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Sample records for modeling program smp

  1. EVALUASI PROGRAM KONSELING DI SMP KOTA MALANG: DISCREPANCY MODEL

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    Wahyu Nanda Eka Saputra

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk  mengetahui kesenjangan antara performansi program konseling di SMP Kota Malang dengan standar yang telah ditentukan. Penelitian ini menggunakan standar dari Guidelines for Performance Based Professional School Counselor Evaluation. Standar tersebut berbunyi “konselor sekolah professional melaksanakan konseling pada siswa secara individual dan kelompok yang teridentifikasi kebutuhan dan masalahnya dan memerlukan bantuan”. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian evaluasi. Evaluasi yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan discrepancy model. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan sistem yang difokuskan pada perencanaan, pelaksanaan, dan evaluasi program konseling. Berdasarkan analisis hasil evaluasi, program konseling di SMP Kota Malang masih jauh dari standar. Hasil penelitian ini merekomendasikan kepada konselor untuk memperbaiki kualitas pelaksanaan program konseling, sehingga memberikan pengaruh positif bagi siswa.

  2. EVALUASI PROGRAM PEMBELAJARAN IPA SMP MENGGUNAKAN MODEL COUNTENANCE STAKE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astin Lukum

    2015-06-01

    THE EVALUATION OF SCIENCE TEACHING ON JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL USING STAKE’S COUNTENANCE MODEL Abstract The purpose of the study was to describe the science learning program on junior high school in Bone Bolanga district based on the Regulation of Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia, Number 65 of 2013 about Processing Standard of Primary and Secondary Education. This study used Stake’s Countanance evaluation model. The data were collected using observation, interview and documentation techniques. The conclusion was: (1 the planning of science learning was categorized fair (68%, it was found that lesson plan was not in accordance with the learning processing standard. (2 The implementation of science learning was categorized fair (57%, that unconformitted with learning processing implementation standard. (3 Student learning outcomes have not met the completeness of minimum criteria (KKM that categorized enough (65% and (4 There were the contingency of planing learning proces and outcome. Keywords: Program Evaluation, Stake's Countenance, Science Learning

  3. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN NEUROLINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING BERORIENTASI KARAKTER BAGI PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN MENULIS SISWA SMP

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    Wikanengsih -

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak: Model Pembelajaran Neurolinguistic Programming Berorientasi Karakter untuk Mening­katkan Kemampuan Menulis Siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan model pem­belajaran neurolinguistik programming berorientasi karakter (MPNLPBK terhadap kemampuan menulis siswa. Metode penelitian yang digunakan metode penelitian kombinasi (mixed method jenis sequential exploratory strategy. Hasil penelitian tahap pertama (penelitian kualitatif menghasilkan model pembelajaran hipotetik. Penelitian tahap kedua merupakan uji coba penerapan model hipotetik (penelitian kuantitatif. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran menulis dengan menggunakan MPNLPBK dapat meningkatkan kemampuan menulis siswa kelompok eksperimen. Selain itu, berdasarkan hasil pengamatan terhadap aspek karakter komunikatif, toleran, tanggungjawab dan kreatif siswa, terdapat perkembangan pada diri siswa untuk setiap aspek tersebut.

  4. The enhancement model of ICT competence for the teachers of SMP Terbuka in Central Java to support long distance learning program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widowati, Trisnani; Purwanti, Dwi

    2017-03-01

    ICT-based learning for SMP Terbuka is a manifestation of the first pillar of DEPDIKNAS Strategic Plan 2005-2009, about the use of ICT as the facility of long distance learning. By implementing ICT-based learning, the communication between the teacher and the students is possible to happen although both parties are in differnet places. The problem in implementing ICT-based learning for SMP Terbuka is the low competence of the teachers in ICT mastery, because this research is aimed to formulate the enhancement model of ICT competence for the teachers of SMP Terbuka in Central Java to support long distance learning program. This research shows that Supervised-Teachers and Tutor Teachers Competence in ICT is still low with the average of Supervised-Teachers competence in operating Ms.Word application of 59.6%, Ms.Excel 55.40%, Power Point 43.40% and internet mastery of 41.8%; while the competence of Tutor Teachers is lower with the average of 40.40% in operating Ms. Word, 35.20% in Ms.Excel, 28.00% in Power Point, and 29% in internet mastery. It means that Supervised-Teachers understand ICT, but they do not master it; while Tutor Teachers have just understood ICT and have a low mastery in Ms.Word. The output of this research is: The new findings of the enhancement model of ICT competence for the teachers of SMP Terbuka in Central Java to support long distance learning program.

  5. MODEL PELATIHAN GURU ILMU PENGETAHUAN SOSIAL DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH KARTASURA

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    Tjipto Subadi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to review and describe: 1 Coaching model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura. 2 Test the validation of coaching model on social sciences teacher. This study used a qualitative approach of phenomenology. This study was conducted in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura, Sukoharjo district. The research design was classroom action research. The subject in this research were students, teachers, the principal. Data collection technique used observation, testing and interview. The interview process using theory of first and second order understanding. Data were analyzed using an interactive model included data reduction, data display, and conclusion. This study concluded that 1 Coaching Model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura used modification lesson study approach. 2 Validation of the coaching model using two kinds of validation namely theory of validation and practice of validation.

  6. Modeling the formation of soluble microbial products (SMP) in drinking water biofiltration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Xin; Ye Lin; Wei Gu

    2008-01-01

    Both a theoretical and an empirical model were developed for predicting the formation of soluble microbial products (SMP) during drinking water biofiltration. Four pilot-scale biofilters with ceramsite as the medium were fed with different acetate loadings for the determination of SMP formation. Using numerically simulated and measured parameters, the theoretical model was developed according to the substrate and biomass balance. The results of this model matched the measured data better for higher SMP formation but did not fit well when SMP formation was lower. In order to better simulate the reality and overcome the difficulties of measuring the kinetic parameters, a simpler empirical model was also developed. In this model, SMP formation was expressed as a function of fed organic loadings and the depth of the medium, and a much better fit was obtained.

  7. Modeling the formation of soluble microbial products (SMP in drinking water biofiltration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin YU

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Both a theoretical and an empirical model were developed for predicting the formation of soluble microbial products (SMP during drinking water biofiltration. Four pilot-scale biofilters with ceramsite as the medium were fed with different acetate loadings for the determination of SMP formation. Using numerically simulated and measured parameters, the theoretical model was developed according to the substrate and biomass balance. The results of this model matched the measured data better for higher SMP formation but did not fit well when SMP formation was lower. In order to better simulate the reality and overcome the difficulties of measuring the kinetic parameters, a simpler empirical model was also developed. In this model, SMP formation was expressed as a function of fed organic loadings and the depth of the medium, and a much better fit was obtained.

  8. 76 FR 41260 - Supplemental Funding for the Senior Medicare Patrol (SMP) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... assistance and support from the National Consumer Protection Technical Resource Center (the Center). This need has been generated by CMS program expansion grants which have recently doubled the size of the SMP program. Funding Opportunity Title/Program Name: National Consumer Protection Technical Resource...

  9. MODEL PENILAIAN SEBAYA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS DI SMP

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    Imam Agus Basuki

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Peer-Assessment Model to Improve the Writing Ability of Junior-High-School Students. This study is aimed at developing a peer-assessment (PA model to improve the writing ability of junior-high-school students. This study employed RDR (research, development, and research design as well as R2D2 (recursive, reflective design and development design, going through three procedural stages: pre-development, development, and try-out. Data concerning product try-out were qualitative in nature, whereas data concerning product experimentation were quantitative. The results of this study include a PA package and the description of its effectiveness. The PA package contains lesson plans, PA guides, learning models, and guidelines for developing PA. The results of product experimentation show that PA has a number of strengths. Abstrak: Model Penilaian Sebaya untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Pembelajaran Menulis di SMP. Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan mengembangkan model penilaian sebaya (PS untuk meningkatkan hasil pem­belajaran menulis di SMP. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut digunakan desain pengembangan RDR (research, development, and research dan R2D2 (recursive, reflective design and development. Penelitian ini dila­kukan dengan tiga tahap, yaitu prapengembangan, pengembangan, dan uji produk. Data hasil uji coba produk berupa data kualitatif, sedangkan data uji eksperimen berupa data kuantitatif. Hasil pengembangan ini berupa perangkat PS dalam pembelajaran menulis beserta deskripsi efektivitasnya. Perangkat PS yang berhasil dikembangkan adalah rencana pembelajaran, alat PS, model pembelajaran, dan panduan pengembang­an PS. Hasil eksperimen menunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran menulis berbasis PS ini memiliki keunggulan.

  10. Research of Parallel Programming Techniques of Hierarchical Model Based on SMP Clusters%基于SMP机群的层次化并行编程技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝永志; 张丹丹; 曹宝香; 禹继国

    2012-01-01

    针对多核SMP机群的体系结构特点,讨论了MPI+ OpenMP混合并行程序设计技术.提出了一种多层次化混合设计新方法.设计了N-body问题的多层次化并行算法,并在曙光5000A机群上与传统的混合算法作了性能方面的比较.结果表明,该层次化混合并行算法具有更好的扩展性和加速比.%For multi-core SMP cluster systems, this paper discusses hybrid parallel programming techniques based on MPI and OpenMP.We propose a new hybrid parallel programming methods lhat are aware of architecture hierarchy on SMP cluster systems. We design a hierarchically parallel algorithm on the N-body problem, and compared its performance with traditional hybrid parallel algorithms on the Dawning 5000A cluster. The results indicate that our hierarchically hybrid parallel algorithm has better scalability and speedup than others.

  11. PENGARUH MODEL KOOPERATIF TIPE NHT TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI 18 MEDAN

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    Faridah Anum Siregar

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model Kooperatif Tipe NHT terhadap hasil belajar siswa semester genap pada sub materi pokok Tekanan Pada Zat Padat dan Zat Cair di SMP Negeri 18 Medan T.P 2009/2010. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimen two group pretest postest. Populasi dalam penelitian adalah seluruh siswa kelas VIII Semester Genap SMP Negeri 18 Medan yang terdiri dari 8 kelas berjumlah 320 orang. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan cara cluster random sampling yaitu dengan mengambil 2 kelas dari 8 kelas secara acak. Dari hasil uji t-test diperoleh thitung sebesar 2,458 dengan probabilitas 0,017 < 0,05. Ini berarti ada pengaruh yang signifikan penggunaan model kooperatif tipe NHT terhadap hasil belajar siswa pada sub materi pokok Tekanan Pada Zat Padat dan Zat Cair Semester Genap SMP Negeri 18 Medan T.P 2009/2010.

  12. PENGEMBANGAN PROGRAM MULTIMEDIA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PENGUASAAN KOSAKATA BAHASA INGGRIS SISWA KELAS VII SMP DI BANJARBARU

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    Rahmad Hidayat

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan program multimedia interaktif berbasis Flash untuk meningkatkan penguasaan kosakata siswa kelas VII SMP Kota Banjarbaru. Penelitian ini meng-ukur kualitas program ditinjau dari validasi ahli, penilaian pengguna dan hasil pretest-posttest. Pengembangan dilakukan melalui lima tahapan, yaitu: (1 analisis awal, (2 desain, (3 pengem-bangan program, (4 evaluasi, dan (5 pengemasan produk akhir. Subjek uji coba adalah siswa dan guru Bahasa Inggris kelas VII di SMP Negeri 11 Banjarbaru. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam pengumpulan data adalah lembar validasi, angket guru dan siswa, dan pretest-posttest. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 kualitas program dari segi materi dan media termasuk dalam kategori sangat baik dengan rerata skor 4,30 dan 4,44; (2 kualitas program dari penilaian guru dan siswa masuk dalam kategori baik dengan rerata skor 3,79 (guru dan 4,18 (siswa; dan (3 terdapat peningkatan antara rerata skor hasil pretest (61,33 dengan posttest (85,2. Dengan demikian program multimedia yang dikembangkan cocok dan layak untuk digunakan dalam pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris di kelas. Kata kunci: pengembangan program, multimedia, kosakata, Flash

  13. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL LATIHAN KRIBO UNTUK POWER TUNGKAI ATLET LOMPAT JAUH DAN SPRINTER SKO SMP

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    Afristian Ismadraga

    2015-04-01

    DEVELOPING “KRIBO” MODEL FOR ATLETHIC POWER LEG TRAINING OF LONG JUMP AND SPRINTER FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL SPORT CLASS Abstract This reseach aims to produce “KRIBO” ( kreatif dan inovatif dengan bola training model to train atletic of long jump and sprinter for junior high school sport class. The development of this model is expected to become a satisfactory and effective training model. This research and development was conducted by adapting the research as follows: (1 Research and information collection. (2 Planning (3 Develop preliminary form of product (4 Preliminary field testing (5 Main product revision (6 Main filed testing (7 Operasional product revision (8 Operational field testing  (9 Final product revision (10 Dissemination and implementation. The small-scale field trial was done by 10 students of grade IX class in SMP N 1 Ngawen. The large-scale field trials were done by 20 students of grade IX in SMP N 1 Ngawen and SMP N 1 Playen. The data collecting instruments were: (1 interview guide, (2 a value scale, (3 observation guide of the model, (4 an observasion guide of the model’s efectiveness, (5 a guestionnaire for the students. The data analysis method was a guantitative descriptive analysis and qualitative descriptive analysis. Based on the data analysis derived from coach and expert assessment, it is concluded that the model is training as very satisfactory and effective. Keywords: exercise models,”KRIBO”, long jump, sprinter

  14. Finite element modeling and fabrication of an SMA-SMP shape memory composite actuator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souri, Mohammad

    Shape memory alloys and polymers have been extensively researched recently because of their unique ability to recover large deformations. Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are able to recover large deformations compared to shape memory alloys (SMAs), although SMAs have higher strength and are able to generate more stress during recovery. This project focuses on procedure for fabrication and Finite Element Modeling (FEM) of a shape memory composite actuator. First, SMP was characterized to reveal its mechanical properties. Specifically, glass transition temperature, the effects of temperature and strain rate on compressive response and recovery properties of shape memory polymer were studied. Then, shape memory properties of a NiTi wire, including transformation temperatures and stress generation, were investigated. SMC actuator was fabricated by using epoxy based SMP and NiTi SMA wire. Experimental tests confirmed the reversible behavior of fabricated shape memory composites. (Abstract shortened by ProQuest.).

  15. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN LEMPAR LEMBING UNTUK SISWA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA (SMP

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    Adhen Willy Munendra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pembelajaran lempar lembing untuk siswa SMP yang layak digunakan. Model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan diharapkan untuk digunakan guru SMP sebagai salah satu bentuk pembelajaran lempar lembing yang baik dan efektif. Penelitian pengembangan ini dilakukan dengan mengadaptasi langkah-langkah penelitian pengembangan sebagai berikut: (1 studi pendahuluan, (2 analisis terhadap informasi yang telah dikumpulkan, (3 mengembangkan produk awal (draf produk, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba skala kecil dan revisi, (6 uji coba lapangan skala besar dan revisi, dan (7 diseminasi produk hasil pengembangan. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan 20 siswa terhadap siswa kelas 8 SMP Negeri 2 Karangnongko Klaten. Uji coba skala besar dilakukan terhadap 60 siswa kelas 8 SMP Negeri 1 Karangnongko dan SMP Negeri 1 Kemalang Klaten. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini berupa buku panduan dan CD model pembelajaran lempar lembing untuk siswa SMP, yang berisikan sepuluh model permainan, yaitu permainan: (1 kasvol; (2 bola estafet; (3 target papan; (4 target bola; (5 lempar angka; (6 perang bola; (7 parsim; (8 tardus; (9 pahsim, dan (10 pahdus. Dari hasil penilaian para ahli materi, dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa model pembelajaran lempar lembing yang disusun sangat baik dan efektif, sehingga layak digunakan untuk pembelajaran lempar lembing pada siswa SMP. Kata kunci: pengembangan, model pembelajaran lempar lembing DEVELOPING A JAVELIN THROWING TEACHING MODEL FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Abstract This research aims to produce a javelin throwing teaching model for junior high school students. This javelin throwing teaching model is expected to be used by teacher as a form of good and effective javelin throwing teaching. This research and development was conducted by adapting the steps of research development including: (1

  16. PENGARUH MODEL INKUIRI ILMIAH TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS SISWA SMP PADA MATERI KALOR DALAM KEHIDUPAN

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    Khairani Muslim

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya kemampuan siswa dalam menguasai konsep IPA melalui proses penemuan langsung. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh model inkuiri ilmiah terhadap peningkatan Keterampilan Proses Sains siswa (KPS. Metode penelitian adalah quasi eksperimen dengan model pretest and postest control group design. Penelitian dilakukan di salah satu SMP di Kota Padang di kelas VII. Proses pembelajaran dalam penelitian ini dilakukan sebanyak 4 kali pertemuan. Pembelajaran dikolaborasikan dengan tipe pembelajaran connected yang menggabungkan konsep belajar Fisika, Kimia dan Biologi. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah soal esai, kuesioner, lembar observasi KPS, dan format wawancara. Analisis kuantitatif dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji rata perbedaan (sampel independen t-test atau Mann-Whitney dengan bantuan software SPSS 16 for Windows dan Microsoft Excel 2007. Berdasarkan hasil perbedaan rerata  N  gain siswa pada model pembelajaran inkuiri ilmiah dan inkuiri pada kemampuan KPS siswa  memperoleh hasil  sig uji (dua tailed 0.386 ≥ (α 0,05. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa model inkuiri ilmiah dan inkuiri terbimbing dapat meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains Siswa.

  17. PENINGKATAN AKTIVITAS DAN HASIL BELAJAR TERBENTUKNYA HARGA PASAR DENGAN PENERAPAN MODEL CORE PADA SISWA KELAS VIII SMP N 2 UNGARAN

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    Lala Sakuntala

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang muncul dalam pembelajaran di SMP N 2 Ungaran berawal dari penggunan metode dan model pembelajaran yang digunakan guru pada saat pembelajaran. Dalam pembalajaran guru cenderung masih menggunakan ceramah, sehingga menyebabkan kurangnya interaksi dan motivasi siswa pada saat pembelajaran berlangsung. Berdasarkan hasil observasi awal di SMP N 2 Ungaran, diperoleh data bahwa 53,12% siswa belum tuntas dalam pembelajaran materi harga keseimbangan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui apakah ada peningkatan menggunakan model pembelajaran CORE terhadap aktivitas dan hasil belajar pokok bahasan pembentukan harga pasar siswa kelas VIII di SMP Negeri 2 Ungaran. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIII D SMP N 2 Ungaran dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran CORE. Rancangan penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas yang terdiri dari dua siklus, setiap siklus meliputi perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Hasil penelitian siklus I menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 74,2 dengan ketuntasn klasikal 72%. Untuk hasil penelitian siklus II menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 78.9 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 88%. Hasil aktivitas siswa dan guru meningkat dengan diterapkannya model pembelajaran CORE. Terlihat pada hasil aktivitas siswa siklus I sebesar 70% meningkat menjadi 87.5% pad siklus II. Sedangkan aktivitas guru pada siklus II sebesar 75% meningkat menjadi 95% pada siklus II. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa terjadi peningkatan aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran CORE pada materi harga keseimbangan. Saran yang berkaitan dengan hasil penelitian adalah perlu adanya kesiapan guru sebelum memulai pelajaran, guru hendaknya mampu menguasai kelas dengan baik, dan memilih metode yang tepat untuk diterapkan dalam proses belajar mengajar. The problems that arise in learning in SMP 2 Ungaran originated from the use of learning

  18. IMPLEMENTASI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN ARIAS DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PARTISIPASI DAN HASIL BELAJAR EKONOMI SISWA KELAS VIII PADA SMP N 10 PADANG

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    nilma desri rosya

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to see increased participation and student learning outcomes by using model study on subjects ARIAS Economy class VIII.3 in SMP N 10 Padang. This research is a classroom action research with the hypothesis of action is the application of learning models ARIAS can increase participation and learning outcomes Economy class students VIII.3 SMP N 10 Padang. Data were collected through observation sheet that is used to view changes in participation and learning outcomes of students in the learning process cycle I and II. The results of the two cycles shows that participation and learning outcomes of students has increased since the first cycle and this improvement continued in the second cycle

  19. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH YANG BERMUATAN NILAI-NILAI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS CERPEN PADA KELAS VIII SMP

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    Aditya Dwi Haryawan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Menulis merupakan suatu keterampilan yang harus dimiliki peserta didik sekolah menengah pertama. Melaluitulisan, peserta didik dapat menyampaikan pengalaman, pikiran, perasaan, atau keinginan. Masalah penelitianini adalah (1 bagaimanakah kebutuhan pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang bermuatannilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen berdasarkan persepsi guru dan pesertadidik kelas VIII SMP?; (2 bagaimanakah prinsip-prinsip pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalahyang bermuatan nilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen pada peserta didik kelasVIII SMP? (3 bagaimanakah pengembangan prototipe model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang bermuatannilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen pada kelas VIII SMP?; (4 bagaimanakahkeberterimaan penerapan pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang bermuatan nilai-nilaipendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen pada kelas VIII SMP. Dalam penelitian ini digunakandesain Research and Development. Tahapan yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi pustaka, analisiskebutuhan, pengembangan model yang dikembangkan, uji validasi, revisi, implementasi, revisi akhir,pengembangan model/produk akhir. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, angket, wawancara, tes,dan dokumentasi foto. Writing is a skill that must be owned by middle school students. Through writing, students canconvey experiences, thoughts, feelings, or desires. The research problem is (1 How can the needsof the development of PBL model that charged the values of character education in learning towrite short stories on the perceptions of teachers and students of class VIII?; (2 How do thecharacteristics of the development of PBL model value-laden -the value of character education inlearning to write short stories at the high school of learner assessment system class?; (3 How isthe development of a prototype model of PBL  charged

  20. Analisis Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Geometri dan Karakter Siswa SMP Kelas VIII Melalui Pembelajaran Model 4K

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    Muhammad 'Azmi Nuha

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui deskripsi kemampuan pemecahan masalah geometri, karakter disiplin, dan karakter toleransi pada siswa SMP kelas 8. Pengambilan sampel dalam peneltian ini menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Dari hasil kemampuan awal yaitu hasil tes materi lingkaran kemudian diranking dan dibagi atas 3 kelompok kelas yaitu siswa berprestasi tinggi, sedang dan rendah. Seting pembelajaran dalam penelitian ini menggunakan Model 4K. Model 4K adalah model pembelajaran yang bercirikan karakter, kinerja, kreatif, dan konservatif. Hasil penelitian menyebutkan bahwa kemampuan memahami permasalahan subjek penelitian pada pembelajaran Model 4K tinggi. Kemampuan merencanakan penyelesaian dari keenam subjek penelitian memperlihatkan sebuah tingkatan yang menyatakan bahwa siswa yang prestasinya lebih tinggi dalam hal membuat perencanaan lebih baik daripada siswa yang prestasinya lebih rendah. Hasil penelitian pada karakter menyebutkan bahwa strategi pembelajaran keteladanan, habituasi dan penguatan, serta berpikir reflektif dapat memberikan karakter disiplin dan toleransi yang tinggi pada subjek penelitian.The purpose of this study was to determine the description of the geometry problem solving skills, disciplined character, and the character of tolerance in junior high school students’ grade 8. The samples in this research using purposive sampling technique. From the results of the initial capabilities are the result of the test material circle then be ranked and divided into three groups, namely the class of outstanding students of high, medium and low. Setting learning in this study using the model 4K. Model 4K is a learning model that is characterized by character, performance, creative and conservative. The study says that the ability to understand the problems the subject of research on learning Model 4K high. The ability to plan the completion of the six subjects showed a level which states that higher student

  1. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL EVALUASI PROSES PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA DI SMP BERDASARKAN KURIKULUM 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiyanto Sugiyanto

    2015-06-01

    Abstract This studi aims to develop a model for an evaluation of mathematics learning processes at junior high schools (JHSs based on Curriculum 2013 and evaluate the effectiveness of the model develo-ped. This was a research and development study. The subject of the research was the teachers, principals, and supervisors. The data collecting instruments were questionnaires and observational sheet. The development process was carried out in 4 stages namely: (1 preliminary investigation; (2 planning development, validation; (3 tryout; (4 product finalization. The try out was perform-ed in 3 stages with the increasing number of participants for each stage. The learning process evaluation model was supported by instrument to assess lesson plans, learning implementation, and the implementation of learning outcome assessment. The content validity was assessed through focus group discussion (FGD. The construct validity was assessed by the factor analysis, and the reliabilities were estimated by the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC. The result of the research was a model of evaluation of mathematics learning processes at junior high schools (JHSs based on Curriculum 2013, consisting of procedures, evaluation guideline and the well de-signed instruments. Based on the try out, all of the instruments have had good suitability, because construct validity and reliability meet all of the academic requirements. According to the evalua-tion from the practitioners and the model users, the model of the evaluation of mathematics learn-ing processes at junior high schools (JHSs based on Curriculum 2013 was very effective to be implemented. Keywords: development model, evaluation of learning processes, SMP mathematics

  2. Optimization of cell-wall skeleton derived from Mycobacterium bovis BCG Tokyo 172 (SMP-105) emulsion in delayed-type hypersensitivity and antitumor models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyauchi, M; Murata, M; Fukushima, A; Sato, T; Nakagawa, M; Fujii, T; Koseki, N; Chiba, N; Kashiwazaki, Y

    2012-08-01

    Cell-wall skeleton prepared from Mycobacterium bovis BCG (BCG-CWS) is known as a potent adjuvant and has been shown to possess antitumor activity in many non-clinical and clinical studies. As there are no approved BCG-CWS formulations for cancer therapy, we investigated the potential for cancer immunotherapy of SMP-105, our originally produced BCG-CWS. For optimizing SMP-105 emulsion, we compared the effects of drakeoland squalane-based SMP-105 emulsions on IFN-γ production in rats and evaluated their ability to induce skin reaction in guinea pigs. Both emulsions had the same activity in both experiments. We selected squalane as base material and produced two types of squalane-based formulations (vialed emulsion and pumped emulsion) that can easily be prepared as oil-in-water emulsions. Although the vialed emulsion showed the same pattern of distribution as a usual homogenized emulsion, the pumped emulsion showed more uniform distribution than the other two emulsions. Whereas both emulsions enhanced strong delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in a mouse model, the pumped emulsion induced slightly smaller edema. Data on oil droplet size distribution suggest that few micrometer oil droplet size might be appropriate for oil-in-water microemulsion of SMP-105. The antitumor potency of SMP-105 emulsion was stronger than that of some of the launched toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists (Aldara cream, Picibanil, and Immunobladder). Aldara and Picibanil showed limited antitumor effectiveness, while Immunobladder had almost the same effect as SMP-105 at the highest dose, but needed about 10 times the amount of SMP-105. These findings first indicate that SMP-105 has great potential in cancer immunotherapy.

  3. PERAN SERTA WARGA SEKOLAH DALAM MEWUJUDKAN PROGRAM ADIWIYATA DI SMP WILAYAH SEMARANG BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takarina Yusnidar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian mengkaji upaya sekolah dalam mengimplementasikan program Adiwiyata, mengkaji peran serta warga sekolah dalam mewujudkan program Adiwiyata dan mengkaji peran PLH bagi warga sekolah. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan nara sumber warga sekolah. Metode pengumpulan data: wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Keabsahan data dengan teknik trianggulasi sehingga data diperoleh valid. Analisis data menggunakan model interaktif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan  upaya sekolah dalam mengimplementasikan program Adiwiyata mendapat respon positif dari warga sekolah, peran serta warga sekolah dalam mewujudkan program Adiwiyata dilaksanakan dalam pengelolaan sampah, kegiatan Jumat bersih dan penghijauan dan peran pendidikan lingkungan bagi warga sekolah signifikan, guru mengintegrasikan pendidikan lingkungan pada mata pelajaran tertentu. The purpose of research examines the efforts of schools in implementing Adiwiyata program , examines the role of the school community in realizing Adiwiyata program and examines the role of  PLH for the school community The study used qualitative research methods with the school community resource persons. Method of data collection: interviews, observation, and documentation. The validity of the data with triangulation techniques so that the data obtained is valid. Analyzed using an interactive model. Results of the study: Efforts to implement the program Adiwiyata school received a positive response from the school community, The role of the school community in realizing Adiwiyata program implemented in waste management, clean and greening  Friday activity, The role of environmental education for the citizens of significant school, teachers integrate environmental education in certain subjects .

  4. PENGELOLAAN BANTUAN SISWA MISKIN DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 8 WONOGIRI

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    Heru Mahmudi Santoso

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the research are to: 1 describe the preparation of management of Student Financial Aid Program; 2 describe the activities of management of Student Financial Aid Program; and 3 describe the management report of Student Financial Aid Program at SMP Muhammadiyah 8 Wonogiri. The research method applied was descriptive qualitative study by using an ethnographic approach. The subject of the research was SMP Muhammadiyah 8 Wonogiri. The data were collected through in-deep interview, observation and documentation. The informants of the research are: the principal, vice-principal, and teachers, who have the role in Poverty Student Aids management of SMP Muhammadiyah 8 Wonogiri. The data were obtained and analyzed by using an interactive model which included data collection, reduction, verification and drawing conclusion. The research result showed that; 1 The preparation of management of Student Financial Aid Program at SMP Muhammadiyah 8 Wonogiri was started by conducting a coordination among the principal, teachers, staffs, and team. Then they prepared some data related to students’ background which would be promoted to get Student Financial Aid Program ; 2 The activities in managing of The Student Financial Aid Program was started by planning, actuating, distributing, recording, controlling, and reporting of Student Financial Aid Program as a form of responsibility of the team in managing Student Financial Aid Program, and 3 In the end of management process of Student Financial Aid Program, school or the team had a responsibility to record and report the outcome of the management of Student Financial Aid Program at SMP Muhammadiyah 8 Wonogiri. By reporting the outcome, it meant that the management of Student Financial Aid Program had been finished. The whole management activities of Student Financial Aid Program were based on the principles of School Financial Management, those are; transparency, accountability, effectively, efficiency

  5. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL LINGKAR SASTRA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN APRESIASI CERITA PENDEK BERMUATAN NILAI-NILAI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PESERTA DIDIK SMP/ MTs

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    Erni Hidayati

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Keterampilan mengapresiasi cerita pendek sangat penting dikuasai oleh peserta didik. Kenyataannya keterampilan ini belum dikuasai secara maksimal. Oleh karena itu, perlu dikembangkan sebuah model pembelajaran apresiasi cerpen. Penelitian ini bertujuan memaparkan karakteristik model pembelajaran sesuai kebutuhan guru dan peserta didik, prinsip-prinsip model, prototipe, dan keefektifan model. Pengembangan model dilakukan dengan Research and Development , Borg dan Gall. Secara hirarkis dari analisis kurikulum, teoretis, kebutuhan guru dan peserta didik, mengembangkan prototipe, uji ahli, revisi prototipe, uji coba terbatas, dan penyusunan model. Pengumpulan data dengan angket, lembar pengamatan, dan lembar penilaian. Pengembangan model menghasilkan: (1 karakteristik model lingkar sastra menurut guru dan peserta didik; (2 prinsip-prinsip model (3 propotipe model;(4 keefektifan model dengan diujicobakan pada peserta didik kelas IX B SMP Kesatrian 2 Semarang. Hasilnya mampu meningkatkan hasil belajar apresiasi cerpen dari rata-rata nilai tes awal 60,63 menjadi 77,19 dan pencapaian KKM dari 40,63% menjadi 93,75%. Dampak pengiring karakter jujur, menghargai prestasi, gemar menyimak, dan komunikatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini disimpulkan  bahwa model ini dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar mengapresiasi cerpen.Skills are very important to appreciate short stories dominated by learners. In fact these skills have not been mastered to the fullest. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an appreciation of the learning model of short stories. This study aims to describe the characteristics of the learning model according to the needs of teachers and learners, the principles of the model, the prototype, and the effectiveness of the model. Model development is done by the Research and Development, Borg and Gall. Hierarchically from the curriculum analysis, theoretical, needs of teachers and learners, developing prototypes, testing experts, the revised

  6. RTEMS SMP for LEON3/LEON4 Multi-Processor Devicies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cederman, Daniel; Hellstrom, Daniel; Sherrill, Joel; Bloom, Gedare; Patte, Mathieu; Zulianello, Marco

    2014-08-01

    When multi-core processors are used in the space industry, they are mostly used in AMP configurations. The cost of increased complexity and difficulty in analyzing SMP systems has been deemed too high in comparison with the benefits of more processing power. A reason for this is the lack of easy to analyze operating systems capable of SMP configurations.In this paper we present an European Space Agency (ESA) activity aimed at bringing easily accessible SMP support to GR712RC and ESA's future Next Generation Microprocessor (NGMP). This will be achieved by extending the RTEMS operating system with SMP capabilities and by providing parallel programming models and related libraries to exploit the intrinsic parallelism of space applications. The work will be validated by porting the single-core Gaia Video Processing Unit space application used in ESA's Gaia satellite project to RTEMS SMP running on GR712RC and NGMP.The paper describes the ongoing effort and gives an overview of the challenges faced in extending a real-time OS to the SMP domain. The activity is funded by ESA under contract 4000108560/13/NL/JK. Gedare Bloom is supported in part by NSF CNS-0934725.

  7. Comprehensive modelling of the planetary nebula LMC-SMP 61 and its [WC]-type central star

    CERN Document Server

    Stasinska, G; Peña, M; Hamann, W R; Koesterke, L; Szczerba, R

    2003-01-01

    We present a comprehensive study of the Magellanic Cloud planetary nebula SMP 61 and of its nucleus, a Wolf-Rayet type star classified [WC 5-6]. We have performed a detailed spectral analysis of the central star, using the Potsdam code for expanding atmospheres in non-LTE. The fluxes from the model stellar atmosphere were used to compute photoionization models of the nebula. All the available observations, within their error bars, were used to constrain these models. We find that the ionizing fluxes predicted by the stellar model are basically consistent with the fluxes needed by the photoionization model to reproduce the nebular emission, within the error margins. However, there are indications that the stellar model overestimates the number and hardness of Lyman continuum photons. The photoionization models imply a clumped density structure of the nebular material. The observed CIII] 1909/CII 4267 line ratio implies the existence of carbon-rich clumps in the nebula. Such clumps are likely produced by stella...

  8. PEMBELAJARAN KETERAMPILAN MEMBACA INTENSIF PARAGRAF DENGAN MODEL PENGEMBANGAN KONSEP MELALUI AKTIVITAS BAHASA (PKMAB DAN MODEL PENDAHULUAN, PENGANALISISAN, PENGULANGAN (P3 PADA SISWA SMP DILIHAT DARI KARAKTERSOSIAL DAN MANDIRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurriyah -

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan penelitian adalah seberapa besar peningkatan keterampilan membaca intensif paragraf peserta didik yang berkarakter Sosialdan Mandiriyang diperlakukan dengan model pembelajaran PKMABdanP3di SMP. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menentukan besaran hasil peningkatan keterampilan membaca intensif paragraf pada peserta didik yang berkarakter Sosialdan Mandiriyang diperlakukan dengan model pembelajaran PKMABdanP3di SMP.Penelitian menggunakan metode eksperimen dengan populasi keterampilan membaca intensif paragrafpeserta didik SMP di wilayah Tegal dan Brebes.Sampel penelitianadalah keterampilan membaca intensif paragrafpeserta didik Kelas VII SMP Warureja dan Brebes. Pengumpulan data kuantitatif dilaksanakan melalui tes keterampilan membaca intensif paragraf, dianalisismenggunakanbefore-after dant-Tes Dua Sampel Independen. Pengumpulan data kualitatif menggunakan panduan observasi, dokumentasi, dan angketskala sikap untuk mengungkap karakter peserta didik.Hasil penelitian membuktikan bahwa model PKMAB lebih efektif meningkatkan kemampuan membaca intensif paragraf pada peserta didik, terutama yang berkarakter Sosial. Sedangkan model P3 lebih efektif meningkatkan kemampuan membaca intensif paragraf pada peserta didik, terutama yang berkarakter Mandiri. The problem in this research is the comparison of intensive paragraph reading skill in the socializer children and in the children whose characters are director who are treated using PKMAB and P3 in Junior High School.The method used in this study was an experiment with quantitative and qualitative analysis techniques.The study sample is the intensive paragraph penganalisisaning skill on the students of grade VII of SMPN 1 Warureja and SMPN 5 Brebes. Quantitative data collection was carried out through intensive paragraph penganalisisaning test and analyzed by using before-after and t-Test for Two Independent Samples to know the level of intensive paragraph penganalisisaning skill on the learner

  9. KOMPETENSI GURU IPS DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS PEDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH KOTA TERNATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suardi Kader

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek penelitian terdiri atas: semua guru, kepala sekolah, dan siswa sebagai responden. Objek penelitian ini adalah kompetensi guru dalam menerapkan berbagai metode untuk pendidikan karakter  pada pembelajaran IPS yang terintegrasi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara, dokumentasi dan observasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis kualitatif model induktif. Hasil penelitian adalah sebagai berikut: (1 Kompetensi guru IPS dalam pedidikan karakter di SMP Muhammadiyah 1 dan 2 Kota Ternate belum memuaskan. Hal ini disebabkan oleh guru IPS masih kurang memiliki wawasan dasar keilmuan karakter. Di samping itu juga, guru belum aktif dan kreatif, serta memiliki kemampuan untuk mengembangkan wawasan pendidikan karakter ke dalam mata pelajaran IPS. (2 Metode pembelajaran IPS di SMP Muhammadiyah 1 dan SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kota Ternate masih cenderung bersifat konvensional, yaitu ceramah. (3 Kendala-kendala yang ditemukan  dalam pembelajaran pendidikan karakter di SMP Muhammadiyah 1 dan SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kota Ternate yaitu berasal dari guru, sarana, dan prasarana yang belum memadai, lemahnya kesadaran peserta didik, dana dan pembiayaan yang masih kurang, program pembelajaran, pembinaan karakter karena masih kurangnya pemahaman dari pembina atau guru, serta buku-buku penunjang yang digunakan untuk kepentingan proses pembelajaran. Kata kunci: kompetensi guru IPS, pembelajaran, dan pendidikan karakter

  10. Modeling how soluble microbial products (SMP) support heterotrophic bacteria in autotroph-based biofilms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Merkey, Brian; Rittmann, Bruce E.; Chopp, David L.

    2009-01-01

    Multi-species biofilm modeling has been used for many years to understand the interactions between species in different biofilm systems, but the complex symbiotic relationship between species is sometimes overlooked, because models do not always include all relevant species and components....... In this paper, we develop and use a mathematical model to describe a model biofilm system that includes autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria and the key products produced by the bacteria. The model combines the methods of earlier multi-species models with a multi-component biofilm model in order to explore...

  11. MODEL PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS BERDASARKAN PENDEKATAN PROSES GENRE BAGI SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kastam Syamsi

    2013-01-01

    writing based on the genre process approach for junior high school students. The procedure employed the R2D2 model, consisting of three main stages, i.e. (1 definition, (2 design and development, and (3 dissemination. The data consisted of qualitative and quantitative data. The qualitative data were analyzed using the domain analysis technique with critical and reflective principles, while the quantitative data were analyzed using t-test with SPSS 16.0 for Windows. The study produces five models, i.e.: (1 a syllabus model, (2 a lesson plan model, (3 a learning materials model, (4 an evaluation instrument model, and (5 a teacher guide model of the teaching of writing. Based on the data analysis, the five models of teaching kits for writing are effective to improve the students’ writing ability.

  12. Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Treffinger dengan Bantuan Media Audio Visual Untuk Meningkatkan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar IPA Terpadu pada Siswa Kelas VII SMP Frater Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Indah Sari

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini adalah  jenis Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (Classroom Action Research yang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada pembelajaran IPA Terpadu melalui penerapan model pembelajaran Treffinger dengan bantuan media audio visual pada materi ekosistem siswa kelas VII SMP FRATER Makassar. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi aktivitas belajar siswa dan evaluasi pada setiap akhir siklus. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan dilengkapi dengan tabel frekuensi dan presentase. Dari hasil kegiatan pembelajaran yang telah dilakukan terjadi peningkatan hasil belajar siswa, siklus I sebanyak 14 orang dengan presentase 37,83%, sedangkan pada siklus II sebanyak 32 orang dengan persentase 86,48%. dan terjadi peningkatan aktivitas belajar siswa, Semangat siswa dalam mengikuti pembelajaran IPA Terpadu pada siklus I 50,15% dan  meningkat pada siklus II menjadi 80,05%. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penerapan model pembelajaran Treffinger dengan bantuan media audio visual dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar IPA Terpadu pada materi ekosistem pada siswa kelas VII A SMP FRATER Makassar.Kata kunci: model pembelajaran treffinger, hasil belajar, ipa terpadu.ABSTRACTThis study is classroom action research study that aims to increase activity and study results of Integrated Science of  student by using Treffinger model with audio visual media on ecosystem material of Class VII Student at SMP Frater Makassar. Data collection used in this study was observation and achievement test in the end of every cycle. Analytical data by using descriptive statistical analysis include the frequency tables and percentages. The results of this study indicate that: Treffinger  model with audio visual media showed a positive tendency from 14 students with 37,83% in cycle I and improve to 32 students with 86,48% in cycle II and showed a positive tendency on student’s activity in study. Student

  13. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MULTIMEDIA INTERAKTIF PENGUKURAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL DAN KEMANDIRIAN BELAJAR SISWA SMP DI KOTA BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erman Sutarno

    2015-02-01

    and the students can easily check their own progress, (5 every segment of this model was completed with reinforcement to improve the learning quality. Keywords: Learning Model, Interactive Multimedia, Experiential Learning Cycle. ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pembelajaran Pengukuran berbasis multimedia interaktif  yang dapat meningkatkan hasil dan kemandirian belajar siswa di SMP kelas VII. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SMP di Kota Bandung menggunakan pendekatan research and development. Proses dilaksanakan melalui tahapan: studi pendahuluan, pengembangan, dan pengujian. Instrumen yang digunakan pada tahap studi pendahuluan adalah studi pustaka dan survei lapangan; tahap pengembangan model dilakukan berupa penyusunan draf awal model, uji-coba terbatas, dan uji-coba diperluas; tahap validasi model berupa eksperimen pre-test treatment post-test dengan menggunakan matching pretest-posttest control group design. Penelitian ini menggunakan profil model pembelajaran experiential learning cycle dari teori belajar Kolb (1994 dengan karakteristik: (1 mengintegrasikan pengalaman awal siswa dengan pengalaman scientific (ilmiah, (2 belajar sambil bekerja (work-base laboratory, (3 pendidikan yang bersifat kooperatif (bekerja sama dalam konteks sosial, dan (4 menjamin penguasaan kompetensi dasar pengukuran arus, meter, kilogram yang memadai. Hasil uji efektivitas melalui model pembelajaran berbasis multimedia interaktif  dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar dan kemandirian belajar siswa. Beberapa temuan terpenting adalah: (1 model ini dapat meningkatkan kompetensi belajar siswa pada ranah kognitif, (2 melalui perangkat lunak keterampilan siswa dapat meningkatkan kemampuan bekerjasama dalam kelompok belajar, melatih berfikir kreatif, dan berkomunikasi, (3 mampu menerapkan berbagai kemampuan dengan terampil ketika mengerjakan LKS. Beberapa rekomendasi penelitian untuk guru, sekolah, pemerintah adalah: (1 Multimedia interaktif melalui animasi yang didisain

  14. Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah dan Komunikasi Matematis Siswa SMP melalui Model Pembelajaran Means-ends Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juanda Juanda

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Dalam kurikulum mata pelajaran matematika, siswa dituntut mampu mengembangkan kemampuan matematika dalam pemecahan masalah dan mengkomunikasikan ide atau gagasan dengan menggunakan simbol, tabel, diagram, dan media lain. Oleh karena itu, dibutuhkan model pembelajaran yang tepat untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah dan komunikasi matematis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk; 1 mengetahui peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah dan komunikasi matematis apabila ditinjau keseluruhan siswa dan level kemampuan awal siswa, 2 interaksi antara model pembelajaran dan level kemampuan siswa terhadap peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah dan komunikasi matematis dan 3 sikap siswa terhadap pembelajaran model Means-ends analysis. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode eksperimen. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas VIII SMPS YPPU Sigli, Provinsi Aceh, sedangkan sampelnya adalah siswa kelas VIII-1 sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas VIII-2 sebagai kelas kontrol. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah jenis tes dan non tes. Analisis data dilakukan secara kuantitatif dengan menggunakan uji-t terhadap rataan gain ternormalisasi antara kedua kelompok sampel  dan uji anova dua jalur untuk menguji interaksi antara model pembelajaran dan level siswa terhadap peningkatan kemampuan matematis siswa. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah dan komunikasi matematis siswa yang memperoleh pembelajaran model Means-ends analysis lebih baik daripada siswa yang memperoleh pembelajaran konvensional baik ditinjau berdasarkan keseluruhan siswa maupun berdasarkan level kemampuan siswa. Terdapat interaksi antara faktor model pembelajaran dan level kemampuan siswa terhadap peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematis. Tidak terdapat interaksi antara model pembelajaran Means-ends analysis dan level kemampuan siswa terhadap peningkatan kemampuan komunikasi matematis. Siswa memiliki sikap positif

  15. PENERAPAN MODEL PROBLEM BASED LEARNING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. Setyorini

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Model (PBL mengajak siswa agar mampu melatih kemampuan siswa dalam memecahkan masalah sehingga dapatmeningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penerapan model Problem BasedLearning pada sub pokok bahasan gerak lurus berubah beraturan yang dapat meningkatkan kempuan berpikir kritis siswa.Pengambilan sampel dengan teknik simple random sampling. Data penelitian berupa kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa diambildengan teknik tes dan praktikum, dengan tes diperoleh hasil 75% siswa memiliki kemampuan berpikir kritis dan 7,5% memilikikemampuan sangat kritis. Sedangkan pada praktikum diperoleh hasil sebesar 82,5%. Aspek psikomotorik memiliki rerata 82,75dalam kategori sangat aktif kemudian untuk aspek afektif nilai rerata sebesar 73,38 yang termasuk dalam kategori baik. Simpulanpenelitian ini yaitu model pembelajaran Problem Based Learning dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa pada subpokok bahasan gerak lurus berubah beraturan. The goal of the research is to gain whether or not an application of Problem Based Learning (PBL model can improve students'critical thinking. It is because PBL provides a problem solving activity. Fact, this model can improve the students' capability in criticalthinking. The sample of this study was chosen by using simple random sampling technique and the data were collected using testand students' activities observation in laboratory. From the data analysis, it is found that 75% students have the critical thinkingability and 7.5% are very critical the thinking. Based on the students' activities in the laboratory observation, it is found that 82.75%students are categorized as very active ones and 73.38% students are categorized as enthusiastic ones. It can be concluded thatProblem Based Learning (PBL model can increase the students' critical thinking in learning ununiformly accelerated motion.Keywords: critical thinking; problem solving; Problem Based Learning

  16. Keefektifan Model CIRC Berbasis Joyful Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis Siswa SMP

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    Rian Triastuti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah implementasi model pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning efektif terhadap kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa pada materi Teorema Pythagoras. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode dokumen-tasi, tes, dan observasi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa siswa pada kelas eksperimen telah mencapai ketuntasan klasikal. Hasil uji perbedaan dua rata-rata menun-jukkan bahwa rata-rata hasil tes kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas eksperimen lebih dari rata-rata hasil tes kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas kontrol. Berdasar-kan hasil tersebut dapat diketahui bahwa rata-rata kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas eksperimen lebih baik daripada rata-rata kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas kontrol. Hasil observasi menunjukkan bahwa persentase keaktifan siswa dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning lebih tinggi daripada persentase keaktifan siswa pada pembelajaran ekspositori, dan aktivitas guru dalam mengelola pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning mencapai kriteria sangat baik. Kata kunci:       CIRC; Joyfull Learning; Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis.  AbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine whether the implementation of the CIRC based Joyful Learning models effective against student’s mathematical reasoning skills on the material Pythagorean Theorem. The population in this study is the eighth grade students of Junior High School of 1 Tlogowungu. Based on the results of the study showed that students in the experimental class have reached the classical completeness. The test results mean the difference of two shows that the average test results of mathematical reasoning skills experimental class students more than the average test results of student’s mathematical reasoning skills control class. Based on these results it can be seen that the average of student’s mathematical reasoning skills experimental

  17. Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran matematika SMP kelas VIII semester genap dengan model problem-based learning

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    Maria Trisna Sero Wondo

    2017-06-01

    Abstract This study aimed to produce mathematics learning kits using the problem based learning model oriented to the learning achievement, problem solving skill, and self-confidence for Grade VIII students of the junior high school (JHS in the even semester. This study was and development study used the development model by Plomp (preliminary study, development, evaluation. The research subjects were teachers and students of Grade VIII of Swasta Katolik Maria Goretti Ende. The analysis of the data was done by converting the quantitative data in the form scores as the results of the evaluation into qualitative data in the form of five-scale standard scores. This study produce mathematics learning kits in the form of lesson plans and student worksheets for Grade VIII students of the junior high school in the even semester. Of the results of expert validation, a teacher evaluation scores, a students evaluation scores, an observation for the implementation of learning activities, a learning achievement test, a problem solving skil test, and a self-confidence questionnaire show that lesson plans (RPP  and student worksheets (LKS is valid, practical, and effective. Keywords: learning kits, problem-based learning, learning achievement, problem solving, self-confidence

  18. PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI TERBIMBING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR FISIKA SISWA KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI 4 METRO SEMESTER GENAP TAHUN PELAJARAN 2013/2014

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    Laela Ngasarotul Khotimah

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research is to find the effect of guided inquiry learning model on learning outcomes physics eighth grade students of SMP N 4 Metro semester of academic year 2013/2014. The sample was VIIID as VIIIF as a control class and experimental class were selected by cluster random sampling. The study design used was Posttest-Only Control Design and researchinstruments in the form of sheets of observations and questions. Technical analysis of the data use normality test, homogeneity, test the similarity of two average, and two different test average.The results showed  that the  improvement of learning outcomes learning physics class experiments using guided inquiry learning model is higher than the control class students. From the calculation, the value of t =  2.18 is higher than the value table = 2.02 at significance level α = 5%. Therefore, it can  concluded that the model of guided inquiry learning effect on learning outcomes physics eighth grade students of SMP N 4 Metro semester of academic year 2013/2014. The success of learning during the learning process using guided inquiry model of learning because students can more freely in finding the concept it self and can connect between the knowledge possessed by the results they found in the experiments, so that influenced on learning outcomes.

  19. Pengembangan Panduan Pelatihan Self Advocacy Siswa SMP

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    Hariadi Ahmad

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Individu sebagai makhluk sosial mempunyai dorongan untuk berintraksi, dalam interaksi sosial individu memerlukan keterampilan sosial yang baik. Self advocacy sebagai salah satu bagian keterampilan sosial sangat perlu diajarkan kepada siswa. Siswa merupakan individu yang sedang mengalami perubahan pisik, psikis, fase transisi, kebimbangan jati diri dan identitas diri. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan panduan pelatihan self advocacy siswa SMP, yang bertujuan meng-hasilkan panduan yang memenuhi akseptabilitas dan efektif meningkatkan self advocacy siswa SMP. Model pengembagan meggunakan model Borg & Gall (1983. Hasil uji ahli dan uji pengguna terhadap panduan telah memenuhi kriteria akseptabilitas, dari hasil pretest dan posttest siswa yang diukur dengan skala self advocacy menunjukkan peningkatan. Kata kunci : pengembangan, panduan pelatihan, self advocacy

  20. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SMP NEGERI 8 DAN SMP NEGERI 9 PURWOKERTO

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    Tutuk Ningsih

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan dan mendeskripsikan; (1 implementasi pendidikan karakter (IPK di SMP Negeri 8 dan SMP Negeri 9 Purwokerto; (2 peran kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa dalam IPK; dan (3 aktualisasi nilai-nilai karakter dalam IPK. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan kualitatif-naturalistik.Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah pengamatan partisipan, wawancara mendalam, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan model interaktif Miles dan Huberman. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditarik kesimpulan berikut ini. (1 Implementasi pendidikan karakter yang lakukan melalui pola kegiatan terpadu antara kegiatan intrakurikuler dan ektrakurikuler. (2 Implementasi pendidikan karakter yang dilakukan oleh kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa mempunyai peranan yang positif dalam pembentukan kultur sekolah yang berkarakter. Peran kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa dalam IPK diwujudkan dalam: (a peran kepala sekolah sebagai motivator, pemberi contoh keteladanan, pelindung, penggerak kegiatan, perancang kegiatan, pendorong, dan pembimbing; (b peran guru sebagai pendidik, pengasih, dan pengasuh; dan (c peran siswa sebagai subjek didik dan pelaksana kegiatan di sekolah. (3 Aktualisasi nilai-nilai karakter dalam IPK cenderung mengacu pada prinsip ABITA (Aku Bangga Indonesia Tanah Airku berbasis kebangsaan dan religius yang meliputi 18 nilai karakter, yaitu: (a nilai religius, (b kejujuran, (c demokratis, (d tanggungjawab, (e disiplin, (f peduli lingkungan, (g peduli sosial, (h kerja keras, (i mandiri, (j cinta tanah air, (k semangat kebangsaan, (l rasa ingin tahu, (m gemar membaca, (n menghargai prestasi, (o cinta damai, (p bersahabat/komunikatif, (q toleran, dan (r kreatif. (4 Terdapat persamaan dan perbedaan dalam IPK di kedua SMP tersebut, persamaannya adalah mengacu pada nilai-nilai yang ada pada prinsip ABITA, perbedaannya kalau di SMP Negeri 8 melaksanakan 12 nilai karakter dan kegiatan

  1. Communication Optimization for SMP Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林伟坚; 李志光; 陈文光; 郑纬民

    2001-01-01

    Shared Memory Processors (SMP) workstation clusters are becomingmore and more popular. To optimize communication between the workstations, a new graph partition problem was developed to schedule tasks in SMP clusters. The problem is NP-complete and a heuristic algorithm was developed based on Lee, Kim and Park's algorithm. Experimental results indicate that our algorithm outperforms theirs, especially when the number of partitions is large. This algorithm can be integrated in a parallelizing compiler as a back end optimizer for the distributed code generator.

  2. PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE STAD BERBANTUAN PEMETAAN PIKIRAN (MIND MAPPING TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN MENULIS TEKS BERITA SISWA KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI 1 PANTI

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    Ricci Gemarni Tatalia, M.Pd

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was generated from the problem of students’ ability in writing news texts ini class VIII, SMPN 1 Panti. Some of the problem were (1 lack of the students’ response towards news writing teaching and learning process, (2 lack of teacher’s creativity in designing interesting news sriting learning model, (3 no appropriate creative techniques applied by the teacher which could train the students to develop their skill in writing news texts and (4 lack of the students’ motivation in participating in teaching and learning process because of their lack of understanding in the elements of news. Thus, this study was aimed at escribing the effect of the students’ ability ini writing news texts in class VIII SMP N 1 Panti. This was a quantitative research with factorial 2x2 experimental design. The population was the students in class VIII SMPN 1 Panti. Sampling technique was done by using random sampling and the data was collected through test. The result of the study revealed that cooperative learning model with STAD mind mapping type affected the students’ ability in writing news texts

  3. Senescence Marker Protein-30 (SMP30 Deficiency Impairs Myocardium-Induced Dilation of Coronary Arterioles Associated with Reactive Oxygen Species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroyuki Mizukami

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30 decreases with aging. Mice with SMP30 deficiency, a model of aging, have a short lifespan with increased oxidant stress. To elucidate SMP30’s effect on coronary circulation derived from myocytes, we measured the changes in the diameter of isolated coronary arterioles in wild-type (WT mice exposed to supernatant collected from isolated paced cardiac myocytes from SMP30 KO or WT mice. Pacing increased hydrogen peroxide in myocytes, and hydrogen peroxide was greater in SMP30 KO myocytes compared to WT myocytes. Antimycin enhanced and FCCP (oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler in mitochondria decreased superoxide production in both groups. Addition of supernatant from stimulated myocytes, either SMP30 KO or WT, caused vasodilation. The degree of the vasodilation response to supernatant was smaller in SMP30 KO mice compared to WT mice. Administration of catalase to arterioles eliminated vasodilation in myocyte supernatant of WT mice and converted vasodilation to vasoconstriction in myocyte supernatant of SMP30 KO mice. This vasoconstriction was eliminated by olmesartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. Thus, SMP30 deficiency combined with oxidant stress increases angiotensin and hydrogen peroxide release from cardiac myocytes. SMP30 plays an important role in the regulation of coronary vascular tone by myocardium.

  4. Survivability Estimation Model for Clustered Wireless Sensor Network Based on SMP%基于SMP的分簇WSN生存性评估模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱世才; 王海涛; 吴连才; 闫力

    2014-01-01

    无线传感网( WSN)很适合用于战场侦察和应急通信等场合,增强WSN的生存能力并对其进行量化评估逐渐受到关注。本文提出一种基于半马尔可夫过程( SMP)的分簇WSN生存性评估模型,该模型在考虑应急通信中簇头生存状态的基础上建立了基于SMP的簇头生存状态转移图;结合网络生存性需求计算WSN的生存性效用函数,并定量分析了多种评价指标对网络生存能力的影响及其相关性;进而,利用该模型对采用SRPC协议和RLEACH协议的WSN生存能力进行了量化评估和比较分析。分析与验证结果表明,提出的生存性评估模型不仅可以对应急通信中WSN的生存能力进行客观有效的评估,还能对WSN的实际部署和应用提供参考依据。%Wireless sensor network is suitably applied in some occasions,such as battlefield scout and emergency com-munication,how to evaluate the survivability quantitatively has gradually attracted attention. A survivability estimation model of clustered WSN based on the semi-markov process is put forward in this paper. By considering the survival states of the cluster heads in emergency communication,the survivability states transition diagram of cluster heads is established based on the semi-markov process. Combining with network survivability requirements, the survivability effectiveness function of the entire network is calculated, and the influence and correlation of various evaluation indexes of network survivability is analyzed quantitatively. And then,using this model the survivability of the WSN running under SRPC protocol and RLEACH protocol is quantitatively evaluated. Analysis and simulation results show that,the model not only can be used to evaluate the survivability of WSN in emergency communication objectively and effectively,but can provide reference for the practical deployment and application of WSN.

  5. Model Pembelajaran Sains Berbasis Proses Kreatif-Inkuiri untuk Meningkatkan Berpikir Kreatif dan Pemahaman Konsep Siswa SMP

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    M. B. Panjaitan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to develop and describe science characteristics learning model based on Creative-Inquiry process to increase students’ creative thinking and understanding in SMPN Pematangsiantar. The learning model used Borg & Gall with One-Group Pretest Posttest Design. The data collection used validation method, observation, test, and questionnaire. The technique of data analysis used descriptive quantitative, qualitative, and non-parametric statistic. The research results are: 1The learning material has valid category, 2 Learning material from lesson plan implementation has practical category, 3The effectiveness of learning material is seen from Improving students’ learning achievement and Creative thinking ability through N-gain has high category. Result of non-parametric statistic analysis, namely: There isn’t difference and improvement of students’ creative thinking ability in SMPN P.siantar. Students’ responds in learning material implementation are very positive. The conclusion is science learning materials based on Creative-Inquiry process are valid, practical, and effective in SMPN Pematangsiantar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangakan dan mendeskripsikan karakteristik model pembelajaran sains berbasis proses kreatif-inkuiri untuk meningkatkan pemahaman dan berpikir kreatif siswa di SMPN. Model pembelajaran menggunakan model Borg & Gall dengan One-Group Pretest Posttest Design. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode validasi, observasi, tes, dan angket. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif, kualitatif, uji statistik non-parametrik. Hasil penelitian adalah: 1 perangkat pembelajaran berkategori tinggi, 2 perangkat pembelajaran ditinjau dari pelaksaan RPP berkategori tinggi, 3 keefektifan perangkat pembelajaran dilihat dari peningkatan hasil belajar siswa dan kemampuan berpikir kreatif siswa melalui N-gain berkategori tinggi. Hasil dari analisa uji statistik non-parametrik adalah

  6. Integrating Parallelizing Compilation Technologies for SMP Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Bing Feng; Li Chen; Yi-Ran Wang; Xiao-Mi An; Lin Ma; Chun-Lei Sang; Zhao-Qing Zhang

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, a source to source parallelizing complier system, AutoPar, is presentd. The system transforms FORTRAN programs to multi-level hybrid MPI/OpenMP parallel programs. Integrated parallel optimizing technologies are utilized extensively to derive an effective program decomposition in the whole program scope. Other features such as synchronization optimization and communication optimization improve the performance scalability of the generated parallel programs, from both intra-node and inter-node. The system makes great effort to boost automation of parallelization.Profiling feedback is used in performance estimation which is the basis of automatic program decomposition. Performance results for eight benchmarks in NPB1.0 from NAS on an SMP cluster are given, and the speedup is desirable. It is noticeable that in the experiment, at most one data distribution directive and a reduction directive are inserted by the user in BT/SP/LU. The compiler is based on ORC, Open Research Compiler. ORC is a powerful compiler infrastructure, with such features as robustness, flexibility and efficiency. Strong analysis capability and well-defined infrastructure of ORC make the system implementation quite fast.

  7. EFEKTIFITAS MODEL PEMBELAJARAN NUMBERED HEAD TOGETHER (NHT TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR MATERI PAJAK DALAM PEREKONOMIAN NASIONAL SISWA KELAS VIII SMP N 39 SEMARANG

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    Julia Ratma Wardani

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan merupakan media yang sangat berperan untuk menciptakan manusia yang berkualitas, Keberhasilan proses belajar mengajar pada pembelajaran dapat dilihat dari keberhasilan siswa yang mengikuti kegiatan tersebut. Akan tetapi pada kenyataannya di SMP N 39 Semarang hasil belajar mata pelajaran ekonomi belum optimal. Beberapa kelas masih banyak terdapat siswa yang tidak tuntas hasil belajarnya. Jumlah rata-rata siswa yang tuntas berjumlah 56,27%, sedangkan jumlah rata-rata siswa yang belum tuntas berjumlah 43,73%, sehingga perlu adanya peningkatan hasil belajar yang lebih maksimal. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan dalam pembelajaran tersebut salah satunya dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran yang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kualitas pembelajaran, maka diterapkan model pembelajaran NHT (Numbered Head Together. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penerapan model pembelajaran Numbered Head Together dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar IPS Ekonomi pokok bahasan Pajak dalam Perekonomian Nasional dibandingkan metode ceramah.Proses pembelajaran adalah faktor yang sangat penting dalam menentukan keberhasilan hasil belajar, akan tetapi proses pembelajaran masih didominasi oleh guru dengan metode ceramah satu arah yang memposisikan peserta didik hanya sebagai pendengar tanpa dilibatkan dalam interaksi pembelajaran, sehingga siswa tidak tertarik untuk mengikuti kegiatan pembelajaran. Oleh sebab itu dibutuhkan solusi metode pembelajaran yang menarik dan dapat meningkatkan motivasi belajar siswa sehingga keaktifan dan hasil belajar dapat meningkat. Hasil penelitian menunjukan terjadinya peneingkatan hasil belajar siswa pada setiap siklusnya seperti: hasil belajar siswa pada siklus I sebesar 77,1%, hasil belajar pada siklus II sebesar 91,4%. Ketuntsan belajar pada siklus I belum mencapai indikator kinerja penelitian sedangkan pada siklus II ketuntasan belajar sudah mencapai indikator kinerja penelitian. Aktivitas siswa mengalami peningkatan pada setiap

  8. PERANAN SIARAN TELEVISI EDUKASI DALAM MENDUKUNG TERCIPTANYA SUMBER DAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR BAGI SISWA SMP DI YOGYAKARTA

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    Muhammad Ragil Kurniawan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap peranan siaran televisi edukasi (TVe sebagai sumber belajar dan motivasi belajar bagi siswa SMP di Kodya Yogyakarta. Penelitian menggunakan metode gabungan (mixed method yaitu penelitian kuantitatif jenis survei diikuti dengan penelitian kualitatif. Pengumpulan data kuantitatif dilakukan dengan menggunakan angket. Sedangkan pengumpulan data kualitatif menggunakan metode wawancara mendalam dan observasi. Data kuantitatif dianalisis menggunakan analisis deskriptif, sedangkan data kualitatif dianalisis menggunakan model Miles dan Huberman. Populasi penelitian adalah 17 SMP di Kodya Yogyakarta. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 Siaran TV Edukasi belum memberikan peran yang signifikan dalam meningkatkan sumber belajar bagi siswa SMP di Kodya Yogyakarta. (2 Siaran TV Edukasi belum berperan yang signifikan dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar bagi siswa SMP di Kodya Yogyakarta. Kata kunci: televisi edukasi (TVe, sumber belajar, motivasi belajar.

  9. SMP Bladder Tooling for Manufacturing Composites Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — CRG's shape memory polymer (SMP) Bladder Tooling is a cutting-edge manufacturing technology that can meet the manufacturing needs of the Ares launch vehicles. This...

  10. Harnessing the power of the new SMP cluster architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, S E; Cohen, R H; Curtis, B C; Dannevik, W P; Dimits, A M; Dinge, D; Eliason, D E; Hodsons, S; Jacobs, M; Mirin, A A; Porter, D H; Ruwart, T; Synne, I; Winkler, K; Woodward, P R

    1999-06-16

    In 1993, members of our team collaborated with Silicon Graphics to perform the first full-scale demonstration of the computational power of the SMP cluster supercomputer architecture. That demonstration involved the simulation of homogeneous, compressible turbulence on a uniform grid of a billion cells, using our PPM gas dynamics code. This computation was embarrassingly parallel, the ideal test case, and it achieved only 4.9 Gflop/s performance, slightly over half that achievable by this application on the most expensive supercomputers of that day. After four to five solid days of computation, when the prototype machine had to be dismantled, the simulation was only about 20% completed. Nevertheless, this computation gave us important new insights into compressible turbulence and also into a powerful new mode of cost-effective, commercially sustainable supercomputing [S]. In the intervening 6 years, the SMP cluster architecture has become a fundamental strategy for several large supercomputer centers in the US, including the DOE's ASCI centers at Los Alamos National Laboratory and at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the NSF's center NCSA at the University of Illinois. This SMP cluster architecture now underlies product offerings at the high-end of performance from SGI, IBM, and HP, among others. Nevertheless, despite many successes, it is our opinion that the computational science community is only now beginning to exploit the full promise of these new computing platforms. In this paper, we will briefly discuss two key architectural issues, vector computing and the flat multiprocessor architecture, which continue to drive spirited discussions among computational scientists, and then we will describe the hierarchical shared memory programming paradigm that we feel is best suited to the creative use of SMP cluster systems. Finally, we will give examples of recent large-scale simulations carried out by our team on these kinds of systems and

  11. MENAKAR HASIL PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER TERINTEGRASI DI SMP

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    Gendon Barus

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi keterlaksanaan pendidikan karakter terintegrasi di SMP dan mengukur capaian hasilnya. Pelaksanaan pendidikan karakter terintegrasi pada lima kota di Indonesia belum menunjukkan hasil yang menggembirakan. Selain berhenti hanya pada tataran kognitif, muatan nilai-nilai karakter yang diintegrasikan ke berbagai mata pelajaran sifatnya hanya “tempelan”, sekadar ditulis di Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran, tanpa eksplisitasi kongkret dalam pelaksanaan. Sebagian besar guru mata pelajaran yang dititipi muatan pendidikan karakter secara terintegrasi mengalami keterbatasan kemampuan mendeskripsikan, mengaktualisasikan, dan membumikan pelaksanaan misi itu. Pada sisi lain, kehadiran dan peran konselor yang secara khusus dibekali untuk peran transmitter pendidikan “hati” (pendidikan karakter tidak dilibatkan sama sekali, sebagaimana tampak pada sebagian besar SMP di Indonesia tidak menyediakan jam layanan bimbingan klasikal. Gagasan penelitian ini diharapkan menginspirasi kerangka kerja ditemukannya model alternatif pendidikan karakter yang berorientasi pada terbangunnya kemitraan-kolaboratif profesional antara konselor/Guru BK dengan guru mata pelajaran dalam implementasi pendidikan karakter di sekolah. Kata Kunci: pendidikan karakter, bimbingan klasikal, peran konselor MEASURING THE RESULT OFTHE INTEGRATED CHARACTER EDUCATION IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS Abstract: This study was aimed to evaluate the implementation of the character education in Junior High School and to measure the result. The implementation of integrated character education in Junior High School in several cities in Indonesia has not shown satisfactory result. It was only at the cognitive level. The contents of character values integrated into a variety of subjects were just like "patches". They are only written in a lesson plan, without realization in the implementation. Most of the subject teachers who are entrusted with the content

  12. MODEL PENGASUHAN ANALISIS TRANSAKSIONAL (AT UNTUK MENANGGULANGI PENYIMPANGAN PERILAKU SEKSUAL DI KALANGAN REMAJA KABUPATEN BULELENG (Studi pada Sekolah SMP/SMA yang Memiliki Siswa Terindikasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gede Sedanayasa

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian tahun pertama ini, bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi harapan orang tua terhadap remaja dan harapan remaja terhadap orang tua.  Harapan dua pihak ini dijadikan bahan analisis transaksi pengasuhan orang tua dalam keluarga. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa-siswa SMP/SMA dan orang tua yang anak-anaknya terindikasi melakukan perilaku seksual menyimpang pada lima sekolah di Kabupaten Buleleng. Data  dikumpulkan dengan pencatatan dokumen, kuesioner, dan wawancara. Data  dianalisis dengan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan  bahwa,   remaja dan orang tua sama-sama memiliki harapan yang baik untuk keberlangsungan perkembangan keluarga hanya,  kedua pihak  tidak saling  memahami harapan masing-masing. Pihak remaja misalnya, mengharapkan agar orang tua dapat memenuhi kebutuhan sekolah secara layak dan ikhlas, dapat membimbing perkembangannya termasuk membantu memecahkan masalah belajar, sedangkan orang tua berharap agar remaja berperilaku hormat, tidak melecehkan orang tua, tidak membantah, patuh aturan keluarga dan sekolah, dan  meminta maaf jika keliru. Disarankan kepada ke dua pihak  (remaja dan orang tua untuk saling memahami keadaan masing-masing. Dari pihak remaja, dalam mengharapkan sesuatu tidak memaksakan kehendak, dan sebaliknya orang tua tetap memandang remaja sebagai individu yang berkembang, butuh perhatian dan penghargaan, sehingga memperlakukannya secara manusiawi.

  13. Conserved SMP domains of the ERMES complex bind phospholipids and mediate tether assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    AhYoung, Andrew P; Jiang, Jiansen; Zhang, Jiang; Khoi Dang, Xuan; Loo, Joseph A; Zhou, Z Hong; Egea, Pascal F

    2015-06-23

    Membrane contact sites (MCS) between organelles are proposed as nexuses for the exchange of lipids, small molecules, and other signals crucial to cellular function and homeostasis. Various protein complexes, such as the endoplasmic reticulum-mitochondrial encounter structure (ERMES), function as dynamic molecular tethers between organelles. Here, we report the reconstitution and characterization of subcomplexes formed by the cytoplasm-exposed synaptotagmin-like mitochondrial lipid-binding protein (SMP) domains present in three of the five ERMES subunits--the soluble protein Mdm12, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident membrane protein Mmm1, and the mitochondrial membrane protein Mdm34. SMP domains are conserved lipid-binding domains found exclusively in proteins at MCS. We show that the SMP domains of Mdm12 and Mmm1 associate into a tight heterotetramer with equimolecular stoichiometry. Our 17-Å-resolution EM structure of the complex reveals an elongated crescent-shaped particle in which two Mdm12 subunits occupy symmetric but distal positions at the opposite ends of a central ER-anchored Mmm1 homodimer. Rigid body fitting of homology models of these SMP domains in the density maps reveals a distinctive extended tubular structure likely traversed by a hydrophobic tunnel. Furthermore, these two SMP domains bind phospholipids and display a strong preference for phosphatidylcholines, a class of phospholipids whose exchange between the ER and mitochondria is essential. Last, we show that the three SMP-containing ERMES subunits form a ternary complex in which Mdm12 bridges Mmm1 to Mdm34. Our findings highlight roles for SMP domains in ERMES assembly and phospholipid binding and suggest a structure-based mechanism for the facilitated transport of phospholipids between organelles.

  14. Acidez potencial pelo método do pH SMP no Estado do Amazonas Potential acidity by pH SMP method in Amazonas State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adônis Moreira

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi definir um modelo matemático que estime o H+Al a partir do pH SMP medido em água e em solução de CaCl2 0,01 mol L-1 nas condições edafoclimáticas locais. Foram utilizadas 246 amostras de solo provenientes de diversas localidades. Mesmo apresentando menor coeficiente da correlação (r = 0,89*, a equação H+Al = 30,646 - 3,848pH SMP obtida em H2O foi mais eficiente que a obtida em solução CaCl2 (H+Al = 30,155 - 3,834pH SMP, r = 0,91*, a qual subestima os valores da acidez potencial.The objective of this work was to determine a mathematic model that estimates the potential acidity with pH SMP measured in water and in solution of CaCl2 0.01 mol L-1. Two hundred and forty six soil samples from several localities were utilized. Despite presenting a lower correlation coefficient (r = 0.89*, the equation H+Al = 30.646 - 3.848pH SMP, obtained in H2O, was more efficient than in the CaCl2 solution (H+Al = 30.155 -3.834pH SMP, r = 0.91*, since this last one underestimates the values of the potential acidity.

  15. PENGGUNAAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROBLEM BASED INSTRUCTION (PBI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN DAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS 9B SEMESTER GASAL TAHUN PELAJARAN 2014/2015 SMP NEGERI 2 TUNTANG - SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Muah

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian tindakan kelas ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keaktifan dan hasil belajar matematika siswa pada materi peluang dengan penerapan model pembelajaran PBI bagi kelas 9B Semester Gasal SMP Negeri 2 Tuntang Kabupaten Semarang. Hasil penelitian kondisi awal menggunakan wawancara, observasi dan analisis butir soal, siswa kelas 9B ini memiliki keaktifan belajar yang kurang, kemudian berdampak pada hasil belajar siswa rendah juga. Berdasarkan kondisi awal tersebut, perlu dilakukan penelitian tindakan kelas untuk meningkatkan keaktifan belajar dan hasil belajar matematika siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK dengan mengetahui model prosedur penelitian yang dikembangkan oleh Kemmis dan Mc Taggart berupa model penelitian yang spiral yang pada umumnya direncanakan terdiri dari dua siklus. Setiap siklus terdiri dari empat tahap yaitu: 1 tahap pelaksanaan tindakan (planning, 2 tahap pelaksanaan tindakan (acting, 3 tahap pengamatan (observing, dan 4 tahap refleksi (reflecting. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas 9B SMP Negeri 2 Tuntang yang terdiri dari 32 orang siswa. Data diperoleh melalui tes kognitif dan lembar observasi siswa. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa model pembelajaran PBI dapat meningkatkan keaktifan belajar dan hasil belajar matematika siswa. Hal ini ditunjukan dengan hasil wawancara dan observasi yang dilakukan sebelum penelitian ini dilakukan dimana keaktifan belajar siswa secara individu 14% dan keaktifan belajar siswa secara kelompok 50% dan hasil belajar matematika siswa pada materi sebelumnya juga menunjukkan hasil belajar yang rendah dimana dari 32 siswa 6.25% siswa mendapatkan nilai tuntas dengan rata-rata 34,3. Setelah dilakukan tindakan pada siklus I, terjadi peningkatan terhadap keaktifan belajar dan hasil belajar matematika. Lembar observasi pada siklus I menunjukkan keaktifan siswa secara individu meningkat menjadi 27.4% dan keaktifan belajar siswa secara kelompok 65% dan

  16. tmRNA-SmpB: a journey to the centre of the bacterial ribosome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weis, Félix; Bron, Patrick; Giudice, Emmanuel; Rolland, Jean-Paul; Thomas, Daniel; Felden, Brice; Gillet, Reynald

    2010-11-17

    Ribosomes mediate protein synthesis by decoding the information carried by messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and catalysing peptide bond formation between amino acids. When bacterial ribosomes stall on incomplete messages, the trans-translation quality control mechanism is activated by the transfer-messenger RNA bound to small protein B (tmRNA-SmpB ribonucleoprotein complex). Trans-translation liberates the stalled ribosomes and triggers degradation of the incomplete proteins. Here, we present the cryo-electron microscopy structures of tmRNA-SmpB accommodated or translocated into stalled ribosomes. Two atomic models for each state are proposed. This study reveals how tmRNA-SmpB crosses the ribosome and how, as the problematic mRNA is ejected, the tmRNA resume codon is placed onto the ribosomal decoding site by new contacts between SmpB and the nucleotides upstream of the tag-encoding sequence. This provides a structural basis for the transit of the large tmRNA-SmpB complex through the ribosome and for the means by which the tmRNA internal frame is set for translation to resume.

  17. UPAYA MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA MELALUI LAYANAN PENGUASAAN KONTEN DI SMP NEGERI 1 METRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Pranoto

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian difokuskan pada : Upaya meningkatkan motivasi belajar melalui layanan penguasaan konten peserta didik kelas VII.4 SMP Negeri 1 Metro Semester Ganjil Tabun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Rumusan masalahnnya adalab, apakab layanan penguasaan konten dapat meningkatkan motivasi belajar peserta didik kelas VII.4 SMP N egeri 1 Metro Semester Ganjil Tabun Pelajaran 20 12/20 13, bagaimana aktivitas dan respon peserta didik kelas VIl.4 SMP Negeri 1 Metro Semester Ganjil Tabun Pelajaran 2012/2013 terhadap layanan penguasaan konten dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar. Tujuan yang hendak dicapai oleh peneliti, yaitu ingin mengetabui hasil pelaksanaan layanan penguasaan konten dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar peserta didik kelas VII.4 SMP Negeri 1 Metro Semester Ganjil Tabun Pelajaran 2011/2013, layanan penguasaan konten dapat meningkatkan motivasi belajar peserta didik kelas VIT.4 SMP Negeri 1 Metro Semester Ganjil Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Respon peserta didik kelas VII.4 SMP Negeri 1 Metro Semester Ganjil Tabun Pelajaran 201212013 terhadap layanan penguasaan konten dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar.Desain penelitian menggunakan action research yang diterapkan dalam layanan bimbingan konseling (penelitian tindak layanan. Subjek dalam penelitian ini, peneliti mengambil peserta didik kelas VII.4 SMP Negeri 1 Metro Semester Ganjil Tabun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Dari 24 peserta didik terdapat 10 peserta didik yang mengalami kurangnya motivasi belajar 41,66%. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengumpulan data dengan metode observasi dan catatan lapangan. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis data kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Uji validitas dilakukan melalui penilaian pakar/ahli yaitu guru bimbingan konseling SMP Negeri 1 Metro, ternan sejawat yaitu dilakukan diskusi instrument dengan ternan mahasiswa FKIP dengan program studi bimbingan konseling. Hasil dari penelitian ini, maka dapat disimpulkan babwa hasil yang diperoleh melalui pelaksanaan layanan pengusaan

  18. Tingkat Adaptasi Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Menghadapi Situasi dalam Pengambilan Keputusan Strategik: Studi di SMP Kota Semarang 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arief Yulianto

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengatahui karakteristik kepemimpinan Kepala SMP dalam melakukan adaptasi dengan lingkungan kerja dan Mengetahui peran serta yang diberikan seluruh anggota sekolah dalam pengambilan keputusan strategis kepada Kepala SMP.Sasaran studi ini dipilih berdasarkan teknik representative purposive sampling, yaitu  sebanyak 16 SMP di kota Semarang serta dengan purposive (syarat yaitu telah menerapkan MBS . Model analisis data yang dilakukan adalah dengan menggunakan model LASI (Leadership Adaptability and Style Inventory. Pembahasan Analisis Situasional. Pada pembahasan ini adalah mengenai deskripsi gaya kepemimpinan Kepala SMP terkait dengan lingkungan yang ada di lingkungannya. Indikator pada gaya kepemimpinan ini adalah tingkat penyelesaian pekerjaan (perilaku tugas serta hubungan personal dan organisasi (interaksional baik secara individu maupun kelompok. Dari hasil data primer yang didapat, sesuai dengan 12 situasi dalam variabel LASI. Pembahasan Analisis Situasiona .Pada pembahasan ini adalah mengenai deskripsi gaya kepemimpinan Kepala SMP terkait dengan lingkungan yang ada di lingkungannya. Indikator pada gaya kepemimpinan ini adalah tingkat penyelesaian pekerjaan (perilaku tugas serta hubungan personal dan organisasi (interaksional baik secara individu maupun kelompok. Dari hasil data primer yang didapat, sesuai dengan 12 situasi dalam variabel LASI maka dapat diinterpresikan sebagai berikut Kata Kunci: Kepemimpinan Adaptif, Model LASI,MBS

  19. Programming Models in HPC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shipman, Galen M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-06-13

    These are the slides for a presentation on programming models in HPC, at the Los Alamos National Laboratory's Parallel Computing Summer School. The following topics are covered: Flynn's Taxonomy of computer architectures; single instruction single data; single instruction multiple data; multiple instruction multiple data; address space organization; definition of Trinity (Intel Xeon-Phi is a MIMD architecture); single program multiple data; multiple program multiple data; ExMatEx workflow overview; definition of a programming model, programming languages, runtime systems; programming model and environments; MPI (Message Passing Interface); OpenMP; Kokkos (Performance Portable Thread-Parallel Programming Model); Kokkos abstractions, patterns, policies, and spaces; RAJA, a systematic approach to node-level portability and tuning; overview of the Legion Programming Model; mapping tasks and data to hardware resources; interoperability: supporting task-level models; Legion S3D execution and performance details; workflow, integration of external resources into the programming model.

  20. Requirement of the RNA-binding protein SmpB during intracellular growth of Listeria monocytogenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mraheil, Mobarak Abu; Frantz, Renate; Teubner, Lisa; Wendt, Heiko; Linne, Uwe; Wingerath, Jessica; Wirth, Thomas; Chakraborty, Trinad

    2017-04-01

    Bacterial trans-translation is the main quality control mechanism employed to relieve stalled ribosomes. Trans-translation is mediated by the small protein B (SmpB) and transfer-mRNA (tmRNA) ribonucleoprotein complex, which interacts with translational complexes stalled at the 3' end of non-stop mRNAs to release the stalled ribosomes thereby targeting the nascent polypeptides and truncated mRNAs for degradation. The trans-translation system exists with a few exceptions in all bacteria. In the present study, we assessed the contribution of SmpB to the growth and virulence of Listeria monocytogenes, a human intracellular food-borne pathogen that colonizes host tissues to cause severe invasive infections. A smpB knockout significantly decreased the intracellular growth rate of L. monocytogenes during infection of murine macrophages. In addition, the mutant strain was attenuated for virulence when examined with the Galleria mellonella larvae killing assay and the organ colonisation model of mice following infection. Proteomic analysis of whole cell extracts of ΔsmpB deletion mutant revealed elevated protein levels of several proteins involved in ribosome assembly and interaction with tRNA substrates. These included the elongation factor Tu [EF-Tu] which promotes the GTP-dependent binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to the A-site of ribosomes during protein biosynthesis as well as the CysK which is known to interact with bacterial toxins that cleave tRNA substrates. The data presented here shed light on the role of SmpB and trans-translation during intracellular growth of L. monocytogenes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  1. Modeling EERE deployment programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cort, K. A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hostick, D. J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Belzer, D. B. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Livingston, O. V. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2007-11-01

    The purpose of the project was to identify and characterize the modeling of deployment programs within the EERE Technology Development (TD) programs, address possible improvements to the modeling process, and note gaps in knowledge for future research.

  2. Learning Model of Unggah-Ungguh Basa Oriented to Noble Behavior in SMP (Junior High School) Jawa Timur (East Java) Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudikan, Setya Yuwana

    2017-01-01

    Learning problem of "unggah-ungguh basa", is very complicated. It is needed reorientation and re-setting the approaches, strategies, methods, techniques, and learning contents that can give rise to a new model of learning of "unggah-ungguh basa" oriented to the character formation of children, especially in Jawa Timur. In…

  3. PENGARUH MODEL ACTIVE LEARNING BERBANTUAN MEDIA FLASH TERHADAP PEMAHAMAN KONSEP DAN AKTIVITAS BELAJAR SISWA SMP KELAS VII PADA TEMA KALOR DAN PERPINDAHANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bagus Addin Hutomo

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak ____________________________________________________________________ Telah dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model active learning berbantuan media flash terhadap pemahaman konsep dan aktivitas belajar siswa pada tema kalor dan perpindahannya. Jenis penelitian ini yaitu quasi experiment dengan desain non-equivalent control group design. Sampel diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah kelas VII C (kelas eksperimen dan VII A (kelas kontrol SMPN 1 Ungaran. Data diambil dengan metode tes (pemahaman konsep dan observasi (aktivitas belajar siswa.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata pemahaman konsep (posttest kelas eksperimen (87,22 lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol (75,83. Besarnya rata-rata aktivitas belajar siswa kelas eksperimen (83,90 juga lebih besar daripada kelas kontrol (76,28. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan model active learning berbantuan media flash pada tema kalor dan perpindahannya berpengaruh positif terhadap pemahaman konsep siswa sebesar 54,06 % dengan nilai koefisen korelasi sebesar 0,74 (kategori kuat dan berpengaruh positif terhadap aktivitas belajar siswa sebesar 85,54 % dengan nilai koefisen korelasi sebesar 0,92 (kategori sangat kuat.   Abstract Studies have been conducted to determine the effect of active learning model of flash media aided the understanding of concepts and learning activities of students on the theme of heat and displacement. This type of research is a quasi-experimental design with non-equivalent control group design. The sample was taken by purposive sampling technique. The sample in this research is class VII C (experimental class and VII A (control group SMPN 1 Ungaran. Data taken with test method (understanding of the concept and observation (student activity. The results showed that the average understanding of the concept (posttest experimental class (87.22 higher than the control class (75.83. The average size

  4. Meningkatkan Ketuntasan Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik Kelas VIII-F SMP Negeri 33 Surabaya Melalui Penerapan Model Pengajaran Langsung Dengan Kegiatan Laboratorium Mini Pada Materi Pembentukan Harga Pasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mudjianingsih .

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan latar belakang masih banyak kesulitan  yang ditemui peserta didik dalam mempelajari IPS. Berdasarkan observasi yang telah dilakukan, pembelajaran di kelas VIII-F SMPN 33 Surabaya menggunakan metode ceramah dan tanya jawab. Penerapan metode ini menjadikan peserta didik hanya sebagai obyek belajar, peserta didik yang duduk di belakang cenderung pasif dan kemungkinan hasil belajarnya tidak tuntas. Untuk mengatasi pemasalahan tersebut peneliti mengunakan model pengajaran langsung dengan kegiatan praktikum. Kegiatan praktikum ini merupakan bagian pengetahuan prosedural. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas dengan tahapan  berupa rancangan, kegiatan dan pengamatan, refleksi dan revisi. Penelitian ini terdiri dari 3 putaran. Data penelitian diambil dengan menggunakan lembar observasi dan tes yang dilakukan pada bulan Maret s/d April 2013. Berdasarkan analisis data diperoleh informasi tentang keterampilan guru dalam pengelolaan model pengajaran langsung pada putaran I sampai putaran III mengalami peningkatan dari kriteria kurang baik menjadi baik. Keterampilan psikomotor peserta didik pada aspek transaksi pada putaran I mencapai skor 2,6 (kategori baik, sedangkan putaran II mencapai 2,4 (kategori kurang baik, hal ini peserta didik kurang serius pada saat melakukan kegiatan dan pengamatan, kemudian pada putaran III meningkat menjadi 3,8 (kategori sangat baik. Keterampilan afektif peserta didik dalam bertanya/ mengemukakan pendapat pada putaran I mencapai 2,8 (kategori baik, sedangkan putaran II menurun mencapai 2,4 (kategori kurang baik, dan putaran III mengalami peningkatan menjadi 3,3 (kategori sangat baik. Hasil belajar peserta didik sudah mencapai standar ketuntasan di sekolah. Pada putaran I ketuntasan belajar 70%, putaran II mencapai 91,06% sedangkan putaran III mencapai 88,62%. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa hasil belajar peserta didik sudah mencapai standar ketuntasan belajar di sekolah

  5. Modeling EERE Deployment Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cort, K. A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hostick, D. J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Belzer, D. B. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Livingston, O. V. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2007-11-01

    This report compiles information and conclusions gathered as part of the “Modeling EERE Deployment Programs” project. The purpose of the project was to identify and characterize the modeling of deployment programs within the EERE Technology Development (TD) programs, address possible improvements to the modeling process, and note gaps in knowledge in which future research is needed.

  6. Los Alamos Programming Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergen, Benjamin Karl [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-07-07

    This is the PDF of a powerpoint presentation from a teleconference on Los Alamos programming models. It starts by listing their assumptions for the programming models and then details a hierarchical programming model at the System Level and Node Level. Then it details how to map this to their internal nomenclature. Finally, a list is given of what they are currently doing in this regard.

  7. Pengelolaan Pembelajaran Biologi di SMP Negeri 1 Boyolali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anis Arimpi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The reseach’s purposes are (1 to describe the characteristics of biology learning plan at SMP Negeri 1 Boyolali, (2 to describe the characteristics of biology learning process at SMP negeri 1 Boyolali, (3 to describe the characteristics of evaluation of biology learning process at SMP Negeri 1 Boyolali. This is a descriptive qualitative research which is carried out at SMPN 1 Boyolali. The subjects of the reseacrh are the principal, biology teacher and student of SMPN 1 Boyolali. Data collection technique used in this research are observation, interview and documentation. Data analysis technique used are data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion.In this reseach, the validity of the data consists of credibility, reliability, and objectivity.The result of this research are (1 the characteristic of biology learning plan at SMP Negeri 1 Boyolali is started by arranging syllabus, followed by arranging annual plan, semester plan, and lesson plan.(2 the characteristic of biology learning process at SMP negeri 1 Boyolali is started by doing aperception, and carried out with some learning methods which are able to increase the learning achievement. The methods use are tutorial, discusion, demonstration, CTL and task giving teaching aids used in the biology lesson are LCD, computer, worksheet which of course, match the teaching material given (3 characteristic evaluation at SMP 1 Boyolali carried out in the form of daily test, mid semester test, semester test, and practice result of the student.

  8. 基于SMP准则的破裂岩统计损伤软化模型及其应用研究%STATISTICAL DAMAGE SOFTENING MODEL OF FRACTURED ROCK BASED ON SMP FAILURE CRITERION AND ITS APPLICATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建明; 程海峰; 姚仰平

    2013-01-01

    岩石材料是一种非均质材料,而破裂岩是指岩体内部含有大量的裂隙、空洞、界面等缺陷,在荷载作用下其微元体破坏更具有随机性。在损伤理论的基础上,从微元体的强度随机分布的角度出发,在微元体强度度量方法上考虑损伤阈值的影响,假设破裂岩的微元体强度服从Weibull分布,结合考虑中主应力的SMP准则,建立破裂岩统计损伤软化本构模型,运用多种计算方法对模型参数m和F0进行确定。通过对小官庄铁矿2种破裂岩闪长玢岩以及矽卡岩的验证表明:在不同围压下,全应力-应变试验曲线与预测曲线吻合良好,能够反映损伤阈值的影响,且在较低围压下更为理想。同时,此模型能够反映随着围压的增加岩石的峰值强度增加而延性增大的性质,进一步验证模型的适用性及较强的应用价值。%The rock material is a kind of non-homogeneous material and there are a large number of defects such as fissures,voids,interfaces in the broken rock. Its micro units damage more randomness under the loads. Starting from micro units strength are random distribution on the basis of damage theory,a method for measuring microcosmic element strength of rock is presented with consideration of damage threshold. Assuming the micro units strength of broken rock obey Weibull distribution,combined with the SMP criterion,which considers the intermediate principal stress,the statistical damage softening constitutive model is built. And the model parameters m and F0 are computed using some methods. Through the calculation results of two kinds of broken rock in Xiaoguanzhuang indicate that:the predicted stress-strain curves under different confining pressures agree well with the test data,and it can reflect not only the influence of damage threshold but also more desirable in the lower confining pressures. At the same time,this model can reflect the characteristic that the

  9. ANALISIS BELIEF MATEMATIK SISWA TINGKAT SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wulan Izzatul Himmah

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to describe grade VII students’ mathematics beliefs, and to know its affect towards students’ problem solving skill. This is a descriptive study with combination of kuantitative and cualitative approach which carried out students of grade VIII SMP Eka Sakti. Data was obtained by quisioner, interview, and test. The result shows that (1 percentage of students mathematics beliefs belongs to very high, high, low, and very low level simultaneously is 12,82%, 74,36%, 12,82%, and 0%; (2 beliefs in math education 71,79%, 17,95%, 10,26%, and 0,00%; (3 belief in  41,03%, 46,15%,  12,82%, and 0,00%; (4 beliefs in social context is 17,95%, 12,82 %, 69,23%, dan 0,00%; (5 correlation coefficient between mathematics belief and problem solving skill is 0,531 with contribution as much as 28,2%. Thus students’ mathematics beliefs affect students’ problem solving skill and each student has different level of mathematics belief. Keywords: mathematics belief, problem solving skill.

  10. Multiparametric investigation of competitive and noncompetitive sorption characteristics of SMP fractions (carbohydrate and protein) on activated carbon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dizge, Nadir; Tansel, Berrin

    2011-01-30

    Sorption characteristics of soluble microbial products (SMPs) as carbohydrate and protein on activated carbon were investigated. Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the sorption kinetics and the equilibrium conditions. The parameters studied included initial SMP concentration (50-200mg/L), activated carbon dosage (0.25-50 g/L), contact time (0.02-4h), particle size of activated carbon used (5-75 μm, 75-850 μm, and 850-1000 μm), and presence of one or both SMP fractions. The equilibrium sorption of carbohydrate and protein were significantly affected by the presence of the second SMP fraction in the solutions. Adsorption isotherms were expressed by the Langmuir and Freundlich models. The adsorption rates under noncompetitive and competitive conditions were analyzed with kinetics-based Lagergren pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order models; and diffusion-based external diffusion and Weber-Morris intraparticle models. Both SMP fractions were removed effectively, however, sorption of protein was significantly better than that of carbohydrate in all cases. The relatively significant effect of particle size on sorption of protein indicates that protein is most likely adsorbed as a single layer on the carbon surface. For the carbohydrate, the increase in particle size did not decrease the sorption significantly indicating that carbohydrate may be adsorbed in multiple layers or may diffuse into the porous matrix more effectively.

  11. Modeling EERE Deployment Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cort, Katherine A.; Hostick, Donna J.; Belzer, David B.; Livingston, Olga V.

    2007-11-08

    The purpose of this report is to compile information and conclusions gathered as part of three separate tasks undertaken as part of the overall project, “Modeling EERE Deployment Programs,” sponsored by the Planning, Analysis, and Evaluation office within the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The purpose of the project was to identify and characterize the modeling of deployment programs within the EERE Technology Development (TD) programs, address improvements to modeling in the near term, and note gaps in knowledge where future research is needed.

  12. Introducing Program Evaluation Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca GÂRBOAN

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Programs and project evaluation models can be extremely useful in project planning and management. The aim is to set the right questions as soon as possible in order to see in time and deal with the unwanted program effects, as well as to encourage the positive elements of the project impact. In short, different evaluation models are used in order to minimize losses and maximize the benefits of the interventions upon small or large social groups. This article introduces some of the most recently used evaluation models.

  13. Hybrid Parallel Bidirectional Sieve based on SMP Cluster

    CERN Document Server

    Liao, Gang; Liu, Lei

    2012-01-01

    In this article, hybrid parallel bidirectional sieve method is implemented by SMP Cluster, the individual computational units joined together by the communication network, are usually shared-memory systems with one or more multicore processor. To high-efficiency optimization, we propose average divide data into nodes, generating double-ended queues (deque) for sieve method that are able to exploit dual-cores simultaneously start sifting out primes from the head and tail.And each node create a FIFO queue as dynamic data buffer to ache temporary data from another nodes send to. The approach obtains huge speedup and efficiency on SMP Cluster.

  14. Targeting BSP Library for SMP Cluster%BSP库在SMP机群上的高效实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董景毅; 丁俊; 孟睿; 童维勤

    2001-01-01

    Using commodity SMPs (shared memory processors) to build cluster-based supercomputer has become a mainstream trend. Yet programming this kind of supercomputer system requires an environment support both message passing and shared memory programming. This paper describes our preliminary work in an effort to target BSP library for cluster of SMPs. In order to exploit the maximum performance potential that a cluster of SMPs brings, we adopt thread technique to reduce system overhead and to exploit the capacity of SMPs. A three-layer synchronization mechanism is proposed to support barrier synchronization within an SMP node, a group of SMP nodes and the whole cluster respectively. A comparison is made between our BSP library and the currently available BSP libraries such as PUB.

  15. Targeting BSP Library for SMP Cluster%BSP库在SMP机群上的高效实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董景毅; 丁俊; 孟睿; 童维勤

    2000-01-01

    Using commodity SMPs (shared memory processors) to build cluster-based supercomputer has become a mainstream trend. Yet programming this kind of supercomputer system requires an environment support both message passing and shared memory programming. This paper describes our preliminary work in an effort to target BSP library for cluster of SMPs. In order to exploit the maximum performance potential that a cluster of SMPs brings, we adopt thread technique to reduce system overhead and to exploit the capacity of SMPs. A three-layer synchronization mechanism is proposed to support barrier synchronization within an SMP node, a group of SMP nodes and the whole cluster respectively. A comparison is made between our BSP library and the currently available BSP libraries such as PUB.

  16. Building Mathematical Models Of Solid Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, Donald P.; Jones, Kennie H.; Von Ofenheim, William H.; Gates, Raymond L.; Matthews, Christine G.

    1989-01-01

    Solid Modeling Program (SMP) version 2.0 provides capability to model complex solid objects mathematically through aggregation of geometric primitives (parts). System provides designer with basic set of primitive parts and capability to define new primitives. Six primitives included in present version: boxes, cones, spheres, paraboloids, tori, and trusses. Written in VAX/VMS FORTRAN 77.

  17. Memory Benchmarks for SMP-Based High Performance Parallel Computers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoo, A B; de Supinski, B; Mueller, F; Mckee, S A

    2001-11-20

    As the speed gap between CPU and main memory continues to grow, memory accesses increasingly dominates the performance of many applications. The problem is particularly acute for symmetric multiprocessor (SMP) systems, where the shared memory may be accessed concurrently by a group of threads running on separate CPUs. Unfortunately, several key issues governing memory system performance in current systems are not well understood. Complex interactions between the levels of the memory hierarchy, buses or switches, DRAM back-ends, system software, and application access patterns can make it difficult to pinpoint bottlenecks and determine appropriate optimizations, and the situation is even more complex for SMP systems. To partially address this problem, we formulated a set of multi-threaded microbenchmarks for characterizing and measuring the performance of the underlying memory system in SMP-based high-performance computers. We report our use of these microbenchmarks on two important SMP-based machines. This paper has four primary contributions. First, we introduce a microbenchmark suite to systematically assess and compare the performance of different levels in SMP memory hierarchies. Second, we present a new tool based on hardware performance monitors to determine a wide array of memory system characteristics, such as cache sizes, quickly and easily; by using this tool, memory performance studies can be targeted to the full spectrum of performance regimes with many fewer data points than is otherwise required. Third, we present experimental results indicating that the performance of applications with large memory footprints remains largely constrained by memory. Fourth, we demonstrate that thread-level parallelism further degrades memory performance, even for the latest SMPs with hardware prefetching and switch-based memory interconnects.

  18. Desain Didaktis Penalaran Matematis untuk Mengatasi Kesulitan Belajar Siswa SMP pada Luas dan Volume Limas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistiawati Sulistiawati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa SMP pada materi geometri. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian desain didaktis (didactial design research.  Penelitian diawali dengan studi pendahuluan untuk mendapatkan data kesulitan belajar (learning obstacle yang dilaksanakan di SMP Negeri 29 Bandung kelas IXE sebanyak 35 orang, SMA Negeri 1 Lembang kelas XI IPA2 sebanyak 41 orang, dan STKIP Siliwangi Bandung mahasiswa semester VI sebanyak 49 orang pada tahun pelajaran 2011/2012 semester genap. Selanjutnya, dikembangkan desain didaktis yang diujicobakan terbatas kepada 30 siswa kelas VIII B SMP Assalam Bandung. Dari uji coba terbatas dilakukan analisis untuk menyusun desain didaktis revisi. Hasil dari penelitian ini diantaranya perangkat pembelajaran yang digunakan pada pembelajaran sebelum menggunakan desain didaktis belum dapat menggali kemampuan penalaran matematis, desain didaktis penalaran matematis yang dikembangkan dapat memperkecil gap yang dihadapi siswa, dan siswa memberikan tanggapan positif terhadap desain didaktis yang dikembangkan.The background of this research was the lack of junior high school students’ mathematical reasoning in geometry. This research used Didactical Design Research (DDR method which started by a preliminary study to 35 students of grade IX E Public Junior High School 29 Bandung, 41 students of grade XI Science Program of Senior High School 1 Lembang, and 49 students of Siliwangi College of Education Bandung in semester VI for academic year 2011/2012. The preliminary study was aimed to explore students’ learning obstacles to develep didactical design. The developed didactical design was implemented to 30 students of grade VII B of Assalam Junior High School Bandung. After this implementation the developed didactical design was revised. The results of this research were the learning tools used by previous teacher have not explored mathematical reasoning yet

  19. How the Inductive Voltage Adder (IVA) output impedance affects impedance dynamics of a Self-Magnetic Pinch (SMP) diode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renk, Timothy; Simpson, Sean; Webb, Timothy; Mazarakis, Michael; Kiefer, Mark

    2016-10-01

    The SMP diode, fielded on the RITS-6 (3.5-8.5 MV) IVA accelerator at Sandia National Laboratories, produces a focused electron beam (IVA flow impedance has on ZDIODE. A preliminary conclusion is that ZDIODE should be at least 1.5 times the flow impedance before ZDIODE is a parameter independent of flow impedance. This has implications for SMP as a load for a IVA, since ZDIODE >100 ohms has not been consistently demonstrated. Data analysis is ongoing, and latest results will be reported. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  20. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN FISIKA BAGI SISWA SMP NEGERI DI DAERAH TERTINGGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Amiruddin

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKTelah dihasilkan perangkat pembelajaran berupa Buku ajar, silabus, dan RPP yang menggunakan model pembelajaran siklus belajar (learning cycle untuk meningkatkan kualitas pembelajaran SMP di daerah tertinggal se kabupaten Parigi Moutong. Buku ajar ini berisi kompetensi, indikator dan tujuan pembelajaran, konsep-konsep esensial berdasarkan kurikulum 2006, kegiatan siswa berupa petunjuk percobaan, gambar dan foto, contoh soal, dan latihan soal.  Hasil ujicoba di kelas IX SMP SATAP Negeri 1 Desa Petunasugi Kecamatan Bolano Lambunu menunjukkan bahwa rerata tanggapan guru terhadap produk perangkat  pembelajaran berkategori baik dan sangat baik rerata 75,6%. Sedangkan tanggapan siswa terhadap produk Buku ajar yang berkategori baik dan sangat baik rerata 87,7%. Hasil belajar siswa rerata meningkat 69,0% dengan ketuntasan individu 70% dan klasikal 74,9%. Hasil ini menunjukkan perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan mempunyai tanggapan positif dari guru maupun siswa dan dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa.ABSTRACTLearning instrument has been produced in the form of teaching material, syllabus, and lesson plans using learning cycle model to improve the quality of learning of junior high school students in Moutong Parigi district area. The teaching material  contains competencies, indicators and goals of learning, essential concepts based on curriculum 2006, the activities of students in a form of experimental instruction, pictures and photos, problem examples, and exercises. Test result in class IX SATAP SMP Negeri 1 Petunasugi kecamatan Bolano Lambunu showed that the average teacher's response to the learning materialwasin a very good category (75.6%. The average response of students to the learning material was in very good category (87.7%. Student learning outcomes increased 69.0% with 70% individuals and 74.9% classicalcompleteness. These results indicate that the developed learning instrument got a positive response from teachers and

  1. Mapping the interaction of SmpB with ribosomes by footprinting of ribosomal RNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanova, Natalia; Pavlov, Michael Y.; Bouakaz, Elli; Ehrenberg, Måns; Schiavone, Lovisa Holmberg

    2005-01-01

    In trans-translation transfer messenger RNA (tmRNA) and small protein B (SmpB) rescue ribosomes stalled on truncated or in other ways problematic mRNAs. SmpB promotes the binding of tmRNA to the ribosome but there is uncertainty about the number of participating SmpB molecules as well as their ribosomal location. Here, the interaction of SmpB with ribosomal subunits and ribosomes was studied by isolation of SmpB containing complexes followed by chemical modification of ribosomal RNA with dimethyl sulfate, kethoxal and hydroxyl radicals. The results show that SmpB binds 30S and 50S subunits with 1:1 molar ratios and the 70S ribosome with 2:1 molar ratio. SmpB-footprints are similar on subunits and the ribosome. In the 30S subunit, SmpB footprints nucleotides that are in the vicinity of the P-site facing the E-site, and in the 50S subunit SmpB footprints nucleotides that are located below the L7/L12 stalk in the 3D structure of the ribosome. Based on these results, we suggest a mechanism where two molecules of SmpB interact with tmRNA and the ribosome during trans-translation. The first SmpB molecule binds near the factor-binding site on the 50S subunit helping tmRNA accommodation on the ribosome, whereas the second SmpB molecule may functionally substitute for a missing anticodon stem–loop in tmRNA during later steps of trans-translation. PMID:15972795

  2. PERANCANGAN DAN PEMBANGUNAN APLIKASI PERANGKINGAN PENERIMAAN PESERTA DIDIK SMP HASANUDDIN 04 SEMARANG DENGAN PROMETHEE METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wijanarto Wijanarto

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM adalah pengambilan keputusan untuk memilih       alternatif terbaik dari sejumlah alternatif yang tersedia berdasarkan  beberapa kriteria yang ditetapkan oleh si pengambil keputusan. MCDM  merupakan salah satu dari permasalahan yang rumit untuk dipecahkan dan dilakukan secara manual oleh manusia. Permasalahan MCDM yang dibahas dalam penelitian ini adalah  pengambilan  keputusan untuk menyeleksi Penerimaan Peserta  Didik  (PPD.  Metode Promethee  merupakan  salah  satu  dari  banyak solusi untuk optimalisasi permasalahan MCDM. Metode ini mampu meranking sejumlah alternatif berdasarkan banyak kriteria, sehingga menghasilkan daftar alternatif yang terurut mulai dari alternatif  terbaik hingga yang terburuk.. Dalam penelitian ini akan dibahas mengenai merancang dan membangun aplikasi yang mampu mengimplementasikan Promethee method dalam rangka melakukan proses seleksi PPD di SMP Hasanuddin 04 Semarang. Aplikasi tersebut berbasis pada aplikasi desktop dengan menggunakan bahasa Java. Metode perancangan menggunakan SDLC model iterative dengan  pendekatan berbasis obyek serta memanfaatkan bahasa pemodelan UML. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa aplikasi yang penulis buat mampu menjalankan metode promethee dengan benar dan mampu memberikan manfaat positif bagi dunia pendidikan dalam melakukan seleksi PPD khususnya  di  SMP Hasanuddin 04 Semarang. Kata kunci : MCDM, Metode Promethee, PPD, RPL berbasis Obyek

  3. Performance Evaluation of Parallel Message Passing and Thread Programming Model on Multicore Architectures

    CERN Document Server

    Hasta, D T

    2010-01-01

    The current trend of multicore architectures on shared memory systems underscores the need of parallelism. While there are some programming model to express parallelism, thread programming model has become a standard to support these system such as OpenMP, and POSIX threads. MPI (Message Passing Interface) which remains the dominant model used in high-performance computing today faces this challenge. Previous version of MPI which is MPI-1 has no shared memory concept, and Current MPI version 2 which is MPI-2 has a limited support for shared memory systems. In this research, MPI-2 version of MPI will be compared with OpenMP to see how well does MPI perform on multicore / SMP (Symmetric Multiprocessor) machines. Comparison between OpenMP for thread programming model and MPI for message passing programming model will be conducted on multicore shared memory machine architectures to see who has a better performance in terms of speed and throughput. Application used to assess the scalability of the evaluated parall...

  4. PENINGKATAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN PPKN MELALUI PENERAPAN PROBLEM BASED LEARNING DI SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Yuniwati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kualitas pembelajaran PPKn melalui penerapan model  Problem based learning di kelas VIII A semester 1 SMP Negeri 2 Manisrenggo Kabupaten Klaten tahun akademik 2014/2015. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (classroom action research dengan desain Kemmis & Taggart yang dilaksanakan dalam III siklus. Jenis tindakan yang dilaksanakan adalah penerapan model Problem based learning dalam pembelajaran PPKn.  Langkah-langkah pembelajaran meliputi mengidentifikasi masalah, menggali sumber informasi yang relevan, belajar secara mandiri, menyelidiki dan menginterpretasi data yang terkumpul, memilih beberapa alternatif solusi masalah, dengan mempertimbangkan pendapat atau informasi dari kolabolator. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, tes tertulis, wawancara, dan catatan lapangan. Analisis data dilakukan secara kualitatif dengan teknik yang dikembangkan Miles dan Huberman. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa penerapan model Problem based learning dapat meningkatkan kualitas pembelajaran PPKn pada aspek proses pembelajaran dan hasil belajar yang komprehensif (kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik.   THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE CIVIV EDUCATION LEARNING QUALITY THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF THE PROBLEM BASED–LEARNING  AT SMP Abstract This study aimed to improve the Civic Education learning quality through the application of the problem- based learning model at Grade VIII A of SMP Negeri 2 Manisrenggo in semester 1 of the 2014/2015 academic year. This was a classroom action research (CAR study employing the design by Kemmis & MacTaggart, carried out in three cycles. The action implemented was the application of the problembased learning model in the Civic Education learning. The learning steps included identifying problems, looking for relevant information sources, learning autonomously, investigating and interpreting the collected data, and selecting several alternative problem solutions by taking

  5. Communication Studies of DMP and SMP Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohn, Andrew; Biswas, Rupak; Chancellor, Marisa K. (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    Understanding the interplay between machines and problems is key to obtaining high performance on parallel machines. This paper investigates the interplay between programming paradigms and communication capabilities of parallel machines. In particular, we explicate the communication capabilities of the IBM SP-2 distributed-memory multiprocessor and the SGI PowerCHALLENGEarray symmetric multiprocessor. Two benchmark problems of bitonic sorting and Fast Fourier Transform are selected for experiments. Communication-efficient algorithms are developed to exploit the overlapping capabilities of the machines. Programs are written in Message-Passing Interface for portability and identical codes are used for both machines. Various data sizes and message sizes are used to test the machines' communication capabilities. Experimental results indicate that the communication performance of the multiprocessors are consistent with the size of messages. The SP-2 is sensitive to message size but yields a much higher communication overlapping because of the communication co-processor. The PowerCHALLENGEarray is not highly sensitive to message size and yields a low communication overlapping. Bitonic sorting yields lower performance compared to FFT due to a smaller computation-to-communication ratio.

  6. Statistical modeling of program performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. P. Karpenko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A task of evaluation of program performance often occurs in the process of design of computer systems or during iterative compilation. A traditional way to solve this problem is emulation of program execution on the target system. A modern alternative approach to evaluation of program performance is based on statistical modeling of program performance on a computer under investigation. This statistical method of modeling program performance called Velocitas was introduced in this work. The method and its implementation in the Adaptor framework were presented. Investigation of the method's effectiveness showed high adequacy of program performance prediction.

  7. ATCOM: Automatically Tuned Collective Communication System for SMP Clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meng-Shiou Wu

    2005-12-17

    Conventional implementations of collective communications are based on point-to-point communications, and their optimizations have been focused on efficiency of those communication algorithms. However, point-to-point communications are not the optimal choice for modern computing clusters of SMPs due to their two-level communication structure. In recent years, a few research efforts have investigated efficient collective communications for SMP clusters. This dissertation is focused on platform-independent algorithms and implementations in this area. There are two main approaches to implementing efficient collective communications for clusters of SMPs: using shared memory operations for intra-node communications, and overlapping inter-node/intra-node communications. The former fully utilizes the hardware based shared memory of an SMP, and the latter takes advantage of the inherent hierarchy of the communications within a cluster of SMPs. Previous studies focused on clusters of SMP from certain vendors. However, the previously proposed methods are not portable to other systems. Because the performance optimization issue is very complicated and the developing process is very time consuming, it is highly desired to have self-tuning, platform-independent implementations. As proven in this dissertation, such an implementation can significantly out-perform the other point-to-point based portable implementations and some platform-specific implementations. The dissertation describes in detail the architecture of the platform-independent implementation. There are four system components: shared memory-based collective communications, overlapping mechanisms for inter-node and intra-node communications, a prediction-based tuning module and a micro-benchmark based tuning module. Each component is carefully designed with the goal of automatic tuning in mind.

  8. ATCOM: Automatically Tuned Collective Communication System for SMP Clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Meng-Shiou [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Conventional implementations of collective communications are based on point-to-point communications, and their optimizations have been focused on efficiency of those communication algorithms. However, point-to-point communications are not the optimal choice for modern computing clusters of SMPs due to their two-level communication structure. In recent years, a few research efforts have investigated efficient collective communications for SMP clusters. This dissertation is focused on platform-independent algorithms and implementations in this area. There are two main approaches to implementing efficient collective communications for clusters of SMPs: using shared memory operations for intra-node communications, and overlapping inter-node/intra-node communications. The former fully utilizes the hardware based shared memory of an SMP, and the latter takes advantage of the inherent hierarchy of the communications within a cluster of SMPs. Previous studies focused on clusters of SMP from certain vendors. However, the previously proposed methods are not portable to other systems. Because the performance optimization issue is very complicated and the developing process is very time consuming, it is highly desired to have self-tuning, platform-independent implementations. As proven in this dissertation, such an implementation can significantly out-perform the other point-to-point based portable implementations and some platform-specific implementations. The dissertation describes in detail the architecture of the platform-independent implementation. There are four system components: shared memory-based collective communications, overlapping mechanisms for inter-node and intra-node communications, a prediction-based tuning module and a micro-benchmark based tuning module. Each component is carefully designed with the goal of automatic tuning in mind.

  9. PROFIL METAKOGNISI SISWA SMP DALAM MEMECAHKAN MASALAH TERBUKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Sudia1

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Profile of Metacognition of Junior High School Students in Solving Open Problems. This study was aimed to reveal the profile of metacognition of junior high school students with impulsive-reflective cognitive style in solving open-problems concerning plan-figure-geometry. This study was con­ducted at the seventh grade of Junior High School and the subjects were one student of impulsive cog­nitive style and one student of reflective cognitive style and both had relatively similar mathematics ability. The data were collected through test and interview. The results show that students, either the impulsive or reflective cognitive style, have similar metacognition style profile in the step of understanding the prob­lems but they were different in the stage of arranging the plan of problem solving, executing the plan for solving problem, and re-evaluating the result of the problem solving. Keywords: metacognition profile, cognitive style, open-problem Abstrak: Profil Metakognisi Siswa SMP dalam Memecahkan Masalah Terbuka. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan profil metakognisi siswa SMP yang bergaya kognitif impulsif dan kognitif reflektif dalam memecahkan masalah terbuka materi geometri bangun datar. Penelitian ini dilakukan di kelas VII SMP dengan subjek satu siswa bergaya kognitif impulsif dan satu siswa bergaya kognitif reflektif dan keduanya memiliki kemampuan matematika relatif sama. Data dikumpulkan dengan cara pemberian tes dan wawancara. Analisis data dilakukan melalui reduksi data, penyajian data, penafsiran data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa subjek impulsif dan subjek reflektif memiliki profil meta­kognisi yang sama pada tahap memahami masalah, dan berbeda profil metakognisinya pada tahap mem­buat rencana, melaksanakan rencana dan memeriksa kembali hasil pemecahan masalah. Kata kunci: metakognisi, gaya kognitif, masalah-terbuka

  10. Innovative Soil Management Practices (SMP) Assessment in Europe and China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barão, Lúcia

    2017-04-01

    The growing world population poses a major challenge to global agricultural food and feed production through the pressure to increase agricultural outputs either by increasing the land area dedicated to agriculture or by productivity increases. Whether in developed or developing regions, agricultural intensification based on conventional approaches has resulted in severe environmental impacts and innovative soil management practices are needed to halter ongoing soil degradation and promote sustainable land management capable to produce more from less. The iSQAPER project - Interactive Soil Quality Assessment in Europe and China for Agricultural Productivity and Environmental Resilience - aims to develop a Soil Quality app (SQAPP) linking soil and agricultural management practices to soil quality indicators. This easy friendly tool will provide a direct and convenient way to advise farmers and other suitable actors in this area, regarding the best management practices to be adopted in very specific and local conditions. In this particular study from iSQAPER, we aimed to identify the most promising innovative soil management practices (SMP) currently used and its geographical distribution along different pedo-climatic regions in Europe (Boreal, Atlantic, Mediterranean Temperate, Mediterranean Semi-Arid, Southern Sub-Continental and Northern Sub-Continental) and China (Middle Temperate, Warm temperate and Central Asia Tropical). So far we have identified 155 farms where innovative SMP's are used, distributed along 4 study site regions located in China (Qiyang, Suining, Zhifanggou and Gongzhuling) and 10 study site regions located in Europe (The Netherlands, France, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Hungary, Romania, Poland and Estonia) and covering the major pedo-climatic regions. From this identification we concluded that the most used innovative SMP's in the study site regions in Europe are Manuring & Composting (14%), Min-till (14%), Crop rotation (12

  11. Décadas de oro de la centenaria SMP

    OpenAIRE

    Duque Escobar, Gonzalo

    2012-01-01

    Aportes de la SMP hasta el Centenario de Manizales, de este espacio cívico creado en 1912 cuando Aquilino Villegas y Alfonso Robledo convocan a notables ciudadanos de la próspera aldea, como Alfonso Villegas, Carlos E. Pinzón, Constantino Gutiérrez, Estanislao Estrada, Fernando Arango, Francisco Gutiérrez, Gonzalo Villegas, Jesús María Arias, Liborio Gutiérrez, Luis Londoño, Pedro Henao y Pompilio Gutiérrez.

  12. SMP95: Standard Ship Motion Program User Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    then roll decay value "n" is printed out. If RLDMPR < 0, then nondimensional B_44 is printed. The latter is also labeled "n", although strictly speaking ...0 Efl HJ 1- 1Ni - - J - 1 C H H 0 Z z El NL 04 0 En) z H CO C0 El C 0 D 0 0 0 0 D 0 0 C0 0 C0 0D 0 0 o) Co H1 to) 0) 0 0 0 0 0 C0 0 0 0D 0D 0D N ml

  13. Model-Driven Constraint Programming

    CERN Document Server

    Chenouard, Raphael; Soto, Ricardo; 10.1145/1389449.1389479

    2010-01-01

    Constraint programming can definitely be seen as a model-driven paradigm. The users write programs for modeling problems. These programs are mapped to executable models to calculate the solutions. This paper focuses on efficient model management (definition and transformation). From this point of view, we propose to revisit the design of constraint-programming systems. A model-driven architecture is introduced to map solving-independent constraint models to solving-dependent decision models. Several important questions are examined, such as the need for a visual highlevel modeling language, and the quality of metamodeling techniques to implement the transformations. A main result is the s-COMMA platform that efficiently implements the chain from modeling to solving constraint problems

  14. PEMBELAJARAN SUMBANG SARAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA SMP

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    Ari Ashari

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The research is Classroom Action Research (CAR conducted in two cycles and aims to enhance students' critical thinking skills class VII A Al-Ikhlas Taliwang through the application of learning methods Brainstorm on the subject of pollution and environmental damage. Subjects numbered 29 students of class VII A Al-Ikhlas Junior High School. Data collected through tests of each cycle. Data were analyzed descriptively test results quantitatively. Based on the results showed that the application of learning Brainstorm improve critical thinking skills by 30% and the number of students who received a score of critical thinking skills in the qualification both increased by 13 students.          Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK yang dilakukan dalam dua siklus dan bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa kelas VII A SMP Al-Ikhlas Taliwang melalui penerapan metode pembelajaran Sumbang Saran pada pokok bahasan pencemaran dan kerusakan lingkungan. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 29 siswa kelas VII A SMP Al-Ikhlas Taliwang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui tes dari tiap siklus. Data hasil tes dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan pembelajaran Sumbang Saran meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis sebesar 30% dan jumlah siswa yang memperoleh skor keterampilan berpikir kritis dalam kualifikasi baik mengalami peningkatan sebanyak 13 siswa.

  15. The Spitzer-IRS spectrum of SMP LMC 11

    CERN Document Server

    Bernard-Salas, J; Sloan, G C; Cami, J; Guiles, S; Houck, J R

    2006-01-01

    We present the first mid-infrared spectra of SMP LMC 11 in the Large Magellanic Cloud. While this object resembles a planetary nebula in the optical, its infrared properties are more similar to an object in transition from the asymptotic giant branch to the planetary nebula phase. A warm dust continuum dominates the infrared spectrum. The peak emission corresponds to a mean dust temperature of 330 K. The spectrum shows overlapping molecular absorption bands from 12 to 17 um corresponding to acetylene and polyacetylenic chains and benzene. This is the first detection of C4H2, C6H2, C6H6 and other molecules in an extragalactic object. The infrared spectrum of SMP LMC 11 is similar in many ways to that of the pre-planetary nebula AFGL 618. The IRS spectrum shows little evidence of nitrogen-based molecules which are commonly seen in Galactic AGB stars. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are also absent from the spectrum. The detection of the [NeII] 12.8 um line in the infrared and other forbidden emission lines in ...

  16. PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN TENTANG SEJARAH BAGI SISWA SMP NEGERI 2 KELAPA DUA TANGERANG MELALUI WISATA EDUKASI

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    YUSTISIA KRISTIANA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Edutourism is a program combining elements of tourist activities with education. Edutourism is expected tobe a means of preserving the culture values and introduce the history and culture of Indonesia. This is becausethe phenomena among the younger generation who are no longer interested in studying history. Sekolah TinggiPariwisata Pelita Harapan, Universitas Pelita Harapan developed educational travel programs catering for studentsof junior high schools to enhance interest in learning history. Students of SMP Negeri 2 Kelapa Dua Tangerangwere selected to attend this edutourism program by visiting Monumen Nasional and Museum Sejarah Jakarta. Thisprogram was conducted on Tuesday, April 17th, 2012 with total participants were 20 students and two teachers.Edutourism program was led by lecturer and guided by students of Travel Industry Management. The studentsand the team from Travel Industry Management were very enthusiastic during the edutourism. Benefits obtainedby the students through this program are (1 improving the understanding about historical sites in Jakarta, (2widening the knowledge about historical sites in Jakarta, and (3 developing the partnership between the SMPNegeri 2 Kelapa Dua Tangerang and Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata Pelita Harapan, Universitas Pelita Harapan. Theedutourism program is well accepted and effective to increase student’s interest in learning history.Keywords: edutourism, student’s interest in learning history, historical site

  17. KONTRIBUSI DISIPLIN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP UNJUK KERJA GURU SMP NEGERI SSN DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

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    Nuk Isdiyati

    2015-07-01

    towards teacher performance at SMP N with National Standard School (SSN Semarang, this is indicated with the acquisition probability value <0.05 with the effective contribution counted 17.25% and the classical assumption test results showed that the regression model is not biased or problems of classical assumptions (normality, linearity, and multicollinearity that could otherwise BLUE (Best, Linear, Unbiased, Estimator.

  18. ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN MODUL INKUIRI BERBASIS PERTANYAAN (MIBP DI SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desak Made Citrawathi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available melakukan analisis kebutuhan untuk pengembangan dan penyusunan modul inkuri berbasis pertanyaan (MIBP. MIBP disusun untuk memfasilitasi pembelajaran sains agar dapat meningkatkan penguasaan konsep biologi, keterampilan proses sains, dan kemampuan berpikir siswa SMP. Pengembangan MIBP menggunakan model ADDIE. Prosedur pengembangan terdiri dari 5 tahap, yaitu 1 Menganalisis, 2 Mendisain, 3 Mengembangkan dan produksi, 4 Mengimplementasikan, dan 5 Mengevaluasi. Penelitian dilakukan dalam waktu 3 tahun. Pada tahun pertama ini dilakukan analisis kebutuhan dan mendisain MIBP. Subjek penelitian adalah guru IPA SMP Negeri dan Swasta di Kecamatan Buleleng. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara, penyebaran angket, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif dan interpretatif. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh bahwa kurikulum yang digunakan di SMPN 1,SMPN 2, dan SMPN 4 adalah kurikulum 2013, sedangkan di SMP lainnya masih menggunakan kurikulum 2006. Kemampuan guru bertanya untuk meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains, penguasaan konsep, dan kemampuan berpikir belum optimal. Hal ini ditunjukkan dari jenis pertanyaan yang diajukan guru 85,8 persen bersifat konvergen, dan 14,2 persen bersifat divergen. Berdasarkan pertanyaan menurut Taksonomi Bloom, pertanyaan yang diajukan guru 74,4 persen pertanyaan ingatan, 22,6 persen pemahaman, 2,68 persen aplikasi, dan 0,32 persen analisis. Salah satu yang dapat dilakukan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan guru adalah memfasilitasi pembelajarannya dengan MIBP. Dari karakteristik perkembangan kognitifnya, siswa SMP dapat dibelajarkan dengan strategi inkuiri, dan guru setuju dengan pengembangan MIBP. Kata kunci: Kemampuan berpikir, keterampilan proses sains, Modul Inkuiri Berbasis Pertanyaan, penguasaan konsep Pertanyaan, penguasaan konsep Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the need for the development and preparation of question-based inquiry module (QBIM. QBIM was designed conceiv to

  19. Profil Merokok pada Pelajar di Tiga SMP di Kota Padang

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    Yessy Susanti Sabti

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak   Merokok merupakan kontributor utama kematian.  Jumlah perokok semakin meningkat di seluruh dunia dan sebagian besar berada dinegara berkembang, termasuk Indonesia. Sebagai negara dengan perokok terbanyak ketiga di dunia, prevalensi perokok remaja di Indonesia semakin meningkat setiap tahun. Dengan menggunakan kuesionerGlobal Youth Tobacco Survey, kami meneliti profil merokok pada pelajar di tida SMP di kota Padang. Desain peneitian adalah crossectional. Data diperoleh dari kuesioner Global Youth Tobacco Survey, berbahasa Indonesia. Didapatkan sampel 240  murid dari 3 SMP dipilih secara acak di Kota Padang. Hasil : 27,7% murid pernah merokok, dan semuanya adalah laki-laki. 29%  mencoba rokok pada usia kurang dari 10 tahun. 37%  murid masih merokok sampai sekarang, 46% diantaranya sudah ketagihan rokok. Sebanyak 77,1% murid yang pernah merokok mempunyai orang tua perokok. Sebagian besar dari total sampel terpapar asap rokok lingkungan baik di rumah dan di tempat-tempat umum. Kesimpulan: Lebih dari seperempat pelajar di tiga SMP di kota Padang pernah merokok dan semuanya laki laki, dan mencoba merokok padausia kurang dari 10 tahun. Hampir seperlima sudah ketagihan merokok.Kata kunci: Pelajar, Merokok, Global Youth Tobacco SurveyAbstract Smoking is the mayor contibutor of death, and the number of smoker is growing overworld. More of them live in the developing country, including Indonesia. As the third of most smoker number, the teenager smoker prevalence in Indonesia is increase over year. By using Indonesian language adapted of Global Youth Tobacco Survey quessionaires, we researched smoking teenager behaviour and realted factors at Junior High School of Padang. Design of study is crossectional, datas collected from 240 students of three randomized selected Junior High School, by  Global Youth Tobacco Survey quessionaires that has adapted to Indonesian language. Results : 27,7% of students reported that they ever smoked cigarettes

  20. Dynamic programming models and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Denardo, Eric V

    2003-01-01

    Introduction to sequential decision processes covers use of dynamic programming in studying models of resource allocation, methods for approximating solutions of control problems in continuous time, production control, more. 1982 edition.

  1. Keefektifan Auditory Intellectually Repetition Berbantuan LKPD terhadap Kemampuan Penalaran Peserta Didik SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ika Martyana Handayani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan pembelajaran model pembelajaran Audi-tory intellectually Repetition (AIR berbantuan LKPD terhadap kemampuan penalaran matematis peserta didik. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah peserta didik kelas VIII SMP Negeri 1 Blado tahun pelajaran 2012/2013. Metode penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen yang dila-kukan pada dua kelas yang memiliki kemampuan setara dengan model pembelajaran yang berbe-da. Berdasarkan pemilihan secara acak terpilih dua kelompok yaitu kelompok eksperimen yang diterapkan pembelajaran matematika menggunakan model pembelajaran AIR dan kelompok kontrol yang diterapkan model pembelajaran STAD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar peserta didik pada aspek kemampuan penalaran matematis yang diajar menggunakan mo-del pembelajaran AIR mencapai ketuntasan klasikal, persentase hasil belajar peserta didik pada aspek kemampuan penalaran matematis pada kelompok eksperimen lebih baik dari kelompok kontrol, rata-rata hasil belajar peserta didik pada aspek kemampuan penalaran matematis pada kelas eksperimen lebih baik dari kelas kontrol. Berdasarkan pembahasan di atas dapat disimpul-kan bahwa pembelajaran menggunakan model AIR berbantuan LKPD efektif terhadap kemam-puan penalaran matematis peserta didik. Kata kunci:          Auditory Intellectually Repetition; Keefektifan; Kemampuan Penalaran.  AbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine learning using the Auditory Intellectually Repetition model approaches effective to student’s reasoning ability. The population in this study was students of grade VIII SMP N 1 Blado academic year 2012/2013. This research method is an experimental research that applied on two classes who have similar abilities with different learning models. Based on the random selection of two groups chosen experimental applied mathematics learning using learning model AIR and the control group were applied learning model

  2. EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE ABILITY TO CHOOSE A SCHOOL GROUP COUNSELING SERVICES THROUGH ADVANCED CLASS IX SMP NEGERI 2 METRO STATE IN 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohima Rohima

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available SMP Negeri 2 Metro In reality, there are many confused students choose a major program of advanced studies, especially for junior high school students. It is necessary to learn / coaching to the students to be able to choose the school accordingly. Researchers conduct action research through the Guidance Counseling Group in Class IX student of SMP Negeri 2 Metro. The experiment was conducted using two cycles. Recapitulation of data Selecting a program majoring in the process of learning / coaching from the first cycle to the second cycle, there is an increase of 57.06% to 86.35%. The results of the data summary portfolio also increased from 33.32% to 83.33%, and the recapitulation of learning outcomes of students who otherwise Completed Pass also risen from 54.54% increase to 96.96%. Thus concluded indicator of success is to reach the target / as are 95% or more. Keywords: guidance group, select schools, smp negeri 2 metro

  3. EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE ABILITY TO CHOOSE A SCHOOL GROUP COUNSELING SERVICES THROUGH ADVANCED CLASS IX SMP NEGERI 2 METRO STATE IN 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohima Rohima

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available SMP Negeri 2 Metro In reality, there are many confused students choose a major program of advanced studies, especially for junior high school students. It is necessary to learn / coaching to the students to be able to choose the school accordingly. Researchers conduct action research through the Guidance Counseling Group in Class IX student of SMP Negeri 2 Metro. The experiment was conducted using two cycles. Recapitulation of data Selecting a program majoring in the process of learning / coaching from the first cycle to the second cycle, there is an increase of 57.06% to 86.35%. The results of the data summary portfolio also increased from 33.32% to 83.33%, and the recapitulation of learning outcomes of students who otherwise Completed Pass also risen from 54.54% increase to 96.96%. Thus concluded indicator of success is to reach the target / as are 95% or more.Keywords: guidance group, select schools, smp negeri 2 metro

  4. PREVALENSI DAN KARAKTERISTIK PELAYANAN VAKSINASI CERVARIX SEBAGAI PREVENSI PRIMER KANKER SERVIKS DI SMP NEGERI 1 DENPASAR PERIODE OKTOBER 2011 - APRIL 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrikus Gede Surya Adhi Putra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Vaksin Human Papillomavirus (HPV saat ini menjadi metode pencegahan yang paling diperhitungkan terhadap infeksi HPV yang merupakan etiologi kanker cervix. Peningkatan efektifitas vaksin HPV terjadi pada pemberian dalam rentang usia prapubertas dan remaja. Pemberian vaksin yang menargetkan usia tersebut dapat menjaring wanita yang masih belum aktif secara seksual, sehingga probabilitas terpapar HPV masih rendah. Disamping itu, respon imunitas yang dihasilkan juga lebih besar dibandingkan pemberian pasca pubertas. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui prevalensi vaksinasi cervarix sebagai upaya prevensi primer kanker serviks di SMP Negeri 1 Denpasar. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif retrospektif dan dilaksanakan di SMP Negeri 1 Denpasar pada tanggal 8 November 2012. Dengan sampel yakni siswi yang mengikuti program vaksinasi HPV cervarix di SMP Negeri 1 Denpasar pada 15 Oktober 2011, 12 November 2011, dan 14 April 2012. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh yang mengikuti program vaksinasi sebanyak 46 siswi dari 420 siswi atau 10,95%. Hasil distribusi yang tertinggi, menurut umur usia 14 tahun (43,48%, kelas IX (17,95%, asal daerah Denpasar (50%, mempunyai 3 saudara kandung (39,13%, pendidikan orang tua sarjana (82,61%, pekerjaan orang tua sebagai PNS (32,61%, penghasilan orang tua diatas 3 juta (45,65%. Berdasarkan  hasil  penelitian  ini,  dapat  disimpulkan  bahwa  kesadaran siswi SMP Negeri 1 Denpasar mengenai vaksin HPV berada dalam kategori rendah. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan sosialisasi yang berkesinambungan untuk memberikan pemahaman dan kesadaran mengenai pentingnya upaya pencegahan primer kanker serviks, yaitu melalui vaksinasi.

  5. PREVALENSI DAN KARAKTERISTIK PELAYANAN VAKSINASI CERVARIX SEBAGAI PREVENSI PRIMER KANKER SERVIKS DI SMP NEGERI 1 DENPASAR PERIODE OKTOBER 2011 - APRIL 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrikus Gede Surya Adhi Putra

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Vaksin Human Papillomavirus (HPV saat ini menjadi metode pencegahan yang paling diperhitungkan terhadap infeksi HPV yang merupakan etiologi kanker cervix. Peningkatan efektifitas vaksin HPV terjadi pada pemberian dalam rentang usia prapubertas dan remaja. Pemberian vaksin yang menargetkan usia tersebut dapat menjaring wanita yang masih belum aktif secara seksual, sehingga probabilitas terpapar HPV masih rendah. Disamping itu, respon imunitas yang dihasilkan juga lebih besar dibandingkan pemberian pasca pubertas. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui prevalensi vaksinasi cervarix sebagai upaya prevensi primer kanker serviks di SMP Negeri 1 Denpasar. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif retrospektif dan dilaksanakan di SMP Negeri 1 Denpasar pada tanggal 8 November 2012. Dengan sampel yakni siswi yang mengikuti program vaksinasi HPV cervarix di SMP Negeri 1 Denpasar pada 15 Oktober 2011, 12 November 2011, dan 14 April 2012. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh yang mengikuti program vaksinasi sebanyak 46 siswi dari 420 siswi atau 10,95%. Hasil distribusi yang tertinggi, menurut umur usia 14 tahun (43,48%, kelas IX (17,95%, asal daerah Denpasar (50%, mempunyai 3 saudara kandung (39,13%, pendidikan orang tua sarjana (82,61%, pekerjaan orang tua sebagai PNS (32,61%, penghasilan orang tua diatas 3 juta (45,65%.Berdasarkan  hasil  penelitian  ini,  dapat  disimpulkan  bahwa  kesadaran siswi SMP Negeri 1 Denpasar mengenai vaksin HPV berada dalam kategori rendah. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan sosialisasi yang berkesinambungan untuk memberikan pemahaman dan kesadaran mengenai pentingnya upaya pencegahan primer kanker serviks, yaitu melalui vaksinasi.

  6. Display system software for the integration of an ADAGE 3000 programmable display generator into the solid modeling package C.A.D. software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montoya, R. J.; Lane, H. H., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    A software system that integrates an ADAGE 3000 Programmable Display Generator into a C.A.D. software package known as the Solid Modeling Program is described. The Solid Modeling Program (SMP) is an interactive program that is used to model complex solid object through the composition of primitive geomeentities. In addition, SMP provides extensive facilities for model editing and display. The ADAGE 3000 Programmable Display Generator (PDG) is a color, raster scan, programmable display generator with a 32-bit bit-slice, bipolar microprocessor (BPS). The modularity of the system architecture and the width and speed of the system bus allow for additional co-processors in the system. These co-processors combine to provide efficient operations on and rendering of graphics entities. The resulting software system takes advantage of the graphics capabilities of the PDG in the operation of SMP by distributing its processing modules between the host and the PDG. Initially, the target host computer was a PRIME 850, which was later substituted with a VAX-11/785. Two versions of the software system were developed, a phase 1 and a phase 2. In phase 1, the ADAGE 3000 is used as a frame buffer. In phase II, SMP was functionally partitioned and some of its functions were implemented in the ADAGE 3000 by means of ADAGE's SOLID 3000 software package.

  7. Peningkatan Prestasi Peserta Didik dalam Menentukan Akar Pangkat Dua dan Pangkat Tiga Bilangan Bulat dengan Teknik Taksiran Cermat (TTC Di Kelas VII SMP Negeri 1 Tenggarang Tahun Pelajaran 2011/2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slamet Hariyadi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Peserta didik secara input kurang dalam penguasaan konsep matematika,  utamanya operasi hitung dasar pada bilangan bulat. Beberapa instrumen dan indikasi yang mendukung keadaan tersebut antara lain; 1    rata-rata nilai  pretes matematika peserta didik baru pada materi operasional dasar  bilangan bulat  disetiap awal tahun pelajaran, tidak lebih dari  5,00;  2 sejak tahun 2005 SMP Negeri 1 Tenggarang menjadi satu-satunya sekolah di kabupaten Bondowoso yang mendapatkan program Bridging Course dari pemerintah pusat didasarkan dari masih rendahnya tingkat kelulusan dan prestasi peserta didiknya. Sampel penelitian adalah  kelas VII C SMP Negeri 1 Tenggarang Tahun Pelajaran 2011/2012. Masalahnya adalah apakah Teknik Taksiran Cermat (TTC dapat meningkatkan prestasi belajar peserta didik dalam menentukan akar kuadrat bilangan bulat kuadrat sempurna dan akar pangkat tiga bilangan bulat kubik? Pelaksanaan pembelajaran pada kegiatan penelitian ini menggunakan dua skenario pembelajaran yaitu RPP model 1 pada kegiatan inti TM dan RPP model 2 pada kegiatan TM remidial. Hasil pembelajaran dari dua model skenario pembelajaran, berdasarkan pengamatan proses; 1 Eksplorasi; respon peserta didik untuk menjawab pertanyaan kuis dalam waktu tidak lebih dari 3 menit tiap soal ada peningkatan dari 13 % menjadi 54,5 %; Ketepatan menjawab dengan benar soal kuis tidak lebih dari 3 menit tiap soal ada peningkatan dari 60% menjadi 83,3 %; 2 Elaborasi; keaktifan peserta didik dalam kelompok dari kurang aktif menjadi aktif; Ketepatan kelompok dalam mempresentasikan dengan benar soal-soal LKS ada peningkatan dari 40 % menjadi 80 %. Evaluasi keberhasilan pembelajaran; jumlah ketuntasan ada peningkatan dari 21,7 %  menjadi 100 % orang.

  8. Senescence marker protein 30 (SMP30 expression in eukaryotic cells: existence of multiple species and membrane localization.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peethambaran Arun

    Full Text Available Senescence marker protein (SMP30, also known as regucalcin, is a 34 kDa cytosolic marker protein of aging which plays an important role in intracellular Ca(2+ homeostasis, ascorbic acid biosynthesis, oxidative stress, and detoxification of chemical warfare nerve agents. In our goal to investigate the activity of SMP30 for the detoxification of nerve agents, we have produced a recombinant adenovirus expressing human SMP30 as a fusion protein with a hemaglutinin tag (Ad-SMP30-HA. Ad-SMP30-HA transduced the expression of SMP30-HA and two additional forms of SMP30 with molecular sizes ∼28 kDa and 24 kDa in HEK-293A and C3A liver cells in a dose and time-dependent manner. Intravenous administration of Ad-SMP30-HA in mice results in the expression of all the three forms of SMP30 in the liver and diaphragm. LC-MS/MS results confirmed that the lower molecular weight 28 kDa and 24 kDa proteins are related to the 34 kDa SMP30. The 28 kDa and 24 kDa SMP30 forms were also detected in normal rat liver and mice injected with Ad-SMP30-HA suggesting that SMP30 does exist in multiple forms under physiological conditions. Time course experiments in both cell lines suggest that the 28 kDa and 24 kDa SMP30 forms are likely generated from the 34 kDa SMP30. Interestingly, the 28 kDa and 24 kDa SMP30 forms appeared initially in the cytosol and shifted to the particulate fraction. Studies using small molecule inhibitors of proteolytic pathways revealed the potential involvement of β and γ-secretases but not calpains, lysosomal proteases, proteasome and caspases. This is the first report describing the existence of multiple forms of SMP30, their preferential distribution to membranes and their generation through proteolysis possibly mediated by secretase enzymes.

  9. Model Checker for Java Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visser, Willem

    2007-01-01

    Java Pathfinder (JPF) is a verification and testing environment for Java that integrates model checking, program analysis, and testing. JPF consists of a custom-made Java Virtual Machine (JVM) that interprets bytecode, combined with a search interface to allow the complete behavior of a Java program to be analyzed, including interleavings of concurrent programs. JPF is implemented in Java, and its architecture is highly modular to support rapid prototyping of new features. JPF is an explicit-state model checker, because it enumerates all visited states and, therefore, suffers from the state-explosion problem inherent in analyzing large programs. It is suited to analyzing programs less than 10kLOC, but has been successfully applied to finding errors in concurrent programs up to 100kLOC. When an error is found, a trace from the initial state to the error is produced to guide the debugging. JPF works at the bytecode level, meaning that all of Java can be model-checked. By default, the software checks for all runtime errors (uncaught exceptions), assertions violations (supports Java s assert), and deadlocks. JPF uses garbage collection and symmetry reductions of the heap during model checking to reduce state-explosion, as well as dynamic partial order reductions to lower the number of interleavings analyzed. JPF is capable of symbolic execution of Java programs, including symbolic execution of complex data such as linked lists and trees. JPF is extensible as it allows for the creation of listeners that can subscribe to events during searches. The creation of dedicated code to be executed in place of regular classes is supported and allows users to easily handle native calls and to improve the efficiency of the analysis.

  10. Parallel peak pruning for scalable SMP contour tree computation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carr, Hamish A. [Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom); Weber, Gunther H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States); Sewell, Christopher M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Ahrens, James P. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-03-09

    As data sets grow to exascale, automated data analysis and visualisation are increasingly important, to intermediate human understanding and to reduce demands on disk storage via in situ analysis. Trends in architecture of high performance computing systems necessitate analysis algorithms to make effective use of combinations of massively multicore and distributed systems. One of the principal analytic tools is the contour tree, which analyses relationships between contours to identify features of more than local importance. Unfortunately, the predominant algorithms for computing the contour tree are explicitly serial, and founded on serial metaphors, which has limited the scalability of this form of analysis. While there is some work on distributed contour tree computation, and separately on hybrid GPU-CPU computation, there is no efficient algorithm with strong formal guarantees on performance allied with fast practical performance. Here in this paper, we report the first shared SMP algorithm for fully parallel contour tree computation, withfor-mal guarantees of O(lgnlgt) parallel steps and O(n lgn) work, and implementations with up to 10x parallel speed up in OpenMP and up to 50x speed up in NVIDIA Thrust.

  11. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SMP NEGERI 1 DAN MTs AL-QASIMIYAH KECAMATAN PANGKALAN KURAS KABUPATEN PELALAWAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramli Ramli

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan implementasi pendidikan karakter di SMP Negeri 1 dan MTs Al-Qasimiyah Pangkalan Kuras, Kabupaten Pelalawan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Subjek penelitian ini adalah kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi serta dianalisis secara kualitatif menggunakan teknik analisis data model interaktif Miles and Huberman. Hasil penelitian ini adalah sebagai berikut. 1 Pendidikan karakter di SMP Negeri 1 dan MTs Al-Qasimiyah  Pangkalan Kuras dilaksana-kan melalui pengintegrasiannya ke dalam mata pelajaran, pengembangan diri, budaya sekolah, dan kegiatan ekstrakurikuler. Sedangkan perbedaannya, di MTs Al-Qasimiyah lebih menitikberatkan pendidikan keagamaan. 2 Faktor penghambat: a masih ada guru yang belum melaksanakan pendidikan karakter karena kurangnya sosialisasi dan pelatihan; b masih ada guru yang belum memberikan keteladanan sedangkan di MTs Al-Qasimiyah telah mencerminkan keteladanan yang baik.; c masih ada orang tua siswa yang kurang peduli terhadap pendidikan anaknya di sekolah terutama siswa yang melanggar tata tertib maupun aturan-aturan sosial.Kata kunci: implementasi, pendidikan karakter

  12. Program Analysis as Model Checking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Mads Chr.

    and abstract interpretation. Model checking views the program as a finite automaton and tries to prove logical properties over the automaton model, or present a counter-example if not possible — with a focus on precision. Abstract interpretation translates the program semantics into abstract semantics...... problems as the other by a reformulation. This thesis argues that there is even a convergence on the practical level, and that a generalisation of the formalism of timed automata into lattice automata captures key aspects of both methods; indeed model checking timed automata can be formulated in terms...... of an abstract interpretation. For the generalisation to lattice automata to have benefit it is important that efficient tools exist. This thesis presents multi-core tools for efficient and scalable reachability and Büchi emptiness checking of timed/lattice automata. Finally, a number of case studies...

  13. Estimativa da acidez potencial pelo método do pH SMP em solos com elevado teor de matéria orgânica Estimation of potencial acidity by the pH SMP method in soils with higher organic matter content in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Gervasio Pereira

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Apesar do potencial para uso agrícola e das características edáficas peculiares, poucos são os métodos desenvolvidos para a recomendação de adubação e calagem para os solos com elevado teor de matéria orgânica. O objetivo deste estudo foi definir um modelo matemático que estime a acidez potencial (H+Al a partir do pH SMP medido em água e em solução de CaCl2 0,01 mol L-1 em solos com elevado teor de matéria orgânica. Foram utilizadas 41 amostras de horizontes superficiais de solos com elevado teor de matéria orgânica de vários Estados do Brasil. Os resultados demonstraram que a acidez potencial pode ser estimada por meio da regressão da solução-tampão SMP (r =0,85**. Também foi observada correlação significativa (r = 0,65** entre o pH em CaCl2 0,01 mol L-1 e o pH SMP.In spite of agricultural potential for use and the peculiar edaphic characteristics, there are few methods developed for manuring and liming recommendation for soils with high organic matter contents. The objective of this study was to determine a mathematical model that estimates the potencial acidity with pH SMP measured in water and in solution of CaCl2 0.01 mol L-1 in soil with high organic matter content. Forty one surface soil samples of Histosols and other soils whith higher organic matter content of different states of Brazil were utilized. The results showed that potential acidity can be estimated by pH SMP buffer suspension regression ( R=0.85** and that in pH determined in CaCl2 0.01 mol L-1 was significantly correlated (R= 0.65** to pH determined in SMP.

  14. PENDEKATAN BRAINSTORMINGROUND-ROBIN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN KOMUNIKASIMATEMATIS SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maya Siti Rohmah

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan kemampuan komunikasi matematis siswa yang pembelajarannya menggunakan Brainstorming Round-Robin dibandingkan dengan siswa yang pembelajarannya konvensional. Penelitian kuasi eksperimen ini mengambil populasi siswa kelas VII pada salah satu SMP di kabupaten Bandung Barat dengan sampel 2 kelas. Dari dua kelas yang dipilih dalam penelitian ini, salah satunya digunakan sebagai kelas eksperimen yang memperoleh pembelajaran dengan pendekatan Brainstorming Round-Robin, sedangkan kelas lainnnya sebagai kelas kontrol yang pembelajarannya konvensional. Kedua kelompok diberikan pretes dan postes kemampuan komunikasi matematis. Data N-gain yang diperoleh diuji secara kuantitatif dengan uji perbedaan rerata nonparametrik Mann-Whitney. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan kemampuan komunikasi matematis siswa yang mendapat pembelajaran dengan menggunakan pendekatan Brainstorming Round-Robin lebih baik daripada siswa yang pembelajarannya konvensional. Kata Kunci    :     Brainstorming Round-Robin, KomunikasiMatematis     ABSTRACT The aims of these research are to determine anincrease in mathematics communication of students who obtain learning using Round-Robin Brainstormingbetter thanstudents who receivedconventional learning. This quasi experimental take population all students at class VII in one of public secondary school in West Bandung district with 2 classes as sample. From this 2 classes choosen in this research, one of them as an experimental classthatacquirelearningwithRound-Robin Brainstormingapproach, and the other one as acontrol class that receive conventional learning. Both groups weregiven thepretest and posttest of mathematics communication. N-gain data obtainedquantitatively,testedwitha meandifference testnonparametricMann-Whitney. The results showedthat an achievement and increase inmathematics communication of students thatgetslearning using

  15. PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN KOSAKATA BAHASA INGGRIS BERBANTUAN KOMPUTER UNTUK SISWA SMP KELAS VII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bastani Bastani

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1 menghasilkan media pembelajaran kosakata bahasa Inggris berbantuan komputer untuk siswa SMP kelas VII; dan (2 mengetahui kelayakan media pada aspek materi, pemrograman, dan tampilan. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian dan pengembangan dengan menggunakan model pengembangan Borg & Gall dan Alessi & Trollip’s yang telah dimodifikasi. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan melalui tiga tahap, yaitu perencanaan, desain, dan pengembangan. Tahap perencanaan meliputi penetapan tujuan dan penganalisisan kebutuhan. Tahap desain meliputi penyelenggaraan focus group discussion, pembuatan flowchart, storyboard, penyiapan materi, dan bahan pendukung. Tahap pengembangan meliputi pembuatan aplikasi berdasarkan flowchart dan storyboard, validasi ahli dan validasi pengguna. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuesioner/angket dan tes. Hasil penelitian dan pengembangan ini adalah: (1 produk media pembelajaran kosakata bahasa Inggris berbantuan komputer dalam bentuk CD pembelajaran dan print out produk; dan (2 kelayakan media ditinjau dari aspek materi termasuk kriteria sangat layak dengan rata-rata skor 4,47 pada skala lima, aspek pemrograman termasuk kriteria sangat layak dengan rata-rata skor 4,21 dan aspek tampilan termasuk kriteria sangat layak dengan rata-rata skor 4,44. Kata kunci: pengembangan, media pembelajaran, kosakata, pembelajaran berbantuan komputer.

  16. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DALAM MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR SISWA DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 1 KOTA PROBOLINGGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Fuad Abdul Baqi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Education is an anticipatory action, because what is done in education will now be applied in human life in the future. Therefore education today should be able to address issues and solve the problems faced especially at this time. Education is not a simple effort but rather an activity that is dynamic and full of challenges. Therefore SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Kota Probolinggo in this case is one of many educational institutions are considered to be a reference and the choice of the people in the study because of religious education are much in demand by the public. Therefore, the author wishes to make SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Kota Probolinggo as an object of research, especially in the field of Islamic religious education that includes learning methods, the professionalism of teachers and school facilities. To further the author presented in the form of a thesis with the title. Implementation of Islamic Education in Improving Student Achievement in SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Kota Probolinggo

  17. Effect of SMP-028 on steroidogenesis in rats; mechanism of toxicological events on endocrine organs of rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishizato, Yohei; Imai, Satoki; Yabunaka, Atsushi; Okahashi, Noriko; Kunimatsu, Takeshi; Yabuki, Masashi

    2014-04-01

    SMP-028 is a new compound for treatment of asthma. Oral administration of SMP-028 to rats was associated with toxicological events in endocrine organs. These events mainly consisted of pathological changes in the adrenal gland, testis, prostate, seminal vesicle, ovaries, and uterus. In this study, we set to clarify whether SMP-028 inhibits steroidogenesis in primary culture cells obtained from rat endocrine organs in vitro. Adrenal cells, testicular cells, and ovarian cells were treated with SMP-028 and the production of steroid hormones, i.e., progesterone, aldosterone, corticosterone, total testosterone, and estradiol from these cells was measured by radioimmunoassay. We found that the production of progesterone from these cells treated with SMP-028 at 1 μM decreased to 16-67% that of the control. These findings indicate that SMP-028 inhibits steroidogenesis in rat endocrine organs in vitro. Considering that free maximum concentration in rats treated with SMP-028 are higher than the IC50 values for the inhibition of steroidogenesis in vitro, it is therefore believed that the toxicological events seen in rats following treatment with SMP-028 are due to inhibition of steroidogenesis in vivo.

  18. Wave equation modelling using Julia programming language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ahreum; Ryu, Donghyun; Ha, Wansoo

    2016-04-01

    Julia is a young high-performance dynamic programming language for scientific computations. It provides an extensive mathematical function library, a clean syntax and its own parallel execution model. We developed 2d wave equation modeling programs using Julia and C programming languages and compared their performance. We used the same modeling algorithm for the two modeling programs. We used Julia version 0.3.9 in this comparison. We declared data type of function arguments and used inbounds macro in the Julia program. Numerical results showed that the C programs compiled with Intel and GNU compilers were faster than Julia program, about 18% and 7%, respectively. Taking the simplicity of dynamic programming language into consideration, Julia can be a novel alternative of existing statically typed programming languages.

  19. Clemson University Science Master's Program in Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure: A program evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sell, Elizabeth Eberhart

    The Clemson University Science Master's Program (SMP) in Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure is a program which aims to link engineering, materials, construction, environment, architecture, business, and public policy to produce graduates with unique holistic perspective and expertise to immediately contribute to the workforce in the area of sustainable and resilient infrastructure. A program evaluation of the SMP has been performed to study the effectiveness of the SMP and identify areas where the goals and vision of the SMP are achieved and areas where improvements can be made. This was completed by analysis of trends within survey responses, review of Master's thesis reports, and review of courses taken. It was found that the SMP has facilitated new interdisciplinary research collaborations of faculty in different concentration areas within the Glenn Department of Civil Engineering, as well as collaboration with faculty in other departments. It is recommended that a course which provides instruction in all eight competency areas be required for all SMP students to provide a comprehensive overview and ensure all students are exposed to concepts of all competency areas. While all stakeholders are satisfied with the program and believe it has been successful thus far, efforts do need to be made as the program moves forward to address and improve some items that have been mentioned as needing improvement. The concerns about concentration courses, internship planning, and advising should be addressed. This evaluation provides benefits to prospective students, current SMP participants, and outside program supporters. The goal of this evaluation is to provide support that the SMP is an effective and worthwhile program for participating students, while attempting to identify any necessary program improvements and provide recommendations for achieving these improvements. This goal has been accomplished.

  20. Two-Way Bending Properties of Shape Memory Composite with SMA and SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hisaaki Tobushi

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A shape memory composite (SMC was fabricated with a shape memory alloy (SMA and a shape memory polymer (SMP, and its two-way bending deformation and recovery force were investigated. The results obtained can be summarized as follows: (1 two kinds of SMA tapes which show the shape memory effect (SME and superelasticity (SE were heat-treated to memorize the round shape. The shape-memorized round SMA tapes were arranged facing in the opposite directions and were sandwiched between the SMP sheets. The SMC belt can be fabricated by using the appropriate factors: the number of SMP sheets, the pressing force, the heating temperature and the hold time. (2 The twoway bending deformation with an angle of 56 degrees in the fabricated SMC belt is observed based on the SME and SE of the SMA tapes during heating and cooling. (3 If the SMC belt is heated and cooled by keeping the bent form, the recovery force increases during heating and degreases during cooling based on the two-way properties of the SMC. (4 The development and application of high-functional SMCs are expected by the combination of the SMA and the SMP with various kinds of phase transformation temperatures, volume fractions, configurations and heating-cooling rates.

  1. Synthetic models of distributed memory parallel programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poplawski, D.A. (Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (USA). Dept. of Computer Science)

    1990-09-01

    This paper deals with the construction and use of simple synthetic programs that model the behavior of more complex, real parallel programs. Synthetic programs can be used in many ways: to construct an easily ported suite of benchmark programs, to experiment with alternate parallel implementations of a program without actually writing them, and to predict the behavior and performance of an algorithm on a new or hypothetical machine. Synthetic programs are constructed easily from scratch, from existing programs, and can even be constructed using nothing but information obtained from traces of the real program's execution.

  2. UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PEROLEHAN KOSAKATA DALAM PEMAHAMAN MEMBACA BAHASA INGGRIS MENGGUNAKAN VSS PADA SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Windarti Windarti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan perolehan kosakata dalam pemahaman membaca bahasa Inggris menggunakan Vocabulary Self-Collection Strategy (VSS siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Kalasan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK, yang terdiri dari dua siklus. Tiap siklus terdiri dari empat tahap, yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Subjek penelitian ini adalah 32 siswa kelas VII B SMP Negeri 3 Kalasan tahun ajaran 2013/2014. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu observasi, tes, dan wawancara. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu deskriptif kuantitatif dan deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa penerapan strategi VSS dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan perolehan kosakata dalam pemahaman membaca bahasa Inggris. Peningkatan hasil belajar siswa ditunjukkan dengan meningkatnya jumlah siswa yang lulus standar KKM pada siklus I dan II. Nilai rata-rata tes pada siklus I adalah 77,2. Nilai rata-rata tes pada siklus II adalah 82,4. Kesimpulan pada penelitian ini adalah bahwa penerapan strategi VSS dapat meningkatkan perolehan kosakata bahasa Inggris dalam pemahaman membaca siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Kalasan. Kata kunci: VSS, perolehan kosakata, pemahaman membaca bahasa Inggris. THE EFFORT TO IMPROVE VOCABULARY ACQUISITION IN ENGLISH READING COMPREHENSION USING VSS ON THE STUDENTS OF SMP Abstract This study aims to improve vocabulary acquisition in English reading comprehension using Vocabulary Self-Collection Strategy (VSS on the seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 3 Kalasan. This was an action reserch study consisting of two cycles. Each cycle consisted of four steps, namely planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. The research subjects were 32 seventh grade students of SMP 3 Kalasan in the academic year of 2013/2014. The data were collected through observation, tests, and interviews and analyzed by means of quantitative and qualitative descriptive

  3. Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Dan Kemandirian Belajar Siswa Smp Melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanti Jumaisyaroh

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian kuasi eksperimen ini untuk mengetahui: (1 perbedaan peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis matematis siswa yang diberi pembelajaran berbasis masalah dengan siswa yang diberi pembelajaran langsung; (2 interaksi pembelajaran  dengan kemampuan awal matematika terhadap peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis matematis siswa; (3 perbedaan peningkatan kemandirian belajar siswa yang diberi pembelajaran berbasis masalah dengan siswa yang diberi pembelajaran langsung; (4 interaksi pembelajaran dengan kemampuan awal matematika terhadap peningkatan kemandirian belajar siswa. Populasinya adalah seluruh siswa SMP Swasta Ar-rahman Percut dan sampelnya adalah siswa kelas VIII  sebanyak 60 orang. Instrumen yang digunakan terdiri dari tes kemampuan berpikir kritis matematis dan skala kemandirian belajar. Data dianalisis dengan uji ANAVA dua jalur. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh: (1 peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis matematis siswa yang diberi pembelajaran berbasis masalah lebih tinggi daripada yang diberi pembelajaran langsung; (2 tidak terdapat interaksi antara  pembelajaran dengan kemampuan awal matematika terhadap peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis matematis; (3 peningkatan kemandirian belajar siswa yang diberi pembelajaran berbasis masalah lebih tinggi daripada yang diberi pembelajaran langsung (4 tidak terdapat interaksi antara pembelajaran dengan kemampuan awal matematika terhadap peningkatan kemandirian belajar.Kata Kunci:   Berpikir Kritis Matematis, Kemandirian Belajar ABSTRACTThe purposes of this research were to know: (1 The difference of improvement in mathematical critical thinking ability of students that given problem-based learning  with students that given direct learning; (2 The interaction between the model of learning with students’ mathematical previous knowledge toward the improvement in mathematical critical thinking ability; (3 The difference of improvement in self-regulated learning of students that

  4. MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS BELAJAR SISWA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE GROUP INVESTIGATION (GI PADA POKOK BAHASAN PASAR DI KELAS VIII SMP 5 KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mutthofiyah Mutthofiyah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untukmeningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa dengan menggunakan metode group investigation (GI pada pokok bahasan pasar pada penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK. Dalam penelitian ini dirancang menggunakan siklus, masing-masing siklus dengan tahapan perencanaan, pelaksanaan tindakan, observasi dan refleksi. Teknik pengumpulan data pada penelitian ini adalah dokumentasi, observasi dan tes.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan melalui meningkatkan metode group investigation (GI aktivitas siswa SMP 5 Kudus ada peningkatan yang sigifikan, dari siklus I kelas VIII F 15,8 (41,62% meningkat di siklus II menjadi 24,8 (72,9%, sedangkan di kelas VIII G siklus I 18,5 (47,04% meningkat menjadi 26,2 (74,7%; melalui penerapan metode group investigation hasil belajar siswa SMP 5 kudus meningkat sangat signifkan, ketuntasan belajar secara klasikal dari kelas VIII F pra siklus sebesar 17,64% terjadi peningkatan 47% ke siklus I dan meningkat menjadi 82,35% di siklus II. Sedangkan di kelas VII G pra siklus sebesar 22,85% meningkat 54,28% di siklus I dan meningkat menjadi 94,28% di siklus II. Saran yang peneliti berikan adalah sebagai berikut:1Kepada para guru diharapkan dapat menerapkan pembelajaran kooperatif khususnya pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Group Investigation (GI dalam proses pembelajaran ekonomi dan mata pelajaran lainya dan mengembangkannya; 2 Kepada para peneliti selanjutnya diharapkan dapat melakukan penelitian tentang penerapan model pembelajaran yang dapat membangkitkan keaktifan siswa untuk belajar ekonomi. This study aims to improve students' learning activities using group investigation (GI on the subject of markets in class VIII SMP 5 Kudus. In this study is designed to use cycles, with each cycle stages of planning, action, observation and reflection. Data collection techniques in this study is documentation, observation and tests. Results showed through improved methods of group investigation (GI junior 5 high

  5. A Unified Approach to Modeling and Programming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ole Lehrmann; Møller-Pedersen, Birger

    2010-01-01

    of this paper is to go back to the future and get inspiration from SIMULA and propose a unied approach. In addition to reintroducing the contributions of SIMULA and the Scandinavian approach to object-oriented programming, we do this by discussing a number of issues in modeling and programming and argue3 why we......SIMULA was a language for modeling and programming and provided a unied approach to modeling and programming in contrast to methodologies based on structured analysis and design. The current development seems to be going in the direction of separation of modeling and programming. The goal...

  6. Soluble microbial product (SMP characterization in bench-scale aerobic and anaerobic CSTRs under different operational conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. L. Mesquita

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This work presents results on the production and characterization (by both mass spectrometry and conventional chemical analyses of Soluble Microbial Products (SMP that accumulated in aerobic and anaerobic bench scale completely stirred tank reactors (CSTRs fed with glucose or acetate under different hydraulic retention times (HRT and temperatures. SMP accumulation varied from 2 to 68% of the influent COD in the aerobic reactor and from 9 to 27% in the anaerobic reactor and increased with the decrease in temperature and with the HRT reduction in the aerobic reactor. On the other hand, in the anaerobic reactor, the organic loading rate and the temperature had little impact on SMP production, implying that the SMP originated from different mechanisms in each system. For both reactors, a higher accumulation of SMPs was observed as the substrate was acetate when compared to glucose, and the chemical analysis showed that the majority of the SMP did not seem to be proteins or carbohydrates. Principal component analysis (PCA of the mass spectra from positive and negative mode electron-spray ionization (LC-IT-TOF-MS and results from matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS confirmed the chemical analyses and showed the absence of proteins in the effluents and the predominance of low molecular weight SMP. The PCA analysis also showed that the majority of the SMP from aerobic and anaerobic reactors did not seem to originate from soluble extracellular polymeric substances (EPS or cell lysis products.

  7. A Type Graph Model for Java Programs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensink, Arend; Zambon, Eduardo

    2009-01-01

    In this report we present a type graph that models all executable constructs of the Java programming language. Such a model is useful for any graph-based technique that relies on a representation of Java programs as graphs. The model can be regarded as a common representation to which all Java

  8. A Type Graph Model for Java Programs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensink, Arend; Zambon, Eduardo; Lee, D.; Lopes, A.; Poetzsch-Heffter, A.

    2009-01-01

    In this work we present a type graph that models all executable constructs of the Java programming language. Such a model is useful for any graph-based technique that relies on a representation of Java programs as graphs. The model can be regarded as a common representation to which all Java syntax

  9. A Type Graph Model for Java Programs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensink, Arend; Zambon, Eduardo; Lee, D.; Lopes, A.; Poetzsch-Heffter, A.

    2009-01-01

    In this work we present a type graph that models all executable constructs of the Java programming language. Such a model is useful for any graph-based technique that relies on a representation of Java programs as graphs. The model can be regarded as a common representation to which all Java syntax

  10. A Type Graph Model for Java Programs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensink, Arend; Zambon, Eduardo

    2009-01-01

    In this report we present a type graph that models all executable constructs of the Java programming language. Such a model is useful for any graph-based technique that relies on a representation of Java programs as graphs. The model can be regarded as a common representation to which all Java synta

  11. Mental Models and Programming Aptitude

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caspersen, Michael Edelgaard; Bennedsen, Jens; Larsen, Kasper Dalgaard

    2007-01-01

    Predicting the success of students participating in introductory programming courses has been an active research area for more than 25 years. Until recently, no variables or tests have had any significant predictive power. However, Dehnadi and Bornat claim to have found a simple test...... for programming aptitude to cleanly separate programming sheep from non-programming goats. We briefly present their theory and test instrument. We have repeated their test in our local context in order to verify and perhaps generalise their findings, but we could not show that the test predicts students' success...... in our introductory program-ming course. Based on this failure of the test instrument, we discuss various explanations for our differing results and suggest a research method from which it may be possible to generalise local results in this area. Furthermore, we discuss and criticize Dehnadi and Bornat...

  12. Differential program evaluation model in child protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalayants, Marina

    2012-01-01

    Increasingly attention has been focused to the degree to which social programs have effectively and efficiently delivered services. Using the differential program evaluation model by Tripodi, Fellin, and Epstein (1978) and by Bielawski and Epstein (1984), this paper described the application of this model to evaluating a multidisciplinary clinical consultation practice in child protection. This paper discussed the uses of the model by demonstrating them through the four stages of program initiation, contact, implementation, and stabilization. This organizational case study made a contribution to the model by introducing essential and interrelated elements of a "practical evaluation" methodology in evaluating social programs, such as a participatory evaluation approach; learning, empowerment and sustainability; and a flexible individualized approach to evaluation. The study results demonstrated that by applying the program development model, child-protective administrators and practitioners were able to evaluate the existing practices and recognize areas for program improvement.

  13. Mathematical Programming Models in Educational Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamara, James F.

    This document begins by defining and discussing educational planning. A brief overview of mathematical programing with an explanation of the general linear programing model is then provided. Some recent applications of mathematical programing techniques to educational planning problems are reviewed, and their implications for educational research…

  14. A Parallel Programming Model With Sequential Semantics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    Parallel programming is more difficult than sequential programming in part because of the complexity of reasoning, testing, and debugging in the...context of concurrency. In the thesis, we present and investigate a parallel programming model that provides direct control of parallelism in a notation

  15. PENGARUH MOTIVASI DAN KEPUASAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMP NEGRI 5 MAGELANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutviani Rahayu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah guru PNS di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang sebanyak 38 responden. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa persamaan garis regresi linier berganda yaitu Y = 0,182 + 0,283 + e; Y (kinerja guru, X1 (motivasi, X2 (kepuasan kerja. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh antara motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. OutputSPSS pengaruh X1 terhadap Y sebesar 0,643 dengan nilai hubungan parsial sebesar 12,1% pada taraf signifikansi 0,035, sedangkan X2 terhadap Y sebesar 0,178 dengan hubungan parsial sebesar 17,8% pada taraf signifikansi 0,011. Jadi semakin baik motivasi dan kepuasan kerja maka semakin baik pula kinerja guru. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there is an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on theteachers’ performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang either simultaneously or partially. The population in this research was a public civil servants in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang are 38 respondents. The collecting method was questionnaire and documentation. The analysis data technique were descriptive. The analysis showed that the multiple linear regression equation is Y = 0,182X1 + 0,283X2 + E, with Y (teachers’ performance, X1 (motivation, X2 (job satisfaction. These results indicated that there was an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on the teachers’s performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. The SPSS output effect of X1 on Y of 0.643 with a value 12.1% partial relationship at a significance level of 0.035, while the X2 to Y of 0.178 with 17.8% partial relations at a significance level of 0.011. So the better motivation and job satisfaction, the better the

  16. Induction of renal senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) expression by testosterone and its contribution to urinary calcium absorption in male rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Po-Han; Jian, Cai-Yun; Chou, Jou-Chun; Chen, Chien-Wei; Chen, Chih-Chieh; Soong, Christina; Hu, Sindy; Lieu, Fu-Kong; Wang, Paulus S.; Wang, Shyi-Wu

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of androgen, mainly testosterone, in the expression of renal senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) in male rats. We found that the renal SMP30 expression was up-regulated by endogenous testosterone stimulation during puberty. Interestingly, androgen-deficient orchidectomized (ORX) rats exhibited lower SMP30 mRNA and protein expression in the kidney, and that was restored by testosterone propionate (TP) replacement. Abrogation of androgen receptor (AR) activity by co-treatment with flutamide abolished testosterone-induced SMP30 expression in the kidney as well as in the NRK52E cells. However, SMP30 expression was unaltered in the liver of ORX rats. We also showed a positive correlation between renal SMP30 expression and plasma testosterone level during the aging process. TP-induced SMP30 expression in ovariectomized (OVX) rats was observed and was an evidence to explain the gender difference of SMP30 levels. Immunofluorescence assay showed that renal SMP30 was specifically expressed in the proximal tubular segments of the kidney. The urinary Ca2+ level was increased in both ORX and male aging rats. Taken together, our results indicate a novel role of testosterone in regulating SMP30 expression specifically in the kidney to contribute to urinary calcium absorption. PMID:27553527

  17. Applied Integer Programming Modeling and Solution

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Der-San; Dang, Yu

    2011-01-01

    An accessible treatment of the modeling and solution of integer programming problems, featuring modern applications and software In order to fully comprehend the algorithms associated with integer programming, it is important to understand not only how algorithms work, but also why they work. Applied Integer Programming features a unique emphasis on this point, focusing on problem modeling and solution using commercial software. Taking an application-oriented approach, this book addresses the art and science of mathematical modeling related to the mixed integer programming (MIP) framework and

  18. Global Systems-Level Analysis of Hfq and SmpB Deletion Mutants in Salmonella: Implications for Virulence and Global Protein Translation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ansong, Charles; Yoon, Hyunjin; Porwollik, Steffen; Mottaz-Brewer, Heather; Petritis, Brianne O.; Jaitly, Navdeep; Adkins, Joshua N.; Mcclelland, Michael; Heffron, Fred; Smith, Richard D.

    2009-03-11

    In recent years the profound importance of sRNA-mediated translational/post-transcriptional regulation has been increasingly appreciated. However, the global role played by translational regulation in control of gene expression has never been elucidated in any organism for the simple reason that global proteomics methods required to accurately characterize post-transcriptional processes and the knowledge of translational control mechanisms have only become available within the last few years. The proteins Hfq and SmpB are essential for the biological activity of a range of regulatory sRNAs and thus provide a means to identify potential targets of sRNA regulation. We performed a sample-matched global proteomics and transcriptional analysis to examine the role of Hfq and SmpB in global protein translation and virulence using the Salmonella typhimurium model system. Samples were analyzed from bacteria grown under four different conditions; two laboratory conditions and two that are thought to mimic the intracellular environment. We show that mutants of hfq and smpB directly or indirectly modulate at least 20% and 4% of all Salmonella proteins, respectively, with limited correlation between transcription and protein expression. This is the first report suggesting that SmpB could be a general translational regulator. The broad spectrum of proteins modulated by Hfq was also surprising including central metabolism, LPS biosynthesis, two-component regulatory systems, quorum sensing, SP1-TTSS, oxidative stress, fatty acid metabolism, nucleoside and nucleotide metabolism, envelope stress, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, amino acid biosynthesis, peptide transport, and motility.. The extent of global regulation of translation by Hfq is unexpected, with profound effects in all stages of Salmonella’s life cycle. Our results represent the first global systems-level analysis of translational regulation; the elucidated potential targets of sRNA regulation from our analysis will

  19. KEEFEKTIFAN PAIRED STORYTELLING DAN JIGSAW DALAM PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI BERBICARA SISWA KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI 3 SLEMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurmiyati Nurmiyati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui: (1 apakah ada perbedaan keefektifan antara teknik paired storytelling, jigsaw, dan konvensional dalam meningkatkan kompetensi berbicara siswa, (2 teknik pembelajaran berbicara yang paling efektif antara ketiga teknik penelitian itu dalam meningkatkan kompetensi berbicara siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 3 Sleman. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian eksperimen semu dengan nonequivalent control-group design. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 Ada perbedaan keefektifan antara teknik paired storytelling, jigsaw, and konvensional itu dalam meningkatkan kompetensi berbicara siswa dengan nilai F sebesar 3,532 dan signifikan dengan P < 0,05, yaitu sebesar 0,033, dan (2 teknik paired storytelling adalah teknik keterampilan berbicara yang paling efektif diantara ketiga teknik itu dalam meningkatkan kompetensi berbicara siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 3 Sleman dengan mean tertinggi sebesar 74,3492. Kata kunci: teknik paired storytelling, teknik jigsaw, teknik konvensional, kompetensi berbicara

  20. tmRNA-SmpB: a journey to the centre of the bacterial ribosome.

    OpenAIRE

    Weis, Félix; Bron, Patrick; Giudice, Emmanuel; Rolland, Jean-Paul; Thomas, Daniel; Felden, Brice; Gillet, Reynald

    2010-01-01

    International audience; Ribosomes mediate protein synthesis by decoding the information carried by messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and catalysing peptide bond formation between amino acids. When bacterial ribosomes stall on incomplete messages, the trans-translation quality control mechanism is activated by the transfer-messenger RNA bound to small protein B (tmRNA-SmpB ribonucleoprotein complex). Trans-translation liberates the stalled ribosomes and triggers degradation of the incomplete proteins. He...

  1. Jenis-Jenis Buta Warna Pada Siswa Smp Panca Budi Medan Tahun 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Sari, Julia

    2016-01-01

    Background : Color blindness is inability or decreased ability to see color, or perceive color differences, under normal lighting conditions. Color blindness can be classified as acquired and inherited or congenital. There are two types of inherited or congenital color blindness: dyschromatopsia, achromatopsia. Methods : This is a descriptive observational study with cross sectional method. Color vision was tested in Students of SMP Panca Budi Medan using Ishihara 14 test plate after indir...

  2. Model Checking JAVA Programs Using Java Pathfinder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havelund, Klaus; Pressburger, Thomas

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes a translator called JAVA PATHFINDER from JAVA to PROMELA, the "programming language" of the SPIN model checker. The purpose is to establish a framework for verification and debugging of JAVA programs based on model checking. This work should be seen in a broader attempt to make formal methods applicable "in the loop" of programming within NASA's areas such as space, aviation, and robotics. Our main goal is to create automated formal methods such that programmers themselves can apply these in their daily work (in the loop) without the need for specialists to manually reformulate a program into a different notation in order to analyze the program. This work is a continuation of an effort to formally verify, using SPIN, a multi-threaded operating system programmed in Lisp for the Deep-Space 1 spacecraft, and of previous work in applying existing model checkers and theorem provers to real applications.

  3. PERBEDAAN SELF-REGULATED LEARNING DITINJAU DARI POLA ASUH ORANGTUA PADA SISWA KELAS VIII SMP FRANSISKUS DAN SMP PGRI 01 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lintang Januardini

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Relationship between parents and adolescents influence achievement at school. The research was conducted to determine differences of self-regulated learning (SRL in terms of parenting style. The population is 8th grade students of junior high school in SMP Fransiskus and SMP PGRI 01 Semarang. The hypothesis is there are differences of SRL in terms of parenting style. Parenting is overall characteristic of parent’s behavior on adolescents, including a response in the form of parental warmth, sensitivity and criticism, discipline, and involvement (control. Self-regulated learning is the ability of students to use metacognition, motivation and behavior to achieve learning goals. Method of data collection used two scales namely Parenting Scale and Self Regulated Learning scale. Parenting Scale consists of 42 aitem (α = 0.931 and the SRL scale consists of 37 aitem (α = 0.906. This study involved 208 students. Sampling technique carried out by cluster random sampling. Data analysis was performed by one way analysis of variance (one way-Anova. Based on the data analysis, obtained F count = 3152 with p = 0.029 (p<0.05. This result indicates that there are significant differences in SRL on students with the type of parenting authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and neglect, so the hypothesis was accepted. Keywords: Parenting style, SRL, 8th grade students

  4. PENINGKATAN KUALITAS BERMAIN PERAN SISWA KELAS VIII SMP 1 TEPUS DENGAN TEKNIK LEARNING GAME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutrisno Sutrisno

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peningkatan kualitas proses dan hasil pembelajaran bermain peran siswa kelas VIII SMP dengan menggunakan teknik Learning Game. Game yang digunakan adalah permainan Joko Tingkir dan permainan Tebak Peran. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK. Guru bertindak sebagai peneliti yang bekerja sama dengan kolaborator, yakni guru Bahasa Indonesia dan Kepala Sekolah SMP 1 Tepus. Subjek penelitian yang dikenai tindakan adalah siswa kelas VIIIA SMP 1 Tepus Gunungkidul, DIY, tahun ajaran 2011/2012 yang berjumlah 34 siswa. Penelitian ini terdiri atas dua siklus. Setiap siklus dibagi menjadi tiga kali pertemuan. Prosedur pelaksanaan setiap siklus terdiri atas empat tahap, yakni perencanaan, pelaksanaan tindakan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah angket, wawan-cara, pengamatan, dan pencermatan dokumen. Analisis dilakukan dengan teknik deskriptif kualitatif yang didukung oleh data kuantitatif.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dengan teknik Learning Game dalam pembelajaran bermain peran, kualitas proses dan hasil pembelajaran meningkat. Peningkatan kualitas proses pembelajaran meliputi aspek interaksi dan komunikasi dalam pembelajaran, kerja sama dalam kelompok, dan keseriusan dalam mengikuti pembelajaran. Adapun peningkatan kualitas hasil pembelajaran meliputi kemampuan vokal, intonasi, ekspresi, dan gestur. Keempat kemampuan tersebut masing-masing mengalami peningkatan nilai rata-rata lebih dari 25%. Hal ini sesuai dengan kriteria keberhasilan tindakan yang ditetapkan. Kata Kunci: bermain peran, teknik Learning Game

  5. A Model for Slicing JAVA Programs Hierarchically

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bi-Xin Li; Xiao-Cong Fan; Jun Pang; Jian-Jun Zhao

    2004-01-01

    Program slicing can be effectively used to debug, test, analyze, understand and maintain objectoriented software. In this paper, a new slicing model is proposed to slice Java programs based on their inherent hierarchical feature. The main idea of hierarchical slicing is to slice programs in a stepwise way, from package level, to class level, method level, and finally up to statement level. The stepwise slicing algorithm and the related graph reachability algorithms are presented, the architecture of the Java program Analyzing Tool (JATO) based on hierarchical slicing model is provided, the applications and a small case study are also discussed.

  6. Geometric Modeling Application Interface Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-11-01

    Manual IDEF-Extended ( IDEFIX ) Integrated Information Support System (IISS), ICAM Project 6201, Contract F33615-80-C-5155, December 1985. Interim...Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, M. P. de Carmo, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1976. IDEFIX Readers Reference, D. Appleton Company, December 1985...Modeling. IDEFI -- IDEF Information Modeling. IDEFIX -- IDEF Extended Information Modeling. IDEF2 -- IDEF Dynamics Modeling. IDSS -- Integrated Decision

  7. Translational research into species differences of endocrine toxicity via steroidogenesis inhibition by SMP-028 — For human safety in clinical study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishizato, Yohei, E-mail: yohei-nishizato@ds-pharma.co.jp [Preclinical Research Laboratories, Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co., Ltd., 33-94, Enoki-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-0053 (Japan); Imai, Satoki [Preclinical Research Laboratories, Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co., Ltd., 33-94, Enoki-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-0053 (Japan); Okahashi, Noriko [Research Planning and Intelligence, Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co., Ltd., 33-94, Enoki-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-0053 (Japan); Yabunaka, Atsushi; Kunimatsu, Takeshi [Preclinical Research Laboratories, Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co., Ltd., 33-94, Enoki-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-0053 (Japan); Kikuchi, Kaoru [Innovative Drug Discovery Laboratories, Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co., Ltd., 33-94, Enoki-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-0053 (Japan); Yabuki, Masashi [Preclinical Research Laboratories, Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co., Ltd., 33-94, Enoki-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-0053 (Japan)

    2014-05-01

    SMP-028 is a drug candidate developed for the treatment of asthma. In a 13-week repeated dose toxicity study of SMP-028 in rats and monkeys, differences of endocrine toxicological events between rats and monkeys were observed. In rats, these toxicological events mainly consisted of pathological changes in the adrenal, testis, ovary, and the other endocrine-related organs. On the other hand, in monkeys, no toxicological events were observed. The goal of this study is to try to understand the reason why only rats, but not monkeys, showed toxicological events following treatment with SMP-028 and to eventually predict the possible toxicological effect of this compound on human endocrine organs. Our results show that SMP-028 inhibits neutral cholesterol esterase more strongly than other steroidogenic enzymes in rats. Although SMP-028 also inhibits monkeys and human neutral cholesterol esterase, this inhibition is much weaker than that of rat neutral cholesterol esterase. These results indicate (1) that the difference in endocrine toxicological events between rats and monkeys is mainly due to inhibition of steroidogenesis by SMP-028 in rats, not in monkeys, and (2) that SMP-028 may not affect steroidogenesis in humans and therefore might cause no endocrine toxicological events in clinical studies. - Highlights: • SMP-028 inhibits neutral CEase more strongly than other steroidogenic enzymes in rats. • Inhibition of neutral CEase in rats by SMP-028 suppresses steroidogenesis in vivo. • SMP-028 does not inhibit neutral CEase in monkeys in vivo. • Steroidogenesis pathway in monkeys treated with SMP-028 was not suppressed. • SMP-028 may not inhibit LIPE in humans in vivo.

  8. PENINGKATAN PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS PUISI BEBAS MELALUI MEDIA LAGU MEDLEY SISWA KELAS VIII SMP SINTANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohanawati Silalahi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pembelajaran menulis puisi bebas melalui media lagu medley siswa kelas VIII B SMP Sintang. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas VIII B SMP Sintang. Penelitian ini merupakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK. Prosedur pelaksanaan dan implementasi penelitian dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Teknik pengumpulan data berupa obsevasi, wawancara, catatan lapangan, angket, evaluasi dan dokumentasi. Instrumen pengumpulan data meliputi lembar wawancara, lembar catatan lapangan, lembar angket, lembar tes hasil belajar dan lembar portofolio serta dokumentasi foto kegiatan. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis data kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan media lagu medley dapat meningkatkan pembelajaran menulis puisi bebas. Peningkatan hasil atau produk dapat dilihat dari perbandingan skor rata-rata keterampilan menulis puisi bebas siswa pada setiap siklus. Nilai rata-rata siswa pada tahap pratindakan adalah 55,23, pada saat siklus I meningkat menjadi 71,18, dan pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 73,4. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ DEVELOPING THE TEACHING OF FREE VERSE WRITING THROUGH MEDLEY SONG MEDIA TO GRADE VIII STUDENTS OF SMP SINTANG   Abstract This study aims to improve the teaching of free verse writing through medley song media to Grade VIII B students of SMP Sintang. The research subjects were Grade VIII B students of SMP Sintang,. This was a classroom action research (CAR. The research procedure and implementation were conducted in two cycles. The data were collected through observations, field notes, questionnaires, evaluations, and documentations. The data collecting instruments included interview sheets, field note sheets

  9. Proposal of Enhanced Extreme Programming Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rizwan Jameel Qureshi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Extreme programming is one of the commonly used agile methodologies in software development. It is very responsive to changing requirements even in the late phases of the project. However, quality activities in extreme programming phases are implemented sequentially along with the activities that work on the functional requirements. This reduces the agility to deliver increments continuously and makes an inverse relationship between quality and agility. Due to this relationship, extreme programming does not consume enough time on making extensive documentation and robust design. To overcome these issues, an enhanced extreme programming model is proposed. Enhanced extreme programming introduces parallelism in the activities' execution through putting quality activities into a separate execution line. In this way, the focus on delivering increments quickly is achieved without affecting the quality of the final output. In enhanced extreme programming, the quality concept is extended to include refinement of all phases of classical extreme programming and creating architectural design based on the refined design documents.

  10. Integer Programming Models for Computational Biology Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Giuseppe Lancia

    2004-01-01

    The recent years have seen an impressive increase in the use of Integer Programming models for the solution of optimization problems originating in Molecular Biology. In this survey, some of the most successful Integer Programming approaches are described, while a broad overview of application areas being is given in modern Computational Molecular Biology.

  11. PENGARUH KOMUNIKASI INTERN DAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP EFEKTIVITAS KERJA GURU DAN KARYAWAN SMP NEGERI 1 SURUH KABUPATEN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Muhsin

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang dikaji dalam penelitian ini adalah : 1 Adakah pengaruh komunikasi intern terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan? 2 Adakah pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan? 3 Seberapa besar pengaruh komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan? Tujuan penelitian ini adalah : 1 untuk mengetahui ada dan besarnya pengaruh komunikasi intern terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan. 2 Untuk mengetahui ada dan besarnya pengaruh Kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan. 3.Untuk mengetahui ada dan besarnya pengaruh komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua guru dan karyawan yang ada di SMP Negeri 1 Suruh kabupaten Semarang yang berjumlah 40 orang.. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan  program statistic SPSS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pengaruh positif antara Komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan sebesar 68,7%. Uji pengaruh secara parsial menunjukkan bahwa seluruh variabel bebas  Komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap Efektivitas kerja  dengan besarnya pengaruh masing-masing adalah 32,61% Untuk Komunikasi intern dan 25,62% untuk kepemimpinan kepala sekolah. Kata Kunci : Komunikasi Intern. Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Efektivitas Kerja

  12. Anode heating/cleaning and its effects on diode impedance in Self-Magnetic Pinch (SMP) Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renk, Timothy; Simpson, Sean; Zier, Jacob; Weber, Bruce

    2015-11-01

    The SMP diode is fielded on both the RITS-6 (3.5-8.5 MV) and Mercury (5.5 MV) accelerators, located at Sandia and the Naval Research Laboratory, respectively. This diode utilizes a hollowed metal cathode to produce focused electron beams (collapse beyond what may be attributed to normal A-K gap closure. This could be caused by gas evolution off the as-provided hardware making up the anode and cathode. The goal of heating the anode is to remove gases trapped within the bulk of the Ta anode, and so reduce the volume of evolving gases near the A-K gap. Two heating techniques have been investigated, a short-pulse (~1 sec) resulting in high Ta temperature (~3000 °C), and a longer (~100 sec) heating of the Ta to lower peak temperature (~1000 °C). Initial experiments indicate a modest improvement to diode performance. Additional experiments are ongoing, and latest results will be reported. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  13. HUBUNGAN ANTARA INTERAKSI SOSIAL TEMAN SEBAYA DENGAN KEMANDIRIAN PERILAKU REMAJA ( Studi Korelasional terhadap SMP N 1 Padang Panjang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridia Hasti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The ability of young people in foster independence behavior may be influenced by the social interaction of its peers. Phenomenon in the field most of the students like friends mocked when conveying ideas, some students lacked the courage to speak in front of friends and most difficult students convey their ideas to friends. The research aims to reveal how the relationship between social interaction with peers independence teenage behavior. Quantitative research methods to the type of correlational research. Student population SMP Negeri 1 Padang Panjang 703 people. Proportional sampling technique is random sampling with sample 88 people. The data analysis technique Pearson Product Moment formula with the program Statistical Product and Service Solution for windows release 17.0. There is a significant relationship between social interaction with peers independence adolescent behavior Pearson correlation of 0.389 significance level of 0.000, the relationship enough. Recommended for guidance counselor in order to improve counseling services and a facilitator to develop peer social interaction and independence behavior.

  14. PEMBELAJARAN FISIKA BERBASIS HANDS ON ACTIVITIES UNTUK MENUMBUHKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS DAN MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. I. Yuliati

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian tindakan kelas ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan model pembelajaran berbasis Hands on Activities, menumbuhkankemampuan berpikir kritis serta meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa SMP kelas VIII. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dalam tiga siklus.Setiap siklus terdiri dari empat tahap yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan tindakan, pengamatan dan refleksi. Data kemampuanberpikir kritis, hasil belajar afektif dan psikomotorik diperoleh dari lembar observasi, hasil belajar kognitif diperoleh melalui tes.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai kemampuan berpikir kritis meningkat secara signifikan disertai dengan peningkatanjumlah siswa yang termasuk kategori kritis maupun sangat kritis. Selain itu nilai rata-rata hasil belajar juga mengalami peningkatansecara signifikan sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan pembelajaran fisika berbasis Hands on Activities dapatmenumbuhkan kemampuan berpikir kritis serta meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. The goals of this three-cycles classroom action research are to describe Hands on Activities based learning model, grow criticalthinking ability and increase learning achievement of JHS student-grade VIII. The data of critical thinking ability, affective andpsychomotor learning achievement are derived from observation sheet, while those of cognitive learning achievement was takenfrom test. The result shows that there is a significant increase of critical thinking ability and average of learning achievement leadingto the conclusion that Hands on Activities based learning model, grow critical thinking ability and increase learning achievement ofJHS.Keywords: critical thinking; Hands on activities (HOA; classroom action research

  15. Data-Generating Program for ASKA Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimi-Dechesh, A.; Cheng, T. K.

    1985-01-01

    Carrier plate assemblies of NASA Space Shuttle thermal protection system provided for easy access to protected vital parts of Shuttle. Each assembly mounted on substructure with fasteners through holes in protective tiles. Automatic System of Kinematic Analysis (ASKA) finite-element program evaluates these assemblies. PLATEFORT computer program developed as data generator for ASKA modeling. PLATEFORT greatly reduces amount of time and data required for building ASKA model of these assemblies.

  16. PENGARUH MINAT, KEMANDIRIAN, DAN SUMBER BELAJAR TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN IPS KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 5 UNGARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syamsu Hadi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to determine 1 the influence of students’ learning interest toward students’ achievement on social studies at the 7th Grade students in SMP Negeri 5 Ungaran partially. 2 The influence of students’ learning independence toward students’ achievement on social studies at the 7th Grade students in SMP Negeri 5 Ungaran partially. 3 The influence of learning resources toward students’ achievement on social studies at the 7th Grade students in SMP Negeri 5 Ungaran partially. 4 The influence of interest, independence, and learning resources toward students’ achievement on social studies at the 7th Grade students in SMP Negeri 5 Ungaran simultaneously. The populations of the study were all students at the 7th Grade students in SMP Negeri 5 Ungaran, they were 216 students. The sampling technique was cluster proportional random which found 70 students as the samples. Then, data were collected by questionnaires, interviews and documentation and analyzed by multiple linear regression analysis, F test and t-test. The results of the study showed that: 1 there was positive influence of students’ learning interest toward students’ achievement on social studies at the 7th Grade students in SMP Negeri 5, it was proved by  t- 2.772> t table 1.997. 2 There was positive influence students’ learning independence toward students’ achievement on social studies at the 7th Grade students in SMP Negeri 5 Ungaran, it was proved by t 2.037 > t table 1.997. 3 There was  positive influence of learning resources toward students’ achievement on social studies at the 7th Grade students in SMP Negeri 5 Ungaran, it was proved by t 2.262  t> t table 1.997. 4 There was a significant influence of students’ interest, independence, and learning resources toward students’ achievement on social studies at the 7th Grade students in SMP Negeri 5 Ungaran, it was proved by the constant value was 51.909.

  17. Sustainable Materials Management: U.S. State Data Measurement Sharing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    The State Data Measurement Sharing Program (SMP) is an online reporting, information sharing, and measurement tool that allows U.S. states to share a wide range of information about waste, recycling, and composting.

  18. Efficient Execution of Electronic Structure Calculations on SMP Clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ustemirov, Nurzhan [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Applications augmented with adaptive capabilities are becoming common in parallel computing environments. For large-scale scientific applications, dynamic adjustments to a computationally-intensive part may lead to a large pay-off in facilitating efficient execution of the entire application while aiming at avoiding resource contention. Application-specific knowledge, often best revealed during the run-time, is required to initiate and time these adjustments. In particular, General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System (GAMESS) is a program for ab initio quantum chemistry that places significant demands on the high-performance computing platforms. Certain electronic structure calculations are characterized by high consumption of a particular resource, such as CPU, main memory, or disk I/O. This may lead to resource contention among concurrent GAMESS jobs and other programs in the dynamically changing environment. Thus, it is desirable to improve GAMESS calculations by means of dynamic adaptations. In this thesis, we show how an application- or algorithm-specific knowledge may play a significant role in achieving this goal. The choice of implementation is facilitated by a module-driven middleware easily integrated with GAMESS that assesses resource consumption and invokes GAMESS adaptations to the system environment. We show that the throughput of GAMESS jobs may be improved greatly as a result of such adaptations.

  19. A multilingual programming model for coupled systems.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ong, E. T.; Larson, J. W.; Norris, B.; Tobis, M.; Steder, M.; Jacob, R. L.; Mathematics and Computer Science; Univ. of Wisconsin; Univ. of Chicago; The Australian National Univ.

    2008-01-01

    Multiphysics and multiscale simulation systems share a common software requirement-infrastructure to implement data exchanges between their constituent parts-often called the coupling problem. On distributed-memory parallel platforms, the coupling problem is complicated by the need to describe, transfer, and transform distributed data, known as the parallel coupling problem. Parallel coupling is emerging as a new grand challenge in computational science as scientists attempt to build multiscale and multiphysics systems on parallel platforms. An additional coupling problem in these systems is language interoperability between their constituent codes. We have created a multilingual parallel coupling programming model based on a successful open-source parallel coupling library, the Model Coupling Toolkit (MCT). This programming model's capabilities reach beyond MCT's native Fortran implementation to include bindings for the C++ and Python programming languages. We describe the method used to generate the interlanguage bindings. This approach enables an object-based programming model for implementing parallel couplings in non-Fortran coupled systems and in systems with language heterogeneity. We describe the C++ and Python versions of the MCT programming model and provide short examples. We report preliminary performance results for the MCT interpolation benchmark. We describe a major Python application that uses the MCT Python bindings, a Python implementation of the control and coupling infrastructure for the community climate system model. We conclude with a discussion of the significance of this work to productivity computing in multidisciplinary computational science.

  20. Econometric Model Evaluation: Implications for Program Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridge, Richard S.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    The problem associated with evaluating an econometric model using values outside those used in the model estimation is illustrated in the evaluations of a residential load management program during each of two successive years. Analysis reveals that attention must be paid to this problem. (Author/TJH)

  1. Programming Models for Heterogeneous Multicore Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    Badia, F.D. Igual, J. Labarta, R. Mayo and E.S. Quintana- Orti . “An extension of the StarSs Programming Model for Platforms with Multiple GPUs...R. Mayo, J.M. Perez, J. Planas, E.S. Quintana- Orti . “A Proposal to Extend the OpenMP Tasking Model for Heterogeneous Architectures ” LNCS Vol. 5568

  2. EFEKTIVITAS BAHAN AJAR IPA TERPADU TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Yuliati

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas bahan ajar IPA terpadu untuk SMP, khususnya tema Air Limbah Rumah Tangga. Desain penelitian menggunakan kuasi-eksperimen dengan Pretest-Postest Control Group Design. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SMPN 20 Malang kelas VII. Sampel ditetapkan dengan purposive sampling. Perlakuan pada kelompok eksperimen adalah pembelajaran yang menggunakan bahan ajar IPA terpadu, sedangkan kelompok kontrol  menggunakan buku  sekolah elektronik (BSE. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah butir soal tes, lembar observasi pembelajaran, dan perangkat  pembelajaran. Analisis data dilakukan dengan Anava AB untuk uji perbedaan rerata dan uji scheffe untuk uji efektivitas bahan ajar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi pada siswa SMP yang menggunakan bahan ajar IPA Terpadu dengan siswa SMP yang menggunakan bahan ajar IPA yang terpisah bidang kajiannya, dan bahan ajar IPA terpadu efektif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa. This study aims totest the effectiveness of an integrated science teaching materials for students of junior high school, particularly in themeof Domestic Wastewater. The study designused a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest with control group design. The experiment was conductedin Junior High School of Malang. Samples were determined by purposive sampling. Treatmentin the experimental group was learning to integrated science teaching materials, whereas in the control group with the teaching materials available in schools. The instrument used were a matter oftestitems, observation sheets of learning, and learningtools. Data analysis was performed with AnovaAB totestmean difference and Scheffetesttotestthe effectiveness ofinstructional materials. The results showed that 1there aredifferences inhigher-order thinkingskillsinjunior high school students using teaching materials in integrated science withjunior high school students

  3. Profil Problem Emosi/ Perilaku Pada Remaja Pelajar SMP-SMA Di Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annastasia Ediati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study is to identify the profile of emotional/behavioral problems on adolescents students of junior and senior high school (SMP-SMA in Semarang, Central Java. The subjects comprised 568 students (grade VII and X; males and females, aged between 13-17 years. Data were collected using the Indonesian translation of the Youth Self Report (YSR. The results of data analysis showed that adolescents in the junior high school/SMP reported emotional/behavioral problems more frequently than the adolescents in the senior high school/SMA (t (566 = 2.08, p = .038, especially in terms of social relations (t (566 = 2.92, p = .004, thought problems (t (566 = 2.47, p = .014, somatic complaints (t(566 = 2.98, p = .002, rule-breaking behavior (t (566 = 6.63, p < .001, and externalizing problems (t(566 = 3,37; p = .001. Gender differences was found in the adolescents’ emotional/behavioral problems. In group of junior high school students (SMP, girls reported more emotional problems than boys (t(335 = -3.55; p < .001, particularly in anxiety/depression (t(335 = -6.51; p < .001; withdrawal (t(335 = -4.26; p < .001, somatic complaints (t(335 = -2.86; p = .004; social problems (t(335 = -3.30; p = .001, attention problems (t(335 = -2.39; p = .017; and internalizing problem (t(335 = -5.76; p < .001. In group of senior high school students (SMA, boys reported more externalizing problems (t(229 = 2.10; p = .037 and rule-breaking behavior (t(229 = 4.44; p < .001 than girls. In contrasts, girls reported more somatic complaints than boys (t(229 = -3.09; p = .001. Adolescents’ emotional/behavioral problems should gained more attention. Preventive as well as curative intervention is needed, particularly intervention that sensitive to gender and age, which also involve significant figures for adolescents (parents, school teachers, and peers.

  4. EFEKTIVITAS KONSELING RINGKAS BERFOKUS SOLUSI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN TANGGUNG JAWAB BELAJAR SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakhrudin Mutakin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to increase the learning responsibility of junior high school student that still low through solution focused brief counseling. This research used a quasi-experimental design with a single-subject design. The subject of this research are 6 students of Sumenep junior high school class VIII that selected based networking responsibility of learning’s scale. The research instrumen is used in this research are (1 responsibility of learning’s scale, observation guidelines, interview guidelines, and (2 material treatment techniques of solution focused brief counseling to increase the learning responsibility of junior high school student. The results of the analysis of non-parametric statistical test data using the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test. Based on the analysis results obtained Asymp value. Sig (2-tailed 0.027 less than 0.05 so it can be concluded that H0 rejected and H1 accepted. Therefore can be interpreted that solution focused brief counseling increase the learning responsibility of junior high school student. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan tanggung jawab belajar siswa SMP yang masih rendah melalui pendekatan konseling ringkas berfokus solusi. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan kuasi eksperimen dengan desain subjek tunggal (single subject. Subjek penelitian sejumlah 6 orang siswa kelas VIII SMPN 1 Sumenep yang dipilih berdasarkan penjaringan skala tanggung jawab belajar. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan meliputi (1 skala tanggung jawab belajar, pedoman observasi serta pedoman wawancara dan (2 bahan perlakuan teknik konseling ringkas berfokus solusi untuk meningkatkan tanggung jawab belajar siswa SMP. Hasil analisis data uji statistik non parametik menggunakan uji Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test. Berdasarkan hasil analisis diperoleh nilai Asymp. Sig (2-tailed 0,027 lebih kecil dari 0,05 sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa H0 ditolak dan H1 diterima. Dengan demikian dapat diartikan bahwa konseling

  5. EFEKTIVITAS BAHAN AJAR IPA TERPADU TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Yuliati

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas bahan ajar IPA terpadu untuk SMP, khususnya tema Air Limbah Rumah Tangga. Desain penelitian menggunakan kuasi-eksperimen dengan Pretest-Postest Control Group Design. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SMPN 20 Malang kelas VII. Sampel ditetapkan dengan purposive sampling. Perlakuan pada kelompok eksperimen adalah pembelajaran yang menggunakan bahan ajar IPA terpadu, sedangkan kelompok kontrol  menggunakan buku  sekolah elektronik (BSE. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah butir soal tes, lembar observasi pembelajaran, dan perangkat  pembelajaran. Analisis data dilakukan dengan Anava AB untuk uji perbedaan rerata dan uji scheffe untuk uji efektivitas bahan ajar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi pada siswa SMP yang menggunakan bahan ajar IPA Terpadu dengan siswa SMP yang menggunakan bahan ajar IPA yang terpisah bidang kajiannya, dan bahan ajar IPA terpadu efektif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa. This study aims totest the effectiveness of an integrated science teaching materials for students of junior high school, particularly in themeof Domestic Wastewater. The study designused a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest with control group design. The experiment was conductedin Junior High School of Malang. Samples were determined by purposive sampling. Treatmentin the experimental group was learning to integrated science teaching materials, whereas in the control group with the teaching materials available in schools. The instrument used were a matter oftestitems, observation sheets of learning, and learningtools. Data analysis was performed with AnovaAB totestmean difference and Scheffetesttotestthe effectiveness ofinstructional materials. The results showed that 1there aredifferences inhigher-order thinkingskillsinjunior high school students using teaching materials in integrated science withjunior high school students

  6. Pengaruh Penggunaan Media Gambar Berseri terhadap Kemampuan Menulis Narasi Peserta Didik Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Permana

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine how the use of media images influence on the ability to write narrative series. This research is a quantitative experiment using a single experimental class and the control class as a comparison. Subjects were students of class VIII SMP IT Darus-Sholihin Sawangan as many as 32 students. Collecting data in this study using a test instrument board. Conclusions from this research that the use of media images affect the ability to write narrative series learners class VIII SMP IT Darus-Sholihin sawangan. In testing the hypothesis at the 5% significance level obtained t > t table (2.27> 1.75, so Ho refused and H1 accepted. So the hypothesis significantly verified and accepted. Thus concluded there are significant media use picture series on narrative writing skills of students. Average narrative writing skills of students who use the media image series (73.43 is higher than that using the conventional method (64.68 Keywords: Media Image Serial; Narrative Writing; Influence Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan media gambar seri terhadap kemampuan menulis narasi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif eksperimen dengan menggunakan satu kelas eksperimen dan satu kelas kontrol sebagai pembanding. Subjek penelitian adalah peserta didik kelas VIII SMP IT Darus-Sholihin Sawangan Depok sebanyak 32 siswa. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan instrument tes tulis. Simpulan dari hasil penelitian ini bahwa penggunaan media gambar seri mempengaruhi kemampuan menulis narasi peserta didik kelas VIII SMP IT Darus-Sholihin Sawangan Depok. Dalam pengujian hipotesis pada taraf signifikansi 5% diperoleh   thitung > ttabel  (2,27 > 1,75 , dengan demikian Ho ditolak dan H1 diterima. Sehingga hipótesis teruji kebenarannya dan secara signifikan diterima. Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan terdapat pengaruh penggunaan media gambar seri terhadap kemampuan

  7. AN INTRUCTIONAL DESIGN FOR THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH AT SMP MUHAMMADIYAH I KARTASURA 2013 ACADEMIC YEAR: A NATURALISTIC STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Muhammad Rifai

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed at analyzing the instructional desgin for the teaching of English at SMP Muhammadiyah I Kartasura 2013 academic year. In this research, there are nine components of instructional design investigated, namely: (1 learning objective, (2 syllabus, (3 roles of instructional material, (4 classroom procedure, (5 classroom technique, (6 teacher’s role, (7 learner’s role, (8 media, and (9 evaluation model. The type of the study is descriptive qualitative especially naturalistic approach. In this research, the data are devired from event, informant, and field note. There are three techniques of collecting data, namely: observation, interview, and document. The techniques of analyzing data are collecting data, data reduction, data display, and verification conclusion. The result of the study, such as: (1 The general objective is to deveop students’ individual knowledge, character, skill for independent life and sustainable education. The specific learning objective is to develop students’ communicative competence with four language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing; (2 The type of syllabus is notion functional syllabus; (3 the roles of instructional materials are as a resource for presentation materials, for learner practice, and for stimulation of classroom activities; (4 the classroom procedure used are Engagement, Exploration, Explanation, Elaboration and Evaluation and Genre Based Approach; (5 the teacher’s role are facilitator, organizer, manager, assessor, planner and motivator; (6 the media used in teaching learning process is used textbook and picture as printed media, video and images showed by using LCD.

  8. Program Partitioning using Dynamic Trust Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Dan; Probst, Christian W.; Jensen, Christian D.;

    2006-01-01

    -based scenarios. Language-based technologies have been suggested to support developers of those applications---the \\$\\backslash\\$emph{Decentralized Label Model} and \\$\\backslash\\$emph{Secure Program Partitioning} allow to annotate programs with security specifications, and to partition the annotated program...... across a set of hosts, obeying both the annotations and the trust relation between the principals. The resulting applications guarantee \\$\\backslash\\$emph{by construction} that safety and confidentiality of both data and computations are ensured. In this work, we develop a generalised version...

  9. Fouling potential evaluation of soluble microbial products (SMP) with different membrane surfaces in a hybrid membrane bioreactor using worm reactor for sludge reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhipeng; Tian, Yu; Ding, Yi; Chen, Lin; Wang, Haoyu

    2013-07-01

    The fouling characteristics of soluble microbial products (SMP) in the membrane bioreactor coupled with Static Sequencing Batch Worm Reactor (SSBWR-MBR) were tested with different types of membranes. It was noted that the flux decrements of S-SMP (SMP in SSBWR-MBR) with cellulose acetate (CA), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and polyether sulfones (PES) membranes were respectively 6.7%, 8.5% and 9.5% lower compared to those of C-SMP (SMP in Control-MBR) with corresponding membranes. However, for both the filtration of the C-SMP and S-SMP, the CA membrane exhibited the fastest diminishing rate of flux among the three types of membranes. The surface morphology analysis showed that the CA membrane exhibited more but smaller protuberances compared to the PVDF and PES. The second minimums surrounding each protruding asperity on CA membrane were more than those on the PVDF and PES membranes, enhancing the attachment of SMP onto the membrane surface. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Retention models for programmed gas chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castello, G; Moretti, P; Vezzani, S

    2009-03-06

    The models proposed by many authors for the prediction of retention times and temperatures, peak widths, retention indices and separation numbers in programmed temperature and pressure gas chromatography by starting from preliminary measurements of the retention in isothermal and isobaric conditions are reviewed. Several articles showing the correlation between retention data and thermodynamic parameters and the determination of the optimum programming rate are reported. The columns of different polarity used for the experimental measurement and the main equations, mathematical models and calculation procedures are listed. An empirical approach was used in the early models, followed by the application of thermodynamic considerations, iterative calculation procedures and statistical methods, based on increased computing power now available. Multiple column arrangements, simultaneous temperature and pressure programming, applications of two-dimensional and fast chromatography are summarised.

  11. Model Checking with Probabilistic Tabled Logic Programming

    CERN Document Server

    Gorlin, Andrey; Smolka, Scott A

    2012-01-01

    We present a formulation of the problem of probabilistic model checking as one of query evaluation over probabilistic logic programs. To the best of our knowledge, our formulation is the first of its kind, and it covers a rich class of probabilistic models and probabilistic temporal logics. The inference algorithms of existing probabilistic logic-programming systems are well defined only for queries with a finite number of explanations. This restriction prohibits the encoding of probabilistic model checkers, where explanations correspond to executions of the system being model checked. To overcome this restriction, we propose a more general inference algorithm that uses finite generative structures (similar to automata) to represent families of explanations. The inference algorithm computes the probability of a possibly infinite set of explanations directly from the finite generative structure. We have implemented our inference algorithm in XSB Prolog, and use this implementation to encode probabilistic model...

  12. MEMINIMALKAN KECEMASAN MATEMATIKA MELALUI METODE GROUP INVESTIGATION (GI) PADA SISWA SMP NEGERI 10 TARAKAN TAHUN AJARAN 2010/2011

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    WITA DEWI ANTI 2011. To Minimize Math Anxiety Through Method Group Investigation of Student SMP Negeri 10 Tarakan academic year 2010/2011. ( To conselor by Mr.Samsudin, M.Si as if level instructur I and Mr. Amat M.Pd as if level Instructur II). This research purpose to know how aplication to study Group Investigation (GI) as if efforts to minimize concern student to study mathematics. Data beginning to take use guetionnaire concern which contents by student class viii-1 SMP Negeri 10 Tarakan ...

  13. Academic program models for undergraduate biomedical engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Shankar M

    2014-01-01

    There is a proliferation of medical devices across the globe for the diagnosis and therapy of diseases. Biomedical engineering (BME) plays a significant role in healthcare and advancing medical technologies thus creating a substantial demand for biomedical engineers at undergraduate and graduate levels. There has been a surge in undergraduate programs due to increasing demands from the biomedical industries to cover many of their segments from bench to bedside. With the requirement of multidisciplinary training within allottable duration, it is indeed a challenge to design a comprehensive standardized undergraduate BME program to suit the needs of educators across the globe. This paper's objective is to describe three major models of undergraduate BME programs and their curricular requirements, with relevant recommendations to be applicable in institutions of higher education located in varied resource settings. Model 1 is based on programs to be offered in large research-intensive universities with multiple focus areas. The focus areas depend on the institution's research expertise and training mission. Model 2 has basic segments similar to those of Model 1, but the focus areas are limited due to resource constraints. In this model, co-op/internship in hospitals or medical companies is included which prepares the graduates for the work place. In Model 3, students are trained to earn an Associate Degree in the initial two years and they are trained for two more years to be BME's or BME Technologists. This model is well suited for the resource-poor countries. All three models must be designed to meet applicable accreditation requirements. The challenges in designing undergraduate BME programs include manpower, facility and funding resource requirements and time constraints. Each academic institution has to carefully analyze its short term and long term requirements. In conclusion, three models for BME programs are described based on large universities, colleges, and

  14. Sex differences in developmental programming models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiken, Catherine E; Ozanne, Susan E

    2013-01-01

    The theory of developmental programming suggests that diseases such as the metabolic syndrome may be 'programmed' by exposure to adverse stimuli during early development. The developmental programming literature encompasses the study of a wide range of suboptimal intrauterine environments in a variety of species and correlates these with diverse phenotypic outcomes in the offspring. At a molecular level, a large number of variables have been measured and suggested as the basis of the programmed phenotype. The range of both dependent and independent variables studied often makes the developmental programming literature complex to interpret and the drawing of definitive conclusions difficult. A common, though under-explored, theme of many developmental programming models is a sex difference in offspring outcomes. This holds true across a range of interventions, including dietary, hypoxic, and surgical models. The molecular and phenotypic outcomes of adverse in utero conditions are often more prominent in male than female offspring, although there is little consideration given to the basis for this observation in most studies. We review the evidence that maternal energy investment in male and female conceptuses may not be equal and may be environment dependent. It is suggested that male and female development could be viewed as separate processes from the time of conception, with differences in both timing and outcomes.

  15. MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR SEJARAH SISWA SMP NEGERI 1 LIMPUNG MELALUI PEMANFAATAN SITUS BATANG KUNO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Butuk Buwang

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Batang regency has many historical sites, especially the classical heritage of Indonesia. Sites located at County Trunk can be used as an alternative source of learning for students of history. The purpose of this research is to find out how to improve school performance through the use of historical sites in the study of ancient trunk. This study uses classroom action research. Research carried out in SMP N 1 Limpung. The results showed that the use of stem sites through field trip activities can enhance learning achievement of history. This is prooven with an increase in each cycle until it reaches the complete study in cycle II.   Key words: learning achievement, history, sites of ancient Batang   Kabupaten Batang memiliki banyak situs sejarah, khususnya warisan klasik Indonesia. Situs yang terletak di Kabupaten Batang dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif sumber belajar bagi siswa sejarah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana memperbaiki kinerja sekolah melalui penggunaan situs sejarah dalam studi batang kuno. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas. Penelitian yang dilakukan di SMP N 1 Limpung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan situs induk melalui kegiatan field trip dapat meningkatkan prestasi belajar sejarah. Hal ini dibuktikan dengan peningkatan pada setiap siklus sampai mencapai ketuntasan belajar pada siklus II.   Kata kunci: prestasi belajar, sejarah, situs Batang kuno  

  16. POLA ASUH ORANG TUA, KONSEP DIRI, MOTIVASI DIRI, IKLIM SEKOLAH, DAN KESADARAN EMOSI SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Heydemans

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Patterns of Parenting, Self-concept, Self-motivation, School Climate, and Emotional Awareness of Students at State Junior High Schools. The study tries to investigate the correlation between patterns of foster parents, self concept, self motivation, school climate and emotional awareness of the students at State Junior High School in Malang. Using multiple regression analysis, it is concluded  that patterns of foster parents, self motivation, school climate have effective significant contribution to emotional awareness both individually and in groups. Meanwhile, self concept has no significant effect. As a whole the effective contribution of the patterns of foster parents, self concept, self motivation, school climate to emotional awareness is 0.57 or 57%, it means that the remaining 43% of emotional awareness cannot be explained. Abstrak: Pola Asuh Orang Tua, Konsep Diri, Motivasi Diri, Iklim Sekolah, dan Kesadaran Emosi Siswa SMP. Penelitian ini mencoba untuk menjelaskan hubungan antara pola asuh orang tua, konsep diri, motivasi diri, iklim sekolah dan kesadaran emosi siswa SMP Negeri di kota Malang. Dengan menggunakan analisis multiple regresi disimpulkan bahwa pola asuh orang tua, motivasi diri, dan iklim sekolah memberi kontribusi yang signifikan terhadap kesadaran emosi, baik secara individu dan kelompok. Sementara itu konsep diri mempunyai pengaruh, tetapi tidak signifikan. Secara keseluruhan kontribusi efektif dari pola asuh orang tua, konsep diri, motivasi diri, iklim sekolah terhadap kesdaran emosi adalah 0.57 (57%. Hal itu berarti bahwa ada 43% faktor lain yang mempengaruhi kesadaran emosi, tetapi tidak bisa dijelaskan.

  17. EFEKTIVITAS PERAN KOPERASI SEKOLAH SEBAGAI UNIT PEMBELAJARAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN DI SMP NEGERI 1 KARANGANYAR KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dea Prilia Sari

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Di SMP Negeri 1 Karanganyar Kabupaten Pekalongan, koperasi sekolah menyediakan jasa penjualan berbagai keperluan para siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui efektivitas peran koperasi sekolah sebagai unit pembelajaran kewirausahaan. Tipe penelitian yaitu kualitatif dengan proses analisis deskriptif evaluatif. Berdasarkan hasil analisis koperasi sekolah terbukti efektif sebagai pembelajaran kewirausahaan siswa tetapi masih mempunyai beberapa kendala. Kendala-Kendala yang dihadapi yaitu �waktu yang terbatas, tempat yang sempit dan modal juga sangat terbatas serta sifat personality yang beragam. Strategi yang digunakan yaitu membentuk tim guru pembina yang bertanggung jawab atas keberadan koperasi. � Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ In SMP Negeri 1 Karanganyar Pekalongan, cooperative schools provide students selling various purposes. this study aims to determine the effectiveness of� cooperative learning school as the unit of entrepreneurship. This type of research used is descriptive qualitative analysis process evaluative. Based on the analysis of school cooperatives proved to be effective as a learning entrepreneurship students but still have some problems. constraints faced by the limited time, the place is also very narrow and limited capital as well as diverse personality trait. the strategy used is to set up a teacher coach is responsible for the existence of cooperative

  18. The SMP mobilizes a bright idea: a CSM cinema on wheels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    The Bangladesh Family Planning Social Marketing Project (SMP) provides 1 of the best examples of the use of the mass media to promote social marketing. Using a fleet of 7 vans and 1 motor launch, the SMP brings films about family planning to more than a million rural couples a month living in isolated villages. Each film unit has two 16 mm projectors, a generator, a screen and speaker system and is operated by a projectionist and an assistant. 1 mobile unit gives about 25 shows a month at a cost of $75US per show, or less than 2 cents per person. The message reels and advertising spots were produced in Bangladesh, and the musical numbers are taken from local feature films. Every 3-4 months, the vans switch message and musical films, but all units keep separate copies of the advertising spots for Raja and Panther condoms and Maya and Ovacon pills. The motivational films were developed through extensive research, and they address basic social issues. During the show, various promotional items are sold, including calendars with family planning messages, plastic bags, key rings, and contraceptives. According to Robert Ciszewski, executive director of Population Services International, these mobile films are making a profound social change in Bangladesh.

  19. STEW A Nonlinear Data Modeling Computer Program

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, H

    2000-01-01

    A nonlinear data modeling computer program, STEW, employing the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm, has been developed to model the experimental sup 2 sup 3 sup 9 Pu(n,f) and sup 2 sup 3 sup 5 U(n,f) cross sections. This report presents results of the modeling of the sup 2 sup 3 sup 9 Pu(n,f) and sup 2 sup 3 sup 5 U(n,f) cross-section data. The calculation of the fission transmission coefficient is based on the double-humped-fission-barrier model of Bjornholm and Lynn. Incident neutron energies of up to 5 MeV are considered.

  20. STEW: A Nonlinear Data Modeling Computer Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, H.

    2000-03-04

    A nonlinear data modeling computer program, STEW, employing the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm, has been developed to model the experimental {sup 239}Pu(n,f) and {sup 235}U(n,f) cross sections. This report presents results of the modeling of the {sup 239}Pu(n,f) and {sup 235}U(n,f) cross-section data. The calculation of the fission transmission coefficient is based on the double-humped-fission-barrier model of Bjornholm and Lynn. Incident neutron energies of up to 5 MeV are considered.

  1. Logic integer programming models for signaling networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haus, Utz-Uwe; Niermann, Kathrin; Truemper, Klaus; Weismantel, Robert

    2009-05-01

    We propose a static and a dynamic approach to model biological signaling networks, and show how each can be used to answer relevant biological questions. For this, we use the two different mathematical tools of Propositional Logic and Integer Programming. The power of discrete mathematics for handling qualitative as well as quantitative data has so far not been exploited in molecular biology, which is mostly driven by experimental research, relying on first-order or statistical models. The arising logic statements and integer programs are analyzed and can be solved with standard software. For a restricted class of problems the logic models reduce to a polynomial-time solvable satisfiability algorithm. Additionally, a more dynamic model enables enumeration of possible time resolutions in poly-logarithmic time. Computational experiments are included.

  2. ZATPAC: a model consortium evaluates teen programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Kathryn; Murphy, Dana; Parsons, Chris

    2009-09-01

    How do we advance the environmental literacy of young people, support the next generation of environmental stewards and increase the diversity of the leadership of zoos and aquariums? We believe it is through ongoing evaluation of zoo and aquarium teen programming and have founded a consortium to pursue those goals. The Zoo and Aquarium Teen Program Assessment Consortium (ZATPAC) is an initiative by six of the nation's leading zoos and aquariums to strengthen institutional evaluation capacity, model a collaborative approach toward assessing the impact of youth programs, and bring additional rigor to evaluation efforts within the field of informal science education. Since its beginning in 2004, ZATPAC has researched, developed, pilot-tested and implemented a pre-post program survey instrument designed to assess teens' knowledge of environmental issues, skills and abilities to take conservation actions, self-efficacy in environmental actions, and engagement in environmentally responsible behaviors. Findings from this survey indicate that teens who join zoo/aquarium programs are already actively engaged in many conservation behaviors. After participating in the programs, teens showed a statistically significant increase in their reported knowledge of conservation and environmental issues and their abilities to research, explain, and find resources to take action on conservation issues of personal concern. Teens also showed statistically significant increases pre-program to post-program for various conservation behaviors, including "I talk with my family and/or friends about things they can do to help the animals or the environment," "I save water...," "I save energy...," "When I am shopping I look for recycled products," and "I help with projects that restore wildlife habitat."

  3. PDDP, A Data Parallel Programming Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen H. Warren

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available PDDP, the parallel data distribution preprocessor, is a data parallel programming model for distributed memory parallel computers. PDDP implements high-performance Fortran-compatible data distribution directives and parallelism expressed by the use of Fortran 90 array syntax, the FORALL statement, and the WHERE construct. Distributed data objects belong to a global name space; other data objects are treated as local and replicated on each processor. PDDP allows the user to program in a shared memory style and generates codes that are portable to a variety of parallel machines. For interprocessor communication, PDDP uses the fastest communication primitives on each platform.

  4. A Linguistic Model in Component Oriented Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crăciunean, Daniel Cristian; Crăciunean, Vasile

    2016-12-01

    It is a fact that the component-oriented programming, well organized, can bring a large increase in efficiency in the development of large software systems. This paper proposes a model for building software systems by assembling components that can operate independently of each other. The model is based on a computing environment that runs parallel and distributed applications. This paper introduces concepts as: abstract aggregation scheme and aggregation application. Basically, an aggregation application is an application that is obtained by combining corresponding components. In our model an aggregation application is a word in a language.

  5. Senescence Marker Protein 30 (SMP30) Expression in Eukaryotic Cells: Existence Of Multiple Species and Membrane Localization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    disiopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) and chemical warfare nerve agents including soman, sarin, VX, and tabun [19–21]. In addition, SMP30 knock-out mice lacked...Talbot MK, Boucher LJ, MacIver B, et al. (1989) Partial characterization of an enzyme that hydrolyzes sarin, soman, tabun , and diisopropyl

  6. Isolation and identification of arabinose mycolates of Cell Wall Skeleton (CWS) derived from Mycobacterium bovis BCG Tokyo 172 (SMP-105).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uenishi, Yuko; Kusunose, Naoto; Yano, Ikuya; Sunagawa, Makoto

    2010-03-01

    A unique hydrolysis method using a two-layer solution, consisting of diluted hydrochloric acid and toluene was developed to isolate whole arabinose mycolates from the cell wall skeleton of Mycobacterium bovis BCG Tokyo 172 (SMP-105) in order to reveal its pivotal role in enhancing immune responses against tumors.

  7. The NIAID Radiation Countermeasures Program business model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafer, Nathaniel; Maidment, Bert W; Hatchett, Richard J

    2010-12-01

    The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Radiation/Nuclear Medical Countermeasures Development Program has developed an integrated approach to providing the resources and expertise required for the research, discovery, and development of radiation/nuclear medical countermeasures (MCMs). These resources and services lower the opportunity costs and reduce the barriers to entry for companies interested in working in this area and accelerate translational progress by providing goal-oriented stewardship of promising projects. In many ways, the radiation countermeasures program functions as a "virtual pharmaceutical firm," coordinating the early and mid-stage development of a wide array of radiation/nuclear MCMs. This commentary describes the radiation countermeasures program and discusses a novel business model that has facilitated product development partnerships between the federal government and academic investigators and biopharmaceutical companies.

  8. PENERAPAN METODE MIND MAPPING (PETA PIKIRAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KREATIF MATEMATIK SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rijal Darusman

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Masalah yang melatar belakangi penelitian ini adalah masih rendahnya kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematik siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP, sehingga diperlukan metode pembelajaran untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut. Metode yang diterapkan adalah Metode Mind Mapping, dikarenakan dengan metode pembelajaran mind mapping kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematik siswa  lebih baik jika dibandingkan dengan metode pembelajaran biasa.Berdasarkan latar belakang tersebut maka penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematik siswa yang pembelajarannya menggunakan metode mind mapping lebih baik daripada siswa yang pembelajarannya biasa. Penelitian ini merupakan kuasi eksperimen berbentuk kelompok kontrol pretes-postes, dengan perlakuan metode pembelajaran mind mapping dan pembelajaran biasa (konvensional. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini berupa tes uraian sebanyak 4 soal, kemudian data skor kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematik siswa tersebut dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan inferensial dengan menggunakan uji perbedaan dua rata-rata. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kreatif matematik siswa SMP yang pembelajarannya menggunakan metode mind mapping lebih baik daripada cara biasa.  Kata Kunci    : Berpikir Kreatif Matematik, Mind Mapping   ABSTRACT The problem of the background of this research is still low ability to think creatively mathematical school students (SMP, so that the necessary learning methods to overcome these problems. The method applied is Mind Mapping method, because the mind mapping method of learning mathematics students' creative thinking ability is better when compared to the learning method biasa.Berdasarkan this background, this study aims to determine whether the ability of creative thinking of students learning mathematics using mind mapping better than the usual student learning. This research is a form of quasi

  9. Human Factors Engineering Program Review Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-02-01

    AA NUREG -0711,Rev. 2 Human Factors Engineering Program Review Model 20081009191 I i m To] Bi U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of...Material As of November 1999, you may electronically access NUREG -series publications and other NRC records at NRC’s Public Electronic Reading Room at...http://www.nrc.qov/readinq-rm.html. Publicly released records include, to name a few, NUREG -series publications; Federal Register notices; applicant

  10. Lepr(db/db Mice with senescence marker protein-30 knockout (Lepr(db/dbSmp30(Y/- exhibit increases in small dense-LDL and severe fatty liver despite being fed a standard diet.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshitaka Kondo

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND/AIMS: The senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30 is a 34 kDa protein originally identified in rat liver that shows decreased levels with age. Several functional studies using SMP30 knockout (Smp30(Y/- mice established that SMP30 functions as an antioxidant and protects against apoptosis. To address the potential role of SMP30 in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD pathogenesis, we established Smp30(Y/- mice on a Lepr(db/db background (Lepr(db/dbSmp30(Y/- mice. RESEARCH DESIGN/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Male Lepr(db/dbSmp30(Y/- mice were fed a standard diet (340 kcal/100 g, fat 5.6% for 16 weeks whereupon the lipid/lipoprotein profiles, hepatic expression of genes related to lipid metabolism and endoplasmic reticulum stress markers were analyzed by HPLC, quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. Changes in the liver at a histological level were also investigated. The amount of SMP30 mRNA and protein in livers was decreased in Lepr(db/dbSmp30(Y/+ mice compared with Lepr(db/+Smp30(Y/+ mice. Compared with Lepr(db/dbSmp30(Y/+ mice, 24 week old Lepr(db/dbSmp30(Y/- mice showed: i increased small dense LDL-cho and decreased HDL-cho levels; ii fatty liver accompanied by numerous inflammatory cells and increased oxidative stress; iii decreased mRNA expression of genes involved in fatty acid oxidation (PPARα and lipoprotein uptake (LDLR and VLDLR but increased CD36 levels; and iv increased endoplasmic reticulum stress. CONCLUSION: Our data strongly suggest that SMP30 is closely associated with NAFLD pathogenesis, and might be a possible therapeutic target for NAFLD.

  11. ANALISIS KESALAHAN SISWA SMP KELAS VIII DALAM MENYELESAIKAN MASALAH SOAL CERITA MATEMATIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Farida

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the research is to know mistakes and cause of mistakes mengetahui were done by students in in troubleshoot mathematics story problem. The research was a descrptive  qualitative. The subjects of the research was students of class VIII SMP Negeri 2 Karang Anyar. The result of the research are: 1 the mistakes made by students are: student incorrecting to change information that is given into mathematics expression, students can't determine formula, the students incorrectly concept, errors in interpreting the solution , do not make conclusions , errors in calculation;  2 cause students make mistakes  are : do not pay attention to a matter of intent , forget the formula , less familiar to a material , less given the questions varied, in a hurry, and less conscientious in performing the calculations Keywords: analysis, mathematics story problem, mistake

  12. PROFIL REPRESENTASI SISWA SMP TERHADAP MATERI PLSV DITINJAU DARI GAYA BELAJAR KOLB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariz Setyawan

    2017-07-01

    ABSTRACT This is a descriptive qualitative research. The aim of this study is to describe the representation profile of Linear Equation of One Variable (LEOV of Junior High School Students based on Kolb’ Learning styles: assimilator, akomodator, konverger, and diverger. The researcher conduct an interview with four SMP N 22 Surabaya students whom qualify the characteristics of Kolb’s learning styles. There are three analysis data phases: data reduction, data representation, and conclusion. Based on the result, Assimilator Subject (SA make connection between LEOV’s representation by looking for its similarity and prefer symbol representation. Akomodator Subject (SM make connection between symbol representation (S and word representation (K based on the number similarity. Converger Subject (SK make connection between representations: word (K, diagram (D and symbol (S representation based on its practical uses. Diverger Subject (SD make connection between representation based on given word and number similarities and the solution which is derived. Keywords: representation, leov, kolb’s learning styles.

  13. Study of fuel element characteristic of SM and SMP (SM-PRIMA) fuel assemblies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klinov, A.V.; Kuprienko, V.A.; Lebedev, V.A.; Makhin, V.M.; Tuchnin, L.M.; Tsykanov, V.A. [Research Institute of Atomic Reactors, Dimitrovgrad (Russian Federation)

    1999-07-01

    The paper discusses the techniques and results of reactor tests and post-reactor investigations of the SM reactor fuel elements and fuel elements developed in the process of designing the specialized PRIMA test reactor with the SM reactor fuel elements used as a prototype and which are referred to as the SMP fuel elements. The behavior of fuel elements under normal operating conditions and under deviation from normal operating conditions was studied to verify the calculation techniques, to check the calculation results during preparation of the SM reactor safety substantiation report and to estimate the possibility of using such fuel elements in other projects. During tests of fuel rods under deviation from normal operating conditions their advantages were shown over fuel elements, the components of which were produced using the Al-based alloys. (author)

  14. Hybrid Decomposition Method in Parallel Molecular Dynamics Simulation Based on SMP Cluster Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Bing; SHU Jiwu; ZHENG Weimin; WANG Jinzhao; CHEN Min

    2005-01-01

    A hybrid decomposition method for molecular dynamics simulations was presented, using simultaneously spatial decomposition and force decomposition to fit the architecture of a cluster of symmetric multi-processor (SMP) nodes. The method distributes particles between nodes based on the spatial decomposition strategy to reduce inter-node communication costs. The method also partitions particle pairs within each node using the force decomposition strategy to improve the load balance for each node. Simulation results for a nucleation process with 4 000 000 particles show that the hybrid method achieves better parallel performance than either spatial or force decomposition alone, especially when applied to a large scale particle system with non-uniform spatial density.

  15. KEBIASAAN SARAPAN, STATUS GIZI, DAN KUALITAS HIDUP REMAJA SMP BOSOWA BINA INSANI BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilyatun Niswah

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to examine the association between breakfast habits, nutritional status, and health related quality of life of adolescents in Bosowa Bina Insani Junior High School Bogor. A cross sectional study was conducted and simple random sampling was used to determine the subjects. Subjects were 60 adolescent students of Bosowa Bina Insani Junior High School Bogor aged 13—15 years old. The study found there was no significant difference in nutritional status between breakfast skippers and breakfast eaters (p>0.05. However, regular breakfast eaters were more likely to have lower body weight (r=-0.160, p=0.222. There was no significant difference of health related quality of life based on nutritional status (p>0.05. Breakfast eaters tended to have better quality of life than breakfast skippers even though there was no significant difference between them (p>0.05.Keywords: adolescents, breakfast habits, food consumption, health related quality of life, nutritionalstatusABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji hubungan kebiasaan sarapan, status gizi, dan kualitas hidup pada remaja SMP Bosowa Bina Insani Bogor. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional dengan penarikan subjek secara simple random sampling. Subjek berjumlah 60 remaja berusia 13—15 tahun yang merupakan siswa-siswi SMP Bosowa Bina Insani Bogor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan status gizi berdasarkan kebiasaan sarapan (p>0.05 namun terdapat kecenderungan semakin sering konsumsi sarapan, berat badan semakin menurun (r=-0.160, p=0.222. Tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan kualitas hidup berdasarkan status gizi (p>0.05. Kualitas hidup pada kelompok yang biasa sarapan cenderung lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok yang tidak biasa sarapan, namun tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan secara statistik (p>0.05.Kata kunci: kebiasaan sarapan, konsumsi pangan, kualitas hidup, remaja, status gizi

  16. GAMBARAN TINGKAT DEPRESI TERHADAP PERILAKU BULLYING PADA SISWA DI SMP PGRI 2 DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gede Surya Kardiana

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Remaja merupakan individu yang sedang dalam tahapan perkembangan transisi, sehingga pada tahapan ini banyak permasalahan yang sering muncul seperti perilaku bullying. Bullying merupakan tindakan agresif yang terus menerus dapat berupa bentuk fisik, verbal, dan psikologis. Perilaku bullying ini dapat menyebabkan gangguan fisik maupun psikologis salah satunya dapat mengalami depresi. Depresi ini dapat mempengaruhi aktivitas belajarnya sehingga perlu dideteksi secara dini tentang gambaran tingkat depresi terhadap perilaku bullying di SMP PGRI 2 Denpasar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskirptif kuantitatif dengan rancangan deskiptif cross sectional yang dilakukan pada tanggal 22 Maret 2015 di SMP PGRI 2 Denpasar. Sampel diambil dengan teknik stratified random sampling dan didapatkan 95 sampel yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan ekslusi. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan kuisioner victimization scale - adolenscent peer relations instrument dan Beck depression inventory (BDI. Hasil Penelitian ditemukan sebesar 28,4% mengalami perilaku bullying intensitas ringan dan 6,3% mengalami perilaku bullying intensitas sedang dan responden lainnya tidak pernah mengalami perilaku bullying. Tingkat depresi ditemukan 26,3% depresi ringan, 14,7% depresi sedang dan responden lainnya normal. Kecenderungan siswa yang mengalami perilaku bullying intensitas sedang mengalami depresi sedang sebesar 66,7%, dan dari yang mengalami perilaku bullying intensitas ringan sebesar 33,3% mengalami depresi ringan. Siswa yang mengalami perilaku bullying intensitas sedang cenderung mengalami depresi sedang. Perilaku bullying yang paling sering dilakukan yaitu bullying verbal, diikuti bullying fisik. Perempuan cenderung menjadi korban bullying daripada laki-laki. Kesimpulan, perlu penelitian lebih lanjut untuk faktor-faktor lainnya yang dapat mempengaruhi perilaku bullying dan tingkat depresi pada siswa.

  17. PENGEMBANGAN INSTRUMEN ASESMEN BERPIKIR KRITIS UNTUK SISWA SMP KELAS VII PADA MATERI INTERAKSI MAKHLUK HIDUP DENGAN LINGKUNGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dharmawati Dharmawati

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to generate critical thinking assessment instrument for seven graders within organism interaction in an environment with an appropriate validity and reliability level. The design of this instrument is developed using stages suggested by Borg and Gall. The stages are researching and collecting information, planning, developing a preliminary product, conducting the limited examination, revising product from limited examination, field testing, revising product from field testing, and finalizing product. The result of content and construction validation shows that the level of feasibility is 88,35% and categorized as very feasible. While the degree of readability of assessment items is 93,51% and it is categorized as excellent. The coefficient of inter-rater reliability of assessment items is 0,951 and categorized as excellent. The instrument acquires reliability coefficient 0,792 for multiple choice and 0,753 for essay items. This study shows that the content, construction, and items in assessment are feasible. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan instrumen asesmen berpikir kritis untuk siswa SMP kelas VII pada materi interaksi makhluk hidup dengan lingkungan dengan tingkat validitas dan reliabilitas yang memadai. Rancangan penelitian menggunakan model pengembangan menurut Borg & Gall, yang meliputi langkah-langkah: penelitian dan pengumpulan informasi, perencanaan, pengembangan produk awal, uji coba terbatas, revisi produk uji coba terbatas, uji coba lapangan, revisi uji coba produk lapangan, dan penyempurnaan produk akhir. Berdasarkan hasil validasi isi dan konstruk diperoleh tingkat kelayakan produk sebesar 88,35% berada pada kriteria sangat layak. Tingkat keterbacaan soal asesmen sebesar 93,51% dengan kategori sangat baik. Koefisien inter-rater reliability pada soal asesmen bentuk penugasan sebesar 0,951 dengan kategori sangat baik. Instrumen tersebut mempunyai koefisien reliabilitas sebesar 0,792 (soal pilihan ganda dan

  18. Genetic Programming for Automatic Hydrological Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadalawada, Jayashree; Babovic, Vladan

    2017-04-01

    One of the recent challenges for the hydrologic research community is the need for the development of coupled systems that involves the integration of hydrologic, atmospheric and socio-economic relationships. This poses a requirement for novel modelling frameworks that can accurately represent complex systems, given, the limited understanding of underlying processes, increasing volume of data and high levels of uncertainity. Each of the existing hydrological models vary in terms of conceptualization and process representation and is the best suited to capture the environmental dynamics of a particular hydrological system. Data driven approaches can be used in the integration of alternative process hypotheses in order to achieve a unified theory at catchment scale. The key steps in the implementation of integrated modelling framework that is influenced by prior understanding and data, include, choice of the technique for the induction of knowledge from data, identification of alternative structural hypotheses, definition of rules, constraints for meaningful, intelligent combination of model component hypotheses and definition of evaluation metrics. This study aims at defining a Genetic Programming based modelling framework that test different conceptual model constructs based on wide range of objective functions and evolves accurate and parsimonious models that capture dominant hydrological processes at catchment scale. In this paper, GP initializes the evolutionary process using the modelling decisions inspired from the Superflex framework [Fenicia et al., 2011] and automatically combines them into model structures that are scrutinized against observed data using statistical, hydrological and flow duration curve based performance metrics. The collaboration between data driven and physical, conceptual modelling paradigms improves the ability to model and manage hydrologic systems. Fenicia, F., D. Kavetski, and H. H. Savenije (2011), Elements of a flexible approach

  19. SMP93-PC: Standard Ship Motion Program for Personal Computer with Small Boat Capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-01

    W*V/OMEGAE*FJ{Z*TOD*PHI2D(3) DO 4 1=1,3 CIV (KI)=CIV(K,I)+WTDL(J,K)*CT(I) IF (ADDEES) NTV(K,I)=HTV(K,I)4WTDL(J,K)*HT(I) 4 CONTINUE IF PADRES ) HT7(K...8217DISP.’,’VEL. ’.’ACC. V/ DATA PT /’Pl’,’P2’,’P3’ )P4 pS’,)Pe’lP7),IP8’IP9’ ,’ PIO ’/ DATA TT /’DSP’,’VEL’,’ACC’/, DATA PPM /’LON’,’LAT’,’VER’/ 2AT ’HEAVE

  20. Python Program to Select HII Region Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Clare; Lamarche, Cody; Vishwas, Amit; Stacey, Gordon J.

    2016-01-01

    HII regions are areas of singly ionized Hydrogen formed by the ionizing radiaiton of upper main sequence stars. The infrared fine-structure line emissions, particularly Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Neon, can give important information about HII regions including gas temperature and density, elemental abundances, and the effective temperature of the stars that form them. The processes involved in calculating this information from observational data are complex. Models, such as those provided in Rubin 1984 and those produced by Cloudy (Ferland et al, 2013) enable one to extract physical parameters from observational data. However, the multitude of search parameters can make sifting through models tedious. I digitized Rubin's models and wrote a Python program that is able to take observed line ratios and their uncertainties and find the Rubin or Cloudy model that best matches the observational data. By creating a Python script that is user friendly and able to quickly sort through models with a high level of accuracy, this work increases efficiency and reduces human error in matching HII region models to observational data.

  1. Wellness: A Developmental Programming Model for Residence Halls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, Mark J.

    1985-01-01

    Demonstrates how a Wellness model can be an effective vehicle for promoting developmental programs in residence halls. The Wellness model is examined in terms of marketing, student development theory, and balanced programming. (BL)

  2. A Linear Programming Model to Optimize Various Objective Functions of a Foundation Type State Support Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matzke, Orville R.

    The purpose of this study was to formulate a linear programming model to simulate a foundation type support program and to apply this model to a state support program for the public elementary and secondary school districts in the State of Iowa. The model was successful in producing optimal solutions to five objective functions proposed for…

  3. Stochastic linear programming models, theory, and computation

    CERN Document Server

    Kall, Peter

    2011-01-01

    This new edition of Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory and Computation has been brought completely up to date, either dealing with or at least referring to new material on models and methods, including DEA with stochastic outputs modeled via constraints on special risk functions (generalizing chance constraints, ICC’s and CVaR constraints), material on Sharpe-ratio, and Asset Liability Management models involving CVaR in a multi-stage setup. To facilitate use as a text, exercises are included throughout the book, and web access is provided to a student version of the authors’ SLP-IOR software. Additionally, the authors have updated the Guide to Available Software, and they have included newer algorithms and modeling systems for SLP. The book is thus suitable as a text for advanced courses in stochastic optimization, and as a reference to the field. From Reviews of the First Edition: "The book presents a comprehensive study of stochastic linear optimization problems and their applications. … T...

  4. A Single Base Substitution Adjacent to the Stop Codon in the downstream of the SMP3 gene Affects its Post-trancriptional process in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donny Widianto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The smp3-1 mutant allele confers increased holding stability of heterologous plasmid, pSR1, and a temperature-sensitive growth defect which is remediable by the addition of 1 M sorbitol as the osmotic stabilizer. The smp3-1 allele contains two base substitutions; one is in the open reading frame and changed the 490th CAT (encoding Histidine to TAT (tyrosine, and the other one is an A for G substitution, at 2 bp downstream from termination codon. These base substitutions were separated each other by recombination at a BstNI site located between these two substitutions. The base substitution in the 3'' untranslated region was found to be lethal and the defect was unremediable by the osmotic stabilizer, while that in the open reading frame has no appreciable effect to the cell. Thus, both the base substitutions join together confer the smp3-1 mutant phenotype. The smp3-1 mutant cells cultivated at 37 OC in nutrient medium containing 1 M sorbitol showed similar smp3 transcription as in the wild type. These facts suggest that smp3-1 mutation has a defect in its post-transcriptional process.

  5. Pengaruh Cyberbullying Di Media Sosial Terhadap Perilaku Reaktif Sebagai Pelaku Maupun Sebagai Korban Cyberbullying Pada Siswa Kristen SMP Nasional Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mira Marleni Pandie

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh cyberbullying  terhadap perilaku reaktif sebagai pelaku sekaligus sebagai korban cyberbullying pada siswa. Penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan metode survei dengan mengambil sampel sebanyak 40 orang dari SMP Nasional Kota Makassar. Siswa yang dimaksud dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa SMP kelas VII sampai kelas IX karena tanggap terhadap teknologi dan  pada masa ini terjadi perubahan secara fisik dan psikis yang membawa siswa pada suatu fase yang disebut masa transisi, labil, mencari identitas dan mencari public figure. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah terbuktinya hipotesis bahwa ada pengaruh antara perilaku pelaku cyberbullying dengan perilaku reaktif siswa Kristen korban cyberbullying dengan signifikansi 0,037<0,05. Dengan demikian jelas bahwa bila makin tinggi perilaku reaktif pelaku maka makin tinggi pula perilaku reaktif korban. Semakin rendah perilaku reaktif pelaku maka makin rendah pula perilaku reaktif korban cyberbullying.  

  6. Pengaruh Kebisingan Lalulintas terhadap Konsentrasi Belajar Siswa SMP N 1 Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amwal Halil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMasalah kebisingan karena lalulintas yang padat di daerah perkotaan menyebabkan sulitnya untuk mendapatkan lokasi sekolah yang tenang. Sekolah Menengah Pertama Negeri 1 Padang merupakan sarana pendidikan yang terletak di daerah perkotaan dan berada di pinggir jalan raya yang arus lalulintasnya padat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh kebisingan lalulintas terhadap konsentrasi belajar siswa SMP N 1 Padang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode cross sectional comparative, dimana tingkat kebisingan dan tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa dikumpulkan secara bersamaan. Pengukuran tingkat kebisingan menggunakan alat ukur sound level meter yang diukur pada dua titik yang berbeda, yaitu di sekitar kelas yang dekat dengan jalan raya dan di sekitar kelas yang jauh dari jalan raya. Tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa diukur dengan menggunakan digit symbol test dan digit span test. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan uji statistik chi square dengan derajat kepercayaan 95% (p=0,05. Hasil pengukuran tingkat kebisingan di sekitar kelas yang dekat dengan jalan raya sebesar 69.62 dB dan tingkat kebisingan di sekitar kelas yang jauh dari jalan raya sebesar 72.80 dB. Tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa yang dekat dengan jalan raya menggunakan digit symbol test didapatkan jumlah siswa yang: kurang konsentrasi = 7, cukup konsentrasi = 33, dan dengan digit span test di dapatkan yang kurang konsentrasi =7 dan cukup konsentrasi = 33. Tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa yang jauh dari jalan raya dengan menggunakan digit symbol test didapatkan: kurang konsentrasi = 5, cukup konsentrasi = 34 dan dengan digit span test di dapatkan: kurang konsentrasi = 9 dan cukup konsentrasi = 30. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan tingkat konsentrasi yang bermakna antara kelas yang dekat dengan jalan raya dan kelas yang jauh dari jalan raya.Kata kunci: kebisingan lalulintas, siswa, konsentrasi belajarAbstractNoise problems due to heavy traffic in

  7. Persepsi Siswa terhadap Komunikasi Guru Pembimbing dalam Pelaksanaan Layanan Informasi (Studi Deskriptif terhadap Siswa SMP N 26 Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ines novianti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In fact at the school execution of information service less is effective caused by perception of student to communications teacher counsellor. Target of research lay open perception of student to communications teacher counsellor in execution of information service in SMP N 26 Field. This Research use quantitative approach of descriptive type, intake of Stratified Sampling sampel. result of research indicate that perception of student to communications teacher counsellor in execution of good enough information service

  8. Suggestion Program and Model Installation Program - Duplication of Effort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    REPORTNUMBER88-26- TITL SUGESIONPROGAM ND ODE INSALLTIO PRGRAM -DULICTIO OF EFFORT AUTHR(S)MAJR DOALD . TOWBRDGEUSA FACUTY DVISRMAOR SEVE L.HANSN, CSC/824STU...NIP Evaluation Process............................ 13 FIGURE 3--USAF MIP Growth................................... 17 0. p.r vip I -.# EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...the study centers on program processes for submitting and evaluating proposals. The Suggestion Program and MIP processes are similar in that they both

  9. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Usia Menarche Siswi SMP Adabiah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitrah Umi Mutasya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMenarche (menars adalah haid pertama dari uterus yang merupakan awal dari fungsi menstruasi dan tanda telah terjadinya pubertas pada remaja putri. Pada dekade terakhir menunjukkan kecenderungan pergeseran usia menars ke arah umur yang lebih muda. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan usia menars. Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik observasional dalam bentuk rancangan cross sectional study. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswi SMP Adabiah kelas VII dan VIII tahun ajaran 2012/2013. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 72 siswi yang diambil secara Simple Random Sampling. Data dikumpulkan dengan angket dan pengukuran tinggi dan berat badan responden. Pengolahan data dilakukan secara komputerisasi dan analisis dengan uji chi-square pada α = 0,05. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa usia menars rata-rata siswi SMP Adabiah adalah 12,29 ± 0,49 tahun. Uji statistik menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara tingkat pendapatan per kapita dan status gizi dengan usia menars sedangkan tingkan pendidikan orang tua dan paparan media massa tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna dengan usia menars.Kata kunci: usia menars, pendapatan per kapita, status gizi AbstractMenarche is the first menstruation or bleeding of the uterus that is the beginning of the menstrual function and mark the occurrence of puberty in young girls. In the past decade shows a shift in the age of menarche trend toward younger age. The objective of this study was to determine the associated factors to age of menarche. This type of research is observational analytic with cross sectional study design. The population in this study were all junior high school students of class VII and VIII academic year 2012/2013. The total sample of 72 student were taken by simple random sampling. Data were collected by questionnaire and measurement of height and weight. Data was analyzed  by chi-square test at α = 0,005. The result showed that the

  10. ANALISIS KESESUAIAN SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL MATEMATIKA SMP MENGACU PADA PENILAIAN PROGRAMME FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESSMENT

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    N. F. Sari

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan mendeskripsikan klasifikasi soal UN Matematika SMP lima tahun terakhir mengacu pada penilaian PISA yang meliputi, aspek konten , aspek proses, aspek konteks, tingkat.  Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian kualitatif deskriptif. Pengumpulan data pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode dokumentasi.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa klasifikasi soal UN Matematika SMP tidak ideal sesuai dengan ketetapan PISA. Pada aspek konten perubahan dan keterkaitan serta ruang dan bentuk mempunyai distribusi lebih dari distribusi yang ditetapkan PISA (25%. Aspek konten ruang dan bentuk mempunyai distribusi rata-rata paling tinggi dibandingkan dengan aspek konten yang lain yaitu 42,5%. Pada aspek proses kemampuan menggunakan konsep, fakta, prosedur dan penalaran Matematika yang mempunyai distribusi rata-rata 79% dari 50% ketetapan PISA. Proses menafsirkan, menerapkan dan mengevaluasi hasil dari suatu proses Matematika belum termuat dalam soal UN Matematika. Soal UN Matematika memiliki distribusi rata-rata 71% tidak memuat konteks. Sebaran soal UN Matematika lebih banyak pada perhitungan secara langsung tanpa memuat konteks. Tingkat kemampuan Matematika dalam PISA pada soal UN Matematika berada pada level 2 dan didominasi soal-soal yang terletak pada level 1.Disimpulkan bahwa sebaran konten, proses dan konteks soal UN Matematika lima tahun terakhir belum memenuhi standar ideal sesuai dengan ketetapan PISA.AbstractThis study aimed to determine and describe classification problem Mathematics national examination junior high school last five years refers to PISA assessment which includes, content aspects, process aspects, context aspect, level. This type of  research is descriptive qualitative research . Collecting data in this study using methods documentation. The aspect of  content change and relevance as well as space and shape distributions have more than specified distribution PISA (25 %. Aspects of  space

  11. PENINGKATAN PEMAHAMAN KONSEP DAN KOMPETENSI STRATEGIS MATEMATIS SISWA SMP DENGAN PENDEKATAN METAPHORICAL THINKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Afrilianto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan menelaah peningkatan  pemahaman konsep dan kompetensi strategis matematis antara siswa yang memperoleh pembelajaran dengan pendekatan metaphorical thinking, dengan siswa yang memperoleh pembelajaran biasa. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan kuasi eksperimen. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 12 Bandung. Sampel dalam penelitian ini dipilih sebanyak 2 kelas dari kelas VIII. Kelas eksperimen memperoleh pembelajaran dengan pendekatan metaphorical thinking, dan kelas kontrol memperoleh pembelajaran biasa. Instrumen penelitian meliputi tes pemahaman konsep dan kompetensi strategis matematis, angket, pedoman observasi dan pedoman wawancara. Pengolahan data peningkatan pemahaman konsep dan kompetensi strategis matematis menggunakan uji-t dan uji Mann-Whitney. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1 Terdapat perbedaan peningkatan pemahaman konsep dan kompetensi strategis matematis antara siswa yang memperoleh pembelajaran dengan pendekatan metaphorical thinking, dengan siswa yang memperoleh pembelajaran biasa; (2 Siswa menunjukkan sikap yang positif terhadap pembelajaran dengan pendekatan metaphorical thinking.   Kata Kunci: pendekatan metaphorical thinking, pemahaman konsep matematis, kompetensi strategis matematis.   This research aim to describe and to analyze the enhancement of mathematical conceptual understanding and strategic competence between students in metaphorical thinking approach and conventional learning. This kind of research is a quasi experiment. The populations of this research are all of the students of VIII grade in SMP Negeri 12 Bandung. The samples of this research are by choosing 2 classes of VIII grade. The experiment class obtains the metaphorical thinking approach, and the control class obtains the conventional learning. The research of data is obtained by giving a mathematical conceptual understanding and strategic competence test, questionnaire

  12. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, KOMUNIKASI ORGANISASI, MOTIVASI, DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMP NEGERI 16 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gading Puspaningtyas

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Kinerja guru yang baik tentunya dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, seperti kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, komunikasi organisasi, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja yang ada di SMP Negeri 16 Semarang. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini yaitu tingkat kedisiplinan guru dalam mengumpulkan perangkat pembelajaran masih rendah, hal ini mengakibatkan proses kegiatan belajar menjadi kurang efektif karena materi, media, dan metode yang dibawakan timbul secara spontan, siswa memiliki sedikit pengetahuan tentang kewirausahaan di sekolah, materi belajar pada buku sekolah masih terbatas, dan ruang kantor yang terasa panas dan gelap. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode dokumentasi dan angket. Uji keberartian persamaan regresi dilihat dari uji Fhitung = 22,103 dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,000 < 0,05 sehingga diperoleh Y = 5,502 + 0,121X1 + 0,232X2 + 0,145X3+ 0,116X4. Besarnya pengaruh secara simultan antara kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, komunikasi organisasi, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja terhadap kinerja guru yaitu 66,8%. Variabel yang memberikan pengaruh paling besar terhadap kinerja guru secara parsial adalah komunikasi organisasi yaitu sebesar 17,47%, sedangkan untuk kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja berpengaruh lebih kecil yaitu masing-masing sebesar 11,69%, 11,35% dan 10,56%. Teacher’s performance is influenced by several factors, such as principal’s leadership, organization communication, motivation, and work environment. The initial observation showed that the problems of the teacher’s performance were: teacher’s discipline to gather the learn program still low, it was ineffective learning process because the material, media, and method were spontaneous, students have a little knowledge about entrepreneurship, the books are still limited, and a part of the teacher’s room was hot and dark. The data were colleted by documentation and questionnaire. The significance of the test equation as calculated from the F

  13. Human factors engineering program review model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-07-01

    The staff of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is performing nuclear power plant design certification reviews based on a design process plan that describes the human factors engineering (HFE) program elements that are necessary and sufficient to develop an acceptable detailed design specification and an acceptable implemented design. There are two principal reasons for this approach. First, the initial design certification applications submitted for staff review did not include detailed design information. Second, since human performance literature and industry experiences have shown that many significant human factors issues arise early in the design process, review of the design process activities and results is important to the evaluation of an overall design. However, current regulations and guidance documents do not address the criteria for design process review. Therefore, the HFE Program Review Model (HFE PRM) was developed as a basis for performing design certification reviews that include design process evaluations as well as review of the final design. A central tenet of the HFE PRM is that the HFE aspects of the plant should be developed, designed, and evaluated on the basis of a structured top-down system analysis using accepted HFE principles. The HFE PRM consists of ten component elements. Each element in divided into four sections: Background, Objective, Applicant Submittals, and Review Criteria. This report describes the development of the HFE PRM and gives a detailed description of each HFE review element.

  14. The Use of Molecular Modeling Programs in Medicinal Chemistry Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrold, Marc W.

    1992-01-01

    This paper describes and evaluates the use of a molecular modeling computer program (Alchemy II) in a pharmaceutical education program. Provided are the hardware requirements and basic program features as well as several examples of how this program and its features have been applied in the classroom. (GLR)

  15. Neural Network Program Package for Prosody Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Santarius

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available This contribution describes the programme for one part of theautomatic Text-to-Speech (TTS synthesis. Some experiments (for example[14] documented the considerable improvement of the naturalness ofsynthetic speech, but this approach requires completing the inputfeature values by hand. This completing takes a lot of time for bigfiles. We need to improve the prosody by other approaches which useonly automatically classified features (input parameters. Theartificial neural network (ANN approach is used for the modeling ofprosody parameters. The program package contains all modules necessaryfor the text and speech signal pre-processing, neural network training,sensitivity analysis, result processing and a module for the creationof the input data protocol for Czech speech synthesizer ARTIC [1].

  16. PENGARUH PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN KONTEKSTUAL TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS MATEMATIS SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usep Suwanjal

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Critical thinking skills of mathematics mastered by students is very important, especially in the competition of globalitation era. An approach that can improve both of them is contextual approach in learning. This research aims are to determine: The Improvement of students' critical thinking skills between the class which used contextual approach in learning and the one which used conventional learning. Quasi-experiment methods was used in the research  and the design was "pretest-posttest non equivalent control group". Population of this research was the students of SMP Negeri 3 Menggala and class VIII C and VIII D as the research sample, technique of samples used purposive sampling. Data collected by the instrument test critical thinking of mathematics. The improvement of critical thinking skills data analysed by using the t- test. The findings of this study indicated:  The Improvement of students' critical thinking skills between the class which used contextual approach in learning was better than which used conventional learning. In table t-test indicated sig < α is 0.001 < 0.05Keywords : contextual approach, critical thinking skills of mathematics

  17. KOMPARASI METODE STANDARD SETTING UNTUK PENENTUAN KKM MATA PELAJARAN MATEMATIKA KELAS VIII SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susi Anto

    2013-12-01

    COMPARISON OF STANDARD SETTING METHOD FOR DETERMINING MINIMUM MASTERY CRITERIA Abstract The objective of the research is to find cutscore of Minimum Mastery Criteria (KKM by utilizing methods existing in standard setting. The methods used are Extended Angoff and Ebel methods. This research is quantitative descriptive one supported by qualitative data. Quantitative data used in this research are the pattern of students’ responses against the problems of Mathematics at the End of the Year Examination for SMP/MTs for eight graders in Kabupaten Sleman 2011/2012. In addition, quantitative data obtained from expert judgement are also used for determining cut of score. Meanwhile, qualitative expert judgement is used to assess the quality of standard setting meeting. The result of this research shows that cutscore gained using both Extended Angoff and Ebel methods is 59 and 50,98 respectively on a scale of 100. This cutscore is significantly different from school KKM defined using conventional method. Based on analysis of standard setting, Extended Angoff method would provide cutscore result that is relatively more valid compared to Ebel. The validity of standard setting measured in this research is the internal validity including method consistency, decision consistency, intra-judge consistency, and inter-judge consistency. Keywords: standard setting,  minimum mastery criteria, standard setting validity

  18. Investigations of shot reproducibility for the SMP diode at 4.5 MV.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennett, Nichelle; Crain, Marlon D.; Droemer, Darryl W.; Gignac, Raymond Edward; Lare, Gregory A.; Molina, Isidro; Obregon, Rafael; Smith, Chase C.; Wilkins, Frank Lee; Welch, Dale Robert; Cordova, Steve Ray; Gallegos, M.; Johnston, Mark D.; Kiefer, Mark L; Leckbee, Joshua J.; Nielsen, Daniel Scott; Oliver, Bryan Velten; Renk, Timothy Jerome; Romero, Tobias; Webb, Timothy Jay; Ziska, Derek Raymond

    2013-11-01

    In experiments conducted on the RITS-6 accelerator, the SMP diode exhibits sig- ni cant shot-to-shot variability. Speci cally, for identical hardware operated at the same voltage, some shots exhibit a catastrophic drop in diode impedance. A study is underway to identify sources of shot-to-shot variations which correlate with diode impedance collapse. To remove knob emission as a source, only data from a shot series conducted with a 4.5-MV peak voltage are considered. The scope of this report is limited to sources of variability which occur away from the diode, such as power ow emission and trajectory changes, variations in pulsed power, dustbin and transmission line alignment, and di erent knob shapes. We nd no changes in the transmission line hardware, alignment, or hardware preparation methods which correlate with impedance collapse. However, in classifying good versus poor shots, we nd that there is not a continuous spectrum of diode impedance behavior but that the good and poor shots can be grouped into two distinct impedance pro les. This result forms the basis of a follow-on study focusing on the variability resulting from diode physics. 3

  19. Fabrication and characterization of a foamed polylactic acid (PLA)/ thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) shape memory polymer (SMP) blend for biomedical and clinical applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Janice J.; Srivastava, Ijya; Kowalski, Jennifer; Naguib, Hani E.

    2014-03-01

    Shape memory polymers (SMP) are a class of stimuli-responsive materials that are able to respond to external stimulus such as heat by altering their shape. Bio-compatible SMPs have a number of advantages over static materials and are being studied extensively for biomedical and clinical applications (such as tissue stents and scaffolds). A previous study has demonstrated that the bio-compatible polymer blend of polylactic acid (PLA)/ thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) (50/50 and 70/30) exhibit good shape memory properties. In this study, the mechanical and thermo-mechanical (shape memory) properties of TPU/PLA SMP blends were characterized; the compositions studied were 80/20, 65/35, and 50/50 TPU/PLA. In addition, porous TPU/PLA SMP blends were fabricated with a gas-foaming technique; and the morphology of the porous structure of these SMPs foams were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The TPU/PLA bio-compatible SMP blend was fabricated with melt-blending and compression molding. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of the SMP blends was determined with a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The mechanical properties studied were the stress-strain behavior, tensile strength, and elastic modulus; and the thermomechanical (or shape memory) properties studied were the shape fixity rate (Rf), shape recovery rate (Rr), response time, and the effect of recovery temperature on Rr. The porous 80/20 PLA/TPU SMP blend was found to have the highest tensile strength, toughness and percentage extension, as well as the lowest density and uniform pore structure in the micron and submicron scale. The porous 80/20 TPU/PLA SMP blend may be further developed for specific biomedical and clinical applications where a combination of tensile strength, toughness, and low density are required.

  20. Support for career development in youth: program models and evaluations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekinda, Megan A

    2012-01-01

    This article examines four influential programs-Citizen Schools, After School Matters, career academies, and Job Corps-to demonstrate the diversity of approaches to career programming for youth. It compares the specific program models and draws from the evaluation literature to discuss strengths and weaknesses of each. The article highlights three key lessons derived from the models that have implications for career development initiatives more generally: (1) career programming can and should be designed for youth across a broad age range, (2) career programming does not have to come at the expense of academic training or preparation for college, and (3) program effectiveness depends on intentional design and high-quality implementation.

  1. BUILDING MATHEMATICAL MODELS IN DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LIANA RODICA PATER

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In short, we can say that dynamic programming is a method of optimization of systems, using their mathematical representation in phases or sequences or as we say, periods. Such systems are common in economic studies at the implementation of programs on the most advanced techniques, such as for example that involving cosmic navigation. Another concept that is involved in the study of dynamic programs is the economic horizon (number of periods or phases that a dynamic program needs. This concept often leads to the examination of the convergence of certain variables on infinite horizon. In many cases from the real economy by introducing updating, dynamic programs can be made convergent.

  2. The Longitudinal Elderly Person Shadowing Program: Outcomes from an Interprofessional Senior Partner Mentoring Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basran, Jenny F. S.; Dal Bello-Haas, Vanina; Walker, Doreen; MacLeod, Peggy; Allen, Bev; D'Eon, Marcel; McKague, Meredith; Chopin, Nicola S.; Trinder, Krista

    2012-01-01

    The University of Saskatchewan's Longitudinal Elderly Person Shadowing (LEPS) is an interprofessional senior mentors program (SMP) where teams of undergraduate students in their first year of medicine, pharmacy, and physiotherapy; 2nd year of nutrition; 3rd year nursing; and 4th year social work partner with community-dwelling older adults.…

  3. Programming models for energy-aware systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Haitao

    Energy efficiency is an important goal of modern computing, with direct impact on system operational cost, reliability, usability and environmental sustainability. This dissertation describes the design and implementation of two innovative programming languages for constructing energy-aware systems. First, it introduces ET, a strongly typed programming language to promote and facilitate energy-aware programming, with a novel type system design called Energy Types. Energy Types is built upon a key insight into today's energy-efficient systems and applications: despite the popular perception that energy and power can only be described in joules and watts, real-world energy management is often based on discrete phases and modes, which in turn can be reasoned about by type systems very effectively. A phase characterizes a distinct pattern of program workload, and a mode represents an energy state the program is expected to execute in. Energy Types is designed to reason about energy phases and energy modes, bringing programmers into the optimization of energy management. Second, the dissertation develops Eco, an energy-aware programming language centering around sustainability. A sustainable program built from Eco is able to adaptively adjusts its own behaviors to stay on a given energy budget, avoiding both deficit that would lead to battery drain or CPU overheating, and surplus that could have been used to improve the quality of the program output. Sustainability is viewed as a form of supply and demand matching, and a sustainable program consistently maintains the equilibrium between supply and demand. ET is implemented as a prototyped compiler for smartphone programming on Android, and Eco is implemented as a minimal extension to Java. Programming practices and benchmarking experiments in these two new languages showed that ET can lead to significant energy savings for Android Apps and Eco can efficiently promote battery awareness and temperature awareness in real

  4. KELEKATAN ANAK DENGAN IBU DAN AYAH SERTA PERILAKU PORNOGRAFI PADA ANAK USIA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rika Hardani Hardani

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The mother’s attachment and father’s attachment with children were formed since childhood, will influence the future development of the child's personality. A good personality will make children able to choose good behavior and not to fall into negative behaviors such as behavioral pornography. The research aimed is to analyze the influence of mother-child's attachment and father-child’s attachment on the behavior of school-age child pornography (SMP. The choice of location was purposively in South Tangerang City. A total of 600 children aged junior consisting of 278 men and 322 women were selected using cluster random sampling technique with the class as a cluster of selected schools in the study sites. Respondents were asked to fill out questionnaires of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA and the questionnaire Pornography Behavior. Data were analyzed with descriptive analysis, correlation, and regression. The results showed that the boys and girls of mother’s attachment score higher than father’s attachment scores. Behavior pornography on boys is higher than girls. The mother’s attachment and father’s attachment showed a significant negative correlation with the behavior of pornography. Regression analysis showed that family income significant positive effect on the behavior of pornography. Instead, the mother’s attachment and father’s attachment significant negative effect on the behavior of pornography.

  5. PENGEMBANGAN SOAL-SOAL OPEN-ENDED PADA POKOK BAHASAN SEGITIGA DAN SEGIEMPAT DI SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariska Yusuf

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The research is proposed to: (1 get open-ended problems which are valid and practice  on the math topic Triangle and Rectangle in junior high school. (2 find potential effects of open ended problems to the students on the topic about triangle and rectangle in junior high school. The methodology that use in this study is a developmental research. Subject of this research is 35 students of seventh grade (VII.10 at SMP Negeri 2 Banyuasin III. The way of collecting data is by using interview, document analysis, and test of open ended problems. All data have been collected was analysed by using qualitative descriptive. The result of data analysis come to conclusion, that: (1 This research produces open ended problems on the topic of triangle and rectangle for students of VII grade  are valid and practice. The validity was described by the result of validator scores, where the all validators state that the instrument have been valid based on content, construction and language. The validity was also described by the validation the problems in small group. The practical was described by testing the problem to a small group where most of the students were able to solve the open-ended problems given. (2 The prototype of open-ended problems which was developed have positive potential effect to the result of student learning process, and it is shown by the variety of the students’ answers and the average of complete students of 3 time tests of open-ended problems which resulted 77,2%.   Keywords: Development Research, Open-Ended Problem, Triangle and Rectangle ES;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'>: Penerapan, MPG, Pelajaran Matematika.

  6. PENGEMBANGAN PANDUAN PELATIHAN EFIKASI DIRI DALAM HUBUNGAN PERTEMANAN MELALUI STRATEGI EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING BAGI SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Layli Novita

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The research aims to develop self-efficacy training guides in friendship through experiential learning strategies for junior high school students, so that the counselor can use it as a media of social guidance services for the student especially to improve his confidence in the friendship. This training guide is printed teaching materials containing substance, operational measures, and the evaluation. The procedur of this developmental research is adapted from Borg and Galls (1983 which did in 3 step; 1 plannin;(2 developmental product; and (3 try out of the product. Based on the results of data analysis from expert assessment and potential users as well as revisions that are made in accordance with the advice and input to the product, it can be concluded that this training guide meets the good acceptance criteria and effectively proven in improving students self-efficacy in peer friendships. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan  panduan pelatihan efikasi diri dalam hubungan pertemanan melalui strategi experiential learning bagi siswa SMP, sehingga konselor dapat menggunakannya sebagai media dalam memberikan layanan bimbingan pribadi-sosial kepada siswa khususnya dalam meningkatkan keyakinan diri di dalam hubungan pertemanan. Panduan pelatihan ini adalah bahan ajar berbasis buku cetakan yang berisi materi, langkah kegiatan, serta evaluasi.Prosedur penelitian dan pengembanganpanduan pelatihan efikasi diri dalam hubungan pertemanan ini  mengadaptasi pengembangan Borg and Gall (1983 yang dilakukan dalam 3 tahapan yaitu, (1 perencanaan pengembangan produk, (2 pengembangan produk, dan (3Uji Coba Produk. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data penilaian ahli dan calon pengguna serta revisi-revisi yang dilakukan sesuai dengan saran dan masukan terhadap produk ini, dapat disimpulkan bahwa panduan pelatihan ini memenuhi kriteria keberterimaan yang baik dan terbukti efektif dalam meningkatkan efikasi diri siswa didalam hubungan

  7. A Model Program for Dental Assisting Education in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Industrial Education.

    Intended to provide assistance for developing new programs and improving existing ones, the guide was constructed by dental assisting instructors and other professional participants in a 196 5 workshop conference. Elements of the model program were derived from a statistical analysis of California junior colleg e programs in dental assisting and…

  8. Energy efficiency in nonprofit agencies: Creating effective program models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, M.A.; Prindle, B.; Scherr, M.I.; White, D.L.

    1990-08-01

    Nonprofit agencies are a critical component of the health and human services system in the US. It has been clearly demonstrated by programs that offer energy efficiency services to nonprofits that, with minimal investment, they can educe their energy consumption by ten to thirty percent. This energy conservation potential motivated the Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory to conceive a project to help states develop energy efficiency programs for nonprofits. The purpose of the project was two-fold: (1) to analyze existing programs to determine which design and delivery mechanisms are particularly effective, and (2) to create model programs for states to follow in tailoring their own plans for helping nonprofits with energy efficiency programs. Twelve existing programs were reviewed, and three model programs were devised and put into operation. The model programs provide various forms of financial assistance to nonprofits and serve as a source of information on energy efficiency as well. After examining the results from the model programs (which are still on-going) and from the existing programs, several replicability factors'' were developed for use in the implementation of programs by other states. These factors -- some concrete and practical, others more generalized -- serve as guidelines for states devising program based on their own particular needs and resources.

  9. Support for Career Development in Youth: Program Models and Evaluations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekinda, Megan A.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines four influential programs--Citizen Schools, After School Matters, career academies, and Job Corps--to demonstrate the diversity of approaches to career programming for youth. It compares the specific program models and draws from the evaluation literature to discuss strengths and weaknesses of each. The article highlights…

  10. Evaluating Vocational Programs: A Three Dimensional Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Sharaf N.; Nejad, Mahmoud

    The traditional methods of assessing the academic programs in the liberal arts are inappropriate for evaluating vocational and technical programs. In traditional academic disciplines, assessment of instruction is conducted in two fashions: student evaluation at the end of a course and institutional assessment of its goals and mission. Because of…

  11. Visual Teaching Model for Introducing Programming Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shehane, Ronald; Sherman, Steven

    2014-01-01

    This study examines detailed usage of online training videos that were designed to address specific course problems that were encountered in an online computer programming course. The study presents the specifics of a programming course where training videos were used to provide students with a quick start path to learning a new programming…

  12. Building an advanced climate model: Program plan for the CHAMMP (Computer Hardware, Advanced Mathematics, and Model Physics) Climate Modeling Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-01

    The issue of global warming and related climatic changes from increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has received prominent attention during the past few years. The Computer Hardware, Advanced Mathematics, and Model Physics (CHAMMP) Climate Modeling Program is designed to contribute directly to this rapid improvement. The goal of the CHAMMP Climate Modeling Program is to develop, verify, and apply a new generation of climate models within a coordinated framework that incorporates the best available scientific and numerical approaches to represent physical, biogeochemical, and ecological processes, that fully utilizes the hardware and software capabilities of new computer architectures, that probes the limits of climate predictability, and finally that can be used to address the challenging problem of understanding the greenhouse climate issue through the ability of the models to simulate time-dependent climatic changes over extended times and with regional resolution.

  13. Mantis: Predicting System Performance through Program Analysis and Modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Chun, Byung-Gon; Lee, Sangmin; Maniatis, Petros; Naik, Mayur

    2010-01-01

    We present Mantis, a new framework that automatically predicts program performance with high accuracy. Mantis integrates techniques from programming language and machine learning for performance modeling, and is a radical departure from traditional approaches. Mantis extracts program features, which are information about program execution runs, through program instrumentation. It uses machine learning techniques to select features relevant to performance and creates prediction models as a function of the selected features. Through program analysis, it then generates compact code slices that compute these feature values for prediction. Our evaluation shows that Mantis can achieve more than 93% accuracy with less than 10% training data set, which is a significant improvement over models that are oblivious to program features. The system generates code slices that are cheap to compute feature values.

  14. Evolutionary Model to Traditional Culture and Program Organization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jing-xiao; JIN Wei-xing; YANG De-qin

    2006-01-01

    To study the relationship between the evolutions of Chinese Traditional Culture (CTC) and program organization, an outline of the CTC is generalized by reviewing literature, and which is also compartmentalized into two aspects according to economic philosophy views: traditional philosophy aspect and value judgment. Based on three dimensions, which are the philosophy aspect (P), program organization model (P), and value judgment from economic philosophy views (V), and this evolution sequence, the CTC's influence on the program organization model in the evolution is discussed; then the cultural spatial evolution model for program organization based on the three dimensions (PPV) is constructed. From analyzing the plane matrix of P-P and empirical investigating on the organizational model of construction enterprises, it is found that the ancient Chinese government organizational model still has prevailing influence on the modern program organizational model in China.

  15. Deadlock Detection in Basic Models of MPI Synchronization Communication Programs

    CERN Document Server

    Liao, Ming-xue

    2007-01-01

    A model of MPI synchronization communication programs is presented and its three basic simplified models are also defined. A series of theorems and methods for deciding whether deadlocks will occur among the three models are given and proved strictly. These theories and methods for simple models' deadlock detection are the necessary base for real MPI program deadlock detection. The methods are based on a static analysis through programs and with runtime detection in necessary cases and they are able to determine before compiling whether it will be deadlocked for two of the three basic models. For another model, some deadlock cases can be found before compiling and others at runtime. Our theorems can be used to prove the correctness of currently popular MPI program deadlock detection algorithms. Our methods may decrease codes that those algorithms need to change to MPI source or profiling interface and may detects deadlocks ahead of program execution, thus the overheads can be reduced greatly.

  16. Modeling the effects of study abroad programs on college students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvin H. Yu; Garry E. Chick; Duarte B. Morais; Chung-Hsien Lin

    2009-01-01

    This study explored the possibility of modeling the effects of a study abroad program on students from a university in the northeastern United States. A program effect model was proposed after conducting an extensive literature review and empirically examining a sample of 265 participants in 2005. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA),...

  17. Integer Programming Model for Maximum Clique in Graph

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Xi-bo; YANG You; ZENG Xin-hai

    2005-01-01

    The maximum clique or maximum independent set of graph is a classical problem in graph theory. Combined with Boolean algebra and integer programming, two integer programming models for maximum clique problem,which improve the old results were designed in this paper. Then, the programming model for maximum independent set is a corollary of the main results. These two models can be easily applied to computer algorithm and software, and suitable for graphs of any scale. Finally the models are presented as Lingo algorithms, verified and compared by several examples.

  18. Efficient Global Programming Model for Discriminant Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ANGULAKSHMI

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Conventional statistical analysis includes the capacity to systematically assign individuals to groups. We suggest alternative assignment procedures, utilizing a set of interrelated goal programming formulations. This paper represents an effort to suggest ways by which the discriminant problem might reasonably be addressed via straightforward linear goal programming formulations. Simple and direct, such formulations may ultimately compete with conventional approaches - free of the classical assumptions and possessing a stronger intuitive appeal. We further demonstrate via simple illustration the potential of these procedures to play a significant part in addressing the discriminant problem, and indicate fundamental ideas that lay the foundation for other more sophisticated approaches.

  19. Development and Implementation of a Program Management Maturity Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hartwig, Laura; Smith, Matt

    2008-12-15

    In 2006, Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) announced an updatedvision statement for the organization. The vision is “To be the most admired team within the NNSA [National Nuclear Security Administration] for our relentless drive to convert ideas into the highest quality products and services for National Security by applying the right technology, outstanding program management and best commercial practices.” The challenge to provide outstanding program management was taken up by the Program Management division and the Program Integration Office (PIO) of the company. This article describes how Honeywell developed and deployed a program management maturity model to drive toward excellence.

  20. Active and accurate trans-translation requires distinct determinants in the C-terminal tail of SmpB protein and the mRNA-like domain of transfer messenger RNA (tmRNA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camenares, Devin; Dulebohn, Daniel P; Svetlanov, Anton; Karzai, A Wali

    2013-10-18

    Unproductive ribosome stalling in eubacteria is resolved by the actions of SmpB protein and transfer messenger (tm) RNA. We examined the functional significance of conserved regions of SmpB and tmRNA to the trans-translation process. Our investigations reveal that the N-terminal 20 residues of SmpB, which are located near the ribosomal decoding center, are dispensable for all known SmpB activities. In contrast, a set of conserved residues that reside at the junction between the tmRNA-binding core and the C-terminal tail of SmpB play an important role in tmRNA accommodation. Our data suggest that the highly conserved glycine 132 acts as a flexible hinge that enables movement of the C-terminal tail, thus permitting proper positioning and establishment of the tmRNA open reading frame (ORF) as the surrogate template. To gain further insights into the function of the SmpB C-terminal tail, we examined the tagging activity of hybrid variants of tmRNA and the SmpB protein, in which the tmRNA ORF or the SmpB C-terminal tail was substituted with the equivalent but highly divergent sequences from Francisella tularensis. We observed that the hybrid tmRNA was active but resulted in less accurate selection of the resume codon. Cognate hybrid SmpB was necessary to restore activity. Furthermore, accurate tagging was observed when the identity of the resume codon was reverted from GGC to GCA. Taken together, these data suggest that the engagement of the tmRNA ORF and the selection of the correct translation resumption point are distinct activities that are influenced by independent tmRNA and SmpB determinants.

  1. Organizational analysis of three community support program models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinke, B; Greenley, J R

    1986-06-01

    Little attention has been paid to the organizational and administrative characteristics of effective community support programs for the chronic mentally ill. The authors analyzed three successful support programs in Wisconsin that employ three different models of service delivery: one provides services through caseworkers who carry specialized caseloads, another through local nonprofessionals who work with a centrally located program coordinator, and the third through a team of various mental health workers. Each program has tailored its organizational process to suit the types of clients it sees, the size of its catchment area, and the availability of other professional resources. The interrelated strengths and weaknesses of each model are discussed.

  2. Designing Academic Leadership Minor Programs: Emerging Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diallo, Lamine; Gerhardt, Kris

    2017-01-01

    With a growing number of leadership programs in universities and colleges in North America, leadership educators and researchers are engaged in a wide ranging dialogue to propose clear processes, content, and designs for providing academic leadership education. This research analyzes the curriculum design of 52 institutions offering a "Minor…

  3. Model checking abstract state machines with answer set programming

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Answer Set Programming (ASP) is a logic programming paradigm that has been shown as a useful tool in various application areas due to its expressive modelling language. These application areas include Bourided Model Checking (BMC). BMC is a verification technique that is recognized for its strong ability of finding errors in computer systems. To apply BMC, a system needs to be modelled in a formal specification language, such as the widely used formalism of Abstract State Machines (ASMs). In ...

  4. ERRORS IN USING ENGLISH AS CLASSROOM LANGUAGE COMMITTED BY THE ICT TEACHER OF SMP NEGERI 2 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huyi Intan Sari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to discuss the problems faced by the ICT teacher of SMP Negeri 2 Semarang in using English as classroom language. The International Standard School project is a new education policy in Indonesia that was enacted with a main goal to prepare the students for global competition. This policy is both an effort to internationalize schools in Indonesia and a part of the national education decentralization reform. The title International Standard School, SBI in Bahasa, is given as an accreditation status to schools that have completed the required standards. This accredited status requires the school to carry out teaching and learning process all in English. This applies to all subjects including ICT. This article is based on the observation on the teaching and learning process in ICT class at SMP Negeri 2 Semarang as one of famous International Standard Schools in Semarang. The observation has resulted in general problems which is elaborated in the teaching documents four aspects of language mastery; fluency, pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary.

  5. MENINGKATKAN PEMBELAJARAN HOCKEY MELALUI PERMAINAN 4 GAWANG KECIL PADA SISWA KELAS VIII 3 SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 4 SEMARANG TAHUN 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Taufiq

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this result the study learning of hockey games through the 4 Small Wicket Game in Grade VIII 3 students of Smp Muhammadiyah 4 Semarang. In this case the right is 4 semarang. research method. In practice consists of two cycles. Based on the results of the research, it showed the percentage of passing students study result in the first cycle, students who got pass score are 58.33% (21 students and who did not pass are 41.66% (15 students. In the second cycle students who got pass score are 88.88% (34 students and students who did not pass are 11.11% (4 students. It indicates an increase completeness of student study result is 30.55%.Based on the research’s result, it can be concluded that the use of 4 Small Wicket Game in Grade VIII 3 students is right to improve the study result of grade VIII 3 students of SMP Muhammadiyah 4 Semarang in learning hockey.

  6. ALREST High Fidelity Modeling Program Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    Gases and Mixtures of Redlich - Kwong and Peng- Robinson Fluids Assumed pdf Model based on k- ε-g Model in NASA/LaRc Vulcan code Level Set model...Potential Attractiveness Of Liquid Hydrocarbon Engines For Boost Applications • Propensity Of Hydrocarbon Engines For Combustion Instability • Air

  7. Research on teacher education programs: logic model approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newton, Xiaoxia A; Poon, Rebecca C; Nunes, Nicole L; Stone, Elisa M

    2013-02-01

    Teacher education programs in the United States face increasing pressure to demonstrate their effectiveness through pupils' learning gains in classrooms where program graduates teach. The link between teacher candidates' learning in teacher education programs and pupils' learning in K-12 classrooms implicit in the policy discourse suggests a one-to-one correspondence. However, the logical steps leading from what teacher candidates have learned in their programs to what they are doing in classrooms that may contribute to their pupils' learning are anything but straightforward. In this paper, we argue that the logic model approach from scholarship on evaluation can enhance research on teacher education by making explicit the logical links between program processes and intended outcomes. We demonstrate the usefulness of the logic model approach through our own work on designing a longitudinal study that focuses on examining the process and impact of an undergraduate mathematics and science teacher education program.

  8. Consideration of an applied model of public health program infrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavinghouze, René; Snyder, Kimberly; Rieker, Patricia; Ottoson, Judith

    2013-01-01

    Systemic infrastructure is key to public health achievements. Individual public health program infrastructure feeds into this larger system. Although program infrastructure is rarely defined, it needs to be operationalized for effective implementation and evaluation. The Ecological Model of Infrastructure (EMI) is one approach to defining program infrastructure. The EMI consists of 5 core (Leadership, Partnerships, State Plans, Engaged Data, and Managed Resources) and 2 supporting (Strategic Understanding and Tactical Action) elements that are enveloped in a program's context. We conducted a literature search across public health programs to determine support for the EMI. Four of the core elements were consistently addressed, and the other EMI elements were intermittently addressed. The EMI provides an initial and partial model for understanding program infrastructure, but additional work is needed to identify evidence-based indicators of infrastructure elements that can be used to measure success and link infrastructure to public health outcomes, capacity, and sustainability.

  9. A macro-mechanical constitutive model for shape memory polymer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    It is of theoretical and engineering interest to establish a macro-mechanical constitutive model of the shape memory polymer (SMP), which includes the mechanical constitutive equation and the material parameter function, from the viewpoint of practical application. In this paper, a new three-dimensional macro-mechanical constitutive equation, which describes the mechanical behaviors associated with the shape memory effect of SMP, is developed based on solid mechanics and the viscoelasticity theorem. According to the results of the DMA test, a new material parameter function is established to express the relationship of the material parameters and temperature during the glass transition of SMP. The new macro-mechanical constitutive equation and material parameter function are used to numerically simulate the process producing the shape memory effect of SMP, which includes deforming at high temperature, stress freezing, unloading at low temperature and shape recovery. They are also used to investigate and analyze the influences of loading rate and temperature change rate on the thermo-mechanical behaviors of SMP. The numerical results and the comparisons with Zhou’s material parameter function and Tobushi’s mechanical constitutive equation illustrate that the proposed three-dimensional macro-mechanical constitutive model can effectively predict the thermo-mechanical behaviors of SMP under the state of complex stress.

  10. Service systems concepts, modeling, and programming

    CERN Document Server

    Cardoso, Jorge; Poels, Geert

    2014-01-01

    This SpringerBrief explores the internal workings of service systems. The authors propose a lightweight semantic model for an effective representation to capture the essence of service systems. Key topics include modeling frameworks, service descriptions and linked data, creating service instances, tool support, and applications in enterprises.Previous books on service system modeling and various streams of scientific developments used an external perspective to describe how systems can be integrated. This brief introduces the concept of white-box service system modeling as an approach to mo

  11. Impact of the Skim Milk Powder Manufacturing Process on the Flavor of Model White Chocolate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Ashleigh; Grandison, Alistair S; Ryan, Angela; Festring, Daniel; Methven, Lisa; Parker, Jane K

    2017-02-15

    Milk powder is an important ingredient in the confectionery industry, but its variable nature has consequences for the quality of the final confectionary product. This paper demonstrates that skim milk powders (SMP) produced using different (but typical) manufacturing processes, when used as ingredients in the manufacture of model white chocolates, had a significant impact on the sensory and volatile profiles of the chocolate. SMP was produced from raw bovine milk using either low or high heat treatment, and a model white chocolate was prepared from each SMP. A directional discrimination test with naïve panelists showed that the chocolate prepared from the high heat SMP had more caramel/fudge character (p chocolates showed a concomitant increase in Maillard-derived volatiles which are likely to account for this change in flavor.

  12. Model-Checking Real-Time Control Programs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iversen, T. K.; Kristoffersen, K. J.; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, we present a method for automatic verification of real-time control programs running on LEGO(R) RCX(TM) bricks using the verification tool UPPALL. The control programs, consisting of a number of tasks running concurrently, are automatically translated into the mixed automata model...

  13. Credibilistic programming an introduction to models and applications

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    It provides fuzzy programming approach to solve real-life decision problems in fuzzy environment. Within the framework of credibility theory, it provides a self-contained, comprehensive and up-to-date presentation of fuzzy programming models, algorithms and applications in portfolio analysis.

  14. The Gold Medal Fitness Program: A Model for Teacher Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Jan; Konza, Deslea; Hearne, Doug; Okely, Tony

    2008-01-01

    Background: Following the 2000 Sydney Olympics, the NSW Premier, Mr Bob Carr, launched a school-based initiative in NSW government primary schools called the "Gold Medal Fitness Program" to encourage children to be fitter and more active. The Program was introduced into schools through a model of professional development, "Quality…

  15. The MAP program: building the digital terrain model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    R.H. Twito; R.W. Mifflin; R.J. McGaughey

    1987-01-01

    PLANS, a software package for integrated timber-harvest planning, uses digital terrain models to provide the topographic data needed to fit harvest and transportation designs to specific terrain. MAP, an integral program in the PLANS package, is used to construct the digital terrain models required by PLANS. MAP establishes digital terrain models using digitizer-traced...

  16. Program Models for Mental Health Treatment of Refugees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaranson, James M.; Bamford, Pauline

    This paper presents the approach used by the Technical Assistance Center (TAC) of the University of Minnesota's Refugee Assistance Program in Mental Health for identifying successful and culturally sensitive mental health service delivery models. It divides these into four categories: the psychiatric model; the community mental health model; the…

  17. Genetic programming-based chaotic time series modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 吴智铭; 杨根科

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes a Genetic Programming-Based Modeling (GPM) algorithm on chaotic time series. GP is used here to search for appropriate model structures in function space, and the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm is used for Nonlinear Parameter Estimation (NPE) of dynamic model structures. In addition, GPM integrates the results of Nonlinear Time Series Analysis (NTSA) to adjust the parameters and takes them as the criteria of established models. Experiments showed the effectiveness of such improvements on chaotic time series modeling.

  18. Modelling of windmill induction generators in dynamic simulation programs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Akhmatov, Vladislav; Knudsen, Hans

    1999-01-01

    . It is shown that it is possible to include a transient model in dynamic stability programs and thus obtain correct results also in dynamic stability programs. A mechanical model of the shaft system has also been included in the generator model...... with and without a model of the mechanical shaft. The reason for the discrepancies are explained, and it is shown that the phenomenon is due partly to the presence of DC offset currents in the induction machine stator, and partly to the mechanical shaft system of the wind turbine and the generator rotor......For AC networks with large amounts of induction generators-in case of e.g. windmills-the paper demonstrates a significant discrepancy in the simulated voltage recovery after faults in weak networks, when comparing result obtained with dynamic stability programs and transient programs, respectively...

  19. Time Aquatic Resources Modeling and Analysis Program (STARMAP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Colorado State University has received funding from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for its Space-Time Aquatic Resources Modeling and Analysis Program...

  20. Applying Model Checking to Industrial-Sized PLC Programs

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2079190; Darvas, Daniel; Blanco Vinuela, Enrique; Tournier, Jean-Charles; Bliudze, Simon; Blech, Jan Olaf; Gonzalez Suarez, Victor M

    2015-01-01

    Programmable logic controllers (PLCs) are embedded computers widely used in industrial control systems. Ensuring that a PLC software complies with its specification is a challenging task. Formal verification has become a recommended practice to ensure the correctness of safety-critical software but is still underused in industry due to the complexity of building and managing formal models of real applications. In this paper, we propose a general methodology to perform automated model checking of complex properties expressed in temporal logics (\\eg CTL, LTL) on PLC programs. This methodology is based on an intermediate model (IM), meant to transform PLC programs written in various standard languages (ST, SFC, etc.) to different modeling languages of verification tools. We present the syntax and semantics of the IM and the transformation rules of the ST and SFC languages to the nuXmv model checker passing through the intermediate model. Finally, two real cases studies of \\CERN PLC programs, written mainly in th...

  1. PENINGKATAN AKTIVITAS DAN HASIL BELAJAR BENTUK PASAR DENGAN METODE COURSE REVIEW HORAY (CRH BERBANTUAN MEDIA GAMBAR KELAS VIII SMP N 1 BULU KABUPATEN SUKOHARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setyaningsih Setyaningsih

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa pada materi bentuk pasar dengan metode Course Review Horay (CRH berbantuan media gambar kelas VIII SMP N 1 Bulu Kabupaten Sukoharjo. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas yang terdiri dari dua siklus. Setiap siklus memiliki empat tahap yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIIIA SMP N 1 Bulu. Data aktivitas siswa dan guru diperoleh dari lembar observasi. Data hasil belajar diperoleh dari soal evaluasi siklus I dan siklus II. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh aktivitas siswa siklus I sebesar 70,83% meningkat menjadi 87,50% pada siklus II. Sedangkan aktivitas guru dalam siklus I sebesar 71,86% meningkat menjadi 90,6% pada siklus II. Rata-rata hasil belajar kognitif menunjukkan pada siklus I sebesar 72,67 meningkat menjadi 83,20 pada siklus II. Sedangkan ketuntasan klasikal pada siklus I sebesar 70% meningkat menjadi 83,33% pada siklus II. Dari hasil penelitian tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa terjadi peningkatan aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa pada materi bentuk pasar dengan metode Course Review Horay (CRH berbantuan media gambar siswa kelas VIIIA SMP N 1 Bulu Kabupaten Sukoharjo. This research is aimed to increasing activity and student learning results in the subject matter of market forms material by using Course Review Horay (CRH method and image as media in VIIIA class of SMP N 1 Bulu. The design is Classroom Action Research (CAR consisting of two cycles, each cycle including planning, action, observation and reflection. The subjects of research were 30 students of the VIIIA class of SMP N 1 Bulu. Student and teacher activity data were obtained from observation sheet. Results learning data were obtained from test evaluation of the first cycle and second cycle. Based on the results research was obtained in the first cycle of student activities at 70,83% increased to 87,50 in the

  2. Photovoltaic subsystem marketing and distribution model: programming manual. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-07-01

    Complete documentation of the marketing and distribution (M and D) computer model is provided. The purpose is to estimate the costs of selling and transporting photovoltaic solar energy products from the manufacturer to the final customer. The model adjusts for the inflation and regional differences in marketing and distribution costs. The model consists of three major components: the marketing submodel, the distribution submodel, and the financial submodel. The computer program is explained including the input requirements, output reports, subprograms and operating environment. The program specifications discuss maintaining the validity of the data and potential improvements. An example for a photovoltaic concentrator collector demonstrates the application of the model.

  3. Photovoltaic subsystem marketing and distribution model: programming manual. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-07-01

    Complete documentation of the marketing and distribution (M and D) computer model is provided. The purpose is to estimate the costs of selling and transporting photovoltaic solar energy products from the manufacturer to the final customer. The model adjusts for the inflation and regional differences in marketing and distribution costs. The model consists of three major components: the marketing submodel, the distribution submodel, and the financial submodel. The computer program is explained including the input requirements, output reports, subprograms and operating environment. The program specifications discuss maintaining the validity of the data and potential improvements. An example for a photovoltaic concentrator collector demonstrates the application of the model.

  4. Putting the pieces together: an integrated model of program implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkel, Cady; Mauricio, Anne M; Schoenfelder, Erin; Sandler, Irwin N

    2011-03-01

    Considerable evidence indicates that variability in implementation of prevention programs is related to the outcomes achieved by these programs. However, while implementation has been conceptualized as a multidimensional construct, few studies examine more than a single dimension, and no theoretical framework exists to guide research on the effects of implementation. We seek to address this need by proposing a theoretical model of the relations between the dimensions of implementation and outcomes of prevention programs that can serve to guide future implementation research. In this article, we focus on four dimensions of implementation, which we conceptualize as behaviors of program facilitators (fidelity, quality of delivery, and adaptation) and behaviors of participants (responsiveness) and present the evidence supporting these as predictors of program outcomes. We then propose a theoretical model by which facilitator and participant dimensions of implementation influence participant outcomes. Finally, we provide recommendations and directions for future implementation research.

  5. DNA computation model to solve 0-1 programming problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Fengyue; Yin, Zhixiang; Liu, Bo; Xu, Jin

    2004-01-01

    0-1 programming problem is an important problem in opsearch with very widespread applications. In this paper, a new DNA computation model utilizing solution-based and surface-based methods is presented to solve the 0-1 programming problem. This model contains the major benefits of both solution-based and surface-based methods; including vast parallelism, extraordinary information density and ease of operation. The result, verified by biological experimentation, revealed the potential of DNA computation in solving complex programming problem.

  6. TELAAH SOAL UJI COBA I BAHASA INDONESIA DI SMP KABUPATEN WONOSOBO TAHUN 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mushoffa Mushoffa

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan ketepatan indikator dalam kisi-kisi soal, keterwakilan setiap kompetensi dasar dalam kisi-kisi soal, kesesuaian antara kisi-kisi soal dan soal, serta capaian daya serap setiap kompetensi dasar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif-kuantitatif. Subjek penelitian ini adalah kisi-kisi soal, soal, dan capaian daya serap dari soal uji coba I bahasa Indonesia di SMP kabupaten Wonosobo tahun 2013. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik baca dan catat. Hasil penelitian ini adalah sebagai berikut: (1 ketepatan indikator dalam kisi-kisi soal termasuk kategori tepat (86,4% dengan rincian ketepatan indikator pada kategori sangat tepat sebesar 22%, tepat sebesar 68%, cukup tepat sebesar 8%, kurang tepat sebesar 2%, dan tidak tepat sebesar 0%; (2 keterwakilan setiap kompetensi dasar dalam kisi-kisi soal uji coba I bahasa Indonesia Kabupaten Wonosobo dalam kategori sangat terwakili (96,7%; (3 kesesuaian antara kisi-kisi soal dan soal uji coba I bahasa Indonesia Kabupaten Wonosobo tahun 2013 termasuk kategori sesuai (86%; dan capaian daya serap untuk seluruh kompetensi dasar dalam soal uji coba I bahasa Indonesia Kabupaten Wonosobo tahun 2013 termasuk kategori rendah yaitu sebesar 56,89% dengan rincian capaian pada kategori sangat tinggi sebesar 0%, tinggi sebesar 14%,  sedang sebesar 24%, rendah sebesar 30%, dan sangat rendah sebesar 32%. Kata Kunci: telaah, kisi-kisi soal, soal, daya serap   THE ANALYSIS OF THE FIRST TRY OUT OF INDONESIAN LANGUAGE TEST IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS OF WONOSOBO REGENCY IN 2013 Abstract This study aims to describe the accuracy of the indicators in the table of specifications, the representation of each basic competence in the table of specifications, the compatibility between table of specifications and test items, and the learning outcomes performance of each basic competence of the test items. This research is qualitative-quantitative descriptive. The subjects

  7. 3-D magnetotelluric inversion including topography using deformed hexahedral edge finite elements and direct solvers parallelized on SMP computers - Part I: forward problem and parameter Jacobians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kordy, M.; Wannamaker, P.; Maris, V.; Cherkaev, E.; Hill, G.

    2016-01-01

    We have developed an algorithm, which we call HexMT, for 3-D simulation and inversion of magnetotelluric (MT) responses using deformable hexahedral finite elements that permit incorporation of topography. Direct solvers parallelized on symmetric multiprocessor (SMP), single-chassis workstations with large RAM are used throughout, including the forward solution, parameter Jacobians and model parameter update. In Part I, the forward simulator and Jacobian calculations are presented. We use first-order edge elements to represent the secondary electric field (E), yielding accuracy O(h) for E and its curl (magnetic field). For very low frequencies or small material admittivities, the E-field requires divergence correction. With the help of Hodge decomposition, the correction may be applied in one step after the forward solution is calculated. This allows accurate E-field solutions in dielectric air. The system matrix factorization and source vector solutions are computed using the MKL PARDISO library, which shows good scalability through 24 processor cores. The factorized matrix is used to calculate the forward response as well as the Jacobians of electromagnetic (EM) field and MT responses using the reciprocity theorem. Comparison with other codes demonstrates accuracy of our forward calculations. We consider a popular conductive/resistive double brick structure, several synthetic topographic models and the natural topography of Mount Erebus in Antarctica. In particular, the ability of finite elements to represent smooth topographic slopes permits accurate simulation of refraction of EM waves normal to the slopes at high frequencies. Run-time tests of the parallelized algorithm indicate that for meshes as large as 176 × 176 × 70 elements, MT forward responses and Jacobians can be calculated in ˜1.5 hr per frequency. Together with an efficient inversion parameter step described in Part II, MT inversion problems of 200-300 stations are computable with total run times

  8. A program of research in environmental modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    A theoretical framework for the interpretation of satellite measurements of stratospheric temperature and trace gases is provided. This problem is quite complicated since the distributions of trace gases are dependent on dynamics and photochemistry. Therefore, the problem was attacked with models employing varying degrees of photochemical and dynamical complexity. The relationship between dynamics and trace gas transport and wave transience, dissipation and critical levels and the net (permanent) transport of trace gases, the role of photochemistry in trace gas transport, photochemistry and dynamics and altering the mean-zonal distribution of stratospheric ozone, and approximations to simplify the interpretation of observations and General Circulation Models are discussed.

  9. CoMD Implementation Suite in Emerging Programming Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-09-23

    CoMD-Em is a software implementation suite of the CoMD [4] proxy app using different emerging programming models. It is intended to analyze the features and capabilities of novel programming models that could help ensure code and performance portability and scalability across heterogeneous platforms while improving programmer productivity. Another goal is to provide the authors and venders with some meaningful feedback regarding the capabilities and limitations of their models. The actual application is a classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulation using either the Lennard-Jones method (LJ) or the embedded atom method (EAM) for primary particle interaction. The code can be extended to support alternate interaction models. The code is expected ro run on a wide class of heterogeneous hardware configurations like shard/distributed/hybrid memory, GPU's and any other platform supported by the underlying programming model.

  10. Geometric model of robotic arc welding for automatic programming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Geometric information is important for automatic programming of arc welding robot. Complete geometric models of robotic arc welding are established in this paper. In the geometric model of weld seam, an equation with seam length as its parameter is introduced to represent any weld seam. The method to determine discrete programming points on a weld seam is presented. In the geometric model of weld workpiece, three class primitives and CSG tree are used to describe weld workpiece. Detailed data structure is presented. In pose transformation of torch, world frame, torch frame and active frame are defined, and transformation between frames is presented. Based on these geometric models, an automatic programming software package for robotic arc welding, RAWCAD, is developed. Experiments show that the geometric models are practical and reliable.

  11. A new model for programming software in body sensor networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de A Barbosa, Talles M G; Sene, Iwens G; da Rocha, Adson F; de O Nascimento, Francisco A A; Carvalho, Joao L A; Carvalho, Hervaldo S

    2007-01-01

    A Body Sensor Network (BSN) must be designed to work autonomously. On the other hand, BSNs need mechanisms that allow changes in their behavior in order to become a clinically useful tool. The purpose of this paper is to present a new programming model that will be useful for programming BSN sensor nodes. This model is based on an intelligent intermediate-level compiler. The main purpose of the proposed compiler is to increase the efficiency in system use, and to increase the lifetime of the application, considering its requirements, hardware possibilities and specialist knowledge. With this model, it is possible to maintain the autonomous operation capability of the BSN and still offer tools that allow users with little grasp on programming techniques to program these systems.

  12. Sudden infant death syndrome prevention: a model program for NICUs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMullen, Sherri L; Lipke, Bethann; LeMura, Catherine

    2009-01-01

    Health care providers' opinions can influence how parents place their infant to sleep. Neonatal nurses can improve how they teach and model safe infant sleep practices to parents. To increase neonatal nurses' knowledge, a sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) prevention program was implemented. Program components included a computerized teaching tool, a crib card, sleep sacks, and discharge instructions. Initial program evaluation showed that 98 percent of infants slept supine and 93 percent slept in sleep sacks in open cribs. However, nurses continued to swaddle some infants with blankets to improve thermoregulation. To increase nursing compliance in modeling safe infant sleep practices, Halo SleepSack Swaddles were provided for nurses to use in place of a blanket to regulate infant temperature. Recent data show that 100 percent of infants in open cribs are now sleeping supine wearing a Halo Swaddle or a traditional Halo SleepSack. This model program can easily be replicated to enhance neonatal nurses' knowledge about SIDS prevention.

  13. Computer simulation modeling of abnormal behavior: a program approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, K D; Freese, M R; Rowe, P B

    1984-07-01

    A need for modeling abnormal behavior on a comprehensive, systematic basis exists. Computer modeling and simulation tools offer especially good opportunities to establish such a program of studies. Issues concern deciding which modeling tools to use, how to relate models to behavioral data, what level of modeling to employ, and how to articulate theory to facilitate such modeling. Four levels or types of modeling, two qualitative and two quantitative, are identified. Their properties are examined and interrelated to include illustrative applications to the study of abnormal behavior, with an emphasis on schizophrenia.

  14. PENGARUH STRATEGI GENIUS LEARNING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATERI FISIKA TOPIK LISTRIK DINAMIS KELAS IX SMP SWASTA RAKSANA MEDAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Juliani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Genius Learning menggunakan gaya belajar yang berdasarkan pendekatan preferensi sensori dan profil kecerdasan (multiple intellegence. Penerapan strategi Genius Learning, berangkat dengan satu keyakinan dan pengharapan bahwa apabila setiap anak didik dapat dimotivasi dengan tepat dan diajar dengan cara yang benar yang menghargai keunikanya maka semua dapat mencapai suatu hasil pembelajaran yang maksimal. Hasil yang diperoleh terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara hasil belajar siswa yang diajarkan genius learning di kelas eksprimen dengan kelas yang diajarkan konvensional di kelas kontrol pada materi pokok fisika topik listrik dinamis di kelas IX SMP Swasta Raksana Medan Tahun Pelajaran 2009/2010. Ini berarti ada pengaruh strategi genius learning di kelas eksperimen yang memberikan hasil belajar yang lebih baik.

  15. Integration of a Multizone Airflow Model into a Thermalsimulation Program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Rasmus Lund; Sørensen, Karl Grau; Heiselberg, Per

    2007-01-01

    a methodology adopted from water distribution network that automatically sets up the independent loops and is easy to implement into a computer program. Finally an example of verification of the model is given which demonstrates the ability of the models to accurately predict the airflow of a simple multizone...

  16. A Novel Nonlinear Programming Model for Distribution Protection Optimization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zambon, Eduardo; Bossois, Débora Z.; Garcia, Berilhes B.; Azeredo, Elias F.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a novel nonlinear binary programming model designed to improve the reliability indices of a distribution network. This model identifies the type and location of protection devices that should be installed in a distribution feeder and is a generalization of the classical optimizat

  17. Diet models with linear goal programming: impact of achievement functions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerdessen, J.C.; Vries, de J.H.M.

    2015-01-01

    Background/Objectives: Diet models based on goal programming (GP) are valuable tools in designing diets that comply with nutritional, palatability and cost constraints. Results derived from GP models are usually very sensitive to the type of achievement function that is chosen. This paper aims to pr

  18. Details of Programming a Model of Children's Counting in ACTP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Mary S.; Greeno, James G.

    Presented is an introduction to the operation and mechanics of the ACTP production system, a version of Anderson's (1976) ACT system. ACTP is already in use modeling geometry theorem proving and counting of a set of objects, and has been identified as a potentially useful programing framework for developing models of the cognitive processes used…

  19. Human Behavior Model Based Control Program for ACC Mobile Robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu Pozna

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Present work is a part of the ACC autonomous car project. This paper will focuson the control program architecture. To design this architecture we will start from thehuman driver behavior model. Using this model we have constructed a three level controlprogram. Preliminary results are presented.

  20. A Primary Prevention Program: Teaching Models I and II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlan, Nancy T; Tschiderer, Patricia A.

    Two teaching models of a service delivery program designed to prevent speech-language problems in lower socioeconomic children were compared. Specific goals included increasing mothers' awareness of the sensory input to which infants are responsive and increasing mothers' abilities to read infant nonverbal signals. In Model 1, two speech-language…

  1. Currency Arbitrage Detection Using a Binary Integer Programming Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soon, Wanmei; Ye, Heng-Qing

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examine the use of a new binary integer programming (BIP) model to detect arbitrage opportunities in currency exchanges. This model showcases an excellent application of mathematics to the real world. The concepts involved are easily accessible to undergraduate students with basic knowledge in Operations Research. Through this…

  2. Modeling the complete Otto cycle: Preliminary version. [computer programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeleznik, F. J.; Mcbride, B. J.

    1977-01-01

    A description is given of the equations and the computer program being developed to model the complete Otto cycle. The program incorporates such important features as: (1) heat transfer, (2) finite combustion rates, (3) complete chemical kinetics in the burned gas, (4) exhaust gas recirculation, and (5) manifold vacuum or supercharging. Changes in thermodynamic, kinetic and transport data as well as model parameters can be made without reprogramming. Preliminary calculations indicate that: (1) chemistry and heat transfer significantly affect composition and performance, (2) there seems to be a strong interaction among model parameters, and (3) a number of cycles must be calculated in order to obtain steady-state conditions.

  3. Use of a business excellence model to improve conservation programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Simon; Groombridge, Jim

    2010-12-01

    The current shortfall in effectiveness within conservation biology is illustrated by increasing interest in "evidence-based conservation," whose proponents have identified the need to benchmark conservation initiatives against actions that lead to proven positive effects. The effectiveness of conservation policies, approaches, and evaluation is under increasing scrutiny, and in these areas models of excellence used in business could prove valuable. Typically, conservation programs require years of effort and involve rigorous long-term implementation processes. Successful balance of long-term efforts alongside the achievement of short-term goals is often compromised by management or budgetary constraints, a situation also common in commercial businesses. "Business excellence" is an approach many companies have used over the past 20 years to ensure continued success. Various business excellence evaluations have been promoted that include concepts that could be adapted and applied in conservation programs. We describe a conservation excellence model that shows how scientific processes and results can be aligned with financial and organizational measures of success. We applied the model to two well-documented species conservation programs. In the first, the Po'ouli program, several aspects of improvement were identified, such as more authority for decision making in the field and better integration of habitat management and population recovery processes. The second example, the black-footed ferret program, could have benefited from leadership effort to reduce bureaucracy and to encourage use of best-practice species recovery approaches. The conservation excellence model enables greater clarity in goal setting, more-effective identification of job roles within programs, better links between technical approaches and measures of biological success, and more-effective use of resources. The model could improve evaluation of a conservation program's effectiveness and may be

  4. SPSS and SAS programming for the testing of mediation models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudley, William N; Benuzillo, Jose G; Carrico, Mineh S

    2004-01-01

    Mediation modeling can explain the nature of the relation among three or more variables. In addition, it can be used to show how a variable mediates the relation between levels of intervention and outcome. The Sobel test, developed in 1990, provides a statistical method for determining the influence of a mediator on an intervention or outcome. Although interactive Web-based and stand-alone methods exist for computing the Sobel test, SPSS and SAS programs that automatically run the required regression analyses and computations increase the accessibility of mediation modeling to nursing researchers. To illustrate the utility of the Sobel test and to make this programming available to the Nursing Research audience in both SAS and SPSS. The history, logic, and technical aspects of mediation testing are introduced. The syntax files sobel.sps and sobel.sas, created to automate the computation of the regression analysis and test statistic, are available from the corresponding author. The reported programming allows the user to complete mediation testing with the user's own data in a single-step fashion. A technical manual included with the programming provides instruction on program use and interpretation of the output. Mediation modeling is a useful tool for describing the relation between three or more variables. Programming and manuals for using this model are made available.

  5. Developing Save Your Food Kit (Sayofu Kit) to Support Inquiry, Improve Student Learning Outcomes at SMP Plus Hidayatul Mubtadiin and Public Awareness on Food Additives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astutik, J.

    2017-02-01

    Food additives are materials that can not be separated from the lives of students and the community. Based on the preliminary questionnaire, it indicates the lack of kit supporting material additives in some schools and communities. The research objectives of this development are (1) to develop Kit experiment (SAYOFU KIT) and supplementary books to improve student learning outcomes in the classroom and public awareness on food additives (2) to describe the feasibility and potential effectiveness of SAYOFU KIT developed (3) to analyze the practice of SAYOFU KIT and benefits for students and the community. This development study uses 4-D models Thiagarajan, et al (1974). Through some stages, they are: defining, designing, developing and disseminating which involes the students and community. The developed SAYOFU KIT includes additives sample kit, borax test kit, curcumin test kit, formaldehyde test kit, modification heater to the identification of dyes and dye test paper. The study is conducted at SMP Plus Hidayatul Mubtadiin, and TKIT Al Uswah. The products are validated by experts and education practitioners. Qualitative data processing uses descriptive method, whereas quantitative data by using the N-gain. The average yield of expert validation of SAYOFU KIT with supplementary books 76.50% teacher’s book and 76.30% student’s book are eligible. The average yield of 96.81% validation of educational practitioners criteria, piloting a small group of 83.15%, and 82.89% field trials are very decent. The average yield on the student questionnaire responses SAYOFU kit and supplementary book is 87.6% with the criteria very well worth it. N-Gain 0:56 cognitive achievement with the criteria enough. The results of the public poll showed 95% feel the benefits SAYOFU kits for testing food. Based from description indicates that SAYOFU Kit developed feasible, practical, useful to support inquiry learning and improve student learning outcomes as well as public awareness of

  6. Constellation Program Life-cycle Cost Analysis Model (LCAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince, Andy; Rose, Heidi; Wood, James

    2008-01-01

    The Constellation Program (CxP) is NASA's effort to replace the Space Shuttle, return humans to the moon, and prepare for a human mission to Mars. The major elements of the Constellation Lunar sortie design reference mission architecture are shown. Unlike the Apollo Program of the 1960's, affordability is a major concern of United States policy makers and NASA management. To measure Constellation affordability, a total ownership cost life-cycle parametric cost estimating capability is required. This capability is being developed by the Constellation Systems Engineering and Integration (SE&I) Directorate, and is called the Lifecycle Cost Analysis Model (LCAM). The requirements for LCAM are based on the need to have a parametric estimating capability in order to do top-level program analysis, evaluate design alternatives, and explore options for future systems. By estimating the total cost of ownership within the context of the planned Constellation budget, LCAM can provide Program and NASA management with the cost data necessary to identify the most affordable alternatives. LCAM is also a key component of the Integrated Program Model (IPM), an SE&I developed capability that combines parametric sizing tools with cost, schedule, and risk models to perform program analysis. LCAM is used in the generation of cost estimates for system level trades and analyses. It draws upon the legacy of previous architecture level cost models, such as the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) Architecture Cost Model (ARCOM) developed for Simulation Based Acquisition (SBA), and ATLAS. LCAM is used to support requirements and design trade studies by calculating changes in cost relative to a baseline option cost. Estimated costs are generally low fidelity to accommodate available input data and available cost estimating relationships (CERs). LCAM is capable of interfacing with the Integrated Program Model to provide the cost estimating capability for that suite of tools.

  7. Using Virtual ATE Model to Migrate Test Programs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓明; 杨乔林

    1995-01-01

    Bacause of high development costs of IC (Integrated Circuit)test programs,recycling existing test programs from one kind of ATE (Automatic Test Equipment) to another or generating directly from CAD simulation modules to ATE is more and more valuable.In this paper,a new approach to migrating test programs is presented.A virtual ATE model based on object-oriented paradigm is developed;it runs Test C++ (an intermediate test control language) programs and TeIF(Test Inftermediate Format-an intermediate pattern),migrates test programs among three kinds of ATE (Ando DIC8032,Schlumberger S15 and GenRad 1732) and generates test patterns from two kinds of CAD 9Daisy and Panda) automatically.

  8. [Cancer screening in Hungary: World Bank supported model programs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodó, M; Döbrössy, L; Liszka, G; Ottó, S; Péter, Z

    1997-07-13

    Since 1995, a model cancer screening program has been in operation in Hungary, the overall purpose of which is to promote the establishment of effective and efficient screening programs by means of adapting the internationally agreed principles of organized screening to the needs and opportunities in Hungary. The establishment and operation of a national population-based cancer registration system is an other aim of the Program. The model program--financed partly from a loan from the World Bank, partly from local funds provided by the Government of Hungary--is to develop standard procedure for cervical, breast and colorectal screening and to end up with tested recommendations for introduction of organized screening of proved effectiveness, integrated into the health care system, on country-wide service bases in Hungary.

  9. Modeling and prioritizing demand response programs in power markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aalami, H.A.; Moghaddam, M. Parsa; Yousefi, G.R. [Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran)

    2010-04-15

    One of the responsibilities of power market regulator is setting rules for selecting and prioritizing demand response (DR) programs. There are many different alternatives of DR programs for improving load profile characteristics and achieving customers' satisfaction. Regulator should find the optimal solution which reflects the perspectives of each DR stakeholder. Multi Attribute Decision Making (MADM) is a proper method for handling such optimization problems. In this paper, an extended responsive load economic model is developed. The model is based on price elasticity and customer benefit function. Prioritizing of DR programs can be realized by means of Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method. Considerations of ISO/utility/customer regarding the weighting of attributes are encountered by entropy method. An Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is used for selecting the most effective DR program. Numerical studies are conducted on the load curve of the Iranian power grid in 2007. (author)

  10. Center for Programming Models for Scalable Parallel Computing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Mellor-Crummey

    2008-02-29

    Rice University's achievements as part of the Center for Programming Models for Scalable Parallel Computing include: (1) design and implemention of cafc, the first multi-platform CAF compiler for distributed and shared-memory machines, (2) performance studies of the efficiency of programs written using the CAF and UPC programming models, (3) a novel technique to analyze explicitly-parallel SPMD programs that facilitates optimization, (4) design, implementation, and evaluation of new language features for CAF, including communication topologies, multi-version variables, and distributed multithreading to simplify development of high-performance codes in CAF, and (5) a synchronization strength reduction transformation for automatically replacing barrier-based synchronization with more efficient point-to-point synchronization. The prototype Co-array Fortran compiler cafc developed in this project is available as open source software from http://www.hipersoft.rice.edu/caf.

  11. Report of the 2014 Programming Models and Environments Summit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heroux, Michael [US Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Lethin, Richard [US Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    2016-09-19

    Programming models and environments play the essential roles in high performance computing of enabling the conception, design, implementation and execution of science and engineering application codes. Programmer productivity is strongly influenced by the effectiveness of our programming models and environments, as is software sustainability since our codes have lifespans measured in decades, so the advent of new computing architectures, increased concurrency, concerns for resilience, and the increasing demands for high-fidelity, multi-physics, multi-scale and data-intensive computations mean that we have new challenges to address as part of our fundamental R&D requirements. Fortunately, we also have new tools and environments that make design, prototyping and delivery of new programming models easier than ever. The combination of new and challenging requirements and new, powerful toolsets enables significant synergies for the next generation of programming models and environments R&D. This report presents the topics discussed and results from the 2014 DOE Office of Science Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) Programming Models & Environments Summit, and subsequent discussions among the summit participants and contributors to topics in this report.

  12. From Mice to Men: research models of developmental programming

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Developmental programming can be defined as a response to a specific challenge to the mammalian organism during a critical developmental time window that alters the trajectory of development with persistent effects on offspring phenotype and predisposition to future illness. We focus on the need for studies in relevant, well-characterized animal models in the context of recent research discoveries on the challenges, mechanisms and outcomes of developmental programming. We discuss commonalitie...

  13. Research on the Business English training model within MBA program

    OpenAIRE

    Natalia Yankovskaya; Olga Neklyudova

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents a brief summary of the research on the Business English training model within MBA program students. This study is devoted to the problem of developing a professional foreign language communicative competency of MBA program participants. A particular feature of additional MBA qualification is its international status which presupposes that its graduates (mid-level and top managers) should realize their professional tasks in a foreign language. The analysis of literary ...

  14. Deterministic Consistency: A Programming Model for Shared Memory Parallelism

    OpenAIRE

    Aviram, Amittai; Ford, Bryan

    2009-01-01

    The difficulty of developing reliable parallel software is generating interest in deterministic environments, where a given program and input can yield only one possible result. Languages or type systems can enforce determinism in new code, and runtime systems can impose synthetic schedules on legacy parallel code. To parallelize existing serial code, however, we would like a programming model that is naturally deterministic without language restrictions or artificial scheduling. We propose "...

  15. An Adaptive Neural Network Model for Nonlinear Programming Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiang-sun Zhang; Xin-jian Zhuo; Zhu-jun Jing

    2002-01-01

    In this paper a canonical neural network with adaptively changing synaptic weights and activation function parameters is presented to solve general nonlinear programming problems. The basic part of the model is a sub-network used to find a solution of quadratic programming problems with simple upper and lower bounds. By sequentially activating the sub-network under the control of an external computer or a special analog or digital processor that adjusts the weights and parameters, one then solves general nonlinear programming problems. Convergence proof and numerical results are given.

  16. Supplementary Educational Models in Canadian Neurosurgery Residency Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Won Hyung A; Chan, Sonny; Sutherland, Garnette R

    2017-03-01

    The proposed implementation of work hour restrictions has presented a significant challenge of maintaining the quality of resident education and ensuring adequate hands-on experience that is essential for novice surgeons. To maintain the level of resident surgical competency, revision of the apprentice model of surgical education to include supplementary educational methods, such as laboratory and virtual reality (VR) simulations, have become frequent topics of discussion. We aimed to better understand the role of supplementary educational methods in Canadian neurosurgery residency training. An online survey was sent to program directors of all 14 Canadian neurosurgical residency programs and active resident members of the Canadian Neurosurgical Society (N=85). We asked 16 questions focusing on topics of surgeon perception, current implementation and barriers to supplementary educational models. Of the 99 surveys sent, 8 out of 14 (57%) program directors and 37 out of 85 (44%) residents completed the survey. Of the 14 neurosurgery residency programs across Canada, 7 reported utilizing laboratory-based teaching within their educational plan, while only 3 programs reported using VR simulation as a supplementary teaching method. The biggest barriers to implementing supplementary educational methods were resident availability, lack of resources, and cost. Work-hour restrictions threaten to compromise the traditional apprentice model of surgical training. The potential value of supplementary educational methods for surgical education is evident, as reported by both program directors and residents across Canada. However, availability and utilization of laboratory and VR simulations are limited by numerous factors such as time constrains and lack of resources.

  17. Programming biological models in Python using PySB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Carlos F; Muhlich, Jeremy L; Bachman, John A; Sorger, Peter K

    2013-01-01

    Mathematical equations are fundamental to modeling biological networks, but as networks get large and revisions frequent, it becomes difficult to manage equations directly or to combine previously developed models. Multiple simultaneous efforts to create graphical standards, rule-based languages, and integrated software workbenches aim to simplify biological modeling but none fully meets the need for transparent, extensible, and reusable models. In this paper we describe PySB, an approach in which models are not only created using programs, they are programs. PySB draws on programmatic modeling concepts from little b and ProMot, the rule-based languages BioNetGen and Kappa and the growing library of Python numerical tools. Central to PySB is a library of macros encoding familiar biochemical actions such as binding, catalysis, and polymerization, making it possible to use a high-level, action-oriented vocabulary to construct detailed models. As Python programs, PySB models leverage tools and practices from the open-source software community, substantially advancing our ability to distribute and manage the work of testing biochemical hypotheses. We illustrate these ideas using new and previously published models of apoptosis.

  18. A model for improving the health and quality of life of single mothers in the developing world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mainthia, Rajshri; Reppart, Laura; Reppart, Jim; Pearce, Elizabeth C; Cohen, Jordan J; Netterville, James L

    2013-12-01

    Among the impoverished population of coastal Kenya, there is a rapidly growing group of young single mothers who suffer from adverse health outcomes, incomplete schooling, social ostracism by their communities, and economic hardship. To address this problem, in 2008 the Single Mothers Program (SMP) selected a group of vulnerable single mothers, provided them with basic relief and education, equipped them with training and start-up capital to run their own businesses, and assessed the impact of the program via a pre- and post-implementation survey. After two years in the program, a majority of the single mothers increased their contraceptive use, increased their degree of literacy, increased their individual incomes, and were more positively perceived by their communities. This study demonstrates a program model that can be used to improve the health and quality of life of single mothers and their children in similar communities throughout the world.

  19. Genetic programming-based chaotic time series modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 吴智铭; 杨根科

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes a Genetic Programming-Based Modeling(GPM)algorithm on chaotic time series. GP is used here to search for appropriate model structures in function space,and the Particle Swarm Optimization(PSO)algorithm is used for Nonlinear Parameter Estimation(NPE)of dynamic model structures. In addition,GPM integrates the results of Nonlinear Time Series Analysis(NTSA)to adjust the parameters and takes them as the criteria of established models.Experiments showed the effectiveness of such improvements on chaotic time series modeling.

  20. SISP : Simplified Interface for Stochastic Programming Establishing a hard link between mathematical programming modeling languages and SMPS codes

    CERN Document Server

    Condevaux Lanloy, Christian; King, A J

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this article is to propose a general approach to link a stochastic programming enabler to a mathematical programming modeling language. Modelers often choose to formulate their problems in well- tested, general purpose modeling languages such as GAMS and AMPL, but these modeling languages do not currently implement a natural syntax for stochastic programming. Specialized stochastic programming tools are available to efficiently generate and solve large-scale stochastic programs, but they lack many of the convenient features of the modeling languages. The lack of a well developed link between these tools and modeling languages prevents many modelers from accessing a powerful and convenient technique to take into account uncertainties. As an attempt to fill this gap, we will present SISP (Simplified Interface for Stochastic Programming), an interface between Algebraic Modeling Languages and specialized Stochastic Programming solvers, also known as SP solvers. 12 Refs.

  1. Physical properties of the benchmark models program supercritical wing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dansberry, Bryan E.; Durham, Michael H.; Bennett, Robert M.; Turnock, David L.; Silva, Walter A.; Rivera, Jose A., Jr.

    1993-01-01

    The goal of the Benchmark Models Program is to provide data useful in the development and evaluation of aeroelastic computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes. To that end, a series of three similar wing models are being flutter tested in the Langley Transonic Dynamics Tunnel. These models are designed to simultaneously acquire model response data and unsteady surface pressure data during wing flutter conditions. The supercritical wing is the second model of this series. It is a rigid semispan model with a rectangular planform and a NASA SC(2)-0414 supercritical airfoil shape. The supercritical wing model was flutter tested on a flexible mount, called the Pitch and Plunge Apparatus, that provides a well-defined, two-degree-of-freedom dynamic system. The supercritical wing model and associated flutter test apparatus is described and experimentally determined wind-off structural dynamic characteristics of the combined rigid model and flexible mount system are included.

  2. Understanding science teacher enhancement programs: Essential components and a model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegel, Samuel Albert

    Researchers and practioners alike recognize that "the national goal that every child in the United States has access to high-quality school education in science and mathematics cannot be realized without the availability of effective professional development of teachers" (Hewson, 1997, p. 16). Further, there is a plethora of reports calling for the improvement of professional development efforts (Guskey & Huberman, 1995; Kyle, 1995; Loucks-Horsley, Hewson, Love, & Stiles, 1997). In this study I analyze a successful 3-year teacher enhancement program, one form of professional development, to: (1) identify essential components of an effective teacher enhancement program; and (2) create a model to identify and articulate the critical issues in designing, implementing, and evaluating teacher enhancement programs. Five primary sources of information were converted into data: (1) exit questionnaires, (2) exit surveys, (3) exit interview transcripts, (4) focus group transcripts, and (5) other artifacts. Additionally, a focus group was used to conduct member checks. Data were analyzed in an iterative process which led to the development of the list of essential components. The Components are categorized by three organizers: Structure (e.g., science research experience, a mediator throughout the program), Context (e.g., intensity, collaboration), and Participant Interpretation (e.g., perceived to be "safe" to examine personal beliefs and practices, actively engaged). The model is based on: (1) a 4-year study of a successful teacher enhancement program; (2) an analysis of professional development efforts reported in the literature; and (3) reflective discussions with implementors, evaluators, and participants of professional development programs. The model consists of three perspectives, cognitive, symbolic interaction, and organizational, representing different viewpoints from which to consider issues relevant to the success of a teacher enhancement program. These

  3. A model technology transfer program for independent operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoeling, L.G.

    1996-08-01

    In August 1992, the Energy Research Center (ERC) at the University of Kansas was awarded a contract by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a technology transfer regional model. This report describes the development and testing of the Kansas Technology Transfer Model (KTTM) which is to be utilized as a regional model for the development of other technology transfer programs for independent operators throughout oil-producing regions in the US. It describes the linkage of the regional model with a proposed national technology transfer plan, an evaluation technique for improving and assessing the model, and the methodology which makes it adaptable on a regional basis. The report also describes management concepts helpful in managing a technology transfer program.

  4. ICU early physical rehabilitation programs: financial modeling of cost savings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lord, Robert K; Mayhew, Christopher R; Korupolu, Radha; Mantheiy, Earl C; Friedman, Michael A; Palmer, Jeffrey B; Needham, Dale M

    2013-03-01

    To evaluate the potential annual net cost savings of implementing an ICU early rehabilitation program. Using data from existing publications and actual experience with an early rehabilitation program in the Johns Hopkins Hospital Medical ICU, we developed a model of net financial savings/costs and presented results for ICUs with 200, 600, 900, and 2,000 annual admissions, accounting for both conservative- and best-case scenarios. Our example scenario provided a projected financial analysis of the Johns Hopkins Medical ICU early rehabilitation program, with 900 admissions per year, using actual reductions in length of stay achieved by this program. U.S.-based adult ICUs. Financial modeling of the introduction of an ICU early rehabilitation program. Net cost savings generated in our example scenario, with 900 annual admissions and actual length of stay reductions of 22% and 19% for the ICU and floor, respectively, were $817,836. Sensitivity analyses, which used conservative- and best-case scenarios for length of stay reductions and varied the per-day ICU and floor costs, across ICUs with 200-2,000 annual admissions, yielded financial projections ranging from -$87,611 (net cost) to $3,763,149 (net savings). Of the 24 scenarios included in these sensitivity analyses, 20 (83%) demonstrated net savings, with a relatively small net cost occurring in the remaining four scenarios, mostly when simultaneously combining the most conservative assumptions. A financial model, based on actual experience and published data, projects that investment in an ICU early rehabilitation program can generate net financial savings for U.S. hospitals. Even under the most conservative assumptions, the projected net cost of implementing such a program is modest relative to the substantial improvements in patient outcomes demonstrated by ICU early rehabilitation programs.

  5. On the Feasibility of a Unified Modelling and Programming Paradigm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haxthausen, Anne Elisabeth; Peleska, Jan

    2016-01-01

    , in particular for complex cyber-physical systems or systems of systems. Though modelling, programming, and verification will certainly become more closely integrated in the future, we do not expect a single formalism to become universally applicable and accepted by the development and verification communities......In this article, the feasibility of a unified modelling and programming paradigm is discussed from the perspective of large scale system development and verification in collaborative development environments. We motivate the necessity to utilise multiple formalisms for development and verification...

  6. Transforming PLC Programs into Formal Models for Verification Purposes

    CERN Document Server

    Darvas, D; Blanco, E

    2013-01-01

    Most of CERN’s industrial installations rely on PLC-based (Programmable Logic Controller) control systems developed using the UNICOS framework. This framework contains common, reusable program modules and their correctness is a high priority. Testing is already applied to find errors, but this method has limitations. In this work an approach is proposed to transform automatically PLC programs into formal models, with the goal of applying formal verification to ensure their correctness. We target model checking which is a precise, mathematical-based method to check formalized requirements automatically against the system.

  7. Model-based automated testing of critical PLC programs.

    CERN Document Server

    Fernández Adiego, B; Tournier, J-C; González Suárez, V M; Bliudze, S

    2014-01-01

    Testing of critical PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) programs remains a challenging task for control system engineers as it can rarely be automated. This paper proposes a model based approach which uses the BIP (Behavior, Interactions and Priorities) framework to perform automated testing of PLC programs developed with the UNICOS (UNified Industrial COntrol System) framework. This paper defines the translation procedure and rules from UNICOS to BIP which can be fully automated in order to hide the complexity of the underlying model from the control engineers. The approach is illustrated and validated through the study of a water treatment process.

  8. Building enterprise reuse program--A model-based approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅宏; 杨芙清

    2002-01-01

    Reuse is viewed as a realistically effective approach to solving software crisis. For an organization that wants to build a reuse program, technical and non-technical issues must be considered in parallel. In this paper, a model-based approach to building systematic reuse program is presented. Component-based reuse is currently a dominant approach to software reuse. In this approach, building the right reusable component model is the first important step. In order to achieve systematic reuse, a set of component models should be built from different perspectives. Each of these models will give a specific view of the components so as to satisfy different needs of different persons involved in the enterprise reuse program. There already exist some component models for reuse from technical perspectives. But less attention is paid to the reusable components from a non-technical view, especially from the view of process and management. In our approach, a reusable component model--FLP model for reusable component--is introduced. This model describes components from three dimensions (Form, Level, and Presentation) and views components and their relationships from the perspective of process and management. It determines the sphere of reusable components, the time points of reusing components in the development process, and the needed means to present components in terms of the abstraction level, logic granularity and presentation media. Being the basis on which the management and technical decisions are made, our model will be used as the kernel model to initialize and normalize a systematic enterprise reuse program.

  9. COMPLEX PROGRAMS FOR MODELING HIGHWAY: PARK, PROFILE AND COMPOSITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Iu. Smirnov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The main part of developing computer-aided design of roads are simulation systems to see the road in action. Modeling of the functioning of the road in such a simulation system - this test road design in the computer. This article describes three modules: PARK, PROFILE, COMPOSITION and comprising a set of process simulation programs functioning road. A significant increase in the accuracy of simulation results provides software parks established normative reference database of technical and economic parameters of vehicles belonging to the stream. Completeness framework allows continuous adjustment and constant up-dating of the parameters types of cars in different scales calculation excludes construction and operating costs in justifying economic calculations optimality design solutions and increases the reliability of evaluating the effectiveness of capital investments in the construction and reconstruction of roads. Optimization of the design solutions in general, as a single continuous sequence of combinations of elements contributes to road profile program that analyzes the geometric elements of the plan, longitudinal section, compressing the geometry information of the way for the subsequent modeling of the functioning of the road. Program PROFILE (and built on its basis BASIS program, PROFILE is a nexus between the projecting programs and programs that simulate traffic. Transport and road performance computer modeled for a particular stream of automobile. Technical and economic parameters of vehicles belonging to the flow (up to 20, which is sufficient for practical and research tasks and their percentage in the flow of the program selects COMPOSITION regulatory reference framework articulated earlier PARK module and writes them to a working file for their subsequent use module RIDE.

  10. A comprehensive operational semantics of the SCOOP programming model

    CERN Document Server

    Morandi, Benjamin; Meyer, Bertrand

    2011-01-01

    Operational semantics has established itself as a flexible but rigorous means to describe the meaning of programming languages. Oftentimes, it is felt necessary to keep a semantics small, for example to facilitate its use for model checking by avoiding state space explosion. However, omitting many details in a semantics typically makes results valid for a limited core language only, leaving a wide gap towards any real implementation. In this paper we present a full-fledged semantics of the concurrent object-oriented programming language SCOOP (Simple Concurrent Object-Oriented Programming). The semantics has been found detailed enough to guide an implementation of the SCOOP compiler and runtime system, and to detect and correct a variety of errors and ambiguities in the original informal specification and prototype implementation. In our formal specification, we use abstract data types with preconditions and axioms to describe the state, and introduce a number of special run-time operations to model the runti...

  11. Menu variations for diabetes mellitus patients using Goal Programming model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhoruri, Atmini; Lestari, Dwi; Ratnasari, Eminugroho

    2017-08-01

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) was a chronic metabolic disease characterized by higher than normal blood glucose level (normal blood glucose level = = 80 -120 mg/dl). In this study, type 2 DM which mostly caused by unhealthy eating habits would be investigated. Related to eating habit, DM patients needed dietary menu planning with an extracare regarding their nutrients intake (energy, protein, fat and carbohydrate). Therefore, the measures taken were by organizing nutritious dietary menu for diabetes mellitus patients. Dietary menu with appropriate amount of nutrients was organized by considering the amount of calories, proteins, fats and carbohydrates. In this study, Goal Programming model was employed to determine optimal dietary menu variations for diabetes mellitus patients by paying attention to optimal expenses. According to the data obtained from hospitals in Yogyakarta, optimal menu variations would be analyzed by using Goal Programming model and would be completed by using LINGO computer program.

  12. Model forest program: Year in review, 1992-1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-01-01

    As part of the Green Plan, introduced by the Federal Government in late 1990, a network of model forests was developed to demonstrate the concept of sustainable forest management in practical terms on a working scale. This annual report describes the competitive site selection process, the forests involved in the project, program milestones, the operation of model forests, and highlights of the project. Financial data is included.

  13. Lysogenic Streptococcus suis isolate SS2-4 containing prophage SMP showed increased mortality in zebra fish compared to the wild-type isolate.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang Tang

    Full Text Available Streptococcus suis (S. suis infection is considered to be a major problem in the swine industry worldwide. Based on the capsular type, 33 serotypes of S. suis have been described, with serotype 2 (SS2 being the most frequently isolated from diseased piglets. Little is known, however, about the pathogenesis and virulence factors of S. suis. Research on bacteriophages highlights a new area in S. suis research. A S. suis serotype 2 bacteriophage, designated SMP, has been previously isolated in our laboratory. Here, we selected a lysogenic isolate in which the SMP phage was integrated into the chromosome of strain SS2-4. Compared to the wild-type isolate, the lysogenic strain showed increased mortality in zebra fish. Moreover the sensitivity of the lysogenic strain to lysozyme was seven times higher than that of the wild-type.

  14. Lysogenic Streptococcus suis isolate SS2-4 containing prophage SMP showed increased mortality in zebra fish compared to the wild-type isolate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Fang; Zhang, Wei; Lu, Chengping

    2013-01-01

    Streptococcus suis (S. suis) infection is considered to be a major problem in the swine industry worldwide. Based on the capsular type, 33 serotypes of S. suis have been described, with serotype 2 (SS2) being the most frequently isolated from diseased piglets. Little is known, however, about the pathogenesis and virulence factors of S. suis. Research on bacteriophages highlights a new area in S. suis research. A S. suis serotype 2 bacteriophage, designated SMP, has been previously isolated in our laboratory. Here, we selected a lysogenic isolate in which the SMP phage was integrated into the chromosome of strain SS2-4. Compared to the wild-type isolate, the lysogenic strain showed increased mortality in zebra fish. Moreover the sensitivity of the lysogenic strain to lysozyme was seven times higher than that of the wild-type.

  15. An Evaluative Review of School Accreditation Implementation Program in Indonesian Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haryati, Sri

    2014-01-01

    This paper critically reviews and evaluates the implementation of School Accreditation Program for the period of 2013 with a particular reference to Central Java Schools, consisting of Kindergarten (TK) Elementary School (SD), Junior High School (SMP) and Senior High School (SMA) (Note 1). The aim of the review is to see to what extent they can…

  16. Program Demand Cost Model for Alaskan Schools. Eighth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Michael; Mearig, Tim; Coffee, Nathan

    The State of Alaska Department of Education has created a handbook for establishing budgets for the following three types of construction projects: new schools or additions; renovations; and combined new work and renovations. The handbook supports a demand cost model computer program that includes detailed renovation cost data, itemized by…

  17. Duals for classical inventory models via generalized geometric programming

    OpenAIRE

    Carlton H. Scott; Thomas R. Jefferson; Soheila Jorjani

    2004-01-01

    Inventory problems generally have a structure that can be exploited for computational purposes. Here, we look at the duals of two seemingly unrelated inventory models that suggest an interesting duality between discrete time optimal control and optimization over an ordered sequence of variables. Concepts from conjugate duality and generalized geometric programming are used to establish the duality.

  18. Application of Logic Models in a Large Scientific Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Keefe, Christine M.; Head, Richard J.

    2011-01-01

    It is the purpose of this article to discuss the development and application of a logic model in the context of a large scientific research program within the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). CSIRO is Australia's national science agency and is a publicly funded part of Australia's innovation system. It conducts…

  19. Universal Instructional Design as a Model for Educational Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higbee, Jeanne L.

    2007-01-01

    This article describes Universal Instructional Design as an inclusive pedagogical model for use in educational programs, whether provided by traditional educational institutions, community-based initiatives, or workplace literacy projects. For the benefit of public relations specialists and classroom educators alike, the article begins with a…

  20. The Diversity Challenge: A Collection of Model Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellander, Gustavo A., Ed.; Prochaska, Fred, Ed.

    Model programs designed to promote diversity within the West Valley-Mission Community College District (WVMCCD) in California are discussed and described in this report. First, an introductory chapter, "The Importance of Cultural Issues to Higher Education," by Gustavo A. Mellander and Fred Prochaska, reviews the diversity recommendations of the…

  1. DISTRIBUTED APPROACH to WEB PAGE CATEGORIZATION USING MAPREDUCE PROGRAMMING MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.Malarvizhi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The web is a large repository of information and to facilitate the search and retrieval of pages from it,categorization of web documents is essential. An effective means to handle the complexity of information retrieval from the internet is through automatic classification of web pages. Although lots of automatic classification algorithms and systems have been presented, most of the existing approaches are computationally challenging. In order to overcome this challenge, we have proposed a parallel algorithm, known as MapReduce programming model to automatically categorize the web pages. This approach incorporates three concepts. They are web crawler, MapReduce programming model and the proposed web page categorization approach. Initially, we have utilized web crawler to mine the World Wide Web and the crawled web pages are then directly given as input to the MapReduce programming model. Here the MapReduce programming model adapted to our proposed web page categorization approach finds the appropriate category of the web page according to its content. The experimental results show that our proposed parallel web page categorization approach achieves satisfactory results in finding the right category for any given web page.

  2. A Context-Adaptive Model for Program Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Brian K.

    1990-01-01

    Presents an adaptable, context-sensitive model for ESL/EFL program evaluation, consisting of seven steps that guide an evaluator through consideration of relevant issues, information, and design elements. Examples from an evaluation of the Reading for Science and Technology Project at the University of Guadalajara, Mexico are given. (31…

  3. Application of Logic Models in a Large Scientific Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Keefe, Christine M.; Head, Richard J.

    2011-01-01

    It is the purpose of this article to discuss the development and application of a logic model in the context of a large scientific research program within the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). CSIRO is Australia's national science agency and is a publicly funded part of Australia's innovation system. It conducts…

  4. The Arctic Climate Modeling Program: Professional Development for Rural Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertram, Kathryn Berry

    2010-01-01

    The Arctic Climate Modeling Program (ACMP) offered yearlong science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) professional development to teachers in rural Alaska. Teacher training focused on introducing youth to workforce technologies used in Arctic research. Due to challenges in making professional development accessible to rural teachers, ACMP…

  5. A Model for Using Triadic Supervision in Counselor Preparation Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Gerard; Hein, Serge F.; Getz, Hildy

    2009-01-01

    The Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (2001) has approved the use of triadic supervision as an alternative to individual supervision in clinical instruction. However, literature describing this mode of supervision is very limited. A model for triadic supervision is described, including presession planning,…

  6. Advanced parallel programming models research and development opportunities.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wen, Zhaofang.; Brightwell, Ronald Brian

    2004-07-01

    There is currently a large research and development effort within the high-performance computing community on advanced parallel programming models. This research can potentially have an impact on parallel applications, system software, and computing architectures in the next several years. Given Sandia's expertise and unique perspective in these areas, particularly on very large-scale systems, there are many areas in which Sandia can contribute to this effort. This technical report provides a survey of past and present parallel programming model research projects and provides a detailed description of the Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model. The PGAS model may offer several improvements over the traditional distributed memory message passing model, which is the dominant model currently being used at Sandia. This technical report discusses these potential benefits and outlines specific areas where Sandia's expertise could contribute to current research activities. In particular, we describe several projects in the areas of high-performance networking, operating systems and parallel runtime systems, compilers, application development, and performance evaluation.

  7. Solving linear integer programming problems by a novel neural model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalieri, S

    1999-02-01

    The paper deals with integer linear programming problems. As is well known, these are extremely complex problems, even when the number of integer variables is quite low. Literature provides examples of various methods to solve such problems, some of which are of a heuristic nature. This paper proposes an alternative strategy based on the Hopfield neural network. The advantage of the strategy essentially lies in the fact that hardware implementation of the neural model allows for the time required to obtain a solution so as not depend on the size of the problem to be solved. The paper presents a particular class of integer linear programming problems, including well-known problems such as the Travelling Salesman Problem and the Set Covering Problem. After a brief description of this class of problems, it is demonstrated that the original Hopfield model is incapable of supplying valid solutions. This is attributed to the presence of constant bias currents in the dynamic of the neural model. A demonstration of this is given and then a novel neural model is presented which continues to be based on the same architecture as the Hopfield model, but introduces modifications thanks to which the integer linear programming problems presented can be solved. Some numerical examples and concluding remarks highlight the solving capacity of the novel neural model.

  8. Aplikasi Integrasi Metode Fuzzy Servqual dan Quality Function Deployment (QFD) Dalam Upaya Peningkatan Kualitas Layanan Pendidikan (Studi Kasus: SMP Swasta Cinta Rakyat 3 Pematangsiantar)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Fuzzy Servqual methods and Quality Function Deployment (QFD) is often used to determine the level of customer satisfaction and to seek proposals improved services. This study will seek proposals to improving quality of education in SMP Swasta Cinta Rakyat 3 Pematangsiantar. The conclusion of this study is the educational services provided by the school is not able to satisfy its customers. Services considered not in accordance with the expectations of students seen from the gap is negative ...

  9. Supporting universal prevention programs: a two-phased coaching model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Kimberly D; Darney, Dana; Domitrovich, Celene; Keperling, Jennifer Pitchford; Ialongo, Nicholas S

    2013-06-01

    Schools are adopting evidence-based programs designed to enhance students' emotional and behavioral competencies at increasing rates (Hemmeter et al. in Early Child Res Q 26:96-109, 2011). At the same time, teachers express the need for increased support surrounding implementation of these evidence-based programs (Carter and Van Norman in Early Child Educ 38:279-288, 2010). Ongoing professional development in the form of coaching may enhance teacher skills and implementation (Noell et al. in School Psychol Rev 34:87-106, 2005; Stormont et al. 2012). There exists a need for a coaching model that can be applied to a variety of teacher skill levels and one that guides coach decision-making about how best to support teachers. This article provides a detailed account of a two-phased coaching model with empirical support developed and tested with coaches and teachers in urban schools (Becker et al. 2013). In the initial universal coaching phase, all teachers receive the same coaching elements regardless of their skill level. Then, in the tailored coaching phase, coaching varies according to the strengths and needs of each teacher. Specifically, more intensive coaching strategies are used only with teachers who need additional coaching supports, whereas other teachers receive just enough support to consolidate and maintain their strong implementation. Examples of how coaches used the two-phased coaching model when working with teachers who were implementing two universal prevention programs (i.e., the PATHS curriculum and PAX Good Behavior Game [PAX GBG]) provide illustrations of the application of this model. The potential reach of this coaching model extends to other school-based programs as well as other settings in which coaches partner with interventionists to implement evidence-based programs.

  10. Propeller aircraft interior noise model: User's manual for computer program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilby, E. G.; Pope, L. D.

    1985-01-01

    A computer program entitled PAIN (Propeller Aircraft Interior Noise) has been developed to permit calculation of the sound levels in the cabin of a propeller-driven airplane. The fuselage is modeled as a cylinder with a structurally integral floor, the cabin sidewall and floor being stiffened by ring frames, stringers and floor beams of arbitrary configurations. The cabin interior is covered with acoustic treatment and trim. The propeller noise consists of a series of tones at harmonics of the blade passage frequency. Input data required by the program include the mechanical and acoustical properties of the fuselage structure and sidewall trim. Also, the precise propeller noise signature must be defined on a grid that lies in the fuselage skin. The propeller data are generated with a propeller noise prediction program such as the NASA Langley ANOPP program. The program PAIN permits the calculation of the space-average interior sound levels for the first ten harmonics of a propeller rotating alongside the fuselage. User instructions for PAIN are given in the report. Development of the analytical model is presented in NASA CR 3813.

  11. Programming Models for Concurrency and Real-Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitek, Jan

    Modern real-time applications are increasingly large, complex and concurrent systems which must meet stringent performance and predictability requirements. Programming those systems require fundamental advances in programming languages and runtime systems. This talk presents our work on Flexotasks, a programming model for concurrent, real-time systems inspired by stream-processing and concurrent active objects. Some of the key innovations in Flexotasks are that it support both real-time garbage collection and region-based memory with an ownership type system for static safety. Communication between tasks is performed by channels with a linear type discipline to avoid copying messages, and by a non-blocking transactional memory facility. We have evaluated our model empirically within two distinct implementations, one based on Purdue’s Ovm research virtual machine framework and the other on Websphere, IBM’s production real-time virtual machine. We have written a number of small programs, as well as a 30 KLOC avionics collision detector application. We show that Flexotasks are capable of executing periodic threads at 10 KHz with a standard deviation of 1.2us and have performance competitive with hand coded C programs.

  12. Using Pictures in Improving the Speaking Ability of the Grade Eight-A Students of SMP Negeri 1 Anggana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puguh Karsono

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to know the speaking ability of the Grade Eight-A Students of SMP Negeri 1 Anggana in Academic Year 2012/2013 after using Pictures, and to know the student’s participation of the grade Eight-A students of SMP Negeri 1 Anggana in Academic Year 2012/ 2013 through pictures. This study employed CAR (Classroom Action Research design. The procedures of CAR, i,e. Planning, acting, observing and reflecting. The result showed that the use of pictures had succeeded, to some extent, to improve student’s speaking ability and students’ participation. The student’s speaking ability improve as it showed that the number of students which were classified as good and very good' improved from 6, 4% in preliminary study to 83, 9% in cycle I and became 100% in cycle 2. While those who classified as fair and poor reduced from 93, 6% in preliminary study to 16, 1% in cycle 1 and became 0% in cycle 2. As a result, the using of pictures could enhance the students' speaking ability. Mostly, the students could improved their fluency, content, pronunciation and grammar. The average score raised from 66 in preliminary study, 74 in cycle 1, and 80 in cycle 2. The students’ participation also improved from cycle to cycle. In cycle 1, during the teaching learning process, the class VIII-A had an improvement. It stated that from meeting 1 to 3, the students were actively involved. The result had changed in meeting 3 where 13 students were categorized as very active and 12 students were active enough in presenting the pictures and made progress every meeting. The rest 4 students were categorized as hesitant and 2 students were not active since they were still shy to explore their ideas. On the other hand, during 3 meetings started from meeting 4 to 6 in cycle 2, the class VIII-A also had more improvement than what they did in cycle 1. There were 22 students categorized as very active and 8 students were active enough. The result of the

  13. Profil Pengetahuan Konseptual Siswa SMP di Jenjang Proses Kognitif Menganalisis Pada Materi Segi Empat Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvita Wulansari

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan profil pengetahuan konseptual siswa SMP di jen-jang menganalisis pada materi segi empat berdasarkan perbedaan jenis kelamin. Subjek penelitian, 1 siswa laki-laki dan 1 siswa perempuan berkemampuan matematika sedang, ke-las VIII SMPN 3 Waru Sidoarjo tahun pelajaran 2013/2014. Instrumen penelitian terdiri dari soal tes dan pedoman wawancara. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara berbasis tugas. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif kualitatif melalui pereduksian data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan.Tidak terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan konseptual subjek laki-laki dan perempuan di jenjang menganalisis. Baik subjek laki-laki maupun perempuan kurang dapat mengidentifikasi sifat-sifat segi empat dengan tepat sehingga tidak dapat mengorganisasikan keterkaitan antarbangun berdasarkan sifat-sifatnya. Kata Kunci: pengetahuan konseptual,  menganalisis, jenis kelamin, segi empat.  AbstractThis study aims to describe conceptual knowledge profile of the Junior High School students’ in evaluating stage of quadrilateral material based on sex difference. The subjects of this study consist of two male and two female seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 3 Waru Sidoarjo academic year 2013/2014 that have average mathematics ability. The researcher employed test and interview guide as the instruments of the study. The instruments of this study are test sheet and interview guide.  Data collection is conducted through by task based interview. Data analysis is done conducted in qualitatively descriptive qualitative-descriptive by reducing the data, presenting the data, and drawing the conclusion reducing, presenting and concluding data. There is no a difference of conceptual knowledge between male and female subjects in analyzing stage. There is no conceptual knowledge difference between male and female subjects in analyzing stage. Both of them less can identify the characteristic of

  14. PENINGKATAN AKTIVITAS DAN HASIL BELAJAR MENGGUNAKAN METODE EKSPERIMEN PADA SISWA KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 1 PURBOLINGGO TAHUN PELAJARAN 2013/2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Kurniawati

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The purposeofthis studyis: to describethe use ofexperimental method sin enhancingthe activity oflearning physicsclass VII students of SMPN1Purbolinggoandto describethe use ofexperimentalmethodsin improvingstudentlearning outcomesphysicsclass VII SMP N 1 Purbolinggo.This study uses a Class Action Research and 4-cycle stages: planning, action, observation and reflection for further action. The study lasted 2 cycles each cycle consisting of 2 meetings. As the subjects in this study were VII.F grade students of SMP N 1 Purbolinggo of 40 people. Means of collecting data in the form of sheets of observations and tests. From the analysis and the results of this study concluded that the use of experimental methods in the learning process can improve the activity and student learning outcomes VII.F SMP N 1 Purbolinggo on the material and temperature measurements with an average of 11.56% increase in activity. Average learning outcomes increased by 55%. Thus it can be advisable for teachers to improve the activity and student learning outcomes using experimental methods.

  15. Homology of SMP domains to the TULIP superfamily of lipid-binding proteins provides a structural basis for lipid exchange between ER and mitochondria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopec, Klaus O; Alva, Vikram; Lupas, Andrei N

    2010-08-15

    Mitochondria must uptake some phospholipids from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) for the biogenesis of their membranes. They convert one of these lipids, phosphatidylserine, to phosphatidylethanolamine, which can be re-exported via the ER to all other cellular membranes. The mechanisms underlying these exchanges between ER and mitochondria are poorly understood. Recently, a complex termed ER-mitochondria encounter structure (ERMES) was shown to be necessary for phospholipid exchange in budding yeast. However, it is unclear whether this complex is merely an inter-organelle tether or also the transporter. ERMES consists of four proteins: Mdm10, Mdm34 (Mmm2), Mdm12 and Mmm1, three of which contain the uncharacterized SMP domain common to a number of eukaryotic membrane-associated proteins. Here, we show that the SMP domain belongs to the TULIP superfamily of lipid/hydrophobic ligand-binding domains comprising members of known structure. This relationship suggests that the SMP domains of the ERMES complex mediate lipid exchange between ER and mitochondria.

  16. Gstat: a program for geostatistical modelling, prediction and simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pebesma, Edzer J.; Wesseling, Cees G.

    1998-01-01

    Gstat is a computer program for variogram modelling, and geostatistical prediction and simulation. It provides a generic implementation of the multivariable linear model with trends modelled as a linear function of coordinate polynomials or of user-defined base functions, and independent or dependent, geostatistically modelled, residuals. Simulation in gstat comprises conditional or unconditional (multi-) Gaussian sequential simulation of point values or block averages, or (multi-) indicator sequential simulation. Besides many of the popular options found in other geostatistical software packages, gstat offers the unique combination of (i) an interactive user interface for modelling variograms and generalized covariances (residual variograms), that uses the device-independent plotting program gnuplot for graphical display, (ii) support for several ascii and binary data and map file formats for input and output, (iii) a concise, intuitive and flexible command language, (iv) user customization of program defaults, (v) no built-in limits, and (vi) free, portable ANSI-C source code. This paper describes the class of problems gstat can solve, and addresses aspects of efficiency and implementation, managing geostatistical projects, and relevant technical details.

  17. Hybrid programming model for implicit PDE simulations on multicore architectures

    KAUST Repository

    Kaushik, Dinesh K.

    2011-01-01

    The complexity of programming modern multicore processor based clusters is rapidly rising, with GPUs adding further demand for fine-grained parallelism. This paper analyzes the performance of the hybrid (MPI+OpenMP) programming model in the context of an implicit unstructured mesh CFD code. At the implementation level, the effects of cache locality, update management, work division, and synchronization frequency are studied. The hybrid model presents interesting algorithmic opportunities as well: the convergence of linear system solver is quicker than the pure MPI case since the parallel preconditioner stays stronger when hybrid model is used. This implies significant savings in the cost of communication and synchronization (explicit and implicit). Even though OpenMP based parallelism is easier to implement (with in a subdomain assigned to one MPI process for simplicity), getting good performance needs attention to data partitioning issues similar to those in the message-passing case. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

  18. PDDP: A data parallel programming model. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warren, K.H.

    1995-06-01

    PDDP, the Parallel Data Distribution Preprocessor, is a data parallel programming model for distributed memory parallel computers. PDDP impelments High Performance Fortran compatible data distribution directives and parallelism expressed by the use of Fortran 90 array syntax, the FORALL statement, and the (WRERE?) construct. Distribued data objects belong to a global name space; other data objects are treated as local and replicated on each processor. PDDP allows the user to program in a shared-memory style and generates codes that are portable to a variety of parallel machines. For interprocessor communication, PDDP uses the fastest communication primitives on each platform.

  19. Development of SPAWM: selection program for available watershed models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Yongdeok; Roesner, Larry A

    2014-01-01

    A selection program for available watershed models (also known as SPAWM) was developed. Thirty-three commonly used watershed models were analyzed in depth and classified in accordance to their attributes. These attributes consist of: (1) land use; (2) event or continuous; (3) time steps; (4) water quality; (5) distributed or lumped; (6) subsurface; (7) overland sediment; and (8) best management practices. Each of these attributes was further classified into sub-attributes. Based on user selected sub-attributes, the most appropriate watershed model is selected from the library of watershed models. SPAWM is implemented using Excel Visual Basic and is designed for use by novices as well as by experts on watershed modeling. It ensures that the necessary sub-attributes required by the user are captured and made available in the selected watershed model.

  20. SMART - a computer program for modelling stellar atmospheres

    CERN Document Server

    Aret, Anna; Poolamäe, Raivo; Sapar, Lili

    2013-01-01

    Program SMART (Spectra and Model Atmospheres by Radiative Transfer) has been composed for modelling atmospheres and spectra of hot stars (O, B and A spectral classes) and studying different physical processes in them (Sapar & Poolam\\"ae 2003, Sapar et al. 2007). Line-blanketed models are computed assuming plane-parallel, static and horizontally homogeneous atmosphere in radiative, hydrostatic and local thermodynamic equilibrium. Main advantages of SMART are its shortness, simplicity, user friendliness and flexibility for study of different physical processes. SMART successfully runs on PC both under Windows and Linux.

  1. Immune modelling and programming of a mobile robot demo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG Tao; CAI Zi-xing; HE Han-gen

    2006-01-01

    An artificial immune system was modelled with self/non-self selection to overcome abnormity in a mobile robot demo. The immune modelling includes the innate immune modelling and the adaptive immune modelling. The self/non-self selection includes detection and recognition, and the self/non-self detection is based on the normal model of the demo. After the detection, the non-self recognition is based on learning unknown non-self for the adaptive immunization. The learning was designed on the neural network or on the learning mechanism from examples. The last step is elimination of all the non-self and failover of the demo. The immunization of the mobile robot demo is programmed with Java to test effectiveness of the approach. Some worms infected the mobile robot demo, and caused the abnormity. The results of the immunization simulations show that the immune program can detect 100% worms,recognize all known Worms and most unknown worms, and eliminate the worms. Moreover, the damaged files of the mobile robot demo can all be repaired through the normal model and immunization. Therefore, the immune modelling of the mobile robot demo is effective and programmable in some anti-worms and abnormity detection applications.

  2. Petascale computation performance of lightweight multiscale cardiac models using hybrid programming models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Bernard J; Fitch, Blake G; Pitman, Michael C; Rice, John J; Reumann, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    Future multiscale and multiphysics models must use the power of high performance computing (HPC) systems to enable research into human disease, translational medical science, and treatment. Previously we showed that computationally efficient multiscale models will require the use of sophisticated hybrid programming models, mixing distributed message passing processes (e.g. the message passing interface (MPI)) with multithreading (e.g. OpenMP, POSIX pthreads). The objective of this work is to compare the performance of such hybrid programming models when applied to the simulation of a lightweight multiscale cardiac model. Our results show that the hybrid models do not perform favourably when compared to an implementation using only MPI which is in contrast to our results using complex physiological models. Thus, with regards to lightweight multiscale cardiac models, the user may not need to increase programming complexity by using a hybrid programming approach. However, considering that model complexity will increase as well as the HPC system size in both node count and number of cores per node, it is still foreseeable that we will achieve faster than real time multiscale cardiac simulations on these systems using hybrid programming models.

  3. Analytical methods for soluble microbial products (SMP) and extracellular polymers (ECP) in wastewater treatment systems: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunacheva, Chinagarn; Stuckey, David C

    2014-09-15

    Effluents from biological processes contain a wide range of complex organic compounds, including soluble microbial products (SMP) and extracellular polymers (ECP), released during bacteria metabolism in mixed culture in bioreactors. It is important to clearly identify the primary components of SMPs and ECPs in order to understand the fundamental mechanisms of biological activity that create these compounds, and how to reduce these compounds in the effluent. In addition, these compounds constitute the main foulants in membrane bioreactors which are being used more widely around the world. A review on the extraction of ECP, characterization, and identification of SMPs and ECPs is presented, and we summarize up-to-date pretreatments and analytical methods for SMPs. Most researchers have focused more on the overall properties of SMPs and ECPs such as their concentrations, molecular weight distribution, aromaticity, hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties, biodegradability, and toxicity characteristics. Many studies on the identification of effluent SMPs show that most of these compounds were not present in the influent, such as humic acids, polysaccharides, proteins, nucleic acids, organic acids, amino acids, exocellular enzymes, structural components of cells and products of energy metabolism. A few groups of researchers have been working on the identification of compounds in SMPs using advanced analytical techniques such as GC-MS, LC-IT-TOF-MS and MALDI-TOF-MS. However, there is still considerably more work needed to be done analytically to fully understand the chemical characteristics of SMPs and ECPs.

  4. Measurements of the Backstreaming Proton IONS in the Self-Magnetic Pinch (SMP) Diode Utilizing Copper Activation Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazarakis, Michael; Cuneo, Michael; Fournier, Sean; Johnston, Mark; Kiefer, Mark; Leckbee, Joshua; Simpson, Sean; Renk, Timothy; Webb, Timothy; Bennett, Nichelle

    2016-10-01

    The results presented here were obtained with an SMP diode mounted at the front high voltage end of the 8-10-MV RITS Self-Magnetically Insulated Transmission Line (MITL) voltage adder. Our experiments had two objectives: first, to measure the contribution of the back-streaming proton currents emitted from the anode target, and second, to evaluate the energy of those ions and hence the actual Anode-Cathode (A-K) gap voltage. The accelerating voltage quoted in the literature is estimated utilizing para-potential flow theories. Thus, it is interesting to have another independent measurement of the A-K voltage. We have measured the back-streaming protons emitted from the anode and propagating through a hollow cathode tip for various diode configurations and different techniques of target cleaning treatment, namely, heating at very high temperatures with DC and pulsed current, with RF plasma cleaning, and with both plasma cleaning and heating. We have also evaluated the A-K gap voltage by energy filtering techniques. Sandia is operated by Sandia Corporation, a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Company, for the US DOE NNSA under Contract No. DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  5. PENYULUHAN TENTANG PENCEGAHAN DAN PENULARAN HIV/AIDS PADA SISWA/I SMP KERTHA WISATA TEGALALANG GIANYAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A.S. Sawitri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Bali is known as the second highest province for HIV and AIDS prevalence in Indonesia. HIV reported that cases have been increased from 1,253 in 2007 to 3,778 in 2010, while 40% cases occurred among teenagers (20-29 years old. One factor probably contributing was lack of knowledge on HIV which might increase their risky behavior. Recent data showed that only 14.3% teenagers could answer properly about HIV Prevention and knew the common misperception of HIV spreading. Gianyar Regency which is the most visiting domestic and foreign tourists in Bali, accounted for 142 HIV cases and 20 deaths until October 2010. Health Promotion about Prevention of HIV and AIDS among students of SMP Kertha Wisata in Taro village Gianyar Regency, which is the field project of Udayana University, was held to improve the knowledge level of teenager on HIV and AIDS. The health promotion was given by teaching, discussion, games, and giving brochures and poster about prevention of HIV and AIDS. The evaluation done by comparing pretest and post-test result among audiences showed that the increasing level of knowledge from 64% to 87%. It proves that giving information about HIV and AIDS is one of the effective ways to improve the knowledge about HIV and AIDS.

  6. Original article Rehabilitation model program for seriously ill patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrienne Kegye

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background Patients receiving cancer treatment start lifestyle changes mostly at the end of the treatment during the rehabilitation period. Most often, the first step is a dietary change and physical exercises built into the daily routine. Patients who do this in groups led by qualified therapists and based on professional counseling can build more effective and more permanent changes into their life. To develop a complex rehabilitation program which, in the short term, aims to familiarize patients with a lifestyle which harmonizes the physical, mental, spiritual and social spheres of life and, in the long term, to build it into their everyday life in order to ameliorate the physical and mental state and reduce the psychological symptoms and the isolation of patients. The physical component focuses on diet and exercise. The psycho-social-spiritual support focuses on discovering inner sources of strength, developing active coping mechanisms and helping to achieve more open communication. Participants and procedure In February and March 2011, 8 patients treated for malignant tumors participated in the model program. The components of the model program were psychotherapy, physiotherapy, cancer consultation, nutrition counseling, creative activities and walking. Results During the period of the model program the isolation of the patients decreased and their social support and ability of coping with the illness ameliorated. They reported an ease in anxiety and depression in their everyday activities. According to feedback, their communication with each other, with the staff and with their relatives became more open. Altogether this had advantageous effects on the functioning of the ward and the mood of the staff. Conclusions The rehabilitation program confirmed that beside individual psycho-social support, beneficial and economic psycho-social support can be provided for the patients in group form along with the most effective assignment of the

  7. From Mice to Men: research models of developmental programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabadán-Diehl, C; Nathanielsz, P

    2013-02-01

    Developmental programming can be defined as a response to a specific challenge to the mammalian organism during a critical developmental time window that alters the trajectory of development with persistent effects on offspring phenotype and predisposition to future illness. We focus on the need for studies in relevant, well-characterized animal models in the context of recent research discoveries on the challenges, mechanisms and outcomes of developmental programming. We discuss commonalities and differences in general principles of developmental programming as they apply to several species, including humans. The consequences of these differences are discussed. Obesity, metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases are associated with the highest percentage of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although many of the causes are associated with lifestyle, high-energy diets and lack of physical activity, recent evidence has linked developmental programming to the epidemic of metabolic diseases. A better understanding of comparative systems physiology of mother, fetus and neonate using information provided by rapid advances in molecular biology has the potential to improve the lifetime health of future generations by providing better women's health, diagnostic tools and preventative and therapeutic interventions in individuals exposed during their development to programming influences.

  8. Characterization and modeling of fast programming bits in flash EEPROM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nkansah, F.; Hatalis, M.; Olasupo, K.

    2000-11-01

    The effects of flash EEPROM floating gate (FG) morphology on the generation and density of fast programming bits in a 2Mbit flash EEPROM array has been characterized. These fast programming bits exhibit identical subthreshold characteristics similar to that of a normal bit after UV erase, thus establishing that the initial charge stored on the FG of both fast and normal bit is the same. Experimental results clearly indicates that the fast programming phenomena result from an interaction of the programming process with the FG polysilicon microstructure. An in-depth experimentation previously reported, reveals that the FG poly deposition and doping processes are crucial for controlling the desired Fowler-Nordheim tunneling. A correlation is established between the fast bit density observed in the memory arrays, the FG polysilicon grain size and tunneling field enhancement factor μ( Rc). A compact model of the fast programming bit memory threshold voltage as a function of the effective FG polysilicon grain area factor Geff, and tunneling field enhancement factor μ( Rc) has been developed for the first time.

  9. The FITS model office ergonomics program: a model for best practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chim, Justine M Y

    2014-01-01

    An effective office ergonomics program can predict positive results in reducing musculoskeletal injury rates, enhancing productivity, and improving staff well-being and job satisfaction. Its objective is to provide a systematic solution to manage the potential risk of musculoskeletal disorders among computer users in an office setting. A FITS Model office ergonomics program is developed. The FITS Model Office Ergonomics Program has been developed which draws on the legislative requirements for promoting the health and safety of workers using computers for extended periods as well as previous research findings. The Model is developed according to the practical industrial knowledge in ergonomics, occupational health and safety management, and human resources management in Hong Kong and overseas. This paper proposes a comprehensive office ergonomics program, the FITS Model, which considers (1) Furniture Evaluation and Selection; (2) Individual Workstation Assessment; (3) Training and Education; (4) Stretching Exercises and Rest Break as elements of an effective program. An experienced ergonomics practitioner should be included in the program design and implementation. Through the FITS Model Office Ergonomics Program, the risk of musculoskeletal disorders among computer users can be eliminated or minimized, and workplace health and safety and employees' wellness enhanced.

  10. The Athletic Prevention Programming and Leadership Education (APPLE) Model: Developing Substance Abuse Prevention Programs

    OpenAIRE

    Grossman, Susan J.; Gieck, Joe; Fang, Wei Li; Freedman, Alan

    1993-01-01

    Alcohol and other drug (AOD) abuse affects every sector of society, and student-athletes are no exception. Because many factors affecting athletes do not affect other students, athletic departments commonly approach prevention through AOD education. Different educational approaches are described in this article, particularly the Athletic Prevention Programming and Leadership Education (APPLE) model. Project APPLE is designed to enable an athletic department to systematically analyze its AOD p...

  11. THE SEPARATION OF URANIUM ISOTOPES BY GASEOUS DIFFUSION: A LINEAR PROGRAMMING MODEL,

    Science.gov (United States)

    URANIUM, ISOTOPE SEPARATION), (*GASEOUS DIFFUSION SEPARATION, LINEAR PROGRAMMING ), (* LINEAR PROGRAMMING , GASEOUS DIFFUSION SEPARATION), MATHEMATICAL MODELS, GAS FLOW, NUCLEAR REACTORS, OPERATIONS RESEARCH

  12. Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Building Loads

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Dandan [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Hong, Tianzhen [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Yan, Da [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Wang, Chuang [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)

    2012-06-01

    This technical report presented the methodologies, processes, and results of comparing three Building Energy Modeling Programs (BEMPs) for load calculations: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E. This joint effort, between Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA and Tsinghua University, China, was part of research projects under the US-China Clean Energy Research Center on Building Energy Efficiency (CERC-BEE). Energy Foundation, an industrial partner of CERC-BEE, was the co-sponsor of this study work. It is widely known that large discrepancies in simulation results can exist between different BEMPs. The result is a lack of confidence in building simulation amongst many users and stakeholders. In the fields of building energy code development and energy labeling programs where building simulation plays a key role, there are also confusing and misleading claims that some BEMPs are better than others. In order to address these problems, it is essential to identify and understand differences between widely-used BEMPs, and the impact of these differences on load simulation results, by detailed comparisons of these BEMPs from source code to results. The primary goal of this work was to research methods and processes that would allow a thorough scientific comparison of the BEMPs. The secondary goal was to provide a list of strengths and weaknesses for each BEMP, based on in-depth understandings of their modeling capabilities, mathematical algorithms, advantages and limitations. This is to guide the use of BEMPs in the design and retrofit of buildings, especially to support China’s building energy standard development and energy labeling program. The research findings could also serve as a good reference to improve the modeling capabilities and applications of the three BEMPs. The methodologies, processes, and analyses employed in the comparison work could also be used to compare other programs. The load calculation method of each program was analyzed and compared to

  13. On the Feasibility of a Unified Modelling and Programming Paradigm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haxthausen, Anne Elisabeth; Peleska, Jan

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the feasibility of a unified modelling and programming paradigm is discussed from the perspective of large scale system development and verification in collaborative development environments. We motivate the necessity to utilise multiple formalisms for development and verification......, in particular for complex cyber-physical systems or systems of systems. Though modelling, programming, and verification will certainly become more closely integrated in the future, we do not expect a single formalism to become universally applicable and accepted by the development and verification communities....... It is illustrated by means of a case study from the railway domain, how this can be achieved, using concepts from the theory of institutions. This also enables the utilisation of verification tools in different formalisms, despite the fact that these tools are usually developed for one specific formal method....

  14. Summary of multi-core hardware and programming model investigations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelly, Suzanne Marie; Pedretti, Kevin Thomas Tauke; Levenhagen, Michael J.

    2008-05-01

    This report summarizes our investigations into multi-core processors and programming models for parallel scientific applications. The motivation for this study was to better understand the landscape of multi-core hardware, future trends, and the implications on system software for capability supercomputers. The results of this study are being used as input into the design of a new open-source light-weight kernel operating system being targeted at future capability supercomputers made up of multi-core processors. A goal of this effort is to create an agile system that is able to adapt to and efficiently support whatever multi-core hardware and programming models gain acceptance by the community.

  15. A Hybrid Program Projects Selection Model for Nonprofit TV Stations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuei-Lun Chang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study develops a hybrid multiple criteria decision making (MCDM model to select program projects for nonprofit TV stations on the basis of managers’ perceptions. By the concept of balanced scorecard (BSC and corporate social responsibility (CSR, we collect criteria for selecting the best program project. Fuzzy Delphi method, which can lead to better criteria selection, is used to modify criteria. Next, considering the interdependence among the selection criteria, analytic network process (ANP is then used to obtain the weights of them. To avoid calculation and additional pairwise comparisons of ANP, technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS is used to rank the alternatives. A case study is presented to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed model.

  16. Final Report: Center for Programming Models for Scalable Parallel Computing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mellor-Crummey, John [William Marsh Rice University

    2011-09-13

    As part of the Center for Programming Models for Scalable Parallel Computing, Rice University collaborated with project partners in the design, development and deployment of language, compiler, and runtime support for parallel programming models to support application development for the “leadership-class” computer systems at DOE national laboratories. Work over the course of this project has focused on the design, implementation, and evaluation of a second-generation version of Coarray Fortran. Research and development efforts of the project have focused on the CAF 2.0 language, compiler, runtime system, and supporting infrastructure. This has involved working with the teams that provide infrastructure for CAF that we rely on, implementing new language and runtime features, producing an open source compiler that enabled us to evaluate our ideas, and evaluating our design and implementation through the use of benchmarks. The report details the research, development, findings, and conclusions from this work.

  17. Using Runtime Analysis to Guide Model Checking of Java Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havelund, Klaus; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    This paper describes how two runtime analysis algorithms, an existing data race detection algorithm and a new deadlock detection algorithm, have been implemented to analyze Java programs. Runtime analysis is based on the idea of executing the program once. and observing the generated run to extract various kinds of information. This information can then be used to predict whether other different runs may violate some properties of interest, in addition of course to demonstrate whether the generated run itself violates such properties. These runtime analyses can be performed stand-alone to generate a set of warnings. It is furthermore demonstrated how these warnings can be used to guide a model checker, thereby reducing the search space. The described techniques have been implemented in the b e grown Java model checker called PathFinder.

  18. From Safety Critical Java Programs to Timed Process Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Bent; Luckow, Kasper Søe; Thomsen, Lone Leth

    2015-01-01

    built and the tools have been used to analyse a number of systems for properties such as worst case execution time, schedulability and energy optimization [12–14,19,34,36,38]. In this paper we will elaborate on the theoretical underpinning of the translation from Java programs to timed automata models...... frameworks, we have in recent years pursued an agenda of translating hard-real-time embedded safety critical programs written in the Safety Critical Java Profile [33] into networks of timed automata [4] and subjecting those to automated analysis using the UPPAAL model checker [10]. Several tools have been...... and briefly summarize some of the results based on this translation. Furthermore, we discuss future work, especially relations to the work in [16,24] as Java recently has adopted first class higher order functions in the form of lambda abstractions....

  19. Unifying Model-Based and Reactive Programming within a Model-Based Executive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Brian C.; Gupta, Vineet; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)

    1999-01-01

    Real-time, model-based, deduction has recently emerged as a vital component in AI's tool box for developing highly autonomous reactive systems. Yet one of the current hurdles towards developing model-based reactive systems is the number of methods simultaneously employed, and their corresponding melange of programming and modeling languages. This paper offers an important step towards unification. We introduce RMPL, a rich modeling language that combines probabilistic, constraint-based modeling with reactive programming constructs, while offering a simple semantics in terms of hidden state Markov processes. We introduce probabilistic, hierarchical constraint automata (PHCA), which allow Markov processes to be expressed in a compact representation that preserves the modularity of RMPL programs. Finally, a model-based executive, called Reactive Burton is described that exploits this compact encoding to perform efficIent simulation, belief state update and control sequence generation.

  20. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI GURU PADA SMP NEGERI 2 SIMEULUE TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Purwanti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master leadership has an important role in improving teacher’s competence. The purpose of this study is to know the program of the school headmaster in improving the teacher’s competence, the strategy and the policy of head master in improving the competence of teachers. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. The data were collected from interviews, observations, and documentations. The subject of the study were the school head master, vice of the school head master, senior teacher, chairman of MGMPs, and teachers. The results show that (1 the school head master program is structured as a reference to enhance the competence of teachers, which is implemented on the teachers empowerment. The empowerment of the teachers program is implemented through engaging the teachers as decision maker and training them to be responsible for the school development through formulating program by teachers and school staffs. (2 the the principal strategy to improve the competence of teachers conducted through some efforts such as training the teachers and skill for the teachers, giving motivation and guiding discipline education. (3the policy of the school head master in improving the teachers competence being carried out was by involving the teachers in arranging vision and mission, the school target, formulate the school curriculum. The school head master give the opportunity to the teachers to be actively participate, open minded, and cooperate in reaching the school vision.

  1. Optimizing Marine Corps Personnel Assignments Using an Integer Programming Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    would assist the Monitors in the assignment process. Though these studies contain very thorough analyses, they differ from the approach taken in this...thesis in that they do not look into using a low cost, yet very efficient, decision modeling approach of integer programming as a method of...2012 BAH Rates-with Dependents. Defense Travel Mangement Office. (2011, December). 2012 BAH Rates-without Dependents. M ileage C ost 1 Per D iem

  2. Modelling dynamic programming problems by generalized d-graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Kátai, Zoltán

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we introduce the concept of generalized d-graph (admitting cycles) as special dependency-graphs for modelling dynamic programming (DP) problems. We describe the d-graph versions of three famous single-source shortest algorithms (The algorithm based on the topological order of the vertices, Dijkstra algorithm and Bellman-Ford algorithm), which can be viewed as general DP strategies in the case of three different class of optimization problems. The new modelling method also makes possible to classify DP problems and the corresponding DP strategies in term of graph theory.

  3. Modeling dietary influences on offspring metabolic programming in Drosophila melanogaster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookheart, Rita T; Duncan, Jennifer G

    2016-09-01

    The influence of nutrition on offspring metabolism has become a hot topic in recent years owing to the growing prevalence of maternal and childhood obesity. Studies in mammals have identified several factors correlating with parental and early offspring dietary influences on progeny health; however, the molecular mechanisms that underlie these factors remain undiscovered. Mammalian metabolic tissues and pathways are heavily conserved in Drosophila melanogaster, making the fly an invaluable genetic model organism for studying metabolism. In this review, we discuss the metabolic similarities between mammals and Drosophila and present evidence supporting its use as an emerging model of metabolic programming.

  4. A fuzzy goal programming model for biodiesel production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lutero, D. S.; Pangue, EMU; Tubay, J. M.; Lubag, S. P.

    2016-02-01

    A fuzzy goal programming (FGP) model for biodiesel production in the Philippines was formulated with Coconut (Cocos nucifera) and Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) as sources of biodiesel. Objectives were maximization of feedstock production and overall revenue and, minimization of energy used in production and working capital for farming subject to biodiesel and non-biodiesel requirements, and availability of land, labor, water and machine time. All these objectives and constraints were assumed to be fuzzy. Model was tested for different sets of weights. Results for all sets of weights showed the same optimal allocation. Coconut alone can satisfy the biodiesel requirement of 2% per volume.

  5. Tecnomatix Plant Simulation modeling and programming by means of examples

    CERN Document Server

    Bangsow, Steffen

    2015-01-01

    This book systematically introduces the development of simulation models as well as the implementation and evaluation of simulation experiments with Tecnomatix Plant Simulation. It deals with all users of Plant Simulation, who have more complex tasks to handle. It also looks for an easy entry into the program. Particular attention has been paid to introduce the simulation flow language SimTalk and its use in various areas of the simulation. The author demonstrates with over 200 examples how to combine the blocks for simulation models and how to deal with SimTalk for complex control and analys

  6. Modelling parallel programs and multiprocessor architectures with AXE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Jerry C.; Fineman, Charles E.

    1991-01-01

    AXE, An Experimental Environment for Parallel Systems, was designed to model and simulate for parallel systems at the process level. It provides an integrated environment for specifying computation models, multiprocessor architectures, data collection, and performance visualization. AXE is being used at NASA-Ames for developing resource management strategies, parallel problem formulation, multiprocessor architectures, and operating system issues related to the High Performance Computing and Communications Program. AXE's simple, structured user-interface enables the user to model parallel programs and machines precisely and efficiently. Its quick turn-around time keeps the user interested and productive. AXE models multicomputers. The user may easily modify various architectural parameters including the number of sites, connection topologies, and overhead for operating system activities. Parallel computations in AXE are represented as collections of autonomous computing objects known as players. Their use and behavior is described. Performance data of the multiprocessor model can be observed on a color screen. These include CPU and message routing bottlenecks, and the dynamic status of the software.

  7. Aerosol measurement program strategy for global aerosol backscatter model development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowdle, David A.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose was to propose a balanced program of aerosol backscatter research leading to the development of a global model of aerosol backscatter. Such a model is needed for feasibility studies and systems simulation studies for NASA's prospective satellite-based Doppler lidar wind measurement system. Systems of this kind measure the Doppler shift in the backscatter return from small atmospheric aerosol wind tracers (of order 1 micrometer diameter). The accuracy of the derived local wind estimates and the degree of global wind coverage for such a system are limited by the local availability and by the global scale distribution of natural aerosol particles. The discussions here refer primarily to backscatter model requirements at CO2 wavelengths, which have been selected for most of the Doppler lidar systems studies to date. Model requirements for other potential wavelengths would be similar.

  8. Aerosol measurement program strategy for global aerosol backscatter model development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowdle, David A.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose was to propose a balanced program of aerosol backscatter research leading to the development of a global model of aerosol backscatter. Such a model is needed for feasibility studies and systems simulation studies for NASA's prospective satellite-based Doppler lidar wind measurement system. Systems of this kind measure the Doppler shift in the backscatter return from small atmospheric aerosol wind tracers (of order 1 micrometer diameter). The accuracy of the derived local wind estimates and the degree of global wind coverage for such a system are limited by the local availability and by the global scale distribution of natural aerosol particles. The discussions here refer primarily to backscatter model requirements at CO2 wavelengths, which have been selected for most of the Doppler lidar systems studies to date. Model requirements for other potential wavelengths would be similar.

  9. A Game-Theoretic Model for Distributed Programming by Contract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Anders Starcke; Hvitved, Tom; Filinski, Andrzej

    2009-01-01

    We present an extension of the programming-by-contract (PBC) paradigm to a concurrent and distributed environment.  Classical PBC is characterized by absolute conformance of code to its specification, assigning blame in case of failures, and a hierarchical, cooperative decomposition model – none...... of which extend naturally to a distributed environment with multiple administrative peers. We therefore propose a more nuanced contract model based on quantifiable performance of implementations; assuming responsibility for success; and a fundamentally adversarial model of system integration, where each...... component provider is optimizing its behavior locally, with respect to potentially conflicting demands.  This model gives rise to a game-theoretic formulation of contract-governed process interactions that supports compositional reasoning about contract conformance....

  10. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL BIMBINGAN KELOMPOK DENGAN TEKNIK MODELING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SELF-REGULATED LEARNING PADA SISWA SMP N 13 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inayatul Khafidhoh

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat merupakan salah satu unit di Universitas Respati Yogyakarta yang bertugas untuk mengelola kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dilakukan oleh dosen. Dalam proses pengolahan data kegiatan kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat masih mengalami beberapa permasalahan yaitu belum adanya basis data yang digunakan untuk pengumpulan data rekam jejak kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat oleh dosen dan sistem pengarsipan dokumen masih berbentuk kertas yang berdampak pada kerusakan dokumen, hilangnya dokumen, efisiensi ruang dan pencarian data. Penelitian yang dilakukan bertujuan menghasilkan luaran sistem informasi yang dapat melakukan proses pengolahan data penelitian dan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dikelola oleh Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat di Universitas Respati Yogyakarta. Pengolahan data mengacu pada komponen beban kerja dosen dibidang penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat. Metode pengembangan dilakukan dengan tahapan analisa sistem, perancangan sistem, coding dan implementasi sistem. Hasil pengembangan sistem informasi penelitian dan pengabdian masyarakat yaitu sebuah sistem yang dapat membantu Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat dalam proses pengolahan data rekam jejak kegiatan penelitian dan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dilakukan dosen.

  11. Model - Model Pembelajaran pada Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (PGMI STAIN Samarinda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syeh Hawib Hamzah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The model of learning is a vital thing in education. A good appropriate model of learning could reach the goal of learning efficently and effectively. The lecturers of education and teacher training program of STAIN Samarinda implement a various teaching and learning models when they perform their teaching, such as: model of contectual teaching, social interaction, informational proces, personal-based learning, behaviorism, cooperative learning, and problem-based learning.

  12. Program package for constructing analytical models of industrial robots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vukobratovich, M.; Kirchanskiy, N.

    Complex multidimensional nonlinear dynamic systems are controlled with the use of control computers differing in their complexity, from large ones at the level of the modeling of the dynamics of the system and synthesis of the control algorithm to microcomputers directly controlling the system. One of the main decisive problems in controlling an industrial robot is the generation of a dynamic on-line model. For this purpose, a separate microcomputer or several computers operating in the multiprocessor mode are used. The existing methods of robot dynamics simulation which are based on the equations of Newton-Euler, Lagrange and others require a large number of numerical operations and they cannot be realized in real time: the time spent on the construction of a model is several times greater than that acceptable for the computer. This is explained by the following factors: complexity of the mathematical model, the use of a high-level language for programming, the desire to construct an algorithm of a general kind, which leads to high redundancy of numerical operations; the use of recursion relations, which excludes the possibility of performing parallel operations during the realization in a computer. Special characteristics of the construction of a program system which is to a considerable degree free of the above drawbacks is considered below. Instead of directly constructing a model in the numerical form on the basis of one of the approaches of classical mechanics, the concept of constructing a model in symbols is proposed here. It is possible to show that in this way it is possible to obtain a compact mathematical model which requires fewer numerical operations (multiplication, addition) for its realization by two orders in comparison with the methods used earlier. 9 references, 2 tables.

  13. Evaluation of medical education virtual program: P3 model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RITA REZAEE

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In e-learning, people get involved in a process and create the content (product and make it available for virtual learners. The present study was carried out in order to evaluate the first virtual master program in medical education at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences according to P3 Model. Methods: This is an evaluation research study with post single group design used to determine how effective this program was. All students 60 who participated more than one year in this virtual program and 21 experts including teachers and directors participated in this evaluation project. Based on the P3 e-learning model, an evaluation tool with 5-point Likert rating scale was designed and applied to collect the descriptive data. Results: Students reported storyboard and course design as the most desirable element of learning environment (2.30±0.76, but they declared technical support as the less desirable part (1.17±1.23. Conclusion: Presence of such framework in this regard and using it within the format of appropriate tools for evaluation of e-learning in universities and higher education institutes, which present e-learning curricula in the country, may contribute to implementation of the present and future e-learning curricula efficiently and guarantee its implementation in an appropriate way.

  14. Evaluation of Medical Education virtual Program: P3 model

    Science.gov (United States)

    REZAEE, RITA; SHOKRPOUR, NASRIN; BOROUMAND, MARYAM

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: In e-learning, people get involved in a process and create the content (product) and make it available for virtual learners. The present study was carried out in order to evaluate the first virtual master program in medical education at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences according to P3 Model. Methods: This is an evaluation research study with post single group design used to determine how effective this program was. All students 60 who participated more than one year in this virtual program and 21 experts including teachers and directors participated in this evaluation project. Based on the P3 e-learning model, an evaluation tool with 5-point Likert rating scale was designed and applied to collect the descriptive data. Results: Students reported storyboard and course design as the most desirable element of learning environment (2.30±0.76), but they declared technical support as the less desirable part (1.17±1.23). Conclusion: Presence of such framework in this regard and using it within the format of appropriate tools for evaluation of e-learning in universities and higher education institutes, which present e-learning curricula in the country, may contribute to implementation of the present and future e-learning curricula efficiently and guarantee its implementation in an appropriate way. PMID:27795971

  15. A stochastic dynamic programming model for stream water quality management

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P P Mujumdar; Pavan Saxena

    2004-10-01

    This paper deals with development of a seasonal fraction-removal policy model for waste load allocation in streams addressing uncertainties due to randomness and fuzziness. A stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) model is developed to arrive at the steady-state seasonal fraction-removal policy. A fuzzy decision model (FDM) developed by us in an earlier study is used to compute the system performance measure required in the SDP model. The state of the system in a season is defined by streamflows at the headwaters during the season and the initial DO deficit at some pre-specified checkpoints. The random variation of streamflows is included in the SDP model through seasonal transitional probabilities. The decision vector consists of seasonal fraction-removal levels for the effluent dischargers. Uncertainty due to imprecision (fuzziness) associated with water quality goals is addressed using the concept of fuzzy decision. Responses of pollution control agencies to the resulting end-of-season DO deficit vector and that of dischargers to the fraction-removal levels are treated as fuzzy, and modelled with appropriate membership functions. Application of the model is illustrated with a case study of the Tungabhadra river in India.

  16. Recovery Act. Development of a Model Energy Conservation Training Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2012-07-05

    The overall objective of this project was to develop an updated model Energy Conservation training program for stationary engineers. This revision to the IUOE National Training Fund’s existing Energy Conservation training curriculum is designed to enable stationary engineers to incorporate essential energy management into routine building operation and maintenance tasks. The curriculum uses a blended learning approach that includes classroom, hands-on, computer simulation and web-based training in addition to a portfolio requirement for a workplace-based learning application. The Energy Conservation training program goal is development of a workforce that can maintain new and existing commercial buildings at optimum energy performance levels. The grant start date was July 6, 2010 and the project continued through September 30, 2012, including a three month non-funded extension.

  17. A model to design effective Production Improvement Programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Bautista

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to present a model to design effective Production Improvement Programs (PIP in order tocontribute in the solution of the problematic situations generally faced by the Mexican manufacturing micro, small and mediumsizedenterprises (M‐SME. In this proposal, we imply that facilitating their development is a natural way to improve theirperformance, especially in terms of productive efficiency. The study picked up empirical evidence from the ProcessesReengineering Workshop (PRW, one of the leading services of the National Committee of Productivity and TechnologicalInnovation (NCPTI which is considered a Mexican successful case. We show through a comparative analysis that it is possible tohave better programs when they follow a continuous improvement process involving the owner of the firm and workforceparticipation. Furthermore, we suggest a series of methods for planning, structuring and improvement according to theimitative, tacit and qualitative M‐SME specific competence.

  18. Fetal developmental programing: insights from human studies and experimental models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Gisele Aparecida Dionísio; Ribeiro, Vinícius Luís Bertotti; Barbisan, Luís Fernando; Marchesan Rodrigues, Maria Aparecida

    2017-03-01

    Environmental factors, particularly nutrition during pregnancy and early life can influence the risk of chronic diseases in later life. The underlying mechanism, termed "programing", postulates that an environmental stimulus during a critical window of time, early in life, has a permanent effect on subsequent structure and function of the organism. In this study we review the concept of fetal programing on chronic diseases and the proposed hypotheses for the association between early development and later disease, including epigenetic variation. We concentrate on specific aspects of maternal nutrition, particularly under-nutrition and over-nutrition, in humans and animal models. An adequate maternal nutrition during pregnancy is crucial for the health outcome of the offspring at adulthood.

  19. C++, objected-oriented programming, and astronomical data models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farris, A.

    1992-01-01

    Contemporary astronomy is characterized by increasingly complex instruments and observational techniques, higher data collection rates, and large data archives, placing severe stress on software analysis systems. The object-oriented paradigm represents a significant new approach to software design and implementation that holds great promise for dealing with this increased complexity. The basic concepts of this approach will be characterized in contrast to more traditional procedure-oriented approaches. The fundamental features of objected-oriented programming will be discussed from a C++ programming language perspective, using examples familiar to astronomers. This discussion will focus on objects, classes and their relevance to the data type system; the principle of information hiding; and the use of inheritance to implement generalization/specialization relationships. Drawing on the object-oriented approach, features of a new database model to support astronomical data analysis will be presented.

  20. The Evolution of Cartography Graduate Programs and the Development of New Graduate Programs in Cartography: An Assessment of Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinke, Theodore R.

    This paper traces the historical development of cartography graduate programs, establishes an evolutionary model, and evaluates the model to determine if it has some utility today for the development of programs capable of producing highly skilled cartographers. Cartography is defined to include traditional cartography, computer cartography,…

  1. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS PEMECAHAN MASALAH UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA SMP KELAS IX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Hidayanti

    2016-04-01

    Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran berupa RPP dan LKS berbasis pemecahan masalah yang valid, praktis, dan efektif. Model pengembangan yang digunakan dalam pengembangan ini adalah model pengembangan Plomp. Model pengembangan Plomp ini terdiri atas tiga tahapan, yaitu penelitian awal, tahap pembuatan prototip, dan tahap asesmen. Berdasarkan analisis data uji kevalidan, kepraktisan dan keefektifan, perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan memenuhi kriteria valid, praktis, dan efektif dengan skor kevalidan 3,86 yang berarti valid tanpa revisi, skor kepraktisan 3,32 yang berarti tingkat kepraktisannya tinggi, dan dapat meningkatkan rata-rata nilai tes kemampuan berpikir kritis sebesar 74%.

  2. Tank System Integrated Model: A Cryogenic Tank Performance Prediction Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolshinskiy, L. G.; Hedayat, A.; Hastings, L. J.; Sutherlin, S. G.; Schnell, A. R.; Moder, J. P.

    2017-01-01

    Accurate predictions of the thermodynamic state of the cryogenic propellants, pressurization rate, and performance of pressure control techniques in cryogenic tanks are required for development of cryogenic fluid long-duration storage technology and planning for future space exploration missions. This Technical Memorandum (TM) presents the analytical tool, Tank System Integrated Model (TankSIM), which can be used for modeling pressure control and predicting the behavior of cryogenic propellant for long-term storage for future space missions. Utilizing TankSIM, the following processes can be modeled: tank self-pressurization, boiloff, ullage venting, mixing, and condensation on the tank wall. This TM also includes comparisons of TankSIM program predictions with the test data andexamples of multiphase mission calculations.

  3. Probabilistic Constraint Programming for Parameters Optimisation of Generative Models

    CERN Document Server

    Zanin, Massimiliano; Sousa, Pedro A C; Cruz, Jorge

    2015-01-01

    Complex networks theory has commonly been used for modelling and understanding the interactions taking place between the elements composing complex systems. More recently, the use of generative models has gained momentum, as they allow identifying which forces and mechanisms are responsible for the appearance of given structural properties. In spite of this interest, several problems remain open, one of the most important being the design of robust mechanisms for finding the optimal parameters of a generative model, given a set of real networks. In this contribution, we address this problem by means of Probabilistic Constraint Programming. By using as an example the reconstruction of networks representing brain dynamics, we show how this approach is superior to other solutions, in that it allows a better characterisation of the parameters space, while requiring a significantly lower computational cost.

  4. Synchronizing production and air transportation scheduling using mathematical programming models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zandieh, M.; Molla-Alizadeh-Zavardehi, S.

    2009-08-01

    Traditional scheduling problems assume that there are always infinitely many resources for delivering finished jobs to their destinations, and no time is needed for their transportation, so that finished products can be transported to customers without delay. So, for coordination of these two different activities in the implementation of a supply chain solution, we studied the problem of synchronizing production and air transportation scheduling using mathematical programming models. The overall problem is decomposed into two sub-problems, which consists of air transportation allocation problem and a single machine scheduling problem which they are considered together. We have taken into consideration different constraints and assumptions in our modeling such as special flights, delivery tardiness and no delivery tardiness. For these purposes, a variety of models have been proposed to minimize supply chain total cost which encompass transportation, makespan, delivery earliness tardiness and departure time earliness tardiness costs.

  5. A Timing Evaluator for C Programs Generated by the Model System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    the C programming language in its automatic generation of C programs from the input MODEL language specification Theretore. though the MTE is primarily...program (the MODEL compiler), it is known beforehand that not all of the features of the C programming language will be used and the MTE has been

  6. Mathematical Modeling of Intestinal Iron Absorption Using Genetic Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colins, Andrea; Gerdtzen, Ziomara P.; Nuñez, Marco T.; Salgado, J. Cristian

    2017-01-01

    Iron is a trace metal, key for the development of living organisms. Its absorption process is complex and highly regulated at the transcriptional, translational and systemic levels. Recently, the internalization of the DMT1 transporter has been proposed as an additional regulatory mechanism at the intestinal level, associated to the mucosal block phenomenon. The short-term effect of iron exposure in apical uptake and initial absorption rates was studied in Caco-2 cells at different apical iron concentrations, using both an experimental approach and a mathematical modeling framework. This is the first report of short-term studies for this system. A non-linear behavior in the apical uptake dynamics was observed, which does not follow the classic saturation dynamics of traditional biochemical models. We propose a method for developing mathematical models for complex systems, based on a genetic programming algorithm. The algorithm is aimed at obtaining models with a high predictive capacity, and considers an additional parameter fitting stage and an additional Jackknife stage for estimating the generalization error. We developed a model for the iron uptake system with a higher predictive capacity than classic biochemical models. This was observed both with the apical uptake dataset used for generating the model and with an independent initial rates dataset used to test the predictive capacity of the model. The model obtained is a function of time and the initial apical iron concentration, with a linear component that captures the global tendency of the system, and a non-linear component that can be associated to the movement of DMT1 transporters. The model presented in this paper allows the detailed analysis, interpretation of experimental data, and identification of key relevant components for this complex biological process. This general method holds great potential for application to the elucidation of biological mechanisms and their key components in other complex

  7. PENERAPAN TEKNIK SKIMMING YANG DIBERIKAN DI AWAL PEMBELAJARAN FISIKA PADA SISWA SMP SUB POKOK BAHASAN MATA DAN CACAT MATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Aji, Sugianto

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Ilmu fisika merupakan salah satu ilmu pengetahuan yang erat kaitannya dengan kehidupan sehari-hari. Teknik skimmingmerupakan teknik membaca secara efisien untuk mendapatkan gambaran secara umum dari bahan ajar yang dibaca. Penelitianini bertujuan untuk (1 mengetahui pengaruhnya penerapan teknik skimming yang diberikan di awal pembelajaran fisika padasiswa SMP subpokok bahasan mata dan cacat mata; (2 mengetahui besarnya pengaruh penerapan teknik skimming di awalpembelajaran fisika; (3 serta mengetahui tanggapan siswa setelah pembelajaran. Penelitian bersifat eksperimen denganmenggunakan kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen. Berdasarkan hasil analisis uji t data hasil belajar dapat disimpulkanbahwa penerapan teknik skimming yang diberikan di awal pembelajaran berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar siswa SMPsubpokokbahasan mata dan cacat mata. Besarnya pengaruh penerapan teknik skimming yang diberikan di awal pembelajaran 1,49%. Hasilangket tanggapan siswa terhadap pembelajaran menunjukkan bahwa siswa lebih mudah memahami materi setelah melakukanpembelajaran. Physics is one of science having close relation to daily life. Skimming is an efficient reading technique to find general view of thereading material. This research aimed to know (1 influence and (2 the value of the influence of skimming technique given in thebeginning of physics lesson of eyes and eye deffect sub topic to learning achievement of the student and (3 students' commentafter the lesson. In this research control and experiment groups were used. Based on the analysis result of the t-test data of learningachievement, it was concluded that the application of skimming technique given in the beginning of physics lesson of eyes and eyedeffect sub topic gave effect to learning achievement of the student with the value of 1.49%. The result of comment questionaireshowed that the student understand the learning material easier after having the lesson.Keywords: eyes and eye deffect

  8. PEMBELAJARAN IPS DALAM REALITA DI ERA KTSP: STUDI EKSPLORASI PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN IPS PADA JENJANG SMP DI KABUPATEN PATI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Sutrisna

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Application of KTSP as a curriculum based on competency requires the implementation of strategies and methods that can deliver a number of learners achieving a particular competence. IPS as a subject who has a noble purpose, namely to prepare students to be good citizens, should be taught to students through appropriate strategies and methods by utilizing various media sources and learning. Most social studies teachers still promote the use of expository strategies in presenting lessons of Social Science education and the use of resources and learning media are minimal. Environment, as a laboratory of IPS is not utilized properly.The study shows that most teachers still tend to use expository teaching strategies, use of resources and learning media that are less varied, and integrated approaches to teaching social studies can not be realized by the teachers due to various constraints.   Keywords: learning, IPS, junior school, KTSP   Penerapan KTSP sebagai kurikulum berbasis kompetensi membutuhkan penerapan strategi dan metode yang dapat memberikan sejumlah peserta didik mencapai kompetensi tertentu. IPS sebagai subjek yang memiliki tujuan mulia, yaitu untuk mempersiapkan siswa untuk menjadi warga negara yang baik, harus diajarkan kepada siswa melalui strategi yang tepat dan metode dengan memanfaatkan berbagai sumber media dan pembelajaran. Kebanyakan guru IPS masih menggunakan strategi ekspositori dalam menyajikan meteri pelajaran IPS dengan menggunakan sumber daya dan media pembelajaran yang minimal. Lingkungan sekitar, sebagai laboratorium IPS tidak digunakan menunjukkan pembelajaran yang baik. Kebanyakan guru masih cenderung untuk menggunakan strategi pengajaran ekspositori, penggunaan sumber daya dan media pembelajaran yang kurang bervariasi, dan pendekatan terpadu untuk mengajar IPS, sehingga tidak dapat direalisasikan oleh para guru karena berbagai kendala.   Kata kunci: pembelajaran, IPS, SMP, KTSP  

  9. PENGARUH METODE PEMBELAJARAN DAN GAYA BELAJAR SISWA TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR IPS DI SMP NEGERI DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prihma Sinta Utami

    2015-03-01

    ______________________________________________________________ THE EFFECT OF LEARNING METHOD AND LEARNING STYLE ON THE ACHIEVEMENT IN IPS OF THE STUDENTS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN YOGYAKARTA Abstract This research aims to revealthe effect of: (1 teaching methods on IPS learning outcomes, (2 the influence of learning styles on IPS learning outcomes, (3 the methods and learning styles on IPS learning outcomes. This research was a quasi experiment using the 2x2 factorial design. This research was conducted at SMP Negeri 15 Yogyakarta. The sample was VII B, VII E, VII H, and VII J classes, which was established using the simple random sampling technique. The data collection used a test and questionnaire. The instrument validity was measured by using the product moment formula and its realiability was measured by using Cronbanch’s Alpha. The data normality was tested by using Kolmogorof-Smirnov and the homogeneity test was tested by using Levene Test. The hypothesis of this research was tested by using the two-way Anova technique at the significance level of 0,05. The result of this research shows that: (1 the achievement in IPS of the students taught using the Think Pair Share method is higher than that of those taught using the problem-based learning method; (2 the achievement of the students taught using the Think Pair Share method is higher than that of those taught using the problem-based learning method for group of visual learning style; (3 the achievement of the students taught using the Think Pair Share method is higher than that of those taught using the problem-based learning method for group of auditorial learning style; and (4 there is no interaction between teaching method and learning style in influencing students’ achievement in IPS subject matter. Keywords:methods, learning style, IPS subject outcomes

  10. Generalized fish life-cycle poplulation model and computer program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DeAngelis, D. L.; Van Winkle, W.; Christensen, S. W.; Blum, S. R.; Kirk, B. L.; Rust, B. W.; Ross, C.

    1978-03-01

    A generalized fish life-cycle population model and computer program have been prepared to evaluate the long-term effect of changes in mortality in age class 0. The general question concerns what happens to a fishery when density-independent sources of mortality are introduced that act on age class 0, particularly entrainment and impingement at power plants. This paper discusses the model formulation and computer program, including sample results. The population model consists of a system of difference equations involving age-dependent fecundity and survival. The fecundity for each age class is assumed to be a function of both the fraction of females sexually mature and the weight of females as they enter each age class. Natural mortality for age classes 1 and older is assumed to be independent of population size. Fishing mortality is assumed to vary with the number and weight of fish available to the fishery. Age class 0 is divided into six life stages. The probability of survival for age class 0 is estimated considering both density-independent mortality (natural and power plant) and density-dependent mortality for each life stage. Two types of density-dependent mortality are included. These are cannibalism of each life stage by older age classes and intra-life-stage competition.

  11. OpenMP Programming for a Global Inverse Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Wang

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of our investigation is to establish robust inverse algorithms to convert GRACE gravity and ICESat altimetry mission data into global current and past surface mass variations. To assess separation of global sources of change and to evaluate spatio-temporal resolution and accuracy statistically from full posterior covariance matrices, a high performance version of a global simultaneous grid inverse algorithm is essential. One means to accomplish this is to implement a general, well-optimized, parallel global model on massively parallel supercomputers. In our present work, an efficient parallel version of a global inverse program has been implemented on the Origin 2000 using the OpenMP programming model. In this paper, porting a sequential global code to a shared-memory computing system is discussed; several efficient strategies to optimize the code are reported; well-optimized scientific libraries are used; detailed parallel implementation of the global model is reported; performance data of the code are analyzed. Scaling performance on a shared-memory system is also discussed. The parallel version software gives good speedup and dramatically reduces total data processing time.

  12. Modelling Alcoholism as a Contagious Disease: A Mathematical Model with Awareness Programs and Time Delay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuang-Hong Ma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A dynamic alcohol consumption model with awareness programs and time delay is formulated and analyzed. The aim of this model is to capture the effects of awareness programs and time delay in controlling the alcohol problems. We introduce awareness programs by media in the model as a separate class with growth rate of the cumulative density of them being proportional to the number of mortalities induced by heavy drinking. Susceptible population will isolate themselves and avoid contact with the heavy drinkers or become aware of risk of heavy drinking and decline to drink due to such programs. In particular, we incorporate time delay because the nonconsumer population will take a period of time to become an alcohol consumer. We find that the model has two equilibria: one without alcohol problems and one where alcohol problems are endemic in population. The model analysis shows that though awareness programs cannot eradicate alcohol problems, they are effective measures in controlling the alcohol problems. Further, we conclude that the time delay in alcohol consumption habit which develops in susceptible population may result in Hopf bifurcation by increasing the value of time delay. Some numerical simulation results are also given to support our theoretical predictions.

  13. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR MENULIS CERPEN DENGAN KONVERSI TEKS UNTUK SISWA KELAS VII SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Novia Wahyuningtyas

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to produce writing short story teaching materials with the modeling conversion text. This research use a model of development Borg and Gall adaption. The result materials consist of five section. The materials tested to (1 Literary learning expert, (2 writing short stories expert, (3 writing short story teaching materials expert, (4 design graphic expert, (5 practitioners, and (6 student. Based on the test result obtained from the questionnare showed that teaching materials are decent and ready to be implemented. Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan bahan ajar menulis cerpen dengan konversi teks. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pengembangan yang diadaptasi dari model pengembangan Borg dan Gall. Bahan ajar yang dihasilkan terdiri atas lima bagian. Bahan ajar tersebut diujicobakan kepada  (1 ahli pembelajaran sastra, (2 ahli menulis cerpen, (3 ahli bahan ajar menulis cerpen, (4 ahli desain grafis, (5 praktisi, dan (6 siswa. Berdasarkan hasil uji coba yang diperoleh dari angket menunjukkan bahwa bahan ajar layak dan siap diimplementasikan.

  14. Boolean Variables in Economic Models Solved by Linear Programming

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    Lixandroiu D.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the use of logical variables in economic models solved by linear programming. Focus is given to the presentation of the way logical constraints are obtained and of the definition rules based on predicate logic. Emphasis is also put on the possibility to use logical variables in constructing a linear objective function on intervals. Such functions are encountered when costs or unitary receipts are different on disjunct intervals of production volumes achieved or sold. Other uses of Boolean variables are connected to constraint systems with conditions and the case of a variable which takes values from a finite set of integers.

  15. THE PROGRAMED CELL DEATH REGULATORS OF ISOLATED MODEL SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. V. Vatlitsov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The technology evolution creates the prerequisites for the emergence of new informational concept and approaches to the formation of a fundamentally new principles of biological objects understanding. The aim was to study the activators of the programmed cell death in an isolated system model. Cell culture aging parameters were performed on flow cytometer. It had formed the theory that the changes in the concentrations of metal ions and increase their extracellular concentration had formed a negative gradient into the cells.regulation of cell death. It was shown that the metals ions concentrations.

  16. Managing problem employees: a model program and practical guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Laurence

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a model program for managing problem employees that includes a description ofthe basic types of problem employees and employee problems, as well as practical recommendations for. (1) selection and screening, (2) education and training, (3) coaching and counseling, (4) discipline, (5) psychological fitness-for-duty evaluations, (6) mental health services, (7) termination, and (8) leadership and administrative strategies. Throughout, the emphasis on balancing the need for order and productivity in the workplace with fairness and concern for employee health and well-being.

  17. Faculty Development Program Models to Advance Teaching and Learning Within Health Science Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lancaster, Jason W.; Stein, Susan M.; MacLean, Linda Garrelts; Van Amburgh, Jenny

    2014-01-01

    Within health science programs there has been a call for more faculty development, particularly for teaching and learning. The primary objectives of this review were to describe the current landscape for faculty development programs for teaching and learning and make recommendations for the implementation of new faculty development programs. A thorough search of the pertinent health science databases was conducted, including the Education Resource Information Center (ERIC), MEDLINE, and EMBASE, and faculty development books and relevant information found were reviewed in order to provide recommendations for best practices. Faculty development for teaching and learning comes in a variety of forms, from individuals charged to initiate activities to committees and centers. Faculty development has been effective in improving faculty perceptions on the value of teaching, increasing motivation and enthusiasm for teaching, increasing knowledge and behaviors, and disseminating skills. Several models exist that can be implemented to support faculty teaching development. Institutions need to make informed decisions about which plan could be most successfully implemented in their college or school. PMID:24954939

  18. Faculty development program models to advance teaching and learning within health science programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lancaster, Jason W; Stein, Susan M; MacLean, Linda Garrelts; Van Amburgh, Jenny; Persky, Adam M

    2014-06-17

    Within health science programs there has been a call for more faculty development, particularly for teaching and learning. The primary objectives of this review were to describe the current landscape for faculty development programs for teaching and learning and make recommendations for the implementation of new faculty development programs. A thorough search of the pertinent health science databases was conducted, including the Education Resource Information Center (ERIC), MEDLINE, and EMBASE, and faculty development books and relevant information found were reviewed in order to provide recommendations for best practices. Faculty development for teaching and learning comes in a variety of forms, from individuals charged to initiate activities to committees and centers. Faculty development has been effective in improving faculty perceptions on the value of teaching, increasing motivation and enthusiasm for teaching, increasing knowledge and behaviors, and disseminating skills. Several models exist that can be implemented to support faculty teaching development. Institutions need to make informed decisions about which plan could be most successfully implemented in their college or school.

  19. Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units - A model partnership program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennerline, Donald E.; Childs, Dawn E.

    2017-04-20

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units (CRU) program is a unique model of cooperative partnership among the USGS, other U.S. Department of the Interior and Federal agencies, universities, State fish and wildlife agencies, and the Wildlife Management Institute. These partnerships are maintained as one of the USGS’s strongest links to Federal and State land and natural resource management agencies.Established in 1935 to meet the need for trained professionals in the growing field of wildlife management, the program currently consists of 40 Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units located on university campuses in 38 States and supports 119 research scientist positions when fully funded. The threefold mission of the CRU program is to (1) conduct scientific research for the management of fish, wildlife, and other natural resources; (2) provide technical assistance to natural resource managers in the application of scientific information to natural resource policy and management; and (3) train future natural resource professionals.

  20. The Compass Model to plan faculty development programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Mostafa Al-Eraky

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Faculty development is an imperative if institutions are to develop professional and competent teachers, educators, researchers and leaders. Planning of faculty development currently focuses on meeting the perceived needs of staff and their interests. We would like to propose the Compass Model as a conceptual framework to plan faculty development, which was inspired by the interplay between intrinsic and extrinsic forces for learning, as outlined in the Self-Determination Theory (SDT. In planning faculty development, the Compass Model acknowledges four agendas (directions from various stakeholders: Strategies (N, Competencies (E, Resources (S and Wish lists (W. The model then describes four avenues for faculty development offerings (quadrants: Foundation (NE, Innovation (SE, Response (SW and Motivation (NW (i.e. outputs, activities. The model was compared theoretically with another approach to faculty development planning. It was then piloted as a quality measure for a current program to check for omissions or missed opportunities. We plan to use it in a multi-center study to compare approaches in faculty development planning in different contexts. We hope our model assists faculty developers to consider all stakeholders’ agendas when planning faculty development, beyond the current standard customer-based approach.

  1. BWR Refill-Reflood Program, Task 4. 7 - model development: TRAC-BWR component models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheung, Y K; Parameswaran, V; Shaug, J C

    1983-09-01

    TRAC (Transient Reactor Analysis Code) is a computer code for best-estimate analysis for the thermal hydraulic conditions in a reactor system. The development and assessment of the BWR component models developed under the Refill/Reflood Program that are necessary to structure a BWR-version of TRAC are described in this report. These component models are the jet pump, steam separator, steam dryer, two-phase level tracking model, and upper-plenum mixing model. These models have been implemented into TRAC-B02. Also a single-channel option has been developed for individual fuel-channel analysis following a system-response calculation.

  2. Genetic Programming Modeling and Complexity Analysis of the Magnetoencephalogram of Epileptic Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgopoulos, Efstratios F.; Adamopoulos, Adam V.; Likothanassis, Spiridon D.

    In this work MagnetoEncephaloGram (MEG) recordings of epileptic patients are modeled using a genetic programming approach. This is the first time that genetic programming is used to model MEG signal. Numerous experiments were conducted giving highly successful results. It is demonstrated that genetic programming can produce very simple nonlinear models that fit with great accuracy the observed data of MEG.

  3. Integer programming model for optimizing bus timetable using genetic algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wihartiko, F. D.; Buono, A.; Silalahi, B. P.

    2017-01-01

    Bus timetable gave an information for passengers to ensure the availability of bus services. Timetable optimal condition happened when bus trips frequency could adapt and suit with passenger demand. In the peak time, the number of bus trips would be larger than the off-peak time. If the number of bus trips were more frequent than the optimal condition, it would make a high operating cost for bus operator. Conversely, if the number of trip was less than optimal condition, it would make a bad quality service for passengers. In this paper, the bus timetabling problem would be solved by integer programming model with modified genetic algorithm. Modification was placed in the chromosomes design, initial population recovery technique, chromosomes reconstruction and chromosomes extermination on specific generation. The result of this model gave the optimal solution with accuracy 99.1%.

  4. A Cooperation-planning Model Based on Bilevel Programming Decision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jianfeng; ZHOU Lei; BAO Zhenqiang; BIAN Wenyu; LI Xiangqing

    2006-01-01

    This paper is based on a resource constrained active network project; the constraint of the local resource and the time constraint of the cooperation resource are considered simultaneously. And the respective benefit of the manager and cooperation partners is also considered simultaneously. And a cooperation-planning model based on bilevel multi-objective programming is designed, according to the due time and total cost. And an extended CNP based on the permitted range for resource and time requests is presented. A larger task set in scheduling cycle is on the permitting for the request of cooperation resource and time while the task manager itself may be permitted biding for tasks. As a result, the optimization space for the cooperation planning is enlarged. So not every bidding task is successfully bid by invitee, and the task manager itself takes on some bidding tasks. Finally, the genetic algorithm is given and the validity and feasibility of the model is proved by a case.

  5. Semantic network based component organization model for program mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌; 张尧学; 陈松乔

    2003-01-01

    Based on the definition of component ontology, an effective component classification mechanism and a facet named component relationship are proposed. Then an application domain oriented, hierarchical component organization model is established. At last a hierarchical component semantic network (HCSN) described by ontology interchange language(OIL) is presented and then its function is described. Using HCSN and cooperating with other components retrieving algorithms based on component description, other components information and their assembly or composite modes related to the key component can be found. Based on HCSN, component directory library is catalogued and a prototype system is constructed. The prototype system proves that component library organization based on this model gives guarantee to the reliability of component assembly during program mining.

  6. A stochastic model of translation with -1 programmed ribosomal frameshifting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Brenae L.; Visscher, Koen; Watkins, Joseph

    2014-02-01

    Many viruses produce multiple proteins from a single mRNA sequence by encoding overlapping genes. One mechanism to decode both genes, which reside in alternate reading frames, is -1 programmed ribosomal frameshifting. Although recognized for over 25 years, the molecular and physical mechanism of -1 frameshifting remains poorly understood. We have developed a mathematical model that treats mRNA translation and associated -1 frameshifting as a stochastic process in which the transition probabilities are based on the energetics of local molecular interactions. The model predicts both the location and efficiency of -1 frameshift events in HIV-1. Moreover, we compute -1 frameshift efficiencies upon mutations in the viral mRNA sequence and variations in relative tRNA abundances, predictions that are directly testable in experiment.

  7. Using a visual programming language to bridge the cognitive gap between a novice's mental model and program code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Bryan J.

    Current research suggests that many students do not know how to program very well at the conclusion of their introductory programming course. We believe that a reason novices have such difficulties learning programming is because engineering novices often learn through a lecture format where someone with programming knowledge lectures to novices, the novices attempt to absorb the content, and then reproduce it during exams. By primarily appealing to programming novices who prefer to understand visually, we research whether programming novices understand programming better if computer science concepts are presented using a visual programming language than if these programs are presented using a text-based programming language. This method builds upon previous research that suggests that most engineering students are visual learners, and we propose that using a flow-based visual programming language will address some of the most important and difficult topics to novices of programming. We use an existing flow-model tool, RAPTOR, to test this method, and share the program understanding results using this theory.

  8. Energy consumption model over parallel programs implemented on multicore architectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Isidro-Ramirez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In High Performance Computing, energy consump-tion is becoming an important aspect to consider. Due to the high costs that represent energy production in all countries it holds an important role and it seek to find ways to save energy. It is reflected in some efforts to reduce the energy requirements of hardware components and applications. Some options have been appearing in order to scale down energy use and, con-sequently, scale up energy efficiency. One of these strategies is the multithread programming paradigm, whose purpose is to produce parallel programs able to use the full amount of computing resources available in a microprocessor. That energy saving strategy focuses on efficient use of multicore processors that are found in various computing devices, like mobile devices. Actually, as a growing trend, multicore processors are found as part of various specific purpose computers since 2003, from High Performance Computing servers to mobile devices. However, it is not clear how multiprogramming affects energy efficiency. This paper presents an analysis of different types of multicore-based architectures used in computing, and then a valid model is presented. Based on Amdahl’s Law, a model that considers different scenarios of energy use in multicore architectures it is proposed. Some interesting results were found from experiments with the developed algorithm, that it was execute of a parallel and sequential way. A lower limit of energy consumption was found in a type of multicore architecture and this behavior was observed experimentally.

  9. Optimizing Crawler4j using MapReduce Programming Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddesh, G. M.; Suresh, Kavya; Madhuri, K. Y.; Nijagal, Madhushree; Rakshitha, B. R.; Srinivasa, K. G.

    2016-08-01

    World wide web is a decentralized system that consists of a repository of information on the basis of web pages. These web pages act as a source of information or data in the present analytics world. Web crawlers are used for extracting useful information from web pages for different purposes. Firstly, it is used in web search engines where the web pages are indexed to form a corpus of information and allows the users to query on the web pages. Secondly, it is used for web archiving where the web pages are stored for later analysis phases. Thirdly, it can be used for web mining where the web pages are monitored for copyright purposes. The amount of information processed by the web crawler needs to be improved by using the capabilities of modern parallel processing technologies. In order to solve the problem of parallelism and the throughput of crawling this work proposes to optimize the Crawler4j using the Hadoop MapReduce programming model by parallelizing the processing of large input data. Crawler4j is a web crawler that retrieves useful information about the pages that it visits. The crawler Crawler4j coupled with data and computational parallelism of Hadoop MapReduce programming model improves the throughput and accuracy of web crawling. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed solution achieves significant improvements with respect to performance and throughput. Hence the proposed approach intends to carve out a new methodology towards optimizing web crawling by achieving significant performance gain.

  10. Optimizing Crawler4j using MapReduce Programming Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddesh, G. M.; Suresh, Kavya; Madhuri, K. Y.; Nijagal, Madhushree; Rakshitha, B. R.; Srinivasa, K. G.

    2017-06-01

    World wide web is a decentralized system that consists of a repository of information on the basis of web pages. These web pages act as a source of information or data in the present analytics world. Web crawlers are used for extracting useful information from web pages for different purposes. Firstly, it is used in web search engines where the web pages are indexed to form a corpus of information and allows the users to query on the web pages. Secondly, it is used for web archiving where the web pages are stored for later analysis phases. Thirdly, it can be used for web mining where the web pages are monitored for copyright purposes. The amount of information processed by the web crawler needs to be improved by using the capabilities of modern parallel processing technologies. In order to solve the problem of parallelism and the throughput of crawling this work proposes to optimize the Crawler4j using the Hadoop MapReduce programming model by parallelizing the processing of large input data. Crawler4j is a web crawler that retrieves useful information about the pages that it visits. The crawler Crawler4j coupled with data and computational parallelism of Hadoop MapReduce programming model improves the throughput and accuracy of web crawling. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed solution achieves significant improvements with respect to performance and throughput. Hence the proposed approach intends to carve out a new methodology towards optimizing web crawling by achieving significant performance gain.

  11. Replacement model of city bus: A dynamic programming approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arifin, Dadang; Yusuf, Edhi

    2017-06-01

    This paper aims to develop a replacement model of city bus vehicles operated in Bandung City. This study is driven from real cases encountered by the Damri Company in the efforts to improve services to the public. The replacement model propounds two policy alternatives: First, to maintain or keep the vehicles, and second is to replace them with new ones taking into account operating costs, revenue, salvage value, and acquisition cost of a new vehicle. A deterministic dynamic programming approach is used to solve the model. The optimization process was heuristically executed using empirical data of Perum Damri. The output of the model is to determine the replacement schedule and the best policy if the vehicle has passed the economic life. Based on the results, the technical life of the bus is approximately 20 years old, while the economic life is an average of 9 (nine) years. It means that after the bus is operated for 9 (nine) years, managers should consider the policy of rejuvenation.

  12. EFEKTIVITAS METODE PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI DENGAN METODE PEMBELAJARAN KONVENSIONAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN IPS TERPADU POKOK BAHASAN PERMINTAAN, PENAWARAN DAN TERBENTUKNYA HARGA PASAR SISWA KELAS VIII SMP 2 BAE KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nailul Hana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Proses belajar mengajar di sekolah menentukan keberhasilan pembelajaran. Belajar mengajar merupakan dua konsep yang tidak bisa dipisahkan satu sama lain. Berdasarkan observasi awal guru pelajaran IPS masih menggunakan metode ceramah atau konvensional. Hasil belajar IPS Terpadu kelas VIII SMP 2 Bae Kudus menunjukan rendahnya pemahaman siswa terhadap konsep IPS dapat dilihat dari nilai rata-rata mata pelajaran IPS Terpadu kurang dari 75.Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian True ExperimentalDesign dengan menggunakan rancangan Control group pretest-posttest. Populasi dari penelitian ini adalah kelas VIII SMP 2 Bae Kudus.Sampelnya adalah kelas VIII F dan VIII G SMP 2 Bae Kudus Tahun Ajaran 2011/2012.Variabel bebas meliputi penerapan metode pembelajaran inkuiri dan metode pembelajaran konvensional.Dan variabel terikat meliputi peningkatan hasil belajar siswa kelas VIII SMP 2 Bae Kudus. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode dokumentasi dan metode tes.Hasil penelitian ketuntasan hasil belajar siswa secara klasikal telah dicapai dengan metode pembelajaran inkuiri yaitu sebesar 86%. Sedangkan dengan metode pembelajaran konvensional sebesar 63%. Gain kelas ekperimen yaitu 0.55 dan gain kelas kontrol sebesar 0.37. dapat disimpulkan bahwa kelas eksperimen dan kelas kontrol mengalami peningkatan hasil belajar dengan kriteria sedang. The process of teaching and learning in schools to determine successful learning. Teaching and learning are two concepts that can not be separated from one another. Based on preliminary observations are social studies teachers use the lecture method or conventional. Integrated learning outcomes IPS eighth grade SMP 2 Bae Kudus shows lack of understanding of the concept of IPS students can be seen from the average value of integrated social studies less than 75. Type of research is a True Experimental Design using design Control group pretest-posttest. The population of this study was a class VIII SMP 2 Bae Kudus. The sample

  13. Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Bangun Ruang di SMP dengan Pendekatan Creative Problem Solving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuli Sulistyowati

    2014-12-01

    Abstract The aim of this research was to produce the solid instructional package with Creative Problem Solving  approach which have good quality based on the validity, practicality, and effectiveness criteria. This study was a research and development using the developmental model adapted from Thiagarajan, Semmel, and Semmel included define, design, develop, and disseminate stages. This study produces instructional package consists of lesson plans, student worksheets, achievement tests, and mathematical reasoning tests. The results of the validation showed that the developed package is very valid based on lesson plans, student worksheets, and tests. The results of the tryout indicated that lesson plans and student worksheets are practical and effective. The practicality was in  very practical category based on teacher’s assessment and practical category based on the implementation of learning and student’s assessment. The effectiveness was in the effective category based on student’s learning mastery. In the classical mastery learning it reached 76.67% for achievement and 90% for mathematical reasoning.   Keywords: development, instructional package, Creative Problem Solving

  14. A Program Evaluation Model: Using Bloom's Taxonomy to Identify Outcome Indicators in Outcomes-Based Program Evaluations

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeil, Rita C.

    2011-01-01

    Outcomes-based program evaluation is a systematic approach to identifying outcome indicators and measuring results against those indicators. One dimension of program evaluation is assessing the level of learner acquisition to determine if learning objectives were achieved as intended. The purpose of the proposed model is to use Bloom's Taxonomy to…

  15. Modeling multi-clocked data-flow programs using the Generic Modeling Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Brunette, Christian; Talpin, Jean-Pierre; Besnard, Loïc; Gautier, Thierry

    2006-01-01

    International audience; This paper presents Signal-Meta, the metamodel designed for the synchronous data-flow language Signal. It relies on the Generic Modeling Environment (GME), a configurable object-oriented toolkit that supports the creation of domain-specific modeling and program synthesis environments. The graphical description constitutes the base to build multi-clock environments, and a good front-end for the Polychrony platform. To complete this frontend, we develop a tool that trans...

  16. PENGGUNAAN MEDIA AUDIO VISUAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR MATERI MERODA PADA SENAM LANTAI KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI 13 SEMARANG TAHUN 2013/2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Budi Prastyyo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the improvement of teaching physical education in schools through the use of audio-visual media aids the learning outcomes gymnastics floor meroda the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 13 Semarang. In this research, a classroom action research (CAR cycle , the study was conducted in two cycles of action . Methods of data collection using the methods of documentation , observation , and testing . Analysis of the data using descriptive method by way of student learning outcomes after the action . Based on the results obtained by the use of audio-visual media in the learning material meroda floor exercises can improve learning outcomes eighth grade at Junior High School 13 Semarang 2013/2014 . This is evidenced by the acquisition value of the learning outcomes of each cycle has increased . The average value of students in the first cycle the average test score of students reached 70.51 , reaching 84.72 in the second cycle . Classical completeness in the first cycle of 54.84 % and the second cycle was 90.32 % . From the research results obtained it can be concluded that the learning material meroda floor exercises with the use of audio-visual media can improve learning outcomes students of SMP Negeri 13 Semarang .

  17. AN ERROR ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE OF THE SECOND YEAR STUDENTS OF SMP N 1 SUSUKAN REGENCY OF SEMARANG IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2003/2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Safudin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to find out how far the errors of simple present tense produced bythe second year students of SMP N 1 Susukan. The research was conducted at State Junior High School (SMP N 1 Susukan, Regency of Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. The objects of this research were the eighth graders. This is quantitative research. The writer uses random sampling by lottery. There are about 75 students and the writer took 50% as the sample.The errors made by the students were divided into eight aspects. (1 Error in using auxiliary is 36.75%. (2 Error in using plural noun is 22.90%. (3 Error in using to be is (am, is, are, is 7.69%.(4 Error in adverb of manneris 4.27%. (5 Error in using verb in simple present tense is 4.78%. (6 Error in using possessive sentence 5.24%. (7 Error in using imperative sentence is 0.34%. (8 Error due to ignorant is 11.28%. Relating to those errors there should be the preventing efforts by the teachers such as providing lots of examples of English and Indonesian sentences so that the students have greater understanding about the difference of those languages.

  18. An integer programming model for assigning students to elective courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivo Beroš

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the problem of assigning students to elective courses according to their preferences. This process of assigning students to elective courses according to their preferences often places before academic institutions numerous obstacles, the most typical being a limited number of students who can be assigned to any particular class. Furthermore, due to financial or technical reasons, the maximum number of the elective courses is determined in advance, meaning that the institution decides which courses to conduct. Therefore, the expectation that all the students will be assigned to their first choice of courses is not realistic (perfect satisfaction. This paper presents an integer programming model that maximizes the total student satisfaction in line with a number of different constraints. The measure of student satisfaction is based on a student's order of preference according to the principle: the more a choice is met the higher the satisfaction. Following the basic model, several versions of the models are generated to cover possible real-life situations, while taking into consideration the manner student satisfaction is measured, as well as the preference of academic institution within set technical and financial constraints. The main contribution of the paper is introducing the concept of the minimal student satisfaction level that reduces the number of students dissatised with the courses to which they were assigned.

  19. NASA Space Radiation Program Integrative Risk Model Toolkit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Myung-Hee Y.; Hu, Shaowen; Plante, Ianik; Ponomarev, Artem L.; Sandridge, Chris

    2015-01-01

    NASA Space Radiation Program Element scientists have been actively involved in development of an integrative risk models toolkit that includes models for acute radiation risk and organ dose projection (ARRBOD), NASA space radiation cancer risk projection (NSCR), hemocyte dose estimation (HemoDose), GCR event-based risk model code (GERMcode), and relativistic ion tracks (RITRACKS), NASA radiation track image (NASARTI), and the On-Line Tool for the Assessment of Radiation in Space (OLTARIS). This session will introduce the components of the risk toolkit with opportunity for hands on demonstrations. The brief descriptions of each tools are: ARRBOD for Organ dose projection and acute radiation risk calculation from exposure to solar particle event; NSCR for Projection of cancer risk from exposure to space radiation; HemoDose for retrospective dose estimation by using multi-type blood cell counts; GERMcode for basic physical and biophysical properties for an ion beam, and biophysical and radiobiological properties for a beam transport to the target in the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory beam line; RITRACKS for simulation of heavy ion and delta-ray track structure, radiation chemistry, DNA structure and DNA damage at the molecular scale; NASARTI for modeling of the effects of space radiation on human cells and tissue by incorporating a physical model of tracks, cell nucleus, and DNA damage foci with image segmentation for the automated count; and OLTARIS, an integrated tool set utilizing HZETRN (High Charge and Energy Transport) intended to help scientists and engineers study the effects of space radiation on shielding materials, electronics, and biological systems.

  20. Optimizing Biorefinery Design and Operations via Linear Programming Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Talmadge, Michael; Batan, Liaw; Lamers, Patrick; Hartley, Damon; Biddy, Mary; Tao, Ling; Tan, Eric

    2017-03-28

    The ability to assess and optimize economics of biomass resource utilization for the production of fuels, chemicals and power is essential for the ultimate success of a bioenergy industry. The team of authors, consisting of members from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), has developed simple biorefinery linear programming (LP) models to enable the optimization of theoretical or existing biorefineries. The goal of this analysis is to demonstrate how such models can benefit the developing biorefining industry. It focuses on a theoretical multi-pathway, thermochemical biorefinery configuration and demonstrates how the biorefinery can use LP models for operations planning and optimization in comparable ways to the petroleum refining industry. Using LP modeling tools developed under U.S. Department of Energy's Bioenergy Technologies Office (DOE-BETO) funded efforts, the authors investigate optimization challenges for the theoretical biorefineries such as (1) optimal feedstock slate based on available biomass and prices, (2) breakeven price analysis for available feedstocks, (3) impact analysis for changes in feedstock costs and product prices, (4) optimal biorefinery operations during unit shutdowns / turnarounds, and (5) incentives for increased processing capacity. These biorefinery examples are comparable to crude oil purchasing and operational optimization studies that petroleum refiners perform routinely using LPs and other optimization models. It is important to note that the analyses presented in this article are strictly theoretical and they are not based on current energy market prices. The pricing structure assigned for this demonstrative analysis is consistent with $4 per gallon gasoline, which clearly assumes an economic environment that would favor the construction and operation of biorefineries. The analysis approach and examples provide valuable insights into the usefulness of analysis tools for

  1. Pedagogy and Processes for a Computer Programming Outreach Workshop--The Bridge to College Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tangney, Brendan; Oldham, Elizabeth; Conneely, Claire; Barrett, Stephen; Lawlor, John

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a model for computer programming outreach workshops aimed at second-level students (ages 15-16). Participants engage in a series of programming activities based on the Scratch visual programming language, and a very strong group-based pedagogy is followed. Participants are not required to have any prior programming experience.…

  2. Computer programs for forward and inverse modeling of acoustic and electromagnetic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellefsen, Karl J.

    2011-01-01

    A suite of computer programs was developed by U.S. Geological Survey personnel for forward and inverse modeling of acoustic and electromagnetic data. This report describes the computer resources that are needed to execute the programs, the installation of the programs, the program designs, some tests of their accuracy, and some suggested improvements.

  3. A Tool for Performance Modeling of Parallel Programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.A. González

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Current performance prediction analytical models try to characterize the performance behavior of actual machines through a small set of parameters. In practice, substantial deviations are observed. These differences are due to factors as memory hierarchies or network latency. A natural approach is to associate a different proportionality constant with each basic block, and analogously, to associate different latencies and bandwidths with each "communication block". Unfortunately, to use this approach implies that the evaluation of parameters must be done for each algorithm. This is a heavy task, implying experiment design, timing, statistics, pattern recognition and multi-parameter fitting algorithms. Software support is required. We present a compiler that takes as source a C program annotated with complexity formulas and produces as output an instrumented code. The trace files obtained from the execution of the resulting code are analyzed with an interactive interpreter, giving us, among other information, the values of those parameters.

  4. Overview of the NRL DPF program: Experiment and Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, A. S.; Jackson, S. L.; Angus, J. R.; Giuliani, J. L.; Swanekamp, S. B.; Schumer, J. W.; Mosher, D.

    2016-10-01

    Charged particle acceleration in imploding plasmas is an important phenomenon which occurs in various natural and laboratory plasmas. A new research project at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has been started to investigate this phenomenon both experimentally-in a dense plasma focus (DPF) device-and theoretically using analytical and computational modeling. The DPF will be driven by the high-inductance (607 nH) Hawk pulsed-power generator, with a rise time of 1.2 μs and a peak current of 665 kA. In this poster we present an overview of the research project, and some preliminary results from fluid simulations of the m = 0 instability in an idealized DPF pinch. This work was supported by the Naval Research Laboratory Base Program.

  5. COMPLEX PROGRAMS FOR MODELING HIGHWAY: WAY AND STREAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Skrypnikov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The complexity of the operation of the road caused by continuously varying from picket to picket road conditions caused by a variety of parameters projected (existing road , the variety of types of cars, their technical and economic parameters , a variety of climatic and weather conditions required to develop a complex simulation programs . This paper describes a set of programs that form the core of the subsystem "driver-vehicle-road environment". Optimization of the design solutions developed modules contribute WAY type and columns, not using indicators averaged transport - road performance, and detailed process model of functioning of the road. WAY module provides continuous sequence modeling perception of road elements mechanical subsystem "road-car " (by continuous formation and solution of the equations of motion and the characteristics of this mode. WAY module (with module PARK brings the technical contradiction between the 20-year term of road design and use of existing practices in their justification of design decisions technical parameters of cars today. The complexity of the operation of the road due to the random nature of traffic demanded inclusion in the computer -aided design of roads STREAM module. STREAM module allows to obtain simulation results of a random process, sufficient to optimize the design decisions in general and in the areas of local variation of the plan, longitudinal section, the way the situation, etc. Varie ty of road conditions possible to classify on the specifics of the formation of the flow regimes. This builds on the results of study of the process of movement of cars in the stream.

  6. Pengaruh Penggunaan Lembar Kerja Peserta Didik Berbasis Pendekatan Ilmiah Terhadap Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar IPA Biologi Kelas VII Peserta Didik SMP Negeri 2 Watampone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsa Marsa

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKParadigma pendidikan menuntut perubahan pembelajaran  yang berpusat pada guru menjadi pembelajaran yang berpusat  pada peserta didik. Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan Lembar Kerja Peserta Didik berbasis pendekatan ilmiah adalah pembelajaran yang berpusat pada peserta didik. Lembar Kerja Peserta Didik berbasis pendekatan ilmiah merupakan lembaran kerja peserta didik yang  berisikan  petunjuk  untuk melaksanakan kegiatan pembelajaran yang harus dilakukan oleh peserta didik dengan mengaplikasikan pendekatan ilmiah yang melalui tahapan-tahapan  mengamati, menanya, mengumpulkan data, mengasosiasi,  dan mengomunikasikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan  untuk (1 mengetahui  aktivitas belajar IPA Biologi  peserta didik kelas VII SMP Negeri  2 Watampone yang diajar dengan menggunakan LKPD berbasis pendekatan ilmiah, (2 mengetahui  hasil belajar  IPA Biologi   peserta didik kelas VII SMP  Negeri  2 Watampone yang diajar dengan menggunakan LKPD berbasis pendekatan ilmiah, dan (3 mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan LKPD berbasis pendekatan ilmiah terhadap hasil  belajar IPA Biologi peserta didik kelas VII SMP Negeri 2 Watampone. Penelitian ini merupakan peneltian  pre eksperimen dengan  desain one group pretest-posttest design. Subyek penelitian adalah peserta didik kelas VII semester genap tahun pelajaran 2015/2016, yaitu kelas VII A sebanyak 24 peserta didik sebagai kelas eksperimen tanpa  kelas kontrol. Teknik analisis data menggunakan statistik deskriptif . Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1  aktivitas belajar peserta didik   yang diajar dengan menggunakan LKPD berbasis pendekatan ilmiah berada pada kategori sangat aktif, (2 hasil belajar peserta didik setelah diajar dengan menggunakan LKPD berbasis pendekatan ilmiah mencapai nilai rata-rata 83,13 dengan standar deviasi 9,143, dan (3  Peningkatan kemampuan peserta didik  setelah diajar dengan pembelajaran menggunakan LKPD berbasis pendekatan ilmiah  berada pada klasifikasi

  7. Marketing for a Web-Based Master's Degree Program in Light of Marketing Mix Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Cheng-Chang

    2012-01-01

    The marketing mix model was applied with a focus on Web media to re-strategize a Web-based Master's program in a southern state university in U.S. The program's existing marketing strategy was examined using the four components of the model: product, price, place, and promotion, in hopes to repackage the program (product) to prospective students…

  8. Marketing for a Web-Based Master's Degree Program in Light of Marketing Mix Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Cheng-Chang

    2012-01-01

    The marketing mix model was applied with a focus on Web media to re-strategize a Web-based Master's program in a southern state university in U.S. The program's existing marketing strategy was examined using the four components of the model: product, price, place, and promotion, in hopes to repackage the program (product) to prospective students…

  9. The component model of infrastructure: a practical approach to understanding public health program infrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavinghouze, S René; Snyder, Kimberly; Rieker, Patricia P

    2014-08-01

    Functioning program infrastructure is necessary for achieving public health outcomes. It is what supports program capacity, implementation, and sustainability. The public health program infrastructure model presented in this article is grounded in data from a broader evaluation of 18 state tobacco control programs and previous work. The newly developed Component Model of Infrastructure (CMI) addresses the limitations of a previous model and contains 5 core components (multilevel leadership, managed resources, engaged data, responsive plans and planning, networked partnerships) and 3 supporting components (strategic understanding, operations, contextual influences). The CMI is a practical, implementation-focused model applicable across public health programs, enabling linkages to capacity, sustainability, and outcome measurement.

  10. Biomass viability: An experimental study and the development of an empirical mathematical model for submerged membrane bioreactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuthi, M F R; Ngo, H H; Guo, W S; Nghiem, L D; Hai, F I; Xia, S Q; Zhang, Z Q; Li, J X

    2015-08-01

    This study investigates the influence of key biomass parameters on specific oxygen uptake rate (SOUR) in a sponge submerged membrane bioreactor (SSMBR) to develop mathematical models of biomass viability. Extra-cellular polymeric substances (EPS) were considered as a lumped parameter of bound EPS (bEPS) and soluble microbial products (SMP). Statistical analyses of experimental results indicate that the bEPS, SMP, mixed liquor suspended solids and volatile suspended solids (MLSS and MLVSS) have functional relationships with SOUR and their relative influence on SOUR was in the order of EPS>bEPS>SMP>MLVSS/MLSS. Based on correlations among biomass parameters and SOUR, two independent empirical models of biomass viability were developed. The models were validated using results of the SSMBR. However, further validation of the models for different operating conditions is suggested.

  11. The Father Friendly Initiative within Families: Using a logic model to develop program theory for a father support program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gervais, Christine; de Montigny, Francine; Lacharité, Carl; Dubeau, Diane

    2015-10-01

    The transition to fatherhood, with its numerous challenges, has been well documented. Likewise, fathers' relationships with health and social services have also begun to be explored. Yet despite the problems fathers experience in interactions with healthcare services, few programs have been developed for them. To explain this, some authors point to the difficulty practitioners encounter in developing and structuring the theory of programs they are trying to create to promote and support father involvement (Savaya, R., & Waysman, M. (2005). Administration in Social Work, 29(2), 85), even when such theory is key to a program's effectiveness (Chen, H.-T. (2005). Practical program evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications). The objective of the present paper is to present a tool, the logic model, to bridge this gap and to equip practitioners for structuring program theory. This paper addresses two questions: (1) What would be a useful instrument for structuring the development of program theory in interventions for fathers? (2) How would the concepts of a father involvement program best be organized? The case of the Father Friendly Initiative within Families (FFIF) program is used to present and illustrate six simple steps for developing a logic model that are based on program theory and demonstrate its relevance.

  12. Preliminary results on molecular modeling of asphaltenes using structure elucidation programs in conjunction with molecular simulation programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kowalewski, I.; Vandenbroucke, M.; Huc, A.Y.; Taylor, M.J.; Faulon, J.L. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France). Division Geologie-Geochimie

    1996-01-01

    Molecular modeling using structure elucidation programs in conjunction with molecular simulation programs has been performed on asphaltene molecules, the heaviest fraction of crude oil, in order to obtain a chemical model allowing the tentative study of their physicochemical properties. Boscan asphaltenes (Venezuela) derived from a marine source rock have been analysed. The different steps of this molecular modeling are described. First, a 3-D chemical representation of Boscan asphaltene is defined from an analytical data set. Second, the results of molecular dynamic simulations indicate that only a few stable conformations are possible due to the high reticulation of the model of the asphaltene unit obtained. 42 refs., 6 figs., 9 tabs.

  13. Development of a program logic model and evaluation plan for a participatory ergonomics intervention in construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaegers, Lisa; Dale, Ann Marie; Weaver, Nancy; Buchholz, Bryan; Welch, Laura; Evanoff, Bradley

    2014-03-01

    Intervention studies in participatory ergonomics (PE) are often difficult to interpret due to limited descriptions of program planning and evaluation. In an ongoing PE program with floor layers, we developed a logic model to describe our program plan, and process and summative evaluations designed to describe the efficacy of the program. The logic model was a useful tool for describing the program elements and subsequent modifications. The process evaluation measured how well the program was delivered as intended, and revealed the need for program modifications. The summative evaluation provided early measures of the efficacy of the program as delivered. Inadequate information on program delivery may lead to erroneous conclusions about intervention efficacy due to Type III error. A logic model guided the delivery and evaluation of our intervention and provides useful information to aid interpretation of results. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Development of a Logic Model to Guide Evaluations of the ASCA National Model for School Counseling Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Ian; Carey, John

    2014-01-01

    A logic model was developed based on an analysis of the 2012 American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in order to provide direction for program evaluation initiatives. The logic model identified three outcomes (increased student achievement/gap reduction, increased school counseling program resources, and systemic change and…

  15. Visual Environment for Rich Data Interpretation (VERDI) program for environmental modeling systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    VERDI is a flexible, modular, Java-based program used for visualizing multivariate gridded meteorology, emissions and air quality modeling data created by environmental modeling systems such as the CMAQ model and WRF.

  16. Concurrent Constraint Programming: A Language and Its Execution Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖乐健; 曹元大

    2003-01-01

    To overcome inefficiency in traditional logic programming, a declarative programming language COPS is designed based on the notion of concurrent constraint programming (CCP). The improvement is achieved by the adoption of constraint-based heuristic strategy and the introduction of deterministic components in the framework of CCP. Syntax specification and an operational semantic description are presented.

  17. PEMBELAJARAN KETERAMPILAN BERBICARA MODEL KOOPERATIF TEKNIK MENCARI PASANGAN DAN TEKNIK KANCING GEMERINCING PADA SISWA INTROVER DAN EKSTROVER DI SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Sunarsih

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat merupakan salah satu unit di Universitas Respati Yogyakarta yang bertugas untuk mengelola kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dilakukan oleh dosen. Dalam proses pengolahan data kegiatan kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat masih mengalami beberapa permasalahan yaitu belum adanya basis data yang digunakan untuk pengumpulan data rekam jejak kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat oleh dosen dan sistem pengarsipan dokumen masih berbentuk kertas yang berdampak pada kerusakan dokumen, hilangnya dokumen, efisiensi ruang dan pencarian data. Penelitian yang dilakukan bertujuan menghasilkan luaran sistem informasi yang dapat melakukan proses pengolahan data penelitian dan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dikelola oleh Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat di Universitas Respati Yogyakarta. Pengolahan data mengacu pada komponen beban kerja dosen dibidang penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat. Metode pengembangan dilakukan dengan tahapan analisa sistem, perancangan sistem, coding dan implementasi sistem. Hasil pengembangan sistem informasi penelitian dan pengabdian masyarakat yaitu sebuah sistem yang dapat membantu Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat dalam proses pengolahan data rekam jejak kegiatan penelitian dan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dilakukan dosen.

  18. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL BIMBINGAN KELOMPOK BERBASIS COOPERATIVE LEARNING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KECERDASAN SOSIAL PESERTA DIDIK SMP DI KOTA SALATIGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.M. Puji Nitis Kusumawati

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat merupakan salah satu unit di Universitas Respati Yogyakarta yang bertugas untuk mengelola kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dilakukan oleh dosen. Dalam proses pengolahan data kegiatan kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat masih mengalami beberapa permasalahan yaitu belum adanya basis data yang digunakan untuk pengumpulan data rekam jejak kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat oleh dosen dan sistem pengarsipan dokumen masih berbentuk kertas yang berdampak pada kerusakan dokumen, hilangnya dokumen, efisiensi ruang dan pencarian data. Penelitian yang dilakukan bertujuan menghasilkan luaran sistem informasi yang dapat melakukan proses pengolahan data penelitian dan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dikelola oleh Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat di Universitas Respati Yogyakarta. Pengolahan data mengacu pada komponen beban kerja dosen dibidang penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat. Metode pengembangan dilakukan dengan tahapan analisa sistem, perancangan sistem, coding dan implementasi sistem. Hasil pengembangan sistem informasi penelitian dan pengabdian masyarakat yaitu sebuah sistem yang dapat membantu Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat dalam proses pengolahan data rekam jejak kegiatan penelitian dan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dilakukan dosen.

  19. The Development of Geometri Teaching Materials Based on Constructivism to Improve the Students' Mathematic Reasoning Ability through Cooperative Learing Jigsaw at the Class VIII of SMP Negeri 3 Padangsidimpuan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewi, Izwita; Harahap, Muhammad Syahri

    2016-01-01

    The purposes of this research were to know the validity, practicality, and effectivity of geometrical learning material based on the constructivism to Increase students' mathematic reasoning ability and increasing students' mathematic reasoning ability by using learning material at the grade VIII of SMP Negeri 3 Padangsidimpuan. Type of the…

  20. Support for Programming Models in Network-on-Chip-based Many-core Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Morten Sleth

    and scalability in an image processing application with the aim of providing insight into parallel programming issues. The second part proposes and presents the tile-based Clupea many-core architecture, which has the objective of providing configurable support for programming models to allow different programming......This thesis addresses aspects of support for programming models in Network-on- Chip-based many-core architectures. The main focus is to consider architectural support for a plethora of programming models in a single system. The thesis has three main parts. The first part considers parallelization...

  1. PENERAPAN METODE ROLE PLAYING PADA STANDAR KOMPETENSI MEMAHAMI KEGIATAN PELAKU EKONOMI DI MASYARAKAT MATA PELAJARAN IPS EKONOMI SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA SMP 4 KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Nukha Murtadlo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dalam penelitian tindakan kelas ini adalah:untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan pembelajaran dengan metode role playing pada standar kompetensi memahami kegiatan pelaku ekonomi di masyarakat mata pelajaran IPS ekonomi siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 4 Kudus dapat meningkatkan aktifitas dan hasil belajar siswa. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode role playing. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa diperoleh rata-rata hasil belajar siswa pada pre-test sebesar 44 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 0%. Siklus I pertemuan pertama sebesar 69 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 34%. Rata-rata hasil belajar siswa pada siklus I pertemuan kedua sebesar 79 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 66%. Kemudian memasuki siklus II pertemuan pertama rata-rata hasil belajar siswa meningkat menjadi 80 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 71%. Siklus II pertemuan kedua rata-rata hasil belajar siswa 82 dan ketuntasan klasikal 87%. Melalui penerapan metode role playing terjadi peningkatan hasil belajar siswa kelas VIII-H SMP 4 Kudus pada mata pelajaran IPS ekonomi standar kompetensi memahami kegiatan pelaku ekonomi di masyarakat. Saran yang berkaitan dengan hasil penelitian ini yaitu: guru hendaknya membimbing siswa dalam memerankan peran agar siswa dapat secara mantap dalam bermain peran dan siswa dapat memahami alur dan makna yang terkandung dalam materi yang disampaikan. � The purpose of this class action in this study were: to know the implementation of learning with role-playing methods in the standard of competence to understand the activities of economic actors in the economic social studies class VIII students of SMP Negeri 4 Ghost can increase the activity and student learning outcomes. Data collection using role playing. The results obtained show that the average student learning outcomes in the pre-test at 44 with a classical completeness 0%. I cycle 69 with the first meeting of the classical 34% completeness. Average student learning outcomes at the second meeting I cycle at 79 with a classical

  2. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGELOLA KELAS DAN GAYA MENGAJAR GURU TERHADAP KEAKTIFAN BELAJAR SISWA KELAS VII MATA PELAJARAN IPS TERPADU DI SMP NEGERI SE-KECAMATAN WEDUNG KABUPATEN DEMAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifanah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas, dan gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri se-Kecamatan Wedung. Dalam penelitian ini populasi yang digunakan adalah seluruh siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri se-Kecamatan Wedung yang berjumlah 296 siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel yang berjumlah 81 sampel. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan proportional random sampling. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah variabel bebas yaitu keterampilan mengelola kelas (XI, gaya mengajar guru (X2, dan keaktifan belajar siswa (Y sebagai variabel terikat. Metode pengumpulan data: dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis yaitu analisi deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian diperoleh persamaan regresi Y = 1,873+ 0,260 X1 + 0,670 X2. Secara deskriptif penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keterampilan mengelola kelas, dan gaya mengajar guru adalah baik. Pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 84,5%, gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 92,8%, pengarunya positif dan signifikan. Sedangkan pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas dan gaya mengajar guru secara bersama berpengaruh terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 89,7% dan sisanya sebesar 10,3% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diteliti. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of classroom management skills, and the teaching style of teachers to students of class VII activity of SMP Wedung throughout the District. In this study population used is the entire Junior High School seventh grade students throughout the District Wedung totaling 296 students. This study used a sample of 81 samples. Sampling technique using proportional random sampling. The variable in this study is the independent variable classroom management skills (XI, the teacher's teaching style (X2, and the activity of student learning (Y as the dependent variable. Methods of data collection: documentation and

  3. Modeling a phosphorus credit trading program in an agricultural watershed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrales, Juliana; Naja, G Melodie; Bhat, Mahadev G; Miralles-Wilhelm, Fernando

    2014-10-01

    Water quality and economic models were linked to assess the economic and environmental benefits of implementing a phosphorus credit trading program in an agricultural sub-basin of Lake Okeechobee watershed, Florida, United States. The water quality model determined the effects of rainfall, land use type, and agricultural management practices on the amount of total phosphorus (TP) discharged. TP loadings generated at the farm level, reaching the nearby streams, and attenuated to the sub-basin outlet from all sources within the sub-basin, were estimated at 106.4, 91, and 85 mtons yr(-)(1), respectively. Almost 95% of the TP loadings reaching the nearby streams were attributed to agriculture sources, and only 1.2% originated from urban areas, accounting for a combined TP load of 87.9 mtons yr(-)(1). In order to compare a Least-Cost Abatement approach to a Command-and-Control approach, the most cost effective cap of 30% TP reduction was selected, and the individual allocation was set at a TP load target of 1.6 kg ha(-1) yr(-1) (at the nearby stream level). The Least-Cost Abatement approach generated a potential cost savings of 27% ($1.3 million per year), based on an optimal credit price of $179. Dairies (major buyer), ornamentals, row crops, and sod farms were identified as potential credit buyers, whereas citrus, improved pastures (major seller), and urban areas were identified as potential credit sellers. Almost 81% of the TP credits available for trading were exchanged. The methodology presented here can be adapted to deal with different forms of trading sources, contaminants, or other technologies and management practices. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Logic Models for Program Design, Implementation, and Evaluation: Workshop Toolkit. REL 2015-057

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakman, Karen; Rodriguez, Sheila M.

    2015-01-01

    The Logic Model Workshop Toolkit is designed to help practitioners learn the purpose of logic models, the different elements of a logic model, and the appropriate steps for developing and using a logic model for program evaluation. Topics covered in the sessions include an overview of logic models, the elements of a logic model, an introduction to…

  5. Review of the ATLAS B0 model coil test program

    CERN Document Server

    Dolgetta, N; Acerbi, E; Berriaud, C; Boxman, H; Broggi, F; Cataneo, F; Daël, A; Delruelle, N; Dudarev, A; Foussat, A; Haug, F; ten Kate, H H J; Mayri, C; Paccalini, A; Pengo, R; Rivoltella, G; Sbrissa, E

    2004-01-01

    The ATLAS B0 model coil has been extensively tested, reproducing the operational conditions of the final ATLAS Barrel Toroid coils. Two test campaigns have taken place on B0, at the CERN facility where the individual BT coils are about to be tested. The first campaign aimed to test the cool-down, warm-up phases and to commission the coil up to its nominal current of 20.5 kA, reproducing Lorentz forces similar to the ones on the BT coil. The second campaign aimed to evaluate the margins above the nominal conditions. The B0 was tested up to 24 kA and specific tests were performed to assess: the coil temperature margin with respect to the design value, the performance of the double pancake internal joints, static and dynamic heat loads, behavior of the coil under quench conditions. The paper reviews the overall test program with emphasis on second campaign results not covered before. 10 Refs.

  6. The Capra Research Program for Modelling Extreme Mass Ratio Inspirals

    CERN Document Server

    Thornburg, Jonathan

    2011-01-01

    Suppose a small compact object (black hole or neutron star) of mass $m$ orbits a large black hole of mass $M \\gg m$. This system emits gravitational waves (GWs) that have a radiation-reaction effect on the particle's motion. EMRIs (extreme--mass-ratio inspirals) of this type will be important GW sources for LISA; LISA's data analysis will require highly accurate EMRI GW templates. In this article I outline the "Capra" research program to try to model EMRIs and calculate their GWs \\textit{ab initio}, assuming only that $m \\ll M$ and that the Einstein equations hold. Here we treat the EMRI spacetime as a perturbation of the large black hole's "background" (Schwarzschild or Kerr) spacetime and use the methods of black-hole perturbation theory, expanding in the small parameter $m/M$. The small body's motion can be described either as the result of a radiation-reaction "self-force" acting in the background spacetime or as geodesic motion in a perturbed spacetime. Several different lines of reasoning lead to the (s...

  7. Mathematical Model and Programming in VBA Excel for Package Calculation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Daniel Reis Lessa

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The industrial logistics is a fundamental pillar for the survival of companies in the actual increasingly competitive market. It is not exclusively about controlling the flow of external material between suppliers and the company, but for developing a detailed study of how to plan, control, handle and package those materials as well. Logistics activities must ensure the maximum efficiency in using corporate resources once they do not add value to the final product. The creation of a logistic plan, for each piece of the company’s production, has to adapt the demand parameters, seasonal or not, in the timeline. Thus, the definition of packaging (transportation and consumption must adjust in accordance with the demand, in order to allow the logistic planning to work, constantly, with order of economy batches. The packaging calculation for each part in every demand can become well complicated due to the large amount of parts in the production process. Automating the calculation process for choosing the right package for each piece is an effective method in logistics planning. This article will expose a simple and practical mathematical model for automating the packaging calculation and a logic program, created in Visual Basic language in the Excel software, used for creating graphic designs that show how the packages are being filled.

  8. The Development Study of a Medical Ethics Education Program by Using Simple ISD Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young Jon; Yoo, Hyoo Hyun; Joo, Chan Uhng

    2011-09-01

    Simple instructional systems design (ISD) model is based on a fast development, usability test, and continuos feedback, which are necessary for educational program development in medical school. This study aims to figure out the usability of Simple ISD model for a medical ethics education program by describing a developmental details of each phase and its evaluation results. Research has been conducted in two steps. First, while researchers participated in the program development by using Simple ISD model, we collected empirical data of each development activities. Second, the developed program was evaluated by students' web-based usability test, a 8-students' focus group interview and 5 faculty members' individual interviews in 4 domains; learning contents, instructional methods and strategies, achievement evaluation, and self-evaluation. Following the circular process of analysis, design, development, and usability test of Simple ISD model, a 10-week medical ethics program covering 9 instructional topics was developed. The average points of response on the developed medical ethics program in 2008 and 2009 are increased from 3.96 to 4.59 and 4.41, respectively. The prospects and limitations of the program are discussed. From a development study of the medical ethics program by using Simple ISD model, we could implement a more usable medical ethics program, and found 4 different usability of the Simple ISD model; the rapid development of educational program, program improvement by continuous feedback, faculty members' engagement in instructional design, and professional development of the faculty members.

  9. A Generalised Concept of Dominance in Linear Programming Models

    OpenAIRE

    Drynan, Ross G.

    1987-01-01

    The notion of dominance most familiar to agricultural economists is perhaps the decision theoretic concept entailed in comparing one risky prospect to others. But dominance concepts are also relevant in the linear programming context, for example in identifying redundant constraints. In this note, the standard concept of dominance in linear programming is generalized by defining dominance with respect to differing levels of information about the programming problem.

  10. Development of a program to fit data to a new logistic model for microbial growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujikawa, Hiroshi; Kano, Yoshihiro

    2009-06-01

    Recently we developed a mathematical model for microbial growth in food. The model successfully predicted microbial growth at various patterns of temperature. In this study, we developed a program to fit data to the model with a spread sheet program, Microsoft Excel. Users can instantly get curves fitted to the model by inputting growth data and choosing the slope portion of a curve. The program also could estimate growth parameters including the rate constant of growth and the lag period. This program would be a useful tool for analyzing growth data and further predicting microbial growth.

  11. Integration of the Hydrologic Simulation Program--FORTRAN (HSPF) Watershed Water Quality Model into the Watershed Modeling System (WMS)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Deliman, Patrick

    1999-01-01

    ...) into the Watershed Modeling System (WMS) was initiated as part of an overall goal of the Water Quality Research Program to provide water quality capabilities within the framework of a comprehensive graphical modeling environment...

  12. Selecting Simulation Models when Predicting Parallel Program Behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Broberg, Magnus; Lundberg, Lars; Grahn, Håkan

    2002-01-01

    The use of multiprocessors is an important way to increase the performance of a supercom-puting program. This means that the program has to be parallelized to make use of the multi-ple processors. The parallelization is unfortunately not an easy task. Development tools supporting parallel programs are important. Further, it is the customer that decides the number of processors in the target machine, and as a result the developer has to make sure that the pro-gram runs efficiently on any numbe...

  13. In vivo response to an implanted shape memory polyurethane foam in a porcine aneurysm model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Jennifer N; Clubb, Fred J; Wilson, Thomas S; Miller, Matthew W; Fossum, Theresa W; Hartman, Jonathan; Tuzun, Egemen; Singhal, Pooja; Maitland, Duncan J

    2014-05-01

    Cerebral aneurysms treated by traditional endovascular methods using platinum coils have a tendency to be unstable, either due to chronic inflammation, compaction of coils, or growth of the aneurysm. We propose to use alternate filling methods for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms using polyurethane-based shape memory polymer (SMP) foams. SMP polyurethane foams were surgically implanted in a porcine aneurysm model to determine biocompatibility, localized thrombogenicity, and their ability to serve as a stable filler material within an aneurysm. The degree of healing was evaluated via gross observation, histopathology, and low vacuum scanning electron microscopy imaging after 0, 30, and 90 days. Clotting was initiated within the SMP foam at time 0 (<1 h exposure to blood before euthanization), partial healing was observed at 30 days, and almost complete healing had occurred at 90 days in vivo, with minimal inflammatory response.

  14. Knowledge representation and rule-based solution system for dynamic programming model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡祥培; 王旭茵

    2003-01-01

    A knowledge representation has been proposed using the state-space theory of Artificial Intelligencefor Dynamic Programming Model, in which a model can be defined as a six-tuple M = (I,G,O,T,D,S). Abuilding block modeling method uses the modules of a six-tuple to form a rule-based solution model. Moreover,a rule-based system has been designed and set up to solve the Dynamic Programming Model. This knowledge-based representation can be easily used to express symbolical knowledge and dynamic characteristics for Dynam-ic Programming Model, and the inference based on the knowledge in the process of solving Dynamic Program-ming Model can also be conveniently realized in computer.

  15. Thermal models of buildings. Determination of temperatures, heating and cooling loads. Theories, models and computer programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaellblad, K.

    1998-05-01

    The need to estimate indoor temperatures, heating or cooling load and energy requirements for buildings arises in many stages of a buildings life cycle, e.g. at the early layout stage, during the design of a building and for energy retrofitting planning. Other purposes are to meet the authorities requirements given in building codes. All these situations require good calculation methods. The main purpose of this report is to present the authors work with problems related to thermal models and calculation methods for determination of temperatures and heating or cooling loads in buildings. Thus the major part of the report deals with treatment of solar radiation in glazing systems, shading of solar and sky radiation and the computer program JULOTTA used to simulate the thermal behavior of rooms and buildings. Other parts of thermal models of buildings are more briefly discussed and included in order to give an overview of existing problems and available solutions. A brief presentation of how thermal models can be built up is also given and it is a hope that the report can be useful as an introduction to this part of building physics as well as during development of calculation methods and computer programs. The report may also serve as a help for the users of energy related programs. Independent of which method or program a user choose to work with it is his or her own responsibility to understand the limits of the tool, else wrong conclusions may be drawn from the results 52 refs, 22 figs, 4 tabs

  16. Navajo-ABLE: Replication Model Navajo Assistive Technology Loan Program. Final Program Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Katie Jebb

    This final report discusses the activities and outcomes of the Navajo Assistive Bank of Loanable Equipment (Navajo-ABLE), a federally funded program designed to provide assistive technology (AT) devices, services, technical information, funding information, and training for Navajo children and youth with disabilities. The program was operated and…

  17. Expression of the Phage Lysin LySMP in Lactococcus lactis and Studies on its Antibiotic Bioactivities%猪链球菌噬菌体SMP裂解酶在乳酸乳球菌中的表达及活性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方圆子; 王琰; 孙建和

    2011-01-01

    Streptococcus suis phage (SMP) shows narrow spectrum in its host range, which limited its potential application in clinic. Previous studies indicated that the bacteriophage lysine synthesized by LySMP could effectively broaden its lytic spectrum. In this study, the LySMP gene was obtained from the PCR amplification using SMP gene as the template and then was inserted into an expression plasmid of pNZ8148. The recombinant plasmid pNZ8148-LySMP was established by the electro-transformation of the pNZ8148 into Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 and the expression of LySMP was induced by Nisin. The degraded bacterial turbidity test showed that 7 strains of Streptococcus suis-2 and Streptococcus suis-9 possessed high sensitivity to SMP lysine and the turbidity could be decreased by 30% ~ 77% in 30 min. It was concluded that SMP lysin has been successfully expressed in Lactococcus lactis using NICE expression system,providing the potential application of the LySMP in clinic.%猪链球菌(Streptococcus suis,SS)烈性噬菌体SMP的宿主谱窄,制约了其临床应用潜力.研究发现,由噬菌体编码的裂解酶(LySMP)可有效拓宽其裂解谱.本研究以SMP基因组DNA为模板,扩增获得SMP裂解酶基因,将其克隆至质粒pNZ8148中,电转化乳酸乳球菌NZ9000,获得重组乳酸乳球菌NZ9000(pNZ8148-LySMP),经Nisin诱导可表达LySMP.浊度递减实验结果显示,所表达的LySMP对7株猪链球菌2型菌株和猪链球菌9型菌株有较高的裂解活性,浊度下降可达30%~77%.表明利用NICE表达系统及pNZ8148表达载体在乳酸乳球菌中可实现猪链球菌噬菌体裂解酶的活性表达,为开展LySMP的应用研究提供了可能.

  18. Workforce Education Models for K-12 STEM Education Programs: Reflections on, and Implications for, the NSF ITEST Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reider, David; Knestis, Kirk; Malyn-Smith, Joyce

    2016-12-01

    This article proposes a STEM workforce education logic model, tailored to the particular context of the National Science Foundation's Innovative Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers (ITEST) program. This model aims to help program designers and researchers address challenges particular to designing, implementing, and studying education innovations in the ITEST program, considering ongoing needs and challenges in STEM workforce education in the USA. It is grounded in conceptual frameworks developed previously by teams of ITEST constituents, for their part intended to frame STEM career education, consider how people select and prepare for STEM careers, and reinforce the important distinction between STEM content and STEM career learnings. The authors take a first step in what they hope will be an ongoing discussion and research agenda by test-fitting assumptions of the model to exploratory case studies of recent NSF ITEST projects. Brief implications for future research and other considerations are provided.

  19. Workforce Education Models for K-12 STEM Education Programs: Reflections on, and Implications for, the NSF ITEST Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reider, David; Knestis, Kirk; Malyn-Smith, Joyce

    2016-07-01

    This article proposes a STEM workforce education logic model, tailored to the particular context of the National Science Foundation's Innovative Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers (ITEST) program. This model aims to help program designers and researchers address challenges particular to designing, implementing, and studying education innovations in the ITEST program, considering ongoing needs and challenges in STEM workforce education in the USA. It is grounded in conceptual frameworks developed previously by teams of ITEST constituents, for their part intended to frame STEM career education, consider how people select and prepare for STEM careers, and reinforce the important distinction between STEM content and STEM career learnings. The authors take a first step in what they hope will be an ongoing discussion and research agenda by test-fitting assumptions of the model to exploratory case studies of recent NSF ITEST projects. Brief implications for future research and other considerations are provided.

  20. Higher Education Program Curricula Models in Tourism and Hospitality Education: A Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scotland, Miriam

    2006-01-01

    The relevancy of program curricula in tourism and hospitality education has been called into question by key stakeholders in light of ongoing changes in the multifaceted tourism and hospitality industry. Various program models have been identified. Program content and quality of student preparedness have been debated. Balance and areas of emphasis…

  1. Adding Value through Program Integration: A Kayaking Model (Rental, Retail, Repair, Clinics and Outings).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poff, Raymond

    Outdoor programs can offset initial investment costs in services and products by developing integrated program areas. The experience of Outdoors Unlimited, a recently created kayaking program at Brigham Young University (Utah), is provided as a model. The purchase of 11 kayaks for rental was followed by the introduction of retail sales, repair…

  2. Building Psychosocial Programming in Geriatrics Fellowships: A Consortium Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adelman, Ronald D.; Ansell, Pamela; Breckman, Risa; Snow, Caitlin E.; Ehrlich, Amy R.; Greene, Michele G.; Greenberg, Debra F.; Raik, Barrie L.; Raymond, Joshua J.; Clabby, John F.; Fields, Suzanne D.; Breznay, Jennifer B.

    2011-01-01

    Geriatric psychosocial problems are prevalent and significantly affect the physical health and overall well-being of older adults. Geriatrics fellows require psychosocial education, and yet to date, geriatrics fellowship programs have not developed a comprehensive geriatric psychosocial curriculum. Fellowship programs in the New York tristate area…

  3. Program MAMLAC : a mathematical model for impacts against crash barriers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giavotto, V.

    1972-01-01

    The digital simulation system that has been developed for impact test against safety barriers has proved to be a valuable tool; it may reduce the cost of a program, or better increase largely the extent of a program without increasing the cost. In fact it may permit to reduce considerably the number

  4. Program MAMLAC : a mathematical model for impacts against crash barriers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giavotto, V.

    1972-01-01

    The digital simulation system that has been developed for impact test against safety barriers has proved to be a valuable tool; it may reduce the cost of a program, or better increase largely the extent of a program without increasing the cost. In fact it may permit to reduce considerably the number

  5. Marketing Study Abroad Programs: A Student Recruitment Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukosius, Vaidas; Festervand, Troy A.

    2013-01-01

    The number of American students studying abroad increases every year. That might suggest that recruiting students to participate in such an educational opportunity would present little difficulty. On the contrary, as domestic student participation in such programs has risen, so has the number of competing programs. Thus, the viability of any study…

  6. Supporting Universal Prevention Programs: A Two-Phased Coaching Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Kimberly D.; Darney, Dana; Domitrovich, Celene; Keperling, Jennifer Pitchford; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

    2013-01-01

    Schools are adopting evidence-based programs designed to enhance students' emotional and behavioral competencies at increasing rates (Hemmeter et al. in "Early Child Res Q" 26:96-109, 2011). At the same time, teachers express the need for increased support surrounding implementation of these evidence-based programs (Carter and Van Norman in "Early…

  7. Symbolic Game Semantics for Model Checking Program Families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dimovski, Aleksandar

    2016-01-01

    . In this paper, we propose an efficient game semantics based approach for verifying open program families, i.e. program families with free (undefined) identifiers. We use symbolic representation of algorithmic game semantics, where concrete values are replaced with symbolic ones. In this way, we can compactly...

  8. Identifying Inter-task Communication in Shared Memory Programming Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Per; Karlsson, Sven; Madsen, Jan

    2009-01-01

    Modern computers often use multi-core architectures, cov- ering clusters of homogeneous cores for high performance computing,to heterogeneous architectures typically found in embedded systems. To efficiently program such architectures, it is important to be able to par- tition and map programs on...

  9. Supporting Universal Prevention Programs: A Two-Phased Coaching Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Kimberly D.; Darney, Dana; Domitrovich, Celene; Keperling, Jennifer Pitchford; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

    2013-01-01

    Schools are adopting evidence-based programs designed to enhance students' emotional and behavioral competencies at increasing rates (Hemmeter et al. in "Early Child Res Q" 26:96-109, 2011). At the same time, teachers express the need for increased support surrounding implementation of these evidence-based programs (Carter and Van Norman in "Early…

  10. Curriculum innovation in an accelerated BSN program: the ACE Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suplee, Patricia D; Glasgow, Mary Ellen

    2008-01-01

    As the demand for registered nurses continues to rise, so too has the creation of accelerated baccalaureate nursing programs for second-degree students. This article describes an 11-month Accelerated Career Entry (ACE) Nursing Program's innovative curriculum design, which has a heavy emphasis on technology, professional socialization, and the use of a standardized patient experience as a form of summative evaluation. In addition, challenges of this program are presented. Since 2002, the ACE Program has graduated over 500 students with an average first-time NCLEX pass rate of 95-100%. Although the number of graduates from accelerated programs does not solve the severe nursing shortage, the contributions of these intelligent, assertive, pioneering graduates are important for health care.

  11. LDA-Based Unified Topic Modeling for Similar TV User Grouping and TV Program Recommendation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyo, Shinjee; Kim, Eunhui; Kim, Munchurl

    2015-08-01

    Social TV is a social media service via TV and social networks through which TV users exchange their experiences about TV programs that they are viewing. For social TV service, two technical aspects are envisioned: grouping of similar TV users to create social TV communities and recommending TV programs based on group and personal interests for personalizing TV. In this paper, we propose a unified topic model based on grouping of similar TV users and recommending TV programs as a social TV service. The proposed unified topic model employs two latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) models. One is a topic model of TV users, and the other is a topic model of the description words for viewed TV programs. The two LDA models are then integrated via a topic proportion parameter for TV programs, which enforces the grouping of similar TV users and associated description words for watched TV programs at the same time in a unified topic modeling framework. The unified model identifies the semantic relation between TV user groups and TV program description word groups so that more meaningful TV program recommendations can be made. The unified topic model also overcomes an item ramp-up problem such that new TV programs can be reliably recommended to TV users. Furthermore, from the topic model of TV users, TV users with similar tastes can be grouped as topics, which can then be recommended as social TV communities. To verify our proposed method of unified topic-modeling-based TV user grouping and TV program recommendation for social TV services, in our experiments, we used real TV viewing history data and electronic program guide data from a seven-month period collected by a TV poll agency. The experimental results show that the proposed unified topic model yields an average 81.4% precision for 50 topics in TV program recommendation and its performance is an average of 6.5% higher than that of the topic model of TV users only. For TV user prediction with new TV programs, the average

  12. Comparison of Semantics of Disjunctive Logic Programs Based on Model-Equivalent Reduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xi-Shun Zhao; Yu-Ping Shen

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, it is shown that stable model semantics, perfect model semantics, and partial stable model semantics of disjunctive logic programs have the same expressive power with respect to the polynomial-time model-equivalent reduction. That is, taking perfect model semantics and stable model semantic as an example, any logic program P can be transformed in polynomial time to another logic program p' such that perfect models (resp. stable models) of P 1-1 correspond to stable models (resp. perfect models) of P', and the correspondence can be computed also in polynomial time. However, the minimal model semantics has weaker expressiveness than other mentioned semantics, otherwise, the polynomial hierarchy would collapse to NP.

  13. 76 FR 33306 - Medicare Program; Pioneer Accountable Care Organization Model, Request for Applications; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... Care Organization Model: Request for Applications.'' FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Maria Alexander... http://innovations.cms.gov/areas-of-focus/seamless-and-coordinated-care-models/pioneer-aco... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Medicare Program; Pioneer Accountable...

  14. An OpenACC-Based Unified Programming Model for Multi-accelerator Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jungwon [ORNL; Lee, Seyong [ORNL; Vetter, Jeffrey S [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a novel SPMD programming model of OpenACC. Our model integrates the different granularities of parallelism from vector-level parallelism to node-level parallelism into a single, unified model based on OpenACC. It allows programmers to write programs for multiple accelerators using a uniform programming model whether they are in shared or distributed memory systems. We implement a prototype of our model and evaluate its performance with a GPU-based supercomputer using three benchmark applications.

  15. An OpenACC-Based Unified Programming Model for Multi-accelerator Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jungwon [ORNL; Lee, Seyong [ORNL; Vetter, Jeffrey S [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a novel SPMD programming model of OpenACC. Our model integrates the different granularities of parallelism from vector-level parallelism to node-level parallelism into a single, unified model based on OpenACC. It allows programmers to write programs for multiple accelerators using a uniform programming model whether they are in shared or distributed memory systems. We implement a prototype of our model and evaluate its performance with a GPU-based supercomputer using three benchmark applications.

  16. Effects of Using Model Robots in the Education of Programming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attila PÁSZTOR

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article we try to show how new devices and methods can help in the educationof programming. At Kecskemét College programmable mobile robots and instead of behavioral,the constructivist pedagogical methods were used. Our experiments have proved our hypothesisas the improved new methodical education using devices can give more practical programmingknowledge, increases the attitude towards programming and helps to have positive programmingself-image. The results of the experimental and control groups were compared at the beginning andat the end of semester, when the programming knowledge and motives were measured. During thelearning process only the experimental groups used devices and new methods.

  17. Developing Metrics in Systems Integration (ISS Program COTS Integration Model)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lueders, Kathryn

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews some of the complications in developing metrics for systems integration. Specifically it reviews a case study of how two programs within NASA try to develop and measure performance while meeting the encompassing organizational goals.

  18. Vouchers for Day Care of Children: Evaluating a Program Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Michael D.

    1989-01-01

    Examined effects of a pilot voucher program on the price, supply, and quality of day care. Findings offered no conclusive evidence concerning expected benefits. Discusses vouchers' potential for easing the day care crisis. (RJC)

  19. THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF AN EVALUATION MODEL FOR VOCATIONAL PILOT PROGRAMS. FINAL REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TUCKMAN, BRUCE W.

    THE OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT WERE (1) TO DEVELOP AN EVALUATION MODEL IN THE FORM OF A HOW-TO-DO-IT MANUAL WHICH OUTLINES PROCEDURES FOR OBTAINING IMMEDIATE INFORMATION REGARDING THE DEGREE TO WHICH A PILOT PROGRAM ACHIEVES ITS STATED FINAL OBJECTIVES, (2) TO EVALUATE THIS MODEL BY USING IT TO EVALUATE TWO ONGOING PILOT PROGRAMS, AND (3) TO…

  20. Puerto Rico Experimental Model Dental Auxiliary Training Program. The Comprehensive Report, Exhibits A to F.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puerto Rico Univ., San Juan. School of Dentistry.

    This annex supplements the Puerto Rico Experimental Model Dental Training Program Comprehensive Report (CE 028 213) and is comprised of exhibits A through F. Among the information included in the exhibits is the experimental model schedule, the schematic representation, the content display, and the course outlines for all courses in the program.…

  1. Modeling function calls in program control flow in terms of Petri Nets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriy Kharitonov

    Full Text Available This article presents a method for representing the C/C++ function call in terms of compositional Petri Nets. Principles of modeling function and function call in the program are described. Formal composition operations to construct program model from mod ...

  2. Building a Sustainable Life Science Information Literacy Program Using the Train-the-Trainer Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, Patricia; Newhouse, Renae; Perry, Valerie

    2014-01-01

    The train-the-trainer model has great potential for expanding information literacy programs without placing undue burden on already overextended librarians; it is surprisingly underused in academic libraries. At the University of Kentucky, we employed this model to create a new information literacy program in an introductory biology lab. We…

  3. Goals and Characteristics of Long-Term Care Programs: An Analytic Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Kathryn L.; Rose, Charles L.

    1989-01-01

    Used medico-social analytic model to compare five long-term care programs: Skilled Nursing Facility-Intermediate Care Facility (SNF-ICF) homes, ICF homes, foster homes, day hospitals, and home care. Identified similarities and differences among programs. Preliminary findings suggest that model is useful in the evaluation and design of long-term…

  4. The Impact of the Developmental Training Model on Staff Development in Air Force Child Development Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Candace Maria Edmonds

    2010-01-01

    In an effort to standardize training delivery and to individualize staff development based on observation and reflective practice, the Air Force implemented the Developmental Training Model (DTM) in its Child Development Programs. The goal of the Developmental Training Model is to enhance high quality programs through improvements in the training…

  5. Practice Makes Perfect? The Role of Participant Modeling in Sexual Abuse Prevention Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurtele, Sandy K.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Assigned 26 kindergarten children to either a sexual abuse prevention program which taught self-protective skills through modeling and active rehearsal (PM) or a program which taught the same skills by having children watch skills modeled by experimenter (SM). Results provide support for greater efficacy of PM relative to SM for learning of…

  6. Building a sustainable comprehensive Women's Health Program: the Michigan model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Juliet L; Johnson, Timothy R B; Warner, Patricia; Thorson, Jayne A; Punch, Margaret R

    2007-01-01

    The Women's Health Program at the University of Michigan was established in 1993 and has developed into a successful, federally supported program that links clinical research and education activities across the University. It has focused on human resource capacity building, sustainable financial support and infrastructure, and adaptability to change and opportunities. Widely accepted standards, demonstrated value, committed leaders/champions, and participatory culture have contributed to its success and are important to its future.

  7. Task scheduling of parallel programs to optimize communications for cluster of SMPs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑纬民; 杨博; 林伟坚; 李志光

    2001-01-01

    This paper discusses the compile time task scheduling of parallel program running on cluster of SMP workstations. Firstly, the problem is stated formally and transformed into a graph partition problem and proved to be NP-Complete. A heuristic algorithm MMP-Solver is then proposed to solve the problem. Experiment result shows that the task scheduling can reduce communication overhead of parallel applications greatly and MMP-Solver outperforms the existing algorithms.

  8. A model technology transfer program for independent operators: Kansas Technology Transfer Model (KTTM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoeling, L.G.

    1993-09-01

    This report describes the development and testing of the Kansas Technology Transfer Model (KTTM) which is to be utilized as a regional model for the development of other technology transfer programs for independent operators throughout oil-producing regions in the US. It describes the linkage of the regional model with a proposed national technology transfer plan, an evaluation technique for improving and assessing the model, and the methodology which makes it adaptable on a regional basis. The report also describes management concepts helpful in managing a technology transfer program. The original Tertiary Oil Recovery Project (TORP) activities, upon which the KTTM is based, were developed and tested for Kansas and have proved to be effective in assisting independent operators in utilizing technology. Through joint activities of TORP and the Kansas Geological Survey (KGS), the KTTM was developed and documented for application in other oil-producing regions. During the course of developing this model, twelve documents describing the implementation of the KTTM were developed as deliverables to DOE. These include: (1) a problem identification (PI) manual describing the format and results of six PI workshops conducted in different areas of Kansas, (2) three technology workshop participant manuals on advanced waterflooding, reservoir description, and personal computer applications, (3) three technology workshop instructor manuals which provides instructor material for all three workshops, (4) three technologies were documented as demonstration projects which included reservoir management, permeability modification, and utilization of a liquid-level acoustic measuring device, (5) a bibliography of all literature utilized in the documents, and (6) a document which describes the KTTM.

  9. Modeling Large sound sources in a room acoustical calculation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Claus Lynge

    1999-01-01

    A room acoustical model capable of modelling point, line and surface sources is presented. Line and surface sources are modelled using a special ray-tracing algorithm detecting the radiation pattern of the surfaces in the room. Point sources are modelled using a hybrid calculation method combining...... this ray-tracing method with Image source modelling. With these three source types, it is possible to model large and complex sound sources in workrooms....

  10. Modeling Large sound sources in a room acoustical calculation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Claus Lynge

    1999-01-01

    A room acoustical model capable of modelling point, line and surface sources is presented. Line and surface sources are modelled using a special ray-tracing algorithm detecting the radiation pattern of the surfaces in the room. Point sources are modelled using a hybrid calculation method combining...... this ray-tracing method with Image source modelling. With these three source types, it is possible to model large and complex sound sources in workrooms....

  11. How To Implement a Tech Prep Program Based on the Rhode Island Model. Tech Prep Associate Degree Program. Technical Programs. Business/Office Administration Programs. Allied Health/Dental Health Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Community Coll. of Rhode Island, Warwick.

    This implementation guide contains information based on experiences that occurred during the development and implementation of the Rhode Island Tech Prep Model. It is intended to assist educators in addressing challenges and obstacles faced by the program early in the planning process. It begins with a rationale for tech prep. Rhode Island…

  12. Model forest program: Year in review, 1993-94. Annual publication

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Model Forest Program was initiated in response to concerns expressed by Canadians about their environment during a nationwide consultative process carried out in 1990. The Program is designed to promote the creation of local partnerships and to encourage these partnerships to formulate and implement their own working vision of sustainable forest management. This document presents developments to date, the Model Forest Network, and models across the country. Information is also included on the International Model Forest Program and Russia joining the Network. A budget for the year and an organizational chart are included.

  13. Modelling Large sound sources in a room acoustical calculation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Claus Lynge

    1999-01-01

    A room acoustical model capable of modelling point, line and surface sources is presented. Line and surfacesources are modelled using a special ray-tracing algorithm detecting the radiation pattern of the surfaces in the room.Point sources are modelled using a hybrid calculation method combining...... this ray-tracing method with Image sourcemodelling. With these three source types, it is possible to model large and complex sound sources in workrooms....

  14. Modelling Large sound sources in a room acoustical calculation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Claus Lynge

    1999-01-01

    A room acoustical model capable of modelling point, line and surface sources is presented. Line and surfacesources are modelled using a special ray-tracing algorithm detecting the radiation pattern of the surfaces in the room.Point sources are modelled using a hybrid calculation method combining...... this ray-tracing method with Image sourcemodelling. With these three source types, it is possible to model large and complex sound sources in workrooms....

  15. PEMILIHAN PROGRAM PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DENGAN PENDEKATAN SISTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutikno Sutikno

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to compile the programs for poverty alleviation by community empowerment model and review the determination program as effectiveness evaluation poverty alleviation program which still can’t be worked properly. Stages the compiling program of poverty alleviation is mapping the socioeconomic conditions of the poor, basic infrastructure conditions, socio-cultural issues, and potential issues; identifying the hopes and predicting the economic development opportunities; creating the poverty alleviation program by SWOT analysis and planning implementation program with KPD. Based on the result of SWOT and scoring analysis, the selected programs are training and assistance, the establishment of cooperative saving and loans, clean water for poor households, rural development with the utilization of clean water, household waste management, and package education program A, B, and C.

  16. Model Kepemimpinan Modern di Program Pascasarjana Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Sulisworo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the management of higher education, demand a change can be done effectively when the leadership and management are well developed. In general, internal conflicts in the education management occurred due to poor leadership. This study is a qualitative study with a phenomenological approach. The subject of the study is Graduate Program of University Ahmad Dahlan which manages five master programs. Determination of each of people which considers his/her competence, knowledge, experience and personal attributes will affect to performance and operational leadership roles, organizational, and public. Cross-departmental activities and external parties become a focus for leadership in achieving the vision and mission of the organization.

  17. Program Demand Cost Model for Alaskan Schools. 6th Edition. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau.

    The Program Demand Cost Model for Alaskan Schools (Cost Model) is a tool for use by school districts and their consultants in estimating school construction costs in the planning phase of a project. This document sets out the sixth edition of the demand-cost model, a rewrite of the whole system. The model can be used to establish a complete budget…

  18. Development and Validation of a Needs Assessment Model Using Stakeholders Involved in a University Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labrecque, Monique

    1999-01-01

    Developed a needs-assessment model and validated the model with five groups of stakeholders connected with an undergraduate university nursing program in Canada. Used focus groups, questionnaires, a hermeneutic approach, and the magnitude-estimation scaling model to validate the model. Results show that respondents must define need to clarify the…

  19. A spatial stochastic programming model for timber and core area management under risk of fires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu Wei; Michael Bevers; Dung Nguyen; Erin Belval

    2014-01-01

    Previous stochastic models in harvest scheduling seldom address explicit spatial management concerns under the influence of natural disturbances. We employ multistage stochastic programming models to explore the challenges and advantages of building spatial optimization models that account for the influences of random stand-replacing fires. Our exploratory test models...

  20. Modeling Activities in the Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Sciences Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fast, Jerome D.; Ghan, Steven J.; Schwartz, Stephen E.

    2009-03-01

    The Department of Energy's Atmospheric Science Program (ASP) conducts research pertinent to radiative forcing of climate change by atmospheric aerosols. The program consists of approximately 40 highly interactive peer-reviewed research projects that examine aerosol properties and processes and the evolution of aerosols in the atmosphere. Principal components of the program are instrument development, laboratory experiments, field studies, theoretical investigations, and modeling. The objectives of the Program are to 1) improve the understanding of aerosol processes associated with light scattering and absorption properties and interactions with clouds that affect Earth's radiative balance and to 2) develop model-based representations of these processes that enable the effects of aerosols on Earth's climate system to be properly represented in global-scale numerical climate models. Although only a few of the research projects within ASP are explicitly identified as primarily modeling activities, modeling actually comprises a substantial component of a large fraction of ASP research projects. This document describes the modeling activities within the Program as a whole, the objectives and intended outcomes of these activities, and the linkages among the several modeling components and with global-scale modeling activities conducted under the support of the Department of Energy's Climate Sciences Program and other aerosol and climate research programs.