WorldWideScience

Sample records for modeling guru geos-5

  1. GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model User's Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouatchou, J.; Molod, A.; Nielsen, J. E.; Auer, B.; Putman, W.; Clune, T.

    2015-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) General Circulation Model (GCM) makes use of the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) to enable model configurations with many functions. One of the options of the GEOS-5 GCM is the GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model (GEOS-5 CTM), which is an offline simulation of chemistry and constituent transport driven by a specified meteorology and other model output fields. This document describes the basic components of the GEOS-5 CTM, and is a user's guide on to how to obtain and run simulations on the NCCS Discover platform. In addition, we provide information on how to change the model configuration input files to meet users' needs.

  2. Data-driven aerosol development in the GEOS-5 modeling and data assimilation system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darmenov, A.; da Silva, A.; Liu, X.; Colarco, P. R.

    2013-12-01

    Atmospheric aerosols are important radiatively active agents that also affect clouds, atmospheric chemistry, the water cycle, land and ocean biogeochemistry. Furthermore, exposure to anthropogenic and/or natural fine particulates can have negative health effects. No single instrument or model is capable of quantifying the diverse and dynamic nature of aerosols at the range of spatial and temporal scales at which they interact with the other constituents and components of the Earth system. However, applying model-data integration techniques can minimize limitations of individual data products and remedy model deficiencies. The Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) is the latest version of the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) Earth system model. GEOS-5 is a modeling and data assimilation framework well suited for aerosol research. It is being used to perform aerosol re-analysis and near real-time aerosol forecast on a global scale at resolutions comparable to those of aerosol products from modern spaceborne instruments. The aerosol processes in GEOS-5 derive from the Goddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport (GOCART) but it is implemented on-line, within the climate model. GEOS-5 aerosol modeling capabilities have recently been enhanced by inclusion of the Modal Aerosol Microphysics module (MAM-7) originally developed in the Community Earth System Model (CESM) model. This work will present examples of data driven model development that include refining parameterization of sea-salt emissions, tuning of biomass burning emissions from vegetation fires and the effect of the updated emissions on the modeled direct aerosol forcing. We will also present results from GOES-5/MAM-7 model evaluation against AOD and particulate pollution datasets, and outline future directions of aerosol data assimilation in the GEOS-5 system.

  3. Evaluation of Convective Transport in the GEOS-5 Chemistry and Climate Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickering, Kenneth E.; Ott, Lesley E.; Shi, Jainn J.; Tao. Wei-Kuo; Mari, Celine; Schlager, Hans

    2011-01-01

    The NASA Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) Chemistry and Climate Model (CCM) consists of a global atmospheric general circulation model and the combined stratospheric and tropospheric chemistry package from the NASA Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) chemical transport model. The subgrid process of convective tracer transport is represented through the Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert parameterization in the GEOS-5 CCM. However, substantial uncertainty for tracer transport is associated with this parameterization, as is the case with all global and regional models. We have designed a project to comprehensively evaluate this parameterization from the point of view of tracer transport, and determine the most appropriate improvements that can be made to the GEOS-5 convection algorithm, allowing improvement in our understanding of the role of convective processes in determining atmospheric composition. We first simulate tracer transport in individual observed convective events with a cloud-resolving model (WRF). Initial condition tracer profiles (CO, CO2, O3) are constructed from aircraft data collected in undisturbed air, and the simulations are evaluated using aircraft data taken in the convective anvils. A single-column (SCM) version of the GEOS-5 GCM with online tracers is then run for the same convective events. SCM output is evaluated based on averaged tracer fields from the cloud-resolving model. Sensitivity simulations with adjusted parameters will be run in the SCM to determine improvements in the representation of convective transport. The focus of the work to date is on tropical continental convective events from the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (AMMA) field mission in August 2006 that were extensively sampled by multiple research aircraft.

  4. Development of the GEOS-5 Atmospheric General Circulation Model: Evolution from MERRA to MERRA2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molod, Andrea; Takacs, Lawrence; Suarez, Max; Bacmeister, Julio

    2014-01-01

    The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications-2 (MERRA2) version of the GEOS-5 (Goddard Earth Observing System Model - 5) Atmospheric General Circulation Model (AGCM) is currently in use in the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) at a wide range of resolutions for a variety of applications. Details of the changes in parameterizations subsequent to the version in the original MERRA reanalysis are presented here. Results of a series of atmosphere-only sensitivity studies are shown to demonstrate changes in simulated climate associated with specific changes in physical parameterizations, and the impact of the newly implemented resolution-aware behavior on simulations at different resolutions is demonstrated. The GEOS-5 AGCM presented here is the model used as part of the GMAO's MERRA2 reanalysis, the global mesoscale "nature run", the real-time numerical weather prediction system, and for atmosphere-only, coupled ocean-atmosphere and coupled atmosphere-chemistry simulations. The seasonal mean climate of the MERRA2 version of the GEOS-5 AGCM represents a substantial improvement over the simulated climate of the MERRA version at all resolutions and for all applications. Fundamental improvements in simulated climate are associated with the increased re-evaporation of frozen precipitation and cloud condensate, resulting in a wetter atmosphere. Improvements in simulated climate are also shown to be attributable to changes in the background gravity wave drag, and to upgrades in the relationship between the ocean surface stress and the ocean roughness. The series of "resolution aware" parameters related to the moist physics were shown to result in improvements at higher resolutions, and result in AGCM simulations that exhibit seamless behavior across different resolutions and applications.

  5. Development of the GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model: evolution from MERRA to MERRA2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Molod

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications-2 (MERRA2 version of the GEOS-5 Atmospheric General Circulation Model (AGCM is currently in use in the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO at a wide range of resolutions for a variety of applications. Details of the changes in parameterizations subsequent to the version in the original MERRA reanalysis are presented here. Results of a series of atmosphere-only sensitivity studies are shown to demonstrate changes in simulated climate associated with specific changes in physical parameterizations, and the impact of the newly implemented resolution-aware behavior on simulations at different resolutions is demonstrated. The GEOS-5 AGCM presented here is the model used as part of the GMAO's MERRA2 reanalysis, the global mesoscale "nature run", the real-time numerical weather prediction system, and for atmosphere-only, coupled ocean–atmosphere and coupled atmosphere–chemistry simulations. The seasonal mean climate of the MERRA2 version of the GEOS-5 AGCM represents a substantial improvement over the simulated climate of the MERRA version at all resolutions and for all applications. Fundamental improvements in simulated climate are associated with the increased re-evaporation of frozen precipitation and cloud condensate, resulting in a wetter atmosphere. Improvements in simulated climate are also shown to be attributable to changes in the background gravity wave drag, and to upgrades in the relationship between the ocean surface stress and the ocean roughness. The series of "resolution aware" parameters related to the moist physics were shown to result in improvements at higher resolutions, and result in AGCM simulations that exhibit seamless behavior across different resolutions and applications.

  6. Graphics Processing Units (GPU) and the Goddard Earth Observing System atmospheric model (GEOS-5): Implementation and Potential Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam, William M.

    2011-01-01

    Earth system models like the Goddard Earth Observing System model (GEOS-5) have been pushing the limits of large clusters of multi-core microprocessors, producing breath-taking fidelity in resolving cloud systems at a global scale. GPU computing presents an opportunity for improving the efficiency of these leading edge models. A GPU implementation of GEOS-5 will facilitate the use of cloud-system resolving resolutions in data assimilation and weather prediction, at resolutions near 3.5 km, improving our ability to extract detailed information from high-resolution satellite observations and ultimately produce better weather and climate predictions

  7. Dynamical ice sheet model coupling with the GEOS-5 AGCM: A preliminary assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullather, R. I.; Zhao, B.; Nowicki, S.; Suarez, M. J.

    2013-12-01

    Dynamical ice sheet models (ISMs) have been developed to address well-known limitations in eustatic change prediction capabilities. Coupling ISMs to an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) is not straightforward, due in part to the extreme difference in spatial scales between the ISM mesh and AGCM grid. In given locations, ISM element edge lengths may be a few km or less, while the AGCM typically has grid spacings on the order of 10s to 100s of km. The Goddard Earth Observing System Model, version 5 (GEOS-5) is a finite-volume AGCM and employs a cube-sphere atmospheric grid (nominally 1° resolution) and a catchment-based land surface scheme that operates on sub-grid scale areas, or tiles, that describe surface characteristics. The land surface component communicates with the atmosphere on a semi-implicit time step via the exchange grid. In this study, coupling between the AGCM and the ISM is facilitated through sub-grid scale land surface tiles that are defined for each element of the ISM. The ISM used here is the Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM) from NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Univ. California at Irvine, which has been adapted for the Greenland Ice Sheet using the 72,320-element Schlagel mesh and using a shallow ice approximation. In the AGCM, land surface tiles are uniquely characterized through a simple downscaling parameterization of surface temperature within each AGCM grid box using a defined lapse rate. On each land surface tile, GEOS-5 employs an advanced snow hydrology model for improved representation of the ice sheet surface mass balance. This preliminary assessment focuses on the differences in the AGCM surface mass balance and surface temperature fields resulting from the downscaling measures employed in the context of an exchange grid, semi-implicit coupling with the atmosphere, and the response of the ISM. Differences in AGCM computational performance with the addition of Greenland tiles is examined, and comparative advantages of

  8. Quantification of Transport Model Error Impacts on CO2 Inversions Using NASA's GEOS-5 GCM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, L.; Pawson, S.; Weir, B.

    2014-12-01

    Remote sensing observations of CO2 offer the opportunity to reduce uncertainty in global carbon flux estimates. However, a number of studies have shown that inversion flux estimates are strongly influenced by errors in model transport. We will present results from modeling studies designed to quantify how such errors influence simulations of surface and column CO2 mixing ratios. These studies were conducted using the Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5) Atmospheric General Circulation Model (AGCM) and the implementation of a suite of tracers associated with errors in boundary layer, convective, and large scale transport. Unlike traditional tagged tracers which are emitted by a certain process or region, error tracers are emitted as air parcels are transported through the atmosphere. The magnitude of error tracer emissions is based on previously published ensembles of AGCM simulations with perturbations to subgrid convective and boundary layer transport, and on comparisons of several reanalysis products to estimate errors in large scale wind fields. Transport error tracers are simulated with several different e-folding lifetimes (e.g. 1, 4, 10, and 30 day) to examine differences between transient and persistent model errors. This quantification of transport error is then used in an illustrative Bayesian synthesis inversion to demonstrate how transport errors influence surface CO2 mixing ratios and how this translates into inferred biosphere flux error.

  9. North Pacific Decadal Variability in the GEOS-5 Atmosphere-Ocean Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achuthavarier, Deepthi; Schubert, Siegfried D.; Vikhliaev, Yury V.

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the mechanisms of the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO) in the GEOS-5 general circulation model. The model simulates a realistic PDO pattern that is resolved as the first empirical orthogonal function (EOF) of winter sea surface temperature (SST). The simulated PDO is primarily forced by Aleutian low through Ekman transport and surface fluxes, and shows a red spectrum without any preferred periodicity. This differs from the observations, which indicate a greater role of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) forcing, and likely reflects the too short time scale of the simulated ENSO. The geostrophic transport in response to the Aleutian low is limited to the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension, and is unlikely the main controlling factor in this model, although it reinforces the Ekman-induced SST anomalies. The delay between the Aleutian low and the PDO is relatively short (1 year) suggesting that the fast Ekman response (rather than Rossby wave propagation) sets the SST pattern immediately following an Aleutian low fluctuation. The atmospheric feedback (response to the SST) is only about 25 of the forcing and never evolves into an Aleutian low completely, instead projecting onto the North Pacific Oscillation (NPO), a meridional dipole in sea level pressure (SLP). The lack of preferred periodicity and weak atmospheric response bothindicate a coupled oscillation is an unlikely mechanism for the PDO in this model. In agreement with recent studies, the NPO is correlated with the North Pacific Gyre Oscillation (NPGO), which is another leading EOF of the North Pacific SST. A possible connection between the PDO and the NPGO is discussed.

  10. Sensitivity of Tropical Cyclones to Parameterized Convection in the NASA GEOS5 Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Young-Kwon; Schubert, Siegfried D.; Reale, Oreste; Lee, Myong-In; Molod, Andrea M.; Suarez, Max J.

    2014-01-01

    The sensitivity of tropical cyclones (TCs) to changes in parameterized convection is investigated to improve the simulation of TCs in the North Atlantic. Specifically, the impact of reducing the influence of the Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert (RAS) scheme-based parameterized convection is explored using the Goddard Earth Observing System version5 (GEOS5) model at 0.25 horizontal resolution. The years 2005 and 2006 characterized by very active and inactive hurricane seasons, respectively, are selected for simulation. A reduction in parameterized deep convection results in an increase in TC activity (e.g., TC number and longer life cycle) to more realistic levels compared to the baseline control configuration. The vertical and horizontal structure of the strongest simulated hurricane shows the maximum lower-level (850-950hPa) wind speed greater than 60 ms and the minimum sea level pressure reaching 940mb, corresponding to a category 4 hurricane - a category never achieved by the control configuration. The radius of the maximum wind of 50km, the location of the warm core exceeding 10 C, and the horizontal compactness of the hurricane center are all quite realistic without any negatively affecting the atmospheric mean state. This study reveals that an increase in the threshold of minimum entrainment suppresses parameterized deep convection by entraining more dry air into the typical plume. This leads to cooling and drying at the mid- to upper-troposphere, along with the positive latent heat flux and moistening in the lower-troposphere. The resulting increase in conditional instability provides an environment that is more conducive to TC vortex development and upward moisture flux convergence by dynamically resolved moist convection, thereby increasing TC activity.

  11. An Ensemble Recentering Kalman Filter with an Application to Argo Temperature Data Assimilation into the NASA GEOS-5 Coupled Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian L.

    2013-01-01

    A two-step ensemble recentering Kalman filter (ERKF) analysis scheme is introduced. The algorithm consists of a recentering step followed by an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) analysis step. The recentering step is formulated such as to adjust the prior distribution of an ensemble of model states so that the deviations of individual samples from the sample mean are unchanged but the original sample mean is shifted to the prior position of the most likely particle, where the likelihood of each particle is measured in terms of closeness to a chosen subset of the observations. The computational cost of the ERKF is essentially the same as that of a same size EnKF. The ERKF is applied to the assimilation of Argo temperature profiles into the OGCM component of an ensemble of NASA GEOS-5 coupled models. Unassimilated Argo salt data are used for validation. A surprisingly small number (16) of model trajectories is sufficient to significantly improve model estimates of salinity over estimates from an ensemble run without assimilation. The two-step algorithm also performs better than the EnKF although its performance is degraded in poorly observed regions.

  12. Development and Applications of the FV3 GEOS-5 Adjoint Modeling System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Daniel; Kim, Jong G.; Lin, Shian-Jiann; Errico, Ron; Gelaro, Ron; Kent, James; Coy, Larry; Doyle, Jim; Goldstein, Alex

    2017-01-01

    GMAO has developed a highly sophisticated adjoint modeling system based on the most recent version of the finite volume cubed sphere (FV3) dynamical core. This provides a mechanism for investigating sensitivity to initial conditions and examining observation impacts. It also allows for the computation of singular vectors and for the implementation of hybrid 4DVAR. In this work we will present the scientific assessment of the new adjoint system and show results from a number of research application of the adjoint system.

  13. Uncertainty Quantification of GEOS-5 L-band Radiative Transfer Model Parameters Using Bayesian Inference and SMOS Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLannoy, Gabrielle J. M.; Reichle, Rolf H.; Vrugt, Jasper A.

    2013-01-01

    Uncertainties in L-band (1.4 GHz) radiative transfer modeling (RTM) affect the simulation of brightness temperatures (Tb) over land and the inversion of satellite-observed Tb into soil moisture retrievals. In particular, accurate estimates of the microwave soil roughness, vegetation opacity and scattering albedo for large-scale applications are difficult to obtain from field studies and often lack an uncertainty estimate. Here, a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation method is used to determine satellite-scale estimates of RTM parameters and their posterior uncertainty by minimizing the misfit between long-term averages and standard deviations of simulated and observed Tb at a range of incidence angles, at horizontal and vertical polarization, and for morning and evening overpasses. Tb simulations are generated with the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) and confronted with Tb observations from the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission. The MCMC algorithm suggests that the relative uncertainty of the RTM parameter estimates is typically less than 25 of the maximum a posteriori density (MAP) parameter value. Furthermore, the actual root-mean-square-differences in long-term Tb averages and standard deviations are found consistent with the respective estimated total simulation and observation error standard deviations of m3.1K and s2.4K. It is also shown that the MAP parameter values estimated through MCMC simulation are in close agreement with those obtained with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO).

  14. The GOddard SnoW Impurity Module (GOSWIM) for the NASA GEOS-5 Earth System Model: Preliminary Comparisons with Observations in Sapporo, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, Teppei J.; Lau, K.-M.; Mahanama, Sarith P. P.; Colarco, Peter R.; daSilva, Arlindo M.; Aoki, Teruo; Aoki, Kazuma; Murao, Naoto; Yamagata, Sadamu; Kodama, Yuji

    2014-01-01

    The snow darkening module evaluating dust, black carbon, and organic carbon depositions on mass and albedo has been developed for the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System, Version 5 (GEOS-5) Earth System Model, as the GOddard SnoW Impurity Module (GOSWIM). GOSWIM consists of the snow albedo scheme from a previous study (Yasunari et al. 2011) with updates and a newly developed mass concentration scheme, using aerosol depositions from the chemical transport model (GOCART) in GEOS-5. Compared to observations at Sapporo, the numerical experiments, forced by observation-based meteorology and aerosol depositions from GOES-5, better simulated the seasonal migration of snow depth, albedos, and impurities of dust, BC, and OC in the snow surface. However, the magnitude of the impurities is underestimated, compared to the sporadic snow impurity measurements. Increasing the deposition rates of dust and BC could explain the differences on the snow darkening effect between observation and simulation. Ignoring BC deposition can possibly lead to an extension of snow cover duration in Sapporo for four days. Comparing the off-line GOSWIM and the GEOS-5 global simulations, we found that determining better local precipitation and deposition rates of the aerosols are key factors in generating better GOSWIM snow darkening simulation in NASA GEOS-5.

  15. Incorporation of the Mass Concentration and the New Snow Albedo Schemes into the Global Forecasting Model, GEOS-5 and the Impact of the New Schemes over Himalayan Glaciers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, Teppei

    2012-01-01

    Recently the issue on glacier retreats comes up and many factors should be relevant to the issue. The absorbing aerosols such as dust and black carbon (BC) are considered to be one of the factors. After they deposited onto the snow surface, it will reduce snow albedo (called snow darkening effect) and probably contribute to further melting of glacier. The Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) has developed at NASA/GSFC. However, the original snowpack model used in the land surface model in the GEOS-5 did not consider the snow darkening effect. Here we developed the new snow albedo scheme which can consider the snow darkening effect. In addition, another scheme on calculating mass concentrations on the absorbing aerosols in snowpack was also developed, in which the direct aerosol depositions from the chemical transport model in the GEOS-5 were used. The scheme has been validated with the observed data obtained at backyard of the Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, by Dr. Teruo Aoki (Meteorological Research Institute) et aL including me. The observed data was obtained when I was Ph.D. candidate. The original GEOS-5during 2007-2009 over the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau region showed more reductions of snow than that of the new GEOS-5 because the original one used lower albedo settings. On snow cover fraction, the new GEOS-5 simulated more realistic snow-covered area comparing to the MODIS snow cover fraction. The reductions on snow albedo, snow cover fraction, and snow water equivalent were seen with statistically significance if we consider the snow darkening effect comparing to the results without the snow darkening effect. In the real world, debris cover, inside refreezing process, surface flow of glacier, etc. affect glacier mass balance and the simulated results immediately do not affect whole glacier retreating. However, our results indicate that some surface melting over non debris covered parts of the glacier would be

  16. An Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) Investigating the OMI Aerosol Products Using Simulated Aerosol and Atmospheric Fields from the NASA GEOS-5 Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, P. R.; Gasso, S.; Jethva, H. T.; Buchard, V.; Ahn, C.; Torres, O.; daSilva, A.

    2016-12-01

    Output from the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5) Earth system model is used to simulate the top-of-atmosphere 354 and 388 nm radiances observed by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) onboard the Aura spacecraft. The principle purpose of developing this simulator tool is to compute from the modeled fields the so-called OMI Aerosol Index (AI), which is a more fundamental retrieval product than higher level products such as the aerosol optical depth (AOD) or absorbing aerosol optical depth (AAOD). This lays the groundwork for eventually developing a capability to assimilate either the OMI AI or its radiances, which would provide further constraint on aerosol loading and absorption properties for global models. We extend the use of the simulator capability to understand the nature of the OMI aerosol retrieval algorithms themselves in an Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE). The simulated radiances are used to calculate the AI from the modeled fields. These radiances are also provided to the OMI aerosol algorithms, which return their own retrievals of the AI, AOD, and AAOD. Our assessment reveals that the OMI-retrieved AI can be mostly harmonized with the model-derived AI given the same radiances provided a common surface pressure field is assumed. This is important because the operational OMI algorithms presently assume a fixed pressure field, while the contribution of molecular scattering to the actual OMI signal in fact responds to the actual atmospheric pressure profile, which is accounted for in our OSSE by using GEOS-5 produced atmospheric reanalyses. Other differences between the model and OMI AI are discussed, and we present a preliminary assessment of the OMI AOD and AAOD products with respect to the known inputs from the GEOS-5 simulation.

  17. Impact of Radiatively Interactive Dust Aerosols in the NASA GEOS-5 Climate Model: Sensitivity to Dust Particle Shape and Refractive Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, Peter R.; Nowottnick, Edward Paul; Randles, Cynthia A.; Yi, Bingqi; Yang, Ping; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Smith, Jamison A.; Bardeen, Charles D.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the radiative effects of dust aerosols in the NASA GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model. GEOS-5 is improved with the inclusion of a sectional aerosol and cloud microphysics module, the Community Aerosol and Radiation Model for Atmospheres (CARMA). Into CARMA we introduce treatment of the dust and sea salt aerosol lifecycle, including sources, transport evolution, and sinks. The aerosols are radiatively coupled to GEOS-5, and we perform a series of multi-decade AMIP-style simulations in which dust optical properties (spectral refractive index and particle shape distribution) are varied. Optical properties assuming spherical dust particles are from Mie theory, while those for non-spherical shape distributions are drawn from a recently available database for tri-axial ellipsoids. The climatologies of the various simulations generally compare well to data from the MODIS, MISR, and CALIOP space-based sensors, the ground-based AERONET, and surface measurements of dust deposition and concentration. Focusing on the summertime Saharan dust cycle we show significant variability in our simulations resulting from different choices of dust optical properties. Atmospheric heating due to dust enhances surface winds over important Saharan dust sources, and we find a positive feedback where increased dust absorption leads to increased dust emissions. We further find that increased dust absorption leads to a strengthening of the summertime Hadley cell circulation, increasing dust lofting to higher altitudes and strengthening the African Easterly Jet. This leads to a longer atmospheric residence time, higher altitude, and generally more northward transport of dust in simulations with the most absorbing dust optical properties. We find that particle shape, although important for radiance simulations, is a minor effect compared to choices of refractive index, although total atmospheric forcing is enhanced by greater than 10 percent for simulations incorporating a

  18. Land Boundary Conditions for the Goddard Earth Observing System Model Version 5 (GEOS-5) Climate Modeling System: Recent Updates and Data File Descriptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahanama, Sarith P.; Koster, Randal D.; Walker, Gregory K.; Takacs, Lawrence L.; Reichle, Rolf H.; De Lannoy, Gabrielle; Liu, Qing; Zhao, Bin; Suarez, Max J.

    2015-01-01

    The Earths land surface boundary conditions in the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) modeling system were updated using recent high spatial and temporal resolution global data products. The updates include: (i) construction of a global 10-arcsec land-ocean lakes-ice mask; (ii) incorporation of a 10-arcsec Globcover 2009 land cover dataset; (iii) implementation of Level 12 Pfafstetter hydrologic catchments; (iv) use of hybridized SRTM global topography data; (v) construction of the HWSDv1.21-STATSGO2 merged global 30 arc second soil mineral and carbon data in conjunction with a highly-refined soil classification system; (vi) production of diffuse visible and near-infrared 8-day MODIS albedo climatologies at 30-arcsec from the period 2001-2011; and (vii) production of the GEOLAND2 and MODIS merged 8-day LAI climatology at 30-arcsec for GEOS-5. The global data sets were preprocessed and used to construct global raster data files for the software (mkCatchParam) that computes parameters on catchment-tiles for various atmospheric grids. The updates also include a few bug fixes in mkCatchParam, as well as changes (improvements in algorithms, etc.) to mkCatchParam that allow it to produce tile-space parameters efficiently for high resolution AGCM grids. The update process also includes the construction of data files describing the vegetation type fractions, soil background albedo, nitrogen deposition and mean annual 2m air temperature to be used with the future Catchment CN model and the global stream channel network to be used with the future global runoff routing model. This report provides detailed descriptions of the data production process and data file format of each updated data set.

  19. IMPLEMENTASI MODEL TUTORIAL BERBASIS KOMPUTER FISIOLOGI HEWAN UNTUK MEMBEKALI KEMAMPUAN REKONSTRUKSI KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeng Slamet

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan model perkuliahan fisiologi hewan yang diharapkan mampu membekali kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep bagi mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Strategi perkuliahan ditempuh melalui implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer. Sebanyak 80 orang mahasiswa S1 calon guru biologi dibagi ke dalam dua kelompok, 41 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial komputer, dan 39 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan konvensional. Kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep diukur dengan membandingkan skor sebelum pembelajaran (pretes dengan setelah implementasi model (postes di antara kedua kelompok belajar. Selain itu, untuk mengungkap pandangan mahasiswa mengenai pengalaman belajarnya, seperangkat angket disebarkan kepada mahasiswa yang mengikuti model perkuliahan.  Efektivitas program perkuliahan dievaluasi dengan tes tertulis bentuk respon terbatas pada mahasiswa yang mengikuti program perkuliahan model tutorial komputer dibandingkan dengan mahasiswa dari kelompok konvensional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan secara keseluruhan terjadi peningkatan  kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep pada kedua kelompok belajar, namun mahasiswa yang mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial berbasis komputer menunjukkan peningkatan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok mahasiswa peserta perkuliahan konvensional. Mahasiswa menanggapi positif implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer dalam perkuliahan fisiologi hewan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model tutorial berbasis komputer pada penelitian ini dinyatakan lebih efektif dan mampu  membekali mahasiwa calon guru biologi dalam meningkatkan kemampuan  rekonstruksi konsep.

  20. Background Error Covariance Estimation using Information from a Single Model Trajectory with Application to Ocean Data Assimilation into the GEOS-5 Coupled Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian L.; Rienecker, Michele M.; Kovach, Robin M.; Vernieres, Guillaume; Koster, Randal D. (Editor)

    2014-01-01

    An attractive property of ensemble data assimilation methods is that they provide flow dependent background error covariance estimates which can be used to update fields of observed variables as well as fields of unobserved model variables. Two methods to estimate background error covariances are introduced which share the above property with ensemble data assimilation methods but do not involve the integration of multiple model trajectories. Instead, all the necessary covariance information is obtained from a single model integration. The Space Adaptive Forecast error Estimation (SAFE) algorithm estimates error covariances from the spatial distribution of model variables within a single state vector. The Flow Adaptive error Statistics from a Time series (FAST) method constructs an ensemble sampled from a moving window along a model trajectory. SAFE and FAST are applied to the assimilation of Argo temperature profiles into version 4.1 of the Modular Ocean Model (MOM4.1) coupled to the GEOS-5 atmospheric model and to the CICE sea ice model. The results are validated against unassimilated Argo salinity data. They show that SAFE and FAST are competitive with the ensemble optimal interpolation (EnOI) used by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) to produce its ocean analysis. Because of their reduced cost, SAFE and FAST hold promise for high-resolution data assimilation applications.

  1. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BIOKIMIA BERBASIS KOMPUTER UNTUK MEMBEKALI KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KREATIF MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Rahmatan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model pembelajaran biokima berbasis komputer untuk membekali keterampilan berpikir kreatif mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Hasil pengolahan data diperoleh bahwa hasil validasi oleh ahli terhadap model pembelajaran sudah baik demikian juga dengan keterbacaan software pembelajaran. Dengan demikian model pembelajaran biokimia dengan model drill and practice yang dikemas dalam software sudah dapat digunakan untuk mengukur penguasaan konsep biokimia dan keterampilan berpikir kreatif mahasiswa calon guru biologi.   This study aims to develop computer-based learning model biokima creative thinking skills to equip prospective teachers of biology students. This research is a descriptive study. Data processing results obtained that the results of the validation by experts to have a good learning model as well as the legibility of the learning software. Thus the biochemical model of learning by drill and practice models that can be packaged in software has been used to measure mastery of biochemical concepts and creative thinking skills of prospective teachers of biology students.

  2. Uncertainty quantification of GEOS-5 L-band radiative transfer model parameters using Bayesian inference and SMOS observations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.J.M. De Lannoy; R.H. Reichle; J.A. Vrugt

    2014-01-01

    Uncertainties in L-band (1.4 GHz) microwave radiative transfer modeling (RTM) affect the simulation of brightness temperatures (Tb) over land and the inversion of satellite-observed Tb into soil moisture retrievals. In particular, accurate estimates of the microwave soil roughness, vegetation optica

  3. Total Dust Deposition Flux During Precipitation in Toyama, Japan, in the Spring of 2009: A Sensitivity Analysis with the NASA GEOS-5 Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, Teppei J.; Colarco, Peter R.; Lau, William K. M.; Osada, Kazuo; Kido, Mizuka; Mahanama, Sarith P. P.; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Da Silva, Arlindo M.

    2015-01-01

    We compared the observed total dust deposition fluxes during precipitation (TDP) mainly at Toyama in Japan during the period January - April 2009 with results available from four NASA GEOS-5 global model experiments. The modeled results were obtained from three previous experiments and carried out in one experiment, which were all driven by assimilated meteorology and simulating aerosol distributions for the time period. We focus mainly on the observations of two distinct TDP events, which were reported in Osada et al. (2011), at Toyama, Japan, in February (Event B) and March 2009 (Event C). Although all of our GEOS-5 simulations captured aspects of the observed TDP, we found that our low horizontal spatial resolution control experiment performed generally the worst. The other three experiments were run at a higher spatial resolution, with the first differing only in that respect from the control, the second adding imposed a prescribed corrected precipitation product, and the final experiment adding as well assimilation of aerosol optical depth based on MODIS observations. During Event C, the increased horizontal resolution could increase TDP with precipitation increase. There was no significant improvement, however, due to the imposition of the corrected precipitation product. The simulation that incorporated aerosol data assimilation performed was by far the best for this event, but even so could only reproduce less than half of the observed TDP despite the significantly increased atmospheric dust mass concentrations. All three of the high spatial resolution experiments had higher simulated precipitation at Toyama than was observed and that in the lower resolution control run. During Event B, the aerosol data assimilation run did not perform appreciably better than the other higher resolution simulations, suggesting that upstream conditions (i.e., upstream cloudiness), or vertical or horizontal misplacement of the dust plume did not allow for significant

  4. Surface Pressure Dependencies in the GEOS-Chem-Adjoint System and the Impact of the GEOS-5 Surface Pressure on CO2 Model Forecast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Meemong; Weidner, Richard

    2016-01-01

    In the GEOS-Chem Adjoint (GCA) system, the total (wet) surface pressure of the GEOS meteorology is employed as dry surface pressure, ignoring the presence of water vapor. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) research team has been evaluating the impact of the above discrepancy on the CO2 model forecast and the CO2 flux inversion. The JPL CMS research utilizes a multi-mission assimilation framework developed by the Multi-Mission Observation Operator (M2O2) research team at JPL extending the GCA system. The GCA-M2O2 framework facilitates mission-generic 3D and 4D-variational assimilations streamlining the interfaces to the satellite data products and prior emission inventories. The GCA-M2O2 framework currently integrates the GCA system version 35h and provides a dry surface pressure setup to allow the CO2 model forecast to be performed with the GEOS-5 surface pressure directly or after converting it to dry surface pressure.

  5. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL ASESSMENT AUTENTIK GUNA MENILAI KETERAMPILAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH DALAM KEGIATAN PRAKTIK LAPANGAN CALON GURU BIOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Cartono

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to generate an authentic assessment model which has tested-distinctive characteristics so that it can be used to assess pre service Biology teachers’ problem-solving skills in an integrated field practice activities. This study consists of Needs Analysis, Process and Learning Product Analysis, Study Objectives and Benefits Determination, Authentic Assessment Model and Instrument Designing, as well as Design and Instrument Validation. The first three steps are based on lecturers and participating students interview results, and also direct observation of two field practice activities in coastal and rangeland ecosystems. The authentic assessment design and instrument development  was based on the results of needs analysis, while validation is done based on experts’ judgements and trials in limited audience. The model of authentic assessment instrument developed in this study includes assessment of the realm of knowledge, skills, and scholarly behavior. Moreover, its content and construct were validated as logically and empirically adequate to assess problem-solving skill. Socialization of assessment aspects encourages the students to show their best performances, explore knowledge by themselves, and be more scholarly during field practice activities. The existence of this authentic assessment instrument provides convenience for supervisors in determining student’ learning objective achievement and further guiding actions. Keywords: authentic assessment, problem-solving skill, education of prospective biology teachers, integrated field practice Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan suatu model asessment autentik yang memiliki karakter khusus dan teruji sehingga layak digunakan untuk menilai keterampilan pemecahan masalah mahasiswa calon guru biologi dalam kegiatan praktik lapangan terpadu. Penelitian ini terdiri atas tahapan Analisis Kebutuhan, Analisis Proses dan Produk Pembelajaran, Penentuan Tujuan dan

  6. MODEL PELATIHAN GURU ILMU PENGETAHUAN SOSIAL DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH KARTASURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjipto Subadi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to review and describe: 1 Coaching model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura. 2 Test the validation of coaching model on social sciences teacher. This study used a qualitative approach of phenomenology. This study was conducted in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura, Sukoharjo district. The research design was classroom action research. The subject in this research were students, teachers, the principal. Data collection technique used observation, testing and interview. The interview process using theory of first and second order understanding. Data were analyzed using an interactive model included data reduction, data display, and conclusion. This study concluded that 1 Coaching Model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura used modification lesson study approach. 2 Validation of the coaching model using two kinds of validation namely theory of validation and practice of validation.

  7. Spatial Variability in Column CO2 Inferred from High Resolution GEOS-5 Global Model Simulations: Implications for Remote Sensing and Inversions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, L.; Putman, B.; Collatz, J.; Gregg, W.

    2012-01-01

    Column CO2 observations from current and future remote sensing missions represent a major advancement in our understanding of the carbon cycle and are expected to help constrain source and sink distributions. However, data assimilation and inversion methods are challenged by the difference in scale of models and observations. OCO-2 footprints represent an area of several square kilometers while NASA s future ASCENDS lidar mission is likely to have an even smaller footprint. In contrast, the resolution of models used in global inversions are typically hundreds of kilometers wide and often cover areas that include combinations of land, ocean and coastal areas and areas of significant topographic, land cover, and population density variations. To improve understanding of scales of atmospheric CO2 variability and representativeness of satellite observations, we will present results from a global, 10-km simulation of meteorology and atmospheric CO2 distributions performed using NASA s GEOS-5 general circulation model. This resolution, typical of mesoscale atmospheric models, represents an order of magnitude increase in resolution over typical global simulations of atmospheric composition allowing new insight into small scale CO2 variations across a wide range of surface flux and meteorological conditions. The simulation includes high resolution flux datasets provided by NASA s Carbon Monitoring System Flux Pilot Project at half degree resolution that have been down-scaled to 10-km using remote sensing datasets. Probability distribution functions are calculated over larger areas more typical of global models (100-400 km) to characterize subgrid-scale variability in these models. Particular emphasis is placed on coastal regions and regions containing megacities and fires to evaluate the ability of coarse resolution models to represent these small scale features. Additionally, model output are sampled using averaging kernels characteristic of OCO-2 and ASCENDS measurement

  8. Spatial variability in column CO2 inferred from high resolution GEOS-5 global model simulations: Implications for remote sensing and inversions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, L.; Putman, W. M.; Pawson, S.; Collatz, G. J.; Gregg, W. W.

    2012-12-01

    Column CO2 observations from current and future remote sensing missions represent a major advancement in our understanding of the carbon cycle and are expected to help constrain source and sink distributions. However, data assimilation and inversion methods are challenged by the difference in scale of models and observations. OCO-2 footprints represent an area of several square kilometers while NASA's future ASCENDS lidar mission is likely to have an even smaller footprint. In contrast, the resolution of models used in global inversions are typically hundreds of kilometers wide and often cover areas that include combinations of land, ocean and coastal areas and areas of significant topographic, land cover, and population density variations. To improve understanding of scales of atmospheric CO2 variability and representativeness of satellite observations, we will present results from a global, 10-km simulation of meteorology and atmospheric CO2 distributions performed using NASA's GEOS-5 general circulation model. This resolution, typical of mesoscale atmospheric models, represents an order of magnitude increase in resolution over typical global simulations of atmospheric composition allowing new insight into small scale CO2 variations across a wide range of surface flux and meteorological conditions. The simulation includes high resolution flux datasets provided by NASA's Carbon Monitoring System Flux Pilot Project at half degree resolution that have been downscaled to 10-km using remote sensing datasets. Probability distribution functions are calculated over larger areas more typical of global models (100-400 km) to characterize subgrid-scale variability in these models. Particular emphasis is placed on coastal regions and regions containing megacities and fires to evaluate the ability of coarse resolution models to represent these small scale features. Additionally, model output are sampled using averaging kernels characteristic of OCO-2 and ASCENDS measurement

  9. The NASA GEOS-5 Aerosol Forecasting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, Peter; daSilva, Arlindo; Darmenov, Anton

    2011-01-01

    The NASA Goddard Earth Observing System modeling and data assimilation environment (GEOS-5) is maintained by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Near-realtime meteorological forecasts are produced to support NASA satellite and field missions. We have implemented in this environment an aerosol module based on the Goddard Chemistry, Aerosol, Radiation, and Transport (GOCART) model. This modeling system has previously been evaluated in the context of hindcasts based on assimilated meteorology. Here we focus on the development and evaluation of the near-realtime forecasting system. We present a description of recent efforts to implement near-realtime biomass burning emissions derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) fire radiative power products. We as well present a developing capability for improvement of aerosol forecasts by assimilation of aerosol information from MODIS.

  10. Update on the NASA GEOS-5 Aerosol Forecasting and Data Assimilation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, Peter; da Silva, Arlindo; Aquila, Valentina; Bian, Huisheng; Buchard, Virginie; Castellanos, Patricia; Darmenov, Anton; Follette-Cook, Melanie; Govindaraju, Ravi; Keller, Christoph; hide

    2017-01-01

    GEOS-5 is the Goddard Earth Observing System model. GEOS-5 is maintained by the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office. Core development is within GMAO,Goddard Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, and with external partners. Primary GEOS-5 functions: Earth system model for studying climate variability and change, provide research quality reanalyses for supporting NASA instrument teams and scientific community, provide near-real time forecasts of meteorology,aerosols, and other atmospheric constituents to support NASA airborne campaigns.

  11. Performance Tests of Snow-Related Variables Over the Tibetan Plateau and Himalayas Using a New Version of NASA GEOS-5 Land Surface Model that Includes the Snow Darkening Effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, Tppei J.; Lau, K.-U.; Koster, Randal D.; Suarez, Max; Mahanama, Sarith; Dasilva, Arlindo M.; Colarco, Peter R.

    2011-01-01

    The snow darkening effect, i.e. the reduction of snow albedo, is caused by absorption of solar radiation by absorbing aerosols (dust, black carbon, and organic carbon) deposited on the snow surface. This process is probably important over Himalayan and Tibetan glaciers due to the transport of highly polluted Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) from the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP). This effect has been incorporated into the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System model, version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric transport model. The Catchment land surface model (LSM) used in GEOS-5 considers 3 snow layers. Code was developed to track the mass concentration of aerosols in the three layers, taking into account such processes as the flushing of the compounds as liquid water percolates through the snowpack. In GEOS-5, aerosol emissions, transports, and depositions are well simulated in the Goddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport (GO CART) module; we recently made the connection between GOCART and the GEOS-5 system fitted with the revised LSM. Preliminary simulations were performed with this new system in "replay" mode (i.e., with atmospheric dynamics guided by reanalysis) at 2x2.5 degree horizontal resolution, covering the period 1 November 2005 - 31 December 2009; we consider the final three years of simulation here. The three simulations used the following variants of the LSM: (1) the original Catchment LSM with a fixed fresh snowfall density of 150 kg m-3 ; (2) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code, used here without aerosol deposition but with changes in density formulation and melting water effect on snow specific surface area, (3) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code as same as (2) but with fixed aerosol deposition rates (computed from GOCART values averaged over the Tibetan Plateau domain [Ion.: 60-120E; lat.: 20-50N] during March-May 2008) applied to all grid points at every time step. For (2) and (3), the same setting on the fresh snowfall density as in (1

  12. ANALISIS DESKRIPTIF DALAM PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PBL (PROBLEM BASED LEARNING OLEH GURU MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI SMA NEGERI 1 SLIYEG KABUPATEN INDRAMAYU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheilla Az Zahra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini antara lain : (1 Perencanaan pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi (2 Pelaksanaan pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi di SMAN 1 Sliyeg (3 Evaluasi pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SMA Negeri 1 Sliyeg Kabupaten Indramayu. Alat analisis data adalah analisis interaksi. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara dan dokumentasi. Informan utama adalah guru mata pelajaran Ekonomi. Teknik analisis data dalam penelitian ini meliputi : pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan atau verifikasi data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa guru-guru mata pelajaran Ekonomi di SMAN 1 Sliyeg selalu membuat perangkat pembelajaran di awal semester dan selalu menyusun dan mempersiapkan RPP sebelum mengajar. Pelaksanaan pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi sudah cukup baik dan guru pun cukup memahami mengenai PBL dan mendapat respon positif dari siswa. Evaluasi dan penilaian dari guru Ekonomi masing-masing mempunyai cara yang berbeda, seperti quiz dan tanya jawab, lalu guru memberi nilai tambahan kepada siswa yang aktif dalam menjawab. Saran yang diberikan dalam penelitian ini adalah guru sebaiknya meningkatkan pemahaman mengenai pembelajaran PBL. Guru harus lebih berwawasan luas, meningkatkan kretivitas dan inovatif dalam pelaksanaan PBL. Guru harus memperluas wawasan dan lebih kreatif lagi dalam mengembangkan cara evaluasi pada akhir pembelajaran. One of these models is the learning of model PBL (Problem Based Learning. It is expected that a better model of PBL to increase student activity when compared with the model konvesional.So far this learning process is still dominated by a paradigm that states that a knowledge of the facts is to be memorized. Problems in this study include: (1 Planning of PBL learning by teachers of Economics (2 The implementation of PBL learning by Economics teacher at SMAN 1

  13. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL INTERNALISASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PANCASILA PADA GURU PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Supeni

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengembangkan model internalisasi pendidikan karakter se- bagai penguatan nilai-nilai Pancasila, mengetahui langkah dan efektivitas model, mengembangkan strategi yang efektif, serta memperoleh hasil pengembangan bahan ajar oleh guru PAUD di Kota Surakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan model penelitian dan pengembangan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, focus group discussion, wawancara, dan dokumentasi, sedang teknik analisis data dilakukan dengan membuat reduksi data dan sajian data secara terus-menerus. Strategi pengembangan model pendidikan karakter disesuaikan dengan materi melalui media bermain peran, gambar, menyanyikan lagu nasional, dan rasa cinta tanah air. Out bond efektif pada praktik pendidikan karakter melalui nilai-nilai dasar etika dan moral dijadikan sebagai basis pendidikan Pancasila. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model yang dilakukan valid dan reliabel. Penelitian berhasil mengembangkan model pendidikan karakter dalam internalisasi pendidikan Pancasila pada anak usia dini lewat beberapa model strategi pengembangan pendidikan karakter dalam menginternalisasikan Pancasila pada PAUD melalui tabel model yang akan diterapkan dalam proses pendidikan. Kata Kunci: pendidikan karakter, Pancasila, PAUD DEVELOPING A MODEL OF THE PANCASILA CHARACTER EDUCATION INTERNALISATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHERS Abstract: This study was aimed to develop a model of the internalisation of the Pancasila character education, to find out the stages and effectiveness of the model, to develop an effective strategy, and to obtain the result of the materials developed by early childhood teachers in Surakarta Municipality. This study used a research and development model. The data were collected through observations, focus group discussion, interviews, and documentation, and the data were analyzed by reducing the data and displaying the data continuously. The strategi of developing the model of character

  14. Assessing DRAGON Measurements for Evaluation and Assimilation in the GEOS-5 Aerosol Forecasting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, A.; Colarco, P. R.; Darmenov, A.; Holben, B. N.

    2013-12-01

    GEOS-5 is the latest version of the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) earth system model. GEOS-5 contains components for atmospheric circulation and composition (including data assimilation), ocean circulation and biogeochemistry, and land surface processes. In addition to traditional meteorological parameters, GEOS-5 includes modules representing the atmospheric composition, most notably aerosols and tropospheric/stratospheric chemical constituents, taking explicit account of the impact of these constituents on the radiative processes of the atmosphere. The assimilation of Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) in GEOS-5 involves very careful cloud screening and homogenization of the observing system by means of a Neural Net scheme that translates MODIS radiances into AERONET calibrated AOD. These measurements are further quality controlled using an adaptive buddy check scheme, and assimilated using the Local Displacement Ensemble (LDE) methodology. The near real-time GEOS-5 aerosol forecasting system runs at a nominal 25km horizontal resolution with 72 vertical layers (top at ~85km). GEOS-5 is driven by daily biomass burning emissions derived from MODIS fire radiative power retrievals. In this talk we will utilize aerosol measurements from the Distributed Regional Aerosol Gridded Observation Networks (DRAGON) to evaluate the temporal and spatial distribution of aerosols in GEOS-5. While NRT assimilation of MODIS optical depth observations constrains the GEOS-5 aerosol distributions during satellite overpasses, the diurnal cycle, mixing state and optical properties are internally determined by the model parameterizations and require careful validation. By combining DRAGON with other in-situ and remotely sensed measurements from the DISCOVER-AQ and SEAC4RS field campaigns we will present a comprehensive evaluation of the GEOS-5 aerosol state, and examine the impact of assimilating the DRAGON measurements on the quality of the GEOS-5 analysis and forecasts

  15. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU SEKOLAH DASAR BUDI MULIA DUA SETURAN, DEPOK, SLEMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristiyani Ristiyani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini  bertujuan mendeskripsikan: (1 upaya yang dilakukan  kepala sekolah dan guru untuk meningkatkan kompetensi, (2 faktor pendukung dan penghambat peningkatan kompetensi guru serta cara mengatasi hambatan tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif jenis studi kasus. Subyek atau sumber data dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari kepala sekolah, guru senior, guru menengah/madya, guru yunior, staf penelitian dan pengembangan, staf pengembangan sumber daya manusia dan  staf administrasi sekolah. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan model interaktif mengacu  pada teknik analisis data kualitatif Miles dan Huberman yaitu: reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan/verifikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa upaya yang dilakukan kepala sekolah mengirim guru mengikuti pelatihan dan kegiatan ilmiah, mengadakan sosialisasi hasil pelatihan, memotivasi peningkatkan kompetensi, memberikan reward. Upaya para guru yaitu memahami tuntutan standar profesi, etos kerja dan budaya kerja. Upaya kepala sekolah mengatasi hambatan yaitu memfasilitasi pengembangan profesi, untuk mengatasi hambatan waktu pelatihan dengan mengadakan pemetaan kebutuhan guru yang dikirim, membuat jadwal pengganti bagi guru yang diikutsertakan ke pelatihan, membuat jadwal tersendiri di luar jam pembelajaran. Upaya para guru dalam mengatasi hambatan  diantaranya melanjutkan ke Strata-2, keikutsertaan pelatihan dan kegiatan ilmiah. Upaya para guru mengatasi hambatan waktu pelatihan yaitu antara guru saling menukar jadwal mengajar. Alternatif lain adalah memberikan tugas ke siswa. Kata kunci:  upaya, peningkatan kompetensi, profesionalisme guru.

  16. The Representation of Tropical Cyclones Within the Global William Putman Non-Hydrostatic Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5) at Cloud-Permitting Resolutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putman, William M.

    2010-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-S), an earth system model developed in the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO), has integrated the non-hydrostatic finite-volume dynamical core on the cubed-sphere grid. The extension to a non-hydrostatic dynamical framework and the quasi-uniform cubed-sphere geometry permits the efficient exploration of global weather and climate modeling at cloud permitting resolutions of 10- to 4-km on today's high performance computing platforms. We have explored a series of incremental increases in global resolution with GEOS-S from irs standard 72-level 27-km resolution (approx.5.5 million cells covering the globe from the surface to 0.1 hPa) down to 3.5-km (approx. 3.6 billion cells).

  17. APLIKASI PSIKOLOGI POSITIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN WELL-BEING GURU-GURU BRUDERAN PURWOKERTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonar Hutapea

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Banyaknya guru yang mengundurkan diri dari pekerjaannya sebagai guru, maka penanganan masalah pribadi dan upaya membantu diri sendiri (self-care menjadi keharusan demi profesi ini. Sejumlah testimoni tentang hal ini semakin menguatkan betapa guru membutuhkan pengembangan diri dan penanganan serius terhadap pengalaman guru sehari-hari yang mempengaruhi psikologis mereka, sebagaimana juga dirasakan oleh Guru-guru di lingkungan Bruderan Purwokerto. Hasil studi pendahuluan melalui angket/skala psikologi menunjukkan bahwa permasalahan well-being tampak menonjol. Lokakarya ini dimaksudkan untuk mengajak para guru memulihkan kebermaknaan hidup dalam pekerjaan dengan melihat sisi positif dan sejumlah potensi perbedayaan diri. Secara khusus faktor resiliensi, harapan, optimisme dan efikasi akan mendapatkan penekanan khusus mengingat keempatnya saat ini dianggap amat penting dikembangkan dan diterapkan dalam konteks Psikologi Kerja, yang dikenal sebagai modal psikologis (psychological capital (PsyCap (Luthans et al., 2004; Luthans & Youssef, 2004; Luthans et al., 2007 dan dianggap sebagai salah satu penerapan Psikologi Positif di tempat kerja atau dunia kerja organisasi. Pelatihan ini dirancang mengikuti model pelatihan kelas (classroom training dengan metode berupa ceramah (lecture, tutorial, lokakarya (ASTD, 2007. Adapun lokakarya diisi dengan simulasi, bermain peran (role play dan memcontohkan melalui perilaku (behavior modeling. Evaluasi terhadap pelatihan ini dilakukan mengikuti model eskperimentasi dengan tes awal (pre-test dan kembali mendapatkan tes (post test setelah pelatihan dilakukan. Alat pengumpulan data adalah angket (kuesioner. Data dianalisis dengan T-test untuk menguji perbedaan pre-test dan post-test dan analisis regresi. Hasil pelatihan ini menunjukkan bahwa pelatihan PsyCap sangat efektif dalam meningkatkan wellbeing para guru. Selain itu, kontribusi efektif PsyCap terhadap Wellbeing adalah 33%, sedangkan sebagian besarnya diduga

  18. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN IPA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI CALON GURU SEBAGAI KECENDERUNGAN BARU PADA ERA GLOBALISASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms Liliasari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian people as human resources should be prepared to globalization era in the 21st  century, therefore they have to develop their higher order thinking skill rapidly, to improve their quality. Science education has an important role to develop young generation thinking skill, that makes science teachers training needs to be improved. Three science teaching models  have been developed to increase science teacher candidates high order thinking skill, consist of Chemical Bond Model of Teaching (MPIK, Thermodynamics Model of Teaching (MPTD and Anatomy and Physiology of Human Body Model of Teaching (MPAF. Each of the models consists of concept analysis and concept map, learning activities, teaching materials, test item. These studies show the dependency of the higher order thinking aspects and the characteristics of the subject matter in the models, including kind of concepts, width and depth of the subject matter areas. The models have been implemented and evaluated in three institutes of teacher training in Java. The findings show that the models had successfully increased the science teacher candidates way of thinking, on the whole stages of critical thinking skills, that have raised their propositional and combinatorial thinking. The impact shows that science models of learning (MPIPA are available as new trend of science teacher training for the globalization era. Kata kunci  : model pembelajaran, berpikir tingkat tinggi, calon guru IPA

  19. File Specification for GEOS-5 FP-IT (Forward Processing for Instrument Teams)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucchesi, R.

    2013-01-01

    The GEOS-5 FP-IT Atmospheric Data Assimilation System (GEOS-5 ADAS) uses an analysis developed jointly with NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), which allows the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) to take advantage of the developments at NCEP and the Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation (JCSDA). The GEOS-5 AGCM uses the finite-volume dynamics (Lin, 2004) integrated with various physics packages (e.g, Bacmeister et al., 2006), under the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) including the Catchment Land Surface Model (CLSM) (e.g., Koster et al., 2000). The GSI analysis is a three-dimensional variational (3DVar) analysis applied in grid-point space to facilitate the implementation of anisotropic, inhomogeneous covariances (e.g., Wu et al., 2002; Derber et al., 2003). The GSI implementation for GEOS-5 FP-IT incorporates a set of recursive filters that produce approximately Gaussian smoothing kernels and isotropic correlation functions. The GEOS-5 ADAS is documented in Rienecker et al. (2008). More recent updates to the model are presented in Molod et al. (2011). The GEOS-5 system actively assimilates roughly 2 × 10(exp 6) observations for each analysis, including about 7.5 × 10(exp 5) AIRS radiance data. The input stream is roughly twice this volume, but because of the large volume, the data are thinned commensurate with the analysis grid to reduce the computational burden. Data are also rejected from the analysis through quality control procedures designed to detect, for example, the presence of cloud. To minimize the spurious periodic perturbations of the analysis, GEOS-5 FP-IT uses the Incremental Analysis Update (IAU) technique developed by Bloom et al. (1996). More details of this procedure are given in Appendix A. The analysis is performed at a horizontal resolution of 0.625-degree longitude by 0.5-degree latitude and at 72 levels, extending to 0.01 hPa. All products are generated at the native resolution of the

  20. Model - Model Pembelajaran pada Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (PGMI STAIN Samarinda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syeh Hawib Hamzah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The model of learning is a vital thing in education. A good appropriate model of learning could reach the goal of learning efficently and effectively. The lecturers of education and teacher training program of STAIN Samarinda implement a various teaching and learning models when they perform their teaching, such as: model of contectual teaching, social interaction, informational proces, personal-based learning, behaviorism, cooperative learning, and problem-based learning.

  1. KINERJA GURU BAHASA INGGRIS BERSERTIFIKAT PENDIDIK DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmi Munfangati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kinerja guru bahasa Inggris bersertifikat pendidik ditinjau dari: (1 tiap penilai dan tiap kompetensi, (2 latar belakang syarat dan proses sertifikasi (tingkat pendidikan, pengalaman mengajar, jalur sertifikasi, dan untuk mengetahui (3 hambatan-hambatan yang dihadapi guru bahasa Inggris bersertifikat pendidik pascasertifikasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif jenis survei. Populasi pada penelitian ini 43 orang guru bahasa Inggris bersertifikat pendidik dari 10 SMA Negeri dan 12 SMA Swasta di Kota Yogyakarta. Instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dengan penskalaan menggunakan model Likert. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa (1 ditinjau dari penilai dan kompetensi, guru memiliki kinerja pada kategori baik; (2 guru yang memiliki tingkat pendidikan tinggi, pengalaman kerja tinggi, dan lulus sertifikasi melalui uji portofolio memiliki kinerja pada kategori sangat baik; dan (3 terdapat dua faktor yang menjadi hambatan guru bahasa Inggris SMA bersertifikat pendidik pascasertifikasi, yaitu faktor internal dan faktor eksternal. Kata kunci: Kinerja guru, tingkat pendidikan, pengalaman mengajar, jalur sertifikasi

  2. PEMANFAATAAN TV LOKAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PROFESIONALISME GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wildan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Use of Local TV Broadcast to Improve Teacher's Professionalism. The study mainly focuses on developing the training model to improve the teacher's professionalism using the local TV. The material developed and piloted in this study is material for Classroon Action Research (CAR. After being developed, the material is then tested by involving 46 Elementary School teachers. The resulst of data analysis indicate that average score is 72.33 with deviation standard of 11.29 and that only 5 teachers (10.87% of the teachers do not pass the passing standard ( ≥70. It can be concluded that the use of local TV as the training media can improve the teacher's professionalism in East Lombok. Abstrak: Pemanfaatan TV Lokal untuk Meningkatkan Profesionalisme Guru. Fokus utama penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan model pelatihan untuk meningkatkan profesionalisme guru dengan memanfaatkan TV lokal. Materi pelatihan yang diujicobakan adalah untuk Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK. Setelah dila­kukan tahap-tahap pengembangan, dilakukan uji kompetensi dengan melibatkan 46 orang guru SD. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa skor rata-rata 72,33 dengan standar deviasi 11,29, dan hanya 5 orang (10,87% yang tidak mencapai standar kelulusan ( ≥ 70. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data di atas, dapat disim­pulkan bahwa pelatihan dengan memanfaatkan TV lokal dapat meningkatkan profesionalisme guru.

  3. MODEL PELATIHAN BERBASIS KELOMPOK KERJA GURU UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MENYUSUN PERANGKAT PENILAIAN BERBASIS KELAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Suwono

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Teacher Taskforce-based Training Model to Improve the Ability to Develop Class-based As­sessment Instruments. This R & D project was aimed at demonstrating the most effective model, out of three training models-Teachers Working Group (KKG-Practice-Reflection (KPR, Modelling-Practice-Reflection (MPR, and Telling-Practice-Reflection (CPR. The first model was de­veloped based on orientation re­sults. This model was validated by educational experts and practitioners and was tried-out so as to result in a model which was more appropriate for primary schools. In the stage of semi-summative evaluation for the final design, an experiment was conducted to identify the most ef­fective model. The experiment employed a factorial design. The findings show that MPR was the most effective model. This model was perceived as the one which was beneficial to improve the teachers' capability in designing the in­struments of classroom-based assessment for science teaching. In addition, the model could improve the teachers' knowledge of classroom-based assessment, and could help them design better classroom-­based assessment instruments. The second most effective model was KPR. Even though this model was perceived as less beneficial than MPR, with training carried out twice, it could improve the teachers' capability in designing the instruments of classroom-based as­sessment as effective as that of MPR model.

  4. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ANALITIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN GURU KIMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs Liliasari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to improve chemistry teacher training program quality, use Analytical Chemistry Teaching Model (MPKA. The improvement should be on student higher order thinking skills. The model is consisting of 23 concepts, which include concepts that name process, concepts that have no perceptible instances, concepts which require knowledge of principles, concepts involving symbolic representation, formula and equation. Those concepts arrange in nine hierarchies on concept map. The model of teaching uses: (a concept and science process skill approach; (b problem solving and lecture method, and also laboratory activities; (c transparency and power point media; (d essay test. Critical thinking skills developed by the model are elementary clarification, basic support, inference and strategy and tactics. Creative thinking skills developed by the model are: (1 encouraging elegant solution of collision conflict, unsolved mysteries; (2 practicing the creative problem solving process in disciplined systematic manner in dealing with the problem and information at hand; (3 examining fantasies to find solution of real problems; (4 heightening anticipation only enough structure to give clues and direction. The model has been implemented to 82 students in three teacher’s training institutions (LPTK in Java and Bali. The model improves students’ comprehension in Chemistry concepts. It also develops three kinds of logics: group inclusion, proportional and combinatorial. Therefore it is suggested to develop similar models for other courses in perspectives chemistry teachers training program. Key words: Model of teaching, analytical chemistry, critical and creative thinking skills, quality improvement.

  5. Analisis Studi Kebijakan Pengelolaan Guru SMK dalam Rangka Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwandi Suwandi

    2016-05-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeksripsikan model sistem pengelolaan guru profesional di era otonomi daerah untuk meningkatkan mutu pendidikan di Indonesia  secara umum, di tingkat pusat, propinsi, maupun kabupaten atau kota sesuai dengan peran dan wewenang masingmasing. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kebijakan. Studi ini dilakukan terhadap sampel sebanyak 510 orang guru Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan, 293 orang kepala sekolah atau  wakil kepala sekolah, dan 32 orang kepala dinas pendidikan Propinsi, Kabupaten atau Kota. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan metode survei. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa (1 permasalahan yang berkaitan dengan pengadaan guru Sekolah Menegah Kejuruan bersumber pada tiga hal yaitu ketidaksesuaian kualifikasi guru dengan kualifikasi pelamar, formasi tidak sesuai dengan kebutuhan, dan mutasi guru SMK yang tidak didasarkan pada kualifikasi guru, (2 belum seluruh guru Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan dapat melakukan kegiatan ilmiah terutama menulis karya ilmiah, (3 sistem jenjang karir yang selama ini berjalan kurang memenuhi harapan, (4 forum peningkatan kompetensi professional sangat tinggi pengaruhnya pada pengembangan profesi guru, (5 praktik penilaian kompetensi guru selama ini didominasi oleh kepala sekolah, dan (6 supervisor yang selama ini berlangsung sudah memenuhi syarat.

  6. Decadal prediction skill in the GEOS-5 forecast system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ham, Yoo-Geun; Rienecker, Michele M.; Suarez, Max J.; Vikhliaev, Yury; Zhao, Bin; Marshak, Jelena; Vernieres, Guillaume; Schubert, Siegfried D.

    2014-01-01

    A suite of decadal predictions has been conducted with the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office's (GMAO's) GEOS-5 Atmosphere-Ocean general circulation model. The hind casts are initialized every December 1st from 1959 to 2010, following the CMIP5 experimental protocol for decadal predictions. The initial conditions are from a multi-variate ensemble optimal interpolation ocean and sea-ice reanalysis, and from GMAO's atmospheric reanalysis, the modern-era retrospective analysis for research and applications. The mean forecast skill of a three-member-ensemble is compared to that of an experiment without initialization but also forced with observed greenhouse gases. The results show that initialization increases the forecast skill of North Atlantic sea surface temperature compared to the uninitialized runs, with the increase in skill maintained for almost a decade over the subtropical and mid-latitude Atlantic. On the other hand, the initialization reduces the skill in predicting the warming trend over some regions outside the Atlantic. The annual-mean atlantic meridional overturning circulation index, which is defined here as the maximum of the zonally-integrated overturning stream function at mid-latitude, is predictable up to a 4-year lead time, consistent with the predictable signal in upper ocean heat content over the North Atlantic. While the 6- to 9-year forecast skill measured by mean squared skill score shows 50 % improvement in the upper ocean heat content over the subtropical and mid-latitude Atlantic, prediction skill is relatively low in the subpolar gyre. This low skill is due in part to features in the spatial pattern of the dominant simulated decadal mode in upper ocean heat content over this region that differ from observations. An analysis of the large-scale temperature budget shows that this is the result of a model bias, implying that realistic simulation of the climatological fields is crucial for skillful decadal forecasts.

  7. Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelaro, Ronald; Putman, William M.; Pawson, Steven; Draper, Clara; Molod, Andrea; Norris, Peter M.; Ott, Lesley; Prive, Nikki; Reale, Oreste; Achuthavarier, Deepthi; hide

    2015-01-01

    This report documents an evaluation by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) of a two-year 7-km-resolution non-hydrostatic global mesoscale simulation produced with the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model. The simulation was produced as a Nature Run for conducting observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs). Generation of the GEOS-5 Nature Run (G5NR) was motivated in part by the desire of the OSSE community for an improved high-resolution sequel to an existing Nature Run produced by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), which has served the community for several years. The intended use of the G5NR in this context is for generating simulated observations to test proposed observing system designs regarding new instruments and their deployments. Because NASA's interest in OSSEs extends beyond traditional weather forecasting applications, the G5NR includes, in addition to standard meteorological components, a suite of aerosol types and several trace gas concentrations, with emissions downscaled to 10 km using ancillary information such as power plant location, population density and night-light information. The evaluation exercise described here involved more than twenty-five GMAO scientists investigating various aspects of the G5NR performance, including time mean temperature and wind fields, energy spectra, precipitation and the hydrological cycle, the representation of waves, tropical cyclones and midlatitude storms, land and ocean surface characteristics, the representation and forcing effects of clouds and radiation, dynamics of the stratosphere and mesosphere, and the representation of aerosols and trace gases. Comparisons are made with observational data sets when possible, as well as with reanalyses and other long model simulations. The evaluation is broad in scope, as it is meant to assess the overall realism of basic aspects of the G5NR deemed relevant to the conduct of OSSEs

  8. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA MADRASAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA MAN MODEL BANDA ACEH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusnidar Yusnidar

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master is one of factors in encouraging the school to reach its vision, mission, aim and target through the planned implemented program. The aim of the study is to know the leadership of the head master of the school in improving the teachers’ commitment, work motivation and obstacles experiencing by the school head master in improving the teachers’ performance at MAN Model Banda Aceh. The study used descriptive method. The data collection techniques were observations, interviews, and documentations. The subjects of this research were the head master of the school and the teachers of MAN Model Banda Aceh. The data analysis of this qualitative analysis shows that: (1 the leadership of the head master of the school in improving working commitment is through empowerment of the training teacher in accordance with their field, class supervision evaluation and interns routinely madrasah supervision, and give reward to outstanding teacher; ( 2 the school head master leadership in improving work motivation is through professionalism work guiding, evaluate the teacher learning program, consensus agreement in time discipline, and intern cooperation with the school head master and guiding teachers; (3 the head master leadership in improving discipline is through applying self discipline of school head master in order to be followed by teachers as the discipline being conducted by the school head master in fully self awareness without any coercion; (4 the obstacles faced by the school head master in improving the teacher performance is because of time restriction in carrying out classroom supervision, guiding professional teachers and evaluate the teachers teaching-learning process, as well as restricted fund allocation in MAN Model Banda Aceh.

  9. Properties of convection in the tropics within high-resolution global GEOS-5 simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putman, W. M.; Suarez, M.; Reale, O.

    2011-12-01

    The NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) has developed a global non-hydrostatic cloud-system resolving capability within the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System global atmospheric model version 5 (GEOS-5) [Putman and Suarez, 2011]. Using a non-hydrostatic finite-volume dynamical core coupled with advances in the moist physics and convective parameterization the model has been used to perform cloud-system resolving experiments at resolutions as fine as 3.5- to 14-km globally. This effort follows the recommendations from the World Modeling Summit for Climate Prediction [Shukla et al, 2009] that the pursuit of global ultra-high resolution climate models should be developed to evaluate global climate change at regional scales. Two-year free running simulations with GEOS-5 at 14- and 10-km globally forced by observed sea surface temperatures and climatological aerosol emissions, know as Nature Runs (NRs), demonstrate the ability of GEOS-5 to predict realistic seasonal variability of tropical cyclone activity in terms of frequency and track location. These NRs provide a satisfactory representation of the motion of the tropical atmosphere on scales ranging from easterly wave propagation to seasonal means. The innovative aspect of these simulations is the capability of representing detailed features of tropical cyclone structure, which are generally seen only in mesoscale regional models. In particular, the scale of the eye and rainbands, the vertical profile of vorticity and divergence, the strength of the thermal warm core, and the intensity of the upper-level outflow, are all realistically represented. These NRs are valuable simulations in assessing the nature of multi-scale tropical convective clusters and their organization within the tropical circulation. Using model derived brightness temperatures and composite global observations the characteristics of these clusters are evaluated with respect to size, temperature and global distribution. The role of

  10. KOMPETENSI GURU IPS DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS PEDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH KOTA TERNATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suardi Kader

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek penelitian terdiri atas: semua guru, kepala sekolah, dan siswa sebagai responden. Objek penelitian ini adalah kompetensi guru dalam menerapkan berbagai metode untuk pendidikan karakter  pada pembelajaran IPS yang terintegrasi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara, dokumentasi dan observasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis kualitatif model induktif. Hasil penelitian adalah sebagai berikut: (1 Kompetensi guru IPS dalam pedidikan karakter di SMP Muhammadiyah 1 dan 2 Kota Ternate belum memuaskan. Hal ini disebabkan oleh guru IPS masih kurang memiliki wawasan dasar keilmuan karakter. Di samping itu juga, guru belum aktif dan kreatif, serta memiliki kemampuan untuk mengembangkan wawasan pendidikan karakter ke dalam mata pelajaran IPS. (2 Metode pembelajaran IPS di SMP Muhammadiyah 1 dan SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kota Ternate masih cenderung bersifat konvensional, yaitu ceramah. (3 Kendala-kendala yang ditemukan  dalam pembelajaran pendidikan karakter di SMP Muhammadiyah 1 dan SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kota Ternate yaitu berasal dari guru, sarana, dan prasarana yang belum memadai, lemahnya kesadaran peserta didik, dana dan pembiayaan yang masih kurang, program pembelajaran, pembinaan karakter karena masih kurangnya pemahaman dari pembina atau guru, serta buku-buku penunjang yang digunakan untuk kepentingan proses pembelajaran. Kata kunci: kompetensi guru IPS, pembelajaran, dan pendidikan karakter

  11. Implementasi dan Kendala Pelaksanaan Pembinaan Profesional Guru di Sekolah Menengah Umum Melalui Program Guru Magang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Sunendiari

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh tidak meratanya kualitas pendidikan antar sekolah. Salah satu penyebabnya adalah kemampuan guru. Kemampuan guru ini akan terus meningkat dan berkembang apabila dilakukan pembinaan secara berkesinambungan dan sistematis. Salah satu bentuk pembinaan guru yang dapat dilakukan adalah pembinaan profesional guru melalui program guru magang. Adapun tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi teknik-teknik pembinaan tingkat pelaksanaan, tingkat pengetahuan guru pembina, tingkat kesulitan dan kendala yang dihadapi baik oleh guru pembina maupun guru magang serta hasil yang dicapai melalui meningkatnya kemampuan siswa dilihat dari hasil rata-rata siswa sebelum dan setelah guru itu dimagangkan. Sampel diambil secara acak sebanyak 17 guru pembina, 20 guru magang, dan siswa dari sekolah yang dimagangkan. Data dikumpulkan melalui angket dan tes. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa teknik pembinaan yang digunakan adalah: Kunjungan Kelas (KK, Pertemuan Pribadi (PP, Rapat Dewan Guru (RDG, Kunjungan Antar Sekolah (KAS, Kunjungan Antar Kelas (KAS, dan Pertemuan dalam Kelompok Kerja (PKK. Pada pelaksanaannya, semua teknik telah dilaksanakan dengan baik, hanya teknik pelaksanaan kunjungan antar kelas yang masih berada pada kategori Cukup. Tingkat pengetahuan guru pembina yang berada pada kategori Baik adalah Kunjungan Kelas, sedangkan teknik yang lainnya masih berada pada kategori cukup. Tingkat kesulitan yang dihadapi guru pembina dan guru magang dengan persentase tertinggi dalam kategori sangat sulit adalah kunjungan antar sekolah. Kendala utama yang dirasakan oleh guru pembina dan guru magang adalah terbatasnya waktu dan biaya yang dimiliki. Kendala lainnya adalah terbatasnya kemampuan profesional yang dimiliki dan kurangnya informasi tentang petunjuk pelaksanaan teknik-teknik pembinaan. Sedangkan kemampuan siswa menunjukkan nilai rata-rata kenaikan yang masih rendah. Hal ini mungkin disebabkan oleh masih rendahnya

  12. Evaluation of GEOS-5 sulfur dioxide simulations during the Frostburg, MD 2010 field campaign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Buchard

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Sulfur dioxide (SO2 is a major atmospheric pollutant with a strong anthropogenic component mostly produced by the combustion of fossil fuel and other industrial activities. As a precursor of sulfate aerosols that affect climate, air quality, and human health, this gas needs to be monitored on a global scale. Global climate and chemistry models including aerosol processes along with their radiative effects are important tools for climate and air quality research. Validation of these models against in-situ and satellite measurements is essential to ascertain the credibility of these models and to guide model improvements. In this study the Goddard Chemistry, Aerosol, Radiation, and Transport (GOCART module running on-line inside the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5 model is used to simulate aerosol and SO2 concentrations. Data taken in November 2010 over Frostburg, Maryland during an SO2 field campaign involving ground instrumentation and aircraft are used to evaluate GEOS-5 simulated SO2 concentrations. Preliminary data analysis indicated the model overestimated surface SO2 concentration, which motivated the examination of mixing processes in the model and the specification of SO2 anthropogenic emission rates. As a result of this analysis, a revision of anthropogenic emission inventories in GEOS-5 was implemented, and the vertical placement of SO2 sources was updated. Results show that these revisions improve the model agreement with observations locally and in regions outside the area of this field campaign. In particular, we use the ground-based measurements collected by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA for the year 2010 to evaluate the revised model simulations over North America.

  13. Evaluation of GEOS-5 Sulfur Dioxide Simulations During the Frostburg, MD 2010 Field Campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchard, V.; Da Silva, A. M.; Colarco, P.; Krotkov, N.; Dickerson, R. R.; Stehr, J. W.; Mount, G.; Spenei, E.; Arkinson, H. L.; He, H.

    2013-01-01

    Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a major atmospheric pollutant with a strong anthropogenic component mostly produced by the combustion of fossil fuel and other industrial activities. As a precursor of sulfate aerosols that affect climate, air quality, and human health, this gas needs to be monitored on a global scale. Global climate and chemistry models including aerosol processes along with their radiative effects are important tools for climate and air quality research. Validation of these models against in-situ and satellite measurements is essential to ascertain the credibility of these models and to guide model improvements. In this study the Goddard Chemistry, Aerosol, Radiation, and Transport (GOCART) module running on-line inside the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) model is used to simulate aerosol and SO2 concentrations. Data taken in November 2010 over Frostburg, Maryland during an SO2 field campaign involving ground instrumentation and aircraft are used to evaluate GEOS-5 simulated SO2 concentrations. Preliminary data analysis indicated the model overestimated surface SO2 concentration, which motivated the examination of mixing processes in the model and the specification of SO2 anthropogenic emission rates. As a result of this analysis, a revision of anthropogenic emission inventories in GEOS-5 was implemented, and the vertical placement of SO2 sources was updated. Results show that these revisions improve the model agreement with observations locally and in regions outside the area of this field campaign. In particular, we use the ground-based measurements collected by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) for the year 2010 to evaluate the revised model simulations over North America.

  14. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN DAN KOMUNIKASI GURU TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Husin

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah seberapa besar pengaruh kepemimpinan dan komunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XII jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran yang terdiri dari 77 siswa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh yang positif pada kepemimpinan guru dan komunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa. Dalam upaya meningkatkan motivasi belajar siwa hendaknya kepemimpinan guru diterapkan pada siswa sehingga guru dapat membimbing dan mendorong siswa untuk lebih giat belajar, guru diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kemampuan komunikasinya agar pada saat penyampaian materi dapat diterima siwa dengan baik. Kata Kunci : Motivasi Belajar, Kepemimpinan Guru, Komunikasi Guru

  15. Asesmen Kebutuhan Pengembangan Profesionalisme Guru SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canni Loren Sianturi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kebutuhan pengembangan profesionalisme guru SMK RSBI. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMKN 3 Malang dengan menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif dan rancangan studi kasus. Instrumen kunci penelitian adalah peneliti sendiri dan informannya adalah guru, siswa, dan orangtua siswa. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan teknik wawancara, observasi, dan studi dokumentasi. Peneliti menggunakan triangulasi, member check, dan expert judgement, untuk menjamin keabsahan temuan penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa berdasarkan karakteristik kompetensi guru, kebutuhan primer pengembangan profesionalisme guru adalah diklat tentang konsep dasar dan penerapan pembelajaran berbasis character building, bilingual, ICT, dan cara melaksanakan PTK, kebutuhan sekundernya adalah workshop strategi peningkatan kinerja dan keterampilan guru dalam berkomunikasi dan bekerja sama dengan stakeholders; berdasarkan bentuk, lokasi, dan waktu pelaksanaan kegiatan pengembangan profesionalismenya dibuat dalam bentuk belajar secara teori dan praktik, dilaksanakan di lokasi yang mudah dijangkau tanpa harus meninggalkan tugas di sekolah dan keluarga, dan intensitasnya ditingkatkan. Kata kunci: asesmen kebutuhan, pengembangan profesionalisme, profesionalisme guru

  16. PENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL CALON GURU MELALUI LESSON STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Rahmawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakProgram pengalaman lapangan (PPL merupakan salah satu matakuliah wajib yang harus ditempuh oleh setiap mahasiswa semester VII di Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro. Permasalahan yang sering muncul dalam proses pelaksanaan PPL diantaranya kurang maksimalknya komunikasi antara mahasiswa dengan guru pamong ataupun dengan dosen pembimbing lapangan. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut maka diterapkan PPL berbasis lesson study. Lesson Study merupakan suatu model pembinaan terhadap orang yang berprofesi sebagai pendidik baik guru ataupun dosen melalui pengkajian pembelajaran secara kolaboratif dan berkelanjutan dalam membangun komunitas belajar. Penelitian dilaksakan di SM Kartikatama Metro, SMA Kartikatama Metro dan SMK  Karikatama 1Metro denga jumlah 31 mahasiswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif yaitu mengembangkan kompetensi profesioal calon guru melalui PPL berbasis lesson study. Lesson study yang dilakukan dikolaborasikan dengan kegiatan Penelitian Tindakan (Action Reseach. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dua siklus, adapun setiap siklusnya meliputi perencanaan (plan, pelakasnaan (do dan observasi serta refleksi (see. Hasil pelaksanaan siklus I dan siklus II menunjukkan adanya peningkatan profesional calon guru melalui kegiatan lesson study walaupun belum terjadi peningkatan pada semua indikator. Dalam penelitian ini indikator kompetensi profesionalisme yang diamati meliput:1 Kemampuan membuka pembelajaran, 2 Penguasaan materi pembelajaran, 3 Penguasaan penggunaan pendekatan/strategi  pembelajaran, 4 Pemanfaatan sumber belajar/media, 5 Gaya dan penggunaan bahasa, 6 Penilaian proses dan hasil belajar, 7 Kemampuan menutup pembelajaran. Berdasarkan pembahasan singkat di atas dapat disimpulkan bahwa model proses PPL berbasis lesson study dapat meningkatkan kompetensi profesional calon guru dan penggunakan lesson study dalam proses PPL mahasiswa menyatakan lebih siap dalam melaksanakan

  17. Assimilating EOS-Aura OMI and MLS Data in GEOS-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawson, Steven; Xu, Philippe; Douglass, Anne R.; Olsen, Mark; Strahan, Susan; Nielsen, J. Eric; McKee, Nicole; Sienkiewicz, Meta; Wargan, Krzysztof

    2009-01-01

    Data assimilation is a potentially powerful method of extracting the maximum amount of information from observed data by combining their information with models. in this application, we will use stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from EOS MLS and total column amounts retrieved from OMI' along with the GEOS-5 GCM, that includes a representation of ozone chemistry and transport. The presentation will discuss how well we can derive tropospheric ozone column information in this system, including its sensitivity to model errors and some assumptions made in the assimilation system. We discuss also ozone structures in the tropopause region and their sensitivity to model resolution and other fact=ors. An important issue we examine is how much more information we obtain from ozone assimilation than from model studies using state of the art chemistry models - answering such questions helps determine how useful ozone assimilation really is, given our present capabilities in chemical modeling.

  18. Assimilating EOS-Aura OMI and MLS Data in GEOS-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawson, Steven; Xu, Philippe; Douglass, Anne R.; Olsen, Mark; Strahan, Susan; Nielsen, J. Eric; McKee, Nicole; Sienkiewicz, Meta; Wargan, Krzysztof

    2009-01-01

    Data assimilation is a potentially powerful method of extracting the maximum amount of information from observed data by combining their information with models. in this application, we will use stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from EOS MLS and total column amounts retrieved from OMI' along with the GEOS-5 GCM, that includes a representation of ozone chemistry and transport. The presentation will discuss how well we can derive tropospheric ozone column information in this system, including its sensitivity to model errors and some assumptions made in the assimilation system. We discuss also ozone structures in the tropopause region and their sensitivity to model resolution and other fact=ors. An important issue we examine is how much more information we obtain from ozone assimilation than from model studies using state of the art chemistry models - answering such questions helps determine how useful ozone assimilation really is, given our present capabilities in chemical modeling.

  19. PENGARUH PELATIHAN GURU, KOMPETENSI GURU DAN PEMANFAATAN SARANA PRASARANA TERHADAP KESIAPAN GURU PRODI BISNIS MANAJEMEN DALAM IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Septian Fuji Yama

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Kurikulum 2013 merupakan kurikulum yang saat ini diterapkan di Indonesia. Kurikulum 2013 membawa perubahan mendasar pada guru dalam pembelajaran. Oleh karena itu guru dituntut untuk menyiapkan dirinya dalam melaksanakan kurikulum 2013. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Populasi dan sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah guru prodi bisnis manajemen di SMK N 1 Purbalingga Tahun Ajaran 2014/2015 yaitu guru program pendidikan akuntansi, administrasi perkantoran, dan pemasaran berjumlah 24 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu sampel jenuh. Metode yang digunakan dalam dalam pengambilan data adalah angket. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif persentase dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini secara statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh secara simultan dan parsial pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah guru harus berupaya menambah wawasan mengenai kurikulum 2013 dan guru lebih mengembangkan kompetensi kepribadiannya serta guru harus mempersiapkan dirinya untuk memahami pemanfaatan sumber belajar. Curriculum 2013 is the curriculum applied in Indonesia recently. It brings fundamental changes in teachers’ teaching and learning. Thus, teachers are required to prepare themselves in implementing curriculum 2013. The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is influence of teacher training, teacher competence, and infrastructure towards manajement business department teacher’s readiness in curriculum 2013 implementation in SMK N 1 Purbalingga. The population of this study was manajement business department teachers in

  20. Pemberdayaan Guru dalam Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa SD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatag Yuli Eko Siswono

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Empowering Mathematics Teachers to Improve Creative Thinking of Elementary-School Students. This experimental study is intended to develop mathematics teachers’ competences in designing teaching and learning strategies that enhance students’ creative thinking. In addition, the study portrays teachers’ creative thinking as well as their competences in planning and implementing problem-solving and problem-posing teaching models. Utilizing a pre-test post-test single group design, this study involved mathematics teachers of the third, fourth, and sixth grades of two elementary schools. The results suggest that the teachers’ creative thinking is of good level; they are creative enough in solving and posing mathematical problems as reflected in their mean score of 92.6. Their competences in planning and implementinglie in good category. Overall, it can be concluded that the teachers are professionally empowered in develo ping students’ creative thinking. Abstrak: Pemberdayaan Guru dalam Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa SD. Implementasi pembelajaran matematika di SD untuk mendorong berpikir kreatif masih lemah. Penelitian ini bertujuan memberdayakan guru-guru SD dalam mengembangkan pembelajaran matematika yang memberi bekal kemampuan berpikir kreatif dan memberikan gambaran kemampuan berpikir kreatif guru dan kemampuannya merencanakan serta mengimplementasikan model pembelajaran pengajuan dan pemecahan masalah matematika. Penelitian eksperimen rancangan pretes postes kelompok tunggal sekaligus deskriptif dilakukan terhadap masing-masing dua guru kelas III, IV, dan V SD di kabupaten Sidoarjo. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan berpikir kreatif guru SD berada pada tingkat lebih dari cukup kreatif, dan hasil rata-rata kemampuannya dalam memecahkan dan membuat soal adalah 92,6. Kemampuan guru dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran termasuk kategori lebih dari “baik”. Disimpulkan bahwa

  1. The Impact of Horizontal and Temporal Resolution on Convection and Precipitation with High-Resolution GEOS-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putman, William P.

    2012-01-01

    Using a high-resolution non-hydrostatic version of GEOS-5 with the cubed-sphere finite-volume dynamical core, the impact of spatial and temporal resolution on cloud properties will be evaluated. There are indications from examining convective cluster development in high resolution GEOS-5 forecasts that the temporal resolution within the model may playas significant a role as horizontal resolution. Comparing modeled convective cloud clusters versus satellite observations of brightness temperature, we have found that improved. temporal resolution in GEOS-S accounts for a significant portion of the improvements in the statistical distribution of convective cloud clusters. Using satellite simulators in GEOS-S we will compare the cloud optical properties of GEOS-S at various spatial and temporal resolutions with those observed from MODIS. The potential impact of these results on tropical cyclone formation and intensity will be examined as well.

  2. GURU v2.0: An interactive Graphical User interface to fit rheometer curves in Han’s model for rubber vulcanization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Milani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A GUI software (GURU for experimental data fitting of rheometer curves in Natural Rubber (NR vulcanized with sulphur at different curing temperatures is presented. Experimental data are automatically loaded in GURU from an Excel spreadsheet coming from the output of the experimental machine (moving die rheometer. To fit the experimental data, the general reaction scheme proposed by Han and co-workers for NR vulcanized with sulphur is considered. From the simplified kinetic scheme adopted, a closed form solution can be found for the crosslink density, with the only limitation that the induction period is excluded from computations. Three kinetic constants must be determined in such a way to minimize the absolute error between normalized experimental data and numerical prediction. Usually, this result is achieved by means of standard least-squares data fitting. On the contrary, GURU works interactively by means of a Graphical User Interface (GUI to minimize the error and allows an interactive calibration of the kinetic constants by means of sliders. A simple mouse click on the sliders allows the assignment of a value for each kinetic constant and a visual comparison between numerical and experimental curves. Users will thus find optimal values of the constants by means of a classic trial and error strategy. An experimental case of technical relevance is shown as benchmark.

  3. File Specification for the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run, Ganymed Release Non-Hydrostatic 7-km Global Mesoscale Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Arlindo M.; Putman, William; Nattala, J.

    2014-01-01

    This document describes the gridded output files produced by a two-year global, non-hydrostatic mesoscale simulation for the period 2005-2006 produced with the non-hydrostatic version of GEOS-5 Atmospheric Global Climate Model (AGCM). In addition to standard meteorological parameters (wind, temperature, moisture, surface pressure), this simulation includes 15 aerosol tracers (dust, sea-salt, sulfate, black and organic carbon), O3, CO and CO2. This model simulation is driven by prescribed sea-surface temperature and sea-ice, daily volcanic and biomass burning emissions, as well as high-resolution inventories of anthropogenic sources. A description of the GEOS-5 model configuration used for this simulation can be found in Putman et al. (2014). The simulation is performed at a horizontal resolution of 7 km using a cubed-sphere horizontal grid with 72 vertical levels, extending up to to 0.01 hPa (approximately 80 km). For user convenience, all data products are generated on two logically rectangular longitude-latitude grids: a full-resolution 0.0625 deg grid that approximately matches the native cubed-sphere resolution, and another 0.5 deg reduced-resolution grid. The majority of the full-resolution data products are instantaneous with some fields being time-averaged. The reduced-resolution datasets are mostly time-averaged, with some fields being instantaneous. Hourly data intervals are used for the reduced-resolution datasets, while 30-minute intervals are used for the full-resolution products. All full-resolution output is on the model's native 72-layer hybrid sigma-pressure vertical grid, while the reduced-resolution output is given on native vertical levels and on 48 pressure surfaces extending up to 0.02 hPa. Section 4 presents additional details on horizontal and vertical grids. Information of the model surface representation can be found in Appendix B. The GEOS-5 product is organized into file collections that are described in detail in Appendix C. Additional

  4. The Major Stratospheric Sudden Warming of January 2013: Analyses and Forecasts in the GEOS-5 Data Assimilation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coy, Lawrence; Pawson, Steven

    2014-01-01

    We examine the major stratosphere sudden warming (SSW) that occurred on 6 January 2013, using output from the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) GEOS-5 (Goddard Earth Observing System) near-real-time data assimilation system (DAS). Results show that the major SSW of January 2013 falls into the vortex splitting type of SSW, with the initial planetary wave breaking occurring near 10 hPa. The vertical flux of wave activity at the tropopause responsible for the SSW occurred mainly in the Pacific Hemisphere, including the a pulse associated with the preconditioning of the polar vortex by wave 1 identified on 23 December 2012. While most of the vertical wave activity flux was in the Pacific Hemisphere, a rapidly developing tropospheric weather system over the North Atlantic on 28 December is shown to have produced a strong transient upward wave activity flux into the lower stratosphere coinciding with the peak of the SSW event. In addition, the GEOS-5 5-day forecasts accurately predicted the major SSW of January 2013 as well as the upper tropospheric disturbances responsible for the warming. The overall success of the 5-day forecasts provides motivation to produce regular 10-day forecasts with GEOS-5, to better support studies of stratosphere-troposphere interaction.

  5. Guru Sahabat Siswa: Program Kesehatan Reproduksi bagi Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rieka Esti Saraswati

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The issue of reproductive health is increasing year by year. Proper understanding of reproductive healt his absolutely necessary for students at school. Teacher is one of the important part in learning process, so teachers must have an understanding of reproductive healt has well as sufficient skills to deliver it properly to the students. The purpose of this study is to know the effectiveness of the "Guru Sahabat Siswa” program to increase teachers’ skills to become facilitators in a group discussion on reproductive health theme. The study involves 16 teachers in Junior High School in Yogyakarta. The research will be applied by using the experimental untreated control group design with pretest and post test. This program was proved for improving teachers' skills to be a facilitator in group discussions about reproductive health (F=14,411, p

  6. Pengembangan Kepribadian Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nursyamsi Nursyamsi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The close relationship between students and a teacher is psychologically important in the school teaching and learning process. The teacher’s personality and character serves as model and becomes the source of inspiration for the students.  The quality of psychological relationship between students and teacher can only be realized if it is supported by teacher’s good personality. It is the quality of teacher’s total attitude and behaviour, and therefore, constitutes the main requirement for optimum teaching and learning process. The original meaning of the term ‘personality’ as quoted from the experts suggests that it is a dynamic organization of psychopysic that determines one’s behaviour, thoughts, and character.  Such character and personality can be identified as an individual quality which is manifested through consistence behavioural patterns in respond to the environment.  In Islamic point of view, one’s personal behaviour and attitude is determined by his or her obedience to the God alone. A teacher’s honor is part of his or her most important personality in realizing his/her professional tasks.  Therefore, he or she must be able to recognize and develop this personal pride as well as possible.Copyright © 2014 by Al-Ta'lim All right reservedDOI: 10.15548/jt.v21i1.70

  7. PROFIL PENGEMBANGAN PROFESIONAL GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Sutrisno

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is to describe the developent of pedagogical competence, professional competence, personal competence, and social competence of the International Standard Pioneer School in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung. The focus in this study were teacher professional development  of the international  standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung, by observing the development of pedagogical competence, competence professional, personal competence, and social competence of the international   standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung. The study is the qualitative research with the ethnography approach. This research was conducted in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung year 2010/2011, the source of the data  obtained  from  the  principal,  vice  principal,  head  of  the  International  Standard Pioneer School programs, teachers, librarians, and students. Data collected by in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. Validity of the data was done by triangulation techniques. Analysis of the data used is a model of interactive analysis.   The results of this research can be concluded that the development of pedagogical competence of teachers  of the international   standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung teachers include longer emphasizes the management aspects of learning, the development of  professional competence include the  aspect  of  improving the  skills  and  aspects of knowledge, competence development aspects of personality include mental, spiritual, and the  formation  of  professional  ethics  that  provides  a  change  in  attitude  teachers  in managing learning, while the component that was developed in the social competence includes the development of emotional intelligence, and development of teachers' roles in professional organizations (MGMP. Developed in the fourth aspect is the competence of the teacher

  8. ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN GURU KIMIA TERHADAP MATERIAL KURIKULUM MODEL “ATK” DAN POLA EDUKASI “ADIR”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momo Rosbiono

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research initiated from the problems there are low quality of chemistry teacher comprehend in academic knowledge. The main goals of this research was to comprehend what model of ”Curriculum Materials” (CM and “Amalgamation Teacher Knowledge” (ATK educative framework were needed by chemistry teacher?. The research conducted by using descriptive method which express phenomenon are there him. The subject of this research were the Candidate of Chemistry Teachers which out-going in program of Profession Training and Education (PTE at Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education, Indonesia University of Education and Chemistry Teachers from Group Discussion of Chemistry Teacher (GDCT at Karawang. The data were collected through questionnaires and analysis form of teacher academic needs. The data analysis technique worked through qualitative and quantitative techniques. Based on the empirical and theoretical analysis the research findings which resulted were: (1 The CM with ATK model was relevance with academic chemistry teacher needs, this model illustrated the integration of essential concepts of curriculum, chemistry subject matter, chemistry teaching, professional development of chemistry teacher, and academic skills of chemistry teacher through “key formulas”; (2 the CM structure that relevance for chemistry teacher academic needs was included the objectives formulation, subject matter description, questions, training tasks, and answer keys; (3 the CM content that relevance for chemistry teacher academic needs was included the essential concepts of curriculum, chemistry content, chemistry teaching, professional development of chemistry teacher, and academic skills of chemistry teacher; (4 the educative framework that effectively for using CM was guidance and training through the mechanism of “absorbing, doing, interacting, and reflecting” (ADIR. Key words: curriculum material, ATK model, ADIR

  9. The Modulation of Tropical Storm Activity in the Western North Pacific by the Madden-Julian Oscillation in GEOS-5 AGCM Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dongmin; Lee, Myong-In; Kim, Hye-Mi; Schubert, Siegfried D.; Yoo, Jin Ho

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) on tropical storm (TS) activity in the western North Pacific, using observations and GEOS-5 simulations at 50-km horizontal resolution. While GEOS-5 produces an MJO of faster propagation and weaker amplitude, it nevertheless reproduces the observed modulation of TS activity by the MJO with the highest TS genesis and increased track density in the active phases of MJO. The study suggests that the simulation of the sub-seasonal variability of TS activity could be improved by improving the simulations of the MJO in climate models.

  10. PENGETAHUAN TENTANG STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN, SIKAP, DAN MOTIVASI GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadan Suryana

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak: Pengetahuan tentang Strategi Pembelajaran, Sikap dan Motivasi Guru. Penelitian ini ber­tujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pengaruh pengetahuan tentang strategi pembelajaran, sikap dan motivasi guru terhadap hasil belajar anak melalui metode survai. Sampel penelitian adalah 25 orang guru Taman Kanak-kanak di Kecamatan Koto Tangah, Kota Padang. Data dikumpulkan dengan cara wawancara dan penyebaran angket serta dukungan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan tentang strategi pembelajaran, sikap dan motivasi guru berpengaruh langsung terhadap hasil belajar anak.

  11. Classification of Clouds and Deep Convection from GEOS-5 Using Satellite Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putman, William; Suarez, Max

    2010-01-01

    With the increased resolution of global atmospheric models and the push toward global cloud resolving models, the resemblance of model output to satellite observations has become strikingly similar. As we progress with our adaptation of the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) as a high resolution cloud system resolving model, evaluation of cloud properties and deep convection require in-depth analysis beyond a visual comparison. Outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) provides a sufficient comparison with infrared (IR) satellite imagery to isolate areas of deep convection. We have adopted a binning technique to generate a series of histograms for OLR which classify the presence and fraction of clear sky versus deep convection in the tropics that can be compared with a similar analyses of IR imagery from composite Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) observations. We will present initial results that have been used to evaluate the amount of deep convective parameterization required within the model as we move toward cloud system resolving resolutions of 10- to 1-km globally.

  12. SISTEM INFORMASI PENETAPAN ANGKA KREDIT (PAK UNTUK KENAIKAN PANGKAT PADA JABATAN FUNGSIONAL GURU (STUDY KASUS DINAS PENDIDIKAN KOTA XYZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amiq Fahmi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Penetapan Angka Kredit (PAK adalah hasil penilaian yang diberikan berdasarkan angka kredit untuk pengangkatan dan kenaikan pangkat dalam jabatan guru dalam penilaiannya, unsur yang digunakan meliputi unsur utama dan unsur penunjang. Unsur utama meliputi Pendidikan, Prose Belajar Mengajar (PBM, Bimbingan dan konseling, Pengembangan Profesi. Unsur penunjang meliputi Pengabdian Masyarakat, dan Pendukung Pendidikan. Penelitian dilakukan di Dinas Pendidikan Kota XYZ, Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah model System Development Life Cycle (SDLC untuk membangun perangkat lunak Penetapan Angka Kredit Guru meliputi tahapan Analisis, Desain, dan Testing/Implementasi. Hasil dari development berupa perangkat lunak Sistem Informasi berbasis komputer yang dapat digunakan sebagai alat bantu dalam pengumpulan dan pencatatan data, penghitungan dan penetapan angka kredit, serta menghasilkan informasi yang relevan untuk membantu dan mempermudah bagian sekretariat  di Dinas Pendidikan Kota XYZ dalam urusan pelayanan dan pelaksanaan penilaian angka kredit untuk pengajuan kenaikan pangkat guru. Kata kunci : Guru, Unsur Utama, Unsur Penunjang, Penetapan Angka Kredit.

  13. Comparison of GEOS-5 AGCM planetary boundary layer depths computed with various definitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. L. McGrath-Spangler

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Accurate models of planetary boundary layer (PBL processes are important for forecasting weather and climate. The present study compares seven methods of calculating PBL depth in the GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM over land. These methods depend on the eddy diffusion coefficients, bulk and local Richardson numbers, and the turbulent kinetic energy. The computed PBL depths are aggregated to the Köppen climate classes, and some limited comparisons are made using radiosonde profiles. Most methods produce similar midday PBL depths, although in the warm, moist climate classes, the bulk Richardson number method gives midday results that are lower than those given by the eddy diffusion coefficient methods. Additional analysis revealed that methods sensitive to turbulence driven by radiative cooling produce greater PBL depths, this effect being most significant during the evening transition. Nocturnal PBLs based on Richardson number are generally shallower than eddy diffusion coefficient based estimates. The bulk Richardson number estimate is recommended as the PBL height to inform the choice of the turbulent length scale, based on the similarity to other methods during the day, and the improved nighttime behavior.

  14. PENINGKATAN MUTU KINERJA GURU MELALUI SUPERVISI AKADEMIK DI SMK NEGERI 1 SALATIGA MENGHADAPI PKG 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wida Damayanti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi permasalahan yang muncul dalam pelaksanaan Penilaian Kinerja Guru 2015 yang belum efektif dan program supervisi akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga yang belum berjalan sesuai dengan yang diharapkan. Dari latar belakang tersebut permasalahan yang akan dibahas adalah; 1 Bagaimana Program Penilaian Kinerja Guru (PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga? 2 Apa kendala-kendala yang dihadapi dalam pelaksanaan Program PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga? 3 Bagaimana cara mengatasi kendala-kendala program PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga untuk menghadapi Penilaian Kinerja Guru 2016? Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah untuk ; 1 Memberikan gambaran mendalam tentang Program PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga 2 Mengetahui kendala-kendala yang dihadapi dalam pelaksanaan program PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga 3 Memberikan masukan untuk perbaikan Program Supervisi Akademik untuk meningkatkan mutu kinerja guru di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Jenis penelitian ini adalah evaluasi program dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan menganalisis program Penilaian Kinerja Guru dan supervisi akademik yang dijalankan dalam bentuk studi kasus (case study. Model Evaluasi penelitian ini adalah Goal free Evaluation Model  (Scriven dengan SWOT Analysis (Strengths Weakness, Opportunities, Threats IFAS (Internal Factors Analysis Summary dan EFAS (Eksternal Factors Analysis Summary. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Sumber informasi  penelitian adalah kepala sekolah, guru/ tenaga kependidikan dan tenaga non kependidikan di lingkungan SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Untuk mengecek keabsahan data, penulis menggunakan teknik triangulasi, yaitu 1 Triangulasi data 2 Triagulasi teknik 3 Triangulasi sumber. Hasil Penelitian dapat dideskripsikan bahwa Program Penilaian Kinerja guru dan Program

  15. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU MENGEMBANGKAN PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA JAWA BERBASIS SOSIAL BUDAYA SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esti Sudi Utami

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Kegiatan ini merupakan desiminasi hasil penelitian. Penelitian mengungkap bahwa pembelajaran bahasa Jawa di SMA kurang didukung oleh kesiapan yang baik. Pengajar bahasa Jawa mayoritas dari bidang studi lain. Kurikulum muatan lokal kurang dipahami secara konseptual. Kompetensi komunikatif siswa rendah. Penelitian merekomendasikan perlunya pengembangan pembelajaran muatan lokal bahasa Jawa mampu menyentuh kebutuhan sosial budaya yang relevan dengan konteks lingkungan siswa. Untuk itu guru perlu dilatih mengembangkan model pembelajarannya. Metode yang digunakan adalah pedagogi partisipasi kolaboratif dengan menekankan latihan dan partisipasi aktif peserta. Akhir kegiatan, guru dapat menyusun materi dan rancangan pembelajaran sesuai dengan kebutuhan komunikatif dan sosial budaya siswa. Kata kunci:pembelajaran, sosial budaya

  16. BURNOUT DI KALANGAN GURU PENDIDIKAN LUAR BIASA DI KOTA BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayne Trikora Wardhani

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara perilaku koping dan kepuasan kerja dengan burnout pada guru SLB di Kota Bandung. Sumber data penelitian ini adalah guru SLB di Kota Bandung sebanyak 202 orang yang dipilih menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan diadaptasi dari Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach, 1976 dan skala Perilaku Koping dan skala Kepuasan Kerja dalam Occupational Stress Indicator dari Cooper, Sloan, & William (1986. Data hasil penelitian dianalisa menggunakan uji statistik Multi Regression Analysis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan; (1 perilaku koping (X1 berhubungan secara negatif dan signifikan dengan burnout yang dialami guru SLB (Y, (2 kepuasan kerja  (X2 berhubungan secara negatif dan signifikan dengan burnout yang dialami guru SLB (Y, dan  (3 Perilaku koping (X1 dan Kepuasan Kerja (X2 secara bersama-sama dapat memprediksi secara signifikan terhadap burnout guru SLB (Y. Kata Kunci: Pendidikan, Guru, Burnout, Kepuasan Kerja, Perilaku Koping

  17. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU DENGAN PENDEKATAN ANALYSIS HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reni Daharti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Seorang guru sebagai seorang pendidik merupakan komponen penting dalam proses pendidikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1 menganalisis profil guru SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal, (2 menganalisis prioritas kebijakan dalam meningkatkan kompetensi guru di daerah penelitian, (3 menentukan strategi untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru melalui prioritas kebijakan yang dapat diterapkan di daerah penelitian. Respondennya adalah 33 guru SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal. Mereka dipilih dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Selain itu 15 orang dipilih untuk menjadi keyperson. Statistik Deskriptif dan Analisis Hierarchy Process digunakan untuk menganalisis data dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kompetensi pedagogik dan kompetensi profesional guru adalah moderat dan guru memiliki kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial yang tinggi. Hal yang harus ditingkatkan adalah kompetensi guru. Prioritas utama dalam meningkatkan kompetensi guru di Kabupaten Tegal adalah (1 memilih moralitas calon guru 2 menyaring kualitas guru (3 mengirim guru untuk mengikuti berbagai pelatihan untuk meningkatkan karakter mereka.A teacher as an educator is an important component in the educational process. This study aims to (1 analyze the teacher profile of SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal,  (2 analyze the policy priorities in improving the competence of teachers in the study area, (3 determine the strategies for enhancing the competence of teachers through the policy priorities that can be applied in the study area. There are 33 junior high school teachers of SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal as the respondents. They were selected by using simple random sampling. Then, there are also15 key persons. Descriptive Statistics and Analysis Hierarchy Process were used to analyze the data in the study. The results show that pedagogical competence and professional competence are moderate and the teachers have high personality and social competence. The thing that should be

  18. KINERJA GURU SEJARAH: STUDI KAUSAL PADA GURU-GURU SEJARAH SMA DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwito Eko Pramono

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to understand the direct effect of organizational cultures towards performance, leadership towards performance, motivation towards performance, organizational cultures towards motivation, and leadership towards motivation. The sample of those research was 60 history teachers randomly selected. Data collection is carried out with instruments that have been tested for validity and reliability empirically. Data were analyzed with path analysis techniques. The analysis of the results has been obtained the path coefficient , that is ρ41 = 0.226; ρ42 = 0.368; ρ43 = 0.337; ρ31 = 0.330, and ρ32 = 0.570. The result of significance test for each path coefficient is obtained at the price of 2,386 t; 3.510; 3.466; 3.544, and 6.124. While price t table on α 0.05 is 1.986.  Based on the statistical analysis can be concluded that: (1 there is a direct influence of organizational culture towards performance, (2 there is a direct effect of leadership towards performance, (3 there is a direct effect of motivation towards performance, (4 there is a direct influence of organizational culture towards motivation, and (5 there is a direct effect of leadership towards motivation. Keywords: organizational culture, leadership, motivation, performance. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh langsung budaya organisasi terhadap kinerja, kepemimpinan terhadap kinerja, motivasi terhadap kinerja, budaya organisasi terhadap motivasi, dan kepemimpinan terhadap motivasi. Sampel penelitian ini berjumlah 60 orang guru sejarah yang dipilih secara random. Pengumpulan data dilaksanakan dengan instrumen yang telah diuji validitas dan reliabilitasnya secara empiris. Data penelitian dianalisis dengan teknik analisis jalur. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh koefisien jalur sebagai berikut ρ41 = 0,226; ρ42 = 0,368; ρ43 = 0,337; ρ31 = 0,330; dan ρ32 = 0,570.  Hasil uji signifikansi masing-masing koefisien jalur diperoleh harga t sebesar 2,386; 3

  19. Does Guru Granth Sahib describe depression?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalra, Gurvinder; Bhui, Kamaldeep; Bhugra, Dinesh

    2013-01-01

    Sikhism is a relatively young religion, with Guru Granth Sahib as its key religious text. This text describes emotions in everyday life, such as happiness, sadness, anger, hatred, and also more serious mental health issues such as depression and psychosis. There are references to the causation of these emotional disturbances and also ways to get out of them. We studied both the Gurumukhi version and the English translation of the Guru Granth Sahib to understand what it had to say about depression, its henomenology, and religious prescriptions for recovery. We discuss these descriptions in this paper and understand its meaning within the context of clinical depression. Such knowledge is important as explicit descriptions about depression and sadness can help encourage culturally appropriate assessment and treatment, as well as promote public health through education.

  20. The Global Structure of UTLS Ozone in GEOS-5: A Multi-Year Assimilation of EOS Aura Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wargan, Krzysztof; Pawson, Steven; Olsen, Mark A.; Witte, Jacquelyn C.; Douglass, Anne R.; Ziemke, Jerald R.; Strahan, Susan E.; Nielsen, J. Eric

    2015-01-01

    Eight years of ozone measurements retrieved from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and the Microwave Limb Sounder, both on the EOS Aura satellite, have been assimilated into the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) data assimilation system. This study thoroughly evaluates this assimilated product, highlighting its potential for science. The impact of observations on the GEOS-5 system is explored by examining the spatial distribution of the observation-minus-forecast statistics. Independent data are used for product validation. The correlation coefficient of the lower-stratospheric ozone column with ozonesondes is 0.99 and the bias is 0.5%, indicating the success of the assimilation in reproducing the ozone variability in that layer. The upper-tropospheric assimilated ozone column is about 10% lower than the ozonesonde column but the correlation is still high (0.87). The assimilation is shown to realistically capture the sharp cross-tropopause gradient in ozone mixing ratio. Occurrence of transport-driven low ozone laminae in the assimilation system is similar to that obtained from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) above the 400 K potential temperature surface but the assimilation produces fewer laminae than seen by HIRDLS below that surface. Although the assimilation produces 5 - 8 fewer occurrences per day (up to approximately 20%) during the three years of HIRDLS data, the interannual variability is captured correctly. This data-driven assimilated product is complementary to ozone fields generated from chemistry and transport models. Applications include study of the radiative forcing by ozone and tracer transport near the tropopause.

  1. ANTESEDEN KOMITMEN ORGANISASIONAL DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KINERJA TUGAS (JOB PERFORMANCE GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harif Amali Rivai

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe current research examines fit model of relationships among antecedents of organizational commitment (i.e. perceived organizational support, participative leadership style, psychological empowerment and its impact on job performance of teachers. A theoretical model was estimated using senior high school teachers in Padang. Anonym questionnaires were distributed to maintain confidentiality of the respondents. Two hundred eighty two respondents voluntarily participated and included into statistical analysis. The results of testing model using AMOS 16 found that parti¬cipative leadership style and perceived organizational support have significant effect on organiza¬tional commitment of the teachers. Organizational commitment also demonstrated significant im¬pact on job performance of teachers. Meanwhile, psychological empowerment did not significantly influence on organizational commitment. This study provides insight to help police makers how to improve tearchers’ performance. Implication of the research was also discussed in this study.Key words:Perceived organizational support, participative leadership, psychologival empower¬ment, organizational commitment, job performance.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji ketepatan model yang menjelaskan anteseden komitmen organisasional (persepsi atas dukungan organisasional, gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif, pemberdayaan psikologis dan dampaknya terhadap kinerja tugas guru. Model teoritis penelitian diestimasi dengan menggunakan sampel dari guru-guru yang mengajar pada Sekolah Menengah Atas di kota Padang. Kuesioner tanpa nama (anonym didistribusikan untuk menjaga kerahasiaan responden. Sebanyak 282 responden dianalisis dalam penelitian ini. Hasil pengujian dengan menggunakan aplikasi AMOS 16.0. menemukan bahwa model teoritikal dapat memenuhi kriteria goodness of fit model. Hasil penelitian mendukung bahwa variable persepsi yang terdiri dari gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif dan

  2. Horizontal Variability of Water and Its Relationship to Cloud Fraction near the Tropical Tropopause: Using Aircraft Observations of Water Vapor to Improve the Representation of Grid-scale Cloud Formation in GEOS-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selkirk, Henry B.; Molod, Andrea M.

    2014-01-01

    Large-scale models such as GEOS-5 typically calculate grid-scale fractional cloudiness through a PDF parameterization of the sub-gridscale distribution of specific humidity. The GEOS-5 moisture routine uses a simple rectangular PDF varying in height that follows a tanh profile. While below 10 km this profile is informed by moisture information from the AIRS instrument, there is relatively little empirical basis for the profile above that level. ATTREX provides an opportunity to refine the profile using estimates of the horizontal variability of measurements of water vapor, total water and ice particles from the Global Hawk aircraft at or near the tropopause. These measurements will be compared with estimates of large-scale cloud fraction from CALIPSO and lidar retrievals from the CPL on the aircraft. We will use the variability measurements to perform studies of the sensitivity of the GEOS-5 cloud-fraction to various modifications to the PDF shape and to its vertical profile.

  3. PERAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA NEGERI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Tri Susanto

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah dalam pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru di SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Kabupaten Sleman terkait dengan peran kepala sekolah dan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi program pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan model Miles & Huberman, yang meliputi pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 perencanaan pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru dilakukan dengan pembentukan team; (2 jenis pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru yaitu penguasaan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi dalam pembelajaran; (3 melakukan evaluasi dengan membuat form/angket penilaian guru terhadap proses pembelajaran di kelas yang diisi oleh siswa; (4 peran kepala sekolah sebagai: (a pendidik; (b manajer; (c administrator; (d supervisor; (e peran sosial (f penggiat kewirausahaan; (g pemimpin; dan (h pencipta iklim. Kata kunci: peran kepala sekolah, pengembangan, kompetensi profesional guru THE PRINCIPAL’S ROLE IN DEVELOPING TEACHER COMPETENCY IN PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL Abstract This study aims to describe the principal's role in developing professional competence of teachers in SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Sleman, related to the role of principal’s and the planning, implementation, evaluation of teacher professional competence development program. This study used a qualitative approach, with a case study type. The research data were collected through observation, interviews and study documentation. The data analysis is model of Miles & Huberman, which includes data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. Results of the study: (1 the planning of teachers professional competence development is done by forming a team; (2 the type of teachers

  4. TUTURAN MEMUJI OLEH GURU PEREMPUAN DALAM INTERAKSI PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pandu Meidian Pratama

    2016-07-01

    Penelitian tentang tuturan guru perempuan dalam interaksi pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia ini dilandasi oleh pola komunikasi yang terjadi antara guru dan siswa dalam konteks pembelajaran di kelas. Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk mendeskripsikan (1 wujud tuturan memuji, (2 fungsi tuturan memuji, dan (3 modus tuturan memuji yang dituturkan oleh kaum perempuan yang berprofesi sebagai guru bahasa Indonesia. Selain mendeskripsikan wujud, fungsi, dan modus tuturan memuji, penelitian ini juga berusaha mendeskripsikan penggunaan bahasa perempuan dipandang dari sudut pandang budaya dan fitur-fitur yang digunakannya, yaitu (1 tag question, (2 avoidance of strong swear words, (3 superpolite form, (4 emphatic stress, dan (5 intensifiers.

  5. PERBANDINGAN DUA METODE PEMBELAJARAN TENTANG DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE PADA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aryani Pujiyanti

    2013-02-01

    peran guru untuk memberikan pendidikan kesehatan tentang DBD kepada siswa di sekolah. Penelitian ini merupakan salah satu model mobilisasi komunitas sekolah di Kota Semarang untuk program pencegahan demam berdarah dengue (DBD. Model dilaksanakan dengan membandingkan 2 metode pendidikan kesehatan yaitu pendekatan pembelajaran aktif dengan pemberian poster dan leaflet. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui efektifitas pelaksanaan model terhadap pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku (PSP dan self efficacy guru sekolah dasar tentang DBD di sekolah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan jenis studi intervensi masyarakat. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah non equivalen control group design. Sampel penelitian adalah guru pendidikan jasmani di Kecamatan Tembalang (kelompok perlakuan dan Kelurahan Pedurungan Tengah, Kecamatan Pedurungan (kelompok pembanding yang dipilih secara purposif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan, praktek dan self efficacy guru pada kelompok dengan pembelajaran aktif lebih tinggi daripada kelompok guru yang menerima edukasi leaflet dan poster. Metode pembelajaran aktif mampu meningkatkan pengetahuan, perilaku dan self efficacy guru dalam perilaku pencegahan DBD secara signifikan (p<0,05 daripada metode poster dan leaflet. Kepercayaan diri guru untuk menjadi promotor kesehatan di sekolah lebih besar pada kelompok dengan metode pembelajaran aktif daripada kelompok dengan metode poster dan leaflet. Metode pembelajaran aktif dapat direkomendasikan dalam pendidikan kesehatan tentang DBD di sekolah dasar.   Kata kunci : guru, pencegahan DBD, pembelajaran aktif

  6. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, LINGKUNGAN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN KINERJA GURU DI SMK NEGERI 4 PANDEGLANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Sampurno

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan lingkungan kerja terhadap motivasi kerja guru di SMK Negeri 4 Pandeglang, dan pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, lingkungan kerja dan motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMK Negeri 4 Pandeglang. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan teknik analisis jalur (Path Analysis. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh guru di SMK Negeri 4 Pandeglang sebanyak 60 responden. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan lingkungan kerja berpengaruh secara parsial terhadap motivasi kerja guru, hal itu berarti bahwa kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan lingkungan kerja memiliki pengaruh langsung terhadap motivasi kerja guru. Karena kepeminpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh parsial terhadap kinerja guru, maka bisa dinyatakan bahwa kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh langsung terhadap kinerja guru. Selanjutnya, karena motivasi kerja tidak berpengaruh terhadap kinerja guru, maka kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan lingkungan kerja tidak memiliki pengaruh tidak langsung terhadap kinerja guru.

  7. Effects of Spatial Resolution on the Simulated Dust Aerosol Lifecycle: Implications for Dust Event Magnitude and Timing in the NASA GEOS-5 AGCM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowottnick, E.; Colarco, Peter R.; daSilva, A.

    2011-01-01

    The NASA GEOS-5 atmospheric transport model simulates global aerosol distributions with an online aerosol module. GEOS-5 may be run at various horizontal spatial resolutions depending on the research application. For example, long integration climate simulations are typically run at 2 deg or 1 deg grid spacing, whereas aerosol reanalysis and forecasting applications may be performed at O.5 deg or 0.25 deg resolutions. In this study, we assess the implications of varying spatial resolution on the simulated aerosol fields, with a particular focus on dust. Dust emissions in GEOS-5 are calculated with one of two parameterizations, one based on the Goddard Chemistry, Aerosol, Radiation, and Transport (GO CART) model and another based on the Dust Entrainment and Deposition (DEAD) model. Emission fluxes are parameterized in terms of the surface wind speed, either the 10-m (GO CART) or friction (DEAD) wind speed. We consider how surface wind speeds and thus the dust emission rates are a function of the model spatial resolution. We find that spatial resolution has a significant effect on the magnitude of dust emissions, as higher resolution versions of the model have typically higher surface wind speeds. Utilizing space-borne observations from MISR, MODIS, and CALIOP, we find that simulated Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) distributions respond differently to spatial resolution over the African and Asian source regions, highlighting the need to regional dust emission tuning. When compared to ground-based observations from AERONET, we found improved timing of dust events with as spatial resolution was increased. In an attempt to improve the representation of the dust aerosol lifecycle at coarse resolutions, we found that incorporating the effects of sub-grid wind variability in a course resolution simulation led to improved agreement with observed AOT magnitudes, but did not impact the timing of simulated dust events.

  8. ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN GENERIK SAINS MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI PADA PRAKTIKUM ANATOMI TUMBUHAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novianti Muspiroh

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Keterampilan generik sains merupakan kemampuan dasar yang harus dimiliki oleh mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Dalam satu proses praktikum (eksperimen mata kuliah Anatomi Tumbuhan mahasiswa calon guru biologi dituntut untuk dapat terampil tidak saja pada aspek psikomotorik tetapi juga menganalisis dan memecahkan masalah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap keterampilan generik sains mahasiswa calon guru biologi pada praktikum anatomi tumbuhan dari ragam pengamatan, pemodelan dan inferensi. Kemampuan generik sains di perguruan tinggi salah satunya adalah melakukan pengamatan langsung, melakukan pemodelan maupun menggunakan inferensi logis. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif menggunakan metode analisis kuantitatif dari data kualitatif deskriptif terhadap laporan akhir eksperimen mahasiswa dalam kegiatan praktikum. Objek penelitian adalah mahasiswa semester 2 berjumlah 38 orang di IAIN SN Cirebon. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data pada ragam pengamatan diperoleh KGS  sedang. Pada ragam pemodelan dan inferensi diperoleh KGS tinggi. Dengan demikian masih diperlukan bimbingan secara intensif guna meningkatkan KGS bagi mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Generic science skills are basic skills that must be held by prospective teachers of biology students. In the process of practicum (experimental Plant Anatomy subject, prospective teachers of biology students are required to be skilled not only in the psychomotor aspect but also in analyzing and solving problems. This research aims to reveal the generic skills of prospective teachers of biology student at the anatomy of plants from various observations, modeling and inference. Ability of generic science in college one of them is a direct observation, perform modeling and logical inference. This research was descriptive using methods of quantitative analysis of qualitative data descriptive of the final report of a student experiment in lab activities. Object of research is the second semester students

  9. Akurasi dan Akuntabilitas Penilaian Kinerja Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lubna Lubna

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:     There are a great number of teachers of Islamic religious education who hold a professional diploma and yet have not realized the tasks of competent professional teacher. The four indicators of competent and professional teacher, as these are elaborated in Statutes and Regulations, have not been integrated in teacher performance. This problem must be resolved. It requires a system that can control the implementation of the principles of professional teacher while at the same time does not ruin teacher’s profession and capability. This article offers professional-based assessment and evaluation of teacher performance as a medium for a regular control. This system will be able to measure teacher performance referring to their skills and to avoid deviation in the evaluation between what is taught and the subject being taught concerning teachers’ professional skills. With this professional-based evaluation system, the processes of evaluation and assessment become objective, accurate and accountable.Abstrak:      Banyak di antara guru PAI yang menyandang gelar profesional yang belum sepenuhnya mengusai kompetensi yang menjadi indikator guru profesional dalam pelaksaan tugas di kelas. Empat kompetensi inti guru profesional belum terintegrasi dalam kinerja guru sebagaimana amanah Undang-Undang dan berbagai peraturan yang mengawalnya. Menyikapi fenomena ini, dibutuhkan sebuah sistem yang dapat mengontrol kinerja guru sekaligus tidak meruntuhkan kredibilitas guru profesional. Tulisan ini menawarkan penilaian kinerja guru PAI berbasis profesional sebagai sistem kontrol yang dapat dilakukan secara berkala sampai tercipta budaya kerja yang profesional. Dengan penilaian kinerja berbasis profesional, akan dapat mengukur kinerja guru sesuai dengan bidang keahliannya, di samping menghindari terjadinya deviasi antara apa yang dinilai dengan bidang keahlian sesuai mata pelajaran. Dengan penilaian kinerja berbasis profesional

  10. Global environment outlook GEO5. Environment for the future we want

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-05-15

    The main goal of UNEP's Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is to keep governments and stakeholders informed of the state and trends of the global environment. Over the past 15 years, the GEO reports have examined a wealth of data, information and knowledge about the global environment; identified potential policy responses; and provided an outlook for the future. The assessments, and their consultative and collaborative processes, have worked to bridge the gap between science and policy by turning the best available scientific knowledge into information relevant for decision makers. The GEO-5 report is made up of 17 chapters organized into three distinct but linked parts. Part 1 - State and trends of the global environment; Part 2 - Policy options from the regions; Part 3 - Opportunities for a global response.

  11. Assimilation of Precipitation Measurement Missions Microwave Radiance Observations With GEOS-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Jianjun; Kim, Min-Jeong; McCarty, Will; Akella, Santha; Gu, Wei

    2015-01-01

    The Global Precipitation Mission (GPM) Core Observatory satellite was launched in February, 2014. The GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) is a conically scanning radiometer measuring 13 channels ranging from 10 to 183 GHz and sampling between 65 S 65 N. This instrument is a successor to the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI), which has observed 9 channels at frequencies ranging 10 to 85 GHz between 40 S 40 N since 1997. This presentation outlines the base procedures developed to assimilate GMI and TMI radiances in clear-sky conditions, including quality control methods, thinning decisions, and the estimation of, observation errors. This presentation also shows the impact of these observations when they are incorporated into the GEOS-5 atmospheric data assimilation system.

  12. Frequency and impact of summertime stratospheric intrusions over Maryland during DISCOVER-AQ (2011): New evidence from NASA's GEOS-5 simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, Lesley E.; Duncan, Bryan N.; Thompson, Anne M.; Diskin, Glenn; Fasnacht, Zachary; Langford, Andrew O.; Lin, Meiyun; Molod, Andrea M.; Nielsen, J. Eric; Pusede, Sally E.; Wargan, Krzysztof; Weinheimer, Andrew J.; Yoshida, Yasuko

    2016-04-01

    Aircraft observations and ozonesonde profiles collected on 14 and 27 July 2011, during the Maryland month-long Deriving Information on Surface conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality (DISCOVER-AQ) campaign, indicate the presence of stratospheric air just above the planetary boundary layer (PBL). This raises the question of whether summer stratospheric intrusions (SIs) elevate surface ozone levels and to what degree they influence background ozone levels and contribute to ozone production. We used idealized stratospheric air tracers, along with observations, to determine the frequency and extent of SIs in Maryland during July 2011. On 4 of 14 flight days, SIs were detected in layers that the aircraft encountered above the PBL from the coincidence of enhanced ozone, moderate CO, and low moisture. Satellite observations of lower tropospheric humidity confirmed the occurrence of synoptic-scale influence of SIs as do simulations with the GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model. The evolution of GEOS-5 stratospheric air tracers agrees with the timing and location of observed stratospheric influence and indicates that more than 50% of air in SI layers above the PBL had resided in the stratosphere within the previous 14 days. Despite having a strong influence in the lower free troposphere, these events did not significantly affect surface ozone, which remained low on intrusion days. The model indicates similar frequencies of stratospheric influence during all summers from 2009 to 2013. GEOS-5 results suggest that over Maryland, the strong inversion capping the summer PBL limits downward mixing of stratospheric air during much of the day, helping to preserve low surface ozone associated with frontal passages that precede SIs.

  13. Performance of McRAS-AC in the GEOS-5 AGCM: aerosol-cloud-microphysics, precipitation, cloud radiative effects, and circulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. C. Sud

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A revised version of the Microphysics of clouds with Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert and Aerosol-Cloud interaction scheme (McRAS-AC including, among others, the Barahona and Nenes ice nucleation parameterization, is implemented in the GEOS-5 AGCM. Various fields from a 10-yr long integration of the AGCM with McRAS-AC were compared with their counterparts from an integration of the baseline GEOS-5 AGCM using satellite data as observations. Generally McRAS-AC simulations have smaller biases in cloud fields and cloud radiative effects over most of the regions of the Earth than the baseline GEOS-5 AGCM. Two systematic biases are identified in the McRAS-AC runs: one under-prediction of cloud particles around 40° S–60° S, and one over-prediction of cloud water path during Northern Hemisphere summer over the Gulf Stream and North Pacific. Sensitivity analyses show that these biases potentially originate from biases in the aerosol input. The first bias is largely eliminated in a sensitivity test using 50% smaller sea-salt aerosol particles, while the second bias is much reduced when interactive aerosol chemistry was turned on. The main drawback of McRAS-AC is dearth of low-level marine stratus clouds, probably due to lack of boundary-layer clouds that is an outcome of explicit dry-convection not yet implemented into the cloud model. Nevertheless, McRAS-AC simulates realistic clouds and their optical properties that can further improve with better aerosol-input. Thereby, McRAS-AC has the potential to be a valuable tool for climate modeling research because of its superior simulation capabilities that physically couple aerosols, cloud microphysics, cloud macrophysics, and cloud-radiation interaction for all clouds.

  14. The Influence of the 2006 Indonesian Biomass Burning Aerosols on Tropical Dynamics Studied with the GEOS-5 AGCM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, Lesley; Duncan, Bryan; Pawson, Steven; Colarco, Peter; Chin, Mian; Randles, Cynthia; Diehl, Thomas; Nielsen, Eric

    2009-01-01

    The direct and semi-direct effects of aerosols produced by Indonesian biomass burning (BB) during August November 2006 on tropical dynamics have been examined using NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System, Version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM). The AGCM includes CO, which is transported by resolved and sub-grid processes and subject to a linearized chemical loss rate. Simulations were driven by two sets of aerosol forcing fields calculated offline, one that included Indonesian BB aerosol emissions and one that did not. In order to separate the influence of the aerosols from internal model variability, the means of two ten-member ensembles were compared. Diabatic heating from BB aerosols increased temperatures over Indonesia between 150 and 400 hPa. The higher temperatures resulted in strong increases in upward grid-scale vertical motion, which increased water vapor and CO over Indonesia. In October, the largest increases in water vapor were found in the mid-troposphere (25%) while the largest increases in CO occurred just below the tropopause (80 ppbv or 50%). Diabatic heating from the Indonesian BB aerosols caused CO to increase by 9% throughout the tropical tropopause layer in November and 5% in the lower stratosphere in December. The results demonstrate that aerosol heating plays an important role in the transport of BB pollution and troposphere-to-stratosphere transport. Changes in vertical motion and cloudiness induced by aerosol heating can also alter the transport and phase of water vapor in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere.

  15. PROFESIONALISME GURU AKUNTANSI PASCA SERTIFIKASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ansori

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study will be discussed related to the professionalism of teachers after certification, the efforts made to develop the professionalism of teachers, and the impact of certification policy on the quality of education. This research subject is accounting certified teacher with a population of 7 informants, and informants are the principal supporter and 3 learners. This research method is a descriptive qualitative approach, with this type of case studies. Collecting data using the model interviews, observation, and documentation. Data analysis techniques to 1 Data collection 2 reduction of data 3 data presentation 4 conclusion / verification. The results showed that 1 accounting certified teachers have a good level of professionalism. The teacher can understand the characteristics of students, mastering both subject areas of a scientific or educational field, is able to organize teaching well, mastering the material in depth, mastering the technology and professionalism are able to develop in a sustainable manner. 2 the efforts of teachers to develop professionalism is with workshops, seminars, training, training, writing books, looking for a new regulation, to follow the teacher association continues studies to improve the qualifications and buy gadgets as supporting tools in learning. 3 certification of a positive impact on the quality of education. It is suggested that could be given to teachers, namely that the purpose of the certification is not to get professional allowance alone, but that teachers can master the competence of teachers well and make teachers more professional in carrying out his profession. Professional allowances simply as a consequence of this capability.

  16. Performance of McRAS-AC in the GEOS-5 AGCM: aerosol-cloud-microphysics, precipitation, cloud radiative effects, and circulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. C. Sud

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A revised version of the Microphysics of clouds with Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert and Aerosol-Cloud interaction scheme (McRAS-AC including, among others, a new ice nucleation parameterization, is implemented in the GEOS-5 AGCM. Various fields from a 10-yr-long integration of the AGCM with McRAS-AC are compared with their counterparts from an integration of the baseline GEOS-5 AGCM, as well as satellite observations. Generally McRAS-AC simulations have smaller biases in cloud fields and cloud radiative effects over most of the regions of the Earth than the baseline GEOS-5 AGCM. Two systematic biases are identified in the McRAS-AC runs: one is underestimation of cloud particle numbers around 40° S–60° S, and one is overestimate of cloud water path during the Northern Hemisphere summer over the Gulf Stream and North Pacific. Sensitivity tests show that these biases potentially originate from biases in the aerosol input. The first bias is largely eliminated in a test run using 50% smaller radius of sea-salt aerosol particles, while the second bias is substantially reduced when interactive aerosol chemistry is turned on. The main weakness of McRAS-AC is the dearth of low-level marine stratus clouds, a probable outcome of lack of explicit dry-convection in the cloud scheme. Nevertheless, McRAS-AC largely simulates realistic clouds and their optical properties that can be improved further with better aerosol input. An assessment using the COSP simulator in a 1-yr integration provides additional perspectives for understanding cloud optical property differences between the baseline and McRAS-AC simulations and biases against satellite data. Overall, McRAS-AC physically couples aerosols, the microphysics and macrophysics of clouds, and their radiative effects and thereby has better potential to be a valuable tool for climate modeling research.

  17. Impact of Interactive Aerosol on the African Easterly Jet in the NASA GEOS-5 Global Forecasting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reale, O.; Lau, K. M.; da Silva, A.

    2010-01-01

    The real-time treatment of interactive realistically varying aerosol in a global operational forecasting system, as opposed to prescribed (fixed or climatologically varying) aerosols, is a very difficult challenge that only recently begins to be addressed. Experiment results from a recent version of the NASA GEOS-5 forecasting system, inclusive of interactive aerosol treatment, are presented in this work. Four sets of 30 5-day forecasts are initialized from a high quality set of analyses previously produced and documented to cover the period from 15 August to 16 September 2006, which corresponds to the NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (NAMMA) observing campaign. The four forecast sets are at two different horizontal resolutions and with and without interactive aerosol treatment. The net impact of aerosol, at times in which there is a strong dust outbreak, is a temperature increase at the dust level and decrease in the near-surface levels, in complete agreement with previous observational and modeling studies. Moreover, forecasts in which interactive aerosols are included depict an African Easterly (AEJ) at slightly higher elevation, and slightly displace northward, with respect to the forecasts in which aerosols are not include. The shift in the AEJ position goes in the direction of observations and agrees with previous results.

  18. KOMPETENSI GURU ALUMNI JURUSAN PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA BERDASARKAN PENDAPAT PENGGUNA LULUSAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melda Jaya

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Undang-Undang Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia No.20 tahun 2003 pasal 35 menyatakan bahwa kompetensi lulusan harus ditingkatkan secara berencana dan berkala. Dalam rangka peningkatan tersebut perlu diketahui kompetensi lulusan untuk program perbaikan secara menyeluruh. Para lulusan Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Teachers College Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika Universitas Pelita Harapan tersebar di seluruh wilayah Indonesia baik di sekolah-sekolah yang berada di dalam maupun di luar Yayasan Pendidikan Pelita Harapan. Semasa kuliah, mereka telah dibekali dengan berbagai kemampuan untuk mendukung profesionalisme mereka sebagai guru. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak guru-guru lulusan FIP Teachers College Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika UPH bagi sekolah-sekolah tempat mereka mengajar, sebagai bahan masukan untuk perbaikan kedepan yang lebih baik. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode survei. Subjek penelitian ini adalah para kepala sekolah, CC/TT dan peserta didik. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan evaluasi bagi usaha peningkatan kompetensi lulusan FIP Teachers College Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika UPH. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa secara umum alumni  pendidikan matematika Teacher College  berdasarkan pengguna lulusan sudah mencapai ke empat kompetensi berdasarkan graduate profile Teacher College, antara lain: Guru bidang studi matematika Kristen, Guru bidang studi matematika dengan standar internasional, Seorang Kristen yang dewasa, Seorang anggota komunitas yang signifikan, namun ada beberapa aspek didalamnya yang perlu ditingkatkan dan diperbaiki.

  19. URGENSI PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEADAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE MAHASISWA CALON GURU AGAMA PADA FAKULTAS TARBIYAH DI PERGURUAN TINGGI AGAMA ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdurrahmansyah A

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractEducational challenges requires the improvement of the quality of learning.one of the challenges of learning in teacher education institutions is theweak development of prospective teachers. Shulman mentions that to improve thequality of learning for candidate teachers is through the concept of pedagogicalcontent knowledge (PCK. Tarbiyah Faculty as LPTK that prepares prospectivecandidate teachers of religion is considered important to seek the mastery of  PCK skills through the development model of learning offered at the lecturing session. One of the benefits of PCKconcept is to be able to build the integrity of the candidate teacher’s competencies in mastering the content and pedagogy as a whole. The concept of PCK presents to overcome the problem of incompleteness of thecurriculum presentation that presents the content aspect on the one hand andaspects of pedagogy on the other side of other split aspects. Keywords: learningmodel, peadagogical content knowledge, candidate teachers of religion

  20. PENGARUH PRAKTIK PENGALAMAN LAPANGAN (PPL, MINAT MENJADI GURU, DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR TERHADAP KESIAPAN MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU YANG PROFESIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Yulianto

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar terhadap kesiapan menjadi guru yang profesional. Populasi penelitian adalah mahasiswa Progam Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi Akuntansi tahun angkatan 2011 Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Semarang sebanyak 174 mahasiswa. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 122 mahasiswa yang ditentukan dengan teknik proportional random sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi, sedangkan teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif presentase, statistik inferensial, dan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukan praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar berpengaruh baik secara parsial maupun simultan terhadap kesiapan menjadi guru yang profesional. Hasil adjusted R^2 menunjukan adanya hubungan antara praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar terhadap kesiapan mahasiswa menjadi guru yang profesional sebesar 0.574 atau 57,4%. Saran yang diberikan dalam penelitian ini adalah hendaknya mahasiswa memperbanyak referensi tentang akuntansi, mengikuti berbagai forum diskusi akuntansi guna meningkatkan wawasan mengenai bidang studi akuntansinya; mahasiswa diharapkan meningkatkan minat untuk menjadi guru yang tinggi dengan mengenal lebih jauh tentang profesi guru, mencari tahu kabar dan informasi mengenai profesi keguruan, memanfatkan kegiatan praktik pengalaman lapangan dengan sungguh-sungguh yang dapat menunjang kesiapannya untuk menjadi guru. The purpose of that study was to determine the influence of practice field experience, interest becoming a teacher and learning achievement againts the readiness of the students to become a professional teacher. Population in this research are students of accounting education class of Faculty of Economic semarang state university as many as 174 students. Sample used in this study were 122 students

  1. Mengurangi Bullying melalui Program Pelatihan “Guru Peduli”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilburga Wulan Saptandari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated a strategy of reducing bullying in elementary school through “Guru Peduli” (“Teacher Care” training. It was a training done for teachers. It aimed to increase teachers’ awareness, knowledge and skills to prevent and reduce bullying. The aim of this quasi-experimental research was to test the effectiveness of “Guru Peduli” training for reducing elementary school bullying. Two elementary schools were involved as the experimental and control groups. There were six classes were for class observation and six locations for playground observation. The observations were done before and after the training. The data were analyzed with Wilcoxon Signed-Rank and Mann-Whitney test. The data showed that there was a significant difference of bullying between the experimental and control schools. There was also a significant reduction of bullying in experimental school after the training. Keywords: bullying, “Guru Peduli” training, teachers’ knowledge

  2. Kepemimpinan Transformasional dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Kepuasan atas Kualitas Kehidupan Kerja Komitmen Organisasi dan Perilaku Ekstra Peran: Studi pada Guru-Guru SMU di Kota Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Stefanus Kaihatu

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study ws to exmine direct and indirect effects of a integrated multidimensional model of transformational leadership upon organizational citizenship behaviour (OCBs and considered quality of work life and organizational commitment as key antecedents. Participants comprised 190 teachers from ten middle school%2C whom completed a questionnaire. In this study%2C transformational ledership as an important correlate to the organizational citizenship behaviour that the link would be quality of work life%2C while the organizational commitment was unrelated. Wheb quality of work life middle school teachers superiors with transformational ledership behaviour of principals were likely to be related to greater organizational citizenship behaviour. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji hubungan langsung maupun tidak langsung dari sebuah model multidimensional mengenai pengaruh kepemimpinan transformasional terhadap perilaku ekstra peran yang dimediasi oleh kepuasan akan kualitas kehidupan kerja dan komitmen organisasional sebagai variabel antasenden. Sampel adalah 190 Guru Sekolah Menegah Umum (secara lengkap mengisi kuisioner. Dalam penelitian ini%2C secara signifikan kepuasan akan kualitas kehidupan kerja memediasi kepemimpinan transformasional terhadap perilaku ekstra peran%2C sebaliknya komitmen organisasional ditemukan tidak signifikan. Penerapan kepemimpinan transformasional dari kepala sekolah meningkatkan kepuasan akan kualitas kehidupan kerja%2C dan hal ini cenderung akan meningkatakan perilaku ekstra peran dari para guru. ransformational leadership%2C organizational citizenship behavior%2C quality of work life%2C and commitment organizational.

  3. Comments on "Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Scott A.

    2010-01-01

    Considerable attention has been given to the potential negative impacts of the Saharan air layer (SAL) in recent years. Researchers recently raised questions about the negative impacts of Dunion and Velden and other studies in terms of storms that reached at least tropical storm strength and suggested that the SAL was an intrinsic part of the tropical cyclone environment for both storms that weaken after formation and those that intensify. Braun also suggested that several incorrect assumptions underlie many of the studies on the negative impacts of the SAL, including assumptions that most low-to-midlevel dry tropical air is SAL air, that the SAL is dry throughout its depth, and that the proximity of the SAL to storms struggling to intensify implies some role in that struggle. The recent paper by Reale et al.(RL1) is an example of the problems inherent in some of these assumptions. In their paper, RL1 analyze a simulation from the Global Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) global model and describe an extensive tongue of warm, dry air that stretches southward from at least 30 deg N (the northern limit of their plots) and wraps into a low pressure system during the period 26-29 August 2006, suppressing convection and possibly development of the African easterly wave associated with that low pressure system. They attributed the warm, dry tongue to the SAL (i.e., heating of the air mass during passage over the Sahara and radiative warming of the dust layer). Whether it was their intention, the implication is that this entire feature is due solely to the SAL and not to other possible sources of dry air or warmth. In addition, they suggested that a cool tongue of air in the boundary layer located directly beneath the elevated warm, dry tongue (forming a thermal dipole) was possibly the result of reduced solar radiation caused by an overlying dust layer. They stated that "the cool anomaly in the lower levels does not have any plausible explanation relying only on transport

  4. SIKAP GURU TAMAN KANAK-KANAK TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sitti Hartinah DS, Teguh Setiawan

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Kindergarten Teachers’ Attitudes toward Mathematics Learning. This study was aimed to know the attitudes of kindergarten teachers to mathematics teaching and learning. The study, carried out in the Regency of Tegal, took 340 kindergarten teachers into the pool of the sample (65% of the population of 523 teachers. Proportional random sampling was used in the selection of the sample. Questionnaires in the form of attitude scale were distributed to the sample to elicit their responses. t-test was used to analyze the differences of the attitudes and Croncbach’s Alpha was used to arrive at the reliability index. The study found out that, in general, kindergarten teachers  have positive attitudes towards the teaching and learning of mathematics. Abstract: Sikap Guru TK terhadap Pembelajaran Matematika. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui sikap guru TK terhadap pembelajran matematika. Sampel sebanyak 340 dari 523 guru TK di Kabupaten Tegal (65% dari populasi yang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik rambang proporsional. Data dikum­pulkan dengan kuesioner berupa skala sikap yang dikembangkan dengan metode Likert. Pembobotan menggunakan deviasi normal. Kriteria pemilihan butir pernyataan terbaik menggunakan uji t yaitu uji kesa­maan dua rata-rata uji satu pihak dan analisis reliabilitas menggunakan Formula Croncbach’s Alpha. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa guru TK pada umumnya bersikap positif terhadap pembelajaran matematika.

  5. PENGKONSTRUKSIAN SEKTOR GURU DARI GRIYA JAWA: TAFSIR ATAS KAWRUH KALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Prijotomo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Kawruh Kalang and Kawruh Griya are two Jawanese architectural texts being produced in the transitional period of the 19th to the 20th century. Following two of three steps of interpretation, as stated by Poespoprodjo, a study upon the guru-sector of Jawanese architecture is presented here. Among numerous findings of that study, one of them is the key position of the structural member named balandar-pangeret. This component not only direct and control the measurement of any Jawanese building, but also addressing the basic design chararacteristics of Jawa. It is then speculated that a Jawanese mode of design is embarked from the middle and then proceed downward to the earth and upward to reach the sky. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Teks Kawruh Kalang dan Kawruh Griya adalah teks arsitektur Jawa yang diproduksi dalam masa peralihan abad 19-20. Pengkajian atas teks tersebut dalam bentuk penafsiran-meng-'kata'-kan, memperlihatkan adanya pemikiran dasar penghadiran arsitektur yang bertolak dari balandar-pangeret, yakni balok-balok struktural yang ditopang oleh sakaguru. Masih dalam dimensi penafsiran sebagai meng-kata-kan, naskah yang dikaji diyakini mengindikasikan pemikiran arsitektural Jawa yang karakteristik yakni berawal dari tengah terus ke bawah, ke bumi, dan ke atas, ke angkasa. Kata kunci: griya jawa, sektor guru, balandar-pangeret, guru-acuan, guru-patokan.

  6. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI GURU MATA PELAJARAN TIK TERHADAP MOTIVASI DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr Heri Sutarno

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana kompetensi guru TIK berpengaruh terhadap motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa dalam mata pelajaran TIK. Penelitian ini dilakukan di sebuah sekolah sampel, dengan responden siswa SMA. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan metode survey eksplanatory. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan 3 (tiga cara, yaitu: Nilai Skala (Nilai Interval, untuk mengetahui kondisi dari masing-masing variabel; Analisis varians (ANOVA satu jalur; dan Korelasi untuk mengetahui keterhubungan variabel. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh hasil bahwa kompetensi pedagogik guru TIK yang ada di sekolah sampel tergolong cukup (56,07%, kompetensi kepribadian tergolong cukup (53,72%, kompetensi sosial tergolong cukup (45,22% dan kompetensi profesional tergolong tinggi (61,20%. Keterhubungan antara kompetensi guru dengan motivasi belajar diperkuat dengan kurangnya tingkat signifikansi sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada keterhubungan antara keempat kompetensi guru tersebut terhadap motivasi siswa untuk belajar mata pelajaran TIK. Secara parsial hanya kompetensi kepribadian (53,72% dan kompetensi profesional (61,20% yang terbukti dapat mempengaruhi motivasi belajar siswa. Untuk hasil belajar, dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan ternyata keterhubungan antara kompetensi guru dan motivasi belajar terhadap hasil belajar sangat kecil (50%. Sebagai saran dari penelitian ini yaitu instansi pencetak guru harus memastikan agar mahasiswa yang dididiknya memiliki kemampuan kompetensi guru seperti tertulis dalam PP No. 74 tahun 2008 sehingga dapat meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa, yang pada akhirnya keberadaan guru benar-benar bermakna dalam sebuah pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: guru TIK, kompetensi guru, motivasi, hasil belajar

  7. Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes During SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reale, Oreste; Lau, William K.; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Brin, Eugenia

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates the role of the Saharan air layer (SAL) in tropical cyclogenetic processes associated with a nondeveloping and a developing African easterly wave observed during the Special Observation Period (SOP-3) phase of the 2006 NASA African. Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (NAMMA). The two waves are chosen because they both interact heavily with Saharan air. A glottal data assimilation and forecast system, the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System. version 5 (GEOS-5), is being run to produce a set of high-9 uality global analyses, inclusive of all observations used operationally but with additional satellite information. In particular, following previous works by the same authors, the duality-controlled data from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) used to produce these analyses have a better coverage than the one adopted by operational centers. From these improved analyses, two sets of 31 five-day high-resolution forecasts, at horizontal resolutions of both half and quarter degrees, are produced. Results indicate that very steep moisture gradients are associated with the SAL in forecasts and analyses, even at great distances from their source over the Sahara. In addition, a thermal dipole in the vertiieat (warm above, cool below) is present in the nondeveloping case. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spoctroradiometer (MODIS) aboard NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites shows that aerosol optical thickness, indicative of more dust as opposed to other factors, is higher in the nondeveloping case. Altogether, results suggest that the radiative effect of dust may play some role in producing a thermal structure less favorable to cyclogenesis. Results also indicate that only global horizontal resolutions on the order of 20-30 km can capture the large-scale transport and the tine thermal structure of the SAL, inclusive of the sharp moisture gradients, reproducing the effect of tropical cyclone suppression that has been hypothesized by previous authors

  8. KESIAPAN GURU SD DALAM PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK-INTEGRATIF PADA KURIKULUM 2013 DI DIY

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kesiapan guru Sekolah Dasar (SD) dalam menerapkan Kurikulum 2013 khususnya dalam pembelajaran tematik-integratif di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). Jenis penelitian yang digunakan yaitu penelitian survei. Populasi penelitian adalah guru kelas I dan IV yang terdapat di wilayah DIY. Jumlah sampel yang diambil dalam penelitian ini adalah sebanyak 182 guru SD yang berasal dari 49 SD negeri dan 15 SD swasta yang dijadikan pilot project berdasarkan d...

  9. IKLIM SEKOLAH DAN EFIKASI KENDIRI DALAM KALANGAN GURU BIMBINGAN DAN KAUNSELING SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI KELANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim, Hasliza; Ismail, Siti Noor; Kassim, Mohamad Adnan Mohamad; Mohamad, Suhaila

    2017-01-01

    Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti hubungan antara iklim sekolah dan efikasi kendiri guru bimbingan dan kaunseling di negeri Kelantan.  Responden kajian adalah terdiri daripada 181 orang guru bimbingan dan kaunseling Sekolah Menengah di negeri Kelantan.  Kajian rintis dijalankan ke atas 30 orang guru bimbingan dan kaunseling di daerah Tanah Merah.  Secara spesifiknya, kaedah kuantitatif digunakan untuk tujuan pengumpulan data.  Maklum balas melalui soal selidik telah diperolehi dan se...

  10. PENGURUSAN KRISIS DI SEKOLAH DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN KOMITMEN GURU SEKOLAH MENENGAH DINEGERI KELANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Baharuddin, Juliana; Saad, Norhana Mohammad; Ismail, Siti Noor

    2017-01-01

    Kajian ini dijalankan untuk melihat pengurusan krisis dan hubungannya dengan komitmen guru.  Responden bagi kajian ini terdiri daripada 375 orang guru daripada sekolah-sekolah menengah di negeri Kelantan.  Pengurusan krisis merupakan salah satu prinsip dalam Konsep Sekolah Selamat.  Instrumen kajian ini menumpukan kepada pengurusan krisis ketidakhadiran pelajar ke kelas tambahan.  Instrumen komitmen guru pula menggunakan Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) atau instrumen komitmen ke...

  11. KOMPETENSI GURU PAI DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohmat MS.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini berfokus pada masalah kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis teknologi informasi yang dilakukan oleh para guru Pendidikan Islam di Kabupaten Sidoarjo. The menyimpulkan bahwa aktivitas pembelajaran matapelajaran Pendidikan Islam kebanyakan masih konvensional, di mana guru memainkan peran utama dalam memperoleh pengetahuan, sedangkan siswa yang kurang terlibat secara aktif. Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa guru memiliki kualifikasi mengajar yang baik, karena mereka memenuhi 12 dari 16 kriteria kompetensi yang ditetapkan oleh  standar pendidikan nasional. Tetapi di sisi lain, mereka lemah dalam hal kualifikasi pedagogik, karena mereka hanya memenuhi 12 sampai 17 dari 42 kompetensi. Faktor-faktor untuk mengembangkan standar guru dalam mengajar berbasis teknologi informasi, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa kemampuan dan keterampilan guru dalam menggunakan teknologi seperti komputer, laptop, LCD dan internet merupakan faktor utama. Beberapa guru di SMAN 1 Krian dan SMKN 2 Buduran sudah terbiasa dalam menggunakan  teknologi informasi. Sementara itu, keterbatasan infrastruktur dan kurangnya ketersediaan teknologi informasi di sekolah-sekolah seperti SMA Negeri di Tarik, SMAN 2 di Sidoarjo dan Porong merupakan faktor utama yang menghambat proses pengembangan standar pembelajaran ini.This research focuses on the problem of information technology-based teaching activities by teachers of Islamic education in the regent of Sidoarjo.The research concludes that the learning activity on the subject of Islamic education is very much conventional where teachers play the major role in acquiring knowledge, while students were not involved. The research also discovers that teachers do have good teaching qualifications given that they meet 12 out of 16 competences criterion set by the national standard authority on the subject. But they on the other hand, are weak in terms of pedagogic qualification considering that they meet only 12 to 17 out of 42

  12. Kompetensi Pengelolaan Pembelajaran, Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Komitmen, dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Fahdila Sumantri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Learning-management Competence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Commitment, and  Job Satisfaction of Vocational High School Teachers. This survey is intended to describe how learning-management competence, interpersonal intelligence, and commitment influence the job satisfaction of vocational high school teachers. Eighty teachers were selected from the teacher population of 350 using proportional random sampling technique and were assigned to respond to a questionnaire. The results of path analyses reveal that learning-management competence has direct effects on commitment, interpersonal intelligence on commitment, learning-management competence on job satisfaction, interpersonal intelligence on job satisfaction, and commitment on job satisfaction. In other words, teachers' job satisfaction can be facilitated through improving learning-management competence, developing interpersonal intelligence, and strengthening teacher commitment. Abstrak: Kompetensi Pengelolaan Pembelajaran, Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Komitmen, dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru SMK. Tujuan penelitian survei ini adalah mendeskripsikan pengaruh kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran, kecerdasan interpersonal, dan komitmen terhadap kepuasan kerja guru SMK. Populasi berjumlah 350 guru dengan sampel sebanyak 80 guru yang dipilih secara rambang. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan angket, dan dianalisis dengan analisis jalur (path analysis. Hasil penelitian menun­jukkan bahwa kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran berpengaruh langsung terhadap komitmen; kecer­dasan interpersonal berpengaruh langsung terhadap komitmen; kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru; kecerdasan interpersonal berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru; dan komitmen berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru. Kepuasan kerja guru dapat ditingkatkan melalui pengembangan kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran, peningkatan kecerdasan interpersonal dan penguatan

  13. IDENTIFIKASI TAHAP BERPIKIR GEOMETRI CALON GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DITINJAU DARI TAHAP BERPIKIR VAN HIELE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isna Rafianti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh masalah dalam penguasaan konsep geometri yang membutuhkan pola berpikir dalam menerapkan konsep dan keterampilan dalam memecahkan masalah tersebut. Tetapi dalam kenyataannya siswa-siswa masih mengalami kesulitan dalam mempelajari dan memecahkan soal-soal geometri. Mahasiswa S1 Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa merupakan mahasiswa yang dipersiapkan untuk menjadi guru sekolah dasar yang profesional. Bukan hanya penguasaan konsep yang harus dimiliki seorang guru, tetapi kesiapan dalam hal mengajar juga harus diperhatikan, terutama pada materi geometri. Guru sebaiknya mengetahui tahapan atau level berpikir geometri siswanya berada pada tahap apa, agar proses pembelajaran dapat dipahami oleh siswa. Sebelum guru mengetahui tahapan berpikir siswanya, sebaiknya guru juga mengetahui tahap berpikir geometri yang dimilikinya, agar guru dapat mengevaluasi diri ketika nanti akan mengajar. Tahap berpikir yang menjadi acuan adalah tahap berpikir geometri dari Van Hiele. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi tahap berpikir geometri calon guru Sekolah Dasar ditinjau dari tahap  berpikir Van Hiele. Metode yang digunakan adalah menggunakan penelitian deskriptif. Adapun instrumen yang digunakan yaitu angket berupa tes tertulis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tahap berpikir geometri calon guru Sekolah Dasar ditinjau dari tahap  berpikir Van Hiele sebagian besar (50% hanya mencapai tahap 1 atau tahap pengenalan. Kata Kunci: Geometri, Tahap Berpikir

  14. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN KEAKTIFAN GURU DALAM MENGIKUTI MGMP TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Saroh

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the teachers’ performance did not meet the expectation based on the competencies. There were many problems related to their performance such as; only a few teachers who did classroom action research, creating the lesson plans which were not supported by the learning media, the lack of learning sources, delivering the lesson without using creative learning so students were difficult to get the lesson. The factors which could influence the teachers’ performance were the principals’ leadership, the teachers’ activeness to join the Subject Teachers Forum/ Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran (MGMP. Thus; the problem of the study: was there any influence of the principals’ leadership, the teachers’ activeness to join MGMP toward the Economics/ Accounting teachers’ performance of Senior High Schools in Kendal either partially or simultaneously? It was a population research so 35 Economics/ Accounting teachers of State Senior High Schools in Kendal as the samples. The data were analyzed by percentage descriptive analysis and doubled linear regression analysis. Based on the result of the study; simultaneously the principals’ leadership and the teachers’ activeness to join MGMP influenced positively and significantly up to 55.5% toward the Economics/ Accounting teachers’ performance of State Senior High Schools in Kendal and partially, the 1st variable (The principals’ leadership influenced up to 43.16%, whereas the 2nd variable (The teachers’ activeness influenced only 16%.

  15. Five-Year (2004-2009)Observations of Upper Tropospheric Water Vapor and Cloud Ice from MLS and Comparisons with GEOS-5 Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Jonathan H.; Su, Hui; Pawson, Steven; Liu, Hui-Chun; Read, William; Waters, Joe W.; Santee, Michelle; Wu, Dong L.; Schwartz, Michael; Lambert, Alyn; hide

    2009-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of August 2004 through July 2009 upper tropospheric (UT) water vapor (H2O) and ice water content (IWC) from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) and comparisons with outputs from the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Version 5 (GEOS-5) data assimilation system. Both MLS and GEOS-5 show that high values of H2O and IWC at 215 to 147 hPa are associated with areas of deep convection. They exhibit good (within approximately 15%) agreement in IWC at these altitudes, but GEOS-5 H2O is approximately 50% (215 hPa) to approximately 30% (147 hPa) larger than MLS, possibility due to its higher temperatures at these altitudes. GOES-5 produces a weaker intertropical convergence zone than MLS, while a seasonally-migrating band of tropical deep convection is clearly evident in both the MLS and GEOS-5 UT H2O and IWC. MLS and GEOS-5 both show spatial anti-correlation between IWC and H2O at 100 hPa, where less H2O is associated with low temperatures in regions of tropical convection. At 100 hPa, GEOS-5 produces 50% less IWC and 15% less H2O in the tropics, and approximately 20% more H2O in the extra-tropics, than does MLS. Behavior of the 100 hPa H2O, which exhibits a quasi-biennial oscillation, appears consistent with it being controlled by temperature. The seasonal cycle in the vertical transport of tropical mean H2O from approximately 147 hPa to approximately 10 hPa appears much stronger in MLS than in GEOS-5. The UT IWC and H2O interannual variations, from both MLS and GEOS-5, show clear imprints of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation.

  16. PENGKONSTRUKSIAN SEKTOR GURU DARI GRIYA JAWA: TAFSIR ATAS KAWRUH KALANG

    OpenAIRE

    Josef Prijotomo

    2005-01-01

    Kawruh Kalang and Kawruh Griya are two Jawanese architectural texts being produced in the transitional period of the 19th to the 20th century. Following two of three steps of interpretation, as stated by Poespoprodjo, a study upon the guru-sector of Jawanese architecture is presented here. Among numerous findings of that study, one of them is the key position of the structural member named balandar-pangeret. This component not only direct and control the measurement of any Jawanese building, ...

  17. Seren Taun Guru Bumi Harmony of Islam and Pasundan Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdurrahman Misno BP

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The advent of Islam in Tatar Sunda (West Java lent a new color to the culture that had previously existed there. The nature of Islam which was friendly to the local culture, made it easy to be accepted by the Sundanese people without bloodshed. The results are a variety of cultural rituals rooted in Sundanese culture yet rich with Islamic culture. Seren Taun Guru Bumi is one of the rituals of the Sundanese people deeply-rooted in the belief of Nyi Pohaci (Dewi Sri as the goddess of fertility. The involvement of the researcher in this ritual made the data a primary source which is the implementation of Seren Taun Guru Bumi in Sindang Barang Cultural Village, Bogor, West Java. This research shows that the ritual of Seren Taun Guru Bumi is a form of Islamic harmony with the Sundanese culture. Islamic culture assimilates in the frame of Sundanese traditions in Tatar Sunda, in which both are brought together in the ritual as a form of gratitude to God Almighty.

  18. FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENENTU KOMITMEN ORGANISASI GURU SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiur Asi Siburian

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Factors Determining Organization Commitment of Senior High School Teachers. This survey aims to examine the effects of interpersonal communication, organization culture, job satisfaction, and achievement motivation on the organization commitment of senior high school teachers. Utilizing questionnaires distributed to 150 respondents, this study found that teachers’ organization commitment was directly as well as indirectly affected by the variables of interpersonal communication, organization culture, job satisfaction, and achievement motivation. Abstrak: Faktor-faktor Penentu Komitmen Organisasi Guru SMA. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menguji pengaruh komunikasi interpersonal, budaya organisasi, kepuasan kerja, dan motivasi berprestasi terhadap komitmen organisasi guru SMA Negeri di Kabupaten Humbang Hasundutan. Penelitian memggunakan desain eksplanatif, dan pengambilan data dilakukan melalui survey pada 150 responden yang diambil dengan sampling random proporsional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komitmen or­ganisasi guru SMA dipengaruhi secara langsung dan tidak langsung oleh empat variabel, yaitu komunikasi interpersonal, budaya organisasi, kepuasan kerja, dan motivasi berprestasi. Temuan penelitian menunjuk­kan bahwa keempat variabel tersebut masih perlu ditingkatkan lebih lanjut.

  19. PROFIL GURU SMK TEKNIK PEMESINAN DAN RELEVANSINYA DENGAN KURIKULUM PRODI PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK MESIN FT UNY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surono Surono

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan: (1 profil ideal guru SMK Kompetensi Keahlian Teknik Pemesinan (KKTP, (2 relevansi profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP dengan kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY, (3 proses pembelajaran di Prodi PTM FT UNY, dan (4 profil calon guru SMK-KKTP. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan metode survei, yang dilakukan di Prodi PTM FT UNY dan sebelas SMK di provinsi DIY. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah dokumentasi dan angket. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian adalah sebagai berikut. (1 Profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP terdiri dari lima aspek yaitu kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi bidang studi keahlian, kompetensi manajerial, kompetensi kepribadian, dan kompetensi sosial.  Profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP termasuk dalam kategori sangat penting (88,27%. (2 Relevansi profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP dengan kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY mencapai 100%. Terdapat 59 kompetensi tambahan dalam kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY untuk menyiapkan lulusannya agar dapat bekerja di industri, menjadi instruktur, atau menjadi widyaiswara. (3 Pembelajaran di Prodi PTM FT UNY menurut persepsi dosen termasuk dalam kategori sangat memadai (84,26% dan menurut persepsi mahasiswa termasuk dalam kategori memadai (77,89%. (4 Profil calon guru SMK-KKTP menurut persepsi guru pembimbing PPL termasuk dalam kategori baik (79,12%; menurut persepsi dosen termasuk dalam kategori baik (79,69%; dan menurut persepsi mahasiswa termasuk dalam kategori baik (80,21%.

  20. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH, LINGKUNGAN, MOTIVASI GURU, TERHADAP PRESTASI SISWA SMA MUHAMMADIYAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Jamali

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan: (1 pengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru; (2 pengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung antara lingkungan sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru; (3 pengaruh langsung antara motivasi berprestasi guru dengan prestasi belajar siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian ex-post facto, dengan populasi 318 guru SMA Muhammadiyah Kota Yogyakarta dan sampel 200 orang yang dipilih dengan teknik proportional sampling. Instrumen pengumpulan data berupa kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis jalur untuk menguji hipotesis penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 terdapat pengaruh langsung dan tak langsung kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa, dengan sumbangan efektif 5,52% dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru, (sumbangan efektif sebesar 32,09%; (2 tidak terdapat pengaruh langsung antara lingkungan sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa; (3 terdapat pengaruh tidak langsung antara lingkungan sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru, (sumbangan efektif sebesar 1,04%; (4 terdapat pengaruh langsung antara motivasi berprestasi guru dengan prestasi belajar siswa, (sumbangan efektif sebesar 47,06%. Jadi secara keseluruhan sumbangan yang diberikan oleh kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah, lingkungan sekolah, motivasi berprestasi guru baik secara langsung maupun tidak terhadap prestasi belajar siswa sebesar 85,71%. Hal ini berarti jika kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah, lingkungan sekolah dan motivasi berprestasi guru ditingkatkan kualitasnya maka akan berkontribusi positif terhadap peningkatan prestasi belajar siswa SMA Muhammadiyah Kota Yogyakarta. Kata Kunci: kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah, lingkungan sekolah

  1. PERMASALAHAN GURU BAHASA INGGRIS DALAM MENGIMPLEMENTASIKAN KURIKULUM 2013 DI SLTA KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUSWATI HENDRIANI

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The research is conducted based on the fact that Senior high school English teachers of Tanah Datar Regency face problems in implementing curiculum 2013.The research is aimed at finding out the problems of the teachers related to the implementation of the Curriculum. Therefore, a qualitative research method was applied. To collect the data of the research, interview technique was used. To analyze the colled data, interactive model of analysis as proposed by Miles and Huberman was used. The results of the research show that there were two types of the problems that the teachers faced in implementing the new Curriculum, those deriving from the teachers themsevels, and those deriving from others, like government, students and facilities. Kata kunci: permasalahan, guru, bahasa Inggris, implementasi, kurikulum 2013

  2. PENGARUH PEMAHAMAN KURIKULUM, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laeli Mafudah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi awal tentang kinerja guru di Kabupaten Semarang menunjukkan bahwa masih terdapat kendala dalam pencapaian kinerja guru yang maksimal khususnya guru mata pelajaran produktif di SMK Bisnis dan Manajemen. Populasi penelitian ini adalah guru mata pelajaran produktif Akuntansi, Administrasi Perkantoran dan Manajemen SMK di Kabupaten Semarang yang berjumlah 30 guru. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman kurikulum, motivasi kerja dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah secara simultan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 82,7%. Pengaruh secara parsial juga didapatkan pada variabel independen terhadap variabel dependen. Pemahaman kurikulum berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 18,84%. Motivasi kerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 20,43%, serta kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 21,62%. Based on beginning observation abaout teacher performance in Semarang Regency it is known that there are obstacles in achieving maximum performance of teachers especially productive subject teachers in Business and Management vocational high school. The population of this research was productive teachers of Accounting, Office Administration and Management in Semarang Regency consisted 30 teachers. Method used in collecting data was questionnaire. Variable data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that curriculumunderstanding, work motivation and principalsleadership simultaneously positive and significant influence on the performance of vocational teachers to 82.7%. Partial effect was also obtained on the independent variable on the dependent variable. Curriculumunderstandinghas positive and significant

  3. Tantangan Guru Sejarah: Pesan Sejarah sebagai Konsep Pendidikan Nilai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Senen

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Keberhasilan guru sejarah menyampaikan pesan sejarah sebagai suatu nilai moral yang perlu difahami siswa, terletak pada bagaimana cara guru mengembangkan materi pelajaran di depan kelas. Penggunaan metode pengajaran secara tepat yang dikemas secara kreatif akan memungkinkan pesan sejarah dapat disampaikan kepada siswa. Penekanan pada pesan sejarah ini penting, karena selama ini masih terkesan bahwa mata pelajaran sejarah hanya dianggap sebagai pengetahuan hafalan sejumlah peristiwa masa lalu. Hal demikian menyebabkan pemahaman siswa terhadap pelajaran sejarah sebatas pada pengetahuan deskriptif konsep apa, di mana, kapan dan mengapa suatu peristiwa sejarah terjadi, menjadi dasar mempelajari sejarah. Dalam kerangka memori tidaklah keliru. Tetapi sejarah sebagai mata pelajaran di sekolah dalam konsep pendidikan masih jauh dari harapan. Sebagai konsep pendidikan, pelajaran sejarah dapat bercerita kepada siswa. Oleh sebab itu, metode pengajaran sejarah oleh gum dengan pendekatan moral akan lebih tepat digunakan. Pendekatan moral sebagai konsep belajar mengajar lebih memungkinkan menjadikan pelajaran sejarah dinamis dalam menyikapi situasi yang berkembang dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Dengan demikian bahwa belajar sejarah memiliki dimensi masa lalu, kini dan akan datang akan terjawab melalui pendekatan moral dalam konsep pembelajarannya.

  4. SUPERVISI DALAM PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU MELALUI GUGUS SEKOLAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enis Purnawanti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan: (1 teknik yang digunakan, (2 faktor pendukung dan pendayagunaan, (3 kendala dan cara mengatasi nya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi situs di gugus sekolah I dan gugus Sekolah II Unit Dinas Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Kecamatan Munjungan melalui teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data melalui dua tahap: (1 analisis data tiap gugus, (2 analisis lintas gugus. Hasil penelitian: Teknik yang digunakan adalah teknik kelompok. Faktor pendukung dan pendayagunaan, yaitu (1 kesetiakawanan antar guru dan lembaga cukup tinggi pendayagunaan nya dengan menjalin komunikasi yang efektif antar personil dan antar lembaga; (2 Adanya dana sertifikasi dengan mewajibkan guru mengikuti kegiatan KKG dengan biaya swadaya; (3 wilayah gugus yang tidak luas pendayagunaan dengan melaksanakan koordinasi antar sekolah dan antar personil secara intens. Kendala dan cara mengatasinya yaitu: (1 tidak ada aturan yang resmi dari pemerintah tentang pelaksanaan KKG dan pengelolaan gugus solusinya dengan melaksanakan kegiatan berdasarkan RKAG; (2 komitmen guru masih rendah cara mengatasinya dengan melibatkan semua unsur yang ada di gugus dalam perencanaan, pengawasan dan evaluasi kegiatan; (3 minimnya sarana prasarana penunjang kegiatan, adapun solusinya dengan memanfaatkan fasilitas dari sekolah inti dan lembaga lain. This study aims to describe: (1 the techniques used, (2 supporting factors and utilization, (3 problems and how to resolve it. This study used a qualitative approach with a multi-site study design in school cluster I and group II Unit School Department of Education and Culture District of Munjungan through observation, interviews, and documentation. Analysis of the data in two steps: (1 analysis of the data of each group, (2 analysis across the group. RESULTS: The technique used is the technique of the group. Factors supporting and utilization, namely: (1

  5. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENGHASILAN GURU DI ERA DESENTRALISASI PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwandi Suwandi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Factors Affecting Teacher Earnings in Education Decentralization Era. The purpose of this study is to describe the factors that affect the performance and income of teachers as a profession in the context of decentralization. This study is a cross-sectional research with population of all teachers in Indonesia. The technique of schools sampling are systematic random sampling procedure with all districts/cities in Indonesia as the sampling frame. Data collection used questionnaires and data analysis used descriptive and multiple regression analysis. This study found that the recruitment and promotion of teachers rank is determined by the competence and performance instead of seniority, the dominant factor affecting educator certification is the teachers’ rank/grade and qualifications, and the two most effective main variables on the teachers’ income are ranks/grades (seniority and educators’ certificates. Keywords: decentralization, certification, teacher performance, teacher earnings   Abstrak: Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penghasilan Guru di Era Desentralisasi Pendidikan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kinerja dan penghasilan guru sebagai profesi dalam konteks desentralisasi. Penelitian ini merupakan cross sectional dengan populasi seluruh guru di Indonesia. Teknik sampel sekolah yaitu systematic random sampling procedure dengan seluruh kabupaten/kota di Indonesia sebagai sampling frame. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dan analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan regresi ganda. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa rekrutmen dan promosi pangkat guru ditentukan oleh kompetensi dan kinerja ketimbang senioritasnya, faktor dominan yang berpengaruh terhadap sertifikasi pendidik adalah pangkat/golongan dan kualifikasi guru, dan dua variable pokok yang paling tinggi efeknya terhadap penghasilan guru, yaitu pangkat/golongan (senioritas dan sertifikat pendidik.   Kata

  6. UPAYA GURU SEJARAH DALAM MENYIASATI TUNTUTAN PEMANFAATAN ICT DALAM PEMBELAJARAN DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutiyah Sutiyah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the use of ICT, the obstacles and the efforts made by teachers in the learning of history. It took place at Senior High School in Surakarta using interviews, observation and document review methods. The results show that there are teachers who are really active but there are also some others who are very rare in using ICT. Generally ICT especially the Internet is used by the teachers to supplement the materials that do not exist in textbooks and to search for images as a learning medium, especially those that can not be made by them. For students, the source of the Internet is to fulfill the tasks given by the teacher. The obstacles encountered by the history teachers in dealing with the progress of ICT in the learning of history come from the teachers, students, schools, and students’ parents. The efforts conducted by the history teachers to address those obstacles are by giving assignments, asking for help from others and completing the software.Keywords: history teacher, ICT, learning of history  Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pemanfaatan ICT, kendala-kendala dan upaya yang dilakukan oleh guru dalam pembelajaran sejarah. Penelitian mengambil lokasi di SMA Kota Surakarta dengan menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi dan kajian dokumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada guru yang begitu aktif tetapi masih ada pula yang sangat jarang menggunakan ICT. Secara umum ICT terutama internet digunakan oleh guru untuk melengkapi materi yang belum ada di buku teks dan untuk mencari gambar sebagai media pembelajaran, khususnya gambar yang tidak bisa dibuat sendiri. Bagi siswa, sumber dari internet adalah untuk memenuhi tugas yang diberikan guru. Kendala yang ditemui guru sejarah dalam menyiasati kemajuan ICT pada pembelajaran sejarah berasal dari guru, siswa, sekolah, dan orang tua siswa. Upaya yang dilakukan guru sejarah untuk mengatasi kendala-kendala itu adalah dengan penugasan, meminta bantuan orang

  7. HUBUNGAN ANTARA TAHAP KOMPETENSI FUNGSIONAL GURU DENGAN PENCAPAIAN AKADEMIK PELAJAR DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI NEGERI KELANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Saad, Norhana Mohamad; Baharuddin, Juliana; Ismail, Siti Noor

    2017-01-01

    Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti hubungan antara  tahap kompetensi fungsional guru dengan pencapaian akademik pelajar di sekolah menengah di negeri Kelantan.  Sejumlah 375 orang guru sekolah menengah di negeri Kelantan telah mengambil bahagian dalam kajian ini.  Instrumen soal selidik tahap kompetensi fungsional diadaptasi daripada Modul Penilaian Bersepadu Pegawai Perkhidmatan Pendidikan (PBPPP) Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia telah digunakan untu...

  8. KINERJA GURU BERSERTIFIKASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN MANAJEMEN MUTU PENDIDIKAN DI MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH MUHAMMADIYAH SUDUNG KEDUNGTUBAN BLORA TAHUN 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudarno Shobron

    2016-06-01

    pendidikan terakhir; 3 Kurangnya sarana prasarana misalnya ruangan UKS, dan laboratorium, sehingga masih kesulitan saat praktek pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: kinerja guru; sertifikasi; manajemen mutu; pendidikan.

  9. Assessing the Impact of Advanced Satellite Observations in the NASA GEOS-5 Forecast System Using the Adjoint Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelaro, Ron; Liu, Emily; Sienkiewicz, Meta

    2011-01-01

    The adjoint of a data assimilation system provides a flexible and efficient tool for estimating observation impacts on short-range weather forecasts. The impacts of any or all observations can be estimated simultaneously based on a single execution of the adjoint system. The results can be easily aggregated according to data type, location, channel, etc., making this technique especially attractive for examining the impacts of new hyper-spectral satellite instruments and for conducting regular, even near-real time, monitoring of the entire observing system. In this talk, we present results from the adjoint-based observation impact monitoring tool in NASA's GEOS-5 global atmospheric data assimilation and forecast system. The tool has been running in various off-line configurations for some time, and is scheduled to run as a regular part of the real-time forecast suite beginning in autumn 20 I O. We focus on the impacts of the newest components of the satellite observing system, including AIRS, IASI and GPS. For AIRS and IASI, it is shown that the vast majority of the channels assimilated have systematic positive impacts (of varying magnitudes), although some channels degrade the forecast. Of the latter, most are moisture-sensitive or near-surface channels. The impact of GPS observations in the southern hemisphere is found to be a considerable overall benefit to the system. In addition, the spatial variability of observation impacts reveals coherent patterns of positive and negative impacts that may point to deficiencies in the use of certain observations over, for example, specific surface types. When performed in conjunction with selected observing system experiments (OSEs), the adjoint results reveal both redundancies and dependencies between observing system impacts as observations are added or removed from the assimilation system. Understanding these dependencies appears to pose a major challenge for optimizing the use of the current observational network and

  10. Reply [to: Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reale, Oreste; Lau, William K.

    2010-01-01

    This article is a Reply to a Comment by Scott Braun on a previously published article by O. Reale, K.-M. Lau, and E. Brin: "Atlantic tropical cyclogenetic processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 global data assimilation and forecast system", by Reale, Lau and Brin, hereafter referred to as RA09. RA09 investigated the role of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) in tropical cyclogenetic processes associated with a non-developing easterly wave observed during the Special Observation Period (SOP-3) phase of the 2006 NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (MAMMA). The wave was chosen because both interact heavily with Saharan air. Results showed: a) very steep moisture gradients are associated with the SAL in forecasts and analyses even at great distance from the Sahara; b) a thermal dipole (warm above, cool below) in the non-developing case. RA09A suggested that radiative effect of dust may play some role in producing a thermal structure less favorable to cyclogenesis, and also indicated that only global horizontal resolutions on the order of 20-30 kilometers can capture the large-scale transport and the fine thermal structure of the SAL Braun (2010) questions those results attributing the wave dissipation to midlatitude air. The core discussion is on a dry filament preceding the wave, on the presence of dust, and on the origin of the air contained in this dry filament. In the 'Reply', higher resolution analyses than the ones used by Braun, taken at almost coincident times with Aqua and Terra passes, are shown, to emphasize how the channel of dry air associated with W1 is indeed rich in dust. Backtrajectories on a higher resolution grid are also performed, leading to results drastically different from Braun (2010), and in particularly showing that there is a clear contribution of Saharan air. Finally, the 'Reply' presents evidence on that analyses at a horizontal resolution of one degree are inadequate to investigate such feature.

  11. PROGRAM PPG UNTUK MEMBANGUN KOMPETENSI GURU GEOGRAFI (STUDI KASUS DI UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mega Prani Ningsih

    2016-10-01

    menjelaskan bentuk implementasi Program PPG SM3T dalam membangun kompetensi guru geografi alumni program SM3T. Bentuk implementasi Program PPG SM3T meliputi proses pengembangan kurikulum hingga penilaian kompetensi guru geografi. Kompetensi yang dimaksud adalah kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi kepribadian, kompetensi sosial, dan kompetensi profesional. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian studi kasus di Universitas Negeri Malang. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan model interaktif Miles dan Huberman. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa bentuk implementasi Program PPG meliputi beberapa tahapan, yaitu (1 tahap pengembangan silabus oleh pihak terkait sesuai kebijakan universitas; (2 tahap pra kondisi sebagai gabungan tahap pra kondisi dan pleno 1; (3 tahap sistem pembelajaran yang terdiri dari beberapa tahapan dan kegiatan pembelajaran, yaitu (a tahap workshop SSP terdiri atas tahapan kegiatan pleno 2, yaitu pendalaman materi kurikulum 2013, pre-test, diskusi kelompok yaitu diskusi materi geografi dan pedagogik yang belum dipahami, kerja kelompok mandiri yaitu menyusun perangkat pembelajaran, gabungan tahap pleno 3, revisi dan persetujuan RPP, yaitu peer teaching, tes formatif, KKL dan melakukan kegiatan insidental seperti menulis jurnal dan artikel ilmiah; (b tahap PPL terdiri dari tahapan prosesi penyerahan mahasiswa PPL ke sekolah, pelatihan KMD oleh pihak PPG, melakukan kegiatan mengajar dan non mengajar, penelitian PTK, dan uji kinerja berupa Lesson Study; dan (c tahap uji kompetensi terdiri dari, pendalaman materi subtansial geografi, Ujian Tulis Lokal, dan Ujian Tulis Nasional. Tahapan implementasi diarahkan dalam membangun kompetensi guru geografi, yaitu pedagogik, kepribadian, sosial, dan profesional.

  12. PENGARUH KOMUNIKASI INTERN DAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP EFEKTIVITAS KERJA GURU DAN KARYAWAN SMP NEGERI 1 SURUH KABUPATEN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Muhsin

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang dikaji dalam penelitian ini adalah : 1 Adakah pengaruh komunikasi intern terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan? 2 Adakah pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan? 3 Seberapa besar pengaruh komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan? Tujuan penelitian ini adalah : 1 untuk mengetahui ada dan besarnya pengaruh komunikasi intern terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan. 2 Untuk mengetahui ada dan besarnya pengaruh Kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan. 3.Untuk mengetahui ada dan besarnya pengaruh komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua guru dan karyawan yang ada di SMP Negeri 1 Suruh kabupaten Semarang yang berjumlah 40 orang.. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan  program statistic SPSS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pengaruh positif antara Komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan sebesar 68,7%. Uji pengaruh secara parsial menunjukkan bahwa seluruh variabel bebas  Komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap Efektivitas kerja  dengan besarnya pengaruh masing-masing adalah 32,61% Untuk Komunikasi intern dan 25,62% untuk kepemimpinan kepala sekolah. Kata Kunci : Komunikasi Intern. Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Efektivitas Kerja

  13. PENGARUH KINERJA MENGAJAR GURU, KETERLIBATAN ORANG TUA, AKTUALISASI DIRI DAN MOTIVASI BERPRESTASI TERHADAP PRESTASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Junianto

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri dan motivasi berprestasi terhadap prestasi siswa kelas XII pada mata pelajaran teori Teknik Kendaraan Ringan di SMK Negeri Se-Kabupaten Gunungkidul. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian kuantitatif dengan rancangan ex post facto.  Populasi penelitian ini sebanyak 535 siswa dengan sampel sebanyak 237 siswa, yang ditentukan secara proportional random sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan dua cara yaitu angket dan tes prestasi. Data penelitian yang terkumpul dianalisis menggunakan analisis regresi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri dan motivasi berprestasi masing-masing sebesar 0,145; 0,128; 0,108; dan 0,098. Kata kunci: kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri, motivasi berprestasi, prestasi belajar

  14. PENGARUH SELF EFFICACY, PRESTISE PROFESI GURU DAN STATUS SOSIAL EKONOMI ORANG TUA TERHADAP MINAT MENJADI GURU AKUNTANSI PADA MAHASISWA PENDIDIKAN AKUNTANSI 2011 FE UNNES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ita Astarini

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Minat menjadi guru akuntansi merupakan perasaan suka, tertarik atau perhatian seseorang terhadap profesi guru akuntansi. Minat dapat dipengaruhi beberapa faktor baik intrinsik maupun ekstrinsik. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adakah pengaruh self efficacy, prestise profesi guru dan status sosial ekonomi orang tua terhadap minat menjadi guru akuntansi pada mahasiswa program studi pendidikan akuntansi angkatan 2011 FE UNNES baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa pendidikan ekonomi (akuntansi angkatan 2011 FE UNNES sebanyak 178 mahasiswa. Penetuan jumlah sampel menggunakan rumus Slovin dan didapat 123 mahasiswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan menggunakan teknik proportional random sampling. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode kuesioner. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferensial. Hasil perhitungan secara simultan menunjukkan bahwa pengaruh self efficacy, prestise profesi guru dan status sosial ekonomi orang tua terhadap minat menjadi guru akuntansi sebesar 49,9%, sedangkan sisanya 50,1% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diungkap dalam penelitian ini. Secara parsial besarnya pengaruh pengaruh self efficacy terhadap minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi sebesar 43,29%, pengaruh prestise profesi terhadap minat menjadi guru akuntansi sebesar 9,42%, dan pengaruh status sosial ekonomi orang tua terhadap minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi 5,90%. Interest to become a accounting teachers is feeling like, interested or someone's attention to the accounting teacher profession. Interests can be influenced by several factors, both intrinsic and extrinsic. The purpose of this research is to determine the influence between self-efficacy, students perceptions about the prestige of the teaching profession and socio-economic status of parents to interest become accounting teacher in accounting education students of class of 2011

  15. PENGARUH DISIPLIN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Wahyudi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh simultan dan parsial disiplin kerja, motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah terhadap kinerja guru. Populasi dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 37 guru, penentuan sampel menggunakan rumus yang dikembangkan oleh Isaac & Michael yang berjumlah 34 guru. Sampel diambil menggunakan teknik sample random sampling. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner tertutup. Analisis yang digunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis inferensial parametriks. Hasil penelitian diperoleh terdapat pengaruh simultan disiplin kerja,motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 65,4 %. Terdapat pengaruh parsial disiplin kerja sebesar 17.56%, motivasi kerja sebesar 27.77%, dan supervisi kepala sekolah sebesar 15.21% terhadap kinerja guru. Dengan adanya disiplin kerja, motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah dapat meningkatkan kinerja guru. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there was influences of working discipline, working motivation, school principal supervision toward working performance teachers. The population in this research was 37 teacher’s, determination of the sample using the formula developed by Isaac & Michael, amounting to 34 teacher’s. Samples were taken using simple random sampling technique. The data collection methods used a closed questionnaire. The analysis technique use were descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The research results are simultaneous the influence of working discipline, working motivation, and school principal supervision toward working performance teachers is 65.4%. There is a partial influence of working discipline is 17.56%, work motivation is 27.77%, and school principal supervision of 15:21% toward performance of teachers. With the existence of working discipline, working motivation, and school principal supervision can improve teacher performance.

  16. Upaya Meningkatkan Keefektifan Pembelajaran bahasa Inggris melalui Kreativitas Guru dalam Merancang Tugas-Tugas Komunikatif di SMA 2 Wonosari (Penelitian Tindakan Kelas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurudin Prihartono

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap upaya meningkatkan keefektifan pembelajaran bahasa Inggris melalui kreativitas guru dalam merancang tugas-tugas komunikatif di SMA 2 Wonosari. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas XC dan XD. Data penelitian ini adalah data kualitatif. Sumber data adalah guru sekaligus sebagai peneliti, kolaborator utama (guru bahasa Inggris kelas lain} siswa, dan kepala sekolah (PTH sebagai kolaborator pendukung. Teknik perolehan data adalah observasi dan wawancara. Observasi proses belajar mengajar dilakukan oleh guru peneliti dibantu kolaborator utama dan kepala sekolah. Untuk memperoleh data perilaku guru dan siswa, digunakan lembar observasi Wawancara dilakukan oleh guru peneliti dengan siswa, kolaborator utama, dan kepala sekolah untuk memperoleh data perilaku guru dan siswa, dengan menggunakan pedoman wawancara dan direkam dengan tape recorder. Data dianalisis dari catatan lapangan dan hasil wawancara. Untuk menghindari subjekdvitas, peneliti meng-gunakan triangulasL Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada perubahan positif yakni: proses belajar mengajar bahasa Inggris menjadi lebih aktif; siswa lebih aktif dalam pembelajaran; siswa lebih berani berbahasa Inggris; siswa lebih antusias dalam pembelajaran; guru bahasa Inggris kelas lain dan Kepala Sekolah mendapat pengetahuan dan pengalaman dalam perancangan dan penerapan tugas-tugas komunikatif serta pengelolaan interaksi guru-siswa; dan guru peneliti lebih percaya diri dalam mengajarkan bahasa Inggris. Kata Kunci: keefektifan pembelajaran bahasa inggris, kreativitas guru, merancang tugas komunikatif.

  17. Pengaruh Kompetensi Pedagogik dan Kompetensi Profesional Guru terhadap Economic Literacy melalui Prestasi Belajar Siswa Kelas XII IPS di SMA Kota Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denik Wulandari

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji pengaruh (1 kompetensi pedagogik guru terhadap economic literacy melalui prestasi belajar siswa, (2 kompetensi profesional guru terhadap economic literacy melalui prestasi belajar siswa. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas XII IPS di SMA RSBI se-Kota Malang pada tahun 2012, data diperoleh dari angket, tes, dan dokumentasi. Hasil pene-litian: (1 kompetensi pedagogik guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap economic literacy; (2 kompetensi pedagogik guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar; (3 prestasi belajar berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap economic literacy; (4 kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap economic literacy; dan (5 kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut secara keseluruhan dapat diketahui bahwa kompetensi pedagogik dan kompetensi profesional guru dapat mempengaruhi economic literacy siswa melalui prestasi belajar siswa. Kata kunci: kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi profesional, prestasi belajar, economic literacy

  18. Peningkatan Kesiapan Guru dalam Mengintegrasikan Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup di Tingkat Pendidikan Dasar melalui Penyiapan Modul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istamar Syamsuri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan modul Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup (PLH guna meningkatkan kesiapan guru dalam mengintegrasikan PLH ke dalam mata pelajaran di SD dan SMP. Ada tiga tahapan penelitian. Tahap eksplorasi bertujuan mendapatkan gambaran pelaksanaan pengajaran PLH selama ini. Tahap eksperimentasi bertujuan menguji keefektifan modul. Tahap evaluasi bertujuan mengevaluasi modul. Eksplorasi dilakukan di SD dan SMP se-Jawa, dengan menyebarkan angket. Eksperimen dilaksanakan di Jawa Timur dengan rancangan Prates-Pascates Rambang Tiga Kelompok. Hasil eksplorasi menunjukkan bahwa guru SD dan SMP belum siap mengintegrasikan PLH yang disusun cukup dapat diandalkan

  19. DETERMINAN KESIAPAN GURU EKONOMI SMA DALAM IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM 2013 DI KABUPATEN PURBALINGGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arina Tri Astuti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi awal, diketahui bahwa 75% guru ekonomi SMA belum siap dalam mengimplementasikan kurikulum 2013. Selain itu, terdapat kendala dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 yakni kurangnya fasilitas yang mendukung dan kurangnya pelatihan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh kompetensi guru, pelatihan, fasilitas sekolah, kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan peran pengawas sekolah terhadap kesiapan guru ekonomi SMA dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di Kabupaten Purbalingga. Populasi penelitian ini adalah guru ekonomi SMA di Kabupaten Purbalingga yang berjumlah 36 guru. Penelitian ini termasuk dalam penelitian sensus dikarenakan jumlah populasi yang sedikit. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengambilan data adalah angket. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini secara statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh kompetensi guru, pelatihan, fasilitas sekolah, kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan peran pengawas sekolah secara simultan sebesar 74,5%. Secara parsial kompetensi guru berpengaruh sebesar 14,82%, pelatihan berpengaruh sebesar 30,36%, fasilitas sekolah berpengaruh 15,13% dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh sebesar 12,74%, sedangkan peran pengawas sekolah tidak berpengaruh terhadap kesiapan guru ekonomi dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013. Based on the beginning observation, it is known that 75% of high school economics teacher is not ready to implement curriculum 2013. Besides, there were obstacles in implementing curriculum 2013 such as the lack of supporting facilities and training. This study investigates whether there are influences of teacher competence, training, school facilities, principal leadership and supervisory roles on senior high school economics teachers in implementing curriculum 2013 in Purbalingga regency. The population of this research was the senior high school economics teachers in Purbalingga regency consisted of 36

  20. EVALUASI KINERJA GURU FISIKA, BIOLOGI DAN KIMIA SMA YANG SUDAH LULUS SERTIFIKASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusrizal Yusrizal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan (1 mengembangkan instrumen evaluasi kinerja guru yang valid dan reliabel, (2 mengevaluasi kinerja guru Fisika, Biologi, dan Kimia SMA yang sudah terser-tifikasi/menerima tunjangan profesi. Populasi penelitian yaitu seluruh guru Fisika, Biologi dan Kimia SMA tersertifikasi/pene-rima tunjangan profesi yang berada di Kota Banda Aceh, Kabupaten Aceh Besar dan Kabupaten Pidie. Validitas konstruk instrumen yang dikembangkan dibuktikan melalui analisis fak-tor, dan reliabilitasnya diestimasi dengan rumus alpha Cron-bach. Analisis tingkat kinerja ditentukan dengan persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 instrumen yang dikembang-kan terdiri atas 33 butir pernyataan, dan memiliki koefisien reliabilitas konsistensi internal sebesar 0,953; (2 kinerja guru Fisika, Biologi, dan Kimia SMA yang sudah lulus sertifikasi dan sudah menerima tunjangan belum seluruhnya berkinerja tinggi; (3 kinerja guru Kimia relatif lebih baik dari pada kinerja guru Biologi dan guru Fisika. Kata kunci: evaluasi, kinerja guru, validitas, reliabilitas ______________________________________________________________ AN EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF CERTIFIED SCIENCE TEACHERS (PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS Abstract This study was aimed at (1 developing a valid and reliable performance evaluation instruments for teachers, and (2 evaluating the level of Physics, Biology and Chemistry teachers of senior high schools who have been certified and received theprofession allowance. The population of this study included all certified Physics, Biology and Chemistry teachers of senior high schools who have received profession allowance in Banda Aceh, Aceh Besar, and Pidie. The construct validity of the instrument developed was assessed through factor analysis, and the reliability was estimated by using Cronbach’s Alpha formula. The level of teachers’performance was analyzed by the percentage. The result of the research shows that (1 the

  1. MEMBANGUN PROFESIONALISME GURU KONSELING SEKOLAH MELALUI PENYAMPAIAN BAHASA YANG SANTUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istina Rakhmawati

    2014-01-01

    Kata Kunci: Profesionalisme  Guru Konseling, Stelistika Bahasa PROFESSIONALISM   OF  TEACHER SCHOOL BUILDING THROUGH COUNSELING FOR SUBMISSION OF LANGUAGE POLITE.This  paper aims to find out the demands of the competence of teachers,  including  teachers,  school  guidance and counseling as a profession will inevitably be met. Teachers build a professional  counseling  services will  be  requested  by the service user accountability  in schools. The problem, whether the counseling service (BK has been implemented  by teachers in a professional counseling? Is the  guidance and counseling teacher professionalism have reached the professional standards set? The issues are complex and widespread, the  lack of professional  guidance  and counseling teachers as a result of competence guidance and counseling teacher are inadequate, and demand changes in the competitive professional services, require an increase in the professionalism of teachers guidance and counseling particularly  related  attitudes,  knowledge  and skills guidance  teachers  and counseling. Currently  Teachers Counseling at school  is less selective  in terms of providing guidance should be obtained student. The results of this paper is under the teacher’s role counseling should not only oriented to the career guidance but also should pay attention to tutoring , guidance  to be good, the guidance behaves politely, honest, and guidance homage to the father-mother teacher and guidance to the public the academic community ( friends peer at school or in this case to obey the rules discipline in school and outside  school. One  to determine the potential of students by conducting  pilot classes  and tests  students’  abilities and talents. Keywords: Professionalism, Teacher Counseling , Stelistika  Language

  2. MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGI GURU MELALUI LESSON STUDY MENUJU MUTU PEMBELAJARAN GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syafruddin Syafruddin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to examine strategies for improving pedagogical competence through in service training that is more focused on the empowerment of teachers in accordance with the capacity and the problems faced by teachers in the classroom, to improve the quality of teacher learning through lesson study. lesson study is a model of professional development of educators through collaborative learning and continuous assessment based on collegiality and mutual learning. to build a learning community. lesson study selected and implemented in order to improve the pedagogical competence as an effective way to improve the quality of learning and teaching in class. Lesson study carried out in the form of a cycle plan-do-see. through lesson study expected to increase pedagogical competence and increase the quality of learning.

  3. PENGARUH SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN MOTIVASI KERJA GURU TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    uli uslihatul ulya

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Teachers performance is a job result that reached by teacher in perform duty assignment that is charged to them.� In Fact there are many� problems / con- straint that gets bearing with teacher performance, amongst those, not all teacher are develop Lesson Plan until maximal. where at in it don�t at education point entries nation character and has no it Explorations, Elaboration, Confirmation in activity fundamental learning. Then in teaching and learning interaction performing, not all teacher are utilize media and a variety learning model. Method that is utilized is not variation,only discourse and question-answer. Besides it, extant teacher which haven�t performed Action Research brazes. That thing because of� headmaster su- pervision was not performed with best and teacher have not high job motivation. Problem formulation in this research is what exists positive influence headmaster supervision and teacher job motivation for economics-accountancy teachers perfor- mance in every SMA Negeri of� Pemalang Regency whether simultan or partial.

  4. Print and Electronic Resources: Usage Statistics at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Kanta

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to quantify the use of electronic journals in comparison with the print collections in the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library. Design/methodology/approach: A detailed analysis was made of the use of lending services, the Xerox facility and usage of electronic journals such as Science Direct,…

  5. Print and Electronic Resources: Usage Statistics at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Kanta

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to quantify the use of electronic journals in comparison with the print collections in the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library. Design/methodology/approach: A detailed analysis was made of the use of lending services, the Xerox facility and usage of electronic journals such as Science Direct,…

  6. Jaap Sahib : The Cosmology of Guru Gobind Singh -Translated into English and French Verse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Daneille; Gill, Harjeet Singh

    In this cosmology, Guru Gobind Singh presents a correspondence and concordance between the physical and the metaphysical, between the secular and the spiritual. It presents a possibility that can revolutionise the whole historical progression of mankind. (With Text in Original Gurumukhi Script and Roman Transliteration).

  7. KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL GURU TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN IPS DI SD INPRES 6/86 LABURASSENG DESA LABURASSENG KECAMATAN LIBURENG KABUPATEN BONE SULAWESI SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Taufiq Halim

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh jauhnya lokasi sekolah dari pusat perkotaan sehingga menyebabkan kurangnya informasi yang masuk ke sekolah ini. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan konstruksi sosial guru terhadap pembelajaran IPS, mendeskripsikan implementasi pembelajaran IPS di SD Inpres 6/86 Laburasseng, mendeskripsikan dampak pembelajaran IPS di SD Inpres 6/86 Laburasseng. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis dalam penelitian ini dengan menggunakan model interaktif yakni pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan verifikasi data. Hasil penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa konstruksi sosial guru terhadap pembelajaran IPS berbeda-beda khususnya pada tahap objektifikasi dan terjadi pergeseran pandangan terhadap pembelajaran IPS yang ideal yang menyebabkan implementasi dari pembelajaran IPS menyimpang sehingga berdampak pada perilaku siswa. Berdasarkan hal tersebut disarankan agar guru-guru lebih aktif untuk mengikuti pelatihan-pelatihan serta diklat-diklat dan mencari informasi yang lebih banyak untuk menambah wawasan tentang pembelajaran IPS. The research was distributed by school location away from urban centres so that the cause of the lack of information coming into this school. The purpose of this study is to describe the social construction of teachers towards social science learning, social science learning implementation described in the primary presidential instruction 6/86 Laburasseng, described the impact of  social science learning in the primary presidential instruction 6/86 Laburasseng. This research includes qualitative research. The technique of data collection conducted in-depth interviews with, observation and documentation. Analytical techniques in the study with the use of interactive models i.e., data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and data verification. The research found that

  8. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, PENGELOLAAN YAYASAN, FASILITAS SEKOLAH, DAN MOTIVASI KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rizky Rahayuningtyas

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, pengelolaan yayasan, fasilitas sekolah, dan motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMK Palebon Semarang secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah semua guru di SMK Palebon Semarang yang berjumlah 50 orang . Metode pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode angket. Variabel bebas pada penelitian ini yaitu kinerja guru. Sedangkan variabel terikat yaitu kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, pengelolaan yayasan, fasilitas sekolah, dan motivasi kerja. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh positif kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, pengelolaan yayasan, fasilitas sekolah, dan motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMK Palebon Semarang secara simultan maupun parsial. Untuk penelitian selanjutnya diharapkan dapat menggunakan variabel lain yang tidak digunakan dalam penelitian ini yang secara parsial maupun simultan dapat berpengaruh terhadap kinerja guru. The early observation result accompanying interview and observation were implemented by involving the teachers, the headmaster, and the foundation leader of SMK Palebon Semarang could be described that it was still needed the optimizing of teachers perfomance in implementing the duty and responsibility of teaching as well as the teacher’s attitude and behaviour as the student and people guidance. This research was a population approach research which involved 50 teachers at SMK Palebon Semarang and used two variables; independent and dependent variable. The headmaster leadership, foundation management, school facility, and working motivation as independent variable while teachers performance as dependent variable. The collecting data technique used questionnaire. Then, analysing and processing data technique used presentation descriptive and multiple regression technique. The research result shows there is a positive effect of the headmaster leadership, foundation management, school

  9. Kepemimpinan Kharismatis-Transformatif Tuan Guru Dalam Perubahan Sosial Masyarakat Sasak-Lombok Melalui Pendidikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Iwan Fitriani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article studies about  social change of Lombok Moslems under Tuan Guru’s Leadership. Here, Tuan Guru won’t be studied personally but focused on rationale, forms, sources of influence and leadership type of Tuan Guru in social change of Moslem Lombok community. Term of Tuan Guru derives from Tuan (al ha>jj dan guru (teacher, but not all of al ha>jj and teachers are called Tuan Guru for a main reason that Tuan Guru is a name for someone which is obtained from social legitimation and based on his knowledge and behaviour. Tuan Guru is sometimes called as Kyai, but not all of Kyais are Tuan Guru. This article showed that social changes done by Tuan Guru since there’s a gap between ideal and behavioral pattern among Lombok Moslem community, evolutif and planned form of change through educating society, Tuan Guru’s sources of influence consist of positional and personal power where Tuan Guru is regarded as waratsatu al-anbiya>’i and the legitimated interpreter or custodian of islamic teaching. What is said and done by Tuan Guru will be referrence of Lombok Moslems and the last is charismatic-transformative leadership type of Tuan Guru consists of idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, individual consideration and inspirational motivation.    الملخص: درست هذه المقالة التغيّر الإجتماعي في المجتمع اللومبوكي تحت رياسة توان غورو. ولا تدرس هذه المقالة توان غورو كفرد وإنما تركّز في الحجة والشكل ومصدر الـتأثير ونمط رياسته في تغيّر المجتمع اللومبوكي المسلم.  وأصل مصطلح توان غورو من كلمة tuan  (الحاجّ و   guru (مدرّس ، ولكن ليس كل حاجّ يدرّس  هو توان غورو. لأن هذا المصطلح  من اعتراف المجتمع على أساس العلم وصلاح سلوك الشخص

  10. PENINGKATAN PROFESIONALISME GURU DAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI DI SEKOLAH MELALUI LESSON STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Sriyati

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This research was done to investigate impact of lesson study in order to improve teachers professionalism and the quality of teaching learning process in Biology. Although lesson study has been conducted since the year of 2005 at numerous schools in Bandung, information on how far such activity does give impact to teacher as instructor and teacher as observer has not been uncovered. The research was undertaken by spreading questions to the instructor as well as the observer. Furthermore, quality of teaching learning process in the school was observed at SMP Lab. School and SMA Lab. School UPI. The research resulted in insight that through lesson study, teachers both served as instructor and observer can improve such competency as pedagogy, professional, personality, social as clearly indicated in “ UU Guru dan Dosen No. 14 Tahun 2005”. However, for those teachers as observers, competency of pedagogy has not been significantly explored. Both the instructors and observers have not entirely user their KBM (teaching learning process to conduct PTK (classroom action research. In addition, the KBM conducted in lesson study can improve quality of teaching learning process in the classroom based upon good interaction between students and teachers as well as among students (in or out the groups during discussion and percentage of students who actively learned. Through model teaching learning process developed in lesson study, students are trained to improve their ability in scientific work and to connect biology concept to its application in daily life using local materials. Keyword : Teacher’s professionalism, lesson study, KBM (Teaching learning process,PTK (Classroom action research

  11. KETIKA KEBIJAKAN ORDE LAMA MEMASUKI DOMAIN PENDIDIKAN: PENYIAPAN DAN KINERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umasih Umasih

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reveals how the educational policy in Indonesia during The Old Order. The domination of government (Soekarno as expressed in the domination theory by Antonio Gramsci which a politic is a commander and it can dominate whole Indonesia society life including an educational aspect. Furthermore, Soekarno as an individual manivesto has given a space for PKI because of their closeness. When the Minister, Prijono, issued a decision concerning about Pancawardhana Educational System, The Institution of National Education which is affiliated by PKI giving a formulation of Pancacinta. An education in the political manifesto obliges teachers enter into a practical politics life, teachers have to be revolutionary . It means that the learning practice is given toward students through indoctrination.  No less than 2000 teachers in the East java and the Cental Java finally became PKI members, then about  580 teachers of elementary school from the West Java. Even PKI has succeeded to divide the organization of teacher’s membership into The Cental Vak PGRI and  non Vak Central PGRI. Keywords : The Old Order, The Pacawardhana Educational System, the performance of elementary teachers.  Artikel ini mengungkapkan bagaimana kebijakan pendidikan Indonesia pada masa Orde Lama. Dominasi pemerintah (Soekarno seperti diungkapkan dalam teori  dominasi oleh ntonio Gramsci di mana politik adalah panglima dan dapat mendominasi segala kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia termasuk dalam bidang pendidikan. Tidak hanya itu, Presiden Soekarno sebagai manivesto perseorangan  juga  telah  memberi ruang gerak pada PKI karena kedekatan hubungannya dengan Presiden Soekarno.  Ketika Menteri Prijono mengeluarkan keputusan tentang Sistem Pendidikan Pancawardhana, Lembaga Pendidikan Nasional yang berafiliasi dengan PKI memberi rumusan tentang Pancacinta. Pendidikan dalam alam manipol mengharuskan guru terjun dalam kehidupan politik praktis, guru harus revolusioner yang

  12. Suplemen Panduan Guru dalam Pengembangan Pembelajaran Tematik Kompetensi Dasar Matematika Kelas IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isti Hidayah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah Dasar (SD dengan penguatan tahapan enaktif-ikonik-simbolik berbantuan serang-kaian pertanyaan produktif. Perangkat pembelajaran berupa Panduan Guru sebagai suple-men dalam mengembangkan rancangan pembelajaran tematik kompetensi dasar (KD Ma-tematika kelas IV semester gasal. Penelitian ini telah menghasilkan Panduan Guru dengan perangkatnya, yaitu alat peraga sebagai representasi enaktif; media visual dalam bentuk po-werpoint sebagai representasi ikonik; lembar kegiatan peserta didik (LKPD dan lembar tu-gas peserta didik (LTPD, serta kartu masalah (contextual problem. Produk yang telah di-hasilkan akan membantu guru dalam mengembangkan rancangan pembelajaran dalam im-plementasi Kurikulum 2013. Hasil implementasi menunjukkan bahwa produk penelitian be-rupa Suplemen Panduan Guru membantu guru dalam mengembangkan rancangan dan pe-laksanaan pembelajaran dengan pendekatan ilmiah. Penyempurnaan Suplemen difokuskan pada keterpaduan aspek sikap, keterampilan, dan pengetahuan.Kata kunci: suplemen panduan guru; pembelajaran tematik KD Matematika; contextual                         problem   AbstractThe purpose of this research is to develop elementary mathematics learning devices with reinforcement stages enactive-iconic-symbolic aidednquestion series of productive to strengthen the ability of solving Mathematics problem students since early. A learning device Teacher’s Guide as a supplement in developing basic competencies thematic lesson plan fourth grade Math odd semester. This research has produced a Teacher’s Guide with the device; witch is a representation enactive prop; visual media in the form of PowerPoint as iconic representations; students’ activity sheets (LKPD and students’ task sheet (LTPD, and card problems (contextual problem. The benefit of this research that has been produced to assist teachers in developing

  13. PENGETAHUAN AWAL CALON GURU BIOLOGI TENTANG KONSEP KATABOLISME KARBOHIDRAT (RESPIRASI SELULER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Rahmatan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengetahuan awal mahasiswa calon guru Biologi semester dua pada salah satu LPTK di provinsi Aceh, mengenai konsep katabolisme karbohidrat (respirasi seluler. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa mahasiswa calon guru Biologi semester dua pada salah satu LPTK di provinsi Aceh belum mengetahui konsep katabolisme karbohidrat sebagai pengetahuan awal dengan baik, walaupun konsep tersebut telah diberikan pada jenjang pendidikan sebelumnya. Oleh karena itu, sebaiknya dosen harus mengetahui pengetahual awal mahasiswa, sehingga pengajaran sains dapat lebih bermakna.The purpose of this research is to find out the initial knowledge of catabolism carbohydrate (cellular respiration for second semester students of Biology teacher candidate in one of LPTK Aceh. The result shows that the students do not have good initial knowledge about the concept although they already got the material in the previous semester. Therefore, it is important to the lecturer to recognize the initial knowledge of students to give the right treatment for science teaching.

  14. PENGETAHUAN AWAL CALON GURU BIOLOGI TENTANG KONSEP KATABOLISME KARBOHIDRAT (RESPIRASI SELULER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Rahmatan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengetahuan awal mahasiswa calon guru Biologi semester dua pada salah satu LPTK di provinsi Aceh, mengenai konsep katabolisme karbohidrat (respirasi seluler. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa mahasiswa calon guru Biologi semester dua pada salah satu LPTK di provinsi Aceh belum mengetahui konsep katabolisme karbohidrat sebagai pengetahuan awal dengan baik, walaupun konsep tersebut telah diberikan pada jenjang pendidikan sebelumnya. Oleh karena itu, sebaiknya dosen harus mengetahui pengetahual awal mahasiswa, sehingga pengajaran sains dapat lebih bermakna.The purpose of this research is to find out the initial knowledge of catabolism carbohydrate (cellular respiration for second semester students of Biology teacher candidate in one of LPTK Aceh. The result shows that the students do not have good initial knowledge about the concept although they already got the material in the previous semester. Therefore, it is important to the lecturer to recognize the initial knowledge of students to give the right treatment for science teaching.

  15. KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL GURU IPS TENTANG PEMBELAJARAN IPS DI MTS KECAMATAN KOTA SUMENEP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidi Rasyid

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini mendeskripsikan tentang (1 mengetahui konstruksi sosial guru IPS, (2 Implementasi pembelajaran guru di Kelas, (3 Paradigma kepala sekolah tentang pembelajaran IPS.Metode penelitian menggunakan kualitatif, tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menggali substansi mendasar dibalik fakta yang terjadi pada guru IPS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa guru IPS mengkonstruksikan IPS menjadi empat konstruksi, (1 IPS adalah ilmu pengetahuan sosial yang peserta didik diharuskan bisa bersikap sosial yang baik sebagai perwujudan dari ilmu pengetahuan sosial, (2 IPS adalah mengkaji kehidupan sehari-hari dan masalah sosial yang ada dalam masyarakat, (3 IPS adalah mengkaji tentang hubungan manusia baik individu dengan individu, individu dengan kelompok maupun kelompok dengan kelompok, (4 IPS adalah mata pelajaran yang di dalamnya ada mata pelajaran sejarah, geografi, sosiologi dan ekonomi. This study describes the purpose of (1 determine the social construction of social studies teachers, (2 Implementation of teacher learning in class, (3 the principal of the learning paradigm of social studies. Using qualitative research methods, the main purpose of this study was to explore the fundamental substance behind the facts that occurred in social studies teacher. The results showed that teachers of social studies constructs into four construction, (1 social studies is a social studies that students are required to be good social as the embodiment of social studies, (2 social studies is reviewing everyday life and social problems that exist in the community, (3 social studies is to examine whether individual human relationships with individuals, groups of individuals and groups with the group, (4 social studiess are subjects in which there is the eye the lessons of history, geography, sociology and economics

  16. PENGARUH SIKAP GURU TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN KARAKTER (PEDULI SOSIAL SISWA DI MI MADINATUNNAJAH KOTA CIREBON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Busyaeri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKSikap merupakan sesuatu yang dipelajari dan sikap menentukan bagaimana individu bereaksi terhadap situasi serta menentukan apa yang dicari individu dalam kehidupannya. Sikap mengandung tiga komponen, yaitu komponen kognitif, komponen afektif dan tingkah laku. Sikap selalu berkenaan dengan suatu objek dan sikap terhadap objek ini disertai dengan perasaan positif dan negatif. Sikap dari seorang guru adalah salah satu faktor yang menentukan bagi perkembangan jiwa anak didik selanjutnya. Karena sikap seorang guru tidak hanya dilihat dalam waktu mengajar saja, tetapi juga dilihat tingkah lakunya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari oleh anak didiknya.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pendekatan kuantitatif, untuk pengumpulan data dilaksanakan dengan teknik penyebaran angket dan studi dokumentasi. Pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini dilakukan dengan cara populasi sampel dan dipilih kelas V yang berjumlah 24 siswa. yang dijadikan sampel pada penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V. Dan untuk menganalisis data, penulis menggunakan analisis regresi dengan bantuan program SPSS 17.0 for windows. Pengaruh sikap guru di MI Madinatunajah kota Cirebon berada dalam kategori sedang. Hal ini dapat diketahui bahwa hasil angket pengaruh sikap guru sebesar 42,08 berada pada interval 36-55 (sedang, Dan pengembangan karaktr (peduli social kelas V di MI Madinataunnajah  mencapai 43,42 sedangkan median (nilai tengahnya adalah 44,00, serta modus (nilai yang sering muncul juga diperoleh dengan nilai 44. Dari hasil analisis menunjukan Koefisien Korelasi sebesar 0,511 dan Koefisien Determinasi sebesar 26,11 %. Dan nilai thitung  sebesar 2,787. Karena thitung > ttabel yakni 2,787 > 1,717. Maka hipotesis diterima.

  17. IKLIM SEKOLAH DAN KOMITMEN GURU DI SEKOLAH AGAMA BANTUAN KERAJAAN (SABK) NEGERI KELANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Kasim, Mohamad Adnan Bin Mohamad; Ismail, Siti Noor; Mohammad, Suhaila; Ibrahim, Hasliza

    2017-01-01

    Program Pendaftaran Sekolah Agama Rakyat (SAR) dan Sekolah Agama Negeri (SAN) adalah satu usaha murni kerajaan untuk membantu dan memperkasakan sekolah-sekolah agama di Malaysia.  Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tahap iklim sekolah dan komitmen guru Sekolah Agama Bantuan Kerajaan (SABK) di negeri Kelantan.  Artikel ini penting kerana kedua-dua variabel terlibat adalah merupakan aset utama danterkandung dalam anjakan keempat PPPM 2013-2025. Sebanyak 9 buah sekolah telah dipilih secara r...

  18. Menajemen Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Tindak Lanjut Uji Kompetensi Guru SD di LPMP Kalimantan Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komalasari Komalasari

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap: (1 perencanaan, (2 pengorganisasian, (3 pelaksananaan dan (4 pengawasan pada pendidikan dan pelatihan (diklat tindak lanjut uji kompetensi guru SD di LPMP Kalimantan Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, dokumentasi dan observasi dengan melibatkan pengelola diklat, fasilitator, dan peserta diklat Keabsahan data diukur dengan cara: (a trianggulasi, (b perpanjang-an waktu pelaksanaan penelitian, (c pengumpulan data secara terus menerus, (d penggunakan data yang berlimpah, (e pengecekan ulang, dan (f tanya jawab dengan teman sejawat Analisis data menggunakan teknik yang diajukan oleh Miles dan Huberman (1994 yaitu: (a reduksi data, (b penyajian data, dan (c verifikasL Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa: (1 perencanaan diklat belum optimal yang dilihat dari: (a asesmen kebutuhan, (b tujuan diklat, (c kesesuaian program dengan waktu diklat, (d waktu dan tempat pelaksanaan diklat, dan (e dana yang tersedia; (2 pengorganisasian belum optimal dilihat dari pembagian kerja dengan jabaran tanggung jawab masing-masing unit; (3 Pelayanan non akademik diklat sudah optimal namun pelaksanaan pembelajaran belum optimal, yang dilihat dari: (a standar jumlah peserta per kelas, (b bidang kompetensi guru, (c waktu, dan (d kelengkapan bahan diklat; dan (4 pengawasan belum terlaksana dengan baik, dilihat dari pencapaian tujuan dan partisipasi peserta Kata kunci: pendidikan dan pelatihan, uji kompetensi, guru SD.

  19. Persepsi Guru dan Siswa SD di Yogyakarta terhadap Program Conservation Scout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Wido Sari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Penanaman karakter cinta lingkungan dan pemahaman akan pentingnya konservasi perlu dilakukan sejak dini. Program conservation scout atau pandu konservasi menawarkan edukasi dan empowering siswa SD mengenai konservasi. Kegiatan ini bertempat di Pusat Studi Lingkungan, Universitas Sanata Dharma dan melibatkan 38 SD di Yogyakarta. Peserta conservation scout terdiri dari 32 guru dan 70 siswa SD.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat respon sekolah, persepsi guru, persepsi siswa, dan keberhasilan sekolah dalam mendukung program conservation scout. Metode yang digunakan adalah action reseach, survey, dan diskriptif kualitatif. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner dengan hasil validasi sangat baik.Sekolah memberikan respon sangat positif (84% terhadap program conservation scout, dari 38 sekolah yang diundang, ada 32 sekolah yang mengikuti program ini. Guru memberikan persepsi negatif (2,50, bukan pada esensi program melainkan pada teknik pelaksanaan program. Siswa memberikan persepsi positif (3,51 dan 36 dari 70 siswa berhasil melakukan peer tutoring dan kampanye mengenai konservasi. Ada 53, 12 % SD yang siswanya menjadi duta konservasi lingkungan.

  20. URGENSI TUNTUTAN PROFESIONALISME DAN HARAPAN MENJADI GURU BERKARAKTER (Studi Kasus: Sekolah Dasar dan Sekolah Menengah Pertama di Kabupaten Batubara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deny Setiawan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peningkatan profesionalisme guru, kualitas anak didik, dan guru yang berkarakter. Populasi penelitian adalah guru SD di Provinsi Sumatera Utara dengan sampel yang diambil secara purposive, yaitu Kabupaten Batubara. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik tes, wawancara, FGD, dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan teknik statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa nilai UKG SD dan SMP tahun 2013 di Kabupaten Batubara secara nasional sangat rendah, bahkan ada yang memiliki nilai kompetensi 1,0. Nilai rata-rata kompetensi guru hanya sebesar 39,61 untuk guru SD, masih berada di bawah nilai rata-rata secara nasional dan Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Nilai UKG SMP sebesar 46,86 masih berada di bawah nilai rata-rata nasional. Hal itu menunjukkan bahwa sebagian guru di Batubara masih memiliki profesionalisme yang rendah dalam melakukan tugas profesinya sehingga ke depan diharapkan perkembangan karakter guru yang berkualitas. THE URGENT DEMAND FOR PROFESSIONALISM AND THE HOPE FOR TEACHERS WITH GOOD CHARACTERS Abstract: The purpose of this research is to describe the improvement of teachers’ professionalism, students’ quality and teachers’ characters. The research population was primary school teachers in North Sumatra in Batubara Regency who were recruited through purposive sampling. Data were collected through test, interview, FGD and documentation study. The research results show that the value of UKG at elementary and secondary schools in 2013 in Batubara Regency, is very low, and some schools even have the competence value as much as 1.0. The average of primary school teachers’ competence is only 39.61, below the national and provincial average. While the SMP UKG value is 46.86 which is still below the national average. It shows that some teachers in Batubara are still less professional and thus need to further develop

  1. PERANAN BIMBINGAN GURU DAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR DALAM RANGKA MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR PESERTA DIDIK SMA NEGERI 1 METRO TAHUN 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukirman Sukirman

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui dan meningkatkan peranan bimbingan guru dalam memberikan motivasi belajar demi meningkatkan prestasi belajar peserta didik SMA Negeri 1 Metro tahun pelajaran 2010/2011. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dalam bentuk korelasional dengan menggunakan metode survey dan dokumentasi. Populasi penelitiannya peserta didik SMA Negeri 1 Metro pada tahun pelajaran 2010/2011 yang berjumlah 590 orang. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 60 orang yang ditetapkan dengan teknik sampling, statifitikasi proporsional random sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam mengumpulkan data adalah 1 angket tertutup untuk mengumpulkandata bimbingan guru, dalam memotivasi belajar, dan 2 dokumentasi sekolah (nilai raport untuk memperoleh data tentang prestasi belajar. Angket dilakukan uji validitas dan reliabilitas dengan menggunakan korelasi product moment dan rumus alpha. Teknik analisis data menggunakan korelasi sederhana dengan uji persyaratan normalitas dan homogenitas. Hasil penelitian ini menjelaskan bahwa: terdapat hubungan positif (berperan dan signifikan antara bimbingan guru dengan prestasi belajar, koefisien korelasi ryx1= 0,568. Terdapat hubungannya erat antara motivasi belajar dengan prestasi belajar pada taraf signifikansi 1%, korelasinya ryx2 = sebesar 0.617. Menunjukkan bahwa bimbingan guru, dan motivasi belajar secara bersama-sama hubungannya erat dengan prestasi belajar pada taraf signifikansi 1%, dengan nilai korelasinya ryx1 x 2 = sebesar 0,647. Selanjutnya hasil penelitian diharapkan dapat menjadi masukan dan pendorong bagi guru, khususnya guru pembimbing untuk lebih memperhatikan kebutuhan peserta didik dalam proses pembelajaran, sehingga peserta didik mampu mengatasi kesulitan belajar yang dihadapi dan mendorong motivasi belajar dan mampu mengembangkan potensi yang dimiliki secara optimal. Kata kunci: bimbingan guru, motivasi belajar dan prestasi belajar

  2. KESIAPAN GURU SD DALAM PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK-INTEGRATIF PADA KURIKULUM 2013 DI DIY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nur Wangid

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kesiapan guru Sekolah Dasar (SD dalam menerapkan Kurikulum 2013 khususnya dalam pembelajaran tematik-integratif di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan yaitu penelitian survei. Populasi penelitian adalah guru kelas I dan IV yang terdapat di wilayah DIY. Jumlah sampel yang diambil dalam penelitian ini adalah sebanyak 182 guru SD yang berasal dari 49 SD negeri dan 15 SD swasta yang dijadikan pilot project berdasarkan data dari Kemdikbud DIY. Hasil penelitan menunjukkan bahwa persentase kesiapan guru SD di DIY dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran tematik-integratif pada Kurikulum 2013 sebesar 75,85% (siap, dilihat dari aspek kesiapan yaitu aspek Behavioral Readiness diperoleh persentase sebesar 80% (sangat siap, aspek Emotive-Ettitudinal sebesar 78,39% (sangat siap dan aspek Cognitive Readiness sebesar 71,18% (siap. Sedangkan kesiapan guru SD di setiap kabupaten diperoleh hasil persentase sebagai berikut: Sleman 76,13% (sangat siap, Yogyakarta 78,72% (sangat siap, Bantul 73,16% (siap, Gunungkidul 75,54% (siap, dan Kulon Progo 75,42% (siap. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ THE STUDY ON THE ELEMANTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS READINESS IN IMPLEMENTING THEMATIC-INTEGRATIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN CURRICULUM 2013, YOGYAKARTA ABSTRACT This study aims to describe the readiness of elementary school teachers in implementing curriculum 2013, based on thematic-integrative learning in Yogyakarta Province. This is a survey study. The research population were elemantary school teachers of class I and IV in DIY. The research sample consisted of 289 elemantary school teachers from 49 public schools and 15 private elementary schools which used as pilot project based on the data from Kemdikbud. The result shows that the percentage of elementary school

  3. PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN ORIENTASI DAN MOBILITAS UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU PADA TAMAN KANAK-KANAK INKLUSIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Joeda Andajani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this service is to increase the teachers’ knowledge and skills on learning orientation and mobility services for competence development of teachers in the inclusion kindergarten. The implementation methods of learning orientation and mobility for the competence development of teachers in this inclusion kindergarten is starting the initial condition of the kindergarten teachers’ knowledge and skill in learning orientation and mobility for blind children that are still low. Then, the process of learning orientation and mobility services are effective in the inclusive learning environment in the kindergarten. Embodiments for creating a learning environment that is attractive and fun for blind children who study with normal children in the implementation of inclusive education as follows: a the teacher has the potential to prepare lesson plans based on the conditions and the ability of students, b the utilization of resources and learning media provided is capable of reaching and stimulate all students without exception in learning, and c the potential to manage learning groups that can accept one another and work together to learn, and d the provision of direct assessment of the success blind children in the inclusive kindergarten. Tujuan kegiatan pelayanan ini adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan guru tentang pelayanan pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas untuk pengembangan kompetensi guru di taman kanak-kanak inklusi. Metode pelaksanaan pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas untukpengembangan kompetensi guru di taman kanak-kanak inklusi ini yaitu dimulai kondisi awal guru TK dalam pengetahuan dan keterampilan dalam pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas pada anak tunanetra masih rendah. Kemudian proses pelayanan pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas yang efektif pada lingkungan belajar pada TK inklusif..Perwujudan untuk menciptakan lingkungan pembelajaran yang menarik dan menyenangkan bagi anak tunanetra yang belajar

  4. PENGARUH MOTIVASI DAN KEPUASAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMP NEGRI 5 MAGELANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutviani Rahayu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah guru PNS di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang sebanyak 38 responden. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa persamaan garis regresi linier berganda yaitu Y = 0,182 + 0,283 + e; Y (kinerja guru, X1 (motivasi, X2 (kepuasan kerja. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh antara motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. OutputSPSS pengaruh X1 terhadap Y sebesar 0,643 dengan nilai hubungan parsial sebesar 12,1% pada taraf signifikansi 0,035, sedangkan X2 terhadap Y sebesar 0,178 dengan hubungan parsial sebesar 17,8% pada taraf signifikansi 0,011. Jadi semakin baik motivasi dan kepuasan kerja maka semakin baik pula kinerja guru. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there is an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on theteachers’ performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang either simultaneously or partially. The population in this research was a public civil servants in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang are 38 respondents. The collecting method was questionnaire and documentation. The analysis data technique were descriptive. The analysis showed that the multiple linear regression equation is Y = 0,182X1 + 0,283X2 + E, with Y (teachers’ performance, X1 (motivation, X2 (job satisfaction. These results indicated that there was an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on the teachers’s performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. The SPSS output effect of X1 on Y of 0.643 with a value 12.1% partial relationship at a significance level of 0.035, while the X2 to Y of 0.178 with 17.8% partial relations at a significance level of 0.011. So the better motivation and job satisfaction, the better the

  5. Tera Ulang Peran Profetik Tuan Guru dalam Konteks Kebebasan Beragama di Pulau Lombok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fawaizul Umam

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ulama (Islamic scholars play important role in culturally paternalistic societies. Their prophetic role is theologically idealized as successors of prophets’ risâlah, mission. However, historically speaking, history yet often features reality that differs from their normative role. This paper aims to reevaluate the prophetic role of ulama in Lombok, called tuan guru, in the context of religious freedom praxsis. It is found that what is held by tuan guru in the realm of socio-politico-cultural tend to differ from his own existential theological spirit as one of socio-religious institutions. In the context of the praxis of religious freedom, tuan guru in general tend to play a role as a breeder and booster of anti pluralism discourses. Considering the theological claims of Islam itself as a spreader of mercy for all as well as political-cultural claims that Lombok is religious island, the island of thousand mosques, the realm seems ironic. 

  6. FAKTOR-FAKTOR KESULITAN GURU PADA PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK INTEGRATIF DI SD KOTA MATARAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Ahyar Rasidi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan faktor-faktor kesulitan guru pada pembelajaran tematik integratif di SD Kota Mataram. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh  guru SD yang ada di Kota Mataram. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara multistage random sampling dan dianalisis dengan analisis faktor eksploratori. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada empat faktor kesulitan guru pada perencanaan pembelajaran yaitu: (1 penjabaran materi yang relevan dengan konten pembelajaran, (2 pemilihan metode dan media berorientasi lingkungan, (3 penyusunan indikator, dan (4 penjabaran materi yang relevan dengan tema. Pada aspek pelaksanaan, terdapat tiga faktor yaitu: (1 penguasaan konsep dalam pembelajaran saintifik yang interaktif, (2 pemanfaatan media dalam menciptakan karya, dan (3 penguasaan keterampilan apersepsi. Pada pengelolaan kelas, faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi adalah: (1 penataan kelas yang variatif dan edukatif, (2 pengkordinasian belajar sesuai konteks pembelajaran, dan (3 pengkoordinasian kelas dengan regulasi simpel dan terukur. Ditemukan tiga faktor pada penilaian pembelajaran yaitu: (1 pengembangan perangkat penilaian terstandar, (2 pendeskripsian hasil belajar secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif, dan (3 pemilihan instrumen penilaian sikap, pengetahuan, dan keterampilan. Kata Kunci: faktor-faktor, kesulitan guru, pembelajaran tematik integratif   THE FACTORS THE TEACHERS’ DIFFICULTIES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTEGRATED THEMATIC TEACHING IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN MATARAM Abstract This study aims to determine the factors the teachers’ difficulties in the implementation of an integrated thematic teaching in elementary schools in Mataram. This study is a survey with the quantitative approach. The population in this study was all primary school teachers in the city of Mataram. The sampling was done by multistage random sampling and were analyzed using the

  7. MANAJEMEN SERTIFIKASI JALUR PORTOFOLIO BAGI GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indarti Indarti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perencanaan, pengorganisasian, pelaksanaan, dan pengawasan sertifikasi jalur portofolio bagi guru Sekolah Dasar di Kota Semarang. Peneliti-an ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, dilaksanakan di Di-nas Pendidikan Kota Semarang. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari Kepala Bidang Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan Dinas Pen-didikan, kepala sekolah, dan guru. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi proses pembelajar-an, penelusuran dokumen perencanaan pembelajaran dan por-tofolio. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan analisis kualititatif melalui langkah pengumpulan, penyajian, reduksi, dan penarik-an kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 Peren-canaan sertifikasi jalur portofolio tidak berjalan dengan baik, dari aspek sosialisasi prosedur tidak tuntas dan data tidak valid, (2 Pengorganisasian sertifikasi jalur portofolio tidak berjalan dengan baik, dari aspek penyusunan dan verifikasi dokumen portofolio tidak sesuai dengan buku panduan, (3 Pelaksanaan sertifikasi guru jalur portofolio tidak berjalan dengan baik, (4 Pengawasan sertifikasi jalur portofolio tidak berjalan dengan baik. Kata Kunci: manajemen, sertifikasi guru, profesi ______________________________________________________________ THE MANAGEMENT OF THE CERTIFICATION THROUGH THE PORTFOLIO SYSTEM FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN SEMARANG CITY Abstract This study aims to investigate the planning, organizing, actuating and controlling functions in the certification through the portfolio system for elementary school teachers in Sema-rang City. This study employed the qualitative approach, con-ducted in the Office of Education of Semarang City. The research subjects consisted of the Head of the Educator and Educational Personnel Section in the Office of Education, principals, and teachers. The data collecting techniques included interviews, observations, and document tracing. The data were collected through interviews

  8. RELEVANSI KURIKULUM PRODI PENDIDIKAN SOSIOLOGI ANTROPOLOGI DENGAN KEBUTUHAN MENGAJAR GURU SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Totok Rochana

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Materi pembelajaran  Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang diajarkan di SMA senantiasa mengalami perubahan. Sementara  kurikulum Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES tidak banyak mengalami perubahan. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis membahas bagaimana relevansi antara Kurikulum Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES dengan kebutuhan mengajar bagi guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi SMA Negeri di Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan  bersifat kasus, pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara tertutup dan terbuka, dan analisis data  menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian  disimpulkan bahwa kurikulum  Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES, masih relevan dengan materi pembelajaran Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang diajarakan di SMA. Saran yang diajukan adalah: perlu diselenggarakan penataran-penataran/diklat-diklat peningkatan penguasaan materi pembelajaran Sosiologi dan Antropologi bagi guru-guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang bukan berlatar belakang Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi. Pengangkatan CPNS Guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi perlu diprioritaskan dari lulusan Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi. Pengembangan kurikulum Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi tetap mengacu pada relevansinya dengan kebutuhan di lapangan.Sociology and Anthropology instructional materials taught in high school are constantly changing, though the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology FIS Unnes does not change much. In this study, the author discusses the relevance of the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology of Education Unnes FIS to the needs of teaching for teachers of Sociology and Anthropology Senior high school in Central Java. The method used in this study is a qualitative approach using descriptive methods. Based on the results of the study it is concluded that the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology

  9. Pengetahuan Konjungtivitis pada Guru Kelas dan Pemberian Pendidikan Kesehatan Mencuci Tangan pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anindya Hapsari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Konjungtivitis adalah peradangan konjungtiva karena mikroorganisme, alergi, atau bahan kimia. Total kasus konjungtivitis dan gangguan konjungtiva di Indonesia (2009 sekitar 73%. Konjungtivitis terjadi karena infeksi mikroorganisme merupakan penyakit menular yang terjadi lewat kontak langsung atau barang penderita. Sebagian besar penderita konjungtivitis adalah anak-anak yang umumnya tertular dari teman di sekolah, tempat bermain, atau bimbingan belajar. Data Puskesmas Trowulan Mojokerto menunjukkan kenaikan jumlah siswa sekolah dasar penderita konjungtivitis meliputi 3% (2009, 4% (2010, 7% (2011, dan 9% (2012. Cara termudah mencegah penularan konjungtivitis adalah mencuci tangan dengan sabun. Guru sebagai wakil orang tua di sekolah dan idola anak diharapkan berperan dalam memberikan pendidikan kesehatan tentang mencuci tangan dengan sabun. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan konjungtivitis guru kelas sekolah dasar dengan pemberian pendidikan kesehatan tentang mencuci tangan dengan sabun pada peserta didik. Desain penelitian adalah potong lintang, penarikan sampel dengan purposive sampling. Sampel penelitian adalah seluruh guru kelas sekolah dasar di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Trowulan. Penelitian menemukan 80 responden (59,7% berpengetahuan kurang dan berperilaku negatif atau tidak memberikan pendidikan kesehatan terhadap peserta didiknya. Ditemukan hubungan yang bermakna pengetahuan konjungtivitis pada guru kelas sekolah dasar dengan pemberian pendidikan kesehatan tentang mencuci tangan dengan sabun pada peserta didik. Conjunctivitis is conjunctiva’s inflammation by microorganisms, allergy, or chemicals. Total conjunctivitis and conjunctiva disorders’ cases in Indonesia (2009 is 73%. Conjunctivitis caused by infection is infectious that transmitted through direct contact or contaminated goods. Most conjunctivitis patients are children. They mostly caught from friends at school, playground, or tutoring. Trowulan Public

  10. Drug Guru: a computer software program for drug design using medicinal chemistry rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Kent D; Shiroda, Melisa; James, Craig A

    2006-10-15

    Drug Guru (drug generation using rules) is a new web-based computer software program for medicinal chemists that applies a set of transformations, that is, rules, to an input structure. The transformations correspond to medicinal chemistry design rules-of-thumb taken from the historical lore of drug discovery programs. The output of the program is a list of target analogs that can be evaluated for possible future synthesis. A discussion of the features of the program is followed by an example of the software applied to sildenafil (Viagra) in generating ideas for target analogs for phosphodiesterase inhibition. Comparison with other computer-assisted drug design software is given.

  11. PENGARUH PEMAHAMAN KURIKULUM, SUPERVISI AKADEMIK, DAN FASILITAS KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU EKONOMI SMA/MA NEGERI DI KOTA MAGELANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oky Estiana Putri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Pada era globalisasi dewasa ini pendidikan menjadi sangatpenting. Bekal pendidikan yang dimiliki suatu masyarakat akan berkembang secara baik, dan tidak dapat dipungkiri masyarakat tersebut semakin berkualitas sertamampu bersaing secara kompetitif di era persaingan yang semakin ketat. Dalam suasana kompetitif semacam ini diperlukan sumber daya yang berkualitas. Untuk menciptakan sumber daya berkualitas diperlukan pendidik yang profesional. Keprofesionalan seorang pendidik dapat dilihat melalui kinerjanya yang baik. Kondisi di lapangan, kinerja guru di Kota Magelang masih belum optimal. Populasi penelitian ini adalah guru mata pelajaran Ekonomi/Akuntasi SMA/MA Negeri di Kota Magelang yang berjumlah 30 orang. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman kurikulum, supervisi akademik, dan fasilitas kerja berpengaruh secara simultan terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 82,8%. Pengaruh secara parsial juga didapatkan pada variable independen terhadap variabel dependen. Pemahaman kurikulum berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru ekonomi SMA/MA Negeri sebesar 24,70%. Supervisi akademik berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru ekonomi SMA/MA Negeri sebesar 19,54%, serta fasilitas kerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 23,42%. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah para guru hendaknya lebih meningkatkan pemahaman kurikulum supaya kinerjanya semakin baik. Bagi kepala sekolah hendaknya lebih memperhatikan lagi guru-guru dengan kegiatan supervisi akademik, dengan merasa diperhatikan, mendapat dorongan dan bantuan dari kepala sekolah guru akan lebih berusaha meningkatkan kinerjanya menjadi semakin baik. Sekolah hendaknya menyediakan fasilitas kerja yang lebih baik lagi, nyaman dan lengkap supaya guru merasa puas dan kinerjanya akan semakin baik. In the era of globalization

  12. KONTRIBUSI PELATIHAN GURU, IKLIM ORGANISASI DAN PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG KETERAMPILAN MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN GURU DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SMKN KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aris Suparno

    2015-07-01

    about managerial skill of headmaster towards teacher skill in learning activity at SMK N in Semarang, it is shown by significant value = 0,000 < 0, 05 with effective contribution that is given to teacher skill in learning activity counted 8,14%. Result of classical assumption test shows that regression model is not experience of classic assumption problem or diffraction, so that expressed BLUE (best, linear, unbiased, estimator. The Most Impact given by the organizational climate variables in learning skill teacher at SMK Negeri Semarang as indicated by an effective contribution amounting to 16,87 %.

  13. PERSEPSI GURU DAN SISWA TERHADAP PENGGUNAAN BAHASA INGGRIS DI KELAS BILINGUAL DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS BERSTATUS RSBI DI BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luh Putu Artini

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Perception of the teachers and Students Towards the Use of English in Bilingual Senior High School Classes This study aimed at analyzing teachers and students' perceptions towards the use of English in the teaching and learning process in bilingual classes in piloted international standard senior high schools in Bali. The number of subject was 100, comprising 4 school principals, 16 teachers and 80 students; utilizing questionnaires, observation and interview. The data which were analyzed descriptively revealed that there was a consistency between teachers and students' perceptions about the advantage and effectiveness of the use of English as a media of instruction in the classroom. Abstrak: Persepsi Guru dan Siswa terhadap Penggunaan Bahasa Inggris di Kelas Bilingual di Seko­lah Menengah Atas Berstatus RSBI di Bali. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis persepsi guru dan siswa terhadap penggunaan bahasa Inggris dalam proses belajar mengajar di kelas bilingual di SMA RSBI di Bali. Subjek penelitian adalah 100 orang yang terdiri atas 4 orang kepala sekolah, 16 orang guru, dan 80 orang siswa dengan menggunakan kuesioner, observasi, dan wawancara. Data yang dianalisis se­cara deskriptif kualitatif menunjukkan adanya konsistensi persepsi guru dan siswa tentang manfaat dan efektifitas penggunaan bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa pengantar di kelas.

  14. HASIL KARYA CIPTA LAGU ANAK-ANAK DI KALANGAN GURU TAMAN KANAK-KANAK ISLAM AL-AZHAR 14 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno Widowati

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Lagu anak-anak yang populer dan atau tersebar luas di masyarakat saat ini, kebanyakan  tidak sesuai dengan karakter anak-anak, sehingga guru TK dituntut dapat menciptakan lagu. Rumusan masalahnya adalah (1 bagaimanakah kesesuaian hasil karya cipta lagu anak guru guru TK Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang dilihat dari bentuk musikologi meliputi melodi, irama, syair, dan akord? (2 Bagaimanakah kreativitas hasil karya cipta lagu guru TK Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang dilihat dari sifat dan faktor intrinsik ekstrinsik  kreativitas ? Metode dan pendekatan yang digunakan adalah penelitian kualitatif. Hasil pembahasan dalam penelitian ini adalah karya lagu ciptaan guru TK Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang dilihat dari segi syair,  melodi,  akord dan irama sudah sesuai dengan tema pembelajaran dan karakteristik anak. Kreativitas guru mencipta lagu juga didukung oleh kelancaran menemukan nada, pengetahuan dan pengalaman tentang lagu anak-anak yang menjadikan guru mampu menganalogi  dalam mencipta lagu. Kelancaran, keluwesan dan keaslian berpikir dipengaruhi oleh faktor instrinsik dan ekstrinsik.Children's songs are widespread, not fully understood by the kindergarten teacher. A popular children's songs don’t fit with the character of the children, so that kindergarten teachers are required to create a song. The formulation is (1 how the suitability of the work of children's songwriting teacher kindergarten teacher Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang seen from the musicology include melody, rhythm, lyrics, and chords? (2 How does creativity work of kindergarten teachers songwriting Islamic Al-Azhar 14 Semarang views of factors of creativity? The methods and approach used is qualitative research. Results of the discussion in this study was the work of a song written by a kindergarten teacher Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang in terms of lyrics, melodies, chords and rhythms are in accordance with the theme of learning and child characteristics. Fluency, flexibility and originality of

  15. 基于NASA地球观测数据库的区域风电功率波动特性分析%Study on the Profiling of China's Regional Wind Power Fluctuation Using GEOS-5 Data Assimilation System of National Aeronautics and Space Administration of America

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于大洋; 韩学山; 梁军; 宋曙光

    2011-01-01

    In China, inadequate historical wind data hinders the profiling of wind power fluctuation at the regional level, which is the fundamental work for the wind power integration. This paper proposes a method to assess the seasonal and diurnal wind power patters based on the wind speed data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 Data Assimilation System (GEOS-5 DAS). The Gipe formula is applied to get the vertical distribution of the wind speed. The wind speed is transformed into the electric power according to the power curve of Vestas V90-2.0MW turbine. A quantitative analysis is made for six wind power bases in China to present the difference of seasonal wind power patters and the regional correlations of hourly wind power patters. The method and results provide the basis for the regional wind power scheduling and dispatching.%针对大范围和长期风速观测网络不完善、风资源数据缺乏的问题,提出利用美国航天局(NASA)Goddard地球观测系统数据同化系统的版本5(GEO-5 DAS)的全球风速数据,对国内大范围风电功率波动进行评估的方法.根据GEOS-5 DAS的50 m高度风速和Gipe公式得到风速的垂直分布,按照Vestas V90-2.0 Mw风电机组的功率特性曲线将风速转化为风电功率,得到不同时间尺度下的容量因数曲线.对中国正在建设的6个千万千瓦级风电基地的季节性风电功率波动、小时功率波动及其季节性差异和地域相关性进行了定量分析.所提出的分析方法和结果为区域风电科学规划和优化调度提供了科学的依据.

  16. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PERKULIAHAN EKSPERIMEN FISIKA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KREATIVITAS MAHASISWA CALON GURU DALAM MENDESAIN KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DI SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. S. Wattimena

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan perangkat perkuliahan eksperimen fisika yang dapat meningkatkan kreativitas mahasiswa calon guru dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum fisika SMA. Mixed methods research melalui embedded experimental model dengan strategi embedded, digunakan sebagai metode penelitian sebagai tahap pengumpulan data kuantitatif dan kualitatif dalam satu waktu; yang melibatkan mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Fisika salah satu LPTK di Maluku. Perangkat perkuliahan yang dikembangkan diadaptasikan dari pola pembelajaran kreatif yang disebut sebagai Aspek Keterampilan Berpikir Kreatif (AKBK; aktivitas mahasiswa dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum diarahkan pada Indikator Kegiatan Dalam Bereksperimen (IKDB. Pemahaman konsep fisika mahasiswa diukur berdasarkan taksonomi Bloom revisi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, terjadi peningkatan AKBK mahasiswa untuk setiap IKDB pada kriteria sedang; serta peningkatan pemahaman konsep-konsep dasar fisika mahasiswa untuk indikator mencontohkan, mengklasifikasikan, dan menjelaskan pada kriteria sedang. Disimpulkan bahwa perangkat perkuliahan eksperimen fisika yang dikembangkan dapat meningkatkan kreativitas mahasiswa dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum fisika berdasarkan cakupan materi yang terukur.ABSTRACTThis study aimed to develop the lectures instrument of physics experiment to improve the creativity of preservice teachers in designing a high school physics lab activities. Mixed methods research through the embedded experimental models with embedded strategy, was used as a method of research, a stage of quantitative and qualitative data collection at a time, involving students of Physical Education courses one LPTK in Maluku. The developed lectures instrument adapted from creative learning pattern was referred to as Creative Thinking Skills aspect (CTSA, while student activity in the design of practical activities were directed at Activity Indicator In Experiment (SIEI. Understanding the

  17. Cultural Aspects in the Shona Monolingual Dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nomalanga Mpofu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: In the compilation of dictionaries, lexicographers also take cognisance of the culture which is inherent in a language. This article will look at the way the cultural aspect is interwoven in the practice of dictionary making. Language is at the core of culture and it is the major vehicle for the transmission of a people's beliefs and values. Language is also an expression of social struc-tures and attitudes. No culture can exist which does not have a natural language at its centre. A language thus reflects a particular culture. Culture in this article will be taken to mean whatever a person must know in order to function in a particular society (Wardhaugh 1998: 215. The article will look at two aspects: (1 the interrelationship between language and culture and its bearing on lexicography; and (2 the treatment of cultural aspects in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona (2001. Examples used in this article are drawn from the advanced Shona monolingual dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona, and other Shona dictionaries, both monolingual and bilingual.

    Keywords: CULTURAL COMPETENCE, CULTURAL ASPECTS, CULTURAL MEANING, CULTURE, DICTIONARY, EUPHEMISM, EXTENDED MEANING, IDIOM, LEXICOGRAPHY, PROVERBS, SHONA, SHONA SOCIETY, TABOO

    Opsomming: Kulturele aspekte in die Sjona- eentalige woordeboek. By die samestelling van woordeboeke neem leksikograwe ook kennis van die kultuur wat inherent aan 'n taal is. Hierdie artikel sal kyk na die manier waarop die kulturele aspek verweef is met die praktyk van woordeboekmaak. Taal lê aan die kern van kultuur en dit is die hoofmedium vir die oordrag van 'n volk se opvattings en waardes. Taal is ook 'n uitdrukking van sosiale strukture en houdings. Geen kultuur kan bestaan wat nie 'n natuurlike taal as middelpunt het nie. 'n Taal weerspieël gevolglik 'n bepaalde kultuur. Kultuur in hierdie artikel sal verstaan word om alles te beteken wat 'n persoon moet weet om in 'n betrokke maatskappy te funksioneer

  18. PENGARUH PERANAN GURU, FASILITAS PERPUSTAKAAN, DAN PELAYANAN PUSTAKAWAN TERHADAP MINAT MEMBACA DI PERPUSTAKAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekasari Prastia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Minat membaca dapat mempengaruhi kualitas pencapaian hasil belajar siswa dalam bidang-bidang studi tertentu seperti halnya membaca. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini diketahui bahwa cukup rendahnya minat membaca di perpustakaan bagi siswa SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Hal ini dilihat dari jumlah pengunjung, peminjam buku dan daftar pembaca di perpustakaan SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adakah pengaruh peranan guru, fasilitas perpustakaan dan pelayanan pustakawan terhadap minat membaca di perpustakaan bagi siswa kelas XI SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kuantitatif. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket. Metode analisis data menggunakan regresi linear berganda, uji asumsi klasik, uji hipotesis dan analisis deskriptif. Uji keberartian persamaan regresi dilihat dari uji F hitung = 47,074 dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,000 < 0,05 sehingga diperoleh hasil analisis regresi linier berganda dengan persamaan Y= 10,165+ 0,533X1 + 0,079X2 + 0,053X3+ e. Besarnya pengaruh secara simultan antara pengaruh peranan guru, fasilitas perpustakaan, dan pelayanan pustakawan terhadap minat membaca sebesar 64.4%. Pengaruh secara parsial variabel peranan guru terhadap minat membaca yaitu 83%, fasilitas perpustakaan yaitu 80%, sedangkan pelayanan pustakawan yaitu 66%. Interest as understood and used by people during this time may affect the quality of student achievement in specific areas of study as well as reading . The problem in this research note that the relatively low interest in reading in the library for students of SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. It is seen from the number of visitors , the borrower's books and readers in the library list SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. This study aims to know is there any influence of the role of teachers , library facilities and services librarians to interest in reading in the library for students of classes XI SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga .This study includes quantitative research. Methods of

  19. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGAJAR GURU DAN LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Feronita,

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh keterampilan mengajar guru dan lingkungan keluarga terhadap hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran surat menyurat kelas X Jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran di SMK Palebon Semarang. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X Jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran SMK Palebon Semarang yang berjumlah 80 siswa. Responden yang digunakan adalah keseluruhan dari jumlah populasi (penelitian populasi. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan dokumentasi, angket dan wawancara. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif persentase dan analisis regresi linier berganda dengan bantuan program SPSS release 16. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa analisis regresi linear berganda diperoleh persamaan: Y = 42,423 + 0,289X1 + 0,275X2. Uji F diperoleh Fhitung = 50,592 dengan signifikansi 0,000 < 0,05, sehingga Ha3 diterima. Secara parsial (uji t variabel keterampilan mengajar guru (X1 diperoleh thitung = 2,953 dengan signifikansi 0,004 < 0,05, sehingga Ha1 diterima. Variabel lingkungan keluarga (X2 diperoleh thitung = 3,012 dengan signifikansi 0,004 < 0,05, sehingga Ha2 diterima. Secara parsial keterampilan mengajar guru dan lingkungan keluarga masing-masing berpengaruh sebesar 10,17% dan 10,56% terhadap hasil belajar siswa. Based on the results of preliminary observations by teachers vocational subjects Palebon correspondence, obtained information that the learning outcomes in subjects correspondence is still low due to gain mastery criteria below minimum value is 7.5. Based on the problem of this research is there any influence students' perceptions about the teaching skills of teachers and family environment on student learning outcomes in subjects correspondence class X Office Administration majoring in vocational Palebon simultaneously and partially.The population of this study were students of class X SMK Palebon Office Administration Department Semarang totaling 80 students. Respondents who used the whole of the

  20. PROFIL PROFESIONALISME GURU MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH UNGGULAN DI JAKARTA SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasyim Asy'ari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : This study aims at formulating a model of the profile of teachers professionalism of excellent Islamic Primary School (IPS. The source of data of this research is obtained from six excelence IPS in South Jakarta that achieve score of accreditation A.This research is a non experimental research that uses survey method. The population of this research is all teachers in 15 Excelence IPS with the sample as much as 40% of the teachers. as many as 100 teachers. As for the sampling technique used in this research is simple random sampling with descriptive statistics. The result of this research shows that firstly the profile of professionalism of the teachers of excellent IPS in South Jakarta is indicated by adequate teachers competency in personality, pedagogy, professionalism, and social aspect. Secondly, at the dimension of learning community teachers have not fully showed self development as a part of learning community. Thirdly, at the financial dimension it is know that the teachers of especially State Islamic Primary Schools are willing to accept all the policy of reward system set by the goverment and their schools headmasters. Fourtly, the linearity of educational background with the teaching profession. Fifthly, there is no difference in average scores the characteristics of profile of teachers professionalism between Private Islamic Primary Schools and the State ones. DOI: 10.15408/tjems.v1i1.1110

  1. Perancangan dan Implementasi Presensi Digital Guru dan Karyawan SMA Negeri 9 Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Th. Didot Septiawan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan surat edaran dari Kepala Dinas Pendidikan Kota Semarang, terhitung mulai Januari 2015 tiap sekolah dihimbau untuk beralih dari sistem presensi manual menjadi digital. Hingga awal Maret ini, presensi guru dan karyawan di SMA Negeri 9 Semarang masih dilakukan secara manual. Maka diperlukan sebuah penelitian untuk merancang dan menerapkan sistem presensi digital bagi SMA Negeri 9 Semarang. Tahapan penelitian meliputi perencanaan, analisis, perancangan, implementasi, pengujian, dan pemeliharaan. Perangkat lunak dibangun dengan framework PHP Phalcon, basis data MySQL, dan aplikasi webserver Nginx pada sistem operasi Ubuntu 14.04. Mesin presensi dengan metode pengenalan wajah dipilih untuk mendapatkan data kehadiran yang bersifat autentik. Pengujian dilakukan dengan metode kotak hitam dan kotak putih. Semua kebutuhan fungsional telah diimplementasikan pada aplikasi web dan kebutuhan non-fungsional pun telah terpenuhi. Sistem presensi digital ini menjadi solusi bagi SMA Negeri 9 Semarang dalam usaha uji coba penggunaan presensi digital.

  2. UPAYA GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DALAM MENUMBUHKAN KECERDASAN SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Majidah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available National Education aims at developing students' potentials in order to become a man of faith and fear of God Almighty, noble, healthy, knowledgeable, skilled, creative, independent and become citizens of a democratic and accountable. However, conditions on the ground there is still a problem. Both from internal and external factors, which in turn affects the behavior of students in the subjects of Islamic religious education, both feats are cognitive, affective and psychomotor. Especially in SMPN 2 Balung that sharpen the intellectual intelligence. The objectives of this research are: Describe the efforts of Islamic religious education teachers in fostering emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence of students in SMPN 2 Balung. The results of this study stated that the Islamic Education Teachers in Cultivating Emotional Intelligence seeks students by raising various problems that arise in the community through a video display which is then discussed. Inserting knowledge about the importance of communication and concern for others. Foster self-confidence in students through role-playing activities. Train the emotional intelligence of students with the assignment, care and street knowledge. Calligraphy that stimulate the creativity of learners. Istighotsah event held every morning. While efforts Islamic Education Teachers in Cultivating students' spiritual intelligence is to assist students to pray Duha. Award prizes to the students who actively ask. Nurturing students' vision and clear perception that life is a mandate and the realization that man is God and will return to Allah SWT. Kultum after Duha prayer. A source of inspiration by giving examples of good role model to the students or play a video that is inspiring. Keywords: Islamic Education Teachers, Students Intelligence

  3. IbM PENGEMBANGAN KEPROFESIAN BERKELANJUTAN (PKB GURU-GURU MIM WILAYAH NGAWEN DAN KLATEN UTARA BERBASIS KURIKULUM 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laili Etika Rahmawati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The society service has aimed at accompanying the teachers on understanding and conducting the program of sustainable professionalism development (PKB based on curriculum 2013. When the society service program has finished conducted, it is expected to acquire the four goals as follow: (1 the emergence of a professional teacher group and acquire the teaching competence by implementing the active learning strategy with scientific approach based on curriculum 2013; (2 the learning devices based on curriculum 2013; (3 the research proposal is classroom action research; and (4 the scientific publication article. The method applied in the society service program was conducted with the same model as the PLPG program conducted but the program implementation was simpler or could be called as mini PLPG. The program activity was beginned by deepening of material activity which related to the concept of PKB and the concept of curriculum 2013. The concept of PKB emphasized on three points that should be developed by the teachers, they were the self development, scientific publication, and innovative work. The concept of curriculum 2013 has priority on the changing understanding of the paradigm and the basic concept of curriculum structure, the prominent were about the core and the basic competences. After the deepening materials which conducted in the first phase has finished, the activity then continued by the workshop of the learning devices which emphasized on the concept of scientific approach, the active learning, and the authentic assessment which followed by peer teaching activity. The worshop activity of learning devices was conducted by facilitating the teachers in arranging the learning scenario based on the materials determined. The peer teaching activity was conducted by divide the participants into some groups to conduct the teaching practice by turns and apply the scientific approach. The third phase was the arranging the academic writing, and

  4. KINERJA GURU SD DI KECAMATAN SLAWI Suatu tinjauan aspek Persepsi Guru Tentang Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Budaya Kerja, dan Fasilitas Pembelajaran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanik Wahyu Indriasih

    2015-07-01

    -District of Slawi 59.54%. This is shown by acquirement of rest result t with a = 5%. 4 Learning facilities partially contributes positively on teacher’s performance of state elementary schools in Sub-District of Slawi with 6.20%. This is shown by acquirement of rest result t with a= 5%. 5 Result of assumption test classical indicates that regression model do not experience of classic assumption problem or diffraction so that can be expressed by BLUE (Best, Linear, Unbiased, and Estimator.

  5. PENGARUH KINERJA GURU, DAN PENGGUNAAN FASILITAS BELAJAR TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR PRAKARYA DAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN SISWA KELAS X SMK NEGERI 02 PEKALONGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Dirgayana

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adakah pengaruh kinerja guru, dan penggunaan fasilitas belajar terhadap hasil belajar prakarya dan kewirausahaan siswa kelas X SMK Negeri 02 Pekalongan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas X SMK Negeri 02 Pekalongan yang berjumlah 354 siswa dan sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 78 siswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan simple random sampling. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah variabel bebas yaitu kinerja guru (XI, penggunaan fasilitas belajar (X2, dan hasil belajar (Y sebagai variabel terikat. Metode pengumpulan data: dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis yaitu analisi deskriptif persentase dan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian diperoleh persaman regresi Y = 14,003 + 0,049X1 + 0,055X2. Secara parsial ada pengaruh positif kinerja guru terhadap hasil belajar sebesar 9,4%, dan penggunaan fasilitas belajar terhadap hasil belajar sebesar 7,4%. Secara simultan ada pengaruh positif kinerja guru, dan penggunaan fasilitas terhadap hasil belajar sebesar 40,1% dan sisanya sebesar 59,9% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diteliti. Perhitungan secara deskriptif menunjukkan variabel kinerja guru, dan penggunaan fasilitas belajar dalam kriteria baik, sedangkan variabel hasil dalam kriteria sangat baik. This study aims to determine The Influence of Teacher’s Performance, and Learning Facility Towards Learning Result for The Craft and Entrepreneurship Subject X Grade of SMK 02 Pekalongan. The population in this study were all students of X grade of SMK 02 Pekalongan amounting to 354 students and the sample in this study amounted to 78 students. The sampling technique using simple random sampling. The variable in this study is the independent variable is the teacher’s performance (XI, the use of learning facilities (X2, and the achievment (Y as the dependent variable. Method of data collection: documentation and questionnaires. Methods of analysis, descriptive

  6. PENGARUH PENGALAMAN MENGAJAR DAN ETOS KERJA TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU PRODUKTIF PEMASARAN SMK BISNIS DAN MANAJEMEN DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nida Aulia

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK merupakan salah satu lembaga pendidikan formal bertujuan mempersiapkan lulusan untuk masuk ke dunia kerja. Berdasarkan hasil observasi awal menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kompetensi guru produktif pemasaran masih kurang baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 50 guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode dokumentasi dan kuesioner. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini adalah (1 ada pengaruh pengalaman mengajar terhadap kompetensi profesional sebesar 17,47%, (2 ada pengaruh etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional sebesar 18,31% dan (3 ada pengaruh antara pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang secara simultan sebesar 59,5%. Hasil persamaan regresi diperoleh Y = 4,823 + 0,277X1 + 0,660X2. Kesimpulan penelitian ini yaitu, ada pengaruh yang positif dan signifikan antara pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Vocational High School (SMK is one of the formal educational institutions aimed at preparing graduates to enter the workforce. Based on the results of preliminary observations indicate that the level of competence of teachers of productive marketing is still not good. This study aimed to analyze the influence of teaching experience and work ethic to the professional competence of teachers of productive marketing vocational high school Binis and management in Semarang. either partially or simultaneously. the population of this research is 50 teachers of productive marketing vocational

  7. An Advanced Dictionary? Similarities and Differences between Duramazwi ReChiShona and Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona *

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Chabata

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: In this article a comparative analysis of Duramazwi ReChiShona (DRC and Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona (DGC is made. Both DRC and DGC are monolingual Shona dictionaries compiled by a team of researchers under the African Languages Lexical (ALLEX Project, now the African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. During the compilation process, DRC was known as the General Shona Dictionary and DGC as the Advanced Shona Dictionary. A simple analysis of these titles shows that the dictionaries are similar in some ways and also different in others. The writer tries to show the ways in which DGC is regarded as a more advanced dictionary when compared to DRC. Although the argument of the article is mainly built on those differences which make DGC the more advanced, attention is also paid to the similarities between the dictionaries.

    Keywords: ALLEX PROJECT, ALRI, DURAMAZWI RECHISHONA, DURAMAZWI GURU RECHISHONA, DICTIONARY, SHONA, HEADWORD, SENSE, MONOLINGUAL DICTIONARY, CORPUS, IDIOM, PROVERB, PITHY SAYING

    Opsomming: 'n Gevorderde woordeboek? Ooreenkomste en verskille tussen Duramazwi ReChiShona en Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona. In hierdie artikel word 'n vergelykende ontleding van Duramazwi ReChiShona (DRC en Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona (DGC gemaak. Sowel die DRC en DGC is eentalige Sjonawoordeboeke, saamgestel deur ?n span navorsers by die African Languages Lexical (ALLEX Project, tans die African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. Gedurende die samestellingsproses was DRC bekend as die Algemene Sjonawoordeboek en DGC as die Gevorderde Sjonawoordeboek. 'n Eenvoudige ontleding van hierdie titels toon dat die woordeboeke op sommige maniere eenders en op ander ook verskillend is. Die skrywer probeer die maniere aantoon waarop DGC beskou word as 'n meer gevorderde woordeboek wanneer dit met DRC vergelyk word. Alhoewel die argument van die artikel hoofsaaklik gebou is op daardie verskille wat DGC die gevorderdste maak, word ook aandag gegee aan

  8. SEJAUH MANA GURU MENGGUNAKAN METAFORA DALAM KEPEDULIANNYA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MATEMATIKA SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idrus Alhaddad

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Belajar matematika masih merupakan hal yang sulit bagi siswa, karena disamping memiliki objek kajian yang abstrak, juga berdasarkan pada pola pikir yang deduktif. Untuk membantu siswa dapat memahami bahkan menjadi senang dalam belajar matematika, hal ini tidak terlepas dari peranan guru. Bagi guru, memahami matematika juga merupakan hal yang sulit, dan lebih sulit lagi adalah mengajarkan kepada siswa untuk dapat dipahami. Karena hal itu membutuhkan strategi, metode, dan pendekatan. Dalam pembelajaran matematika banyak hal yang harus diperhatikan. Di antaranya adalah faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kegiatan belajar siswa yaitu: pengalaman, kemampuan, kematangan, dan motivasi siswa. Oleh karena itu, baik teori maupun metode dalam pembelajaran harus disesuaikan dengan kondisi siswa. Agar pembelajaran matematis menjadi bermakna dan dimaknai siswa, maka diperlukan cara-cara khusus untuk menjadikan siswa termotivasi belajar matematika. Salah satunya adalah penggunaan Metafora. Metafora dapat dipandang sebagai suatu strategi untuk membantu siswa dalam memahami matematika. Makalah ini akan menyajikan tentang apa sebenarnya metafofa, bagaimana menggunakannya dalam pembelajaran dan contoh penggunaannya serta kelebihan dalam menggunakan metafora   Kata kunci : Kepedulian, Metafora, Pembelajaran Matematika      Mathematics, for most of students, is still considered to be a difficult subject to learn because it does not only possess abstract objects of investigation but it is also based on deductive mindset. Enabling students to understand or even be enjoy learning mathematics, then, will demands good teachers’ roles. For teachers, understanding mathematics is also difficult as well. In fact, the most difficult thing for them is how to teach mathematics that can be easily and quickly understood by students. That is why; mathematics teachers need to use exact strategies, methods and approaches. In mathematics learning, there are many things to consider

  9. PENGEMBANGAN TEKNOLOGI TEPAT GUNA DIAGNOSTIK SEDERHANA PELAYANAN KESEHATAN GIGI DENGAN PERAN SERTA GURU UKGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niniek L. Pratiwi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The design of this study was intervention, location of the study area consist of 3 Health centers at Greslk regency, East Java. The respondents were all Dental Health Teachers (Guru UKGS for elementary school at the study area. The intervention covered training used hand and guidance book and simple diagnostics technology had been applied. The Dental health card filled by the teachers their referred to Health centers. The result shown that the teachers skill improved for early detection dental caries. The sensitivity and spesifisity of the dental caries for early detection caries were 90.5% and 85.6% respectively. The teachers also can found detections such as: calculus and gingivitis cases, this is supported for health imployers are early preventive dental care. The coverage of dental care at Health centers increate by 23.5% in average caused by referred cases by the trained Dental helth teachers. The beneficiaus of this intervention can reduce dental caries morbidities for child elementary school.   Keywords: simple diagnostic technology, dental health teachers

  10. PERSEPSI DAN SIKAP GURU TENTANG PENDAYAGUNAAN MEDIA JEJARING SOSIAL DALAM PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Chandra Setiawan

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the phenomenon in the 20th century that is currently being discussed is about emerging and the development of many social networking media. The media is now a trend all over among the people regardless of age, it is because social networking media provides convenience services in communicating, in particular interact and share information between human. If associated in the context of education, then social networking media to be one of the means of communication that can be utilized in the process of education management and learning for teachers. Salah satu fenomena pada abad ke-20 yang saat ini sedang ramai diperbincangkan adalah tentang berkembangnya media jejaring sosial. Media tersebut kini menjadi trend di seluruh kalangan masyarakat tanpa memandang usia, hal itu dikarenakan media jejaring sosial memberikan kemudahan layanan dalam berkomunikasi, khususnya berinteraksi dan berbagi informasi antar manusia. Jika dikaitkan dalam konteks pendidikan, maka media jejaring sosial menjadi salah satu sarana komunikasi yang dapat dimanfaatkan dalam proses manajemen pendidikan dan pembelajaran bagi guru. Pemanfaatan media tersebut tentu memiliki dampak positif dan negatif yang dapat memengaruhi keberhasilan lembaga pendidikan dalam mencapai tujuan.

  11. The Development and Impact of the Livestock Guru: Meeting the Knowledge Needs of Poor Livestock Keepers in Tamil Nadu, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Yu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Livestock keepers comprise 2/3rds of the 2.8 billion households living on less than two dollars per day. However, as a group they tend to be marginalised and excluded from formal service provision, particularly in relation to animal health. Therefore, the following paper describes the development of the Livestock Guru, a multi-media learning programme created to meet the knowledge needs of poor livestock keepers in Tamil Nadu, India. The findings from the study illustrate the importance of both appropriate visuals, voice-overs but also the need for addressing issues in the environment in which learning will take place.

  12. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, KOMUNIKASI ORGANISASI, MOTIVASI, DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMP NEGERI 16 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gading Puspaningtyas

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Kinerja guru yang baik tentunya dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, seperti kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, komunikasi organisasi, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja yang ada di SMP Negeri 16 Semarang. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini yaitu tingkat kedisiplinan guru dalam mengumpulkan perangkat pembelajaran masih rendah, hal ini mengakibatkan proses kegiatan belajar menjadi kurang efektif karena materi, media, dan metode yang dibawakan timbul secara spontan, siswa memiliki sedikit pengetahuan tentang kewirausahaan di sekolah, materi belajar pada buku sekolah masih terbatas, dan ruang kantor yang terasa panas dan gelap. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode dokumentasi dan angket. Uji keberartian persamaan regresi dilihat dari uji Fhitung = 22,103 dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,000 < 0,05 sehingga diperoleh Y = 5,502 + 0,121X1 + 0,232X2 + 0,145X3+ 0,116X4. Besarnya pengaruh secara simultan antara kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, komunikasi organisasi, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja terhadap kinerja guru yaitu 66,8%. Variabel yang memberikan pengaruh paling besar terhadap kinerja guru secara parsial adalah komunikasi organisasi yaitu sebesar 17,47%, sedangkan untuk kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja berpengaruh lebih kecil yaitu masing-masing sebesar 11,69%, 11,35% dan 10,56%. Teacher’s performance is influenced by several factors, such as principal’s leadership, organization communication, motivation, and work environment. The initial observation showed that the problems of the teacher’s performance were: teacher’s discipline to gather the learn program still low, it was ineffective learning process because the material, media, and method were spontaneous, students have a little knowledge about entrepreneurship, the books are still limited, and a part of the teacher’s room was hot and dark. The data were colleted by documentation and questionnaire. The significance of the test equation as calculated from the F

  13. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Nugroho

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan real-worlds yang menyangkut konsep dasar medan dan memerlukan jawaban secara spontan. Hasil studi inimenunjukan bahwa (1 struktur konsep mahasiswa mengenai medan elektrostatik pada umumnya mengalami fragmentasi; (2mahasiswa mengalami kerancuan dalam memahami konsep medan elektrostatik; (3 Pada umumnya, mahasiswa masihberlandaskan konsep gaya dalam memahami tentang medan. The purpose of this research is to explore the concept structure of electrostatics field of teacher candidate student. In thisexperiment, we used thinks-aloud method and varied by others (interview, discussion and written-test. Respondent consisted ofeight students of second semester passing Basic Physics subject as the first group and nine students of sixth semester passingelectricity and magnetism subject as the second group. On these students the real world questions related to concept of field andneeded spontaneous answer are asked. The study result shows that (1 in general the concept structure of electrostatics field ofstudents undergoes fragmenting process; (2 the students experience contamination in understanding the electrostatics fieldconcept, and (3 in general the students are still based on the force concept in understanding the field.Keywords: framing analysis, teacher candidate student, concept structure

  14. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Nugroho

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan real-worlds yang menyangkut konsep dasar medan dan memerlukan jawaban secara spontan. Hasil studi inimenunjukan bahwa (1 struktur konsep mahasiswa mengenai medan elektrostatik pada umumnya mengalami fragmentasi; (2mahasiswa mengalami kerancuan dalam memahami konsep medan elektrostatik; (3 Pada umumnya, mahasiswa masihberlandaskan konsep gaya dalam memahami tentang medan. The purpose of this research is to explore the concept structure of electrostatics field of teacher candidate student. In thisexperiment, we used thinks-aloud method and varied by others (interview, discussion and written-test. Respondent consisted ofeight students of second semester passing Basic Physics subject as the first group and nine students of sixth semester passingelectricity and magnetism subject as the second group. On these students the real world questions related to concept of field andneeded spontaneous answer are asked. The study result shows that (1 in general the concept structure of electrostatics field ofstudents undergoes fragmenting process; (2 the students experience contamination in understanding the electrostatics fieldconcept, and (3 in general the students are still based on the force concept in understanding the field.Keywords: framing analysis, teacher candidate student, concept structure

  15. Impacts of Interactive Stratospheric Chemistry on Antarctic and Southern Ocean Climate Change in the Goddard Earth Observing System Version 5 (GEOS-5)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Feng; Vikhliaev, Yury V.; Newman, Paul A.; Pawson, Steven; Perlwitz, Judith; Waugh, Darryn W.; Douglass, Anne R.

    2016-01-01

    Stratospheric ozone depletion plays a major role in driving climate change in the Southern Hemisphere. To date, many climate models prescribe the stratospheric ozone layer's evolution using monthly and zonally averaged ozone fields. However, the prescribed ozone underestimates Antarctic ozone depletion and lacks zonal asymmetries. In this study we investigate the impact of using interactive stratospheric chemistry instead of prescribed ozone on climate change simulations of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean. Two sets of 1960-2010 ensemble transient simulations are conducted with the coupled ocean version of the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, version 5: one with interactive stratospheric chemistry and the other with prescribed ozone derived from the same interactive simulations. The model's climatology is evaluated using observations and reanalysis. Comparison of the 1979-2010 climate trends between these two simulations reveals that interactive chemistry has important effects on climate change not only in the Antarctic stratosphere, troposphere, and surface, but also in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic sea ice. Interactive chemistry causes stronger Antarctic lower stratosphere cooling and circumpolar westerly acceleration during November-December-January. It enhances stratosphere-troposphere coupling and leads to significantly larger tropospheric and surface westerly changes. The significantly stronger surface wind stress trends cause larger increases of the Southern Ocean Meridional Overturning Circulation, leading to year-round stronger ocean warming near the surface and enhanced Antarctic sea ice decrease.

  16. Creating the Livestock Guru: ICTs to enhance livestock-related knowledge among poor households in Orissa, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yibo; Heffernan, Claire

    2010-10-01

    The following paper details the creation and dissemination of a multi-media learning program for poor livestock keepers in Orissa, India: the Livestock Guru. To devise the learning content, interviews were held with 240 poor livestock-keeping households in four districts in Orissa State. Methods for measuring user demand and assessing disease priorities are detailed in addition to a description of the software content, design, and dissemination strategy. The software was based on situated learning theory. Following this approach, the Livestock Guru was created to be contextually specific to the learning environment of the users. Further, to support a demand-led paradigm, the software was designed to be fully inter-active, where users have a choice over the learning material on offer. The results demonstrate that appropriately designed information and communication technologies can help alleviate barriers to knowledge acquisition by poor livestock keepers at the community level. As such, the overall aim of the paper is to enable the software to be replicated in other contexts.

  17. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGELOLA KELAS DAN GAYA MENGAJAR GURU TERHADAP KEAKTIFAN BELAJAR SISWA KELAS XI MATERI PEMBELAJARAN PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI SMA NEGERI 2 SLAWI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Febrianto

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas dan gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa kelas XI materi pembelajaran pembangunan ekonomi SMA Negeri 2 Slawi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif, dengan populasi berjumlah 120 siswa dengan sampel 100 siswa. Metode pengambilan data yang digunakan adalah kuesioner. Metode analisis data menggunakan deskriptif dan regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara simultan terdapat pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas dan gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 47,5%. Secara parsial keterampilan mengelola kelas berpengaruh sebesar 54,4% dan gaya mengajar guru berpengaruh sebesar 36,6%. Dengan keterampilan mengelola kelas dan gaya mengajar guru yang baik, akan meningkatkan keaktifan belajar siswa. The aim of this research is to know the impacts of classroom management skills and teaching styles of teachers on student activities class learning materials economic development XI SMA Negeri 2 Slawi. This research is quantitative research, with amount of population was 120 students with a sample of 100 students. The data analysis methods were descriptive and multiple linear regression. The data input methods used are questionnaires. The results showed that there is simultaneously classroom management skills and teaching styles of teachers on student activities class of 47.5%. Partially classroom management skills effect of 54.4% and styles teachers teaching effect of 36.6%. With a good classroom management skills and teaching styles of teachers are high, will increase student activities class.

  18. PENGGUNAAN NEGOSIASI MAKNA DALAM WACANA LISAN GURU DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PEMAHAMAN SISWA KELAS IV SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Septi Kartika Sari

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to describe the shape and type of negotiation of meaning and the frequency of the use of negotiation of meaning that teachers do in their lessons in the fourth grade. Moreover, it also aims to determine the effect of negotiation of meaning to the understanding of fourth grade students. This type of research is descriptive, because it describes the phenomena deslriptif shape and function of the use of negotiation of meaning as it is. The instrument used in this study are guidelines for observation, interview and test. The main instrument in this study is the researchers themselves who aided and supported by the other instruments. In the qualitative method, using observation sheet instruments and guidelines for the interview. Researchers used data collection techniques such as observation sheets, interview and test. The results showed that There are nine forms of negotiation of meaning. The form of negotiations that meaning is, ask questions inducement, explain, repeat, evaluating, defining, affirmation, outlines, and respond. There are nine functions Function negotiation negotiation of meaning that meaning is, requests for clarification, confirmation, confirmation check, repair or correction of its own, expansion, demand explanations, clarifications reply, reply confirmation, and reply as an answer. Frequency negotiation of meaning that most often appears on learning is a check confirmation. more often negotiate meaning it appears, increasing student understanding. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bentuk dan jenis negosiasi makna dan frekuensi penggunaan negosiasi makna yang dilakukan guru dalam pembelajaran yang dilakukan di kelas IV SD. Selain itu, untuk mengetahui pengaruh negosiasi makna terhadap pemahaman siswa kelas IV SD. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif karena memaparkan fenomena bentuk dan fungsi penggunaan negosiasi makna secara apa adanya. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pedoman

  19. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MINAT MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU AKUNTANSI PADA MAHASISWA PRODI PENDIDIKAN AKUNTANSI ANGKATAN 2010 UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anis Ardyani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Minat menjadi guru merupakan pemusatan pikiran, perasaan, kemauan atau perhatian seseorang terhadap profesi guru. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi pada mahasiswa prodi pendidikan akuntansi angkatan 2010 Universitas Negeri Semarang. Populasi penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa prodi pendidikan akuntansi angkatan 2010 sebanyak 103 mahasiswa. Penentuan jumlah sampel menggunakan rumus slovin dan didapat 82 mahasiswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik propotional random sampling yaitu pengambilan sampel secara acak dengan melihat proporsi tiap kelas. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode dokumentasi dan metode kuesioner. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis faktor dan analisis deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 7 kelompok faktor baru yang dapat mempengaruhi minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi diantaranya yaitu a persepsi mahasiswa tentang profesi guru (24,66%; b kesejahteraan guru (18,69%; c prestasi belajar (15,26%; d pengalaman PPL (13,85%; e teman bergaul (10,54%; f lingkungan keluarga (4,32%; dan g kepribadian (2,62%. Interest in becoming a teacher is a concentration of thought, feeling, volition or one's attention to the teaching profession. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence student interest in becoming a teacher in the accounting department of accounting education student class of 2010 State University of Semarang. The study population was a student of accounting department of education class of 2010 as many as 103 students. Determination of the number of samples obtained using the formula Slovin and 82 students. Sampling technique using proportional random sampling technique is random sampling with the proportions of each class. Methods of data collection using documentation and questionnaire method. Methods of data analysis using factor analysis and

  20. PENGEMBANGAN PROFESIONAL GURU DALAM PENERAPAN MODEL PENELITIAN TINDAKAN KELAS PADA SMK RUMPUN TEKNOLOGI DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Supraptono

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research are for descipting many correlation of variebl which can be contributed to policy of the head master or regional leader of educatonal departemen, to explore the resistence of teacher while they implemented the action research project in the class, to expand the moodel of statistic that can contructed. The population in this research are the teacher in study program of vocational in SMKN Teknologi at Semarang City, there are 240 personals. The sample are the teacher in adaptive program, there are 140 personals. With mehod of purposive random sampling, can be took 60 personals. He data analysis by SPSS program. The research finding explained that correlation between leadership and culture organitation 0,86; the corelation of leadership and motivation for reasearh 0,87; the corelation between leadership and motivation for research to implementation of CAR is 0.89; the corelation between supervision and motivation for research to implementation of CAR is 0.77; The resarcher‟s sugestion is that leadership and culture organitation is must be strong built for supporting the increasing of teacher competency in research, the supervisor program must be a strong direction and best planning. The motivation for research can be improved by the best leadership and supervision give away for implementation of CAR strategy. Keywords: Profesional teacher, CAR, Vocational School

  1. PENGARUH PERSEPSI SISWA MENGENAI KOMPETENSI GURU TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN AKUNTANSI JASA DAN DAGANG MELALUI MOTIVASI BELAJAR SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maulana Taufiqur Riski

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh langsung persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang maupun melalui motivasi belajar, menganalisis pengaruh motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang, dan menganalisis pengaruh persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap motivasi belajar. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XI Akuntansi SMK PGRI Batang tahun ajaran 2014/2015 yang berjumlah 113 siswa. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 88 siswa yang diambil menggunakan teknik nonprobability sampling dengan sampling kuota. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan dokumentasi dan angket. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif persentase dan analisis jalur serta uji sobel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh secara signifikan persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang sebesar 9,5%, terdapat pengaruh secara signifikan motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang sebesar 24,3%, terdapat pengaruh secara signifikan persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap motivasi belajar sebesar 14,2%, dan terdapat pengaruh secara signifikan persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang melalui motivasi belajar sebagai variabel intervening sebesar 3,5%. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh langsung persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang maupun melalui motivasi belajar. Selanjutnya terdapat pengaruh motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang, serta terdapat pengaruh persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap motivasi belajar. Saran yang diberikan dalam penelitian ini adalah guru harus meningkatkan kompetensi yang dimiliki dan

  2. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN KINERJA GURU (STUDI MULTI KASUS DI PAUD ISLAM SABILILLAH DAN SDN TANJUNGSARI 1 KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Ramadoni

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to: (1 describe the leadership style of the principal in improving teacher performance; (2 describe the role of the school principal; (3 describe the factor endowments and a barrier in improving the performance of teachers; and (4 describe the effort completed the obstacle in improving the performance of the teacher in PAUD Islam Sabilillah and SDN 1 Tanjungsari District of Sidoarjo. This research uses descriptive qualitative approach with multi- case study design. The data in this research was obtained through in-depth interviews, observation, and study the documentation. Data analysis is divided into two stages, namely the individual data analysis and data analysis of cross cases. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mendeskripsikan gaya kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru; (2 mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah; (3 mendeskripsikan faktor pendukung dan penghambat dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru; dan (4 mendeskripsikan usaha menyelesaikan hambatan dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru di PAUD Islam Sabilillah dan SDN Tanjungsari 1 Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi kasus. Data dalam penelitian ini diperoleh melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi, dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data dibagi dalam dua tahap, yakni analisis data individu dan analisis data lintas kasus.

  3. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGELOLA KELAS DAN GAYA MENGAJAR GURU TERHADAP KEAKTIFAN BELAJAR SISWA KELAS VII MATA PELAJARAN IPS TERPADU DI SMP NEGERI SE-KECAMATAN WEDUNG KABUPATEN DEMAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifanah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas, dan gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri se-Kecamatan Wedung. Dalam penelitian ini populasi yang digunakan adalah seluruh siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri se-Kecamatan Wedung yang berjumlah 296 siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel yang berjumlah 81 sampel. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan proportional random sampling. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah variabel bebas yaitu keterampilan mengelola kelas (XI, gaya mengajar guru (X2, dan keaktifan belajar siswa (Y sebagai variabel terikat. Metode pengumpulan data: dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis yaitu analisi deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian diperoleh persamaan regresi Y = 1,873+ 0,260 X1 + 0,670 X2. Secara deskriptif penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keterampilan mengelola kelas, dan gaya mengajar guru adalah baik. Pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 84,5%, gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 92,8%, pengarunya positif dan signifikan. Sedangkan pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas dan gaya mengajar guru secara bersama berpengaruh terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 89,7% dan sisanya sebesar 10,3% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diteliti. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of classroom management skills, and the teaching style of teachers to students of class VII activity of SMP Wedung throughout the District. In this study population used is the entire Junior High School seventh grade students throughout the District Wedung totaling 296 students. This study used a sample of 81 samples. Sampling technique using proportional random sampling. The variable in this study is the independent variable classroom management skills (XI, the teacher's teaching style (X2, and the activity of student learning (Y as the dependent variable. Methods of data collection: documentation and

  4. Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Guru dengan Motivasi Karir Sebagai Variabel Moderasi dan Kepuasan Karir Sebagai Variabel Mediasi pada YP IPPI [Effect of Job Satisfaction on Teacher Performance with Career Motivation as a Moderating Variable and Career Satisfaction as a Mediating Variable at the YP IPPI – Education Foundation/Indonesian Educational Development Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdy Ardiansyah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru dengan motivasi karir sebagai variabel moderasi dan kepuasan karir sebagai variabel mediasi pada YP IPPI, Disamping itu, penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh variabel moderasi motivasi karir dan variabel mediasi pada hubungan antara kepuasan kerja dan kinerja. Penelitian ini menyebarkan kuesioner kepada 74 guru dari total 208 guru di YP IPPI di Jakarta dan dilakukan dengan random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepuasan kerja berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja dengan dimediasi oleh kepuasan karir dan di moderasi oleh motivasi karir, namun temuan yang unik variabel moderasi motivasi karir memberikan dukungan pengaruh yang negatif pada guru-guru di sekolah tersebut.

  5. KONTRIBUSI DISIPLIN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP UNJUK KERJA GURU SMP NEGERI SSN DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuk Isdiyati

    2015-07-01

    towards teacher performance at SMP N with National Standard School (SSN Semarang, this is indicated with the acquisition probability value <0.05 with the effective contribution counted 17.25% and the classical assumption test results showed that the regression model is not biased or problems of classical assumptions (normality, linearity, and multicollinearity that could otherwise BLUE (Best, Linear, Unbiased, Estimator.

  6. PENGARUH MOTIVASI BELAJAR, PERANAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU, DAN LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR KOMPETENSI DASAR PERBEDAAN EKONOMI MIKRO DAN MAKRO SISWA KELAS X SMA NEGERI 1 SUGIHWARAS BOJONEGORO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evi Diana

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Prestasi belajar siswa dipengaruhi oleh faktor intern dan ekstern. Permasalahan: ada pengaruh motivasi belajar, peranan kompetensi profesional guru dan lingkungan keluarga terhadap prestasi belajar ekonomi mikro dan makro� siswa kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Sugihwaras Bojonegoro baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Populasi ini berjumlah 188 siswa, dengan teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik proportional random sampling dan diperoleh 128 siswa. Hasil uji F dan uji t motivasi belajar signifikansi 0,014 ? ? (0,05, peranan kompetensi profesional guru signifikansi 0,000 ? ? (0,05, lingkungan keluarga signifikansi 0,002 ? ? (0,05, maka Ha diterima. Kesimpulan bahwa ada pengaruh yang positif motivasi belajar, peranan kompetensi profesional guru dan lingkungan keluarga terhadap prestasi belajar ekonomi mikro dan makro siswa kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Sugihwaras Bojonegoro secara simultan maupun parsial. � The students� academic achievement is influenced by some internal and external factors. Is there any effect of study motivation, role of teachers� professional competence and family environment toward academic of micro and macro economics differences of tenth grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Sugihwaras Bojonegoro partially and simultaneously. The population was 188 students, 128 students were chosen as the subjects through proportional random sampling. From F test and T test of study motivation significance 0,014 ? ? (0,05, role of teachers� professional competence significance 0,000 ? ? (0,05, family environmen significance 0,002 ? ? (0,05. Thus, Ha is accepted. According it can be concluded that there is a possitive effect among study motivation, role of teachers� professional competence and family environment toward academic of micro and macro economics differences of tenth grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Sugihwaras Bojonegoro partially and simultaneously.

  7. PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN SEKOLAH DAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU MELALUI MOTIVASI BELAJAR SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI PADA SISWA KELAS XI IPS SMA NEGERI 11 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herlinda Destia Ratnasari

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh lingkungan sekolah dan kompetensi profesional guru melalui motivasi belajar siswa terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran ekonomi pada siswa kelas XI IPS SMA Negeri 11 Semarang secara simultan maupun parsial. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kuantitatif. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XI IPS SMA Negeri 11 Semarang, kemudian diambil sampel sejumlah 127 siswa dengan teknik proposional random sample. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif, analisis regresi berganda, dan analisis jalur. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa lingkungan sekolah berpengaruh terhadap motivasi belajar sebesar 24,6%. Kompetensi profesional berpengaruh motivasi belajar sebesar 16,32%. Motivasi belajar berpengaruh terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 22,65%. Lingkungan sekolah berpengaruh terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 29,26%. Kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 18,32%. Lingkungan sekolah dan kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh secara bersama-sama terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 31,8%. Ada pengaruh lingkungan sekolah terhadap prestasi belajar melalui motivasi belajar sebesar 59,7%. Ada pengaruh kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar melalui motivasi belajar sebesar 33,7%. This study aims to investigate the influence of the school environment and the professional competence of teachers through students' motivation to learning achievement of economic subjects in class XI Social SMAN 11 Semarang simultaneously or partially. This study includes a quantitative study. The study population was all students in class XI Social SMAN 11 Semarang, then take a sample of 127 students with a proportional random sample technique. Methods of data collection using the documentation and questionnaires. Methods of data analysis using descriptive analysis, regression analysis , and path

  8. Reorientasi Ideologi Urban Sufism di Indonesia terhadap Relasi Guru dan Murid dalam Tradisi Generik Sufisme pada Majelis Shalawat Muhammad di Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubaidi Rubaidi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the discussion about ideology reorientation on Urban Sufism’s doctrines in Indonesia in the post Reformation Era. The study puts emphasis on Majelis Shalawat Muhammad and its teachings. The study on the doctrinal teachings based on practices (‘amalîyah of Majelis Shalawat Muhammad provides, on one hand, conceptual data on Sufism teachings within their generic meanings. On the other, it is intended to be a comparative study toward theoretical conceptions on Urban Sufism established by Julia Day Howell, Martin van Bruinessen, and other scholars on the field. This study underlines the relation of guru-murid (murshid and his pupils in preserving doctrinal teachings and practices of Sufism, which have been uninterruptedly maintained from classical period until nowadays. Within the tradition of Sufism, the relation of guru-murid has generated a term what so-called walîy Allâh. Predicate as walîy Allâh within the personality of a pupil is indicated by his ability to reach and “open” a dimension of tawhîd which is called mukâshafah. The dimension of mukâshafah has played a pivotal role in maintaining the transmission of teachings and doctrines of Sufism from generation to generation and ensuring their sustainability.

  9. PENGARUH MOTIVASI BELAJAR DAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN IPS EKONOMI SISWA KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 3 MAGELANG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2011/2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunik Sulistyowati,

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Prestasi belajar merupakan indikator yang penting untuk mengukur keberhasilan proses belajar mengajar. Prestasi belajar dipengaruhi oleh banyak faktor, di antaranya motivasi belajar dan kompetensi profesional guru. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah adakah pengaruh motivasi belajar dan kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar IPS ekonomi siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Magelang Tahun Ajaran 2011/2012 baik secara simultan maupun parsial.Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Magelang dengan sampel berjumlah 133 siswa. Variabel penelitian terdiri dari variabel bebas yaitu motivasi belajar (X1 dan kompetensi profesional guru (X2, dan variabel terikat yaitu prestasi belajar (Y. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian deskriptif persentase menunjukkan bahwa motivasi belajar siswa dalam kategori tinggi, kompetensi profesional guru� dalam kategori baik, dan prestasi belajar siswa dalam kategori tuntas. Hasil penelitian diperoleh persamaan regresi yaitu ?= 48,387 + 0,607(X1 + 0,101(X2. Dari hasil uji F diperoleh nilai signifikan sebesar 0,000 dan menunjukkan bahwa secara simultan ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara motivasi belajar dan kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar IPS ekonomi sebesar 47,7% sedangkan sisanya 52,3% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak dikaji dalam penelitian ini. Secara parsial menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh antara motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 22,09%, dan ada pengaruh kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 28,40%. Learning achievement is an indicator that it is important to measure the success of the process of teaching and learning. Learning achievement are influenced by many factors, such as learning motivation and teacher�s professional competence.The problem in this study is whether there is influence of learning motivation and teacher�s professional competence toward learning

  10. THE REPRESENTATION OF THE DIVINE AND HUMAN BEING IMAGERY IN THE ENTITY OF RITUS SA’O NGAZA IN GURU SINA, NGADA, FLORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Watu Yohanes Vianey

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This dissertation discusses the representation of the Divine and human being imagery in theentity of ritus Sa’o Ngaza in the village of Guru Sina in Ngada Regency, Flores. The empiricproblems of this dissertasion are connected with the marginalized phenomenon of the local religionthat submerged in the entity of ritus Sa’o Ngaza and its ritual practices. This probelm is relevant tobe investigated from the perspectives cultural studies.The problems raised in this study are : 1 the representation of the Divine and human beingimagery in the entity of ritus Sa’o Ngaza, 2 the representation of the relationhip between the Divineand human being in ritual practices of Sa’o Ngaza, and 3 the meaning of the representation of theDivine and human being imagery in the entity of ritus Sa’o Ngaza. This study applies the qualitativemethod and the data collection was done using techniques of intensive interview, participationobservation,and documentation. The data were analyzed using the theory of ritus, the theory ofprocess,the theory of semiotics, and the theory of deconstruction.The findings of the study can be explained as follows. Firstly, the representation of theDivine imagery is dyadic and triadic. In the dyadic imagery representation, The Divine is depicted as’The Giver of an Unlimited Love and at the same time as ’The Unpredictable Taker of Love’. In thetriadic representation, The Divine is depicted as The Sacred, in the attributive as ‘The Beginning’,‘The End’, and ‘The Present Throughout’. In the dyadic imagery, the human being consists of theelements of the body and the soul, and in the triadic imagery, the human being consists of theelements of the body, the psyche, and the spirit.Secondly, the relation between the Divine and human being is representatively revealed inthe ritual practices of legitimating Sa’o Ngaza. This relation centers in the methapor of relationshipbetween the simbolic body dan the religious body, and

  11. Pemberdayaan Guru dalam Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa SD

    OpenAIRE

    Tatag Yuli Eko Siswono; Abdul Haris Rosyidi; Yuliani Puji Astuti; Ika Kurniasari

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: Empowering Mathematics Teachers to Improve Creative Thinking of Elementary-School Students. This experimental study is intended to develop mathematics teachers’ competences in designing teaching and learning strategies that enhance students’ creative thinking. In addition, the study portrays teachers’ creative thinking as well as their competences in planning and implementing problem-solving and problem-posing teaching models. Utilizing a pre-test post-test single group design, this...

  12. EFEKTIVITAS METODE P2R UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KECEPATAN EFEKTIF MEMBACA (KEM MAHASISWA CALON GURU BAHASA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurmina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Reading is one of language skill which is not less important compared with others language skill such as scrutinizing, speaking, and writing. In this era which technology is flaring and developing rapidly, the students are prefer to play facebook, twitter, chatting, and many more than read a journal or articles. This phenomenon shows that the interest to read among students is needed to be increased. One of the way that can be taken is by having skills to read quickly or is known by scanning with P2R method. The P2R method itself is one of method or strategy that can be used to increase reading skill. The P2R method consists of stages pra-peninjauan, membaca, dan meninjau that commonly used by the most of quick reader / scanner and efficient. This research is done to obtain data about the effective reading speed of student as Indonesian language teacher candidate and the effort of its increasing through the P2R method. The population of this research is all students on program of study Indonesian language and literature education and also area of Almuslim University as much 149 students. The sample of this research is 30% of the total population or as much 45 strudents of Indonesia Language teacher candidate of Almuslim University who are taken randomly. The type of research is experimental research (true experimental and quantitative approach with the model of research is pretest-post test control group model. The result of research shows that the P2R method is effective to be implemented to increase the effective reading speed of students as Indonesian language teacher candidate. FKIP is obtained by researcher. The posttest result shows that there was an increasing of KEM learning outcomes meanwhile the observation result was seems that in the learning with P2R model, the students were very enthusiasm, more active, also more motivated in attending the learning. Besides that, the result of questionnaires also shows that the P2R method obtained

  13. KOMPETENSI GURU, SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE DENGAN SELF DETERMINATION THEORY SEBAGAI MEDIASI DENGAN ORGANIZATION CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayadi Jayadi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the factors that affect theorganization citizenship behavior, namely teacher competence, spiritualintelligence, and self-determination theory in junior high school teacher.Some 231 junior high school teachers in East Kotawaringin Sampit aregiven four scales to fill in, namely teacher competence scale, spiritualintelligence scale, self-determination theory scale and organization citizenshipbehavior scale. Data was analyzed with statistical techniquesnamelystructural equation model (SEM.The results showed there is the influence of teacher competence inself-determination theory (ë = 0.147, p = 0.003. The influence of spiritualintelligence to self-determination theory was significant (ë = 0874, p =0.000. There isa significant influenceof teachers’ competencies onorganizational citizenship behavior (ë = 0097, p = 0.007. There is nosignificant influence of spiritual intelligence to organizational citizenshipbehavior (ë = 0070, p = 0461, but the effect through self-determination

  14. Benchmark Comparison of Dual- and Quad-Core Processor Linux Clusters with Two Global Climate Modeling Workloads

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGalliard, James

    2008-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation details the science and systems environments that NASA High End computing program serves. Included is a discussion of the workload that is involved in the processing for the Global Climate Modeling. The Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) is a system of models integrated using the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF). The GEOS-5 system was used for the Benchmark tests, and the results of the tests are shown and discussed. Tests were also run for the Cubed Sphere system, results for these test are also shown.

  15. PENGARUH GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSAKSIONAL, TRANSFORMASIONAL DAN DISIPLIN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU (KARYAWAN DI KOTA MADIUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satrijo Budiwibowo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Transactional leadership is described as providing an explanation of employees responsibilities and rewards they can expect if the specified standards is achieved. Transformational leadership approach motivates employees, so that they can thrive and achieve high levels of performance. In addition it is also necessary to support the performance of the good discipline of employees. Broadcasting companies who have employees working on the division of operational and management needed different leadership style to support the realization of optimal performance.  This study used a qualitative approach. Sample was 136 people who are determined by purposive sampling technique. The research instrument used Likert scale models. Data analysis using validity test, realibitas test, the classical assumption, hypothesis testing, multiple linear regression analysis, analysis of correlation coefficients and determination.  The results showed that together transactional leadership styles, transformational leadership styles, work discipline affect the performance of the company's employees broadcasting. Partially transactional and transformational leadership style had no effect on performance. And partially work discipline most dominant effect on performance.  Keywords: Influence of Transactional, Leadership Style and Discipline Performance

  16. Efikasi Mengajar Sebagai Mediator Peranan Faktor Kepribadian terhadap Performasi Mengajar Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Widhiarso

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe aim of this study is to test the role of teaching efficacy as a mediatorrelationship between personality factors and optimal teaching performance.Construct personality factor involved is Big Five personality. Participantsin this study were 142 teachers who are representatives of the provincesin Indonesia. Measurement instruments are Five Factors Personality Scale,Teaching Efficacy Scale and Teaching Performance Scale. This studysuggest that the role of personality factors indirectly effect is better to explainvariations in teaching performance than directly effect. This conclusionsare based on two results of the statistical analysis: (1 results fromhierarchical regression analysis indicates that at final stage, entering factorsof teaching efficacy has reduced the role of all five factors of personality tothe teaching performance of teachers ( F = 17.81 p<0.01; R2 = 21.8%.Comparison of coefficient value from two types of effect (direct effectversus indirect effect in structural equation modeling (SEM, suggest thatthe indirect effect coefficient more significant than direct effect. In general,our findings suggest that construct personality has a broad scope that requireother construct more specific or narrower trait as a mediator in explainingthe behavior of the criteria.

  17. Filantropi Islam Untuk Pendidikan: Strategi Pendanaan Dompet Dhuafa dalam Program Sekolah Guru Indonesia (SGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizka Amalia Shofa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Philanthropy for Education: Dompet Dhuafa Funding Strategy in Indonesian Teacher School Program (SGI. This study is aimed at finding out the implementation of the use of zakah funds for the Indonesian Teachers School (SGI program, and to motivate Islamic educational institutions to empower zakah as the Islamic education funding strategy in Indonesia. This research is a qualitative research and conducted in Indonesian Teachers School office with sevent respondents using snow ball sampling technique. The methods of data collection use observation, interviews, and documentation. Data validity test used is source triangulation technique, and data analysis technique used is interactive model from Huberman and Miles. The results show that Indonesian Teachers School is a teacher delivery program in disadvantaged areas by using productive zakah funds from Dompet Dhuafa. The teacher is included in the category ashnâf fî sabilillâh so it is entitled to receive the benefit of zakah. The process of funding using zakat begins with the preparation of the Annual Budget Work Plan (RKAT, the disbursement of zakah funds, the use of zakah funds by beneficiaries (teachers, the preparation of monthly financial and activity reports by beneficiaries to the Indonesian Teachers School.

  18. DAMPAK PROGRAM PERKULIAHAN MEKANIKA BERBASIS MULTIPEL REPRESENTASI TERHADAP KECERDASAN SPASIAL MAHASISWA CALON GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismet -

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKTelah dilakukan penelitian untuk menggali kompetensi mahasiswa dalam membangun beragam representasi dan melihat dampaknya terhadap kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Desain penelitian menggunakan Mixed Methods Research melalui embedded experimental model. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan meggunakan instrumen tes kecerdasan spasial yang dikembangkan berdasarkan taksonomi kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial, dan data kualitatif dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, analisis dokumen, angket. Hasil analisis kualitatif menunjukan bahwa representasi mahasiswa belum konsisten antara satu representasi dengan representasi lainnya, namun demikian kompetensi multipel representasi mahasiswa  dari waktu ke waktu meningkat semakin membaik mendekati representasi expert. Analisis kuantitatif menunjukkan bahwa  rerata N-gain kecerdasan spasial kelas eksperimen 0,52 (kriteria sedang lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol 0,16 (kriteria rendah sehingga pembelajaran mekanika berbasis multipel representasi dapat meningkatkan kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Peningkatan kecerdasan spasial terjadi pada semua indikator kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial. Berdasarkan perhitungan efek-size(d dan rerata N-gain,  maka  peningkatan paling kuat terjadi pada indikator representasi grafik (d= 4,66, dan N-gain=0,65. ABSTRACTA study has been conducted to explore students' ability in constructing multiple representations and examine its impact on students' spatial intelligence. This study employed a mixed-method with embedded experimental design.  Quantitative data were collected using instruments of spatial intelligence test developed based on taxonomy of core capacities of spatial intelligence. Qualitative data were collected through interviews, document analysis, and questionnaires. Quantitative analysis showed that theinitialrepresentation ofthe studentshave not beenconsistentfrom one format representationtoanother. However, students' competencies of multiple representations were getting

  19. DAMPAK PROGRAM PERKULIAHAN MEKANIKA BERBASIS MULTIPEL REPRESENTASI TERHADAP KECERDASAN SPASIAL MAHASISWA CALON GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismet -

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKTelah dilakukan penelitian untuk menggali kompetensi mahasiswa dalam membangun beragam representasi dan melihat dampaknya terhadap kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Desain penelitian menggunakan Mixed Methods Research melalui embedded experimental model. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan meggunakan instrumen tes kecerdasan spasial yang dikembangkan berdasarkan taksonomi kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial, dan data kualitatif dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, analisis dokumen, angket. Hasil analisis kualitatif menunjukan bahwa representasi mahasiswa belum konsisten antara satu representasi dengan representasi lainnya, namun demikian kompetensi multipel representasi mahasiswa  dari waktu ke waktu meningkat semakin membaik mendekati representasi expert. Analisis kuantitatif menunjukkan bahwa  rerata N-gain kecerdasan spasial kelas eksperimen 0,52 (kriteria sedang lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol 0,16 (kriteria rendah sehingga pembelajaran mekanika berbasis multipel representasi dapat meningkatkan kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Peningkatan kecerdasan spasial terjadi pada semua indikator kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial. Berdasarkan perhitungan efek-size(d dan rerata N-gain,  maka  peningkatan paling kuat terjadi pada indikator representasi grafik (d= 4,66, dan N-gain=0,65. ABSTRACTA study has been conducted to explore students' ability in constructing multiple representations and examine its impact on students' spatial intelligence. This study employed a mixed-method with embedded experimental design.  Quantitative data were collected using instruments of spatial intelligence test developed based on taxonomy of core capacities of spatial intelligence. Qualitative data were collected through interviews, document analysis, and questionnaires. Quantitative analysis showed that theinitialrepresentation ofthe studentshave not beenconsistentfrom one format representationtoanother. However, students' competencies of multiple representations were getting

  20. To Call or Not to Call a Spade a Spade: The Dilemma of Treating 'Offensive' Terms in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Chabata

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    ABSTRACT: As noted by Béjoint (2000: 6, the main objective in dictionary-making is to define words and terms. This is especially the case if the fact is accepted that dictionaries are mostly con-sulted for word meaning and that, in the consultation process, the user hopes to acquire and/or verify certain information. However, as again noted by Jackson (1988, Landau (1984, Svénsen (1993 and Zgusta (1971, among others, the description of word meaning is one of the greatest difficulties with which the lexicographer has to cope. This article discusses some of the challenges facing lexicographers when defining 'offensive' headwords in a monolingual dictionary. It is based on experiences of defining such headwords for the general-purpose, medium-sized, synchronic, monolingual Shona dictionary, Duramazwi Guru reChiShona (henceforth DGC (Chimhundu et al. 2001. DGC was compiled and edited by a six-member team of mother-tongue speakers of Shona who are researchers at the African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. The article also discusses some of the strategies the team of editors adopted as ways of dealing with offensive words in DGC. One such strategy is the use of euphemism in defining.


    Keywords: ALRI, CULTURE, DEFINITION, THEORETICAL DEFINITION, PRACTICAL DEFINITION, DICTIONARY, EUPHEMISM, LEXICOGRAPHY, MONOLINGUAL DICTION-ARY, OFFENSIVE HEADWORD, SHONA

    *****

    OPSOMMING: Om die kind by sy naam te noem of nie te noem nie: Die dilemma van die behandeling van "aanstootlike" terme in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona. Soos deur Béjoint (2000: 6 opgemerk, is die hoofdoel van woordeboekmaak om woorde en terme te definieer. Dit is veral die geval as die feit aanvaar word dat woordeboeke meestal geraadpleeg word vir woordbetekenis en dat, by die raadplegingsproses, die gebruiker hoop om sekere inligting te bekom en/of te kontroleer. Soos weer eens opgemerk deur onder andere Jackson (1988, Landau (1984, Svénsen (1993 en Zgusta (1971, is

  1. Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) Acceleration of the Goddard Earth Observing System Atmospheric Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam, Williama

    2011-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System 5 (GEOS-5) is the atmospheric model used by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) for a variety of applications, from long-term climate prediction at relatively coarse resolution, to data assimilation and numerical weather prediction, to very high-resolution cloud-resolving simulations. GEOS-5 is being ported to a graphics processing unit (GPU) cluster at the NASA Center for Climate Simulation (NCCS). By utilizing GPU co-processor technology, we expect to increase the throughput of GEOS-5 by at least an order of magnitude, and accelerate the process of scientific exploration across all scales of global modeling, including: The large-scale, high-end application of non-hydrostatic, global, cloud-resolving modeling at 10- to I-kilometer (km) global resolutions Intermediate-resolution seasonal climate and weather prediction at 50- to 25-km on small clusters of GPUs Long-range, coarse-resolution climate modeling, enabled on a small box of GPUs for the individual researcher After being ported to the GPU cluster, the primary physics components and the dynamical core of GEOS-5 have demonstrated a potential speedup of 15-40 times over conventional processor cores. Performance improvements of this magnitude reduce the required scalability of 1-km, global, cloud-resolving models from an unfathomable 6 million cores to an attainable 200,000 GPU-enabled cores.

  2. English Teachers’ Teaching Quality in Madrasah in Jakarta and Banten based on the Dynamic Model of Educational Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nurul Azkiya

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper was intended to describe English teachers’ teaching quality in teaching reading comprehension and provide some reflection and suggestion on how teaching quality could be improved. The classroom factors of the dynamic model (orientation, structuring, questioning, modeling, application, assessment, time management, and making classroom as a learning environment [CLE] were used as a reference to conceptualize teaching quality. Classroom observation instrument was used to measure teaching quality of 59 English teachers in Madrasah Tsanawiyah in the provinces of Jakarta and Banten with a focus on reading comprehension. The findings showed that among the above eight factors, teachers rarely practiced orientation, structuring, modeling, and CLE. In addition, they did not provide enough application whereas a lot of time was spent for reading aloud and translating the text. Nevertheless, they started to raise questions and conduct assessment. With respect to questioning, however, the questions were limited to product questions, which did not promote critical thinking. Finally, the assessment method used was limited to questioning. Abstrak Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan kualitas guru Bahasa Inggris dalam mengajar reading comprehension dan memberikan rekomendasi strategi meningkatkan kualitas mengajar. Delapan aspek yang ada dalam the Ddynamic Model (orientation, structuring, questioning, modeling, application, assessment, time management, and making classroom as a learning environment [CLE] dijadikan sebagai pijakan untuk mendefinisikan konsep kualitas mengajar. Penelitian ini menggunakan instrumen observasi kelas untuk melihat bagaimana guru mengajar reading comprehension. Partisipan penelitian ini adalah 59 guru Bahasa Inggris di Madrasah Tsanawiyah di propinsi DKI Jakarta dan Banten. Temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa di antara delapan aspek kualitas mengajar yang dalam the Dynamic Model, kebanyakan guru jarang

  3. Assessing the tangent linear behaviour of common tracer transport schemes and their use in a linearised atmospheric general circulation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Holdaway

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The linearity of a selection of common advection schemes is tested and examined with a view to their use in the tangent linear and adjoint versions of an atmospheric general circulation model. The schemes are tested within a simple offline one-dimensional periodic domain as well as using a simplified and complete configuration of the linearised version of NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5. All schemes which prevent the development of negative values and preserve the shape of the solution are confirmed to have non-linear behaviour. The piecewise parabolic method (PPM with certain flux limiters, including that used by default in GEOS-5, is found to support linear growth near the shocks. This property can cause the rapid development of unrealistically large perturbations within the tangent linear and adjoint models. It is shown that these schemes with flux limiters should not be used within the linearised version of a transport scheme. The results from tests using GEOS-5 show that the current default scheme (a version of PPM is not suitable for the tangent linear and adjoint model, and that using a linear third-order scheme for the linearised model produces better behaviour. Using the third-order scheme for the linearised model improves the correlations between the linear and non-linear perturbation trajectories for cloud liquid water and cloud liquid ice in GEOS-5.

  4. Assessing the Tangent Linear Behaviour of Common Tracer Transport Schemes and Their Use in a Linearised Atmospheric General Circulation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Daniel; Kent, James

    2015-01-01

    The linearity of a selection of common advection schemes is tested and examined with a view to their use in the tangent linear and adjoint versions of an atmospheric general circulation model. The schemes are tested within a simple offline one-dimensional periodic domain as well as using a simplified and complete configuration of the linearised version of NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5). All schemes which prevent the development of negative values and preserve the shape of the solution are confirmed to have nonlinear behaviour. The piecewise parabolic method (PPM) with certain flux limiters, including that used by default in GEOS-5, is found to support linear growth near the shocks. This property can cause the rapid development of unrealistically large perturbations within the tangent linear and adjoint models. It is shown that these schemes with flux limiters should not be used within the linearised version of a transport scheme. The results from tests using GEOS-5 show that the current default scheme (a version of PPM) is not suitable for the tangent linear and adjoint model, and that using a linear third-order scheme for the linearised model produces better behaviour. Using the third-order scheme for the linearised model improves the correlations between the linear and non-linear perturbation trajectories for cloud liquid water and cloud liquid ice in GEOS-5.

  5. Assessing the Tangent Linear Behaviour of Common Tracer Transport Schemes and Their Use in a Linearised Atmospheric General Circulation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Daniel; Kent, James

    2015-01-01

    The linearity of a selection of common advection schemes is tested and examined with a view to their use in the tangent linear and adjoint versions of an atmospheric general circulation model. The schemes are tested within a simple offline one-dimensional periodic domain as well as using a simplified and complete configuration of the linearised version of NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5). All schemes which prevent the development of negative values and preserve the shape of the solution are confirmed to have nonlinear behaviour. The piecewise parabolic method (PPM) with certain flux limiters, including that used by default in GEOS-5, is found to support linear growth near the shocks. This property can cause the rapid development of unrealistically large perturbations within the tangent linear and adjoint models. It is shown that these schemes with flux limiters should not be used within the linearised version of a transport scheme. The results from tests using GEOS-5 show that the current default scheme (a version of PPM) is not suitable for the tangent linear and adjoint model, and that using a linear third-order scheme for the linearised model produces better behaviour. Using the third-order scheme for the linearised model improves the correlations between the linear and non-linear perturbation trajectories for cloud liquid water and cloud liquid ice in GEOS-5.

  6. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGAJAR GURU, DISIPLIN BELAJAR DAN SIKAP SISWA TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR MATA DIKLAT BEKERJASAMA DENGAN KOLEGA DAN PELANGGAN PADA SISWA KELAS X PROGRAM KEAHLIAN ADMINISTRASI PERKANTORAN DI SMK PL TARCISIUS 1 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parastining Mulyany

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah: (1 Untuk mengetahui keterampilan mengajar guru, disiplin belajar dan sikap siswa terhadap motivasi belajar (2 Untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh keterampilan mengajar guru, disiplin belajar dan sikap siswa terhadap motivasi belajar. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X Program Keahlian Administrasi Perkantoran SMK PL Tarcisius 1 Semarang yang berjumlah 110 siswa. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa analisis regresi linear berganda diperoleh persamaan: Y = 2,241 + 0,034 X1 + 0,419 X2 + 0,594 X3 Uji F diperoleh Fhitung33,753, sehingga H4 diterima. Secara parsial (uji t variabel keterampilan mengajar guru (X1 diperoleh thitung = 0,407, sehingga H1 ditolak. Variabel disiplin belajar (X2 diperoleh thitung = 3.272, sehingga H2 diterima. Variabel sikap siswa (X3 diperoleh thitung = 5.868, sehingga H3 diterima. Secara simultan (R2 keterampilan mengajar guru, disiplin belajar dan sikap siswa berpengaruh terhadap motivasi belajar sebesar 47,4%. The aim problems of this study were : (1 the teaching skills, the students’ learning discipline, the students’ attitudes, and the students’ motivation. (2 the effects of the teaching skills, the students’ learning discipline, and the students’ attitudes on the students’ motivation. The population of this study were the tenth grade students of Office Administration Program of SMK PL Tarcisius 1 Semarang which consisted of 110 students. The data were collected by questionnaires and documentations. The data then, were analyzed by multiple regression analysis. The results of the study showed that the multiple linear regression analysis, it was gained an equation Ŷ = 2.241 + 0.034 X1 + 0.419 X2 + 0.594 X3. The Fvalue obtained from F-test was 33.753 so that H4 was accepted. Partially (t-test, the tvalue for the teachers’ teaching skills variable (X1

  7. PENGARUH PERSEPSI SISWA MENGENAI KEPEMIMPINAN DAN KEMAMPUAN BERKOMUNIKASI GURU TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI KELAS XI-IPS SMA NEGERI 1 SAYUNG TAHUN AJARAN 2013/2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizki Nugrahani

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Motivasi belajar merupakan segala sesuatu yang dapat memotivasi siswa atau individu untuk belajar. Hasil observasi awal menunjukkan masih banyak siswa yang memiliki motivasi belajar rendah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh persepsi siswa mengenai kepemimpinan dan kemampuan berkomunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran ekonomi kelas XI-IPS SMA Negeri 1 Sayung Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014. Populasi seluruh siswa kelas XI-IPS SMA Negeri 1 Sayung Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014 berjumlah 50 siswa, seluruhnya dijadikan responden. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis deskriptif dan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persepsi siswa mengenai kepemimpinan dan kemampuan berkomunikasi guru secara simultan berpengaruh terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran ekonomi (65%. Secara parsial persepsi siswa mengenai kepemimpinan guru berpengaruh terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran ekonomi (38,2%. Sedangkan persepsi siswa mengenai kemampuan berkomunikasi guru berpengaruh (33,8% terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran ekonomi. Motivation to learn is everything that can motivate students or individuals to learn. The results of preliminary observations indicate there are still many students who have alow learning motivation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of students perceptions about leadership and communication skills of teachers to students motivation on economic subjects in class XI Social SMA Negeri 1 Sayung school year 2013/2014. The population in this study are all students of class XI Social SMAN 1 Sayung school year 2013/2014 amounted to 50 students, and they are the respondent. The technique of collecting data using questionnaires. Data analysis method used is deskripstif analysis technique and multiple regression linier analysis. The results showed that the students

  8. Efektivitas Model Pengukuran Kreativitas dalam Pembelajaran Hemisphere Kanas (HK untuk Meningkatkan Kreativitas Siswa Kelas V dalam Mata Pelajaran IPA di Sekolah Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Kamil Marisi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mendiskripsikan: efektivitas model pengukutan kreativitas verbal, kebethasilan pengembangan pembelajaran hemisphere kanan (HK, dan komponen kreativitas yang dapat dikembangkan setelah diberikan perlakuan pembelajaran HK. Penelitian dilakukan dalam dua tahap, yaitu penelitian quasi eksperimen pengembangan tes kreativitas dan tahap pembelajaran HK. Responden penelitian adalah 60 siswa. Tes kreativitas dikembangkan dari Test of Torrance Creative Thinking atau (TTCT. Keefektifan pengembangan model pengukuran kreativitas dianalisis dengan persamaan struktural atau Lisrel. Peningkatan kreativitas siswa dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian sebagai berikut: model yang digunakan efektif; penggunaan model pengukuran dapat meningkatkan kelancaran siswa dalam membuat pertanyaan, menebak sebab -akibat dari peristiwa, mengembangkan manfaat suatu benda, dan menggunakan sesuatu dengan cara yang luar biasa; pembelajaran HK dapat meningkatkan kemampuan siswa dqlqm membuat kategori menebak sebab - akibat dari peristiwa dan meningkatkan kemampuan kerja sama, keaktifan, kemampuan mengerjakan tugas; dan meningkatkan kemampuan guru dalam membangun hubungan dengan sesama guru dan hubungan dengan siswa. Kata kunci: kreativitas, model tes kreativitas, pembelajaran hemisphere kanan.

  9. Sea Ice Outlook for September 2017 July Report - NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullather, Richard I.; Borovikov, Anna Y.; Hackert, Eric C.; Kovach, Robin M.; Marshak, Jelena; Molod, Andrea M.; Pawson, Steven; Suarez, Max J.; Vikhliaev, Yury V.; Zhao, Bin

    2017-01-01

    The GMAO seasonal forecast is produced from coupled model integrations that are initialized every five days, with seven additional ensemble members generated by coupled model breeding and initialized on the date closest to the beginning of the month. The main components of the AOGCM are the GEOS-5 atmospheric model, the MOM4 ocean model, and CICE sea ice model. Forecast fields were re-gridded to the passive microwave grid for averaging.

  10. Sea Ice Outlook for September 2017: June Report - NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullather, Richard I.; Borovikov, Anna Y.; Hackert, Eric C.; Kovach, Robin M.; Marshak, Jelena; Molod, Andrea M.; Pawson, Steven; Suarez, Max J.; Vikhliaev, Yury V.; Zhao, Bin

    2017-01-01

    The GMAO seasonal forecast is produced from coupled model integrations that are initialized every five days, with seven additional ensemble members generated by coupled model breeding and initialized on the date closest to the beginning of the month. The main components of the AOGCM are the GEOS-5 atmospheric model, the MOM4 ocean model, and CICE sea ice model. Forecast fields were re-gridded to the passive microwave grid for averaging.

  11. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGIK GURU IPA BERBASIS PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM MELALUI ALAT PERAGA IPA KONTEKSTUAL DI MI KECAMATAN NGABLAK, MAGELANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budiono Saputro

    2015-09-01

    training management model contextual equipment science with the use of the natural surroundings as His grace revealed to man. Increased the ability of science teachers can be seen from the results of the pre-posttest through paired t test significance 0.000 < 0.05, the observation capabilities of teachers used contextual equipment science for science teacher based of Islamic education in the post-training schools was competent results.

  12. PELATIHAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MULTIMEDIA DENGAN POWERPOINT DAN WONDERSHARE UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN SOFT SKILLS SISWABAGI GURU SD &TK1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Setiawan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Developmentof soft skills in elementary and kindergarten students can be metthrough alearning model based Multimedia Information Communication Technology (ICT. Training development of multimedia-based instructional media and Information Communication Technology aim stop rovide skills in aking mediaan attractive multimedia learning in a way that isrelativel yeasy. The method applied in this activity is the method of presentation of the introduction of the software includes Microsoft Power Point and Wondershare. Demonstration of the method pengoperasionalisasian program and method of making the practice of instructional media directly by the participants in accord ance with their respective subjects with the use of these programs.

  13. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSFORMASIONAL DAN KEPUASAN KERJA TERHADAP PERILAKU KEWARGAAN ORGANISASI GURU SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI KECAMATAN KRAS KABUPATEN KEDIRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Gunawan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to found out the influence of transformational leadership and job satisfaction toward organizational citizenship behavior of the teacher in primary school Kras District of Kediri. This research used quantitative approach. The participants of the research are 159 teachers of 30 primary school Kras, District of Kediri. The data found using closed model questionnaire instrument. The data analyzed using path analyzing, with the help of SPSS PASW Statistics 18 program. The results of the research show that there is a significance influence between transformational leadership and job satisfaction toward organizational citizenship behavior of the teacher in primary school Kras, District of Kediri. The transformational leadership contributes 15.1% while the job satisfaction contribution is 20.4%. Other variables beyond this research contribute 64.5%.

  14. Software Engineering Tools for Scientific Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrams, Marc; Saboo, Pallabi; Sonsini, Mike

    2013-01-01

    Software tools were constructed to address issues the NASA Fortran development community faces, and they were tested on real models currently in use at NASA. These proof-of-concept tools address the High-End Computing Program and the Modeling, Analysis, and Prediction Program. Two examples are the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric model in Cell Fortran on the Cell Broadband Engine, and the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) coupled atmosphere- ocean model called ModelE, written in fixed format Fortran.

  15. MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM MENINGKATKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN (SMK NEGERI 2 SINABANG KABUPATEN SIMEULUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taswir Taswir

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master managerial is one things must be conducted systematically and continuously in order to improve the competence and the skill in carrying out the duty to reach the national education goal. The purpose of this study is to describe the school head master managerial at state vocational school SMK 2 Sinabang. This study uses descriptive qualitative approach, and the data collection techniques were observations, interviews, and documentations. The subjects of the research were: school head master, school administration chairman, and the deputy of the school head master. The results shows (1 the school head master’s ability in developing planning programs is formulated by school head master which was started at new school year academic such as supervising, assessing the teacher’s performance, involving the teachers on the trainings, giving extra tasks for some teachers such as vice school headmaster, department chairman, lab chairman, supervisors, and librarian, teachers for training, distribution of additional duties for teachers as a representative example principal, head of department, head of the laboratory, supervisor, and manager of the library; (2 the strategies undertaken by the school head master in teacher performance implementation were: guiding teachers in arranging lesson plan, applying teaching model variation, giving motivation, engaging teachers in some training activities and refreshment courses, and giving the opportunities to the teachers to pursue their study, activating MGMPs activity and KKG forum at school; (3 The impact of the coaching process being carried out by the school head master to improve the teacher performance, will be seen from the teacher changing attitude to be better, namely, the ability of the teacher in setting the plan, implement, and evaluate the teaching–learning process; (4 the constraints being faced in improving the professional capability of teachers among others are: funding

  16. SIKAP GURU TERHADAP PENERAPAN PROGRAM INKLUSIF DITINJAU DARI ASPEK GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Triwulandari

    2015-11-01

    TEACHER’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSIVE EDUCATION VIEWED FROM TEACHER AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT Abstract This study aimed: (1 description of teacher’s attitude towards inclusive education in their school and (2 the relation between teacher attitudes and teacher’s and environmental aspect. This study utilized quantitative and qualitative approach. The quantitative approach used a questionnaire to gain a descriptive and correlation data. The qualitative approach will provide a depth exploration of teacher’s and environmental aspect of teachers’ attitude with a semi-structured interview. This study revealed that there are teachers who still held a negative atittudes. This study also revealed a positive correlation between teacher’s attitude and several aspects, like social political view, teacher’s belief, the role of principal and parents, and resources. The qualitative data show that there are diverse opinion in resources, belief, and the role of parents. But there is relatively similar answer in social political view, principal role, and the urge to get a professional development or training. Keywords: teacher’s attitude, inclusive education, child with special needs

  17. Pembinaan Guru di Daerah Terpencil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Subandrijo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of teachers in isolated remote areas is very important in empowering local human resources. Human character building was partly related to teacher's performance. The teacher's performance in conducting their responsibility depends on the quality of their social-economic conditions. To improve their spirit on daily educational activities, they should be treated by a special management. It means that there must be an equilibrium between career and economic-life and between their right and their responsibility. To implement this concept, all of related institutions should be involved in planning, implementing, and evaluating phases. These institutions are local community, universities, schools, and other institutions belonging to local governments

  18. MENINGKATKAN PROFESIONALISME GURU AGAMA HINDU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Nyoman Sri Widiasih

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to provide a correct understanding of the importance of quality and professionalism of Hindu religious teachers in education. A teacher of religion, especially Hindu religious teachers is not just a job assigned to transfer knowledge but also served to instill the values of the teachings of Hinduism to the learners. Hindu religious teachers are professional positions, hence a teacher demanded to carry out their duties professionally. The professionalism of a teacher can be seen from how to run any of the duties is always productive, innovative, efficient and effective and independentTo be a Hindu religious teacher who is able to carry out their duties in a professional manner, the necessary efforts both from its own consciousness and on the government's efforts. In an effort to become a Hindu religious teachers qualified and professional, then a Hindu religious teachers is not enough to just rely on what the government has programmed as with training, workshops, competition research, as well as awards in the form of allowance teacher certification, and seminars, but a Hindu religious teachers are required to understand the teachings of Hinduism as a whole and want to fill themselves with the knowledge and responsiveness to changing times and technological advances. Thus, the material being taught will always correspond with the times and the material can be innovative, efficient and effective in their delivery in the classroom.Finally the success of a teacher of religion in their profession will appear on the character and attitude of the learners who become responsible, religious and good behavior.

  19. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TUTOR SEBAYA PADA MATA PELAJARAN SOSIOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ningrum Pusporini Anggorowati

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pelaksanaannya model pembelajaran tutor sebaya (peer teaching di SMAN I Brebes. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah guru sosiologi kelas XI IPS 1 dan siswa kelas XI IPS 1. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peer teaching memerlukan persiapan yang matang, dan setiap tahap pelaksanaan hendaknya dievaluasi untuk mendapatkan hasil yang baik. Faktor pendukung dalam pelaksanaan model pembelajaran tutor sebaya antara lain yaitu adanya interaksi antara guru dengan siswa, minat belajar siswa cukup tinggi, guru dan siswa lebih akrab dalam kegiatan pembelajaran, keterlibatan tutor sebaya dalam kelompok belajar membuat suasana pembelajaran lebih menarik, sedangkan faktor penghambatnya antara lain yaitu kurangnya persiapan dari para tutor, sarana dan prasarana kurang memadai, kegiatan pembelajaran kurang kondusif, dan sumber belajar kurang memadai. The objective of this study is to examine the implementation of peer tutoring learning model (peer teaching in SMAN I Brebes. Subjects in this study were teachers sociology class XI IPS 1 and class XI IPS 1. Results show that the implementation of peer teaching requires preparation, and each stage of the implementation should be evaluated to obtain good results. Factors supporting the implementation of peer tutoring learning model, among others, the interaction between teachers and students, and also student interest is high; teachers and students are more familiar in learning activities, and peer tutor involvement in the study group to make the learning environment more attractive. The inhibiting factor of peer teaching strategy include among others the lack of preparation of the tutors, inadequate infrastructure, lack of conducive learning activities, and learning resources are inadequate.

  20. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR DIGITAL BERLANDASKAN MODEL GUIDED-PROJECT BASED LEARNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ighfir Rijal Taufiqy

    2016-04-01

    Hasil observasi menunjukkan SMK Negeri 1 Beji Pasuruan sudah menggunakan bahan ajar digital dan project based learning dalam pembelajaran. Tujuan pengembangan menghasilkan bahan ajar digital pada mata pelajaran Teknik Pengambilan Gambar Bergerak berlandaskan model Guided-Project Based Learning di SMK Negeri 1 Beji Pasuruan. Model penelitian dan pengembangan mengadaptasi model Dick & Carey yang dimodifikasi dengan menghilangkan evaluasi formatif. Subjek uji coba ahli materi, ahli media, guru, siswa kelas XII. Rata-rata kelayakan sebesar 89,5% dan pencapaian post-test sebesar 81,77. Saran pengembangan lebih lanjut dengan menambahkan empat proyek sehingga menjadi satu keutuhan bahan ajar dalam periode satu tahun dan perlu uji efektivitas.

  1. Knowledge Management Model on Educational Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsina Ferdinandus

    2015-12-01

    Key Words: model, knowledge management, educational organizations Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan proses knowledge management yang dilakukan pada SMA Negeri 1 Pulau-pulau Aru dan SMA Yos Sudarso Dobo di Kabupaten Kepulauan Aru. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi kasus. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik observasi, wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi kemudian dianalisis dengan teknik analisis data kasus individu dan analisis data lintas kasus. Temuan penelitian ini menggambarkan (1 guru-guru sudah melakukan transformasi pengetahuan explicit to tacit dengan baik ketika melakukan persiapan pembelajaran, transformasi pengetahuan tacit to explicit belum dilakukan dengan baik, dan transformasi pengetahuan tacit to tacit sudah dilakukan dengan baik; (2  sosialisasi dilakukan dengan baik, namun belum maksimal; (3  kepala sekolah SMA Negeri 1 Pulau-pulau Aru lebih demokratis dan kepala sekolah SMA Yos Sudarso Dobo lebih paternalistis; (4 peningkatan berupa upaya memasukan pengetahuan dari luar sekolah sudah dilakukan oleh kedua sekolah; dan (5  proses knowledge capture di kedua sekolah sudah berjalan dengan baik. Kata kunci: model, knowledge management, organisasi pendidikan

  2. PENINGKATAN AKTIVITAS DAN HASIL BELAJAR TERBENTUKNYA HARGA PASAR DENGAN PENERAPAN MODEL CORE PADA SISWA KELAS VIII SMP N 2 UNGARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lala Sakuntala

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang muncul dalam pembelajaran di SMP N 2 Ungaran berawal dari penggunan metode dan model pembelajaran yang digunakan guru pada saat pembelajaran. Dalam pembalajaran guru cenderung masih menggunakan ceramah, sehingga menyebabkan kurangnya interaksi dan motivasi siswa pada saat pembelajaran berlangsung. Berdasarkan hasil observasi awal di SMP N 2 Ungaran, diperoleh data bahwa 53,12% siswa belum tuntas dalam pembelajaran materi harga keseimbangan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui apakah ada peningkatan menggunakan model pembelajaran CORE terhadap aktivitas dan hasil belajar pokok bahasan pembentukan harga pasar siswa kelas VIII di SMP Negeri 2 Ungaran. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIII D SMP N 2 Ungaran dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran CORE. Rancangan penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas yang terdiri dari dua siklus, setiap siklus meliputi perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Hasil penelitian siklus I menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 74,2 dengan ketuntasn klasikal 72%. Untuk hasil penelitian siklus II menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 78.9 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 88%. Hasil aktivitas siswa dan guru meningkat dengan diterapkannya model pembelajaran CORE. Terlihat pada hasil aktivitas siswa siklus I sebesar 70% meningkat menjadi 87.5% pad siklus II. Sedangkan aktivitas guru pada siklus II sebesar 75% meningkat menjadi 95% pada siklus II. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa terjadi peningkatan aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran CORE pada materi harga keseimbangan. Saran yang berkaitan dengan hasil penelitian adalah perlu adanya kesiapan guru sebelum memulai pelajaran, guru hendaknya mampu menguasai kelas dengan baik, dan memilih metode yang tepat untuk diterapkan dalam proses belajar mengajar. The problems that arise in learning in SMP 2 Ungaran originated from the use of learning

  3. PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR MEMILIH MEDIA KOMUNIKASI MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE STAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasanah Zumrotun

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil observasi di SMK Hidayah Semarang diketahui bahwa siswa di kelas XI AP 1 kurang aktif, malas, dan saling mengelompokan diri, di sisi lain guru lebih banyak mengajar dengan cara ceramah dan kurang memotivasi siswa. Akibatnya banyak siswa yang belum paham terhadap materi dan hasil belajarnya belum mencapai KKM. Kondisi tersebut perlu diperbaiki, salah satu alteratif yang dapat digunakan yaitu dengan penerapan model pembelajaran tipe Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan dua siklus. Hasil penelitian siklus I menunjukkan �rata-rata keaktifan siswa sebesar 64%, kinerja guru dalam menyampaikan materi sebesar 70%, dan nilai rata-rata siswa 72. Selanjutnya pada siklus II diperoleh hasil rata-rata keaktifan siswa sebesar 70%, kinerja guru dalam menyampaikan materi sebesar 70%, dan nilai rata-rata siswa yaitu 78. Based on the observation in SMK Hidayah Semarang, it shows that XI grade students of AP 1 were less active, lazy, and making gangs, another side teacher use conventional method and lacking motivation for students. Consequently students do not understand the subject and �achievements which has not passed on KKM. These condition need to be repaired, one of the alternative is by applying Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD. This classroom action research was conducted in two cycles. Cycle I shows that average activity of student is 64%, performance of teacher in presenting the lesson is 70%, and student average value is 72. Cycle II show that average activity of student is 70%, performance of teacher in presenting the lesson is 70%, and student average value is 78.

  4. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL LINGKAR SASTRA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN APRESIASI CERITA PENDEK BERMUATAN NILAI-NILAI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PESERTA DIDIK SMP/ MTs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erni Hidayati

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Keterampilan mengapresiasi cerita pendek sangat penting dikuasai oleh peserta didik. Kenyataannya keterampilan ini belum dikuasai secara maksimal. Oleh karena itu, perlu dikembangkan sebuah model pembelajaran apresiasi cerpen. Penelitian ini bertujuan memaparkan karakteristik model pembelajaran sesuai kebutuhan guru dan peserta didik, prinsip-prinsip model, prototipe, dan keefektifan model. Pengembangan model dilakukan dengan Research and Development , Borg dan Gall. Secara hirarkis dari analisis kurikulum, teoretis, kebutuhan guru dan peserta didik, mengembangkan prototipe, uji ahli, revisi prototipe, uji coba terbatas, dan penyusunan model. Pengumpulan data dengan angket, lembar pengamatan, dan lembar penilaian. Pengembangan model menghasilkan: (1 karakteristik model lingkar sastra menurut guru dan peserta didik; (2 prinsip-prinsip model (3 propotipe model;(4 keefektifan model dengan diujicobakan pada peserta didik kelas IX B SMP Kesatrian 2 Semarang. Hasilnya mampu meningkatkan hasil belajar apresiasi cerpen dari rata-rata nilai tes awal 60,63 menjadi 77,19 dan pencapaian KKM dari 40,63% menjadi 93,75%. Dampak pengiring karakter jujur, menghargai prestasi, gemar menyimak, dan komunikatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini disimpulkan  bahwa model ini dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar mengapresiasi cerpen.Skills are very important to appreciate short stories dominated by learners. In fact these skills have not been mastered to the fullest. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an appreciation of the learning model of short stories. This study aims to describe the characteristics of the learning model according to the needs of teachers and learners, the principles of the model, the prototype, and the effectiveness of the model. Model development is done by the Research and Development, Borg and Gall. Hierarchically from the curriculum analysis, theoretical, needs of teachers and learners, developing prototypes, testing experts, the revised

  5. Effect of School Community Empowerment Model towards Handwashing Implementation among Elementary School Students in Dayeuhkolot Subdistrict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetti Solehati

    2017-02-01

    Perilaku mencuci tangan dengan sabun di Indonesia masih menjadi masalah. Penyebabnya dikaitkan dengan kurangnya kesadaran dalam mencuci tangan pakai sabun. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah terhadap penerapan mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Dayeuhkolot, Kabupaten Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasi eksperimental dengan pretest dan posttest serta melakukan analisis deskriptif dan inferensial. Sampel terdiri dari 24 guru, 377 siswa di kelas 4-6, dan 24 dokter kecil. Metode pendekatan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan usaha kesehatan sekolah terpadu (gabungan model fit for school dan UKS terpilih, yang terdiri dari enam tahap. Instrumen terdiri dari kuesioner pengetahuan, lembar observasi, dan lembar checklist. Cuci tangan pakai sabun dievaluasi selama tiga bulan. Hasil menemukan bahwa terdapat skor meningkat dalam kategori baik untuk keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun guru dari 12,5% menjadi 100%, skor dokter kecil dalam kategori baik meningkat pada keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun dari 0% sampai 100%, keterampilan dari cuci tangan pakai sabun pada siswa meningkat dalam kategori baik dari 0% menjadi 87,5%. Pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah memengaruhi perilaku mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa SD.

  6. PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONALISME GURU PAI DI ACEH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulfikar Ali Butho

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Development of Professionalism Competence of Islamic Education Teachers in Aceh. The development in Islamic Education Teachers Lhokseumawe City area, against the background by the competence of teachers of Islamic education suffered a setback of several indicators of professionalism. The findings based on qualitative data collection techniques are described through descriptive analysis reveals that the development of professional competencies of teachers in Lhokseumawe city has not shown significant growth. Efforts to develop professional competence of teachers are done through independent study, individual training, discussions and meetings of the board of teachers, strengthening through teachers’ group work, and organizing centre for teachers’ activities at the district level. However, the whole process of the training for teachers of Islamic education became stagnant, the budget cut for improving the quality of teachers, less motiveted, and lack of mastery of information and technology.

  7. Peranan Komunikasi Guru dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Sekar Vusparatih

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Curriculum 2013 has been officially implemented in all schools in Indonesia. This curriculum has quite a fundamental change in the competencies to be achieved. These changes lead to changes in the profile of students and teachers are expected. These changes lead to conversion in the expected profile of students and teachers. Teacher, a leading role in the successful implementation of the curriculum in schools, is required to create an interactive learning environment in which students and teachers participate actively. The additional hours of study is intended to provide sufficient time for the two-way communication. However, most of the teachers are not ready to create an active space of two-way communication. In fact, the communication competency is the first competency to be achieved in the curriculum in 2013 and became an important teaching method during the learning process. Therefore, the communication ability of the teachers is very important in the success of the implementation of Curriculum 2013. Teachers must be able to communicate effectively in accordance with their role as a leader and facilitator in the classroom. Giving explanations, asking questions and listening are three effective communication techniques that should be owned by the teacher during this 2013 curriculum. If all three techniques have been mastered and can be implemented correctly then the target of Curriculum 2013 can be achieved. 

  8. GURU PROFESIONAL ADALAH KUNCI MEWUJUDKAN PENDIDIKAN BERKUALITAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nana Sepriyanti

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The keyword to achieve quality education is depend on  profesional teacher  in their fields, therefore there should be a concrete step in an effort to lift the image of the teacher  profession as an honorable profession, so that teachers can work as much as possible in building a quality education. Professional responsibility of teachers is not fragmentary, but with entirely, completely, as much as possible from upstream to downstream. All thing are not only teacher responsibility of the students or schools, but will be fully responsible to Allah SWT.

  9. Guru Clown, or Pedagogy of the Carnivalesque.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schutzman, Mady

    2002-01-01

    Describes a teacher's experience of teaching a class entitled "Testimony, Magical Realism, and the Carnivalesque" which focused on the invention of aesthetic means to counter dominant, silencing discourses of power. Explains that students were asked to select a story from their own lives and were required to tell the story in three…

  10. PROFESIONALISME GURU MENIGKATKAN CITRA DUNIA PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syahril Chaniago

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The teacher is a person who is authorized and responsible to guide and nurture students, either individually or in groups class and outside of class. Teachers as educators are professionals in charge of planning, implementing the learning process, and assess learning outcomes as well as coaching and training to students. A fact that must be accepted that the teacher is not akhi-final first-class citizens, but citizens with disabilities. It is well known, the presence of the teacher, not by design but by condition. Teacher is not a pure ideal situation but for various reasons, so it often appears related news is inappropriate teacher behavior. Perhaps this is one reason teachers do not have the character and personality of the teacher should be, certainly more dim the image of the teaching profession. Self-image as an educator would ease concerns the admissibility of properly by the environment. Personality is a dynamic organization of sitem pshikhofisik determines a unique adjustment to the environment. Personality is an inner state of a person that determines how he looks in adjusting to the environment. There are several factors that determine the development of the personality, which include: actor innate, environmental factors, and the interaction of innate and environmental. One of the life skills that teachers should have the ability to constantly develop and maintain self-image as an educator. Self-image as an educator would ease concerns the admissibility of teachers with good attendance by the environment. Furthermore, it is very influential to the trust will be given to the task of educating teachers. As an educator, teacher in daily life are required to always have the self-awareness that mandated profession. The figure of the teacher should be able to personally set an example for students and the environment. Their behavior will always be the public highlights. Keywords:

  11. Transport "guru" Augulis speaks before thinking

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Rail Baltica projekti kõrvale on Lätis kerkinud Riia-Moskva vahelise kiirema rongiliini ehitamise projekt. Euroopa Komisjoni transpordivoliniku Siim Kallase sõnul on Rail Baltica ühendus tähtsam ning Moskva liini arendamine ei saa Euroopa Liidult rahastust

  12. Hubungan Kewenangan Kepala Sekolah dengan Kinerja Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patar Rumapea

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the influence of principals legitimate power on the teachers performance. It was conducted in ten Public Senior High Schools in Manado. A stratified random sampling was employed in this study to select 140 techers. The data were collected using a questionnaire in the form of statements/questions of Likert scales. The data were then analyzed statistically by descriptive analysis and simple linear regression. The results indicated that the exertion of power by the principal to increase the teachers performance was more of legitimate power, and that the legitimate power influenced the teacherss performance. This finding can be used as a stepping stone to conduct further research on principals legitimate power.

  13. Global Assessment of Land Surface Temperature From Geostationary Satellites and Model Estimates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichle, Rolf H.; Liu, Q.; Minnis, P.; daSilva, A. M., Jr.; Palikonda, R.; Yost, C. R.

    2012-01-01

    Land surface (or 'skin') temperature (LST) lies at the heart of the surface energy balance and is a key variable in weather and climate models. In this research we compare two global and independent data sets: (i) LST retrievals from five geostationary satellites generated at the NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) and (ii) LST estimates from the quasi-operational NASA GEOS-5 global modeling and assimilation system. The objective is to thoroughly understand both data sets and their systematic differences in preparation for the assimilation of the LaRC LST retrievals into GEOS-5. As expected, mean differences (MD) and root-mean-square differences (RMSD) between modeled and retrieved LST vary tremendously by region and time of day. Typical (absolute) MD values range from 1-3 K in Northern Hemisphere mid-latitude regions to near 10 K in regions where modeled clouds are unrealistic, for example in north-eastern Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and southern Brazil. Typically, model estimates of LST are higher than satellite retrievals during the night and lower during the day. RMSD values range from 1-3 K during the night to 2-5 K during the day, but are larger over the 50-120 W longitude band where the LST retrievals are derived from the FY2E platform

  14. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL KOLABORASI JIGSAW ROLE PLAYING SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN BEKERJASAMA SISWA KELAS V SD PADA PELAJARAN IPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ika Ari Pratiwi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model kolaborasi jigsaw, role playing untuk meningkatkan kemampuan bekerjasama siswa yang valid, efektif dan praktis. Metode penelitian adalah penelitian dan pengembangan (R&D. Tahap uji coba pengembangan terdiri atas uji coba ahli, uji coba skala terbatas dan uji coba skala luas. Keefektifan model kolaborasi jigsaw role playing  diperoleh rata-rata 51,83 dalam kategori baik diterapkan dalam pelajaran IPS, peningkatan kemampuan bekerjasama siswa hasil N-gain = 0,56 dengan kategori sedang, peningkatan hasil belajar IPS N-gain = 0,50 dengan kategori sedang dan hasil ketuntasan klasikal pembelajaran IPS 97,14%.  Hasil respon guru dan siswa terhadap model yang digunakan adalah berkriteria baik. Model final penelitian ini menghasilkan model kolaborasi jigsaw role playing yang dikemas dalam suatu buku pedoman.

  15. Reconciling bottom-up and top-down carbon flux estimates using NASA's GEOS-Carb modeling system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, L.; Baker, D. F.; Chatterjee, A.; Collatz, G. J.; Gregg, W. W.; Kawa, S. R.; Oda, T.; Rousseaux, C. S.; Wang, J. S.; Weir, B.

    2016-12-01

    NASA's Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) began in 2010 with the goal of better understanding carbon stocks and fluxes using remote sensing observations. Models play a critical role in achieving this goal by integrating diverse observations of the carbon cycle (e.g. vegetation characteristics, ocean color, night lights, precipitation) to produce estimates of flux, which is not directly observable at a global scale. Built around NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model and data assimilation system, the GEOS-Carb system supports CMS by providing data-driven, bottom-up and top-down flux estimates and high-resolution global estimates of carbon dioxide concentration. Because all modeling components use a consistent set of meteorological forcing from GEOS-5, this system provides a unique, physically consistent view of the relationship between carbon flux and climate. We will present 1) an overview of the GEOS-Carb modeling system, products, and available web tools, 2) recent results placing 2015, a record-breaking meteorological year, in the context of the 13-year GEOS-Carb record, and 3) future directions in global modeling in support of science policy and satellite mission planning.

  16. Improving the Learning Result of the Integer Number Operation Using Card Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Musriani

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan merupakan suatu rekayasa teaching untuk mengendalikan learning untuk mencapai tujuan secara efektif dan efisien. Konsep tersebut menjadi asas bagi guru untuk senantiasa melakukan inovasi dalam proses pembelajaran, khususnya mata pelajaran matematika yang dianggap sulit oleh sebagian besar siswa. Sebagai contoh, berdasarkan hasil pretest yang dilakukan oleh penulis sebagian besar mereka salah dalam menentukan hasil operasi dari -3 + (-2 and -3 – (-2. Hasil penelitian tindakan kelas ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat peningkatan hasil belajar operasi bilangan bulat dengan menggunakan model kartu dari siklus I dengan rata – rata 7,40 menjadi 9,30 pada siklus II. Oleh itu, metode penggunaan model kartu ini bisa menjadi satu inovasi pembelajaran operasi bilangan bulat khususnya pada sekolah dasar.

  17. The description and validation of a computationally-Efficient CH4-CO-OH (ECCOHv1.01 chemistry module for 3-D model applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. F. Elshorbany

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available We present the Efficient CH4-CO-OH chemistry module (ECCOH that allows for the simulation of the methane, carbon monoxide and hydroxyl radical (CH4-CO-OH system, within a chemistry climate model, carbon cycle model, or earth system model. The computational efficiency of the module allows many multi-decadal sensitivity simulations of the CH4-CO-OH system, which primarily determines the global atmospheric oxidizing capacity. This capability is important for capturing the nonlinear feedbacks of the CH4-CO-OH system and understanding the perturbations to methane, CO and OH and the concomitant impacts on climate. We implemented the ECCOH chemistry module into the NASA GEOS-5 Atmospheric Global Circulation Model (AGCM, performed multiple sensitivity simulations of the CH4-CO-OH system over two decades, and evaluated the model output with surface and satellite datasets of methane and CO. The favorable comparison of output from the ECCOH chemistry module (as configured in the GEOS-5 AGCM with observations demonstrates the fidelity of the module for use in scientific research.

  18. PROGRAM GURU MENULIS: UPAYA PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU SEJARAH DALAM PENULISAN KARYA ILMIAH DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibnu Sodiq

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this activity is (1 Adding insight and understanding of the history teacher to many types of scientific kara; (2 Stimulate the spirit of the teacher to develop competence particularly in the field of scientific writing; (3 Stimulating new ideas and teachers in scientific writing for the purposes of education and professional development; (4 Introduce and help teachers publish scientific papers in journals ilmiah.Kegiatan training was conducted by the method of seminars and workshops. Implementation of detailed training is divided into several activities, namely: (1 Presentation on the various themes that can be developed in the writing of scientific papers; (2 Presentation of the systematic writing scientific papers and procedures writing in scientific journals; (3 A discussion of various issues related to the material presented; (4 Assignment yan manufacture of scientific work was accompanied by a team of devotion; (5 Assistance and evaluation by both parties or by the PPM Team History MGMPs Semarang.Setelah District conducted a series of training, participants know the significance kmpetensi professional development through the development of a scientific article.

  19. PERAN GANDA DAN PENGEMBANGAN KARIER GURU-GURU PEREMPUAN DI SEKOLAH MUHAMMADIYAH DI KOTA SURAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chusniatun Chusniatun

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research gender are to describe; 1 The women teachers background at Muhammadiyah school – Surakarta have no ambition to be principal and 2 the relation with doubled role as house wife and teacher. The research subject is case study of women teachers at Muhammadiyah school-Surakarta. Data collection used is: in depth interview towards premmier sources and regarded to know their attitude carrier, while data analysis used Capacities and Vulnerabilities Analysis (CVA technique. The research result showed that; 1Women teachers background at Muhammadiyah school – Surakarta have no ambition to be principals, the reasons are; a Carrier development system and principal candidates recruitment process is conducted by Dinas or foundation is not transparent; b The role as house wife spend too much times and energy. 2 The conducting of doubled role of women teachers as house wife created role conflict in her profession, thus, structural carrier development did not do in good way.

  20. PELATIHAN PENELITIAN TINDAKAN KELAS/PTK (CLASSROOM ACTION RESEARCH GURU-GURU SLB/B TABANAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SRINADI I G. A.M

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Classroom Action Research/PTK can be done as class or school problem solving. With PTK, school education obtained the practical benefit including the mistakes of concept in subject and the teacher’s difficulties on learning. The aimed of this Community service was to introduce the basic concept and the execution procedure of classroom action research for the SLB/B Tabanan teachers. This training also improved their knowledge and skill of classroom action research. Based on the pre test, from 30 teachers as the participant of the training, there was a teacher in the good category, 17 teachers in the fairly good category and 12 in the poor category. By the end of the training, the post test descriptively showed that after attending this training there were no longer teacher in the poor category, 13 teachers in the fairly good category and 17 in the good category.

  1. Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Siswa dengan Menggunakan Model Make A Match Pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika di Kelas V SDN 050687 Sawit Seberang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daitin Tarigan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Matematika materi mengubah pecahan ke bentuk persen, desimal dan sebaliknya dengan menggunakan model make a match di kelas V SD Negeri 050687 Sawit Seberang T.A 2013/2014. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK dengan alat pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah lembar observasi aktivitas guru dan siswa. Berdasarkan analisis data diperoleh hasil pada siklus I Pertemuan I skor aktivitas guru adalah 82,14 dengan kriteria baik dan aktivitas belajar dalah aktif. Tindakan dilanjutkan sampai dengan siklus ke II. Pada pertemuan II siklus II skor aktivitas guru adalah 96,42 dengan kriteria sangat baik dan aktivitas belajar klasikal adalah sangat aktif. Dari hasil tersebut dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa tindakan penelitian berhasil karena nilai indikator aktivitas belajar siswa dan jumlah siswa yang dinyatakan aktif secara klasikal telah mencapai 80%. Dengan demikian maka penggunaan model make a match dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa di kelas V SD Negeri 050687 Sawit Seberang pada mata pelajaran Matematika materi mengubah pecahan ke bentuk persen, desimal. Kata Kunci:      Model Make a Match; Aktivitas Belajar Siswa  AbstractThis reseach aim is to know the student activity on Math at topic change the fraction into percent, desimal and vice versa, using make a match model on fifth grade of SDN 050687 Sawit Seberang 2013/2014. This is a classroom action research which is used activity observrvation sheet as its instrumen of collecting data. From the analisys of data, it is got result as follows: on cycle I meet I, teacher activity score is 82,14, which was mean good, and learning activity was active. The action and then continued until second cycle. On the meet II cylce II, it was got teacher activity score is 96,42, which was mean very good, and clasical learning activity was very active. Based on the result, it was conclude

  2. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE NUMBERED HEADS TOGETHER ( NHT UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN KORESPONDENSI BAHASA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anis Luthfia Ifada

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk meningkatkan keaktifan belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Korespondensi Bahasa Indonesia kelas X AP 2 SMK Palebon Semarang dengan model NHT. Subyek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X Jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran 2 yang berjumlah 40 siswa. Penelitian tindakan ini dilaksanakan dalam 2 siklus. Kegiatan setiap siklus dalam penelitian meliputi perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi, dan refleksi. Pelaksanaan penelitian tindakan kelas menggunakan model kooperatif tipe NHT. Pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu observasi, dokumentasi, tes, dan angket. Hasil penelitian ini adalah keaktifan belajar siswa dan guru pada siklus I dan siklus II. Hasil siklus I dan siklus II menunjukkan bahwa dengan penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe NHT, keaktifan mengalami peningkatan. Peningkatan tersebut mencapai 77,5% pada siklus I dan 95% pada siklus II. Keaktifan siswa dan guru juga meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa dengan rata-rata nilai 71,63 pada siklus I dan 88,13 pada Siklus II. The objective of research is to enhance the students' learning activeness on the subjects Indonesian Correspondence grade X AP 2 SMK Palebon Semarang with NHT Model.The subject of this study is students of grade X of Office Administration Department totaling 40 students. This action research is conducted in two cycles. Each cycle in the research activities include planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. Implementation of action research using NHT type cooperative models. The collection of data used in this study is observation, documentation, testing, and questionnaires. The result of this research is students and teachers learning activeness in the first and second cycle. The results of the first and second cycle showed that the implementation of cooperative learning model NHT increased the activity. The increase was 77.5% in the first cycle and 95% in the second cycle. Students and teachers activeness improve

  3. Model Pembelajaran CTL (Contextual Teaching and Learning dalam Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa PGSD Pada MataKuliah Konsep IPS Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Susiloningsih

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Hasil belajar adalah suatu proses perubahan tingkah laku dalam pengetahuan, sikap, dan ketrampilan yang diperoleh dalam jangka waktu yang lama.Mata kuliah Konsep IPS Dasar merupakan mata kuliah yang memberikan pemahaman kepada mahasiswa PGSD tentang konsep dasar IPS sebagai landasan kajian yang bahannya bersumber dari kehidupan manusia di masyarakat, yang aspek-aspeknya meliputi social science (ilmu sosial, social studies (studi sosial, Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial (IPS. IPS merupakan pembelajaran pada tingkat sekolah yang berperan mengfungsionalkan ilmu-ilmu sosial yang bersifat teoritik dalam kehidupan nyata dalam masyarakat. Model pembelajaran CTL adalah model pembelajaran yang menuntut kreatifitas guru dalam mengaitkan subject matter dengan kehidupan nyata mahasiswa guna membantu mahasiswa untuk lebih mudah memaknai materi tersebut.

  4. Generalized model for predicting methane conversion to syngas in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    University School of Chemical Technology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University ... Linear regression analysis was performed and a generalized equation ... ceramic membrane reactors since it achieves 90% saturation in 25 hours while ...

  5. Model Pembelajaran Seni Musik melalui Lesson Study: Studi Kasus di SDN Jawilan, Serang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulianti Fitriani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini dilatar-belakangi persoalan pembelajaran seni musik di SDN Jawilan Kab. Serang. Di SD ini penyelenggaraan pendidikan seni belum memperoleh perhatian yang cukup baik dari guru. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari pembagian alokasi waktu pembelajaran dan keterlibatan guru kelas yang tidak memiliki latar belakang pendidikan seni (musik. Dampak yang muncul, rata-rata siswa belum memiliki kemandirian dalam berkreativitas dan kurang berpartisipasi aktif dalam kegiatan musik baik di sekolah maupun di luar sekolah. Untuk memperbaiki persoalan tersebut dirasa perlu meminjam Lesson Study yang di dalamnya terdapat metode, pendekatan dan strategi pembelajaran sebagai pola untuk membelajarkan seni musik agar dapat memberikan alternatif sudut pandang terhadap persoalan metode yang tepat guna dan terencana dalam pengajaran pendidikan musik di SD, termasuk paradigma membelajarkan musik secara hakiki. Hasil yang diperoleh dapat memberikan alternatif sebagai dasar pengembangan pembelajaran seni musik.   The Model of Music Learning through a Lesson Study: A Case Study in Jawilan Elementary School, Serang. The learning problems of music lessons at Jawilan Elementary School in Serang becomes the mainly source of the research background in this article. The implementation of art education in this school has not gained enough attention from teachers. It can be seen from the distribution of the allocated time of learning and the involvement of classroom teachers who do not have sufficient background in art education (music. The appearing impact shows that the average of students do not have any independence in creativity and have less-active participation in the activities of musical arts either in school or outside the school. However, solving the problem is necessary to do by using a Lesson Study as a pattern (approaches, strategies, and methods of learning to teach music that can be used as an alternative point of view in developing methods and organizing the

  6. Evaluation of the Surface Representation of the Greenland Ice Sheet in a General Circulation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullather, Richard I.; Nowicki, Sophie M. J.; Zhao, Bin; Suarez, Max J.

    2014-01-01

    Simulated surface conditions of the Goddard Earth Observing System model, version 5 (GEOS 5) atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) are examined for the contemporary Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS). A surface parameterization that explicitly models surface processes including snow compaction, meltwater percolation and refreezing, and surface albedo is found to remedy an erroneous deficit in the annual net surface energy flux and provide an adequate representation of surface mass balance (SMB) in an evaluation using simulations at two spatial resolutions. The simulated 1980-2008 GrIS SMB average is 24.7+/-4.5 cm yr(- 1) water-equivalent (w.e.) at.5 degree model grid spacing, and 18.2+/-3.3 cm yr(- 1) w.e. for 2 degree grid spacing. The spatial variability and seasonal cycle of the simulation compare favorably to recent studies using regional climate models, while results from 2 degree integrations reproduce the primary features of the SMB field. In comparison to historical glaciological observations, the coarser resolution model overestimates accumulation in the southern areas of the GrIS, while the overall SMB is underestimated. These changes relate to the sensitivity of accumulation and melt to the resolution of topography. The GEOS-5 SMB fields contrast with available corresponding atmospheric models simulations from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). It is found that only a few of the CMIP5 AGCMs examined provide significant summertime runoff, a dominant feature of the GrIS seasonal cycle. This is a condition that will need to be remedied if potential contributions to future eustatic change from polar ice sheets are to be examined with GCMs.

  7. PERBEDAAN HASIL BELAJAR EKONOMI ANTARA MODEL THINK-PAIR-SHARE DAN MODEL CONCEPT MAPPING PADA SISWA SMA 1 NGUTER SUKOHARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Mahardani

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Pemilihan model belajar yang tepat oleh guru dalam proses belajar mengajar mampu menciptakan suasana belajar yang efektif dan menyenangkan, serta dapat mempermudah siswa dalam menerima dan memahami materi yang dipelajari. Hal itu terlihat pada pencapaian hasil belajar yang berkualitas ditunjukkan dengan capaian nilai diatas standar ketuntasan. Salah satu cara yang dapat dilakukan oleh guru dalam pembelajaran adalah dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran think pair share dan concept mapping. Sampel dalam penelitian ini yaitu 72 siswa kelas X SMA I Nguter Sukoharjo. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu kuisioner, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah statistik deskriptif dengan analisis frekuensi dan uji statistik t tes. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut menunjukkan adanya perbedaan, hal ini ditunjukkan dengan uji t diperoleh t hitung = 2.31 > t tabel = 1.99 yang berada pada daerah penolakan Ho untuk α = 5% dengan dk = 36+36-2 = 70. Disimpulkan bahwa model pembelajaran concept mapping lebih baik dibanding model pembelajaran think pair share dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Selection of an appropriate model of learning by the teacher in the learning process to create an effective learning environment and fun, and can facilitate students to receive and understand the material being studied. It was seen on achieving quality learning outcomes indicated by values ​​above performance standards mastery. One way that can be done by the teacher in learning is to apply a think pair share and concept mapping learning model. The sample for this study are 72 students grade ten in SMA 1 Nguter Sukoharjo . Data collection techniques were used questionnaires, observation, and documentation. Data analysis techniques in this research were used descriptive statistical analysis of the frequency and statistical test by t test. Based on these results reveal differences, as shown by the t

  8. Assimilation of Freeze - Thaw Observations into the NASA Catchment Land Surface Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farhadi, Leila; Reichle, Rolf H.; DeLannoy, Gabrielle J. M.; Kimball, John S.

    2014-01-01

    The land surface freeze-thaw (F-T) state plays a key role in the hydrological and carbon cycles and thus affects water and energy exchanges and vegetation productivity at the land surface. In this study, we developed an F-T assimilation algorithm for the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5) modeling and assimilation framework. The algorithm includes a newly developed observation operator that diagnoses the landscape F-T state in the GEOS-5 Catchment land surface model. The F-T analysis is a rule-based approach that adjusts Catchment model state variables in response to binary F-T observations, while also considering forecast and observation errors. A regional observing system simulation experiment was conducted using synthetically generated F-T observations. The assimilation of perfect (error-free) F-T observations reduced the root-mean-square errors (RMSE) of surface temperature and soil temperature by 0.206 C and 0.061 C, respectively, when compared to model estimates (equivalent to a relative RMSE reduction of 6.7 percent and 3.1 percent, respectively). For a maximum classification error (CEmax) of 10 percent in the synthetic F-T observations, the F-T assimilation reduced the RMSE of surface temperature and soil temperature by 0.178 C and 0.036 C, respectively. For CEmax=20 percent, the F-T assimilation still reduces the RMSE of model surface temperature estimates by 0.149 C but yields no improvement over the model soil temperature estimates. The F-T assimilation scheme is being developed to exploit planned operational F-T products from the NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission.

  9. The GMAO OSSE for Weather Analysis and Prediction Using the High-Resolution GEOS-5 Nature Run

    Science.gov (United States)

    Errico, Ronald; Prive, Nikki; Da Silva Carvalho, David

    2017-01-01

    Applications of OSSEs:1. Estimate effects of proposed instruments (and their competing designs)on analysis skill by exploiting simulated environment, and 2. Evaluate present and proposed techniques for data assimilation by exploiting known truth.

  10. MODEL PENGENALAN PERMAINAN DALAM PEMBELAJARAN LOMPAT JAUH PADA SISWA KELAS ATAS SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurnia Azis Setyawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pengenalan pembelajaran lompat jauh pada siswa sekolah dasar (SD kelas atas tahun pelajaran 2013/2014 di Kecamatan Srumbung, Kabupaten Magelang. Model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan diharapkan untuk digunakan guru SD sebagai salah satu bentuk pembelajaran lompat jauh yang baik dan efektif. Penelitian pengembangan ini dilakukan dengan mengadaptasi langkah-langkah penelitian pengembangan sebagai berikut: (1 pengumpulan informasi di lapangan, (2 melakukan analisis terhadap informasi yang telah dikumpul-kan, (3 mengembangkan produk awal (draf model, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba lapangan skala kecil dan revisi, (6 uji coba lapangan skala besar dan revisi, dan (7 pembuatan produk final. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas 5 SD N Tegalrandu dan SD N Polengan, Kecamatan Srumbung yang berjumlah 31 siswa. Uji coba skala besar dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas 5 SD N Tegalrandu, SD N Polengan, SD N Pucanganom, SD N Pandanretno, SD N Soka 1 yang berjumlah 81 siswa. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu; (1 pedoman wawancara, (2 skala nilai, (3 pedoman observasi model pembelajaran, (4 pedoman observasi keefektifan model pembelajaran. Teknik analisis data yang dilakukan yaitu analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini berupa buku dan video model pengenalan dalam pembelajaran lompat jauh pada SD kelas atas. Berdasarkan penilaian ahli materi cabang olahraga atletik dan guru penjasor-kes, produk model pengenalan dalam pembelajaran lompat jauh pada SD kelas atas, sudah sesuai dan layak untuk digunakan oleh guru penjasorkes dalam mengajarkan materi lompat jauh kepada siswanya dengan nilai rata-rata 98,1%. Kata kunci: pengembangan, permainan, model pengenalan pembelajaran lompat jauh   INTRODUCTION MODELS IN LEARNING GAMES OF LONG JUMP IN UPPER CLASS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Abstract This study aims to produce introduction models of the

  11. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN AKTIF MELALUI STRATEGI ROTATING TRIO EXCHANGE UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN ANALISIS DAN AKTIVITAS BELAJAR SISWA SMA KELAS X SEMESTER II POKOK BAHASAN KALOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Arifin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pada masa sekarang masih banyak guru yang menerapkan metode ceramah dalam pembelajaran. Guru mengajar murid dengantarget kurikulum dan nilai Ujian Nasional. Kondisi tersebut mengakibatkan aktivitas belajar siswa rendah dan kemampuan berpikirsiswa tidak berkembang. Model pembelajaran aktif melalui strategi rotating trio exchange memberi kesempatan kepada siswaberpartisipasi aktif dalam pembelajaran melalui diskusi dengan seksama. Melalui kegiatan tersebut metode pembelajaran inidapat membuat siswa aktif sejak awal pembelajaran. Penelitian eksperimen ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahuipeningkatan kemampuan analisis dan aktivitas belajar siswa setelah diterapkan model pembelajaran aktif dengan strategi rotatingtrio exchange. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah observasi dan tes. Berdasarkan uji t dan uji gain dapatdisimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran aktif melalui strategi rotating trio exchange dapat meningkatkan kemampuan analisis danaktivitas belajar siswa pada pokok bahasan kalor. Nowadays, there are many teachers still applying lecture learning method. In the classroom, teacher activities to instruction thestudent with curiculum target and National Test values standart only. The lecture learning method makes student's learningactivities and anlytical thinking skill not increased. Active learning with Rotating Trio Exchange Strategy gives an opportunity forstudents to participate in the learning procces by intensif discussion. This experiment research have the goals that are to knowimproving student's learning activities and anlytical thinking skill by applied of active learning with rotating trio exchange strategy.Taking over of data in this research do by observation and test metode. Base of t test and gain test got conclusion that activelearning with rotating trio exchange strategy can be improve student's learning activities and anlytical thinking skill on the calor submaterial.Keywords: active learning; rotating trio

  12. Development of a grid-independent GEOS-Chem chemical transport model (v9-02) as an atmospheric chemistry module for Earth system models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, M. S.; Yantosca, R.; Nielsen, J. E.; Keller, C. A.; da Silva, A.; Sulprizio, M. P.; Pawson, S.; Jacob, D. J.

    2015-03-01

    The GEOS-Chem global chemical transport model (CTM), used by a large atmospheric chemistry research community, has been re-engineered to also serve as an atmospheric chemistry module for Earth system models (ESMs). This was done using an Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) interface that operates independently of the GEOS-Chem scientific code, permitting the exact same GEOS-Chem code to be used as an ESM module or as a stand-alone CTM. In this manner, the continual stream of updates contributed by the CTM user community is automatically passed on to the ESM module, which remains state of science and referenced to the latest version of the standard GEOS-Chem CTM. A major step in this re-engineering was to make GEOS-Chem grid independent, i.e., capable of using any geophysical grid specified at run time. GEOS-Chem data sockets were also created for communication between modules and with external ESM code. The grid-independent, ESMF-compatible GEOS-Chem is now the standard version of the GEOS-Chem CTM. It has been implemented as an atmospheric chemistry module into the NASA GEOS-5 ESM. The coupled GEOS-5-GEOS-Chem system was tested for scalability and performance with a tropospheric oxidant-aerosol simulation (120 coupled species, 66 transported tracers) using 48-240 cores and message-passing interface (MPI) distributed-memory parallelization. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the GEOS-Chem chemistry module scales efficiently for the number of cores tested, with no degradation as the number of cores increases. Although inclusion of atmospheric chemistry in ESMs is computationally expensive, the excellent scalability of the chemistry module means that the relative cost goes down with increasing number of cores in a massively parallel environment.

  13. Development of a Grid-Independent Geos-Chem Chemical Transport Model (v9-02) as an Atmospheric Chemistry Module for Earth System Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, M. S.; Yantosca, R.; Nielsen, J. E; Keller, C. A.; Da Silva, A.; Sulprizio, M. P.; Pawson, S.; Jacob, D. J.

    2015-01-01

    The GEOS-Chem global chemical transport model (CTM), used by a large atmospheric chemistry research community, has been re-engineered to also serve as an atmospheric chemistry module for Earth system models (ESMs). This was done using an Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) interface that operates independently of the GEOSChem scientific code, permitting the exact same GEOSChem code to be used as an ESM module or as a standalone CTM. In this manner, the continual stream of updates contributed by the CTM user community is automatically passed on to the ESM module, which remains state of science and referenced to the latest version of the standard GEOS-Chem CTM. A major step in this re-engineering was to make GEOS-Chem grid independent, i.e., capable of using any geophysical grid specified at run time. GEOS-Chem data sockets were also created for communication between modules and with external ESM code. The grid-independent, ESMF-compatible GEOS-Chem is now the standard version of the GEOS-Chem CTM. It has been implemented as an atmospheric chemistry module into the NASA GEOS- 5 ESM. The coupled GEOS-5-GEOS-Chem system was tested for scalability and performance with a tropospheric oxidant-aerosol simulation (120 coupled species, 66 transported tracers) using 48-240 cores and message-passing interface (MPI) distributed-memory parallelization. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the GEOS-Chem chemistry module scales efficiently for the number of cores tested, with no degradation as the number of cores increases. Although inclusion of atmospheric chemistry in ESMs is computationally expensive, the excellent scalability of the chemistry module means that the relative cost goes down with increasing number of cores in a massively parallel environment.

  14. Development of a grid-independent GEOS-chem chemical transport model as an atmospheric chemistry module for Earth System Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, M. S.; Yantosca, R.; Nielsen, J. E.; Keller, C. A.; da Silva, A.; Sulprizio, M. P.; Pawson, S.; Jacob, D. J.

    2014-11-01

    The GEOS-Chem global chemical transport model (CTM), used by a large atmospheric chemistry research community, has been re-engineered to also serve as an atmospheric chemistry module for Earth System Models (ESMs). This was done using an Earth System Modelling Framework (ESMF) interface that operates independently of the GEOS-Chem scientific code, permitting the exact same GEOS-Chem code to be used as an ESM module or as a stand-alone CTM. In this manner, the continual stream of updates contributed by the CTM user community is automatically passed on to the ESM module, which remains state-of-science and referenced to the latest version of the standard GEOS-Chem CTM. A major step in this re-engineering was to make GEOS-Chem grid-independent, i.e., capable of using any geophysical grid specified at run time. GEOS-Chem data "sockets" were also created for communication between modules and with external ESM code via the ESMF. The grid-independent, ESMF-compatible GEOS-Chem is now the standard version of the GEOS-Chem CTM. It has been implemented as an atmospheric chemistry module into the NASA GEOS-5 ESM. The coupled GEOS-5/GEOS-Chem system was tested for scalability and performance with a tropospheric oxidant-aerosol simulation (120 coupled species, 66 transported tracers) using 48-240 cores and MPI parallelization. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the GEOS-Chem chemistry module scales efficiently for the number of processors tested. Although inclusion of atmospheric chemistry in ESMs is computationally expensive, the excellent scalability of the chemistry module means that the relative cost goes down with increasing number of MPI processes.

  15. MODEL KEPEMIMPINAN DAN SUASANA AKADEMIK DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH SMA DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cahyo Budi Utomo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study develop a model of leadership and academic atmosphere in high school history teaching in the city of Semarang. The data obtained from field studies using a Likert scale questionnaire that was developed from theoretical constructs and indicators. Data analysis conducted by the SmartPLS program. Modeling results indicate that some of the constructs of transformational leadership has not developed fully understood by the teacher of history, especially in the construct of simplification, facilitation, and commitment. Furthermore, an alternative model was developed to see another positive trend in order to find a better model fit. The results of the analysis of alternative models tested had a composite reliability values ​​greater than 0.80 (T count > 1.99 at 0.05 significance level so that it can be concluded that the model has good reliability. In contrast, the contribution of aspects of leadership to the academic atmosphere is relatively small and likely not significant due to poor understanding of the respondents so that should be given training for teachers related to this aspect of transformational leadership.Keywords: leadership, transformational, academic atmosphere, teaching high school historyPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model kepemimpinan dan suasana akademik dalam pembelajaran sejarah SMA di kota Semarang. Data didapatkan dari studi lapangan menggunakan angket skala Likert yang dikembangkan dari konstruk dan indikator teoretis. Analisis data menggunakan program SmartPLS. Hasil pemodelan menunjukkan beberapa konstruk yang dikembangkan dari kepemimpinan transformasional belum dipahami sepenuhnya oleh guru sejarah, utamanya pada konstruk simplifikasi, fasilitasi, dan komitmen. Lebih lanjut, model alternatif dikembangkan untuk melihat kecenderungan lain yang positif dalam rangka mencari model yang lebih fit. Hasil analisis model alternatif yang diuji memiliki nilai komposit reliabilitas lebih besar

  16. Analysis of CO in the tropical troposphere using Aura satellite data and the GEOS-Chem model: insights into transport characteristics of the GEOS meteorological products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junhua Liu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available We use the GEOS-Chem chemistry-transport model (CTM to interpret the spatial and temporal variations of tropical tropospheric CO observed by the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS and the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES. In so doing, we diagnose and evaluate transport in the GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 assimilated meteorological fields that drive the model, with a particular focus on vertical mixing at the end of the dry season when convection moves over the source regions. The results indicate that over South America, deep convection in both GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 decays at too low an altitude early in the wet season, and the source of CO from isoprene in the model (MEGAN v2.1 is too large, causing a lag in the model's seasonal maximum of CO compared to MLS CO in the upper troposphere (UT. TES and MLS data reveal problems with excessive transport of CO to the eastern equatorial Pacific and lofting in the ITCZ in August and September, particularly in GEOS-4. Over southern Africa, GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 simulations match the phase of the observed CO variation from the lower troposphere (LT to the UT fairly well, although the magnitude of the seasonal maximum is underestimated considerably due to low emissions in the model. A sensitivity run with increased emissions leads to improved agreement with observed CO in the LT and middle troposphere (MT, but the amplitude of the seasonal variation is too high in the UT in GEOS-4. Difficulty in matching CO in the LT and UT implies there may be overly vigorous vertical mixing in GEOS-4 early in the wet season. Both simulations and observations show a time lag between the peak in fire emissions (July and August and in CO (September and October. We argue that it is caused by the prevailing subsidence in the LT until convection moves south in September, as well as the low sensitivity of TES data in the LT over the African Plateau. The MLS data suggest that too much CO has been transported from fires in northern Africa to the UT

  17. Evaluation of cool season precipitation event characteristics over the Northeast US in a suite of downscaled climate model hindcasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loikith, Paul C.; Waliser, Duane E.; Kim, Jinwon; Ferraro, Robert

    2017-08-01

    Cool season precipitation event characteristics are evaluated across a suite of downscaled climate models over the northeastern US. Downscaled hindcast simulations are produced by dynamically downscaling the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications version 2 (MERRA2) using the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)-Unified Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) regional climate model (RCM) and the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) global climate model. NU-WRF RCM simulations are produced at 24, 12, and 4-km horizontal resolutions using a range of spectral nudging schemes while the MERRA2 global downscaled run is provided at 12.5-km. All model runs are evaluated using four metrics designed to capture key features of precipitation events: event frequency, event intensity, even total, and event duration. Overall, the downscaling approaches result in a reasonable representation of many of the key features of precipitation events over the region, however considerable biases exist in the magnitude of each metric. Based on this evaluation there is no clear indication that higher resolution simulations result in more realistic results in general, however many small-scale features such as orographic enhancement of precipitation are only captured at higher resolutions suggesting some added value over coarser resolution. While the differences between simulations produced using nudging and no nudging are small, there is some improvement in model fidelity when nudging is introduced, especially at a cutoff wavelength of 600 km compared to 2000 km. Based on the results of this evaluation, dynamical regional downscaling using NU-WRF results in a more realistic representation of precipitation event climatology than the global downscaling of MERRA2 using GEOS-5.

  18. Pengembangan Model Penilaian Formatif Berbasis Web untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Fisika Siswa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ediyanto Ediyanto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: There are two approaches of learning assessment, called formative and summative. The formative assessment is applicable because it involves students directly during the process, may im-prove these students perceptive. The limited time in class makes this process difficult, then the de-velopment of both online and offline formative assessment, provide responsive feedback for teachers and students, is definitely needed. This research goal is to produce a model of web-based formative assessment for physics. This study used research design and development of the formative assess-ment-model. Questionnaire is used for product validation, consist of validation of textbook,  instrument of pre and post-learning quizzes and web product.The result of quantitative analysis shows that the developed product is valid without any revision. Based on qualitative data, the product revision follows comments and suggestions from expert’s validation, teachers and students. The product testing shows that the formative assessment-model may improve students’ conceptual comprehension. Key Words: formatice assessment-model, students’ conceptual comprehension of physics, web-based Abstrak: Penilaian terbagi menjadi dua macam yaitu penilaian formatif dan penilaian sumatif. Penilaian formatif tepat digunakan karena prosesnya melibatkan siswa secara langsung di dalam proses pembelajaran dan mampu meningkatkan pemahaman konsep siswa. Keterbatasan waktu di kelas menyebabkan proses ini sulit dilakukan, maka perlu dikembangkan model penilaian formatif secara online dan off-line yang dapat memberikan umpan balik yang cepat bagi siswa dan guru. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah menghasilkan model web-based penilaian formatif untuk pembelajaran fisika. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan penelitian dan pengembangan model penilaian formatif. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa angket untuk uji kelayakan produk yang meliputi validasi naskah buku, instrumen kuis prapembelajaran

  19. MODEL DAN MATERI PENDIDIKAN SEKS ANAK USIA DINI PERSPEKTIF GENDER UNTUK MENGHINDARKAN SEXUAL ABUSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Endang Jatmikowati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Kekerasan seksual yang menimpa siswa PAUD/TK Jakarta International School beberapa waktu yang lalu menyadarkan kita akan pentingnya mengembangkan materi pendidikan seks untuk anak usia dini. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menemukan model dan materi pendidikan seks anak usia dini perspektif gender. Sumber data primer penelitian adalah guru-guru TK/PAUD. Langkah penelitian meliputi identifikasi permasalahan sexual abuse anak usia dini, identifikasi kebutuhan, potensi, pendidikan seks anak usia dini perspektif gender, dan FGD workshop model dan materi pendidikan seks anak usia dini perspektif gender. Uji model dan materi oleh psikolog anak dan ahli pendidikan. Ada pun materi pokok pendidikan seks anak usia dini meliputi tema-tema: (1 Aku dan Tubuhku; (2 Aku dan Pakaianku; (3 Keluarga dan Orang di Sekitarku; dan (4 Cara Merawat dan Menjaga Tubuh. Model pembelajaran dengan menggunakan sentra bermain peran. Hasil pengembangan materi ajar divalidasi oleh pakar dengan menghasilkan nilai “Baik” untuk bahan yang menyangkut ranah kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotrik. Kata Kunci: pendidikan seks, perspektif gender, anak usia dini, sexual abuse A MODEL AND MATERIAL OF SEX EDUCATION FOR EARLY-AGED-CHILDREN OF GENDER PERSPERCTIVE TO PREVENT SEXUAL ABUSE Abstract: Sexual abuse occurring on the early-aged student of Jakarta International School made us realize on the importance of developing sex education materials for early-aged child. This study was aimed to find a model and material for sex education for early-aged children of gender perspective. The data source was the teachers of kindergartens. The steps of the study was identifying sexual abuse on the early-aged children; identifying needs, potentials, sex education of early-aged children of gender perspective; conducting FGD workshop model. The model and material were validated by involving psychologists and education experts. The findings showed that the material of sex education for earlyaged

  20. PROFESIONALISME GURU SD NEGERI SE-KECAMATAN WARUNGASEM KABUPATEN BATANG Suatu Tinjauan Aspek Persepsi Guru tentang Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah dan Motivasi Berprestasi Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setyo Nugroho

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study were: to analyze the influence of teacher perceptions of principal leadership to teacher profesionlisme, 2 to analyze the influence of achievement motivation to teacher, and 3 to analyze the influence of teacher perceptions of principal leadership and teacher achievement motivation teacher profesionlisme Elementary School District as Batang Warungasem. The quantitative approach is used in this research with population consists of all elementary school teachers as Warungasem Batang district with the status of civil servants, amounting to 190 people. The Sample are 148 people. Data collection method in this study is conducted through a questionnaire. The validity and reliability instrument have been test and that result is significant on 5%. The results showed that: 1 the teachers’ perceptions of principal leadership have a positive and significant effect to the teacher professionalism at 5%, 2 the teachers achievement motivation have a positive and significant efect to the teacher professionalism at 5% and 3 the teacher perceptions of principal leadership and teacher achievement motivation have a positive and significant effect on teacher professionalism elementary School District as Warungasem Batang at 5% significance level.

  1. Keikutsertaan Guru Dalam Pengambilan Keputusan dan Motivasi Kerja Guru Dalam Hubungannya Dengan Produktivitas Kerja Guru SMA Negeri di Kabupaten Minahasa dan Kotamadya Manado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evi E. Masengi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available There is a functional relationship between the participation in decision making as well as in work motivation and the productivity of teacher's work. This, among others, is revealed by a study conducted in Kabupaten Minahasa and Kotamadya Manado. The sample comprises 264 teachers of SMAN. Another result shows that there is no significant difference in the participation in decision making, work motivation and work productivity of male and female teachers.

  2. MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERTANYA SISWA MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH PADA POKOK BAHASAN INTI MASALAH EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rian Wijaya Putra

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi yang dilakukan oleh peneliti di kelas X3 SMA N 2 Kendal, menunjukkan bahwa kondisi pembelajaran pada mata pelajaran ekonomi belum dapat menarik minat dan keaktifan siswa. Hal ini diduga disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor. Salah satunya model pembelajaran konvensional seperti guru menerangkan materi pembelajaran dan siswa hanya mendengarkan penjelasan dari guru selanjutnya siswa diberi tugas rumah untuk dikerjakan. Hal ini membuat siswa menjadi pasif dalam proses pembelajaran. Indikator dari pasifnya siswa adalah terlihat bahwa dalam proses pembelajaran di kelas, masih banyak siswa yang enggan untuk bertanya, menjawab, maupun menanggapi pertanyaan guru. Siswa cenderung malas untuk menggali potensi diri mereka sehingga pembelajaran menjadi kurang optimal. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut perlu dilakukan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran yang menarik dan menyenangkan salah satunya yaitu dengan pembelajaran berbasis masalah. Tujuannya yaitu untuk mengetahui apakah dengan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah dapat meningkatkan kemampuan bertanya siswa kelas X3 SMA N 2 Kendal. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X3 SMA N 2 Kendal . Penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilaksanakan terdiri dari 2 siklus. Proses penelitian terdiri dari 4 langkah yaitu : 1 perencanaan, 2 pelaksanaan 3 observasi 4 refleksi. Jenis data yang diambil yaitu kemampuan bertanya siswa melalui teknik non tes yaitu mengamati aktivitas siswa selama proses pembelajaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan bertanya siswa meningkat pada setiap siklusnya, terbukti dari hasil siklus I hanya 14 siswa atau sekitar 43,75% sedangkan pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 20 siswa atau sekitar 62,50%. Hal ini berarti hasil pada siklus II sudah mencapai indikator keberhasilan karena sudah lebih dari 60% siswa memiliki kemampuan bertanya dalam pelajaran ekonomi.Dari hasil penelitian diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran berbasis

  3. Evaluating a 3-D transport model of atmospheric CO2 using ground-based, aircraft, and space-borne data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.-D. Paris

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available We evaluate the GEOS-Chem atmospheric transport model (v8-02-01 of CO2 over 2003–2006, driven by GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 meteorology from the NASA Goddard Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, using surface, aircraft and space-borne concentration measurements of CO2. We use an established ensemble Kalman Filter to estimate a posteriori biospheric+biomass burning (BS + BB and oceanic (OC CO2 fluxes from 22 geographical regions, following the TransCom-3 protocol, using boundary layer CO2 data from a subset of GLOBALVIEW surface sites. Global annual net BS + BB + OC CO2 fluxes over 2004–2006 for GEOS-4 (GEOS-5 meteorology are −4.4 ± 0.9 (−4.2 ± 0.9, −3.9 ± 0.9 (−4.5 ± 0.9, and −5.2 ± 0.9 (−4.9 ± 0.9 PgC yr−1, respectively. After taking into account anthropogenic fossil fuel and bio-fuel emissions, the global annual net CO2 emissions for 2004–2006 are estimated to be 4.0 ± 0.9 (4.2 ± 0.9, 4.8 ± 0.9 (4.2 ± 0.9, and 3.8 ± 0.9 (4.1 ± 0.9 PgC yr−1, respectively. The estimated 3-yr total net emission for GEOS-4 (GEOS-5 meteorology is equal to 12.5 (12.4 PgC, agreeing with other recent top-down estimates (12–13 PgC. The regional a posteriori fluxes are broadly consistent in the sign and magnitude of the TransCom-3 study for 1992–1996, but we find larger net sinks over northern and southern continents. We find large departures from our a priori over Europe during summer 2003, over temperate Eurasia during 2004, and over North America during 2005, reflecting an incomplete description of terrestrial carbon dynamics. We find GEOS-4 (GEOS-5 a posteriori CO2 concentrations reproduce the observed surface trend of 1.91–2.43 ppm yr−1 (parts per million per year, depending on latitude, within 0.15 ppm yr−1 (0.2 ppm yr−1 and the seasonal cycle within 0.2 ppm (0.2 ppm at all latitudes. We find the a posteriori model reproduces the aircraft vertical profile measurements of CO2 over North America and Siberia generally within 1

  4. Constraints on the Profiles of Total Water PDF in AGCMs from AIRS and a High-Resolution Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molod, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    Atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) cloud parameterizations generally include an assumption about the subgrid-scale probability distribution function (PDF) of total water and its vertical profile. In the present study, the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) monthly-mean cloud amount and relative humidity fields are used to compute a proxy for the second moment of an AGCM total water PDF called the RH01 diagnostic, which is the AIRS mean relative humidity for cloud fractions of 0.1 or less. The dependence of the second moment on horizontal grid resolution is analyzed using results from a high-resolution global model simulation.The AIRS-derived RH01 diagnostic is generally larger near the surface than aloft, indicating a narrower PDF near the surface, and varies with the type of underlying surface. High-resolution model results show that the vertical structure of profiles of the AGCM PDF second moment is unchanged as the grid resolution changes from 200 to 100 to 50 km, and that the second-moment profiles shift toward higher values with decreasing grid spacing.Several Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5), AGCM simulations were performed with several choices for the profile of the PDF second moment. The resulting cloud and relative humidity fields were shown to be quite sensitive to the prescribed profile, and the use of a profile based on the AIRS-derived proxy results in improvements relative to observational estimates. The AIRS-guided total water PDF profiles, including their dependence on underlying surface type and on horizontal resolution, have been implemented in the version of the GEOS-5 AGCM used for publicly released simulations.

  5. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS KOMPETENSI BIDANG KELISTRIKAN DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riana T. Mangesa Dyah D. Andayani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah mengembangkan model pembelajaran dan perangkat pembelajaran berbasis kompetensi terintegrasi pendidikan karakter di SMK. Penelitian ini termasuk jenis Research & Development yang mengacu tahapan Borg dan Gall (1983, yaitu yang terdiri atas analisis kebutuhan, perancangan pengembangan, validasi ahli dan revisi, uji coba, dan tahap implementasi. Data berupa data kuantitatif dan kualitatif yang diperoleh lewat angket. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah statistik deskriptif dan statistik nonparametrik, yaitu Kruskall Wallis yang penghitungannya memakai SPSS. Hasil penelitian berupa produk pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran bidang kelistrikan yang berupa modul, media, dan penilaian pencapaian kompetensi (rubrik penyekoran. Hasil pengembangan memenuhi tuntutan validitas, pencapaian kompetensi dalam proses pembelajaran yang dipergunakan secara keseluruhan tinggi, guru memberi skor penilaian melalui pencapai kompetensi sesuai kriteria dalam rubrik penyekoran terhadap ketiga aspek kompetensi, yaitu aspek kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik. Penilaian keefektifan pembelajaran secara menyeluruh menunjukkan bahwa siswa dan guru memberikan tanggapan secara aktif dan mencapai tujuan pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: pengembangan model penilaian, pembelajaran berbasis kompetensi, rubrik penye- koran, SMK DEVELOPING A COMPETENCE-BASED INSTRUCTIONAL MODEL IN THE ELECTRICAL FIELD IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS Abstract: This study was aimed to develop a competence-based instructional model integrated with character education in vocational schools. This study belonged to the Research and Development study using the stages as developed by Borg and Gall (1983: a needs analysis, developmental design, expert validation and revision, try-out, and implementation stages. The data were in the form of quantitative and qualitative data obtained through questionnaires. The data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics and non

  6. MODEL MISSOURI MATHEMATICS PROJECT TERPADU DENGAN TIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH DAN KEMANDIRIAN BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nailil Faroh

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPada kurikulum 2013 pelajaran TIK dihilangkan dan terintegrasi pada setiap matapelajaran.Ini menjadi tantangan bagi guru matematika supaya kompetensi TIK siswa tetap ditanamkan di sekolah meskipun pelajaran TIK telah dihilangkan.Skenario model MMPterpadu dengan TIK yaitu siswa diberi tugas terstrukturdengan memanfaatkan TIK pada setiap pertemuan.Tujuan penelitian ini adalahmenghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid, praktis, dan efektif. Penelitian inimerupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan menggunakan model Borg and Gall.Perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan adalah Silabus, RPP, Buku Siswa,LKS, dan TKPM.Cara pengambilan data dengan dokumen, angket, observasi,wawancara, dan tes. Pengolahan data uji efektifitas dengan uji ketuntasan, ujipengaruh, uji banding, dan uji peningkatan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan:perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan valid dengan skor rataan 4.14;perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan praktis karena respon positif  siswa83,10 % dan skor kemampuan guru mengelola kelas 4,26; pembelajaran matematikaefektif  karena rataan hasil TKPM kelas eksperimen 77,33 melebihi KKM = 70,rataan kelas ekperimen lebih tinggi daripada kelas kontrol, ada pengaruh positif kemandirian belajar dan keterampilan pemecahan masalah terhadap kemampuanpemecahan masalah sebesar 79%; serta terdapat peningkatan kemandirian,keterampilan pemecahan masalah, dan kemampuan pemecahan masalah.AbstractIn 2013 curriculum eliminated and integrated ICT lessons in each subject. It’s a challenge formathematics teachers ICT competencies that students stay in school despite the lessons instilledICT has removed.MMP Scenario models integrated with ICT that students are given structuredtasks with the use ICT at each meeting.The purpose this research to producemathematicallearningvalid, practical and effective. This research is development of  model Borg and Gall. Learning device was developed syllabus, lesson plans, Student Book, worksheets

  7. Pemberdayaan Guru Sekolah Dasar Negeri Arjosari Kabupaten Pacitan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Kurdi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Elementary School Teacher Empowerment Arjosari Pacitan. Thesis. Surakarta, Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, Graduate Program, 2013. To realize that schools have the advantage of the quality of education necessary for the management of the principal strategies in managing human resources. This study aims to describe the procurement teacher recruitment. Describe the formation and development of teachers, and describe the teacher control SDN Arjosari. This study is a qualitative, using an ethnographic approach. Place of execution of the research is on SDN Arjosari Pacitan. With sources: Head of School, teacher, chairman of the committee, and the school superintendent. The collection of data through observation, interviews and documentation. The validity of the data was tested by using triangulation. whereas for data analysis techniques using version Milles and Huberman. by means of data reduction, data and drawing conclusions and verification. The results showed that to meet the needs of teachers and kuantitati qualitatively as teacher empowerment has been done. (1 stats and implementation of teacher recruitment. (2 The development of (professionalism, career and welfare of teachers, and (3 control of teachers, good running order the expected goals.

  8. Manajemen Mutu Guru (Implementasi Undang-undang, Peraturan dan Kebijakan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Surya Atmaja

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Through ASEAN Summits 1997 – 2007, leaders of ASEAN countries have achieved the agreement to establish AEC (Asean Economic Community in the end of 2015, providing the ability to pursue the ASEAN vision 2025. By means of regional and then global free trade to come, the welfare of 660 millions people in ASEAN countries regarding those leaders. The question is what should be done by each member? In terms of free market, common quality standard comes in the first place. Consequently, terminologies such as accreditation and certification are among words which teachers pay a lot of attention. These two words are not only about quality standard they have to achieved but also result in their take home payment. This article aims to explain te rationale of “Quality Standard” as a must programme in free market era, regionally and globally.

  9. Italy Cloning Guru Says Babies on Their Way

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stephanie; Holmes; 孙海羽

    2002-01-01

    The Italian fertility expert whose avowed aim is to create the first human clone,said on Wednesday three women were pregnant with clones, but complained that thebabies would be viewed as freaks by a hostile society.

  10. Tips Menjadi Guru yang Bersinar pada Masa Depan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Said Husin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a number of simple educational ideas promoted to enhance some core competences of a Madrasah teacher which can be reached by two terms of strategies : short term and long term strategies. The short term covers five aspects. The first aspect which is defined as fundamental discusses the way how a Madrasah teacher perceives his/her teaching profession, colleagues, students, and issues on education. Having able to rethink these domains will lead him or her know his or her positive and negative sides. Such understanding of both sides should force him/her to have a strong commitment to enrich the positive side, on one hand, and to diminish the negative one, on the other hand. Then, a Madrasah teacher needs to reflect this commitment in his or her individual competence to carry on learning and improving his or her technical capacity in instruction. This may be one of the corner stones to develop himself or herself to be able to implement the assignment responsibly. The capacity as a professional teacher may also bring him or her to be well-informed figure whom people around him or her will become to be enlightened. Next, this professional teacher should not also set up in one or more comfort zones, such as typical system and culture of organization, which make him or her enjoy the life as it is, he or she is required to open his or her mind to look for new, more and other challenging comfort zones in accordance with his or her future career. After that, he or she should consider and internalize wisely ethical values which are called as Islamic professional ethics as his or her spirit to carry out his or her job. Finally, this distinguished post should listen to his or her deepest voice of heart as well. These voices are about to put as his or her inspiring component to be acted as effective as possible. The long term strategy, however, merely emphasizes on one single aspect, that is the importance of educational and training services. Once a madrasah teacher has a paralleled background of study he or she may already have one valuable point. His or her other capacity will be easily explored and served through a series of appropriate trainings. The trainings are academically considered to be an additional mean for his or her outshined career.

  11. PENGEMBANGAN ASESMEN METAKOGNISI CALON GURU IPA MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggun Zuhaida

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop a metacognition assessment for students of IPA teacher candidates through problem-based learning. Subjects tested in this study were 30 students in the Department Tadris IPA IAIN Salatiga using one group pretest-posttest design. Assessment isdeveloped based on metacognition indicators including an essay test assessment, performance assessment, assessment of attitudes and self assessment. The result of essay test indicates an increase in the ability of metacognition in general by the N-gain of 0.5 (medium category where as performances and attitudes assessment lie in the good and excellent categories, while the self-assessment shows improvement results with N-gain of 0:45 (medium category. Overall, problem-based learning enhances the skills of metacognition that is "evaluation" on students of IPA teacher candidates.

  12. PROFESIONALISME GURU DAN PENINGKATAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN DI ERA OTONOMI DAERAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr Ahmadireja

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to achieve high quality in the field of education, the role of the teacher is very important and is very major. For that, the professionalism of the teacher should be enforced by way of the fulfillment of the terms of competencies that must be mastered by every teacher, both in the field of material science expertise and mastery of the methodology. Teachers should be responsible for their duties and must develop friendship with fellow teachers through participation and organization of teacher professional development. To achieve conditions that professional teachers, the teachers have to make quality orientation and professionalism of teachers as their work ethic and make it as a cornerstone of orientation behavior in the duties of his profession. Therefore, the code of ethics of the teaching profession must be upheld. During its development, it was realized that the teaching profession is not in an ideal position as expected, but should continue to strive towards the best. At the time of implementation of regional autonomy and decentralization of education along with the growth and development of information technology is very rapid, it is understood that many of the challenges and opportunities that must be overcome to be completed by the teacher education providers and institutions.

  13. PROBLEMATIKA GURU DAN DOSEN DALAM SISTEM PENDIDIKAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahur Rohman

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights educator problem in education system in Indonesia. The discussion focuses on general education and religious education. Educators of non-religious education are product of education and institute of teacher training and education (IKIP which teach general science, meanwhile educators of religious education are product of Islamic Higher Education (PTKI which teach religious knowledge. This study aims to analyze books, rules, researches, and news about teacher. To sum up, the educator problems include: poor quality teacher and low teacher salaries that are caused by some factors, government policy that is not implemented well, teacher training institution (LPTK that are not able to produce a professional teacher حاولت هذه المقالة دراسة مشاكل المربّين في ضوء النظام التربوي الإندونيسي. ورُكّزت الدراسة في التربية العامة والتربية الدينية. كان المعلّم في التربية العامة خرّيج المعهد العالي للمعلّمين والعلوم التربوية  IKIP  ثمّ تغيّر كثير منها إلى الجامعات التي تدرّس العلوم التجريبية والكونية . أما معلموا العلوم الدينية فخِرّيجوا الجامعات الإسلامية التي تدرّس العلوم الإسلامية. كُتبت هذه الدراسة عن طريق تحليل الكتب، والقوانين، والبحوث العلمية، والأخبار عن المعلّمين. استخلصت الدراسة النتائج التالية : نوعية المدرسين ورفاهية حياتهم ضعيفتان. وهذه نتيجة من أن قرارات الحكومة التي لم تطبّق جيدا، والمؤسسات التربوية العالية  LPTK لم تكن فعّالة في انتاج المعلّمين

  14. TINDAK TUTUR DIREKTIF GURU DALAM WACANA INTERAKSI KELAS ANAK TUNARUNGU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardianto Ardianto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe forms, functions, and strategies of the teacher’s directive speech acts in the discourse of deaf children’s classroom interaction. It employed the qualitative approach. The data were naturalistic in nature, collected from communication occurring in classroom interaction. The findings are as follows. First, the forms include declarative, interrogative, and imperative ones. Second, the functions comprise commands, requests, prohibitions, permissions, suggestions, expectations, invitations, warnings, and elicitations. Third, the strategies consist of direct and indirect ones. The realization of the forms, functions, and strategies of the teacher’s directive speech acts is based on a variety of contexts underlying classroom conversation discourse.

  15. PROBLEMATIKA GURU PAI REALITA DAN IDEALITA SEBAGAI AKUNTABILITAS SOSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukarno L Hasyim

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Problematic Islamic Education Teachers (PAI is a gap / difference between desired in the implementation of the learning process carried out by the Islamic Education Teachers, so the results are not in accordance with the desired objectives and the problem either comes from the teacher and of the learning process of school. While the reality and idealita as social accountability is a fact and a desire to be possessed by an ideal teacher. The ideal teacher according to the guidance of Islamic law is behaving imitate the Prophet Muhammad. Meanwhile, according to the legal provisions of the country is having the competence standards as mandated by the PP. No. 19 of 2005 on National Education Standards. In addition, as the responsibility of a teacher as a public official, the teacher is the servant of the state and public servant. Key Words: Teacher PAI Problems, Reality and idealita, Social Accountability.

  16. REVITALISASI KINERJA GURU PAI DALAM BIDANG EKSTRAKURIKULER DI ERA GLOBALISASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Mahkmudah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned  the whole circle. Seeing the reality demands of modern times, that in an increasingly complex world of education requires improvement in the arrangement and to organize the necessary personal intelegent capable and responsive.Teacher performance is always in the spotlight because of the challenges facing increasingly complex. With the background of this problem, researchers interested in assessing and dig deeper into how the figure of a teacher, especially PAI teacher performance. The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned the whole circle. Due to the problems experienced by the Islamic religious education teachers or educational institutions today increasinglyconverging.The problems that are studied include: a the process of teaching and learning in class b Extracurricular activities c Creation of a religious atmosphere in the school environment. The problem is interesting to study the researcher perspective, as any good instituted in school / madrasah. A teacher in the eyes of the public in the code of ethics of teachers, or in view of religion is a complicated problem that is not discussed much less exhausted in this globalization era.   Key Words  : Revitalisation, Performance, Religion Teacher, Globalization.

  17. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN MUTU SUMBERDAYA GURU MISS PUTRI SUKOREJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Abdullah

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The success in the development of national education sector needs to be supported by the various components and elements that exist in the education system. One of the most important elements in the education system is the availability of qualified human resources. Organizationally, the factor of human resources has a strategically important position in addition to other educational factors. This study, focused on the development strategy of the quality of teacher resources, using a qualitative approach. This study, focused on the development strategy of the quality of teacher resources, using a qualitative approach. The efforts and strategic steps MISS Putri Sukorejo in the development of quality resource teachers are as follows: a Making the Vision, Mission and Objectives MISS Putri Sukorejo as target quality development resource teacher, b Build teacher commitment, c Building a Discipline, d Meet the Teachers' Welfare, e Changing Mindsets teacher / positive  Character Building. Based on some analysis that we can know that the shape and development of quality resource strategy techniques MISS Putri Sukorejo teacher may be classified typology academy is a strategy used by attempting to develop "buy" and "make". Terms in this study as quality development resource teacher who performed "kaffah".

  18. Strateegiaguru Porter, klastriguru Porter, sponsorlusguru Porter. Peaaegu, et gurude guru!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Maailma juhtiva strateegiaguru, Harvard Business Schooli professori Michael Porteri seisukohtadest ja ideedest ettevõtete heategevuse, Interneti kui majandusharu ning klastrite kohta. Lisa: Michael Porter

  19. Kompetensi Guru PAI dalam Pembelajaran Berbasis Teknologi Informasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohmad Ms.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This research focuses on the problem of information technology-based teaching activities by teachers of Islamic education in the regent of Sidoarjo. The research concludes that the learning activity on the subject of Islamic education is very much conventional where teachers play the major role in acquiring knowledge, while students were not involved. The research also discovers that teachers do have good teaching qualifications given that they meet 12 out of 16 competences criterion set by the national standard authority on the subject. But they on the other hand, are weak in terms of pedagogic qualification considering that they meet only 12 to 17 out of 42 competences. The research finds that the ability and skill of the teachers in using technology such as computer, laptop, LCD and internet are among the main factors behind their competencies. Teachers of SMAN 1 in Krian, and SMKN 2 in Buduran are among those who are familiar with the information technology system. Meanwhile, the poor infrastructure and limited availability of information technology in such schools as SMAN in Tarik, SMAN 2 in Sidoarjo and Porong are the main factors that hamper the process of developing the teaching standard.

  20. Representasi Guru dalam Cerpen dan Novel Sastrawan Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nyoman Tingkat

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper discusses two novels and two short storiesby examining modern teacher’s characters by Balinese fictional authors. These four literary works are a novelin Balinese language entitled Bukit Buung Bukit Mentik (Buung and Mentik Hills by Agung Wiyat S Ardhi, a novel in Indonesian language Senja di Candi Dasa (Twilight inCandi Dasa by Aryantha Soethama, and two short stories in Balinese language Sertifikat(si (A Certificate (ion” by I Made Lewis, and Ngabdi (Serving by I Nyoman Alit Suwarbawa. By reading them in parallel way, these four works offiction are analyzed using the theory of New Historicism. It is found that the images of teacher characters in the writers mind are identical with that in real life. The teacher characters in these four stories seem to have changed from that of the traditional images of the past. Then, teachers were described as wise, knowledgeable and idealistic men. These kind of quality only are found in the Bukit Buung Bukit Menti. Where as, in Senja di Candi Dasa, Sertifikat(si and Ngabdi, such moral fibers are changing because of the increasingly glamorous lifestyle. The analysis also concludes that these fictions andfacts appear together, complementing one another. If fictions are a story and facts are history, then both appear simultaneously.

  1. Profesionalisme Guru Agama Islam: Sebuah Upaya Peningkatan Mutu melalui LPTK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nasir

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Ideal and professional profiles of teachers who are able to perform the task of teaching and education. That is to face the challenges in present and in the future . The expected professional teacher of Islamic studies (PAI are: a who has four main competencies pedagogic competence, professional, social, and personal competence , b who has expertise inIslamic studies and c a teacher of Islamic education (PAI which are not only experts in a variety of teaching methods but also an expert in applying the methods of education. Required Education and Workforce Education Institutions (LPTK professional and ideal anyway. Among the traits LPTKs question is : a has a professional lecturer in the field, b has a curriculum that distinguishes between prospective teachers of religion in general secondary school ( high school and prospective teachers in certain subject areas Madrasah. c provide lecture material is not merely theoretical but balanced with practical lectures, d providing training and skills to prospective teachers in terms of how the process of development, implementation and evaluation of curriculum. e provide expertise with the methods of teaching and educational methods in a balanced manner. f should be able to produce the prospective teachers of Islamic Education (PAI is not only an expert in the implementation of the curriculum, but also have an understanding and ability in developing and evaluating curriculum. g must can produce the future teachers of Islamic Education (PAI which has four domains as a whole, namely cognitive, affective, psychomotor and value.

  2. Vedic mathematics and the calculations of Guru Tirthaji

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hogendijk, J.P.

    2004-01-01

    This article was written as a reaction to several publications in the Netherlands on methods of mental calculation, which have been presented as “Vedic mathematics.” The adjective “Vedic” suggests that these methods date back to the ancient Vedic period before 500 BCE.1 In this article I will first

  3. Vedic mathematics and the calculations of Guru Tirthaji

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    This article was written as a reaction to several publications in the Netherlands on methods of mental calculation, which have been presented as “Vedic mathematics.” The adjective “Vedic” suggests that these methods date back to the ancient Vedic period before 500 BCE.1 In this article I will first give two examples of genuine Vedic mathematics. After a brief intermezzo on the decimal position system and decimal fractions, the so-called “Vedic” methods of mental calculation will be identified...

  4. SUPERVISI AKADEMIK UNTUK MENIGKATKAN KOMPETENSI GURU DI SD LABORATORIUM UKSW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhandi Astuti

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Identification conducted by the principle of SD Laboratory UKSW showed that the teachers were still not competent in doing learning assessment administration well. To solve these problems, the principal conducted academic supervision. The essence of the academic supervision is to help teachers develop professional capabilities. This was also done by the principle of SD Laboratory UKSW in solving problems related to the administration assessment of learning where there were some teachers in SD Laboratory UKSW not yet competent in preparing the learning assessment administration well. Supervision technique conducted by discussion. The result of supervision performed by principle of SD Laboratory UKSW showed an increasement. At the initial conditions the average level of competence of learning assessment administration preparation was 63.5 (ideal score of 100.  After given the action, the average of competence of learning assessment administration preparation was increased to 89.6. The data showed that the competence of learning assessment administration preparation has increased 26.2%.

  5. TINDAK TUTUR ILOKUSI GURU BERLATAR BELAKANG BUDAYA JAWA: PERSPEKTIF GENDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardina Kentary

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at describing the shape of illocutionary speech acts Javanese cultural background of teachers in school, describing the strategies and techniques politeness Javanese cultural background of teachers in school, describing the use of illocutionary speech acts teachers’ Javanese cultural backgrund based on gender perspective. Attention method is used by writer to collect the data by providing several techniques, namely: involved refer-free conversation techniques, recording techniques, and notes technique. The analysis of data by using a padan method. Based on the analysis of data can be retrieved 3 conclusions. First, all categories of illocutionary speech acts by Searle are found in formal activities in this study. Meanwhile, in a non-formal activity found three categories. Second, in the formal and non-formal activities, the strategy used by teachers to speak are direct strategy and indirect strategy. The technique used are literal and non literal. In addition, there is a combination between speech strategies and speech techniques. Third, based on a gender perspective, there are three things that discused in this study. (a in general, directive speech act is the dominant used in this research. The use of sub-utterances instructing, requesting, giving guidance, and advising in a formal activities are dominant by nGP than nGL. However, the sub-TTD to order the use of nGL is higher than nGP. In the non-formal activities, sub-utterances instructing is dominant used by nGL than nGP. (c teacher’s Javanese cultural background prefer to choose literal technique in their speech. (d the most dominant combination of strategies and techniques used is direct speech act strategie and literal speech act technique.

  6. EFEK LESSON STUDY TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGIK CALON GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swaditya Rizki

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research was to know difference increasing especially  ability in Plan and Do between lesson study-based learning and not(conventional learning. Furthermore, the second aim was to know the effect of lesson study toward increasing of pedagogy competency and impact of prospective teachers in teaching. The methodology of this research was using descriptive qualitative with amount of prospective teachers is 13, then the prospective teachers conducted Plan and Do respectively 3 times meeting using lesson study and conventional. The results showed that the effect was very positive where the learning process of Plan and Do using lesson study was better than conventional learning. Besides that, based on the observation and valuation showed that lesson study-based learning was better than conventional learning. The effect could also influence for students and prospective teacher positively

  7. PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU BAHASA ARAB MELALUI IMLA SEBAGAI ORGANISASI PROFESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Muradi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explain the role of IMLA in developing Arabic teacher competences. Indeed a teacher is a precious profession, carrying valuable tasks to educate and build character of the nation. Teacher is a precious profession to create a good life. Therefore, teacher should develop their competences including Arabic language teacher. The intended competences in Arabic language learning are language competence, communicative competence, and cultural competence. IMLA is the abbreviation of (Ittiha>d Mudarrisi al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyyah, a organization established to build and develop Arabic teachers’ competences in Indonesia. This opportunity is given to Arabic teachers in IMLA organization to affiliate with its agendas, management, and association in local, national, and international scope. There are many information will be gained through the various agendas to develop teachers’ competence. For the example is like attending seminars, workshops, and other trainings held by the organization. IMLA organization is able to connect local teachers and lecturers to the foreign ones especially from Arabic emirate countries. DOI: 10.24865/ajas.v1i2.2

  8. PENYEBAB KECEMASAN MATEMATIKA MAHASISWA CALON GURU ASAL PAPUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberta Parinters Makur

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE An increasing number of Papuans qualified teachers realized by sending young people from Papua to continue their education in the College of Education. But the basic capabilities, especially mathematics, which owned high school students graduated from Papua that continuing education is very low. This, presumably because the students have math anxiety, thus preventing them from material master mathematics. By using a qualitative research approach, particularly the case study method, this research describes what factors are the cause of math anxiety prospective teacher students from Papua, based on the results of questionnaires and interviews that have been analyzed.

  9. Peran Tuan Guru Babussalam Pada Pilpres 2014 di Kabupaten Langkat

    OpenAIRE

    Pane, Amri Al-Affan

    2015-01-01

    Thesis, entitled " Master Teacher Babussalam’s Role in Presidential Elections 2014". This research aimed to describe the influence of local political elite in the process of election at Langkat district Southeast Sumatra Province. This research also correlate the role of master teacher and the winning presidential election’s vote of Prabowo-Hatta in Besilam Village of Langkat district in Presidential Election 2014. That’s why, researcher use design of case study and interview m...

  10. MOTIVASI INTRINSIK, MOTIVASI EKSTRINSIK, KOMPETENSI DAN KINERJA GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusra Abbas

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakThese research purposes are: (1 explore the relationship between intrinsic motivation with teacher’s performance; (2 explore the relationship between extrinsic motivation with teacher’s performance; (3 explore the relationship between teacher’s competences withteacher’s performance. Data was collected through intrinsic motivarion scale, extrinsic motivation scale, teacher’s competency scale and performance measurement. This research is quantitative research with correlational approach. This research used cluster sampling to select the sample from the population. The population of this research was 160 junior high school teachers in Ternate Utara, while the samples were 105 junior high school teachers. Research results show: (1 there was significant correlation between intrinsic motivation with teacher’s performance; (2 there was significant correlationbetween extrinsic motivation with teacher’s performance; (3 there was significant correlation between teacher’s competences with teacher’s performance.Keywords: competence, extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, teacher’s performance

  11. Strateegiaguru Porter, klastriguru Porter, sponsorlusguru Porter. Peaaegu, et gurude guru!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Maailma juhtiva strateegiaguru, Harvard Business Schooli professori Michael Porteri seisukohtadest ja ideedest ettevõtete heategevuse, Interneti kui majandusharu ning klastrite kohta. Lisa: Michael Porter

  12. REFLEKSI PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM TUGAS GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA BUDDHA MELALUI PEMBINA AGAMA (GURU TIDAK TETAP DI WONOGIRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesti Sadtyadi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the implementation of the learning is done by people who become temporary teachers Buddhist education in an effort to meet the needs of the number of teachers who have not been fulfilled, the task execution, knowing temporary teachers in carrying out his duties as a teacher of Buddhist education. This research is a mix research. The result of research, indicate that the implementation of the learning undertaken by temporary teachers of Buddhist education in an effort to meet the needs of the teacher is the optimal number, and All teachers have done their job well, with components that should receive special attention is in the use of media and or learning strategies. If the evaluation is done thoroughly in the process of learning plans then seen the incomplete learning plan performed as in the case of making worksheets, clarity sources, lack of subject content validity, and if it is seen only in the process of learning plans in particular RPP (Learning Implementation Plan, specifically on learning plan in the classroom, regardless of other aspects resulting deficiencies in the methods and learning strategies are used.

  13. KONSEP GURU PERSPEKTIF AL-ZARNUJI DAN RELEVANSINYA DENGAN UNDANG-UNDANG NO 14 TAHUN 2005 TENTANG GURU DAN DOSEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Anang Sholikhudin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The background of this research is the problems in education, including the declining image of teachers, students moral degradation, the people who always bestows nothing against teachers. Of these problems, the researchers conducted a study on the concept of the teacher in the book of al-Zarnuji “Ta'lim al-Muta'allim” and in Law No. 14 Year 2005 on Teachers and Lecturers. Moreover, it examines the relevance of the concept of teacher perspectives al-Zarnuji and Law No. 14 Year 2005. This research is a kind of literacy with book data sources “Ta'limal-Muta'allim” work of al- Zarnuji and Law No. 14 Year 2005. The analysis technique used is the comparison and content analisys, by the interpretation of the book of al-Zarnuji and Law No. 14 Year 2005 to discover the relevance of the concept of the teacher. The results showed: 1 the concept of teacher according to al- Zarnuji is a teacher must possess al-a'lim, al-awra', al-asanna, authoritative, al-hilm, as well as the patient. 2 the concept of teacher in law no. 14 of 2005 article 10, paragraph 1 states that a teacher must meet academic qualifications, competence, and teacher certification. The teacher competency is pedagogical, personal competence, social competence, and professional competence. 3 the relevance of the concept of teacher offered al-Zarnuji with in law No. 14 of 2005 that teachers must have extensive knowledge and developing, experienced, and also has a good personality or a noble character , as well as having experience and mature enough to be a teacher.

  14. Analisis Faktor Kinerja Guru dalam Aspek Kepemimpinan dan Komunikasi Kepala Sekolah serta Keterkaitannya dengan Motivasi Kerja Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdan Juwaeni

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to examine (1 the contribution level of leadership and communication of school principal on the teachers’ performance through their motivation, (2 the contribution level of principal’s leadership and communication on teachers’  work motivation, and (3 the contribution level of teachers’ work motivation on their performance. This research uses quantitative approach. Population used in this research was taken from elementary school teachers in UPT Dinas Dikpora, Jebres District, Surakarta: from the total number 762 teachers, 262 teachers were selected as the samples. The data were collected by using questionnaire. Path data analysis technique used in this research. These are the research results.(1There is no any contribution of school principal’s leadership and communication on the teachers’ performance through their motivation, with result criteria x = 0,161>(0,405 x 0,202 = 0,161 > 0,082, there is direct relationship pattern. (2 There is a positive contribution of the school principal’s leadership and communication on teachers’ work motivation; the result of >, is 23,756 > 2,639 with significant value 1,989 with p value (significance <0,05, yaitu 0,000.

  15. PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH, MOTIVASI KERJA DAN KINERJA GURU: STUDI DI SMK NEGERI 26 JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adisetia Permata

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the relationship between the perception of the Supervision Principal and Work Motivation on Teacher Performace in SMK Negeri 26 Jakarta. The sampling technique was conducted by random samplimg. The attainable population in this research were all teacher in status PNS is 67 teachers. The sample used by the tabel Isaac and Michael is 58 teachers. The simple linier regression and resulted Ŷ = 0,048X1 + 0,074X2 + 69,062. Relationship between the teacher perception of supervision principal with teacher performance, and work motivation with teacher performance are significantly positive. In simultan, relationhip between teacher perception of supervision principal, work motivation with teacher performance are significantly positively correlated. Normality test result were calculate with SPSS shows that all the variables above 0,05, inicated normally distributed. In partial test, significance t hitung teacher perception of supervision principal and work motivation size is 5,405 with significance 0,000 so, it indicated possitive significantly related between them.

  16. LEARNING CYCLE-7E MODEL TO INCREASE STUDENT’S CRITICAL THINKING ON SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartono -

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh model pembelajaran Learning Cycle-7E  yang dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa dan menuntaskan hasil belajar siswa SMPN 21 Semarang terhadap matapelajaran IPA. Penelitian PTK ini dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Siklus pertama belum menunjukkan peningkatan yang maksimum. Aktivitas bertanya kepada guru, keseriusan melaksanakan tugas, dan persiapan dalam mengikuti pelajaran masih pada kategori sedang. Ketuntasan belajar secara individual dan klasikal belum memenuhi kriteria yang ditetapkan. Oleh sebab itu, aktivitas ini menjadi fokus perbaikan pada siklus berikutnya. Hasil pada siklus ke-dua menunjukkan peningkatan yang signifikan. Kemampuan berpikir kritis telah tumbuh, aktivitas bertanya pada guru dan keseriusan dalam melaksanakan tugas meningkat pada kategori tinggi. Ketuntasan belajar klasikal sebesar 79%, melebihi kriteria keberhasilan tindakan yang ditetapkan pada penelitian ini yaitu sebesar 75%. Hal ini berarti bahwa model pembelajaran Learning Cycle-7E dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa, tanpa mengganggu hasil belajar kognitifnya. This research aimed to increase the students’ critical thinking by designing Learning Cycle- 7E which is suitable with the criteria set out in SJHS 21 Semarang. Thisclassroom action research was carried out in two cycles. In cycle-I, the students’ critical thinking was growing but not maximum, their activity during learning process was in medium category. That is why there were several aspects of students’ activity that need to be investigated. They were the students’courage to ask the teacher, their seriousness to do the assignments, and their readiness to learn as well as to prepare a question prior learning. The students’ average cognitive learning outcomes and the classical learning outcomes were not very satisfied. The result of the cycle-II showed a significant improvements. The students

  17. Accelerate Climate Models with the IBM Cell Processor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, S.; Duffy, D.; Clune, T.; Williams, S.; Suarez, M.; Halem, M.

    2008-12-01

    Ever increasing model resolutions and physical processes in climate models demand continual computing power increases. The IBM Cell processor's order-of- magnitude peak performance increase over conventional processors makes it very attractive for fulfilling this requirement. However, the Cell's characteristics: 256KB local memory per SPE and the new low-level communication mechanism, make it very challenging to port an application. We selected the solar radiation component of the NASA GEOS-5 climate model, which: (1) is representative of column physics components (~50% total computation time), (2) has a high computational load relative to data traffic to/from main memory, and (3) performs independent calculations across multiple columns. We converted the baseline code (single-precision, Fortran code) to C and ported it to an IBM BladeCenter QS20, manually SIMDizing 4 independent columns, and found that a Cell with 8 SPEs can process more than 3000 columns per second. Compared with the baseline results, the Cell is ~6.76x, ~8.91x, ~9.85x faster than a core on Intel's Xeon Woodcrest, Dempsey, and Itanium2 respectively. Our analysis shows that the Cell could also speed up the dynamics component (~25% total computation time). We believe this dramatic performance improvement makes the Cell processor very competitive, at least as an accelerator. We will report our experience in porting both the C and Fortran codes and will discuss our work in porting other climate model components.

  18. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS PERMAINAN TRADISIONAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MOTORIK KASAR ANAK TUNAGRAHITA RINGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asep Ardiyanto

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pembelajaran berbasis permainan tradisional untuk meningkatkan kemampuan motorik kasar anak tunagrahita ringan yang layak digunakan. Penelitian pengembangan ini dilakukan dengan langkah-langkah sebagai berikut: (1 pengumpulan informasi, (2 analisis hasil informasi, (3 mengembangkan produk awal, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba skala kecil, (6 revisi, (7 uji coba skala besar, (8 revisi akhir, (9 pembuatan produk final, dan (10 diseminasi dan implementasi produk final. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan terhadap 6 siswa tunagrahita ringan SLB Tunas Kasih 2 Turi. Uji coba skala besar dilakukan terhadap 12 siswa tuna-grahita ringan SLB ABCD Tunas Kasih Donoharjo. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan yaitu deskriptif kuantitatif dan deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian ini menghasilkan model pembelajaran, yaitu: (1 balap sarung, (2 lempar karet, (3 dorong ban, (4 engkling, (5 pukul balon, (6 layang-layang, (7 lompat tali, dan (8 pesawat terbang. Dari hasil analisis data penilaian para ahli materi dan guru SLB, ditarik kesimpulan bahwa pengembangan model pembelajaran ini sangat baik dan efektif. Kata kunci: pengembangan, permainan tradisional, pembelajaran motorik kasar, anak tunagrahita ringan.

  19. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN GROUP INVESTIGATION (GI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA POKOK BAHASAN MENGELOLA KOMPETENSI PERSONAL DI SMK NEGERI 1 KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nela Veristika

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Peran aktif siswa pada pembelajaran adalah hal yang penting agar hasil belajar tercapai dengan optimal. Dari data awal yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa di kelas X Pemasaran 3� ada 20 siswa (56% dari 36 siswa yang belum tuntas pada nilai menerapkan prinsip profesional kerja. �Dari hasil observasi yang dilakukan dalam pembelajaran menerapkan prinsip profesional kerja di SMK Negeri 1 Kudus hasil tersebut belum optimal karena perhatian siswa kurang, partisipasi anak kurang menyeluruh, saat pembelajaran berlangsung guru masih menggunakan model konvensional (ceramah dimana pembelajaran didominasi oleh guru sehingga siswa tidak tertarik. Hal ini menyebabkan keaktifan siswa kurang dan berdampak pada hasil belajar siswa yang rendah. Dengan adanya kondisi tersebut guru diharapkan dapat menggunakan metode pembelajaran yang tepat sehingga siswa terlibat aktif dalam proses belajar-mengajar dan tujuan pembelajaran dapat tercapai. Hasil baik pada siklus I, siklus II maupun siklus III terlihat bahwa nilai rata-rata hasil belajar kognitif siswa meningkat yaitu dari data awal yaitu sebesar 71 menjadi 74 pada siklus I, 75 pada siklus II dan 82 pada siklus III. �Sedangkan untuk ketuntasan klasikal mengalami peningkatan dari data awal sebesar 44% menjadi 59% pada siklus I, 74% pada siklus II dan 88% pada siklus III. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif Group Investigation (GI lebih efektif dibandingkan dengan model pembelajaran konvensional (ceramah. The students active role in learning process is important in order to achieve optimal learning output. From beginning data which is gotten indicate that in the X grade of Marketing 3, there were 20 students (55% of the 36 students who have failed in the value of applying the professional working principle. The results of the study of applying the professional working principle in the SMK Negeri 1 Kudus are not optimal because of

  20. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ORGANIK TERINTEGRASI DENGAN KEMAMPUAN GENERIK SAINS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Sudarmin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Learning Models of Organic Chemistry Subject Integrated with Science Generic Skills. The aim of the study is to investigate how Organic Chemistry and Generic Science Skills Teaching Model can be developed for prospective chemistry teachers. This research and development study involves 79 stu­dents of Chemistry Education Department of Sema­rang State University. The data are collected using a test of organic chemistry concepts and generic science skills, a questionnaire, and an observation sheet and then analyzed using N-gain test. The result shows that the OCGSSM teaching model improves the pro­spective chemistry teachers' generic science skills in high and medium category. The high achieving stu­dent group has better comprehension of generic skills in logical consistency, observation, abstraction, symbolic language, sense of scale, and logical frame aspects than low achieving student group. Abstrak: Model Pembelajaran Kimia Organik Terintegrasi Kemampuan Generik Sains. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model pembelajaran kimia organik terintegrasi kemampuan generik sains. Penelitian dan pengembangan melibatkan 79 mahasiswa Pendidikan Kimia Jurusan Kimia Universitas Negeri Semarang. Data dikumpulkan dengan tes penguasaan konsep kimia organik terintegrasi kemam­puan generik sains, angket, dan lembar observasi, dan dianalisis dengan uji N-gain. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa penerapan MPKOKG meningkatkan penguasaan kemampuan generik sains calon guru kimia dengan taraf pencapaian tinggi dan sedang. Mahasiswa kelompok prestasi tinggi memiliki penguasaan kemam­puan generik sains konsistensi logis, pengamatan, abstraksi, bahasa simbolik, kesadaran tentang skala serta logical frame lebih baik dibandingkan kelompok prestasi rendah.

  1. The impact of model and rainfall forcing errors on characterizing soil moisture uncertainty in land surface modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Maggioni

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The contribution of rainfall forcing errors relative to model (structural and parameter uncertainty in the prediction of soil moisture is investigated by integrating the NASA Catchment Land Surface Model (CLSM, forced with hydro-meteorological data, in the Oklahoma region. Rainfall-forcing uncertainty is introduced using a stochastic error model that generates ensemble rainfall fields from satellite rainfall products. The ensemble satellite rain fields are propagated through CLSM to produce soil moisture ensembles. Errors in CLSM are modeled with two different approaches: either by perturbing model parameters (representing model parameter uncertainty or by adding randomly generated noise (representing model structure and parameter uncertainty to the model prognostic variables. Our findings highlight that the method currently used in the NASA GEOS-5 Land Data Assimilation System to perturb CLSM variables poorly describes the uncertainty in the predicted soil moisture, even when combined with rainfall model perturbations. On the other hand, by adding model parameter perturbations to rainfall forcing perturbations, a better characterization of uncertainty in soil moisture simulations is observed. Specifically, an analysis of the rank histograms shows that the most consistent ensemble of soil moisture is obtained by combining rainfall and model parameter perturbations. When rainfall forcing and model prognostic perturbations are added, the rank histogram shows a U-shape at the domain average scale, which corresponds to a lack of variability in the forecast ensemble. The more accurate estimation of the soil moisture prediction uncertainty obtained by combining rainfall and parameter perturbations is encouraging for the application of this approach in ensemble data assimilation systems.

  2. Equivalent Sensor Radiance Generation and Remote Sensing from Model Parameters. Part 1; Equivalent Sensor Radiance Formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wind, Galina; DaSilva, Arlindo M.; Norris, Peter M.; Platnick, Steven E.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we describe a general procedure for calculating equivalent sensor radiances from variables output from a global atmospheric forecast model. In order to take proper account of the discrepancies between model resolution and sensor footprint the algorithm takes explicit account of the model subgrid variability, in particular its description of the probably density function of total water (vapor and cloud condensate.) The equivalent sensor radiances are then substituted into an operational remote sensing algorithm processing chain to produce a variety of remote sensing products that would normally be produced from actual sensor output. This output can then be used for a wide variety of purposes such as model parameter verification, remote sensing algorithm validation, testing of new retrieval methods and future sensor studies. We show a specific implementation using the GEOS-5 model, the MODIS instrument and the MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS) Data Collection 5.1 operational remote sensing cloud algorithm processing chain (including the cloud mask, cloud top properties and cloud optical and microphysical properties products.) We focus on clouds and cloud/aerosol interactions, because they are very important to model development and improvement.

  3. Background Error Covariance Estimation Using Information from a Single Model Trajectory with Application to Ocean Data Assimilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian L.; Rienecker, Michele; Kovach, Robin M.; Vernieres, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    An attractive property of ensemble data assimilation methods is that they provide flow dependent background error covariance estimates which can be used to update fields of observed variables as well as fields of unobserved model variables. Two methods to estimate background error covariances are introduced which share the above property with ensemble data assimilation methods but do not involve the integration of multiple model trajectories. Instead, all the necessary covariance information is obtained from a single model integration. The Space Adaptive Forecast error Estimation (SAFE) algorithm estimates error covariances from the spatial distribution of model variables within a single state vector. The Flow Adaptive error Statistics from a Time series (FAST) method constructs an ensemble sampled from a moving window along a model trajectory.SAFE and FAST are applied to the assimilation of Argo temperature profiles into version 4.1 of the Modular Ocean Model (MOM4.1) coupled to the GEOS-5 atmospheric model and to the CICE sea ice model. The results are validated against unassimilated Argo salinity data. They show that SAFE and FAST are competitive with the ensemble optimal interpolation (EnOI) used by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) to produce its ocean analysis. Because of their reduced cost, SAFE and FAST hold promise for high-resolution data assimilation applications.

  4. Use of Machine Learning Techniques for Iidentification of Robust Teleconnections to East African Rainfall Variability in Observations and Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, J. Brent; Robertson, Franklin R.; Funk, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Providing advance warning of East African rainfall variations is a particular focus of several groups including those participating in the Famine Early Warming Systems Network. Both seasonal and long-term model projections of climate variability are being used to examine the societal impacts of hydrometeorological variability on seasonal to interannual and longer time scales. The NASA / USAID SERVIR project, which leverages satellite and modeling-based resources for environmental decision making in developing nations, is focusing on the evaluation of both seasonal and climate model projections to develop downscaled scenarios for using in impact modeling. The utility of these projections is reliant on the ability of current models to capture the embedded relationships between East African rainfall and evolving forcing within the coupled ocean-atmosphere-land climate system. Previous studies have posited relationships between variations in El Niño, the Walker circulation, Pacific decadal variability (PDV), and anthropogenic forcing. This study applies machine learning methods (e.g. clustering, probabilistic graphical model, nonlinear PCA) to observational datasets in an attempt to expose the importance of local and remote forcing mechanisms of East African rainfall variability. The ability of the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS5) coupled model to capture the associated relationships will be evaluated using Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) simulations.

  5. The GEOS Chemistry Climate Model: Implications of Climate Feedbacks on Ozone Depletion and Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolarski, Richard S.; Pawson, Steven; Douglass, Anne R.; Newman, Paul A.; Kawa, S. Randy; Nielsen, J. Eric; Rodriquez, Jose; Strahan, Susan; Oman, Luke; Waugh, Darryn

    2008-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOS CCM) has been developed by combining the atmospheric chemistry and transport modules developed over the years at Goddard and the GEOS general circulation model, also developed at Goddard. The first version of the model was used in the CCMVal intercomparison exercises that contributed to the 2006 WMO/UNEP Ozone Assessment. The second version incorporates the updated version of the GCM (GEOS 5) and will be used for the next round of CCMVal evaluations and the 2010 Ozone Assessment. The third version, now under development, incorporates the combined stratosphere and troposphere chemistry package developed under the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI). We will show comparison to past observations that indicate that we represent the ozone trends over the past 30 years. We will also show the basic temperature, composition, and dynamical structure of the simulations. We will further show projections into the future. We will show results from an ensemble of transient and time-slice simulations, including simulations with fixed 1960 chlorine, simulations with a best guess scenario (Al), and simulations with extremely high chlorine loadings. We will discuss planned extensions of the model to include emission-based boundary conditions for both anthropogenic and biogenic compounds.

  6. Model Integrated Problem Solving Based Learning pada Perkuliahan Dasar-dasar Kimia Analitik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indarini Dwi Pursitasari

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Integrated Problem Solving Based Learning Model on Foundation of Analytical Chemistry. This study was conducted to know the effects of Integrated Problem Solving Based Learning (IPSBL model on problem solving skills and cognitive ability of pre-service teachers. The subjects of the study were 41 pre- service teachers, 21 in the experimental group and 20 in the control group. The data were collected through a test on problem solving skills, a test on cognitive ability, and a questionnaire on the students’opinions on the use of IPSBL model. The quantitative data were analyzed using t-test and one-way ANOVA, and the qualitative data were analyzed by counting the percentage. The results of the study show that the implementation of IPSBL model increased the problem solving skills and cognitive ability of the pre-service teachers . The model was also responded positively by the research subjects. Abstrak: Model Integrated Problem Solving Based learning pada Perkuliahan Dasar-dasar Kimia Analitik. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan pengaruh model Integrated Problem Solving Based Learning(IPSBL terhadap peningkatan kemampuan problem solving dan kemampuan kognitif mahasiswa calon guru. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari 21 mahasiswa kelas eksperimen dan 20 mahasiswa kelas kontrol. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan tes kemampuan problem solving, tes kemampuan kognitif, dan angket untuk menjaring pendapat mahasiswa terhadap penggunaan model IPSBL . Data kuantitatif dianalisis denga n uji- t dan Anava dengan bantuan program SPSS 16.0. Data kualitatif dihitung persentasenya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model IPSBL dapat meningkatkan kemampuan problem solving dan kemampuan kognitif serta mendapat tanggapan yang positif dari mahasiswa.

  7. Impacts of the IBM Cell Processor to Support Climate Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Shujia; Duffy, Daniel; Clune, Tom; Suarez, Max; Williams, Samuel; Halem, Milt

    2008-01-01

    NASA is interested in the performance and cost benefits for adapting its applications to the IBM Cell processor. However, its 256KB local memory per SPE and the new communication mechanism, make it very challenging to port an application. We selected the solar radiation component of the NASA GEOS-5 climate model, which: (1) is representative of column physics (approximately 50% computational time), (2) has a high computational load relative to transferring data from and to main memory, (3) performs independent calculations across multiple columns. We converted the baseline code (single-precision, Fortran) to C and ported it with manually SIMDizing 4 independent columns and found that a Cell with 8 SPEs can process 2274 columns per second. Compared with the baseline results, the Cell is approximately 5.2X, approximately 8.2X, approximately 15.1X faster than a core on Intel Woodcrest, Dempsey, and Itanium2, respectively. We believe this dramatic performance improvement makes a hybrid cluster with Cell and traditional nodes competitive.

  8. HEMCO v1.0: A versatile, ESMF-compliant component for calculating emissions in atmospheric models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. A. Keller

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe the Harvard-NASA Emission Component version 1.0 (HEMCO, a stand-alone software component for computing emissions in global atmospheric models. HEMCO determines emissions from different sources, regions and species on a user-specified grid and can combine, overlay, and update a set of data inventories and scale factors, selected by the user from a data library through the HEMCO configuration file. New emission inventories at any spatial and temporal resolution are readily added to HEMCO and can be accessed by the user without any pre-processing of the data files or modification of the source code. Emissions that depend on dynamic source types and local environmental variables such as wind speed or surface temperature are calculated in separate HEMCO extensions. HEMCO is fully compliant with the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF environment. It is highly portable and can be deployed in a new model environment with only few adjustments at the top-level interface. So far, we have implemented HEMCO in the NASA GEOS-5 Earth System Model (ESM and in the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model (CTM. By providing a widely applicable framework for specifying constituent emissions, HEMCO is designed to ease sensitivity studies and model comparisons, as well as inverse modeling in which emissions are adjusted iteratively. The HEMCO code, extensions, and data libraries are available at http://wiki.geos-chem.org/HEMCO.

  9. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TAPPS BERBANTUAN MST UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KREATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uun Kurniasih

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini   untuk mendeskripsi karakteristik pembelajaran model TAPPS strategi IDEP DCG berbantuan MST serta menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika yang valid, praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini termasuk jenis R & D atau jenis penelitian pengembangan . Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran mengacu pada model Thiagarajan, Semmel dan Semmel. Pengumpulan data terdiri dari lembar validasi, lembar  pengamatan  aktivitas  siswa,  lembar  angket  motivasi,  lembar  respon  siswa, lembar kemampuan guru melaksanakan   pembelajaran dan tes kemampuan berpikir kreatif.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 karakteristik   pembelajaran TAPPS adalah pembelajaran efektif, menyenangkan, inovatif, serta menumbuhkembangkan semangat kepercayaan diri siswa dalam memunculkan ide baru sehingga mampu memecahkan permasalahan  secara  sistematis  ;  (2  perangkat  pembelajaran  yang  dikembangkan valid; dengan kriteria silabus, RPP, LKS, buku siswa, dan TKBK masing-masing sangat baik; (3 Perangkat pembelajarannya praktis, yaitu: a kemampuan guru melaksanakan pembelajaran baik mempunyai rata-rata 4,395; dan b respon siswa positif mempunyai rata-rata  86%; (4  pembelajaran  matematika efektif  , data penelitian  menunjukkan ketuntasan belajar  melebihi 75%, adanya pengaruh positif aktivitas dan motivasi siswa terhadap ketuntasan berpikir kreatif  sebesar 86,2%;   berdasarkan uji banding kelas ekperimen lebih baik dari pada kelas ekspositori; adanya peningkatan kemampuan menjawab soal secara sistematis/tepat (fluency, memberikan jawaban yang beragam (flexibility, dan jawabannya menggunakan bahasa atau ide sendiri (orisinalitty.AbstractThe purpose of this research is to study characteristics of  model TAPPS with IDEP DCG strategy aided MST and produce valid mathematical learning tools, practical and effective. This research includes type of research development. Learning software development refers to model Thiagarajan

  10. New Approaches to Quantifying Transport Model Error in Atmospheric CO2 Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, L.; Pawson, S.; Zhu, Z.; Nielsen, J. E.; Collatz, G. J.; Gregg, W. W.

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, much progress has been made in observing CO2 distributions from space. However, the use of these observations to infer source/sink distributions in inversion studies continues to be complicated by difficulty in quantifying atmospheric transport model errors. We will present results from several different experiments designed to quantify different aspects of transport error using the Goddard Earth Observing System, Version 5 (GEOS-5) Atmospheric General Circulation Model (AGCM). In the first set of experiments, an ensemble of simulations is constructed using perturbations to parameters in the model s moist physics and turbulence parameterizations that control sub-grid scale transport of trace gases. Analysis of the ensemble spread and scales of temporal and spatial variability among the simulations allows insight into how parameterized, small-scale transport processes influence simulated CO2 distributions. In the second set of experiments, atmospheric tracers representing model error are constructed using observation minus analysis statistics from NASA's Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA). The goal of these simulations is to understand how errors in large scale dynamics are distributed, and how they propagate in space and time, affecting trace gas distributions. These simulations will also be compared to results from NASA's Carbon Monitoring System Flux Pilot Project that quantified the impact of uncertainty in satellite constrained CO2 flux estimates on atmospheric mixing ratios to assess the major factors governing uncertainty in global and regional trace gas distributions.

  11. Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel-Christiansen, Carsten

    2005-01-01

    Artiklen fremhæver den visuelle rotation - billeder, tegninger, modeller, værker - som det privilligerede medium i kommunikationen af ideer imellem skabende arkitekter......Artiklen fremhæver den visuelle rotation - billeder, tegninger, modeller, værker - som det privilligerede medium i kommunikationen af ideer imellem skabende arkitekter...

  12. Color-Encoded Image of 5-m Gridded Hill-Shaded Bathymetry From Long Island Sound off Bridgeport, Connecticut (H11045_GEO_5MBATHY.TIF, Geographic)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, has...

  13. Color-Encoded Image of 5-m Gridded Hill-Shaded Bathymetry From Long Island Sound off Milford, Connecticut (H11044_GEO_5MBATHY.TIF, Geographic)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, has...

  14. Color-Encoded Image of 5-m Gridded Hill-Shaded Bathymetry From Long Island Sound off Milford, Connecticut (H11044_GEO_5MBATHY.TIF, Geographic)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, has...

  15. Inferring Land Surface Model Parameters for the Assimilation of Satellite-Based L-Band Brightness Temperature Observations into a Soil Moisture Analysis System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichle, Rolf H.; De Lannoy, Gabrielle J. M.

    2012-01-01

    The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite mission provides global measurements of L-band brightness temperatures at horizontal and vertical polarization and a variety of incidence angles that are sensitive to moisture and temperature conditions in the top few centimeters of the soil. These L-band observations can therefore be assimilated into a land surface model to obtain surface and root zone soil moisture estimates. As part of the observation operator, such an assimilation system requires a radiative transfer model (RTM) that converts geophysical fields (including soil moisture and soil temperature) into modeled L-band brightness temperatures. At the global scale, the RTM parameters and the climatological soil moisture conditions are still poorly known. Using look-up tables from the literature to estimate the RTM parameters usually results in modeled L-band brightness temperatures that are strongly biased against the SMOS observations, with biases varying regionally and seasonally. Such biases must be addressed within the land data assimilation system. In this presentation, the estimation of the RTM parameters is discussed for the NASA GEOS-5 land data assimilation system, which is based on the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) and the Catchment land surface model. In the GEOS-5 land data assimilation system, soil moisture and brightness temperature biases are addressed in three stages. First, the global soil properties and soil hydraulic parameters that are used in the Catchment model were revised to minimize the bias in the modeled soil moisture, as verified against available in situ soil moisture measurements. Second, key parameters of the "tau-omega" RTM were calibrated prior to data assimilation using an objective function that minimizes the climatological differences between the modeled L-band brightness temperatures and the corresponding SMOS observations. Calibrated parameters include soil roughness parameters, vegetation structure parameters

  16. Evaluating a 3-D transport model of atmospheric CO2 using ground-based, aircraft, and space-borne data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.-D. Paris

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available We evaluate the GEOS-Chem atmospheric transport model (v8-02-01 of CO2 over 2003–2006, driven by GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 meteorology from the NASA Goddard Global Modelling and Assimilation Office, using surface, aircraft and space-borne concentration measurements of CO2. We use an established ensemble Kalman filter to estimate a posteriori biospheric+biomass burning (BS+BB and oceanic (OC CO2 fluxes from 22 geographical regions, following the TransCom 3 protocol, using boundary layer CO2 data from a subset of GLOBALVIEW surface sites. Global annual net BS+BB+OC CO2 fluxes over 2004–2006 for GEOS-4 (GEOS-5 meteorology are −4.4±0.9 (−4.2±0.9, −3.9±0.9 (−4.5±0.9, and −5.2±0.9 (−4.9±0.9 Pg C yr−1 , respectively. The regional a posteriori fluxes are broadly consistent in the sign and magnitude of the TransCom-3 study for 1992–1996, but we find larger net sinks over northern and southern continents. We find large departures from our a priori over Europe during summer 2003, over temperate Eurasia during 2004, and over North America during 2005, reflecting an incomplete description of terrestrial carbon dynamics. We find GEOS-4 (GEOS-5 a posteriori CO2 concentrations reproduce the observed surface trend of 1.91–2.43 ppm yr−1, depending on latitude, within 0.15 ppm yr−1 (0.2 ppm yr−1 and the seasonal cycle within 0.2 ppm (0.2 ppm at all latitudes. We find the a posteriori model reproduces the aircraft vertical profile measurements of CO2 over North America and Siberia generally within 1.5 ppm in the free and upper troposphere but can be biased by up to 4–5 ppm in the boundary layer at the start and end of the growing season. The model has a small negative bias in the free troposphere CO2 trend (1.95–2.19 ppm yr−1 compared to AIRS data which has a trend of 2.21–2.63 ppm yr−1 during 2004–2006, consistent with surface data. Model CO2 concentrations in the upper troposphere, evaluated using CONTRAIL (Comprehensive

  17. MODEL PENANAMAN PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER BERBASIS NILAI-NILAI KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL PADA MATA PELAJARAN IPS DI SEKOLAH AGAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nurindah Sari

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengembangan model penanaman pendidikan karakter berbasis nilai kehidupan sosial di Madrasah Tsanawiyah. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode Research and development (R&D. Dengan lokasi penelitian  adalah Madrasah Tsanawiyah di Kabupaten Kudus. Simpulan penelitian ini menyatakan bahwa penanaman pendidikan karakter di MTs Manba’ul ulum menerapkan pendidikan karakter pada nilai religius, hal ini dikarenakan MTs Manba’ul Ulum merupakan sekolahan berbasis agama. Nilai keagamaan meliputi solat dhuha, solat duhur berjama’ah pesantren kilat dan solat idul adha. Penggunaan model penanaman pendidikan karakter berbasis nilai sosial belum pernah dilaksanakan karena kurangnya pedoman pelaksanan model bagi guru. Model penanaman pendidikan karakter berbasis nilai-nilai kehidupan sosial adalah model penanaman yang diawali dengan melakukan pengamatan pendidikan karakter yang ada dalam lokasi penelitian, kemudian mengidentifikasi permasalahan yang ada, dilanjutkan dengan melengkapi data untuk memecahkan permasalahan The purpose of this research is developing a model-based character education planting value of social life in the Islamic. The method used in this research is the method Research and development (R & D. With the study site is Islamic in Kudus. The conclusions of this study stated that the cultivation of character education in MTs Manba'ul uluum implement character education in religious values, this is because the MTs Manba'ul Ulum is faith-based schools. Religious values include Duha prayer, prayer in congregation duhur boarding lightning and Eid al-Adha prayers. The use of a model-based character education planting social values have not been implemented due to lack of guidelines for the conduct of a model for teachers.Model-based character education planting values of social life is a model of planting begins by observing the character education in the study site, then identify

  18. MODEL PERMAINAN AKTIVITAS LUAR KELAS UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN RANAH KOGNITIF, AFEKTIF, DAN PSIKOMOTORIK SISWA SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendra Setyawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan model-model permainan Aktivitas Luar kelas (ALK yang layak digunakan sebagai materi pembelajaran penjas, serta efektif untuk mengembangkan ranah kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik siswa SMA. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan langkah-langkah sebagai berikut: (1 pengumpulan informasi di lapangan, (2 menganalisis informasi yang telah dikumpulkan, (3 mengembangkan produk awal, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba skala kecil dan  revisi, (6 uji coba skala besar dan revisi, dan (7 pembuatan produk final. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas X-D dan XI-IPA 4 dari SMA N I Prambanan berjumlah 66 orang. Uji coba skala besar dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas X-G, X-H, XI-IPS 3, dan XI-BHS dari SMA N I Prambanan berjumlah 132 orang. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu; (1 pedoman wawancara, (2 skala nilai, (3 pedoman observasi permainan, (4 pedoman observasi keefektifan permainan, (5 pedoman observasi terhadap guru pelaku uji coba, dan (6 rubrik penilaian siswa. Teknik analisis data dengan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian berupa tujuh model permainan yang layak dan efektif digunakan dalam pembelajaran penjas, hal ini dibuktikan dengan perolehan persentase sebesar 100% dari data hasil kuesioner skala nilai, observasi model permainan, observasi keefektifan permainan, dan observasi guru pelaku uji coba. Model permainan juga efektif untuk mengembangkan ranah kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik, yang dibuktikan dengan terjadinya peningkatan persentase nilai rata-rata siswa sebesar 21%. Kata kunci: model, permainan, aktivitas luar kelas, kognitif, afektif, psikomotorik THE OUTDOOR ACTIVITY GAME MODEL TO DEVELOP THE ASPECT OF COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE, AND PSYCHOMOTOR OF THE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS Abstract This study aims at producing outdoor activity game models which are proper to be used for physicall education learning and developing cognitive, affective, and

  19. 改善心智模式对于企业管理的启示%Enlightenment of improving mental model for enterprise management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾博群

    2014-01-01

    改善心智模式,是当代著名的管理大师彼得·圣吉在《第五项修炼:学习型组织的艺术与实务》中提出的。它在管理思维、人际交往中日益发挥着不可替代的作用。本文立足于企业管理层面,用改善心智模式的理念来解决企业在管理中存在的问题并给出建议,以期推动企业管理改革。%To improve the mental model, contemporary famous management guru Peter Senge in"the Fifth Discipline:the art and practice of learning organization.". It plays an irreplaceable role in management thinking, interpersonal communication. This paper is based on the enterprise management level, by improving mental models to address the concept existing problems in the enterprise management and give advice, in order to promote the reform of the enterprise management.

  20. Modelling

    CERN Document Server

    Spädtke, P

    2013-01-01

    Modeling of technical machines became a standard technique since computer became powerful enough to handle the amount of data relevant to the specific system. Simulation of an existing physical device requires the knowledge of all relevant quantities. Electric fields given by the surrounding boundary as well as magnetic fields caused by coils or permanent magnets have to be known. Internal sources for both fields are sometimes taken into account, such as space charge forces or the internal magnetic field of a moving bunch of charged particles. Used solver routines are briefly described and some bench-marking is shown to estimate necessary computing times for different problems. Different types of charged particle sources will be shown together with a suitable model to describe the physical model. Electron guns are covered as well as different ion sources (volume ion sources, laser ion sources, Penning ion sources, electron resonance ion sources, and H$^-$-sources) together with some remarks on beam transport.

  1. model

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    trie neural construction oí inoiviouo! unci communal identities in ... occurs, Including models based on Information processing,1 ... Applying the DSM descriptive approach to dissociation in the ... a personal, narrative path lhal connects personal lo ethnic ..... managed the problem in the context of the community, using a.

  2. Multi-sensor Cloud Retrieval Simulator and Remote Sensing from Model Parameters . Pt. 1; Synthetic Sensor Radiance Formulation; [Synthetic Sensor Radiance Formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wind, G.; DaSilva, A. M.; Norris, P. M.; Platnick, S.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we describe a general procedure for calculating synthetic sensor radiances from variable output from a global atmospheric forecast model. In order to take proper account of the discrepancies between model resolution and sensor footprint, the algorithm takes explicit account of the model subgrid variability, in particular its description of the probability density function of total water (vapor and cloud condensate.) The simulated sensor radiances are then substituted into an operational remote sensing algorithm processing chain to produce a variety of remote sensing products that would normally be produced from actual sensor output. This output can then be used for a wide variety of purposes such as model parameter verification, remote sensing algorithm validation, testing of new retrieval methods and future sensor studies.We show a specific implementation using the GEOS-5 model, the MODIS instrument and the MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS) Data Collection 5.1 operational remote sensing cloud algorithm processing chain (including the cloud mask, cloud top properties and cloud optical and microphysical properties products). We focus on clouds because they are very important to model development and improvement.

  3. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL TEACHERPRENEUR PADA SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wisnu Rachmad Prihadi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1 mengungkapkan pengembangan profesionalitas pendidik yang selama ini diterapkan; (2 menemukan model pengembangan teacherpreneur; dan (3 menentukan keefektifan internal model teacherpreneur di SMK Bidang Keahlian Teknologi dan Rekayasa. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode research and development yang terdiri dari tiga langkah: studi pendahuluan, pengembangan model, dan uji coba internal. Penelitian dilakukan di SMK negeri dan swasta di kota Yogyakarta. Pengumpulan data penelitian menggunakan wawancara mendalam dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 pengembangan profesionalitas pendidik pada guru SMK yang diteliti sebagian besar berasal dari pemerintah, dan dari sekolah. Program pemerintah terdiri dari MGMP, OJT, sosialisasi kurikulum, ujian kompetensi, dan diklat assessor, sedangkan program pengembangan pendidik di sekolah bergantung pada kebijakan dan strategi dari masing-masing kepala sekolah; (2 Model teacherpreneur yang dikembangkan tersusun atas komponen kompetensi, kreatifitas, dan efektivitas; (3 Keefektifan model hasil uji internal yang dilakukan dapat disimpulkan bahwa ahli setuju dengan kategori: (a komponen model telah lengkap (92,83%; (b struktur komponen model telah jelas (91,65%; (c hubungan antar komponen model telah jelas (95,83%; (d keterbacaan model telah baik (95,83%; (e model telah layak (95,83%; dan (f model efektif jika diimplementasikan (87,5%. Kata kunci: pengembangan, profesionalitas, pendidik, teacherpreneur DEVELOPING A MODEL OF TEACHERPRENEUR IN VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLS Abstract This research aimed to: (1 reveal the teacher’s professional development model currently applied; (2 generate a teacherpreneur development model; and (3 determine the internal effectiveness of teacherpreneur development model in the vocational high schools (SMK having the study program of technology and engineering expertise. This research employed the research and development method which consisted of

  4. ENSO Forecasts in the North American Multi-Model Ensemble: Composite Analysis and Verification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, L. C.

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we examine precipitation and temperature forecasts during El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events in six models in the North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME), including the CFSv2, CanCM3, CanCM4, FLOR, GEOS5, and CCSM4 models, by comparing the model-based ENSO composites to the observed. The composite analysis is conducted using the 1982-2010 hindcasts for each of the six models with selected ENSO episodes based on the seasonal Ocean Nino Index (ONI) just prior to the date the forecasts were initiated. Two sets of composites are constructed over the North American continent: one based on precipitation and temperature anomalies, the other based on their probability of occurrence in a tercile-based system. The composites apply to monthly mean conditions in November, December, January, February, and March, respectively, as well as to the five-month aggregates representing the winter conditions. For the anomaly composites, we use the anomaly correlation coefficient and root-mean-square error against the observed composites for evaluation. For the probability composites, unlike conventional probabilistic forecast verification assuming binary outcomes to the observations, both model and observed composites are expressed in probability terms. Performance metrics for such validation are limited. Therefore, we develop a probability anomaly correlation measure and a probability score for assessment, so the results are comparable to the anomaly composite evaluation. We found that all NMME models predict ENSO precipitation patterns well during wintertime; however, some models have large discrepancies between the model temperature composites and the observed. The skill is higher for the multi-model ensemble, as well as the five-month aggregates. Comparing to the anomaly composites, the probability composites have superior skill in predicting ENSO temperature patterns and are less sensitive to the sample used to construct the composites, suggesting that

  5. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN IPA MODEL LEARNING CYCLE 7E UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fembriani -

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Proses pembelajaran dalam KTSP memerlukan pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran. Observasi yang peneliti lakukan di kelas IV pada lima sekolah dasar, 80% guru tidak membuat perangkat pembelajaran sendiri, 60% SD masih menggunakan perangkat pembelajaran teacher center, dan 50% belum mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis yang sesuai dengan indikator. Penelitian ini menggunakan model pengembangan Plomp dengan tujuan untuk memperoleh perangkat pembelajaran yang valid, efektif, dan praktis. Hasil Penelitian menunjukan: (1 pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran learning cycle 7E menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid. Skor rata-rata validasi ahli terhadap silabus 3,6 (sangat baik, RPP 3,7 (sangat baik, bahan ajar 3,5 (sangat baik, LKS 3,6 (sangat baik, dan evaluasi  3,5 (sangat baik. (2 implementasi perangkat  pembelajaran yang valid terbukti efektif karena setelah diberi perlakuan menggunakan model learning cycle 7E terdapat perbedaan antara kelas kontrol dan ekperimen dengan nilai signifikansi 0,02 < 0,05 dan peningkatan hasil N-gain kelas eksperimen sebesar 0,62 yang menunjukan kriteria sedang. (3 Berdasarkan analisis kuisioner, perangkat pembelajaran yang  praktis dapat diterima oleh siswa dan guru sebesar 80% dan 80%. Simpulan yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran IPA model learning cycle 7E adalah valid, efektif, dan praktis.The learning process in school based curiculum requires the development of learning instrument. The observation that researcher done on fourth grade at five Elementary Schools, 80% of teachers do not make their own learning device, 60% of  school teachers still use the teacher learning center, and 50% have not yet developed learning tools to improve critical thinking skills in accordance with the indicators. This study use a model of development Plomp in order to obtain a valid learning device, effective, and practical. The result of

  6. Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation, Volume 43. MERRA-2; Initial Evaluation of the Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koster, Randal D. (Editor); Bosilovich, Michael G.; Akella, Santha; Lawrence, Coy; Cullather, Richard; Draper, Clara; Gelaro, Ronald; Kovach, Robin; Liu, Qing; Molod, Andrea; Norris, Peter; Wargan, Krzysztof; Chao, Winston; Reichle, Rolf; Takacs, Lawrence; Todling, Ricardo; Vikhliaev, Yury; Bloom, Steve; Collow, Allison; Partyka, Gary; Labow, Gordon; Pawson, Steven; Reale, Oreste; Schubert, Siegfried; Suarez, Max

    2015-01-01

    The years since the introduction of MERRA have seen numerous advances in the GEOS-5 Data Assimilation System as well as a substantial decrease in the number of observations that can be assimilated into the MERRA system. To allow continued data processing into the future, and to take advantage of several important innovations that could improve system performance, a decision was made to produce MERRA-2, an updated retrospective analysis of the full modern satellite era. One of the many advances in MERRA-2 is a constraint on the global dry mass balance; this allows the global changes in water by the analysis increment to be near zero, thereby minimizing abrupt global interannual variations due to changes in the observing system. In addition, MERRA-2 includes the assimilation of interactive aerosols into the system, a feature of the Earth system absent from previous reanalyses. Also, in an effort to improve land surface hydrology, observations-corrected precipitation forcing is used instead of model-generated precipitation. Overall, MERRA-2 takes advantage of numerous updates to the global modeling and data assimilation system. In this document, we summarize an initial evaluation of the climate in MERRA-2, from the surface to the stratosphere and from the tropics to the poles. Strengths and weaknesses of the MERRA-2 climate are accordingly emphasized.

  7. MEMFASILITASI HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS DALAM PERKULIAHAN BIOLOGI SEL MELALUI MODEL INTEGRASI ATRIBUT ASESMEN FORMATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Saptono

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills sangat dibutuhkan untuk memahami permasalahan dan esensi materi perkuliahan Biologi Sel. Studi dengan desain Research and Development ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa calon guru biologi melalui penerapan model pembelajaran Integrasi Atribut Asesmen Formatif (IAAF. Sejumlah 61 mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Negeri Semarang semester tiga yang sedang menempuh mata kuliah Biologi Sel menjadi subjek penelitian. Kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa diukur melalui tugas individu, tugas kelompok pembuatan peta konsep dan penyusunan laporan reviu artikel, dan 30 item soal berbentuk selected response questions dan constructed response questions tervalidasi. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa dapat berkembang secara signifikan, meskipun perkembangan kemampuan argumentasi, salah satu kategori kemampuan berpikir analitik, masih perlu perhatian yang cukup serius.   Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills are needed to understand the problem and the essence of the lecture material Biology Sel. Study design Research and Development aims to develop reasoning skills and analytic thinking biology student teachers through the application of learning models Integration Attributes Formative Assessment (IAAF. Some 61 students of Biology Education Semarang State University who is doing his third semester courses Cell Biology is the subject of research. Analytical reasoning and thinking ability of students is measured through individual assignments, group assignments concept map creation and preparation of the Review articles, and 30 items about the shape of the selected response and constructed response questions, validated questions. The result showed

  8. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN JIGSAW DENGAN STRATEGI METAKOGNITIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SELF-EFFICACY DAN KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purtiana Septi Alfurofika

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika model Jigsaw strategi Metakognitif untuk meningkatkan self-efficacy terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah dengan materi segi empat kelas VII valid, praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan modifikasi Plomp. Jenis perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan adalah silabus, RPP, bahan ajar, LKS, media pembelajaran, Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah. Teknik pengambilan data menggunakan lembar validasi, lembar pengamatan self-efficacy dan aktifitas, Lembar angket, dan Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 perangkat yang dikembangkan valid; (2 pembelajaran praktis ditandai dengan respon positif siswa dan kemampuan guru baik; (3 Efektifitas ditandai dengan (a kemampuan pemecahan masalah mencapai KKM yaitu 83,4 dan ketuntasan klasikal sebesar 90,3%; (b self-efficacy dan aktifitas siswa secara bersama – sama berpengaruh positif terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah sebesar 71,9%; dan (c self-efficacy dan aktivitas siswa mengalami peningkatan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan tujuan pengembangan perangkat tercapai. The aim of this research to produce mathematics’ learning device the Jigsaw model with Metacognitive strategies for increasing self-efficacy towards problem solving ability to quadrilateral of class VII valid, practical and effective. This research is development of modifications Plomp. Kinds of learning devices are developed syllabi, lesson plans, teaching materials, worksheets, instructional media, and problem solving ability test. Technique of data collection by using validation sheet, observation sheet student’s self-efficacy and activity, questionnaire, and problem solving ability test. The results showed: (1 device developed valid; (2 practical learning is characterized by the positive response of students and good teachers ability; (3 effectiveness characterized by (a the ability of problem

  9. MODEL PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH BERORIENTASI METAKOGNITIF JENJANG SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cahyo Budi Utomo

    2015-01-01

    pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran sejarah berorientasi metakognitif pada jenjang pendi-dikan SMA yang dikembangkan memiliki ciri utama pada pencantuman tujuan pembelajaran metakognitif secara eksplisit dan dilengkapi dengan penugasan dan perangkat assesmen berupa rubrik dan angket. Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran sejarah berorientasi metakognitif pada jenjang pendidikan SMA telah dilaksanakan seoptimal mungkin dengan melibatkan guru dalam proses pengembangan dan pengujian melalui FGD dan pengisian angket.Kata Kunci: Model, Perangkat Pembelajaran, Metakognitif, Jenjang SMA  

  10. Enhancing Cloud Radiative Processes and Radiation Efficiency in the Advanced Research Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iacono, Michael J. [Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Lexington, MA (United States)

    2015-03-09

    The objective of this research has been to evaluate and implement enhancements to the computational performance of the RRTMG radiative transfer option in the Advanced Research version of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Efficiency is as essential as accuracy for effective numerical weather prediction, and radiative transfer is a relatively time-consuming component of dynamical models, taking up to 30-50 percent of the total model simulation time. To address this concern, this research has implemented and tested a version of RRTMG that utilizes graphics processing unit (GPU) technology (hereinafter RRTMGPU) to greatly improve its computational performance; thereby permitting either more frequent simulation of radiative effects or other model enhancements. During the early stages of this project the development of RRTMGPU was completed at AER under separate NASA funding to accelerate the code for use in the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Goddard Earth Observing System GEOS-5 global model. It should be noted that this final report describes results related to the funded portion of the originally proposed work concerning the acceleration of RRTMG with GPUs in WRF. As a k-distribution model, RRTMG is especially well suited to this modification due to its relatively large internal pseudo-spectral (g-point) dimension that, when combined with the horizontal grid vector in the dynamical model, can take great advantage of the GPU capability. Thorough testing under several model configurations has been performed to ensure that RRTMGPU improves WRF model run time while having no significant impact on calculated radiative fluxes and heating rates or on dynamical model fields relative to the RRTMG radiation. The RRTMGPU codes have been provided to NCAR for possible application to the next public release of the WRF forecast model.

  11. Efektivitas Model Prakarya dan Kewirausahaan Berbasis Ekonomi Kreatif Berdimensi Industri Keunggulan Lokal terhadap Keinovatifan Siswa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukardi Sukardi

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan model pendidikan Prakarya dan Kewirausahaan berbasis ekonomi kreatif berdimensi industri keunggulan lokal terhadap keinovatifan siswa SMA dalam menghasilkan produk/jasa. Penelitian berupa penelitian dan pengembangan versi Borg dan Gall yang dipadukan dengan prinsip desain konstruktivistik. Kajian dilakukan melalui tahapan uji produk awal melalui uji terbatas yang disertai revisi; uji produk akhir melalui quasi eksperimen; dan desiminasi dan implementasi. Data dikumpulkan melalui tes, proyek, dan kuesioner, sedang analisis data dilakukan lewat uji korelasi dan t-tes. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 hasil uji produk awal menunjukkan bahwa model yang dihasilkan sangat baik dan layak diuji lebih lanjut; (2 hasil uji produk akhir menunjukkan model yang dihasilkan efektif ditinjau dari keinovatifan siswa dalam menghasilkan produk ekonomi kreatif berdimensi keunggulan lokal; (3 guru dan siswa memberikan respon yang sangat baik terhadap model yang dihasilkan dilihat dari aspek relevance, reflection, interaction, tutor support, peer support, dan interpretation; (4 model akhir yang dihasilkan memuat tiga komponen utama, yaitu tujuan, prosedur, dan penilaian pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: efektivitas model, prakarya dan kewirausahaan, keinovatifan THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CRAFTSMANSHIP EDUCATIONAL MODEL AND CREATIVE ECONOMY-BASED ENTREPRENEURSHIP WITH LOCAL ADVANTAGE INDUSTRY TO STUDENTS’ INNOVATION Abstract: The purpose of this study is to figure out the effectiveness of craftsmanship educational model and creative economy-based entrepreneurship with local advantage industry to the level of high school students’ innovation in providing products / services. This study uses a model of research and development developed by Borg and Gall combined with constructivist design principles. The second phase involves two steps: (1 the initial product test through limited testing with revisions; (2 the final

  12. The Impact of IBM Cell Technology on the Programming Paradigm in the Context of Computer Systems for Climate and Weather Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Shujia; Duffy, Daniel; Clune, Thomas; Suarez, Max; Williams, Samuel; Halem, Milton

    2009-01-10

    The call for ever-increasing model resolutions and physical processes in climate and weather models demands a continual increase in computing power. The IBM Cell processor's order-of-magnitude peak performance increase over conventional processors makes it very attractive to fulfill this requirement. However, the Cell's characteristics, 256KB local memory per SPE and the new low-level communication mechanism, make it very challenging to port an application. As a trial, we selected the solar radiation component of the NASA GEOS-5 climate model, which: (1) is representative of column physics components (half the total computational time), (2) has an extremely high computational intensity: the ratio of computational load to main memory transfers, and (3) exhibits embarrassingly parallel column computations. In this paper, we converted the baseline code (single-precision Fortran) to C and ported it to an IBM BladeCenter QS20. For performance, we manually SIMDize four independent columns and include several unrolling optimizations. Our results show that when compared with the baseline implementation running on one core of Intel's Xeon Woodcrest, Dempsey, and Itanium2, the Cell is approximately 8.8x, 11.6x, and 12.8x faster, respectively. Our preliminary analysis shows that the Cell can also accelerate the dynamics component (~;;25percent total computational time). We believe these dramatic performance improvements make the Cell processor very competitive as an accelerator.

  13. PENGARUH SERTIFIKASI GURU DALAM JABATAN MELALUI PENILAIAN PORTOFOLIO TERHADAP KINERJA GURU BERSERTIFIKAT DI SMA NEGERI KABUPATEN MAGELANG (KOMPENSASI SEBAGAI VARIABLE INTERVENING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P a r t o n o P a r t o n o

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Professional teachers are teachers who have passed the certification. The problem of this study is how much the influence of a teacher certification directly and indirectly as well as the influence of compensation on the performance of certified teachers in State High Schools in Magelang Regency. The objective of this study is to analyze the direct and indirect influences of teacher certification and compensation for the certified teachers’ performance  in High Schools in Magelang Regency. Population and sample were 85 certified teachers from 10 High Schools in Magelang District. Data was collected by questionnaire and documentation, whereas data analysis techniques was path analysis. From the research,  There is significant relationship between teacher certification in office through portfolio assessment of teacher performance SMA certified as Magelang regency, either directly or indirectly through compensation as an intervening variable. Suggestions in this study as follows (1 Teachers need to provide enrichment for students who excel. In addition, teachers also have to increase their creativity in providing activities to the achievement of students who have below average grade. (2 For further research, is expected to develop this research. With the review of certifications and other factors that may affect the performance of teachers.

  14. Peningkatan Kompetensi Guru Sekolah Dasar Melalui Lesson Study (Sosialisasi LS bagi Guru SD N 1,2 Gentan Baki-Sukoharjo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slamet Hw Slamet Hw

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Mathematics such as the assumption most people as a difficult lesson. This assumption is not entirely wrong because the average NEM value of elementary and middle school math is almost always located below the average value of the other lessons. The abstract nature of mathematics became the main obstacle to learning, especially for students who are still in the development of concrete or semi-concrete thinking. The situation is exacerbated by the use of methods which are still focused on the teacher (teacher center, not focused on students (child center so that less activate students. Such conditions often found in schools both public and private. A reality that even when this has been attempted to improve the professionalism of teachers through workshops or upgrading, but the results can not be perceived by the public. Lesson study that is currently being developed in many universities believed to be able to increase the professionalism of teachers. Socialization and simulation results Leson Study conducted on January 13, 2010 against Elementary School teachers Gentan by the Development Team of Realistic Mathematic Education (RME and Lesson Study- UMS concluded that: (1 The teachers were very enthusiastic and active during the socialization and stimulation, (2 The teachers want to know more about the RME and Lesson Study, (3 is hoping for a follow up such training so that teachers can implement lesson study in class, and (4 most teachers believe: by applying the approach RME through Lesson Study will help improve students’ understanding of math that the edges will help improve academic achievement.

  15. Tropospheric Ozone Source Attribution in Southern California during Summer 2014 Based on Lidar Measurements and Model Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granados Munoz, Maria Jose; Johnson, Matthew S.; Leblanc, Thierry

    2016-01-01

    In the past decades, significant efforts have been made to increase tropospheric ozone long-term monitoring. A large number of ground-based, airborne and space-borne instruments are currently providing valuable data to contribute to better understand tropospheric ozone budget and variability. Nonetheless, most of these instruments provide in-situ surface and column-integrated data, whereas vertically resolved measurements are still scarce. Besides ozonesondes and aircraft, lidar measurements have proven to be valuable tropospheric ozone profilers. Using the measurements from the tropospheric ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) located at the JPL Table Mountain Facility, California, and the GEOS-Chem and GEOS-5 model outputs, the impact of the North American monsoon on tropospheric ozone during summer 2014 is investigated. The influence of the Monsoon lightning-induced NOx will be evaluated against other sources (e.g. local anthropogenic emissions and the stratosphere) using also complementary data such as backward-trajectories analysis, coincident water vapor lidar measurements, and surface ozone in-situ measurements.

  16. Meteorological Drought Prediction Using a Multi-Model Ensemble Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, L.; Mo, K. C.; Zhang, Q.; Huang, J.

    2013-12-01

    In the United States, drought is among the costliest natural hazards, with an annual average of 6 billion dollars in damage. Drought prediction from monthly to seasonal time scales is of critical importance to disaster mitigation, agricultural planning, and multi-purpose reservoir management. Started in December 2012, NOAA Climate Prediction Center (CPC) has been providing operational Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) Outlooks using the National Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) forecasts, to support CPC's monthly drought outlooks and briefing activities. The current NMME system consists of six model forecasts from U.S. and Canada modeling centers, including the CFSv2, CM2.1, GEOS-5, CCSM3.0, CanCM3, and CanCM4 models. In this study, we conduct an assessment of the meteorological drought predictability using the retrospective NMME forecasts for the period from 1982 to 2010. Before predicting SPI, monthly-mean precipitation (P) forecasts from each model were bias corrected and spatially downscaled (BCSD) to regional grids of 0.5-degree resolution over the contiguous United States based on the probability distribution functions derived from the hindcasts. The corrected P forecasts were then appended to the CPC Unified Precipitation Analysis to form a P time series for computing 3-month and 6-month SPIs. The ensemble SPI forecasts are the equally weighted mean of the six model forecasts. Two performance measures, the anomaly correlation and root-mean-square errors against the observations, are used to evaluate forecast skill. For P forecasts, errors vary among models and skill generally is low after the second month. All model P forecasts have higher skill in winter and lower skill in summer. In wintertime, BCSD improves both P and SPI forecast skill. Most improvements are over the western mountainous regions and along the Great Lake. Overall, SPI predictive skill is regionally and seasonally dependent. The six-month SPI forecasts are skillful out to four months. For

  17. Model uncertainties affecting satellite-based inverse modeling of nitrogen oxides emissions and implications for surface ozone simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.-T. Lin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Errors in chemical transport models (CTMs interpreting the relation between space-retrieved tropospheric column densities of nitrogen dioxide (NO2 and emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx have important consequences on the inverse modeling. They are however difficult to quantify due to lack of adequate in situ measurements, particularly over China and other developing countries. This study proposes an alternate approach for model evaluation over East China, by analyzing the sensitivity of modeled NO2 columns to errors in meteorological and chemical parameters/processes important to the nitrogen abundance. As a demonstration, it evaluates the nested version of GEOS-Chem driven by the GEOS-5 meteorology and the INTEX-B anthropogenic emissions and used with retrievals from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI to constrain emissions of NOx. The CTM has been used extensively for such applications. Errors are examined for a comprehensive set of meteorological and chemical parameters using measurements and/or uncertainty analysis based on current knowledge. Results are exploited then for sensitivity simulations perturbing the respective parameters, as the basis of the following post-model linearized and localized first-order modification. It is found that the model meteorology likely contains errors of various magnitudes in cloud optical depth, air temperature, water vapor, boundary layer height and many other parameters. Model errors also exist in gaseous and heterogeneous reactions, aerosol optical properties and emissions of non-nitrogen species affecting the nitrogen chemistry. Modifications accounting for quantified errors in 10 selected parameters increase the NO2 columns in most areas with an average positive impact of 22% in July and 10% in January. This suggests a possible systematic model bias such that the top-down emissions will be overestimated by the same magnitudes if the model is used

  18. PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN PEMAHAMAN KONSEP SISTEM EKONOMI DAN HASIL BELAJAR MELALUI MODEL PROBLEM BASED-INSTRUCTION (PBI SISWA KELAS X IS 5 MAN KEBUMEN 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endah Tri Astutik

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang penelitian ini adalah karena kurangnya kemampuan pemahaman konsep siswa, selain itu karena metode pembelajaran yang digunakan tidak tepat yaitu menggunakan ceramah atau metode konvensional sedangkan karakter materinya adalah analistik dan aplikatif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana penerapan model problem based-instruction (PBI dan apakah model problem based-instruction (PBI dapat meningkatkan kemampuan pemahaman konsep. Subyek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X IS 5 MAN Kebumen 1. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilakukan dalam 2 siklus. Hasil penelitian ini diperoleh presentase aktivitas siswa pada pembelajaran siklus I dengan kategori baik dan pada siklus II meningkat menjadi kategori sangat baik, presentase aktivitas guru pada pembelajaran siklus I dengan kategori baik dan pada siklus II meningkat menjadi kategori sangat baik, rata-rata kelas yang dicapai dalam kategori baik dan pada siklus II rata-rata kelas menjadi kategori sangat baik. The background of this study is the lack of ability of students understanding of concepts, and also because the learning method that is used is not appropriate to use a lecture or a conventional method while the character is analytics and applicable material. This study aims to determine how the application of the model problem based-instruction (PBI and whether the model of problem-based instruction (PBI can improve understanding of the concept. The subjects of this study were students of class X IS 5 in MAN Kebumen 1. This research is a class act that is performed in 2 cycles. The results of this study showed the percentage of students in the learning activities of the first cycle with a good category and the second cycle increased to very good category, the percentage of teachers in the learning activities of the first cycle with a good category and the second cycle increased to very good category, the average grade achieved in both categories

  19. Statistical-dynamical long-range seasonal forecasting of streamflow with the North-American Multi Model Ensemble (NMME)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Louise; Villarini, Gabriele

    2017-04-01

    There are two main approaches to long-range (monthly to seasonal) streamflow forecasting: statistical approaches that typically relate climate precursors directly to streamflow, and dynamical physically-based approaches in which spatially distributed models are forced with downscaled meteorological forecasts. While the former approach is potentially limited by a lack of physical causality, the latter tends to be complex and time-consuming to implement. In contrast, hybrid statistical-dynamical techniques that use global climate model (GCM) ensemble forecasts as inputs to statistical models are both physically-based and rapid to run, but are a relatively new field of research. Here, we conduct the first systematic multimodel statistical-dynamical forecasting of streamflow using NMME climate forecasts from eight GCMs (CCSM3, CCSM4, CanCM3, CanCM4, GFDL2.1, FLORb01, GEOS5, and CFSv2) across a broad region. At several hundred U.S. Midwest stream gauges with long (50+ continuous years) streamflow records, we fit probabilistic statistical models for seasonal streamflow percentiles ranging from minimum to maximum flows. As predictors, we use basin-averaged values of precipitation, antecedent wetness, temperature, agricultural row crop acreage, and population density. Using the observed data, we select the best-fitting probabilistic model for every site, season, and streamflow percentile (ranging from low to high flows). The best-fitting models are then used to obtain streamflow predictions by incorporating the NMME climate forecasts and the extrapolated agricultural and population time series as predictors. The forecasting skill of our models is assessed using both deterministic and probabilistic verification measures. The influence of the different predictors is evaluated for all streamflow percentiles and across the full range of lead times. Our findings reveal that statistical-dynamical streamflow forecasting produces promising results, which may enable water managers

  20. PERBEDAAN PENINGKATAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS PUISI DENGAN MODEL SINEKTIK DAN PROJECT BASED LEARNING BERDASARKAN TIPE KEPRIBADIAN PESERTA DIDIK KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvina -

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Keterampilan menulis puisi belum mendapatkan hasil yang optimal karena guru kurang memperhatikan model, media dan kepribadian setiap siswa mempengaruhi cara belajar. Karenanya, dibutuhkan model pembelajaran sinektik dan model Project Based Learning (PjBL. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1 menentukan peningkatan keterampilan menulis puisi model sinektik berdasarkan tipe kepribadian peserta didik kelas V sekolah dasar; (2 menentukan peningkatan keterampilan menulis puisi model PjBL berdasarkan tipe kepribadian peserta didik kelas V sekolah dasar; (3 menjelaskan interaksi keefektifan antara model sinektik dan PjBL untuk meningkatkan keterampilan menulis puisi berdasarkan tipe kepribadian kelas V peserta didik sekolah dasar.Metode penelitian ini adalah eksperimen.Teknik analisis data menggunakan anava dua jalur.Sampel penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V SDN Plalangan 01 dan SDN Bendan Ngisor.Pengumpulan data tes melalui keterampilan menulis puisi dan tes kepribadian introver dan ekstrover.Pengumpulan data nontes melalui observasi dan dokumentasi foto.Hasil penelitian perlakuan model sinektik berkepribadian ekstrover lebih tinggi daripada berkepribadian introver yaitu 23,74> 21,35. Sedangkan model PjBL berkepribadian ekstrover lebih tinggi daripada berkepribadian introver yaitu 19,22> 16,24. Keterampilan menulis puisi yang mendapatkan perlakuan model sinektik lebih efektif dari pada model PjBL yakni 22,61> 17,80.Saran penelitian ini adalah memperhatikan tipe kepribadian saat proses pembelajaran. Poetry writing skills have yet to get optimal results, because the teacher less model and affect the way each student learns. Therefore, learning model sinektik and model of Project Based Learning (PjBL. The purpose of this (1 determine the improvement of writing skills of poetry sinektik model based on personality types learners class V primary school; (2 determine the improvement of writing skills of poetry based on the execution model of personality types

  1. Lessons Learned from Assimilating Altimeter Data into a Coupled General Circulation Model with the GMAO Augmented Ensemble Kalman Filter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian; Vernieres, Guillaume; Rienecker, Michele; Jacob, Jossy; Kovach, Robin

    2011-01-01

    Satellite altimetry measurements have provided global, evenly distributed observations of the ocean surface since 1993. However, the difficulties introduced by the presence of model biases and the requirement that data assimilation systems extrapolate the sea surface height (SSH) information to the subsurface in order to estimate the temperature, salinity and currents make it difficult to optimally exploit these measurements. This talk investigates the potential of the altimetry data assimilation once the biases are accounted for with an ad hoc bias estimation scheme. Either steady-state or state-dependent multivariate background-error covariances from an ensemble of model integrations are used to address the problem of extrapolating the information to the sub-surface. The GMAO ocean data assimilation system applied to an ensemble of coupled model instances using the GEOS-5 AGCM coupled to MOM4 is used in the investigation. To model the background error covariances, the system relies on a hybrid ensemble approach in which a small number of dynamically evolved model trajectories is augmented on the one hand with past instances of the state vector along each trajectory and, on the other, with a steady state ensemble of error estimates from a time series of short-term model forecasts. A state-dependent adaptive error-covariance localization and inflation algorithm controls how the SSH information is extrapolated to the sub-surface. A two-step predictor corrector approach is used to assimilate future information. Independent (not-assimilated) temperature and salinity observations from Argo floats are used to validate the assimilation. A two-step projection method in which the system first calculates a SSH increment and then projects this increment vertically onto the temperature, salt and current fields is found to be most effective in reconstructing the sub-surface information. The performance of the system in reconstructing the sub-surface fields is particularly

  2. Assimilation of SMOS brightness temperatures or soil moisture retrievals into a land surface model

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lannoy, Gabriëlle J. M.; Reichle, Rolf H.

    2016-12-01

    Three different data products from the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission are assimilated separately into the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, version 5 (GEOS-5) to improve estimates of surface and root-zone soil moisture. The first product consists of multi-angle, dual-polarization brightness temperature (Tb) observations at the bottom of the atmosphere extracted from Level 1 data. The second product is a derived SMOS Tb product that mimics the data at a 40° incidence angle from the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission. The third product is the operational SMOS Level 2 surface soil moisture (SM) retrieval product. The assimilation system uses a spatially distributed ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) with seasonally varying climatological bias mitigation for Tb assimilation, whereas a time-invariant cumulative density function matching is used for SM retrieval assimilation. All assimilation experiments improve the soil moisture estimates compared to model-only simulations in terms of unbiased root-mean-square differences and anomaly correlations during the period from 1 July 2010 to 1 May 2015 and for 187 sites across the US. Especially in areas where the satellite data are most sensitive to surface soil moisture, large skill improvements (e.g., an increase in the anomaly correlation by 0.1) are found in the surface soil moisture. The domain-average surface and root-zone skill metrics are similar among the various assimilation experiments, but large differences in skill are found locally. The observation-minus-forecast residuals and analysis increments reveal large differences in how the observations add value in the Tb and SM retrieval assimilation systems. The distinct patterns of these diagnostics in the two systems reflect observation and model errors patterns that are not well captured in the assigned EnKF error parameters. Consequently, a localized optimization of the EnKF error parameters is needed to further improve Tb or SM retrieval

  3. Sea Ice Outlook for September 2015 June Report - NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullather, Richard I.; Keppenne, Christian L.; Marshak, Jelena; Pawson, Steven; Schubert, Siegfried D.; Suarez, Max J.; Vernieres, Guillaume; Zhao, Bin

    2015-01-01

    The recent decline in perennial sea ice cover in Arctic Ocean is a topic of enormous scientific interest and has relevance to a broad variety of scientific disciplines and human endeavors including biological and physical oceanography, atmospheric circulation, high latitude ecology, the sustainability of indigenous communities, commerce, and resource exploration. A credible seasonal prediction of sea ice extent would be of substantial use to many of the stakeholders in these fields and may also reveal details on the physical processes that result in the current trends in the ice cover. Forecasts are challenging due in part to limitations in the polar observing network, the large variability in the climate system, and an incomplete knowledge of the significant processes. Nevertheless it is a useful to understand the current capabilities of high latitude seasonal forecasting and identify areas where such forecasts may be improved. Since 2008 the Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS) has conducted a seasonal forecasting contest in which the average Arctic sea ice extent for the month of September (the month of the annual extent minimum) is predicted from available forecasts in early June, July, and August. The competition is known as the Sea Ice Outlook (SIO) but recently came under the auspices of the Sea Ice Prediction Network (SIPN), and multi-agency funded project to evaluate the SIO. The forecasts are submitted based on modeling, statistical, and heuristic methods. Forecasts of Arctic sea ice extent from the GMAO are derived from seasonal prediction system of the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System model, version 5 (GEOS 5) coupled atmosphere and ocean general circulation model (AOGCM). The projections are made in order to understand the relative skill of the forecasting system and to determine the effects of future improvements to the system. This years prediction is for a September average Arctic ice extent of 5.030.41 million km2.

  4. Mechanisms of network collapse in GeO2 glass: high-pressure neutron diffraction with isotope substitution as arbitrator of competing models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wezka, Kamil; Salmon, Philip S.; Zeidler, Anita; Whittaker, Dean A. J.; Drewitt, James W. E.; Klotz, Stefan; Fischer, Henry E.; Marrocchelli, Dario

    2012-12-01

    The structure of the network forming glass GeO2 is investigated by making the first application of the method of in situ neutron diffraction with isotope substitution at pressures increasing from ambient to 8 GPa. Of the various models, the experimental results are in quantitative agreement only with molecular dynamics simulations made using interaction potentials that include dipole-polarization effects. When the reduced density ρ/ρ0 ≳ 1.16, where ρ0 is the value at ambient pressure, network collapse proceeds via an interplay between the predominance of distorted square pyramidal GeO5 units versus octahedral GeO6 units as they replace tetrahedral GeO4 units. This replacement necessitates the formation of threefold coordinated oxygen atoms and leads to an increase with density in the number of small rings, where a preference is shown for sixfold rings when ρ/ρ0 = 1 and fourfold rings when ρ/ρ0 = 1.64.

  5. PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA MODEL IKRAR BERPENDEKATAN RME UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN REPRESENTASI MATEMATIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristiyo -

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran Penelitianini bertujuan menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika Model IKRARberpendekatan RME yang valid, praktis dan efektif. Model pengembangan mengacupada model Plomp. Hasil penelitian ini adalah: (1perangkatpembelajaran yangdikembangkan valid: Silabus 3,99 (baik; RPP3,93 (baik; bukusiswa 3,86 (baik;LKS 3,84 (baik; dan TKRM 4,03 (sangat baik untuk rentang 1-5; (2 Perangkatpembelajaran dinyatakan praktis: a rata-rata kemampuan guru mengelola kelas4,27 (sangat baik untuk rentang 1-5; danbrata-rata respon siswa positif  83,64%;(3 Pembelajaran matematika dinyatakan efektif: a rata-rata KRM kelas uji cobaperangkat lebih besar dari 70, proporsi siswa dengan nilai minimal 70 melebihi75%; b KRM siswa kelas IKRAR dengan rata-rata sebesar 81,95 lebih baik daripada kelas ekspositori sebesar 68,91; c KRM siswa dipengaruhi secara bersamasamaoleh kemandiriandanketerampilansebesar73,2%;dpeningkatan KRMkelasIKRARsebesar 0,62 (sedang.Dalam pembelajaan matematika, hendaknyagurumemperhatikankemampuanrepresentasimatematikasiswa,khususnyadalammerepresentasikansoaldari bentuk teksmenjadibentuksimbolmatematika.AbstractThe purposeof  this studywas toproduce amathematics learning equipment is valid, practice,and effectiven. The research that used is instructional development model which refers toa Plomp’s model.Theresult of  learning equipment development as follows: (1 learningequipment developed isvalid: syllabusis 3,99 (good; RPPis3,93(good; student book is3,86 (good; LKSis3,84 (good; and testthe KRM is 4,03 (very good for 1 to 5 scale; (2learningtooluse specified practice, namely: a abilityto manage classroom teacher is very goodhas an average 4,27, b the positive student response to learning hasan average 83,64%;(3learningmathematicseffective: a KRM average grade test device is greater than 73, aswell as the proportion of  students who learn a minimum value equal by 70 by 75

  6. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH BERMAIN PERAN UNTUK PENINGKATKAN RASA CINTA TANAH AIR SISWA KELAS V PADA MATERI PROKLAMASI KEMERDEKAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosnawati -

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian berfokus pada pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah-bermain peran untuk meningkatkan rasa cinta tanah air siswa. Tujuan  penelitian ini untuk mendapatkan model pembelajaran yang valid, efektif dan praktis. Metode penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan. Sistem pendukung model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan antara lain silabus pembelajaran, Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP, Bahan Ajar dilengkapi dengan Lembar Kerja Siswa (LKS, serta instrumen pembelajaran yang terdiri dari Lembar observasi, lembar angket pengukuran rasa cinta tanah air, dan lembar soal. Penelitian dilakukan pada siswa kelas V SDN Muktiharjo Lor Genuk kota Semarang. Model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan tergolong valid. Respon positif siswa terhadap pembelajaran 80% dan guru memberi komentar yang baik, sehingga model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan praktis digunakan. Rasa cinta tanah air siswa pada kelas eksperimen berada pada kategori sangat tinggi, sedangkan pada kelas pembanding hanya mencapai kategori tinggi. Hasil belajar meningkat dengan kualitas peningkatan tinggi pada kelas eksperimen sedangkan pada kelas pembanding meningkat dengan kualitas peningkatan pada kategori sedang. The research focuses on the development of problembased learning-role playing model to enhance the students' patriotism. The purpose of this study was to obtain a valid learning model, effective and practical. The method is research and development. Support system of learning model developed include syllabus (planning for learning, Learning Implementation Plan (RPP, equipped with Instructional Materials Student Worksheet (LKS, as well as learning an instrument consisting of a sheet of observation, measurement questionnaire sheet of the students' patriotism, and the booklet. The study was conducted in fifth grade in SDN Muktiharjo Lor Genuk Semarang. Learning model developed relatively valid. The positive response of 80% of students towards learning and teachers gave

  7. Modeling the Influences of Aerosols on Pre-Monsoon Circulation and Rainfall over Southeast Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, D.; Sud, Y. C.; Oreopoulos, L.; Kim, K.-M.; Lau, W. K.; Kang, I.-S.

    2014-01-01

    We conduct several sets of simulations with a version of NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5, (GEOS-5) Atmospheric Global Climate Model (AGCM) equipped with a two-moment cloud microphysical scheme to understand the role of biomass burning aerosol (BBA) emissions in Southeast Asia (SEA) in the pre-monsoon period of February-May. Our experiments are designed so that both direct and indirect aerosol effects can be evaluated. For climatologically prescribed monthly sea surface temperatures, we conduct sets of model integrations with and without biomass burning emissions in the area of peak burning activity, and with direct aerosol radiative effects either active or inactive. Taking appropriate differences between AGCM experiment sets, we find that BBA affects liquid clouds in statistically significantly ways, increasing cloud droplet number concentrations, decreasing droplet effective radii (i.e., a classic aerosol indirect effect), and locally suppressing precipitation due to a deceleration of the autoconversion process, with the latter effect apparently also leading to cloud condensate increases. Geographical re-arrangements of precipitation patterns, with precipitation increases downwind of aerosol sources are also seen, most likely because of advection of weakly precipitating cloud fields. Somewhat unexpectedly, the change in cloud radiative effect (cloud forcing) at surface is in the direction of lesser cooling because of decreases in cloud fraction. Overall, however, because of direct radiative effect contributions, aerosols exert a net negative forcing at both the top of the atmosphere and, perhaps most importantly, the surface, where decreased evaporation triggers feedbacks that further reduce precipitation. Invoking the approximation that direct and indirect aerosol effects are additive, we estimate that the overall precipitation reduction is about 40% due to the direct effects of absorbing aerosols, which stabilize the atmosphere and reduce

  8. Impact of planetary boundary layer turbulence on model climate and tracer transport

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath-Spangler, E. L.; Molod, A.; Ott, L. E.; Pawson, S.

    2015-07-01

    Planetary boundary layer (PBL) processes are important for weather, climate, and tracer transport and concentration. One measure of the strength of these processes is the PBL depth. However, no single PBL depth definition exists and several studies have found that the estimated depth can vary substantially based on the definition used. In the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model, the PBL depth is particularly important because it is used to calculate the turbulent length scale that is used in the estimation of turbulent mixing. This study analyzes the impact of using three different PBL depth definitions in this calculation. Two definitions are based on the scalar eddy diffusion coefficient and the third is based on the bulk Richardson number. Over land, the bulk Richardson number definition estimates shallower nocturnal PBLs than the other estimates while over water this definition generally produces deeper PBLs. The near-surface wind velocity, temperature, and specific humidity responses to the change in turbulence are spatially and temporally heterogeneous, resulting in changes to tracer transport and concentrations. Near-surface wind speed increases in the bulk Richardson number experiment cause Saharan dust increases on the order of 1 × 10-4 kg m-2 downwind over the Atlantic Ocean. Carbon monoxide (CO) surface concentrations are modified over Africa during boreal summer, producing differences on the order of 20 ppb, due to the model's treatment of emissions from biomass burning. While differences in carbon dioxide (CO2) are small in the time mean, instantaneous differences are on the order of 10 ppm and these are especially prevalent at high latitude during boreal winter. Understanding the sensitivity of trace gas and aerosol concentration estimates to PBL depth is important for studies seeking to calculate surface fluxes based on near-surface concentrations and for studies projecting future concentrations.

  9. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH YANG BERMUATAN NILAI-NILAI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS CERPEN PADA KELAS VIII SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Dwi Haryawan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Menulis merupakan suatu keterampilan yang harus dimiliki peserta didik sekolah menengah pertama. Melaluitulisan, peserta didik dapat menyampaikan pengalaman, pikiran, perasaan, atau keinginan. Masalah penelitianini adalah (1 bagaimanakah kebutuhan pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang bermuatannilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen berdasarkan persepsi guru dan pesertadidik kelas VIII SMP?; (2 bagaimanakah prinsip-prinsip pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalahyang bermuatan nilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen pada peserta didik kelasVIII SMP? (3 bagaimanakah pengembangan prototipe model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang bermuatannilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen pada kelas VIII SMP?; (4 bagaimanakahkeberterimaan penerapan pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang bermuatan nilai-nilaipendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen pada kelas VIII SMP. Dalam penelitian ini digunakandesain Research and Development. Tahapan yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi pustaka, analisiskebutuhan, pengembangan model yang dikembangkan, uji validasi, revisi, implementasi, revisi akhir,pengembangan model/produk akhir. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, angket, wawancara, tes,dan dokumentasi foto. Writing is a skill that must be owned by middle school students. Through writing, students canconvey experiences, thoughts, feelings, or desires. The research problem is (1 How can the needsof the development of PBL model that charged the values of character education in learning towrite short stories on the perceptions of teachers and students of class VIII?; (2 How do thecharacteristics of the development of PBL model value-laden -the value of character education inlearning to write short stories at the high school of learner assessment system class?; (3 How isthe development of a prototype model of PBL  charged

  10. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROBLEM POSING DENGAN PENDEKATAN SAINTIFIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Purnomo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran model problem posing pendekatan saintifik yang valid, praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan model Thiagarajan. Pengolahan data penelitian untuk uji kevalidan dan kepraktisan dilakukan dengan menghitung rata-rata skor, sedangkan uji keefektifan dilakukan dengan uji t, uji proporsi, uji regresi, uji t berpasangan, dan uji normalitas gain. Hasil pengembangan diperoleh perangkat pembelajaran dinyatakan valid dengan rata-rata skor validasi silabus 4,3, RPP 4,31, buku peserta didik 4,24, LKPD 4,16, TKPM 4,19, dari skor maksimal 5,00. Perangkat pembelajaran praktis berdasarkan hasil pengamatan kemampuan guru 4,5 (sangat baik dan respon peserta didik 3,8 (baik. Implementasi perangkat pembelajaran efektif yang ditunjukkan dengan: (1 ketuntasan klasikal TKKM melampaui 75%, rata-rata kelas melampaui KKM; (2 kemampuan pemecahan masalah peserta didik yang pembelajarannya menggunakan model problrm posing pendekatan saintifik lebih baik dari pada peserta didik dengan pembelajaran konvensional; (3 keterampilan proses saintifik dan karakter kemandirian berpengaruh positif terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah; dan (4 adanya peningkatan pemecahan masalah dan mendiskripsikan peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah berdasarkan Taksonomi SOLO.The purpose of this research to development lesson plan through problem posing model with scientific approach which are valid, practical, and effective. The development research using Thiagarajan model. Processing data for validation and practice can be done calculating the score average, while effectivity by use of t-test, proportion test, regression test, paired t-test, n-gain. The lesson plan is valid based on the average of validation scores syllabus 4,3, RPP 4,31, student book 4,24, LKPD 4,16, TKPM 4,19.  The lesson plan is practical based on the result of observation teacher ability 4,53 and student response 4,23. The

  11. PERILAKU KEPEMIMPINAN, KETERAMPILAN MANAJERIAL, MANAJEMEN KONFLIK, DAYA TAHAN STRES, DAN KINERJA GURU

    OpenAIRE

    Rudolf Kempa

    2016-01-01

    Leadership, Managerial Skills, Conflict Management, Stress-resilience Capacity, and Teachers' Performance. This article described the correlation between leadership' behavior, manage­rial skill, management conflict, and durability of teachers' job with teachers'working performance. The population of the study is the state elementary teachers in Ambon, from 142 state elementary schools. Proportional random sampling  technique is used resulted in 332 subjects in this study. In collecting the da...

  12. Pengaruh Strategi Pengembangan Mutu Dan Kompensasi Terhadap Kinerja Guru Di SMK MVP ARS Internasional Bandung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryana Suryana

    2016-11-01

      The Influence of Quality Development Strategy and Compensation on Teachers’ Performance at SMK MVP ARS International Bandung, is  a research to get to know the result of teacher’ quality development strategy, the compensastion for the teachers, the performance of teachers and the influence of the tachers’ development strategy and compensastion on teachers’ performance at SMK MVP ARS Internasional Bandung. The methods used in this research is qualitative methods where the analysis unit is population of teaching staff without sampling because all the teachers filled out the questionaires.Based on the result of research indicates that teachers’ quality development strategy at SMK MVP ARS International Bandung is correlated to the compensation received by the teachers. So it has positive effect on the teacher’s performance, techer’s quality development strategy and compensastion simultinuously influence on the teacher’s development. And partially compensation has larger influence on teahers’ performance than quality development.By using SPSS software, it is resulted; partially, the influence of teacher’s developement program on performance is 0,010 or 1% and compensation on teachers’ performance is 0,572 atau 57,20%, the value of influence in simultant between techers’ development and, compensation on teacher’s performance is0,329 or 32,90%, but the correlation between quality development strategy and compensation is  0,148%.   Key Words : Quality Development, Compensation and Performance

  13. Penerapan Teknologi Informasi Dan Komunikasi Sebagai Media Interaksi Guru-Siswa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Wiranto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe the application of information and communication technology as an interactive media for teacher and student in SMPN 1 Arjosari Pacitan. This is a qualitative research. This study used an ethnographic approach. This research took place in SMP 1 Arjosari Pacitan. Interviewees in this study were the Headmaster, Head of ICT Laboratory, Administrative staff, teachers and students. Col- lecting data used observations, interviews and documentation. The validity of the data was examined by using data triangulation.Data analysis used Milles and Huberman ver- sion employ data reduction, data drawing and conclusions and verification. The results in SMPN1 Arjosari showed that: (1 The development of the application of ICT still at the stage of Application. It is characterized by the educators and teachers who have been using Information Technology for tasks related to the management of school learning activities, however their use is not optimal. This school has not been able to maximize the implementation of ICT in learning. (2 The use of ICT in the assessment of learning outcomes is limited to the preparation administration course, not the process. Though the use of IT in learning outcomes assessment will provide a transformative experience for students. (3 There are three conditions which may encourage the application of ICT in learning and assessment at this school, Facilities and infrastructure are equiped with ICT, teachers are qualified as most are already certified educators, schools can choose to suit his students and undergone the implementation the implementation of Curriculum 2013 while threats factors are: the average age of teachers is more than 40 years so that spirit for self development is less encourging began to decline, the low economic back- ground of students, speed internet access which is not adequate, and the lack of special- ized personnel who handle ICT.

  14. RESEPSI KESADARAN BERBAHASA SECARA KRITIS DALAM AKTIVITAS PENULISAN FIKSI GURU DAN SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suminto Sayuti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the reception of critical language awareness (CLA in the fiction writing process among senior high school (SHS teachers and students. It was a content analysis supported by qualitative data collected through focus group discussions. The subjects were SHS teachers and students in Yogyakarta Special Territory. The data analysis in the process of interpreting meanings of their works was based on the CLA elements. The findings showed that their reception of CLA in fiction writing was reflected in both the process and the outcome. The teachers were still not optimal enough in developing methods, using media, and selecting the assessment system in the learning of fiction writing. Most of the students’ works did not reveal the awareness of the importance of language power and self-position as writers.

  15. KONTRIBUSI PERAN ORANGTUA DAN GURU MATA PELAJARAN TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN KREATIVITAS SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    QURRATA A'YUNA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Creative abilities of children can be improved through education, because creativity is the result of interaction between the individual and his environment. Parents and teachers are seen as the two parties conducting intensive interaction with the students, therefore their role is expected to contribute to the development of student creativity. But in fact, parents tend to observe and interpret their behavior in line with expectations and desires, to overestimate the ability of children, and send children to follow a variety of extra lessons to improve learning achievement and aspirations of child neglect. Similarly, the subject teachers in schools, generally they only focus on the subject matter of completeness, memory, and logical reasoning alone. This research aims to reveal (1 contribution to the development of parenting a child's creativity, (2 the contribution of the role of subject teachers to the development of children's creativity, and (3 the contribution of the role of parents and teachers of subjects together towards the development of children's creativity. Writing using the ex post-facto. The writing sample totaled 227 students. Sampling was done by using Proportional Random Sampling. Research carried out by administering the instruments to children. The data obtained and analyzed using SPSS version 10.0. The results showed that: (1 there is a significant contribution to the development of the role of the parent amounted to 15.4% of student creativity, (2 there is a significant contribution subjects the teacher's role to the development of students' creativity by 2%, and (3 there is a significant contribution role parents and teachers of subjects together towards the development of creativity students of SMP Negeri 1 Banda Aceh by 15%. From the findings of the study it can be concluded that parents and teachers either separately or together to contribute to the development of students' creativity, then it ought established a good synergy between the two so that students creativity can be developed.

  16. PROFESIONALISME GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DI ERA TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DAN KOMUNIKASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kartilawati K

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe globalization era, which is started from the information and communication technology, requires the professionalism of the workers including the teacher. Professionals are workers who have skill, ability, and realize if the profession has an responsibility in work. Therefore, the teacher should improve the professionalism. The information technology progress will be useless if the teachers feel skeptic for this progress. The teacher should have an attitude whether he/she accept or reject to information technology. Furthermore, wether the teacher accepts the role paradigm which has been shifted because of information technology progress or not. The utilization of information technology to provide teacher professionalism could be implemented by two ways, they are: 1 the use of computer programs such as Microsoft Word, Excel, and Power Point program to analyze the data and teaching media; and 2the use of internet as learning source, communication tool, and some information source through email, mailing list, facebook, and blog.  Keywords: professionalism, Islamic religion education teacher, information and communication technology

  17. PENGARUH PENGAWASAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU PADA SD NEGERI BINAAN TANJUNGPINANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satriadi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available upervision meant that assistance in the development of the teaching-learning situation in order to obtain better conditions. By there were oversight was expect to determine the success of an organization in setting goals. But in fact, this controls was often a problem for the leadership.The purpose of this research was determinedthe influence of supervision by heddmaster to teacher’s performance in the elementary school development at Tanjung Pinang city.The research of population was the headmaster and teachers at the elementary school Tanjungpinang city that were 144 people. They were have 100 teachers with headmaster key informants by 4 people, with kinds of sampling technique and then measured quantitatively by using Likert scale. The data had been collected through quesioners, interviews and observations were analyze with statistical analysis. The result of influence the level of supervision by the headmaster on the performance of elementary school teachers in Tanjungpinang city was moderate and indicated that therewere significant effects between supervision by the headmaster in performance of elementary school teachers at Tanjungpinang city.

  18. Peran Guru Bimbingan Konseling dalam Membina Kecerdasan Emosional dan Spiritual Siswa Berkebutuhan Khusus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adita Pramanasari dan Zainal Arifin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The background of this research is the need for Students with Special Needs (SBK in SMP PGRI will Pity the extra handling of teacher Counseling (BK in the development of Emotional and Spiritual Intelligence (ESQ. The results showed: First, SBK is emotionally not able to manage their emotions, but capable of fostering social relationships with both. Spiritually, SBK has not been able to practice well but was able to do good to both parents. Second, the role of teachers Counseling (BK in fostering ESQ as a communicator, facilitator, motivator, and advisor. Third, the implementation of the BK inhibiting factors includes the student's family background differences and differences in the characteristics of individual students. While supporting factors include: BK teacher morale in providing guidance and mentoring and guardians

  19. PhishGuru: A System for Educating Users about Semantic Attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-14

    phishing email spoofing the organization Citibank . The ‘sender’ address is masqueraded to look as though it comes from ‘citibank.com,’ but in reality it...a 9 phishing website and not to the legitimate Citibank website. Phishers generally use open relays or zombie machines to send out the phishing...Very soon phishers learned that they could 10 Figure 2.1: Example of a phishing email spoofing the organization Citibank . Highlights the important

  20. IDENTIFIKASI KOMPETENSI GURU SEBAGAI CERMINAN PROFESIONALISME TENAGA PENDIDIK DI KABUPATEN SUMEDANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reni Fahdini

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explore the professional competence of elementary school teachers certified in Sumedang district. The study was conducted in the form of a survey in urban areas Sumedang district with a population of 592 elementary school teachers and 60 teachers certified as research samples. Total Respondents are 180 people consisting of 60 persons certified elementary school teachers, 60 peers who have not been certified, and 60 principals who captured data through questionnaires. Data were processed and analyzed with the rating scale measurement techniques and SPSS 16, and obtained the following results: 1 rating scale analysis results indicate that the professional competence of certified teachers in the Sumedang district, four aspects are in the 'ENOUGH' category and one aspect is in the 'LESS' category, and 2 the results of the attitude scale analysis using SPSS 16 shows that the professional competence of certified teachers in the Sumedang district are in 'GOOD' category, but this condition is far from the 'PROFESSIONAL' category. Keywords: competence, professional, teacher, certificated, sumedang.

  1. PERSEPSI SISWA ATAS PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGAJAR GURU DAN PENGELOLAAN KELAS TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Partono

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The statements of the problem are (1 How is the student’s perception due to  teacher’s ability in teaching on 2nd in class administration office education program at Palebon Vocational School Semarang (2 How is the student’s perception due to the class management toward students’ learning achievement  on 2nd class in Vocational School Palebon Semarang?, (3 How is the student’s perception due to teacher’s ability in  teaching and class management toward students’ learning achievement  on 2nd class in  administration office education program at Palebon Vocational School Semarang, the objectives of this research are : (1 to analyze the student’s perception due to the influence of teacher’s skill in teaching  toward learning achievement on 2nd class at Vocational School Palebon Semarang. (2 to analyze the student’s perception due to the influence class management toward learning achievement on 2nd class in Vocational School Palebon Semarang. (3 to analyze the student’s perception due to the ability of teaching and class management toward learning achievement on 2nd class administration office education program in Palebon Vocational School Semarang. The population of this research was students of 2nd class in office administration program with the number was 60 students. Result of study showed that the ability of learning and class management was in a good category. This can be seen from the percentage of 61,7%.  Teaching and class management was 58,3%, it was a very good category. Thus, The research gave a significant contribution towards learning achievement with multiple regression analysis: from the a regression analysis equality Y =  4,937 + 0,020 X1 +  0,024X2. The percentage effect of teaching ability towards learning achievement according determination coeficient value is 32,4%. Based on the result above, it can be concluded that student’s perception by the ability of learning  was in a very good category for 61,7 %. Besides that, the influence of teaching ability and class management was 10,3%. Thus, it is suggested that teachers should improve their teaching method, and can apply the teaching equipment and media. Key words: management class, teacher’s ability in teaching

  2. Healthcare reform. Is the NHS ready for US business guru's strategy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavendish, Will; Edwards, Nigel; Swindells, Matthew; Henke, Nicolaus; Robinson, Edna; Smith, Richard

    2006-12-07

    The central argument of the new book by renowned US academics Michael Porter and Elizabeth Olmsted Teisberg is that the US health system is broken because rather than improving quality and efficiency, it focuses on budgetary battles. HSJ gathered together six leading healthcare insiders to discuss whether his diagnosis is applicable to the NHS. Nick Edwards was there.

  3. ANALISIS META PADA MANAJEMEN PASCA PELATIHAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS GURU DI SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Sudana

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Post in-service training programs of teachers have never been evaluated to investigate their effectiveness and productivity. Some factors are indicated to affect unmeasured productivity of the program: (1 there is no a clear procedure in evaluating productity of in-service training program, (2 there is no standardized procedures to evaluate teacher performance, (3 a complex teachers' background make evaluation instrument is difficult to be developed, (4 trainings have not been based on teachers needs, (5 training content could not be implemented, and (6 monotonous methode were usually employed. However, this research investigated seven advantages: (1 School productivity is improved, (2 relationship between management and staff is in harmony, (3 a faster  decision making is achieved, (4 a high commitment and motivation for school community, (5 to push more open management through implementation of participative managerial, (6 more effective communication, and (7 a functional conflict resolution. The advantages for teacher: (1 help teacher to make a better decision making, (2 to help teacher to solve problems, (3 motivational factors are internalized and operationalized, (4 to develop teacher to improve performance, (5 to help teacher to be a self confidence teacher, (6 to help teacher to acquire intellectual and technical ability, (7 to improve teacher's work satisfaction, (8 more   recognition on individual performance, (9 more independent teachers, and (10 lessen teacher's anxious toface future. Kata Kunci: Strategi manajemen, pascapelatihan, produktivitas.

  4. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI GURU, MOTIVASI BELAJAR, DAN LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Sutardi

    2016-12-01

    HOME ENVIRONMENT ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN ECONOMICS IN SMA Abstract This study aims to reveal the effects of teacher competency, learning motivation, and home environment  on students’ learning achievement. This study was associative research employing quantitative data. The research population was all senior high school students of class XI social group in 45 public and private high schools in Yogyakarta City. The student sample of 122 students was established by using the proportional random sampling area technique. The data were collected by using a questionnaire for teachers’ competency, learning motivation, home environment, and documentation for learning achievement variable. The testing of the instrument validity was done through expert judgment and factor analysis, while the reliability testing used Alfa CronbachThe result of this study shows that: (1 teachers’ competency shows significant effects on students’ learning achievement with the effective contribution (R of 6.1%; (2 learning motivation shows significant effects on students’ learning achievement with the effective contribution (R2 of 36.8%; (3 home environment shows significant effects on students’ learning achievement with the effective contribution (R2 of 4.1%; (4 teachers’ competency, learning motivation and home environment together show positive and significant effects on students’ learning achievement with the effective contribution (R of 41.4%. This means that the independent variables teachers’ competency, learning motivation, and home environment  effects on students’ learning achievement partially and together.

  5. Pelatihan Penyusunan Bahan Ajar Bahasa Indonesia bagi Guru Smp/Mts di Surakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftakhul Huda

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This training has several goals, namely to open insights, and observers of Indonesian teachers about gender equality in everyday life, giving insight to analyze the value of inequality/ gender equality, and compile teaching materials Indonesian perspective of gender equality. Implementation of this training method is applied in two stages: the preparation stage and implementation stage. Preparation stage includes internal coordination (: preparatory concepts, preparation of materials and the coordination of external (: contacting a speaker, contact the PDM Surakarta, Surakarta Dikspora contacted, and invited the school. Implementation stage is the stage of core training employed by interactive lectures, questions and answers, and tutorials. Training lasted for one day and 13 participants attended junior secondary school teachers. Based on analysis of implementation of teacher understand the preparation of teaching materials Indonesian gender perspective. This is evident from the responses of the material, examples, and instructional materials containing ilutrasi gender inequality.

  6. Interaksi Guru dengan Orang Tua Siswa Era Perang dan Damai di Aceh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saifuddin Saifuddin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to analyze social interactions between teachers and parents during the era of war and peace in Aceh. This study employs qualitative method. During the war, the educational institution was one of the institutions which was affected badly. Social integration was so weak that interactions among parents of students, teachers and students were unstable. Within the war situation, social interactions were badly influenced hatred, suspicion, and revenge. The social interaction outside the school was contagious to that inside the school. But when the peace memorandum was signed on August 15, 2005, between the Indonesian government and Independence Aceh Movement (GAM, social interactions in schools began to show significant changes. When the war ended, people began to interact and socialize in good faith. Social interactions involving parents of students and teachers were also changing towards social stability and harmony so that they could inter-act without the feelings of fear, suspicion and revenge. Peace accord means that the enmity has significantly reduced. Hence, the teachers are effectively playing their fundamental role in teaching and socializing the younger generation of Acehnese.

  7. KONTRIBUSI GURU PAI DALAM PEMBINAAN ETIKA BERPAKAIAN ISLAMI SISWA SMAN KOTA SABANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mujiburrahman Mujiburrahman

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Coaching Islamic dress is one of the tasks that must be implemented by Islamic education knowledge (Pendidikan Agama Islam/PAI teachers, both in school and out of school. Contribution PAI teachers are expected to have relevance to the role of educators in Islam, so that the teacher's role in fostering ethical PAI Islamic dress can give a good change to students. This research was conducted at SMAN Sabang, which is considered representative for the study, because students and teachers are very homogeneous, tribes, nations and religions. This research is a qualitative research with method of collecting data through interviews, observation and document study. The researcher found that 1 Ethics dress that is set the school has met the criteria of Islamic dress code; but students’ practicing islamic dress both in school and out of school is less than perfect. 2 the contribution of PAI teachers in coaching dress code is good. 3 In coaching, PAI teachers have enabling and inhibiting factors, so that there are students who still dress out of school environment do not meet the criteria of Islamic dress.

  8. HUBUNGAN RASA PERCAYA PADA GURU DENGAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR PADA ANAK JALANAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cut Dhiya Amalina

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Street children tend to rule out education due to economic and environmental factors. Role of parents who are not obtained, making the role of the teacher as a substitute which are believed to motivate children to learn. The aim of this study is to measure relationship of trust in teachers with learning motivation on street children. This study used quantitative approach with purposive sampling technique, involving 44 street children from level III in elementary school to level III in senior high school. The study was conducted at UPTD (Regional Technical Unit Rumoh Seujahtera Aneuk Nanggroe under the auspices of Social Service of Aceh province. Data collection method used is Trust Scale consists of 15 item with reliability of 0.823 and Learning Motivation Scale consists of 18 item with the reliability of 0.780. Methods of analysis using Pearson correlation technique with coefficient correlation r = 0.319 and p <0.035 (p <0,05. The results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between trust in teachers with learning motivation on street children, thus the higher the trust in the teacher, the better the child’s motivation to learn

  9. Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Motivasi Kerja, dan Budaya Sekolah Terhadap Kinerja Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Setiyati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine: (1 the influence of principals’ leadership, work motivation, and school culture on the performance of State Vocational High School teachers in Gunungkidul Regency, (2 the influence of principal’s leadership on the teachers’ performance (3 the influence of job motivation on the teachers’ performance, (4 the influence of school culture on the teachers’ performance. The study was a quantitative descriptive study. The population of the study were 753 teachers of State Vocational High School teachers in Gunungkidul regency. The results of the data analysis showed (1 there is positive and very significant influence of the principal’s leadership, work motivation, and school cultures on the teachers’ performance with the percentage of 42,2 % (2 there is positive and very significant influence of the of principal’s leadership on the teacher’s performance with the percentage of 18,22% (3 there is positive and very significant influence of work motivation on the teachers’ performance with the percentage of 13,03% (4 there is positive and very significant influence of school culture on the teachers’ performance with the percentage of 10,94%.

  10. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERSEPSI PROFESIONALISME GURU PAI DAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR PAI DENGAN PEMBENTUKAN KEPRIBADIAN PESERTA DIDIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Prasetiya

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The study also sought to determine the contribution of students' perceptions about the professionalism of teachers and learning motivation of Islamic religious education to the formation of the Islamic Personality of learners. Together the students' perception of the professionalism of teachers and learning motivation of Islamic religious education related to the establishment of the Islamic Personality. Results of multivariate analysis with multiple regression which has a dominant role and significantly associated with the formation of the Islamic personality, that students' perceptions about the professionalism of teachers and learning motivation of Islamic religious education. Party authorities and teachers are expected to pay attention to these factors either the professionalism of teachers and learning motivation of Islamic religious education, so as to support the achievement of the formation of Islam with a good personality. The results could be implicated to learners in particular to improve the professionalism of teachers and learning motivation of Islamic religious education in order to overcome the obstacles in penguasaaan science of Islamic education in the formation of the Islamic personality.

  11. Perilaku Kerja Guru Bimbingan Konseling Laki-Laki dan Perempuan Tingkat SLTA di Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Widhi Andangsari

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Article presented performance behaviour among high school teachers in Jakarta, especially in their roles as counsellor based on the government’s qualification and competences, especially in their empathy and persuasion. The research also wants to see the difference between male and female teachers’ behaviour as counsellor, so that the schools are more serious in selecting and developing their teacher counsellor. Using DISC assessment tool for 68 teachers, consisting of 14 male and 54 female teachers, it is indicated that 26,47% of them meet the government qualification, those are both empathy and persuasion qualifications. Empathy qualification is possessed by male and female teachers, even male teacher is more persuasive than male teacher who have dominant communication behaviour. In general, the research presents 13 behaviour styles.

  12. HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI SISWA TENTANG GURU MATEMATIKA DENGAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Najichun

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to know the relationship between student perception towards mathematics teacher with mathematics academic performace. The population of the study were all students of class VIII SMPN 8 Cirebon in the academic year 2014/2015, with the number of students 287 people. The sampling technique used proportional random sampling, and the sample size was 56 students. Data collection techniques used: 1 Questionnaire of Perceptions towards Mathematics teacher, and 2 The results of student mathematics learning test. The result of correlation analysis show no significant correlation between students perception towards teacher and academic performance (r= .155, p= .254.

  13. PENINGKATAN PROFESIONALISME GURU TEKNOLOGI KEJURUAN MELALUI KETERAMPILAN MERANCANG DAN MENGEMBANGKAN MULTIMEDIA INTERAKTIF OFFLINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahid Munawar

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Teaching­ learning in Vocational Schools are mostly Delivered in conventional method, rote learning, demonstration, and practicing using guide book. As indicated in teaching Teknologi Dasar teacher uses conventionsl method, although he/she still uses blackboard, trainer kits in two dimensions. Consequently, students have difficulties in coping conceptual concept that describing process and misconception is emerged. This verbalistic technology teaching will have implication on students inability to compete with other school leavers. Therefore, alternative strategy of learning need to be investigated in order to prepare students to work in work place through multimedia teaching. Innovative learning by using offline interactive multimedia will contribute on learning technology and it reduces misconception and verbalistic technology in school. Offline Interactive Multimedia was designed through five phases: (1 product analysis, (2 product development, (3 experts judgement and revision, (4 field validation, (5 revision and validation for wider subject and final product. Kata kunci: multimedia interaktif offline, kompetensi profesional

  14. Dampak Pornografi Terhadap Perilaku Siswa dan Upaya Guru Pembimbing untuk Mengatasinya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mulya Hariyani

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Easily access movies / videos porno allows teens / students freely watch, causing a tendency for teens / students to watch porn movies over and over - again. This leads to difficulty concentrating in learning, resulting in lower student learning outcomes. This study aims to reveal how the effects of pornography on adolescent sexual behavior / student. This study used a descriptive approach. The results showed that the impact of pornography on sexual behavior so students, in this case the tutor is not optimal (low in the prevention efforts so that students are not accessing pornography

  15. Kerjasama Guru Bimbingan dan Konseling dengan Orangtua dalam Pengentasan Masalah Siswa Menonton Video Porno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hotnarida Witasari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research shows that, Padangsidimpuan Public Senior High School 3 students’ behavior of watching porn video occured during teaching and learning process, during break time and when they getting bored with the routine activities. The media they use to watch porn video is handphone and Laptop. The problems found  are parents prefer hide the problem, the lackness of facility given by the headmaster, and the lackness of parents’ understanding on the importance of this cooperation.

  16. NUANSA POLITISASI DALAM PELAKSANAAN TUGAS GURU SEBAGAI DAMPAK DARI DESENTRALISASI PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afriantoni Afriantoni

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractEducation Decentralization is a fact that cannot be denied in the national system of education. Therefore, educational settings are vulnerable towards political policy played by the government that makes the government have a very dominant authority in determining the direction of education including teacher’s duty. As educators, the teachers should have professional competence, pedagogic, personality, social that can make them professional teachers. Therefore, politicizing tendency is not expected to interfere with the professional duties of teachers. As a consequency, the strategies that lead to improve the quality and welfare of teachers are necessarily needed. Keywords: Politicization, Teacher, Education decentralization

  17. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI GURU PADA SMP NEGERI 2 SIMEULUE TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Purwanti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master leadership has an important role in improving teacher’s competence. The purpose of this study is to know the program of the school headmaster in improving the teacher’s competence, the strategy and the policy of head master in improving the competence of teachers. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. The data were collected from interviews, observations, and documentations. The subject of the study were the school head master, vice of the school head master, senior teacher, chairman of MGMPs, and teachers. The results show that (1 the school head master program is structured as a reference to enhance the competence of teachers, which is implemented on the teachers empowerment. The empowerment of the teachers program is implemented through engaging the teachers as decision maker and training them to be responsible for the school development through formulating program by teachers and school staffs. (2 the the principal strategy to improve the competence of teachers conducted through some efforts such as training the teachers and skill for the teachers, giving motivation and guiding discipline education. (3the policy of the school head master in improving the teachers competence being carried out was by involving the teachers in arranging vision and mission, the school target, formulate the school curriculum. The school head master give the opportunity to the teachers to be actively participate, open minded, and cooperate in reaching the school vision.

  18. BUDAYA ORGANISASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA SMA NEGERI 1 SIMEULUE TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurman Jurman

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available One of influencing factors in improving the teachers performance is organization culture. This study aims to know the discipline training pattern, the assumption of the importance of organization culture in improving the teachers performance and motivation, and inhibiting factors in improving the teachers performance at SMAN 1 East Simeulue of Simeulue sub-district. This study is qualitative descriptive approach. The technique of the data collection were through observations, interviews, and documentation. The subjects of the study were head master of the school, teachers, and school committee. The analysis of the research shows that (1 Fostering discipline in improving the teacher performance at SMAN 1 East Simeulue is by referring to the decided rules, whether both statutory regulations and school rules. The discipline approach was being conducted gradually started from decided job description, conducted persuasive approach, supervised the teaching-learning process, and guiding the teachers’ task, and giving impose sanctions in accordance with the offense level. (2 A system of giving motivation to the teachers in improving their performance is being conducted through giving the unbinding, good service, career promotion, training opportunities, providing services on safety and convenience of the teacher task . (3 The inhibiting factor in improving the teacher performance is the lack of the school rule socialization, lack of coordination , in effective communication amongst personnel, and lack of involvement of the school committee in deciding the school policy.

  19. PENGEMBANGAN BUKU PEGANGAN GURU TAMAN KANAK-KANAK DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suharti Suharti

    2013-02-01

    the data trustworthiness was enhanced using the method and source triangulation techniques. The results show the following. (1 Javanese is used as an additional medium of instruction in several kindergartens and most of them use Indonesian. (2 Students’ Javanese competence is very low and teachers’ competence is relatively low because at home they use Indonesian mixed with Javanese vocabulary. (3 Important Javanese language aspects for kindergarten students are those related to politeness, environment introduction, clothing, traditional foods, arts, and customs.

  20. PELATIHAN PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS WEB BAGI GURU SMP DAN SMA MUHAMMADIYAH KARTASURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Supriyono

    2015-09-01

    of the teachers by conducting fundamental web development training. Firstly, a webbased volley ball learning media had been developed by using HTML5. The application has some useful features such as theoretical preview of volley ball and its technique including visualisation using graph, picture and video. Secondly, in the web development training session, a content management system (CMS Wordpress was used as a paltform so that participants did not need to develop web from scratch. The post-tes quesionnaire results showed that all participants have knowledge and skill to use a web-based volley ball learning media and also they have acquired basic skill in web development.

  1. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN PENGALAMAN DIKLAT TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antiek Yurnaningsih

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of� this research is to determine the level of� influence between headmaster leader- ship and trainning experience on proffesional competance in senior high school economics/ accountancy teachers Kudus ditrict simultaneously and partially. Populations that used in this research is all of� the economics/accountancy teachers in senior high school Kudus dis- trict (51 people. Methods of� data collection are documentation, questionnaire, and interview. Methods of� data analysis is descriptive and hypothesis testing using multiple linear regression analysis. Headmaster leadership and trainning experience simultaneously affect the proffe- sional competance (40,7%, headmaster leadership partially affect the proffesional competance (17,22% and partially affected the trainning experience of� teacher�s proffesional competance (32,26%.

  2. PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG DIGITAL NATIVES, SUMBER BELAJAR DIGITAL DAN MOTIVASI MEMANFAATKAN SUMBER BELAJAR DIGITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinandus Bate Dopo

    2016-06-01

    TEACHER’S PERCEPTION OF DIGITAL NATIVES, DIGITAL LEARNING RESOURCES AND MOTIVATION TO UTILIZE DIGITAL LEARNING RESOURCES Abstract This study aims to reveal (1 the influence of teacher's perception of digital natives toward teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. (2 the influence of teacher's perception of digital learning resources toward teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources and (3 the influence both of teacher's perception of digital natives and digital learning resources toward teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. This study used the descriptive-correlational quantitative approach. The Population and sample were high school teachers of Regina Pacis Bajawa, SMA Seminari Mataloko and SMA Negeri 1 Golewa. Sampling technique in this research was proportional random sampling. A questionnaire was used to obtain the data. The data were analyzed using the Likert scale. The instrument was developed based on lattice theory of assessment instruments relevant to the study variables. The analysis technique used is a regression followed by statistic technique of t test and F test with the significance level of 0.05. The results are as follows. (1 There is a positive and significant influence of teacher's perception of digital natives toward teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. (2 There is a positive and significant influence of teacher's perception of digital learning resources and teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. (3 There is a positive and significant influence both of teacher's perception of digital learning resources and teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. Keywords: perception, digital natives, digital learning resources, motivation

  3. Upaya Guru Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Mencegah Perilaku Bullying di SMA Negeri Se Kota Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riri Yunika

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bullying is a behavior consciously done by someone to abuse and hurt others. Ideally, the guidance and counseling teachers (BK teachersare demanded to give attentions in preventing bullying behavior. However, in fact, the BK teachers have not plan special programs yet to prevent the bullying behavior among students in school. This research aims to describe the understanding of BK teachers about the concept of bullying behavior. Then, it aims to describe the treatment of the BK given by the teachers to the students. Finally, it aims to describe the cooperation among the BK teachers within the school. This research is kind of descriptive research. The population of this research is all of the BK teachers of SMA Negeri (State school for secondary education in Padang. Sample is taken by using area sampling and simple random sampling techniques. Generally, the result implicates that the BK teachers have done preventing efforts toward bullying behavior among students in the school. Thus, the teachers should increase the understanding in reference to bullying behavior among students to prevent the behavior in school.

  4. PERENCANAAN PEMBELAJARAN GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DALAM MATERI PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DI KABUPATEN PASURUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amang Fathurrohman

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available PAI learning plan is one step that must be done by the teacher before the process of teaching and learning in the classroom. This study will reveal the various measures undertaken by teachers PAI in Pasuruan, good preparation before teaching, planning the teaching materials, instructional media planning, as well as obstacles and solutions done by teachers in lesson planning PAI. This study was conducted in 11 primary level institutions in Pasuruan. The results of this study indicate that in preparation for primary level teachers to teach PAI always prepare learning tools, materials, strategies / methods, media, evaluation of learning, as well as the mental in the teaching process. Associated with the planning of teaching materials, teacher primary schools in Pasuruan always refer to and adapt to the RPP / learning device that has been designed, preparing / selecting methods, strategies, and plan the implementation of the delivery of content, prepare media, in search of materials (internet, magazines, newspapers, reference books, look at the class level / ability of the students. For the planning of teaching media selection, PAI teachers will adjust to the theme of the submitted materials and make use of the media is available at school or in the school's neighborhood. Associated with the constraints that are found in the planning process was influenced by teachers, students, institutions, and school environment.

  5. Implementasi Program Sertifikasi Guru dalam Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan ( Study Kasus di Kabupaten Aceh Utara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhafni Nurhafni

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Law No 14/ 2005 on teacher certification is one of the efforts to the government to enhance professionalism of teachers. However, the reality is that the implementation of the program in NAD province has face many obstacles. One of the factor, is the condition on the ground in the wake of the conflict and tsunami disaster, which is still characterized by multiplicity of crises. Findings of the study indicate that teacher certification program has shifted in value. First is initial goal was to increase teacher’s professional development, but today, the objective has shifted to increasing teacher’s welfare. To that end, the main objective of teacher certification program has not been achieved. Thus, the existence of teacher certification program does not have any influence on teacher quality. Moreover, the law on teacher certification, has in part been influenced by political vested interests, which is the why the program is not based on god political will of the government to increase teacher professionalism.

  6. Hubungan Konsep Diri dan Kepuasan Kerja dengan Sikap Guru dalam Proses Belajar-Mengajar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hj. Zahera Sy.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this correlational study was to test the relationship between teachers' self concept and work satisfaction, and their attitudes toward teaching-learning process. The sample consisted of 102 teachers taken purposively from 8 State Senior High Schools (SMUN out of 15 State Senior High Schools (SMUN in Palembang Municipality. The data were collected by questionnaire. It could be concluded that there was a positive correlation between teachers' self concept and work satisfaction, and their attitudes toward learning-teaching process. It was suggested that there be a counseling or other special traetments for teachers with negative self concept

  7. PROFESIONALITAS GURU MENURUT M. QURAISH SHIHAB DALAM TAFSIR AL-MISHBAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amiruddin Siahaan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Teacher’s Professionalism in M. Quraish Shihab’s Tafsir al-Mishbah. This study aims to reveal Quranic verses related to teacher’s professionalism. The verses are interpreted through Tafsir al-Mishbah the works of M. Quraish Shihab. This research is a library research and categorise as qualitative research. The method use is thematic method (maudhû‘i which collecting the verses of al-Qur’an that tell about the teacher’s professionalism. Then to uncover the meanings and symbols use in the verses of al-Qur’an which formulate the teachers’ profesionalisms, the authors use linguistics, semiotics, hermeneutics and psychology approaches. The result of the research showed that the formation of the teachers’ professionalism in Tafsir al-Mishbah concept can be done through, building teachers’ profesionalism competencies based on Islamic values, creating conducive learning and Islamic values characteristics, creating effective learning with Islamic characteristics, and supporting the purposes of national education with development of teachers’ profesionalism competencies.

  8. KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM (PAI DI SEKOLAH UMUM TINGKAT SMA/ SMK KABUPATEN MAGELANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaka Siswanta

    2012-12-01

    SMK. Observation and interview was applied to collect the data. The finding of the research showed that: 1 from 11 teachers, ten are graduated from Islamic teacher education and one from Syariah. They have more than ten year experiences in teaching. 2 They all have religious, social, and professional religious background. 3 The dominant factor influences their professional competence is on teaching experiences and motivation on doing their job.

  9. PEMANFAATAN BUKU TEKS OLEH GURU DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH: STUDI KASUS DI SMA NEGERI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darwati Darwati

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Textbooks have an important meaning for teachers. Textbooks can serve as a source of learning and teaching history, because in it there is material, illustrations, and a variety of evaluation, so that learning objectives can be achieved in an optimal history. The first selection of textbooks criteria is based on the relevance of the material contained in a text book with the structure of the curriculum. The next criterion is completeness of the material, number of illustrations, and a diverse training and evaluation. In learning history, there are two types of utilization of textbooks, namely the use of textbooks that students already have the book and the use of textbooks to students who do not have. In the schools that their students have no textbooks, textbooks used in a way lent to students. Constraints in the use of textbooks are a relatively expensive price, there is no actually discourse of history, limited number of books, the library utilization is not optimal, and the limited use of information techno-logy of the Internet. These constraints are also factors that hinder the maximum use of textbooks. .   Key words: textbooks, teacher of history, learning history  

  10. Gestión oriental y occidental: un acercamiento a los grandes gurues e ideas empresariales

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez López, Gerladyne; Amín Perafan, Julio Cesar; Barriga Gómez, Mateo

    2013-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se describen los aportes más destacados de algunos de los gurúes representativos del ámbito administrativo Oriental y Occidental. En Occidental se cuenta con el legado de Henry Ford, Philip Kotler, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Henry Fayol, Michael Porter, Peter Drucker y Steve Jobs. En Oriente, los gurúes son Akio Morita, Edwards Deming, Kaoru Ishikawa, Familia Toyoda, Masaaki Imai y Taiichi Ohno. A partir de ello, se hacen comparaciones entre las tendencias de administ...

  11. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PRESTASI BELAJAR DAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN MATEMATIKA PADA MAHASISWA CALON GURU SD/MI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ifada Novikasari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Mathematics anxiety has been recognized as a feeling depressed and anxious when it deals with the manipulation of numbers and mathematical problem solving in the real life and the academic situations. The anxiety tend to occur in someone with low mathematical ability. That is, individuals with low mathematics anxiety more comfort to solve the problem than someone who has high anxiety. It is interesting to examine, because it will be proved whether there is a relationship between learning achievement and mathematics anxiety

  12. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PRESTASI BELAJAR DAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN MATEMATIKA PADA MAHASISWA CALON GURU SD/MI

    OpenAIRE

    Ifada Novikasari

    2017-01-01

    Mathematics anxiety has been recognized as a feeling depressed and anxious when it deals with the manipulation of numbers and mathematical problem solving in the real life and the academic situations. The anxiety tend to occur in someone with low mathematical ability. That is, individuals with low mathematics anxiety more comfort to solve the problem than someone who has high anxiety. It is interesting to examine, because it will be proved whether there is a relationship between learning achi...

  13. STRATEGI GURU DALAM MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR PAI PADA SISWA BERKEBUTUHAN KHUSUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoga Sari Prabowo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Motivation to learn is the power (power motivation and the driving force (driving force, or tool builder willingness and strong desire for self-learners for active learning, creative, effective and innovative and enjoyable in a change of behavior in both the cognitive, affective and psychomotor. So that motivation to learn is possessed by the learners, the teachers are required expertise in determining appropriate strategies in learning so as to motivate the learners, both internally and externally. If learners are motivated to learn by itself will have an impact on the process and the expected learning outcomes and can be used as a basis to know ketercapian purpose of learning by learners.

  14. PERSEPSI DAN SIKAP GURU TENTANG PENDAYAGUNAAN MEDIA JEJARING SOSIAL DALAM PEMBELAJARAN

    OpenAIRE

    Aditya Chandra Setiawan; Bambang Budi Wiyono; Burhanuddin Burhanuddin,

    2017-01-01

    One of the phenomenon in the 20th century that is currently being discussed is about emerging and the development of many social networking media. The media is now a trend all over among the people regardless of age, it is because social networking media provides convenience services in communicating, in particular interact and share information between human. If associated in the context of education, then social networking media to be one of the means of communication that can be utilized i...

  15. PERSEPSI DAN SIKAP GURU TENTANG PENDAYAGUNAAN MEDIA JEJARING SOSIAL DALAM PEMBELAJARAN

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Aditya Chandra Setiawan; Bambang Budi Wiyono; Burhanuddin Burhanuddin

    2017-01-01

    .... The media is now a trend all over among the people regardless of age, it is because social networking media provides convenience services in communicating, in particular interact and share information between human...

  16. PERILAKU KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM PENINGKATAN PARTISIPASI KERJA GURU DI SDN WATUKARUNG PRINGKUKU PACITAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh Teguh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Teachers who can help the leadership task optimally, it needs a leader who is able to direct and adjust the behavior of subordinates to achieve organizational goals to the fullest. This is a qualitative research, and an ethnographic design. Object of research are teachers of Watukarung elementary school. Interviewees in this study include the principal and teachers of Watukarung elementary school. Data collection are observations, interviews, and documentations. Validity data tested by triangulation. Site analysis Data. The results showed that: (1 the principal Watukarung elementary school in an effort to increase labor participation of teachers use a variety of styles in his leadership; (2 the principal Watukarung elementary school in an effort to increase labor force participation by using a democratic leadership style, discretionary, charismatic, participative and sometimes militaristic, it can be determined strategies undertaken; and (3 the principal of Watukarung elementary school in an effort increase in labor participation received very good response from teachers, school employees and even all citizens, it is because the principal made in accordance with desired by subordinates.

  17. PENGARUH PEMBELAJARAN AKUNTANSI BERBASIS SAK IFRS DAN SELF-EFFICACY TERHADAP KESIAPAN MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU AKUNTANSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raeni Raeni

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The research was inspired by students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers with the rapid progress of science and technology and also free-market for workers. The objective of the study was to test the influence of Accounting learning based on SAK IFRS and self-efficacy toward students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers. The population of the research were Accounting education students in classess of 2010 until 2012. Thus, it used proportionate stratified random sampling. The respondents were 85 students in class 2010, 123 students in class 2011 and 154 students in class 2012. Then, the data were analyzed by percentage descriptive and doubled linear regression. The result of regression analysis showed that 1 Accounting learning based on SAK IFRS and self-efficacy contibuted positively and significantly for 52.4% toward students’ readiness to be Accounting students, 2 there was a positive and significant influence of Accounting learning based on SAK IFRS for 26.2% toward students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers, 3 there was a positive and significant influence of self-efficacy for 16.32% toward students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers. The familiarity level for learning Accounting based on SAK IFRS was high with the progress of science and technology and also full adoption from IFRS.

  18. IMPLIKASI BANTUAN OPERASIONAL SEKOLAH (BOS) BUKU TERHADAP KREATIVITAS GURU MENULIS BUKU MODUL

    OpenAIRE

    Isharijadi, Isharijadi

    2016-01-01

    This  research  serves  an analysis  as to empirically   explain  the implementation    of School Operational Grant  (BOS)  for books from government and  its relevance   towards  the teachers' creativeness in writing   books  and  modules.   School  Operational   Grant  for books  is intended    to  ease   students’ parents   in  providing    books   for  their children.Teachers, as the front-liners for the students' learning development, are attempted to creatively provide the  sufficient l...

  19. PEMECAHAN MASALAH SPASIAL MATEMATIS CALON GURU MATEMATIKA DITINJAU DARI LANGKAH-LANGKAH PEMECAHAN MASALAH POLYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiki Alghadari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Studi ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kendala yang dihadapi subjek studi dalam menyelesaikan masalah spasial dengan mengaplikasikan langkah-langkah umum pemecahan masalah dari Polya. Objek studi yaitutulisan jawaban penyelesaian tes kemampuan pemecahan masalah spasial matematis yang dibuat oleh subjek. Subjek studi ini adalah tiga orangmahasiswa tahun pelajaran 2015/2016.Pengumpulan data menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Analisisdifokuskan pada beberapa tulisan jawaban oleh subjek. Kelemahan subjek pada kemampuan pemecahan masalah spasial terlihat pada kekeliruanberimajinasi membentuk mental image membayangkanspatial imageryatau visual imagerydalam pemikirannya,sehingga subjek perempuan gagal membuat transformasi spasialdengan benar. Kegagalan ini merupakan masalah padakemampuan visualisasi spasialdan akan berdampak pula pada gagalnya memecahkan masalah spasial. Hasil analisis yang tidak konsisten ditemukan antara analisis tes pertama dan yang kedua, karena kualitas tes memang berbeda secara spasial.

  20. Peran Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Pada Guru Pegawai Negeri Sipil (PNS di Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatwa Tentama

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The problems faced by organizations is employee performance tends to decline over time resulting ineffectiveness of the organization. One of the factors that affect performance is job satisfaction. This study aims to determine empirically the correlation between job satisfaction and performance of the civil servant teachers. Subjects were 29 civil service teachers both male and female who become permanent employees and has worked at least 1 year in SLB Negeri 1 Bantul Yogyakarta. Data were collected using the Job Satisfaction Scale and the Performance Scale. Pearson’s product moment correlation were used to test the relationship between job satisfaction and teacher performance. The results showed that there is a significant positive correlation between job satisfaction and performance of the civil servant teachers (rxy= .551; p= .001. The more satisfied the teachers, the higher their performance.

  1. PENGARUH PEMBELAJARAN AKUNTANSI BERBASIS SAK IFRS DAN SELF-EFFICACY TERHADAP KESIAPAN MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU AKUNTANSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raeni Raeni

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The research was inspired by students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers with the rapid progress of science and technology and also free-market for workers. The objective of the study was to test the influence of Accounting learning based on SAK IFRS and self-efficacy toward students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers. The population of the research were Accounting education students in classess of 2010 until 2012. Thus, it used proportionate stratified random sampling. The respondents were 85 students in class 2010, 123 students in class 2011 and 154 students in class 2012. Then, the data were analyzed by percentage descriptive and doubled linear regression. The result of regression analysis showed that 1 Accounting learning based on SAK IFRS and self-efficacy contibuted positively and significantly for 52.4% toward students’ readiness to be Accounting students, 2 there was a positive and significant influence of Accounting learning based on SAK IFRS for 26.2% toward students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers, 3 there was a positive and significant influence of self-efficacy for 16.32% toward students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers. The familiarity level for learning Accounting based on SAK IFRS was high with the progress of science and technology and also full adoption from IFRS.

  2. PENGARUH TATA RUANG DAN KOMUNIKASI INTERN TERHADAP EFEKTIVITAS KERJA GURU DI SMK NEGERI 9 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ade Rustiana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Office layout is a method to formulate spatial, tools, layout, and their physical environment that aims to provide a means for teachers and internal communications are an important means to unify the direction and the views and thoughts among teachers and between teachers with the Head of School, so create cohesion in the work. This research aims: 1 to determine whether there is any spatial effect on the effectiveness of teachers 'work; 2 to determine whether there is an internal communication influence the effectiveness of teachers' work; 3 to know how big influence of spatial planning and internal communication on the effectiveness of working collectively same. The population that became the subject of this study was the teacher of SMK Negeri 9 Semarang all 44 people who made the research sample because this study represents a population study. In this study, the independent variables are spatial and internal communications, while the dependent variable is the employment effectiveness of teachers. Data collection was performed using a questionnaire technique, documentation and observation. Data analysis technique used is descriptive analysis percentages, multiple regression analysis, simultaneous test, partial test, coefficient of determination and classical assumption. Based on the results of regression analysis obtained F value of 13.357 with a probability of 0.000 <0.05, which means that there is significant influence between spatial planning and internal communication on the effectiveness of teacher working SMK Negeri 9 Semarang. The amount of influence between spatial planning and internal communication on the effectiveness of teacher working SMK Negeri 9 for 39.5% of Semarang. Based on this research, the authors suggest that: in drafting desk should be more loose and in placing the furniture and other equipment should be to take advantage of the space available, so the staff room and classrooms and teachers more impressed with a neat move freely when doing academic activities; head schools should pay more attention to another teacher performance by giving instructions clearly did not even hesitate to reprimand if proven negligent in completing the job, as an effort to improve the quality of education, school principals should be willing to open ourselves to receive all complaints, ideas, or ideas from teachers.

  3. PROFIL KEMAMPUAN MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI DALAM MENGOMUNIKASIKAN HASIL PRAKTIKUM FISIOLOGI HEWAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuni Astuti

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The main problem in this research is to analyze the profile communications skill of Biology’s student teachers in preparing the report practicum course on Animal Physiology. The research method used is descriptive quantitative method. Data (score of practical reports is averaged then analyzed descriptively. The results are the ability of prospective biology teacher in communicating the practical results fall into the category enough and tends to increase. Mean score of practical report 1, 2, and 3 respectively 1.72; 2.03;  2.31. In addition, aspects of assessment "are precision systematic writing lab report" increased. Preparation of practical reports are in accordance with the systematics of good writing. Aspects of assessment "ability to process data accurately findings" and "relevance of theories in analyzing the data findings" also increased, with the average score of each is 1.10 to 2.27 and 1.27 to 2.17. So it can be concluded that a prospective biology teacher communication skills in the preparation of practical reports on subjects Physiology categorized enough. Giving feedback is considered effective in improving the ability of it.

  4. Pembekalan Pemrograman Dasar Komputer bagi Guru TIK dan Siswa Terpilih di Tiga Mitra SMA Kabupaten Bangkalan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Wahyuni

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Programming is a basic skill in computing (Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi–TIK feld. In our school partners located at Bangkalan, the teachers of computing course have non-computing background (physics, mathematics, biology. Tis condition means that their programming skill is not good enough. Tis is certainly a suboptimal circumstance since teacher’s mastery of a subject has a lot to do with the success of the teaching-learning process. Computer olympics (olimpiade komputer is a programming competition for high school students. It has two kinds of tests. Tey were mathematical logic and programming problem solving. Because of the lacking in teacher’s programming skill, the preparation event focused only on mathematical logic. Tis approach had led the students to pass through frst/city selection, but it was not enough to pass the second/provincial selection. In this community service, we gave programming learning modules to the school partners and also train them about pascal programming. Te initial targets were TIK teachers who were also the preparation event coaches. Afer several considerations, we asked the schools to also send their best students as participants for the training. Te purpose were to not only prepare the current participant team, but also to support the regeneration of future teams. By the end of this activity, our partners’ teachers and students have had a better pascal programming skills. Tis result is shown in the increasing scores they get in their pre, mid, and fnal training evaluations.

  5. Profil Kompetensi Profesional Guru Mapel Biologi Pasca Sertifikasi di Karesidenan Surakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofyan Anif

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available As stated in UU No. 14, 2005 and PP No. 74, 2008 that teachers as proffessional educator have to possess four competences, namely: pedagogic, proffessional, character, and social. However the condition in Indonesia is not like that. In general, they are in low category, specifically in pedagogic and proffessional. Those conditions happen in biology teachers and other teacher subjects. Then the aim of this study is to observe the profile of biology teachers especially their proffessional competence pasca sertification in Surakarta residance. The population of this study is all biology teachers (332 persons that have rechieved sertification through direct, portofolio, and PLPG program. Purposive random sampling is used to get 116 teachers. Data are collected by depth interview, documentation, and test, then the collected data are analysed by descriptive qualitative. The result shows that the profile of proffessional competence of biology teachers can be grouped into three: low, middle, and high. The teachers are low in: concept implementation, using tool of measurements, biology experiment planning, using the result of reflection, self reflection, understanding the principles and theories of savety work, doing action research, and understanding the steps of biology experiement correctly. The teachers are middle in: understanding the objective of the study, creative and innovative in implementing and developing science of biology nad correlated sciences, undesrtanding thinking process of biology, using symbolic language, undesrtanding standard competence, and understanding the scoupe of biology. They are high in: understanding the structure biology science and its correlation, selecting the material, cooking the material creatively, understanding the concepts, laws, and biology theories, undesrtanding the history of the natural science, specifically biology, understanding the basic competence of the subject or topic, updating their knowledge from many sources, and rationally qualitatively and quantitatively in understanding the process and biology law.

  6. The Lucy Calkins Project: Parsing a Self-Proclaimed Literacy Guru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Barbara

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the work of Lucy McCormick Calkins, an educator and the visionary founding director of Teachers College Reading and Writing Project. Begun in 1981, the think tank and teacher training institute has since trained hundreds of thousands of educators across the country. Calkins is one of the original architects of the…

  7. PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DAN KOMUNIKASI DALAM PEMBELAJARAN AKUNTANSI (STUDI EMPIRIS PADA GURU SMK SE KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Kustini

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paperhas objectives firstly, to explore the use of information and communication technology in accounting learning by vocational high schools used by vocational high schools teachers in Semarang City. The result showed that there were three ICT which mostly used by the accounting teacher. They were spreadsheet software like MS Excel to save grad, notes, etc, etc., computer laboratory based on learning, and word software like MS Word. Meanwhile, the most rarely ICT used by them were teleconference based on learning, online discussion with colleges and data analysis software like SPSS program. The complementary result showed that there was no significant  difference of ICT used by them were teleconference based on learning, online discussion with colleges and data analysis software like SPSS program. The complementary result showed that there was no significant difference of ICT used by teachers based on gender and teacher certification. This research suggests the decision makers to improve the intensity and quality of ICT in accounting learning process. Thus; it is expected that the further research can explain the determinant use of ICT

  8. Kemampuan Mahasiswa PPL Jurusan Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah dalam Pengelolaan Kelas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syarifah Salmah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to know the students’ ability in managing classroom in the internship program of teaching. As future teacher, the students are directed to master on the skills of teaching. One of the skills is pedagogical skill to manage the classroom. This study used a descriptive design. The data was collected by using observation. The population of the study was the internship program students of semester VI of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah study program. The sampling used random sampling with 11 students sample. The result of finding shows that the highest score was 75 and the lowest score was 50. The students who were in the category of “Very Good” or in the range of 71-85, was 18.2% (2 of 11 students, in the category of “Good” or in the range of 56-85 was 36.4% (4 of 11 students, in the category of “Good Enough” or in the range of 41-55 was 45.4% (5 of 1 students, and no students were in the category of “Poor” or in the range of 26-40.

  9. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN OUTDOOR MATHEMATICS DALAM GROUP INVESTIGATION BERMUATAN KARAKTER UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Rahmawan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian berfokus pada implementasi pembelajaran model outdoor mathematics dalam group investigation bermuatan karakter untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mendapatkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid kemudian diperoleh pembelajaran yang praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan model four-D. Perangkat yang dikembangkan meliputi: Silabus, RPP, Buku Ajar Siswa (BAS, Lembar Kegiatan Siswa (LKS, dan Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah (TKPM. Penelitian dilakukan pada siswa kelas X SMA Kesatrian 2 Semarang. Klasifikasi perangkat yang dikembangkan tergolong valid. Respon positif siswa berminat mengikuti pembelajaran 94,74% dan guru memberi komentar sangat baik, sehingga perangkat pembelajaran praktis untuk digunakan. Hal ini berakibat keterampilan kooperatif dan sikap belajar siswa lebih baik, karena kedua variabel tersebut secara bersama memberikan pengaruh sebesar 73,2% terhadap TKPM siswa. Proporsi siswa yang mencapai KKM lebih dari 75 sehingga tuntas secara klasikal serta hasil KPM siswa pada pembelajaran kooperatif berbasis pemecahan masalah lebih baik dibanding KPM siswa pada pembelajaran konvensional. Dengan demikian pembelajaran efektif.The study focuses on the implementation of model outdoor math in group investigation includes characteristic to improve the skill of problem solving. The purpose of this study was obtain a valid learning device then practical and effective learning was gained. This research is the development of the four-D models. The developed instrumen includes: Syllabus, Lesson Plan, Student Test Book, Worksheet, and Problem Solving Skill Test. The experiment is undertaken to the X graders students of Kesatrian 2 Senior High School Semarang. Classification of devices developed quite valid. The positive response of students interested in learning to follow and 94.74% and the teacher give the good comment so the  instrumen was practical to use

  10. Keefektifan Model CIRC Berbasis Joyful Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis Siswa SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rian Triastuti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah implementasi model pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning efektif terhadap kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa pada materi Teorema Pythagoras. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode dokumen-tasi, tes, dan observasi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa siswa pada kelas eksperimen telah mencapai ketuntasan klasikal. Hasil uji perbedaan dua rata-rata menun-jukkan bahwa rata-rata hasil tes kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas eksperimen lebih dari rata-rata hasil tes kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas kontrol. Berdasar-kan hasil tersebut dapat diketahui bahwa rata-rata kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas eksperimen lebih baik daripada rata-rata kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas kontrol. Hasil observasi menunjukkan bahwa persentase keaktifan siswa dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning lebih tinggi daripada persentase keaktifan siswa pada pembelajaran ekspositori, dan aktivitas guru dalam mengelola pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning mencapai kriteria sangat baik. Kata kunci:       CIRC; Joyfull Learning; Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis.  AbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine whether the implementation of the CIRC based Joyful Learning models effective against student’s mathematical reasoning skills on the material Pythagorean Theorem. The population in this study is the eighth grade students of Junior High School of 1 Tlogowungu. Based on the results of the study showed that students in the experimental class have reached the classical completeness. The test results mean the difference of two shows that the average test results of mathematical reasoning skills experimental class students more than the average test results of student’s mathematical reasoning skills control class. Based on these results it can be seen that the average of student’s mathematical reasoning skills experimental

  11. Use of the CALIOP vertical feature mask for evaluating global aerosol models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. P. Nowottnick

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Global aerosol distributions provided by the NASA Modern Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications aerosol reanalysis (MERRAero are evaluated using the aerosol types identified by the CALIOP vertical feature mask (VFM algorithm, focusing especially on Saharan dust distributions during July 2009. MERRAero is comprised of an aerosol simulation produced in the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5 Earth system model and incorporates assimilation of MODIS-derived aerosol optical thickness to constrain column aerosol loadings. For comparison to the CALIOP VFM we construct two synthetic VFMs using the MERRAero aerosol distributions: a Level 2 VFM in which simulated MERRAero total attenuated backscatter and estimated particulate depolarization ratios are input directly to the CALIOP VFM typing algorithm, and a Level 3 VFM in which we map the aerosol species in MERRAero to the CALIOP VFM types. By comparing the simulated MERRAero-Level 2 VFM to CALIOP VFM we can diagnose the aerosol transport and speciation in MERRAero. By comparing the MERRAero-Level 2 and MERRAero-Level 3 simulated VFMs we perform a simple Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE, which is useful for identifying shortcomings in the CALIOP VFM algorithm itself. We find that despite having our column AOT constrained by MODIS, comparison to the CALIOP VFM reveals a greater occurrence of dusty aerosol layers in our MERRAero-Level 2 VFM, due to errors in MERRAero aerosol speciation. Additionally, we find that the CALIOP VFM algorithm classification for desert dust and polluted dust should be reconsidered for aerosol features that contain dust mixtures in low aerosol loadings, as our application of the CALIOP VFM to MERRAero distributions flagged a greater presence of dusty vs. marine aerosols when our two MERRAero VFMs were compared.

  12. PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR IPA SISWA KELAS 5 SD MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE TGT BERBANTUAN MEDIA GAMBAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norhayati Endah

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Berdasarkan wawancara yang telah dilakukan kepada guru dan siswa kelas 5 SDN 03 Bringin, terdapat keluhan berupa nilai siswa yang masih rendah pada mata pelajaran IPA. Penyebabnya antara lain karena metode yang digunakan adalah metode ceramah sehingga siswa kurang berminat dan cepat bosan. Selain itu banyak siswa yang tidak suka membaca. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa mata pelajaran IPA kelas 5 SDN 03 Bringin dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran Teams Games Tournament. Teknik pengumpulan data yaitu dengan menggunakan soal tes (Pilihan Ganda. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilakukan dalam dua siklus yaitu siklus I dan siklus II. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa setelah penggunaan model, rata-rata hasil belajar siswa meningkat pada siklus I maupun siklus II. Selain itu, persentase ketuntasan siswa juga mendekati sempurna. Sehingga penggunaan model Teams Games Tournament berbantuan media gambar ini dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada pelajaran IPA di SDN 03 Bringin. Kata kunci: hasil belajar, IPA, TGT    Abstract. Based on the interviews that have been made to teachers and students of SDN 03 Bringin 5th grade, there are complaints of student scores are still low in science subjects. The reason is partly due to the method used is the lecture method so that students are less interested and bored quickly. In addition, many students do not like to read. The purpose of this research is to improve student learning outcomes 5th grade science subjects SDN 03 Bringin by using model Teams Games Tournament aided picture media. Namely data collection techniques using test questions (multiple choice. This research is a classroom action research was conducted in two cycles of the first cycle and the second cycle. The result showed that after the use of the model, the average increase student learning outcomes in the first cycle and the second cycle. In addition, the

  13. Measurement and Modeling of Site-specific Nitrogen and Oxygen Isotopic Composition of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide at Mace Head, Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClellan, M. J.; Saikawa, E.; Prinn, R. G.; Ono, S.

    2015-12-01

    Global mixing ratios of atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O), a potent greenhouse gas, have increased nearly linearly from the beginning of the modern industrial period to today, with the current global average in excess of 325 ppb. This increase can be largely attributed to anthropogenic activity above the level of N2O emissions from natural biotic sources. The effect of N2O on Earth's climate is twofold: in the troposphere, N2O is radiatively active and chemically inert, while it serves as a reactive source of ozone-destroying nitrogen oxides in the stratosphere. The marked altitudinal divide in its reactivity means that all stages in the N2O life cycle—emission, transport, and destruction—must be examined to understand the overall effect of N2O on Earth's climate. However, the understanding of the total impact of N2O is incomplete, as there remain significant uncertainties in the global budget of this gas. Due to unique isotopic substitutions (15N and 18O) made by different N2O sources and stratospheric chemical reactions, the measurement of N2O isotopic ratios in ambient air can help identify the distribution and magnitude of distinct source types. We present the first year of site-specific nitrogen and oxygen isotopic composition data from the MIT Stheno-tunable infrared direct absorption spectroscopy (TILDAS) instrument at Mace Head, Ireland. Aided by the Stheno preconcentration system, Stheno-TILDAS can achieve measurement precisions of 0.10‰ or greater for all isotopic ratios (δ15N and δ18O) in ambient N2O. We further compare these data to the results from Model for Ozone and Related Tracers version 4 (MOZART-4) simulations, including N2O isotopic fractionation processes and MERRA/GEOS-5 reanalysis meteorological fields. These results will form the basis of future Bayesian inverse modeling simulations that will constrain global N2O source, circulation, and sink dynamics better.

  14. Model of Religious Study and Moral Values in TK Putra Harapan Nalumsari Jepara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mubasyaroh Mubasyaroh

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Religious and moral education from an early age so needs to be invested for the child, so that in the future they will have a strong and deep understanding of the norms and teachings of Islam. Age children early childhood and kindergarten (TK is a time to play, so education is implemented particularly religious education should be designed properly by the teacher so that the education process into an active and fun activities. Kindergarten (TK Putra Harapan Nalumsari Jepara is one of the educational institutions that provide education for early childhood, with one lesson material is a moral and religious education. Moral education is one of the materials is very important because in load values, morals and religion, so this will be a guide for students in later life. The research method used is descriptive qualitative research to describe in detail the subjects and issues to be studied. The findings in this study is the cultivation of religious values and morals for children Kindergarten revolves around the activities of daily life. In particular cultivation of religious values with laying the foundations of the faith, personality or character that is commendable and devotional practices, in accordance with the child's ability is implemented. As one of the early childhood education institutions, in conducting the study, have several models of delivery Edutainment, habituation and uswah hasanah as a reference implementation of teaching and learning. Pendidikan agama dan moral sejak usia dini perlu ditanamkan bagi anak, sehingga di masa depan mereka akan memiliki pemahaman yang kuat dan mendalam dari norma-norma dan ajaran Islam. Usia anak-anak usia dini dan taman kanak-kanak (TK adalah waktu untuk bermain, sehingga pendidikan diimplementasikan khususnya pendidikan agama harus dirancang dengan baik oleh guru sehingga proses pendidikan menjadi kegiatan yang aktif dan menyenangkan. TK (TK Putra Harapan Nalumsari Jepara merupakan salah satu lembaga

  15. Changes in Instructional System Design (ISD): Improving Training Product Delivery to United States Army Soldiers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-18

    Ulcers Tumors Gastritis Diseases Digestion Role of Teeth in Digestion Digestion in Mouth Role of Tongue in Digestion Role of Saliva Glands in...Design and the Addie Model e-Learning Guru.com,” 2003; available from <http://www.e-learningguru.com/ articles /art2_1.htm. P.2>; Internet; accessed 4...Model. e-Learning Guru.com,” 2003. Available from <http://www.e-learningguru.com/ articles /art2_1.htm>. Internet. Accessed 4 December 2004. Lakein

  16. PERBEDAAN PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN QUANTUM TEACHING DENGAN METODE KONVENSIONAL DALAM HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yekti Prasetyasni,

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Hasil belajar siswa masih kurang optimal dimana banyak siswa mendapat nilai kurang dari kriteria ketuntasan minimal (KKM. Hal ini disebabkan oleh rendahnya aktivitas belajar dan penggunaan model pembelajaran yang kurang variatif dan pembelajaran yang terpusat pada guru. Hal tersebut perlu adanya pengembangan variasi dalam pembelajaran dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran yang mengutamakan keaktifan siswa dalam pembelajaran, model tersebut adalah model pembelajaran Quantum Teaching. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah :(1 Apakah penerapan model pembelajaran Quantum Teaching lebih baik daripada penerapan metode pembelajaran konvensional dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar. (2 Apakah ada perbedaan penerapan Model Pembelajaran Quantum Teaching dengan Metode Konvensional dalam hasil belajar. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah semua populasi yang tersedia, karena jumlah sampel kurang dari 100 maka penelitian ini disebut dengan penelitian populasi. Terpilih kelas VII A sebagai kelas Kontrol dengan metode konvensional dan kelas VII B sebagai kelas Eksperimen dengan model pembelajaran Quantum Teaching. Berdasarkan hasil uji tahap akhir, diperoleh nilai rata-rata kelas eksperimen meningkat yaitu 71,98 sedangkan kelas kontrol yaitu 64,14. Nilai rata-rata posttest kelas eksperimen lebih tinggi dibanding kelas kontrol. Dapat disimpulkan kelompok kesperimen lebih baik dari kelompok kontrol, yaitu hasil belajar dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran Quantum Teaching lebih baik dibandingkan dengan kelas yang menggunakan metode pembelajaran konvensional. Dan terdapat perbedaan hasil belajar siswa antara penggunaan model Quantum Teaching dan metode konvensional dimana siswa yang memperoleh pembelajaran Quantum Teaching mendapatkan nilai hasil belajar yang baik. � Student learning outcomes are less than optimal when many students scored less than minimum completeness criteria (KKM. This is due to the low activity of learning and teaching models use a less

  17. School Organizational Culture in Improving to the Teachers’ Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulus Mikku Ate

    2015-02-01

    Key Words: organizational culture, teacher performance   Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui proses terbentuknya budaya organisasi dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi kasus. Lokasi penelitian di dua sekolah swasta di Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya, Nusa Tenggara Timur, pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara, pengamatan dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan model interaktif Milles dan Huberman, dan analisis lintas kasus secara induktif konseptual. Hasil penelitian adalah budaya organisasi sekolah dipengaruhi nilai-nilai pokok yang dianut, dihidupi, dan ditanamkan para pendiri, pengganti, dan pemimpin; budaya organisasi mempengaruhi kinerja guru; dan upaya melanggengkan budaya organisasi melalui penentuan pemimpin oleh yayasan, penggunaan seragam, penegakan disiplin, dan melaksanakan perayaan.  Kata kunci: budaya organisasi, kinerja guru

  18. Predictive Skill of Meteorological Drought Based on Multi-Model Ensemble Forecasts: A Real-Time Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, L. C.; Mo, K. C.; Zhang, Q.; Huang, J.

    2014-12-01

    Drought prediction from monthly to seasonal time scales is of critical importance to disaster mitigation, agricultural planning, and multi-purpose reservoir management. Starting in December 2012, NOAA Climate Prediction Center (CPC) has been providing operational Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) Outlooks using the North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) forecasts, to support CPC's monthly drought outlooks and briefing activities. The current NMME system consists of six model forecasts from U.S. and Canada modeling centers, including the CFSv2, CM2.1, GEOS-5, CCSM3.0, CanCM3, and CanCM4 models. In this study, we conduct an assessment of the predictive skill of meteorological drought using real-time NMME forecasts for the period from May 2012 to May 2014. The ensemble SPI forecasts are the equally weighted mean of the six model forecasts. Two performance measures, the anomaly correlation coefficient and root-mean-square errors against the observations, are used to evaluate forecast skill.Similar to the assessment based on NMME retrospective forecasts, predictive skill of monthly-mean precipitation (P) forecasts is generally low after the second month and errors vary among models. Although P forecast skill is not large, SPI predictive skill is high and the differences among models are small. The skill mainly comes from the P observations appended to the model forecasts. This factor also contributes to the similarity of SPI prediction among the six models. Still, NMME SPI ensemble forecasts have higher skill than those based on individual models or persistence, and the 6-month SPI forecasts are skillful out to four months. The three major drought events occurred during the 2012-2014 period, the 2012 Central Great Plains drought, the 2013 Upper Midwest flash drought, and 2013-2014 California drought, are used as examples to illustrate the system's strength and limitations. For precipitation-driven drought events, such as the 2012 Central Great Plains drought

  19. PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MODEL COOPERATIVE LEARNING TYPE MAKE-A-MATCH DENGAN MEDIA EVIDENCE CARD TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR KIMIA MATERI ASAM-BASA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Noviyanti

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan model cooperative learning type make-a-match dengan media evidence card terhadap hasil belajar kimia materi larutan asam-basa. Populasi penelitian adalah siswa kelas XI IPA. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan sampling jenuh dengan XIA1 sebagai kelas kontrol dan XIA2 sebagai kelas eksperimen. Berdasarkan uji t dua pihak dihasilkan thitung(4,0293> t1abe1(1,9925 yang berarti ada perbedaan yang signifikan, sedangkan uji t satu pihak kanan thitun9(4,0293>t1abe1(1,9925 yang berarti rata-rata hasil belajar kognitif kelas eksperimen lebih baik daripada kelas kontrol. N-gain kelas eksperimen (0,71 lebih baik daripada kelas kontrol (0,52. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa penggunakan model Coperative Learning type make-a-match dengan media evidence card mempengaruhi hasil belajar kimia materi larutan asam-basa sebesar 28,99% sehingga guru hendaknya berupaya menerapkan model pembelajaran ini pada materi lain.The study was aimed to determine the effect of the use of cooperative learning model of type make-a-card match with the evidence card media on chemistry learning outcomes of acid-base solution. The population was students of Science class XI. Sampling was performed by saturated sampling with XIA 1 as the control and XIA2 as the experiment class. The two sides t test produced tcount (4.0293> Trable (1.9925 which means there was a significant difference, while the one right side t test produced tcount (4.0293> T Table (1.9925, which means that the average cognitive learning outcome of the experimental class was better than that of the control class. N-gain of the experimental class (0.71 was better than that of the control class (0.52. This showed that the use of this model affected the learning outcomes of acid-base solution of 28.99%, so teachers should try to apply this learning model on another matter.

  20. Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi pada SMA Negeri di Kabupaten Lombok Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mulabbiyah Mulabbiyah

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi pelaksanaan KBK di SMAN di Kabupaten Lombok Timur, khususnya terkait dengan: (1 kesiapan kepala sekolah, (2 kesiapan guru, (3 kesiapan sarana dan prasarana, (4 perencanaan pembelajaran, (5 pelaksanaan pembelajaran, (6 pelaksanaan penilaian, (7 pelaksanaan remedial dan pengayaan, (8 hasil belajar siswa, (9 pendapat guru dan siswa tentang pelaksanaan KBK di sekolah, dan (10 kendala-kendala yang dihadapi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan didukung pendekatan kualitatif. Model evaluasi yang digunakan adalah model evaluasi formarif. Subjek penelitian adalah kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa di SMAN 1 Selong dan SMAN 1 Masbagik. Data dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner, wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi, serta dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa: (1 kepala sekolah dan guru di kedua sekolah tersebut belum sepenuhnya siap melaksanakan KBK; (2 sarana dan prasarana di SMAN Selong sudah cukup memadai sedangkan di SMAN 1 Masbagik masih kurang; (3 perencanaan dan pelaksanaan pembelajaran di kedua sekolah tersebut tergolong cukup baik; (4 pelaksanaan penilaian di SMAN 1 Selong sudah sangat baik dan di SMAN 1 Masbagik tergolong baik; (5 pelaksanaan program remedial dan pengayaan di kedua sekolah tersebut masih tergolong kurang baik; (6 hasil belajar siswa di kedua sekolah tersebut hampir semua sudah mencapai standar kemampuan belajar minimal (SKBM, (7 guru-guru di kedua sekolah tersebut masih ragu-ragu, sedangkan siswa-siswa di kedua sekolah tersebut setuju dengan pelaksanaan KBKdi sekolah; dan (9 kendala yang dihadapi kedua sekolah tersebut adalah jumlah rombongan belajar yang besar dan rendahnya parbsipasi orang tua siswa. Kata kunci: pelaksanaan kurikulum berbasis kompetensi.

  1. High-resolution modeling of the influences of absorbing aerosols on rainfall over northern India and the Himalaya foothills during boreal summer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, K.; Lau, W. K.; Tao, W.; Shi, J. J.; Tan, Q.; Chin, M.; Matsui, T.; Kemp, E. M.; Peters-Lidard, C. D.

    2012-12-01

    High elevation and steep topography of Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas foothills regions are important components of the South Asian summer monsoon system. Strong orographic forcing combined with abundant moisture from the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal and aerosols stacked up against the southern slope of the Tibetan Plateau produce complex physical and dynamical effects on monsoon rainfall and circulation. In this work, we use the NASA Unified Weather Research and Forecasting (Nu-WRF) model to study the effect of aerosol radiative forcing on the short-term predictability (1-7 days) of the South Asian monsoon rainfall system. Two sets of 7-day forecasting experiments were conducted with and without aerosol radiative forcing. Each set consists of 34 7-day forcasts with initial conditions from daily reanalysis and GEOS-5 aerosol distribution (only for aerosol run) from June 11- July 14, 2008. Nu-WRF, without aerosol forcing captures the horizontal distribution of 7-day mean precipitation reasonably well, but it tends to over-estimates rainfall over the central India. The biases are especially larger in the upwind side of the western Ghats and northeast India and Bangladesh. Preliminary results show that inclusion of aerosol radiative forcing and interaction with dynamics reduces rainfall over the Indo-Gangetic plain where aerosol loadinng is high, but enhances rainfall downstream of the prevailing monsoon flow in the southern slope of Tibetan Plateau, especially over the northeast India and foothills regions, consistent with the EHP hypothesis. Effect of aerosol radiative forcing is small during the first two days of forecasts. Rainfall anomalies generated by atmospheric feedback induced by aerosol radiative forcing becomes statistically significant and large enough to be separable from growing model biases after three days of simulation. The results indicate the inclusion of aerosol radiative forcing may improve short-term (4-7 day) forecasting skill in

  2. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN LEMPAR LEMBING UNTUK SISWA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA (SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adhen Willy Munendra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pembelajaran lempar lembing untuk siswa SMP yang layak digunakan. Model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan diharapkan untuk digunakan guru SMP sebagai salah satu bentuk pembelajaran lempar lembing yang baik dan efektif. Penelitian pengembangan ini dilakukan dengan mengadaptasi langkah-langkah penelitian pengembangan sebagai berikut: (1 studi pendahuluan, (2 analisis terhadap informasi yang telah dikumpulkan, (3 mengembangkan produk awal (draf produk, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba skala kecil dan revisi, (6 uji coba lapangan skala besar dan revisi, dan (7 diseminasi produk hasil pengembangan. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan 20 siswa terhadap siswa kelas 8 SMP Negeri 2 Karangnongko Klaten. Uji coba skala besar dilakukan terhadap 60 siswa kelas 8 SMP Negeri 1 Karangnongko dan SMP Negeri 1 Kemalang Klaten. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini berupa buku panduan dan CD model pembelajaran lempar lembing untuk siswa SMP, yang berisikan sepuluh model permainan, yaitu permainan: (1 kasvol; (2 bola estafet; (3 target papan; (4 target bola; (5 lempar angka; (6 perang bola; (7 parsim; (8 tardus; (9 pahsim, dan (10 pahdus. Dari hasil penilaian para ahli materi, dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa model pembelajaran lempar lembing yang disusun sangat baik dan efektif, sehingga layak digunakan untuk pembelajaran lempar lembing pada siswa SMP. Kata kunci: pengembangan, model pembelajaran lempar lembing DEVELOPING A JAVELIN THROWING TEACHING MODEL FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Abstract This research aims to produce a javelin throwing teaching model for junior high school students. This javelin throwing teaching model is expected to be used by teacher as a form of good and effective javelin throwing teaching. This research and development was conducted by adapting the steps of research development including: (1

  3. Pembelajaran Dasar Kekriaan di SMK Negeri 5 Yogyakarta 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martono Martono

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran pelaksanaan pembelajaran di SMK Negeri 5 Yogyakarta, khususnya pembelajaran dasar kekriaan yang menggunakan kurikulum pola Broad Based Curriculum (BBC edisi 1999. Mata pelajaran dasar kekriaan dalam kurikulum tersebut ditetapkan sebagai mata pelajaran dasar bersama yang luas untuk mengembangkan pengalaman artistik dan pengembangan kreativitas siswa. Penelitian dilaksanakan menggunakan metode kualitatif, dengan lokasi penelitian yaitu kelas IG SMK Negeri 5 Yogyakarta. Pengumpulan data dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan metode obeservasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan yaitu pedoman wawancara, pedoman observasi, dan pedoman dokumentasi. Selain itu, dalam proses pengumpulan data juga digunakan alat bantu lembar observasi, tape recorder, dan kamera foto. Dalam penelitian ini guru ditetapkan sebagai informan berdasarkan pertimbangan jenis kelamin, pengalaman mengajar, dan latar belakang pendidikan. Penentuan siswa sebagai informan berdasarkan pertimbangan jenis kelamin, tingginya prestasi. Data divab'dasi dengan menggunakan pertimbangan ahli dan trianggulasi. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis kualitatif dengan langkah pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan pengambilan kesimpulan atau verifikasi. Hasil penelitian dan pembahasan menunjukan bahwa SMK Negeri 5 Yogyakarta terletak di lingkungan perkampungan yang nyaman untuk belajar dan mudah dijangkau. Sarana dan fasilitas untuk belajar produktif memadai, tetapi sarana dan fasilitas untuk belajar dasar kekriaan menggunakan kelas untuk belajar teori. Guru dalam mengajar tidak semuanya membuat persiapan mengajar. Guru membuat persiapan mengajar hanya untuk kebutuhan administrasi dari pada untuk kebutuhan mengajar. Model mengajar yang digunakan dengan cara penugasan menggambar dan membentuk. Untuk pembelajaran materi kompetesi gambar estetik berjalan dengan baik dan berkembang dari tuntutan kompetensi

  4. Modeling the Frozen-In Anticyclone in the 2005 Arctic Summer Stratosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, D. R.; Douglass, A. R.; Manney, G. L.; Strahan, S. E.; Krosschell, J. C.; Trueblood, J.

    2010-01-01

    Immediately following the breakup of the 2005 Arctic spring stratospheric vortex, a tropical air mass, characterized by low potential vorticity (PV) and high nitrous oxide (N2O), was advected poleward and became trapped in the easterly summer polar vortex. This feature, known as a "Frozen-In Anticyclone (FrIAC)", was observed in Earth Observing System (EOS) Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) data to span the potential temperature range from approximately 580 to 1100 K (approximately 25 to 40 km altitude) and to persist from late March to late August 2005. This study compares MLS N2O observations with simulations from the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) chemistry and transport model, the GEOS-5/MERRA Replay model, and the VanLeer Icosahedral Triangular Advection isentropic transport model to elucidate the processes involved in the lifecycle of the FrIAC which is here divided into three distinct phases. During the "spin-up phase" (March to early April), strong poleward flow resulted in a tight isolated anticyclonic vortex at approximately 70-90 deg N, marked with elevated N2O. GMI, Replay, and VITA all reliably simulted the spin-up of the FrIAC, although the GMI and Replay peak N2O values were too low. The FrIAC became trapped in the developing summer easterly flow and circulated around the polar region during the "anticyclonic phase" (early April to the end of May). During this phase, the FrIAC crossed directly over the pole between the 7th and 14th of April. The VITA and Replay simulations transported the N2O anomaly intact during this crossing, in agreement with MLS, but unrealistic dispersion of the anomaly occurred in the GMI simulation due to excessive numerical mixing of the polar cap. The vortex associated with the FrIAC was apparently resistant to the weak vertical hear during the anticyclonic phase, and it thereby protected the embedded N20 anomaly from stretching. The vortex decayed in late May due to diabatic processes, leaving the N2O anomaly exposed to

  5. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE STUDENT TEAMS ACHIEVEMENT DIVISION (STAD UNTUK MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS BELAJAR DAN HASIL BELAJAR (Kompetensi Mengidentifikasi Jenis-Jenis Surat/Dokumen Siswa Kelas XI Administrasi Perkantoran SMK Widya Praja U

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Umiroh

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Kesulitan yang dialami siswa disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor, salah satunya faktor eksternal seperti kurang tepatnya model yang diterapkan oleh guru, kesenjangan di kelas, kurangnya aktivitas siswa dan sebagainya. Hal tersebut menyebabkan perlu adanya penggunaan variasi model pembelajaran yang dapat meningkatkan aktivitas siswa dalam proses pembelajaran, salah satu alternatifnya dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD. Hasil penelitian dengan menggunakan model STAD diperoleh hasil siklus I menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 71,22 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 60,98%, aktivitas siswa secara klasikal sebesar 60% dalam kategori cukup. Hasil penelitian siklus II menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 73,54 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 68,29%, aktivitas siswa secara klasikal sebesar 71,10% dalam kategori tinggi. Hasil penelitian siklus III menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 79,27 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 80,49%, aktivitas siswa secara klasikal sebesar 83,29% dalam kategori tinggi. Saran yang diberikan yaitu supaya siswa kelas XI AP 1 lebih aktif bertanya dalam pembelajaran di kelas serta mempunyai minat mengikuti pembelajaran khususnya pada kompetensi dasar mengidentifikasi jenis-jenis surat/dokumen. The one of factors when made students difficulties was external factor such as the inappropise model by the teacher the gapinclass, lack ofstudents activityandso on. This causes the need for the use of varied learning model which can increase the activity of students in the learning process, one of the alternatives to implement cooperative learning model STAD. The results of the study with the results obtained using the STAD model first cycle shows the average was 71.22 student learning outcomes, with classical completeness was 60.98%, in the classical student’s activitines by60% in categoryof enough. The results in cycle II study showed that the average was 73.54 student’s learning outcomes

  6. Model guidance for deployment of observational resources following a major volcanic eruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, P. R.; Aquila, V.; LeGrande, A. N.; Tsigaridis, K.; Newman, P. A.

    2016-12-01

    The 1991 eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippines increased the stratospheric aerosol burden by orders of magnitude and perturbed the global Earth system by modifying the atmosphere's radiation balance, perturbing tropospheric and stratospheric temperatures, increasing stratospheric water vapor concentration, changing the chemical balance of the stratosphere, enhancing ozone depletion, and modifying the dynamics of the stratosphere. We know from the smaller El Chichón eruption in Mexico in 1982 that the climate response to large eruptions is not simply proportional to the amount of sulfur emitted: while Mt. Pinatubo injected more than twice as much sulfate aerosol as El Chichón, it produced a much smaller tropical stratospheric warming. The climate response to a major volcanic eruption depends thus on a number of factors, including the amount of material released (including sulfur, water, and halogen compounds), the altitude of injection, the latitude, and season. Characterizing important parameters following an eruption and monitoring the subsequent volcanic plume evolution will be important activities for the international research community in the weeks-to-months-to-years f