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Sample records for modeling guru geos-5

  1. GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model User's Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouatchou, J.; Molod, A.; Nielsen, J. E.; Auer, B.; Putman, W.; Clune, T.

    2015-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) General Circulation Model (GCM) makes use of the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) to enable model configurations with many functions. One of the options of the GEOS-5 GCM is the GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model (GEOS-5 CTM), which is an offline simulation of chemistry and constituent transport driven by a specified meteorology and other model output fields. This document describes the basic components of the GEOS-5 CTM, and is a user's guide on to how to obtain and run simulations on the NCCS Discover platform. In addition, we provide information on how to change the model configuration input files to meet users' needs.

  2. Recent Updates to the GEOS-5 Linear Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Dan; Kim, Jong G.; Errico, Ron; Gelaro, Ronald; Mahajan, Rahul

    2014-01-01

    Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) is close to having a working 4DVAR system and has developed a linearized version of GEOS-5.This talk outlines a series of improvements made to the linearized dynamics, physics and trajectory.Of particular interest is the development of linearized cloud microphysics, which provides the framework for 'all-sky' data assimilation.

  3. GRAND DESIGN MODEL PEMBINAAN PROFESIONAL GURU BERBASIS DETERMINAN KINERJA GURU

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    Bambang Budi Wiyono

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: A Grand Design Model of Teacher Professional Education Based on Teacher's Perfor­mace Determinant. One of the crucial factors that determines the quality of education is teachers. Thus, developing teachers' professionalism in carrying out their work is essential. This study aims at developing a grand design model of teacher professional education based on determinant factors of teachers' performance. It is a research and development study (R&D, in which data were collected through questionnaires, observations, and interviews, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, correla­tion analysis, and qualitative data analysis. The sample consists of 90 teachers and 28 headmasters selected using quota random sampling. The findings of the study show that the effective model of teacher pro­fessional education is the one conducted through five steps, namely, needs analysis, development of training and supervision programs, implementation of the programs, evaluation of the programs, and follow-ups of the programs. The development of the programs requires coordination among related in­stitutions. The implementation needs to refer to the right principles, approach, and training techniques and be supported by good facilities, media, trainers, and training places. Keywords: training model, teachers' professionalism, teachers' performance Abstrak: Grand Design Model Pembinaan Profesional Guru Berbasis Determinan Kinerja Guru. Salah satu faktor yang sangat menentukan mutu pendidikan adalah guru. Untuk itu diperlukan pening­katan profesionalisme guru dalam melaksanakan tugas. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan grand design model pembinaan profesional guru yang efektif berbasis faktor-faktor determinan kinerja guru. Penelitian menggunakan desain penelitian pengembangan. Sampel diambil sebesar 90 guru dan 28 kepala sekolah dengan quota random sampling. Data dikumpulan data kuesioner, observasi, dan wawancara. Hasil pengumpulan data dianalisis

  4. The Influence of Internal Model Variability in GEOS-5 on Interhemispheric CO2 Exchange

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Melissa; Erickson, David; Kendall, Wesley; Fu, Joshua; Ott, Leslie; Pawson, Steven

    2012-01-01

    An ensemble of eight atmospheric CO2 simulations was completed employing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Earth Observation System, Version 5 (GEOS-5) for the years 2000-2001, each with initial meteorological conditions corresponding to different days in January 2000 to examine internal model variability. Globally, the model runs show similar concentrations of CO2 for the two years, but in regions of high CO2 concentrations due to fossil fuel emissions, large differences among different model simulations appear. The phasing and amplitude of the CO2 cycle at Northern Hemisphere locations in all of the ensemble members is similar to that of surface observations. In several southern hemisphere locations, however, some of the GEOS-5 model CO2 cycles are out of phase by as much as four months, and large variations occur between the ensemble members. This result indicates that there is large sensitivity to transport in these regions. The differences vary by latitude-the most extreme differences in the Tropics and the least at the South Pole. Examples of these differences among the ensemble members with regard to CO2 uptake and respiration of the terrestrial biosphere and CO2 emissions due to fossil fuel emissions are shown at Cape Grim, Tasmania. Integration-based flow analysis of the atmospheric circulation in the model runs shows widely varying paths of flow into the Tasmania region among the models including sources from North America, South America, South Africa, South Asia and Indonesia. These results suggest that interhemispheric transport can be strongly influenced by internal model variability.

  5. Evaluation of Diagnostic CO2 Flux and Transport Modeling in NU-WRF and GEOS-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawa, S. R.; Collatz, G. J.; Tao, Z.; Wang, J. S.; Ott, L. E.; Liu, Y.; Andrews, A. E.; Sweeney, C.

    2015-12-01

    We report on recent diagnostic (constrained by observations) model simulations of atmospheric CO2 flux and transport using a newly developed facility in the NASA Unified-Weather Research and Forecast (NU-WRF) model. The results are compared to CO2 data (ground-based, airborne, and GOSAT) and to corresponding simulations from a global model that uses meteorology from the NASA GEOS-5 Modern Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA). The objective of these intercomparisons is to assess the relative strengths and weaknesses of the respective models in pursuit of an overall carbon process improvement at both regional and global scales. Our guiding hypothesis is that the finer resolution and improved land surface representation in NU-WRF will lead to better comparisons with CO2 data than those using global MERRA, which will, in turn, inform process model development in global prognostic models. Initial intercomparison results, however, have generally been mixed: NU-WRF is better at some sites and times but not uniformly. We are examining the model transport processes in detail to diagnose differences in the CO2 behavior. These comparisons are done in the context of a long history of simulations from the Parameterized Chemistry and Transport Model, based on GEOS-5 meteorology and Carnegie Ames-Stanford Approach-Global Fire Emissions Database (CASA-GFED) fluxes, that capture much of the CO2 variation from synoptic to seasonal to global scales. We have run the NU-WRF model using unconstrained, internally generated meteorology within the North American domain, and with meteorological 'nudging' from Global Forecast System and North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) in an effort to optimize the CO2 simulations. Output results constrained by NARR show the best comparisons to data. Discrepancies, of course, may arise either from flux or transport errors and compensating errors are possible. Resolving their interplay is also important to using the data in

  6. Graphics Processing Units (GPU) and the Goddard Earth Observing System atmospheric model (GEOS-5): Implementation and Potential Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam, William M.

    2011-01-01

    Earth system models like the Goddard Earth Observing System model (GEOS-5) have been pushing the limits of large clusters of multi-core microprocessors, producing breath-taking fidelity in resolving cloud systems at a global scale. GPU computing presents an opportunity for improving the efficiency of these leading edge models. A GPU implementation of GEOS-5 will facilitate the use of cloud-system resolving resolutions in data assimilation and weather prediction, at resolutions near 3.5 km, improving our ability to extract detailed information from high-resolution satellite observations and ultimately produce better weather and climate predictions

  7. Air Quality Modeling Using the NASA GEOS-5 Multispecies Data Assimilation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Christoph A.; Pawson, Steven; Wargan, Krzysztof; Weir, Brad

    2018-01-01

    The NASA Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) data assimilation system (DAS) has been expanded to include chemically reactive tropospheric trace gases including ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and carbon monoxide (CO). This system combines model analyses from the GEOS-5 model with detailed atmospheric chemistry and observations from MLS (O3), OMI (O3 and NO2), and MOPITT (CO). We show results from a variety of assimilation test experiments, highlighting the improvements in the representation of model species concentrations by up to 50% compared to an assimilation-free control experiment. Taking into account the rapid chemical cycling of NO2 when applying the assimilation increments greatly improves assimilation skills for NO2 and provides large benefits for model concentrations near the surface. Analysis of the geospatial distribution of the assimilation increments suggest that the free-running model overestimates biomass burning emissions but underestimates lightning NOx emissions by 5-20%. We discuss the capability of the chemical data assimilation system to improve atmospheric composition forecasts through improved initial value and boundary condition inputs, particularly during air pollution events. We find that the current assimilation system meaningfully improves short-term forecasts (1-3 day). For longer-term forecasts more emphasis on updating the emissions instead of initial concentration fields is needed.

  8. MODEL TINDAKAN GURU MENANGGAPI PERILAKU SISWA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN

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    Adi Atmoko

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: A Model of Teachers' Responses to Students' Behavior in Teaching and Learning. This study examined the influences of factors suggested in the theoretical model of teachers' manners regarding students' behavior in teaching-learning processes. it involved 180 primary school teachers in the Municipality of Malang. Multistage cluster technique was employed for the selection of the sample. The data analysis was conducted using Structural Equation Modeling. The results indicate that structural model has some empirical supports, which suggests that educational perspectives bear impacts on the teachers' appraisal of the students' behavior in learning. The teachers' appraisal and emotional beliefs have some influences on their emotional stability, and, in turn, the emotional stability bears effects on the quality of their educative manners. Abstrak: Model Tindakan Guru Menanggapi Perilaku Siswa dalam Pembelajaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh antar faktor dalam model teoretik tindakan guru dalam pembelajaran. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan rancangan causal relationship-explanation terhadap 180 guru SD di kota Ma­lang yang diambil dengan teknik multistage cluster. Data dianalisis dengan Structural Equation Modeling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model struktural telah layak dan memperoleh dukungan empiris. Artinya, wawasan kependidikan mempengaruhi anggitan guru terhadap perilaku siswa. Anggitan dan keyakinan emosi guru mempengaruhi stabilitas emosi guru, dan stabilitas emosi mempengaruhi kualitas tindakan guru.

  9. Sensitivity of Tropical Cyclones to Parameterized Convection in the NASA GEOS5 Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Young-Kwon; Schubert, Siegfried D.; Reale, Oreste; Lee, Myong-In; Molod, Andrea M.; Suarez, Max J.

    2014-01-01

    The sensitivity of tropical cyclones (TCs) to changes in parameterized convection is investigated to improve the simulation of TCs in the North Atlantic. Specifically, the impact of reducing the influence of the Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert (RAS) scheme-based parameterized convection is explored using the Goddard Earth Observing System version5 (GEOS5) model at 0.25 horizontal resolution. The years 2005 and 2006 characterized by very active and inactive hurricane seasons, respectively, are selected for simulation. A reduction in parameterized deep convection results in an increase in TC activity (e.g., TC number and longer life cycle) to more realistic levels compared to the baseline control configuration. The vertical and horizontal structure of the strongest simulated hurricane shows the maximum lower-level (850-950hPa) wind speed greater than 60 ms and the minimum sea level pressure reaching 940mb, corresponding to a category 4 hurricane - a category never achieved by the control configuration. The radius of the maximum wind of 50km, the location of the warm core exceeding 10 C, and the horizontal compactness of the hurricane center are all quite realistic without any negatively affecting the atmospheric mean state. This study reveals that an increase in the threshold of minimum entrainment suppresses parameterized deep convection by entraining more dry air into the typical plume. This leads to cooling and drying at the mid- to upper-troposphere, along with the positive latent heat flux and moistening in the lower-troposphere. The resulting increase in conditional instability provides an environment that is more conducive to TC vortex development and upward moisture flux convergence by dynamically resolved moist convection, thereby increasing TC activity.

  10. Clouds in GEOS-5

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    Bacmeister, J.; Rienecker, M. M.; Suarez, M. J.; Norris, P. M.

    2007-05-01

    The GEOS-5 atmospheric model is being developed as a weather-and-climate capable model. It must perform well in assimilation mode as well as in weather and climate simulations and forecasts and in coupled chemistry-climate simulations. In developing GEOS-5, attention has focused on the representation of moist processes. The moist physics package uses a single phase prognostic condensate and a prognostic cloud fraction. Two separate cloud types are distinguished by their source: "anvil" cloud originates in detraining convection, and large-scale cloud originates in a PDF-based condensation calculation. Ice and liquid phases for each cloud type are considered. Once created, condensate and fraction from the anvil and statistical cloud types experience the same loss processes: evaporation of condensate and fraction, auto-conversion of liquid or mixed phase condensate, sedimentation of frozen condensate, and accretion of condensate by falling precipitation. The convective parameterization scheme is the Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert, or RAS, scheme. Satellite data are used to evaluate the performance of the moist physics packages and help in their tuning. In addition, analysis of and comparisons to cloud-resolving models such as the Goddard Cumulus Ensemble model are used to help improve the PDFs used in the moist physics. The presentation will show some of our evaluations including precipitation diagnostics.

  11. High Resolution Global Climate Modeling with GEOS-5: Intense Precipitation, Convection and Tropical Cyclones on Seasonal Time-Scales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam, WilliamM.

    2011-01-01

    In 2008 the World Modeling Summit for Climate Prediction concluded that "climate modeling will need-and is ready-to move to fundamentally new high-resolution approaches to capitalize on the seamlessness of the weather-climate continuum." Following from this, experimentation with very high-resolution global climate modeling has gained enhanced priority within many modeling groups and agencies. The NASA Goddard Earth Observing System model (GEOS-5) has been enhanced to provide a capability for the execution at the finest horizontal resolutions POS,SIOle with a global climate model today. Using this high-resolution, non-hydrostatic version of GEOS-5, we have developed a unique capability to explore the intersection of weather and climate within a seamless prediction system. Week-long weather experiments, to mUltiyear climate simulations at global resolutions ranging from 3.5- to 14-km have demonstrated the predictability of extreme events including severe storms along frontal systems, extra-tropical storms, and tropical cyclones. The primary benefits of high resolution global models will likely be in the tropics, with better predictions of the genesis stages of tropical cyclones and of the internal structure of their mature stages. Using satellite data we assess the accuracy of GEOS-5 in representing extreme weather phenomena, and their interaction within the global climate on seasonal time-scales. The impacts of convective parameterization and the frequency of coupling between the moist physics and dynamics are explored in terms of precipitation intensity and the representation of deep convection. We will also describe the seasonal variability of global tropical cyclone activity within a global climate model capable of representing the most intense category 5 hurricanes.

  12. Investigating the Vertical Structure of Volcanic Clouds Using NPP/OMPS Limb Aerosol Observations and the GEOS-5/GOCART Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, E. J.; Krotkov, N. A.; daSilva, A.; Gorkavyi, N.

    2015-12-01

    The explosive eruption of Chile's Calbuco volcano on April 22nd-23rd produced large volcanic ash and sulfur dioxide clouds that were observed by satellites for over a week. The volcanic clouds were reported to have spanned a large range of altitudes, from 12 km to greater than 20 km. This is confirmed by the vertical profiles of aerosols observed by the NPP/OMPS Limb Profiler, which have a frequency and sensitivity allowing for a thorough look into the evolving vertical structure of the volcanic clouds. The volcanic cloud aerosol signature in the OMPS Limb profiles can be better understood by comparing them to simulations of the volcanic sulfate aerosols, and volcanic ash of various particle sizes. UV and IR satellite observations from the first few days of the eruption are used to constrain the initial source parameters that describe the volcanic eruption (eruption time, duration, mass emitted, injection altitude). The GEOS-5/GOCART model uses these initial source parameters to simulate the transport, deposition, and chemical conversion processes within the volcanic clouds. OMPS limb observations taken during the first days after the eruption provide numerous detailed vertical profiles of the volcanic clouds. The OMPS Limb Aerosol Scattering Index profiles are compared to the GEOS-5/GOCART simulations of sulfate aerosols and volcanic ash to show: the complex vertical structure of the volcanic plumes, the extended presence of aerosols in the volcanic clouds well after the eruption, and how OMPS Limb profiles can be used to constrain different volcanic aerosols in the GEOS-5/GOCART model simulations.

  13. GEOS-5 seasonal forecast system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borovikov, Anna; Cullather, Richard; Kovach, Robin; Marshak, Jelena; Vernieres, Guillaume; Vikhliaev, Yury; Zhao, Bin; Li, Zhao

    2017-09-01

    Ensembles of numerical forecasts based on perturbed initial conditions have long been used to improve estimates of both weather and climate forecasts. The Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5 AOGCM) Seasonal-to-Interannual Forecast System has been used routinely by the GMAO since 2008, the current version since 2012. A coupled reanalysis starting in 1980 provides the initial conditions for the 9-month experimental forecasts. Once a month, sea surface temperature from a suite of 11 ensemble forecasts is contributed to the North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) consensus project, which compares and distributes seasonal forecasts of ENSO events. Since June 2013, GEOS-5 forecasts of the Arctic sea-ice distribution were provided to the Sea-Ice Outlook project. The seasonal forecast output data includes surface fields, atmospheric and ocean fields, as well as sea ice thickness and area, and soil moisture variables. The current paper aims to document the characteristics of the GEOS-5 seasonal forecast system and to highlight forecast biases and skills of selected variables (sea surface temperature, air temperature at 2 m, precipitation and sea ice extent) to be used as a benchmark for the future GMAO seasonal forecast systems and to facilitate comparison with other global seasonal forecast systems.

  14. Development and Applications of the FV3 GEOS-5 Adjoint Modeling System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Daniel; Kim, Jong G.; Lin, Shian-Jiann; Errico, Ron; Gelaro, Ron; Kent, James; Coy, Larry; Doyle, Jim; Goldstein, Alex

    2017-01-01

    GMAO has developed a highly sophisticated adjoint modeling system based on the most recent version of the finite volume cubed sphere (FV3) dynamical core. This provides a mechanism for investigating sensitivity to initial conditions and examining observation impacts. It also allows for the computation of singular vectors and for the implementation of hybrid 4DVAR. In this work we will present the scientific assessment of the new adjoint system and show results from a number of research application of the adjoint system.

  15. Atmospheric Constituents in GEOS-5: Components for an Earth System Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawson, Steven; Douglass, Anne; Duncan, Bryan; Nielsen, Eric; Ott, Leslie; Strode, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    The GEOS-S model is being developed for weather and climate processes, including the implementation of "Earth System" components. While the stratospheric chemistry capabilities are mature, we are presently extending this to include predictions of the tropospheric composition and chemistry - this includes CO2, CH4, CO, nitrogen species, etc. (Aerosols are also implemented, but are beyond the scope of this paper.) This work will give an overview of our chemistry modules, the approaches taken to represent surface emissions and uptake of chemical species, and some studies of the sensitivity of the atmospheric circulation to changes in atmospheric composition. Results are obtained through focused experiments and multi-decadal simulations.

  16. An Ensemble Recentering Kalman Filter with an Application to Argo Temperature Data Assimilation into the NASA GEOS-5 Coupled Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian L.

    2013-01-01

    A two-step ensemble recentering Kalman filter (ERKF) analysis scheme is introduced. The algorithm consists of a recentering step followed by an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) analysis step. The recentering step is formulated such as to adjust the prior distribution of an ensemble of model states so that the deviations of individual samples from the sample mean are unchanged but the original sample mean is shifted to the prior position of the most likely particle, where the likelihood of each particle is measured in terms of closeness to a chosen subset of the observations. The computational cost of the ERKF is essentially the same as that of a same size EnKF. The ERKF is applied to the assimilation of Argo temperature profiles into the OGCM component of an ensemble of NASA GEOS-5 coupled models. Unassimilated Argo salt data are used for validation. A surprisingly small number (16) of model trajectories is sufficient to significantly improve model estimates of salinity over estimates from an ensemble run without assimilation. The two-step algorithm also performs better than the EnKF although its performance is degraded in poorly observed regions.

  17. Uncertainty Quantification of GEOS-5 L-band Radiative Transfer Model Parameters Using Bayesian Inference and SMOS Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLannoy, Gabrielle J. M.; Reichle, Rolf H.; Vrugt, Jasper A.

    2013-01-01

    Uncertainties in L-band (1.4 GHz) radiative transfer modeling (RTM) affect the simulation of brightness temperatures (Tb) over land and the inversion of satellite-observed Tb into soil moisture retrievals. In particular, accurate estimates of the microwave soil roughness, vegetation opacity and scattering albedo for large-scale applications are difficult to obtain from field studies and often lack an uncertainty estimate. Here, a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation method is used to determine satellite-scale estimates of RTM parameters and their posterior uncertainty by minimizing the misfit between long-term averages and standard deviations of simulated and observed Tb at a range of incidence angles, at horizontal and vertical polarization, and for morning and evening overpasses. Tb simulations are generated with the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) and confronted with Tb observations from the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission. The MCMC algorithm suggests that the relative uncertainty of the RTM parameter estimates is typically less than 25 of the maximum a posteriori density (MAP) parameter value. Furthermore, the actual root-mean-square-differences in long-term Tb averages and standard deviations are found consistent with the respective estimated total simulation and observation error standard deviations of m3.1K and s2.4K. It is also shown that the MAP parameter values estimated through MCMC simulation are in close agreement with those obtained with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO).

  18. Assessing the Regional/Diurnal Bias between Satellite Retrievals and GEOS-5/MERRA Model Estimates of Land Surface Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarino, B. R.; Smith, W. L., Jr.; Minnis, P.; Bedka, K. M.

    2017-12-01

    Atmospheric models rely on high-accuracy, high-resolution initial radiometric and surface conditions for better short-term meteorological forecasts, as well as improved evaluation of global climate models. Continuous remote sensing of the Earth's energy budget, as conducted by the Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) project, allows for near-realtime evaluation of cloud and surface radiation properties. It is unfortunately common for there to be bias between atmospheric/surface radiation models and Earth-observations. For example, satellite-observed surface skin temperature (Ts), an important parameter for characterizing the energy exchange at the ground/water-atmosphere interface, can be biased due to atmospheric adjustment assumptions and anisotropy effects. Similarly, models are potentially biased by errors in initial conditions and regional forcing assumptions, which can be mitigated through assimilation with true measurements. As such, when frequent, broad-coverage, and accurate retrievals of satellite Ts are available, important insights into model estimates of Ts can be gained. The Satellite ClOud and Radiation Property retrieval System (SatCORPS) employs a single-channel thermal-infrared method to produce anisotropy-corrected Ts over clear-sky land and ocean surfaces from data taken by geostationary Earth orbit (GEO) satellite imagers. Regional and diurnal changes in model land surface temperature (LST) performance can be assessed owing to the somewhat continuous measurements of the LST offered by GEO satellites - measurements which are accurate to within 0.2 K. A seasonal, hourly comparison of satellite-observed LST with the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Version 5 (GEOS-5) and the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) LST estimates is conducted to reveal regional and diurnal biases. This assessment is an important first step for evaluating the effectiveness of Ts assimilation, as well for determining the

  19. Using Ensemble Short-Term Initialized Coupled NASA GEOS5 Climate Model Integrations to Study Convective Bias Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Charlie; Robertson, Franklin; Molod, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    The representation of convective processes, particularly deep convection in the tropics, remains a persistent problem in climate models. In fact structural biases in the distribution of tropical rainfall in the CMIP5 models is hardly different than that of the CMIP3 versions. Given that regional climate change at higher latitudes is sensitive to the configuration of tropical forcing, this persistent bias is a major issue for the credibility of climate change projections. In this study we use model output from integrations of the NASA Global Earth Observing System Five (GEOS5) climate modeling system to study the evolution of biases in the location and intensity of convective processes. We take advantage of a series of hindcast experiments done in support of the US North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) initiative. For these experiments a nine-month forecast using a coupled model configuration is made approximately every five days over the past 30 years. Each forecast is started with an updated analysis of the ocean, atmosphere and land states. For a given calendar month we have approximately 180 forecasts with daily means of various quantities. These forecasts can be averaged to essentially remove "weather scales" and highlight systematic errors as they evolve. Our primary question is to ask how the spatial structure of daily mean precipitation over the tropics evolves from the initial state and what physical processes are involved. Errors in parameterized convection, various water and energy fluxes and the divergent circulation are found to set up on fast time scales (order five days) compared to errors in the ocean, although SST changes can be non-negligible over that time. For the month of June the difference between forecast day five versus day zero precipitation looks quite similar to the difference between the June precipitation climatology and that from the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP). We focus much of our analysis on the influence of

  20. PERAN GURU DALAM MEMBENTUK ARIF BUDAYA SISWA MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN THINK PAIR SHARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarsisia Devi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini ditulis dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui peran guru dalam pembentukkan arif budaya siswa melalui model pembelajaran Think Pair Share. Model pembelajaran Think Pair Share diterapkan untuk meningkatkan daya pikir siswa dalam memecahkan suatu persoalan materi pelajaran, sehingga tercipta budaya siswa untuk berpikir cerdas. Guru mampu membentuk arif budaya siswa. Oleh karena itu guru harus dapat menjadi sumber inspirasi bagi siswa, mampu mengerakkan minat siswa untuk dapat tercipta arif budaya yang baik bagi dirinya. Guru tidak hanya menjadi pendidik, numun juga harus mampu membangkitkan semangat siswa untuk tidak malas berpikir. Metode kajian yang digunakan dalam penulisan artikel ini adalah observasi. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa guru dituntut sebagai transformator, fasilitator dan motivator dalam pembentukkan arif budaya siswa.

  1. Incorporation of the Mass Concentration and the New Snow Albedo Schemes into the Global Forecasting Model, GEOS-5 and the Impact of the New Schemes over Himalayan Glaciers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, Teppei

    2012-01-01

    Recently the issue on glacier retreats comes up and many factors should be relevant to the issue. The absorbing aerosols such as dust and black carbon (BC) are considered to be one of the factors. After they deposited onto the snow surface, it will reduce snow albedo (called snow darkening effect) and probably contribute to further melting of glacier. The Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) has developed at NASA/GSFC. However, the original snowpack model used in the land surface model in the GEOS-5 did not consider the snow darkening effect. Here we developed the new snow albedo scheme which can consider the snow darkening effect. In addition, another scheme on calculating mass concentrations on the absorbing aerosols in snowpack was also developed, in which the direct aerosol depositions from the chemical transport model in the GEOS-5 were used. The scheme has been validated with the observed data obtained at backyard of the Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, by Dr. Teruo Aoki (Meteorological Research Institute) et aL including me. The observed data was obtained when I was Ph.D. candidate. The original GEOS-5during 2007-2009 over the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau region showed more reductions of snow than that of the new GEOS-5 because the original one used lower albedo settings. On snow cover fraction, the new GEOS-5 simulated more realistic snow-covered area comparing to the MODIS snow cover fraction. The reductions on snow albedo, snow cover fraction, and snow water equivalent were seen with statistically significance if we consider the snow darkening effect comparing to the results without the snow darkening effect. In the real world, debris cover, inside refreezing process, surface flow of glacier, etc. affect glacier mass balance and the simulated results immediately do not affect whole glacier retreating. However, our results indicate that some surface melting over non debris covered parts of the glacier would be

  2. Impact of Radiatively Interactive Dust Aerosols on Dust Transport and Mobilization in the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) Earth Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, P. R.; Rocha Lima, A.; Darmenov, A.; Bloecker, C.

    2017-12-01

    Mineral dust aerosols scatter and absorb solar and infrared radiation, impacting the energy budget of the Earth system which in turns feeds back on the dynamical processes responsible for mobilization of dust in the first place. In previous work with radiatively interactive aerosols in the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System global model (GEOS-5) we found a positive feedback between dust absorption and emissions. Emissions were the largest for the highest shortwave absorption considered, which additionally produced simulated dust transport in the best agreement with observations. The positive feedback found was in contrast to other modeling studies which instead found a negative feedback, where the impact of dust absorption was to stabilize the surface levels of the atmosphere and so reduce wind speeds. A key difference between our model and other models was that in GEOS-5 we simulated generally larger dust particles, with correspondingly larger infrared absorption that led to a pronounced difference in the diurnal cycle of dust emissions versus simulations where these long wave effects were not considered. In this paper we seek to resolve discrepancies between our previous simulations and those of other modeling groups. We revisit the question of dust radiative feedback on emissions with a recent version of the GEOS-5 system running at a higher spatial resolution and including updates to the parameterizations for dust mobilization, initial dust particle size distribution, loss processes, and radiative transfer, and identify key uncertainties that remain based on dust optical property assumptions.

  3. Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Standar Penilaian Guru IPA Biologi pada Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs Negeri Model Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muh. Khalifah Mustami

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan: 1 perencanaan (antesedents pelaksanaan standar penilaian Guru IPA Biologi  pada MTs Negeri Model Makassar;  (2 proses (transactions pelaksanaan standar penilaian oleh guru IPA biologi pada MTs Negeri Model Makassar; (3 hasil (outcomes pelaksanaan standar penilaian oleh guru IPA biologi pada MTs Negeri Model Makassar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian evaluasi dengan model Model Countenance Stake. Data penelitian ini merupakan  data yang dikumpulkan dari guru IPA Biologi, kepala sekolah, wakil kepala sekolah, dan peserta didik. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, wawancara, angket, dan dokumentasi. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis membandingkan kriteria eksternal  dengan kondisi ril yang terjadi di lapangan. Kesimpulan hasil penelitian: (1 perencanaan (antecedents pelaksanaan standar penilaian guru IPA biologi pada MTs Negeri Model Makassar secara umum sudah dilaksanakan sesuai dengan yang direncanakan. Namun, dilihat dari prosedur dan teknik penilaian yang sesuai kurikulum KTSP belum sepenuhnya terlaksana. Hal yang belum terlaksana dengan baik yakni penyusunan instrumen penilaian aspek afektif, psikomotor, dan rubrik penskoran; (2 proses (transactions pelaksanaan standar penilaian guru IPA biologi pada MTs Negeri Model Makassar secara umum sudah dilaksanakan sesuai dengan yang direncanakan. Namun, pelaksanaan remedial belum maksimal menekankan kelemahan dan kekurangan peserta didik, guru belum mencatat hasil pengamatan pada saat peserta didik melakukan unjuk kerja dan proses diskusi dengan menggunakan rubrik penskoran; (3 hasil (outcomes pelaksanaan standar penilaian guru IPA Biologi pada MTs Negeri Model Makassar sudah dilaksanakan sesuai dengan yang direncanakan. Guru telah mengolah, menyekor, memasukkan nilai dalam daftar penilaian, lalu melaporkan hasil penilaian ke wali kelas, kepala sekolah, dan mengundang orang tua/wali murid.Kata kunci: Evaluasi, Pelaksanaan, Standar Penilaian

  4. An Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) Investigating the OMI Aerosol Products Using Simulated Aerosol and Atmospheric Fields from the NASA GEOS-5 Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, P. R.; Gasso, S.; Jethva, H. T.; Buchard, V.; Ahn, C.; Torres, O.; daSilva, A.

    2016-12-01

    Output from the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5) Earth system model is used to simulate the top-of-atmosphere 354 and 388 nm radiances observed by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) onboard the Aura spacecraft. The principle purpose of developing this simulator tool is to compute from the modeled fields the so-called OMI Aerosol Index (AI), which is a more fundamental retrieval product than higher level products such as the aerosol optical depth (AOD) or absorbing aerosol optical depth (AAOD). This lays the groundwork for eventually developing a capability to assimilate either the OMI AI or its radiances, which would provide further constraint on aerosol loading and absorption properties for global models. We extend the use of the simulator capability to understand the nature of the OMI aerosol retrieval algorithms themselves in an Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE). The simulated radiances are used to calculate the AI from the modeled fields. These radiances are also provided to the OMI aerosol algorithms, which return their own retrievals of the AI, AOD, and AAOD. Our assessment reveals that the OMI-retrieved AI can be mostly harmonized with the model-derived AI given the same radiances provided a common surface pressure field is assumed. This is important because the operational OMI algorithms presently assume a fixed pressure field, while the contribution of molecular scattering to the actual OMI signal in fact responds to the actual atmospheric pressure profile, which is accounted for in our OSSE by using GEOS-5 produced atmospheric reanalyses. Other differences between the model and OMI AI are discussed, and we present a preliminary assessment of the OMI AOD and AAOD products with respect to the known inputs from the GEOS-5 simulation.

  5. Ensemble mean climatology of snow darkening effect due to deposition of dust, black carbon, and organic carbon as simulated with the NASA GEOS-5 Earth System Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, T. J.; Lau, W. K.; Mahanama, S. P.; Colarco, P. R.; Koster, R. D.; Kim, K.; da Silva, A.

    2013-12-01

    The importance of the snow darkening effect (SDE) caused by solar absorbing aerosols such as dust and black carbon (BC) on climate has been discussed in previous studies. We have developed a snow darkening package for the catchment land surface model coupled to the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5), Earth System Model. Our snow darkening package includes the schemes for snow albedo and mass concentration calculations in polluted snow by dust, BC, and organic carbon (OC) depositions. The snow darkening package is currently available for seasonal snowpack over the model-defined land areas, excluding sea ice and inland of the ice sheets. The depositions of the solar absorbing aerosols are obtained from the GOCART aerosol module in the GEOS-5. Here we show the preliminary results of ensemble mean climatology (EMC) of the full SDE (i.e., dust+BC+OC). Ensemble simulations covering 10-year of 2002-2011 were carried out with the GEOS-5 including and excluding the full SDE for which each has 10 ensemble members. Shortwave radiative forcing (RF) at the top of atmosphere under all-sky condition for the 10-member EMC of the full SDE was relatively larger over Europe, Central Asia (CA), the Himalayas, the Tibetan Plateau (TP), East Asia (EA), Eastern Siberia (ES), the US, and Canadian Arctic. The RF was the strongest over the Himalayas and the TP in the northern hemisphere. The increases of surface air temperature also well correspond to the RF pattern. Larger reductions of snow water equivalent in seasonal snowpack were seen over the Himalayas, the TP, Alaska, Western Canada, and Arctic regions. We will discuss more on the day of the presentation.

  6. Impact of Radiatively Interactive Dust Aerosols in the NASA GEOS-5 Climate Model: Sensitivity to Dust Particle Shape and Refractive Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, Peter R.; Nowottnick, Edward Paul; Randles, Cynthia A.; Yi, Bingqi; Yang, Ping; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Smith, Jamison A.; Bardeen, Charles D.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the radiative effects of dust aerosols in the NASA GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model. GEOS-5 is improved with the inclusion of a sectional aerosol and cloud microphysics module, the Community Aerosol and Radiation Model for Atmospheres (CARMA). Into CARMA we introduce treatment of the dust and sea salt aerosol lifecycle, including sources, transport evolution, and sinks. The aerosols are radiatively coupled to GEOS-5, and we perform a series of multi-decade AMIP-style simulations in which dust optical properties (spectral refractive index and particle shape distribution) are varied. Optical properties assuming spherical dust particles are from Mie theory, while those for non-spherical shape distributions are drawn from a recently available database for tri-axial ellipsoids. The climatologies of the various simulations generally compare well to data from the MODIS, MISR, and CALIOP space-based sensors, the ground-based AERONET, and surface measurements of dust deposition and concentration. Focusing on the summertime Saharan dust cycle we show significant variability in our simulations resulting from different choices of dust optical properties. Atmospheric heating due to dust enhances surface winds over important Saharan dust sources, and we find a positive feedback where increased dust absorption leads to increased dust emissions. We further find that increased dust absorption leads to a strengthening of the summertime Hadley cell circulation, increasing dust lofting to higher altitudes and strengthening the African Easterly Jet. This leads to a longer atmospheric residence time, higher altitude, and generally more northward transport of dust in simulations with the most absorbing dust optical properties. We find that particle shape, although important for radiance simulations, is a minor effect compared to choices of refractive index, although total atmospheric forcing is enhanced by greater than 10 percent for simulations incorporating a

  7. Land Boundary Conditions for the Goddard Earth Observing System Model Version 5 (GEOS-5) Climate Modeling System: Recent Updates and Data File Descriptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahanama, Sarith P.; Koster, Randal D.; Walker, Gregory K.; Takacs, Lawrence L.; Reichle, Rolf H.; De Lannoy, Gabrielle; Liu, Qing; Zhao, Bin; Suarez, Max J.

    2015-01-01

    The Earths land surface boundary conditions in the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) modeling system were updated using recent high spatial and temporal resolution global data products. The updates include: (i) construction of a global 10-arcsec land-ocean lakes-ice mask; (ii) incorporation of a 10-arcsec Globcover 2009 land cover dataset; (iii) implementation of Level 12 Pfafstetter hydrologic catchments; (iv) use of hybridized SRTM global topography data; (v) construction of the HWSDv1.21-STATSGO2 merged global 30 arc second soil mineral and carbon data in conjunction with a highly-refined soil classification system; (vi) production of diffuse visible and near-infrared 8-day MODIS albedo climatologies at 30-arcsec from the period 2001-2011; and (vii) production of the GEOLAND2 and MODIS merged 8-day LAI climatology at 30-arcsec for GEOS-5. The global data sets were preprocessed and used to construct global raster data files for the software (mkCatchParam) that computes parameters on catchment-tiles for various atmospheric grids. The updates also include a few bug fixes in mkCatchParam, as well as changes (improvements in algorithms, etc.) to mkCatchParam that allow it to produce tile-space parameters efficiently for high resolution AGCM grids. The update process also includes the construction of data files describing the vegetation type fractions, soil background albedo, nitrogen deposition and mean annual 2m air temperature to be used with the future Catchment CN model and the global stream channel network to be used with the future global runoff routing model. This report provides detailed descriptions of the data production process and data file format of each updated data set.

  8. Background Error Covariance Estimation using Information from a Single Model Trajectory with Application to Ocean Data Assimilation into the GEOS-5 Coupled Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian L.; Rienecker, Michele M.; Kovach, Robin M.; Vernieres, Guillaume; Koster, Randal D. (Editor)

    2014-01-01

    An attractive property of ensemble data assimilation methods is that they provide flow dependent background error covariance estimates which can be used to update fields of observed variables as well as fields of unobserved model variables. Two methods to estimate background error covariances are introduced which share the above property with ensemble data assimilation methods but do not involve the integration of multiple model trajectories. Instead, all the necessary covariance information is obtained from a single model integration. The Space Adaptive Forecast error Estimation (SAFE) algorithm estimates error covariances from the spatial distribution of model variables within a single state vector. The Flow Adaptive error Statistics from a Time series (FAST) method constructs an ensemble sampled from a moving window along a model trajectory. SAFE and FAST are applied to the assimilation of Argo temperature profiles into version 4.1 of the Modular Ocean Model (MOM4.1) coupled to the GEOS-5 atmospheric model and to the CICE sea ice model. The results are validated against unassimilated Argo salinity data. They show that SAFE and FAST are competitive with the ensemble optimal interpolation (EnOI) used by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) to produce its ocean analysis. Because of their reduced cost, SAFE and FAST hold promise for high-resolution data assimilation applications.

  9. Air pollution modeling over the Ganges basin and north-west Bay of Bengal in the early post-monsoon season using the NASA GEOS-5 model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kishcha, Pavel; da Silva, Arlindo; Starobinets, Boris; Alpert, Pinhas

    2014-05-01

    The Ganges basin is characterized by a significant population growth accompanied by developing industry, agriculture, and increasing transportation. This has resulted in increased anthropogenic emissions and declining air quality. The NASA GEOS-5 model was used to extend the MERRA reanalysis with five atmospheric aerosol components (sulfates, organic carbon, black carbon, desert dust, and sea-salt). The model includes assimilation of bias-corrected Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) from the MODIS sensor on both Terra and Aqua satellites. The obtained eight-year (2002 - 2009) MERRA-driven aerosol dataset (MERRAero) was applied to study AOT and its trends over the Ganges basin and north-west Bay of Bengal (BoB) in the early post-monsoon season. This season is characterized by aerosol transport from the Ganges basin to north-west BoB by prevailing winds; lower cloud fraction compared to the monsoon season; and still significant rainfall of over 150 mm/month. In the early post-monsoon season (October), modeled data showed that AOT was lower over the east of the Ganges basin than over the north-west of the Ganges basin: this was despite the fact that the east of the Ganges basin should have produced higher anthropogenic aerosol emissions due to higher population density, increased industrial output and transportation. This is evidence that higher aerosol emissions do not always correspond to higher AOT over the areas where the effects of meteorological factors on AOT dominate those of aerosol emissions. MODIS AOT assimilation was essential for correcting modeled AOT mainly over the north-west of the Ganges basin, where AOT increments were maximal. Over the east of the Ganges basin and north-west BoB, AOT increments were low and MODIS AOT assimilation did not contribute significantly to modeled AOT. Our analysis showed that increasing AOT trends over north-west BoB (exceeding those over the east of the Ganges basin) were reproduced by GEOS-5, not because of MODIS AOT

  10. Total Dust Deposition Flux During Precipitation in Toyama, Japan, in the Spring of 2009: A Sensitivity Analysis with the NASA GEOS-5 Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, Teppei J.; Colarco, Peter R.; Lau, William K. M.; Osada, Kazuo; Kido, Mizuka; Mahanama, Sarith P. P.; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Da Silva, Arlindo M.

    2015-01-01

    We compared the observed total dust deposition fluxes during precipitation (TDP) mainly at Toyama in Japan during the period January - April 2009 with results available from four NASA GEOS-5 global model experiments. The modeled results were obtained from three previous experiments and carried out in one experiment, which were all driven by assimilated meteorology and simulating aerosol distributions for the time period. We focus mainly on the observations of two distinct TDP events, which were reported in Osada et al. (2011), at Toyama, Japan, in February (Event B) and March 2009 (Event C). Although all of our GEOS-5 simulations captured aspects of the observed TDP, we found that our low horizontal spatial resolution control experiment performed generally the worst. The other three experiments were run at a higher spatial resolution, with the first differing only in that respect from the control, the second adding imposed a prescribed corrected precipitation product, and the final experiment adding as well assimilation of aerosol optical depth based on MODIS observations. During Event C, the increased horizontal resolution could increase TDP with precipitation increase. There was no significant improvement, however, due to the imposition of the corrected precipitation product. The simulation that incorporated aerosol data assimilation performed was by far the best for this event, but even so could only reproduce less than half of the observed TDP despite the significantly increased atmospheric dust mass concentrations. All three of the high spatial resolution experiments had higher simulated precipitation at Toyama than was observed and that in the lower resolution control run. During Event B, the aerosol data assimilation run did not perform appreciably better than the other higher resolution simulations, suggesting that upstream conditions (i.e., upstream cloudiness), or vertical or horizontal misplacement of the dust plume did not allow for significant

  11. Surface Pressure Dependencies in the GEOS-Chem-Adjoint System and the Impact of the GEOS-5 Surface Pressure on CO2 Model Forecast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Meemong; Weidner, Richard

    2016-01-01

    In the GEOS-Chem Adjoint (GCA) system, the total (wet) surface pressure of the GEOS meteorology is employed as dry surface pressure, ignoring the presence of water vapor. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) research team has been evaluating the impact of the above discrepancy on the CO2 model forecast and the CO2 flux inversion. The JPL CMS research utilizes a multi-mission assimilation framework developed by the Multi-Mission Observation Operator (M2O2) research team at JPL extending the GCA system. The GCA-M2O2 framework facilitates mission-generic 3D and 4D-variational assimilations streamlining the interfaces to the satellite data products and prior emission inventories. The GCA-M2O2 framework currently integrates the GCA system version 35h and provides a dry surface pressure setup to allow the CO2 model forecast to be performed with the GEOS-5 surface pressure directly or after converting it to dry surface pressure.

  12. IMPLEMENTASI MODEL TUTORIAL BERBASIS KOMPUTER FISIOLOGI HEWAN UNTUK MEMBEKALI KEMAMPUAN REKONSTRUKSI KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeng Slamet

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan model perkuliahan fisiologi hewan yang diharapkan mampu membekali kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep bagi mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Strategi perkuliahan ditempuh melalui implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer. Sebanyak 80 orang mahasiswa S1 calon guru biologi dibagi ke dalam dua kelompok, 41 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial komputer, dan 39 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan konvensional. Kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep diukur dengan membandingkan skor sebelum pembelajaran (pretes dengan setelah implementasi model (postes di antara kedua kelompok belajar. Selain itu, untuk mengungkap pandangan mahasiswa mengenai pengalaman belajarnya, seperangkat angket disebarkan kepada mahasiswa yang mengikuti model perkuliahan.  Efektivitas program perkuliahan dievaluasi dengan tes tertulis bentuk respon terbatas pada mahasiswa yang mengikuti program perkuliahan model tutorial komputer dibandingkan dengan mahasiswa dari kelompok konvensional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan secara keseluruhan terjadi peningkatan  kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep pada kedua kelompok belajar, namun mahasiswa yang mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial berbasis komputer menunjukkan peningkatan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok mahasiswa peserta perkuliahan konvensional. Mahasiswa menanggapi positif implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer dalam perkuliahan fisiologi hewan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model tutorial berbasis komputer pada penelitian ini dinyatakan lebih efektif dan mampu  membekali mahasiwa calon guru biologi dalam meningkatkan kemampuan  rekonstruksi konsep.

  13. Spatial Variability in Column CO2 Inferred from High Resolution GEOS-5 Global Model Simulations: Implications for Remote Sensing and Inversions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, L.; Putman, B.; Collatz, J.; Gregg, W.

    2012-01-01

    Column CO2 observations from current and future remote sensing missions represent a major advancement in our understanding of the carbon cycle and are expected to help constrain source and sink distributions. However, data assimilation and inversion methods are challenged by the difference in scale of models and observations. OCO-2 footprints represent an area of several square kilometers while NASA s future ASCENDS lidar mission is likely to have an even smaller footprint. In contrast, the resolution of models used in global inversions are typically hundreds of kilometers wide and often cover areas that include combinations of land, ocean and coastal areas and areas of significant topographic, land cover, and population density variations. To improve understanding of scales of atmospheric CO2 variability and representativeness of satellite observations, we will present results from a global, 10-km simulation of meteorology and atmospheric CO2 distributions performed using NASA s GEOS-5 general circulation model. This resolution, typical of mesoscale atmospheric models, represents an order of magnitude increase in resolution over typical global simulations of atmospheric composition allowing new insight into small scale CO2 variations across a wide range of surface flux and meteorological conditions. The simulation includes high resolution flux datasets provided by NASA s Carbon Monitoring System Flux Pilot Project at half degree resolution that have been down-scaled to 10-km using remote sensing datasets. Probability distribution functions are calculated over larger areas more typical of global models (100-400 km) to characterize subgrid-scale variability in these models. Particular emphasis is placed on coastal regions and regions containing megacities and fires to evaluate the ability of coarse resolution models to represent these small scale features. Additionally, model output are sampled using averaging kernels characteristic of OCO-2 and ASCENDS measurement

  14. MODIFIKASI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN SPORT EDUCATION BERBASIS KEJUARAAN UNTUK GURU PENJAS SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilian Dalton

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk modifikasi model pembelajaran sport education berbasis kejuaraan untuk guru penjas SMP, dalam bentuk buku panduan pelaksanaan model pembelajaran berbasis kejuaraan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian dan modifikasi. Pengembangan dilakukan mengacu pada model pengembangan Borg & Gall dan Sugiyono dengan beberapa modifikasi menjadi lima tahap. Subjek uji coba dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa SMP 1 Panggang, SMP 1 Mlati dan MTs Banyusoca. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah lembar validasi untuk ahli dan praktisi penjas, lembar observasi, angket untuk penilaian guru dan angket untuk tanggapan siswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 Prosedur pengembangan melalui lima tahap, yaitu tahap studi pendahuluan, tahap desain produk, Tahap validasi ahli, tahap uji coba dan revisi produk dan tahap produk akhir. (2 Buku terdiri atas tiga bab, yaitu bab 1, pengenalan pembelajaran berbasis kejuaraan; bab 2, tata laksana pembelajaran berbasis kejuaraan; dan bab 3, penutup. (3 Hasil validasi menunjukkan buku panduan yang dikembangkan layak digunakan dengan kategori sangat tinggi. (4. Penilaian guru pendidikan jasmani terhadap kualitas buku panduan dengan rerata sebesar 16 (masuk dalam kategori sangat tinggi. Tanggapan siswa terhadap pelaksanaan pembelajaran sport education rerata sebesar 9,06 (masuk dalam kategori sangat tinggi. (5 Kesimpulannya buku panduan pelaksanaan model pembelajaran sport education layak untuk digunakan sebagai sumber belajar. Kata kunci: modifikasi buku panduan, penjas, sport education model

  15. Update on the NASA GEOS-5 Aerosol Forecasting and Data Assimilation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colarco, Peter; da Silva, Arlindo; Aquila, Valentina; Bian, Huisheng; Buchard, Virginie; Castellanos, Patricia; Darmenov, Anton; Follette-Cook, Melanie; Govindaraju, Ravi; Keller, Christoph; hide

    2017-01-01

    GEOS-5 is the Goddard Earth Observing System model. GEOS-5 is maintained by the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office. Core development is within GMAO,Goddard Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, and with external partners. Primary GEOS-5 functions: Earth system model for studying climate variability and change, provide research quality reanalyses for supporting NASA instrument teams and scientific community, provide near-real time forecasts of meteorology,aerosols, and other atmospheric constituents to support NASA airborne campaigns.

  16. Performance Tests of Snow-Related Variables Over the Tibetan Plateau and Himalayas Using a New Version of NASA GEOS-5 Land Surface Model that Includes the Snow Darkening Effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, Tppei J.; Lau, K.-U.; Koster, Randal D.; Suarez, Max; Mahanama, Sarith; Dasilva, Arlindo M.; Colarco, Peter R.

    2011-01-01

    The snow darkening effect, i.e. the reduction of snow albedo, is caused by absorption of solar radiation by absorbing aerosols (dust, black carbon, and organic carbon) deposited on the snow surface. This process is probably important over Himalayan and Tibetan glaciers due to the transport of highly polluted Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) from the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP). This effect has been incorporated into the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System model, version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric transport model. The Catchment land surface model (LSM) used in GEOS-5 considers 3 snow layers. Code was developed to track the mass concentration of aerosols in the three layers, taking into account such processes as the flushing of the compounds as liquid water percolates through the snowpack. In GEOS-5, aerosol emissions, transports, and depositions are well simulated in the Goddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport (GO CART) module; we recently made the connection between GOCART and the GEOS-5 system fitted with the revised LSM. Preliminary simulations were performed with this new system in "replay" mode (i.e., with atmospheric dynamics guided by reanalysis) at 2x2.5 degree horizontal resolution, covering the period 1 November 2005 - 31 December 2009; we consider the final three years of simulation here. The three simulations used the following variants of the LSM: (1) the original Catchment LSM with a fixed fresh snowfall density of 150 kg m-3 ; (2) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code, used here without aerosol deposition but with changes in density formulation and melting water effect on snow specific surface area, (3) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code as same as (2) but with fixed aerosol deposition rates (computed from GOCART values averaged over the Tibetan Plateau domain [Ion.: 60-120E; lat.: 20-50N] during March-May 2008) applied to all grid points at every time step. For (2) and (3), the same setting on the fresh snowfall density as in (1

  17. MODEL PELATIHAN GURU ILMU PENGETAHUAN SOSIAL DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH KARTASURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjipto Subadi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to review and describe: 1 Coaching model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura. 2 Test the validation of coaching model on social sciences teacher. This study used a qualitative approach of phenomenology. This study was conducted in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura, Sukoharjo district. The research design was classroom action research. The subject in this research were students, teachers, the principal. Data collection technique used observation, testing and interview. The interview process using theory of first and second order understanding. Data were analyzed using an interactive model included data reduction, data display, and conclusion. This study concluded that 1 Coaching Model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura used modification lesson study approach. 2 Validation of the coaching model using two kinds of validation namely theory of validation and practice of validation.

  18. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBINAAN KOMPETENSI CALON GURU MATEMATIKA MELALUI LESSON STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmad Bustanul Anwar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Education has a very important role in improving the quality of human resources. Therefore, education is expected to be one of the ways to prepare generations of qualified human resources and has the ability to deal with the progress of time and technology development . In order to enhance the quality of student mastery of competencies in the development of prospective teachers in this study will be applied to the activities in the process of lesson study in lecture . Lesson study is a model of coaching to people who work as both teacher educators and lecturers through collaborative learning and assessment in building sustainable learning communities. The purpose of this research is to improve the competence of prospective mathematics teachers through lesson study . More specifically , this study aims to describe the efforts made to improve the pedagogical, professional competence , social competence and personal competence prospective mathematics teachers through lesson study . Subjects in this study were students who took the micro teaching courses totaling 15 students , divided into 3 group . This type of research is a qualitative descriptive study is to develop the competence of prospective mathematics teachers through lesson study . Lesson study conducted collaborated with Action Research activities ( Action Reseach. The results of this research activity is the implementation of lesson study to greater competence to prospective teachers teaching mathematics through the micro subjects namely: pedagogical competence categories were 80 % and 20 % lower, professional competence categories were 46.7 % and 53.3 % lower, personal competence 100 % category being and social competence categories were 86.7 % and 13.3 % lower .

  19. Errors and improvements in the use of archived meteorological data for chemical transport modeling: an analysis using GEOS-Chem v11-01 driven by GEOS-5 meteorology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Karen; Keller, Christoph A.; Jacob, Daniel J.; Molod, Andrea M.; Eastham, Sebastian D.; Long, Michael S.

    2018-01-01

    Global simulations of atmospheric chemistry are commonly conducted with off-line chemical transport models (CTMs) driven by archived meteorological data from general circulation models (GCMs). The off-line approach has the advantages of simplicity and expediency, but it incurs errors due to temporal averaging in the meteorological archive and the inability to reproduce the GCM transport algorithms exactly. The CTM simulation is also often conducted at coarser grid resolution than the parent GCM. Here we investigate this cascade of CTM errors by using 222Rn-210Pb-7Be chemical tracer simulations off-line in the GEOS-Chem CTM at rectilinear 0.25° × 0.3125° (≈ 25 km) and 2° × 2.5° (≈ 200 km) resolutions and online in the parent GEOS-5 GCM at cubed-sphere c360 (≈ 25 km) and c48 (≈ 200 km) horizontal resolutions. The c360 GEOS-5 GCM meteorological archive, updated every 3 h and remapped to 0.25° × 0.3125°, is the standard operational product generated by the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) and used as input by GEOS-Chem. We find that the GEOS-Chem 222Rn simulation at native 0.25° × 0.3125° resolution is affected by vertical transport errors of up to 20 % relative to the GEOS-5 c360 online simulation, in part due to loss of transient organized vertical motions in the GCM (resolved convection) that are temporally averaged out in the 3 h meteorological archive. There is also significant error caused by operational remapping of the meteorological archive from a cubed-sphere to a rectilinear grid. Decreasing the GEOS-Chem resolution from 0.25° × 0.3125° to 2° × 2.5° induces further weakening of vertical transport as transient vertical motions are averaged out spatially and temporally. The resulting 222Rn concentrations simulated by the coarse-resolution GEOS-Chem are overestimated by up to 40 % in surface air relative to the online c360 simulations and underestimated by up to 40 % in the upper troposphere, while the

  20. Performance tests of snow-related variables over the Tibetan Plateau and Himalayas using a new version of NASA GEOS-5 land surface model that includes the snow darkening effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasunari, T. J.; Lau, W. K.; Koster, R. D.; Suarez, M.; Mahanama, S. P.; da Silva, A.; Colarco, P. R.

    2011-12-01

    The snow darkening effect, i.e. the reduction of snow albedo, is caused by absorption of solar radiation by absorbing aerosols (dust, black carbon, and organic carbon) deposited on the snow surface. This process is probably important over Himalayan and Tibetan glaciers due to the transport of highly polluted Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) from the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP). This effect has been incorporated into the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System model, version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric transport model. The Catchment land surface model (LSM) used in GEOS-5 considers 3 snow layers. Code was developed to track the mass concentration of aerosols in the three layers, taking into account such processes as the flushing of the compounds as liquid water percolates through the snowpack. In GEOS-5, aerosol emissions, transports, and depositions are well simulated in the Goddard Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport (GOCART) module; we recently made the connection between GOCART and the GEOS-5 system fitted with the revised LSM. Preliminary simulations were performed with this new system in "replay" mode (i.e., with atmospheric dynamics guided by reanalysis) at 2x2.5 degree horizontal resolution, covering the period 1 November 2005 - 31 December 2009; we consider the final three years of simulation here. The three simulations used the following variants of the LSM: (1) the original Catchment LSM with a fixed fresh snowfall density of 150 kg m-3; (2) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code, used here without aerosol deposition but with changes in density formulation and melting water effect on snow specific surface area, (3) the LSM fitted with the new snow albedo code as same as (2) but with fixed aerosol deposition rates (computed from GOCART values averaged over the Tibetan Plateau domain [lon.: 60-120E; lat.: 20-50N] during March-May 2008) applied to all grid points at every time step. For (2) and (3), the same setting on the fresh snowfall density as in (1) was

  1. Identifikasi Komponen Model Pelatihan Pedagogi untuk Meningkatkan Profesionalitas Calon Guru Kejuruan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Febriana

    2016-05-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan komponen model pelatihan pedagogi untuk meningkatkan profesionalitas calon guru kejuruan. Studi ini direncanakan akan memerlukan waktu tiga tahun. Pada tahun pertama dihasilkan komponen model pelatihan pedagogik beserta ujicoba pada skala internal UNJ. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif yang berdurasi selama tiga tahun. Luaran penelitian pada tahun pertama adalah identifikasi komponen model pelatihan pedagogik, tahun kedua menghasilkan model pelatihan pedagogi dan tahun ketiga menguji efektivitas model dengan mengintegrasikan mata kuliah kependidikan yang bersifat prerequisit sehingga setiap mahasiswa yang telah menyelesaikan matakuliah kependidikan akan memiliki kompetensi pedagogik yang dapat meningkatkan profesionalitas keguruannya.Penelitian ini menggunakan desain research and development dengan mengadopsi model latihan keterampilan kerja (skill training for the job. Subyek penelitian adalah mahasiswa di Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negeri Jakarta. Tahun pertama menempuh alur sebagai berikut: (1 studi literatur, (2 pengumpulan data lapangan dan triangulasi data, (3 deskripsi dan analisis temuan terhadap komponen model pembelajaran yang terdapat pada pendidikan kejuruan. Target yang dicapai pada tahun pertama yaitu identifikasi komponen model pelatihan pedagogik.

  2. The Representation of Tropical Cyclones Within the Global William Putman Non-Hydrostatic Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5) at Cloud-Permitting Resolutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putman, William M.

    2010-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-S), an earth system model developed in the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO), has integrated the non-hydrostatic finite-volume dynamical core on the cubed-sphere grid. The extension to a non-hydrostatic dynamical framework and the quasi-uniform cubed-sphere geometry permits the efficient exploration of global weather and climate modeling at cloud permitting resolutions of 10- to 4-km on today's high performance computing platforms. We have explored a series of incremental increases in global resolution with GEOS-S from irs standard 72-level 27-km resolution (approx.5.5 million cells covering the globe from the surface to 0.1 hPa) down to 3.5-km (approx. 3.6 billion cells).

  3. Errors and improvements in the use of archived meteorological data for chemical transport modeling: an analysis using GEOS-Chem v11-01 driven by GEOS-5 meteorology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Yu

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Global simulations of atmospheric chemistry are commonly conducted with off-line chemical transport models (CTMs driven by archived meteorological data from general circulation models (GCMs. The off-line approach has the advantages of simplicity and expediency, but it incurs errors due to temporal averaging in the meteorological archive and the inability to reproduce the GCM transport algorithms exactly. The CTM simulation is also often conducted at coarser grid resolution than the parent GCM. Here we investigate this cascade of CTM errors by using 222Rn–210Pb–7Be chemical tracer simulations off-line in the GEOS-Chem CTM at rectilinear 0.25°  ×  0.3125° (≈ 25 km and 2°  ×  2.5° (≈ 200 km resolutions and online in the parent GEOS-5 GCM at cubed-sphere c360 (≈ 25 km and c48 (≈ 200 km horizontal resolutions. The c360 GEOS-5 GCM meteorological archive, updated every 3 h and remapped to 0.25°  ×  0.3125°, is the standard operational product generated by the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO and used as input by GEOS-Chem. We find that the GEOS-Chem 222Rn simulation at native 0.25°  ×  0.3125° resolution is affected by vertical transport errors of up to 20 % relative to the GEOS-5 c360 online simulation, in part due to loss of transient organized vertical motions in the GCM (resolved convection that are temporally averaged out in the 3 h meteorological archive. There is also significant error caused by operational remapping of the meteorological archive from a cubed-sphere to a rectilinear grid. Decreasing the GEOS-Chem resolution from 0.25°  ×  0.3125° to 2°  ×  2.5° induces further weakening of vertical transport as transient vertical motions are averaged out spatially and temporally. The resulting 222Rn concentrations simulated by the coarse-resolution GEOS-Chem are overestimated by up to 40 % in surface air relative to the

  4. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL INTERNALISASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PANCASILA PADA GURU PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Supeni

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengembangkan model internalisasi pendidikan karakter se- bagai penguatan nilai-nilai Pancasila, mengetahui langkah dan efektivitas model, mengembangkan strategi yang efektif, serta memperoleh hasil pengembangan bahan ajar oleh guru PAUD di Kota Surakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan model penelitian dan pengembangan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, focus group discussion, wawancara, dan dokumentasi, sedang teknik analisis data dilakukan dengan membuat reduksi data dan sajian data secara terus-menerus. Strategi pengembangan model pendidikan karakter disesuaikan dengan materi melalui media bermain peran, gambar, menyanyikan lagu nasional, dan rasa cinta tanah air. Out bond efektif pada praktik pendidikan karakter melalui nilai-nilai dasar etika dan moral dijadikan sebagai basis pendidikan Pancasila. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model yang dilakukan valid dan reliabel. Penelitian berhasil mengembangkan model pendidikan karakter dalam internalisasi pendidikan Pancasila pada anak usia dini lewat beberapa model strategi pengembangan pendidikan karakter dalam menginternalisasikan Pancasila pada PAUD melalui tabel model yang akan diterapkan dalam proses pendidikan. Kata Kunci: pendidikan karakter, Pancasila, PAUD DEVELOPING A MODEL OF THE PANCASILA CHARACTER EDUCATION INTERNALISATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHERS Abstract: This study was aimed to develop a model of the internalisation of the Pancasila character education, to find out the stages and effectiveness of the model, to develop an effective strategy, and to obtain the result of the materials developed by early childhood teachers in Surakarta Municipality. This study used a research and development model. The data were collected through observations, focus group discussion, interviews, and documentation, and the data were analyzed by reducing the data and displaying the data continuously. The strategi of developing the model of character

  5. PENGETAHUAN GURU TENTANG BULLYING

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    Fauziyah Indahyani

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan tingkat pengetahuan guru sekolah dasar tentang bullying di kecamatan Sokaraja, Kabupaten Banyumas. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan tes pengetahuan, subjek penelitiannya adalah guru sekolah dasar di Sokaraja, Kabupaten Banyumas. Teknik pengambilan sampel data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah clustered sampling. Jumlah populasi penelitian adalah 403 guru dari sekolah dasar di kecamatan Sokaraja, Kabupaten Banyumas. 40% di antaranya diambil sebagai sampel, sehingga sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 130 guru sekolah dasar dari kecamatan Sokaraja, Banyumas kabupaten Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan guru tentang bullying rata-rata, hal ini ditunjukkan dalam analisis yang menunjukkan bahwa 130 guru sekolah dasar, 92 di antaranya 70,77% kategori rata-rata dalam mengetahui bullying verbal (70,77%. Sedangkan untuk pengetahuan bullying fisik, dari 130 guru, 91 guru atau 70,00% dikategorikan ke tingkat rata-rata. Kemudian, dari 130 guru sekolah dasar, 70,00% dikategorikan ke dalam pengetahuan rata-rata yang berhubungan dengan pengetahuan mental. Kata kunci: Pengetahuan tentang Bullying, Guru Sekolah Dasar

  6. File Specification for GEOS-5 FP-IT (Forward Processing for Instrument Teams)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucchesi, R.

    2013-01-01

    The GEOS-5 FP-IT Atmospheric Data Assimilation System (GEOS-5 ADAS) uses an analysis developed jointly with NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), which allows the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) to take advantage of the developments at NCEP and the Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation (JCSDA). The GEOS-5 AGCM uses the finite-volume dynamics (Lin, 2004) integrated with various physics packages (e.g, Bacmeister et al., 2006), under the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) including the Catchment Land Surface Model (CLSM) (e.g., Koster et al., 2000). The GSI analysis is a three-dimensional variational (3DVar) analysis applied in grid-point space to facilitate the implementation of anisotropic, inhomogeneous covariances (e.g., Wu et al., 2002; Derber et al., 2003). The GSI implementation for GEOS-5 FP-IT incorporates a set of recursive filters that produce approximately Gaussian smoothing kernels and isotropic correlation functions. The GEOS-5 ADAS is documented in Rienecker et al. (2008). More recent updates to the model are presented in Molod et al. (2011). The GEOS-5 system actively assimilates roughly 2 × 10(exp 6) observations for each analysis, including about 7.5 × 10(exp 5) AIRS radiance data. The input stream is roughly twice this volume, but because of the large volume, the data are thinned commensurate with the analysis grid to reduce the computational burden. Data are also rejected from the analysis through quality control procedures designed to detect, for example, the presence of cloud. To minimize the spurious periodic perturbations of the analysis, GEOS-5 FP-IT uses the Incremental Analysis Update (IAU) technique developed by Bloom et al. (1996). More details of this procedure are given in Appendix A. The analysis is performed at a horizontal resolution of 0.625-degree longitude by 0.5-degree latitude and at 72 levels, extending to 0.01 hPa. All products are generated at the native resolution of the

  7. ANALISIS POLA WACANA PEDAGOGIS GURU BIOLOGI DI SMA NEGERI 7 CIREBON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edy Chandra

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang berkembang di kalangan pengajar muda yang belum memiliki pengalaman dalam dunia pengajaran adalah membutuhkan profil seorang guru ideal  yang disenangi oleh siswa.Analisis wacana pedagogis guru tidak hanya dapat mengungkap kualitas pengajaran seorang guru di kelas, tetapi merupakan salah satu pendekatan yang dapat digunakan untuk mengungkap proses belajar mengajar secara totalitas.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui profil seorang guru Biologi yang terbaik di salah satu SMA Negeri di Cirebon berdasarkan kemampuannya dalam menyampaikan materi dan memberikan pemahaman kepada siswa. Masalah yang diangkat dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan mengamati tingkat relevansi penguasaan materi guru biologi pada indikator RPP, tingkat analisis wacana pedagogis guru menggunakan model representasi, tingkat analisis wacana pedagogis guru berdasarkan penyajian motif dan tingkat analisis wacana pedagogis guru berdasarkan level penyajian konsep.Metode penelitian yang digunakan oleh penulis adalah metode Kualitatif Deskriptif. Prosedur pengumpulan data dilakukan oleh peneliti sendiri dengan melakukan observasi, wawancara, penyebaran angket dan dokumentasi. Subjek penelitian adalah seorang guru biologi yang dianggap guru biologi terbaik di SMA Negeri 7 Cirebon.Data utama yang diperoleh berupa rekaman audio visual, diubah kedalam bentuk teks atau transkripsi untuk dapat dianalisis lebih lanjut.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan tingkat relevansi penguasaan materi guru terhadap RPP yang dibuatnya dikatakan baik karena sebagian besar sudah teraktualisasi. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari hasil persentase tingkat relevansi indikator 90% materi terakomodasi, dan 10% tidak terakomodasi. Sementara itu, hasil analisis wacana pedagogis guru pada representasi teks mencapai struktur 5 level. Artinya semakin banyak konsep yang disampaikan guru dan semakin tinggi kompleksitas penguasaan materi guru. Analisis wacana pedagogis berdasarkan penyajian motif menunjukan

  8. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN IPA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI CALON GURU SEBAGAI KECENDERUNGAN BARU PADA ERA GLOBALISASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms Liliasari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian people as human resources should be prepared to globalization era in the 21st  century, therefore they have to develop their higher order thinking skill rapidly, to improve their quality. Science education has an important role to develop young generation thinking skill, that makes science teachers training needs to be improved. Three science teaching models  have been developed to increase science teacher candidates high order thinking skill, consist of Chemical Bond Model of Teaching (MPIK, Thermodynamics Model of Teaching (MPTD and Anatomy and Physiology of Human Body Model of Teaching (MPAF. Each of the models consists of concept analysis and concept map, learning activities, teaching materials, test item. These studies show the dependency of the higher order thinking aspects and the characteristics of the subject matter in the models, including kind of concepts, width and depth of the subject matter areas. The models have been implemented and evaluated in three institutes of teacher training in Java. The findings show that the models had successfully increased the science teacher candidates way of thinking, on the whole stages of critical thinking skills, that have raised their propositional and combinatorial thinking. The impact shows that science models of learning (MPIPA are available as new trend of science teacher training for the globalization era. Kata kunci  : model pembelajaran, berpikir tingkat tinggi, calon guru IPA

  9. Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelaro, Ronald; Putman, William M.; Pawson, Steven; Draper, Clara; Molod, Andrea; Norris, Peter M.; Ott, Lesley; Prive, Nikki; Reale, Oreste; Achuthavarier, Deepthi; hide

    2015-01-01

    This report documents an evaluation by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) of a two-year 7-km-resolution non-hydrostatic global mesoscale simulation produced with the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model. The simulation was produced as a Nature Run for conducting observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs). Generation of the GEOS-5 Nature Run (G5NR) was motivated in part by the desire of the OSSE community for an improved high-resolution sequel to an existing Nature Run produced by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), which has served the community for several years. The intended use of the G5NR in this context is for generating simulated observations to test proposed observing system designs regarding new instruments and their deployments. Because NASA's interest in OSSEs extends beyond traditional weather forecasting applications, the G5NR includes, in addition to standard meteorological components, a suite of aerosol types and several trace gas concentrations, with emissions downscaled to 10 km using ancillary information such as power plant location, population density and night-light information. The evaluation exercise described here involved more than twenty-five GMAO scientists investigating various aspects of the G5NR performance, including time mean temperature and wind fields, energy spectra, precipitation and the hydrological cycle, the representation of waves, tropical cyclones and midlatitude storms, land and ocean surface characteristics, the representation and forcing effects of clouds and radiation, dynamics of the stratosphere and mesosphere, and the representation of aerosols and trace gases. Comparisons are made with observational data sets when possible, as well as with reanalyses and other long model simulations. The evaluation is broad in scope, as it is meant to assess the overall realism of basic aspects of the G5NR deemed relevant to the conduct of OSSEs

  10. Assessment of Aerosol Distributions from GEOS-5 Using the CALIPSO Feature Mask

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welton, Ellsworth

    2010-01-01

    A-train sensors such as MODIS, MISR, and CALIPSO are used to determine aerosol properties, and in the process a means of estimating aerosol type (e.g. smoke vs. dust). Correct classification of aerosol type is important for climate assessment, air quality applications, and for comparisons and analysis with aerosol transport models. The Aerosols-Clouds-Ecosystems (ACE) satellite mission proposed in the NRC Decadal Survey describes a next generation aerosol and cloud suite similar to the current A-train, including a lidar. The future ACE lidar must be able to determine aerosol type effectively in conjunction with modeling activities to achieve ACE objectives. Here we examine the current capabilities of CALIPSO and the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System general circulation model and data assimilation system (GEOS-5), to place future ACE needs in context. The CALIPSO level 2 feature mask includes vertical profiles of aerosol layers classified by type. GEOS-5 provides global 3D aerosol mass for sulfate, sea salt, dust, and black and organic carbon. A GEOS aerosol scene classification algorithm has been developed to provide estimates of aerosol mixtures and extinction profiles along the CALIPSO orbit track. In previous work, initial comparisons between GEOS-5 derived aerosol mixtures and CALIPSO derived aerosol types were presented for July 2007. In general, the results showed that model and lidar derived aerosol types did not agree well in the boundary layer. Agreement was poor over Europe, where CALIPSO indicated the presence of dust and pollution mixtures yet GEOS-5 was dominated by pollution with little dust. Over the ocean in the tropics, the model appeared to contain less sea salt than detected by CALIPSO, yet at high latitudes the situation was reserved. Agreement between CALIPSO and GEOS-5, aerosol types improved above the boundary layer, primarily in dust and smoke dominated regions. At higher altitudes (> 5 km), the model contained aerosol layers not detected

  11. Model - Model Pembelajaran pada Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (PGMI STAIN Samarinda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syeh Hawib Hamzah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The model of learning is a vital thing in education. A good appropriate model of learning could reach the goal of learning efficently and effectively. The lecturers of education and teacher training program of STAIN Samarinda implement a various teaching and learning models when they perform their teaching, such as: model of contectual teaching, social interaction, informational proces, personal-based learning, behaviorism, cooperative learning, and problem-based learning.

  12. MODEL PELATIHAN BERBASIS KELOMPOK KERJA GURU UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MENYUSUN PERANGKAT PENILAIAN BERBASIS KELAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Suwono

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Teacher Taskforce-based Training Model to Improve the Ability to Develop Class-based As­sessment Instruments. This R & D project was aimed at demonstrating the most effective model, out of three training models-Teachers Working Group (KKG-Practice-Reflection (KPR, Modelling-Practice-Reflection (MPR, and Telling-Practice-Reflection (CPR. The first model was de­veloped based on orientation re­sults. This model was validated by educational experts and practitioners and was tried-out so as to result in a model which was more appropriate for primary schools. In the stage of semi-summative evaluation for the final design, an experiment was conducted to identify the most ef­fective model. The experiment employed a factorial design. The findings show that MPR was the most effective model. This model was perceived as the one which was beneficial to improve the teachers' capability in designing the in­struments of classroom-based assessment for science teaching. In addition, the model could improve the teachers' knowledge of classroom-based assessment, and could help them design better classroom-­based assessment instruments. The second most effective model was KPR. Even though this model was perceived as less beneficial than MPR, with training carried out twice, it could improve the teachers' capability in designing the instruments of classroom-based as­sessment as effective as that of MPR model.

  13. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ANALITIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN GURU KIMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs Liliasari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to improve chemistry teacher training program quality, use Analytical Chemistry Teaching Model (MPKA. The improvement should be on student higher order thinking skills. The model is consisting of 23 concepts, which include concepts that name process, concepts that have no perceptible instances, concepts which require knowledge of principles, concepts involving symbolic representation, formula and equation. Those concepts arrange in nine hierarchies on concept map. The model of teaching uses: (a concept and science process skill approach; (b problem solving and lecture method, and also laboratory activities; (c transparency and power point media; (d essay test. Critical thinking skills developed by the model are elementary clarification, basic support, inference and strategy and tactics. Creative thinking skills developed by the model are: (1 encouraging elegant solution of collision conflict, unsolved mysteries; (2 practicing the creative problem solving process in disciplined systematic manner in dealing with the problem and information at hand; (3 examining fantasies to find solution of real problems; (4 heightening anticipation only enough structure to give clues and direction. The model has been implemented to 82 students in three teacher’s training institutions (LPTK in Java and Bali. The model improves students’ comprehension in Chemistry concepts. It also develops three kinds of logics: group inclusion, proportional and combinatorial. Therefore it is suggested to develop similar models for other courses in perspectives chemistry teachers training program. Key words: Model of teaching, analytical chemistry, critical and creative thinking skills, quality improvement.

  14. Model Virtual Laboratory Fisika Modern untuk Meningkatkan Disposisi Berpikir Kritis Calon Guru

    OpenAIRE

    Gunawan, Gunawan; Liliasari, Liliasari

    2012-01-01

    : Model Virtual Laboratory Modern Physics to Increase Pre-Service Teachers' Critical Disposition. This study was aimed to reveal the effectiveness of the modern physics virtual laboratory model on the students critical thinking disposition. Sixty-four students divided into two groups, the experimental and control groups, were involved in this study. An instrument used to test the students' critical thinking disposition was utilized, integrated with the mastery of modern physics concepts. The ...

  15. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ANALITIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN GURU KIMIA

    OpenAIRE

    Mrs Liliasari; Mrs Siti Darsati

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the research is to improve chemistry teacher training program quality, use Analytical Chemistry Teaching Model (MPKA). The improvement should be on student higher order thinking skills. The model is consisting of 23 concepts, which include concepts that name process, concepts that have no perceptible instances, concepts which require knowledge of principles, concepts involving symbolic representation, formula and equation. Those concepts arrange in nine hierarchies on concept map. ...

  16. Model Virtual Laboratory Fisika Modern Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Generik Sains Calon Guru

    OpenAIRE

    Gunawan, Gunawan; Setiawan, Agus; Widyantoro, Dwi H

    2013-01-01

    : We have developed a virtual laboratory for teaching modern physics. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a virtual laboratory model of modern physics on students' generic science skills. The study involved 64 students who were divided into two groups, the experimental group and control group. The research instrument used a generic science skills test that is integrated with the mastery of concepts of modern physics. Data were analyzed by using mean-difference test an...

  17. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA MADRASAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA MAN MODEL BANDA ACEH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusnidar Yusnidar

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master is one of factors in encouraging the school to reach its vision, mission, aim and target through the planned implemented program. The aim of the study is to know the leadership of the head master of the school in improving the teachers’ commitment, work motivation and obstacles experiencing by the school head master in improving the teachers’ performance at MAN Model Banda Aceh. The study used descriptive method. The data collection techniques were observations, interviews, and documentations. The subjects of this research were the head master of the school and the teachers of MAN Model Banda Aceh. The data analysis of this qualitative analysis shows that: (1 the leadership of the head master of the school in improving working commitment is through empowerment of the training teacher in accordance with their field, class supervision evaluation and interns routinely madrasah supervision, and give reward to outstanding teacher; ( 2 the school head master leadership in improving work motivation is through professionalism work guiding, evaluate the teacher learning program, consensus agreement in time discipline, and intern cooperation with the school head master and guiding teachers; (3 the head master leadership in improving discipline is through applying self discipline of school head master in order to be followed by teachers as the discipline being conducted by the school head master in fully self awareness without any coercion; (4 the obstacles faced by the school head master in improving the teacher performance is because of time restriction in carrying out classroom supervision, guiding professional teachers and evaluate the teachers teaching-learning process, as well as restricted fund allocation in MAN Model Banda Aceh.

  18. Assimilating EOS-Aura OMI and MLS Data in GEOS-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawson, Steven; Xu, Philippe; Douglass, Anne R.; Olsen, Mark; Strahan, Susan; Nielsen, J. Eric; McKee, Nicole; Sienkiewicz, Meta; Wargan, Krzysztof

    2009-01-01

    Data assimilation is a potentially powerful method of extracting the maximum amount of information from observed data by combining their information with models. in this application, we will use stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from EOS MLS and total column amounts retrieved from OMI' along with the GEOS-5 GCM, that includes a representation of ozone chemistry and transport. The presentation will discuss how well we can derive tropospheric ozone column information in this system, including its sensitivity to model errors and some assumptions made in the assimilation system. We discuss also ozone structures in the tropopause region and their sensitivity to model resolution and other fact=ors. An important issue we examine is how much more information we obtain from ozone assimilation than from model studies using state of the art chemistry models - answering such questions helps determine how useful ozone assimilation really is, given our present capabilities in chemical modeling.

  19. PERAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA NEGERI

    OpenAIRE

    Agus Tri Susanto; Muhyadi Muhyadi

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah dalam pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru di SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Kabupaten Sleman terkait dengan peran kepala sekolah dan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi program pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan model Miles & Huberman, yang meliputi ...

  20. Evaluasi Program Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran (MGMP Biologi SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Uslimah

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelirian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi program MGMP Biologi SMA di Kabupaten Bantul, yang meKputi: (1 relevansi program dengan kebutuhan peserta, (2 karaktenstikpeserta, (3 materi program, (4 ketersediaan sarana penunjang kegiatan, (5 sistem pengelolaan program, (6 pardsipasi peserta, (7 kualitas pelaksanaan pro­gram, (8 manfeat program bagi guru, (9 keterampilan mengajar guru Biologi setelah mengikud program, dan (10 faktor penghambat maupun penunjang program. Penelirian ini merupakan penelirian evaluasi dengan menggunakan model evaluasi QPP (Context, Input, Process, Product dari Stufflebeam. Subjek penelirian meliputi 20 peserta MGMP Biologi periode 2003/2004,260 siswa SMA kelas X di Kabupaten Bantul, pengelola program kegiatan yang terdiri dari pengurus MGMP, Ketua Musyawarah Kerja Kepala Sekolah (MKKS, dan Pengelola Sanggar Kegiatan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan kuesioner, observasi, dan wawancata terstruktur. Data kuanritatif diolah secara deskripdf dengan batuan program SPSS 11.0for Windows. Penentuan validitas instrumen dilakukan terhadap validitas isi dan konstruk menggunakan analisis faktor. Penentuan reliabilitas mengguna-kan rumus Alpha. Hasil penelirian menunjukkan: (1 program MGMP Biologi relevan dengan kebutuhan peserta; (2 75% peserta adalah guru SMA Negeri, 25% guru SMA Swasta, dan 75% PNS, 25% guru bantu/GTT; (3 ringkat relevansi materi pro­gram MGMP dalam kategon ringgi sebesar 70%; (4 ketersediaan satana penunjang dalam katagori kurang baik sebesar 50%; (5 kesiapan pengelola program maupun peserta dalam katagori baik, (6 ringkat pardsipasi peserta dalam kategon baik (75% - 80%; (7 kualitas pelaksanaan program dalam katagori baik sebesar 70%, dan secara fungsional pelaksana program adalah pengurus beserta anggota MGMP itu sendiri; (8 manfaat program kegiatan MGMP bagi guru Biologi dalam katagori baik sebesar 60%; (9 menurut persepsi siswa, secara umum ringkat keterampilan mengajar guru Biologi setelah mengikuri MGMP dalam

  1. File Specification for the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run, Ganymed Release Non-Hydrostatic 7-km Global Mesoscale Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Arlindo M.; Putman, William; Nattala, J.

    2014-01-01

    This document describes the gridded output files produced by a two-year global, non-hydrostatic mesoscale simulation for the period 2005-2006 produced with the non-hydrostatic version of GEOS-5 Atmospheric Global Climate Model (AGCM). In addition to standard meteorological parameters (wind, temperature, moisture, surface pressure), this simulation includes 15 aerosol tracers (dust, sea-salt, sulfate, black and organic carbon), O3, CO and CO2. This model simulation is driven by prescribed sea-surface temperature and sea-ice, daily volcanic and biomass burning emissions, as well as high-resolution inventories of anthropogenic sources. A description of the GEOS-5 model configuration used for this simulation can be found in Putman et al. (2014). The simulation is performed at a horizontal resolution of 7 km using a cubed-sphere horizontal grid with 72 vertical levels, extending up to to 0.01 hPa (approximately 80 km). For user convenience, all data products are generated on two logically rectangular longitude-latitude grids: a full-resolution 0.0625 deg grid that approximately matches the native cubed-sphere resolution, and another 0.5 deg reduced-resolution grid. The majority of the full-resolution data products are instantaneous with some fields being time-averaged. The reduced-resolution datasets are mostly time-averaged, with some fields being instantaneous. Hourly data intervals are used for the reduced-resolution datasets, while 30-minute intervals are used for the full-resolution products. All full-resolution output is on the model's native 72-layer hybrid sigma-pressure vertical grid, while the reduced-resolution output is given on native vertical levels and on 48 pressure surfaces extending up to 0.02 hPa. Section 4 presents additional details on horizontal and vertical grids. Information of the model surface representation can be found in Appendix B. The GEOS-5 product is organized into file collections that are described in detail in Appendix C. Additional

  2. Kebijakan Sertifikasi Guru (Tawaran Solusi Pendidikan Profesi Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihyani Malik

    2011-04-01

    Pengakuan sebagai seorang profesional dikuatkan dengan terbitnya lembaran negara yang bernama “sertifikat pendidik”. Sebuah impian yang dinantikan oleh kaum “Umar Bakri” di Tanah Air. Namun menjadi sebuah tanda tanya, “apakah menjadi guru profesional cukup dengan sertifikasi?” Menjawab pertanyaan ini perlu dilakukan analisis lebih jauh.

  3. The Modulation of Tropical Storm Activity in the Western North Pacific by the Madden-Julian Oscillation in GEOS-5 AGCM Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dongmin; Lee, Myong-In; Kim, Hye-Mi; Schubert, Siegfried D.; Yoo, Jin Ho

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) on tropical storm (TS) activity in the western North Pacific, using observations and GEOS-5 simulations at 50-km horizontal resolution. While GEOS-5 produces an MJO of faster propagation and weaker amplitude, it nevertheless reproduces the observed modulation of TS activity by the MJO with the highest TS genesis and increased track density in the active phases of MJO. The study suggests that the simulation of the sub-seasonal variability of TS activity could be improved by improving the simulations of the MJO in climate models.

  4. PERSONAL BRANDING OF HOMESCHOOLING TEACHER (PENGALAMAN KOMUNIKASI GURU HOMESCHOOLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aji Zul Hakim

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Homeschooling is an alternative education model for child who find it less suited to formal school. In the development of this model reap the pros and cons in the society. Various attemps were made by institutions and association to change the paradigm of society, on of them by optimizing the role of teacher. Research with phenomenological approach is sought to know the communications behavior of homeschooling teacher. Eight teacher from four homeschooling institutions are involved through some in-depth interviews. In addition, data collection is done through participant obersvation and study of literature. The result showed the meaning of homeschooling affected by their experience in teaching, which affects their act in the form of personal branding, including their communications behaviour in contributing to the socialization of homeschooling. Homeschooling merupakan model pendidikan alternative bagi anak yang merasa kurang cocok dengan sekolah formal. Dalam perkembangannya model pendidikan ini menuai pro dan kontra di masyarakat. Berbagai upaya dilakukan oleh lembaga dan asosiasi untuk merubah paradigma masyarakat, salah satunya dengan optimalisasi peran guru. Penelitian dengan pendekatan fenomenologis ini berupaya mengetahui perilaku komunikasi Guru Homeschooling. Delapan orang Guru Homeschooling dari empat lembaga di Kota Bandung dilibatkan melalui wawancara mendalam. Selain itu, pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi partisipatif dan studi kepustakaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan pemaknaan homeschooling oleh guru dipengaruhi pengalaman mereka selama mengajar, yang mempengaruhi tindak lanjut mereka dalam membentuk personal branding, termasuk perilaku komunikasi mereka dalam berkontribusi pada sosialisasi homeschooling.

  5. PENERAPAN LESSON STUDY UNTUK MENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN MENGAJAR MAHASISWA CALON GURU FISIKA

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    Rif’ati Dina Handayani

    2015-02-01

    ABSTRAK Lesson study merupakan suatu model pengembangan kemampuan mengajar melalui pengkajian pembelajaran secara kolaboratif dan berkelanjutan. Lesson study dilaksanakan dalam tiga tahapan, yaitu plan, do, see yang dilaksanakan secara terstruktur, bersiklus dan berkelanjutan. Dalam penelitian ini subjek dari pelaksanaan lesson study adalah empat orang  mahasiswa calon guru fisika yang sedang melaksanakan PPL di salah satu SMP Negeri di Bondowoso. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan lesson study dapat meningkatkan kemampuan mengajar mahasiswa calon guru fisika dari kriteria kurang baik menjadi kriteria sangat baik. Kata kunci: Calon guru fisika, Lesson Study, Kemampuan Mengajar

  6. Asesmen Kebutuhan Pengembangan Profesionalisme Guru SMK

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    Canni Loren Sianturi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kebutuhan pengembangan profesionalisme guru SMK RSBI. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMKN 3 Malang dengan menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif dan rancangan studi kasus. Instrumen kunci penelitian adalah peneliti sendiri dan informannya adalah guru, siswa, dan orangtua siswa. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan teknik wawancara, observasi, dan studi dokumentasi. Peneliti menggunakan triangulasi, member check, dan expert judgement, untuk menjamin keabsahan temuan penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa berdasarkan karakteristik kompetensi guru, kebutuhan primer pengembangan profesionalisme guru adalah diklat tentang konsep dasar dan penerapan pembelajaran berbasis character building, bilingual, ICT, dan cara melaksanakan PTK, kebutuhan sekundernya adalah workshop strategi peningkatan kinerja dan keterampilan guru dalam berkomunikasi dan bekerja sama dengan stakeholders; berdasarkan bentuk, lokasi, dan waktu pelaksanaan kegiatan pengembangan profesionalismenya dibuat dalam bentuk belajar secara teori dan praktik, dilaksanakan di lokasi yang mudah dijangkau tanpa harus meninggalkan tugas di sekolah dan keluarga, dan intensitasnya ditingkatkan. Kata kunci: asesmen kebutuhan, pengembangan profesionalisme, profesionalisme guru

  7. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN DAN KOMUNIKASI GURU TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR

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    - Husin

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah seberapa besar pengaruh kepemimpinan dan komunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XII jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran yang terdiri dari 77 siswa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh yang positif pada kepemimpinan guru dan komunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa. Dalam upaya meningkatkan motivasi belajar siwa hendaknya kepemimpinan guru diterapkan pada siswa sehingga guru dapat membimbing dan mendorong siswa untuk lebih giat belajar, guru diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kemampuan komunikasinya agar pada saat penyampaian materi dapat diterima siwa dengan baik. Kata Kunci : Motivasi Belajar, Kepemimpinan Guru, Komunikasi Guru

  8. CATS Near Real Time Data Products: Applications for Assimilation into the NASA GEOS-5 AGCM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowottnick, E. P.; Hlavka, D. L.; Yorks, J. E.; da Silva, A. M., Jr.; McGill, M. J.; Palm, S. P.; Selmer, P. A.; Pauly, R.; Ozog, S.

    2017-12-01

    Since February 2015, the NASA Cloud-Aerosol Transport System (CATS) backscatter lidar has been operating on the International Space Station (ISS) as a technology demonstration for future Earth Science Missions, providing vertical measurements of cloud and aerosols properties. Owing to its location on the ISS, a cornerstone technology demonstration of CATS is the capability to acquire, process, and disseminate near-real time (NRT) data within 6 hours of observation time. Here, we present CATS NRT data products and outline improved CATS algorithms used to discriminate clouds from aerosols, and subsequently identify cloud and aerosol type. CATS NRT data has several applications, including providing notification of hazardous events for air traffic control and air quality advisories, field campaign flight planning, as well as for constraining cloud and aerosol distributions in via data assimilation in aerosol transport models. Recent developments in aerosol data assimilation techniques have permitted the assimilation of aerosol optical thickness (AOT), a 2-dimensional column integrated quantity that is reflective of the simulated aerosol loading in aerosol transport models. While this capability has greatly improved simulated AOT forecasts, the vertical position, a key control on aerosol transport, is often not impacted when 2-D AOT is assimilated. Here, we also present preliminary efforts to assimilate CATS observations into the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model and assimilation system using a 1-D Variational (1-D VAR) approach, demonstrating the utility of CATS for future Earth Science Missions.

  9. CATS Near Real Time Data Products: Applications for Assimilation Into the NASA GEOS-5 AGCM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlavka, D. L.; Nowottnick, E. P.; Yorks, J. E.; Da Silva, A.; McGill, M. J.; Palm, S. P.; Selmer, P. A.; Pauly, R. M.; Ozog, S.

    2017-01-01

    From February 2015 through October 2017, the NASA Cloud-Aerosol Transport System (CATS) backscatter lidar operated on the International Space Station (ISS) as a technology demonstration for future Earth Science Missions, providing vertical measurements of cloud and aerosols properties. Owing to its location on the ISS, a cornerstone technology demonstration of CATS was the capability to acquire, process, and disseminate near-real time (NRT) data within 6 hours of observation time. CATS NRT data has several applications, including providing notification of hazardous events for air traffic control and air quality advisories, field campaign flight planning, as well as for constraining cloud and aerosol distributions in via data assimilation in aerosol transport models.   Recent developments in aerosol data assimilation techniques have permitted the assimilation of aerosol optical thickness (AOT), a 2-dimensional column integrated quantity that is reflective of the simulated aerosol loading in aerosol transport models. While this capability has greatly improved simulated AOT forecasts, the vertical position, a key control on aerosol transport, is often not impacted when 2-D AOT is assimilated. Here, we present preliminary efforts to assimilate CATS aerosol observations into the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model and assimilation system using a 1-D Variational (1-D VAR) ensemble approach, demonstrating the utility of CATS for future Earth Science Missions.

  10. Using GEOS-5 Atmospheric Transport Simulations to Test the Consistency of Land- and Ocean- Carbon Fluxes with CO2 Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, L. E.; Pawson, S.; Zhu, Z.; Brix, H.; Collatz, G. J.; Gregg, W. W.; Hill, C. N.; Menemenlis, D.; Potter, C. S.; Bowman, K. W.; Dutkiewicz, S.; Eldering, A.; Fisher, J. B.; Follows, M. J.; Gunson, M. R.; Jucks, K. W.; Kawa, S. R.; Liu, J.; Lee, M.

    2011-12-01

    Many components of the carbon cycle are constrained by a variety of remote sensing measurements. Observations of land surface parameters constrain estimates of carbon flux from terrestrial biosphere models while estimates of oceanic carbon fluxes are informed by satellite observations of ocean color and ocean properties. Atmospheric CO2 concentrations, which are governed by the balance of terrestrial, oceanic, and anthropogenic fluxes, are observed from space by an expanding suite of instruments (AIRS, TES, and GOSAT) in addition to being monitored by an extensive global network of surface stations. Additionally, atmospheric transport patterns simulated by NASA's GEOS-5 data analysis system are strongly influenced by observations of atmospheric state variables. NASA's Carbon Monitoring System Flux Pilot Project was created to quantify the constraints placed on carbon flux estimates by the current observing system and to assess what additional observational needs are required for future monitoring and attribution efforts. To this end, we have conducted an ensemble of GEOS-5 modeling studies using different combinations of two sets of land (NASA-CASA, CASA-GFED) and two sets of ocean (NOBM, ECCO2/Darwin) fluxes. Results from this ensemble of simulations are sampled at locations consistent with NOAA GMD and TCCON surface networks as well as locations of AIRS, TES, and GOSAT overpasses to quantify how surface flux uncertainty may be observed by different observing systems. Additionally, an ensemble of GEOS-5 simulations with alterations to subgrid-scale transport parameterizations is analyzed to compare model transport uncertainty with flux uncertainty. Our results indicate that uncertainty in both land and ocean flux estimates can introduce a large degree of variability into atmospheric CO2 distributions and that the magnitude of these differences is observable by existing satellite and in situ platforms. In contrast, transport uncertainty introduced by subgrid

  11. PENGARUH PELATIHAN GURU, KOMPETENSI GURU DAN PEMANFAATAN SARANA PRASARANA TERHADAP KESIAPAN GURU PRODI BISNIS MANAJEMEN DALAM IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Septian Fuji Yama

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Kurikulum 2013 merupakan kurikulum yang saat ini diterapkan di Indonesia. Kurikulum 2013 membawa perubahan mendasar pada guru dalam pembelajaran. Oleh karena itu guru dituntut untuk menyiapkan dirinya dalam melaksanakan kurikulum 2013. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Populasi dan sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah guru prodi bisnis manajemen di SMK N 1 Purbalingga Tahun Ajaran 2014/2015 yaitu guru program pendidikan akuntansi, administrasi perkantoran, dan pemasaran berjumlah 24 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu sampel jenuh. Metode yang digunakan dalam dalam pengambilan data adalah angket. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif persentase dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini secara statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh secara simultan dan parsial pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah guru harus berupaya menambah wawasan mengenai kurikulum 2013 dan guru lebih mengembangkan kompetensi kepribadiannya serta guru harus mempersiapkan dirinya untuk memahami pemanfaatan sumber belajar. Curriculum 2013 is the curriculum applied in Indonesia recently. It brings fundamental changes in teachers’ teaching and learning. Thus, teachers are required to prepare themselves in implementing curriculum 2013. The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is influence of teacher training, teacher competence, and infrastructure towards manajement business department teacher’s readiness in curriculum 2013 implementation in SMK N 1 Purbalingga. The population of this study was manajement business department teachers in

  12. Tropospheric Column Ozone Response to ENSO in GEOS-5 Assimilation of OMI and MLS Ozone Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Mark A.; Wargan, Krzysztof; Pawson, Steven

    2016-01-01

    We use GEOS-5 analyses of Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) ozone observations to investigate the magnitude and spatial distribution of the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) influence on tropospheric column ozone (TCO) into the middle latitudes. This study provides the first explicit spatially resolved characterization of the ENSO influence and demonstrates coherent patterns and teleconnections impacting the TCO in the extratropics. The response is evaluated and characterized by both the variance explained and sensitivity of TCO to the Nino 3.4 index. The tropospheric response in the tropics agrees well with previous studies and verifies the analyses. A two-lobed response symmetric about the Equator in the western Pacific/Indonesian region seen in some prior studies and not in others is confirmed here. This two-lobed response is consistent with the large-scale vertical transport. We also find that the large-scale transport in the tropics dominates the response compared to the small-scale convective transport. The ozone response is weaker in the middle latitudes, but a significant explained variance of the TCO is found over several small regions, including the central United States. However, the sensitivity of TCO to the Nino 3.4 index is statistically significant over a large area of the middle latitudes. The sensitivity maxima and minima coincide with anomalous anti-cyclonic and cyclonic circulations where the associated vertical transport is consistent with the sign of the sensitivity. Also, ENSO related changes to the mean tropopause height can contribute significantly to the midlatitude response. Comparisons to a 22-year chemical transport model simulation demonstrate that these results from the 9- year assimilation are representative of the longer term. This investigation brings insight to several seemingly disparate prior studies of the El Nino influence on tropospheric ozone in the middle latitudes.

  13. Prediction and Predictability of the Madden Julian Oscillation in the NASA GEOS-5 Seasonal-to-Subseasonal System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achuthavarier, Deepthi; Koster, Randal; Marshak, Jelena; Schubert, Siegfried; Molod, Andrea

    2018-01-01

    In this study, we examine the prediction skill and predictability of the Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO) in a recent version of the NASA GEOS-5 atmosphere-ocean coupled model run at at 1/2 degree horizontal resolution. The results are based on a suite of hindcasts produced as part of the NOAA SubX project, consisting of seven ensemble members initialized every 5 days for the period 1999-2015. The atmospheric initial conditions were taken from the Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2), and the ocean and the sea ice were taken from a GMAO ocean analysis. The land states were initialized from the MERRA-2 land output, which is based on observation-corrected precipitation fields. We investigated the MJO prediction skill in terms of the bivariate correlation coefficient for the real-time multivariate MJO (RMM) indices. The correlation coefficient stays at or above 0.5 out to forecast lead times of 26-36 days, with a pronounced increase in skill for forecasts initialized from phase 3, when the MJO convective anomaly is located in the central tropical Indian Ocean. A corresponding estimate of the upper limit of the predictability is calculated by considering a single ensemble member as the truth and verifying the ensemble mean of the remaining members against that. The predictability estimates fall between 35-37 days (taken as forecast lead when the correlation reaches 0.5) and are rather insensitive to the initial MJO phase. The model shows slightly higher skill when the initial conditions contain strong MJO events compared to weak events, although the difference in skill is evident only from lead 1 to 20. Similar to other models, the RMM-index-based skill arises mostly from the circulation components of the index. The skill of the convective component of the index drops to 0.5 by day 20 as opposed to day 30 for circulation fields. The propagation of the MJO anomalies over the Maritime Continent does not appear problematic in

  14. ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN GURU KIMIA TERHADAP MATERIAL KURIKULUM MODEL “ATK” DAN POLA EDUKASI “ADIR”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momo Rosbiono

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research initiated from the problems there are low quality of chemistry teacher comprehend in academic knowledge. The main goals of this research was to comprehend what model of ”Curriculum Materials” (CM and “Amalgamation Teacher Knowledge” (ATK educative framework were needed by chemistry teacher?. The research conducted by using descriptive method which express phenomenon are there him. The subject of this research were the Candidate of Chemistry Teachers which out-going in program of Profession Training and Education (PTE at Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education, Indonesia University of Education and Chemistry Teachers from Group Discussion of Chemistry Teacher (GDCT at Karawang. The data were collected through questionnaires and analysis form of teacher academic needs. The data analysis technique worked through qualitative and quantitative techniques. Based on the empirical and theoretical analysis the research findings which resulted were: (1 The CM with ATK model was relevance with academic chemistry teacher needs, this model illustrated the integration of essential concepts of curriculum, chemistry subject matter, chemistry teaching, professional development of chemistry teacher, and academic skills of chemistry teacher through “key formulas”; (2 the CM structure that relevance for chemistry teacher academic needs was included the objectives formulation, subject matter description, questions, training tasks, and answer keys; (3 the CM content that relevance for chemistry teacher academic needs was included the essential concepts of curriculum, chemistry content, chemistry teaching, professional development of chemistry teacher, and academic skills of chemistry teacher; (4 the educative framework that effectively for using CM was guidance and training through the mechanism of “absorbing, doing, interacting, and reflecting” (ADIR. Key words: curriculum material, ATK model, ADIR

  15. ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN GURU KIMIA TERHADAP MATERIAL KURIKULUM MODEL “ATK” DAN POLA EDUKASI “ADIR”

    OpenAIRE

    Momo Rosbiono

    2011-01-01

    This research initiated from the problems there are low quality of chemistry teacher comprehend in academic knowledge. The main goals of this research was to comprehend what model of ”Curriculum Materials” (CM) and “Amalgamation Teacher Knowledge” (ATK) educative framework were needed by chemistry teacher?. The research conducted by using descriptive method which express phenomenon are there him. The subject of this research were the Candidate of Chemistry Teachers which out-going in program ...

  16. PERILAKU PROFESIONAL GURU PROGRESIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmuri Darma

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Teachers play a leading role and occupy a very crucial position in the world of education, especially education organized formally in both schools and madrasah. Therefore, the constitutional existence of teachers has been regulated in Law no. 14 of 2005 on teachers and lecturers. The law requires a number of teacher competencies as professional educators. Although formally the teacher is regarded as a professional educator, but in practice in the field various types and behavioral models presented by the teacher in realizing the duties and responsibilities of his profession as a teacher is mainly reflected in the learning activities in the classroom. There are behavioral behavior of teachers who are stagnant even tend to decline and there is also the behavior of teachers who experience improvement and progress. The latter is what is referred to as progressive professional behavior.

  17. PROFIL PENGEMBANGAN PROFESIONAL GURU

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    Budi Sutrisno

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is to describe the developent of pedagogical competence, professional competence, personal competence, and social competence of the International Standard Pioneer School in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung. The focus in this study were teacher professional development  of the international  standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung, by observing the development of pedagogical competence, competence professional, personal competence, and social competence of the international   standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung. The study is the qualitative research with the ethnography approach. This research was conducted in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung year 2010/2011, the source of the data  obtained  from  the  principal,  vice  principal,  head  of  the  International  Standard Pioneer School programs, teachers, librarians, and students. Data collected by in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. Validity of the data was done by triangulation techniques. Analysis of the data used is a model of interactive analysis.   The results of this research can be concluded that the development of pedagogical competence of teachers  of the international   standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung teachers include longer emphasizes the management aspects of learning, the development of  professional competence include the  aspect  of  improving the  skills  and  aspects of knowledge, competence development aspects of personality include mental, spiritual, and the  formation  of  professional  ethics  that  provides  a  change  in  attitude  teachers  in managing learning, while the component that was developed in the social competence includes the development of emotional intelligence, and development of teachers' roles in professional organizations (MGMP. Developed in the fourth aspect is the competence of the teacher

  18. The Global Structure of UTLS Ozone in GEOS-5: A Multi-Year Assimilation of EOS Aura Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wargan, Krzysztof; Pawson, Steven; Olsen, Mark A.; Witte, Jacquelyn C.; Douglass, Anne R.; Ziemke, Jerald R.; Strahan, Susan E.; Nielsen, J. Eric

    2015-01-01

    Eight years of ozone measurements retrieved from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and the Microwave Limb Sounder, both on the EOS Aura satellite, have been assimilated into the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) data assimilation system. This study thoroughly evaluates this assimilated product, highlighting its potential for science. The impact of observations on the GEOS-5 system is explored by examining the spatial distribution of the observation-minus-forecast statistics. Independent data are used for product validation. The correlation coefficient of the lower-stratospheric ozone column with ozonesondes is 0.99 and the bias is 0.5%, indicating the success of the assimilation in reproducing the ozone variability in that layer. The upper-tropospheric assimilated ozone column is about 10% lower than the ozonesonde column but the correlation is still high (0.87). The assimilation is shown to realistically capture the sharp cross-tropopause gradient in ozone mixing ratio. Occurrence of transport-driven low ozone laminae in the assimilation system is similar to that obtained from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) above the 400 K potential temperature surface but the assimilation produces fewer laminae than seen by HIRDLS below that surface. Although the assimilation produces 5 - 8 fewer occurrences per day (up to approximately 20%) during the three years of HIRDLS data, the interannual variability is captured correctly. This data-driven assimilated product is complementary to ozone fields generated from chemistry and transport models. Applications include study of the radiative forcing by ozone and tracer transport near the tropopause.

  19. Horizontal Variability of Water and Its Relationship to Cloud Fraction near the Tropical Tropopause: Using Aircraft Observations of Water Vapor to Improve the Representation of Grid-scale Cloud Formation in GEOS-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selkirk, Henry B.; Molod, Andrea M.

    2014-01-01

    Large-scale models such as GEOS-5 typically calculate grid-scale fractional cloudiness through a PDF parameterization of the sub-gridscale distribution of specific humidity. The GEOS-5 moisture routine uses a simple rectangular PDF varying in height that follows a tanh profile. While below 10 km this profile is informed by moisture information from the AIRS instrument, there is relatively little empirical basis for the profile above that level. ATTREX provides an opportunity to refine the profile using estimates of the horizontal variability of measurements of water vapor, total water and ice particles from the Global Hawk aircraft at or near the tropopause. These measurements will be compared with estimates of large-scale cloud fraction from CALIPSO and lidar retrievals from the CPL on the aircraft. We will use the variability measurements to perform studies of the sensitivity of the GEOS-5 cloud-fraction to various modifications to the PDF shape and to its vertical profile.

  20. KAJIAN LITERASI SAINS CALON GURU KIMIA PADA ASPEK KONTEKS APLIKASI DAN PROSES SAINS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evi Sapinatul Bahriah

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran berbasis masalah terhadap peningkatan literasi sains calon guru kimia pada aspek konteks aplikasi dan proses sains. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode weak experimental dengan desain The One-Group Pretest-Postest Design. Subjek penelitian adalah mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Kimia Semester 2 Tahun Ajar 2013/2014 FITK UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta. Instrumen penelitian berupa lembar tes literasi sains dalam bentuk soal esai. Data yang diperoleh berupa nilai rata-rata N-Gain (%. Hasil uji coba menunjukkan literasi sains calon guru kimia setelah pembelajaran dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah (Problem Based Learning mengalami peningkatan. Pada aspek konteks aplikasi sains terjadi peningkatan sebesar 42,49% (kategori sedang dan pada aspek proses sains terjadi peningkatan sebesar 50,29% (kategori sedang. Kata Kunci: Literasi Sains, Aspek Konteks Aplikasi Sains, Aspek Proses Sains, Weak Experimental, Calon Guru Kimia.

  1. HUBUNGAN IKLIM ORGANISASI SEKOLAH, KECERDASAN EMOSIONAL GURU, DAN PENGETAHUAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DENGAN PROFESIONALISME GURU SMK PRODUKTIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haryono Suhendro

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available One of main problem in educational world is professionalism of the teacher, which is the sufficient of standard competency of the teacher. This research is aimed to describe the correlation between the school organization climate, emotional intelligence of the teachers and knowledge of information technology, and industry and professionalism of the productive teachers at vocational school in Indramayu. The research uses correlation approach where population data is the productive teachers from 10 State Vocational High Schools of Technology and Industry in Indramayu. Results of this research show that there is significant relation between school organization climate, teacher emotional intelligence, information technology knowledge, and professionalism of productive teachers. Salah satu masalah dalam dunia pendidikan adalah profesionalisme guru, yaitu kecukupan kompetensi standar yang dimiliki guru. Peneliti­an ini ditujukan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara iklim akademik sekolah, kecerdasan emosional guru dan pengetahuan tentang teknologi informasi dan industri dengan pro­fesionalisme guru produktif SMK di Indramayu. Penelitian ini menggunakan pen­dekatan korelasional. Data populasi penelitian adalah guru produktif dari 10 sekolah menengah kejuruan dan industri negeri di Indramayu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara iklim organisasi sekolah, kecerdasan emosional guru, dan pengetahuan tekno­logi informasi dengan profesionalisme dari guru produktif.

  2. Connecting Satellite Observations with Water Cycle Variables Through Land Data Assimilation: Examples Using the NASA GEOS-5 LDAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichle, Rolf H.; De Lannoy, Gabrielle J. M.; Forman, Barton A.; Draper, Clara S.; Liu, Qing

    2013-01-01

    A land data assimilation system (LDAS) can merge satellite observations (or retrievals) of land surface hydrological conditions, including soil moisture, snow, and terrestrial water storage (TWS), into a numerical model of land surface processes. In theory, the output from such a system is superior to estimates based on the observations or the model alone, thereby enhancing our ability to understand, monitor, and predict key elements of the terrestrial water cycle. In practice, however, satellite observations do not correspond directly to the water cycle variables of interest. The present paper addresses various aspects of this seeming mismatch using examples drawn from recent research with the ensemble-based NASA GEOS-5 LDAS. These aspects include (1) the assimilation of coarse-scale observations into higher-resolution land surface models, (2) the partitioning of satellite observations (such as TWS retrievals) into their constituent water cycle components, (3) the forward modeling of microwave brightness temperatures over land for radiance-based soil moisture and snow assimilation, and (4) the selection of the most relevant types of observations for the analysis of a specific water cycle variable that is not observed (such as root zone soil moisture). The solution to these challenges involves the careful construction of an observation operator that maps from the land surface model variables of interest to the space of the assimilated observations.

  3. Peningkatan Pengetahuan Dan Keterampilan Guru SD Muhammadiyah 4 Batu Dalam Mengelola Pembelajaran ABK melalui Lesson Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Poerwanti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Anak-anak dengan kebutuhan khusus (ABK yang dikenal sebagai anak-anak cacat, atau anak-anak yang luar biasa, anak-anak yaitu yang menyimpang secara signifikan dari kriteria normal, baik dari aspek fisik, psikologis, emosional dan sosial. Mulai tahun 2001, pemerintah mulai program pendidikan inklusif, pendidikan inklusif adalah untuk memasukkan anak-anak dengan kebutuhan khusus belajar bersama dengan anak normal di kelas dan sekolah reguler. Masalahnya, guru di sekolah reguler tidak berpendidikan dan dipersiapkan khusus untuk mengelola proses belajar mengajar untuk ABK. Masalah juga dialami oleh SD Muhammadiyah 4 Batu, untuk membantu memecahkan masalah tim FKIP menerapkan aktivitas Lesson Study untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan guru dan keterampilan dalam mengelola ABK pembelajaran individual Lesson study yang dilakukan dalam tiga siklus yang dikemas dalam tiga model pembelajaran; ABK belajar sendiri di kelas khusus, pengajaran dan pembelajaran di kelas reguler dan pengajaran dan pembelajaran ABK di kelas reguler dengan bantuan GPK. Setiap siklus terdiri dari beberapa kegiatan. Studi pelajaran terdiri dari empat kegiatan yang disingkat PDCA; P (rencana atau perencanaan, D (lakukan adalah pelaksanaan pembelajaran oleh seorang guru sebagai model dan diamati oleh guru lainnya, C (cek merupakan cerminan dari perbaikan lebih lanjut proses pembelajaran, dan A (tindak adalah tindak lanjut.  Dari tiga tahapan pelaksanaan proses belajar mengajar ABK dapat memberikan manfaat bagi para guru untuk meningkatkan pemahaman dan keterampilan untuk mengelola pembelajaran untuk ABK. Melalui Lesson Study diharapkan ABK mendapatkan layanan yang tepat dan belajar yang optimal. Beberapa temuan dampak pada perilaku siswa di kelas adalah bahwa siswa dapat menerima keberadaan ABK di. Meskipun keterbatasan kelas fasilitas guru mendapatkan pengalaman berharga yang terkait dengan pengembangan pembelajaran melalui forum ABK Lesson Study. Jadi kebutuhan untuk pelaksanaan tindak

  4. English Math For Kindergarten Bagi Guru-Guru Paud Nurul Ilmi Di Kecamatan Tembalang Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ririn Ambarini

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi yang akan di transfer kepada guru-guru PAUD Nurul Ilmi?é?á ?é?áSemarang adalah pelatihan bagaimana menerapkan pembelajaran English for Math untuk anak usia dini dan dengan materi Mathematics: What your Child Wil be Workig on in Kindergarten, Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Anak Usia Dini, Pembelajaran Bilingual untuk Anak Usia Dini, dan English Math for Early Childhood Education. Dengan adanya IbM English Math for Kindergarten Students?é?á?é?á sebagai game edukasi sekaligus?é?á ?é?áteaching aids maka diharapkan akan memberikan kontribusi bagi guru-guru PAUD untuk lebih mengembangkan ide-ide kreatif dalam mengajar sehingga suasana pembelajaran lebih menyenangkan selain juga memupuk kreatifitas dan mengembangkan potensi serta semangat belajar anak usia dini. ?é?á Kata kunci: English for Math, Pembelajaran, Anak Usia Dini.

  5. Global environment outlook GEO5. Environment for the future we want

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-05-15

    The main goal of UNEP's Global Environment Outlook (GEO) is to keep governments and stakeholders informed of the state and trends of the global environment. Over the past 15 years, the GEO reports have examined a wealth of data, information and knowledge about the global environment; identified potential policy responses; and provided an outlook for the future. The assessments, and their consultative and collaborative processes, have worked to bridge the gap between science and policy by turning the best available scientific knowledge into information relevant for decision makers. The GEO-5 report is made up of 17 chapters organized into three distinct but linked parts. Part 1 - State and trends of the global environment; Part 2 - Policy options from the regions; Part 3 - Opportunities for a global response.

  6. Performance of McRAS-AC in the GEOS-5 AGCM: aerosol-cloud-microphysics, precipitation, cloud radiative effects, and circulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. C. Sud

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A revised version of the Microphysics of clouds with Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert and Aerosol-Cloud interaction scheme (McRAS-AC including, among others, a new ice nucleation parameterization, is implemented in the GEOS-5 AGCM. Various fields from a 10-yr-long integration of the AGCM with McRAS-AC are compared with their counterparts from an integration of the baseline GEOS-5 AGCM, as well as satellite observations. Generally McRAS-AC simulations have smaller biases in cloud fields and cloud radiative effects over most of the regions of the Earth than the baseline GEOS-5 AGCM. Two systematic biases are identified in the McRAS-AC runs: one is underestimation of cloud particle numbers around 40° S–60° S, and one is overestimate of cloud water path during the Northern Hemisphere summer over the Gulf Stream and North Pacific. Sensitivity tests show that these biases potentially originate from biases in the aerosol input. The first bias is largely eliminated in a test run using 50% smaller radius of sea-salt aerosol particles, while the second bias is substantially reduced when interactive aerosol chemistry is turned on. The main weakness of McRAS-AC is the dearth of low-level marine stratus clouds, a probable outcome of lack of explicit dry-convection in the cloud scheme. Nevertheless, McRAS-AC largely simulates realistic clouds and their optical properties that can be improved further with better aerosol input. An assessment using the COSP simulator in a 1-yr integration provides additional perspectives for understanding cloud optical property differences between the baseline and McRAS-AC simulations and biases against satellite data. Overall, McRAS-AC physically couples aerosols, the microphysics and macrophysics of clouds, and their radiative effects and thereby has better potential to be a valuable tool for climate modeling research.

  7. Pelaksanaan Quantum Teaching untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Pedagogik Guru Sekolah Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Abdul Ghofur

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru melalui pelaksanaan quantum teaching di SD Irsyaadul Ibaad Lampung Timur. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian peningkatan dengan melakukan pendekatan kualitatif. Penelitian peningkatan ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan penelitian tindakan sekolah yang mempunyai alur kegiatan bersiklus yaitu: refkelsi awal perencanaan tindakan, pelaksanaan tindakan dan observasi, refleksi, dan evaluasi. Hasil penelitian yang didapat adalah bahwa dengan pelaksanaan quantum teaching dapat meningkatkan kompetensi pedagogik guru. Berdasar hasil temuan disarankan bahwa: (1 Program pembinaan guru harus dilaksanakan secara berkelanjutan, terutama berkaitan dengan metode, strategi pembelajaran, serta perkembangan teknologi; (2 Kepala sekolah perlu selalu menjaga motivasi guru dalam mengajar untuk selalu meningkatkan kualitas pendidikan; (3 Guru hendaknya selalu meningkatkan kompetensi pedagogik dan kinerjanya melalui kegiatan di dalam maupun di luar sekolah; (4 Perlu adanya pemanfaatan teknologi untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru.

  8. Membangun Pedagogical Content Knowledge Calon Guru Fisika Melalui Praktek Pengalaman Lapangan Berbasis Lesson Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia Yuliati

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is a study about the importance of pedagogical content knowledge (PCK for prospective physics teachers of through teaching practice based on lesson study. PCK is an important aspect in the process of equipping prospective teachers are influenced by various factors. Teaching practice based on lesson study is an alternative model of PCK briefing on prospective physics teachers. It is supported by the results of studies  that PCK of prospective physics teachers may be affected by their experience of learning and teaching for a college education. Keywords: pedagogical content knowledge, teaching practice, lesson study Artikel merupakan kajian tentang pentingnya pedagogical content knowledge (PCK untuk calon guru Fisika melalui praktek pengalaman lapangan (PPL berbasis lesson study. PCK merupakan aspek penting dalam proses pembekalan calon guru yang dipengaruhi oleh berbagai faktor. PPL berbasis lesson study menjadi salah satu alternatif model pembekalan PCK pada calon guru. Hal ini didukung hasil-hasil penelitian yang menunjukkan bahwa PCK calon guru dapat dipengaruhi oleh pengalaman melaksanakan pembelajaran dan proses palatihan selama pendidikan di perguruan tinggi. Kata Kunci: pedagogical content knowledge, praktek pengalaman lapangan, lesson study

  9. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU DENGAN PENDEKATAN ANALYSIS HIERARCHY PROCESS

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    Reni Daharti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Seorang guru sebagai seorang pendidik merupakan komponen penting dalam proses pendidikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1 menganalisis profil guru SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal, (2 menganalisis prioritas kebijakan dalam meningkatkan kompetensi guru di daerah penelitian, (3 menentukan strategi untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru melalui prioritas kebijakan yang dapat diterapkan di daerah penelitian. Respondennya adalah 33 guru SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal. Mereka dipilih dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Selain itu 15 orang dipilih untuk menjadi keyperson. Statistik Deskriptif dan Analisis Hierarchy Process digunakan untuk menganalisis data dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kompetensi pedagogik dan kompetensi profesional guru adalah moderat dan guru memiliki kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial yang tinggi. Hal yang harus ditingkatkan adalah kompetensi guru. Prioritas utama dalam meningkatkan kompetensi guru di Kabupaten Tegal adalah (1 memilih moralitas calon guru 2 menyaring kualitas guru (3 mengirim guru untuk mengikuti berbagai pelatihan untuk meningkatkan karakter mereka.A teacher as an educator is an important component in the educational process. This study aims to (1 analyze the teacher profile of SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal,  (2 analyze the policy priorities in improving the competence of teachers in the study area, (3 determine the strategies for enhancing the competence of teachers through the policy priorities that can be applied in the study area. There are 33 junior high school teachers of SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal as the respondents. They were selected by using simple random sampling. Then, there are also15 key persons. Descriptive Statistics and Analysis Hierarchy Process were used to analyze the data in the study. The results show that pedagogical competence and professional competence are moderate and the teachers have high personality and social competence. The thing that should be

  10. KINERJA GURU SEJARAH: STUDI KAUSAL PADA GURU-GURU SEJARAH SMA DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwito Eko Pramono

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to understand the direct effect of organizational cultures towards performance, leadership towards performance, motivation towards performance, organizational cultures towards motivation, and leadership towards motivation. The sample of those research was 60 history teachers randomly selected. Data collection is carried out with instruments that have been tested for validity and reliability empirically. Data were analyzed with path analysis techniques. The analysis of the results has been obtained the path coefficient , that is ρ41 = 0.226; ρ42 = 0.368; ρ43 = 0.337; ρ31 = 0.330, and ρ32 = 0.570. The result of significance test for each path coefficient is obtained at the price of 2,386 t; 3.510; 3.466; 3.544, and 6.124. While price t table on α 0.05 is 1.986.  Based on the statistical analysis can be concluded that: (1 there is a direct influence of organizational culture towards performance, (2 there is a direct effect of leadership towards performance, (3 there is a direct effect of motivation towards performance, (4 there is a direct influence of organizational culture towards motivation, and (5 there is a direct effect of leadership towards motivation. Keywords: organizational culture, leadership, motivation, performance. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh langsung budaya organisasi terhadap kinerja, kepemimpinan terhadap kinerja, motivasi terhadap kinerja, budaya organisasi terhadap motivasi, dan kepemimpinan terhadap motivasi. Sampel penelitian ini berjumlah 60 orang guru sejarah yang dipilih secara random. Pengumpulan data dilaksanakan dengan instrumen yang telah diuji validitas dan reliabilitasnya secara empiris. Data penelitian dianalisis dengan teknik analisis jalur. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh koefisien jalur sebagai berikut ρ41 = 0,226; ρ42 = 0,368; ρ43 = 0,337; ρ31 = 0,330; dan ρ32 = 0,570.  Hasil uji signifikansi masing-masing koefisien jalur diperoleh harga t sebesar 2,386; 3

  11. Does Guru Granth Sahib describe depression?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalra, Gurvinder; Bhui, Kamaldeep; Bhugra, Dinesh

    2013-01-01

    Sikhism is a relatively young religion, with Guru Granth Sahib as its key religious text. This text describes emotions in everyday life, such as happiness, sadness, anger, hatred, and also more serious mental health issues such as depression and psychosis. There are references to the causation of these emotional disturbances and also ways to get out of them. We studied both the Gurumukhi version and the English translation of the Guru Granth Sahib to understand what it had to say about depression, its henomenology, and religious prescriptions for recovery. We discuss these descriptions in this paper and understand its meaning within the context of clinical depression. Such knowledge is important as explicit descriptions about depression and sadness can help encourage culturally appropriate assessment and treatment, as well as promote public health through education.

  12. Kepribadian Guru PAI dan Tantangan Globalisasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Susanna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Education is the process of changing attitudes and code of conduct of a person or group of people within the framework of human mature through teaching and training efforts. Behavior is a very important factor in the success of a teacher as an agent in learning. Teacher's personality will determine whether he be a good educator and mentor for the students. The phenomenon shows that globalization, especially those that are negative, if not careful will destroy the young generation with deviant behaviors. Abstrak Pendidikan merupakan proses pengubahan sikap dan tata laku seseorang atau kelompok orang dalam usaha mendewasakan manusia melalui upaya pengajaran dan latihan. Kepribadian merupakan faktor yang sangat penting dalam kesuksesan seorang guru sebagai agen dalam pembelajaran. Kepribadian seorang guru akan menentukan apakah ia menjadi pendidik dan pembina yang baik bagi anak didiknya. Fenomena menunjukan bahwa arus globalisasi, terutama yang bersifat negative, bila tidak hati-hati akan menghancurkan generasi muda dengan perilaku-perilaku yang menyimpang. Kata Kunci: Kepribadian Guru PAI dan Globalisasi

  13. Comments on "Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Scott A.

    2010-01-01

    Considerable attention has been given to the potential negative impacts of the Saharan air layer (SAL) in recent years. Researchers recently raised questions about the negative impacts of Dunion and Velden and other studies in terms of storms that reached at least tropical storm strength and suggested that the SAL was an intrinsic part of the tropical cyclone environment for both storms that weaken after formation and those that intensify. Braun also suggested that several incorrect assumptions underlie many of the studies on the negative impacts of the SAL, including assumptions that most low-to-midlevel dry tropical air is SAL air, that the SAL is dry throughout its depth, and that the proximity of the SAL to storms struggling to intensify implies some role in that struggle. The recent paper by Reale et al.(RL1) is an example of the problems inherent in some of these assumptions. In their paper, RL1 analyze a simulation from the Global Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) global model and describe an extensive tongue of warm, dry air that stretches southward from at least 30 deg N (the northern limit of their plots) and wraps into a low pressure system during the period 26-29 August 2006, suppressing convection and possibly development of the African easterly wave associated with that low pressure system. They attributed the warm, dry tongue to the SAL (i.e., heating of the air mass during passage over the Sahara and radiative warming of the dust layer). Whether it was their intention, the implication is that this entire feature is due solely to the SAL and not to other possible sources of dry air or warmth. In addition, they suggested that a cool tongue of air in the boundary layer located directly beneath the elevated warm, dry tongue (forming a thermal dipole) was possibly the result of reduced solar radiation caused by an overlying dust layer. They stated that "the cool anomaly in the lower levels does not have any plausible explanation relying only on transport

  14. ANTESEDEN KOMITMEN ORGANISASIONAL DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KINERJA TUGAS (JOB PERFORMANCE GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harif Amali Rivai

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe current research examines fit model of relationships among antecedents of organizational commitment (i.e. perceived organizational support, participative leadership style, psychological empowerment and its impact on job performance of teachers. A theoretical model was estimated using senior high school teachers in Padang. Anonym questionnaires were distributed to maintain confidentiality of the respondents. Two hundred eighty two respondents voluntarily participated and included into statistical analysis. The results of testing model using AMOS 16 found that parti¬cipative leadership style and perceived organizational support have significant effect on organiza¬tional commitment of the teachers. Organizational commitment also demonstrated significant im¬pact on job performance of teachers. Meanwhile, psychological empowerment did not significantly influence on organizational commitment. This study provides insight to help police makers how to improve tearchers’ performance. Implication of the research was also discussed in this study.Key words:Perceived organizational support, participative leadership, psychologival empower¬ment, organizational commitment, job performance.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji ketepatan model yang menjelaskan anteseden komitmen organisasional (persepsi atas dukungan organisasional, gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif, pemberdayaan psikologis dan dampaknya terhadap kinerja tugas guru. Model teoritis penelitian diestimasi dengan menggunakan sampel dari guru-guru yang mengajar pada Sekolah Menengah Atas di kota Padang. Kuesioner tanpa nama (anonym didistribusikan untuk menjaga kerahasiaan responden. Sebanyak 282 responden dianalisis dalam penelitian ini. Hasil pengujian dengan menggunakan aplikasi AMOS 16.0. menemukan bahwa model teoritikal dapat memenuhi kriteria goodness of fit model. Hasil penelitian mendukung bahwa variable persepsi yang terdiri dari gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif dan

  15. PELAKSANAAN SUPERVISI KLINIS DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aan Ansori

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at illustrating clinical supervision within learning process in elementary school. this study employed descriptive qualitative design. The instrument of this study is interview guide and direct practice of the reseracher. The data was obtained through interview, observation, and documentation. The data obtained, then, were analyzed descriptively using interactive analysis model with the steps of collecting data, reducing data, exposing data, and drawing conclusion. The result of this study showed that clinical supervision could improve teacher’s performance in elementary school. Tujuan penelitian ini menggambarkan pelaksanaan supervisi klinis dalam proses pembelajaran di sekolah dasar. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Instrumennya menggunakan panduan wawancara dan praktik langsung dari peneliti. Teknik Pengumpulan data dengan teknik wawancara, observasi, dan dokomentasi. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis secara deskriptif dengan model analisis interaktif dengn langkah pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pelakasanaan supervisi klinis dapat meningkatan kinerja guru dalam proses pembelajaran di sekolah dasar.

  16. PENERAPAN SUPERVISI KLINIS PADA GURU PENJASKES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erfan Erfan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to describe the implementation of the clinical supervision for Physical and Health Education teachers. The method used in this study is qualitative descriptive. The subjects of this study were the headmaster and Physical and Health Education teachers. The data collection methods used were participants observation, detailed interviews, and documentation study. Data analysis methods used in this study were data reduction, data persentation, and conclusion/verification. The result of the study showed that the implementation of the clinical supervisison gave some solutions to the problems that were faced by Physical and Health Education teachers in managing the classroom and the lecture method. The solutions were (1 the seating arrangements group should be more attention, (2 asking a lot of questions more so that the students are motivated to focus on listening, (3 do not be too quick in conveying the concept of learning and explaining that concept need repetition, and (4 provide the opportunity for students to ask and motivate them in doing their assigments. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan penerapan supervisi klinis pada guru penjaskes. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah kepala sekolah dan guru penjaskes. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu observasi partisipan, wawancara mendalam, dan studi dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan/verifikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan supervisi klinis memberikan solusi terhadap permasalahan pembelajaran yang dilakukan guru penjaskes dalam pengelolaan kelas dan metode ceramah, solusinya yaitu (1 pengaturan tempat duduk kelompok harus lebih diperhatikan, (2 lebih banyak bertanya sehingga siswa termotivasi untuk fokus mendengarkan, (3 jangan terlalu cepat dalam menyampaikan konsep

  17. PERAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA NEGERI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Tri Susanto

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah dalam pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru di SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Kabupaten Sleman terkait dengan peran kepala sekolah dan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi program pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan model Miles & Huberman, yang meliputi pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 perencanaan pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru dilakukan dengan pembentukan team; (2 jenis pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru yaitu penguasaan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi dalam pembelajaran; (3 melakukan evaluasi dengan membuat form/angket penilaian guru terhadap proses pembelajaran di kelas yang diisi oleh siswa; (4 peran kepala sekolah sebagai: (a pendidik; (b manajer; (c administrator; (d supervisor; (e peran sosial (f penggiat kewirausahaan; (g pemimpin; dan (h pencipta iklim. Kata kunci: peran kepala sekolah, pengembangan, kompetensi profesional guru THE PRINCIPAL’S ROLE IN DEVELOPING TEACHER COMPETENCY IN PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL Abstract This study aims to describe the principal's role in developing professional competence of teachers in SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Sleman, related to the role of principal’s and the planning, implementation, evaluation of teacher professional competence development program. This study used a qualitative approach, with a case study type. The research data were collected through observation, interviews and study documentation. The data analysis is model of Miles & Huberman, which includes data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. Results of the study: (1 the planning of teachers professional competence development is done by forming a team; (2 the type of teachers

  18. PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN GURU DALAM PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI PADA KEGIATAN PEMBELAJARAN

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    R. Ceha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dalam upaya peningkatan mutu mengajar dan mutu pembelajaran di era globalisasi, guru sebaiknya menguasai program komputer, agar dapat memanfaatkan teknologi yang telah tersedia dan untuk memudahkan dalam mengajar. Guru hendaknya dapat menggunakan peralatan yang lebih ekonomis, efisien, dan mampu dimiliki oleh sekolah, tidak menolak digunakannya peralatan teknologi modern yang relevan dengan tuntutan masyarakat dan perkembangan zaman, serta mempunyai berbagai keterampilan yang mendukung tugasnya dalam mengajar. Salah satu keterampilan tersebut adalah bagaimana seorang guru dapat menggunakan media pembelajaran (Syaiful Bahri, 2006. Guru dapat membuat kreasi dan variasi media interaktif, pembuatan CD pembelajaran interaktif, powerpoint, dan dengan media komputer. Masalah utama yang dihadapi mitra saat ini adalah kemampuan guru dalam pemanfaatan IT atau ICT untuk kegiatan pembelajaran belum merata. Selain itu juga masih adanya kesenjangan literasi TIK antar wilayah di satu sisi dan perkembangan internet yang juga membawa dampak negatif terhadap nilai dan norma masyarakat sehingga perlu dilakukan upaya secara aktif dari semua stakeholder sekolah dalam peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran dengan memanfaatkan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi. Kegiatan Pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang diusulkan bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan guru mengenai pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi pada kegiatan pembelajaran, meningkatkan kemampuan guru untuk membuat bahan ajar pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi sehingga dapat mengoptimalkan potensi yang ada di sekolah mitra dalam pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi untuk peningkatan kualitas pembelajaran

  19. PERBANDINGAN DUA METODE PEMBELAJARAN TENTANG DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE PADA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR

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    Aryani Pujiyanti

    2013-02-01

    peran guru untuk memberikan pendidikan kesehatan tentang DBD kepada siswa di sekolah. Penelitian ini merupakan salah satu model mobilisasi komunitas sekolah di Kota Semarang untuk program pencegahan demam berdarah dengue (DBD. Model dilaksanakan dengan membandingkan 2 metode pendidikan kesehatan yaitu pendekatan pembelajaran aktif dengan pemberian poster dan leaflet. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui efektifitas pelaksanaan model terhadap pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku (PSP dan self efficacy guru sekolah dasar tentang DBD di sekolah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan jenis studi intervensi masyarakat. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah non equivalen control group design. Sampel penelitian adalah guru pendidikan jasmani di Kecamatan Tembalang (kelompok perlakuan dan Kelurahan Pedurungan Tengah, Kecamatan Pedurungan (kelompok pembanding yang dipilih secara purposif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan, praktek dan self efficacy guru pada kelompok dengan pembelajaran aktif lebih tinggi daripada kelompok guru yang menerima edukasi leaflet dan poster. Metode pembelajaran aktif mampu meningkatkan pengetahuan, perilaku dan self efficacy guru dalam perilaku pencegahan DBD secara signifikan (p<0,05 daripada metode poster dan leaflet. Kepercayaan diri guru untuk menjadi promotor kesehatan di sekolah lebih besar pada kelompok dengan metode pembelajaran aktif daripada kelompok dengan metode poster dan leaflet. Metode pembelajaran aktif dapat direkomendasikan dalam pendidikan kesehatan tentang DBD di sekolah dasar.   Kata kunci : guru, pencegahan DBD, pembelajaran aktif

  20. STRATEGI KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, GURU, ORANG TUA, DAN MASYARAKAT DALAM MEMBENTUK KARAKTER SISWA

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    Ahmad Suriansyah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menderskripsikan strategi kepala sekolah, guru, orang tua, dan masyarakat dalam pembentukan karakter siswa di sekolah dasar. Pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Instrumen penelitian adalah peneliti sendiri. Pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara mendalam, observasi partisipasi dan dokumentasi. Responden penelitian bersifat snow-ball. Teknik analisis data menggunakan model Creswell (2014. Keabsahan data digunakan kriteria kredibilitas, transferabilitas, dependabilitas, dan komfirmabilitas. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah strategi kepala sekolah dalam membentuk karakter siswa dengan filosofis kepemimpinan, keteladanan, kedisiplinan, kepemimpinan instruksional, kepemimpinan mutu, serta pemberdayaan guru dan tenaga kependidikan. Strategi guru adalah keteladanan, pembiasaan, dan sentuhan kalbu. Strategi orang tua dan masyarakat adalah komunikasi efektif dan kemitraan efektif. Kata Kunci: strategi, kepala sekolah, guru, masyarakat, karakter THE LEADERSHIP STRATEGIES OF SCHOOL PRINCIPALS, TEACHERS, PARENTS, AND THE COMMUNITIES IN BUILDING THE STUDENTS’ CHARACTER Abstract: This study was aimed to analyze the strategies of the school principals, teachers, parents, and communitiesinbuilding the student character in elementary schools. This study used the qualitative approach using the case study type. The research instrumentswere researhers themselves. The data were collected using the in-depth interview, participation observation, and documentation. The respondents were selected using the snowball sampling technique. The data were analyzed using the model developed by Creswell (2014. The verification of the data was done through credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability criteria. The findings showed that the strategies of the school principals in building the students’ character were the philosophy of leadership, modelling, discipline

  1. GURU MENDONGENG KEARIFAN LOKAL BANYUMASAN

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    Sugeng Priyadi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Teachers skills in the collection and writing of folklore needs to be improved so that the cultural heritage of ancestors can be preserved. Furthermore, teachers develop learning model with storytelling folklore virtue that can be absorbed by the students. Learning model mythlogos- ethos could explain the mandate contained in folklore. The mandate is a form of local wisdom through character education. Keywords: folktale, local wisdom

  2. Akurasi dan Akuntabilitas Penilaian Kinerja Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam

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    Lubna Lubna

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:     There are a great number of teachers of Islamic religious education who hold a professional diploma and yet have not realized the tasks of competent professional teacher. The four indicators of competent and professional teacher, as these are elaborated in Statutes and Regulations, have not been integrated in teacher performance. This problem must be resolved. It requires a system that can control the implementation of the principles of professional teacher while at the same time does not ruin teacher’s profession and capability. This article offers professional-based assessment and evaluation of teacher performance as a medium for a regular control. This system will be able to measure teacher performance referring to their skills and to avoid deviation in the evaluation between what is taught and the subject being taught concerning teachers’ professional skills. With this professional-based evaluation system, the processes of evaluation and assessment become objective, accurate and accountable.Abstrak:      Banyak di antara guru PAI yang menyandang gelar profesional yang belum sepenuhnya mengusai kompetensi yang menjadi indikator guru profesional dalam pelaksaan tugas di kelas. Empat kompetensi inti guru profesional belum terintegrasi dalam kinerja guru sebagaimana amanah Undang-Undang dan berbagai peraturan yang mengawalnya. Menyikapi fenomena ini, dibutuhkan sebuah sistem yang dapat mengontrol kinerja guru sekaligus tidak meruntuhkan kredibilitas guru profesional. Tulisan ini menawarkan penilaian kinerja guru PAI berbasis profesional sebagai sistem kontrol yang dapat dilakukan secara berkala sampai tercipta budaya kerja yang profesional. Dengan penilaian kinerja berbasis profesional, akan dapat mengukur kinerja guru sesuai dengan bidang keahliannya, di samping menghindari terjadinya deviasi antara apa yang dinilai dengan bidang keahlian sesuai mata pelajaran. Dengan penilaian kinerja berbasis profesional

  3. KETERAMPILAN DASAR KINERJA ILMIAH PADA MAHASISWA CALON GURU FISIKA

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    Thoha Firdaus

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan IPA menekankan pada pemberian pengalaman langsung untuk mengembangkan kompetensi agar peserta didik mampu menjelajahi dan memahami alam sekitar secara ilmiah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi keterampilan dasar kinerja ilmiah pada mahasiswa calin guru fisika. Metode yang digunakan adalah survey dengan sampel 36 mahasiswa calon guru fisika. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket respon mahasiswa terhadap keterlaksanaan kegiatan praktikum dan wawancara dengan dosen pengampu. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa 50% mahasiswa mengalami kesulitan dalam menganalisis data dan membuat kesimpulan.

  4. PROFESIONALISME GURU AKUNTANSI PASCA SERTIFIKASI

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    Muhammad Ansori

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study will be discussed related to the professionalism of teachers after certification, the efforts made to develop the professionalism of teachers, and the impact of certification policy on the quality of education. This research subject is accounting certified teacher with a population of 7 informants, and informants are the principal supporter and 3 learners. This research method is a descriptive qualitative approach, with this type of case studies. Collecting data using the model interviews, observation, and documentation. Data analysis techniques to 1 Data collection 2 reduction of data 3 data presentation 4 conclusion / verification. The results showed that 1 accounting certified teachers have a good level of professionalism. The teacher can understand the characteristics of students, mastering both subject areas of a scientific or educational field, is able to organize teaching well, mastering the material in depth, mastering the technology and professionalism are able to develop in a sustainable manner. 2 the efforts of teachers to develop professionalism is with workshops, seminars, training, training, writing books, looking for a new regulation, to follow the teacher association continues studies to improve the qualifications and buy gadgets as supporting tools in learning. 3 certification of a positive impact on the quality of education. It is suggested that could be given to teachers, namely that the purpose of the certification is not to get professional allowance alone, but that teachers can master the competence of teachers well and make teachers more professional in carrying out his profession. Professional allowances simply as a consequence of this capability.

  5. PERSEPSI DAN MOTIVASI MAHASISWA PGSD FKIP UNPAS TENTANG PROFESI GURU

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    Uum Murfiah

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:. Teaching profession is a noble and professional job. Becoming a noble and professional teacher requires a graduate level of education. Entering this profession begun with the perception. and the true motivation of the teaching profession. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe the perception and motivation of PGSD FKIP Unpas students in semester VII about the primary-school teacher profession. The method applied a qualitative approach since the researcher attempted to reveal the natural situation and social phenomenon of the case of study. Data collection techniques used the observation and interviews. The data checking was done with credibility, dependebality, and confirmability. The data analysis was done through individual case analysis. The findings of the study that the teaching profession was a job which requires competence and expertise, which should be systematically prepared since they were enrolled as students of PGSD study program until they were graduated from the program. The perception and motivation of PGSD students towards the teaching profession was increasing along with their knowledge and experience in college. The implications of this research provide a spectrum in the future for PGSD program managers to design a continuous program of teacher professional development to strengthen the identity of prospective teachers. Keyword: Perception, student motivations, teacher profession.   Abstrak: Profesi guru merupakan pekerjaan yang mulia dan profesional.  Menjadi guru yang mulia dan profesional membutuhkan pendidikan setingkat sarjana keguruan. Sejatinya memasuki profesi guru, diawali oleh persepsi dan motivasi yang benar terhadap profesi guru. Untuk itu, tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan perpsepsi dan motivasi mahasiswa PGSD FKIP Unpas semester VII tentang profesi guru sekolah dasar. Metode penelitian menerapkan pendekatan kualitatif karena peneliti berupaya mengungkap situasi alamiah dan

  6. Efektivitas Program Pendidikan Guru MIPA Kelas Bilingual Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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    Raihanati Raihanati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This research aims to determine the effectiveness of Bilingual Class Mathematics and Sciences Educational Teacher State University of Jakarta (PGMIPABI State University of Jakarta. This research is evaluation program, conducted at Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, State University of Jakarta, use Countenance Stake models. Based on the result data analysis and data interpretation formulated: (1 PGMIPABI Program at State University of Jakarta conducted professionally, with clear legal basis, and involve stakeholders; (2 PGMIPABI program at State University of Jakarta, conducted with support by lecturer staff, utilizing the integrated infrastructure management, so as meet the satisfaction by students; (3 PGMIPABI program of State University of Jakarta, produces MIPA teacher candidates with good performance and well received by bilingual school when a field study. Based on the result, can concluded the PGMIPABI State University of Jakarta was effective. Then researcher recommended this program will be continuous, but the Lecturer ability about teaching in English on mathematic and sciences will be improve. Keywords: PGMIPABI, Evaluation Program, Stake Countenance Model Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas program pendidikan guru MIPA Kelas Bilingual (PGMIPABI. Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian evaluasi program, yang dilakukan di Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Negeri Jakarta dengan menggunakan pendekatan Model Countenance Stake. Menggunakan angket, pedoman wawancara sebagai alat pengumpul data. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data dan interpretasi data dirumuskan kesimpulan sebagai berikut: (1 program PGMIPABI Universitas Negeri Jakarta direncanakan secara professional, dengan dasar hukum yang jelas, dan melibatkan stake holders; (2 Pelaksanaan PGMIPABI Universitas Negeri Jakarta didukung oleh tenaga pendidik, tenaga kependidikan, memanfaatkan sarana prasarana penunjang yang

  7. URGENSI PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEADAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE MAHASISWA CALON GURU AGAMA PADA FAKULTAS TARBIYAH DI PERGURUAN TINGGI AGAMA ISLAM

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    Abdurrahmansyah A

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractEducational challenges requires the improvement of the quality of learning.one of the challenges of learning in teacher education institutions is theweak development of prospective teachers. Shulman mentions that to improve thequality of learning for candidate teachers is through the concept of pedagogicalcontent knowledge (PCK. Tarbiyah Faculty as LPTK that prepares prospectivecandidate teachers of religion is considered important to seek the mastery of  PCK skills through the development model of learning offered at the lecturing session. One of the benefits of PCKconcept is to be able to build the integrity of the candidate teacher’s competencies in mastering the content and pedagogy as a whole. The concept of PCK presents to overcome the problem of incompleteness of thecurriculum presentation that presents the content aspect on the one hand andaspects of pedagogy on the other side of other split aspects. Keywords: learningmodel, peadagogical content knowledge, candidate teachers of religion

  8. Kontribusi Etos Kerja Disiplin Kerja Dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Guru SMA Negeri Se Kecamatan Karangasem

    OpenAIRE

    I MADE PUTRA; Prof. Dr. Nyoman Dantes; Dr. I Gusti Ketut Arya Sunu, M.Pd

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis : (1) besarnya kontribusi Etos kerja terhadap kinerja guru, (2) besarnya kontribusi disiplin kerja terhadap kinerja guru, (3) besarnya kontribusi motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru, (4) besarnya kontribusi etos kerja, disiplin kerja, motivasi kerja secara bersama sama terhadap kinerja guru SMA Negeri Se Kecamatan Karangasem. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian ex-post facto yang berbentuk korelasional dengan populasi subyek men...

  9. Blended Learning Implementation in “Guru Pembelajar” Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahdan, D.; Kamaludin, M.; Wendi, H. F.; Simanjuntak, M. V.

    2018-02-01

    The rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT), especially the internet, computers and communication devices requires the innovation in learning; one of which is Blended Learning. The concept of Blended Learning is the mixing of face-to-face learning models by learning online. Blended learning used in the learner teacher program organized by the Indonesian department of education and culture that a program to improve the competence of teachers, called “Guru Pembelajar” (GP). Blended learning model is perfect for learning for teachers, due to limited distance and time because online learning can be done anywhere and anytime. but the problems that arise from the implementation of this activity are many teachers who do not follow the activities because teachers, especially the elderly do not want to follow the activities because they cannot use computers and the internet, applications that are difficult to understand by participants, unstable internet connection in the area where the teacher lives and facilities and infrastructure are not adequate.

  10. IDENTIFIKASI KESULITAN GURU BIOLOGI DALAM MELAKSANAKAN PEMBELAJARAN KURIKULUM 2013 DI SMA NEGERI 1 SUSUKAN

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    Usfatul Aeni

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Identifikasi bertujuan untuk memperoleh informasi yang dapat digunakan sebagai landasan dalam menyusun program intervensi yang diharapkan dapat mencegah masalah di sekolah. Proses pembelajaran dalam kurikulum 2013 dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan pendekatan ilmiah. Pembelajaran biologi berdasarkan kurikulum 2013 harus mencapai 5 ranah pembelajaran diantaranya mengamati, menanya, mengumpulkan, mengasosiasikan, dan mengkomunikasikan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji (1 kesulitan guru biologi dalam tahapan perencanaan, (2 kesulitan guru biologi dalam tahapan pelaksanaan proses pembelajaran, (3 respon siswa terhadap proses pembelajaran biologi yang diterapkan oleh guru biologi di SMA Negeri 1 Susukan.Pendekatan penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Penelitian ini bertempat di SMA Negeri 1 Susukan dengan objek penelitian Guru Biologi dikelas X. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan dokumentasi, observasi, wawancara dan angket, adapun teknik analisis data diantaranya transkripsi, organisasi data, tahapan interprestasi, temuan, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Berdasarkan hasil analisis dan pembahasan yang telah dilakukan, ada beberapa beberapa kesulitan diantaranya: 1 kesulitan pada tahap perencanaan yaitu guru biologi, kesulitan yang terdapat pada penyusunan RPP yaitu apek Perangkat awal, alokasi waktu, metode, sumber belajar, dan penilaian (Rubrik, 2 Kesulitan pada tahap proses pembelajaran, pada aspek kegiatan pendahuluan Guru sulit membuat peserta didik untuk berkonsentrasi dalam proses pembelajaran, Guru sulit untuk menyampaikan tujuan pembelajaran. Aspek kegiatan inti diantaranya guru sulit untuk menerapan pendekatan scientific, Guru masih mengalami kesulitan dalam pendekatan berbasis sainstifik (5M, Guru masih kesulitan menggunakan metode pembelajaran, Guru kurang aktif dalam proses pembelajaran. Aspek kegiatan penutup meliputi Guru sulit untuk membimbing siswa untuk menyimpulkan pembelajaran, Guru jarang

  11. PENGARUH PRAKTIK PENGALAMAN LAPANGAN (PPL, MINAT MENJADI GURU, DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR TERHADAP KESIAPAN MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU YANG PROFESIONAL

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    Aditya Yulianto

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar terhadap kesiapan menjadi guru yang profesional. Populasi penelitian adalah mahasiswa Progam Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi Akuntansi tahun angkatan 2011 Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Semarang sebanyak 174 mahasiswa. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 122 mahasiswa yang ditentukan dengan teknik proportional random sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi, sedangkan teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif presentase, statistik inferensial, dan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukan praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar berpengaruh baik secara parsial maupun simultan terhadap kesiapan menjadi guru yang profesional. Hasil adjusted R^2 menunjukan adanya hubungan antara praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar terhadap kesiapan mahasiswa menjadi guru yang profesional sebesar 0.574 atau 57,4%. Saran yang diberikan dalam penelitian ini adalah hendaknya mahasiswa memperbanyak referensi tentang akuntansi, mengikuti berbagai forum diskusi akuntansi guna meningkatkan wawasan mengenai bidang studi akuntansinya; mahasiswa diharapkan meningkatkan minat untuk menjadi guru yang tinggi dengan mengenal lebih jauh tentang profesi guru, mencari tahu kabar dan informasi mengenai profesi keguruan, memanfatkan kegiatan praktik pengalaman lapangan dengan sungguh-sungguh yang dapat menunjang kesiapannya untuk menjadi guru. The purpose of that study was to determine the influence of practice field experience, interest becoming a teacher and learning achievement againts the readiness of the students to become a professional teacher. Population in this research are students of accounting education class of Faculty of Economic semarang state university as many as 174 students. Sample used in this study were 122 students

  12. KORELASI KREATIVITAS DAN MOTIVASI KERJA GURU TERHADAP PENINGKATAN MUTU PEMBELAJARAN

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    Muh Nashiruddin

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi antara: 1 kreativitas guru PAI terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama dan Budi Pekerti  , 2 motivasi kerja guru PAI terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama dan Budi Pekerti , dan 3 kreativitas dan motivasi kerja guru terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama dan Budi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskripsi korelasional dengan melibatkan 33 orang sampel yang dipilih secara dengan metode sensus.  Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan angket/kuesioner. Teknikanalisis data diawali dengan  uji prasyarat yaitu uji normalitas dan linieritas. Uji hipotesis menggunakanuji regresi sederhana danuji regresi ganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ; 1 Kreativitas guru berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam dan Budi Pekerti.  2  motivasi kerja guru  berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan mutu pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam dan Budi Pekerti.  3 kreativitas guru  dan motivasi kerja guru secara bersama-sama atau simultan berpengaruh terhadap mutu pembelajaran.  Hasil analisis juga  menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata nilai dari ketiga variabel tersebut hanya dapat dimasukkan dalam kategori sedang, sehingga  untuk meningkatkan kinerja guru dalam mengajar perlu diperhatikan faktor-faktor lain seperti: gaji, jaminan kerja, jaminan hari tua, penghargaan atas prestasi kerja, dan sebagainya.   Kata kunci: kreativitas, motivasi, mutupembelajaran   Abstract [The Relationship Between Teachers’ Creativity and Motivation Toward Learning Improvement]. This research aim at determine the correlation between the creativity of teachers on the improvement of learning quality of religious education and behavior, the work motivation of teachers on the improvement of learning quality of religious education and behavior, and  the creativity and the work motivation of eachers on the improvement  of learning quality of religious education and

  13. SIKAP GURU TAMAN KANAK-KANAK TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA

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    Sitti Hartinah DS, Teguh Setiawan

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Kindergarten Teachers’ Attitudes toward Mathematics Learning. This study was aimed to know the attitudes of kindergarten teachers to mathematics teaching and learning. The study, carried out in the Regency of Tegal, took 340 kindergarten teachers into the pool of the sample (65% of the population of 523 teachers. Proportional random sampling was used in the selection of the sample. Questionnaires in the form of attitude scale were distributed to the sample to elicit their responses. t-test was used to analyze the differences of the attitudes and Croncbach’s Alpha was used to arrive at the reliability index. The study found out that, in general, kindergarten teachers  have positive attitudes towards the teaching and learning of mathematics. Abstract: Sikap Guru TK terhadap Pembelajaran Matematika. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui sikap guru TK terhadap pembelajran matematika. Sampel sebanyak 340 dari 523 guru TK di Kabupaten Tegal (65% dari populasi yang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik rambang proporsional. Data dikum­pulkan dengan kuesioner berupa skala sikap yang dikembangkan dengan metode Likert. Pembobotan menggunakan deviasi normal. Kriteria pemilihan butir pernyataan terbaik menggunakan uji t yaitu uji kesa­maan dua rata-rata uji satu pihak dan analisis reliabilitas menggunakan Formula Croncbach’s Alpha. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa guru TK pada umumnya bersikap positif terhadap pembelajaran matematika.

  14. PENGEMBANGAN PROFESIONALITAS BERKELANJUTAN GURU BERSERTIFIKAT PENDIDIK DI SMK RUMPUN TEKNOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujianto Sujianto

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Continuous development of certified teachers in vocational high school tech­no­logy clump. The purpose of this study is to describe the continuing professionality deve­lop­ment of teachers certifiedcertified teachers through investments investing in self-development educators, scientific publications, and innovative work wetherboth independently, in groups, or insti­tutionalizedinsti­tutionally. This research uses a descriptive quantitative study design study, with and  a the research subjects are who is certified vocational teachers educators asin Malang Raya. The Research research instruments used in this study are questionnaires and interview guides. The results of this study indi­cate that continuing professionality development of certified teachers certified in vocational educators high school clumps technology clump is still relatively low, most teachers only are categorized in the categories category of sometimes doing self-development investments, scientific publications, and innovative works. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan pengembangan profesionalitas berkelanjutan guru bersertifikat pendidik melalui investasi pengembangan diri, publi­kasi ilmiah, dan karya inovatif baik secara mandiri, berkelompok, atau melembaga. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif, dengan subjek penelitian guru kejuruan bersertifikat pendidik se-Malang Raya. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan angket dan pedoman wawancara. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan profesionalitas berkelanjutan guru berser­tifikat pendidik di SMK rumpun teknologi se-Malang Raya masih tergolong rendah, sebagian besar guru hanya kadang-kadang me­lakukan investasi pengembangan diri, publikasi ilmiah, dan membuat karya inovatif.

  15. PENGKONSTRUKSIAN SEKTOR GURU DARI GRIYA JAWA: TAFSIR ATAS KAWRUH KALANG

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    Josef Prijotomo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Kawruh Kalang and Kawruh Griya are two Jawanese architectural texts being produced in the transitional period of the 19th to the 20th century. Following two of three steps of interpretation, as stated by Poespoprodjo, a study upon the guru-sector of Jawanese architecture is presented here. Among numerous findings of that study, one of them is the key position of the structural member named balandar-pangeret. This component not only direct and control the measurement of any Jawanese building, but also addressing the basic design chararacteristics of Jawa. It is then speculated that a Jawanese mode of design is embarked from the middle and then proceed downward to the earth and upward to reach the sky. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Teks Kawruh Kalang dan Kawruh Griya adalah teks arsitektur Jawa yang diproduksi dalam masa peralihan abad 19-20. Pengkajian atas teks tersebut dalam bentuk penafsiran-meng-'kata'-kan, memperlihatkan adanya pemikiran dasar penghadiran arsitektur yang bertolak dari balandar-pangeret, yakni balok-balok struktural yang ditopang oleh sakaguru. Masih dalam dimensi penafsiran sebagai meng-kata-kan, naskah yang dikaji diyakini mengindikasikan pemikiran arsitektural Jawa yang karakteristik yakni berawal dari tengah terus ke bawah, ke bumi, dan ke atas, ke angkasa. Kata kunci: griya jawa, sektor guru, balandar-pangeret, guru-acuan, guru-patokan.

  16. Ritual and Political Critique: Tuan Guru's Subversive Pietism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Shaykh 'Abdullah ibn Qadi 'Abdus Salam (lived 1712-1807), more commonly known as Tuan Guru, was chiefly responsible for the institutionalization of Islam in Cape Town. The intellectual matrix of this institutionalization was his massive compendium of Islamic writings that was to play a central role in shaping the theology ...

  17. SUPERVISI PENGAJARAN, MOTIVASI KERJA, KINERJA GURU DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR

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    Andi Tenriningsih

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Relationship Among Instructional Supervision, Work Motivation, Teachers' Per­formance, and Students' School Achievement. The study tries to investigate the direct and indirect rela­tionships among the principals' supervision, work motivation, teachers' performance and students' school achievement in Public Elementary Schools in Barru. The data were analyzed by using SEM. 297 teachers were selected as the sample of the study representing a population of 1,329 teachers of public elementary schools in Barru. The result shows that the principals' supervision, work motivation, teachers' performance and students' learning achievement have positive and significant, relationship directly and/or indirectly. Abstrak: Supervisi Pengajaran, Motivasi Kerja, Kinerja Guru, dan Prestasi Belajar. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan hubungan langsung dan tidak langsung antara supervisi kepala sekolah dengan motivasi kerja, kinerja guru dan prestasi belajar siswa SD Negeri. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kore­lasional, menggunakan SEM AMOS 4.0.1. Populasi meliputi guru SD Negeri se Kabupaten Barru sejum­lah 1.329 orang, dengan sampel sebanyak 297 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa supervisi kepala sekolah, motivasi kerja, kinerja guru, dan prestasi belajar siswa memiliki hubungan yang bersifat positif dan signifikan, baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung.

  18. Validation and Spatiotemporal Distribution of GEOS-5-Based Planetary Boundary Layer Height and Relative Humidity in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Si, Yidan; Li, Shenshen; Chen, Liangfu; Yu, Chao; Wang, Zifeng; Wang, Yang; Wang, Hongmei

    2018-04-01

    Few studies have specifically focused on the validation and spatiotemporal distribution of planetary boundary layer height (PBLH) and relative humidity (RH) data in China. In this analysis, continuous PBLH and surface-level RH data simulated from GEOS-5 between 2004 and 2012, were validated against ground-based observations. Overall, the simulated RH was consistent with the statistical data from meteorological stations, with a correlation coefficient of 0.78 and a slope of 0.9. However, the simulated PBLH was underestimated compared to LIDAR data by a factor of approximately two, which was primarily because of poor simulation in late summer and early autumn. We further examined the spatiotemporal distribution characteristics of two factors in four regions—North China, South China, Northwest China, and the Tibetan Plateau. The results showed that the annual PBLH trends in all regions were fairly moderate but sensitive to solar radiation and precipitation, which explains why the PBLH values were ranked in order from largest to smallest as follows: Tibetan Plateau, Northwest China, North China, and South China. Strong seasonal variation of the PBLH exhibited high values in summer and low values in winter, which was also consistent with the turbulent vertical exchange. Not surprisingly, the highest RH in South China and the lowest RH in desert areas of Northwest China (less than 30%). Seasonally, South China exhibited little variation, whereas Northwest China exhibited its highest humidity in winter and lowest humidity in spring, the maximum values in the other regions were obtained from July to September.

  19. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI GURU MATA PELAJARAN TIK TERHADAP MOTIVASI DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

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    Mr Heri Sutarno

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana kompetensi guru TIK berpengaruh terhadap motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa dalam mata pelajaran TIK. Penelitian ini dilakukan di sebuah sekolah sampel, dengan responden siswa SMA. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan metode survey eksplanatory. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan 3 (tiga cara, yaitu: Nilai Skala (Nilai Interval, untuk mengetahui kondisi dari masing-masing variabel; Analisis varians (ANOVA satu jalur; dan Korelasi untuk mengetahui keterhubungan variabel. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh hasil bahwa kompetensi pedagogik guru TIK yang ada di sekolah sampel tergolong cukup (56,07%, kompetensi kepribadian tergolong cukup (53,72%, kompetensi sosial tergolong cukup (45,22% dan kompetensi profesional tergolong tinggi (61,20%. Keterhubungan antara kompetensi guru dengan motivasi belajar diperkuat dengan kurangnya tingkat signifikansi sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada keterhubungan antara keempat kompetensi guru tersebut terhadap motivasi siswa untuk belajar mata pelajaran TIK. Secara parsial hanya kompetensi kepribadian (53,72% dan kompetensi profesional (61,20% yang terbukti dapat mempengaruhi motivasi belajar siswa. Untuk hasil belajar, dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan ternyata keterhubungan antara kompetensi guru dan motivasi belajar terhadap hasil belajar sangat kecil (50%. Sebagai saran dari penelitian ini yaitu instansi pencetak guru harus memastikan agar mahasiswa yang dididiknya memiliki kemampuan kompetensi guru seperti tertulis dalam PP No. 74 tahun 2008 sehingga dapat meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa, yang pada akhirnya keberadaan guru benar-benar bermakna dalam sebuah pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: guru TIK, kompetensi guru, motivasi, hasil belajar

  20. PENGEMBANGAN KINERJA GURU MELALUI PENELITIAN TINDAKAN KELAS PADA SMA NEGERI DI KOTA PALOPO

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    Hilal Muhammad

    2015-12-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengungkap: (1 pelaksanaan pengembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo; dan (2 hambatan da-lam pelaksanaan pengembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian lapangan yang kajiannya bersifat kualitatif-verifikatif. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan fenomeno-logi. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan dua hal. Pertama, pengembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo belum berjalan optimal dan baru sebatas memenuhi kebutuhan persyarat-an kenaikan pangkat. Potensi guru belum dimanfaatkan melalui pemberdayaan, khususnya penelitian tindakan kelas. Kedua, hambatan dalam pelaksanaan pe-ngembangan kinerja guru melalui PTK pada SMA Negeri di Kota Palopo adalah keterbatasan waktu, dana, sumber referensi kurang, lingkungan tidak kondusif, dan motivasi kurang. Selain itu, sebagian guru juga masih mengalami kesulitan dalam melakukan dan menyusun laporan hasil PTK.

  1. PERKEMBANGAN KEMAMPUAN PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (PCK CALON GURU BIOLOGI PADA PENDEKATAN KONKUREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yenny Anwar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memperoleh gambaran tahap perkembangan kemampuan PCK calon guru biologi yang mengikuti program konkuren. Perkembangan PCK diteliti selama  satu tahun setelah melalui semester ganjil dan praktik mengajar, dengan menggunakan metode Cross-sectional study. Data dikumpulkan dari CoRe dan PaP-eRs yang dibuat calon guru dan hasil wawancara. Sebagai data tambahan pelaksanaan pembelajaran oleh calon guru juga diobservasi. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis dengan teknik deskriptif kualitatif dan kuantitatif  menggunakan desain konkuren triangulasi (concurrent triangulation design. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan   Kemampuan PCK calon guru biologi yang mengikuti program pendidikan guru pada pendekatan konkuren mengalami peningkatan secara bertahap dari waktu ke waktu, mulai dari pra PCK menjadi growing PCK.  Dari hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa perkembangan PCK calon guru ini bersifat kontinum, bertahap sesuai proses pada tiap tahapan.             Kata Kunci: Pendidikan Guru Biologi, Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK,      Pendidikan  Guru Konkuren, Calon Guru Biologi

  2. IDENTIFIKASI TAHAP BERPIKIR GEOMETRI CALON GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DITINJAU DARI TAHAP BERPIKIR VAN HIELE

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    Isna Rafianti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh masalah dalam penguasaan konsep geometri yang membutuhkan pola berpikir dalam menerapkan konsep dan keterampilan dalam memecahkan masalah tersebut. Tetapi dalam kenyataannya siswa-siswa masih mengalami kesulitan dalam mempelajari dan memecahkan soal-soal geometri. Mahasiswa S1 Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa merupakan mahasiswa yang dipersiapkan untuk menjadi guru sekolah dasar yang profesional. Bukan hanya penguasaan konsep yang harus dimiliki seorang guru, tetapi kesiapan dalam hal mengajar juga harus diperhatikan, terutama pada materi geometri. Guru sebaiknya mengetahui tahapan atau level berpikir geometri siswanya berada pada tahap apa, agar proses pembelajaran dapat dipahami oleh siswa. Sebelum guru mengetahui tahapan berpikir siswanya, sebaiknya guru juga mengetahui tahap berpikir geometri yang dimilikinya, agar guru dapat mengevaluasi diri ketika nanti akan mengajar. Tahap berpikir yang menjadi acuan adalah tahap berpikir geometri dari Van Hiele. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi tahap berpikir geometri calon guru Sekolah Dasar ditinjau dari tahap  berpikir Van Hiele. Metode yang digunakan adalah menggunakan penelitian deskriptif. Adapun instrumen yang digunakan yaitu angket berupa tes tertulis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tahap berpikir geometri calon guru Sekolah Dasar ditinjau dari tahap  berpikir Van Hiele sebagian besar (50% hanya mencapai tahap 1 atau tahap pengenalan. Kata Kunci: Geometri, Tahap Berpikir

  3. Kompetensi Pengelolaan Pembelajaran, Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Komitmen, dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Fahdila Sumantri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Learning-management Competence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Commitment, and  Job Satisfaction of Vocational High School Teachers. This survey is intended to describe how learning-management competence, interpersonal intelligence, and commitment influence the job satisfaction of vocational high school teachers. Eighty teachers were selected from the teacher population of 350 using proportional random sampling technique and were assigned to respond to a questionnaire. The results of path analyses reveal that learning-management competence has direct effects on commitment, interpersonal intelligence on commitment, learning-management competence on job satisfaction, interpersonal intelligence on job satisfaction, and commitment on job satisfaction. In other words, teachers' job satisfaction can be facilitated through improving learning-management competence, developing interpersonal intelligence, and strengthening teacher commitment. Abstrak: Kompetensi Pengelolaan Pembelajaran, Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Komitmen, dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru SMK. Tujuan penelitian survei ini adalah mendeskripsikan pengaruh kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran, kecerdasan interpersonal, dan komitmen terhadap kepuasan kerja guru SMK. Populasi berjumlah 350 guru dengan sampel sebanyak 80 guru yang dipilih secara rambang. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan angket, dan dianalisis dengan analisis jalur (path analysis. Hasil penelitian menun­jukkan bahwa kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran berpengaruh langsung terhadap komitmen; kecer­dasan interpersonal berpengaruh langsung terhadap komitmen; kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru; kecerdasan interpersonal berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru; dan komitmen berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru. Kepuasan kerja guru dapat ditingkatkan melalui pengembangan kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran, peningkatan kecerdasan interpersonal dan penguatan

  4. Hubungan antara Hasil Penilaian Kinerja Guru dengan Kompetensi Guru PAI Tingkat SLTP/MTs di Pondok Pesantren Darul Ulum Jombang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh. Yahya Ashari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan tentang hubungan antara hasil penilaian kinerja guru dengan kompetensi guru PAI tingkat SLTP/MTs di Pondok Pesantren Darul Ulum Jombang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat hubungan atau tidak antara kedua variabel tersebut. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan uji analisis statistik korelasi product moment. Dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari dua variabel, yaitu hasil penilaian kinerja guru (variabel X dan kompetensi guru PAI (variabel Y. Adapun data penelitian diperoleh dari dokumentasi data , interview dan penyebaran angket dengan bentuk tertutup. Dari hasil penelitian dapat diketahui bahwa variabel X tergolong baik, dengan hasil perhitungan sebesar 79 %. Sedangkan untuk variabel Y juga tergolong baik, dengan perolehan prosentase sebesar 85%. Dari hasil analisis statistik korelasi product moment didapatkan hasil rxy=0,98 untuk taraf kesalahan ditetapkan 5% dan N=24, maka r tabel=0,40. Dari hasil tersebut didapatkan data bahwa r hitung lebih besar dari r tabel, maka Ho ditolak dan Ha diterima. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan yang signifikan antara hasil penilaian kinerja guru dengan kompetensi guru PAI tingkat SLTP/MTs di pondok Pesantren Darul Ulum Jombang. || It’s field research that discusses the connection between teacher performance appraisal results and the competence of PAI (Islamic lessons teachers in MTs (junior high school located in Pondok Pesantren Darul Ulum Jombang. The purpose of this study was to determine the existence of a connection between two variables. This quantitative research uses statistical analysis on product moment correlation test. This research consisted of two variables, namely the assessment of teacher performance (variable X and the competence of PAI teachers (variable Y. The data obtained from documentation, interviews and questionnaires with a closed form. The results of this research is

  5. Seren Taun Guru Bumi Harmony of Islam and Pasundan Culture

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    Abdurrahman Misno BP

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The advent of Islam in Tatar Sunda (West Java lent a new color to the culture that had previously existed there. The nature of Islam which was friendly to the local culture, made it easy to be accepted by the Sundanese people without bloodshed. The results are a variety of cultural rituals rooted in Sundanese culture yet rich with Islamic culture. Seren Taun Guru Bumi is one of the rituals of the Sundanese people deeply-rooted in the belief of Nyi Pohaci (Dewi Sri as the goddess of fertility. The involvement of the researcher in this ritual made the data a primary source which is the implementation of Seren Taun Guru Bumi in Sindang Barang Cultural Village, Bogor, West Java. This research shows that the ritual of Seren Taun Guru Bumi is a form of Islamic harmony with the Sundanese culture. Islamic culture assimilates in the frame of Sundanese traditions in Tatar Sunda, in which both are brought together in the ritual as a form of gratitude to God Almighty.

  6. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR MATEMATIKA LEVEL IGCSE BERBASIS TUGAS TERSTRUKTUR BAGI MAHASISWA CALON GURU MATEMATIKA

    OpenAIRE

    Prahesti Tirta Safitri

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kurangnya ketersedian bahan ajar matematika berbahasa inggris khususnya pada level IGCSE bagi mahasiswa program studi pendidikan matematika. Sesuai dengan tuntutan globalisasi dimana calon guru matematika harus siap bersaing untuk mengajar di sekolah manapun baik yang menggunakan kurikulum nasional, maupun internasional. Dengan begitu kemampuan bahasa inggris mahasiswa calon guru dalam pelajaran matematika sangat perlu untuk ditingkatkan. Hal tersebut meru...

  7. PENGARUH GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN, TINGKAT HIERARKI MORAL, DAN MOTIVASI TERHADAP KOMITMEN GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramudjono Pramudjono

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan antara gaya kepemimpinan, tingkat hierarki moral, dan motivasi terhadap komitmen guru. Sampel diambil dengan teknik proportional sampling dengan jumlah sebesar 450 orang guru dari populasi 796 guru SMA PNS di Samarinda. Data dikumpulkan dengan pemberian angket dan analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis jalur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1 gaya kepemimpinan berpengaruh terhadap komitmen guru yang berarti peningkatan gaya kepemimpinan akan meningkatkan komitmen guru; (2 tingkat hierarki moral memiliki pengaruh pada komitmen guru yang berarti meningkatnya tingkat hierarki moral akan mengakibatkan peningkatan komitmen guru; (3 motivasi kerja guru memengaruhi komitmen guru yang berarti tingginya motivasi kerja akan menyebabkan tingginya komitmen; (4 gaya kepemimpinan berpengaruh terhadap motivasi kerja guru yang berarti peningkatan gaya kepemimpinan akan meningkatkan motivasi kerja guru; dan (5 tingkat hierarki moral memengaruhi motivasi kerja guru yang berarti meningkatnya tingkat hierarki moral akan meningkatkan motivasi kerja guru. Peningkatan aspek-aspek tersebut akan memperkuat komitmen para guru terhadap sekolah. Kata Kunci: komitmen, gaya kepemimpinan, tingkat hierarki moral, motivasi THE INFLUENCE OF THE LEADERSHIP STYLES, MORAL HIERARCHY LEVELS, AND MOTIVATION TOWARDS TEACHER’S COMMITMENT Abstract: This study was aimed to find out the influence of the leadership styles, moral hierarchy levels, and motivation towards teachers’ commitment. The sample taken using the proportional sampling technique consisting of 450 teachers out of 796 senior high school teachers in Samarinda. The data were collected using questionnaires and analyzed using the path analysis. The findings showed that (1 the leadership styles influence the teachers’ commitment, meaning that an improvement in the leadership styles would improve the teachers’ commitment; (2 the moral hierarchy levels

  8. PERANGKAT PENGEMBANGAN DIRI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI GURU DAN PENGEMBANGAN KEPRIBADIAN SISWA SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenny Hulukati

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak: Perangkat Pengembangan Diri untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Guru dan Pengembangan Kepribadian Siswa SMA. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan perangkat pengembangan diri untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru dan pengembangan kepribadian siswa SMA. Kegiatan penelitian ini diawali dengan studi pendahuluan yang berkaitan dengan kompentensi guru pembimbing dalam melaksanakan pelayanan bimbingan dan konseling dan kecenderungan kepribadian siswa SMA. Langkah berikutnya adalah mendesain dan mengembangkan draf, dan diakhiri dengan kegiatan uji keefektifan produk. Dari kegiatan penelitian pengembangan ini telah dihasilkan produk pengembangan yang valid dan handal yang meliputi panduan guru, panduan siswa, dan panduan penilaian. Berdasarkan hasil uji keefektifan terhadap produk pengembangan diperoleh informasi bahwa perangkat panduan pengembangan diri efektif diguna­kan untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru pembimbing dalam melaksanakan pelayanan bimbingan dan konseling dan pengembangan kepribadian siswa SMA.

  9. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH, LINGKUNGAN, MOTIVASI GURU, TERHADAP PRESTASI SISWA SMA MUHAMMADIYAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Jamali

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan: (1 pengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru; (2 pengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung antara lingkungan sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru; (3 pengaruh langsung antara motivasi berprestasi guru dengan prestasi belajar siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian ex-post facto, dengan populasi 318 guru SMA Muhammadiyah Kota Yogyakarta dan sampel 200 orang yang dipilih dengan teknik proportional sampling. Instrumen pengumpulan data berupa kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis jalur untuk menguji hipotesis penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 terdapat pengaruh langsung dan tak langsung kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa, dengan sumbangan efektif 5,52% dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru, (sumbangan efektif sebesar 32,09%; (2 tidak terdapat pengaruh langsung antara lingkungan sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa; (3 terdapat pengaruh tidak langsung antara lingkungan sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru, (sumbangan efektif sebesar 1,04%; (4 terdapat pengaruh langsung antara motivasi berprestasi guru dengan prestasi belajar siswa, (sumbangan efektif sebesar 47,06%. Jadi secara keseluruhan sumbangan yang diberikan oleh kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah, lingkungan sekolah, motivasi berprestasi guru baik secara langsung maupun tidak terhadap prestasi belajar siswa sebesar 85,71%. Hal ini berarti jika kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah, lingkungan sekolah dan motivasi berprestasi guru ditingkatkan kualitasnya maka akan berkontribusi positif terhadap peningkatan prestasi belajar siswa SMA Muhammadiyah Kota Yogyakarta. Kata Kunci: kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah, lingkungan sekolah

  10. SCIENCE TEACHERS’ UNDERSTANDING OF MIND MAP LEARNING STRATEGY (PEMAHAMAN GURU IPA DALAM STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN PETA PIKIRAN (MIND MAP

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    Natalia Rosa Keliat

    2017-02-01

    center. Abstrak. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SMP Salatiga, Jawa Tengah dengan subjek penelitan adalah guru bidang studi IPA yang berjumlah 23 orang dengan menggunakan teknik wawancara dan observasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendata strategi pembelajaran IPA yang dilakukan guru SMP Kota Salatiga, kendala yang dihadapi guru dalam melaksanakan strategi pembelajaran di kelas, persentase pemahaman dan penerapan mind map oleh guru IPA SMP Kota Salatiga, serta kendala dalam melaksanakan strategi mind map di kelas. Analisis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil menunjukkan persentase guru IPA yang menggunakan strategi diskusi mencapai 78.26%, peta konsep 21,74%, demonstrasi 30,43%, ce-ramah 39,13%, mind map 34,78% dan strategi-strategi lain seperti permainan kartu, cerdas cer-mat, project based learning, discovery, problem based learning, CTL, inquiry mencapai 43,8%. Dalam menerapkan strategi yang bervariasi guru mengalami kesulitan dalam mengatur alokasi waktu pembelajaran di kelas dikarenakan peserta didik yang memiliki tingkat kemampuan kogni-tif rendah membutuhkan waktu yang lebih lama untuk memahami strategi pembelajaran yang dipakai di kelas. Dalam penerapan mind map, menunjukkan persentase jumlah guru yang menggunakan mind map dalam pembelajaran di SMP Kota Salatiga hanya mencapai 34,78% dan yang masih belum menerapkan pembelajaran model mind map mencapai 65,22%. Berdasarkan hasil wawancara diketahui bahwa sekitar 47,83% guru tersebut memahami prosedur pembelajaranmodel mind map, selebihnya sebesar 52,17% mengatakan belum memahami prinsip pembelajaran menggunakan mind map. Guru menjelaskan bahwa mind map sangat potensial digunakan se-bagai suatu teknik untuk meningkatkan pembelajaran peserta didik. Meskipun demikian, dalam penerapannya di kelas guru mengalami kendala dalam pengaplikasian mind map, misalnya dibu-tuhkan waktu yang cukup lama untuk menerapkan mind map sehingga materi lainnya tidak dapat diselesaikan tepat waktu. Selain itu

  11. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR BERBASIS LITERASI PADA MATERI BILANGAN BAGI MAHASISWA CALON GURU SD

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    Aan Subhan Pamungkas

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Literasi merupakan kemampuan yang perlu dikembangkan agar individu manpu memahami berbagai macam permasalahan sesuai dengan konteks yang terjadi. Ketersediaan bahan ajar yang mengacu pada kemampuan literasi masih sangat jarang dikembangkan, terutama di Jurusan Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar FKIP Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa. Dari masalah tersebut maka tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan suatu bahan ajar matematika berbasis literasi bagi mahasiswa calon guru sekolah dasar. Materi dalam bahan ajar ini adalah bilangan pada mata kuliah konsep dasar matematika. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian dan pengembangan dengan model pengembangan meliputi Concept, Design, Collecting Materials, Assembly dan Test Drive and Distribution. Untuk menguji kualitas bahan ajar maka dilakukan uji kevalidan dan kepraktisan yang dinilai oleh ahli (ahli materi dan ahli pendidikan serta dosen dan mahasiswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  produk hasil pengembangan termasuk kedalam kategori sangat valid menurut para ahli, praktis menurut penilaian dosen dan mahasiswa.  Kata Kunci: Bahan Ajar, Literasi, Bilangan  Abstract. Literacy is an ability that needs to be developed so that individuals are able to understand various problems in accordance with the context that occurs. The availability of teaching materials that refer to the literacy capability is still very rarely developed, especially in the Primary Teacher Education of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University. From the problem, the purpose of this research is to produce a literacy-based mathematics teaching material for students. The content in this teaching material is the numbers of the Konsep Dasar Matematika. This research is a research and development with development model consist of Concept, Design, Collecting Materials, Assembly and Test Drive and Distribution. To test the quality of instructional materials then tested the validity and practicality assessed by experts (material

  12. PROFESIONALISASI GURU MADRASAH ALIYAH DI KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR (Survei terhadap Proses Peningkatan Kemampuan Guru dalam Mencapai Kriteria Standar dalam Penampilannya sebagai Anggota Profesi Guru

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    Gustina Gustina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This research aims at investigating efforts done by teachers of Islamic Senior High Schools to improve their profesional competence. This research used descriptive quantitative research using survey approach. The population of this research was teachers of Islamic Senior High Shool in Tanah Datar. The sample were taken using sampling technique. The result of the research is as follows: (1 most of teachers fulfilled academic qualification; (2 some of teachers have high motivation to improve their competence by involving worskhops; (3 some of teachers participated in their concorcium to difficult several difficulties in teaching; (4 some teachers participated in several educational training to increase their competence. Kata Kunci: Profesionalisasi, kemampuan, kinerja guru madrasah.

  13. PENGARUH PEMAHAMAN KURIKULUM, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU SMK

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    Laeli Mafudah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi awal tentang kinerja guru di Kabupaten Semarang menunjukkan bahwa masih terdapat kendala dalam pencapaian kinerja guru yang maksimal khususnya guru mata pelajaran produktif di SMK Bisnis dan Manajemen. Populasi penelitian ini adalah guru mata pelajaran produktif Akuntansi, Administrasi Perkantoran dan Manajemen SMK di Kabupaten Semarang yang berjumlah 30 guru. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman kurikulum, motivasi kerja dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah secara simultan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 82,7%. Pengaruh secara parsial juga didapatkan pada variabel independen terhadap variabel dependen. Pemahaman kurikulum berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 18,84%. Motivasi kerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 20,43%, serta kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 21,62%. Based on beginning observation abaout teacher performance in Semarang Regency it is known that there are obstacles in achieving maximum performance of teachers especially productive subject teachers in Business and Management vocational high school. The population of this research was productive teachers of Accounting, Office Administration and Management in Semarang Regency consisted 30 teachers. Method used in collecting data was questionnaire. Variable data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that curriculumunderstanding, work motivation and principalsleadership simultaneously positive and significant influence on the performance of vocational teachers to 82.7%. Partial effect was also obtained on the independent variable on the dependent variable. Curriculumunderstandinghas positive and significant

  14. ANALISIS PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (PCK TERHADAP BUKU GURU SD KURIKULUM 2013

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    Gaguk Resbiantoro

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Analisis buku pegangan guru SD dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 perlu dilakukan karena buku ini menjadi acuan guru dalam mengajar. Guru SD harus menguasai konten materi dan cara penyampaian (pengajarannya kepada peserta didik atau yang dikenal sebagai PCK (Pedagogical Content Knowledge. Buku pegangan guru harus sesuai dengan kaidah-kaidah PCK. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif yang bertujuan untuk memperoleh informasi mengenai ruang lingkup Pedagogical Content Knowledge pada buku pegangan guru SD. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah semua bab pada buku pegangan guru SD yang digunakan dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013. Sedangkan sampel pada penelitian ini adalah beberapa bab pada buku yang dianalisis, diambil sebanyak 20% dengan cara purposive random dari sebuah buku yang menjadi acuan mengajar SD yang digunakan dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013, khususnya muatan IPA. Hal tersebut atas pertimbangan bahwa karakteristik materi IPA sangat sesuai dengan teori konstruktivisme anak SD dan pendekatan saintifik. Data dijaring dengan lembar observasi berupa instrumen evaluasi buku guru yang berisi perpaduan indikator PCK dari lima komponen PCK yang dikembangkan oleh Magnusson et al. dalam Newsome dan Lederman (2002 dan instrumen yang telah dikembangkan Swanepoel (2010. Identifikasi dilakukan pada dua sampel buku guru SD kurikulum 2013 pada satu sub tema. Rata-rata prosentase masing-masing sub komponen PCK dalam buku guru SD kurikulum 2013 yaitu capaian pembelajaran 82%, pengetahuan inti 44%, hakekat ilmu pengetahuan 52%, kegiatan pembelajaran 74%, penilaian 50%, contoh dan penjelasan 67%, kerangka metakognisi 58%, perbedaan perlakuan siswa 58%, serta pemberian motivasi pada siswa 79%. Sub komponen Content Knowledge perlu dilengkapi tentang pengetahuan miskonsepsi dan pengetahuan tambahan. Sedangkan sub komponen Pedagogical Knowledge perlu dilengkapi tentang kelengkapan penilaian dan kerangka metakognisi. Beberapa permasalahan tersebut dapat

  15. Tantangan Guru Sejarah: Pesan Sejarah sebagai Konsep Pendidikan Nilai

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    Anwar Senen

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Keberhasilan guru sejarah menyampaikan pesan sejarah sebagai suatu nilai moral yang perlu difahami siswa, terletak pada bagaimana cara guru mengembangkan materi pelajaran di depan kelas. Penggunaan metode pengajaran secara tepat yang dikemas secara kreatif akan memungkinkan pesan sejarah dapat disampaikan kepada siswa. Penekanan pada pesan sejarah ini penting, karena selama ini masih terkesan bahwa mata pelajaran sejarah hanya dianggap sebagai pengetahuan hafalan sejumlah peristiwa masa lalu. Hal demikian menyebabkan pemahaman siswa terhadap pelajaran sejarah sebatas pada pengetahuan deskriptif konsep apa, di mana, kapan dan mengapa suatu peristiwa sejarah terjadi, menjadi dasar mempelajari sejarah. Dalam kerangka memori tidaklah keliru. Tetapi sejarah sebagai mata pelajaran di sekolah dalam konsep pendidikan masih jauh dari harapan. Sebagai konsep pendidikan, pelajaran sejarah dapat bercerita kepada siswa. Oleh sebab itu, metode pengajaran sejarah oleh gum dengan pendekatan moral akan lebih tepat digunakan. Pendekatan moral sebagai konsep belajar mengajar lebih memungkinkan menjadikan pelajaran sejarah dinamis dalam menyikapi situasi yang berkembang dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Dengan demikian bahwa belajar sejarah memiliki dimensi masa lalu, kini dan akan datang akan terjawab melalui pendekatan moral dalam konsep pembelajarannya.

  16. HUBUNGAN PENGEMBANGAN KARIR, KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL, DAN MOTIVASI KERJA DENGAN KINERJA GURU PAUD DI KECAMATAN DRIYOREJO KABUPATEN GRESIK

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    Rachman Halim Yustiyawan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to find relationship between career development, competence professional, motivation, with the performance teachers. This research using method quantitative approach with analysis statistic descriptif and path analysis. Research results indicate (1 there is a direct relationship between career development with the performance teachers; between career development with the motivation teachers; between competence professional with the performance teachers; between competence professional with the motivation teachers; and between motivation with the performance teachers; (2 there is a indirect relationship between career development with teacher performance through motivation teachers; between competence professional with teacher performance through motivation teachers. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari hubungan antara pengembangan karir, kompetensi profesional, motivasi, dengan kinerja guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pendekatan kuantitatif dengan menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan analisis jalur atau (path analysis. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan (1 terdapat hubungan langsung antara pengembangan karir dengan kinerja guru; antara pengembangan karir dengan motivasi kerja guru; antara kompetensi profesional dengan kinerja guru; antara kompetensi profesional dengan motivasi guru; dan antara motivasi dengan kinerja guru; (2 terdapat hubungan tidak langsung antara pengembangan karir dengan kinerja guru melalui motivasi guru; antara kompetensi profesional dengan kinerja guru melalui motivasi guru

  17. ANALISIS PENGARUH KOMPENSASI DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMA NEGERI 1 KLATEN

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    Rina Oktaviani

    2016-10-01

      Kompensasi merupakan faktor yang penting untuk meningkatkan kinerja karyawan. Lingkungan kerja, baik fisik maupun non-fisik juga merupakan variabel penting yang mempengaruhi secara langsung maupun tidak langsung terhadap kinerja karyawan dalam melaksanakan tugasnya. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMA Negeri 1 Karangdowo Klaten Jawa Tengah, menggunakan penelitian kuantitatif. Sampel penelitian ini sama dengan populasi yaitu 62 guru. Metode analisis regresi berganda digunakan untuk menganalisis dampak kompensasi dan lingkungan kerja terhadap kinerja guru. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan dari kompensasi dan kondisi kerja terhadap kinerja guru dengan nilai R2 sebesar 0,642. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan kompensasi dan kondisi kerja akan meningkatkan kinerja guru.   Kata kunci: Kompensasi, Lingkungan Kerja, Dan Kinerja.

  18. METODE GURU BK DALAM MENGATASI PROBLEM PENYESUAIAN DIRI PADA ANAK BERKEBUTUHAN KHUSUS

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    Fitri Lestari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui serta menjelaskan metode yang dilakukan guru BK dalam mengatasi problem penyesuaian diri pada sisiwa tunarungu SD LB di SLB Purwokerto. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian lapangan dengan jenis penelitian kualitatif (studi kasus. Subjek penelitiannya kepala sekolah, guru BK, dan siswa tunarungu, sedangkan objek penelitiannya adalah problem penyesuaian diri pada siswa tunarungu SD LB dab metode guru BK dalam mengatasinya di SLB Purwokerto. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa problem penyesuainan diri pada siswa tunarungu meliputi kurang percaya diri, kurang mandiri, cenderung kaku, dan egoisentris. Metode yang digunakan oleh guru BK dalam mengatasi problem penyesuaian diri tersebut yaitu dengan metode bimbingan khusus. Metode bimbingan khusus dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok besar yaitu metode kelompok (metode ceramah, metode demonstrasi/praktik, metode drill, dan karyawisata dan metode individu (metode tanya jawab dan metode penugasan.

  19. SUPERVISI DALAM PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU MELALUI GUGUS SEKOLAH

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    Enis Purnawanti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan: (1 teknik yang digunakan, (2 faktor pendukung dan pendayagunaan, (3 kendala dan cara mengatasi nya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi situs di gugus sekolah I dan gugus Sekolah II Unit Dinas Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Kecamatan Munjungan melalui teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data melalui dua tahap: (1 analisis data tiap gugus, (2 analisis lintas gugus. Hasil penelitian: Teknik yang digunakan adalah teknik kelompok. Faktor pendukung dan pendayagunaan, yaitu (1 kesetiakawanan antar guru dan lembaga cukup tinggi pendayagunaan nya dengan menjalin komunikasi yang efektif antar personil dan antar lembaga; (2 Adanya dana sertifikasi dengan mewajibkan guru mengikuti kegiatan KKG dengan biaya swadaya; (3 wilayah gugus yang tidak luas pendayagunaan dengan melaksanakan koordinasi antar sekolah dan antar personil secara intens. Kendala dan cara mengatasinya yaitu: (1 tidak ada aturan yang resmi dari pemerintah tentang pelaksanaan KKG dan pengelolaan gugus solusinya dengan melaksanakan kegiatan berdasarkan RKAG; (2 komitmen guru masih rendah cara mengatasinya dengan melibatkan semua unsur yang ada di gugus dalam perencanaan, pengawasan dan evaluasi kegiatan; (3 minimnya sarana prasarana penunjang kegiatan, adapun solusinya dengan memanfaatkan fasilitas dari sekolah inti dan lembaga lain. This study aims to describe: (1 the techniques used, (2 supporting factors and utilization, (3 problems and how to resolve it. This study used a qualitative approach with a multi-site study design in school cluster I and group II Unit School Department of Education and Culture District of Munjungan through observation, interviews, and documentation. Analysis of the data in two steps: (1 analysis of the data of each group, (2 analysis across the group. RESULTS: The technique used is the technique of the group. Factors supporting and utilization, namely: (1

  20. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENGHASILAN GURU DI ERA DESENTRALISASI PENDIDIKAN

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    Suwandi Suwandi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Factors Affecting Teacher Earnings in Education Decentralization Era. The purpose of this study is to describe the factors that affect the performance and income of teachers as a profession in the context of decentralization. This study is a cross-sectional research with population of all teachers in Indonesia. The technique of schools sampling are systematic random sampling procedure with all districts/cities in Indonesia as the sampling frame. Data collection used questionnaires and data analysis used descriptive and multiple regression analysis. This study found that the recruitment and promotion of teachers rank is determined by the competence and performance instead of seniority, the dominant factor affecting educator certification is the teachers’ rank/grade and qualifications, and the two most effective main variables on the teachers’ income are ranks/grades (seniority and educators’ certificates. Keywords: decentralization, certification, teacher performance, teacher earnings   Abstrak: Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penghasilan Guru di Era Desentralisasi Pendidikan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kinerja dan penghasilan guru sebagai profesi dalam konteks desentralisasi. Penelitian ini merupakan cross sectional dengan populasi seluruh guru di Indonesia. Teknik sampel sekolah yaitu systematic random sampling procedure dengan seluruh kabupaten/kota di Indonesia sebagai sampling frame. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dan analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan regresi ganda. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa rekrutmen dan promosi pangkat guru ditentukan oleh kompetensi dan kinerja ketimbang senioritasnya, faktor dominan yang berpengaruh terhadap sertifikasi pendidik adalah pangkat/golongan dan kualifikasi guru, dan dua variable pokok yang paling tinggi efeknya terhadap penghasilan guru, yaitu pangkat/golongan (senioritas dan sertifikat pendidik.   Kata

  1. Pengembangan Kapasitas Guru Melalui Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Interaktif Berbasis Teknologi Informasi Di Minu Waru Sidoarjo

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    Alfiyah, Hanik Yuni; Fauziyah, Asma’ Naily; Masfufah, Masfufah

    2016-01-01

    Bahasa Indonesia:Artikel ini merupakan hasil penelitian jenis ParticipatoryActionResearch (PAR) yang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kapasitas guru di komunitas madrasah, yakni MINU Waru Sidoarjo dalam mengembangkan media pembelajaran berbasis teknologi informasi. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari 19 orang. Tahap-tahap penelitian meliputi perencanaan, tindakan, observasi, dan refleksi dalam empat siklus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kapastias guru MINU Waru Sidoarjo dalam mengembangkan media ...

  2. KREATIVITAS GURU BIOLOGI DALAM MEMETAKAN KOMODITAS HAYATI UNGGULAN LOKAL KE DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI SMA

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    Asep Agus Sulaeman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kreativitas guru Biologi SMA dalam memetakan topik-topik dari berbagai aspek komoditas hayati unggulan lokal melalui penggunaan metode mind map dan mengetahui kemampuan guru dalam memetakan topik-topik komoditas hayati unggulan lokal ke dalam pembelajaran Biologi di SMA. Analisis data kreativitas guru Biologi SMA dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantitatif terhadap mind map dengan menggunakan kriteria sesuai instrumen yang dikembangkan. Adapun analisis data tentang jumlah topik-topik Biologi dan jenis kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis komoditas hayati unggulan lokal dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantatif dan kualitatif. Hasil kajian ini menunjukkan nilai aspek-aspek kreativitas guru Biologi yang tinggi, yaitu kemampuan berpikir asli (91,67, peka terhadap masalah (91,67, kemampuan berpikir lancar (90, kemampuan berpikir luwes (88,33, dan kemampuan berpikir terperinci (86,67. Berdasarkan hasil pemetaan yang dilakukan guru, dapat diidentifikasi 15 topik Biologi SMA yang berkaitan dengan komoditas hayati unggulan lokal di Kabupaten Majalengka. Adapun kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis komoditas hayati unggulan yang diusulkan oleh guru tersebar di masing-masing tingkatan kelas dan semesternya dengan jumlah yang berbeda-beda.

  3. KINERJA GURU BERSERTIFIKASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN MANAJEMEN MUTU PENDIDIKAN DI MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH MUHAMMADIYAH SUDUNG KEDUNGTUBAN BLORA TAHUN 2015

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    Sudarno Shobron

    2016-06-01

    pendidikan terakhir; 3 Kurangnya sarana prasarana misalnya ruangan UKS, dan laboratorium, sehingga masih kesulitan saat praktek pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: kinerja guru; sertifikasi; manajemen mutu; pendidikan.

  4. Pengaruh pelatihan pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi pada guru sekolah dasar sistem full day terhadap perubahan status kebersihan mulut siswa

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    Anne Agustina Suwargiani

    2017-10-01

    counselling materials; teacher’s feeling of knowledge limitations; and forgetfulness of the usage of the dental model replica. There was a signicant effect of the action towards the oral hygiene status of the students, but there was no signicant inuence of knowledge and attitude towards the oral hygiene status of the students. Conclusions: Dental care training on full-day primary school teachers did not signicantly change their knowledge and attitude of toothbrushing, but continuous and proper practice after training, however, gave signicant effect on student’s oral hygiene status. Inhibiting factors of alteration were coming from internal environment of both teachers and students, and also due to lack of facilities.   ABSTRAK Usia Sekolah Dasar merupakan usia yang tepat untuk mengajarkan teknik menyikat gigi  yang  baik  dan  benar, karena pada usia ini anak sedang dalam memasuki periode gigi campuran  dan sudah harus mampu menyikat  gigi baik dan benar. Penerapan penyikatan gigi di Sekolah Dasar dengan sistem full day sangat diperlukan, mengingat waktu anak di sekolah lebih lama dan melewati waktu makan siang sehingga anak harus mampu menjaga kesehatan giginya sendiri. Penerapan tersebut sangat membutuhkan peran guru. Tujuan penelitian yaitu menganalisis pengaruh pelatihan penyikatan gigi pada guru terhadap status kebersihan mulut siswa. Mixed methode terdiri dari tahap penelitian kuantitatif dengan pemberian kuisioner pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan guru setelah pelatihan penyikatan gigi dan keterampilan menyikat gigi siswa diukur melalui status kebersihan mulut (OHIS green Vermillion dan tahap penelitian kualitatif dengan melakukan observasi menggunakan cek list observasi untuk mengetahui faktor penghambat transfer hasil pelatihan pada siswa. Metode penelitian deskriptif analitik. Sampel penelitian diambil dari seluruh populasi, dimana semua guru diambil sebagai sampel penelitian. Hasil penelitian melalui uji korelasi linier menunjukkan hubungan

  5. Kompetisi Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam pada Madrasah Tsanawiyah di Kota Mataram

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    Yustiani S

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aims to measure the difference in competence between certified teachers  and non certified teachers in Mataram. Teachers examined in this study are teachers of religion in MTs. This articleis a quantitative research using causal comperative method. The research design use factoral design 2x2. The technical of analysis data in this research include descriptive analysis, requirements test analysis, and inferential analysis. The study shows that here are differences in Islamic Education Teachers’ competence in MTs in Mataram. Further test shows that the results of certified teachers competency arebetter than the teachers who have not been certified. There is no difference in Islamic Education Teachers’ competence based on the teacher’s tenure. There is no interaction between teacher’s status and teacher’s tenure. This means that the status and tenure arethe two factors which are mutually independent. There were no differences between the student learning result who is taught by certified teachers and uncertified teachers in Mataram. There is difference in student learning result based on the teacher’s tenure.There is no interaction between student learning result based on the status and the tenure of teachers in Mataram. It is concluded that certified teachers in Mataram has a good profile.Keywords: Competence, Islamic Education Teachers, Certification. AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur perbedaan kompetensi guru PAI MTs antara yang telah tersertifikasi maupun yang belum tersertifikasi di Kota Mataram. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan metode perbandingan kausal (causal comparative desain faktoral 2x2. Teknis analisis data dalam penelitian ini meliputi analisis deskripstif, uji persyaratan, dan analisis inferensial. Hasil penelitian ini diperoleh 7 temuan sebagai berikut. (1 Terdapat perbedaan kompetensi guru PAI MTs di kota Mataram. Hasil uji

  6. PENGARUH SUPERVISI AKADEMIK DAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP DISIPLIN KERJA GURU

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    samsuadi PEP

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan  penelitian  adalah  (1  untuk mengetahui pengaruh supervisi akademik pengawas dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah secara bersama-sama berpengaruh terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng, (2 untuk  mengetahui  pengaruh  supervisi akademik  pengawas   terhadap   disiplin   kerja   guru   SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng,   (3  untuk   mengetahui   pengaruh   kepemimpinan   kepala   sekolah terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng. Populasi   penelitian   ini  adalah   guru   SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng yang  berjumlah 80 orang,  melalui rumus Slovin diperoleh sampel sebanyak  67 orang. Teknik penarikan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik proportionate stratified  random sampling. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah angket dengan memakai  skala Likert modifikasi Hadi. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa supervisi akademik pengawas dan  kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berada pada katregori tinggi. Sedangkan dari hasil uji prasyarat tidak ditemukan gejala multikolinieritas,  sehingga  memenuhi  syarat  untuk  melakukan  analisis  regresi ganda.  Dari  hasil  uji  hipotesis  ditemukan  bahwa supervisi akademik pengawas dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah  secara bersama-sama berpengaruh terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng. Secara parsial supervisi  akademik pengawas tidak berpengaruh terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng, sedangkan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh terhadap disiplin kerja guru SMK Negeri 1 Bantaeng. 

  7. DESAIN INSTRUMEN TES DIAGNOSTIK PENDETEKSI MISKONSEPSI UNTUK ANALISIS PEMAHAMAN KONSEP KIMIA MAHASISWA CALON GURU

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    Endang Susilaningsih

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak   ___________________________________________________________________   Penelitian ini bertujuan mendesain instrumen tes diagnostik pendeteksi miskonsepsi, untuk menganalisis pemahaman konsep dasar kimia mahasiswa calon guru. Instrumen tes ini sangat dibutuhkan oleh mahasiswa untuk mengetahui, menganalisis sejauh mana pemahaman konsep-konsep dasar kimia yang telah diberikan dalam perkuliahan. Pemahaman konsep dasar kimia saat ini harus diupayakan secara maksimal, untuk menghasilkan outcome sesuai profil lulusan mahasiswa prodi Pendidikan Kimia, untuk menjadi Pendidik, fasilisator pembelajaran yang  kreatif, inovatif, dan sebagai peneliti dibidang kependidikan. Metode Penelitian didesain sedemikian rupa dengan langkah-langkah mulai dari pemilihan materi yang sulit dipahami, menyusun kisi-kisi soal, desain instrumen tes pendeteksi miskonsepsi model three tier multiple choice, untuk multi level sampai mikroskopis, ujicoba,  analisis data uji coba, dan  penyempurnaan desain.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa berdasarkan data uji coba instrument tes valid dan reliabel. Hasil analisis pemahaman konsep dasar kimia mahasiswa calon guru pada ujian akhir semester dengan instrument tes yang sudah disempurnakan menunjukkan 25 dari 50 mahasiswa (50% paham konsep dasar kimia, 20 dari 50 mahasiswa (40% mis konsepsi,  dan 5 dari 50 mahasiswa (10% tidak paham konsep dasar kimia. Saran diperlukan penyempurnaan desain tes diagnostic pendeteksi miskonsepsi, dan perluasan cakupan materi dasar kimia.   Abstract   ___________________________________________________________________   This research aims to design a diagnostic test instrument detection of misconceptions, to analyze the understanding of the basic concepts of chemistry student teachers. This test instrument is needed by the students to identify, analyze the extent to which understanding of the basic concepts of chemistry that has been given in lectures. Understanding of the basic

  8. Kepuasan Kerja dan Organizational Citizenship Behavior pada Guru Madrasah Aliyah

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    Ulfiani Rahman

    2014-06-01

     behavior berdasarkan usia, dan pengaruh kepuasan kerja terhadap organizational citizenship behavior guru. Penelitian ini termasuk ke dalam penelitian kuantitatif denganmenggunakan instrumen skala kepuasan kerja (Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire dan skala Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Penarikan sampel dalam penelitian ini menggunakan total sampling yakni sebanyak 32 guru yang dilakukan di Madrasah AliyahMadani Alauddin Paopao Gowa Sulawesi Selatan..Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan teknik statistik inferensial yaitu analisis uji t, analisis variansi 1 jalan (one way anova, dan analisis regresi linier sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan organizational citizenship behavior berdasarkan jenis kelamin, kemudian tidak terdapat perbedaan organizational citizenship behavior berdasarkan usia, dan terdapat pengaruh kepuasan kerja terhadap organizational citizenship behavior. Kata kunci: Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Kepuasan Kerja, Jenis Kelamin, Usia.

  9. Study of the Effect of Temporal Sampling Frequency on DSCOVR Observations Using the GEOS-5 Nature Run Results. Part II; Cloud Coverage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Daniel; Yang, Yuekui

    2016-01-01

    This is the second part of a study on how temporal sampling frequency affects satellite retrievals in support of the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) mission. Continuing from Part 1, which looked at Earth's radiation budget, this paper presents the effect of sampling frequency on DSCOVR-derived cloud fraction. The output from NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) Nature Run is used as the "truth". The effect of temporal resolution on potential DSCOVR observations is assessed by subsampling the full Nature Run data. A set of metrics, including uncertainty and absolute error in the subsampled time series, correlation between the original and the subsamples, and Fourier analysis have been used for this study. Results show that, for a given sampling frequency, the uncertainties in the annual mean cloud fraction of the sunlit half of the Earth are larger over land than over ocean. Analysis of correlation coefficients between the subsamples and the original time series demonstrates that even though sampling at certain longer time intervals may not increase the uncertainty in the mean, the subsampled time series is further and further away from the "truth" as the sampling interval becomes larger and larger. Fourier analysis shows that the simulated DSCOVR cloud fraction has underlying periodical features at certain time intervals, such as 8, 12, and 24 h. If the data is subsampled at these frequencies, the uncertainties in the mean cloud fraction are higher. These results provide helpful insights for the DSCOVR temporal sampling strategy.

  10. Perilaku Komunikasi antara Guru dengan Siswa Broken Home

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    Emilsyah Nur

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang menggunakan beberapa informan sebagai narasumber untuk menjawab permasalahan tentang opini publik terhadap komunikasi interpersonal dalam mengatasi orang tua broken home. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perilaku komunikasi siswa broken home di sekolah belum sepenuhnya efektif. Hal ini disebabkan oleh: intensitas komunikasi antara orang tua dan anak yang masih kurang sehingga anak enggan untuk terbuka kepada orang tuanya mengenai prestasi belajar. Kurangnya dukungan, rasa empati serta sikap positif yang diberikan orang tua kepada anak juga mempengaruhi hubungan interpersonal diantara orang tua dan anak yang menyebabkan anak lebih terbuka kepada teman atau kerabatnya daripada orang tuanya sendiri.Kesetaraan antara orang tua dan anak masih kurang. Perilaku komunikasi yang demikian sangat berpengaruh terhadap perilaku anak di sekolah. Beberapa faktor yang menghambat prilaku komunikasi siswa broken home  diantaranya yaitu  orang tua yang kurang bisa membagi waktu antara pekerjaan dan memberikan perhatian kepada anak di rumah sehingga komunikasi dengan anak tidak berjalan dengan lancar, sikap acuh tak acuh yang ditunjukkan orang tua membuat anak menjauhkan diri dan tidak terbuka kepada orang tua dan ketidakterbukaan siswa terhadap Guru.

  11. Persepsi Siswa Terhadap Pembelajaran Guru Pendidikan Jasmani Di SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri

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    Hendra Mashuri

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk memperoleh informasi tentang persepsi siswa terhadap pembelajaran guru pendidikan jasmani di SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri. Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana persepsi siswa terhadap pembelajaran guru pendidikan jasmani di SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri? Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian survei. Populasi yang digunakan adalah seluruh siswa SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri, sampel yang diambil berjumlah 60 siswa yang terdiri dari 20 siswa dari masing-masing kelas. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah angket dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persepsi siswa terhadap proses pembelajaran SMA Muhammadiyah Kediri mendapatkan skor 3115 atau rata-rata jawaban siswa 51,917 dengan persentase sebesar 74% dan masuk dalam kategori “Baik”. Dengan demikian dapat dikatakan bahwa persepsi siswa terhadap pembelajaran guru pendidikan jasmani adalah baik.

  12. Tera Ulang Peran Profetik Tuan Guru dalam Konteks Kebebasan Beragama di Pulau Lombok

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    Fawaizul Umam

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Ulama (Islamic scholars play important role in culturally paternalistic societies. Their prophetic role is theologically idealized as successors of prophets’ risâlah, mission. However, historically speaking, history yet often features reality that differs from their normative role. This paper aims to reevaluate the prophetic role of ulama in Lombok, called tuan guru, in the context of religious freedom praxsis. It is found that what is held by tuan guru in the realm of socio-politico-cultural tend to differ from his own existential theological spirit as one of socio-religious institutions. In the context of the praxis of religious freedom, tuan guru in general tend to play a role as a breeder and booster of anti pluralism discourses. Considering the theological claims of Islam itself as a spreader of mercy for all as well as political-cultural claims that Lombok is religious island, the island of thousand mosques, the realm seems ironic.

  13. PENGARUH KINERJA MENGAJAR GURU, KETERLIBATAN ORANG TUA, AKTUALISASI DIRI DAN MOTIVASI BERPRESTASI TERHADAP PRESTASI

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    Dwi Junianto

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri dan motivasi berprestasi terhadap prestasi siswa kelas XII pada mata pelajaran teori Teknik Kendaraan Ringan di SMK Negeri Se-Kabupaten Gunungkidul. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian kuantitatif dengan rancangan ex post facto.  Populasi penelitian ini sebanyak 535 siswa dengan sampel sebanyak 237 siswa, yang ditentukan secara proportional random sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan dua cara yaitu angket dan tes prestasi. Data penelitian yang terkumpul dianalisis menggunakan analisis regresi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri dan motivasi berprestasi masing-masing sebesar 0,145; 0,128; 0,108; dan 0,098. Kata kunci: kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri, motivasi berprestasi, prestasi belajar

  14. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR UNTUK PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN PENALARAN MATEMATIS MAHASISWA CALON GURU MATEMATIKA

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    Aan Subhan Pamungkas

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi dengan belum adanya bahan ajar untuk peningkatan kemampuan penalaran matematis bagi mahasiswa calon guru matematika sekolah menengah. Mengingat kemampuan penalaran tersebut sangat diperlukan untuk menarik kesimpulan atas permasalahan matematis, maka dirancanglah bahan ajar yang dapat mengembangkan kemampuan  bernalar mahasiswa. Produk dari penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan bahan ajar dalam bentuk lembar kerja mahasiswa. Metode yang digunakan adalah menggunakan penelitian pengembangan dengan model 4D, yaitu meliputi: (1 Define, pada tahapan ini pengembang melakukan analisis masalah dan potensi; (2 Design, pada tahap ini pengembang membuat produk awal (prototype atau rancangan produk yang disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan dan potensi yang ada; (3 Development, pada tahap ini kegiatan yang dilakukan dibagi kedalam dua kegiatan yaitu: expert appraisal dan developmental testing; (4 Disseminate, pada tahap ini kegiatan yang dilakukan adalah validation testing. Adapun hasil dari uji coba ahli menunjukkan bahwa bahan ajar yang dikembangkan termasuk kedalam kategori baik dan layak (80% digunakan untuk sumber pendukung perkuliahan. Kata Kunci: Kemampuan Penalaran, Bahan Ajar

  15. PENGARUH DISIPLIN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

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    Adi Wahyudi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh simultan dan parsial disiplin kerja, motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah terhadap kinerja guru. Populasi dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 37 guru, penentuan sampel menggunakan rumus yang dikembangkan oleh Isaac & Michael yang berjumlah 34 guru. Sampel diambil menggunakan teknik sample random sampling. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner tertutup. Analisis yang digunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis inferensial parametriks. Hasil penelitian diperoleh terdapat pengaruh simultan disiplin kerja,motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 65,4 %. Terdapat pengaruh parsial disiplin kerja sebesar 17.56%, motivasi kerja sebesar 27.77%, dan supervisi kepala sekolah sebesar 15.21% terhadap kinerja guru. Dengan adanya disiplin kerja, motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah dapat meningkatkan kinerja guru. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there was influences of working discipline, working motivation, school principal supervision toward working performance teachers. The population in this research was 37 teacher’s, determination of the sample using the formula developed by Isaac & Michael, amounting to 34 teacher’s. Samples were taken using simple random sampling technique. The data collection methods used a closed questionnaire. The analysis technique use were descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The research results are simultaneous the influence of working discipline, working motivation, and school principal supervision toward working performance teachers is 65.4%. There is a partial influence of working discipline is 17.56%, work motivation is 27.77%, and school principal supervision of 15:21% toward performance of teachers. With the existence of working discipline, working motivation, and school principal supervision can improve teacher performance.

  16. Pola Pembinaan Kompetensi Kepribadian dan Kompetensi Sosial Guru di SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo

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    Bambang Wahrudin

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This research is motivated by the importance of personal competence and social competence teacher as the spirit of education. The focus of reasearch is know the program fostering personal competence and social competence teacherin SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo . Deep observation and interview used in this research by qualitative aproach. The result shows that personality competence development programs conducted in six (6 forms include: 1 Dhuhr and Asr prayers in congregation, 2 Baitul Arqom for teachers and employees, 3 Course / tahsin read the Koran for teachers and employees, 4 Pray tahajud ahad congregation every morning, and 5 Training Motivation and 6 Counseling, whereas social competence training program conducted by three (3 forms, namely: 1 Piket Sympathetic, 2 MGMPs and 3 Sinergy Building. These patern have made theacher have stong  professionaly and  authority Abstrak Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh pentingnya kompetensi kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial bagi guru sebagai ruh pendidikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui program pembinaan kompetensi kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial guru di SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo. Reset mendalam dilakukan secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkaan bahwa Program pembinaan kompetensi kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial sumber daya manusia di SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo menggunakan 6 (enam bentuk meliputi: 1. sholat Dhuhur dan Ashar berjamaah, 2. baitul Arqom untuk guru dan karyawan, 3. kursus/tahsin baca al-Qur’an untuk guru dan karyawan, 4. sholat tahajud berjamaah setiap ahad dini hari, dan 5. training motivasi dan 6. konseling, sedangkan program pembinaan kompetensi sosial dilakukan dengan 3 (tiga bentuk, yaitu: 1. paket Simpatik, 2.  MGMP dan 3. sinergy Building. Pola ini telah berhasil menghantarkan guru sebagai guru yang profesional yang kuat dan berwibawa.

  17. KONTRIBUSI SUPERVISI PENGAWAS MADRASAH DAN MOTIVASI KERJA GURU TERHADAP KINERJA GURU MTS SEKECAMATAN SUNGAI TARAB

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    Hendri Marita

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Contributions Supervision of Trustees Madrasah and Work Motivation to Teachers Performance MTs se-Kecamatan Sungai Tarab. On the basis preliminary field observation, the researcher noticed that the Kecamatan Sungai Tarab Islamic Junior High School Teacher’s performance was relatively low. It was presumed that the teacher’s low performance was caused by of the school supervision and low motivation of the teacher’s. This research was intended to find out the contribution of the school supervision and motivation to ward the teacher’s performance. There is hypotheses to be tested: Supervision contributed significantly toward the teacher’s performance. Research population were all teacher’s of Islamic junior high school consisting of 58 teacher’s were selected as a research sample by means of stratified random sampling technique. The result of data analyses show that The supervision of the school contributed significantly (50,9% to ward the teacher’s performance.. It is then concluded that the supervision is important factors that may influence the performance of Kecamatan Sungai Tarab Islamic Junior High School teacher’s, yet not to ignore other factors which are not treated in this research. Based on the research findings it is recommended that the two researched factors be paid more attention in order to improve and increase the teacher’s performance. Kata Kunci : Supervisi pengawas, kinerja guru

  18. MORAL SEBAGAI EFEK MODERASI PADA SIKAP MENTAL DAN KOMITMEN KERJA GURU

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    Susminingsih *

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Guru wiyata bhakti sebagai human resource mempunyai kompetensi nalar sosial dan nalar spiritual yang menjadi modal utama bagi performa mereka sebagai pendidik. Sikap mental didukung dengan pemahaman moral yang baik ternyata melahirkan komitmen kerja para guru yang luar biasa. Potensi ini sangat penting untuk membangun mutual relationship dari para stakeholder pendidikan, agar terwujud kualitas pendidikan yang kompetitif. Kematangan kedua nalar tersebut dalam pembentukan kepribadian yang matang pada akhirnya akan memunculkan sikap profesional dan tanggung jawab profesional. Hal ini terjadi karena secara otomatis akan memunculkan sikap moral atau integritas moral yang tinggi pula.

  19. ETIKA PROFESI SEBAGAI UPAYA PREVENTIF UNTUK MEMINIMALISASI PELANGGARAN HUKUM YANG DILAKUKAN OLEH GURU

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    Pudji Astuti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pelanggaran hukum sering dilakukan oleh guru dalam melaksanakan tugasnya. Tidak hanya pelanggarandalam proses pembelajaran, tetapi sering kekerasan terhadap siswa, terutama di sekolah dasar. Hal inisangat mengkhawatirkan perkembangan psikologis siswa. Pada kenyataannya mereka adalah harapanbangsa. Untuk menghilangkan tindakan tersebut diperlukan untuk upaya represif dan preventif. Upayayang dilakukan oleh sanksi administratif represif sanksi pidana jika pelanggaran hukum telah terjadi.Upaya pencegahan yang dilakukan untuk menerapkan Etika Profesi. Etika Profesiberfungsi sebagaikontrol kualitas dan perilaku guru dalam melaksanakan tugasnya untuk menjamin kepuasan pelangganatas jasa-jasanya. Kata kunci: etika profesi, upaya pencegahan.

  20. MEMBANGUN PROFESIONALISME GURU KONSELING SEKOLAH MELALUI PENYAMPAIAN BAHASA YANG SANTUN

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    Istina Rakhmawati

    2014-01-01

    Kata Kunci: Profesionalisme  Guru Konseling, Stelistika Bahasa PROFESSIONALISM   OF  TEACHER SCHOOL BUILDING THROUGH COUNSELING FOR SUBMISSION OF LANGUAGE POLITE.This  paper aims to find out the demands of the competence of teachers,  including  teachers,  school  guidance and counseling as a profession will inevitably be met. Teachers build a professional  counseling  services will  be  requested  by the service user accountability  in schools. The problem, whether the counseling service (BK has been implemented  by teachers in a professional counseling? Is the  guidance and counseling teacher professionalism have reached the professional standards set? The issues are complex and widespread, the  lack of professional  guidance  and counseling teachers as a result of competence guidance and counseling teacher are inadequate, and demand changes in the competitive professional services, require an increase in the professionalism of teachers guidance and counseling particularly  related  attitudes,  knowledge  and skills guidance  teachers  and counseling. Currently  Teachers Counseling at school  is less selective  in terms of providing guidance should be obtained student. The results of this paper is under the teacher’s role counseling should not only oriented to the career guidance but also should pay attention to tutoring , guidance  to be good, the guidance behaves politely, honest, and guidance homage to the father-mother teacher and guidance to the public the academic community ( friends peer at school or in this case to obey the rules discipline in school and outside  school. One  to determine the potential of students by conducting  pilot classes  and tests  students’  abilities and talents. Keywords: Professionalism, Teacher Counseling , Stelistika  Language

  1. PENGARUH SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN MOTIVASI KERJA GURU TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

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    uli uslihatul ulya

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Teachers performance is a job result that reached by teacher in perform duty assignment that is charged to them.� In Fact there are many� problems / con- straint that gets bearing with teacher performance, amongst those, not all teacher are develop Lesson Plan until maximal. where at in it don�t at education point entries nation character and has no it Explorations, Elaboration, Confirmation in activity fundamental learning. Then in teaching and learning interaction performing, not all teacher are utilize media and a variety learning model. Method that is utilized is not variation,only discourse and question-answer. Besides it, extant teacher which haven�t performed Action Research brazes. That thing because of� headmaster su- pervision was not performed with best and teacher have not high job motivation. Problem formulation in this research is what exists positive influence headmaster supervision and teacher job motivation for economics-accountancy teachers perfor- mance in every SMA Negeri of� Pemalang Regency whether simultan or partial.

  2. PENGARUH PERSEPSI PROFESI GURU, LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA, EFIKASI DIRI TERHADAP MINAT MENJADI GURU

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    Desti Wahyuni

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe the influence of perceptions about teachers profession, family environment, and self efficacy to interest being a teacher in student of education, both simultaneously and partially. The population in this study were student of Accounting Education Economic Faculty, Semarang State University force year 2014, amounting to 166 students. Technique of sampling uses population samples, so all of population becomes respondents of research. Methods of data collection using questionnaire. Data analysis method used is descriptive analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that, simultaneously perceptions about teachers profession, family environment, and self efficacy affect to interest being a teacher by 52.1%, while the remaining 47.9% influenced by other variables out of models that not revealed in this study. Partially, perceptions about teachers profession are not proven to have an effect on the interest being a teacher by 0.34%. While the family environment and self efficacy have an effect on teacher's interest, respectively by 2.79%, and 38.07% .

  3. Karakteristik Pengembangan Tes Keterampilan Berpiki Kritis Bumi dan Antariksa Untuk Calon Guru

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    Taufik Ramlan Ramalis

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of the f critical thinking skills test and measurement errors according to classical test theory and item response theory. The test is based on the basic concepts and essential principles of the Earth Space, with reference to the core critical thinking skills. The research method used a mixed methods design with embedded experimental models. The analysis in this study is based on 41 responses of students teacher prospective who have taken IPBA courses at the Physics education department of FPMIPA UPI. Based on classical test theory indicates that of 18 test items were analyzed 15 items were good quality, reliability index of 0.89. From information function and standard error measurement of item response theory, the overall conclusion of this evaluation is that the model 2PL is better to use when evaluating the test. Keywords: critical thinking skills, earth and space, classical test theory, item response theory Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis karakteristik tes keterampilan berpikir kritis serta kesalahan pengukuran menurut teori tes klasik dan teori respons item. Tes disusun berdasarkan konsep dasar dan prinsip esensial sains Bumi dan Antariksa, dengan mengacu pada inti keterampilan berpikir kritis. Metode penelitiannya menggunakan mixed methods dengan desain embedded experimental model. Analisis dalam penelitian ini didasarkan pada respons 41 mahasiswa calon guru yang telah mengambil matakuliah IPBA di departemen pendidikan Fisika FPMIPA UPI. Berdasarkan teori tes klasik menunjukkan bahwa dari 18 item tes yang dianalisis 15 item yang berkualitas baik, indeks reliabilitas 0,89. Dari fungsi informasi dan pengukuran kesalahan baku pada teori respons item, kesimpulan keseluruhan dari evaluasi ini adalah bahwa model 2PL adalah lebih baik untuk digunakan ketika mengevaluasi tes. Kata-kata kunci: keterampilan berpikir kritis, bumi dan antariksa, teori tes klasik

  4. KEMAMPUAN SUBJECT SPECIFIC PEDAGOGY CALON GURU BIOLOGI PESERTA PROGRAM PENDIDIKAN PROFESIONAL GURU (PPG YANG BERLATAR BELAKANG BASIC SAINS PRA DAN POST WORKSHOP

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    Yenny Anwar

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan/mendeskripsikan kemampuan Subjek Spesifik Pedagogi mahasiswa calon guru biologi yang mengikuti program Pendidikan Profesional Guru (PPG angkatan 2012-2013 melalui pendekatan konsekutif.  Hasil sementara menunjukkan  bahwa Kemampuan Subject Specific Pedagogy mahasiswa calon guru biologi yang berlatar belakang Biologi murni program Basic Science masih minim, dapat dilihat dari hasil CoRes dan PaP-eRs buatan mereka sebelum mengikuti workshop. Setelah workshop semester I diperoleh hasil yang menunjukkan peningkatan yang cukup baik.   This study aimed to describe / describes the ability of prospective students Subject Specific Pedagogy biology teachers who follow the Professional Teacher Education Program (PTEP 2012-2013 armed consecutive approach. Preliminary results indicate that the ability of prospective students Subject Specific Pedagogy biology teacher who belongs to the pure Biology Basic Science program is minimal, it can be seen from the cores and pap-ers made ​​them before the workshop. After the workshop the first half of the obtained results that showed a pretty good improvement.

  5. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGIK GURU DAN KEMAMPUAN AKADEMIK SISWA MELALUI LESSON STUDY

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    Eka Andriani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to improve teachers' pedagogical competence and academic achievement of students through lesson study based learning. The design of this study is classroom action research method of observation and written tests. The data were analyzed by quantitative descriptive. The research was conducted on a geography teacher and students of class XI social science programe specialization courses in high school. The results showed an increase pedagogical competence of teachers of the first cycle to the second cycle. This can be seen from the ability of teachers prepare lesson plans and implementing learning. Based learning lesson study also impact on improving the academic skills of students in the form of activity and learning outcomes. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kompetensi pedagogik guru dan prestasi akademik siswa melalui pembelajaran berbasis lesson study. Rancangan penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas dengan metode observasi dan tes tertulis. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada guru Geografi dan siswa kelas XI program peminatan ilmu sosial di SMA. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya peningkatan kompetensi pedagogik guru dari siklus I ke siklus II. Hal ini bisa dilihat dari kemampuan guru menyusun RPP dan melaksanakan pembelajaran. Pembelajaran berbasis lesson study juga berdampak pada peningkatan kemampuan akademis siswa berupa aktivitas dan hasil belajar.

  6. Pengaruh Spiritual Leadership Kepala Sekolah Dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Disiplin Kerja Guru Di Madrasah Tsanawiyyah

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    Ismatullah, Nur Hasanah

    2014-01-01

    Disiplin kerja merupakan suatu sikap dan perilaku mentaati segala peraturan yang didasarkan atas kesadaran diri untuk menyesuaikan dengan peraturan organisasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis pengaruh spiritual leadership kepala sekolah dan motivasi kerja terhadap disiplin kerja guru di Madrasah Tsanawiyyah (MTs) se-Kota Sukabumi. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif dan asosiatif. Data dikumpulkan dengan menyebarkan angket. Data dianalisis dengan...

  7. Kepemimpinan Kharismatis-Transformatif Tuan Guru Dalam Perubahan Sosial Masyarakat Sasak-Lombok Melalui Pendidikan

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    Mohamad Iwan Fitriani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article studies about  social change of Lombok Moslems under Tuan Guru’s Leadership. Here, Tuan Guru won’t be studied personally but focused on rationale, forms, sources of influence and leadership type of Tuan Guru in social change of Moslem Lombok community. Term of Tuan Guru derives from Tuan (al ha>jj dan guru (teacher, but not all of al ha>jj and teachers are called Tuan Guru for a main reason that Tuan Guru is a name for someone which is obtained from social legitimation and based on his knowledge and behaviour. Tuan Guru is sometimes called as Kyai, but not all of Kyais are Tuan Guru. This article showed that social changes done by Tuan Guru since there’s a gap between ideal and behavioral pattern among Lombok Moslem community, evolutif and planned form of change through educating society, Tuan Guru’s sources of influence consist of positional and personal power where Tuan Guru is regarded as waratsatu al-anbiya>’i and the legitimated interpreter or custodian of islamic teaching. What is said and done by Tuan Guru will be referrence of Lombok Moslems and the last is charismatic-transformative leadership type of Tuan Guru consists of idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, individual consideration and inspirational motivation.    الملخص: درست هذه المقالة التغيّر الإجتماعي في المجتمع اللومبوكي تحت رياسة توان غورو. ولا تدرس هذه المقالة توان غورو كفرد وإنما تركّز في الحجة والشكل ومصدر الـتأثير ونمط رياسته في تغيّر المجتمع اللومبوكي المسلم.  وأصل مصطلح توان غورو من كلمة tuan  (الحاجّ و   guru (مدرّس ، ولكن ليس كل حاجّ يدرّس  هو توان غورو. لأن هذا المصطلح  من اعتراف المجتمع على أساس العلم وصلاح سلوك الشخص

  8. Suplemen Panduan Guru dalam Pengembangan Pembelajaran Tematik Kompetensi Dasar Matematika Kelas IV

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    Isti Hidayah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah Dasar (SD dengan penguatan tahapan enaktif-ikonik-simbolik berbantuan serang-kaian pertanyaan produktif. Perangkat pembelajaran berupa Panduan Guru sebagai suple-men dalam mengembangkan rancangan pembelajaran tematik kompetensi dasar (KD Ma-tematika kelas IV semester gasal. Penelitian ini telah menghasilkan Panduan Guru dengan perangkatnya, yaitu alat peraga sebagai representasi enaktif; media visual dalam bentuk po-werpoint sebagai representasi ikonik; lembar kegiatan peserta didik (LKPD dan lembar tu-gas peserta didik (LTPD, serta kartu masalah (contextual problem. Produk yang telah di-hasilkan akan membantu guru dalam mengembangkan rancangan pembelajaran dalam im-plementasi Kurikulum 2013. Hasil implementasi menunjukkan bahwa produk penelitian be-rupa Suplemen Panduan Guru membantu guru dalam mengembangkan rancangan dan pe-laksanaan pembelajaran dengan pendekatan ilmiah. Penyempurnaan Suplemen difokuskan pada keterpaduan aspek sikap, keterampilan, dan pengetahuan.Kata kunci: suplemen panduan guru; pembelajaran tematik KD Matematika; contextual                         problem   AbstractThe purpose of this research is to develop elementary mathematics learning devices with reinforcement stages enactive-iconic-symbolic aidednquestion series of productive to strengthen the ability of solving Mathematics problem students since early. A learning device Teacher’s Guide as a supplement in developing basic competencies thematic lesson plan fourth grade Math odd semester. This research has produced a Teacher’s Guide with the device; witch is a representation enactive prop; visual media in the form of PowerPoint as iconic representations; students’ activity sheets (LKPD and students’ task sheet (LTPD, and card problems (contextual problem. The benefit of this research that has been produced to assist teachers in developing

  9. KETIKA KEBIJAKAN ORDE LAMA MEMASUKI DOMAIN PENDIDIKAN: PENYIAPAN DAN KINERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI INDONESIA

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    Umasih Umasih

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reveals how the educational policy in Indonesia during The Old Order. The domination of government (Soekarno as expressed in the domination theory by Antonio Gramsci which a politic is a commander and it can dominate whole Indonesia society life including an educational aspect. Furthermore, Soekarno as an individual manivesto has given a space for PKI because of their closeness. When the Minister, Prijono, issued a decision concerning about Pancawardhana Educational System, The Institution of National Education which is affiliated by PKI giving a formulation of Pancacinta. An education in the political manifesto obliges teachers enter into a practical politics life, teachers have to be revolutionary . It means that the learning practice is given toward students through indoctrination.  No less than 2000 teachers in the East java and the Cental Java finally became PKI members, then about  580 teachers of elementary school from the West Java. Even PKI has succeeded to divide the organization of teacher’s membership into The Cental Vak PGRI and  non Vak Central PGRI. Keywords : The Old Order, The Pacawardhana Educational System, the performance of elementary teachers.  Artikel ini mengungkapkan bagaimana kebijakan pendidikan Indonesia pada masa Orde Lama. Dominasi pemerintah (Soekarno seperti diungkapkan dalam teori  dominasi oleh ntonio Gramsci di mana politik adalah panglima dan dapat mendominasi segala kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia termasuk dalam bidang pendidikan. Tidak hanya itu, Presiden Soekarno sebagai manivesto perseorangan  juga  telah  memberi ruang gerak pada PKI karena kedekatan hubungannya dengan Presiden Soekarno.  Ketika Menteri Prijono mengeluarkan keputusan tentang Sistem Pendidikan Pancawardhana, Lembaga Pendidikan Nasional yang berafiliasi dengan PKI memberi rumusan tentang Pancacinta. Pendidikan dalam alam manipol mengharuskan guru terjun dalam kehidupan politik praktis, guru harus revolusioner yang

  10. Kemampuan Guru Mengelola Pembelajaran Fisika di SLTPN Kota Banjarmasin

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    Sugiarto Sugiarto

    2004-01-01

    working motivation and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (rt (2ti4ii} — 0.814; 8There was a positive and significant correlation between the working spirit and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (r2ra34i> = 0.59; 2 There was a positive correlation between the teaching experience and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (r3 a 24i = 0.549; 10 There was a positive correlation between the trainings and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (r4^lt2,3t4,s= 0.574; 11 There was a positive correlation between the educational level and the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics (rMlJt3Ai— 0.542; 12 There was a positive correlation between the working spirit, the teaching experience, the trainings, and the educational level simultaneously, and the teachers' ability in managing of learning of physics with (IV (Ujt4 = 0.931; 13 The contribution of the working motivation, the working spirit, the teaching experience, the trainings, and the educational level simultaneously to the teachers'ability in managing of learning of physics was 86.7% (R = 0.867, the contribution of the work motivation was 22.7% , the contribution of the working spirit was 17.1%, the contribution of the teaching experience was 20.4%, the constribution of the trainings was 11.00% and that of the educational level was 15.5%; Kata kunci: kemampuan guru mengelola, pembelajaran fisika.

  11. PENGARUH SIKAP GURU TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN KARAKTER (PEDULI SOSIAL SISWA DI MI MADINATUNNAJAH KOTA CIREBON

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    Akhmad Busyaeri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKSikap merupakan sesuatu yang dipelajari dan sikap menentukan bagaimana individu bereaksi terhadap situasi serta menentukan apa yang dicari individu dalam kehidupannya. Sikap mengandung tiga komponen, yaitu komponen kognitif, komponen afektif dan tingkah laku. Sikap selalu berkenaan dengan suatu objek dan sikap terhadap objek ini disertai dengan perasaan positif dan negatif. Sikap dari seorang guru adalah salah satu faktor yang menentukan bagi perkembangan jiwa anak didik selanjutnya. Karena sikap seorang guru tidak hanya dilihat dalam waktu mengajar saja, tetapi juga dilihat tingkah lakunya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari oleh anak didiknya.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pendekatan kuantitatif, untuk pengumpulan data dilaksanakan dengan teknik penyebaran angket dan studi dokumentasi. Pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini dilakukan dengan cara populasi sampel dan dipilih kelas V yang berjumlah 24 siswa. yang dijadikan sampel pada penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V. Dan untuk menganalisis data, penulis menggunakan analisis regresi dengan bantuan program SPSS 17.0 for windows. Pengaruh sikap guru di MI Madinatunajah kota Cirebon berada dalam kategori sedang. Hal ini dapat diketahui bahwa hasil angket pengaruh sikap guru sebesar 42,08 berada pada interval 36-55 (sedang, Dan pengembangan karaktr (peduli social kelas V di MI Madinataunnajah  mencapai 43,42 sedangkan median (nilai tengahnya adalah 44,00, serta modus (nilai yang sering muncul juga diperoleh dengan nilai 44. Dari hasil analisis menunjukan Koefisien Korelasi sebesar 0,511 dan Koefisien Determinasi sebesar 26,11 %. Dan nilai thitung  sebesar 2,787. Karena thitung > ttabel yakni 2,787 > 1,717. Maka hipotesis diterima.

  12. ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN GURU MATEMATIKA SMP DALAM MEMBUAT SOAL-SOAL PEMECAHAN MASALAH

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    N. Hidayah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini untuk mengetahui kemampuan guru matematika SMP dalam membuat soal pemecahan masalah yang digunakan dalam latihan soal olimpiade. Metode yang digunakan adalah kualitatif. Proses pengambilan data dilakukan dua kali, analisis data tahap pertama dan kedua menunjukkan bahwa guru matematika SMP dalam membuat soal pemecahan masalah kategori berpikir tingkat tinggi masih  kurang.  Karena  dari  empat  materi  matematika  yaitu  kombinatorika, aljabar, geometri dan teori bilangan masih terdapat soal-soal yang masuk kategori berpikir  tingkat  rendah.  Terutama  pada  materi  geometri  mengalami  kesulitan dalam membuat soal pemecahan masalah. Dalam hal ini guru telah mengetahui tentang soal pemecahan masalah meskipun didefiniskan secara berbeda. Sehingga sebenarnya soal pemecahan masalah bukan merupakan hal yang baru bagi guru matematika SMP.AbstractThis study was to determine the ability of  junior high school math teacher in making the problem solving exercises used in the Mathematics Olympics. The method used is qualitative. The process of  data collection is done twice, the first stage of  data analysis and the second shows that the teachers in the junior high school mathematics problem solving to make higher order thinking category is still lacking. Because of  the four materials, namely combinatorics math, algebra, geometry and number theory, there are still problems in the category of lower order thinking. Mainly on the geometry of the material have difficulty in making the matter of solving the problem. In this case the teacher has to know about the matter of solving the problem though defined differently. So the actual problem solving is not a new thing for the junior high school math teacher.

  13. PENINGKATAN KETRAMPILAN PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER (PLC PADA GURU SMKN DI PURWOREJO, JAWA TENGAH

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    Bernadeta Wuri Harini

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Untuk bisa membekali lulusan dengan ketrampilan yang memadai, perlu disiapkan pengajar yang berkualitas, serta memliki ketrampilan yang baik. Salah satu ketrampilan yang perlu dimiliki oleh guru SMK bidang elektro adalah Programmable Logic Controller (PLC. Pelatihan PLC dilaksanakan selama 4 hari berturut-turut pada tanggal 12 – 15 Mei 2016 di SMKN 1 Purworejo. Pelatihan ini diikuti oleh 19 guru dari SMKN 1 dan SMKN 7 Purworejo. Pelatihan terdiri dari 8 modul, mulai dari Pengenalan PLC, Pengenalan PLC M221 Training Kit, pemrograman dan wiring. Untuk mengetahui seberapa besar peningkatan kemampuan PLC, maka sebelum dan sesudah pelatihan dilaksanakan tes. Di akhir pelatihan dilaksanakan evaluasi kegiatan untuk mengetahui kualitas pelatihan. Nilai rata-rata Pre Test adalah 31,44 sedangkan nilai rata-rata Post Test adalah 69,08. Dengan demikian terjadi peningkatan sebesar 119,7%. Rata-rata penilaian evaluasi kegiatan adalah 4,095 dari skala 5. Dari nilai tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa pelatihan ini telah berhasil dalam meningkatkan ketrampilan guru dalam bidang PLC.

  14. PENERAPAN PENILAIAN PORTOFOLIO PEMBELAJARAN GURU SMKN DI KELAS X PADA MATA PELAJARAN PEMROGRAMAN WEB

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    Isyatul Karimah

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The change of the curriculum affects the process of teaching and learning activities of teachers with students, so that required documentation of teaching and learning activities. The objective is to apply portfolio assessments and to obtain learning documentation from planning, implementation, and evaluation that embraces Lesson Study principles and to obtain student learning outcomes and to know how to implement teacher competencies. The method used using case study, type of research using grounded theory with data collection using snowball sampling as well as searching the validity of research findings using source triangulation techniques and method triangulation. The result of the research is the learning process which is planned, implemented, and evaluated by the teacher for one semester. Pergantian kurikulum memengaruhi proses kegiatan belajar mengajar guru dengan siswa sehingga diperlukan dokumentasi kegiatan belajar mengajar. Tujuannya adalah untuk menerapkan penilaian portofolio dan mendapatkan dokumentasi pembelajaran mulai dari perencanaan (plan, pelaksanaan (do, dan evaluasi (see yang menganut prinsip Lesson Study serta untuk mendapatkan hasil belajar siswa dan mengetahui cara mengimplementasikan kompetensi guru. Metode yang digunakan mengunakan studi kasus, jenis penelitian menggunakan grounded theory dengan penjaringan data menggunakan snowball sampling serta mencari keabsahan temuan penelitian menggunakan teknik triangulasi sumber dan triangulasi metode. Hasil penelitian berupa proses pembelajaran yang direncanakan, dilaksanakan, dan dievaluasikan oleh guru selama satu semester.

  15. Peningkatan Keterampilan Memberi Umpan Balik Guru Pendidikan Jasmani dan Kesehatan Kecamatan Taman Kabupaten Sidoarjo

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    Muhammad Yanuar Rizky

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tindakan pendampingan yang mampu meningkatkan keterampilan mengajar terutama pada aspek memberi umpan balik guru pendidikan jasmani olahraga dan kesehatan Sekolah Dasar Negeri di Kecamatan Taman kabupaten sidoarjo setelah diberikan pendampingan. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan (action reseach. Tindakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu, 1. Pemberian tayangan video keterampilan memberi umpan balik pada data primer, 2. Pendampingan perekaman dan diskusi hasil dilapangan, 3. Refleksi. Subjek dari penelitian ini ada 4 Guru Pendidikan Jasmani Olahraga dan Kesehatan SDN di Kecamatan Taman Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Data hasil dari penelitian yang diperoleh dari nilai keterampilan memberi umpan balik pada 4 guru pendidikan jasmani olahraga dan kesehatan yaitu: (1 SDN Sepanjang I sebelumnya mendapatkan nilai 2 menjadi 5, (2 SDN Ketegan I sebelumnya mendapatkan nilai 2 menjadi 5, (3 SDN Trosobo I sebelumnya mendapatkan nilai 0 menjadi 2, (4 SDN Kramat Jegu II sebelumnya mendapatkan nilai 0 menjadi 2. Rata- rata pre-test 1 dan rata-rata post-test 3.5. Berdasarkan perhitungan statistik diketahui bahwa nilai 8.70 > 2.35 sehingga dapat disumpulkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara pre-test dan post-test, dimana nilai pre-test lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan nilai post-test.

  16. Persepsi Guru dan Siswa SD di Yogyakarta terhadap Program Conservation Scout

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    Wahyu Wido Sari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Penanaman karakter cinta lingkungan dan pemahaman akan pentingnya konservasi perlu dilakukan sejak dini. Program conservation scout atau pandu konservasi menawarkan edukasi dan empowering siswa SD mengenai konservasi. Kegiatan ini bertempat di Pusat Studi Lingkungan, Universitas Sanata Dharma dan melibatkan 38 SD di Yogyakarta. Peserta conservation scout terdiri dari 32 guru dan 70 siswa SD.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat respon sekolah, persepsi guru, persepsi siswa, dan keberhasilan sekolah dalam mendukung program conservation scout. Metode yang digunakan adalah action reseach, survey, dan diskriptif kualitatif. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner dengan hasil validasi sangat baik.Sekolah memberikan respon sangat positif (84% terhadap program conservation scout, dari 38 sekolah yang diundang, ada 32 sekolah yang mengikuti program ini. Guru memberikan persepsi negatif (2,50, bukan pada esensi program melainkan pada teknik pelaksanaan program. Siswa memberikan persepsi positif (3,51 dan 36 dari 70 siswa berhasil melakukan peer tutoring dan kampanye mengenai konservasi. Ada 53, 12 % SD yang siswanya menjadi duta konservasi lingkungan.

  17. URGENSI TUNTUTAN PROFESIONALISME DAN HARAPAN MENJADI GURU BERKARAKTER (Studi Kasus: Sekolah Dasar dan Sekolah Menengah Pertama di Kabupaten Batubara

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    Deny Setiawan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peningkatan profesionalisme guru, kualitas anak didik, dan guru yang berkarakter. Populasi penelitian adalah guru SD di Provinsi Sumatera Utara dengan sampel yang diambil secara purposive, yaitu Kabupaten Batubara. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik tes, wawancara, FGD, dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan teknik statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa nilai UKG SD dan SMP tahun 2013 di Kabupaten Batubara secara nasional sangat rendah, bahkan ada yang memiliki nilai kompetensi 1,0. Nilai rata-rata kompetensi guru hanya sebesar 39,61 untuk guru SD, masih berada di bawah nilai rata-rata secara nasional dan Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Nilai UKG SMP sebesar 46,86 masih berada di bawah nilai rata-rata nasional. Hal itu menunjukkan bahwa sebagian guru di Batubara masih memiliki profesionalisme yang rendah dalam melakukan tugas profesinya sehingga ke depan diharapkan perkembangan karakter guru yang berkualitas. THE URGENT DEMAND FOR PROFESSIONALISM AND THE HOPE FOR TEACHERS WITH GOOD CHARACTERS Abstract: The purpose of this research is to describe the improvement of teachers’ professionalism, students’ quality and teachers’ characters. The research population was primary school teachers in North Sumatra in Batubara Regency who were recruited through purposive sampling. Data were collected through test, interview, FGD and documentation study. The research results show that the value of UKG at elementary and secondary schools in 2013 in Batubara Regency, is very low, and some schools even have the competence value as much as 1.0. The average of primary school teachers’ competence is only 39.61, below the national and provincial average. While the SMP UKG value is 46.86 which is still below the national average. It shows that some teachers in Batubara are still less professional and thus need to further develop

  18. PENGARUH MOTIVASI DAN KEPUASAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMP NEGRI 5 MAGELANG

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    Lutviani Rahayu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah guru PNS di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang sebanyak 38 responden. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa persamaan garis regresi linier berganda yaitu Y = 0,182 + 0,283 + e; Y (kinerja guru, X1 (motivasi, X2 (kepuasan kerja. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh antara motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. OutputSPSS pengaruh X1 terhadap Y sebesar 0,643 dengan nilai hubungan parsial sebesar 12,1% pada taraf signifikansi 0,035, sedangkan X2 terhadap Y sebesar 0,178 dengan hubungan parsial sebesar 17,8% pada taraf signifikansi 0,011. Jadi semakin baik motivasi dan kepuasan kerja maka semakin baik pula kinerja guru. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there is an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on theteachers’ performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang either simultaneously or partially. The population in this research was a public civil servants in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang are 38 respondents. The collecting method was questionnaire and documentation. The analysis data technique were descriptive. The analysis showed that the multiple linear regression equation is Y = 0,182X1 + 0,283X2 + E, with Y (teachers’ performance, X1 (motivation, X2 (job satisfaction. These results indicated that there was an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on the teachers’s performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. The SPSS output effect of X1 on Y of 0.643 with a value 12.1% partial relationship at a significance level of 0.035, while the X2 to Y of 0.178 with 17.8% partial relations at a significance level of 0.011. So the better motivation and job satisfaction, the better the

  19. PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN ORIENTASI DAN MOBILITAS UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU PADA TAMAN KANAK-KANAK INKLUSIF

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    Sri Joeda Andajani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this service is to increase the teachers’ knowledge and skills on learning orientation and mobility services for competence development of teachers in the inclusion kindergarten. The implementation methods of learning orientation and mobility for the competence development of teachers in this inclusion kindergarten is starting the initial condition of the kindergarten teachers’ knowledge and skill in learning orientation and mobility for blind children that are still low. Then, the process of learning orientation and mobility services are effective in the inclusive learning environment in the kindergarten. Embodiments for creating a learning environment that is attractive and fun for blind children who study with normal children in the implementation of inclusive education as follows: a the teacher has the potential to prepare lesson plans based on the conditions and the ability of students, b the utilization of resources and learning media provided is capable of reaching and stimulate all students without exception in learning, and c the potential to manage learning groups that can accept one another and work together to learn, and d the provision of direct assessment of the success blind children in the inclusive kindergarten. Tujuan kegiatan pelayanan ini adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan guru tentang pelayanan pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas untuk pengembangan kompetensi guru di taman kanak-kanak inklusi. Metode pelaksanaan pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas untukpengembangan kompetensi guru di taman kanak-kanak inklusi ini yaitu dimulai kondisi awal guru TK dalam pengetahuan dan keterampilan dalam pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas pada anak tunanetra masih rendah. Kemudian proses pelayanan pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas yang efektif pada lingkungan belajar pada TK inklusif..Perwujudan untuk menciptakan lingkungan pembelajaran yang menarik dan menyenangkan bagi anak tunanetra yang belajar

  20. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF BERBASIS INFORMASI BERMAKNA MATERI PERSAMAAN DIFERENSIAL ORDE DUA UNTUK MELATIHKAN KOMPETENSI GURU PROFESIONAL

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    Fatriya Adamura

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Karena belum ada perangkat pembelajaran kooperatif berbasis informasi bermakna materi persamaan diferensial ordo dua, maka dilakukan penelitian pengembangan untuk mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran kooperatif berbasis informasi bermakna materi persamaan diferensial ordo dua. Penelitian yang telah dilakukan adalah penelitian pengembangan. Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran kooperatif berbasis informasi bermakna materi persamaan diferensial ordo dua. Penelitian pengembangan dilakukan dengan menggunakan model 4-D yang telah dimodifikasi. Tahap model 4-D yang telah dimodifikasi terdiri dari pendefinisian (define, perancangan (design, dan pengembangan (develop. Kesimpulan yang didapatkan berdasarkan hasil penelitian adalah perangkat pembelajaran kooperatif berbasis informasi bermakna materi persamaan diferensial ordo dua yang baik telah didapatkan karena tim validator (ahli atau praktisi menyatakan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan valid (berdasarkan pada rasional teoritik yang kuat dan terdapat konsistensi di antara komponen-komponen perangkat, dan dalam pelaksanaan uji coba, perangkat memenuhi syarat-syarat tertentu, yaitu: kemampuan dosen dalam mengelola pembelajaran baik, aktivitas mahasiswa selama pembelajaran sesuai dengan batas toleransi waktu ideal, mahasiswa memberi respon positif terhadap komponen-komponen perangkat pembelajaran, dan tes hasil belajar reliabel, valid dan sensitif, serta kemampuan mahasiswa dalam melaksanakan kompetensi guru profesional baik. Perangkat pembelajaran kooperatif berbasis informasi bermakna materi persamaan diferensial ordo dua yang dikembangkan: Satuan Acara Perkuliahan, Lembar Kegiatan Mahasiswa, dan Tes Hasil Belajar.

  1. Religious Leaders And Peace Building: The Role of Tuan Guru and Pedanda in Conflict Resolution in Lombok – Indonesia

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    M Suprapto

    2015-06-01

    [Pemimpin atau tokoh agama memiliki peran signifikan dalam merawat harmoni social, terutama di saat negara kurang memperoleh kepercayaan dari rakyat. Dalam sejumlah kasus kerusuhan social yang terjadi Lombok, Tuan Guru dan Pedanda memainkan peran penting dalam menciptakan kedamaian. Dengan otoritas mereka, Tuan Guru dan Pedanda mampu menenangkan massa. Dengan caranya sendiri, mereka mampu melokalisasi isu, sehingga eskalasi konflik tidak meluas menjadi kerusuhan yang massif. Artikel ini mendeskripsikan sejumlah upaya yang dikembangkan oleh Tuan Guru dan Pedanda dalam rangka bina damai di Lombok, seperti menenangkan jamaah; melokalisasi isu konflik agar massa tidak panic; mengingatkan keluraga atau anggota komunitas untuk menahan diri; mensosialisasikan nilai-nilai harmoni dalam agama, mempromosikan konsep “Semeton Sasak and Batur Bali” sebagai sebuah nilai persaudaraan antara orang Hindu-Bali dan Sasak-Muslim; menciptakan sanksi sosial bagi mereka yang melanggar kesepakatan bersama; dan meningkatkan efektifitas hukum adat yang dikenal dengan sebutan awik-awik.

  2. Bimbingan Kelompok dengan Pengajaran Formula ABCDE Pendekatan Rasional Emotif Behavior untuk Meningkatkan Self Efficacy Mahasiswa Calon Guru

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    Ismarini Bekti Setiani

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu merumuskan dan menyusun desain intervensi bimbingan kelompok dengan pengajaran formula ABCDE pendekatan rasional emotif behavior serta menguji efektivitas desain intervensi dalam meningkatkan self efficacy calon guru di Departemen Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI. Penelitian menggunakan mixed methods dengan strategi embedded konkuren (kuantitatif sebagai metode primer dan kualitatif sebagai metode sekunder. Teknik Analisis data menggunakan analisis data kuantitatif (primer dan kualitatif (sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara kuantitatif, bimbingan kelompok dengan pengajaran formula ABCDE pendekatan rasional emotif behavior belum efektif dalam meningkatkan self efficacy mahasiswa calon guru dengan beberapa faktor penyebab. Dari data kualitatif didapatkan bahwa mahasiswa menyadari akan masalahnya, menyadari ada penyebab keyakinan irasional penyebab masalah, memahami dalam mengatasinya sehingga mahasiswa merasa semakin yakin akan kemampuan untuk menjadi guru. Peneliti selanjutnya diharapkan menindaklanjuti penelitian ini dengan menerapkan desain intervensi kepada mahasiswa yang memiliki self efficacy ketegori rendah dan sedang.

  3. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU DAN IKLIM SEKOLAH TERHADAP MINAT BELAJAR SISWA

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    Kusharyanti Ira Tri,

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Minat belajar siswa dipengaruhi oleh berbagai faktor, diantaranya adalah kompetensi profesional guru dan iklim sekolah. Berdasarkan hasil observasi di SMK Negeri 1 Kendal� diperoleh informasi bahwa minat belajar siswa kelas X pada mata pelajaran produktif AP masih kurang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui :(1 pengaruh kompetensi profesional terhadap minat belajar siswa (2 pengaruh iklim sekolah terhadap minat belajar (3 �pengaruh kompetensi professional guru dan iklim sekolah terhadap minat belajar (4 besarnya pengaruh kompetensi profesional guru dan iklim sekolah terhadap minat belajar. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas X AP. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan analisis regresi berganda, analisis deskriptif persentase, uji asumsi klasik. Berdasarkan regresi linear berganda diperoleh persamaan: Y=12,934+0,134X1+0,213X2. Hasil uji parsial dengan menggunakan uji t diperoleh thitung untuk variabel kompetensi profesional guru (X1 diperoleh thitung = 2,065,dengan probabilitas 0,043 < 0,05. Hal ini berati ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara X1 terhadap Y. thitung untuk variabel iklim sekolah (X2 diperoleh thitung sebesar 2,529, dengan probabilitas 0,014 < 0,05. Hal ini berarti ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara iklim sekolah dan minat belajar. Uji secara simultan diperoleh Fhitung sebesar 39,4%, dengan probabilitas 0,000 < 0,05 yang berarti secara simultan ada pengaruh antara kompetensi profesional guru dan iklim sekolah terhadap minat belajar. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah kompetensi profesional guru dan iklim sekolah berpengaruh terhadap minat belajar siswa baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Student interest is influenced by various factors, including the professional competence of teachers and school climate. Based on the observations at SMK Negeri 1 Kendal obtained information that interest to learning for class X on the productif AP is still lacking. The purpose

  4. RELEVANSI KURIKULUM PRODI PENDIDIKAN SOSIOLOGI ANTROPOLOGI DENGAN KEBUTUHAN MENGAJAR GURU SMA

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    Totok Rochana

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Materi pembelajaran  Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang diajarkan di SMA senantiasa mengalami perubahan. Sementara  kurikulum Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES tidak banyak mengalami perubahan. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis membahas bagaimana relevansi antara Kurikulum Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES dengan kebutuhan mengajar bagi guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi SMA Negeri di Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan  bersifat kasus, pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara tertutup dan terbuka, dan analisis data  menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian  disimpulkan bahwa kurikulum  Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES, masih relevan dengan materi pembelajaran Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang diajarakan di SMA. Saran yang diajukan adalah: perlu diselenggarakan penataran-penataran/diklat-diklat peningkatan penguasaan materi pembelajaran Sosiologi dan Antropologi bagi guru-guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang bukan berlatar belakang Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi. Pengangkatan CPNS Guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi perlu diprioritaskan dari lulusan Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi. Pengembangan kurikulum Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi tetap mengacu pada relevansinya dengan kebutuhan di lapangan.Sociology and Anthropology instructional materials taught in high school are constantly changing, though the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology FIS Unnes does not change much. In this study, the author discusses the relevance of the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology of Education Unnes FIS to the needs of teaching for teachers of Sociology and Anthropology Senior high school in Central Java. The method used in this study is a qualitative approach using descriptive methods. Based on the results of the study it is concluded that the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology

  5. Pengetahuan Konjungtivitis pada Guru Kelas dan Pemberian Pendidikan Kesehatan Mencuci Tangan pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar

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    Anindya Hapsari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Konjungtivitis adalah peradangan konjungtiva karena mikroorganisme, alergi, atau bahan kimia. Total kasus konjungtivitis dan gangguan konjungtiva di Indonesia (2009 sekitar 73%. Konjungtivitis terjadi karena infeksi mikroorganisme merupakan penyakit menular yang terjadi lewat kontak langsung atau barang penderita. Sebagian besar penderita konjungtivitis adalah anak-anak yang umumnya tertular dari teman di sekolah, tempat bermain, atau bimbingan belajar. Data Puskesmas Trowulan Mojokerto menunjukkan kenaikan jumlah siswa sekolah dasar penderita konjungtivitis meliputi 3% (2009, 4% (2010, 7% (2011, dan 9% (2012. Cara termudah mencegah penularan konjungtivitis adalah mencuci tangan dengan sabun. Guru sebagai wakil orang tua di sekolah dan idola anak diharapkan berperan dalam memberikan pendidikan kesehatan tentang mencuci tangan dengan sabun. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan konjungtivitis guru kelas sekolah dasar dengan pemberian pendidikan kesehatan tentang mencuci tangan dengan sabun pada peserta didik. Desain penelitian adalah potong lintang, penarikan sampel dengan purposive sampling. Sampel penelitian adalah seluruh guru kelas sekolah dasar di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Trowulan. Penelitian menemukan 80 responden (59,7% berpengetahuan kurang dan berperilaku negatif atau tidak memberikan pendidikan kesehatan terhadap peserta didiknya. Ditemukan hubungan yang bermakna pengetahuan konjungtivitis pada guru kelas sekolah dasar dengan pemberian pendidikan kesehatan tentang mencuci tangan dengan sabun pada peserta didik. Conjunctivitis is conjunctiva’s inflammation by microorganisms, allergy, or chemicals. Total conjunctivitis and conjunctiva disorders’ cases in Indonesia (2009 is 73%. Conjunctivitis caused by infection is infectious that transmitted through direct contact or contaminated goods. Most conjunctivitis patients are children. They mostly caught from friends at school, playground, or tutoring. Trowulan Public

  6. KONTRIBUSI PELATIHAN GURU, IKLIM ORGANISASI DAN PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG KETERAMPILAN MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN GURU DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SMKN KOTA SEMARANG

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    Aris Suparno

    2015-07-01

    about managerial skill of headmaster towards teacher skill in learning activity at SMK N in Semarang, it is shown by significant value = 0,000 < 0, 05 with effective contribution that is given to teacher skill in learning activity counted 8,14%. Result of classical assumption test shows that regression model is not experience of classic assumption problem or diffraction, so that expressed BLUE (best, linear, unbiased, estimator. The Most Impact given by the organizational climate variables in learning skill teacher at SMK Negeri Semarang as indicated by an effective contribution amounting to 16,87 %.

  7. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR MATEMATIKA LEVEL IGCSE BERBASIS TUGAS TERSTRUKTUR BAGI MAHASISWA CALON GURU MATEMATIKA

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    Prahesti Tirta Safitri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kurangnya ketersedian bahan ajar matematika berbahasa inggris khususnya pada level IGCSE bagi mahasiswa program studi pendidikan matematika. Sesuai dengan tuntutan globalisasi dimana calon guru matematika harus siap bersaing untuk mengajar di sekolah manapun baik yang menggunakan kurikulum nasional, maupun internasional. Dengan begitu kemampuan bahasa inggris mahasiswa calon guru dalam pelajaran matematika sangat perlu untuk ditingkatkan. Hal tersebut merupakan alasan bahwa perlu adanya pengembangan bahan ajar matematika level IGCSE. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan yang akan menghasilkan bahan ajar berbasis tugas terstruktur. Metode penelitiannya menggunakan metode pengembangan yaitu meliputi (1 Concept, pada tahapan ini pengembang mengidentifikasi masalah yang berkaitan dengan pembelajaran matematika dengan bahasa inggris dan membuat rencana pembuatan bahan ajar sesuai dengan masalah tersebut; (2 Design, pada tahap ini pengembang mengemas bahan ajar sejelas mungkin sesuai dengan karakteristik mahasiswa; (3 Collecting of materials, pada tahapan ini pengembang menyiapkan materi yang sesuai dengan materi matematika level IGCSE; (4 Assembly dan uji coba, pada tahapan ini pengembang mendesain bahan ajar sesuai dengan materi yang telah disiapkan, setelahnya dilakukan uji coba kepada ahli. Adapun hasil dari uji coba ahli menunjukkan bahwa bahan ajar yang dikembangkan termasuk ke dalam kategori sangat baik dan layak digunakan untuk sumber pendukung perkuliahan.

  8. PENGARUH KOMPENSASI, KOMUNIKASI DALAM ORGANISASI, DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA FISIK TERHADAP SEMANGAT KERJA GURU TIDAK TETAP

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    Shinta Agustina

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui adakah pengaruh kompensasi, komunikasi dalam organisasi dan lingkungan kerja fisik terhadap semangat kerja guru tidak tetap (GTT di SMK Swasta Keahlian Administrasi Perkantoran secara simultan maupun parsial. Penelitian ini termasuk jenis penelitian ex-post facto. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah kompensasi (X1, komunikasi dalam organisasi (X2 dan lingkungan kerja fisik (X3 sebagai variabel bebas serta semangat kerja (Y sebagai variabel terikatnya. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh Guru tidak tetap (GTT di SMK Swasta Keahlian Administrasi Perkantoran Se-Kota Semarang yang berjumlah 86 guru. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode observasi, dokumentasi, wawancara, dan kuesioner. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis regresi berganda dengan bantuan SPSS for Windows Release 16, asumsi klasik, dan analisis deskriptif persentase.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa analisis regresi linier berganda diperoleh persamaan: Y = 13,683 + 0,739X1+ 0,316 X2+0,423 X3. Uji F yang diperoleh Fhitung = 66,115, sehingga Ha1 diterima. Secara parsial (uji t kompensasi (X1 diperoleh thitung = 3,986 dengan signifikansi 0,00 < 0,05, sehingga Ha2 diterima. Komunikasi dalam organisasi (X2 diperoleh thitung = 2,740 dengan signifikansi 0,00 < 0,05, sehingga Ha3 diterima. Lingkungan kerja fisik (X3 diperoleh thitung = 5,468 dengan signifikansi 0,00 < 0,05, sehingga Ha4 diterima. Secara simultan (R2 kompensasi, komunikasi dalam organisasi dan lingkungan kerja fisik berpengaruh terhadap semangat kerja guru tidak tetap yaitu sebesar 69,7%. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada pengaruh positif dan signifikan kompensasi, komunikasi dalam organisasi dan lingkungan kerja fisik berpengaruh terhadap semangat kerja guru tidak tetap. Saran dari penelitian ini adalah; 1 pihak sekolah mengadakan program penanaman pohon untuk mengurangi temperature (suhu udara yang panas 2 pihak

  9. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penguasaan Aspek Bilangan pada Guru SD Negeri di Kecamatan Pangkajene Kabupaten Pangkep

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    Samsiah Samsiah

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini tergolong penelitian survai yang bersifat deskriptif-korelatif dan eksploratif dengan populasi seluruh guru SD Negeri di Kecamatan Pangkajene Kabupaten Pangkep. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan sampel pertimbangan. Data diperoleh dengan menggunakan instrumen berupa angket dan tes tentang aspek bilangan. Data tersebut diolah dengan menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan inferensial. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa penguasaan aspek bilangan pada guru SD Negeri berada pada kategori rendah. Hasil analisis inferensial menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pendidikan, tingkat umur dan jenis kelamin secara bersama-sama mempengaruhi penguasaan aspek bilangan pada guru SD Negeri di Kecamatan Pangkajene Kabupaten Pangkep. Hasil penelitian eksploratif menunjukkan bahwa faktor lain yang mempengaruhi penguasaan aspek bilangan antara lain adalah pendidikan dan pelatihan, latar belakang pendidikan, pergeseran tingkatan mengajar, peran serta guru pemandu matematika, motivasi serta pemberian insentif bagi guru yang berprestasi.Kata kunci: Tingkat pendidikan, umur, jenis kelamin, bilangan. ABSTRACTThis research belongs to survey research that is descriptive-correlative and explorative with population of all teachers of SD Negeri in Pangkajene, Pangkep. Sampling was done with a sample of considerations. Data obtained by using the instrument in the form of questionnaire and test about numerical aspect. The data were processed using descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. The result of descriptive analysis shows that the mastery of numerical aspect in teacher of elementary school is in low category. The results of inferential analysis indicate that the level of education, age and sex level simultaneously affect the mastery of numerical aspect in elementary school teachers in Pangkajene, Pangkep. The results of the explorative research indicate that other factors affecting the mastery of the numerical aspect are education and

  10. Impacts of Interactive Stratospheric Chemistry on Antarctic and Southern Ocean Climate Change in the Goddard Earth Observing System Version 5 (GEOS-5)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Feng; Vikhliaev, Yury V.; Newman, Paul A.; Pawson, Steven; Perlwitz, Judith; Waugh, Darryn W.; Douglass, Anne R.

    2016-01-01

    Stratospheric ozone depletion plays a major role in driving climate change in the Southern Hemisphere. To date, many climate models prescribe the stratospheric ozone layer's evolution using monthly and zonally averaged ozone fields. However, the prescribed ozone underestimates Antarctic ozone depletion and lacks zonal asymmetries. In this study we investigate the impact of using interactive stratospheric chemistry instead of prescribed ozone on climate change simulations of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean. Two sets of 1960-2010 ensemble transient simulations are conducted with the coupled ocean version of the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, version 5: one with interactive stratospheric chemistry and the other with prescribed ozone derived from the same interactive simulations. The model's climatology is evaluated using observations and reanalysis. Comparison of the 1979-2010 climate trends between these two simulations reveals that interactive chemistry has important effects on climate change not only in the Antarctic stratosphere, troposphere, and surface, but also in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic sea ice. Interactive chemistry causes stronger Antarctic lower stratosphere cooling and circumpolar westerly acceleration during November-December-January. It enhances stratosphere-troposphere coupling and leads to significantly larger tropospheric and surface westerly changes. The significantly stronger surface wind stress trends cause larger increases of the Southern Ocean Meridional Overturning Circulation, leading to year-round stronger ocean warming near the surface and enhanced Antarctic sea ice decrease.

  11. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PERKULIAHAN EKSPERIMEN FISIKA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KREATIVITAS MAHASISWA CALON GURU DALAM MENDESAIN KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DI SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. S. Wattimena

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan perangkat perkuliahan eksperimen fisika yang dapat meningkatkan kreativitas mahasiswa calon guru dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum fisika SMA. Mixed methods research melalui embedded experimental model dengan strategi embedded, digunakan sebagai metode penelitian sebagai tahap pengumpulan data kuantitatif dan kualitatif dalam satu waktu; yang melibatkan mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Fisika salah satu LPTK di Maluku. Perangkat perkuliahan yang dikembangkan diadaptasikan dari pola pembelajaran kreatif yang disebut sebagai Aspek Keterampilan Berpikir Kreatif (AKBK; aktivitas mahasiswa dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum diarahkan pada Indikator Kegiatan Dalam Bereksperimen (IKDB. Pemahaman konsep fisika mahasiswa diukur berdasarkan taksonomi Bloom revisi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, terjadi peningkatan AKBK mahasiswa untuk setiap IKDB pada kriteria sedang; serta peningkatan pemahaman konsep-konsep dasar fisika mahasiswa untuk indikator mencontohkan, mengklasifikasikan, dan menjelaskan pada kriteria sedang. Disimpulkan bahwa perangkat perkuliahan eksperimen fisika yang dikembangkan dapat meningkatkan kreativitas mahasiswa dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum fisika berdasarkan cakupan materi yang terukur.ABSTRACTThis study aimed to develop the lectures instrument of physics experiment to improve the creativity of preservice teachers in designing a high school physics lab activities. Mixed methods research through the embedded experimental models with embedded strategy, was used as a method of research, a stage of quantitative and qualitative data collection at a time, involving students of Physical Education courses one LPTK in Maluku. The developed lectures instrument adapted from creative learning pattern was referred to as Creative Thinking Skills aspect (CTSA, while student activity in the design of practical activities were directed at Activity Indicator In Experiment (SIEI. Understanding the

  12. HUBUNGAN ANTARA KREATIVITAS GURU DAN GAYA BELAJAR SISWA DENGAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS X SMA NEGERI 1 BONTOMARANNU KABUPATEN GOWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reski Ramadani

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui mengetahui hubungan antara kreativitas guru dan gaya belajar siswa dengan hasil belajar matematika siawa kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Bontomarannu Kabupaten Gowa. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Ex-post facto. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara kreativitas guru dan gaya belajar siswa dengan hasil belajar matematika siswa kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Bontomarannu Kabupaten Gowa. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data menggunakan statistik deskriptif untuk kreativitas guru dan gaya belajar siswa berada pada kategori sedang dengan persentase 76% dan 66%. Kemudian untuk hasil belajar matematika siswa diperoleh nilai persentase sebesar 55% yang berada pada kategori sedang. Adapun hasil analisis statistik inferensial (korelasi berganda diperoleh sig. F Change < 0.05. Artinya, terdapat hubungan positif penerapan antara kreativitas guru dan gaya belajar siswa secara bersama-sama dengan hasil belajar matematika siswa di SMA Negeri 1 Bontomarannu Kabupaten Gowa.

  13. PENGARUH PERANAN GURU, FASILITAS PERPUSTAKAAN, DAN PELAYANAN PUSTAKAWAN TERHADAP MINAT MEMBACA DI PERPUSTAKAAN

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    Ekasari Prastia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Minat membaca dapat mempengaruhi kualitas pencapaian hasil belajar siswa dalam bidang-bidang studi tertentu seperti halnya membaca. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini diketahui bahwa cukup rendahnya minat membaca di perpustakaan bagi siswa SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Hal ini dilihat dari jumlah pengunjung, peminjam buku dan daftar pembaca di perpustakaan SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adakah pengaruh peranan guru, fasilitas perpustakaan dan pelayanan pustakawan terhadap minat membaca di perpustakaan bagi siswa kelas XI SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kuantitatif. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket. Metode analisis data menggunakan regresi linear berganda, uji asumsi klasik, uji hipotesis dan analisis deskriptif. Uji keberartian persamaan regresi dilihat dari uji F hitung = 47,074 dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,000 < 0,05 sehingga diperoleh hasil analisis regresi linier berganda dengan persamaan Y= 10,165+ 0,533X1 + 0,079X2 + 0,053X3+ e. Besarnya pengaruh secara simultan antara pengaruh peranan guru, fasilitas perpustakaan, dan pelayanan pustakawan terhadap minat membaca sebesar 64.4%. Pengaruh secara parsial variabel peranan guru terhadap minat membaca yaitu 83%, fasilitas perpustakaan yaitu 80%, sedangkan pelayanan pustakawan yaitu 66%. Interest as understood and used by people during this time may affect the quality of student achievement in specific areas of study as well as reading . The problem in this research note that the relatively low interest in reading in the library for students of SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. It is seen from the number of visitors , the borrower's books and readers in the library list SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. This study aims to know is there any influence of the role of teachers , library facilities and services librarians to interest in reading in the library for students of classes XI SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga .This study includes quantitative research. Methods of

  14. Peran Facebook dalam Komunikasi Interpersonal Studi Deskriptif Kualitatif tentang Peran Facebook sebagai Media dalam Komunikasi Interpersonal antara Guru dan Murid di SMP Maria Immaculata

    OpenAIRE

    Pertiwi, Skolastika Santi

    2013-01-01

    Facebook (FB) digunakan sebagai media untuk berkomunikasi antara guru dengan murid di SMP Maria Immaculata (MI). Komunikasi interpersonal antara mereka dapat dilihat dari aspek hubungan personal, penerapan tata tertib, dan belajar mengajar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peran FB dalam komunikasi interpersonal antara guru dan murid di SMP MI. Jenis penelitian deskriptif kualitatif ini dilakukan selama bulan Juli 2012 – Juni 2013 dengan cara observasi timeline FB mili...

  15. KENDALA GURU DALAM INTERNALISASI NILAI KARAKTER PADA PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH

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    Tsabit Azinar Ahmad

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This research describes character educational values and their constraints in internalize it on learning history at senior high school. Interview and document studies were used to collect information. Interactive model of data analyze were chosen in this research consist of several stages, i.e. data reduction, data display, and conclusion. Result of study shown internalization of character values are necessity. It caused learning history potentially become a media for values transmission through historical event and exemplary of heroes. Nevertheless, there was several constaints in internalization of character values. It appears in teachers' understanding, students’ attitude, learning practice, and school culture does not support character education optimally. For that, there need sustainable effort, teachers’ creativity to instill character and exemplary in learning process in order to achieve internalization of values work optimally. Keywords: teachers’ constaints, character education, learning history

  16. STRES KERJA GURU PEREMPUAN DI KECAMATAN KASIHAN BANTUL YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akif Khilmiyah

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to reveal the working stress of female teachers in Kasihan Bantul Yogyakarta. The research type was qualitative descriptive research with phenomenological paradigm, ethnographic model, and cultural-psychological approach. The research method was depth interview. The research subjects were female married teachers who had children and experienced work-ing stress. The results: first, the women became teachers because of self-actual-ization, socialization, income and happiness. Second, the forms of stress; physical and psychological. Third, cause of stress; (1 simultaneous tasks of home and office, (2 strict discipline, (3 career demand, (4 picking up the child, (5 having a baby, (6 authoritarian boss, (7 uncomfortable office environment, (8 job position promotion. Fourth, gender inequality factors: (1 double burden, (2 being degraded (3 irrational assumption to female teachers, (4 psychological violence or verbal abuse (5 marginalization. Fifth, solution: (1 mutual respect (2 patient, open, responsible, caring, or avoidance of closeness to the hard and painful character, (3 still working in mild pain and just confiding to close friend, but asking permission when having ill, (5 making a priority job.

  17. PROFIL PROFESIONALISME GURU MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH UNGGULAN DI JAKARTA SELATAN

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    Hasyim Asy'ari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : This study aims at formulating a model of the profile of teachers professionalism of excellent Islamic Primary School (IPS. The source of data of this research is obtained from six excelence IPS in South Jakarta that achieve score of accreditation A.This research is a non experimental research that uses survey method. The population of this research is all teachers in 15 Excelence IPS with the sample as much as 40% of the teachers. as many as 100 teachers. As for the sampling technique used in this research is simple random sampling with descriptive statistics. The result of this research shows that firstly the profile of professionalism of the teachers of excellent IPS in South Jakarta is indicated by adequate teachers competency in personality, pedagogy, professionalism, and social aspect. Secondly, at the dimension of learning community teachers have not fully showed self development as a part of learning community. Thirdly, at the financial dimension it is know that the teachers of especially State Islamic Primary Schools are willing to accept all the policy of reward system set by the goverment and their schools headmasters. Fourtly, the linearity of educational background with the teaching profession. Fifthly, there is no difference in average scores the characteristics of profile of teachers professionalism between Private Islamic Primary Schools and the State ones. DOI: 10.15408/tjems.v1i1.1110

  18. UPAYA GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DALAM MENUMBUHKAN KECERDASAN SISWA

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    Siti Majidah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available National Education aims at developing students' potentials in order to become a man of faith and fear of God Almighty, noble, healthy, knowledgeable, skilled, creative, independent and become citizens of a democratic and accountable. However, conditions on the ground there is still a problem. Both from internal and external factors, which in turn affects the behavior of students in the subjects of Islamic religious education, both feats are cognitive, affective and psychomotor. Especially in SMPN 2 Balung that sharpen the intellectual intelligence. The objectives of this research are: Describe the efforts of Islamic religious education teachers in fostering emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence of students in SMPN 2 Balung. The results of this study stated that the Islamic Education Teachers in Cultivating Emotional Intelligence seeks students by raising various problems that arise in the community through a video display which is then discussed. Inserting knowledge about the importance of communication and concern for others. Foster self-confidence in students through role-playing activities. Train the emotional intelligence of students with the assignment, care and street knowledge. Calligraphy that stimulate the creativity of learners. Istighotsah event held every morning. While efforts Islamic Education Teachers in Cultivating students' spiritual intelligence is to assist students to pray Duha. Award prizes to the students who actively ask. Nurturing students' vision and clear perception that life is a mandate and the realization that man is God and will return to Allah SWT. Kultum after Duha prayer. A source of inspiration by giving examples of good role model to the students or play a video that is inspiring. Keywords: Islamic Education Teachers, Students Intelligence

  19. PENGEMBANGAN PCK (PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURAKARTA MELALUI SIMULASI PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putri Agustina

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Teacher is one of the critical success factors of the learning process. Therefore, teachers need to master several categories realm of knowledge in order to carry out the study with either one of them Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK. PCK is the knowledge of teaching for specific content.The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of simulation learning in student teachers develop PCK. PCK is important for student teachers of biology as a provision in order to conform to the characteristics of biology. The experiment was conducted in February until August 2015 at the Department of Biology Education FKIP UMS. This research is a measure that aims to determine the effectiveness of simulation in developing PCK student learning. The study population was all students who take a course in 4th semester Learning Strategy Biologi amounted to 140 students. Samples were taken by random sampling are two parallel classes totaling 75 students. PCK Data taken from the assessment of learning scenarios, learning simulations, and stuffing questionnaire adopted from Schmidt, et al. (2010. The questionnaire was given twice: before the pretest and posttest simulation after simulation. Data analysis was performed using analysis of normalized gain score average. The results showed that PCK scores of students have increased before and after the simulation study. Results of the analysis showed score gains normalized gain value by an average of 0.38 (medium so that it can be said that the simulated learning effective enough to develop PCK studentsGuru merupakan salah satu faktor penentu keberhasilan proses pembelajaran. Oleh karena itu, guru perlu menguasai beberapa kategori ranah pengetahuan agar dapat melaksanakan pembelajaran dengan baik salah satunya Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK. PCKmerupakan pengetahuan tentang pengajaran untuk konten yang spesifik. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis peran simulasi pembelajaran dalam mengembangkan PCK

  20. IbM PENGEMBANGAN KEPROFESIAN BERKELANJUTAN (PKB GURU-GURU MIM WILAYAH NGAWEN DAN KLATEN UTARA BERBASIS KURIKULUM 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laili Etika Rahmawati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The society service has aimed at accompanying the teachers on understanding and conducting the program of sustainable professionalism development (PKB based on curriculum 2013. When the society service program has finished conducted, it is expected to acquire the four goals as follow: (1 the emergence of a professional teacher group and acquire the teaching competence by implementing the active learning strategy with scientific approach based on curriculum 2013; (2 the learning devices based on curriculum 2013; (3 the research proposal is classroom action research; and (4 the scientific publication article. The method applied in the society service program was conducted with the same model as the PLPG program conducted but the program implementation was simpler or could be called as mini PLPG. The program activity was beginned by deepening of material activity which related to the concept of PKB and the concept of curriculum 2013. The concept of PKB emphasized on three points that should be developed by the teachers, they were the self development, scientific publication, and innovative work. The concept of curriculum 2013 has priority on the changing understanding of the paradigm and the basic concept of curriculum structure, the prominent were about the core and the basic competences. After the deepening materials which conducted in the first phase has finished, the activity then continued by the workshop of the learning devices which emphasized on the concept of scientific approach, the active learning, and the authentic assessment which followed by peer teaching activity. The worshop activity of learning devices was conducted by facilitating the teachers in arranging the learning scenario based on the materials determined. The peer teaching activity was conducted by divide the participants into some groups to conduct the teaching practice by turns and apply the scientific approach. The third phase was the arranging the academic writing, and

  1. PENGARUH PENGALAMAN MENGAJAR DAN ETOS KERJA TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU PRODUKTIF PEMASARAN SMK BISNIS DAN MANAJEMEN DI KOTA SEMARANG

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    Nida Aulia

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK merupakan salah satu lembaga pendidikan formal bertujuan mempersiapkan lulusan untuk masuk ke dunia kerja. Berdasarkan hasil observasi awal menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kompetensi guru produktif pemasaran masih kurang baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 50 guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode dokumentasi dan kuesioner. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini adalah (1 ada pengaruh pengalaman mengajar terhadap kompetensi profesional sebesar 17,47%, (2 ada pengaruh etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional sebesar 18,31% dan (3 ada pengaruh antara pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang secara simultan sebesar 59,5%. Hasil persamaan regresi diperoleh Y = 4,823 + 0,277X1 + 0,660X2. Kesimpulan penelitian ini yaitu, ada pengaruh yang positif dan signifikan antara pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Vocational High School (SMK is one of the formal educational institutions aimed at preparing graduates to enter the workforce. Based on the results of preliminary observations indicate that the level of competence of teachers of productive marketing is still not good. This study aimed to analyze the influence of teaching experience and work ethic to the professional competence of teachers of productive marketing vocational high school Binis and management in Semarang. either partially or simultaneously. the population of this research is 50 teachers of productive marketing vocational

  2. An Advanced Dictionary? Similarities and Differences between Duramazwi ReChiShona and Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona *

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Chabata

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: In this article a comparative analysis of Duramazwi ReChiShona (DRC and Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona (DGC is made. Both DRC and DGC are monolingual Shona dictionaries compiled by a team of researchers under the African Languages Lexical (ALLEX Project, now the African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. During the compilation process, DRC was known as the General Shona Dictionary and DGC as the Advanced Shona Dictionary. A simple analysis of these titles shows that the dictionaries are similar in some ways and also different in others. The writer tries to show the ways in which DGC is regarded as a more advanced dictionary when compared to DRC. Although the argument of the article is mainly built on those differences which make DGC the more advanced, attention is also paid to the similarities between the dictionaries.

    Keywords: ALLEX PROJECT, ALRI, DURAMAZWI RECHISHONA, DURAMAZWI GURU RECHISHONA, DICTIONARY, SHONA, HEADWORD, SENSE, MONOLINGUAL DICTIONARY, CORPUS, IDIOM, PROVERB, PITHY SAYING

    Opsomming: 'n Gevorderde woordeboek? Ooreenkomste en verskille tussen Duramazwi ReChiShona en Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona. In hierdie artikel word 'n vergelykende ontleding van Duramazwi ReChiShona (DRC en Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona (DGC gemaak. Sowel die DRC en DGC is eentalige Sjonawoordeboeke, saamgestel deur ?n span navorsers by die African Languages Lexical (ALLEX Project, tans die African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. Gedurende die samestellingsproses was DRC bekend as die Algemene Sjonawoordeboek en DGC as die Gevorderde Sjonawoordeboek. 'n Eenvoudige ontleding van hierdie titels toon dat die woordeboeke op sommige maniere eenders en op ander ook verskillend is. Die skrywer probeer die maniere aantoon waarop DGC beskou word as 'n meer gevorderde woordeboek wanneer dit met DRC vergelyk word. Alhoewel die argument van die artikel hoofsaaklik gebou is op daardie verskille wat DGC die gevorderdste maak, word ook aandag gegee aan

  3. Penerapan Pendekatan Pakem untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Mahasiswa dalam Mata Kuliah Pengembangan Kepribadian Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dede Rohaniawati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to know the application of PAKEM and the improvement of students' thinking skill in the subject of Teacher Personality Development Department PGMI Semester IV / B Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung in every cycle. This research uses Classroom Action Research methodology (PTK, data collection method is done by observation done to observe student and lecturer activity during learning process and test to know student's thinking skill. The tools used in the observations use observation sheets and cognitive test formats. The results showed that with PAKEM approach there was an increase in the students' thinking level. Based on the results of analysis on the application of PAKEM in Teacher Personality Development Learning in PGMI majors semester IV / B can be concluded that the activity of lecturers in the learning process expressed very well, this is evident from the results of lecturer activity has increased in each cycle; Cycle 1 percentage of lecturer activity is 82%, in cycle 2 is 91% and in cycle 3 is 100%. While the result of student activity observation in learning process stated very well also, this is proven from result of student activity at cycle 1 equal to 91%, in cycle 2 reach 100% also at cycle 3 reach 100%. As for the result of the analysis of students' thinking skill in subject of Teacher Personality Development using PAKEM approach can be concluded, almost increase at every meeting. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui penerapan PAKEM dan peningkatan keterampilan berpikir mahasiswa pada mata kuliah Pengembangan Kepribadian Guru Jurusan PGMI Semester IV/B Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung disetiap siklusnya. Penelitian ini memakai metodologi Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK, metode pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara observasi yang dilakukan untuk mengamati aktivitas mahasiswa dan dosen pada saat proses pembelajaran serta tes untuk

  4. SEJAUH MANA GURU MENGGUNAKAN METAFORA DALAM KEPEDULIANNYA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MATEMATIKA SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idrus Alhaddad

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Belajar matematika masih merupakan hal yang sulit bagi siswa, karena disamping memiliki objek kajian yang abstrak, juga berdasarkan pada pola pikir yang deduktif. Untuk membantu siswa dapat memahami bahkan menjadi senang dalam belajar matematika, hal ini tidak terlepas dari peranan guru. Bagi guru, memahami matematika juga merupakan hal yang sulit, dan lebih sulit lagi adalah mengajarkan kepada siswa untuk dapat dipahami. Karena hal itu membutuhkan strategi, metode, dan pendekatan. Dalam pembelajaran matematika banyak hal yang harus diperhatikan. Di antaranya adalah faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kegiatan belajar siswa yaitu: pengalaman, kemampuan, kematangan, dan motivasi siswa. Oleh karena itu, baik teori maupun metode dalam pembelajaran harus disesuaikan dengan kondisi siswa. Agar pembelajaran matematis menjadi bermakna dan dimaknai siswa, maka diperlukan cara-cara khusus untuk menjadikan siswa termotivasi belajar matematika. Salah satunya adalah penggunaan Metafora. Metafora dapat dipandang sebagai suatu strategi untuk membantu siswa dalam memahami matematika. Makalah ini akan menyajikan tentang apa sebenarnya metafofa, bagaimana menggunakannya dalam pembelajaran dan contoh penggunaannya serta kelebihan dalam menggunakan metafora   Kata kunci : Kepedulian, Metafora, Pembelajaran Matematika      Mathematics, for most of students, is still considered to be a difficult subject to learn because it does not only possess abstract objects of investigation but it is also based on deductive mindset. Enabling students to understand or even be enjoy learning mathematics, then, will demands good teachers’ roles. For teachers, understanding mathematics is also difficult as well. In fact, the most difficult thing for them is how to teach mathematics that can be easily and quickly understood by students. That is why; mathematics teachers need to use exact strategies, methods and approaches. In mathematics learning, there are many things to consider

  5. PERSEPSI DAN SIKAP GURU TENTANG PENDAYAGUNAAN MEDIA JEJARING SOSIAL DALAM PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Chandra Setiawan

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the phenomenon in the 20th century that is currently being discussed is about emerging and the development of many social networking media. The media is now a trend all over among the people regardless of age, it is because social networking media provides convenience services in communicating, in particular interact and share information between human. If associated in the context of education, then social networking media to be one of the means of communication that can be utilized in the process of education management and learning for teachers. Salah satu fenomena pada abad ke-20 yang saat ini sedang ramai diperbincangkan adalah tentang berkembangnya media jejaring sosial. Media tersebut kini menjadi trend di seluruh kalangan masyarakat tanpa memandang usia, hal itu dikarenakan media jejaring sosial memberikan kemudahan layanan dalam berkomunikasi, khususnya berinteraksi dan berbagi informasi antar manusia. Jika dikaitkan dalam konteks pendidikan, maka media jejaring sosial menjadi salah satu sarana komunikasi yang dapat dimanfaatkan dalam proses manajemen pendidikan dan pembelajaran bagi guru. Pemanfaatan media tersebut tentu memiliki dampak positif dan negatif yang dapat memengaruhi keberhasilan lembaga pendidikan dalam mencapai tujuan.

  6. PENGEMBANGAN TEKNOLOGI TEPAT GUNA DIAGNOSTIK SEDERHANA PELAYANAN KESEHATAN GIGI DENGAN PERAN SERTA GURU UKGS

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    Niniek L. Pratiwi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The design of this study was intervention, location of the study area consist of 3 Health centers at Greslk regency, East Java. The respondents were all Dental Health Teachers (Guru UKGS for elementary school at the study area. The intervention covered training used hand and guidance book and simple diagnostics technology had been applied. The Dental health card filled by the teachers their referred to Health centers. The result shown that the teachers skill improved for early detection dental caries. The sensitivity and spesifisity of the dental caries for early detection caries were 90.5% and 85.6% respectively. The teachers also can found detections such as: calculus and gingivitis cases, this is supported for health imployers are early preventive dental care. The coverage of dental care at Health centers increate by 23.5% in average caused by referred cases by the trained Dental helth teachers. The beneficiaus of this intervention can reduce dental caries morbidities for child elementary school.   Keywords: simple diagnostic technology, dental health teachers

  7. The Development and Impact of the Livestock Guru: Meeting the Knowledge Needs of Poor Livestock Keepers in Tamil Nadu, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Yu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Livestock keepers comprise 2/3rds of the 2.8 billion households living on less than two dollars per day. However, as a group they tend to be marginalised and excluded from formal service provision, particularly in relation to animal health. Therefore, the following paper describes the development of the Livestock Guru, a multi-media learning programme created to meet the knowledge needs of poor livestock keepers in Tamil Nadu, India. The findings from the study illustrate the importance of both appropriate visuals, voice-overs but also the need for addressing issues in the environment in which learning will take place.

  8. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, KOMUNIKASI ORGANISASI, MOTIVASI, DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMP NEGERI 16 SEMARANG

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    Gading Puspaningtyas

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Kinerja guru yang baik tentunya dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, seperti kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, komunikasi organisasi, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja yang ada di SMP Negeri 16 Semarang. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini yaitu tingkat kedisiplinan guru dalam mengumpulkan perangkat pembelajaran masih rendah, hal ini mengakibatkan proses kegiatan belajar menjadi kurang efektif karena materi, media, dan metode yang dibawakan timbul secara spontan, siswa memiliki sedikit pengetahuan tentang kewirausahaan di sekolah, materi belajar pada buku sekolah masih terbatas, dan ruang kantor yang terasa panas dan gelap. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode dokumentasi dan angket. Uji keberartian persamaan regresi dilihat dari uji Fhitung = 22,103 dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,000 < 0,05 sehingga diperoleh Y = 5,502 + 0,121X1 + 0,232X2 + 0,145X3+ 0,116X4. Besarnya pengaruh secara simultan antara kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, komunikasi organisasi, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja terhadap kinerja guru yaitu 66,8%. Variabel yang memberikan pengaruh paling besar terhadap kinerja guru secara parsial adalah komunikasi organisasi yaitu sebesar 17,47%, sedangkan untuk kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja berpengaruh lebih kecil yaitu masing-masing sebesar 11,69%, 11,35% dan 10,56%. Teacher’s performance is influenced by several factors, such as principal’s leadership, organization communication, motivation, and work environment. The initial observation showed that the problems of the teacher’s performance were: teacher’s discipline to gather the learn program still low, it was ineffective learning process because the material, media, and method were spontaneous, students have a little knowledge about entrepreneurship, the books are still limited, and a part of the teacher’s room was hot and dark. The data were colleted by documentation and questionnaire. The significance of the test equation as calculated from the F

  9. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

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    S. E. Nugroho

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan real-worlds yang menyangkut konsep dasar medan dan memerlukan jawaban secara spontan. Hasil studi inimenunjukan bahwa (1 struktur konsep mahasiswa mengenai medan elektrostatik pada umumnya mengalami fragmentasi; (2mahasiswa mengalami kerancuan dalam memahami konsep medan elektrostatik; (3 Pada umumnya, mahasiswa masihberlandaskan konsep gaya dalam memahami tentang medan. The purpose of this research is to explore the concept structure of electrostatics field of teacher candidate student. In thisexperiment, we used thinks-aloud method and varied by others (interview, discussion and written-test. Respondent consisted ofeight students of second semester passing Basic Physics subject as the first group and nine students of sixth semester passingelectricity and magnetism subject as the second group. On these students the real world questions related to concept of field andneeded spontaneous answer are asked. The study result shows that (1 in general the concept structure of electrostatics field ofstudents undergoes fragmenting process; (2 the students experience contamination in understanding the electrostatics fieldconcept, and (3 in general the students are still based on the force concept in understanding the field.Keywords: framing analysis, teacher candidate student, concept structure

  10. Creating the Livestock Guru: ICTs to enhance livestock-related knowledge among poor households in Orissa, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yibo; Heffernan, Claire

    2010-10-01

    The following paper details the creation and dissemination of a multi-media learning program for poor livestock keepers in Orissa, India: the Livestock Guru. To devise the learning content, interviews were held with 240 poor livestock-keeping households in four districts in Orissa State. Methods for measuring user demand and assessing disease priorities are detailed in addition to a description of the software content, design, and dissemination strategy. The software was based on situated learning theory. Following this approach, the Livestock Guru was created to be contextually specific to the learning environment of the users. Further, to support a demand-led paradigm, the software was designed to be fully inter-active, where users have a choice over the learning material on offer. The results demonstrate that appropriately designed information and communication technologies can help alleviate barriers to knowledge acquisition by poor livestock keepers at the community level. As such, the overall aim of the paper is to enable the software to be replicated in other contexts.

  11. PERAN KELUARGA DAN GURU DALAM MEMBANGUN KARAKTER DAN KONSEP DIRI SISWA BROKEN HOME DI USIA SEKOLAH DASAR

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    Desy Irsalina Savitri

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe in depth observations on the role of the family and teachers in building the character of students broken home at primary school age. This study used a qualitative approach - a case study. Technique data collecting by interview and observation (at school and home visit in depth. Subjects of the study included two students broken home. This study menunjukkan that parents (mother and another family (grandparents, aunts, uncles that play a role in the child's everyday life. The results of this study are expected to package and represent the role of parents and teachers in building the character of students broken home. So as to cover all levels of students victims of a broken home. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan hasil pengamatan secara mendalam tentang peran keluarga dan guru dalam membangun karakter kepada siswa broken home di usia sekolah dasar. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif - studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan cara wawancara, dan observasi (di sekolah dan home visit secara mendalam. Subjek dari penelitian mencakup 2 siswa broken home. Penelitian ini menujnjukkan bahwa orangtua (ibu dan keluarga lain (kakek, nenek, bibi, paman yang berperan dalam keseharian anak. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan mampu mengemas dan mewakili peran orangtua dan guru dalam membangun karakter siswa broken home. Sehingga mampu mengcover semua lapisan siswa korban keluarga broken home.

  12. A PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING MODEL IN BIOLOGY EDUCATION COURSES TO DEVELOP INQUIRY TEACHING COMPETENCY OF PRESERVICE TEACHERS

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    Diah Aryulina

    2016-02-01

    MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH PADA MATAKULIAH PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN KOMPETENSI PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI Abstrak: Tujuan tahap awal penelitian pengembangan ini adalah: 1 mengembangkan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah (PBM pada matakuliah pendidikan biologi, dan 2 memeroleh penilaian ahli terhadap ketepatan model PBM. Model PBM dikembangkan menggunakan pendekatan sistem desain instruksional berdasarkan analisis kebutuhan kompetensi guru biologi, serta kajian literatur mengenai ciri dan proses pembelajaran berbasis masalah. Evaluasi model PBM dilakukan oleh dua pakar pendidikan biologi. Selanjutnya data evaluasi dari pakar dianalisis secara deskriptif. Struktur model PBM yang dikembangkan pada matakuliah Strategi Pembelajaran Biologi, PPL I, dan PPL II terdiri atas tahap identifikasi masalah, perencanaan pemecahan masalah, pelaksanaan pemecahan masalah, penyajian hasil pemecahan masalah, dan refleksi pemecahan masalah. Kelima tahap tersebut dilaksanakan berulang dalam beberapa siklus selama semester. Hasil penilaian pakar menunjukkan bahwa model PBM sesuai dengan ciri pembelajaran berbasis masalah dan tepat digunakan untuk mengembangkan kompetensi pembelajaran inkuiri calon guru. Kata kunci: Model PBM, matakuliah pendidikan biologi, calon guru, kompetensi pembelajaran inkuiri

  13. PENGGUNAAN NEGOSIASI MAKNA DALAM WACANA LISAN GURU DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PEMAHAMAN SISWA KELAS IV SEKOLAH DASAR

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    Septi Kartika Sari

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to describe the shape and type of negotiation of meaning and the frequency of the use of negotiation of meaning that teachers do in their lessons in the fourth grade. Moreover, it also aims to determine the effect of negotiation of meaning to the understanding of fourth grade students. This type of research is descriptive, because it describes the phenomena deslriptif shape and function of the use of negotiation of meaning as it is. The instrument used in this study are guidelines for observation, interview and test. The main instrument in this study is the researchers themselves who aided and supported by the other instruments. In the qualitative method, using observation sheet instruments and guidelines for the interview. Researchers used data collection techniques such as observation sheets, interview and test. The results showed that There are nine forms of negotiation of meaning. The form of negotiations that meaning is, ask questions inducement, explain, repeat, evaluating, defining, affirmation, outlines, and respond. There are nine functions Function negotiation negotiation of meaning that meaning is, requests for clarification, confirmation, confirmation check, repair or correction of its own, expansion, demand explanations, clarifications reply, reply confirmation, and reply as an answer. Frequency negotiation of meaning that most often appears on learning is a check confirmation. more often negotiate meaning it appears, increasing student understanding. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bentuk dan jenis negosiasi makna dan frekuensi penggunaan negosiasi makna yang dilakukan guru dalam pembelajaran yang dilakukan di kelas IV SD. Selain itu, untuk mengetahui pengaruh negosiasi makna terhadap pemahaman siswa kelas IV SD. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif karena memaparkan fenomena bentuk dan fungsi penggunaan negosiasi makna secara apa adanya. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pedoman

  14. Peningkatan Hasil Belajar PKn Materi Organisasi melalui Model Numbered Head Together di Kelas V

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    Endah Tri Wahyuni

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian peningkatan hasil belajar pendidikan kewarganegaraan melalui model Numbered Heads Together bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penerapan model Numbered Heads Together dalam pendidikan kewarganegaraan dengan materi organisasi dan menggambarkan peningkatan hasil belajar siswa dengan menggunakan model Numbered Heads Together. Ini akan sangat berguna bagi siswa dan guru dalam belajar. Model Numbered Heads Together juga dapat meningkatkan aktivitas guru dan siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1 Penerapan model pembelajaran Numbered Heads Together pada pembelajaran PKn dilaksanakan guru dengan baik dan sesuai dengan langkah-langkah pembelajaran Numbered Heads Together, (2 siklus I, ketuntasan belajar klasikal mengalami peningkatan sebesar 67% dengan kualifikasi cukup dan pada siklus II ketuntasan klasikal meningkat menjadi 92% dengan kualifikasi sangat baik.

  15. Peran dan Karya Roh Kudus serta Implikasinya terhadap Pengembangan Pribadi dan Kualitas Pengajaran Guru Kristen [Roles and Work of the Holy Spirit and the Implications for the Personal Development and Teaching Quality of Christian Teachers

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    Imanuel Adhitya Wulanata

    2018-01-01

    BAHASA INDONESIA ABSTRAK: Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk membahas peran dan karya Roh Kudus serta impilikasinya terhadap pengembangan pribadi dan kualitas pengajaran guru Kristen di era globalisasi. Tugas utama seorang guru dalam konteks pendidikan Kristen adalah membantu para siswa untuk belajar mengenal Allah di dalam Yesus Kristus dan melalui firman-Nya tersebut, mereka dapat bertumbuh dan menjadi serupa dengan Kristus dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Oleh sebab itu, penting sekali peran dan karya Roh Kudus sebagai Roh Hikmat untuk membantu guru Kristen membedakan antara kebenaran sejati dan kebenaran yang bersifat humanisme belaka. Dengan demikian, pengajaran yang disampaikan oleh guru Kristen tersebut tidak akan membawa para siswanya ke dalam hal-hal yang bersifat negatif pasca pengajaran, tetapi memberikan pengaruh positif terhadap perkembangan spiritual, karakter, intelegensi, dan perilaku mereka.

  16. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL KURIKULUM PENDIDIKAN EKONOMI UNTUK MENYIAPKAN GURU PROFESIONAL DI SEKOLAH BERTARAF INTERNASIONAL

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    Dadang Dahlan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study begins with a consideration of future challenges related to the need for international school teachers (SBI, which raises the question of how to design curriculum with competency-based approach in order to produce the teacher candidates that suit the needs of teachers in international schools (SBI ? The research objective is to be able to: 1 generate a description of strengths and weaknesses of curriculum designs that are being used; 2 produce a description of the implementation of a curriculum that is being implemented; and 3 produce a description of the competency standard (SKL economics teacher candidates for international school (SBI .The study was designed for 2 years using Research and Development, for the first year of this descriptive survey method, using the techniques of data collection in the form of documentation, questionnaires and interviews. The source data consists of lecturers, teachers, students and alumni who work at the international school (SBI. Among other results it was found that department of Economic Education curriculum has weaknesses and strengths. Weaknesses include a the design curriculum not in accordance with the need to generate international school teachers (SBI; b the design of the curriculum have not loaded the competencies required of graduates to compete at a global level; c curriculum design has not adopted the curriculum developed countries that excel in the field of education. While its power is a curriculum design approach based on scientific disciplines (content based; b curriculum has been outlined in the syllabus and SAP; and c curriculum design is flexible. Judging from the implementation of the curriculum, that has not been implemented based learning competency-based curriculum (KBK, but from the aspect of SBI implementation of curriculum-based learning (learning already contains the necessary aspects of learning in SBI. Starting from the results of this study suggested: in the face of global challenges of the department of Economic Education is necessary to develop future curriculum design based CBC is consistently (consistently; implementation of the curriculum / learning must use a variety of approaches as expected by the curriculum, as well as to develop a curriculum thatcompliance-oriented international school teachers (SBI must be rejected on the dotted-oriented curriculum development competency standards (SKL, which allows graduates can work in SBI and compete at a global level.

  17. Proses Individuasi Carl Gustav Jung pada Tokoh Erika Kohut dalam Novel Sang Guru Piano Karya Elfriede Jelinek

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    M. Oktavia Vidiyanti

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available A personality structure that appears in Erika is similar to one of an important part of Carl Gustav Jung psychology. Jung states that personality is a psiko that covers consciousness and unconsciousness. This psiko will develop to be a stable unity. If every system develops in every individual absolutely, so a health and integrated personality will be achieved. That process in Jung is known as a self­ individualized process. The aim of individualism is a self­achievement. Individual is not only as a psiko centre but also as a representation of the whole individual that unites consciousness and unconsciousness. It is like the character "Erika Kohut" in the novel "Sang Guru Piano".

  18. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MINAT MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU AKUNTANSI PADA MAHASISWA PRODI PENDIDIKAN AKUNTANSI ANGKATAN 2010 UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SEMARANG

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    Anis Ardyani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Minat menjadi guru merupakan pemusatan pikiran, perasaan, kemauan atau perhatian seseorang terhadap profesi guru. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi pada mahasiswa prodi pendidikan akuntansi angkatan 2010 Universitas Negeri Semarang. Populasi penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa prodi pendidikan akuntansi angkatan 2010 sebanyak 103 mahasiswa. Penentuan jumlah sampel menggunakan rumus slovin dan didapat 82 mahasiswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik propotional random sampling yaitu pengambilan sampel secara acak dengan melihat proporsi tiap kelas. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode dokumentasi dan metode kuesioner. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis faktor dan analisis deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 7 kelompok faktor baru yang dapat mempengaruhi minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi diantaranya yaitu a persepsi mahasiswa tentang profesi guru (24,66%; b kesejahteraan guru (18,69%; c prestasi belajar (15,26%; d pengalaman PPL (13,85%; e teman bergaul (10,54%; f lingkungan keluarga (4,32%; dan g kepribadian (2,62%. Interest in becoming a teacher is a concentration of thought, feeling, volition or one's attention to the teaching profession. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence student interest in becoming a teacher in the accounting department of accounting education student class of 2010 State University of Semarang. The study population was a student of accounting department of education class of 2010 as many as 103 students. Determination of the number of samples obtained using the formula Slovin and 82 students. Sampling technique using proportional random sampling technique is random sampling with the proportions of each class. Methods of data collection using documentation and questionnaire method. Methods of data analysis using factor analysis and

  19. PENGARUH PERSEPSI SISWA TENTANG KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU, FASILITAS BELAJAR, DAN LINGKUNGAN SEKOLAH TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR AKUNTANSI KELAS X DI SMK MUHAMMADIYAH 1 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narendra Utama W

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh persepsi siswa tentang kompetensi professional guru, fasilitas belajar, dan lingkungan sekolah terhadap hasil belajar akuntansi kelas X di SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Semarang secara simutan dan parsial. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif, dengan populasi berjumlah 40 siswa, yang semuanya dijadikan responden penelitian. Metode pengambilan data yang digunakan adalah dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis data menggunakan deskriptif dan regresi linier berganda Analisis regresi linier berganda menunjukkan kompetensi professional guru, fasilitas belajar dan lingkungan sekolah berpengaruh secara bersama-sama terhadap hasil belajar akuntansi sebesar 77,3%. Kompetensi professional guru berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar akuntansi sebesar 39,8%. Fasilitas belajar berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar akuntansi sebesar 24%. Lingkungan sekolah berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar akuntansi sebesar 38.7%. Dengan kompetesi professional guru yang baik, fasilitas belajar dan lingkungan sekolah yang baik pula, akan meningkatkan hasil belajar. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of students' perceptions of teacher professional competence, learning, and school environment to study accounting results of class X in SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Semarang in simutan and partial. This research is quantitative, with a population of 40 students, all of which are used as research respondents. The data collection method used is the documentation and questionnaires. Methods of data analysis using descriptive and multiple linear regression Multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated professional competence of teachers, learning and school environment influence together on learning outcomes accounting for 77.3%. Professional competence of teachers affect the learning outcomes accounting of 39.8%. Learning facilities effect on learning outcomes accounting for 24%. School environment influence on

  20. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN KINERJA GURU (STUDI MULTI KASUS DI PAUD ISLAM SABILILLAH DAN SDN TANJUNGSARI 1 KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

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    Wahyu Ramadoni

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to: (1 describe the leadership style of the principal in improving teacher performance; (2 describe the role of the school principal; (3 describe the factor endowments and a barrier in improving the performance of teachers; and (4 describe the effort completed the obstacle in improving the performance of the teacher in PAUD Islam Sabilillah and SDN 1 Tanjungsari District of Sidoarjo. This research uses descriptive qualitative approach with multi- case study design. The data in this research was obtained through in-depth interviews, observation, and study the documentation. Data analysis is divided into two stages, namely the individual data analysis and data analysis of cross cases. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mendeskripsikan gaya kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru; (2 mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah; (3 mendeskripsikan faktor pendukung dan penghambat dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru; dan (4 mendeskripsikan usaha menyelesaikan hambatan dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru di PAUD Islam Sabilillah dan SDN Tanjungsari 1 Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi kasus. Data dalam penelitian ini diperoleh melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi, dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data dibagi dalam dua tahap, yakni analisis data individu dan analisis data lintas kasus.

  1. PENGEMBANGAN E-MODUL PADA MATA PELAJARAN PEMODELAN PERANGKAT LUNAK KELAS XI DENGAN MODEL PROBLEM BASED LEARNING DI SMK NEGERI 2 TABANAN

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    I Gede Agus Saka Prasetya

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini (1 Untuk menghasilkan sebuah produk E-Modul pada Mata Pelajaran Pemodelan Perangkat Lunak Kelas XI dengan Model Problem Based Learning di SMK Negeri 2 Tabanan. (2 Untuk mengetahui respon siswa dan guru terhadap Pengembangan E-Modul Pada Mata Pelajaran Pemodelan Perangkat Lunak Kelas XI dengan Model Problem Based Learning di SMK Negeri 2 Tabanan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah research and development (R&D, dengan model pengembangan ADDIE. Subjek penelitian ini yaitu siswa kelas XI Rekayasa Perangkat Lunak dan guru mata pelajaran Pemodelan Perangkat Lunak di SMK Negeri 2 Tabanan tahun ajaran 2016/2017. Untuk mengetahui respon siswa dan guru terhadap E-Modul diperoleh dengan menggunakan metode angket. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: 1 Produk yang dihasilkan telah memenuhi uji kevalidan, content dan uji efektifitas. 2 Hasil analisis data respon siswa menunjukkan bahwa persentase siswa yang memberikan respon sangat baik sebesar 84,00%, persentase siswa yang memberikan respon baik sebesar 16,00%, dan tidak ada siswa yang memberikan respon cukup, kurang, maupun sangat kurang. Sedangkan hasil analisis data respon guru menunjukkan bahwa persentase guru yang memberikan respon sangat baik.   Kata-kata kunci: E-Modul, Pemodelan Perangkat Lunak, Problem Based Learning, Blended Learnig

  2. Benchmark Comparison of Dual- and Quad-Core Processor Linux Clusters with Two Global Climate Modeling Workloads

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGalliard, James

    2008-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation details the science and systems environments that NASA High End computing program serves. Included is a discussion of the workload that is involved in the processing for the Global Climate Modeling. The Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) is a system of models integrated using the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF). The GEOS-5 system was used for the Benchmark tests, and the results of the tests are shown and discussed. Tests were also run for the Cubed Sphere system, results for these test are also shown.

  3. KONTRIBUSI DISIPLIN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP UNJUK KERJA GURU SMP NEGERI SSN DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

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    Nuk Isdiyati

    2015-07-01

    towards teacher performance at SMP N with National Standard School (SSN Semarang, this is indicated with the acquisition probability value <0.05 with the effective contribution counted 17.25% and the classical assumption test results showed that the regression model is not biased or problems of classical assumptions (normality, linearity, and multicollinearity that could otherwise BLUE (Best, Linear, Unbiased, Estimator.

  4. Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) Acceleration of the Goddard Earth Observing System Atmospheric Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam, Williama

    2011-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System 5 (GEOS-5) is the atmospheric model used by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) for a variety of applications, from long-term climate prediction at relatively coarse resolution, to data assimilation and numerical weather prediction, to very high-resolution cloud-resolving simulations. GEOS-5 is being ported to a graphics processing unit (GPU) cluster at the NASA Center for Climate Simulation (NCCS). By utilizing GPU co-processor technology, we expect to increase the throughput of GEOS-5 by at least an order of magnitude, and accelerate the process of scientific exploration across all scales of global modeling, including: The large-scale, high-end application of non-hydrostatic, global, cloud-resolving modeling at 10- to I-kilometer (km) global resolutions Intermediate-resolution seasonal climate and weather prediction at 50- to 25-km on small clusters of GPUs Long-range, coarse-resolution climate modeling, enabled on a small box of GPUs for the individual researcher After being ported to the GPU cluster, the primary physics components and the dynamical core of GEOS-5 have demonstrated a potential speedup of 15-40 times over conventional processor cores. Performance improvements of this magnitude reduce the required scalability of 1-km, global, cloud-resolving models from an unfathomable 6 million cores to an attainable 200,000 GPU-enabled cores.

  5. HUBUNGAN BAKAT MEKANIK, MOTIVASI BELAJAR, DAN PERSEPSI SISWA TENTANG KETERAMPILAN MENGAJAR GURU DENGAN PRESTASI BELAJAR SERVICE ENGINE SISWA SMK PROGRAM KEAHLIAN MEKANIK OTOMOTIF

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    Sigit Wahyudi Wibowo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Basically, there are two factors that influence the learning achievement; external and internal factors. This research aim to analyse the aspects that effect the learning achievement consisted of mechanical aptitude, learning motivation and student perception about teacher’s teaching skill. The population of the research is the students of automotive mechanical Skill Program in SMKN I Sedan Rembang in course year of 2008/2009. The instruments used in this research are aptitude test, questionnaire and documents. The result shows that the mechanical aptitude, learning motivation, and the students’ perception about  teaching skill of the teacher, have a positive correlation with engine service learning achievement for each or as a whole with ry1 = 0,560, ry2 = 0,.489, ry3 = 0,466, and R = 0,743. Pada dasarnya terdapat dua faktor yang mempengaruhi hasil belajar yakni faktor eksternal dan faktor internal. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis aspek-aspek yang mempengaruhi hasil belajar meliputi bakat mekanik, motivasi belajar, dan persepsi siswa terhadap kemampuan mengajar guru. Populasi dari penelitian adalah siswa Program Keahlian Mekanik Otomotif pada SMKN I Sedan Rembang pada tahun ajaran 2008/2009. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah tes bakat, kuesioner, dan dokumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bakat mekanik, motivasi belajar, dan persepsi siswa terhadap kemampuan mengajar guru berkorelasi positip dengan hasil belajar siswa baik sendiri-sendiri atau bersama-sama dengan ry1 = 0,560, ry2 = 0,489, ry3 = 0,466, dan R = 0.743.

  6. IBM PARENTING BAGI GURU DAN ORANG TUA PAUD DI KELURAHAN PUDAK PAYUNG SEMARANG

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    Retnaningdyastuti .

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Science and technology program for the community (IbM aims to provide teachers and parents knowledges and skills in educating early childhood, especially in the form of parenting and child counseling. The methods used in the implementation of community service activities on developing character of early childhood through modeling and and habituation in the form of counseling and mentoring, such as playing games involving both parents and children. The result shows that the implementation of early childhood education has good responses from the participants. Through habituation and modeling given by teachers/ educators and parents, the activities can convey moral messages to children. Hopefully the children can be developed to have intelligent and healthy personality, and virtuous character. Keywords: early childhood education, parenting, and child counseling

  7. Assessing the Tangent Linear Behaviour of Common Tracer Transport Schemes and Their Use in a Linearised Atmospheric General Circulation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Daniel; Kent, James

    2015-01-01

    The linearity of a selection of common advection schemes is tested and examined with a view to their use in the tangent linear and adjoint versions of an atmospheric general circulation model. The schemes are tested within a simple offline one-dimensional periodic domain as well as using a simplified and complete configuration of the linearised version of NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5). All schemes which prevent the development of negative values and preserve the shape of the solution are confirmed to have nonlinear behaviour. The piecewise parabolic method (PPM) with certain flux limiters, including that used by default in GEOS-5, is found to support linear growth near the shocks. This property can cause the rapid development of unrealistically large perturbations within the tangent linear and adjoint models. It is shown that these schemes with flux limiters should not be used within the linearised version of a transport scheme. The results from tests using GEOS-5 show that the current default scheme (a version of PPM) is not suitable for the tangent linear and adjoint model, and that using a linear third-order scheme for the linearised model produces better behaviour. Using the third-order scheme for the linearised model improves the correlations between the linear and non-linear perturbation trajectories for cloud liquid water and cloud liquid ice in GEOS-5.

  8. EFEKTIVITAS METODE P2R UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KECEPATAN EFEKTIF MEMBACA (KEM MAHASISWA CALON GURU BAHASA INDONESIA

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    Nurmina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Reading is one of language skill which is not less important compared with others language skill such as scrutinizing, speaking, and writing. In this era which technology is flaring and developing rapidly, the students are prefer to play facebook, twitter, chatting, and many more than read a journal or articles. This phenomenon shows that the interest to read among students is needed to be increased. One of the way that can be taken is by having skills to read quickly or is known by scanning with P2R method. The P2R method itself is one of method or strategy that can be used to increase reading skill. The P2R method consists of stages pra-peninjauan, membaca, dan meninjau that commonly used by the most of quick reader / scanner and efficient. This research is done to obtain data about the effective reading speed of student as Indonesian language teacher candidate and the effort of its increasing through the P2R method. The population of this research is all students on program of study Indonesian language and literature education and also area of Almuslim University as much 149 students. The sample of this research is 30% of the total population or as much 45 strudents of Indonesia Language teacher candidate of Almuslim University who are taken randomly. The type of research is experimental research (true experimental and quantitative approach with the model of research is pretest-post test control group model. The result of research shows that the P2R method is effective to be implemented to increase the effective reading speed of students as Indonesian language teacher candidate. FKIP is obtained by researcher. The posttest result shows that there was an increasing of KEM learning outcomes meanwhile the observation result was seems that in the learning with P2R model, the students were very enthusiasm, more active, also more motivated in attending the learning. Besides that, the result of questionnaires also shows that the P2R method obtained

  9. KETERAMPILAN MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH, KOMITMEN, DAYA TAHAN TERHADAP STRES, KEPUASAN DAN PERFORMANSI MENGAJAR GURU

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    Holten Sion

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article reports a study correlating principals' managerial skills, teachers' commitment, teach­ers' resilience to stress, teachers' job satisfaction, and teachers' teaching performance with students' academic achievement. The population included 139 Primary Schools in the remote area of Gunung Mas Regency, Central Kalimantan Province. Rounded up to 140, Krecjie table was used to select the sample, that is, 103 schools, composing 74.10% of the population. The rest, 36 Primary Schools were taken for the try out of the instruments. The instruments were in the forms of questionnaires and observation sheets. This correlation study used path model as the main data analysis. The results indicate that a there is a relationship between teachers' teaching performance and students' academic achievement, and b there is a relationship between, principals' managerial skills, teachers' commitment, teachers' job satisfac­tion, and students' academic achievement.

  10. EVALUASI PROGRAM MUSYAWARAH GURU BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING SMP/MTS KOTA SALATIGA TAHUN 2012 – 2015

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    Maria Evangeli Onate

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the context, input, process, and product of Guidance and Counseling Teachers Deliberation Program (MGBK at SMP / MTs Salatiga year of 2012-2015. This study was evaluation research using CIPP model (Context, Input, Process, Product developed by Stufflebeam. Data collection techniques used in this study were interviews, observation, study of documentation and FGD (focus group discussion. The validity test used data triangulation. The results of this study showed that 1 the context evaluation of the objective set by MGBK program was in the unfavorable category, while the analysis of the needs was in the sufficient category; 2 the input  evaluation indicated that the human resources namely committee and speakers of MGBK was in the very good category, while the MGBK members was in the good category. Furthermore, sources of funding and supporting infrastructure of MGBK program implementation was in the good categoriy; 3 the process evaluation was in the sufficient category although not all the programmed activities can be implemented; 4 the  product of the implementation of the MGBK program was in the sufficient category.

  11. PENGARUH GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSAKSIONAL, TRANSFORMASIONAL DAN DISIPLIN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU (KARYAWAN DI KOTA MADIUN

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    Satrijo Budiwibowo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Transactional leadership is described as providing an explanation of employees responsibilities and rewards they can expect if the specified standards is achieved. Transformational leadership approach motivates employees, so that they can thrive and achieve high levels of performance. In addition it is also necessary to support the performance of the good discipline of employees. Broadcasting companies who have employees working on the division of operational and management needed different leadership style to support the realization of optimal performance.  This study used a qualitative approach. Sample was 136 people who are determined by purposive sampling technique. The research instrument used Likert scale models. Data analysis using validity test, realibitas test, the classical assumption, hypothesis testing, multiple linear regression analysis, analysis of correlation coefficients and determination.  The results showed that together transactional leadership styles, transformational leadership styles, work discipline affect the performance of the company's employees broadcasting. Partially transactional and transformational leadership style had no effect on performance. And partially work discipline most dominant effect on performance.  Keywords: Influence of Transactional, Leadership Style and Discipline Performance

  12. PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ANALITIK DASAR BERBASIS MULTIMEDIA BAGI MAHASISWA CALON GURU KIMIA

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    Sri Haryani

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to design multimedia based teaching materials model of Basic Analytical Chemistry that oriented on the explanation of macroscopic and microscopic level and symbolic, and its implementation to improve the mastery of science concepts and labwork skills of student teacher candidates. The subjects consisted of 27 and 30 students of chemistry education study program who take Basic Analytical Chemistry lecture as control and experimental group respectively. Quasi-experimental design with pretest - posttest control group used in this study, and the differences of pre and post-tests result were assumed as the effects of the treatment. Mastery of concepts and skills of science process measured by description test was analyzed by comparing the value of the normalized gain (N-gain, whereas questionnaires students feedback was analysed with descriptive percentage. Learning basic analytical chemistry using a CD-oriented learning material that oriented on the structure of matter on acid-base and permanganometric titration can improve mastery of concepts and skills of science proces. The highest indicators of science process skills was classifying and the lowest was hypothesize capabilities. The advantages of learning implementations were increasing mastery of the concepts and science process skills and making a fun learning experience among the students.

  13. Filantropi Islam Untuk Pendidikan: Strategi Pendanaan Dompet Dhuafa dalam Program Sekolah Guru Indonesia (SGI

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    Rizka Amalia Shofa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Philanthropy for Education: Dompet Dhuafa Funding Strategy in Indonesian Teacher School Program (SGI. This study is aimed at finding out the implementation of the use of zakah funds for the Indonesian Teachers School (SGI program, and to motivate Islamic educational institutions to empower zakah as the Islamic education funding strategy in Indonesia. This research is a qualitative research and conducted in Indonesian Teachers School office with sevent respondents using snow ball sampling technique. The methods of data collection use observation, interviews, and documentation. Data validity test used is source triangulation technique, and data analysis technique used is interactive model from Huberman and Miles. The results show that Indonesian Teachers School is a teacher delivery program in disadvantaged areas by using productive zakah funds from Dompet Dhuafa. The teacher is included in the category ashnâf fî sabilillâh so it is entitled to receive the benefit of zakah. The process of funding using zakat begins with the preparation of the Annual Budget Work Plan (RKAT, the disbursement of zakah funds, the use of zakah funds by beneficiaries (teachers, the preparation of monthly financial and activity reports by beneficiaries to the Indonesian Teachers School.

  14. GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSFORMASIONAL KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN KINERJA GURU SMK SWASTA DI JAKARTA TIMUR

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    Army Cahya Putra Rustamaji

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the effect of transformational leadership on teacher performance, transformational leadership on job satisfaction, transformational leadership towards work attachment, influence of work attachment to teacher performance, job satisfaction influence on teacher performance, direct influence between transformational leadership on teacher performance mediated by job satisfaction, and the influence of transformational leadership on teacher performance mediated by work attachment. The research method uses quantitative research using causal effect and type of primary data. Data collection techniques by conducting interviews and observations with the media questionnaire. The analysis method uses inferential statistics with parametric data types, and for internal analysis using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. The result of the research shows that tranasformational leadership toward performance has positive and significant effect because it has p-value 0.000 ≤ α 0,05. Likewise transformational leadership of job satisfaction has a value of p-value 0.000 ≤ α 0.05 which means transformational leadership has a positive and significant impact on job satisfaction. However, job satisfaction on teacher performance has no significant effect with p-value value 0,060 ≥ α 0,05. In variables of transformational leadership on performance mediated by job satisfaction showed a significant influence. Transformational Leadership variable on work attachment has positive and significant influence with t-value value of p-value 0.000 ≤ α 0,05. In variables of work attribute to performance variable has p-value 0.000 ≤ α 0,05. Finally can be seen transformational leadership variable to performance with work attachment as a variable mediation can be interpreted transformational leadership variable significantly influence the performance of employees with work attachment as a mediator variable.

  15. DAMPAK PROGRAM PERKULIAHAN MEKANIKA BERBASIS MULTIPEL REPRESENTASI TERHADAP KECERDASAN SPASIAL MAHASISWA CALON GURU

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    Ismet -

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKTelah dilakukan penelitian untuk menggali kompetensi mahasiswa dalam membangun beragam representasi dan melihat dampaknya terhadap kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Desain penelitian menggunakan Mixed Methods Research melalui embedded experimental model. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan meggunakan instrumen tes kecerdasan spasial yang dikembangkan berdasarkan taksonomi kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial, dan data kualitatif dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, analisis dokumen, angket. Hasil analisis kualitatif menunjukan bahwa representasi mahasiswa belum konsisten antara satu representasi dengan representasi lainnya, namun demikian kompetensi multipel representasi mahasiswa  dari waktu ke waktu meningkat semakin membaik mendekati representasi expert. Analisis kuantitatif menunjukkan bahwa  rerata N-gain kecerdasan spasial kelas eksperimen 0,52 (kriteria sedang lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol 0,16 (kriteria rendah sehingga pembelajaran mekanika berbasis multipel representasi dapat meningkatkan kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Peningkatan kecerdasan spasial terjadi pada semua indikator kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial. Berdasarkan perhitungan efek-size(d dan rerata N-gain,  maka  peningkatan paling kuat terjadi pada indikator representasi grafik (d= 4,66, dan N-gain=0,65. ABSTRACTA study has been conducted to explore students' ability in constructing multiple representations and examine its impact on students' spatial intelligence. This study employed a mixed-method with embedded experimental design.  Quantitative data were collected using instruments of spatial intelligence test developed based on taxonomy of core capacities of spatial intelligence. Qualitative data were collected through interviews, document analysis, and questionnaires. Quantitative analysis showed that theinitialrepresentation ofthe studentshave not beenconsistentfrom one format representationtoanother. However, students' competencies of multiple representations were getting

  16. Efektivitas Model Pembelajaran Discerete Trial Training untuk Siswa Penyandang Autisme

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    Melan Puji Sulistiyaningsih

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan Penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis: Bagaimana perencanaan, pelaksanaan, dan evaluasi pembelajaran bagi penyandang autisme pada mata pelajaran TIK kelas IV di SDLB Talitakum Semarang. Metode yang digunakan adalah kualitatif deskriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan melakukan wawancara, observasi dan studidokumentasi terhadap implementasi model pembelajaran. Analisis hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahawa (1 Dalam perencanaan proses pembelajaran guru menggunakan kurikulum 2013 yang disesuaikan dengan kemampuan penyandang autisme. Pendekatan yang digunakan yaitu saintifk yang telah dimodifkasi, menggunakan model Happy Class, metode pembelajaran khusus yaitu Discrete Trial Training (DTT dalam proses pembelajaran, dan metode komunikasi khusus Metode Maternal Reflektif (MMR. (2 Pelaksanaan Model HC, Metode DTT, dan MMR dalam satu kelas terdiri dari 5 siswa dan 2 guru terbukti efektif dan membuat kelas kondusif. (3 Evaluasi pembelajaran menggunakan evaluasi Educational System Evaluation yang menekankan bahwa evaluasi dilakukan dalam setiap tahap dan proses pembelajaran setiap harinya melalui Buku Penghubung.

  17. PROFESIONALISME GURU SD / MI

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    Nursalim Nursalim

    2017-12-01

    Teachers must have four basic competencies namely; pedagogical competence, personality com- petence, social competence and professional competence. Professional competence of teachers of Primary School / primary islamic school includes 1 Mastering the materials, structure, concept, and scientific mindset that support the subjects being taught, 2 mastering the competency standard and basic competency of the subjects being taught, 3 developing the material being taught creatively, 4 develop professionalism in sustainably by doing reflective actions, 5 utilizing information and communication technology to communicate and develop themselves. Teacher professionalism can be leveled. Efforts that can be done in improving teacher profesionalism are: 1 reading books about education, 2 reading and writing scientific papers, 3 following the actual news from news media, 4 joining training, 5 following Teacher Working Group, 6 conducting Classroom Action Research (CAR, and 6 participating actively in professional organizations.

  18. To Call or Not to Call a Spade a Spade: The Dilemma of Treating 'Offensive' Terms in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona

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    Emmanuel Chabata

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    ABSTRACT: As noted by Béjoint (2000: 6, the main objective in dictionary-making is to define words and terms. This is especially the case if the fact is accepted that dictionaries are mostly con-sulted for word meaning and that, in the consultation process, the user hopes to acquire and/or verify certain information. However, as again noted by Jackson (1988, Landau (1984, Svénsen (1993 and Zgusta (1971, among others, the description of word meaning is one of the greatest difficulties with which the lexicographer has to cope. This article discusses some of the challenges facing lexicographers when defining 'offensive' headwords in a monolingual dictionary. It is based on experiences of defining such headwords for the general-purpose, medium-sized, synchronic, monolingual Shona dictionary, Duramazwi Guru reChiShona (henceforth DGC (Chimhundu et al. 2001. DGC was compiled and edited by a six-member team of mother-tongue speakers of Shona who are researchers at the African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. The article also discusses some of the strategies the team of editors adopted as ways of dealing with offensive words in DGC. One such strategy is the use of euphemism in defining.


    Keywords: ALRI, CULTURE, DEFINITION, THEORETICAL DEFINITION, PRACTICAL DEFINITION, DICTIONARY, EUPHEMISM, LEXICOGRAPHY, MONOLINGUAL DICTION-ARY, OFFENSIVE HEADWORD, SHONA

    *****

    OPSOMMING: Om die kind by sy naam te noem of nie te noem nie: Die dilemma van die behandeling van "aanstootlike" terme in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona. Soos deur Béjoint (2000: 6 opgemerk, is die hoofdoel van woordeboekmaak om woorde en terme te definieer. Dit is veral die geval as die feit aanvaar word dat woordeboeke meestal geraadpleeg word vir woordbetekenis en dat, by die raadplegingsproses, die gebruiker hoop om sekere inligting te bekom en/of te kontroleer. Soos weer eens opgemerk deur onder andere Jackson (1988, Landau (1984, Svénsen (1993 en Zgusta (1971, is

  19. Software Engineering Tools for Scientific Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrams, Marc; Saboo, Pallabi; Sonsini, Mike

    2013-01-01

    Software tools were constructed to address issues the NASA Fortran development community faces, and they were tested on real models currently in use at NASA. These proof-of-concept tools address the High-End Computing Program and the Modeling, Analysis, and Prediction Program. Two examples are the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric model in Cell Fortran on the Cell Broadband Engine, and the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) coupled atmosphere- ocean model called ModelE, written in fixed format Fortran.

  20. MENARIK MINAT SISWA PADA LAYANAN BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING ISLAMI DI SEKOLAH MENGGUNAKAN LAYANAN INFORMASI DENGAN TEKNIK MODELLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismah -

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Rendahnya minat siswa pada layanan bimbingan dan konseling terlihat dari minimnya siswa yang datang keruang BK untuk memanfaatkan layanan bimbingan dan konseling di sekolah. Permasalahan yang dikaji dalam penulisan ini adalah, Bagaiman layanan informasi dengan teknik modelling dapat menarik terhadap minat siswa pada layanan bimbingan dan konseling di sekolah khususnya bimbingan dan konseling islami. Tujuan yang hendak dicapai dalam penulisan ini adalah untuk memberi masukan kepada guru BK di sekolah supaya siswa-siswinya tertarik atau berminat berkunjung di ruang BK, menggunakan cara ”layanan informasi dengan teknik modelling terhadap minat siswa pada layanan bimbingan dan konseling siswa di sekolah khususnya bimbingan dan konseling islami”. Pada kajian ini dapat dianalisis bahwa: layanan informasi dengan teknik modelling, diharapkan dapat berdampak positif terhadap minat siswa berkunjung ke ruang BK, sehingga guru BK dapat memberi layanan bimbingan konseling khusunya bimbingan dan konseling islami dengan kesadaran siswa tanpa pemaksaan.

  1. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGAJAR GURU, DISIPLIN BELAJAR DAN SIKAP SISWA TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR MATA DIKLAT BEKERJASAMA DENGAN KOLEGA DAN PELANGGAN PADA SISWA KELAS X PROGRAM KEAHLIAN ADMINISTRASI PERKANTORAN DI SMK PL TARCISIUS 1 SEMARANG

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    Parastining Mulyany

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah: (1 Untuk mengetahui keterampilan mengajar guru, disiplin belajar dan sikap siswa terhadap motivasi belajar (2 Untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh keterampilan mengajar guru, disiplin belajar dan sikap siswa terhadap motivasi belajar. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X Program Keahlian Administrasi Perkantoran SMK PL Tarcisius 1 Semarang yang berjumlah 110 siswa. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa analisis regresi linear berganda diperoleh persamaan: Y = 2,241 + 0,034 X1 + 0,419 X2 + 0,594 X3 Uji F diperoleh Fhitung33,753, sehingga H4 diterima. Secara parsial (uji t variabel keterampilan mengajar guru (X1 diperoleh thitung = 0,407, sehingga H1 ditolak. Variabel disiplin belajar (X2 diperoleh thitung = 3.272, sehingga H2 diterima. Variabel sikap siswa (X3 diperoleh thitung = 5.868, sehingga H3 diterima. Secara simultan (R2 keterampilan mengajar guru, disiplin belajar dan sikap siswa berpengaruh terhadap motivasi belajar sebesar 47,4%. The aim problems of this study were : (1 the teaching skills, the students’ learning discipline, the students’ attitudes, and the students’ motivation. (2 the effects of the teaching skills, the students’ learning discipline, and the students’ attitudes on the students’ motivation. The population of this study were the tenth grade students of Office Administration Program of SMK PL Tarcisius 1 Semarang which consisted of 110 students. The data were collected by questionnaires and documentations. The data then, were analyzed by multiple regression analysis. The results of the study showed that the multiple linear regression analysis, it was gained an equation Ŷ = 2.241 + 0.034 X1 + 0.419 X2 + 0.594 X3. The Fvalue obtained from F-test was 33.753 so that H4 was accepted. Partially (t-test, the tvalue for the teachers’ teaching skills variable (X1

  2. PELATIHAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MULTIMEDIA DENGAN POWERPOINT DAN WONDERSHARE UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN SOFT SKILLS SISWABAGI GURU SD &TK1

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    Budi Setiawan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Developmentof soft skills in elementary and kindergarten students can be metthrough alearning model based Multimedia Information Communication Technology (ICT. Training development of multimedia-based instructional media and Information Communication Technology aim stop rovide skills in aking mediaan attractive multimedia learning in a way that isrelativel yeasy. The method applied in this activity is the method of presentation of the introduction of the software includes Microsoft Power Point and Wondershare. Demonstration of the method pengoperasionalisasian program and method of making the practice of instructional media directly by the participants in accord ance with their respective subjects with the use of these programs.

  3. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSFORMASIONAL DAN KEPUASAN KERJA TERHADAP PERILAKU KEWARGAAN ORGANISASI GURU SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI KECAMATAN KRAS KABUPATEN KEDIRI

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    Imam Gunawan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to found out the influence of transformational leadership and job satisfaction toward organizational citizenship behavior of the teacher in primary school Kras District of Kediri. This research used quantitative approach. The participants of the research are 159 teachers of 30 primary school Kras, District of Kediri. The data found using closed model questionnaire instrument. The data analyzed using path analyzing, with the help of SPSS PASW Statistics 18 program. The results of the research show that there is a significance influence between transformational leadership and job satisfaction toward organizational citizenship behavior of the teacher in primary school Kras, District of Kediri. The transformational leadership contributes 15.1% while the job satisfaction contribution is 20.4%. Other variables beyond this research contribute 64.5%.

  4. Air Quality Forecasts Using the NASA GEOS Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Christoph A.; Knowland, K. Emma; Nielsen, Jon E.; Orbe, Clara; Ott, Lesley; Pawson, Steven; Saunders, Emily; Duncan, Bryan; Follette-Cook, Melanie; Liu, Junhua; hide

    2018-01-01

    We provide an introduction to a new high-resolution (0.25 degree) global composition forecast produced by NASA's Global Modeling and Assimilation office. The NASA Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) model has been expanded to provide global near-real-time forecasts of atmospheric composition at a horizontal resolution of 0.25 degrees (25 km). Previously, this combination of detailed chemistry and resolution was only provided by regional models. This system combines the operational GEOS-5 weather forecasting model with the state-of-the-science GEOS-Chem chemistry module (version 11) to provide detailed chemical analysis of a wide range of air pollutants such as ozone, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and fine particulate matter (PM2.5). The resolution of the forecasts is the highest resolution compared to current, publically-available global composition forecasts. Evaluation and validation of modeled trace gases and aerosols compared to surface and satellite observations will be presented for constituents relative to health air quality standards. Comparisons of modeled trace gases and aerosols against satellite observations show that the model produces realistic concentrations of atmospheric constituents in the free troposphere. Model comparisons against surface observations highlight the model's capability to capture the diurnal variability of air pollutants under a variety of meteorological conditions. The GEOS-5 composition forecasting system offers a new tool for scientists and the public health community, and is being developed jointly with several government and non-profit partners. Potential applications include air quality warnings, flight campaign planning and exposure studies using the archived analysis fields.

  5. PERAN GURU PENJASORKES DALAM MENGATASI KENAKALAN SISWA (STUDI KASUS DI SMA NEGERI SE-KABUPATEN KENDAL TAHUN 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irkham Kharisma

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study to determine, describe, and analyze the role of teachers in addressing student misbehavior penjasorkes Public High School students in Kendal. This study used qualitative methods, the location of the research conducted in SMA se-Kendal. Research subjects in this study were penjasorkes teacher, principal, BK teachers and students. Data collected by using observation, interviews and documentation. The validity of using triangulation source. Data analysis using descriptive analysis model according to Miles and Huberman. Based on the results of research conducted and has been linked with the theory Suparwoto, et al. It can be concluded that the role of teachers penjasorkes (1 in terms of preventive prevent student misbehavior is good. (2 is good in terms of repression. (3 in terms of curative and rehabilitation are good. The conclusions that can be drawn from this research is the teacher's role in addressing delinquency penjasorkes students in SMA se-Kendal has been running both in terms of preventive, repressive and curative or rehabilitation.

  6. PERAN GURU BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING DALAM MENINGKATKAN KESUKSESAN BELAJAR SISWA DI SMA NEGERI 1 DEPOK SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Mahdi

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was to determine the role of guidance and counseling teachers in improving student learning success at SMA Negeri 1 Depok Sleman, Yogyakarta. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative manifold generate descriptive data to describe the behavior of the subject under study. Then the presence of investigators in this study serves as primary research tool. Sources of data in this study are primary data obtained through observation and interview respondents. And secondary data documentation Master's programs of guidance and counseling. Data collection techniques in this study using the method of observation, interviews, and documentation. Selanjtnya data analysis in this study using qualitative data analysis. The results showed that the models of guidance and counseling program in SMA Negeri 1 Depok form their Intensification Program for class XII, intensification program contains material National Examinations and Pathways to college, learning programs in addition to class 10 and 11 to face the Final Exams Semester in order to satisfy student achievement, educational exhibits, and extracurricular programs in SMA Negeri 1 Depok. Then the data findings in the form of involvement or role of teacher guidance and counseling in improving students' success in school is through a program of classical guidance, counseling and personal counseling, tutoring and social counseling, guidance and counseling to learn, and guidance and career counseling.

  7. MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM MENINGKATKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN (SMK NEGERI 2 SINABANG KABUPATEN SIMEULUE

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    Taswir Taswir

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master managerial is one things must be conducted systematically and continuously in order to improve the competence and the skill in carrying out the duty to reach the national education goal. The purpose of this study is to describe the school head master managerial at state vocational school SMK 2 Sinabang. This study uses descriptive qualitative approach, and the data collection techniques were observations, interviews, and documentations. The subjects of the research were: school head master, school administration chairman, and the deputy of the school head master. The results shows (1 the school head master’s ability in developing planning programs is formulated by school head master which was started at new school year academic such as supervising, assessing the teacher’s performance, involving the teachers on the trainings, giving extra tasks for some teachers such as vice school headmaster, department chairman, lab chairman, supervisors, and librarian, teachers for training, distribution of additional duties for teachers as a representative example principal, head of department, head of the laboratory, supervisor, and manager of the library; (2 the strategies undertaken by the school head master in teacher performance implementation were: guiding teachers in arranging lesson plan, applying teaching model variation, giving motivation, engaging teachers in some training activities and refreshment courses, and giving the opportunities to the teachers to pursue their study, activating MGMPs activity and KKG forum at school; (3 The impact of the coaching process being carried out by the school head master to improve the teacher performance, will be seen from the teacher changing attitude to be better, namely, the ability of the teacher in setting the plan, implement, and evaluate the teaching–learning process; (4 the constraints being faced in improving the professional capability of teachers among others are: funding

  8. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TUTOR SEBAYA PADA MATA PELAJARAN SOSIOLOGI

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    Ningrum Pusporini Anggorowati

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pelaksanaannya model pembelajaran tutor sebaya (peer teaching di SMAN I Brebes. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah guru sosiologi kelas XI IPS 1 dan siswa kelas XI IPS 1. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peer teaching memerlukan persiapan yang matang, dan setiap tahap pelaksanaan hendaknya dievaluasi untuk mendapatkan hasil yang baik. Faktor pendukung dalam pelaksanaan model pembelajaran tutor sebaya antara lain yaitu adanya interaksi antara guru dengan siswa, minat belajar siswa cukup tinggi, guru dan siswa lebih akrab dalam kegiatan pembelajaran, keterlibatan tutor sebaya dalam kelompok belajar membuat suasana pembelajaran lebih menarik, sedangkan faktor penghambatnya antara lain yaitu kurangnya persiapan dari para tutor, sarana dan prasarana kurang memadai, kegiatan pembelajaran kurang kondusif, dan sumber belajar kurang memadai. The objective of this study is to examine the implementation of peer tutoring learning model (peer teaching in SMAN I Brebes. Subjects in this study were teachers sociology class XI IPS 1 and class XI IPS 1. Results show that the implementation of peer teaching requires preparation, and each stage of the implementation should be evaluated to obtain good results. Factors supporting the implementation of peer tutoring learning model, among others, the interaction between teachers and students, and also student interest is high; teachers and students are more familiar in learning activities, and peer tutor involvement in the study group to make the learning environment more attractive. The inhibiting factor of peer teaching strategy include among others the lack of preparation of the tutors, inadequate infrastructure, lack of conducive learning activities, and learning resources are inadequate.

  9. Analisis Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Dan Kompetensi Guru Terhadap Kinerja Kerja Guru

    OpenAIRE

    Larasati, Sri

    2010-01-01

    Leadership, Competence, and Performance is a Component that effect each other, this is reinforced by Government REGULATION no. 24,2008, about teacher, article 2, of which it is said that teacher must have academic qualifications, competence, certifications becouse that study was conducted to determine the effect of leadership, competence, against the performance of teachers with reseach object SMK Pariwisata teachers Trisula with population sample of 20 teacher. Analyzing the Multiple Reg...

  10. Guru Row, Prof. Tayur Narasingarao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Tayur Narasingarao Ph.D. (IISc), FNA, FRSC. Date of birth: 26 September 1951. Specialization: Chemical Crystallography, Charge Density Analysis, Functional Materials Polymorphism & Drug Design Address: Professor, Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560 012, Karnataka

  11. MENINGKATKAN PROFESIONALISME GURU AGAMA HINDU

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    Ni Nyoman Sri Widiasih

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to provide a correct understanding of the importance of quality and professionalism of Hindu religious teachers in education. A teacher of religion, especially Hindu religious teachers is not just a job assigned to transfer knowledge but also served to instill the values of the teachings of Hinduism to the learners. Hindu religious teachers are professional positions, hence a teacher demanded to carry out their duties professionally. The professionalism of a teacher can be seen from how to run any of the duties is always productive, innovative, efficient and effective and independentTo be a Hindu religious teacher who is able to carry out their duties in a professional manner, the necessary efforts both from its own consciousness and on the government's efforts. In an effort to become a Hindu religious teachers qualified and professional, then a Hindu religious teachers is not enough to just rely on what the government has programmed as with training, workshops, competition research, as well as awards in the form of allowance teacher certification, and seminars, but a Hindu religious teachers are required to understand the teachings of Hinduism as a whole and want to fill themselves with the knowledge and responsiveness to changing times and technological advances. Thus, the material being taught will always correspond with the times and the material can be innovative, efficient and effective in their delivery in the classroom.Finally the success of a teacher of religion in their profession will appear on the character and attitude of the learners who become responsible, religious and good behavior.

  12. Pembinaan Guru di Daerah Terpencil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Subandrijo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of teachers in isolated remote areas is very important in empowering local human resources. Human character building was partly related to teacher's performance. The teacher's performance in conducting their responsibility depends on the quality of their social-economic conditions. To improve their spirit on daily educational activities, they should be treated by a special management. It means that there must be an equilibrium between career and economic-life and between their right and their responsibility. To implement this concept, all of related institutions should be involved in planning, implementing, and evaluating phases. These institutions are local community, universities, schools, and other institutions belonging to local governments

  13. Air Quality Forecasts Using the NASA GEOS Model: A Unified Tool from Local to Global Scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowland, E. Emma; Keller, Christoph; Nielsen, J. Eric; Orbe, Clara; Ott, Lesley; Pawson, Steven; Saunders, Emily; Duncan, Bryan; Cook, Melanie; Liu, Junhua; hide

    2017-01-01

    We provide an introduction to a new high-resolution (0.25 degree) global composition forecast produced by NASA's Global Modeling and Assimilation office. The NASA Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) model has been expanded to provide global near-real-time forecasts of atmospheric composition at a horizontal resolution of 0.25 degrees (approximately 25 km). Previously, this combination of detailed chemistry and resolution was only provided by regional models. This system combines the operational GEOS-5 weather forecasting model with the state-of-the-science GEOS-Chem chemistry module (version 11) to provide detailed chemical analysis of a wide range of air pollutants such as ozone, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and fine particulate matter (PM2.5). The resolution of the forecasts is the highest resolution compared to current, publically-available global composition forecasts. Evaluation and validation of modeled trace gases and aerosols compared to surface and satellite observations will be presented for constituents relative to health air quality standards. Comparisons of modeled trace gases and aerosols against satellite observations show that the model produces realistic concentrations of atmospheric constituents in the free troposphere. Model comparisons against surface observations highlight the model's capability to capture the diurnal variability of air pollutants under a variety of meteorological conditions. The GEOS-5 composition forecasting system offers a new tool for scientists and the public health community, and is being developed jointly with several government and non-profit partners. Potential applications include air quality warnings, flight campaign planning and exposure studies using the archived analysis fields.

  14. Meningkatkan Prestasi Belajar IPA Melalui Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Think-Pairs Share (TPS

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    Rusman Rusman

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Mata pelajaran IPA merupakan mata pelajaran yang menekankan siswa untuk mencari atau menemukan pengetahuanya sendiri. Model pembelajaran yang digunakan guru sangat berpengaruh dalam menciptakan situasi belajar yang benar-benar menyenangkan dan mendukung kelancaran proses belajar mengajar, serta sangat membantu dalam pencapaian prestasi belajar yang memuaskan. Akan tetapi, dalam pelaksanaan di lapangan pembelajaran banyak didominasi oleh guru sehingga kurang mampu membangun persepsi, minat, dan sikap siswa yang lebih baik. Hal tersebut juga dijumpai di SDN Pinggir Papas 1 Sumenep, siswa sulit memahami materi yang ada. Kendala yang terjadi adalah siswa merasa bosan dan tidak berminat mengikuti pembelajaran IPA. Hasil nilai ulangan harian dari 25 siswa hanya 9 siswa (36% yang mendapatkan nilai di atas KKM (65. Dari hasil tersebut, peneliti merasa perlu sekali melakukan perbaikan pembelajaran agar sehingga hasil belajar siswa dapat ditingkatkan, yaitu dengan menerapkan model  pembelajaran kooperatif Think-Pair-Share (TPS. Sesuai rumusan masalah “apakah model pembelajaran kooperatif Think-Pairs-Share (TPS dapat meningkatkan Prestasi Belajar IPA pada Siswa Kelas IIIA SDN Pinggir Papas 1 Sumenep?”, maka dilakukan metode penelitian dengan observasi dan tes. Hasil dari dua siklus penelitian yang melalui tahapan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi diperoleh hasil prestasi belajar siswa meningkat dari 67,8 dengan ketuntasan belajar 72% menjadi 80,4 dengan ketuntasan 100%. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif Think Pairs Share mampu meningkatkan prestasi belajar IPA pada siswa kelas IIIA SDN Pinggir Papas 1 Sumenep, dengan peningkatan yang sangat signifikan yaitu sebesar 28% melebihi kriteria peningkatan yang ditentukan yaitu 20%. Selain itu, model pembelajaran kooperatif Think Pairs Share efektif digunakan sebagai salah satu metode pembelajaran di kelas karena dapat menjadikan siswa aktif dalam

  15. PENGARUH PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARANKOOPERATIFTIPETPS TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    sri wahyuni

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh hasil belajar ekonomi ujian mid semester II siswa kelas X SMAN 7 Padang Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013 masih rendah di bawah Kriteria Ketuntasan Minimal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah hasil belajar ekonomi siswa yang menerapkan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe TPS lebih tinggi dari pada hasil belajar ekonomi siswa yang menerapkan pembelajaran konvensional kelas X SMAN 7 Padang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimen. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X SMAN 7 Padang Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Berdasarkan skor tes hasil belajar ekonomi siswa, diperoleh nilai rata-rata kelas eksperimen 76,15 dan kelas kontrol 68,13. Hasil analisis uji-Z, diperoleh Zhitung (47,18 > Ztabel (1,645 yang berarti hipotesis diterima. Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa hasil belajar ekonomi siswa yang menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe TPSlebih tinggi dari pada siswa yang menerapkan pembelajaran konvensional siswa kelas X SMAN 7 Padang. Untuk itu peneliti menyarankan agar guru‑guru bidang studi ekonomi khususnya SMAN 7 Padang dan guru SMA pada umumnya dapat menerapkan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe TPS sebagai salah satu alternatif model pembelajaran yang dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Dan kepada peneliti yang berminat disarankan untuk melakukan penelitian lanjutan pada materi yang berbeda.

  16. PENERAPAN MODEL THINK-PAIR-SHARE UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS KELAS II SDN 3 BANJAR JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ningsi Soisana Lakilaf

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan menulis siswa  setelah penerapan model pembelajaran Think-Pear-Share bermediakan gambar pada siswa kelas II Semester I di SD Negeri 3 Banjar Jawa, Tahun Pelajaran 2017/2018.Pelaksanaan penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK yang dilaksanakan dalam 2 silklus,  setiap siklus  terdiri dari 2 pertemua, dengan tahapan yang terdiri dari (1 perencanaan, (2 pelaksanaan, (3 pengamatan, dan (4 refleksi. Subjek penelitian ini adalah guru dan siswa kelas II SD Negeri 3 Banjar Jawa  dalam penelitian ini adalah teknik tes dan nontes.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran Think-Pair-Share bermedia gamabar diketahui bahwa ketuntasan hasil belajar siswa mengalami peningkatan dalam pembelajaran dengan hasil presentasi mendeskripsikan secara tertulis sebelum pelaksanaan tindakan 27%, siklus I 77% dan Siklus II 90 %. Pembelajaran dengan menerapkan model Think-Pair-Share bermedia gambar dapat meningkatkan keterampilan menulis. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah melalui penerapan model Think- Pair-Share bermedia gambar dapat meningkatkan keterampilan  menulis siswa kelas II SD Negeri 3 Banjar Jawa,. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah sebaiknya guru lebih aktif dan kreatif dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran yang inovatif dan menyenangkan.   Kata Kunci : Keterampilan menulis, model Think-Pair-Share

  17. A unique, intuitive, creative, innovative, bold scientist in endless quest of the truth and a giant in high-altitude medicine: Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo, "The Parvatha Guru" (May 20, 1926-September 17, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Professor Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo - The Mountain Guru, Bolivian visionary, loved art and science. He was a word class pioneer and defender of life and medicine at high altitude. In 1964, after his observations of the perfused heart in dogs, he affirmed that the hearts of high-altitude residents are much more resistant to hypoxia than those at sea level. He clarified misconceptions about lung diseases at high altitude, which were improperly termed "loss of adaptation." His original and unique views on what was called chronic mountain sickness (CMS, a term he proposed be discarded and be rather expressed as polyerythrocythemia (as a more precise symptomatic description of multiple pathologies in the hypoxic environment of high altitude. He created the "triple hypoxia syndrome," an essential description to explain the momentary decrease of PaO 2 in polyerythrocythemic patients. His concepts of hypoxia gave rise to the formulation of the high-altitude adaptation formula. On his obituary, legendary respiratory physiologist Prof. John B. West stated, "He was a remarkable man and our discipline has lost a giant." Renowned Environmental scientist Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, a long-time friend of Prof. Gustavo Sr., stated, "We lost one of the most valuable and precious personalities… a great loss to the world scientific community." Prof. Gustavo′s son Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta Calleja is also a renowned pulmonologist like his legendary father and keeping his illustrious father′s legacy with pride and honor at his "High Altitude Pulmonary and Pathology Institute," La Paz, Bolivia.

  18. Demonstration of Effects on Tropical Cyclone Forecasts with a High Resolution Global Model from Variation in Cumulus Convection Parameterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Timothy L.; Robertson, Franklin R.; Cohen, Charles; Mackaro, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) is a system of models that have been developed at Goddard Space Flight Center to support NASA's earth science research in data analysis, observing system modeling and design, climate and weather prediction, and basic research. The work presented used GEOS-5 with 0.25o horizontal resolution and 72 vertical levels (up to 0.01 hP) resolving both the troposphere and stratosphere, with closer packing of the levels close to the surface. The model includes explicit (grid-scale) moist physics, as well as convective parameterization schemes. Results will be presented that will demonstrate strong dependence in the results of modeling of a strong hurricane on the type of convective parameterization scheme used. The previous standard (default) option in the model was the Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert (RAS) scheme, which uses a quasi-equilibrium closure. In the cases shown, this scheme does not permit the efficient development of a strong storm in comparison with observations. When this scheme is replaced by a modified version of the Kain-Fritsch scheme, which was originally developed for use on grids with intervals of order 25 km such as the present one, the storm is able to develop to a much greater extent, closer to that of reality. Details of the two cases will be shown in order to elucidate the differences in the two modeled storms.

  19. PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN EXPERIENTIAL TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN DAN KETERAMPILAN MERANCANG RISET PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Suatma

    2016-11-01

    Untuk menjadi seorang guru peneliti, mahasiswa calon guru harus memiliki keterampilan riset pendidikan yang memadai. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pembelajaran experiential terhadap kemampuan dan keterampilan mahasiswa calon guru biologi dalam merancang riset penelitian pendidikan. Sampel penelitian adalah 68 mahasiswa calon guru biologi yang mengambil mata kuliah Metodologi Penelitian. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah tes objektif dan rubrik penilaian proposal. Hasil tes objektif menunjukkan bahwa rerata pemahaman mahasiswa calon guru biologi tentang perancangan riset pendidikan pada saat pretes adalah 27,35% sedangkan untuk postes adalah 40,94%. Penghitungan N-Gain menghasilkan nilai N-Gain 0,18 dan nilai ini menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan dari pretes ke postes termasuk dalam kategori rendah. Hasil penilaian proposal menunjukkan bahwa rerata penguasaan keterampilan merancang riset adalah 59,15%. Hasil penilaian proposal ini menunjukkan bahwa meskipun pembelajaran Experiential  kurang berpengaruh pada peningkatan aspek kognitif, pendekatan ini dapat membantu mahasiswa calon guru biologi dalam merancang proposal riset pendidikan.

  20. IMPLEMENTASI MODEL FOUR-D (4D UNTUK PEMBELAJARAN APLIKASI MULTIPLATFORM PENGGOLONGAN HEWAN BERDASARKAN MAKANANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khairil Anam

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang sering terjadi dalam proses kegiatan belajar mengajar adalah minimnya media pembelajaran, memiliki  keterbatasan waktu, tempat, dan cara pengajaran materi yang belum tepat. Untuk meminimum kendala tersebut dibutuhkan suatu aplikasi media pembelajaran E-Learning yang bisa digunakan dalam pemahaman materi yang tidak hanya dilakukan disekolah. Pembelajaran aplikasi multiplatform ini bertujuan untuk  memberikan keterampilan pelatihan yang berkualitas tinggi yang dapat membantu siswa dalam menggolongkan hewan berdasarkan makananya. Aplikasi media pembelajaran ini bersifat multiplatform, yaitu aplikasi ini tidak hanya dalam satu sistem operasi saja melainkan bisa digunakan dalam sistem operasi windows, android, linux, dan lain-lain. Dan juga aplikasi yang dikembangkan ini menggunakan model Four-D (4D yang memiliki beberapa tahap, tahap pendefinisian, perancangan, pengembangan, dan penyebaran. Yang berguna mengetahui kelayakan dari aplikasi media pembelajaran yang dikembangkan. Dari hasil yang diperoleh setelah melakukan penelitian menggunakan model Four-D, respon siswa dan guru terhadap aplikasi pembelajaran ini sangat baik. Dari guru SMP Negeri 1 Bluto 85,93% dan mendapat kriteria sangat baik dari siswa SMP Negeri 1 Bluto 93,33%.

  1. Pengaruh Keteladanan dan Kewibawaan Guru terhadap Sikap Tawadhu’ Siswa di MTs dan MA Sunan Drajat – Geger - Bojonegoro Tahun Pelajaran 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galuh Widitya Qomaro

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This study is intended to investigate the influence of modeling and authority of teachers (partially and simultaneously to the attitude of students at MTs and MA Sunan Drajat Geger Bojonegoro, academic year 2015. The data collections used were questionnaire and documentation. The number of subjects were 40 respondents drawn using random sampling techniques. Data obtained from the questionnaire were analyzed using Correlation Analysis and Multiple Regression. The finding reveals that the most influential factor towards students’ attitudes is modeling with regression coefficient of 0.972 (97.2%. Authority has positive effect towards students’ attitude though not significant with a regression coefficient of 0.02 (2%. In testing the hypothesis using F test, the two variables modeling (X1 and authority (X2 simultaneously affect the students’ attitude. This can be seen from the value of F which is greater than the F table.

  2. Reconciling bottom-up and top-down carbon flux estimates using NASA's GEOS-Carb modeling system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, L.; Baker, D. F.; Chatterjee, A.; Collatz, G. J.; Gregg, W. W.; Kawa, S. R.; Oda, T.; Rousseaux, C. S.; Wang, J. S.; Weir, B.

    2016-12-01

    NASA's Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) began in 2010 with the goal of better understanding carbon stocks and fluxes using remote sensing observations. Models play a critical role in achieving this goal by integrating diverse observations of the carbon cycle (e.g. vegetation characteristics, ocean color, night lights, precipitation) to produce estimates of flux, which is not directly observable at a global scale. Built around NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5) atmospheric general circulation model and data assimilation system, the GEOS-Carb system supports CMS by providing data-driven, bottom-up and top-down flux estimates and high-resolution global estimates of carbon dioxide concentration. Because all modeling components use a consistent set of meteorological forcing from GEOS-5, this system provides a unique, physically consistent view of the relationship between carbon flux and climate. We will present 1) an overview of the GEOS-Carb modeling system, products, and available web tools, 2) recent results placing 2015, a record-breaking meteorological year, in the context of the 13-year GEOS-Carb record, and 3) future directions in global modeling in support of science policy and satellite mission planning.

  3. Effect of School Community Empowerment Model towards Handwashing Implementation among Elementary School Students in Dayeuhkolot Subdistrict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetti Solehati

    2017-02-01

    Perilaku mencuci tangan dengan sabun di Indonesia masih menjadi masalah. Penyebabnya dikaitkan dengan kurangnya kesadaran dalam mencuci tangan pakai sabun. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah terhadap penerapan mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Dayeuhkolot, Kabupaten Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasi eksperimental dengan pretest dan posttest serta melakukan analisis deskriptif dan inferensial. Sampel terdiri dari 24 guru, 377 siswa di kelas 4-6, dan 24 dokter kecil. Metode pendekatan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan usaha kesehatan sekolah terpadu (gabungan model fit for school dan UKS terpilih, yang terdiri dari enam tahap. Instrumen terdiri dari kuesioner pengetahuan, lembar observasi, dan lembar checklist. Cuci tangan pakai sabun dievaluasi selama tiga bulan. Hasil menemukan bahwa terdapat skor meningkat dalam kategori baik untuk keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun guru dari 12,5% menjadi 100%, skor dokter kecil dalam kategori baik meningkat pada keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun dari 0% sampai 100%, keterampilan dari cuci tangan pakai sabun pada siswa meningkat dalam kategori baik dari 0% menjadi 87,5%. Pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah memengaruhi perilaku mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa SD.

  4. PENGEMBANGAN PEDOMAN IN SERVICE TRAINING PADA KURIKULUM 2013 MELALUI KKG-PAI DALAM MENINGKATKAN PROFESIONALISME GURU PAI DI KECAMATAN PANJI SITUBONDO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmuda Mahmuda

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to 1 produce teacher training model in the position (in service training that can be delivered the PAI’s teacher to have a better understanding, implementing and enhancing competencies as the responsibility of a teacher. In order that module is easy to be used by working group of Islamic education teachers in carrying out the training. This research uses the methodology of Research and Development (RnD that will be done by three stage.

  5. Kolaborasi Model Pembelajaran STAD dengan Tutor Sebaya Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Mata Pelajaran Strategi Pemasaran

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    Destri Cahyono

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Some of the tenth grade students of PBR at SMK PGRI 2 Malang has a low learning achievement on the subject of Marketing Strategy. One of the solutions to overcome this problem is to use collaborative learning model STAD with Peer Tutor. Aside of using the STAD Model that is conducted by teachers, peers assistance is believed to make the learning process be more effective. This is because students are usually more willing to ask their friends rather than their teachers. The type of this research is classroom action research (CAR. Subjects are the tenth grade students of PBR at SMK PGRI 2 Malang in 2014/2015 academic year. Data collection was done by using tests, observations, field notes, interviews and documentation. The results of the collaborative research that was conducted in the tenth grade students of PBR 2 show that: 1 the implementation of collaborative learning model STAD with Peer Tutor at Marketing Strategy subject in class X PBR SMK PGRI 2 Malang is in accordance with the plan or going well, which is conducted in two cycles. The process of implementing collaborative learning model STAD with Peer Tutor is that after the teacher explains the subject's. Abstrak: Sebagian siswa kelas X PBR di SMK PGRI 2 Malang pada mata pelajaran Strategi Pemasaran memperoleh hasil belajar yang kurang. Salah satu pemecahannya adalah dengan menggunakan kolaborasi Model pembelajaran STAD dengan Tutor Sebaya. Selain menggunakan Model STAD yang dilakukan oleh guru, bantuan teman sebaya dalam pembelajaran akan menjadi lebih efektif. Hal ini dikarenakan, siswa biasanya lebih berani bertanya pada teman dari pada bertanya pada guru. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK. Subyek penelitian adalah siswa kelas X PBR SMK PGRI 2 Malang tahun 2014/2015. Pengumpulan data menggunakan tes, observasi, catatan lapangan, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian penerapan kolaborasi yang dilakukan di kelas X PBR SMK PGRI 2 Malang menunjukkan bahwa

  6. The Fate of Saharan Dust Across the Atlantic: An Integrated Modeling and Observational Study of the TC4 Field Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowottnick, E.; Colarco, P. R.; daSilva, A.; McGill, M.; Hlavka, D.

    2010-01-01

    During the NASA TC-4 field campaign in July 2007, several Saharan dust events were observed over the Caribbean basin. A-Train observations suggest that these Saharan dust events are confined the Caribbean and rarely transported across Central America to the Pacific Ocean. We investigate the nature of this barrier to dust transport using the NASA GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model. Our simulations with GEOS-5 are driven by the Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) meteorological analyses, and include online simulation of aerosol distributions using a version of the Goddard Chemistry, Aerosol, Radiation, and Transport (GOCART) model. Simulated dust distributions are evaluated using A-Train observations from MODIS and CALIOP, as well as MISR and ground-based AERONET sun photometers, and show good agreement with the observations in terms of the timing and magnitude of dust events. A component analysis of the dust transport and removal pathways is used to evaluate the relative roles of these processes in establishing the observed dust transport barrier. From this analysis, we show that while both atmospheric dynamics and wet removal contribute towards the Caribbean dust barrier, northward dust transport is the more dominant term. Additional simulations are performed to ascertain the sensitivity of our results to uncertain loss processes (i.e., wet removal) in our model.

  7. Pengembangan Modul Bimbingan dan Konseling yang dapat digunakan Guru Bimbingan dan Konseling atau Konselor untuk Peningkatkan Self-Esteem (Penghargaan terhadap Diri Sendiri Siswa

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    Sarleni Rhepon

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to reveal whether the Guidance and Counseling module designed for increasing the students’ self-esteem had been proper in terms of content and appearance, and to describe the usability level of the Guidance and Counseling module to increase the students’ self-esteem. This research applied ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation model. The subjects of the research consisted of 6 experts to see the properness of the module and 3 Guidance and Counseling teachers to see the usability level of the module. This research was conducted by trying out the product and through Focus Group Discussion (FGD. The data of the research were analyzed by using descriptive statistic analysis and inferensial statistic. Based on these results, in general, the prototype of Guidance and Counseling module designed for increasing the students’ self-esteem had been proper and could be used by the Guidance and Counseling teachers to increase the students’ self-esteem.

  8. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGAJAR GURU DAN KESIAPAN BELAJAR TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR EKONOMI MELALUI MOTIVASI BELAJAR SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING SISWA KELAS XI IS SMA NEGERI 14 SEMARANG

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    Sefani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine The Influence of Teacher’s Teaching Skill and Student’s Learning Readiness Towards Economic Learning Outcomes Through Learning Motivation as an Intervening Variable of Social Sciences Students XIth Grade at State Senior High School 14 Semarang in Academic Year 2015/2016. The population in this research are all social sciences students XIth grade at state senior high school 14 Semarang in academic year 2015/2016, 144 students. The samples are 106 students were taken by using Slovin. Technical sampling that used is proportionate random sampling. This research use questionaire and documentation method to collect the data. Data analysis methods are descriptive statistic, confirmatory analysis, and structural equation modeling (SEM. The results showed that direct influence of teacher’s teaching skill was 19,4%, learning readiness was 21,8%, learning motivation was 38,7% toward learning outcomes. Direct influence of teacher’s teaching skill was 23,6%, learning readiness was 59,9% toward learning motivation. Indirect influence of teacher’s teaching skill toward learning outcomes through learning motivation was 28,5%. Indirect influence of learning readiness toward learning outcomes through learning motivation was 51,3%. Conclusions from this research, there are an effect of teacher’s teaching skill and student’s learning readiness directly and indirectly towards learning outcomes through learning motivation

  9. PERANAN SENTRAL GURU AGAMA HINDU DALAM PENCAPAIAN TUJUAN PENDIDIKAN NASIONAL DI INDONESIA DAN PEMBANGUNAN KARAKTER BANGSA YANG BERAKHLAK MULIA, JUJUR, TERAMPIL, BERHATI SUCI DAN BERSIH LAHIR BATIN

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    Ni Nengah Selasih

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The teachers of Hindu religion classes play central role in the effort to reach the goal of the national education as well as to build the characters that include honesty, skillfullness, clean and good-heartedness, as described in the national standard of education regulation No 20/2003 in which it states that the curriculum has to provide religious education (Pasal 37 UU Sisdiknas. The government attention to the education is implemented too by the issue of the Regulation on Teachers and Lecturers which states that teachers are professional educators with main duty to educate, teach, guide, train, and evaluate the students in the formal elementary, secondary, and high schools (UU RI No. 14/2005 Purwanto (2004:10.Education is the intentional enlightening from the adult to the younger ones in relation to their development in order to make them useful for themselves and in the society“The Indonesian national education systemas stated in UU No.2/1989 Bab, II, pasal 4,  states that the goal of the education is to develop a complete Indonesia people who are religious, good in their characters, have good knowledge and skills, healthy physically and mentally, independent, responsible for the society and nation. In line with that, the Hindu teachers should refer to the Vedic teachings and consider the physical, psychological, and social environments of study, the life as students (Sisya/Brahmacari, their roles (Acarya, the curriculum, the mteaching methods, as well as the goal of the education. These all should be centered on teaching with the emphasis on directing and motivating to reach the character buildingfacilitating that through learning experience helping to develop attitudes, values, and self adaptation At schools teachers should commit themselves to be 1 role models, 2 inspirators, 3 motivators, 4 regulator, 5 evaluator besides having good vision. Without these all, the goal of education will fail.

  10. The Effect of Satellite Track Masking on Simulated Cloud Satellite Data in a Global Atmospheric Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichmann, A.; da Silva, A.; Norris, P. M.; Molod, A.; Auer, B.

    2013-12-01

    The CFMIP Observation Simulator Package (COSP) simulates data provided by cloud-observing satellites and products based on the hydrometeor properties in an atmospheric model in order to provide an objective means to compare cloud properties between models. COSP also facilitates comparisons between models and satellite products, but as provided it examines the entire model domain whereas satellites cover only the swath of their respective orbital tracks. This temporal and spatial mismatch in data coverage may introduce biases in time-averaged model cloud fields. Here the data generated by COSP from a year-long integration of the GEOS-5 Earth System Model are masked with the respective orbital tracks of the satellites and compared to the unmasked fields to determine what biases domain-wide coverage may induce.

  11. RESPON DAN EKSPEKTASI GURU PAMONG SEKOLAH MITRA TERHADAP KOMPETENSI KEGURUAN MAHASISWA PPLK PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM FAKULTAS ILMU TARBIYAH DAN KEGURUAN UIN RADEN FATAH PALEMBANG

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    Muhammad Fauzi

    2018-02-01

    teacher students PPLK Prodi PAI FITK UIN Raden Fatah to be constructed as a picture of the ideal model of graduates deemed appropriate quality standards and the expectations of the PAI LPTK (stakeholders. As the primary source of this study was composed of teachers tutor informant who comes MAN, MAS, and SDIT Private High School who had been a school / madrasah FITK partner UIN Raden Fatah. The informant retrieval tailored to the needs of data to be extracted and focus on issues that were analyzed. Based on data analysis can be concluded that students PPLK Prodi FITK PAI already meet the minimum standards (not disappoint teacher competence. However, efforts to increase still needs to be done to achieve the maximum standard (satisfactory. Based on the answers of informants and the findings of this research, a lot of things that need to be evaluated and repaired by anyone FITK particularly Prodi PAI to improve the competence of teacher students Prodi PAI, ranging from increased knowledge, technical skills, strengthening governance and deepening of the material field of expertise (PAI to reform giving assignments parenting courses to lecturers appropriate field of expertise and experience (not professors who are still amateur as well as the need to involve practitioners (teachers professional parenting courses that are directly related to the competence of jocularity and practice activities / arena experience learning real school / madrasah. Some things that determine the quality of the graduates of teacher competence (output PAI Prodi FITK UIN Raden Fatah in the present and future.

  12. Analisis Perilaku Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Kesejahteraan Guru dan Motivasi Kerja Guru terhadap Kinerja Guru di MAN Se-Kabupaten Blitar

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    Moh. Mashudi

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Leadership behavior of principal, teacher welfare, and teacher work motivation are important to be implemented because it can affect teacher performance at MAN in Blitar Regency. This study examines the behavior of principal leadership, teacher welfare, and teacher work motivation on teacher performance at MAN in Blitar Regency. Population of this study is 170 teachers and taken as many as 114 teachers as sample through proportional random sampling method with table Isaac and Michael with 5% error rate. The results showed that partially the leadership behavior of principals have a significant positive effect on teacher performance at MAN in Blitar Regency. Variables of teacher welfare have a significant positive effect on teacher performance at MAN in Blitar Regency. Other results showed the teacher work motivation has a significant positive effect on teacher performance at MAN in Blitar Regency.

  13. Towards a Model Climatology of Relative Humidity in the Upper Troposphere for Estimation of Contrail and Contrail-Induced Cirrus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selkirk, Henry B.; Manyin, M.; Ott, L.; Oman, L.; Benson, C.; Pawson, S.; Douglass, A. R.; Stolarski, R. S.

    2011-01-01

    The formation of contrails and contrail cirrus is very sensitive to the relative humidity of the upper troposphere. To reduce uncertainty in an estimate of the radiative impact of aviation-induced cirrus, a model must therefore be able to reproduce the observed background moisture fields with reasonable and quantifiable fidelity. Here we present an upper tropospheric moisture climatology from a 26-year ensemble of simulations using the GEOS CCM. We compare this free-running model's moisture fields to those obtained from the MLS and AIRS satellite instruments, our most comprehensive observational databases for upper tropospheric water vapor. Published comparisons have shown a substantial wet bias in GEOS-5 assimilated fields with respect to MLS water vapor and ice water content. This tendency is clear as well in the GEOS CCM simulations. The GEOS-5 moist physics in the GEOS CCM uses a saturation adjustment that prevents supersaturation, which is unrealistic when compared to in situ moisture observations from MOZAIC aircraft and balloon sondes as we will show. Further, the large-scale satellite datasets also consistently underestimate super-saturation when compared to the in-situ observations. We place these results in the context of estimates of contrail and contrail cirrus frequency.

  14. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL KOLABORASI JIGSAW ROLE PLAYING SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN BEKERJASAMA SISWA KELAS V SD PADA PELAJARAN IPS

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    Ika Ari Pratiwi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model kolaborasi jigsaw, role playing untuk meningkatkan kemampuan bekerjasama siswa yang valid, efektif dan praktis. Metode penelitian adalah penelitian dan pengembangan (R&D. Tahap uji coba pengembangan terdiri atas uji coba ahli, uji coba skala terbatas dan uji coba skala luas. Keefektifan model kolaborasi jigsaw role playing  diperoleh rata-rata 51,83 dalam kategori baik diterapkan dalam pelajaran IPS, peningkatan kemampuan bekerjasama siswa hasil N-gain = 0,56 dengan kategori sedang, peningkatan hasil belajar IPS N-gain = 0,50 dengan kategori sedang dan hasil ketuntasan klasikal pembelajaran IPS 97,14%.  Hasil respon guru dan siswa terhadap model yang digunakan adalah berkriteria baik. Model final penelitian ini menghasilkan model kolaborasi jigsaw role playing yang dikemas dalam suatu buku pedoman.

  15. Profil Siswa Agresif dan Peranan Guru BK

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    Hafiz Hidayat

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Teens have a positive and negative behavior. Negative behavior is not characteristic of normal adolescent development, adolescents are developing will exhibit positive behavior. One of the teens indicated negative behavior is aggressive behavior. It can be seen in SMA N 5 Padang is quarrelsome, like teasing, hitting, pinching her, saying rude, insulting. This study aimed to describe the type of aggressive behavior of students and the role of BK teachers to address students' aggressive behavior SMAN 5 Padang. This study used a descriptive approach. The study population was a high school student Padang N 5 340 people with a total sample amounted to 77 people. Questionnaire data collection techniques to use. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Office Excel 2007. The findings showed that students' views of the aggressive actions hurt people physically with a percentage of 35.32%, while the aggressive actions of the student views of hurting people verbally 41.30% and aggression seen from damaging and destroying property by 30 percent, 42%. This means that the presence of aggressive behavior in SMA N 5 Padang.

  16. Transport "guru" Augulis speaks before thinking

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Rail Baltica projekti kõrvale on Lätis kerkinud Riia-Moskva vahelise kiirema rongiliini ehitamise projekt. Euroopa Komisjoni transpordivoliniku Siim Kallase sõnul on Rail Baltica ühendus tähtsam ning Moskva liini arendamine ei saa Euroopa Liidult rahastust

  17. PROFESIONALISME GURU MENIGKATKAN CITRA DUNIA PENDIDIKAN

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    Syahril Chaniago

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The teacher is a person who is authorized and responsible to guide and nurture students, either individually or in groups class and outside of class. Teachers as educators are professionals in charge of planning, implementing the learning process, and assess learning outcomes as well as coaching and training to students. A fact that must be accepted that the teacher is not akhi-final first-class citizens, but citizens with disabilities. It is well known, the presence of the teacher, not by design but by condition. Teacher is not a pure ideal situation but for various reasons, so it often appears related news is inappropriate teacher behavior. Perhaps this is one reason teachers do not have the character and personality of the teacher should be, certainly more dim the image of the teaching profession. Self-image as an educator would ease concerns the admissibility of properly by the environment. Personality is a dynamic organization of sitem pshikhofisik determines a unique adjustment to the environment. Personality is an inner state of a person that determines how he looks in adjusting to the environment. There are several factors that determine the development of the personality, which include: actor innate, environmental factors, and the interaction of innate and environmental. One of the life skills that teachers should have the ability to constantly develop and maintain self-image as an educator. Self-image as an educator would ease concerns the admissibility of teachers with good attendance by the environment. Furthermore, it is very influential to the trust will be given to the task of educating teachers. As an educator, teacher in daily life are required to always have the self-awareness that mandated profession. The figure of the teacher should be able to personally set an example for students and the environment. Their behavior will always be the public highlights. Keywords:

  18. KAJIAN PELAKSANAAN SERTIFIKASI GURU DALAM JABATAN

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    Totok Sumryanto F

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to discover and develop: (1 the effectiveness of the components of a portfolio documents in the development of the teaching profession, (2 the mechanism of recruitment of assessors and instructors for teacher certification, (3 the proposed mechanism of the teacher as a participant in the teacher certification, and (4 implementation of teaching profession training. This research was carried out with the eklektik approach to use or modify the educational research & development, which according to borg & gall (1983: 775-776 is divided into 7 stages. Components of teaching profession development, which is seen to have great impact, are: (1 lesson plan and implementation (2 academic achievement, (3 academic qualifications, (4 the work of professional development, (5 awards in the field of education, (6 education and training, and (7 participation in scientific forums. The assessment component of the supervisor and the experience in education and social organization are considered not supporting teaching profession development. Keywords: teacher certification, implementation, effectiveness

  19. PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONALISME GURU PAI DI ACEH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulfikar Ali Butho

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Development of Professionalism Competence of Islamic Education Teachers in Aceh. The development in Islamic Education Teachers Lhokseumawe City area, against the background by the competence of teachers of Islamic education suffered a setback of several indicators of professionalism. The findings based on qualitative data collection techniques are described through descriptive analysis reveals that the development of professional competencies of teachers in Lhokseumawe city has not shown significant growth. Efforts to develop professional competence of teachers are done through independent study, individual training, discussions and meetings of the board of teachers, strengthening through teachers’ group work, and organizing centre for teachers’ activities at the district level. However, the whole process of the training for teachers of Islamic education became stagnant, the budget cut for improving the quality of teachers, less motiveted, and lack of mastery of information and technology.

  20. Gaya Mengajar Guru Dalam Proses Belajar Mengajar

    OpenAIRE

    -, Djuwarijah

    2016-01-01

    Teacher with several competencies is important to develop cognitive affective and psychomotor domain. There are several differents of characteristic and study style in learning, so teacher should be adapt the teaching in  accordance with students need. There are three teaching styles, authoritarian, laissez faire and democratic style. The democratic style is a good ones  to develop all the competence that students have.Key Word: teacher style, teaching-learning process

  1. Guru Clown, or Pedagogy of the Carnivalesque.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schutzman, Mady

    2002-01-01

    Describes a teacher's experience of teaching a class entitled "Testimony, Magical Realism, and the Carnivalesque" which focused on the invention of aesthetic means to counter dominant, silencing discourses of power. Explains that students were asked to select a story from their own lives and were required to tell the story in three…

  2. PROFESIONALISME GURU DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN MUTU PEMBELAJARAN

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    Ketut Bali Sastrawan

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Professionalism to the demands of each profession. Without exception the teaching profession who daily deal with the nation's future children with a variety of characteristics of each are not the same. Teachers are an important component in the learning process. In improving the quality of learning, the teacher role and serves as a demonstrator, the class manager, mediator and facilitator, and evaluator. Professional teachers is important because those who have professional skills in various capacities as an educator. Teachers with keprofesionalitasnya it will be able to improve the learning process so as to improve the quality of learning.

  3. Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Matematika yang Berorientasi pada Model Problem Based Learning

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    Rahmi Ramadhani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitianini adalah untuk mengembangkan produk perangkat pembelajaran matematika yang berorientasi pada model problem based learning untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematika siswa. Perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan untuk siswa kelas 11 SMA YPK Medan diantaranya RPP, Buku Siswa, LKS dan instrumen tes pembelajaran. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan yang menggunakan model 4D Thiagarajan, Semmel dan Semmel. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas 11. Validasi perangkat pembelajaran berdasarkan pada pendapat para validator, praktiki yang telah sukses membuat perangkat pembelajaran, respon para guru serta siswa. Efektifitas dianalisis berdasarkan: (1 ketuntasan minimum kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematika siswa; (2 kemampuan guru dalam mengelola pembelajaran; dan (3 Keaktifan aktivitas siswa. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran matematika berorientasi pada model problem based learning  yang dikembangkan telah valid, praktis dan efektif. The aims of this study were to develop a product in the form of mathematics learning devices based on problem based learning model to improve the mathematics problem solving student’s ability. The materials developed were for 11th grade students of SMA YPK Medan, it consists of: lesson plan, student’s works sheet, student’s textbook and tes learning outcomes. This research was a research development with the reference Four-D model by Thiagarajan, Semmel and Semmel. Subjects in this study were 11th grade student’s. Learning devices validation based on the opinion of the validator, practicality based on the succesfull of learning equipment, the responses of teachers and students. Effectiveness is based on: (1 a minimum completeness mathematics problem solving student’s ability; (2 the ability of teachers to manage learnings; and (3 active activity of students. The result showed that the learning devices-aided model of problem based learning been

  4. PENGEMBANGAN CD PEMBELAJARAN INTERAKTIF KIMIA SMA BERBASIS INTERTEKSTUALITAS SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF MODEL PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr Sjaeful Anwar

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Studi aplikasi model pembelajaran intertekstual menggunakan CD pembelajaran telah dilakukan di 3 SMA, yaitu SMA A, SMA B dan SMA C selama bulan Mei 2010. Pemilihan tiga sekolah ini diharapkan dapat mewakili sekolah dengan kualitas rendah sampai kualitas tinggi. Selama proses ujicoba pembelajaran berlangsung, siswa dapat mengikuti secara aktif dengan memberikan respon yang baik. Dari tampilan-tampilan yang diberikan, siswa bisa memahami konsep-konsep pada materi hidrolisis garam dengan baik meskipun terkadang tampilan tersebut harus diberikan secara bolak-balik untuk dapat mempertautkan ketiga level representasi. Secara umum, siswa merespon dengan baik terhadap implementasi strategi pembelajaran intertekstual ini karena merasa tertarik dengan proses pembelajaran yang dilakukan dan memudahkan untuk memahami konsep-konsep yang diberikan secara sistematis dan selalu menghubungkan dengan konsep-konsep yang sudah dipelajari. Tanggapan guru terhadap implementasi strategi pembelajaran intertekstual ini memberikan pandangan yang positif, hal tersebut dikarenakan dengan proses pembelajaran yang dilakukan dapat memudahkan guru untuk menyampaikan materi hidrolisis garam yang disusun secara sistematis melalui pertautan ketiga level representasi dan dikemas dalam bentuk multimedia sehingga konsep-konsep yang disampaikan dapat diterima oleh siswa dengan utuh dan mudah. Aplikasi model pembelajaran intertekstual pada materi hidrolisis garam ternyata mampu meningkatkan penguasaan konsep-konsep pada materi tersebut. Peningkatan penguasaan konsep siswa terhadap materi hidrolisis garam diperoleh berdasarkan perhitungan nilai N-gain, secara keseluruhan diperoleh nilai N-gain sebesar 0,67 yang berarti implementasi strategi pembelajaran intertekstual pada materi hidrolisis garam ini dapat meningkatkan penguasaan konsep dengan kriteria tinggi. Hal ini didukung juga data model mental siswa untuk proses pelarutan berbagai garam. Model ini ternyata juga dapat meningkatkan

  5. Performance and Evaluation of the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office Observing System Simulation Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prive, Nikki; Errico, R. M.; Carvalho, D.

    2018-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (NASA/GMAO) has spent more than a decade developing and implementing a global Observing System Simulation Experiment framework for use in evaluting both new observation types as well as the behavior of data assimilation systems. The NASA/GMAO OSSE has constantly evolved to relect changes in the Gridpoint Statistical Interpolation data assimiation system, the Global Earth Observing System model, version 5 (GEOS-5), and the real world observational network. Software and observational datasets for the GMAO OSSE are publicly available, along with a technical report. Substantial modifications have recently been made to the NASA/GMAO OSSE framework, including the character of synthetic observation errors, new instrument types, and more sophisticated atmospheric wind vectors. These improvements will be described, along with the overall performance of the current OSSE. Lessons learned from investigations into correlated errors and model error will be discussed.

  6. Assimilation of Freeze-Thaw Observations into the NASA Catchment Land Surface Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farhadi, L.; Reichle, R. H.; De Lannoy, G. J.; Kimball, J. S.

    2013-12-01

    The land surface freeze/thaw (F/T) state plays a key role in the hydrological and carbon cycles and thus affects water and energy exchanges and net primary productivity at the land surface. To support the level 4 soil moisture and carbon products (value-added, i.e. using a combination of remote sensing data and modeling) for the planned NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission, an F/T assimilation algorithm is developed for the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5 (GEOS-5) modeling and assimilation framework. The algorithm includes a newly developed observation operator that diagnoses the landscape F/T state in the GEOS-5 Catchment land surface model. A rule-based approach that incorporates model and observational errors is developed and used for assimilating the categorical F/T measurements into the land surface model (F/T analysis). An Observing System Simulation Experiment is conducted using synthetically generated measurements of the F/T state for a region in North America (90-110oW longitude, 45-55oN latitude). The synthetic 'truth' is generated using the NASA Catchment land surface model forced with surface meteorological fields from the Modern-Era Retrospective Reanalysis for Research and Applications (MERRA). To generate synthetic measurements, the true categorical F/T state is corrupted with a prescribed amount of F/T classification error. The assimilation experiment employs the same Catchment model except that forcing errors (relative to truth) are introduced via the application of meteorological forcing fields from the Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS). The effect of the F/T analysis and classification error on land surface temperature and soil temperature predictions is examined in this research.

  7. Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Siswa dengan Menggunakan Model Make A Match Pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika di Kelas V SDN 050687 Sawit Seberang

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    Daitin Tarigan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Matematika materi mengubah pecahan ke bentuk persen, desimal dan sebaliknya dengan menggunakan model make a match di kelas V SD Negeri 050687 Sawit Seberang T.A 2013/2014. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK dengan alat pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah lembar observasi aktivitas guru dan siswa. Berdasarkan analisis data diperoleh hasil pada siklus I Pertemuan I skor aktivitas guru adalah 82,14 dengan kriteria baik dan aktivitas belajar dalah aktif. Tindakan dilanjutkan sampai dengan siklus ke II. Pada pertemuan II siklus II skor aktivitas guru adalah 96,42 dengan kriteria sangat baik dan aktivitas belajar klasikal adalah sangat aktif. Dari hasil tersebut dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa tindakan penelitian berhasil karena nilai indikator aktivitas belajar siswa dan jumlah siswa yang dinyatakan aktif secara klasikal telah mencapai 80%. Dengan demikian maka penggunaan model make a match dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa di kelas V SD Negeri 050687 Sawit Seberang pada mata pelajaran Matematika materi mengubah pecahan ke bentuk persen, desimal. Kata Kunci:      Model Make a Match; Aktivitas Belajar Siswa  AbstractThis reseach aim is to know the student activity on Math at topic change the fraction into percent, desimal and vice versa, using make a match model on fifth grade of SDN 050687 Sawit Seberang 2013/2014. This is a classroom action research which is used activity observrvation sheet as its instrumen of collecting data. From the analisys of data, it is got result as follows: on cycle I meet I, teacher activity score is 82,14, which was mean good, and learning activity was active. The action and then continued until second cycle. On the meet II cylce II, it was got teacher activity score is 96,42, which was mean very good, and clasical learning activity was very active. Based on the result, it was conclude

  8. Model Pembelajaran CTL (Contextual Teaching and Learning dalam Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa PGSD Pada MataKuliah Konsep IPS Dasar

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    Wahyu Susiloningsih

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Hasil belajar adalah suatu proses perubahan tingkah laku dalam pengetahuan, sikap, dan ketrampilan yang diperoleh dalam jangka waktu yang lama.Mata kuliah Konsep IPS Dasar merupakan mata kuliah yang memberikan pemahaman kepada mahasiswa PGSD tentang konsep dasar IPS sebagai landasan kajian yang bahannya bersumber dari kehidupan manusia di masyarakat, yang aspek-aspeknya meliputi social science (ilmu sosial, social studies (studi sosial, Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial (IPS. IPS merupakan pembelajaran pada tingkat sekolah yang berperan mengfungsionalkan ilmu-ilmu sosial yang bersifat teoritik dalam kehidupan nyata dalam masyarakat. Model pembelajaran CTL adalah model pembelajaran yang menuntut kreatifitas guru dalam mengaitkan subject matter dengan kehidupan nyata mahasiswa guna membantu mahasiswa untuk lebih mudah memaknai materi tersebut.

  9. Analysis of CO in the tropical troposphere using Aura satellite data and the GEOS-Chem model: insights into transport characteristics of the GEOS meteorological products

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    Junhua Liu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available We use the GEOS-Chem chemistry-transport model (CTM to interpret the spatial and temporal variations of tropical tropospheric CO observed by the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS and the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES. In so doing, we diagnose and evaluate transport in the GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 assimilated meteorological fields that drive the model, with a particular focus on vertical mixing at the end of the dry season when convection moves over the source regions. The results indicate that over South America, deep convection in both GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 decays at too low an altitude early in the wet season, and the source of CO from isoprene in the model (MEGAN v2.1 is too large, causing a lag in the model's seasonal maximum of CO compared to MLS CO in the upper troposphere (UT. TES and MLS data reveal problems with excessive transport of CO to the eastern equatorial Pacific and lofting in the ITCZ in August and September, particularly in GEOS-4. Over southern Africa, GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 simulations match the phase of the observed CO variation from the lower troposphere (LT to the UT fairly well, although the magnitude of the seasonal maximum is underestimated considerably due to low emissions in the model. A sensitivity run with increased emissions leads to improved agreement with observed CO in the LT and middle troposphere (MT, but the amplitude of the seasonal variation is too high in the UT in GEOS-4. Difficulty in matching CO in the LT and UT implies there may be overly vigorous vertical mixing in GEOS-4 early in the wet season. Both simulations and observations show a time lag between the peak in fire emissions (July and August and in CO (September and October. We argue that it is caused by the prevailing subsidence in the LT until convection moves south in September, as well as the low sensitivity of TES data in the LT over the African Plateau. The MLS data suggest that too much CO has been transported from fires in northern Africa to the UT

  10. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU PROFESIONAL BERBASIS PENULISAN ARTIKEL HASIL PTK BAGI GURU ANGGOTA PGRI DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO

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    Suwarno Widodo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of community service activities Ib.M is to provide training and mentoring to teachers in the district Purworedjo PGRI members in order to enhance the professional development of teachers Sustainable pascasertifikasi scientific publications based on the results of PTK . The method used is the method of lecture , discussion , question and answer , the methods of training , assignment , and mentoring . The approach includes five stages are carried out systematically and continuously by stages : 1 the first phase , the delivery of material : ( 1 Technical Proposal Preparation Class Action Research , (2 Technical Report Preparation TOD ; ( 3 Techniques of Writing Action Research Results classes and ( 4 Rule Tata Write Journal of Advanced Research ; 2 the second stage , the preparation of training proposals and reports PTK; drill results TOD article preparation ; 3 the third stage , the implementation of TOD mentoring practices in the field , 4 The fourth stage , mentoring and supervising the preparation of TOD , and 5 the fifth stage , mentoring practices PTK compose articles results ready for publication in research journals . Outcomes generated targets are teachers : 1 motivated and willing to develop innovative learning in school through PTK and 2 make the results TOD article that is ready to be loaded and Teaching Education Research Journal Educational Insights air- ISSN 2354-5739 Volume 1 Number first issue 1 November 2013 . As a follow up , PGRI Ib.M Purworejo as partners to form a product will follow Journal of Educational Research and Teaching " Educational Insights" which is planned to be published 2 times a year ie May and November. Keywords: action research, scientific publications, articles ?é?á

  11. MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS PENULISAN KARYA ILMIAH GURU-GURU SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS DI PARAKAN TEMANGGUNG

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    Rochmad Rochmad

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Partners of this community service wereMadrasah Aliyah Negeri Parakan and SMK 17 Parakan Temanggung, Temanggung. This community serviceactivity was aimed atovercoming some of the problems faced by the teachers in both partners related to improving the quality of teaching in the class and writing scientific papers. The problems were low quantity and quality of the scientific work of the teachers. This community service included: the workshopof developinginnovative and creative learning media based on curriculum 2013; workshopaction research proposal writing; facilitationduring the implementation and writingthe report of action research; mentoring during the writing of scientific articles based on the results of the action research; and facilitation of scientific articles publication in scientific journals. The product expected in this community service was a collection of learning methods using the scientific approach based on the curriculum of 2013.

  12. IbM GURU-GURU PAUD DI KECAMATAN PRINGAPUS KABUPATEN SEMARANG

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    Sinta Wardani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Cases of violence against children are prevalent recently. The actors of physical or verbal violence against children is not only adults, but also conducted by peers who are still in early age. Children certainly do not do it because they want to, they tend to do so because they imitate what they has seen and heard from their social environment. This kind of violence sparked fears for early childhood teachers in District Pringapus, Semarang regency. This concern relates to the way teachers respond impolite language or verbal abuse committed and experienced by children as it relates to the character education of children. This training is intended to equip teachers to establish verbal communicators who are humane and away from violence in communicating with children. The material presented includes child psychology, politeness and non-violence in the realm of education, interaction in teaching and learning, and character education. The material is presented with lecture, discussion, and assignment. Community service activities in form of training gain a positive response from the participants. Keywords: verbal, language politeness, character education

  13. Hubungan Keterampilan Manajerial Kepala Sekolah dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru dengan Performansi Mengajar Guru

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    Holten Sion

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This descriptive correlational survey aimed to investigate how principal's managerial skills and teacher's job satisfaction related to teacher's performance in remote areas. Using combined random-and-cluster sampling, this study involved 109 elementary schools. Data on principal's managerial skills and teacher's satisfaction were obtained through the use of questionnaires, whereas data on teaching performance were collected from observation. The results indicate that there was a significant relationship between the two variables of managerial skills and job satisfaction, which were of fair level, and teacher performance.

  14. PROGRAM GURU MENULIS: UPAYA PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU SEJARAH DALAM PENULISAN KARYA ILMIAH DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

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    Ibnu Sodiq

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this activity is (1 Adding insight and understanding of the history teacher to many types of scientific kara; (2 Stimulate the spirit of the teacher to develop competence particularly in the field of scientific writing; (3 Stimulating new ideas and teachers in scientific writing for the purposes of education and professional development; (4 Introduce and help teachers publish scientific papers in journals ilmiah.Kegiatan training was conducted by the method of seminars and workshops. Implementation of detailed training is divided into several activities, namely: (1 Presentation on the various themes that can be developed in the writing of scientific papers; (2 Presentation of the systematic writing scientific papers and procedures writing in scientific journals; (3 A discussion of various issues related to the material presented; (4 Assignment yan manufacture of scientific work was accompanied by a team of devotion; (5 Assistance and evaluation by both parties or by the PPM Team History MGMPs Semarang.Setelah District conducted a series of training, participants know the significance kmpetensi professional development through the development of a scientific article.

  15. MODEL KEPEMIMPINAN INSTRUKSIONAL KEPALA SEKOLAH

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    Husaini Usman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan model kepemimpinan instruksional kepala sekolah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis multikasus. Instrumen penelitan adalah peneliti sendiri. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara mendalam, observasi partisipasi, dan dokumentasi. Subjek penelitian adalah kepala sekolah, wakil kepala sekolah, dan guru secara snowball. Informan kunci dalam penelitian ini adalah kepala sekolah. Objek penelitian adalah pelaku, konsep, tempat, dan kegiatan. Langkah-langkah dan analisis data menggunakan model Creswell (2014. Keabsahan data dilakukan dengan kriteria kredibilitas, transferabilitas, dependabilitas, dan konfirmabilitas. Pada penelitian ditemukan model kepemimpinan instruksional kepala sekolah dengan siklus: pemahaman definisi kepemimpinan instruksional; tujuan dan manfaat kepemimpinan instruksional; indikator kepemimpinan instruksional yang efektif; strategi kepemimpinan instruksional; carapraktis melaksanakan kepemimpinan instruksional. Kata Kunci: kepemimpinan, instruksional, kepala sekolah THE SCHOOL PRINCIPALS’ INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP MODEL Abstract: This study was aimed to find a school principals’ instructional leadership model. This study used the multicase qualitative approach. The instrument was the researcher himself. The data were collected using the in-depth interviews, participant observation, and documentation. The subjects were the school principals, vice principals, and teachers taken using the snowball sampling technique. The key informants were the school principals. The object of the study was the persons, concept, places, and activities. The stages and the data analysis used Creswell’s (2014 model. The data validation was carried out using the credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability criteria. The findings showed that the school principals’ instructional model followed the following cycle: an understanding of

  16. PERBEDAAN HASIL BELAJAR EKONOMI ANTARA MODEL THINK-PAIR-SHARE DAN MODEL CONCEPT MAPPING PADA SISWA SMA 1 NGUTER SUKOHARJO

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    Nina Mahardani

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Pemilihan model belajar yang tepat oleh guru dalam proses belajar mengajar mampu menciptakan suasana belajar yang efektif dan menyenangkan, serta dapat mempermudah siswa dalam menerima dan memahami materi yang dipelajari. Hal itu terlihat pada pencapaian hasil belajar yang berkualitas ditunjukkan dengan capaian nilai diatas standar ketuntasan. Salah satu cara yang dapat dilakukan oleh guru dalam pembelajaran adalah dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran think pair share dan concept mapping. Sampel dalam penelitian ini yaitu 72 siswa kelas X SMA I Nguter Sukoharjo. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu kuisioner, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah statistik deskriptif dengan analisis frekuensi dan uji statistik t tes. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut menunjukkan adanya perbedaan, hal ini ditunjukkan dengan uji t diperoleh t hitung = 2.31 > t tabel = 1.99 yang berada pada daerah penolakan Ho untuk α = 5% dengan dk = 36+36-2 = 70. Disimpulkan bahwa model pembelajaran concept mapping lebih baik dibanding model pembelajaran think pair share dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Selection of an appropriate model of learning by the teacher in the learning process to create an effective learning environment and fun, and can facilitate students to receive and understand the material being studied. It was seen on achieving quality learning outcomes indicated by values ​​above performance standards mastery. One way that can be done by the teacher in learning is to apply a think pair share and concept mapping learning model. The sample for this study are 72 students grade ten in SMA 1 Nguter Sukoharjo . Data collection techniques were used questionnaires, observation, and documentation. Data analysis techniques in this research were used descriptive statistical analysis of the frequency and statistical test by t test. Based on these results reveal differences, as shown by the t

  17. Model Threshold untuk Pembelajaran Memproduksi Pantun Kelas XI

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    Fitri Nura Murti

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The learning pantun method in schools provided less opportunity to develop the students’ creativity in producing pantun. This situation was supported by the result of the observation conducted on eleventh graders at SMAN 2 Bondowoso. It showed that the students tend to plagiarize their pantun. The general objective of this research and development is to develop Threshold Pantun model for learning to produce pantun for elevent graders. The product was presented in guidance book for teachers entitled “Pembelajaran Memproduksi Pantun Menggunakan Model Threshold Pantun untuk Kelas XI”. This study adapted design method of Borg-Gall’s R&D procedure. The result of this study showed that Threshold Pantun model was appropriate to be implemented for learning to produce pantun. Key Words: Threshold Pantun model, produce pantun Abstrak: Pembelajaran pantun di sekolah selama ini kurang mengembangkan kreativitas siswa dalam memproduksi pantun. Hal tersebut dikuatkan oleh hasil observasi siswa kelas XI SMAN 2 Bondowoso yang menunjukkan adanya kecenderungan produk siswa bersifat plagiat. Tujuan penelitian dan pengembangan ini secara umum adalah mengembangkan model Threshold Pantun untuk pembelajaran memproduksi pantun kelas XI..Produk disajikan dalam bentuk buku panduan bagi guru dengan judul “Pembelajaran Memproduksi Pantun Menggunakan Model Threshold Pantun untuk Kelas XI”. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian yang diadaptasi dari prosedur penelitian dan pengembangan Borg dan Gall. Berdasarkan hasil validasi model Threshold Pantun untuk pembelajaran memproduksi pantun layak diimplementasikan. Kata kunci: model Threshold Pantun, memproduksi pantun

  18. Model Pembelajaran Seni Musik melalui Lesson Study: Studi Kasus di SDN Jawilan, Serang

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    Yulianti Fitriani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini dilatar-belakangi persoalan pembelajaran seni musik di SDN Jawilan Kab. Serang. Di SD ini penyelenggaraan pendidikan seni belum memperoleh perhatian yang cukup baik dari guru. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari pembagian alokasi waktu pembelajaran dan keterlibatan guru kelas yang tidak memiliki latar belakang pendidikan seni (musik. Dampak yang muncul, rata-rata siswa belum memiliki kemandirian dalam berkreativitas dan kurang berpartisipasi aktif dalam kegiatan musik baik di sekolah maupun di luar sekolah. Untuk memperbaiki persoalan tersebut dirasa perlu meminjam Lesson Study yang di dalamnya terdapat metode, pendekatan dan strategi pembelajaran sebagai pola untuk membelajarkan seni musik agar dapat memberikan alternatif sudut pandang terhadap persoalan metode yang tepat guna dan terencana dalam pengajaran pendidikan musik di SD, termasuk paradigma membelajarkan musik secara hakiki. Hasil yang diperoleh dapat memberikan alternatif sebagai dasar pengembangan pembelajaran seni musik.   The Model of Music Learning through a Lesson Study: A Case Study in Jawilan Elementary School, Serang. The learning problems of music lessons at Jawilan Elementary School in Serang becomes the mainly source of the research background in this article. The implementation of art education in this school has not gained enough attention from teachers. It can be seen from the distribution of the allocated time of learning and the involvement of classroom teachers who do not have sufficient background in art education (music. The appearing impact shows that the average of students do not have any independence in creativity and have less-active participation in the activities of musical arts either in school or outside the school. However, solving the problem is necessary to do by using a Lesson Study as a pattern (approaches, strategies, and methods of learning to teach music that can be used as an alternative point of view in developing methods and organizing the

  19. Prediction of atmospheric rivers over the North Pacific and its connection to ENSO in the North American multi-model ensemble (NMME)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yang; Kim, Hye-Mi

    2017-11-01

    Prediction skills of the wintertime atmospheric rivers (ARs) and moisture flux over the Northeast Pacific in response to El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) forcing are evaluated from the North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) hindcasts (CFSv2, CCSM4, CanCM3, CanCM4, GEOS5, and GFDL CM2.1). The skill is estimated for the active AR season, December-February (DJF) with initial conditions around early November. Models underestimate the climatological moisture flux to different extents corresponding with various climatological biases in predictions of sea surface temperature (SST) and large-scale atmospheric circulation fields. The anomalous moisture flux and AR frequency over the Northeast Pacific are predicted in the models but in weaker amplitude than the reanalysis. Significant regional biases are shown in the anomalous landfalling AR frequency corresponding with ENSO, underlining the challenge in regional precipitation forecasts.

  20. PEMBINAAN MODEL TRANSISI INSTITUSI BERASASKAN KOMPONEN PENYESUAIAN PELAJAR

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    Nor Hashimah Abu Bakar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Transisi institusi merupakan satu fasa yang kritikal terhadap pelajar. Langkah yang perlu diambil untuk menjadikan fasa ini dapat dilalui dengan baik ialah menyesuaikan diri dengan perubahan yang berlaku. Justeru, satu model transisi institusi berasaskan penyesuaian pelajar bagi memperlihatkan hubung kait antara beberapa pemboleh ubah penyesuaian diperlukan agar dapat menilai perubahan yang berlaku terhadap pelajar. Kajian ini bertujuan membina model transisi institusi berasaskan empat komponen penyesuaian pelajar (TIPP. Teori transisi Schlossberg menjadi asas kepada pembinaan model TIPP. Manakala Student Adaption to College Questionnaire (SACQ digunakan sebagai instrumen transisi pelajar. Subjek kajian terdiri daripada pelajar Persediaan Program Ijazah Sarjana Muda Perguruan (PPISMP Pendidikan Matematik di Institut Pendidikan Guru Malaysia (IPGM. Empat komponen penyesuaian (akademik, sosial, peribadi-emosi dan komitmen institusi menjadi tumpuan kepada kajian ini. Model diuji dan dinilai melalui analisis Model Persamaan Berstruktur Kuasa Dua Terkecil Separa (MPB-KDTS. Kajian dilakukan berjaya mengemukakan model TIPP berdasarkan Teori Transisi Schlossberg dan memperlihatkan hubung kait secara serentak antara komponen-komponen penyesuaian.

  1. MODEL PENGENALAN PERMAINAN DALAM PEMBELAJARAN LOMPAT JAUH PADA SISWA KELAS ATAS SEKOLAH DASAR

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    Kurnia Azis Setyawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model pengenalan pembelajaran lompat jauh pada siswa sekolah dasar (SD kelas atas tahun pelajaran 2013/2014 di Kecamatan Srumbung, Kabupaten Magelang. Model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan diharapkan untuk digunakan guru SD sebagai salah satu bentuk pembelajaran lompat jauh yang baik dan efektif. Penelitian pengembangan ini dilakukan dengan mengadaptasi langkah-langkah penelitian pengembangan sebagai berikut: (1 pengumpulan informasi di lapangan, (2 melakukan analisis terhadap informasi yang telah dikumpul-kan, (3 mengembangkan produk awal (draf model, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba lapangan skala kecil dan revisi, (6 uji coba lapangan skala besar dan revisi, dan (7 pembuatan produk final. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas 5 SD N Tegalrandu dan SD N Polengan, Kecamatan Srumbung yang berjumlah 31 siswa. Uji coba skala besar dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas 5 SD N Tegalrandu, SD N Polengan, SD N Pucanganom, SD N Pandanretno, SD N Soka 1 yang berjumlah 81 siswa. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu; (1 pedoman wawancara, (2 skala nilai, (3 pedoman observasi model pembelajaran, (4 pedoman observasi keefektifan model pembelajaran. Teknik analisis data yang dilakukan yaitu analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini berupa buku dan video model pengenalan dalam pembelajaran lompat jauh pada SD kelas atas. Berdasarkan penilaian ahli materi cabang olahraga atletik dan guru penjasor-kes, produk model pengenalan dalam pembelajaran lompat jauh pada SD kelas atas, sudah sesuai dan layak untuk digunakan oleh guru penjasorkes dalam mengajarkan materi lompat jauh kepada siswanya dengan nilai rata-rata 98,1%. Kata kunci: pengembangan, permainan, model pengenalan pembelajaran lompat jauh   INTRODUCTION MODELS IN LEARNING GAMES OF LONG JUMP IN UPPER CLASS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Abstract This study aims to produce introduction models of the

  2. Evaluating a 3-D transport model of atmospheric CO2 using ground-based, aircraft, and space-borne data

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    J.-D. Paris

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available We evaluate the GEOS-Chem atmospheric transport model (v8-02-01 of CO2 over 2003–2006, driven by GEOS-4 and GEOS-5 meteorology from the NASA Goddard Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, using surface, aircraft and space-borne concentration measurements of CO2. We use an established ensemble Kalman Filter to estimate a posteriori biospheric+biomass burning (BS + BB and oceanic (OC CO2 fluxes from 22 geographical regions, following the TransCom-3 protocol, using boundary layer CO2 data from a subset of GLOBALVIEW surface sites. Global annual net BS + BB + OC CO2 fluxes over 2004–2006 for GEOS-4 (GEOS-5 meteorology are −4.4 ± 0.9 (−4.2 ± 0.9, −3.9 ± 0.9 (−4.5 ± 0.9, and −5.2 ± 0.9 (−4.9 ± 0.9 PgC yr−1, respectively. After taking into account anthropogenic fossil fuel and bio-fuel emissions, the global annual net CO2 emissions for 2004–2006 are estimated to be 4.0 ± 0.9 (4.2 ± 0.9, 4.8 ± 0.9 (4.2 ± 0.9, and 3.8 ± 0.9 (4.1 ± 0.9 PgC yr−1, respectively. The estimated 3-yr total net emission for GEOS-4 (GEOS-5 meteorology is equal to 12.5 (12.4 PgC, agreeing with other recent top-down estimates (12–13 PgC. The regional a posteriori fluxes are broadly consistent in the sign and magnitude of the TransCom-3 study for 1992–1996, but we find larger net sinks over northern and southern continents. We find large departures from our a priori over Europe during summer 2003, over temperate Eurasia during 2004, and over North America during 2005, reflecting an incomplete description of terrestrial carbon dynamics. We find GEOS-4 (GEOS-5 a posteriori CO2 concentrations reproduce the observed surface trend of 1.91–2.43 ppm yr−1 (parts per million per year, depending on latitude, within 0.15 ppm yr−1 (0.2 ppm yr−1 and the seasonal cycle within 0.2 ppm (0.2 ppm at all latitudes. We find the a posteriori model reproduces the aircraft vertical profile measurements of CO2 over North America and Siberia generally within 1

  3. The North Pacific Summer Jet and Climate Extremes Over North America: Mechanisms and Model Biases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schubert, S. D.; Wang, H.; Chang, Y.; Koster, R. D.; Molod, A.

    2017-12-01

    The North Pacific summer jet (NPSJ) plays a critical role as a waveguide for weather systems and other sub-seasonal Rossby waves entering North America and therefore has a controlling influence on the warm season weather and climate extremes over much of the continent. In particular, much of the warm season precipitation that occurs over the central United States depends on subseasonal transients that are able to tap moisture from the Gulf of Mexico as they propagate across the continent. The GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM), like many AGCMs, is deficient in the simulation of the NPSJ. It is shown that the deficiency is composed of: 1) a stunted jet in which the strongest winds are confined to the Asian continent, failing to extend across the North Pacific into the Gulf of Alaska as observed, and 2) a zonally symmetric poleward shift in the jet. These biases combine to impede the eastward propagation of the weather systems into the continent (the stunted jet), and deprive those systems that do enter the continent access to the moisture from the Gulf (the northward shift), leading to a dry bias over the central US. It is shown that the stunted jet bias is the result of too strong heating that occurs just south of the jet core over and near Tibet. Furthermore, it is shown that the poleward shift of the NPSJ can be corrected in the current GEOS-5 AGCM by increasing the vertical resolution. The implications of these results for improving warm season forecasts of extreme events will be discussed.

  4. Spatial and temporal variability of column-integrated CO2: identifying drivers and variations from high-resolution model simulations and OCO-2 observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, A.; Ott, L.; Wennberg, P. O.; Kawa, S. R.; O'Dell, C.; Osterman, G. B.; Wunch, D.

    2015-12-01

    Isolating the drivers and variations in column-averaged dry air mole fraction of carbon dioxide (XCO2) is essential for mining information from space-based remote-sensing observations, such as those available from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2). Contrary to the large number of studies analyzing the variability of surface CO2 concentrations, studies analyzing the spatiotemporal variability of XCO2 are relatively limited. More importantly, these results are either based on a sparse network of ground-based total column observations (i.e., from the Total Column Carbon Observing Network - TCCON) or derived from low-resolution model simulations. In this study, using the high-resolution (~7 km) GEOS-5 model simulated fields and the high-density observations from OCO-2, we investigate how variability in surface fluxes and/or meteorological drivers impact the observed XCO2 variability across a range of scales. The study focuses on ~13:30 LT and is designed to highlight the significant contributors to local and regional scale XCO2 variability from daily to seasonal timescales. In collaboration with the OCO-2 Validation team, the variability information is also being used to identify small geographical areas (<1° or ~100km) where the XCO2 is expected to be relatively constant. These small areas then serve as target regions for examining the potential of external variables (for e.g., surface reflectance, aerosol) to generate biases (variability) in the XCO2 retrievals in those regions. We will also show comparison results of the model-based variability analyses with the variability statistics derived from actual OCO-2 retrievals. This comparison serves as an important consistency check for the simulated fields from the GEOS-5 model. Finally, we will review these results in terms of assessing and quantifying representation errors as well as developing and implementing data thinning/'superobbing' algorithms for OCO-2 retrievals.

  5. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE LEARNING TOGETHER UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA KELAS XI B PADA MATA PELAJARAN PKN DI SMK PGRI II SALATIGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nani Mediatati

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Hasil pengamatan peneliti terhadap pembelajaran PKn di kelas XI B SMK PGRI II Salatiga, nampak bahwa guru masih menggunakan metode ceramah dan tanya jawab dalam menyampaikan materi. Pembelajaran lebih berpusat pada guru dan menekankan pada pembelajaran secara individual, sehingga tingkat keaktifan siswa rendah (34,25% dari seluruh siswa di kelas . Hal ini juga berdampak kepada rendahnya hasil belajar yang mencapai 62,17 persen siswa di bawah KKM ( 75 . Terkait masih rendahnya keaktifan siswa serta rendahnya hasil belajar siswa tersebut, maka dilakukan PTK sebagai upaya untuk meningkatkan keaktifan dan hasil belajar siswa melalui penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe learning together, sebagai salah satu alternatif pembelajaran yang lebih tepat. Indikator keberhasilan yang ditetapkan dalam penelitian ini adalah keaktifan belajar siswa meningkat lebih dari 80 persen dari jumlah siswa dan hasil belajar siswa mencapai KKM (≥ 75 meningkat 100 persen. Selama proses pembelajaran menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe learning together keaktifan belajar siswa dapat meningkat, karena siswa diberdayakan dan diberi kepercayaan untuk kritis dan terlibat aktif dalam kegiatan belajar. Ketercapaian persentase rata-rata keaktifan belajar siswa mencapai 71,4 persen pada siklus I yang lebih baik dari rata-rata keaktifan belajar siswa pada pra siklus yang hanya mencapai 34,25 persen saja, pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 91,4 persen. Dampak positif dari meningkatnya keaktifan belajar siswa adalah pada hasil belajar siswa yang juga meningkat, semula nilai rata-rata 72,43 pada pra siklus menjadi 75,86 pada siklus I dan 80,92 pada siklus II. Ketercapaian KKM (75, semula 37,83 persen pada pra siklus meningkat menjadi 81,08 persen pada siklus I dan menjadi 100 persen pada siklus II.

  6. Development of Web-Based Formative Assessment Model to Enhance Physics Concepts of Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ediyanto Ediyanto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan Model Penilaian Formatif Berbasis Web untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Fisika Siswa   Abstract: There are two approaches of learning assessment, called formative and summative. The formative assessment is applicable because it involves students directly during the process, may im-prove these students perceptive. The limited time in class makes this process difficult, then the de-velopment of both online and offline formative assessment, provide responsive feedback for teachers and students, is definitely needed. This research goal is to produce a model of web-based formative assessment for physics. This study used research design and development of the formative assess-ment-model. Questionnaire is used for product validation, consist of validation of textbook,  instrument of pre and post-learning quizzes and web product.The result of quantitative analysis shows that the developed product is valid without any revision. Based on qualitative data, the product revision follows comments and suggestions from expert’s validation, teachers and students. The product testing shows that the formative assessment-model may improve students’ conceptual comprehension. Key Words: formatice assessment-model, students’ conceptual comprehension of physics, web-based   Abstrak: Penilaian terbagi menjadi dua macam yaitu penilaian formatif dan penilaian sumatif. Penilaian formatif tepat digunakan karena prosesnya melibatkan siswa secara langsung di dalam proses pembelajaran dan mampu meningkatkan pemahaman konsep siswa. Keterbatasan waktu di kelas menyebabkan proses ini sulit dilakukan, maka perlu dikembangkan model penilaian formatif secara online dan off-line yang dapat memberikan umpan balik yang cepat bagi siswa dan guru. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah menghasilkan model web-based penilaian formatif untuk pembelajaran fisika. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan penelitian dan pengembangan model penilaian formatif. Instrumen yang digunakan

  7. CHARACTER EDUCATION MODEL BASED ON EDUCATION IN ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novrian Satria Perdana

    2015-10-01

      Abstrak, Berbagai upaya untuk menjadikan pendidikan lebih mempunyai makna bagi individu yang menyentuh tataran afektif telah dilakukan melalui mata pelajaran Pendidikan Agama, Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan, Pendidikan IPS, Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia, dan Pendidikan Jasmani. Namun demikian upaya-upaya tersebut ternyata belum mampu mewadahi pengembangan karakter secara dinamis dan adaptif terhadap perubahan jaman yang sangat cepat. Permasalahan gagalnya pendidikan formal di sekolah dalam membentuk karakter siswa sangat perlu diantisipasi, sehingga perlu dikembangkan suatu model pembelajaran dan system pendidikan yang dapat digunakan untuk membentuk karakter siswa. Permasalahan pendidikan di sekolah yang belum dapat membentuk karakter siswa dipengaruhi oleh beberapa factor, diantaranya factor manajemen sekolah, guru, dan model pembelajaran. Untuk memperoleh model pembelajaran yang cocok, telah dilakukan penelitian tentang best practices pendidikan karakter di beberapa pesantren yang berada di propinsi Sumatera Utara, propinsi Nangroe Aceh Darussalam, propinsi Sumatera Barat, propinsi Riau, propinsi Jambi, dan propinsi Sumatera Selatan. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan dua tehnik yang lazim digunakan dalam penelitian dalam penelitian kualitatif, yaitu; observasi dan wawancara mendalam. Ditemukan bahwa pesantren salafiyah lebih mengutamakan keteladanan ustadz, sedangkan pesantren modern menerapkan aturan yang ketat untuk menumbuhkan sikap disiplin dan tanggungjawab. Pesantren menumbuhkan atribut karakter saling tolong menolong, ihklas mengabdi, kesederhanaan, dan kemandirian. Kebijakan yang dapat diambil berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini adalah menerapkan pendidikan karakter secara holistic melalui program sekolah yang harus dipahami dan dipatuhi oleh semua unsur pendidik dan peserta didik.  Untuk itu, lembaga pendidikan seharusnya menetapkan misi yang eksplisit terkait pengembangan karakter siswa.   Kata Kunci: pendidikan karakter, model

  8. MODEL DAN MATERI PENDIDIKAN SEKS ANAK USIA DINI PERSPEKTIF GENDER UNTUK MENGHINDARKAN SEXUAL ABUSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Endang Jatmikowati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Kekerasan seksual yang menimpa siswa PAUD/TK Jakarta International School beberapa waktu yang lalu menyadarkan kita akan pentingnya mengembangkan materi pendidikan seks untuk anak usia dini. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menemukan model dan materi pendidikan seks anak usia dini perspektif gender. Sumber data primer penelitian adalah guru-guru TK/PAUD. Langkah penelitian meliputi identifikasi permasalahan sexual abuse anak usia dini, identifikasi kebutuhan, potensi, pendidikan seks anak usia dini perspektif gender, dan FGD workshop model dan materi pendidikan seks anak usia dini perspektif gender. Uji model dan materi oleh psikolog anak dan ahli pendidikan. Ada pun materi pokok pendidikan seks anak usia dini meliputi tema-tema: (1 Aku dan Tubuhku; (2 Aku dan Pakaianku; (3 Keluarga dan Orang di Sekitarku; dan (4 Cara Merawat dan Menjaga Tubuh. Model pembelajaran dengan menggunakan sentra bermain peran. Hasil pengembangan materi ajar divalidasi oleh pakar dengan menghasilkan nilai “Baik” untuk bahan yang menyangkut ranah kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotrik. Kata Kunci: pendidikan seks, perspektif gender, anak usia dini, sexual abuse A MODEL AND MATERIAL OF SEX EDUCATION FOR EARLY-AGED-CHILDREN OF GENDER PERSPERCTIVE TO PREVENT SEXUAL ABUSE Abstract: Sexual abuse occurring on the early-aged student of Jakarta International School made us realize on the importance of developing sex education materials for early-aged child. This study was aimed to find a model and material for sex education for early-aged children of gender perspective. The data source was the teachers of kindergartens. The steps of the study was identifying sexual abuse on the early-aged children; identifying needs, potentials, sex education of early-aged children of gender perspective; conducting FGD workshop model. The model and material were validated by involving psychologists and education experts. The findings showed that the material of sex education for earlyaged

  9. MODEL REMEDIASI MISKONSEPSI MATERI RANGKAIAN LISTRIK DENGAN PENDEKATAN SIMULASI PhET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mursalin -

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen dengan rancangan “One-Group Pretest-Posttest Design”. Sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswa calon guru fisika yang dipilih dengan teknik random sampling. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan tes pilihan ganda dengan pertanyaan (alasan terbuka disertai dengan model Certainty of Response Index. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah meremediasi miskonsepsi mahasiswa calon guru pada topik rangkaian listrik dengan model simulasi PhET berbantuan lembar kerja. Hasil penelitian pasca pretest diperoleh persentase mahasiswa yang miskonsepsi, terbesar pada konsep: (a arus listrik pada lampu-2 pasca lampu-1 dicabut pada rangkaian paralel (53%, (b beda potensial rangkaian terbuka yang mengandung sumber tegangan (48%, (c gaya gerak listrik dan tegangan jepit (47%, (d tegangan jepit dan arus listrik rangkaian yang mengandung sumber tegangan paralel (37%, dan (e arus listrik pada hubungan singkat (28%. Pasca treatment dengan model simulasi PhET berbantuan lembar kerja, hasil posttest menunjukkan 9 konsep (90% berhasil dipahami dengan baik oleh mahasiswa termasuk yang berstatus menebak konsep, kurang paham konsep, dan miskonsepsi; sedangkan konsep ggl dan tegangan jepit (1 konsep hanya berhasil meminimalkan pemahaman konsep dan miskonsepsi mahasiswa dengan persentase menebak konsep 22%, kurang paham konsep 17%, dan miskonsepsi 11%. This research used the experiment method withOne-Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The research samples were students of physics teacher candidates that selected by random sampling technique. The research instrument used a multiple-choice test accompanied by Certainty of Response Index model. The aims of this research was to remediate misconceptions of students of physics teacher candidates on the electrical circuits topic with the PhET simulation model. The results of this research after pretest showed that the largest percentage of students’ misconceptions was on the concept of (a an

  10. PENGEMBANGAN MODUL EVOLUSI DENGAN PENDEKATAN SAINTIFIK MENGGUNAKAN MODEL THINK, TALK, WRITE (TTW DI SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Wijayati Wulandari

    2017-01-01

    . Bahan ajar yang ada masih mengacu pada buku paket dalam Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP, sedangkan guru harus mengajar dengan pendekatan saintifik yang mengacu pada kurikulum 2013. Analisis kebutuhan guru menyatakan bahwa 86% guru pengampu pelajaran biologi materi evolusi memerlukan modul pembelajaran bagi peserta didik. Analisis kebutuhan peserta didik dalam tiga tahun pembelajaran terakhir menunjukkan bahwa tingkat ketuntasan peserta didik kurang dari 35%. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengembangkan modul evolusi bagi peserta didik dengan pendekatan saintifik menggunakan model Think, Talk, Write di SMAN I Glenmore Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Modul dikembangkan berdasarkan model pengembangan Dick & Carey (2001 yang terdiri dari sembilan tahap pengembangan. Analisis hasil validasi ahli perangkat pembelajaran menunjukkan kategori sangat valid dengan hasil persentase penilaian sebesar 90,77% untuk silabus dan sebesar 91,04% untuk RPP. Analisis hasil validasi ahli desain pembelajaran menunjukkan kategori sangat valid dengan hasil persentase penilaian sebesar 98,57% untuk modul. Analisis hasil validasi ahli materi menunjukkan kategori valid dengan hasil persentase penilaian sebesar 82,33% untuk modul peserta didik. Analisis hasil validasi oleh praktisi pelaksana pembelajaran di lapangan menunjukkan kategori sangat valid dengan hasil persentase penilaian sebesar 100% untuk silabus, sebesar 93,08% untuk RPP, dan sebesar 97,25% untuk modul peserta didik. Analisis hasil uji coba keterbacaan kelompok kecil oleh peserta didik menunjukkan kategori sangat valid dengan hasil persentase penilaian sebesar 86,78% untuk modul. Berdasarkan hasil validasi tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa modul evolusi dengan pendekatan saintifik menggunakan model Think, Talk, Write yang diperuntukkan bagi peserta didik valid dan diharapkan mampu memenuhi keterbatasan pada bahan ajar yang sudah tersedia.

  11. MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERTANYA SISWA MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH PADA POKOK BAHASAN INTI MASALAH EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rian Wijaya Putra

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi yang dilakukan oleh peneliti di kelas X3 SMA N 2 Kendal, menunjukkan bahwa kondisi pembelajaran pada mata pelajaran ekonomi belum dapat menarik minat dan keaktifan siswa. Hal ini diduga disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor. Salah satunya model pembelajaran konvensional seperti guru menerangkan materi pembelajaran dan siswa hanya mendengarkan penjelasan dari guru selanjutnya siswa diberi tugas rumah untuk dikerjakan. Hal ini membuat siswa menjadi pasif dalam proses pembelajaran. Indikator dari pasifnya siswa adalah terlihat bahwa dalam proses pembelajaran di kelas, masih banyak siswa yang enggan untuk bertanya, menjawab, maupun menanggapi pertanyaan guru. Siswa cenderung malas untuk menggali potensi diri mereka sehingga pembelajaran menjadi kurang optimal. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut perlu dilakukan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran yang menarik dan menyenangkan salah satunya yaitu dengan pembelajaran berbasis masalah. Tujuannya yaitu untuk mengetahui apakah dengan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah dapat meningkatkan kemampuan bertanya siswa kelas X3 SMA N 2 Kendal. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X3 SMA N 2 Kendal . Penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilaksanakan terdiri dari 2 siklus. Proses penelitian terdiri dari 4 langkah yaitu : 1 perencanaan, 2 pelaksanaan 3 observasi 4 refleksi. Jenis data yang diambil yaitu kemampuan bertanya siswa melalui teknik non tes yaitu mengamati aktivitas siswa selama proses pembelajaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan bertanya siswa meningkat pada setiap siklusnya, terbukti dari hasil siklus I hanya 14 siswa atau sekitar 43,75% sedangkan pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 20 siswa atau sekitar 62,50%. Hal ini berarti hasil pada siklus II sudah mencapai indikator keberhasilan karena sudah lebih dari 60% siswa memiliki kemampuan bertanya dalam pelajaran ekonomi.Dari hasil penelitian diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran berbasis

  12. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS KOMPETENSI BIDANG KELISTRIKAN DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN

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    Riana T. Mangesa Dyah D. Andayani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah mengembangkan model pembelajaran dan perangkat pembelajaran berbasis kompetensi terintegrasi pendidikan karakter di SMK. Penelitian ini termasuk jenis Research & Development yang mengacu tahapan Borg dan Gall (1983, yaitu yang terdiri atas analisis kebutuhan, perancangan pengembangan, validasi ahli dan revisi, uji coba, dan tahap implementasi. Data berupa data kuantitatif dan kualitatif yang diperoleh lewat angket. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah statistik deskriptif dan statistik nonparametrik, yaitu Kruskall Wallis yang penghitungannya memakai SPSS. Hasil penelitian berupa produk pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran bidang kelistrikan yang berupa modul, media, dan penilaian pencapaian kompetensi (rubrik penyekoran. Hasil pengembangan memenuhi tuntutan validitas, pencapaian kompetensi dalam proses pembelajaran yang dipergunakan secara keseluruhan tinggi, guru memberi skor penilaian melalui pencapai kompetensi sesuai kriteria dalam rubrik penyekoran terhadap ketiga aspek kompetensi, yaitu aspek kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik. Penilaian keefektifan pembelajaran secara menyeluruh menunjukkan bahwa siswa dan guru memberikan tanggapan secara aktif dan mencapai tujuan pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: pengembangan model penilaian, pembelajaran berbasis kompetensi, rubrik penye- koran, SMK DEVELOPING A COMPETENCE-BASED INSTRUCTIONAL MODEL IN THE ELECTRICAL FIELD IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS Abstract: This study was aimed to develop a competence-based instructional model integrated with character education in vocational schools. This study belonged to the Research and Development study using the stages as developed by Borg and Gall (1983: a needs analysis, developmental design, expert validation and revision, try-out, and implementation stages. The data were in the form of quantitative and qualitative data obtained through questionnaires. The data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics and non

  13. Pengembangan Model Pembelajaran Matematika Volum Benda Putar Berbasis Teknologi Dengan Strategi Konstruktivisme Student Active Learning Berbantuan CD Interaktif Kelas XII

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    M S Rudiyanto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Kemampuan mengkonstruksi pengetahuan merupakan aspek yang penting dalam belajar matematika. Rendahnya kemampuan siswa dalam mengkonstruksi pengetahuan mempengaruhi kualitas belajar siswa yang berdampak pada rendahnya prestasi belajar siswa. Salah satu upaya untuk mengatasi hal tersebut dilakukan dengan pembelajaran yang menekankan keaftifan siswa. Model pembelajaran yang menekankan siswa yang akan dibahas pada makalah ini adalah Model pembelajaran dengan Strategi Konstruktivisme Student Active Learning berbantuan CD interaktif (KSAL. Pengembangan model pembelajaran KSAL mengacu pada model pengembangan Plom (1977 yang terdiri dari Premilinary Investigation, Design, Realization, Test, Evaluation, Revision, and Implementation. Model KSAL memiliki unsure sintakmatik yang tercermin dalam RPP memuat strategi yang merupakan modifikasi model TTW dan model CLD yang terdiri dari bridge, grouping, think, write, reflection, and evaluation. Model ini menempatkan guru sebagai fasilitator. CD interaktif dalam model KSAL ini dirancang agar siwa belajar mandiri. Materi dalam CD terdiri dari materi volum benda putar, lembar kerja siswa, lembar tugas siswa, permainan dan tes akhir dan disusun secara kontruktivisme yakni memungkinkan siswa membangun pengetahuan dalam menemukan konsep volum benda putar. Kata kunci: kontruktivisme, Student Active Learning, volum benda putar.

  14. Keikutsertaan Guru Dalam Pengambilan Keputusan dan Motivasi Kerja Guru Dalam Hubungannya Dengan Produktivitas Kerja Guru SMA Negeri di Kabupaten Minahasa dan Kotamadya Manado

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    Evi E. Masengi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available There is a functional relationship between the participation in decision making as well as in work motivation and the productivity of teacher's work. This, among others, is revealed by a study conducted in Kabupaten Minahasa and Kotamadya Manado. The sample comprises 264 teachers of SMAN. Another result shows that there is no significant difference in the participation in decision making, work motivation and work productivity of male and female teachers.

  15. PROFESIONALISME GURU SD NEGERI SE-KECAMATAN WARUNGASEM KABUPATEN BATANG Suatu Tinjauan Aspek Persepsi Guru tentang Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah dan Motivasi Berprestasi Guru

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    Setyo Nugroho

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study were: to analyze the influence of teacher perceptions of principal leadership to teacher profesionlisme, 2 to analyze the influence of achievement motivation to teacher, and 3 to analyze the influence of teacher perceptions of principal leadership and teacher achievement motivation teacher profesionlisme Elementary School District as Batang Warungasem. The quantitative approach is used in this research with population consists of all elementary school teachers as Warungasem Batang district with the status of civil servants, amounting to 190 people. The Sample are 148 people. Data collection method in this study is conducted through a questionnaire. The validity and reliability instrument have been test and that result is significant on 5%. The results showed that: 1 the teachers’ perceptions of principal leadership have a positive and significant effect to the teacher professionalism at 5%, 2 the teachers achievement motivation have a positive and significant efect to the teacher professionalism at 5% and 3 the teacher perceptions of principal leadership and teacher achievement motivation have a positive and significant effect on teacher professionalism elementary School District as Warungasem Batang at 5% significance level.

  16. MODEL MISSOURI MATHEMATICS PROJECT TERPADU DENGAN TIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH DAN KEMANDIRIAN BELAJAR

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    Nailil Faroh

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPada kurikulum 2013 pelajaran TIK dihilangkan dan terintegrasi pada setiap matapelajaran.Ini menjadi tantangan bagi guru matematika supaya kompetensi TIK siswa tetap ditanamkan di sekolah meskipun pelajaran TIK telah dihilangkan.Skenario model MMPterpadu dengan TIK yaitu siswa diberi tugas terstrukturdengan memanfaatkan TIK pada setiap pertemuan.Tujuan penelitian ini adalahmenghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid, praktis, dan efektif. Penelitian inimerupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan menggunakan model Borg and Gall.Perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan adalah Silabus, RPP, Buku Siswa,LKS, dan TKPM.Cara pengambilan data dengan dokumen, angket, observasi,wawancara, dan tes. Pengolahan data uji efektifitas dengan uji ketuntasan, ujipengaruh, uji banding, dan uji peningkatan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan:perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan valid dengan skor rataan 4.14;perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan praktis karena respon positif  siswa83,10 % dan skor kemampuan guru mengelola kelas 4,26; pembelajaran matematikaefektif  karena rataan hasil TKPM kelas eksperimen 77,33 melebihi KKM = 70,rataan kelas ekperimen lebih tinggi daripada kelas kontrol, ada pengaruh positif kemandirian belajar dan keterampilan pemecahan masalah terhadap kemampuanpemecahan masalah sebesar 79%; serta terdapat peningkatan kemandirian,keterampilan pemecahan masalah, dan kemampuan pemecahan masalah.AbstractIn 2013 curriculum eliminated and integrated ICT lessons in each subject. It’s a challenge formathematics teachers ICT competencies that students stay in school despite the lessons instilledICT has removed.MMP Scenario models integrated with ICT that students are given structuredtasks with the use ICT at each meeting.The purpose this research to producemathematicallearningvalid, practical and effective. This research is development of  model Borg and Gall. Learning device was developed syllabus, lesson plans, Student Book, worksheets

  17. The Impact of Model and Rainfall Forcing Errors on Characterizing Soil Moisture Uncertainty in Land Surface Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggioni, V.; Anagnostou, E. N.; Reichle, R. H.

    2013-01-01

    The contribution of rainfall forcing errors relative to model (structural and parameter) uncertainty in the prediction of soil moisture is investigated by integrating the NASA Catchment Land Surface Model (CLSM), forced with hydro-meteorological data, in the Oklahoma region. Rainfall-forcing uncertainty is introduced using a stochastic error model that generates ensemble rainfall fields from satellite rainfall products. The ensemble satellite rain fields are propagated through CLSM to produce soil moisture ensembles. Errors in CLSM are modeled with two different approaches: either by perturbing model parameters (representing model parameter uncertainty) or by adding randomly generated noise (representing model structure and parameter uncertainty) to the model prognostic variables. Our findings highlight that the method currently used in the NASA GEOS-5 Land Data Assimilation System to perturb CLSM variables poorly describes the uncertainty in the predicted soil moisture, even when combined with rainfall model perturbations. On the other hand, by adding model parameter perturbations to rainfall forcing perturbations, a better characterization of uncertainty in soil moisture simulations is observed. Specifically, an analysis of the rank histograms shows that the most consistent ensemble of soil moisture is obtained by combining rainfall and model parameter perturbations. When rainfall forcing and model prognostic perturbations are added, the rank histogram shows a U-shape at the domain average scale, which corresponds to a lack of variability in the forecast ensemble. The more accurate estimation of the soil moisture prediction uncertainty obtained by combining rainfall and parameter perturbations is encouraging for the application of this approach in ensemble data assimilation systems.

  18. Equivalent sensor radiance generation and remote sensing from model parameters - Part 1: Equivalent sensor radiance formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wind, G.; da Silva, A. M.; Norris, P. M.; Platnick, S.

    2013-07-01

    In this paper we describe a general procedure for calculating equivalent sensor radiances from variables output from a global atmospheric forecast model. In order to take proper account of the discrepancies between model resolution and sensor footprint the algorithm takes explicit account of the model subgrid variability, in particular its description of the probability density function of total water (vapor and cloud condensate). The equivalent sensor radiances are then substituted into an operational remote sensing algorithm processing chain to produce a variety of remote sensing products that would normally be produced from actual sensor output. This output can then be used for a wide variety of purposes such as model parameter verification, remote sensing algorithm validation, testing of new retrieval methods and future sensor studies. We show a specific implementation using the GEOS-5 model, the MODIS instrument and the MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS) Data Collection 5.1 operational remote sensing cloud algorithm processing chain (including the cloud mask, cloud top properties and cloud optical and microphysical properties products). We focus on clouds and cloud/aerosol interactions, because they are very important to model development and improvement.

  19. Background Error Covariance Estimation Using Information from a Single Model Trajectory with Application to Ocean Data Assimilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian L.; Rienecker, Michele; Kovach, Robin M.; Vernieres, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    An attractive property of ensemble data assimilation methods is that they provide flow dependent background error covariance estimates which can be used to update fields of observed variables as well as fields of unobserved model variables. Two methods to estimate background error covariances are introduced which share the above property with ensemble data assimilation methods but do not involve the integration of multiple model trajectories. Instead, all the necessary covariance information is obtained from a single model integration. The Space Adaptive Forecast error Estimation (SAFE) algorithm estimates error covariances from the spatial distribution of model variables within a single state vector. The Flow Adaptive error Statistics from a Time series (FAST) method constructs an ensemble sampled from a moving window along a model trajectory.SAFE and FAST are applied to the assimilation of Argo temperature profiles into version 4.1 of the Modular Ocean Model (MOM4.1) coupled to the GEOS-5 atmospheric model and to the CICE sea ice model. The results are validated against unassimilated Argo salinity data. They show that SAFE and FAST are competitive with the ensemble optimal interpolation (EnOI) used by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) to produce its ocean analysis. Because of their reduced cost, SAFE and FAST hold promise for high-resolution data assimilation applications.

  20. Use of Machine Learning Techniques for Iidentification of Robust Teleconnections to East African Rainfall Variability in Observations and Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, J. Brent; Robertson, Franklin R.; Funk, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Providing advance warning of East African rainfall variations is a particular focus of several groups including those participating in the Famine Early Warming Systems Network. Both seasonal and long-term model projections of climate variability are being used to examine the societal impacts of hydrometeorological variability on seasonal to interannual and longer time scales. The NASA / USAID SERVIR project, which leverages satellite and modeling-based resources for environmental decision making in developing nations, is focusing on the evaluation of both seasonal and climate model projections to develop downscaled scenarios for using in impact modeling. The utility of these projections is reliant on the ability of current models to capture the embedded relationships between East African rainfall and evolving forcing within the coupled ocean-atmosphere-land climate system. Previous studies have posited relationships between variations in El Niño, the Walker circulation, Pacific decadal variability (PDV), and anthropogenic forcing. This study applies machine learning methods (e.g. clustering, probabilistic graphical model, nonlinear PCA) to observational datasets in an attempt to expose the importance of local and remote forcing mechanisms of East African rainfall variability. The ability of the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS5) coupled model to capture the associated relationships will be evaluated using Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) simulations.

  1. The GEOS Chemistry Climate Model: Implications of Climate Feedbacks on Ozone Depletion and Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolarski, Richard S.; Pawson, Steven; Douglass, Anne R.; Newman, Paul A.; Kawa, S. Randy; Nielsen, J. Eric; Rodriquez, Jose; Strahan, Susan; Oman, Luke; Waugh, Darryn

    2008-01-01

    The Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOS CCM) has been developed by combining the atmospheric chemistry and transport modules developed over the years at Goddard and the GEOS general circulation model, also developed at Goddard. The first version of the model was used in the CCMVal intercomparison exercises that contributed to the 2006 WMO/UNEP Ozone Assessment. The second version incorporates the updated version of the GCM (GEOS 5) and will be used for the next round of CCMVal evaluations and the 2010 Ozone Assessment. The third version, now under development, incorporates the combined stratosphere and troposphere chemistry package developed under the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI). We will show comparison to past observations that indicate that we represent the ozone trends over the past 30 years. We will also show the basic temperature, composition, and dynamical structure of the simulations. We will further show projections into the future. We will show results from an ensemble of transient and time-slice simulations, including simulations with fixed 1960 chlorine, simulations with a best guess scenario (Al), and simulations with extremely high chlorine loadings. We will discuss planned extensions of the model to include emission-based boundary conditions for both anthropogenic and biogenic compounds.

  2. LEARNING CYCLE-7E MODEL TO INCREASE STUDENT’S CRITICAL THINKING ON SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartono -

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh model pembelajaran Learning Cycle-7E  yang dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa dan menuntaskan hasil belajar siswa SMPN 21 Semarang terhadap matapelajaran IPA. Penelitian PTK ini dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Siklus pertama belum menunjukkan peningkatan yang maksimum. Aktivitas bertanya kepada guru, keseriusan melaksanakan tugas, dan persiapan dalam mengikuti pelajaran masih pada kategori sedang. Ketuntasan belajar secara individual dan klasikal belum memenuhi kriteria yang ditetapkan. Oleh sebab itu, aktivitas ini menjadi fokus perbaikan pada siklus berikutnya. Hasil pada siklus ke-dua menunjukkan peningkatan yang signifikan. Kemampuan berpikir kritis telah tumbuh, aktivitas bertanya pada guru dan keseriusan dalam melaksanakan tugas meningkat pada kategori tinggi. Ketuntasan belajar klasikal sebesar 79%, melebihi kriteria keberhasilan tindakan yang ditetapkan pada penelitian ini yaitu sebesar 75%. Hal ini berarti bahwa model pembelajaran Learning Cycle-7E dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa, tanpa mengganggu hasil belajar kognitifnya. This research aimed to increase the students’ critical thinking by designing Learning Cycle- 7E which is suitable with the criteria set out in SJHS 21 Semarang. Thisclassroom action research was carried out in two cycles. In cycle-I, the students’ critical thinking was growing but not maximum, their activity during learning process was in medium category. That is why there were several aspects of students’ activity that need to be investigated. They were the students’courage to ask the teacher, their seriousness to do the assignments, and their readiness to learn as well as to prepare a question prior learning. The students’ average cognitive learning outcomes and the classical learning outcomes were not very satisfied. The result of the cycle-II showed a significant improvements. The students

  3. Modelling

    CERN Document Server

    Spädtke, P

    2013-01-01

    Modeling of technical machines became a standard technique since computer became powerful enough to handle the amount of data relevant to the specific system. Simulation of an existing physical device requires the knowledge of all relevant quantities. Electric fields given by the surrounding boundary as well as magnetic fields caused by coils or permanent magnets have to be known. Internal sources for both fields are sometimes taken into account, such as space charge forces or the internal magnetic field of a moving bunch of charged particles. Used solver routines are briefly described and some bench-marking is shown to estimate necessary computing times for different problems. Different types of charged particle sources will be shown together with a suitable model to describe the physical model. Electron guns are covered as well as different ion sources (volume ion sources, laser ion sources, Penning ion sources, electron resonance ion sources, and H$^-$-sources) together with some remarks on beam transport.

  4. HEMCO v1.0: A Versatile, ESMF-Compliant Component for Calculating Emissions in Atmospheric Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, C. A.; Long, M. S.; Yantosca, R. M.; Da Silva, A. M.; Pawson, S.; Jacob, D. J.

    2014-01-01

    We describe the Harvard-NASA Emission Component version 1.0 (HEMCO), a stand-alone software component for computing emissions in global atmospheric models. HEMCO determines emissions from different sources, regions, and species on a user-defined grid and can combine, overlay, and update a set of data inventories and scale factors, as specified by the user through the HEMCO configuration file. New emission inventories at any spatial and temporal resolution are readily added to HEMCO and can be accessed by the user without any preprocessing of the data files or modification of the source code. Emissions that depend on dynamic source types and local environmental variables such as wind speed or surface temperature are calculated in separate HEMCO extensions. HEMCO is fully compliant with the Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) environment. It is highly portable and can be deployed in a new model environment with only few adjustments at the top-level interface. So far, we have implemented HEMCO in the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS-5) Earth system model (ESM) and in the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model (CTM). By providing a widely applicable framework for specifying constituent emissions, HEMCO is designed to ease sensitivity studies and model comparisons, as well as inverse modeling in which emissions are adjusted iteratively. The HEMCO code, extensions, and the full set of emissions data files used in GEOS-Chem are available at http: //wiki.geos-chem.org/HEMCO.

  5. Strateegiaguru Porter, klastriguru Porter, sponsorlusguru Porter. Peaaegu, et gurude guru!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Maailma juhtiva strateegiaguru, Harvard Business Schooli professori Michael Porteri seisukohtadest ja ideedest ettevõtete heategevuse, Interneti kui majandusharu ning klastrite kohta. Lisa: Michael Porter

  6. PENGETAHUAN KONTEN PEDAGOGI (PCK DAN URGENSINYA DALAM PENDIDIKAN GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs Widi Purwianingsih

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available A serius effort to reach students aspects of content, syntactically and substantively, will not be achieved without being accompanied by the knowledge of teaching strategies adopted appropriate by the teachers. Teachers should understand and be able to integrate content knowledge into knowledge about the curriculum, learning, and especially students. Such knowledge is expressed as Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK. To identify and assess developments of their PCK, a teacher needs a rich conceptual understanding as well as integrate with expertise in using teaching procedures, strategies and approaches, to be implemented in the classroom. PCK is considered as a strategic answer for transforming of content/subject matter into a form of presentation in the classroom. Because of PCK is one of the main components in teaching, to produce qualified teachers, equip ability PCK becomes a crucial thing to be done by the teacher-producing institutions. This is due to the PCK is important in improving teaching and learning process which aims to provide [a] better understanding of students. PCK is as important as knowledge about subject matter which is used as the subject of any learning process. Without PCK, the process of transformation of a subject matter in the effort to construct students' knowledge, will not take place very well. Keywords: pedagogical content knowledge (PCK, learning, content knowledge, teaching and learning process.

  7. METODE PEMBELAJARAN ENTREPRENEURSHIP UNTUK GURU SMK DI KABUPATEN LAMONGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Sudarsih

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is about a training of learning method for teachers, especially who teaches the subject of entrepreneurship in Senior High School. The target of the study is Vocational High School teachers in Lamongan. Some crucial problems that are faced by the most of educational institution are teachers’ low ability in finding references for students’ problem solutions. Their leakage of creativity and innovation will cause a lower level of students’ readiness to enter job fields after graduation. The goal of the study is to increase human resource quality in mastering learning methods that possible to be applied in entrepreneurship teaching-learning activities. By using an appropriate method, it is expected that it will improve teachers’ ability in finding references, developing creativity and innovations. Therefore, teachers enjoy teaching entrepreneurship subject with better spirits and students’ entrepreneurship spirit will also developed earlier.

  8. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN MUTU SUMBERDAYA GURU MISS PUTRI SUKOREJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Abdullah

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The success in the development of national education sector needs to be supported by the various components and elements that exist in the education system. One of the most important elements in the education system is the availability of qualified human resources. Organizationally, the factor of human resources has a strategically important position in addition to other educational factors. This study, focused on the development strategy of the quality of teacher resources, using a qualitative approach. This study, focused on the development strategy of the quality of teacher resources, using a qualitative approach. The efforts and strategic steps MISS Putri Sukorejo in the development of quality resource teachers are as follows: a Making the Vision, Mission and Objectives MISS Putri Sukorejo as target quality development resource teacher, b Build teacher commitment, c Building a Discipline, d Meet the Teachers' Welfare, e Changing Mindsets teacher / positive  Character Building. Based on some analysis that we can know that the shape and development of quality resource strategy techniques MISS Putri Sukorejo teacher may be classified typology academy is a strategy used by attempting to develop "buy" and "make". Terms in this study as quality development resource teacher who performed "kaffah".

  9. MERANCANG TEKNIK PENILAIAN BERBASIS KELAS: Kasus Guru Fiqih Tsanawiyah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asis Saepuddin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Previously, the teachers of fiqh at Madrasah Tsanawiyah still have the difficulties in correctly measuring the competence and student learning outcomes. It means, the validity of the result of teacher assessments is still in doubt. It’s caused the lack of knowledge and variation in assessing their learning outcomes. The teacher of Madrasah Tsanawiyah on average are not familiar with classroom-based assessment techniques that have not mastered the basic techniques required in the assessment of classroom-based assessment techniques, such as product assessment, portfolio, project, performance, attitude and personal assessment. This paper aims to introduce a class-based assessment techniques and then describe of fiqh teacher competency in designing classroom-based assessment techniques. This research uses qualitative-descriptive method, where instruments for data collection are observation/observation sheets and test. The results of data processing indicates that after receiving the learning materials about classroom assessment techniques, which include product assessment techniques, portfolios, projects, performance, attitude and self-assessment, the competence of fiqh teachers in designing classroom-based assessment techniques is considered at the average level.

  10. PENYEBAB KECEMASAN MATEMATIKA MAHASISWA CALON GURU ASAL PAPUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberta Parinters Makur

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE An increasing number of Papuans qualified teachers realized by sending young people from Papua to continue their education in the College of Education. But the basic capabilities, especially mathematics, which owned high school students graduated from Papua that continuing education is very low. This, presumably because the students have math anxiety, thus preventing them from material master mathematics. By using a qualitative research approach, particularly the case study method, this research describes what factors are the cause of math anxiety prospective teacher students from Papua, based on the results of questionnaires and interviews that have been analyzed.

  11. Lapsesuu või PR-guru? / Airi Ilisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilisson, Airi, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Justiitsminister Rein Lang on autori hinnangul tuntud oma ootamatute arvamustega. CV. Vt. samas: Skandaal: Kuidas Lang politseid ja allilma seostades tormi tekitas. Kommenteerivad: Hans H. Luik, Hannes Astok, Laine Jänes, Rein Kilk ja Ulvi Kuusk

  12. Kepemimpinan dan Peranannya dalam Meningkatkan Kompetensi Guru di Madrasah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Baharun

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the efforts to increase the competence of teachers through a system of principal leadership. Leadership is an attempt to influence others to do the activity in order to achieve a common goal. Leadership has a strategic role in determining whether or not an organization forward. As supreme leader, the principal has a duty and a vital role in improving the quality of human resources in it. In order to realize the quality of human resources professionals, principals must have the appropriate strategy; educational supervision, education and training, provision of motivation continue, changes in work culture, so that teacher competence as a basic element of education can be realized. The competencies include; pedagogical competence, personal competence, social competence and professional competence.

  13. MAKNA GURU DALAM KONSEP TA’LIM, TARBIYYAH DAN TAZKIYYAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wawan Setiawan

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper intends to analyze concepts associated to the duties and functions of a teacher such as, tarbiyyah, and tazkiyyah in al-Quran based on philosophical and pedagogical. There are a number of new challenges to interpret these concepts in order contextual with the demands and needs of the times. The results showed that the study groups is not just imparting knowledge and skills, but also emphasize the empowering sense. Empowering mind will enable students to develop skills in solving everyday problems. Empowering mind can deliver students aware of God's wisdom. Orientation tarbiyyah intends to develop the potential of physical, psychological, and affective concerns such as moods, feelings, self-image, motivation, mental toughness as a characteristic ribbiyyûn. Tazkiyyah aims to develop heart as a place of faith, and avoiding polytheism. The activity was done by planting a religious duty to practice the habit of the practice of worship with the appreciation will be God's wisdom.

  14. PROBLEMATIKA GURU DAN DOSEN DALAM SISTEM PENDIDIKAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahur Rohman

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights educator problem in education system in Indonesia. The discussion focuses on general education and religious education. Educators of non-religious education are product of education and institute of teacher training and education (IKIP which teach general science, meanwhile educators of religious education are product of Islamic Higher Education (PTKI which teach religious knowledge. This study aims to analyze books, rules, researches, and news about teacher. To sum up, the educator problems include: poor quality teacher and low teacher salaries that are caused by some factors, government policy that is not implemented well, teacher training institution (LPTK that are not able to produce a professional teacher حاولت هذه المقالة دراسة مشاكل المربّين في ضوء النظام التربوي الإندونيسي. ورُكّزت الدراسة في التربية العامة والتربية الدينية. كان المعلّم في التربية العامة خرّيج المعهد العالي للمعلّمين والعلوم التربوية  IKIP  ثمّ تغيّر كثير منها إلى الجامعات التي تدرّس العلوم التجريبية والكونية . أما معلموا العلوم الدينية فخِرّيجوا الجامعات الإسلامية التي تدرّس العلوم الإسلامية. كُتبت هذه الدراسة عن طريق تحليل الكتب، والقوانين، والبحوث العلمية، والأخبار عن المعلّمين. استخلصت الدراسة النتائج التالية : نوعية المدرسين ورفاهية حياتهم ضعيفتان. وهذه نتيجة من أن قرارات الحكومة التي لم تطبّق جيدا، والمؤسسات التربوية العالية  LPTK لم تكن فعّالة في انتاج المعلّمين

  15. Tips Menjadi Guru yang Bersinar pada Masa Depan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Said Husin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a number of simple educational ideas promoted to enhance some core competences of a Madrasah teacher which can be reached by two terms of strategies : short term and long term strategies. The short term covers five aspects. The first aspect which is defined as fundamental discusses the way how a Madrasah teacher perceives his/her teaching profession, colleagues, students, and issues on education. Having able to rethink these domains will lead him or her know his or her positive and negative sides. Such understanding of both sides should force him/her to have a strong commitment to enrich the positive side, on one hand, and to diminish the negative one, on the other hand. Then, a Madrasah teacher needs to reflect this commitment in his or her individual competence to carry on learning and improving his or her technical capacity in instruction. This may be one of the corner stones to develop himself or herself to be able to implement the assignment responsibly. The capacity as a professional teacher may also bring him or her to be well-informed figure whom people around him or her will become to be enlightened. Next, this professional teacher should not also set up in one or more comfort zones, such as typical system and culture of organization, which make him or her enjoy the life as it is, he or she is required to open his or her mind to look for new, more and other challenging comfort zones in accordance with his or her future career. After that, he or she should consider and internalize wisely ethical values which are called as Islamic professional ethics as his or her spirit to carry out his or her job. Finally, this distinguished post should listen to his or her deepest voice of heart as well. These voices are about to put as his or her inspiring component to be acted as effective as possible. The long term strategy, however, merely emphasizes on one single aspect, that is the importance of educational and training services. Once a madrasah teacher has a paralleled background of study he or she may already have one valuable point. His or her other capacity will be easily explored and served through a series of appropriate trainings. The trainings are academically considered to be an additional mean for his or her outshined career.

  16. Upaya Kepala Sekolah dalam Meningkatkan Kompetensi Guru PAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samsul Hadi

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The demand of the quality of educational system is increasing along with the development of Indonesian social condition. It cannot be separated with the figure of teacher as the educator. The high demand itself has strong impacts toward some actions taken by the headmaster of SMK Kesehatan Bakti Indonesia Medika Ngawi in order to upgrade the teacher’s professionalisms. This study uses data collection method as follows: a deep interview, b participants observation, and c documents analysis. Then the collected data through these three methodologies are organized, interpreted, and analyzed deeper to arrange concept and abstraction of the finding result. In the case of the headmaster’s leadership efforts in the managerial aspects to increase the professionalism of the teachers, the writer found some plans of action done by the headmasters for example: conducting workshop and supervision programs, optimizing teachers’ discussion forums (MGMP, and organizing family recreation for fun. For the realization, those plan of action are successfully conducted. The conclusions of the study are: a examined from the academic qualification, the level of teacher professionalisms in SMK Kesehatan Bakti Indonesia Medika Ngawi are less appropriate since there are still 3.08% of teachers have diploma degree. b From the class implementation according to the headmaster’s supervisions there are some teachers that do not apply the standard sets of teaching equipments in their class implementations. More specific, the teachers do not really care about the student’s preparation of learning process; sometimes they do not give some apperception in the beginning of class, the teaching method that are still monotone, they have not apply the teaching media yet, and there are no reflection and follow up toward these conditions.

  17. Peranan Kepalasekolah Sebagai Supervisor Dalam Kematangan Profesional Guru

    OpenAIRE

    Yuliana, Lia

    2007-01-01

    Teecher is an important component because teacher determines the quality of education so that education and the teacher guidance in all level of education both inside and outside need to be increased and held completely to create a high quality teacher. Besides that, that professional maturity of teacher need to increased continuously. The propessional maturity of teacher is the ability of teacher who has a high responsibility in her/his job. By educational activity, teaching and learning pro...

  18. TINDAK TUTUR DIREKTIF GURU DALAM WACANA INTERAKSI KELAS ANAK TUNARUNGU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardianto Ardianto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe forms, functions, and strategies of the teacher’s directive speech acts in the discourse of deaf children’s classroom interaction. It employed the qualitative approach. The data were naturalistic in nature, collected from communication occurring in classroom interaction. The findings are as follows. First, the forms include declarative, interrogative, and imperative ones. Second, the functions comprise commands, requests, prohibitions, permissions, suggestions, expectations, invitations, warnings, and elicitations. Third, the strategies consist of direct and indirect ones. The realization of the forms, functions, and strategies of the teacher’s directive speech acts is based on a variety of contexts underlying classroom conversation discourse.

  19. PENGEMBANGAN ASESMEN METAKOGNISI CALON GURU IPA MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggun Zuhaida

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop a metacognition assessment for students of IPA teacher candidates through problem-based learning. Subjects tested in this study were 30 students in the Department Tadris IPA IAIN Salatiga using one group pretest-posttest design. Assessment isdeveloped based on metacognition indicators including an essay test assessment, performance assessment, assessment of attitudes and self assessment. The result of essay test indicates an increase in the ability of metacognition in general by the N-gain of 0.5 (medium category where as performances and attitudes assessment lie in the good and excellent categories, while the self-assessment shows improvement results with N-gain of 0:45 (medium category. Overall, problem-based learning enhances the skills of metacognition that is "evaluation" on students of IPA teacher candidates.

  20. Need Assessment Pengembangan Keprofesionalan Berkelanjutan Guru Smk Teknik Audio Video

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djoko Santoso

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of the study were to (1 analyse the competence of Audio Video Engineering teachers of Vocational High Schools in Yogyakarta, Sleman and Kulonprogro; (2 assess the teachers’ continuing professional development (CPD needs and (3 identify CPD programmes to accomodate the needs. The study employed a survey approach. The results of this study revealed the following: (1 the teachers’ competence in good, fair, and poor categories were 43.33%, 40%, and 16.67% respectively, thus it is crucial for the stakeholders to promote CPD ; (2 the teachers’ CPD needs in very good, good, and fair categories were 36.67%, 36.67%, and 26.66% respectively. It should be the basis for the stakeholders in planning the CPD programmes, since the teachers were planning to initiate their professional development; and (3 the CPD programmes prioritized by the teachers were training, internet-based learning, collaborative works with relevant universities, and self- development in terms of professional competencies.

  1. Manajemen Mutu Guru (Implementasi Undang-undang, Peraturan dan Kebijakan

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    Dwi Surya Atmaja

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Through ASEAN Summits 1997 – 2007, leaders of ASEAN countries have achieved the agreement to establish AEC (Asean Economic Community in the end of 2015, providing the ability to pursue the ASEAN vision 2025. By means of regional and then global free trade to come, the welfare of 660 millions people in ASEAN countries regarding those leaders. The question is what should be done by each member? In terms of free market, common quality standard comes in the first place. Consequently, terminologies such as accreditation and certification are among words which teachers pay a lot of attention. These two words are not only about quality standard they have to achieved but also result in their take home payment. This article aims to explain te rationale of “Quality Standard” as a must programme in free market era, regionally and globally.

  2. Teknik Komunikasi Guru Dan Siswa Dalam Peningkatan Prestasi Siswa

    OpenAIRE

    Nasor, M

    2014-01-01

    Communicating is the foundation of education.Without communication, ideas, directions, andthoughts are lost or misunderstood. Students may notunderstand teaching material, educators may notunderstand directions given to them, and teachers maynot understand that a gap in communication isforming. So teacher student communication plays abig part in the success of classroom interaction.According to Cooper, effective teachers shoulddemonstrate competencies in sending and receivingmessages that giv...

  3. Pengembangan Kompetensi Guru Sekolah Dasar melalui Penelitian Tindakan Kelas

    OpenAIRE

    Bustari, Meilina

    2009-01-01

    A good education needs professional teachers. Professional teachers needs professional development programs. A professional development program that can be done by teachers is doing Classroom Action Research. Classroom action research is a practical research by teachers in class for improving instructional quality through planning, implementing, observing. and reflecting activities. All activities in classroom action research will improve teacher competencies. Successful implementatio...

  4. Vedic mathematics and the calculations of Guru Tirthaji

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hogendijk, J.P.

    2004-01-01

    This article was written as a reaction to several publications in the Netherlands on methods of mental calculation, which have been presented as “Vedic mathematics.” The adjective “Vedic” suggests that these methods date back to the ancient Vedic period before 500 BCE.1 In this article I will first

  5. Revitalisasi Kinerja Guru PAI Dalam Bidang Ekstrakurikuler Di Era Globalisasi

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    Siti Makhmudah

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned the whole circle. Seeing the reality demands of modern times, that in an increasingly complex world of education requires improvement in the arrangement and to organize the necessary personal intelegent capable and responsive. Teacher performance is always in the spotlight because of the challenges facing increasingly complex. With the background of this problem, researchers interested in assessing and dig deeper into how the figure of a teacher, especially PAI teacher performance. The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned the whole circle. Due to the problems experienced by the Islamic religious education teachers or educational institutions today increasingly converging. The problems that are studied include: a the process of teaching and learning in class b Extracurricular activities c Creation of a religious atmosphere in the school environment. The problem is interesting to study the researcher perspective, as any good instituted in school/madrasah. A teacher in the eyes of the public in the code of ethics of teachers, or in view of religion is a complicated problem that is not discussed much less exhausted in this globalization era.

  6. REVITALISASI KINERJA GURU PAI DALAM BIDANG EKSTRAKURIKULER DI ERA GLOBALISASI

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    Siti Mahkmudah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned  the whole circle. Seeing the reality demands of modern times, that in an increasingly complex world of education requires improvement in the arrangement and to organize the necessary personal intelegent capable and responsive.Teacher performance is always in the spotlight because of the challenges facing increasingly complex. With the background of this problem, researchers interested in assessing and dig deeper into how the figure of a teacher, especially PAI teacher performance. The teaching profession is still much discussed and questioned the whole circle. Due to the problems experienced by the Islamic religious education teachers or educational institutions today increasinglyconverging.The problems that are studied include: a the process of teaching and learning in class b Extracurricular activities c Creation of a religious atmosphere in the school environment. The problem is interesting to study the researcher perspective, as any good instituted in school / madrasah. A teacher in the eyes of the public in the code of ethics of teachers, or in view of religion is a complicated problem that is not discussed much less exhausted in this globalization era.   Key Words  : Revitalisation, Performance, Religion Teacher, Globalization.

  7. Wibi Soerjadi, e-business guru avant la lettre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    drs. Frans van den Reep

    2011-01-01

    1e alinea column: Heb je ook die ervaring dat je vaak pas achteraf snapt wat je van iemand of van een gebeurtenis geleerd hebt. Zo'n ervaren met 'ongezocht leren' had ik ook met de pianist Wibi Soerjadi halverwege de jaren '90. Hij was toen 'hot', met zijn Bösi en zijn solo-recital in Carnegie Hall.

  8. Analisis pengelolaan peralatan praktikum fisika kelas XI SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Yogyakarta menggunakan model countenance stake

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    Hanin Fathan Nurfina Istiqomah

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ketersediaan dan pengelolaan peralatan praktikum serta mengetahui hasil dari pengelolaan dan penggunaan peralatan praktikum fisika kelas XI di laboratorium fisika SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian evalusi model countenance stake. Subjek penelitian meliputi penanggungjawab laboratorium fisika, guru, laboran, dan siswa kelas XI MIA SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Yogyakarta. Penelitian dilakukan pada akhir pelaksanaan praktikum pada semester genap tahun pelajaran 2015-2016. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara terstruktur, pengamatan (observasi, angket, dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketersediaan peralatan praktikum (masukan [antecedents] yang terdiri dari sarana, prasarana dan alat praktikum tersedia sangat baik dengan persentase sebesar 78,16%. Pengelolaan laboratorium fisika (proses [transaction] yang terdiri dari persiapan pelaksanaan praktikum; kesiapan siswa, guru, laboran; dan pelaksanaan praktikum mendapatkan hasil sangat baik dengan persentase sebesar 81,78%. Hasil yang diperoleh (outcomes dari ketersediaan dan pengelolaan peralatan praktikum di laboratorium fisika termasuk kategori baik (B+ dengan pencapaian Kriteria Ketuntasan Minimal (KKM 100% dari total 233 siswa kelas XI MIA (Matematika dan Ilmu Alam dan beberapa siswa berhasil meraih juara 1 Olimpiade Fisika. This research is aimed to know the availability, management of the laboratory equipment’s and also the result of maintaining and using physics laboratory equipment’s in 11th class of MIA SMA 1 Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. And this evaluation research used “countenance stake” approach, hence, such as the objects of it is the physics laboratory care taker, teachers, laboratory assistant, and the students. This research was conducted in the last meeting of practicum on last semester 2015-2016 periods. The data was assembled by interview, observation, questionnaire and documentation. The result of this

  9. Multi-sensor cloud retrieval simulator and remote sensing from model parameters - Part 1: Synthetic sensor radiance formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wind, G.; da Silva, A. M.; Norris, P. M.; Platnick, S.

    2013-11-01

    In this paper we describe a general procedure for calculating synthetic sensor radiances from variable output from a global atmospheric forecast model. In order to take proper account of the discrepancies between model resolution and sensor footprint, the algorithm takes explicit account of the model subgrid variability, in particular its description of the probability density function of total water (vapor and cloud condensate.) The simulated sensor radiances are then substituted into an operational remote sensing algorithm processing chain to produce a variety of remote sensing products that would normally be produced from actual sensor output. This output can then be used for a wide variety of purposes such as model parameter verification, remote sensing algorithm validation, testing of new retrieval methods and future sensor studies. We show a specific implementation using the GEOS-5 model, the MODIS instrument and the MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS) Data Collection 5.1 operational remote sensing cloud algorithm processing chain (including the cloud mask, cloud top properties and cloud optical and microphysical properties products). We focus on clouds because they are very important to model development and improvement.

  10. Inferring Land Surface Model Parameters for the Assimilation of Satellite-Based L-Band Brightness Temperature Observations into a Soil Moisture Analysis System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichle, Rolf H.; De Lannoy, Gabrielle J. M.

    2012-01-01

    The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite mission provides global measurements of L-band brightness temperatures at horizontal and vertical polarization and a variety of incidence angles that are sensitive to moisture and temperature conditions in the top few centimeters of the soil. These L-band observations can therefore be assimilated into a land surface model to obtain surface and root zone soil moisture estimates. As part of the observation operator, such an assimilation system requires a radiative transfer model (RTM) that converts geophysical fields (including soil moisture and soil temperature) into modeled L-band brightness temperatures. At the global scale, the RTM parameters and the climatological soil moisture conditions are still poorly known. Using look-up tables from the literature to estimate the RTM parameters usually results in modeled L-band brightness temperatures that are strongly biased against the SMOS observations, with biases varying regionally and seasonally. Such biases must be addressed within the land data assimilation system. In this presentation, the estimation of the RTM parameters is discussed for the NASA GEOS-5 land data assimilation system, which is based on the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) and the Catchment land surface model. In the GEOS-5 land data assimilation system, soil moisture and brightness temperature biases are addressed in three stages. First, the global soil properties and soil hydraulic parameters that are used in the Catchment model were revised to minimize the bias in the modeled soil moisture, as verified against available in situ soil moisture measurements. Second, key parameters of the "tau-omega" RTM were calibrated prior to data assimilation using an objective function that minimizes the climatological differences between the modeled L-band brightness temperatures and the corresponding SMOS observations. Calibrated parameters include soil roughness parameters, vegetation structure parameters

  11. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ORGANIK TERINTEGRASI DENGAN KEMAMPUAN GENERIK SAINS

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    Sudarmin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Learning Models of Organic Chemistry Subject Integrated with Science Generic Skills. The aim of the study is to investigate how Organic Chemistry and Generic Science Skills Teaching Model can be developed for prospective chemistry teachers. This research and development study involves 79 stu­dents of Chemistry Education Department of Sema­rang State University. The data are collected using a test of organic chemistry concepts and generic science skills, a questionnaire, and an observation sheet and then analyzed using N-gain test. The result shows that the OCGSSM teaching model improves the pro­spective chemistry teachers' generic science skills in high and medium category. The high achieving stu­dent group has better comprehension of generic skills in logical consistency, observation, abstraction, symbolic language, sense of scale, and logical frame aspects than low achieving student group. Abstrak: Model Pembelajaran Kimia Organik Terintegrasi Kemampuan Generik Sains. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model pembelajaran kimia organik terintegrasi kemampuan generik sains. Penelitian dan pengembangan melibatkan 79 mahasiswa Pendidikan Kimia Jurusan Kimia Universitas Negeri Semarang. Data dikumpulkan dengan tes penguasaan konsep kimia organik terintegrasi kemam­puan generik sains, angket, dan lembar observasi, dan dianalisis dengan uji N-gain. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa penerapan MPKOKG meningkatkan penguasaan kemampuan generik sains calon guru kimia dengan taraf pencapaian tinggi dan sedang. Mahasiswa kelompok prestasi tinggi memiliki penguasaan kemam­puan generik sains konsistensi logis, pengamatan, abstraksi, bahasa simbolik, kesadaran tentang skala serta logical frame lebih baik dibandingkan kelompok prestasi rendah.

  12. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ORGANIK TERINTEGRASI DENGAN KEMAMPUAN GENERIK SAINS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Sudarmin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Learning Models of Organic Chemistry Subject Integrated with Science Generic Skills. The aim of the study is to investigate how Organic Chemistry and Generic Science Skills Teaching Model can be developed for prospective chemistry teachers. This research and development study involves 79 stu­dents of Chemistry Education Department of Sema­rang State University. The data are collected using a test of organic chemistry concepts and generic science skills, a questionnaire, and an observation sheet and then analyzed using N-gain test. The result shows that the OCGSSM teaching model improves the pro­spective chemistry teachers' generic science skills in high and medium category. The high achieving stu­dent group has better comprehension of generic skills in logical consistency, observation, abstraction, symbolic language, sense of scale, and logical frame aspects than low achieving student group. Abstrak: Model Pembelajaran Kimia Organik Terintegrasi Kemampuan Generik Sains. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model pembelajaran kimia organik terintegrasi kemampuan generik sains. Penelitian dan pengembangan melibatkan 79 mahasiswa Pendidikan Kimia Jurusan Kimia Universitas Negeri Semarang. Data dikumpulkan dengan tes penguasaan konsep kimia organik terintegrasi kemam­puan generik sains, angket, dan lembar observasi, dan dianalisis dengan uji N-gain. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa penerapan MPKOKG meningkatkan penguasaan kemampuan generik sains calon guru kimia dengan taraf pencapaian tinggi dan sedang. Mahasiswa kelompok prestasi tinggi memiliki penguasaan kemam­puan generik sains konsistensi logis, pengamatan, abstraksi, bahasa simbolik, kesadaran tentang skala serta logical frame lebih baik dibandingkan kelompok prestasi rendah.

  13. Pengaruh Kompetensi Guru Pembimbing, Iklim Organisasi, Dan Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Terhadap Kinerja Guru Pembimbing Pada SMA Se-Kota Cimahi

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    Dedi Hadian

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Tutor is one important element in sustainability education. Teacher mentors participate in the formation of the personality of students. In this case foster students to be more optimal. In providing guidance and counseling services to students, teachers, counselors do not work alone but in coordination with the various parties that exist in the environment, whether it is internal, namely the teachers and principals, but also with external parties, such as parents, school committees, community, as well as other experts. A guidance counselor who has competence in the field of course will implement guidance and counseling services in accordance with the guidelines for the implementation of guidance and counseling, supported by other elements in the learning process. If all such cooperation to work effectively, the performance of a tutor in conducting guidance and konselingpun will run effectively.               Above phenomena researchers wanted to uncover the influence of teacher competence, organizational climate, and school leadership on the performance of a tutor at SMA derby Cimahi. This study uses a quantitative approach and descriptive correlational method.               The conclusion that the competence of counselors at high schools in the town of Cimahi is in either category. Organizational climate at high schools in the town of Cimahi is in either category. Leadership principals in high schools in the city are in the category of good Cimahi. And performance in high school guidance counselor State Cimahi also the very good category. In addition there is the influence of the supervising teacher competence, oorganisasi climate, and school leadership on the performance of a tutor at 68.1%.From the research results can be recommended for schools to be able to maintain and improve the competence of a tutor can be improved further, more conducive organizational climate and school leadership are more effective. Where schools have always provided an opportunity and provide encouragement and facilitate the tutor to develop the potential of both the education and training.

  14. REFLEKSI PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM TUGAS GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA BUDDHA MELALUI PEMBINA AGAMA (GURU TIDAK TETAP DI WONOGIRI

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    Hesti Sadtyadi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the implementation of the learning is done by people who become temporary teachers Buddhist education in an effort to meet the needs of the number of teachers who have not been fulfilled, the task execution, knowing temporary teachers in carrying out his duties as a teacher of Buddhist education. This research is a mix research. The result of research, indicate that the implementation of the learning undertaken by temporary teachers of Buddhist education in an effort to meet the needs of the teacher is the optimal number, and All teachers have done their job well, with components that should receive special attention is in the use of media and or learning strategies. If the evaluation is done thoroughly in the process of learning plans then seen the incomplete learning plan performed as in the case of making worksheets, clarity sources, lack of subject content validity, and if it is seen only in the process of learning plans in particular RPP (Learning Implementation Plan, specifically on learning plan in the classroom, regardless of other aspects resulting deficiencies in the methods and learning strategies are used.

  15. Analisa Kebijakan PAI di Indonesia (Dampak UU Nomor 14 Tahun 2005 Tentang Guru dan Dosen Bagi Guru Madrasah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunarto Sunarto

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Law No. 14 The year 2005 on Teachers and Lecturers stated that. Teachers are professional educators with the primary task of educating, teaching, guiding, directing, train, assess, and evaluate students in early childhood education, formal education, primary education and secondary education. Professional teachers should have academic qualifications, competence, teaching certificate, physically and mentally healthy, and have the ability to achieve national education goals. This requires the setting of the position of teachers and lecturers as professionals, It should also be noted the efforts to maximize the function and the strategic role of teachers and lecturers who uphold the rights and obligations of teachers and lecturers as professionals, coaching and professional development of teachers and lecturers, legal protection, the protection of the profession, as well as workplace health and safety Perlindungan. Thus was born the law no. 14 of 2005 on teachers and lecturers. In connection with it in this paper will discuss the analysis of the impact of law no. 14 of 2005 on teachers and lecturers for madrassa teachers.

  16. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN MOTIVASI KERJA GURU TERHADAP PROFESIONALISME GURU SMK BISMEN DI KOTA TEGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beni Habibi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The teacher professionalism reflects the teacher's ability and performance in carrying out the duties to achieve education goals. In fact, there are many factors which influence the teacher professionalism. The objective of the study is to analyze the influence o       f the rincipal`s managerial competence, work motivation, and those  both variables toward teacher professionalism. It was a non-experimental quantitative approach. The population of the study was 172 teachers at Business and Management Vocational High Schools at Tegal city. The samples were taken by Krejcei table to get 114 teachers as the samples. Data were collected by questionnaire.  The results of the research showed that the principal’s managerial competence was good and significant, the influence of work motivation toward teacher professionalism was in good and significant category. Then, the influence of those both variables toward teacher professionalism was up to 47.8%. The regression analysis showed that: there was a positive and significant influence of the principal’s managerial competence toward teacher professionalism for 17.7%, work motivation gave positive and significant influence on teacher professionalism with the coefficient of determination was 46.8%. Furthermore; the results of multiple regression analysis showed that the influence of both variables simultaneously influenced teacher professionalism with the coefficient of determination was 47.8%.

  17. PENGARUH MOTIVASI DAN KOMPETENSI GURU TERHADAP KINERJA GURU SEKOLAH DAN MADRASAH DI LINGKUNGAN PONDOK PESANTREN SALAFIYAH SYAFI’IYAH SUKOREJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh. Hafid

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This research was carried out at schools in Salafiyah Syafi’iyah Boarding School Situbondo with the population of 648 teachers, while the sample of 87 teachers used in this study. This research is a quantitative research, using multiple regression approach by SPSS 16 for windows. The results of this study are (1 Effect of teacher motivation (X1 on teacher performance (Y obtained Fcalculate 4.906 and sig. (p 0.029. That p value less than significance value a = 0,05 on the degree of freedom (df = N – 2 = 87 – 2 = 85, table value on p value 95% (5% significance is 1,697; (2 Effect of teacher competency (X2 on teacher performance (Y obtained Fcalculate 1,118 and sig. (p 0.000. Based on the probability value of X1 : p = 0,000 because of p < 0.05 so that Ho is rejected. It means that teacher motivation is affect on teacher performance. Based on the probability value of X2 : p = 0,032 because of p <0.05 so that Ho is rejected. This also means that teacher competency is affect on teacher performance.

  18. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN GROUP INVESTIGATION (GI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA POKOK BAHASAN MENGELOLA KOMPETENSI PERSONAL DI SMK NEGERI 1 KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nela Veristika

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Peran aktif siswa pada pembelajaran adalah hal yang penting agar hasil belajar tercapai dengan optimal. Dari data awal yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa di kelas X Pemasaran 3� ada 20 siswa (56% dari 36 siswa yang belum tuntas pada nilai menerapkan prinsip profesional kerja. �Dari hasil observasi yang dilakukan dalam pembelajaran menerapkan prinsip profesional kerja di SMK Negeri 1 Kudus hasil tersebut belum optimal karena perhatian siswa kurang, partisipasi anak kurang menyeluruh, saat pembelajaran berlangsung guru masih menggunakan model konvensional (ceramah dimana pembelajaran didominasi oleh guru sehingga siswa tidak tertarik. Hal ini menyebabkan keaktifan siswa kurang dan berdampak pada hasil belajar siswa yang rendah. Dengan adanya kondisi tersebut guru diharapkan dapat menggunakan metode pembelajaran yang tepat sehingga siswa terlibat aktif dalam proses belajar-mengajar dan tujuan pembelajaran dapat tercapai. Hasil baik pada siklus I, siklus II maupun siklus III terlihat bahwa nilai rata-rata hasil belajar kognitif siswa meningkat yaitu dari data awal yaitu sebesar 71 menjadi 74 pada siklus I, 75 pada siklus II dan 82 pada siklus III. �Sedangkan untuk ketuntasan klasikal mengalami peningkatan dari data awal sebesar 44% menjadi 59% pada siklus I, 74% pada siklus II dan 88% pada siklus III. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif Group Investigation (GI lebih efektif dibandingkan dengan model pembelajaran konvensional (ceramah. The students active role in learning process is important in order to achieve optimal learning output. From beginning data which is gotten indicate that in the X grade of Marketing 3, there were 20 students (55% of the 36 students who have failed in the value of applying the professional working principle. The results of the study of applying the professional working principle in the SMK Negeri 1 Kudus are not optimal because of

  19. Representations of the Stratospheric Polar Vortices in Versions 1 and 2 of the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry-Climate Model (GEOS CCM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawson, S.; Stolarski, R.S.; Nielsen, J.E.; Perlwitz, J.; Oman, L.; Waugh, D.

    2009-01-01

    This study will document the behavior of the polar vortices in two versions of the GEOS CCM. Both versions of the model include the same stratospheric chemistry, They differ in the underlying circulation model. Version 1 of the GEOS CCM is based on the Goddard Earth Observing System, Version 4, general circulation model which includes the finite-volume (Lin-Rood) dynamical core and physical parameterizations from Community Climate Model, Version 3. GEOS CCM Version 2 is based on the GEOS-5 GCM that includes a different tropospheric physics package. Baseline simulations of both models, performed at two-degree spatial resolution, show some improvements in Version 2, but also some degradation, In the Antarctic, both models show an over-persistent stratospheric polar vortex with late breakdown, but the year-to-year variations that are overestimated in Version I are more realistic in Version 2. The implications of this for the interactions with tropospheric climate, the Southern Annular Mode, will be discussed. In the Arctic both model versions show a dominant dynamically forced variabi;ity, but Version 2 has a persistent warm bias in the low stratosphere and there are seasonal differences in the simulations. These differences will be quantified in terms of climate change and ozone loss. Impacts of model resolution, using simulations at one-degree and half-degree, and changes in physical parameterizations (especially the gravity wave drag) will be discussed.

  20. Performance of Versions 1,2 and 3 of the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Chemistry-Climate Model (CCM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawson, Steven; Stolarski, Richard S.; Nielsen, J. Eric; Duncan, Bryan N.

    2008-01-01

    Version 1 of the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry-Climate Model (GEOS CCM) was used in the first CCMVa1 model evaluation and forms the basis for several studies of links between ozone and the circulation. That version of the CCM was based on the GEOS-4 GCM. Versions 2 and 3 of the GEOS CCM are based on the GEOS-5 GCM, which retains the "Lin-Rood" dynamical core but has a totally different set of physical parameterizatiOns to GEOS-4. In Version 2 of the GEOS CCM the Goddard stratospheric chemistry module is retained. Difference between Versions 1 and 2 thus reflect the physics changes of the underlying GCMs. Several comparisons between these two models are made, several of which reveal improvements in Version 2 (including a more realistic representation of the interannual variability of the Antarctic vortex). In Version 3 of the GEOS CCM, the stratospheric chemistry mechanism is replaced by the "GMI COMBO" code that includes tropospheric chemistry and different computational approaches. An advantage of this model version. is the reduction of high ozone biases that prevail at low chlorine loadings in Versions 1 and 2. This poster will compare and contrast various aspects of the three model versions that are relevant for understanding interactions between ozone and climate.

  1. Pengembangan Model Outdoor Learning melalui Project Berbasis Local Wisdom dalam Pembelajaran Fisika

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    Indah kurnia Putri Damayanti

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 menghasilkan model outdoor learning melalui project berbasis local wisdom yang layak digunakan dalam pembelajaran fisika, (2 mengetahui keefektifan penggunaan model outdoor learning melalui project berbasis local wisdom. Penelitian pengembangan ini menggunakan metode pengembangan R & D (Research dan Development. Pada tahap Development, peneliti mengadopsi model 4D, yaitu Define, Design, Develop, dan Disseminate. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model outdoor learning melalui project berbasis local wisdom yang dikembangkan layak digunakan dari segi produk pendukung pembelajaran yang memenuhi kriteria sangat tinggi menurut para ahli, praktis menurut guru dan peserta didik. Lembar observasi yang memenuhi kriteria valid dan reliabel berdasarkan hasil ICC dan tes hasil belajar yang memenuhi kriteria valid dan reliabel berdasarkan hasil Quest. Selain itu, model outdoor learning melalui project berbasis local wisdom lebih efektif digunakan dalam pembelajaran fisika dilihat dari hasil analisis multivariate dan GLMMDs yang memperoleh nilai signifikansi 0,000 dan MD yang tinggi.   AbstractThis research was aimed to: (1 produce outdoor learning via project based suitable local wisdom model used in physics learning, (2 know the effectiveness in using outdoor learning via project based local wisdom model. This developing research used a R & D method (Research and Development. On Development step, the researcher adopted 4D model, they were Define, Design, Develop, dan Dissemination. The results showed that the developed outdoor learning via project based local wisdom model was suitable to be used in terms of learning support product that was in very high category according expert, practical according teacher and students. In addition the observation sheet was in valid criteria and reliabel based on ICC and the learning outcome test was in valid criteria and reliabel based on Quest. Besides, outdoor learning via

  2. Investigations for modelling hardness of biomedical implant during ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rupinder Singh

    RUPINDER SINGH* and GURINDER SINGH. Department of Production Engineering, Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Ludhiana, Punjab 141006, India ... master pattern to final product. The contribution of the paper is towards finding ..... fashion to obtain the best microhardness. Acknowledgements. The authors are ...

  3. PEREKAYASAAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN MEMBACA PERMULAAN DI SEKOLAH DASAR BERBASIS PENGEMBANGAN SIKAP, KETERAMPILAN, DAN PENGETAHUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Ernalis

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The research objective to be achieved through the second year the study was to determine, explain, and explain (1 the prototype model of learning to read beginning in early elementary school classes in accordance with the needs of teachers and students current conditions based on the results of the validation test; (2 the contribution of the implementation of Early reading learning model-based development of attitudes, skills and knowledge to the development of students' skills in reading starters based on the results of the validation test; (3 the contribution of the implementation of Early reading learning model-based development of attitudes, skills and knowledge to primary school students' knowledge acquisition thematically based on the results of the validation test. This research was conducted using the method of Research and Development (R & D. The subjects were teachers and students of primary schools in the district and sub-district Cileunyi Ujungberung Bandung Regency Bandung. Research data will be collected using several instruments. Research data will be processed using data processing techniques of qualitative and quantitative data processing techniques with statistical test. Based on the results of the study concluded that the learning model based SKP Early reading can be used effectively to improve student reading skills beginning. The second conclusion is that the learning model based SKP Early reading can be used effectively in improving students' attitudes Early reading. Based on this fact, the model can be used in schools as an alternative model of learning to read in low grade. Keywords: SKP models, read the beginning, the attitude of reading, low grade   Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian yang hendak dicapai melalui penelitian tahun kedua adalah untuk mengetahui, menjelaskan, dan memaparkan (1 prototipe model pembelajaran membaca permulaan di kelas awal sekolah dasar yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan guru dan kondisi siswa

  4. Multi-sensor Cloud Retrieval Simulator and Remote Sensing from Model Parameters . Pt. 1; Synthetic Sensor Radiance Formulation; [Synthetic Sensor Radiance Formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wind, G.; DaSilva, A. M.; Norris, P. M.; Platnick, S.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we describe a general procedure for calculating synthetic sensor radiances from variable output from a global atmospheric forecast model. In order to take proper account of the discrepancies between model resolution and sensor footprint, the algorithm takes explicit account of the model subgrid variability, in particular its description of the probability density function of total water (vapor and cloud condensate.) The simulated sensor radiances are then substituted into an operational remote sensing algorithm processing chain to produce a variety of remote sensing products that would normally be produced from actual sensor output. This output can then be used for a wide variety of purposes such as model parameter verification, remote sensing algorithm validation, testing of new retrieval methods and future sensor studies.We show a specific implementation using the GEOS-5 model, the MODIS instrument and the MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS) Data Collection 5.1 operational remote sensing cloud algorithm processing chain (including the cloud mask, cloud top properties and cloud optical and microphysical properties products). We focus on clouds because they are very important to model development and improvement.

  5. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TAPPS BERBANTUAN MST UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KREATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uun Kurniasih

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini   untuk mendeskripsi karakteristik pembelajaran model TAPPS strategi IDEP DCG berbantuan MST serta menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika yang valid, praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini termasuk jenis R & D atau jenis penelitian pengembangan . Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran mengacu pada model Thiagarajan, Semmel dan Semmel. Pengumpulan data terdiri dari lembar validasi, lembar  pengamatan  aktivitas  siswa,  lembar  angket  motivasi,  lembar  respon  siswa, lembar kemampuan guru melaksanakan   pembelajaran dan tes kemampuan berpikir kreatif.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 karakteristik   pembelajaran TAPPS adalah pembelajaran efektif, menyenangkan, inovatif, serta menumbuhkembangkan semangat kepercayaan diri siswa dalam memunculkan ide baru sehingga mampu memecahkan permasalahan  secara  sistematis  ;  (2  perangkat  pembelajaran  yang  dikembangkan valid; dengan kriteria silabus, RPP, LKS, buku siswa, dan TKBK masing-masing sangat baik; (3 Perangkat pembelajarannya praktis, yaitu: a kemampuan guru melaksanakan pembelajaran baik mempunyai rata-rata 4,395; dan b respon siswa positif mempunyai rata-rata  86%; (4  pembelajaran  matematika efektif  , data penelitian  menunjukkan ketuntasan belajar  melebihi 75%, adanya pengaruh positif aktivitas dan motivasi siswa terhadap ketuntasan berpikir kreatif  sebesar 86,2%;   berdasarkan uji banding kelas ekperimen lebih baik dari pada kelas ekspositori; adanya peningkatan kemampuan menjawab soal secara sistematis/tepat (fluency, memberikan jawaban yang beragam (flexibility, dan jawabannya menggunakan bahasa atau ide sendiri (orisinalitty.AbstractThe purpose of this research is to study characteristics of  model TAPPS with IDEP DCG strategy aided MST and produce valid mathematical learning tools, practical and effective. This research includes type of research development. Learning software development refers to model Thiagarajan

  6. PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE TEAM GAMES TOURNAMENT BERBANTUAN MEDIA KARTU TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR KIMIA KELAS XI SMA N 1 TENGARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonius Tri Widodo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Pembelajaran yang menyenangkan dan memberdayakan siswa membuat siswa /ebih aktif dalam proses pembelajaran. Cara yang bisa dilakukan guru adalah dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran yang tepat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembe/ajaran kooperatif tipe TGT berbantuan media kartu terhadap hasil be/ajar. Penelitian menggunakan populasi siswa kelas XI IPA SMA Negeri 1 Tengaran tahun ajaran 200912010. Pengambilan sampel dengan teknik cluster random sampling. Analisis tahap awal menunjukkan bahwa populasi memiliki tingkat homogenitas sama dan data terdistribusi nonnal. Setelah perlakuan, didapatkan rata-rata hasil be/ajar kelompok eksperimen lebih baik daripada kontrol yaitu sebesar 78, 19 dan 69,88. Uji perbedaan rata-rata hasil be/ajar diperoleh thitung (4, 76 > t,abet (1,99, sehingga terdapat perbedaan hasil be/ajar antar kelompok. Uji korelasi diperoleh harga koefisien korelasi biserial (r J sebesar 0, 58 dan nilai SEm *1, 96 = 0, 2683. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan bahwa harga rb (0,58 > SErb *1,96 (0,2683, sehingga korelasi antardua variabel signifikan dan koefisien determinasi sebesar 33, 63%. Kelompok eksperimen mencapai ketuntasan be/ajar klasikal sedangkan kontrol be/um. Pada rata-rata nilai afektif dan psikomotorik, kelompok eksperimen mencapai nilai lebih baik daripada kontrol. Berdasarkan angket pendapat siswa dipero/eh rata-rata siswa setuju dengan penerapan model pembelajaran ini dan disimpulkan bahwa model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe TGT berbantuan media berpengaruh terhadap hasil be/ajar.

  7. PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN TIGA MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR MATA DIKLAT PEMROGRAMAN WEB PHP PADA SISWA DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rini Agustina

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The appropriate learning model for students is a support of the teacher for  improving student grades. This research is aimed to identify the effect of the three learning models usage, Independent Learning, Cooperative Learning (Jigsaw and Contextual Teaching and Learning applied to the students with high achievement categorized both male and female students in subject of PHP Web Programming at vocational higher school. The result shows that the implementation of learning model affects the achievement of competency for each learning model as follows; 8.91 for Independent Learning Model, 8.91 for Cooperative Learning Model and 9.44 for Contextual Teaching and Learning Model. Students with high achievement (male and female give significant influence to the achievement of competency of PHP Web Programming. Model pembelajaran yang sesuai bagi siswa merupakan dukungan dari guru untuk meningkatkan kemampuan siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek dari penggunaan tiga metode pembelajaran yakni Independent Learning, Co­opera­tive Learning (Jigsaw, dan Contextual Teaching and Learning.  Ketiga metode ini diterapkan pada siswa dengan prestasi tinggi yang dipilah menurut jenis kelamin pada mata diklat Pemrograman Web PHP di sekolah menengah kejuruan. Hasil penelitian menujukkan bahwa implementasi model pembelajaran memberikan dampak capaian kompetensi sebagai berikut: 8,91 untuk model pembelajaran Independent Learning, 8,91 untuk model Cooperative Learning, dan 9,44 untuk model Contextual Teaching and Learning. Siswa dengan prestasi tinggi baik laki-laki maupun perem­puan memberikan akibat yang signifikan terhadap capaian kompetensi Pemrograman Web PHP.

  8. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL OUTDOOR LEARNING BERBANTUAN MODEL GROUP INVESTIGATION UNTUK PENGEMBANGKAN SIKAP ILMIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novi Yuliyanti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Hasil field study di SDN 2 Dukuh Tengah menunjukkan hasil bahwa pembelajaran IPA, didominasi pada aspek kognitif dan kurang mampu mengembangkan sikap ilmiah. Karakteristik model OLGI (outdoor learning berbantuan model group investigation belum  terlihat dengan  baik. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan, mengukur keefektifan dan untuk mengetahui peningkatan sikap ilmiah siswa dengan pengembangan model OLGI. Penelitian ini terdiri atas lima tahap 1 investigasi awal, 2 desain, 3 realisasi atau konstruksi, 4 tes, evaluasi, dan revisi, dan 5 implementasi.  Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas V Sekolah Dasar Negeri 2 Kersana sebagai kelas uji coba skala terbatas sejumlah 21 siswa, siswa VA SDN 2 Dukuh Tengah sejumlah 28 siswa sebagai kelas kontrol, dan siswa kelas VB SDN 2 Dukuh Tengah sejumlah 28 siswa sebagai kelas eksperimen. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara, lembar observasi aktivitas guru dan siswa, angket sikap ilmiah, dan lembar validasi. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif, analisis instrumen, dan uji banding dua sampel.  Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa model OLGI dapat meningkatkan sikap ilmiah siswa secara signifikan, dengan skor 0,55 dengan kriteria sedang pada rentang 0,30 ≤ ( ≤ 0,70. Berdasarkan analisis Uji T hasil belajar siswa di kelas eksperimen dengan rata-rata 85,32 lebih tinggi dari pada kelas kontrol dengan rata-rata 76,96. Based on the field study in SDN 2 Dukuh Tengah teaching was still dominated cognitive aspects, poor from to develop a scientific attitude.  The characteristic of OLGI models have not been seen with either. The purpose of this study was to describe, measure, effectiveness and to determine of study who receive the OLGI models to develop a scientific attitude. This research consist of five phases 1 investigation, 2 design, 3 the realization or construction, 4 evaluation and revision, 5 the implementation. Subject this research  is grade V student of SDN 2

  9. UPAYA MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN DAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS 5 MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE TEAMS GAMES TOURNAMENT (TGTDI SEKOLAH DASAR VIRGO MARIA 1 AMBARAWA SEMESTER II TAHUN PELAJARAN 2013 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vian Anggraeni

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Pembelajaran matematika di Sekolah Dasar (SD pada umumnya masih diajarkan oleh guru dengan metode yang konvensional melalui ceramah. Hal tersebut menyebabkan siswa menjadi jenuh dan cenderung pasif pada saat pembelajaran di kelas. Ketidaktepatan guru dalam memilih metode dan media pembelajaran juga akan berakibat pada rendahnya keaktifan dan hasil belajar siswa. Oleh sebab itu, maka diperlukan adanya perbaikan pembelajaran tersebut untuk meningkatkan keaktifan dan hasil belajar siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keaktifan dan hasil belajar matematika siswa kelas 5 dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Teams Games Tournament (TGT di SD Virgo Maria 1 Ambarawa pada semester II tahun pelajaran 2013/2014. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Model penelitian ini mengadopsi model PTK Kurt Lewin yang terdiri dari 4 tahap, yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan tindakan, observasi dan refleksi. Penelitian ini terdiri dari dua siklus. Tiap siklus terdiri dari tiga pertemuan. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas 5 SD Virgo Maria 1 Ambarawa yang berjumlah 26 siswa. Teknik pengumpulan data berupa teknik tes dan non tes. Teknik tes berupa soal evaluasi akhir dan non tes berupa observasi serta dokumentasi. Kriteria keberhasilan dalam penelitian ini yaitu jika nilai rata-rata siswa kelas 5 mencapai atau melebihi Kriteria Ketuntasan Minimal (KKM yaitu 65. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis ketuntasan dan analisis komparatif hasil belajar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa melalui model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe TGT dapat meningkatkan keaktifan dan hasil belajar matematika siswa kelas 5 SD Virgo Maria 1 Ambarawa. Ini dapat dilihat dari skor awal aktivitas belajar siswa pada siklus I adalah 67 dengan rata-rata 3,2 (79,8%; pada siklus II meningkat menjadi 76 dengan rata-rata 3,6 (90,5%. Hasil belajar matematika siswa kelas 5 juga mengalami peningkatan rata

  10. MODEL PERMAINAN AKTIVITAS LUAR KELAS UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN RANAH KOGNITIF, AFEKTIF, DAN PSIKOMOTORIK SISWA SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendra Setyawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan model-model permainan Aktivitas Luar kelas (ALK yang layak digunakan sebagai materi pembelajaran penjas, serta efektif untuk mengembangkan ranah kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik siswa SMA. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan langkah-langkah sebagai berikut: (1 pengumpulan informasi di lapangan, (2 menganalisis informasi yang telah dikumpulkan, (3 mengembangkan produk awal, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba skala kecil dan  revisi, (6 uji coba skala besar dan revisi, dan (7 pembuatan produk final. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas X-D dan XI-IPA 4 dari SMA N I Prambanan berjumlah 66 orang. Uji coba skala besar dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas X-G, X-H, XI-IPS 3, dan XI-BHS dari SMA N I Prambanan berjumlah 132 orang. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu; (1 pedoman wawancara, (2 skala nilai, (3 pedoman observasi permainan, (4 pedoman observasi keefektifan permainan, (5 pedoman observasi terhadap guru pelaku uji coba, dan (6 rubrik penilaian siswa. Teknik analisis data dengan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian berupa tujuh model permainan yang layak dan efektif digunakan dalam pembelajaran penjas, hal ini dibuktikan dengan perolehan persentase sebesar 100% dari data hasil kuesioner skala nilai, observasi model permainan, observasi keefektifan permainan, dan observasi guru pelaku uji coba. Model permainan juga efektif untuk mengembangkan ranah kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotorik, yang dibuktikan dengan terjadinya peningkatan persentase nilai rata-rata siswa sebesar 21%. Kata kunci: model, permainan, aktivitas luar kelas, kognitif, afektif, psikomotorik THE OUTDOOR ACTIVITY GAME MODEL TO DEVELOP THE ASPECT OF COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE, AND PSYCHOMOTOR OF THE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS Abstract This study aims at producing outdoor activity game models which are proper to be used for physicall education learning and developing cognitive, affective, and

  11. Meningkatkan Kedisiplinan Belajar Siswa Melalui Layanan Penguasaan Konten dengan Teknik Modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khuliyah Khuliyah

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui peningkatan kedisiplinan belajar siswa setelah diberikan layanan penguasaan konten dengan  teknik modelling. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas. Subjek dalam penelitian ini yaitu siswa kelass VII H SMP Negeri 3 Ungaran yang berjumlah 31 siswa. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan skala kedisiplinan belajar dan pedoman observasi. Instrumen tersebut telah diujicobakan untuk digunakan dalam penelitian menggunakan validitas dengan rumus product moment oleh Pearson dan reliabilitas instrumen dengan rumus alpha. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan yakni analisis deskriptif persentase dan Uji t (t-test. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat peningkatan kedisiplinan belajar siswa melalui layanan penguasaan konten dengan teknik modelling, dengan nilai  >  yaitu 16,874 > 2,042. Simpulan dari penelitian ini adalah kedisiplinan belajar siswa dapat ditingkatkan melalui layanan penguasaan konten dengan teknik modelling. Oleh karena itu, diharapkan guru pembimbing dapat meningkatkan layanan penguasaan konten kepada siswa sebagai strategi untuk membantu siswa dalam meningkatkan kedisiplinan belajar. The purpose of this study is to identify the improvement of learning discipline of student after given mastery of content service by modeling technique. Subjects of this study are students of class VII H in SMP Negeri 3 Ungaran which involved 31 students. Data collection techniques were using the learning discipline scale and observation. Validity of instrument has been tested using Pearson product moment and reliability of the instrument with alpha formula. Data analysis technique used percentage descriptive analysis and t-test (t–test. The results of this study indicate that there is an increase of student learning discipline through the mastery of content services with modeling technique, the value of  >  is 16.874 > 2.042. From this research it can be concluded that student learning

  12. Impacts of Aerosol Direct Effects on the South Asian Climate: Assessment of Radiative Feedback Processes Using Model Simulations and Satellite/Surface Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Sheng-Hsiang; Gautam, Ritesh; Lau, William K. M.; Tsay, Si-Chee; Sun, Wen-Yih; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Chern, Jiun-Dar; Hsu, Christina; Lin, Neng-Huei

    2011-01-01

    Current assessment of aerosol radiative effect is hindered by our incomplete knowledge of aerosol optical properties, especially absorption, and our current inability to quantify physical and microphysical processes. In this research, we investigate direct aerosol radiative effect over heavy aerosol loading areas (e.g., Indo-Gangetic Plains, South/East Asia) and its feedbacks on the South Asian climate during the pre-monsoon season (March-June) using the Purdue Regional Climate Model (PRCM) with prescribed aerosol data derived by the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5). Our modeling domain covers South and East Asia (60-140E and 0-50N) with spatial resolutions of 45 km in horizontal and 28 layers in vertical. The model is integrated from 15 February to 30 June 2008 continuously without nudging (i.e., only forced by initial/boundary conditions). Two numerical experiments are conducted with and without the aerosol-radiation effects. Both simulations are successful in reproducing the synoptic patterns on seasonal-to-interannual time scales and capturing a pre-monsoon feature of the northward rainfall propagation over Indian region in early June which shown in Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) observation. Preliminary result suggests aerosol-radiation interactions mainly alter surface-atmosphere energetics and further result in an adjustment of the vertical temperature distribution in lower atmosphere (below 700 hPa). The modifications of temperature and associated rainfall and circulation feedbacks on the regional climate will be discussed in the presentation.

  13. Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation, Volume 43. MERRA-2; Initial Evaluation of the Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koster, Randal D. (Editor); Bosilovich, Michael G.; Akella, Santha; Lawrence, Coy; Cullather, Richard; Draper, Clara; Gelaro, Ronald; Kovach, Robin; Liu, Qing; Molod, Andrea; hide

    2015-01-01

    The years since the introduction of MERRA have seen numerous advances in the GEOS-5 Data Assimilation System as well as a substantial decrease in the number of observations that can be assimilated into the MERRA system. To allow continued data processing into the future, and to take advantage of several important innovations that could improve system performance, a decision was made to produce MERRA-2, an updated retrospective analysis of the full modern satellite era. One of the many advances in MERRA-2 is a constraint on the global dry mass balance; this allows the global changes in water by the analysis increment to be near zero, thereby minimizing abrupt global interannual variations due to changes in the observing system. In addition, MERRA-2 includes the assimilation of interactive aerosols into the system, a feature of the Earth system absent from previous reanalyses. Also, in an effort to improve land surface hydrology, observations-corrected precipitation forcing is used instead of model-generated precipitation. Overall, MERRA-2 takes advantage of numerous updates to the global modeling and data assimilation system. In this document, we summarize an initial evaluation of the climate in MERRA-2, from the surface to the stratosphere and from the tropics to the poles. Strengths and weaknesses of the MERRA-2 climate are accordingly emphasized.

  14. Enhancing Cloud Radiative Processes and Radiation Efficiency in the Advanced Research Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iacono, Michael J. [Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Lexington, MA (United States)

    2015-03-09

    The objective of this research has been to evaluate and implement enhancements to the computational performance of the RRTMG radiative transfer option in the Advanced Research version of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Efficiency is as essential as accuracy for effective numerical weather prediction, and radiative transfer is a relatively time-consuming component of dynamical models, taking up to 30-50 percent of the total model simulation time. To address this concern, this research has implemented and tested a version of RRTMG that utilizes graphics processing unit (GPU) technology (hereinafter RRTMGPU) to greatly improve its computational performance; thereby permitting either more frequent simulation of radiative effects or other model enhancements. During the early stages of this project the development of RRTMGPU was completed at AER under separate NASA funding to accelerate the code for use in the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) Goddard Earth Observing System GEOS-5 global model. It should be noted that this final report describes results related to the funded portion of the originally proposed work concerning the acceleration of RRTMG with GPUs in WRF. As a k-distribution model, RRTMG is especially well suited to this modification due to its relatively large internal pseudo-spectral (g-point) dimension that, when combined with the horizontal grid vector in the dynamical model, can take great advantage of the GPU capability. Thorough testing under several model configurations has been performed to ensure that RRTMGPU improves WRF model run time while having no significant impact on calculated radiative fluxes and heating rates or on dynamical model fields relative to the RRTMG radiation. The RRTMGPU codes have been provided to NCAR for possible application to the next public release of the WRF forecast model.

  15. The Impact of IBM Cell Technology on the Programming Paradigm in the Context of Computer Systems for Climate and Weather Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Shujia; Duffy, Daniel; Clune, Thomas; Suarez, Max; Williams, Samuel; Halem, Milton

    2009-01-10

    The call for ever-increasing model resolutions and physical processes in climate and weather models demands a continual increase in computing power. The IBM Cell processor's order-of-magnitude peak performance increase over conventional processors makes it very attractive to fulfill this requirement. However, the Cell's characteristics, 256KB local memory per SPE and the new low-level communication mechanism, make it very challenging to port an application. As a trial, we selected the solar radiation component of the NASA GEOS-5 climate model, which: (1) is representative of column physics components (half the total computational time), (2) has an extremely high computational intensity: the ratio of computational load to main memory transfers, and (3) exhibits embarrassingly parallel column computations. In this paper, we converted the baseline code (single-precision Fortran) to C and ported it to an IBM BladeCenter QS20. For performance, we manually SIMDize four independent columns and include several unrolling optimizations. Our results show that when compared with the baseline implementation running on one core of Intel's Xeon Woodcrest, Dempsey, and Itanium2, the Cell is approximately 8.8x, 11.6x, and 12.8x faster, respectively. Our preliminary analysis shows that the Cell can also accelerate the dynamics component (~;;25percent total computational time). We believe these dramatic performance improvements make the Cell processor very competitive as an accelerator.

  16. Tropospheric Ozone Source Attribution in Southern California during Summer 2014 Based on Lidar Measurements and Model Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granados Munoz, Maria Jose; Johnson, Matthew S.; Leblanc, Thierry

    2016-01-01

    In the past decades, significant efforts have been made to increase tropospheric ozone long-term monitoring. A large number of ground-based, airborne and space-borne instruments are currently providing valuable data to contribute to better understand tropospheric ozone budget and variability. Nonetheless, most of these instruments provide in-situ surface and column-integrated data, whereas vertically resolved measurements are still scarce. Besides ozonesondes and aircraft, lidar measurements have proven to be valuable tropospheric ozone profilers. Using the measurements from the tropospheric ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) located at the JPL Table Mountain Facility, California, and the GEOS-Chem and GEOS-5 model outputs, the impact of the North American monsoon on tropospheric ozone during summer 2014 is investigated. The influence of the Monsoon lightning-induced NOx will be evaluated against other sources (e.g. local anthropogenic emissions and the stratosphere) using also complementary data such as backward-trajectories analysis, coincident water vapor lidar measurements, and surface ozone in-situ measurements.

  17. PENGGUNAAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN NUMBERED HEAD TOGETHER UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA (Studi Pada Mata Pelajaran PAI Kelas VIII SMP Islam Unggulan Miftahul Ulum Bandar Sribhawono Lampung Timur TP. 2015/2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Kholis

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Rendahnya hasil belajar pada mata pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam kelas VIII di SMP Islam Unggulan Miftaahul ‘Uluum Bandar Sribhawono terlihat dari 20 siswa yang mengikuti pembelajaran hanya 4 siswa atau 20% siswa yang tuntas belajarnya. Rendahnya hasil belajar ini disebabkan oleh berbagai faktor salah satunya disebabkan model pembelajaran yang digunakan oleh guru tidak sesuai dengan materi yang diajarkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar Pendidikan Agama Islam melalui penerapan model Pembelajaran Kooperatif  tipe Numbered Head Together. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK dengan Subjek penelitian berjumlah 20 orang. Tehnik pengumpulan data menggunakan tes dan dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis kualitatif dan analisis kuantitatif. Temuan dalam penelitian ini ialah model pembelajaran koopertaif tipe Numbered Head Together dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa kelas VIII pada mata pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam di SMP Islam Unggulan Miftaahul ‘Uluum Bandar Sribhawono, hal ini dibuktikan dengan adanya peningkatan hasil belajar dengan rata-rata 70,95 pada siklus I dan 79,90 pada siklus II, dengan presentase peningkatan hasil belajar yaitu 60% pada siklus I dan 90% pada siklus II.

  18. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP PADA PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heny Djoehaeni

    2014-08-01

    yang dapat menjadi acuan untuk guru dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Penelitian dan Pengembangan dengan tahap-tahap berikut: studi pendahuluan meliputi studi literatur, survei lapangan dan penyusunan produk awal. Tahap pengembangan termasuk pengujian terbatas dan uji coba serta tahap validasi yang lebih luas. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini masih belum optimal. Sebuah model pembelajaran dikembangkan dengan model yang didasarkan pada proses inkuiri kontekstual. Penerapan model pembelajaran berbasis inkuiri kontekstual pada Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar anak-anak, terutama pada ranah kompetensi pengetahuan, sikap dan keterampilan yang mengacu pada Kurikulum Muatan Lokal Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup. Kata Kunci: Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup, Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, kurikulum

  19. High-resolution global CO2 modeling: a comparison to GOSAT column CO2 retrievals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, D. F.

    2010-12-01

    Over a year’s worth of column CO2 concentrations retrieved by the Japanese Greenhouse-gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) are now available: with a global distribution and good sensitivity down to the surface, these data could provide an important new view of the functioning of the global carbon cycle. The retrievals seem to be corrupted by systematic errors with a magnitude of several ppm, however; to be truly useful, these biases must be greatly reduced before being used in atmospheric transport inversions. Here GOSAT column CO2 retrievals are compared to values from a high-resolution global atmospheric transport model; the residuals are correlated with a variety of factors (including aerosol optical depth, cloud coverage, surface type, and viewing geometry) globally, across a full year of data, to help identify systematic errors in the retrievals and attribute them to possible causes. This broad comparison to model data is meant to complement the comparison to in situ CO2 measurements and upward-looking Fourier spectrometer data currently being used to validate the retrievals at a relatively few times and locations. NASA’s GEOS5 analyzed meteorology products at 0.5° x 0.67° resolution (lat/lon) are used both to compute diurnally-varying land biospheric fluxes (with the SiB model) and to transport these fluxes through the atmosphere with the off-line PCTM model (40 vertical layers, also at 0.5° x 0.67°). Global fossil fuel fluxes with similarly-high spatial resolution, but low temporal resolution, plus monthly varying air-sea fluxes from an ocean model, are also transported. The net fluxes and CO2 fields are optimized at coarse scales in a Transcom-like time-dependent inversion to agree with data from the in situ CO2 measurement network before the GOSAT comparison is made.

  20. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN IPA MODEL LEARNING CYCLE 7E UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS

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    Fembriani -

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Proses pembelajaran dalam KTSP memerlukan pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran. Observasi yang peneliti lakukan di kelas IV pada lima sekolah dasar, 80% guru tidak membuat perangkat pembelajaran sendiri, 60% SD masih menggunakan perangkat pembelajaran teacher center, dan 50% belum mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis yang sesuai dengan indikator. Penelitian ini menggunakan model pengembangan Plomp dengan tujuan untuk memperoleh perangkat pembelajaran yang valid, efektif, dan praktis. Hasil Penelitian menunjukan: (1 pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran learning cycle 7E menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid. Skor rata-rata validasi ahli terhadap silabus 3,6 (sangat baik, RPP 3,7 (sangat baik, bahan ajar 3,5 (sangat baik, LKS 3,6 (sangat baik, dan evaluasi  3,5 (sangat baik. (2 implementasi perangkat  pembelajaran yang valid terbukti efektif karena setelah diberi perlakuan menggunakan model learning cycle 7E terdapat perbedaan antara kelas kontrol dan ekperimen dengan nilai signifikansi 0,02 < 0,05 dan peningkatan hasil N-gain kelas eksperimen sebesar 0,62 yang menunjukan kriteria sedang. (3 Berdasarkan analisis kuisioner, perangkat pembelajaran yang  praktis dapat diterima oleh siswa dan guru sebesar 80% dan 80%. Simpulan yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran IPA model learning cycle 7E adalah valid, efektif, dan praktis.The learning process in school based curiculum requires the development of learning instrument. The observation that researcher done on fourth grade at five Elementary Schools, 80% of teachers do not make their own learning device, 60% of  school teachers still use the teacher learning center, and 50% have not yet developed learning tools to improve critical thinking skills in accordance with the indicators. This study use a model of development Plomp in order to obtain a valid learning device, effective, and practical. The result of

  1. PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF MAKE A MATCH BERBANTUAN SLIDE SHARE TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR KOGNITIF IPS DAN KETERAMPILAN SOSIAL

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    Udin Cahya Ari Prastya

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This research is conducted due to the problems faced by the fifth graders of Ampelgading 01 Public Elementary School. They find difficulties in understanding social science subject, indicated by students’ learning outcomes. Only 5% students of class pass the Minimum Passing Criteria of 70. Teacher-centered learning decreases the interaction between teachers and students and students with students, which related to the development of social skills such. Therefore, interactive learning model is needed to build good classroom atmosphere and improve students’ interactions. One model of interactive learning is a Make a Match.This research used quantitative and quasi-experiment methods, Quasi-experimental design used is nonequivalent control group design, using independent t-test assisted with SPSS 16 software for data analysis.The research result presents following the treatment in experimental class using cooperative teaching model ‘Make a Match’ using slide share, average grade of posttest obtained from control group is 66,15 while the experimental class gained the average of 75,18; control class obtained social skills scores with the average of 45 and 61 for experimental class. t test result indicates the cognitive learning measured from gain score of pretest and posttest have significant value of 0.000 and social skills shows significant value of 0.000. It is known that 0.000> 0.05, indicates that is related to the effect of cooperative teaching model ‘Make a Match’ using slide share to the social science cognitive and social skill. Pelaksanaan penelitian ini dikarenakan adanya masalah yang dihadapi oleh siswa kelas V di SDN Ampelgading 01. Meraka merasa kesulitas dalam memahami materi mata pelajaran IPS, hal ini dibuktikan dengan nilai hasil belajar siswa yang mendapatkan nilai di atas KKM dengan nilai KKM 70 hanya 5% dari jumlah total keseluruan siswa. Pembelajaran guru yang bersifat aksi menimbulkan tidak adanya interaksi antara

  2. Statistical-dynamical long-range seasonal forecasting of streamflow with the North-American Multi Model Ensemble (NMME)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Louise; Villarini, Gabriele

    2017-04-01

    There are two main approaches to long-range (monthly to seasonal) streamflow forecasting: statistical approaches that typically relate climate precursors directly to streamflow, and dynamical physically-based approaches in which spatially distributed models are forced with downscaled meteorological forecasts. While the former approach is potentially limited by a lack of physical causality, the latter tends to be complex and time-consuming to implement. In contrast, hybrid statistical-dynamical techniques that use global climate model (GCM) ensemble forecasts as inputs to statistical models are both physically-based and rapid to run, but are a relatively new field of research. Here, we conduct the first systematic multimodel statistical-dynamical forecasting of streamflow using NMME climate forecasts from eight GCMs (CCSM3, CCSM4, CanCM3, CanCM4, GFDL2.1, FLORb01, GEOS5, and CFSv2) across a broad region. At several hundred U.S. Midwest stream gauges with long (50+ continuous years) streamflow records, we fit probabilistic statistical models for seasonal streamflow percentiles ranging from minimum to maximum flows. As predictors, we use basin-averaged values of precipitation, antecedent wetness, temperature, agricultural row crop acreage, and population density. Using the observed data, we select the best-fitting probabilistic model for every site, season, and streamflow percentile (ranging from low to high flows). The best-fitting models are then used to obtain streamflow predictions by incorporating the NMME climate forecasts and the extrapolated agricultural and population time series as predictors. The forecasting skill of our models is assessed using both deterministic and probabilistic verification measures. The influence of the different predictors is evaluated for all streamflow percentiles and across the full range of lead times. Our findings reveal that statistical-dynamical streamflow forecasting produces promising results, which may enable water managers

  3. Lessons Learned from Assimilating Altimeter Data into a Coupled General Circulation Model with the GMAO Augmented Ensemble Kalman Filter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppenne, Christian; Vernieres, Guillaume; Rienecker, Michele; Jacob, Jossy; Kovach, Robin

    2011-01-01

    Satellite altimetry measurements have provided global, evenly distributed observations of the ocean surface since 1993. However, the difficulties introduced by the presence of model biases and the requirement that data assimilation systems extrapolate the sea surface height (SSH) information to the subsurface in order to estimate the temperature, salinity and currents make it difficult to optimally exploit these measurements. This talk investigates the potential of the altimetry data assimilation once the biases are accounted for with an ad hoc bias estimation scheme. Either steady-state or state-dependent multivariate background-error covariances from an ensemble of model integrations are used to address the problem of extrapolating the information to the sub-surface. The GMAO ocean data assimilation system applied to an ensemble of coupled model instances using the GEOS-5 AGCM coupled to MOM4 is used in the investigation. To model the background error covariances, the system relies on a hybrid ensemble approach in which a small number of dynamically evolved model trajectories is augmented on the one hand with past instances of the state vector along each trajectory and, on the other, with a steady state ensemble of error estimates from a time series of short-term model forecasts. A state-dependent adaptive error-covariance localization and inflation algorithm controls how the SSH information is extrapolated to the sub-surface. A two-step predictor corrector approach is used to assimilate future information. Independent (not-assimilated) temperature and salinity observations from Argo floats are used to validate the assimilation. A two-step projection method in which the system first calculates a SSH increment and then projects this increment vertically onto the temperature, salt and current fields is found to be most effective in reconstructing the sub-surface information. The performance of the system in reconstructing the sub-surface fields is particularly

  4. MODEL MULTIMEDIA INTERAKTIF BERBASIS GAYA BELAJAR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PENGUASAAN KONSEP PENDAHULUAN FISIKA ZAT PADAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Wiyono

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh model multimedia interaktif berbasis gaya belajar dalam meningkatkan penguasaan konsep pendahuluan fisika zat padat mahasiswa calon guru. Metode eksperimen dengan desain control group pretest-posttest design dilaksanakan terhadap 37 mahasiswa kelas eks-perimen dan 36 mahasiswa kelas kontrol di LPTK Sumatera Selatan. Instrumen berupa kuesioner gaya belajar, tes pilihan ganda, angket dan lembar observasi. Uji t beda rerata digunakan melihat peningkatan penguasaan konsep mahasiswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan tertinggi terjadi pada gaya belajar visual sebesar 83,0 (kategori tinggi dan terendah pada gaya belajar kinestetik sebesar 66,3 (ketegori sedang. Peningkatan penguasaan konsep kelas eksperimen 74 (kategori tinggi dan kelas kontrol 47 (ketegori sedang. Disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan  multimedia interaktif berbasis gaya belajar lebih efektif daripada pembelajaran konvensional dalam meningkatkan penguasaan konsep pendahuluan fisika zat padat.This study aims to see the effect of interactive multimedia model based learning styles to improve the concept mastery introductory solid state physics prospective teachers. Experimental methods with pretest posttes control group design implemented of 37 students in the experimental class and 36 students in the control class LPTK South Sumatra. Instruments of learning styles questionnaires, multiple choice tests, questionnaires and observation sheets. The mean difference t test used to see an increase in student concepts of mastery. The results showed that the highest increase occurred in the visual learning style that is equal to 83.0 (high category and the lowest at 66.3 for kinesthetic learning styles (medium category. Increased concept of mastery class experiments 74 (high category and a control class 47 (medium category. Concluded that the use of interactive multimedia-based learning style is more effective than conventional learning in

  5. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN JIGSAW DENGAN STRATEGI METAKOGNITIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SELF-EFFICACY DAN KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

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    Purtiana Septi Alfurofika

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika model Jigsaw strategi Metakognitif untuk meningkatkan self-efficacy terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah dengan materi segi empat kelas VII valid, praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan modifikasi Plomp. Jenis perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan adalah silabus, RPP, bahan ajar, LKS, media pembelajaran, Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah. Teknik pengambilan data menggunakan lembar validasi, lembar pengamatan self-efficacy dan aktifitas, Lembar angket, dan Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 perangkat yang dikembangkan valid; (2 pembelajaran praktis ditandai dengan respon positif siswa dan kemampuan guru baik; (3 Efektifitas ditandai dengan (a kemampuan pemecahan masalah mencapai KKM yaitu 83,4 dan ketuntasan klasikal sebesar 90,3%; (b self-efficacy dan aktifitas siswa secara bersama – sama berpengaruh positif terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah sebesar 71,9%; dan (c self-efficacy dan aktivitas siswa mengalami peningkatan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan tujuan pengembangan perangkat tercapai. The aim of this research to produce mathematics’ learning device the Jigsaw model with Metacognitive strategies for increasing self-efficacy towards problem solving ability to quadrilateral of class VII valid, practical and effective. This research is development of modifications Plomp. Kinds of learning devices are developed syllabi, lesson plans, teaching materials, worksheets, instructional media, and problem solving ability test. Technique of data collection by using validation sheet, observation sheet student’s self-efficacy and activity, questionnaire, and problem solving ability test. The results showed: (1 device developed valid; (2 practical learning is characterized by the positive response of students and good teachers ability; (3 effectiveness characterized by (a the ability of problem

  6. MEMFASILITASI HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS DALAM PERKULIAHAN BIOLOGI SEL MELALUI MODEL INTEGRASI ATRIBUT ASESMEN FORMATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Saptono

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills sangat dibutuhkan untuk memahami permasalahan dan esensi materi perkuliahan Biologi Sel. Studi dengan desain Research and Development ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa calon guru biologi melalui penerapan model pembelajaran Integrasi Atribut Asesmen Formatif (IAAF. Sejumlah 61 mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Negeri Semarang semester tiga yang sedang menempuh mata kuliah Biologi Sel menjadi subjek penelitian. Kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa diukur melalui tugas individu, tugas kelompok pembuatan peta konsep dan penyusunan laporan reviu artikel, dan 30 item soal berbentuk selected response questions dan constructed response questions tervalidasi. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan penalaran dan berpikir analitik mahasiswa dapat berkembang secara signifikan, meskipun perkembangan kemampuan argumentasi, salah satu kategori kemampuan berpikir analitik, masih perlu perhatian yang cukup serius.   Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ Higher order thinking skills are needed to understand the problem and the essence of the lecture material Biology Sel. Study design Research and Development aims to develop reasoning skills and analytic thinking biology student teachers through the application of learning models Integration Attributes Formative Assessment (IAAF. Some 61 students of Biology Education Semarang State University who is doing his third semester courses Cell Biology is the subject of research. Analytical reasoning and thinking ability of students is measured through individual assignments, group assignments concept map creation and preparation of the Review articles, and 30 items about the shape of the selected response and constructed response questions, validated questions. The result showed

  7. Long-Term Model Assimilated Aerosols from MERRA-2: Data and Services at NASA GES DISC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Suhung; Ostrenga, Dana; Huwe, Paul; Vollmer, Bruce; Kempler, Steve

    2016-01-01

    The Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2) is the atmospheric reanalysis conducted with NASA assimilation system GEOS-5. Alongside the meteorological data assimilation, MERRA-2 includes an interactive analysis of aerosols, land, ocean, and ice that feed back into circulation.

  8. Efektivitas Model Prakarya dan Kewirausahaan Berbasis Ekonomi Kreatif Berdimensi Industri Keunggulan Lokal terhadap Keinovatifan Siswa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukardi Sukardi

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan model pendidikan Prakarya dan Kewirausahaan berbasis ekonomi kreatif berdimensi industri keunggulan lokal terhadap keinovatifan siswa SMA dalam menghasilkan produk/jasa. Penelitian berupa penelitian dan pengembangan versi Borg dan Gall yang dipadukan dengan prinsip desain konstruktivistik. Kajian dilakukan melalui tahapan uji produk awal melalui uji terbatas yang disertai revisi; uji produk akhir melalui quasi eksperimen; dan desiminasi dan implementasi. Data dikumpulkan melalui tes, proyek, dan kuesioner, sedang analisis data dilakukan lewat uji korelasi dan t-tes. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 hasil uji produk awal menunjukkan bahwa model yang dihasilkan sangat baik dan layak diuji lebih lanjut; (2 hasil uji produk akhir menunjukkan model yang dihasilkan efektif ditinjau dari keinovatifan siswa dalam menghasilkan produk ekonomi kreatif berdimensi keunggulan lokal; (3 guru dan siswa memberikan respon yang sangat baik terhadap model yang dihasilkan dilihat dari aspek relevance, reflection, interaction, tutor support, peer support, dan interpretation; (4 model akhir yang dihasilkan memuat tiga komponen utama, yaitu tujuan, prosedur, dan penilaian pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: efektivitas model, prakarya dan kewirausahaan, keinovatifan THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CRAFTSMANSHIP EDUCATIONAL MODEL AND CREATIVE ECONOMY-BASED ENTREPRENEURSHIP WITH LOCAL ADVANTAGE INDUSTRY TO STUDENTS’ INNOVATION Abstract: The purpose of this study is to figure out the effectiveness of craftsmanship educational model and creative economy-based entrepreneurship with local advantage industry to the level of high school students’ innovation in providing products / services. This study uses a model of research and development developed by Borg and Gall combined with constructivist design principles. The second phase involves two steps: (1 the initial product test through limited testing with revisions; (2 the final

  9. Analisis Model Pembelajaran Tipe Think-Pair-Share Berbasis Pemecahan Masalah Terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Siswa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumarli Sumarli

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Pembelajaran fisika sampai saat ini lebih mengutamakan penilaian hasil belajar tanpa menilai proses pembelajarannya. Selain itu, sistem penilaian prestasi siswa lebih banyak didasarkan melalui tes-tes yang sifatnya menguji kemampuan kognitif tingkat rendah sehingga menyebabkan rendahnya prestasi siswa Indonesia di bidang sains khususnya fisika yang masih di bawah rata-rata internasional. Kemampuan kognitif tingkat rendah ini belum melibatkan proses analisis siswa. Untuk melibatkan proses analisis siswa diperlukan tes yang menguji kemampuan kognitif tingkat tinggi. Namun untuk memberikan tes yang dapat menguji kemampuan kognitif tingkat tinggi diperlukan proses pembelajaran yang dapat memberikan pengalaman langsung pada siswa. Pembelajaran yang melatih keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi dapat dikembangkan melalui pembelajaran langsung dengan tujuan agar siswa dapat memperoleh ingatan dalam jangka panjang dan siswa juga dapat mengonstruk pengetahuannya sendiri, tetapi kenyataannya secara umum pembelajaran fisika didominasi dengan metode ceramah. Aktivitas siswa hanya terbatas pada mendengarkan, mencatat, menjawab pertanyaan bila guru memberikan pertanyaan, maka proses pembelajaran tersebut jelas tidak mendorong siswa untuk berpikir kritis dan kreatif dalam beraktivitas. Salah satu model pembelajaran yang sesuai dengan permasalahan tersebut adalah model pembelajaran tipe Think-Pair-Share (TPS berbasis pemecahan masalah. Model ini dapat mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi pada diri siswa, membuat siswa terlibat langsung dalam proses pembelajaran sehingga siswa belajar konstruktif tidak bersifat hapalan dan melatih siswa untuk melakukan proses berpikir dan mengungkapkan pendapat dalam memecahkan permasalahan yang ada. Dengan adanya model pembelajaran tersebut diharapkan dapat meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa yang meliputi keterampilan menganalisis, mengevaluasi, dan menciptakan seiring dengan meningkatnya

  10. Assimilation of SMOS Brightness Temperatures or Soil Moisture Retrievals into a Land Surface Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lannoy, Gabrielle J. M.; Reichle, Rolf H.

    2016-01-01

    Three different data products from the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission are assimilated separately into the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, version 5 (GEOS-5) to improve estimates of surface and root-zone soil moisture. The first product consists of multi-angle, dual-polarization brightness temperature (Tb) observations at the bottom of the atmosphere extracted from Level 1 data. The second product is a derived SMOS Tb product that mimics the data at a 40 degree incidence angle from the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission. The third product is the operational SMOS Level 2 surface soil moisture (SM) retrieval product. The assimilation system uses a spatially distributed ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) with seasonally varying climatological bias mitigation for Tb assimilation, whereas a time-invariant cumulative density function matching is used for SM retrieval assimilation. All assimilation experiments improve the soil moisture estimates compared to model-only simulations in terms of unbiased root-mean-square differences and anomaly correlations during the period from 1 July 2010 to 1 May 2015 and for 187 sites across the US. Especially in areas where the satellite data are most sensitive to surface soil moisture, large skill improvements (e.g., an increase in the anomaly correlation by 0.1) are found in the surface soil moisture. The domain-average surface and root-zone skill metrics are similar among the various assimilation experiments, but large differences in skill are found locally. The observation-minus-forecast residuals and analysis increments reveal large differences in how the observations add value in the Tb and SM retrieval assimilation systems. The distinct patterns of these diagnostics in the two systems reflect observation and model errors patterns that are not well captured in the assigned EnKF error parameters. Consequently, a localized optimization of the EnKF error parameters is needed to further improve Tb or SM retrieval

  11. Mechanisms of network collapse in GeO2 glass: high-pressure neutron diffraction with isotope substitution as arbitrator of competing models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wezka, Kamil; Salmon, Philip S; Zeidler, Anita; Whittaker, Dean A J; Drewitt, James W E; Klotz, Stefan; Fischer, Henry E; Marrocchelli, Dario

    2012-12-19

    The structure of the network forming glass GeO(2) is investigated by making the first application of the method of in situ neutron diffraction with isotope substitution at pressures increasing from ambient to 8 GPa. Of the various models, the experimental results are in quantitative agreement only with molecular dynamics simulations made using interaction potentials that include dipole-polarization effects. When the reduced density ρ/ρ(0) > or approximately equal to 1.16, where ρ(0) is the value at ambient pressure, network collapse proceeds via an interplay between the predominance of distorted square pyramidal GeO(5) units versus octahedral GeO(6) units as they replace tetrahedral GeO(4) units. This replacement necessitates the formation of threefold coordinated oxygen atoms and leads to an increase with density in the number of small rings, where a preference is shown for sixfold rings when ρ/ρ(0) = 1 and fourfold rings when ρ/ρ(0) = 1.64.

  12. Meningkatkan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar Siswa dengan Menerapkan Pembelajaran Kooperatif Model Think Pair Share Berbasis Kurikulum 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Alfian Irawan

    2015-11-01

    merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK. Subyek penelitian adalah siswa kelas X Penasaran 1 SMK Negeri 1 Pasuruan tahun 2014/2015. Pengumpulan data menggunakan tes, observasi, catatan lapangan, wawancara, angket dan dokumentasi. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan dua siklus. Setiap siklus mencakup 4 tahap kegiatan yaitu: 1 perencanaan, 2 pelaksanaan tindakan, 3 observasi dan 4 refleksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  penerapan model Think Pair Share yaitu: (a Berfikir mandiri (b Berpasangan (c berbagi. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan (1 Penerapan pembelajaran berjalan dari dengan baik, terbukti dengan adanya peningkatan pada aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa, (2 Aktivitas belajar siswa meningkat dari persentase 37,91% pada siklus I menjadi 87,60% pada siklus II, (3 Hasil belajar siswa terdiri dari kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotor yang meningkat dari persentase 44,19% pada siklus I menjadi 85,56% pada siklus II (4 Hambatan  yang terjadi dapat diatasi dengan adanya solusi dalam refleksi berupa saran dari guru mata pelajaran dan observer (5 Respon siswa terhadap penerapan pembelajaran kooperatif model TPS mendapatkan apresiasi dan antusias yang baik oleh siswa dengan nilai presentase rata-rata 87,76%. Salah satu kendala penerapan model pembelajaran think pair share yaitu memerlukan manajemen waktu yang lebih baik sehingga guru harus lebih cermat dalam memanajemen waktu.

  13. Modeling the Influences of Aerosols on Pre-Monsoon Circulation and Rainfall over Southeast Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, D.; Sud, Y. C.; Oreopoulos, L.; Kim, K.-M.; Lau, W. K.; Kang, I.-S.

    2014-01-01

    We conduct several sets of simulations with a version of NASA's Goddard Earth Observing System, version 5, (GEOS-5) Atmospheric Global Climate Model (AGCM) equipped with a two-moment cloud microphysical scheme to understand the role of biomass burning aerosol (BBA) emissions in Southeast Asia (SEA) in the pre-monsoon period of February-May. Our experiments are designed so that both direct and indirect aerosol effects can be evaluated. For climatologically prescribed monthly sea surface temperatures, we conduct sets of model integrations with and without biomass burning emissions in the area of peak burning activity, and with direct aerosol radiative effects either active or inactive. Taking appropriate differences between AGCM experiment sets, we find that BBA affects liquid clouds in statistically significantly ways, increasing cloud droplet number concentrations, decreasing droplet effective radii (i.e., a classic aerosol indirect effect), and locally suppressing precipitation due to a deceleration of the autoconversion process, with the latter effect apparently also leading to cloud condensate increases. Geographical re-arrangements of precipitation patterns, with precipitation increases downwind of aerosol sources are also seen, most likely because of advection of weakly precipitating cloud fields. Somewhat unexpectedly, the change in cloud radiative effect (cloud forcing) at surface is in the direction of lesser cooling because of decreases in cloud fraction. Overall, however, because of direct radiative effect contributions, aerosols exert a net negative forcing at both the top of the atmosphere and, perhaps most importantly, the surface, where decreased evaporation triggers feedbacks that further reduce precipitation. Invoking the approximation that direct and indirect aerosol effects are additive, we estimate that the overall precipitation reduction is about 40% due to the direct effects of absorbing aerosols, which stabilize the atmosphere and reduce

  14. IMPLEMENTASI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TALKING CHIPS DAN FAN-N-PICK DALAM MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI DAN HASIL BELAJAR IPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrus Logo Radja

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to describe how Talking Chips and Fan-N-Pick learning model to improve VIII D class students’ motivation and learning outcomes at SMP Kristen Citra Bangsa Kota Kupang. The study is a Classroom Action Research (CAR study. The study consists of four phases, i.e. plan, action, observation, and reflection. The phases in CAR are conducted in 2 cycles. The subject of the study is 20 VIII D class students of SMP Kristen Citra Bangsa Kota Kupang. The collected data consists of students’ motivation and learning result test. The result of the study shows that there is an improvement on students’ motivation in the first cycle and the high criteria is improved to very high criteria in the end of the second cycle. The improvement is also occurred in students’ learning outcome and implementation whether it is from the students or the teacher. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bagaimana penerapan model pembelajaran Talking Chips dan Fan-N-Pick untuk meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa kelas VIII-D di SMP Kristen Citra Bangsa Kota Kupang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK. Penelitian ini terdiri atas empat tahap, yaitu tahap perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan/observasi dan refleksi. Tahapan dalam PTK ini dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Subjek dalam penelitian ini ialah siswa kelas VIII-D SMP Kristen Citra Bangsa Kupang yang berjumlah 20 orang. Data yang dikumpulkan dalam penelitian ini adalah motivasi siswa dan tes hasil belajar. Hasil penelitian menunjukan terjadinya peningkatan motivasi siswa pada siklus I dengan kriteria tinggi meningkat menjadi sangat tinggi pada akhir siklus II. Peningkatan juga terjadi pada hasil belajar siswa dan keterlaksanaan pembelajaran baik oleh guru dan siswa.

  15. Pengembangan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa (LAS Matematika Kelas X SMA Dengan Penerapan Variasi Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetty Natalia Sipayung

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui: (1 validitas Lembar Aktivitas Siswa (LAS matematika kelas X SMA yang dikembangkan dengan penerapan variasi model pembelajaran kooperatif; (2 efektivitas pembelajaran dengan menggunakan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa  matematika dengan menerapkan variasi model pembelajaran kooperatif. Adapun jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian dan pengembangan (Research and Development yang mengembangkan bahan ajar berupa Lembar Aktivitas Siswa. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah: (1 Lembar Aktivitas Siswa matematika kelas X SMA yang dikembangkan adalah valid dengan skor rata-rata dari validator adalah 4,56 atau 91,2%. Dikatakan valid artinya layak digunakan atau dipakai dalam pembelajaran matematika; (2 Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa matematika dengan menerapkan variasi model pembelajaran kooperatif adalah efektif. Hal tersebut dianalisis berdasarkan observasi aktivitas siswa, kemampuan guru dalam mengelola pembelajaran, dan hasil belajar siswa di kelas eksperimen dan di kelas kontrol. Siswa pada kelas eksperimen dibelajarkan dengan menggunakan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa (LAS dan menerapkan variasi model pembelajaran kooperatif yaitu tipe Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD, Numbered Head Together (NHT, Think Pair Share (TPS, dan Jigsaw pada kelas eksperimen. Sementara siswa pada kelas kontrol dibelajarkan tanpa menggunakan Lembar Aktivitas Siswa (LAS dan menerapkan pembelajaran konvensional. Kata Kunci: Lembar Aktivitas Siswa, Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif    Abstract. The objectives of the research are: (1 The validity of student’s Mathematic worksheet for tenth grade of senior high school using various cooperative leaning models; (2 The learning effectiveness of student’s Mathematic worksheet sheet using various cooperative learning. The method used is research and development that develops students’ Mathematic worksheet as teaching media. The research findings are as

  16. Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Penstimulasian Multiple Intelligences Siswa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edy Legowo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini membahas mengenai penerapan teori multiple intelligences dalam pembelajaran di sekolah. Pembahasan diawali dengan menguraikan perkembangan konsep inteligensi dan multiple intelligences. Diikuti dengan menjelaskan dampak teori multiple intelligences dalam bidang pendidikan dan pembelajaran di sekolah. Bagian selanjutnya menguraikan tentang implementasi teori multiple intelligences dalam praktik pembelajaran di kelas yaitu bagaimana pemberian pengalaman belajar siswa yang difasilitasi guru dapat menstimulasi multiple intelligences siswa. Evaluasi hasil belajar siswa dari pandangan penerapan teori multiple intelligences seharusnya dilakukan menggunakan authentic assessment dan portofolio yang lebih memfasilitasi para siswa mengungkapkan atau mengaktualisasikan hasil belajarnya melalui berbagai cara sesuai dengan kekuatan jenis inteligensinya.

  17. PERBEDAAN PENINGKATAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS PUISI DENGAN MODEL SINEKTIK DAN PROJECT BASED LEARNING BERDASARKAN TIPE KEPRIBADIAN PESERTA DIDIK KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvina -

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Keterampilan menulis puisi belum mendapatkan hasil yang optimal karena guru kurang memperhatikan model, media dan kepribadian setiap siswa mempengaruhi cara belajar. Karenanya, dibutuhkan model pembelajaran sinektik dan model Project Based Learning (PjBL. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1 menentukan peningkatan keterampilan menulis puisi model sinektik berdasarkan tipe kepribadian peserta didik kelas V sekolah dasar; (2 menentukan peningkatan keterampilan menulis puisi model PjBL berdasarkan tipe kepribadian peserta didik kelas V sekolah dasar; (3 menjelaskan interaksi keefektifan antara model sinektik dan PjBL untuk meningkatkan keterampilan menulis puisi berdasarkan tipe kepribadian kelas V peserta didik sekolah dasar.Metode penelitian ini adalah eksperimen.Teknik analisis data menggunakan anava dua jalur.Sampel penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V SDN Plalangan 01 dan SDN Bendan Ngisor.Pengumpulan data tes melalui keterampilan menulis puisi dan tes kepribadian introver dan ekstrover.Pengumpulan data nontes melalui observasi dan dokumentasi foto.Hasil penelitian perlakuan model sinektik berkepribadian ekstrover lebih tinggi daripada berkepribadian introver yaitu 23,74> 21,35. Sedangkan model PjBL berkepribadian ekstrover lebih tinggi daripada berkepribadian introver yaitu 19,22> 16,24. Keterampilan menulis puisi yang mendapatkan perlakuan model sinektik lebih efektif dari pada model PjBL yakni 22,61> 17,80.Saran penelitian ini adalah memperhatikan tipe kepribadian saat proses pembelajaran. Poetry writing skills have yet to get optimal results, because the teacher less model and affect the way each student learns. Therefore, learning model sinektik and model of Project Based Learning (PjBL. The purpose of this (1 determine the improvement of writing skills of poetry sinektik model based on personality types learners class V primary school; (2 determine the improvement of writing skills of poetry based on the execution model of personality types

  18. PENGARUH SERTIFIKASI GURU DALAM JABATAN MELALUI PENILAIAN PORTOFOLIO TERHADAP KINERJA GURU BERSERTIFIKAT DI SMA NEGERI KABUPATEN MAGELANG (KOMPENSASI SEBAGAI VARIABLE INTERVENING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P a r t o n o P a r t o n o

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Professional teachers are teachers who have passed the certification. The problem of this study is how much the influence of a teacher certification directly and indirectly as well as the influence of compensation on the performance of certified teachers in State High Schools in Magelang Regency. The objective of this study is to analyze the direct and indirect influences of teacher certification and compensation for the certified teachers’ performance  in High Schools in Magelang Regency. Population and sample were 85 certified teachers from 10 High Schools in Magelang District. Data was collected by questionnaire and documentation, whereas data analysis techniques was path analysis. From the research,  There is significant relationship between teacher certification in office through portfolio assessment of teacher performance SMA certified as Magelang regency, either directly or indirectly through compensation as an intervening variable. Suggestions in this study as follows (1 Teachers need to provide enrichment for students who excel. In addition, teachers also have to increase their creativity in providing activities to the achievement of students who have below average grade. (2 For further research, is expected to develop this research. With the review of certifications and other factors that may affect the performance of teachers.

  19. MANAJEMEN GURU DALAM PENUNTASAN WAJIB BELAJAR PENDIDIKAN DASAR Strategi Manajemen Guru Berorientasi Pemerataan Akses dan Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan Dasar di Kabupaten Kuningan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuswandy Achmad Marfu

    2017-06-01

    The Alternative of strategy proposed in this study, needs to be followed up in implementation stage, in order to recover the strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, the studies on the management of  the teacher in the basic education field is still available.

  20. PENGARUH PROFESIONALISME GURU, DISIPLIN KERJA DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI DI SMA NEGERI SE-KABUPATEN SRAGEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggun Retha Armani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to find out the influence of teacher performance, work discipline, and work environment on teacher performance at SMAN Sragen. The population and sample in this research was 36 economic teachers at SMAN Sragen. The subjects were selected by using census method technique. The methode that was used to data retrieval was questionnaire. Variable data was analyzed by descriptive statistic percentage and multiple regression analysis. Based on the result of descriptive analysis showed that economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen was very high, teacher professionalism was very high, work discipline was high and work environment was good. The result of this research statistically showed that the influence of teacher professionalism, work discipine, and work environment on economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen (37,8%. Teacher professionalism affected the economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen (19,6%. Work discipline affected the economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen (15,92% and work environment affected the economic teacher performance at SMAN Sragen (11,90%. The suggestions were offered that teachers should make efforts to improve their performance and are expected to create varied teaching methods in order to attract learners.

  1. PERAN KUALITAS KELEKATAN IBU-ANAK, GENDER ANAK DAN RASIO GURU-ANAK TERHADAP KUALITAS HUBUNGAN GURU-ANAK USIA PRASEKOLAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neti Hernawati

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available  This research was to examine the role of mother-child attachment quality, child’s gender, and teacher-child ratio on teacher-child relationship quality of preschool children. This study involved 151 mother and teacher couple of preschool aged children that was choosed by incidental sampling. Data was collected through interview, self report with questionnaire, and observation. Data was analyzed by descriptive and logistic regression analysis. Results of the study showed that mother-child attachment quality and child’s gender had significantly influences toward teacher-child relationship quality. Meanwhile, teacher-child ratio had not significant influences toward teacher-child relationship quality. Based on the results of the study, it was important for parents to establish a secure attachment quality as a foundation for children to develop a close relationship with their teacher. Child’s gender also was paid attention by teacher to create teacher-child relationship quality in closeness dimension. 

  2. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN NUMBERED HEAD TOGETHER (NHT PADA SISWA KELAS V SD NEGERI 75 UJUNGPERO KECAMATAN SABBANGPARU KABUPATEN WAJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyuddin Wahyuddin

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan hasil belajar matematika dengan penerapan pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Numbered Head Together siswa Kelas V SD Negeri 75 Ujungpero Kecamatan Sabbangparu Kabupaten Wajo. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (Classroom Action Research yang meliputi perencanaan, tindakan, observasi, dan refleksi yang selanjutnya tahap-tahap tersebut dirangkai pada siklus yang dilaksnakan pada siklus I dan siklus II. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V SD Negeri 75 Ujungpero Kecamatan Sabbangparu Kabupaten Wajo  Tahun ajaran 2015/2016 sebanyak 10 orang yang terdiri atas 7 perempuan dan 3 laki-laki, jenis data yang digunakan adalah data kuantitatif dan data kualitatif yang terdiri dari : hasil belajar dan angket observasi yang dikumpulkan dengan cara pemberian tes kepada siswa dan data tentang situasi pembelajaran saat pelaksanaan tindakan diperoleh melalui format observasi dengan teknik analisis data kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran kooperatif tipe NHT cocok diterapkan pada siswa kelas V SD Negeri 75 Ujungpero Kecamatan Sabbangparu Kabupaten Wajo. Hal tersebut dapat dilihat dari meningkatnya hasil belajar siswa setelah diadakan pengembangan pembelajaran kooperatif tipe NHT, Hasil belajar yang diperoleh dari tes akhir siklus, pada akhir siklus I dengan skor rata-rata 64,50 dari skor ideal 100 dengan standar deviasi 14,03, sedangkan pada akhir siklus II dengan skor rata-rata 80 dari skor ideal 100 dengan standar deviasi 9,13, dan terjadi perubahan sikap siswa selama proses pembelajaran sesuai dengan hasil observasi yaitu dengan adanya penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe NHT dapat meningkatkan rasa percaya diri siswa untuk bertanya baik kepada guru maupun kepada temannya tentang materi yang tidak dimengerti serta dapat meningkatkan kehadiran siswa.

  3. UPAYA PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TEAM GAMES TOURNAMENT (Materi Permintaan, Penawaraan Dan Terbentuknya Harga Pasar

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    Rut Ervianna Kurnia Sari

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Guru merupakan unsur yang sangat penting di dalam proses pembelajaran.Namun, dalam proses pembelajaran di sekolah masih ditemukan beberapa kendala, salah satunya adalah penyampaian materi hanya berlangsung satu arah. Untuk itu diperlukan suatu model pembelajaran yang bisa menolong siswa untuk terlibat aktif dan dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa, salah satunya adalah model pembelajaran Team Games Tournament. Tujuannya untuk mengetahui model pembelajaran kooperatif Team Game Tournament pada materi pokok Permintaan, Penawaran, dan Terbentuknya harga Pasar lebih efektif untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar pada siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 26 Semarang. Penelitian ini adalah Penelitian eksperimen dengan pola randomized control group pretest-posttest. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui penggunaan model pembelajaran Team Games Tournament lebih efektif daripada model pembelajaran konvensional khususnya materi pokok Permintaan, Penawaran, dan Terbentuknya harga Pasar. Hal ini dapat dibuktikan dari nilai post test untuk kelas eksperimen sebesar 76,77 dan kelas kontrol sebesar 73,00. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa kelas eksperimen nilainya lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelas kontrol sebesar 83,87 % peningkatannya. � Teacher is a very important element in the learning process. However, during the process of learning implemented in school there are some problems are found, such as a delivery of material takes place only in one direction. Therefore, It is required a learning model that can help students to engage actively and to improve student achievement, such as a model of learning Team Games Tournament. This research is aimed to find out cooperative learning model Team Games Tournament in the subject matter of Demand, Supply, and the Formation of market prices is more effective in improving student achievement in classes VIII students of SMP Negeri 26 Semarang. This study is a research experiment with patterns of randomized control group pretest-posttest. From the

  4. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH YANG BERMUATAN NILAI-NILAI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS CERPEN PADA KELAS VIII SMP

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    Aditya Dwi Haryawan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Menulis merupakan suatu keterampilan yang harus dimiliki peserta didik sekolah menengah pertama. Melaluitulisan, peserta didik dapat menyampaikan pengalaman, pikiran, perasaan, atau keinginan. Masalah penelitianini adalah (1 bagaimanakah kebutuhan pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang bermuatannilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen berdasarkan persepsi guru dan pesertadidik kelas VIII SMP?; (2 bagaimanakah prinsip-prinsip pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalahyang bermuatan nilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen pada peserta didik kelasVIII SMP? (3 bagaimanakah pengembangan prototipe model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang bermuatannilai-nilai pendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen pada kelas VIII SMP?; (4 bagaimanakahkeberterimaan penerapan pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang bermuatan nilai-nilaipendidikan karakter dalam pembelajaran menulis cerpen pada kelas VIII SMP. Dalam penelitian ini digunakandesain Research and Development. Tahapan yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi pustaka, analisiskebutuhan, pengembangan model yang dikembangkan, uji validasi, revisi, implementasi, revisi akhir,pengembangan model/produk akhir. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, angket, wawancara, tes,dan dokumentasi foto. Writing is a skill that must be owned by middle school students. Through writing, students canconvey experiences, thoughts, feelings, or desires. The research problem is (1 How can the needsof the development of PBL model that charged the values of character education in learning towrite short stories on the perceptions of teachers and students of class VIII?; (2 How do thecharacteristics of the development of PBL model value-laden -the value of character education inlearning to write short stories at the high school of learner assessment system class?; (3 How isthe development of a prototype model of PBL  charged

  5. MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MODEL MAKE A MATCH PADA MATA PELAJARAN PKN DI KELAS V SDN KARYAWANGI 2

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    Sediasih Sediasih

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran pendidikan kewarganegaraan (PKn di SDN karyawangi 2 selama ini masih rendah. Model pembelajaran yang digunakan selama ini  masih menggunakan model konvensional dan hanya guru sebagai pusat pembelajaran. Tujuan dari penelitian perbaikan pembelajaran ini untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa tentang materi menjaga keutuhan negara Indonesia dengan menggunakan model make a match. Penelitian dilaksanakan dalam tiga siklus perbaikan pada menjaga keutuhan, dimana masing-masing siklus terdiri dari empat tahapan yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi dan refleksi. Sebagai subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas V sebanyak 30 siswa. Dalam pengumpulan data, metode yang digunakan sebagai metode pokok adalah tes tertulis. Hasil belajar dapat menunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran menjaga keutuhan negara Indonesia mengalami peningkatan. Metode penelitian ini dengan menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas. Dari hasil dapat disimpulkan bila penggunaan model make a match dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada materi menjaga keutuhan negara indonesia pada mata pelajaran pendidikan kewarganegaraan di kelas 5 SDN Karyawangi 2. Kata Kunci: hasil belajar, make a match, pendidikan kewarganegaraan.    Abstact. The outcomes learning of student learning on civic education subjects (Civics SDN karyawangi 2 for this is still low. The learning model is used for this are still using the conventional model and only teachers as a learning center. The purpose of this research study improvements to improve student learning outcomes of the material safeguarding the national integrity Indonesia using models make a match. Research carried out in three cycles of improvement in maintaining the integrity, in which each cycle consists of four phases: planning, implementation, observation and reflection. As research subjects are students of class V as many as 30 students. In collecting the data, the methods used as the principal method

  6. An Improved Global Flood Forecasting System Using Satellite Rainfall Information and a Hydrological Model (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adler, R. F.; Wu, H.; Tian, Y.

    2013-12-01

    A real-time experimental system to estimate and forecast floods over the globe, the Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS), has been significantly improved to provide flood detection, streamflow and inundation mapping information at higher resolution (as fine as 1 km) and nowcasts and forecasts (out to five days). Images and output data are available for use by the community with updates available every three hours (http://flood.umd.edu). The system uses satellite-based rainfall information, currently the TRMM Multi-satellite Precipitation Analysis [TMPA]), other satellite and conventional information and a newly-developed hydrological and routing combination model. The improved combined model, the Dominant river Routing Integrated with VIC Environment (DRIVE) system, is based on the VIC (Variable Infiltration Capacity) land surface model (U. of Washington) and the Dominant River Tracing Routing (DRTR) method. Within the DRIVE system the surface hydrological calculations are carried out at 0.125° latitude-longitude resolution with routing, streamflow and other calculations done at that resolution and at 1km resolution. Flood detection and intensity estimates are based on water depth and streamflow thresholds calculated from a 15-year retrospective run using the satellite rainfall and model. This period is also used for testing and evaluation with results indicating improved streamflow estimation and flood detection statistics. The satellite rainfall data are integrated with global model NASA GEOS-5 Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) rainfall predictions (adjusted to the satellite data) to extend the flood calculations out to five days. Examples of results for recent flood events are presented along with validation statistics and comparison with other flood observations (e.g., inundation calculations vs. MODIS and/or SAR flood maps). The outlook for further development in this area in terms of increased utility for national and international disaster management

  7. Keefektifan Model CIRC Berbasis Joyful Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis Siswa SMP

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    Rian Triastuti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah implementasi model pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning efektif terhadap kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa pada materi Teorema Pythagoras. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode dokumen-tasi, tes, dan observasi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa siswa pada kelas eksperimen telah mencapai ketuntasan klasikal. Hasil uji perbedaan dua rata-rata menun-jukkan bahwa rata-rata hasil tes kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas eksperimen lebih dari rata-rata hasil tes kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas kontrol. Berdasar-kan hasil tersebut dapat diketahui bahwa rata-rata kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas eksperimen lebih baik daripada rata-rata kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa kelas kontrol. Hasil observasi menunjukkan bahwa persentase keaktifan siswa dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning lebih tinggi daripada persentase keaktifan siswa pada pembelajaran ekspositori, dan aktivitas guru dalam mengelola pembelajaran CIRC berbasis Joyfull Learning mencapai kriteria sangat baik. Kata kunci:       CIRC; Joyfull Learning; Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis.  AbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine whether the implementation of the CIRC based Joyful Learning models effective against student’s mathematical reasoning skills on the material Pythagorean Theorem. The population in this study is the eighth grade students of Junior High School of 1 Tlogowungu. Based on the results of the study showed that students in the experimental class have reached the classical completeness. The test results mean the difference of two shows that the average test results of mathematical reasoning skills experimental class students more than the average test results of student’s mathematical reasoning skills control class. Based on these results it can be seen that the average of student’s mathematical reasoning skills experimental

  8. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN OUTDOOR MATHEMATICS DALAM GROUP INVESTIGATION BERMUATAN KARAKTER UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Rahmawan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian berfokus pada implementasi pembelajaran model outdoor mathematics dalam group investigation bermuatan karakter untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mendapatkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid kemudian diperoleh pembelajaran yang praktis dan efektif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan model four-D. Perangkat yang dikembangkan meliputi: Silabus, RPP, Buku Ajar Siswa (BAS, Lembar Kegiatan Siswa (LKS, dan Tes Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah (TKPM. Penelitian dilakukan pada siswa kelas X SMA Kesatrian 2 Semarang. Klasifikasi perangkat yang dikembangkan tergolong valid. Respon positif siswa berminat mengikuti pembelajaran 94,74% dan guru memberi komentar sangat baik, sehingga perangkat pembelajaran praktis untuk digunakan. Hal ini berakibat keterampilan kooperatif dan sikap belajar siswa lebih baik, karena kedua variabel tersebut secara bersama memberikan pengaruh sebesar 73,2% terhadap TKPM siswa. Proporsi siswa yang mencapai KKM lebih dari 75 sehingga tuntas secara klasikal serta hasil KPM siswa pada pembelajaran kooperatif berbasis pemecahan masalah lebih baik dibanding KPM siswa pada pembelajaran konvensional. Dengan demikian pembelajaran efektif.The study focuses on the implementation of model outdoor math in group investigation includes characteristic to improve the skill of problem solving. The purpose of this study was obtain a valid learning device then practical and effective learning was gained. This research is the development of the four-D models. The developed instrumen includes: Syllabus, Lesson Plan, Student Test Book, Worksheet, and Problem Solving Skill Test. The experiment is undertaken to the X graders students of Kesatrian 2 Senior High School Semarang. Classification of devices developed quite valid. The positive response of students interested in learning to follow and 94.74% and the teacher give the good comment so the  instrumen was practical to use

  9. PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE “THINK-PAIR-SHARE” UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS 1 SDN 1 JOSARI KEC. JETIS KAB. PONOROGO TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno Setyo Widati

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstraksi Dalam rangka peningkatan mutu pendidikan dan pengajaran dalam menyampaikan materi pelajaran agar diperoleh peningkatan prestasi belajar, salah satunya dengan pembelajaraan kooperatif dengan pendekatan struktural,”Think-pair-share”. Strategi ini menantang asumsi bahwa seluruh resitasi dan diskusi perlu dilakukan di dalam seting seluruh kelompok. Think-Pair-Shere memiliki prosedur yang ditetapkan secara eksplisit untuk memberi siswa waktu lebih banyak untuk berfikir, menjawab, dan saling membantu satu sama lain. Berdasarkan hal tersebut rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini sebagai berikut: adakah peningkatan kemampuan melakukan penjumlahan dan pengurangan bilangan sampai 20 dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe ”Think-Pair-Share”  pada siswa kelas 1 SD Negeri 1 Josari Kecamatan Jetis Kabupaten Ponorogo Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kuantitatif, dengan jenis penelitian tindakan. Dalam penelitian ini peneliti  berkolaborasi dengan guru lain serta dengan kepala sekolah. Peneliti terlibat langsung dalam penelitian mulai dari awal sampai penelitian berakhir. Peneliti berusaha melihat, mengamati, merasakan, menghayati, merefleksi dan mengevaluasi kegiatan pembelajaran yang berlangsung. Tahap-tahap pelaksanaan penelitian tindakan terdiri dari perencanaan (planning, pelaksanaan (acting, observasi (obseving, dan refleksi (relecting. Untuk mendapatkan hasil penelitian yang akurat maka data yang telah terkumpul dianalisis secara statistik yaitu mengunakan rumus mean atau rata-rata. Mengacu pada hipotesis tindakan yang diajukan dalam penelitian tindakan kelas ini maka dapat disimpulkan ada peningkatan kemampuan melakukan penjumlahan dan pengurangan bilangan sampai 20 dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe ”Think-Pair-Share”  pada siswa kelas 1 SD Negeri 1 Josari Kecamatan Jetis Kabupaten Ponorogo Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013. Kata Kunci : Prestasi Belajar Matematika

  10. Investigating Sensitivity to Saharan Dust in Tropical Cyclone Formation Using Nasa's Adjoint Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdaway, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    As tropical cyclones develop from easterly waves coming of the coast of Africa they interact with dust from the Sahara desert. There is a long standing debate over whether this dust inhibits or advances the developing storm and how much influence it has. Dust can surround the storm and absorb incoming solar radiation, cooling the air below. As a result an energy source for the system is potentially diminished, inhibiting growth of the storm. Alternatively dust may interact with clouds through micro-physical processes, for example by causing more moisture to condense, potentially increasing the strength. As a result of climate change, concentrations and amount of dust in the atmosphere will likely change. It it is important to properly understand its effect on tropical storm formation. The adjoint of an atmospheric general circulation model provides a very powerful tool for investigating sensitivity to initial conditions. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has recently developed an adjoint version of the Goddard Earth Observing System version 5 (GEOS-5) dynamical core, convection scheme, cloud model and radiation schemes. This is extended so that the interaction between dust and radiation is also accounted for in the adjoint model. This provides a framework for examining the sensitivity to dust in the initial conditions. Specifically the set up allows for an investigation into the extent to which dust affects cyclone strength through absorption of radiation. In this work we investigate the validity of using an adjoint model for examining sensitivity to dust in hurricane formation. We present sensitivity results for a number of systems that developed during the Atlantic hurricane season of 2006. During this period there was a significant outbreak of Saharan dust and it is has been argued that this outbreak was responsible for the relatively calm season. This period was also covered by an extensive observation campaign. It is shown that the

  11. Model of Religious Study and Moral Values in TK Putra Harapan Nalumsari Jepara

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    Mubasyaroh Mubasyaroh

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Religious and moral education from an early age so needs to be invested for the child, so that in the future they will have a strong and deep understanding of the norms and teachings of Islam. Age children early childhood and kindergarten (TK is a time to play, so education is implemented particularly religious education should be designed properly by the teacher so that the education process into an active and fun activities. Kindergarten (TK Putra Harapan Nalumsari Jepara is one of the educational institutions that provide education for early childhood, with one lesson material is a moral and religious education. Moral education is one of the materials is very important because in load values, morals and religion, so this will be a guide for students in later life. The research method used is descriptive qualitative research to describe in detail the subjects and issues to be studied. The findings in this study is the cultivation of religious values and morals for children Kindergarten revolves around the activities of daily life. In particular cultivation of religious values with laying the foundations of the faith, personality or character that is commendable and devotional practices, in accordance with the child's ability is implemented. As one of the early childhood education institutions, in conducting the study, have several models of delivery Edutainment, habituation and uswah hasanah as a reference implementation of teaching and learning. Pendidikan agama dan moral sejak usia dini perlu ditanamkan bagi anak, sehingga di masa depan mereka akan memiliki pemahaman yang kuat dan mendalam dari norma-norma dan ajaran Islam. Usia anak-anak usia dini dan taman kanak-kanak (TK adalah waktu untuk bermain, sehingga pendidikan diimplementasikan khususnya pendidikan agama harus dirancang dengan baik oleh guru sehingga proses pendidikan menjadi kegiatan yang aktif dan menyenangkan. TK (TK Putra Harapan Nalumsari Jepara merupakan salah satu lembaga

  12. Dampak Pornografi Terhadap Perilaku Siswa dan Upaya Guru Pembimbing untuk Mengatasinya

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    Mulya Hariyani

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Easily access movies / videos porno allows teens / students freely watch, causing a tendency for teens / students to watch porn movies over and over - again. This leads to difficulty concentrating in learning, resulting in lower student learning outcomes. This study aims to reveal how the effects of pornography on adolescent sexual behavior / student. This study used a descriptive approach. The results showed that the impact of pornography on sexual behavior so students, in this case the tutor is not optimal (low in the prevention efforts so that students are not accessing pornography

  13. Kerjasama Guru Bimbingan dan Konseling dengan Orangtua dalam Pengentasan Masalah Siswa Menonton Video Porno

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    Hotnarida Witasari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research shows that, Padangsidimpuan Public Senior High School 3 students’ behavior of watching porn video occured during teaching and learning process, during break time and when they getting bored with the routine activities. The media they use to watch porn video is handphone and Laptop. The problems found  are parents prefer hide the problem, the lackness of facility given by the headmaster, and the lackness of parents’ understanding on the importance of this cooperation.

  14. Gija Kantšeli kui kontrastide guru / Igor Garšnek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garšnek, Igor, 1958-

    2010-01-01

    Gruusia nüüdishelilooja Gija Kantšeli 75. sünnipäeva tähistamisest Eestis - EMTA kammersaalis 11. novembril toimunud avalikust kohtumisest ja vestlusringist ning 12, novembril toimunud autoriõhtust Estonia kontserdisaalis, kus esines ERSO Andres MUstoneni dirigeerimisel

  15. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PRESTASI BELAJAR DAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN MATEMATIKA PADA MAHASISWA CALON GURU SD/MI

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    Ifada Novikasari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Mathematics anxiety has been recognized as a feeling depressed and anxious when it deals with the manipulation of numbers and mathematical problem solving in the real life and the academic situations. The anxiety tend to occur in someone with low mathematical ability. That is, individuals with low mathematics anxiety more comfort to solve the problem than someone who has high anxiety. It is interesting to examine, because it will be proved whether there is a relationship between learning achievement and mathematics anxiety

  16. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PRESTASI BELAJAR DAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN MATEMATIKA PADA MAHASISWA CALON GURU SD/MI

    OpenAIRE

    Ifada Novikasari

    2017-01-01

    Mathematics anxiety has been recognized as a feeling depressed and anxious when it deals with the manipulation of numbers and mathematical problem solving in the real life and the academic situations. The anxiety tend to occur in someone with low mathematical ability. That is, individuals with low mathematics anxiety more comfort to solve the problem than someone who has high anxiety. It is interesting to examine, because it will be proved whether there is a relationship between learning achi...

  17. PERILAKU KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM PENINGKATAN PARTISIPASI KERJA GURU DI SDN WATUKARUNG PRINGKUKU PACITAN

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    Teguh Teguh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Teachers who can help the leadership task optimally, it needs a leader who is able to direct and adjust the behavior of subordinates to achieve organizational goals to the fullest. This is a qualitative research, and an ethnographic design. Object of research are teachers of Watukarung elementary school. Interviewees in this study include the principal and teachers of Watukarung elementary school. Data collection are observations, interviews, and documentations. Validity data tested by triangulation. Site analysis Data. The results showed that: (1 the principal Watukarung elementary school in an effort to increase labor participation of teachers use a variety of styles in his leadership; (2 the principal Watukarung elementary school in an effort to increase labor force participation by using a democratic leadership style, discretionary, charismatic, participative and sometimes militaristic, it can be determined strategies undertaken; and (3 the principal of Watukarung elementary school in an effort increase in labor participation received very good response from teachers, school employees and even all citizens, it is because the principal made in accordance with desired by subordinates.

  18. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU TAMAN KANAK-KANAK KOTA SEMARANG DALAM MEMBUAT ALAT BERMAIN SAINS DARI LIMBAH

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    Dwi Yulianti

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This community service activity purposes to growth teacher competence tool of play science (ABS for kindergaten education. The method are training and workshop including lectures, demonstration method and peer teaching.The ABS was made are colourful plaited mat, gravitation, measuring out, magnetic and sound etc. After that there is an increasing the quantity of tool in each school. Also an increasing teacher competence to made science tool of play (ABS. The peer teaching show that the resul learning cognitif, afective and phycomotoric increse sicnificantly.

  19. Shelly Spiro: a pharmacy technology guru ASCP president 2009-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Marlene Z

    2009-10-01

    Rachelle "Shelly" Spiro, RPh, FASCP, incoming president of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP), believes sharing information electronically will greatly benefit pharmacy practice. In recent years she has been an expert in health care technology, helping establish standards for reporting health care data on outcomes, reimbursement, and electronic medical records--all areas that affect consultant pharmacists. One of her goals as president is to help mentor potential leaders by having a grassroots campaign to reach out to students in schools of pharmacy. In addition, she wants ASCP's leadership to move to a more regional structure and get members more involved locally at state levels.

  20. Pengaruh Kinerja Mengajar Guru, Keterlibatan Orang Tua, Aktualisasi Diri Terhadap Motivasi Berprestasi

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    Dwi Junianto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of teacher’s teaching performance, parents’ involvement, and self-actualization to the XII grade students’ achievement motivation of light vehicle subject in SMK of Gunung Kidul regency. This study is a quantitative study using ex post facto design. The population of the study was 535 students with 237 samples chosen using proportional random sampling. The data collection technique was questionnaires. The data from the study was analyzed by regression analysis. The result of the study showed that there was significant effect of teachers’ teaching performance, parents’ involvement and self-actualization that were 0,160, 135, and 0,304 respectively.

  1. PENGARUH PENGALAMAN MENGAJAR, IKLIM KERJA DAN KOMPENSASI TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU DI SMK KRISTEN SALATIGA

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    Zuhdan Kamal Abdillah

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Professional competence of teacher is contribute to ongoing learning in the classrom, teacher are required to have extensive knowledge of the subject areas to be taught. Problems in this research based that lack sufficient professional competence of teachers in Kristen Vocational Higs School of Salatiga such as low use of media and process of extending material deemed not optimal. This research aims to determinate is there any effect of teaching experience, work climate and compensation to the professional competence of teachers. This research uses quantitive methods. The population in this research were teachers in Kristen Vocational High School of Salatiga as many as 30 teachers. This research a population research, so all the population used as responder. The technique of collecting data using questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, a classic assumption test and hypothesis test using SPSS for windows release 17. The significance of the test equation as calculated from the F test was 29, 476 with significance 0,00<0,05, while the results of multiple linear regression analysis with equation Y = 17,773 + 0,677X1 + 0,393X2 + 0,454X3 + e. Partially (r2 teaching experiences influential 22,3%, work climate 17,5% and compensation 15,4%. Simultaneously (R2 teaching experience, work climate and compensation and influential on the professional competence of 23,5%.

  2. Dampak Pornografi Terhadap Perilaku Siswa dan Upaya Guru Pembimbing untuk Mengatasinya

    OpenAIRE

    Mulya Hariyani; Mudjiran Mudjiran; Yarmis Syukur

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Easily access movies / videos porno allows teens / students freely watch, causing a tendency for teens / students to watch porn movies over and over - again. This leads to difficulty concentrating in learning, resulting in lower student learning outcomes. This study aims to reveal how the effects of pornography on adolescent sexual behavior / student. This study used a descriptive approach. The results showed that the impact of pornography on sexual behavior so students, in this case...

  3. Variasi Sintaksis Bahasa Inggris Para Guru Bahasa Inggris di Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat

    OpenAIRE

    Sri Imelwaty S.S., M.Pd., PhD; Yendra M.Hum; Wahyudi Rahmat, M.Hum

    2017-01-01

    English has become a language spread all over the world. The sociolinguistic facts show that various variations of English arise due to local language and cultural contact. In the context of English language learning in a country that uses English as a foreign language, it is still believed that English teachers in schools teach standard English namely British Received Pronunciation and Standard American English. However, this condition needs to be questioned whether the English teachers actu...

  4. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN PENGALAMAN DIKLAT TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU

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    Antiek Yurnaningsih

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of� this research is to determine the level of� influence between headmaster leader- ship and trainning experience on proffesional competance in senior high school economics/ accountancy teachers Kudus ditrict simultaneously and partially. Populations that used in this research is all of� the economics/accountancy teachers in senior high school Kudus dis- trict (51 people. Methods of� data collection are documentation, questionnaire, and interview. Methods of� data analysis is descriptive and hypothesis testing using multiple linear regression analysis. Headmaster leadership and trainning experience simultaneously affect the proffe- sional competance (40,7%, headmaster leadership partially affect the proffesional competance (17,22% and partially affected the trainning experience of� teacher�s proffesional competance (32,26%.

  5. PELATIHAN PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS WEB BAGI GURU SMP DAN SMA MUHAMMADIYAH KARTASURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Supriyono

    2015-09-01

    of the teachers by conducting fundamental web development training. Firstly, a webbased volley ball learning media had been developed by using HTML5. The application has some useful features such as theoretical preview of volley ball and its technique including visualisation using graph, picture and video. Secondly, in the web development training session, a content management system (CMS Wordpress was used as a paltform so that participants did not need to develop web from scratch. The post-tes quesionnaire results showed that all participants have knowledge and skill to use a web-based volley ball learning media and also they have acquired basic skill in web development.

  6. UPAYA GURU SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN (SMK DALAM MENINGKATKAN MINAT BERWIRAUSAHA SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Perwita

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Teachers play an important role in conducting entrepreneurship development to students. Teachers as facilitators and motivators play an important role in fostering student entrepreneurship interest. Entrepreneurship coaching has the purpose of improving students' intentions for entrepreneurship. The more students graduated from Vocational High School with entrepreneurship, the more job opportunities created. Unemployment problems that occur in Indonesia can also be reduced so as to improve people's lives. The emergence of new entrepreneurs is expected to increase economic growth in Indonesia. Entrepreneurship coaching also aims to balance theory and practice in learning. So the theory obtained at school can be immediately put into practice. In the context of broader benefits, entrepreneurship development is expected to increase economic growth and further reduce the educated unemployment rate of graduates of Vocational High School.

  7. ANALISIS META PADA MANAJEMEN PASCA PELATIHAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS GURU DI SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Sudana

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Post in-service training programs of teachers have never been evaluated to investigate their effectiveness and productivity. Some factors are indicated to affect unmeasured productivity of the program: (1 there is no a clear procedure in evaluating productity of in-service training program, (2 there is no standardized procedures to evaluate teacher performance, (3 a complex teachers' background make evaluation instrument is difficult to be developed, (4 trainings have not been based on teachers needs, (5 training content could not be implemented, and (6 monotonous methode were usually employed. However, this research investigated seven advantages: (1 School productivity is improved, (2 relationship between management and staff is in harmony, (3 a faster  decision making is achieved, (4 a high commitment and motivation for school community, (5 to push more open management through implementation of participative managerial, (6 more effective communication, and (7 a functional conflict resolution. The advantages for teacher: (1 help teacher to make a better decision making, (2 to help teacher to solve problems, (3 motivational factors are internalized and operationalized, (4 to develop teacher to improve performance, (5 to help teacher to be a self confidence teacher, (6 to help teacher to acquire intellectual and technical ability, (7 to improve teacher's work satisfaction, (8 more   recognition on individual performance, (9 more independent teachers, and (10 lessen teacher's anxious toface future. Kata Kunci: Strategi manajemen, pascapelatihan, produktivitas.

  8. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI GURU PADA SMP NEGERI 2 SIMEULUE TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Purwanti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master leadership has an important role in improving teacher’s competence. The purpose of this study is to know the program of the school headmaster in improving the teacher’s competence, the strategy and the policy of head master in improving the competence of teachers. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. The data were collected from interviews, observations, and documentations. The subject of the study were the school head master, vice of the school head master, senior teacher, chairman of MGMPs, and teachers. The results show that (1 the school head master program is structured as a reference to enhance the competence of teachers, which is implemented on the teachers empowerment. The empowerment of the teachers program is implemented through engaging the teachers as decision maker and training them to be responsible for the school development through formulating program by teachers and school staffs. (2 the the principal strategy to improve the competence of teachers conducted through some efforts such as training the teachers and skill for the teachers, giving motivation and guiding discipline education. (3the policy of the school head master in improving the teachers competence being carried out was by involving the teachers in arranging vision and mission, the school target, formulate the school curriculum. The school head master give the opportunity to the teachers to be actively participate, open minded, and cooperate in reaching the school vision.

  9. Proses Identifikasi: Mengenal Anak Kesulitan Belajar Tipe Disleksia Bagi Guru Sekolah Dasar Inklusi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Hidayati Rofiah

    2015-06-01

    This paper also argues that in the case of dyslexia,early intervention will minimize children’s social and emotional challenges. At the elementary school level the psychological challenges can include low self-esteem, feelings of incompetence, and powerlessness which will easily lead a student with dyslexia to be the object of peer bullying. The absence of proper identification and assessment also often leads teachers and parents to misdiagnose dyslexic children as those with mental disabilities.

  10. Upaya Guru Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Mencegah Perilaku Bullying di SMA Negeri Se Kota Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riri Yunika

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bullying is a behavior consciously done by someone to abuse and hurt others. Ideally, the guidance and counseling teachers (BK teachersare demanded to give attentions in preventing bullying behavior. However, in fact, the BK teachers have not plan special programs yet to prevent the bullying behavior among students in school. This research aims to describe the understanding of BK teachers about the concept of bullying behavior. Then, it aims to describe the treatment of the BK given by the teachers to the students. Finally, it aims to describe the cooperation among the BK teachers within the school. This research is kind of descriptive research. The population of this research is all of the BK teachers of SMA Negeri (State school for secondary education in Padang. Sample is taken by using area sampling and simple random sampling techniques. Generally, the result implicates that the BK teachers have done preventing efforts toward bullying behavior among students in the school. Thus, the teachers should increase the understanding in reference to bullying behavior among students to prevent the behavior in school.

  11. BUDAYA ORGANISASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA SMA NEGERI 1 SIMEULUE TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurman Jurman

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available One of influencing factors in improving the teachers performance is organization culture. This study aims to know the discipline training pattern, the assumption of the importance of organization culture in improving the teachers performance and motivation, and inhibiting factors in improving the teachers performance at SMAN 1 East Simeulue of Simeulue sub-district. This study is qualitative descriptive approach. The technique of the data collection were through observations, interviews, and documentation. The subjects of the study were head master of the school, teachers, and school committee. The analysis of the research shows that (1 Fostering discipline in improving the teacher performance at SMAN 1 East Simeulue is by referring to the decided rules, whether both statutory regulations and school rules. The discipline approach was being conducted gradually started from decided job description, conducted persuasive approach, supervised the teaching-learning process, and guiding the teachers’ task, and giving impose sanctions in accordance with the offense level. (2 A system of giving motivation to the teachers in improving their performance is being conducted through giving the unbinding, good service, career promotion, training opportunities, providing services on safety and convenience of the teacher task . (3 The inhibiting factor in improving the teacher performance is the lack of the school rule socialization, lack of coordination , in effective communication amongst personnel, and lack of involvement of the school committee in deciding the school policy.

  12. Analisis Pemanfaatan Dana Pensiun terhadap Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Hidup Pns Pensiunan Guru Kota Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Tanjung, Muhammad Fahmi; Pratomo, Wahyu Ario

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to analyze the use of pension funds for the substistence like needs for food, clothing, housing, health needs and their families and family needs. In this study, the data used are primary data by giving questionnaires to 50 respondents retired teacher in Medan. Respondents' answers will be used to answer whether pension funds can fulfill the needs life of PNS retired teacher in Medan. The analysis used is descriptive qualitative analysis. Data analysis techniques using data ta...

  13. IbM PENYUSUNAN PENILAIAN AUTENTIK BAGI GURU SEKOLAH DI PONPES DARUL FIKRI BAWEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Siswanto

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Low motivation of teachers in implementing authentic assessment becomes the basis for IbM team to carry out extension activities. Authentic assessment has actually been around a long time, but this issue arose when the curriculum was launched in 2013. During this time, most of the teachers at school in the field only make an assessment test course, not many people touched assessment tests that are written. Through activities of IbM Authentic Assessment Preparation Training for Teachers of Pesantren Darul Fikri Bawen, participants are expected to conduct a written assessment, performance assessment, product assessment projects, portfolio assessment, and manage the mark using computer-based process. Prior to socialization, teachers must first take pretest and post test. Pre test shows an average score of 89.65 while the average of post-test scores shows 97.6. During the activities, the participants felt helped and gave a positive response to organized similar activities. Keywords: Preparation, Assessment Authentic, Darul Fikri Boarding School Teacher

  14. PROFESIONALITAS GURU MENURUT M. QURAISH SHIHAB DALAM TAFSIR AL-MISHBAH

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    Amiruddin Siahaan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Teacher’s Professionalism in M. Quraish Shihab’s Tafsir al-Mishbah. This study aims to reveal Quranic verses related to teacher’s professionalism. The verses are interpreted through Tafsir al-Mishbah the works of M. Quraish Shihab. This research is a library research and categorise as qualitative research. The method use is thematic method (maudhû‘i which collecting the verses of al-Qur’an that tell about the teacher’s professionalism. Then to uncover the meanings and symbols use in the verses of al-Qur’an which formulate the teachers’ profesionalisms, the authors use linguistics, semiotics, hermeneutics and psychology approaches. The result of the research showed that the formation of the teachers’ professionalism in Tafsir al-Mishbah concept can be done through, building teachers’ profesionalism competencies based on Islamic values, creating conducive learning and Islamic values characteristics, creating effective learning with Islamic characteristics, and supporting the purposes of national education with development of teachers’ profesionalism competencies.

  15. Dampak Keterampilan Dasar Mengajar Guru Ekonomi Akuntansi terhadap Motivasi Belajar Siswa Smk di Kota Pekanbaru

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    Johan, Rina Selva; ', Hendripides

    2016-01-01

    The basic skills in teaching is a very important component because a teacher willknow the condition of their students and do actions that can make students moreenthusiasm in learning. The purpose of this research was determine impact thebasic skills of Economic-Accounting's teacher for student's motivation and howmuch impact the basic skills of Economic-Accounting teachers to vocationalstudent's motivation in Pekanbaru city. The benefits of this research is to improvethe quality of learning f...

  16. PROFIL PENILAIAN OTENTIK PADA PERKULIAHAN IPA DI PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN GURU SEKOLAH DASAR FKIP UNIVERSITAS PASUNDAN

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    Ida Yayu N Hazqiyah

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Penilaian otentik merupakan suatu proses pengumpulan berbagai data yang bisa memberikan gambaran meyeluruh tentang perkembangan peserta didik yang mencakup ranah kognitif, afektif dan psikomotor. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana penerapan penilaian otentik pada perkuliahan IPA di Prodi PGSD FKIP UNPAS. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Partisipan dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa pada Prodi PGSD FKIP UNPAS. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa angket persepsi mahasiswa, lembar observasi, serta pedoman wawancara. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan direncanakan akan menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan penilaian otentik pada perkuliahan IPA di Prodi PGSD FKIP Unpas sudah diterapkan walaupun belum berjalan secara optimal. Sedangkan respon mahasiswa terhadap penerapan penilaian otentik pada perkuliahan menunjukkan hasil yang positif.  Kata kunci: Penilaian Otentik, Perkuliahan IPA   Abstract. Authentic assessment is a process of collecting the various of data that can provide a comprehensive the development of learners that includes the cognitive, affective and psychomotor skills. This study aims to find out how to applicate of authentic assessment on science lectures in major PGSD FKIP Unpas. This research is a qualitative descriptive research. Participants in this study were students at the major PGSD FKIP Unpas. The instruments used were student perception questionnaires, observation sheets, and interview guidelines. Data analysis techniques used are planned to use descriptive analysis. The results showed that the application of authentic assessment on science lecture in major PGSD FKIP Unpas has been applied although not yet optimally. While the student response to the application of authentic assessment on lectures showed positive results.  Keywords: Authentic Assessment, Science Lecture

  17. PROFIL KETERAMPILAN PSIKOMOTOR MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI MELALUI PRAKTIKUM KULTIVASI MIKROORGANISME

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    Rida Oktorida Khastini

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractGeneral microbiology course provide comprehensive introduction to fundamental aspects of microbial world so that student gain an insight into theory, practices and able to demonstrate in the term of knowledge skills and values to overcome problem in the environment. Therefore student should have psychomotor skill as well as cognitive. The present study aimed to identify and describe the psychomotor skills of Pre Service Biology Teacher through microorganism cultivation experiment in the laboratoratory. Data were collected from 94 Pre Service Biology Teacher who enrolled General microbiology course in the even semester of academic year 2016-2017 using psychomotor skill observation sheet. Six dimensions observed: perception, set, guided response, mechanism, adaptation and originalation. Findings indicated that student psychomotor skills was categorized as good with the value of 81,2%.

  18. HUBUNGAN GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN DAN KINERJA DENGAN ETOS KERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI KOTA PADANG PANJANG

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    Hubban Jamma

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Relations Leadership Style and Performance with the Work Ethic Teachers in Primary School Kota Padangpanjang. The purpose of this research was to reveal how extend the correlations of principal leadership, teachers’ work satisfaction with teachers’ work ethic at elementary schools in Padang Panjang Regency. This research revealed: (1 Style of Principal leadership correlated with teachers’ work ethic significantly. The extended of correlation of teachers work ethic was determined by style of principal leadership as 27,1 %. (2 Teachers work satisfaction correlated with teachers’ work ethic significantly. Teachers’ work ethic was determined by teachers work satisfaction as 26,2 %. (3 The style of principal leadership and teachers work satisfaction (X2 correlated significantly with teachers’ work ethic at elementary schools in Padang Panjang Regency, and the extend teachers’ work ethic was determined by style of principal eldership and teachers’ work satisfaction as 39,5 %. Kata kunci:  Gaya kepemimpinan, kepuasan kerja, etos kerja

  19. NUANSA POLITISASI DALAM PELAKSANAAN TUGAS GURU SEBAGAI DAMPAK DARI DESENTRALISASI PENDIDIKAN

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    Afriantoni Afriantoni

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractEducation Decentralization is a fact that cannot be denied in the national system of education. Therefore, educational settings are vulnerable towards political policy played by the government that makes the government have a very dominant authority in determining the direction of education including teacher’s duty. As educators, the teachers should have professional competence, pedagogic, personality, social that can make them professional teachers. Therefore, politicizing tendency is not expected to interfere with the professional duties of teachers. As a consequency, the strategies that lead to improve the quality and welfare of teachers are necessarily needed. Keywords: Politicization, Teacher, Education decentralization

  20. Pembekalan Pemrograman Dasar Komputer bagi Guru TIK dan Siswa Terpilih di Tiga Mitra SMA Kabupaten Bangkalan

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    Sri Wahyuni

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Programming is a basic skill in computing (Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi–TIK feld. In our school partners located at Bangkalan, the teachers of computing course have non-computing background (physics, mathematics, biology. Tis condition means that their programming skill is not good enough. Tis is certainly a suboptimal circumstance since teacher’s mastery of a subject has a lot to do with the success of the teaching-learning process. Computer olympics (olimpiade komputer is a programming competition for high school students. It has two kinds of tests. Tey were mathematical logic and programming problem solving. Because of the lacking in teacher’s programming skill, the preparation event focused only on mathematical logic. Tis approach had led the students to pass through frst/city selection, but it was not enough to pass the second/provincial selection. In this community service, we gave programming learning modules to the school partners and also train them about pascal programming. Te initial targets were TIK teachers who were also the preparation event coaches. Afer several considerations, we asked the schools to also send their best students as participants for the training. Te purpose were to not only prepare the current participant team, but also to support the regeneration of future teams. By the end of this activity, our partners’ teachers and students have had a better pascal programming skills. Tis result is shown in the increasing scores they get in their pre, mid, and fnal training evaluations.

  1. Disiplin Kerja Guru Smk Negeri 1 Tanah Putih Kabupaten Rokan Hilir

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    Rusli SD, Zaili; Yanti, Devi

    2016-01-01

    Based on Government Regulation No. 53 of 2010 Concerning Civil Servant Discipline described in Chapter II Obligations and Prohibition Article 3, paragraph 11, 12 and 17 affirmed that the civil servants, including teachers, are required to come to work and comply with the terms of working hours and the civil service employee shall achieve the goals set forth and obey the rules set by the official authorities. Field observations there are problems in SMK Negeri 1 Tanah Putih among others, the t...

  2. PENGARUH PEMBELAJARAN AKUNTANSI BERBASIS SAK IFRS DAN SELF-EFFICACY TERHADAP KESIAPAN MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU AKUNTANSI

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    Raeni Raeni

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The research was inspired by students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers with the rapid progress of science and technology and also free-market for workers. The objective of the study was to test the influence of Accounting learning based on SAK IFRS and self-efficacy toward students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers. The population of the research were Accounting education students in classess of 2010 until 2012. Thus, it used proportionate stratified random sampling. The respondents were 85 students in class 2010, 123 students in class 2011 and 154 students in class 2012. Then, the data were analyzed by percentage descriptive and doubled linear regression. The result of regression analysis showed that 1 Accounting learning based on SAK IFRS and self-efficacy contibuted positively and significantly for 52.4% toward students’ readiness to be Accounting students, 2 there was a positive and significant influence of Accounting learning based on SAK IFRS for 26.2% toward students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers, 3 there was a positive and significant influence of self-efficacy for 16.32% toward students’ readiness to be Accounting teachers. The familiarity level for learning Accounting based on SAK IFRS was high with the progress of science and technology and also full adoption from IFRS.

  3. Gestión oriental y occidental: un acercamiento a los grandes gurues e ideas empresariales

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    Rodríguez López, Gerladyne; Amín Perafan, Julio Cesar; Barriga Gómez, Mateo

    2013-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se describen los aportes más destacados de algunos de los gurúes representativos del ámbito administrativo Oriental y Occidental. En Occidental se cuenta con el legado de Henry Ford, Philip Kotler, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Henry Fayol, Michael Porter, Peter Drucker y Steve Jobs. En Oriente, los gurúes son Akio Morita, Edwards Deming, Kaoru Ishikawa, Familia Toyoda, Masaaki Imai y Taiichi Ohno. A partir de ello, se hacen comparaciones entre las tendencias de administ...

  4. KEMAMPUAN MENULIS AKADEMIK GURU MATA PELAJARAN NON-BAHASA DI JAWA BARAT

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    Riswanda Setiadi

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to: (a) assess the academic writing skills of non-language teachers, (b) analyze mistakes in their academic writing test results, and (c) identify factors causing the difficulties they encounter in developing their academic writing skills. The subjects were 126 non-language teachers who had participated in the teacher certification program from 14 regencies/cities in West Java Province. The findings show that on the whole their academic writing mean score is 57...

  5. PROFIL KEMAMPUAN MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI DALAM MENGOMUNIKASIKAN HASIL PRAKTIKUM FISIOLOGI HEWAN

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    Yuni Astuti

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The main problem in this research is to analyze the profile communications skill of Biology’s student teachers in preparing the report practicum course on Animal Physiology. The research method used is descriptive quantitative method. Data (score of practical reports is averaged then analyzed descriptively. The results are the ability of prospective biology teacher in communicating the practical results fall into the category enough and tends to increase. Mean score of practical report 1, 2, and 3 respectively 1.72; 2.03;  2.31. In addition, aspects of assessment "are precision systematic writing lab report" increased. Preparation of practical reports are in accordance with the systematics of good writing. Aspects of assessment "ability to process data accurately findings" and "relevance of theories in analyzing the data findings" also increased, with the average score of each is 1.10 to 2.27 and 1.27 to 2.17. So it can be concluded that a prospective biology teacher communication skills in the preparation of practical reports on subjects Physiology categorized enough. Giving feedback is considered effective in improving the ability of it.

  6. Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Motivasi Kerja, dan Budaya Sekolah Terhadap Kinerja Guru

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    Sri Setiyati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine: (1 the influence of principals’ leadership, work motivation, and school culture on the performance of State Vocational High School teachers in Gunungkidul Regency, (2 the influence of principal’s leadership on the teachers’ performance (3 the influence of job motivation on the teachers’ performance, (4 the influence of school culture on the teachers’ performance. The study was a quantitative descriptive study. The population of the study were 753 teachers of State Vocational High School teachers in Gunungkidul regency. The results of the data analysis showed (1 there is positive and very significant influence of the principal’s leadership, work motivation, and school cultures on the teachers’ performance with the percentage of 42,2 % (2 there is positive and very significant influence of the of principal’s leadership on the teacher’s performance with the percentage of 18,22% (3 there is positive and very significant influence of work motivation on the teachers’ performance with the percentage of 13,03% (4 there is positive and very significant influence of school culture on the teachers’ performance with the percentage of 10,94%.

  7. Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi Dan Kompensasi Terhadap Motivasi Kerja Serta Implikasinya Terhadap Kinerja Guru

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    Aan Hardiyana

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Organization is the most important asset that should be owned by companies or institutions and is considered by management is the human assets of the organization.Significance of human resources efforts empties from the fact that people (humans is an element that is always present in every organization. They make the goal, holding innovation, and achieve organizational objectives.The theory is used as a reference by the author is presented by Stephen P Robbins (2006: 725. That, would Organizational Culture "Facilitate the emergence of commitment". This implies, if the organizational culture in the school is conducive, then the entire school community will be with full awareness, sincere and honest work for the benefit and success of the school. This study aims to determine the influence of organizational culture on work motivation and Teacher Compensation and the implications for teacher performance. The method used in this research is descriptive and verification method, which is to get a picture of the actual conditions that exist in the research and proving hypotheses about the relationship of research variables: Cultural Organization, Compensation, Motivation and Performance Master. From a sample of 74 people obtained results showed that the path analysis, path analysis results show that, in partial effect on Organizational Culture Work Motivation Teacher, at 9.18% and partially shows the compensation effect on work motivation of 19.18%; while simultaneously Cultural Organization and Compensation effect on work motivation Master, at 46.36%; While the results of simple regression analysis showed that the influence of Work Motivation Teacher to Teacher performance of 47.47%. Based on the above it can be concluded, that the management of human resources need to pay attention Organizational Culture, Compensation and employee motivation because it will affect employee performance both directly and indirectly, will also affect the quality and productivity of the institution.

  8. PENGARUH MOTIVASI KERJA DAN KEPUASAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU SMK MUHAMMADIYAH SALATIGA

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    Reza Ahmadiansah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The influence of work motivation and job satisfaction are very important in influencing the performance. This study was aimed to assess the effect of motivation and job satisfaction conducted to the teachers of Muhammadiyah Vocational School (SMK of Salatiga performances with the total sample of 52 teachers. From the data analysis, it shows that the effect of motivation and job satisfaction to teachers performance in Muhammadiyah Vocational School (SMK of Salatiga is significant with the significance of 0,003 < 0,05. Fvalue of 6,378, and effective contribution of 20,7%.

  9. PENGARUH SUPERVISI DAN MOTIVASI INTRINSIK TERHADAP KREATIVITAS GURU SD SWASTA KATOLIK DI JAKARTA TIMUR

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    Wiryanti, Ni Made

    2017-01-01

    The objective of this research was to understand the effect of supervision and intrinsic motivation to the crativity of private catholic elementary schools teachers in east Jakarta. The research uses a survey method with path analysis was applied in testing hypothesis. It was conducted to 187 teachers at Private Catholic Elementary Schools as the respondents which were selected by random sampling technique. The result of the research as follows: (1). Supervision of a positive direct effect on...

  10. Pengaruh Supervisi Dan Motivasi Intrinsik Terhadap Kreativitas Guru SD Swasta Katolik Di Jakarta Timur

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    WIRYANTI, NI MADE

    2017-01-01

    The objective of this research was to understand the effect of supervision and intrinsic motivation to the crativity of private catholic elementary schools teachers in east Jakarta. The research uses a survey method with path analysis was applied in testing hypothesis. It was conducted to 187 teachers at Private Catholic Elementary Schools as the respondents which were selected by random sampling technique. The result of the research as follows: (1). Supervision of a positive