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Sample records for modeling guru community

  1. IMPLEMENTASI MODEL TUTORIAL BERBASIS KOMPUTER FISIOLOGI HEWAN UNTUK MEMBEKALI KEMAMPUAN REKONSTRUKSI KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI

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    Adeng Slamet

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan model perkuliahan fisiologi hewan yang diharapkan mampu membekali kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep bagi mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Strategi perkuliahan ditempuh melalui implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer. Sebanyak 80 orang mahasiswa S1 calon guru biologi dibagi ke dalam dua kelompok, 41 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial komputer, dan 39 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan konvensional. Kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep diukur dengan membandingkan skor sebelum pembelajaran (pretes dengan setelah implementasi model (postes di antara kedua kelompok belajar. Selain itu, untuk mengungkap pandangan mahasiswa mengenai pengalaman belajarnya, seperangkat angket disebarkan kepada mahasiswa yang mengikuti model perkuliahan.  Efektivitas program perkuliahan dievaluasi dengan tes tertulis bentuk respon terbatas pada mahasiswa yang mengikuti program perkuliahan model tutorial komputer dibandingkan dengan mahasiswa dari kelompok konvensional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan secara keseluruhan terjadi peningkatan  kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep pada kedua kelompok belajar, namun mahasiswa yang mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial berbasis komputer menunjukkan peningkatan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok mahasiswa peserta perkuliahan konvensional. Mahasiswa menanggapi positif implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer dalam perkuliahan fisiologi hewan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model tutorial berbasis komputer pada penelitian ini dinyatakan lebih efektif dan mampu  membekali mahasiwa calon guru biologi dalam meningkatkan kemampuan  rekonstruksi konsep.

  2. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BIOKIMIA BERBASIS KOMPUTER UNTUK MEMBEKALI KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KREATIF MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI

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    H. Rahmatan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model pembelajaran biokima berbasis komputer untuk membekali keterampilan berpikir kreatif mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Hasil pengolahan data diperoleh bahwa hasil validasi oleh ahli terhadap model pembelajaran sudah baik demikian juga dengan keterbacaan software pembelajaran. Dengan demikian model pembelajaran biokimia dengan model drill and practice yang dikemas dalam software sudah dapat digunakan untuk mengukur penguasaan konsep biokimia dan keterampilan berpikir kreatif mahasiswa calon guru biologi.   This study aims to develop computer-based learning model biokima creative thinking skills to equip prospective teachers of biology students. This research is a descriptive study. Data processing results obtained that the results of the validation by experts to have a good learning model as well as the legibility of the learning software. Thus the biochemical model of learning by drill and practice models that can be packaged in software has been used to measure mastery of biochemical concepts and creative thinking skills of prospective teachers of biology students.

  3. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL ASESSMENT AUTENTIK GUNA MENILAI KETERAMPILAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH DALAM KEGIATAN PRAKTIK LAPANGAN CALON GURU BIOLOGI

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    Mr. Cartono

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to generate an authentic assessment model which has tested-distinctive characteristics so that it can be used to assess pre service Biology teachers’ problem-solving skills in an integrated field practice activities. This study consists of Needs Analysis, Process and Learning Product Analysis, Study Objectives and Benefits Determination, Authentic Assessment Model and Instrument Designing, as well as Design and Instrument Validation. The first three steps are based on lecturers and participating students interview results, and also direct observation of two field practice activities in coastal and rangeland ecosystems. The authentic assessment design and instrument development  was based on the results of needs analysis, while validation is done based on experts’ judgements and trials in limited audience. The model of authentic assessment instrument developed in this study includes assessment of the realm of knowledge, skills, and scholarly behavior. Moreover, its content and construct were validated as logically and empirically adequate to assess problem-solving skill. Socialization of assessment aspects encourages the students to show their best performances, explore knowledge by themselves, and be more scholarly during field practice activities. The existence of this authentic assessment instrument provides convenience for supervisors in determining student’ learning objective achievement and further guiding actions. Keywords: authentic assessment, problem-solving skill, education of prospective biology teachers, integrated field practice Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan suatu model asessment autentik yang memiliki karakter khusus dan teruji sehingga layak digunakan untuk menilai keterampilan pemecahan masalah mahasiswa calon guru biologi dalam kegiatan praktik lapangan terpadu. Penelitian ini terdiri atas tahapan Analisis Kebutuhan, Analisis Proses dan Produk Pembelajaran, Penentuan Tujuan dan

  4. MODEL PELATIHAN GURU ILMU PENGETAHUAN SOSIAL DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH KARTASURA

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    Tjipto Subadi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to review and describe: 1 Coaching model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura. 2 Test the validation of coaching model on social sciences teacher. This study used a qualitative approach of phenomenology. This study was conducted in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura, Sukoharjo district. The research design was classroom action research. The subject in this research were students, teachers, the principal. Data collection technique used observation, testing and interview. The interview process using theory of first and second order understanding. Data were analyzed using an interactive model included data reduction, data display, and conclusion. This study concluded that 1 Coaching Model of social sciences teacher in SMP Muhammadiyah Kartasura used modification lesson study approach. 2 Validation of the coaching model using two kinds of validation namely theory of validation and practice of validation.

  5. ANALISIS DESKRIPTIF DALAM PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PBL (PROBLEM BASED LEARNING OLEH GURU MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI SMA NEGERI 1 SLIYEG KABUPATEN INDRAMAYU

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    Sheilla Az Zahra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini antara lain : (1 Perencanaan pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi (2 Pelaksanaan pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi di SMAN 1 Sliyeg (3 Evaluasi pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SMA Negeri 1 Sliyeg Kabupaten Indramayu. Alat analisis data adalah analisis interaksi. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara dan dokumentasi. Informan utama adalah guru mata pelajaran Ekonomi. Teknik analisis data dalam penelitian ini meliputi : pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan atau verifikasi data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa guru-guru mata pelajaran Ekonomi di SMAN 1 Sliyeg selalu membuat perangkat pembelajaran di awal semester dan selalu menyusun dan mempersiapkan RPP sebelum mengajar. Pelaksanaan pembelajaran PBL oleh guru Ekonomi sudah cukup baik dan guru pun cukup memahami mengenai PBL dan mendapat respon positif dari siswa. Evaluasi dan penilaian dari guru Ekonomi masing-masing mempunyai cara yang berbeda, seperti quiz dan tanya jawab, lalu guru memberi nilai tambahan kepada siswa yang aktif dalam menjawab. Saran yang diberikan dalam penelitian ini adalah guru sebaiknya meningkatkan pemahaman mengenai pembelajaran PBL. Guru harus lebih berwawasan luas, meningkatkan kretivitas dan inovatif dalam pelaksanaan PBL. Guru harus memperluas wawasan dan lebih kreatif lagi dalam mengembangkan cara evaluasi pada akhir pembelajaran. One of these models is the learning of model PBL (Problem Based Learning. It is expected that a better model of PBL to increase student activity when compared with the model konvesional.So far this learning process is still dominated by a paradigm that states that a knowledge of the facts is to be memorized. Problems in this study include: (1 Planning of PBL learning by teachers of Economics (2 The implementation of PBL learning by Economics teacher at SMAN 1

  6. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL INTERNALISASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PANCASILA PADA GURU PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI

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    Siti Supeni

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengembangkan model internalisasi pendidikan karakter se- bagai penguatan nilai-nilai Pancasila, mengetahui langkah dan efektivitas model, mengembangkan strategi yang efektif, serta memperoleh hasil pengembangan bahan ajar oleh guru PAUD di Kota Surakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan model penelitian dan pengembangan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, focus group discussion, wawancara, dan dokumentasi, sedang teknik analisis data dilakukan dengan membuat reduksi data dan sajian data secara terus-menerus. Strategi pengembangan model pendidikan karakter disesuaikan dengan materi melalui media bermain peran, gambar, menyanyikan lagu nasional, dan rasa cinta tanah air. Out bond efektif pada praktik pendidikan karakter melalui nilai-nilai dasar etika dan moral dijadikan sebagai basis pendidikan Pancasila. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model yang dilakukan valid dan reliabel. Penelitian berhasil mengembangkan model pendidikan karakter dalam internalisasi pendidikan Pancasila pada anak usia dini lewat beberapa model strategi pengembangan pendidikan karakter dalam menginternalisasikan Pancasila pada PAUD melalui tabel model yang akan diterapkan dalam proses pendidikan. Kata Kunci: pendidikan karakter, Pancasila, PAUD DEVELOPING A MODEL OF THE PANCASILA CHARACTER EDUCATION INTERNALISATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHERS Abstract: This study was aimed to develop a model of the internalisation of the Pancasila character education, to find out the stages and effectiveness of the model, to develop an effective strategy, and to obtain the result of the materials developed by early childhood teachers in Surakarta Municipality. This study used a research and development model. The data were collected through observations, focus group discussion, interviews, and documentation, and the data were analyzed by reducing the data and displaying the data continuously. The strategi of developing the model of character

  7. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU SEKOLAH DASAR BUDI MULIA DUA SETURAN, DEPOK, SLEMAN

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    Ristiyani Ristiyani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini  bertujuan mendeskripsikan: (1 upaya yang dilakukan  kepala sekolah dan guru untuk meningkatkan kompetensi, (2 faktor pendukung dan penghambat peningkatan kompetensi guru serta cara mengatasi hambatan tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif jenis studi kasus. Subyek atau sumber data dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari kepala sekolah, guru senior, guru menengah/madya, guru yunior, staf penelitian dan pengembangan, staf pengembangan sumber daya manusia dan  staf administrasi sekolah. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan model interaktif mengacu  pada teknik analisis data kualitatif Miles dan Huberman yaitu: reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan/verifikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa upaya yang dilakukan kepala sekolah mengirim guru mengikuti pelatihan dan kegiatan ilmiah, mengadakan sosialisasi hasil pelatihan, memotivasi peningkatkan kompetensi, memberikan reward. Upaya para guru yaitu memahami tuntutan standar profesi, etos kerja dan budaya kerja. Upaya kepala sekolah mengatasi hambatan yaitu memfasilitasi pengembangan profesi, untuk mengatasi hambatan waktu pelatihan dengan mengadakan pemetaan kebutuhan guru yang dikirim, membuat jadwal pengganti bagi guru yang diikutsertakan ke pelatihan, membuat jadwal tersendiri di luar jam pembelajaran. Upaya para guru dalam mengatasi hambatan  diantaranya melanjutkan ke Strata-2, keikutsertaan pelatihan dan kegiatan ilmiah. Upaya para guru mengatasi hambatan waktu pelatihan yaitu antara guru saling menukar jadwal mengajar. Alternatif lain adalah memberikan tugas ke siswa. Kata kunci:  upaya, peningkatan kompetensi, profesionalisme guru.

  8. APLIKASI PSIKOLOGI POSITIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN WELL-BEING GURU-GURU BRUDERAN PURWOKERTO

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    Bonar Hutapea

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Banyaknya guru yang mengundurkan diri dari pekerjaannya sebagai guru, maka penanganan masalah pribadi dan upaya membantu diri sendiri (self-care menjadi keharusan demi profesi ini. Sejumlah testimoni tentang hal ini semakin menguatkan betapa guru membutuhkan pengembangan diri dan penanganan serius terhadap pengalaman guru sehari-hari yang mempengaruhi psikologis mereka, sebagaimana juga dirasakan oleh Guru-guru di lingkungan Bruderan Purwokerto. Hasil studi pendahuluan melalui angket/skala psikologi menunjukkan bahwa permasalahan well-being tampak menonjol. Lokakarya ini dimaksudkan untuk mengajak para guru memulihkan kebermaknaan hidup dalam pekerjaan dengan melihat sisi positif dan sejumlah potensi perbedayaan diri. Secara khusus faktor resiliensi, harapan, optimisme dan efikasi akan mendapatkan penekanan khusus mengingat keempatnya saat ini dianggap amat penting dikembangkan dan diterapkan dalam konteks Psikologi Kerja, yang dikenal sebagai modal psikologis (psychological capital (PsyCap (Luthans et al., 2004; Luthans & Youssef, 2004; Luthans et al., 2007 dan dianggap sebagai salah satu penerapan Psikologi Positif di tempat kerja atau dunia kerja organisasi. Pelatihan ini dirancang mengikuti model pelatihan kelas (classroom training dengan metode berupa ceramah (lecture, tutorial, lokakarya (ASTD, 2007. Adapun lokakarya diisi dengan simulasi, bermain peran (role play dan memcontohkan melalui perilaku (behavior modeling. Evaluasi terhadap pelatihan ini dilakukan mengikuti model eskperimentasi dengan tes awal (pre-test dan kembali mendapatkan tes (post test setelah pelatihan dilakukan. Alat pengumpulan data adalah angket (kuesioner. Data dianalisis dengan T-test untuk menguji perbedaan pre-test dan post-test dan analisis regresi. Hasil pelatihan ini menunjukkan bahwa pelatihan PsyCap sangat efektif dalam meningkatkan wellbeing para guru. Selain itu, kontribusi efektif PsyCap terhadap Wellbeing adalah 33%, sedangkan sebagian besarnya diduga

  9. MODEL PEMBELAJARAN IPA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI CALON GURU SEBAGAI KECENDERUNGAN BARU PADA ERA GLOBALISASI

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    Ms Liliasari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian people as human resources should be prepared to globalization era in the 21st  century, therefore they have to develop their higher order thinking skill rapidly, to improve their quality. Science education has an important role to develop young generation thinking skill, that makes science teachers training needs to be improved. Three science teaching models  have been developed to increase science teacher candidates high order thinking skill, consist of Chemical Bond Model of Teaching (MPIK, Thermodynamics Model of Teaching (MPTD and Anatomy and Physiology of Human Body Model of Teaching (MPAF. Each of the models consists of concept analysis and concept map, learning activities, teaching materials, test item. These studies show the dependency of the higher order thinking aspects and the characteristics of the subject matter in the models, including kind of concepts, width and depth of the subject matter areas. The models have been implemented and evaluated in three institutes of teacher training in Java. The findings show that the models had successfully increased the science teacher candidates way of thinking, on the whole stages of critical thinking skills, that have raised their propositional and combinatorial thinking. The impact shows that science models of learning (MPIPA are available as new trend of science teacher training for the globalization era. Kata kunci  : model pembelajaran, berpikir tingkat tinggi, calon guru IPA

  10. Model - Model Pembelajaran pada Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (PGMI STAIN Samarinda

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    Syeh Hawib Hamzah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The model of learning is a vital thing in education. A good appropriate model of learning could reach the goal of learning efficently and effectively. The lecturers of education and teacher training program of STAIN Samarinda implement a various teaching and learning models when they perform their teaching, such as: model of contectual teaching, social interaction, informational proces, personal-based learning, behaviorism, cooperative learning, and problem-based learning.

  11. KINERJA GURU BAHASA INGGRIS BERSERTIFIKAT PENDIDIK DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA

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    Rahmi Munfangati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kinerja guru bahasa Inggris bersertifikat pendidik ditinjau dari: (1 tiap penilai dan tiap kompetensi, (2 latar belakang syarat dan proses sertifikasi (tingkat pendidikan, pengalaman mengajar, jalur sertifikasi, dan untuk mengetahui (3 hambatan-hambatan yang dihadapi guru bahasa Inggris bersertifikat pendidik pascasertifikasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif jenis survei. Populasi pada penelitian ini 43 orang guru bahasa Inggris bersertifikat pendidik dari 10 SMA Negeri dan 12 SMA Swasta di Kota Yogyakarta. Instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dengan penskalaan menggunakan model Likert. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa (1 ditinjau dari penilai dan kompetensi, guru memiliki kinerja pada kategori baik; (2 guru yang memiliki tingkat pendidikan tinggi, pengalaman kerja tinggi, dan lulus sertifikasi melalui uji portofolio memiliki kinerja pada kategori sangat baik; dan (3 terdapat dua faktor yang menjadi hambatan guru bahasa Inggris SMA bersertifikat pendidik pascasertifikasi, yaitu faktor internal dan faktor eksternal. Kata kunci: Kinerja guru, tingkat pendidikan, pengalaman mengajar, jalur sertifikasi

  12. PEMANFAATAAN TV LOKAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PROFESIONALISME GURU

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    Wildan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Use of Local TV Broadcast to Improve Teacher's Professionalism. The study mainly focuses on developing the training model to improve the teacher's professionalism using the local TV. The material developed and piloted in this study is material for Classroon Action Research (CAR. After being developed, the material is then tested by involving 46 Elementary School teachers. The resulst of data analysis indicate that average score is 72.33 with deviation standard of 11.29 and that only 5 teachers (10.87% of the teachers do not pass the passing standard ( ≥70. It can be concluded that the use of local TV as the training media can improve the teacher's professionalism in East Lombok. Abstrak: Pemanfaatan TV Lokal untuk Meningkatkan Profesionalisme Guru. Fokus utama penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan model pelatihan untuk meningkatkan profesionalisme guru dengan memanfaatkan TV lokal. Materi pelatihan yang diujicobakan adalah untuk Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK. Setelah dila­kukan tahap-tahap pengembangan, dilakukan uji kompetensi dengan melibatkan 46 orang guru SD. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa skor rata-rata 72,33 dengan standar deviasi 11,29, dan hanya 5 orang (10,87% yang tidak mencapai standar kelulusan ( ≥ 70. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data di atas, dapat disim­pulkan bahwa pelatihan dengan memanfaatkan TV lokal dapat meningkatkan profesionalisme guru.

  13. MODEL PELATIHAN BERBASIS KELOMPOK KERJA GURU UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MENYUSUN PERANGKAT PENILAIAN BERBASIS KELAS

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    Hadi Suwono

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Teacher Taskforce-based Training Model to Improve the Ability to Develop Class-based As­sessment Instruments. This R & D project was aimed at demonstrating the most effective model, out of three training models-Teachers Working Group (KKG-Practice-Reflection (KPR, Modelling-Practice-Reflection (MPR, and Telling-Practice-Reflection (CPR. The first model was de­veloped based on orientation re­sults. This model was validated by educational experts and practitioners and was tried-out so as to result in a model which was more appropriate for primary schools. In the stage of semi-summative evaluation for the final design, an experiment was conducted to identify the most ef­fective model. The experiment employed a factorial design. The findings show that MPR was the most effective model. This model was perceived as the one which was beneficial to improve the teachers' capability in designing the in­struments of classroom-based assessment for science teaching. In addition, the model could improve the teachers' knowledge of classroom-based assessment, and could help them design better classroom-­based assessment instruments. The second most effective model was KPR. Even though this model was perceived as less beneficial than MPR, with training carried out twice, it could improve the teachers' capability in designing the instruments of classroom-based as­sessment as effective as that of MPR model.

  14. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KIMIA ANALITIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MUTU PENDIDIKAN GURU KIMIA

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    Mrs Liliasari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to improve chemistry teacher training program quality, use Analytical Chemistry Teaching Model (MPKA. The improvement should be on student higher order thinking skills. The model is consisting of 23 concepts, which include concepts that name process, concepts that have no perceptible instances, concepts which require knowledge of principles, concepts involving symbolic representation, formula and equation. Those concepts arrange in nine hierarchies on concept map. The model of teaching uses: (a concept and science process skill approach; (b problem solving and lecture method, and also laboratory activities; (c transparency and power point media; (d essay test. Critical thinking skills developed by the model are elementary clarification, basic support, inference and strategy and tactics. Creative thinking skills developed by the model are: (1 encouraging elegant solution of collision conflict, unsolved mysteries; (2 practicing the creative problem solving process in disciplined systematic manner in dealing with the problem and information at hand; (3 examining fantasies to find solution of real problems; (4 heightening anticipation only enough structure to give clues and direction. The model has been implemented to 82 students in three teacher’s training institutions (LPTK in Java and Bali. The model improves students’ comprehension in Chemistry concepts. It also develops three kinds of logics: group inclusion, proportional and combinatorial. Therefore it is suggested to develop similar models for other courses in perspectives chemistry teachers training program. Key words: Model of teaching, analytical chemistry, critical and creative thinking skills, quality improvement.

  15. Analisis Studi Kebijakan Pengelolaan Guru SMK dalam Rangka Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan

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    Suwandi Suwandi

    2016-05-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeksripsikan model sistem pengelolaan guru profesional di era otonomi daerah untuk meningkatkan mutu pendidikan di Indonesia  secara umum, di tingkat pusat, propinsi, maupun kabupaten atau kota sesuai dengan peran dan wewenang masingmasing. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kebijakan. Studi ini dilakukan terhadap sampel sebanyak 510 orang guru Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan, 293 orang kepala sekolah atau  wakil kepala sekolah, dan 32 orang kepala dinas pendidikan Propinsi, Kabupaten atau Kota. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan metode survei. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa (1 permasalahan yang berkaitan dengan pengadaan guru Sekolah Menegah Kejuruan bersumber pada tiga hal yaitu ketidaksesuaian kualifikasi guru dengan kualifikasi pelamar, formasi tidak sesuai dengan kebutuhan, dan mutasi guru SMK yang tidak didasarkan pada kualifikasi guru, (2 belum seluruh guru Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan dapat melakukan kegiatan ilmiah terutama menulis karya ilmiah, (3 sistem jenjang karir yang selama ini berjalan kurang memenuhi harapan, (4 forum peningkatan kompetensi professional sangat tinggi pengaruhnya pada pengembangan profesi guru, (5 praktik penilaian kompetensi guru selama ini didominasi oleh kepala sekolah, dan (6 supervisor yang selama ini berlangsung sudah memenuhi syarat.

  16. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA MADRASAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA GURU PADA MAN MODEL BANDA ACEH

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    Yusnidar Yusnidar

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available School head master is one of factors in encouraging the school to reach its vision, mission, aim and target through the planned implemented program. The aim of the study is to know the leadership of the head master of the school in improving the teachers’ commitment, work motivation and obstacles experiencing by the school head master in improving the teachers’ performance at MAN Model Banda Aceh. The study used descriptive method. The data collection techniques were observations, interviews, and documentations. The subjects of this research were the head master of the school and the teachers of MAN Model Banda Aceh. The data analysis of this qualitative analysis shows that: (1 the leadership of the head master of the school in improving working commitment is through empowerment of the training teacher in accordance with their field, class supervision evaluation and interns routinely madrasah supervision, and give reward to outstanding teacher; ( 2 the school head master leadership in improving work motivation is through professionalism work guiding, evaluate the teacher learning program, consensus agreement in time discipline, and intern cooperation with the school head master and guiding teachers; (3 the head master leadership in improving discipline is through applying self discipline of school head master in order to be followed by teachers as the discipline being conducted by the school head master in fully self awareness without any coercion; (4 the obstacles faced by the school head master in improving the teacher performance is because of time restriction in carrying out classroom supervision, guiding professional teachers and evaluate the teachers teaching-learning process, as well as restricted fund allocation in MAN Model Banda Aceh.

  17. PERBANDINGAN DUA METODE PEMBELAJARAN TENTANG DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE PADA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR

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    Aryani Pujiyanti

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Prevention of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF began to be prioritized in school since majority of DHF cases was found in school children, especially in groups of children under 15 years old. Prevention of DHF in school was implemented by teacher role as DHF health educator for student at school. This study was one of school community mobilization models in Semarang for DHF prevention programs. The model compared two methods of health education such as an active learning approach with poster and leaflet media approach. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of implementation model to knowledge, attitudes, practice (KAP and self-efficacy of teachers in DHF in schools. This study was a quasi experiment research with community intervention studies. The research used nonequivalen control group design. The sample of the study was physical education teachers in primary school in Tembalang subdistrict (intervention group and Pedurungan Tengah Village, Pedurungan subdistrict (comparison group which was selected purposively. The results showed that knowledge, practices and self-efficacy of teachers which had training in active learning method was higher than the group of teachers who received education leaflets and posters. Active learning method capable significantly for improving knowledge, practices and self-efficacy of teachers in DHF prevention (p value<0,05. Teachers self efficacy as health promotor in school on the group with active learning method was higher than the group that had poster and leaflet media. Active learning method was recomended for DHF health education at primary school. Keywords : Teacher, DHF prevention, active learning     Abstrak Pencegahan demam berdarah dengue (DBD mulai diprioritaskan pada sekolah karena sebagian besar kasus DBD dijumpai pada kelompok responden yang bersekolah, terutama pada kelompok anak berusia di bawah 15 tahun. Pencegahan DBD di sekolah salah satunya dilakukan melalui

  18. KOMPETENSI GURU IPS DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS PEDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH KOTA TERNATE

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    Suardi Kader

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek penelitian terdiri atas: semua guru, kepala sekolah, dan siswa sebagai responden. Objek penelitian ini adalah kompetensi guru dalam menerapkan berbagai metode untuk pendidikan karakter  pada pembelajaran IPS yang terintegrasi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara, dokumentasi dan observasi. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis kualitatif model induktif. Hasil penelitian adalah sebagai berikut: (1 Kompetensi guru IPS dalam pedidikan karakter di SMP Muhammadiyah 1 dan 2 Kota Ternate belum memuaskan. Hal ini disebabkan oleh guru IPS masih kurang memiliki wawasan dasar keilmuan karakter. Di samping itu juga, guru belum aktif dan kreatif, serta memiliki kemampuan untuk mengembangkan wawasan pendidikan karakter ke dalam mata pelajaran IPS. (2 Metode pembelajaran IPS di SMP Muhammadiyah 1 dan SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kota Ternate masih cenderung bersifat konvensional, yaitu ceramah. (3 Kendala-kendala yang ditemukan  dalam pembelajaran pendidikan karakter di SMP Muhammadiyah 1 dan SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kota Ternate yaitu berasal dari guru, sarana, dan prasarana yang belum memadai, lemahnya kesadaran peserta didik, dana dan pembiayaan yang masih kurang, program pembelajaran, pembinaan karakter karena masih kurangnya pemahaman dari pembina atau guru, serta buku-buku penunjang yang digunakan untuk kepentingan proses pembelajaran. Kata kunci: kompetensi guru IPS, pembelajaran, dan pendidikan karakter

  19. Implementasi dan Kendala Pelaksanaan Pembinaan Profesional Guru di Sekolah Menengah Umum Melalui Program Guru Magang

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    Siti Sunendiari

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh tidak meratanya kualitas pendidikan antar sekolah. Salah satu penyebabnya adalah kemampuan guru. Kemampuan guru ini akan terus meningkat dan berkembang apabila dilakukan pembinaan secara berkesinambungan dan sistematis. Salah satu bentuk pembinaan guru yang dapat dilakukan adalah pembinaan profesional guru melalui program guru magang. Adapun tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi teknik-teknik pembinaan tingkat pelaksanaan, tingkat pengetahuan guru pembina, tingkat kesulitan dan kendala yang dihadapi baik oleh guru pembina maupun guru magang serta hasil yang dicapai melalui meningkatnya kemampuan siswa dilihat dari hasil rata-rata siswa sebelum dan setelah guru itu dimagangkan. Sampel diambil secara acak sebanyak 17 guru pembina, 20 guru magang, dan siswa dari sekolah yang dimagangkan. Data dikumpulkan melalui angket dan tes. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa teknik pembinaan yang digunakan adalah: Kunjungan Kelas (KK, Pertemuan Pribadi (PP, Rapat Dewan Guru (RDG, Kunjungan Antar Sekolah (KAS, Kunjungan Antar Kelas (KAS, dan Pertemuan dalam Kelompok Kerja (PKK. Pada pelaksanaannya, semua teknik telah dilaksanakan dengan baik, hanya teknik pelaksanaan kunjungan antar kelas yang masih berada pada kategori Cukup. Tingkat pengetahuan guru pembina yang berada pada kategori Baik adalah Kunjungan Kelas, sedangkan teknik yang lainnya masih berada pada kategori cukup. Tingkat kesulitan yang dihadapi guru pembina dan guru magang dengan persentase tertinggi dalam kategori sangat sulit adalah kunjungan antar sekolah. Kendala utama yang dirasakan oleh guru pembina dan guru magang adalah terbatasnya waktu dan biaya yang dimiliki. Kendala lainnya adalah terbatasnya kemampuan profesional yang dimiliki dan kurangnya informasi tentang petunjuk pelaksanaan teknik-teknik pembinaan. Sedangkan kemampuan siswa menunjukkan nilai rata-rata kenaikan yang masih rendah. Hal ini mungkin disebabkan oleh masih rendahnya

  20. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN DAN KOMUNIKASI GURU TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR

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    - Husin

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah seberapa besar pengaruh kepemimpinan dan komunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XII jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran yang terdiri dari 77 siswa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh yang positif pada kepemimpinan guru dan komunikasi guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa. Dalam upaya meningkatkan motivasi belajar siwa hendaknya kepemimpinan guru diterapkan pada siswa sehingga guru dapat membimbing dan mendorong siswa untuk lebih giat belajar, guru diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kemampuan komunikasinya agar pada saat penyampaian materi dapat diterima siwa dengan baik. Kata Kunci : Motivasi Belajar, Kepemimpinan Guru, Komunikasi Guru

  1. Asesmen Kebutuhan Pengembangan Profesionalisme Guru SMK

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    Canni Loren Sianturi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kebutuhan pengembangan profesionalisme guru SMK RSBI. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMKN 3 Malang dengan menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif dan rancangan studi kasus. Instrumen kunci penelitian adalah peneliti sendiri dan informannya adalah guru, siswa, dan orangtua siswa. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan teknik wawancara, observasi, dan studi dokumentasi. Peneliti menggunakan triangulasi, member check, dan expert judgement, untuk menjamin keabsahan temuan penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa berdasarkan karakteristik kompetensi guru, kebutuhan primer pengembangan profesionalisme guru adalah diklat tentang konsep dasar dan penerapan pembelajaran berbasis character building, bilingual, ICT, dan cara melaksanakan PTK, kebutuhan sekundernya adalah workshop strategi peningkatan kinerja dan keterampilan guru dalam berkomunikasi dan bekerja sama dengan stakeholders; berdasarkan bentuk, lokasi, dan waktu pelaksanaan kegiatan pengembangan profesionalismenya dibuat dalam bentuk belajar secara teori dan praktik, dilaksanakan di lokasi yang mudah dijangkau tanpa harus meninggalkan tugas di sekolah dan keluarga, dan intensitasnya ditingkatkan. Kata kunci: asesmen kebutuhan, pengembangan profesionalisme, profesionalisme guru

  2. PENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL CALON GURU MELALUI LESSON STUDY

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    Dwi Rahmawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakProgram pengalaman lapangan (PPL merupakan salah satu matakuliah wajib yang harus ditempuh oleh setiap mahasiswa semester VII di Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro. Permasalahan yang sering muncul dalam proses pelaksanaan PPL diantaranya kurang maksimalknya komunikasi antara mahasiswa dengan guru pamong ataupun dengan dosen pembimbing lapangan. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut maka diterapkan PPL berbasis lesson study. Lesson Study merupakan suatu model pembinaan terhadap orang yang berprofesi sebagai pendidik baik guru ataupun dosen melalui pengkajian pembelajaran secara kolaboratif dan berkelanjutan dalam membangun komunitas belajar. Penelitian dilaksakan di SM Kartikatama Metro, SMA Kartikatama Metro dan SMK  Karikatama 1Metro denga jumlah 31 mahasiswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif yaitu mengembangkan kompetensi profesioal calon guru melalui PPL berbasis lesson study. Lesson study yang dilakukan dikolaborasikan dengan kegiatan Penelitian Tindakan (Action Reseach. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dua siklus, adapun setiap siklusnya meliputi perencanaan (plan, pelakasnaan (do dan observasi serta refleksi (see. Hasil pelaksanaan siklus I dan siklus II menunjukkan adanya peningkatan profesional calon guru melalui kegiatan lesson study walaupun belum terjadi peningkatan pada semua indikator. Dalam penelitian ini indikator kompetensi profesionalisme yang diamati meliput:1 Kemampuan membuka pembelajaran, 2 Penguasaan materi pembelajaran, 3 Penguasaan penggunaan pendekatan/strategi  pembelajaran, 4 Pemanfaatan sumber belajar/media, 5 Gaya dan penggunaan bahasa, 6 Penilaian proses dan hasil belajar, 7 Kemampuan menutup pembelajaran. Berdasarkan pembahasan singkat di atas dapat disimpulkan bahwa model proses PPL berbasis lesson study dapat meningkatkan kompetensi profesional calon guru dan penggunakan lesson study dalam proses PPL mahasiswa menyatakan lebih siap dalam melaksanakan

  3. PENGARUH PELATIHAN GURU, KOMPETENSI GURU DAN PEMANFAATAN SARANA PRASARANA TERHADAP KESIAPAN GURU PRODI BISNIS MANAJEMEN DALAM IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM 2013

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    Septian Fuji Yama

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Kurikulum 2013 merupakan kurikulum yang saat ini diterapkan di Indonesia. Kurikulum 2013 membawa perubahan mendasar pada guru dalam pembelajaran. Oleh karena itu guru dituntut untuk menyiapkan dirinya dalam melaksanakan kurikulum 2013. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Populasi dan sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah guru prodi bisnis manajemen di SMK N 1 Purbalingga Tahun Ajaran 2014/2015 yaitu guru program pendidikan akuntansi, administrasi perkantoran, dan pemasaran berjumlah 24 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu sampel jenuh. Metode yang digunakan dalam dalam pengambilan data adalah angket. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif persentase dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini secara statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh secara simultan dan parsial pelatihan guru, kompetensi guru, dan pemanfaatan sarana prasarana terhadap kesiapan guru prodi bisnis manajemen dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SMK N 1 Purbalingga. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah guru harus berupaya menambah wawasan mengenai kurikulum 2013 dan guru lebih mengembangkan kompetensi kepribadiannya serta guru harus mempersiapkan dirinya untuk memahami pemanfaatan sumber belajar. Curriculum 2013 is the curriculum applied in Indonesia recently. It brings fundamental changes in teachers’ teaching and learning. Thus, teachers are required to prepare themselves in implementing curriculum 2013. The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is influence of teacher training, teacher competence, and infrastructure towards manajement business department teacher’s readiness in curriculum 2013 implementation in SMK N 1 Purbalingga. The population of this study was manajement business department teachers in

  4. Pemberdayaan Guru dalam Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa SD

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    Tatag Yuli Eko Siswono

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Empowering Mathematics Teachers to Improve Creative Thinking of Elementary-School Students. This experimental study is intended to develop mathematics teachers’ competences in designing teaching and learning strategies that enhance students’ creative thinking. In addition, the study portrays teachers’ creative thinking as well as their competences in planning and implementing problem-solving and problem-posing teaching models. Utilizing a pre-test post-test single group design, this study involved mathematics teachers of the third, fourth, and sixth grades of two elementary schools. The results suggest that the teachers’ creative thinking is of good level; they are creative enough in solving and posing mathematical problems as reflected in their mean score of 92.6. Their competences in planning and implementinglie in good category. Overall, it can be concluded that the teachers are professionally empowered in develo ping students’ creative thinking. Abstrak: Pemberdayaan Guru dalam Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa SD. Implementasi pembelajaran matematika di SD untuk mendorong berpikir kreatif masih lemah. Penelitian ini bertujuan memberdayakan guru-guru SD dalam mengembangkan pembelajaran matematika yang memberi bekal kemampuan berpikir kreatif dan memberikan gambaran kemampuan berpikir kreatif guru dan kemampuannya merencanakan serta mengimplementasikan model pembelajaran pengajuan dan pemecahan masalah matematika. Penelitian eksperimen rancangan pretes postes kelompok tunggal sekaligus deskriptif dilakukan terhadap masing-masing dua guru kelas III, IV, dan V SD di kabupaten Sidoarjo. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan berpikir kreatif guru SD berada pada tingkat lebih dari cukup kreatif, dan hasil rata-rata kemampuannya dalam memecahkan dan membuat soal adalah 92,6. Kemampuan guru dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran termasuk kategori lebih dari “baik”. Disimpulkan bahwa

  5. GURU v2.0: An interactive Graphical User interface to fit rheometer curves in Han’s model for rubber vulcanization

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    G. Milani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A GUI software (GURU for experimental data fitting of rheometer curves in Natural Rubber (NR vulcanized with sulphur at different curing temperatures is presented. Experimental data are automatically loaded in GURU from an Excel spreadsheet coming from the output of the experimental machine (moving die rheometer. To fit the experimental data, the general reaction scheme proposed by Han and co-workers for NR vulcanized with sulphur is considered. From the simplified kinetic scheme adopted, a closed form solution can be found for the crosslink density, with the only limitation that the induction period is excluded from computations. Three kinetic constants must be determined in such a way to minimize the absolute error between normalized experimental data and numerical prediction. Usually, this result is achieved by means of standard least-squares data fitting. On the contrary, GURU works interactively by means of a Graphical User Interface (GUI to minimize the error and allows an interactive calibration of the kinetic constants by means of sliders. A simple mouse click on the sliders allows the assignment of a value for each kinetic constant and a visual comparison between numerical and experimental curves. Users will thus find optimal values of the constants by means of a classic trial and error strategy. An experimental case of technical relevance is shown as benchmark.

  6. Guru Sahabat Siswa: Program Kesehatan Reproduksi bagi Guru

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    Rieka Esti Saraswati

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The issue of reproductive health is increasing year by year. Proper understanding of reproductive healt his absolutely necessary for students at school. Teacher is one of the important part in learning process, so teachers must have an understanding of reproductive healt has well as sufficient skills to deliver it properly to the students. The purpose of this study is to know the effectiveness of the "Guru Sahabat Siswa” program to increase teachers’ skills to become facilitators in a group discussion on reproductive health theme. The study involves 16 teachers in Junior High School in Yogyakarta. The research will be applied by using the experimental untreated control group design with pretest and post test. This program was proved for improving teachers' skills to be a facilitator in group discussions about reproductive health (F=14,411, p

  7. Pengembangan Kepribadian Guru

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    Nursyamsi Nursyamsi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The close relationship between students and a teacher is psychologically important in the school teaching and learning process. The teacher’s personality and character serves as model and becomes the source of inspiration for the students.  The quality of psychological relationship between students and teacher can only be realized if it is supported by teacher’s good personality. It is the quality of teacher’s total attitude and behaviour, and therefore, constitutes the main requirement for optimum teaching and learning process. The original meaning of the term ‘personality’ as quoted from the experts suggests that it is a dynamic organization of psychopysic that determines one’s behaviour, thoughts, and character.  Such character and personality can be identified as an individual quality which is manifested through consistence behavioural patterns in respond to the environment.  In Islamic point of view, one’s personal behaviour and attitude is determined by his or her obedience to the God alone. A teacher’s honor is part of his or her most important personality in realizing his/her professional tasks.  Therefore, he or she must be able to recognize and develop this personal pride as well as possible.Copyright © 2014 by Al-Ta'lim All right reservedDOI: 10.15548/jt.v21i1.70

  8. PROFIL PENGEMBANGAN PROFESIONAL GURU

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    Budi Sutrisno

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is to describe the developent of pedagogical competence, professional competence, personal competence, and social competence of the International Standard Pioneer School in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung. The focus in this study were teacher professional development  of the international  standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung, by observing the development of pedagogical competence, competence professional, personal competence, and social competence of the international   standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung. The study is the qualitative research with the ethnography approach. This research was conducted in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung year 2010/2011, the source of the data  obtained  from  the  principal,  vice  principal,  head  of  the  International  Standard Pioneer School programs, teachers, librarians, and students. Data collected by in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. Validity of the data was done by triangulation techniques. Analysis of the data used is a model of interactive analysis.   The results of this research can be concluded that the development of pedagogical competence of teachers  of the international   standard pioneer school in State Senior High School 1 Temanggung teachers include longer emphasizes the management aspects of learning, the development of  professional competence include the  aspect  of  improving the  skills  and  aspects of knowledge, competence development aspects of personality include mental, spiritual, and the  formation  of  professional  ethics  that  provides  a  change  in  attitude  teachers  in managing learning, while the component that was developed in the social competence includes the development of emotional intelligence, and development of teachers' roles in professional organizations (MGMP. Developed in the fourth aspect is the competence of the teacher

  9. ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN GURU KIMIA TERHADAP MATERIAL KURIKULUM MODEL “ATK” DAN POLA EDUKASI “ADIR”

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    Momo Rosbiono

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research initiated from the problems there are low quality of chemistry teacher comprehend in academic knowledge. The main goals of this research was to comprehend what model of ”Curriculum Materials” (CM and “Amalgamation Teacher Knowledge” (ATK educative framework were needed by chemistry teacher?. The research conducted by using descriptive method which express phenomenon are there him. The subject of this research were the Candidate of Chemistry Teachers which out-going in program of Profession Training and Education (PTE at Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education, Indonesia University of Education and Chemistry Teachers from Group Discussion of Chemistry Teacher (GDCT at Karawang. The data were collected through questionnaires and analysis form of teacher academic needs. The data analysis technique worked through qualitative and quantitative techniques. Based on the empirical and theoretical analysis the research findings which resulted were: (1 The CM with ATK model was relevance with academic chemistry teacher needs, this model illustrated the integration of essential concepts of curriculum, chemistry subject matter, chemistry teaching, professional development of chemistry teacher, and academic skills of chemistry teacher through “key formulas”; (2 the CM structure that relevance for chemistry teacher academic needs was included the objectives formulation, subject matter description, questions, training tasks, and answer keys; (3 the CM content that relevance for chemistry teacher academic needs was included the essential concepts of curriculum, chemistry content, chemistry teaching, professional development of chemistry teacher, and academic skills of chemistry teacher; (4 the educative framework that effectively for using CM was guidance and training through the mechanism of “absorbing, doing, interacting, and reflecting” (ADIR. Key words: curriculum material, ATK model, ADIR

  10. PENGETAHUAN TENTANG STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN, SIKAP, DAN MOTIVASI GURU

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    Dadan Suryana

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak: Pengetahuan tentang Strategi Pembelajaran, Sikap dan Motivasi Guru. Penelitian ini ber­tujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pengaruh pengetahuan tentang strategi pembelajaran, sikap dan motivasi guru terhadap hasil belajar anak melalui metode survai. Sampel penelitian adalah 25 orang guru Taman Kanak-kanak di Kecamatan Koto Tangah, Kota Padang. Data dikumpulkan dengan cara wawancara dan penyebaran angket serta dukungan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan tentang strategi pembelajaran, sikap dan motivasi guru berpengaruh langsung terhadap hasil belajar anak.

  11. SISTEM INFORMASI PENETAPAN ANGKA KREDIT (PAK UNTUK KENAIKAN PANGKAT PADA JABATAN FUNGSIONAL GURU (STUDY KASUS DINAS PENDIDIKAN KOTA XYZ

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    Amiq Fahmi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Penetapan Angka Kredit (PAK adalah hasil penilaian yang diberikan berdasarkan angka kredit untuk pengangkatan dan kenaikan pangkat dalam jabatan guru dalam penilaiannya, unsur yang digunakan meliputi unsur utama dan unsur penunjang. Unsur utama meliputi Pendidikan, Prose Belajar Mengajar (PBM, Bimbingan dan konseling, Pengembangan Profesi. Unsur penunjang meliputi Pengabdian Masyarakat, dan Pendukung Pendidikan. Penelitian dilakukan di Dinas Pendidikan Kota XYZ, Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah model System Development Life Cycle (SDLC untuk membangun perangkat lunak Penetapan Angka Kredit Guru meliputi tahapan Analisis, Desain, dan Testing/Implementasi. Hasil dari development berupa perangkat lunak Sistem Informasi berbasis komputer yang dapat digunakan sebagai alat bantu dalam pengumpulan dan pencatatan data, penghitungan dan penetapan angka kredit, serta menghasilkan informasi yang relevan untuk membantu dan mempermudah bagian sekretariat  di Dinas Pendidikan Kota XYZ dalam urusan pelayanan dan pelaksanaan penilaian angka kredit untuk pengajuan kenaikan pangkat guru. Kata kunci : Guru, Unsur Utama, Unsur Penunjang, Penetapan Angka Kredit.

  12. PENINGKATAN MUTU KINERJA GURU MELALUI SUPERVISI AKADEMIK DI SMK NEGERI 1 SALATIGA MENGHADAPI PKG 2016

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    Wida Damayanti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi permasalahan yang muncul dalam pelaksanaan Penilaian Kinerja Guru 2015 yang belum efektif dan program supervisi akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga yang belum berjalan sesuai dengan yang diharapkan. Dari latar belakang tersebut permasalahan yang akan dibahas adalah; 1 Bagaimana Program Penilaian Kinerja Guru (PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga? 2 Apa kendala-kendala yang dihadapi dalam pelaksanaan Program PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga? 3 Bagaimana cara mengatasi kendala-kendala program PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga untuk menghadapi Penilaian Kinerja Guru 2016? Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah untuk ; 1 Memberikan gambaran mendalam tentang Program PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga 2 Mengetahui kendala-kendala yang dihadapi dalam pelaksanaan program PKG dan Program Supervisi Akademik di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga 3 Memberikan masukan untuk perbaikan Program Supervisi Akademik untuk meningkatkan mutu kinerja guru di SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Jenis penelitian ini adalah evaluasi program dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan menganalisis program Penilaian Kinerja Guru dan supervisi akademik yang dijalankan dalam bentuk studi kasus (case study. Model Evaluasi penelitian ini adalah Goal free Evaluation Model  (Scriven dengan SWOT Analysis (Strengths Weakness, Opportunities, Threats IFAS (Internal Factors Analysis Summary dan EFAS (Eksternal Factors Analysis Summary. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Sumber informasi  penelitian adalah kepala sekolah, guru/ tenaga kependidikan dan tenaga non kependidikan di lingkungan SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Untuk mengecek keabsahan data, penulis menggunakan teknik triangulasi, yaitu 1 Triangulasi data 2 Triagulasi teknik 3 Triangulasi sumber. Hasil Penelitian dapat dideskripsikan bahwa Program Penilaian Kinerja guru dan Program

  13. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU MENGEMBANGKAN PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA JAWA BERBASIS SOSIAL BUDAYA SISWA

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    Esti Sudi Utami

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Kegiatan ini merupakan desiminasi hasil penelitian. Penelitian mengungkap bahwa pembelajaran bahasa Jawa di SMA kurang didukung oleh kesiapan yang baik. Pengajar bahasa Jawa mayoritas dari bidang studi lain. Kurikulum muatan lokal kurang dipahami secara konseptual. Kompetensi komunikatif siswa rendah. Penelitian merekomendasikan perlunya pengembangan pembelajaran muatan lokal bahasa Jawa mampu menyentuh kebutuhan sosial budaya yang relevan dengan konteks lingkungan siswa. Untuk itu guru perlu dilatih mengembangkan model pembelajarannya. Metode yang digunakan adalah pedagogi partisipasi kolaboratif dengan menekankan latihan dan partisipasi aktif peserta. Akhir kegiatan, guru dapat menyusun materi dan rancangan pembelajaran sesuai dengan kebutuhan komunikatif dan sosial budaya siswa. Kata kunci:pembelajaran, sosial budaya

  14. BURNOUT DI KALANGAN GURU PENDIDIKAN LUAR BIASA DI KOTA BANDUNG

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    Dayne Trikora Wardhani

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara perilaku koping dan kepuasan kerja dengan burnout pada guru SLB di Kota Bandung. Sumber data penelitian ini adalah guru SLB di Kota Bandung sebanyak 202 orang yang dipilih menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan diadaptasi dari Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach, 1976 dan skala Perilaku Koping dan skala Kepuasan Kerja dalam Occupational Stress Indicator dari Cooper, Sloan, & William (1986. Data hasil penelitian dianalisa menggunakan uji statistik Multi Regression Analysis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan; (1 perilaku koping (X1 berhubungan secara negatif dan signifikan dengan burnout yang dialami guru SLB (Y, (2 kepuasan kerja  (X2 berhubungan secara negatif dan signifikan dengan burnout yang dialami guru SLB (Y, dan  (3 Perilaku koping (X1 dan Kepuasan Kerja (X2 secara bersama-sama dapat memprediksi secara signifikan terhadap burnout guru SLB (Y. Kata Kunci: Pendidikan, Guru, Burnout, Kepuasan Kerja, Perilaku Koping

  15. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU DENGAN PENDEKATAN ANALYSIS HIERARCHY PROCESS

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    Reni Daharti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Seorang guru sebagai seorang pendidik merupakan komponen penting dalam proses pendidikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1 menganalisis profil guru SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal, (2 menganalisis prioritas kebijakan dalam meningkatkan kompetensi guru di daerah penelitian, (3 menentukan strategi untuk meningkatkan kompetensi guru melalui prioritas kebijakan yang dapat diterapkan di daerah penelitian. Respondennya adalah 33 guru SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal. Mereka dipilih dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Selain itu 15 orang dipilih untuk menjadi keyperson. Statistik Deskriptif dan Analisis Hierarchy Process digunakan untuk menganalisis data dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kompetensi pedagogik dan kompetensi profesional guru adalah moderat dan guru memiliki kepribadian dan kompetensi sosial yang tinggi. Hal yang harus ditingkatkan adalah kompetensi guru. Prioritas utama dalam meningkatkan kompetensi guru di Kabupaten Tegal adalah (1 memilih moralitas calon guru 2 menyaring kualitas guru (3 mengirim guru untuk mengikuti berbagai pelatihan untuk meningkatkan karakter mereka.A teacher as an educator is an important component in the educational process. This study aims to (1 analyze the teacher profile of SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal,  (2 analyze the policy priorities in improving the competence of teachers in the study area, (3 determine the strategies for enhancing the competence of teachers through the policy priorities that can be applied in the study area. There are 33 junior high school teachers of SLTP Komwil 05 Kabupaten Tegal as the respondents. They were selected by using simple random sampling. Then, there are also15 key persons. Descriptive Statistics and Analysis Hierarchy Process were used to analyze the data in the study. The results show that pedagogical competence and professional competence are moderate and the teachers have high personality and social competence. The thing that should be

  16. KINERJA GURU SEJARAH: STUDI KAUSAL PADA GURU-GURU SEJARAH SMA DI KOTA SEMARANG

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    Suwito Eko Pramono

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to understand the direct effect of organizational cultures towards performance, leadership towards performance, motivation towards performance, organizational cultures towards motivation, and leadership towards motivation. The sample of those research was 60 history teachers randomly selected. Data collection is carried out with instruments that have been tested for validity and reliability empirically. Data were analyzed with path analysis techniques. The analysis of the results has been obtained the path coefficient , that is ρ41 = 0.226; ρ42 = 0.368; ρ43 = 0.337; ρ31 = 0.330, and ρ32 = 0.570. The result of significance test for each path coefficient is obtained at the price of 2,386 t; 3.510; 3.466; 3.544, and 6.124. While price t table on α 0.05 is 1.986.  Based on the statistical analysis can be concluded that: (1 there is a direct influence of organizational culture towards performance, (2 there is a direct effect of leadership towards performance, (3 there is a direct effect of motivation towards performance, (4 there is a direct influence of organizational culture towards motivation, and (5 there is a direct effect of leadership towards motivation. Keywords: organizational culture, leadership, motivation, performance. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh langsung budaya organisasi terhadap kinerja, kepemimpinan terhadap kinerja, motivasi terhadap kinerja, budaya organisasi terhadap motivasi, dan kepemimpinan terhadap motivasi. Sampel penelitian ini berjumlah 60 orang guru sejarah yang dipilih secara random. Pengumpulan data dilaksanakan dengan instrumen yang telah diuji validitas dan reliabilitasnya secara empiris. Data penelitian dianalisis dengan teknik analisis jalur. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh koefisien jalur sebagai berikut ρ41 = 0,226; ρ42 = 0,368; ρ43 = 0,337; ρ31 = 0,330; dan ρ32 = 0,570.  Hasil uji signifikansi masing-masing koefisien jalur diperoleh harga t sebesar 2,386; 3

  17. Does Guru Granth Sahib describe depression?

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    Kalra, Gurvinder; Bhui, Kamaldeep; Bhugra, Dinesh

    2013-01-01

    Sikhism is a relatively young religion, with Guru Granth Sahib as its key religious text. This text describes emotions in everyday life, such as happiness, sadness, anger, hatred, and also more serious mental health issues such as depression and psychosis. There are references to the causation of these emotional disturbances and also ways to get out of them. We studied both the Gurumukhi version and the English translation of the Guru Granth Sahib to understand what it had to say about depression, its henomenology, and religious prescriptions for recovery. We discuss these descriptions in this paper and understand its meaning within the context of clinical depression. Such knowledge is important as explicit descriptions about depression and sadness can help encourage culturally appropriate assessment and treatment, as well as promote public health through education.

  18. ANTESEDEN KOMITMEN ORGANISASIONAL DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KINERJA TUGAS (JOB PERFORMANCE GURU

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    Harif Amali Rivai

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe current research examines fit model of relationships among antecedents of organizational commitment (i.e. perceived organizational support, participative leadership style, psychological empowerment and its impact on job performance of teachers. A theoretical model was estimated using senior high school teachers in Padang. Anonym questionnaires were distributed to maintain confidentiality of the respondents. Two hundred eighty two respondents voluntarily participated and included into statistical analysis. The results of testing model using AMOS 16 found that parti¬cipative leadership style and perceived organizational support have significant effect on organiza¬tional commitment of the teachers. Organizational commitment also demonstrated significant im¬pact on job performance of teachers. Meanwhile, psychological empowerment did not significantly influence on organizational commitment. This study provides insight to help police makers how to improve tearchers’ performance. Implication of the research was also discussed in this study.Key words:Perceived organizational support, participative leadership, psychologival empower¬ment, organizational commitment, job performance.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji ketepatan model yang menjelaskan anteseden komitmen organisasional (persepsi atas dukungan organisasional, gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif, pemberdayaan psikologis dan dampaknya terhadap kinerja tugas guru. Model teoritis penelitian diestimasi dengan menggunakan sampel dari guru-guru yang mengajar pada Sekolah Menengah Atas di kota Padang. Kuesioner tanpa nama (anonym didistribusikan untuk menjaga kerahasiaan responden. Sebanyak 282 responden dianalisis dalam penelitian ini. Hasil pengujian dengan menggunakan aplikasi AMOS 16.0. menemukan bahwa model teoritikal dapat memenuhi kriteria goodness of fit model. Hasil penelitian mendukung bahwa variable persepsi yang terdiri dari gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif dan

  19. Kepemimpinan Kharismatis-Transformatif Tuan Guru Dalam Perubahan Sosial Masyarakat Sasak-Lombok Melalui Pendidikan

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    Mohamad Iwan Fitriani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article studies about  social change of Lombok Moslems under Tuan Guru’s Leadership. Here, Tuan Guru won’t be studied personally but focused on rationale, forms, sources of influence and leadership type of Tuan Guru in social change of Moslem Lombok community. Term of Tuan Guru derives from Tuan (al ha>jj dan guru (teacher, but not all of al ha>jj and teachers are called Tuan Guru for a main reason that Tuan Guru is a name for someone which is obtained from social legitimation and based on his knowledge and behaviour. Tuan Guru is sometimes called as Kyai, but not all of Kyais are Tuan Guru. This article showed that social changes done by Tuan Guru since there’s a gap between ideal and behavioral pattern among Lombok Moslem community, evolutif and planned form of change through educating society, Tuan Guru’s sources of influence consist of positional and personal power where Tuan Guru is regarded as waratsatu al-anbiya>’i and the legitimated interpreter or custodian of islamic teaching. What is said and done by Tuan Guru will be referrence of Lombok Moslems and the last is charismatic-transformative leadership type of Tuan Guru consists of idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, individual consideration and inspirational motivation.    الملخص: درست هذه المقالة التغيّر الإجتماعي في المجتمع اللومبوكي تحت رياسة توان غورو. ولا تدرس هذه المقالة توان غورو كفرد وإنما تركّز في الحجة والشكل ومصدر الـتأثير ونمط رياسته في تغيّر المجتمع اللومبوكي المسلم.  وأصل مصطلح توان غورو من كلمة tuan  (الحاجّ و   guru (مدرّس ، ولكن ليس كل حاجّ يدرّس  هو توان غورو. لأن هذا المصطلح  من اعتراف المجتمع على أساس العلم وصلاح سلوك الشخص

  20. PERAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA NEGERI

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    Agus Tri Susanto

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah dalam pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru di SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Kabupaten Sleman terkait dengan peran kepala sekolah dan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi program pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan model Miles & Huberman, yang meliputi pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 perencanaan pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru dilakukan dengan pembentukan team; (2 jenis pengembangan kompetensi profesional guru yaitu penguasaan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi dalam pembelajaran; (3 melakukan evaluasi dengan membuat form/angket penilaian guru terhadap proses pembelajaran di kelas yang diisi oleh siswa; (4 peran kepala sekolah sebagai: (a pendidik; (b manajer; (c administrator; (d supervisor; (e peran sosial (f penggiat kewirausahaan; (g pemimpin; dan (h pencipta iklim. Kata kunci: peran kepala sekolah, pengembangan, kompetensi profesional guru THE PRINCIPAL’S ROLE IN DEVELOPING TEACHER COMPETENCY IN PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL Abstract This study aims to describe the principal's role in developing professional competence of teachers in SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Sleman, related to the role of principal’s and the planning, implementation, evaluation of teacher professional competence development program. This study used a qualitative approach, with a case study type. The research data were collected through observation, interviews and study documentation. The data analysis is model of Miles & Huberman, which includes data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. Results of the study: (1 the planning of teachers professional competence development is done by forming a team; (2 the type of teachers

  1. KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL GURU IPS TENTANG PEMBELAJARAN IPS DI MTS KECAMATAN KOTA SUMENEP

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    Hamidi Rasyid

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini mendeskripsikan tentang (1 mengetahui konstruksi sosial guru IPS, (2 Implementasi pembelajaran guru di Kelas, (3 Paradigma kepala sekolah tentang pembelajaran IPS.Metode penelitian menggunakan kualitatif, tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menggali substansi mendasar dibalik fakta yang terjadi pada guru IPS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa guru IPS mengkonstruksikan IPS menjadi empat konstruksi, (1 IPS adalah ilmu pengetahuan sosial yang peserta didik diharuskan bisa bersikap sosial yang baik sebagai perwujudan dari ilmu pengetahuan sosial, (2 IPS adalah mengkaji kehidupan sehari-hari dan masalah sosial yang ada dalam masyarakat, (3 IPS adalah mengkaji tentang hubungan manusia baik individu dengan individu, individu dengan kelompok maupun kelompok dengan kelompok, (4 IPS adalah mata pelajaran yang di dalamnya ada mata pelajaran sejarah, geografi, sosiologi dan ekonomi. This study describes the purpose of (1 determine the social construction of social studies teachers, (2 Implementation of teacher learning in class, (3 the principal of the learning paradigm of social studies. Using qualitative research methods, the main purpose of this study was to explore the fundamental substance behind the facts that occurred in social studies teacher. The results showed that teachers of social studies constructs into four construction, (1 social studies is a social studies that students are required to be good social as the embodiment of social studies, (2 social studies is reviewing everyday life and social problems that exist in the community, (3 social studies is to examine whether individual human relationships with individuals, groups of individuals and groups with the group, (4 social studiess are subjects in which there is the eye the lessons of history, geography, sociology and economics

  2. Pembinaan Guru di Daerah Terpencil

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    Eddy Subandrijo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of teachers in isolated remote areas is very important in empowering local human resources. Human character building was partly related to teacher's performance. The teacher's performance in conducting their responsibility depends on the quality of their social-economic conditions. To improve their spirit on daily educational activities, they should be treated by a special management. It means that there must be an equilibrium between career and economic-life and between their right and their responsibility. To implement this concept, all of related institutions should be involved in planning, implementing, and evaluating phases. These institutions are local community, universities, schools, and other institutions belonging to local governments

  3. TUTURAN MEMUJI OLEH GURU PEREMPUAN DALAM INTERAKSI PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA

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    Pandu Meidian Pratama

    2016-07-01

    Penelitian tentang tuturan guru perempuan dalam interaksi pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia ini dilandasi oleh pola komunikasi yang terjadi antara guru dan siswa dalam konteks pembelajaran di kelas. Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk mendeskripsikan (1 wujud tuturan memuji, (2 fungsi tuturan memuji, dan (3 modus tuturan memuji yang dituturkan oleh kaum perempuan yang berprofesi sebagai guru bahasa Indonesia. Selain mendeskripsikan wujud, fungsi, dan modus tuturan memuji, penelitian ini juga berusaha mendeskripsikan penggunaan bahasa perempuan dipandang dari sudut pandang budaya dan fitur-fitur yang digunakannya, yaitu (1 tag question, (2 avoidance of strong swear words, (3 superpolite form, (4 emphatic stress, dan (5 intensifiers.

  4. PENGARUH PEMAHAMAN KURIKULUM, SUPERVISI AKADEMIK, DAN FASILITAS KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU EKONOMI SMA/MA NEGERI DI KOTA MAGELANG

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    Oky Estiana Putri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Pada era globalisasi dewasa ini pendidikan menjadi sangatpenting. Bekal pendidikan yang dimiliki suatu masyarakat akan berkembang secara baik, dan tidak dapat dipungkiri masyarakat tersebut semakin berkualitas sertamampu bersaing secara kompetitif di era persaingan yang semakin ketat. Dalam suasana kompetitif semacam ini diperlukan sumber daya yang berkualitas. Untuk menciptakan sumber daya berkualitas diperlukan pendidik yang profesional. Keprofesionalan seorang pendidik dapat dilihat melalui kinerjanya yang baik. Kondisi di lapangan, kinerja guru di Kota Magelang masih belum optimal. Populasi penelitian ini adalah guru mata pelajaran Ekonomi/Akuntasi SMA/MA Negeri di Kota Magelang yang berjumlah 30 orang. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman kurikulum, supervisi akademik, dan fasilitas kerja berpengaruh secara simultan terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 82,8%. Pengaruh secara parsial juga didapatkan pada variable independen terhadap variabel dependen. Pemahaman kurikulum berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru ekonomi SMA/MA Negeri sebesar 24,70%. Supervisi akademik berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru ekonomi SMA/MA Negeri sebesar 19,54%, serta fasilitas kerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 23,42%. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah para guru hendaknya lebih meningkatkan pemahaman kurikulum supaya kinerjanya semakin baik. Bagi kepala sekolah hendaknya lebih memperhatikan lagi guru-guru dengan kegiatan supervisi akademik, dengan merasa diperhatikan, mendapat dorongan dan bantuan dari kepala sekolah guru akan lebih berusaha meningkatkan kinerjanya menjadi semakin baik. Sekolah hendaknya menyediakan fasilitas kerja yang lebih baik lagi, nyaman dan lengkap supaya guru merasa puas dan kinerjanya akan semakin baik. In the era of globalization

  5. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, LINGKUNGAN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN KINERJA GURU DI SMK NEGERI 4 PANDEGLANG

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    Dwi Sampurno

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan lingkungan kerja terhadap motivasi kerja guru di SMK Negeri 4 Pandeglang, dan pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, lingkungan kerja dan motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMK Negeri 4 Pandeglang. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan teknik analisis jalur (Path Analysis. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh guru di SMK Negeri 4 Pandeglang sebanyak 60 responden. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan lingkungan kerja berpengaruh secara parsial terhadap motivasi kerja guru, hal itu berarti bahwa kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan lingkungan kerja memiliki pengaruh langsung terhadap motivasi kerja guru. Karena kepeminpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh parsial terhadap kinerja guru, maka bisa dinyatakan bahwa kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh langsung terhadap kinerja guru. Selanjutnya, karena motivasi kerja tidak berpengaruh terhadap kinerja guru, maka kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan lingkungan kerja tidak memiliki pengaruh tidak langsung terhadap kinerja guru.

  6. ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN GENERIK SAINS MAHASISWA CALON GURU BIOLOGI PADA PRAKTIKUM ANATOMI TUMBUHAN

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    Novianti Muspiroh

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Keterampilan generik sains merupakan kemampuan dasar yang harus dimiliki oleh mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Dalam satu proses praktikum (eksperimen mata kuliah Anatomi Tumbuhan mahasiswa calon guru biologi dituntut untuk dapat terampil tidak saja pada aspek psikomotorik tetapi juga menganalisis dan memecahkan masalah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap keterampilan generik sains mahasiswa calon guru biologi pada praktikum anatomi tumbuhan dari ragam pengamatan, pemodelan dan inferensi. Kemampuan generik sains di perguruan tinggi salah satunya adalah melakukan pengamatan langsung, melakukan pemodelan maupun menggunakan inferensi logis. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif menggunakan metode analisis kuantitatif dari data kualitatif deskriptif terhadap laporan akhir eksperimen mahasiswa dalam kegiatan praktikum. Objek penelitian adalah mahasiswa semester 2 berjumlah 38 orang di IAIN SN Cirebon. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data pada ragam pengamatan diperoleh KGS  sedang. Pada ragam pemodelan dan inferensi diperoleh KGS tinggi. Dengan demikian masih diperlukan bimbingan secara intensif guna meningkatkan KGS bagi mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Generic science skills are basic skills that must be held by prospective teachers of biology students. In the process of practicum (experimental Plant Anatomy subject, prospective teachers of biology students are required to be skilled not only in the psychomotor aspect but also in analyzing and solving problems. This research aims to reveal the generic skills of prospective teachers of biology student at the anatomy of plants from various observations, modeling and inference. Ability of generic science in college one of them is a direct observation, perform modeling and logical inference. This research was descriptive using methods of quantitative analysis of qualitative data descriptive of the final report of a student experiment in lab activities. Object of research is the second semester students

  7. Akurasi dan Akuntabilitas Penilaian Kinerja Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam

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    Lubna Lubna

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:     There are a great number of teachers of Islamic religious education who hold a professional diploma and yet have not realized the tasks of competent professional teacher. The four indicators of competent and professional teacher, as these are elaborated in Statutes and Regulations, have not been integrated in teacher performance. This problem must be resolved. It requires a system that can control the implementation of the principles of professional teacher while at the same time does not ruin teacher’s profession and capability. This article offers professional-based assessment and evaluation of teacher performance as a medium for a regular control. This system will be able to measure teacher performance referring to their skills and to avoid deviation in the evaluation between what is taught and the subject being taught concerning teachers’ professional skills. With this professional-based evaluation system, the processes of evaluation and assessment become objective, accurate and accountable.Abstrak:      Banyak di antara guru PAI yang menyandang gelar profesional yang belum sepenuhnya mengusai kompetensi yang menjadi indikator guru profesional dalam pelaksaan tugas di kelas. Empat kompetensi inti guru profesional belum terintegrasi dalam kinerja guru sebagaimana amanah Undang-Undang dan berbagai peraturan yang mengawalnya. Menyikapi fenomena ini, dibutuhkan sebuah sistem yang dapat mengontrol kinerja guru sekaligus tidak meruntuhkan kredibilitas guru profesional. Tulisan ini menawarkan penilaian kinerja guru PAI berbasis profesional sebagai sistem kontrol yang dapat dilakukan secara berkala sampai tercipta budaya kerja yang profesional. Dengan penilaian kinerja berbasis profesional, akan dapat mengukur kinerja guru sesuai dengan bidang keahliannya, di samping menghindari terjadinya deviasi antara apa yang dinilai dengan bidang keahlian sesuai mata pelajaran. Dengan penilaian kinerja berbasis profesional

  8. PROFESIONALISME GURU AKUNTANSI PASCA SERTIFIKASI

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    Muhammad Ansori

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study will be discussed related to the professionalism of teachers after certification, the efforts made to develop the professionalism of teachers, and the impact of certification policy on the quality of education. This research subject is accounting certified teacher with a population of 7 informants, and informants are the principal supporter and 3 learners. This research method is a descriptive qualitative approach, with this type of case studies. Collecting data using the model interviews, observation, and documentation. Data analysis techniques to 1 Data collection 2 reduction of data 3 data presentation 4 conclusion / verification. The results showed that 1 accounting certified teachers have a good level of professionalism. The teacher can understand the characteristics of students, mastering both subject areas of a scientific or educational field, is able to organize teaching well, mastering the material in depth, mastering the technology and professionalism are able to develop in a sustainable manner. 2 the efforts of teachers to develop professionalism is with workshops, seminars, training, training, writing books, looking for a new regulation, to follow the teacher association continues studies to improve the qualifications and buy gadgets as supporting tools in learning. 3 certification of a positive impact on the quality of education. It is suggested that could be given to teachers, namely that the purpose of the certification is not to get professional allowance alone, but that teachers can master the competence of teachers well and make teachers more professional in carrying out his profession. Professional allowances simply as a consequence of this capability.

  9. KOMPETENSI GURU ALUMNI JURUSAN PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA BERDASARKAN PENDAPAT PENGGUNA LULUSAN

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    Melda Jaya

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Undang-Undang Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia No.20 tahun 2003 pasal 35 menyatakan bahwa kompetensi lulusan harus ditingkatkan secara berencana dan berkala. Dalam rangka peningkatan tersebut perlu diketahui kompetensi lulusan untuk program perbaikan secara menyeluruh. Para lulusan Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Teachers College Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika Universitas Pelita Harapan tersebar di seluruh wilayah Indonesia baik di sekolah-sekolah yang berada di dalam maupun di luar Yayasan Pendidikan Pelita Harapan. Semasa kuliah, mereka telah dibekali dengan berbagai kemampuan untuk mendukung profesionalisme mereka sebagai guru. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak guru-guru lulusan FIP Teachers College Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika UPH bagi sekolah-sekolah tempat mereka mengajar, sebagai bahan masukan untuk perbaikan kedepan yang lebih baik. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode survei. Subjek penelitian ini adalah para kepala sekolah, CC/TT dan peserta didik. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan evaluasi bagi usaha peningkatan kompetensi lulusan FIP Teachers College Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika UPH. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa secara umum alumni  pendidikan matematika Teacher College  berdasarkan pengguna lulusan sudah mencapai ke empat kompetensi berdasarkan graduate profile Teacher College, antara lain: Guru bidang studi matematika Kristen, Guru bidang studi matematika dengan standar internasional, Seorang Kristen yang dewasa, Seorang anggota komunitas yang signifikan, namun ada beberapa aspek didalamnya yang perlu ditingkatkan dan diperbaiki.

  10. URGENSI PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEADAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE MAHASISWA CALON GURU AGAMA PADA FAKULTAS TARBIYAH DI PERGURUAN TINGGI AGAMA ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdurrahmansyah A

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstractEducational challenges requires the improvement of the quality of learning.one of the challenges of learning in teacher education institutions is theweak development of prospective teachers. Shulman mentions that to improve thequality of learning for candidate teachers is through the concept of pedagogicalcontent knowledge (PCK. Tarbiyah Faculty as LPTK that prepares prospectivecandidate teachers of religion is considered important to seek the mastery of  PCK skills through the development model of learning offered at the lecturing session. One of the benefits of PCKconcept is to be able to build the integrity of the candidate teacher’s competencies in mastering the content and pedagogy as a whole. The concept of PCK presents to overcome the problem of incompleteness of thecurriculum presentation that presents the content aspect on the one hand andaspects of pedagogy on the other side of other split aspects. Keywords: learningmodel, peadagogical content knowledge, candidate teachers of religion

  11. PENGARUH PRAKTIK PENGALAMAN LAPANGAN (PPL, MINAT MENJADI GURU, DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR TERHADAP KESIAPAN MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU YANG PROFESIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Yulianto

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar terhadap kesiapan menjadi guru yang profesional. Populasi penelitian adalah mahasiswa Progam Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi Akuntansi tahun angkatan 2011 Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Semarang sebanyak 174 mahasiswa. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 122 mahasiswa yang ditentukan dengan teknik proportional random sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi, sedangkan teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif presentase, statistik inferensial, dan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukan praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar berpengaruh baik secara parsial maupun simultan terhadap kesiapan menjadi guru yang profesional. Hasil adjusted R^2 menunjukan adanya hubungan antara praktik pengalaman lapangan, minat menjadi guru, dan prestasi belajar terhadap kesiapan mahasiswa menjadi guru yang profesional sebesar 0.574 atau 57,4%. Saran yang diberikan dalam penelitian ini adalah hendaknya mahasiswa memperbanyak referensi tentang akuntansi, mengikuti berbagai forum diskusi akuntansi guna meningkatkan wawasan mengenai bidang studi akuntansinya; mahasiswa diharapkan meningkatkan minat untuk menjadi guru yang tinggi dengan mengenal lebih jauh tentang profesi guru, mencari tahu kabar dan informasi mengenai profesi keguruan, memanfatkan kegiatan praktik pengalaman lapangan dengan sungguh-sungguh yang dapat menunjang kesiapannya untuk menjadi guru. The purpose of that study was to determine the influence of practice field experience, interest becoming a teacher and learning achievement againts the readiness of the students to become a professional teacher. Population in this research are students of accounting education class of Faculty of Economic semarang state university as many as 174 students. Sample used in this study were 122 students

  12. Community College Model Characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raby, Rosalind Latiner

    This paper argues that community college models, especially in developing countries, can be victims of the vocational school fallacy, which holds that that two-year vocational/technical schools that ignore a general education foundation may not be an optimal means for solving worker needs. In addition, globalization has hastened a mirroring of the…

  13. Mengurangi Bullying melalui Program Pelatihan “Guru Peduli”

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    Edilburga Wulan Saptandari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated a strategy of reducing bullying in elementary school through “Guru Peduli” (“Teacher Care” training. It was a training done for teachers. It aimed to increase teachers’ awareness, knowledge and skills to prevent and reduce bullying. The aim of this quasi-experimental research was to test the effectiveness of “Guru Peduli” training for reducing elementary school bullying. Two elementary schools were involved as the experimental and control groups. There were six classes were for class observation and six locations for playground observation. The observations were done before and after the training. The data were analyzed with Wilcoxon Signed-Rank and Mann-Whitney test. The data showed that there was a significant difference of bullying between the experimental and control schools. There was also a significant reduction of bullying in experimental school after the training. Keywords: bullying, “Guru Peduli” training, teachers’ knowledge

  14. Kepemimpinan Transformasional dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Kepuasan atas Kualitas Kehidupan Kerja Komitmen Organisasi dan Perilaku Ekstra Peran: Studi pada Guru-Guru SMU di Kota Surabaya

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    Thomas Stefanus Kaihatu

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study ws to exmine direct and indirect effects of a integrated multidimensional model of transformational leadership upon organizational citizenship behaviour (OCBs and considered quality of work life and organizational commitment as key antecedents. Participants comprised 190 teachers from ten middle school%2C whom completed a questionnaire. In this study%2C transformational ledership as an important correlate to the organizational citizenship behaviour that the link would be quality of work life%2C while the organizational commitment was unrelated. Wheb quality of work life middle school teachers superiors with transformational ledership behaviour of principals were likely to be related to greater organizational citizenship behaviour. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji hubungan langsung maupun tidak langsung dari sebuah model multidimensional mengenai pengaruh kepemimpinan transformasional terhadap perilaku ekstra peran yang dimediasi oleh kepuasan akan kualitas kehidupan kerja dan komitmen organisasional sebagai variabel antasenden. Sampel adalah 190 Guru Sekolah Menegah Umum (secara lengkap mengisi kuisioner. Dalam penelitian ini%2C secara signifikan kepuasan akan kualitas kehidupan kerja memediasi kepemimpinan transformasional terhadap perilaku ekstra peran%2C sebaliknya komitmen organisasional ditemukan tidak signifikan. Penerapan kepemimpinan transformasional dari kepala sekolah meningkatkan kepuasan akan kualitas kehidupan kerja%2C dan hal ini cenderung akan meningkatakan perilaku ekstra peran dari para guru. ransformational leadership%2C organizational citizenship behavior%2C quality of work life%2C and commitment organizational.

  15. MEMBANGUN PROFESIONALISME GURU KONSELING SEKOLAH MELALUI PENYAMPAIAN BAHASA YANG SANTUN

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    Istina Rakhmawati

    2014-01-01

    Kata Kunci: Profesionalisme  Guru Konseling, Stelistika Bahasa PROFESSIONALISM   OF  TEACHER SCHOOL BUILDING THROUGH COUNSELING FOR SUBMISSION OF LANGUAGE POLITE.This  paper aims to find out the demands of the competence of teachers,  including  teachers,  school  guidance and counseling as a profession will inevitably be met. Teachers build a professional  counseling  services will  be  requested  by the service user accountability  in schools. The problem, whether the counseling service (BK has been implemented  by teachers in a professional counseling? Is the  guidance and counseling teacher professionalism have reached the professional standards set? The issues are complex and widespread, the  lack of professional  guidance  and counseling teachers as a result of competence guidance and counseling teacher are inadequate, and demand changes in the competitive professional services, require an increase in the professionalism of teachers guidance and counseling particularly  related  attitudes,  knowledge  and skills guidance  teachers  and counseling. Currently  Teachers Counseling at school  is less selective  in terms of providing guidance should be obtained student. The results of this paper is under the teacher’s role counseling should not only oriented to the career guidance but also should pay attention to tutoring , guidance  to be good, the guidance behaves politely, honest, and guidance homage to the father-mother teacher and guidance to the public the academic community ( friends peer at school or in this case to obey the rules discipline in school and outside  school. One  to determine the potential of students by conducting  pilot classes  and tests  students’  abilities and talents. Keywords: Professionalism, Teacher Counseling , Stelistika  Language

  16. SIKAP GURU TAMAN KANAK-KANAK TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA

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    Sitti Hartinah DS, Teguh Setiawan

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Kindergarten Teachers’ Attitudes toward Mathematics Learning. This study was aimed to know the attitudes of kindergarten teachers to mathematics teaching and learning. The study, carried out in the Regency of Tegal, took 340 kindergarten teachers into the pool of the sample (65% of the population of 523 teachers. Proportional random sampling was used in the selection of the sample. Questionnaires in the form of attitude scale were distributed to the sample to elicit their responses. t-test was used to analyze the differences of the attitudes and Croncbach’s Alpha was used to arrive at the reliability index. The study found out that, in general, kindergarten teachers  have positive attitudes towards the teaching and learning of mathematics. Abstract: Sikap Guru TK terhadap Pembelajaran Matematika. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui sikap guru TK terhadap pembelajran matematika. Sampel sebanyak 340 dari 523 guru TK di Kabupaten Tegal (65% dari populasi yang diambil dengan menggunakan teknik rambang proporsional. Data dikum­pulkan dengan kuesioner berupa skala sikap yang dikembangkan dengan metode Likert. Pembobotan menggunakan deviasi normal. Kriteria pemilihan butir pernyataan terbaik menggunakan uji t yaitu uji kesa­maan dua rata-rata uji satu pihak dan analisis reliabilitas menggunakan Formula Croncbach’s Alpha. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa guru TK pada umumnya bersikap positif terhadap pembelajaran matematika.

  17. PENGKONSTRUKSIAN SEKTOR GURU DARI GRIYA JAWA: TAFSIR ATAS KAWRUH KALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Prijotomo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Kawruh Kalang and Kawruh Griya are two Jawanese architectural texts being produced in the transitional period of the 19th to the 20th century. Following two of three steps of interpretation, as stated by Poespoprodjo, a study upon the guru-sector of Jawanese architecture is presented here. Among numerous findings of that study, one of them is the key position of the structural member named balandar-pangeret. This component not only direct and control the measurement of any Jawanese building, but also addressing the basic design chararacteristics of Jawa. It is then speculated that a Jawanese mode of design is embarked from the middle and then proceed downward to the earth and upward to reach the sky. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Teks Kawruh Kalang dan Kawruh Griya adalah teks arsitektur Jawa yang diproduksi dalam masa peralihan abad 19-20. Pengkajian atas teks tersebut dalam bentuk penafsiran-meng-'kata'-kan, memperlihatkan adanya pemikiran dasar penghadiran arsitektur yang bertolak dari balandar-pangeret, yakni balok-balok struktural yang ditopang oleh sakaguru. Masih dalam dimensi penafsiran sebagai meng-kata-kan, naskah yang dikaji diyakini mengindikasikan pemikiran arsitektural Jawa yang karakteristik yakni berawal dari tengah terus ke bawah, ke bumi, dan ke atas, ke angkasa. Kata kunci: griya jawa, sektor guru, balandar-pangeret, guru-acuan, guru-patokan.

  18. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI GURU MATA PELAJARAN TIK TERHADAP MOTIVASI DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

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    Mr Heri Sutarno

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana kompetensi guru TIK berpengaruh terhadap motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa dalam mata pelajaran TIK. Penelitian ini dilakukan di sebuah sekolah sampel, dengan responden siswa SMA. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan metode survey eksplanatory. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan 3 (tiga cara, yaitu: Nilai Skala (Nilai Interval, untuk mengetahui kondisi dari masing-masing variabel; Analisis varians (ANOVA satu jalur; dan Korelasi untuk mengetahui keterhubungan variabel. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh hasil bahwa kompetensi pedagogik guru TIK yang ada di sekolah sampel tergolong cukup (56,07%, kompetensi kepribadian tergolong cukup (53,72%, kompetensi sosial tergolong cukup (45,22% dan kompetensi profesional tergolong tinggi (61,20%. Keterhubungan antara kompetensi guru dengan motivasi belajar diperkuat dengan kurangnya tingkat signifikansi sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada keterhubungan antara keempat kompetensi guru tersebut terhadap motivasi siswa untuk belajar mata pelajaran TIK. Secara parsial hanya kompetensi kepribadian (53,72% dan kompetensi profesional (61,20% yang terbukti dapat mempengaruhi motivasi belajar siswa. Untuk hasil belajar, dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan ternyata keterhubungan antara kompetensi guru dan motivasi belajar terhadap hasil belajar sangat kecil (50%. Sebagai saran dari penelitian ini yaitu instansi pencetak guru harus memastikan agar mahasiswa yang dididiknya memiliki kemampuan kompetensi guru seperti tertulis dalam PP No. 74 tahun 2008 sehingga dapat meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa, yang pada akhirnya keberadaan guru benar-benar bermakna dalam sebuah pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: guru TIK, kompetensi guru, motivasi, hasil belajar

  19. KESIAPAN GURU SD DALAM PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK-INTEGRATIF PADA KURIKULUM 2013 DI DIY

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kesiapan guru Sekolah Dasar (SD) dalam menerapkan Kurikulum 2013 khususnya dalam pembelajaran tematik-integratif di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). Jenis penelitian yang digunakan yaitu penelitian survei. Populasi penelitian adalah guru kelas I dan IV yang terdapat di wilayah DIY. Jumlah sampel yang diambil dalam penelitian ini adalah sebanyak 182 guru SD yang berasal dari 49 SD negeri dan 15 SD swasta yang dijadikan pilot project berdasarkan d...

  20. IKLIM SEKOLAH DAN EFIKASI KENDIRI DALAM KALANGAN GURU BIMBINGAN DAN KAUNSELING SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI KELANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim, Hasliza; Ismail, Siti Noor; Kassim, Mohamad Adnan Mohamad; Mohamad, Suhaila

    2017-01-01

    Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti hubungan antara iklim sekolah dan efikasi kendiri guru bimbingan dan kaunseling di negeri Kelantan.  Responden kajian adalah terdiri daripada 181 orang guru bimbingan dan kaunseling Sekolah Menengah di negeri Kelantan.  Kajian rintis dijalankan ke atas 30 orang guru bimbingan dan kaunseling di daerah Tanah Merah.  Secara spesifiknya, kaedah kuantitatif digunakan untuk tujuan pengumpulan data.  Maklum balas melalui soal selidik telah diperolehi dan se...

  1. PENGURUSAN KRISIS DI SEKOLAH DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN KOMITMEN GURU SEKOLAH MENENGAH DINEGERI KELANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Baharuddin, Juliana; Saad, Norhana Mohammad; Ismail, Siti Noor

    2017-01-01

    Kajian ini dijalankan untuk melihat pengurusan krisis dan hubungannya dengan komitmen guru.  Responden bagi kajian ini terdiri daripada 375 orang guru daripada sekolah-sekolah menengah di negeri Kelantan.  Pengurusan krisis merupakan salah satu prinsip dalam Konsep Sekolah Selamat.  Instrumen kajian ini menumpukan kepada pengurusan krisis ketidakhadiran pelajar ke kelas tambahan.  Instrumen komitmen guru pula menggunakan Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) atau instrumen komitmen ke...

  2. KOMPETENSI GURU PAI DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohmat MS.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini berfokus pada masalah kegiatan pembelajaran berbasis teknologi informasi yang dilakukan oleh para guru Pendidikan Islam di Kabupaten Sidoarjo. The menyimpulkan bahwa aktivitas pembelajaran matapelajaran Pendidikan Islam kebanyakan masih konvensional, di mana guru memainkan peran utama dalam memperoleh pengetahuan, sedangkan siswa yang kurang terlibat secara aktif. Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa guru memiliki kualifikasi mengajar yang baik, karena mereka memenuhi 12 dari 16 kriteria kompetensi yang ditetapkan oleh  standar pendidikan nasional. Tetapi di sisi lain, mereka lemah dalam hal kualifikasi pedagogik, karena mereka hanya memenuhi 12 sampai 17 dari 42 kompetensi. Faktor-faktor untuk mengembangkan standar guru dalam mengajar berbasis teknologi informasi, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa kemampuan dan keterampilan guru dalam menggunakan teknologi seperti komputer, laptop, LCD dan internet merupakan faktor utama. Beberapa guru di SMAN 1 Krian dan SMKN 2 Buduran sudah terbiasa dalam menggunakan  teknologi informasi. Sementara itu, keterbatasan infrastruktur dan kurangnya ketersediaan teknologi informasi di sekolah-sekolah seperti SMA Negeri di Tarik, SMAN 2 di Sidoarjo dan Porong merupakan faktor utama yang menghambat proses pengembangan standar pembelajaran ini.This research focuses on the problem of information technology-based teaching activities by teachers of Islamic education in the regent of Sidoarjo.The research concludes that the learning activity on the subject of Islamic education is very much conventional where teachers play the major role in acquiring knowledge, while students were not involved. The research also discovers that teachers do have good teaching qualifications given that they meet 12 out of 16 competences criterion set by the national standard authority on the subject. But they on the other hand, are weak in terms of pedagogic qualification considering that they meet only 12 to 17 out of 42

  3. Kompetensi Pengelolaan Pembelajaran, Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Komitmen, dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Fahdila Sumantri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Learning-management Competence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Commitment, and  Job Satisfaction of Vocational High School Teachers. This survey is intended to describe how learning-management competence, interpersonal intelligence, and commitment influence the job satisfaction of vocational high school teachers. Eighty teachers were selected from the teacher population of 350 using proportional random sampling technique and were assigned to respond to a questionnaire. The results of path analyses reveal that learning-management competence has direct effects on commitment, interpersonal intelligence on commitment, learning-management competence on job satisfaction, interpersonal intelligence on job satisfaction, and commitment on job satisfaction. In other words, teachers' job satisfaction can be facilitated through improving learning-management competence, developing interpersonal intelligence, and strengthening teacher commitment. Abstrak: Kompetensi Pengelolaan Pembelajaran, Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Komitmen, dan Kepuasan Kerja Guru SMK. Tujuan penelitian survei ini adalah mendeskripsikan pengaruh kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran, kecerdasan interpersonal, dan komitmen terhadap kepuasan kerja guru SMK. Populasi berjumlah 350 guru dengan sampel sebanyak 80 guru yang dipilih secara rambang. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan angket, dan dianalisis dengan analisis jalur (path analysis. Hasil penelitian menun­jukkan bahwa kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran berpengaruh langsung terhadap komitmen; kecer­dasan interpersonal berpengaruh langsung terhadap komitmen; kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru; kecerdasan interpersonal berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru; dan komitmen berpengaruh langsung terhadap kepuasan kerja guru. Kepuasan kerja guru dapat ditingkatkan melalui pengembangan kompetensi pengelolaan pembelajaran, peningkatan kecerdasan interpersonal dan penguatan

  4. IDENTIFIKASI TAHAP BERPIKIR GEOMETRI CALON GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DITINJAU DARI TAHAP BERPIKIR VAN HIELE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isna Rafianti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh masalah dalam penguasaan konsep geometri yang membutuhkan pola berpikir dalam menerapkan konsep dan keterampilan dalam memecahkan masalah tersebut. Tetapi dalam kenyataannya siswa-siswa masih mengalami kesulitan dalam mempelajari dan memecahkan soal-soal geometri. Mahasiswa S1 Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa merupakan mahasiswa yang dipersiapkan untuk menjadi guru sekolah dasar yang profesional. Bukan hanya penguasaan konsep yang harus dimiliki seorang guru, tetapi kesiapan dalam hal mengajar juga harus diperhatikan, terutama pada materi geometri. Guru sebaiknya mengetahui tahapan atau level berpikir geometri siswanya berada pada tahap apa, agar proses pembelajaran dapat dipahami oleh siswa. Sebelum guru mengetahui tahapan berpikir siswanya, sebaiknya guru juga mengetahui tahap berpikir geometri yang dimilikinya, agar guru dapat mengevaluasi diri ketika nanti akan mengajar. Tahap berpikir yang menjadi acuan adalah tahap berpikir geometri dari Van Hiele. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi tahap berpikir geometri calon guru Sekolah Dasar ditinjau dari tahap  berpikir Van Hiele. Metode yang digunakan adalah menggunakan penelitian deskriptif. Adapun instrumen yang digunakan yaitu angket berupa tes tertulis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tahap berpikir geometri calon guru Sekolah Dasar ditinjau dari tahap  berpikir Van Hiele sebagian besar (50% hanya mencapai tahap 1 atau tahap pengenalan. Kata Kunci: Geometri, Tahap Berpikir

  5. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN KEAKTIFAN GURU DALAM MENGIKUTI MGMP TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

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    Ida Saroh

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the teachers’ performance did not meet the expectation based on the competencies. There were many problems related to their performance such as; only a few teachers who did classroom action research, creating the lesson plans which were not supported by the learning media, the lack of learning sources, delivering the lesson without using creative learning so students were difficult to get the lesson. The factors which could influence the teachers’ performance were the principals’ leadership, the teachers’ activeness to join the Subject Teachers Forum/ Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran (MGMP. Thus; the problem of the study: was there any influence of the principals’ leadership, the teachers’ activeness to join MGMP toward the Economics/ Accounting teachers’ performance of Senior High Schools in Kendal either partially or simultaneously? It was a population research so 35 Economics/ Accounting teachers of State Senior High Schools in Kendal as the samples. The data were analyzed by percentage descriptive analysis and doubled linear regression analysis. Based on the result of the study; simultaneously the principals’ leadership and the teachers’ activeness to join MGMP influenced positively and significantly up to 55.5% toward the Economics/ Accounting teachers’ performance of State Senior High Schools in Kendal and partially, the 1st variable (The principals’ leadership influenced up to 43.16%, whereas the 2nd variable (The teachers’ activeness influenced only 16%.

  6. PENGKONSTRUKSIAN SEKTOR GURU DARI GRIYA JAWA: TAFSIR ATAS KAWRUH KALANG

    OpenAIRE

    Josef Prijotomo

    2005-01-01

    Kawruh Kalang and Kawruh Griya are two Jawanese architectural texts being produced in the transitional period of the 19th to the 20th century. Following two of three steps of interpretation, as stated by Poespoprodjo, a study upon the guru-sector of Jawanese architecture is presented here. Among numerous findings of that study, one of them is the key position of the structural member named balandar-pangeret. This component not only direct and control the measurement of any Jawanese building, ...

  7. Seren Taun Guru Bumi Harmony of Islam and Pasundan Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdurrahman Misno BP

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The advent of Islam in Tatar Sunda (West Java lent a new color to the culture that had previously existed there. The nature of Islam which was friendly to the local culture, made it easy to be accepted by the Sundanese people without bloodshed. The results are a variety of cultural rituals rooted in Sundanese culture yet rich with Islamic culture. Seren Taun Guru Bumi is one of the rituals of the Sundanese people deeply-rooted in the belief of Nyi Pohaci (Dewi Sri as the goddess of fertility. The involvement of the researcher in this ritual made the data a primary source which is the implementation of Seren Taun Guru Bumi in Sindang Barang Cultural Village, Bogor, West Java. This research shows that the ritual of Seren Taun Guru Bumi is a form of Islamic harmony with the Sundanese culture. Islamic culture assimilates in the frame of Sundanese traditions in Tatar Sunda, in which both are brought together in the ritual as a form of gratitude to God Almighty.

  8. FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENENTU KOMITMEN ORGANISASI GURU SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiur Asi Siburian

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Factors Determining Organization Commitment of Senior High School Teachers. This survey aims to examine the effects of interpersonal communication, organization culture, job satisfaction, and achievement motivation on the organization commitment of senior high school teachers. Utilizing questionnaires distributed to 150 respondents, this study found that teachers’ organization commitment was directly as well as indirectly affected by the variables of interpersonal communication, organization culture, job satisfaction, and achievement motivation. Abstrak: Faktor-faktor Penentu Komitmen Organisasi Guru SMA. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menguji pengaruh komunikasi interpersonal, budaya organisasi, kepuasan kerja, dan motivasi berprestasi terhadap komitmen organisasi guru SMA Negeri di Kabupaten Humbang Hasundutan. Penelitian memggunakan desain eksplanatif, dan pengambilan data dilakukan melalui survey pada 150 responden yang diambil dengan sampling random proporsional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komitmen or­ganisasi guru SMA dipengaruhi secara langsung dan tidak langsung oleh empat variabel, yaitu komunikasi interpersonal, budaya organisasi, kepuasan kerja, dan motivasi berprestasi. Temuan penelitian menunjuk­kan bahwa keempat variabel tersebut masih perlu ditingkatkan lebih lanjut.

  9. PROFIL GURU SMK TEKNIK PEMESINAN DAN RELEVANSINYA DENGAN KURIKULUM PRODI PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK MESIN FT UNY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surono Surono

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan: (1 profil ideal guru SMK Kompetensi Keahlian Teknik Pemesinan (KKTP, (2 relevansi profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP dengan kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY, (3 proses pembelajaran di Prodi PTM FT UNY, dan (4 profil calon guru SMK-KKTP. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan metode survei, yang dilakukan di Prodi PTM FT UNY dan sebelas SMK di provinsi DIY. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah dokumentasi dan angket. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian adalah sebagai berikut. (1 Profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP terdiri dari lima aspek yaitu kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi bidang studi keahlian, kompetensi manajerial, kompetensi kepribadian, dan kompetensi sosial.  Profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP termasuk dalam kategori sangat penting (88,27%. (2 Relevansi profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP dengan kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY mencapai 100%. Terdapat 59 kompetensi tambahan dalam kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY untuk menyiapkan lulusannya agar dapat bekerja di industri, menjadi instruktur, atau menjadi widyaiswara. (3 Pembelajaran di Prodi PTM FT UNY menurut persepsi dosen termasuk dalam kategori sangat memadai (84,26% dan menurut persepsi mahasiswa termasuk dalam kategori memadai (77,89%. (4 Profil calon guru SMK-KKTP menurut persepsi guru pembimbing PPL termasuk dalam kategori baik (79,12%; menurut persepsi dosen termasuk dalam kategori baik (79,69%; dan menurut persepsi mahasiswa termasuk dalam kategori baik (80,21%.

  10. PENGARUH KOMPETENSI MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH, LINGKUNGAN, MOTIVASI GURU, TERHADAP PRESTASI SISWA SMA MUHAMMADIYAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Jamali

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan: (1 pengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru; (2 pengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung antara lingkungan sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru; (3 pengaruh langsung antara motivasi berprestasi guru dengan prestasi belajar siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian ex-post facto, dengan populasi 318 guru SMA Muhammadiyah Kota Yogyakarta dan sampel 200 orang yang dipilih dengan teknik proportional sampling. Instrumen pengumpulan data berupa kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis jalur untuk menguji hipotesis penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 terdapat pengaruh langsung dan tak langsung kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa, dengan sumbangan efektif 5,52% dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru, (sumbangan efektif sebesar 32,09%; (2 tidak terdapat pengaruh langsung antara lingkungan sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa; (3 terdapat pengaruh tidak langsung antara lingkungan sekolah dengan prestasi belajar siswa melalui motivasi berprestasi guru, (sumbangan efektif sebesar 1,04%; (4 terdapat pengaruh langsung antara motivasi berprestasi guru dengan prestasi belajar siswa, (sumbangan efektif sebesar 47,06%. Jadi secara keseluruhan sumbangan yang diberikan oleh kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah, lingkungan sekolah, motivasi berprestasi guru baik secara langsung maupun tidak terhadap prestasi belajar siswa sebesar 85,71%. Hal ini berarti jika kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah, lingkungan sekolah dan motivasi berprestasi guru ditingkatkan kualitasnya maka akan berkontribusi positif terhadap peningkatan prestasi belajar siswa SMA Muhammadiyah Kota Yogyakarta. Kata Kunci: kompetensi manajerial kepala sekolah, lingkungan sekolah

  11. PERMASALAHAN GURU BAHASA INGGRIS DALAM MENGIMPLEMENTASIKAN KURIKULUM 2013 DI SLTA KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUSWATI HENDRIANI

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The research is conducted based on the fact that Senior high school English teachers of Tanah Datar Regency face problems in implementing curiculum 2013.The research is aimed at finding out the problems of the teachers related to the implementation of the Curriculum. Therefore, a qualitative research method was applied. To collect the data of the research, interview technique was used. To analyze the colled data, interactive model of analysis as proposed by Miles and Huberman was used. The results of the research show that there were two types of the problems that the teachers faced in implementing the new Curriculum, those deriving from the teachers themsevels, and those deriving from others, like government, students and facilities. Kata kunci: permasalahan, guru, bahasa Inggris, implementasi, kurikulum 2013

  12. PENGARUH PEMAHAMAN KURIKULUM, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laeli Mafudah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi awal tentang kinerja guru di Kabupaten Semarang menunjukkan bahwa masih terdapat kendala dalam pencapaian kinerja guru yang maksimal khususnya guru mata pelajaran produktif di SMK Bisnis dan Manajemen. Populasi penelitian ini adalah guru mata pelajaran produktif Akuntansi, Administrasi Perkantoran dan Manajemen SMK di Kabupaten Semarang yang berjumlah 30 guru. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman kurikulum, motivasi kerja dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah secara simultan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 82,7%. Pengaruh secara parsial juga didapatkan pada variabel independen terhadap variabel dependen. Pemahaman kurikulum berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 18,84%. Motivasi kerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 20,43%, serta kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja guru SMK sebesar 21,62%. Based on beginning observation abaout teacher performance in Semarang Regency it is known that there are obstacles in achieving maximum performance of teachers especially productive subject teachers in Business and Management vocational high school. The population of this research was productive teachers of Accounting, Office Administration and Management in Semarang Regency consisted 30 teachers. Method used in collecting data was questionnaire. Variable data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that curriculumunderstanding, work motivation and principalsleadership simultaneously positive and significant influence on the performance of vocational teachers to 82.7%. Partial effect was also obtained on the independent variable on the dependent variable. Curriculumunderstandinghas positive and significant

  13. Community Sediment Transport Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    are used to determine that model results are consistent across compilers, platforms, and computer architectures , and to ensure that changes in code do...Mississippi State University: Bhate During the early months of this project, the focus was on understanding ROMS-CSTM model, architecture , and...Marchesiello, J.C. McWilliams, & K.D. Stolzenbach, 2007: Sediment transport modeling on Southern Californian shelves: A ROMS case study. Continental

  14. Tantangan Guru Sejarah: Pesan Sejarah sebagai Konsep Pendidikan Nilai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Senen

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Keberhasilan guru sejarah menyampaikan pesan sejarah sebagai suatu nilai moral yang perlu difahami siswa, terletak pada bagaimana cara guru mengembangkan materi pelajaran di depan kelas. Penggunaan metode pengajaran secara tepat yang dikemas secara kreatif akan memungkinkan pesan sejarah dapat disampaikan kepada siswa. Penekanan pada pesan sejarah ini penting, karena selama ini masih terkesan bahwa mata pelajaran sejarah hanya dianggap sebagai pengetahuan hafalan sejumlah peristiwa masa lalu. Hal demikian menyebabkan pemahaman siswa terhadap pelajaran sejarah sebatas pada pengetahuan deskriptif konsep apa, di mana, kapan dan mengapa suatu peristiwa sejarah terjadi, menjadi dasar mempelajari sejarah. Dalam kerangka memori tidaklah keliru. Tetapi sejarah sebagai mata pelajaran di sekolah dalam konsep pendidikan masih jauh dari harapan. Sebagai konsep pendidikan, pelajaran sejarah dapat bercerita kepada siswa. Oleh sebab itu, metode pengajaran sejarah oleh gum dengan pendekatan moral akan lebih tepat digunakan. Pendekatan moral sebagai konsep belajar mengajar lebih memungkinkan menjadikan pelajaran sejarah dinamis dalam menyikapi situasi yang berkembang dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Dengan demikian bahwa belajar sejarah memiliki dimensi masa lalu, kini dan akan datang akan terjawab melalui pendekatan moral dalam konsep pembelajarannya.

  15. A community assessment model appropriate for the Iranian community.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kourosh Holakouie Naieni

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Community assessment is one of the core competencies for public health professionals; mainly because it gives them a better understanding of the strengths and drawbacks of their jurisdictions. We planned to recognize an appropriate model that provides a conceptual framework for the Iranian community.This study was conducted in Tehran, during 2009-2010 and consisted of two parts: a review of the literature and qualitative interview with selected experts as well as focus group discussion with health field staff. These steps were done to develop a conceptual framework: planning for a steering committee, forming a working committee, re-viewing community assessment models and projects, preparing the proposed model draft, in-depth interview and focused group discussions with national experts, finalizing the draft, and preparing the final model.Three different models published and applied routinely in different contexts. The 2008 North Carolina Community Assessment model was used as a reference. Ten national and 18 international projects were compared to the reference and one and six projects were completely compatible with this model, respectively.Our final proposed model takes communities through eight steps to complete a collaborative community assessment: form a community assessment team, solicit community participation and gain inter-sectoral collaboration, establish a working committee, empower the community, collect and analyze community's primary and secondary statistics, solicit community input to select health priorities, evaluate the community assessment and develop the community assessment document, an develop the community action plans.

  16. Creating the Livestock Guru: ICTs to enhance livestock-related knowledge among poor households in Orissa, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yibo; Heffernan, Claire

    2010-10-01

    The following paper details the creation and dissemination of a multi-media learning program for poor livestock keepers in Orissa, India: the Livestock Guru. To devise the learning content, interviews were held with 240 poor livestock-keeping households in four districts in Orissa State. Methods for measuring user demand and assessing disease priorities are detailed in addition to a description of the software content, design, and dissemination strategy. The software was based on situated learning theory. Following this approach, the Livestock Guru was created to be contextually specific to the learning environment of the users. Further, to support a demand-led paradigm, the software was designed to be fully inter-active, where users have a choice over the learning material on offer. The results demonstrate that appropriately designed information and communication technologies can help alleviate barriers to knowledge acquisition by poor livestock keepers at the community level. As such, the overall aim of the paper is to enable the software to be replicated in other contexts.

  17. MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI PEDAGOGI GURU MELALUI LESSON STUDY MENUJU MUTU PEMBELAJARAN GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syafruddin Syafruddin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to examine strategies for improving pedagogical competence through in service training that is more focused on the empowerment of teachers in accordance with the capacity and the problems faced by teachers in the classroom, to improve the quality of teacher learning through lesson study. lesson study is a model of professional development of educators through collaborative learning and continuous assessment based on collegiality and mutual learning. to build a learning community. lesson study selected and implemented in order to improve the pedagogical competence as an effective way to improve the quality of learning and teaching in class. Lesson study carried out in the form of a cycle plan-do-see. through lesson study expected to increase pedagogical competence and increase the quality of learning.

  18. SUPERVISI DALAM PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU MELALUI GUGUS SEKOLAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enis Purnawanti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan: (1 teknik yang digunakan, (2 faktor pendukung dan pendayagunaan, (3 kendala dan cara mengatasi nya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi situs di gugus sekolah I dan gugus Sekolah II Unit Dinas Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Kecamatan Munjungan melalui teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data melalui dua tahap: (1 analisis data tiap gugus, (2 analisis lintas gugus. Hasil penelitian: Teknik yang digunakan adalah teknik kelompok. Faktor pendukung dan pendayagunaan, yaitu (1 kesetiakawanan antar guru dan lembaga cukup tinggi pendayagunaan nya dengan menjalin komunikasi yang efektif antar personil dan antar lembaga; (2 Adanya dana sertifikasi dengan mewajibkan guru mengikuti kegiatan KKG dengan biaya swadaya; (3 wilayah gugus yang tidak luas pendayagunaan dengan melaksanakan koordinasi antar sekolah dan antar personil secara intens. Kendala dan cara mengatasinya yaitu: (1 tidak ada aturan yang resmi dari pemerintah tentang pelaksanaan KKG dan pengelolaan gugus solusinya dengan melaksanakan kegiatan berdasarkan RKAG; (2 komitmen guru masih rendah cara mengatasinya dengan melibatkan semua unsur yang ada di gugus dalam perencanaan, pengawasan dan evaluasi kegiatan; (3 minimnya sarana prasarana penunjang kegiatan, adapun solusinya dengan memanfaatkan fasilitas dari sekolah inti dan lembaga lain. This study aims to describe: (1 the techniques used, (2 supporting factors and utilization, (3 problems and how to resolve it. This study used a qualitative approach with a multi-site study design in school cluster I and group II Unit School Department of Education and Culture District of Munjungan through observation, interviews, and documentation. Analysis of the data in two steps: (1 analysis of the data of each group, (2 analysis across the group. RESULTS: The technique used is the technique of the group. Factors supporting and utilization, namely: (1

  19. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENGHASILAN GURU DI ERA DESENTRALISASI PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwandi Suwandi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Factors Affecting Teacher Earnings in Education Decentralization Era. The purpose of this study is to describe the factors that affect the performance and income of teachers as a profession in the context of decentralization. This study is a cross-sectional research with population of all teachers in Indonesia. The technique of schools sampling are systematic random sampling procedure with all districts/cities in Indonesia as the sampling frame. Data collection used questionnaires and data analysis used descriptive and multiple regression analysis. This study found that the recruitment and promotion of teachers rank is determined by the competence and performance instead of seniority, the dominant factor affecting educator certification is the teachers’ rank/grade and qualifications, and the two most effective main variables on the teachers’ income are ranks/grades (seniority and educators’ certificates. Keywords: decentralization, certification, teacher performance, teacher earnings   Abstrak: Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penghasilan Guru di Era Desentralisasi Pendidikan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kinerja dan penghasilan guru sebagai profesi dalam konteks desentralisasi. Penelitian ini merupakan cross sectional dengan populasi seluruh guru di Indonesia. Teknik sampel sekolah yaitu systematic random sampling procedure dengan seluruh kabupaten/kota di Indonesia sebagai sampling frame. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dan analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan regresi ganda. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa rekrutmen dan promosi pangkat guru ditentukan oleh kompetensi dan kinerja ketimbang senioritasnya, faktor dominan yang berpengaruh terhadap sertifikasi pendidik adalah pangkat/golongan dan kualifikasi guru, dan dua variable pokok yang paling tinggi efeknya terhadap penghasilan guru, yaitu pangkat/golongan (senioritas dan sertifikat pendidik.   Kata

  20. UPAYA GURU SEJARAH DALAM MENYIASATI TUNTUTAN PEMANFAATAN ICT DALAM PEMBELAJARAN DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutiyah Sutiyah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the use of ICT, the obstacles and the efforts made by teachers in the learning of history. It took place at Senior High School in Surakarta using interviews, observation and document review methods. The results show that there are teachers who are really active but there are also some others who are very rare in using ICT. Generally ICT especially the Internet is used by the teachers to supplement the materials that do not exist in textbooks and to search for images as a learning medium, especially those that can not be made by them. For students, the source of the Internet is to fulfill the tasks given by the teacher. The obstacles encountered by the history teachers in dealing with the progress of ICT in the learning of history come from the teachers, students, schools, and students’ parents. The efforts conducted by the history teachers to address those obstacles are by giving assignments, asking for help from others and completing the software.Keywords: history teacher, ICT, learning of history  Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pemanfaatan ICT, kendala-kendala dan upaya yang dilakukan oleh guru dalam pembelajaran sejarah. Penelitian mengambil lokasi di SMA Kota Surakarta dengan menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi dan kajian dokumen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada guru yang begitu aktif tetapi masih ada pula yang sangat jarang menggunakan ICT. Secara umum ICT terutama internet digunakan oleh guru untuk melengkapi materi yang belum ada di buku teks dan untuk mencari gambar sebagai media pembelajaran, khususnya gambar yang tidak bisa dibuat sendiri. Bagi siswa, sumber dari internet adalah untuk memenuhi tugas yang diberikan guru. Kendala yang ditemui guru sejarah dalam menyiasati kemajuan ICT pada pembelajaran sejarah berasal dari guru, siswa, sekolah, dan orang tua siswa. Upaya yang dilakukan guru sejarah untuk mengatasi kendala-kendala itu adalah dengan penugasan, meminta bantuan orang

  1. HUBUNGAN ANTARA TAHAP KOMPETENSI FUNGSIONAL GURU DENGAN PENCAPAIAN AKADEMIK PELAJAR DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI NEGERI KELANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Saad, Norhana Mohamad; Baharuddin, Juliana; Ismail, Siti Noor

    2017-01-01

    Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti hubungan antara  tahap kompetensi fungsional guru dengan pencapaian akademik pelajar di sekolah menengah di negeri Kelantan.  Sejumlah 375 orang guru sekolah menengah di negeri Kelantan telah mengambil bahagian dalam kajian ini.  Instrumen soal selidik tahap kompetensi fungsional diadaptasi daripada Modul Penilaian Bersepadu Pegawai Perkhidmatan Pendidikan (PBPPP) Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia telah digunakan untu...

  2. Nisqually Community Forest VELMA modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    We developed a set of modeling tools to support community-based forest management and salmon-recovery planning in Pacific Northwest watersheds. Here we describe how these tools are being applied to the Mashel River Watershed in collaboration with the Board of Directors of the Nis...

  3. KINERJA GURU BERSERTIFIKASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN MANAJEMEN MUTU PENDIDIKAN DI MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH MUHAMMADIYAH SUDUNG KEDUNGTUBAN BLORA TAHUN 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudarno Shobron

    2016-06-01

    pendidikan terakhir; 3 Kurangnya sarana prasarana misalnya ruangan UKS, dan laboratorium, sehingga masih kesulitan saat praktek pembelajaran. Kata Kunci: kinerja guru; sertifikasi; manajemen mutu; pendidikan.

  4. A Reference Model for Online Learning Communities

    OpenAIRE

    Seufert, Sabine; Lechner, Ulrike; Stanoevska, Katarina

    2002-01-01

    Online learning communities are introduced as a comprehensive model for technology-enabled learning. We give an analysis of goals in education and the requirements to community platforms. The main contribution of the article is a reference model for online learning communities that consists of four layers designing the organizational, interaction, channel or service and the technological model of learning communities. This reference model captures didactic goals, learning methods and learning...

  5. Modelling asymmetric growth in crowded plant communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Christian

    2010-01-01

    A class of models that may be used to quantify the effect of size-asymmetric competition in crowded plant communities by estimating a community specific degree of size-asymmetric growth for each species in the community is suggested. The model consists of two parts: an individual size-asymmetric ......A class of models that may be used to quantify the effect of size-asymmetric competition in crowded plant communities by estimating a community specific degree of size-asymmetric growth for each species in the community is suggested. The model consists of two parts: an individual size...

  6. PROGRAM PPG UNTUK MEMBANGUN KOMPETENSI GURU GEOGRAFI (STUDI KASUS DI UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mega Prani Ningsih

    2016-10-01

    menjelaskan bentuk implementasi Program PPG SM3T dalam membangun kompetensi guru geografi alumni program SM3T. Bentuk implementasi Program PPG SM3T meliputi proses pengembangan kurikulum hingga penilaian kompetensi guru geografi. Kompetensi yang dimaksud adalah kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi kepribadian, kompetensi sosial, dan kompetensi profesional. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian studi kasus di Universitas Negeri Malang. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan model interaktif Miles dan Huberman. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa bentuk implementasi Program PPG meliputi beberapa tahapan, yaitu (1 tahap pengembangan silabus oleh pihak terkait sesuai kebijakan universitas; (2 tahap pra kondisi sebagai gabungan tahap pra kondisi dan pleno 1; (3 tahap sistem pembelajaran yang terdiri dari beberapa tahapan dan kegiatan pembelajaran, yaitu (a tahap workshop SSP terdiri atas tahapan kegiatan pleno 2, yaitu pendalaman materi kurikulum 2013, pre-test, diskusi kelompok yaitu diskusi materi geografi dan pedagogik yang belum dipahami, kerja kelompok mandiri yaitu menyusun perangkat pembelajaran, gabungan tahap pleno 3, revisi dan persetujuan RPP, yaitu peer teaching, tes formatif, KKL dan melakukan kegiatan insidental seperti menulis jurnal dan artikel ilmiah; (b tahap PPL terdiri dari tahapan prosesi penyerahan mahasiswa PPL ke sekolah, pelatihan KMD oleh pihak PPG, melakukan kegiatan mengajar dan non mengajar, penelitian PTK, dan uji kinerja berupa Lesson Study; dan (c tahap uji kompetensi terdiri dari, pendalaman materi subtansial geografi, Ujian Tulis Lokal, dan Ujian Tulis Nasional. Tahapan implementasi diarahkan dalam membangun kompetensi guru geografi, yaitu pedagogik, kepribadian, sosial, dan profesional.

  7. PENGARUH KOMUNIKASI INTERN DAN KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP EFEKTIVITAS KERJA GURU DAN KARYAWAN SMP NEGERI 1 SURUH KABUPATEN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Muhsin

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang dikaji dalam penelitian ini adalah : 1 Adakah pengaruh komunikasi intern terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan? 2 Adakah pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan? 3 Seberapa besar pengaruh komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan? Tujuan penelitian ini adalah : 1 untuk mengetahui ada dan besarnya pengaruh komunikasi intern terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan. 2 Untuk mengetahui ada dan besarnya pengaruh Kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan. 3.Untuk mengetahui ada dan besarnya pengaruh komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua guru dan karyawan yang ada di SMP Negeri 1 Suruh kabupaten Semarang yang berjumlah 40 orang.. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan  program statistic SPSS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pengaruh positif antara Komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah terhadap efektivitas kerja guru dan karyawan sebesar 68,7%. Uji pengaruh secara parsial menunjukkan bahwa seluruh variabel bebas  Komunikasi intern dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap Efektivitas kerja  dengan besarnya pengaruh masing-masing adalah 32,61% Untuk Komunikasi intern dan 25,62% untuk kepemimpinan kepala sekolah. Kata Kunci : Komunikasi Intern. Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Efektivitas Kerja

  8. Modelling coevolution in multispecies communities

    CERN Document Server

    Caldarelli, G; McKane, A J; Caldarelli, Guido; Higgs, Paul G.; Kane, Alan J. Mc

    1998-01-01

    We introduce the Webworld model, which links together the ecological modelling of food web structure with the evolutionary modelling of speciation and extinction events. The model describes dynamics of ecological communities on an evolutionary timescale. Species are defined as sets of characteristic features, and these features are used to determine interaction scores between species. A simple rule is used to transfer resources from the external environment through the food web to each of the species, and to determine mean population sizes. A time step in the model represents a speciation event. A new species is added with features similar to those of one of the existing species and a new food web structure is then calculated. The new species may (i) add stably to the web, (ii) become extinct immediately because it is poorly adapted, or (iii) cause one or more other species to become extinct due to competition for resources. We measure various properties of the model webs and compare these with data on real f...

  9. Models of Community Colleges in Mainland China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yi

    2017-01-01

    This chapter provides an overview of community colleges in mainland China, addressing briefly the recent history of community college development, defining these institutions, detailing various models with examples, and discussing challenges faced by these institutions and recommendations for future development.

  10. PELATIHAN PENELITIAN TINDAKAN KELAS/PTK (CLASSROOM ACTION RESEARCH GURU-GURU SLB/B TABANAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SRINADI I G. A.M

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Classroom Action Research/PTK can be done as class or school problem solving. With PTK, school education obtained the practical benefit including the mistakes of concept in subject and the teacher’s difficulties on learning. The aimed of this Community service was to introduce the basic concept and the execution procedure of classroom action research for the SLB/B Tabanan teachers. This training also improved their knowledge and skill of classroom action research. Based on the pre test, from 30 teachers as the participant of the training, there was a teacher in the good category, 17 teachers in the fairly good category and 12 in the poor category. By the end of the training, the post test descriptively showed that after attending this training there were no longer teacher in the poor category, 13 teachers in the fairly good category and 17 in the good category.

  11. PENGARUH KINERJA MENGAJAR GURU, KETERLIBATAN ORANG TUA, AKTUALISASI DIRI DAN MOTIVASI BERPRESTASI TERHADAP PRESTASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Junianto

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri dan motivasi berprestasi terhadap prestasi siswa kelas XII pada mata pelajaran teori Teknik Kendaraan Ringan di SMK Negeri Se-Kabupaten Gunungkidul. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian kuantitatif dengan rancangan ex post facto.  Populasi penelitian ini sebanyak 535 siswa dengan sampel sebanyak 237 siswa, yang ditentukan secara proportional random sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan dua cara yaitu angket dan tes prestasi. Data penelitian yang terkumpul dianalisis menggunakan analisis regresi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri dan motivasi berprestasi masing-masing sebesar 0,145; 0,128; 0,108; dan 0,098. Kata kunci: kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri, motivasi berprestasi, prestasi belajar

  12. PENGARUH SELF EFFICACY, PRESTISE PROFESI GURU DAN STATUS SOSIAL EKONOMI ORANG TUA TERHADAP MINAT MENJADI GURU AKUNTANSI PADA MAHASISWA PENDIDIKAN AKUNTANSI 2011 FE UNNES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ita Astarini

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Minat menjadi guru akuntansi merupakan perasaan suka, tertarik atau perhatian seseorang terhadap profesi guru akuntansi. Minat dapat dipengaruhi beberapa faktor baik intrinsik maupun ekstrinsik. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adakah pengaruh self efficacy, prestise profesi guru dan status sosial ekonomi orang tua terhadap minat menjadi guru akuntansi pada mahasiswa program studi pendidikan akuntansi angkatan 2011 FE UNNES baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa pendidikan ekonomi (akuntansi angkatan 2011 FE UNNES sebanyak 178 mahasiswa. Penetuan jumlah sampel menggunakan rumus Slovin dan didapat 123 mahasiswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan menggunakan teknik proportional random sampling. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode kuesioner. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferensial. Hasil perhitungan secara simultan menunjukkan bahwa pengaruh self efficacy, prestise profesi guru dan status sosial ekonomi orang tua terhadap minat menjadi guru akuntansi sebesar 49,9%, sedangkan sisanya 50,1% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diungkap dalam penelitian ini. Secara parsial besarnya pengaruh pengaruh self efficacy terhadap minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi sebesar 43,29%, pengaruh prestise profesi terhadap minat menjadi guru akuntansi sebesar 9,42%, dan pengaruh status sosial ekonomi orang tua terhadap minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi 5,90%. Interest to become a accounting teachers is feeling like, interested or someone's attention to the accounting teacher profession. Interests can be influenced by several factors, both intrinsic and extrinsic. The purpose of this research is to determine the influence between self-efficacy, students perceptions about the prestige of the teaching profession and socio-economic status of parents to interest become accounting teacher in accounting education students of class of 2011

  13. PENGARUH DISIPLIN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Wahyudi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh simultan dan parsial disiplin kerja, motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah terhadap kinerja guru. Populasi dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 37 guru, penentuan sampel menggunakan rumus yang dikembangkan oleh Isaac & Michael yang berjumlah 34 guru. Sampel diambil menggunakan teknik sample random sampling. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner tertutup. Analisis yang digunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis inferensial parametriks. Hasil penelitian diperoleh terdapat pengaruh simultan disiplin kerja,motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah terhadap kinerja guru sebesar 65,4 %. Terdapat pengaruh parsial disiplin kerja sebesar 17.56%, motivasi kerja sebesar 27.77%, dan supervisi kepala sekolah sebesar 15.21% terhadap kinerja guru. Dengan adanya disiplin kerja, motivasi kerja, dan supervisi kepala sekolah dapat meningkatkan kinerja guru. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there was influences of working discipline, working motivation, school principal supervision toward working performance teachers. The population in this research was 37 teacher’s, determination of the sample using the formula developed by Isaac & Michael, amounting to 34 teacher’s. Samples were taken using simple random sampling technique. The data collection methods used a closed questionnaire. The analysis technique use were descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The research results are simultaneous the influence of working discipline, working motivation, and school principal supervision toward working performance teachers is 65.4%. There is a partial influence of working discipline is 17.56%, work motivation is 27.77%, and school principal supervision of 15:21% toward performance of teachers. With the existence of working discipline, working motivation, and school principal supervision can improve teacher performance.

  14. Upaya Meningkatkan Keefektifan Pembelajaran bahasa Inggris melalui Kreativitas Guru dalam Merancang Tugas-Tugas Komunikatif di SMA 2 Wonosari (Penelitian Tindakan Kelas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurudin Prihartono

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap upaya meningkatkan keefektifan pembelajaran bahasa Inggris melalui kreativitas guru dalam merancang tugas-tugas komunikatif di SMA 2 Wonosari. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas XC dan XD. Data penelitian ini adalah data kualitatif. Sumber data adalah guru sekaligus sebagai peneliti, kolaborator utama (guru bahasa Inggris kelas lain} siswa, dan kepala sekolah (PTH sebagai kolaborator pendukung. Teknik perolehan data adalah observasi dan wawancara. Observasi proses belajar mengajar dilakukan oleh guru peneliti dibantu kolaborator utama dan kepala sekolah. Untuk memperoleh data perilaku guru dan siswa, digunakan lembar observasi Wawancara dilakukan oleh guru peneliti dengan siswa, kolaborator utama, dan kepala sekolah untuk memperoleh data perilaku guru dan siswa, dengan menggunakan pedoman wawancara dan direkam dengan tape recorder. Data dianalisis dari catatan lapangan dan hasil wawancara. Untuk menghindari subjekdvitas, peneliti meng-gunakan triangulasL Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada perubahan positif yakni: proses belajar mengajar bahasa Inggris menjadi lebih aktif; siswa lebih aktif dalam pembelajaran; siswa lebih berani berbahasa Inggris; siswa lebih antusias dalam pembelajaran; guru bahasa Inggris kelas lain dan Kepala Sekolah mendapat pengetahuan dan pengalaman dalam perancangan dan penerapan tugas-tugas komunikatif serta pengelolaan interaksi guru-siswa; dan guru peneliti lebih percaya diri dalam mengajarkan bahasa Inggris. Kata Kunci: keefektifan pembelajaran bahasa inggris, kreativitas guru, merancang tugas komunikatif.

  15. Pengaruh Kompetensi Pedagogik dan Kompetensi Profesional Guru terhadap Economic Literacy melalui Prestasi Belajar Siswa Kelas XII IPS di SMA Kota Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denik Wulandari

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji pengaruh (1 kompetensi pedagogik guru terhadap economic literacy melalui prestasi belajar siswa, (2 kompetensi profesional guru terhadap economic literacy melalui prestasi belajar siswa. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap siswa kelas XII IPS di SMA RSBI se-Kota Malang pada tahun 2012, data diperoleh dari angket, tes, dan dokumentasi. Hasil pene-litian: (1 kompetensi pedagogik guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap economic literacy; (2 kompetensi pedagogik guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar; (3 prestasi belajar berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap economic literacy; (4 kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap economic literacy; dan (5 kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut secara keseluruhan dapat diketahui bahwa kompetensi pedagogik dan kompetensi profesional guru dapat mempengaruhi economic literacy siswa melalui prestasi belajar siswa. Kata kunci: kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi profesional, prestasi belajar, economic literacy

  16. Peningkatan Kesiapan Guru dalam Mengintegrasikan Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup di Tingkat Pendidikan Dasar melalui Penyiapan Modul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istamar Syamsuri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan modul Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup (PLH guna meningkatkan kesiapan guru dalam mengintegrasikan PLH ke dalam mata pelajaran di SD dan SMP. Ada tiga tahapan penelitian. Tahap eksplorasi bertujuan mendapatkan gambaran pelaksanaan pengajaran PLH selama ini. Tahap eksperimentasi bertujuan menguji keefektifan modul. Tahap evaluasi bertujuan mengevaluasi modul. Eksplorasi dilakukan di SD dan SMP se-Jawa, dengan menyebarkan angket. Eksperimen dilaksanakan di Jawa Timur dengan rancangan Prates-Pascates Rambang Tiga Kelompok. Hasil eksplorasi menunjukkan bahwa guru SD dan SMP belum siap mengintegrasikan PLH yang disusun cukup dapat diandalkan

  17. DETERMINAN KESIAPAN GURU EKONOMI SMA DALAM IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM 2013 DI KABUPATEN PURBALINGGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arina Tri Astuti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan observasi awal, diketahui bahwa 75% guru ekonomi SMA belum siap dalam mengimplementasikan kurikulum 2013. Selain itu, terdapat kendala dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 yakni kurangnya fasilitas yang mendukung dan kurangnya pelatihan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya pengaruh kompetensi guru, pelatihan, fasilitas sekolah, kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan peran pengawas sekolah terhadap kesiapan guru ekonomi SMA dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013 di Kabupaten Purbalingga. Populasi penelitian ini adalah guru ekonomi SMA di Kabupaten Purbalingga yang berjumlah 36 guru. Penelitian ini termasuk dalam penelitian sensus dikarenakan jumlah populasi yang sedikit. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengambilan data adalah angket. Data variabel dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini secara statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh kompetensi guru, pelatihan, fasilitas sekolah, kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dan peran pengawas sekolah secara simultan sebesar 74,5%. Secara parsial kompetensi guru berpengaruh sebesar 14,82%, pelatihan berpengaruh sebesar 30,36%, fasilitas sekolah berpengaruh 15,13% dan kepemimpinan kepala sekolah berpengaruh sebesar 12,74%, sedangkan peran pengawas sekolah tidak berpengaruh terhadap kesiapan guru ekonomi dalam implementasi kurikulum 2013. Based on the beginning observation, it is known that 75% of high school economics teacher is not ready to implement curriculum 2013. Besides, there were obstacles in implementing curriculum 2013 such as the lack of supporting facilities and training. This study investigates whether there are influences of teacher competence, training, school facilities, principal leadership and supervisory roles on senior high school economics teachers in implementing curriculum 2013 in Purbalingga regency. The population of this research was the senior high school economics teachers in Purbalingga regency consisted of 36

  18. EVALUASI KINERJA GURU FISIKA, BIOLOGI DAN KIMIA SMA YANG SUDAH LULUS SERTIFIKASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusrizal Yusrizal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan (1 mengembangkan instrumen evaluasi kinerja guru yang valid dan reliabel, (2 mengevaluasi kinerja guru Fisika, Biologi, dan Kimia SMA yang sudah terser-tifikasi/menerima tunjangan profesi. Populasi penelitian yaitu seluruh guru Fisika, Biologi dan Kimia SMA tersertifikasi/pene-rima tunjangan profesi yang berada di Kota Banda Aceh, Kabupaten Aceh Besar dan Kabupaten Pidie. Validitas konstruk instrumen yang dikembangkan dibuktikan melalui analisis fak-tor, dan reliabilitasnya diestimasi dengan rumus alpha Cron-bach. Analisis tingkat kinerja ditentukan dengan persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 instrumen yang dikembang-kan terdiri atas 33 butir pernyataan, dan memiliki koefisien reliabilitas konsistensi internal sebesar 0,953; (2 kinerja guru Fisika, Biologi, dan Kimia SMA yang sudah lulus sertifikasi dan sudah menerima tunjangan belum seluruhnya berkinerja tinggi; (3 kinerja guru Kimia relatif lebih baik dari pada kinerja guru Biologi dan guru Fisika. Kata kunci: evaluasi, kinerja guru, validitas, reliabilitas ______________________________________________________________ AN EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF CERTIFIED SCIENCE TEACHERS (PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS Abstract This study was aimed at (1 developing a valid and reliable performance evaluation instruments for teachers, and (2 evaluating the level of Physics, Biology and Chemistry teachers of senior high schools who have been certified and received theprofession allowance. The population of this study included all certified Physics, Biology and Chemistry teachers of senior high schools who have received profession allowance in Banda Aceh, Aceh Besar, and Pidie. The construct validity of the instrument developed was assessed through factor analysis, and the reliability was estimated by using Cronbach’s Alpha formula. The level of teachers’performance was analyzed by the percentage. The result of the research shows that (1 the

  19. Multiscale Modeling of Microbial Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchard, Andrew

    Although bacteria are single-celled organisms, they exist in nature primarily in the form of complex communities, participating in a vast array of social interactions through regulatory gene networks. The social interactions between individual cells drive the emergence of community structures, resulting in an intricate relationship across multiple spatiotemporal scales. Here, I present my work towards developing and applying the tools necessary to model the complex dynamics of bacterial communities. In Chapter 2, I utilize a reaction-diffusion model to determine the population dynamics for a population with two species. One species (CDI+) utilizes contact dependent inhibition to kill the other sensitive species (CDI-). The competition can produce diverse patterns, including extinction, coexistence, and localized aggregation. The emergence, relative abundance, and characteristic features of these patterns are collectively determined by the competitive benefit of CDI and its growth disadvantage for a given rate of population diffusion. The results provide a systematic and statistical view of CDI-based bacterial population competition, expanding the spectrum of our knowledge about CDI systems and possibly facilitating new experimental tests for a deeper understanding of bacterial interactions. In the following chapter, I present a systematic computational survey on the relationship between social interaction types and population structures for two-species communities by developing and utilizing a hybrid computational framework that combines discrete element techniques with reaction-diffusion equations. The impact of deleterious and beneficial interactions on the community are quantified. Deleterious interactions generate an increased variance in relative abundance, a drastic decrease in surviving lineages, and a rough expanding front. In contrast, beneficial interactions contribute to a reduced variance in relative abundance, an enhancement in lineage number, and a

  20. A Community Membership Life Cycle Model

    CERN Document Server

    Sonnenbichler, Andreas C

    2010-01-01

    Web 2.0 is transforming the internet: Information consumers become information producers and consumers at the same time. In virtual places like Facebook, Youtube, discussion boards and weblogs diversificated topics, groups and issues are propagated and discussed. Today an internet user is a member of lots of communities at different virtual places. "Real life" group membership and group behavior has been analyzed in science intensively in the last decades. Most interestingly, to our knowledge, user roles and behavior have not been adapted to the modern internet. In this work, we give a short overview of traditional community roles. We adapt those models and apply them to virtual online communities. We suggest a community membership life cycle model describing roles a user can take during his membership in a community. Our model is systematic and generic; it can be adapted to concrete communities in the web. The knowledge of a community's life cycle allows influencing the group structure: Stage transitions can...

  1. Modeling agriculture in the Community Land Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Drewniak

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The potential impact of climate change on agriculture is uncertain. In addition, agriculture could influence above- and below-ground carbon storage. Development of models that represent agriculture is necessary to address these impacts. We have developed an approach to integrate agriculture representations for three crop types – maize, soybean, and spring wheat – into the coupled carbon–nitrogen version of the Community Land Model (CLM, to help address these questions. Here we present the new model, CLM-Crop, validated against observations from two AmeriFlux sites in the United States, planted with maize and soybean. Seasonal carbon fluxes compared well with field measurements for soybean, but not as well for maize. CLM-Crop yields were comparable with observations in countries such as the United States, Argentina, and China, although the generality of the crop model and its lack of technology and irrigation made direct comparison difficult. CLM-Crop was compared against the standard CLM3.5, which simulates crops as grass. The comparison showed improvement in gross primary productivity in regions where crops are the dominant vegetation cover. Crop yields and productivity were negatively correlated with temperature and positively correlated with precipitation, in agreement with other modeling studies. In case studies with the new crop model looking at impacts of residue management and planting date on crop yield, we found that increased residue returned to the litter pool increased crop yield, while reduced residue returns resulted in yield decreases. Using climate controls to signal planting date caused different responses in different crops. Maize and soybean had opposite reactions: when low temperature threshold resulted in early planting, maize responded with a loss of yield, but soybean yields increased. Our improvements in CLM demonstrate a new capability in the model – simulating agriculture in a realistic way, complete with

  2. PENGARUH SUPERVISI KEPALA SEKOLAH DAN MOTIVASI KERJA GURU TERHADAP KINERJA GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    uli uslihatul ulya

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Teachers performance is a job result that reached by teacher in perform duty assignment that is charged to them.� In Fact there are many� problems / con- straint that gets bearing with teacher performance, amongst those, not all teacher are develop Lesson Plan until maximal. where at in it don�t at education point entries nation character and has no it Explorations, Elaboration, Confirmation in activity fundamental learning. Then in teaching and learning interaction performing, not all teacher are utilize media and a variety learning model. Method that is utilized is not variation,only discourse and question-answer. Besides it, extant teacher which haven�t performed Action Research brazes. That thing because of� headmaster su- pervision was not performed with best and teacher have not high job motivation. Problem formulation in this research is what exists positive influence headmaster supervision and teacher job motivation for economics-accountancy teachers perfor- mance in every SMA Negeri of� Pemalang Regency whether simultan or partial.

  3. Modeling agriculture in the Community Land Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Drewniak

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The potential impact of climate change on agriculture is uncertain. In addition, agriculture could influence above- and below-ground carbon storage. Development of models that represent agriculture is necessary to address these impacts. We have developed an approach to integrate agriculture representations for three crop types – maize, soybean, and spring wheat – into the coupled carbon-nitrogen version of the Community Land Model (CLM, to help address these questions. Here we present the new model, CLM-Crop, validated against observations from two AmeriFlux sites in the United States, planted with maize and soybean. Seasonal carbon fluxes compared well with field measurements. CLM-Crop yields were comparable with observations in some regions, although the generality of the crop model and its lack of technology and irrigation made direct comparison difficult. CLM-Crop was compared against the standard CLM3.5, which simulates crops as grass. The comparison showed improvement in gross primary productivity in regions where crops are the dominant vegetation cover. Crop yields and productivity were negatively correlated with temperature and positively correlated with precipitation. In case studies with the new crop model looking at impacts of residue management and planting date on crop yield, we found that increased residue returned to the litter pool increased crop yield, while reduced residue returns resulted in yield decreases. Using climate controls to signal planting date caused different responses in different crops. Maize and soybean had opposite reactions: when low temperature threshold resulted in early planting, maize responded with a loss of yield, but soybean yields increased. Our improvements in CLM demonstrate a new capability in the model – simulating agriculture in a realistic way, complete with fertilizer and residue management practices. Results are encouraging, with improved representation of human influences on the land

  4. Print and Electronic Resources: Usage Statistics at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Kanta

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to quantify the use of electronic journals in comparison with the print collections in the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library. Design/methodology/approach: A detailed analysis was made of the use of lending services, the Xerox facility and usage of electronic journals such as Science Direct,…

  5. Print and Electronic Resources: Usage Statistics at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Kanta

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to quantify the use of electronic journals in comparison with the print collections in the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library. Design/methodology/approach: A detailed analysis was made of the use of lending services, the Xerox facility and usage of electronic journals such as Science Direct,…

  6. Jaap Sahib : The Cosmology of Guru Gobind Singh -Translated into English and French Verse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Daneille; Gill, Harjeet Singh

    In this cosmology, Guru Gobind Singh presents a correspondence and concordance between the physical and the metaphysical, between the secular and the spiritual. It presents a possibility that can revolutionise the whole historical progression of mankind. (With Text in Original Gurumukhi Script and Roman Transliteration).

  7. Performance Engineering in the Community Atmosphere Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Worley, P; Mirin, A; Drake, J; Sawyer, W

    2006-05-30

    The Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) is the atmospheric component of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM) and is the primary consumer of computer resources in typical CCSM simulations. Performance engineering has been an important aspect of CAM development throughout its existence. This paper briefly summarizes these efforts and their impacts over the past five years.

  8. KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL GURU TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN IPS DI SD INPRES 6/86 LABURASSENG DESA LABURASSENG KECAMATAN LIBURENG KABUPATEN BONE SULAWESI SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Taufiq Halim

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh jauhnya lokasi sekolah dari pusat perkotaan sehingga menyebabkan kurangnya informasi yang masuk ke sekolah ini. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan konstruksi sosial guru terhadap pembelajaran IPS, mendeskripsikan implementasi pembelajaran IPS di SD Inpres 6/86 Laburasseng, mendeskripsikan dampak pembelajaran IPS di SD Inpres 6/86 Laburasseng. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis dalam penelitian ini dengan menggunakan model interaktif yakni pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan verifikasi data. Hasil penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa konstruksi sosial guru terhadap pembelajaran IPS berbeda-beda khususnya pada tahap objektifikasi dan terjadi pergeseran pandangan terhadap pembelajaran IPS yang ideal yang menyebabkan implementasi dari pembelajaran IPS menyimpang sehingga berdampak pada perilaku siswa. Berdasarkan hal tersebut disarankan agar guru-guru lebih aktif untuk mengikuti pelatihan-pelatihan serta diklat-diklat dan mencari informasi yang lebih banyak untuk menambah wawasan tentang pembelajaran IPS. The research was distributed by school location away from urban centres so that the cause of the lack of information coming into this school. The purpose of this study is to describe the social construction of teachers towards social science learning, social science learning implementation described in the primary presidential instruction 6/86 Laburasseng, described the impact of  social science learning in the primary presidential instruction 6/86 Laburasseng. This research includes qualitative research. The technique of data collection conducted in-depth interviews with, observation and documentation. Analytical techniques in the study with the use of interactive models i.e., data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and data verification. The research found that

  9. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, PENGELOLAAN YAYASAN, FASILITAS SEKOLAH, DAN MOTIVASI KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rizky Rahayuningtyas

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, pengelolaan yayasan, fasilitas sekolah, dan motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMK Palebon Semarang secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah semua guru di SMK Palebon Semarang yang berjumlah 50 orang . Metode pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode angket. Variabel bebas pada penelitian ini yaitu kinerja guru. Sedangkan variabel terikat yaitu kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, pengelolaan yayasan, fasilitas sekolah, dan motivasi kerja. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh positif kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, pengelolaan yayasan, fasilitas sekolah, dan motivasi kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMK Palebon Semarang secara simultan maupun parsial. Untuk penelitian selanjutnya diharapkan dapat menggunakan variabel lain yang tidak digunakan dalam penelitian ini yang secara parsial maupun simultan dapat berpengaruh terhadap kinerja guru. The early observation result accompanying interview and observation were implemented by involving the teachers, the headmaster, and the foundation leader of SMK Palebon Semarang could be described that it was still needed the optimizing of teachers perfomance in implementing the duty and responsibility of teaching as well as the teacher’s attitude and behaviour as the student and people guidance. This research was a population approach research which involved 50 teachers at SMK Palebon Semarang and used two variables; independent and dependent variable. The headmaster leadership, foundation management, school facility, and working motivation as independent variable while teachers performance as dependent variable. The collecting data technique used questionnaire. Then, analysing and processing data technique used presentation descriptive and multiple regression technique. The research result shows there is a positive effect of the headmaster leadership, foundation management, school

  10. PENINGKATAN PROFESIONALISME GURU DAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI DI SEKOLAH MELALUI LESSON STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Sriyati

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This research was done to investigate impact of lesson study in order to improve teachers professionalism and the quality of teaching learning process in Biology. Although lesson study has been conducted since the year of 2005 at numerous schools in Bandung, information on how far such activity does give impact to teacher as instructor and teacher as observer has not been uncovered. The research was undertaken by spreading questions to the instructor as well as the observer. Furthermore, quality of teaching learning process in the school was observed at SMP Lab. School and SMA Lab. School UPI. The research resulted in insight that through lesson study, teachers both served as instructor and observer can improve such competency as pedagogy, professional, personality, social as clearly indicated in “ UU Guru dan Dosen No. 14 Tahun 2005”. However, for those teachers as observers, competency of pedagogy has not been significantly explored. Both the instructors and observers have not entirely user their KBM (teaching learning process to conduct PTK (classroom action research. In addition, the KBM conducted in lesson study can improve quality of teaching learning process in the classroom based upon good interaction between students and teachers as well as among students (in or out the groups during discussion and percentage of students who actively learned. Through model teaching learning process developed in lesson study, students are trained to improve their ability in scientific work and to connect biology concept to its application in daily life using local materials. Keyword : Teacher’s professionalism, lesson study, KBM (Teaching learning process,PTK (Classroom action research

  11. Comparison of Family Clinic Community Health Service Model with State-owned Community Health Service Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万方荣; 卢祖洵; 张金隆

    2002-01-01

    Summary: Based on a survey of community health service organization in several cities, communi-ty health service model based on the family clinic was compared with state-owned communityhealth service model, and status quo, advantages and problems of family community health serviceorganization were analyzed. Furthermore, policies for the management of community health ser-vice organization based on the family clinic were put forward.

  12. KETIKA KEBIJAKAN ORDE LAMA MEMASUKI DOMAIN PENDIDIKAN: PENYIAPAN DAN KINERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umasih Umasih

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reveals how the educational policy in Indonesia during The Old Order. The domination of government (Soekarno as expressed in the domination theory by Antonio Gramsci which a politic is a commander and it can dominate whole Indonesia society life including an educational aspect. Furthermore, Soekarno as an individual manivesto has given a space for PKI because of their closeness. When the Minister, Prijono, issued a decision concerning about Pancawardhana Educational System, The Institution of National Education which is affiliated by PKI giving a formulation of Pancacinta. An education in the political manifesto obliges teachers enter into a practical politics life, teachers have to be revolutionary . It means that the learning practice is given toward students through indoctrination.  No less than 2000 teachers in the East java and the Cental Java finally became PKI members, then about  580 teachers of elementary school from the West Java. Even PKI has succeeded to divide the organization of teacher’s membership into The Cental Vak PGRI and  non Vak Central PGRI. Keywords : The Old Order, The Pacawardhana Educational System, the performance of elementary teachers.  Artikel ini mengungkapkan bagaimana kebijakan pendidikan Indonesia pada masa Orde Lama. Dominasi pemerintah (Soekarno seperti diungkapkan dalam teori  dominasi oleh ntonio Gramsci di mana politik adalah panglima dan dapat mendominasi segala kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia termasuk dalam bidang pendidikan. Tidak hanya itu, Presiden Soekarno sebagai manivesto perseorangan  juga  telah  memberi ruang gerak pada PKI karena kedekatan hubungannya dengan Presiden Soekarno.  Ketika Menteri Prijono mengeluarkan keputusan tentang Sistem Pendidikan Pancawardhana, Lembaga Pendidikan Nasional yang berafiliasi dengan PKI memberi rumusan tentang Pancacinta. Pendidikan dalam alam manipol mengharuskan guru terjun dalam kehidupan politik praktis, guru harus revolusioner yang

  13. Suplemen Panduan Guru dalam Pengembangan Pembelajaran Tematik Kompetensi Dasar Matematika Kelas IV

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    Isti Hidayah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah Dasar (SD dengan penguatan tahapan enaktif-ikonik-simbolik berbantuan serang-kaian pertanyaan produktif. Perangkat pembelajaran berupa Panduan Guru sebagai suple-men dalam mengembangkan rancangan pembelajaran tematik kompetensi dasar (KD Ma-tematika kelas IV semester gasal. Penelitian ini telah menghasilkan Panduan Guru dengan perangkatnya, yaitu alat peraga sebagai representasi enaktif; media visual dalam bentuk po-werpoint sebagai representasi ikonik; lembar kegiatan peserta didik (LKPD dan lembar tu-gas peserta didik (LTPD, serta kartu masalah (contextual problem. Produk yang telah di-hasilkan akan membantu guru dalam mengembangkan rancangan pembelajaran dalam im-plementasi Kurikulum 2013. Hasil implementasi menunjukkan bahwa produk penelitian be-rupa Suplemen Panduan Guru membantu guru dalam mengembangkan rancangan dan pe-laksanaan pembelajaran dengan pendekatan ilmiah. Penyempurnaan Suplemen difokuskan pada keterpaduan aspek sikap, keterampilan, dan pengetahuan.Kata kunci: suplemen panduan guru; pembelajaran tematik KD Matematika; contextual                         problem   AbstractThe purpose of this research is to develop elementary mathematics learning devices with reinforcement stages enactive-iconic-symbolic aidednquestion series of productive to strengthen the ability of solving Mathematics problem students since early. A learning device Teacher’s Guide as a supplement in developing basic competencies thematic lesson plan fourth grade Math odd semester. This research has produced a Teacher’s Guide with the device; witch is a representation enactive prop; visual media in the form of PowerPoint as iconic representations; students’ activity sheets (LKPD and students’ task sheet (LTPD, and card problems (contextual problem. The benefit of this research that has been produced to assist teachers in developing

  14. Effect of School Community Empowerment Model towards Handwashing Implementation among Elementary School Students in Dayeuhkolot Subdistrict

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    Tetti Solehati

    2017-02-01

    Perilaku mencuci tangan dengan sabun di Indonesia masih menjadi masalah. Penyebabnya dikaitkan dengan kurangnya kesadaran dalam mencuci tangan pakai sabun. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah terhadap penerapan mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Dayeuhkolot, Kabupaten Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasi eksperimental dengan pretest dan posttest serta melakukan analisis deskriptif dan inferensial. Sampel terdiri dari 24 guru, 377 siswa di kelas 4-6, dan 24 dokter kecil. Metode pendekatan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan usaha kesehatan sekolah terpadu (gabungan model fit for school dan UKS terpilih, yang terdiri dari enam tahap. Instrumen terdiri dari kuesioner pengetahuan, lembar observasi, dan lembar checklist. Cuci tangan pakai sabun dievaluasi selama tiga bulan. Hasil menemukan bahwa terdapat skor meningkat dalam kategori baik untuk keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun guru dari 12,5% menjadi 100%, skor dokter kecil dalam kategori baik meningkat pada keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun dari 0% sampai 100%, keterampilan dari cuci tangan pakai sabun pada siswa meningkat dalam kategori baik dari 0% menjadi 87,5%. Pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah memengaruhi perilaku mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa SD.

  15. PROFIL PROFESIONALISME GURU MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH UNGGULAN DI JAKARTA SELATAN

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    Hasyim Asy'ari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : This study aims at formulating a model of the profile of teachers professionalism of excellent Islamic Primary School (IPS. The source of data of this research is obtained from six excelence IPS in South Jakarta that achieve score of accreditation A.This research is a non experimental research that uses survey method. The population of this research is all teachers in 15 Excelence IPS with the sample as much as 40% of the teachers. as many as 100 teachers. As for the sampling technique used in this research is simple random sampling with descriptive statistics. The result of this research shows that firstly the profile of professionalism of the teachers of excellent IPS in South Jakarta is indicated by adequate teachers competency in personality, pedagogy, professionalism, and social aspect. Secondly, at the dimension of learning community teachers have not fully showed self development as a part of learning community. Thirdly, at the financial dimension it is know that the teachers of especially State Islamic Primary Schools are willing to accept all the policy of reward system set by the goverment and their schools headmasters. Fourtly, the linearity of educational background with the teaching profession. Fifthly, there is no difference in average scores the characteristics of profile of teachers professionalism between Private Islamic Primary Schools and the State ones. DOI: 10.15408/tjems.v1i1.1110

  16. PENGETAHUAN AWAL CALON GURU BIOLOGI TENTANG KONSEP KATABOLISME KARBOHIDRAT (RESPIRASI SELULER

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    H. Rahmatan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengetahuan awal mahasiswa calon guru Biologi semester dua pada salah satu LPTK di provinsi Aceh, mengenai konsep katabolisme karbohidrat (respirasi seluler. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa mahasiswa calon guru Biologi semester dua pada salah satu LPTK di provinsi Aceh belum mengetahui konsep katabolisme karbohidrat sebagai pengetahuan awal dengan baik, walaupun konsep tersebut telah diberikan pada jenjang pendidikan sebelumnya. Oleh karena itu, sebaiknya dosen harus mengetahui pengetahual awal mahasiswa, sehingga pengajaran sains dapat lebih bermakna.The purpose of this research is to find out the initial knowledge of catabolism carbohydrate (cellular respiration for second semester students of Biology teacher candidate in one of LPTK Aceh. The result shows that the students do not have good initial knowledge about the concept although they already got the material in the previous semester. Therefore, it is important to the lecturer to recognize the initial knowledge of students to give the right treatment for science teaching.

  17. PENGETAHUAN AWAL CALON GURU BIOLOGI TENTANG KONSEP KATABOLISME KARBOHIDRAT (RESPIRASI SELULER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Rahmatan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengetahuan awal mahasiswa calon guru Biologi semester dua pada salah satu LPTK di provinsi Aceh, mengenai konsep katabolisme karbohidrat (respirasi seluler. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa mahasiswa calon guru Biologi semester dua pada salah satu LPTK di provinsi Aceh belum mengetahui konsep katabolisme karbohidrat sebagai pengetahuan awal dengan baik, walaupun konsep tersebut telah diberikan pada jenjang pendidikan sebelumnya. Oleh karena itu, sebaiknya dosen harus mengetahui pengetahual awal mahasiswa, sehingga pengajaran sains dapat lebih bermakna.The purpose of this research is to find out the initial knowledge of catabolism carbohydrate (cellular respiration for second semester students of Biology teacher candidate in one of LPTK Aceh. The result shows that the students do not have good initial knowledge about the concept although they already got the material in the previous semester. Therefore, it is important to the lecturer to recognize the initial knowledge of students to give the right treatment for science teaching.

  18. PENGARUH SIKAP GURU TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN KARAKTER (PEDULI SOSIAL SISWA DI MI MADINATUNNAJAH KOTA CIREBON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Busyaeri

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKSikap merupakan sesuatu yang dipelajari dan sikap menentukan bagaimana individu bereaksi terhadap situasi serta menentukan apa yang dicari individu dalam kehidupannya. Sikap mengandung tiga komponen, yaitu komponen kognitif, komponen afektif dan tingkah laku. Sikap selalu berkenaan dengan suatu objek dan sikap terhadap objek ini disertai dengan perasaan positif dan negatif. Sikap dari seorang guru adalah salah satu faktor yang menentukan bagi perkembangan jiwa anak didik selanjutnya. Karena sikap seorang guru tidak hanya dilihat dalam waktu mengajar saja, tetapi juga dilihat tingkah lakunya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari oleh anak didiknya.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pendekatan kuantitatif, untuk pengumpulan data dilaksanakan dengan teknik penyebaran angket dan studi dokumentasi. Pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini dilakukan dengan cara populasi sampel dan dipilih kelas V yang berjumlah 24 siswa. yang dijadikan sampel pada penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V. Dan untuk menganalisis data, penulis menggunakan analisis regresi dengan bantuan program SPSS 17.0 for windows. Pengaruh sikap guru di MI Madinatunajah kota Cirebon berada dalam kategori sedang. Hal ini dapat diketahui bahwa hasil angket pengaruh sikap guru sebesar 42,08 berada pada interval 36-55 (sedang, Dan pengembangan karaktr (peduli social kelas V di MI Madinataunnajah  mencapai 43,42 sedangkan median (nilai tengahnya adalah 44,00, serta modus (nilai yang sering muncul juga diperoleh dengan nilai 44. Dari hasil analisis menunjukan Koefisien Korelasi sebesar 0,511 dan Koefisien Determinasi sebesar 26,11 %. Dan nilai thitung  sebesar 2,787. Karena thitung > ttabel yakni 2,787 > 1,717. Maka hipotesis diterima.

  19. IKLIM SEKOLAH DAN KOMITMEN GURU DI SEKOLAH AGAMA BANTUAN KERAJAAN (SABK) NEGERI KELANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Kasim, Mohamad Adnan Bin Mohamad; Ismail, Siti Noor; Mohammad, Suhaila; Ibrahim, Hasliza

    2017-01-01

    Program Pendaftaran Sekolah Agama Rakyat (SAR) dan Sekolah Agama Negeri (SAN) adalah satu usaha murni kerajaan untuk membantu dan memperkasakan sekolah-sekolah agama di Malaysia.  Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tahap iklim sekolah dan komitmen guru Sekolah Agama Bantuan Kerajaan (SABK) di negeri Kelantan.  Artikel ini penting kerana kedua-dua variabel terlibat adalah merupakan aset utama danterkandung dalam anjakan keempat PPPM 2013-2025. Sebanyak 9 buah sekolah telah dipilih secara r...

  20. [Intervention of Schizophrenia From the Community Model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taborda Zapata, Eliana María; Montoya González, Laura Elisa; Gómez Sierra, Natalia María; Arteaga Morales, Laura María; Correa Rico, Oscar Andrés

    2016-01-01

    Schizophrenia is a complex disease for which pharmacological management is an insufficient therapeutic measure to ensure adaptation to the community and restoring the quality of life of the patient, with a multidimensional management and community interventions being necessary. Case report. This case report illustrates a multidisciplinary treatment response, based on a community care model for mental health from Envigado, Colombia. The management of schizophrenia requires multimodal interventions that include community screening, psychoeducation of individuals, their families and society, addressing different areas of operation that allow adaptation of the subject to his social environment. A integrated intervention that can be provided on a Community scale, with the implementation of policies that allow it to be applied. Copyright © 2015 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  1. Menajemen Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Tindak Lanjut Uji Kompetensi Guru SD di LPMP Kalimantan Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komalasari Komalasari

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap: (1 perencanaan, (2 pengorganisasian, (3 pelaksananaan dan (4 pengawasan pada pendidikan dan pelatihan (diklat tindak lanjut uji kompetensi guru SD di LPMP Kalimantan Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, dokumentasi dan observasi dengan melibatkan pengelola diklat, fasilitator, dan peserta diklat Keabsahan data diukur dengan cara: (a trianggulasi, (b perpanjang-an waktu pelaksanaan penelitian, (c pengumpulan data secara terus menerus, (d penggunakan data yang berlimpah, (e pengecekan ulang, dan (f tanya jawab dengan teman sejawat Analisis data menggunakan teknik yang diajukan oleh Miles dan Huberman (1994 yaitu: (a reduksi data, (b penyajian data, dan (c verifikasL Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa: (1 perencanaan diklat belum optimal yang dilihat dari: (a asesmen kebutuhan, (b tujuan diklat, (c kesesuaian program dengan waktu diklat, (d waktu dan tempat pelaksanaan diklat, dan (e dana yang tersedia; (2 pengorganisasian belum optimal dilihat dari pembagian kerja dengan jabaran tanggung jawab masing-masing unit; (3 Pelayanan non akademik diklat sudah optimal namun pelaksanaan pembelajaran belum optimal, yang dilihat dari: (a standar jumlah peserta per kelas, (b bidang kompetensi guru, (c waktu, dan (d kelengkapan bahan diklat; dan (4 pengawasan belum terlaksana dengan baik, dilihat dari pencapaian tujuan dan partisipasi peserta Kata kunci: pendidikan dan pelatihan, uji kompetensi, guru SD.

  2. Persepsi Guru dan Siswa SD di Yogyakarta terhadap Program Conservation Scout

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    Wahyu Wido Sari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Penanaman karakter cinta lingkungan dan pemahaman akan pentingnya konservasi perlu dilakukan sejak dini. Program conservation scout atau pandu konservasi menawarkan edukasi dan empowering siswa SD mengenai konservasi. Kegiatan ini bertempat di Pusat Studi Lingkungan, Universitas Sanata Dharma dan melibatkan 38 SD di Yogyakarta. Peserta conservation scout terdiri dari 32 guru dan 70 siswa SD.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat respon sekolah, persepsi guru, persepsi siswa, dan keberhasilan sekolah dalam mendukung program conservation scout. Metode yang digunakan adalah action reseach, survey, dan diskriptif kualitatif. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner dengan hasil validasi sangat baik.Sekolah memberikan respon sangat positif (84% terhadap program conservation scout, dari 38 sekolah yang diundang, ada 32 sekolah yang mengikuti program ini. Guru memberikan persepsi negatif (2,50, bukan pada esensi program melainkan pada teknik pelaksanaan program. Siswa memberikan persepsi positif (3,51 dan 36 dari 70 siswa berhasil melakukan peer tutoring dan kampanye mengenai konservasi. Ada 53, 12 % SD yang siswanya menjadi duta konservasi lingkungan.

  3. URGENSI TUNTUTAN PROFESIONALISME DAN HARAPAN MENJADI GURU BERKARAKTER (Studi Kasus: Sekolah Dasar dan Sekolah Menengah Pertama di Kabupaten Batubara

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    Deny Setiawan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peningkatan profesionalisme guru, kualitas anak didik, dan guru yang berkarakter. Populasi penelitian adalah guru SD di Provinsi Sumatera Utara dengan sampel yang diambil secara purposive, yaitu Kabupaten Batubara. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik tes, wawancara, FGD, dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan teknik statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa nilai UKG SD dan SMP tahun 2013 di Kabupaten Batubara secara nasional sangat rendah, bahkan ada yang memiliki nilai kompetensi 1,0. Nilai rata-rata kompetensi guru hanya sebesar 39,61 untuk guru SD, masih berada di bawah nilai rata-rata secara nasional dan Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Nilai UKG SMP sebesar 46,86 masih berada di bawah nilai rata-rata nasional. Hal itu menunjukkan bahwa sebagian guru di Batubara masih memiliki profesionalisme yang rendah dalam melakukan tugas profesinya sehingga ke depan diharapkan perkembangan karakter guru yang berkualitas. THE URGENT DEMAND FOR PROFESSIONALISM AND THE HOPE FOR TEACHERS WITH GOOD CHARACTERS Abstract: The purpose of this research is to describe the improvement of teachers’ professionalism, students’ quality and teachers’ characters. The research population was primary school teachers in North Sumatra in Batubara Regency who were recruited through purposive sampling. Data were collected through test, interview, FGD and documentation study. The research results show that the value of UKG at elementary and secondary schools in 2013 in Batubara Regency, is very low, and some schools even have the competence value as much as 1.0. The average of primary school teachers’ competence is only 39.61, below the national and provincial average. While the SMP UKG value is 46.86 which is still below the national average. It shows that some teachers in Batubara are still less professional and thus need to further develop

  4. PERANAN BIMBINGAN GURU DAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR DALAM RANGKA MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR PESERTA DIDIK SMA NEGERI 1 METRO TAHUN 2010

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    Sukirman Sukirman

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui dan meningkatkan peranan bimbingan guru dalam memberikan motivasi belajar demi meningkatkan prestasi belajar peserta didik SMA Negeri 1 Metro tahun pelajaran 2010/2011. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dalam bentuk korelasional dengan menggunakan metode survey dan dokumentasi. Populasi penelitiannya peserta didik SMA Negeri 1 Metro pada tahun pelajaran 2010/2011 yang berjumlah 590 orang. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 60 orang yang ditetapkan dengan teknik sampling, statifitikasi proporsional random sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam mengumpulkan data adalah 1 angket tertutup untuk mengumpulkandata bimbingan guru, dalam memotivasi belajar, dan 2 dokumentasi sekolah (nilai raport untuk memperoleh data tentang prestasi belajar. Angket dilakukan uji validitas dan reliabilitas dengan menggunakan korelasi product moment dan rumus alpha. Teknik analisis data menggunakan korelasi sederhana dengan uji persyaratan normalitas dan homogenitas. Hasil penelitian ini menjelaskan bahwa: terdapat hubungan positif (berperan dan signifikan antara bimbingan guru dengan prestasi belajar, koefisien korelasi ryx1= 0,568. Terdapat hubungannya erat antara motivasi belajar dengan prestasi belajar pada taraf signifikansi 1%, korelasinya ryx2 = sebesar 0.617. Menunjukkan bahwa bimbingan guru, dan motivasi belajar secara bersama-sama hubungannya erat dengan prestasi belajar pada taraf signifikansi 1%, dengan nilai korelasinya ryx1 x 2 = sebesar 0,647. Selanjutnya hasil penelitian diharapkan dapat menjadi masukan dan pendorong bagi guru, khususnya guru pembimbing untuk lebih memperhatikan kebutuhan peserta didik dalam proses pembelajaran, sehingga peserta didik mampu mengatasi kesulitan belajar yang dihadapi dan mendorong motivasi belajar dan mampu mengembangkan potensi yang dimiliki secara optimal. Kata kunci: bimbingan guru, motivasi belajar dan prestasi belajar

  5. Community Detection Using Multilayer Edge Mixture Model

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Han; Lai, Jian-Huang; Yu, Philip S

    2016-01-01

    A wide range of complex systems can be modeled as networks with corresponding constraints on the edges and nodes, which have been extensively studied in recent years. Nowadays, with the progress of information technology, systems that contain the information collected from multiple perspectives have been generated. The conventional models designed for single perspective networks fail to depict the diverse topological properties of such systems, so multilayer network models aiming at describing the structure of these networks emerge. As a major concern in network science, decomposing the networks into communities, which usually refers to closely interconnected node groups, extracts valuable information about the structure and interactions of the network. Unlike the contention of dozens of models and methods in conventional single-layer networks, methods aiming at discovering the communities in the multilayer networks are still limited. In order to help explore the community structure in multilayer networks, we...

  6. KESIAPAN GURU SD DALAM PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK-INTEGRATIF PADA KURIKULUM 2013 DI DIY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nur Wangid

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kesiapan guru Sekolah Dasar (SD dalam menerapkan Kurikulum 2013 khususnya dalam pembelajaran tematik-integratif di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan yaitu penelitian survei. Populasi penelitian adalah guru kelas I dan IV yang terdapat di wilayah DIY. Jumlah sampel yang diambil dalam penelitian ini adalah sebanyak 182 guru SD yang berasal dari 49 SD negeri dan 15 SD swasta yang dijadikan pilot project berdasarkan data dari Kemdikbud DIY. Hasil penelitan menunjukkan bahwa persentase kesiapan guru SD di DIY dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran tematik-integratif pada Kurikulum 2013 sebesar 75,85% (siap, dilihat dari aspek kesiapan yaitu aspek Behavioral Readiness diperoleh persentase sebesar 80% (sangat siap, aspek Emotive-Ettitudinal sebesar 78,39% (sangat siap dan aspek Cognitive Readiness sebesar 71,18% (siap. Sedangkan kesiapan guru SD di setiap kabupaten diperoleh hasil persentase sebagai berikut: Sleman 76,13% (sangat siap, Yogyakarta 78,72% (sangat siap, Bantul 73,16% (siap, Gunungkidul 75,54% (siap, dan Kulon Progo 75,42% (siap. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ THE STUDY ON THE ELEMANTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS READINESS IN IMPLEMENTING THEMATIC-INTEGRATIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN CURRICULUM 2013, YOGYAKARTA ABSTRACT This study aims to describe the readiness of elementary school teachers in implementing curriculum 2013, based on thematic-integrative learning in Yogyakarta Province. This is a survey study. The research population were elemantary school teachers of class I and IV in DIY. The research sample consisted of 289 elemantary school teachers from 49 public schools and 15 private elementary schools which used as pilot project based on the data from Kemdikbud. The result shows that the percentage of elementary school

  7. PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN ORIENTASI DAN MOBILITAS UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN KOMPETENSI GURU PADA TAMAN KANAK-KANAK INKLUSIF

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    Sri Joeda Andajani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this service is to increase the teachers’ knowledge and skills on learning orientation and mobility services for competence development of teachers in the inclusion kindergarten. The implementation methods of learning orientation and mobility for the competence development of teachers in this inclusion kindergarten is starting the initial condition of the kindergarten teachers’ knowledge and skill in learning orientation and mobility for blind children that are still low. Then, the process of learning orientation and mobility services are effective in the inclusive learning environment in the kindergarten. Embodiments for creating a learning environment that is attractive and fun for blind children who study with normal children in the implementation of inclusive education as follows: a the teacher has the potential to prepare lesson plans based on the conditions and the ability of students, b the utilization of resources and learning media provided is capable of reaching and stimulate all students without exception in learning, and c the potential to manage learning groups that can accept one another and work together to learn, and d the provision of direct assessment of the success blind children in the inclusive kindergarten. Tujuan kegiatan pelayanan ini adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan guru tentang pelayanan pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas untuk pengembangan kompetensi guru di taman kanak-kanak inklusi. Metode pelaksanaan pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas untukpengembangan kompetensi guru di taman kanak-kanak inklusi ini yaitu dimulai kondisi awal guru TK dalam pengetahuan dan keterampilan dalam pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas pada anak tunanetra masih rendah. Kemudian proses pelayanan pembelajaran orientasi dan mobilitas yang efektif pada lingkungan belajar pada TK inklusif..Perwujudan untuk menciptakan lingkungan pembelajaran yang menarik dan menyenangkan bagi anak tunanetra yang belajar

  8. PENGARUH MOTIVASI DAN KEPUASAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMP NEGRI 5 MAGELANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutviani Rahayu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah guru PNS di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang sebanyak 38 responden. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa persamaan garis regresi linier berganda yaitu Y = 0,182 + 0,283 + e; Y (kinerja guru, X1 (motivasi, X2 (kepuasan kerja. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh antara motivasi dan kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru di SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. OutputSPSS pengaruh X1 terhadap Y sebesar 0,643 dengan nilai hubungan parsial sebesar 12,1% pada taraf signifikansi 0,035, sedangkan X2 terhadap Y sebesar 0,178 dengan hubungan parsial sebesar 17,8% pada taraf signifikansi 0,011. Jadi semakin baik motivasi dan kepuasan kerja maka semakin baik pula kinerja guru. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there is an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on theteachers’ performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang either simultaneously or partially. The population in this research was a public civil servants in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang are 38 respondents. The collecting method was questionnaire and documentation. The analysis data technique were descriptive. The analysis showed that the multiple linear regression equation is Y = 0,182X1 + 0,283X2 + E, with Y (teachers’ performance, X1 (motivation, X2 (job satisfaction. These results indicated that there was an influence of motivation and job satisfaction on the teachers’s performance in SMP Negeri 5 Magelang. The SPSS output effect of X1 on Y of 0.643 with a value 12.1% partial relationship at a significance level of 0.035, while the X2 to Y of 0.178 with 17.8% partial relations at a significance level of 0.011. So the better motivation and job satisfaction, the better the

  9. Complete graph model for community detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Peng Gang; Sun, Xiya

    2017-04-01

    Community detection brings plenty of considerable problems, which has attracted more attention for many years. This paper develops a new framework, which tries to measure the interior and the exterior of a community based on a same metric, complete graph model. In particular, the exterior is modeled as a complete bipartite. We partition a network into subnetworks by maximizing the difference between the interior and the exterior of the subnetworks. In addition, we compare our approach with some state of the art methods on computer-generated networks based on the LFR benchmark as well as real-world networks. The experimental results indicate that our approach obtains better results for community detection, is capable of splitting irregular networks and achieves perfect results on the karate network and the dolphin network.

  10. UPAYA GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DALAM MENUMBUHKAN KECERDASAN SISWA

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    Siti Majidah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available National Education aims at developing students' potentials in order to become a man of faith and fear of God Almighty, noble, healthy, knowledgeable, skilled, creative, independent and become citizens of a democratic and accountable. However, conditions on the ground there is still a problem. Both from internal and external factors, which in turn affects the behavior of students in the subjects of Islamic religious education, both feats are cognitive, affective and psychomotor. Especially in SMPN 2 Balung that sharpen the intellectual intelligence. The objectives of this research are: Describe the efforts of Islamic religious education teachers in fostering emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence of students in SMPN 2 Balung. The results of this study stated that the Islamic Education Teachers in Cultivating Emotional Intelligence seeks students by raising various problems that arise in the community through a video display which is then discussed. Inserting knowledge about the importance of communication and concern for others. Foster self-confidence in students through role-playing activities. Train the emotional intelligence of students with the assignment, care and street knowledge. Calligraphy that stimulate the creativity of learners. Istighotsah event held every morning. While efforts Islamic Education Teachers in Cultivating students' spiritual intelligence is to assist students to pray Duha. Award prizes to the students who actively ask. Nurturing students' vision and clear perception that life is a mandate and the realization that man is God and will return to Allah SWT. Kultum after Duha prayer. A source of inspiration by giving examples of good role model to the students or play a video that is inspiring. Keywords: Islamic Education Teachers, Students Intelligence

  11. Tera Ulang Peran Profetik Tuan Guru dalam Konteks Kebebasan Beragama di Pulau Lombok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fawaizul Umam

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ulama (Islamic scholars play important role in culturally paternalistic societies. Their prophetic role is theologically idealized as successors of prophets’ risâlah, mission. However, historically speaking, history yet often features reality that differs from their normative role. This paper aims to reevaluate the prophetic role of ulama in Lombok, called tuan guru, in the context of religious freedom praxsis. It is found that what is held by tuan guru in the realm of socio-politico-cultural tend to differ from his own existential theological spirit as one of socio-religious institutions. In the context of the praxis of religious freedom, tuan guru in general tend to play a role as a breeder and booster of anti pluralism discourses. Considering the theological claims of Islam itself as a spreader of mercy for all as well as political-cultural claims that Lombok is religious island, the island of thousand mosques, the realm seems ironic. 

  12. FAKTOR-FAKTOR KESULITAN GURU PADA PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK INTEGRATIF DI SD KOTA MATARAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Ahyar Rasidi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan faktor-faktor kesulitan guru pada pembelajaran tematik integratif di SD Kota Mataram. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh  guru SD yang ada di Kota Mataram. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara multistage random sampling dan dianalisis dengan analisis faktor eksploratori. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada empat faktor kesulitan guru pada perencanaan pembelajaran yaitu: (1 penjabaran materi yang relevan dengan konten pembelajaran, (2 pemilihan metode dan media berorientasi lingkungan, (3 penyusunan indikator, dan (4 penjabaran materi yang relevan dengan tema. Pada aspek pelaksanaan, terdapat tiga faktor yaitu: (1 penguasaan konsep dalam pembelajaran saintifik yang interaktif, (2 pemanfaatan media dalam menciptakan karya, dan (3 penguasaan keterampilan apersepsi. Pada pengelolaan kelas, faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi adalah: (1 penataan kelas yang variatif dan edukatif, (2 pengkordinasian belajar sesuai konteks pembelajaran, dan (3 pengkoordinasian kelas dengan regulasi simpel dan terukur. Ditemukan tiga faktor pada penilaian pembelajaran yaitu: (1 pengembangan perangkat penilaian terstandar, (2 pendeskripsian hasil belajar secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif, dan (3 pemilihan instrumen penilaian sikap, pengetahuan, dan keterampilan. Kata Kunci: faktor-faktor, kesulitan guru, pembelajaran tematik integratif   THE FACTORS THE TEACHERS’ DIFFICULTIES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTEGRATED THEMATIC TEACHING IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN MATARAM Abstract This study aims to determine the factors the teachers’ difficulties in the implementation of an integrated thematic teaching in elementary schools in Mataram. This study is a survey with the quantitative approach. The population in this study was all primary school teachers in the city of Mataram. The sampling was done by multistage random sampling and were analyzed using the

  13. MANAJEMEN SERTIFIKASI JALUR PORTOFOLIO BAGI GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indarti Indarti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perencanaan, pengorganisasian, pelaksanaan, dan pengawasan sertifikasi jalur portofolio bagi guru Sekolah Dasar di Kota Semarang. Peneliti-an ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, dilaksanakan di Di-nas Pendidikan Kota Semarang. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari Kepala Bidang Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan Dinas Pen-didikan, kepala sekolah, dan guru. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi proses pembelajar-an, penelusuran dokumen perencanaan pembelajaran dan por-tofolio. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan analisis kualititatif melalui langkah pengumpulan, penyajian, reduksi, dan penarik-an kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 Peren-canaan sertifikasi jalur portofolio tidak berjalan dengan baik, dari aspek sosialisasi prosedur tidak tuntas dan data tidak valid, (2 Pengorganisasian sertifikasi jalur portofolio tidak berjalan dengan baik, dari aspek penyusunan dan verifikasi dokumen portofolio tidak sesuai dengan buku panduan, (3 Pelaksanaan sertifikasi guru jalur portofolio tidak berjalan dengan baik, (4 Pengawasan sertifikasi jalur portofolio tidak berjalan dengan baik. Kata Kunci: manajemen, sertifikasi guru, profesi ______________________________________________________________ THE MANAGEMENT OF THE CERTIFICATION THROUGH THE PORTFOLIO SYSTEM FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN SEMARANG CITY Abstract This study aims to investigate the planning, organizing, actuating and controlling functions in the certification through the portfolio system for elementary school teachers in Sema-rang City. This study employed the qualitative approach, con-ducted in the Office of Education of Semarang City. The research subjects consisted of the Head of the Educator and Educational Personnel Section in the Office of Education, principals, and teachers. The data collecting techniques included interviews, observations, and document tracing. The data were collected through interviews

  14. RELEVANSI KURIKULUM PRODI PENDIDIKAN SOSIOLOGI ANTROPOLOGI DENGAN KEBUTUHAN MENGAJAR GURU SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Totok Rochana

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Materi pembelajaran  Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang diajarkan di SMA senantiasa mengalami perubahan. Sementara  kurikulum Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES tidak banyak mengalami perubahan. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis membahas bagaimana relevansi antara Kurikulum Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES dengan kebutuhan mengajar bagi guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi SMA Negeri di Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan  bersifat kasus, pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara tertutup dan terbuka, dan analisis data  menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian  disimpulkan bahwa kurikulum  Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi FIS UNNES, masih relevan dengan materi pembelajaran Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang diajarakan di SMA. Saran yang diajukan adalah: perlu diselenggarakan penataran-penataran/diklat-diklat peningkatan penguasaan materi pembelajaran Sosiologi dan Antropologi bagi guru-guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi yang bukan berlatar belakang Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi. Pengangkatan CPNS Guru Sosiologi dan Antropologi perlu diprioritaskan dari lulusan Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi. Pengembangan kurikulum Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi dan Antropologi tetap mengacu pada relevansinya dengan kebutuhan di lapangan.Sociology and Anthropology instructional materials taught in high school are constantly changing, though the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology FIS Unnes does not change much. In this study, the author discusses the relevance of the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology of Education Unnes FIS to the needs of teaching for teachers of Sociology and Anthropology Senior high school in Central Java. The method used in this study is a qualitative approach using descriptive methods. Based on the results of the study it is concluded that the curriculum of Sociology and Anthropology

  15. Pengetahuan Konjungtivitis pada Guru Kelas dan Pemberian Pendidikan Kesehatan Mencuci Tangan pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anindya Hapsari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Konjungtivitis adalah peradangan konjungtiva karena mikroorganisme, alergi, atau bahan kimia. Total kasus konjungtivitis dan gangguan konjungtiva di Indonesia (2009 sekitar 73%. Konjungtivitis terjadi karena infeksi mikroorganisme merupakan penyakit menular yang terjadi lewat kontak langsung atau barang penderita. Sebagian besar penderita konjungtivitis adalah anak-anak yang umumnya tertular dari teman di sekolah, tempat bermain, atau bimbingan belajar. Data Puskesmas Trowulan Mojokerto menunjukkan kenaikan jumlah siswa sekolah dasar penderita konjungtivitis meliputi 3% (2009, 4% (2010, 7% (2011, dan 9% (2012. Cara termudah mencegah penularan konjungtivitis adalah mencuci tangan dengan sabun. Guru sebagai wakil orang tua di sekolah dan idola anak diharapkan berperan dalam memberikan pendidikan kesehatan tentang mencuci tangan dengan sabun. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan konjungtivitis guru kelas sekolah dasar dengan pemberian pendidikan kesehatan tentang mencuci tangan dengan sabun pada peserta didik. Desain penelitian adalah potong lintang, penarikan sampel dengan purposive sampling. Sampel penelitian adalah seluruh guru kelas sekolah dasar di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Trowulan. Penelitian menemukan 80 responden (59,7% berpengetahuan kurang dan berperilaku negatif atau tidak memberikan pendidikan kesehatan terhadap peserta didiknya. Ditemukan hubungan yang bermakna pengetahuan konjungtivitis pada guru kelas sekolah dasar dengan pemberian pendidikan kesehatan tentang mencuci tangan dengan sabun pada peserta didik. Conjunctivitis is conjunctiva’s inflammation by microorganisms, allergy, or chemicals. Total conjunctivitis and conjunctiva disorders’ cases in Indonesia (2009 is 73%. Conjunctivitis caused by infection is infectious that transmitted through direct contact or contaminated goods. Most conjunctivitis patients are children. They mostly caught from friends at school, playground, or tutoring. Trowulan Public

  16. Drug Guru: a computer software program for drug design using medicinal chemistry rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Kent D; Shiroda, Melisa; James, Craig A

    2006-10-15

    Drug Guru (drug generation using rules) is a new web-based computer software program for medicinal chemists that applies a set of transformations, that is, rules, to an input structure. The transformations correspond to medicinal chemistry design rules-of-thumb taken from the historical lore of drug discovery programs. The output of the program is a list of target analogs that can be evaluated for possible future synthesis. A discussion of the features of the program is followed by an example of the software applied to sildenafil (Viagra) in generating ideas for target analogs for phosphodiesterase inhibition. Comparison with other computer-assisted drug design software is given.

  17. Community Mobilization Model Applied to Support Grandparents Raising Grandchildren

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jacque; Bruce, Ann; Bundy-Fazioli, Kimberly; Fruhauf, Christine A.

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the application of a community mobilization model through a case study of one community's response to address the needs of grandparents raising grandchildren. The community mobilization model presented is one that is replicable in addressing diverse community identified issues. Discussed is the building of the partnerships,…

  18. Microbial Community Metabolic Modeling: A Community Data-Driven Network Reconstruction: COMMUNITY DATA-DRIVEN METABOLIC NETWORK MODELING

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henry, Christopher S. [Division of Mathematics and Computer Science, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne Illinois; Computation Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago Illinois; Bernstein, Hans C. [Biodetection Sciences, National Security Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland Washington; Biological Sciences Division, Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington; The Gene and Linda Voiland School of Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering, Washington State University, Pullman Washington; Weisenhorn, Pamela [Division of Mathematics and Computer Science, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne Illinois; Division of Biosciences, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne Illinois; Taylor, Ronald C. [Biological Sciences Division, Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington; Lee, Joon-Yong [Biological Sciences Division, Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington; Zucker, Jeremy [Biological Sciences Division, Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington; Song, Hyun-Seob [Biological Sciences Division, Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington

    2016-06-02

    Metabolic network modeling of microbial communities provides an in-depth understanding of community-wide metabolic and regulatory processes. Compared to single organism analyses, community metabolic network modeling is more complex because it needs to account for interspecies interactions. To date, most approaches focus on reconstruction of high-quality individual networks so that, when combined, they can predict community behaviors as a result of interspecies interactions. However, this conventional method becomes ineffective for communities whose members are not well characterized and cannot be experimentally interrogated in isolation. Here, we tested a new approach that uses community-level data as a critical input for the network reconstruction process. This method focuses on directly predicting interspecies metabolic interactions in a community, when axenic information is insufficient. We validated our method through the case study of a bacterial photoautotroph-heterotroph consortium that was used to provide data needed for a community-level metabolic network reconstruction. Resulting simulations provided experimentally validated predictions of how a photoautotrophic cyanobacterium supports the growth of an obligate heterotrophic species by providing organic carbon and nitrogen sources.

  19. KONTRIBUSI PELATIHAN GURU, IKLIM ORGANISASI DAN PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG KETERAMPILAN MANAJERIAL KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN GURU DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SMKN KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aris Suparno

    2015-07-01

    about managerial skill of headmaster towards teacher skill in learning activity at SMK N in Semarang, it is shown by significant value = 0,000 < 0, 05 with effective contribution that is given to teacher skill in learning activity counted 8,14%. Result of classical assumption test shows that regression model is not experience of classic assumption problem or diffraction, so that expressed BLUE (best, linear, unbiased, estimator. The Most Impact given by the organizational climate variables in learning skill teacher at SMK Negeri Semarang as indicated by an effective contribution amounting to 16,87 %.

  20. A model for community physiotherapy from the perspective of newly ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A model for community physiotherapy from the perspective of newly graduated physiotherapists as a guide to curriculum revision. ... To develop a model of community service physiotherapy to guide curriculum reform. Methods ... Article Metrics.

  1. PERSEPSI GURU DAN SISWA TERHADAP PENGGUNAAN BAHASA INGGRIS DI KELAS BILINGUAL DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS BERSTATUS RSBI DI BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luh Putu Artini

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Perception of the teachers and Students Towards the Use of English in Bilingual Senior High School Classes This study aimed at analyzing teachers and students' perceptions towards the use of English in the teaching and learning process in bilingual classes in piloted international standard senior high schools in Bali. The number of subject was 100, comprising 4 school principals, 16 teachers and 80 students; utilizing questionnaires, observation and interview. The data which were analyzed descriptively revealed that there was a consistency between teachers and students' perceptions about the advantage and effectiveness of the use of English as a media of instruction in the classroom. Abstrak: Persepsi Guru dan Siswa terhadap Penggunaan Bahasa Inggris di Kelas Bilingual di Seko­lah Menengah Atas Berstatus RSBI di Bali. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis persepsi guru dan siswa terhadap penggunaan bahasa Inggris dalam proses belajar mengajar di kelas bilingual di SMA RSBI di Bali. Subjek penelitian adalah 100 orang yang terdiri atas 4 orang kepala sekolah, 16 orang guru, dan 80 orang siswa dengan menggunakan kuesioner, observasi, dan wawancara. Data yang dianalisis se­cara deskriptif kualitatif menunjukkan adanya konsistensi persepsi guru dan siswa tentang manfaat dan efektifitas penggunaan bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa pengantar di kelas.

  2. HASIL KARYA CIPTA LAGU ANAK-ANAK DI KALANGAN GURU TAMAN KANAK-KANAK ISLAM AL-AZHAR 14 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno Widowati

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Lagu anak-anak yang populer dan atau tersebar luas di masyarakat saat ini, kebanyakan  tidak sesuai dengan karakter anak-anak, sehingga guru TK dituntut dapat menciptakan lagu. Rumusan masalahnya adalah (1 bagaimanakah kesesuaian hasil karya cipta lagu anak guru guru TK Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang dilihat dari bentuk musikologi meliputi melodi, irama, syair, dan akord? (2 Bagaimanakah kreativitas hasil karya cipta lagu guru TK Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang dilihat dari sifat dan faktor intrinsik ekstrinsik  kreativitas ? Metode dan pendekatan yang digunakan adalah penelitian kualitatif. Hasil pembahasan dalam penelitian ini adalah karya lagu ciptaan guru TK Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang dilihat dari segi syair,  melodi,  akord dan irama sudah sesuai dengan tema pembelajaran dan karakteristik anak. Kreativitas guru mencipta lagu juga didukung oleh kelancaran menemukan nada, pengetahuan dan pengalaman tentang lagu anak-anak yang menjadikan guru mampu menganalogi  dalam mencipta lagu. Kelancaran, keluwesan dan keaslian berpikir dipengaruhi oleh faktor instrinsik dan ekstrinsik.Children's songs are widespread, not fully understood by the kindergarten teacher. A popular children's songs don’t fit with the character of the children, so that kindergarten teachers are required to create a song. The formulation is (1 how the suitability of the work of children's songwriting teacher kindergarten teacher Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang seen from the musicology include melody, rhythm, lyrics, and chords? (2 How does creativity work of kindergarten teachers songwriting Islamic Al-Azhar 14 Semarang views of factors of creativity? The methods and approach used is qualitative research. Results of the discussion in this study was the work of a song written by a kindergarten teacher Islam Al-Azhar 14 Semarang in terms of lyrics, melodies, chords and rhythms are in accordance with the theme of learning and child characteristics. Fluency, flexibility and originality of

  3. Manajemen Mutu Guru (Implementasi Undang-undang, Peraturan dan Kebijakan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Surya Atmaja

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Through ASEAN Summits 1997 – 2007, leaders of ASEAN countries have achieved the agreement to establish AEC (Asean Economic Community in the end of 2015, providing the ability to pursue the ASEAN vision 2025. By means of regional and then global free trade to come, the welfare of 660 millions people in ASEAN countries regarding those leaders. The question is what should be done by each member? In terms of free market, common quality standard comes in the first place. Consequently, terminologies such as accreditation and certification are among words which teachers pay a lot of attention. These two words are not only about quality standard they have to achieved but also result in their take home payment. This article aims to explain te rationale of “Quality Standard” as a must programme in free market era, regionally and globally.

  4. The Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boville, B. A.; Garcia, R. R.; Sassi, F.; Kinnison, D.; Roble, R. G.

    The Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) is an upward exten- sion of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model. WACCM simulates the atmosphere from the surface to the lower thermosphere (140 km) and includes both dynamical and chemical components. The salient points of the model formulation will be summarized and several aspects of its performance will be discussed. Comparison with observations indicates that WACCM produces re- alistic temperature and zonal wind distributions. Both the mean state and interannual variability will be summarized. Temperature inversions in the midlatitude mesosphere have been reported by several authors and are also found in WACCM. These inver- sions are formed primarily by planetary wave forcing, but the background state on which they form also requires gravity wave forcing. The response to sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies will be examined by com- paring simulations with observed SSTs for 1950-1998 to a simulation with clima- tological annual cycle of SSTs. The response to ENSO events is found to extend though the winter stratosphere and mesosphere and a signal is also found at the sum- mer mesopause. The experimental framework allows the ENSO signal to be isolated, because no other forcings are included (e.g. solar variability and volcanic eruptions) which complicate the observational record. The temperature and wind variations asso- ciated with ENSO are large enough to generate significant perturbations in the chem- ical composition of the middle atmosphere, which will also be discussed.

  5. Inclusion Community Model: Learning from Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Samiyono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKonflik sering muncul ketika manusia bertindak secara ekslusif dengan hanya melihat diri sendiri dan kelompoknya. Beberapa tokoh pluralisme membuat konsep mengenai masyarakat inklusif dengan tujuan mengurangi terjadinya konflik. Nagara Indonesia memiliki potensi besar terjadinya konflik, hal ini disebabkan karena negara Indonesia terdiri dari berbagai suku, budaya dan agama. Apabila konflik tidak dikelola, maka potensi terjadinya dis-integrasi bangsa sangat besar. Meskipun hal ini dapat juga dilihat sebagai kekayaan bangsa, model masyarakat inklusif diperlukan bagi bangsa Indonesiasebagai alat pemersatu yang harus dipahami dan diajarkan dari generasi satu kepada generasi berikutnya.Dalam penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan diskriptif-kualitatif yang sesuai dengan kondisi lokasi penelitian yaitu Bali dan Lampung. Analisis dilakukan melalui narasi dengan menggunakan informasi yang diperoleh dari informan atau partisipan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya nilai-nilai inklusif dalam budaya masyarakat Bali yang tinggal di Pulau Bali. Masyarakat Bali yang sudah bergaul dengan berbagaibudaya, agama, politik dan ekonomi. Oleh karena itu model masyarakat inklusif dari kasus masyarakat Bali perlu dilakukan dalam usaha untuk bisa diuji-cobakan pada masyarakat yang berbeda, terutama pada wailayah negara Indonesia yang majemuk.Kata kunci: Bali, Inclussion community, menyama braya. AbstractConflict often occurs when people behave closed and exclusive by looking at himself and his group. Some authors propose the concept of inclusion community to reduce the conflict and towards a harmonious society. Indonesia has a huge potential for conflict to happendue to the number of tribe, religion, race and class, but on the other hand it has had a noble wealth in society, which needs to be exposed and arranged to become a teaching material  for future generations. That is why this research is done. This research uses descriptive qualitative

  6. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PERKULIAHAN EKSPERIMEN FISIKA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KREATIVITAS MAHASISWA CALON GURU DALAM MENDESAIN KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DI SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. S. Wattimena

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan perangkat perkuliahan eksperimen fisika yang dapat meningkatkan kreativitas mahasiswa calon guru dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum fisika SMA. Mixed methods research melalui embedded experimental model dengan strategi embedded, digunakan sebagai metode penelitian sebagai tahap pengumpulan data kuantitatif dan kualitatif dalam satu waktu; yang melibatkan mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Fisika salah satu LPTK di Maluku. Perangkat perkuliahan yang dikembangkan diadaptasikan dari pola pembelajaran kreatif yang disebut sebagai Aspek Keterampilan Berpikir Kreatif (AKBK; aktivitas mahasiswa dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum diarahkan pada Indikator Kegiatan Dalam Bereksperimen (IKDB. Pemahaman konsep fisika mahasiswa diukur berdasarkan taksonomi Bloom revisi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, terjadi peningkatan AKBK mahasiswa untuk setiap IKDB pada kriteria sedang; serta peningkatan pemahaman konsep-konsep dasar fisika mahasiswa untuk indikator mencontohkan, mengklasifikasikan, dan menjelaskan pada kriteria sedang. Disimpulkan bahwa perangkat perkuliahan eksperimen fisika yang dikembangkan dapat meningkatkan kreativitas mahasiswa dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum fisika berdasarkan cakupan materi yang terukur.ABSTRACTThis study aimed to develop the lectures instrument of physics experiment to improve the creativity of preservice teachers in designing a high school physics lab activities. Mixed methods research through the embedded experimental models with embedded strategy, was used as a method of research, a stage of quantitative and qualitative data collection at a time, involving students of Physical Education courses one LPTK in Maluku. The developed lectures instrument adapted from creative learning pattern was referred to as Creative Thinking Skills aspect (CTSA, while student activity in the design of practical activities were directed at Activity Indicator In Experiment (SIEI. Understanding the

  7. Towards a community Earth System Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmon, M.

    2003-04-01

    The Community Climate System Model, version 2 (CCSM2), was released in June 2002. CCSM2 has several new components and features, which I will discuss briefly. I will also show a few results from a multi-century equilibrium run with this model, emphasizing the improvements over the earlier simulation using the original CSM. A few flaws and inadequacies in CCSM2 have been identified. I will also discuss briefly work underway to improve the model and present results, if available. CCSM2, with improvements, will be the basis for the development of a Community Earth System Model (CESM). The highest priority for expansion of the model involves incorporation of biogeosciences into the coupled model system, with emphasis given to the carbon, nitrogen and iron cycles. The overall goal of the biogeosciences project within CESM is to understand the regulation of planetary energetics, planetary ecology, and planetary metabolism through exchanges of energy, momentum, and materials among atmosphere, land, and ocean, and the response of the climate system through these processes to changes in land cover and land use. In particular, this research addresses how biogeochemical coupling of carbon, nitrogen, and iron cycles affects climate and how human perturbations of these cycles alter climate. To accomplish these goals, the Community Land Model, the land component of CCSM2, is being developed to include river routing, carbon and nitrogen cycles, emissions of mineral aerosols and biogenic volatile organic compounds, dry deposition of various gases, and vegetation dynamics. The carbon and nitrogen cycles are being implemented using parameterizations developed as part of a state-of-the-art ecosystem biogeochemistry model. The primary goal of this research is to provide an accurate net flux of CO2 between the land and the atmosphere so that CESM can be used to study the dynamics of the coupled climate-carbon system. Emissions of biogenic volatile organic compounds are also based on a

  8. The Community Climate System Model: CCSM3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, W D; Blackmon, M; Bitz, C; Bonan, G; Bretherton, C S; Carton, J A; Chang, P; Doney, S; Hack, J J; Kiehl, J T; Henderson, T; Large, W G; McKenna, D; Santer, B D; Smith, R D

    2004-12-27

    A new version of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM) has been developed and released to the climate community. CCSM3 is a coupled climate model with components representing the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, and land surface connected by a flux coupler. CCSM3 is designed to produce realistic simulations over a wide range of spatial resolutions, enabling inexpensive simulations lasting several millennia or detailed studies of continental-scale climate change. This paper will show results from the configuration used for climate-change simulations with a T85 grid for atmosphere and land and a 1-degree grid for ocean and sea-ice. The new system incorporates several significant improvements in the scientific formulation. The enhancements in the model physics are designed to reduce or eliminate several systematic biases in the mean climate produced by previous editions of CCSM. These include new treatments of cloud processes, aerosol radiative forcing, land-atmosphere fluxes, ocean mixed-layer processes, and sea-ice dynamics. There are significant improvements in the sea-ice thickness, polar radiation budgets, equatorial sea-surface temperatures, ocean currents, cloud radiative effects, and ENSO teleconnections. CCSM3 can produce stable climate simulations of millenial duration without ad hoc adjustments to the fluxes exchanged among the component models. Nonetheless, there are still systematic biases in the ocean-atmosphere fluxes in western coastal regions, the spectrum of ENSO variability, the spatial distribution of precipitation in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and the continental precipitation and surface air temperatures. We conclude with the prospects for extending CCSM to a more comprehensive model of the Earth's climate system.

  9. Cultural Aspects in the Shona Monolingual Dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nomalanga Mpofu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: In the compilation of dictionaries, lexicographers also take cognisance of the culture which is inherent in a language. This article will look at the way the cultural aspect is interwoven in the practice of dictionary making. Language is at the core of culture and it is the major vehicle for the transmission of a people's beliefs and values. Language is also an expression of social struc-tures and attitudes. No culture can exist which does not have a natural language at its centre. A language thus reflects a particular culture. Culture in this article will be taken to mean whatever a person must know in order to function in a particular society (Wardhaugh 1998: 215. The article will look at two aspects: (1 the interrelationship between language and culture and its bearing on lexicography; and (2 the treatment of cultural aspects in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona (2001. Examples used in this article are drawn from the advanced Shona monolingual dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona, and other Shona dictionaries, both monolingual and bilingual.

    Keywords: CULTURAL COMPETENCE, CULTURAL ASPECTS, CULTURAL MEANING, CULTURE, DICTIONARY, EUPHEMISM, EXTENDED MEANING, IDIOM, LEXICOGRAPHY, PROVERBS, SHONA, SHONA SOCIETY, TABOO

    Opsomming: Kulturele aspekte in die Sjona- eentalige woordeboek. By die samestelling van woordeboeke neem leksikograwe ook kennis van die kultuur wat inherent aan 'n taal is. Hierdie artikel sal kyk na die manier waarop die kulturele aspek verweef is met die praktyk van woordeboekmaak. Taal lê aan die kern van kultuur en dit is die hoofmedium vir die oordrag van 'n volk se opvattings en waardes. Taal is ook 'n uitdrukking van sosiale strukture en houdings. Geen kultuur kan bestaan wat nie 'n natuurlike taal as middelpunt het nie. 'n Taal weerspieël gevolglik 'n bepaalde kultuur. Kultuur in hierdie artikel sal verstaan word om alles te beteken wat 'n persoon moet weet om in 'n betrokke maatskappy te funksioneer

  10. PENGARUH PERANAN GURU, FASILITAS PERPUSTAKAAN, DAN PELAYANAN PUSTAKAWAN TERHADAP MINAT MEMBACA DI PERPUSTAKAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekasari Prastia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Minat membaca dapat mempengaruhi kualitas pencapaian hasil belajar siswa dalam bidang-bidang studi tertentu seperti halnya membaca. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini diketahui bahwa cukup rendahnya minat membaca di perpustakaan bagi siswa SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Hal ini dilihat dari jumlah pengunjung, peminjam buku dan daftar pembaca di perpustakaan SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adakah pengaruh peranan guru, fasilitas perpustakaan dan pelayanan pustakawan terhadap minat membaca di perpustakaan bagi siswa kelas XI SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kuantitatif. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket. Metode analisis data menggunakan regresi linear berganda, uji asumsi klasik, uji hipotesis dan analisis deskriptif. Uji keberartian persamaan regresi dilihat dari uji F hitung = 47,074 dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,000 < 0,05 sehingga diperoleh hasil analisis regresi linier berganda dengan persamaan Y= 10,165+ 0,533X1 + 0,079X2 + 0,053X3+ e. Besarnya pengaruh secara simultan antara pengaruh peranan guru, fasilitas perpustakaan, dan pelayanan pustakawan terhadap minat membaca sebesar 64.4%. Pengaruh secara parsial variabel peranan guru terhadap minat membaca yaitu 83%, fasilitas perpustakaan yaitu 80%, sedangkan pelayanan pustakawan yaitu 66%. Interest as understood and used by people during this time may affect the quality of student achievement in specific areas of study as well as reading . The problem in this research note that the relatively low interest in reading in the library for students of SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. It is seen from the number of visitors , the borrower's books and readers in the library list SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga. This study aims to know is there any influence of the role of teachers , library facilities and services librarians to interest in reading in the library for students of classes XI SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga .This study includes quantitative research. Methods of

  11. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGAJAR GURU DAN LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Feronita,

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh keterampilan mengajar guru dan lingkungan keluarga terhadap hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran surat menyurat kelas X Jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran di SMK Palebon Semarang. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X Jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran SMK Palebon Semarang yang berjumlah 80 siswa. Responden yang digunakan adalah keseluruhan dari jumlah populasi (penelitian populasi. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan dokumentasi, angket dan wawancara. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif persentase dan analisis regresi linier berganda dengan bantuan program SPSS release 16. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa analisis regresi linear berganda diperoleh persamaan: Y = 42,423 + 0,289X1 + 0,275X2. Uji F diperoleh Fhitung = 50,592 dengan signifikansi 0,000 < 0,05, sehingga Ha3 diterima. Secara parsial (uji t variabel keterampilan mengajar guru (X1 diperoleh thitung = 2,953 dengan signifikansi 0,004 < 0,05, sehingga Ha1 diterima. Variabel lingkungan keluarga (X2 diperoleh thitung = 3,012 dengan signifikansi 0,004 < 0,05, sehingga Ha2 diterima. Secara parsial keterampilan mengajar guru dan lingkungan keluarga masing-masing berpengaruh sebesar 10,17% dan 10,56% terhadap hasil belajar siswa. Based on the results of preliminary observations by teachers vocational subjects Palebon correspondence, obtained information that the learning outcomes in subjects correspondence is still low due to gain mastery criteria below minimum value is 7.5. Based on the problem of this research is there any influence students' perceptions about the teaching skills of teachers and family environment on student learning outcomes in subjects correspondence class X Office Administration majoring in vocational Palebon simultaneously and partially.The population of this study were students of class X SMK Palebon Office Administration Department Semarang totaling 80 students. Respondents who used the whole of the

  12. A network model for plant-pollinator community assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Colin; Yang, Suann; Albert, Réka; Shea, Katriona

    2011-01-04

    Community assembly models, usually constructed for food webs, are an important component of our understanding of how ecological communities are formed. However, models for mutualistic community assembly are still needed, especially because these communities are experiencing significant anthropogenic disturbances that affect their biodiversity. Here, we present a unique network model that simulates the colonization and extinction process of mutualistic community assembly. We generate regional source pools of species interaction networks on the basis of statistical properties reported in the literature. We develop a dynamic synchronous Boolean framework to simulate, with few free parameters, the dynamics of new mutualistic community formation from the regional source pool. This approach allows us to deterministically map out every possible trajectory of community formation. This level of detail is rarely observed in other analytic approaches and allows for thorough analysis of the dynamical properties of community formation. As for food web assembly, we find that the number of stable communities is quite low, and the composition of the source pool influences the abundance and nature of community outcomes. However, in contrast to food web assembly, stable mutualistic communities form rapidly. Small communities with minor fluctuations in species presence/absence (self-similar limit cycles) are the most common community outcome. The unique application of this Boolean network approach to the study of mutualistic community assembly offers a great opportunity to improve our understanding of these critical communities.

  13. A Community Mentoring Model for STEM Undergraduate Research Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobulnicky, Henry A.; Dale, Daniel A.

    2016-01-01

    This article describes a community mentoring model for UREs that avoids some of the common pitfalls of the traditional paradigm while harnessing the power of learning communities to provide young scholars a stimulating collaborative STEM research experience.

  14. Generic magnetohydrodynamic model at the Community Coordinated Modeling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honkonen, I. J.; Rastaetter, L.; Glocer, A.

    2016-12-01

    The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center is a multi-agency partnership to enable, support and perform research and development for next-generation space science and space weather models. CCMC currently hosts nearly 100 numerical models and a cornerstone of this activity is the Runs on Request (RoR) system which allows anyone to request a model run and analyse/visualize the results via a web browser. CCMC is also active in the education community by organizing student research contests, heliophysics summer schools, and space weather forecaster training for students, government and industry representatives. Recently a generic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model was added to the CCMC RoR system which allows the study of a variety of fluid and plasma phenomena in one, two and three dimensions using a dynamic point-and-click web interface. For example students can experiment with the physics of fundamental wave modes of hydrodynamic and MHD theory, behavior of discontinuities and shocks as well as instabilities such as Kelvin-Helmholtz.Students can also use the model to experiments with numerical effects of models, i.e. how the process of discretizing a system of equations and solving them on a computer changes the solution. This can provide valuable background understanding e.g. for space weather forecasters on the effects of model resolution, numerical resistivity, etc. on the prediction.

  15. Perancangan dan Implementasi Presensi Digital Guru dan Karyawan SMA Negeri 9 Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Th. Didot Septiawan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan surat edaran dari Kepala Dinas Pendidikan Kota Semarang, terhitung mulai Januari 2015 tiap sekolah dihimbau untuk beralih dari sistem presensi manual menjadi digital. Hingga awal Maret ini, presensi guru dan karyawan di SMA Negeri 9 Semarang masih dilakukan secara manual. Maka diperlukan sebuah penelitian untuk merancang dan menerapkan sistem presensi digital bagi SMA Negeri 9 Semarang. Tahapan penelitian meliputi perencanaan, analisis, perancangan, implementasi, pengujian, dan pemeliharaan. Perangkat lunak dibangun dengan framework PHP Phalcon, basis data MySQL, dan aplikasi webserver Nginx pada sistem operasi Ubuntu 14.04. Mesin presensi dengan metode pengenalan wajah dipilih untuk mendapatkan data kehadiran yang bersifat autentik. Pengujian dilakukan dengan metode kotak hitam dan kotak putih. Semua kebutuhan fungsional telah diimplementasikan pada aplikasi web dan kebutuhan non-fungsional pun telah terpenuhi. Sistem presensi digital ini menjadi solusi bagi SMA Negeri 9 Semarang dalam usaha uji coba penggunaan presensi digital.

  16. Feature Analysis and Modeling of the Network Community Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁超; 柴毅; 魏善碧

    2012-01-01

    Community structure has an important influence on the structural and dynamic characteristics of the complex systems.So it has attracted a large number of researchers.However,due to its complexity,the mechanism of action of the community structure is still not clear to this day.In this paper,some features of the community structure have been discussed.And a constraint model of the community has been deduced.This model is effective to identify the communities.And especially,it is effective to identify the overlapping nodes between the communities.Then a community detection algorithm,which has linear time complexity,is proposed based on this constraint model,a proposed node similarity model and the Modularity Q.Through some experiments on a series of real-world and synthetic networks,the high performances of the algorithm and the constraint model have been illustrated.

  17. A Deep Stochastic Model for Detecting Community in Complex Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Jingcheng; Wu, Jianliang

    2017-01-01

    Discovering community structures is an important step to understanding the structure and dynamics of real-world networks in social science, biology and technology. In this paper, we develop a deep stochastic model based on non-negative matrix factorization to identify communities, in which there are two sets of parameters. One is the community membership matrix, of which the elements in a row correspond to the probabilities of the given node belongs to each of the given number of communities in our model, another is the community-community connection matrix, of which the element in the i-th row and j-th column represents the probability of there being an edge between a randomly chosen node from the i-th community and a randomly chosen node from the j-th community. The parameters can be evaluated by an efficient updating rule, and its convergence can be guaranteed. The community-community connection matrix in our model is more precise than the community-community connection matrix in traditional non-negative matrix factorization methods. Furthermore, the method called symmetric nonnegative matrix factorization, is a special case of our model. Finally, based on the experiments on both synthetic and real-world networks data, it can be demonstrated that our algorithm is highly effective in detecting communities.

  18. TOWARD COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE OF ONLINE COMMUNITIES: A PRIMITIVE CONCEPTUAL MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuangling LUO; Haoxiang XIA; Taketoshi YOSHIDA; Zhongtuo WANG

    2009-01-01

    Inspired by the ideas of Swarm Intelligence and the "global brain", a concept of "community intelligence" is suggested in the present paper, reflecting that some "intelligent" features may emerge in a Web-mediated online community from interactions and knowledge-transmissions between the community members. This possible research field of community intelligence is then examined under the backgrounds of "community" and "intelligence" researches. Furthermore, a conceptual model of community intelligence is developed from two views. From the structural view, the community intelligent system is modeled as a knowledge supernetwork that is comprised of triple interwoven networks of the media network, the human network, and the knowledge network. Furthermore, based on a dyad of knowledge in two forms of "knowing" and "knoware", the dynamic view describes the basic mechanics of the formation and evolution of "community intelligence". A few relevant research issues are shortly discussed on the basis of the proposed conceptual model.

  19. Community Participation Tourism Management Model of Tapee Plain Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Srisuwan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Cultural tourism plays an important role in the economy system of Thailand. This study, therefore, aims to investigate the following: (1 The tourism conditions in the community of Taa-Pee River Basin and also; (2 The possible guideline of organizing the cultural tourism, by all means, seeking active cooperation among the Taa-Pee River Basin community people who subsist or have been subject to the river basin and the surrounding conditions. Approach: This research was conducted in Surat-Thani Province. The sample consisted of 370 subjects obtained by Specified Random Sampling. The instruments used in data collection included the interview form and the observation forms constructed by the researcher. The data were also gathered by means of the Focus Group Discussion and the Participatory Workshop. The data obtained were then examined by the Qualitative Analysis. Then, the examined data were presented in Descriptive Analysis. Results: The results obtained and examined indicated the following: (1 The Taa-Pee River Basin community had long been the international trade/commercial center into which the transactions between the Arabian nations and China had entered into from the time before the seventh B.E. Most of the community people were of Sino-Thai, Semang and Malayan. They earned their living by doing agricultural farms or fishery. The community had their own outstanding unique, typical identity, advantageous for tourism. (2 The important problems of tourism management included the following: the tourist attractions were not fascinatingly attractive; There were few tourism activities; The tourism attractions were scarcely pioneered, renovated, improved and developed; Lack of exact personnel in charge who could be consecutively on duty; Lack the central sector to do the work related to management and providing massive wholeheartedly support. In brief, such deficiency accounted for the imperfect tourism

  20. A new dynamic null model for phylogenetic community structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pigot, Alex L; Etienne, Rampal S

    2015-02-01

    Phylogenies are increasingly applied to identify the mechanisms structuring ecological communities but progress has been hindered by a reliance on statistical null models that ignore the historical process of community assembly. Here, we address this, and develop a dynamic null model of assembly by allopatric speciation, colonisation and local extinction. Incorporating these processes fundamentally alters the structure of communities expected due to chance, with speciation leading to phylogenetic overdispersion compared to a classical statistical null model assuming equal probabilities of community membership. Applying this method to bird and primate communities in South America we show that patterns of phylogenetic overdispersion - often attributed to negative biotic interactions - are instead consistent with a species neutral model of allopatric speciation, colonisation and local extinction. Our findings provide a new null expectation for phylogenetic community patterns and highlight the importance of explicitly accounting for the dynamic history of assembly when testing the mechanisms governing community structure.

  1. IbM PENGEMBANGAN KEPROFESIAN BERKELANJUTAN (PKB GURU-GURU MIM WILAYAH NGAWEN DAN KLATEN UTARA BERBASIS KURIKULUM 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laili Etika Rahmawati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The society service has aimed at accompanying the teachers on understanding and conducting the program of sustainable professionalism development (PKB based on curriculum 2013. When the society service program has finished conducted, it is expected to acquire the four goals as follow: (1 the emergence of a professional teacher group and acquire the teaching competence by implementing the active learning strategy with scientific approach based on curriculum 2013; (2 the learning devices based on curriculum 2013; (3 the research proposal is classroom action research; and (4 the scientific publication article. The method applied in the society service program was conducted with the same model as the PLPG program conducted but the program implementation was simpler or could be called as mini PLPG. The program activity was beginned by deepening of material activity which related to the concept of PKB and the concept of curriculum 2013. The concept of PKB emphasized on three points that should be developed by the teachers, they were the self development, scientific publication, and innovative work. The concept of curriculum 2013 has priority on the changing understanding of the paradigm and the basic concept of curriculum structure, the prominent were about the core and the basic competences. After the deepening materials which conducted in the first phase has finished, the activity then continued by the workshop of the learning devices which emphasized on the concept of scientific approach, the active learning, and the authentic assessment which followed by peer teaching activity. The worshop activity of learning devices was conducted by facilitating the teachers in arranging the learning scenario based on the materials determined. The peer teaching activity was conducted by divide the participants into some groups to conduct the teaching practice by turns and apply the scientific approach. The third phase was the arranging the academic writing, and

  2. KINERJA GURU SD DI KECAMATAN SLAWI Suatu tinjauan aspek Persepsi Guru Tentang Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Budaya Kerja, dan Fasilitas Pembelajaran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanik Wahyu Indriasih

    2015-07-01

    -District of Slawi 59.54%. This is shown by acquirement of rest result t with a = 5%. 4 Learning facilities partially contributes positively on teacher’s performance of state elementary schools in Sub-District of Slawi with 6.20%. This is shown by acquirement of rest result t with a= 5%. 5 Result of assumption test classical indicates that regression model do not experience of classic assumption problem or diffraction so that can be expressed by BLUE (Best, Linear, Unbiased, and Estimator.

  3. Using an academic-community partnership model and blended learning to advance community health nursing pedagogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezeonwu, Mabel; Berkowitz, Bobbie; Vlasses, Frances R

    2014-01-01

    This article describes a model of teaching community health nursing that evolved from a long-term partnership with a community with limited existing health programs. The partnership supported RN-BSN students' integration in the community and resulted in reciprocal gains for faculty, students and community members. Community clients accessed public health services as a result of the partnership. A blended learning approach that combines face-to-face interactions, service learning and online activities was utilized to enhance students' learning. Following classroom sessions, students actively participated in community-based educational process through comprehensive health needs assessments, planning and implementation of disease prevention and health promotion activities for community clients. Such active involvement in an underserved community deepened students' awareness of the fundamentals of community health practice. Students were challenged to view public health from a broader perspective while analyzing the impacts of social determinants of health on underserved populations. Through asynchronous online interactions, students synthesized classroom and community activities through critical thinking. This paper describes a model for teaching community health nursing that informs students' learning through blended learning, and meets the demands for community health nursing services delivery.

  4. THE REPRESENTATION OF THE DIVINE AND HUMAN BEING IMAGERY IN THE ENTITY OF RITUS SA’O NGAZA IN GURU SINA, NGADA, FLORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Watu Yohanes Vianey

    2012-11-01

    affirms the status of human being as ’thewrapper of divinity seed’ and ‘His image’.Thirdly, the meaning of the representation of the Divine and human being imagery in theentity of ritus Sa’o Ngaza is sacral , spiritual, and moral. The sacral value pertains to the dinamicrelationship between the human being and the Divine in a sacral way and the sacral place. TheSpiritual value pertains to the relation intra-human being and his spiritual opened and connectedthrough inner feeling with the One Sacral in the strong effort of making the human being perfect.The moral value pertains to a good relationship among human beings themselves in accordance withtheir norms of community.The findings of the study enrich the theory of process about the concept of the Divine fromWhitehead and contrast with the theory of ritus as the choreography of violence from Smedal. In theentity of ritus Sa’o Ngaza, there is a unique concept of human being in the design of ulu palicarvings, which describes the ideology of leadership in the local tradition. The finding of thisconcept can become the model of implementation of the decostruction theory and the semiotictheory which removes and deconstructs binary opposition between the leader (ulu and the follower(eko.

  5. Firn modelling in the Community Earth System Model (CESM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Kampenhout, Leo; Lenaerts, Jan; Sacks, William; Lipscomb, William; van den Broeke, Michiel

    2016-04-01

    Firn meltwater retention and refreezing controls the magnitude and timing of surface runoff, which is the largest contributor of the Greenland freshwater transport into its neighbouring oceans. In Antarctica, all meltwater refreezes, but the sensitivity of ice shelf stability to atmospheric warming is strongly dependent on the amount of firn air. In this study we use the land-only version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM), forced by ERA-Interim reanalysis (1979-present) to simulate the firn air content over both ice sheets. The impact of three key parameters is examined: (1) the density of freshly fallen snow, (2) the modelled maximum depth of the firn and (3) the compaction rate by overburden pressure. An evaluation of our model results with available firn core observations shows that we can improve the representation of the ice sheet firn, which renders CESM suitable to study the long-term response of ice sheet firn to climate change.

  6. Community-Based Participatory Research Conceptual Model: Community Partner Consultation and Face Validity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belone, Lorenda; Lucero, Julie E; Duran, Bonnie; Tafoya, Greg; Baker, Elizabeth A; Chan, Domin; Chang, Charlotte; Greene-Moton, Ella; Kelley, Michele A; Wallerstein, Nina

    2016-01-01

    A national community-based participatory research (CBPR) team developed a conceptual model of CBPR partnerships to understand the contribution of partnership processes to improved community capacity and health outcomes. With the model primarily developed through academic literature and expert consensus building, we sought community input to assess face validity and acceptability. Our research team conducted semi-structured focus groups with six partnerships nationwide. Participants validated and expanded on existing model constructs and identified new constructs based on "real-world" praxis, resulting in a revised model. Four cross-cutting constructs were identified: trust development, capacity, mutual learning, and power dynamics. By empirically testing the model, we found community face validity and capacity to adapt the model to diverse contexts. We recommend partnerships use and adapt the CBPR model and its constructs, for collective reflection and evaluation, to enhance their partnering practices and achieve their health and research goals. © The Author(s) 2014.

  7. THE MYTHOLOGY OF KAMPUNG NAGA COMMUNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Iryana

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to gain understanding of the meaning of symbolic variants of the myth in Kampung Naga, an objective analysis is required. Therefore, this paper applied the linguistic model study offered by Levi-Strauss as a new step for the objectivity of myth interpretation. The basic assumption of Levi-Strauss’ linguistic model is that myth often display a diverse surface structure, but in fact the diversity is the description of the human deep structure. The selection of this myth was solely based on the life of the Kampung Naga community as part of Sundanese Society. The results indicated that the myth in the religious life of the Kampung Naga community contains a various stories which include the revelation, the reincarnation, and the descent of revelation. These episodes can be constructed into the structure of a Levi-Strauss linguistic model, a binary opposition, namely the mandate giver (active the mandate recipient (passive. The relationship between the giver and the receiver is vertical (structural called “structure of three” (regular. From the “structure of three”, the “culinary triangle” can be constructed. From the “combined triangle”, the Batara Guru will also appear to become a central event that other figures have to go through. Finally, it can be stated that the deep structure construction that still refers to the aspect of Javanese cosmology in General.

  8. A new dynamic null model for phylogenetic community structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pigot, Alex L; Etienne, Rampal S

    2015-01-01

    Phylogenies are increasingly applied to identify the mechanisms structuring ecological communities but progress has been hindered by a reliance on statistical null models that ignore the historical process of community assembly. Here, we address this, and develop a dynamic null model of assembly by

  9. PENGARUH KINERJA GURU, DAN PENGGUNAAN FASILITAS BELAJAR TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR PRAKARYA DAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN SISWA KELAS X SMK NEGERI 02 PEKALONGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Dirgayana

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adakah pengaruh kinerja guru, dan penggunaan fasilitas belajar terhadap hasil belajar prakarya dan kewirausahaan siswa kelas X SMK Negeri 02 Pekalongan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas X SMK Negeri 02 Pekalongan yang berjumlah 354 siswa dan sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 78 siswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan simple random sampling. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah variabel bebas yaitu kinerja guru (XI, penggunaan fasilitas belajar (X2, dan hasil belajar (Y sebagai variabel terikat. Metode pengumpulan data: dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis yaitu analisi deskriptif persentase dan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian diperoleh persaman regresi Y = 14,003 + 0,049X1 + 0,055X2. Secara parsial ada pengaruh positif kinerja guru terhadap hasil belajar sebesar 9,4%, dan penggunaan fasilitas belajar terhadap hasil belajar sebesar 7,4%. Secara simultan ada pengaruh positif kinerja guru, dan penggunaan fasilitas terhadap hasil belajar sebesar 40,1% dan sisanya sebesar 59,9% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diteliti. Perhitungan secara deskriptif menunjukkan variabel kinerja guru, dan penggunaan fasilitas belajar dalam kriteria baik, sedangkan variabel hasil dalam kriteria sangat baik. This study aims to determine The Influence of Teacher’s Performance, and Learning Facility Towards Learning Result for The Craft and Entrepreneurship Subject X Grade of SMK 02 Pekalongan. The population in this study were all students of X grade of SMK 02 Pekalongan amounting to 354 students and the sample in this study amounted to 78 students. The sampling technique using simple random sampling. The variable in this study is the independent variable is the teacher’s performance (XI, the use of learning facilities (X2, and the achievment (Y as the dependent variable. Method of data collection: documentation and questionnaires. Methods of analysis, descriptive

  10. PENGARUH PENGALAMAN MENGAJAR DAN ETOS KERJA TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU PRODUKTIF PEMASARAN SMK BISNIS DAN MANAJEMEN DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nida Aulia

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK merupakan salah satu lembaga pendidikan formal bertujuan mempersiapkan lulusan untuk masuk ke dunia kerja. Berdasarkan hasil observasi awal menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kompetensi guru produktif pemasaran masih kurang baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 50 guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode dokumentasi dan kuesioner. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini adalah (1 ada pengaruh pengalaman mengajar terhadap kompetensi profesional sebesar 17,47%, (2 ada pengaruh etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional sebesar 18,31% dan (3 ada pengaruh antara pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran SMK Binis dan Manajemen di Kota Semarang secara simultan sebesar 59,5%. Hasil persamaan regresi diperoleh Y = 4,823 + 0,277X1 + 0,660X2. Kesimpulan penelitian ini yaitu, ada pengaruh yang positif dan signifikan antara pengalaman mengajar dan etos kerja terhadap kompetensi profesional guru produktif pemasaran baik secara simultan maupun parsial. Vocational High School (SMK is one of the formal educational institutions aimed at preparing graduates to enter the workforce. Based on the results of preliminary observations indicate that the level of competence of teachers of productive marketing is still not good. This study aimed to analyze the influence of teaching experience and work ethic to the professional competence of teachers of productive marketing vocational high school Binis and management in Semarang. either partially or simultaneously. the population of this research is 50 teachers of productive marketing vocational

  11. An Advanced Dictionary? Similarities and Differences between Duramazwi ReChiShona and Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona *

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Chabata

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: In this article a comparative analysis of Duramazwi ReChiShona (DRC and Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona (DGC is made. Both DRC and DGC are monolingual Shona dictionaries compiled by a team of researchers under the African Languages Lexical (ALLEX Project, now the African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. During the compilation process, DRC was known as the General Shona Dictionary and DGC as the Advanced Shona Dictionary. A simple analysis of these titles shows that the dictionaries are similar in some ways and also different in others. The writer tries to show the ways in which DGC is regarded as a more advanced dictionary when compared to DRC. Although the argument of the article is mainly built on those differences which make DGC the more advanced, attention is also paid to the similarities between the dictionaries.

    Keywords: ALLEX PROJECT, ALRI, DURAMAZWI RECHISHONA, DURAMAZWI GURU RECHISHONA, DICTIONARY, SHONA, HEADWORD, SENSE, MONOLINGUAL DICTIONARY, CORPUS, IDIOM, PROVERB, PITHY SAYING

    Opsomming: 'n Gevorderde woordeboek? Ooreenkomste en verskille tussen Duramazwi ReChiShona en Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona. In hierdie artikel word 'n vergelykende ontleding van Duramazwi ReChiShona (DRC en Duramazwi Guru ReChiShona (DGC gemaak. Sowel die DRC en DGC is eentalige Sjonawoordeboeke, saamgestel deur ?n span navorsers by die African Languages Lexical (ALLEX Project, tans die African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. Gedurende die samestellingsproses was DRC bekend as die Algemene Sjonawoordeboek en DGC as die Gevorderde Sjonawoordeboek. 'n Eenvoudige ontleding van hierdie titels toon dat die woordeboeke op sommige maniere eenders en op ander ook verskillend is. Die skrywer probeer die maniere aantoon waarop DGC beskou word as 'n meer gevorderde woordeboek wanneer dit met DRC vergelyk word. Alhoewel die argument van die artikel hoofsaaklik gebou is op daardie verskille wat DGC die gevorderdste maak, word ook aandag gegee aan

  12. A community-based framework for aquatic ecosystem models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trolle, Didde; Hamilton, D. P.; Hipsey, M. R.;

    2012-01-01

    aim to (i) advance collaboration within the aquatic ecosystem modelling community, (ii) enable increased use of models for research, policy and ecosystem-based management, (iii) facilitate a collective framework using common (standardised) code to ensure that model development is incremental, (iv......Here, we communicate a point of departure in the development of aquatic ecosystem models, namely a new community-based framework, which supports an enhanced and transparent union between the collective expertise that exists in the communities of traditional ecologists and model developers. Through...... a literature survey, we document the growing importance of numerical aquatic ecosystem models while also noting the difficulties, up until now, of the aquatic scientific community to make significant advances in these models during the past two decades. Through a common forum for aquatic ecosystem modellers we...

  13. An analytically tractable model for community ecology with many species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickens, Benjamin; Fisher, Charles; Mehta, Pankaj; Pankaj Mehta Biophysics Theory Group Team

    A fundamental problem in community ecology is to understand how ecological processes such as selection, drift, and immigration yield observed patterns in species composition and diversity. Here, we present an analytically tractable, presence-absence (PA) model for community assembly and use it to ask how ecological traits such as the strength of competition, diversity in competition, and stochasticity affect species composition in a community. In our PA model, we treat species as stochastic binary variables that can either be present or absent in a community: species can immigrate into the community from a regional species pool and can go extinct due to competition and stochasticity. Despite its simplicity, the PA model reproduces the qualitative features of more complicated models of community assembly. In agreement with recent work on large, competitive Lotka-Volterra systems, the PA model exhibits distinct ecological behaviors organized around a special (``critical'') point corresponding to Hubbell's neutral theory of biodiversity. Our results suggest that the concepts of ``phases'' and phase diagrams can provide a powerful framework for thinking about community ecology and that the PA model captures the essential ecological dynamics of community assembly. Pm was supported by a Simons Investigator in the Mathematical Modeling of Living Systems and a Sloan Research Fellowship.

  14. SEJAUH MANA GURU MENGGUNAKAN METAFORA DALAM KEPEDULIANNYA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MATEMATIKA SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idrus Alhaddad

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Belajar matematika masih merupakan hal yang sulit bagi siswa, karena disamping memiliki objek kajian yang abstrak, juga berdasarkan pada pola pikir yang deduktif. Untuk membantu siswa dapat memahami bahkan menjadi senang dalam belajar matematika, hal ini tidak terlepas dari peranan guru. Bagi guru, memahami matematika juga merupakan hal yang sulit, dan lebih sulit lagi adalah mengajarkan kepada siswa untuk dapat dipahami. Karena hal itu membutuhkan strategi, metode, dan pendekatan. Dalam pembelajaran matematika banyak hal yang harus diperhatikan. Di antaranya adalah faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kegiatan belajar siswa yaitu: pengalaman, kemampuan, kematangan, dan motivasi siswa. Oleh karena itu, baik teori maupun metode dalam pembelajaran harus disesuaikan dengan kondisi siswa. Agar pembelajaran matematis menjadi bermakna dan dimaknai siswa, maka diperlukan cara-cara khusus untuk menjadikan siswa termotivasi belajar matematika. Salah satunya adalah penggunaan Metafora. Metafora dapat dipandang sebagai suatu strategi untuk membantu siswa dalam memahami matematika. Makalah ini akan menyajikan tentang apa sebenarnya metafofa, bagaimana menggunakannya dalam pembelajaran dan contoh penggunaannya serta kelebihan dalam menggunakan metafora   Kata kunci : Kepedulian, Metafora, Pembelajaran Matematika      Mathematics, for most of students, is still considered to be a difficult subject to learn because it does not only possess abstract objects of investigation but it is also based on deductive mindset. Enabling students to understand or even be enjoy learning mathematics, then, will demands good teachers’ roles. For teachers, understanding mathematics is also difficult as well. In fact, the most difficult thing for them is how to teach mathematics that can be easily and quickly understood by students. That is why; mathematics teachers need to use exact strategies, methods and approaches. In mathematics learning, there are many things to consider

  15. The Community Water Model (CWATM) / Development of a community driven global water model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burek, Peter; Satoh, Yusuke; Greve, Peter; Kahil, Taher; Wada, Yoshihide

    2017-04-01

    With a growing population and economic development, it is expected that water demands will increase significantly in the future, especially in developing regions. At the same time, climate change is expected to alter spatial patterns of hydrological cycle and will have global, regional and local impacts on water availability. Thus, it is important to assess water supply, water demand and environmental needs over time to identify the populations and locations that will be most affected by these changes linked to water scarcity, droughts and floods. The Community Water Model (CWATM) will be designed for this purpose in that it includes an accounting of how future water demands will evolve in response to socioeconomic change and how water availability will change in response to climate. CWATM represents one of the new key elements of IIASA's Water program. It has been developed to work flexibly at both global and regional level at different spatial resolutions. The model is open source and community-driven to promote our work amongst the wider water community worldwide and is flexible enough linking to further planned developments such as water quality and hydro-economic modules. CWATM will be a basis to develop a next-generation global hydro-economic modeling framework that represents the economic trade-offs among different water management options over a basin looking at water supply infrastructure and demand managements. The integrated modeling framework will consider water demand from agriculture, domestic, energy, industry and environment, investment needs to alleviate future water scarcity, and will provide a portfolio of economically optimal solutions for achieving future water management options under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) for example. In addition, it will be able to track the energy requirements associated with the water supply system e.g., pumping, desalination and interbasin transfer to realize the linkage with the water-energy economy. In

  16. Analytically tractable model for community ecology with many species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickens, Benjamin; Fisher, Charles K.; Mehta, Pankaj

    2016-08-01

    A fundamental problem in community ecology is understanding how ecological processes such as selection, drift, and immigration give rise to observed patterns in species composition and diversity. Here, we analyze a recently introduced, analytically tractable, presence-absence (PA) model for community assembly, and we use it to ask how ecological traits such as the strength of competition, the amount of diversity, and demographic and environmental stochasticity affect species composition in a community. In the PA model, species are treated as stochastic binary variables that can either be present or absent in a community: species can immigrate into the community from a regional species pool and can go extinct due to competition and stochasticity. Building upon previous work, we show that, despite its simplicity, the PA model reproduces the qualitative features of more complicated models of community assembly. In agreement with recent studies of large, competitive Lotka-Volterra systems, the PA model exhibits distinct ecological behaviors organized around a special ("critical") point corresponding to Hubbell's neutral theory of biodiversity. These results suggest that the concepts of ecological "phases" and phase diagrams can provide a powerful framework for thinking about community ecology, and that the PA model captures the essential ecological dynamics of community assembly.

  17. Trophic network models explain instability of Early Triassic terrestrial communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roopnarine, Peter D; Angielczyk, Kenneth D; Wang, Steve C; Hertog, Rachel

    2007-09-07

    Studies of the end-Permian mass extinction have emphasized potential abiotic causes and their direct biotic effects. Less attention has been devoted to secondary extinctions resulting from ecological crises and the effect of community structure on such extinctions. Here we use a trophic network model that combines topological and dynamic approaches to simulate disruptions of primary productivity in palaeocommunities. We apply the model to Permian and Triassic communities of the Karoo Basin, South Africa, and show that while Permian communities bear no evidence of being especially susceptible to extinction, Early Triassic communities appear to have been inherently less stable. Much of the instability results from the faster post-extinction diversification of amphibian guilds relative to amniotes. The resulting communities differed fundamentally in structure from their Permian predecessors. Additionally, our results imply that changing community structures over time may explain long-term trends like declining rates of Phanerozoic background extinction.

  18. A risk management model for securing virtual healthcare communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chryssanthou, Anargyros; Varlamis, Iraklis; Latsiou, Charikleia

    2011-01-01

    Virtual healthcare communities aim to bring together healthcare professionals and patients, improve the quality of healthcare services and assist healthcare professionals and researchers in their everyday activities. In a secure and reliable environment, patients share their medical data with doctors, expect confidentiality and demand reliable medical consultation. Apart from a concrete policy framework, several ethical, legal and technical issues must be considered in order to build a trustful community. This research emphasises on security issues, which can arise inside a virtual healthcare community and relate to the communication and storage of data. It capitalises on a standardised risk management methodology and a prototype architecture for healthcare community portals and justifies a security model that allows the identification, estimation and evaluation of potential security risks for the community. A hypothetical virtual healthcare community is employed in order to portray security risks and the solutions that the security model provides.

  19. PENGEMBANGAN TEKNOLOGI TEPAT GUNA DIAGNOSTIK SEDERHANA PELAYANAN KESEHATAN GIGI DENGAN PERAN SERTA GURU UKGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niniek L. Pratiwi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The design of this study was intervention, location of the study area consist of 3 Health centers at Greslk regency, East Java. The respondents were all Dental Health Teachers (Guru UKGS for elementary school at the study area. The intervention covered training used hand and guidance book and simple diagnostics technology had been applied. The Dental health card filled by the teachers their referred to Health centers. The result shown that the teachers skill improved for early detection dental caries. The sensitivity and spesifisity of the dental caries for early detection caries were 90.5% and 85.6% respectively. The teachers also can found detections such as: calculus and gingivitis cases, this is supported for health imployers are early preventive dental care. The coverage of dental care at Health centers increate by 23.5% in average caused by referred cases by the trained Dental helth teachers. The beneficiaus of this intervention can reduce dental caries morbidities for child elementary school.   Keywords: simple diagnostic technology, dental health teachers

  20. PERSEPSI DAN SIKAP GURU TENTANG PENDAYAGUNAAN MEDIA JEJARING SOSIAL DALAM PEMBELAJARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Chandra Setiawan

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the phenomenon in the 20th century that is currently being discussed is about emerging and the development of many social networking media. The media is now a trend all over among the people regardless of age, it is because social networking media provides convenience services in communicating, in particular interact and share information between human. If associated in the context of education, then social networking media to be one of the means of communication that can be utilized in the process of education management and learning for teachers. Salah satu fenomena pada abad ke-20 yang saat ini sedang ramai diperbincangkan adalah tentang berkembangnya media jejaring sosial. Media tersebut kini menjadi trend di seluruh kalangan masyarakat tanpa memandang usia, hal itu dikarenakan media jejaring sosial memberikan kemudahan layanan dalam berkomunikasi, khususnya berinteraksi dan berbagi informasi antar manusia. Jika dikaitkan dalam konteks pendidikan, maka media jejaring sosial menjadi salah satu sarana komunikasi yang dapat dimanfaatkan dalam proses manajemen pendidikan dan pembelajaran bagi guru. Pemanfaatan media tersebut tentu memiliki dampak positif dan negatif yang dapat memengaruhi keberhasilan lembaga pendidikan dalam mencapai tujuan.

  1. Modeling community structure and topics in dynamic text networks

    CERN Document Server

    Henry, Teague; Chai, Christine; Owens-Oas, Derek

    2016-01-01

    The last decade has seen great progress in both dynamic network modeling and topic modeling. This paper draws upon both areas to create a Bayesian method that allows topic discovery to inform the latent network model and the network structure to facilitate topic identification. We apply this method to the 467 top political blogs of 2012. Our results find complex community structure within this set of blogs, where community membership depends strongly upon the set of topics in which the blogger is interested.

  2. The Untried Model of the Urban Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grede, John F.

    A model for a new type of urban community college is described. It consists of a cluster of five community colleges scattered around the perimeter of a central business district of a large city. Each college concentrates on one of the following specializations: business, creative and performing arts, engineering and industry, health, and public…

  3. Systems modeling approaches for microbial community studies: From metagenomics to inference of the community structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark eHanemaaijer

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Microbial communities play important roles in health, industrial applications and earth's ecosystems. With current molecular techniques we can characterize these systems in unprecedented detail. However, such methods provide little mechanistic insight into how the genetic properties and the dynamic couplings between individual microorganisms give rise to their dynamic activities. Neither do they give insight into what we call `the community state', that is the fluxes and concentrations of nutrients within the community. This knowledge is a prerequisite for rational control and intervention in microbial communities. Therefore, the inference of the community structure from experimental data is a major current challenge. We will argue that this inference problem requires mathematical models that can integrate heterogeneous experimental data with existing knowledge. We propose that two types of models are needed. Firstly, mathematical models that integrate existing genomic, physiological, and physicochemical information with metagenomics data so as to maximize information content and predictive power. This can be achieved with the use of constraint-based genome-scale stoichiometric modeling of community metabolism which is ideally suited for this purpose. Next, we propose a simpler coarse-grained model, which is tailored to solve the inference problem from the experimental data. This model unambiguously relate to the more detailed genome-scale stoichiometric models which act as heterogeneous data integrators. The simpler inference models are, in our opinion, key to understanding microbial ecosystems, yet until now, have received remarkably little attention. This has led to the situation where the modeling of microbial communities, using only genome-scale models is currently more a computational, theoretical exercise than a method useful to the experimentalist.

  4. Calibration of the Crop model in the Community Land Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Zeng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Farming is using more terrestrial ground with increases in population and the expanding use of agriculture for non-nutritional purposes such as biofuel production. This agricultural expansion exerts an increasing impact on the terrestrial carbon cycle. In order to understand the impact of such processes, the Community Land Model (CLM has been augmented with a CLM-Crop extension that simulates the development of three crop types: maize, soybean, and spring wheat. The CLM-Crop model is a complex system that relies on a suite of parametric inputs that govern plant growth under a given atmospheric forcing and available resources. CLM-Crop development used measurements of gross primary productivity and net ecosystem exchange from AmeriFlux sites to choose parameter values that optimize crop productivity in the model. In this paper we calibrate these values in order to provide a faithful projection in terms of both plant development and net carbon exchange, using a Markov chain Monte Carlo technique.

  5. Modelling community structure in freshwater ecosystems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lek, S.; Scardi, M.; Verdonschot, P.F.M.; Descy, J.P.; Park, Y.S.

    2005-01-01

    The book presents approaches and methodologies for predicting the structure and diversity of key aquatic communities (namely diatoms, benthic macroinvertebrates and fish), under natural conditions and under man-made disturbance. Such an approach will make it possible to: 1) set up procedures for

  6. A stochastic model for detecting overlapping and hierarchical community structure.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaochun Cao

    Full Text Available Community detection is a fundamental problem in the analysis of complex networks. Recently, many researchers have concentrated on the detection of overlapping communities, where a vertex may belong to more than one community. However, most current methods require the number (or the size of the communities as a priori information, which is usually unavailable in real-world networks. Thus, a practical algorithm should not only find the overlapping community structure, but also automatically determine the number of communities. Furthermore, it is preferable if this method is able to reveal the hierarchical structure of networks as well. In this work, we firstly propose a generative model that employs a nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF formulization with a l(2,1 norm regularization term, balanced by a resolution parameter. The NMF has the nature that provides overlapping community structure by assigning soft membership variables to each vertex; the l(2,1 regularization term is a technique of group sparsity which can automatically determine the number of communities by penalizing too many nonempty communities; and hence the resolution parameter enables us to explore the hierarchical structure of networks. Thereafter, we derive the multiplicative update rule to learn the model parameters, and offer the proof of its correctness. Finally, we test our approach on a variety of synthetic and real-world networks, and compare it with some state-of-the-art algorithms. The results validate the superior performance of our new method.

  7. Restoring our urban communities: A model for an empowered America

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This booklet tells the story of how two very different types of organizations - Bethel New Life and Argonne National Laboratory - have forged a partnership to rebuild West Garfield Park. This unique Partnership blends Bethel`s theological and sociological roots with Argonne`s scientific and technological expertise. Together they hope to offer the community fresh, transferable approaches to solving urban socio-economic and environmental problems. The Partnership hopes to address and solve the inner city`s technological problems through community participation and collaborative demonstrations - without losing sight of the community`s social needs. The key themes throughout this booklet - jobs, sustainable community development, energy efficiency, and environment - highlight challenges the partners face. By bringing people and technologies together, this Partnership will give West Garfield Park residents a better life -- and, perhaps, offer other communities a successful model for urban renewal.

  8. [Exploration and research of community management model for asthmatic children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jingpeng; Wei, Hong; Li, Xuejun; Wang, Mengmeng; Wang, Genxiang; Zhao, Shunying

    2014-05-01

    To study the efficacy of community management model of bronchial asthma in children. Through community outreach and clinic, 120 cases of children with asthma were enrolled from the 11 000 children aged 0 to 14 in Zhanlanlu area, and a community management model of asthma was established according to the Global Initiative for Asthma requirements combined with the actual situation of the community, both physicians and patients participated in case identification, file creation, and long-term standardized management. Through repeated medical education, the telephone hotline and interactive network of asthma among physicians, children and parents, a physician-patient relationship was established. The data of standardized medication, scheduled re-visit to the hospital, frequency of asthma attacks, antibiotic use, medical expenses, the loss of parents work hours etc. before and after the implementation of community management model were analyzed and compared. After implementation of community management model, the use of systemic corticosteroids (19.4%), oral medication (31.6%) was significantly lower than those before implementation (68.3% and 90.0%) (χ(2) = 51.9, 41.1, P management level (10.0%), χ(2) = 106.0, P management, eventually the dropout rate was 9.2%. Enrollment of children with bronchial asthma into community management model made the children adhere to the management regularly and a standardized management was achieved.

  9. Community Preparedness: Creating a Model for Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    such as tractor safety (Witte et al., 1993), Radon awareness (Witte et al., 1998b), teenage pregnancy (Witte, 1997), and HIV/AIDS in Africa (Witte...greater threats were “getting fat” or “losing friends.” Thus, the teens suggested that an 25 effective pregnancy prevention fear appeal should threaten...Witte, K. (1997). Preventing teen pregnancy through persuasive communications: Realities, myths, and the hard-fact truths. Journal of Community

  10. Sustaining Community-University Collaborations: The Durham University Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Russell

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Durham University has initiated a community outreach and engagement program based on an evolving multifaceted model. This article analyses the components of the model and looks at how our work at Durham has become increasingly embedded in the structures and processes of the university as it has developed. The strengths and weaknesses in what has been achieved are highlighted, as is the future vision for the further development of this innovative community-university program. Keywords Public engagement; community partnerships; employer supported volunteering; corporate social responsibility

  11. The Development and Impact of the Livestock Guru: Meeting the Knowledge Needs of Poor Livestock Keepers in Tamil Nadu, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Yu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Livestock keepers comprise 2/3rds of the 2.8 billion households living on less than two dollars per day. However, as a group they tend to be marginalised and excluded from formal service provision, particularly in relation to animal health. Therefore, the following paper describes the development of the Livestock Guru, a multi-media learning programme created to meet the knowledge needs of poor livestock keepers in Tamil Nadu, India. The findings from the study illustrate the importance of both appropriate visuals, voice-overs but also the need for addressing issues in the environment in which learning will take place.

  12. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH, KOMUNIKASI ORGANISASI, MOTIVASI, DAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU DI SMP NEGERI 16 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gading Puspaningtyas

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Kinerja guru yang baik tentunya dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, seperti kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, komunikasi organisasi, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja yang ada di SMP Negeri 16 Semarang. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini yaitu tingkat kedisiplinan guru dalam mengumpulkan perangkat pembelajaran masih rendah, hal ini mengakibatkan proses kegiatan belajar menjadi kurang efektif karena materi, media, dan metode yang dibawakan timbul secara spontan, siswa memiliki sedikit pengetahuan tentang kewirausahaan di sekolah, materi belajar pada buku sekolah masih terbatas, dan ruang kantor yang terasa panas dan gelap. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode dokumentasi dan angket. Uji keberartian persamaan regresi dilihat dari uji Fhitung = 22,103 dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,000 < 0,05 sehingga diperoleh Y = 5,502 + 0,121X1 + 0,232X2 + 0,145X3+ 0,116X4. Besarnya pengaruh secara simultan antara kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, komunikasi organisasi, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja terhadap kinerja guru yaitu 66,8%. Variabel yang memberikan pengaruh paling besar terhadap kinerja guru secara parsial adalah komunikasi organisasi yaitu sebesar 17,47%, sedangkan untuk kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, motivasi, dan lingkungan kerja berpengaruh lebih kecil yaitu masing-masing sebesar 11,69%, 11,35% dan 10,56%. Teacher’s performance is influenced by several factors, such as principal’s leadership, organization communication, motivation, and work environment. The initial observation showed that the problems of the teacher’s performance were: teacher’s discipline to gather the learn program still low, it was ineffective learning process because the material, media, and method were spontaneous, students have a little knowledge about entrepreneurship, the books are still limited, and a part of the teacher’s room was hot and dark. The data were colleted by documentation and questionnaire. The significance of the test equation as calculated from the F

  13. The Community-based Whole Magnetosphere Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    Tribulations and Exultations in Coupling Models of the Magnetosphere with Ionosphere-Thermosphere Models, Plane- tary Aeronomy ISSI Meeting, Bern...Exultations in Coupling Models of the Magnetosphere CWMM-19 Ridley CWMM Final Report with Ionosphere-Thermosphere Models, Plane- tary Aeronomy ISSI

  14. Challenges of Identifying Communities with Shared Semantics in Enterprise Modeling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoppenbrouwers, Stijn; Linden, D. van der

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we discuss the use and challenges of identifying communities with shared semantics in Enterprise Modeling. People tend to understand modeling meta-concepts (i.e., a modeling language’s constructs or types) in a certain way and can be grouped by this understanding. Having an insight int

  15. Communities that care for families: the LINC Model for enhancing individual, family, and community resilience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landau, Judith

    2010-10-01

    The resilience of families and communities is inextricably linked. Their healthy functioning relies on a balance of stressors and resources. Both can be jeopardized by major challenges such as socioeconomic change or natural and man-made disasters. Such events can cause increased incidences of physical and mental problems such as addiction, posttraumatic stress syndrome, and heart disease. Trauma breeds marginalization, abuse of power, and prejudice. How these stressors are handled is profoundly influenced by the degree of connectedness-attachment-to family and culture of origin. Connectedness can be enhanced by mobilizing support systems, facilitating access to resources, strengthening family, community and cultural ties, and fostering resilience. The LINC Model increases connectedness at the individual, family, and community levels. This article includes methods for designing interventions, studies and clinical vignettes that illustrate the application of the LINC Model, and examples of communities that have overcome major stress.

  16. A quantitative model for assessing community dynamics of pleistocene mammals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, S Kathleen

    2005-06-01

    Previous studies have suggested that species responded individualistically to the climate change of the last glaciation, expanding and contracting their ranges independently. Consequently, many researchers have concluded that community composition is plastic over time. Here I quantitatively assess changes in community composition over broad timescales and assess the effect of range shifts on community composition. Data on Pleistocene mammal assemblages from the FAUNMAP database were divided into four time periods (preglacial, full glacial, postglacial, and modern). Simulation analyses were designed to determine whether the degree of change in community composition is consistent with independent range shifts, given the distribution of range shifts observed. Results indicate that many of the communities examined in the United States were more similar through time than expected if individual range shifts were completely independent. However, in each time transition examined, there were areas of nonanalogue communities. I conducted sensitivity analyses to explore how the results were affected by the assumptions of the null model. Conclusions about changes in mammalian distributions and community composition are robust with respect to the assumptions of the model. Thus, whether because of biotic interactions or because of common environmental requirements, community structure through time is more complex than previously thought.

  17. Evaluation of the integrated community based home care model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LR Uys

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available In 1999-2000 the Integrated Community-Based Home Care model for the care of people with AIDS in communities were implemented in seven sites across the country. The post-implementation evaluation showed that most respondents felt that the model could be replicated if a functioning and informed network including all partners, and a strong management team were in place. The effects of the project were mainly positive for all stakeholders (hospice, clinic, hospital, PWA and their carers, professionals and other community members. Hospitals and community- based services became more aware of and involved in the needs of PWA and felt that the model enabled them to address these needs. PWA and their carers felt supported and respected.

  18. A mathematical model for a gaming community

    CERN Document Server

    Breban, Romulus

    2016-01-01

    We consider a large community of individuals who mix strongly and meet in pairs to bet on a coin toss. We investigate the asset distribution of the players involved in this zero-sum repeated game. Our main result is that the asset distribution converges to the exponential distribution, irrespective of the size of the bet, as long as players can never go bankrupt. Analytical results suggests that the exponential distribution is a stable fixed point for this zero-sum repreated game. This is confirmed in numerical experiments.

  19. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Nugroho

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan real-worlds yang menyangkut konsep dasar medan dan memerlukan jawaban secara spontan. Hasil studi inimenunjukan bahwa (1 struktur konsep mahasiswa mengenai medan elektrostatik pada umumnya mengalami fragmentasi; (2mahasiswa mengalami kerancuan dalam memahami konsep medan elektrostatik; (3 Pada umumnya, mahasiswa masihberlandaskan konsep gaya dalam memahami tentang medan. The purpose of this research is to explore the concept structure of electrostatics field of teacher candidate student. In thisexperiment, we used thinks-aloud method and varied by others (interview, discussion and written-test. Respondent consisted ofeight students of second semester passing Basic Physics subject as the first group and nine students of sixth semester passingelectricity and magnetism subject as the second group. On these students the real world questions related to concept of field andneeded spontaneous answer are asked. The study result shows that (1 in general the concept structure of electrostatics field ofstudents undergoes fragmenting process; (2 the students experience contamination in understanding the electrostatics fieldconcept, and (3 in general the students are still based on the force concept in understanding the field.Keywords: framing analysis, teacher candidate student, concept structure

  20. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Nugroho

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan real-worlds yang menyangkut konsep dasar medan dan memerlukan jawaban secara spontan. Hasil studi inimenunjukan bahwa (1 struktur konsep mahasiswa mengenai medan elektrostatik pada umumnya mengalami fragmentasi; (2mahasiswa mengalami kerancuan dalam memahami konsep medan elektrostatik; (3 Pada umumnya, mahasiswa masihberlandaskan konsep gaya dalam memahami tentang medan. The purpose of this research is to explore the concept structure of electrostatics field of teacher candidate student. In thisexperiment, we used thinks-aloud method and varied by others (interview, discussion and written-test. Respondent consisted ofeight students of second semester passing Basic Physics subject as the first group and nine students of sixth semester passingelectricity and magnetism subject as the second group. On these students the real world questions related to concept of field andneeded spontaneous answer are asked. The study result shows that (1 in general the concept structure of electrostatics field ofstudents undergoes fragmenting process; (2 the students experience contamination in understanding the electrostatics fieldconcept, and (3 in general the students are still based on the force concept in understanding the field.Keywords: framing analysis, teacher candidate student, concept structure

  1. A model for evolution of overlapping community networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karan, Rituraj; Biswal, Bibhu

    2017-05-01

    A model is proposed for the evolution of network topology in social networks with overlapping community structure. Starting from an initial community structure that is defined in terms of group affiliations, the model postulates that the subsequent growth and loss of connections is similar to the Hebbian learning and unlearning in the brain and is governed by two dominant factors: the strength and frequency of interaction between the members, and the degree of overlap between different communities. The temporal evolution from an initial community structure to the current network topology can be described based on these two parameters. It is possible to quantify the growth occurred so far and predict the final stationary state to which the network is likely to evolve. Applications in epidemiology or the spread of email virus in a computer network as well as finding specific target nodes to control it are envisaged. While facing the challenge of collecting and analyzing large-scale time-resolved data on social groups and communities one faces the most basic questions: how do communities evolve in time? This work aims to address this issue by developing a mathematical model for the evolution of community networks and studying it through computer simulation.

  2. Observing and modelling phytoplankton community structure in the North Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, David A.; van der Molen, Johan; Hyder, Kieran; Bacon, John; Barciela, Rosa; Creach, Veronique; McEwan, Robert; Ruardij, Piet; Forster, Rodney

    2017-03-01

    Phytoplankton form the base of the marine food chain, and knowledge of phytoplankton community structure is fundamental when assessing marine biodiversity. Policy makers and other users require information on marine biodiversity and other aspects of the marine environment for the North Sea, a highly productive European shelf sea. This information must come from a combination of observations and models, but currently the coastal ocean is greatly under-sampled for phytoplankton data, and outputs of phytoplankton community structure from models are therefore not yet frequently validated. This study presents a novel set of in situ observations of phytoplankton community structure for the North Sea using accessory pigment analysis. The observations allow a good understanding of the patterns of surface phytoplankton biomass and community structure in the North Sea for the observed months of August 2010 and 2011. Two physical-biogeochemical ocean models, the biogeochemical components of which are different variants of the widely used European Regional Seas Ecosystem Model (ERSEM), were then validated against these and other observations. Both models were a good match for sea surface temperature observations, and a reasonable match for remotely sensed ocean colour observations. However, the two models displayed very different phytoplankton community structures, with one better matching the in situ observations than the other. Nonetheless, both models shared some similarities with the observations in terms of spatial features and inter-annual variability. An initial comparison of the formulations and parameterizations of the two models suggests that diversity between the parameter settings of model phytoplankton functional types, along with formulations which promote a greater sensitivity to changes in light and nutrients, is key to capturing the observed phytoplankton community structure. These findings will help inform future model development, which should be coupled

  3. Models of plant populations and communities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huston, M.

    1990-01-01

    This document is the overview of the plant section in the book, {und Individual-Based Models and Approaches in Ecology}. A brief description of each of the chapters is provided, as well as a comparison of the models presented in each chapter. Four of the six chapters deal with single species interactions, one dealt with a two species system (plants and pollinators) and one deals with multispecies interactions. Both i-state distribution models and i-state configuration models are discussed. (MHB)

  4. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGELOLA KELAS DAN GAYA MENGAJAR GURU TERHADAP KEAKTIFAN BELAJAR SISWA KELAS XI MATERI PEMBELAJARAN PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI SMA NEGERI 2 SLAWI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Febrianto

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas dan gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa kelas XI materi pembelajaran pembangunan ekonomi SMA Negeri 2 Slawi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif, dengan populasi berjumlah 120 siswa dengan sampel 100 siswa. Metode pengambilan data yang digunakan adalah kuesioner. Metode analisis data menggunakan deskriptif dan regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara simultan terdapat pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas dan gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 47,5%. Secara parsial keterampilan mengelola kelas berpengaruh sebesar 54,4% dan gaya mengajar guru berpengaruh sebesar 36,6%. Dengan keterampilan mengelola kelas dan gaya mengajar guru yang baik, akan meningkatkan keaktifan belajar siswa. The aim of this research is to know the impacts of classroom management skills and teaching styles of teachers on student activities class learning materials economic development XI SMA Negeri 2 Slawi. This research is quantitative research, with amount of population was 120 students with a sample of 100 students. The data analysis methods were descriptive and multiple linear regression. The data input methods used are questionnaires. The results showed that there is simultaneously classroom management skills and teaching styles of teachers on student activities class of 47.5%. Partially classroom management skills effect of 54.4% and styles teachers teaching effect of 36.6%. With a good classroom management skills and teaching styles of teachers are high, will increase student activities class.

  5. Next generation dynamic global vegetation models: learning from community ecology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheiter, Simon; Higgins, Steven; Langan, Liam

    2013-04-01

    Dynamic global vegetation models are a powerful tool to project the past, current and future distribution of vegetation and associated water and carbon fluxes. However, most models are limited by how they define vegetation and by their simplistic representation of competition. We discuss how concepts from community assembly theory and coexistence theory can help to improve vegetation models. We further present a new trait- and individual-based dynamic vegetation model (the aDGVM2) that allows each individual plant to adopt a unique combination of trait values. These traits define how each individual plant grows and competes with other plants under given environmental conditions. The performance of individual plants in turn drives the assembly of a plant community. A genetic optimisation algorithm is used to simulate the inheritance of traits and different levels of reproductive isolation between individuals. Together these model properties allow the assembly of plant communities that are well adapted to a site's biotic and abiotic conditions. Simulated communities can be classified into different plant functional types or biome types by using trait data bases. We illustrate that the aDGVM2 can simulate (1) how environmental conditions and changes in these conditions influence the trait spectra of assembled plant communities, (2) that fire selects for traits that enhance fire protection and reduces trait diversity, and (3) the emergence of communities dominated by life history strategies that are suggestive of colonisation-competition trade-offs. The aDGVM2 deals with functional diversity and competition fundamentally differently from current dynamic vegetation models. We argue that this approach will yield novel insights as to how vegetation may respond to climate change and we believe that it could foster fruitful collaborations between research communities that focus on plant functional traits, plant competition, plant physiology, systems ecology and earth system

  6. Evaluating a Community-School Model of Social Work Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diehl, Daniel; Frey, Andy

    2008-01-01

    While research has shown that social workers can have positive impacts on students' school adjustment, evaluations of overall practice models continue to be limited. This article evaluates a model of community-school social work practice by examining its effect on problem behaviors and concerns identified by teachers and parents at referral. As…

  7. A Tiered Model for Linking Students to the Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Laura Landry; Gerard, Jean M.; Sturm, Michael R.; Wooldridge, Deborah G.

    2016-01-01

    A tiered practice model (introductory, pre-internship, and internship) embedded in the curriculum facilitates community engagement and creates relevance for students as they pursue a professional identity in Human Development and Family Studies. The tiered model integrates high-impact teaching practices (HIP) and student engagement pedagogies…

  8. A Tiered Model for Linking Students to the Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Laura Landry; Gerard, Jean M.; Sturm, Michael R.; Wooldridge, Deborah G.

    2016-01-01

    A tiered practice model (introductory, pre-internship, and internship) embedded in the curriculum facilitates community engagement and creates relevance for students as they pursue a professional identity in Human Development and Family Studies. The tiered model integrates high-impact teaching practices (HIP) and student engagement pedagogies…

  9. SIS model of epidemic spreading on dynamical networks with community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chengyi XIA; Shiwen SUN; Feng RAO; Junqing SUN; Jinsong WANG; Zengqiang CHEN

    2009-01-01

    We present a new epidemic Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible (SIS) model to investigate the spreading behav-ior on networks with dynamical topology and community structure. Individuals in the model are mobile agents who are allowed to perform the inter-community (i.e., long-range) motion with the probability p. The mean-field theory is uti-lized to derive the critical threshold (λ_C) of epidemic spread-ing inside separate communities and the influence of the long-range motion on the epidemic spreading. The results indicate that λ_C is only related with the population density within the community, and the long-range motion will make the original disease-free community become the endemic state. Large-scale numerical simulations also demonstrate the theoretical approximations based on our new epidemic model. The current model and analysis will help us to fur-ther understand the propagation behavior of real epidemics taking place on social networks.

  10. Analytic solution of Hubbell's model of local community dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    McKane, A; Sole, R; Kane, Alan Mc; Alonso, David; Sole, Ricard

    2003-01-01

    Recent theoretical approaches to community structure and dynamics reveal that many large-scale features of community structure (such as species-rank distributions and species-area relations) can be explained by a so-called neutral model. Using this approach, species are taken to be equivalent and trophic relations are not taken into account explicitly. Here we provide a general analytic solution to the local community model of Hubbell's neutral theory of biodiversity by recasting it as an urn model i.e.a Markovian description of states and their transitions. Both stationary and time-dependent distributions are analysed. The stationary distribution -- also called the zero-sum multinomial -- is given in closed form. An approximate form for the time-dependence is obtained by using an expansion of the master equation. The temporal evolution of the approximate distribution is shown to be a good representation for the true temporal evolution for a large range of parameter values.

  11. Integrated Water Resources Simulation Model for Rural Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Y.-H.; Liao, W.-T.; Tung, C.-P.

    2012-04-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop several water resources simulation models for residence houses, constructed wetlands and farms and then integrate these models for a rural community. Domestic and irrigation water uses are the major water demand in rural community. To build up a model estimating domestic water demand for residence houses, the average water use per person per day should be accounted first, including water uses of kitchen, bathroom, toilet and laundry. On the other hand, rice is the major crop in the study region, and its productive efficiency sometimes depends on the quantity of irrigation water. The water demand can be estimated by crop water use, field leakage and water distribution loss. Irrigation water comes from rainfall, water supply system and reclaimed water which treated by constructed wetland. In recent years, constructed wetlands play an important role in water resources recycle. They can purify domestic wastewater for water recycling and reuse. After treating from constructed wetlands, the reclaimed water can be reused in washing toilets, watering gardens and irrigating farms. Constructed wetland is one of highly economic benefits for treating wastewater through imitating the processing mechanism of natural wetlands. In general, the treatment efficiency of constructed wetlands is determined by evapotranspiration, inflow, and water temperature. This study uses system dynamics modeling to develop models for different water resource components in a rural community. Furthermore, these models are integrated into a whole system. The model not only is utilized to simulate how water moves through different components, including residence houses, constructed wetlands and farms, but also evaluates the efficiency of water use. By analyzing the flow of water, the water resource simulation model can optimizes water resource distribution under different scenarios, and the result can provide suggestions for designing water resource system of a

  12. Probabilistic models to describe the dynamics of migrating microbial communities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna L Schroeder

    Full Text Available In all but the most sterile environments bacteria will reside in fluid being transported through conduits and some of these will attach and grow as biofilms on the conduit walls. The concentration and diversity of bacteria in the fluid at the point of delivery will be a mix of those when it entered the conduit and those that have become entrained into the flow due to seeding from biofilms. Examples include fluids through conduits such as drinking water pipe networks, endotracheal tubes, catheters and ventilation systems. Here we present two probabilistic models to describe changes in the composition of bulk fluid microbial communities as they are transported through a conduit whilst exposed to biofilm communities. The first (discrete model simulates absolute numbers of individual cells, whereas the other (continuous model simulates the relative abundance of taxa in the bulk fluid. The discrete model is founded on a birth-death process whereby the community changes one individual at a time and the numbers of cells in the system can vary. The continuous model is a stochastic differential equation derived from the discrete model and can also accommodate changes in the carrying capacity of the bulk fluid. These models provide a novel Lagrangian framework to investigate and predict the dynamics of migrating microbial communities. In this paper we compare the two models, discuss their merits, possible applications and present simulation results in the context of drinking water distribution systems. Our results provide novel insight into the effects of stochastic dynamics on the composition of non-stationary microbial communities that are exposed to biofilms and provides a new avenue for modelling microbial dynamics in systems where fluids are being transported.

  13. Affinity and Hostility in Divided Communities: a Mathematical Model

    CERN Document Server

    Thron, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    We propose, develop, and analyze a mathematical model of intergroup attitudes in a community that is divided between two distinct social groups (which may be distinguished by religion, ethnicity, or some other socially distinguishing factor). The model is based on very simple premises that are both intuitive and justified by sociological research. We investigate the behavior of the model in various special cases, for various model configurations. We discuss the stability of the model, and the continuous or discontinuous dependence of model behavior on various parameters. Finally, we discuss possible implications for strategies to improve intergroup affinity, and to defuse tension and prevent deterioration of intergroup relationships.

  14. PENGGUNAAN NEGOSIASI MAKNA DALAM WACANA LISAN GURU DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PEMAHAMAN SISWA KELAS IV SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Septi Kartika Sari

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to describe the shape and type of negotiation of meaning and the frequency of the use of negotiation of meaning that teachers do in their lessons in the fourth grade. Moreover, it also aims to determine the effect of negotiation of meaning to the understanding of fourth grade students. This type of research is descriptive, because it describes the phenomena deslriptif shape and function of the use of negotiation of meaning as it is. The instrument used in this study are guidelines for observation, interview and test. The main instrument in this study is the researchers themselves who aided and supported by the other instruments. In the qualitative method, using observation sheet instruments and guidelines for the interview. Researchers used data collection techniques such as observation sheets, interview and test. The results showed that There are nine forms of negotiation of meaning. The form of negotiations that meaning is, ask questions inducement, explain, repeat, evaluating, defining, affirmation, outlines, and respond. There are nine functions Function negotiation negotiation of meaning that meaning is, requests for clarification, confirmation, confirmation check, repair or correction of its own, expansion, demand explanations, clarifications reply, reply confirmation, and reply as an answer. Frequency negotiation of meaning that most often appears on learning is a check confirmation. more often negotiate meaning it appears, increasing student understanding. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bentuk dan jenis negosiasi makna dan frekuensi penggunaan negosiasi makna yang dilakukan guru dalam pembelajaran yang dilakukan di kelas IV SD. Selain itu, untuk mengetahui pengaruh negosiasi makna terhadap pemahaman siswa kelas IV SD. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif karena memaparkan fenomena bentuk dan fungsi penggunaan negosiasi makna secara apa adanya. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pedoman

  15. Environmental Management Model for Road Maintenance Operation Involving Community Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triyono, A. R. H.; Setyawan, A.; Sobriyah; Setiono, P.

    2017-07-01

    Public expectations of Central Java, which is very high on demand fulfillment, especially road infrastructure as outlined in the number of complaints and community expectations tweeter, Short Mail Massage (SMS), e-mail and public reports from various media, Highways Department of Central Java province requires development model of environmental management in the implementation of a routine way by involving the community in order to fulfill the conditions of a representative, may serve road users safely and comfortably. This study used survey method with SEM analysis and SWOT with Latent Independent Variable (X), namely; Public Participation in the regulation, development, construction and supervision of road (PSM); Public behavior in the utilization of the road (PMJ) Provincial Road Service (PJP); Safety in the Provincial Road (KJP); Integrated Management System (SMT) and latent dependent variable (Y) routine maintenance of the provincial road that is integrated with the environmental management system and involve the participation of the community (MML). The result showed the implementation of routine maintenance of road conditions in Central Java province has yet to implement an environmental management by involving the community; Therefore developed environmental management model with the results of H1: Community Participation (PSM) has positive influence on the Model of Environmental Management (MML); H2: Behavior Society in Jalan Utilization (PMJ) positive effect on Model Environmental Management (MML); H3: Provincial Road Service (PJP) positive effect on Model Environmental Management (MML); H4: Safety in the Provincial Road (KJP) positive effect on Model Environmental Management (MML); H5: Integrated Management System (SMT) has positive influence on the Model of Environmental Management (MML). From the analysis obtained formulation model describing the relationship / influence of the independent variables PSM, PMJ, PJP, KJP, and SMT on the dependent variable

  16. Proteomics of Porphyromonas gingivalis within a model oral microbial community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Tiansong

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Porphyromonas gingivalis is a periodontal pathogen that resides in a complex multispecies microbial biofilm community known as dental plaque. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that P. gingivalis can assemble into communities in vitro with Streptococcus gordonii and Fusobacterium nucleatum, common constituents of dental plaque. Whole cell quantitative proteomics, along with mutant construction and analysis, were conducted to investigate how P. gingivalis adapts to this three species community. Results 1156 P. gingivalis proteins were detected qualitatively during comparison of the three species model community with P. gingivalis incubated alone under the same conditions. Integration of spectral counting and summed signal intensity analyses of the dataset showed that 403 proteins were down-regulated and 89 proteins up-regulated. The proteomics results were inspected manually and an ontology analysis conducted using DAVID. Significant decreases were seen in proteins involved in cell shape and the formation of the cell envelope, as well as thiamine, cobalamin, and pyrimidine synthesis and DNA repair. An overall increase was seen in proteins involved in protein synthesis. HmuR, a TonB dependent outer membrane receptor, was up-regulated in the community and an hmuR deficient mutant was deficient in three species community formation, but was unimpaired in its ability to form mono- or dual-species biofilms. Conclusion Collectively, these results indicate that P. gingivalis can assemble into a heterotypic community with F. nucleatum and S. gordonii, and that a community lifestyle provides physiologic support for P. gingivalis. Proteins such as HmuR, that are up-regulated, can be necessary for community structure.

  17. Modeling the principles of community-based participatory research in a community health assessment conducted by a health foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Karen Jaynes; Gail Bray, Patricia; Shapiro-Mendoza, Carrie K; Reisz, Ilana; Peranteau, Jane

    2009-01-01

    The authors discuss strategies used and lessons learned by a health foundation during development of a community health assessment model incorporating community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches. The assessment model comprises three models incorporating increasing amounts of CPBR principles. Model A combines local-area analysis of quantitative data, qualitative information (key informants, focus groups), and asset mapping. Model B, a community-based participatory model, emphasizes participatory rural appraisal approaches and quantitative assessment using rapid epidemiological assessment. Model C, a modified version of Model B, is financially more sustainable for our needs than Model B. The authors (a) describe origins of these models and illustrate practical applications and (b) explore the lessons learned in their transition from a traditional, nonparticipatory, quantitative approach to participatory approaches to community-health assessment. It is hoped that this article will contribute to the growing body of knowledge of practical aspects of incorporating CBPR approaches into community health assessments.

  18. Designing healthy communities: Testing the walkability model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana A. Zuniga-Teran

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Research from multiple domains has provided insights into how neighborhood design can be improved to have a more favorable effect on physical activity, a concept known as walkability. The relevant research findings/hypotheses have been integrated into a Walkability Framework, which organizes the design elements into nine walkability categories. The purpose of this study was to test whether this conceptual framework can be used as a model to measure the interactions between the built environment and physical activity. We explored correlations between the walkability categories and physical activity reported through a survey of residents of Tucson, Arizona (n=486. The results include significant correlations between the walkability categories and physical activity as well as between the walkability categories and the two motivations for walking (recreation and transportation. To our knowledge, this is the first study that reports links between walkability and walking for recreation. Additionally, the use of the Walkability Framework allowed us to identify the walkability categories most strongly correlated with the two motivations for walking. The results of this study support the use of the Walkability Framework as a model to measure the built environment in relation to its ability to promote physical activity.

  19. MODELS-3 COMMUNITY MULTISCALE AIR QUALITY (CMAQ) MODEL AEROSOL COMPONENT 1: MODEL DESCRIPTION

    Science.gov (United States)

    The aerosol component of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model is designed to be an efficient and economical depiction of aerosol dynamics in the atmosphere. The approach taken represents the particle size distribution as the superposition of three lognormal subdis...

  20. The theoretical foundations for size spectrum models of fish communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ken Haste; Jacobsen, Nis Sand; Farnsworth, K.D.

    2016-01-01

    assessment of fisheries. We describe the fundamental concepts in size-based models about food encounter and the bioenergetics budget of individuals. Within the general framework three model types have emerged that differs in their degree of complexity: the food-web, the trait-based and the community model....... We demonstrate the differences between the models through examples of their response to fishing and their dynamic behavior. We review implementations of size spectrum models and describe important variations concerning the functional response, whether growth is food-dependent or fixed...

  1. Community perspective on a model to reduce teenage pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabi, Marian M

    2002-11-01

    Qualitative methodology was used to validate elements of an educational career youth developmental model (ECYDM) to reduce teenage pregnancy among African American teens in two inner city urban communities. The specific aims of the study were to gain understanding of the factors contributing to teenage pregnancy and to identify a pregnancy prevention programme relevant to the needs of African American youth. Data were collected from a convenience purposive sample of 43 African American teens and adults. Teen participants included males and non-pregnant, pregnant, and parent females. Adult participants included parents, school staff, and community clergies. Data were collected using demographic questionnaires, structured individual and focus group interviews. Approval from the Institutional Review Board was obtained before conducting the study. Findings supported elements of the ECYDM as a pregnancy prevention programme for African American teens in inner city urban communities. Participants identified an educational-career motivational programme that utilizes mentoring to teach, counsel, and provide information to improve youths' health, education, career, and social outcomes as the pregnancy prevention programme for youth in urban communities. These findings have important implications for future programme design and research. Teenage pregnancy must be addressed within the context of the individual, family, and community. Community partnership and collaboration of resources is necessary to reduce teenage pregnancy. Educational-career programmes are needed to provide information and knowledge to young men and women to make sound informed decisions. Continued qualitative research is also needed to gain understanding of pregnancy prevention programmes.

  2. Modeling the Spread of Tuberculosis in Semiclosed Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Herrera

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We address the problem of long-term dynamics of tuberculosis (TB and latent tuberculosis (LTB in semiclosed communities. These communities are congregate settings with the potential for sustained daily contact for weeks, months, and even years between their members. Basic examples of these communities are prisons, but certain urban/rural communities, some schools, among others could possibly fit well into this definition. These communities present a sort of ideal conditions for TB spread. In order to describe key relevant dynamics of the disease in these communities, we consider a five compartments SEIR model with five possible routes toward TB infection: primary infection after a contact with infected and infectious individuals (fast TB, endogenous reactivation after a period of latency (slow TB, relapse by natural causes after a cure, exogenous reinfection of latently infected, and exogenous reinfection of recovered individuals. We discuss the possible existence of multiple endemic equilibrium states and the role that the two types of exogenous reinfections in the long-term dynamics of the disease could play.

  3. RCCtrust: A Combined Trust Model for Electronic Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Zhang; Hua-Jun Chen; Xiao-Hong Jiang; Hao Sheng; Zhao-Hui Wu

    2009-01-01

    Previous trust models are mainly focused on reputational mechanism based on explicit trust ratings.However,the large amount of user-generated content and community context published on Web is often ignored.Without enough information,there are several problems with previous trust models:first,they cannot determine in which field one user trusts in another,so many models assume that trust exists in all fields.Second some models are not able to delineate the variation of trust SCales,therefore they regard each user trusts all his friends to the same extent.Third,since these models only focus on explicit trust ratings,so the trust matrix is very sparse.To Solve these problems,we present RCCtrust-a trust model which combines Reputation-,Content-and Context-based mechanisms to provide more accurate,fine-grained and efficient trust management for the electronic community.We extract trust-related information from user-generated content and community context from Web to extend reputation-based trust models. We introduce role-based and behavior-based reasoning functionalities to infer users'i nterests and category-specific trust relationships.Following the study in sociology, RCCtrust exploits similarities between pairs of users to depict difierentiated trust scales.The experimental results show that RCCtrust outperforin8 pure user similarity method and linear decay trust-aware technique in both accuracy and coverage for a Recommender System.

  4. Community Reintegration: The Value of Educational-Action-Training Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Versluys, Hilda P.

    1984-01-01

    The article describes the principles that guide program development, the use of therapeutic and educational activities, and the components of transitional program models for disabled individuals re-entering the community following discharge from rehabilitation facilities. The role of the occupatonal therapist in successful reintegration is…

  5. The New Community College Business and Finance Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myran, Gunder

    2013-01-01

    The term "community college business and finance model" is unlikely to evoke a positive response from educators who resist labeling students as "customers," do not want to call the college's offerings "products," and don't like to hear the college referred to as a "business." Faculty and staff tend…

  6. Modelling community, family, and individual determinants of childhood dental caries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duijster, D.; van Loveren, C.; Dusseldorp, E.; Verrips, G.H.W.

    2014-01-01

    This cross-sectional study empirically tested a theoretical model of pathways and inter-relationships among community, family, and individual determinants of childhood dental caries in a sample of 630, 6-year-old children from the Netherlands. Children's decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) sco

  7. Modeling pollinator community response to contrasting bioenergy scenarios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Ashley B; Meehan, Timothy D; Gratton, Claudio; Isaacs, Rufus

    2014-01-01

    In the United States, policy initiatives aimed at increasing sources of renewable energy are advancing bioenergy production, especially in the Midwest region, where agricultural landscapes dominate. While policy directives are focused on renewable fuel production, biodiversity and ecosystem services will be impacted by the land-use changes required to meet production targets. Using data from field observations, we developed empirical models for predicting abundance, diversity, and community composition of flower-visiting bees based on land cover. We used these models to explore how bees might respond under two contrasting bioenergy scenarios: annual bioenergy crop production and perennial grassland bioenergy production. In the two scenarios, 600,000 ha of marginal annual crop land or marginal grassland were converted to perennial grassland or annual row crop bioenergy production, respectively. Model projections indicate that expansion of annual bioenergy crop production at this scale will reduce bee abundance by 0 to 71%, and bee diversity by 0 to 28%, depending on location. In contrast, converting annual crops on marginal soil to perennial grasslands could increase bee abundance from 0 to 600% and increase bee diversity between 0 and 53%. Our analysis of bee community composition suggested a similar pattern, with bee communities becoming less diverse under annual bioenergy crop production, whereas bee composition transitioned towards a more diverse community dominated by wild bees under perennial bioenergy crop production. Models, like those employed here, suggest that bioenergy policies have important consequences for pollinator conservation.

  8. Comprehensive Community Model for Physical Processes in the Nearshore Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-13

    community model that predicts Nearshore hydrodynamics, sediment transport, and seabed morphology changes given offshore wave conditions and initial...and morphological evolution Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is...11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S) 12. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution unlimited 13

  9. The New Community College Business and Finance Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myran, Gunder

    2013-01-01

    The term "community college business and finance model" is unlikely to evoke a positive response from educators who resist labeling students as "customers," do not want to call the college's offerings "products," and don't like to hear the college referred to as a "business." Faculty and staff tend…

  10. Micmac medical student becomes role model for his community

    OpenAIRE

    Robb, N

    1997-01-01

    When Robert Johnson graduates from medical school in 1998, he will become Canada's first Micmac physician. For him, going to medical school is a major responsibility because he is a role model for an entire community. He hopes he is only the first of many Micmacs to make this career choice.

  11. Training Community Modeling and Simulation Business Plan: 2009 Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    HLA user community • Develop Federate compliance test tools • Revise the HLA Object Model Template ( OMT ) • Update the Distributed Simulation...Ocean, Atmosphere, and Space Environmental Services OCONUS Outside of the Continental United States OFT Office of Force Transformation OMT Object

  12. Modelling community, family, and individual determinants of childhood dental caries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duijster, D.; Loveren, C. van; Dusseldorp, E.; Verrips, G.H.W.

    2014-01-01

    This cross-sectional study empirically tested a theoretical model of pathways and inter-relationships among community, family, and individual determinants of childhood dental caries in a sample of 630, 6-year-old children from the Netherlands. Children's decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft)

  13. Micmac medical student becomes role model for his community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robb, N

    1997-01-01

    When Robert Johnson graduates from medical school in 1998, he will become Canada's first Micmac physician. For him, going to medical school is a major responsibility because he is a role model for an entire community. He hopes he is only the first of many Micmacs to make this career choice.

  14. Context-dependent competition in a model gut bacterial community.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric J de Muinck

    Full Text Available Understanding the ecological processes that generate complex community structures may provide insight into the establishment and maintenance of a normal microbial community in the human gastrointestinal tract, yet very little is known about how biotic interactions influence community dynamics in this system. Here, we use natural strains of Escherichia coli and a simplified model microbiota to demonstrate that the colonization process on the strain level can be context dependent, in the sense that the outcome of intra-specific competition may be determined by the composition of the background community. These results are consistent with previous models for competition between organisms where one competitor has adapted to low resource environments whereas the other is optimized for rapid reproduction when resources are abundant. The genomic profiles of E. coli strains representing these differing ecological strategies provide clues for deciphering the genetic underpinnings of niche adaptation within a single species. Our findings extend the role of ecological theory in understanding microbial systems and the conceptual toolbox for describing microbial community dynamics. There are few, if any, concrete examples of context-dependent competition on a single trophic level. However, this phenomenon can have potentially dramatic effects on which bacteria will successfully establish and persist in the gastrointestinal system, and the principle should be equally applicable to other microbial ecosystems.

  15. Variability in a Community-Structured SIS Epidemiological Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiebeler, David E; Rier, Rachel M; Audibert, Josh; LeClair, Phillip J; Webber, Anna

    2015-04-01

    We study an SIS epidemiological model of a population partitioned into groups referred to as communities, households, or patches. The system is studied using stochastic spatial simulations, as well as a system of ordinary differential equations describing moments of the distribution of infectious individuals. The ODE model explicitly includes the population size, as well as the variability in infection levels among communities and the variability among stochastic realizations of the process. Results are compared with an earlier moment-based model which assumed infinite population size and no variance among realizations of the process. We find that although the amount of localized (as opposed to global) contact in the model has little effect on the equilibrium infection level, it does affect both the timing and magnitude of both types of variability in infection level.

  16. 2012 Community Earth System Model (CESM) Tutorial - Proposal to DOE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holland, Marika [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States); Bailey, David A [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

    2013-03-18

    The Community Earth System Model (CESM) is a fully-coupled, global climate model that provides state-of-the-art computer simulations of the Earth's past, present, and future climate states. This document provides the agenda and list of participants for the conference. Web materials for all lectures and practical sessions available from: http://www.cesm.ucar.edu/events/tutorials/073012/ .

  17. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MINAT MAHASISWA MENJADI GURU AKUNTANSI PADA MAHASISWA PRODI PENDIDIKAN AKUNTANSI ANGKATAN 2010 UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anis Ardyani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Minat menjadi guru merupakan pemusatan pikiran, perasaan, kemauan atau perhatian seseorang terhadap profesi guru. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi pada mahasiswa prodi pendidikan akuntansi angkatan 2010 Universitas Negeri Semarang. Populasi penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa prodi pendidikan akuntansi angkatan 2010 sebanyak 103 mahasiswa. Penentuan jumlah sampel menggunakan rumus slovin dan didapat 82 mahasiswa. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik propotional random sampling yaitu pengambilan sampel secara acak dengan melihat proporsi tiap kelas. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode dokumentasi dan metode kuesioner. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis faktor dan analisis deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 7 kelompok faktor baru yang dapat mempengaruhi minat mahasiswa menjadi guru akuntansi diantaranya yaitu a persepsi mahasiswa tentang profesi guru (24,66%; b kesejahteraan guru (18,69%; c prestasi belajar (15,26%; d pengalaman PPL (13,85%; e teman bergaul (10,54%; f lingkungan keluarga (4,32%; dan g kepribadian (2,62%. Interest in becoming a teacher is a concentration of thought, feeling, volition or one's attention to the teaching profession. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence student interest in becoming a teacher in the accounting department of accounting education student class of 2010 State University of Semarang. The study population was a student of accounting department of education class of 2010 as many as 103 students. Determination of the number of samples obtained using the formula Slovin and 82 students. Sampling technique using proportional random sampling technique is random sampling with the proportions of each class. Methods of data collection using documentation and questionnaire method. Methods of data analysis using factor analysis and

  18. A collaborative model for supporting community-based interdisciplinary education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carney, Patricia A; Schifferdecker, Karen E; Pipas, Catherine F; Fall, Leslie H; Poor, Daniel A; Peltier, Deborah A; Nierenberg, David W; Brooks, W Blair

    2002-07-01

    Development and support of community-based, interdisciplinary ambulatory medical education has achieved high priority due to on-site capacity and the unique educational experiences community sites contribute to the educational program. The authors describe the collaborative model their school developed and implemented in 2000 to integrate institution- and community-based interdisciplinary education through a centralized office, the strengths and challenges faced in applying it, the educational outcomes that are being tracked to evaluate its effectiveness, and estimates of funds needed to ensure its success. Core funding of $180,000 is available annually for a centralized office, the keystone of the model described here. With this funding, the office has (1) addressed recruitment, retention, and quality of educators for UME; (2) promoted innovation in education, evaluation, and research; (3) supported development of a comprehensive curriculum for medical school education; and (4) monitored the effectiveness of community-based education programs by tracking product yield and cost estimates needed to generate these programs. The model's Teaching and Learning Database contains information about more than 1,500 educational placements at 165 ambulatory teaching sites (80% in northern New England) involving 320 active preceptors. The centralized office facilitated 36 site visits, 22% of which were interdisciplinary, involving 122 preceptors. A total of 98 follow-up requests by community-based preceptors were fulfilled in 2000. The current submission-to-funding ratio for educational grants is 56%. Costs per educational activity have ranged from $811.50 to $1,938, with costs per preceptor ranging from $101.40 to $217.82. Cost per product (grants, manuscripts, presentations) in research and academic scholarship activities was $2,492. The model allows the medical school to balance institutional and departmental support for its educational programs, and to better position

  19. Random field Ising model and community structure in complex networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, S.-W.; Jeong, H.; Noh, J. D.

    2006-04-01

    We propose a method to determine the community structure of a complex network. In this method the ground state problem of a ferromagnetic random field Ising model is considered on the network with the magnetic field Bs = +∞, Bt = -∞, and Bi≠s,t=0 for a node pair s and t. The ground state problem is equivalent to the so-called maximum flow problem, which can be solved exactly numerically with the help of a combinatorial optimization algorithm. The community structure is then identified from the ground state Ising spin domains for all pairs of s and t. Our method provides a criterion for the existence of the community structure, and is applicable equally well to unweighted and weighted networks. We demonstrate the performance of the method by applying it to the Barabási-Albert network, Zachary karate club network, the scientific collaboration network, and the stock price correlation network. (Ising, Potts, etc.)

  20. Creating A Sustainable Model of Spine Care in Underserved Communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haldeman, Scott; Nordin, Margareta; Outerbridge, Geoff

    2015-01-01

    The world lacks sustainable models of care to manage spinal disorders in poor and underserved communities. The purpose of this article is to: (1) review the rationale and importance of developing a sustainable evidence-based model of care at low cost for people with spinal disorders in underserved...... leadership, research and a model of care, there is an opportunity to help reduce the burden of the leading cause of disability in the world....... adequate care, World Spine Care (WSC) was established to "improve lives in underserved communities through sustainable, integrated, evidence-based, spinal care." WSC is comprised of volunteers and institutions from 6 continents and several countries, and incorporates a Board of Directors, an executive...

  1. Conceptual hierarchical modeling to describe wetland plant community organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, A.M.; Guntenspergen, G.R.; Allen, T.F.H.

    2010-01-01

    Using multivariate analysis, we created a hierarchical modeling process that describes how differently-scaled environmental factors interact to affect wetland-scale plant community organization in a system of small, isolated wetlands on Mount Desert Island, Maine. We followed the procedure: 1) delineate wetland groups using cluster analysis, 2) identify differently scaled environmental gradients using non-metric multidimensional scaling, 3) order gradient hierarchical levels according to spatiotem-poral scale of fluctuation, and 4) assemble hierarchical model using group relationships with ordination axes and post-hoc tests of environmental differences. Using this process, we determined 1) large wetland size and poor surface water chemistry led to the development of shrub fen wetland vegetation, 2) Sphagnum and water chemistry differences affected fen vs. marsh / sedge meadows status within small wetlands, and 3) small-scale hydrologic differences explained transitions between forested vs. non-forested and marsh vs. sedge meadow vegetation. This hierarchical modeling process can help explain how upper level contextual processes constrain biotic community response to lower-level environmental changes. It creates models with more nuanced spatiotemporal complexity than classification and regression tree procedures. Using this process, wetland scientists will be able to generate more generalizable theories of plant community organization, and useful management models. ?? Society of Wetland Scientists 2009.

  2. The evolution of the Fenway Community Health model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, K; Appelbaum, J; Rogers, T; Lo, W; Bradford, J; Boswell, S

    2001-06-01

    Fenway Community Health was founded by community activists in 1971 in the Fenway neighborhood of Boston, Mass, and within a decade had rapidly expanded its medical services for gay men in response to the AIDS epidemic. Increased expertise and cultural competence in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) care led to expansion of medical services to address broader community concerns, ranging from substance use to parenting issues to domestic and homophobic violence, as well as specialized programs for lesbians, bisexuals, and transgendered individuals. Fenway began as a grassroots neighborhood clinic. In 1975, the center recorded 5000 patient care visits; in 2000, Fenway's clinical departments recorded 50,850 visits by 8361 individuals, including more than 1100 individuals receiving HIV-associated care. The center now has more than 170 staff people responsible for clinical programs, community education, research, administration, planning, and development. Over the past few years, Fenway's annual budget has exceeded $10 million. Fenway has established standards for improved cultural competence about LGBT health issues for other health providers and has developed programs to educate the general community about specific LGBT health concerns. This health center may provide a model of comprehensive LGBT health services that have a local impact.

  3. PENGEMBANGAN PROFESIONAL GURU DALAM PENERAPAN MODEL PENELITIAN TINDAKAN KELAS PADA SMK RUMPUN TEKNOLOGI DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Supraptono

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research are for descipting many correlation of variebl which can be contributed to policy of the head master or regional leader of educatonal departemen, to explore the resistence of teacher while they implemented the action research project in the class, to expand the moodel of statistic that can contructed. The population in this research are the teacher in study program of vocational in SMKN Teknologi at Semarang City, there are 240 personals. The sample are the teacher in adaptive program, there are 140 personals. With mehod of purposive random sampling, can be took 60 personals. He data analysis by SPSS program. The research finding explained that correlation between leadership and culture organitation 0,86; the corelation of leadership and motivation for reasearh 0,87; the corelation between leadership and motivation for research to implementation of CAR is 0.89; the corelation between supervision and motivation for research to implementation of CAR is 0.77; The resarcher‟s sugestion is that leadership and culture organitation is must be strong built for supporting the increasing of teacher competency in research, the supervisor program must be a strong direction and best planning. The motivation for research can be improved by the best leadership and supervision give away for implementation of CAR strategy. Keywords: Profesional teacher, CAR, Vocational School

  4. Community capacity for sustainable community-based dengue prevention and control:domain, assessment tool and capacity building model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Charuai Suwanbamrung

    2010-01-01

    In order to understand the community capacity for sustainable community-based dengue prevention and control, this paper proposes the approach of a previous study about meaning and domains of dengue prevention and control, an assessment tool and a community capacity building model for sustainable community-based dengue prevention and control in the Southern Thailand. A study of dengue community capacity domains was conducted by utilizing a qualitative method, whereby ten initial community domains were identified by means of a literature review, in-depth interviews of sixty community leaders, and eight focus group discussions with sixty non-leaders in four sub-districts of southern Thailand. In the final study, there were 14 identifiable domains in leaders group and 11 domains in non-leaders. The resulting dengue community capacity-assessment tool (DCCAT) consisted of two parts:one for leaders (DCCAT-L) and the other for non-leaders (DCCAT-NL). DCCAT-L was composed of 115 items within 14 domains and 83 items within 11 domains for the DCCAT-NL. The key domains of leaders and non-leaders had a partial overlap of domains such as critical situation management, personal leadership, health care provider capacity, needs assessment, senses of community, leader group networking, communication of dengue information, community leadership, religious capacity, leader group and community networking, resource mobilization, dengue working group, community participation, and continuing activities. The application of the new tool consisted of five steps:1) community preparation, 2) assessment, 3) a community hearing meeting, 4) interventions, and 5) conclusion and improvement step. All stakeholders in the community should use the new tool based on a clear understanding of the measurement objectives, the desired outcomes, resources available and characteristics of their community. If communities need to develop and build dengue community capacity, then the designed pre

  5. Are Universities Role Models for Communities? A Gender Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felicia Cornelia MACARIE

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper explores the degree in which universities could/should serve as role models for communities from the perspective of gender integration. Although the theoretical/ moral answer would be affirmative (universities should be in such a position that would allow local communities to regard them as role models of gender integration, the primary empirical analysis leads to another conclusion. A brief theoretical review (that connects gender discrimination, sustainable development, universities and local communities is followed by an empirical analysis that compares the management structures of 12 Romanian Universities of Advanced Research and Education (the best Romanian universities according to a national ranking with those of four local communities where they are located (as geographic proximity would lead to a better diffusion of best practices. Contrary to initial expectations, even in higher education institutions, women are underrepresented both in executive and legislative positions. Since universities are subject to the same major patterns of gender discrimination (such as role theory, glass ceiling and glass elevator as private and public organizations, they lose the moral high ground that theory would suggest. However, medicine and pharmacy universities that can be connected with the traditional roles attributed to women provide better gender integration, but glass escalator phenomena remain present even in these limited fields.

  6. Sustaining diversity in trait-based models of phytoplankton communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agostino eMerico

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available It is well-established that when equilibrium is attained for two species competing for the same limiting resource in a stable, uniform environment, one species will eliminate the other due to competitive exclusion. While competitive exclusion is observed in laboratory experiments and ecological models, the phenomenon seems less common in nature, where static equilibrium is prevented by the fluctuating physical environment and by other factors that constantly change species abundances and the nature of competitive interactions. Trait-based models of phytoplankton communities appear to be useful tools for describing the evolution of large assemblages of species with aggregate group properties such as total biomass, mean trait, and trait variance, the latter representing the functional diversity of the community. Such an approach, however, is limited by the tendency of the trait variance to unrealistically decline to zero over time. This tendency to lose diversity, and therefore adaptive capacity, is typically solved by fixing the variance or by considering exogenous processes such as immigration. Exogenous processes, however, cannot explain the maintenance of adaptive capacity often observed in the closed environment of chemostat experiments. Here we present a new method to sustain diversity in adaptive trait-based models of phytoplankton communities based on a mechanism of trait diffusion through subsequent generations. Our modeling approach can therefore account for endogenous processes such as rapid evolution or transgenerational trait plasticity.

  7. Heliophysical Modeling at the CCMC - Community Modeling Activities to Compliment the VHGO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacNeice, P.; Bakshi, S.; Berrios, D.; Chulaki, A.; Goldfarb, M.; Hesse, M.; Kuznetsova, M.; Maddox, M.; Patel, K.; Pulkkinen, A.; Rastaetter, L.; Taktakishvili, A.

    2007-12-01

    The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) hosts an ever growing inventory of models to support the research activities of the Heliophysics community. In this poster we detail this model inventory. We describe the manner in which the CCMC provides access to these models to the community. This support includes model runs driven with archived data and 'realtime' runs which update as the latest data is ingested by the models. It includes runs for individual researchers and in support of observational planning and analysis for a number of flight missions. Our need to integrate the data streams into and out of numerous models and graphics packages has led to the development of a number of infra-structure component that are also highly relevant to the design of the VHGO. We discuss this issue and the natural and vital link that must develop between the VHGO and modeling centers such as the CCMC, if the usefulness of the VHGO is to be maximized.

  8. PENGARUH PERSEPSI SISWA MENGENAI KOMPETENSI GURU TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN AKUNTANSI JASA DAN DAGANG MELALUI MOTIVASI BELAJAR SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maulana Taufiqur Riski

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh langsung persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang maupun melalui motivasi belajar, menganalisis pengaruh motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang, dan menganalisis pengaruh persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap motivasi belajar. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XI Akuntansi SMK PGRI Batang tahun ajaran 2014/2015 yang berjumlah 113 siswa. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 88 siswa yang diambil menggunakan teknik nonprobability sampling dengan sampling kuota. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan dokumentasi dan angket. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif persentase dan analisis jalur serta uji sobel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh secara signifikan persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang sebesar 9,5%, terdapat pengaruh secara signifikan motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang sebesar 24,3%, terdapat pengaruh secara signifikan persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap motivasi belajar sebesar 14,2%, dan terdapat pengaruh secara signifikan persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang melalui motivasi belajar sebagai variabel intervening sebesar 3,5%. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh langsung persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang maupun melalui motivasi belajar. Selanjutnya terdapat pengaruh motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran akuntansi jasa dan dagang, serta terdapat pengaruh persepsi siswa mengenai kompetensi guru terhadap motivasi belajar. Saran yang diberikan dalam penelitian ini adalah guru harus meningkatkan kompetensi yang dimiliki dan

  9. A community diagnostic tool for chemistry climate model validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Gettelman

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This technical note presents an overview of the Chemistry-Climate Model Validation Diagnostic (CCMVal-Diag tool for model evaluation. The CCMVal-Diag tool is a flexible and extensible open source package that facilitates the complex evaluation of global models. Models can be compared to other models, ensemble members (simulations with the same model, and/or many types of observations. The initial construction and application is to coupled chemistry-climate models (CCMs participating in CCMVal, but the evaluation of climate models that submitted output to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP is also possible. The package has been used to assist with analysis of simulations for the 2010 WMO/UNEP Scientific Ozone Assessment and the SPARC Report on the Evaluation of CCMs. The CCMVal-Diag tool is described and examples of how it functions are presented, along with links to detailed descriptions, instructions and source code. The CCMVal-Diag tool supports model development as well as quantifies model changes, both for different versions of individual models and for different generations of community-wide collections of models used in international assessments. The code allows further extensions by different users for different applications and types, e.g. to other components of the Earth system. User modifications are encouraged and easy to perform with minimum coding.

  10. Bayesian Degree-Corrected Stochastic Block Models for Community Detection

    CERN Document Server

    Peng, Lijun

    2013-01-01

    Community detection in networks has drawn much attention in diverse fields, especially social sciences. Given its significance, there has been a large body of literature among which many are not statistically based. In this paper, we propose a novel stochastic blockmodel based on a logistic regression setup with node correction terms to better address this problem. We follow a Bayesian approach that explicitly captures the community behavior via prior specification. We then adopt a data augmentation strategy with latent Polya-Gamma variables to obtain posterior samples. We conduct inference based on a canonically mapped centroid estimator that formally addresses label non-identifiability. We demonstrate the novel proposed model and estimation on real-world as well as simulated benchmark networks and show that the proposed model and estimator are more flexible, representative, and yield smaller error rates when compared to the MAP estimator from classical degree-corrected stochastic blockmodels.

  11. A community college model to support nursing workforce diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colville, Janet; Cottom, Sherry; Robinette, Teresa; Wald, Holly; Waters, Tomi

    2015-02-01

    Community College of Allegheny County (CCAC), Allegheny Campus, is situated on the North Side of Pittsburgh. The neighborhood is 60% African American. At the time of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) application, approximately one third of the students admitted to the program were African American, less than one third of whom successfully completed it. With the aid of HRSA funding, CCAC developed a model that significantly improved the success rate of disadvantaged students. Through the formation of a viable cohort, the nursing faculty nurtured success among the most at-risk students. The cohort was supported by a social worker, case managers who were nursing faculty, and tutors. Students formed study groups, actively participated in community activities, and developed leadership skills through participation in the Student Nurse Association of Pennsylvania. This article provides the rationale for the Registered Nurse (RN) Achievement Model, describes the components of RN Achievement, and discusses the outcomes of the initiative.

  12. Modeling Risk Perception in Networks with Community Structure

    CERN Document Server

    Bagnoli, Franco; Guazzini, Andrea; Massaro, Emanuele; Rudolph, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    We study the influence of global, local and community-level risk perception on the extinction probability of a disease in several models of social networks. In particular, we study the infection progression as a susceptible-infected-susceptible (SIS) model on several modular networks, formed by a certain number of random and scale-free communities. We find that in the scale-free networks the progression is faster than in random ones with the same average connectivity degree. For what concerns the role of perception, we find that the knowledge of the infection level in one's own neighborhood is the most effective property in stopping the spreading of a disease, but at the same time the more expensive one in terms of the quantity of required information, thus the cost/effectiveness optimum is a tradeoff between several parameters.

  13. Local resolution-limit-free Potts model for community detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronhovde, Peter; Nussinov, Zohar

    2010-04-01

    We report on an exceptionally accurate spin-glass-type Potts model for community detection. With a simple algorithm, we find that our approach is at least as accurate as the best currently available algorithms and robust to the effects of noise. It is also competitive with the best currently available algorithms in terms of speed and size of solvable systems. We find that the computational demand often exhibits superlinear scaling O(L1.3) where L is the number of edges in the system, and we have applied the algorithm to synthetic systems as large as 40 x 10(6) nodes and over 1 x 10(9) edges. A previous stumbling block encountered by popular community detection methods is the so-called "resolution limit." Being a "local" measure of community structure, our Potts model is free from this resolution-limit effect, and it further remains a local measure on weighted and directed graphs. We also address the mitigation of resolution-limit effects for two other popular Potts models.

  14. Quality of Community Life among Rural Residents: An Integrated Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auh, Seongyeon; Cook, Christine C.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to explore the relationships among housing satisfaction, community attachment and community satisfaction and the complex mechanisms involved in predicting community satisfaction among residents in rural communities. The role of housing satisfaction and community attachment in predicting community satisfaction was…

  15. Measuring and Modeling Bipartite Graphs with Community Structure

    CERN Document Server

    Aksoy, Sinan; Pinar, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Network science is a powerful tool for analyzing complex systems in fields ranging from sociology to engineering to biology. This paper is focused on generative models of bipartite graphs, also known as two-way graphs. We propose two generative models that can be easily tuned to reproduce the characteristics of real-world networks, not just qualitatively, but quantitatively. The measurements we consider are the degree distributions and the bipartite clustering coefficient, which we refer to as the metamorphosis coefficient. We define edge, node, and degreewise metamorphosis coefficients, enabling a more detailed understand of the bipartite community structure. Our proposed bipartite Chung-Lu model is able to reproduce real-world degree distributions, and our proposed bipartite "BTER" model reproduces both the degree distributions as well as the degreewise metamorphosis coefficients. We demonstrate the effectiveness of these models on several real-world data sets.

  16. KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN KINERJA GURU (STUDI MULTI KASUS DI PAUD ISLAM SABILILLAH DAN SDN TANJUNGSARI 1 KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Ramadoni

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to: (1 describe the leadership style of the principal in improving teacher performance; (2 describe the role of the school principal; (3 describe the factor endowments and a barrier in improving the performance of teachers; and (4 describe the effort completed the obstacle in improving the performance of the teacher in PAUD Islam Sabilillah and SDN 1 Tanjungsari District of Sidoarjo. This research uses descriptive qualitative approach with multi- case study design. The data in this research was obtained through in-depth interviews, observation, and study the documentation. Data analysis is divided into two stages, namely the individual data analysis and data analysis of cross cases. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mendeskripsikan gaya kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru; (2 mendeskripsikan peran kepala sekolah; (3 mendeskripsikan faktor pendukung dan penghambat dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru; dan (4 mendeskripsikan usaha menyelesaikan hambatan dalam meningkatkan kinerja guru di PAUD Islam Sabilillah dan SDN Tanjungsari 1 Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif dengan rancangan studi multi kasus. Data dalam penelitian ini diperoleh melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi, dan studi dokumentasi. Analisis data dibagi dalam dua tahap, yakni analisis data individu dan analisis data lintas kasus.

  17. Models and applications for space weather forecasting and analysis at the Community Coordinated Modeling Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuznetsova, Maria

    The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC, http://ccmc.gsfc.nasa.gov) was established at the dawn of the new millennium as a long-term flexible solution to the problem of transition of progress in space environment modeling to operational space weather forecasting. CCMC hosts an expanding collection of state-of-the-art space weather models developed by the international space science community. Over the years the CCMC acquired the unique experience in preparing complex models and model chains for operational environment and developing and maintaining custom displays and powerful web-based systems and tools ready to be used by researchers, space weather service providers and decision makers. In support of space weather needs of NASA users CCMC is developing highly-tailored applications and services that target specific orbits or locations in space and partnering with NASA mission specialists on linking CCMC space environment modeling with impacts on biological and technological systems in space. Confidence assessment of model predictions is an essential element of space environment modeling. CCMC facilitates interaction between model owners and users in defining physical parameters and metrics formats relevant to specific applications and leads community efforts to quantify models ability to simulate and predict space environment events. Interactive on-line model validation systems developed at CCMC make validation a seamless part of model development circle. The talk will showcase innovative solutions for space weather research, validation, anomaly analysis and forecasting and review on-going community-wide model validation initiatives enabled by CCMC applications.

  18. Organizational analysis of three community support program models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinke, B; Greenley, J R

    1986-06-01

    Little attention has been paid to the organizational and administrative characteristics of effective community support programs for the chronic mentally ill. The authors analyzed three successful support programs in Wisconsin that employ three different models of service delivery: one provides services through caseworkers who carry specialized caseloads, another through local nonprofessionals who work with a centrally located program coordinator, and the third through a team of various mental health workers. Each program has tailored its organizational process to suit the types of clients it sees, the size of its catchment area, and the availability of other professional resources. The interrelated strengths and weaknesses of each model are discussed.

  19. Advances in Global Magnetosphere Modeling at the Community Coordinated Modeling Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuznetsova, Maria

    2016-07-01

    The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) hosts a set of state-of-the-art global magnetosphere models that are capable to reproduce a broad range of physical phenomena in Earth's magnetosphere. We will discuss successes and challenges in global magnetosphere modeling and the role of non-MHD effects on global dynamics.

  20. Structure of the scientific community modelling the evolution of resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-05

    Faced with the recurrent evolution of resistance to pesticides and drugs, the scientific community has developed theoretical models aimed at identifying the main factors of this evolution and predicting the efficiency of resistance management strategies. The evolutionary forces considered by these models are generally similar for viruses, bacteria, fungi, plants or arthropods facing drugs or pesticides, so interaction between scientists working on different biological organisms would be expected. We tested this by analysing co-authorship and co-citation networks using a database of 187 articles published from 1977 to 2006 concerning models of resistance evolution to all major classes of pesticides and drugs. These analyses identified two main groups. One group, led by ecologists or agronomists, is interested in agricultural crop or stock pests and diseases. It mainly uses a population genetics approach to model the evolution of resistance to insecticidal proteins, insecticides, herbicides, antihelminthic drugs and miticides. By contrast, the other group, led by medical scientists, is interested in human parasites and mostly uses epidemiological models to study the evolution of resistance to antibiotic and antiviral drugs. Our analyses suggested that there is also a small scientific group focusing on resistance to antimalaria drugs, and which is only poorly connected with the two larger groups. The analysis of cited references indicates that each of the two large communities publishes its research in a different set of literature and has its own keystone references: citations with a large impact in one group are almost never cited by the other. We fear the lack of exchange between the two communities might slow progress concerning resistance evolution which is currently a major issue for society.

  1. The Healthy Aging Research Network: Modeling Collaboration for Community Impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belza, Basia; Altpeter, Mary; Smith, Matthew Lee; Ory, Marcia G

    2017-03-01

    As the first Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Prevention Research Centers Program thematic network, the Healthy Aging Research Network was established to better understand the determinants of healthy aging within older adult populations, identify interventions that promote healthy aging, and assist in translating research into sustainable community-based programs throughout the nation. To achieve these goals requires concerted efforts of a collaborative network of academic, community, and public health organizational partnerships. For the 2001-2014 Prevention Research Center funding cycles, the Healthy Aging Research Network conducted prevention research and promoted the wide use of practices known to foster optimal health. Organized around components necessary for successful collaborations (i.e., governance and infrastructure, shaping focus, community involvement, and evaluation and improvement), this commentary highlights exemplars that demonstrate the Healthy Aging Research Network's unique contributions to the field. The Healthy Aging Research Network's collaboration provided a means to collectively build capacity for practice and policy, reduce fragmentation and duplication in health promotion and aging research efforts, maximize the efficient use of existing resources and generate additional resources, and ultimately, create synergies for advancing the healthy aging agenda. This collaborative model was built upon a backbone organization (coordinating center); setting of common agendas and mutually reinforcing activities; and continuous communications. Given its successes, the Healthy Aging Research Network model could be used to create new and evaluate existing thematic networks to guide the translation of research into policy and practice.

  2. Modelling opinion formation driven communities in social networks

    CERN Document Server

    Iñiguez, Gerardo; Kertész, János; Kaski, Kimmo K

    2010-01-01

    In a previous paper we proposed a model to study the dynamics of opinion formation in human societies by a co-evolution process involving two distinct time scales of fast transaction and slower network evolution dynamics. In the transaction dynamics we take into account short range interactions as discussions between individuals and long range interactions to describe the attitude to the overall mood of society. The latter is handled by a uniformly distributed parameter $\\alpha$, assigned randomly to each individual, as quenched personal bias. The network evolution dynamics is realized by rewiring the societal network due to state variable changes as a result of transaction dynamics. The main consequence of this complex dynamics is that communities emerge in the social network for a range of values in the ratio between time scales. In this paper we focus our attention on the attitude parameter $\\alpha$ and its influence on the conformation of opinion and the size of the resulting communities. We present numer...

  3. Capacity-Related Innovations Resulting from the Implementation of a Community Collaboration Model for School Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Lawson, Hal A.; Iachini, Aidyn; Bean, Gerald; Flaspohler, Paul D.; Zullig, Keith

    2010-01-01

    A new genus of district and school improvement models entails partnerships with other organizations and new working relationships with families, community leaders, and youths. The Ohio Community Collaboration Model for School Improvement (OCCMSI) is one such model. It enables partners to leverage family and community resources for learning,…

  4. A Logic Model for Community Engagement within the CTSA Consortium: Can We Measure What We Model?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eder, Milton Mickey; Carter-Edwards, Lori; Hurd, Thelma C.; Rumala, Bernice B.; Wallerstein, Nina

    2013-01-01

    The Clinical Translation Science Award (CTSA) initiative calls upon academic health centers to engage communities around a clinical research relationship measured ultimately in terms of public health. Among a few initiatives involving university accountability for advancing public interests, a small CTSA workgroup devised a community engagement (CE) logic model that organizes common activities within a university-community infrastructure to facilitate community engagement in research. While the model focuses on the range of institutional CE inputs, it purposefully does not include an approach for assessing how community engagement influences research implementation and outcomes. Rather, with communities and individuals beginning to transition into new research roles, this article emphasizes studying community engagement through specific relationship types and assessing how expanded research teams contribute to the full spectrum of translational science. The authors propose a typology consisting of three relationship types—engagement, collaboration and shared leadership—to provide a foundation for investigating community–academic contributions to the new CTSA research paradigm. The typology shifts attention from specific community–academic activities and, instead, encourages analyses focused on measuring the strength of relationships through variables like synergy and trust. The collaborative study of CE relationships will inform an understanding of CTSA infrastructure development in support of translational research and its goal, which is expressed in the logic model: better science, better answers, better population health. PMID:23752038

  5. PENGARUH KETERAMPILAN MENGELOLA KELAS DAN GAYA MENGAJAR GURU TERHADAP KEAKTIFAN BELAJAR SISWA KELAS VII MATA PELAJARAN IPS TERPADU DI SMP NEGERI SE-KECAMATAN WEDUNG KABUPATEN DEMAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifanah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas, dan gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri se-Kecamatan Wedung. Dalam penelitian ini populasi yang digunakan adalah seluruh siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri se-Kecamatan Wedung yang berjumlah 296 siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel yang berjumlah 81 sampel. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan proportional random sampling. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah variabel bebas yaitu keterampilan mengelola kelas (XI, gaya mengajar guru (X2, dan keaktifan belajar siswa (Y sebagai variabel terikat. Metode pengumpulan data: dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis yaitu analisi deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian diperoleh persamaan regresi Y = 1,873+ 0,260 X1 + 0,670 X2. Secara deskriptif penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keterampilan mengelola kelas, dan gaya mengajar guru adalah baik. Pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 84,5%, gaya mengajar guru terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 92,8%, pengarunya positif dan signifikan. Sedangkan pengaruh keterampilan mengelola kelas dan gaya mengajar guru secara bersama berpengaruh terhadap keaktifan belajar siswa sebesar 89,7% dan sisanya sebesar 10,3% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diteliti. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of classroom management skills, and the teaching style of teachers to students of class VII activity of SMP Wedung throughout the District. In this study population used is the entire Junior High School seventh grade students throughout the District Wedung totaling 296 students. This study used a sample of 81 samples. Sampling technique using proportional random sampling. The variable in this study is the independent variable classroom management skills (XI, the teacher's teaching style (X2, and the activity of student learning (Y as the dependent variable. Methods of data collection: documentation and

  6. A Practitioners’ Perspective on Developmental Models, Metrics and Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chad Stewart

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article builds on a paper by Stein and Heikkinen (2009, and suggestsways to expand and improve our measurement of the quality of the developmentalmodels, metrics and instruments and the results we get in collaborating with clients. Wesuggest that this dialogue needs to be about more than stage development measured by(even calibrated stage development-focused, linguistic-based, developmental psychologymetrics that produce lead indicators and are shown to be reliable and valid bypsychometric qualities alone. The article first provides a brief overview of ourbackground and biases, and an applied version of Ken Wilber’s Integral OperatingSystem that has provided increased development, client satisfaction, and contribution toour communities measured by verifiable, tangible results (as well as intangible resultssuch as increased ability to cope with complex surroundings, reduced stress and growthin developmental stages to better fit to the environment in which our clients wereengaged at that time. It then addresses four key points raised by Stein and Heikkinen(need for quality control, defining and deciding on appropriate metrics, building a systemto evaluate models and metrics, and clarifying and increasing the reliability and validityof the models and metrics we use by providing initial concrete steps to:• Adopt a systemic value-chain approach• Measure results in addition to language• Build on the evaluation system for instruments, models and metrics suggested byStein & Heikkinen• Clarify and improve the reliability and validity of the instruments, models andmetrics we useWe complete the article with an echoing call for the community of AppliedDevelopmental Theory suggested by Ross (2008 and Stein and Heikkinen, a briefdescription of that community (from our perspective, and a table that builds on Table 2proposed by Stein and Heikkinen.

  7. Assessing community perspectives of the community based education and service model at Makerere University, Uganda: a qualitative evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mbalinda, Scovia N; Plover, Colin M; Burnham, Gilbert; Kaye, Dan; Mwanika, Andrew; Oria, Hussein; Okullo, Isaac; Muhwezi, Wilson; Groves, Sara

    2011-03-09

    Community partnerships are defined as groups working together with shared goals, responsibilities, and power to improve the community. There is growing evidence that these partnerships contribute to the success and sustainability of community-based education and service programs (COBES), facilitating change in community actions and attitudes. Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) is forging itself as a transformational institution in Uganda and the region. The College is motivated to improve the health of Ugandans through innovative responsive teaching, provision of service, and community partnerships. Evaluating the COBES program from the community perspective can assist the College in refining an innovative and useful model that has potential to improve the health of Ugandans. A stratified random sample of 11 COBES sites was selected to examine the community's perception of the program. Key Informant Interviews of 11 site tutors and 33 community members were completed. The data was manually analyzed and themes developed. Communities stated the students consistently engaged with them with culturally appropriate behaviour. They rated the student's communication as very good even though translators were frequently needed. Half the community stated they received some feedback from the students, but some communities interpreted any contact after the initial visit as feedback. Communities confirmed and appreciated that the students provided a number of interventions and saw positive changes in health and health seeking behaviours. The community reflected that some programs were more sustainable than others; the projects that needed money to implement were least sustainable. The major challenges from the community included community fatigue, and poor motivation of community leaders to continue to take students without compensation. Communities hosting Makerere students valued the students' interventions and the COBES model. They reported witnessing

  8. Space ecoliteracy- five informal education models for community empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkataramaiah, Jagannatha; Jagannath, Sahana; J, Spandana; J, Sadhana; Jagannath, Shobha

    Space ecoliteracy is a historical necessity and vital aspect of space age.Space Situational Awareness has taught lessons for mankind to look inward while stretching beyond cradle in human endeavours. Quality of life for every one on the only home of mankind-TERRA shall be a feasibility only after realizing Space ecoliteracy amongst all stakeholders in space quest. Objectives of Informal Environmental Education(UNESCO/UNEP/IEEP,1977) mandates awareness, attitude, knowledge, skill and participation at Individual and Community domains. Application of Space Technology at both Telecommunications and Remote Sensing domain have started making the fact that mankind has a challenge to learn and affirm earthmanship. Community empowerment focus after Earth Summit 1992 mandate of Sustainable Development has demonstrated a deluge of best practices in Agriculture,Urban, Industries and service sectors all over the globe. Further, deployment of Space technologies have proved the immense potential only after pre-empting the participatory approach at individual and community levels.Indian Space Programme with its 44th year of space service to national development has demonstrated self reliance in space technology for human development. Space technology for the most underdeveloped is a success story both in communication and information tools for quality of life. In this presentation Five Space Ecoliteracy models designed and validated since 1985 till date on informal environmental education namely 1) Ecological Environmental Studies by Students-EESS (1988): cited as one of the 20 best eco -education models by Earth Day Network,2)Community Eco Literacy Campaign-CEL,(2000): cited as a partner under Clean Up the World Campaign,UN, 3) Space Eco Literacy(2011)-an informa 8 week space eco literacy training reported at 39th COSPAR 12 assembly and 4) Space Eco Literacy by Practice(2014)- interface with formal education at institutions and 5) Space Ecoliteracy Mission as a space out reach in

  9. Integrated community-based dementia care: the Geriant model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludo Glimmerveen

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article gives an in-depth description of the service delivery model of Geriant, a Dutch organization providing community-based care services for people suffering from dementia. Core to its model is the provision of clinical case management, embedded in multidisciplinary dementia care teams. As Geriant's client group includes people from the first presumption of dementia until they can no longer live at home, its care model provides valuable lessons about how different mechanisms of integration are flexibly put to use if the complexity of clients” care needs increases. It showcases how the integration of services for a specific sub-population is combined with alignment of these services with generalist network partners. After a detailed description of the programme and its results, this article builds on the work of Walter Leutz for a conceptual discussion of Geriant's approach to care integration. 

  10. Assessing community perspectives of the community based education and service model at Makerere University, Uganda: a qualitative evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okullo Isaac

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Community partnerships are defined as groups working together with shared goals, responsibilities, and power to improve the community. There is growing evidence that these partnerships contribute to the success and sustainability of community-based education and service programs (COBES, facilitating change in community actions and attitudes. Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS is forging itself as a transformational institution in Uganda and the region. The College is motivated to improve the health of Ugandans through innovative responsive teaching, provision of service, and community partnerships. Evaluating the COBES program from the community perspective can assist the College in refining an innovative and useful model that has potential to improve the health of Ugandans. Methods A stratified random sample of 11 COBES sites was selected to examine the community’s perception of the program. Key Informant Interviews of 11 site tutors and 33 community members were completed. The data was manually analyzed and themes developed. Results Communities stated the students consistently engaged with them with culturally appropriate behaviour. They rated the student’s communication as very good even though translators were frequently needed. Half the community stated they received some feedback from the students, but some communities interpreted any contact after the initial visit as feedback. Communities confirmed and appreciated that the students provided a number of interventions and saw positive changes in health and health seeking behaviours. The community reflected that some programs were more sustainable than others; the projects that needed money to implement were least sustainable. The major challenges from the community included community fatigue, and poor motivation of community leaders to continue to take students without compensation. Conclusions Communities hosting Makerere students valued the

  11. Model-based clustering in networks with Stochastic Community Finding

    CERN Document Server

    McDaid, Aaron F; Friel, Nial; Hurley, Neil J

    2012-01-01

    In the model-based clustering of networks, blockmodelling may be used to identify roles in the network. We identify a special case of the Stochastic Block Model (SBM) where we constrain the cluster-cluster interactions such that the density inside the clusters of nodes is expected to be greater than the density between clusters. This corresponds to the intuition behind community-finding methods, where nodes tend to clustered together if they link to each other. We call this model Stochastic Community Finding (SCF) and present an efficient MCMC algorithm which can cluster the nodes, given the network. The algorithm is evaluated on synthetic data and is applied to a social network of interactions at a karate club and at a monastery, demonstrating how the SCF finds the 'ground truth' clustering where sometimes the SBM does not. The SCF is only one possible form of constraint or specialization that may be applied to the SBM. In a more supervised context, it may be appropriate to use other specializations to guide...

  12. Community monitoring for youth violence surveillance: testing a prediction model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, David B; Dymnicki, Allison; Kane, Candice; Quintana, Elena; Cartland, Jenifer; Bromann, Kimberly; Bhatia, Shaun; Wisnieski, Elise

    2014-08-01

    Predictive epidemiology is an embryonic field that involves developing informative signatures for disorder and tracking them using surveillance methods. Through such efforts assistance can be provided to the planning and implementation of preventive interventions. Believing that certain minor crimes indicative of gang activity are informative signatures for the emergence of serious youth violence in communities, in this study we aim to predict outbreaks of violence in neighborhoods from pre-existing levels and changes in reports of minor offenses. We develop a prediction equation that uses publicly available neighborhood-level data on disorderly conduct, vandalism, and weapons violations to predict neighborhoods likely to have increases in serious violent crime. Data for this study were taken from the Chicago Police Department ClearMap reporting system, which provided data on index and non-index crimes for each of the 844 Chicago census tracts. Data were available in three month segments for a single year (fall 2009, winter, spring, and summer 2010). Predicted change in aggravated battery and overall violent crime correlated significantly with actual change. The model was evaluated by comparing alternative models using randomly selected training and test samples, producing favorable results with reference to overfitting, seasonal variation, and spatial autocorrelation. A prediction equation based on winter and spring levels of the predictors had area under the curve ranging from .65 to .71 for aggravated battery, and .58 to .69 for overall violent crime. We discuss future development of such a model and its potential usefulness in violence prevention and community policing.

  13. A participatory evaluation model for Healthier Communities: developing indicators for New Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallerstein, N

    2000-01-01

    Participatory evaluation models that invite community coalitions to take an active role in developing evaluations of their programs are a natural fit with Healthy Communities initiatives. The author describes the development of a participatory evaluation model for New Mexico's Healthier Communities program. She describes evaluation principles, research questions, and baseline findings. The evaluation model shows the links between process, community-level system impacts, and population health changes.

  14. Modeling adaptation of carbon use efficiency in microbial communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven D Allison

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In new microbial-biogeochemical models, microbial carbon use efficiency (CUE is often assumed to decline with increasing temperature. Under this assumption, soil carbon losses under warming are small because microbial biomass declines. Yet there is also empirical evidence that CUE may adapt (i.e. become less sensitive to warming, thereby mitigating negative effects on microbial biomass. To analyze potential mechanisms of CUE adaptation, I used two theoretical models to implement a tradeoff between microbial uptake rate and CUE. This rate-yield tradeoff is based on thermodynamic principles and suggests that microbes with greater investment in resource acquisition should have lower CUE. Microbial communities or individuals could adapt to warming by reducing investment in enzymes and uptake machinery. Consistent with this idea, a simple analytical model predicted that adaptation can offset 50% of the warming-induced decline in CUE. To assess the ecosystem implications of the rate-yield tradeoff, I quantified CUE adaptation in a spatially-structured simulation model with 100 microbial taxa and 12 soil carbon substrates. This model predicted much lower CUE adaptation, likely due to additional physiological and ecological constraints on microbes. In particular, specific resource acquisition traits are needed to maintain stoichiometric balance, and taxa with high CUE and low enzyme investment rely on low-yield, high-enzyme neighbors to catalyze substrate degradation. In contrast to published microbial models, simulations with greater CUE adaptation also showed greater carbon storage under warming. This pattern occurred because microbial communities with stronger CUE adaptation produced fewer degradative enzymes, despite increases in biomass. Thus the rate-yield tradeoff prevents CUE adaptation from driving ecosystem carbon loss under climate warming.

  15. Confronting different models of community structure to species-abundance data: a Bayesian model comparison

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Etienne, R.S.; Olff, H.

    2005-01-01

    Species abundances are undoubtedly the most widely available macroecological data, but can we use them to distinguish among several models of community structure? Here we present a Bayesian analysis of species-abundance data that yields a full joint probability distribution of each model's

  16. Confronting different models of community structure to species-abundance data : a Bayesian model comparison

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Etienne, RS; Olff, H

    Species abundances are undoubtedly the most widely available macroecological data, but can we use them to distinguish among several models of community structure? Here we present a Bayesian analysis of species-abundance data that yields a full joint probability distribution of each model's

  17. Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Guru dengan Motivasi Karir Sebagai Variabel Moderasi dan Kepuasan Karir Sebagai Variabel Mediasi pada YP IPPI [Effect of Job Satisfaction on Teacher Performance with Career Motivation as a Moderating Variable and Career Satisfaction as a Mediating Variable at the YP IPPI – Education Foundation/Indonesian Educational Development Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdy Ardiansyah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh kepuasan kerja terhadap kinerja guru dengan motivasi karir sebagai variabel moderasi dan kepuasan karir sebagai variabel mediasi pada YP IPPI, Disamping itu, penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh variabel moderasi motivasi karir dan variabel mediasi pada hubungan antara kepuasan kerja dan kinerja. Penelitian ini menyebarkan kuesioner kepada 74 guru dari total 208 guru di YP IPPI di Jakarta dan dilakukan dengan random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepuasan kerja berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja dengan dimediasi oleh kepuasan karir dan di moderasi oleh motivasi karir, namun temuan yang unik variabel moderasi motivasi karir memberikan dukungan pengaruh yang negatif pada guru-guru di sekolah tersebut.

  18. Damage Mechanics in the Community Ice Sheet Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitcomb, R.; Cathles, L. M. M., IV; Bassis, J. N.; Lipscomb, W. H.; Price, S. F.

    2016-12-01

    Half of the mass that floating ice shelves lose to the ocean comes from iceberg calving, which is a difficult process to simulate accurately. This is especially true in the large-scale ice dynamics models that couple changes in the cryosphere to climate projections. Damage mechanics provide a powerful technique with the potential to overcome this obstacle by describing how fractures in ice evolve over time. Here, we demonstrate the application of a damage model to ice shelves that predicts realistic geometries. We incorporated this solver into the Community Ice Sheet Model, a three dimensional ice sheet model developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The damage mechanics formulation that we use comes from a first principles-based evolution law for the depth of basal and surface crevasses and depends on the large scale strain rate, stress state, and basal melt. We show that under idealized conditions it produces ice tongue lengths that match well with observations for a selection of natural ice tongues, including Erebus, Drygalski, and Pine Island in Antarctica, as well as Petermann in Greenland. We also apply the model to more generalized ideal ice shelf geometries and show that it produces realistic calving front positions. Although our results are preliminary, the damage mechanics model that we developed provides a promising first principles method for predicting ice shelf extent and how the calving margins of ice shelves respond to climate change.

  19. Modelling community, family, and individual determinants of childhood dental caries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duijster, Denise; van Loveren, Cor; Dusseldorp, Elise; Verrips, Gijsbert H W

    2014-04-01

    This cross-sectional study empirically tested a theoretical model of pathways and inter-relationships among community, family, and individual determinants of childhood dental caries in a sample of 630, 6-year-old children from the Netherlands. Children's decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) scores were extracted from dental records. A validated parental questionnaire was used to collect data on sociodemographic characteristics, psychosocial factors, and oral hygiene behaviours. Data on neighbourhood quality were obtained from the Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics. Structural equation modelling indicated that the model was valid after applying a few modifications. In the revised model, lower maternal education level was related to poorer family organization, lower levels of social support, lower dental self-efficacy, and an external dental health locus of control. These, in turn, were associated with poorer oral hygiene behaviours, which were linked to higher levels of childhood dental caries. In addition, lower maternal education level and poorer neighbourhood quality were directly associated with higher caries levels in children. This model advances our understanding of determinants of childhood dental caries and the pathways in which they operate. Conception of these pathways is essential for guiding the development of caries-preventive programmes for children. Clues for further development of the model are suggested.

  20. Striving for Authentic Community Engagement: A Process Model from Urban Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noel, Jana

    2011-01-01

    This article presents an urban teacher education center as a process model of how a university can cultivate authentic community engagement. Tree essential steps of the process model are identified: (1) being physically located at the school or community site in order to build trust and become integrated into the life of the school or community,…

  1. Seeing the forest and the trees: multilevel models reveal both species and community patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelle M. Jackson; Monica G. Turner; Scott M. Pearson; Anthony R. Ives

    2012-01-01

    Studies designed to understand species distributions and community assemblages typically use separate analytical approaches (e.g., logistic regression and ordination) to model the distribution of individual species and to relate community composition to environmental variation. Multilevel models (MLMs) offer a promising strategy for integrating species and community-...

  2. Community media research : a quest for theoretically-grounded models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jankowski, N.W.

    2003-01-01

    This article provides a panoramic sketch of the characteristics of community media and focuses on three forms: community television, community radio and community networks. The author contends, after a review of research conducted around these media, that much of this work has contributed little to

  3. Community-wide model validation studies for systematic assessment of ionosphere-thermosphere models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Ja Soon; Kuznetsova, Maria; Rastätter, Lutz

    2016-07-01

    As an unbiased agent, the Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) has been leading community-wide model validation efforts; GEM, CEDAR and GEM-CEDAR Modeling Challenges since 2009. The CEDAR ETI (Electrodynamics Thermosphere Ionosphere) Challenge focused on the ability of ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) models to reproduce basic IT system parameters, such as electron and neutral densities, NmF2, hmF2, and Total Electron Content (TEC). Model-data time series comparisons were performed for a set of selected events with different levels of geomagnetic activity (quiet, moderate, storms). The follow-on CEDAR-GEM Challenge aims to quantify geomagnetic storm impacts on the IT system. On-going studies include quantifying the storm energy input, such as increase in auroral precipitation and Joule heating, and quantifying the storm-time variations of neutral density and TEC. In this paper, we will present lessons learned from the Modeling Challenges led by the CCMC.

  4. The Global Rise of the U.S. Community College Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase-Mayoral, Audree M.

    2017-01-01

    This chapter explores the theoretical and conceptual history of the global rise of the U.S. community college model, focusing on the common missing ingredient that remains elusive among the increasing numbers of these community-based institutions.

  5. Bayesian Calibration of the Community Land Model using Surrogates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ray, Jaideep; Hou, Zhangshuan; Huang, Maoyi; Sargsyan, K.; Swiler, Laura P.

    2015-01-01

    We present results from the Bayesian calibration of hydrological parameters of the Community Land Model (CLM), which is often used in climate simulations and Earth system models. A statistical inverse problem is formulated for three hydrological parameters, conditioned on observations of latent heat surface fluxes over 48 months. Our calibration method uses polynomial and Gaussian process surrogates of the CLM, and solves the parameter estimation problem using a Markov chain Monte Carlo sampler. Posterior probability densities for the parameters are developed for two sites with different soil and vegetation covers. Our method also allows us to examine the structural error in CLM under two error models. We find that accurate surrogate models can be created for CLM in most cases. The posterior distributions lead to better prediction than the default parameter values in CLM. Climatologically averaging the observations does not modify the parameters’ distributions significantly. The structural error model reveals a correlation time-scale which can potentially be used to identify physical processes that could be contributing to it. While the calibrated CLM has a higher predictive skill, the calibration is under-dispersive.

  6. Bayesian calibration of the Community Land Model using surrogates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ray, Jaideep; Hou, Zhangshuan; Huang, Maoyi; Swiler, Laura Painton

    2014-02-01

    We present results from the Bayesian calibration of hydrological parameters of the Community Land Model (CLM), which is often used in climate simulations and Earth system models. A statistical inverse problem is formulated for three hydrological parameters, conditional on observations of latent heat surface fluxes over 48 months. Our calibration method uses polynomial and Gaussian process surrogates of the CLM, and solves the parameter estimation problem using a Markov chain Monte Carlo sampler. Posterior probability densities for the parameters are developed for two sites with different soil and vegetation covers. Our method also allows us to examine the structural error in CLM under two error models. We find that surrogate models can be created for CLM in most cases. The posterior distributions are more predictive than the default parameter values in CLM. Climatologically averaging the observations does not modify the parameters' distributions significantly. The structural error model reveals a correlation time-scale which can be used to identify the physical process that could be contributing to it. While the calibrated CLM has a higher predictive skill, the calibration is under-dispersive.

  7. Using Runoff Data to Calibrate the Community Land Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, J.; Hou, Z.; Huang, M.; Swiler, L.

    2014-12-01

    We present a statistical method for calibrating the Community Land Model (CLM) using streamflow observations collected between 1999 and 2008 at the outlet of two river basins from the Model Parameter Estimation Experiment (MOPEX), Oostanaula River at Resaca GA, and Walnut River at Winfield KS.. The observed streamflow shows variability over a large range of time-scales, none of which significantly dominates the others; consequently, the time-series seems noisy and is difficult to be directly used in model parameter estimation efforts without significant filtering. We perform a multi-resolution wavelet decomposition of the observed streamflow, and use the wavelet power coefficients (WPC) as the tuning data. We construct a mapping (a surrogate model) between WPC and three hydrological parameters of the CLM using a training set of 256 CLM runs. The dependence of WPC on the parameters is complex and cannot be captured using a surrogate unless the parameter combinations yield physically plausible model predictions, i.e., those that are skillful when compared to observations. Retaining only the top quartile of the runs ensures skillfulness, as measured by the RMS error between observations and CLM predictions. This "screening" of the training data yields a region (the "valid" region) in the parameter space where accurate surrogate models can be created. We construct a classifier for the "valid" region, and, in conjunction with the surrogate models for WPC, pose a Bayesian inverse problem for the three hydrological parameters. The inverse problem is solved using an adaptive Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method to construct a three-dimensional posterior distribution for the hydrological parameters. Posterior predictive tests using the surrogate model reveal that the posterior distribution is more predictive than the nominal values of the parameters, which are used as default values in the current version of CLM. The effectiveness of the inversion is then validated by

  8. Monks' Health: Holistic Health Care Model by Community Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Decha Buates

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Monks’ health tended to be a continuous increased problem. They were groups who had limitations to access health services due to their monastic disciplines and their most importance for Buddhist institution. Without urgent solution, their normal way of life would have been affected. Approach: This research aimed to study current conditions and to develop monks’ holistic health care models by community participation in central region of Thailand. The study was a qualitative research conducted in 9 temples; 3 temples in urban area, 3 in semi-urban area and 3 in rural area. Samples were 224 persons; consisted of monks, public health officers from Department of Religious Affairs, local administrative organizations and people; selected by purposive sampling method. Observation form, survey form, interview form, focus group discussion and workshop were used as research tools while data was analyzed by descriptive research. Results: The result founded that in former time culture of monks’ health care was leaned on community, social, culture and tradition. People spoke in style of central Thai language and were in agricultural sector as well as had their belief in merit, sin and elder respect. Relation in communities was in form of generosity and living as similar as relatives. When some monk got sick, they would visit, take care and give foods and medicines. Most of medicines were household remedy and Thai herbal medicine that bought from drug stores in local market or grocery stores in village and monks were sent to hospital in case of severe illness. Temple was a part of community, so they had close relation. Nowadays people increasingly worked in manufactories that caused conflicts and alienations among them. Monks leaned on local markets for receiving foods offering and most of foods were cooked from flour, sugar, coconut milk and fat. These caused three-fourth of monks having chronic disease as diabetes

  9. Re-examining concepts of occupation and occupation-based models: occupational therapy and community development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leclair, Leanne L

    2010-02-01

    A growing body of literature supports the role of occupational therapists in community development. Using a community development approach, occupational therapists respond to community-identified occupational needs. They work to build local resources and capacities and self-sustaining programs that foster change within the community and potentially beyond. The purpose of this paper is to highlight some key issues related to occupational therapy practice in community development. The definitions and classifications of occupation focus primarily on the individual and fail to elaborate on the shared occupations of a community. As well, occupation-based models of practice are not easily applied to occupational therapy practice in community development. In order for occupational therapy to articulate its role in community development, greater heed needs to be given to the definition and categorization of occupation, occupation-based models of practice, and their application to communities.

  10. Multiresolution in CROCO (Coastal and Regional Ocean Community model)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debreu, Laurent; Auclair, Francis; Benshila, Rachid; Capet, Xavier; Dumas, Franck; Julien, Swen; Marchesiello, Patrick

    2016-04-01

    CROCO (Coastal and Regional Ocean Community model [1]) is a new oceanic modeling system built upon ROMS_AGRIF and the non-hydrostatic kernel of SNH, gradually including algorithms from MARS3D (sediments)and HYCOM (vertical coordinates). An important objective of CROCO is to provide the possibility of running truly multiresolution simulations. Our previous work on structured mesh refinement [2] allowed us to run two-way nesting with the following major features: conservation, spatial and temporal refinement, coupling at the barotropic level. In this presentation, we will expose the current developments in CROCO towards multiresolution simulations: connection between neighboring grids at the same level of resolution and load balancing on parallel computers. Results of preliminary experiments will be given both on an idealized test case and on a realistic simulation of the Bay of Biscay with high resolution along the coast. References: [1] : CROCO : http://www.croco-ocean.org [2] : Debreu, L., P. Marchesiello, P. Penven, and G. Cambon, 2012: Two-way nesting in split-explicit ocean models: algorithms, implementation and validation. Ocean Modelling, 49-50, 1-21.

  11. Phase transitions in community detection: A solvable toy model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ver Steeg, Greg; Moore, Cristopher; Galstyan, Aram; Allahverdyan, Armen

    2014-05-01

    Recently, it was shown that there is a phase transition in the community detection problem. This transition was first computed using the cavity method, and has been proved rigorously in the case of q = 2 groups. However, analytic calculations using the cavity method are challenging since they require us to understand probability distributions of messages. We study analogous transitions in the so-called “zero-temperature inference” model, where this distribution is supported only on the most likely messages. Furthermore, whenever several messages are equally likely, we break the tie by choosing among them with equal probability, corresponding to an infinitesimal random external field. While the resulting analysis overestimates the thresholds, it reproduces some of the qualitative features of the system. It predicts a first-order detectability transition whenever q > 2 (as opposed to q > 4 according to the finite-temperature cavity method). It also has a regime analogous to the “hard but detectable” phase, where the community structure can be recovered, but only when the initial messages are sufficiently accurate. Finally, we study a semisupervised setting where we are given the correct labels for a fraction ρ of the nodes. For q > 2, we find a regime where the accuracy jumps discontinuously at a critical value of ρ.

  12. GENOME-BASED MODELING AND DESIGN OF METABOLIC INTERACTIONS IN MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radhakrishnan Mahadevan

    2012-10-01

    With the advent of genome sequencing, omics technologies, bioinformatics and genome-scale modeling, researchers now have unprecedented capabilities to analyze and engineer the metabolism of microbial communities. The goal of this review is to summarize recent applications of genome-scale metabolic modeling to microbial communities. A brief introduction to lumped community models is used to motivate the need for genome-level descriptions of individual species and their metabolic interactions. The review of genome-scale models begins with static modeling approaches, which are appropriate for communities where the extracellular environment can be assumed to be time invariant or slowly varying. Dynamic extensions of the static modeling approach are described, and then applications of genome-scale models for design of synthetic microbial communities are reviewed. The review concludes with a summary of metagenomic tools for analyzing community metabolism and an outlook for future research.

  13. Research on the Model of E-commerce of China’s Urban Informatization Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Han

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Urban informatization e-commerce is a business model of the combination of e-commerce operators and organizational forms of community property management, and the import of people management and property management into e-commerce. This paper analyzes the current situation of Chinese urban community e-commerce and informatization community building. It puts forward the model of community e-commerce based on informatization, and its feasibility was verified by PIECE method. Finally, focusing on the application, the model of community e-commerce based on informatization community is analyzed in detail from the perspective of the role and value, supply chain and collaborative management works. Information services are most likely to succeed in the entry point of e-commerce. The study has shown that the establishment of community e-commerce on the basis of urban informatization community can be regarded as a solution of e-commerce development.

  14. KONTRIBUSI DISIPLIN KERJA, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN PERSEPSI GURU TENTANG GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN KEPALA SEKOLAH TERHADAP UNJUK KERJA GURU SMP NEGERI SSN DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuk Isdiyati

    2015-07-01

    towards teacher performance at SMP N with National Standard School (SSN Semarang, this is indicated with the acquisition probability value <0.05 with the effective contribution counted 17.25% and the classical assumption test results showed that the regression model is not biased or problems of classical assumptions (normality, linearity, and multicollinearity that could otherwise BLUE (Best, Linear, Unbiased, Estimator.

  15. PENGARUH MOTIVASI BELAJAR, PERANAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU, DAN LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR KOMPETENSI DASAR PERBEDAAN EKONOMI MIKRO DAN MAKRO SISWA KELAS X SMA NEGERI 1 SUGIHWARAS BOJONEGORO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evi Diana

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Prestasi belajar siswa dipengaruhi oleh faktor intern dan ekstern. Permasalahan: ada pengaruh motivasi belajar, peranan kompetensi profesional guru dan lingkungan keluarga terhadap prestasi belajar ekonomi mikro dan makro� siswa kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Sugihwaras Bojonegoro baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Populasi ini berjumlah 188 siswa, dengan teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik proportional random sampling dan diperoleh 128 siswa. Hasil uji F dan uji t motivasi belajar signifikansi 0,014 ? ? (0,05, peranan kompetensi profesional guru signifikansi 0,000 ? ? (0,05, lingkungan keluarga signifikansi 0,002 ? ? (0,05, maka Ha diterima. Kesimpulan bahwa ada pengaruh yang positif motivasi belajar, peranan kompetensi profesional guru dan lingkungan keluarga terhadap prestasi belajar ekonomi mikro dan makro siswa kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Sugihwaras Bojonegoro secara simultan maupun parsial. � The students� academic achievement is influenced by some internal and external factors. Is there any effect of study motivation, role of teachers� professional competence and family environment toward academic of micro and macro economics differences of tenth grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Sugihwaras Bojonegoro partially and simultaneously. The population was 188 students, 128 students were chosen as the subjects through proportional random sampling. From F test and T test of study motivation significance 0,014 ? ? (0,05, role of teachers� professional competence significance 0,000 ? ? (0,05, family environmen significance 0,002 ? ? (0,05. Thus, Ha is accepted. According it can be concluded that there is a possitive effect among study motivation, role of teachers� professional competence and family environment toward academic of micro and macro economics differences of tenth grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Sugihwaras Bojonegoro partially and simultaneously.

  16. Giant vesicles "colonies": a model for primitive cell communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrara, Paolo; Stano, Pasquale; Luisi, Pier Luigi

    2012-07-09

    Current research on the origin of life typically focuses on the self-organisation of molecular components in individual cell-like compartments, thereby bringing about the emergence of self-sustaining minimal cells. This is justified by the fact that single cells are the minimal forms of life. No attempts have been made to investigate the cooperative mechanisms that could derive from the assembly of individual compartments. Here we present a novel experimental approach based on vesicles "colonies" as a model of primitive cell communities. Experiments show that several advantages could have favoured primitive cell colonies when compared with isolated primitive cells. In fact there are two novel unexpected features typical of vesicle colonies, namely solute capture and vesicle fusion, which can be seen as the basic physicochemical mechanisms at the origin of life.

  17. The Arkansas AHEC model of community-oriented primary care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartwig, M S; Landis, B J

    1999-07-01

    This article explicates the Arkansas Area Health Education Center (AHEC) model of community-oriented primary care (COPC) and the role of the family nurse practitioner (FNP) in its implementation. The AHECs collaborate with local agencies to provide comprehensive, accessible, quality health care to specific patient populations, and offer learning opportunities to a wide variety of health professions students. The FNP demonstrates organizational and role competencies that include directing patient care, providing professional leadership, and developing the advanced practice nursing role. Two case studies are used to illustrate the FNPs' approach to COPC: (1) selection of interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, and transdisciplinary approaches to management of a patient with chronic illnesses, and (2) the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners Training Project.

  18. Model Youth Programs: A Key Strategy for Developing Community-University Partnerships Using a Community Youth Development Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Anyon

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Universities across the nation face the charge of enhancing their intellectual capital as a learning institution while also contributing to the greater social good. While there is great potential for university-community partnerships to generate lessons for youth workers and policy makers, create powerful new knowledge for the academic field, and provide transformative experiences for community members, partnerships often fail to produce such meaningful results. In the San Francisco Bay Area, community residents who have been involved in such unsuccessful initiatives frequently perceived that university partners spent insufficient time learning about the community context, prioritized research objectives over community needs and did not make long-term commitments. Despite these challenges, community-university partnerships can be useful strategies for advancing the field of youth development by strengthening research and practice in local contexts. This paper presents how the design and implementation of model youth programs served as an effective strategy in developing a partnership between a university-based center and two local communities over a 5-year period. It also describes essential lessons that other communities, research institutions or universities may use to launch, implement, expand and sustain their own successful partnerships to build local capacity to implement youth development practices, promote positive outcomes for young people, and generate knowledge about the impact of youth development approaches.

  19. A Social Network Model Exhibiting Tunable Overlapping Community Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, D.; Blenn, N.; Van Mieghem, P.F.A.

    2012-01-01

    Social networks, as well as many other real-world networks, exhibit overlapping community structure. In this paper, we present formulas which facilitate the computation for characterizing the overlapping community structure of networks. A hypergraph representation of networks with overlapping

  20. PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN SEKOLAH DAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU MELALUI MOTIVASI BELAJAR SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI PADA SISWA KELAS XI IPS SMA NEGERI 11 SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herlinda Destia Ratnasari

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh lingkungan sekolah dan kompetensi profesional guru melalui motivasi belajar siswa terhadap prestasi belajar mata pelajaran ekonomi pada siswa kelas XI IPS SMA Negeri 11 Semarang secara simultan maupun parsial. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kuantitatif. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas XI IPS SMA Negeri 11 Semarang, kemudian diambil sampel sejumlah 127 siswa dengan teknik proposional random sample. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif, analisis regresi berganda, dan analisis jalur. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa lingkungan sekolah berpengaruh terhadap motivasi belajar sebesar 24,6%. Kompetensi profesional berpengaruh motivasi belajar sebesar 16,32%. Motivasi belajar berpengaruh terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 22,65%. Lingkungan sekolah berpengaruh terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 29,26%. Kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 18,32%. Lingkungan sekolah dan kompetensi profesional guru berpengaruh secara bersama-sama terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 31,8%. Ada pengaruh lingkungan sekolah terhadap prestasi belajar melalui motivasi belajar sebesar 59,7%. Ada pengaruh kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar melalui motivasi belajar sebesar 33,7%. This study aims to investigate the influence of the school environment and the professional competence of teachers through students' motivation to learning achievement of economic subjects in class XI Social SMAN 11 Semarang simultaneously or partially. This study includes a quantitative study. The study population was all students in class XI Social SMAN 11 Semarang, then take a sample of 127 students with a proportional random sample technique. Methods of data collection using the documentation and questionnaires. Methods of data analysis using descriptive analysis, regression analysis , and path

  1. Load-balancing algorithms for the parallel community climate model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foster, I.T.; Toonen, B.R.

    1995-01-01

    Implementations of climate models on scalable parallel computer systems can suffer from load imbalances resulting from temporal and spatial variations in the amount of computation required for physical parameterizations such as solar radiation and convective adjustment. We have developed specialized techniques for correcting such imbalances. These techniques are incorporated in a general-purpose, programmable load-balancing library that allows the mapping of computation to processors to be specified as a series of maps generated by a programmer-supplied load-balancing module. The communication required to move from one map to another is performed automatically by the library, without programmer intervention. In this paper, we describe the load-balancing problem and the techniques that we have developed to solve it. We also describe specific load-balancing algorithms that we have developed for PCCM2, a scalable parallel implementation of the Community Climate Model, and present experimental results that demonstrate the effectiveness of these algorithms on parallel computers. The load-balancing library developed in this work is available for use in other climate models.

  2. Family Model of Diabetes Education with a Pacific Islander Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElfish, Pearl Anna; Bridges, Melissa D.; Hudson, Jonell S.; Purvis, Rachel S.; Bursac, Zoran; Kohler, Peter O.; Goulden, Peter A.

    2017-01-01

    Structured Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study is to use a community-based participatory approach to pilot test a family model of diabetes education conducted in participants’ homes with extended family members. Approximately 50% of Marshallese adults have type 2 diabetes, and prior attempts at diabetes education have not been shown effective due in large part to very high attrition. Research Design and Methods The pilot test included six families (27 participants) who took part in a family model of diabetes self-management education (DSME) using an intervention driven pre-test/post-test design with the aim of improving glycemic control as measured by A1C. Questionnaires and additional biometric data were also collected. Researchers systematically documented elements of feasibility using participant observations and research field reports. Results Over three-fourths (78%) of participants were retained in the study. Post-test results indicated a 5% reduction in A1C across all participants and a 7% reduction among those with type 2 diabetes. Feasibility of an in-home model with extended family members was documented, along with observations and recommendation for further DSME adaptations related to blood glucose monitoring, physical activity, nutrition, and medication adherence. Conclusions The information gained from this pilot helps bridge the gap between knowledge of an evidence-based intervention and the actual implementation of the intervention within a unique minority population with especially high rates of type 2 diabetes and significant health disparities. Building on the emerging literature of family models of DSME, this study shows that the family model delivered in the home had high acceptance and that the intervention was more accessible for this hard-to-reach population. PMID:26363041

  3. Development of hybrid 3-D hydrological modeling for the NCAR Community Earth System Model (CESM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeng, Xubin [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Troch, Peter [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Pelletier, Jon [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Niu, Guo-Yue [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Gochis, David [NCAR Research Applications Lab., Boulder, CO (United States)

    2015-11-15

    This is the Final Report of our four-year (3-year plus one-year no cost extension) collaborative project between the University of Arizona (UA) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The overall objective of our project is to develop and evaluate the first hybrid 3-D hydrological model with a horizontal grid spacing of 1 km for the NCAR Community Earth System Model (CESM).

  4. The Model of Tourist Virtual Community Members Engagement Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Stepaniuk

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Building numerous and active virtual tourist communities involved in the tourist brand, connected with product, attraction or travel destination is a significant challenge for a dynamic and competitive tourist market. The main aim of presented pilot study was the drawing up guidelines for development of users engagement of selected virtual tourist communities on the example of Facebook. For that purpose a ranking of the most popular indicators of thematic areas, around which virtual tourist communities are formed was built. Simultaneously a typology of members of virtual tourist communities was presented as well as motives for the participation in communities gathered around the definite subject matter were analysed.

  5. A Donor-Focused Fundraising Model: An Essential Tool in Community College Foundations' Toolkit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Linnie S.

    2011-01-01

    The increased focus on private fundraising poses challenges for community colleges (Jackson & Glass, 2000). A challenge is a lack of fundraising experience within community colleges and their foundations. There now exists a donor-focused fundraising model for community colleges to use to enhance their fundraising initiatives and increase the…

  6. The model of localized business community economic development under limited financial resources: computer model and experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berg Dmitry

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Globalization processes now affect and are affected by most of organizations, different type resources, and the natural environment. One of the main restrictions initiated by these processes is the financial one: money turnover in global markets leads to its concentration in the certain financial centers, and local business communities suffer from the money lack. This work discusses the advantages of complementary currency introduction into a local economics. By the computer simulation with the engineered program model and the real economic experiment it was proved that the complementary currency does not compete with the traditional currency, furthermore, it acts in compliance with it, providing conditions for the sustainable business community development.

  7. Community as Teacher Model: Health Profession Students Learn Cultural Safety from an Aboriginal Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kline, Cathy C.; Godolphin, William J.; Chhina, Gagun S.; Towle, Angela

    2013-01-01

    Communication between health care professionals and Aboriginal patients is complicated by cultural differences and the enduring effects of colonization. Health care providers need better training to meet the needs of Aboriginal patients and communities. We describe the development and outcomes of a community-driven service-learning program in…

  8. Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC): Using innovative tools and services to support worldwide space weather scientific communities and networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza, A. M.; Bakshi, S.; Berrios, D.; Chulaki, A.; Evans, R. M.; Kuznetsova, M. M.; Lee, H.; MacNeice, P. J.; Maddox, M. M.; Mays, M. L.; Mullinix, R. E.; Ngwira, C. M.; Patel, K.; Pulkkinen, A.; Rastaetter, L.; Shim, J.; Taktakishvili, A.; Zheng, Y.

    2012-12-01

    Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) was established to enhance basic solar terrestrial research and to aid in the development of models for specifying and forecasting conditions in the space environment. In achieving this goal, CCMC has developed and provides a set of innovative tools varying from: Integrated Space Weather Analysis (iSWA) web -based dissemination system for space weather information, Runs-On-Request System providing access to unique collection of state-of-the-art solar and space physics models (unmatched anywhere in the world), Advanced Online Visualization and Analysis tools for more accurate interpretation of model results, Standard Data formats for Simulation Data downloads, and recently Mobile apps (iPhone/Android) to view space weather data anywhere to the scientific community. The number of runs requested and the number of resulting scientific publications and presentations from the research community has not only been an indication of the broad scientific usage of the CCMC and effective participation by space scientists and researchers, but also guarantees active collaboration and coordination amongst the space weather research community. Arising from the course of CCMC activities, CCMC also supports community-wide model validation challenges and research focus group projects for a broad range of programs such as the multi-agency National Space Weather Program, NSF's CEDAR (Coupling, Energetics and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions), GEM (Geospace Environment Modeling) and Shine (Solar Heliospheric and INterplanetary Environment) programs. In addition to performing research and model development, CCMC also supports space science education by hosting summer students through local universities; through the provision of simulations in support of classroom programs such as Heliophysics Summer School (with student research contest) and CCMC Workshops; training next generation of junior scientists in space weather forecasting; and educating

  9. Public health program planning logic model for community engaged type 2 diabetes management and prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Joseph F

    2014-02-01

    Diabetes remains a growing epidemic with widening health inequity gaps in disease management, self-management knowledge, access to care and outcomes. Yet there is a paucity of evaluation tools for community engaged interventions aimed at closing the gaps and improving health. The Guide to Community Preventive Services (the Community Guide) developed by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services (the Task Force) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends two healthcare system level interventions, case management interventions and disease management programs, to improve glycemic control. However, as a public health resource guide for diabetes interventions a model for community engagement is a glaringly absent component of the Community Guide recommendations. In large part there are few evidence-based interventions featuring community engagement as a practice and system-level focus of chronic disease and Type 2 diabetes management. The central argument presented in this paper is that the absence of these types of interventions is due to the lack of tools for modeling and evaluating such interventions, especially among disparate and poor populations. A conceptual model emphasizing action-oriented micro-level community engagement is needed to complement the Community Guide and serve as the basis for testing and evaluation of these kinds of interventions. A unique logic model advancing the Community Guide diabetes recommendations toward measureable and sustainable community engagement for improved Type 2 diabetes outcomes is presented. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Ensemble data assimilation in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedatella, N. M.; Raeder, K.; Anderson, J. L.; Liu, H.-L.

    2014-08-01

    We present results pertaining to the assimilation of real lower, middle, and upper atmosphere observations in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) using the Data Assimilation Research Testbed (DART) ensemble adjustment Kalman filter. The ability to assimilate lower atmosphere observations of aircraft and radiosonde temperature and winds, satellite drift winds, and Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate refractivity along with middle/upper atmosphere temperature observations from SABER and Aura MLS is demonstrated. The WACCM+DART data assimilation system is shown to be able to reproduce the salient features, and variability, of the troposphere present in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research Re-Analysis. In the mesosphere, the fit of WACCM+DART to observations is found to be slightly worse when only lower atmosphere observations are assimilated compared to a control experiment that is reflective of the model climatological variability. This differs from previous results which found that assimilation of lower atmosphere observations improves the fit to mesospheric observations. This discrepancy is attributed to the fact that due to the gravity wave drag parameterizations, the model climatology differs significantly from the observations in the mesosphere, and this is not corrected by the assimilation of lower atmosphere observations. The fit of WACCM+DART to mesospheric observations is, however, significantly improved compared to the control experiment when middle/upper atmosphere observations are assimilated. We find that assimilating SABER observations reduces the root-mean-square error and bias of WACCM+DART relative to the independent Aura MLS observations by ˜50%, demonstrating that assimilation of middle/upper atmosphere observations is essential for accurate specification of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere region in WACCM+DART. Last, we demonstrate that

  11. Improved continuity of care in a community teaching hospital model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittal, V; David, W; Young, S; McKendrick, A; Gentile, T; Casalou, R

    1999-05-01

    We created an ambulatory resident clinic in a community teaching hospital to improve the continuity of care in a surgery residency program. A retrospective chart review analysis. A community hospital, general surgery residency training program, and its ambulatory practice. Providence Hospital, Southfield, Mich, has established a new model, the Surgical Associates of Michigan, which is an association comprising private practice physicians serving as full-time faculty in the Department of Surgery. In addition to clarification of teaching requirements and reimbursement for educational activities, the most dramatic feature is the relocation of private practice offices and the staff surgical office to one central location within the hospital. The proximity of the staff and private surgical offices facilitates closer interaction of attending physicians, residents, and patients. Compliance rates of continuity of patient care provided by the same resident, as presented by the Surgery Residency Review Committee, including confirmation of diagnosis, provision of preoperative care, discussion with attending physician, selection and provision of intervention, direction of postoperative care, and postdischarge follow-up. Since the inception of this arrangement at our institution, surgical residents have seen 229 staff patients and 465 private patients in the offices under supervision. Compliance rate of continuity of care was defined as patient follow-up with the same senior surgical resident who performed an operation or evaluated the patient on initial presentation to the emergency department or offices. We achieved a compliance rate of 92.8% (169/182) in the staff surgical clinics. A compliance rate of 63.5% (205/323) for private general surgical patients and 70.4% (100/142) for vascular surgical patients was obtained. With the establishment of the teaching faculty group and the relocation of offices, we were able to achieve a dramatic improvement in continuity of care. In

  12. Reorientasi Ideologi Urban Sufism di Indonesia terhadap Relasi Guru dan Murid dalam Tradisi Generik Sufisme pada Majelis Shalawat Muhammad di Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubaidi Rubaidi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the discussion about ideology reorientation on Urban Sufism’s doctrines in Indonesia in the post Reformation Era. The study puts emphasis on Majelis Shalawat Muhammad and its teachings. The study on the doctrinal teachings based on practices (‘amalîyah of Majelis Shalawat Muhammad provides, on one hand, conceptual data on Sufism teachings within their generic meanings. On the other, it is intended to be a comparative study toward theoretical conceptions on Urban Sufism established by Julia Day Howell, Martin van Bruinessen, and other scholars on the field. This study underlines the relation of guru-murid (murshid and his pupils in preserving doctrinal teachings and practices of Sufism, which have been uninterruptedly maintained from classical period until nowadays. Within the tradition of Sufism, the relation of guru-murid has generated a term what so-called walîy Allâh. Predicate as walîy Allâh within the personality of a pupil is indicated by his ability to reach and “open” a dimension of tawhîd which is called mukâshafah. The dimension of mukâshafah has played a pivotal role in maintaining the transmission of teachings and doctrines of Sufism from generation to generation and ensuring their sustainability.

  13. The TopoFlow Hydrologic Model: A New Community Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peckham, S. D.

    2004-05-01

    TopoFlow is a powerful, spatially-distributed hydrologic model with a user-friendly, wizard-style point-and-click interface. It is an open-source model that was designed to be easily modified and extended by a user community of hydrologists. Its main purpose is to model many different physical processes in a watershed with the goal of accurately predicting how various hydrologic variables will evolve in time in response to climatic forcings. The streamlined graphical interface makes it easy to perform multiple runs with different settings and different methods for parameterizing various physical processes; this makes it an excellent tool for research and teaching. Time evolutions for single pixels (such as hydrographs), collections of pixels, or entire grids (as animations) are all supported as output options. The currently supported physical processes are: Snowmelt (degree-day or energy balance method), Precipitation (uniform or varying in space/time), Evapotranspiration (Priestley-Taylor or energy balance), Infiltration (Green-Ampt coming soon), Channel/overland flow (Manning or law of wall) and Darcian, multi-layer subsurface flow. For each physical process, the user selects a "method" to be used to model that process from a droplist of options, and then specifies the input data that is required for that method and the output variables that are of interest. The ability to handle springs, sinks and canals was recently added. TopoFlow is designed so that users can use existing methods, share methods with others, or add their own methods and incorporate them into the graphical user interface. A method called "None" is always available to turn off any given physical process, and cleanly-written templates are provided to simplify the task of adding new methods. Input variables may be specified as a scalar (to be distributed uniformly), a time series, a spatial grid, or a grid seqence indexed by time. Many of the physical process methods used in TopoFlow are based on

  14. PENGARUH MOTIVASI BELAJAR DAN KOMPETENSI PROFESIONAL GURU TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR MATA PELAJARAN IPS EKONOMI SISWA KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 3 MAGELANG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2011/2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunik Sulistyowati,

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Prestasi belajar merupakan indikator yang penting untuk mengukur keberhasilan proses belajar mengajar. Prestasi belajar dipengaruhi oleh banyak faktor, di antaranya motivasi belajar dan kompetensi profesional guru. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah adakah pengaruh motivasi belajar dan kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar IPS ekonomi siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Magelang Tahun Ajaran 2011/2012 baik secara simultan maupun parsial.Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 3 Magelang dengan sampel berjumlah 133 siswa. Variabel penelitian terdiri dari variabel bebas yaitu motivasi belajar (X1 dan kompetensi profesional guru (X2, dan variabel terikat yaitu prestasi belajar (Y. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan angket dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian deskriptif persentase menunjukkan bahwa motivasi belajar siswa dalam kategori tinggi, kompetensi profesional guru� dalam kategori baik, dan prestasi belajar siswa dalam kategori tuntas. Hasil penelitian diperoleh persamaan regresi yaitu ?= 48,387 + 0,607(X1 + 0,101(X2. Dari hasil uji F diperoleh nilai signifikan sebesar 0,000 dan menunjukkan bahwa secara simultan ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara motivasi belajar dan kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar IPS ekonomi sebesar 47,7% sedangkan sisanya 52,3% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak dikaji dalam penelitian ini. Secara parsial menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh antara motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 22,09%, dan ada pengaruh kompetensi profesional guru terhadap prestasi belajar sebesar 28,40%. Learning achievement is an indicator that it is important to measure the success of the process of teaching and learning. Learning achievement are influenced by many factors, such as learning motivation and teacher�s professional competence.The problem in this study is whether there is influence of learning motivation and teacher�s professional competence toward learning

  15. Using Model-based Overlapping Seed Expansion to detect highly overlapping community structure

    CERN Document Server

    McDaid, Aaron F

    2010-01-01

    As research into community finding in social networks progresses, there is a need for algorithms capable of detecting overlapping community structure. Many algorithms have been proposed in recent years that are capable of assigning each node to more than a single community. The performance of these algorithms tends to degrade when the ground-truth contains a more highly overlapping community structure, with nodes assigned to more than two communities. Such highly overlapping structure is likely to exist in many social networks, such as Facebook friendship networks. In this paper we present a scalable algorithm, MOSES, based on a statistical model of community structure, which is capable of detecting highly overlapping community structure, especially when there is variance in the number of communities each node is in. In evaluation on synthetic data MOSES is found to be superior to existing algorithms, especially at high levels of overlap. We demonstrate MOSES on real social network data by analyzing the netwo...

  16. Data Producers Courting Data Reusers: Two Cases from Modeling Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jillian Wallis

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Data sharing is a difficult process for both the data producer and the data reuser. Both parties are faced with more disincentives than incentives. Data producers need to sink time and resources into adding metadata for data to be findable and usable, and there is no promise of receiving credit for this effort. Making data available also leaves data producers vulnerable to being scooped or data misuse. Data reusers also need to sink time and resources into evaluating data and trying to understand them, making collecting their own data a more attractive option. In spite of these difficulties, some data producers are looking for new ways to make data sharing and reuse a more viable option. This paper presents two cases from the surface and climate modeling communities, where researchers who produce data are reaching out to other researchers who would be interested in reusing the data. These cases are evaluated as a strategy to identify ways to overcome the challenges typically experienced by both data producers and data reusers. By working together with reusers, data producers are able to mitigate the disincentives and create incentives for sharing data. By working with data producers, data reusers are able to circumvent the hurdles that make data reuse so challenging.

  17. Community Earth System Model (CESM) Tutorial 2016 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamarque, Jean-Francois [Univ. Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and Climate and Global Dynamics Laboratory (CGD), Boulder, CO (United States)

    2017-05-09

    For the 2016 tutorial, NCAR/CGD requested a total budget of $70,000 split equally between DOE and NSF. The funds were used to support student participation (travel, lodging, per diem, etc.). Lectures and practical session support was primarily provided by local participants at no additional cost (see list below). The seventh annual Community Earth System Model (CESM) tutorial (2016) for students and early career scientists was held 8 – 12 August 2016. As has been the case over the last few years, this event was extremely successful and there was greater demand than could be met. There was continued interest in support of the NSF’s EaSM Infrastructure awards, to train these awardees in the application of the CESM. Based on suggestions from previous tutorial participants, the 2016 tutorial experience again provided direct connection to Yellowstone for each individual participant (rather than pairs), and used the NCAR Mesa Library. The 2016 tutorial included lectures on simulating the climate system and practical sessions on running CESM, modifying components, and analyzing data. These were targeted to the graduate student level. In addition, specific talks (“Application” talks) were introduced this year to provide participants with some in-depth knowledge of some specific aspects of CESM.

  18. Designing a Trust Evaluation Model for Open-Knowledge Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xianmin; Qiu, Qin; Yu, Shengquan; Tahir, Hasan

    2014-01-01

    The openness of open-knowledge communities (OKCs) leads to concerns about the knowledge quality and reliability of such communities. This confidence crisis has become a major factor limiting the healthy development of OKCs. Earlier studies on trust evaluation for Wikipedia considered disadvantages such as inadequate influencing factors and…

  19. Learning online community citizenship behavior: a socio-cognitive model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joe, Sheng-Wuu; Lin, Chieh-Peng

    2008-06-01

    This study postulates personal and environmental factors as key drivers of online community citizenship behavior (OCCB). OCCB reveals that the individual chooses to perform a behavior that is beneficial to others. Empirical results confirm the applicability of social cognitive theory (SCT) in online communities.

  20. Community Environmental Education as a Model for Effective Environmental Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair, Morag

    2008-01-01

    The benefits of community environmental education outlined in environmental education literature are supported by the findings and implications of a research study undertaken in New Zealand. Evidence from a two-case case study suggests that environmental programmes guided by the key principles and practices of community environmental education,…

  1. Discovering link communities in complex networks by an integer programming model and a genetic algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhenping; Zhang, Xiang-Sun; Wang, Rui-Sheng; Liu, Hongwei; Zhang, Shihua

    2013-01-01

    Identification of communities in complex networks is an important topic and issue in many fields such as sociology, biology, and computer science. Communities are often defined as groups of related nodes or links that correspond to functional subunits in the corresponding complex systems. While most conventional approaches have focused on discovering communities of nodes, some recent studies start partitioning links to find overlapping communities straightforwardly. In this paper, we propose a new quantity function for link community identification in complex networks. Based on this quantity function we formulate the link community partition problem into an integer programming model which allows us to partition a complex network into overlapping communities. We further propose a genetic algorithm for link community detection which can partition a network into overlapping communities without knowing the number of communities. We test our model and algorithm on both artificial networks and real-world networks. The results demonstrate that the model and algorithm are efficient in detecting overlapping community structure in complex networks.

  2. Parallel community climate model: Description and user`s guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drake, J.B.; Flanery, R.E.; Semeraro, B.D.; Worley, P.H. [and others

    1996-07-15

    This report gives an overview of a parallel version of the NCAR Community Climate Model, CCM2, implemented for MIMD massively parallel computers using a message-passing programming paradigm. The parallel implementation was developed on an Intel iPSC/860 with 128 processors and on the Intel Delta with 512 processors, and the initial target platform for the production version of the code is the Intel Paragon with 2048 processors. Because the implementation uses a standard, portable message-passing libraries, the code has been easily ported to other multiprocessors supporting a message-passing programming paradigm. The parallelization strategy used is to decompose the problem domain into geographical patches and assign each processor the computation associated with a distinct subset of the patches. With this decomposition, the physics calculations involve only grid points and data local to a processor and are performed in parallel. Using parallel algorithms developed for the semi-Lagrangian transport, the fast Fourier transform and the Legendre transform, both physics and dynamics are computed in parallel with minimal data movement and modest change to the original CCM2 source code. Sequential or parallel history tapes are written and input files (in history tape format) are read sequentially by the parallel code to promote compatibility with production use of the model on other computer systems. A validation exercise has been performed with the parallel code and is detailed along with some performance numbers on the Intel Paragon and the IBM SP2. A discussion of reproducibility of results is included. A user`s guide for the PCCM2 version 2.1 on the various parallel machines completes the report. Procedures for compilation, setup and execution are given. A discussion of code internals is included for those who may wish to modify and use the program in their own research.

  3. Modeling Central Carbon Metabolic Processes in Soil Microbial Communities: Comparing Measured With Modeled

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijkstra, P.; Fairbanks, D.; Miller, E.; Salpas, E.; Hagerty, S.

    2013-12-01

    Understanding the mechanisms regulating C cycling is hindered by our inability to directly observe and measure the biochemical processes of glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway, and TCA cycle in intact and complex microbial communities. Position-specific 13C labeled metabolic tracer probing is proposed as a new way to study microbial community energy production, biosynthesis, C use efficiency (the proportion of substrate incorporated into microbial biomass), and enables the quantification of C fluxes through the central C metabolic network processes (Dijkstra et al 2011a,b). We determined the 13CO2 production from U-13C, 1-13C, 2-13C, 3-13C, 4-13C, 5-13C, and 6-13C labeled glucose and 1-13C and 2,3-13C pyruvate in parallel incubations in three soils along an elevation gradient. Qualitative and quantitative interpretation of the results indicate a high pentose phosphate pathway activity in soils. Agreement between modeled and measured CO2 production rates for the six C-atoms of 13C-labeled glucose indicate that the metabolic model used is appropriate for soil community processes, but that improvements can be made. These labeling and modeling techniques may improve our ability to analyze the biochemistry and (eco)physiology of intact microbial communities. Dijkstra, P., Blankinship, J.C., Selmants, P.C., Hart, S.C., Koch, G.W., Schwartz, E., Hungate, B.A., 2011a. Probing C flux patterns of soil microbial metabolic networks using parallel position-specific tracer labeling. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43, 126-132. Dijkstra, P., Dalder, J.J., Selmants, P.C., Hart, S.C., Koch, G.W., Schwartz, E., Hungate, B.A., 2011b. Modeling soil metabolic processes using isotopologue pairs of position-specific 13C-labeled glucose and pyruvate. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43, 1848-1857.

  4. The State Role in Financing Community Colleges: A Model for Improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Terry

    1985-01-01

    Explores trends in the state role in community college funding and college responses to those trends, underscoring the need for an improved funding formula model. Identifies specific goals and components of such a model, covering areas including governance, budgeting standards, tuition pricing, community education, and state and institutional…

  5. Potts model based on a Markov process computation solves the community structure problem effectively.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui-Jia; Wang, Yong; Wu, Ling-Yun; Zhang, Junhua; Zhang, Xiang-Sun

    2012-07-01

    The Potts model is a powerful tool to uncover community structure in complex networks. Here, we propose a framework to reveal the optimal number of communities and stability of network structure by quantitatively analyzing the dynamics of the Potts model. Specifically we model the community structure detection Potts procedure by a Markov process, which has a clear mathematical explanation. Then we show that the local uniform behavior of spin values across multiple timescales in the representation of the Markov variables could naturally reveal the network's hierarchical community structure. In addition, critical topological information regarding multivariate spin configuration could also be inferred from the spectral signatures of the Markov process. Finally an algorithm is developed to determine fuzzy communities based on the optimal number of communities and the stability across multiple timescales. The effectiveness and efficiency of our algorithm are theoretically analyzed as well as experimentally validated.

  6. Potts model based on a Markov process computation solves the community structure problem effectively

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Hui-Jia; Wu, Ling-Yun; Zhang, Junhua; Zhang, Xiang-Sun

    2015-01-01

    Potts model is a powerful tool to uncover community structure in complex networks. Here, we propose a new framework to reveal the optimal number of communities and stability of network structure by quantitatively analyzing the dynamics of Potts model. Specifically we model the community structure detection Potts procedure by a Markov process, which has a clear mathematical explanation. Then we show that the local uniform behavior of spin values across multiple timescales in the representation of the Markov variables could naturally reveal the network's hierarchical community structure. In addition, critical topological information regarding to multivariate spin configuration could also be inferred from the spectral signatures of the Markov process. Finally an algorithm is developed to determine fuzzy communities based on the optimal number of communities and the stability across multiple timescales. The effectiveness and efficiency of our algorithm are theoretically analyzed as well as experimentally validate...

  7. The development of a model of community garden benefits to wellbeing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egli, Victoria; Oliver, Melody; Tautolo, El-Shadan

    2016-06-01

    Community gardens contribute to community wellbeing by influencing the nutritional and social environment. The aim of this research was to develop a model that communicates the many benefits of community garden participation as described in the academic literature, to a diverse audience of laypersons. This model is an example of effective knowledge translation because the information is able to be more than simply understood but also practically applied. From April to August 2015, a model depicting the many benefits of community garden participation was prepared based on a global, critical literature review. The wellbeing benefits from community garden participation have been grouped into factors influencing the nutritional health environment and factors influencing the social environment. The graphic chosen to form the basis of the model is a fractal tree of life. In October 2015, to test the models comprehension and to obtain stakeholder feedback this model was presented to a diverse group of community members, leaders and workers from the Tāmaki region of Auckland, New Zealand. The model we present here effectively and clearly translates knowledge obtained from the academic literature on the benefits to wellbeing from community garden participation into a tool that can be used, adapted and developed by community groups, government agencies and health promoters.

  8. COPEWELL: A Conceptual Framework and System Dynamics Model for Predicting Community Functioning and Resilience After Disasters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Links, Jonathan M; Schwartz, Brian S; Lin, Sen; Kanarek, Norma; Mitrani-Reiser, Judith; Sell, Tara Kirk; Watson, Crystal R; Ward, Doug; Slemp, Cathy; Burhans, Robert; Gill, Kimberly; Igusa, Tak; Zhao, Xilei; Aguirre, Benigno; Trainor, Joseph; Nigg, Joanne; Inglesby, Thomas; Carbone, Eric; Kendra, James M

    2017-06-21

    Policy-makers and practitioners have a need to assess community resilience in disasters. Prior efforts conflated resilience with community functioning, combined resistance and recovery (the components of resilience), and relied on a static model for what is inherently a dynamic process. We sought to develop linked conceptual and computational models of community functioning and resilience after a disaster. We developed a system dynamics computational model that predicts community functioning after a disaster. The computational model outputted the time course of community functioning before, during, and after a disaster, which was used to calculate resistance, recovery, and resilience for all US counties. The conceptual model explicitly separated resilience from community functioning and identified all key components for each, which were translated into a system dynamics computational model with connections and feedbacks. The components were represented by publicly available measures at the county level. Baseline community functioning, resistance, recovery, and resilience evidenced a range of values and geographic clustering, consistent with hypotheses based on the disaster literature. The work is transparent, motivates ongoing refinements, and identifies areas for improved measurements. After validation, such a model can be used to identify effective investments to enhance community resilience.(Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;page 1 of 11).

  9. A model framework for the enhancement of community detection in complex networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Dongxiao; Wang, Hongcui; Jin, Di; Liu, Baolin

    2016-11-01

    Community detection is an important data analysis problem in many different areas, and how to enhance the quality of community detection in complicated real applications is still a challenge. Current community detection enhancement methods often take the enhancement as a preprocess of community detection. They mainly focus on how to design the suitable topological similarity of nodes to adjust the original network, but did not consider how to make use of this topological similarity more effectively. In order to better utilize the similarity information, we propose a model framework which integrates the enhancement into the whole community detection procedure. First, we calculate the structural similarity of nodes based on network topology. Second, we present a stochastic model to describe the community memberships of nodes; we then model the strong constraint based on structural similarity, i.e., we make each node have the same community membership distribution with its most similar neighbors; and then we model the weak constraint, i.e., if two nodes have a high similarity we will make their community membership distributions close, otherwise we will make them not close. Finally, we present a nonnegative matrix factorization approach to learn the model parameters. We evaluate our method on both synthetic and real-world networks with ground-truths, and compare it with five comparable methods. The experimental results demonstrate the superior performance of our new method over the competing ones for community detection and enhancement.

  10. Collaborative Project. A Flexible Atmospheric Modeling Framework for the Community Earth System Model (CESM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gettelman, Andrew [University Corporation For Atmospheric Research (UCAR), Boulder, CO (United States)

    2015-10-01

    In this project we have been upgrading the Multiscale Modeling Framework (MMF) in the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM), also known as Super-Parameterized CAM (SP-CAM). This has included a major effort to update the coding standards and interface with CAM so that it can be placed on the main development trunk. It has also included development of a new software structure for CAM to be able to handle sub-grid column information. These efforts have formed the major thrust of the work.

  11. ANALISIS META PADA MANAJEMEN PASCA PELATIHAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS GURU DI SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Sudana

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Post in-service training programs of teachers have never been evaluated to investigate their effectiveness and productivity. Some factors are indicated to affect unmeasured productivity of the program: (1 there is no a clear procedure in evaluating productity of in-service training program, (2 there is no standardized procedures to evaluate teacher performance, (3 a complex teachers' background make evaluation instrument is difficult to be developed, (4 trainings have not been based on teachers needs, (5 training content could not be implemented, and (6 monotonous methode were usually employed. However, this research investigated seven advantages: (1 School productivity is improved, (2 relationship between management and staff is in harmony, (3 a faster  decision making is achieved, (4 a high commitment and motivation for school community, (5 to push more open management through implementation of participative managerial, (6 more effective communication, and (7 a functional conflict resolution. The advantages for teacher: (1 help teacher to make a better decision making, (2 to help teacher to solve problems, (3 motivational factors are internalized and operationalized, (4 to develop teacher to improve performance, (5 to help teacher to be a self confidence teacher, (6 to help teacher to acquire intellectual and technical ability, (7 to improve teacher's work satisfaction, (8 more   recognition on individual performance, (9 more independent teachers, and (10 lessen teacher's anxious toface future. Kata Kunci: Strategi manajemen, pascapelatihan, produktivitas.

  12. Pembekalan Pemrograman Dasar Komputer bagi Guru TIK dan Siswa Terpilih di Tiga Mitra SMA Kabupaten Bangkalan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Wahyuni

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Programming is a basic skill in computing (Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi–TIK feld. In our school partners located at Bangkalan, the teachers of computing course have non-computing background (physics, mathematics, biology. Tis condition means that their programming skill is not good enough. Tis is certainly a suboptimal circumstance since teacher’s mastery of a subject has a lot to do with the success of the teaching-learning process. Computer olympics (olimpiade komputer is a programming competition for high school students. It has two kinds of tests. Tey were mathematical logic and programming problem solving. Because of the lacking in teacher’s programming skill, the preparation event focused only on mathematical logic. Tis approach had led the students to pass through frst/city selection, but it was not enough to pass the second/provincial selection. In this community service, we gave programming learning modules to the school partners and also train them about pascal programming. Te initial targets were TIK teachers who were also the preparation event coaches. Afer several considerations, we asked the schools to also send their best students as participants for the training. Te purpose were to not only prepare the current participant team, but also to support the regeneration of future teams. By the end of this activity, our partners’ teachers and students have had a better pascal programming skills. Tis result is shown in the increasing scores they get in their pre, mid, and fnal training evaluations.

  13. Community models for wildlife impact assessment: a review of concepts and approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Richard L.

    1987-01-01

    The first two sections of this paper are concerned with defining and bounding communities, and describing those attributes of the community that are quantifiable and suitable for wildlife impact assessment purposes. Prior to the development or use of a community model, it is important to have a clear understanding of the concept of a community and a knowledge of the types of community attributes that can serve as outputs for the development of models. Clearly defined, unambiguous model outputs are essential for three reasons: (1) to ensure that the measured community attributes relate to the wildlife resource objectives of the study; (2) to allow testing of the outputs in experimental studies, to determine accuracy, and to allow for improvements based on such testing; and (3) to enable others to clearly understand the community attribute that has been measured. The third section of this paper described input variables that may be used to predict various community attributes. These input variables do not include direct measures of wildlife populations. Most impact assessments involve projects that result in drastic changes in habitat, such as changes in land use, vegetation, or available area. Therefore, the model input variables described in this section deal primarily with habitat related features. Several existing community models are described in the fourth section of this paper. A general description of each model is provided, including the nature of the input variables and the model output. The logic and assumptions of each model are discussed, along with data requirements needed to use the model. The fifth section provides guidance on the selection and development of community models. Identification of the community attribute that is of concern will determine the type of model most suitable for a particular application. This section provides guidelines on selected an existing model, as well as a discussion of the major steps to be followed in modifying an

  14. The Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System: Experiences on Building a Collaborative Modeling Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overeem, I.; Hutton, E.; Kettner, A.; Peckham, S. D.; Syvitski, J. P.

    2012-12-01

    The Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System - CSDMS- develops a software platform with shared and coupled modules for modeling earth surface processes as a community resource. The framework allows prediction of water, sediment and nutrient transport through the landscape and seacape. The underlying paradigm is that the Earth surface we live on is a dynamic system; topography changes with seasons, with landslides and earthquakes, with erosion and deposition. The Earth Surface changes due to storms and floods, and important boundaries, like the coast, are ever-moving features. CSDMS sets out to make better predictions of these changes. Earth surface process modeling bridges the terrestrial, coastal and marine domains and requires understanding of the system over a range of time scales, which inherently needs interdisciplinarity. Members of CSDMS (~830 in July 2012) are largely from academic institutions (˜75%), followed by federal agencies (˜17%), and oil and gas companies (˜5%). Members and governmental bodies meet once annually and rely additionally on web-based information for communication. As an organization that relies on volunteer participation, CSDMS faces challenges to scientific collaboration. Encouraging volunteerism among its members to provide and adapt metadata and model code to be sufficiently standardized for coupling is crucial to building an integrated community modeling system. We here present CSDMS strategies aimed at providing the appropriate technical tools and cyberinfrastructure to support a variety of user types, ranging from advanced to novice modelers. Application of these advances in science is key, both into the educational realm and for managers and decision-makers. We discuss some of the implemented ideas to further organizational transparency and user engagement in small-scale governance, such as advanced trackers and voting systems for model development prioritization through the CSDMS wiki. We analyzed data on community

  15. The Model of Tourist Virtual Community Members Engagement Management

    OpenAIRE

    Krzysztof Stepaniuk

    2015-01-01

    Building numerous and active virtual tourist communities involved in the tourist brand, connected with product, attraction or travel destination is a significant challenge for a dynamic and competitive tourist market. The main aim of presented pilot study was the drawing up guidelines for development of users engagement of selected virtual tourist communities on the example of Facebook. For that purpose a ranking of the most popular indicators of thematic areas, around which virtual tourist c...

  16. Le Bon Samaritain: A Community-Based Care Model Supported by Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gay, Valerie; Leijdekkers, Peter; Gill, Asif; Felix Navarro, Karla

    2015-01-01

    The effective care and well-being of a community is a challenging task especially in an emergency situation. Traditional technology-based silos between health and emergency services are challenged by the changing needs of the community that could benefit from integrated health and safety services. Low-cost smart-home automation solutions, wearable devices and Cloud technology make it feasible for communities to interact with each other, and with health and emergency services in a timely manner. This paper proposes a new community-based care model, supported by technology, that aims at reducing healthcare and emergency services costs while allowing community to become resilient in response to health and emergency situations. We looked at models of care in different industries and identified the type of technology that can support the suggested new model of care. Two prototypes were developed to validate the adequacy of the technology. The result is a new community-based model of care called 'Le Bon Samaritain'. It relies on a network of people called 'Bons Samaritains' willing to help and deal with the basic care and safety aspects of their community. Their role is to make sure that people in their community receive and understand the messages from emergency and health services. The new care model is integrated with existing emergency warning, community and health services. Le Bon Samaritain model is scalable, community-based and can help people feel safer, less isolated and more integrated in their community. It could be the key to reduce healthcare cost, increase resilience and drive the change for a more integrated emergency and care system.

  17. Pemberdayaan Guru dalam Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa SD

    OpenAIRE

    Tatag Yuli Eko Siswono; Abdul Haris Rosyidi; Yuliani Puji Astuti; Ika Kurniasari

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: Empowering Mathematics Teachers to Improve Creative Thinking of Elementary-School Students. This experimental study is intended to develop mathematics teachers’ competences in designing teaching and learning strategies that enhance students’ creative thinking. In addition, the study portrays teachers’ creative thinking as well as their competences in planning and implementing problem-solving and problem-posing teaching models. Utilizing a pre-test post-test single group design, this...

  18. Community Digital Library Requirements for the Southern California Earthquake Center Community Modeling Environment (SCEC/CME)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, R.; Faerman, M.; Minster, J.; Day, S. M.; Ely, G.

    2003-12-01

    A community digital library provides support for ingestion, organization, description, preservation, and access of digital entities. The technologies that traditionally provide these capabilities are digital libraries (ingestion, organization, description), persistent archives (preservation) and data grids (access). We present a design for the SCEC community digital library that incorporates aspects of all three systems. Multiple groups have created integrated environments that sustain large-scale scientific data collections. By examining these projects, the following stages of implementation can be identified: \\begin{itemize} Definition of semantic terms to associate with relevant information. This includes definition of uniform content descriptors to describe physical quantities relevant to the scientific discipline, and creation of concept spaces to define how the uniform content descriptors are logically related. Organization of digital entities into logical collections that make it simple to browse and manage related material. Definition of services that are used to access and manipulate material in the collection. Creation of a preservation environment for the long-term management of the collection. Each community is faced with heterogeneity that is introduced when data is distributed across multiple sites, or when multiple sets of collection semantics are used, and or when multiple scientific sub-disciplines are federated. We will present the relevant standards that simplify the implementation of the SCEC community library, the resource requirements for different types of data sets that drive the implementation, and the digital library processes that the SCEC community library will support. The SCEC community library can be viewed as the set of processing steps that are required to build the appropriate SCEC reference data sets (SCEC approved encoding format, SCEC approved descriptive metadata, SCEC approved collection organization, and SCEC managed storage

  19. Latino children's health and the family-community health promotion model.

    OpenAIRE

    Mendoza, F S; Fuentes-Afflick, E.

    1999-01-01

    A majority of Latino children in the US live in poverty. However, unlike other poor children, Latino children do not seem to have a consistent association between poverty and poor health. Instead, many poor Latino children have unexpectedly good health outcomes. This has been labeled an epidemiologic paradox. This paper proposes a new model of health, the family-community health promotion model, to account for this paradox. The family-community health promotion model emphasizes the family-com...

  20. Predictive occurrence models for coastal wetland plant communities: delineating hydrologic response surfaces with multinomial logistic regression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snedden, Gregg A.; Steyer, Gregory D.

    2013-01-01

    Understanding plant community zonation along estuarine stress gradients is critical for effective conservation and restoration of coastal wetland ecosystems. We related the presence of plant community types to estuarine hydrology at 173 sites across coastal Louisiana. Percent relative cover by species was assessed at each site near the end of the growing season in 2008, and hourly water level and salinity were recorded at each site Oct 2007–Sep 2008. Nine plant community types were delineated with k-means clustering, and indicator species were identified for each of the community types with indicator species analysis. An inverse relation between salinity and species diversity was observed. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) effectively segregated the sites across ordination space by community type, and indicated that salinity and tidal amplitude were both important drivers of vegetation composition. Multinomial logistic regression (MLR) and Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) were used to predict the probability of occurrence of the nine vegetation communities as a function of salinity and tidal amplitude, and probability surfaces obtained from the MLR model corroborated the CCA results. The weighted kappa statistic, calculated from the confusion matrix of predicted versus actual community types, was 0.7 and indicated good agreement between observed community types and model predictions. Our results suggest that models based on a few key hydrologic variables can be valuable tools for predicting vegetation community development when restoring and managing coastal wetlands.

  1. Pedagogy of the logic model: teaching undergraduates to work together to change their communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Lindsey; Kamal, Zohra; Kim, Hannah

    2013-01-01

    Undergraduate community psychology courses can empower students to address challenging problems in their local communities. Creating a logic model is an experiential way to learn course concepts by "doing." Throughout the semester, students work with peers to define a problem, develop an intervention, and plan an evaluation focused on an issue of concern to them. This report provides an overview of how to organize a community psychology course around the creation of a logic model in order for students to develop this applied skill. Two undergraduate student authors report on their experience with the logic model assignment, describing the community problem they chose to address, what they learned from the assignment, what they found challenging, and what they are doing now in their communities based on what they learned.

  2. EFEKTIVITAS METODE P2R UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KECEPATAN EFEKTIF MEMBACA (KEM MAHASISWA CALON GURU BAHASA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurmina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Reading is one of language skill which is not less important compared with others language skill such as scrutinizing, speaking, and writing. In this era which technology is flaring and developing rapidly, the students are prefer to play facebook, twitter, chatting, and many more than read a journal or articles. This phenomenon shows that the interest to read among students is needed to be increased. One of the way that can be taken is by having skills to read quickly or is known by scanning with P2R method. The P2R method itself is one of method or strategy that can be used to increase reading skill. The P2R method consists of stages pra-peninjauan, membaca, dan meninjau that commonly used by the most of quick reader / scanner and efficient. This research is done to obtain data about the effective reading speed of student as Indonesian language teacher candidate and the effort of its increasing through the P2R method. The population of this research is all students on program of study Indonesian language and literature education and also area of Almuslim University as much 149 students. The sample of this research is 30% of the total population or as much 45 strudents of Indonesia Language teacher candidate of Almuslim University who are taken randomly. The type of research is experimental research (true experimental and quantitative approach with the model of research is pretest-post test control group model. The result of research shows that the P2R method is effective to be implemented to increase the effective reading speed of students as Indonesian language teacher candidate. FKIP is obtained by researcher. The posttest result shows that there was an increasing of KEM learning outcomes meanwhile the observation result was seems that in the learning with P2R model, the students were very enthusiasm, more active, also more motivated in attending the learning. Besides that, the result of questionnaires also shows that the P2R method obtained

  3. A diagnostic evaluation model for complex research partnerships with community engagement: the partnership for Native American Cancer Prevention (NACP) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trotter, Robert T; Laurila, Kelly; Alberts, David; Huenneke, Laura F

    2015-02-01

    Complex community oriented health care prevention and intervention partnerships fail or only partially succeed at alarming rates. In light of the current rapid expansion of critically needed programs targeted at health disparities in minority populations, we have designed and are testing an "logic model plus" evaluation model that combines classic logic model and query based evaluation designs (CDC, NIH, Kellogg Foundation) with advances in community engaged designs derived from industry-university partnership models. These approaches support the application of a "near real time" feedback system (diagnosis and intervention) based on organizational theory, social network theory, and logic model metrics directed at partnership dynamics, combined with logic model metrics.

  4. KOMPETENSI GURU, SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE DENGAN SELF DETERMINATION THEORY SEBAGAI MEDIASI DENGAN ORGANIZATION CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayadi Jayadi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the factors that affect theorganization citizenship behavior, namely teacher competence, spiritualintelligence, and self-determination theory in junior high school teacher.Some 231 junior high school teachers in East Kotawaringin Sampit aregiven four scales to fill in, namely teacher competence scale, spiritualintelligence scale, self-determination theory scale and organization citizenshipbehavior scale. Data was analyzed with statistical techniquesnamelystructural equation model (SEM.The results showed there is the influence of teacher competence inself-determination theory (ë = 0.147, p = 0.003. The influence of spiritualintelligence to self-determination theory was significant (ë = 0874, p =0.000. There isa significant influenceof teachers’ competencies onorganizational citizenship behavior (ë = 0097, p = 0.007. There is nosignificant influence of spiritual intelligence to organizational citizenshipbehavior (ë = 0070, p = 0461, but the effect through self-determination

  5. Effectiveness of Training Model Capacity Building for Entrepreneurship Women Based Empowerment Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idawati; Mahmud, Alimuddin; Dirawan, Gufran Darma

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of a training model for capacity building of women entrepreneurship community-based. Research type approach Research and Development Model, which refers to the model of development research that developed by Romiszowki (1996) combined with a model of development Sugiono (2011) it was…

  6. Community Collaboration to Improve Schools: Introducing a New Model from Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Lawson, Hal A.; Bean, Jerry; Flaspohler, Paul; Boone, Barbara; Kwiatkowski, Amber

    2008-01-01

    Conventional school improvement models traditionally involve "walled-in" approaches. These models focus primarily on academic learning strategies in response to standards-based accountabilities. Although positive outcomes have been documented, expanded school improvement models such as the Ohio Community Collaboration Model for School…

  7. Contextualizing Community Violence and Its Effects: An Ecological Model of Parent-Child Interdependent Coping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aisenberg, Eugene; Ell, Kathleen

    2005-01-01

    This article presents an integrated conceptual framework that contextualizes exposure to community violence and the interpersonal and interdependent processes of parent and child response to community violence. This model posits that parental distress, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, is a significant mediator of…

  8. Women, Poverty, and Public Policy: A Community-Based Model for Collaborative Outreach Scholarship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schleiter, Mary Kay; Rhoades, Katherine A.; Statham, Anne

    2004-01-01

    The Women and Poverty Public Education Initiative (WPPEI), established by the University of Wisconsin Women's Studies Consortium Outreach Office in 1994, developed a collaborative outreach scholarship model that paired women from the poverty community with women's studies faculty from universities in eight Wisconsin communities to study the…

  9. Community Violence Exposure and Aggression among Urban Adolescents: Testing a Cognitive Mediator Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Susan D.; Felix, Erika D.; Halpert, Jane A.; Petropoulos, Lara A. N.

    2009-01-01

    Past research has shown that exposure to violence leads to aggressive behavior, but few community-based studies have examined theoretical models illustrating the mediating social cognitive processes that explain this relation with youth exposed to high rates of violence. This study examines the impact of community violence on behavior through…

  10. Toward Development of a Model for Instructor Tenure in the Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corlett, D. F.

    Unlike either secondary schools, in which tenure practices are established by law, or universities, in which tenure practices are patterned after policies of the American Association of University Professors, the community colleges abide by no uniform policy. This paper presents a model on which community colleges can base their tenure policy. The…

  11. A Model of Solid Waste Management Based Multilateral Co-Operation in Semi-Urban Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanchanabhandhu, Chanchai; Woraphong, Seree

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to construct a model of solid waste management based on multilateral cooperation in semi-urban community. Its specific objectives were to 1) study the solid waste situation and involvement of community in the solid waste management in Wangtaku Sub-district, Muang District, Nakhon Pathom Province; 2) construct a…

  12. A Model for Evaluating eXtension Communities of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelsey, Kathleen D.; Stafne, Eric T.

    2012-01-01

    As Americans shift their work and leisure activities online, Extension seeks to remain viable by delivering programs through a website known as eXtension. eXtension is predicated on the voluntary labor of Extension specialists and educators who form Communities of Practice to create and deliver content through the website. Evaluation of eXtension…

  13. The Identification of Effective Models for Developing Professional Learning Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy Herard, Berretta

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative descriptive study was to determine whether significant differences existed in the perceptions of elementary school teachers regarding the presence of the 5 dimensions of professional learning communities (PLCs) in Title I schools scoring above versus Title I schools scoring below the 55th percentile on state…

  14. Bayesian model-based cluster analysis for predicting macrofaunal communities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braak, ter C.J.F.; Hoijtink, H.; Akkermans, W.; Verdonschot, P.F.M.

    2003-01-01

    To predict macrofaunal community composition from environmental data a two-step approach is often followed: (1) the water samples are clustered into groups on the basis of the macrofauna data and (2) the groups are related to the environmental data, e.g. by discriminant analysis. For the cluster ana

  15. Community Intervention Model to Reduce Inappropriate Antibiotic Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alder, Stephen; Wuthrich, Amy; Haddadin, Bassam; Donnelly, Sharon; Hannah, Elizabeth Lyon; Stoddard, Greg; Benuzillo, Jose; Bateman, Kim; Samore, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    Background: The Inter-Mountain Project on Antibiotic Resistance and Therapy (IMPART) is an intervention that addresses emerging antimicrobial resistance and the reduction of unnecessary antimicrobial use. Purpose: This study assesses the design and implementation of the community intervention component of IMPART. Methods: The study was conducted…

  16. Restructuring through Community Education: The St. Louis Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nance, Everette E.; Windom, John

    1995-01-01

    St. Louis Public Schools established 15 community education centers to provide comprehensive educational services, changing the way administrators and staff operate. The program had to overcome resistance to change, ensure that mission and purpose were understood by all, recognize that change and trust take time, and deal with differences that may…

  17. PENGARUH GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSAKSIONAL, TRANSFORMASIONAL DAN DISIPLIN KERJA TERHADAP KINERJA GURU (KARYAWAN DI KOTA MADIUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satrijo Budiwibowo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Transactional leadership is described as providing an explanation of employees responsibilities and rewards they can expect if the specified standards is achieved. Transformational leadership approach motivates employees, so that they can thrive and achieve high levels of performance. In addition it is also necessary to support the performance of the good discipline of employees. Broadcasting companies who have employees working on the division of operational and management needed different leadership style to support the realization of optimal performance.  This study used a qualitative approach. Sample was 136 people who are determined by purposive sampling technique. The research instrument used Likert scale models. Data analysis using validity test, realibitas test, the classical assumption, hypothesis testing, multiple linear regression analysis, analysis of correlation coefficients and determination.  The results showed that together transactional leadership styles, transformational leadership styles, work discipline affect the performance of the company's employees broadcasting. Partially transactional and transformational leadership style had no effect on performance. And partially work discipline most dominant effect on performance.  Keywords: Influence of Transactional, Leadership Style and Discipline Performance

  18. Efikasi Mengajar Sebagai Mediator Peranan Faktor Kepribadian terhadap Performasi Mengajar Guru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Widhiarso

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe aim of this study is to test the role of teaching efficacy as a mediatorrelationship between personality factors and optimal teaching performance.Construct personality factor involved is Big Five personality. Participantsin this study were 142 teachers who are representatives of the provincesin Indonesia. Measurement instruments are Five Factors Personality Scale,Teaching Efficacy Scale and Teaching Performance Scale. This studysuggest that the role of personality factors indirectly effect is better to explainvariations in teaching performance than directly effect. This conclusionsare based on two results of the statistical analysis: (1 results fromhierarchical regression analysis indicates that at final stage, entering factorsof teaching efficacy has reduced the role of all five factors of personality tothe teaching performance of teachers ( F = 17.81 p<0.01; R2 = 21.8%.Comparison of coefficient value from two types of effect (direct effectversus indirect effect in structural equation modeling (SEM, suggest thatthe indirect effect coefficient more significant than direct effect. In general,our findings suggest that construct personality has a broad scope that requireother construct more specific or narrower trait as a mediator in explainingthe behavior of the criteria.

  19. Filantropi Islam Untuk Pendidikan: Strategi Pendanaan Dompet Dhuafa dalam Program Sekolah Guru Indonesia (SGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizka Amalia Shofa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Philanthropy for Education: Dompet Dhuafa Funding Strategy in Indonesian Teacher School Program (SGI. This study is aimed at finding out the implementation of the use of zakah funds for the Indonesian Teachers School (SGI program, and to motivate Islamic educational institutions to empower zakah as the Islamic education funding strategy in Indonesia. This research is a qualitative research and conducted in Indonesian Teachers School office with sevent respondents using snow ball sampling technique. The methods of data collection use observation, interviews, and documentation. Data validity test used is source triangulation technique, and data analysis technique used is interactive model from Huberman and Miles. The results show that Indonesian Teachers School is a teacher delivery program in disadvantaged areas by using productive zakah funds from Dompet Dhuafa. The teacher is included in the category ashnâf fî sabilillâh so it is entitled to receive the benefit of zakah. The process of funding using zakat begins with the preparation of the Annual Budget Work Plan (RKAT, the disbursement of zakah funds, the use of zakah funds by beneficiaries (teachers, the preparation of monthly financial and activity reports by beneficiaries to the Indonesian Teachers School.

  20. Salud Para Su Corazon (Health for Your Heart) Community Health Worker Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balcazar, H.; Alvarado, M.; Ortiz, G.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes 6 Salud Para Su Corazon (SPSC) family of programs that have addressed cardiovascular disease risk reduction in Hispanic communities facilitated by community health workers (CHWs) or Promotores de Salud (PS). A synopsis of the programs illustrates the designs and methodological approaches that combine community-based participatory research for 2 types of settings: community and clinical. Examples are provided as to how CHWs can serve as agents of change in these settings. A description is presented of a sustainability framework for the SPSC family of programs. Finally, implications are summarized for utilizing the SPSC CHW/PS model to inform ambulatory care management and policy. PMID:21914992

  1. Proposal for a Model of Co-Management for the Small Community Water Supplies in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Bernal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the conceptual evolution of Community Based Monitoring (CBM from different approaches : social capital, common pool resources and co-management or collaborative management, and presents the main co-management strategies applied to water supply at small scale: local and community driven development (LCDD and sustainable services at scale (SSS. Supported by this theoretical background, and in order to improve access to drinking water in rural communities in Colombia, the authors propose a co-management model for small and community water supplies.

  2. A Model for the Application of Interactive Digital Television to Communities of Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus de Melo Braga

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Communities of Practice make intensive use of information and communication technologies (ICT to meet their needs of interaction among their members. At present, the main supporting tool for these communities is the Internet and the software tools available for their users. With the advent of digital TV, however, new resources have become available to these interactive communities. This study aims at analyzing the basic needs of technology support for virtual communities, identifying the essential software services that can meet these needs and propose an application model for interactive digital television that can meet the main needs of a Community of Practice. To achieve that, the essential services for a Community of Practice were identified by means of a field research applied to a knowledge management Community of Practice in order to propose an application model for Interactive Digital TV to Communities of Practice. The results discussed here may be used to develop applications for Interactive Digital TV and Communities of Practice, exploring the interactive resources of this new platform.

  3. Impact of community capacity on the health status of residents: understanding with the contextual multilevel model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Minsoo; Choi, Mankyu

    2013-01-01

    There has been little conceptual understanding as to how community capacity works, although it allows for an important, population-based health promotional strategy. In this study, the mechanism of community capacity was studied through literature reviews to suggest a comprehensive conceptual model. The research results found that the key to community capacity prevailed in how actively the capacities of individuals and their communities are able to interact with one another. Under active interactions, community-based organizations, which are a type of voluntary association, were created within the community, and cohesion among residents was enhanced. In addition, people were more willing to address community issues. During the process, many services were initiated to meet the people's health needs and strengthen their social and psychological ties. The characteristics of community capacity were named as the contextual multilevel effects. Because an increase in community capacity contributes to a boosted health status, encourages health behaviors, and eventually leads to the overall prosperity of the community, more public health-related attention is required.

  4. DAMPAK PROGRAM PERKULIAHAN MEKANIKA BERBASIS MULTIPEL REPRESENTASI TERHADAP KECERDASAN SPASIAL MAHASISWA CALON GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismet -

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKTelah dilakukan penelitian untuk menggali kompetensi mahasiswa dalam membangun beragam representasi dan melihat dampaknya terhadap kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Desain penelitian menggunakan Mixed Methods Research melalui embedded experimental model. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan meggunakan instrumen tes kecerdasan spasial yang dikembangkan berdasarkan taksonomi kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial, dan data kualitatif dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, analisis dokumen, angket. Hasil analisis kualitatif menunjukan bahwa representasi mahasiswa belum konsisten antara satu representasi dengan representasi lainnya, namun demikian kompetensi multipel representasi mahasiswa  dari waktu ke waktu meningkat semakin membaik mendekati representasi expert. Analisis kuantitatif menunjukkan bahwa  rerata N-gain kecerdasan spasial kelas eksperimen 0,52 (kriteria sedang lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol 0,16 (kriteria rendah sehingga pembelajaran mekanika berbasis multipel representasi dapat meningkatkan kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Peningkatan kecerdasan spasial terjadi pada semua indikator kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial. Berdasarkan perhitungan efek-size(d dan rerata N-gain,  maka  peningkatan paling kuat terjadi pada indikator representasi grafik (d= 4,66, dan N-gain=0,65. ABSTRACTA study has been conducted to explore students' ability in constructing multiple representations and examine its impact on students' spatial intelligence. This study employed a mixed-method with embedded experimental design.  Quantitative data were collected using instruments of spatial intelligence test developed based on taxonomy of core capacities of spatial intelligence. Qualitative data were collected through interviews, document analysis, and questionnaires. Quantitative analysis showed that theinitialrepresentation ofthe studentshave not beenconsistentfrom one format representationtoanother. However, students' competencies of multiple representations were getting

  5. DAMPAK PROGRAM PERKULIAHAN MEKANIKA BERBASIS MULTIPEL REPRESENTASI TERHADAP KECERDASAN SPASIAL MAHASISWA CALON GURU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismet -

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKTelah dilakukan penelitian untuk menggali kompetensi mahasiswa dalam membangun beragam representasi dan melihat dampaknya terhadap kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Desain penelitian menggunakan Mixed Methods Research melalui embedded experimental model. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan meggunakan instrumen tes kecerdasan spasial yang dikembangkan berdasarkan taksonomi kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial, dan data kualitatif dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, analisis dokumen, angket. Hasil analisis kualitatif menunjukan bahwa representasi mahasiswa belum konsisten antara satu representasi dengan representasi lainnya, namun demikian kompetensi multipel representasi mahasiswa  dari waktu ke waktu meningkat semakin membaik mendekati representasi expert. Analisis kuantitatif menunjukkan bahwa  rerata N-gain kecerdasan spasial kelas eksperimen 0,52 (kriteria sedang lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol 0,16 (kriteria rendah sehingga pembelajaran mekanika berbasis multipel representasi dapat meningkatkan kecerdasan spasial mahasiswa. Peningkatan kecerdasan spasial terjadi pada semua indikator kapasitas inti kecerdasan spasial. Berdasarkan perhitungan efek-size(d dan rerata N-gain,  maka  peningkatan paling kuat terjadi pada indikator representasi grafik (d= 4,66, dan N-gain=0,65. ABSTRACTA study has been conducted to explore students' ability in constructing multiple representations and examine its impact on students' spatial intelligence. This study employed a mixed-method with embedded experimental design.  Quantitative data were collected using instruments of spatial intelligence test developed based on taxonomy of core capacities of spatial intelligence. Qualitative data were collected through interviews, document analysis, and questionnaires. Quantitative analysis showed that theinitialrepresentation ofthe studentshave not beenconsistentfrom one format representationtoanother. However, students' competencies of multiple representations were getting

  6. Community of inquiry model: advancing distance learning in nurse anesthesia education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecka, Shannon L; Kotcherlakota, Suhasini; Berger, Ann M

    2014-06-01

    The number of distance education courses offered by nurse anesthesia programs has increased substantially. Emerging distance learning trends must be researched to ensure high-quality education for student registered nurse anesthetists. However, research to examine distance learning has been hampered by a lack of theoretical models. This article introduces the Community of Inquiry model for use in nurse anesthesia education. This model has been used for more than a decade to guide and research distance learning in higher education. A major strength of this model learning. However, it lacks applicability to the development of higher order thinking for student registered nurse anesthetists. Thus, a new derived Community of Inquiry model was designed to improve these students' higher order thinking in distance learning. The derived model integrates Bloom's revised taxonomy into the original Community of Inquiry model and provides a means to design, evaluate, and research higher order thinking in nurse anesthesia distance education courses.

  7. Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) Modeling System for Air Quality Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    CMAQ simultaneously models multiple air pollutants including ozone, particulate matter and a variety of air toxics to help air quality managers determine the best air quality management scenarios for their communities, regions and states.

  8. A predictive model of community assembly that incorporates intraspecific trait variation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laughlin, Daniel C; Joshi, Chaitanya; van Bodegom, Peter M; Bastow, Zachary A; Fulé, Peter Z

    2012-11-01

    Community assembly involves two antagonistic processes that select functional traits in opposite directions. Environmental filtering tends to increase the functional similarity of species within communities leading to trait convergence, whereas competition tends to limit the functional similarity of species within communities leading to trait divergence. Here, we introduce a new hierarchical Bayesian model that incorporates intraspecific trait variation into a predictive framework to unify classic coexistence theory and evolutionary biology with recent trait-based approaches. Model predictions exhibited a significant positive correlation (r = 0.66) with observed relative abundances along a 10 °C gradient in mean annual temperature. The model predicted the correct dominant species in half of the plots, and accurately reproduced species' temperature optimums. The framework is generalizable to any ecosystem as it can accommodate any species pool, any set of functional traits and multiple environmental gradients, and it eliminates some of the criticisms associated with recent trait-based community assembly models.

  9. Analyzing the Changes in Online Community based on Topic Model and Self-Organizing Map

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanh Ho

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a new model for two purposes: (1 discovering communities of users on social networks via topics with the temporal factor and (2 analyzing the changes in interested topics and users in communities in each period of time. This model, we use Kohonen network (Self-Organizing Map combining with the topic model. After discovering communities, results are shown on output layers of Kohonen. Based on the output layer of Kohonen, we focus on analyzing the changes in interested topics and users in online communities. Experimenting the proposed model with 194 online users and 20 topics. These topics are detected from a set of Vietnamese texts on social networks in the higher education field.

  10. Conceptualising a model to guide nursing and midwifery in the community guided by an evidence review

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Patricia Leahy-Warren; Helen Mulcahy; Lazelle Benefield; Colin Bradley; Alice Coffey; Ann Donohoe; Serena Fitzgerald; Tim Frawley; Elizabeth Healy; Maria Healy; Marcella Kelly; Bernard McCarthy; Kathleen McLoughlin; Catherine Meagher; Rhona OConnell; Aoife OMahony

    2017-01-01

    Background Successful models of nursing and midwifery in the community delivering healthcare throughout the lifespan and across a health and illness continuum are limited, yet necessary to guide global health services...

  11. Virtual Community Life Cycle: a Model to Develop Systems with Fluid Requirements

    OpenAIRE

    El Morr, Christo; Maret, Pierre de; Rioux, Marcia; Dinca-Panaitescu, Mihaela; Subercaze, Julien

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports the results of an investigation into the life cycle model needed to develop information systems for group of people with fluid requirements. For this purpose, we developed a modified spiral model and applied to the analysis, design and implementation of a virtual community for a group of researchers and organizations that collaborated in a research project and had changing system requirements? The virtual knowledge community was dedicated to support mobilization and dissemi...

  12. Improvements on the ice cloud modeling capabilities of the Community Radiative Transfer Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Bingqi; Yang, Ping; Liu, Quanhua; Delst, Paul; Boukabara, Sid-Ahmed; Weng, Fuzhong

    2016-11-01

    Noticeable improvements on the ice cloud modeling capabilities of the Community Radiative Transfer Model (CRTM) are reported, which are based on the most recent advances in understanding ice cloud microphysical (particularly, ice particle habit/shape characteristics) and optical properties. The new CRTM ice cloud model is derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) collection 6 ice cloud habit model, which represents ice particles as severely roughened hexagonal ice column aggregates with a gamma size distribution. The single-scattering properties of the new ice particle model are derived from a state-of-the-art ice optical property library and are constructed as look-up tables for rapid CRTM computations. Various sensitivity studies concerning instrument-specific applications and simulations are performed to validate CRTM against satellite observations. In particular, radiances in a spectral region covering the infrared wavelengths are simulated. Comparisons of brightness temperatures between CRTM simulations and observations (from MODIS, the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder, and the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit) show that the new ice cloud optical property look-up table substantially enhances the performance of the CRTM under ice cloud conditions.

  13. Thermosphere Extension of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-04

    D) chemical transport Model for Ozone and Related chemical Tracers ( MOZART ) [Brasseur et al., 1998; Hauglustaine et al., 1998; Horowitz et al., 2003...Muller, C. Granier, and X.‐X. Tie (1998), MOZART : A global chemical trans- port model for ozone and related chemical tracers: 1. Model description, J...F. Muller, L. K. Emmons, and M. A. Carroll (1998), MOZART : A global chemical transport model for ozone and related chemical tracers: 2. Model results

  14. Evaluation of the Community Multiscale Air Quality model version 5.1

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Community Multiscale Air Quality model is a state-of-the-science air quality model that simulates the emission, transport and fate of numerous air pollutants, including ozone and particulate matter. The Atmospheric Modeling and Analysis Division (AMAD) of the U.S. Environment...

  15. mizer: an R package for multispecies, trait-based and community size spectrum ecological modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scott, Finlay; Blanchard, Julia L.; Andersen, Ken Haste

    2014-01-01

    1. Size spectrum ecological models are representations of a community of individuals which grow and change trophic level. A key emergent feature of these models is the size spectrum; the total abundance of all individuals that scales negatively with size. The models we focus on are designed...

  16. Graduate health professions education: an interdisciplinary university - community partnership model 1996 - 2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Deborah; Behringer, Bruce; Smith, Patricia; Townsend, Tom; Wachs, Joy; Stanifer, Larry; Goodrow, Bruce

    2003-07-01

    In 1996, East Tennessee State University (ETSU) reinforced its historical commitment to multidisciplinary community engagement by developing a graduate level community partnerships program in the Division of Health Sciences. While the university's earlier health partnership efforts relied primarily on curricular innovation, the approach to graduate health professions education was to seed a series of curricular enhancements and interdisciplinary, community-based learning experiences and service into traditional curricula. This paper presents the experience of one school in crafting a regional network that became the basis of a division-wide graduate level teaching and learning initiative. Carefully selected planning and implementation techniques enabled multidisciplinary practitioners and community members from across a 20-county region to participate with university faculty in training ETSU learners in community-based medical care. By year four of the project, curricular "enhancements" were institutionalized in over five departments across the Division and engaged 1160 medical residents and graduate learners in a give - get model of health education. Programme evaluation methodology was collaboratively defined and documentation of programme effort and outcomes regularly reported and strategically reviewed. Programme evaluation demonstrates mutual benefit to community and university. Faculty involvement in programme activity increased fourfold and community involvement in training of health professions graduate learners increased threefold by year four. Educational innovations were adopted into traditional curricula, thousands of hours of clinical services were provided to underserved communities and the university-community team forged by network links continues to promote multidisciplinary interests through joint public policy endeavors.

  17. Effects of lower trophic level biomass and water temperature on fish communities: A modelling study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guiet, Jérôme; Aumont, Olivier; Poggiale, Jean-Christophe; Maury, Olivier

    2016-08-01

    Physical and biogeochemical changes of the oceans have complex influences on fish communities. Variations of resource and temperature affect metabolic rates at the individual level, biomass fluxes at the species level, and trophic structure as well as diversity at the community level. We use a Dynamic Energy Budget-, trait-based model of the consumers' community size-spectrum to assess the effects of lower trophic level biomass and water temperature on communities at steady state. First, we look at the stressors separately in idealized simulations, varying one while the second remains constant. A multi-domain response is observed. Linked to the number of trophic levels sustained in the consumers' community, the regimes highlighted present similar properties when lower trophic level biomass is increased or temperature decreased. These trophic-length domains correspond to different efficiencies of the transfer of biomass from small to large individuals. They are characterized by different sensitivities of fish communities to environmental changes. Moreover, differences in the scaling of individuals' metabolism and prey assimilation with temperature lead to a shrinking of fish communities with warming. In a second step, we look at the impact of simultaneous variations of stressors along a mean latitudinal gradient of lower trophic level biomass and temperature. The model explains known observed features of global marine ecosystems such as the fact that larger species compose fish communities when latitude increases. The structure, diversity and metabolic properties of fish communities obtained with the model at different latitudes are interpreted in light of the different trophic-length domains characterized in the idealized experiments. From the equator to the poles, the structure of consumers' communities is predicted to be heterogeneous, with variable sensitivities to environmental changes.

  18. Exploring Social Quality and Community Health Outcomes: An Ecological Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Minsoo

    2015-01-01

    Quality of life is widely used as a measure of individual well-being in developed countries. Social quality (SQ), however, describes how favorable the socioenvironmental components are that impact the life chance of an individual. Despite the associations between SQ, including institutional capacity and citizen capacity, and other community indicators, the impact of SQ on community health status has not been fully examined. This study investigated the interrelationships among institutional capacity, citizen capacity, and their associations with community-level health indicators such as mortality and suicide among 230 local governments in South Korea. Under the principles of conceptual suitability, clarity, reliability, consistency, changeability, and comparability, a total of 81 SQ indicators were collected, and 19 indicators of the 81 indicators were selected. The 19 indicators were transformed by the imputation of missing values, standardization, and geographic information system transformation. It was found that the health outcome of local government was superior as social welfare, political participation, and education were higher. According to the result of the regression analysis based on the regional type, social welfare had the most influence on the health level of local government in both metropolises and small-/medium-sized cities. In addition, education and political participation had a positive effect on the health indicator of local metropolis government. However, SQ indicators did not have any meaningful influence at the county level. Therefore, small- and medium-sized cities need to promote the collective health of the local government through improving social welfare, and metropolises need to consider the complex relationship among other indicators while increasing the level of social welfare and education. Meanwhile, counties need to develop health indicators that reflect aged population characteristics and social environment of rural areas

  19. Development of hybrid 3-D hydrological modeling for the NCAR Community Earth System Model (CESM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeng, Xubin [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Troch, Peter [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Pelletier, Jon [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Niu, Guo-Yue [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Gochis, David [NCAR Research Applications (RAL), Boulder, CO (United States)

    2015-11-15

    This is the Final Report of our four-year (3-year plus one-year no cost extension) collaborative project between the University of Arizona (UA) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The overall objective of our project is to develop and evaluate the first hybrid 3-D hydrological model with a horizontal grid spacing of 1 km for the NCAR Community Earth System Model (CESM). We have made substantial progress in model development and evaluation, computational efficiencies and software engineering, and data development and evaluation, as discussed in Sections 2-4. Section 5 presents our success in data dissemination, while Section 6 discusses the scientific impacts of our work. Section 7 discusses education and mentoring success of our project, while Section 8 lists our relevant DOE services. All peer-reviewed papers that acknowledged this project are listed in Section 9. Highlights of our achievements include: • We have finished 20 papers (most published already) on model development and evaluation, computational efficiencies and software engineering, and data development and evaluation • The global datasets developed under this project have been permanently archived and publicly available • Some of our research results have already been implemented in WRF and CLM • Patrick Broxton and Michael Brunke have received their Ph.D. • PI Zeng has served on DOE proposal review panels and DOE lab scientific focus area (SFA) review panels

  20. Density-based rough set model for hesitant node clustering in overlapping community detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Wang; Jiaxu Peng; Ou Liu

    2014-01-01

    Overlapping community detection in a network is a chal enging issue which attracts lots of attention in recent years. A notion of hesitant node (HN) is proposed. An HN contacts with multiple communities while the communications are not strong or even accidental, thus the HN holds an implicit community structure. However, HNs are not rare in the real world network. It is impor-tant to identify them because they can be efficient hubs which form the overlapping portions of communities or simple attached nodes to some communities. Current approaches have difficul-ties in identifying and clustering HNs. A density-based rough set model (DBRSM) is proposed by combining the virtue of density-based algorithms and rough set models. It incorporates the macro perspective of the community structure of the whole network and the micro perspective of the local information held by HNs, which would facilitate the further“growth”of HNs in community. We offer a theoretical support for this model from the point of strength of the trust path. The experiments on the real-world and synthetic datasets show the practical significance of analyzing and cluste-ring the HNs based on DBRSM. Besides, the clustering based on DBRSM promotes the modularity optimization.

  1. A Comparative Analysis of Community Wind Power DevelopmentModels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Wind, Tom; Juhl, Dan; Grace, Robert; West, Peter

    2005-05-20

    For years, farmers in the United States have looked with envy on their European counterparts ability to profitably farm the wind through ownership of distributed, utility-scale wind projects. Only within the past few years, however, has farmer- or community-owned windpower development become a reality in the United States. The primary hurdle to this type of development in the United States has been devising and implementing suitable business and legal structures that enable such projects to take advantage of tax-based federal incentives for windpower. This article discusses the limitations of such incentives in supporting farmer- or community-owned wind projects, describes four ownership structures that potentially overcome such limitations, and finally conducts comparative financial analysis on those four structures, using as an example a hypothetical 1.5 MW farmer-owned project located in the state of Oregon. We find that material differences in the competitiveness of each structure do exist, but that choosing the best structure for a given project will largely depend on the conditions at hand; e.g., the ability of the farmer(s) to utilize tax credits, preference for individual versus cooperative ownership, and the state and utility service territory in which the project will be located.

  2. Comparative analysis of model assessment in community detection

    CERN Document Server

    Kawamoto, Tatsuro

    2016-01-01

    Bayesian cluster inference with a flexible generative model allows us to detect various types of structures. However, it has problems stemming from computational complexity and difficulties in model assessment. We consider the stochastic block model with restricted hyperparameter space, which is known to correspond to modularity maximization. We show that it not only reduces computational complexity, but is also beneficial for model assessment. Using various criteria, we conduct a comparative analysis of the model assessments, and analyze whether each criterion tends to overfit or underfit. We also show that the learning of hyperparameters leads to qualitative differences in Bethe free energy and cross-validation errors.

  3. Community Detection Algorithm Combining Stochastic Block Model and Attribute Data Clustering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataoka, Shun; Kobayashi, Takuto; Yasuda, Muneki; Tanaka, Kazuyuki

    2016-11-01

    We propose a new algorithm to detect the community structure in a network that utilizes both the network structure and vertex attribute data. Suppose we have the network structure together with the vertex attribute data, that is, the information assigned to each vertex associated with the community to which it belongs. The problem addressed this paper is the detection of the community structure from the information of both the network structure and the vertex attribute data. Our approach is based on the Bayesian approach that models the posterior probability distribution of the community labels. The detection of the community structure in our method is achieved by using belief propagation and an EM algorithm. We numerically verified the performance of our method using computer-generated networks and real-world networks.

  4. Community Detection Algorithm Combining Stochastic Block Model and Attribute Data Clustering

    CERN Document Server

    Kataoka, Shun; Yasuda, Muneki; Tanaka, Kazuyuki

    2016-01-01

    We propose a new algorithm to detect the community structure in a network that utilizes both the network structure and vertex attribute data. Suppose we have the network structure together with the vertex attribute data, that is, the information assigned to each vertex associated with the community to which it belongs. The problem addressed this paper is the detection of the community structure from the information of both the network structure and the vertex attribute data. Our approach is based on the Bayesian approach that models the posterior probability distribution of the community labels. The detection of the community structure in our method is achieved by using belief propagation and an EM algorithm. We numerically verified the performance of our method using computer-generated networks and real-world networks.

  5. Community-integrated brain injury rehabilitation: Treatment models and challenges for civilian, military, and veteran populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trudel, Tina M; Nidiffer, F Don; Barth, Jeffrey T

    2007-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem in civilian, military, and veteran populations. Individuals experiencing moderate to severe TBI require a continuum of care involving acute hospitalization and postacute rehabilitation, including community reintegration and, one would hope, a return home to function as a productive member of the community. In the military, the goal is to help individuals with TBI return to active duty or make an optimal return to civilian life if the extent of their injuries necessitates a "medical board" discharge. Whether civilian, military, or veteran with TBI, individuals who move beyond the need to live in a facility must be reintegrated back into the community. This article discusses four treatment models for community reintegration, reviews treatment standardization and outcome issues, and describes a manualized rehabilitation pilot program designed to provide community reintegration and return to duty/work for civilians, veterans, and military personnel with TBI.

  6. Sensitivity of ecosystem models to the spatial resolution of the NCAR Community Climate Model CCM2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ciret, C. [Macquarie Univ., Sydney (Australia). Climate Impacts Centre; Henderson-Sellers, A. [Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne (Australia)

    1998-06-01

    This study evaluates the sensitivity of ecosystem models to changes in the horizontal resolution of version 2 of the national centre for atmospheric research community climate model (CCM2). A previous study has shown that the distributions of natural ecosystems predicted by vegetation models using coarse resolution present-day climate simulations are poorly simulated. It is usually assumed that increasing the spatial resolution of general circulation models (GCMs) will improve the simulation of climate, and hence will increase our level of confidence in the use of GCM output for impacts studies. The principal goals of this study is to investigate this hypothesis and to identify which biomes are more affected by the changes in spatial resolution of the forcing climate. The ecosystem models used are the BIOME-1 model and a version of the Holdridge scheme. The climate simulations come from a set of experiments in which CCM2 was run with increasing horizontal resolutions. The biome distributions predicted using CCM2 climates are compared against biome distributions predicted using observed climate datasets. Results show that increasing the resolution of CCM2 produces a significant improvement of the global-scale vegetation prediction, indicating that a higher level of confidence can be vested in the global-scale prediction of natural ecosystems using medium and high resolution GCMs. However, not all biomes are equally affected by the increased spatial resolution, and although certain biome distributions are improved (e.g. hot desert, tropical seasonal forest), others remain globally poorly predicted even at high resolution (e.g. grasses and xerophytic woods). In addition, these results show that some climatic biases are enhanced with increasing resolution (e.g. in mountain ranges), resulting in the inadequate prediction of biomes. (orig.) With 16 figs., 5 tabs., 37 refs.

  7. Modelling Vulnerability and Range Shifts in Ant Communities Responding to Future Global Warming in Temperate Forests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Tae-Sung; Li, Fengqing; Kim, Sung-Soo; Chun, Jung Hwa; Park, Young-Seuk

    2016-01-01

    Global warming is likely leading to species' distributional shifts, resulting in changes in local community compositions and diversity patterns. In this study, we applied species distribution models to evaluate the potential impacts of temperature increase on ant communities in Korean temperate forests, by testing hypotheses that 1) the risk of extinction of forest ant species would increase over time, and 2) the changes in species distribution ranges could drive upward movements of ant communities and further alter patterns of species richness. We sampled ant communities at 335 evenly distributed sites across South Korea and modelled the future distribution range for each species using generalized additive models. To account for spatial autocorrelation, autocovariate regressions were conducted prior to generalized additive models. Among 29 common ant species, 12 species were estimated to shrink their suitable geographic areas, whereas five species would benefit from future global warming. Species richness was highest at low altitudes in the current period, and it was projected to be highest at the mid-altitudes in the 2080s, resulting in an upward movement of 4.9 m yr-1. This altered the altitudinal pattern of species richness from a monotonic-decrease curve (common in temperate regions) to a bell-shaped curve (common in tropical regions). Overall, ant communities in temperate forests are vulnerable to the on-going global warming and their altitudinal movements are similar to other faunal communities.

  8. Communities ready for takeoffIntegrating social assets for biofuel site-selection modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rijkhoff, Sanne A M; Hoard, Season A; Gaffney, Michael J; Smith, Paul M

    2017-01-01

    Although much of the social science literature supports the importance of community assets for success in many policy areas, these assets are often overlooked when selecting communities for new infrastructure facilities. Extensive collaboration is crucial for the success of environmental and economic projects, yet it often is not adequately addressed when making siting decisions for new projects. This article develops a social asset framework that includes social, creative, and human capital to inform site-selection decisions. This framework is applied to the Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance project to assess community suitability for biofuel-related developments. This framework is the first to take all necessary community assets into account, providing insight into successful site selection beyond current models. The framework not only serves as a model for future biorefinery projects but also guides tasks that depend on informed location selection for success.

  9. An individual-based predator-prey model for biological coevolution: Fluctuations, stability, and community structure

    CERN Document Server

    Rikvold, Per Arne

    2007-01-01

    We study an individual-based predator-prey model of biological coevolution, using linear stability analysis and large-scale kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. The model exhibits approximate 1/f noise in diversity and population-size fluctuations, and it generates a sequence of quasi-steady communities in the form of simple food webs. These communities are quite resilient toward the loss of one or a few species, which is reflected in different power-law exponents for the durations of communities and the lifetimes of species. The exponent for the former is near -1, while the latter is close to -2. Statistical characteristics of the evolving communities, including degree (predator and prey) distributions and proportions of basal, intermediate, and top species, compare reasonably with data for real food webs.

  10. A thermal flux-diffusing model for complex networks and its applications in community structure detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yi

    2013-05-01

    We introduce a thermal flux-diffusing model for complex networks. Based on this model, we propose a physical method to detect the communities in the complex networks. The method allows us to obtain the temperature distribution of nodes in time that scales linearly with the network size. Then, the local community enclosing a given node can be easily detected for the reason that the dense connections in the local communities lead to the temperatures of nodes in the same community being close to each other. The community structure of a network can be recursively detected by randomly choosing the nodes outside the detected local communities. In the experiments, we apply our method to a set of benchmarking networks with known pre-determined community structures. The experiment results show that our method has higher accuracy and precision than most existing globe methods and is better than the other existing local methods in the selection of the initial node. Finally, several real-world networks are investigated.

  11. Community Hospitals in Selected High Income Countries: A Scoping Review of Approaches and Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleanor M Winpenny

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is no single definition of a community hospital in the UK, despite its long history. We sought to understand the nature and scope of service provision in community hospitals, within the UK and other high-income countries. Methods: We undertook a scoping review of literature on community hospitals published from 2005 to 2014. Data were extracted on features of the hospital model and the services provided, with results presented as a narrative synthesis. Results: 75 studies were included from ten countries. Community hospitals provide a wide range of services, with wide diversity of provision appearing to reflect local needs. Community hospitals are staffed by a mixture of general practitioners (GPs, nurses, allied health professionals and healthcare assistants. We found many examples of collaborative working arrangements between community hospitals and other health care organisations, including colocation of services, shared workforce with primary care and close collaboration with acute specialists. Conclusions: Community hospitals are able to provide a diverse range of services, responding to geographical and health system contexts. Their collaborative nature may be particularly important in the design of future models of care delivery, where emphasis is placed on integration of care with a key focus on patient-centred care.

  12. Inverse modeling of hydrologic parameters using surface flux and runoff observations in the Community Land Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Sun

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study demonstrates the possibility of inverting hydrologic parameters using surface flux and runoff observations in version 4 of the Community Land Model (CLM4. Previous studies showed that surface flux and runoff calculations are sensitive to major hydrologic parameters in CLM4 over different watersheds, and illustrated the necessity and possibility of parameter calibration. Two inversion strategies, the deterministic least-square fitting and stochastic Markov-Chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC Bayesian inversion approaches, are evaluated by applying them to CLM4 at selected sites. The unknowns to be estimated include surface and subsurface runoff generation parameters and vadose zone soil water parameters. We find that using model parameters calibrated by the least-square fitting provides little improvements in the model simulations but the sampling-based stochastic inversion approaches are consistent – as more information comes in, the predictive intervals of the calibrated parameters become narrower and the misfits between the calculated and observed responses decrease. In general, parameters that are identified to be significant through sensitivity analyses and statistical tests are better calibrated than those with weak or nonlinear impacts on flux or runoff observations. Temporal resolution of observations has larger impacts on the results of inverse modeling using heat flux data than runoff data. Soil and vegetation cover have important impacts on parameter sensitivities, leading to different patterns of posterior distributions of parameters at different sites. Overall, the MCMC-Bayesian inversion approach effectively and reliably improves the simulation of CLM under different climates and environmental conditions. Bayesian model averaging of the posterior estimates with different reference acceptance probabilities can smooth the posterior distribution and provide more reliable parameter estimates, but at the expense of wider uncertainty

  13. Stochiometry, Microbial community composition and decomposition, a modelling analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berninger, Frank; Zhou, Xuan; Aaltonen, Heidi; Köster, Kajar; Heinonsalo, Jussi; Pumpanen, Jukka

    2017-04-01

    Enzyme activity based litter decomposition models describe the decomposition of soil organic matter as a function of microbial biomass and its activity. In these models, decomposition depends largely on microbial and litter stoïchiometry. We, used the model of Schimel and Weintraub (Soil Biology & Biochemistry 35 (2003) 549-563 largely relying on the modification of Waring B et al. Ecology Letters, (2013) 16: 887-894) and we modified the model to include bacteria, fungi and mycorrizal fungi as decomposer groups assuming different stochiometries. The model was tested against previously published data from a fire chronosequence from northern Finland. The model reconstructed well the development of soil organic matter, microbial biomasses, enzyme actitivies with time after fire. In a theoretical model analysis we tried to understand how the exchange of carbon and nitrogen between mycorrhiza and the plant as different litter stoïchiometries interact. The results indicate that if a high percentage of fungal N uptake is transferred to the plant mycorrhizal biomass will decrease drastically and does decrease, due to low mycorrhizal biomasses, the N uptake of plants. If a lower proportion of the fungal N uptake is transferred to the plant the N uptake of the plants is reasonable stable while the proportion of mycorrhiza of the total fungal biomass varies. The model is also able to simulate priming of soil organic matter decomposition.

  14. Development and Applications of the Community Ice Sheet Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffman, Matthew J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lipscomb, William H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Price, Stephen F. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Johnson, Jesse [University of Montana; Sacks, William [National Center for Atmospheric Research

    2012-07-23

    The initial goals of the project are: (1) create a model for land ice that includes relevant and necessary dynamics, physical processes, and couplings; and (2) apply that model to say something more substantial about SLR in Lme for IPCC AR5 (AR6?).

  15. Study of biological communities subject to imperfect detection: Bias and precision of community N-mixture abundance models in small-sample situations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaura, Yuichi; Kery, Marc; Royle, Andy

    2016-01-01

    Community N-mixture abundance models for replicated counts provide a powerful and novel framework for drawing inferences related to species abundance within communities subject to imperfect detection. To assess the performance of these models, and to compare them to related community occupancy models in situations with marginal information, we used simulation to examine the effects of mean abundance (λ¯: 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5), detection probability (p¯: 0.1, 0.2, 0.5), and number of sampling sites (n site : 10, 20, 40) and visits (n visit : 2, 3, 4) on the bias and precision of species-level parameters (mean abundance and covariate effect) and a community-level parameter (species richness). Bias and imprecision of estimates decreased when any of the four variables (λ¯, p¯, n site , n visit ) increased. Detection probability p¯ was most important for the estimates of mean abundance, while λ¯ was most influential for covariate effect and species richness estimates. For all parameters, increasing n site was more beneficial than increasing n visit . Minimal conditions for obtaining adequate performance of community abundance models were n site  ≥ 20, p¯ ≥ 0.2, and λ¯ ≥ 0.5. At lower abundance, the performance of community abundance and community occupancy models as species richness estimators were comparable. We then used additive partitioning analysis to reveal that raw species counts can overestimate β diversity both of species richness and the Shannon index, while community abundance models yielded better estimates. Community N-mixture abundance models thus have great potential for use with community ecology or conservation applications provided that replicated counts are available.

  16. APPLICATION OF THE MODELS-3 COMMUNITY MULTI-SCALE AIR QUALITY (CMAQ) MODEL SYSTEM TO SOS/NASHVILLE 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Models-3 Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) model, first released by the USEPA in 1999 (Byun and Ching. 1999), continues to be developed and evaluated. The principal components of the CMAQ system include a comprehensive emission processor known as the Sparse Matrix O...

  17. Null Models for Everyone: A Two-Step Approach to Teaching Null Model Analysis of Biological Community Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCabe, Declan J.; Knight, Evelyn J.

    2016-01-01

    Since being introduced by Connor and Simberloff in response to Diamond's assembly rules, null model analysis has been a controversial tool in community ecology. Despite being commonly used in the primary literature, null model analysis has not featured prominently in general textbooks. Complexity of approaches along with difficulty in interpreting…

  18. Self-optimization, community stability, and fluctuations in two individual-based models of biological coevolution

    CERN Document Server

    Rikvold, Per Arne

    2007-01-01

    We compare and contrast the long-time dynamical properties of two individual-based models of biological coevolution. Selection occurs via multispecies, stochastic population dynamics with reproduction probabilities that depend nonlinearly on the population densities of all species resident in the community. New species are introduced through mutation. Both models are amenable to exact linear stability analysis, and we compare the analytic results with large-scale kinetic Monte Carlo simulations, obtaining the population size as a function of an average interspecies interaction strength. Over time, the models self-optimize through mutation and selection to approximately maximize a community fitness function, subject only to constraints internal to the particular model. If the interspecies interactions are randomly distributed on an interval including positive values, the system evolves toward self-sustaining, mutualistic communities. In contrast, for the predator-prey case the matrix of interactions is antisym...

  19. Co-management: transformation of community affair model in Chinese nature reserves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGMing-hai; WANGShuang-ling

    2004-01-01

    This article analyzes the application of co-management in establishing and zoning nature reserves, explains two types of participatory models, explains the main content and steps required to implement a co-management program, and suggests future direction of co-management. In China, great progress has been achieved since 1956 when the first nature reserve was established. However, conflicts between nature reserve officials and community members, and differences between conservation and utilization of natural resources suggest that the traditional community affair model is unfit to some degree. A more workable and economically sustainable model is recommended. Co-management appears to be the preferred management model. International conservation organizations have carried out projects in Chinese nature reserves in recent years, and co-management is thought to be an effective approach to resolve conflicts coming from community and to improve nature reserves management.

  20. Clustering drug-drug interaction networks with energy model layouts: community analysis and drug repurposing

    OpenAIRE

    Lucreţia Udrescu; Laura Sbârcea; Alexandru Topîrceanu; Alexandru Iovanovici; Ludovic Kurunczi; Paul Bogdan; Mihai Udrescu

    2016-01-01

    Analyzing drug-drug interactions may unravel previously unknown drug action patterns, leading to the development of new drug discovery tools. We present a new approach to analyzing drug-drug interaction networks, based on clustering and topological community detection techniques that are specific to complex network science. Our methodology uncovers functional drug categories along with the intricate relationships between them. Using modularity-based and energy-model layout community detection...

  1. Characterization and modelling of interspecies electron transfer mechanisms and microbial community dynamics of a syntrophic association

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nagarajan, Harish; Embree, Mallory; Rotaru, Amelia-Elena

    2013-01-01

    Syntrophic associations are central to microbial communities and thus have a fundamental role in the global carbon cycle. Despite biochemical approaches describing the physiological activity of these communities, there has been a lack of a mechanistic understanding of the relationship between...... metallireducens and Geobacter sulfurreducens. Genome-scale modelling of direct interspecies electron transfer reveals insights into the energetics of electron transfer mechanisms. While G. sulfurreducens adapts to rapid syntrophic growth by changes at the genomic and transcriptomic level, G. metallireducens...

  2. Flocculation, Optics and Turbulence in the Community Sediment Transport Model System: Application of Oasis Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-30

    1 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Flocculation , Optics and Turbulence in the Community...www.phys.ocean.dal.ca/~phill LONG-TERM GOALS The goal of this research is to develop greater understanding of how the flocculation of fine-grained sediment...COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Flocculation , Optics and Turbulence in the Community Sediment Transport Model System: Application of Oasis

  3. Flocculation, Optics and Turbulence in the Community Sediment Transport Model System: Applications of Oasis Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    1 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Flocculation , Optics and Turbulence in the Community...www.phys.ocean.dal.ca/~phill LONG-TERM GOALS The goal of this research is to develop greater understanding of how the flocculation of fine-grained...DATES COVERED 00-00-2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Flocculation , Optics and Turbulence in the Community Sediment Transport Model System

  4. A logic model for community engagement within the Clinical and Translational Science Awards consortium: can we measure what we model?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eder, Milton Mickey; Carter-Edwards, Lori; Hurd, Thelma C; Rumala, Bernice B; Wallerstein, Nina

    2013-10-01

    The Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) initiative calls on academic health centers to engage communities around a clinical research relationship measured ultimately in terms of public health. Among a few initiatives involving university accountability for advancing public interests, a small CTSA workgroup devised a community engagement (CE) logic model that organizes common activities within a university-community infrastructure to facilitate CE in research. Whereas the model focuses on the range of institutional CE inputs, it purposefully does not include an approach for assessing how CE influences research implementation and outcomes. Rather, with communities and individuals beginning to transition into new research roles, this article emphasizes studying CE through specific relationship types and assessing how expanded research teams contribute to the full spectrum of translational science.The authors propose a typology consisting of three relationship types-engagement, collaboration, and shared leadership-to provide a foundation for investigating community-academic contributions to the new CTSA research paradigm. The typology shifts attention from specific community-academic activities and, instead, encourages analyses focused on measuring the strength of relationships through variables like synergy and trust. The collaborative study of CE relationships will inform an understanding of CTSA infrastructure development in support of translational research and its goal, which is expressed in the logic model: better science, better answers, better population health.

  5. A hierarchical community occurrence model for North Carolina stream fish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Midway, S.R.; Wagner, Tyler; Tracy, B.H.

    2016-01-01

    The southeastern USA is home to one of the richest—and most imperiled and threatened—freshwater fish assemblages in North America. For many of these rare and threatened species, conservation efforts are often limited by a lack of data. Drawing on a unique and extensive data set spanning over 20 years, we modeled occurrence probabilities of 126 stream fish species sampled throughout North Carolina, many of which occur more broadly in the southeastern USA. Specifically, we developed species-specific occurrence probabilities from hierarchical Bayesian multispecies models that were based on common land use and land cover covariates. We also used index of biotic integrity tolerance classifications as a second level in the model hierarchy; we identify this level as informative for our work, but it is flexible for future model applications. Based on the partial-pooling property of the models, we were able to generate occurrence probabilities for many imperiled and data-poor species in addition to highlighting a considerable amount of occurrence heterogeneity that supports species-specific investigations whenever possible. Our results provide critical species-level information on many threatened and imperiled species as well as information that may assist with re-evaluation of existing management strategies, such as the use of surrogate species. Finally, we highlight the use of a relatively simple hierarchical model that can easily be generalized for similar situations in which conventional models fail to provide reliable estimates for data-poor groups.

  6. A Community of Practice Model for Introducing Mobile Tablets to University Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drouin, Michelle; Vartanian, Lesa Rae; Birk, Samantha

    2014-01-01

    We examined the effectiveness of a community of practice (CoP) model for introducing tablets to 139 faculty members at a higher education institution. Using a CoP within a systems model, we used large- and small-group mentorship to foster collaboration among faculty members. Most faculty members agreed that the project was well organized and…

  7. A Model for Building School-Family-Community Partnerships: Principles and Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Julia; Henry, Lynette

    2012-01-01

    The extant literature documents the importance of school counselors' roles in school-family-community partnerships, yet no model exists to guide school counselors through the process of building partnerships. The authors propose a model to help school counselors navigate the process and principles of partnerships. They define partnerships; discuss…

  8. Incremental Testing of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Modeling System Version 4.7

    Science.gov (United States)

    This paper describes the scientific and structural updates to the latest release of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modeling system version 4.7 (v4.7) and points the reader to additional resources for further details. The model updates were evaluated relative to obse...

  9. The Learning Circle: A New Model of BSW Education for Alberta's Rural, Remote, and Aboriginal Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zapf, M. K.; Bastien, B.; Bodor, R.; Carriere, J.; Pelech, W.

    In 1998, a consortium including the University of Calgary (Alberta) and representatives from social service agencies and Native organizations developed a Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) model for delivery in rural, remote, and Aboriginal communities. The model called for innovative course content that was culturally and geographically relevant to…

  10. Exploring, exploiting and evolving diversity of aquatic ecosystem models: a community perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, Annette B.G.; Arhonditsis, George B.; Beusen, Arthur; Bolding, Karsten; Bruce, Louise; Bruggeman, Jorn; Couture, Raoul-Marie; Downing, Andrea S.; Alex Elliott, J.; Frassl, Marieke A.; Gal, Gideon; Gerla, Daan J.; Hipsey, Matthew R.; Hu, Fenjuan; Ives, Stephen C.; Janse, Jan H.; Jeppesen, Erik; Jöhnk, Klaus D.; Kneis, David; Kong, Xiangshen; Kuiper, Jan J.; Lehmann, Moritz K.; Lemmen, Carsten; Özkundakci, Deniz; Petzoldt, Thomas; Rinke, Karsten; Robson, Barbara J.; Sachse, Rene; Schep, Sebastiaan A.; Schmid, Martin; Scholten, Huub; Teurlincx, Sven; Trolle, Dennis; Troost, Tineke A.; Van Dam, Anne A.; Van Gerven, Luuk P.A.; Weijerman, Mariska; Wells, Scott A.; Mooij, Wolf M.

    2015-01-01

    Here, we present a community perspective on how to explore, exploit and evolve the diversity in aquatic ecosystem models. These models play an important role in understanding the functioning of aquatic ecosystems, filling in observation gaps and developing effective strategies for water quality mana

  11. Clay Modeling as a Method to Learn Human Muscles: A Community College Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motoike, Howard K.; O'Kane, Robyn L.; Lenchner, Erez; Haspel, Carol

    2009-01-01

    The efficacy of clay modeling compared with cat dissection for human muscle identification was examined over two semesters at LaGuardia Community College in Queens, NY. The 181 students in 10 sections in this study were randomly distributed into control (cat dissection) and experimental (clay modeling) groups, and the results of the muscle…

  12. Applying Critical Race Theory to Group Model Building Methods to Address Community Violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frerichs, Leah; Lich, Kristen Hassmiller; Funchess, Melanie; Burrell, Marcus; Cerulli, Catherine; Bedell, Precious; White, Ann Marie

    2016-01-01

    Group model building (GMB) is an approach to building qualitative and quantitative models with stakeholders to learn about the interrelationships among multilevel factors causing complex public health problems over time. Scant literature exists on adapting this method to address public health issues that involve racial dynamics. This study's objectives are to (1) introduce GMB methods, (2) present a framework for adapting GMB to enhance cultural responsiveness, and (3) describe outcomes of adapting GMB to incorporate differences in racial socialization during a community project seeking to understand key determinants of community violence transmission. An academic-community partnership planned a 1-day session with diverse stakeholders to explore the issue of violence using GMB. We documented key questions inspired by critical race theory (CRT) and adaptations to established GMB "scripts" (i.e., published facilitation instructions). The theory's emphasis on experiential knowledge led to a narrative-based facilitation guide from which participants created causal loop diagrams. These early diagrams depict how violence is transmitted and how communities respond, based on participants' lived experiences and mental models of causation that grew to include factors associated with race. Participants found these methods useful for advancing difficult discussion. The resulting diagrams can be tested and expanded in future research, and will form the foundation for collaborative identification of solutions to build community resilience. GMB is a promising strategy that community partnerships should consider when addressing complex health issues; our experience adapting methods based on CRT is promising in its acceptability and early system insights.

  13. A fuzzy TOPSIS model to evaluate the Business Intelligence competencies of Port Community Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghazanfari Mehdi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation of the Business Intelligence (BI competencies of port community systems before they are bought and deployed is a vital importance for establishment of a decision-support environment for managers. This study proposes a new model which provides a simple approach to the assessment of the BI competencies of port community systems in organization. This approach helps decision-makers to select an enterprise system with appropriate intelligence requirements to support the managers’ decision-making tasks. Thirtyfour criteria for BI specifications are determined from a thorough review of the literature. The proposed model uses the fuzzy TOPSIS technique, which employs fuzzy weights of the criteria and fuzzy judgments of port community systems to compute the evaluation scores and rankings. The application of the model is realized in the evaluation, ranking and selecting of the needed port community systems in a port and maritime organization, in order to validate the proposed model with a real application. With utilizing the proposed model organizations can assess, select, and purchase port community systems which will provide a better decision-support environment for their business systems.

  14. A Novel Model for Teaching Primary Care in a Community Practice Setting: Tufts at Tech Community Veterinary Clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCobb, Emily; Rozanski, Elizabeth A; Malcolm, Elizabeth A; Wolfus, Gregory; Rush, John E

    2017-09-01

    Providing veterinary students with opportunities to develop clinical skills in a realistic, hands-on environment remains a challenge for veterinary education. We have developed a novel approach to teaching clinical medicine to fourth-year veterinary students and technical high school students via development of a primary care clinic embedded within a technical high school. The primary care clinic targets an underserved area of the community, which includes many of the participating high school students. Support from the veterinary community for the project has been strong as a result of communication, the opportunity for veterinarians to volunteer in the clinic, and the careful targeting of services. Benefits to veterinary students include the opportunity to build clinical competencies and confidence, as well as the exposure to a diverse client population. The financial model of the clinic is described and initial data on outcomes for case load, clinic income, veterinary student evaluations, and high school students' success in passing the veterinary assisting examination are reported. This clinical model, involving a partnership between a veterinary school and a technical high school, may be adoptable to other clinical teaching situations.

  15. Community-wide validation of geospace model local K-index predictions to support model transition to operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glocer, A.; Rastätter, L.; Kuznetsova, M.; Pulkkinen, A.; Singer, H. J.; Balch, C.; Weimer, D.; Welling, D.; Wiltberger, M.; Raeder, J.; Weigel, R. S.; McCollough, J.; Wing, S.

    2016-07-01

    We present the latest result of a community-wide space weather model validation effort coordinated among the Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC), NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC), model developers, and the broader science community. Validation of geospace models is a critical activity for both building confidence in the science results produced by the models and in assessing the suitability of the models for transition to operations. Indeed, a primary motivation of this work is supporting NOAA/SWPC's effort to select a model or models to be transitioned into operations. Our validation efforts focus on the ability of the models to reproduce a regional index of geomagnetic disturbance, the local K-index. Our analysis includes six events representing a range of geomagnetic activity conditions and six geomagnetic observatories representing midlatitude and high-latitude locations. Contingency tables, skill scores, and distribution metrics are used for the quantitative analysis of model performance. We consider model performance on an event-by-event basis, aggregated over events, at specific station locations, and separated into high-latitude and midlatitude domains. A summary of results is presented in this report, and an online tool for detailed analysis is available at the CCMC.

  16. EarthCube - Earth System Bridge: Spanning Scientific Communities with Interoperable Modeling Frameworks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peckham, S. D.; DeLuca, C.; Gochis, D. J.; Arrigo, J.; Kelbert, A.; Choi, E.; Dunlap, R.

    2014-12-01

    In order to better understand and predict environmental hazards of weather/climate, ecology and deep earth processes, geoscientists develop and use physics-based computational models. These models are used widely both in academic and federal communities. Because of the large effort required to develop and test models, there is widespread interest in component-based modeling, which promotes model reuse and simplified coupling to tackle problems that often cross discipline boundaries. In component-based modeling, the goal is to make relatively small changes to models that make it easy to reuse them as "plug-and-play" components. Sophisticated modeling frameworks exist to rapidly couple these components to create new composite models. They allow component models to exchange variables while accommodating different programming languages, computational grids, time-stepping schemes, variable names and units. Modeling frameworks have arisen in many modeling communities. CSDMS (Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System) serves the academic earth surface process dynamics community, while ESMF (Earth System Modeling Framework) serves many federal Earth system modeling projects. Others exist in both the academic and federal domains and each satisfies design criteria that are determined by the community they serve. While they may use different interface standards or semantic mediation strategies, they share fundamental similarities. The purpose of the Earth System Bridge project is to develop mechanisms for interoperability between modeling frameworks, such as the ability to share a model or service component. This project has three main goals: (1) Develop a Framework Description Language (ES-FDL) that allows modeling frameworks to be described in a standard way so that their differences and similarities can be assessed. (2) Demonstrate that if a model is augmented with a framework-agnostic Basic Model Interface (BMI), then simple, universal adapters can go from BMI to a

  17. Community Benchmarking of Tsunami-Induced Nearshore Current Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynett, P. J.; Wilson, R. I.; Gately, K.

    2015-12-01

    To help produce accurate and consistent maritime hazard products, the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP) Strategic Plan includes a requirement to develop and run a benchmarking workshop to evaluate the numerical tsunami modeling of currents. For this workshop, five different benchmarking datasets were organized. These datasets were selected based on characteristics such as geometric complexity, currents that are shear/separation driven (and thus are de-coupled from the incident wave forcing), tidal coupling, and interaction with the built environment. While tsunami simulation models have generally been well validated against wave height and runup, comparisons with speed data are much less common. As model results are increasingly being used to estimate or indicate damage to coastal infrastructure, understanding the accuracy and precision of speed predictions becomes of important. As a result of this 2-day workshop held in early 2015, modelers now have a better awareness of their ability to accurately capture the physics of tsunami currents, and therefore a better understanding of how to use these simulation tools for hazard assessment and mitigation efforts. In this presentation, the model results - from 14 different modelers - will be presented and summarized, with a focus on statistical and ensemble properties of the current predictions.

  18. To Call or Not to Call a Spade a Spade: The Dilemma of Treating 'Offensive' Terms in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Chabata

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    ABSTRACT: As noted by Béjoint (2000: 6, the main objective in dictionary-making is to define words and terms. This is especially the case if the fact is accepted that dictionaries are mostly con-sulted for word meaning and that, in the consultation process, the user hopes to acquire and/or verify certain information. However, as again noted by Jackson (1988, Landau (1984, Svénsen (1993 and Zgusta (1971, among others, the description of word meaning is one of the greatest difficulties with which the lexicographer has to cope. This article discusses some of the challenges facing lexicographers when defining 'offensive' headwords in a monolingual dictionary. It is based on experiences of defining such headwords for the general-purpose, medium-sized, synchronic, monolingual Shona dictionary, Duramazwi Guru reChiShona (henceforth DGC (Chimhundu et al. 2001. DGC was compiled and edited by a six-member team of mother-tongue speakers of Shona who are researchers at the African Languages Research Institute (ALRI. The article also discusses some of the strategies the team of editors adopted as ways of dealing with offensive words in DGC. One such strategy is the use of euphemism in defining.


    Keywords: ALRI, CULTURE, DEFINITION, THEORETICAL DEFINITION, PRACTICAL DEFINITION, DICTIONARY, EUPHEMISM, LEXICOGRAPHY, MONOLINGUAL DICTION-ARY, OFFENSIVE HEADWORD, SHONA

    *****

    OPSOMMING: Om die kind by sy naam te noem of nie te noem nie: Die dilemma van die behandeling van "aanstootlike" terme in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona. Soos deur Béjoint (2000: 6 opgemerk, is die hoofdoel van woordeboekmaak om woorde en terme te definieer. Dit is veral die geval as die feit aanvaar word dat woordeboeke meestal geraadpleeg word vir woordbetekenis en dat, by die raadplegingsproses, die gebruiker hoop om sekere inligting te bekom en/of te kontroleer. Soos weer eens opgemerk deur onder andere Jackson (1988, Landau (1984, Svénsen (1993 en Zgusta (1971, is

  19. ABOUT CREATION OF MODELS OF NATURAL PLANT COMMUNITIES, INCLUDING RARE SPECIES, IN THE BOTANICAL GARDENS OF KRASNODAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakalov A. N.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the ways to save rare species of plants is to create models of natural communities on the grounds of the botanical gardens. In the Botanical Garden of Kuban State University we have created the model of forest communities with the participation of rare and endangered species, and we are still working on creating models of herbaceous communities. We have introduced 18 species of plants of the flora of the Krasnodar region in the forest community and more than 30 species in herbaceous community

  20. Reality of using a model from local governments' perspective-How science community can help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzazad, S.

    2016-12-01

    Local governments across the US use historic data to approve capital improvement projects and update comprehensive/zoning plans. Due to the effects of climate change, historic data sets are no longer suitable, which requires communities to use climate models to project the future. However, the use of climate models also presents challenges for local governments such as: Variations between models: Because model-development methodologies vary, different climate models provide different end results. A local governments' decision concerning which climate model to use is tricky because the model drives policy direction and infrastructure investments that can be both expensive and controversial. Communicating the gaps of a model: There are always uncertainties associated with modeling. These gaps may range from the scale of a model to the type of data used in modeling. Effectively communicating this to a community is crucial to gain political support. Managing politics associated with using a model: In many cases, models project changes to the built environment that will detrimentally affect private property owners. This can result in strong push back from the community and could threaten the local tax base. Scientists have important roles; from development to delivery of models to assisting local governments navigate through these challenges. Bringing in entities with experience of working with local governments can contribute to a successful outcome. In this proposed session, ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability will use the USGS CoSMoS as a case study for lessons learned in establishing a framework for effective collaboration between local governments and the science community.

  1. Salud Para Su Corazon (health for your heart) community health worker model: community and clinical approaches for addressing cardiovascular disease risk reduction in Hispanics/Latinos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balcazar, H; Alvarado, M; Ortiz, G

    2011-01-01

    This article describes 6 Salud Para Su Corazon (SPSC) family of programs that have addressed cardiovascular disease risk reduction in Hispanic communities facilitated by community health workers (CHWs) or Promotores de Salud (PS). A synopsis of the programs illustrates the designs and methodological approaches that combine community-based participatory research for 2 types of settings: community and clinical. Examples are provided as to how CHWs can serve as agents of change in these settings. A description is presented of a sustainability framework for the SPSC family of programs. Finally, implications are summarized for utilizing the SPSC CHW/PS model to inform ambulatory care management and policy.

  2. Hierarchical modeling and inference in ecology: The analysis of data from populations, metapopulations and communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royle, J. Andrew; Dorazio, Robert M.

    2008-01-01

    A guide to data collection, modeling and inference strategies for biological survey data using Bayesian and classical statistical methods. This book describes a general and flexible framework for modeling and inference in ecological systems based on hierarchical models, with a strict focus on the use of probability models and parametric inference. Hierarchical models represent a paradigm shift in the application of statistics to ecological inference problems because they combine explicit models of ecological system structure or dynamics with models of how ecological systems are observed. The principles of hierarchical modeling are developed and applied to problems in population, metapopulation, community, and metacommunity systems. The book provides the first synthetic treatment of many recent methodological advances in ecological modeling and unifies disparate methods and procedures. The authors apply principles of hierarchical modeling to ecological problems, including * occurrence or occupancy models for estimating species distribution * abundance models based on many sampling protocols, including distance sampling * capture-recapture models with individual effects * spatial capture-recapture models based on camera trapping and related methods * population and metapopulation dynamic models * models of biodiversity, community structure and dynamics.

  3. Treatment-based Markov chain models clarify mechanisms of invasion in an invaded grassland community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelis, Lisa Castillo; Wootton, J Timothy

    2010-02-22

    What are the relative roles of mechanisms underlying plant responses in grassland communities invaded by both plants and mammals? What type of community can we expect in the future given current or novel conditions? We address these questions by comparing Markov chain community models among treatments from a field experiment on invasive species on Robinson Crusoe Island, Chile. Because of seed dispersal, grazing and disturbance, we predicted that the exotic European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) facilitates epizoochorous exotic plants (plants with seeds that stick to the skin an animal) at the expense of native plants. To test our hypothesis, we crossed rabbit exclosure treatments with disturbance treatments, and sampled the plant community in permanent plots over 3 years. We then estimated Markov chain model transition probabilities and found significant differences among treatments. As hypothesized, this modelling revealed that exotic plants survive better in disturbed areas, while natives prefer no rabbits or disturbance. Surprisingly, rabbits negatively affect epizoochorous plants. Markov chain dynamics indicate that an overall replacement of native plants by exotic plants is underway. Using a treatment-based approach to multi-species Markov chain models allowed us to examine the changes in the importance of mechanisms in response to experimental impacts on communities.

  4. Byproduct Cross Feeding and Community Stability in an In Silico Biofilm Model of the Gut Microbiome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A. Henson

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The gut microbiome is a highly complex microbial community that strongly impacts human health and disease. The two dominant phyla in healthy humans are Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes, with minor phyla such as Proteobacteria having elevated abundances in various disease states. While the gut microbiome has been widely studied, relatively little is known about the role of interspecies interactions in promoting microbiome stability and function. We developed a biofilm metabolic model of a very simple gut microbiome community consisting of a representative bacteroidete (Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, firmicute (Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and proteobacterium (Escherichia coli to investigate the putative role of metabolic byproduct cross feeding between species on community stability, robustness and flexibility. The model predicted coexistence of the three species only if four essential cross-feeding relationships were present. We found that cross feeding allowed coexistence to be robustly maintained for large variations in biofilm thickness and nutrient levels. However, the model predicted that community composition and short chain fatty acid levels could be strongly affected only over small ranges of byproduct uptake rates, indicating a possible lack of flexibility in our cross-feeding mechanism. Our model predictions provide new insights into the impact of byproduct cross feeding and yield experimentally testable hypotheses about gut microbiome community stability.

  5. Promoting Coordinated Development of Community-Based Information Standards for Modeling in Biology: The COMBINE Initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hucka, Michael; Nickerson, David P; Bader, Gary D; Bergmann, Frank T; Cooper, Jonathan; Demir, Emek; Garny, Alan; Golebiewski, Martin; Myers, Chris J; Schreiber, Falk; Waltemath, Dagmar; Le Novère, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    The Computational Modeling in Biology Network (COMBINE) is a consortium of groups involved in the development of open community standards and formats used in computational modeling in biology. COMBINE's aim is to act as a coordinator, facilitator, and resource for different standardization efforts whose domains of use cover related areas of the computational biology space. In this perspective article, we summarize COMBINE, its general organization, and the community standards and other efforts involved in it. Our goals are to help guide readers toward standards that may be suitable for their research activities, as well as to direct interested readers to relevant communities where they can best expect to receive assistance in how to develop interoperable computational models.

  6. Academic partnerships and key leaders emerging from communities in the lower Mississippi Delta (LMD): a community-based participatory research model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Betty M; Prewitt, T Elaine; McCabe-Sellers, Beverly; Strickland, Earline; Yadrick, Kathy; Threadgill, Paula; Champagne, Catherine M; McGee, Bernestine B; Bogle, Margaret L

    2011-01-01

    Collaboratively, the nutritional health problems of the Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) region were examined and opportunities identified for conducting research interventions. To combat the nutritional health problems in the LMD, community residents yielded to a more comprehensive and participatory approach known as community-based participatory research (CBPR). Community residents partnered with academic researchers and other organizational entities to improve the overall quality of diet and health in their respective communities using CBPR. The collaborative work in the LMD focused on interventions conducted in each of three specific communities across three states: Marvell, Arkansas (Marvell NIRI), and its surrounding public school district; Franklin Parish in Louisiana (Franklin NIRI); and the city of Hollandale, Mississippi (Hollandale NIRI). This paper examined some of the research interventions conducted in Franklin, Hollandale, and Marvell NIRI respectively, how leadership emerged from each of these communities, and lessons learned as a result of the CBPR model.

  7. Stochastic eco-evolutionary model of a prey-predator community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Manon; Hauzy, Céline; Loeuille, Nicolas; Méléard, Sylvie

    2016-02-01

    We are interested in the impact of natural selection in a prey-predator community. We introduce an individual-based model of the community that takes into account both prey and predator phenotypes. Our aim is to understand the phenotypic coevolution of prey and predators. The community evolves as a multi-type birth and death process with mutations. We first consider the infinite particle approximation of the process without mutation. In this limit, the process can be approximated by a system of differential equations. We prove the existence of a unique globally asymptotically stable equilibrium under specific conditions on the interaction among prey individuals. When mutations are rare, the community evolves on the mutational scale according to a Markovian jump process. This process describes the successive equilibria of the prey-predator community and extends the polymorphic evolutionary sequence to a coevolutionary framework. We then assume that mutations have a small impact on phenotypes and consider the evolution of monomorphic prey and predator populations. The limit of small mutation steps leads to a system of two differential equations which is a version of the canonical equation of adaptive dynamics for the prey-predator coevolution. We illustrate these different limits with an example of prey-predator community that takes into account different prey defense mechanisms. We observe through simulations how these various prey strategies impact the community.

  8. An Instructional Cost Estimation Model for the XYZ Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmonson, William F.

    An enrollment-driven model for estimating instructional costs is presented in this paper as developed by the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE). After stating the principles of the WICHE planning system (i.e., various categories of data are gathered, segmented, and then cross-tabulated against one another to yield certain…

  9. The social identity voting model: Ideology and community structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott D Pauls

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Social identity voting (SIV is a new model of voting behavior based on the principles of social identity theory. We introduce and use this model to analyze roll call votes for the 35th through 112th US Congresses. Comparing out-of-sample accuracy of SIV and Poole and Rosenthal’s Weighted NOMINAL Three-step Estimation (W-NOMINATE, we find that SIV performs better than the one- or two-dimensional W-NOMINATE model and that generally, W-NOMINATE needs up to 10 dimensions to produce accuracy comparable to that of SIV. The differences between SIV and W-NOMINATE are further clarified in three case studies: first, a longitudinal examination of all Congresses; second, an analysis of the 112th House of Representatives; and third, a study of the Tea Party caucus in the 112th House of Representatives. Each study sheds new light on the potential motivations driving voting behavior, supporting our assertion that the SIV and W-NOMINATE models provide two distinct approaches to understanding voting records. SIV, with its emphasis on political identity derived from group membership, expresses combinations of individual and group preferences which contribute to legislators’ ideological classifications.

  10. Children's Models about Colours in Nahuatl-Speaking Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallegos-Cázares, Leticia; Flores-Camacho, Fernando; Calderón-Canales, Elena; Perrusquía-Máximo, Elvia; García-Rivera, Beatriz

    2014-10-01

    This paper presents the development and structure of indigenous children's ideas about mixing colours as well as their ideas about each colour, derived from their traditions. The children were interviewed both at school and outside it, and an educational proposal was implemented. Ideas expressed in the school context were analysed using the partial possible model, which states that the inferences and explanations used to describe a subject consist of constricting ideas, rules of correspondence, and a set of phenomenological inferences about processes. After identifying these components in the children's ideas, we developed models to describe their conceptions about mixing colours. We employed a different approach to analyse children's ideas related to their cultural context. The results showed that children change from a conception that focuses on colours as entities that do not change and as properties of objects (model 1) to the idea that colour represents a quality of substances or objects that can be modified by mixing colours (model 2). Cultural context analysis showed that stories are independent from one another and that they are not connected to colour mixing processes, only to the actions of colour on people. We concluded that students generate independent constructions between school and cultural knowledge.

  11. Guidelines for a priori grouping of species in hierarchical community models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacifici, Krishna; Zipkin, Elise; Collazo, Jaime; Irizarry, Julissa I.; DeWan, Amielle A.

    2014-01-01

    Recent methodological advances permit the estimation of species richness and occurrences for rare species by linking species-level occurrence models at the community level. The value of such methods is underscored by the ability to examine the influence of landscape heterogeneity on species assemblages at large spatial scales. A salient advantage of community-level approaches is that parameter estimates for data-poor species are more precise as the estimation process borrows from data-rich species. However, this analytical benefit raises a question about the degree to which inferences are dependent on the implicit assumption of relatedness among species. Here, we assess the sensitivity of community/group-level metrics, and individual-level species inferences given various classification schemes for grouping species assemblages using multispecies occurrence models. We explore the implications of these groupings on parameter estimates for avian communities in two ecosystems: tropical forests in Puerto Rico and temperate forests in northeastern United States. We report on the classification performance and extent of variability in occurrence probabilities and species richness estimates that can be observed depending on the classification scheme used. We found estimates of species richness to be most precise and to have the best predictive performance when all of the data were grouped at a single community level. Community/group-level parameters appear to be heavily influenced by the grouping criteria, but were not driven strictly by total number of detections for species. We found different grouping schemes can provide an opportunity to identify unique assemblage responses that would not have been found if all of the species were analyzed together. We suggest three guidelines: (1) classification schemes should be determined based on study objectives; (2) model selection should be used to quantitatively compare different classification approaches; and (3) sensitivity

  12. The effect of community stress and problems on psychopathology: A structural equation modeling study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyu, Juncheng; Shi, Hong; Wang, Suzhen; Zhang, Jie

    2016-02-01

    This research aimed to estimate the effect of perceived social factors in the community stress and problems on the residents' psychopathology such as depression and suicidal behaviors. Subjects of this study were the informants (N=1618) in a psychological autopsy (PA) study with a case-control design. We interviewed two informants (a family member and a close friend) for 392 suicides and 416 living controls, which came from 16 rural counties randomly selected from three provinces of China. Community stress and problems were measured by the WHO SUPRE-MISS scale. Depression was measured by CES-D scale, and suicidal behavior was assessed by NCS-R scale. Multivariable liner and logistic regression models and the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) were applied to probe the correlation of the depression and the suicidal behaviors with some major demographic variables as covariates. It was found that community stress and problems were directly associated with rural Chinese residents' depression (Path coefficient=0.127, Pstress and problem and suicidal behaviors, but community stress and problem can affect suicidal behaviors indirectly through depression. The path coefficient between depression and suicidal behaviors was 0.975. The current study predicts a new research viewpoint, that is, the depression is the intermediate between community stress and problem and suicidal behaviors. It might be an effective route to prevent depression directly and suicidal behaviors indirectly by reducing the community stress and problems.

  13. Population health improvement: a community health business model that engages partners in all sectors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindig, David A; Isham, George

    2014-01-01

    Because population health improvement requires action on multiple determinants--including medical care, health behaviors, and the social and physical environments--no single entity can be held accountable for achieving improved outcomes. Medical organizations, government, schools, businesses, and community organizations all need to make substantial changes in how they approach health and how they allocate resources. To this end, we suggest the development of multisectoral community health business partnership models. Such collaborative efforts are needed by sectors and actors not accustomed to working together. Healthcare executives can play important leadership roles in fostering or supporting such partnerships in local and national arenas where they have influence. In this article, we develop the following components of this argument: defining a community health business model; defining population health and the Triple Aim concept; reaching beyond core mission to help create the model; discussing the shift for care delivery beyond healthcare organizations to other community sectors; examining who should lead in developing the community business model; discussing where the resources for a community business model might come from; identifying that better evidence is needed to inform where to make cost-effective investments; and proposing some next steps. The approach we have outlined is a departure from much current policy and management practice. But new models are needed as a road map to drive action--not just thinking--to address the enormous challenge of improving population health. While we applaud continuing calls to improve health and reduce disparities, progress will require more robust incentives, strategies, and action than have been in practice to date. Our hope is that ideas presented here will help to catalyze a collective, multisectoral response to this critical social and economic challenge.

  14. A qualitative assessment of a community antiretroviral therapy group model in Tete, Mozambique.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freya Rasschaert

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: To improve retention on ART, Médecins Sans Frontières, the Ministry of Health and patients piloted a community-based antiretroviral distribution and adherence monitoring model through Community ART Groups (CAG in Tete, Mozambique. By December 2012, almost 6000 patients on ART had formed groups of whom 95.7% were retained in care. We conducted a qualitative study to evaluate the relevance, dynamic and impact of the CAG model on patients, their communities and the healthcare system. METHODS: Between October 2011 and May 2012, we conducted 16 focus group discussions and 24 in-depth interviews with the major stakeholders involved in the CAG model. Audio-recorded data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: Six key themes emerged from the data: 1 Barriers to access HIV care, 2 CAG functioning and actors involved, 3 Benefits for CAG members, 4 Impacts of CAG beyond the group members, 5 Setbacks, and 6 Acceptance and future expectations of the CAG model. The model provides cost and time savings, certainty of ART access and mutual peer support resulting in better adherence to treatment. Through the active role of patients, HIV information could be conveyed to the broader community, leading to an increased uptake of services and positive transformation of the identity of people living with HIV. Potential pitfalls included limited access to CAG for those most vulnerable to defaulting, some inequity to patients in individual ART care and a high dependency on counsellors. CONCLUSION: The CAG model resulted in active patient involvement and empowerment, and the creation of a supportive environment improving the ART retention. It also sparked a reorientation of healthcare services towards the community and strengthened community actions. Successful implementation and scalability requires (a the acceptance of patients as partners in health, (b adequate resources, and (c a well-functioning monitoring and

  15. A Model for Community-based Language Teaching to Young Learners: The Impact of University Outreach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Nyikos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A primary challenge given to university foreign language departments and Title VI National Resource Centers is to increase interest and participation in foreign language learning, with particular emphasis on less commonly taught languages (LCTLs. Given that many LCTLs in high demand by the US government, including Arabic, Chinese, Persian and Turkish, rarely find their way into the school curricula, this article offers a successful ongoing community-based model of how one university-town partnership addresses advocacy with programming for pre-K-grade 9. Non-native and heritage undergraduate language students who volunteered as community language teachers found the experience invaluable to their pedagogical development. Teacher education programs or language departments can employ this approach to community-based teaching, by providing free, sustained language teaching in existing community centers. This article offers guidance for how to start and expand such a program.

  16. Soil functional operating range linked to microbial biodiversity and community composition using denitrifiers as model guild.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Hallin

    Full Text Available Soil microorganisms are key players in biogeochemical cycles. Yet, there is no consistent view on the significance of microbial biodiversity for soil ecosystem functioning. According to the insurance hypothesis, declines in ecosystem functioning due to reduced biodiversity are more likely to occur under fluctuating, extreme or rapidly changing environmental conditions. Here, we compare the functional operating range, a new concept defined as the complete range of environmental conditions under which soil microbial communities are able to maintain their functions, between four naturally assembled soil communities from a long-term fertilization experiment. A functional trait approach was adopted with denitrifiers involved in nitrogen cycling as our model soil community. Using short-term temperature and salt gradients, we show that the functional operating range was broader and process rates were higher when the soil community was phylogenetically more diverse. However, key bacterial genotypes played an important role for maintaining denitrification as an ecosystem functioning under certain conditions.

  17. Designing Multidimensional Policing Strategy And Organization: Towards A Synthesis Of Professional And Community Police Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suve Priit

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article we analyse professional police and community policing in view of professionalism, strategy and structures. We aim to find ways for synthesizing these models that are usually seen as incompatible. Unlike many earlier studies of police organizations or strategies, we view strategies in the organization at the corporate, functional and operational levels, and argue that by combining them with functional and divisional principles of structuring, it is possible to place professional strategy at the core of policing, while using the community policing strategy mainly as a component part of the strategy in the framework of divisional organization. This way it is possible to avoid the risk of alienating police from the community and to ensure the successful implementation of corporate strategy through providing professional police units that perform the narrow functions, with quick and adequate information from the community.

  18. Developing a Multicomponent Model of Nutritious Food Access and Related Implications for Community and Policy Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Darcy A; Blake, Christine E; Liese, Angela D

    2013-01-01

    Access to nutritious foods is limited in disenfranchised communities in the United States. Policies are beginning to focus on improving nutritious food access in these contexts; yet, few theories are available to guide this work. We developed a conceptual model of nutritious food access based on the qualitative responses of food consumers in 2 different regions of the American South. Five domains (economic, service delivery, spatial-temporal, social, and personal) and related dimensions of nutritious food access were identified. The conceptual model provides practical guidance to researchers, policy makers, and practitioners working to improve nutritious food access in communities.

  19. Developing a Multicomponent Model of Nutritious Food Access and Related Implications for Community and Policy Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    FREEDMAN, DARCY A.; BLAKE, CHRISTINE E.; LIESE, ANGELA D.

    2014-01-01

    Access to nutritious foods is limited in disenfranchised communities in the United States. Policies are beginning to focus on improving nutritious food access in these contexts; yet, few theories are available to guide this work. We developed a conceptual model of nutritious food access based on the qualitative responses of food consumers in 2 different regions of the American South. Five domains (economic, service delivery, spatial–temporal, social, and personal) and related dimensions of nutritious food access were identified. The conceptual model provides practical guidance to researchers, policy makers, and practitioners working to improve nutritious food access in communities. PMID:24563605

  20. A Model Community Skin Cancer Prevention Project in Maine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine A. Hayden

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of our program was to create and test a community skin cancer prevention project for replication throughout the state of Maine. The project was a collaborative effort of the Maine Cancer Consortium, American Cancer Society (ACS, and the City of Portland, Health and Human Services Department, Public Health Division. Portland, Me, served as the pilot site. The National Cancer Institute (NCI defines skin cancer as a disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably in the outer layers of the skin (1. The American Cancer Society's Facts and Figures 2001 (the latest year for which these figures are available estimated that more than 1 million cases of highly curable basal cell or squamous cell cancers would be diagnosed in the United States that year (2. An estimated 9800 U.S. deaths from cancer were projected as well: 7800 from melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer, and 2000 from other skin cancers. Melanoma was expected to be diagnosed in about 51,400 Americans in 2001. The incidence rate of melanoma has increased about 3% per year on average since 1981. In 2002, NCI announced that researchers showed for the first time that individual risk of melanoma is associated with the intensity of sunlight that a person receives over a lifetime (3. Target audiences for our program were newborns and their parents, children between 5 and 14 years old and their caregivers, and all people living in the Portland area. Protecting skin from excess sun exposure during childhood and adolescence is important in reducing the risk of all types of skin cancer during adulthood. From our anecdotal evidence, many parents of newborns are unaware that sunscreen is not recommended for babies under 6 months of age, and they need better information about how to protect their newborns from the sun. Teaching children and their caregivers to follow ACS guidelines will help protect their skin for years to come. It will also help children to develop healthy

  1. Information Model Translation to Support a Wider Science Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, John S.; Crichton, Daniel; Ritschel, Bernd; Hardman, Sean; Joyner, Ronald

    2014-05-01

    The Planetary Data System (PDS), NASA's long-term archive for solar system exploration data, has just released PDS4, a modernization of the PDS architecture, data standards, and technical infrastructure. This next generation system positions the PDS to meet the demands of the coming decade, including big data, international cooperation, distributed nodes, and multiple ways of analysing and interpreting data. It also addresses three fundamental project goals: providing more efficient data delivery by data providers to the PDS, enabling a stable, long-term usable planetary science data archive, and enabling services for the data consumer to find, access, and use the data they require in contemporary data formats. The PDS4 information architecture is used to describe all PDS data using a common model. Captured in an ontology modeling tool it supports a hierarchy of data dictionaries built to the ISO/IEC 11179 standard and is designed to increase flexibility, enable complex searches at the product level, and to promote interoperability that facilitates data sharing both nationally and internationally. A PDS4 information architecture design requirement stipulates that the content of the information model must be translatable to external data definition languages such as XML Schema, XMI/XML, and RDF/XML. To support the semantic Web standards we are now in the process of mapping the contents into RDF/XML to support SPARQL capable databases. We are also building a terminological ontology to support virtually unified data retrieval and access. This paper will provide an overview of the PDS4 information architecture focusing on its domain information model and how the translation and mapping are being accomplished.

  2. A community initiative for developing data and modeling driven curriculum modules for hydrology education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruddell, B. L.; Merwade, V.

    2010-12-01

    Hydrology and geoscience education at the undergraduate and graduate levels may benefit greatly from a structured approach to pedagogy that utilizes modeling, authentic data, and simulation exercises to engage students in practice-like activities. Extensive evidence in the educational literature suggests that students retain more of their instruction, and attain higher levels of mastery over content, when interactive and practice-like activities are used to contextualize traditional lecture-based and theory-based instruction. However, it is also important that these activities carefully link the use of data and modeling to abstract theory, to promote transfer of knowledge to other contexts. While this type of data-based activity has been practiced in the hydrology classroom for decades, the hydrology community still lacks a set of standards and a mechanism for community-based development, publication, and review of this type of curriculum material. A community-based initiative is underway to develop a set curriculum materials to teach hydrology in the engineering and geoscience university classroom using outcomes-based, pedagogically rigorous modules that use authentic data and modeling experiences to complement traditional lecture-based instruction. A preliminary design for a community cyberinfrastructure for shared module development and publication, and for module topics and outcomes and ametadata and module interoperability standards, will be presented, along with the results of a series of community surveys and workshops informing this design.

  3. Properties of granular analogue model materials: A community wide survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klinkmüller, M.; Schreurs, G.; Rosenau, M.; Kemnitz, H.

    2016-08-01

    We report the material properties of 26 granular analogue materials used in 14 analogue modelling laboratories. We determined physical characteristics such as bulk density, grain size distribution, and grain shape, and performed ring shear tests to determine friction angles and cohesion, and uniaxial compression tests to evaluate the compaction behaviour. Mean grain size of the materials varied between c. 100 and 400 μm. Analysis of grain shape factors shows that the four different classes of granular materials (14 quartz sands, 5 dyed quartz sands, 4 heavy mineral sands and 3 size fractions of glass beads) can be broadly divided into two groups consisting of 12 angular and 14 rounded materials. Grain shape has an influence on friction angles, with most angular materials having higher internal friction angles (between c. 35° and 40°) than rounded materials, whereas well-rounded glass beads have the lowest internal friction angles (between c. 25° and 30°). We interpret this as an effect of intergranular sliding versus rolling. Most angular materials have also higher basal friction angles (tested for a specific foil) than more rounded materials, suggesting that angular grains scratch and wear the foil. Most materials have an internal cohesion in the order of 20-100 Pa except for well-rounded glass beads, which show a trend towards a quasi-cohesionless (C < 20 Pa) Coulomb-type material. The uniaxial confined compression tests reveal that rounded grains generally show less compaction than angular grains. We interpret this to be related to the initial packing density after sifting, which is higher for rounded grains than for angular grains. Ring-shear test data show that angular grains undergo a longer strain-hardening phase than more rounded materials. This might explain why analogue models consisting of angular grains accommodate deformation in a more distributed manner prior to strain localisation than models consisting of rounded grains.

  4. From calls to communities: a model for time varying social networks

    CERN Document Server

    Laurent, Guillaume; Karsai, Márton

    2015-01-01

    Social interactions vary in time and appear to be driven by intrinsic mechanisms, which in turn shape the emerging structure of the social network. Large-scale empirical observations of social interaction structure have become possible only recently, and modelling their dynamics is an actual challenge. Here we propose a temporal network model which builds on the framework of activity-driven time-varying networks with memory. The model also integrates key mechanisms that drive the formation of social ties - social reinforcement, focal closure and cyclic closure, which have been shown to give rise to community structure and the global connectedness of the network. We compare the proposed model with a real-world time-varying network of mobile phone communication and show that they share several characteristics from heterogeneous degrees and weights to rich community structure. Further, the strong and weak ties that emerge from the model follow similar weight-topology correlations as real-world social networks, i...

  5. The I-Tribe Community Pharmacy Practice Model: professional pharmacy unshackled.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alston, Greg L; Waitzman, Jennifer A

    2013-01-01

    To describe a mechanism by which pharmacists could create a disruptive innovation to provide professional primary care services via a Web-based delivery model. Several obstacles have prevented pharmacists from using available technology to develop business models that capitalize on their clinical skills in primary care. Community practice has experienced multiple sustaining innovations that have improved dispensing productivity but have not stimulated sufficient demand for pharmacy services to disrupt the marketplace and provide new opportunities for pharmacists. Pharmacists are in a unique position to bridge the gap between demand for basic primary medical care and access to a competent medical professional. Building on the historic strengths of community pharmacy practice, modern pharmacists could provide a disruptive innovation in the marketplace for primary care by taking advantage of new technology and implementing the I-Tribe Community Pharmacy Practice Model (I-Tribe). This model would directly connect pharmacists to patients through an interactive, secure Web presence that would liberate the relationship from geographic restrictions. The I-Tribe is a disruptive innovation that could become the foundation for a vibrant market in pharmacist professional service offerings. The I-Tribe model could benefit society by expanding access to primary medical care while simultaneously providing a new source of revenue for community practice pharmacists. Entrepreneurial innovation through I-Tribe pharmacy would free pharmacists to become the care providers envisioned by the profession's thought leaders.

  6. Community Coordinated Modeling Center: Addressing Needs of Operational Space Weather Forecasting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuznetsova, M.; Maddox, M.; Pulkkinen, A.; Hesse, M.; Rastaetter, L.; Macneice, P.; Taktakishvili, A.; Berrios, D.; Chulaki, A.; Zheng, Y.; Mullinix, R.

    2012-01-01

    Models are key elements of space weather forecasting. The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC, http://ccmc.gsfc.nasa.gov) hosts a broad range of state-of-the-art space weather models and enables access to complex models through an unmatched automated web-based runs-on-request system. Model output comparisons with observational data carried out by a large number of CCMC users open an unprecedented mechanism for extensive model testing and broad community feedback on model performance. The CCMC also evaluates model's prediction ability as an unbiased broker and supports operational model selections. The CCMC is organizing and leading a series of community-wide projects aiming to evaluate the current state of space weather modeling, to address challenges of model-data comparisons, and to define metrics for various user s needs and requirements. Many of CCMC models are continuously running in real-time. Over the years the CCMC acquired the unique experience in developing and maintaining real-time systems. CCMC staff expertise and trusted relations with model owners enable to keep up to date with rapid advances in model development. The information gleaned from the real-time calculations is tailored to specific mission needs. Model forecasts combined with data streams from NASA and other missions are integrated into an innovative configurable data analysis and dissemination system (http://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov) that is accessible world-wide. The talk will review the latest progress and discuss opportunities for addressing operational space weather needs in innovative and collaborative ways.

  7. Modeling the effects of environmental disturbance on wildlife communities: avian responses to prescribed fire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Robin E; Royle, J Andrew; Saab, Victoria A; Lehmkuhl, John F; Block, William M; Sauer, John R

    2009-07-01

    Prescribed fire is a management tool used to reduce fuel loads on public lands in forested areas in the western United States. Identifying the impacts of prescribed fire on bird communities in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) forests is necessary for providing land management agencies with information regarding the effects of fuel reduction on sensitive, threatened, and migratory bird species. Recent developments in occupancy modeling have established a framework for quantifying the impacts of management practices on wildlife community dynamics. We describe a Bayesian hierarchical model of multi-species occupancy accounting for detection probability, and we demonstrate the model's usefulness for identifying effects of habitat disturbances on wildlife communities. Advantages to using the model include the ability to estimate the effects of environmental impacts on rare or elusive species, the intuitive nature of the modeling, the incorporation of detection probability, the estimation of parameter uncertainty, the flexibility of the model to suit a variety of experimental designs, and the composite estimate of the response that applies to the collection of observed species as opposed to merely a small subset of common species. Our modeling of the impacts of prescribed fire on avian communities in a ponderosa pine forest in Washington indicate that prescribed fire treatments result in increased occupancy rates for several bark-insectivore, cavity-nesting species including a management species of interest, Black-backed Woodpeckers (Picoides arcticus). Three aerial insectivore species, and the ground insectivore, American Robin (Turdus migratorius), also responded positively to prescribed fire, whereas three foliage insectivores and two seed specialists, Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) and the Pine Siskin (Carduelis pinus), declined following treatments. Land management agencies interested in determining the effects of habitat manipulations on wildlife

  8. Trait-Based Ecosystem Modeling: Integrating Community Assembly and Optimality Concepts into Dgvms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheiter, S.; Langan, L.; Higgins, S. I.

    2014-12-01

    Dynamic global vegetation models (DGVMs) are a central component of Earth system models, and our ability to understand and simulate past, present and future changes in the Earth system is linked to the quality of DGVMs. A major limitation of most DGVMs is that they represent vegetation by a fixed number of static functional types that do not allow plants and plant communities to dynamically adjust to the biotic and abiotic conditions. Here, we present the aDGVM2, a novel individual- and trait-based dynamic vegetation model. The aDGVM2 simulates growth, reproduction and mortality of single plants as a function of the plant-specific combination of trait values. Concepts from genetic optimization are used to simulate trait inheritance, crossover and mutation. These processes ensure that well-performing plants can pass their traits to the next generation and that vegetation can adjust to potentially changing environmental conditions. Thereby, the model iteratively assembles plant communities that are adapted to the environment. The aDGVM2 simulates responses of plant traits along climate, soil and disturbance gradients and associated responses in community structure, diversity and biome types. More specifically, we show that rooting strategies emerging in model simulations are related to soil characteristics and rainfall regimes and that community assembly processes can buffer impacts of disturbances on vegetation. The aDGVM2 model approach integrates aspects of community assembly theory, Earth system modeling and optimality theory and it has a high potential to improve our understanding of ecosystem responses to environmental changes.

  9. Evaluating and improving hydrologic processes in the community land model for integrated earth system modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannah, D. M.; Khamis, K.; Blaen, P. J.; Hainie, S.; Mellor, C.; Brown, L. E.; Milner, A. M.

    2011-12-01

    High climatic sensitivity and low anthropogenic influence make glacierized river basins important environments for examining hydrological and ecological response to global change. This paper synthesises findings from previous and ongoing research in glacierized Alpine and Arctic river basins (located in the French Pyrenees, New Zealand, Swedish Lapland and Svalbard), which adopts an interdisciplinary approach to investigate the climate-cryosphere-hydrology-ecology cascade. Data are used to advance hypotheses concerning the consequences of climate change/ variability on glacier river system hydrology and ecology. Aquatic ecosystems in high latitude and altitude environments are influenced strongly by cryospheric and hydrological processes due to links between atmospheric forcing, snowpack/ glacier mass-balance, river runoff, physico-chemistry and biota. In the current phase of global warming, many glaciers are retreating. Using downscaled regional climate projections as inputs to a distributed hydrological model for a study basin in the French Pyrenees (i.e. an environment at the contemporary limit of valley glaciation), we show how shrinking snow and ice-masses may alter space-time dynamics in basin runoff. Notably, the timing of peak snow- and ice-melt may shift; and the proportion of stream flow sourced from rainfall-runoff (cf. meltwater) may increase. Across our range of Alpine and Arctic study basins, we quantify observed links between relative water source contributions (% meltwater : % groundwater), physico-chemical habitat (e.g. water temperature, electrical conductivity, suspended sediment and channel stability) and benthic communities. At the site scale, results point towards increased community diversity (taxonomic and functional) as meltwater contributions decline and physico-chemical habitat becomes less harsh. However, basin-scale biodiversity may be reduced due to less spatio-temporal heterogeneity in water source contributions and habitats, and the

  10. Flexible assertive community treatment (FACT) model in specialist psychosis teams: an evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sood, Loopinder; Owen, Andy; Onyon, Richard; Sharma, Aarohi; Nigriello, Jessica; Markham, Dominic; Seabrook, Hannah

    2017-08-01

    Aims and method The impact of flexible assertive community treatment (FACT) has been observed in people previously supported by assertive community treatment (ACT) teams, but its effect on those previously with a community mental health team (CMHT) has not been studied in the UK. An observational study was conducted of 380 people from 3 CMHTs and 95 people from an ACT team, all with a history of psychosis, following service reconfiguration to 3 FACT teams. Results People previously with a CMHT required less time in hospital when the FACT model was introduced. A smaller reduction was observed in people coming from the ACT team. Both groups required less crisis resolution home treatment (CRHT) team input. Clinical implications FACT may be a better model than standard CMHT care for people with a history of psychosis, as a result of reduced need for acute (CRHT and in-patient) services.

  11. The Children's Aid Society community schools: a full-service partnership model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Jane

    2005-01-01

    In 1989, the Children's Aid Society (CAS) created an unprecedented partnership with the New York City Board of Education by developing a comprehensive response to the pressing needs of children and families in the northern Manhattan neighborhood of Washington Heights. After three years of careful planning, CAS and the New York City public schools opened the first community school at Intermediate School 218, offering a full array of supports, services, and learning opportunities. Adding, on average, one partnership school per year and remaining very flexible in adapting its model to the individual needs of each community, CAS now has thirteen community schools around New York City. The model's flexibility is seen also in the success of its national and international adaptation-an intentional part of CAS's work.

  12. Mathematical modeling of heat transfer in plant community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finnikov K.A.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The conductive, convective and radiation heat exchange process in a natural system including plants aggregation, air lower layer and ground upper layer, is examined. The mathematical model of process is formulated in 1d unsteady approach. The numerical simulation of plants aggregation cooling is performed for the case of a radiation frost. It is found up that mutual influence of plants in an aggregation on the heat exchange with environment grows with the increase of plants size and plants number per ground area. The influence leads to that lower parts of plants are cooled slower, while upper parts are cooled faster. The estimations are made for the quantity of heat emitted in a thermogenic plant that is enough to prevent the plant cold stress. It is shown that in presence of enforced air flow the rate of plants cooling is noticeably lower, as well as the quantity of heat enough to prevent the plant cold stress.

  13. Models for Multi-Purpose Community Information Centres (MPCICs)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falch, Morten

    1998-01-01

    difficult to survive on attraction of public funds in the long run.This does not imply that telecenters cannot be used for non-commercial activities related to enhancement of local economic and cultural development in rural periphery regions. Telecenters can carry out services for local authorities...... to be a key for the success of MPCICs. The European experiences indicate that telecenters must be able to generate their own income on commercially based activities if they shall survive for a longer period. Public funds can be used to setup new telecenters and train the participants, but it seems to be very...... and thereby generate income for themselves. The most successful model seems to be a center generating its own income, but with a relationship to local development movements - being private or public. Public support is reduced to initial funding and the buying of services from the local telecenter....

  14. Demonstrating the value of community-based ('citizen science') observations for catchment modelling and characterisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starkey, Eleanor; Parkin, Geoff; Birkinshaw, Stephen; Large, Andy; Quinn, Paul; Gibson, Ceri

    2017-05-01

    Despite there being well-established meteorological and hydrometric monitoring networks in the UK, many smaller catchments remain ungauged. This leaves a challenge for characterisation, modelling, forecasting and management activities. Here we demonstrate the value of community-based ('citizen science') observations for modelling and understanding catchment response as a contribution to catchment science. The scheme implemented within the 42 km2 Haltwhistle Burn catchment, a tributary of the River Tyne in northeast England, has harvested and used quantitative and qualitative observations from the public in a novel way to effectively capture spatial and temporal river response. Community-based rainfall, river level and flood observations have been successfully collected and quality-checked, and used to build and run a physically-based, spatially-distributed catchment model, SHETRAN. Model performance using different combinations of observations is tested against traditionally-derived hydrographs. Our results show how the local network of community-based observations alongside traditional sources of hydro-information supports characterisation of catchment response more accurately than using traditional observations alone over both spatial and temporal scales. We demonstrate that these community-derived datasets are most valuable during local flash flood events, particularly towards peak discharge. This information is often missed or poorly represented by ground-based gauges, or significantly underestimated by rainfall radar, as this study clearly demonstrates. While community-based observations are less valuable during prolonged and widespread floods, or over longer hydrological periods of interest, they can still ground-truth existing traditional sources of catchment data to increase confidence during characterisation and management activities. Involvement of the public in data collection activities also encourages wider community engagement, and provides important

  15. Community health needs assessment with precede-proceed model: a mixed methods study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Yang

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Community health services in China have developed over the last few decades. In order to use limited health resources more effectively, we conducted a community health needs assessment. This aimed to provide an understanding of the community's health problems and the range of potential factors affecting risk behaviours for the priority health problems. Methods We used the precede-proceed model for the needs assessment. Triangulation of data, methods and researchers were employed in data collection. Results Main findings include: cardiovascular diseases (CVDs were identified as the priority health problems in the study communities; risk factors associated with CVDs included smoking, physical inactivity and unhealthy eating behaviours, particularly amongst male residents with low education level; factors negatively affecting behaviours were classified into predisposing factors (limited knowledge, beliefs and lack of perceived needs, enabling factors (limited access to health promotion activities, unawareness of health promotion, lack of work-site and school health promotion, absence of health promotion related policy and reinforcing factors (culture. Policies and organization were not perfect; there were limited staff skilled in providing health promotion in the community. Conclusion CVDs were identified by the communities as priority health problems. Future health programs should focus on smoking, physical inactivity and unhealthy eating behaviours. Behaviour change strategies should take predisposing factors, enabling factors and reinforcing factors into consideration. Policies, organization and human resource need strengthening.

  16. Lessons learned from developing, implementing, and evaluating a model of community-driven nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nehls, N; Owen, B; Tipple, S; Vandermause, R

    2001-01-01

    The Helene Fuld Health Trust, HSBC Bank USA,Trustee has made generous contributions to the development of community-based nursing education. As a recipient of funds, faculty at the University ofWisconsin-Madison School of Nursing developed, implemented, and evaluated a pilot curriculum for undergraduate nursing students. The first phase of the project changed the landscape of community-based nursing education through faculty development. Unlike traditional approaches to faculty development, a resident expert model of faculty development based on dialogue was used. The second phase changed the landscape of teaching and learning community-based care through curricular and instructional revisions. Noteworthy changes were the creation of a curriculum responsive to both individual student and community needs, and recruitment of a cadre of teachers to enhance the cost-effectiveness of clinical education. The third phase changed the landscape of community-based nursing education through evaluation research. Several strategies were used to assess the project's usefulness, including interpretive phenomenological study of interview data and review of conventional outcome measures. Each phase of the project contributed to a new vision of community-based nursing education, a vision in which nursing as service is taught and learned.

  17. Adapting a community of practice model to design an innovative ethics curriculum in healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidoo, Sudeshni; Vernillo, Anthony T

    2014-01-01

    The focus of healthcare ethics within the framework of ethical principles and philosophical foundations has always, in recent times, been the community, namely, the healthcare provider, the patient or, in research, the study participant. An initiative is thus described whereby a community of practice (CoP) model was developed around health ethics in health research, education and clinical care. The ethics curriculum was redesigned to include several components that are integrated and all embracing, namely, health research ethics, healthcare ethics, health personnel education in ethics and global and public health ethics. A CoP is a group who share a common interest and a desire to learn from and contribute to the community with their variety of experiences. The CoP is dynamic and organic, generating knowledge that can be translated into effective healthcare delivery and ethical research. It requires the collaboration and social presence of active participants such as community members, healthcare professionals and educators, ethicists and policy makers to benefit the community by developing approaches that adapt to and resonate with the community and its healthcare needs. Philosophical principles constitute the foundation or underpinning of this innovative curriculum. Recommendations are presented that will continue to guide the consolidation and sustainability of the CoP.

  18. Next generation dynamic global vegetation models: learning from community ecology (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheiter, S.; Higgins, S.; Langan, L.

    2013-12-01

    Dynamic global vegetation models are a powerful tool to project past, current and future vegetation patterns and the associated biogeochemical cycles. However, most models are limited by their representation of vegetation by using static and pre-defined plant functional types and by their simplistic representation of competition. We discuss how concepts from community assembly theory and coexistence theory can help to improve dynamic vegetation models. We present a trait- and individual-based dynamic vegetation model, the aDGVM2, that allows individual plants to adopt a unique combination of trait values. These traits define how individual plants grow, compete and reproduce under the given biotic and abiotic conditions. A genetic optimization algorithm is used to simulate trait inheritance and reproductive isolation between individuals. These model properties allow the assembly of plant communities that are adapted to biotic and abiotic conditions. We show (1) that the aDGVM2 can simulate coarse vegetation patterns in Africa, (2) that changes in the environmental conditions and disturbances strongly influence trait diversity and the assembled plant communities by influencing traits such as leaf phenology and carbon allocation patterns of individual plants and (3) that communities do not necessarily return to the initial state when environmental conditions return to the initial state. The aDGVM2 deals with functional diversity and competition fundamentally differently from current models and allows novel insights as to how vegetation may respond to climate change. We believe that the aDGVM2 approach could foster collaborations between research communities that focus on functional plant ecology, plant competition, plant physiology and Earth system science.

  19. English Teachers’ Teaching Quality in Madrasah in Jakarta and Banten based on the Dynamic Model of Educational Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nurul Azkiya

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper was intended to describe English teachers’ teaching quality in teaching reading comprehension and provide some reflection and suggestion on how teaching quality could be improved. The classroom factors of the dynamic model (orientation, structuring, questioning, modeling, application, assessment, time management, and making classroom as a learning environment [CLE] were used as a reference to conceptualize teaching quality. Classroom observation instrument was used to measure teaching quality of 59 English teachers in Madrasah Tsanawiyah in the provinces of Jakarta and Banten with a focus on reading comprehension. The findings showed that among the above eight factors, teachers rarely practiced orientation, structuring, modeling, and CLE. In addition, they did not provide enough application whereas a lot of time was spent for reading aloud and translating the text. Nevertheless, they started to raise questions and conduct assessment. With respect to questioning, however, the questions were limited to product questions, which did not promote critical thinking. Finally, the assessment method used was limited to questioning. Abstrak Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan kualitas guru Bahasa Inggris dalam mengajar reading comprehension dan memberikan rekomendasi strategi meningkatkan kualitas mengajar. Delapan aspek yang ada dalam the Ddynamic Model (orientation, structuring, questioning, modeling, application, assessment, time management, and making classroom as a learning environment [CLE] dijadikan sebagai pijakan untuk mendefinisikan konsep kualitas mengajar. Penelitian ini menggunakan instrumen observasi kelas untuk melihat bagaimana guru mengajar reading comprehension. Partisipan penelitian ini adalah 59 guru Bahasa Inggris di Madrasah Tsanawiyah di propinsi DKI Jakarta dan Banten. Temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa di antara delapan aspek kualitas mengajar yang dalam the Dynamic Model, kebanyakan guru jarang

  20. Teaching Diversified Organic Crop Production Using the Community Supported Agriculture Farming System Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, Constance L.; Pao, Pauline; Cramer, Christopher S.

    2005-01-01

    An organic garden operated as a community supported agriculture (CSA) venture on the New Mexico State University (NMSU) main campus was begun in January 2002. Students enroll in an organic vegetable production class during spring and fall semesters to help manage and work on the project. The CSA model of farming involves the sale of shares to…

  1. Updating sea spray aerosol emissions in the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sea spray aerosols (SSA) impact the particle mass concentration and gas-particle partitioning in coastal environments, with implications for human and ecosystem health. In this study, the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model is updated to enhance fine mode SSA emissions,...

  2. Socialization of Coping with Community Violence: Influences of Caregiver Coaching, Modeling, and Family Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kliewer, Wendy; Parrish, Katie Adams; Taylor, Kelli W.; Jackson, Kate; Walker, Jean M.; Shivy, Victoria A.

    2006-01-01

    A socialization model of coping with community violence was tested in 101 African American adolescents (55% male, ages 9-13) and their maternal caregivers living in high-violence areas of a mid-sized, southeastern city. Participants completed interviews assessing caregiver coping, family context, and child adjustment. Caregiver-child dyads also…

  3. Simulation tools for developing policies for complex systems: modeling the health and safety of refugee communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James; Chaturvedi, Alok; Cibulskis, Mike

    2007-12-01

    The U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants estimated that there were over 33 million refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the world at the beginning of 2005. IDP/Refugee communities behave in complex ways making it difficult to make policy decisions regarding the provision of humanitarian aid and health and safety. This paper reports the construction of an agent-based model that has been used to study humanitarian assistance policies executed by governments and NGOs that provide for the health and safety of refugee communities. Agent-based modeling (ABM) was chosen because the more widely used alternatives impose unrealistic restrictions and assumptions on the system being modeled and primarily apply to aggregate data. We created intelligent agents representing institutions, organizations, individuals, infrastructure, and governments and analyzed the resulting interactions and emergent behavior using a Central Composite Design of Experiments with five factors. The resulting model allows policy makers and analysts to create scenarios, to make rapid changes in parameters, and provides a test bed for concepts and strategies. Policies can be examined to see how refugee communities might respond to alternative courses of action and how these actions are likely to affect the health and well-being of the community.

  4. Career Information System Project: "Supermarket" Guidance System Conceptual Model for Suburban Community Colleges. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foothill Coll., Los Altos Hills, CA.

    This publication documents one community college's experience in setting up a "supermarket" guidance system model. Its goals were to maximize the number and kinds of available services, and make them maximally accessible to all students. A commercial design firm was hired to analyze the school's present and future requirements. A computer…

  5. Understanding the Influence of Model Minority Stereotypes on Asian American Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assalone, Amanda E.; Fann, Amy

    2017-01-01

    Contrary to the model minority myth that portrays Asian Americans as academic all-stars overrepresented in elite 4-year institutions, nearly half of all Asian American college students do, in fact, attend community colleges, and many experience myriad challenges. This exploratory study utilized a qualitative analysis and investigated how model…

  6. Faculty Learning Communities: A Model for Supporting Curriculum Changes in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engin, Marion; Atkinson, Fairlie

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on a faculty learning community (FLC) as a professional development model for faculty in an English-medium university in the United Arab Emirates. The authors describe how the introduction of a new learning and teaching technology, in the form of iPads, resulted in many of the faculty feeling unsure about their pedagogy. A…

  7. Null Models and Modularity Based Community Detection in Multi-Layer Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Paul, Subhadeep

    2016-01-01

    Multi-layer networks are networks on a set of entities (nodes) with multiple types of relations (edges) among them where each type of relation/interaction is represented as a network layer. As with single layer networks, community detection is an important task in multi-layer networks. A large group of popular community detection methods in networks are based on optimizing a quality function known as the modularity score, which is a measure of presence of modules or communities in networks. Hence a first step in community detection is defining a suitable modularity score that is appropriate for the network in question. Here we introduce several multi-layer network modularity measures under different null models of the network, motivated by empirical observations in networks from a diverse field of applications. In particular we define the multi-layer configuration model, the multi-layer expected degree model and their various modifications as null models for multi-layer networks to derive different modulariti...

  8. Curriculum-Integrated Information Literacy (CIIL) in a Community College Nursing Program: A Practical Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argüelles, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    This article describes a strategy to integrate information literacy into the curriculum of a nursing program in a community college. The model is articulated in four explained phases: preparatory, planning, implementation, and evaluation. It describes a collaborative process encouraging librarians to work with nursing faculty, driving students to…

  9. Teaching Diversified Organic Crop Production Using the Community Supported Agriculture Farming System Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, Constance L.; Pao, Pauline; Cramer, Christopher S.

    2005-01-01

    An organic garden operated as a community supported agriculture (CSA) venture on the New Mexico State University (NMSU) main campus was begun in January 2002. Students enroll in an organic vegetable production class during spring and fall semesters to help manage and work on the project. The CSA model of farming involves the sale of shares to…

  10. Sensitivity analysis in the WWTP modelling community – new opportunities and applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sin, Gürkan; Ruano, M.V.; Neumann, Marc B.

    2010-01-01

    A mainstream viewpoint on sensitivity analysis in the wastewater modelling community is that it is a first-order differential analysis of outputs with respect to the parameters – typically obtained by perturbing one parameter at a time with a small factor. An alternative viewpoint on sensitivity ...

  11. Curriculum-Integrated Information Literacy (CIIL) in a Community College Nursing Program: A Practical Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argüelles, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    This article describes a strategy to integrate information literacy into the curriculum of a nursing program in a community college. The model is articulated in four explained phases: preparatory, planning, implementation, and evaluation. It describes a collaborative process encouraging librarians to work with nursing faculty, driving students to…

  12. Community Dissemination of the Early Start Denver Model: Implications for Science and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vismara, Laurie A.; Young, Gregory S.; Rogers, Sally J.

    2013-01-01

    The growing number of Autism Spectrum Disorder cases exceeds the services available for these children. This increase challenges both researchers and service providers to develop systematic, effective dissemination strategies for transporting university research models to community early intervention (EI) programs. The current study developed an…

  13. The Development of Community-Based Health Information Exchanges: A Comparative Assessment of Organizational Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champagne, Tiffany

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation research was to critically examine the development of community-based health information exchanges (HIEs) and to comparatively analyze the various models of exchanges in operation today nationally. Specifically this research sought to better understand several aspects of HIE: policy influences, organizational…

  14. University-Community Partnership Models: Employing Organizational Management Theories of Paradox and Strategic Contradiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Amanda M.

    2017-01-01

    University-Community (U-C) partnerships have the potential to respond to society's most pressing needs through engaged scholarship. Despite this promise, partnerships face paradoxical tensions and inherent contradictions that are often not fully addressed in U-C partnership models or frameworks, or in practice. This article seeks to explore the…

  15. Exploring Conceptual Models for Community Engagement at Higher Education Institutions in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Gerda

    2008-01-01

    A critical conceptual analysis of the South African Higher Education context reflects the lack of a structural and functional framework for the conceptualisation of community engagement (CE) in higher education. The purpose of this article is to explore a framework and model for the conceptualisation of CE for a better understanding of community…

  16. The U.S. Community College Model and Vietnam's Higher Education System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliver, Diane

    This paper reports on research conducted to determine if United States' community college model can be applied to higher education systems in developing countries. The author examined Vietnam's higher education system and conducted a case study of Can Tho University (CTU) in the Mekong Delta. First, common characteristics found among community…

  17. Integrated Organic Farm; a model aimed at contributing to food security for indigenous communities in Talamanca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Salazar-Díaz

    2015-06-01

    Traditional farming in Talamanca comes from the continuous and balanced relationship between humans and their natural environment; however, there is evidence of deterioration in this relationship. As a result of this initiative, this proposal intends to be a model to be replicated in neighboring communities and so contribute to sustainable human development in the region of Talamanca.

  18. Status of GPCR modeling and docking as reflected by community-wide GPCR Dock 2010 assessment.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kufareva, I.; Rueda, M.; Katritch, V.; Stevens, R.C.; Abagyan, R.; Vroling, B.; Sanders, M.P.A.

    2011-01-01

    The community-wide GPCR Dock assessment is conducted to evaluate the status of molecular modeling and ligand docking for human G protein-coupled receptors. The present round of the assessment was based on the recent structures of dopamine D3 and CXCR4 chemokine receptors bound to small molecule

  19. Establishing the psychometric properties of constructs in a community-based participatory research conceptual model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oetzel, John G; Zhou, Chuan; Duran, Bonnie; Pearson, Cynthia; Magarati, Maya; Lucero, Julie; Wallerstein, Nina; Villegas, Malia

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to establish the psychometric properties of 22 measures from a community-based participatory research (CBPR) conceptual model. The design of this study was an online, cross-sectional survey of academic and community partners involved in a CPBR project. CPBR projects (294) in the United States with federal funding in 2009. Of the 404 academic and community partners invited, 312 (77.2%) participated. Of the 200 principal investigators/project directors invited, 138 (69.0%) participated. Twenty-two measures of CBPR context, group dynamics, methods, and health-related outcomes were examined. Confirmatory factor analysis to establish factorial validity and Pearson correlations to establish convergent and divergent validity were used. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated strong factorial validity for the 22 constructs. Pearson correlations (p < .001) supported the convergent and divergent validity of the measures. Internal consistency was strong, with 18 of 22 measures achieving at least a .78 Cronbach α. CBPR is a key approach for health promotion in underserved communities and/or communities of color, yet the basic psychometric properties of CBPR constructs have not been well established. This study provides evidence of the factorial, convergent, and discriminant validity and the internal consistency of 22 measures related to the CBPR conceptual model. Thus, these measures can be used with confidence by both CBPR practitioners and researchers to evaluate their own CBPR partnerships and to advance the science of CBPR.

  20. CC-PSM: A Preference-Aware Selection Model for Cloud Service Based on Consumer Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to give full consideration to the consumer’s personal preference in cloud service selection strategies and improve the credibility of service prediction, a preference-aware cloud service selection model based on consumer community (CC-PSM is presented in this work. The objective of CC-PSM is to select a service meeting a target consumer’s demands and preference. Firstly, the correlation between cloud consumers from a bipartite network for service selection is mined to compute the preference similarity between them. Secondly, an improved hierarchical clustering algorithm is designed to discover the consumer community with similar preferences so as to form the trusted groups for service recommendation. In the clustering process, a quantization function called community degree is given to evaluate the quality of community structure. Thirdly, a prediction model based on consumer community is built to predict a consumer’s evaluation on an unknown service. The experimental results show that CC-PSM can effectively partition the consumers based on their preferences and has good effectiveness in service selection applications.

  1. Modelling of volunteer satisfaction and intention to remain in community service: A stepwise approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Hazlin; Wahid, Sharifah Norhuda Syed; Jais, Mohammad; Ridzuan, Arifi

    2017-05-01

    The purpose of this study is to obtain the most significant model of volunteer satisfaction and intention to remain in community service by using a stepwise approach. Currently, Malaysians, young and old are showing more interests in involving themselves in community service projects, either locally or internationally. This positive movement of serving the needy is somehow being halted by the lack of human and financial resources. Therefore, the trend today sees organizers of such projects depend heavily on voluntary supports as they enable project managers to add and to expand the quantity and diversity of services offered without exhausting the minimal budget available. Volunteers are considered a valuable commodity as the available pool of volunteers may be declining due to various reasons which include the volunteer satisfaction. In tandem with the existing situation, a selected sample of 215 diploma students from one of the public universities in Malaysia, who have been involved in at least one community service project, agreed that everybody should have a volunteering intention in helping others. The findings revealed that the most significant model obtained contains two factors that contributed towards intention to remain in community service; work assignment and organizational support, with work assignment becoming the most significant factor. Further research on the differences of intention to remain in community service between students' stream and gender would be conducted to contribute to the body of knowledge.

  2. The development of a recruiting-drawing-inventory model for a community blood bank system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smackey, B M

    1975-01-01

    A community blood bank system is a multiorganizational program that is designed to supply the blood needs of a community. Participating in such a program are hospitals, a central blood bank, industrial donor groups, the American Red Cross, advisory committees, and the community at large. The underlying determinant of the community's success or failure with its blood program is the degree of cooperation among the various organizations. Intertwined with organizational considerations are the management problems associated with the operation of a responsive and efficient inventory control system. This paper reports on the development of a system for a community blood bank that is in its third year of operation. The system that has been developed can be operated manually by a part-time clerk. Details of the model include an integration of the donor scheduling function and the inventory control function. Simulated testing of the model has been conducted and full-scale implementation is awaiting the expansion of the known donor base.

  3. The SCEC Community Modeling Environment (SCEC/CME) - An Overview of its Architecture and Current Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maechling, P. J.; Jordan, T. H.; Minster, B.; Moore, R.; Kesselman, C.; SCEC ITR Collaboration

    2004-12-01

    The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), in collaboration with the San Diego Supercomputer Center, the USC Information Sciences Institute, the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology, and the U.S. Geological Survey, is developing the Southern California Earthquake Center Community Modeling Environment (CME) under a five-year grant from the National Science Foundation's Information Technology Research (ITR) Program jointly funded by the Geosciences and Computer and Information Science & Engineering Directorates. The CME system is an integrated geophysical simulation modeling framework that automates the process of selecting, configuring, and executing models of earthquake systems. During the Project's first three years, we have performed fundamental geophysical and information technology research and have also developed substantial system capabilities, software tools, and data collections that can help scientist perform systems-level earthquake science. The CME system provides collaborative tools to facilitate distributed research and development. These collaborative tools are primarily communication tools, providing researchers with access to information in ways that are convenient and useful. The CME system provides collaborators with access to significant computing and storage resources. The computing resources of the Project include in-house servers, Project allocations on USC High Performance Computing Linux Cluster, as well as allocations on NPACI Supercomputers and the TeraGrid. The CME system provides access to SCEC community geophysical models such as the Community Velocity Model, Community Fault Model, Community Crustal Motion Model, and the Community Block Model. The organizations that develop these models often provide access to them so it is not necessary to use the CME system to access these models. However, in some cases, the CME system supplements the SCEC community models with utility codes that make it easier to use or access

  4. Integrating Cloud Processes in the Community Atmosphere Model, Version 5.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, S.; Bretherton, Christopher S.; Rasch, Philip J.

    2014-09-15

    This paper provides a description on the parameterizations of global cloud system in CAM5. Compared to the previous versions, CAM5 cloud parameterization has the following unique characteristics: (1) a transparent cloud macrophysical structure that has horizontally non-overlapped deep cumulus, shallow cumulus and stratus in each grid layer, each of which has own cloud fraction, mass and number concentrations of cloud liquid droplets and ice crystals, (2) stratus-radiation-turbulence interaction that allows CAM5 to simulate marine stratocumulus solely from grid-mean RH without relying on the stability-based empirical empty stratus, (3) prognostic treatment of the number concentrations of stratus liquid droplets and ice crystals with activated aerosols and detrained in-cumulus condensates as the main sources and evaporation-sedimentation-precipitation of stratus condensate as the main sinks, and (4) radiatively active cumulus. By imposing consistency between diagnosed stratus fraction and prognosed stratus condensate, CAM5 is free from empty or highly-dense stratus at the end of stratus macrophysics. CAM5 also prognoses mass and number concentrations of various aerosol species. Thanks to the aerosol activation and the parameterizations of the radiation and stratiform precipitation production as a function of the droplet size, CAM5 simulates various aerosol indirect effects associated with stratus as well as direct effects, i.e., aerosol controls both the radiative and hydrological budgets. Detailed analysis of various simulations revealed that CAM5 is much better than CAM3/4 in the global performance as well as the physical formulation. However, several problems were also identifed, which can be attributed to inappropriate regional tuning, inconsistency between various physics parameterizations, and incomplete model physics. Continuous efforts are going on to further improve CAM5.

  5. The effects of atmospheric chemistry on radiation budget in the Community Earth Systems Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Y.; Czader, B.; Diao, L.; Rodriguez, J.; Jeong, G.

    2013-12-01

    The Community Earth Systems Model (CESM)-Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) simulations were performed to study the impact of atmospheric chemistry on the radiation budget over the surface within a weather prediction time scale. The secondary goal is to get a simplified and optimized chemistry module for the short time period. Three different chemistry modules were utilized to represent tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry, which differ in how their reactions and species are represented: (1) simplified tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry (approximately 30 species), (2) simplified tropospheric chemistry and comprehensive stratospheric chemistry from the Model of Ozone and Related Chemical Tracers, version 3 (MOZART-3, approximately 60 species), and (3) comprehensive tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry (MOZART-4, approximately 120 species). Our results indicate the different details in chemistry treatment from these model components affect the surface temperature and impact the radiation budget.

  6. Evaluating uncertainty estimates in hydrologic models: borrowing measures from the forecast verification community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. J. Franz

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The hydrologic community is generally moving towards the use of probabilistic estimates of streamflow, primarily through the implementation of Ensemble Streamflow Prediction (ESP systems, ensemble data assimilation methods, or multi-modeling platforms. However, evaluation of probabilistic outputs has not necessarily kept pace with ensemble generation. Much of the modeling community is still performing model evaluation using standard deterministic measures, such as error, correlation, or bias, typically applied to the ensemble mean or median. Probabilistic forecast verification methods have been well developed, particularly in the atmospheric sciences, yet few have been adopted for evaluating uncertainty estimates in hydrologic model simulations. In the current paper, we overview existing probabilistic forecast verification methods and apply the methods to evaluate and compare model ensembles produced from two different parameter uncertainty estimation methods: the Generalized Uncertainty Likelihood Estimator (GLUE, and the Shuffle Complex Evolution Metropolis (SCEM. Model ensembles are generated for the National Weather Service SACramento Soil Moisture Accounting (SAC-SMA model for 12 forecast basins located in the Southeastern United States. We evaluate the model ensembles using relevant metrics in the following categories: distribution, correlation, accuracy, conditional statistics, and categorical statistics. We show that the presented probabilistic metrics are easily adapted to model simulation ensembles and provide a robust analysis of model performance associated with parameter uncertainty. Application of these methods requires no information in addition to what is already available as part of traditional model validation methodology and considers the entire ensemble or uncertainty range in the approach.

  7. Impacts of forest fragmentation on species richness: a hierarchical approach to community modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zipkin, Elise F.; DeWan, Amielle; Royle, J. Andrew

    2009-01-01

    1. Species richness is often used as a tool for prioritizing cons