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Sample records for modeling guru geos-5

  1. GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model User's Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouatchou, J.; Molod, A.; Nielsen, J. E.; Auer, B.; Putman, W.; Clune, T.

    2015-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) General Circulation Model (GCM) makes use of the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) to enable model configurations with many functions. One of the options of the GEOS-5 GCM is the GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model (GEOS-5 CTM), which is an offline simulation of chemistry and constituent transport driven by a specified meteorology and other model output fields. This document describes the basic components of the GEOS-5 CTM, and is a user's guide on to how to obtain and run simulations on the NCCS Discover platform. In addition, we provide information on how to change the model configuration input files to meet users' needs.

  2. Recent Updates to the GEOS-5 Linear Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Dan; Kim, Jong G.; Errico, Ron; Gelaro, Ronald; Mahajan, Rahul

    2014-01-01

    Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) is close to having a working 4DVAR system and has developed a linearized version of GEOS-5.This talk outlines a series of improvements made to the linearized dynamics, physics and trajectory.Of particular interest is the development of linearized cloud microphysics, which provides the framework for 'all-sky' data assimilation.

  3. GRAND DESIGN MODEL PEMBINAAN PROFESIONAL GURU BERBASIS DETERMINAN KINERJA GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Budi Wiyono

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: A Grand Design Model of Teacher Professional Education Based on Teacher's Perfor­mace Determinant. One of the crucial factors that determines the quality of education is teachers. Thus, developing teachers' professionalism in carrying out their work is essential. This study aims at developing a grand design model of teacher professional education based on determinant factors of teachers' performance. It is a research and development study (R&D, in which data were collected through questionnaires, observations, and interviews, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, correla­tion analysis, and qualitative data analysis. The sample consists of 90 teachers and 28 headmasters selected using quota random sampling. The findings of the study show that the effective model of teacher pro­fessional education is the one conducted through five steps, namely, needs analysis, development of training and supervision programs, implementation of the programs, evaluation of the programs, and follow-ups of the programs. The development of the programs requires coordination among related in­stitutions. The implementation needs to refer to the right principles, approach, and training techniques and be supported by good facilities, media, trainers, and training places. Keywords: training model, teachers' professionalism, teachers' performance Abstrak: Grand Design Model Pembinaan Profesional Guru Berbasis Determinan Kinerja Guru. Salah satu faktor yang sangat menentukan mutu pendidikan adalah guru. Untuk itu diperlukan pening­katan profesionalisme guru dalam melaksanakan tugas. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan grand design model pembinaan profesional guru yang efektif berbasis faktor-faktor determinan kinerja guru. Penelitian menggunakan desain penelitian pengembangan. Sampel diambil sebesar 90 guru dan 28 kepala sekolah dengan quota random sampling. Data dikumpulan data kuesioner, observasi, dan wawancara. Hasil pengumpulan data dianalisis

  4. Modeling Guru: Knowledge Base for NASA Modelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seablom, M. S.; Wojcik, G. S.; van Aartsen, B. H.

    2009-05-01

    Modeling Guru is an on-line knowledge-sharing resource for anyone involved with or interested in NASA's scientific models or High End Computing (HEC) systems. Developed and maintained by the NASA's Software Integration and Visualization Office (SIVO) and the NASA Center for Computational Sciences (NCCS), Modeling Guru's combined forums and knowledge base for research and collaboration is becoming a repository for the accumulated expertise of NASA's scientific modeling and HEC communities. All NASA modelers and associates are encouraged to participate and provide knowledge about the models and systems so that other users may benefit from their experience. Modeling Guru is divided into a hierarchy of communities, each with its own set forums and knowledge base documents. Current modeling communities include those for space science, land and atmospheric dynamics, atmospheric chemistry, and oceanography. In addition, there are communities focused on NCCS systems, HEC tools and libraries, and programming and scripting languages. Anyone may view most of the content on Modeling Guru (available at http://modelingguru.nasa.gov/), but you must log in to post messages and subscribe to community postings. The site offers a full range of "Web 2.0" features, including discussion forums, "wiki" document generation, document uploading, RSS feeds, search tools, blogs, email notification, and "breadcrumb" links. A discussion (a.k.a. forum "thread") is used to post comments, solicit feedback, or ask questions. If marked as a question, SIVO will monitor the thread, and normally respond within a day. Discussions can include embedded images, tables, and formatting through the use of the Rich Text Editor. Also, the user can add "Tags" to their thread to facilitate later searches. The "knowledge base" is comprised of documents that are used to capture and share expertise with others. The default "wiki" document lets users edit within the browser so others can easily collaborate on the

  5. The GEOS-5 Atmospheric General Circulation Model: Mean Climate and Development from MERRA to Fortuna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molod, Andrea; Takacs, Lawrence; Suarez, Max; Bacmeister, Julio; Song, In-Sun; Eichmann, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    This report is a documentation of the Fortuna version of the GEOS-5 Atmospheric General Circulation Model (AGCM). The GEOS-5 AGCM is currently in use in the NASA Goddard Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) for simulations at a wide range of resolutions, in atmosphere only, coupled ocean-atmosphere, and data assimilation modes. The focus here is on the development subsequent to the version that was used as part of NASA s Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA). We present here the results of a series of 30-year atmosphere-only simulations at different resolutions, with focus on the behavior of the 1-degree resolution simulation. The details of the changes in parameterizations subsequent to the MERRA model version are outlined, and results of a series of 30-year, atmosphere-only climate simulations at 2-degree resolution are shown to demonstrate changes in simulated climate associated with specific changes in parameterizations. The GEOS-5 AGCM presented here is the model used for the GMAO s atmosphere-only and coupled CMIP-5 simulations.

  6. Graphics Processing Units (GPU) and the Goddard Earth Observing System atmospheric model (GEOS-5): Implementation and Potential Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam, William M.

    2011-01-01

    Earth system models like the Goddard Earth Observing System model (GEOS-5) have been pushing the limits of large clusters of multi-core microprocessors, producing breath-taking fidelity in resolving cloud systems at a global scale. GPU computing presents an opportunity for improving the efficiency of these leading edge models. A GPU implementation of GEOS-5 will facilitate the use of cloud-system resolving resolutions in data assimilation and weather prediction, at resolutions near 3.5 km, improving our ability to extract detailed information from high-resolution satellite observations and ultimately produce better weather and climate predictions

  7. Air Quality Modeling Using the NASA GEOS-5 Multispecies Data Assimilation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Christoph A.; Pawson, Steven; Wargan, Krzysztof; Weir, Brad

    2018-01-01

    The NASA Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) data assimilation system (DAS) has been expanded to include chemically reactive tropospheric trace gases including ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and carbon monoxide (CO). This system combines model analyses from the GEOS-5 model with detailed atmospheric chemistry and observations from MLS (O3), OMI (O3 and NO2), and MOPITT (CO). We show results from a variety of assimilation test experiments, highlighting the improvements in the representation of model species concentrations by up to 50% compared to an assimilation-free control experiment. Taking into account the rapid chemical cycling of NO2 when applying the assimilation increments greatly improves assimilation skills for NO2 and provides large benefits for model concentrations near the surface. Analysis of the geospatial distribution of the assimilation increments suggest that the free-running model overestimates biomass burning emissions but underestimates lightning NOx emissions by 5-20%. We discuss the capability of the chemical data assimilation system to improve atmospheric composition forecasts through improved initial value and boundary condition inputs, particularly during air pollution events. We find that the current assimilation system meaningfully improves short-term forecasts (1-3 day). For longer-term forecasts more emphasis on updating the emissions instead of initial concentration fields is needed.

  8. MODEL TINDAKAN GURU MENANGGAPI PERILAKU SISWA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Atmoko

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: A Model of Teachers' Responses to Students' Behavior in Teaching and Learning. This study examined the influences of factors suggested in the theoretical model of teachers' manners regarding students' behavior in teaching-learning processes. it involved 180 primary school teachers in the Municipality of Malang. Multistage cluster technique was employed for the selection of the sample. The data analysis was conducted using Structural Equation Modeling. The results indicate that structural model has some empirical supports, which suggests that educational perspectives bear impacts on the teachers' appraisal of the students' behavior in learning. The teachers' appraisal and emotional beliefs have some influences on their emotional stability, and, in turn, the emotional stability bears effects on the quality of their educative manners. Abstrak: Model Tindakan Guru Menanggapi Perilaku Siswa dalam Pembelajaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh antar faktor dalam model teoretik tindakan guru dalam pembelajaran. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan rancangan causal relationship-explanation terhadap 180 guru SD di kota Ma­lang yang diambil dengan teknik multistage cluster. Data dianalisis dengan Structural Equation Modeling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model struktural telah layak dan memperoleh dukungan empiris. Artinya, wawasan kependidikan mempengaruhi anggitan guru terhadap perilaku siswa. Anggitan dan keyakinan emosi guru mempengaruhi stabilitas emosi guru, dan stabilitas emosi mempengaruhi kualitas tindakan guru.

  9. Comparative Evaluation of Five Fire Emissions Datasets Using the GEOS-5 Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichoku, C. M.; Pan, X.; Chin, M.; Bian, H.; Darmenov, A.; Ellison, L.; Kucsera, T. L.; da Silva, A. M., Jr.; Petrenko, M. M.; Wang, J.; Ge, C.; Wiedinmyer, C.

    2017-12-01

    Wildfires and other types of biomass burning affect most vegetated parts of the globe, contributing 40% of the annual global atmospheric loading of carbonaceous aerosols, as well as significant amounts of numerous trace gases, such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and methane. Many of these smoke constituents affect the air quality and/or the climate system directly or through their interactions with solar radiation and cloud properties. However, fire emissions are poorly constrained in global and regional models, resulting in high levels of uncertainty in understanding their real impacts. With the advent of satellite remote sensing of fires and burned areas in the last couple of decades, a number of fire emissions products have become available for use in relevant research and applications. In this study, we evaluated five global biomass burning emissions datasets, namely: (1) GFEDv3.1 (Global Fire Emissions Database version 3.1); (2) GFEDv4s (Global Fire Emissions Database version 4 with small fires); (3) FEERv1 (Fire Energetics and Emissions Research version 1.0); (4) QFEDv2.4 (Quick Fire Emissions Dataset version 2.4); and (5) Fire INventory from NCAR (FINN) version 1.5. Overall, the spatial patterns of biomass burning emissions from these inventories are similar, although the magnitudes of the emissions can be noticeably different. The inventories derived using top-down approaches (QFEDv2.4 and FEERv1) are larger than those based on bottom-up approaches. For example, global organic carbon (OC) emissions in 2008 are: QFEDv2.4 (51.93 Tg), FEERv1 (28.48 Tg), FINN v1.5 (19.48 Tg), GFEDv3.1 (15.65 Tg) and GFEDv4s (13.76 Tg); representing a factor of 3.7 difference between the largest and the least. We also used all five biomass-burning emissions datasets to conduct aerosol simulations using the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5), and compared the resulting aerosol optical depth (AOD) output to the corresponding retrievals from MODIS

  10. MODEL EVALUASI INTERNAL KOMPETENSI GURU BAHASA INGGRIS (MODEL_EIKGBI) SMA

    OpenAIRE

    Sahraini Sahraini; Suwarsih Madya

    2015-01-01

    Studi ini bertujuan untuk: (1) mengembangkan model evaluasi kompetensi guru bahasa Inggris SMA yang dapat digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi kelebihan dan kekurangan guru dalam proses pemelajaran dan (2) mengetahui efektivitas implementasi evaluasi internal kompetensi guru bahasa Inggris SMA. Studi ini menggunakan metode penelitian dan pengembangan yang dikembangkan oleh Borg & Gall (1983, p.775). Subjek penelitian berjumlah 17 guru yang berasal dari 7 SMA di Sulawesi Selatan. Konstruk instrume...

  11. Atmospheric Constituents in GEOS-5: Components for an Earth System Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawson, Steven; Douglass, Anne; Duncan, Bryan; Nielsen, Eric; Ott, Leslie; Strode, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    The GEOS-S model is being developed for weather and climate processes, including the implementation of "Earth System" components. While the stratospheric chemistry capabilities are mature, we are presently extending this to include predictions of the tropospheric composition and chemistry - this includes CO2, CH4, CO, nitrogen species, etc. (Aerosols are also implemented, but are beyond the scope of this paper.) This work will give an overview of our chemistry modules, the approaches taken to represent surface emissions and uptake of chemical species, and some studies of the sensitivity of the atmospheric circulation to changes in atmospheric composition. Results are obtained through focused experiments and multi-decadal simulations.

  12. An Ensemble Recentering Kalman Filter with an Application to Argo Temperature Data Assimilation into the NASA GEOS-5 Coupled Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian L.

    2013-01-01

    A two-step ensemble recentering Kalman filter (ERKF) analysis scheme is introduced. The algorithm consists of a recentering step followed by an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) analysis step. The recentering step is formulated such as to adjust the prior distribution of an ensemble of model states so that the deviations of individual samples from the sample mean are unchanged but the original sample mean is shifted to the prior position of the most likely particle, where the likelihood of each particle is measured in terms of closeness to a chosen subset of the observations. The computational cost of the ERKF is essentially the same as that of a same size EnKF. The ERKF is applied to the assimilation of Argo temperature profiles into the OGCM component of an ensemble of NASA GEOS-5 coupled models. Unassimilated Argo salt data are used for validation. A surprisingly small number (16) of model trajectories is sufficient to significantly improve model estimates of salinity over estimates from an ensemble run without assimilation. The two-step algorithm also performs better than the EnKF although its performance is degraded in poorly observed regions.

  13. Uncertainty Quantification of GEOS-5 L-band Radiative Transfer Model Parameters Using Bayesian Inference and SMOS Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLannoy, Gabrielle J. M.; Reichle, Rolf H.; Vrugt, Jasper A.

    2013-01-01

    Uncertainties in L-band (1.4 GHz) radiative transfer modeling (RTM) affect the simulation of brightness temperatures (Tb) over land and the inversion of satellite-observed Tb into soil moisture retrievals. In particular, accurate estimates of the microwave soil roughness, vegetation opacity and scattering albedo for large-scale applications are difficult to obtain from field studies and often lack an uncertainty estimate. Here, a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation method is used to determine satellite-scale estimates of RTM parameters and their posterior uncertainty by minimizing the misfit between long-term averages and standard deviations of simulated and observed Tb at a range of incidence angles, at horizontal and vertical polarization, and for morning and evening overpasses. Tb simulations are generated with the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) and confronted with Tb observations from the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission. The MCMC algorithm suggests that the relative uncertainty of the RTM parameter estimates is typically less than 25 of the maximum a posteriori density (MAP) parameter value. Furthermore, the actual root-mean-square-differences in long-term Tb averages and standard deviations are found consistent with the respective estimated total simulation and observation error standard deviations of m3.1K and s2.4K. It is also shown that the MAP parameter values estimated through MCMC simulation are in close agreement with those obtained with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO).

  14. Assessing the Regional/Diurnal Bias between Satellite Retrievals and GEOS-5/MERRA Model Estimates of Land Surface Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarino, B. R.; Smith, W. L., Jr.; Minnis, P.; Bedka, K. M.

    2017-12-01

    Atmospheric models rely on high-accuracy, high-resolution initial radiometric and surface conditions for better short-term meteorological forecasts, as well as improved evaluation of global climate models. Continuous remote sensing of the Earth's energy budget, as conducted by the Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) project, allows for near-realtime evaluation of cloud and surface radiation properties. It is unfortunately common for there to be bias between atmospheric/surface radiation models and Earth-observations. For example, satellite-observed surface skin temperature (Ts), an important parameter for characterizing the energy exchange at the ground/water-atmosphere interface, can be biased due to atmospheric adjustment assumptions and anisotropy effects. Similarly, models are potentially biased by errors in initial conditions and regional forcing assumptions, which can be mitigated through assimilation with true measurements. As such, when frequent, broad-coverage, and accurate retrievals of satellite Ts are available, important insights into model estimates of Ts can be gained. The Satellite ClOud and Radiation Property retrieval System (SatCORPS) employs a single-channel thermal-infrared method to produce anisotropy-corrected Ts over clear-sky land and ocean surfaces from data taken by geostationary Earth orbit (GEO) satellite imagers. Regional and diurnal changes in model land surface temperature (LST) performance can be assessed owing to the somewhat continuous measurements of the LST offered by GEO satellites - measurements which are accurate to within 0.2 K. A seasonal, hourly comparison of satellite-observed LST with the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Version 5 (GEOS-5) and the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) LST estimates is conducted to reveal regional and diurnal biases. This assessment is an important first step for evaluating the effectiveness of Ts assimilation, as well for determining the

  15. MODEL EVALUASI INTERNAL KOMPETENSI GURU BAHASA INGGRIS (MODEL_EIKGBI SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahraini Sahraini

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Studi ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mengembangkan model evaluasi kompetensi guru bahasa Inggris SMA yang dapat digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi kelebihan dan kekurangan guru dalam proses pemelajaran dan (2 mengetahui efektivitas implementasi evaluasi internal kompetensi guru bahasa Inggris SMA. Studi ini menggunakan metode penelitian dan pengembangan yang dikembangkan oleh Borg & Gall (1983, p.775. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 17 guru yang berasal dari 7 SMA di Sulawesi Selatan. Konstruk instrumen terdiri atas instrumen untuk mengevaluasi kompetensi guru bahasa Inggris dalam merencanakan pemelajaran, instrumen untuk mengevaluasi kompetensi guru dalam melaksanaan proses pemelajaran, dan instrumen untuk mengevaluai kompetensi guru dalam mengevaluasi hasil proses pemelajaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa instrumen yang dikembangkan dapat digunakan untuk mengevaluasi kompetensi guru bahasa Inggris. Untuk mengetahui sejauh mana tingkat efektivitas Model Evaluasi Internal Kompetensi Guru Bahasa Inggris SMA, model ini kemudian dievaluasi oleh teman sejawat guru bahasa Inggris dan guru bahasa Inggris itu sendiri. Mereka menyimpulkan bahwa komponen dari model tersebut adalah komprehensip, praktis, ekonomis, dan telah didukung oleh instrumen yang valid dan reliabel. Kata kunci: evaluasi internal, model evaluasi, kompetensi guru   INTERNAL EVALUATION MODEL OF ENGLISH TEACHERS’ COMPETENCY (IEMET FOR SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL Abstract High School that can be used to identify the teacher’s strengths and weaknesses in learning and teaching processes and (2 find out the implementation effectiveness of the Internal Evaluation Model of English Teachers’ Competency for Senior High School. This study used research & development methods by following the pattern of phases developed by Borg & Gall (1983, p.775.  The subjects of this study were seventeen English teachers from seven Senior High Schools in South Sulawesi. The constructs of instruments consist of the

  16. Using Ensemble Short-Term Initialized Coupled NASA GEOS5 Climate Model Integrations to Study Convective Bias Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Charlie; Robertson, Franklin; Molod, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    The representation of convective processes, particularly deep convection in the tropics, remains a persistent problem in climate models. In fact structural biases in the distribution of tropical rainfall in the CMIP5 models is hardly different than that of the CMIP3 versions. Given that regional climate change at higher latitudes is sensitive to the configuration of tropical forcing, this persistent bias is a major issue for the credibility of climate change projections. In this study we use model output from integrations of the NASA Global Earth Observing System Five (GEOS5) climate modeling system to study the evolution of biases in the location and intensity of convective processes. We take advantage of a series of hindcast experiments done in support of the US North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) initiative. For these experiments a nine-month forecast using a coupled model configuration is made approximately every five days over the past 30 years. Each forecast is started with an updated analysis of the ocean, atmosphere and land states. For a given calendar month we have approximately 180 forecasts with daily means of various quantities. These forecasts can be averaged to essentially remove "weather scales" and highlight systematic errors as they evolve. Our primary question is to ask how the spatial structure of daily mean precipitation over the tropics evolves from the initial state and what physical processes are involved. Errors in parameterized convection, various water and energy fluxes and the divergent circulation are found to set up on fast time scales (order five days) compared to errors in the ocean, although SST changes can be non-negligible over that time. For the month of June the difference between forecast day five versus day zero precipitation looks quite similar to the difference between the June precipitation climatology and that from the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP). We focus much of our analysis on the influence of

  17. PERAN GURU DALAM MEMBENTUK ARIF BUDAYA SISWA MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN THINK PAIR SHARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarsisia Devi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini ditulis dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui peran guru dalam pembentukkan arif budaya siswa melalui model pembelajaran Think Pair Share. Model pembelajaran Think Pair Share diterapkan untuk meningkatkan daya pikir siswa dalam memecahkan suatu persoalan materi pelajaran, sehingga tercipta budaya siswa untuk berpikir cerdas. Guru mampu membentuk arif budaya siswa. Oleh karena itu guru harus dapat menjadi sumber inspirasi bagi siswa, mampu mengerakkan minat siswa untuk dapat tercipta arif budaya yang baik bagi dirinya. Guru tidak hanya menjadi pendidik, numun juga harus mampu membangkitkan semangat siswa untuk tidak malas berpikir. Metode kajian yang digunakan dalam penulisan artikel ini adalah observasi. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa guru dituntut sebagai transformator, fasilitator dan motivator dalam pembentukkan arif budaya siswa.

  18. Development of Two-Moment Cloud Microphysics for Liquid and Ice Within the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barahona, Donifan; Molod, Andrea M.; Bacmeister, Julio; Nenes, Athanasios; Gettelman, Andrew; Morrison, Hugh; Phillips, Vaughan,; Eichmann, Andrew F.

    2013-01-01

    This work presents the development of a two-moment cloud microphysics scheme within the version 5 of the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5). The scheme includes the implementation of a comprehensive stratiform microphysics module, a new cloud coverage scheme that allows ice supersaturation and a new microphysics module embedded within the moist convection parameterization of GEOS-5. Comprehensive physically-based descriptions of ice nucleation, including homogeneous and heterogeneous freezing, and liquid droplet activation are implemented to describe the formation of cloud particles in stratiform clouds and convective cumulus. The effect of preexisting ice crystals on the formation of cirrus clouds is also accounted for. A new parameterization of the subgrid scale vertical velocity distribution accounting for turbulence and gravity wave motion is developed. The implementation of the new microphysics significantly improves the representation of liquid water and ice in GEOS-5. Evaluation of the model shows agreement of the simulated droplet and ice crystal effective and volumetric radius with satellite retrievals and in situ observations. The simulated global distribution of supersaturation is also in agreement with observations. It was found that when using the new microphysics the fraction of condensate that remains as liquid follows a sigmoidal increase with temperature which differs from the linear increase assumed in most models and is in better agreement with available observations. The performance of the new microphysics in reproducing the observed total cloud fraction, longwave and shortwave cloud forcing, and total precipitation is similar to the operational version of GEOS-5 and in agreement with satellite retrievals. However the new microphysics tends to underestimate the coverage of persistent low level stratocumulus. Sensitivity studies showed that the simulated cloud properties are robust to moderate variation in cloud microphysical parameters

  19. Ensemble mean climatology of snow darkening effect due to deposition of dust, black carbon, and organic carbon as simulated with the NASA GEOS-5 Earth System Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, T. J.; Lau, W. K.; Mahanama, S. P.; Colarco, P. R.; Koster, R. D.; Kim, K.; da Silva, A.

    2013-12-01

    The importance of the snow darkening effect (SDE) caused by solar absorbing aerosols such as dust and black carbon (BC) on climate has been discussed in previous studies. We have developed a snow darkening package for the catchment land surface model coupled to the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5), Earth System Model. Our snow darkening package includes the schemes for snow albedo and mass concentration calculations in polluted snow by dust, BC, and organic carbon (OC) depositions. The snow darkening package is currently available for seasonal snowpack over the model-defined land areas, excluding sea ice and inland of the ice sheets. The depositions of the solar absorbing aerosols are obtained from the GOCART aerosol module in the GEOS-5. Here we show the preliminary results of ensemble mean climatology (EMC) of the full SDE (i.e., dust+BC+OC). Ensemble simulations covering 10-year of 2002-2011 were carried out with the GEOS-5 including and excluding the full SDE for which each has 10 ensemble members. Shortwave radiative forcing (RF) at the top of atmosphere under all-sky condition for the 10-member EMC of the full SDE was relatively larger over Europe, Central Asia (CA), the Himalayas, the Tibetan Plateau (TP), East Asia (EA), Eastern Siberia (ES), the US, and Canadian Arctic. The RF was the strongest over the Himalayas and the TP in the northern hemisphere. The increases of surface air temperature also well correspond to the RF pattern. Larger reductions of snow water equivalent in seasonal snowpack were seen over the Himalayas, the TP, Alaska, Western Canada, and Arctic regions. We will discuss more on the day of the presentation.

  20. Land Boundary Conditions for the Goddard Earth Observing System Model Version 5 (GEOS-5) Climate Modeling System: Recent Updates and Data File Descriptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahanama, Sarith P.; Koster, Randal D.; Walker, Gregory K.; Takacs, Lawrence L.; Reichle, Rolf H.; De Lannoy, Gabrielle; Liu, Qing; Zhao, Bin; Suarez, Max J.

    2015-01-01

    The Earths land surface boundary conditions in the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) modeling system were updated using recent high spatial and temporal resolution global data products. The updates include: (i) construction of a global 10-arcsec land-ocean lakes-ice mask; (ii) incorporation of a 10-arcsec Globcover 2009 land cover dataset; (iii) implementation of Level 12 Pfafstetter hydrologic catchments; (iv) use of hybridized SRTM global topography data; (v) construction of the HWSDv1.21-STATSGO2 merged global 30 arc second soil mineral and carbon data in conjunction with a highly-refined soil classification system; (vi) production of diffuse visible and near-infrared 8-day MODIS albedo climatologies at 30-arcsec from the period 2001-2011; and (vii) production of the GEOLAND2 and MODIS merged 8-day LAI climatology at 30-arcsec for GEOS-5. The global data sets were preprocessed and used to construct global raster data files for the software (mkCatchParam) that computes parameters on catchment-tiles for various atmospheric grids. The updates also include a few bug fixes in mkCatchParam, as well as changes (improvements in algorithms, etc.) to mkCatchParam that allow it to produce tile-space parameters efficiently for high resolution AGCM grids. The update process also includes the construction of data files describing the vegetation type fractions, soil background albedo, nitrogen deposition and mean annual 2m air temperature to be used with the future Catchment CN model and the global stream channel network to be used with the future global runoff routing model. This report provides detailed descriptions of the data production process and data file format of each updated data set.

  1. KEMAMPUAN PROFESIONAL GURU BIOLOGI DALAM MEMAHAMI DAN MERANCANG MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KONSERVASI BIODIVERSITAS DI SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suroso Mukti Leksono

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penguasaan konsep konservasi biodiversitas guru biologi dan cara mengajarkannya. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan menggunakan angket pada 31 guru SMA/MA di Kota/Kab Serang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 52% guru telah memahami konsep biodiversitas, namun hanya 3% yang memahami konsep konservasi. Model yang digunakan guru dalam mengajarkan konservasi biodiversitas, 58% menggunakan observasi, 45% diskusi, 23% ceramah dan 16% tanya jawab. Untuk tingkat kesukaran, 87% guru beranggapan mudah memahami materi konservasi biodiversitas dan 81% beranggapan mudah mengajarkannya dibandingkan dengan materi IPA lainnya. Guru-guru selama ini hanya 6% saja yang memperoleh pengetahuan tentang konservasi biodiversitas pada saat pelatihan. Oleh sebab itu diperlukan pelatihan-pelatihan melalui Continuing Professional Development (CPD. Kata Kunci: guru profesional, konservasi biodiversitas, continuing professional development (CPD BIOLOGY TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL ABILITY IN UNDERSTANDING AND DESIGNING INSTRUCTION ON BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN SMA Abstract: The purpose of this study was to gain the knowledge about biology teachers’ concept mastery on biodiversity conservation as well as how to teach it. This study used descriptive methods with the questionnaires to 31 respondents of SMA/MA in Kota/KabSerang. The research result showed that 52% respondents had mastered the biodiversity concept. However, only 3% of respondents had fully mastered biodiversity conservation. In addition, for the teaching methods 58% respondents used observation, 45% respondents used discussion, 23% respondents used lecturing and 16% respondents used an interactive method. Moreover, for the difficulty level, 87% of respondents argued that it was easy to master the biodiversity conservation materials and 81% said that it was easier to teach the concept than other concepts. Only 6% of the teachers had gained

  2. PENGEMBANGAN BUKU PEDOMAN GURU PADA PEMBELAJARAN FISIKA SMA MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PROBLEM SOLVING LEVEL INKUIRI

    OpenAIRE

    Susi Fatikhah Setiyawati; Heru Kuswanto

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1) menghasilkan buku pedoman guru untuk pembelajaran fisika SMA menggunakan model problem solving sesuai level inkuiri yang layak digunakan; (2) mendeskripsikan keberhasilan pembelajaran fisika menggunakan model problem solving (MPS) sesuai dengan level inkuiri sesuai dengan buku pedoman terhadap peningkatan aktivitas peserta didik dan kemampuan berpikir kritis peserta didik. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan, sesuai langkah yang dikembangkan oleh Bor...

  3. Uncertainty quantification of GEOS-5 L-band radiative transfer model parameters using Bayesian inference and SMOS observations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Lannoy, G.J.M.; Reichle, R.H.; Vrugt, J.A.

    2014-01-01

    Uncertainties in L-band (1.4 GHz) microwave radiative transfer modeling (RTM) affect the simulation of brightness temperatures (Tb) over land and the inversion of satellite-observed Tb into soil moisture retrievals. In particular, accurate estimates of the microwave soil roughness, vegetation

  4. Total Dust Deposition Flux During Precipitation in Toyama, Japan, in the Spring of 2009: A Sensitivity Analysis with the NASA GEOS-5 Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, Teppei J.; Colarco, Peter R.; Lau, William K. M.; Osada, Kazuo; Kido, Mizuka; Mahanama, Sarith P. P.; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Da Silva, Arlindo M.

    2015-01-01

    We compared the observed total dust deposition fluxes during precipitation (TDP) mainly at Toyama in Japan during the period January - April 2009 with results available from four NASA GEOS-5 global model experiments. The modeled results were obtained from three previous experiments and carried out in one experiment, which were all driven by assimilated meteorology and simulating aerosol distributions for the time period. We focus mainly on the observations of two distinct TDP events, which were reported in Osada et al. (2011), at Toyama, Japan, in February (Event B) and March 2009 (Event C). Although all of our GEOS-5 simulations captured aspects of the observed TDP, we found that our low horizontal spatial resolution control experiment performed generally the worst. The other three experiments were run at a higher spatial resolution, with the first differing only in that respect from the control, the second adding imposed a prescribed corrected precipitation product, and the final experiment adding as well assimilation of aerosol optical depth based on MODIS observations. During Event C, the increased horizontal resolution could increase TDP with precipitation increase. There was no significant improvement, however, due to the imposition of the corrected precipitation product. The simulation that incorporated aerosol data assimilation performed was by far the best for this event, but even so could only reproduce less than half of the observed TDP despite the significantly increased atmospheric dust mass concentrations. All three of the high spatial resolution experiments had higher simulated precipitation at Toyama than was observed and that in the lower resolution control run. During Event B, the aerosol data assimilation run did not perform appreciably better than the other higher resolution simulations, suggesting that upstream conditions (i.e., upstream cloudiness), or vertical or horizontal misplacement of the dust plume did not allow for significant

  5. Surface Pressure Dependencies in the GEOS-Chem-Adjoint System and the Impact of the GEOS-5 Surface Pressure on CO2 Model Forecast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Meemong; Weidner, Richard

    2016-01-01

    In the GEOS-Chem Adjoint (GCA) system, the total (wet) surface pressure of the GEOS meteorology is employed as dry surface pressure, ignoring the presence of water vapor. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) research team has been evaluating the impact of the above discrepancy on the CO2 model forecast and the CO2 flux inversion. The JPL CMS research utilizes a multi-mission assimilation framework developed by the Multi-Mission Observation Operator (M2O2) research team at JPL extending the GCA system. The GCA-M2O2 framework facilitates mission-generic 3D and 4D-variational assimilations streamlining the interfaces to the satellite data products and prior emission inventories. The GCA-M2O2 framework currently integrates the GCA system version 35h and provides a dry surface pressure setup to allow the CO2 model forecast to be performed with the GEOS-5 surface pressure directly or after converting it to dry surface pressure.

  6. IMPLEMENTASI MODEL TUTORIAL BERBASIS KOMPUTER FISIOLOGI HEWAN UNTUK MEMBEKALI KEMAMPUAN REKONSTRUKSI KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeng Slamet

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan model perkuliahan fisiologi hewan yang diharapkan mampu membekali kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep bagi mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Strategi perkuliahan ditempuh melalui implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer. Sebanyak 80 orang mahasiswa S1 calon guru biologi dibagi ke dalam dua kelompok, 41 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial komputer, dan 39 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan konvensional. Kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep diukur dengan membandingkan skor sebelum pembelajaran (pretes dengan setelah implementasi model (postes di antara kedua kelompok belajar. Selain itu, untuk mengungkap pandangan mahasiswa mengenai pengalaman belajarnya, seperangkat angket disebarkan kepada mahasiswa yang mengikuti model perkuliahan.  Efektivitas program perkuliahan dievaluasi dengan tes tertulis bentuk respon terbatas pada mahasiswa yang mengikuti program perkuliahan model tutorial komputer dibandingkan dengan mahasiswa dari kelompok konvensional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan secara keseluruhan terjadi peningkatan  kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep pada kedua kelompok belajar, namun mahasiswa yang mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial berbasis komputer menunjukkan peningkatan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok mahasiswa peserta perkuliahan konvensional. Mahasiswa menanggapi positif implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer dalam perkuliahan fisiologi hewan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model tutorial berbasis komputer pada penelitian ini dinyatakan lebih efektif dan mampu  membekali mahasiwa calon guru biologi dalam meningkatkan kemampuan  rekonstruksi konsep.

  7. Spatial Variability in Column CO2 Inferred from High Resolution GEOS-5 Global Model Simulations: Implications for Remote Sensing and Inversions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, L.; Putman, B.; Collatz, J.; Gregg, W.

    2012-01-01

    Column CO2 observations from current and future remote sensing missions represent a major advancement in our understanding of the carbon cycle and are expected to help constrain source and sink distributions. However, data assimilation and inversion methods are challenged by the difference in scale of models and observations. OCO-2 footprints represent an area of several square kilometers while NASA s future ASCENDS lidar mission is likely to have an even smaller footprint. In contrast, the resolution of models used in global inversions are typically hundreds of kilometers wide and often cover areas that include combinations of land, ocean and coastal areas and areas of significant topographic, land cover, and population density variations. To improve understanding of scales of atmospheric CO2 variability and representativeness of satellite observations, we will present results from a global, 10-km simulation of meteorology and atmospheric CO2 distributions performed using NASA s GEOS-5 general circulation model. This resolution, typical of mesoscale atmospheric models, represents an order of magnitude increase in resolution over typical global simulations of atmospheric composition allowing new insight into small scale CO2 variations across a wide range of surface flux and meteorological conditions. The simulation includes high resolution flux datasets provided by NASA s Carbon Monitoring System Flux Pilot Project at half degree resolution that have been down-scaled to 10-km using remote sensing datasets. Probability distribution functions are calculated over larger areas more typical of global models (100-400 km) to characterize subgrid-scale variability in these models. Particular emphasis is placed on coastal regions and regions containing megacities and fires to evaluate the ability of coarse resolution models to represent these small scale features. Additionally, model output are sampled using averaging kernels characteristic of OCO-2 and ASCENDS measurement

  8. Update on the NASA GEOS-5 Aerosol Forecasting and Data Assimilation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, Peter; da Silva, Arlindo; Aquila, Valentina; Bian, Huisheng; Buchard, Virginie; Castellanos, Patricia; Darmenov, Anton; Follette-Cook, Melanie; Govindaraju, Ravi; Keller, Christoph; hide

    2017-01-01

    GEOS-5 is the Goddard Earth Observing System model. GEOS-5 is maintained by the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office. Core development is within GMAO,Goddard Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, and with external partners. Primary GEOS-5 functions: Earth system model for studying climate variability and change, provide research quality reanalyses for supporting NASA instrument teams and scientific community, provide near-real time forecasts of meteorology,aerosols, and other atmospheric constituents to support NASA airborne campaigns.

  9. An Overview of the GEOS-5 Aerosol Reanalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Arlindo; Colarco, Peter Richard; Damenov, Anton Spasov; Buchard-Marchant, Virginie; Randles, Cynthia A.; Gupta, Pawan

    2011-01-01

    GEOS-5 is the latest version of the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) earth system model. GEOS-5 contains components for atmospheric circulation and composition (including data assimilation), ocean circulation and biogeochemistry, and land surface processes. In addition to traditional meteorological parameters, GEOS-5 includes modules representing the atmospheric composition, most notably aerosols and tropospheric/stratospheric chemical constituents, taking explicit account of the impact of these constituents on the radiative processes of the atmosphere. MERRA is a NASA meteorological reanalysis for the satellite era (1979-present) using GEOS-5. This project focuses on historical analyses of the hydrological cycle on a broad range of weather and climate time scales. As a first step towards an integrated Earth System Analysis (IESA), the GMAO is extending MERRA with reanalyses for other components of the earth system: land, ocean, bio-geochemistry and atmospheric constituents. In this talk we will present results from the MERRA-driven aerosol reanalysis covering the Aqua period (2003-present). The assimilation of Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) in GEOS-5 involves very careful cloud screening and homogenization of the observing system by means of a Neural Net scheme that translates MODIS radiances into AERONET calibrated AOD. These measurements are further quality controlled using an adaptive buddy check scheme, and assimilated using the Local Displacement Ensemble (LDE) methodology. For this reanalysis, GEOS-5 runs at a nominal 50km horizontal resolution with 72 vertical layers (top at approx. 8Skm). GEOS-5 is driven by daily biomass burning emissions derived from MODIS fire radiative power retrievals. We will present a summary of our efforts to validate such dataset. The GEOS-5 assimilated aerosol fields are first validated by comparison to independent in-situ measurements (AERONET and PM2.5 surface concentrations). In order to asses aerosol

  10. Performance Tests of Snow-Related Variables Over the Tibetan Plateau and Himalayas Using a New Version of NASA GEOS-5 Land Surface Model that Includes the Snow Darkening Effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, Tppei J.; Lau, K.-U.; Koster, Randal D.; Suarez, Max; Mahanama, Sarith; Dasilva, Arlindo M.; Colarco, Peter R.

    2011-01-01

    The snow darkening effect, i.e. the reduction of snow albedo, is caused by absorption of solar radiation by absorbing aerosols (dust, black carbon, and organic carbon) deposited on the snow surface. This process is probably important over Himalayan and Tibetan glaciers due to the transport of highly polluted Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) from the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP). This effect has been incorporated into the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System model, version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric transport model. The Catchment land surface model (LSM) used in GEOS-5 considers 3 snow layers. Code was developed to track the mass concentration of aerosols in the three layers, taking into account such processes as the flushing of the compounds as liquid water percolates through the snowpack. In GEOS-5, aerosol emissions, transports, and depositions are well simulated in the Goddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport (GO CART) module; we recently made the connection between GOCART and the GEOS-5 system fitted with the revised LSM. Preliminary simulations were performed with this new system in "replay" mode (i.e., with atmospheric dynamics guided by reanalysis) at 2x2.5 degree horizontal resolution, covering the period 1 November 2005 - 31 December 2009; we consider the final three years of simulation here. The three simulations used the following variants of the LSM: (1) the original Catchment LSM with a fixed fresh snowfall density of 150 kg m-3 ; (2) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code, used here without aerosol deposition but with changes in density formulation and melting water effect on snow specific surface area, (3) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code as same as (2) but with fixed aerosol deposition rates (computed from GOCART values averaged over the Tibetan Plateau domain [Ion.: 60-120E; lat.: 20-50N] during March-May 2008) applied to all grid points at every time step. For (2) and (3), the same setting on the fresh snowfall density as in (1

  11. File Specification for GEOS-5 FP (Forward Processing)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucchesi, R.

    2013-01-01

    The GEOS-5 FP Atmospheric Data Assimilation System (GEOS-5 ADAS) uses an analysis developed jointly with NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), which allows the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) to take advantage of the developments at NCEP and the Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation (JCSDA). The GEOS-5 AGCM uses the finite-volume dynamics (Lin, 2004) integrated with various physics packages (e.g, Bacmeister et al., 2006), under the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) including the Catchment Land Surface Model (CLSM) (e.g., Koster et al., 2000). The GSI analysis is a three-dimensional variational (3DVar) analysis applied in grid-point space to facilitate the implementation of anisotropic, inhomogeneous covariances (e.g., Wu et al., 2002; Derber et al., 2003). The GSI implementation for GEOS-5 FP incorporates a set of recursive filters that produce approximately Gaussian smoothing kernels and isotropic correlation functions. The GEOS-5 ADAS is documented in Rienecker et al. (2008). More recent updates to the model are presented in Molod et al. (2011). The GEOS-5 system actively assimilates roughly 2 × 10(exp 6) observations for each analysis, including about 7.5 × 10(exp 5) AIRS radiance data. The input stream is roughly twice this volume, but because of the large volume, the data are thinned commensurate with the analysis grid to reduce the computational burden. Data are also rejected from the analysis through quality control procedures designed to detect, for example, the presence of cloud. To minimize the spurious periodic perturbations of the analysis, GEOS-5 FP uses the Incremental Analysis Update (IAU) technique developed by Bloom et al. (1996). More details of this procedure are given in Appendix A. The assimilation is performed at a horizontal resolution of 0.3125-degree longitude by 0.25- degree latitude and at 72 levels, extending to 0.01 hPa. All products are generated at the native resolution of the

  12. MODEL PELATIHAN GURU ILMU PENGETAHUAN SOSIAL DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH KARTASURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjipto Subadi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to review and describe: 1 Coaching model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura. 2 Test the validation of coaching model on social sciences teacher. This study used a qualitative approach of phenomenology. This study was conducted in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura, Sukoharjo district. The research design was classroom action research. The subject in this research were students, teachers, the principal. Data collection technique used observation, testing and interview. The interview process using theory of first and second order understanding. Data were analyzed using an interactive model included data reduction, data display, and conclusion. This study concluded that 1 Coaching Model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura used modification lesson study approach. 2 Validation of the coaching model using two kinds of validation namely theory of validation and practice of validation.

  13. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBINAAN KOMPETENSI CALON GURU MATEMATIKA MELALUI LESSON STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmad Bustanul Anwar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Education has a very important role in improving the quality of human resources. Therefore, education is expected to be one of the ways to prepare generations of qualified human resources and has the ability to deal with the progress of time and technology development . In order to enhance the quality of student mastery of competencies in the development of prospective teachers in this study will be applied to the activities in the process of lesson study in lecture . Lesson study is a model of coaching to people who work as both teacher educators and lecturers through collaborative learning and assessment in building sustainable learning communities. The purpose of this research is to improve the competence of prospective mathematics teachers through lesson study . More specifically , this study aims to describe the efforts made to improve the pedagogical, professional competence , social competence and personal competence prospective mathematics teachers through lesson study . Subjects in this study were students who took the micro teaching courses totaling 15 students , divided into 3 group . This type of research is a qualitative descriptive study is to develop the competence of prospective mathematics teachers through lesson study . Lesson study conducted collaborated with Action Research activities ( Action Reseach. The results of this research activity is the implementation of lesson study to greater competence to prospective teachers teaching mathematics through the micro subjects namely: pedagogical competence categories were 80 % and 20 % lower, professional competence categories were 46.7 % and 53.3 % lower, personal competence 100 % category being and social competence categories were 86.7 % and 13.3 % lower .

  14. Performance tests of snow-related variables over the Tibetan Plateau and Himalayas using a new version of NASA GEOS-5 land surface model that includes the snow darkening effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, T. J.; Lau, W. K.; Koster, R. D.; Suarez, M.; Mahanama, S. P.; da Silva, A.; Colarco, P. R.

    2011-12-01

    The snow darkening effect, i.e. the reduction of snow albedo, is caused by absorption of solar radiation by absorbing aerosols (dust, black carbon, and organic carbon) deposited on the snow surface. This process is probably important over Himalayan and Tibetan glaciers due to the transport of highly polluted Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) from the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP). This effect has been incorporated into the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System model, version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric transport model. The Catchment land surface model (LSM) used in GEOS-5 considers 3 snow layers. Code was developed to track the mass concentration of aerosols in the three layers, taking into account such processes as the flushing of the compounds as liquid water percolates through the snowpack. In GEOS-5, aerosol emissions, transports, and depositions are well simulated in the Goddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport (GOCART) module; we recently made the connection between GOCART and the GEOS-5 system fitted with the revised LSM. Preliminary simulations were performed with this new system in "replay" mode (i.e., with atmospheric dynamics guided by reanalysis) at 2x2.5 degree horizontal resolution, covering the period 1 November 2005 - 31 December 2009; we consider the final three years of simulation here. The three simulations used the following variants of the LSM: (1) the original Catchment LSM with a fixed fresh snowfall density of 150 kg m-3; (2) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code, used here without aerosol deposition but with changes in density formulation and melting water effect on snow specific surface area, (3) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code as same as (2) but with fixed aerosol deposition rates (computed from GOCART values averaged over the Tibetan Plateau domain [lon.: 60-120E; lat.: 20-50N] during March-May 2008) applied to all grid points at every time step. For (2) and (3), the same setting on the fresh snowfall density as in (1) was

  15. Identifikasi Komponen Model Pelatihan Pedagogi untuk Meningkatkan Profesionalitas Calon Guru Kejuruan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Febriana

    2016-05-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan komponen model pelatihan pedagogi untuk meningkatkan profesionalitas calon guru kejuruan. Studi ini direncanakan akan memerlukan waktu tiga tahun. Pada tahun pertama dihasilkan komponen model pelatihan pedagogik beserta ujicoba pada skala internal UNJ. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif yang berdurasi selama tiga tahun. Luaran penelitian pada tahun pertama adalah identifikasi komponen model pelatihan pedagogik, tahun kedua menghasilkan model pelatihan pedagogi dan tahun ketiga menguji efektivitas model dengan mengintegrasikan mata kuliah kependidikan yang bersifat prerequisit sehingga setiap mahasiswa yang telah menyelesaikan matakuliah kependidikan akan memiliki kompetensi pedagogik yang dapat meningkatkan profesionalitas keguruannya.Penelitian ini menggunakan desain research and development dengan mengadopsi model latihan keterampilan kerja (skill training for the job. Subyek penelitian adalah mahasiswa di Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negeri Jakarta. Tahun pertama menempuh alur sebagai berikut: (1 studi literatur, (2 pengumpulan data lapangan dan triangulasi data, (3 deskripsi dan analisis temuan terhadap komponen model pembelajaran yang terdapat pada pendidikan kejuruan. Target yang dicapai pada tahun pertama yaitu identifikasi komponen model pelatihan pedagogik.

  16. The Representation of Tropical Cyclones Within the Global William Putman Non-Hydrostatic Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5) at Cloud-Permitting Resolutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putman, William M.

    2010-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-S), an earth system model developed in the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO), has integrated the non-hydrostatic finite-volume dynamical core on the cubed-sphere grid. The extension to a non-hydrostatic dynamical framework and the quasi-uniform cubed-sphere geometry permits the efficient exploration of global weather and climate modeling at cloud permitting resolutions of 10- to 4-km on today's high performance computing platforms. We have explored a series of incremental increases in global resolution with GEOS-S from irs standard 72-level 27-km resolution (approx.5.5 million cells covering the globe from the surface to 0.1 hPa) down to 3.5-km (approx. 3.6 billion cells).

  17. Errors and improvements in the use of archived meteorological data for chemical transport modeling: an analysis using GEOS-Chem v11-01 driven by GEOS-5 meteorology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Yu

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Global simulations of atmospheric chemistry are commonly conducted with off-line chemical transport models (CTMs driven by archived meteorological data from general circulation models (GCMs. The off-line approach has the advantages of simplicity and expediency, but it incurs errors due to temporal averaging in the meteorological archive and the inability to reproduce the GCM transport algorithms exactly. The CTM simulation is also often conducted at coarser grid resolution than the parent GCM. Here we investigate this cascade of CTM errors by using 222Rn–210Pb–7Be chemical tracer simulations off-line in the GEOS-Chem CTM at rectilinear 0.25°  ×  0.3125° (≈ 25 km and 2°  ×  2.5° (≈ 200 km resolutions and online in the parent GEOS-5 GCM at cubed-sphere c360 (≈ 25 km and c48 (≈ 200 km horizontal resolutions. The c360 GEOS-5 GCM meteorological archive, updated every 3 h and remapped to 0.25°  ×  0.3125°, is the standard operational product generated by the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO and used as input by GEOS-Chem. We find that the GEOS-Chem 222Rn simulation at native 0.25°  ×  0.3125° resolution is affected by vertical transport errors of up to 20 % relative to the GEOS-5 c360 online simulation, in part due to loss of transient organized vertical motions in the GCM (resolved convection that are temporally averaged out in the 3 h meteorological archive. There is also significant error caused by operational remapping of the meteorological archive from a cubed-sphere to a rectilinear grid. Decreasing the GEOS-Chem resolution from 0.25°  ×  0.3125° to 2°  ×  2.5° induces further weakening of vertical transport as transient vertical motions are averaged out spatially and temporally. The resulting 222Rn concentrations simulated by the coarse-resolution GEOS-Chem are overestimated by up to 40 % in surface air relative to the

  18. ANALISIS DESKRIPTIF DALAM PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PBL (PROBLEM BASED LEARNING OLEH GURU MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI SMA NEGERI 1 SLIYEG KABUPATEN INDRAMAYU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheilla Az Zahra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini antara lain : (1 Perencanaan pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi (2 Pelaksanaan pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi di SMAN 1 Sliyeg (3 Evaluasi pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SMA Negeri 1 Sliyeg Kabupaten Indramayu. Alat analisis data adalah analisis interaksi. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara dan dokumentasi. Informan utama adalah guru mata pelajaran Ekonomi. Teknik analisis data dalam penelitian ini meliputi : pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan atau verifikasi data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa guru-guru mata pelajaran Ekonomi di SMAN 1 Sliyeg selalu membuat perangkat pembelajaran di awal semester dan selalu menyusun dan mempersiapkan RPP sebelum mengajar. Pelaksanaan pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi sudah cukup baik dan guru pun cukup memahami mengenai PBL dan mendapat respon positif dari siswa. Evaluasi dan penilaian dari guru Ekonomi masing-masing mempunyai cara yang berbeda, seperti quiz dan tanya jawab, lalu guru memberi nilai tambahan kepada siswa yang aktif dalam menjawab. Saran yang diberikan dalam penelitian ini adalah guru sebaiknya meningkatkan pemahaman mengenai pembelajaran PBL. Guru harus lebih berwawasan luas, meningkatkan kretivitas dan inovatif dalam pelaksanaan PBL. Guru harus memperluas wawasan dan lebih kreatif lagi dalam mengembangkan cara evaluasi pada akhir pembelajaran. One of these models is the learning of model PBL (Problem Based Learning. It is expected that a better model of PBL to increase student activity when compared with the model konvesional.So far this learning process is still dominated by a paradigm that states that a knowledge of the facts is to be memorized. Problems in this study include: (1 Planning of PBL learning by teachers of Economics (2 The implementation of PBL learning by Economics teacher at SMAN 1

  19. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL INTERNALISASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PANCASILA PADA GURU PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Supeni

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengembangkan model internalisasi pendidikan karakter se- bagai penguatan nilai-nilai Pancasila, mengetahui langkah dan efektivitas model, mengembangkan strategi yang efektif, serta memperoleh hasil pengembangan bahan ajar oleh guru PAUD di Kota Surakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan model penelitian dan pengembangan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, focus group discussion, wawancara, dan dokumentasi, sedang teknik analisis data dilakukan dengan membuat reduksi data dan sajian data secara terus-menerus. Strategi pengembangan model pendidikan karakter disesuaikan dengan materi melalui media bermain peran, gambar, menyanyikan lagu nasional, dan rasa cinta tanah air. Out bond efektif pada praktik pendidikan karakter melalui nilai-nilai dasar etika dan moral dijadikan sebagai basis pendidikan Pancasila. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model yang dilakukan valid dan reliabel. Penelitian berhasil mengembangkan model pendidikan karakter dalam internalisasi pendidikan Pancasila pada anak usia dini lewat beberapa model strategi pengembangan pendidikan karakter dalam menginternalisasikan Pancasila pada PAUD melalui tabel model yang akan diterapkan dalam proses pendidikan. Kata Kunci: pendidikan karakter, Pancasila, PAUD DEVELOPING A MODEL OF THE PANCASILA CHARACTER EDUCATION INTERNALISATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHERS Abstract: This study was aimed to develop a model of the internalisation of the Pancasila character education, to find out the stages and effectiveness of the model, to develop an effective strategy, and to obtain the result of the materials developed by early childhood teachers in Surakarta Municipality. This study used a research and development model. The data were collected through observations, focus group discussion, interviews, and documentation, and the data were analyzed by reducing the data and displaying the data continuously. The strategi of developing the model of character

  20. PENGEMBANGAN BUKU PEDOMAN GURU PADA PEMBELAJARAN FISIKA SMA MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PROBLEM SOLVING LEVEL INKUIRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susi Fatikhah Setiyawati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1 menghasilkan buku pedoman guru untuk pembelajaran fisika SMA menggunakan model problem solving sesuai level inkuiri yang layak digunakan; (2 mendeskripsikan keberhasilan pembelajaran fisika menggunakan model problem solving (MPS sesuai dengan level inkuiri sesuai dengan buku pedoman terhadap peningkatan aktivitas peserta didik dan kemampuan berpikir kritis peserta didik. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan, sesuai langkah yang dikembangkan oleh Borg & Gall. Subjek coba menggunakan delapan kelas. Pengumpulan data menggunakan angket respon peserta didik, lembar observasi keterlaksanaan proses pembelajaran, lembar observasi aktivitas belajar dan tes kemampuan berfikir kritis peserta didik. Teknik analisis data menggunakan uji multivariat (Manova. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produk yang dikembangkan ditinjau dari aspek materi, petunjuk umum buku, RPP & LKPD, dan perangkat penilaiam pembelajaran menurut ahli materi dan ahli media berkategori baik dan terdapat perbedaan peningkatan kemampuan berfikir kritis dan aktivitas belajar peserta didik yang signifikan antara keenam level inkuiri yang diujicobakan. Kata Kunci: model problem solving, level inkuiri, kemampuan berfikir kritis, aktivitas belajar   DEVELOPING A HANDBOOK FOR TEACHER IN TEACHERS HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL PHYSICS USE THE MODEL OF PROBLEM SOLVING LEVEL OF INQUIRY Abstract This study aims to: (1 to produce a handbook for teachers high school level physics use a model of problem solving with level of inquiry fit for use; (2 to determine the successful learning of physics using a model of problem solving in accordance with the level of inquiry to increase learning activities of learners and critical thinking abilities of learners. This research is the development, which refers to measures developed by Borg & Gall. The subject try consists of eight classes. Data collection using the questionnaire responses of learners, observation sheets learning

  1. PENGETAHUAN GURU TENTANG BULLYING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauziyah Indahyani

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan tingkat pengetahuan guru sekolah dasar tentang bullying di kecamatan Sokaraja, Kabupaten Banyumas. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan tes pengetahuan, subjek penelitiannya adalah guru sekolah dasar di Sokaraja, Kabupaten Banyumas. Teknik pengambilan sampel data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah clustered sampling. Jumlah populasi penelitian adalah 403 guru dari sekolah dasar di kecamatan Sokaraja, Kabupaten Banyumas. 40% di antaranya diambil sebagai sampel, sehingga sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 130 guru sekolah dasar dari kecamatan Sokaraja, Banyumas kabupaten Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan guru tentang bullying rata-rata, hal ini ditunjukkan dalam analisis yang menunjukkan bahwa 130 guru sekolah dasar, 92 di antaranya 70,77% kategori rata-rata dalam mengetahui bullying verbal (70,77%. Sedangkan untuk pengetahuan bullying fisik, dari 130 guru, 91 guru atau 70,00% dikategorikan ke tingkat rata-rata. Kemudian, dari 130 guru sekolah dasar, 70,00% dikategorikan ke dalam pengetahuan rata-rata yang berhubungan dengan pengetahuan mental. Kata kunci: Pengetahuan tentang Bullying, Guru Sekolah Dasar

  2. File Specification for GEOS-5 FP-IT (Forward Processing for Instrument Teams)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucchesi, R.

    2013-01-01

    The GEOS-5 FP-IT Atmospheric Data Assimilation System (GEOS-5 ADAS) uses an analysis developed jointly with NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), which allows the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) to take advantage of the developments at NCEP and the Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation (JCSDA). The GEOS-5 AGCM uses the finite-volume dynamics (Lin, 2004) integrated with various physics packages (e.g, Bacmeister et al., 2006), under the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) including the Catchment Land Surface Model (CLSM) (e.g., Koster et al., 2000). The GSI analysis is a three-dimensional variational (3DVar) analysis applied in grid-point space to facilitate the implementation of anisotropic, inhomogeneous covariances (e.g., Wu et al., 2002; Derber et al., 2003). The GSI implementation for GEOS-5 FP-IT incorporates a set of recursive filters that produce approximately Gaussian smoothing kernels and isotropic correlation functions. The GEOS-5 ADAS is documented in Rienecker et al. (2008). More recent updates to the model are presented in Molod et al. (2011). The GEOS-5 system actively assimilates roughly 2 × 10(exp 6) observations for each analysis, including about 7.5 × 10(exp 5) AIRS radiance data. The input stream is roughly twice this volume, but because of the large volume, the data are thinned commensurate with the analysis grid to reduce the computational burden. Data are also rejected from the analysis through quality control procedures designed to detect, for example, the presence of cloud. To minimize the spurious periodic perturbations of the analysis, GEOS-5 FP-IT uses the Incremental Analysis Update (IAU) technique developed by Bloom et al. (1996). More details of this procedure are given in Appendix A. The analysis is performed at a horizontal resolution of 0.625-degree longitude by 0.5-degree latitude and at 72 levels, extending to 0.01 hPa. All products are generated at the native resolution of the

  3. GEOS-5 Seasonal Forecast System: ENSO Prediction Skill and Bias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borovikov, Anna; Kovach, Robin; Marshak, Jelena

    2018-01-01

    The GEOS-5 AOGCM known as S2S-1.0 has been in service from June 2012 through January 2018 (Borovikov et al. 2017). The atmospheric component of S2S-1.0 is Fortuna-2.5, the same that was used for the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA), but with adjusted parameterization of moist processes and turbulence. The ocean component is the Modular Ocean Model version 4 (MOM4). The sea ice component is the Community Ice CodE, version 4 (CICE). The land surface model is a catchment-based hydrological model coupled to the multi-layer snow model. The AGCM uses a Cartesian grid with a 1 deg × 1.25 deg horizontal resolution and 72 hybrid vertical levels with the upper most level at 0.01 hPa. OGCM nominal resolution of the tripolar grid is 1/2 deg, with a meridional equatorial refinement to 1/4 deg. In the coupled model initialization, selected atmospheric variables are constrained with MERRA. The Goddard Earth Observing System integrated Ocean Data Assimilation System (GEOS-iODAS) is used for both ocean state and sea ice initialization. SST, T and S profiles and sea ice concentration were assimilated.

  4. PROFESIONALISME GURU SD / MI

    OpenAIRE

    Nursalim Nursalim

    2017-01-01

    Abstrak: Guru harus memiliki empat kompetensi dasar yaitu; kompetensi pedagogik, kom­petensi kepribadian, kompetensi sosial dan kompetensi profesional. Kompetensi profesional guru Sekolah Dasar/Madrasah Ibtidaiyah yaitu: 1) Menguasai materi, struktur, konsep, dan pola pikir keilmuan yang mendukung mata pelajaran yang diampu, 2) menguasai standar kompetensi dan kompetensi dasar mata pelajaran/bidang pengembangan yang diampu, 3) mengembangkan materi membelajaran yang diampu secara kreatif, ...

  5. Decadal Prediction Skill in the GEOS-5 Forecast System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ham, Yoo-Geun; Rienecker, Michele M.; Suarez, Max J.; Vikhliaev, Yury; Zhao, Bin; Marshak, Jelena; Vernieres, Guillaume; Schubert, Siegfried D.

    2013-01-01

    A suite of decadal predictions has been conducted with the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office's (GMAO's) GEOS-5 Atmosphere-Ocean general circulation model. The hind casts are initialized every December 1st from 1959 to 2010, following the CMIP5 experimental protocol for decadal predictions. The initial conditions are from a multivariate ensemble optimal interpolation ocean and sea-ice reanalysis, and from GMAO's atmospheric reanalysis, the modern-era retrospective analysis for research and applications. The mean forecast skill of a three-member-ensemble is compared to that of an experiment without initialization but also forced with observed greenhouse gases. The results show that initialization increases the forecast skill of North Atlantic sea surface temperature compared to the uninitialized runs, with the increase in skill maintained for almost a decade over the subtropical and mid-latitude Atlantic. On the other hand, the initialization reduces the skill in predicting the warming trend over some regions outside the Atlantic. The annual-mean Atlantic meridional overturning circulation index, which is defined here as the maximum of the zonally-integrated overturning stream function at mid-latitude, is predictable up to a 4-year lead time, consistent with the predictable signal in upper ocean heat content over the North Atlantic. While the 6- to 9-year forecast skill measured by mean squared skill score shows 50 percent improvement in the upper ocean heat content over the subtropical and mid-latitude Atlantic, prediction skill is relatively low in the sub-polar gyre. This low skill is due in part to features in the spatial pattern of the dominant simulated decadal mode in upper ocean heat content over this region that differ from observations. An analysis of the large-scale temperature budget shows that this is the result of a model bias, implying that realistic simulation of the climatological fields is crucial for skillful decadal forecasts.

  6. Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelaro, Ronald; Putman, William M.; Pawson, Steven; Draper, Clara; Molod, Andrea; Norris, Peter M.; Ott, Lesley; Prive, Nikki; Reale, Oreste; Achuthavarier, Deepthi; hide

    2015-01-01

    This report documents an evaluation by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) of a two-year 7-km-resolution non-hydrostatic global mesoscale simulation produced with the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model. The simulation was produced as a Nature Run for conducting observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs). Generation of the GEOS-5 Nature Run (G5NR) was motivated in part by the desire of the OSSE community for an improved high-resolution sequel to an existing Nature Run produced by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), which has served the community for several years. The intended use of the G5NR in this context is for generating simulated observations to test proposed observing system designs regarding new instruments and their deployments. Because NASA's interest in OSSEs extends beyond traditional weather forecasting applications, the G5NR includes, in addition to standard meteorological components, a suite of aerosol types and several trace gas concentrations, with emissions downscaled to 10 km using ancillary information such as power plant location, population density and night-light information. The evaluation exercise described here involved more than twenty-five GMAO scientists investigating various aspects of the G5NR performance, including time mean temperature and wind fields, energy spectra, precipitation and the hydrological cycle, the representation of waves, tropical cyclones and midlatitude storms, land and ocean surface characteristics, the representation and forcing effects of clouds and radiation, dynamics of the stratosphere and mesosphere, and the representation of aerosols and trace gases. Comparisons are made with observational data sets when possible, as well as with reanalyses and other long model simulations. The evaluation is broad in scope, as it is meant to assess the overall realism of basic aspects of the G5NR deemed relevant to the conduct of OSSEs

  7. Assessment of Aerosol Distributions from GEOS-5 Using the CALIPSO Feature Mask

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welton, Ellsworth

    2010-01-01

    A-train sensors such as MODIS, MISR, and CALIPSO are used to determine aerosol properties, and in the process a means of estimating aerosol type (e.g. smoke vs. dust). Correct classification of aerosol type is important for climate assessment, air quality applications, and for comparisons and analysis with aerosol transport models. The Aerosols-Clouds-Ecosystems (ACE) satellite mission proposed in the NRC Decadal Survey describes a next generation aerosol and cloud suite similar to the current A-train, including a lidar. The future ACE lidar must be able to determine aerosol type effectively in conjunction with modeling activities to achieve ACE objectives. Here we examine the current capabilities of CALIPSO and the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System general circulation model and data assimilation system (GEOS-5), to place future ACE needs in context. The CALIPSO level 2 feature mask includes vertical profiles of aerosol layers classified by type. GEOS-5 provides global 3D aerosol mass for sulfate, sea salt, dust, and black and organic carbon. A GEOS aerosol scene classification algorithm has been developed to provide estimates of aerosol mixtures and extinction profiles along the CALIPSO orbit track. In previous work, initial comparisons between GEOS-5 derived aerosol mixtures and CALIPSO derived aerosol types were presented for July 2007. In general, the results showed that model and lidar derived aerosol types did not agree well in the boundary layer. Agreement was poor over Europe, where CALIPSO indicated the presence of dust and pollution mixtures yet GEOS-5 was dominated by pollution with little dust. Over the ocean in the tropics, the model appeared to contain less sea salt than detected by CALIPSO, yet at high latitudes the situation was reserved. Agreement between CALIPSO and GEOS-5, aerosol types improved above the boundary layer, primarily in dust and smoke dominated regions. At higher altitudes (> 5 km), the model contained aerosol layers not detected

  8. An Assessment of the Skill of GEOS-5 Seasonal Forecasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ham, Yoo-Geun; Schubert, Siegfried D.; Rienecker, Michele M.

    2013-01-01

    The seasonal forecast skill of the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office coupled global climate model (CGCM) is evaluated based on an ensemble of 9-month lead forecasts for the period 1993 to 2010. The results from the current version (V2) of the CGCM consisting of the GEOS-5 AGM coupled to the MOM4 ocean model are compared with those from an earlier version (V1) in which the AGCM (the NSIPP model) was coupled to the Poseidon Ocean Model. It was found that the correlation skill of the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) forecasts is generally better in V2, especially over the sub-tropical and tropical central and eastern Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Ocean. Furthermore, the improvement in skill in V2 mainly comes from better forecasts of the developing phase of ENSO from boreal spring to summer. The skill of ENSO forecasts initiated during the boreal winter season, however, shows no improvement in terms of correlation skill, and is in fact slightly worse in terms of root mean square error (RMSE). The degradation of skill is found to be due to an excessive ENSO amplitude. For V1, the ENSO amplitude is too strong in forecasts starting in boreal spring and summer, which causes large RMSE in the forecast. For V2, the ENSO amplitude is slightly stronger than that in observations and V1 for forecasts starting in boreal winter season. An analysis of the terms in the SST tendency equation, shows that this is mainly due to an excessive zonal advective feedback. In addition, V2 forecasts that are initiated during boreal winter season, exhibit a slower phase transition of El Nino, which is consistent with larger amplitude of ENSO after the ENSO peak season. It is found that this is due to weak discharge of equatorial Warm Water Volume (WWV). In both observations and V1, the discharge of equatorial WWV leads the equatorial geostrophic easterly current so as to damp the El Nino starting in January. This process is delayed by about 2 months in V2 due to the slower phase

  9. Model - Model Pembelajaran pada Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (PGMI STAIN Samarinda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syeh Hawib Hamzah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The model of learning is a vital thing in education. A good appropriate model of learning could reach the goal of learning efficently and effectively. The lecturers of education and teacher training program of STAIN Samarinda implement a various teaching and learning models when they perform their teaching, such as: model of contectual teaching, social interaction, informational proces, personal-based learning, behaviorism, cooperative learning, and problem-based learning.

  10. Evaluation of GEOS-5 sulfur dioxide simulations during the Frostburg, MD 2010 field campaign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Buchard

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Sulfur dioxide (SO2 is a major atmospheric pollutant with a strong anthropogenic component mostly produced by the combustion of fossil fuel and other industrial activities. As a precursor of sulfate aerosols that affect climate, air quality, and human health, this gas needs to be monitored on a global scale. Global climate and chemistry models including aerosol processes along with their radiative effects are important tools for climate and air quality research. Validation of these models against in-situ and satellite measurements is essential to ascertain the credibility of these models and to guide model improvements. In this study, the Goddard Chemistry, Aerosol, Radiation, and Transport (GOCART module running on-line inside the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5 model is used to simulate aerosol and SO2 concentrations. Data taken in November 2010 over Frostburg, Maryland during an SO2 field campaign involving ground instrumentation and aircraft are used to evaluate GEOS-5 simulated SO2 concentrations. Preliminary data analysis indicated the model overestimated surface SO2 concentration, which motivated the examination of the specification of SO2 anthropogenic emission rates. As a result of this analysis, a revision of anthropogenic emission inventories in GEOS-5 was implemented, and the vertical placement of SO2 sources was updated. Results show that these revisions improve the model agreement with observations locally and in regions outside the area of this field campaign. In particular, we use the ground-based measurements collected by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA for the year 2010 to evaluate the revised model simulations over North America.

  11. GURU v2.0: An interactive Graphical User interface to fit rheometer curves in Han's model for rubber vulcanization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milani, G.; Milani, F.

    A GUI software (GURU) for experimental data fitting of rheometer curves in Natural Rubber (NR) vulcanized with sulphur at different curing temperatures is presented. Experimental data are automatically loaded in GURU from an Excel spreadsheet coming from the output of the experimental machine (moving die rheometer). To fit the experimental data, the general reaction scheme proposed by Han and co-workers for NR vulcanized with sulphur is considered. From the simplified kinetic scheme adopted, a closed form solution can be found for the crosslink density, with the only limitation that the induction period is excluded from computations. Three kinetic constants must be determined in such a way to minimize the absolute error between normalized experimental data and numerical prediction. Usually, this result is achieved by means of standard least-squares data fitting. On the contrary, GURU works interactively by means of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) to minimize the error and allows an interactive calibration of the kinetic constants by means of sliders. A simple mouse click on the sliders allows the assignment of a value for each kinetic constant and a visual comparison between numerical and experimental curves. Users will thus find optimal values of the constants by means of a classic trial and error strategy. An experimental case of technical relevance is shown as benchmark.

  12. Pengaruh Persepsi Tentang Sertifikasi Guru, Strategi Penyelesaian Konflik, dan Motivasi Kerja terhadap Produktivitas Kerja Guru SMKN

    OpenAIRE

    Atmadji Sutikno, Tri

    2013-01-01

    Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh persepsi tentang sertifikasi guru, strategi penyelesaian konflik, motivasi kerja, terhadap produktivitas kerja. Populasi penelitian adalah guru-guru SMKN Malang Raya sedangkan sampel (278 guru) diambil secara acak. Data dianalisis dengan analisis deskriptif dan korelasional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) persepsi tentang sertifikasi guru, strategi penyelesaian konflik, motivasi kerja dalam kategori tinggi, dan produktivitas...

  13. MODEL PELATIHAN BERBASIS KELOMPOK KERJA GURU UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MENYUSUN PERANGKAT PENILAIAN BERBASIS KELAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Suwono

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Teacher Taskforce-based Training Model to Improve the Ability to Develop Class-based As­sessment Instruments. This R & D project was aimed at demonstrating the most effective model, out of three training models-Teachers Working Group (KKG-Practice-Reflection (KPR, Modelling-Practice-Reflection (MPR, and Telling-Practice-Reflection (CPR. The first model was de­veloped based on orientation re­sults. This model was validated by educational experts and practitioners and was tried-out so as to result in a model which was more appropriate for primary schools. In the stage of semi-summative evaluation for the final design, an experiment was conducted to identify the most ef­fective model. The experiment employed a factorial design. The findings show that MPR was the most effective model. This model was perceived as the one which was beneficial to improve the teachers' capability in designing the in­struments of classroom-based assessment for science teaching. In addition, the model could improve the teachers' knowledge of classroom-based assessment, and could help them design better classroom-­based assessment instruments. The second most effective model was KPR. Even though this model was perceived as less beneficial than MPR, with training carried out twice, it could improve the teachers' capability in designing the instruments of classroom-based as­sessment as effective as that of MPR model.

  14. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ANALITIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN GURU KIMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs Liliasari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to improve chemistry teacher training program quality, use Analytical Chemistry Teaching Model (MPKA. The improvement should be on student higher order thinking skills. The model is consisting of 23 concepts, which include concepts that name process, concepts that have no perceptible instances, concepts which require knowledge of principles, concepts involving symbolic representation, formula and equation. Those concepts arrange in nine hierarchies on concept map. The model of teaching uses: (a concept and science process skill approach; (b problem solving and lecture method, and also laboratory activities; (c transparency and power point media; (d essay test. Critical thinking skills developed by the model are elementary clarification, basic support, inference and strategy and tactics. Creative thinking skills developed by the model are: (1 encouraging elegant solution of collision conflict, unsolved mysteries; (2 practicing the creative problem solving process in disciplined systematic manner in dealing with the problem and information at hand; (3 examining fantasies to find solution of real problems; (4 heightening anticipation only enough structure to give clues and direction. The model has been implemented to 82 students in three teacher’s training institutions (LPTK in Java and Bali. The model improves students’ comprehension in Chemistry concepts. It also develops three kinds of logics: group inclusion, proportional and combinatorial. Therefore it is suggested to develop similar models for other courses in perspectives chemistry teachers training program. Key words: Model of teaching, analytical chemistry, critical and creative thinking skills, quality improvement.

  15. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PELATIHAN APRESIASI SENI TARI TRADISI LOKAL PADA GURU DI SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahira Wahira

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this development are (1 to describe the art of dance training model which have ever given, (2 to describe of training needs of the appreciation of local dance for the teacher of elementary school, (3 to describe first draft of the appreciation of local dance training model for the elementary school teacher, (4 to describe the result of the first design of draft model and set of appreciation training of local dance for the elementary school teacher, (5 to describe the result of expert team evaluation (expert of management, art, and lecture of the art of dance to the model of training set which is useful for elementary school teacher training; (6 to describe the limited trial result of the implementation of appreciation training model of local dance for elementary school teacher; (7 to describe the appreciation training model of local dance which is developed after getting the trial. The research method is Research and Development (R & D. The implementation of model uses single one shot case study design with one group pre-test and post-test. Survey respondents are primary school teachers in Makassar. Data collection interview and questionnaires. Effectiveness of the model is tested through test validation by experts and practitioners, as well as a limited experiment through training. And, the data is analyzed descriptively. The findings of this study are the aspects which affect the needs and success of ASTNDS training implementation. They are: (1 training materials, (2 training programs, (3 the form of training, (4 training instructor, (5 training facilities & infrastructure, and (6 CD of dance training. Other findings are generating ASTNDS training model and devices which refers to management functions (2-steps planning; 4-steps implementation, and 2-steps evaluation. Validation and experimental test results show that the model of a hypothetical model of local dance is effective for primary school teachers training. Researcher

  16. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ANALITIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN GURU KIMIA

    OpenAIRE

    Mrs Liliasari; Mrs Siti Darsati

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the research is to improve chemistry teacher training program quality, use Analytical Chemistry Teaching Model (MPKA). The improvement should be on student higher order thinking skills. The model is consisting of 23 concepts, which include concepts that name process, concepts that have no perceptible instances, concepts which require knowledge of principles, concepts involving symbolic representation, formula and equation. Those concepts arrange in nine hierarchies on concept map. ...

  17. PENGETAHUAN MAHASISWA PENDIDIKAN GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DALAM MEREPRESENTASIKAN OPERASI PECAHAN DENGAN MODEL PERSEGI PANJANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zetra Hainul Putra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate pre-service elementary teachers’ knowledge on representing fraction operations by rectangle models. The subjects of this study are 64 pre-service elementary teachers from elementary school techer training study program, faculty of teacher training and education, University of Riau. The research method used is quantitative descriptive by giving a test related to the representations of fraction operations by rectangle models. The result shows that 82,81% pre-service elementary teachers were success representing addition of fractions, and 67,19% of them for subtraction of fractions. Meanwhile, 44,53% pre-service elementary teachers were success representing multiplication of fractions and 24,22% of them for divison of fractions. Then, they were still get difficulty in representing multiplication and division of fractions using rectangle models than addition and subtraction of fractions.

  18. PENILAIAN PROGRAM PRAKTIKUM TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KUALITI GURU PRA PERKHIDMATAN: ANALISIS BERDASARKAN LATENT GROWTH CURVE MODELLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azizah Sarkowi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Practicum is an important component in teacher education programs. This study identify the improvement in the quality of pre-service teachers for three phases practicum. Multi-point prospective panel study has been conducted on a 541 pre-service teachers at the Institute of Teacher Education. Teacher’s quality is measured based on the achievement of program learning outcomes. Based on matching last six digit identification card number for three studies series, 337 questionnaires were analyzed using a latent growth curve model using AMOS 18.0. Latent Analysis shows that the model achieve goodness of fit. There is a linear trend of improvement in the performance of the three phases of the practicum. This increase varies between individuals and the rate of growth depends on the level of achievement at practicum phase I. Studies indicate that the increase in the practicum period of teacher education policy should be continued.

  19. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA MADRASAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA MAN MODEL BANDA ACEH

    OpenAIRE

    Yusnidar Yusnidar

    2014-01-01

    School head master is one of factors in encouraging the school to reach its vision, mission, aim and target through the planned implemented program. The aim of the study is to know the leadership of the head master of the school in improving the teachers’ commitment, work motivation and obstacles experiencing by the school head master in improving the teachers’ performance at MAN Model Banda Aceh. The study used descriptive method. The data collection techniques were observations, interviews,...

  20. Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru pada Man Model Banda Aceh

    OpenAIRE

    Yusnidar, Yusnidar

    2014-01-01

    School head master is one of factors in encouraging the school to reach its vision, mission, aim and target through the planned implemented program. The aim of the study is to know the leadership of the head master of the school in improving the teachers' commitment, work motivation and obstacles experiencing by the school head master in improving the teachers' performance at MAN Model Banda Aceh. The study used descriptive method. The data collection techniques were observations, interviews,...

  1. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA MADRASAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA MAN MODEL BANDA ACEH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusnidar Yusnidar

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master is one of factors in encouraging the school to reach its vision, mission, aim and target through the planned implemented program. The aim of the study is to know the leadership of the head master of the school in improving the teachers’ commitment, work motivation and obstacles experiencing by the school head master in improving the teachers’ performance at MAN Model Banda Aceh. The study used descriptive method. The data collection techniques were observations, interviews, and documentations. The subjects of this research were the head master of the school and the teachers of MAN Model Banda Aceh. The data analysis of this qualitative analysis shows that: (1 the leadership of the head master of the school in improving working commitment is through empowerment of the training teacher in accordance with their field, class supervision evaluation and interns routinely madrasah supervision, and give reward to outstanding teacher; ( 2 the school head master leadership in improving work motivation is through professionalism work guiding, evaluate the teacher learning program, consensus agreement in time discipline, and intern cooperation with the school head master and guiding teachers; (3 the head master leadership in improving discipline is through applying self discipline of school head master in order to be followed by teachers as the discipline being conducted by the school head master in fully self awareness without any coercion; (4 the obstacles faced by the school head master in improving the teacher performance is because of time restriction in carrying out classroom supervision, guiding professional teachers and evaluate the teachers teaching-learning process, as well as restricted fund allocation in MAN Model Banda Aceh.

  2. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL DIKLAT GURU SOSIOLOGI SMA TENTANG PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI BERBASIS BUDAYA LOKAL

    OpenAIRE

    Gunarso Gunarso; Bambang Suteng Sulasmono

    2015-01-01

    This development study is aimed to develop a model of training for sociology teacher using inquiry based on local culture. It is done through some steps which are recognizing the potential and problems, formulating a design, composing and performing device validation. Based on the research has resulted a module of training for inquiry learning based on local culture validated and revised by experts. The module is ready to use for training to improve teachers’ competence. The plannings done be...

  3. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL DIKLAT GURU SOSIOLOGI SMA TENTANG PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI BERBASIS BUDAYA LOKAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunarso Gunarso

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This development study is aimed to develop a model of training for sociology teacher using inquiry based on local culture. It is done through some steps which are recognizing the potential and problems, formulating a design, composing and performing device validation. Based on the research has resulted a module of training for inquiry learning based on local culture validated and revised by experts. The module is ready to use for training to improve teachers’ competence. The plannings done before training are determining training needs through analyzing the needs of the organization deciding a training program,composing an initial assessment and end of the craft success criteria for training.The implementation of training development about inquiry based on local culture for sociology teachers is emphasized in making lesson plan containing characters value in Sociology. Monitoring and evaluation for quality assessment done by filling out the questionnaire by the trainees so that they are able to know the response to the committee and speakers. While the evaluation of trainees can be done through tests and assignment of making learning about inkuiri RPP based on local culture.

  4. MOTIVASI KERJA GURU SMP NEGERI DI KOTA SEMARANG

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    Supriyo .

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan model motivasi kerja guru SMP Negeri yang sesuai. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 322 orang guru SMP Negeri di Kota Semarang. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah skala numerikal. Analisis data melalui SEM dengan perangkat LISREL. Hasil penelitian model motivasi kerja guru SMP Negeri adalah fit. Secara keseluruhan, kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, kondisi lingkungan kerja, pelatihan, kompetensi, dan kepuasan kerja, pengaruhnya tinggi terhadap motivasi kerja guru (86%. Untuk meningkatkan motivasi kerja guru SMP Negeri hendaknya kepala sekolah dan pengawas memberdayakan guru secara optimal, menjadikan lingkungan kerja kondusif, merancang program pelatihan yang terarah. Dalam pengangkatan kepala SMPN, Dinas Pendidikan hendaknya memperhatikan kemampuan menejerial para calon. Kata Kunci: motivasi kerja, guru SMP STATE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS’ WORK MOTIVATION IN SEMARANG MUNICIPALITY Abstract: This study was aimed to find a fit model of State Junior High School Teachers’ work motivation. The sample consisted of 322 state junior high school teachers in Semarang municipality. The instrument used was in the form of a numerical scale. The data were analyzed through the SEM utilizing the LISREL program. The findings showed that the model was fit. As a whole, the school principal leadership, the work environment condition, training, competence, and work satisfaction had a high influence on the teachers’ work motivation (86%. To improve the teachers’ work motivation, it is suggested that the school principal and the supervisor empower the teachers optimally, create conducive work environment, and design a focused training program. In recruiting the school pricipal, the Local Office of Education should take into account the candidates’ managerial skill. Keywords: work motivation, junior high school teachers

  5. PERAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA NEGERI

    OpenAIRE

    Agus Tri Susanto; Muhyadi Muhyadi

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah dalam pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru di SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Kabupaten Sleman terkait dengan peran kepala sekolah dan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi program pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan model Miles & Huberman, yang meliputi ...

  6. GURU v2.0: An interactive Graphical User interface to fit rheometer curves in Han’s model for rubber vulcanization

    OpenAIRE

    Milani, G.; Milani, F.

    2016-01-01

    A GUI software (GURU) for experimental data fitting of rheometer curves in Natural Rubber (NR) vulcanized with sulphur at different curing temperatures is presented. Experimental data are automatically loaded in GURU from an Excel spreadsheet coming from the output of the experimental machine (moving die rheometer). To fit the experimental data, the general reaction scheme proposed by Han and co-workers for NR vulcanized with sulphur is considered. From the simplified kinetic scheme adopted, ...

  7. File Specification for the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run, Ganymed Release Non-Hydrostatic 7-km Global Mesoscale Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Arlindo M.; Putman, William; Nattala, J.

    2014-01-01

    This document describes the gridded output files produced by a two-year global, non-hydrostatic mesoscale simulation for the period 2005-2006 produced with the non-hydrostatic version of GEOS-5 Atmospheric Global Climate Model (AGCM). In addition to standard meteorological parameters (wind, temperature, moisture, surface pressure), this simulation includes 15 aerosol tracers (dust, sea-salt, sulfate, black and organic carbon), O3, CO and CO2. This model simulation is driven by prescribed sea-surface temperature and sea-ice, daily volcanic and biomass burning emissions, as well as high-resolution inventories of anthropogenic sources. A description of the GEOS-5 model configuration used for this simulation can be found in Putman et al. (2014). The simulation is performed at a horizontal resolution of 7 km using a cubed-sphere horizontal grid with 72 vertical levels, extending up to to 0.01 hPa (approximately 80 km). For user convenience, all data products are generated on two logically rectangular longitude-latitude grids: a full-resolution 0.0625 deg grid that approximately matches the native cubed-sphere resolution, and another 0.5 deg reduced-resolution grid. The majority of the full-resolution data products are instantaneous with some fields being time-averaged. The reduced-resolution datasets are mostly time-averaged, with some fields being instantaneous. Hourly data intervals are used for the reduced-resolution datasets, while 30-minute intervals are used for the full-resolution products. All full-resolution output is on the model's native 72-layer hybrid sigma-pressure vertical grid, while the reduced-resolution output is given on native vertical levels and on 48 pressure surfaces extending up to 0.02 hPa. Section 4 presents additional details on horizontal and vertical grids. Information of the model surface representation can be found in Appendix B. The GEOS-5 product is organized into file collections that are described in detail in Appendix C. Additional

  8. The Major Stratospheric Sudden Warming of January 2013: Analyses and Forecasts in the GEOS-5 Data Assimilation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coy, Lawrence; Pawson, Steven

    2014-01-01

    We examine the major stratosphere sudden warming (SSW) that occurred on 6 January 2013, using output from the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) GEOS-5 (Goddard Earth Observing System) near-real-time data assimilation system (DAS). Results show that the major SSW of January 2013 falls into the vortex splitting type of SSW, with the initial planetary wave breaking occurring near 10 hPa. The vertical flux of wave activity at the tropopause responsible for the SSW occurred mainly in the Pacific Hemisphere, including the a pulse associated with the preconditioning of the polar vortex by wave 1 identified on 23 December 2012. While most of the vertical wave activity flux was in the Pacific Hemisphere, a rapidly developing tropospheric weather system over the North Atlantic on 28 December is shown to have produced a strong transient upward wave activity flux into the lower stratosphere coinciding with the peak of the SSW event. In addition, the GEOS-5 5-day forecasts accurately predicted the major SSW of January 2013 as well as the upper tropospheric disturbances responsible for the warming. The overall success of the 5-day forecasts provides motivation to produce regular 10-day forecasts with GEOS-5, to better support studies of stratosphere-troposphere interaction.

  9. The Modulation of Tropical Storm Activity in the Western North Pacific by the Madden-Julian Oscillation in GEOS-5 AGCM Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dongmin; Lee, Myong-In; Kim, Hye-Mi; Schubert, Siegfried D.; Yoo, Jin Ho

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) on tropical storm (TS) activity in the western North Pacific, using observations and GEOS-5 simulations at 50-km horizontal resolution. While GEOS-5 produces an MJO of faster propagation and weaker amplitude, it nevertheless reproduces the observed modulation of TS activity by the MJO with the highest TS genesis and increased track density in the active phases of MJO. The study suggests that the simulation of the sub-seasonal variability of TS activity could be improved by improving the simulations of the MJO in climate models.

  10. Classification of Clouds and Deep Convection from GEOS-5 Using Satellite Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putman, William; Suarez, Max

    2010-01-01

    With the increased resolution of global atmospheric models and the push toward global cloud resolving models, the resemblance of model output to satellite observations has become strikingly similar. As we progress with our adaptation of the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) as a high resolution cloud system resolving model, evaluation of cloud properties and deep convection require in-depth analysis beyond a visual comparison. Outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) provides a sufficient comparison with infrared (IR) satellite imagery to isolate areas of deep convection. We have adopted a binning technique to generate a series of histograms for OLR which classify the presence and fraction of clear sky versus deep convection in the tropics that can be compared with a similar analyses of IR imagery from composite Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) observations. We will present initial results that have been used to evaluate the amount of deep convective parameterization required within the model as we move toward cloud system resolving resolutions of 10- to 1-km globally.

  11. PERSONAL BRANDING OF HOMESCHOOLING TEACHER (PENGALAMAN KOMUNIKASI GURU HOMESCHOOLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aji Zul Hakim

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Homeschooling is an alternative education model for child who find it less suited to formal school. In the development of this model reap the pros and cons in the society. Various attemps were made by institutions and association to change the paradigm of society, on of them by optimizing the role of teacher. Research with phenomenological approach is sought to know the communications behavior of homeschooling teacher. Eight teacher from four homeschooling institutions are involved through some in-depth interviews. In addition, data collection is done through participant obersvation and study of literature. The result showed the meaning of homeschooling affected by their experience in teaching, which affects their act in the form of personal branding, including their communications behaviour in contributing to the socialization of homeschooling. Homeschooling merupakan model pendidikan alternative bagi anak yang merasa kurang cocok dengan sekolah formal. Dalam perkembangannya model pendidikan ini menuai pro dan kontra di masyarakat. Berbagai upaya dilakukan oleh lembaga dan asosiasi untuk merubah paradigma masyarakat, salah satunya dengan optimalisasi peran guru. Penelitian dengan pendekatan fenomenologis ini berupaya mengetahui perilaku komunikasi Guru Homeschooling. Delapan orang Guru Homeschooling dari empat lembaga di Kota Bandung dilibatkan melalui wawancara mendalam. Selain itu, pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi partisipatif dan studi kepustakaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan pemaknaan homeschooling oleh guru dipengaruhi pengalaman mereka selama mengajar, yang mempengaruhi tindak lanjut mereka dalam membentuk personal branding, termasuk perilaku komunikasi mereka dalam berkontribusi pada sosialisasi homeschooling.

  12. PENERAPAN LESSON STUDY UNTUK MENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN MENGAJAR MAHASISWA CALON GURU FISIKA

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    Rif’ati Dina Handayani

    2015-02-01

    ABSTRAK Lesson study merupakan suatu model pengembangan kemampuan mengajar melalui pengkajian pembelajaran secara kolaboratif dan berkelanjutan. Lesson study dilaksanakan dalam tiga tahapan, yaitu plan, do, see yang dilaksanakan secara terstruktur, bersiklus dan berkelanjutan. Dalam penelitian ini subjek dari pelaksanaan lesson study adalah empat orang  mahasiswa calon guru fisika yang sedang melaksanakan PPL di salah satu SMP Negeri di Bondowoso. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan lesson study dapat meningkatkan kemampuan mengajar mahasiswa calon guru fisika dari kriteria kurang baik menjadi kriteria sangat baik. Kata kunci: Calon guru fisika, Lesson Study, Kemampuan Mengajar

  13. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN DAN KOMUNIKASI GURU TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Husin

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah seberapa besar pengaruh kepemimpinan dan komunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XII jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran yang terdiri dari 77 siswa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh yang positif pada kepemimpinan guru dan komunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa. Dalam upaya meningkatkan motivasi belajar siwa hendaknya kepemimpinan guru diterapkan pada siswa sehingga guru dapat membimbing dan mendorong siswa untuk lebih giat belajar, guru diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kemampuan komunikasinya agar pada saat penyampaian materi dapat diterima siwa dengan baik. Kata Kunci : Motivasi Belajar, Kepemimpinan Guru, Komunikasi Guru

  14. CATS Near Real Time Data Products: Applications for Assimilation Into the NASA GEOS-5 AGCM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlavka, D. L.; Nowottnick, E. P.; Yorks, J. E.; Da Silva, A.; McGill, M. J.; Palm, S. P.; Selmer, P. A.; Pauly, R. M.; Ozog, S.

    2017-01-01

    From February 2015 through October 2017, the NASA Cloud-Aerosol Transport System (CATS) backscatter lidar operated on the International Space Station (ISS) as a technology demonstration for future Earth Science Missions, providing vertical measurements of cloud and aerosols properties. Owing to its location on the ISS, a cornerstone technology demonstration of CATS was the capability to acquire, process, and disseminate near-real time (NRT) data within 6 hours of observation time. CATS NRT data has several applications, including providing notification of hazardous events for air traffic control and air quality advisories, field campaign flight planning, as well as for constraining cloud and aerosol distributions in via data assimilation in aerosol transport models.   Recent developments in aerosol data assimilation techniques have permitted the assimilation of aerosol optical thickness (AOT), a 2-dimensional column integrated quantity that is reflective of the simulated aerosol loading in aerosol transport models. While this capability has greatly improved simulated AOT forecasts, the vertical position, a key control on aerosol transport, is often not impacted when 2-D AOT is assimilated. Here, we present preliminary efforts to assimilate CATS aerosol observations into the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model and assimilation system using a 1-D Variational (1-D VAR) ensemble approach, demonstrating the utility of CATS for future Earth Science Missions.

  15. HUBUNGAN KEPUASAN KERJA, STRES GURU DENGAN KEBAHAGIAAN GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI KOTA AMBON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donny Toisuta

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Masalah penelitian dirumuskan: (1 Adakah hubungan yang positif dan signifikan antara kepuasan kerja dengan kebahagiaan guru pendidikan agama sekolah menengah di kota Ambon? (2 Adakah hubungan yang negatif signifikan antara stresguru dengan kebahagiaan guru pendidikan agama sekolah menengah di kota Ambon? Subjek penelitian berjumlah 117 orang guru agama sekolah menengah dari 5 kecamatan di kota Ambon. Keba-hagiaan diukur dengan Authentic Happiness Inventory (AHI dari Seligman, Kepuasan Kerja guru diukur dengan Teacher Job satisfaction Questionnaire dari Lester dan Stres Guru diukur dengan Angket Stres Guru yang dikem-bangkan oleh Kyriacou. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 Ada hubungan positif signifikan antara kepuasan kerja  dengan kebahagiaan guru pendidikan agama sekolah menengah di kota Ambon  dengan p = 0,014 0,05.

  16. PENINGKATAN PROFESIONALISME GURU MELALUI PELAKSANAAN PTK BAGI GURU-GURU BAHASA INGGRIS SMK KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiyaka, .

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Berdasarkan PP No.1 tahun 2010 tentang Pengembangan Keprofesian Berkelanjutan disebutkan bahwa guru wajib melakukan pengembangan profesinya. Diantaranya adalah dengan melakukan karya tulis ilmiah dan publikasi ilmiah.Selanjutnya berdasarkan peraturan tersebut juga disebutkan bahwa untuk kenaikan pangkat seorang guru dari Golongan III b ke berikutnya seorang guru harus memiliki kredit poin yang berhubungan dengan pengembangan diri dan karya tulis ilmiah. Salah satu upaya melakukan penelitian yang berkenaan dengan pembelajaran di kelas adalah dengan melakukan PTK (Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Di kota Semarang terdapat 89 SMK negeri dan swasta.Pada kenyataaannya. sebagian besar guru masih mengalami kesulitan untuk melakukan PTK?é?á yang disebabkan oleh kurangnya pengetahuan yang mendasar?é?á tentang PTK. Sedangkan permasalahan lain adalah?é?á pemahaman guru dan sekolah terhadap penelitian yang masih bervariasi sehingga mempengaruhi dalam penerapannya di lapangan. Terlebih untuk bidang studi bahasa Inggris di SMK, sebagian besar guru masih merasa kesulitan dalam melakukan penelitian tindakan kelas yang berkaitan dengan bidang studi yang diampunya. Berkaitan dengan hal tersebut di atas,maka dipandang perlu adanya penataran, pelatihan, pembimbingan, dan pendampingan tentang PTK. Oleh karena itu, tim Pengabdian pada Masyarakat IKIP PGRI Semarang berencana membatu para guru dalam melaksanakan PTK di lapangan. Keluaran yang diharapkan dari kegiatan ini adalah berupa laporan pelaksanaan PTK serta artikel ilmiah yang siap dipublikasikan dalam jurnal penelitian. ?é?á Kata kunci: PTK, guru bahasa Inggris SMK, workshop ?é?á ?é?á Abstract Based on Government Regulation No. 1 of 2010 on Sustainable professional development mentioned that teachers are required to perform their professional development . Among them is to conduct the scientific papers and publications. Then, based on that regulation is also mentioned that for the promotion of a

  17. PENGARUH PELATIHAN GURU, KOMPETENSI GURU DAN PEMANFAATAN SARANA PRASARANA TERHADAP KESIAPAN GURU PRODI BISNIS MANAJEMEN DALAM IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Septian Fuji Yama

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Kurikulum 2013 merupakan kurikulum yang saat ini diterapkan di Indonesia. Kurikulum 2013 membawa perubahan mendasar pada guru dalam pembelajaran. Oleh karena itu guru dituntut untuk menyiapkan dirinya dalam melaksanakan kurikulum 2013. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Populasi dan sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah guru prodi bisnis manajemen di SMK N 1 Purbalingga Tahun Ajaran 2014/2015 yaitu guru program pendidikan akuntansi, administrasi perkantoran, dan pemasaran berjumlah 24 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu sampel jenuh. Metode yang digunakan dalam dalam pengambilan data adalah angket. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif persentase dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini secara statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh secara simultan dan parsial pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah guru harus berupaya menambah wawasan mengenai kurikulum 2013 dan guru lebih mengembangkan kompetensi kepribadiannya serta guru harus mempersiapkan dirinya untuk memahami pemanfaatan sumber belajar. Curriculum 2013 is the curriculum applied in Indonesia recently. It brings fundamental changes in teachers’ teaching and learning. Thus, teachers are required to prepare themselves in implementing curriculum 2013. The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is influence of teacher training, teacher competence, and infrastructure towards manajement business department teacher’s readiness in curriculum 2013 implementation in SMK N 1 Purbalingga. The population of this study was manajement business department teachers in

  18. GURU v2.0: An interactive Graphical User interface to fit rheometer curves in Han’s model for rubber vulcanization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Milani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A GUI software (GURU for experimental data fitting of rheometer curves in Natural Rubber (NR vulcanized with sulphur at different curing temperatures is presented. Experimental data are automatically loaded in GURU from an Excel spreadsheet coming from the output of the experimental machine (moving die rheometer. To fit the experimental data, the general reaction scheme proposed by Han and co-workers for NR vulcanized with sulphur is considered. From the simplified kinetic scheme adopted, a closed form solution can be found for the crosslink density, with the only limitation that the induction period is excluded from computations. Three kinetic constants must be determined in such a way to minimize the absolute error between normalized experimental data and numerical prediction. Usually, this result is achieved by means of standard least-squares data fitting. On the contrary, GURU works interactively by means of a Graphical User Interface (GUI to minimize the error and allows an interactive calibration of the kinetic constants by means of sliders. A simple mouse click on the sliders allows the assignment of a value for each kinetic constant and a visual comparison between numerical and experimental curves. Users will thus find optimal values of the constants by means of a classic trial and error strategy. An experimental case of technical relevance is shown as benchmark.

  19. Tropospheric Column Ozone Response to ENSO in GEOS-5 Assimilation of OMI and MLS Ozone Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Mark A.; Wargan, Krzysztof; Pawson, Steven

    2016-01-01

    We use GEOS-5 analyses of Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) ozone observations to investigate the magnitude and spatial distribution of the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) influence on tropospheric column ozone (TCO) into the middle latitudes. This study provides the first explicit spatially resolved characterization of the ENSO influence and demonstrates coherent patterns and teleconnections impacting the TCO in the extratropics. The response is evaluated and characterized by both the variance explained and sensitivity of TCO to the Nino 3.4 index. The tropospheric response in the tropics agrees well with previous studies and verifies the analyses. A two-lobed response symmetric about the Equator in the western Pacific/Indonesian region seen in some prior studies and not in others is confirmed here. This two-lobed response is consistent with the large-scale vertical transport. We also find that the large-scale transport in the tropics dominates the response compared to the small-scale convective transport. The ozone response is weaker in the middle latitudes, but a significant explained variance of the TCO is found over several small regions, including the central United States. However, the sensitivity of TCO to the Nino 3.4 index is statistically significant over a large area of the middle latitudes. The sensitivity maxima and minima coincide with anomalous anti-cyclonic and cyclonic circulations where the associated vertical transport is consistent with the sign of the sensitivity. Also, ENSO related changes to the mean tropopause height can contribute significantly to the midlatitude response. Comparisons to a 22-year chemical transport model simulation demonstrate that these results from the 9- year assimilation are representative of the longer term. This investigation brings insight to several seemingly disparate prior studies of the El Nino influence on tropospheric ozone in the middle latitudes.

  20. Tropospheric column ozone response to ENSO in GEOS-5 assimilation of OMI and MLS ozone data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Olsen

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available We use GEOS-5 analyses of Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS ozone observations to investigate the magnitude and spatial distribution of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO influence on tropospheric column ozone (TCO into the middle latitudes. This study provides the first explicit spatially resolved characterization of the ENSO influence and demonstrates coherent patterns and teleconnections impacting the TCO in the extratropics. The response is evaluated and characterized by both the variance explained and sensitivity of TCO to the Niño 3.4 index. The tropospheric response in the tropics agrees well with previous studies and verifies the analyses. A two-lobed response symmetric about the Equator in the western Pacific/Indonesian region seen in some prior studies and not in others is confirmed here. This two-lobed response is consistent with the large-scale vertical transport. We also find that the large-scale transport in the tropics dominates the response compared to the small-scale convective transport. The ozone response is weaker in the middle latitudes, but a significant explained variance of the TCO is found over several small regions, including the central United States. However, the sensitivity of TCO to the Niño 3.4 index is statistically significant over a large area of the middle latitudes. The sensitivity maxima and minima coincide with anomalous anti-cyclonic and cyclonic circulations where the associated vertical transport is consistent with the sign of the sensitivity. Also, ENSO related changes to the mean tropopause height can contribute significantly to the midlatitude response. Comparisons to a 22-year chemical transport model simulation demonstrate that these results from the 9-year assimilation are representative of the longer term. This investigation brings insight to several seemingly disparate prior studies of the El Niño influence on tropospheric ozone in the middle latitudes.

  1. REMEDIASI MISKONSEPSI MAHASISWA CALON GURU FISIKA PADA KONSEP GAYA MELALUI PENERAPAN MODEL SIKLUS BELAJAR (LEARNING CYCLE 5E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Taufiq

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini mengenai upaya identifikasi miskonsepsi mahasiswa berkaitan dengan konsep gaya menggunakan Certainty of Response Index (CRI dan Wawancara. Dari hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa mengalami miskonsepsi berkaitan dengan konsep gaya dengan berbagai tingkatan yang berbeda-beda yaitu tingkat tinggi, sedang, dan rendah. Penggunaan tes model Certainty of Response Index (CRI dalam penelitian ini sangat membantu peneliti khususnya untuk memetakan tingkat miskonsepsi yang dialami oleh mahasiswa. Implementasi model pembelajaran siklus belajar (learning cycle 5E mampu menurunkan proporsi siswa yang mengalami miskonsepsi mahasiswa pada konsep gaya, yakni dari 46% menjadi 2,8%. Dengan demikian ada peningkatan proporsi penurunan jumlah siswa yang mengalami miskonsepsi sebanyak 43,2%, Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa model pembelajaran siklus belajar (learning cycle 5E efektif mampu untuk meningkatkan proporsi penurunan jumlah siswa yang mengalami miskonsepsi.   This research is about identification of student misconceptions related to the concept of force using Certainty of Response Index (CRI and Interview. From the analysis of the data showed that students had misconceptions related to the concept of force with a variety of different levels, are: high, medium, and low. The use of model tests Certainty of Response Index (CRI in this study greatly helps researchers to map the particular misconceptions experienced by students. The implementation result of the learning cycle instructional model 5E able to reduce the proportion of students who have misconceptions in the concept of force, from 46% to 2.8%. Thus, there is an increase in the proportion of reduction in the number of students who have misconceptions as much as 43.2%, This result shows that the model of the learning cycle model 5E effectively able to decrease the proportion of students who have misconceptions.

  2. Guru Sahabat Siswa: Program Kesehatan Reproduksi bagi Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rieka Esti Saraswati

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The issue of reproductive health is increasing year by year. Proper understanding of reproductive healt his absolutely necessary for students at school. Teacher is one of the important part in learning process, so teachers must have an understanding of reproductive healt has well as sufficient skills to deliver it properly to the students. The purpose of this study is to know the effectiveness of the "Guru Sahabat Siswa” program to increase teachers’ skills to become facilitators in a group discussion on reproductive health theme. The study involves 16 teachers in Junior High School in Yogyakarta. The research will be applied by using the experimental untreated control group design with pretest and post test. This program was proved for improving teachers' skills to be a facilitator in group discussions about reproductive health (F=14,411, p

  3. ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN GURU KIMIA TERHADAP MATERIAL KURIKULUM MODEL “ATK” DAN POLA EDUKASI “ADIR”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momo Rosbiono

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research initiated from the problems there are low quality of chemistry teacher comprehend in academic knowledge. The main goals of this research was to comprehend what model of ”Curriculum Materials” (CM and “Amalgamation Teacher Knowledge” (ATK educative framework were needed by chemistry teacher?. The research conducted by using descriptive method which express phenomenon are there him. The subject of this research were the Candidate of Chemistry Teachers which out-going in program of Profession Training and Education (PTE at Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education, Indonesia University of Education and Chemistry Teachers from Group Discussion of Chemistry Teacher (GDCT at Karawang. The data were collected through questionnaires and analysis form of teacher academic needs. The data analysis technique worked through qualitative and quantitative techniques. Based on the empirical and theoretical analysis the research findings which resulted were: (1 The CM with ATK model was relevance with academic chemistry teacher needs, this model illustrated the integration of essential concepts of curriculum, chemistry subject matter, chemistry teaching, professional development of chemistry teacher, and academic skills of chemistry teacher through “key formulas”; (2 the CM structure that relevance for chemistry teacher academic needs was included the objectives formulation, subject matter description, questions, training tasks, and answer keys; (3 the CM content that relevance for chemistry teacher academic needs was included the essential concepts of curriculum, chemistry content, chemistry teaching, professional development of chemistry teacher, and academic skills of chemistry teacher; (4 the educative framework that effectively for using CM was guidance and training through the mechanism of “absorbing, doing, interacting, and reflecting” (ADIR. Key words: curriculum material, ATK model, ADIR

  4. ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN GURU KIMIA TERHADAP MATERIAL KURIKULUM MODEL “ATK” DAN POLA EDUKASI “ADIR”

    OpenAIRE

    Momo Rosbiono

    2011-01-01

    This research initiated from the problems there are low quality of chemistry teacher comprehend in academic knowledge. The main goals of this research was to comprehend what model of ”Curriculum Materials” (CM) and “Amalgamation Teacher Knowledge” (ATK) educative framework were needed by chemistry teacher?. The research conducted by using descriptive method which express phenomenon are there him. The subject of this research were the Candidate of Chemistry Teachers which out-going in program ...

  5. The Global Structure of UTLS Ozone in GEOS-5: A Multi-Year Assimilation of EOS Aura Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wargan, Krzysztof; Pawson, Steven; Olsen, Mark A.; Witte, Jacquelyn C.; Douglass, Anne R.; Ziemke, Jerald R.; Strahan, Susan E.; Nielsen, J. Eric

    2015-01-01

    Eight years of ozone measurements retrieved from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and the Microwave Limb Sounder, both on the EOS Aura satellite, have been assimilated into the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) data assimilation system. This study thoroughly evaluates this assimilated product, highlighting its potential for science. The impact of observations on the GEOS-5 system is explored by examining the spatial distribution of the observation-minus-forecast statistics. Independent data are used for product validation. The correlation coefficient of the lower-stratospheric ozone column with ozonesondes is 0.99 and the bias is 0.5%, indicating the success of the assimilation in reproducing the ozone variability in that layer. The upper-tropospheric assimilated ozone column is about 10% lower than the ozonesonde column but the correlation is still high (0.87). The assimilation is shown to realistically capture the sharp cross-tropopause gradient in ozone mixing ratio. Occurrence of transport-driven low ozone laminae in the assimilation system is similar to that obtained from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) above the 400 K potential temperature surface but the assimilation produces fewer laminae than seen by HIRDLS below that surface. Although the assimilation produces 5 - 8 fewer occurrences per day (up to approximately 20%) during the three years of HIRDLS data, the interannual variability is captured correctly. This data-driven assimilated product is complementary to ozone fields generated from chemistry and transport models. Applications include study of the radiative forcing by ozone and tracer transport near the tropopause.

  6. PERILAKU PROFESIONAL GURU PROGRESIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmuri Darma

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Teachers play a leading role and occupy a very crucial position in the world of education, especially education organized formally in both schools and madrasah. Therefore, the constitutional existence of teachers has been regulated in Law no. 14 of 2005 on teachers and lecturers. The law requires a number of teacher competencies as professional educators. Although formally the teacher is regarded as a professional educator, but in practice in the field various types and behavioral models presented by the teacher in realizing the duties and responsibilities of his profession as a teacher is mainly reflected in the learning activities in the classroom. There are behavioral behavior of teachers who are stagnant even tend to decline and there is also the behavior of teachers who experience improvement and progress. The latter is what is referred to as progressive professional behavior.

  7. PROFIL PENGEMBANGAN PROFESIONAL GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Sutrisno

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is to describe the developent of pedagogical competence, professional competence, personal competence, and social competence of the International Standard Pioneer School in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung. The focus in this study were teacher professional development  of the international  standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung, by observing the development of pedagogical competence, competence professional, personal competence, and social competence of the international   standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung. The study is the qualitative research with the ethnography approach. This research was conducted in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung year 2010/2011, the source of the data  obtained  from  the  principal,  vice  principal,  head  of  the  International  Standard Pioneer School programs, teachers, librarians, and students. Data collected by in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. Validity of the data was done by triangulation techniques. Analysis of the data used is a model of interactive analysis.   The results of this research can be concluded that the development of pedagogical competence of teachers  of the international   standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung teachers include longer emphasizes the management aspects of learning, the development of  professional competence include the  aspect  of  improving the  skills  and  aspects of knowledge, competence development aspects of personality include mental, spiritual, and the  formation  of  professional  ethics  that  provides  a  change  in  attitude  teachers  in managing learning, while the component that was developed in the social competence includes the development of emotional intelligence, and development of teachers' roles in professional organizations (MGMP. Developed in the fourth aspect is the competence of the teacher

  8. Penerapan Supervisi Klinis untuk Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru dalam Proses Belajar Mengajar Gugus IV Sanankulon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Utami

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui dampak supervise klinis terhadap kinerja guru dalam proses belajar mengajar.Tindakan melalui supervise klinis.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya peningkatan kinerja guru dalam melaksanakan proses belajar mengajar, siklus I mencapai 72% atau ada13 guru dari 18 guru sudah berhasil dalam melaksanakan proses belajar mengajar, siklus II keberhasilan guru dalam melaksanakan proses belajar mengajar mencapai 89%atau ada 16 guru dari 18 guru sudah berhasil dalam melaksanakan proses belajar mengajar.

  9. Horizontal Variability of Water and Its Relationship to Cloud Fraction near the Tropical Tropopause: Using Aircraft Observations of Water Vapor to Improve the Representation of Grid-scale Cloud Formation in GEOS-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selkirk, Henry B.; Molod, Andrea M.

    2014-01-01

    Large-scale models such as GEOS-5 typically calculate grid-scale fractional cloudiness through a PDF parameterization of the sub-gridscale distribution of specific humidity. The GEOS-5 moisture routine uses a simple rectangular PDF varying in height that follows a tanh profile. While below 10 km this profile is informed by moisture information from the AIRS instrument, there is relatively little empirical basis for the profile above that level. ATTREX provides an opportunity to refine the profile using estimates of the horizontal variability of measurements of water vapor, total water and ice particles from the Global Hawk aircraft at or near the tropopause. These measurements will be compared with estimates of large-scale cloud fraction from CALIPSO and lidar retrievals from the CPL on the aircraft. We will use the variability measurements to perform studies of the sensitivity of the GEOS-5 cloud-fraction to various modifications to the PDF shape and to its vertical profile.

  10. Peningkatan Pengetahuan Dan Keterampilan Guru SD Muhammadiyah 4 Batu Dalam Mengelola Pembelajaran ABK melalui Lesson Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Poerwanti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Anak-anak dengan kebutuhan khusus (ABK yang dikenal sebagai anak-anak cacat, atau anak-anak yang luar biasa, anak-anak yaitu yang menyimpang secara signifikan dari kriteria normal, baik dari aspek fisik, psikologis, emosional dan sosial. Mulai tahun 2001, pemerintah mulai program pendidikan inklusif, pendidikan inklusif adalah untuk memasukkan anak-anak dengan kebutuhan khusus belajar bersama dengan anak normal di kelas dan sekolah reguler. Masalahnya, guru di sekolah reguler tidak berpendidikan dan dipersiapkan khusus untuk mengelola proses belajar mengajar untuk ABK. Masalah juga dialami oleh SD Muhammadiyah 4 Batu, untuk membantu memecahkan masalah tim FKIP menerapkan aktivitas Lesson Study untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan guru dan keterampilan dalam mengelola ABK pembelajaran individual Lesson study yang dilakukan dalam tiga siklus yang dikemas dalam tiga model pembelajaran; ABK belajar sendiri di kelas khusus, pengajaran dan pembelajaran di kelas reguler dan pengajaran dan pembelajaran ABK di kelas reguler dengan bantuan GPK. Setiap siklus terdiri dari beberapa kegiatan. Studi pelajaran terdiri dari empat kegiatan yang disingkat PDCA; P (rencana atau perencanaan, D (lakukan adalah pelaksanaan pembelajaran oleh seorang guru sebagai model dan diamati oleh guru lainnya, C (cek merupakan cerminan dari perbaikan lebih lanjut proses pembelajaran, dan A (tindak adalah tindak lanjut.  Dari tiga tahapan pelaksanaan proses belajar mengajar ABK dapat memberikan manfaat bagi para guru untuk meningkatkan pemahaman dan keterampilan untuk mengelola pembelajaran untuk ABK. Melalui Lesson Study diharapkan ABK mendapatkan layanan yang tepat dan belajar yang optimal. Beberapa temuan dampak pada perilaku siswa di kelas adalah bahwa siswa dapat menerima keberadaan ABK di. Meskipun keterbatasan kelas fasilitas guru mendapatkan pengalaman berharga yang terkait dengan pengembangan pembelajaran melalui forum ABK Lesson Study. Jadi kebutuhan untuk pelaksanaan tindak

  11. Connecting Satellite Observations with Water Cycle Variables Through Land Data Assimilation: Examples Using the NASA GEOS-5 LDAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichle, Rolf H.; De Lannoy, Gabrielle J. M.; Forman, Barton A.; Draper, Clara S.; Liu, Qing

    2013-01-01

    A land data assimilation system (LDAS) can merge satellite observations (or retrievals) of land surface hydrological conditions, including soil moisture, snow, and terrestrial water storage (TWS), into a numerical model of land surface processes. In theory, the output from such a system is superior to estimates based on the observations or the model alone, thereby enhancing our ability to understand, monitor, and predict key elements of the terrestrial water cycle. In practice, however, satellite observations do not correspond directly to the water cycle variables of interest. The present paper addresses various aspects of this seeming mismatch using examples drawn from recent research with the ensemble-based NASA GEOS-5 LDAS. These aspects include (1) the assimilation of coarse-scale observations into higher-resolution land surface models, (2) the partitioning of satellite observations (such as TWS retrievals) into their constituent water cycle components, (3) the forward modeling of microwave brightness temperatures over land for radiance-based soil moisture and snow assimilation, and (4) the selection of the most relevant types of observations for the analysis of a specific water cycle variable that is not observed (such as root zone soil moisture). The solution to these challenges involves the careful construction of an observation operator that maps from the land surface model variables of interest to the space of the assimilated observations.

  12. English Math For Kindergarten Bagi Guru-Guru Paud Nurul Ilmi Di Kecamatan Tembalang Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ririn Ambarini

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi yang akan di transfer kepada guru-guru PAUD Nurul Ilmi?é?á ?é?áSemarang adalah pelatihan bagaimana menerapkan pembelajaran English for Math untuk anak usia dini dan dengan materi Mathematics: What your Child Wil be Workig on in Kindergarten, Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Anak Usia Dini, Pembelajaran Bilingual untuk Anak Usia Dini, dan English Math for Early Childhood Education. Dengan adanya IbM English Math for Kindergarten Students?é?á?é?á sebagai game edukasi sekaligus?é?á ?é?áteaching aids maka diharapkan akan memberikan kontribusi bagi guru-guru PAUD untuk lebih mengembangkan ide-ide kreatif dalam mengajar sehingga suasana pembelajaran lebih menyenangkan selain juga memupuk kreatifitas dan mengembangkan potensi serta semangat belajar anak usia dini. ?é?á Kata kunci: English for Math, Pembelajaran, Anak Usia Dini.

  13. Investigation of tracer emission and transport in GEOS-5 during ARCTAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bian, H.; Chin, M.; Kawa, S. R.; Colarco, P. R.; Nielsen, E.; Pawson, S.; Kucsera, T.; da Silva, A.; Chu, A. D.

    2009-12-01

    We examine the emission and transport of trace gases and their impact on the Arctic environment during two ARCTAS flights. One captures Asian anthropogenic pollution and one focuses on the impact of biomass burning. Three approaches are used in our study. First, the comparison of GEOS5 CO and aerosol with observations from the two ARCTAS flights provides evaluation of the model’s sources, sinks, chemistry, and transport. Second, backward trajectories from the aircraft measurements trace the pollutant samples to their source regions and forward trajectories applied to the emissions at the pollutant origin target the final destination of the pollutant. Third, a high meridonal index (HMI) approach, which emphasizes the part of a blocking where the jet stream curves northwards, will be used to link the long-range pollutant transport from northern hemispheric mid-latitudes to the Arctic region.

  14. Global environment outlook GEO5. Environment for the future we want

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-05-15

    The main goal of UNEP's Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is to keep governments and stakeholders informed of the state and trends of the global environment. Over the past 15 years, the GEO reports have examined a wealth of data, information and knowledge about the global environment; identified potential policy responses; and provided an outlook for the future. The assessments, and their consultative and collaborative processes, have worked to bridge the gap between science and policy by turning the best available scientific knowledge into information relevant for decision makers. The GEO-5 report is made up of 17 chapters organized into three distinct but linked parts. Part 1 - State and trends of the global environment; Part 2 - Policy options from the regions; Part 3 - Opportunities for a global response.

  15. Global environment outlook GEO5. Environment for the future we want

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-05-15

    The main goal of UNEP's Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is to keep governments and stakeholders informed of the state and trends of the global environment. Over the past 15 years, the GEO reports have examined a wealth of data, information and knowledge about the global environment; identified potential policy responses; and provided an outlook for the future. The assessments, and their consultative and collaborative processes, have worked to bridge the gap between science and policy by turning the best available scientific knowledge into information relevant for decision makers. The GEO-5 report is made up of 17 chapters organized into three distinct but linked parts. Part 1 - State and trends of the global environment; Part 2 - Policy options from the regions; Part 3 - Opportunities for a global response.

  16. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU DENGAN PENDEKATAN ANALYSIS HIERARCHY PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reni Daharti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Seorang guru sebagai seorang pendidik merupakan komponen penting dalam proses pendidikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1 menganalisis profil guru SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal, (2 menganalisis prioritas kebijakan dalam meningkatkan kompetensi guru di daerah penelitian, (3 menentukan strategi untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru melalui prioritas kebijakan yang dapat diterapkan di daerah penelitian. Respondennya adalah 33 guru SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal. Mereka dipilih dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Selain itu 15 orang dipilih untuk menjadi keyperson. Statistik Deskriptif dan Analisis Hierarchy Process digunakan untuk menganalisis data dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kompetensi pedagogik dan kompetensi profesional guru adalah moderat dan guru memiliki kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial yang tinggi. Hal yang harus ditingkatkan adalah kompetensi guru. Prioritas utama dalam meningkatkan kompetensi guru di Kabupaten Tegal adalah (1 memilih moralitas calon guru 2 menyaring kualitas guru (3 mengirim guru untuk mengikuti berbagai pelatihan untuk meningkatkan karakter mereka.A teacher as an educator is an important component in the educational process. This study aims to (1 analyze the teacher profile of SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal,  (2 analyze the policy priorities in improving the competence of teachers in the study area, (3 determine the strategies for enhancing the competence of teachers through the policy priorities that can be applied in the study area. There are 33 junior high school teachers of SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal as the respondents. They were selected by using simple random sampling. Then, there are also15 key persons. Descriptive Statistics and Analysis Hierarchy Process were used to analyze the data in the study. The results show that pedagogical competence and professional competence are moderate and the teachers have high personality and social competence. The thing that should be

  17. Does Guru Granth Sahib describe depression?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalra, Gurvinder; Bhui, Kamaldeep; Bhugra, Dinesh

    2013-01-01

    Sikhism is a relatively young religion, with Guru Granth Sahib as its key religious text. This text describes emotions in everyday life, such as happiness, sadness, anger, hatred, and also more serious mental health issues such as depression and psychosis. There are references to the causation of these emotional disturbances and also ways to get out of them. We studied both the Gurumukhi version and the English translation of the Guru Granth Sahib to understand what it had to say about depression, its henomenology, and religious prescriptions for recovery. We discuss these descriptions in this paper and understand its meaning within the context of clinical depression. Such knowledge is important as explicit descriptions about depression and sadness can help encourage culturally appropriate assessment and treatment, as well as promote public health through education.

  18. Kepribadian Guru PAI dan Tantangan Globalisasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Susanna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Education is the process of changing attitudes and code of conduct of a person or group of people within the framework of human mature through teaching and training efforts. Behavior is a very important factor in the success of a teacher as an agent in learning. Teacher's personality will determine whether he be a good educator and mentor for the students. The phenomenon shows that globalization, especially those that are negative, if not careful will destroy the young generation with deviant behaviors. Abstrak Pendidikan merupakan proses pengubahan sikap dan tata laku seseorang atau kelompok orang dalam usaha mendewasakan manusia melalui upaya pengajaran dan latihan. Kepribadian merupakan faktor yang sangat penting dalam kesuksesan seorang guru sebagai agen dalam pembelajaran. Kepribadian seorang guru akan menentukan apakah ia menjadi pendidik dan pembina yang baik bagi anak didiknya. Fenomena menunjukan bahwa arus globalisasi, terutama yang bersifat negative, bila tidak hati-hati akan menghancurkan generasi muda dengan perilaku-perilaku yang menyimpang. Kata Kunci: Kepribadian Guru PAI dan Globalisasi

  19. Comments on "Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Scott A.

    2010-01-01

    Considerable attention has been given to the potential negative impacts of the Saharan air layer (SAL) in recent years. Researchers recently raised questions about the negative impacts of Dunion and Velden and other studies in terms of storms that reached at least tropical storm strength and suggested that the SAL was an intrinsic part of the tropical cyclone environment for both storms that weaken after formation and those that intensify. Braun also suggested that several incorrect assumptions underlie many of the studies on the negative impacts of the SAL, including assumptions that most low-to-midlevel dry tropical air is SAL air, that the SAL is dry throughout its depth, and that the proximity of the SAL to storms struggling to intensify implies some role in that struggle. The recent paper by Reale et al.(RL1) is an example of the problems inherent in some of these assumptions. In their paper, RL1 analyze a simulation from the Global Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) global model and describe an extensive tongue of warm, dry air that stretches southward from at least 30 deg N (the northern limit of their plots) and wraps into a low pressure system during the period 26-29 August 2006, suppressing convection and possibly development of the African easterly wave associated with that low pressure system. They attributed the warm, dry tongue to the SAL (i.e., heating of the air mass during passage over the Sahara and radiative warming of the dust layer). Whether it was their intention, the implication is that this entire feature is due solely to the SAL and not to other possible sources of dry air or warmth. In addition, they suggested that a cool tongue of air in the boundary layer located directly beneath the elevated warm, dry tongue (forming a thermal dipole) was possibly the result of reduced solar radiation caused by an overlying dust layer. They stated that "the cool anomaly in the lower levels does not have any plausible explanation relying only on transport

  20. ANTESEDEN KOMITMEN ORGANISASIONAL DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KINERJA TUGAS (JOB PERFORMANCE GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harif Amali Rivai

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe current research examines fit model of relationships among antecedents of organizational commitment (i.e. perceived organizational support, participative leadership style, psychological empowerment and its impact on job performance of teachers. A theoretical model was estimated using senior high school teachers in Padang. Anonym questionnaires were distributed to maintain confidentiality of the respondents. Two hundred eighty two respondents voluntarily participated and included into statistical analysis. The results of testing model using AMOS 16 found that parti¬cipative leadership style and perceived organizational support have significant effect on organiza¬tional commitment of the teachers. Organizational commitment also demonstrated significant im¬pact on job performance of teachers. Meanwhile, psychological empowerment did not significantly influence on organizational commitment. This study provides insight to help police makers how to improve tearchers’ performance. Implication of the research was also discussed in this study.Key words:Perceived organizational support, participative leadership, psychologival empower¬ment, organizational commitment, job performance.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji ketepatan model yang menjelaskan anteseden komitmen organisasional (persepsi atas dukungan organisasional, gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif, pemberdayaan psikologis dan dampaknya terhadap kinerja tugas guru. Model teoritis penelitian diestimasi dengan menggunakan sampel dari guru-guru yang mengajar pada Sekolah Menengah Atas di kota Padang. Kuesioner tanpa nama (anonym didistribusikan untuk menjaga kerahasiaan responden. Sebanyak 282 responden dianalisis dalam penelitian ini. Hasil pengujian dengan menggunakan aplikasi AMOS 16.0. menemukan bahwa model teoritikal dapat memenuhi kriteria goodness of fit model. Hasil penelitian mendukung bahwa variable persepsi yang terdiri dari gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif dan

  1. Fast preparation of Bi2GeO5 nanoflakes via a microwave-hydrothermal process and enhanced photocatalytic activity after loading with Ag nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Zhao-Qian; Lin, Xin-Shan; Zhang, Lei; Chen, Xue-Tai; Xue, Zi-Ling

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► Bi 2 GeO 5 nanoflakes were successfully synthesized via a microwave-assisted solution-phase approach. ► Ag nanoparticles were deposited on the Bi 2 GeO 5 nanoflakes by a photoreduction procedure. ► Catalytic activity of the Ag/Bi 2 GeO 5 nanocomposite in the photo-degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) was much higher than that of pure Bi 2 GeO 5 . -- Abstract: In this work, a facile and rapid microwave-assisted hydrothermal route has been developed to prepare Bi 2 GeO 5 nanoflakes. Ag nanoparticles were subsequently deposited on the Bi 2 GeO 5 nanoflakes by a photoreduction procedure. The phases and morphologies of the products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectrum (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Photocatalytic experiments indicate that such Ag/Bi 2 GeO 5 nanocomposite possesses higher photocatalytic activity for RhB degradation under UV light irradiation in comparison to pure Bi 2 GeO 5 . The amount of Ag in the nanocomposite affects the catalytic activity, and 3 wt% Ag showed the highest photodegradation efficiency. Moreover, the catalyst remains active after four consecutive tests. The present study provides a new strategy to design composite materials with enhanced photocatalytic activity.

  2. Use of the NASA GEOS-5 SEAC4RS Meteorological and Aerosol Reanalysis for assessing simulated aerosol optical properties as a function of smoke age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randles, C. A.; da Silva, A. M., Jr.; Colarco, P. R.; Darmenov, A.; Buchard, V.; Govindaraju, R.; Chen, G.; Hair, J. W.; Russell, P. B.; Shinozuka, Y.; Wagner, N.; Lack, D.

    2014-12-01

    The NASA Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) Earth system model, which includes an online aerosol module, provided chemical and weather forecasts during the SEAC4RS field campaign. For post-mission analysis, we have produced a high resolution (25 km) meteorological and aerosol reanalysis for the entire campaign period. In addition to the full meteorological observing system used for routine NWP, we assimilate 550 nm aerosol optical depth (AOD) derived from MODIS (both Aqua and Terra satellites), ground-based AERONET sun photometers, and the MISR instrument (over bright surfaces only). Daily biomass burning emissions of CO, CO2, SO2, and aerosols are derived from MODIS fire radiative power retrievals. We have also introduced novel smoke "age" tracers, which provide, for a given time, a snapshot histogram of the age of simulated smoke aerosol. Because GEOS-5 assimilates remotely sensed AOD data, it generally reproduces observed (column) AOD compared to, for example, the airborne 4-STAR instrument. Constraining AOD, however, does not imply a good representation of either the vertical profile or the aerosol microphysical properties (e.g., composition, absorption). We do find a reasonable vertical structure for aerosols is attained in the model, provided actual smoke injection heights are not much above the planetary boundary layer, as verified with observations from DIAL/HRSL aboard the DC8. The translation of the simulated aerosol microphysical properties to total column AOD, needed in the aerosol assimilation step, is based on prescribed mass extinction efficiencies that depend on wavelength, composition, and relative humidity. Here we also evaluate the performance of the simulated aerosol speciation by examining in situ retrievals of aerosol absorption/single scattering albedo and scattering growth factor (f(RH)) from the LARGE and AOP suite of instruments. Putting these comparisons in the context of smoke age as diagnosed by the model helps us to

  3. PERAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA NEGERI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Tri Susanto

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah dalam pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru di SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Kabupaten Sleman terkait dengan peran kepala sekolah dan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi program pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan model Miles & Huberman, yang meliputi pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 perencanaan pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru dilakukan dengan pembentukan team; (2 jenis pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru yaitu penguasaan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi dalam pembelajaran; (3 melakukan evaluasi dengan membuat form/angket penilaian guru terhadap proses pembelajaran di kelas yang diisi oleh siswa; (4 peran kepala sekolah sebagai: (a pendidik; (b manajer; (c administrator; (d supervisor; (e peran sosial (f penggiat kewirausahaan; (g pemimpin; dan (h pencipta iklim. Kata kunci: peran kepala sekolah, pengembangan, kompetensi profesional guru THE PRINCIPAL’S ROLE IN DEVELOPING TEACHER COMPETENCY IN PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL Abstract This study aims to describe the principal's role in developing professional competence of teachers in SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Sleman, related to the role of principal’s and the planning, implementation, evaluation of teacher professional competence development program. This study used a qualitative approach, with a case study type. The research data were collected through observation, interviews and study documentation. The data analysis is model of Miles & Huberman, which includes data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. Results of the study: (1 the planning of teachers professional competence development is done by forming a team; (2 the type of teachers

  4. GAYA KOMUNIKASI GURU MATEMATIKA DITINJAU DARI TEORI KOMUNIKASI LOGIKA DESAIN PESAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Yasin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Komunikasi antara guru dan siswa merupakan faktor penting dalam proses belajar mengajar sehingga materi yang disampaikan terserap oleh siswa dengan baik. Penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana gaya komunikasi guru dalam mengajar matematika di MTs N Mranggen ditinjau dari teori komunikasi logika desain pesan. Secara umum tujuan penelitian ini adalah didiskripsikannya gaya komunikasi guru matematika di MTs N Mranggen ditinjau dari teori komunikasi logika desain pesan. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian kualitatif. Pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan adalah pendekatan deskriptif. penelitian deskriptif tidak bertujuan mencari hubungan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi partisipasi, dan dokumentasi. Sumber data utama adalah guru matematika. Keabsahan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian dengan menggunakan uji credibility (triangulasi dan kecukupan referensial, uji transferability, uji dependability, dan uji confirmability. Hasil penelitian yang didapatkan adalah gaya komunikasi guru matematika dalam pembelajaran di MTs N Mranggen. Setelah dianalisis GM1,GM2, dan GM3 cenderung menggunakan gaya komunikasi asertif. Sedangkan untuk logika desain pesan GM1 adalah ekspresif, konvensional, retorika, sedangkan GM2 cenderung ekspresif, untuk GM3 cenderung konvensional dan retorika. Model gaya komunikasi guru matematika di MTs N Mranggen adalah kontemporer, paradigma lama, dan transisional. Communication between teachers and learners is an important factor in the learning process so that the material submitted by the students absorbed properly. This study is to determine how the communication styles of teachers of teaching mathematics in MTs N Mranggen be reviewed communication theory of message design logic. Purpose in this research is to describing communication styles mathematics teacher in MTs N Mranggen based on the theory of communication message design logic. This research is a qualitative research. Forms

  5. Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes During SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reale, Oreste; Lau, William K.; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Brin, Eugenia

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates the role of the Saharan air layer (SAL) in tropical cyclogenetic processes associated with a nondeveloping and a developing African easterly wave observed during the Special Observation Period (SOP-3) phase of the 2006 NASA African. Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (NAMMA). The two waves are chosen because they both interact heavily with Saharan air. A glottal data assimilation and forecast system, the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System. version 5 (GEOS-5), is being run to produce a set of high-9 uality global analyses, inclusive of all observations used operationally but with additional satellite information. In particular, following previous works by the same authors, the duality-controlled data from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) used to produce these analyses have a better coverage than the one adopted by operational centers. From these improved analyses, two sets of 31 five-day high-resolution forecasts, at horizontal resolutions of both half and quarter degrees, are produced. Results indicate that very steep moisture gradients are associated with the SAL in forecasts and analyses, even at great distances from their source over the Sahara. In addition, a thermal dipole in the vertiieat (warm above, cool below) is present in the nondeveloping case. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spoctroradiometer (MODIS) aboard NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites shows that aerosol optical thickness, indicative of more dust as opposed to other factors, is higher in the nondeveloping case. Altogether, results suggest that the radiative effect of dust may play some role in producing a thermal structure less favorable to cyclogenesis. Results also indicate that only global horizontal resolutions on the order of 20-30 km can capture the large-scale transport and the tine thermal structure of the SAL, inclusive of the sharp moisture gradients, reproducing the effect of tropical cyclone suppression that has been hypothesized by previous authors

  6. PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN GURU DALAM PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI PADA KEGIATAN PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ceha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dalam upaya peningkatan mutu mengajar dan mutu pembelajaran di era globalisasi, guru sebaiknya menguasai program komputer, agar dapat memanfaatkan teknologi yang telah tersedia dan untuk memudahkan dalam mengajar. Guru hendaknya dapat menggunakan peralatan yang lebih ekonomis, efisien, dan mampu dimiliki oleh sekolah, tidak menolak digunakannya peralatan teknologi modern yang relevan dengan tuntutan masyarakat dan perkembangan zaman, serta mempunyai berbagai keterampilan yang mendukung tugasnya dalam mengajar. Salah satu keterampilan tersebut adalah bagaimana seorang guru dapat menggunakan media pembelajaran (Syaiful Bahri, 2006. Guru dapat membuat kreasi dan variasi media interaktif, pembuatan CD pembelajaran interaktif, powerpoint, dan dengan media komputer. Masalah utama yang dihadapi mitra saat ini adalah kemampuan guru dalam pemanfaatan IT atau ICT untuk kegiatan pembelajaran belum merata. Selain itu juga masih adanya kesenjangan literasi TIK antar wilayah di satu sisi dan perkembangan internet yang juga membawa dampak negatif terhadap nilai dan norma masyarakat sehingga perlu dilakukan upaya secara aktif dari semua stakeholder sekolah dalam peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran dengan memanfaatkan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi. Kegiatan Pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang diusulkan bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan guru mengenai pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi pada kegiatan pembelajaran, meningkatkan kemampuan guru untuk membuat bahan ajar pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi sehingga dapat mengoptimalkan potensi yang ada di sekolah mitra dalam pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi untuk peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran

  7. STRATEGI KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, GURU, ORANG TUA, DAN MASYARAKAT DALAM MEMBENTUK KARAKTER SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Suriansyah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menderskripsikan strategi kepala sekolah, guru, orang tua, dan masyarakat dalam pembentukan karakter siswa di sekolah dasar. Pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Instrumen penelitian adalah peneliti sendiri. Pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara mendalam, observasi partisipasi dan dokumentasi. Responden penelitian bersifat snow-ball. Teknik analisis data menggunakan model Creswell (2014. Keabsahan data digunakan kriteria kredibilitas, transferabilitas, dependabilitas, dan komfirmabilitas. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah strategi kepala sekolah dalam membentuk karakter siswa dengan filosofis kepemimpinan, keteladanan, kedisiplinan, kepemimpinan instruksional, kepemimpinan mutu, serta pemberdayaan guru dan tenaga kependidikan. Strategi guru adalah keteladanan, pembiasaan, dan sentuhan kalbu. Strategi orang tua dan masyarakat adalah komunikasi efektif dan kemitraan efektif. Kata Kunci: strategi, kepala sekolah, guru, masyarakat, karakter THE LEADERSHIP STRATEGIES OF SCHOOL PRINCIPALS, TEACHERS, PARENTS, AND THE COMMUNITIES IN BUILDING THE STUDENTS’ CHARACTER Abstract: This study was aimed to analyze the strategies of the school principals, teachers, parents, and communitiesinbuilding the student character in elementary schools. This study used the qualitative approach using the case study type. The research instrumentswere researhers themselves. The data were collected using the in-depth interview, participation observation, and documentation. The respondents were selected using the snowball sampling technique. The data were analyzed using the model developed by Creswell (2014. The verification of the data was done through credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability criteria. The findings showed that the strategies of the school principals in building the students’ character were the philosophy of leadership, modelling, discipline

  8. Penerapan Manajemen Pembelajaran untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Guru di MIN Kendari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasmi Rasmi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study aims to reveal about how the implementation of learning management to improve the competence of teachers in MIN  Kendari, how the forms teacher competence, and the factors that support and hinder the implementation of learning management to improve the competence of teachers. The result showed that the implementation of learning management to improve the competence of teachers in MIN Kendari not been implemented optimally in the planning stages of learning, organizational learning, learning implementation, evaluation of learning.  There factors supporting the implementation of learning management to improve the competence of teachers that is flexible and democratic principals in leading institutions, teachers have an average qualified Tier One and a few teachers qualified master, increased professionalism and competence of teachers that are specifically has been carried out by the head MIN Kendari to include teachers conduct seminars, workshops, training, availability of CCTV, LCD. While inhibiting factorss still the lack of availability of books supporting, the unavailability of rooms in the main learning laboratory science and language subjects, still lack the skills of teachers in the use of learning technology tools, the double post by teachers, teachers in addition to functional positions are also burdened with additional duty structural position.   Keywords: Management, Learning, Teacher Competency   Abstrak   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap tentang bagaimana penerapan manajemen pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Negeri (MIN Kendari, bagaimana bentuk-bentuk kompetensi guru, dan faktor-faktor yang mendukung dan menghambat. Dan jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan yang sifatnya kualitatif deskriftif. Adapun sumber data dalam penelitian ini adalah guru-guru dan staf tata usaha MIN Kendari, sedangkan metode pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, wawancara

  9. GURU MENDONGENG KEARIFAN LOKAL BANYUMASAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugeng Priyadi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Teachers skills in the collection and writing of folklore needs to be improved so that the cultural heritage of ancestors can be preserved. Furthermore, teachers develop learning model with storytelling folklore virtue that can be absorbed by the students. Learning model mythlogos- ethos could explain the mandate contained in folklore. The mandate is a form of local wisdom through character education. Keywords: folktale, local wisdom

  10. KETERAMPILAN DASAR KINERJA ILMIAH PADA MAHASISWA CALON GURU FISIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thoha Firdaus

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan IPA menekankan pada pemberian pengalaman langsung untuk mengembangkan kompetensi agar peserta didik mampu menjelajahi dan memahami alam sekitar secara ilmiah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi keterampilan dasar kinerja ilmiah pada mahasiswa calin guru fisika. Metode yang digunakan adalah survey dengan sampel 36 mahasiswa calon guru fisika. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket respon mahasiswa terhadap keterlaksanaan kegiatan praktikum dan wawancara dengan dosen pengampu. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa 50% mahasiswa mengalami kesulitan dalam menganalisis data dan membuat kesimpulan.

  11. Akurasi dan Akuntabilitas Penilaian Kinerja Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lubna Lubna

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:     There are a great number of teachers of Islamic religious education who hold a professional diploma and yet have not realized the tasks of competent professional teacher. The four indicators of competent and professional teacher, as these are elaborated in Statutes and Regulations, have not been integrated in teacher performance. This problem must be resolved. It requires a system that can control the implementation of the principles of professional teacher while at the same time does not ruin teacher’s profession and capability. This article offers professional-based assessment and evaluation of teacher performance as a medium for a regular control. This system will be able to measure teacher performance referring to their skills and to avoid deviation in the evaluation between what is taught and the subject being taught concerning teachers’ professional skills. With this professional-based evaluation system, the processes of evaluation and assessment become objective, accurate and accountable.Abstrak:      Banyak di antara guru PAI yang menyandang gelar profesional yang belum sepenuhnya mengusai kompetensi yang menjadi indikator guru profesional dalam pelaksaan tugas di kelas. Empat kompetensi inti guru profesional belum terintegrasi dalam kinerja guru sebagaimana amanah Undang-Undang dan berbagai peraturan yang mengawalnya. Menyikapi fenomena ini, dibutuhkan sebuah sistem yang dapat mengontrol kinerja guru sekaligus tidak meruntuhkan kredibilitas guru profesional. Tulisan ini menawarkan penilaian kinerja guru PAI berbasis profesional sebagai sistem kontrol yang dapat dilakukan secara berkala sampai tercipta budaya kerja yang profesional. Dengan penilaian kinerja berbasis profesional, akan dapat mengukur kinerja guru sesuai dengan bidang keahliannya, di samping menghindari terjadinya deviasi antara apa yang dinilai dengan bidang keahlian sesuai mata pelajaran. Dengan penilaian kinerja berbasis profesional

  12. Kesiapan Guru Bimbingan dan Konseling Menjalani Penilaian Kinerja Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirza Mirza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to reveal the readiness of guidance and counseling teachers toward Teacher’s Performance Assesment (TPA at the quality of their understanding and attitude by using quantitative-descriptive method.The subject of this research is all guidance and counseling teachers at State Senior High Schools and State Vocational High School in Batu Bara District, North Sumatera Province. The number of the research subjects is 33 persons. Semantic differential model scale is the instrument being used in this research to measure the understanding and attitude of research subjects toward TPA.Statistic technique of Mann Whitney U is used to compare the data of two independent samples, and of  Kruskal Wallis One Way Anova is used to compare the data of more than two independent samples, and Correlation Product Moment to see the correlation of the data.Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that the readiness scores of research subjects toward TPA are not in good category

  13. Framework 'interstitial' oxygen in La10(GeO4)5-(GeO5)O2 apatite electrolyte

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pramana, S.S.; White, T.J.

    2007-01-01

    Oxygen conduction at low temperatures in apatites make these materials potentially useful as electrolytes in solid-oxide fuel cells, but our understanding of the defect structures enabling ion migration is incomplete. While conduction along [001] channels is dominant, considerable inter-tunnel mobility has been recognized. Using neutron powder diffraction of stoichiometric 'La 10 (GeO 4 ) 6 O 3 ', it has been shown that this compound is more correctly described as an La 10 (GeO 4 ) 5- (GeO 5 )O 2 apatite, in which high concentrations of interstitial oxygen reside within the channel walls. It is suggested that these framework interstitial O atoms provide a reservoir of ions that can migrate into the conducting channels of apatite, via a mechanism of inter-tunnel oxygen diffusion that transiently converts GeO 4 tetrahedra to GeO 5 distorted trigonal bipyramids. This structural modification is consistent with known crystal chemistry and may occur generally in oxide apatites. (orig.)

  14. UPAYA GURU MENGEMBANGKAN KARAKTER SISWA MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA DENGAN PENDEKATAN REALISTIK PADA MATERI PERKALIAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmah Johar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis upaya guru mengembangkan karakter demokratis, kreatif, dan mandiri siswa melalui pembelajaran matematika dengan pendekatan realistic pada meteri perkalian di kelas III SD. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah tiga orang guru, yang terdiri dari dua orang guru di Banda Aceh dan satu orang guru di Surabaya. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui pengamatan dan wawancara terhadap guru dan siswa. Sebelum pelaksanaan pembelajaran tim peneliti memberikan masukan kepada guru untuk menerapkan pendekatan realistik sehingga mengembangkan karakter siswa. Data dianalisis secara kualitatif berdasarkan indikator dari karakter yang diamati. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dengan adanya kolaborasi antara tim peneliti dan guru mengakibatkan upaya guru mengembangkan karakter siswa dalam hal demokratis, kreatif, dan mandiri mengalami peningkatan. Kata kunci: Karakter, Pendekatan Matematika Realistik, Demokratis, Kreatif, dan Mandiri DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22342/jpm.10.1.3286.96-113

  15. PROFESIONALISME GURU AKUNTANSI PASCA SERTIFIKASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ansori

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study will be discussed related to the professionalism of teachers after certification, the efforts made to develop the professionalism of teachers, and the impact of certification policy on the quality of education. This research subject is accounting certified teacher with a population of 7 informants, and informants are the principal supporter and 3 learners. This research method is a descriptive qualitative approach, with this type of case studies. Collecting data using the model interviews, observation, and documentation. Data analysis techniques to 1 Data collection 2 reduction of data 3 data presentation 4 conclusion / verification. The results showed that 1 accounting certified teachers have a good level of professionalism. The teacher can understand the characteristics of students, mastering both subject areas of a scientific or educational field, is able to organize teaching well, mastering the material in depth, mastering the technology and professionalism are able to develop in a sustainable manner. 2 the efforts of teachers to develop professionalism is with workshops, seminars, training, training, writing books, looking for a new regulation, to follow the teacher association continues studies to improve the qualifications and buy gadgets as supporting tools in learning. 3 certification of a positive impact on the quality of education. It is suggested that could be given to teachers, namely that the purpose of the certification is not to get professional allowance alone, but that teachers can master the competence of teachers well and make teachers more professional in carrying out his profession. Professional allowances simply as a consequence of this capability.

  16. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN KOMUNIKASI INTERNAL TERHADAP EFEKTIVITAS KERJA GURU SMK PGRI WONOASRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajeng Marga Kusuma

    2017-04-01

    Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 1 ada pengaruh secara parsial kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah terhadap Efektivitas Kerja Guru SMK PGRI Wonoasri, 2 ada pengaruh secara parsial  komunikasi internal terhadap Efektivitas Kerja Guru SMK PGRI Wonoasri, 3 Ada Pengaruh secara simultan kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah dan komunikasi internal terhadap efektivitas kerja guru SMK PGRI Wonoasri

  17. KEMAMPUAN GURU TENTANG PENDIDIKAN JASMANI DAN PENILAIAN BERBASIS KINERJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomoliyus .

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan kemampuan guru pendidikan jasmani (penjas sekolah dasar yang sudah bersertifikasi dalam memahami pengertian pendidikan jasmani dan penilaian berbasis kinerja. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek penelitian ini adalah guru penjas yang sudah bersertifikasi sekolah dasar Kabupaten Bantul di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Teknik pengambilan subjek penelitian menggunakan purposive random sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian adalah: (1 guru penjas yang sudah bersertifikasi sekolah dasar sebagian besar kurang paham terhadap pengertian penjas modern; (2 guru penjas sekolah dasar sebagian besar kurang paham terhadap penilaian berbasis kinerja. Kata Kunci: pendidikan jasmani, penilaian berbasis kinerja, guru penjas TEACHERS‘ ABILITY ABOUT PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND PERFORMANCE-BASED ASSESSMENT Abstract: This study was aimed at describing the ability of the certified elementary school teachers of physical education to understand the definition of physical education and performance-based assessment. This study is categorised as descriptive qualitative research. The subjects of this study were the certified elementary school teachers of physical education in Bantul regency of Yogyakarta Special Province. The research subjects were selected using a purposive random sampling technique. The data were analyzed using a descriptive analysis technique. The findings of the study revealed that: (1 most of the certified eelementary school teachers of physical education lacked their understanding of the concept of the modern physical education; and (2 most of them lacked understanding of performancebased assessment. Keywords: physical education, performance-based assessment, teachers of physical education

  18. Blended Learning Implementation in “Guru Pembelajar” Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahdan, D.; Kamaludin, M.; Wendi, H. F.; Simanjuntak, M. V.

    2018-02-01

    The rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT), especially the internet, computers and communication devices requires the innovation in learning; one of which is Blended Learning. The concept of Blended Learning is the mixing of face-to-face learning models by learning online. Blended learning used in the learner teacher program organized by the Indonesian department of education and culture that a program to improve the competence of teachers, called “Guru Pembelajar” (GP). Blended learning model is perfect for learning for teachers, due to limited distance and time because online learning can be done anywhere and anytime. but the problems that arise from the implementation of this activity are many teachers who do not follow the activities because teachers, especially the elderly do not want to follow the activities because they cannot use computers and the internet, applications that are difficult to understand by participants, unstable internet connection in the area where the teacher lives and facilities and infrastructure are not adequate.

  19. PENGARUH PRAKTIK PENGALAMAN LAPANGAN (PPL, MINAT MENJADI GURU, DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR TERHADAP KESIAPAN MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU YANG PROFESIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Yulianto

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar terhadap kesiapan menjadi guru yang profesional. Populasi penelitian adalah mahasiswa Progam Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi Akuntansi tahun angkatan 2011 Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Semarang sebanyak 174 mahasiswa. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 122 mahasiswa yang ditentukan dengan teknik proportional random sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi, sedangkan teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif presentase, statistik inferensial, dan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukan praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar berpengaruh baik secara parsial maupun simultan terhadap kesiapan menjadi guru yang profesional. Hasil adjusted R^2 menunjukan adanya hubungan antara praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar terhadap kesiapan mahasiswa menjadi guru yang profesional sebesar 0.574 atau 57,4%. Saran yang diberikan dalam penelitian ini adalah hendaknya mahasiswa memperbanyak referensi tentang akuntansi, mengikuti berbagai forum diskusi akuntansi guna meningkatkan wawasan mengenai bidang studi akuntansinya; mahasiswa diharapkan meningkatkan minat untuk menjadi guru yang tinggi dengan mengenal lebih jauh tentang profesi guru, mencari tahu kabar dan informasi mengenai profesi keguruan, memanfatkan kegiatan praktik pengalaman lapangan dengan sungguh-sungguh yang dapat menunjang kesiapannya untuk menjadi guru. The purpose of that study was to determine the influence of practice field experience, interest becoming a teacher and learning achievement againts the readiness of the students to become a professional teacher. Population in this research are students of accounting education class of Faculty of Economic semarang state university as many as 174 students. Sample used in this study were 122 students

  20. KOMPETENSI GURU PAUD DALAM MEMBUAT ALAT BERMAIN SAINS DARI LIMBAH

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    Dwi Yulianti

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini bertujuan meningkatkan kompetensi guru PAUD dalam alat bermain sains (ABS dari barang-barang habis pakai atau limbah. Metode yang diterapkan berupa pelatihan dan workshop yang meliputi kuliah, praktek membuat alat dan peer teaching. ABS yang berhasil dibuat diantaranya tikar warna, pengukuran, menimbang, menakar, magnet, bunyi, pncampuran warna, gravitasi, telepon dari gelas plastik. Setelah kegiatan berlangsung terjadi peningkatan jumlah alat pada masing-masing sekolah. Terjadi pula peningkatan kompetensi guru dalam membuat alat bermain sains. Dari hasil uji coba melalui kegiatan per teaching, hasil belajar kognitif, afektif dan psikomotorik siswa meningkat secara signifikan.

  1. KENDALA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DALAM IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM 2013

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    Apri Damai Sagita Krissandi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kendala yang dialami guru SD dalam mengimplementasikan Kurikulum 2013. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Subjek penelitian ini adalah 65 guru SD di Yayasan Kanisius Cabang Jawa Tengah dan Yogyakarta. Data dikumpulkan dengan instrumen angket dan wawancara. Keabsahan data diperoleh dengan menggunakan trianggulasi teknik pengumpulan data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kendala-kendala yang dialami guru SD dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 berasal dari pemerintah, institusi, guru, orang tua, dan siswa. Kendala dari pemerintah meliputi pendistribusian buku, penilaian, administrasi guru, alokasi waktu, sosialisasi, pelaksanaan pembelajaran tematik, panduan pelaksanaan kurikulum, dan kegiatan pembelajaran dalam buku siswa. Kendala dari institusi meliputi sarana dan prasarana, dan rotasi guru baik vertikal dan horisontal. Kendala dari guru meliputi pembuatan media pembelajaran, pemahaman guru, pemaduan antarmuatan pelajaran dalam pembelajaran tematik, dan penguasan teknologi informasi. Kendala dari orang tua dan siswa meliputi rapor dan adaptasi terhadap pembelajaran tematik. Kata Kunci: kurikulum 2013, kendala implementasi THE CONSTRAINTS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2013 CURRICULUM Abstract: This study was aimed to describe the constraints of elementary school teachers in the implementation of the 2013 curriculum. This study was descriptive research. The subjects were 65 teachers in Central Java and Yogyakarta under the Kanisius Foundation. The data were collected using questionnaires and interviews. The validity of the data was obtained through the method triangulation. The data were analyzed using the descriptive analysis technique. The findings showed that the constraints in the 2013 curriculum impementation stemmed from the government, institution, teachers, parents, and students. The constraints from the government included the book

  2. KINERJA GURU SMK: ANALISIS BEBAN KERJA DAN KARAKTERISTIK PEMBELAJARAN

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    Waras Kamdi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Perfomance of Vocational School Teachers: Analysis on Teaching Work­load and Teaching Characteristics. The present study aims at describing vocational school teachers’ workload as measured from time on task, and teaching characteristics. For the purpose, the present study employs a survey in which a number of 155 teachers of 15 sampled vocational schools from 6 regions in East Java were drawn as the sample utilizing multi-stage sampling. Several points as follows are observed. First, vocatio­nal school teachers’ workload is greater than that of national standard of civil servants’ workload with a total ratio of 56.02:40.00 hours per week. Next, the average of their weekly credit hour, figures at 24.74 hours, greater than 24 hours as the national stan­dard. Thirdly, learning resources at voca­tional schools are dominated by electronic textbooks 89.03%, several of which are teacher-made modules 34.84%, and teacher-made job sheets 98.06%. Finally, most teachers 81.29% are used to group work assignment; however, 91.62% of the teachers claimed that they could not deliver their instruction without having a conventional class.   Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan beban kerja guru yang diukur ber­dasarkan time on task dan karakteristik pembelajaran. Responden berjumlah 155 guru, yang berasal dari 15 SMK Negeri dari 6 kota/ka­bu­paten di Jawa Timur yang diambil secara multi stage sampling. Data dikumpulkan dengan angket dan wawancara, dan dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 rerata beban kerja guru SMK 56,02 jam per minggu lebih tinggi daripada yang ditetapkan pemerin­tah mak­si­mum 40 jam per minggu; (2 rerata jam pelajaran tatap muka guru SMK 24,74, sedikit lebih tinggi dibanding ketentuan pemerintah 24 jam pelajaran; (3 sumber belajar di SMK didominasi buku teks elektronik 89,03%, di antaranya dilengkapi modul buatan guru 34,84% dan 98,06% guru telah menggunakan job sheet; dan (4 se­banyak  81

  3. KORELASI KREATIVITAS DAN MOTIVASI KERJA GURU TERHADAP PENINGKATAN MUTU PEMBELAJARAN

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    Muh Nashiruddin

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi antara: 1 kreativitas guru PAI terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama dan Budi Pekerti  , 2 motivasi kerja guru PAI terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama dan Budi Pekerti , dan 3 kreativitas dan motivasi kerja guru terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama dan Budi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskripsi korelasional dengan melibatkan 33 orang sampel yang dipilih secara dengan metode sensus.  Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan angket/kuesioner. Teknikanalisis data diawali dengan  uji prasyarat yaitu uji normalitas dan linieritas. Uji hipotesis menggunakanuji regresi sederhana danuji regresi ganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ; 1 Kreativitas guru berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam dan Budi Pekerti.  2  motivasi kerja guru  berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam dan Budi Pekerti.  3 kreativitas guru  dan motivasi kerja guru secara bersama-sama atau simultan berpengaruh terhadap mutu pembelajaran.  Hasil analisis juga  menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata nilai dari ketiga variabel tersebut hanya dapat dimasukkan dalam kategori sedang, sehingga  untuk meningkatkan kinerja guru dalam mengajar perlu diperhatikan faktor-faktor lain seperti: gaji, jaminan kerja, jaminan hari tua, penghargaan atas prestasi kerja, dan sebagainya.   Kata kunci: kreativitas, motivasi, mutupembelajaran   Abstract [The Relationship Between Teachers’ Creativity and Motivation Toward Learning Improvement]. This research aim at determine the correlation between the creativity of teachers on the improvement of learning quality of religious education and behavior, the work motivation of teachers on the improvement of learning quality of religious education and behavior, and  the creativity and the work motivation of eachers on the improvement  of learning quality of religious education and

  4. EFEKTIVITAS PROJECT BASED LEARNING TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN MENULIS BAHAN AJAR IPA CALON GURU SD

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    - Susilawati

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:. The purpose of this research is to analyze the effectiveness of Project Based Learning (PjBL of writing skills on Science teaching materials to elementary school teachers candidates.This research used experimental methods (single-one group pretest-posttest design with instruments such as portofolio assessment sheets, observation sheets, and  questionnaire sheets .The effectiveness of analyzing used n-gain and t-test .The subject of this research is elementary school teachers candidates who contracted “Science Learning”subject  in a program study teacher education of elementary school at University Muhammadiyah Cirebon. The findings of this study has produced a contextual book for Science teaching material. In addition, there is an increased of elementary school teachers candidates who prepared the teaching materials in a printed form relevant to the needs and characters of the students as well as the curriculum. It is proven by assessments that the ability rose significantly from 2,71 (category  is adequate skill to 3,83 (category is skilled and supported by the n-gain value  at 0,87. Based on the t-test count of 8,050 larger than t-table 2,045. Recommendations from this research is that PjBL as a learning model could become one of the alternative learning models to improve writing skills material for elementary school teachers candidates. Keyword: Project-Based-Learning, science-materials-teaching, elementary-schoo-teachers- candidates.   Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis efektivitas Project Based Learning (PjBL terhadap keterampilan menulis bahan ajar IPA Calon Guru SD. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen (Single-One Group Pretest-Posttest Design dengan menggunakan instrumen berupa lembar penilaian portofolio, lembar observasi, dan lembar angket. Efektivitas dianalisis menggunakan n-gain dan uji T. Subjek penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa calon guru yang mengontrak matakuliah Pembelajaran IPA di

  5. Using High Frequency Passive Microwave, A-train, and TRMM Data to Evaluate Hydrometer Structure in the NASA GEOS-5 Data Assimilation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Franklin; Bacmeister, Julio; Bosilovich, Michael; Pittman, Jasna

    2007-01-01

    Validating water vapor and prognostic condensate in global models remains a challenging research task. Model parameterizations are still subject to a large number of tunable parameters; furthermore, accurate and representative in situ observations are very sparse, and satellite observations historically have significant quantitative uncertainties. Progress on improving cloud / hydrometeor fields in models stands to benefit greatly from the growing inventory ofA-Train data sets. ill the present study we are using a variety of complementary satellite retrievals of hydrometeors to examine condensate produced by the emerging NASA Modem Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, MERRA, and its associated atmospheric general circulation model GEOS5. Cloud and precipitation are generated by both grid-scale prognostic equations and by the Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert (RAS) diagnostic convective parameterization. The high frequency channels (89 to 183.3 GHz) from AMSU-B and MRS on NOAA polar orbiting satellites are being used to evaluate the climatology and variability of precipitating ice from tropical convective anvils. Vertical hydrometeor structure from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and CloudSat radars are used to develop statistics on vertical hydrometeor structure in order to better interpret the extensive high frequency passive microwave climatology. Cloud liquid and ice water path data retrieved from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, MODIS, are used to investigate relationships between upper level cloudiness and tropical deep convective anvils. Together these data are used to evaluate cloud / ice water path, gross aspects of vertical hydrometeor structure, and the relationship between cloud extent and surface precipitation that the MERRA reanalysis must capture.

  6. First-principles calculation on oxygen ion migration in alkaline-earth doped La2GeO5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thuy Linh, Tran Phan; Sakaue, Mamoru; Aspera, Susan Meñez; Alaydrus, Musa; Wungu, Triati Dewi Kencana; Hoang Linh, Nguyen; Kasai, Hideaki; Mohri, Takahiro; Ishihara, Tatsumi

    2014-01-01

    By using first-principles calculations based on the density functional theory, we investigated the doping effects of alkaline-earth metals (Ba, Sr and Ca) in monoclinic lanthanum germanate La 2 GeO 5 on its oxygen ion conduction. Although the lattice parameters of the doped systems changed due to the ionic radii mismatch, the crystal structures remained monoclinic. The contribution of each atomic orbital to electronic densities of states was evaluated from the partial densities of states and partial charge densities. It was confirmed that the materials behaved as ionic crystals comprising of cations of La and dopants and anions of oxygen and covalently formed GeO 4 . The doping effect on the activation barrier for oxygen hopping to the most stable oxygen vacancy site was investigated by the climbing-image nudged elastic band method. By tracing the charge density change during the hopping, it was confirmed that the oxygen motion is governed by covalent interactions. The obtained activation barriers showed excellent quantitative agreements with an experiment for the Ca- and Sr-doped systems in low temperatures as well as the qualitative trend, including the Ba-doped system. (paper)

  7. Validation and Spatiotemporal Distribution of GEOS-5-Based Planetary Boundary Layer Height and Relative Humidity in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Si, Yidan; Li, Shenshen; Chen, Liangfu; Yu, Chao; Wang, Zifeng; Wang, Yang; Wang, Hongmei

    2018-04-01

    Few studies have specifically focused on the validation and spatiotemporal distribution of planetary boundary layer height (PBLH) and relative humidity (RH) data in China. In this analysis, continuous PBLH and surface-level RH data simulated from GEOS-5 between 2004 and 2012, were validated against ground-based observations. Overall, the simulated RH was consistent with the statistical data from meteorological stations, with a correlation coefficient of 0.78 and a slope of 0.9. However, the simulated PBLH was underestimated compared to LIDAR data by a factor of approximately two, which was primarily because of poor simulation in late summer and early autumn. We further examined the spatiotemporal distribution characteristics of two factors in four regions—North China, South China, Northwest China, and the Tibetan Plateau. The results showed that the annual PBLH trends in all regions were fairly moderate but sensitive to solar radiation and precipitation, which explains why the PBLH values were ranked in order from largest to smallest as follows: Tibetan Plateau, Northwest China, North China, and South China. Strong seasonal variation of the PBLH exhibited high values in summer and low values in winter, which was also consistent with the turbulent vertical exchange. Not surprisingly, the highest RH in South China and the lowest RH in desert areas of Northwest China (less than 30%). Seasonally, South China exhibited little variation, whereas Northwest China exhibited its highest humidity in winter and lowest humidity in spring, the maximum values in the other regions were obtained from July to September.

  8. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI GURU MATA PELAJARAN TIK TERHADAP MOTIVASI DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

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    Mr Heri Sutarno

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana kompetensi guru TIK berpengaruh terhadap motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa dalam mata pelajaran TIK. Penelitian ini dilakukan di sebuah sekolah sampel, dengan responden siswa SMA. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan metode survey eksplanatory. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan 3 (tiga cara, yaitu: Nilai Skala (Nilai Interval, untuk mengetahui kondisi dari masing-masing variabel; Analisis varians (ANOVA satu jalur; dan Korelasi untuk mengetahui keterhubungan variabel. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh hasil bahwa kompetensi pedagogik guru TIK yang ada di sekolah sampel tergolong cukup (56,07%, kompetensi kepribadian tergolong cukup (53,72%, kompetensi sosial tergolong cukup (45,22% dan kompetensi profesional tergolong tinggi (61,20%. Keterhubungan antara kompetensi guru dengan motivasi belajar diperkuat dengan kurangnya tingkat signifikansi sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada keterhubungan antara keempat kompetensi guru tersebut terhadap motivasi siswa untuk belajar mata pelajaran TIK. Secara parsial hanya kompetensi kepribadian (53,72% dan kompetensi profesional (61,20% yang terbukti dapat mempengaruhi motivasi belajar siswa. Untuk hasil belajar, dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan ternyata keterhubungan antara kompetensi guru dan motivasi belajar terhadap hasil belajar sangat kecil (50%. Sebagai saran dari penelitian ini yaitu instansi pencetak guru harus memastikan agar mahasiswa yang dididiknya memiliki kemampuan kompetensi guru seperti tertulis dalam PP No. 74 tahun 2008 sehingga dapat meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa, yang pada akhirnya keberadaan guru benar-benar bermakna dalam sebuah pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: guru TIK, kompetensi guru, motivasi, hasil belajar

  9. PENGARUH PERSEPSI TENTANG SERTIFIKASI GURU, STRATEGI PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK, DAN MOTIVASI KERJA TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA GURU SMKN

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    Tri Atmadji Sutikno

    2013-05-01

    Kata Kunci: sertifikasi guru, strategi penyelesaian konflik, motivasi kerja, produktivitas kerja THE INFLUENCE OF PERCEPTION ON TEACHER CERTIFICATION, CONFLICT RESOLUTION STRATEGIES, AND WORK MOTIVATION ON WORK PRODUCTIVITY OF SMKN TEACHERS IN MALANG Abstract: This study was aimed to investigate the influence of perception on teacher certification, conflict resolution strategies, and work motivation on work productivity. The population was SMK teachers in Malang and the sample (278 teachers was taken randomly. The data were analyzed using descriptive and correlational analyses. The findings showed: (1 perception about teacher certification, conflict resolution strategies, work motivation belonged to the high category while the work productivity belonged to the fair category, (2 there are relationships between (a perception about teacher certification, conflict resolution strategies and work motivation, (b conflict resolution strategies, work motivation and work productivity, (3 there is no relationship between perception about teacher certification and work productivity. Keywords: teacher certification, conflict resolution strategies, work motivation, and work productivity

  10. SIKAP GURU TAMAN KANAK-KANAK TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA

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    Sitti Hartinah DS, Teguh Setiawan

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Kindergarten Teachers’ Attitudes toward Mathematics Learning. This study was aimed to know the attitudes of kindergarten teachers to mathematics teaching and learning. The study, carried out in the Regency of Tegal, took 340 kindergarten teachers into the pool of the sample (65% of the population of 523 teachers. Proportional random sampling was used in the selection of the sample. Questionnaires in the form of attitude scale were distributed to the sample to elicit their responses. t-test was used to analyze the differences of the attitudes and Croncbach’s Alpha was used to arrive at the reliability index. The study found out that, in general, kindergarten teachers  have positive attitudes towards the teaching and learning of mathematics. Abstract: Sikap Guru TK terhadap Pembelajaran Matematika. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui sikap guru TK terhadap pembelajran matematika. Sampel sebanyak 340 dari 523 guru TK di Kabupaten Tegal (65% dari populasi yang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik rambang proporsional. Data dikum­pulkan dengan kuesioner berupa skala sikap yang dikembangkan dengan metode Likert. Pembobotan menggunakan deviasi normal. Kriteria pemilihan butir pernyataan terbaik menggunakan uji t yaitu uji kesa­maan dua rata-rata uji satu pihak dan analisis reliabilitas menggunakan Formula Croncbach’s Alpha. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa guru TK pada umumnya bersikap positif terhadap pembelajaran matematika.

  11. PENGKONSTRUKSIAN SEKTOR GURU DARI GRIYA JAWA: TAFSIR ATAS KAWRUH KALANG

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    Josef Prijotomo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Kawruh Kalang and Kawruh Griya are two Jawanese architectural texts being produced in the transitional period of the 19th to the 20th century. Following two of three steps of interpretation, as stated by Poespoprodjo, a study upon the guru-sector of Jawanese architecture is presented here. Among numerous findings of that study, one of them is the key position of the structural member named balandar-pangeret. This component not only direct and control the measurement of any Jawanese building, but also addressing the basic design chararacteristics of Jawa. It is then speculated that a Jawanese mode of design is embarked from the middle and then proceed downward to the earth and upward to reach the sky. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Teks Kawruh Kalang dan Kawruh Griya adalah teks arsitektur Jawa yang diproduksi dalam masa peralihan abad 19-20. Pengkajian atas teks tersebut dalam bentuk penafsiran-meng-'kata'-kan, memperlihatkan adanya pemikiran dasar penghadiran arsitektur yang bertolak dari balandar-pangeret, yakni balok-balok struktural yang ditopang oleh sakaguru. Masih dalam dimensi penafsiran sebagai meng-kata-kan, naskah yang dikaji diyakini mengindikasikan pemikiran arsitektural Jawa yang karakteristik yakni berawal dari tengah terus ke bawah, ke bumi, dan ke atas, ke angkasa. Kata kunci: griya jawa, sektor guru, balandar-pangeret, guru-acuan, guru-patokan.

  12. SUPERVISI PENGAJARAN, MOTIVASI KERJA, KINERJA GURU DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR

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    Andi Tenriningsih

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Relationship Among Instructional Supervision, Work Motivation, Teachers' Per­formance, and Students' School Achievement. The study tries to investigate the direct and indirect rela­tionships among the principals' supervision, work motivation, teachers' performance and students' school achievement in Public Elementary Schools in Barru. The data were analyzed by using SEM. 297 teachers were selected as the sample of the study representing a population of 1,329 teachers of public elementary schools in Barru. The result shows that the principals' supervision, work motivation, teachers' performance and students' learning achievement have positive and significant, relationship directly and/or indirectly. Abstrak: Supervisi Pengajaran, Motivasi Kerja, Kinerja Guru, dan Prestasi Belajar. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan hubungan langsung dan tidak langsung antara supervisi kepala sekolah dengan motivasi kerja, kinerja guru dan prestasi belajar siswa SD Negeri. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kore­lasional, menggunakan SEM AMOS 4.0.1. Populasi meliputi guru SD Negeri se Kabupaten Barru sejum­lah 1.329 orang, dengan sampel sebanyak 297 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa supervisi kepala sekolah, motivasi kerja, kinerja guru, dan prestasi belajar siswa memiliki hubungan yang bersifat positif dan signifikan, baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung.

  13. PENGEMBANGAN PROFESIONALITAS BERKELANJUTAN GURU BERSERTIFIKAT PENDIDIK DI SMK RUMPUN TEKNOLOGI

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    Sujianto Sujianto

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Continuous development of certified teachers in vocational high school tech­no­logy clump. The purpose of this study is to describe the continuing professionality deve­lop­ment of teachers certifiedcertified teachers through investments investing in self-development educators, scientific publications, and innovative work wetherboth independently, in groups, or insti­tutionalizedinsti­tutionally. This research uses a descriptive quantitative study design study, with and  a the research subjects are who is certified vocational teachers educators asin Malang Raya. The Research research instruments used in this study are questionnaires and interview guides. The results of this study indi­cate that continuing professionality development of certified teachers certified in vocational educators high school clumps technology clump is still relatively low, most teachers only are categorized in the categories category of sometimes doing self-development investments, scientific publications, and innovative works. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan pengembangan profesionalitas berkelanjutan guru bersertifikat pendidik melalui investasi pengembangan diri, publi­kasi ilmiah, dan karya inovatif baik secara mandiri, berkelompok, atau melembaga. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif, dengan subjek penelitian guru kejuruan bersertifikat pendidik se-Malang Raya. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan angket dan pedoman wawancara. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan profesionalitas berkelanjutan guru berser­tifikat pendidik di SMK rumpun teknologi se-Malang Raya masih tergolong rendah, sebagian besar guru hanya kadang-kadang me­lakukan investasi pengembangan diri, publikasi ilmiah, dan membuat karya inovatif.

  14. Kemampuan Guru PAI dalam Merencanakan dan Melaksanakan Penilaian Autentik

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    Ulpah Sya’idah

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In conducting the assessment in accordance with the 2013 curriculum, a teacher is required to apply an authentic assessment in accordance with the Standards of Assessment. Teachers are also required to have the ability to make conformity between assessment techniques and assessment instruments which are the requirements of instruments that have been set in Permendikbud No. 66 of 2013. However, in fact teachers are difficult to make assessment instruments tailored to the form of assessment. This study aims to understand more about the ability of PAI teachers in conducting learning evaluation through non-test assessment (authentic assessment. In this study, researchers used qualitative research with case study research. The data collection techniques through interviews and documentation. The result of this research shows that PAI teacher in SMA 53 Jakarta has understood in doing authentic assessment planning through learning implementation plan (RPP. As for carrying out authentic assessment actually PAI teacher in SMA 53 Jakarta has been able, just because of lack of self motivation or work ethic in teacher to do pedagogic competence, and also professional attitude especially in doing assessment or evaluation. Keywords: Authentic Assessment, Master's Ability. Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami lebih dalam tentang kemampuan guru PAI dalam melakukan evaluasi pembelajaran melalui penilaian non tes (penilaian autentik. Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti menggunakan penelitian yang bersifat kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian studi kasus.  Adapun teknik pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian ini menujukkan bahwa guru PAI di SMA Negeri 53 Jakarta sudah paham dalam melakukan perencanaan penilaian autentik melalui rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran (RPP. Adapun dalam melaksanakan penilaian autentik sebenarnya guru PAI di SMA Negeri 53 Jakarta telah mampu, hanya karena kurangnya motivasi diri atau etos kerja dalam diri

  15. PENGEMBANGAN KINERJA GURU MELALUI PENELITIAN TINDAKAN KELAS PADA SMA NEGERI DI KOTA PALOPO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilal Muhammad

    2015-12-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengungkap: (1 pelaksanaan pengembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo; dan (2 hambatan da-lam pelaksanaan pengembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian lapangan yang kajiannya bersifat kualitatif-verifikatif. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan fenomeno-logi. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan dua hal. Pertama, pengembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo belum berjalan optimal dan baru sebatas memenuhi kebutuhan persyarat-an kenaikan pangkat. Potensi guru belum dimanfaatkan melalui pemberdayaan, khususnya penelitian tindakan kelas. Kedua, hambatan dalam pelaksanaan pe-ngembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo adalah keterbatasan waktu, dana, sumber referensi kurang, lingkungan tidak kondusif, dan motivasi kurang. Selain itu, sebagian guru juga masih mengalami kesulitan dalam melakukan dan menyusun laporan hasil PTK.

  16. Reply [to: Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reale, Oreste; Lau, William K.

    2010-01-01

    This article is a Reply to a Comment by Scott Braun on a previously published article by O. Reale, K.-M. Lau, and E. Brin: "Atlantic tropical cyclogenetic processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 global data assimilation and forecast system", by Reale, Lau and Brin, hereafter referred to as RA09. RA09 investigated the role of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) in tropical cyclogenetic processes associated with a non-developing easterly wave observed during the Special Observation Period (SOP-3) phase of the 2006 NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (MAMMA). The wave was chosen because both interact heavily with Saharan air. Results showed: a) very steep moisture gradients are associated with the SAL in forecasts and analyses even at great distance from the Sahara; b) a thermal dipole (warm above, cool below) in the non-developing case. RA09A suggested that radiative effect of dust may play some role in producing a thermal structure less favorable to cyclogenesis, and also indicated that only global horizontal resolutions on the order of 20-30 kilometers can capture the large-scale transport and the fine thermal structure of the SAL Braun (2010) questions those results attributing the wave dissipation to midlatitude air. The core discussion is on a dry filament preceding the wave, on the presence of dust, and on the origin of the air contained in this dry filament. In the 'Reply', higher resolution analyses than the ones used by Braun, taken at almost coincident times with Aqua and Terra passes, are shown, to emphasize how the channel of dry air associated with W1 is indeed rich in dust. Backtrajectories on a higher resolution grid are also performed, leading to results drastically different from Braun (2010), and in particularly showing that there is a clear contribution of Saharan air. Finally, the 'Reply' presents evidence on that analyses at a horizontal resolution of one degree are inadequate to investigate such feature.

  17. GAYA KOMUNIKASI GURU MATEMATIKA DITINJAU DARI TEORI KOMUNIKASI LOGIKA DESAIN PESAN

    OpenAIRE

    Muhamad Yasin

    2013-01-01

    Komunikasi antara guru dan siswa merupakan faktor penting dalam proses belajar mengajar sehingga materi yang disampaikan terserap oleh siswa dengan baik. Penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana gaya komunikasi guru dalam mengajar matematika di MTs N Mranggen ditinjau dari teori komunikasi logika desain pesan. Secara umum tujuan penelitian ini adalah didiskripsikannya gaya komunikasi guru matematika di MTs N Mranggen ditinjau dari teori komunikasi logika desain pesan. Penelitian ini m...

  18. IDENTIFIKASI TAHAP BERPIKIR GEOMETRI CALON GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DITINJAU DARI TAHAP BERPIKIR VAN HIELE

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    Isna Rafianti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh masalah dalam penguasaan konsep geometri yang membutuhkan pola berpikir dalam menerapkan konsep dan keterampilan dalam memecahkan masalah tersebut. Tetapi dalam kenyataannya siswa-siswa masih mengalami kesulitan dalam mempelajari dan memecahkan soal-soal geometri. Mahasiswa S1 Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa merupakan mahasiswa yang dipersiapkan untuk menjadi guru sekolah dasar yang profesional. Bukan hanya penguasaan konsep yang harus dimiliki seorang guru, tetapi kesiapan dalam hal mengajar juga harus diperhatikan, terutama pada materi geometri. Guru sebaiknya mengetahui tahapan atau level berpikir geometri siswanya berada pada tahap apa, agar proses pembelajaran dapat dipahami oleh siswa. Sebelum guru mengetahui tahapan berpikir siswanya, sebaiknya guru juga mengetahui tahap berpikir geometri yang dimilikinya, agar guru dapat mengevaluasi diri ketika nanti akan mengajar. Tahap berpikir yang menjadi acuan adalah tahap berpikir geometri dari Van Hiele. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi tahap berpikir geometri calon guru Sekolah Dasar ditinjau dari tahap  berpikir Van Hiele. Metode yang digunakan adalah menggunakan penelitian deskriptif. Adapun instrumen yang digunakan yaitu angket berupa tes tertulis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tahap berpikir geometri calon guru Sekolah Dasar ditinjau dari tahap  berpikir Van Hiele sebagian besar (50% hanya mencapai tahap 1 atau tahap pengenalan. Kata Kunci: Geometri, Tahap Berpikir

  19. Kompetensi Pengelolaan Pembelajaran, Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Komitmen, dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru SMK

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    Rita Fahdila Sumantri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Learning-management Competence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Commitment, and  Job Satisfaction of Vocational High School Teachers. This survey is intended to describe how learning-management competence, interpersonal intelligence, and commitment influence the job satisfaction of vocational high school teachers. Eighty teachers were selected from the teacher population of 350 using proportional random sampling technique and were assigned to respond to a questionnaire. The results of path analyses reveal that learning-management competence has direct effects on commitment, interpersonal intelligence on commitment, learning-management competence on job satisfaction, interpersonal intelligence on job satisfaction, and commitment on job satisfaction. In other words, teachers' job satisfaction can be facilitated through improving learning-management competence, developing interpersonal intelligence, and strengthening teacher commitment. Abstrak: Kompetensi Pengelolaan Pembelajaran, Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Komitmen, dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru SMK. Tujuan penelitian survei ini adalah mendeskripsikan pengaruh kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran, kecerdasan interpersonal, dan komitmen terhadap kepuasan kerja guru SMK. Populasi berjumlah 350 guru dengan sampel sebanyak 80 guru yang dipilih secara rambang. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan angket, dan dianalisis dengan analisis jalur (path analysis. Hasil penelitian menun­jukkan bahwa kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran berpengaruh langsung terhadap komitmen; kecer­dasan interpersonal berpengaruh langsung terhadap komitmen; kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru; kecerdasan interpersonal berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru; dan komitmen berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru. Kepuasan kerja guru dapat ditingkatkan melalui pengembangan kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran, peningkatan kecerdasan interpersonal dan penguatan

  20. PELATIHAN BETTER TEACHER AND LEARNING BAGI GURU IPS SMP DAN MTS SWASTA DI KECAMATAN GENUK KOTA SEMARANG

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    Eko Handoyo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan kegiatan ini adalah a meningkatkan keterampilan guru dalam memetakan kurikulum, b meningkatkan keterampilan guru dalam menyusun lembar kerja, c meningkatkan keterampilan guru dalam memanfaatkan media pembelajaran, d meningkatkan keterampilan guru dalam menyusun rubrik penilaian, dan e meningkatkan keterampilan guru dalam menyusun jurnal refleksi. Pelatihan Better Teacher and Learning Bagi Guru Mata Pelajaran IPS SMP dan MTs Swasta di Kecamatan Genuk Kota Semarang mempunyai manfaat bagi guru dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran yang berkualitas. Melalui kegiatan tersebut, guru dapat memdapatkan manfaat berupa peningkatan keterampilan dalam memetakan kurikulum, peningkatan keterampilan dalam menyusun lembar kerja, peningkatan keterampilan dalam memanfaatkan media pembelajaran, peningkatan keterampilan dalam menyusun rubrik penilaian, dan peningkatan keterampilan dalam menyusun jurnal refleksi. Kata Kunci: Pengajaran Profesional, Pembelajaran Bermakna, Better Teacher and Learning

  1. Hubungan antara Hasil Penilaian Kinerja Guru dengan Kompetensi Guru PAI Tingkat SLTP/MTs di Pondok Pesantren Darul Ulum Jombang

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    Moh. Yahya Ashari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan tentang hubungan antara hasil penilaian kinerja guru dengan kompetensi guru PAI tingkat SLTP/MTs di Pondok Pesantren Darul Ulum Jombang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat hubungan atau tidak antara kedua variabel tersebut. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan uji analisis statistik korelasi product moment. Dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari dua variabel, yaitu hasil penilaian kinerja guru (variabel X dan kompetensi guru PAI (variabel Y. Adapun data penelitian diperoleh dari dokumentasi data , interview dan penyebaran angket dengan bentuk tertutup. Dari hasil penelitian dapat diketahui bahwa variabel X tergolong baik, dengan hasil perhitungan sebesar 79 %. Sedangkan untuk variabel Y juga tergolong baik, dengan perolehan prosentase sebesar 85%. Dari hasil analisis statistik korelasi product moment didapatkan hasil rxy=0,98 untuk taraf kesalahan ditetapkan 5% dan N=24, maka r tabel=0,40. Dari hasil tersebut didapatkan data bahwa r hitung lebih besar dari r tabel, maka Ho ditolak dan Ha diterima. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan yang signifikan antara hasil penilaian kinerja guru dengan kompetensi guru PAI tingkat SLTP/MTs di pondok Pesantren Darul Ulum Jombang. || It’s field research that discusses the connection between teacher performance appraisal results and the competence of PAI (Islamic lessons teachers in MTs (junior high school located in Pondok Pesantren Darul Ulum Jombang. The purpose of this study was to determine the existence of a connection between two variables. This quantitative research uses statistical analysis on product moment correlation test. This research consisted of two variables, namely the assessment of teacher performance (variable X and the competence of PAI teachers (variable Y. The data obtained from documentation, interviews and questionnaires with a closed form. The results of this research is

  2. PENGARUH MOTIVASI BELAJAR, PERSEPSI SISWA TENTANG KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGI GURU DAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI

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    Nurul Fitriani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis ada tidaknya pengaruh persepsi siswa tentang kompetensi pedagogi guru, persepsi siswa tentang kompetensi profesional guru, dan motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran ekonomi kelas X IIS SMAN 3 Slawi. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas X IIS SMAN 3 Slawi tahun ajaran 2014/2015, dengan sampel penelitian sebanyak 92 siswa yang diambil menggunakan proportionate random sampling. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda menggunakan SPSS 16. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada pengaruh pengaruh secara simultan maupun parsial persepsi siswa tentang pedagogi guru, persepsi siswa tentang kompetensi profesional guru, dan motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran ekonomi siswa kelas X IIS SMAN 3 Slawi sebesar 67,2%. Saran yang diberikan hendaknya untuk penelitian selanjutnya agar mengambil sampel lebih dari satu wilayah. Bagi siswa diharapkan dapat lebih memperhatikan hasil penilaian serta evaluasi dari guru, karena dari penilaian guru siswa dapat mengetahui kemudian memperbaiki kekurangannya ataumateri mana saja yang perlu dipelajari lagi. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of student’s perceptions about teacher pedagogy competence, student’s perceptions about teacher profesional competence and learning motivation that simultant and partial against students learning achievement Economy Classes X IIS SMAN 3 Slawi. The population in this study was all students of X IIS classes SMAN 3 Slawi at 2014/2015 year, they are 119 students, it taken samples by proportionate random sampling as much as 92 students. Method of data collection was using questionnare. The analysing data used descriptive analysis and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 16. The results of the study, indicate that there was effect in simultant of student

  3. Seren Taun Guru Bumi Harmony of Islam and Pasundan Culture

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    Abdurrahman Misno BP

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The advent of Islam in Tatar Sunda (West Java lent a new color to the culture that had previously existed there. The nature of Islam which was friendly to the local culture, made it easy to be accepted by the Sundanese people without bloodshed. The results are a variety of cultural rituals rooted in Sundanese culture yet rich with Islamic culture. Seren Taun Guru Bumi is one of the rituals of the Sundanese people deeply-rooted in the belief of Nyi Pohaci (Dewi Sri as the goddess of fertility. The involvement of the researcher in this ritual made the data a primary source which is the implementation of Seren Taun Guru Bumi in Sindang Barang Cultural Village, Bogor, West Java. This research shows that the ritual of Seren Taun Guru Bumi is a form of Islamic harmony with the Sundanese culture. Islamic culture assimilates in the frame of Sundanese traditions in Tatar Sunda, in which both are brought together in the ritual as a form of gratitude to God Almighty.

  4. Pemahaman Guru BK Tentang Pelaksanaan Layanan Peminatan pada Kurikulum 2013

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    Finda Marsetyana

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan berdasar fenomena yaitu belum adanya kesiapan tentang program peminatan di SMK Negeri se-Kota Semarang. Tujuan penelitian secara umum untuk mengetahui pemahaman guru BK tentang pelaksanaan layanan peminatan pada kurikulum 2013 di SMK Negeri se-Kota Semarang. Medote pengumpulan data yaitu angket tertutup yang diberikan kepada 44 orang guru BK SMK Negeri se Kota Semarang. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian dari Pemahaman Guru BK Tentang Pelaksanaan Layanan Peminatan Pada Kurikulum 2013 Di SMK Negeri Se-Kota Semarang termasuk dalam kategori tinggi (71.59% dengan perincian indikator variabel yaitu pemahaman guru BK tentang kurikulum 2013 persentase sebesar 75.04% (tinggi, konsep dan strategi pelayanan bimbingan dan konseling pada kurikulum 2013 sebesar 69.31% (sedang, lingkup layanan peminatan sebesar 70.57% (tinggi, dan pelaksanaan layanan peminatan 72.22% (tinggi. Simpulan penelitian ini yakni guru BK SMK Negeri se-Kota Semarang telah mempunyai pemahaman tentang pelaksanaan layanan peminatan pada kurikulum 2013 dengan kriteria tinggi. This research was conducted based on the phenomenon that is there was no readiness about the students’ interest program vocational high schools in around Semarang.The general objective of this research was to know the counseling’s teachers deals with the implementation of students’ interest service towards the 2013 curriculum vocational high schools in around Semarang. Method of data collection is used closed questionnaire and it was given to 44 students vocational high schools in around Semarang in which the data obtained was analysed trough descriptive percentages. The research finding from counseling’s teachers about the implementation of students’ interest in the 2013 curriculum vocational high schools in around Semarang are in a high category (71.59%, with the details of the indicator variable are as follows; the understanding of

  5. PENGARUH GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN, TINGKAT HIERARKI MORAL, DAN MOTIVASI TERHADAP KOMITMEN GURU

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    Pramudjono Pramudjono

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan antara gaya kepemimpinan, tingkat hierarki moral, dan motivasi terhadap komitmen guru. Sampel diambil dengan teknik proportional sampling dengan jumlah sebesar 450 orang guru dari populasi 796 guru SMA PNS di Samarinda. Data dikumpulkan dengan pemberian angket dan analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis jalur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1 gaya kepemimpinan berpengaruh terhadap komitmen guru yang berarti peningkatan gaya kepemimpinan akan meningkatkan komitmen guru; (2 tingkat hierarki moral memiliki pengaruh pada komitmen guru yang berarti meningkatnya tingkat hierarki moral akan mengakibatkan peningkatan komitmen guru; (3 motivasi kerja guru memengaruhi komitmen guru yang berarti tingginya motivasi kerja akan menyebabkan tingginya komitmen; (4 gaya kepemimpinan berpengaruh terhadap motivasi kerja guru yang berarti peningkatan gaya kepemimpinan akan meningkatkan motivasi kerja guru; dan (5 tingkat hierarki moral memengaruhi motivasi kerja guru yang berarti meningkatnya tingkat hierarki moral akan meningkatkan motivasi kerja guru. Peningkatan aspek-aspek tersebut akan memperkuat komitmen para guru terhadap sekolah. Kata Kunci: komitmen, gaya kepemimpinan, tingkat hierarki moral, motivasi THE INFLUENCE OF THE LEADERSHIP STYLES, MORAL HIERARCHY LEVELS, AND MOTIVATION TOWARDS TEACHER’S COMMITMENT Abstract: This study was aimed to find out the influence of the leadership styles, moral hierarchy levels, and motivation towards teachers’ commitment. The sample taken using the proportional sampling technique consisting of 450 teachers out of 796 senior high school teachers in Samarinda. The data were collected using questionnaires and analyzed using the path analysis. The findings showed that (1 the leadership styles influence the teachers’ commitment, meaning that an improvement in the leadership styles would improve the teachers’ commitment; (2 the moral hierarchy levels

  6. PERANGKAT PENGEMBANGAN DIRI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI GURU DAN PENGEMBANGAN KEPRIBADIAN SISWA SMA

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    Wenny Hulukati

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak: Perangkat Pengembangan Diri untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Guru dan Pengembangan Kepribadian Siswa SMA. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan perangkat pengembangan diri untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru dan pengembangan kepribadian siswa SMA. Kegiatan penelitian ini diawali dengan studi pendahuluan yang berkaitan dengan kompentensi guru pembimbing dalam melaksanakan pelayanan bimbingan dan konseling dan kecenderungan kepribadian siswa SMA. Langkah berikutnya adalah mendesain dan mengembangkan draf, dan diakhiri dengan kegiatan uji keefektifan produk. Dari kegiatan penelitian pengembangan ini telah dihasilkan produk pengembangan yang valid dan handal yang meliputi panduan guru, panduan siswa, dan panduan penilaian. Berdasarkan hasil uji keefektifan terhadap produk pengembangan diperoleh informasi bahwa perangkat panduan pengembangan diri efektif diguna­kan untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru pembimbing dalam melaksanakan pelayanan bimbingan dan konseling dan pengembangan kepribadian siswa SMA.

  7. SCIENCE TEACHERS’ UNDERSTANDING OF MIND MAP LEARNING STRATEGY (PEMAHAMAN GURU IPA DALAM STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN PETA PIKIRAN (MIND MAP

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    Natalia Rosa Keliat

    2017-02-01

    center. Abstrak. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SMP Salatiga, Jawa Tengah dengan subjek penelitan adalah guru bidang studi IPA yang berjumlah 23 orang dengan menggunakan teknik wawancara dan observasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendata strategi pembelajaran IPA yang dilakukan guru SMP Kota Salatiga, kendala yang dihadapi guru dalam melaksanakan strategi pembelajaran di kelas, persentase pemahaman dan penerapan mind map oleh guru IPA SMP Kota Salatiga, serta kendala dalam melaksanakan strategi mind map di kelas. Analisis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil menunjukkan persentase guru IPA yang menggunakan strategi diskusi mencapai 78.26%, peta konsep 21,74%, demonstrasi 30,43%, ce-ramah 39,13%, mind map 34,78% dan strategi-strategi lain seperti permainan kartu, cerdas cer-mat, project based learning, discovery, problem based learning, CTL, inquiry mencapai 43,8%. Dalam menerapkan strategi yang bervariasi guru mengalami kesulitan dalam mengatur alokasi waktu pembelajaran di kelas dikarenakan peserta didik yang memiliki tingkat kemampuan kogni-tif rendah membutuhkan waktu yang lebih lama untuk memahami strategi pembelajaran yang dipakai di kelas. Dalam penerapan mind map, menunjukkan persentase jumlah guru yang menggunakan mind map dalam pembelajaran di SMP Kota Salatiga hanya mencapai 34,78% dan yang masih belum menerapkan pembelajaran model mind map mencapai 65,22%. Berdasarkan hasil wawancara diketahui bahwa sekitar 47,83% guru tersebut memahami prosedur pembelajaranmodel mind map, selebihnya sebesar 52,17% mengatakan belum memahami prinsip pembelajaran menggunakan mind map. Guru menjelaskan bahwa mind map sangat potensial digunakan se-bagai suatu teknik untuk meningkatkan pembelajaran peserta didik. Meskipun demikian, dalam penerapannya di kelas guru mengalami kendala dalam pengaplikasian mind map, misalnya dibu-tuhkan waktu yang cukup lama untuk menerapkan mind map sehingga materi lainnya tidak dapat diselesaikan tepat waktu. Selain itu

  8. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR BERBASIS LITERASI PADA MATERI BILANGAN BAGI MAHASISWA CALON GURU SD

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    Aan Subhan Pamungkas

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Literasi merupakan kemampuan yang perlu dikembangkan agar individu manpu memahami berbagai macam permasalahan sesuai dengan konteks yang terjadi. Ketersediaan bahan ajar yang mengacu pada kemampuan literasi masih sangat jarang dikembangkan, terutama di Jurusan Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar FKIP Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa. Dari masalah tersebut maka tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan suatu bahan ajar matematika berbasis literasi bagi mahasiswa calon guru sekolah dasar. Materi dalam bahan ajar ini adalah bilangan pada mata kuliah konsep dasar matematika. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian dan pengembangan dengan model pengembangan meliputi Concept, Design, Collecting Materials, Assembly dan Test Drive and Distribution. Untuk menguji kualitas bahan ajar maka dilakukan uji kevalidan dan kepraktisan yang dinilai oleh ahli (ahli materi dan ahli pendidikan serta dosen dan mahasiswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  produk hasil pengembangan termasuk kedalam kategori sangat valid menurut para ahli, praktis menurut penilaian dosen dan mahasiswa.  Kata Kunci: Bahan Ajar, Literasi, Bilangan  Abstract. Literacy is an ability that needs to be developed so that individuals are able to understand various problems in accordance with the context that occurs. The availability of teaching materials that refer to the literacy capability is still very rarely developed, especially in the Primary Teacher Education of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University. From the problem, the purpose of this research is to produce a literacy-based mathematics teaching material for students. The content in this teaching material is the numbers of the Konsep Dasar Matematika. This research is a research and development with development model consist of Concept, Design, Collecting Materials, Assembly and Test Drive and Distribution. To test the quality of instructional materials then tested the validity and practicality assessed by experts (material

  9. PENGARUH PEMAHAMAN KURIKULUM, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU SMK

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    Laeli Mafudah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi awal tentang kinerja guru di Kabupaten Semarang menunjukkan bahwa masih terdapat kendala dalam pencapaian kinerja guru yang maksimal khususnya guru mata pelajaran produktif di SMK Bisnis dan Manajemen. Populasi penelitian ini adalah guru mata pelajaran produktif Akuntansi, Administrasi Perkantoran dan Manajemen SMK di Kabupaten Semarang yang berjumlah 30 guru. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman kurikulum, motivasi kerja dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah secara simultan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 82,7%. Pengaruh secara parsial juga didapatkan pada variabel independen terhadap variabel dependen. Pemahaman kurikulum berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 18,84%. Motivasi kerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 20,43%, serta kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 21,62%. Based on beginning observation abaout teacher performance in Semarang Regency it is known that there are obstacles in achieving maximum performance of teachers especially productive subject teachers in Business and Management vocational high school. The population of this research was productive teachers of Accounting, Office Administration and Management in Semarang Regency consisted 30 teachers. Method used in collecting data was questionnaire. Variable data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that curriculumunderstanding, work motivation and principalsleadership simultaneously positive and significant influence on the performance of vocational teachers to 82.7%. Partial effect was also obtained on the independent variable on the dependent variable. Curriculumunderstandinghas positive and significant

  10. HUBUNGAN PENGEMBANGAN KARIR, KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL, DAN MOTIVASI KERJA DENGAN KINERJA GURU PAUD DI KECAMATAN DRIYOREJO KABUPATEN GRESIK

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    Rachman Halim Yustiyawan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to find relationship between career development, competence professional, motivation, with the performance teachers. This research using method quantitative approach with analysis statistic descriptif and path analysis. Research results indicate (1 there is a direct relationship between career development with the performance teachers; between career development with the motivation teachers; between competence professional with the performance teachers; between competence professional with the motivation teachers; and between motivation with the performance teachers; (2 there is a indirect relationship between career development with teacher performance through motivation teachers; between competence professional with teacher performance through motivation teachers. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari hubungan antara pengembangan karir, kompetensi profesional, motivasi, dengan kinerja guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pendekatan kuantitatif dengan menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan analisis jalur atau (path analysis. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan (1 terdapat hubungan langsung antara pengembangan karir dengan kinerja guru; antara pengembangan karir dengan motivasi kerja guru; antara kompetensi profesional dengan kinerja guru; antara kompetensi profesional dengan motivasi guru; dan antara motivasi dengan kinerja guru; (2 terdapat hubungan tidak langsung antara pengembangan karir dengan kinerja guru melalui motivasi guru; antara kompetensi profesional dengan kinerja guru melalui motivasi guru

  11. Tantangan Guru Sejarah: Pesan Sejarah sebagai Konsep Pendidikan Nilai

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    Anwar Senen

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Keberhasilan guru sejarah menyampaikan pesan sejarah sebagai suatu nilai moral yang perlu difahami siswa, terletak pada bagaimana cara guru mengembangkan materi pelajaran di depan kelas. Penggunaan metode pengajaran secara tepat yang dikemas secara kreatif akan memungkinkan pesan sejarah dapat disampaikan kepada siswa. Penekanan pada pesan sejarah ini penting, karena selama ini masih terkesan bahwa mata pelajaran sejarah hanya dianggap sebagai pengetahuan hafalan sejumlah peristiwa masa lalu. Hal demikian menyebabkan pemahaman siswa terhadap pelajaran sejarah sebatas pada pengetahuan deskriptif konsep apa, di mana, kapan dan mengapa suatu peristiwa sejarah terjadi, menjadi dasar mempelajari sejarah. Dalam kerangka memori tidaklah keliru. Tetapi sejarah sebagai mata pelajaran di sekolah dalam konsep pendidikan masih jauh dari harapan. Sebagai konsep pendidikan, pelajaran sejarah dapat bercerita kepada siswa. Oleh sebab itu, metode pengajaran sejarah oleh gum dengan pendekatan moral akan lebih tepat digunakan. Pendekatan moral sebagai konsep belajar mengajar lebih memungkinkan menjadikan pelajaran sejarah dinamis dalam menyikapi situasi yang berkembang dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Dengan demikian bahwa belajar sejarah memiliki dimensi masa lalu, kini dan akan datang akan terjawab melalui pendekatan moral dalam konsep pembelajarannya.

  12. STUDI KASUS PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN SAINTIFIK PADA GURU-GURU DI SMA N 1 BAWANG (STUDI PADA TAHUN AJARAN 2013/2014

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    Mei Fita Aryani

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Pendekatan saintifik adalah pendekatan yang digunakan dalam kurikulum 2013. Sebagian besar guru di SMA N 1 Bawang belum menerapkan pendekatan saintifik. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMA N 1 Bawang Kabupaten Batang dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif studi kasus. Sumber data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu sumber data manusia dan benda. Teknik pengumpulan data observasi, wawancara semiterstruktur dan dokumentasi. Keabsahan data diuji melalui triangulasi sumber. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa sebagian guru belum menerapkan pendekatan saintifik dalam pembelajaran. Beberapa guru yang mengajar masih mengalami hambatan dalam penerapan pendekatan saintifik. Dalam perencanaan hambatan yang dialami guru yaitu: (1 hambatan dalam penyusunan RPP 2013, (2 pengembangan RPP, (3 kesulitan dalam menyiapkan media pembelajaran. Dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran, hambatan yang dialami guru yaitu: (1 sulitnya menarik minat siswa untuk bertanya, (2 kurangnya waktu, (3 rumitnya persiapan, (4 guru kurang mampu mengelola kelas, (5 siswa banyak yang terlambat mengumpulkan tugas. Dalam kegiatan penilaian hambatannya yaitu (1 guru masih kesulitan dalam melakukan penilaian kepada siswa secara bersamaan, (2 guru masih bingung membuat instrument penilaian. Faktor pendukung penerapan pendekatan saintifik di SMA N 1 Bawang sangat di dukung oleh kemampuan guru dan sarana prasarana yang sudah cukup lengkap. Scientific approach is the approach used in the curriculum 2013. Most of the teachers SMA N 1 Bawang not apply scientific approach. This research was conducted in SMA N 1 Bawang in the Batang Regency using a qualitative case study approach. Sources of data used in this research that the human data sources and object. Data collection techniques of observation, semistructured interviews and documentation. The validity is tested through triangulation of data sources. The results showed that the majority of teachers have not applied a scientific approach to learning

  13. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU MELALUI WORKSHOP PENYUSUNAN SOAL DIGITAL BAHASA JAWA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN PROGRAM ADOBE CAPTIVATE

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    Joko Sukoyo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Kegiatan workshop ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan guru sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Semarang Utara dalam hal penyusunan soal digital bahasa Jawa dengan menggunakan program adobe captivate. Metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan ini adalah: ceramah, demonstrasi, praktik langsung, tanya jawab, dan penugasan. Peserta yang mengikuti workshop sebanyak 47 guru SD di Kecamatan Semarang Utara. Materi yang diberikan kepada peserta meliputi pengenalan program adobe captivate, penginstalan program adobe captivate, dan penulisan soal digital bahasa Jawa dengan menggunakan program adobe captivate. Kegiatan workshop ini berdampak positif kepada guru-guru SD di Kecamatan Semarang Utara. Sebelum diadakan kegiatan workshop, mereka sama sekali tidak dapat membuat soal digital dengan program adobe captivate. Setelah diadakan kegiatan worshop dan diadakan evaluasi terjadi peningkatan yang sangat signifikan, lebih dari 75% dapat membuat soal digital.

  14. Suplemen Panduan Guru dalam Pengembangan Pembelajaran Tematik Kompetensi Dasar Matematika Kelas IV

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    Isti Hidayah; Sugiarto Sugiarto; Heri Sutarto

    2013-01-01

    AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah Dasar (SD) dengan penguatan tahapan enaktif-ikonik-simbolik berbantuan serang-kaian pertanyaan produktif. Perangkat pembelajaran berupa Panduan Guru sebagai suple-men dalam mengembangkan rancangan pembelajaran tematik kompetensi dasar (KD) Ma-tematika kelas IV semester gasal. Penelitian ini telah menghasilkan Panduan Guru dengan perangkatnya, yaitu alat peraga sebagai representasi enaktif; media ...

  15. SUPERVISI DALAM PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU MELALUI GUGUS SEKOLAH

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    Enis Purnawanti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan: (1 teknik yang digunakan, (2 faktor pendukung dan pendayagunaan, (3 kendala dan cara mengatasi nya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi situs di gugus sekolah I dan gugus Sekolah II Unit Dinas Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Kecamatan Munjungan melalui teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data melalui dua tahap: (1 analisis data tiap gugus, (2 analisis lintas gugus. Hasil penelitian: Teknik yang digunakan adalah teknik kelompok. Faktor pendukung dan pendayagunaan, yaitu (1 kesetiakawanan antar guru dan lembaga cukup tinggi pendayagunaan nya dengan menjalin komunikasi yang efektif antar personil dan antar lembaga; (2 Adanya dana sertifikasi dengan mewajibkan guru mengikuti kegiatan KKG dengan biaya swadaya; (3 wilayah gugus yang tidak luas pendayagunaan dengan melaksanakan koordinasi antar sekolah dan antar personil secara intens. Kendala dan cara mengatasinya yaitu: (1 tidak ada aturan yang resmi dari pemerintah tentang pelaksanaan KKG dan pengelolaan gugus solusinya dengan melaksanakan kegiatan berdasarkan RKAG; (2 komitmen guru masih rendah cara mengatasinya dengan melibatkan semua unsur yang ada di gugus dalam perencanaan, pengawasan dan evaluasi kegiatan; (3 minimnya sarana prasarana penunjang kegiatan, adapun solusinya dengan memanfaatkan fasilitas dari sekolah inti dan lembaga lain. This study aims to describe: (1 the techniques used, (2 supporting factors and utilization, (3 problems and how to resolve it. This study used a qualitative approach with a multi-site study design in school cluster I and group II Unit School Department of Education and Culture District of Munjungan through observation, interviews, and documentation. Analysis of the data in two steps: (1 analysis of the data of each group, (2 analysis across the group. RESULTS: The technique used is the technique of the group. Factors supporting and utilization, namely: (1

  16. KREATIVITAS GURU BIOLOGI DALAM MEMETAKAN KOMODITAS HAYATI UNGGULAN LOKAL KE DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI SMA

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    Asep Agus Sulaeman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kreativitas guru Biologi SMA dalam memetakan topik-topik dari berbagai aspek komoditas hayati unggulan lokal melalui penggunaan metode mind map dan mengetahui kemampuan guru dalam memetakan topik-topik komoditas hayati unggulan lokal ke dalam pembelajaran Biologi di SMA. Analisis data kreativitas guru Biologi SMA dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantitatif terhadap mind map dengan menggunakan kriteria sesuai instrumen yang dikembangkan. Adapun analisis data tentang jumlah topik-topik Biologi dan jenis kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis komoditas hayati unggulan lokal dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantatif dan kualitatif. Hasil kajian ini menunjukkan nilai aspek-aspek kreativitas guru Biologi yang tinggi, yaitu kemampuan berpikir asli (91,67, peka terhadap masalah (91,67, kemampuan berpikir lancar (90, kemampuan berpikir luwes (88,33, dan kemampuan berpikir terperinci (86,67. Berdasarkan hasil pemetaan yang dilakukan guru, dapat diidentifikasi 15 topik Biologi SMA yang berkaitan dengan komoditas hayati unggulan lokal di Kabupaten Majalengka. Adapun kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis komoditas hayati unggulan yang diusulkan oleh guru tersebar di masing-masing tingkatan kelas dan semesternya dengan jumlah yang berbeda-beda.

  17. KINERJA GURU BERSERTIFIKASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN MANAJEMEN MUTU PENDIDIKAN DI MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH MUHAMMADIYAH SUDUNG KEDUNGTUBAN BLORA TAHUN 2015

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    Sudarno Shobron

    2016-06-01

    pendidikan terakhir; 3 Kurangnya sarana prasarana misalnya ruangan UKS, dan laboratorium, sehingga masih kesulitan saat praktek pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: kinerja guru; sertifikasi; manajemen mutu; pendidikan.

  18. Pengaruh pelatihan pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi pada guru sekolah dasar sistem full day terhadap perubahan status kebersihan mulut siswa

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    Anne Agustina Suwargiani

    2017-10-01

    counselling materials; teacher’s feeling of knowledge limitations; and forgetfulness of the usage of the dental model replica. There was a signicant effect of the action towards the oral hygiene status of the students, but there was no signicant inuence of knowledge and attitude towards the oral hygiene status of the students. Conclusions: Dental care training on full-day primary school teachers did not signicantly change their knowledge and attitude of toothbrushing, but continuous and proper practice after training, however, gave signicant effect on student’s oral hygiene status. Inhibiting factors of alteration were coming from internal environment of both teachers and students, and also due to lack of facilities.   ABSTRAK Usia Sekolah Dasar merupakan usia yang tepat untuk mengajarkan teknik menyikat gigi  yang  baik  dan  benar, karena pada usia ini anak sedang dalam memasuki periode gigi campuran  dan sudah harus mampu menyikat  gigi baik dan benar. Penerapan penyikatan gigi di Sekolah Dasar dengan sistem full day sangat diperlukan, mengingat waktu anak di sekolah lebih lama dan melewati waktu makan siang sehingga anak harus mampu menjaga kesehatan giginya sendiri. Penerapan tersebut sangat membutuhkan peran guru. Tujuan penelitian yaitu menganalisis pengaruh pelatihan penyikatan gigi pada guru terhadap status kebersihan mulut siswa. Mixed methode terdiri dari tahap penelitian kuantitatif dengan pemberian kuisioner pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan guru setelah pelatihan penyikatan gigi dan keterampilan menyikat gigi siswa diukur melalui status kebersihan mulut (OHIS green Vermillion dan tahap penelitian kualitatif dengan melakukan observasi menggunakan cek list observasi untuk mengetahui faktor penghambat transfer hasil pelatihan pada siswa. Metode penelitian deskriptif analitik. Sampel penelitian diambil dari seluruh populasi, dimana semua guru diambil sebagai sampel penelitian. Hasil penelitian melalui uji korelasi linier menunjukkan hubungan

  19. Kompetisi Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam pada Madrasah Tsanawiyah di Kota Mataram

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    Yustiani S

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aims to measure the difference in competence between certified teachers  and non certified teachers in Mataram. Teachers examined in this study are teachers of religion in MTs. This articleis a quantitative research using causal comperative method. The research design use factoral design 2x2. The technical of analysis data in this research include descriptive analysis, requirements test analysis, and inferential analysis. The study shows that here are differences in Islamic Education Teachers’ competence in MTs in Mataram. Further test shows that the results of certified teachers competency arebetter than the teachers who have not been certified. There is no difference in Islamic Education Teachers’ competence based on the teacher’s tenure. There is no interaction between teacher’s status and teacher’s tenure. This means that the status and tenure arethe two factors which are mutually independent. There were no differences between the student learning result who is taught by certified teachers and uncertified teachers in Mataram. There is difference in student learning result based on the teacher’s tenure.There is no interaction between student learning result based on the status and the tenure of teachers in Mataram. It is concluded that certified teachers in Mataram has a good profile.Keywords: Competence, Islamic Education Teachers, Certification. AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur perbedaan kompetensi guru PAI MTs antara yang telah tersertifikasi maupun yang belum tersertifikasi di Kota Mataram. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan metode perbandingan kausal (causal comparative desain faktoral 2x2. Teknis analisis data dalam penelitian ini meliputi analisis deskripstif, uji persyaratan, dan analisis inferensial. Hasil penelitian ini diperoleh 7 temuan sebagai berikut. (1 Terdapat perbedaan kompetensi guru PAI MTs di kota Mataram. Hasil uji

  20. Perbedaan Pemahaman Guru BK Tentang Konseling Kelompok antara Alumni Unnes dan Non-Unnes

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    Desta Rizky Budiarti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran pemahaman guru BK alumni Unnes dan guru BK alumni non-Unnes tentang konseling kelompok, dan perbedaan pemahaman diantara keduanya. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian survey komparatif. Populasi penelitian ini yaitu guru BK di SMP Negeri se-Kota Semarang. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah Cluster Proportional Random Sampling. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan tes tentang pemahaman konseling kelompok. Analisis datanya menggunakan analisis kuantitatif yang mencakup deskriptif prosentase dan uji beda t-test polled varian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan, dimana pemahaman guru BK alumni Unnes tentang konseling kelompok berada pada kategori sangat tinggi dengan persentase 84,26% dibandingkan dengan guru BK alumni non-Unnes yang memiliki persentase 63,9% berada pada kategori sedang. Simpulan dari penelitian ini, pemahaman guru BK tentang konseling kelompok antara alumni Unnes lebih tinggi daripada guru BK alumni non-Unnes. The purpose of this study to describe the understanding of BK teacher Unnes graduate and BK teacher non - Unnes graduates about group counseling, and understanding the differences between them . This type of research is a comparative survey research. The population of this study are in Junior High School teacher BK as the city of Semarang. The sampling technique used is proportional cluster random sampling. Methods of data collection using test on understanding group counseling. Analysis of the data using descriptive quantitative analysis that includes the percentage and t - test different test variants polled. The results showed that there were significant differences, where the understanding of BK teacher Unnes graduate  abaout  the counseling group in the category with a very high percentage of 84.26 % compared to a BK teacher non - Unnes graduates who have a percentage only 63.9 % are in the medium category. The conclusions of this study

  1. PENGARUH SUPERVISI AKADEMIK DAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP DISIPLIN KERJA GURU

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    samsuadi PEP

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan  penelitian  adalah  (1  untuk mengetahui pengaruh supervisi akademik pengawas dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah secara bersama-sama berpengaruh terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng, (2 untuk  mengetahui  pengaruh  supervisi akademik  pengawas   terhadap   disiplin   kerja   guru   SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng,   (3  untuk   mengetahui   pengaruh   kepemimpinan   kepala   sekolah terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng. Populasi   penelitian   ini  adalah   guru   SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng yang  berjumlah 80 orang,  melalui rumus Slovin diperoleh sampel sebanyak  67 orang. Teknik penarikan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik proportionate stratified  random sampling. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah angket dengan memakai  skala Likert modifikasi Hadi. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa supervisi akademik pengawas dan  kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berada pada katregori tinggi. Sedangkan dari hasil uji prasyarat tidak ditemukan gejala multikolinieritas,  sehingga  memenuhi  syarat  untuk  melakukan  analisis  regresi ganda.  Dari  hasil  uji  hipotesis  ditemukan  bahwa supervisi akademik pengawas dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah  secara bersama-sama berpengaruh terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng. Secara parsial supervisi  akademik pengawas tidak berpengaruh terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng, sedangkan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng. 

  2. PROGRAM PPG UNTUK MEMBANGUN KOMPETENSI GURU GEOGRAFI (STUDI KASUS DI UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MALANG

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    Mega Prani Ningsih

    2016-10-01

    menjelaskan bentuk implementasi Program PPG SM3T dalam membangun kompetensi guru geografi alumni program SM3T. Bentuk implementasi Program PPG SM3T meliputi proses pengembangan kurikulum hingga penilaian kompetensi guru geografi. Kompetensi yang dimaksud adalah kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi kepribadian, kompetensi sosial, dan kompetensi profesional. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian studi kasus di Universitas Negeri Malang. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan model interaktif Miles dan Huberman. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa bentuk implementasi Program PPG meliputi beberapa tahapan, yaitu (1 tahap pengembangan silabus oleh pihak terkait sesuai kebijakan universitas; (2 tahap pra kondisi sebagai gabungan tahap pra kondisi dan pleno 1; (3 tahap sistem pembelajaran yang terdiri dari beberapa tahapan dan kegiatan pembelajaran, yaitu (a tahap workshop SSP terdiri atas tahapan kegiatan pleno 2, yaitu pendalaman materi kurikulum 2013, pre-test, diskusi kelompok yaitu diskusi materi geografi dan pedagogik yang belum dipahami, kerja kelompok mandiri yaitu menyusun perangkat pembelajaran, gabungan tahap pleno 3, revisi dan persetujuan RPP, yaitu peer teaching, tes formatif, KKL dan melakukan kegiatan insidental seperti menulis jurnal dan artikel ilmiah; (b tahap PPL terdiri dari tahapan prosesi penyerahan mahasiswa PPL ke sekolah, pelatihan KMD oleh pihak PPG, melakukan kegiatan mengajar dan non mengajar, penelitian PTK, dan uji kinerja berupa Lesson Study; dan (c tahap uji kompetensi terdiri dari, pendalaman materi subtansial geografi, Ujian Tulis Lokal, dan Ujian Tulis Nasional. Tahapan implementasi diarahkan dalam membangun kompetensi guru geografi, yaitu pedagogik, kepribadian, sosial, dan profesional.

  3. Study of the Effect of Temporal Sampling Frequency on DSCOVR Observations Using the GEOS-5 Nature Run Results. Part II; Cloud Coverage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Daniel; Yang, Yuekui

    2016-01-01

    This is the second part of a study on how temporal sampling frequency affects satellite retrievals in support of the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) mission. Continuing from Part 1, which looked at Earth's radiation budget, this paper presents the effect of sampling frequency on DSCOVR-derived cloud fraction. The output from NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) Nature Run is used as the "truth". The effect of temporal resolution on potential DSCOVR observations is assessed by subsampling the full Nature Run data. A set of metrics, including uncertainty and absolute error in the subsampled time series, correlation between the original and the subsamples, and Fourier analysis have been used for this study. Results show that, for a given sampling frequency, the uncertainties in the annual mean cloud fraction of the sunlit half of the Earth are larger over land than over ocean. Analysis of correlation coefficients between the subsamples and the original time series demonstrates that even though sampling at certain longer time intervals may not increase the uncertainty in the mean, the subsampled time series is further and further away from the "truth" as the sampling interval becomes larger and larger. Fourier analysis shows that the simulated DSCOVR cloud fraction has underlying periodical features at certain time intervals, such as 8, 12, and 24 h. If the data is subsampled at these frequencies, the uncertainties in the mean cloud fraction are higher. These results provide helpful insights for the DSCOVR temporal sampling strategy.

  4. Tera Ulang Peran Profetik Tuan Guru dalam Konteks Kebebasan Beragama di Pulau Lombok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fawaizul Umam

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Ulama (Islamic scholars play important role in culturally paternalistic societies. Their prophetic role is theologically idealized as successors of prophets’ risâlah, mission. However, historically speaking, history yet often features reality that differs from their normative role. This paper aims to reevaluate the prophetic role of ulama in Lombok, called tuan guru, in the context of religious freedom praxsis. It is found that what is held by tuan guru in the realm of socio-politico-cultural tend to differ from his own existential theological spirit as one of socio-religious institutions. In the context of the praxis of religious freedom, tuan guru in general tend to play a role as a breeder and booster of anti pluralism discourses. Considering the theological claims of Islam itself as a spreader of mercy for all as well as political-cultural claims that Lombok is religious island, the island of thousand mosques, the realm seems ironic.

  5. Persepsi Siswa Terhadap Pembelajaran Guru Pendidikan Jasmani Di SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri

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    Hendra Mashuri

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk memperoleh informasi tentang persepsi siswa terhadap pembelajaran guru pendidikan jasmani di SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri. Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana persepsi siswa terhadap pembelajaran guru pendidikan jasmani di SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri? Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian survei. Populasi yang digunakan adalah seluruh siswa SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri, sampel yang diambil berjumlah 60 siswa yang terdiri dari 20 siswa dari masing-masing kelas. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah angket dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persepsi siswa terhadap proses pembelajaran SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri mendapatkan skor 3115 atau rata-rata jawaban siswa 51,917 dengan persentase sebesar 74% dan masuk dalam kategori “Baik”. Dengan demikian dapat dikatakan bahwa persepsi siswa terhadap pembelajaran guru pendidikan jasmani adalah baik.

  6. KEADILAN ORGANISASIONAL DAN KONSEKUENSINYA TERHADAP ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR GURU SMA DAN SMK KOTA MADIUN*

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    Veronika Agustini Srimulyani

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Keadilan organisasional memiliki potensi untuk menciptakan manfaat besar bagi organisasi dan karyawan, dan salah satu manfaatnya adalah menumbuhkan extra-role behavior (ERB atau organizational citizenship behavior (OCB. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menganalisis konsekuensi keadilan organisasional (keadilan distributif, keadilan prosedural, dan keadilan interaksional pada organizational citizenship behavior guru SMA dan guru SMK di Kota Madiun. OCB dibagi menjadi dua jenis yaitu citizenship behaviors directed toward individuals (OCB-I dan citizenship behaviors directed towards the organisation (OCB-O. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode survei. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 409 guru, yang dipilih secara non-acak. Data diperoleh dengan menyebarkan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan analisis regresi. Hasil penelitian disimpulkan: keadilan distributif dan keadilan interaksional berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap OCB-I dan OCB-O; keadilan prosedural tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap OCB-I tetapi keadilan prosedural berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap OCB-O.

  7. Perilaku Komunikasi antara Guru dengan Siswa Broken Home

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    Emilsyah Nur

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang menggunakan beberapa informan sebagai narasumber untuk menjawab permasalahan tentang opini publik terhadap komunikasi interpersonal dalam mengatasi orang tua broken home. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perilaku komunikasi siswa broken home di sekolah belum sepenuhnya efektif. Hal ini disebabkan oleh: intensitas komunikasi antara orang tua dan anak yang masih kurang sehingga anak enggan untuk terbuka kepada orang tuanya mengenai prestasi belajar. Kurangnya dukungan, rasa empati serta sikap positif yang diberikan orang tua kepada anak juga mempengaruhi hubungan interpersonal diantara orang tua dan anak yang menyebabkan anak lebih terbuka kepada teman atau kerabatnya daripada orang tuanya sendiri.Kesetaraan antara orang tua dan anak masih kurang. Perilaku komunikasi yang demikian sangat berpengaruh terhadap perilaku anak di sekolah. Beberapa faktor yang menghambat prilaku komunikasi siswa broken home  diantaranya yaitu  orang tua yang kurang bisa membagi waktu antara pekerjaan dan memberikan perhatian kepada anak di rumah sehingga komunikasi dengan anak tidak berjalan dengan lancar, sikap acuh tak acuh yang ditunjukkan orang tua membuat anak menjauhkan diri dan tidak terbuka kepada orang tua dan ketidakterbukaan siswa terhadap Guru.

  8. PERSEPSI GURU MENGENAI SEX EDUCATION DI SEKOLAH DASAR KELAS VI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Lichteria Panjaitan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The role of technology, especially information technology in Indonesia in the building society XXI century. Indonesia has begun to enter the stage of the telematics community will certainly have a major impact on all levels of life of the Indonesian nation, especially in children. The emergence of a great revolution throughout the world of children's playground, Internet presence replaces the open airy space for children's play, besides presenting impression's Internet pornography and violence can harm the development of children's personality. Sexual deviance behavior at the level of schooling is quite surprising, of course. This is a challenge for education and should be used as a rationale for the need for innovation in learning. Things into consideration are for this. Sex education in early childhood is considered taboo in society. Guru is one of the determining factors of high and low quality of education has a strategic position in transforming sex education to learners. Therefore, this study tries to analyze how perceptions of teachers on sex education at the primary school level, the research method used is a descriptive method. Keywords: Perception of teachers, sex education, learners in primary schools.

  9. Peningkatan Kompetensi Guru Menuju Pelaksanaan Dan Tanggung Jawab Secara Mandiri

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    Muhammad Lukman Syafii

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Teacher competency standards include pedagogical, personal, professional and social competences. In line with the global challenges of life, the roles and responsibilities of teachers in the future will become more complex, so it requires teachers to constantly perform various improvements and adjustments in the mastery of their competences. To add to the quality standards of teachers, Kemdikbud will propose three teacher training patterns, e.g. competency testing, Penilaian Kinerja Guru (PKG, and training on an ongoing basis and sustainable (PKB. One of the many activities of PKB for self-development is the activities performed by the teacher independently and carried out by teachers in collaboration with other teachers in the school. Implementation of this activity is relatively more independent and different from one teacher to another teacher in the school, as well as between oneto another school. Technically, this activity is not set by default. It is very likely to cause a variety of problems for teachers, perhaps even confusion can arise. All of which is feared will lead to the counter-productive, particularly with regard to achievement standards to increase the competence of teachers should meet the need independently.

  10. Pengaruh Kompetensi Pedagogik dan Kompetensi Profesional Guru terhadap Economic Literacy melalui Prestasi Belajar Siswa Kelas XII IPS di SMA Kota Malang

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    Denik Wulandari

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji pengaruh (1 kompetensi pedagogik guru terhadap economic literacy melalui prestasi belajar siswa, (2 kompetensi profesional guru terhadap economic literacy melalui prestasi belajar siswa. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas XII IPS di SMA RSBI se-Kota Malang pada tahun 2012, data diperoleh dari angket, tes, dan dokumentasi. Hasil pene-litian: (1 kompetensi pedagogik guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap economic literacy; (2 kompetensi pedagogik guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar; (3 prestasi belajar berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap economic literacy; (4 kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap economic literacy; dan (5 kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut secara keseluruhan dapat diketahui bahwa kompetensi pedagogik dan kompetensi profesional guru dapat mempengaruhi economic literacy siswa melalui prestasi belajar siswa. Kata kunci: kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi profesional, prestasi belajar, economic literacy

  11. PENGARUH DISIPLIN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

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    Adi Wahyudi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh simultan dan parsial disiplin kerja, motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah terhadap kinerja guru. Populasi dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 37 guru, penentuan sampel menggunakan rumus yang dikembangkan oleh Isaac & Michael yang berjumlah 34 guru. Sampel diambil menggunakan teknik sample random sampling. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner tertutup. Analisis yang digunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis inferensial parametriks. Hasil penelitian diperoleh terdapat pengaruh simultan disiplin kerja,motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 65,4 %. Terdapat pengaruh parsial disiplin kerja sebesar 17.56%, motivasi kerja sebesar 27.77%, dan supervisi kepala sekolah sebesar 15.21% terhadap kinerja guru. Dengan adanya disiplin kerja, motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah dapat meningkatkan kinerja guru. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there was influences of working discipline, working motivation, school principal supervision toward working performance teachers. The population in this research was 37 teacher’s, determination of the sample using the formula developed by Isaac & Michael, amounting to 34 teacher’s. Samples were taken using simple random sampling technique. The data collection methods used a closed questionnaire. The analysis technique use were descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The research results are simultaneous the influence of working discipline, working motivation, and school principal supervision toward working performance teachers is 65.4%. There is a partial influence of working discipline is 17.56%, work motivation is 27.77%, and school principal supervision of 15:21% toward performance of teachers. With the existence of working discipline, working motivation, and school principal supervision can improve teacher performance.

  12. Pola Pembinaan Kompetensi Kepribadian dan Kompetensi Sosial Guru di SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo

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    Bambang Wahrudin

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This research is motivated by the importance of personal competence and social competence teacher as the spirit of education. The focus of reasearch is know the program fostering personal competence and social competence teacherin SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo . Deep observation and interview used in this research by qualitative aproach. The result shows that personality competence development programs conducted in six (6 forms include: 1 Dhuhr and Asr prayers in congregation, 2 Baitul Arqom for teachers and employees, 3 Course / tahsin read the Koran for teachers and employees, 4 Pray tahajud ahad congregation every morning, and 5 Training Motivation and 6 Counseling, whereas social competence training program conducted by three (3 forms, namely: 1 Piket Sympathetic, 2 MGMPs and 3 Sinergy Building. These patern have made theacher have stong  professionaly and  authority Abstrak Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh pentingnya kompetensi kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial bagi guru sebagai ruh pendidikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui program pembinaan kompetensi kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial guru di SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo. Reset mendalam dilakukan secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkaan bahwa Program pembinaan kompetensi kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial sumber daya manusia di SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo menggunakan 6 (enam bentuk meliputi: 1. sholat Dhuhur dan Ashar berjamaah, 2. baitul Arqom untuk guru dan karyawan, 3. kursus/tahsin baca al-Qur’an untuk guru dan karyawan, 4. sholat tahajud berjamaah setiap ahad dini hari, dan 5. training motivasi dan 6. konseling, sedangkan program pembinaan kompetensi sosial dilakukan dengan 3 (tiga bentuk, yaitu: 1. paket Simpatik, 2.  MGMP dan 3. sinergy Building. Pola ini telah berhasil menghantarkan guru sebagai guru yang profesional yang kuat dan berwibawa.

  13. EVALUASI KINERJA GURU FISIKA, BIOLOGI DAN KIMIA SMA YANG SUDAH LULUS SERTIFIKASI

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    Yusrizal Yusrizal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan (1 mengembangkan instrumen evaluasi kinerja guru yang valid dan reliabel, (2 mengevaluasi kinerja guru Fisika, Biologi, dan Kimia SMA yang sudah terser-tifikasi/menerima tunjangan profesi. Populasi penelitian yaitu seluruh guru Fisika, Biologi dan Kimia SMA tersertifikasi/pene-rima tunjangan profesi yang berada di Kota Banda Aceh, Kabupaten Aceh Besar dan Kabupaten Pidie. Validitas konstruk instrumen yang dikembangkan dibuktikan melalui analisis fak-tor, dan reliabilitasnya diestimasi dengan rumus alpha Cron-bach. Analisis tingkat kinerja ditentukan dengan persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 instrumen yang dikembang-kan terdiri atas 33 butir pernyataan, dan memiliki koefisien reliabilitas konsistensi internal sebesar 0,953; (2 kinerja guru Fisika, Biologi, dan Kimia SMA yang sudah lulus sertifikasi dan sudah menerima tunjangan belum seluruhnya berkinerja tinggi; (3 kinerja guru Kimia relatif lebih baik dari pada kinerja guru Biologi dan guru Fisika. Kata kunci: evaluasi, kinerja guru, validitas, reliabilitas ______________________________________________________________ AN EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF CERTIFIED SCIENCE TEACHERS (PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS Abstract This study was aimed at (1 developing a valid and reliable performance evaluation instruments for teachers, and (2 evaluating the level of Physics, Biology and Chemistry teachers of senior high schools who have been certified and received theprofession allowance. The population of this study included all certified Physics, Biology and Chemistry teachers of senior high schools who have received profession allowance in Banda Aceh, Aceh Besar, and Pidie. The construct validity of the instrument developed was assessed through factor analysis, and the reliability was estimated by using Cronbach’s Alpha formula. The level of teachers’performance was analyzed by the percentage. The result of the research shows that (1 the

  14. Faith Maturity and Mental Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study of Indian American Followers of a Guru Tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandya, Samta P

    2018-05-05

    This article is based on a longitudinal study of Indian Americans devoted to a guru tradition, aiming to explore how faith contributes to their mental well-being. Respondent sample size at phase 1 (2003-2004) was 1872 and at phase 2 (2013-2014) was 1764. Two scales were used to measure faith maturity and well-being. Results showed that phase 2 well-being scores of the devotees were higher, influenced by faith maturity and engagement regularity, thereby corroborating the faith-religiosity-well-being link, further reinforced by the structural equation model. Faith emerges as critical variable in working with this cohort and planning interventions towards promoting their well-being.

  15. Karakteristik Pengembangan Tes Keterampilan Berpiki Kritis Bumi dan Antariksa Untuk Calon Guru

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    Taufik Ramlan Ramalis

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of the f critical thinking skills test and measurement errors according to classical test theory and item response theory. The test is based on the basic concepts and essential principles of the Earth Space, with reference to the core critical thinking skills. The research method used a mixed methods design with embedded experimental models. The analysis in this study is based on 41 responses of students teacher prospective who have taken IPBA courses at the Physics education department of FPMIPA UPI. Based on classical test theory indicates that of 18 test items were analyzed 15 items were good quality, reliability index of 0.89. From information function and standard error measurement of item response theory, the overall conclusion of this evaluation is that the model 2PL is better to use when evaluating the test. Keywords: critical thinking skills, earth and space, classical test theory, item response theory Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis karakteristik tes keterampilan berpikir kritis serta kesalahan pengukuran menurut teori tes klasik dan teori respons item. Tes disusun berdasarkan konsep dasar dan prinsip esensial sains Bumi dan Antariksa, dengan mengacu pada inti keterampilan berpikir kritis. Metode penelitiannya menggunakan mixed methods dengan desain embedded experimental model. Analisis dalam penelitian ini didasarkan pada respons 41 mahasiswa calon guru yang telah mengambil matakuliah IPBA di departemen pendidikan Fisika FPMIPA UPI. Berdasarkan teori tes klasik menunjukkan bahwa dari 18 item tes yang dianalisis 15 item yang berkualitas baik, indeks reliabilitas 0,89. Dari fungsi informasi dan pengukuran kesalahan baku pada teori respons item, kesimpulan keseluruhan dari evaluasi ini adalah bahwa model 2PL adalah lebih baik untuk digunakan ketika mengevaluasi tes. Kata-kata kunci: keterampilan berpikir kritis, bumi dan antariksa, teori tes klasik

  16. KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL GURU TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN IPS DI SD INPRES 6/86 LABURASSENG DESA LABURASSENG KECAMATAN LIBURENG KABUPATEN BONE SULAWESI SELATAN

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    Muhammad Taufiq Halim

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh jauhnya lokasi sekolah dari pusat perkotaan sehingga menyebabkan kurangnya informasi yang masuk ke sekolah ini. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan konstruksi sosial guru terhadap pembelajaran IPS, mendeskripsikan implementasi pembelajaran IPS di SD Inpres 6/86 Laburasseng, mendeskripsikan dampak pembelajaran IPS di SD Inpres 6/86 Laburasseng. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis dalam penelitian ini dengan menggunakan model interaktif yakni pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan verifikasi data. Hasil penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa konstruksi sosial guru terhadap pembelajaran IPS berbeda-beda khususnya pada tahap objektifikasi dan terjadi pergeseran pandangan terhadap pembelajaran IPS yang ideal yang menyebabkan implementasi dari pembelajaran IPS menyimpang sehingga berdampak pada perilaku siswa. Berdasarkan hal tersebut disarankan agar guru-guru lebih aktif untuk mengikuti pelatihan-pelatihan serta diklat-diklat dan mencari informasi yang lebih banyak untuk menambah wawasan tentang pembelajaran IPS. The research was distributed by school location away from urban centres so that the cause of the lack of information coming into this school. The purpose of this study is to describe the social construction of teachers towards social science learning, social science learning implementation described in the primary presidential instruction 6/86 Laburasseng, described the impact of  social science learning in the primary presidential instruction 6/86 Laburasseng. This research includes qualitative research. The technique of data collection conducted in-depth interviews with, observation and documentation. Analytical techniques in the study with the use of interactive models i.e., data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and data verification. The research found that

  17. Print and Electronic Resources: Usage Statistics at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Kanta

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to quantify the use of electronic journals in comparison with the print collections in the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library. Design/methodology/approach: A detailed analysis was made of the use of lending services, the Xerox facility and usage of electronic journals such as Science Direct,…

  18. KOMUNIKASI INSTRUKSIONAL GURU DAN SISWA ANAK BERKEBUTUHAN KHUSUS DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN INKLUSI

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    Nuryani Nuryani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi komunikasi guru padasiswa ABK di SMK Balai Perguruan Putri Bandung, bagaimana komunikasi instruksional yang dilakukan guru pada siswa ABK di SMK BPP, dan mengapa sekolah memilih untuk melaksanakan komunikasi pembelajaran yang menggabungkan siswa ABK dan nonABK. Penelitian ini menggunakan tradisi studi kasus dengan metode kualitatif serta menggunakan beberapa teori yang melandasi penelitian yakni teori interaksi simbolik dan teori konvergensi simbolik. Kesimpulan penelitiaan ini adalah 1 beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi pelaksanaan komunikasi pembelajaran di antaranya kompetensi guru, kesiapan siswa, dan dukungan lingkungan sekolah. Termasuk juga dukungan orang tua dan pendamping. 2 Komunikasi pembelajaran dilaksanakan dalam dua saluran yakni komunikasi pembelajaran di depan kelas dan komunikasi individual antara guru dan siswa. Teknik yang digunakan mulai dari ceramah, tanya jawab, diskusi, demonstrasi, dan juga tutor sebaya. Bahasa verbal dan nonverbal digunakan seperti raut muka ekspresif, suara lantang, artikulasi jelas, gaya tubuh dan bahasa tubuh ekspresif, disertai dengan sentuhan, belaian, tatapan mata. 3 Alasan yang melatar belakangi penyelenggaraan komunikasi instruksional yang menggabungkan siswa ABK dan nonABK di SMK BPP Bandung dilakukan demi kepentingan tiga pihak, yakni siswa ABK, organisasi, serta siswa non ABK DOI: 10.24198/jkk.Vvol4n2.4

  19. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGIK GURU DAN KEMAMPUAN AKADEMIK SISWA MELALUI LESSON STUDY

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    Eka Andriani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to improve teachers' pedagogical competence and academic achievement of students through lesson study based learning. The design of this study is classroom action research method of observation and written tests. The data were analyzed by quantitative descriptive. The research was conducted on a geography teacher and students of class XI social science programe specialization courses in high school. The results showed an increase pedagogical competence of teachers of the first cycle to the second cycle. This can be seen from the ability of teachers prepare lesson plans and implementing learning. Based learning lesson study also impact on improving the academic skills of students in the form of activity and learning outcomes. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kompetensi pedagogik guru dan prestasi akademik siswa melalui pembelajaran berbasis lesson study. Rancangan penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas dengan metode observasi dan tes tertulis. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada guru Geografi dan siswa kelas XI program peminatan ilmu sosial di SMA. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya peningkatan kompetensi pedagogik guru dari siklus I ke siklus II. Hal ini bisa dilihat dari kemampuan guru menyusun RPP dan melaksanakan pembelajaran. Pembelajaran berbasis lesson study juga berdampak pada peningkatan kemampuan akademis siswa berupa aktivitas dan hasil belajar.

  20. Hubungan kompetensi pedagogis dan kompetensi profesional guru PPKn dengan prestasi belajar siswa sekolah menengah

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    Vinta Larasati

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan kompetensi pedagogis dan kompetensi profesional guru PPKn dengan prestasi belajar siswa di SMA Negeri se-Kota Yogyakarta. Metode penelitian ini adalah korelasional dengan pendekatan kuantitatif.  Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui angket dan dokumentasi. Analisis data untuk pengujian hipotesis menggunakan korelasi product moment sederhana dan regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian membuktikan bahwa: 1 terdapat hubungan positif dan signifikan antara kompetensi pedagogis guru PPKn dengan prestasi belajar PPKn siswa. Kekuatan hubungan menunjukkan arah kekuatan dalam kategori sangat kuat. 2 terdapat hubungan positif dan signifikan antara kompetensi profesional guru PPKn dengan prestasi belajar PPKn siswa. Kekuatan hubungan antara kedua variabel menunjukkan arah dalam kategori sangat kuat. 3 Terdapat hubungan positif dan signifikan kompetensi pedagogis dan kompetensi profesional guru PPKn dengan prestasi belajar siswa. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This research was aimed at explaining the relationship between pedagogical and professional competency among PPKn teachers and students’ achievement at SMAN (State-owned Senior High Schools in Yogyakarta city. It was a correlational study with quantitative approach. Data was analyzed statistically to test the hypotheses using product moment test. The results are follows. 1 there is a positive and significant correlation between teachers’ pedagogical competency and students’ achievement. 2 there is a positive and significant correlation between teachers’ professional competency and students’ achievement. 3 there is a positive and significant correlation between teachers’ pedagogical and professional competency and students’ achievement.

  1. Persepsi Guru BK Tentang Kompetensi Konselor di Sekolah Dasar Swasta Kota Semarang

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    Restu Setyoningtyas

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui tentang persepsi guru BK tentang kompetensi konselor di sekolah dasar swasta Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini bersifat kuantitatif, responden penelitian adalah guru BK sekolah dasar swasta, teknik pengumpulan data berupa skala psikologi dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan Analisis Deskriptif Persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persepsi guru BK tentang kompetensi konselor mendapatkan hasil yang positif. Kompetensi pedagogik yaitu positif, kepribadian yaitu kurang positif, sosial yaitu kurang positif, profesional yaitu cukup positif. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah persepsi guru BK tentang kompetensi konselor di sekolah dasar swasta Kota Semarang pada umumnya positif. The purpose of this research is determine perception guidance and counseling teacher about counselor competence in private elementary school on Semarang city. This research is quantitative. Respondens is guidance and counseling teacher from private elementary school, techniques of data collection are psychology scale and documentation. The data analysis using Analysis Descriptive Percentage. Result showed that research is perception  guidance and counseling teacher about counselor competence is positive. Pedagogic competence is positive, personality is not positive enough, social is not positive enough, professional is positive enough. The conclusion of this research is perception guidance and counseling teacher about counselor competence in private elementary school on Semarang city in general is positive.

  2. PENGARUH PERSEPSI PROFESI GURU, LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA, EFIKASI DIRI TERHADAP MINAT MENJADI GURU

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    Desti Wahyuni

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe the influence of perceptions about teachers profession, family environment, and self efficacy to interest being a teacher in student of education, both simultaneously and partially. The population in this study were student of Accounting Education Economic Faculty, Semarang State University force year 2014, amounting to 166 students. Technique of sampling uses population samples, so all of population becomes respondents of research. Methods of data collection using questionnaire. Data analysis method used is descriptive analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that, simultaneously perceptions about teachers profession, family environment, and self efficacy affect to interest being a teacher by 52.1%, while the remaining 47.9% influenced by other variables out of models that not revealed in this study. Partially, perceptions about teachers profession are not proven to have an effect on the interest being a teacher by 0.34%. While the family environment and self efficacy have an effect on teacher's interest, respectively by 2.79%, and 38.07% .

  3. PENGARUH SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN MOTIVASI KERJA GURU TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

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    uli uslihatul ulya

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Teachers performance is a job result that reached by teacher in perform duty assignment that is charged to them.� In Fact there are many� problems / con- straint that gets bearing with teacher performance, amongst those, not all teacher are develop Lesson Plan until maximal. where at in it don�t at education point entries nation character and has no it Explorations, Elaboration, Confirmation in activity fundamental learning. Then in teaching and learning interaction performing, not all teacher are utilize media and a variety learning model. Method that is utilized is not variation,only discourse and question-answer. Besides it, extant teacher which haven�t performed Action Research brazes. That thing because of� headmaster su- pervision was not performed with best and teacher have not high job motivation. Problem formulation in this research is what exists positive influence headmaster supervision and teacher job motivation for economics-accountancy teachers perfor- mance in every SMA Negeri of� Pemalang Regency whether simultan or partial.

  4. Faktor-Faktor Hambatan Profesionalisasi Guru BK di SMA Negeri se- Kota Purwokerto

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    Cahya Dewi Rizkiwati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mendeskripsikan tentang faktor-faktor hambatan yang terjadi dalam profesionalisasi guru BK. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SMA Negeri se-Kota Purwokerto. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian populasi atau sensus karena populasi guru BK berjumlah 25 orang. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah  inventori dalam bentuk daftar cek masalah. Instrumen tersebut telah diuji validitasnya menggunakan rumus point biserial, sedangkan reliabilitas instrumen digunakan rumus KR-20. Data yang telah diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan teknik deskriptif prosentase. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan hambatan yang berasal dari faktor internal mendapat prosentase lebih tinggi daripada faktor eksternal. Faktor internal yang paling mempengaruhi profesionalisasi guru BK antara lain latar belakang pendidikan, pengalaman kerja, motivasi kerja, kompetensi guru BK. Sedangkan faktor eksternal yang paling mempengaruhi profesionalisasi guru BK adalah sarana dan prasarana. The purpose of this research is to describe problems  occur in the professionalization of guidance and counseling teachers. The type of the research is survey research . This research was conducted in all of Senior High School in Purwokerto. Population research or census were used as sampling method, since  the population of guidance and counseling teachers were 25 people. Data collection technique was  using inventory with list of issues. The instrument validity has been tested using point biserial formula, whilst its reliability was tested using KR-20 formula. The data was analyzed using descriptive percentage techniques. The results of this research indicate that internal factors get higher percentage than external factors. Internal factors that have the most influence in the professionalization of guidance and counseling teachers include educational background, working experience , motivation, teacher

  5. Kepemimpinan Kharismatis-Transformatif Tuan Guru Dalam Perubahan Sosial Masyarakat Sasak-Lombok Melalui Pendidikan

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    Mohamad Iwan Fitriani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article studies about  social change of Lombok Moslems under Tuan Guru’s Leadership. Here, Tuan Guru won’t be studied personally but focused on rationale, forms, sources of influence and leadership type of Tuan Guru in social change of Moslem Lombok community. Term of Tuan Guru derives from Tuan (al ha>jj dan guru (teacher, but not all of al ha>jj and teachers are called Tuan Guru for a main reason that Tuan Guru is a name for someone which is obtained from social legitimation and based on his knowledge and behaviour. Tuan Guru is sometimes called as Kyai, but not all of Kyais are Tuan Guru. This article showed that social changes done by Tuan Guru since there’s a gap between ideal and behavioral pattern among Lombok Moslem community, evolutif and planned form of change through educating society, Tuan Guru’s sources of influence consist of positional and personal power where Tuan Guru is regarded as waratsatu al-anbiya>’i and the legitimated interpreter or custodian of islamic teaching. What is said and done by Tuan Guru will be referrence of Lombok Moslems and the last is charismatic-transformative leadership type of Tuan Guru consists of idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, individual consideration and inspirational motivation.    الملخص: درست هذه المقالة التغيّر الإجتماعي في المجتمع اللومبوكي تحت رياسة توان غورو. ولا تدرس هذه المقالة توان غورو كفرد وإنما تركّز في الحجة والشكل ومصدر الـتأثير ونمط رياسته في تغيّر المجتمع اللومبوكي المسلم.  وأصل مصطلح توان غورو من كلمة tuan  (الحاجّ و   guru (مدرّس ، ولكن ليس كل حاجّ يدرّس  هو توان غورو. لأن هذا المصطلح  من اعتراف المجتمع على أساس العلم وصلاح سلوك الشخص

  6. KETIKA KEBIJAKAN ORDE LAMA MEMASUKI DOMAIN PENDIDIKAN: PENYIAPAN DAN KINERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI INDONESIA

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    Umasih Umasih

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reveals how the educational policy in Indonesia during The Old Order. The domination of government (Soekarno as expressed in the domination theory by Antonio Gramsci which a politic is a commander and it can dominate whole Indonesia society life including an educational aspect. Furthermore, Soekarno as an individual manivesto has given a space for PKI because of their closeness. When the Minister, Prijono, issued a decision concerning about Pancawardhana Educational System, The Institution of National Education which is affiliated by PKI giving a formulation of Pancacinta. An education in the political manifesto obliges teachers enter into a practical politics life, teachers have to be revolutionary . It means that the learning practice is given toward students through indoctrination.  No less than 2000 teachers in the East java and the Cental Java finally became PKI members, then about  580 teachers of elementary school from the West Java. Even PKI has succeeded to divide the organization of teacher’s membership into The Cental Vak PGRI and  non Vak Central PGRI. Keywords : The Old Order, The Pacawardhana Educational System, the performance of elementary teachers.  Artikel ini mengungkapkan bagaimana kebijakan pendidikan Indonesia pada masa Orde Lama. Dominasi pemerintah (Soekarno seperti diungkapkan dalam teori  dominasi oleh ntonio Gramsci di mana politik adalah panglima dan dapat mendominasi segala kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia termasuk dalam bidang pendidikan. Tidak hanya itu, Presiden Soekarno sebagai manivesto perseorangan  juga  telah  memberi ruang gerak pada PKI karena kedekatan hubungannya dengan Presiden Soekarno.  Ketika Menteri Prijono mengeluarkan keputusan tentang Sistem Pendidikan Pancawardhana, Lembaga Pendidikan Nasional yang berafiliasi dengan PKI memberi rumusan tentang Pancacinta. Pendidikan dalam alam manipol mengharuskan guru terjun dalam kehidupan politik praktis, guru harus revolusioner yang

  7. Suplemen Panduan Guru dalam Pengembangan Pembelajaran Tematik Kompetensi Dasar Matematika Kelas IV

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    Isti Hidayah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah Dasar (SD dengan penguatan tahapan enaktif-ikonik-simbolik berbantuan serang-kaian pertanyaan produktif. Perangkat pembelajaran berupa Panduan Guru sebagai suple-men dalam mengembangkan rancangan pembelajaran tematik kompetensi dasar (KD Ma-tematika kelas IV semester gasal. Penelitian ini telah menghasilkan Panduan Guru dengan perangkatnya, yaitu alat peraga sebagai representasi enaktif; media visual dalam bentuk po-werpoint sebagai representasi ikonik; lembar kegiatan peserta didik (LKPD dan lembar tu-gas peserta didik (LTPD, serta kartu masalah (contextual problem. Produk yang telah di-hasilkan akan membantu guru dalam mengembangkan rancangan pembelajaran dalam im-plementasi Kurikulum 2013. Hasil implementasi menunjukkan bahwa produk penelitian be-rupa Suplemen Panduan Guru membantu guru dalam mengembangkan rancangan dan pe-laksanaan pembelajaran dengan pendekatan ilmiah. Penyempurnaan Suplemen difokuskan pada keterpaduan aspek sikap, keterampilan, dan pengetahuan.Kata kunci: suplemen panduan guru; pembelajaran tematik KD Matematika; contextual                         problem   AbstractThe purpose of this research is to develop elementary mathematics learning devices with reinforcement stages enactive-iconic-symbolic aidednquestion series of productive to strengthen the ability of solving Mathematics problem students since early. A learning device Teacher’s Guide as a supplement in developing basic competencies thematic lesson plan fourth grade Math odd semester. This research has produced a Teacher’s Guide with the device; witch is a representation enactive prop; visual media in the form of PowerPoint as iconic representations; students’ activity sheets (LKPD and students’ task sheet (LTPD, and card problems (contextual problem. The benefit of this research that has been produced to assist teachers in developing

  8. Kemampuan Guru Mengelola Pembelajaran Fisika di SLTPN Kota Banjarmasin

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    Sugiarto Sugiarto

    2004-01-01

    working motivation and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (rt (2ti4ii} — 0.814; 8There was a positive and significant correlation between the working spirit and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (r2ra34i> = 0.59; 2 There was a positive correlation between the teaching experience and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (r3 a 24i = 0.549; 10 There was a positive correlation between the trainings and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (r4^lt2,3t4,s= 0.574; 11 There was a positive correlation between the educational level and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (rMlJt3Ai— 0.542; 12 There was a positive correlation between the working spirit, the teaching experience, the trainings, and the educational level simultaneously, and the teachers' ability in managing of learning of physics with (IV (Ujt4 = 0.931; 13 The contribution of the working motivation, the working spirit, the teaching experience, the trainings, and the educational level simultaneously to the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics was 86.7% (R = 0.867, the contribution of the work motivation was 22.7% , the contribution of the working spirit was 17.1%, the contribution of the teaching experience was 20.4%, the constribution of the trainings was 11.00% and that of the educational level was 15.5%; Kata kunci: kemampuan guru mengelola, pembelajaran fisika.

  9. PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN KERJA, KOMPENSASI KERJA, DAN MOTIVASI KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU EKONOMI/ AKUNTANSI DI SMA NEGERI SE-KABUPATEN WONOSOBO

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    Siti Imroatun

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Kinerja guru sangat menentukan keberhasilan proses belajar yang efektif dan efisien. Dengan kinerja yang baik maka tujuan pendidikan dapat tercapai. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMA Negeri se-Kabupaten wonosobo yang berjumlah sembilan sekolah yang dilatar belakangi bahwa kinerja guru di SMA Negeri se-Kabupaten Wonosobo belum optimal. Hal ini dilihat dari hasil observasi awal yang menunjukkan kurangnya persiapan sebelum mengajar, penggunaan metode pembelajaran yang kurang inovatif, dan pembelajaran berbasis teknologi kurang dapat dimanfaatkan secara optimal. Populasi dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 30 orang guru ekonomi yang tersebar di sembilan SMA Negeri se-Kabupaten Wonosobo. Sampel yang digunakan adalah semua guru ekonomi yang ada di SMA Negeri se-Kabupaten Wonosobo. Variabel yang diteliti dalam penelitian ini adalah lingkungan kerja, kompensasi kerja, dan motivasi kerja sebagai variabel bebas, serta kinerja guru sebagai variabel terikat. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah angket atau kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferensial.Hasil analisis deskriptif masing-masing variabel menunjukkan bahwa lingkungan kerja, kompensasi kerja, motivasi kerja dan kinerja guru termasuk kriteria baik. Lingkungan kerja berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 16,65%; kompensasi kerja berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 21,25%; dan motivasi kerja berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 31,92%.Penelitian ini terdapat pengaruh positif antara lingkungan kerja, kompensasi kerja dan motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru, baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah agar guru ekonomi terus meningkatkan kompetensi professional dengan menyesuaikan kemampuan peserta didik. Selain itu juga perlu ditingkatkan fasilitas yang mendukung kinerja guru, memberikan kompensasi sesuai dengan beban kerja guru dan selalu memberikan motivasi kepada guru ekonomi. Teacher

  10. PENGARUH SIKAP GURU TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN KARAKTER (PEDULI SOSIAL SISWA DI MI MADINATUNNAJAH KOTA CIREBON

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    Akhmad Busyaeri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKSikap merupakan sesuatu yang dipelajari dan sikap menentukan bagaimana individu bereaksi terhadap situasi serta menentukan apa yang dicari individu dalam kehidupannya. Sikap mengandung tiga komponen, yaitu komponen kognitif, komponen afektif dan tingkah laku. Sikap selalu berkenaan dengan suatu objek dan sikap terhadap objek ini disertai dengan perasaan positif dan negatif. Sikap dari seorang guru adalah salah satu faktor yang menentukan bagi perkembangan jiwa anak didik selanjutnya. Karena sikap seorang guru tidak hanya dilihat dalam waktu mengajar saja, tetapi juga dilihat tingkah lakunya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari oleh anak didiknya.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pendekatan kuantitatif, untuk pengumpulan data dilaksanakan dengan teknik penyebaran angket dan studi dokumentasi. Pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini dilakukan dengan cara populasi sampel dan dipilih kelas V yang berjumlah 24 siswa. yang dijadikan sampel pada penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V. Dan untuk menganalisis data, penulis menggunakan analisis regresi dengan bantuan program SPSS 17.0 for windows. Pengaruh sikap guru di MI Madinatunajah kota Cirebon berada dalam kategori sedang. Hal ini dapat diketahui bahwa hasil angket pengaruh sikap guru sebesar 42,08 berada pada interval 36-55 (sedang, Dan pengembangan karaktr (peduli social kelas V di MI Madinataunnajah  mencapai 43,42 sedangkan median (nilai tengahnya adalah 44,00, serta modus (nilai yang sering muncul juga diperoleh dengan nilai 44. Dari hasil analisis menunjukan Koefisien Korelasi sebesar 0,511 dan Koefisien Determinasi sebesar 26,11 %. Dan nilai thitung  sebesar 2,787. Karena thitung > ttabel yakni 2,787 > 1,717. Maka hipotesis diterima.

  11. URGENSI TUNTUTAN PROFESIONALISME DAN HARAPAN MENJADI GURU BERKARAKTER (Studi Kasus: Sekolah Dasar dan Sekolah Menengah Pertama di Kabupaten Batubara

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    Deny Setiawan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peningkatan profesionalisme guru, kualitas anak didik, dan guru yang berkarakter. Populasi penelitian adalah guru SD di Provinsi Sumatera Utara dengan sampel yang diambil secara purposive, yaitu Kabupaten Batubara. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik tes, wawancara, FGD, dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan teknik statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa nilai UKG SD dan SMP tahun 2013 di Kabupaten Batubara secara nasional sangat rendah, bahkan ada yang memiliki nilai kompetensi 1,0. Nilai rata-rata kompetensi guru hanya sebesar 39,61 untuk guru SD, masih berada di bawah nilai rata-rata secara nasional dan Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Nilai UKG SMP sebesar 46,86 masih berada di bawah nilai rata-rata nasional. Hal itu menunjukkan bahwa sebagian guru di Batubara masih memiliki profesionalisme yang rendah dalam melakukan tugas profesinya sehingga ke depan diharapkan perkembangan karakter guru yang berkualitas. THE URGENT DEMAND FOR PROFESSIONALISM AND THE HOPE FOR TEACHERS WITH GOOD CHARACTERS Abstract: The purpose of this research is to describe the improvement of teachers’ professionalism, students’ quality and teachers’ characters. The research population was primary school teachers in North Sumatra in Batubara Regency who were recruited through purposive sampling. Data were collected through test, interview, FGD and documentation study. The research results show that the value of UKG at elementary and secondary schools in 2013 in Batubara Regency, is very low, and some schools even have the competence value as much as 1.0. The average of primary school teachers’ competence is only 39.61, below the national and provincial average. While the SMP UKG value is 46.86 which is still below the national average. It shows that some teachers in Batubara are still less professional and thus need to further develop

  12. PENERAPAN PENILAIAN PORTOFOLIO PEMBELAJARAN GURU SMKN DI KELAS X PADA MATA PELAJARAN PEMROGRAMAN WEB

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    Isyatul Karimah

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The change of the curriculum affects the process of teaching and learning activities of teachers with students, so that required documentation of teaching and learning activities. The objective is to apply portfolio assessments and to obtain learning documentation from planning, implementation, and evaluation that embraces Lesson Study principles and to obtain student learning outcomes and to know how to implement teacher competencies. The method used using case study, type of research using grounded theory with data collection using snowball sampling as well as searching the validity of research findings using source triangulation techniques and method triangulation. The result of the research is the learning process which is planned, implemented, and evaluated by the teacher for one semester. Pergantian kurikulum memengaruhi proses kegiatan belajar mengajar guru dengan siswa sehingga diperlukan dokumentasi kegiatan belajar mengajar. Tujuannya adalah untuk menerapkan penilaian portofolio dan mendapatkan dokumentasi pembelajaran mulai dari perencanaan (plan, pelaksanaan (do, dan evaluasi (see yang menganut prinsip Lesson Study serta untuk mendapatkan hasil belajar siswa dan mengetahui cara mengimplementasikan kompetensi guru. Metode yang digunakan mengunakan studi kasus, jenis penelitian menggunakan grounded theory dengan penjaringan data menggunakan snowball sampling serta mencari keabsahan temuan penelitian menggunakan teknik triangulasi sumber dan triangulasi metode. Hasil penelitian berupa proses pembelajaran yang direncanakan, dilaksanakan, dan dievaluasikan oleh guru selama satu semester.

  13. Peningkatan Keterampilan Memberi Umpan Balik Guru Pendidikan Jasmani dan Kesehatan Kecamatan Taman Kabupaten Sidoarjo

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    Muhammad Yanuar Rizky

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tindakan pendampingan yang mampu meningkatkan keterampilan mengajar terutama pada aspek memberi umpan balik guru pendidikan jasmani olahraga dan kesehatan Sekolah Dasar Negeri di Kecamatan Taman kabupaten sidoarjo setelah diberikan pendampingan. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan (action reseach. Tindakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu, 1. Pemberian tayangan video keterampilan memberi umpan balik pada data primer, 2. Pendampingan perekaman dan diskusi hasil dilapangan, 3. Refleksi. Subjek dari penelitian ini ada 4 Guru Pendidikan Jasmani Olahraga dan Kesehatan SDN di Kecamatan Taman Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Data hasil dari penelitian yang diperoleh dari nilai keterampilan memberi umpan balik pada 4 guru pendidikan jasmani olahraga dan kesehatan yaitu: (1 SDN Sepanjang I sebelumnya mendapatkan nilai 2 menjadi 5, (2 SDN Ketegan I sebelumnya mendapatkan nilai 2 menjadi 5, (3 SDN Trosobo I sebelumnya mendapatkan nilai 0 menjadi 2, (4 SDN Kramat Jegu II sebelumnya mendapatkan nilai 0 menjadi 2. Rata- rata pre-test 1 dan rata-rata post-test 3.5. Berdasarkan perhitungan statistik diketahui bahwa nilai 8.70 > 2.35 sehingga dapat disumpulkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara pre-test dan post-test, dimana nilai pre-test lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan nilai post-test.

  14. PENGARUH MOTIVASI DAN KEPUASAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMP NEGRI 5 MAGELANG

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    Lutviani Rahayu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah guru PNS di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang sebanyak 38 responden. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa persamaan garis regresi linier berganda yaitu Y = 0,182 + 0,283 + e; Y (kinerja guru, X1 (motivasi, X2 (kepuasan kerja. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh antara motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. OutputSPSS pengaruh X1 terhadap Y sebesar 0,643 dengan nilai hubungan parsial sebesar 12,1% pada taraf signifikansi 0,035, sedangkan X2 terhadap Y sebesar 0,178 dengan hubungan parsial sebesar 17,8% pada taraf signifikansi 0,011. Jadi semakin baik motivasi dan kepuasan kerja maka semakin baik pula kinerja guru. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there is an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on theteachers’ performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang either simultaneously or partially. The population in this research was a public civil servants in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang are 38 respondents. The collecting method was questionnaire and documentation. The analysis data technique were descriptive. The analysis showed that the multiple linear regression equation is Y = 0,182X1 + 0,283X2 + E, with Y (teachers’ performance, X1 (motivation, X2 (job satisfaction. These results indicated that there was an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on the teachers’s performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. The SPSS output effect of X1 on Y of 0.643 with a value 12.1% partial relationship at a significance level of 0.035, while the X2 to Y of 0.178 with 17.8% partial relations at a significance level of 0.011. So the better motivation and job satisfaction, the better the

  15. PENGARUH KESIAPAN BELAJAR, KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU DAN LINGKUNGAN BELAJAR TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN KEARSIPAN

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    Rizkia Yulikasari

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Motivasi merupakan keseluruhan daya penggerak dari dalam maupun luar diri siswa yang menimbulkan kegiatan belajar sehingga tujuan yang dikehendaki dapat tercapai secara maksimal. Motivasi belajar siswa diantaranya dipengaruhi oleh faktor intern yang berasal dari dalam diri siswa yakni kesiapan belajar dan faktor ekstern yang berasal dari luar diri siswa yakni kompetensi profesional guru dan lingkungan belajar. Berdasarkan hasil observasi awal ada indikasi bahwa motivasi belajar siswa kelas X Program Keahlian Administrasi Perkantoran di SMK N 1 Kendal masih rendah. Masalah yang diteliti dalam penelitian ini yaitu adakah pengaruh kesiapan belajar, kompetensi profesional guru, dan lingkungan belajar terhadap motivasi belajar mata pelajaran kearsipan secara simultan maupun parsial. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu adakah pengaruh kesiapan belajar, kompetensi profesional guru, dan lingkungan belajar terhadap motivasi belajar mata pelajaran kearsipan secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi yang diteliti dalam penelitian ini merupakan siswa kelas X Program Keahlian Administrasi Perkantoran tahun ajaran 2014/2015 sebanyak 71 siswa. Variabel yang dikaji yaitu kesiapan belajar, kompetensi profesional guru, lingkungan belajar, dan motivasi belajar. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan deskriptif dan regresi berganda. Hasil dari analisis regresi linier berganda diperoleh persamaan Y = -14,855+ 0,571X1 + 0,309X2 + 0,519X3 + e. Ada pengaruh secara simultan antara kesiapan belajar, kompetensi profesional guru dan lingkungan belajar terhadap motivasi belajar sebesar 63,3%, sedangkan pengaruh secara parsial kesiapan belajar sebesar 38,5%, kompetensi profesional guru sebesar 7,9%, dan lingkungan belajar sebesar 20,25%. Motivation was the entire driving force from within and outside the student who raised learning activities so that the desired objectives could be achieved optimally. Student's motivation

  16. Persepsi Siswa Tentang Peranan Guru Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Membantu Arah Peminatan

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    Ikha Idfikhoda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini didasarkan atas observasi dilengkapi wawancara yang menunjukkan bahwa siswa kurang memahami tentang peranan guru BK dalam arah peminatan siswa, hal ini merujuk pada persepsi siswa yang negatif kepada Guru BK. Data awal diperoleh dari dinas pendidikan tentang satuan pendidikan pada jenjang SMA yang melaksanakan kurikulum 2013 di Kabupaten Semarang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui persepsi siswa tentang peranan guru BK dalam membantu arah peminatan pada siswa kelas X di SMA Se-Kabupaten Semarang Tahun 2015 Jenis penelitianini adalah kuantitatif deskriptif dengan metode survei. Penelitian ini melibatkan siswa SMA kelas X se-Kabupaten Semarang. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan skala persepsi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif prosentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 SMA Negeri 1 Ungaran memperoleh persentase 70,99% (tepat, (2 SMA Negeri 1 Ambarawa memperoleh persentase 73,34% (tepat, (3 SMA Negeri 1 Tengaran memperoleh persentase 78,14% (tepat, dan (4 SMA Islam Sudirman Ambarawa memperoleh persentase 73,10% (tepat.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan pembahasan dapat disimpulkan bahwa persepsi siswa tentang peranan guru BK dalam membantu arah peminatan pada siswa kelas X di SMAse-Kabupaten Semarang Tahun 2015 menunjukkan kriteria tepat dengan persentase 73,86%. This research is based on observations including interviews which shows that students lack an understanding about the roles ofcounseling teachers to directof students’s specialization, it refers to negative students's perception to counseling teachers. Preliminary data from the education department about high school level who implementthe curriculum 2013 in the Semarang District. The purpose isto determine students’s perceptions about the roles of counseling teachers to helpdirectinggrade X students toward specialization. The type is descriptive quantitative with survey method. This research  involving the senior high school students

  17. UPAYA PENINGKATAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN MELALUI PENGEMBANAGAN PROFESIONALISME GURU

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    Cok Istri Raka Marsiti

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Education is a key in improving quality of the nation. Human resource development is a strategic attempt that should be carried out by the government. Professional teacher is a whole building that covers thinking and acting in learning activities. As a consequence evaluation instrument of competency is a building unit that can be used to measure teachers competency. Professional teacher requires professional in teaching and training. Teachers roles are to generate learning activity, however, they face problems in executing their tasks, community perceptions on teachers, and teachers prosperity. Therefore, regeneration of teachers and continued development of human resource are answering these problems. Kata kunci: Mutu Pendidikan, SMK, profesionalisme guru.

  18. RELEVANSI KURIKULUM PRODI PENDIDIKAN SOSIOLOGI ANTROPOLOGI DENGAN KEBUTUHAN MENGAJAR GURU SMA

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    Totok Rochana

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Materi pembelajaran  Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang diajarkan di SMA senantiasa mengalami perubahan. Sementara  kurikulum Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES tidak banyak mengalami perubahan. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis membahas bagaimana relevansi antara Kurikulum Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES dengan kebutuhan mengajar bagi guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi SMA Negeri di Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan  bersifat kasus, pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara tertutup dan terbuka, dan analisis data  menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian  disimpulkan bahwa kurikulum  Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES, masih relevan dengan materi pembelajaran Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang diajarakan di SMA. Saran yang diajukan adalah: perlu diselenggarakan penataran-penataran/diklat-diklat peningkatan penguasaan materi pembelajaran Sosiologi dan Antropologi bagi guru-guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang bukan berlatar belakang Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi. Pengangkatan CPNS Guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi perlu diprioritaskan dari lulusan Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi. Pengembangan kurikulum Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi tetap mengacu pada relevansinya dengan kebutuhan di lapangan.Sociology and Anthropology instructional materials taught in high school are constantly changing, though the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology FIS Unnes does not change much. In this study, the author discusses the relevance of the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology of Education Unnes FIS to the needs of teaching for teachers of Sociology and Anthropology Senior high school in Central Java. The method used in this study is a qualitative approach using descriptive methods. Based on the results of the study it is concluded that the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology

  19. ANALISIS KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU ADMINISTRASI PERKANTORAN DALAM PROSES PEMBELAJARAN DI SMK TAMTAMA PREMBUN KABUPATEN KEBUMEN

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    Diah Ayu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dalam penelitian ini untuk menganalisis dan mendeskripsikan: 1 Kompetensi profesional guru administrasi perkantoran dalam proses pembelajaran, 2 Penerapan kompetensi profesional guru administrasi perkantoran dalam proses pembelajaran. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif persentase. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa X, XI, XII program keahlian Administrasi Perkantoran. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan rumus Slovin diperoleh sampel sejumlah 60 siswa. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kompetensi profesional guru administrasi perkantoran dalam proses pembelajaran menunjukkan bahwa 76% dalam kriteria baik. Guru sudah menerapkan kompetensi profesional dalam proses pembelajaran dari indikator keterampilan membuka dan menutup pelajaran sebesar 73% dalam kriteria baik. Indikator keterampilan menjelaskan sebesar 83% dalam kriteria sangat baik. Indikator keterampilan bertanya sebesar 78% dalam kriteria baik. Indikator keterampilan memberi penguatan sebesar 70% dalam kriteria baik. Indikator keterampilan menggunakan media pembelajaran sebesar 63% dalam kriteria baik. Indikator membimbing diskusi kelompok sebesar 81% dalam kriteria baik. Indikator keterampilan mengelola kelas sebesar 85% dalam kriteria sangat baik. Indikator keterampilan mengadakan variasi sebesar 80% dalam kriteria baik. Indikator keterampilan mengajar perorangan dan kelompok kecil sebesar 75% dalam kriteria baik. The purpose of this research is to analyze and describe: 1 teacher's professional competence of the administrative offices in the learning process in vocational Enlisted Prembun Kebumen, (2 Is the professional competence of teachers office administration already applied in the process of learning in vocational Enlisted Prembun Kebumen. The population is students of class X, XI, XII Administrative skills program

  20. PENGARUH PEMAHAMAN KURIKULUM, SUPERVISI AKADEMIK, DAN FASILITAS KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU EKONOMI SMA/MA NEGERI DI KOTA MAGELANG

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    Oky Estiana Putri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Pada era globalisasi dewasa ini pendidikan menjadi sangatpenting. Bekal pendidikan yang dimiliki suatu masyarakat akan berkembang secara baik, dan tidak dapat dipungkiri masyarakat tersebut semakin berkualitas sertamampu bersaing secara kompetitif di era persaingan yang semakin ketat. Dalam suasana kompetitif semacam ini diperlukan sumber daya yang berkualitas. Untuk menciptakan sumber daya berkualitas diperlukan pendidik yang profesional. Keprofesionalan seorang pendidik dapat dilihat melalui kinerjanya yang baik. Kondisi di lapangan, kinerja guru di Kota Magelang masih belum optimal. Populasi penelitian ini adalah guru mata pelajaran Ekonomi/Akuntasi SMA/MA Negeri di Kota Magelang yang berjumlah 30 orang. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman kurikulum, supervisi akademik, dan fasilitas kerja berpengaruh secara simultan terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 82,8%. Pengaruh secara parsial juga didapatkan pada variable independen terhadap variabel dependen. Pemahaman kurikulum berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru ekonomi SMA/MA Negeri sebesar 24,70%. Supervisi akademik berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru ekonomi SMA/MA Negeri sebesar 19,54%, serta fasilitas kerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 23,42%. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah para guru hendaknya lebih meningkatkan pemahaman kurikulum supaya kinerjanya semakin baik. Bagi kepala sekolah hendaknya lebih memperhatikan lagi guru-guru dengan kegiatan supervisi akademik, dengan merasa diperhatikan, mendapat dorongan dan bantuan dari kepala sekolah guru akan lebih berusaha meningkatkan kinerjanya menjadi semakin baik. Sekolah hendaknya menyediakan fasilitas kerja yang lebih baik lagi, nyaman dan lengkap supaya guru merasa puas dan kinerjanya akan semakin baik. In the era of globalization

  1. KONTRIBUSI PELATIHAN GURU, IKLIM ORGANISASI DAN PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG KETERAMPILAN MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN GURU DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SMKN KOTA SEMARANG

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    Aris Suparno

    2015-07-01

    about managerial skill of headmaster towards teacher skill in learning activity at SMK N in Semarang, it is shown by significant value = 0,000 < 0, 05 with effective contribution that is given to teacher skill in learning activity counted 8,14%. Result of classical assumption test shows that regression model is not experience of classic assumption problem or diffraction, so that expressed BLUE (best, linear, unbiased, estimator. The Most Impact given by the organizational climate variables in learning skill teacher at SMK Negeri Semarang as indicated by an effective contribution amounting to 16,87 %.

  2. EKSISTENSI SD GMIT DI ROTE NDAO (Studi Deskriptif Penempatan Guru PNS pada SD GMIT Rote Ndao-NTT

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    Melki Manafe

    2013-12-01

    berasal dari Negara. Hasil-hasil inimenempatkan SD GMIT di Rote Ndao pada status quasistate school dimana SD GMIT adalah milik GMIT akan tetapi semua operasional (subsidi pendidikan dan sumber daya manusia/guru selalu bergantung pada Negara.

  3. Impacts of Interactive Stratospheric Chemistry on Antarctic and Southern Ocean Climate Change in the Goddard Earth Observing System Version 5 (GEOS-5)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Feng; Vikhliaev, Yury V.; Newman, Paul A.; Pawson, Steven; Perlwitz, Judith; Waugh, Darryn W.; Douglass, Anne R.

    2016-01-01

    Stratospheric ozone depletion plays a major role in driving climate change in the Southern Hemisphere. To date, many climate models prescribe the stratospheric ozone layer's evolution using monthly and zonally averaged ozone fields. However, the prescribed ozone underestimates Antarctic ozone depletion and lacks zonal asymmetries. In this study we investigate the impact of using interactive stratospheric chemistry instead of prescribed ozone on climate change simulations of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean. Two sets of 1960-2010 ensemble transient simulations are conducted with the coupled ocean version of the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, version 5: one with interactive stratospheric chemistry and the other with prescribed ozone derived from the same interactive simulations. The model's climatology is evaluated using observations and reanalysis. Comparison of the 1979-2010 climate trends between these two simulations reveals that interactive chemistry has important effects on climate change not only in the Antarctic stratosphere, troposphere, and surface, but also in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic sea ice. Interactive chemistry causes stronger Antarctic lower stratosphere cooling and circumpolar westerly acceleration during November-December-January. It enhances stratosphere-troposphere coupling and leads to significantly larger tropospheric and surface westerly changes. The significantly stronger surface wind stress trends cause larger increases of the Southern Ocean Meridional Overturning Circulation, leading to year-round stronger ocean warming near the surface and enhanced Antarctic sea ice decrease.

  4. Cultural Aspects in the Shona Monolingual Dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona*

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    Nomalanga Mpofu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: In the compilation of dictionaries, lexicographers also take cognisance of the culture which is inherent in a language. This article will look at the way the cultural aspect is interwoven in the practice of dictionary making. Language is at the core of culture and it is the major vehicle for the transmission of a people's beliefs and values. Language is also an expression of social struc-tures and attitudes. No culture can exist which does not have a natural language at its centre. A language thus reflects a particular culture. Culture in this article will be taken to mean whatever a person must know in order to function in a particular society (Wardhaugh 1998: 215. The article will look at two aspects: (1 the interrelationship between language and culture and its bearing on lexicography; and (2 the treatment of cultural aspects in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona (2001. Examples used in this article are drawn from the advanced Shona monolingual dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona, and other Shona dictionaries, both monolingual and bilingual.

    Keywords: CULTURAL COMPETENCE, CULTURAL ASPECTS, CULTURAL MEANING, CULTURE, DICTIONARY, EUPHEMISM, EXTENDED MEANING, IDIOM, LEXICOGRAPHY, PROVERBS, SHONA, SHONA SOCIETY, TABOO

    Opsomming: Kulturele aspekte in die Sjona- eentalige woordeboek. By die samestelling van woordeboeke neem leksikograwe ook kennis van die kultuur wat inherent aan 'n taal is. Hierdie artikel sal kyk na die manier waarop die kulturele aspek verweef is met die praktyk van woordeboekmaak. Taal lê aan die kern van kultuur en dit is die hoofmedium vir die oordrag van 'n volk se opvattings en waardes. Taal is ook 'n uitdrukking van sosiale strukture en houdings. Geen kultuur kan bestaan wat nie 'n natuurlike taal as middelpunt het nie. 'n Taal weerspieël gevolglik 'n bepaalde kultuur. Kultuur in hierdie artikel sal verstaan word om alles te beteken wat 'n persoon moet weet om in 'n betrokke maatskappy te funksioneer

  5. PENGARUH PERANAN GURU, FASILITAS PERPUSTAKAAN, DAN PELAYANAN PUSTAKAWAN TERHADAP MINAT MEMBACA DI PERPUSTAKAAN

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    Ekasari Prastia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Minat membaca dapat mempengaruhi kualitas pencapaian hasil belajar siswa dalam bidang-bidang studi tertentu seperti halnya membaca. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini diketahui bahwa cukup rendahnya minat membaca di perpustakaan bagi siswa SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Hal ini dilihat dari jumlah pengunjung, peminjam buku dan daftar pembaca di perpustakaan SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adakah pengaruh peranan guru, fasilitas perpustakaan dan pelayanan pustakawan terhadap minat membaca di perpustakaan bagi siswa kelas XI SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kuantitatif. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket. Metode analisis data menggunakan regresi linear berganda, uji asumsi klasik, uji hipotesis dan analisis deskriptif. Uji keberartian persamaan regresi dilihat dari uji F hitung = 47,074 dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,000 < 0,05 sehingga diperoleh hasil analisis regresi linier berganda dengan persamaan Y= 10,165+ 0,533X1 + 0,079X2 + 0,053X3+ e. Besarnya pengaruh secara simultan antara pengaruh peranan guru, fasilitas perpustakaan, dan pelayanan pustakawan terhadap minat membaca sebesar 64.4%. Pengaruh secara parsial variabel peranan guru terhadap minat membaca yaitu 83%, fasilitas perpustakaan yaitu 80%, sedangkan pelayanan pustakawan yaitu 66%. Interest as understood and used by people during this time may affect the quality of student achievement in specific areas of study as well as reading . The problem in this research note that the relatively low interest in reading in the library for students of SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. It is seen from the number of visitors , the borrower's books and readers in the library list SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. This study aims to know is there any influence of the role of teachers , library facilities and services librarians to interest in reading in the library for students of classes XI SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga .This study includes quantitative research. Methods of

  6. KOMPETENSI KEPRIBADIAN GURU PAI DALAM MEMOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA

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    Benny Prasetya

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Personality of a teacher should be a role model for students. This is because the personality of the teacher have direct and cumulative effect on student behavior. Behavior of the teacher in teaching directly or indirectly have an influence on student’s motivation either positive or negative in nature, means that, if the teacher's personality displayed in accordance with the expectations of student teaching, students will be motivated to learn well.

  7. Peran Guru dalam Membangun Kesadaran Berkonstitusi Melalui Pembelajaran Konstruktif

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    Lilik Lilik

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge, understanding, and the truth of action is important and necessary to be taught and planted from early age. The learners (students as the subject of learning process are hoped to have constitution concept and able to develop the life pattern culturally. The teacher as the front liner or the lance-point of learning process has a very strategic contribution to develop it. Therefore, the approach used in learning process done by the teacher should combine among knowledge, understanding, and the truth of action. In accordance with those statements above, the model of learning process should reveal any parts of constitution from each subject; describe the facts about constitution problem from every relevant basic competence; study the basic concept of today constitution; and build a certain action/manner of constitution awareness individually or in group. The model of learning process certainly can build the awareness of constitution by applying study of constructive analysis. Generally, the purpose of this writing is to encourage the constitution awareness related to the application of constructive analysis. Moreover, specifically the purpose of this writing is to build the knowledge of constitution, increase the constitution understanding, analyze the truth of constitution action, and encourage the constitution awareness by studying constructive analysis.

  8. Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Keterampilan Guru Sebagai Prevensi terhadap Kekerasan Seksual Pada Anak

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    Mentari Marwa

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the provision of child protection training at the elementary school teachers as primary prevention of child sexual abuse to increase knowledge, attitudes and skills to convey information in Tulungagung, East Java. The research method using untreated control group design with pre-test and post-test. There are 21 elementary school teachers who are involved in the research. The instrument used was a questionnaire, observation. Test Mann Whitney U-test to test for differences in gain score the experimental group and the control group. The results showed no significant effect giving child protection programs against KSA by Guru to the increase of knowledge, attitudes, and skills of teachers as primary prevention of sexual assault at elementary school children in Tulungagung, East Java, as indicated by the results of Mann Whitney p value below a significant level 0,05 (p <0.05

  9. KENDALA GURU DALAM INTERNALISASI NILAI KARAKTER PADA PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH

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    Tsabit Azinar Ahmad

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This research describes character educational values and their constraints in internalize it on learning history at senior high school. Interview and document studies were used to collect information. Interactive model of data analyze were chosen in this research consist of several stages, i.e. data reduction, data display, and conclusion. Result of study shown internalization of character values are necessity. It caused learning history potentially become a media for values transmission through historical event and exemplary of heroes. Nevertheless, there was several constaints in internalization of character values. It appears in teachers' understanding, students’ attitude, learning practice, and school culture does not support character education optimally. For that, there need sustainable effort, teachers’ creativity to instill character and exemplary in learning process in order to achieve internalization of values work optimally. Keywords: teachers’ constaints, character education, learning history

  10. STRES KERJA GURU PEREMPUAN DI KECAMATAN KASIHAN BANTUL YOGYAKARTA

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    Akif Khilmiyah

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to reveal the working stress of female teachers in Kasihan Bantul Yogyakarta. The research type was qualitative descriptive research with phenomenological paradigm, ethnographic model, and cultural-psychological approach. The research method was depth interview. The research subjects were female married teachers who had children and experienced work-ing stress. The results: first, the women became teachers because of self-actual-ization, socialization, income and happiness. Second, the forms of stress; physical and psychological. Third, cause of stress; (1 simultaneous tasks of home and office, (2 strict discipline, (3 career demand, (4 picking up the child, (5 having a baby, (6 authoritarian boss, (7 uncomfortable office environment, (8 job position promotion. Fourth, gender inequality factors: (1 double burden, (2 being degraded (3 irrational assumption to female teachers, (4 psychological violence or verbal abuse (5 marginalization. Fifth, solution: (1 mutual respect (2 patient, open, responsible, caring, or avoidance of closeness to the hard and painful character, (3 still working in mild pain and just confiding to close friend, but asking permission when having ill, (5 making a priority job.

  11. Fungsi Manajemen Kepala Sekolah, Motivasi, dan Kinerja Guru

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    Rita Lisnawati

    2018-01-01

    Nowadays, there are many competitions in the world of education. Output which is generated by school should be in accordance with national education goals. Principal as the manager plays an important role in creating the goals. In addition, teachers are also expected not only to transfer knowledge but also to provide the maximum performance. In order to make teachers achieve maximum performance, they must be driven by high motivation. This research aims to find out how is the function level of principal management, motivation and performance of teacher and how big is the influence of teacher motivation on teacher performance.The technique of data collection is using a questionnaire which is spread to respondents, observations, interviews, and documentation. Responses were measured by questionnaire is adapted to 4 Likert scale. The test of validity is using Pearson Product Moment. The analysis technique which is used to answer the research questions is using the descriptive statistical analysis, while to answer the research hypothesis related to the motivation of teachers and teacher performance  is using Simple Linear Regression Inferential Analysis. The results showed that: 1 The level of function of principal management is in high category with an average value of respondents amounted to 72.92. 2 The level of teacher motivation inferentially is in high category with an average score of 60 < μ ≤ 80. 3 The level of teacher performance inferentially is in high category with an average score of 60 < μ ≤ 80. 4 The motivation of teachers affects the performance of teachers with determination coefficient of linear regression models by 68.82%.

  12. IbM PENGEMBANGAN KEPROFESIAN BERKELANJUTAN (PKB GURU-GURU MIM WILAYAH NGAWEN DAN KLATEN UTARA BERBASIS KURIKULUM 2013

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    Laili Etika Rahmawati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The society service has aimed at accompanying the teachers on understanding and conducting the program of sustainable professionalism development (PKB based on curriculum 2013. When the society service program has finished conducted, it is expected to acquire the four goals as follow: (1 the emergence of a professional teacher group and acquire the teaching competence by implementing the active learning strategy with scientific approach based on curriculum 2013; (2 the learning devices based on curriculum 2013; (3 the research proposal is classroom action research; and (4 the scientific publication article. The method applied in the society service program was conducted with the same model as the PLPG program conducted but the program implementation was simpler or could be called as mini PLPG. The program activity was beginned by deepening of material activity which related to the concept of PKB and the concept of curriculum 2013. The concept of PKB emphasized on three points that should be developed by the teachers, they were the self development, scientific publication, and innovative work. The concept of curriculum 2013 has priority on the changing understanding of the paradigm and the basic concept of curriculum structure, the prominent were about the core and the basic competences. After the deepening materials which conducted in the first phase has finished, the activity then continued by the workshop of the learning devices which emphasized on the concept of scientific approach, the active learning, and the authentic assessment which followed by peer teaching activity. The worshop activity of learning devices was conducted by facilitating the teachers in arranging the learning scenario based on the materials determined. The peer teaching activity was conducted by divide the participants into some groups to conduct the teaching practice by turns and apply the scientific approach. The third phase was the arranging the academic writing, and

  13. An Advanced Dictionary? Similarities and Differences between Duramazwi ReChiShona and Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona *

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    Emmanuel Chabata

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: In this article a comparative analysis of Duramazwi ReChiShona (DRC and Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona (DGC is made. Both DRC and DGC are monolingual Shona dictionaries compiled by a team of researchers under the African Languages Lexical (ALLEX Project, now the African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. During the compilation process, DRC was known as the General Shona Dictionary and DGC as the Advanced Shona Dictionary. A simple analysis of these titles shows that the dictionaries are similar in some ways and also different in others. The writer tries to show the ways in which DGC is regarded as a more advanced dictionary when compared to DRC. Although the argument of the article is mainly built on those differences which make DGC the more advanced, attention is also paid to the similarities between the dictionaries.

    Keywords: ALLEX PROJECT, ALRI, DURAMAZWI RECHISHONA, DURAMAZWI GURU RECHISHONA, DICTIONARY, SHONA, HEADWORD, SENSE, MONOLINGUAL DICTIONARY, CORPUS, IDIOM, PROVERB, PITHY SAYING

    Opsomming: 'n Gevorderde woordeboek? Ooreenkomste en verskille tussen Duramazwi ReChiShona en Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona. In hierdie artikel word 'n vergelykende ontleding van Duramazwi ReChiShona (DRC en Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona (DGC gemaak. Sowel die DRC en DGC is eentalige Sjonawoordeboeke, saamgestel deur ?n span navorsers by die African Languages Lexical (ALLEX Project, tans die African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. Gedurende die samestellingsproses was DRC bekend as die Algemene Sjonawoordeboek en DGC as die Gevorderde Sjonawoordeboek. 'n Eenvoudige ontleding van hierdie titels toon dat die woordeboeke op sommige maniere eenders en op ander ook verskillend is. Die skrywer probeer die maniere aantoon waarop DGC beskou word as 'n meer gevorderde woordeboek wanneer dit met DRC vergelyk word. Alhoewel die argument van die artikel hoofsaaklik gebou is op daardie verskille wat DGC die gevorderdste maak, word ook aandag gegee aan

  14. The User Perspective in Lexicography: The Lemmatisation of Fixed Expressions in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona

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    Nomalanga Mpofu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: The article discusses the user perspective and information retrieval in relation to the lemmatisation of specific multi-word lexical units, namely fixed expressions, in the Shona monolingual dictionary, Duramazwi Guru reChiShona. It shows that the decisions arrived at in lemmatising fixed expressions were influenced by a user-driven approach. The article gives a comparative analysis of how fixed expressions were treated in previous Shona dictionaries and how they were subsequently dealt with in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona. Previous dictionaries have grappled with the problem of giving fixed expressions as run-on entries. Against the background of the user perspective, it will be argued that the lemmatisation of fixed expressions in monolingual dictionaries has certain advantages over previously used strategies.

    Keywords: FIXED EXPRESSION, HEADWORD, IDIOM, INTENDED USER, LEMMA, LEMMATISATION, MACROSTRUCTURE, MICROSTRUCTURE, MULTI-WORD LEXICAL UNIT, PITHY SAYING, PROVERB, RUN-ON ENTRY, USER, USER-FRIENDLY, USER PERSPECTIVE

    Opsomming: Die gebruikersperspektief in die leksikografie: Die lemma-tisering van vaste uitdrukkings in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona. Die artikel bespreek die gebruikersperspektief en inligtingsherwinning met betrekking tot die lemmatisering van spesifieke meerwoordige leksikale eenhede, naamlik vaste uitdrukkings, in die Sjona- eentalige woordeboek Duramazwi Guru reChiShona. Dit toon dat die besluite waartoe gekom is by die lem-matisering van vaste uitdrukkings beïnvloed is deur 'n gebruikersgedrewe benadering. Die artikel gee 'n vergelykende ontleding van hoe vaste uitdrukkings in vorige Sjonawoordeboeke bewerk is en hoe hulle vervolgens in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona behandel is. Vorige woordeboeke het met die probleem geworstel om vaste uitdrukkings as deurloopinskrywings te gee. Teen die agtergrond van die gebruikersperspektief word aangevoer dat die lemmatisering van vaste uitdrukkings in eentalige

  15. PENGARUH PENGALAMAN MENGAJAR DAN ETOS KERJA TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU PRODUKTIF PEMASARAN SMK BISNIS DAN MANAJEMEN DI KOTA SEMARANG

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    Nida Aulia

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK merupakan salah satu lembaga pendidikan formal bertujuan mempersiapkan lulusan untuk masuk ke dunia kerja. Berdasarkan hasil observasi awal menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kompetensi guru produktif pemasaran masih kurang baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 50 guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode dokumentasi dan kuesioner. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini adalah (1 ada pengaruh pengalaman mengajar terhadap kompetensi profesional sebesar 17,47%, (2 ada pengaruh etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional sebesar 18,31% dan (3 ada pengaruh antara pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang secara simultan sebesar 59,5%. Hasil persamaan regresi diperoleh Y = 4,823 + 0,277X1 + 0,660X2. Kesimpulan penelitian ini yaitu, ada pengaruh yang positif dan signifikan antara pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Vocational High School (SMK is one of the formal educational institutions aimed at preparing graduates to enter the workforce. Based on the results of preliminary observations indicate that the level of competence of teachers of productive marketing is still not good. This study aimed to analyze the influence of teaching experience and work ethic to the professional competence of teachers of productive marketing vocational high school Binis and management in Semarang. either partially or simultaneously. the population of this research is 50 teachers of productive marketing vocational

  16. EFIKASI DIRI, KEPUASAN KERJA, DAN ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR PADA GURU MAN DI SULAWESI

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    Ulfiani Rahman

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Ada  tiga  tujuan  penelitian  ini  yaitu  untuk  mengetahui  hubungan  antara  efikasi diri dengan perilaku organisasi, hubungan antara kepuasan kerja dengan perila- ku kerja organisasi dan peranan kepuasan kerja sebagai mediator dalam hubung- an antara efikasi diri dengan perilku kerja organisasi. Ada tiga skala yang digu- nakan dalam penelitian ini, yakni skala perilaku kerja organisasi, skala efikasi diri guru,  dan  angket  kepuasan  Minnesta.  Penelitian  ini  dilaksanakan  di  11  sekolah agama  yang  berlokasi  di  bagian  Utara,  Timur,  Selatan,  Barat,  dan  Tengah provinsi  Sulawesi  Selatan.  Sampel  terdiri  dari  208  guru.  Hasil  penelitian  ini menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan positif dan signifikan antara efikasi diri dan perilaku  kerja  organisasi.  Hasil  penelitian  ini  juga  menunjukkan  bahwa  ada hubungan  positif  dan  signifikan  antara  kepuasan  kerja  dengan  perilaku  kerja organisasi.  Ada  peranan  kepuasan  kerja  dalam  hubungan  antara  efikasi  diri dengan  perilaku  kerja  organisasi.  Hal  ini  berarti  bahwa  efikasi  diri  mempe- ngaruhi  perilaku  kerja  organisasi  guru  di  MAN  dimana  kepuasan  kerja  sebagai mediasi.  Abstract : There are three objectives in this study namely to know the relationship between self efficacy and  organizational citizenship  behavior, relationship between  job satis- faction  and  organizational  citizenship  behavior,  and  the  role  of  job  satisfaction  as mediator in the relationship between self efficacy and organizational citizenship be- havior (OCB. There are three scales used in this research which are organizationnal citizenship  behavior  scale,  teacher  self  efficacy,  and  minnesta  satisfaction  ques- tionnaire. The study was conducted on 11 religious schools located in a portion of North, East, South, West, and the Middle of South

  17. Peningkatan Kemampuan Problem Solving Mahasiswa Sebagai Calon Guru Fisika Menggunakan Socratic Dialogue

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    Nurita Apridiana Lestari

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Mastery of the concepts of physics students can be measured by its ability to solve the problems of physics. Problem solving ability is one component that must be owned by the students as a physics teacher candidates. Based on the results of initial observations, it is known that the problem solving ability of students is still low, especially associated with the use of physics concepts to solve problems. Therefore, the ability of problem solving should be trained in teaching as a form of scaffolding for students. Scaffolding can be done through the method of Socratic dialogue which is the provision of structured questions to help students find answers to the problems of physics using the right concept. This type of research is the Classroom Action Research  with two cycles were performed on physics student teachers in the subjects Physics 1 with a fluid material. Improved problem solving ability was measured using test items at the end of the cycle. The results qualitatively show their developments and increased activity in the classroom compared to learning before the action. These results are supported quantitatively by an increase in average test scores of the first cycle of 70.00 into 75.86 in the second cycle. Keywords: problem solving, socratic dialogue Penguasaan konsep fisika mahasiswa dapat diukur dari kemampuannya dalam memecahkan permasalahan fisika (problem solving. Kemampuan problem solving merupakan salah satu komponen yang harus dimiliki oleh mahasiswa sebagai calon guru fisika. Berdasarkan hasil observasi awal, diketahui bahwa kemampuan problem solving mahasiswa masih rendah, khususnya terkait dengan penggunaan konsep fisika untuk memecahkan masalah. Oleh karena itu, kemampuan problem solving perlu dilatihkan dalam pembelajaran sebagai bentuk scaffolding bagi mahasiswa. Scaffolding dapat dilakukan melalui metode socratic dialogue yang merupakan pemberian pertanyaan terstruktur untuk membantu mahasiswa menemukan jawaban

  18. PERSEPSI DAN SIKAP GURU TENTANG PENDAYAGUNAAN MEDIA JEJARING SOSIAL DALAM PEMBELAJARAN

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    Aditya Chandra Setiawan

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the phenomenon in the 20th century that is currently being discussed is about emerging and the development of many social networking media. The media is now a trend all over among the people regardless of age, it is because social networking media provides convenience services in communicating, in particular interact and share information between human. If associated in the context of education, then social networking media to be one of the means of communication that can be utilized in the process of education management and learning for teachers. Salah satu fenomena pada abad ke-20 yang saat ini sedang ramai diperbincangkan adalah tentang berkembangnya media jejaring sosial. Media tersebut kini menjadi trend di seluruh kalangan masyarakat tanpa memandang usia, hal itu dikarenakan media jejaring sosial memberikan kemudahan layanan dalam berkomunikasi, khususnya berinteraksi dan berbagi informasi antar manusia. Jika dikaitkan dalam konteks pendidikan, maka media jejaring sosial menjadi salah satu sarana komunikasi yang dapat dimanfaatkan dalam proses manajemen pendidikan dan pembelajaran bagi guru. Pemanfaatan media tersebut tentu memiliki dampak positif dan negatif yang dapat memengaruhi keberhasilan lembaga pendidikan dalam mencapai tujuan.

  19. PEMETAAN KOMPETENSI, SIKAP, TANGGUNG JAWAB, DAN JUMLAH JAM GURU BERSERTIFIKAT PENDIDIK DALAM MENGELOLA PEMBELAJARAN DI SMK

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    Hari Amanto

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Competency, Attitude, Responsibility, and Number of Hours of Educator Cer­­­­t­i­­fied Teachers on Managing Learning in SMK.The objective of this research is to des­cribe the competency, attitude, responsibility, and number of hours of educator cer­­tified teachers on managing learning in public vocational high school in Malang. This research employs a descriptive-quantitative approach. The research sub­jects are the educator certified teachers in SMKN Malang area. The instruments used to collect data are observation sheet, questionnaire, and documentation. Data is analyzed using per­cen­tag­e. The re­sults of this research show that: (1 the profiles of pedagogical com­pe­tency, attitude, so­­cial, and pro­fessional variables are categorized as competent, (2 the profiles of cog­nitive, and conative attitude are categorized as good, (3 affective attitude is ca­te­go­ri­z­­ed as ve­ry good, (4 the responsibility on applying the curriculum development is categorized as very high, (5 the performance of learning process is categorized as very high, (6 the process of conceling students ca­te­go­ry ve­­ry high, and (7 the total number of managing learn­­ing ho­urs is ca­t­egorized as qualified.   Tujuan penelitian ini un­tuk mendeskripsikan kompetensi, sikap, tang­gung jawab, dan jumlah jam guru bersertifikat pendidik dalam me­nge­lola pembelajaran pada SMK Negeri se-Malang Raya. Pe­nelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian des­krip­­tif kuantitatif, dengan subjek pe­ne­litian guru bersertifikat pendidik SMKN se-Ma­lang Raya. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah lembar pengamatan, angket dan dokumentasi. Data di­ana­lisis dengan persentase. Hasil penelitian me­nun­juk­­­­kan bahwa: (1 kompetensi pe­da­­gogik, kepribadian, sosial, dan profesional ma­suk kate­­­gori kompeten, (2 sikap kog­ni­tif, konatif kategori baik, (3 sikap afektif kategori sangat baik, (4 tanggung jawab

  20. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

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    S. E. Nugroho

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan real-worlds yang menyangkut konsep dasar medan dan memerlukan jawaban secara spontan. Hasil studi inimenunjukan bahwa (1 struktur konsep mahasiswa mengenai medan elektrostatik pada umumnya mengalami fragmentasi; (2mahasiswa mengalami kerancuan dalam memahami konsep medan elektrostatik; (3 Pada umumnya, mahasiswa masihberlandaskan konsep gaya dalam memahami tentang medan. The purpose of this research is to explore the concept structure of electrostatics field of teacher candidate student. In thisexperiment, we used thinks-aloud method and varied by others (interview, discussion and written-test. Respondent consisted ofeight students of second semester passing Basic Physics subject as the first group and nine students of sixth semester passingelectricity and magnetism subject as the second group. On these students the real world questions related to concept of field andneeded spontaneous answer are asked. The study result shows that (1 in general the concept structure of electrostatics field ofstudents undergoes fragmenting process; (2 the students experience contamination in understanding the electrostatics fieldconcept, and (3 in general the students are still based on the force concept in understanding the field.Keywords: framing analysis, teacher candidate student, concept structure

  1. A PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING MODEL IN BIOLOGY EDUCATION COURSES TO DEVELOP INQUIRY TEACHING COMPETENCY OF PRESERVICE TEACHERS

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    Diah Aryulina

    2016-02-01

    MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH PADA MATAKULIAH PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN KOMPETENSI PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI Abstrak: Tujuan tahap awal penelitian pengembangan ini adalah: 1 mengembangkan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah (PBM pada matakuliah pendidikan biologi, dan 2 memeroleh penilaian ahli terhadap ketepatan model PBM. Model PBM dikembangkan menggunakan pendekatan sistem desain instruksional berdasarkan analisis kebutuhan kompetensi guru biologi, serta kajian literatur mengenai ciri dan proses pembelajaran berbasis masalah. Evaluasi model PBM dilakukan oleh dua pakar pendidikan biologi. Selanjutnya data evaluasi dari pakar dianalisis secara deskriptif. Struktur model PBM yang dikembangkan pada matakuliah Strategi Pembelajaran Biologi, PPL I, dan PPL II terdiri atas tahap identifikasi masalah, perencanaan pemecahan masalah, pelaksanaan pemecahan masalah, penyajian hasil pemecahan masalah, dan refleksi pemecahan masalah. Kelima tahap tersebut dilaksanakan berulang dalam beberapa siklus selama semester. Hasil penilaian pakar menunjukkan bahwa model PBM sesuai dengan ciri pembelajaran berbasis masalah dan tepat digunakan untuk mengembangkan kompetensi pembelajaran inkuiri calon guru. Kata kunci: Model PBM, matakuliah pendidikan biologi, calon guru, kompetensi pembelajaran inkuiri

  2. Penerapan Model Beyond Centers and Circle Tme SD Kelas Satu

    OpenAIRE

    FITRIA, EVY

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian bertujuan mengkaji pelaksanaan penerapan model pembelajaran Sentra Model pembelajaran sentra (Beyond Centers and Circle Time) dilaksanakan pada siswa kelas satu SD Islam Jayawinata Kota Tangerang 2013. Penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatitf dengan analisis model Miles and Huberman. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa kegiatan SD kelas satu menggunakan model pembelajaran sentra atau BCCT pada tahun ajaran baru sehingga guru memiliki panduan ketika membuat rencana pembelajaran; p...

  3. Perilaku Bullying dan Peranan Guru BK/Konselor dalam Pengentasannya (Studi Deskriptif terhadap Siswa SMP Negeri 3 Lubuk Basung

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    Ilfajri Yenes

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Bullying merupakan suatu situasi di mana terjadinya penyalahgunaan kekuatan/kekuasaan yang dilakukan oleh seseorang/kelompok. Perilaku bullying merupakan  salah satu bentuk kekerasan dan agresif siswa di sekolah. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif yang bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan perilaku bullying yang ditampilkan siswa SMPN 3 Lubuk Basung dan peranan guru BK/konselor dalam pengentasannya. Populasi penelitian adalah siswa di SMP Negeri 3 Lubuk Basung berjumlah  564 orang dengan sampel 138 orang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik propotonal stratified random. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan angket. Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jenis perilaku bullying yang dominan terjadi yaitu menyakiti secara verbal dilanjutkan dengan menyakiti secara fisik kemudian menyakiti secara mental dengan faktor keluarga. Faktor teman sebaya merupakan faktor yang lebih dominan sebagai penyebab perilaku bullying siswa. Secara umum guru BK/konselor cukup berperan mengatasi perilaku bullyingdengan memberikan  layanan informasi sebagai layanan yang lebih dominan diberikan dilanjutkan dengan layanan bimbingan kelompok dan konseling kelompok serta pemberian layanan konseling individual.

  4. PERAN KELUARGA DAN GURU DALAM MEMBANGUN KARAKTER DAN KONSEP DIRI SISWA BROKEN HOME DI USIA SEKOLAH DASAR

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    Desy Irsalina Savitri

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe in depth observations on the role of the family and teachers in building the character of students broken home at primary school age. This study used a qualitative approach - a case study. Technique data collecting by interview and observation (at school and home visit in depth. Subjects of the study included two students broken home. This study menunjukkan that parents (mother and another family (grandparents, aunts, uncles that play a role in the child's everyday life. The results of this study are expected to package and represent the role of parents and teachers in building the character of students broken home. So as to cover all levels of students victims of a broken home. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan hasil pengamatan secara mendalam tentang peran keluarga dan guru dalam membangun karakter kepada siswa broken home di usia sekolah dasar. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif - studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan cara wawancara, dan observasi (di sekolah dan home visit secara mendalam. Subjek dari penelitian mencakup 2 siswa broken home. Penelitian ini menujnjukkan bahwa orangtua (ibu dan keluarga lain (kakek, nenek, bibi, paman yang berperan dalam keseharian anak. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan mampu mengemas dan mewakili peran orangtua dan guru dalam membangun karakter siswa broken home. Sehingga mampu mengcover semua lapisan siswa korban keluarga broken home.

  5. Peran dan Karya Roh Kudus serta Implikasinya terhadap Pengembangan Pribadi dan Kualitas Pengajaran Guru Kristen [Roles and Work of the Holy Spirit and the Implications for the Personal Development and Teaching Quality of Christian Teachers

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    Imanuel Adhitya Wulanata

    2018-01-01

    BAHASA INDONESIA ABSTRAK: Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk membahas peran dan karya Roh Kudus serta impilikasinya terhadap pengembangan pribadi dan kualitas pengajaran guru Kristen di era globalisasi. Tugas utama seorang guru dalam konteks pendidikan Kristen adalah membantu para siswa untuk belajar mengenal Allah di dalam Yesus Kristus dan melalui firman-Nya tersebut, mereka dapat bertumbuh dan menjadi serupa dengan Kristus dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Oleh sebab itu, penting sekali peran dan karya Roh Kudus sebagai Roh Hikmat untuk membantu guru Kristen membedakan antara kebenaran sejati dan kebenaran yang bersifat humanisme belaka. Dengan demikian, pengajaran yang disampaikan oleh guru Kristen tersebut tidak akan membawa para siswanya ke dalam hal-hal yang bersifat negatif pasca pengajaran, tetapi memberikan pengaruh positif terhadap perkembangan spiritual, karakter, intelegensi, dan perilaku mereka.

  6. Proses Individuasi Carl Gustav Jung pada Tokoh Erika Kohut dalam Novel Sang Guru Piano Karya Elfriede Jelinek

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    M. Oktavia Vidiyanti

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available A personality structure that appears in Erika is similar to one of an important part of Carl Gustav Jung psychology. Jung states that personality is a psiko that covers consciousness and unconsciousness. This psiko will develop to be a stable unity. If every system develops in every individual absolutely, so a health and integrated personality will be achieved. That process in Jung is known as a self­ individualized process. The aim of individualism is a self­achievement. Individual is not only as a psiko centre but also as a representation of the whole individual that unites consciousness and unconsciousness. It is like the character "Erika Kohut" in the novel "Sang Guru Piano".

  7. PENGGUNAAN BIOGRAFI TUAN GURU KIYAI HAJI MUHAMMAD ZAINUDDIN ABDUL MAJID DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH LOKAL DI MADRASAH ALIYAH NAHDLATUL WATHAN SENYIUR KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Afandi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini berjudul Penggunaan Biografi Tuan Guru Kiyai Haji Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Majid dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah Lokal di Madrasah Aliyah Nahdlatul Wathan Senyiur Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Salah satu tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat sejauh mana proses pembelajaran berangsung dan bagaimana dampaknya bagi siswa dalam rangka meningkatkan kreatifitas dan sikap nasionalisme siswa yang berlandaskan beberapa indikator yang peneliti sodorkan, misalnya 1 memiliki rasa bangga terhadap bangsa, 2 peduli terhadap nasib bangsa, 3 mempertahankan identitas atau jati diri sebagai bangsa timur, 4 menerima kemajemukan, 5 memiliki rasa keterpautan dan rasa memiliki (Sense of Belonging. Dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan menunjukkan bahwa aktifitas siswa di dalam kelas selama proses pembelajaran mengalami peningkatan secara signifikan. Hal tersebut terlihat dari proses tanya jawab selama proses pembelajaran berlangsung. Salah satu kendala dalam pembelajaran ini adalah terkait minimnya sumber-sumber pendukung pembelajran, misalnya buku maupun literatur-literatur yang membahas tentang tokoh Tuan Guru Haji Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Majid. Kata kunci: biografi, pembelajaran Sejarah.

  8. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN KINERJA GURU (STUDI MULTI KASUS DI PAUD ISLAM SABILILLAH DAN SDN TANJUNGSARI 1 KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Ramadoni

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to: (1 describe the leadership style of the principal in improving teacher performance; (2 describe the role of the school principal; (3 describe the factor endowments and a barrier in improving the performance of teachers; and (4 describe the effort completed the obstacle in improving the performance of the teacher in PAUD Islam Sabilillah and SDN 1 Tanjungsari District of Sidoarjo. This research uses descriptive qualitative approach with multi- case study design. The data in this research was obtained through in-depth interviews, observation, and study the documentation. Data analysis is divided into two stages, namely the individual data analysis and data analysis of cross cases. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mendeskripsikan gaya kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru; (2 mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah; (3 mendeskripsikan faktor pendukung dan penghambat dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru; dan (4 mendeskripsikan usaha menyelesaikan hambatan dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru di PAUD Islam Sabilillah dan SDN Tanjungsari 1 Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi kasus. Data dalam penelitian ini diperoleh melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi, dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data dibagi dalam dua tahap, yakni analisis data individu dan analisis data lintas kasus.

  9. Benchmark Comparison of Dual- and Quad-Core Processor Linux Clusters with Two Global Climate Modeling Workloads

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGalliard, James

    2008-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation details the science and systems environments that NASA High End computing program serves. Included is a discussion of the workload that is involved in the processing for the Global Climate Modeling. The Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) is a system of models integrated using the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF). The GEOS-5 system was used for the Benchmark tests, and the results of the tests are shown and discussed. Tests were also run for the Cubed Sphere system, results for these test are also shown.

  10. Pengembangan model tarian bonet untuk kebugaran jasmani dalam pembelajaran penjasorkes di sekolah dasar

    OpenAIRE

    Ramona Mathias Mae

    2017-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model tarian bonet untuk kebugaran jasmani dalam pembelajaran Penjasorkes di sekolah dasar (SD) yang layak digunakan guru sekolah dasar sebagai salah satu bentuk model pembelajaran Penjasorkes yang bervariasi dan menyenangkan. Penelitian pengembangan ini dilakukan dengan langkah-langkah penelitian sebagai berikut: (1) pengumpulan informasi di lapangan, (2) melakukan analisis terhadap informasi yang telah dikumpulkan, (3) mengembangkan produk awal (d...

  11. Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Guru dengan Motivasi Karir Sebagai Variabel Moderasi dan Kepuasan Karir Sebagai Variabel Mediasi pada YP IPPI [Effect of Job Satisfaction on Teacher Performance with Career Motivation as a Moderating Variable and Career Satisfaction as a Mediating Variable at the YP IPPI – Education Foundation/Indonesian Educational Development Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdy Ardiansyah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru dengan motivasi karir sebagai variabel moderasi dan kepuasan karir sebagai variabel mediasi pada YP IPPI, Disamping itu, penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh variabel moderasi motivasi karir dan variabel mediasi pada hubungan antara kepuasan kerja dan kinerja. Penelitian ini menyebarkan kuesioner kepada 74 guru dari total 208 guru di YP IPPI di Jakarta dan dilakukan dengan random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepuasan kerja berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja dengan dimediasi oleh kepuasan karir dan di moderasi oleh motivasi karir, namun temuan yang unik variabel moderasi motivasi karir memberikan dukungan pengaruh yang negatif pada guru-guru di sekolah tersebut.

  12. PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN KERJA DAN KOMPENSASI KERJA MELALUI MOTIVASI KERJA SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMA NEGERI 7 SEMARANG PADA TAHUN 2013/2014

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    Rahmawati Setia Utami

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh lingkungan kerja dan kompensasi kerja melalui motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMA Negeri 7 Semarang pada tahun 2013/2014 secara simultan maupun parsial. Populas penelitian ini adalah seluruh guru di SMA Negeri 7 Semarang, kemudian diambil sampel sejumlah 60 orang guru dengan teknik proposional random sample. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif, analisis regresi berganda, dan analisis jalur. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa Hasil uji simultan ( uji F diperoleh F hitung sebesar 5,174 dengan nilai signifikansi 0,003, karena nilai signifikansi jauh lebih kecil dari 0,05 maka Ho ditolak, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa hipotesis yang berbunyi ada pengaruh yang signifikan mengenai lingkungan kerja dan kompensasi kerja melalui motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru diterima. Uji parsial ( uji t berdasarkan pengujian diperoleh koefisien untuk variabel lingkungan kerja (X1 diperoleh t hitung = 1,622 dengan signifikansi 0,011 < 0,05, maka Ho ditolak. Hasil pengujian untuk variabel kompensasi kerja (X2 diperoleh t hitung = 2,641 dengan signifikansi 0,021 < 0,005, maka Ho ditolak. Sedangkan untuk variabel motivasi kerja (Y1 diperoleh t hitung = 1,940 dengan signifikansi =0,050. This study aims to investigate the work environment and the work compensation thourgh motivation to the teacher’s performance at SMA Negeri 7 in the academic year 2013/2014 Semarang with work motivation as intervening variabels there any simultaneous and partial. The population in the reasearch is all the teachers at SMA Negeri 7 Semarang amounting to 60 teachers and then samples of the variables use all the teachers with a proportional random sample technique. Methods of data collection using the documentation and questionnaires. Methods of data analysis using descriptive analysis , regression analysis, and path analysis. The results obtained F

  13. KONTRIBUSI DISIPLIN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP UNJUK KERJA GURU SMP NEGERI SSN DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

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    Nuk Isdiyati

    2015-07-01

    towards teacher performance at SMP N with National Standard School (SSN Semarang, this is indicated with the acquisition probability value <0.05 with the effective contribution counted 17.25% and the classical assumption test results showed that the regression model is not biased or problems of classical assumptions (normality, linearity, and multicollinearity that could otherwise BLUE (Best, Linear, Unbiased, Estimator.

  14. COLLABORATIVE RANKING TASKS (CRT BERBANTUAN e-LEARNING UNTUK MENINGKATAN KETERAMPILAN GENERIK SAINS MAHASISWA CALON GURU FISIKA

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    A. F.C. Wijaya

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Kurangnya kemampuan mahasiswa dalam proses membangun konsep dan keterampilan generik sains membuat kompetensi mereka tidaklah utuh sebagai calon guru. Collaborative Ranking Tasks (CRT sebagai format baru dari latihan konseptual dan dilakukan secara kolaboratif dan ditunjang multimedia pembelajaran dalam sistem managemen e-Learning diharapkan dapat menjadi solusinya. Penelitian kuasi eksperimen pada 120 mahasiswa perkuliahan IPBA semester genap 2010-2011 yang dipilih secara purposive sampling dan terbagi menjadi dua kelompok kontrol dan eksperimen, penerapan CRT berbantuan e-Learning diarahkan untuk mengetahui pengaruhnya terhadap penguasaan konsep dan keterampilan generik sains (KGS mereka. Dengan menggunakan instrumen pilihan ganda pada kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol, penguasaan konsep dan KGS mahasiswa dianalisis berdasarkan nilai rata-rata gain yang dinormalisasi mereka. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan penguasaan konsep pada kelompok eksperimen berbeda secara signifikan dibandingkan dengan peningkatan penguasaan konsep pada kelompok kontrol. Dengan demikian penerapan CRT berbantuan e-learning pada perkuliahan IPBA berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap peningkatan penguasaan konsep dan KGS mahasiswa. Lackof developing mastery concept and generic science skills of physics university students causes them as a prospective physics teacher having incomplete competence. Collaborative Ranking Tasks (CRTas a new form of conceptual exercise that is built collaborativelyby means of multimedia assistance hopefuly becomes the solution.By employing quasi-experimental research method, this study was aimed to investigate the effectiveness of CRT with e-Learning support system to improve university students’ mastery concepts and generic skills. The subjects of the study were 120 university students which were chosen through purposive sampling and divided into experimental group and control group. The research instruments were

  15. PENGARUH MOTIVASI BELAJAR DAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN IPS EKONOMI SISWA KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 3 MAGELANG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2011/2012

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    Yunik Sulistyowati,

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Prestasi belajar merupakan indikator yang penting untuk mengukur keberhasilan proses belajar mengajar. Prestasi belajar dipengaruhi oleh banyak faktor, di antaranya motivasi belajar dan kompetensi profesional guru. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah adakah pengaruh motivasi belajar dan kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar IPS ekonomi siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Magelang Tahun Ajaran 2011/2012 baik secara simultan maupun parsial.Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Magelang dengan sampel berjumlah 133 siswa. Variabel penelitian terdiri dari variabel bebas yaitu motivasi belajar (X1 dan kompetensi profesional guru (X2, dan variabel terikat yaitu prestasi belajar (Y. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian deskriptif persentase menunjukkan bahwa motivasi belajar siswa dalam kategori tinggi, kompetensi profesional guru� dalam kategori baik, dan prestasi belajar siswa dalam kategori tuntas. Hasil penelitian diperoleh persamaan regresi yaitu ?= 48,387 + 0,607(X1 + 0,101(X2. Dari hasil uji F diperoleh nilai signifikan sebesar 0,000 dan menunjukkan bahwa secara simultan ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara motivasi belajar dan kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar IPS ekonomi sebesar 47,7% sedangkan sisanya 52,3% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak dikaji dalam penelitian ini. Secara parsial menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh antara motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 22,09%, dan ada pengaruh kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 28,40%. Learning achievement is an indicator that it is important to measure the success of the process of teaching and learning. Learning achievement are influenced by many factors, such as learning motivation and teacher�s professional competence.The problem in this study is whether there is influence of learning motivation and teacher�s professional competence toward learning

  16. POLA PENGASUHAN DEMOKRATIS ORANG TUA DAN GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN DEMOKRATIS GURU SEBAGAI PREDIKTOR KECERDASAN EMOSIONAL SISWA

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Saman

    2018-01-01

    The objective of the study was to assess (1) descriptive about the students’ emotional intelligence, their perception towards democratic parenting  model and the teacher’s democratic leadership style; (2) the correlation between the democratic parenting model with the emotional intelligence; (3) the teachers’ democratic leadership style with emotional intelligence, and 4) the correlation between the democratic parenting model and the teachers’ democratic leadership style with the emotional in...

  17. POLA PENGASUHAN DEMOKRATIS ORANG TUA DAN GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN DEMOKRATIS GURU SEBAGAI PREDIKTOR KECERDASAN EMOSIONAL SISWA

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    Abdul Saman

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study was to assess (1 descriptive about the students’ emotional intelligence, their perception towards democratic parenting  model and the teacher’s democratic leadership style; (2 the correlation between the democratic parenting model with the emotional intelligence; (3 the teachers’ democratic leadership style with emotional intelligence, and 4 the correlation between the democratic parenting model and the teachers’ democratic leadership style with the emotional intelligence. The sample consisted  of 182 student of  SMA Negeri  2 Watampone, academic year 2007-2008, selected bay way of proporsional random sampling. The questionnaires to collect the data was designed to assess the perception about the democratic parenting by parents, the teachers’ democratic leadership style, and the emotional intelligence. The data were analyzed by employing the Simple Regression analysis technique for hypotesis one and two, and Multiple Regression for hypotesis three. The results of the correlation indicated (1 there was a significant correlation between emotional intelligence with the perception of democratic parenting model, (2 the emotional intelligence is significantly correlated with the perception obout the teacers’ democratic leadership style and (3 there was a significant correlation between the  perception obout the democratic parenting model and the perception obout the teachers’ democratic leadership style with emotional intelligence. The two predictors provided an effective contribution at 46 percent against the variation of criteria emotional intelligence.

  18. Assessing the Tangent Linear Behaviour of Common Tracer Transport Schemes and Their Use in a Linearised Atmospheric General Circulation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Daniel; Kent, James

    2015-01-01

    The linearity of a selection of common advection schemes is tested and examined with a view to their use in the tangent linear and adjoint versions of an atmospheric general circulation model. The schemes are tested within a simple offline one-dimensional periodic domain as well as using a simplified and complete configuration of the linearised version of NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5). All schemes which prevent the development of negative values and preserve the shape of the solution are confirmed to have nonlinear behaviour. The piecewise parabolic method (PPM) with certain flux limiters, including that used by default in GEOS-5, is found to support linear growth near the shocks. This property can cause the rapid development of unrealistically large perturbations within the tangent linear and adjoint models. It is shown that these schemes with flux limiters should not be used within the linearised version of a transport scheme. The results from tests using GEOS-5 show that the current default scheme (a version of PPM) is not suitable for the tangent linear and adjoint model, and that using a linear third-order scheme for the linearised model produces better behaviour. Using the third-order scheme for the linearised model improves the correlations between the linear and non-linear perturbation trajectories for cloud liquid water and cloud liquid ice in GEOS-5.

  19. MENINGKATKAN PROFESIONALISME GURU DALAM MELAKSANAKAN PEMBELAJARAN FISIKA MELALUI BIMBINGAN TEKNIK KERJA KELOMPOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Penjelasan .

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective in this research is to improve the professionalism ofteachers in implementing the guidance of physics learning through groupwork techniques in Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan. Thesubjects were high school physics teachers are included in Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan, amounting to 15 people. The research methodapplied is Action Research School through two cycles, with each cycleconsisting of planning, implementation, observation and reflection. Results ofdata analysis showed that (1 through the application of technical guidance tothe group work of teachers in the Physics Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan, their knowledge of the methods, strategies, models and learningapproach that includes the model of physics learning experience improvement.(2 There is an increase in the ability of physics teachers in Sub Rayon 05SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan in implementing models learning toimplement technical guidance group work. (3 Through the implementation oftechnical assistance work group, an increase in the ability of physics teachersin Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan in preparing lesson plan inaccordance with the model or learning strategies. (4 There is an increase inthe ability of physics teachers in Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut SeiTuan in making the assessment instrument.

  20. Pendekatan Pelatihan On-Site dan Step by Step untuk Optimalisasi Fungsi Guru dalam Pembelajaran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moch. Sholeh Y.A. Ichrom

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Remoteness of programme content from teachers' real work situation and unsuitability of approach employed were suspected as main reasons contributing to the failure of many inservise teacher training programmes. A step by step, onsite teacher training (SSOTT model was tried out in this experiment to study if the weakness of inservise programmes could be rectified. As it was tried out in relation with kindergarten mathemathics it was then called SSOTT-MTW (Step by Step Onsite Teacher Training-Methemathics Their Way model. Eighty four kindergartens were involved, in which 84 teachers and 877 pupils were recruited as experimental subjects. The teachers were devided into three group. One group was instructed by using One Period Teacher Training (OPOTT-MTW model, second group was trained with SSOTT-MTW model and the last group was given no training (NTT at all. Result of the experiment showed that the other groups. It was also shown that pupil and parents participation in teaching-learning activities also significantly improved.

  1. IBM PARENTING BAGI GURU DAN ORANG TUA PAUD DI KELURAHAN PUDAK PAYUNG SEMARANG

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    Retnaningdyastuti .

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Science and technology program for the community (IbM aims to provide teachers and parents knowledges and skills in educating early childhood, especially in the form of parenting and child counseling. The methods used in the implementation of community service activities on developing character of early childhood through modeling and and habituation in the form of counseling and mentoring, such as playing games involving both parents and children. The result shows that the implementation of early childhood education has good responses from the participants. Through habituation and modeling given by teachers/ educators and parents, the activities can convey moral messages to children. Hopefully the children can be developed to have intelligent and healthy personality, and virtuous character. Keywords: early childhood education, parenting, and child counseling

  2. Pendekatan Pelatihan On-Site dan Step by Step untuk Optimalisasi Fungsi Guru dalam Pembelajaran

    OpenAIRE

    Moch. Sholeh Y.A. Ichrom

    2016-01-01

    Remoteness of programme content from teachers' real work situation and unsuitability of approach employed were suspected as main reasons contributing to the failure of many inservise teacher training programmes. A step by step, onsite teacher training (SSOTT) model was tried out in this experiment to study if the weakness of inservise programmes could be rectified. As it was tried out in relation with kindergarten mathemathics it was then called SSOTT-MTW (Step by Step Onsite Teacher Training...

  3. Pendekatan Pelatihan On-Site Dan Step by Step Untuk Optimalisasi Fungsi Guru Dalam Pembelajaran

    OpenAIRE

    Ichrom, Moch. Sholeh Y.A

    1996-01-01

    Remoteness of programme content from teachers' real work situation and unsuitability of approach employed were suspected as main reasons contributing to the failure of many inservise teacher training programmes. A step by step, onsite teacher training (SSOTT) model was tried out in this experiment to study if the weakness of inservise programmes could be rectified. As it was tried out in relation with kindergarten mathemathics it was then called SSOTT-MTW (Step by Step Onsite Teacher Training...

  4. EFEKTIVITAS METODE P2R UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KECEPATAN EFEKTIF MEMBACA (KEM MAHASISWA CALON GURU BAHASA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurmina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Reading is one of language skill which is not less important compared with others language skill such as scrutinizing, speaking, and writing. In this era which technology is flaring and developing rapidly, the students are prefer to play facebook, twitter, chatting, and many more than read a journal or articles. This phenomenon shows that the interest to read among students is needed to be increased. One of the way that can be taken is by having skills to read quickly or is known by scanning with P2R method. The P2R method itself is one of method or strategy that can be used to increase reading skill. The P2R method consists of stages pra-peninjauan, membaca, dan meninjau that commonly used by the most of quick reader / scanner and efficient. This research is done to obtain data about the effective reading speed of student as Indonesian language teacher candidate and the effort of its increasing through the P2R method. The population of this research is all students on program of study Indonesian language and literature education and also area of Almuslim University as much 149 students. The sample of this research is 30% of the total population or as much 45 strudents of Indonesia Language teacher candidate of Almuslim University who are taken randomly. The type of research is experimental research (true experimental and quantitative approach with the model of research is pretest-post test control group model. The result of research shows that the P2R method is effective to be implemented to increase the effective reading speed of students as Indonesian language teacher candidate. FKIP is obtained by researcher. The posttest result shows that there was an increasing of KEM learning outcomes meanwhile the observation result was seems that in the learning with P2R model, the students were very enthusiasm, more active, also more motivated in attending the learning. Besides that, the result of questionnaires also shows that the P2R method obtained

  5. PERILAKU KEPEMIMPINAN, KETERAMPILAN MANAJERIAL, MANAJEMEN KONFLIK, DAYA TAHAN STRES, DAN KINERJA GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf Kempa

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Leadership, Managerial Skills, Conflict Management, Stress-resilience Capacity, and Teachers' Performance. This article described the correlation between leadership' behavior, manage­rial skill, management conflict, and durability of teachers' job with teachers'working performance. The population of the study is the state elementary teachers in Ambon, from 142 state elementary schools. Proportional random sampling  technique is used resulted in 332 subjects in this study. In collecting the data, the questionnairre is used as the instrument. Descriptive and Structural Equation Modeling  tech­niques are applied in analyzing the data. The result of descriptive analysis show that all the variables can be categoreized as good. In general, the result of SEM analysis can be described that there are  the positive and significant correlation between leadership' behavior, managerial skill, management con­flict, durability of teachers' job with teachers' working performance at state elemantary teachers in Ambon.

  6. PENGARUH GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSAKSIONAL, TRANSFORMASIONAL DAN DISIPLIN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU (KARYAWAN DI KOTA MADIUN

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    Satrijo Budiwibowo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Transactional leadership is described as providing an explanation of employees responsibilities and rewards they can expect if the specified standards is achieved. Transformational leadership approach motivates employees, so that they can thrive and achieve high levels of performance. In addition it is also necessary to support the performance of the good discipline of employees. Broadcasting companies who have employees working on the division of operational and management needed different leadership style to support the realization of optimal performance.  This study used a qualitative approach. Sample was 136 people who are determined by purposive sampling technique. The research instrument used Likert scale models. Data analysis using validity test, realibitas test, the classical assumption, hypothesis testing, multiple linear regression analysis, analysis of correlation coefficients and determination.  The results showed that together transactional leadership styles, transformational leadership styles, work discipline affect the performance of the company's employees broadcasting. Partially transactional and transformational leadership style had no effect on performance. And partially work discipline most dominant effect on performance.  Keywords: Influence of Transactional, Leadership Style and Discipline Performance

  7. PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ANALITIK DASAR BERBASIS MULTIMEDIA BAGI MAHASISWA CALON GURU KIMIA

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    Sri Haryani

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to design multimedia based teaching materials model of Basic Analytical Chemistry that oriented on the explanation of macroscopic and microscopic level and symbolic, and its implementation to improve the mastery of science concepts and labwork skills of student teacher candidates. The subjects consisted of 27 and 30 students of chemistry education study program who take Basic Analytical Chemistry lecture as control and experimental group respectively. Quasi-experimental design with pretest - posttest control group used in this study, and the differences of pre and post-tests result were assumed as the effects of the treatment. Mastery of concepts and skills of science process measured by description test was analyzed by comparing the value of the normalized gain (N-gain, whereas questionnaires students feedback was analysed with descriptive percentage. Learning basic analytical chemistry using a CD-oriented learning material that oriented on the structure of matter on acid-base and permanganometric titration can improve mastery of concepts and skills of science proces. The highest indicators of science process skills was classifying and the lowest was hypothesize capabilities. The advantages of learning implementations were increasing mastery of the concepts and science process skills and making a fun learning experience among the students.

  8. Filantropi Islam Untuk Pendidikan: Strategi Pendanaan Dompet Dhuafa dalam Program Sekolah Guru Indonesia (SGI

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    Rizka Amalia Shofa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Philanthropy for Education: Dompet Dhuafa Funding Strategy in Indonesian Teacher School Program (SGI. This study is aimed at finding out the implementation of the use of zakah funds for the Indonesian Teachers School (SGI program, and to motivate Islamic educational institutions to empower zakah as the Islamic education funding strategy in Indonesia. This research is a qualitative research and conducted in Indonesian Teachers School office with sevent respondents using snow ball sampling technique. The methods of data collection use observation, interviews, and documentation. Data validity test used is source triangulation technique, and data analysis technique used is interactive model from Huberman and Miles. The results show that Indonesian Teachers School is a teacher delivery program in disadvantaged areas by using productive zakah funds from Dompet Dhuafa. The teacher is included in the category ashnâf fî sabilillâh so it is entitled to receive the benefit of zakah. The process of funding using zakat begins with the preparation of the Annual Budget Work Plan (RKAT, the disbursement of zakah funds, the use of zakah funds by beneficiaries (teachers, the preparation of monthly financial and activity reports by beneficiaries to the Indonesian Teachers School.

  9. GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSFORMASIONAL KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN KINERJA GURU SMK SWASTA DI JAKARTA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Army Cahya Putra Rustamaji

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the effect of transformational leadership on teacher performance, transformational leadership on job satisfaction, transformational leadership towards work attachment, influence of work attachment to teacher performance, job satisfaction influence on teacher performance, direct influence between transformational leadership on teacher performance mediated by job satisfaction, and the influence of transformational leadership on teacher performance mediated by work attachment. The research method uses quantitative research using causal effect and type of primary data. Data collection techniques by conducting interviews and observations with the media questionnaire. The analysis method uses inferential statistics with parametric data types, and for internal analysis using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. The result of the research shows that tranasformational leadership toward performance has positive and significant effect because it has p-value 0.000 ≤ α 0,05. Likewise transformational leadership of job satisfaction has a value of p-value 0.000 ≤ α 0.05 which means transformational leadership has a positive and significant impact on job satisfaction. However, job satisfaction on teacher performance has no significant effect with p-value value 0,060 ≥ α 0,05. In variables of transformational leadership on performance mediated by job satisfaction showed a significant influence. Transformational Leadership variable on work attachment has positive and significant influence with t-value value of p-value 0.000 ≤ α 0,05. In variables of work attribute to performance variable has p-value 0.000 ≤ α 0,05. Finally can be seen transformational leadership variable to performance with work attachment as a variable mediation can be interpreted transformational leadership variable significantly influence the performance of employees with work attachment as a mediator variable.

  10. DAMPAK PROGRAM PERKULIAHAN MEKANIKA BERBASIS MULTIPEL REPRESENTASI TERHADAP KECERDASAN SPASIAL MAHASISWA CALON GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismet -

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKTelah dilakukan penelitian untuk menggali kompetensi mahasiswa dalam membangun beragam representasi dan melihat dampaknya terhadap kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Desain penelitian menggunakan Mixed Methods Research melalui embedded experimental model. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan meggunakan instrumen tes kecerdasan spasial yang dikembangkan berdasarkan taksonomi kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial, dan data kualitatif dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, analisis dokumen, angket. Hasil analisis kualitatif menunjukan bahwa representasi mahasiswa belum konsisten antara satu representasi dengan representasi lainnya, namun demikian kompetensi multipel representasi mahasiswa  dari waktu ke waktu meningkat semakin membaik mendekati representasi expert. Analisis kuantitatif menunjukkan bahwa  rerata N-gain kecerdasan spasial kelas eksperimen 0,52 (kriteria sedang lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol 0,16 (kriteria rendah sehingga pembelajaran mekanika berbasis multipel representasi dapat meningkatkan kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Peningkatan kecerdasan spasial terjadi pada semua indikator kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial. Berdasarkan perhitungan efek-size(d dan rerata N-gain,  maka  peningkatan paling kuat terjadi pada indikator representasi grafik (d= 4,66, dan N-gain=0,65. ABSTRACTA study has been conducted to explore students' ability in constructing multiple representations and examine its impact on students' spatial intelligence. This study employed a mixed-method with embedded experimental design.  Quantitative data were collected using instruments of spatial intelligence test developed based on taxonomy of core capacities of spatial intelligence. Qualitative data were collected through interviews, document analysis, and questionnaires. Quantitative analysis showed that theinitialrepresentation ofthe studentshave not beenconsistentfrom one format representationtoanother. However, students' competencies of multiple representations were getting

  11. PROFESIONALISME GURU SD / MI

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    Nursalim Nursalim

    2017-12-01

    Teachers must have four basic competencies namely; pedagogical competence, personality com- petence, social competence and professional competence. Professional competence of teachers of Primary School / primary islamic school includes 1 Mastering the materials, structure, concept, and scientific mindset that support the subjects being taught, 2 mastering the competency standard and basic competency of the subjects being taught, 3 developing the material being taught creatively, 4 develop professionalism in sustainably by doing reflective actions, 5 utilizing information and communication technology to communicate and develop themselves. Teacher professionalism can be leveled. Efforts that can be done in improving teacher profesionalism are: 1 reading books about education, 2 reading and writing scientific papers, 3 following the actual news from news media, 4 joining training, 5 following Teacher Working Group, 6 conducting Classroom Action Research (CAR, and 6 participating actively in professional organizations.

  12. EVALUASI KINERJA GURU BERSERTIFIKASI

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    Andhika Imam Kartomo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to evaluate certified teachers performance in Temanggung regency district of Gugus Mangga. This study was evalitative research using qualitative dessciptive approach. Subject of this research are teachers, principals and supervisors. Data were collected through interview, observation and documentation. The results of the study showed that performance of certified teachers in planning aspect of learning and evaluation is in good category. While the performance of certified teachers in presentation and capacity building is in the less than good category. The recommendation given for teachers in preparing lesson plan (RPP should included aspect of communication and information technologies and also followed by the development of activities. Recommendation for schools is organizing textbooks procurement so that students can have a good process of learning. Recommendation for regional government is to provide assistance of textbooks procurement for schools which has not enough textbook. Besides that the education office recommended to make self-development program for teachers in order to develop and improve the quality of education.

  13. GURU: IDEOLOGI DAN PROFESI

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    Duski Samad

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Teaching profession is not a common job, it carries certain sets of ideology.  A teacher who is committed to certain ideology will likely to be more successful and highly appreciated in pursuing her career.  It has already been proved through the history that best teachers are born among individuals who possessed pedagogical ideology.  Great cares have been continuously given by the Government to improve teachers’ lives and positions through Law number 14 year 2005 dealing with teacher and lecturer.  The improvement of teacher’s status as professional staff has brought about wide impacts.  Its positive impact is that teacher position becomes more prestigious and it affects to the betterment of their welfares.  However, there is a critique to the procedures of certification that it doesn’t provide significant impact to the quality improvement of education.Copyright © 2013 by Al-Ta'lim All right reservedDOI: 10.15548/jt.v20i2.32

  14. English Teachers’ Teaching Quality in Madrasah in Jakarta and Banten based on the Dynamic Model of Educational Effectiveness

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    Siti Nurul Azkiya

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper was intended to describe English teachers’ teaching quality in teaching reading comprehension and provide some reflection and suggestion on how teaching quality could be improved. The classroom factors of the dynamic model (orientation, structuring, questioning, modeling, application, assessment, time management, and making classroom as a learning environment [CLE] were used as a reference to conceptualize teaching quality. Classroom observation instrument was used to measure teaching quality of 59 English teachers in Madrasah Tsanawiyah in the provinces of Jakarta and Banten with a focus on reading comprehension. The findings showed that among the above eight factors, teachers rarely practiced orientation, structuring, modeling, and CLE. In addition, they did not provide enough application whereas a lot of time was spent for reading aloud and translating the text. Nevertheless, they started to raise questions and conduct assessment. With respect to questioning, however, the questions were limited to product questions, which did not promote critical thinking. Finally, the assessment method used was limited to questioning. Abstrak Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan kualitas guru Bahasa Inggris dalam mengajar reading comprehension dan memberikan rekomendasi strategi meningkatkan kualitas mengajar. Delapan aspek yang ada dalam the Ddynamic Model (orientation, structuring, questioning, modeling, application, assessment, time management, and making classroom as a learning environment [CLE] dijadikan sebagai pijakan untuk mendefinisikan konsep kualitas mengajar. Penelitian ini menggunakan instrumen observasi kelas untuk melihat bagaimana guru mengajar reading comprehension. Partisipan penelitian ini adalah 59 guru Bahasa Inggris di Madrasah Tsanawiyah di propinsi DKI Jakarta dan Banten. Temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa di antara delapan aspek kualitas mengajar yang dalam the Dynamic Model, kebanyakan guru jarang

  15. To Call or Not to Call a Spade a Spade: The Dilemma of Treating 'Offensive' Terms in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona

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    Emmanuel Chabata

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    ABSTRACT: As noted by Béjoint (2000: 6, the main objective in dictionary-making is to define words and terms. This is especially the case if the fact is accepted that dictionaries are mostly con-sulted for word meaning and that, in the consultation process, the user hopes to acquire and/or verify certain information. However, as again noted by Jackson (1988, Landau (1984, Svénsen (1993 and Zgusta (1971, among others, the description of word meaning is one of the greatest difficulties with which the lexicographer has to cope. This article discusses some of the challenges facing lexicographers when defining 'offensive' headwords in a monolingual dictionary. It is based on experiences of defining such headwords for the general-purpose, medium-sized, synchronic, monolingual Shona dictionary, Duramazwi Guru reChiShona (henceforth DGC (Chimhundu et al. 2001. DGC was compiled and edited by a six-member team of mother-tongue speakers of Shona who are researchers at the African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. The article also discusses some of the strategies the team of editors adopted as ways of dealing with offensive words in DGC. One such strategy is the use of euphemism in defining.


    Keywords: ALRI, CULTURE, DEFINITION, THEORETICAL DEFINITION, PRACTICAL DEFINITION, DICTIONARY, EUPHEMISM, LEXICOGRAPHY, MONOLINGUAL DICTION-ARY, OFFENSIVE HEADWORD, SHONA

    *****

    OPSOMMING: Om die kind by sy naam te noem of nie te noem nie: Die dilemma van die behandeling van "aanstootlike" terme in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona. Soos deur Béjoint (2000: 6 opgemerk, is die hoofdoel van woordeboekmaak om woorde en terme te definieer. Dit is veral die geval as die feit aanvaar word dat woordeboeke meestal geraadpleeg word vir woordbetekenis en dat, by die raadplegingsproses, die gebruiker hoop om sekere inligting te bekom en/of te kontroleer. Soos weer eens opgemerk deur onder andere Jackson (1988, Landau (1984, Svénsen (1993 en Zgusta (1971, is

  16. Software Engineering Tools for Scientific Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrams, Marc; Saboo, Pallabi; Sonsini, Mike

    2013-01-01

    Software tools were constructed to address issues the NASA Fortran development community faces, and they were tested on real models currently in use at NASA. These proof-of-concept tools address the High-End Computing Program and the Modeling, Analysis, and Prediction Program. Two examples are the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric model in Cell Fortran on the Cell Broadband Engine, and the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) coupled atmosphere- ocean model called ModelE, written in fixed format Fortran.

  17. PENINGKATAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN IPA MELALUI MODEL PROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL MENGGUNAKAN AUDIOVISUAL

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    Endang Eka Wulandari, Sri Hartati

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan Penelitian ini untuk meningkatkan kualitas pembelajaran IPA pada siswa kelas IV melalui model PBL menggunakan audiovisual. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian tindakan kelas yang berlangsung dalam tiga siklus. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan teknik analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa (1 Keterampilan guru pada siklus I mendapat skor 18, siklus II skor 22, meningkat pada siklus III skor 25.(2 Aktivitas siswa pada siklus I skor 16,8, pada siklus II skor 22, meningkat menjadi 24,4 pada siklus III. (3 Respon siswa pada siklus I dengan persentase 71% siklus II dengan persentase 78%, meningkat 92% pada siklus III (4 Hasil belajar siswa pada siklus I mengalami ketuntasan klasikal sebesar 60%, siklus II sebesar 73%, dan mengalami peningkatan pada siklus III menjadi 94%. Kesimpulan penelitian ini menunjukan model PBL menggunakan audiovisual dapat meningkatkan kualitas pembelajaran IPA yang ditandai dengan meningkatnya keterampilan guru, aktivitas siswa, respon siswa dan hasil belajar siswa.

  18. MENARIK MINAT SISWA PADA LAYANAN BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING ISLAMI DI SEKOLAH MENGGUNAKAN LAYANAN INFORMASI DENGAN TEKNIK MODELLING

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    Ismah -

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Rendahnya minat siswa pada layanan bimbingan dan konseling terlihat dari minimnya siswa yang datang keruang BK untuk memanfaatkan layanan bimbingan dan konseling di sekolah. Permasalahan yang dikaji dalam penulisan ini adalah, Bagaiman layanan informasi dengan teknik modelling dapat menarik terhadap minat siswa pada layanan bimbingan dan konseling di sekolah khususnya bimbingan dan konseling islami. Tujuan yang hendak dicapai dalam penulisan ini adalah untuk memberi masukan kepada guru BK di sekolah supaya siswa-siswinya tertarik atau berminat berkunjung di ruang BK, menggunakan cara ”layanan informasi dengan teknik modelling terhadap minat siswa pada layanan bimbingan dan konseling siswa di sekolah khususnya bimbingan dan konseling islami”. Pada kajian ini dapat dianalisis bahwa: layanan informasi dengan teknik modelling, diharapkan dapat berdampak positif terhadap minat siswa berkunjung ke ruang BK, sehingga guru BK dapat memberi layanan bimbingan konseling khusunya bimbingan dan konseling islami dengan kesadaran siswa tanpa pemaksaan.

  19. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL COMPREHENSIVE MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTION (CMI DALAM MEMBANGUN KEMAMPUAN MATHEMATICAL THINKING SISWA

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    Nita Delima

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Kesetaraan dalam pendidikan merupakan elemen penting dari beberapa standar visi NCTM dalam pendidikan matematika. Kesetaraan yang dimaksud, tidak berarti bahwa setiap siswa harus menerima pembelajaran yang identik dari guru; sebaliknya, menuntut sebuah pembelajaran yang mengakomodasi sebuah akses dalam mencapai kemampuan setiap siswa. Selain itu, NCTM juga mengemukakan bahwa dalam pembelajaran matematika terdapat lima standar proses yang harus terpenuhi, yakni problem solving, reasoning and proof, connections, communication, dan representation. Sementara itu, kemampuan problem solving yang dimiliki oleh seseorang akan mempengaruhi pada fleksibilitas proses berpikir mereka. Proses berpikir yang dimaksud dapat berupa proses dinamik yang memuat kompleksitas ide–ide matematik yang dimiliki serta dapat mengekspansi pemahaman tentang matematika yang disebut sebagai mathematical thinking. Dengan demikian, diperlukan sebuah model pembelajaran yang dapat berfungsi sebagai alat pedagogis guru, baik sebelum, selama dan setelah pembelajaran, terutama dalam membangun mathematical thinking siswa. Kerangka Comprehensive Mathematics Instruction (CMI merupakan sebuah kerangka prinsip – prinsip praktek pembelajaran yang bertujuan untuk menciptakan pengalaman matematika yang seimbang, sehingga siswa dapat memiliki pemikiran dan pemahaman matematika secara mendalam, kerangka CMI memiliki semua kriteria sebuah model pembelajaran. Adapun syntax untuk model CMI terdiri dari develop, solidify dan practice. Dalam penerapannya, setiap syntax tersebut meliputi tiga tahapan, yakni tujuan (purpose, peran guru (teacher role dan peran siswa (student role. Berdasarkan hasil analisis eksploratif yang telah dilakukan, dapat disimpulkan bahwa model pembelajaran CMI ini dapat menjadi sebuah alat pedagogis yang baru bagi guru yang dapat digunakan, baik sebelum, selama dan setelah pembelajaran dalam membangun kemampuan mathematical thinking siswa.    Kata Kunci: Comprehensive

  20. PENGARUH PERSEPSI SISWA MENGENAI KEPEMIMPINAN DAN KEMAMPUAN BERKOMUNIKASI GURU TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI KELAS XI-IPS SMA NEGERI 1 SAYUNG TAHUN AJARAN 2013/2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizki Nugrahani

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Motivasi belajar merupakan segala sesuatu yang dapat memotivasi siswa atau individu untuk belajar. Hasil observasi awal menunjukkan masih banyak siswa yang memiliki motivasi belajar rendah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh persepsi siswa mengenai kepemimpinan dan kemampuan berkomunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran ekonomi kelas XI-IPS SMA Negeri 1 Sayung Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014. Populasi seluruh siswa kelas XI-IPS SMA Negeri 1 Sayung Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014 berjumlah 50 siswa, seluruhnya dijadikan responden. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis deskriptif dan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persepsi siswa mengenai kepemimpinan dan kemampuan berkomunikasi guru secara simultan berpengaruh terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran ekonomi (65%. Secara parsial persepsi siswa mengenai kepemimpinan guru berpengaruh terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran ekonomi (38,2%. Sedangkan persepsi siswa mengenai kemampuan berkomunikasi guru berpengaruh (33,8% terhadap motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran ekonomi. Motivation to learn is everything that can motivate students or individuals to learn. The results of preliminary observations indicate there are still many students who have alow learning motivation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of students perceptions about leadership and communication skills of teachers to students motivation on economic subjects in class XI Social SMA Negeri 1 Sayung school year 2013/2014. The population in this study are all students of class XI Social SMAN 1 Sayung school year 2013/2014 amounted to 50 students, and they are the respondent. The technique of collecting data using questionnaires. Data analysis method used is deskripstif analysis technique and multiple regression linier analysis. The results showed that the students

  1. PEMANFAATAN METODE SAW PENDUKUNG KEPUTUSAN PENILAIAN EFEKTIVITAS MODEL PEMBELAJARAN

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    Tri Apriyanto Sundara

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Students who are in junior high school should have been able to read children stories appreciative. However, based on the results of research that has been done, appreciative children's story reading skills in students is still low due to the model applied learning teachers have not been effective. This study is a follow-up that aims to identify effective learning model that can be used by teachers in teaching reading children stories appreciative. The learning model studied is a model of Group Investigation (GI and Jurisprudential Inquiry (JI to utilize the Simple Additive Weighting (SAW method for support decision. The criteria on which the decision is motivation and student learning outcomes. Based on the analysis of data using SAW method, it is known that an effective learning model applied to teachers in teaching reading children's stories are appreciative GI learning model.  Siswa yang duduk di bangku SMP selayaknya telah mampu membaca apresiatif cerita anak. Namun, berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang telah dilakukan, keterampilan membaca apresiatif cerita anak pada siswa masih rendah dikarenakan model pembelajaran yang diterapkan guru belum efektif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian lanjutan yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui model pembelajaran efektif yang dapat digunakan guru dalam pembelajaran membaca apresiatif cerita anak. Model pembelajaran yang diteliti adalah model Group Investigation (GI dan Jurisprudential Inquiry (JI dengan memanfaatkan metode Simple Additive Weighting (SAW sebagai pendukung keputusan. Adapun kriteria yang menjadi dasar pengambilan keputusan adalah motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data dengan menggunakan metode SAW, dapat diketahui bahwa model pembelajaran yang efektif diterapkan guru dalam pembelajaran membaca apresiatif cerita anak adalah model pembelajaran GI.

  2. Comparisons of Airborne HSRL and Modeled Aerosol Profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrare, R. A.; Burton, S. P.; Hostetler, C. A.; Hair, J. W.; Ismail, S.; Rogers, R. R.; Notari, A.; Berkoff, T.; Butler, C. F.; Collins, J. E., Jr.; Fenn, M. A.; Scarino, A. J.; Clayton, M.; Mueller, D.; Chemyakin, E.; Fast, J. D.; Berg, L. K.; Randles, C. A.; Colarco, P. R.; daSilva, A.

    2014-12-01

    Aerosol profiles derived from a regional and a global model are compared with aerosol profiles acquired by NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) airborne High Spectral Resolution Lidars (HSRLs) during recent field missions. We compare simulated aerosol profiles obtained from the WRF-Chem regional model with those measured by the airborne HSRL-2 instrument over the Atlantic Ocean east of Cape Cod in July 2012 during the Department of Energy Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP). While deployed on the LaRC King Air during TCAP, HSRL-2 acquired profiles of aerosol extinction at 355 and 532 nm, as well as aerosol backscatter and depolarization at 355, 532, and 1064 nm. Additional HSRL-2 data products include profiles of aerosol type, mixed layer depth, and aerosol microphysical parameters (e.g. effective radius, concentration). The HSRL-2 and WRF-Chem aerosol profiles are compared along the aircraft flight tracks. HSRL-2 profiles acquired during the NASA Deriving Information on Surface Conditions from COlumn and VERtically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality (DISCOVER-AQ) mission over Houston during September 2013 are compared with the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System global model, version 5 (GEOS-5) profiles. In addition to comparing backscatter and extinction profiles, the fraction of aerosol extinction and optical thickness from various aerosol species from GEOS-5 are compared with aerosol extinction and optical thickness contributed by aerosol types derived from HSRL-2 data. We also compare aerosol profiles modeled by GEOS-5 with those measured by the airborne LaRC DIAL/HSRL instrument during August and September 2013 when it was deployed on the NASA DC-8 for the Studies of Emissions and Atmospheric Composition, Clouds and Climate Coupling by Regional Surveys (SEAC4RS) mission. DIAL/HSRL measured extinction (532 nm), backscatter (532 and 1064 nm), and depolarization profiles (532 and 1064 nm) in both nadir and zenith directions during long transects over the

  3. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TIPE CIRC UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA

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    Lina Salantina

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Keberhasilan belajar matematika, salah satunya ditentukan oleh minat siswa, dan untuk membangkitkan minat siswa tersebut ditentukan oleh kemampuan guru dalam menggunakan pendekatan mengajarnya yang dapat mengakibatkan siswa lebih tertarik, mengerti, berperan serta aktif, mencari dan menemukan sendiri. Untuk bahan penelitian, pokok bahasan yang diambil adalah perbandingan senilai (seharga dan perbandingan berbalik nilai (berbalik harga. Dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran Cooperative Learning tipe Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC,ternyata hasil belajar dapat meningkat bila dibandingkan dengan hasil belajar sebelumnya.Hal ini diduga karena guru kurang tepat dalam mengambil model pembelajaran untuk materi tersebut. Permasalahan yang diangkat pada penelitian ini adalah apakah penggunaan model pembelajaran Cooperative Learning Tipe Cooperative Integrated Reading And Composition (CIRC dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada pokok bahasan perbandingan. Subyek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VII B SMP Negeri 3 Kuningan tahun pelajaran 2015/2016, dengan jumlah siswa 40 orang yang terdiri dari 18 siswa putri, dan 22 siswa putra. Prosedur tindakan kelas ini ditempuh dalam 3 siklus. Langkah-langkah siklus terdiri dari perencanaan, tindakan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Cara pengambilan data dalam penelitian ini dengan menggunakan tes, penilaian kinerja, dan observasi. Sebagai tolok ukur keberhasilan adalah nilai rata-rata silkus I, II, dan III berturut-turut 63,4, 63,0, 65,6 dan ketuntasan belajar klasikal berturut-turut 72,5%, 67,5%, dan 80,0%. Simpulan yang dapat peneliti ambil adalah penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Cooperative Learning Tipe Cooperative Integrated Reading And Compositon (CIRC dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar. Sedangkan peneliti menyarankan guru hendaknya menggunakan model pembelajaran ini untuk pokok-pokok bahasan perbandingan. Kata kunci: Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Tipe CIRC.

  4. Air Quality Forecasts Using the NASA GEOS Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Christoph A.; Knowland, K. Emma; Nielsen, Jon E.; Orbe, Clara; Ott, Lesley; Pawson, Steven; Saunders, Emily; Duncan, Bryan; Follette-Cook, Melanie; Liu, Junhua; hide

    2018-01-01

    We provide an introduction to a new high-resolution (0.25 degree) global composition forecast produced by NASA's Global Modeling and Assimilation office. The NASA Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) model has been expanded to provide global near-real-time forecasts of atmospheric composition at a horizontal resolution of 0.25 degrees (25 km). Previously, this combination of detailed chemistry and resolution was only provided by regional models. This system combines the operational GEOS-5 weather forecasting model with the state-of-the-science GEOS-Chem chemistry module (version 11) to provide detailed chemical analysis of a wide range of air pollutants such as ozone, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and fine particulate matter (PM2.5). The resolution of the forecasts is the highest resolution compared to current, publically-available global composition forecasts. Evaluation and validation of modeled trace gases and aerosols compared to surface and satellite observations will be presented for constituents relative to health air quality standards. Comparisons of modeled trace gases and aerosols against satellite observations show that the model produces realistic concentrations of atmospheric constituents in the free troposphere. Model comparisons against surface observations highlight the model's capability to capture the diurnal variability of air pollutants under a variety of meteorological conditions. The GEOS-5 composition forecasting system offers a new tool for scientists and the public health community, and is being developed jointly with several government and non-profit partners. Potential applications include air quality warnings, flight campaign planning and exposure studies using the archived analysis fields.

  5. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TUTOR SEBAYA PADA MATA PELAJARAN SOSIOLOGI

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    Ningrum Pusporini Anggorowati

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pelaksanaannya model pembelajaran tutor sebaya (peer teaching di SMAN I Brebes. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah guru sosiologi kelas XI IPS 1 dan siswa kelas XI IPS 1. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peer teaching memerlukan persiapan yang matang, dan setiap tahap pelaksanaan hendaknya dievaluasi untuk mendapatkan hasil yang baik. Faktor pendukung dalam pelaksanaan model pembelajaran tutor sebaya antara lain yaitu adanya interaksi antara guru dengan siswa, minat belajar siswa cukup tinggi, guru dan siswa lebih akrab dalam kegiatan pembelajaran, keterlibatan tutor sebaya dalam kelompok belajar membuat suasana pembelajaran lebih menarik, sedangkan faktor penghambatnya antara lain yaitu kurangnya persiapan dari para tutor, sarana dan prasarana kurang memadai, kegiatan pembelajaran kurang kondusif, dan sumber belajar kurang memadai. The objective of this study is to examine the implementation of peer tutoring learning model (peer teaching in SMAN I Brebes. Subjects in this study were teachers sociology class XI IPS 1 and class XI IPS 1. Results show that the implementation of peer teaching requires preparation, and each stage of the implementation should be evaluated to obtain good results. Factors supporting the implementation of peer tutoring learning model, among others, the interaction between teachers and students, and also student interest is high; teachers and students are more familiar in learning activities, and peer tutor involvement in the study group to make the learning environment more attractive. The inhibiting factor of peer teaching strategy include among others the lack of preparation of the tutors, inadequate infrastructure, lack of conducive learning activities, and learning resources are inadequate.

  6. PELATIHAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MULTIMEDIA DENGAN POWERPOINT DAN WONDERSHARE UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN SOFT SKILLS SISWABAGI GURU SD &TK1

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    Budi Setiawan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Developmentof soft skills in elementary and kindergarten students can be metthrough alearning model based Multimedia Information Communication Technology (ICT. Training development of multimedia-based instructional media and Information Communication Technology aim stop rovide skills in aking mediaan attractive multimedia learning in a way that isrelativel yeasy. The method applied in this activity is the method of presentation of the introduction of the software includes Microsoft Power Point and Wondershare. Demonstration of the method pengoperasionalisasian program and method of making the practice of instructional media directly by the participants in accord ance with their respective subjects with the use of these programs.

  7. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSFORMASIONAL DAN KEPUASAN KERJA TERHADAP PERILAKU KEWARGAAN ORGANISASI GURU SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI KECAMATAN KRAS KABUPATEN KEDIRI

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    Imam Gunawan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to found out the influence of transformational leadership and job satisfaction toward organizational citizenship behavior of the teacher in primary school Kras District of Kediri. This research used quantitative approach. The participants of the research are 159 teachers of 30 primary school Kras, District of Kediri. The data found using closed model questionnaire instrument. The data analyzed using path analyzing, with the help of SPSS PASW Statistics 18 program. The results of the research show that there is a significance influence between transformational leadership and job satisfaction toward organizational citizenship behavior of the teacher in primary school Kras, District of Kediri. The transformational leadership contributes 15.1% while the job satisfaction contribution is 20.4%. Other variables beyond this research contribute 64.5%.

  8. PERAN GURU BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING DALAM MENINGKATKAN KESUKSESAN BELAJAR SISWA DI SMA NEGERI 1 DEPOK SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA

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    Mahdi Mahdi

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was to determine the role of guidance and counseling teachers in improving student learning success at SMA Negeri 1 Depok Sleman, Yogyakarta. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative manifold generate descriptive data to describe the behavior of the subject under study. Then the presence of investigators in this study serves as primary research tool. Sources of data in this study are primary data obtained through observation and interview respondents. And secondary data documentation Master's programs of guidance and counseling. Data collection techniques in this study using the method of observation, interviews, and documentation. Selanjtnya data analysis in this study using qualitative data analysis. The results showed that the models of guidance and counseling program in SMA Negeri 1 Depok form their Intensification Program for class XII, intensification program contains material National Examinations and Pathways to college, learning programs in addition to class 10 and 11 to face the Final Exams Semester in order to satisfy student achievement, educational exhibits, and extracurricular programs in SMA Negeri 1 Depok. Then the data findings in the form of involvement or role of teacher guidance and counseling in improving students' success in school is through a program of classical guidance, counseling and personal counseling, tutoring and social counseling, guidance and counseling to learn, and guidance and career counseling.

  9. PERAN GURU PENJASORKES DALAM MENGATASI KENAKALAN SISWA (STUDI KASUS DI SMA NEGERI SE-KABUPATEN KENDAL TAHUN 2013

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    Irkham Kharisma

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study to determine, describe, and analyze the role of teachers in addressing student misbehavior penjasorkes Public High School students in Kendal. This study used qualitative methods, the location of the research conducted in SMA se-Kendal. Research subjects in this study were penjasorkes teacher, principal, BK teachers and students. Data collected by using observation, interviews and documentation. The validity of using triangulation source. Data analysis using descriptive analysis model according to Miles and Huberman. Based on the results of research conducted and has been linked with the theory Suparwoto, et al. It can be concluded that the role of teachers penjasorkes (1 in terms of preventive prevent student misbehavior is good. (2 is good in terms of repression. (3 in terms of curative and rehabilitation are good. The conclusions that can be drawn from this research is the teacher's role in addressing delinquency penjasorkes students in SMA se-Kendal has been running both in terms of preventive, repressive and curative or rehabilitation.

  10. MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM MENINGKATKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN (SMK NEGERI 2 SINABANG KABUPATEN SIMEULUE

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    Taswir Taswir

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master managerial is one things must be conducted systematically and continuously in order to improve the competence and the skill in carrying out the duty to reach the national education goal. The purpose of this study is to describe the school head master managerial at state vocational school SMK 2 Sinabang. This study uses descriptive qualitative approach, and the data collection techniques were observations, interviews, and documentations. The subjects of the research were: school head master, school administration chairman, and the deputy of the school head master. The results shows (1 the school head master’s ability in developing planning programs is formulated by school head master which was started at new school year academic such as supervising, assessing the teacher’s performance, involving the teachers on the trainings, giving extra tasks for some teachers such as vice school headmaster, department chairman, lab chairman, supervisors, and librarian, teachers for training, distribution of additional duties for teachers as a representative example principal, head of department, head of the laboratory, supervisor, and manager of the library; (2 the strategies undertaken by the school head master in teacher performance implementation were: guiding teachers in arranging lesson plan, applying teaching model variation, giving motivation, engaging teachers in some training activities and refreshment courses, and giving the opportunities to the teachers to pursue their study, activating MGMPs activity and KKG forum at school; (3 The impact of the coaching process being carried out by the school head master to improve the teacher performance, will be seen from the teacher changing attitude to be better, namely, the ability of the teacher in setting the plan, implement, and evaluate the teaching–learning process; (4 the constraints being faced in improving the professional capability of teachers among others are: funding

  11. SIKAP GURU TERHADAP PENERAPAN PROGRAM INKLUSIF DITINJAU DARI ASPEK GURU

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    Amanda Triwulandari

    2015-11-01

    TEACHER’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSIVE EDUCATION VIEWED FROM TEACHER AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT Abstract This study aimed: (1 description of teacher’s attitude towards inclusive education in their school and (2 the relation between teacher attitudes and teacher’s and environmental aspect. This study utilized quantitative and qualitative approach. The quantitative approach used a questionnaire to gain a descriptive and correlation data. The qualitative approach will provide a depth exploration of teacher’s and environmental aspect of teachers’ attitude with a semi-structured interview. This study revealed that there are teachers who still held a negative atittudes. This study also revealed a positive correlation between teacher’s attitude and several aspects, like social political view, teacher’s belief, the role of principal and parents, and resources. The qualitative data show that there are diverse opinion in resources, belief, and the role of parents. But there is relatively similar answer in social political view, principal role, and the urge to get a professional development or training. Keywords: teacher’s attitude, inclusive education, child with special needs

  12. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU DALAM RANGKA MEWUJUDKAN GURU YANG PROFESIONAL

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    Ibadullah Malawi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Teachers as professional educators are obliged to plan and excute learning process, to evaluate outcomes, to give advice, to train, to develop studies, to support school deveopment program and to develop professionalism. Among other criteria, professional teachers must master learning materials, develop educating learning process, have good personality and build commitment of students’ learning skill. To make them competent in conducting all of those tasks, teachers must have ability to search for information from variety of resources and from research which they conduct to support their educating instruction.

  13. PERANAN GURU DALAM PENGELOLAAN KELAS

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    Nurhalisah Nurhalisah

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Classroom is an important meeting room between students and teachers in teaching process, where teachers transfer their knowledge to students. Flexible class management is important and teachers play an important role in this respect. Skill of class management is important to stimulate student to be productive and dinamic. Moreover, teachers face students who have different cultural background. Diversity does not always means some students are left behind and some are more developed. Instead, diversity is a contributing factor to studens for a change individually.

  14. Pembinaan Guru di Daerah Terpencil

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    Eddy Subandrijo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of teachers in isolated remote areas is very important in empowering local human resources. Human character building was partly related to teacher's performance. The teacher's performance in conducting their responsibility depends on the quality of their social-economic conditions. To improve their spirit on daily educational activities, they should be treated by a special management. It means that there must be an equilibrium between career and economic-life and between their right and their responsibility. To implement this concept, all of related institutions should be involved in planning, implementing, and evaluating phases. These institutions are local community, universities, schools, and other institutions belonging to local governments

  15. KETERAMPILAN GURU DALAM PENGELOLAAN KELAS

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    Nova Yanti

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Teacher in the classroom activities include two main things, namely teaching and managing classes. Teaching activities directly intended to intensify students achieve goals such as studying the needs of students, preparing lesson plans, presenting teaching materials to students, asking questions to the students, assessing student progress are examples of teaching activities. Manage classroom activities intended to create and sustain an atmosphere (condition that the class teaching activities that can take place effectively and efficiently. Rewarded with immediate effect, develop a good relationship between teachers and students, develop rules of the game in the group's activities are examples of activities to manage the class. Failure of a person achieve the learning objectives of teachers is directly proportional to the inability of teachers to manage classes. An indicator of the failure of such a low student learning achievement, not in accordance with the standards or the size limit specified. Therefore, classroom management is a very important teacher competence

  16. MENINGKATKAN PROFESIONALISME GURU AGAMA HINDU

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    Ni Nyoman Sri Widiasih

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to provide a correct understanding of the importance of quality and professionalism of Hindu religious teachers in education. A teacher of religion, especially Hindu religious teachers is not just a job assigned to transfer knowledge but also served to instill the values of the teachings of Hinduism to the learners. Hindu religious teachers are professional positions, hence a teacher demanded to carry out their duties professionally. The professionalism of a teacher can be seen from how to run any of the duties is always productive, innovative, efficient and effective and independentTo be a Hindu religious teacher who is able to carry out their duties in a professional manner, the necessary efforts both from its own consciousness and on the government's efforts. In an effort to become a Hindu religious teachers qualified and professional, then a Hindu religious teachers is not enough to just rely on what the government has programmed as with training, workshops, competition research, as well as awards in the form of allowance teacher certification, and seminars, but a Hindu religious teachers are required to understand the teachings of Hinduism as a whole and want to fill themselves with the knowledge and responsiveness to changing times and technological advances. Thus, the material being taught will always correspond with the times and the material can be innovative, efficient and effective in their delivery in the classroom.Finally the success of a teacher of religion in their profession will appear on the character and attitude of the learners who become responsible, religious and good behavior.

  17. Meningkatkan Prestasi Belajar IPA Melalui Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Think-Pairs Share (TPS

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    Rusman Rusman

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Mata pelajaran IPA merupakan mata pelajaran yang menekankan siswa untuk mencari atau menemukan pengetahuanya sendiri. Model pembelajaran yang digunakan guru sangat berpengaruh dalam menciptakan situasi belajar yang benar-benar menyenangkan dan mendukung kelancaran proses belajar mengajar, serta sangat membantu dalam pencapaian prestasi belajar yang memuaskan. Akan tetapi, dalam pelaksanaan di lapangan pembelajaran banyak didominasi oleh guru sehingga kurang mampu membangun persepsi, minat, dan sikap siswa yang lebih baik. Hal tersebut juga dijumpai di SDN Pinggir Papas 1 Sumenep, siswa sulit memahami materi yang ada. Kendala yang terjadi adalah siswa merasa bosan dan tidak berminat mengikuti pembelajaran IPA. Hasil nilai ulangan harian dari 25 siswa hanya 9 siswa (36% yang mendapatkan nilai di atas KKM (65. Dari hasil tersebut, peneliti merasa perlu sekali melakukan perbaikan pembelajaran agar sehingga hasil belajar siswa dapat ditingkatkan, yaitu dengan menerapkan model  pembelajaran kooperatif Think-Pair-Share (TPS. Sesuai rumusan masalah “apakah model pembelajaran kooperatif Think-Pairs-Share (TPS dapat meningkatkan Prestasi Belajar IPA pada Siswa Kelas IIIA SDN Pinggir Papas 1 Sumenep?”, maka dilakukan metode penelitian dengan observasi dan tes. Hasil dari dua siklus penelitian yang melalui tahapan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi diperoleh hasil prestasi belajar siswa meningkat dari 67,8 dengan ketuntasan belajar 72% menjadi 80,4 dengan ketuntasan 100%. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif Think Pairs Share mampu meningkatkan prestasi belajar IPA pada siswa kelas IIIA SDN Pinggir Papas 1 Sumenep, dengan peningkatan yang sangat signifikan yaitu sebesar 28% melebihi kriteria peningkatan yang ditentukan yaitu 20%. Selain itu, model pembelajaran kooperatif Think Pairs Share efektif digunakan sebagai salah satu metode pembelajaran di kelas karena dapat menjadikan siswa aktif dalam

  18. PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR MENGGUNAKAN PERALATAN KANTOR MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE NHT

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    Latifah Nurul Hidayah

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil� observasi di SMK Negeri 1 Pemalang, diketahui bahwa mata diklat yang sulit bagi siswa adalah mata diklat Mengelola Peralatan Kantor. Kompetensi dasar dalam mata diklat tersebut yang masih dianggap sulit oleh siswa adalah Kompetensi dasar Menggunakan Peralatan Kantor. Salah satu faktor penyebab kesulitan siswa dalam belajar adalah kurang tepatnya model pembelajaran yang diterapkan oleh guru. Berdasarkan fakta di atas maka dilakukan upaya untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa yaitu melalui penggunaan model pembelajaran NHT. Rancangan� penelitian yang dilakukan adalah penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilakukan dalam dua siklus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan hasil belajar. Siklus I menunjukan hasil penelitian yaitu rata-rata hasil belajar siswa 70,75 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 67,5% , keaktifan siswa 70,48%, kinerja guru 73,33%.� Penelitian siklus II menunjukan bahwa rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 79,13 dengan kriteria ketuntasan klasikal 85%, keaktifan siswa 79,52% dan kinerja guru 80,83%. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran Mata diklat Mengelola Peralatan Kantor kompetensi dasar Menggunakan Peralatan Kantor dengan model pembelajaran NHT dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar, sehingga disarankan kepada guru agar menggunakan model pembelajaran NHT dalam pembelajaran Mata diklat Mengelola Peralatan Kantor untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ Based on the observation in SMK N 1 Pemalang, it shows that the difficult subject for the students is Managing Office Equipments. The most difficult basic competence in this subject for students is Using office Equipments. One of the factors which causes the students� difficulties is using the learning model inappropriately applied by the teacher. In line with the problem above, it needs an effort to improve the students� achievement such as using NHT learning model

  19. Kontribusi Kompetensi Guru, Sikap Profesi Guru, Dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Guru SMA Negeri 1 Sukawati

    OpenAIRE

    Karya, I W; Suhandana, I.G.A; Yudana, Made

    2013-01-01

    The study aimed at finding out the extend of (1) the contribution between teacher's competency toward the teacher's performance, (2) the contribution between teacher's profession attitude toward the teacher's performance, (3) the contribution between teacher's work's motivation toward teacher's performance, and (4) the contribution between teacher's competency, profession attitude, and work motivation toward teacher's performance of SMAN 1 Sukawati. This study utilized an ex-post facto. Popul...

  20. PENGARUH PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARANKOOPERATIFTIPETPS TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR EKONOMI

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    sri wahyuni

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh hasil belajar ekonomi ujian mid semester II siswa kelas X SMAN 7 Padang Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013 masih rendah di bawah Kriteria Ketuntasan Minimal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah hasil belajar ekonomi siswa yang menerapkan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe TPS lebih tinggi dari pada hasil belajar ekonomi siswa yang menerapkan pembelajaran konvensional kelas X SMAN 7 Padang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimen. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X SMAN 7 Padang Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Berdasarkan skor tes hasil belajar ekonomi siswa, diperoleh nilai rata-rata kelas eksperimen 76,15 dan kelas kontrol 68,13. Hasil analisis uji-Z, diperoleh Zhitung (47,18 > Ztabel (1,645 yang berarti hipotesis diterima. Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa hasil belajar ekonomi siswa yang menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe TPSlebih tinggi dari pada siswa yang menerapkan pembelajaran konvensional siswa kelas X SMAN 7 Padang. Untuk itu peneliti menyarankan agar guru‑guru bidang studi ekonomi khususnya SMAN 7 Padang dan guru SMA pada umumnya dapat menerapkan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe TPS sebagai salah satu alternatif model pembelajaran yang dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Dan kepada peneliti yang berminat disarankan untuk melakukan penelitian lanjutan pada materi yang berbeda.

  1. PENERAPAN MODEL THINK-PAIR-SHARE UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS KELAS II SDN 3 BANJAR JAWA

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    Ningsi Soisana Lakilaf

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan menulis siswa  setelah penerapan model pembelajaran Think-Pear-Share bermediakan gambar pada siswa kelas II Semester I di SD Negeri 3 Banjar Jawa, Tahun Pelajaran 2017/2018.Pelaksanaan penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK yang dilaksanakan dalam 2 silklus,  setiap siklus  terdiri dari 2 pertemua, dengan tahapan yang terdiri dari (1 perencanaan, (2 pelaksanaan, (3 pengamatan, dan (4 refleksi. Subjek penelitian ini adalah guru dan siswa kelas II SD Negeri 3 Banjar Jawa  dalam penelitian ini adalah teknik tes dan nontes.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran Think-Pair-Share bermedia gamabar diketahui bahwa ketuntasan hasil belajar siswa mengalami peningkatan dalam pembelajaran dengan hasil presentasi mendeskripsikan secara tertulis sebelum pelaksanaan tindakan 27%, siklus I 77% dan Siklus II 90 %. Pembelajaran dengan menerapkan model Think-Pair-Share bermedia gambar dapat meningkatkan keterampilan menulis. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah melalui penerapan model Think- Pair-Share bermedia gambar dapat meningkatkan keterampilan  menulis siswa kelas II SD Negeri 3 Banjar Jawa,. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah sebaiknya guru lebih aktif dan kreatif dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran yang inovatif dan menyenangkan.   Kata Kunci : Keterampilan menulis, model Think-Pair-Share

  2. PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR MEMILIH MEDIA KOMUNIKASI MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE STAD

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    Zumrotul Hasanah

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil observasi di SMK Hidayah Semarang diketahui bahwa siswa di kelas XI AP 1 kurang aktif, malas, dan saling mengelompokan diri, di sisi lain guru lebih banyak mengajar dengan cara ceramah dan kurang memotivasi siswa. Akibatnya banyak siswa yang belum paham terhadap materi dan hasil belajarnya belum mencapai KKM. Kondisi tersebut perlu diperbaiki, salah satu alteratif yang dapat digunakan yaitu dengan penerapan model pembelajaran tipe Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan dua siklus. Hasil penelitian siklus I menunjukkan� rata-rata keaktifan siswa sebesar 64%, kinerja guru dalam menyampaikan materi sebesar 70%, dan nilai rata-rata siswa 72. Selanjutnya pada siklus II diperoleh hasil rata-rata keaktifan siswa sebesar 70%, kinerja guru dalam menyampaikan materi sebesar 70%, dan nilai rata-rata siswa yaitu 78. Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ Based on the observation in SMK Hidayah Semarang, it shows that XI grade students of AP 1 were less active, lazy, and making gangs, another side teacher use conventional method and lacking motivation for students. Consequently students do not understand the subject and� achievements which has not passed on KKM. These condition need to be repaired, one of the alternative is by applying Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD. This classroom action research was conducted in two cycles. Cycle I shows that average activity of student is 64%, performance of teacher in presenting the lesson is 70%, and student average value is 72. Cycle II show that average activity of student is 70%, performance of teacher in presenting the lesson is 70%, and student average value is 78.

  3. PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR MEMILIH MEDIA KOMUNIKASI MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE STAD

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    Hasanah Zumrotun

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil observasi di SMK Hidayah Semarang diketahui bahwa siswa di kelas XI AP 1 kurang aktif, malas, dan saling mengelompokan diri, di sisi lain guru lebih banyak mengajar dengan cara ceramah dan kurang memotivasi siswa. Akibatnya banyak siswa yang belum paham terhadap materi dan hasil belajarnya belum mencapai KKM. Kondisi tersebut perlu diperbaiki, salah satu alteratif yang dapat digunakan yaitu dengan penerapan model pembelajaran tipe Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan dua siklus. Hasil penelitian siklus I menunjukkan �rata-rata keaktifan siswa sebesar 64%, kinerja guru dalam menyampaikan materi sebesar 70%, dan nilai rata-rata siswa 72. Selanjutnya pada siklus II diperoleh hasil rata-rata keaktifan siswa sebesar 70%, kinerja guru dalam menyampaikan materi sebesar 70%, dan nilai rata-rata siswa yaitu 78. Based on the observation in SMK Hidayah Semarang, it shows that XI grade students of AP 1 were less active, lazy, and making gangs, another side teacher use conventional method and lacking motivation for students. Consequently students do not understand the subject and �achievements which has not passed on KKM. These condition need to be repaired, one of the alternative is by applying Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD. This classroom action research was conducted in two cycles. Cycle I shows that average activity of student is 64%, performance of teacher in presenting the lesson is 70%, and student average value is 72. Cycle II show that average activity of student is 70%, performance of teacher in presenting the lesson is 70%, and student average value is 78.

  4. Global Soil Moisture Estimation from L-Band Satellite Data: The Impact of Radiative Transfer Modeling in Assimilation and Retrieval Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lannoy, Gabrielle; Reichle, Rolf; Gruber, Alexander; Bechtold, Michel; Quets, Jan; Vrugt, Jasper; Wigneron, Jean-Pierre

    2018-01-01

    The SMOS and SMAP missions have collected a wealth of global L-band Brightness temperature (Tb) observations. The retrieval of surface Soil moisture estimates, and the estimation of other geophysical Variables, such as root-zone soil moisture and temperature, via data Assimilation into land surface models largely depends on accurate Radiative transfer modeling (RTM). This presentation will focus on various configuration aspects of the RTM (i) for the inversion of SMOS Tb to surface soil moisture, and (ii) for the forward modeling as part of a SMOS Tb data assimilation System to estimate a consistent set of geophysical land surface Variables, using the GEOS-5 Catchment Land Surface Model.

  5. A unique, intuitive, creative, innovative, bold scientist in endless quest of the truth and a giant in high-altitude medicine: Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo, "The Parvatha Guru" (May 20, 1926-September 17, 2015

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    Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Professor Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo - The Mountain Guru, Bolivian visionary, loved art and science. He was a word class pioneer and defender of life and medicine at high altitude. In 1964, after his observations of the perfused heart in dogs, he affirmed that the hearts of high-altitude residents are much more resistant to hypoxia than those at sea level. He clarified misconceptions about lung diseases at high altitude, which were improperly termed "loss of adaptation." His original and unique views on what was called chronic mountain sickness (CMS, a term he proposed be discarded and be rather expressed as polyerythrocythemia (as a more precise symptomatic description of multiple pathologies in the hypoxic environment of high altitude. He created the "triple hypoxia syndrome," an essential description to explain the momentary decrease of PaO 2 in polyerythrocythemic patients. His concepts of hypoxia gave rise to the formulation of the high-altitude adaptation formula. On his obituary, legendary respiratory physiologist Prof. John B. West stated, "He was a remarkable man and our discipline has lost a giant." Renowned Environmental scientist Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, a long-time friend of Prof. Gustavo Sr., stated, "We lost one of the most valuable and precious personalities… a great loss to the world scientific community." Prof. Gustavo′s son Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta Calleja is also a renowned pulmonologist like his legendary father and keeping his illustrious father′s legacy with pride and honor at his "High Altitude Pulmonary and Pathology Institute," La Paz, Bolivia.

  6. PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN EXPERIENTIAL TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN DAN KETERAMPILAN MERANCANG RISET PENDIDIKAN

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    Mr. Suatma

    2016-11-01

    Untuk menjadi seorang guru peneliti, mahasiswa calon guru harus memiliki keterampilan riset pendidikan yang memadai. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pembelajaran experiential terhadap kemampuan dan keterampilan mahasiswa calon guru biologi dalam merancang riset penelitian pendidikan. Sampel penelitian adalah 68 mahasiswa calon guru biologi yang mengambil mata kuliah Metodologi Penelitian. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah tes objektif dan rubrik penilaian proposal. Hasil tes objektif menunjukkan bahwa rerata pemahaman mahasiswa calon guru biologi tentang perancangan riset pendidikan pada saat pretes adalah 27,35% sedangkan untuk postes adalah 40,94%. Penghitungan N-Gain menghasilkan nilai N-Gain 0,18 dan nilai ini menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan dari pretes ke postes termasuk dalam kategori rendah. Hasil penilaian proposal menunjukkan bahwa rerata penguasaan keterampilan merancang riset adalah 59,15%. Hasil penilaian proposal ini menunjukkan bahwa meskipun pembelajaran Experiential  kurang berpengaruh pada peningkatan aspek kognitif, pendekatan ini dapat membantu mahasiswa calon guru biologi dalam merancang proposal riset pendidikan.

  7. Adaptation Entrepreneurship Education Model Curriculum 2013 for SMK (Description Preparation and Implementation Barriers in School/Model Pendidikan Kewirausahaan Adaptasi Kurikulum 2013 bagi SMK (Diskripsi Persiapan dan Hambatan Penerapan di Sekolah

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    Agung Winarno

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is the discovery of an effective entrepreneurial education model for SMK to implement the values of character and attention to the nuances of curriculum 2013. This model was developed as a whole better schools, teachers and learning tools and practices of learning activities. Specifically, this study aims to (1 describe the preparation of schools in planning appropriate entrepreneurship education curriculum in 2013 (2 identifies the difficulties that arise in the context of the transition adjustments from the previous curriculum leading to the curriculum in 2013 (3 collate and find draft model of entrepreneurship education character-based. The results showed that there was no significant change related to the implementation of the curriculum in 2013, changes occur in the process of adaptation of teachers to understand the curriculum, especially on the subjects of craft and Entrepreneurship are not yet fully have terstandart syllabus. In general, teachers are also still doubts over the implementation of the guidance curriculum which is based on 2013, this is caused understanding core competencies both spiritual and social attitudes as learning indirect to direct instructional coloring on behavioral aspects of competency knowledge there has been no agreement, in addition to almost all teachers yet have adequate syllabus including the media and materials. The model is offered in the study related to the development of curriculum and learning tools that are integrated with a comprehensive system of entrepreneurship education both regarding the function of institutions (schools and teacher qualifications.   Abstrak : Tujuan penelitian ini adalah ditemukannya   model pendidikan kewirausahaan yang efektif bagi  SMK dengan mengimplementasikan nilai-nilai karakter dan memperhatikan nuansa kurikulum 2013. Model ini dikembangkan secara menyeluruh baik sekolah, guru maupun perangkat pembelajarannya serta praktik

  8. Effect of School Community Empowerment Model towards Handwashing Implementation among Elementary School Students in Dayeuhkolot Subdistrict

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    Tetti Solehati

    2017-02-01

    Perilaku mencuci tangan dengan sabun di Indonesia masih menjadi masalah. Penyebabnya dikaitkan dengan kurangnya kesadaran dalam mencuci tangan pakai sabun. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah terhadap penerapan mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Dayeuhkolot, Kabupaten Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasi eksperimental dengan pretest dan posttest serta melakukan analisis deskriptif dan inferensial. Sampel terdiri dari 24 guru, 377 siswa di kelas 4-6, dan 24 dokter kecil. Metode pendekatan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan usaha kesehatan sekolah terpadu (gabungan model fit for school dan UKS terpilih, yang terdiri dari enam tahap. Instrumen terdiri dari kuesioner pengetahuan, lembar observasi, dan lembar checklist. Cuci tangan pakai sabun dievaluasi selama tiga bulan. Hasil menemukan bahwa terdapat skor meningkat dalam kategori baik untuk keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun guru dari 12,5% menjadi 100%, skor dokter kecil dalam kategori baik meningkat pada keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun dari 0% sampai 100%, keterampilan dari cuci tangan pakai sabun pada siswa meningkat dalam kategori baik dari 0% menjadi 87,5%. Pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah memengaruhi perilaku mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa SD.

  9. Kepuasan Kerja dan Dampaknya terhadap Unjuk Kerja Guru di Gugus Pantai Kartini UPT Dinas Pendidikan Kecamatan Mojolaban (Tinjauan Aspek Keteladanan Pimpinan dan Ketrampilan Pemanfaatan Media

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    Emi Sugiati

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to describe : 1 the contribution of leader exemplary and learning media model through indirect satisfied concerning the characteristic of the teacher performance, 2 The contribution of leader exemplary and the satisfied learning media model, 3 the satisfied of the teacher performance. The result is expected to gave information to the headmaster, so its can become reconciliation to increase the school work and for the teacher they can get a feet-back about the increase of the work. This quantitative research has used inquiry method that proved valid and reliable and documentations method a means of principal data collecting, and to test direct and indirect contribution between keteladanan leadership, study media, satisfaction and performance teacher at coast cluster Kartini UPT district Mojolaban education official use stripe analysis method (path Analysis. population in these watchfulness teachers coast cluster Pantai Kartini UPT district education official Mojolaban as much as 141 person, with sample as much as 106 person. The result show that : 1 The leader exemplary and learning media give direct contribution for the teacher performance, 2 The leader exemplary and learning media give direct significant to the satisfied, 3 The satisfied give direct contribution and significant for the performance of the teacher in coast cluster Pantai Kartini Education Official UPTD Mojolaban sub district.

  10. Pengembangan Modul Bimbingan dan Konseling yang dapat digunakan Guru Bimbingan dan Konseling atau Konselor untuk Peningkatkan Self-Esteem (Penghargaan terhadap Diri Sendiri Siswa

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    Sarleni Rhepon

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to reveal whether the Guidance and Counseling module designed for increasing the students’ self-esteem had been proper in terms of content and appearance, and to describe the usability level of the Guidance and Counseling module to increase the students’ self-esteem. This research applied ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation model. The subjects of the research consisted of 6 experts to see the properness of the module and 3 Guidance and Counseling teachers to see the usability level of the module. This research was conducted by trying out the product and through Focus Group Discussion (FGD. The data of the research were analyzed by using descriptive statistic analysis and inferensial statistic. Based on these results, in general, the prototype of Guidance and Counseling module designed for increasing the students’ self-esteem had been proper and could be used by the Guidance and Counseling teachers to increase the students’ self-esteem.

  11. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGAJAR GURU DAN KESIAPAN BELAJAR TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR EKONOMI MELALUI MOTIVASI BELAJAR SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING SISWA KELAS XI IS SMA NEGERI 14 SEMARANG

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    Sefani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine The Influence of Teacher’s Teaching Skill and Student’s Learning Readiness Towards Economic Learning Outcomes Through Learning Motivation as an Intervening Variable of Social Sciences Students XIth Grade at State Senior High School 14 Semarang in Academic Year 2015/2016. The population in this research are all social sciences students XIth grade at state senior high school 14 Semarang in academic year 2015/2016, 144 students. The samples are 106 students were taken by using Slovin. Technical sampling that used is proportionate random sampling. This research use questionaire and documentation method to collect the data. Data analysis methods are descriptive statistic, confirmatory analysis, and structural equation modeling (SEM. The results showed that direct influence of teacher’s teaching skill was 19,4%, learning readiness was 21,8%, learning motivation was 38,7% toward learning outcomes. Direct influence of teacher’s teaching skill was 23,6%, learning readiness was 59,9% toward learning motivation. Indirect influence of teacher’s teaching skill toward learning outcomes through learning motivation was 28,5%. Indirect influence of learning readiness toward learning outcomes through learning motivation was 51,3%. Conclusions from this research, there are an effect of teacher’s teaching skill and student’s learning readiness directly and indirectly towards learning outcomes through learning motivation

  12. Towards a Model Climatology of Relative Humidity in the Upper Troposphere for Estimation of Contrail and Contrail-Induced Cirrus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selkirk, Henry B.; Manyin, M.; Ott, L.; Oman, L.; Benson, C.; Pawson, S.; Douglass, A. R.; Stolarski, R. S.

    2011-01-01

    The formation of contrails and contrail cirrus is very sensitive to the relative humidity of the upper troposphere. To reduce uncertainty in an estimate of the radiative impact of aviation-induced cirrus, a model must therefore be able to reproduce the observed background moisture fields with reasonable and quantifiable fidelity. Here we present an upper tropospheric moisture climatology from a 26-year ensemble of simulations using the GEOS CCM. We compare this free-running model's moisture fields to those obtained from the MLS and AIRS satellite instruments, our most comprehensive observational databases for upper tropospheric water vapor. Published comparisons have shown a substantial wet bias in GEOS-5 assimilated fields with respect to MLS water vapor and ice water content. This tendency is clear as well in the GEOS CCM simulations. The GEOS-5 moist physics in the GEOS CCM uses a saturation adjustment that prevents supersaturation, which is unrealistic when compared to in situ moisture observations from MOZAIC aircraft and balloon sondes as we will show. Further, the large-scale satellite datasets also consistently underestimate super-saturation when compared to the in-situ observations. We place these results in the context of estimates of contrail and contrail cirrus frequency.

  13. PERANAN SENTRAL GURU AGAMA HINDU DALAM PENCAPAIAN TUJUAN PENDIDIKAN NASIONAL DI INDONESIA DAN PEMBANGUNAN KARAKTER BANGSA YANG BERAKHLAK MULIA, JUJUR, TERAMPIL, BERHATI SUCI DAN BERSIH LAHIR BATIN

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    Ni Nengah Selasih

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The teachers of Hindu religion classes play central role in the effort to reach the goal of the national education as well as to build the characters that include honesty, skillfullness, clean and good-heartedness, as described in the national standard of education regulation No 20/2003 in which it states that the curriculum has to provide religious education (Pasal 37 UU Sisdiknas. The government attention to the education is implemented too by the issue of the Regulation on Teachers and Lecturers which states that teachers are professional educators with main duty to educate, teach, guide, train, and evaluate the students in the formal elementary, secondary, and high schools (UU RI No. 14/2005 Purwanto (2004:10.Education is the intentional enlightening from the adult to the younger ones in relation to their development in order to make them useful for themselves and in the society“The Indonesian national education systemas stated in UU No.2/1989 Bab, II, pasal 4,  states that the goal of the education is to develop a complete Indonesia people who are religious, good in their characters, have good knowledge and skills, healthy physically and mentally, independent, responsible for the society and nation. In line with that, the Hindu teachers should refer to the Vedic teachings and consider the physical, psychological, and social environments of study, the life as students (Sisya/Brahmacari, their roles (Acarya, the curriculum, the mteaching methods, as well as the goal of the education. These all should be centered on teaching with the emphasis on directing and motivating to reach the character buildingfacilitating that through learning experience helping to develop attitudes, values, and self adaptation At schools teachers should commit themselves to be 1 role models, 2 inspirators, 3 motivators, 4 regulator, 5 evaluator besides having good vision. Without these all, the goal of education will fail.

  14. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL KOLABORASI JIGSAW ROLE PLAYING SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN BEKERJASAMA SISWA KELAS V SD PADA PELAJARAN IPS

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    Ika Ari Pratiwi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model kolaborasi jigsaw, role playing untuk meningkatkan kemampuan bekerjasama siswa yang valid, efektif dan praktis. Metode penelitian adalah penelitian dan pengembangan (R&D. Tahap uji coba pengembangan terdiri atas uji coba ahli, uji coba skala terbatas dan uji coba skala luas. Keefektifan model kolaborasi jigsaw role playing  diperoleh rata-rata 51,83 dalam kategori baik diterapkan dalam pelajaran IPS, peningkatan kemampuan bekerjasama siswa hasil N-gain = 0,56 dengan kategori sedang, peningkatan hasil belajar IPS N-gain = 0,50 dengan kategori sedang dan hasil ketuntasan klasikal pembelajaran IPS 97,14%.  Hasil respon guru dan siswa terhadap model yang digunakan adalah berkriteria baik. Model final penelitian ini menghasilkan model kolaborasi jigsaw role playing yang dikemas dalam suatu buku pedoman.

  15. Development and Performance of the Modularized, High-performance Computing and Hybrid-architecture Capable GEOS-Chem Chemical Transport Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, M. S.; Yantosca, R.; Nielsen, J.; Linford, J. C.; Keller, C. A.; Payer Sulprizio, M.; Jacob, D. J.

    2014-12-01

    The GEOS-Chem global chemical transport model (CTM), used by a large atmospheric chemistry research community, has been reengineered to serve as a platform for a range of computational atmospheric chemistry science foci and applications. Development included modularization for coupling to general circulation and Earth system models (ESMs) and the adoption of co-processor capable atmospheric chemistry solvers. This was done using an Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) interface that operates independently of GEOS-Chem scientific code to permit seamless transition from the GEOS-Chem stand-alone serial CTM to deployment as a coupled ESM module. In this manner, the continual stream of updates contributed by the CTM user community is automatically available for broader applications, which remain state-of-science and directly referenceable to the latest version of the standard GEOS-Chem CTM. These developments are now available as part of the standard version of the GEOS-Chem CTM. The system has been implemented as an atmospheric chemistry module within the NASA GEOS-5 ESM. The coupled GEOS-5/GEOS-Chem system was tested for weak and strong scalability and performance with a tropospheric oxidant-aerosol simulation. Results confirm that the GEOS-Chem chemical operator scales efficiently for any number of processes. Although inclusion of atmospheric chemistry in ESMs is computationally expensive, the excellent scalability of the chemical operator means that the relative cost goes down with increasing number of processes, making fine-scale resolution simulations possible.

  16. PEMBINAAN GURU DENGAN PENDEKATAN SUPERVISI KLINIS

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    Binti Maunah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article offers clinical supervision for teachers in order to tackle some problems while teaching and to anticipate some possible problems that may appear. This professional assistance is done by a supervisor to teachers in order to fill in the gap between the real teaching behaviors and the ideal teaching behaviors. This can be done individually and in group. The cycles of the clinical supervision are of three stages: early meeting, classroom observation, and feedback provision.   Key words: clinical supervision, teachers improvement

  17. Profil Siswa Agresif dan Peranan Guru BK

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    Hafiz Hidayat

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Teens have a positive and negative behavior. Negative behavior is not characteristic of normal adolescent development, adolescents are developing will exhibit positive behavior. One of the teens indicated negative behavior is aggressive behavior. It can be seen in SMA N 5 Padang is quarrelsome, like teasing, hitting, pinching her, saying rude, insulting. This study aimed to describe the type of aggressive behavior of students and the role of BK teachers to address students' aggressive behavior SMAN 5 Padang. This study used a descriptive approach. The study population was a high school student Padang N 5 340 people with a total sample amounted to 77 people. Questionnaire data collection techniques to use. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Office Excel 2007. The findings showed that students' views of the aggressive actions hurt people physically with a percentage of 35.32%, while the aggressive actions of the student views of hurting people verbally 41.30% and aggression seen from damaging and destroying property by 30 percent, 42%. This means that the presence of aggressive behavior in SMA N 5 Padang.

  18. Keefektifan Program Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar

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    Engkoswara dkk. Engkoswara dkk.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The study is aimed at investigating the efectiveness of the Primary School Teacher Education Program (PGSD in achieving its goals. Data were gathered from 12 Institutes/Faculties of Teacher Training and Education (LPTK by using questionnaire, interview, observation, tests, and documentary study. Percentage and mean measures were applied to analyze the data. The results showed that the PGSD programs implemented since 1990 was effective, although for some PGSDs the effectiveness level is not sufficient. The insufficiency found in some PGSDs is due to shortcomings in the availability as well as the condition of program inputs and implementation processes: student, curriculum, staff and facilities, program implementation and management

  19. Analisis Yuridis Terhadap Sertifikasi Guru Berbasis Portofolio

    OpenAIRE

    Taufiqurrahman, Mhd

    2011-01-01

    Teacher is one of the essential and strategic components in national education system. Role, duty, and responsibility of a teacher is very meaningful in materializing the goal of national education which is to develop and sharpen the mind of the people of our nation, to improve the quality of the people of Indonesia which includes the quality of their faith /devotion; noble character; mastery of science, technology, and art; and to form a civilized, prosperous, just, and developed Indonesian ...

  20. Dampak Kontrak Psikologis dan Motivasi Kerja Guru

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    Luluh Abdilah Kurniawan

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to obtain information about the influence of psychological contract and organizational commitment to teacher work motivation in private SMK Kecamatan Pondok Gede, Bekasi. This research uses survey method with path analysis. The results showed there was a direct positive influence of psychological contract and organizational commitment to work motivation, with correlation coefficient value of 0.390 and coefficient value of 0.281.

  1. Peran Emosi Positif Pada Guru Slb Tunagrahita

    OpenAIRE

    Khoiriyah, Dhurul; Khaerani, Nuristighfari Masri

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is understanding how positive emotion on extraordinary teachers. Subjects consist of three extraordinary school teachers who already taught more than one year. This research used qualitative methods with phenomenological approach. Data collection in this research used observation and interview. This research used interactive analysis of Miles and Huberman's. The results of this research show that positive emotions generate motivation to provide services for childr...

  2. Transport "guru" Augulis speaks before thinking

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Rail Baltica projekti kõrvale on Lätis kerkinud Riia-Moskva vahelise kiirema rongiliini ehitamise projekt. Euroopa Komisjoni transpordivoliniku Siim Kallase sõnul on Rail Baltica ühendus tähtsam ning Moskva liini arendamine ei saa Euroopa Liidult rahastust

  3. Kepemimpinan Multidimensi Kepala Madrasah Dari Perspektif Guru

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman, Bujang

    2014-01-01

    THE MULTIDIMENSIONAL LEADERSHIP OF MADRASAH LEADER IN TEACHER'S PERSPECTIVE: The quality of the madrasa leadership has contributed greatly to the success of education in the school. As the leader of the organization/ educational institution, the main role of the madrasah leader is as a manager and an administrator. As an instructional leader, the main role of the madrasah leader is as an educator and a supervisor. This paper aims to explain how a madrasa...

  4. Peranan Komunikasi Guru dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013

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    Dina Sekar Vusparatih

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Curriculum 2013 has been officially implemented in all schools in Indonesia. This curriculum has quite a fundamental change in the competencies to be achieved. These changes lead to changes in the profile of students and teachers are expected. These changes lead to conversion in the expected profile of students and teachers. Teacher, a leading role in the successful implementation of the curriculum in schools, is required to create an interactive learning environment in which students and teachers participate actively. The additional hours of study is intended to provide sufficient time for the two-way communication. However, most of the teachers are not ready to create an active space of two-way communication. In fact, the communication competency is the first competency to be achieved in the curriculum in 2013 and became an important teaching method during the learning process. Therefore, the communication ability of the teachers is very important in the success of the implementation of Curriculum 2013. Teachers must be able to communicate effectively in accordance with their role as a leader and facilitator in the classroom. Giving explanations, asking questions and listening are three effective communication techniques that should be owned by the teacher during this 2013 curriculum. If all three techniques have been mastered and can be implemented correctly then the target of Curriculum 2013 can be achieved. 

  5. PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONALISME GURU PAI DI ACEH

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    Zulfikar Ali Butho

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Development of Professionalism Competence of Islamic Education Teachers in Aceh. The development in Islamic Education Teachers Lhokseumawe City area, against the background by the competence of teachers of Islamic education suffered a setback of several indicators of professionalism. The findings based on qualitative data collection techniques are described through descriptive analysis reveals that the development of professional competencies of teachers in Lhokseumawe city has not shown significant growth. Efforts to develop professional competence of teachers are done through independent study, individual training, discussions and meetings of the board of teachers, strengthening through teachers’ group work, and organizing centre for teachers’ activities at the district level. However, the whole process of the training for teachers of Islamic education became stagnant, the budget cut for improving the quality of teachers, less motiveted, and lack of mastery of information and technology.

  6. KAJIAN PELAKSANAAN SERTIFIKASI GURU DALAM JABATAN

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    Totok Sumryanto F

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to discover and develop: (1 the effectiveness of the components of a portfolio documents in the development of the teaching profession, (2 the mechanism of recruitment of assessors and instructors for teacher certification, (3 the proposed mechanism of the teacher as a participant in the teacher certification, and (4 implementation of teaching profession training. This research was carried out with the eklektik approach to use or modify the educational research & development, which according to borg & gall (1983: 775-776 is divided into 7 stages. Components of teaching profession development, which is seen to have great impact, are: (1 lesson plan and implementation (2 academic achievement, (3 academic qualifications, (4 the work of professional development, (5 awards in the field of education, (6 education and training, and (7 participation in scientific forums. The assessment component of the supervisor and the experience in education and social organization are considered not supporting teaching profession development. Keywords: teacher certification, implementation, effectiveness

  7. PROFESIONALISME GURU MENIGKATKAN CITRA DUNIA PENDIDIKAN

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    Syahril Chaniago

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The teacher is a person who is authorized and responsible to guide and nurture students, either individually or in groups class and outside of class. Teachers as educators are professionals in charge of planning, implementing the learning process, and assess learning outcomes as well as coaching and training to students. A fact that must be accepted that the teacher is not akhi-final first-class citizens, but citizens with disabilities. It is well known, the presence of the teacher, not by design but by condition. Teacher is not a pure ideal situation but for various reasons, so it often appears related news is inappropriate teacher behavior. Perhaps this is one reason teachers do not have the character and personality of the teacher should be, certainly more dim the image of the teaching profession. Self-image as an educator would ease concerns the admissibility of properly by the environment. Personality is a dynamic organization of sitem pshikhofisik determines a unique adjustment to the environment. Personality is an inner state of a person that determines how he looks in adjusting to the environment. There are several factors that determine the development of the personality, which include: actor innate, environmental factors, and the interaction of innate and environmental. One of the life skills that teachers should have the ability to constantly develop and maintain self-image as an educator. Self-image as an educator would ease concerns the admissibility of teachers with good attendance by the environment. Furthermore, it is very influential to the trust will be given to the task of educating teachers. As an educator, teacher in daily life are required to always have the self-awareness that mandated profession. The figure of the teacher should be able to personally set an example for students and the environment. Their behavior will always be the public highlights. Keywords:

  8. PROFESIONALISME GURU DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN MUTU PEMBELAJARAN

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    Ketut Bali Sastrawan

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Professionalism to the demands of each profession. Without exception the teaching profession who daily deal with the nation's future children with a variety of characteristics of each are not the same. Teachers are an important component in the learning process. In improving the quality of learning, the teacher role and serves as a demonstrator, the class manager, mediator and facilitator, and evaluator. Professional teachers is important because those who have professional skills in various capacities as an educator. Teachers with keprofesionalitasnya it will be able to improve the learning process so as to improve the quality of learning.

  9. PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI DENGAN PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING (CTL

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    Nur Alifah Fitriana

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Proses pembelajaran yang variatif akan membantu siswa dalam pemahaman materi pembelajaran yang diberikan oleh guru. Pada sekolah MA Yasis AT-Taqwa Pahesan, model pembelajaran yang digunakan masih menggunakan model pembelajaran yang konvensional. Disini siswa kurang berperan aktif dalam proses belajar mengajar dan siswa akan cenderung merasa bosan. Untuk menyelesaikan masalah tersebut peneliti mencoba menerapkan model pembelajaran Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTLsebagai upaya meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Rancangan penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan dua siklus, setiap siklus meliputi perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan dan refleksi. Hasil penelitian diperoleh nilai rata-rata pada siklus I yaitu 64,58 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 54,16%, sedangkan untuk siklus II nilai rata-ratanya 79,79 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 79,16%. Pada siklus I aktivitas siswa 55,47% dan siklus II menjadi 76,54%. Sedangkan kinerja guru pada siklus I 51,42% dan meningkat disiklus II 91,42%. Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ The learning processwill help studentsvariedin understandinglearning materialsprovided bythe teacher. AtschoolMAYasisAT-Taqwa Pahesan, learning modelused is stillusingconventionallearning models. Here thestudents areactively involved inthe learning processand students willtend to feelbored. To solvethe problem, the researcher tried toapply thelearning modelContextual Teaching andLearning(CTL as an effort toimprove student learning outcomes. The design ofthis studyisaction researchwithtwocycles, each cycleincluding planning, implementation, observationand reflection. The result showedthe average valuein the first cycleis64.58withclassical completeness54.16%, while forthe second cycleaverage value79.79withclassical completeness79.16%. In the first cycleof student activityand55.47% to76.54% the second cycle. While theperformance of teachersin the first cycleincreased51

  10. SIKLUS PRAPEMBELAJARAN MODEL PENILAIAN FORMATIF WEB-BASED PADA PEMBELAJARAN FISIKA MATERI SUHU DAN KALOR UNTUK SISWA SMK KELAS X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ediyanto

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Model penilaian formatif Web-based dibagi menjadi tiga siklus yaitu siklus prapembelajaran, siklus pembelajaran dan siklus pascapembelajaran. Penelitian kali ini mengembangkan siklus prapembelajaran model penilaian web-based pada mata pelajaran fisika materi suhu dan kalor untuk siswa SMK kelas X. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah penelitian dan pengembangan. Langkah-langkah yang digunakan untuk pengembangan siklus prapembelajaran model penilaian formatif web-based yaitu 1 mengumpulkan informasi, 2 melakukan perencanaan, 3 mengembangkan bentuk produk awal, 4 melakukan uji permulaan, 5 revisi, dan 6 Uji coba. Berdasarkan hasil uji coba, ditemukan bahwa siklus prapembelajaran model penilaian formatif web-based dapat membantu guru dan siswa untuk mendapatkan umpan balik yang cepat. Umpan balik yang cepat dapat membantu siswa untuk mendapatkan pemahaman konsep dengan cepat dan dapat membantu guru untuk menemukan masalah siswa sehingga dapat dipecahkan dengan cepat.Web-based Formative Assessment Model is divided into three cycles: pre-teaching, whilst teaching, post-teaching. This research develops Pre-teaching Cycle of Formative Web-Based Assessment Model on physics material teaching: Temperature and Heat for X Grader of Vocational High School Students. The method used in this research is a Research and Development (R & D. The steps used for the development of pre-learning cycle of web-based formative assessment models: 1 collecting information, 2 conducting planning, 3 developing pre-product form, 4 conducting pre-test, 5 revision, 6 trial test. Based on the trial test, the findings show that pre-teaching cycle of formative web-based assessment model is able to assist teachers and students to get fast feedback. Fast feedback can helps students to gain fast conceptual comprehension and help teachers to find out the students’ problems so it enables to solve faster.

  11. Performance and Evaluation of the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office Observing System Simulation Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prive, Nikki; Errico, R. M.; Carvalho, D.

    2018-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (NASA/GMAO) has spent more than a decade developing and implementing a global Observing System Simulation Experiment framework for use in evaluting both new observation types as well as the behavior of data assimilation systems. The NASA/GMAO OSSE has constantly evolved to relect changes in the Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation data assimiation system, the Global Earth Observing System model, version 5 (GEOS-5), and the real world observational network. Software and observational datasets for the GMAO OSSE are publicly available, along with a technical report. Substantial modifications have recently been made to the NASA/GMAO OSSE framework, including the character of synthetic observation errors, new instrument types, and more sophisticated atmospheric wind vectors. These improvements will be described, along with the overall performance of the current OSSE. Lessons learned from investigations into correlated errors and model error will be discussed.

  12. Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Siswa dengan Menggunakan Model Make A Match Pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika di Kelas V SDN 050687 Sawit Seberang

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    Daitin Tarigan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Matematika materi mengubah pecahan ke bentuk persen, desimal dan sebaliknya dengan menggunakan model make a match di kelas V SD Negeri 050687 Sawit Seberang T.A 2013/2014. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK dengan alat pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah lembar observasi aktivitas guru dan siswa. Berdasarkan analisis data diperoleh hasil pada siklus I Pertemuan I skor aktivitas guru adalah 82,14 dengan kriteria baik dan aktivitas belajar dalah aktif. Tindakan dilanjutkan sampai dengan siklus ke II. Pada pertemuan II siklus II skor aktivitas guru adalah 96,42 dengan kriteria sangat baik dan aktivitas belajar klasikal adalah sangat aktif. Dari hasil tersebut dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa tindakan penelitian berhasil karena nilai indikator aktivitas belajar siswa dan jumlah siswa yang dinyatakan aktif secara klasikal telah mencapai 80%. Dengan demikian maka penggunaan model make a match dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa di kelas V SD Negeri 050687 Sawit Seberang pada mata pelajaran Matematika materi mengubah pecahan ke bentuk persen, desimal. Kata Kunci:      Model Make a Match; Aktivitas Belajar Siswa  AbstractThis reseach aim is to know the student activity on Math at topic change the fraction into percent, desimal and vice versa, using make a match model on fifth grade of SDN 050687 Sawit Seberang 2013/2014. This is a classroom action research which is used activity observrvation sheet as its instrumen of collecting data. From the analisys of data, it is got result as follows: on cycle I meet I, teacher activity score is 82,14, which was mean good, and learning activity was active. The action and then continued until second cycle. On the meet II cylce II, it was got teacher activity score is 96,42, which was mean very good, and clasical learning activity was very active. Based on the result, it was conclude

  13. Model Pembelajaran CTL (Contextual Teaching and Learning dalam Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa PGSD Pada MataKuliah Konsep IPS Dasar

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    Wahyu Susiloningsih

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Hasil belajar adalah suatu proses perubahan tingkah laku dalam pengetahuan, sikap, dan ketrampilan yang diperoleh dalam jangka waktu yang lama.Mata kuliah Konsep IPS Dasar merupakan mata kuliah yang memberikan pemahaman kepada mahasiswa PGSD tentang konsep dasar IPS sebagai landasan kajian yang bahannya bersumber dari kehidupan manusia di masyarakat, yang aspek-aspeknya meliputi social science (ilmu sosial, social studies (studi sosial, Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial (IPS. IPS merupakan pembelajaran pada tingkat sekolah yang berperan mengfungsionalkan ilmu-ilmu sosial yang bersifat teoritik dalam kehidupan nyata dalam masyarakat. Model pembelajaran CTL adalah model pembelajaran yang menuntut kreatifitas guru dalam mengaitkan subject matter dengan kehidupan nyata mahasiswa guna membantu mahasiswa untuk lebih mudah memaknai materi tersebut.

  14. Development of a Grid-Independent Geos-Chem Chemical Transport Model (v9-02) as an Atmospheric Chemistry Module for Earth System Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, M. S.; Yantosca, R.; Nielsen, J. E; Keller, C. A.; Da Silva, A.; Sulprizio, M. P.; Pawson, S.; Jacob, D. J.

    2015-01-01

    The GEOS-Chem global chemical transport model (CTM), used by a large atmospheric chemistry research community, has been re-engineered to also serve as an atmospheric chemistry module for Earth system models (ESMs). This was done using an Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) interface that operates independently of the GEOSChem scientific code, permitting the exact same GEOSChem code to be used as an ESM module or as a standalone CTM. In this manner, the continual stream of updates contributed by the CTM user community is automatically passed on to the ESM module, which remains state of science and referenced to the latest version of the standard GEOS-Chem CTM. A major step in this re-engineering was to make GEOS-Chem grid independent, i.e., capable of using any geophysical grid specified at run time. GEOS-Chem data sockets were also created for communication between modules and with external ESM code. The grid-independent, ESMF-compatible GEOS-Chem is now the standard version of the GEOS-Chem CTM. It has been implemented as an atmospheric chemistry module into the NASA GEOS- 5 ESM. The coupled GEOS-5-GEOS-Chem system was tested for scalability and performance with a tropospheric oxidant-aerosol simulation (120 coupled species, 66 transported tracers) using 48-240 cores and message-passing interface (MPI) distributed-memory parallelization. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the GEOS-Chem chemistry module scales efficiently for the number of cores tested, with no degradation as the number of cores increases. Although inclusion of atmospheric chemistry in ESMs is computationally expensive, the excellent scalability of the chemistry module means that the relative cost goes down with increasing number of cores in a massively parallel environment.

  15. Analysis of CO in the tropical troposphere using Aura satellite data and the GEOS-Chem model: insights into transport characteristics of the GEOS meteorological products

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    Junhua Liu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available We use the GEOS-Chem chemistry-transport model (CTM to interpret the spatial and temporal variations of tropical tropospheric CO observed by the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS and the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES. In so doing, we diagnose and evaluate transport in the GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 assimilated meteorological fields that drive the model, with a particular focus on vertical mixing at the end of the dry season when convection moves over the source regions. The results indicate that over South America, deep convection in both GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 decays at too low an altitude early in the wet season, and the source of CO from isoprene in the model (MEGAN v2.1 is too large, causing a lag in the model's seasonal maximum of CO compared to MLS CO in the upper troposphere (UT. TES and MLS data reveal problems with excessive transport of CO to the eastern equatorial Pacific and lofting in the ITCZ in August and September, particularly in GEOS-4. Over southern Africa, GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 simulations match the phase of the observed CO variation from the lower troposphere (LT to the UT fairly well, although the magnitude of the seasonal maximum is underestimated considerably due to low emissions in the model. A sensitivity run with increased emissions leads to improved agreement with observed CO in the LT and middle troposphere (MT, but the amplitude of the seasonal variation is too high in the UT in GEOS-4. Difficulty in matching CO in the LT and UT implies there may be overly vigorous vertical mixing in GEOS-4 early in the wet season. Both simulations and observations show a time lag between the peak in fire emissions (July and August and in CO (September and October. We argue that it is caused by the prevailing subsidence in the LT until convection moves south in September, as well as the low sensitivity of TES data in the LT over the African Plateau. The MLS data suggest that too much CO has been transported from fires in northern Africa to the UT

  16. Evaluation of cool season precipitation event characteristics over the Northeast US in a suite of downscaled climate model hindcasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loikith, Paul C.; Waliser, Duane E.; Kim, Jinwon; Ferraro, Robert

    2017-08-01

    Cool season precipitation event characteristics are evaluated across a suite of downscaled climate models over the northeastern US. Downscaled hindcast simulations are produced by dynamically downscaling the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications version 2 (MERRA2) using the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)-Unified Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) regional climate model (RCM) and the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) global climate model. NU-WRF RCM simulations are produced at 24, 12, and 4-km horizontal resolutions using a range of spectral nudging schemes while the MERRA2 global downscaled run is provided at 12.5-km. All model runs are evaluated using four metrics designed to capture key features of precipitation events: event frequency, event intensity, even total, and event duration. Overall, the downscaling approaches result in a reasonable representation of many of the key features of precipitation events over the region, however considerable biases exist in the magnitude of each metric. Based on this evaluation there is no clear indication that higher resolution simulations result in more realistic results in general, however many small-scale features such as orographic enhancement of precipitation are only captured at higher resolutions suggesting some added value over coarser resolution. While the differences between simulations produced using nudging and no nudging are small, there is some improvement in model fidelity when nudging is introduced, especially at a cutoff wavelength of 600 km compared to 2000 km. Based on the results of this evaluation, dynamical regional downscaling using NU-WRF results in a more realistic representation of precipitation event climatology than the global downscaling of MERRA2 using GEOS-5.

  17. MODEL KEPEMIMPINAN INSTRUKSIONAL KEPALA SEKOLAH

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    Husaini Usman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan model kepemimpinan instruksional kepala sekolah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis multikasus. Instrumen penelitan adalah peneliti sendiri. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara mendalam, observasi partisipasi, dan dokumentasi. Subjek penelitian adalah kepala sekolah, wakil kepala sekolah, dan guru secara snowball. Informan kunci dalam penelitian ini adalah kepala sekolah. Objek penelitian adalah pelaku, konsep, tempat, dan kegiatan. Langkah-langkah dan analisis data menggunakan model Creswell (2014. Keabsahan data dilakukan dengan kriteria kredibilitas, transferabilitas, dependabilitas, dan konfirmabilitas. Pada penelitian ditemukan model kepemimpinan instruksional kepala sekolah dengan siklus: pemahaman definisi kepemimpinan instruksional; tujuan dan manfaat kepemimpinan instruksional; indikator kepemimpinan instruksional yang efektif; strategi kepemimpinan instruksional; carapraktis melaksanakan kepemimpinan instruksional. Kata Kunci: kepemimpinan, instruksional, kepala sekolah THE SCHOOL PRINCIPALS’ INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP MODEL Abstract: This study was aimed to find a school principals’ instructional leadership model. This study used the multicase qualitative approach. The instrument was the researcher himself. The data were collected using the in-depth interviews, participant observation, and documentation. The subjects were the school principals, vice principals, and teachers taken using the snowball sampling technique. The key informants were the school principals. The object of the study was the persons, concept, places, and activities. The stages and the data analysis used Creswell’s (2014 model. The data validation was carried out using the credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability criteria. The findings showed that the school principals’ instructional model followed the following cycle: an understanding of

  18. Model Pembelajaran Seni Musik melalui Lesson Study: Studi Kasus di SDN Jawilan, Serang

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    Yulianti Fitriani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini dilatar-belakangi persoalan pembelajaran seni musik di SDN Jawilan Kab. Serang. Di SD ini penyelenggaraan pendidikan seni belum memperoleh perhatian yang cukup baik dari guru. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari pembagian alokasi waktu pembelajaran dan keterlibatan guru kelas yang tidak memiliki latar belakang pendidikan seni (musik. Dampak yang muncul, rata-rata siswa belum memiliki kemandirian dalam berkreativitas dan kurang berpartisipasi aktif dalam kegiatan musik baik di sekolah maupun di luar sekolah. Untuk memperbaiki persoalan tersebut dirasa perlu meminjam Lesson Study yang di dalamnya terdapat metode, pendekatan dan strategi pembelajaran sebagai pola untuk membelajarkan seni musik agar dapat memberikan alternatif sudut pandang terhadap persoalan metode yang tepat guna dan terencana dalam pengajaran pendidikan musik di SD, termasuk paradigma membelajarkan musik secara hakiki. Hasil yang diperoleh dapat memberikan alternatif sebagai dasar pengembangan pembelajaran seni musik.   The Model of Music Learning through a Lesson Study: A Case Study in Jawilan Elementary School, Serang. The learning problems of music lessons at Jawilan Elementary School in Serang becomes the mainly source of the research background in this article. The implementation of art education in this school has not gained enough attention from teachers. It can be seen from the distribution of the allocated time of learning and the involvement of classroom teachers who do not have sufficient background in art education (music. The appearing impact shows that the average of students do not have any independence in creativity and have less-active participation in the activities of musical arts either in school or outside the school. However, solving the problem is necessary to do by using a Lesson Study as a pattern (approaches, strategies, and methods of learning to teach music that can be used as an alternative point of view in developing methods and organizing the

  19. PERBEDAAN HASIL BELAJAR EKONOMI ANTARA MODEL THINK-PAIR-SHARE DAN MODEL CONCEPT MAPPING PADA SISWA SMA 1 NGUTER SUKOHARJO

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    Nina Mahardani

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Pemilihan model belajar yang tepat oleh guru dalam proses belajar mengajar mampu menciptakan suasana belajar yang efektif dan menyenangkan, serta dapat mempermudah siswa dalam menerima dan memahami materi yang dipelajari. Hal itu terlihat pada pencapaian hasil belajar yang berkualitas ditunjukkan dengan capaian nilai diatas standar ketuntasan. Salah satu cara yang dapat dilakukan oleh guru dalam pembelajaran adalah dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran think pair share dan concept mapping. Sampel dalam penelitian ini yaitu 72 siswa kelas X SMA I Nguter Sukoharjo. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu kuisioner, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah statistik deskriptif dengan analisis frekuensi dan uji statistik t tes. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut menunjukkan adanya perbedaan, hal ini ditunjukkan dengan uji t diperoleh t hitung = 2.31 > t tabel = 1.99 yang berada pada daerah penolakan Ho untuk α = 5% dengan dk = 36+36-2 = 70. Disimpulkan bahwa model pembelajaran concept mapping lebih baik dibanding model pembelajaran think pair share dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Selection of an appropriate model of learning by the teacher in the learning process to create an effective learning environment and fun, and can facilitate students to receive and understand the material being studied. It was seen on achieving quality learning outcomes indicated by values ​​above performance standards mastery. One way that can be done by the teacher in learning is to apply a think pair share and concept mapping learning model. The sample for this study are 72 students grade ten in SMA 1 Nguter Sukoharjo . Data collection techniques were used questionnaires, observation, and documentation. Data analysis techniques in this research were used descriptive statistical analysis of the frequency and statistical test by t test. Based on these results reveal differences, as shown by the t

  20. Model Threshold untuk Pembelajaran Memproduksi Pantun Kelas XI

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    Fitri Nura Murti

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The learning pantun method in schools provided less opportunity to develop the students’ creativity in producing pantun. This situation was supported by the result of the observation conducted on eleventh graders at SMAN 2 Bondowoso. It showed that the students tend to plagiarize their pantun. The general objective of this research and development is to develop Threshold Pantun model for learning to produce pantun for elevent graders. The product was presented in guidance book for teachers entitled “Pembelajaran Memproduksi Pantun Menggunakan Model Threshold Pantun untuk Kelas XI”. This study adapted design method of Borg-Gall’s R&D procedure. The result of this study showed that Threshold Pantun model was appropriate to be implemented for learning to produce pantun. Key Words: Threshold Pantun model, produce pantun Abstrak: Pembelajaran pantun di sekolah selama ini kurang mengembangkan kreativitas siswa dalam memproduksi pantun. Hal tersebut dikuatkan oleh hasil observasi siswa kelas XI SMAN 2 Bondowoso yang menunjukkan adanya kecenderungan produk siswa bersifat plagiat. Tujuan penelitian dan pengembangan ini secara umum adalah mengembangkan model Threshold Pantun untuk pembelajaran memproduksi pantun kelas XI..Produk disajikan dalam bentuk buku panduan bagi guru dengan judul “Pembelajaran Memproduksi Pantun Menggunakan Model Threshold Pantun untuk Kelas XI”. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian yang diadaptasi dari prosedur penelitian dan pengembangan Borg dan Gall. Berdasarkan hasil validasi model Threshold Pantun untuk pembelajaran memproduksi pantun layak diimplementasikan. Kata kunci: model Threshold Pantun, memproduksi pantun

  1. PENGARUH MINAT MENJADI GURU, PENGUASAAN MKDK, DAN PPL TERHADAP KESIAPAN MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU

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    Bintan Roisah

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of interest in becoming a teacher. Mastery of basic courses of education, and practice of field experience on the readiness of students to be teachers simultaneously or partially. The population of this study is a student of accounting education class of 2013 who have taken the basic courses of education and practice field experience amounted to 188 students. A sample of 123 students taken using porpotional random sampling technique of Isaac and Michael calculations. Methods of data collection using questionnaire techniques. Data analysis methods used are descriptive analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that simultaneously the interest to be a teacher, the mastery of the basic subjects of education and practice of field experience simultaneously affect the readiness of students to be teachers in the accounting education students in 2013 FE Unnes. Partial interest in becoming teachers influences the readiness of students to become teachers, the mastery of the basic subjects of education affect the readiness of students to become teachers, field experience practices affect the readiness of students to become teachers. Suggestion given in this research is student must always increase readiness in becoming teacher and interest become teacher.

  2. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU PROFESIONAL BERBASIS PENULISAN ARTIKEL HASIL PTK BAGI GURU ANGGOTA PGRI DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO

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    Suwarno Widodo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of community service activities Ib.M is to provide training and mentoring to teachers in the district Purworedjo PGRI members in order to enhance the professional development of teachers Sustainable pascasertifikasi scientific publications based on the results of PTK . The method used is the method of lecture , discussion , question and answer , the methods of training , assignment , and mentoring . The approach includes five stages are carried out systematically and continuously by stages : 1 the first phase , the delivery of material : ( 1 Technical Proposal Preparation Class Action Research , (2 Technical Report Preparation TOD ; ( 3 Techniques of Writing Action Research Results classes and ( 4 Rule Tata Write Journal of Advanced Research ; 2 the second stage , the preparation of training proposals and reports PTK; drill results TOD article preparation ; 3 the third stage , the implementation of TOD mentoring practices in the field , 4 The fourth stage , mentoring and supervising the preparation of TOD , and 5 the fifth stage , mentoring practices PTK compose articles results ready for publication in research journals . Outcomes generated targets are teachers : 1 motivated and willing to develop innovative learning in school through PTK and 2 make the results TOD article that is ready to be loaded and Teaching Education Research Journal Educational Insights air- ISSN 2354-5739 Volume 1 Number first issue 1 November 2013 . As a follow up , PGRI Ib.M Purworejo as partners to form a product will follow Journal of Educational Research and Teaching " Educational Insights" which is planned to be published 2 times a year ie May and November. Keywords: action research, scientific publications, articles ?é?á

  3. Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Kompetensi Guru Dan Kompensasi Terhadap Kinerja Guru

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    Retno Resawati

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the effect of school leadership, teacher competence and compensation on teacher performance. The object of research is one of the elementary schools in Bandung. Data were colledted from population in this study as 34 teachers. Which quantitative research methods and techniques Path Analysis. The results showed that there is significant influence of school leadership, teacher competence and compensation on teacher performance either partially or simultaneously. The survey results revealed that the simultaneous effect of school leadership, teacher competence and compensation on the performance of teachers by 65.6% while the remaining 34.4% influenced by other variables not examined in this study.

  4. PENGARUH SUPERVISI AKADEMIK, KOMPETENSI GURU DAN KEDISIPLINAN TERHADAP KINERJA GURU SMA NEGERI 3 SLAWI KABUPATEN TEGAL

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    Sussono Hadi

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This research is aimed at finding out the impact of academic supervision, teacher’s competence, and discipline towards the performance of teachers of SMA Negeri 3 Slawi, Tegal. This research used survey method. The data was collected using questionnaire and observation. There were 52 teachers as respondents. The data analysis used was percentage, multiple linear regression, F test and t test. The finding was : 1 academic supervision, teacher’s competence and discipline of SMA 3 Slawi teachers were very good, 2 academic supervision, teacher’s competence, and discipline together had impact towards teachers’ performance, 3 academic supervision, teacher’s competence, and discipline separately had impact on teachers’ performance, and 4 discipline had the strongest impact towards teachers’ performance. With this result it is suggested that the Diknas (the regential ministry of education intensify the academic supervision, continually developing teacher’s competence, and enforcing discipline on teachers and schools. Key words: academic supervision, competence, discipline, teacher’s performance

  5. Implementasi Kebijakan Sertifikasi Guru dalam Rangka Meningkatkan Profesionalitas Guru di Kota Yogyakarta

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    Bachtiar Dwi Kurniawan

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted to determine teacher certification policies, especially the line of portofolio, in order to improve profesionalism teachers. Research certification policy implementation especially want to see how far the process of implementation conducted by the executive, and what factors influence teacher certification policy implementation in Kota Yogyakarta. Further research is intended to see the impact of teacher certification policy toward teacher professionalism in teaching and learning. This research was conducted using qualitative methods with descriptive approach. This study found several things, including: first, in terms of teacher certification process of policy implementation in both the City Department of Education and LPTKs can be said to run well and smoothly, just have a little problem, both are experiencing problems related to the limited facilities and supporting infrastructure. It happened because the central government did not allocate budget to support the implementation of the program. Second, in terms of policy impact, there has been no increase in certified teachers’ professionalism significantly. The attitude of teachers in conducting certification policy is only visible when pursuing welfare only, while the quality of teaching received less attention

  6. Implementasi Kebijakan Sertifikasi Guru dalam Rangka Meningkatkan Profesionalitas Guru di Kota Yogyakarta

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    Bachtiar Dwi Kurniawan

    2011-01-01

    This research was conducted to determine teacher certification policies, especially the line of portofolio, in order to improve profesionalism teachers. Research certification policy implementation especially want to see how far the process of implementation conducted by the executive, and what factors influence teacher certification policy implementation in Kota Yogyakarta. Further research is intended to see the impact of teacher certification policy toward teacher professionalism in teachi...

  7. PROGRAM GURU MENULIS: UPAYA PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU SEJARAH DALAM PENULISAN KARYA ILMIAH DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

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    Ibnu Sodiq

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this activity is (1 Adding insight and understanding of the history teacher to many types of scientific kara; (2 Stimulate the spirit of the teacher to develop competence particularly in the field of scientific writing; (3 Stimulating new ideas and teachers in scientific writing for the purposes of education and professional development; (4 Introduce and help teachers publish scientific papers in journals ilmiah.Kegiatan training was conducted by the method of seminars and workshops. Implementation of detailed training is divided into several activities, namely: (1 Presentation on the various themes that can be developed in the writing of scientific papers; (2 Presentation of the systematic writing scientific papers and procedures writing in scientific journals; (3 A discussion of various issues related to the material presented; (4 Assignment yan manufacture of scientific work was accompanied by a team of devotion; (5 Assistance and evaluation by both parties or by the PPM Team History MGMPs Semarang.Setelah District conducted a series of training, participants know the significance kmpetensi professional development through the development of a scientific article.

  8. Hubungan Keterampilan Manajerial Kepala Sekolah dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru dengan Performansi Mengajar Guru

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    Holten Sion

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This descriptive correlational survey aimed to investigate how principal's managerial skills and teacher's job satisfaction related to teacher's performance in remote areas. Using combined random-and-cluster sampling, this study involved 109 elementary schools. Data on principal's managerial skills and teacher's satisfaction were obtained through the use of questionnaires, whereas data on teaching performance were collected from observation. The results indicate that there was a significant relationship between the two variables of managerial skills and job satisfaction, which were of fair level, and teacher performance.

  9. The Earth System Prediction Suite: Toward a Coordinated U.S. Modeling Capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theurich, Gerhard; DeLuca, C.; Campbell, T.; Liu, F.; Saint, K.; Vertenstein, M.; Chen, J.; Oehmke, R.; Doyle, J.; Whitcomb, T.; hide

    2016-01-01

    The Earth System Prediction Suite (ESPS) is a collection of flagship U.S. weather and climate models and model components that are being instrumented to conform to interoperability conventions, documented to follow metadata standards, and made available either under open source terms or to credentialed users.The ESPS represents a culmination of efforts to create a common Earth system model architecture, and the advent of increasingly coordinated model development activities in the U.S. ESPS component interfaces are based on the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF), community-developed software for building and coupling models, and the National Unified Operational Prediction Capability (NUOPC) Layer, a set of ESMF-based component templates and interoperability conventions. This shared infrastructure simplifies the process of model coupling by guaranteeing that components conform to a set of technical and semantic behaviors. The ESPS encourages distributed, multi-agency development of coupled modeling systems, controlled experimentation and testing, and exploration of novel model configurations, such as those motivated by research involving managed and interactive ensembles. ESPS codes include the Navy Global Environmental Model (NavGEM), HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM), and Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS); the NOAA Environmental Modeling System (NEMS) and the Modular Ocean Model (MOM); the Community Earth System Model (CESM); and the NASA ModelE climate model and GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model.

  10. MODEL PENGENALAN PERMAINAN DALAM PEMBELAJARAN LOMPAT JAUH PADA SISWA KELAS ATAS SEKOLAH DASAR

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    Kurnia Azis Setyawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pengenalan pembelajaran lompat jauh pada siswa sekolah dasar (SD kelas atas tahun pelajaran 2013/2014 di Kecamatan Srumbung, Kabupaten Magelang. Model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan diharapkan untuk digunakan guru SD sebagai salah satu bentuk pembelajaran lompat jauh yang baik dan efektif. Penelitian pengembangan ini dilakukan dengan mengadaptasi langkah-langkah penelitian pengembangan sebagai berikut: (1 pengumpulan informasi di lapangan, (2 melakukan analisis terhadap informasi yang telah dikumpul-kan, (3 mengembangkan produk awal (draf model, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba lapangan skala kecil dan revisi, (6 uji coba lapangan skala besar dan revisi, dan (7 pembuatan produk final. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas 5 SD N Tegalrandu dan SD N Polengan, Kecamatan Srumbung yang berjumlah 31 siswa. Uji coba skala besar dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas 5 SD N Tegalrandu, SD N Polengan, SD N Pucanganom, SD N Pandanretno, SD N Soka 1 yang berjumlah 81 siswa. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu; (1 pedoman wawancara, (2 skala nilai, (3 pedoman observasi model pembelajaran, (4 pedoman observasi keefektifan model pembelajaran. Teknik analisis data yang dilakukan yaitu analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini berupa buku dan video model pengenalan dalam pembelajaran lompat jauh pada SD kelas atas. Berdasarkan penilaian ahli materi cabang olahraga atletik dan guru penjasor-kes, produk model pengenalan dalam pembelajaran lompat jauh pada SD kelas atas, sudah sesuai dan layak untuk digunakan oleh guru penjasorkes dalam mengajarkan materi lompat jauh kepada siswanya dengan nilai rata-rata 98,1%. Kata kunci: pengembangan, permainan, model pengenalan pembelajaran lompat jauh   INTRODUCTION MODELS IN LEARNING GAMES OF LONG JUMP IN UPPER CLASS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Abstract This study aims to produce introduction models of the

  11. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE LEARNING TOGETHER UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA KELAS XI B PADA MATA PELAJARAN PKN DI SMK PGRI II SALATIGA

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    Nani Mediatati

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Hasil pengamatan peneliti terhadap pembelajaran PKn di kelas XI B SMK PGRI II Salatiga, nampak bahwa guru masih menggunakan metode ceramah dan tanya jawab dalam menyampaikan materi. Pembelajaran lebih berpusat pada guru dan menekankan pada pembelajaran secara individual, sehingga tingkat keaktifan siswa rendah (34,25% dari seluruh siswa di kelas . Hal ini juga berdampak kepada rendahnya hasil belajar yang mencapai 62,17 persen siswa di bawah KKM ( 75 . Terkait masih rendahnya keaktifan siswa serta rendahnya hasil belajar siswa tersebut, maka dilakukan PTK sebagai upaya untuk meningkatkan keaktifan dan hasil belajar siswa melalui penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe learning together, sebagai salah satu alternatif pembelajaran yang lebih tepat. Indikator keberhasilan yang ditetapkan dalam penelitian ini adalah keaktifan belajar siswa meningkat lebih dari 80 persen dari jumlah siswa dan hasil belajar siswa mencapai KKM (≥ 75 meningkat 100 persen. Selama proses pembelajaran menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe learning together keaktifan belajar siswa dapat meningkat, karena siswa diberdayakan dan diberi kepercayaan untuk kritis dan terlibat aktif dalam kegiatan belajar. Ketercapaian persentase rata-rata keaktifan belajar siswa mencapai 71,4 persen pada siklus I yang lebih baik dari rata-rata keaktifan belajar siswa pada pra siklus yang hanya mencapai 34,25 persen saja, pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 91,4 persen. Dampak positif dari meningkatnya keaktifan belajar siswa adalah pada hasil belajar siswa yang juga meningkat, semula nilai rata-rata 72,43 pada pra siklus menjadi 75,86 pada siklus I dan 80,92 pada siklus II. Ketercapaian KKM (75, semula 37,83 persen pada pra siklus meningkat menjadi 81,08 persen pada siklus I dan menjadi 100 persen pada siklus II.

  12. Development of Web-Based Formative Assessment Model to Enhance Physics Concepts of Students

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    Ediyanto Ediyanto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan Model Penilaian Formatif Berbasis Web untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Fisika Siswa   Abstract: There are two approaches of learning assessment, called formative and summative. The formative assessment is applicable because it involves students directly during the process, may im-prove these students perceptive. The limited time in class makes this process difficult, then the de-velopment of both online and offline formative assessment, provide responsive feedback for teachers and students, is definitely needed. This research goal is to produce a model of web-based formative assessment for physics. This study used research design and development of the formative assess-ment-model. Questionnaire is used for product validation, consist of validation of textbook,  instrument of pre and post-learning quizzes and web product.The result of quantitative analysis shows that the developed product is valid without any revision. Based on qualitative data, the product revision follows comments and suggestions from expert’s validation, teachers and students. The product testing shows that the formative assessment-model may improve students’ conceptual comprehension. Key Words: formatice assessment-model, students’ conceptual comprehension of physics, web-based   Abstrak: Penilaian terbagi menjadi dua macam yaitu penilaian formatif dan penilaian sumatif. Penilaian formatif tepat digunakan karena prosesnya melibatkan siswa secara langsung di dalam proses pembelajaran dan mampu meningkatkan pemahaman konsep siswa. Keterbatasan waktu di kelas menyebabkan proses ini sulit dilakukan, maka perlu dikembangkan model penilaian formatif secara online dan off-line yang dapat memberikan umpan balik yang cepat bagi siswa dan guru. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah menghasilkan model web-based penilaian formatif untuk pembelajaran fisika. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan penelitian dan pengembangan model penilaian formatif. Instrumen yang digunakan

  13. PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN LEARNING CYCLE TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA

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    Aryani Novianti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran Learning Cycle pada konsep Sistem Pencernaan pada Manusia terhadap keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa. Adapun model pembelajaran Learning Cycle yang diterapkan adalah jenis 5E (Engangement, Exploration, Explanation, Elaboration dan Evaluation. Populasi dari penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas VIII SMP N 9 Kota Tangerang Selatan sedangkan sampelnya adalah seluruh siswa di kelas VIII 7 (38 orang dan VIII 8 (38 orang SMP N 9 Kota Tangsel. Teknik pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan teknik Sampling Purposive. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian Quasi-eksperimental design dengan desain penelitian berupa nonequivalent control group design. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa tes tertulis berupa pilihan ganda dan esai yang ditujukan untuk mengukur keterampilan berpikir kritis. Sedangkan lembar observasi digunakan untuk mengamati keterlaksanaan model pembelajaran Learning Cycle oleh guru dan keterampilan berpikir kritis yang tergali oleh siswa. Analisis data menggunakan uji-t diperoleh hasil thitung 3,703 dan ttabel pada taraf signifikansi 5 % sebesar 2, maka thitung > ttabel. Hal ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model pembelajaran Learning Cycle pada konsep Sistem Pencernaan pada Manusia berpengaruh terhadap keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa.

  14. CHARACTER EDUCATION MODEL BASED ON EDUCATION IN ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL

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    Novrian Satria Perdana

    2015-10-01

      Abstrak, Berbagai upaya untuk menjadikan pendidikan lebih mempunyai makna bagi individu yang menyentuh tataran afektif telah dilakukan melalui mata pelajaran Pendidikan Agama, Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan, Pendidikan IPS, Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia, dan Pendidikan Jasmani. Namun demikian upaya-upaya tersebut ternyata belum mampu mewadahi pengembangan karakter secara dinamis dan adaptif terhadap perubahan jaman yang sangat cepat. Permasalahan gagalnya pendidikan formal di sekolah dalam membentuk karakter siswa sangat perlu diantisipasi, sehingga perlu dikembangkan suatu model pembelajaran dan system pendidikan yang dapat digunakan untuk membentuk karakter siswa. Permasalahan pendidikan di sekolah yang belum dapat membentuk karakter siswa dipengaruhi oleh beberapa factor, diantaranya factor manajemen sekolah, guru, dan model pembelajaran. Untuk memperoleh model pembelajaran yang cocok, telah dilakukan penelitian tentang best practices pendidikan karakter di beberapa pesantren yang berada di propinsi Sumatera Utara, propinsi Nangroe Aceh Darussalam, propinsi Sumatera Barat, propinsi Riau, propinsi Jambi, dan propinsi Sumatera Selatan. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan dua tehnik yang lazim digunakan dalam penelitian dalam penelitian kualitatif, yaitu; observasi dan wawancara mendalam. Ditemukan bahwa pesantren salafiyah lebih mengutamakan keteladanan ustadz, sedangkan pesantren modern menerapkan aturan yang ketat untuk menumbuhkan sikap disiplin dan tanggungjawab. Pesantren menumbuhkan atribut karakter saling tolong menolong, ihklas mengabdi, kesederhanaan, dan kemandirian. Kebijakan yang dapat diambil berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini adalah menerapkan pendidikan karakter secara holistic melalui program sekolah yang harus dipahami dan dipatuhi oleh semua unsur pendidik dan peserta didik.  Untuk itu, lembaga pendidikan seharusnya menetapkan misi yang eksplisit terkait pengembangan karakter siswa.   Kata Kunci: pendidikan karakter, model

  15. Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Matematika Berbasis Concept Attainment Model (CAM untuk Peserta Didik Kelas VIII SMP

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    Eka Jihadah Syaspasbandah

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan yang bertujuan untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika berbasis Concept Attainment Model (CAM yang valid, praktis, dan efektif terhadap hasil belajar dan aktivitas peserta didik SMP kelas VIII. Perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan mengikuti prosedur pengembangan Model Plomp yang terdiri dari 3 tahap, yaitu tahap analisis pendahuluan, tahap pengembangan atau pembuatan prototipe, dan tahap penilaian. Uji validitas perangkat pembelajaran dilakukan oleh lima orang ahli dari bidang matematika, teknologi pendidikan, dan bahasa Indonesia. Pengujian kepraktisan perangkat pembelajaran diukur dari tiga hal yaitu: keterlaksanaan perangkat pembelajaran, respon peserta didik, dan respon guru. Untuk menilai efektifitas perangkat pembelajaran, dilakukan dengan mengumpulkan data melalui pengamatan terhadap aktivitas belajar matematika peserta didik selama kegiatan pembelajaran dan nilai tes hasil belajar matematika peserta didik. Hasil pegujian tersebut mengidentifikasi bahwa perangkat pembelajaran matematika berbasis CAM yang dikembangkan dinyatakan valid menurut para ahli, praktis berdasarkan guru dan peserta didik sebagai pengguna, dan efektif terlihat dari aktivitas peserta didik selama proses pembelajaran yang mengalami peningkatan. Kata kunci: penelitian pengembangan, Concept Attainment Model, hasil belajar, aktivitas belajar, Model Plomp   ABSTRACT This research is development research aims to produces mathematics learning equipment based on valid, practical, and effective CAM for learning outcome and students activity of VIII grade junior high school. The developed learning equipment uses the procedure of Plomp Model that consists of 3 stages, they are preliminary research, development or prototyping phase, and assessment phase. Validity test of learning equipment is done by 5 experts from mathematics, eduaction technology, and indonesian language. Practical learning equipment test is

  16. MODEL REMEDIASI MISKONSEPSI MATERI RANGKAIAN LISTRIK DENGAN PENDEKATAN SIMULASI PhET

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    Mursalin -

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen dengan rancangan “One-Group Pretest-Posttest Design”. Sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswa calon guru fisika yang dipilih dengan teknik random sampling. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan tes pilihan ganda dengan pertanyaan (alasan terbuka disertai dengan model Certainty of Response Index. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah meremediasi miskonsepsi mahasiswa calon guru pada topik rangkaian listrik dengan model simulasi PhET berbantuan lembar kerja. Hasil penelitian pasca pretest diperoleh persentase mahasiswa yang miskonsepsi, terbesar pada konsep: (a arus listrik pada lampu-2 pasca lampu-1 dicabut pada rangkaian paralel (53%, (b beda potensial rangkaian terbuka yang mengandung sumber tegangan (48%, (c gaya gerak listrik dan tegangan jepit (47%, (d tegangan jepit dan arus listrik rangkaian yang mengandung sumber tegangan paralel (37%, dan (e arus listrik pada hubungan singkat (28%. Pasca treatment dengan model simulasi PhET berbantuan lembar kerja, hasil posttest menunjukkan 9 konsep (90% berhasil dipahami dengan baik oleh mahasiswa termasuk yang berstatus menebak konsep, kurang paham konsep, dan miskonsepsi; sedangkan konsep ggl dan tegangan jepit (1 konsep hanya berhasil meminimalkan pemahaman konsep dan miskonsepsi mahasiswa dengan persentase menebak konsep 22%, kurang paham konsep 17%, dan miskonsepsi 11%. This research used the experiment method withOne-Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The research samples were students of physics teacher candidates that selected by random sampling technique. The research instrument used a multiple-choice test accompanied by Certainty of Response Index model. The aims of this research was to remediate misconceptions of students of physics teacher candidates on the electrical circuits topic with the PhET simulation model. The results of this research after pretest showed that the largest percentage of students’ misconceptions was on the concept of (a an

  17. MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERTANYA SISWA MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH PADA POKOK BAHASAN INTI MASALAH EKONOMI

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    Rian Wijaya Putra

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi yang dilakukan oleh peneliti di kelas X3 SMA N 2 Kendal, menunjukkan bahwa kondisi pembelajaran pada mata pelajaran ekonomi belum dapat menarik minat dan keaktifan siswa. Hal ini diduga disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor. Salah satunya model pembelajaran konvensional seperti guru menerangkan materi pembelajaran dan siswa hanya mendengarkan penjelasan dari guru selanjutnya siswa diberi tugas rumah untuk dikerjakan. Hal ini membuat siswa menjadi pasif dalam proses pembelajaran. Indikator dari pasifnya siswa adalah terlihat bahwa dalam proses pembelajaran di kelas, masih banyak siswa yang enggan untuk bertanya, menjawab, maupun menanggapi pertanyaan guru. Siswa cenderung malas untuk menggali potensi diri mereka sehingga pembelajaran menjadi kurang optimal. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut perlu dilakukan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran yang menarik dan menyenangkan salah satunya yaitu dengan pembelajaran berbasis masalah. Tujuannya yaitu untuk mengetahui apakah dengan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah dapat meningkatkan kemampuan bertanya siswa kelas X3 SMA N 2 Kendal. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X3 SMA N 2 Kendal . Penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilaksanakan terdiri dari 2 siklus. Proses penelitian terdiri dari 4 langkah yaitu : 1 perencanaan, 2 pelaksanaan 3 observasi 4 refleksi. Jenis data yang diambil yaitu kemampuan bertanya siswa melalui teknik non tes yaitu mengamati aktivitas siswa selama proses pembelajaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan bertanya siswa meningkat pada setiap siklusnya, terbukti dari hasil siklus I hanya 14 siswa atau sekitar 43,75% sedangkan pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 20 siswa atau sekitar 62,50%. Hal ini berarti hasil pada siklus II sudah mencapai indikator keberhasilan karena sudah lebih dari 60% siswa memiliki kemampuan bertanya dalam pelajaran ekonomi.Dari hasil penelitian diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran berbasis

  18. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS KOMPETENSI BIDANG KELISTRIKAN DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riana T. Mangesa Dyah D. Andayani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah mengembangkan model pembelajaran dan perangkat pembelajaran berbasis kompetensi terintegrasi pendidikan karakter di SMK. Penelitian ini termasuk jenis Research & Development yang mengacu tahapan Borg dan Gall (1983, yaitu yang terdiri atas analisis kebutuhan, perancangan pengembangan, validasi ahli dan revisi, uji coba, dan tahap implementasi. Data berupa data kuantitatif dan kualitatif yang diperoleh lewat angket. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah statistik deskriptif dan statistik nonparametrik, yaitu Kruskall Wallis yang penghitungannya memakai SPSS. Hasil penelitian berupa produk pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran bidang kelistrikan yang berupa modul, media, dan penilaian pencapaian kompetensi (rubrik penyekoran. Hasil pengembangan memenuhi tuntutan validitas, pencapaian kompetensi dalam proses pembelajaran yang dipergunakan secara keseluruhan tinggi, guru memberi skor penilaian melalui pencapai kompetensi sesuai kriteria dalam rubrik penyekoran terhadap ketiga aspek kompetensi, yaitu aspek kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik. Penilaian keefektifan pembelajaran secara menyeluruh menunjukkan bahwa siswa dan guru memberikan tanggapan secara aktif dan mencapai tujuan pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: pengembangan model penilaian, pembelajaran berbasis kompetensi, rubrik penye- koran, SMK DEVELOPING A COMPETENCE-BASED INSTRUCTIONAL MODEL IN THE ELECTRICAL FIELD IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS Abstract: This study was aimed to develop a competence-based instructional model integrated with character education in vocational schools. This study belonged to the Research and Development study using the stages as developed by Borg and Gall (1983: a needs analysis, developmental design, expert validation and revision, try-out, and implementation stages. The data were in the form of quantitative and qualitative data obtained through questionnaires. The data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics and non

  19. MODEL MISSOURI MATHEMATICS PROJECT TERPADU DENGAN TIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH DAN KEMANDIRIAN BELAJAR

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    Nailil Faroh

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPada kurikulum 2013 pelajaran TIK dihilangkan dan terintegrasi pada setiap matapelajaran.Ini menjadi tantangan bagi guru matematika supaya kompetensi TIK siswa tetap ditanamkan di sekolah meskipun pelajaran TIK telah dihilangkan.Skenario model MMPterpadu dengan TIK yaitu siswa diberi tugas terstrukturdengan memanfaatkan TIK pada setiap pertemuan.Tujuan penelitian ini adalahmenghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid, praktis, dan efektif. Penelitian inimerupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan menggunakan model Borg and Gall.Perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan adalah Silabus, RPP, Buku Siswa,LKS, dan TKPM.Cara pengambilan data dengan dokumen, angket, observasi,wawancara, dan tes. Pengolahan data uji efektifitas dengan uji ketuntasan, ujipengaruh, uji banding, dan uji peningkatan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan:perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan valid dengan skor rataan 4.14;perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan praktis karena respon positif  siswa83,10 % dan skor kemampuan guru mengelola kelas 4,26; pembelajaran matematikaefektif  karena rataan hasil TKPM kelas eksperimen 77,33 melebihi KKM = 70,rataan kelas ekperimen lebih tinggi daripada kelas kontrol, ada pengaruh positif kemandirian belajar dan keterampilan pemecahan masalah terhadap kemampuanpemecahan masalah sebesar 79%; serta terdapat peningkatan kemandirian,keterampilan pemecahan masalah, dan kemampuan pemecahan masalah.AbstractIn 2013 curriculum eliminated and integrated ICT lessons in each subject. It’s a challenge formathematics teachers ICT competencies that students stay in school despite the lessons instilledICT has removed.MMP Scenario models integrated with ICT that students are given structuredtasks with the use ICT at each meeting.The purpose this research to producemathematicallearningvalid, practical and effective. This research is development of  model Borg and Gall. Learning device was developed syllabus, lesson plans, Student Book, worksheets

  20. Keikutsertaan Guru Dalam Pengambilan Keputusan dan Motivasi Kerja Guru Dalam Hubungannya Dengan Produktivitas Kerja Guru SMA Negeri di Kabupaten Minahasa dan Kotamadya Manado

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    Evi E. Masengi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available There is a functional relationship between the participation in decision making as well as in work motivation and the productivity of teacher's work. This, among others, is revealed by a study conducted in Kabupaten Minahasa and Kotamadya Manado. The sample comprises 264 teachers of SMAN. Another result shows that there is no significant difference in the participation in decision making, work motivation and work productivity of male and female teachers.

  1. The Impact of Model and Rainfall Forcing Errors on Characterizing Soil Moisture Uncertainty in Land Surface Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggioni, V.; Anagnostou, E. N.; Reichle, R. H.

    2013-01-01

    The contribution of rainfall forcing errors relative to model (structural and parameter) uncertainty in the prediction of soil moisture is investigated by integrating the NASA Catchment Land Surface Model (CLSM), forced with hydro-meteorological data, in the Oklahoma region. Rainfall-forcing uncertainty is introduced using a stochastic error model that generates ensemble rainfall fields from satellite rainfall products. The ensemble satellite rain fields are propagated through CLSM to produce soil moisture ensembles. Errors in CLSM are modeled with two different approaches: either by perturbing model parameters (representing model parameter uncertainty) or by adding randomly generated noise (representing model structure and parameter uncertainty) to the model prognostic variables. Our findings highlight that the method currently used in the NASA GEOS-5 Land Data Assimilation System to perturb CLSM variables poorly describes the uncertainty in the predicted soil moisture, even when combined with rainfall model perturbations. On the other hand, by adding model parameter perturbations to rainfall forcing perturbations, a better characterization of uncertainty in soil moisture simulations is observed. Specifically, an analysis of the rank histograms shows that the most consistent ensemble of soil moisture is obtained by combining rainfall and model parameter perturbations. When rainfall forcing and model prognostic perturbations are added, the rank histogram shows a U-shape at the domain average scale, which corresponds to a lack of variability in the forecast ensemble. The more accurate estimation of the soil moisture prediction uncertainty obtained by combining rainfall and parameter perturbations is encouraging for the application of this approach in ensemble data assimilation systems.

  2. Equivalent Sensor Radiance Generation and Remote Sensing from Model Parameters. Part 1; Equivalent Sensor Radiance Formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wind, Galina; DaSilva, Arlindo M.; Norris, Peter M.; Platnick, Steven E.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we describe a general procedure for calculating equivalent sensor radiances from variables output from a global atmospheric forecast model. In order to take proper account of the discrepancies between model resolution and sensor footprint the algorithm takes explicit account of the model subgrid variability, in particular its description of the probably density function of total water (vapor and cloud condensate.) The equivalent sensor radiances are then substituted into an operational remote sensing algorithm processing chain to produce a variety of remote sensing products that would normally be produced from actual sensor output. This output can then be used for a wide variety of purposes such as model parameter verification, remote sensing algorithm validation, testing of new retrieval methods and future sensor studies. We show a specific implementation using the GEOS-5 model, the MODIS instrument and the MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS) Data Collection 5.1 operational remote sensing cloud algorithm processing chain (including the cloud mask, cloud top properties and cloud optical and microphysical properties products.) We focus on clouds and cloud/aerosol interactions, because they are very important to model development and improvement.

  3. LEARNING CYCLE-7E MODEL TO INCREASE STUDENT’S CRITICAL THINKING ON SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartono -

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh model pembelajaran Learning Cycle-7E  yang dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa dan menuntaskan hasil belajar siswa SMPN 21 Semarang terhadap matapelajaran IPA. Penelitian PTK ini dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Siklus pertama belum menunjukkan peningkatan yang maksimum. Aktivitas bertanya kepada guru, keseriusan melaksanakan tugas, dan persiapan dalam mengikuti pelajaran masih pada kategori sedang. Ketuntasan belajar secara individual dan klasikal belum memenuhi kriteria yang ditetapkan. Oleh sebab itu, aktivitas ini menjadi fokus perbaikan pada siklus berikutnya. Hasil pada siklus ke-dua menunjukkan peningkatan yang signifikan. Kemampuan berpikir kritis telah tumbuh, aktivitas bertanya pada guru dan keseriusan dalam melaksanakan tugas meningkat pada kategori tinggi. Ketuntasan belajar klasikal sebesar 79%, melebihi kriteria keberhasilan tindakan yang ditetapkan pada penelitian ini yaitu sebesar 75%. Hal ini berarti bahwa model pembelajaran Learning Cycle-7E dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa, tanpa mengganggu hasil belajar kognitifnya. This research aimed to increase the students’ critical thinking by designing Learning Cycle- 7E which is suitable with the criteria set out in SJHS 21 Semarang. Thisclassroom action research was carried out in two cycles. In cycle-I, the students’ critical thinking was growing but not maximum, their activity during learning process was in medium category. That is why there were several aspects of students’ activity that need to be investigated. They were the students’courage to ask the teacher, their seriousness to do the assignments, and their readiness to learn as well as to prepare a question prior learning. The students’ average cognitive learning outcomes and the classical learning outcomes were not very satisfied. The result of the cycle-II showed a significant improvements. The students

  4. Use of Machine Learning Techniques for Iidentification of Robust Teleconnections to East African Rainfall Variability in Observations and Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, J. Brent; Robertson, Franklin R.; Funk, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Providing advance warning of East African rainfall variations is a particular focus of several groups including those participating in the Famine Early Warming Systems Network. Both seasonal and long-term model projections of climate variability are being used to examine the societal impacts of hydrometeorological variability on seasonal to interannual and longer time scales. The NASA / USAID SERVIR project, which leverages satellite and modeling-based resources for environmental decision making in developing nations, is focusing on the evaluation of both seasonal and climate model projections to develop downscaled scenarios for using in impact modeling. The utility of these projections is reliant on the ability of current models to capture the embedded relationships between East African rainfall and evolving forcing within the coupled ocean-atmosphere-land climate system. Previous studies have posited relationships between variations in El Niño, the Walker circulation, Pacific decadal variability (PDV), and anthropogenic forcing. This study applies machine learning methods (e.g. clustering, probabilistic graphical model, nonlinear PCA) to observational datasets in an attempt to expose the importance of local and remote forcing mechanisms of East African rainfall variability. The ability of the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS5) coupled model to capture the associated relationships will be evaluated using Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) simulations.

  5. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TEACHING FACTORY UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI SISWA DALAM MATA PELAJARAN PRODUKTIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadang Hidayat M.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Model of Teaching Factory to Promote Students' Competence in Productive Sub­jects. The present article reports on a research project using the model of six-step teaching factory known as Model TF-6M. This R & D project was aimed at promoting students' competences regarding productive subjects at Vocational Schools. The six steps in the teaching factory model include receiving orders, ana­lyzing orders, stating readiness in executing orders, execution of orders, doing quality control, and handing over products to customers. Prior to the implementation of the steps, the students and teachers made some agreements on the setting up of industrial atmosphere in the school, exercising communication skills, and exercising analysis of orders. The model was developed in the time blocks of six weeks in the fourth semester and six weeks in the fifth semester, which was subsequently followed with an exam on the competences. The results indicate that the model was effective in promoting students' productive competences. Abstrak: Model Pembelajaran Teaching Factory untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Siswa dalam Mata Pelajaran Produktif. Model teaching factory enam langkah adalah model pembelajaran hasil penelitian dengan menggunakan metode R&D. Model ini bertujuan meningkatkan kompetensi produktif siswa SMK. Enam langkah dari satu siklus model ini, yaitu menerima pemberi order, menganalisis order, menyatakan kesiapan mengerjakan order, mengerjakan order, melakukan quality control, dan menyerahkan order. Sebelum siklus model dilaksanakan, siswa dengan guru melakukan kesepakatan menciptakan iklim industri di sekolah, melakukan latihan berkomunikasi, dan berlatih menganalisis order. Model dilakukan dalam blok waktu enam minggu pada semester empat, enam minggu pada semester lima dan dilanjutkan dengan uji kompetensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan model ini efektif meningkatkan kompetensi produktif siswa.

  6. Impacts of the IBM Cell Processor to Support Climate Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Shujia; Duffy, Daniel; Clune, Tom; Suarez, Max; Williams, Samuel; Halem, Milt

    2008-01-01

    NASA is interested in the performance and cost benefits for adapting its applications to the IBM Cell processor. However, its 256KB local memory per SPE and the new communication mechanism, make it very challenging to port an application. We selected the solar radiation component of the NASA GEOS-5 climate model, which: (1) is representative of column physics (approximately 50% computational time), (2) has a high computational load relative to transferring data from and to main memory, (3) performs independent calculations across multiple columns. We converted the baseline code (single-precision, Fortran) to C and ported it with manually SIMDizing 4 independent columns and found that a Cell with 8 SPEs can process 2274 columns per second. Compared with the baseline results, the Cell is approximately 5.2X, approximately 8.2X, approximately 15.1X faster than a core on Intel Woodcrest, Dempsey, and Itanium2, respectively. We believe this dramatic performance improvement makes a hybrid cluster with Cell and traditional nodes competitive.

  7. Analisis pengelolaan peralatan praktikum fisika kelas XI SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Yogyakarta menggunakan model countenance stake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanin Fathan Nurfina Istiqomah

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ketersediaan dan pengelolaan peralatan praktikum serta mengetahui hasil dari pengelolaan dan penggunaan peralatan praktikum fisika kelas XI di laboratorium fisika SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian evalusi model countenance stake. Subjek penelitian meliputi penanggungjawab laboratorium fisika, guru, laboran, dan siswa kelas XI MIA SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Yogyakarta. Penelitian dilakukan pada akhir pelaksanaan praktikum pada semester genap tahun pelajaran 2015-2016. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara terstruktur, pengamatan (observasi, angket, dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketersediaan peralatan praktikum (masukan [antecedents] yang terdiri dari sarana, prasarana dan alat praktikum tersedia sangat baik dengan persentase sebesar 78,16%. Pengelolaan laboratorium fisika (proses [transaction] yang terdiri dari persiapan pelaksanaan praktikum; kesiapan siswa, guru, laboran; dan pelaksanaan praktikum mendapatkan hasil sangat baik dengan persentase sebesar 81,78%. Hasil yang diperoleh (outcomes dari ketersediaan dan pengelolaan peralatan praktikum di laboratorium fisika termasuk kategori baik (B+ dengan pencapaian Kriteria Ketuntasan Minimal (KKM 100% dari total 233 siswa kelas XI MIA (Matematika dan Ilmu Alam dan beberapa siswa berhasil meraih juara 1 Olimpiade Fisika. This research is aimed to know the availability, management of the laboratory equipment’s and also the result of maintaining and using physics laboratory equipment’s in 11th class of MIA SMA 1 Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. And this evaluation research used “countenance stake” approach, hence, such as the objects of it is the physics laboratory care taker, teachers, laboratory assistant, and the students. This research was conducted in the last meeting of practicum on last semester 2015-2016 periods. The data was assembled by interview, observation, questionnaire and documentation. The result of this

  8. Modelling

    CERN Document Server

    Spädtke, P

    2013-01-01

    Modeling of technical machines became a standard technique since computer became powerful enough to handle the amount of data relevant to the specific system. Simulation of an existing physical device requires the knowledge of all relevant quantities. Electric fields given by the surrounding boundary as well as magnetic fields caused by coils or permanent magnets have to be known. Internal sources for both fields are sometimes taken into account, such as space charge forces or the internal magnetic field of a moving bunch of charged particles. Used solver routines are briefly described and some bench-marking is shown to estimate necessary computing times for different problems. Different types of charged particle sources will be shown together with a suitable model to describe the physical model. Electron guns are covered as well as different ion sources (volume ion sources, laser ion sources, Penning ion sources, electron resonance ion sources, and H$^-$-sources) together with some remarks on beam transport.

  9. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ORGANIK TERINTEGRASI DENGAN KEMAMPUAN GENERIK SAINS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Sudarmin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Learning Models of Organic Chemistry Subject Integrated with Science Generic Skills. The aim of the study is to investigate how Organic Chemistry and Generic Science Skills Teaching Model can be developed for prospective chemistry teachers. This research and development study involves 79 stu­dents of Chemistry Education Department of Sema­rang State University. The data are collected using a test of organic chemistry concepts and generic science skills, a questionnaire, and an observation sheet and then analyzed using N-gain test. The result shows that the OCGSSM teaching model improves the pro­spective chemistry teachers' generic science skills in high and medium category. The high achieving stu­dent group has better comprehension of generic skills in logical consistency, observation, abstraction, symbolic language, sense of scale, and logical frame aspects than low achieving student group. Abstrak: Model Pembelajaran Kimia Organik Terintegrasi Kemampuan Generik Sains. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model pembelajaran kimia organik terintegrasi kemampuan generik sains. Penelitian dan pengembangan melibatkan 79 mahasiswa Pendidikan Kimia Jurusan Kimia Universitas Negeri Semarang. Data dikumpulkan dengan tes penguasaan konsep kimia organik terintegrasi kemam­puan generik sains, angket, dan lembar observasi, dan dianalisis dengan uji N-gain. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa penerapan MPKOKG meningkatkan penguasaan kemampuan generik sains calon guru kimia dengan taraf pencapaian tinggi dan sedang. Mahasiswa kelompok prestasi tinggi memiliki penguasaan kemam­puan generik sains konsistensi logis, pengamatan, abstraksi, bahasa simbolik, kesadaran tentang skala serta logical frame lebih baik dibandingkan kelompok prestasi rendah.

  10. EFIKASI-DIRI SISWA PADA MODEL SIKLUS BELAJAR 5E TERINTEGRASI PEER INSTRUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putri Dwi Sundari

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Self-efficacy is an aspect of self-regulation that supports individual success. Teachers must design appropriate learning to improve students' self-efficacy. The purpose of this study is to analyze students' self-efficacy on 5E learning cycle model integrated peer instruction. Mixed-method research with embedded experimental design was  conducted to 33 students. Research instrument is self-efficacy questionnaire with reliability 0,95. Quantitative data on self-efficacy was analyzed using paired t-test, while qualitative data was analyzed by reduction results of student interviews. Results showed that students' self-efficacy improved after learning. Students have confidence in linking physics concepts with other concepts of science, investigating, and using physics concepts in daily-life phenomena. Efikasi-diri merupakan aspek pengaturan-diri yang menunjang keberhasilan individu. Guru berperan merancang pembelajaran yang tepat untuk meningkatkan efikasi-diri siswa. Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis efikasi-diri siswa pada model siklus belajar 5E terintegrasi peer instruction. Penelitian mixed-method dengan desain embedded experimental ini melibatkan 33 siswa kelas X. Instrumen penelitian berupa angket efikasi-diri dengan reliabilitas 0,95. Data kuantitatif efikasi-diri dianalisis menggunakan paired t-test, sementara data kualitatif dianalisis dengan mereduksi hasil wawancara siswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan efikasi-diri siswa meningkat setelah pembelajaran. Siswa memiliki keyakinan dalam mengaitkan konsep fisika dengan konsep ilmu lainnya, melakukan investigasi, dan menggunakan konsep fisika pada fenomena di kehidupan sehari-hari.

  11. Inferring Land Surface Model Parameters for the Assimilation of Satellite-Based L-Band Brightness Temperature Observations into a Soil Moisture Analysis System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichle, Rolf H.; De Lannoy, Gabrielle J. M.

    2012-01-01

    The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite mission provides global measurements of L-band brightness temperatures at horizontal and vertical polarization and a variety of incidence angles that are sensitive to moisture and temperature conditions in the top few centimeters of the soil. These L-band observations can therefore be assimilated into a land surface model to obtain surface and root zone soil moisture estimates. As part of the observation operator, such an assimilation system requires a radiative transfer model (RTM) that converts geophysical fields (including soil moisture and soil temperature) into modeled L-band brightness temperatures. At the global scale, the RTM parameters and the climatological soil moisture conditions are still poorly known. Using look-up tables from the literature to estimate the RTM parameters usually results in modeled L-band brightness temperatures that are strongly biased against the SMOS observations, with biases varying regionally and seasonally. Such biases must be addressed within the land data assimilation system. In this presentation, the estimation of the RTM parameters is discussed for the NASA GEOS-5 land data assimilation system, which is based on the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) and the Catchment land surface model. In the GEOS-5 land data assimilation system, soil moisture and brightness temperature biases are addressed in three stages. First, the global soil properties and soil hydraulic parameters that are used in the Catchment model were revised to minimize the bias in the modeled soil moisture, as verified against available in situ soil moisture measurements. Second, key parameters of the "tau-omega" RTM were calibrated prior to data assimilation using an objective function that minimizes the climatological differences between the modeled L-band brightness temperatures and the corresponding SMOS observations. Calibrated parameters include soil roughness parameters, vegetation structure parameters

  12. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN GROUP INVESTIGATION (GI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA POKOK BAHASAN MENGELOLA KOMPETENSI PERSONAL DI SMK NEGERI 1 KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nela Veristika

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Peran aktif siswa pada pembelajaran adalah hal yang penting agar hasil belajar tercapai dengan optimal. Dari data awal yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa di kelas X Pemasaran 3� ada 20 siswa (56% dari 36 siswa yang belum tuntas pada nilai menerapkan prinsip profesional kerja. �Dari hasil observasi yang dilakukan dalam pembelajaran menerapkan prinsip profesional kerja di SMK Negeri 1 Kudus hasil tersebut belum optimal karena perhatian siswa kurang, partisipasi anak kurang menyeluruh, saat pembelajaran berlangsung guru masih menggunakan model konvensional (ceramah dimana pembelajaran didominasi oleh guru sehingga siswa tidak tertarik. Hal ini menyebabkan keaktifan siswa kurang dan berdampak pada hasil belajar siswa yang rendah. Dengan adanya kondisi tersebut guru diharapkan dapat menggunakan metode pembelajaran yang tepat sehingga siswa terlibat aktif dalam proses belajar-mengajar dan tujuan pembelajaran dapat tercapai. Hasil baik pada siklus I, siklus II maupun siklus III terlihat bahwa nilai rata-rata hasil belajar kognitif siswa meningkat yaitu dari data awal yaitu sebesar 71 menjadi 74 pada siklus I, 75 pada siklus II dan 82 pada siklus III. �Sedangkan untuk ketuntasan klasikal mengalami peningkatan dari data awal sebesar 44% menjadi 59% pada siklus I, 74% pada siklus II dan 88% pada siklus III. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif Group Investigation (GI lebih efektif dibandingkan dengan model pembelajaran konvensional (ceramah. The students active role in learning process is important in order to achieve optimal learning output. From beginning data which is gotten indicate that in the X grade of Marketing 3, there were 20 students (55% of the 36 students who have failed in the value of applying the professional working principle. The results of the study of applying the professional working principle in the SMK Negeri 1 Kudus are not optimal because of

  13. Strateegiaguru Porter, klastriguru Porter, sponsorlusguru Porter. Peaaegu, et gurude guru!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Maailma juhtiva strateegiaguru, Harvard Business Schooli professori Michael Porteri seisukohtadest ja ideedest ettevõtete heategevuse, Interneti kui majandusharu ning klastrite kohta. Lisa: Michael Porter

  14. Pengaruh Motivasi Dan Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Guru

    OpenAIRE

    yanto, supri

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this research are to investigate: (1) whether or not of the motivation on the teacher job satisfaction in SMK PGRI Sukoharjo year 2012/2013; (2) whether or not of the work environment on the teacher job satisfaction in SMK PGRI Sukoharjo year 2012/2013; and (3) whether or not the simultaneusly effect of the effect motivaton and the work environment on the teacher job satisfaction in SMK PGRI Sukoharjo year 2012/2013. This research used the descriptive quantitative research m...

  15. MOTIVASI KERJA GURU HONORER DITINJAU DARI QUALITY OF WORK LIFE

    OpenAIRE

    HARIWIBOWO, HERWINDO; ROSALINDA, IRMA; KHAIR, ADE SHABRINA

    2015-01-01

    Motivation work temporary teachers are needed in education. With a high work motivation is expected teachers will have quality in transferring knowledge to learners. One study to measure work motivation is related to quality of work life. This study aims whether there is influence of quality of work life on the motivation of teachers work honorary. Researcher used scale quantitative methods psychology. Researcher used adapted instrument, namely Motivation Teacher Work and Quality of Work Life...

  16. Revitalisasi Kinerja Guru PAI Dalam Bidang Ekstrakurikuler Di Era Globalisasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Makhmudah

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned the whole circle. Seeing the reality demands of modern times, that in an increasingly complex world of education requires improvement in the arrangement and to organize the necessary personal intelegent capable and responsive. Teacher performance is always in the spotlight because of the challenges facing increasingly complex. With the background of this problem, researchers interested in assessing and dig deeper into how the figure of a teacher, especially PAI teacher performance. The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned the whole circle. Due to the problems experienced by the Islamic religious education teachers or educational institutions today increasingly converging. The problems that are studied include: a the process of teaching and learning in class b Extracurricular activities c Creation of a religious atmosphere in the school environment. The problem is interesting to study the researcher perspective, as any good instituted in school/madrasah. A teacher in the eyes of the public in the code of ethics of teachers, or in view of religion is a complicated problem that is not discussed much less exhausted in this globalization era.

  17. ANALISIS KOMPETENSI GURU DI SDN GIRIMOYO 2 KABUPATEN MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    kuncahyono kuncahyono

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to know the teacher competence in elementary school of Girimoyo 2 Malang. The research method used in this case is qualitative type, with descriptive approach and done in this step is data analysis taken from interview perspective, this data analysis start from data reduction, data of choice, to conclusion, and data of this instrument taken from interview guide and observation of teachers in the elementary school. The results of this study resulted in 2 findings 1 Competence of teachers after getting educator certificate: able to carry out learning with professional (pedagogic competence, professional, personality, social and very professional in developing media because of the allowance of teachers.2 competence of teachers who are getting educator certificate : able with good planning, implementation and evaluation, although there is no teacher allowance, business teacher as much as possible for artificial media

  18. IbM BAGI GURU MATEMATIKA SMPDI KABUPATEN KENDAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasiman .

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Community service activities for this, intended for junior high school mathematics teachers, especially in MGMPs Kendal in support of Curriculum 2013. The 2013 curriculum is implemented in stages beginning in school year 2013-2014 through the implementation is limited, especially for schools that are ready to implement it. In the academic year of 2013/2014, Curriculum 2013 implemented on a limited basis for Class I and IV Elementary / Madrasah Ibtida'iyah (SD / MI, Class VII School SMP / MTs (SMP / MTs, and Class X High School / School SMK / Madrasah Aliyah (SMA / SMK / MA / MAK. In the academic year of 2015/2016 is expected toCurriculum 2013 has been implemented in the whole class I to Class XII. For that we consider necessary the holding of training activities and workshops preparation of lesson plans and training curriculum in 2013 based learning media creation software GeoGebra useful for teachers of Mathematics junior in Kendal. The method used is the training and workshops with a target output of each participant design a lesson plan curriculum in 2013 and the manufacture of Mathematics instructional media with the help of software GeoGebra. Keywords: Curriculum 2013, GeoGebra

  19. REVITALISASI KINERJA GURU PAI DALAM BIDANG EKSTRAKURIKULER DI ERA GLOBALISASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Mahkmudah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned  the whole circle. Seeing the reality demands of modern times, that in an increasingly complex world of education requires improvement in the arrangement and to organize the necessary personal intelegent capable and responsive.Teacher performance is always in the spotlight because of the challenges facing increasingly complex. With the background of this problem, researchers interested in assessing and dig deeper into how the figure of a teacher, especially PAI teacher performance. The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned the whole circle. Due to the problems experienced by the Islamic religious education teachers or educational institutions today increasinglyconverging.The problems that are studied include: a the process of teaching and learning in class b Extracurricular activities c Creation of a religious atmosphere in the school environment. The problem is interesting to study the researcher perspective, as any good instituted in school / madrasah. A teacher in the eyes of the public in the code of ethics of teachers, or in view of religion is a complicated problem that is not discussed much less exhausted in this globalization era.   Key Words  : Revitalisation, Performance, Religion Teacher, Globalization.

  20. Lapsesuu või PR-guru? / Airi Ilisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilisson, Airi, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Justiitsminister Rein Lang on autori hinnangul tuntud oma ootamatute arvamustega. CV. Vt. samas: Skandaal: Kuidas Lang politseid ja allilma seostades tormi tekitas. Kommenteerivad: Hans H. Luik, Hannes Astok, Laine Jänes, Rein Kilk ja Ulvi Kuusk

  1. PROBLEMATIKA GURU DAN DOSEN DALAM SISTEM PENDIDIKAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahur Rohman

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights educator problem in education system in Indonesia. The discussion focuses on general education and religious education. Educators of non-religious education are product of education and institute of teacher training and education (IKIP which teach general science, meanwhile educators of religious education are product of Islamic Higher Education (PTKI which teach religious knowledge. This study aims to analyze books, rules, researches, and news about teacher. To sum up, the educator problems include: poor quality teacher and low teacher salaries that are caused by some factors, government policy that is not implemented well, teacher training institution (LPTK that are not able to produce a professional teacher حاولت هذه المقالة دراسة مشاكل المربّين في ضوء النظام التربوي الإندونيسي. ورُكّزت الدراسة في التربية العامة والتربية الدينية. كان المعلّم في التربية العامة خرّيج المعهد العالي للمعلّمين والعلوم التربوية  IKIP  ثمّ تغيّر كثير منها إلى الجامعات التي تدرّس العلوم التجريبية والكونية . أما معلموا العلوم الدينية فخِرّيجوا الجامعات الإسلامية التي تدرّس العلوم الإسلامية. كُتبت هذه الدراسة عن طريق تحليل الكتب، والقوانين، والبحوث العلمية، والأخبار عن المعلّمين. استخلصت الدراسة النتائج التالية : نوعية المدرسين ورفاهية حياتهم ضعيفتان. وهذه نتيجة من أن قرارات الحكومة التي لم تطبّق جيدا، والمؤسسات التربوية العالية  LPTK لم تكن فعّالة في انتاج المعلّمين

  2. Pengaruh Deferensiasi Motivasi Sosial Terhadap Perilaku Profesional Guru

    OpenAIRE

    Subandowo, M

    2009-01-01

    Research on professional behavior (professional competence, personal, social, and pedagogic) related to social motivation as factors are very important, considering the teacher's role is key in improving the quality of learning. Therefore this study aims to determine the influence of differentiation of social motivation (achievement, affiliation and power) to the professional competence of teachers and also to assess how the level of social motivation relationship motivation (achievement, aff...

  3. PENYEBAB KECEMASAN MATEMATIKA MAHASISWA CALON GURU ASAL PAPUA

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    Alberta Parinters Makur

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE An increasing number of Papuans qualified teachers realized by sending young people from Papua to continue their education in the College of Education. But the basic capabilities, especially mathematics, which owned high school students graduated from Papua that continuing education is very low. This, presumably because the students have math anxiety, thus preventing them from material master mathematics. By using a qualitative research approach, particularly the case study method, this research describes what factors are the cause of math anxiety prospective teacher students from Papua, based on the results of questionnaires and interviews that have been analyzed.

  4. METODE PEMBELAJARAN ENTREPRENEURSHIP UNTUK GURU SMK DI KABUPATEN LAMONGAN

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    Endang Sudarsih

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is about a training of learning method for teachers, especially who teaches the subject of entrepreneurship in Senior High School. The target of the study is Vocational High School teachers in Lamongan. Some crucial problems that are faced by the most of educational institution are teachers’ low ability in finding references for students’ problem solutions. Their leakage of creativity and innovation will cause a lower level of students’ readiness to enter job fields after graduation. The goal of the study is to increase human resource quality in mastering learning methods that possible to be applied in entrepreneurship teaching-learning activities. By using an appropriate method, it is expected that it will improve teachers’ ability in finding references, developing creativity and innovations. Therefore, teachers enjoy teaching entrepreneurship subject with better spirits and students’ entrepreneurship spirit will also developed earlier.

  5. TINDAK TUTUR DIREKTIF GURU DALAM WACANA INTERAKSI KELAS ANAK TUNARUNGU

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    Ardianto Ardianto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe forms, functions, and strategies of the teacher’s directive speech acts in the discourse of deaf children’s classroom interaction. It employed the qualitative approach. The data were naturalistic in nature, collected from communication occurring in classroom interaction. The findings are as follows. First, the forms include declarative, interrogative, and imperative ones. Second, the functions comprise commands, requests, prohibitions, permissions, suggestions, expectations, invitations, warnings, and elicitations. Third, the strategies consist of direct and indirect ones. The realization of the forms, functions, and strategies of the teacher’s directive speech acts is based on a variety of contexts underlying classroom conversation discourse.

  6. Mengembangkan Profesionalitas Guru Abad 21 melalui Program Pembimbingan yang Efektif

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    Andriani, Dwi Esti

    2010-01-01

    Teachers in the 21s' century are facing more complex and difficult challenges of their works, for examples: an increasing diversity of students and parents, a higher demands of education quality, the higher standard of teaching and learning process and outcomes, and etc. Therefore, compared to the previous era, a professional teacher today should have a more wide range of teacher competencies, such as teaching and managing class effectively; building, developing, and managing the relationship...

  7. Tinjauan Filosofis Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam Humanis-Multikulturalis

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    Miftahur Rohman

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available As a millennial generation, learners tend not to have maturity in thinking. The seeds of exclusive, intolerant, even radical thought become an alarming threat. Moreover, teachers as educators play a substantial role in introducing the values ​​of humanism and multiculturalism. With the study of library research and analysis with content analysis method, this research tries to formulate the concept of Islamic religious education teacher of multiculturalism to the generation of humanist-democratic Islam. The results concluded that multicultural education becomes an alternative solution to overcome the disintegration of the nation that began to occur. Teachers as learning facilitators should design learning that supports the implementation of multicultural education. Terefore, it needs a multicultural typology teacher who can appreciate the deversity, upholds human rights and justice, avoiding theological justification and truth claims, and non-constructive anti-criticism. It can be concluded that it has implications on the achievement of true Islamic education objectives, namely to educate students academically, spiritually, and socially.

  8. Pemberdayaan Guru Sekolah Dasar Negeri Arjosari Kabupaten Pacitan

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    Imam Kurdi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Elementary School Teacher Empowerment Arjosari Pacitan. Thesis. Surakarta, Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, Graduate Program, 2013. To realize that schools have the advantage of the quality of education necessary for the management of the principal strategies in managing human resources. This study aims to describe the procurement teacher recruitment. Describe the formation and development of teachers, and describe the teacher control SDN Arjosari. This study is a qualitative, using an ethnographic approach. Place of execution of the research is on SDN Arjosari Pacitan. With sources: Head of School, teacher, chairman of the committee, and the school superintendent. The collection of data through observation, interviews and documentation. The validity of the data was tested by using triangulation. whereas for data analysis techniques using version Milles and Huberman. by means of data reduction, data and drawing conclusions and verification. The results showed that to meet the needs of teachers and kuantitati qualitatively as teacher empowerment has been done. (1 stats and implementation of teacher recruitment. (2 The development of (professionalism, career and welfare of teachers, and (3 control of teachers, good running order the expected goals.

  9. SUPERVISI PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM (Pembinaan Guru Agama Madrasah / Sekolah

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    Abu Bakar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam education supervision, having task does operation, estimation and menilik or mensupervisi to good Islam education at schooled Common and also Islam institution. Despitefully Supervises education also constitute applicable tricks in give service and construction to teacher deeping to perform its duty assignment at Madrasah / School in effort reaches education aim already be established effectively and efesien.

  10. Supervisi Pendidikan Agama Islam (Pembinaan Guru Agama Madrasah / Sekolah)

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    Bakar, Abu

    2011-01-01

    Islam education supervision, having task does operation, estimation and menilik or mensupervisi to good Islam education at schooled Common and also Islam institution. Despitefully Supervises education also constitute applicable tricks in give service and construction to teacher deeping to perform its duty assignment at Madrasah / School in effort reaches education aim already be established effectively and efesien.

  11. Peranan Kepalasekolah Sebagai Supervisor Dalam Kematangan Profesional Guru

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    Yuliana, Lia

    2007-01-01

    Teecher is an important component because teacher determines the quality of education so that education and the teacher guidance in all level of education both inside and outside need to be increased and held completely to create a high quality teacher. Besides that, that professional maturity of teacher need to increased continuously. The propessional maturity of teacher is the ability of teacher who has a high responsibility in her/his job. By educational activity, teaching and learning pro...

  12. PENGEMBANGAN ASESMEN METAKOGNISI CALON GURU IPA MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH

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    Anggun Zuhaida

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop a metacognition assessment for students of IPA teacher candidates through problem-based learning. Subjects tested in this study were 30 students in the Department Tadris IPA IAIN Salatiga using one group pretest-posttest design. Assessment isdeveloped based on metacognition indicators including an essay test assessment, performance assessment, assessment of attitudes and self assessment. The result of essay test indicates an increase in the ability of metacognition in general by the N-gain of 0.5 (medium category where as performances and attitudes assessment lie in the good and excellent categories, while the self-assessment shows improvement results with N-gain of 0:45 (medium category. Overall, problem-based learning enhances the skills of metacognition that is "evaluation" on students of IPA teacher candidates.

  13. Ibm BAGI GURU DAN SISWA SMU SETIA BUDI SEMARANG

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    Adhi Kusmantoro

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dalam dunia industri ada beberapasistem yang digunakan dalam mengoperasikan sistem pengendalielektromagnetik, antara lain sistem pengoperasian secara manual, semi otomatisdan otomatis.Tujuan pengabdian masyarakat di SMU Setia Budi Semarang adalah untuk memberikan kemampuan penggunaan software EKTS dan menambah pengetahuan atau wawasan teknik pengendali listrik di industri yang sedang berkembang dan banyak dipakai. Metode pelaksanaan kegiatan program Iptek bagi Masyarakat (IbM yang digunakan adalah metode pelatihan yang dibagi dalam tiga tahap, yaitu pelatihan secara teori, pelatihan menggunakan softawre EKTS dan beberapa rancangan pengendali motor listrik, dan tahap evaluasi dalam kegiatan awal sampai dengan akhir. Dalam kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat di SMU Setia Budi Semarang telah dibuat pengendali start stop, pengendali motor berurutan, dan pengendali membalik putaran motor listrik. ?é?á Kata Kunci : EKTS, motor listrik, kontaktor magnet

  14. Analisis Kompetensi Pedagogik Guru Ekonomi SMA Negeri di Kota Pekanbaru

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    ', Haryono; Johan, Rina Selva; Indrawati, Henny

    2017-01-01

    This research aims to find out how high the level of pedagogical competence economics teachers at Senior high schools in Pekanbaru. This research is a qualitative research, conducted in high schools in the city of Pekanbaru. The data used is the teachers of Economics in high schools in the city of Pekanbaru, it was consisted of 16 schools with the number of teachers is 64 people. Sampling is guided by the opinion research Suharsimi Arikunto (2006) which says that when the subject is less than...

  15. Kemampuan Guru Mengelola Pembelajaran Fisika di SLTPN Kota Banjarmasin

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    Sugiarto Sugiarto

    2004-01-01

    The study was aimed to find out: 1) the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics, the working motivation, the working spirit, the teaching experience, the trainings, and the educational level, of the teachers' of physics in State junior High Schools in Banjarmasin City, 2) the correlation between the working motivation, the working spirit, the teaching experience, the trainings, the educational level both exclusively and simultaneously, and the teachers' ability in managing of lear...

  16. Tips Menjadi Guru yang Bersinar pada Masa Depan

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    M. Said Husin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a number of simple educational ideas promoted to enhance some core competences of a Madrasah teacher which can be reached by two terms of strategies : short term and long term strategies. The short term covers five aspects. The first aspect which is defined as fundamental discusses the way how a Madrasah teacher perceives his/her teaching profession, colleagues, students, and issues on education. Having able to rethink these domains will lead him or her know his or her positive and negative sides. Such understanding of both sides should force him/her to have a strong commitment to enrich the positive side, on one hand, and to diminish the negative one, on the other hand. Then, a Madrasah teacher needs to reflect this commitment in his or her individual competence to carry on learning and improving his or her technical capacity in instruction. This may be one of the corner stones to develop himself or herself to be able to implement the assignment responsibly. The capacity as a professional teacher may also bring him or her to be well-informed figure whom people around him or her will become to be enlightened. Next, this professional teacher should not also set up in one or more comfort zones, such as typical system and culture of organization, which make him or her enjoy the life as it is, he or she is required to open his or her mind to look for new, more and other challenging comfort zones in accordance with his or her future career. After that, he or she should consider and internalize wisely ethical values which are called as Islamic professional ethics as his or her spirit to carry out his or her job. Finally, this distinguished post should listen to his or her deepest voice of heart as well. These voices are about to put as his or her inspiring component to be acted as effective as possible. The long term strategy, however, merely emphasizes on one single aspect, that is the importance of educational and training services. Once a madrasah teacher has a paralleled background of study he or she may already have one valuable point. His or her other capacity will be easily explored and served through a series of appropriate trainings. The trainings are academically considered to be an additional mean for his or her outshined career.

  17. Manajemen Mutu Guru (Implementasi Undang-undang, Peraturan dan Kebijakan

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    Dwi Surya Atmaja

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Through ASEAN Summits 1997 – 2007, leaders of ASEAN countries have achieved the agreement to establish AEC (Asean Economic Community in the end of 2015, providing the ability to pursue the ASEAN vision 2025. By means of regional and then global free trade to come, the welfare of 660 millions people in ASEAN countries regarding those leaders. The question is what should be done by each member? In terms of free market, common quality standard comes in the first place. Consequently, terminologies such as accreditation and certification are among words which teachers pay a lot of attention. These two words are not only about quality standard they have to achieved but also result in their take home payment. This article aims to explain te rationale of “Quality Standard” as a must programme in free market era, regionally and globally.

  18. DAMPAK TEKNOLOGI PENDIDIKAN TERHADAP PERANAN GURU DI MASA DEPAN

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    Gusmaneli gusmaneli

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to describe the application of technology on education and its impact on the learning process and teachers’ role in the future. This is library research, where the result of analysis showed that the future education is oriented on the students’ involvement on each learning activities. The students are hoped to be active and autonomous ones in using learning facilities and sources in line with the development of technology. The application of technology brings positive effect on the role of teachers in the future, which is signed by the changes of teachers’ role in the teaching and learning process.

  19. Kepemimpinan dan Peranannya dalam Meningkatkan Kompetensi Guru di Madrasah

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    Hasan Baharun

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the efforts to increase the competence of teachers through a system of principal leadership. Leadership is an attempt to influence others to do the activity in order to achieve a common goal. Leadership has a strategic role in determining whether or not an organization forward. As supreme leader, the principal has a duty and a vital role in improving the quality of human resources in it. In order to realize the quality of human resources professionals, principals must have the appropriate strategy; educational supervision, education and training, provision of motivation continue, changes in work culture, so that teacher competence as a basic element of education can be realized. The competencies include; pedagogical competence, personal competence, social competence and professional competence.

  20. Analisa Kebijakan PAI di Indonesia (Dampak UU Nomor 14 Tahun 2005 Tentang Guru dan Dosen Bagi Guru Madrasah

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    Sunarto Sunarto

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Law No. 14 The year 2005 on Teachers and Lecturers stated that. Teachers are professional educators with the primary task of educating, teaching, guiding, directing, train, assess, and evaluate students in early childhood education, formal education, primary education and secondary education. Professional teachers should have academic qualifications, competence, teaching certificate, physically and mentally healthy, and have the ability to achieve national education goals. This requires the setting of the position of teachers and lecturers as professionals, It should also be noted the efforts to maximize the function and the strategic role of teachers and lecturers who uphold the rights and obligations of teachers and lecturers as professionals, coaching and professional development of teachers and lecturers, legal protection, the protection of the profession, as well as workplace health and safety Perlindungan. Thus was born the law no. 14 of 2005 on teachers and lecturers. In connection with it in this paper will discuss the analysis of the impact of law no. 14 of 2005 on teachers and lecturers for madrassa teachers.

  1. ACTIVE SHARING KNOWLEDGE UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN GURU- GURU MATEMATIKA SMA/SMK BINAAN MELALUI PENDAMPINGAN DI KULON PROGO

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    Giyarsih Giyarsih

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This research is meant to explain the problem solving efford which is found in academic supervision toward teachers of Mathematics in some guided schools, explains the problem solving steps by the supervisor in guided schools, and shows the teaching quality improvement by the Mathematics teachers in those guded schools. This research was done to some guded schools where ten Mathematics teachers of Senior High Schools or Vocational High School in Kulon Progo District are the subject. The strategy for improving the quality of Mathematics teaching application is through treatment of companion teaching in active sharing knowledge for instance through planning, the step of treatment in the teaching, teaching procedures and class management. The result of acompaniying the teachers of Mathematics shows that Mathematics teachers in Kulon Progo Distric still need some guidance from the supervisors especially in term of innovative teaching process, where most teachers lack of motivation, the Active Sharing Knowledge method can improve the activism of the teachers through out the whole teaching activities, improve the quality of teaching process, students’ activism, concept mastery and teacher’s skills in teaching process as can be seen as followed: the teaching quality of Mathematics teachers using Active Sharing Knowledge is 5%, student’s participations is 46%, while teachers’ mastery of the concept is 14%, and positive reflection as a result of Mathematics Teachers guided teaching implementation using Active Sharing Knowledge where 84% stated agree and totally agree.

  2. Pengaruh Kompetensi Profesional Guru, Efikasi Diri, dan Komunikasi Interpersonal terhadap Kinerja Guru SMPN 1 Kerinci Kanan Kabupaten Siak

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    Rifqi, Ahmad; -, Machasin; Choiron, Alies

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study to obtain valid and reliable information about the influence of professional competence of teachers on teacher performance in SMPN 1 Kerinci Kanan Kabupaten Siak, effects of self-efficacy on teacher performance in SMPN 1 Kerinci Kanan Kabupaten Siak, interpersonal communication influence on teacher performance in SMPN 1 Kerinci Kanan Kabupaten Siak, effect of teachers professional competence, self-efficacy and interpersonal communication together on teacher performan...

  3. Pengaruh Kompetensi Guru Pembimbing, Iklim Organisasi, Dan Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Terhadap Kinerja Guru Pembimbing Pada SMA Se-Kota Cimahi

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    Dedi Hadian

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Tutor is one important element in sustainability education. Teacher mentors participate in the formation of the personality of students. In this case foster students to be more optimal. In providing guidance and counseling services to students, teachers, counselors do not work alone but in coordination with the various parties that exist in the environment, whether it is internal, namely the teachers and principals, but also with external parties, such as parents, school committees, community, as well as other experts. A guidance counselor who has competence in the field of course will implement guidance and counseling services in accordance with the guidelines for the implementation of guidance and counseling, supported by other elements in the learning process. If all such cooperation to work effectively, the performance of a tutor in conducting guidance and konselingpun will run effectively.               Above phenomena researchers wanted to uncover the influence of teacher competence, organizational climate, and school leadership on the performance of a tutor at SMA derby Cimahi. This study uses a quantitative approach and descriptive correlational method.               The conclusion that the competence of counselors at high schools in the town of Cimahi is in either category. Organizational climate at high schools in the town of Cimahi is in either category. Leadership principals in high schools in the city are in the category of good Cimahi. And performance in high school guidance counselor State Cimahi also the very good category. In addition there is the influence of the supervising teacher competence, oorganisasi climate, and school leadership on the performance of a tutor at 68.1%.From the research results can be recommended for schools to be able to maintain and improve the competence of a tutor can be improved further, more conducive organizational climate and school leadership are more effective. Where schools have always provided an opportunity and provide encouragement and facilitate the tutor to develop the potential of both the education and training.

  4. KONSEP GURU PERSPEKTIF AL-ZARNUJI DAN RELEVANSINYA DENGAN UNDANG-UNDANG NO 14 TAHUN 2005 TENTANG GURU DAN DOSEN

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    Muhammad Anang Sholikhudin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The background of this research is the problems in education, including the declining image of teachers, students moral degradation, the people who always bestows nothing against teachers. Of these problems, the researchers conducted a study on the concept of the teacher in the book of al-Zarnuji “Ta'lim al-Muta'allim” and in Law No. 14 Year 2005 on Teachers and Lecturers. Moreover, it examines the relevance of the concept of teacher perspectives al-Zarnuji and Law No. 14 Year 2005. This research is a kind of literacy with book data sources “Ta'limal-Muta'allim” work of al- Zarnuji and Law No. 14 Year 2005. The analysis technique used is the comparison and content analisys, by the interpretation of the book of al-Zarnuji and Law No. 14 Year 2005 to discover the relevance of the concept of the teacher. The results showed: 1 the concept of teacher according to al- Zarnuji is a teacher must possess al-a'lim, al-awra', al-asanna, authoritative, al-hilm, as well as the patient. 2 the concept of teacher in law no. 14 of 2005 article 10, paragraph 1 states that a teacher must meet academic qualifications, competence, and teacher certification. The teacher competency is pedagogical, personal competence, social competence, and professional competence. 3 the relevance of the concept of teacher offered al-Zarnuji with in law No. 14 of 2005 that teachers must have extensive knowledge and developing, experienced, and also has a good personality or a noble character , as well as having experience and mature enough to be a teacher.

  5. Pengaruh Potensi Guru Dan Prasarana Terhadap Kinerja Guru Serta Implikasinya Pada Kualitas Pelayanan SMP Negeri 7 Bandung

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    Annita Jannah

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in SMP Negeri 7 Bandung. The results of preliminary studies to obtain a finding that the quality of service of SMP Negeri 7 Bandung has not met expectations. Of the many determinants of the observed variables, allegedly because of the poor performance of teachers in the school. While the teacher's performance due to the competency of teachers and facilities infrastructure. Based on this, the formulated problem is how the competence of teachers, facilities infrastructure, teacher performance and quality of service. And how the influence of teacher competence and infrastructure facilities on teacher performance, either partially or simultaneously, as well as how the influence of the teacher's performance against quality of service. The method used is descriptive method of analysis, the number of respondents 55 teachers (population. The data analysis technique used is the technique of correlation analysis and path analysis techniques. As well as a simple regression analysis techniques to determine the effect of teacher performance against quality of service. In the operationalization used SPSS 17 and Excel. The results showed that the competence of teachers are in the good category, workshop facilities located in both categories, the performance of teachers in the category very good and the service quality is very good category. Some suggestions can be expressed as follows: learner characteristics Mastery, Mastery learning theory and principles of learning, curriculum development with subjects, utilization of information and communication technology for the sake of learning effectively, schools should be able to provide a positive influence on the development of students. Efforts to improve the quality of service should be seen from the teaching and learning process run smoothly, schedule lessons run right / discipline, Security during the learning process, built up good communication between faculty, staff and students, Learning process easy to understand and be understood, professional teaching ability and targeted, a clear and precise explanation if there is a question of students, teachers Skills and other employees in working, polite and friendly service.

  6. Pengaruh Supervisi Akademik Pengawas Sekolah Dan Motivasi Kerja Guru Terhadap Kompetensi Profesional Guru Matematika Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri

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    Khairiyah Daming

    2017-01-01

    The study aims to discover; (i) the implementation of academic supervision of school supervisor; (ii) teachers’ work motivation, (iii) professional competence of Mathematics teachers of SMAN (Public Senior High School), (iv) the influence of the implementation of academic supervision of school supervisor and teachers, work motivation simultaneously toward professional competence of Mathematics teacher of SMAN, (v) the influence of implementation of academics supervision of school supervisor t...

  7. PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH, MOTIVASI KERJA DAN KINERJA GURU: STUDI DI SMK NEGERI 26 JAKARTA

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    Adisetia Permata

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the relationship between the perception of the Supervision Principal and Work Motivation on Teacher Performace in SMK Negeri 26 Jakarta. The sampling technique was conducted by random samplimg. The attainable population in this research were all teacher in status PNS is 67 teachers. The sample used by the tabel Isaac and Michael is 58 teachers. The simple linier regression and resulted Ŷ = 0,048X1 + 0,074X2 + 69,062. Relationship between the teacher perception of supervision principal with teacher performance, and work motivation with teacher performance are significantly positive. In simultan, relationhip between teacher perception of supervision principal, work motivation with teacher performance are significantly positively correlated. Normality test result were calculate with SPSS shows that all the variables above 0,05, inicated normally distributed. In partial test, significance t hitung teacher perception of supervision principal and work motivation size is 5,405 with significance 0,000 so, it indicated possitive significantly related between them.

  8. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN MOTIVASI KERJA GURU TERHADAP PROFESIONALISME GURU SMK BISMEN DI KOTA TEGAL

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    Beni Habibi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The teacher professionalism reflects the teacher's ability and performance in carrying out the duties to achieve education goals. In fact, there are many factors which influence the teacher professionalism. The objective of the study is to analyze the influence o       f the rincipal`s managerial competence, work motivation, and those  both variables toward teacher professionalism. It was a non-experimental quantitative approach. The population of the study was 172 teachers at Business and Management Vocational High Schools at Tegal city. The samples were taken by Krejcei table to get 114 teachers as the samples. Data were collected by questionnaire.  The results of the research showed that the principal’s managerial competence was good and significant, the influence of work motivation toward teacher professionalism was in good and significant category. Then, the influence of those both variables toward teacher professionalism was up to 47.8%. The regression analysis showed that: there was a positive and significant influence of the principal’s managerial competence toward teacher professionalism for 17.7%, work motivation gave positive and significant influence on teacher professionalism with the coefficient of determination was 46.8%. Furthermore; the results of multiple regression analysis showed that the influence of both variables simultaneously influenced teacher professionalism with the coefficient of determination was 47.8%.

  9. Pengembangan Model Outdoor Learning melalui Project Berbasis Local Wisdom dalam Pembelajaran Fisika

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    Indah kurnia Putri Damayanti

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 menghasilkan model outdoor learning melalui project berbasis local wisdom yang layak digunakan dalam pembelajaran fisika, (2 mengetahui keefektifan penggunaan model outdoor learning melalui project berbasis local wisdom. Penelitian pengembangan ini menggunakan metode pengembangan R & D (Research dan Development. Pada tahap Development, peneliti mengadopsi model 4D, yaitu Define, Design, Develop, dan Disseminate. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model outdoor learning melalui project berbasis local wisdom yang dikembangkan layak digunakan dari segi produk pendukung pembelajaran yang memenuhi kriteria sangat tinggi menurut para ahli, praktis menurut guru dan peserta didik. Lembar observasi yang memenuhi kriteria valid dan reliabel berdasarkan hasil ICC dan tes hasil belajar yang memenuhi kriteria valid dan reliabel berdasarkan hasil Quest. Selain itu, model outdoor learning melalui project berbasis local wisdom lebih efektif digunakan dalam pembelajaran fisika dilihat dari hasil analisis multivariate dan GLMMDs yang memperoleh nilai signifikansi 0,000 dan MD yang tinggi.   AbstractThis research was aimed to: (1 produce outdoor learning via project based suitable local wisdom model used in physics learning, (2 know the effectiveness in using outdoor learning via project based local wisdom model. This developing research used a R & D method (Research and Development. On Development step, the researcher adopted 4D model, they were Define, Design, Develop, dan Dissemination. The results showed that the developed outdoor learning via project based local wisdom model was suitable to be used in terms of learning support product that was in very high category according expert, practical according teacher and students. In addition the observation sheet was in valid criteria and reliabel based on ICC and the learning outcome test was in valid criteria and reliabel based on Quest. Besides, outdoor learning via

  10. Model Integrated Problem Solving Based Learning pada Perkuliahan Dasar-dasar Kimia Analitik

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    Indarini Dwi Pursitasari

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Integrated Problem Solving Based Learning Model on Foundation of Analytical Chemistry. This study was conducted to know the effects of Integrated Problem Solving Based Learning (IPSBL model on problem solving skills and cognitive ability of pre-service teachers. The subjects of the study were 41 pre- service teachers, 21 in the experimental group and 20 in the control group. The data were collected through a test on problem solving skills, a test on cognitive ability, and a questionnaire on the students’opinions on the use of IPSBL model. The quantitative data were analyzed using t-test and one-way ANOVA, and the qualitative data were analyzed by counting the percentage. The results of the study show that the implementation of IPSBL model increased the problem solving skills and cognitive ability of the pre-service teachers . The model was also responded positively by the research subjects. Abstrak: Model Integrated Problem Solving Based learning pada Perkuliahan Dasar-dasar Kimia Analitik. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan pengaruh model Integrated Problem Solving Based Learning(IPSBL terhadap peningkatan kemampuan problem solving dan kemampuan kognitif mahasiswa calon guru. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari 21 mahasiswa kelas eksperimen dan 20 mahasiswa kelas kontrol. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan tes kemampuan problem solving, tes kemampuan kognitif, dan angket untuk menjaring pendapat mahasiswa terhadap penggunaan model IPSBL . Data kuantitatif dianalisis denga n uji- t dan Anava dengan bantuan program SPSS 16.0. Data kualitatif dihitung persentasenya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model IPSBL dapat meningkatkan kemampuan problem solving dan kemampuan kognitif serta mendapat tanggapan yang positif dari mahasiswa.

  11. PEREKAYASAAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN MEMBACA PERMULAAN DI SEKOLAH DASAR BERBASIS PENGEMBANGAN SIKAP, KETERAMPILAN, DAN PENGETAHUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Ernalis

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The research objective to be achieved through the second year the study was to determine, explain, and explain (1 the prototype model of learning to read beginning in early elementary school classes in accordance with the needs of teachers and students current conditions based on the results of the validation test; (2 the contribution of the implementation of Early reading learning model-based development of attitudes, skills and knowledge to the development of students' skills in reading starters based on the results of the validation test; (3 the contribution of the implementation of Early reading learning model-based development of attitudes, skills and knowledge to primary school students' knowledge acquisition thematically based on the results of the validation test. This research was conducted using the method of Research and Development (R & D. The subjects were teachers and students of primary schools in the district and sub-district Cileunyi Ujungberung Bandung Regency Bandung. Research data will be collected using several instruments. Research data will be processed using data processing techniques of qualitative and quantitative data processing techniques with statistical test. Based on the results of the study concluded that the learning model based SKP Early reading can be used effectively to improve student reading skills beginning. The second conclusion is that the learning model based SKP Early reading can be used effectively in improving students' attitudes Early reading. Based on this fact, the model can be used in schools as an alternative model of learning to read in low grade. Keywords: SKP models, read the beginning, the attitude of reading, low grade   Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian yang hendak dicapai melalui penelitian tahun kedua adalah untuk mengetahui, menjelaskan, dan memaparkan (1 prototipe model pembelajaran membaca permulaan di kelas awal sekolah dasar yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan guru dan kondisi siswa

  12. PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN TIGA MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR MATA DIKLAT PEMROGRAMAN WEB PHP PADA SISWA DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rini Agustina

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The appropriate learning model for students is a support of the teacher for  improving student grades. This research is aimed to identify the effect of the three learning models usage, Independent Learning, Cooperative Learning (Jigsaw and Contextual Teaching and Learning applied to the students with high achievement categorized both male and female students in subject of PHP Web Programming at vocational higher school. The result shows that the implementation of learning model affects the achievement of competency for each learning model as follows; 8.91 for Independent Learning Model, 8.91 for Cooperative Learning Model and 9.44 for Contextual Teaching and Learning Model. Students with high achievement (male and female give significant influence to the achievement of competency of PHP Web Programming. Model pembelajaran yang sesuai bagi siswa merupakan dukungan dari guru untuk meningkatkan kemampuan siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek dari penggunaan tiga metode pembelajaran yakni Independent Learning, Co­opera­tive Learning (Jigsaw, dan Contextual Teaching and Learning.  Ketiga metode ini diterapkan pada siswa dengan prestasi tinggi yang dipilah menurut jenis kelamin pada mata diklat Pemrograman Web PHP di sekolah menengah kejuruan. Hasil penelitian menujukkan bahwa implementasi model pembelajaran memberikan dampak capaian kompetensi sebagai berikut: 8,91 untuk model pembelajaran Independent Learning, 8,91 untuk model Cooperative Learning, dan 9,44 untuk model Contextual Teaching and Learning. Siswa dengan prestasi tinggi baik laki-laki maupun perem­puan memberikan akibat yang signifikan terhadap capaian kompetensi Pemrograman Web PHP.

  13. Multi-sensor Cloud Retrieval Simulator and Remote Sensing from Model Parameters . Pt. 1; Synthetic Sensor Radiance Formulation; [Synthetic Sensor Radiance Formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wind, G.; DaSilva, A. M.; Norris, P. M.; Platnick, S.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we describe a general procedure for calculating synthetic sensor radiances from variable output from a global atmospheric forecast model. In order to take proper account of the discrepancies between model resolution and sensor footprint, the algorithm takes explicit account of the model subgrid variability, in particular its description of the probability density function of total water (vapor and cloud condensate.) The simulated sensor radiances are then substituted into an operational remote sensing algorithm processing chain to produce a variety of remote sensing products that would normally be produced from actual sensor output. This output can then be used for a wide variety of purposes such as model parameter verification, remote sensing algorithm validation, testing of new retrieval methods and future sensor studies.We show a specific implementation using the GEOS-5 model, the MODIS instrument and the MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS) Data Collection 5.1 operational remote sensing cloud algorithm processing chain (including the cloud mask, cloud top properties and cloud optical and microphysical properties products). We focus on clouds because they are very important to model development and improvement.

  14. MODEL PERMAINAN AKTIVITAS LUAR KELAS UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN RANAH KOGNITIF, AFEKTIF, DAN PSIKOMOTORIK SISWA SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendra Setyawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan model-model permainan Aktivitas Luar kelas (ALK yang layak digunakan sebagai materi pembelajaran penjas, serta efektif untuk mengembangkan ranah kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik siswa SMA. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan langkah-langkah sebagai berikut: (1 pengumpulan informasi di lapangan, (2 menganalisis informasi yang telah dikumpulkan, (3 mengembangkan produk awal, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba skala kecil dan  revisi, (6 uji coba skala besar dan revisi, dan (7 pembuatan produk final. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas X-D dan XI-IPA 4 dari SMA N I Prambanan berjumlah 66 orang. Uji coba skala besar dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas X-G, X-H, XI-IPS 3, dan XI-BHS dari SMA N I Prambanan berjumlah 132 orang. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu; (1 pedoman wawancara, (2 skala nilai, (3 pedoman observasi permainan, (4 pedoman observasi keefektifan permainan, (5 pedoman observasi terhadap guru pelaku uji coba, dan (6 rubrik penilaian siswa. Teknik analisis data dengan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian berupa tujuh model permainan yang layak dan efektif digunakan dalam pembelajaran penjas, hal ini dibuktikan dengan perolehan persentase sebesar 100% dari data hasil kuesioner skala nilai, observasi model permainan, observasi keefektifan permainan, dan observasi guru pelaku uji coba. Model permainan juga efektif untuk mengembangkan ranah kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik, yang dibuktikan dengan terjadinya peningkatan persentase nilai rata-rata siswa sebesar 21%. Kata kunci: model, permainan, aktivitas luar kelas, kognitif, afektif, psikomotorik THE OUTDOOR ACTIVITY GAME MODEL TO DEVELOP THE ASPECT OF COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE, AND PSYCHOMOTOR OF THE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS Abstract This study aims at producing outdoor activity game models which are proper to be used for physicall education learning and developing cognitive, affective, and

  15. Meningkatkan Kedisiplinan Belajar Siswa Melalui Layanan Penguasaan Konten dengan Teknik Modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khuliyah Khuliyah

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui peningkatan kedisiplinan belajar siswa setelah diberikan layanan penguasaan konten dengan  teknik modelling. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas. Subjek dalam penelitian ini yaitu siswa kelass VII H SMP Negeri 3 Ungaran yang berjumlah 31 siswa. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan skala kedisiplinan belajar dan pedoman observasi. Instrumen tersebut telah diujicobakan untuk digunakan dalam penelitian menggunakan validitas dengan rumus product moment oleh Pearson dan reliabilitas instrumen dengan rumus alpha. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan yakni analisis deskriptif persentase dan Uji t (t-test. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat peningkatan kedisiplinan belajar siswa melalui layanan penguasaan konten dengan teknik modelling, dengan nilai  >  yaitu 16,874 > 2,042. Simpulan dari penelitian ini adalah kedisiplinan belajar siswa dapat ditingkatkan melalui layanan penguasaan konten dengan teknik modelling. Oleh karena itu, diharapkan guru pembimbing dapat meningkatkan layanan penguasaan konten kepada siswa sebagai strategi untuk membantu siswa dalam meningkatkan kedisiplinan belajar. The purpose of this study is to identify the improvement of learning discipline of student after given mastery of content service by modeling technique. Subjects of this study are students of class VII H in SMP Negeri 3 Ungaran which involved 31 students. Data collection techniques were using the learning discipline scale and observation. Validity of instrument has been tested using Pearson product moment and reliability of the instrument with alpha formula. Data analysis technique used percentage descriptive analysis and t-test (t–test. The results of this study indicate that there is an increase of student learning discipline through the mastery of content services with modeling technique, the value of  >  is 16.874 > 2.042. From this research it can be concluded that student learning

  16. Correction of Excessive Precipitation over Steep Mountains in a General Circulation Model (GCM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Winston C.

    2012-01-01

    Excessive precipitation over steep and high mountains (EPSM) is a well-known problem in GCMs and regional climate models even at a resolution as high as 19km. The affected regions include the Andes, the Himalayas, Sierra Madre, New Guinea and others. This problem also shows up in some data assimilation products. Among the possible causes investigated in this study, we found that the most important one, by far, is a missing upward transport of heat out of the boundary layer due to the vertical circulations forced by the daytime subgrid-scale upslope winds, which in turn is forced by heated boundary layer on the slopes. These upslope winds are associated with large subgrid-scale topographic variance, which is found over steep mountains. Without such subgrid-scale heat ventilation, the resolvable-scale upslope flow in the boundary layer generated by surface sensible heat flux along the mountain slopes is excessive. Such an excessive resolvable-scale upslope flow in the boundary layer combined with the high moisture content in the boundary layer results in excessive moisture transport toward mountaintops, which in turn gives rise to excessive precipitation over the affected regions. We have parameterized the effects of subgrid-scale heated-slope-induced vertical circulation (SHVC) by removing heat from the boundary layer and depositing it in the layers higher up when topographic variance exceeds a critical value. Test results using NASA/Goddard's GEOS-5 GCM have shown that the EPSM problem is largely solved.

  17. Impacts of Aerosol Direct Effects on the South Asian Climate: Assessment of Radiative Feedback Processes Using Model Simulations and Satellite/Surface Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Sheng-Hsiang; Gautam, Ritesh; Lau, William K. M.; Tsay, Si-Chee; Sun, Wen-Yih; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Chern, Jiun-Dar; Hsu, Christina; Lin, Neng-Huei

    2011-01-01

    Current assessment of aerosol radiative effect is hindered by our incomplete knowledge of aerosol optical properties, especially absorption, and our current inability to quantify physical and microphysical processes. In this research, we investigate direct aerosol radiative effect over heavy aerosol loading areas (e.g., Indo-Gangetic Plains, South/East Asia) and its feedbacks on the South Asian climate during the pre-monsoon season (March-June) using the Purdue Regional Climate Model (PRCM) with prescribed aerosol data derived by the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5). Our modeling domain covers South and East Asia (60-140E and 0-50N) with spatial resolutions of 45 km in horizontal and 28 layers in vertical. The model is integrated from 15 February to 30 June 2008 continuously without nudging (i.e., only forced by initial/boundary conditions). Two numerical experiments are conducted with and without the aerosol-radiation effects. Both simulations are successful in reproducing the synoptic patterns on seasonal-to-interannual time scales and capturing a pre-monsoon feature of the northward rainfall propagation over Indian region in early June which shown in Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) observation. Preliminary result suggests aerosol-radiation interactions mainly alter surface-atmosphere energetics and further result in an adjustment of the vertical temperature distribution in lower atmosphere (below 700 hPa). The modifications of temperature and associated rainfall and circulation feedbacks on the regional climate will be discussed in the presentation.

  18. Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation, Volume 43. MERRA-2; Initial Evaluation of the Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koster, Randal D. (Editor); Bosilovich, Michael G.; Akella, Santha; Lawrence, Coy; Cullather, Richard; Draper, Clara; Gelaro, Ronald; Kovach, Robin; Liu, Qing; Molod, Andrea; hide

    2015-01-01

    The years since the introduction of MERRA have seen numerous advances in the GEOS-5 Data Assimilation System as well as a substantial decrease in the number of observations that can be assimilated into the MERRA system. To allow continued data processing into the future, and to take advantage of several important innovations that could improve system performance, a decision was made to produce MERRA-2, an updated retrospective analysis of the full modern satellite era. One of the many advances in MERRA-2 is a constraint on the global dry mass balance; this allows the global changes in water by the analysis increment to be near zero, thereby minimizing abrupt global interannual variations due to changes in the observing system. In addition, MERRA-2 includes the assimilation of interactive aerosols into the system, a feature of the Earth system absent from previous reanalyses. Also, in an effort to improve land surface hydrology, observations-corrected precipitation forcing is used instead of model-generated precipitation. Overall, MERRA-2 takes advantage of numerous updates to the global modeling and data assimilation system. In this document, we summarize an initial evaluation of the climate in MERRA-2, from the surface to the stratosphere and from the tropics to the poles. Strengths and weaknesses of the MERRA-2 climate are accordingly emphasized.

  19. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL KOOPERATIF MODELING THE WAY DENGAN TEKNIK RENDRA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BERMAIN DRAMA BERMUATAN PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PADA PESERTA DIDIK SMP KELAS VIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andhi Nugeraha Setiaji

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Pembelajaran drama di SMP masih berlangsung kurang maksimal. Model pembelajaran drama yang digunakan juga masih sangat terbatas. Salah satu alternatif model pembelajaran yang bisa digunakan adalah model kooperatif Modeling the Way. Rumusan masalah penelitian ini adalah bagaimana: kebutuhan pengembangan, prinsip pengembangan, prototipe, dan keefektifan model Modeling the Way . Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi kebutuhan pengembangan, merumuskan prinsip pengembangan, mengembangkan prototipe, dan mengidentifikasi keefektifan model Modeling the Way. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan desain penelitian R&D. Langkah penelitian ini adalah studi literatur, analisis kebutuhan pengembangan, pengembangan model, uji validasi, revisi, penerapan, revisi, pengembangan model akhir. Teknik pengumpulan data dilaksanakan melalui angket, jurnal, lembar pengamatan, lembar uji validasi, dan teknik tes. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah angket analisis kebutuhan pengembangan, lembar uji validasi, observasi, motivasi,  dan kreativitas peserta didik, serta lembar tes. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis data kebutuhan, uji validasi ahli, dan teknik analisis data uji coba terbatas Hasil penelitian ini adalah sebagai berikut. Kebutuhan pengembangan model Modeling the Way adalah diskusi, guru mengaitkan materi sebelumnya dengan materi yang  dipelajari, dan peserta didik memberikan evaluasi terhadap temannya. Prinsi model ini adalah kerja sama,  kreativitas individu, dan naskah drama bermuatan pendidikan karakter. During this learning in junior high drama still going on less than the maximum. Learners must find their own practice and role-play techniques. Examples of dramatic play techniques demonstrated by the teacher is still less than the maximum . In fact, sometimes the teacher does not show an example of dramatic play. Learning model used drama is still very limited. Often learners immediately given the task to find, read, and

  20. Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Bermain Peran (Role Playing dalam Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Ekonomi

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    Tri Hartati

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi di SMA N 1 Wadaslintang proses pembelajararan masih didominasi guru, ini membuat siswa pasif sehingga hasil belajar rendah. Upaya mencapai kompetensi pembelajaran adalah melakukan perbaikan dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran Role playing. Permasalahan: (1 apakah keaktifan siswa dengan penerapan model pembelajaran Role Playing dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar?, (2 bagaimana respon/tanggapan siswa dengan penerapan model Role Playing?. Tujuan: (1 mengetahui aktifitas siswa yang dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar, (2 mengetahui respon/tanggapan siswa terhadap model Role Playing. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilaksanakan dalam 2 siklus, masing-masing siklus dua kali pertemuan dan beberapa tahap yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan dan refleksi. Data yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini meliputi: keaktifan siswa, hasil belajar, dan respon siswa. Siklus I aktifitas siswa sebesar 57,82% (cukup aktif, rata-rata nilai hasil belajar 72 ketuntasan klasikal 68,18% dan respon siswa 64,58% (positif. Siklus II keaktifan siswa menjadi 78,9% (aktif, rata-rata nilai hasil belajar 84 ketuntasan klasikal 95,45% dan respon siswa meningkat menjadi 77,56% (positif. Simpulan dari penelitian ini adalah (1 meningkatnya keaktifan siswa dengan model pembelajaran Role Playing dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa, (2 respon/tanggapan siswa menunjukan respon positif selama proses pembelajaran. Saran dari penelitian ini yaitu (1 Pembelajaran menggunakan model role playing dapat disesuaikan dengan materi yang ada dengan catatan guru harus menerangkan terlebih dahulu materi yang akan dipelajari, (2 model pembelajaran role playing memerlukan penguasaan materi yang baik jadi sebelum melakukan proses role playing disarankan siswa lebih banyak membaca materi agar proses pembelajaran lebih aktif. � Based on observation, economic teacher at SMA N 1 Wadaslintang implement teacher center learning, student being pasive and student

  1. Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Picture and Picture Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Siswa Menulis Karangan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heriyanto Heriyanto

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Menulis merupakan keterampilan berbahasa yang kompleks, produktif dan ekspresif, karena penulis harus terampil menggunakan grofologi, struktur bahasa dan memiliki pengetahuan bahasa yang memadai, untuk itu perlu dilatih secara teratur dan cermat sejak kelas awal SD. Karangan sebagai salah satu hasil karya menulis, merupakan hasil pekerjaan dari mengarang. Menulis karangan dalam penelitian ini adalah menulis karangan narasi. Salah satu masalah dalam pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia adalah kesulitan siswa dalam menulis karangan yang baik dan benar, yang juga terjadi pada siswa kelas IVA SDN Pinggir Papas 1. Pembelajaran menulis karangan dengan menggunakan model kooperatif tipe picture and picture  diharapkan mampu meningkatkan pemahaman siswa dalam hal menulis karangan. Untuk itu, dilakukan penelitian terhadap siswa kelas IVA SDN Pinggir Papas I Kecamatan Kalianget Kabupaten Sumenep yang berjumlah 33 siswa. Penelitian dengan judul “Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Picture and Picture untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Siswa Menulis Karangan” ini menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas sebanyak dua putaran. Setiap putaran terdiri dari tahap rancangan, kegiatan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Data yang diperoleh berupa nilai hasil LKS dan kuis individu berupa menulis karangan, lembar observasi aktivitas guru dan siswa serta penilaian penggunaan model pembelajaran kooperatif picture and picture, juga hasil respon siswa. Dari hasil analis menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe picture and picture dapat meningkatkan kemampuan menulis karangan siswa kelas IVA SDN Pinggir Papas 1. Peningkatan ini terjadi pada nilai rata-rata LKS, yaitu dari 55 menjadi 71,6. Adapun hasil karangan individu siswa dari rata-rata 56,7 dengan ketuntasan 55% menjadi 74,5 dengan ketuntasan mencapai 88% atau terjadi peningkatan sebesar 33% dari siklus I.

  2. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL COMPREHENSIVE MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTION (CMI) DALAM MEMBANGUN KEMAMPUAN MATHEMATICAL THINKING SISWA

    OpenAIRE

    Nita Delima; Rozi Fitriza

    2017-01-01

    Kesetaraan dalam pendidikan merupakan elemen penting dari beberapa standar visi NCTM dalam pendidikan matematika. Kesetaraan yang dimaksud, tidak berarti bahwa setiap siswa harus menerima pembelajaran yang identik dari guru; sebaliknya, menuntut sebuah pembelajaran yang mengakomodasi sebuah akses dalam mencapai kemampuan setiap siswa. Selain itu, NCTM juga mengemukakan bahwa dalam pembelajaran matematika terdapat lima standar proses yang harus terpenuhi, yakni problem solving, reasoning and p...

  3. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP PADA PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heny Djoehaeni

    2014-08-01

    yang dapat menjadi acuan untuk guru dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Penelitian dan Pengembangan dengan tahap-tahap berikut: studi pendahuluan meliputi studi literatur, survei lapangan dan penyusunan produk awal. Tahap pengembangan termasuk pengujian terbatas dan uji coba serta tahap validasi yang lebih luas. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini masih belum optimal. Sebuah model pembelajaran dikembangkan dengan model yang didasarkan pada proses inkuiri kontekstual. Penerapan model pembelajaran berbasis inkuiri kontekstual pada Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar anak-anak, terutama pada ranah kompetensi pengetahuan, sikap dan keterampilan yang mengacu pada Kurikulum Muatan Lokal Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup. Kata Kunci: Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup, Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, kurikulum

  4. Tropospheric Ozone Source Attribution in Southern California during Summer 2014 Based on Lidar Measurements and Model Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granados Munoz, Maria Jose; Johnson, Matthew S.; Leblanc, Thierry

    2016-01-01

    In the past decades, significant efforts have been made to increase tropospheric ozone long-term monitoring. A large number of ground-based, airborne and space-borne instruments are currently providing valuable data to contribute to better understand tropospheric ozone budget and variability. Nonetheless, most of these instruments provide in-situ surface and column-integrated data, whereas vertically resolved measurements are still scarce. Besides ozonesondes and aircraft, lidar measurements have proven to be valuable tropospheric ozone profilers. Using the measurements from the tropospheric ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) located at the JPL Table Mountain Facility, California, and the GEOS-Chem and GEOS-5 model outputs, the impact of the North American monsoon on tropospheric ozone during summer 2014 is investigated. The influence of the Monsoon lightning-induced NOx will be evaluated against other sources (e.g. local anthropogenic emissions and the stratosphere) using also complementary data such as backward-trajectories analysis, coincident water vapor lidar measurements, and surface ozone in-situ measurements.

  5. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN IPA MODEL LEARNING CYCLE 7E UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fembriani -

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Proses pembelajaran dalam KTSP memerlukan pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran. Observasi yang peneliti lakukan di kelas IV pada lima sekolah dasar, 80% guru tidak membuat perangkat pembelajaran sendiri, 60% SD masih menggunakan perangkat pembelajaran teacher center, dan 50% belum mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis yang sesuai dengan indikator. Penelitian ini menggunakan model pengembangan Plomp dengan tujuan untuk memperoleh perangkat pembelajaran yang valid, efektif, dan praktis. Hasil Penelitian menunjukan: (1 pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran learning cycle 7E menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid. Skor rata-rata validasi ahli terhadap silabus 3,6 (sangat baik, RPP 3,7 (sangat baik, bahan ajar 3,5 (sangat baik, LKS 3,6 (sangat baik, dan evaluasi  3,5 (sangat baik. (2 implementasi perangkat  pembelajaran yang valid terbukti efektif karena setelah diberi perlakuan menggunakan model learning cycle 7E terdapat perbedaan antara kelas kontrol dan ekperimen dengan nilai signifikansi 0,02 < 0,05 dan peningkatan hasil N-gain kelas eksperimen sebesar 0,62 yang menunjukan kriteria sedang. (3 Berdasarkan analisis kuisioner, perangkat pembelajaran yang  praktis dapat diterima oleh siswa dan guru sebesar 80% dan 80%. Simpulan yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran IPA model learning cycle 7E adalah valid, efektif, dan praktis.The learning process in school based curiculum requires the development of learning instrument. The observation that researcher done on fourth grade at five Elementary Schools, 80% of teachers do not make their own learning device, 60% of  school teachers still use the teacher learning center, and 50% have not yet developed learning tools to improve critical thinking skills in accordance with the indicators. This study use a model of development Plomp in order to obtain a valid learning device, effective, and practical. The result of

  6. PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF MAKE A MATCH BERBANTUAN SLIDE SHARE TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR KOGNITIF IPS DAN KETERAMPILAN SOSIAL

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    Udin Cahya Ari Prastya

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This research is conducted due to the problems faced by the fifth graders of Ampelgading 01 Public Elementary School. They find difficulties in understanding social science subject, indicated by students’ learning outcomes. Only 5% students of class pass the Minimum Passing Criteria of 70. Teacher-centered learning decreases the interaction between teachers and students and students with students, which related to the development of social skills such. Therefore, interactive learning model is needed to build good classroom atmosphere and improve students’ interactions. One model of interactive learning is a Make a Match.This research used quantitative and quasi-experiment methods, Quasi-experimental design used is nonequivalent control group design, using independent t-test assisted with SPSS 16 software for data analysis.The research result presents following the treatment in experimental class using cooperative teaching model ‘Make a Match’ using slide share, average grade of posttest obtained from control group is 66,15 while the experimental class gained the average of 75,18; control class obtained social skills scores with the average of 45 and 61 for experimental class. t test result indicates the cognitive learning measured from gain score of pretest and posttest have significant value of 0.000 and social skills shows significant value of 0.000. It is known that 0.000> 0.05, indicates that is related to the effect of cooperative teaching model ‘Make a Match’ using slide share to the social science cognitive and social skill. Pelaksanaan penelitian ini dikarenakan adanya masalah yang dihadapi oleh siswa kelas V di SDN Ampelgading 01. Meraka merasa kesulitas dalam memahami materi mata pelajaran IPS, hal ini dibuktikan dengan nilai hasil belajar siswa yang mendapatkan nilai di atas KKM dengan nilai KKM 70 hanya 5% dari jumlah total keseluruan siswa. Pembelajaran guru yang bersifat aksi menimbulkan tidak adanya interaksi antara

  7. MODEL PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH BERORIENTASI METAKOGNITIF JENJANG SMA

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    Cahyo Budi Utomo

    2015-01-01

    pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran sejarah berorientasi metakognitif pada jenjang pendi-dikan SMA yang dikembangkan memiliki ciri utama pada pencantuman tujuan pembelajaran metakognitif secara eksplisit dan dilengkapi dengan penugasan dan perangkat assesmen berupa rubrik dan angket. Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran sejarah berorientasi metakognitif pada jenjang pendidikan SMA telah dilaksanakan seoptimal mungkin dengan melibatkan guru dalam proses pengembangan dan pengujian melalui FGD dan pengisian angket.Kata Kunci: Model, Perangkat Pembelajaran, Metakognitif, Jenjang SMA  

  8. MODEL MULTIMEDIA INTERAKTIF BERBASIS GAYA BELAJAR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PENGUASAAN KONSEP PENDAHULUAN FISIKA ZAT PADAT

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    K. Wiyono

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh model multimedia interaktif berbasis gaya belajar dalam meningkatkan penguasaan konsep pendahuluan fisika zat padat mahasiswa calon guru. Metode eksperimen dengan desain control group pretest-posttest design dilaksanakan terhadap 37 mahasiswa kelas eks-perimen dan 36 mahasiswa kelas kontrol di LPTK Sumatera Selatan. Instrumen berupa kuesioner gaya belajar, tes pilihan ganda, angket dan lembar observasi. Uji t beda rerata digunakan melihat peningkatan penguasaan konsep mahasiswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan tertinggi terjadi pada gaya belajar visual sebesar 83,0 (kategori tinggi dan terendah pada gaya belajar kinestetik sebesar 66,3 (ketegori sedang. Peningkatan penguasaan konsep kelas eksperimen 74 (kategori tinggi dan kelas kontrol 47 (ketegori sedang. Disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan  multimedia interaktif berbasis gaya belajar lebih efektif daripada pembelajaran konvensional dalam meningkatkan penguasaan konsep pendahuluan fisika zat padat.This study aims to see the effect of interactive multimedia model based learning styles to improve the concept mastery introductory solid state physics prospective teachers. Experimental methods with pretest posttes control group design implemented of 37 students in the experimental class and 36 students in the control class LPTK South Sumatra. Instruments of learning styles questionnaires, multiple choice tests, questionnaires and observation sheets. The mean difference t test used to see an increase in student concepts of mastery. The results showed that the highest increase occurred in the visual learning style that is equal to 83.0 (high category and the lowest at 66.3 for kinesthetic learning styles (medium category. Increased concept of mastery class experiments 74 (high category and a control class 47 (medium category. Concluded that the use of interactive multimedia-based learning style is more effective than conventional learning in

  9. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN JIGSAW DENGAN STRATEGI METAKOGNITIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SELF-EFFICACY DAN KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

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    Purtiana Septi Alfurofika

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika model Jigsaw strategi Metakognitif untuk meningkatkan self-efficacy terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah dengan materi segi empat kelas VII valid, praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan modifikasi Plomp. Jenis perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan adalah silabus, RPP, bahan ajar, LKS, media pembelajaran, Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah. Teknik pengambilan data menggunakan lembar validasi, lembar pengamatan self-efficacy dan aktifitas, Lembar angket, dan Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 perangkat yang dikembangkan valid; (2 pembelajaran praktis ditandai dengan respon positif siswa dan kemampuan guru baik; (3 Efektifitas ditandai dengan (a kemampuan pemecahan masalah mencapai KKM yaitu 83,4 dan ketuntasan klasikal sebesar 90,3%; (b self-efficacy dan aktifitas siswa secara bersama – sama berpengaruh positif terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah sebesar 71,9%; dan (c self-efficacy dan aktivitas siswa mengalami peningkatan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan tujuan pengembangan perangkat tercapai. The aim of this research to produce mathematics’ learning device the Jigsaw model with Metacognitive strategies for increasing self-efficacy towards problem solving ability to quadrilateral of class VII valid, practical and effective. This research is development of modifications Plomp. Kinds of learning devices are developed syllabi, lesson plans, teaching materials, worksheets, instructional media, and problem solving ability test. Technique of data collection by using validation sheet, observation sheet student’s self-efficacy and activity, questionnaire, and problem solving ability test. The results showed: (1 device developed valid; (2 practical learning is characterized by the positive response of students and good teachers ability; (3 effectiveness characterized by (a the ability of problem

  10. MEMFASILITASI HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS DALAM PERKULIAHAN BIOLOGI SEL MELALUI MODEL INTEGRASI ATRIBUT ASESMEN FORMATIF

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    Sigit Saptono

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills sangat dibutuhkan untuk memahami permasalahan dan esensi materi perkuliahan Biologi Sel. Studi dengan desain Research and Development ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa calon guru biologi melalui penerapan model pembelajaran Integrasi Atribut Asesmen Formatif (IAAF. Sejumlah 61 mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Negeri Semarang semester tiga yang sedang menempuh mata kuliah Biologi Sel menjadi subjek penelitian. Kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa diukur melalui tugas individu, tugas kelompok pembuatan peta konsep dan penyusunan laporan reviu artikel, dan 30 item soal berbentuk selected response questions dan constructed response questions tervalidasi. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa dapat berkembang secara signifikan, meskipun perkembangan kemampuan argumentasi, salah satu kategori kemampuan berpikir analitik, masih perlu perhatian yang cukup serius.   Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills are needed to understand the problem and the essence of the lecture material Biology Sel. Study design Research and Development aims to develop reasoning skills and analytic thinking biology student teachers through the application of learning models Integration Attributes Formative Assessment (IAAF. Some 61 students of Biology Education Semarang State University who is doing his third semester courses Cell Biology is the subject of research. Analytical reasoning and thinking ability of students is measured through individual assignments, group assignments concept map creation and preparation of the Review articles, and 30 items about the shape of the selected response and constructed response questions, validated questions. The result showed

  11. Analisis Model Pembelajaran Tipe Think-Pair-Share Berbasis Pemecahan Masalah Terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Siswa

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    Sumarli Sumarli

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Pembelajaran fisika sampai saat ini lebih mengutamakan penilaian hasil belajar tanpa menilai proses pembelajarannya. Selain itu, sistem penilaian prestasi siswa lebih banyak didasarkan melalui tes-tes yang sifatnya menguji kemampuan kognitif tingkat rendah sehingga menyebabkan rendahnya prestasi siswa Indonesia di bidang sains khususnya fisika yang masih di bawah rata-rata internasional. Kemampuan kognitif tingkat rendah ini belum melibatkan proses analisis siswa. Untuk melibatkan proses analisis siswa diperlukan tes yang menguji kemampuan kognitif tingkat tinggi. Namun untuk memberikan tes yang dapat menguji kemampuan kognitif tingkat tinggi diperlukan proses pembelajaran yang dapat memberikan pengalaman langsung pada siswa. Pembelajaran yang melatih keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi dapat dikembangkan melalui pembelajaran langsung dengan tujuan agar siswa dapat memperoleh ingatan dalam jangka panjang dan siswa juga dapat mengonstruk pengetahuannya sendiri, tetapi kenyataannya secara umum pembelajaran fisika didominasi dengan metode ceramah. Aktivitas siswa hanya terbatas pada mendengarkan, mencatat, menjawab pertanyaan bila guru memberikan pertanyaan, maka proses pembelajaran tersebut jelas tidak mendorong siswa untuk berpikir kritis dan kreatif dalam beraktivitas. Salah satu model pembelajaran yang sesuai dengan permasalahan tersebut adalah model pembelajaran tipe Think-Pair-Share (TPS berbasis pemecahan masalah. Model ini dapat mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi pada diri siswa, membuat siswa terlibat langsung dalam proses pembelajaran sehingga siswa belajar konstruktif tidak bersifat hapalan dan melatih siswa untuk melakukan proses berpikir dan mengungkapkan pendapat dalam memecahkan permasalahan yang ada. Dengan adanya model pembelajaran tersebut diharapkan dapat meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa yang meliputi keterampilan menganalisis, mengevaluasi, dan menciptakan seiring dengan meningkatnya

  12. Efektivitas Model Prakarya dan Kewirausahaan Berbasis Ekonomi Kreatif Berdimensi Industri Keunggulan Lokal terhadap Keinovatifan Siswa

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    Sukardi Sukardi

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan model pendidikan Prakarya dan Kewirausahaan berbasis ekonomi kreatif berdimensi industri keunggulan lokal terhadap keinovatifan siswa SMA dalam menghasilkan produk/jasa. Penelitian berupa penelitian dan pengembangan versi Borg dan Gall yang dipadukan dengan prinsip desain konstruktivistik. Kajian dilakukan melalui tahapan uji produk awal melalui uji terbatas yang disertai revisi; uji produk akhir melalui quasi eksperimen; dan desiminasi dan implementasi. Data dikumpulkan melalui tes, proyek, dan kuesioner, sedang analisis data dilakukan lewat uji korelasi dan t-tes. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 hasil uji produk awal menunjukkan bahwa model yang dihasilkan sangat baik dan layak diuji lebih lanjut; (2 hasil uji produk akhir menunjukkan model yang dihasilkan efektif ditinjau dari keinovatifan siswa dalam menghasilkan produk ekonomi kreatif berdimensi keunggulan lokal; (3 guru dan siswa memberikan respon yang sangat baik terhadap model yang dihasilkan dilihat dari aspek relevance, reflection, interaction, tutor support, peer support, dan interpretation; (4 model akhir yang dihasilkan memuat tiga komponen utama, yaitu tujuan, prosedur, dan penilaian pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: efektivitas model, prakarya dan kewirausahaan, keinovatifan THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CRAFTSMANSHIP EDUCATIONAL MODEL AND CREATIVE ECONOMY-BASED ENTREPRENEURSHIP WITH LOCAL ADVANTAGE INDUSTRY TO STUDENTS’ INNOVATION Abstract: The purpose of this study is to figure out the effectiveness of craftsmanship educational model and creative economy-based entrepreneurship with local advantage industry to the level of high school students’ innovation in providing products / services. This study uses a model of research and development developed by Borg and Gall combined with constructivist design principles. The second phase involves two steps: (1 the initial product test through limited testing with revisions; (2 the final

  13. Lessons Learned from Assimilating Altimeter Data into a Coupled General Circulation Model with the GMAO Augmented Ensemble Kalman Filter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian; Vernieres, Guillaume; Rienecker, Michele; Jacob, Jossy; Kovach, Robin

    2011-01-01

    Satellite altimetry measurements have provided global, evenly distributed observations of the ocean surface since 1993. However, the difficulties introduced by the presence of model biases and the requirement that data assimilation systems extrapolate the sea surface height (SSH) information to the subsurface in order to estimate the temperature, salinity and currents make it difficult to optimally exploit these measurements. This talk investigates the potential of the altimetry data assimilation once the biases are accounted for with an ad hoc bias estimation scheme. Either steady-state or state-dependent multivariate background-error covariances from an ensemble of model integrations are used to address the problem of extrapolating the information to the sub-surface. The GMAO ocean data assimilation system applied to an ensemble of coupled model instances using the GEOS-5 AGCM coupled to MOM4 is used in the investigation. To model the background error covariances, the system relies on a hybrid ensemble approach in which a small number of dynamically evolved model trajectories is augmented on the one hand with past instances of the state vector along each trajectory and, on the other, with a steady state ensemble of error estimates from a time series of short-term model forecasts. A state-dependent adaptive error-covariance localization and inflation algorithm controls how the SSH information is extrapolated to the sub-surface. A two-step predictor corrector approach is used to assimilate future information. Independent (not-assimilated) temperature and salinity observations from Argo floats are used to validate the assimilation. A two-step projection method in which the system first calculates a SSH increment and then projects this increment vertically onto the temperature, salt and current fields is found to be most effective in reconstructing the sub-surface information. The performance of the system in reconstructing the sub-surface fields is particularly

  14. Assimilation of SMOS Brightness Temperatures or Soil Moisture Retrievals into a Land Surface Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lannoy, Gabrielle J. M.; Reichle, Rolf H.

    2016-01-01

    Three different data products from the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission are assimilated separately into the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, version 5 (GEOS-5) to improve estimates of surface and root-zone soil moisture. The first product consists of multi-angle, dual-polarization brightness temperature (Tb) observations at the bottom of the atmosphere extracted from Level 1 data. The second product is a derived SMOS Tb product that mimics the data at a 40 degree incidence angle from the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission. The third product is the operational SMOS Level 2 surface soil moisture (SM) retrieval product. The assimilation system uses a spatially distributed ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) with seasonally varying climatological bias mitigation for Tb assimilation, whereas a time-invariant cumulative density function matching is used for SM retrieval assimilation. All assimilation experiments improve the soil moisture estimates compared to model-only simulations in terms of unbiased root-mean-square differences and anomaly correlations during the period from 1 July 2010 to 1 May 2015 and for 187 sites across the US. Especially in areas where the satellite data are most sensitive to surface soil moisture, large skill improvements (e.g., an increase in the anomaly correlation by 0.1) are found in the surface soil moisture. The domain-average surface and root-zone skill metrics are similar among the various assimilation experiments, but large differences in skill are found locally. The observation-minus-forecast residuals and analysis increments reveal large differences in how the observations add value in the Tb and SM retrieval assimilation systems. The distinct patterns of these diagnostics in the two systems reflect observation and model errors patterns that are not well captured in the assigned EnKF error parameters. Consequently, a localized optimization of the EnKF error parameters is needed to further improve Tb or SM retrieval

  15. Meningkatkan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar Siswa dengan Menerapkan Pembelajaran Kooperatif Model Think Pair Share Berbasis Kurikulum 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Alfian Irawan

    2015-11-01

    merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK. Subyek penelitian adalah siswa kelas X Penasaran 1 SMK Negeri 1 Pasuruan tahun 2014/2015. Pengumpulan data menggunakan tes, observasi, catatan lapangan, wawancara, angket dan dokumentasi. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan dua siklus. Setiap siklus mencakup 4 tahap kegiatan yaitu: 1 perencanaan, 2 pelaksanaan tindakan, 3 observasi dan 4 refleksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  penerapan model Think Pair Share yaitu: (a Berfikir mandiri (b Berpasangan (c berbagi. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan (1 Penerapan pembelajaran berjalan dari dengan baik, terbukti dengan adanya peningkatan pada aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa, (2 Aktivitas belajar siswa meningkat dari persentase 37,91% pada siklus I menjadi 87,60% pada siklus II, (3 Hasil belajar siswa terdiri dari kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotor yang meningkat dari persentase 44,19% pada siklus I menjadi 85,56% pada siklus II (4 Hambatan  yang terjadi dapat diatasi dengan adanya solusi dalam refleksi berupa saran dari guru mata pelajaran dan observer (5 Respon siswa terhadap penerapan pembelajaran kooperatif model TPS mendapatkan apresiasi dan antusias yang baik oleh siswa dengan nilai presentase rata-rata 87,76%. Salah satu kendala penerapan model pembelajaran think pair share yaitu memerlukan manajemen waktu yang lebih baik sehingga guru harus lebih cermat dalam memanajemen waktu.

  16. PERBEDAAN JENIS PEMBELAJARAN MODEL CTL DAN DISCOVERY LEARNING DITINJAU DARI MOTIVASI BELAJAR IPS

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    Elpri Darta Putra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis perbedaan motivasi belajar siswa melalui model pembelajaran Contextual Teaching And Learning, Discovery Learning dan pembelajaran ekspositori. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas IV SDN Kuningan 01, SDN Kuningan 04, dan SDN Dadapsari Semarang tahun ajaran 2014/2015. Penelitian dilakukan empat kali pertemuan. Instrumen penelitian ini adalah angket yang berupa butir-butir pernyataan dan lembar wawancara guru. Penelitian ini dalam bentuk penelitian quasi-experimental atau eksperimen semu. Jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 85 siswa. Hasil penelitian tentang motivasi belajar siswa di kelas empat menunjukkan bahwa melalui model pembelajaran CTL motivasi belajar siswa dengan nilai rata-rata pada kelas tersebut 81,92 melalui model pembelajaran Discovery Learning 77,66dan melalui pembelajaran ekspositori memiliki rata-rata 52.28. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut terdapat perbedaan antara motivasi belajar siswa yang menggunakan model pembelajaran CTL, Discovery Learning dan ekspositori, pembelajaran melalui model CTL lebih baik dari pembelajaran melalui model discovery learning dan ekspositrori. The purpose of this study was to analyze differences in student motivation through learning model Contextual Teaching And Learning, Discovery Learning and expository. Subjects in this study were fourth grade students of SDN 01 Brass, Brass SDN 04, and SDN Dadapsari Semarang academic year 2014/2015. The study was conducted four meetings. Data collection instruments in this study was a questionnaire in the form of grains statements and teacher questionnaires. The study is in the form of quasi-experimental or quasi-experimental, the number of samples in this study were 85 students .. The results of students' motivation in the fourth grade showed that through learning model CTL student motivation with the average value in the class 81, 92 through Discovery Learning learning model through expository 77.66 and

  17. Improved Hydrology over Peatlands in a Global Land Modeling System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bechtold, M.; Delannoy, G.; Reichle, R.; Koster, R.; Mahanama, S.; Roose, Dirk

    2018-01-01

    Peatlands of the Northern Hemisphere represent an important carbon pool that mainly accumulated since the last ice age under permanently wet conditions in specific geological and climatic settings. The carbon balance of peatlands is closely coupled to water table dynamics. Consequently, the future carbon balance over peatlands is strongly dependent on how hydrology in peatlands will react to changing boundary conditions, e.g. due to climate change or regional water level drawdown of connected aquifers or streams. Global land surface modeling over organic-rich regions can provide valuable global-scale insights on where and how peatlands are in transition due to changing boundary conditions. However, the current global land surface models are not able to reproduce typical hydrological dynamics in peatlands well. We implemented specific structural and parametric changes to account for key hydrological characteristics of peatlands into NASA's GEOS-5 Catchment Land Surface Model (CLSM, Koster et al. 2000). The main modifications pertain to the modeling of partial inundation, and the definition of peatland-specific runoff and evapotranspiration schemes. We ran a set of simulations on a high performance cluster using different CLSM configurations and validated the results with a newly compiled global in-situ dataset of water table depths in peatlands. The results demonstrate that an update of soil hydraulic properties for peat soils alone does not improve the performance of CLSM over peatlands. However, structural model changes for peatlands are able to improve the skill metrics for water table depth. The validation results for the water table depth indicate a reduction of the bias from 2.5 to 0.2 m, and an improvement of the temporal correlation coefficient from 0.5 to 0.65, and from 0.4 to 0.55 for the anomalies. Our validation data set includes both bogs (rain-fed) and fens (ground and/or surface water influence) and reveals that the metrics improved less for fens. In

  18. Modeling the Influences of Aerosols on Pre-Monsoon Circulation and Rainfall over Southeast Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, D.; Sud, Y. C.; Oreopoulos, L.; Kim, K.-M.; Lau, W. K.; Kang, I.-S.

    2014-01-01

    We conduct several sets of simulations with a version of NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5, (GEOS-5) Atmospheric Global Climate Model (AGCM) equipped with a two-moment cloud microphysical scheme to understand the role of biomass burning aerosol (BBA) emissions in Southeast Asia (SEA) in the pre-monsoon period of February-May. Our experiments are designed so that both direct and indirect aerosol effects can be evaluated. For climatologically prescribed monthly sea surface temperatures, we conduct sets of model integrations with and without biomass burning emissions in the area of peak burning activity, and with direct aerosol radiative effects either active or inactive. Taking appropriate differences between AGCM experiment sets, we find that BBA affects liquid clouds in statistically significantly ways, increasing cloud droplet number concentrations, decreasing droplet effective radii (i.e., a classic aerosol indirect effect), and locally suppressing precipitation due to a deceleration of the autoconversion process, with the latter effect apparently also leading to cloud condensate increases. Geographical re-arrangements of precipitation patterns, with precipitation increases downwind of aerosol sources are also seen, most likely because of advection of weakly precipitating cloud fields. Somewhat unexpectedly, the change in cloud radiative effect (cloud forcing) at surface is in the direction of lesser cooling because of decreases in cloud fraction. Overall, however, because of direct radiative effect contributions, aerosols exert a net negative forcing at both the top of the atmosphere and, perhaps most importantly, the surface, where decreased evaporation triggers feedbacks that further reduce precipitation. Invoking the approximation that direct and indirect aerosol effects are additive, we estimate that the overall precipitation reduction is about 40% due to the direct effects of absorbing aerosols, which stabilize the atmosphere and reduce

  19. IMPLEMENTASI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TALKING CHIPS DAN FAN-N-PICK DALAM MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI DAN HASIL BELAJAR IPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrus Logo Radja

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to describe how Talking Chips and Fan-N-Pick learning model to improve VIII D class students’ motivation and learning outcomes at SMP Kristen Citra Bangsa Kota Kupang. The study is a Classroom Action Research (CAR study. The study consists of four phases, i.e. plan, action, observation, and reflection. The phases in CAR are conducted in 2 cycles. The subject of the study is 20 VIII D class students of SMP Kristen Citra Bangsa Kota Kupang. The collected data consists of students’ motivation and learning result test. The result of the study shows that there is an improvement on students’ motivation in the first cycle and the high criteria is improved to very high criteria in the end of the second cycle. The improvement is also occurred in students’ learning outcome and implementation whether it is from the students or the teacher. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bagaimana penerapan model pembelajaran Talking Chips dan Fan-N-Pick untuk meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa kelas VIII-D di SMP Kristen Citra Bangsa Kota Kupang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK. Penelitian ini terdiri atas empat tahap, yaitu tahap perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan/observasi dan refleksi. Tahapan dalam PTK ini dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Subjek dalam penelitian ini ialah siswa kelas VIII-D SMP Kristen Citra Bangsa Kupang yang berjumlah 20 orang. Data yang dikumpulkan dalam penelitian ini adalah motivasi siswa dan tes hasil belajar. Hasil penelitian menunjukan terjadinya peningkatan motivasi siswa pada siklus I dengan kriteria tinggi meningkat menjadi sangat tinggi pada akhir siklus II. Peningkatan juga terjadi pada hasil belajar siswa dan keterlaksanaan pembelajaran baik oleh guru dan siswa.

  20. Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Penstimulasian Multiple Intelligences Siswa

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    Edy Legowo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini membahas mengenai penerapan teori multiple intelligences dalam pembelajaran di sekolah. Pembahasan diawali dengan menguraikan perkembangan konsep inteligensi dan multiple intelligences. Diikuti dengan menjelaskan dampak teori multiple intelligences dalam bidang pendidikan dan pembelajaran di sekolah. Bagian selanjutnya menguraikan tentang implementasi teori multiple intelligences dalam praktik pembelajaran di kelas yaitu bagaimana pemberian pengalaman belajar siswa yang difasilitasi guru dapat menstimulasi multiple intelligences siswa. Evaluasi hasil belajar siswa dari pandangan penerapan teori multiple intelligences seharusnya dilakukan menggunakan authentic assessment dan portofolio yang lebih memfasilitasi para siswa mengungkapkan atau mengaktualisasikan hasil belajarnya melalui berbagai cara sesuai dengan kekuatan jenis inteligensinya.

  1. Pengembangan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa (LAS Matematika Kelas X SMA Dengan Penerapan Variasi Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif

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    Tetty Natalia Sipayung

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui: (1 validitas Lembar Aktivitas Siswa (LAS matematika kelas X SMA yang dikembangkan dengan penerapan variasi model pembelajaran kooperatif; (2 efektivitas pembelajaran dengan menggunakan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa  matematika dengan menerapkan variasi model pembelajaran kooperatif. Adapun jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian dan pengembangan (Research and Development yang mengembangkan bahan ajar berupa Lembar Aktivitas Siswa. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah: (1 Lembar Aktivitas Siswa matematika kelas X SMA yang dikembangkan adalah valid dengan skor rata-rata dari validator adalah 4,56 atau 91,2%. Dikatakan valid artinya layak digunakan atau dipakai dalam pembelajaran matematika; (2 Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa matematika dengan menerapkan variasi model pembelajaran kooperatif adalah efektif. Hal tersebut dianalisis berdasarkan observasi aktivitas siswa, kemampuan guru dalam mengelola pembelajaran, dan hasil belajar siswa di kelas eksperimen dan di kelas kontrol. Siswa pada kelas eksperimen dibelajarkan dengan menggunakan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa (LAS dan menerapkan variasi model pembelajaran kooperatif yaitu tipe Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD, Numbered Head Together (NHT, Think Pair Share (TPS, dan Jigsaw pada kelas eksperimen. Sementara siswa pada kelas kontrol dibelajarkan tanpa menggunakan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa (LAS dan menerapkan pembelajaran konvensional. Kata Kunci: Lembar Aktivitas Siswa, Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif    Abstract. The objectives of the research are: (1 The validity of student’s Mathematic worksheet for tenth grade of senior high school using various cooperative leaning models; (2 The learning effectiveness of student’s Mathematic worksheet sheet using various cooperative learning. The method used is research and development that develops students’ Mathematic worksheet as teaching media. The research findings are as

  2. PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA MODEL IKRAR BERPENDEKATAN RME UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN REPRESENTASI MATEMATIKA

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    Aristiyo -

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran Penelitianini bertujuan menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika Model IKRARberpendekatan RME yang valid, praktis dan efektif. Model pengembangan mengacupada model Plomp. Hasil penelitian ini adalah: (1perangkatpembelajaran yangdikembangkan valid: Silabus 3,99 (baik; RPP3,93 (baik; bukusiswa 3,86 (baik;LKS 3,84 (baik; dan TKRM 4,03 (sangat baik untuk rentang 1-5; (2 Perangkatpembelajaran dinyatakan praktis: a rata-rata kemampuan guru mengelola kelas4,27 (sangat baik untuk rentang 1-5; danbrata-rata respon siswa positif  83,64%;(3 Pembelajaran matematika dinyatakan efektif: a rata-rata KRM kelas uji cobaperangkat lebih besar dari 70, proporsi siswa dengan nilai minimal 70 melebihi75%; b KRM siswa kelas IKRAR dengan rata-rata sebesar 81,95 lebih baik daripada kelas ekspositori sebesar 68,91; c KRM siswa dipengaruhi secara bersamasamaoleh kemandiriandanketerampilansebesar73,2%;dpeningkatan KRMkelasIKRARsebesar 0,62 (sedang.Dalam pembelajaan matematika, hendaknyagurumemperhatikankemampuanrepresentasimatematikasiswa,khususnyadalammerepresentasikansoaldari bentuk teksmenjadibentuksimbolmatematika.AbstractThe purposeof  this studywas toproduce amathematics learning equipment is valid, practice,and effectiven. The research that used is instructional development model which refers toa Plomp’s model.Theresult of  learning equipment development as follows: (1 learningequipment developed isvalid: syllabusis 3,99 (good; RPPis3,93(good; student book is3,86 (good; LKSis3,84 (good; and testthe KRM is 4,03 (very good for 1 to 5 scale; (2learningtooluse specified practice, namely: a abilityto manage classroom teacher is very goodhas an average 4,27, b the positive student response to learning hasan average 83,64%;(3learningmathematicseffective: a KRM average grade test device is greater than 73, aswell as the proportion of  students who learn a minimum value equal by 70 by 75

  3. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH BERMAIN PERAN UNTUK PENINGKATKAN RASA CINTA TANAH AIR SISWA KELAS V PADA MATERI PROKLAMASI KEMERDEKAAN

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    Rosnawati -

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian berfokus pada pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah-bermain peran untuk meningkatkan rasa cinta tanah air siswa. Tujuan  penelitian ini untuk mendapatkan model pembelajaran yang valid, efektif dan praktis. Metode penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan. Sistem pendukung model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan antara lain silabus pembelajaran, Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP, Bahan Ajar dilengkapi dengan Lembar Kerja Siswa (LKS, serta instrumen pembelajaran yang terdiri dari Lembar observasi, lembar angket pengukuran rasa cinta tanah air, dan lembar soal. Penelitian dilakukan pada siswa kelas V SDN Muktiharjo Lor Genuk kota Semarang. Model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan tergolong valid. Respon positif siswa terhadap pembelajaran 80% dan guru memberi komentar yang baik, sehingga model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan praktis digunakan. Rasa cinta tanah air siswa pada kelas eksperimen berada pada kategori sangat tinggi, sedangkan pada kelas pembanding hanya mencapai kategori tinggi. Hasil belajar meningkat dengan kualitas peningkatan tinggi pada kelas eksperimen sedangkan pada kelas pembanding meningkat dengan kualitas peningkatan pada kategori sedang. The research focuses on the development of problembased learning-role playing model to enhance the students' patriotism. The purpose of this study was to obtain a valid learning model, effective and practical. The method is research and development. Support system of learning model developed include syllabus (planning for learning, Learning Implementation Plan (RPP, equipped with Instructional Materials Student Worksheet (LKS, as well as learning an instrument consisting of a sheet of observation, measurement questionnaire sheet of the students' patriotism, and the booklet. The study was conducted in fifth grade in SDN Muktiharjo Lor Genuk Semarang. Learning model developed relatively valid. The positive response of 80% of students towards learning and teachers gave

  4. PENGARUH SERTIFIKASI GURU DALAM JABATAN MELALUI PENILAIAN PORTOFOLIO TERHADAP KINERJA GURU BERSERTIFIKAT DI SMA NEGERI KABUPATEN MAGELANG (KOMPENSASI SEBAGAI VARIABLE INTERVENING

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    P a r t o n o P a r t o n o

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Professional teachers are teachers who have passed the certification. The problem of this study is how much the influence of a teacher certification directly and indirectly as well as the influence of compensation on the performance of certified teachers in State High Schools in Magelang Regency. The objective of this study is to analyze the direct and indirect influences of teacher certification and compensation for the certified teachers’ performance  in High Schools in Magelang Regency. Population and sample were 85 certified teachers from 10 High Schools in Magelang District. Data was collected by questionnaire and documentation, whereas data analysis techniques was path analysis. From the research,  There is significant relationship between teacher certification in office through portfolio assessment of teacher performance SMA certified as Magelang regency, either directly or indirectly through compensation as an intervening variable. Suggestions in this study as follows (1 Teachers need to provide enrichment for students who excel. In addition, teachers also have to increase their creativity in providing activities to the achievement of students who have below average grade. (2 For further research, is expected to develop this research. With the review of certifications and other factors that may affect the performance of teachers.

  5. MANAJEMEN GURU DALAM PENUNTASAN WAJIB BELAJAR PENDIDIKAN DASAR Strategi Manajemen Guru Berorientasi Pemerataan Akses dan Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan Dasar di Kabupaten Kuningan

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    Kuswandy Achmad Marfu

    2017-06-01

    The Alternative of strategy proposed in this study, needs to be followed up in implementation stage, in order to recover the strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, the studies on the management of  the teacher in the basic education field is still available.

  6. PENGARUH PROFESIONALISME GURU, DISIPLIN KERJA DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI DI SMA NEGERI SE-KABUPATEN SRAGEN

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    Anggun Retha Armani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to find out the influence of teacher performance, work discipline, and work environment on teacher performance at SMAN Sragen. The population and sample in this research was 36 economic teachers at SMAN Sragen. The subjects were selected by using census method technique. The methode that was used to data retrieval was questionnaire. Variable data was analyzed by descriptive statistic percentage and multiple regression analysis. Based on the result of descriptive analysis showed that economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen was very high, teacher professionalism was very high, work discipline was high and work environment was good. The result of this research statistically showed that the influence of teacher professionalism, work discipine, and work environment on economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen (37,8%. Teacher professionalism affected the economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen (19,6%. Work discipline affected the economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen (15,92% and work environment affected the economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen (11,90%. The suggestions were offered that teachers should make efforts to improve their performance and are expected to create varied teaching methods in order to attract learners.

  7. PERAN KUALITAS KELEKATAN IBU-ANAK, GENDER ANAK DAN RASIO GURU-ANAK TERHADAP KUALITAS HUBUNGAN GURU-ANAK USIA PRASEKOLAH

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    Neti Hernawati

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available  This research was to examine the role of mother-child attachment quality, child’s gender, and teacher-child ratio on teacher-child relationship quality of preschool children. This study involved 151 mother and teacher couple of preschool aged children that was choosed by incidental sampling. Data was collected through interview, self report with questionnaire, and observation. Data was analyzed by descriptive and logistic regression analysis. Results of the study showed that mother-child attachment quality and child’s gender had significantly influences toward teacher-child relationship quality. Meanwhile, teacher-child ratio had not significant influences toward teacher-child relationship quality. Based on the results of the study, it was important for parents to establish a secure attachment quality as a foundation for children to develop a close relationship with their teacher. Child’s gender also was paid attention by teacher to create teacher-child relationship quality in closeness dimension. 

  8. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROBLEM POSING DENGAN PENDEKATAN SAINTIFIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

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    Adi Purnomo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran model problem posing pendekatan saintifik yang valid, praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan model Thiagarajan. Pengolahan data penelitian untuk uji kevalidan dan kepraktisan dilakukan dengan menghitung rata-rata skor, sedangkan uji keefektifan dilakukan dengan uji t, uji proporsi, uji regresi, uji t berpasangan, dan uji normalitas gain. Hasil pengembangan diperoleh perangkat pembelajaran dinyatakan valid dengan rata-rata skor validasi silabus 4,3, RPP 4,31, buku peserta didik 4,24, LKPD 4,16, TKPM 4,19, dari skor maksimal 5,00. Perangkat pembelajaran praktis berdasarkan hasil pengamatan kemampuan guru 4,5 (sangat baik dan respon peserta didik 3,8 (baik. Implementasi perangkat pembelajaran efektif yang ditunjukkan dengan: (1 ketuntasan klasikal TKKM melampaui 75%, rata-rata kelas melampaui KKM; (2 kemampuan pemecahan masalah peserta didik yang pembelajarannya menggunakan model problrm posing pendekatan saintifik lebih baik dari pada peserta didik dengan pembelajaran konvensional; (3 keterampilan proses saintifik dan karakter kemandirian berpengaruh positif terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah; dan (4 adanya peningkatan pemecahan masalah dan mendiskripsikan peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah berdasarkan Taksonomi SOLO.The purpose of this research to development lesson plan through problem posing model with scientific approach which are valid, practical, and effective. The development research using Thiagarajan model. Processing data for validation and practice can be done calculating the score average, while effectivity by use of t-test, proportion test, regression test, paired t-test, n-gain. The lesson plan is valid based on the average of validation scores syllabus 4,3, RPP 4,31, student book 4,24, LKPD 4,16, TKPM 4,19.  The lesson plan is practical based on the result of observation teacher ability 4,53 and student response 4,23. The

  9. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN OUTDOOR MATHEMATICS DALAM GROUP INVESTIGATION BERMUATAN KARAKTER UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

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    J. Rahmawan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian berfokus pada implementasi pembelajaran model outdoor mathematics dalam group investigation bermuatan karakter untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mendapatkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid kemudian diperoleh pembelajaran yang praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan model four-D. Perangkat yang dikembangkan meliputi: Silabus, RPP, Buku Ajar Siswa (BAS, Lembar Kegiatan Siswa (LKS, dan Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah (TKPM. Penelitian dilakukan pada siswa kelas X SMA Kesatrian 2 Semarang. Klasifikasi perangkat yang dikembangkan tergolong valid. Respon positif siswa berminat mengikuti pembelajaran 94,74% dan guru memberi komentar sangat baik, sehingga perangkat pembelajaran praktis untuk digunakan. Hal ini berakibat keterampilan kooperatif dan sikap belajar siswa lebih baik, karena kedua variabel tersebut secara bersama memberikan pengaruh sebesar 73,2% terhadap TKPM siswa. Proporsi siswa yang mencapai KKM lebih dari 75 sehingga tuntas secara klasikal serta hasil KPM siswa pada pembelajaran kooperatif berbasis pemecahan masalah lebih baik dibanding KPM siswa pada pembelajaran konvensional. Dengan demikian pembelajaran efektif.The study focuses on the implementation of model outdoor math in group investigation includes characteristic to improve the skill of problem solving. The purpose of this study was obtain a valid learning device then practical and effective learning was gained. This research is the development of the four-D models. The developed instrumen includes: Syllabus, Lesson Plan, Student Test Book, Worksheet, and Problem Solving Skill Test. The experiment is undertaken to the X graders students of Kesatrian 2 Senior High School Semarang. Classification of devices developed quite valid. The positive response of students interested in learning to follow and 94.74% and the teacher give the good comment so the  instrumen was practical to use

  10. Keefektifan Model CIRC Berbasis Joyful Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis Siswa SMP

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    Rian Triastuti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah implementasi model pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning efektif terhadap kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa pada materi Teorema Pythagoras. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode dokumen-tasi, tes, dan observasi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa siswa pada kelas eksperimen telah mencapai ketuntasan klasikal. Hasil uji perbedaan dua rata-rata menun-jukkan bahwa rata-rata hasil tes kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas eksperimen lebih dari rata-rata hasil tes kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas kontrol. Berdasar-kan hasil tersebut dapat diketahui bahwa rata-rata kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas eksperimen lebih baik daripada rata-rata kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas kontrol. Hasil observasi menunjukkan bahwa persentase keaktifan siswa dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning lebih tinggi daripada persentase keaktifan siswa pada pembelajaran ekspositori, dan aktivitas guru dalam mengelola pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning mencapai kriteria sangat baik. Kata kunci:       CIRC; Joyfull Learning; Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis.  AbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine whether the implementation of the CIRC based Joyful Learning models effective against student’s mathematical reasoning skills on the material Pythagorean Theorem. The population in this study is the eighth grade students of Junior High School of 1 Tlogowungu. Based on the results of the study showed that students in the experimental class have reached the classical completeness. The test results mean the difference of two shows that the average test results of mathematical reasoning skills experimental class students more than the average test results of student’s mathematical reasoning skills control class. Based on these results it can be seen that the average of student’s mathematical reasoning skills experimental

  11. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE “THINK-PAIR-SHARE” UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS 1 SDN 1 JOSARI KEC. JETIS KAB. PONOROGO TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013

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    Retno Setyo Widati

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstraksi Dalam rangka peningkatan mutu pendidikan dan pengajaran dalam menyampaikan materi pelajaran agar diperoleh peningkatan prestasi belajar, salah satunya dengan pembelajaraan kooperatif dengan pendekatan struktural,”Think-pair-share”. Strategi ini menantang asumsi bahwa seluruh resitasi dan diskusi perlu dilakukan di dalam seting seluruh kelompok. Think-Pair-Shere memiliki prosedur yang ditetapkan secara eksplisit untuk memberi siswa waktu lebih banyak untuk berfikir, menjawab, dan saling membantu satu sama lain. Berdasarkan hal tersebut rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini sebagai berikut: adakah peningkatan kemampuan melakukan penjumlahan dan pengurangan bilangan sampai 20 dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe ”Think-Pair-Share”  pada siswa kelas 1 SD Negeri 1 Josari Kecamatan Jetis Kabupaten Ponorogo Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kuantitatif, dengan jenis penelitian tindakan. Dalam penelitian ini peneliti  berkolaborasi dengan guru lain serta dengan kepala sekolah. Peneliti terlibat langsung dalam penelitian mulai dari awal sampai penelitian berakhir. Peneliti berusaha melihat, mengamati, merasakan, menghayati, merefleksi dan mengevaluasi kegiatan pembelajaran yang berlangsung. Tahap-tahap pelaksanaan penelitian tindakan terdiri dari perencanaan (planning, pelaksanaan (acting, observasi (obseving, dan refleksi (relecting. Untuk mendapatkan hasil penelitian yang akurat maka data yang telah terkumpul dianalisis secara statistik yaitu mengunakan rumus mean atau rata-rata. Mengacu pada hipotesis tindakan yang diajukan dalam penelitian tindakan kelas ini maka dapat disimpulkan ada peningkatan kemampuan melakukan penjumlahan dan pengurangan bilangan sampai 20 dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe ”Think-Pair-Share”  pada siswa kelas 1 SD Negeri 1 Josari Kecamatan Jetis Kabupaten Ponorogo Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Kata Kunci : Prestasi Belajar Matematika

  12. Model of Religious Study and Moral Values in TK Putra Harapan Nalumsari Jepara

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    Mubasyaroh Mubasyaroh

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Religious and moral education from an early age so needs to be invested for the child, so that in the future they will have a strong and deep understanding of the norms and teachings of Islam. Age children early childhood and kindergarten (TK is a time to play, so education is implemented particularly religious education should be designed properly by the teacher so that the education process into an active and fun activities. Kindergarten (TK Putra Harapan Nalumsari Jepara is one of the educational institutions that provide education for early childhood, with one lesson material is a moral and religious education. Moral education is one of the materials is very important because in load values, morals and religion, so this will be a guide for students in later life. The research method used is descriptive qualitative research to describe in detail the subjects and issues to be studied. The findings in this study is the cultivation of religious values and morals for children Kindergarten revolves around the activities of daily life. In particular cultivation of religious values with laying the foundations of the faith, personality or character that is commendable and devotional practices, in accordance with the child's ability is implemented. As one of the early childhood education institutions, in conducting the study, have several models of delivery Edutainment, habituation and uswah hasanah as a reference implementation of teaching and learning. Pendidikan agama dan moral sejak usia dini perlu ditanamkan bagi anak, sehingga di masa depan mereka akan memiliki pemahaman yang kuat dan mendalam dari norma-norma dan ajaran Islam. Usia anak-anak usia dini dan taman kanak-kanak (TK adalah waktu untuk bermain, sehingga pendidikan diimplementasikan khususnya pendidikan agama harus dirancang dengan baik oleh guru sehingga proses pendidikan menjadi kegiatan yang aktif dan menyenangkan. TK (TK Putra Harapan Nalumsari Jepara merupakan salah satu lembaga

  13. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN CARD SORT UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN SISWA KELAS V SE-GUGUS KEBONSARI KECAMATAN SUKUN KOTA MALANG

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    Siti Halimatus Sakdiyah

    2016-10-01

    ini adalah (1 lembar observasi dan (2 catatan lapangan digunakan untuk memperoleh data atau informasi yang berkaitan dengan situasi kelas yang tidak tercantum dalam lembar observasi. Dalam penelitian ini catatan lapangan digunakan untuk mengamati hal-hal yang terjadi di dalam kelas selam penerapan model pembelajaran card sort. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada siklus I rata-rata keaktifan siswa sudah menunjukkan kategori cukup aktif di SDN 1 Kebonsari dengan persentase 64%, sedangkan kategori aktif di SDN 4 Kebonsari dengan persentase 84%. Selanjutnya pada siklus II rata-rata keaktifan siswa sudah menunjukkan kategori aktif atau 78% di SDN 1 Kebonsari, sedangkan kategori sangat aktif 92% di SDN 4 Kebonsari. Dengan demikian, model pembelajaran Card Sort dapat direkomendasikan kepada guru di SDN 1 dan 4 Kebonsari dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran.

  14. CHARACTERISTIC OF MECHANICS TEACHING MATERIALS FOR INCREASING STUDENTS OF PHYSICS TEACHER CANDIDATES REPRESENTATION ABILITY ON VERBAL, MATHEMATICAL, PICTURE, AND GRAPHIC

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    I Ketut Mahardika

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini adalah tentang karakteristik pengajaran mekanik untuk meningkatkan kemampuan representasi mahasiswa calon guru fisika pada verbal, matematika, gambar, dan grafis. Masalah penelitian adalah bagaimana karakteristik bahan ajar mekanik dapat membantu mahasiswa calon guru fisika dalam meningkatkan kemampuan representasi mereka pada verbal, matematika, gambar, dan grafis. Masalah penelitian ini diterjemahkan ke dalam dua pertanyaan. Pertama, bagaimana bahan ajar mekanik terdiri dari contoh aplikasi prinsip mekanika dalam gambar peristiwa fisika? Kedua, bagaimana pola penulisan bahan ajar mekanik bagi mahasiswa calon guru fisika? Penelitian ini merupakan pengembangan bahan ajar mekanika, menggunakan metode campuran model investigasi, yaitu: pengumpulan data kualitatif, membangun pengajaran mekanik, rancangan materi sehingga akan siap untuk divalidasi. Subjek penelitian diharapkan mampu meningkatkan kemampuan representasi pada verbal, matematika, gambar, dan grafis. Responden penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa fisika calon guru yang mengambil subjek fisika dasar fakultas keguruan dan pendidikan, Universitas Jember. Adapun teknik pengumpulan data adalah: observasi, angket, tes dan dokumentasi. Data dijabarkan secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bahan ajar mekanik terdiri dari contoh aplikasi prinsip mekanika dalam gambar acara fisika dan memiliki pola urutan bab, judul sub bab, deskripsi materi, contoh, uji kemampuan dan bibliografi. Kata Kunci: bahan pengajaran mekanik, calon guru fisika, kemampuan representasi pada verbal, matematika, gambar, dan grafik

  15. NASA's Climate in a Box: Desktop Supercomputing for Open Scientific Model Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojcik, G. S.; Seablom, M. S.; Lee, T. J.; McConaughy, G. R.; Syed, R.; Oloso, A.; Kemp, E. M.; Greenseid, J.; Smith, R.

    2009-12-01

    designed for Linux operating systems (OS), the arrival of the WindowsHPC 2008 OS provides the opportunity to evaluate the use of a new platform on which to develop and port climate and earth science models. In particular, we are evaluating Microsoft's Visual Studio Integrated Developer Environment to determine its appropriateness for the climate modeling community. In the initial phases of this project, we have ported GEOS-5, WRF, GISS ModelE, and GFS to Linux on a CX1 and are in the process of porting WRF and ModelE to WindowsHPC 2008. Initial tests on the CX1 Linux OS indicate favorable comparisons in terms of performance and consistency of scientific results when compared with experiments executed on NASA high end systems. As in the past, NASA's large clusters will continue to be an important part of our objectives. We envision a seamless environment in which an investigator performs model development and testing on a desktop system and can seamlessly transfer execution to supercomputer clusters for production.

  16. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGIK GURU DAN DISIPLIN BELAJAR MELALUI MOTIVASI BELAJAR SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Nur Prasetyo

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh disiplin kerja, fasilitas kerja, tingkat pendidikan dan kepemimpinan terhadap pengelolaan kearsipan di kantor kecamatan Wiradesa Kabupaten Pekalongan baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah pegawai kantor kecamatan Wiradesa sebanyak 57 pegawai. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode kuesioner, observasi, dokumentasi dan interview. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis inferensial. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa persamaan garis regresi linier berganda yaitu Y = 34.975 + 0.210X1 + 0.358X2 + 0.472X3 + 0.179X4 + e. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan besarnya pengaruh secara parsial disiplin kerja sebesar 8.6%, besarnya pengaruh fasilitas kerja sebesar 8.9%, besarnya pengaruh tingkat pendidikan sebesar 10.6%, dan besarnya pengaruh kepemimpinan sebesar 8.7%. Sedangkan secara simultan disiplin kerja, fasilitas kerja, tingkat pendidikan dan kepemimpinan sebesar 79.2%.. Berdasarkan hasil observasi menunjukkan bahwa prestasi belajar kewirausahaan siswa kelas X Tata Niaga SMK N 1 Salatiga kurang optimal. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah adakah pengaruh kompetensi pedagogik dan disiplin belajar secara bersama-sama terhadap prestasi belajar kewirausahaan. Adakah pengaruh positif kompetensi pedagogik dan disiplin belajar serta motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar kewirausahaan. Selanjutnya adakah pengaruh positif kompetensi pedagogik dan disiplin belajar melalui motivasi belajar sebagai variabel intervening terhadap prestasi belajar kewirausahaan. Base observation at SMK N 1 Salatiga, known that haven't all student on ten grade Commerce reach the high score in learning achievement of entrepreneurial. Problem in this research is about influence pedagogic competence of teachers and discipline learning jointly toward learning achievement of entrepreneurial. Pedagogic competence of teachers and discipline learning and learning motivation toward learning achievement of entrepreneurial. Influence Pedagogic competence of teachers and discipline learning through learning motivation as an intervening variable toward learning achievement of entrepreneurial .The population of this study used the entire class of Ten Grade Commerce Student SMK N 1 Salatiga, it consisted of 75 students. This study did not use research sample, but it examined the entire population. The variable in this study was the independent variable of pedagogic competence of teachers (X1, discipline learning (X2, motivation to learn as an intervening variable (Y1 and learning achievement (Y2 as the dependent variable. Data collection methods : documentation and questionnaires or questionnaires. Methods of data analysis was descriptive analysis and analysis of the percentage of test paths ( path analysis .

  17. PhishGuru: A System for Educating Users about Semantic Attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-14

    Psychological based social engineering. Tech. rep., SANS Institute, 2003. [119] Macmillan, N. A., and Creelman , C. D. Detection Theory: A User’s Guide...36, 76, 84, 148, 157, 161]. In marketing, the focus is on strategies to enhance consumer persuasion and trust building [37,40,68, 189]. In psychology ...and science, social work, fine arts, nursing, music, and psychology . Two of the participants had only a high school degree. Using a wall projector, we

  18. STUDI KEMAMPUAN GURU KIMIA SMA LULUSAN UNY DALAM MENGEMBANGKAN SOAL UAS BERBASIS HOTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dodi Iskandar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate senior high school chemistry teachers ability to develop semester examination materials based on higher-order thinking skills. This kind of research was a survey. A number of respondents were 15 chemistry teachers with 559 questions of semester final examination in year 2013. The used methods was documentation. This research used a document check list as an instrument to collect data. The analyzed data were C1 (remember, C2 (understand, C3 (apply that included lower order thinking skills (LOTS, C4 (analyze, C5 (evaluate and C6 (create which classified to higher order thingking skills (HOTS. The results of the study was senior high school chemistry teachers ability to develop a semester examination material based on higher order thinking skills is 13,9%, which consists of C4 13.2%; C5 0.7% and C6 0.0%.

  19. PROFIL GURU, PEMAHAMAN KOOPERATIF NHT, DAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI DI SMP KABUPATEN MINAHASA UTARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Femmy Kawuwung

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to uncover a general profile of teachers, understanding cooperative NHT, and higher-order thinking skills in middle school biology teacher North Minahasa regency. Research methods: survey with a research instrument is a questionnaire consisting of questions developed is an open question and a combination of semi-closed and open questions that have been validated by experts of learning. The study population is a junior high science teacher in North Minahasa Biology. The questionnaire that was circulated questionnaires amounted to 40 and who entered and analyzed totaled 31. The study began in July and August 2010. The results are: Understanding the Biology of junior high science teacher in North Minahasa regency NHT 6.45% towards learning, and teachers' understanding of higher-order thinking skills 12.90%. Teachers' understanding of the NHT and the results of cooperative learning is still low.

  20. IbM PENYUSUNAN PENILAIAN AUTENTIK BAGI GURU SEKOLAH DI PONPES DARUL FIKRI BAWEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Siswanto

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Low motivation of teachers in implementing authentic assessment becomes the basis for IbM team to carry out extension activities. Authentic assessment has actually been around a long time, but this issue arose when the curriculum was launched in 2013. During this time, most of the teachers at school in the field only make an assessment test course, not many people touched assessment tests that are written. Through activities of IbM Authentic Assessment Preparation Training for Teachers of Pesantren Darul Fikri Bawen, participants are expected to conduct a written assessment, performance assessment, product assessment projects, portfolio assessment, and manage the mark using computer-based process. Prior to socialization, teachers must first take pretest and post test. Pre test shows an average score of 89.65 while the average of post-test scores shows 97.6. During the activities, the participants felt helped and gave a positive response to organized similar activities. Keywords: Preparation, Assessment Authentic, Darul Fikri Boarding School Teacher

  1. USAHA PENGAWAS DAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU PAI DI MADRASAH KOTA SOLOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarasasti Sarasasti

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research concerned on the role of the supervisor and headmaster as an educational consultant for teachers to improve the quality of education. The teachers’ job performance can be known from their ability to plan, implement, evaluate and follow up the instructional activities. This research was descriptive qualitative by using interview and documentation as instruments. The results found that there were 7 programs applied to improve the teachers’ job performance 1 training teachers’ responsibility; 2 training teachers’ on instructional implementation; 3 training teachers on instructional evaluation; 4 training teachers’ discipline; 5 training teachers’ commitment; 6 training teachers’ loyalty; and 7 training teachers’ motivation. The way the supervisor and headmaster improve the teachers’ job performance by giving proportional DP3 score, and they wish to improve the teachers’ job performance because there is program of training teachers’ responsibility. Keywords:  Efforts, Supervisor, Headmaster, Teacher’s Job Performance

  2. Aplikasi Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Guru Terbaik Berdasarkan Kinerja dengan Metode Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aulia Paramita

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract— Teacher is professional educator who have the duty, function, and important role in educating the nation. In order for the functions and duties inherent in the functional position of teacher conducted in accordance with the applicable rules, it is necessary to assess the performance of teacher who guarantee a quality learning process. Determine the performance of teacher can encourage an increase in the quality of education and increase motivation and professionalism of teacher in performing the tasks. The headmaster made 15 criteria to determine the best teacher, namely: attendance, discipline rules, responsibility and productivity, social interaction, motivation and self-development, innovative, responsive and initiative, flexibility in other tasks, communication, teamwork, honesty, friendly and polite, aesthetic dress, effective in using the gadget, cleanliness and tidiness class. To determine the performance of the teacher, then one decision that can be done using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. With the decision making is expected to choose an effective teacher performance. Determination of the teacher's performance is further processed by the criterium Decision Plus (CDP. The results of this study are the order of 4 of the best teachers at Yayasan Lentera Insan.

  3. HUBUNGAN KETERAMPILAN MENGAJAR GURU MENURUT PERSEPSI SISWA DENGAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR DAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suminto Suminto

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aims to determine the relationship of teacher teaching skills according to the perception of students with learning motivation and student learning outcomes. This research uses documentation and questionnaire method, where documentation method is used to obtain learning result data, while questionnaire to obtain teacher skill teaching data according to student perception and learning motivation. The population in this study are students of class VII SMP Negeri 1 Banyumas academic year 2017-2018. Sample determination by random sampling technique Data analysis using correlation analysis of pearson product moment and multiple correlation. From the results of the analysis shows that there is a relationship between teaching skills of teachers according to students' perceptions. There is a relationship of learning motivation with student learning result of mathematics. And there is correlation of teacher teaching skill according to student perception and learning motivation with student mathematics learning result.Thus the teacher's teaching skills and student motivation need to be considered to improve students' mathematics learning outcomes. Keywords: teaching skills, pupil perception, motivation and learning outcomes

  4. PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG DIGITAL NATIVES, SUMBER BELAJAR DIGITAL DAN MOTIVASI MEMANFAATKAN SUMBER BELAJAR DIGITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinandus Bate Dopo

    2016-06-01

    TEACHER’S PERCEPTION OF DIGITAL NATIVES, DIGITAL LEARNING RESOURCES AND MOTIVATION TO UTILIZE DIGITAL LEARNING RESOURCES Abstract This study aims to reveal (1 the influence of teacher's perception of digital natives toward teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. (2 the influence of teacher's perception of digital learning resources toward teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources and (3 the influence both of teacher's perception of digital natives and digital learning resources toward teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. This study used the descriptive-correlational quantitative approach. The Population and sample were high school teachers of Regina Pacis Bajawa, SMA Seminari Mataloko and SMA Negeri 1 Golewa. Sampling technique in this research was proportional random sampling. A questionnaire was used to obtain the data. The data were analyzed using the Likert scale. The instrument was developed based on lattice theory of assessment instruments relevant to the study variables. The analysis technique used is a regression followed by statistic technique of t test and F test with the significance level of 0.05. The results are as follows. (1 There is a positive and significant influence of teacher's perception of digital natives toward teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. (2 There is a positive and significant influence of teacher's perception of digital learning resources and teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. (3 There is a positive and significant influence both of teacher's perception of digital learning resources and teacher’s motivation to utilize digital learning resources. Keywords: perception, digital natives, digital learning resources, motivation

  5. Call Me Guru: User Categories and Large-Scale Behavior in YouTube

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biel, Joan-Isaac; Gatica-Perez, Daniel

    While existing studies on YouTube's massive user-generated video content have mostly focused on the analysis of videos, their characteristics, and network properties, little attention has been paid to the analysis of users' long-term behavior as it relates to the roles they self-define and (explicitly or not) play in the site. In this chapter, we present a statistical analysis of aggregated user behavior in YouTube from the perspective of user categories, a feature that allows people to ascribe to popular roles and to potentially reach certain communities. Using a sample of 270,000 users, we found that a high level of interaction and participation is concentrated on a relatively small, yet significant, group of users, following recognizable patterns of personal and social involvement. Based on our analysis, we also show that by using simple behavioral features from user profiles, people can be automatically classified according to their category with accuracy rates of up to 73%.

  6. PERILAKU MENYONTEK SISWA SMA NEGERI DI KOTA PADANG SERTA UPAYA PENCEGAHAN OLEH GURU BK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virza Agustin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This research is a descriptive study attempted to describe the behavior of students systematically and prevent cheating by the guidance and counseling teacher at Public Senior High School in Padang. The instrument used was a questionnaire about cheating behaviors, background factors and prevention by the guidance and counseling teacher. From 389 students, it was found that the cheating behavior of students is high level, both in term of form or the background, while the services provided by the guidance and counseling teacher still low. Keywords: cheating behaviour; prevention poll conducted by the Guidance and Counselling

  7. PERAN SERTIFIKASI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI DAN KEDISIPLINAN GURU DALAM MELAKSANAKAN PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adhar Adhar

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relevance of the discipline teacher certification in motivating teachers to implement the learning performance. The learning process has not been able to produce an excellent student as the results of the discipline teachers during the conducting the teaching-learning. The important factor to motivate the teachers is by getting a good through the certification program. Through teacher certification is expected to improve discipline and motivate teachers to have a good lesson plan and improve the quality of teaching-learning at schools. Besides, through certification program, the teachers are better prepared to implement appropriate disciplinary learning lesson plan that has been established at the beginning of the school year. While other important activities, that the teachers are hoped to be able to carry out the learning evaluation at formal education units consistently through the assessment of daily tests, assignments, mid-term and semester examination. The evaluation activity must also be conducted regularly and sustainably in order to improve the quality of teaching in schools. These totally have been conducted well by the certified teacher to manage the class profesional ly in each school.

  8. BUDAYA KERJA GURU PENDIDIKAN DASAR UNGGUL (Studi Situs SMP Negeri 1 Gunung Jati Cirebon

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    Sri Handayani

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed at describing the working culture of administration, teaching learning activities, and evaluating the teaching learning process of accelerated class of SMP 1 Gunung Jati Cirebon teachers in doing their job. This study applies the qualitative of ethnographic that is to see directly the working culture of the subject of the study such as their behavior, their motivation, their perception and their action related to good teachers working culture. The data are taken from interviews with teachers, documents related of teachers job, and field study. In collecting the data, the researcher carried our interview with teachers, doing some observations, and study the documents related to teachers’ job. The data are analyzed and tested using credibility, dependability, and confirm ability tests.The results of the study are: (1 the teachers working culture in doing their administrative means how a teacher increases work such as developing syllabus, making lesson plan, developing indicators, and developing teachers materials. Teachers’ working culture in developing their administration work are developed in school and region teacher forum; (2 teachers working culture in teaching learning activities means how teacher increases work such as make, introduction activity, core activity, and final activity in the teaching and learning process as indicated by the curriculum. (3 teachers working culture in evaluating the teaching learning process means how teacher increases work such as compilation planning of assessment and execution of assessment. The study suggests: (1 the headmaster should give opportunities for teacher to develop their work so that they can contribute to the administration, classroom teaching learning process, evaluation and analysis; (2 the teachers can improve their work such as the administration, classroom teaching learning process, and evaluation of study with activities or constructions by school, duty education, and related institute; (3 the researcher, moreover, should conduct the study concerning the teacher working culture better.

  9. SignalGuru: Leveraging mobile phones for collaborative traffic signal schedule advisory

    OpenAIRE

    Koukoumidis, Emmanouil; Peh, Li-Shiuan; Martonosi, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    While traffic signals are necessary to safely control competing flows of traffic, they inevitably enforce a stop-and-go movement pattern that increases fuel consumption, reduces traffic flow and causes traffic jams. These side effects can be alleviated by providing drivers and their onboard computational devices (e.g., vehicle computer, smartphone) with information about the schedule of the traffic signals ahead. Based on when the signal ahead will turn green, drivers can then adjust speed so...

  10. PENERAPAN SUPERVISI KUNJUNGAN KELAS UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU SD NEGERI 2 KALIMANGGIS KECAMATAN KALORAN, TEMANGGUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suprih Danurwati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Suprih Danurwati, 942013161. Implementation of supervision class visiting to increase teacher’s performance of SD Negeri 2 Kalimanggis District of Kaloran. Thesis. The graduatiton Program Master of Management Education Satya Wacana Christian University Salatiga. Supervisor Prof. Dr. Slameto, M.Pd. This study is to determine that through the implementation of supervision class visiting can improve the performance of teachers in the learning management. The subjects of this study are teachers in SD Negeri 2 Kalimanggis, Kaloran, Temanggung.  The procedure used in this study consists of a series of three main activities undertaken in a repeating cycle, including (a plan, (b action by observation, and (c reflection. research approach using action research methods, while the method of data collection using the study documentation, observations, questionnaires, and interviews. The results showed an increasing in the ability of teachers to prepare lesson plans and manage the learning of the first act, second, until the third act. The inference that supervision class visiting that can improve the performance of teachers in the learning management. Suggestions given to teachers, is taking  advantage of supervision activities as a source of information to improve the competence and performance, for principals use the results of this study as a reference in conducting research, while for school superintendent will use the results of this study as one of the references in activity guidance to the heads of schools and teachers to improve their performance.

  11. LITERASI KIMIA MAHASISWA PGSD DAN GURU IPA SEKOLAH DASAR PADA TEMA UDARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atep Sujana

    2014-08-01

    changing the score values, grouping study subjects based on the values obtained, and the analysis and conclusions. From the research data showed that only 26 people (63.41 % students who have achieved literacy PGSD chemistry, whereas only 10 elementary school teachers (50 % who had reached chemical literacy. Literacy chemical that has not reached most of the research subject primarily determine the chemical formula of constituent gases of air and to write the equation. Keywords: PGSD students, elementary science teachers, science literacy, literacy chemistry, descriptive method.

  12. Dampak Keterampilan Dasar Mengajar Guru Ekonomi Akuntansi te