WorldWideScience

Sample records for model teaching practices

  1. Teaching-Family Model: Insuring Quality Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElgunn, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    The Teaching-Family Model was one of the earliest approaches to be supported by an extensive research base. As it has evolved over four decades, it retains the focus on teaching and learning but incorporates a strength- and relationship-based orientation. The model is also unique in gathering ongoing practice-based evidence to insure quality.

  2. A Blended Learning Model for Teaching Practice Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caner, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to introduce a blended learning environment and a model for pre-service teaching practice course in English Language Teacher Training Program at Anadolu University. It is supposed that providing a blended learning environment for teaching practice course would improve the practice and contribute to the professional…

  3. A BLENDED LEARNING MODEL FOR TEACHING PRACTICE COURSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa CANER

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to introduce a blended learning environment and a model for pre-service teaching practice course in English Language Teacher Training Program at Anadolu University. It is supposed that providing a blended learning environment for teaching practice course would improve the practice and contribute to the professional growth of pre-service teachers. Since it will increase the contact hours among students and university supervisors and facilitate peer feedback among pre-service teachers, which in turn, create a productive learning environment for them. Thus, the present paper aimed at providing a blended learning model for teaching practice courses at teacher training institutions and give impetus for the researchers or instructors who would like to implement blended learning in their own teaching environments. Additionally, the present study intends to contribute expanded understanding to the way blending the learning environments, and contribute additional understanding to the knowledge base about the implementation of blended learning for a teaching practice course. Finally, through illustrating a blended learning environment for teaching practice course, it is hoped that this study might contribute to the growing body of knowledge of blended delivery and blended learning in higher education.

  4. Improving Teaching and Learning: Three Models to Reshape Educational Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberson, Sam

    2014-01-01

    The work of schools is teaching and learning. However, the current educational culture is dominated by three characteristics: (1) the mechanistic view of organization and its practice based on the assembly line model where students progress along a value added conveyor; (2) the predominance of the Essentialist philosophy of education, in which the…

  5. Teaching Reform and Practice in Engineering Drawing Based on 3D Modeling with Computer%Teaching Reform and Practice in Engineering Drawing Based on 3D Modeling with Computer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jian-hua; HAO Yu-xin

    2011-01-01

    Based on the necessity of three dimensional modeling with computer in teaching reform, this paper is the summarization of reform practice of teaching engineering drawing in our institute. The teaching reform begins with three dimensional modeling that used computer instead of board. On the basis of target of teaching reform, set of teaching content, arrangement of class hour and teaching method, the research of teaching practice have been done, and very good effects in teaching of engineering drawing have been achieved.

  6. Practical Teaching & Learning Model: A Modern Dimension for Business Management Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolachi, Nadir Ali

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to evaluate and investigate the most suitable model required for teaching business Management curriculum. The paper will report a new dimension of Business Management Teaching. For this purpose, a Practical teaching & Learning Model has been prepared and will be discussed through qualitative research…

  7. Is different better? Models of teaching and their influence on the net financial outcome for general practice teaching posts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background In Australia, training for general practice (GP) occurs within private practices and their involvement in teaching can have significant financial costs. At the same time there are growing demands for clinical places for all disciplines and for GP there is concern that there are insufficient teaching practices to meet the demand at the medical student, prevocational and vocational training levels. One option to address this may be to change how teaching occurs in the practice. A question that arises in posing such an option is whether different models of teaching change the costs for a teaching practice. The aim of this study is to determine the net financial outcome of teaching models in private GP. Methods Modelling the financial implications for a range of teaching options using a costing framework developed from a survey of teaching practices in South Australia. Each option was compared with the traditional model of teaching where one GP supervisor is singularly responsible for one learner. The main outcome measure was net financial outcome per week. Decisions on the model cost parameters were made by the study's Steering Group which comprised of experienced GP supervisors. Four teaching models are presented. Model 1 investigates the gains from teaching multiple same level learners, Models 2 and 3, the benefits of vertically integrated teaching using different permutations, and Model 4 the concept of a GP teacher who undertakes all the teaching. Results There was a significant increase in net benefits of Aus$547 per week (95% confidence intervals $459, $668) to the practice when a GP taught two same level learners (Model 1) and when a senior registrar participated in teaching a prevocational doctor (Model 3, Aus$263, 95% confidence intervals $80, $570). For Model 2, a practice could significantly reduce the loss if a registrar was involved in vertically integrated teaching which included the training of a medical student (Aus$551, 95% confidence

  8. Is different better? Models of teaching and their influence on the net financial outcome for general practice teaching posts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheah Carolyn

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Australia, training for general practice (GP occurs within private practices and their involvement in teaching can have significant financial costs. At the same time there are growing demands for clinical places for all disciplines and for GP there is concern that there are insufficient teaching practices to meet the demand at the medical student, prevocational and vocational training levels. One option to address this may be to change how teaching occurs in the practice. A question that arises in posing such an option is whether different models of teaching change the costs for a teaching practice. The aim of this study is to determine the net financial outcome of teaching models in private GP. Methods Modelling the financial implications for a range of teaching options using a costing framework developed from a survey of teaching practices in South Australia. Each option was compared with the traditional model of teaching where one GP supervisor is singularly responsible for one learner. The main outcome measure was net financial outcome per week. Decisions on the model cost parameters were made by the study's Steering Group which comprised of experienced GP supervisors. Four teaching models are presented. Model 1 investigates the gains from teaching multiple same level learners, Models 2 and 3, the benefits of vertically integrated teaching using different permutations, and Model 4 the concept of a GP teacher who undertakes all the teaching. Results There was a significant increase in net benefits of Aus$547 per week (95% confidence intervals $459, $668 to the practice when a GP taught two same level learners (Model 1 and when a senior registrar participated in teaching a prevocational doctor (Model 3, Aus$263, 95% confidence intervals $80, $570. For Model 2, a practice could significantly reduce the loss if a registrar was involved in vertically integrated teaching which included the training of a medical student (Aus

  9. Teaching Practice in Cameroon: The Effectiveness of the University of Buea Model and Implications for Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endeley, Margaret Nalova

    2014-01-01

    The paper aimed at assessing the effectiveness of the teaching practice model in the University of Buea, which is different from that of other teacher education institutions in Cameroon. Teaching Practice is an important component of a teacher education programme and the quality of supervision and duration are key in achieving effectiveness which…

  10. A Geometric Model to Teach Nature of Science, Science Practices, and Metacognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyman, Matthew; St. Clair, Tyler

    2016-01-01

    Using the science practice model in science classes for preservice teachers addresses three important aspects of science teacher preparation: teaching the nonlinear nature of scientific process, using scientific practices rather than the ambiguous term "inquiry-based," and emphasizing the process of metacognition as an important tool in…

  11. Clinical Supervision Model in Teaching Practice: Does It Make a Difference in Supervisors' Performance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürsoy, Esim; Kesner, John Edward; Salihoglu, Umut Muharrem

    2016-01-01

    In search for better practices there has been a plethora of research in preservice teacher training. To contribute to the literature, the current study aims at investigating teacher trainees' and cooperating teachers' views about the performance and contribution of supervisors during teaching practice after using Clinical Supervision Model.…

  12. A Geometric Model to Teach Nature of Science, Science Practices, and Metacognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyman, Matthew; St. Clair, Tyler

    2016-01-01

    Using the science practice model in science classes for preservice teachers addresses three important aspects of science teacher preparation: teaching the nonlinear nature of scientific process, using scientific practices rather than the ambiguous term "inquiry-based," and emphasizing the process of metacognition as an important tool in…

  13. Developing a Teaching Model Using an Online Collaboration Approach for a Digital Technique Practical Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muchlas

    2015-01-01

    This research is aimed to produce a teaching model and its supporting instruments using a collaboration approach for a digital technique practical work attended by higher education students. The model is found to be flexible and relatively low cost. Through this research, feasibility and learning impact of the model will be determined. The model…

  14. Teaching Processes and Practices for an Australian Multicultural Classroom: Two Complementary Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winch-Dummett, Carlene

    2004-01-01

    Which pedagogical processes and practices that target the recognition, value and sharing of world views in teaching and learning can be identified as strategies for learning to live together in an Australian multicultural classroom? The question is addressed by this paper, which presents two discrete but complementary pedagogical models that…

  15. Exploration and Practice of Blended Teaching Model Based Flipped Classroom and SPOC in Higher University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xin-Hong; Wang, Jing-Ping; Wen, Fu-Ji; Wang, Jun; Tao, Jian-Qing

    2016-01-01

    SPOC is characterized by improving teaching effectiveness. Currently open teaching mode is the popular trend, which is mainly related to several aspects: how to carry out teaching practice by using MOOC proprietary, high-quality online teaching resources in open education, that is, deep integration of curriculum resources and teaching design. On…

  16. My Teaching Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨绵

    2006-01-01

    @@ Teaching practice is the compulsory course before working1. As a student is going to graduate, teaching practice plays an important role in my life.2 It is like a song full of sorrow and joy, still be rested in my mind and never move away.3

  17. Inconsistencies within Attachment Teaching Practice in Zimbabwe: Call for a Participatory Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chikunda, Charles

    2008-01-01

    This article raises some inconsistencies observed in attachment teaching practice in Zimbabwe. The argument made is that these inconsistencies are caused by the different philosophical approaches informing attachment teaching practice and its delivery, which is largely visible in teaching practice supervision. The discussion shows that while…

  18. INTEGRATIVE METHOD OF TEACHING INFORMATION MODELING IN PRACTICAL HEALTH SERVICE BASED ON MICROSOFT ACCESS QUERIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana A. Firsova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: this article explores the pedagogical technology employed to teach medical students foundations of work with MICROSOFT ACCESS databases. The above technology is based on integrative approach to the information modeling in public health practice, drawing upon basic didactic concepts that pertain to objects and tools databases created in MICROSOFT ACCESS. The article examines successive steps in teaching the topic “Queries in MICROSOFT ACCESS” – from simple queries to complex ones. The main attention is paid to such components of methodological system, as the principles and teaching methods classified according to the degree of learners’ active cognitive activity. The most interesting is the diagram of the relationship of learning principles, teaching methods and specific types of requests. Materials and Methods: the authors used comparative analysis of literature, syllabi, curricula in medical informatics taught at leading medical universities in Russia. Results: the original technique of training in putting queries with databases of MICROSOFT ACCESS is presented for analysis of information models in practical health care. Discussion and Conclusions: it is argued that the proposed pedagogical technology will significantly improve the effectiveness of teaching the course “Medical Informatics”, that includes development and application of models to simulate the operation of certain facilities and services of the health system which, in turn, increases the level of information culture of practitioners.

  19. Teaching research in clinical pastoral education: a survey of model practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tartaglia, Alexander; Fitchett, George; Dodd-McCue, Diane; Murphy, Patricia; Derrickson, Paul E

    2013-03-01

    The Association of Professional Chaplains (APC) developed Standards of Practice for Acute and Long-term settings. Standard 12 promotes research-literate chaplains as important for the profession. Since many chaplains receive training in clinical pastoral education (CPE) residency programs, the aim of this study was to identify model practices for the teaching of research in such programs. Using a purposeful sample, this study identified 11 programs that offered "consistent and substantive" education in research. Common features included the existence of a research champion, a culture supportive of research, and the availability of institutional resources. The study identified models and methodologies that CPE programs can adopt.

  20. Suggestions for Teaching Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAN Na-na

    2013-01-01

    Teacher development and teaching practice(TP) have caught the eyes of researchers at home and abroad for many years. Many western scholars hold that reflective teaching is an efficient way to promote teacher development, but traditional TP is prevailing in China. Based on the merits and demerits of traditional TP and reflective TP, the author hopes to provide some suggestions for the people involved to promote the development of teacher education.

  1. Peer Observation of Teaching: The Interaction between Peer Review and Developmental Models of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yiend, Jenny; Weller, Saranne; Kinchin, Ian

    2014-01-01

    Teaching observation is widely promoted as a mechanism for developing teaching practice in higher education. Specifically, formative peer observation is considered by many to be a powerful tool for providing feedback to individual teachers, disseminating disciplinary good practice and fostering a local evaluative enhancement culture. Despite its…

  2. Peer Observation of Teaching: The Interaction between Peer Review and Developmental Models of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yiend, Jenny; Weller, Saranne; Kinchin, Ian

    2014-01-01

    Teaching observation is widely promoted as a mechanism for developing teaching practice in higher education. Specifically, formative peer observation is considered by many to be a powerful tool for providing feedback to individual teachers, disseminating disciplinary good practice and fostering a local evaluative enhancement culture. Despite its…

  3. Alternative uses of didactics scripts and anatomy models in the teaching-learning in practical human anatomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gleidially Nayara Bezerra Moraes

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The teaching and learning process is complex and difficult presented with respect to the human anatomy. Thus, the improvement of teaching resources applied to the teaching of this discipline, shows up as a satisfactory trend and encourages student participation as an active subject in the search for new informations, giving essential support teaching-learning process. The aim of the study was to verify the existence and utilization of teaching scripts and anatomical models in practicals classes of Human Anatomy. The study was a descriptive systematic review, developed with scientific production indexed in electronic databases LILACS, MEDLINE, GOOGLE ACADEMICO and SciELO; as well as Brazilian proceedings. Among the 17 articles found, 9 showed the use of anatomical models, 7 showed other methods used, and only 1 on the use of didactic manual on classroom practice of this discipline. From the study, it can be observed that the use of teaching scripts for teaching in practical classes of Human Anatomy is an innovative method and the use of anatomical models alternative has shown positive results in the teaching-learning process. However, these methods, ever can replace the use of the corpse in the teaching of this discipline.

  4. A Vision for Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollins, Etta R.

    2011-01-01

    "Teaching practice" refers to the professional discourse, knowledge, skills, tools, and habits of mind underlying the interpretive processes that characterize expert teaching practice. Such expert practice is located within and responsive to micro- and macrocontexts and situations. In a well-articulated vision, learning teaching practice is…

  5. EFFECTIVE TEACHING PRACTICES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tomic, W.

    2008-01-01

    Before the cognitive shift in educational psychology research on teaching practices that bring about the desired learning outcomes on the part of the students was dominated by the process-product research program. The findings of this confirmative research approach show that an effective lesson may

  6. Parsing the Practice of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Mary

    2016-01-01

    Teacher education programs typically teach novices about one part of teaching at a time. We might offer courses on different topics--cultural foundations, learning theory, or classroom management--or we may parse teaching practice itself into a set of discrete techniques, such as core teaching practices, that can be taught individually. Missing…

  7. Exploratory practice of bilingual education integrated with the PBL model in the teaching of histology and embryology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ting-ting WU; Jian-guo LI; Song YU; Zhi-de DING; Chen XU

    2015-01-01

    The bilingual education integrated with PBL method is a new teaching model which gives consideration to knowledge,ability and professional foreign language.It reflects the international integration for the reform idea of medical education.The teaching practice indicated this model might be feasible in histology and embryology.It brings not only the classic medical knowledge but also the latest medical developments to the classroom.This new teaching model plays a role in the cultivation of the ability to solve problems independently and team spirit for students.It helps students to improve their knowledge,skills,level of foreign language and quality.

  8. Educational models in academic research on the teaching practices in science education in elementary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca Chiacchio Azevedo Fernandes

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available We intended to identify the features and pedagogical trends of the school practices proposed and implemented in thesis and dissertations directed to science education at elementary school level from 1972 to 2005. Thirty studies were analysed regarding the teaching methodology, instructional resources, teacher-student relationships, evaluation, theoretical framework, and educational model (traditional, rediscovery, constructivist, technicist, STS, socio-cultural. We found that the constructivist model was dominant (63%, followed by the socio-cultural (20% and the rediscovery one (10%, and that the pedagogical practices were elaborated by researchers, applied by teachers and performed by students, showing a vertical hierarchy between university and school. However, the implemented practices (actual level usually were quite distant from the researchers discourse (proposed level. We also observed that the researchers didn’t find many difficulties in designing and applying a pedagogical proposal with innovative features, but to make changes in the school and social relations, as well as in the evaluation practices, is a barrier difficult to overcome.

  9. Preparing Social Work Students for International Interdisciplinary Practice: A Teaching Model and Its Impact on Self-Efficacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinar Zubaroglu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available To promote international social work education and prepare MSW graduates for international careers, several teaching models have been developed, including intensive teaching in international settings, hybrid teaching with study abroad components, and applied learning through service learning and international internships. Benefits of international social work education range from increased knowledge and skills in addressing global issues through policy and advocacy, to significant improvements in multi-cultural competence and awareness upon participation in structured cultural immersion programs. Current challenges for social workers in international development careers point to the need for an interdisciplinary approach to best address complex global social issues. This paper proposes an international interdisciplinary teaching model that aims to prepare social work students for international development practice. Based on a pilot study of the proposed model, students showed significant increases in the self-efficacy of interdisciplinary international knowledge and skills.

  10. A Practical Teaching Course in Directed Protein Evolution Using the Green Fluorescent Protein as a Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruller, Roberto; Silva-Rocha, Rafael; Silva, Artur; Schneider, Maria Paula Cruz; Ward, Richard John

    2011-01-01

    Protein engineering is a powerful tool, which correlates protein structure with specific functions, both in applied biotechnology and in basic research. Here, we present a practical teaching course for engineering the green fluorescent protein (GFP) from "Aequorea victoria" by a random mutagenesis strategy using error-prone polymerase…

  11. Service Learning and Community-Based Partnerships: A Model for Teaching Macro Practice Social Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nandan, Monica; Scott, Patricia

    2011-01-01

    This article describes an innovative project that combined service learning and community-based partnerships to teach macro practice skills to social work students and citizenship skills to primary school students. The partners, a small social work program, several primary schools, and an internationally recognized civic engagement program,…

  12. Structural equation modeling assessing relationship between mathematics beliefs, teachers' attitudes and teaching practices among novice teachers in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borhan, Noziati; Zakaria, Effandi

    2017-05-01

    This quantitative study was conducted to investigate the perception level of novice teachers about mathematics belief, teachers' attitude towards mathematics and teaching practices of mathematics in the classroom. In addition, it also aims to identify whether there is a correspondence model with the data obtained and to identify the relationship between the variables of beliefs, attitudes and practices among novice teachers in Malaysia. A total of 263 primary novice teachers throughout the country were involved in this study were selected randomly. Respondents are required to provide a response to the questionnaire of 66 items related to mathematics beliefs, attitudes and practices of the teaching mathematics. There are ten sub-factors which have been established in this instrument for three major constructs using a Likert scale rating of five points. The items of the constructs undergo the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) procedure involve of unidimensionality test, convergent validity, construct validity and discriminant validity. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the frequency, percentage, the mean and standard deviation for completing some research questions that have been expressed. As for inferential statistical analysis, the researchers used structural equation modeling (SEM) to answer the question of correspondents model and the relationship between these three variables. The results of the study were found that there exist a correspondence measurement and structural model with the data obtained. While the relationship between variable found that mathematics beliefs have a significant influence on teachers' attitudes towards mathematics as well as the relationship between the attitudes with teaching practices. Meanwhile, mathematics belief had no significant relationship with mathematics teaching practices among novice teachers in Malaysia.

  13. Learning and teaching ecosystem behaviour in secondary education : Systems thinking and modelling in authentic practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westra, R.H.V.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis describes developmental research, aiming at a useful approach for modern secondary ecology education. The research question is: What are the characteristics of a valid, feasible and effective learning and teaching strategy about ecosystem behaviour using modelling and systems thinking in

  14. Learning and teaching ecosystem behaviour in secondary education : Systems thinking and modelling in authentic practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westra, R.H.V.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis describes developmental research, aiming at a useful approach for modern secondary ecology education. The research question is: What are the characteristics of a valid, feasible and effective learning and teaching strategy about ecosystem behaviour using modelling and systems thinking in

  15. [Teaching practices and learning strategies in health careers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrasco Z, Constanza; Pérez V, Cristhian; Torres A, Graciela; Fasce H, Eduardo

    2016-09-01

    Medical Education, according to the constructivist education paradigm, puts students as the protagonists of the teaching and learning process. It demands changes in the practice of teaching. However, it is unclear whether this new model is coherent with the teachers’ ways to cope with learning. To analyze the relationship between teaching practices and learning strategies among teachers of health careers in Chilean universities. The Teaching Practices Questionnaire and Learning Strategies Inventory of Schmeck were applied to 200 teachers aged 24 to 72 years (64% females). Teachers use different types of teaching practices. They commonly use deep and elaborative learning strategies. A multiple regression analysis showed that learning strategies had a 13% predictive value to identify student-centered teaching, but they failed to predict teacher-centered teaching. Teaching practices and learning strategies of teachers are related. Teachers frequently select constructivist model strategies, using different teaching practices in their work.

  16. Evaluating Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leshem, Shosh; Bar-Hama, Rivka

    2008-01-01

    The evaluation of observed lessons has been the subject of much debate in the field of teacher training. Teacher trainers have tried to define quality in relation to teaching and to find ways to measure it in a reliable way. Can we evaluate the quality of teaching by observable behaviour and measurable components, in which case, can the lesson be…

  17. TEACHING AND LEARNING WITH TECHNOLOGY: A THEORETICAL MODEL FOR GOOD EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES WITH ICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Valverde Berrocoso

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to define a theoretical explanatory framework for the integration of information technologies and communication technologies (ICT in education from the perspective of teacher education. The initial and continuing training of teachers is characterized by a tendency towards "essentialisation" of technology and generation of users who do not usually think about educational uses of technology in their own contexts. Our research on the integration of ICT in the classroom has allowed us to observe the lack of connection between the personal and professional use of teachers of these technological tools, as well as the need for training is geared towards developing skills and knowledge to examine, in a critical manner, the educational implications of these new teaching aids. This article is based on the proposed Koehler & Mishra (2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 called TPCK (Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge which is based on the construct of PCK Shulman (1987 to which is added the concept of "Technology" (T to those of "Pedagogy" (P and "Curriculum Content" (C. Connections and dynamic interactions between these three key components leading to different components to be considered in understanding the processes of integration of ICT in schools. Good educational practices with ICT are multidimensional and complex actions that require (1 understand the representation and formulation of concepts and procedures for their understanding through ICT, (2 develop constructivist teaching strategies that use ICT for teaching content curriculum, (3 know the difficulties in learning concepts and how ICT can help overcome them, and (4 knowing the students' prior knowledge and the epistemology of the curriculum to understand how ICT can be used to build on pre-existing knowledge and develop new epistemologies. These skills clearly go beyond the isolation that has an expert in a curriculum (teacher of a discipline, an expert in IT (engineer, or an

  18. Modelling Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    This chapter deals with the practicalities of building, testing, deploying and maintaining models. It gives specific advice for each phase of the modelling cycle. To do this, a modelling framework is introduced which covers: problem and model definition; model conceptualization; model data...... requirements; model construction; model solution; model verification; model validation and finally model deployment and maintenance. Within the adopted methodology, each step is discussedthrough the consideration of key issues and questions relevant to the modelling activity. Practical advice, based on many...... years of experience is providing in directing the reader in their activities.Traps and pitfalls are discussed and strategies also given to improve model development towards “fit-for-purpose” models. The emphasis in this chapter is the adoption and exercise of a modelling methodology that has proven very...

  19. GROUP WORK IN TEACHING PRACTICE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    Introduction Teaching practice (TP) is an essential component of the English course at Teachers’ colleges in China, in which new recruits are provided with a platform to put what they learn in the training programme into practice. The radical change from learner to teacher usually means a difficult beginning for trainees, although they have first-hand experience of learning English as a foreign language. Facing a textbook, of which each lesson consists of several components: new words, sentence patterns, text, grammar, and exercises, they are required to work out lesson plans which will ensure the achievement of the teaching objectives.

  20. Teaching For Art Criticism: Incorporating Feldman’s Critical Analysis Learning Model In Students’ Studio Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maithreyi Subramaniam

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study adopted 30 first year graphic design students’ artwork, with critical analysis using Feldman’s model of art criticism. Data were analyzed quantitatively; descriptive statistical techniques were employed. The scores were viewed in the form of mean score and frequencies to determine students’ performances in their critical ability. Pearson Correlation Coefficient was used to find out the correlation between students’ studio practice and art critical ability scores. The findings showed most students performed slightly better than average in the critical analyses and performed best in selecting analysis among the four dimensions assessed. In the context of the students’ studio practice and critical ability, findings showed there are some connections between the students’ art critical ability and studio practice.

  1. Moral Stress in Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colnerud, Gunnel

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to study whether moral stress is a phenomenon relevant to teaching practice and which may make a significant contribution to understanding why teachers repeatedly reported feeling burdened by work. Moral stress can be caused by acting in conflict with one's own conscience, e.g. when one knows the right thing to…

  2. Moral Stress in Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colnerud, Gunnel

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to study whether moral stress is a phenomenon relevant to teaching practice and which may make a significant contribution to understanding why teachers repeatedly reported feeling burdened by work. Moral stress can be caused by acting in conflict with one's own conscience, e.g. when one knows the right thing to…

  3. The "Teaching Pyramid": A Model for the Implementation of Classroom Practices within a Program-Wide Approach to Behavior Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemmeter, Mary Louise; Fox, Lise

    2009-01-01

    The "Teaching Pyramid" (Fox, Dunlap, Hemmeter, Joseph, & Strain, 2003) is a framework for organizing evidence-based practices for promoting social-emotional development and preventing and addressing challenging behavior in preschool programs. In this article, we briefly describe the "Teaching Pyramid" as a framework for implementing effective…

  4. Interaction English Teaching Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆宇娜

    2013-01-01

      Malash—Thomas pointed out“Interaction is a process in which people and things act upon each other through their ac⁃tions.”According to different subjects, interaction can be divided into human-computer interaction, people-people interaction and learner-content interaction. According to different forms, interactions can be divided into one-one interaction, one-more interac⁃tion and more-more interaction.“Interaction Education”means that teachers are leading parts and students are the center of class. During teaching process, teachers must lead students to discover. Demands from students can encourage teachers to inspire con⁃versely.Thus it can form a close communication between teachers and students. Teaching and learning are realized in a happy and harmonious atmosphere. Successful English teaching must take new bilateral teaching as the first part, which should let the func⁃tion of the two most important elements develop fully. Teachers should grasp opportunities to guide. Teaching methods need to be flexible, and contents of teaching need to be vivid;students should be keen to think, to participate actively, and can break the tradi⁃tion to produce fresh ideas, and in that situation the capability of students can develop fully. The educational model refers to the simplified description of detailed teaching activities. Possessing dual functions of theory and practice, the educational model is the manifestation of theoretical teaching method. The combination of interaction and educational model which are mentioned above form the“interactive teaching”model. With the coming of economic globalization and integration of science and technology, now communications are increasing with each passing day. If you want to take part in or to get in touch with others, you must use lan⁃guage. English has been learnt for 10 years in Middle school and in college, but it can’t be spoken very fluently. That is a realistic picture as the result of an

  5. 动物学秦岭山地实践课程教学模式的探索%Research on the Mountain Practice Teaching Model of Zoology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑雪莉; 陈铁山; 唐福全; 卜书海

    2012-01-01

    从实习的准备、实施和整理等方面,探讨了动物学野外山地实习教学模式的改革,并分析了取得的教学效果.%The reform of mountain practice teaching model was discussed from the preparation,execution and readjustment phases,and the a-chieved teaching effects were analyzed.

  6. You can't teach speed: sprinters falsify the deliberate practice model of expertise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardo, Michael P; Deaner, Robert O

    2014-01-01

    Many scientists agree that expertise requires both innate talent and proper training. Nevertheless, the highly influential deliberate practice model (DPM) of expertise holds that talent does not exist or makes a negligible contribution to performance. It predicts that initial performance will be unrelated to achieving expertise and that 10 years of deliberate practice is necessary. We tested these predictions in the domain of sprinting. In Studies 1 and 2 we reviewed biographies of 15 Olympic champions and the 20 fastest American men in U.S. history. In all documented cases, sprinters were exceptional prior to initiating training, and most reached world class status rapidly (Study 1 median = 3 years; Study 2 = 7.5). In Study 3 we surveyed U.S. national collegiate championships qualifiers in sprinters (n = 20) and throwers (n = 44). Sprinters recalled being faster as youths than did throwers, whereas throwers recalled greater strength and throwing ability. Sprinters' best performances in their first season of high school, generally the onset of formal training, were consistently faster than 95-99% of their peers. Collectively, these results falsify the DPM for sprinting. Because speed is foundational for many sports, they challenge the DPM generally.

  7. You can’t teach speed: sprinters falsify the deliberate practice model of expertise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael P. Lombardo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Many scientists agree that expertise requires both innate talent and proper training. Nevertheless, the highly influential deliberate practice model (DPM of expertise holds that talent does not exist or makes a negligible contribution to performance. It predicts that initial performance will be unrelated to achieving expertise and that 10 years of deliberate practice is necessary. We tested these predictions in the domain of sprinting. In Studies 1 and 2 we reviewed biographies of 15 Olympic champions and the 20 fastest American men in U.S. history. In all documented cases, sprinters were exceptional prior to initiating training, and most reached world class status rapidly (Study 1 median = 3 years; Study 2 = 7.5. In Study 3 we surveyed U.S. national collegiate championships qualifiers in sprinters (n = 20 and throwers (n = 44. Sprinters recalled being faster as youths than did throwers, whereas throwers recalled greater strength and throwing ability. Sprinters’ best performances in their first season of high school, generally the onset of formal training, were consistently faster than 95–99% of their peers. Collectively, these results falsify the DPM for sprinting. Because speed is foundational for many sports, they challenge the DPM generally.

  8. Peer Review of Teaching: Sharing Best Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golparian, Shaya; Chan, Judy; Cassidy, Alice

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we share examples of best peer review of teaching practices, drawing on our involvement in the design and implementation of the Peer Review of Teaching program at the Centre for Teaching, Learning and Technology. We review the history of the Peer Review of Teaching Initiative at the University of British Columbia and explain key…

  9. “Riders on the storm”: A co-teaching mentor model to increase student satisfaction and retention. A Practice Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kent Turkich

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on a co-teaching mentor model focused on improving first year undergraduate retention rates through enhanced teaching practise. A lecturer responsible for first year units was partnered with a co-teaching mentor to offer guidance on how the content (urban and regional planning could be delivered more effectively with an emphasis on student satisfaction and retention. We present a case study example where the findings demonstrate the effective transfer of teaching awareness and skills through this process. Five educational theories underpin the substantive changes made to the way classes were delivered. The applied relevance of these ideas can be demonstrated in the reflections from the participating lecturer of their teaching practices, and in the improved student evaluation and retention results.

  10. "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly": A Model for Reflective Teaching Practices in Coaching Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Evelyn J.

    2017-01-01

    Coaching should go beyond drills and preparing for the big game. One question many coaches have asked themselves is, "How do I get better?" One way to ensure that future coaches (current students) in sport coaching education are thinking of ways to improve for the future is to teach them to think about the past. This is where reflection…

  11. The Practice of Information Processing Model in the Teaching of Cognitive Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozel, Ali

    2009-01-01

    In this research, the differentiation condition of teaching the learning strategies depending on the time which the first grade of primary school teachers carried out to form an information-process skeleton on student is tried to be found out. This process including the efforts of 260 teachers in this direction consists of whether the adequate…

  12. Modeling science teaching on science practice? Painting a more accurate picture through an ethnographic lab study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxton, Cory A.

    2001-04-01

    This article reports an ethnographic study of a molecular biology research laboratory, Sally's Lab. By studying the daily practices of the lab members, and interpreting these observations through an anthropological lens grounded in practice theory, I portray the social and cultural construction of a scientific community. Findings include an examination of how good science practice was operationalized, status in the lab was constructed, members gained or lost interest in continuing on in careers in research science, and individual members conformed to and resisted localized norms of scientific practice. These issues have direct relevance to our work as science educators, in terms of how we present science practice to our students. For example, when K-16 science students engage in activities based on authentic science practice, upon whose experiences are these simulations based? The current study shows that there is not just one acceptable way to do science, nor one set of experiences that pertain to all members within a given community of science practice. Likewise, there should not be just one way that science is presented in school, nor one set of experiences we expect all our students to take from our classes.

  13. Interactive teaching methods in teaching "practical (industrial training an accountant"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Zaicev

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Practical teaching activities needed to develop the methodological level, focused on their actual implementation in the classroom when studying a particular academic discipline. Given that interactive teaching methods are quite new for many teachers category, consideration of their nature and possibilities of practical application the subject of this article.

  14. A Practical Strategy for Teaching a Child with Autism to Attend to and Imitate a Portable Video Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plavnick, Joshua B.

    2012-01-01

    Video modeling is an effective and efficient methodology for teaching new skills to individuals with autism. New technology may enhance video modeling as smartphones or tablet computers allow for portable video displays. However, the reduced screen size may decrease the likelihood of attending to the video model for some children. The present…

  15. A Practice-Based Theory of Professional Education: Teach For America's Professional Development Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriel, Rachael

    2011-01-01

    In 1999, Ball and Cohen proposed a practice-based theory of professional education, which would end inadequate professional development efforts with a more comprehensive approach. Their work has been referenced over the past decade, yet there have been limited attempts to actualize their ideals and research their implications. In this article, I…

  16. Integrating Theory and Practice in Conservatoires: Formulating Holistic Models for Teaching and Learning Improvisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsonage, Catherine; Fadnes, Petter Frost; Taylor, James

    2007-01-01

    Academic study has become a more significant part of a conservatoire education in recent times, but it has not always informed performance as effectively as it might. There is a need for further development of an academic curriculum that is specifically relevant to performers, in which the links between theory and practice are made explicit rather…

  17. Collegiate Mathematics Teaching: An Unexamined Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speer, Natasha M.; Smith, John P., III; Horvath, Aladar

    2010-01-01

    Though written accounts of collegiate mathematics teaching exist (e.g., mathematicians' reflections and analyses of learning and teaching in innovative courses), research on collegiate teachers' actual classroom teaching practice is virtually non-existent. We advance this claim based on a thorough review of peer-reviewed journals where scholarship…

  18. Content Reading Specialists Evaluate Teaching Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Thomas C.; Rakow, Steven J.

    1987-01-01

    Presents results of a survey of 37 university-level content reading specialists in which the specialists listed teaching practices that content teachers could incorporate into their teaching to help students learn from texts. Recommends: (1) using multiple texts; (2) using study guides; (3) teaching metacognitive strategies; and (4) direct…

  19. Collegiate Mathematics Teaching: An Unexamined Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speer, Natasha M.; Smith, John P., III; Horvath, Aladar

    2010-01-01

    Though written accounts of collegiate mathematics teaching exist (e.g., mathematicians' reflections and analyses of learning and teaching in innovative courses), research on collegiate teachers' actual classroom teaching practice is virtually non-existent. We advance this claim based on a thorough review of peer-reviewed journals where scholarship…

  20. Practice and reflection on the teaching of the reproductive system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-de DING; Ping-ping WU; Ting-ting WU; Yong FAN; Ya-li XU

    2015-01-01

    Objective To review and explore the advantages and disadvantages of the teaching of the reproductive system in Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine,in order to provide a feasible scheme for the subsequent reform of the teaching system,including the syllabus design and the optimization of the teaching method,etc.Methods With the one-year practice in the teaching of the reproductive system,this paper has explored the achievements in the implementation of this teaching system from three aspects,including the teaching experience and feelings of teachers,student questionnaires and test scores.Meanwhile,this paper has also deeply analyzed some problems that may exist or be derived from the teaching practice in that teaching model.Results The new teaching method has huge differences from the traditional"discipline-oriented"teaching method in the curricular design,teachers’lecture form,students’learning skills and examination types,etc.What is more important,the new teaching method will significantly renew the concepts of both teaching and learning.Conclusion The method of the systemic teaching is one of the critical ways to realize the reform of the medical education,and can also provide the necessary basis for the cultivation of professional high-quality teachers required in the medical education.

  1. Teaching for Art Criticism: Incorporating Feldman's Critical Analysis Learning Model in Students' Studio Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramaniam, Maithreyi; Hanafi, Jaffri; Putih, Abu Talib

    2016-01-01

    This study adopted 30 first year graphic design students' artwork, with critical analysis using Feldman's model of art criticism. Data were analyzed quantitatively; descriptive statistical techniques were employed. The scores were viewed in the form of mean score and frequencies to determine students' performances in their critical ability.…

  2. Study on the Construction of Practical Teaching Model in Analytical Chemistry Experiment Teaching%实践型分析化学实验教学模式的构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁文静; 吴狄; 饶灿

    2015-01-01

    指出了分析化学作为基础化学课程,其配套的实验教学也同样具有重要的教学意义,分析了当前分析化学实验教学存在的问题,探讨了实践型分析化学实验教学模式的构建,以期提供参考。%As a basic chemistry course ,the article points out that the auxiliary experiment teaching also has important significance in teaching .the article analyzes the current problems exist in the analytical chemistry experiment course and discusses the construction of practical teaching model in analytical chemistry experi‐ment teaching ,w hich aim to provide some references .

  3. Reflective Practice on Effective Teaching Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yu-chao

    2014-01-01

    Reflective practice is a vital parts of teaching process. The essay mainly states the theory of reflection, its functions, characteristics, and teachers’reflective practice. After obtaining data from the questionnaire collected from 30 college English teachers’reflective practice, the writer analyzes the data and concludes that:reflection is a useful and necessary tool for successful teaching performance and the development of teachers.

  4. Improving Online Teaching by Using Established Best Classroom Teaching Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Jill M; Whitlatch, Joy; Maier, Cecilia Jane; Burdi, Melissa; Peacock, James

    2016-05-01

    This pilot study explored the effectiveness of an online workshop provided to faculty teaching one course in a large online RN-to-baccalaureate nursing (BSN) program. This exploration helped to fill a gap in knowledge related to implementing best classroom teaching practices into distance education for online nursing students. Focus groups with purposeful sampling (three focus groups: two faculty focus groups with a total of 11 faculty and one student focus group with a total of six students) were used to assess the effectiveness of the workshop and faculty and student perceptions of the seven best classroom teaching practices. Themes derived from the faculty focus groups included reaffirmation, commitments from students, and opportunities for instructor improvement. Themes derived from the student focus group included engagement, availability, encouragement, and diverse learning. Online teaching recommendations, created from the emerged themes of the study, could be considered to improve teaching practices of online nurse educators. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(5):222-227.

  5. Partnerships Enhancing Practice: A Preliminary Model of Technology-Based Peer-to-Peer Evaluations of Teaching in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servilio, Kathryn L.; Hollingshead, Aleksandra; Hott, Brittany L.

    2017-01-01

    In higher education, current teaching evaluation models typically involve senior faculty evaluating junior faculty. However, there is evidence that peer-to-peer junior faculty observations and feedback may be just as effective. This descriptive case study utilized an inductive analysis to examine experiences of six special education early career…

  6. Teaching practices of graduate teaching assistants

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    Hickok, Eric

    2016-01-01

    Physics education research has consistently shown that students have higher learning outcomes when enrolled in interactive-engagement courses. Consequently, many schools are actively reforming their introductory curricula. For courses where the interactive sections (labs, tutorials, and/or workshops) are mostly taught by graduate student teaching assistants (TAs), good TAs are instrumental to the success of the reform. Many studies have investigated specific interactions between TAs and students, but more can be learned through a holistic examination of TA-student interactions. Over the course of one semester, I observed TAs in their various teaching roles using the Real-time Instructor Observation Tool (RIOT). These observations serve to show what TAs may "default to" with little to no intervention. I present a snapshot of a department in the early stages of reform and discuss the implications of my findings as they relate to the professional development of our TAs.

  7. An Evaluation of Teaching Practice: Practicum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aijaz Ahmed Gujjar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Teaching practice is an important place in teacher training, it is the theoretical part of teacher training. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the teaching practice, for the purpose a 22 item questionnaire was developed and pilot tested, the internal consistency (Cronbach Alpha value of the questionnaire was 0.73.Five research questions were made for the study. 650 student teachers throughout the country from 26 teacher training institutions were considered the sample of the study, by selecting 25 student teachers randomly from each institution. The data collected through questionnaire was coded and analyzed through SPSS XII and Stat Pac calculator in terms of frequency, percentage and chi square. The study finds that majority of the student teachers is not given demonstration lessons in all the subjects, duration of teaching practice is not appropriate to develop teaching skills, the method of evaluation in practical component is not appropriate, choice of the student teachers is not considered while assigning the lesson, proportion of theory and practice not appropriate. It is recommended that that the student teachers should be given demonstration lessons before practice teaching, the duration of the teaching practice may be increased, theory and practice should be made proportionate, the student teachers should be made responsible for what they do, this can only be achieved if their choice in the selection of lesson is also considered.

  8. Mindfulness Practices in Mentoring and Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trube, Barbara

    2017-01-01

    Mentoring, including peer mentoring, is a key element of teacher education programs and subsequent teaching practice. In order to share the benefits of mindfulness practices, a faculty member in a state university in the Midwestern United States promoted the practice of mindfulness by teacher candidates enrolled in her courses. As members of a…

  9. Experiencing a Mathematical Problem-Solving Teaching Approach: Opportunities to Identify Ambitious Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Judy; Taylor, Merilyn

    2015-01-01

    Learning to teach is a complex matter, and many different models of pre-service teacher education have been used to support novice teachers' preparation for the classroom. More recently there have been calls for a focus on core high-leverage teaching practices and for novice teachers to engage in representations, decompositions, and approximations…

  10. Teachers' Conceptions of Excellent Teaching and Its Relationships to Self-Reported Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Junjun; Brown, Gavin T. L.; Hattie, John A. C.; Millward, Pam

    2012-01-01

    This study surveyed Chinese middle school (n = 951) teachers' conceptions of excellent teaching and examined the relationship of those conceptions to their self-reported teaching practices. Responses were analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. These teachers identified one examination-oriented dimension and…

  11. Accomplished Teachers Implementation of Quality Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiyun; Hammond-Bennett, Austin; Upton, Ashely; Mason, Steve

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe how accomplished teachers implement the quality of teaching practices in their daily lessons. The participants were four elementary physical education teachers (one male, three female). The data sources consisted of videotape of the teachers teaching 12 lessons, transcription of the taped lessons,…

  12. Community Teaching Practice for Greater Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siao-cing Guo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Field experience has been considered a vital part of teacher education. Universities have to search for ways for student teachers to gain experience in an authentic teaching environment. Several successful models incorporating service learning have been reported across fields (Brooks & Schramm, 2007; Nandan, 2010; Salas, Safaradan, & Ugarte, 2008, but there is still insufficient research found that combined English teacher preparation and service learning (Hsieh, 2002. Consequently, this researcher incorporated service learning into an English methodology course in Taiwan to engage students in higher learning experiences that take them beyond traditional teacher training. This paper describes a four-stage process of community service teaching, presenting its benefits and challenges. This study which incorporated quantitative and qualitative methodologies proved that teaching practices in collaboration with community libraries created three-way benefits: advancing the quality of college education and bringing valuable learning opportunities to the student teachers as well as the children who participated; and creating memorable experiences for the students and the communities that participated. Keywords: service learning, teacher preparation, university partnership, higher education

  13. The reform and exploration of Discrete Mathematics practice teaching model based on ACM%基于ACM模式的离散数学实验探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宇; 臧美英; 李林辉

    2015-01-01

    Discrete Mathematics is the core courses of the computer and the related majors, This article describes the basic Discrete Mathematics, ACM and ACM on-line evaluation system ,in addition ,it puts Discrete Mathematics practice teaching reform measures based on ACM model ,it explores the ways and means of teaching and reforms the experimental teaching .This reformation will improve the teaching quality and teaching level of the Discrete Mathematics ,it can help to cultivate students' abstract thinking ,logical thinking ,psychological quality and team cooperation ability.%离散数学是计算机及相关专业核心课程,本文在介绍离散数学、ACM及ACM在线评测系统的基础上,提出了基于ACM模式的离散数学实验探究,探讨了教学方式与手段及实验教学的改革.这种改革将提高离散数学课程的教学质量和教学水平,有助于培养学生的抽象思维、逻辑思维、心理素质及团队协作能力.

  14. Teaching Practice Supported by Technology Use

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Helle Bækkelund

    2006-01-01

    The article deals with e-competence on the individual level by examining the use of web sites by individual university faculty. E-competence is here regarded as the actual use of web sites in on-campus teaching, where the relation between the individual faculty’s conception of teaching and learning...... and the design and use of web sites is viewed as corresponding. It is the hypothesis of the research underlying this article that the design and use of a web site reflects the intentions and beliefs of the university teacher. As a result of this relation it should be possible to explore and analyse conceptions...... of teaching as the underlying reason for taking web technology into use in the teaching and learning practice of faculty staff. The e-practice, which can be observed within this research approach, will be placed in relation to a set of qualitatively different categories of teaching conceptions, thus unveiling...

  15. Secondary Science Teachers Making Sense of Model-Based Classroom Instruction: Understanding the Learning and Learning Pathways Teachers Describe as Supporting Changes in Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hvidsten, Connie J.

    Connie J. Hvidsten September 2016 Education Secondary Science Teachers Making Sense of Model-Based Classroom Instruction: Understanding the Learning and Learning Pathways Teachers Describe as Supporting Changes in Teaching Practice This dissertation consists of three papers analyzing writings and interviews of experienced secondary science teachers during and after a two-year professional development (PD) program focused on model-based reasoning (MBR). MBR is an approach to science instruction that provides opportunities for students to use conceptual models to make sense of natural phenomena in ways that are similar to the use of models within the scientific community. The aim of this research is to better understand the learning and learning pathways teachers identified as valuable in supporting changes in their teaching practice. To accomplish this aim, the papers analyze the ways teachers 1) ascribe their learning to various aspects of the program, 2) describe what they learned, and 3) reflect on the impact the PD had on their teaching practice. Twenty-one secondary science teachers completed the Innovations in Science Instruction through Modeling (ISIM) program from 2007 through 2009. Commonalities in the written reflections and interview responses led to a set of generalizable findings related to the impacts and outcomes of the PD. The first of the three papers describes elements of the ISIM program that teachers associated with their own learning. One of the most frequently mentioned PD feature was being in the position of an adult learner. Embedding learning in instructional practice by collaboratively developing and revising lessons, and observing the lessons in one-another's classrooms provided a sense of professional community, accountability, and support teachers reported were necessary to overcome the challenges of implementing new pedagogical practices. Additionally, teachers described that opportunities to reflect on their learning and connect their

  16. Practice exploration and significance of metaphor translation teaching model%隐喻翻译教学模式的实践探索与意义研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董春苗

    2014-01-01

    Metaphor translation teaching model is a kind of teaching mode in true translation teaching, the student's metaphorical thinking ability training as a direction, is to improve students' translation competence. Through the practice of metaphor translation teaching model that helps students’ cognition of the world, to improve the students’ ability of cross culture communication.%隐喻翻译教学模式就是在真实的翻译教学中,对学生的隐喻思维能力的练习做一个方向性的指导,是以提高学生翻译能力为目的的一种教学培养模式。通过对隐喻翻译教学模式的实践探索可知其有利于学生在翻译中以隐喻思维认知世界,有利于提高学生的跨文化交际能力。

  17. Improving Teaching Practice through Interdisciplinary Dialog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardetti, Fabiana A.; Orgnero, M. Carolina

    2013-01-01

    This study presents the results of a self-study of interdisciplinary work that has generated profound changes in our teaching practices. The research grew out of an interest in exploring the nature of our work and the practices that contribute to its success. Our self-study revealed that our work process consists of five stages and is the product…

  18. A Model for Teaching Information Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettersson, Rune

    2011-01-01

    The author presents his views on the teaching of information design. The starting point includes some general aspects of teaching and learning. The multidisciplinary structure and content of information design as well as the combined practical and theoretical components influence studies of the discipline. Experiences from working with a model for…

  19. A Model for Teaching Information Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettersson, Rune

    2011-01-01

    The author presents his views on the teaching of information design. The starting point includes some general aspects of teaching and learning. The multidisciplinary structure and content of information design as well as the combined practical and theoretical components influence studies of the discipline. Experiences from working with a model for…

  20. Effective Teaching Practices in Handling Non Readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacklyn S. Dacalos

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The study determined the effective teaching practices in handling nonreaders. This seeks to answer the following objectives: describe the adjustments, effective strategies, and scaffolds utilized by teachers in handling nonreaders; differentiate the teachers’ reading adjustments, strategies and scaffolds in teaching nonreaders; analyze the teaching reading efficiency of nonreaders using effective teaching reading strategies; and find significant correlation of nonreaders’ grades and reading teachers’ reading adjustments, strategies and scaffolds. This study utilized mixed methods of research. Case studies of five public schools teachers were selected as primary subjects, who were interviewed in handling nonreaders in the areas of adjustments, strategies, and reading scaffolds. Actual teaching observation was conducted according to the five subjects’ most convenient time. In ascertaining the nonreaders’ academic performance, the students’ grades in English subject was analyzed using T-Test within subject design. Handling nonreaders in order to read and understand better in the lesson is an arduous act, yet; once done with effectiveness and passion, it yielded a great amount of learning success. Effective teaching practices in handling nonreaders comprised the use of teachers’ adjustments, strategies, and scaffolds to establish reading mastery, exposing them to letter sounds, short stories, and the use of follow-up. WH questions enhanced their reading performance significantly. Variations of reading teachers’ nature as: an enabler, a facilitator, a humanist, a behaviorist, and an expert, as regards to their teaching practices, were proven significant to students’ reading effectiveness.

  1. Construction and practice of cycle-operated teaching model on clinical practice%临床实习循环运行教学模式的建立与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢书明; 段志军; 杜建玲; 史春虹; 周广民; 杨延宗; 赵钢

    2014-01-01

    临床实习是高等医学教育中的重要环节,也是夯实医学生基础知识、培养其基本技能及临床思维等的关键阶段。为了提高临床实习教学效果,大连医科大学附属第一医院建立了“多层次培养、督导、考核、反馈”循环运行的临床实习教学模式,并应用于临床教学实践,使医学生理论基础更加扎实,技能操作水平、综合素质明显提高,临床逻辑思维能力得到增强,同时,也促进了临床教师带教水平的提高,为持续提高临床教学质量奠定了坚实的基础。%Clinical practice is not only an important part of higher medical education, but also a critical stage for the enhancement of medical students' basic knowledge and the training of their basic skills and clinical thinking. In order to improve teaching effect in clinical practice, the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University has established a “multi-level training, supervision, evaluation and feedback”teaching model of clinical cycle operation practice, and has applied into clinical teaching practice, making medical students' theoretical foundation more substantial, operating skills and overall quality significantly improved, clinical logical thinking obviously enhanced. Meanwhile it promoted the teaching level of clinical teachers, laying a solid foundation for improving the quality of clinical teaching continuously.

  2. Teaching Mathematical Modelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Mark S.

    1997-01-01

    Outlines a course at the University of Glamorgan in the United Kingdom in which a computer algebra system (CAS) teaches mathematical modeling. The format is based on continual assessment of group and individual work stating the problem, a feature list, and formulation of the models. No additional mathematical word processing package is necessary.…

  3. Teaching Concurrency: Theory in Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aceto, Luca; Ingolfsdottir, Anna; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand

    2009-01-01

    in mathematics. We report here on our experiences in teaching concurrency theory over the last twenty years or so to students ranging from mathsphobic bachelor students to sophisticated doctoral students. The contents of the courses, the material on which they are based and the pedagogical philosophy underlying...

  4. Algorithm Visualization in Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Törley, Gábor

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the history of algorithm visualization (AV), highlighting teaching-methodology aspects. A combined, two-group pedagogical experiment will be presented as well, which measured the efficiency and the impact on the abstract thinking of AV. According to the results, students, who learned with AV, performed better in the experiment.

  5. Teaching Reading: Research into Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macalister, John

    2014-01-01

    In pre-service and in-service language teacher education, and in curriculum-related projects in second and foreign language settings, a recurrent issue is the failure to relate the teaching of reading to reading as a meaning-making activity. In this paper, I will consider what current research on second language (L2) reading has actually succeeded…

  6. A Novel Model for Teaching Primary Care in a Community Practice Setting: Tufts at Tech Community Veterinary Clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCobb, Emily; Rozanski, Elizabeth A; Malcolm, Elizabeth A; Wolfus, Gregory; Rush, John E

    2017-09-01

    Providing veterinary students with opportunities to develop clinical skills in a realistic, hands-on environment remains a challenge for veterinary education. We have developed a novel approach to teaching clinical medicine to fourth-year veterinary students and technical high school students via development of a primary care clinic embedded within a technical high school. The primary care clinic targets an underserved area of the community, which includes many of the participating high school students. Support from the veterinary community for the project has been strong as a result of communication, the opportunity for veterinarians to volunteer in the clinic, and the careful targeting of services. Benefits to veterinary students include the opportunity to build clinical competencies and confidence, as well as the exposure to a diverse client population. The financial model of the clinic is described and initial data on outcomes for case load, clinic income, veterinary student evaluations, and high school students' success in passing the veterinary assisting examination are reported. This clinical model, involving a partnership between a veterinary school and a technical high school, may be adoptable to other clinical teaching situations.

  7. Improving Inquiry Teaching through Reflection on Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotter, Christine R.; Miller, Cory

    2016-08-01

    In this paper, we explore middle school science teachers' learning of inquiry-based instructional strategies through reflection on practice teaching sessions during a summer enrichment program with middle level students. The reflection sessions were part of a larger year-long inquiry professional development program in which teachers learned science content and inquiry pedagogy. The program included a 2-week summer institute in which teachers participated in science content sessions, practice teaching to middle level students, and small group-facilitated reflection sessions on their teaching. For this study, data collection focused on teachers' recorded dialogue during the facilitator - run reflection sessions, the teachers' daily written reflections, a final written reflection, and a written reflection on a videotaped teaching session. We investigated the teachers' reflection levels and the themes teachers focused on during their reflection sessions. Teachers were found to reflect at various reflection levels, from simple description to a more sophisticated focus on how to improve student learning. Recurrent themes point to the importance of providing situated learning environments, such as the practice teaching with immediate reflection for teachers to have time to practice new instructional strategies and gain insight from peers and science educators on how to handle student learning issues.

  8. Improving Inquiry Teaching through Reflection on Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotter, Christine R.; Miller, Cory

    2017-08-01

    In this paper, we explore middle school science teachers' learning of inquiry-based instructional strategies through reflection on practice teaching sessions during a summer enrichment program with middle level students. The reflection sessions were part of a larger year-long inquiry professional development program in which teachers learned science content and inquiry pedagogy. The program included a 2-week summer institute in which teachers participated in science content sessions, practice teaching to middle level students, and small group-facilitated reflection sessions on their teaching. For this study, data collection focused on teachers' recorded dialogue during the facilitator - run reflection sessions, the teachers' daily written reflections, a final written reflection, and a written reflection on a videotaped teaching session. We investigated the teachers' reflection levels and the themes teachers focused on during their reflection sessions. Teachers were found to reflect at various reflection levels, from simple description to a more sophisticated focus on how to improve student learning. Recurrent themes point to the importance of providing situated learning environments, such as the practice teaching with immediate reflection for teachers to have time to practice new instructional strategies and gain insight from peers and science educators on how to handle student learning issues.

  9. Changes in Nordic Teaching Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schnack, Karsten; Carlgren, Ingrid; Klette, Kirsti;

    2006-01-01

    In this article the theme of individualisation of teaching is described and analysed. In the light of a fairly long tradition of a comprehensive school system embracing the idea of individualisation, we expected this to be an important aspect of ongoing changes in Nordic schools. Individualisation......, it is not so obvious in the other countries. In the article the theme of individualisation is treated from the perspective of each country. Based on these case descriptions, similarities and differences are discussed....

  10. The Investigation and Practice of "Three Courses in One" Teaching Model%“三课一体”教学模式的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建宁

    2011-01-01

    "Mao Zedong Thought and Introduction to the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics" class to the classroom,school,community sites is investigated and put into practice in this study,which sets up theoretical teaching,campus practice teaching,Social Practice,"Three Courses in One" teaching model.This mode changes to teaching materials,classroom,teacher-centered traditional teaching mode,try the special teaching,practice teaching,student self-learning teaching methods combined.%本文探讨并实践了"毛泽东思想和中国特色社会主义理论体系概论"课以教室、校园、社会为场所,开设理论教学、校园实践教学、社会实践教学"三课一体"的教学模式。此模式改变了以教材、课堂、教师为中心的传统教学模式,尝试了专题讲授、实践教学、学生自主学习相结合的教学方式。

  11. Teaching strategies to support evidence-based practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winters, Charlene A; Echeverri, Rebecca

    2012-06-01

    Evidence-based practice is an expected core competency of all health care clinicians regardless of discipline. Use of evidence-based practice means integrating the best research with clinical expertise and patient values to achieve optimal health outcomes. Evidence-based practice requires nurses to access and appraise evidence rapidly before integrating it into clinical practice. Role modeling and integrating the skills necessary to develop evidence-based practice into clinical and nonclinical courses is an important part in developing positive attitudes toward evidence-based practice, an essential first step to using evidence to guide practice decisions. The step-by-step approach to evidence-based practice proposed by Melnyk and colleagues provides an excellent organizing framework for teaching strategies specifically designed to facilitate nurses' knowledge and skill development in evidence-based practice.

  12. 慧鱼创意组合模型在机器人技术实验教学中的实践与应用%Practice and Application of Fischer Original Combined Model on Practice Teaching of Robot Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛颖; 薛伟; 杨铁滨; 狄海廷

    2012-01-01

    Fischer original combined model offers structure and software design platform for robot, and it is a favorable carrier for robot technology practice teaching. A pneumatic manipulator project constructed by Fischer original combined model was put forward in this paper, and the whole structural practice and technical flow were expounded. The pneumatic manipulator was controlled by ROBO Pro software. The project can be used in innovative practice teaching for robot technology courses in order to improve practical ability and innovation of students.%慧鱼组合模型提供了机器人结构和软件设计平台,是机器人实验教学的良好载体。采用慧鱼创意组合模型构建气动机械手,阐述总体结构方案与工艺流程,采用ROBOPro软件编程实现对气动机械手的控制。该方案可运用到机器人课程创新实验等实践中,提高学生的实践能力与创新能力。

  13. Communicative Language Teaching: Exploring Theoretical Foundations and Practical Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kustiwan Syarief

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The genesis of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT can be traced back to the 1970s when researchers and language practitioners began reflecting and discussing the notion of communicative competence. In practical terms, however, there has been such a gap between theoretical foundations of CLT on the one hand and its implementation in classroom environments on the other hand. This article explores and discusses the theoretical foundations of CLT based on the existing models of communicative competence and continues with identifying CLT's practical challenges commonly persisting in second/foreign language teaching and learning contexts.

  14. Proposal for Teaching Practice which Includes the Content of the Reflective Practice : Possibility of “Teaching Practice Participation” Curriculum

    OpenAIRE

    湯口, 雅史

    2015-01-01

    The outline of the core curriculum in Naruto University of Education creates a close relationship between “Teaching Practice” positioned at its core, and “core subjects” positioned alongside, thereby enabling quality assurance in elevating practical teaching skills. However, while the intention was to position “core subjects” vertically, in contrast “teaching practice” came to hold a complementary relationship with “core subjects”. Then it was thought that by independently making “teaching pr...

  15. Teaching biology with engineering practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Stephen

    The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) expresses a vision of science education that requires students to not only have an understanding of science concepts but be able to investigate the natural world through process of science inquiry or to solve meaningful problems though the practices of engineering design. While incorporating engineering practices into our science curriculum will soon be requirement of the new state standards, there is little research published as to how this should be implemented in a biology classroom. The goal of this study was to measure the effectiveness of incorporating engineering design into a biology curriculum on student understanding of engineering practices and science content knowledge. The results of this study indicate that the integration of engineering design in a biology curriculum has a positive effect on student's science content knowledge as well as their understanding of engineering design principles.

  16. On the Practice Teaching of English Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yonghong

    2009-01-01

    The main task of practice teaching of English Reading is to train students' independent reading ability and good reading habits. Extra-curricular reading of English literature and English newspapers and magazines plays an active role in improving English reading ability. The principle of selecting reading materials, the scope of selection and the…

  17. Teaching Practices and Elementary Classroom Peer Ecologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gest, Scott D.; Rodkin, Philip C.

    2011-01-01

    Teachers and students in 39 1st, 3rd and 5th grade classrooms participated in a study of teaching practices and classroom peer networks. Teachers reported on their attitudes towards aggression and withdrawal, provided rationales for their seating arrangements, and were observed on patterns of emotional and instructional support and classroom…

  18. Teaching, Teacher Formation, and Specialised Professional Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hordern, Jim

    2015-01-01

    This paper starts by exploring the relevance of Bernstein's work on vertical and horizontal discourses and the constitution of professional knowledge for conceptualisation of the knowledge needed for teaching practice. Building on arguments for the differentiated nature of knowledge, and drawing on the work of Winch, Young and Muller on expertise,…

  19. Best Practices for Teaching in Summer Session

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kops, Bill

    2010-01-01

    The goal of a teacher or administrator with responsibility for planning quality learning experiences is to create conditions where the greatest amount of learning can take place for the greatest number of learners. Identifying and using best practices for teaching in compressed formats will help increase the likelihood that such a goal will be…

  20. Screencasting to Support Effective Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Amanda

    2017-01-01

    Increasing availability of digital devices in elementary school classrooms presents exciting new opportunities for teachers to support the teaching and learning of mathematics. Although many of the math applications available for these devices focus on drill and practice of mathematical procedures, screencasting apps can help support effective…

  1. Unlocking ePortfolio Practice: Teaching Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henscheid, Jean M.; Brown, Gary; Gordon, Aifang; Chen, Helen L.

    2014-01-01

    The Association for Authentic, Experiential, and Evidence-Based Learning (AAEEBL) annual ePortfolio survey focuses on understanding ePortfolio practitioners' teaching beliefs and practices. The action research reported here extends that survey research to a population of emerging educators (i.e., graduate students in education). In addition to…

  2. Teaching Math Online: Current Practices in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akdemir, Omur

    2011-01-01

    Changing nature of student population, developments in technology, and insufficient number of traditional universities have made online courses popular around the globe. This study was designed to investigate the current practices of teaching mathematics online in Turkish Universities through a qualitative inquiry. The snowball sampling method was…

  3. Science Teaching Methods: A Rationale for Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Jonathan

    2011-01-01

    This article is a version of the talk given by Jonathan Osborne as the Association for Science Education (ASE) invited lecturer at the National Science Teachers' Association Annual Convention in San Francisco, USA, in April 2011. The article provides an explanatory justification for teaching about the practices of science in school science that…

  4. Practical Knowledge Growth in Communicative Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyatt, Mark

    2009-01-01

    Communicative language teaching (CLT) is promoted in teacher education programmes around the world, although the appropriateness of this methodology in contexts outside the English-speaking West has been questioned, often from a theoretical perspective. In fact, very little empirical research has been conducted into the practical knowledge of CLT…

  5. The Practice of English Language Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmer, Jeremy

    Theoretical insights into teaching English as a second language developed in recent years are brought together in a broad methodological approach called the balanced activities approach. The book aims at providing a theoretical background to the approach as well as detailing practical instructional techniques. The first of the three parts of the…

  6. Best Practices for Teaching in Summer Session

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kops, Bill

    2010-01-01

    The goal of a teacher or administrator with responsibility for planning quality learning experiences is to create conditions where the greatest amount of learning can take place for the greatest number of learners. Identifying and using best practices for teaching in compressed formats will help increase the likelihood that such a goal will be…

  7. New Practical English Teaching and Design in Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯丽琼

    2014-01-01

    The aim of English teaching in vocational col ege is to train practical English ability.The paper il ustrates the important significance of English teaching method in classroom and introduces the method of New Practical English.

  8. University of Colorado CubeSat Student Projects as Successful Model for Teaching Students about Engineering Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palo, S. E.; Li, X.; Woods, T. N.; Kohnert, R.

    2014-12-01

    There is a long history of cooperation between students at the University of Colorado, Boulder and professional engineers and scientists at LASP, which has led to many successful space missions with direct student involvement. The recent student-led missions include the Student Nitric Oxide Explorer (SNOE, 1998 - 2002), the Student Dust Counter (SDC) on New Horizons (2006 - present), the Colorado Student Space Weather Experiment (CSSWE), being a very successful NSF CubeSat that launched in September 2012, and the NASA Miniature X-ray Solar Spectrometer (MinXSS) CubeSat (launch will be in early 2015). Students are involved in all aspects of the design, and they experience the full scope of the mission process from concept, to fabrication and test, and mission operations. A significant part of the student involvement in the CubeSat projects is gained by using the CubeSat development as a focal point for an existing two-semester course sequence in CU's Aerospace Engineering Sciences (AES) Department: the Space Hardware Design section of Graduate Projects I & II (ASEN 5018 & ASEN 6028). The goal of these courses is to teach graduate students how to design and build systems using a requirement-based approach and fundamental systems engineering practices. The two-semester sequence takes teams of about 15 students from requirements definition and preliminary design through manufacturing, integration, and testing. In addition to the design process, students learn key professional skills such as working effectively in groups, finding solutions to open-ended problems, and actually building a system to their own set of specifications. The partnership between AES and LASP allows us to include engineering professionals in the mix, thus more effectively training science and engineering students for future roles in the civilian or commercial space industry. The mentoring process with LASP engineers helps to mitigate risk of the inexperience of the students and ensures consistent

  9. Technical communication: new teaching model for practicing ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia techniques: no perishable food products!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yang; Glass, Nancy L; Power, Robert W

    2010-04-01

    There is a pronounced learning curve for the technique of ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. Practicing with a simulator model has been shown to speed the acquisition of these skills for various ultrasound-guided procedures. However, commercial models for ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia may be too costly or not readily available. Models using turkey breasts or tofu blocks have the disadvantage of containing perishable food products that can be a source for infection. We describe an alternative inexpensive model that is made from nonperishable components readily available in the operating room. The materials required include 1 clean used 500-mL bag of IV fluids, a bottle of Premisorb (TYCO Healthcare Group, Mansfield, MA), and a piece of foam material approximately 0.3 cm in diameter and 5 cm in length trimmed from operating room foam pads. After filling the IV bag with tap water and inserting the foam into the IV bag from the outlet port of the IV bag, one-third of a bottle of Premisorb (approximately 15 g) is poured into the IV bag. The outlet port of the bag is then sealed by taping the rubber stopper that originally came with the bag. Premisorb, a solidifying agent frequently used to absorb irrigating fluids or blood in operating room suction canisters, produces a gel-like material in the IV bag. The foam inserted into the bag creates a relatively hyperechoic target. This gel-like substance in the bag will seal the holes created after multiple practice needle insertions, resulting in minimal leakage. The semitransparent nature of the gel allows the trainee to visualize the target directly and on the ultrasound screen. The model we describe is inexpensive and easy to make from materials readily available in the operating room with the advantages of being nonperishable, easy to carry, and reusable.

  10. A Reflection on My Teaching Practices Using Students' Math Moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farren, Vanessa

    2008-01-01

    This paper focus on the reflection of my teaching practices using students' Math Moments. I began to invest time in the past mathematical experiences of my students to better help me understand my own teaching practices. Throughout this paper I will reflect on my own teaching practice, delve into relevant literature and will use poignant math…

  11. The Effects of Practice Teaching Sessions in Second Life on the Change in Pre-Service Teachers' Teaching Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheong, Donguk

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of practice teaching in Second Life on the change of preservice teachers' teaching efficacy, and the difference of changes between individual teaching practice and collaborative teaching practice in their teaching efficacy. Participants were placed into the individual teaching practice or…

  12. Teaching Excellence and Innovative Practices: A Case Study of National Awardee Teachers of India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sengupta, Aparajita; Tyagi, Harish Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Aim: The study intended to identify the contributions of the National awardee teachers to the teaching learning process through their teaching excellence and innovative practices which can act as exemplary model for the entire teaching community. Method: Attempts has been made to carry out a qualitative study where two selected cases are based on…

  13. Evolving Best Practices in Online Astronomy Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berryhill, K. J.; Brandt, K.; Slater, T. F.

    2014-12-01

    As online education continues to mature, we have gained an understanding of some best (and worst) practices in teaching introductory astronomy to non-science majors at a distance. There are strategies that can improve the delivery of instruction, attrition rates, student interaction, and understanding/assessment of the astronomy content in the online environment. Strategies include the use of citizen science projects to engage students with authentic data and research.

  14. A porcine model for teaching surgical cricothyridootomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Antonio Campelo Spencer Netto

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptability of an educational project using A porcine model of airway for teaching surgical cricothyroidotomy to medical students and medical residents at a university hospital in southern Brazil.METHODS: we developed a teaching project using a porcine model for training in surgical cricothyroidotomy. Medical students and residents received lectures about this surgical technique and then held practical training with the model. After the procedure, all participants filled out a form about the importance of training in airway handling and the model used.RESULTS: There were 63 participants. The overall quality of the porcine model was estimated at 8.8, while the anatomical correlation between the model and the human anatomy received a mean score of 8.5. The model was unanimously approved and considered useful in teaching the procedure.CONCLUSION: the training of surgical cricothyroidotomy with a porcine model showed good acceptance among medical students and residents of this institution.

  15. Facilitating the development of moral insight in practice: teaching ethics and teaching virtue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begley, Ann M

    2006-10-01

    Abstract The teaching of ethics is discussed within the context of insights gleaned from ancient Greek ethics, particularly Aristotle and Plato and their conceptions of virtue (arete, meaning excellence). The virtues of excellence of character (moral virtue) and excellence of intelligence (intellectual virtue), particularly practical wisdom and theoretical wisdom, are considered. In Aristotelian ethics, a distinction is drawn between these intellectual virtues: experience and maturity is needed for practical wisdom, but not for theoretical wisdom. In addition to this, excellence of character is acquired through habitual practice, not instruction. This suggests that there is a need to teach more than theoretical ethics and that the ethics teacher must also facilitate the acquisition of practical wisdom and excellence of character. This distinction highlights a need for various educational approaches in cultivating these excellences which are required for a moral life. It also raises the question: is it possible to teach practical wisdom and excellence of character? It is suggested that virtue, conceived of as a type of knowledge, or skill, can be taught, and people can, with appropriate experience, habitual practice, and good role models, develop excellence of character and become moral experts. These students are the next generation of exemplars and they will educate others by example and sustain the practice of nursing. They need an education which includes theoretical ethics and the nurturing of practical wisdom and excellence of character. For this purpose, a humanities approach is suggested.

  16. Interaction between Philosophy of Education and Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bim-Bad, Boris Michailovich; Egorova, Lioudmila Ivanovna

    2016-01-01

    The article attempts to analyse the interaction between philosophy of education and teaching practice. Such area of learning as "philosophy of education" is defined, genesis and dynamics of practice as universals of human existence are traced; such concepts as "practice," "teaching practice" are analysed in view of…

  17. Discussion on Practice Teaching Model for Accounting Profession%会计专业实践教学模式的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦雪; 范莹莹

    2011-01-01

    Accounting is a very practical subject, the traditional teaching of accounting emphasizes theory instead of practice, which can not meet the demand of accounting practice on applied accounting talents. This article discusses the current accounting practice problems in vocational schools and proposes some suggestions on practical teaching of accounting reform.%会计学是一门实践性很强的学科,传统的会计教学重理论轻实践,已不能满足会计实践对应用型会计人才的需求.本文论述了目前高职高专会计实践性教学中存在的一些问题,并提出会计实践性教学改革的几点建议.

  18. 野战文化服务保障综合演练教学模式探研%Exploration of and Research on the Teaching Model of Comprehensive Practice of Field Cultural Support

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温晋让; 段盛斌

    2015-01-01

    野战条件下文化服务保障综合演练教学训练模式,是文化管理系深化任职教育和士官职业技术教育改革的重要成果体现。该模式的组织实施步骤分别是:确定演练主题、构设演练条件、设置演练组织、安排演练内容、组织演练实施、开展演练总结。通过近几年的实践检验,全系师生理顺了理论教学、实践教学与装备教学的关系,促进了院校教育与部队工作的结合,增强了学员对部队文化工作的认识,提高了学员岗位工作的综合能力。%The teaching model of comprehensive practice of field cultural support is an important reform achievement of in-service education and technical education for noncommissioned officers, which is accomplished by Cultural Management Department. The steps to organize and implement the model are respectively the followings: to determine practice theme, to structure practice conditions, to set practice organization, to arrange practice content, to perform implementation, and to carry out practice summary. Recent years’ practice has justified the model. Consequently, the teaching staff and the students in the Department have straightened out the relationship among theory teaching, practice teaching and equipment teaching. With the closer combination of college education and army work, the students’ understanding of military cultural work has been deepened, and their comprehensive ability has been improved.

  19. Practical experience in teaching inventory management with Edublogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio J. Garcia-Sabater

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this paper is to analyze the utility of edublogs in teaching-learning process applied to postgraduate Courses. Particularly, it describes an experience carried out while delivering a Course offered to students, mainly Industrial Engineers, of a certain Master program.Design/methodology/approach: In the first section of the paper, we perform a literature review with the aim of defining some basic concepts as blog, weblog or edublog. Later on, we compare some educational models to identify best practices related to new technologies, and particularly, to edublogs. Finally, we analyze our experience in a postgraduate Course.Findings and Originality/value: We have identified best practices on teaching using edublogs and we have applied them to a particular postgraduate Course.Research limitations/implications: Conclusions are obtained from only one experience (one postgraduate Course. We intend to extend the analysis to more postgraduate Courses and compare the obtained results.Practical implications: We have applied the previously described methodology and we have discussed advantages and disadvantages of using edublogs.Originality/value: We have compiled a wide list of best practices on teaching using new technologies and in particular edublogs. We have also evaluated the experience qualitatively according to such best practices and drawn conclusions that will improve the process.

  20. Teaching Practice in a Realistic Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    Introduction For two academic years, Teaching Practice (TP), an important component of the in-service Advanced Teacher Training Course at Chongqing University, was set up in an almost ideal context: students specially recruited, materials selected by the trainees and photo-copying facilities provided. While trainees felt very excited by their performances during TP, when all the excitement had gone, they felt less optimistic at the thought of the constraints which would be placed on their teaching in their own institutions. So their evaluation of TP ended with a "Yes, but" statement. Drawing on insights gained from those two years, the British lecturers and Chinese counterparts generally felt that TP should, in future, operate within a realistic context. In this paper, we shall report how TP was conducted within our Foreign Languages Department.

  1. Exploration and Practice of Team-based Teaching Model in Tunnel Engineering Course%团队式教学模式在隧道工程课程教学中的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈林杰

    2012-01-01

    Team-based teaching model emphasizes the advantages of team, it plays an important role to improve the quality of teaching and train highly qualified personnel. On the basis of continuous exploration and practice, this paper applies team teaching model to tunnel engineering course teaching, at the same time obtains a good result.%团队式教学模式强调发挥团队的优势,时提高教学质量,培养高素质人才有十分重要的作用。本文在不断探索与实践的基础上,探讨将团队式教学模式应用于隧道工程课程教学,取得了较好的效果。

  2. Teacher's current practices of teaching reading and grade four ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Teacher's current practices of teaching reading and grade four students' reading ... of teaching reading strategies and assessment in Dona Berber Primary School. ... random sampling technique and an English teacher and a school supervisor ...

  3. Teaching practice experiences of nursing students: a comparison ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Teaching practice experiences of nursing students: a comparison between direct entry ... insight to develop effective classroom and clinical teaching strategies in nursing. ... of nursing students, expectations and benefits for effective learning.

  4. OJPOT: online judge & practice oriented teaching idea in programming courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Gui Ping; Chen, Shu Yu; Yang, Xin; Feng, Rui

    2016-05-01

    Practical abilities are important for students from majors including Computer Science and Engineering, and Electrical Engineering. Along with the popularity of ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest (ACM/ICPC) and other programming contests, online judge (OJ) websites achieve rapid development, thus providing a new kind of programming practice, i.e. online practice. Due to fair and timely feedback results from OJ websites, online practice outperforms traditional programming practice. In order to promote students' practical abilities in programming and algorithm designing, this article presents a novel teaching idea, online judge & practice oriented teaching (OJPOT). OJPOT is applied to Programming Foundation course. OJPOT cultivates students' practical abilities through various kinds of programming practice, such as programming contests, online practice and course project. To verify the effectiveness of this novel teaching idea, this study conducts empirical research. The experimental results show that OJPOT works effectively in enhancing students' practical abilities compared with the traditional teaching idea.

  5. Applying the Practical Inquiry Model to Investigate the Quality of Students' Online Discourse in an Information Ethics Course Based on Bloom's Teaching Goal and Bird's 3C Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chien-Jen; Yang, Shu Ching

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this study is to better understand how the study participants' cognitive discourse is displayed in their learning transaction in an asynchronous, text-based conferencing environment based on Garrison's Practical Inquiry Model (2001). The authors designed an online information ethics course based on Bloom's taxonomy of educational…

  6. Collaborative Teaching Practices in Undergraduate Active Learning Classrooms: A Report of Faculty Team Teaching Models and Student Reflections from Two Biology Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzger, Kelsey J.

    2015-01-01

    Effectively managing active learning classrooms (ALCs), particularly large ALCs, can present a variety of challenges for instructors. There is a rapidly growing body of research literature addressing the impact of ALCs on student engagement and learning, but fewer studies have focused on investigating instructional practices and instructors in…

  7. Research on Innovative Practice Teaching System Based on the High-End Practice Teaching Environment for Software Engineering Speciality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Jianli; Li, Cunhua; Ji, Zhaohui; Wu, Junming

    Through the analysis of current culture status of undergraduate engineering applied talents, the paper points out that the main reason causing the lack of student integrated application and practice innovation abilities is the poor construction of high-end practice environment. And then, how to enhance the practice environment construction and practical teaching innovation as well as building an appropriate innovation practice teaching system for engineering applied talents are systematically discussed. It is very obvious that the application and promotion of this kind of innovative practice teaching system could enhance the practice innovation abilities and entrepreneurial and employment awareness of the graduates.

  8. Learning to teach in a coteaching community of practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallo-Fox, Jennifer

    2009-12-01

    As a result of the standards and accountability reforms of the past two decades, heightened attention has been focused upon student learning in the K-12 classrooms, classroom teacher practice, and teacher preparation. This has led to the acknowledgement of limitations of traditional field practicum and that these learning experiences are not well understood (Bullough et al., 2003; Clift & Brady, 2005). Alternative models for student teaching, including those that foster social learning experiences, have been developed. However, research is necessary to understand the implications of these models for preservice teacher learning. Drawing on sociocultural theoretical frameworks and ethnographic perspectives (Gee and Green, 1998), this qualitative research study examined the learning experiences of a cohort of eight undergraduate preservice secondary science teachers who cotaught with eight cooperating teachers for their full practicum semester. In this model, interns planned and taught alongside multiple cooperating teachers and other interns. This study centers on the social and cultural learning that occurred within this networked model and the ways that the interns developed as high school science teachers within a coteaching community of practice (Wenger, 1998). This study utilized the following data sources: Intern and cooperating teachers interviews, field observations, meeting recordings, and program documentation. Analysis focused on community and interpersonal planes of development (Rogoff, 1995) in order understand of the nature of the learning experiences and the learning that was afforded through participant interactions. Several conclusions were made after the data were analyzed. On a daily basis, the interns participated in a wide range of cultural practices and in the activities of the community. The coteaching model challenged the idiosyncratic nature of traditional student teaching models by creating opportunities to learn across various classroom

  9. A microteaching application on a teaching practice course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vahide Can

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated effectivenes of a teaching practice course which realized using the microteaching methods. Theparticipants of the study were six student teachers who experienced teaching practices for two times in a real classroomenvironment. Each of the two teaching practices of the student teachers were videotaped. Having observed of the first videorecords the instructur gave the student teachers feedback about their effectiveness in teaching. Analysis of the video recordsrevealed that student teachers achieved a better performance in their second teachings in terms of explaining basic theoriesand principles, identifying and observing necessary teaching roles and behaviours, preparing lesson plans, and conducting moreeffective teaching practices. In light of the these findings, it is suggested that this method should be integrated into teachingpractice courses.

  10. Talking Briefly about the Teaching Methods Of Practicing English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐秋玲

    2012-01-01

    The original of the Teaching Methods of Practicing English; The Practicing English usages in the teaching of analogous coordination such as pronounce and pronoun; the idea of the Teaching Methods of Practicing English .Grammar is common rules of making sentences which are the basic abilities and general ways of studying and using English for English learners and the rules are infused in English listening, speaking, reading and writing everywhere. The major ideas of The Teaching Methods of Practicing English are to use English grammar to improve the students' language skills by the teaching of analogous coordination .It is not only the quick increasing to teaching methods ,but also the effective tests for the teaching goals and the achievement.

  11. Exploration of Seminar Teaching Model in Practice of Environmental Engineering%环境工程专业实践环节 Seminar 教学模式的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋莉; 刘维平; 梁国斌; 李大春

    2013-01-01

      Seminar teaching model is a students-centered teaching type based on a research involving discussion topics. During the course students discuss with the guidance of their teachers.To improve the teaching level the attempt has been introduced in practice of environmental engineering with a comprehensive analysis on the form of teaching, teaching content, teaching effectiveness, as well as problems. The new teaching method would foster the students' research interest and motivate their innovative ability.%  Seminar 教学模式是指学生在教师的指导下,就某一课题结成小组,在大量调查研究的基础上与教师自由地进行学术探讨的一种新的教学模式。以环境工程专业实践教学环节的特点为依据,从教学形式、教学内容、教学效果以及应注意的问题等方面进行了综合分析,探讨了环境工程专业实践教学改革,对培养学生的创新和实践能力具有重要意义。

  12. A formalized teaching, practice, and research partnership with the Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System: a model for advancing academic partnerships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Ronald G; Foslein-Nash, Cynthia; Singh, Dilpreet K; Zeiss, Robert A; Sanders, Karen M; Patry, Roland; Leff, Richard

    2009-12-17

    In 1999, the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Pharmacy expanded its Dallas/Fort Worth presence by creating a regional campus for pharmacy students in their third and fourth years (P3 and P4 years) of the program. This expansion was driven by the need for additional practice sites. The VANTHCS was an obvious choice for the school due to the similarity of missions for clinical practice, education, and research. The VANTHCS and pharmacy school renovated a 4,000 square foot building, which includes classrooms, conference rooms, a student lounge, and faculty offices (expanded to 8,000 square feet in 2003). To date, the school has invested $1 million in the building. From a practice perspective, VANTHCS purchases faculty professional services from the school to augment its clinical specialist staff. These professional practice contracts provide VANTHCS with 12 additional clinical pharmacy specialists serving 50% of their time in multiple specialty areas. The collaboration has also allowed for expansion of clinical teaching, benefitting both institutions. In addition to the pharmacy student interns on P3 and P4 practice experiences, the collaboration allows for 8 to 10 postgraduate pharmacy residents to train with VANTHCS clinical specialists and school faculty members each year. The VANTHCS/pharmacy school collaboration has clearly enhanced the ability of both institutions to exceed their teaching, research, and practice goals in a cost-effective manner.

  13. Models of Teaching: Indicators Influencing Teachers' Perception of Pedagogical Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordyke, Alison Michelle

    2011-01-01

    The models of teaching are systematic tools that allow teachers to vary their classroom pedagogical practices to meet the needs of all learners in their classroom. This study was designed to determine key factors that influence teachers' decisions when determining a model of teaching for classroom instruction and to identify how teacher training…

  14. Models of Teaching: Indicators Influencing Teachers' Perception of Pedagogical Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordyke, Alison Michelle

    2011-01-01

    The models of teaching are systematic tools that allow teachers to vary their classroom pedagogical practices to meet the needs of all learners in their classroom. This study was designed to determine key factors that influence teachers' decisions when determining a model of teaching for classroom instruction and to identify how teacher training…

  15. Practice of PBL in the Reading Teaching Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Yingting

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Combined PBL with some advanced foreign reading teaching strategies, we choose the most suitable way to give lessons and bring up students ability to think of questions. Based on teaching experience for several years, we propose some teaching strategies in English reading teaching to help students improve the efficiency and accuracy of reading with the help of PBL. After practice, students’ innovation and cooperation are strengthened and the width and depth of their questions are improved.

  16. Teaching Practices and Social Capital. NBER Working Paper No. 17527

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algan, Yann; Cahuc, Pierre; Shleifer, Andrei

    2011-01-01

    We use several data sets to consider the effect of teaching practices on student beliefs, as well as on organization of firms and institutions. In cross-country data, we show that teaching practices (such as copying from the board versus working on projects together) are strongly related to various dimensions of social capital, from beliefs in…

  17. Teaching HR Professionals: The Classroom as a Community of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowlands, Kate; Avramenko, Alex

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces an innovative course design incorporating both communities of practice and reflective practice as a learning strategy for part-time learners in higher education. The new design has been applied to teaching HR practitioners in a UK-based business school. Findings indicate that the suggested way of organizing teaching and…

  18. Authenticity through Reflexivity: Connecting Teaching Philosophy and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Catherine

    2011-01-01

    Adult educators have strong beliefs. This will surprise no-one, but where do their beliefs come from, and how do they influence future development of their teaching practice? Drawing on my PhD research, I explore the multi-directional relationship between teaching beliefs and practices, considering the influence of past traditions of adult…

  19. Teaching Practice at the University of Namibia: Quo Vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Aletta

    2013-01-01

    Teaching Practice in the four-year secondary education degree is unfortunately rated low in the teacher preparation programme at the University of Namibia due to dependence on other faculties for the prescribed academic content. Teaching Practice has to be arranged around the placement of academic courses which form part of the Bachelor of…

  20. Understanding Graduate School Aspirations: The Effect of Good Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Jana M.; Paulsen, Michael B.; Pascarella, Ernest T.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the effects of good teaching practices on post-baccalaureate degree aspirations using logistic regression techniques on a multi-institutional, longitudinal sample of students at 4-year colleges and universities in the USA. We examined whether eight good teaching practices (non-classroom interactions with faculty, prompt…

  1. Yemeni Teachers' Beliefs of Grammar Teaching and Classroom Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezzi, Nemah Abdullah Ayash

    2012-01-01

    Beliefs of in-service English teachers about grammar learning/teaching and the influence of such beliefs on their classroom practices remain relatively unexplored. More precisely, this study explores English teachers' beliefs about grammar learning and teaching. It throws light on the teachers' actual practices in the classrooms of 7th -12th…

  2. Research and Practice of a Teaching Model for Network Programming Course in Higher Vocational Education%高职《网络程序设计》课程教学模式探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹于丰

    2013-01-01

    针对高职《网络程序设计》课程实践性和应用性强的特点,结合任务驱动教学法和案例教学法的理念和构成要素,提出“任务驱动+案例教学”的教学模式。其基本思想是将课程按照基础知识、内部对象、存取数据库、数据库编程等内容划分成许多模块并开设不同的实训项目,根据教学内容和实训项目的不同有针对性地采用任务驱动教学法或案例教学法实施教学。实践表明,将这种教学模式应用于《网络程序设计》课程教学,能显著提高教学效果。%Based on the characteristics of strong practicality and utility of Network Programming course in higher vocational col-lege ,combining with the idea and components of task -driven method and case teaching method ,a teaching model based on“task-driven + case teaching”method in Network Programming course is put forward.Network Programming course is divid-ed into many module according to foundation knowledge ,inside objects ,ASP access datdbase ,and different practical training i-tem is established ,task-driven method and case teaching method are applied respectively during teaching implementation.The result of teaching practice showed that the proposed model can obtain a obvious teaching effect.

  3. 基于地方资源的自然地理野外教学模式的研究与实践%Research and Practice of Practical Teaching Model in Physical Geography Based on the Local Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐树建; 于兴修

    2012-01-01

    Field practice is an important component of physical geography.In order to enhance the field practice step of physical geography practical teaching,we should make fully use of the local resources about physical geography,and build the typical field practice teaching base.The practice teaching system may play an important role in consolidating basic know/edge, inspiring learning interest,illumining the student's innovation and practice ability and teamwork spirit and improving general quality of the undergraduate.In practical operation,the new system of field practices teaching is highly feasible,and with wider generalization.%立足地方资源实际,深入挖掘地方野外实践教学资源,强化自然地理学野外实践教学环节,建立与培养目标相适应的区域性示范基地,构建充分利用地方资源培养学生野外实践能力的教学模式,对巩固专业基础知识、激发学习兴趣、培养学生的创新性与团队精神、提高学生综合素质等方面具有重要作用。经过实际检验,该野外实习教学模式的可操作性强,具有较强的推广价值。

  4. Teachers Talking about Teaching and School: Collaboration and Reflective Practice via Critical Friends Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuh, Lisa P.

    2016-01-01

    Reflective practice has potentially positive effects on an organization's capacity to focus on student learning and teaching practices. In an effort to comply with policy and provide teachers with opportunities to reflect on their practice, districts, schools, and teachers have turned to various models that feature collaborative experiences. One…

  5. An exploration for research-oriented teaching model in biology teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xing, Wanjin; Mo, Morigen; Su, Huimin

    2014-07-01

    Training innovative talents, as one of the major aims for Chinese universities, needs to reform the traditional teaching methods. The research-oriented teaching method has been introduced and its connotation and significance for Chinese university teaching have been discussed for years. However, few practical teaching methods for routine class teaching were proposed. In this paper, a comprehensive and concrete research-oriented teaching model with contents of reference value and evaluation method for class teaching was proposed based on the current teacher-guiding teaching model in China. We proposed that the research-oriented teaching model should include at least seven aspects on: (1) telling the scientific history for the skills to find out scientific questions; (2) replaying the experiments for the skills to solve scientific problems; (3) analyzing experimental data for learning how to draw a conclusion; (4) designing virtual experiments for learning how to construct a proposal; (5) teaching the lesson as the detectives solve the crime for learning the logic in scientific exploration; (6) guiding students how to read and consult the relative references; (7) teaching students differently according to their aptitude and learning ability. In addition, we also discussed how to evaluate the effects of the research-oriented teaching model in examination.

  6. “五环四步”教学模式建构与实践%On Construction and Practice of Four-StepTeaching Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐波

    2014-01-01

    “五环四步”教学模式是以能力本位职业教育思想为指导建构的中职课堂教学的循序性框架结构。教学运行按照“能力发展动员、基础能力诊断、能力发展训练、能力发展鉴定和能力教学反思”五个环节进行,其中,能力发展训练环节按照“明确任务、协作行动、展示成果、同学互评”四个步骤展开。与其他教学模式比较,具有需求导向的动机引导、前诊断后鉴定的目标控制、教少学多的时间分配和集中与分组结合的教学形式等创新点。%Four-Step Teaching Model is a progressive frame structure on the basis of ability occupation edu-cation as the guidance of construction of classroom teaching .Teaching operation in accordance with the“capacity development ,capacity based diagnosis ,mobilization ability development training ,capacity devel-opment and identification of ability of teaching reflection”five links ,one link capacity development ,train-ing in accordance with the“clear tasks ,collaborative action ,showing the result ,peer”four steps to start . Compared with other teaching model ,with demand driven motive guide before diagnosing identification , target control ,teach learn less time distribution and concentration and packet combining teaching form in-novation .

  7. Development and implementation of an online hybrid model for teaching evidence-based practice to health professions: processes and outcomes from an Australian experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saravana Kumar

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Saravana Kumar, Luke Perraton, Zuzana Machotka.International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia.Abstract: Evidence-based practice is now considered to be a vital element of health care service delivery. The call to use evidence to inform other areas, such as teaching and learning, is growing. This paper reports on the processes used to integrate best evidence into teaching practices within an undergraduate health science program. An existing course within this program at an Australian tertiary institution was remodeled by a newly appointed course coordinator in response to critical feedback from student cohorts. A systematic, iterative, five-step approach was used in the development of the new course. The process of development was influenced by current research evidence, an audit of the existing course, and critical feedback from ­students. The new course was evaluated using quantitative and qualitative research methods for five study periods. In 2005, prior to implementing the changes, the overall student satisfaction rating for the course was zero (representing the lowest possible score. In 2006, the overall student satisfaction rating was 62.07, in 2007 it was 65.8, and in 2008 it was 55.7. Qualitative ­findings also supported these quantitative findings, indicating improvements in the structure and process of the new course. The outcomes from the evaluation of the remodeled course provide evidence of a consistent quality learning experience for students, and support the concept of using research evidence to guide the development of teaching and learning practices in the training of health professionals.Keywords: evidence-based teaching, learning, health care, qualitative, quantitative.

  8. The Theory-Practice Integration Teaching Model of Logistics Specialty in Vocational Colleges%职业院校物流专业-体化教学模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    束庄健

    2012-01-01

    Logistics, the necessary management of the flow of resources, links supply, production and sale together. Although prospective logistic professionals are assets to a company and have potentially great room for career development, the present teaching mode in vocational colleges causes the contradiction between the quality of logistic majors and the quality practically required by the industry. This paper first analyzes the problems of traditional teaching model and the their causes, then discusses theoretical ground of theory- practice integration teaching model, and finally gives suggestions for constructing the new teaching model.%物流业是衔接供应、生产、销售三大领域不可或缺的重要环节,物流专业人才是影响物流业发展潜力的重要资源.然而现有的物流专业教学模式致使物流人才培养之“供给”与物流人才社会之“需求”间存较大矛盾。文章研究了传统的物流专业教学模式的弊端及成因,分析了一体化物流教学模式及理论依据,并就如何构建物流管理专业一体化教学模式提出了若干建议。

  9. The epidemiology of teaching and training General Practices in England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Eliot L; Gay, Simon P; McKinley, Robert K

    2016-11-01

    There is no national picture of teaching and training practices or the communities they serve. We aimed to describe the association between general practices' engagement with education and their characteristics, locality and patients' health-status and satisfaction. This data linkage study of all English practices calculated odds ratios for teaching and training status and practice, locality and patient variables. Teaching and training practices are larger than practices which do neither (mean list size (SD) 7074 (3736), 10112 (4934), and 5327 (3368) respectively, p quality and outcomes framework scores (0.507 (0.211, 0.804)) and (0.996 (0.650, 1.342)) respectively than those which did not. Educationally engaged practices are unrepresentative in serving less ethnically diverse and (for training practices) less urban environments. Investment is needed to increase the proportion of educational practices in diverse urban localities.

  10. Teaching through 10,000 Earthquakes: Constructive Practice for Instructors in a Post-Disaster Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Sarah; Wordsworth, Russell

    2013-01-01

    The authors describe their experiences of teaching through a series of major earthquakes and the lessons learned regarding sustaining teaching and learning through an ongoing natural disaster. Student feedback data from across the university is analyzed to generate a model of constructive practice for instructors responding to a crisis. The…

  11. 构建院系教学督导运行模式的探索与实践%Exploration and practice of operating model involved in teaching supervision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周歧新; 颜家珍; 陈颖; 李勤耕; 赵华; 蒋君好

    2008-01-01

    Teaching supervision is an important part of management system reformation and teaching quality control in the colleges and universities. Among the supervision work the teaching supervision of fac-ulty was worth exploring because of its weak position. The operating model of supervision was involved in the working model and system during the process of teaching supervision. In this article the operating model of "five combinations" about the faculty supervision was advocated according to the practice of teaching su-pervision we took part in at the pharmacy faculty, which will be important for regularization of supervision work at the level of faculty.%教学督导是深化高校管理体制改革、构建高校教学质量监控体系的重要一环.院系一级督导是当前督导工作中的薄弱环节,值得研究和探讨.督导工作运行模式是指教学督导过程中的运作方式系统.本文结合药学院教学督导实践,提出五个结合的院系督导工作运行模式,对于规范院系督导工作、提高督导质量具有重要意义.

  12. Beginning teachers’ challenges in their pursuit of effective teaching practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Confait

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the context and experiences of three beginning teachers in their effort to improve their teaching and to implement and align themselves with their schools’ expectations of effective teaching practices. Research findings emerging from a sociocultural-ethnographic framework revealed that participants challenged their own beliefs about effective teaching practices in aligning themselves with their schools’ expectations. In complying with routine expectations, they embraced predominantly teacher-centred practices, rather than a student-centred approach. Given the ongoing effort to augment the quality of education in the Seychelles, beginning teachers’ implementation of and access to evidenced-based practices could be recognised as part of this endeavour.

  13. Practical Marginalized Multilevel Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griswold, Michael E; Swihart, Bruce J; Caffo, Brian S; Zeger, Scott L

    2013-01-01

    Clustered data analysis is characterized by the need to describe both systematic variation in a mean model and cluster-dependent random variation in an association model. Marginalized multilevel models embrace the robustness and interpretations of a marginal mean model, while retaining the likelihood inference capabilities and flexible dependence structures of a conditional association model. Although there has been increasing recognition of the attractiveness of marginalized multilevel models, there has been a gap in their practical application arising from a lack of readily available estimation procedures. We extend the marginalized multilevel model to allow for nonlinear functions in both the mean and association aspects. We then formulate marginal models through conditional specifications to facilitate estimation with mixed model computational solutions already in place. We illustrate the MMM and approximate MMM approaches on a cerebrovascular deficiency crossover trial using SAS and an epidemiological study on race and visual impairment using R. Datasets, SAS and R code are included as supplemental materials.

  14. [Reform and practice on the experiment teaching of medical parasitology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jin-Hong; Tang, Xiao-Niu; Gao, Xi-Yin; Wang, Shao-Sheng; Li, Chao-Pin

    2011-12-01

    A new model of education is investigated to meet the new idea of experiment teaching in university. Therefore the establishment of experiment teaching model of medical parasitology needs to be correspondently reformed. A variety of new management measures are taken to raise the efficiency of experiment teaching in training the students in the College.

  15. Decision Making in the Practical Domain: A Model of Practical Conceptual Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Allan

    2000-01-01

    Considers teaching as an activity in which teachers deliberate in the practical domain to decide on actions and goals. Argues that because practical reasoning is similar to scientific reasoning, a model of practical conceptual change can be developed that is analogous to the conceptual change model. Examines two case studies of teachers using the…

  16. Teaching HR Professionals: The Classroom as a Community of Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Avramenko

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces an innovative course design incorporating both communities of practice and reflective practice as a learning strategy for part-time learners in higher education. The new design has been applied to teaching HR practitioners in a UK-based business school. Findings indicate that the suggested way of organizing teaching and learning for part-time professionals is very informative and facilitates a richer engagement with theory whilst addressing issues of practice.

  17. Film Art Teaching and Practice Innovation Research under New Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗淞译

    2015-01-01

    As a kind of media that id different from newspapers, radio, television and other media, new media mainly includes mobile media, network media, digital TV and other forms of digital information as well as entertainment service communication forms. In today’s rapid development of new media, how should film art teaching and practice adapt the change of communication way and how should our course teaching and practice keep up with the change of communication way, innovating film art teaching and practice becomes the key to the reform of film art course in colleges and universities. In this paper, film art teaching and practice innovation are discussed under new media combining the author’s teaching experiences for many years.

  18. COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING AND ITS MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT THE PRACTICE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING (ELT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Diana

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Communicative Language Teaching (CLT has been accepted as one of the teaching methods by numerous language teachers due to its major focus on developing learners’ communicative competence. This paper aims to describe communicative language teaching, misinterpretations about its practice and the factors leading to teachers’ misconceptions. It shows four misinterpreted beliefs of the implementation of communicative language teaching: communicative skills, teacher’s role in communicative activities, fluency and accuracy as the main goals and teaching techniques. It then presents three reasons that might lead to teachers’ misinterpretations concerning the practice of CLT. Teachers do not have enough training and  adequate resources.

  19. Student's perception about innovative teaching learning practices in Forensic Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Sanjay; Parekh, Utsav N; Ganjiwale, Jaishree D

    2017-09-11

    Since decades, Forensic Medicine is mainly taught by didactic methods but in last couple of years some other teachinglearning and assessment methods are also introduced at some places which also lacks uniformity. Feedback from learners is most fundamental aspect to assess effectiveness of applied methods, but is not implemented in practice at most medical schools in India. Unfortunately, medical students are deprived of this practical empowerment and thus may not be efficient enough to contribute potentially to the justice system during their professional life. In order to improve their efficiency in the field, we introduced few innovative teaching-learning methods and documented their perceptions. This pilot study was carried out with students who had completed their second professional year (5th semester) of medical curriculum. Students were exposed to few innovative teaching-learning and assessment approaches in addition to conventional methods during their Forensic Medicine term. These approaches were interactivity in large group lecturing, small group activities, student led objective tutorial, court visit in real scenario, practical records book, surprise tests, structured theory question papers, model answers, objective structured practical examinations and structured oral viva. Their perceptions were documented later through structured questionnaire. Students reported all methods as 'interesting' except 'surprise tests'. Court visits were rated highest for generating interest (98%). Clarity of concept was experienced through all methods (range of 71-95%). Interactive large group lectures reported highest (by 95%students) for clarifying concepts, although this is not a typical characteristic of large group teaching. Enhanced learning experience was reported in 75-92.5% for different methods. Student Led Objective Tutorials seemed to facilitate enhance learning most (92.5%). Innovations in teaching-learning are need of hour especially in subject like Forensic

  20. Approaches to support the scholarship of teaching and scholarly teaching practice at Leeds Beckett University (LBU)

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, SV

    2017-01-01

    The “scholarship of teaching” (SoTL) and “the practice of scholarly teaching”, although closely related, are activities which differ in intention and outcome. The purpose of scholarly teaching is to affect the activity of teaching and the resulting learning, while the scholarship of teaching results in a formal, peer-reviewed communication in appropriate media, which then becomes part of the body of knowledge of teaching and learning in higher education (Richlin & Cox, 2004, p.127). \\ud Altho...

  1. Rethinking Teaching and Teaching Practice at University in a Lifelong Learning Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jõgi, Larissa; Karu, Katrin; Krabi, Kristiina

    2015-01-01

    The development visions of universities, the growing heterogeneity of learners at all levels and changes in higher education are increasing expectations of academics' professionalism and their teaching practices. Learning experiences and teaching practices at university influence further choices and support continuing lifelong learning of…

  2. Teaching exploration and practice of the human body structure course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng LI; Ming-feng CHEN; Wen-long DING

    2015-01-01

    In the 21 st century,the medical model has transformed from the biological model to the biopsycho-social medical model. The transformation of medical model raises higher requirements for the training of medical staff. Comprehensive promotion of the reform of medical education has become the consensus and trend,which breeds the integrated medical teaching that is based on modules and organ systems. As one of eight integrated modules,the human body structure course of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine introduces morphological structures of normal human organs according to function systems( such as locomotor system,digestive system,angiological system,and nervous system) of human organs and parts of human body. This course endeavors to integrate theories with practices,contents of disciplines of basic medicine,and basic medicine with clinical medicine. The human body structure course combines basic medicine with clinical medicine and is an important part of medical science.

  3. Evolving Practice: A Relational Framework for Developing Understandings of University Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Donna Mathewson

    2014-01-01

    As a teacher educator I am concerned with developing understandings of my teaching as it evolves over time, in relation to the university teaching context and more broadly in terms understandings of teaching practice. In this paper, I outline the development of a framework designed for this purpose. The Relational Framework for Investigating…

  4. NOTES FOR A TEACHING MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Adriana Estrada Soza

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the actions that require institutions of teachers is to review the part reflective of our work teaching, being this aspect one of the elements which, in our opinion, we consider relevant in the learning process of teachers, and the same teacher trainers of teachers, by the fact that today day improve educational practices, part of this is based and hence the orientation vocational preparation. On the one hand only has prioritized him the curriculum and the instructional to promote the teaching and learning. And isn't bad, but it requires that all teachers us us to a more interactive form with our practice, primarily teaching institutions, have not only outlined in their professional academic profiles who never imagined that they would enter teaching and by the simple fact of being professional, not subjected to a formative and reflective process also of their own practicesby which much of what orients itself at future masters students, it doesn't impact beyond the classroom. This proposal somewhat idealistic, personally has given us a new perspective on where you have to w

  5. How to improve teaching practices: the role of teacher motivation, organizational factors and leadership practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thoonen, E.E.J.; Sleegers, P.J.C.; Oort, F.J.; Peetsma, T.T.D.; Geijsel, F.P.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Although it is expected that building schoolwide capacity for teacher learning will improve teaching practices, there is little systematic evidence to support this claim. This study aimed to examine the relative impact of transformational leadership practices, school organizational conditio

  6. Analysing the transformation of higher education with ict. An exploratory study on teaching beliefs and teaching practices with ict in latin american universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenda Barros

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available It highlights the need to promote a change in teaching at university, the characteristics of this change in teaching practices, more participatory and open, and the contribution of information and communications technology (ICT. It presents an exploratory qualitative study – based on two cases of university teaching practices in Latin America– of teacher beliefs and uses of ICT in their teaching. The results of analysis of the cases highlights the importance of teachers’ pedagogical beliefs in the uses of ICT. A model for analyzing these practices is proposed.

  7. DYNAMIC TEACHING RATIO PEDAGOGIC MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Jiaying

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines an innovative pedagogic model, Dynamic Teaching Ratio (DTR Pedagogic Model, for learning design and teaching strategy aimed at the postsecondary technical education. The model draws on the theory of differential learning, which is widely recognized as an important tool for engaging students and addressing the individual needs of all students. The DTR model caters to the different abilities, interest or learning needs of students and provides different learning approaches based on a student’s learning ability. The model aims to improve students’ academic performance through increasing the lecturer-to-student ratio in the classroom setting. An experimental case study on the model was conducted and the outcome was favourable. Hence, a large-scale implementation was carried out upon the successful trial run. The paper discusses the methodology of the model and its application through the case study and the large-scale implementation.

  8. Five High-Impact Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, L. Dee

    2016-01-01

    If we want our teaching to have a major impact on student learning, what are some ideas that can help us do that? Since 1990, the scholars of teaching and learning have been generating a wealth of new ideas about college-level teaching. All of these are good ideas, but which ones have the most potential to have a high impact on student engagement…

  9. Reflections from European examples on the teaching of modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Cabassut

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Recommendations of European parliament and Rocard‘s report invite to develop the teaching of modelling. The European Commission programmes like LEMA, PRIMAS and STEAM support the development of resources, training and research on the teaching of modelling. We will study European examples about the teaching of modelling, from secondary and tertiary education and from pre-service and in-service teachers training. They point the different levels of determination and the different didactic questions related to students and teachers practices and to mathematical and didactical organisations. The example of the European program LEMA illustrates a teacher training course on modelling and the difficulties to implement a teaching of modelling. We will present some recent results of research bringing challenges for the teaching of modelling. The idea of this talk is to take examples in Europa about the teaching of modelling in order to reflect on this teaching. In a first time we will browse the institutional context from global to local where the teaching of modelling takes place by giving examples from Europe. Then we develop one of these examples, the LEMA project, in order to reflect on teaching of modelling by illustrating with recent researches.

  10. Representing Practice: Practice Models, Patterns, Bundles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falconer, Isobel; Finlay, Janet; Fincher, Sally

    2011-01-01

    This article critiques learning design as a representation for sharing and developing practice, based on synthesis of three projects. Starting with the findings of the Mod4L Models of Practice project, it argues that the technical origins of learning design, and the consequent focus on structure and sequence, limit its usefulness for sharing…

  11. Integration of Histology Lectures and Practical Teaching in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xiaoye; Cheng, Xin; Li, Ke; Lee, Kenneth Ka Ho; Yang, Xuesong

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Human histology is a discipline concerning the study of microscopic structures of human tissues and organs--with the aid of light or electron microscopes. Traditional teaching of histology is composed of two separated components, theory and practice. The main disadvantage with traditional histology teaching is the detachment of theory…

  12. Assessing Pre-Service Teachers' Quality Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiyun; Hendricks, Kristin; Archibald, Kelsi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to design and validate the Assessing Quality Teaching Rubrics (AQTR) that assesses the pre-service teachers' quality teaching practices in a live lesson or a videotaped lesson. Twenty-one lessons taught by 13 Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) students were videotaped. The videotaped lessons were evaluated…

  13. Teaching Interactive Practices and Burnout: A Study on Italian Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mameli, Consuelo; Molinari, Luisa

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to analyse the role played by teaching interactive practices (measured through a self-report Likert scale) in predicting teacher burnout, after controlling for school grade (primary vs. secondary school) and teaching experience. Participants were 282 Italian teachers equally distributed between primary and…

  14. An Idealistic View of Teaching: Teacher Students' Personal Practical Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maaranen, Katriina; Pitkäniemi, Harri; Stenberg, Katariina; Karlsson, Liisa

    2016-01-01

    Personal practical theories (PPTs) are built based on underlying beliefs, experiences, values and conceptions regarding 'good teaching'. Having a vision of teaching and valuing the work may have a strong effect on one's sense of identity, resilience and commitment. This study focused on Finnish teacher students' (N = 84) PPTs constructed during…

  15. Jordanian Chemistry Teachers' Views on Teaching Practices and Educational Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Amoush, Siham A.; Markic, Silvija; Eilks, Ingo

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluates experienced teachers' views of chemistry teaching and learning and educational reform in Jordan. The main focus is an investigation of applied teaching practices in chemistry education, including educators' perception of the intentions and effects of ongoing educational reforms. The study is based on semi-structured interviews…

  16. Beginning Teachers' Challenges in Their Pursuit of Effective Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Confait, Steve

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the context and experiences of three beginning teachers in their effort to improve their teaching and to implement and align themselves with their schools' expectations of effective teaching practices. Research findings emerging from a sociocultural-ethnographic framework revealed that participants challenged their own…

  17. Teaching the Best Practice Way: Methods That Matter, K-12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Harvey; Bizar, Marilyn

    2004-01-01

    Everyone talks about "best practice" teaching--what does it actually look like in the classroom? How do working teachers translate complex curriculum standards into simple, workable classroom structures that embody exemplary instruction--and still let kids find joy in learning? In this book, the authors present seven basic teaching structures that…

  18. Teaching Compressed-Format Courses: Teacher-Based Best Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kops, William J.

    2014-01-01

    This study provides insight into how highly rated instructors approached teaching compressed summer session courses, and offers a set of best practices that others might use when teaching in similar settings. Top-rated instructors indicated differences in the way they taught compressed-format summer session courses, with respect to course…

  19. Innovations in Teaching Adults: Proven Practices in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirstein, Kurt D., Ed.; Schieber, Craig E., Ed.; Flores, Kelly A., Ed.; Olswang, Steven G., Ed.

    2013-01-01

    In the rapidly changing world of higher education, innovative approaches to teaching adults are needed to drive instructional practices for helping to prepare the professionals of the future. The papers collected in "Innovations in Teaching Adults" were originally presented at a conference at City University of Seattle. The authors of…

  20. The motivation to teach as a registrar in general practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thampy, Harish; Agius, Steven; Allery, Lynne A

    2013-07-01

    The General Medical Council (GMC) states that teaching should be an integral part of the doctor's role and the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) have incorporated teaching outcomes into the GP training curriculum. However, there are suggestions that the teaching role of a GP trainee declines as they move from hospital posts to the registrar community year. Using doctors in training as near-peer tutors offers multiple advantages. Trainees themselves benefit as teaching others is a strong driver of the tutor's own learning. In addition there are also practical incentives to mobilising this under-utilised pool of primary care clinical teachers given the continuing shift of focusing medical education in the community. This study forms part of a larger body of work exploring the attitudes and perceived learning needs of GP registrars with regards to developing a teaching role. A primary area of investigation was trainees' motivation to teach. This paper describes our attempts to establish: a) how strongly motivated are GP registrars to take on teaching roles? b) in consequence how strongly motivated are they to learn more about teaching? c) what are the factors which affect motivation to teach? Three themes emerged from the data. First, teaching was felt to be of low priority in comparison to competing clinical learning needs. Secondly, the clinical dominance to both formative and summative assessment during training further compounded this situation. Thirdly, registrars identified a number of practical barriers and incentives that influenced their teaching engagement. This included potential negative views from trainers as to their trainee's ability and requirement to be involved with teaching activities.By understanding and addressing these issues, it is hoped that GP trainees' engagement with teaching activities can be better engendered with subsequent benefits for both the trainee and those they teach.

  1. the adoption of some counselling techniques in teaching practice ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth

    Key words; counselling techniques, teaching practice, supervision. Introduction ... awareness of an aspect of one's behaviour or a concrete change from an .... Ingule F. O., Row R. C. and Ndambuki W. (1996) Educational Psychology.

  2. Assessing Teaching Effectiveness of the English Grammar Teacher in Public Senior High Schools within the Cape Coast Metropolis Using the Quality Teaching Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atta-Asamoah, Obed; Emefa Doe, Jennifer; Narh Tekpetey, Victor; Hepzibah Amprofi Boham, Eunice

    2014-01-01

    The focus of this study was to assess the teaching effectiveness of English Grammar teachers in public Senior High Schools within the Cape Coast Metropolis using the Quality Teaching Model. It sought to ascertain how appropriately the three dimensions of the Quality Teaching Model are addressed in the teaching and assessment practices of the…

  3. Exploration and practice of participatory teaching in higher vocational college mathematical modeling teaching%参与式教学在高职高专数学建模课程教学中的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟繁慧

    2014-01-01

    本文主要论述了高职高专数学建模课程实施参与式教学的意义和方法,并针对参与式教学存在的问题提出了解决的策略。%This paper mainly discusses the higher vocational college mathematical modeling significance and methods of the implementation of the participatory teaching, and aiming at the existing problem of participatory teaching strategies were proposed.

  4. Peer teaching in medical education: twelve reasons to move from theory to practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ten Cate, Olle; Durning, Steven

    2007-09-01

    To provide an estimation of how often peer teaching is applied in medical education, based on reports in the literature and to summarize reasons that support the use of this form of teaching. We surveyed the 2006 medical education literature and categorised reports of peer teaching according to educational distance between students teaching and students taught, group size, and level of formality of the teaching. Subsequently, we analysed the rationales for applying peer teaching. Most reports were published abstracts in either Medical Education's annual feature 'Really Good Stuff' or the AMEE's annual conference proceedings. We identified twelve distinct reasons to apply peer teaching, including 'alleviating faculty teaching burden', 'providing role models for junior students', 'enhancing intrinsic motivation' and 'preparing physicians for their future role as educators'. Peer teaching appears to be practiced often, but many peer teaching reports do not become full length journal articles. We conclude that specifically 'near-peer teaching' appears beneficial for student teachers and learners as well as for the organisation. The analogy of the 'journeyman', as intermediate between 'apprentice' and 'master', with both learning and teaching tasks, is a valuable but yet under-recognized source of education in the medical education continuum.

  5. A Research on the Discourse-based Practical Model for English Writing Teaching%基于话语的应用型写作教学模式探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段彦艳; 李林菊; 李庆国

    2014-01-01

    The basic problem currently existing in English writing teaching in the pre-service stage is that stu-dents know quite little about the knowledge of English writing and its teaching. Accordingly,a practical model based on discourse is proposed to solve the problem,for it can raise students'metacognition awareness and reflective abili-ty,increase their practice time and well conduct a student-centred teaching. And this model can better meet the de-mand of application-oriented teaching of universities,thereby providing qualified English teachers for secondary ed-ucation to improve their English writing teaching.%目前,教师职前教育中英语写作教学的根本问题是学生对英语写作及写作教学的认知严重欠缺。为改变当下英语写作教学现状,应采用基于话语的应用型写作教学模式。该模式能够有效增强学生的元认知意识和反思能力,增加学生写作练习时间,并能够以学生为中心展开教学。它能够较好地适应高校应用型教学的培养要求,为改善中学英语写作教学提供合格的师资力量。

  6. The Model of Teaching Practice and Teachers" Practical Thinking --Concurrent Comments on "Special Teahing Epistemology"%教学实践模式与教师的实践思维——兼评“特殊教学认识论”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟启泉

    2012-01-01

    教学实践模式经历了从行为主义经认知主义到建构主义这一演进过程。社会建构主义教学实践模式所要求的新型教师专家的成长,需要高层次的判断——提供问题框架,在做出教学行为的同时,同问题解决情境展开对话与反思。因此,锻造教师实践思维的课题应当列入教学研究的日程。教师唯有通过实践思维的锻造,才能正确地理解教学知识的基础、教学知识的源泉以及教学过程的复杂性,真正从技术熟练者走向反思性实践家。教师实践思维的形成不是一蹴而就的,它是每一个教师在其所在的学校文化之中与同僚教师一道分享、一道形成的。%The model of teaching practice has evolved from "behaviourism" to "cognitivism" and then to "constructivism". In this process, social-constructivism teaching practice model is very meaningful for us right now. It advocates that the professional teachers" development needs high-level judgment, i.e. while they teach, using problem-solving framework to "dialogue" with the context, and reflect on it. This is the meaning of teachers" practical thinking. So, developing teachers" practical thinking for teaching should be one of the topics of teaching t~search. Only by developing teachers" practical thinking, can the teachers understand the knowledge base of teaching and the source of teaching knowledge as well as the complexity of teaching process. It's also the approach from technician to reflective practitioner for every teacher. The forming of practical thinking tor teaching does not accomplish in an action, it is the process that each teacher develops together with the colleagues in the school culture they work.

  7. Teaching Culture: Questioning Perspectives on Our Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Met, Myriam

    2010-01-01

    Despite years of training, teaching experience, reading professional literature, attending conferences, and learning from expert colleagues, when it comes to the teaching of culture, the author wishes she knew more answers to many critical questions. Her questions are framed by the basic questions that all curricula seek to answer: WHAT is the…

  8. 督管学教一体化教学督导模式的构建与实践%The Construction and Practice of the Integrated Teaching Model of the Teaching and Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    昝雪峰; 代玉文

    2016-01-01

    The traditional teaching supervision patterns have many problems,which are not conducive to the improvement of teaching quality.Construction supervision of science education integration model of teaching supervision mode,expand the con-notation and scope of supervision."Christian,inspectors,supervision form is pragmatic and effective,easy to construct and operate.It is conducive to the improvement of teaching supervision of the pertinence and effectiveness of,to make up for the lack of traditional teaching supervision mode.%传统的教学督导模式存在很多问题,不利于教学质量的提高。构建督管学教一体化新型教学督导模式,拓展督导内涵和范围,“督教、督学、督管”三督一体,务实有效,容易构建,易于操作,有利于提高教学督导的针对性和有效性,弥补传统教学督导模式的不足。

  9. Colorblind and Multicultural Ideologies Are Associated with Faculty Adoption of Inclusive Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragón, Oriana R.; Dovidio, John F.; Graham, Mark J.

    2017-01-01

    Professional workshops aimed at increasing student diversity typically urge college-level science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) educators to implement inclusive teaching practices. A model of the process by which educators adopt such practices, and the relationship between adoption and 2 ideologies of diversity is tested here. One…

  10. An Investigation of Research-Based Teaching Practices through the Teacher Evaluations in Indiana Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargent, Michael Steven

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify if a relationship existed between the implementation of professional evaluation processes and the use of research-based teaching practices, factoring in both perceptions of principals and practicing teachers. The variables of professional development on the evaluation model and the principal's years of…

  11. Innovative integrative bedside teaching model improves tutors’ self-assessments of teaching skills and attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Itai Gat

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Patient bedside is the ideal setting for teaching physical examination, medical interviewing, and interpersonal skills. Herein we describe a novel model for bedside teaching (BST practiced during tutor training workshop and its resulting effect on practitioners’ self assessment of teaching skills and perceptions. Methods: One-day tutor training workshop included theoretical knowledge supplementation regarding tutors’ roles as well as implementing practical tools for clinical education, mainly BST model. The model, which emphasizes simultaneous clinical and communication teaching in a stepwise approach, was practiced by consecutive simulations with a gradual escalation of difficulty and adjusted instruction approaches. Pre- and post-workshop-adjusted questionnaires using a Likert scale of 1 to 4 were completed by participants and compared. Results: Analysis was based on 25 out of 48 participants who completed both questionnaires. Significantly improved teaching skills were demonstrated upon workshop completion (mean 3.3, SD 0.5 compared with pre-training (mean 2.6, SD 0.6; p<0.001 with significant increase in most examined parameters. Significantly improved tutor's roles internalization was demonstrated after training completion (mean 3.7, SD 0.3 compared with pre-workshop (mean 3.5 SD 0.5; p=0.002. Discussion: Successful BST involves combination of clinical and communication skills. BST model practiced during the workshop may contribute to improved teaching skills in this challenging environment.

  12. “内科护理学”教学中理实一体教学模式的构建%On the Construction of the Theory-Practice Integrated Teaching Model in the Teaching of "Internal Medical Nursing"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁俐

    2015-01-01

    Higher vocational education aims to cultivate highly skilled and applied talents. Abstract theory teaching can hardly meet the above need, but practice can. Theory-practice integrat-ed teaching emphasizes on the integration of theory and practice and focuses on ability cultivation, so it is a development trend for higher vocational education reform. This paper is a preliminary exploration on the construction of the theory-practice integrated teaching model in the teaching of internal medical nursing.%高职教育培养的是高技能应用型人才。抽象的理论教学很难适应“高技能”需求,在实践中才能产生高技能。理实一体教学强调的是理论与实践的融合,注重的是能力培养,因此,理实一体教学是高职教育改革的发展趋势。本文就内科护理学教学中理实一体构建模式进行初步探讨。

  13. Teaching and Assessing Professionalism in Medical Learners and Practicing Physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul S. Mueller

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Professionalism is a core competency of physicians. Clinical knowledge and skills (and their maintenance and improvement, good communication skills, and sound understanding of ethics constitute the foundation of professionalism. Rising from this foundation are behaviors and attributes of professionalism: accountability, altruism, excellence, and humanism, the capstone of which is professionalism. Patients, medical societies, and accrediting organizations expect physicians to be professional. Furthermore, professionalism is associated with better clinical outcomes. Hence, medical learners and practicing physicians should be taught and assessed for professionalism. A number of methods can be used to teach professionalism (e.g. didactic lectures, web-based modules, role modeling, reflection, interactive methods, etc.. Because of the nature of professionalism, no single tool for assessing it among medical learners and practicing physicians exists. Instead, multiple assessment tools must be used (e.g. multi-source feedback using 360-degree reviews, patient feedback, critical incident reports, etc.. Data should be gathered continuously throughout an individual’s career. For the individual learner or practicing physician, data generated by these tools can be used to create a “professionalism portfolio,” the totality of which represents a picture of the individual’s professionalism. This portfolio in turn can be used for formative and summative feedback. Data from professionalism assessments can also be used for developing professionalism curricula and generating research hypotheses. Health care leaders should support teaching and assessing professionalism at all levels of learning and practice and promote learning environments and institutional cultures that are consistent with professionalism precepts.

  14. Rethinking teaching and teaching practice at university in a lifelong learning context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jõgi, Larissa; Karu, Katrin; Krabi, Kristiina

    2015-02-01

    The development visions of universities, the growing heterogeneity of learners at all levels and changes in higher education are increasing expectations of academics' professionalism and their teaching practices. Learning experiences and teaching practices at university influence further choices and support continuing lifelong learning of university students. This paper presents research results from an empirical survey carried out at Tallinn University in Estonia. It investigates how students experience teaching and teaching practices and how academics experience their own teaching. Within a theoretical framework of adult learning principles, the emphasis is on the importance of and interrelations between teaching practices and the student learning process at university. Relevant data were collected from 235 students, who were asked to fill in a semi-structured questionnaire, and from 9 academic staff members, who were asked to submit reflection papers. The students and the academics in the sample came from three different disciplines: (1) mathematics/natural sciences; (2) educational sciences/teacher education; and (3) social sciences. The empirical data thus gathered were then analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The authors' findings indicate that while students experience current teaching practices as somewhat limited to a one-sided passing on of knowledge to learners, academic staff perceive their teaching as a collaborative process which helps their students' development. This discrepancy creates tension and thus calls for change.

  15. Co-teaching: teachers’ conceptions and practices in a School of Education in Peru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Suárez-Diaz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a descriptive study of two topics: 1 the correspondence between conceptions on co-teaching and the teaching practices of teachers at the School of Education in a private university in Lima; 2 the conditions that favor and restrict co-teaching, from the teachers’ perspective. Through interviews and documentary analysis, the idea of co-teaching as “team teaching” was found to be dominant, even though in practice, autonomy was favored, and teachers are beginning to use a combination of the “station teaching” and “one teach, one drift” models. The courses praised most highly by students were one course developed as “team teaching” and two developed with different degrees of autonomy. The main facilitating factors were personal ones; the main restricting factors were students’ ability and aspects relating to management.

  16. [Structured teaching of surgery the LMU model in Munich].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiapponi, C; Bruns, C J; Pilz, F; Kanz, K-G; Mutschler, W; Jauch, K-W; Siebeck, M

    2014-12-01

    The medical curriculum (MeCuM) of the Ludwig Maximilian University (LMU) in Munich is a dynamic curriculum aimed to support the learning process of all students with their different learning styles. It is based on interactive, activating teaching methods in order to increase students' interest, and on repetitive evaluation of teaching units to modify the teaching in order to meet students' needs and wishes. In this context the teaching of surgery at our faculty takes place. Besides interdisciplinary lessons where diseases are taught in cooperation with our colleagues from internal medicine, indications for surgery, complications and consequences of surgery for the patients are analysed in PBL tutorials, online cases, bedside teachings and practical teaching on the ward. Surgical skills like suturing are demonstrated in videos, practiced on models or during practical teaching on the ward and they are tested in OSCEs. During the "praktisches Jahr", the students in the last year of their medical studies are supposed to apply their practical skills besides repeating theoretical knowledge in order to pass the final examination. For this purpose they are taught in a revision course called "LMU-StaR" (revision course for the Staatsexamen). In this paper we describe in detail the teaching of surgery at our faculty.

  17. Practice of Project Teaching Mode in the Teaching Practice%实训项目教学模式在教学实践中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春娟

    2013-01-01

    Combined with the object -oriented program design course teaching practice ,that the tradi-tional teaching mode of the course teaching in the presence of the disconnection between theory and prac-tice ,does not to stimulate the initiative and creativity of students'learning ;And usually theories are very abstract in the traditional teading mode and students are difficult to understand ;the existing problems in teaching programs are unable to finish the curriculum teaching objectives and teaching content .Based on the project of training mode ,the teaching process combines with students self-study throughout the course would let students easily master the theoretical knowledge in practice .Therefore ,this method in teaching and training project based teaching model is very necessary .%结合面向对象程序设计课程的教学实际,认为目前该课程教学中采用的传统教学模式存在理论与实践脱节,无法激发学生学习的主动性和创新性;理论较为抽象,学生很难理解;现有的教学学时根本无法较好地完成本课程的设定的教学目标和教学内容等问题。而基于实训项目的教学模式,使得整个课程的教学过程与学生自主学习密切结合,能让学生在实践中掌握理论知识,所以教学中采用基于实训项目的教学模式是非常必要的。

  18. 理实一体化教学模式在物流管理人才培养中的应用设计%Application and Design of Theoretic and Practical Integration Teaching Model in Cultivating Logistics Management Talents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲

    2015-01-01

    理实一体化教学模式能够将理论学习和实践训练有机融合,提高教学质量,在当前的职业教育中,是比较创新的教学理念。对当前的高职物流管理人才培养来说,如何强化和提高学生的职业能力,已经成为影响物流行业良性发展的重要因素,因此,在高职物流人才的培养模式中导入理实一体化的教学理念,可以激发学生的学习热情,加强学生对专业课程学习的参与程度,有效提升学生的技能水平,在某种意义上来,是高职院校人才培养的必然趋势。%Theoretic and practical integration teaching model can put the theory study and practice organically fuses,to improve the quality of teaching,which is a kind of more innovative teaching idea.How to strengthen and improve occupation ability of students has become an important factor affecting the development of the logistics industry for the cultivation of college logistics management talent currently in current education.Therefore,To implantate Theoretic and practical integration teaching idea in the cultivation of college logistics management talent,which can stimulate learning enthusiasm,strengthening participation degree of learning professional course,effectively improve the skill level for students.In a sense,this is the inevitable trend of college education.

  19. Changing Science Teaching Practice in Early Career Secondary Teaching Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartholomew, Rex; Moeed, Azra; Anderson, Dayle

    2011-01-01

    Initial teacher education (ITE) is being challenged internationally to prepare teachers with the understandings needed to teach an increasingly diverse student population. Science teachers need to prepare students with both conceptual and procedural understanding. The challenge is to prioritise a balance in ITE courses between theoretical…

  20. Reform Practice of Experimental Teaching Model of "Object-Oriented Programming"%“面向对象程序设计”实验教学模式改革实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭小荟

    2011-01-01

    "Object-oriented programming" is a very practical curriculum,the experimental teaching is the key to the effect of the whole curriculum teaching.On the basis of the analysis of the traditional experimental teaching model of "object-oriented programming",the article put forward to carrying out the experimental teaching reform from three aspects of the classroom experiment,curriculum design and homework.%"面向对象程序设计"是一门实践性很强的课程,实验教学环节是整个课程教学效果的关键。在分析传统的"面向对象程序设计"实验教学模式的基础上,从课内实验、课程设计、课外作业三个方面进行了该课程的实验教学改革。

  1. Study and Practice of Electromechanical Integrated Curriculum Design Teaching Model%机电综合课程设计教学模式的研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁冬梅

    2012-01-01

    本文论述了机电综合课程设计的重要性,提出了以工程实践能力培养为目标的机电综合课程设计教学模式,制定了机电综合课程设计的选题原则,完善了组织实施方案,提高了机电综合课程设计教学质量。%This paper discusses the importance of the electromechanical integrated curriculum design,engineering practice ability to target the electromechanical integrated curriculum design teaching model,developed the principle of the electromechanical integrated curriculum design topics,and improve the organization and implementation of programs to improve the mechanical and electrical integrated curriculum design teaching quality.

  2. Consequences of Personal Teaching Metaphors for Teacher Identity and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Lynnette B.; Pinnegar, Stefinee

    2017-01-01

    Past research has clearly indicated that teachers' metaphors can serve as a framework that moves our understanding of teaching forward by making more explicit the intuitive knowledge teachers hold about themselves, their classrooms, and their practice. Making explicit how metaphors uncover the understandings that guide the practices of in-service…

  3. Translation and Bilingual Practice for German Vocabulary Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustyn, Prisca

    2013-01-01

    This article offers a critical examination of the current practices and beliefs about vocabulary teaching and learning in typical communicative-approach German classrooms. While research on vocabulary acquisition is scarce, frequency dictionaries reveal that current practice is based heavily on the use of concrete, referential lexemes that may be…

  4. A Practical Guide to Political Action: Grassroots and English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Leslie David

    2007-01-01

    Leslie David Burns calls teachers to the political forefront, believing that we need to educate our communities about our work by dispelling inaccurate public assumptions about literacy, "best" teaching practices, and accountability standards. He provides teachers with a list of practical steps for "intentional political action" at the grassroots…

  5. Teachers' views of practical work in the teaching of fractions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Graphic

    Although this was a small-scale, qualitative study, interesting ob- servations were .... proposed should predominantly consist of organizing or mathematising subject ... cated that these teachers attached a strong value to the role of practical work ..... positive attitudes towards practical fraction teaching looks like a continuation.

  6. Teaching the Sociocultural Norms of an Undergraduate Community of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couper, Graeme; Denny, Heather; Watkins, Annette

    2016-01-01

    The importance of teaching second language learners the pragmatic norms of relevant communities of practice is widely recognised. Familiarisation with these norms is also an important aspect of socialisation for native speakers entering a new community of practice. This study focuses on pragmatic instruction of English as an additional language…

  7. Translation and Bilingual Practice for German Vocabulary Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustyn, Prisca

    2013-01-01

    This article offers a critical examination of the current practices and beliefs about vocabulary teaching and learning in typical communicative-approach German classrooms. While research on vocabulary acquisition is scarce, frequency dictionaries reveal that current practice is based heavily on the use of concrete, referential lexemes that may be…

  8. A Case Study of How Teaching Practice Process Takes Place

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yalin Ucar, Meltem

    2012-01-01

    The process of "learning" carries an important role in the teaching practice which provides teacher candidates with professional development. Being responsible for the learning experiences in that level, cooperating teacher, teacher candidate, mentor and practice school are the important variables which determine the quality of the teaching…

  9. Teaching as Assemblage: Negotiating Learning and Practice in the First Year of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, Kathryn J.

    2015-01-01

    Recent accountability policies seek to "grade" teacher preparation programs by the teaching evaluations of their graduates. This article addresses the problematic nature of the linear thinking underlying such reforms by examining the construction of teaching practices of Mauro, a first-year secondary science teacher who taught…

  10. Math teaching practices of teachers in a school of Tunja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Jiménez Espinosa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The study of teaching practices promotes their own improvement, as it allows to enter the classrooms and get a first hand look at what is happening there. Some theories and reforms, that have tried to permeate these practices, are supposed to promote change in the way teachers act, but it does not really occurred. This article is the result of a research that aimed to know school realities of Math teaching practices through the experiences of classroom situations. It is shown a brief description of how Math teaching practices in areas such as planning, classroom dynamics, and assessment of learning are being performed by some teachers. The research had a qualitative approach whereas observation and an open-ended questionnaire were the main information instruments. The study highlights the complexity in which these teachers should develop their work as well as the difficulties caused by the school context features.

  11. Research on teaching model of learning with practice in economic mathematics%经济数学“学用结合”教育模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于艳华; 孙彩云

    2012-01-01

    The current situation of the domestic and foreign teaching of economic mathematics was discussed in this thesis. It was pointed out the necessity that the mathematical modeling thoughts should be integrated into economic mathematics courses. Combined with our economic mathematics teaching process, we summed up the definite measures to integrate the mathematical model- ing thoughts into economic mathematics courses, putting forward an innovative teaching model of learning with practice in economic mathematics.%论文讨论了国内外经济数学教学的教育现状,指出了将数学建模思想融入经济数学主干课程教学内容的必要性,结合本校经济数学教学过程,总结了将数学建模思想融入经济数学主干课程主要内容的具体措施,提出了创新性的经济数学“学用结合”的教育模式。

  12. TEACHERS WHO TEACH MATHEMATICS IN ADULT EDUCATION: CONCEPTS AND TEACHING PRACTICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Thees

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This work represents a subset of a Masters’ research, which investigated how the pedagogical and non-pedagogical professional practices of mathematics teachers who teach in adult education are developed. In this paper we present the curricular management practices, tasks and materials, communication and evaluation. Through a case study of the daily activities of three math teachers who teach young people and adults, a qualitative research was developed, whose investigative tools were field observations, semi-structured interviews and questionnaires. Our study indicated that curriculum management practices are determined by a straightforward exposition teaching style, based on problem solving. Regarding the proposed tasks, teachers do not resort to learning materials other than blackboard and chalk, and rarely use the textbook. Communication in the classroom is univocal, sometimes supplemented by inadequate metaphors, especially in the teaching of algebra. The practices of student evaluation are predominantly focused on the summative function.

  13. Teaching Practice Supported by Technology Use

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Helle Bækkelund

    2006-01-01

    The article deals with e-competence on the individual level by examining the use of web sites by individual university faculty. E-competence is here regarded as the actual use of web sites in on-campus teaching, where the relation between the individual faculty’s conception of teaching and learning...... and the design and use of web sites is viewed as corresponding. It is the hypothesis of the research underlying this article that the design and use of a web site reflects the intentions and beliefs of the university teacher. As a result of this relation it should be possible to explore and analyse conceptions...

  14. 工业设计模型制作课程实践教学方法刍议%Discussionon the Practice Teaching Methods of Industrial Design Model Making Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡俊; 裴雪梅

    2012-01-01

    随着教育改革的深入,学生专业技能培养得到社会广泛的关注,教学模式的探讨也成为热点。模型制作作为工业设计专业的一门具有较强实践性的专业基础课程,在整个实践课程体系中占有重要地位。依据专业办学特色和实践课程体系教学改革,建立丰富的课程特色实践环节,同时使学生能够熟练掌握模型制作技能,完成多种材料的产品模型制作,增强学生的专业水平和专业性,提高就业竞争力,从而为国家培养出设计类专业人才。%With the deepening of education reform,the students' professional skills training to widespread concern,the teaching model of a hot spot.Model-making as an industrial design with a strong practical foundation courses,occupies an important position in the curriculum system in the entire practice.Based on the professional characteristics and the practice curriculum system,teaching reform,the course features Practice,at the same time to enable students to master model-making skills,to complete a variety of materials,product modeling,to enhance students' professional standards and professional,to improve the competition for jobs force,which has trained professionals to design class.

  15. An Integrated Teaching Model in College English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石洁

    2013-01-01

    The traditional situation of English translation teaching in vocational colleges is far from satisfied. In this thesis, the writer is determined to make an apparent comparison between Grammar Translation Teaching and Communicative Approach. And then the author recommends an integrated teaching model to combine the two approaches together so as to improve the present situation as well as to enhance the students’competence on translation.

  16. Bridging Physics and Biology Teaching through Modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Hoskinson, Anne-Marie; Zwickl, Benjamin M; Hinko, Kathleen; Caballero, Marcos D

    2013-01-01

    As the frontiers of biology become increasingly interdisciplinary, the physics education community has engaged in ongoing efforts to make physics classes more relevant to life sciences majors. These efforts are complicated by the many apparent differences between these fields, including the types of systems that each studies, the behavior of those systems, the kinds of measurements that each makes, and the role of mathematics in each field. Nonetheless, physics and biology are both fundamental sciences that rely on observations and measurements to construct models of the natural world. In the present theoretical article, we propose that efforts to bridge the teaching of these two disciplines must emphasize shared scientific practices, particularly scientific modeling. We define modeling using language common to both disciplines and highlight how an understanding of the modeling process can help reconcile apparent differences between physics and biology. We elaborate how models can be used for explanatory, pre...

  17. 信息技术与教学过程深度融合的实践探索--深圳广播电视大学教学模式改革%Exploration and Practice on Deep Integration of IT and Teaching Process-Shenzhen Open University Reform and Practice on Teaching Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊锟; 张朝霞

    2013-01-01

    开放大学建设过程中,终身教育理念普及。借助日新月异的信息技术,在充分保证教学质量的基础上,为学习者提供多次选择机会,满足个人多样化的学习和发展需要,是开放教育可持续发展的基础。深圳电大在近几年教学模式改革实践中,依托信息技术,提出面授与网上教学一体化设计模式,加强教学过程各环节的管理与监控,有效地解决了学习者需求多样化的问题。%The concept of lifelong education is becoming increasingly prevalent in the construction process of Open University.With the help of information technology, we can provide multiple choices for learners to meet the needs of diverse individual learning and personal development on the base of high quality teaching. That is the the foundation of sustainable development of open education, in recent years, relying on information technology, Shenzhen Open University has effectively solved the problem of the diverse needs of learners with the integrated design model of face-to-face and online tuition, the management and control of each link of teaching process in the teaching reform practice.

  18. Mapping Mathematics Classroom Discourse and Its Implications for Models of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truxaw, Mary P.; DeFranco, Thomas C.

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on models of teaching that developed as outgrowths of a study of middle-grades mathematics classes. Three specific cases are highlighted that represent deductive (associated with univocal), inductive (associated with dialogic), and mixed (a hybrid of deductive and inductive) models of teaching. Teaching practices associated…

  19. 互动式教学在“职业生涯规划”课程教学实践中的应用%Exploratory Practice of Mutual-Teaching Model on Course of Career Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢红梅; 林芝

    2014-01-01

    In the beginning of setting up the “career planning” course in Zhejiang University, the mutual-teaching model has been adopted as the primary teaching method. The curriculum design based on social interaction theory is well developed and has obtained commonly recognition and the approval of students. Sharing key points with instructor who played the roles as designer, organizer and mentor during interactive process can promote general curriculum’ teaching by mutual-teaching methods in colleges and provide valuable cases. 8 years’ teaching practice indicates that small interactive groups make study enjoyable and educational and play an important role in mutual encouragement and inspiration, meaningful construction of curriculum’s core idea initiate students’ continuous effort to realize their goals and the teaching objectives. The important ways to improve the teaching quality include learning while teaching, timely summary, mutual discussion and cooperation with team members.%浙江大学的“职业生涯规划”课程从2006年开设之初,就将互动式教学定位为该课程的主要教学模式。以社会互动理论为基础进行的教学设计得到了广大选课学生的普遍认可与好评。对教师作为具体教学互动环节的策划者、组织者和指导者所需要掌握的教学关键点的分享,为互动式教学模式在高校通识课教学中的广泛应用提供了可资借鉴的教学案例。8年的教学实践结果表明,寓教于乐的互动环节较好地起到了相互启发和相互激励的作用,对课程核心理念的意义建构所促成的行动力量实现了课程的教学目标。教学相长、定期总结、集思广益、团结协作是提高课程教学质量的重要途径。

  20. 互动式教学在“职业生涯规划”课程教学实践中的应用%Exploratory Practice of Mutual-Teaching Model on Course of Career Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢红梅; 林芝

    2014-01-01

    In the beginning of setting up the“career planning”course in Zhejiang University, the mutual-teaching model has been adopted as the primary teaching method. The curriculum design based on social interaction theory is well developed and has obtained commonly recognition and the approval of students. Sharing key points with instructor who played the roles as designer, organizer and mentor during interactive process can promote general curriculum’ teaching by mutual-teaching methods in colleges and provide valuable cases. 8 years’ teaching practice indicates that small interactive groups make study enjoyable and educational and play an important role in mutual encouragement and inspiration, meaningful construction of curriculum’s core idea initiate students’ continuous effort to realize their goals and the teaching objectives. The important ways to improve the teaching quality include learning while teaching, timely summary, mutual discussion and cooperation with team members.%浙江大学的“职业生涯规划”课程从2006年开设之初,就将互动式教学定位为该课程的主要教学模式。以社会互动理论为基础进行的教学设计得到了广大选课学生的普遍认可与好评。对教师作为具体教学互动环节的策划者、组织者和指导者所需要掌握的教学关键点的分享,为互动式教学模式在高校通识课教学中的广泛应用提供了可资借鉴的教学案例。8年的教学实践结果表明,寓教于乐的互动环节较好地起到了相互启发和相互激励的作用,对课程核心理念的意义建构所促成的行动力量实现了课程的教学目标。教学相长、定期总结、集思广益、团结协作是提高课程教学质量的重要途径。

  1. Toddler Teachers' Use of "Teaching Pyramid" Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branson, Diane; Demchak, MaryAnn

    2011-01-01

    Effective strategies to promote social-emotional development and prevent occurrence of challenging behaviors in young children is critical. The "Teaching Pyramid", a framework for supporting social-emotional development and preventing and addressing challenging behaviors, was developed for preschool children. This mixed methods study investigated…

  2. Toddler Teachers' Use of "Teaching Pyramid" Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branson, Diane; Demchak, MaryAnn

    2011-01-01

    Effective strategies to promote social-emotional development and prevent occurrence of challenging behaviors in young children is critical. The "Teaching Pyramid", a framework for supporting social-emotional development and preventing and addressing challenging behaviors, was developed for preschool children. This mixed methods study…

  3. Teaching Additional Languages. Educational Practices Series 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judd, Elliot L.; Tan, Lihua; Walberg, Herbert J.

    This booklet describes key principles of and research on teaching additional languages. The 10 chapters focus on the following: (1) "Comprehensible Input" (learners need exposure to meaningful, understandable language); (2) "Language Opportunities" (classroom activities should let students use natural and meaningful language with their…

  4. Research into Practice: Grammar Learning and Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen-Freeman, Diane

    2015-01-01

    This selective review of the second language acquisition and applied linguistics research literature on grammar learning and teaching falls into three categories: where research has had little impact (the non-interface position), modest impact (form-focused instruction), and where it potentially can have a large impact (reconceiving grammar).…

  5. Research into Practice: Grammar Learning and Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen-Freeman, Diane

    2015-01-01

    This selective review of the second language acquisition and applied linguistics research literature on grammar learning and teaching falls into three categories: where research has had little impact (the non-interface position), modest impact (form-focused instruction), and where it potentially can have a large impact (reconceiving grammar).…

  6. Procedures for study of teaching practices. Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez-Rizo, Felipe

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Interest in studying teaching practices has increased, because of the need to evaluate teachers and dissatisfaction with the usual ways of doing it. Recent approaches with Value-Added Models, based on students’ results on achievement tests do not seem satisfactory. The article is based on a review of literature and classifies the approaches to practices in three groups: instruments based on information given by teachers; observation protocols; and approaches based on the analysis of products of the practices. Specific tools are described and advantages and disadvantages of the three approaches are discussed. El interés por las prácticas docentes ha aumentado, en parte por la necesidad de evaluar a los maestros y la insatisfacción con las formas usuales de hacerlo. Los enfoques basados en Modelos de Valor Agregado según resultados de los alumnos en pruebas estandarizadas tampoco satisfacen. Con base en la literatura analizada se clasifican los acercamientos a las prácticas en tres grupos: instrumentos basados en información dada por los maestros mismos, protocolos de observación y acercamientos basados en análisis de productos de las prácticas. Se describen herramientas particulares y se discuten ventajas y desventajas de los tres tipos de acercamiento.

  7. Teaching groundwater dynamics: connecting classroom to practical and field classes

    OpenAIRE

    Hakoun, V.; N. Mazzilli; Pistre, S.; H. Jourde

    2013-01-01

    Preparing future hydrogeologists to provide inputs in societal discussions in a changing world is a challenging task that induces a need for efficient teaching frameworks. The educational literature suggests that hydrogeology courses should consistently integrate classroom instruction with practical and field classes. However, most teaching examples still separate these three class components. This paper presents an introductory course to groundwater dynamics taught at the Université des Scie...

  8. Development and reform research of English teaching theory and practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jie Guo

    2015-01-01

    The course is the core of education, which is the basic way to achieve educational goals, an educational content and value orientation are mainly expressed and implemented through the curriculum. English courses are the core of English education, which is a concrete manifestation of the value of English education, and it is basic carrier to achieve the goal of English education. This paper analyzes the development of English teaching practice, development and reform of English teaching methods.

  9. Achieving the Impossible? Teaching Practice Component of a Pre-Service Distance English Language Teacher Training Program in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kecik, Ilknur; Aydin, Belgin

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this article is to describe the model developed for the teaching practice component of the pre-service Distance English Language Teacher Training Program (DELTT) at Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey. The steps taken to improve the model over a six-year period will be explained and the recent developments in the teaching practice…

  10. 运用联系法进行C语言教学%Practice of Teaching Model of Correlation in C Language Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙爱军

    2012-01-01

      With the features of complex in content and flexible in use, C language curriculum is very hard to beginners. Ac⁃cording to the relation between the contents,the key points of C language curriculum can be integrated as follows: data types, algorithm, function, file and other aspects. And the teaching model of vertical and horizontal correlation of knowledge is ap⁃plied to guide students to form a proper way of thinking and learning, and to help the students to build the knowledge struc⁃ture,which promoted the students ability and improved the C language teaching effect.%  C语言具有内容复杂、使用灵活等特点,给初学者学习带来困难。根据知识点间的联系,C语言课程的主要内容可整合为数据类型、算法、函数、文件及其他等几大部分,教学中运用纵横联系法,可引导学生形成正确的思维方式和学习方法,帮助学生建立课程知识体系。这一方法的运用,提升了学生的综合能力,提高了C语言教学效果。

  11. The Reform and Practice of Bilingual Teaching in Computer Courses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU ping; LI Tao-shen; QIN Liang-xi; SONE Ling; LIU Zhi-bin

    2007-01-01

    Since China has joined the WTO and the speed of globalization in our country. The professionals with both up to date technological knowledge and good English are needed urgently. It has been shown that bilingual teaching in IT fields is effect ways of cultivating IT professionals. In this paper, the necessity of bilingual teaching in IT fields is discussed and some of the methods in our practices are also introduced. The satisfactory results of the bilingual teaching in computer courses at our school have been obtained.

  12. Models in physics teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kneubil, Fabiana Botelho

    2016-01-01

    In this work we show an approach based on models, for an usual subject in an introductory physics course, in order to foster discussions on the nature of physical knowledge. The introduction of elements of the nature of knowledge in physics lessons has been emphasised by many educators and one uses...... the case of metals to show the theoretical and phenomenological dimensions of physics. The discussion is made by means of four questions whose answers cannot be reached neither for theoretical elements nor experimental measurements. Between these two dimensions it is necessary to realise a series...... of reasoning steps to deepen the comprehension of microscopic concepts, such as electrical resistivity, drift velocity and free electrons. When this approach is highlighted, beyond the physical content, aspects of its nature become explicit and may improve the structuring of knowledge for learners...

  13. Practice and Thinking of Teaching Model of Integrating “Teaching, Learning and Training” in the Criminal Enforcement Major%“教学训”一体化教学模式在刑事执行专业的实践与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳琳琳

    2011-01-01

    “教学训”一体化教学模式能够结合现代高职教育的人才培养目标,适应高职教育的特点.充分体现以学生为主体的先进教育理念,理论教学与实践教学有机结合,有利于培养学生的实践动手能力和创新能力.就刑事执行专业而言,只有结合专业特点,合理运用“教学训”一体化的教学模式,才能有利于培养学生进行罪犯劳动管理、罪犯教育等具体工作能力,为学生日后从事监所工作打下坚实的基础.%Teaching model of integrating "teaching, learning and training" can combine with the talent training goal of modern teaching vocational education and adapt to the characteristics of vocational education. It can fully reflect the student-oriented advanced educational philosophy, combine theory and practice teaching, help to develop the students' practice hands-on skills and innovation ability. For the criminal enforcement major, only to combine with professional features and reasonably use the teaching model of integrating "teaching, learning and training", can we help students develop their specific ability to work, such as criminals labor management, criminals education and others to lay the prison basis for students' in the future.

  14. Discourses and Practices in Teaching Methods and Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Gopinath

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Translating the purposes of education into practice is particularly challenging for those who are new or have recently entered academia. By reflecting on my first years of teaching in higher education, I discuss two key aspects of my teaching practice: shifts in choice of teaching methods and a critique of different forms of assessment. Through the discussion, I argue that a teacher needs to be reflective on both these aspects and that such reflection needs to be carried out so that the student develops into a “self-directing,” “self-monitoring,” and “self-correcting” individual. At the end of the discussion, the relevance of a “project-based learning” approach starts to become significant in taking my pedagogical practice forward.

  15. Key Elements of Effective Teaching in the Direct Teaching Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruning, Roger H.

    Summaries and outlines are presented of key elements in effective teaching identified in research studies by Kounin (1970), Brophy (1973), Brophy and Evertson (1976), Stallings (1974; l975), Berliner (1979), and Good and Grouws (1979). These elements are synthesized in a direct teaching model that delineates the characteristics of effective…

  16. Models-Based Practice: Great White Hope or White Elephant?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Ashley

    2014-01-01

    Background: Many critical curriculum theorists in physical education have advocated a model- or models-based approach to teaching in the subject. This paper explores the literature base around models-based practice (MBP) and asks if this multi-models approach to curriculum planning has the potential to be the great white hope of pedagogical change…

  17. Models-Based Practice: Great White Hope or White Elephant?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Ashley

    2014-01-01

    Background: Many critical curriculum theorists in physical education have advocated a model- or models-based approach to teaching in the subject. This paper explores the literature base around models-based practice (MBP) and asks if this multi-models approach to curriculum planning has the potential to be the great white hope of pedagogical change…

  18. The portfolio in the teaching practice in primary education degree

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Mª Rico Martín

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper takes as a starting point the description and study of the main characteristics of the portfolio as a tool for learning and formative assessment, to expose the relevance of this technique in the Teaching Practice module in the degree in Primary Education. As an argument for the use of portfolio a proposal for the development, implementation and assessment of it is presented. This proposal will be taken by future teachers during their teaching practice period in Primary education classroom.

  19. Teaching Service Modelling to a Mixed Class: An Integrated Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Jeremiah D.; Purvis, Martin K.

    2015-01-01

    Service modelling has become an increasingly important area in today's telecommunications and information systems practice. We have adapted a Network Design course in order to teach service modelling to a mixed class of both the telecommunication engineering and information systems backgrounds. An integrated approach engaging mathematics teaching…

  20. Talents Unlimited: An Inservice Education Model for Teaching Thinking Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlichter, Carol

    1986-01-01

    The Talents Unlimited Project is a research-based inservice model employing the multiple talent approach to teach creative and critical thinking skills. Major training activities include: theory and/or strategy presentation; skill modeling; practice in simulated and classroom settings; performance feedback; and coaching on skills application.…

  1. Construction and practice of psychological sitcom teaching model in Psychiatric Nursing%“精神科护理学”心理情景剧教学模式的构建与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈玮

    2014-01-01

    目的 构建心理情景剧教学理论模式并探讨在应用于“精神科护理学”中的教学效果.方法 采用文献分析法、理论研究法、临床实践与经验总结法,初步构建包括4个内容(教学目标、教学模块、教学过程、教学基本程序)和4个环节(前期策划、剧情表演、课堂观摩与分享交流、撰写心得体会与知识内化)的“精神科护理学”心理情景剧教学理论模式.应用此教学模式对2012级护理本科专业学生192名进行教学,课程结束后发放问卷调查学生对此种教学模式的评价.结果 调查显示99.0%的学生“喜欢这种教学方法”,97.9%以上的学生认为此教学模式有助于“理论知识能力”、“领导决策能力”、“护患沟通能力”和“心理护理能力”4个方面综合素质培养的提高.结论 心理情景剧教学模式提高了护理专业学生学习“精神科护理学”的效果,值得推广.%Objective To construct psychological sitcom teaching model and explore the effect of its application in Psychiatric Nursing teaching.Methods Through literature review,study of the theories,summary of clinical practice and educational experience,we constructed a theoretical framework of psychological sitcom teaching model for Psychiatric Nursing.This model is composed of four contents (teaching aim,teaching modules,teaching process,teaching basic program) and four sessions (initial calculation,acting scripts,classroom observation and sharing,writing experience and internalization of knowledge).A total of 192 nursing students of grade 2012 from the nursing department were selected as the research objects.At the end of the course,questionnaires were employed to evaluate the effects of the students.Results The questionnaires demonstrated that 99.0% students"prefer this teaching model" and more than 97.9% students considered it helpful to improve four aspects of comprehensive abilities including "theoretical

  2. [Improvement of genetics teaching using literature-based learning model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Liang; Shiqian, Liang; Hongyan, Qin; Yong, Ji; Hua, Han

    2015-06-01

    Genetics is one of the most important courses for undergraduate students majoring in life science. In recent years, new knowledge and technologies are continually updated with deeper understanding of life science. However, the teaching model of genetics is still based on theoretical instruction, which makes the abstract principles hard to understand by students and directly affects the teaching effect. Thus, exploring a new teaching model is necessary. We have carried out a new teaching model, literature-based learning, in the course on Microbial Genetics for undergraduate students majoring in biotechnology since 2010. Here we comprehensively analyzed the implementation and application value of this model including pre-course knowledge, how to choose professional literature, how to organize teaching process and the significance of developing this new teaching model for students and teachers. Our literature-based learning model reflects the combination of "cutting-edge" and "classic" and makes book knowledge easy to understand, which improves students' learning effect, stimulates their interests, expands their perspectives and develops their ability. This practice provides novel insight into exploring new teaching model of genetics and cultivating medical talents capable of doing both basic and clinical research in the "precision medicine" era.

  3. Teaching to Transform? Addressing Race and Racism in the Teaching of Clinical Social Work Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varghese, Rani

    2016-01-01

    Faculty members are key stakeholders to support social work students' learning about race and racism in practice and to promote the professional standards established by the field. This qualitative study examines how 15 clinical social work faculty members teaching advanced practice in the Northeast conceptualize and incorporate their…

  4. Aspirational Model Teaching Criteria for Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, Aaron S.; Boysen, Guy A.; Gurung, Regan A. R.; Tazeau, Yvette N.; Meyers, Steven A.; Sciutto, Mark J.

    2014-01-01

    In 2011, the Society for the Teaching of Psychology commissioned a presidential task force to document teaching criteria for model psychology teachers in undergraduate education. The resulting list of criteria reflects activities related to face-to-face course interaction and online teaching, training, and education; course design; implementation…

  5. Construction of an Integrated Translation Teaching Model Based on Translation Practice Platform%基于翻译实训平台的笔译综合教学模式构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷燕; 严红艳

    2015-01-01

    以计算机网络为平台进行翻译服务作业已成为数字化时代笔译职业译员的主要工作模式,为了适应翻译职业化时代的挑战,通过在笔译教学中融入网络翻译实训平台,在线下立足于“多元视角”展开课堂教学,在线上立足于提升翻译能力展开实训活动,构建一种笔译综合教学模式。实验结果显示,这种线下线上混合式笔译教学模式有助于提高学生的学习自主性,增强学生的协作能力和笔译潜能。%The application of computer networks as a platform for their translation and translation service has become the main work pattern of translation professionals in the digital age.In order to meet the challenges of an era of professional translation, this proposed innovative translation teaching model, through utilizing the translation practice platform, integrates both the off -line classroom teaching and the on-line student translator training, the former of which bases its teaching on“multiple perspectives” , while the latter on cultivating translator competence.The results of its implementation show that this blended on-line and off-line translation teaching model is conducive to the development of learner autonomy, students’ collaborative competence and potentials for bilingual translation.

  6. Teaching as practice: Blending the intellectual and moral in pursuit of science teachers' practical knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salloum, Sara Labib

    This study aimed to (a) explore and understand the intricacy of science teaching as a morally committed practice engaging teachers' practical knowledge; (b) explore science teacher practical knowledge by probing and understanding teachers' interpretations, commitments, and dialectic interactions between them; and (c) scrutinize science teachers' actions in terms of their interpretations and commitments as they go about realizing 'internal goods' of their practice and resolving dilemmas of everyday science teaching practice. Case studies of three physical science teachers in different socioeconomic contexts in Lebanon were conducted using ethnographic methods of indepth dialogues, observation, and artifact analysis. An interpretive approach to data analysis was adopted to ensure that the generated themes and assertions reflected participant teachers' interpretation and commitments. A commitment of preparing students for the official exams and doing well in them prevailed across the three contexts. This commitment originated from the teachers' interpretations of their duty as 'good' teachers who will not let students and the school down. In the public schools, teachers saw that students' passing the Brevet exams gains them a right of passage to a safe zone. In the private school, the teacher saw her duty to have student attain high grades in preparation for their future educational and career plans. Each teacher's case was described in terms of a teacher's standing commitments, associated interpretations, and manifestations in action. A characterization for each teacher's practice was offered in light of interactions between commitments, interpretations and actions. Characterizations that emerged included: a disciplining governess, role model with missionary tendencies, and good employee with a mission. The concept of gap-closing (between interpretations and commitments) was used to explain development of teachers' practical knowledge. Nature of gap closing and its

  7. Discussion about the Operating Mechanism of Ideological and Political Theory Course"Menu"Practice Teaching Model in University%高校思政课“菜单式”实践教学模式的运行机制探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关秀献

    2014-01-01

    The substance of ideological and political course"menu"practice teaching model is student centered.Its principle is learning by interest and teach students in accordance with their interest.The operating mechanism of ideological and political course"Menu"practice teaching model achieve the dialectical unity between the theoretical teaching and practical teaching,be-tween outside-school practice and inside,between practice subj ects ,and between ideological and political course practice and professional practice.%“菜单式”实践教学模式的主旨是以学生为本,遵循“依兴趣定学,因兴趣施教”原则,其运行机制实现了理论教学与实践教学、校外实践与校内实践、实践主体之间、思政课实践与专业实践的辩证统一。

  8. Instant e-Teaching Framework Model for Live Online Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhailan Safei

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Instant e-Teaching is a new concept that supplements e-Teaching and e-Learning environment in providing a full and comprehensive modern education styles. The e-Learning technology depicts the concept of enabling self-learning among students on a certain subject using online reference and materials. While the instant e-teaching requires 'face-to-face' characteristic between teacher and student to simultaneously execute actions and gain instant responses. The word instant enhances the e-Teaching with the concept of real time teaching. The challenge to exercise online and instant teaching is not just merely relying on the technologies and system efficiency, but it needs to satisfy the usability and friendliness of the system as to replicate the traditional class environment during the deliveries of the class. For this purpose, an instant e-Teaching framework is been developed that will emulate a dedicated virtual classroom, and primarily designed for synchronous and live sharing of current teaching notes. The model has been demonstrated using a teaching Arabic recitation prototype and evaluated from the professional user profession's perspectives.

  9. Foundation observation of teaching project--a developmental model of peer observation of teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattison, Andrew Timothy; Sherwood, Morgan; Lumsden, Colin James; Gale, Alison; Markides, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Peer observation of teaching is important in the development of educators. The foundation curriculum specifies teaching competencies that must be attained. We created a developmental model of peer observation of teaching to help our foundation doctors achieve these competencies and develop as educators. A process for peer observation was created based on key features of faculty development. The project consisted of a pre-observation meeting, the observation, a post-observation debrief, writing of reflective reports and group feedback sessions. The project was evaluated by completion of questionnaires and focus groups held with both foundation doctors and the students they taught to achieve triangulation. Twenty-one foundation doctors took part. All completed reflective reports on their teaching. Participants described the process as useful in their development as educators, citing specific examples of changes to their teaching practice. Medical students rated the sessions as better or much better quality as their usual teaching. The study highlights the benefits of the project to individual foundation doctors, undergraduate medical students and faculty. It acknowledges potential anxieties involved in having teaching observed. A structured programme of observation of teaching can deliver specific teaching competencies required by foundation doctors and provides additional benefits.

  10. “外贸英语函电”教学模式:基于速卖通创业实践%"Business English Correspondence" Teaching Model Based on AliExpress Entrepreneurial Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽

    2016-01-01

    Business English correspondence is one of the import-ant tools to carry out foreign trade business and business-related activities. Aiming at the disjointed Business Correspondence Teaching with English Language Teaching and Professional Skills Training, this paper explores how to combine with the need of the society, how to reform teaching models, and how to develop students' entrepreneur capacity, putting forward the idea of incorporating AliExpress entrepreneurial activities into classes to strengthen practice.%外贸英语函电是开展国际贸易业务和涉外商务活动的重要工具之一。针对当下外贸英语函电教学存在英语语言教学与专业技能培养严重的脱钩问题,文章将对该课程教学如何结合社会需求,如何改革教学模式,如何培养学生创业能力进行一些探究和思索,提出通过将速卖通创业实践有机地融入课堂,以加强教学中的实践。

  11. Business practice as a teaching method university

    OpenAIRE

    Edgar Agudelo López; Yeisson Tamayo Salamanca

    2015-01-01

    While the theory may constitute an important starting point, which gives a general culture specific to the student, the fact is that it must acquire the skills, techniques, skills and analysis to specific situations, and business practice, is one of the most important means to acquire these skills, which will allow in the future, to operate with safety and appropriateness in their field. According to their professional development will be evaluated by their practical skills, should be borne i...

  12. Pre-Service Teachers' Views of Inquiry Teaching and Their Responses to Teacher Educators' Feedback on Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Hye-Gyoung; Kim, Mijung; Kim, Byoung Sug; Joung, Yong Jae; Park, Young-Shin

    2013-01-01

    This study attempted to explore 15 Korean elementary pre-service teachers' views of inquiry teaching. During a science teaching methods course, pre-service teachers implemented a peer teaching lesson, had a group discussion to reflect on five teacher educators' comments on their first peer teaching practice, and revised and re-taught the lesson as…

  13. Telepresence as educational practice in the third teaching-room

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levinsen, Karin Ellen Tweddell; Ørngreen, Rikke; Buhl, Mie

    2017-01-01

    Due to globalization and technological development, Video Conferencing becomes a common practice worldwide. The research literature reports that participants feel either immediately comfortable or frustrated depending on if the technology works. Today educational institutions rely heavily...... on digital resources, and challenges that impact on the participants’ experience of closeness and the students learning outcome begin to emerge. However, there are only few in-depth studies of pedagogy and teaching practices in video mediated learning spaces. In this paper we present findings from a research...... and development project at the Royal Danish Music Academy and introduce the concept the third teaching-room, while investigating the mutual experience of togetherness. The study aims at advanced music education but as a case study it is exemplary for the challenges regarding video conference-based teaching...

  14. Constructing Teaching Model for Training English Guides of Stone In-scription Relics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧

    2016-01-01

    A teaching model based on constructivism is proposed in this paper. The model contains five teaching steps, e.g. inter-pretation teaching, questioning-dialogue, knowledge and skills teaching, discussion-collaboration and field training. Practice proves that it can effectively improve the training efficiency of the training of English guides of stone inscription relics and en-hance their interpretation quality and English skills.

  15. Best teaching practices in anatomy education: A critical review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estai, Mohamed; Bunt, Stuart

    2016-11-01

    In this report we review the range of teaching resources and strategies used in anatomy education with the aim of coming up with suggestions about the best teaching practices in this area. There is much debate about suitable methods of delivering anatomical knowledge. Competent clinicians, particularly surgeons, need a deep understanding of anatomy for safe clinical procedures. However, because students have had very limited exposure to anatomy during clinical training, there is a concern that medical students are ill-prepared in anatomy when entering clerkships and residency programs. Therefore, developing effective modalities for teaching anatomy is essential to safe medical practice. Cadaver-based instruction has survived as the main instructional tool for hundreds of years, however, there are differing views on whether full cadaver dissection is still appropriate for a modern undergraduate training. The limitations on curricular time, trained anatomy faculty and resources for gross anatomy courses in integrated or/and system-based curricula, have led many medical schools to abandon costly and time-consuming dissection-based instruction in favour of alternative methods of instruction including prosection, medical imaging, living anatomy and multimedia resources. To date, no single teaching tool has been found to meet curriculum requirements. The best way to teach modern anatomy is by combining multiple pedagogical resources to complement one another, students appear to learn more effectively when multimodal and system-based approaches are integrated. Our review suggests that certain professions would have more benefit from certain educational methods or strategies than others. Full body dissection would be best reserved for medical students, especially those with surgical career intentions, while teaching based on prosections and plastination is more suitable for dental, pharmacy and allied health science students. There is a need to direct future research

  16. Practical Theories of Teaching, Media, and Classroom Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, James D.

    This paper examines teachers' practical theories of teaching and ways in which individual teachers participate in a social solidarity, based on Richard Rorty's idea of solidarity as clinging to one's own ethnocentrism to understand differences between right and wrong, good and bad. Social solidarity is seen as holding people together, defining…

  17. English Language Teaching Curriculum in Iran: Planning and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atai, Mahmood Reza; Mazlum, Farhad

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigates English language teaching (ELT) curriculum planning in Iran's Ministry of Education and its implementation by teachers. We studied programme evaluation; needs analysis; the ELT-specific documents; communication channels between planning and practice levels; teacher evaluation and student assessment;…

  18. Reflective Teaching Practices in Turkish Primary School Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tok, Sukran; Dolapcioglu, Sevda Dogan

    2013-01-01

    The objective of the study is to explore the prevalence of reflective teaching practices among Turkish primary school teachers. Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used together in the study. The sample was composed of 328 primary school teachers working in 30 primary education institutions in the town of Antakya in the province of…

  19. English Language Learners: Effective Teaching Strategies, Practices for FCS Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allison, Barbara N.; Rehm, Marsha L.

    2011-01-01

    English language learners represent the fastest growing segment of the U.S. school-age population, raising the question of how best to teach this new and challenging group of students. The research and scholarly literature has identified a number of instructional strategies and classroom practices that have been shown to be effective in teaching…

  20. Teaching for Social Justice: From Conceptual Frameworks to Classroom Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dover, Alison G.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author presents the results of a multistate study examining how teachers, and specifically secondary English Language Arts (ELA) teachers, conceptualize and implement teaching for social justice in standards-based contexts. Additional analysis underscores how this practice both reflects and extends earlier equity-oriented…

  1. Teaching Teams about Teamwork: Preparation, Practice, and Performance Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Lisa Gueldenzoph

    2009-01-01

    Focusing on preparation, practice, and performance review to teach teams about teamwork provides a well-supported and effective methodology that both enhances students' collaborative skills and contributes to an effective team project experience. Preparation includes aspects of coaching to introduce and explain effective group processes. After…

  2. Observing Teaching Practice: Assessing Competence in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansell, Ray

    2013-01-01

    In this article, I draw on my experiences as a Teaching Practice Observer for various Colleges of Further Education and Adult Education establishments across South West England from 1994-2002. I discuss the essential lesson components that observers need to attend to when evaluating candidates. These include the candidate's diversity of teaching…

  3. English Language Learners: Effective Teaching Strategies, Practices for FCS Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allison, Barbara N.; Rehm, Marsha L.

    2011-01-01

    English language learners represent the fastest growing segment of the U.S. school-age population, raising the question of how best to teach this new and challenging group of students. The research and scholarly literature has identified a number of instructional strategies and classroom practices that have been shown to be effective in teaching…

  4. English Language Teaching Curriculum in Iran: Planning and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atai, Mahmood Reza; Mazlum, Farhad

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigates English language teaching (ELT) curriculum planning in Iran's Ministry of Education and its implementation by teachers. We studied programme evaluation; needs analysis; the ELT-specific documents; communication channels between planning and practice levels; teacher evaluation and student assessment; interpretation…

  5. Exploring Tensions between Teachers' Grammar Teaching Beliefs and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phipps, Simon; Borg, Simon

    2009-01-01

    This study examines tensions in the grammar teaching beliefs and practices of three practising teachers of English working in Turkey. The teachers were observed and interviewed over a period of 18 months; the observations provided insights into how they taught grammar, while the interviews explored the beliefs underpinning the teachers' classroom…

  6. Turkish Prospective English Teachers' Reflections on Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildiz, Mine; Geçikli, Merve; Yesilyurt, Savas

    2016-01-01

    This study is an attempt to present the reflections of prospective English teachers in Turkey on teaching practice over their experiences and perceptions. A mixed-method research design was conducted through the use of a questionnaire involving a 5-Likert scale and one open-ended question. The participants were 120 senior students at ELT…

  7. Teaching Practices and Pedagogical Innovations: Evidence from TALIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieluf, Svenja; Kaplan, David; Klieme, Eckhard; Bayer, Sonja

    2012-01-01

    Fortunately, teaching practices help shape the learning experiences and increase motivation and achievement for students. In addition, it has been revealed that when teachers collaborate well together they also tend to work better with students. This new informative publication clearly identifies and arranges profiles in relation to two connected…

  8. Mothers' Trust toward Teachers in Relation to Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Kikas, Eve; Pakarinen, Eija; Poikonen, Pirjo-Liisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which mothers' trust toward the classroom teacher of their child in first grade is related to observed teaching practices in Finland and Estonia. Sixty-six teachers (32 in Finland, 34 in Estonia) were observed using the Early Childhood Classroom Observation Measure (ECCOM; Stipek & Byler, 2004). Mothers in Finland…

  9. Mothers' Trust toward Teachers in Relation to Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Kikas, Eve; Pakarinen, Eija; Poikonen, Pirjo-Liisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which mothers' trust toward the classroom teacher of their child in first grade is related to observed teaching practices in Finland and Estonia. Sixty-six teachers (32 in Finland, 34 in Estonia) were observed using the Early Childhood Classroom Observation Measure (ECCOM; Stipek & Byler, 2004). Mothers in…

  10. Transforming Teaching and Learning: Embedding ICT into Everyday Classroom Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutherland, R.; Armstrong, V.; Barnes, S.; Brawn, R.; Breeze, N.; Gall, M.; Matthewman, S.; Olivero, F.; Taylor, A.; Triggs, P.; Wishart, J.; John, P.

    2004-01-01

    Drawing on socio-cultural theory, this paper describes how teams of teachers and researchers have developed ways of embedding information and communications technology (ICT) into everyday classroom practices to enhance learning. The focus is on teaching and learning across a range of subjects: English, history, geography, mathematics, modern…

  11. Patterns Characterising the Teaching and Learning Practices of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Patterns Characterising the Teaching and Learning Practices of Religious Education ... This was done with the intention to find different methods and approaches that can ... with learning difficulties in sciences, mathematics and commercial subjects. ... In this century Religious Studies should be committed to the open, plural, ...

  12. Celebrating Difference: Best Practices in Culturally Responsive Teaching Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodley, Xeturah; Hernandez, Cecilia; Parra, Julia; Negash, Beyan

    2017-01-01

    Culturally responsive teaching and design practices flip the online classroom by creating an environment that acknowledges, celebrates, and builds upon the cultural capital that learners and teachers bring to the online classroom. Challenges exist in all phases of online course design, including the ability to create online courses that reflect…

  13. Building Bridges from the Decoding Interview to Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettit, Jennifer; Rathburn, Melanie; Calvert, Victoria; Lexier, Roberta; Underwood, Margot; Gleeson, Judy; Dean, Yasmin

    2017-01-01

    This chapter describes a multidisciplinary faculty self-study about reciprocity in service-learning. The study began with each coauthor participating in a Decoding interview. We describe how Decoding combined with collaborative self-study had a positive impact on our teaching practice.

  14. Piloting a Co-Teaching Model for Mathematics Teacher Preparation: Learning to Teach Together

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yopp, Ruth Helen; Ellis, Mark W.; Bonsangue, Martin V.; Duarte, Thomas; Meza, Susanna

    2014-01-01

    This study offers insights from an initial pilot of a co-teaching model for mathematics teacher preparation developed both to support experienced teachers in shifting their practice toward the vision set forth by NCTM and the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (National Governors Association, 2010; NCTM, 2000, 2009) and to provide…

  15. 基于CDIO工程教育理念的化工原理实践教学改革探索%Exploration on the Reform of Chemical Engineering Practice Teaching Based on the CDIO Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵薇; 王建雅; 李凤华

    2012-01-01

    在化工原理实践教学中,存在内容设置不合理、与理论教学及工程实践严重脱节等问题。将CDIO工程教育理念引入教学环节,构建基于CDIO工程教育理念的实践教学体系,并提出开展课前认识实习、开设设计性实验课、加强实践课与理论课的联系、强化课程设计环节以及开放化工生产过程实训实施方案。%There are some deficiencies in chemical engineering practice teaching, such as the irrationality of curriculum content and alienation from theory teaching and engineering practice. By introducing CDIO engineering education concept into teaching, the practice teaching system is constructed based on CDIO. Implementation schemes of chemical engineering practice teaching are also proposed, that is, to recognize practice before class, have designing experimental course, strengthen the connection between practice and theory courses, reinforce curse design and open chemical production process practice.

  16. How to Improve Teaching Practices: The Role of Teacher Motivation, Organizational Factors, and Leadership Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoonen, Erik E. J.; Sleegers, Peter J. C.; Oort, Frans J.; Peetsma, Thea T. D.; Geijsel, Femke P.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Although it is expected that building schoolwide capacity for teacher learning will improve teaching practices, there is little systematic evidence to support this claim. This study aimed to examine the relative impact of transformational leadership practices, school organizational conditions, teacher motivational factors, and teacher…

  17. Enriching Practical Knowledge: Exploring Student Teachers' Competence in Integrating Theory and Practice of Mathematics Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oonk, Wil; Verloop, Nico; Gravemeijer, Koeno P. E.

    2015-01-01

    This study concentrated on the theory-practice problem in mathematics teacher education. We examined 13 student teachers' use of theory when they reflected on teaching practice in a class specifically designed to optimize the chance for theory use. We developed a Reflection Analysis Instrument with which the student teachers' use of theory could…

  18. Community Informatics Studio: Designing Experiential Learning to Support Teaching, Research, and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolske, Martin; Rhinesmith, Colin; Kumar, Beth

    2014-01-01

    This paper introduces a model of experiential learning to support teaching, research, and practice in library and information science (LIS). The concept we call "Community Informatics (CI) Studio" uses studio-based learning (SBL) to support enculturation into the field of CI. The SBL approach, closely related to John Dewey's…

  19. How to Reach and Teach English Language Learners: Practical Strategies to Ensure Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syrja, Rachel Carrillo

    2011-01-01

    This book provides practical strategies and tools for assessing and teaching even the most hard to reach English language learners across the content areas. Syrja offers educators the latest information on working with ELLs (including using formative assessments) and provides a wealth of classroom-tested models and measures. These tools have…

  20. Professional Development in Teaching and Learning for Early Career Academic Geographers: Contexts, Practices and Tensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vajoczki, Susan; Biegas, Tamara C.; Crenshaw, Melody; Healey, Ruth L.; Osayomi, Tolulope; Bradford, Michael; Monk, Janice

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides a review of the practices and tensions informing approaches to professional development for early career academic geographers who are teaching in higher education. We offer examples from Britain, Canada, Nigeria and the USA. The tensions include: institutional and departmental cultures; models that offer generic and…

  1. Teaching safe sex practices to psychiatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sladyk, K

    1990-03-01

    An occupational therapist presented her 45-minute program called AIDS Education and Safe Sex 5 times to female mental patients in the locked ward of Cedarcrest Regional Hospital in Newington, Connecticut, to inform them about safe-sex practices and AIDS. She first administered a pretest then spoke briefly about AIDS and safe-sex practices. The lecture emphasized various important points such as no cure for AIDS exist, casual contact (e.g., kiss on the cheek, handshake) cannot transmit HIV, and effectiveness of using latex condoms. The occupational therapist spent much of her time addressing myths about AIDS and what safe-sex practices are. The patients discussed sexual abuse and dishonest partners. She administered a posttest which was the same as the pretest. Some sessions attracted more people than did other sessions. Test scores increased for every patient and for every session. They ranged from a 5% (68-73%) increase for the 3rd session to a 24% (67-91%) increase for the last session. She was not able to determine, however, whether the increased knowledge would translate into positive behavioral changes. Patients' psychiatric symptoms may have interfered with learning resulting in less than ideal improvements in knowledge. These symptoms were hypomanic behavior, restlessness, and distractibility. Perhaps other sessions with experiential techniques (e.g., putting condoms on dummies) would increase their understanding. This program helps fill the information gap not provided by the mass media which avoid mentioning safe-sex practices.

  2. Teaching Strategy: Reflections on Professional Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruth, Damian

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores how strategic management concepts, especially the notion of 'wicked problems', can be useful in analysing the professional practice of teachers in higher education. The keeping of a dialogical journal with a colleague helped illuminate that strategic management and education have much in common. Both are situated in…

  3. Teaching Writing: A Multilayered Participatory Scaffolding Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dix, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    This article adds to the research on teachers' writing pedagogy. It reviews and challenges the research literature on scaffolding as an instructional practice and presents a more inclusive framework for analysis. As student participation and voice were absent from much of the literature, a participatory scaffolding framework was developed to…

  4. University Business Models and Online Practices: A Third Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Beth

    2013-01-01

    Higher Education is in a state of change, and the existing business models do not meet the needs of stakeholders. This article contrasts the current dominant business models of universities, comparing the traditional non-profit against the for-profit online model, examining the structural features and online teaching practices that underlie each.…

  5. University Business Models and Online Practices: A Third Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Beth

    2013-01-01

    Higher Education is in a state of change, and the existing business models do not meet the needs of stakeholders. This article contrasts the current dominant business models of universities, comparing the traditional non-profit against the for-profit online model, examining the structural features and online teaching practices that underlie each.…

  6. A Multidimensional/Non-Linear Teaching and Learning Model: Teaching and Learning Music in an Authentic and Holistic Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Renée

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the conceptual framework that leads to the design of a teaching and learning model as part of a recent ethnographic study that considered the effectiveness of current Victorian government secondary school music teaching and learning practices when engaged with technology. The philosophical and theoretical basis for this…

  7. Practicing What We Teach: Trauma-Informed Educational Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carello, Janice; Butler, Lisa D.

    2015-01-01

    This article presents the starting case for applying the elements of trauma-informed care (TIC) to education and outlines the authors' initial efforts to develop guidelines for what they call trauma-informed educational practice. To this end, the article starts with a literature review related to the potential for vicarious traumatization and…

  8. Practicing What We Teach: Trauma-Informed Educational Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carello, Janice; Butler, Lisa D.

    2015-01-01

    This article presents the starting case for applying the elements of trauma-informed care (TIC) to education and outlines the authors' initial efforts to develop guidelines for what they call trauma-informed educational practice. To this end, the article starts with a literature review related to the potential for vicarious traumatization and…

  9. QuickTime Virtual Reality Technology Applies to Practical Teaching Recording System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongyong Zhu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available QTVR is virtual reality technology which is based on static images and we apply it to practical teaching section. Through the practical teaching record system, virtual reality technology is applied to the whole journey of practical teaching. Give full play to the merits of strong sense of reality of the QTVR technology, good interactive performance, impressive immersive experience, convenience of produce and transmission, make seamless integration with the various present online teaching platforms, constitute comprehensive teaching material accumulation and resource utilization, uplift the quality of practical teaching, and promote students’ practical skills.

  10. Learning to teach: how a formal teaching qualification improved our practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipczynska, Sonya; Crowley, Clare

    2015-09-01

    In this article, guest writers Sonya Lipczynska and Clare Crowley from King's College London discuss the learning that occurred when they undertook a Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice in Higher Education (PGCAPHE). In particular, they identify how their exploration of relevant learning and teaching theory on the course helped them to evaluate their library instruction teaching practice with medical and dental students. They highlight how they made changes and improvements to the delivery of these sessions based on greater consideration of inclusivity and the characteristics of both individuals and broader student groups. They also discuss the successes of new teaching practices that they experimented with, and reflect on how they have developed as educators as a result of this. H.S.

  11. Rhizomes and plateaus: A study of digital communities of practice in University College English Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Rhizomes and plateaus: A study of digital communities of practice in University College English Teaching......Rhizomes and plateaus: A study of digital communities of practice in University College English Teaching...

  12. Maintaining capacity for in-practice teaching and supervision of students and general practice trainees: a cross-sectional study of early career general practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catzikiris, Nigel; Tapley, Amanda; Morgan, Simon; Holliday, Elizabeth G; Ball, Jean; Henderson, Kim; Elliott, Taryn; Spike, Neil; Regan, Cathy; Magin, Parker

    2017-08-10

    Objectives Expanding learner cohorts of medical students and general practitioner (GP) vocational trainees and the impending retirement of the 'baby boomer' GP cohort threaten the teaching and supervisory capacity of the Australian GP workforce. Engaging newly qualified GPs is essential to sustaining this workforce training capacity. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence and associations of in-practice clinical teaching and supervision in early career GPs.Methods The present study was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of recent (within 5 years) alumni of three of Australia's 17 regional general practice training programs. The outcome factor was whether the alumnus taught or supervised medical students, GP registrars or other learners in their current practice. Logistic regression analysis was used to establish associations of teaching and supervision with independent variables comprising alumnus demographics, current practice characteristics and vocational training experiences.Results In all, 230 alumni returned questionnaires (response rate 37.4%). Of currently practising alumni, 52.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 45.6-59.0%) reported current teaching or supervisory activities. Factors significantly (Pcareer GPs in practice-based apprenticeship-like teaching or training should inform strategies to maintain workforce training capacity.What is known about the topic? Projected changes in the demand for and supply of clinical teaching and supervision within Australian general practice will require greater uptake of teaching and supervision by recently qualified GPs to ensure sustainability of this teaching model. Although interest in and undertaking of teaching roles have been documented for GP or family medicine trainees, studies investigating the engagement in these clinical roles by GPs during their early post-training period are lacking.What does this paper add? This paper is the first to document the prevalence of teaching and

  13. PCK to practice: Two experienced high school chemistry teachers' pedagological content knowledge in their teaching practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boesdorfer, Sarah B.

    Pedagogical content knowledge has been defined by Magnusson, Krajcik, and Borko (1999) and others for the purpose of understanding science teachers' knowledge and teaching practice. It is hoped that by improving our understanding of science teachers' PCK, we can improve the education and practice of science teachers. Research describing all domains of a teacher's PCK and its use in the practice of teaching has not been well established. The purpose of this study is to understand how two experienced secondary chemistry teachers' PCK manifests itself in their daily teaching practice. For each teacher, observations, interviews, and class documents were utilized to provide a detailed description of the five domains for PCK as defined by Magnusson et al. Both teachers were well regarded in their schools, but one teacher's PCK was found to be significantly more consistent with our current understanding of science teaching and learning. Along with the comparisons of the two teachers' knowledge, this research found that the teachers' knowledge and their enacted knowledge did not always correspond---suggesting the importance of observations for understanding PCK's influence on teaching practices. In addition, this study supports the importance of clearly defining a teacher's orientation toward science teaching in understanding a teacher's PCK. Both teachers' orientations toward science teaching were found to greatly influence their knowledge and actions in the other PCK domains. Finally, this study suggests that a teacher's knowledge of science curriculum should not be defined only as the knowledge of goals and objectives because this narrow definition of curriculum does not allow a complete understanding of the teacher's knowledge nor how their knowledge affects their practice. These conclusions have implications for future research and teacher educators.

  14. Ostomy care: foundation for teaching and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turnbull, G B; Erwin-Toth, P

    1999-01-01

    Current approaches to ostomy management evolved from the extensive experience of surgeons, enterostomal therapy nurses, staff nurses, patients, and manufacturers. Advances in surgical techniques in the 1950's led to decreased morbidity and mortality previously associated with ostomy surgery. With these advances, a corresponding demand emerged to meet the rehabilitative needs of these patients by providing significant physical and psychological support. The birth of enterostomal therapy in 1958 focused interest, energy, and resources on this important area of patient care. Today's tradition-based practice continues to go a long way in meeting the physical and psychological needs of individuals undergoing ostomy surgery. However, in this era of managed care, shrinking healthcare dollars, and standardized guidelines, care practices not derived from evidence or consensus may jeopardize a patient's access to appropriate interventions and supplies. An exhaustive review of the literature revealed a paucity of ostomy-related research. The effectiveness of preoperative stoma site selection, prevention, care, and treatment of peristomal skin problems; and pouch selection and wearing times revealed a wealth of empirical evidence, but little or no objective data supporting commonly accepted interventions. The care of individuals with urinary and fecal diversions is both an art and a science. Evidence-based practice is needed to provide a firm foundation from which the art of individualized patient care can flourish. Research related to pre- and postoperative care and rehabilitation of individuals with ostomies can only serve to improve education, continuity of care, reimbursement, and most importantly, optimize patient care.

  15. Practical Teaching Programme Online: Overcoming Communication Issues (Learning from the Experience of PKPG Teaching Practice Website in UNIMAS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    NoorShah, Mohd Salleh

    2001-01-01

    Describes the use of a Web-based learning environment for practice teaching at the Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS). Topics include overcoming communication problems between student teachers and between students and instructors; participation rates; and the Program Khas Pensiswazahan Guru (PKPG) program, an inservice course for nongraduate…

  16. Teaching Competencies of Students Practice Teaching at Elementary Schools and Kindergartens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Fatimah

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to describe the teaching competencies of English Education students practising at elementary schools and kindergartens based on the teacher supervisors’ view. The teaching competencies include the students’ competence on writing the lesson plan and their competence on practice teaching. To reach the objectives of the study, the researcher collected the data by distributing a questionnaire to the supervisors at schools. There were 41 schools consisting of TK ABA, SD Muhammadiyah, SD Negeri located in Yogyakarta (24, Sleman (1 and Bantul (16. The questionnaire used was based on the official assessment form published by Indonesian government for teacher’s certification. It contains some indicators of teaching competence, it uses Likert scales ranging from 1 to 5. The criteria are as follows: 1 = very poor, 2 = poor, 3 = rather poor, 4 = good, and 5 = excellent. The data were taken from proportionally random sampling of the supervisors. From the total number of 103 teacher supervisors, the researcher distributed 61 questionnaires. The supervisors represented the ones from different educational backgrounds. The findings show the following results. The competence of English Education students in composing the lesson plan, according to the teacher supervisors, is classified good (actual mean = 3.858, SD = 0.685, ideal mean = 3, ideal SD = 0.750. Further, their competence on practice teaching is also good (actual mean = 3.867, SD = 0.688, ideal mean = 3, ideal SD = 0.966. The two aspects of composing the lesson plan to improve are teaching material organization and the completeness of assessment instrument. The other two aspects to improve in teaching practice are contextual teaching and learning and class management.

  17. The Teaching Artist: A Model for University Dance Teacher Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huddy, Avril; Stevens, Kym

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a teaching model, "The Teaching Artist", developed to address the pedagogical and cultural divide between the traditional dance teacher and the dance artist who teaches: traditionally, one teaching about dance and the other, teaching through dance. The "Teaching Artist" model was developed through the…

  18. BEST PRACTICES IN TEACHING LISTENING FOR YOUNG LEARNERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Nikmatul Rabbianty

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available English as an international language, in Indonesia, formally begins to teach since elementary school. Moreover nowadays, many people realize the importance of learning English as an international language. For, parents try to send their young learners into school that has an English subject in their curriculum or into English courses. Children who learn English at their early age is called young learners. In learning English, the young learners will learn the four language skills at least. They are; listening, speaking, reading and writing. This article is going to discuss about any best practices to teach listening, as the first skill acquired by the young learners, in a language classroom.

  19. Initial teaching of written language. From theory to practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María CLEMENTE LINUESA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available For decades the matter of teaching writing focused on a methodological issue, the assessment of the phonetic and global methods. Both approaches were based on the intuitions and practices of teachers and focused mainly on learning the writing system. Today we have available an important body of research-based theory that has contributed essential keys for positing a didactics of the written language with a sturdier foundation. Using contributions from different lines of theory, in this paper we present an integrated proposal for teaching writing.

  20. Principles and Practices for Teaching English as an International Language

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    Alsagoff, Lubna; Hu, Guangwei; Renandya, Willy A

    2012-01-01

    What general principles should inform a socioculturally sensitive pedagogy for teaching English as an International Language and what practices would be consistent with these principles? This text explores the pedagogical implications of the continuing spread of English and its role as an international language, highlighting the importance of socially sensitive pedagogy in contexts outside inner circle English-speaking countries. It provides comprehensive coverage of topics traditionally included in second language methodology courses (such as the teaching of oral skills and grammar), as well

  1. Creating scientists teaching and assessing science practice for the NGSS

    CERN Document Server

    Moore, Christopher

    2017-01-01

    Teach students to reason like scientists. This practical new book provides a clear framework for helping students develop scientific thinking so they are not just memorizing content but are becoming engaged in the real work scientists do. You'll learn how to teach students to analyse scientific testing, to understand if something caused something else, and to understand the value of evidence. The book offers ideas for lesson plans and assessments and also features reproducible tools and handouts that you can use in the classroom immediately.

  2. Using Open Educational Practices to Support Institutional Strategic Excellence in Teaching, Learning & Scholarship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Carey

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the integration of Open Educational Practices (OEP into an institutional strategy to develop distinctive excellence in teaching, learning and scholarship. The institution in the case study is a public polytechnic university serving a metropolitan area in Canada. If emerging Open Educational Practices are to flourish at our university, support for OEP must integrate with and contribute to our broader efforts to clarify and enhance our strategic position. We have identified three focal points where our institution can focus attention in order to ensure that our use of emerging Open Educational Practices will best align with, contribute to, and benefit from our institutional strategy for distinctive excellence in teaching and learning: - Opening up the pedagogy underlying exemplary OER, to enable a deeper faculty engagement in integrating and mobilizing diverse sources of knowledge in teaching;- Opening up that process by which individual faculty improve teaching and learning, as a model for our students’ own engagements with knowledge;- Opening up our collective faculty work in innovation networks, as a model for students and as a signature institutional strength and outcome. We summarize the rationale and planned next steps for each of these focal points, which are intended to cumulatively build on each other as a value chain to support the development of distinctive graduate capabilities as signature outcomes of our teaching and learning. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.7.2.201

  3. Does Teaching Practice Effectively Prepare Student-Teachers to Teach Creative and Performing Arts? The Case of Botswana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mannathoko, Magdeline C.

    2013-01-01

    Teacher Education involves the policies and procedures designed to equip teachers with the knowledge and skills they require to teach effectively. Teaching practice (TP) is an integral part in teacher education because it allows student-teachers to apply the theories into practice. Effective preparation of student-teachers in practical subjects…

  4. Teacher Application and Enactment of Models of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allphin, Danielle M.

    2011-01-01

    This study sought to identify factors that influence teacher decisions about pedagogy based on curriculum content and skills and the degree to which teachers transfer pedagogical content knowledge to practice, specifically through the use of various models of teaching. A purposeful sample included 14 elementary teachers from highly diverse, urban…

  5. A Descriptive Case Analysis of Instructional Teaching Practices in Finnish Preschool Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salminen, Jenni; Hannikainen, Maritta; Poikonen, Pirjo-Liisa; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the diversity of teaching practices to illuminate the qualitative variety of instructional teaching practices among preschool teachers. Further, teachers' self-rated educational goals were explored to complement the multifaceted nature of preschool teachers' instructional teaching practices. The study was carried out…

  6. Study on the Cultivation of the Innovational Ability of Practice Teaching in Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongxin; Ding, Mengchun

    2010-01-01

    The practice teaching which can not be replaced by others is very important to cultivate students' innovational ability. As viewed from the cultivation of innovational ability, the practice teaching still has many problems. In various forms of the practice teaching, students' innovational thinking should be cultivated mainly, and the practice…

  7. Views from Below: Students' Perceptions of Teaching Practice Evaluations and Stakeholder Roles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosibo, Lungi

    2013-01-01

    Interest in teaching practice as an essential component of teacher education is growing. In spite of this, there is a dearth of research investigating students' perceptions of teaching practice evaluations from them as beneficiaries. This qualitative study examines students' perceptions of teaching practice evaluations administered by…

  8. EVALUATING TEACHING PERFORMANCE. FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE USING STATISTICAL TOOLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARE CODRUTA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The teaching performance is influenced firstly by the quality of the educational system. The universities are trying to raise the expectations regarding the methods used for evaluating the teaching quality. In order for the results to be as much as credible the evaluation must defer to the existing theory and to follow the standardized procedures, starting from some basic principles. The most used framework is represented by the 3P model which contains three parts: 1. The input (factors that come under the students and the professor 2. The learning process (activities focused on learning, teaching methods, practical ability, individual study 3. The outcome (the output of the learning process.This study presents some results of a questionnaire based on the existing economic theory and applied to a sample of master business students from Romania. The students were asked to give grades from 1 to 5 to several aspects related to the educational process. These aspects took into consideration the following: if the didactic activity was interesting for the students/ the relationship between the objectives of the course and the activity evolved/ the clarity of the presentations/ the degree of students' participation required by the teacher/ the methods and materials used/ the availability of the teacher. The average grade is 4.39, indicating a very high level of satisfaction, taking into account that the grades ranged from 1 to 5. For 50% of the students, the average grade was below 4.53, while for the other half it was above the specified value. But one has to see the value returned for the majority of the students. The mode equals 5, meaning that most of the students involved in the analyzed programme are extremely satisfied with the quality of the educational process. With a significance value Sig. = 0.004 /_ 0.01, we can state that there is correlation between the level of satisfaction expressed by the average grade and the number of classes missed

  9. A Model of Teaching and Learning Online in Asian Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Md Kabirul Islam

    2005-01-01

    Online teaching and learning practices in Asian universities are different from that in western universities. Western universities give emphasis on student-student interaction for learning. Online courses offered by most Asian universities are a kind of mixed mode that comprised simultaneous face-to-face tutorials and online interaction facility. In this situation most students use the online facility to collect resources and to contact their teachers. The quantity of student-student interaction was sporadic in many courses. So research is needed to improve the situation and create an environment for students where they can learn what peer group interaction is and practice it. This paper has presented a model of teaching and learning online for Asian universities. Possible barriers in teaching and learning situations in Asia and students' abilities have been considered to develop the model.

  10. Coaching and feedback: enhancing communication teaching and learning in veterinary practice settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Cindy L; Kurtz, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    Communication is a critical clinical skill closely linked to clinical reasoning, medical problem solving, and significant outcomes of care such as accuracy, efficiency, supportiveness, adherence to treatment plans, and client and veterinarian satisfaction. More than 40 years of research on communication and communication education in human medicine and, more recently, in veterinary medicine provide a substantive rationale for formal communication teaching in veterinary education. As a result, veterinary schools are beginning to invest in communication training. However, if communication training is to result in development of veterinary communication skills to a professional level of competence, there must be follow-through with effective communication modeling and coaching in practice settings. The purpose of this article is to move the communication modeling and coaching done in the "real world" of clinical practice to the next level. The development of skills for communication coaching and feedback is demanding. We begin by comparing communication coaching with what is required for teaching other clinical skills in practice settings. Examining both, what it takes to teach others (whether DVM students or veterinarians in practice for several years) and what it takes to enhance one's own communication skills and capacities, we consider the why, what, and how of communication coaching. We describe the use of teaching instruments to structure this work and give particular attention to how to engage in feedback sessions, since these elements are so critical in communication teaching and learning. We consider the preconditions necessary to initiate and sustain communication skills training in practice, including the need for a safe and supportive environment within which to implement communication coaching and feedback. Finally we discuss the challenges and opportunities unique to coaching and to building and delivering communication skills training in practice

  11. A Hybrid Teaching and Learning Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juhary, Jowati Binti

    This paper aims at analysing the needs for a specific teaching and learning model for the National Defence University of Malaysia (NDUM). The main argument is that whether there are differences between teaching and learning for academic component versus military component at the university. It is further argued that in order to achieve excellence, there should be one teaching and learning culture. Data were collected through interviews with military cadets. It is found that there are variations of teaching and learning strategies for academic courses, in comparison to a dominant teaching and learning style for military courses. Thus, in the interest of delivering quality education and training for students at the university, the paper argues that possibly a hybrid model for teaching and learning is fundamental in order to generate a one culture of academic and military excellence for the NDUM.

  12. A model for preparing faculty to teach model C clinical nurse leader students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Sherry; McKeon, Leslie

    2014-07-01

    Model C clinical nurse leader (CNL) programs are complex because they must meet the The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice and The Essentials of Master's Education in Nursing, as well as the graduate level competencies outlined in the white paper Competencies and Curricular Expectations for Clinical Nurse Leader Education and Practice. Faculty assigned to teach in these programs may be experts in education or areas of clinical specialty, but they may not have a clear understanding of the CNL role to teach and mentor CNL students. This article describes a faculty development model that includes an introduction to the CNL role, course mapping of the essentials, integration of CNL professional values into clinical evaluation, consultation with practicing model C graduates, and participation in a comprehensive CNL certification review course. The model was effective in preparing faculty to teach and mentor students in a model C CNL program.

  13. Behavioral Patterns in Special Education. Good Teaching Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Dorta, Manuela; Borges, África

    2017-01-01

    Providing quality education means to respond to the diversity in the classroom. The teacher is a key figure in responding to the various educational needs presented by students. Specifically, special education professionals are of great importance as they are the ones who lend their support to regular classroom teachers and offer specialized educational assistance to students who require it. Therefore, special education is different from what takes place in the regular classroom, demanding greater commitment by the teacher. There are certain behaviors, considered good teaching practices, which teachers have always been connected with to achieve good teaching and good learning. To ensure that these teachers are carrying out their educational work properly it is necessary to evaluate. This means having appropriate instruments. The Observational Protocol for Teaching Functions in Primary School and Special Education (PROFUNDO-EPE, v.3., in Spanish) allows to capture behaviors from these professionals and behavioral patterns that correspond to good teaching practices. This study evaluates the behavior of two special education teachers who work with students from different educational stages and educational needs. It reveals that the analyzed teachers adapt their behavior according the needs and characteristics of their students to the students responding more adequately to the needs presented by the students and showing good teaching practices. The patterns obtained indicate that they offer support, help and clear guidelines to perform the tasks. They motivate them toward learning by providing positive feedback and they check that students have properly assimilated the contents through questions or non-verbal supervision. Also, they provide a safe and reliable climate for learning.

  14. Behavioral Patterns in Special Education. Good Teaching Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Rodríguez-Dorta

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Providing quality education means to respond to the diversity in the classroom. The teacher is a key figure in responding to the various educational needs presented by students. Specifically, special education professionals are of great importance as they are the ones who lend their support to regular classroom teachers and offer specialized educational assistance to students who require it. Therefore, special education is different from what takes place in the regular classroom, demanding greater commitment by the teacher. There are certain behaviors, considered good teaching practices, which teachers have always been connected with to achieve good teaching and good learning. To ensure that these teachers are carrying out their educational work properly it is necessary to evaluate. This means having appropriate instruments. The Observational Protocol for Teaching Functions in Primary School and Special Education (PROFUNDO-EPE, v.3., in Spanish allows to capture behaviors from these professionals and behavioral patterns that correspond to good teaching practices. This study evaluates the behavior of two special education teachers who work with students from different educational stages and educational needs. It reveals that the analyzed teachers adapt their behavior according the needs and characteristics of their students to the students responding more adequately to the needs presented by the students and showing good teaching practices. The patterns obtained indicate that they offer support, help and clear guidelines to perform the tasks. They motivate them toward learning by providing positive feedback and they check that students have properly assimilated the contents through questions or non-verbal supervision. Also, they provide a safe and reliable climate for learning.

  15. A Study of the Effects of a LSC Project on Scientists' Teaching Practices and Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballone-Duran, Lena; Czerniak, Charlene M.; Haney, Jodi J.

    2005-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a local systemic change (LSC) project on scientists’ practices and beliefs about teaching and learning. A mixed-method design was implemented that consisted of a series of interviews and the administration of the Classroom Learning Environment Survey (paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Anaheim, CA, 1994). Results from this study suggest that collaborative opportunities afforded by this model program have positively influenced scientists’ beliefs about teaching elementary science and may be impacting some of the scientists’ pedagogical and curricular practices in their general education courses. Many scientists have developed new collaborative projects, all intended to improve science education at the graduate and undergraduate level, and are beginning to understand the complexity of science education reform.

  16. Development and Validation of Teaching Practice Evaluation Instrument for Assessing Chemistry Students' Teaching Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezeudu, F. O.; Chiaha, G. T. U.; Eze, J. U.

    2013-01-01

    The study was designed to develop and factorially validate an instrument for measuring teaching practice skills of chemistry student-teachers in University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Two research questions guided the study. The design of the study was instrumentation. All the chemistry student-teachers in the Department of Science Education, University…

  17. 丝网版画教学模式探索与实践--以武夷学院为例%A Teaching Model for Stencil Printing:its Exploration and Practice in Wuyi University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王恒战

    2014-01-01

    丝网版画课程已经逐渐成为中国艺术院校的专业课程,在高校的丝网版画教学中我们需要培养学生的个性思维、创造能力和实践能力,不断探索多元化的教学模式。本文着重从原创思维的教学思想、以展览为推动力的教学理念、以旅游市场为外延的教学扩展三个方面,对武夷学院丝网版画教学模式进行探讨。%As a specialized course, stencil printing is available in all of China’s art schools. The paper explores into a teaching model for stencil printing employed in Wuyi University mainly from such 3 aspects as fostering the awareness of creation, taking exhibithion as a motivator and an orientation towards the tourism market. It is suggested that in teaching stencil printing, the focus should be on cultivating the students’ awaremess of critical thinking, creativity and practice.

  18. A New Course Teaching Model exploration of Guide Practice in Vocational Colleges Based on PBL%基于PBL的高职导游实训课程教学新模式探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周坤顺

    2012-01-01

    基于高职导游实训课程教学现状及问题,引入目前国际上广为关注的PBL教学模式,分析PBL教学法在导游实训课程中应用的可行性,研究PBL教学法在导游实训课程中的具体应用过程,提出PBL教学法在导游实训课程应用中的相关保障因素,探索出适合高职导游实训课程的教学新模式。%Aiming at the current situation of Guide Practice teaching and problems and introduction of the well - known PBL approach, this paper analyzes the feasibility of applying the approach in this course, studies the process of concrete application, points out the related security factors so as to explore a new teaching model this course in vocational colleges.

  19. On Practical English Teaching in Universities of Technology under the New National Standards for English Major Teaching Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张媛

    2015-01-01

    As an inheritance and a result of development of the English Teaching Syllabus for English Majors, the New National Standards for English Majors Teaching Quality lays a solid foundation for establishing a more effective English major teaching mode since it puts emphasis on cultivation of students' practical ability, comprehensive quality and individual development.Taking into account the current situation and problems of Practical English Teaching in Universities of Science and Technology, this paper attempts to put forward that to clarify the concept of “practical teaching”, to seek for corresponding solutions in the aspects of extracurricular teaching activity, multilevel practical activity, thesis writing and academic research may jointly be an effective way to improve practical English teaching.

  20. Teaching groundwater dynamics: connecting classroom to practical and field classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakoun, V.; Mazzilli, N.; Pistre, S.; Jourde, H.

    2013-01-01

    Preparing future hydrogeologists to provide inputs in societal discussions in a changing world is a challenging task that induces a need for efficient teaching frameworks. The educational literature suggests that hydrogeology courses should consistently integrate classroom instruction with practical and field classes. However, most teaching examples still separate these three class components. This paper presents an introductory course to groundwater dynamics taught at the Université des Sciences de Montpellier, France. The adopted pedagogical scheme and the proposed activities are described in details. The key points of the proposed course are: (i) an educational scheme that iteratively links groundwater dynamics topics to the three class components, (ii) a course that is structured around a main thread (well testing) called in each class component, (iii) a pedagogical approach that promotes active learning strategies, in particular using original practical classes and field experiments. The experience indicates that the proposed scheme improves the learning process, as compared to a classical, teacher-centered approach.

  1. Teaching Professionals Environmental Management: Combining Educational Learning and Practice Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard; Jørgensen, Ulrik

    2003-01-01

    becomes a place where interplay is created between knowledge from research and development on the one side and competencies from professional practice on the other. In actual teaching, this is accomplished through the creation of linkages between theoretical knowledge and methods and practical knowledge...... is based on the view that different competencies are needed for managing business economics and for environmental management. Integration of general management principles with specific disciplines within environmental management is therefore used as a method to acquire the necessary qualifications. Another...... in the environmental field. Subjects and themes originates to a large extent from the wide range of realistic problems that participants meet in their jobs – and teachers are required to find and use exactly sources of knowledge and methodology that meet these demands. Each basic semester contain both class teaching...

  2. Incorporating Disciplinary Practices Into Characterizations of Progress in Responsive Teaching

    CERN Document Server

    Richards, Jennifer; Gupta, Ayush

    2015-01-01

    Responsive teaching, in which teachers adapt instruction based on close attention to the substance of students' ideas, is typically characterized along two dimensions: the level of detail at which teachers attend and respond to students' ideas, and the stance teachers take toward what they hear - evaluating for correctness vs. interpreting meaning. We propose that characterizations of progress in responsive teaching should also consider the disciplinary centrality of the practices teachers notice and respond to within student thinking. To illustrate what this kind of progress can look like, we present a case study of a middle school science teacher who implemented the "same" lesson on the motion of freely falling objects in two subsequent years. We argue that his primary shift in responsiveness stemmed from a shift in which disciplinary practices he preferentially noticed and foregrounded. He moved from a focus on causal factors or variables to a more scientifically productive focus on causal stories or expla...

  3. The Theory about didactical situations used to analyze practice related teaching and learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aarkrog, Vibe

    2017-01-01

    situations’ that defines five situations of practice related teaching. The data includes observations combined with interviews of teachers in relation to various examples of practice related teaching in the social and health care programs. Based on the analysis of three examples of practice related teaching...... the results show that the Theory of didactical situations can be a useful framework accomplishing practice related teaching and learning. In the discussion a number of challenges in relation to practice related teaching is highlighted focusing on the relation between the five situations in the theory...... of didactical situations....

  4. Teaching biology with model organisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeley, Dolores A.

    The purpose of this study is to identify and use model organisms that represent each of the kingdoms biologists use to classify organisms, while experiencing the process of science through guided inquiry. The model organisms will be the basis for studying the four high school life science core ideas as identified by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS): LS1-From molecules to organisms, LS2-Ecosystems, LS3- Heredity, and LS4- Biological Evolution. NGSS also have identified four categories of science and engineering practices which include developing and using models and planning and carrying out investigations. The living organisms will be utilized to increase student interest and knowledge within the discipline of Biology. Pre-test and posttest analysis utilizing student t-test analysis supported the hypothesis. This study shows increased student learning as a result of using living organisms as models for classification and working in an inquiry-based learning environment.

  5. Interlanguage Pragmatics and Its Influences on English Teaching Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈倩茜

    2015-01-01

    Interlanguage is an important term in Second Language Acquisition, referring to the characteristics of the second lan-guage learner language. The paper has analyzed the importance of the pragmatic competence of interlanguage by discussing the in-terlanguage pragmatics researches and the theoretical foundation. Based on the discussion, the suggestions on SLA offered in the paper focus on enhancing the pragmatic competence by listing the influences of interlanguage pragmatics on English teaching prac-tice.

  6. Student Teachers' Experiences of Relation Building in Teaching Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anne Maj; Laursen, Per Fibæk

    The study explores how 22 student teachers in a Danish college of education experience and interpret their own becoming a teacher and the implied attitudes to pupils. The student teachers attending mainstream teacher education and a course in mindful awareness and relational competencies have...... – to a larger extend than the mainstream educated student teachers - learned a reflexive attitude to their state of being in teaching practice and to their relational interaction with children in class....

  7. The Practice of PBL Teaching Model on the Psychiatry Trainee of International Medical Students%PBL法应用于留学生精神科临床教学中的体会与总结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路翰娜; 陈宇薇; 郭扬波; 赵素华

    2012-01-01

    With the reform of medical education, PBL (Problem-based Learning) as a problem-based, student-centered, self-learning ability of students a new teaching model, and gradually become an international core of the reform of modern medical teaching. This paper briefly introduced the development of PBL teaching model based on the derivative, combined with the author's student teaching experience over the years and the current status of teaching students to explain the teaching of psychiatry in the students teaching the necessity to cany out PBL, then put forward for PBL teaching in teaching students specific programs.%随着医学教育的革新,PBL(Problem-based Learning)作为以问题为基础、学生为中心、培养学生自主学习能力的一种新型教学模式,逐渐成为国际现代医学教学改革的核心.本文在简单介绍PBL教学模式的衍生发展的基础上,结合笔者几年来的留学生教学经验和目前留学生教学的现状,阐述了在留学生精神病学教学中开展PBL教学的必要性,进而提出了适合留学生教学的PBL教学具体方案.

  8. EFL Teaching Methodological Practices in Cali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaves Orlando

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article we aim at showing partial results of a study about the profiles of English as a Foreign Language (EFL teachers in both public and private primary and secondary strata 1-4 schools in Cali, Colombia. Teachers’ methodological approaches and practices are described and analyzed from a sample of 220 teachers. Information was gathered from surveys, interviews and institutional documents. The quantitative information was processed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and Excelwhile the qualitative information (from a survey and focal interviews was analyzed hermeneutically. An analysis grid was used for the examination of institutional documents (area planning, syllabi, and didactic materials. Teachers’ methodology (approaches/methods, lessons, activities, objectives, curricula, syllabi and evaluation are analyzed in the light of literature in the field. Finally, we discuss theimplications of methodological approaches.En este artículo se presentan los resultados parciales de una investigación sobre los perfiles de los profesores de inglés como lengua extranjera que enseñan en colegios de educación básica primaria y secundaria, públicos y privados, de estratos 1 a 4 en Cali, Colombia. Se describen y analizan sus enfoques y prácticas metodológicas a partir de una muestra de 220 docentes. Se obtuvo información cualitativa y cuantitativa por medio de encuestas, entrevistas y documentos institucionales. La información cuantitativa se procesó con el software Statistical Package for Social Sciences y Excel, mientras que la información cualitativa se analizó hermenéuticamente. Se usó una rejilla de análisispara el examen de los documentos institucionales (planes de área, programas, y materiales didácticos. La metodología (enfoques/métodos, clases, actividades, objetivos, currículo, programas y evaluación se analizan a partir de la literatura especializada en el campo. Finalmente, se

  9. Teaching Service Modelling to a Mixed Class: An Integrated Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremiah D. DENG

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Service modelling has become an increasingly important area in today's telecommunications and information systems practice. We have adapted a Network Design course in order to teach service modelling to a mixed class of both the telecommunication engineering and information systems backgrounds. An integrated approach engaging mathematics teaching with strategies such as problem-solving, visualization, and the use of examples and simulations, has been developed. From assessment on student learning outcomes, it is indicated that the proposed course delivery approach succeeded in bringing out comparable and satisfactory performance from students of different educational backgrounds.

  10. QuickTime Virtual Reality Technology Applies to Practical Teaching Recording System

    OpenAIRE

    Yongyong Zhu

    2013-01-01

    QTVR is virtual reality technology which is based on static images and we apply it to practical teaching section. Through the practical teaching record system, virtual reality technology is applied to the whole journey of practical teaching. Give full play to the merits of strong sense of reality of the QTVR technology, good interactive performance, impressive immersive experience, convenience of produce and transmission, make seamless integration with the various present online teaching plat...

  11. The Effect of the Teaching Practice on Pre-Service Elementary Teachers' Science Teaching Efficacy and Classroom Management Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Hulya; Cavas, Pinar Huyuguzel

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the teaching practice on pre-service elementary teachers' science teaching efficacy and classroom management beliefs. The subjects were 185 pre-service elementary teachers from two different universities in Izmir. In this study, Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (STEBI-B) and the…

  12. Practising What They Preach? An Investigation into the Pedagogical Beliefs and Online Teaching Practices of National Teaching Fellows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Tessa

    2015-01-01

    National Teaching Fellows (NTFs) in the UK are celebrated individuals who have made a successful claim for teaching excellence to the Higher Education Academy. This paper reports the results of an empirical study of NTFs with expertise in online learning, which measured their pedagogical beliefs and online teaching practices, using a…

  13. Teaching thoughtful practice: narrative pedagogy in addictions education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandermause, Roxanne K; Townsend, Ryan P

    2010-07-01

    Preparing practitioners for this rapidly changing and demanding health care environment is challenging. A surge in knowledge development and scientific advancement has placed a priority on technical skill and a focus on content driven educational processes that prepare students for evidence-based practice. However, the most difficult health care scenarios require thinking-in-action and thoughtfulness as well as didactic knowledge. It is our contention that interpretive educational methods, like narrative pedagogy, will promote judgment-based practice that includes use of evidence and delivery of thoughtful care. In this article, we describe and interpret a narrative approach to addictions content and teaching thoughtful practice. We present our pedagogical process, including observations and field notes, to show how interpretive pedagogies can be introduced into nursing curricula. By presenting this process, the reader is invited to consider interpretive methods as a way to inspire and habituate thoughtful practice and judgment-based care.

  14. Learning to Teach Science: Personal Epistemologies, Teaching Goals, and Practices of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Nam-Hwa

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand what personal epistemologies and science teaching goals preservice secondary science teachers of a teacher education program in the USA bring with them to their learning to teach and how they translate such beliefs into actions. A set of essay questions, developed through a pilot study, was used to…

  15. “五一体”教学模式在内科护理教学中的应用%Application of“Five in One” education model of nursing teaching practice in internal medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱慧; 潘红宁; 李青荷; 朱颖玲

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨“五一体”教学模式(课岗一体、双师一体、教做一体、学做一体、教评一体)在内科护理教学中的应用效果,以培养护生的临床思维能力和应用能力。方法将2个大专班护生随机分为试验组54名和对照组52名。对照组按照传统教学模式授课,试验组按照“五一体”教学模式授课,学期结束后,两组护生进行内科护理临床能力综合考核,比较教学效果。结果试验组的理论考核(84.17±5.12)分,实训考核(86.98±3.74)分,均高于对照组的(79.37±6.22)、(80.96±5.67)分,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为4.33,6.43;P<0.01)。对试验组37名护生进行随访,其中81.1%的护生表示“五一体”教学模式对提高她们的临床适应能力有帮助。结论“五一体”教学模式的应用提高了护生的临床思维能力和临床适应能力。%Objective To discuss the application of “Five in One” education model of nursing teaching practice ( integration of Course&Position , integration of Practice&Theory teachers , integration of Teaching&Doing, integration of Learning & Doing , and integration of Teaching & Evaluation ) in internal medicine , to cultivate students ’ abilities of clinical thinking and clinical application .Methods College nursing students from 2 classes were divided into two groups , experimental group (54 cases) and control group (52 cases).In control group, students were taught by the traditional way , while in experimental group , the students were under the“Five in One” education model .After the end of a semester , a comprehensive assessment of clinical ability in internal medicine was conducted among nursing students from both two groups , to compare the teaching effectiveness.Results For experimental group,the theory examination score was ( 84.17 ±5.12) and training assessment score was (86.98 ±3.74), higher than the

  16. Improving communication: a practical programme for teaching trainees about communication issues in the general practice consultation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulton, M; Griffiths, J; Hall, D; McIntyre, M; Oliver, B; Woodward, J

    1984-07-01

    This paper describes a teaching programme, for use in general practice vocational training, which provides a theoretical and practical framework for exploring key aspects of the consultation with trainees. A particular emphasis is on the educational or 'cognitive' outcomes of the consultation and skills for improving them. The five stages of the programme are described and an example of experience of each stage is given. The paper concludes with an evaluation of the programme by the trainers, trainees and social scientist involved.

  17. Working with Teaching Assistants: Three Models Evaluated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cremin, Hilary; Thomas, Gary; Vincett, Karen

    2005-01-01

    Questions about how best to deploy teaching assistants (TAs) are particularly opposite given the greatly increasing numbers of TAs in British schools and given findings about the difficulty effecting adult teamwork in classrooms. In six classrooms, three models of team organisation and planning for the work of teaching assistants -- "room…

  18. What's Missing in Model-Based Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Samia

    2011-01-01

    In this study, the author investigated how four science teachers employed model-based teaching (MBT) over a 1-year period. The purpose of the research was to develop a baseline of the fundamental and specific dimensions of MBT that are present and absent in science teaching. Teacher interviews, classroom observations, and pre and post-student…

  19. A Reflexive Model for Teaching Instructional Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shambaugh, Neal; Magliaro, Susan

    2001-01-01

    Documents a five-year study of two instructors who collaborated on formally studying their teaching of a master's level instructional design course. Outlines their views on learning, teaching, and instructional design (ID), describes the ID course, and explains the reflexive instructional model used, in which the teachers examined their teaching…

  20. PBL结合循证PICO模式在护理本科生实习教学中应用的效果评价%The application of PBL combined with PICO model in clinical nursing practice teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾芬莲; 肖政; 陈凌云; 缪小菊; 奉丽敏; 张咏梅

    2014-01-01

    目的 评价PBL结合循证PICO模式在护理本科生实习教学中的应用效果.方法 采用回顾性对照研究,将我院2010级本科实习护生133人列为实验组,2009级本科实习护生128人列为对照组,实验组采用PBL结合循证PICO模式教学法,对照组采用传统教学法,以临床客观结构式考核(OSCE)成绩及问卷调查法对2组学生的临床实习效果进行对照分析.结果 实验组护生在OSCE的成绩及对教学效果的评价方面明显高于对照组护生,差异有统计学意义.结论 PBL结合循证PICO模式教学不但有利于培养和提高护生的临床护理能力及综合素质,还让护生逐步学会并渗透“以客观的科学研究结果为临床决策依据”的循证实践核心思想,为日后走上工作岗位奠定了良好的基础,值得在本科护生临床实习教学中推广应用.%Objective To explore the effect of problem-based 1earning (PBL) combined with PICO model in clinical nursing internship teaching.Methods A retrospective case-control study was adopted,133 undergraduate nursing students in grade 2010 were selected as theexperimental group,and 128 undergraduate nursing students in grade 2009 were selected as the control group.The students in the experimental group received a teaching method which combined PBL with PICO model,while the students in the control group received traditional teaching methods.The two groups were evaluated by Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) and questionnaire survey.Results The OSCE grade and evaluation of teaching method in the experimental group students were higher than the control group,the difference was statistically significant.Conclusions PBL combined with PICO model teaching methods are not only beneficial to cultivate and improve the clinical nursing competency and comprehensive qualities of the nursing students,but also let the students gradually learn and permeate the ideas of "any decision made by clinician should be

  1. A Model for Teaching Electronic Commerce Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard C. Woodard

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available The teaching of information technology in an ever-changing world at universities presents a challenge. Are courses taught as concepts, while ignoring hands-on courses, leaving the hands-on classes to the technical colleges or trade schools? Does this produce the best employees for industry or give students the knowledge and skills necessary to function in a high-tech world? At GeorgiaCollege & StateUniversity (GC&SU a model was developed that combines both concepts and practical hands-on skill to meet this challenge. Using this model, a program was developed that consists of classroom lecture of concepts as well as practical hands-on exercises for mastering the knowledge and developing the skills necessary to succeed in the high-tech world of electronic commerce. The students become productive day one of a new job assignment. This solves the problem of students having the "book knowledge" but not knowing how to apply what has been learned.

  2. C程序设计课程应用团队模式教学改革探索与实践%Teaching Reform Exploration and Practice of C Programming Design Course Based on Team Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨盛泉; 刘萍萍; 白小军; 刘白林

    2016-01-01

    针对目前C程序设计课程教学过程中出现的对学生个性化学习与差异化需求关注不够导致的学生学习热情不高、学习效果差、编程实践能力得不到有效提高等现象,提出基于团队模式对该课程进行教学改革研究。文中首先分析了C程序设计课程教学现状,进而详细地论述了团队模式内涵及其在程序设计课程教学中的优点,最后给出了程序设计课程团队模式的构建的具体方式、步骤与实施方案。%For the emergence of the current C programming course teaching process that ignores the students individual learning and the needs of differentiated attention which in turn leads to such a phenomenon that student learning enthusiasm is not high, poor learning outcomes, programming practical ability to improve are not effectively enough. Therefore this article studies the course teaching reform based on team model. Firstly this paper analyzes the present status of C programming course, then it discusses in detail connotation of team model and its advantages in the C programming course, finally it gives the certain way to build specific making method, procedures and implementation of the C programming design course team model.

  3. Aligning teaching practices with an understanding of quality teaching: a faculty development agenda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masunaga, Hiromi; Hitchcock, Maurice A

    2011-01-01

    To guide the future faculty development practices in a better manner, it is important to determine how clinical teachers perceive their own skill development. The objective of this study was to examine the extent to which clinical teachers aligned their teaching practices, as measured with a self-rating instrument, with their understanding of what constitutes good clinical teaching. A sample of 1523 residents and 737 faculty members completed the clinical teaching perception inventory (CTPI) online and ranked 28 single-word descriptors that characterized clinical teachers along a seven-point scale in two measures, "My Ideal Teacher" and "Myself as a Teacher." Faculty and residents showed strikingly similar discrepancies, in both their magnitudes and directions, between their ratings of "My Ideal Teacher" and those of "Myself as a Teacher." Both residents and faculty found it most difficult to develop the stimulating, well-read, and innovative nature to meet their own standards. Data did not support our hypothesis that faculty would demonstrate stronger congruence between "My Ideal Teacher" and "Myself as a Teacher" than residents. Medical faculty would benefit from future faculty development practices that are designed to assist them in becoming stimulating, well-read, and innovative teachers, while using less control and caution in their teaching.

  4. Informing pedagogy through the brain-targeted teaching model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardiman, Mariale

    2012-01-01

    Improving teaching to foster creative thinking and problem-solving for students of all ages will require two essential changes in current educational practice. First, to allow more time for deeper engagement with material, it is critical to reduce the vast number of topics often required in many courses. Second, and perhaps more challenging, is the alignment of pedagogy with recent research on cognition and learning. With a growing focus on the use of research to inform teaching practices, educators need a pedagogical framework that helps them interpret and apply research findings. This article describes the Brain-Targeted Teaching Model, a scheme that relates six distinct aspects of instruction to research from the neuro- and cognitive sciences.

  5. The Practice Teaching Platform and System for Innovating Talents and Performing Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Boyu; Hao, Ziqiang

    2014-01-01

    The practice education is an important part of higher educational system and an important approach to cultivating applied innovative talents. This paper studies practice of teaching platform and practical teaching system for the research and practice based on the objective basis of applied innovative talents and the basic characteristics of the…

  6. Linking Theory to Practice: Understanding How Two Reading Recovery Teachers' Reflections Inform Their Teaching Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mays, Lydia Criss

    2009-01-01

    Using a grounded theory approach to investigate the multidimensional reflections of two Reading Recovery teachers, this inquiry responds to calls for research on reflection and provides information for the field of education in understanding the nature of teachers' reflections and how they inform teaching practices. Reading Recovery is a…

  7. Teaching Practices and Teachers' Perceptions of Group Creative Practices in Inclusive Rural Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrazola, Begoña Vigo; Bozalongo, Juana Soriano

    2014-01-01

    The central purpose of this paper is to highlight the research in a context where inclusive education is recognised within current global challenges in education. We aim to present different teaching practices and perceptions of teachers from rural schools regarding attention to diversity, before and during a collaborative action that reinforces…

  8. Connecting Theory and Practice: Preservice Teachers' Construction of Practical Tools for Teaching Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobbe, Tim; Ross, Dorene D.; Caron, D. Alvarez; Barko, Timothy; Busi, Rich

    2014-01-01

    The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) has called for changes in mathematics teaching from a procedural to conceptual focus since 1980, yet the way mathematics is taught in many classrooms continues to contradict the recommended practices. The pervasiveness of this challenge has led some educators to suggest changes in university…

  9. Development of a blended model of teaching and learning for nursing students on rostered placement to ensure competence in information and communication technology for professional practice in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creedon, Sile A; Cummins, Ann Maria

    2012-05-01

    Experiences gained from delivering a Health Informatics for Nurses course in a school of nursing and midwifery in a university teaching hospital in Ireland suggest that Web-based courses may facilitate an enhanced understanding of course content. Nursing education must recognize the importance of information and communication technology in nursing to prepare the nursing and midwifery profession to embrace current advances in information and communication technology in healthcare in Ireland, and ultimately to benefit patient care.

  10. Teaching in a Research University: Professors' Conceptions, Practices, and Disciplinary Differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hativa, Nira

    This study surveyed faculty at an elite private research (Ivy League) university on their attitudes toward teaching and their teaching practices. A total of 115 faculty from several schools within the university completed a 68-item questionnaire on how they learned to teach, what motivated them to invest time and effort in their teaching, what…

  11. Profile of South African Secondary-School Teachers' Teaching Quality: Evaluation of Teaching Practices Using an Observation Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jager, Thelma; Coetzee, Mattheus Jacobus; Maulana, Ridwan; Helms-Lorenz, Michelle; van de Grift, Wim

    2017-01-01

    The need for quality teaching is reflected in the poor performance of students in international tests. Teachers' practices and contextual factors could contribute to substandard quality of teaching in South Africa. Several studies indicate that successful learning is largely dependent on the teachers' practices in class. The focus of the present…

  12. Research and Practice on the Teaching Model of Outstanding Engineers%卓越工程师教学模式的研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴寿煜; 张宇红

    2011-01-01

    培养卓越工程师的教学模式由三部分组成:首先采用抛锚式教学,从源头呈现教学内容产生的情景,强化学生的实际应用能力,引导学生从历史角度研究科学发现的规律,运用TRIZ培养学生探索自然界规律的原始创新能力;其次采用支架式教学,围绕教学内容联系当今科学技术,呈现新技术和新仪器产生的情景,运用TRIZ培养学生的集成创新能力;最后采用随机进入式教学,从教学内容的研究方式进入科学难题,呈现科学家探索问题和使用方法的情景,运用TRIZ培养毕生的引进消化吸收再创新能力。%The teaching mode of training outstanding engineers is composed of three parts. First, by using anchored instruction, the present teaching content is to be presented from the source students' application ability is to be strengthened; students are to be instructed to find the laws from the historical perspective and TRIZ is applied to cultivate their innovative ability in exploring natural laws. Second, by using scaffolding instruction, scenes produced by new technology and equipments are to be presented by relating the teaching contents with the latest development in science and technology by applying TRIZ, students' integrated innovation ability is to be trained. Last, by using random access teaching, the problems in teaching are to be presented in the research way and by applying TRIZ, students' ability of introduction, digestion, absorption and innovation is to be trained.

  13. Understanding How the Brain Learns Should Inform Our Teaching Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alix Darden

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Comparative review of: The Brain-Targeted Teaching Model for 21st-Century Schools; Mariale Hardiman; (2012. Corwin, Thousand Oaks, CA. 223 pages; and How the Brain Learns, 4th ed.; David A. Sousa; (2011. Corwin, Thousand Oaks, CA. 321 pages.

  14. Three Cases of Student Teaching Practice for Social Justice in Early Childhood Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Young Ah

    2014-01-01

    Although teachers may agree that it is important to teach all learners equitably, it is challenging to practice social justice oriented pedagogy due to its multiplicity and complexity. This participatory action research attempted to examine student teaching practices that three teacher candidates approached to teach for social justice with young…

  15. Problems and Resolutions in the Practice of Project Teaching in Higher Vocational Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheng, Zhichong; Tan, Jianhua

    2011-01-01

    Recently, there has been a hot discussion on project teaching theory among many higher vocational schools; however the practice of project teaching is still in the beginning period. Hence, many problems appear in project lead. This paper aims to analyze the existing problems in the practice of project teaching and also raise some resolutions.

  16. The Continued Relevance of "Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice of Freedom"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullen, Pauline E.

    2012-01-01

    In 1994, bell hooks' work, Teaching to Transgress--Education as the Practice of Freedom was first published and this work re-examines it for its intent to counter the devaluation of teaching and on the basis that it addresses the urgent need for changes in teaching practices. Because of the intransience of racism and the various "isms" that are…

  17. Capstone Teaching Models: Combining Simulation, Analytical Intuitive Learning Processes, History and Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Maurice; Brown, Steve; Tabibzadeh, Kambiz

    2012-01-01

    For the past decade teaching models have been changing, reflecting the dynamics, complexities, and uncertainties of today's organizations. The traditional and the more current active models of learning have disadvantages. Simulation provides a platform to combine the best aspects of both types of teaching practices. This research explores the…

  18. Capstone Teaching Models: Combining Simulation, Analytical Intuitive Learning Processes, History and Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Maurice; Brown, Steve; Tabibzadeh, Kambiz

    2012-01-01

    For the past decade teaching models have been changing, reflecting the dynamics, complexities, and uncertainties of today's organizations. The traditional and the more current active models of learning have disadvantages. Simulation provides a platform to combine the best aspects of both types of teaching practices. This research explores the…

  19. Practical Strategies and Reflection on Construction of "Questions to Guide Reading" Teaching Model%“问题导读”教学模式构建的实践策略与反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖志鹏

    2015-01-01

    "Questions to Guide Reading" teaching model is defined by the process to achieve the purpose of the common development of teachers and students through presenting targets—guiding self-reading—reading and proposing questions—enlightening students on solving the problems—sorting out and systematizing etc. Such model is based on the target to guide students to read,ask questions,answer and systematize,so as to realize active learning,founding the problem,obtaining acquisition methods and development of personality. "Questions to Guide Reading" teaching model is based on the learning theory of humanism,the learning theory of Constructivism and Jean Piagetˊs cognitive-developmental theory. It achieves teaching goals by Adhering to the principle of sub-jectivity,practice,heuristic,and taking creation of learning environment strategy,heuristic research strategy and the feedback control strategy.%“问题导读”教学模式是指通过“呈现目标———指导自读———阅读提问———启发解答———整理系统化”等一系列师生互动与协助活动,达成师生共同发展目的的过程。“问题导读”方法是从目标出发,引导学生通过自读、提问、解答、系统化的形式,实现主动学习、发现问题、习得方法和发展个性的教学方法。“问题导读模式”以人本主义学习理论、建构主义学习理论和皮亚杰的认知发展理论为基础,坚持主体性原则、实践性原则、启发性原则,采取创设学习情境、启发探究、反馈调控等策略实现教学目标。

  20. Barriers in local practice-oriented teaching networks to organize climate and science teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunwald, Annette

    The poster takes its point of departure from a need to meet primary and lower secondary pupils interest in climate, science and technology by giving them possibilities to learn “in the real world” in a more problem based way. This possibility is given through out-of-school learning organized in co......, and municipalities on energy and climate, and by means of these network engaging youth on science and climate subjects. - Develop science teaching with a problem based approach where teaching in class room is integrated with practical learning outside the school. The poster will focus on identification of possible...... barriers within inter-organizational processes to organization of out-of-school learning/teaching. The barriers are identified as inside the cooperation and outside as external barriers. The methodological framework is rooted in a participatory and pragmatic research approach by following the learning...

  1. Shall we introduce narrative investigation practices in math teaching?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosália Maria Ribeiro de Aragão

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available This is a discussion of epistemological, methodological and theoretical elements of research in current Math Education and that of the teacher-reflective-researcher practice in contemporary society. The objectives of such discussion are: a to introduce basic notions to understand the relation between researcher and the object of investigation; and b to direct Math teachers to undertake research from the very beginning of their trawling. In order to achieve research goals, teachers in trainning can both study classroom dynamics through the testimony of the students as well as analyze meanings in practices of narrative investigation. It is recommended that such practices are incorporated to daily Math teaching and learning processes

  2. Telepresence as Educational Practice in the Third Teaching-Room

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levinsen, Karin; Ørngreen, Rikke; Buhl, Mie

    2013-01-01

    in useful and meaningful ways. During 2011 and 2012 we have conducted a research and development project: Telepresence as educational practice in the Royal Danish Music Academy (RDAM) educations in collaboration with RDAM and their international partners within VC-based teaching and learning in the domain...... of higher music education. The presented study draws on specially designed teaching scenarios with experienced teachers who are novices to VC-based learning. The instruments involved are piano, cello and vocalist singers. The scenarios include iteration of a series of designed activities, which allows...... experiments with interventions in order to develop VC-based designs for learning in collaboration with teachers and technicians at the RDAM-end. We used various data collecting methods such as: written reports from students, MindTape sessions, and Skype interviews, focus group interviews via video conference...

  3. How and Why to Teach Interdisciplinary Research Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rick Szostak

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the interrelated questions of why it is important to teach students about the nature of interdisciplinarity and how this material might be best communicated to students. It is important to define for students what is meant by disciplines and interdisciplinarity. Having distinguished interdisciplinarity from the disciplinary approach, the advantages and disadvantages of each can be discussed. It is useful to discuss the history of both disciplines and interdisciplinarity. It is also useful to discuss the complex relationship between interdisciplinarity and other intellectual currents: postmodernism, unity of science, complexity analysis, feminism, and others. Critically, students should be guided as to how interdisciplinary research might be best performed. Some potential objections to teaching interdisciplinary research practice are addressed.

  4. Wicking teaching aged care facilities program: Innovative Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Andrew; See, Catherine; Lea, Emma; Bramble, Marguerite; Andrews, Sharon; Marlow, Annette; Radford, Jan; McCall, Michael; Eccleston, Claire; Horner, Barbara; McInerney, Fran

    2017-07-01

    This paper reports on the design of a program that aims to prototype teaching aged care facilities in Australia. Beginning in two Tasmanian residential aged care facilities, the intent of the program is to support large-scale inter-professional student clinical placements, positively influence students' attitudes toward working in aged care and drive development of a high-performance culture capable of supporting evidence-based aged care practice. This is important in the context of aged care being perceived as an unattractive career choice for health professionals, reinforced by negative clinical placement experiences. The Teaching Aged Care Facilities Program features six stages configured around an action research/action learning method, with dementia being a key clinical focus.

  5. [Usefulness of group work as a teaching strategy for long-term practical training in the 6-year pharmaceutical education].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubo, Kazuko; Okazaki, Hiromi; Ichikawa, Hiroki; Nishihara, Shigeki; Nawa, Hideki; Okazaki, Masatoshi; Kawasaki, Yoichi; Nakura, Hironori; Matsunaga, Hisashi; Sendo, Toshiaki

    2012-01-01

    At the initiation of long-term practical training in the 6-year pharmaceutical education, there are many issues to be solved. For example, it is necessary for teaching pharmacists, who are in charge of both staffing and teaching pharmacy students, to manage their workload with other staff pharmacists. To overcome this situation and to improve the motivation of teaching pharmacists towards student practical training, we twice held group work (GW) sessions for teaching pharmacists, and then evaluated whether such training was effective for their understanding of the Model Core Curriculum for Practical Training and for promoting a higher level of motivation. During the two-day GW discussions, teaching pharmacists, who work daily in the dispensing area, were separated into two groups to discuss teaching skills. A questionnaire survey was completed by participants before and after each GW session. According to the survey, more than 90% of the pharmacists had a higher motivation level for practical training after the sessions. Particularly in the second GW training, the response rate of "being actively involved" improved from 40% to 70%. Furthermore, "The Educational Evaluation Testing" was conducted, which confirmed the increased participant comprehension. The median scores of the comprehensive exams significantly (pteaching pharmacists involved in the practical training of students. We hope that this exercise will lead to higher student motivation and satisfaction during their practical training.

  6. Teaching entrepreneurship students the practice of innovation: A brain-based guided experience approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald Jean Degen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8077.2013v15n37p92This paper presents a new method for teaching entrepreneurship students to practice innovation and to create high-impact business opportunities.  The teaching method is based on the guided experience learning model that was developed by Caine et al. (2009 to develop the executive functions in the brains of learners, and on the innovation framework that was introduced by Verganti (2009.  The cognitive perspective of creativity, as explained by Weisberg (2006, is used to show how the practice of innovation can be learned.  The model used for the creative process is based on research by Wallas (1926, and on recent neurological findings on the deliberate and spontaneous pathways to creativity (Carson, 2010.  The concept of effectual process (SARASVATHY, 2008 provides an approach to the validation of the students’ radical innovation ideas.

  7. Teaching Chinese in heterogeneous classrooms: strategies and practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong Zhang Fernandez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The heterogeneous nature of the Chinese classroom is a reality in the teaching of Chinese in France, both in secondary and higher education. This heterogeneity is due to several reasons: different levels of language knowledge, different origins and backgrounds of the students, different teaching/learning objectives, different cultural and family background, and social factors. Our research has been conducted in  a final-year LIE college class (langue inter-établissement; in a French secondary school. In our study, the following questions have been posed: How to best adapt the teaching of Chinese to fit the needs of all students? Would differentiated instruction be a solution? What would be the best strategies and practices, in view of the CEFR requirements related to teaching content, to tasks and to assessment? Taking into account a detailed analysis of the class in question in terms of the type of students, the differences in their knowledge of language, and their learning goals, , we adopt  the theory of differentiated instruction –  its main ideas strategies, its overall methodology and practical techniques to address the difficulties ensuing from classroom heterogeneity. The differentiation is implemented at the level of content, task selection, course structure and evaluation. Are there any limitations to differentiated instruction? Strong discrepancies in the levels of students’ knowledge is potentially a problem, and differences in their work pace as well as the teachers’ increased workload can also present difficulties. New ways of organizing language classes such as grouping students on the basis of their various language skills could help solve these issues.

  8. Helping Teachers Grow: Toward Theory and Practice of an "Emergent Curriculum" Model of Staff Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, David A.; Roach, Mary A.

    2006-01-01

    A model of developmentally appropriate practice in helping teachers grow is described. The model derives from a consideration of the psychological processes by which adults learn, and our desire to teach adults by the same methods we hope they will use in teaching children. The model includes a sequence of six kinds of interactions that the…

  9. A Better Model for Student Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heck, Teresa Washut; Bacharach, Nancy

    2016-01-01

    In the traditional student teaching experience, the teacher candidate might observe the "real" teacher and conduct small parts of a few lessons, but not get enough opportunities to practice and develop professional skills. At the other extreme, some teacher candidates find themselves suddenly given full responsibility for instruction…

  10. A Better Model for Student Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heck, Teresa Washut; Bacharach, Nancy

    2016-01-01

    In the traditional student teaching experience, the teacher candidate might observe the "real" teacher and conduct small parts of a few lessons, but not get enough opportunities to practice and develop professional skills. At the other extreme, some teacher candidates find themselves suddenly given full responsibility for instruction…

  11. Research Informing Practice--Practice Informing Research: Innovative Teaching Methologies for World Language Teachers. Research in Second Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarzer, David, Ed.; Petron, Mary, Ed.; Luke, Christopher, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Research Informing Practice--Practice Informing Research: Innovative Teaching Methodologies for World Language Educators" is an edited volume that focuses on innovative, nontraditional methods of teaching and learning world languages. Using teacher-research projects, each author in the volume guides readers through their own personal…

  12. the reanalyze of PPP approach and application in practical teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何文静

    2014-01-01

    With the development of Second language teaching, many teaching methods come into being. Although the typical PPP structure is not so popular today, it remains a paradigm in second language teaching. Therefore, based on this teaching approach, the author will reanalyze its strength and weakness in foreign language teaching. Believing that, it will provide instruction to the foreign language teaching.

  13. Vertical Integration in Teaching And Learning (VITAL): an approach to medical education in general practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dick, Marie-Louise B; King, David B; Mitchell, Geoffrey K; Kelly, Glynn D; Buckley, John F; Garside, Susan J

    2007-07-16

    There is increasing demand to provide clinical and teaching experiences in the general practice setting. Vertical integration in teaching and learning, whereby teaching and learning roles are shared across all learner stages, has the potential to decrease time demands and stress on general practitioners, to provide teaching skills and experience to GP registrars, and to improve the learning experience for medical students, and may also help meet the increased demand for teaching in general practice. We consider potential advantages and barriers to vertical integration of teaching in general practice, and provide results of focus group discussions with general practice principals and registrars about vertical integration. We recommend further research into the feasibility of using vertical integration to enhance the capacity to teach medical students in general practice.

  14. Teaching trainers to incorporate evidence-based medicine (EBM) teaching in clinical practice: the EU-EBM project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thangaratinam, Shakila; Barnfield, Gemma; Weinbrenner, Susanne; Meyerrose, Berit; Arvanitis, Theodoros N; Horvath, Andrea R; Zanrei, Gianni; Kunz, Regina; Suter, Katja; Walczak, Jacek; Kaleta, Anna; Oude Rengerink, Katrien; Gee, Harry; Mol, Ben W J; Khan, Khalid S

    2009-09-10

    Evidence based medicine (EBM) is considered an integral part of medical training, but integration of teaching various EBM steps in everyday clinical practice is uncommon. Currently EBM is predominantly taught through theoretical courses, workshops and e-learning. However, clinical teachers lack confidence in teaching EBM in workplace and are often unsure of the existing opportunities for teaching EBM in the clinical setting. There is a need for continuing professional development (CPD) courses that train clinical trainers to teach EBM through on-the-job training by demonstration of applied EBM real time in clinical practice. We developed such a course to encourage clinically relevant teaching of EBM in post-graduate education in various clinical environments. We devised an e-learning course targeting trainers with EBM knowledge to impart educational methods needed to teach application of EBM teaching in commonly used clinical settings. The curriculum development group comprised experienced EBM teachers, clinical epidemiologists, clinicians and educationalists from institutions in seven European countries. The e-learning sessions were designed to allow participants (teachers) to undertake the course in the workplace during short breaks within clinical activities. An independent European steering committee provided input into the process. The curriculum defined specific learning objectives for teaching EBM by exploiting educational opportunities in six different clinical settings. The e-modules incorporated video clips that demonstrate practical and effective methods of EBM teaching in everyday clinical practice. The course encouraged focussed teaching activities embedded within a trainer's personal learning plan and documentation in a CPD portfolio for reflection. This curriculum will help senior clinicians to identify and make the best use of available opportunities in everyday practice in clinical situations to teach various steps of EBM and demonstrate their

  15. 会阴切开缝合仿真实训模型研制及应用效果观察%Development of Emulate Practical Teaching Model for Episiotomy and Repair and Its Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵风霞; 李凌霄

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the development of a emulate practical teaching model for the episiotomy and repair skills and its effects. Methods The studied included midwife students of Grade 2008 including 98 students, who were divided into experiment group (50 students in class A) and control group (48 students in class B), and in experiment group, the skill training of episiotomy and repair with the self-developed model was provided while those in control group the purchased classical model. Results Compared with students in control group, those in experiment group after the practical class presented a better understanding of the knowledge about episiotomy and repair except for the method of holding scissors and the differences was statistically significant (P<0.05); the scores of episiotomy and repair tests after class showed a significant difference in statistics (P<0.01) between two groups. After clinical practice, students in experiment group showed better understanding of knowledge and skills about episiotomy and repair than those in control group did (P<0.01). Conclusion The self-developed emulate practical teaching model is more helpful for midwife students to master the skills of episiotomy and repair.%  目的探讨会阴切开缝合仿真实训模型研制及应用效果。方法自行研制实训模型并应用于本校2008级助产专业学生。2008级助产专业2个班共98名学生为研究对象,1班50名为试验组,采用自行研制的会阴切开缝合仿真实训模型进行技能实训;2班48名为对照组,采用原购买的会阴切开缝合模型进行技能实训。结果试验组与对照组实训课后针对这项技能相关知识掌握情况进行调查问卷比较,除持会阴切开剪的手法外,其余项目差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。两组实训课后技能操作考核成绩比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。两组在产房临床实习后针对这项技能掌握的状况进行问卷

  16. An integrated theoretical and practical approach for teaching hydrogeology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonomi, Tullia; Fumagalli, Letizia; Cavallin, Angelo

    2013-04-01

    Hydrogeology as an earth science intersects the broader disciplines of geology, engineering, and environmental studies but it does not overlap fully with any of them. It is focused on its own range of problems and over time has developed a rich variety of methods and approaches. The resolution of many hydrogeological problems requires knowledge of elements of geology, hydraulics, physics and chemistry; moreover in recent years the knowledge of modelling techniques has become a necessary ability. Successful transfer of all this knowledge to the students depends on the breadth of material taught in courses, the natural skills of the students and any practical experience the students can obtain. In the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences of the University of Milano-Bicocca, the teaching of hydrogeology is developed in three inter-related courses: 1) general hydrogeology, 2) applied hydrogeology, 3) groundwater pollution and remediation. The sequence focuses on both groundwater flux and contaminant transport, supplemented by workshops involving case studies and computer labs, which provide the students with practical translation of the theoretical aspects of the science into the world of work. A second key aspect of the program utilizes the students' skill at learning through online approaches, and this is done through three approaches: A) by developing the courses on a University e-learning platform that allows the students to download lectures, articles, and teacher comments, and to participate in online forums; B) by carring out exercises through computer labs where the student analyze and process hydrogeological data by means of different numerical codes, that in turn enable them to manage databases and to perform aquifer test analysis, geostatistical analysis, and flux and transport modelling both in the unsaturated and saturated zone. These exercises are of course preceded by theoretical lectures on codes and software, highlighting their features and

  17. Provision of medical student teaching in UK general practices: a cross-sectional questionnaire study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harding, Alex; Rosenthal, Joe; Al-Seaidy, Marwa; Gray, Denis Pereira; McKinley, Robert K

    2015-01-01

    Background Health care is increasingly provided in general practice. To meet this demand, the English Department of Health recommends that 50% of all medical students should train for general practice after qualification. Currently 19% of medical students express general practice as their first career choice. Undergraduate exposure to general practice positively influences future career choice. Appropriate undergraduate exposure to general practice is therefore highly relevant to workforce planning Aim This study seeks to quantify current exposure of medical students to general practice and compare it with past provision and also with postgraduate provision. Design and setting A cross-sectional questionnaire in the UK. Method A questionnaire regarding provision of undergraduate teaching was sent to the general practice teaching leads in all UK medical schools. Information was gathered on the amount of undergraduate teaching, how this was supported financially, and whether there was an integrated department of general practice. The data were then compared with results from previous studies of teaching provision. The provision of postgraduate teaching in general practice was also examined. Results General practice teaching for medical students increased from teaching in 1968 to 13.0% by 2008; since then, the percentage has plateaued. The total amount of general practice teaching per student has fallen by 2 weeks since 2002. Medical schools providing financial data delivered 14.6% of the clinical curriculum and received 7.1% of clinical teaching funding. The number of departments of general practice has halved since 2002. Provision of postgraduate teaching has tripled since 2000. Conclusion Current levels of undergraduate teaching in general practice are too low to fulfil future workforce requirements and may be falling. Financial support for current teaching is disproportionately low and the mechanism counterproductive. Central intervention may be required to solve

  18. Principles and Guidelines for Equitable Mathematics Teaching Practices and Materials for English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moschkovich, Judit

    2013-01-01

    In this essay, the author describes principles for equitable mathematics teaching practices for English Language Learners (ELLs) and outlines guidelines for materials to support such practices. Although research cannot provide a recipe for equitable teaching practices for ELLs, teachers, educators, and administrators can use this set of…

  19. Self-Assessment of Gerontology Teaching Practice: A First-Step in Enhancing Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    VonDras, Dean D.

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses self-assessment of gerontology teaching practice. Through a process of self-reflection one may find insight into their teaching and, concomitantly, develop best-practices for enhancing student learning in gerontology. A self-assessment framework is presented, illuminating best-practices in the areas of the lecture-discussion…

  20. Self-Assessment of Gerontology Teaching Practice: A First-Step in Enhancing Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    VonDras, Dean D.

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses self-assessment of gerontology teaching practice. Through a process of self-reflection one may find insight into their teaching and, concomitantly, develop best-practices for enhancing student learning in gerontology. A self-assessment framework is presented, illuminating best-practices in the areas of the lecture-discussion…

  1. Lemons to Lemonade: How Five Challenges in Teaching Macro Practice Helped to Strengthen Our Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooley, Joe; Sellers, Sherril; Gordon-Hempe, Cornelia

    2009-01-01

    Teaching macro practice can be challenging. While students have some concepts of what macro practice entails, their knowledge may be limited and sometimes inaccurate. Moreover, students may be reluctant to engage in macro change efforts. Given the scarcity of literature regarding teaching macro practice and the growing importance of it in social…

  2. An Armenian English Language Teacher's Practical Theory of Communicative Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feryok, Anne

    2008-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that teacher cognitions and practices can be inconsistent, particularly with claims about communicative teaching practices. This article describes the practical theory of a state school EFL teacher in Armenia who claimed to be using a communicative approach to language teaching by considering her stated cognitions and…

  3. Physiological Coping: A Model for Teaching Pathophysiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porth, Carol M.

    1977-01-01

    The author discusses the use of a teaching model she developed for use in a pathophysiology. The model is based on the physiological component of C. Roy's adaptation model, which encourages students to look for physiological cues and apply relevant knowledge in patient care through a problem-solving approach. (TA)

  4. On faculty development of STEM inclusive teaching practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewsbury, Bryan M

    2017-10-02

    Faculty development of inclusive teaching practices has become more common in response to significant differences in STEM student retention between underrepresented minorities in the USA and students from other ethnic groups. Approaches to solve this have shifted from focusing on student deficits to changing campus culture, including the mindsets of instructors who teach STEM courses. In this article, I argue that based on the literature informing the conceptual frameworks used for faculty development in inclusive teaching, faculty developers should reframe the message of their workshops to focus participants more on the scope of the journey, and shift the direction of overall efforts some to redevelop pedagogical training at the graduate and postdoc levels. Informed by historical as well as recent theories on the role of higher education to society, I highlight the areas of the literature that can effectively inform our current approaches to inclusion. I also briefly review the reasons why this approach is needed, and include suggestions for new faculty development approaches for long-term sustainable change in STEM inclusive education at the postsecondary level. © FEMS 2017. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. Scientific Teaching: Defining a Taxonomy of Observable Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couch, Brian A.; Brown, Tanya L.; Schelpat, Tyler J.; Graham, Mark J.; Knight, Jennifer K.

    2015-01-01

    Over the past several decades, numerous reports have been published advocating for changes to undergraduate science education. These national calls inspired the formation of the National Academies Summer Institutes on Undergraduate Education in Biology (SI), a group of regional workshops to help faculty members learn and implement interactive teaching methods. The SI curriculum promotes a pedagogical framework called Scientific Teaching (ST), which aims to bring the vitality of modern research into the classroom by engaging students in the scientific discovery process and using student data to inform the ongoing development of teaching methods. With the spread of ST, the need emerges to systematically define its components in order to establish a common description for education researchers and practitioners. We describe the development of a taxonomy detailing ST’s core elements and provide data from classroom observations and faculty surveys in support of its applicability within undergraduate science courses. The final taxonomy consists of 15 pedagogical goals and 37 supporting practices, specifying observable behaviors, artifacts, and features associated with ST. This taxonomy will support future educational efforts by providing a framework for researchers studying the processes and outcomes of ST-based course transformations as well as a concise guide for faculty members developing classes. PMID:25713097

  6. Communication course for midwives teaching students in clinical practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Annegrethe; Pedersen, Pernille Mølholt

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND The course was initiated by the midwifery department at University College North Denmark in cooperation with the leaders of the maternity units where the affiliated students have their clinical education. The purpose of the course was to enhance the quality of communication education......-clinically (Rosenbaum et al. 2013) and our own experience teaching Danish midwifery students indicates the same problem in our program. Providing an opportunity for the clinical teachers to learn, discuss and practice communication issues with each other and with theoretical teachers can represent an important...... taking place in clinical practice and try to align the educational efforts in school and clinical settings for the benefit of the students PERSPECTIVES It is known that students in medical education find that clinical learning experiences do not reinforce the communication skills they learn pre...

  7. THE PRACTICE OF LITERARY READING IN SCHOOL: MEDIATION OR TEACHING?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rildo José Cosson Mota

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Buzzword of the moment in the Brazilian educational field, the mediation and more directly the mediation of literary reading has been translated into leisure activities which target is reading for enjoyment and delight and addressed the teacher to the role of facilitating access to books. These practices also replace the traditional use of the literary text as material of teaching the Portuguese language, providing another space for literature in school. However, although hailed as the realization of old demands of scholars of literary literacy field, that is, the fundamental reading of the literary work by the students themselves, such practices end by refusing to school the reason for its existence, which is to be an educational institution. Faced with this seemingly paradoxical and dichotomous scenario, what is the place of the teacher when works with the literary text? Must he teach or mediate the literary reading? This paper seeks to reflect on these issues through a literature review and critical analysis of the theme.

  8. Frontline learning of medical teaching: "you pick up as you go through work and practice".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartford, W; Nimmon, L; Stenfors, T

    2017-09-19

    Few medical teachers have received formal teaching education. Along with individual and organizational barriers to participation in teacher training programs, increasing numbers and altered distribution of physicians away from major teaching centers have increased the difficulty of attendance. Furthermore, it is not known if traditional faculty development formats are the optimal learning options given findings from existing studies document both positive and negative outcomes. There is a gap in research that explores how medical teachers learn to teach and also limited research regarding how medical teachers actually teach. The purpose of this study was to provide insight into how physicians describe their teaching of trainees, and the nature of their teaching development and improvement to inform faculty development programs. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 36 physicians, with a broad range of teaching experience, purposefully selected from five disciplines: Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Surgery, and Family Medicine. A qualitative, inductive approach was used to analyse the data. Teaching was described as being centered on the needs of individual trainees, but was dependent on patient presentation and environmental context. For this group of physicians learning to teach was perceived as a dynamic and evolving process influenced by multiple life experiences. The physicians had not learnt to teach through formal education and then put that learning into practice, but had learnt to teach and improve their teaching through their trial and errors teaching. Life experiences unconnected with the medical environment contributed to their knowledge of teaching along with limited formal learning to teach experiences. Teaching practice was influenced by peers and trainees, feedback, and observation. The findings suggest these medical teachers learn to teach along a continuum largely through their teaching practice. The findings suggested that the

  9. The classroom organizational management in the practice teaching of“Ideological and Moral Cultivation”in universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓晔

    2013-01-01

      This article begins with the practice teaching of the course“Ideological and Moral Cultivation”, to explore how to build a classroom organizational management mode, to highlight the applicability and practicality of teaching, striving to make this course teaching matches its nature of practice, to enhance the effectiveness of teaching.

  10. The Impact of Micro-Teaching on the Teaching Practice Performance of Undergraduate Agricultural Education Students in College of Education, Azare

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sa'ad, Tata Umar; Sabo, Shehu; Abdullahi, Aliyu Dahuwa

    2015-01-01

    Micro-teaching and teaching practices are two integral parts of teacher education programme. Therefore, this study investigated the impact of micro-teaching on the teaching practice of the undergraduate Agricultural Education Students admitted in 2012/2013 Academic session in College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria. The 400 level…

  11. 高职市场营销专业实践教学思考%Vocational College Marketing Professional Practice Teaching Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨方华

    2015-01-01

    高职院校市场营销专业实践教学存在着教学体系不完整、教学师资和实践设备缺乏、校企合作流于形式和"定向班"模式并未达到培养目标要求等问题,希望通过明确实践教学在高职市场营销专业教学体系中的重要地位、加强实践教学师资的培养和实践设备的配备、发挥校外实践教学基地的作用和创新实践教学方法等途径来开创高职市场营销专业实践教学的新局面.%Marketing Practical Teaching in Higher Vocational Schools teaching system is not complete, lack of teachers and practice teaching equipment, School-enterprise cooperation becomes a mere formality and"orientation classes"model did not meet the training objectives and requirements and other issues, hopes to clear practice teaching in high Vocational ma-rketing Teaching system in an important position, strengthen practice teaching teachers with training and practice devices, play a role and their innovative teaching methods campus practice teaching base of ways to create a new situation of market-ing majors'' practice teaching.

  12. 在解析几何教学中融入数学建模思想的探索与实践%Exploration and Practice of an Inset Mathematical Modeling Thought in Analytic Geometry Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦程东; 刘逸; 徐庆娟; 郭金; 陈建伟

    2011-01-01

    指出目前解析几何教学中存在的一些问题,讨论在解析几何的教学中融入数学建模思想的必要性,探索如何在解析几何教材、教学方法等方面融入数学建模思想的方法.%The paper points out some problems existing in the teaching of Analytic Geometry and discusses the necessity of melting mathematical modeling thought into Analytic Geometry teaching and the method of how to melt it in the teaching materials and the teaching of Analytic Geometry.

  13. The Flipped Classroom Teaching Model and Its Use for Information Literacy Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold-Garza, Sara

    2014-01-01

    The flipped classroom, a teaching method that delivers lecture content to students at home through electronic means and uses class time for practical application activities, may be useful for information literacy instruction. This article describes many of the characteristics of the flipped classroom teaching model, illustrated with examples from…

  14. The Influence of Professional Development on Teachers' Implementation of the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Okseon; Choi, Euichang

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a professional development (PD) program on teachers' implementation of the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility (TPSR) model, and to identify the characteristics of PD that influence teaching practice. The participants were six elementary school teachers and 12 students, and the data…

  15. Using Image Modelling to Teach Newton's Laws with the Ollie Trick

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Marco Adriano; Carvalho, Paulo Simeão; Vianna, Deise Miranda

    2016-01-01

    Image modelling is a video-based teaching tool that is a combination of strobe images and video analysis. This tool can enable a qualitative and a quantitative approach to the teaching of physics, in a much more engaging and appealling way than the traditional expositive practice. In a specific scenario shown in this paper, the Ollie trick, we…

  16. The Influence of Professional Development on Teachers' Implementation of the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Okseon; Choi, Euichang

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a professional development (PD) program on teachers' implementation of the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility (TPSR) model, and to identify the characteristics of PD that influence teaching practice. The participants were six elementary school teachers and 12 students, and the data…

  17. Constructive Alignment for Teaching Model-Based Design for Concurrency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brabrand, Claus

    2007-01-01

    "How can we make sure our students learn what we want them to?" is the number one question in teaching. This paper is intended to provide the reader with: i) a general answer to this question based on the theory of constructive alignment by John Biggs; ii) relevant insights for bringing this answ...... from theory to practice; and iii) specific insights and experiences from using constructive alignment in teaching model-based design for concurrency (as a case study in implementing alignment)......."How can we make sure our students learn what we want them to?" is the number one question in teaching. This paper is intended to provide the reader with: i) a general answer to this question based on the theory of constructive alignment by John Biggs; ii) relevant insights for bringing this answer...

  18. The teaching practices inventory: a new tool for characterizing college and university teaching in mathematics and science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieman, Carl; Gilbert, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    We have created an inventory to characterize the teaching practices used in science and mathematics courses. This inventory can aid instructors and departments in reflecting on their teaching. It has been tested with several hundred university instructors and courses from mathematics and four science disciplines. Most instructors complete the inventory in 10 min or less, and the results allow meaningful comparisons of the teaching used for the different courses and instructors within a department and across different departments. We also show how the inventory results can be used to gauge the extent of use of research-based teaching practices, and we illustrate this with the inventory results for five departments. These results show the high degree of discrimination provided by the inventory, as well as its effectiveness in tracking the increase in the use of research-based teaching practices.

  19. Application of "Job experience" in the community nursing model of practice teaching%"岗位体验"实践教学法在社区护理学教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩爱敏; 姚志翠; 纪敬敏; 李冬莉; 郝总谦

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨社区护理学实践教学模式,培养社区实用型护理人才.方法:将2007级260名高职护生随机分为试验组159名和对照组101名,组织试验组同学假期开展"关爱社区人群健康"的社会实践活动.实施"岗位体验-任务引领-标准化评价"的实践教学方法.结果:100%的护生积极参与课堂教学,试验组同学综合素质评价优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:学习社区护理课程前,护生到自己熟悉的社区观察人群健康状况,能促进护生对社区人群健康现状的早认识,同时认识到社区需要高素质的护理人员,提高其学习社区护理兴趣.%Objective:To investigate the practice teaching mode of community nursing and train practical community health care professionals. Methods:260 nursing students of the year 2007 were randomly divided into the experimental group ( n = 159 ) and the control group ( n = 101 ). Taking advantage of the holidays,the students of the experimental group has developed social practice,which called"Care for the community populations health". Implements practice educational model of the job experience - the task to lead - the standardized evaluation. Results: 100% of nursing students were actively involved role -playing scenario care in classroom. Quality assessment parameters of experimental group were better than those of control group and the difference was significant P <0.05 ). Conclusion:Before learning community nursing,nursing students return to their communities to observe the health status,nursing students should be aware of community care as early as possible, while recognizing that community need high - quality nurses, students interest in learning community care should be improved.

  20. Teaching practice and the personal and socio-professional development of prospective teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Schoeman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the interplay between individual and contextual variables during teaching practice and its impact on the personal and socio-professional development of prospective teachers. The purpose of the study was to survey how prospective teachers experienced the process of becoming aware of their emerging identities as teachers, and to demonstrate how the unique, individual student teachers' teaching and socio-professional identities are cultivated in the learning-to-teach process. A non-experimental survey research design involving quantitative data was used. A questionnaire, adapted from Caires and Almeida's Inventory of Experiences and Perceptions at Teaching Practice (IEPTP, was used to collect the data. The data were assessed through statistical analysis, using mean ranking scores. Higher levels of success were observed with regard to the professional and institutional socialisation, learning and professional development, and vocational sub-scales. Lower levels of success were found in the support and supervision and socio-emotional sub-scales. Ralph's contextual supervision model and exploration of feelings and emotions are put forward as measures to scaffold, respectively, the supervision and socio-emotional dimensions of becoming a teacher.

  1. Developing critical refelction as a part of a teaching training and teaching practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walkinton, Jackie; Christensen, Hans Peter; Kock, Hanne

    2001-01-01

    Academics in universities can no longer teach in the ways that have been appropriate in the past. The paradigm has shifted from the dissemination of knowledge to a focus on the students and how to facilitate the best learning outcomes for them. This paper proposes that critical reflection...... is at the heart of being an effective teacher. It invites teachers to evaluate their own philosophies about teaching and to be criticaly reflective on their own practice. It is suggested that teachers need to learn how to be reflective practitioners through both self-evaluation and the use of collaborative...... strategies. It is no longer appropriate to focus solely on the 'what'; but also on the 'how' and 'why'....

  2. Developing critical refelction as a part of a teaching training and teaching practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walkinton, Jackie; Christensen, Hans Peter; Kock, Hanne

    2001-01-01

    Academics in universities can no longer teach in the ways that have been appropriate in the past. The paradigm has shifted from the dissemination of knowledge to a focus on the students and how to facilitate the best learning outcomes for them. This paper proposes that critical reflection...... is at the heart of being an effective teacher. It invites teachers to evaluate their own philosophies about teaching and to be criticaly reflective on their own practice. It is suggested that teachers need to learn how to be reflective practitioners through both self-evaluation and the use of collaborative...... strategies. It is no longer appropriate to focus solely on the 'what'; but also on the 'how' and 'why'....

  3. Triangular model integrating clinical teaching and assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelaziz, Adel; Koshak, Emad

    2014-01-01

    Structuring clinical teaching is a challenge facing medical education curriculum designers. A variety of instructional methods on different domains of learning are indicated to accommodate different learning styles. Conventional methods of clinical teaching, like training in ambulatory care settings, are prone to the factor of coincidence in having varieties of patient presentations. Accordingly, alternative methods of instruction are indicated to compensate for the deficiencies of these conventional methods. This paper presents an initiative that can be used to design a checklist as a blueprint to guide appropriate selection and implementation of teaching/learning and assessment methods in each of the educational courses and modules based on educational objectives. Three categories of instructional methods were identified, and within each a variety of methods were included. These categories are classroom-type settings, health services-based settings, and community service-based settings. Such categories have framed our triangular model of clinical teaching and assessment.

  4. Exploring a Community of Practice Model for Professional Development to Address Challenges to Classroom Practices in Early Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christ, Tanya; Wang, X. Christine

    2013-01-01

    This study explored whether or not, and how, an on-site and research-teacher community of practice model for professional development addressed the challenges to classroom practices in a Head Start program. Data sources included interviews with teachers, videos of planning and teaching sessions, and the researchers' fieldwork log and…

  5. Research and Practice of“Vocational Class”Teaching Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing Linlin; Jia Zhuli

    2015-01-01

    “Vocational class” teaching mode is based on vocational ability training of students as the goal to develop target-oriented approach of the teaching reform method; it is a new teaching method.This mode is the integration of teaching,learning and doing in class; it is the typical vocational tasks mode of teaching methods.Teaching process imitates the office scene and the actual workingprocess.

  6. Research and Practice of “Vocational Class” Teaching Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢琳琳; 贾柱立

    2015-01-01

    "Vocational class" teaching mode is based on vocational ability training of students as the goal to develop target-oriented approach of the teaching reform method; it is a new teaching method.This mode is the integration of teaching,learning and doing in class; it is the typical vocational tasks mode of teaching methods.Teaching process imitates the office scene and the actual working process.

  7. Student teachers' beliefs about mentoring and learning to teach during teaching practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanting, A; Verloop, N; Vermunt, J D

    2001-03-01

    Various interpretations of mentor roles, by teacher educators and mentors, have been described in the literature on mentoring, while those of student teachers have received less attention. Therefore, this study focuses on student teachers' expectations of mentors and their own contributions to their learning process while they are supervised by a mentor. The main aims of this study were: (1) bridging the research on mentoring and the research on higher education students' learning conceptions by investigating student teachers' beliefs about mentoring and learning to teach, and (2) comparing these beliefs to mentors' ones and recent views on mentoring and learning in order to make suggestions for improving learning to teach. Thirty student teachers, graduates in various academic disciplines, participated. They were attending a one-year teacher education programme at Leiden University in the Netherlands. Structured interviews with the student teachers were audio-taped. Firstly, categories of mentor roles and learning activities were derived from the data. These were linked, secondly, by their focus of attention and, thirdly, empirically by a homogeneity analysis (HOMALS). Six mentor roles, ten learning activities, and one regulation activity were combined in six foci: (1) affective aspects of learning to teach, (2) mentors' teaching styles, (3) assessment of student teachers' performance, (4) reflecting on students' lessons, (5) school context, and (6) self-regulation of learning. The HOMALS analysis yielded a process-product dimension. In this study, the student teachers' beliefs about mentoring were similar to those of mentors. Furthermore, a third of the student teachers expected themselves as thinking critically about their lessons, but nobody expected their mentors to explicate their practical knowledge underlying their teaching. Therefore, the articulation of this knowledge is indicated as an additional mentor role and will be elaborated.

  8. Supporting Future Faculty in Developing Their Teaching Practices: An Exploration of Communication Networks among Graduate Teaching Assistants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wise, Alyssa

    2011-01-01

    Past research has shown that informal communications among Graduate Teaching Assistants (GTAs) are more influential in shaping their teaching practices than formal induction programs. Yet little is known about how these informal helping relationships evolve and how universities can help support their formation as part of the preparation of future…

  9. The Teaching Practices Inventory: A New Tool for Characterizing College and University Teaching in Mathematics and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieman, Carl; Gilbert, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    We have created an inventory to characterize the teaching practices used in science and mathematics courses. This inventory can aid instructors and departments in reflecting on their teaching. It has been tested with several hundred university instructors and courses from mathematics and four science disciplines. Most instructors complete the…

  10. 基于设计的"协作-探究"教学模式创新与实践%The Innovative Practice of Design-Based "Collaborative Inquiry" Teaching Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包昊罡; 康佳; 李艳燕; 齐虎春

    2015-01-01

    高等教育院校在建设创新型国家的过程中担负着培养人才的重大责任.但目前高校的教学模式相对固化,无法满足创新型人才的培养要求.教学方法是影响我国大学教育质量的重要因素,提高教育质量必须创新大学教学方法.探究学习和协作学习是促进学生自主学习、提高学生创新能力的重要教与学方式.而基于设计的研究能在真实情境中,通过分析、设计、开发和实施的反复循环来改进教育实践,并提炼对情境敏感的设计原则和理论.基于设计的"协作-探究"教学模式,以"智能机器人"课程为载体,进行了三轮迭代,获得了较好的教学效果.实践证明,该创新教学模式增加了学生的活动空间,其阶梯任务设置,有利于学生在掌握基本知识的基础上进行探究、创新;组内和组间的协作有利于学生取长补短、相互学习,提升学习效果;及时的反思与总结促进了学习的深化;教师在关键环节的指导提升了学习效率.需要注意的是,在具体实践中,任务设置、协作分组以及教师角色的转换非常关键.%Tertiary education plays an important role in building an innovation-oriented nation as it bears the responsibility of cultivating talents. However, the rigidity of current teaching models at universities makes it unable to meet the demands of fostering innovative talents. Teaching methods therefore need to be innovated so as to ensure the educational quality. Collaborative learning and inquiry learning are two crucial approaches to promoting learners' autonomy and creativity. Embedded in authentic context, this study adopts a design-based research (DBR) approach, which aims to improve education practice through constant recycling of analyzing, designing, developing and implementing learning activities. A new "Collaborative Inquiry" teaching model was developed after the implementation of 3 rounds of iteration on the"Intelligent Robot

  11. Effectiveness of Video Modeling Provided by Mothers in Teaching Play Skills to Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besler, Fatma; Kurt, Onur

    2016-01-01

    Video modeling is an evidence-based practice that can be used to provide instruction to individuals with autism. Studies show that this instructional practice is effective in teaching many types of skills such as self-help skills, social skills, and academic skills. However, in previous studies, videos used in the video modeling process were…

  12. Teaching about Love and Practicing Feminist Pedagogy in a College Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mei-Hui, You

    2014-01-01

    Being a feminist teacher, working on gender equity education, including teaching, reading, writing, and doing research on this topic, has become a commitment for me. I have frequently reflected my teaching practices and occasionally found new teaching strategies in the classroom. I always try to bring new topics or issues into the classroom in…

  13. Education Resources Needed to Support the Teaching of Evidence-Based Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmundson, Eldon; Gallon, Steve; Porter, John

    2007-01-01

    The Northwest Frontier Addiction Technology Transfer Center surveyed addiction educators, providers and policy makers in Northwest states and Hawaii to define teaching resources and barriers in the teaching of evidence-based practices for the preparation of addiction professionals. The top three teaching resource needs were example student…

  14. Watching the Whites of Their Eyes: The Use of Teaching-Practice Logs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornbury, Scott

    1991-01-01

    Describes the piloting of diaries to record self-assessments of teaching-practice lessons for trainees for the Royal Society of Arts Cambridge Certificate in Teaching English as a foreign language (TEFLA). An analysis of these training logs suggests they are instrumental in the development of personal theories of learning and teaching. (15…

  15. The Cultivation of Cross-Cultural Communication Competence in Oral English Teaching Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Chunyan

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the main problems and difficulties in current college English oral English teaching practice, illustrates the relationship between oral English teaching and cross-cultural communication competence. On the one hand, cross-cultural communication plays an essential role in oral English teaching; besides, oral English teaching…

  16. Teaching Art and Design: Communicating Creative Practice through Embodied and Tacit Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budge, Kylie

    2016-01-01

    How do artists and designers teaching in universities communicate creative practice as they teach art/design? There is much discussion about the "mystery" of creativity, but little understanding of how teaching occurs in creative contexts. Understanding this topic better will develop greater knowledge within the academy of how art and…

  17. Measuring Practices of Teaching for Social Justice in Elementary Mathematics Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reagan, Emilie Mitescu; Pedulla, Joseph J.; Jong, Cindy; Cannady, Mac; Cochran-Smith, Marilyn

    2011-01-01

    This study used the Teaching for Social Justice Observation Scale (TSJOS) of the Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol-Plus (RTOP+) to examine the extent to which twenty-two novice elementary teachers implemented practices related to teaching for social justice in their mathematics instruction. In addition, this study sought to examine the extent…

  18. Urban Teaching in America: Theory, Research, and Practice in K-12 Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stairs, Andrea J.; Donnell, Kelly A.; Dunn, Alyssa Hadley

    2011-01-01

    "Urban Teaching in America: Theory, Research, and Practice in K-12 Classrooms" is a brief yet comprehensive overview of urban teaching. Undergraduate and graduate students who are new to the urban context will develop a deeper understanding of the urban teaching environment and the challenges and opportunities they can expect to face while…

  19. A Sociological Standpoint to Authentic Scientific Practices and its Role in School Science Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet C. AYAR

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we place an emphasis on authentic science practices grounded by anthropological and sociological lenses of science and discuss their implications for science teaching. We highlight the problem of typical science teaching as teaching merely about the “normal science” and ignoring the sociological characteristics of scientific practice. After briefly reviewing the sociological and anthropological perspectives of science, we propose including the social characteristics of science and the notion of communities of practice in designing science learning environments and considering them as essential components of the nature of science teaching practices. Next, we discuss the characteristics of authentic scientific practices as reported in recent studies and examine how researchers operationalized authentic science practices in their educational studies. Finally we suggest some implications for practice in augmenting students‟ and teachers‟ awareness about authentic science practices using the anthropological and sociological lenses.

  20. Analysis on Reform of Practical Teaching Strategies for Financial Management Major in Higher Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hou Shangfa

    2016-01-01

    Financial management major put emphasis on professional practice, and it set aim on train professional financial management person from higher vocational education; continue to expand the field of practice. And it has become an important part of teaching. This thesis analyze professional practice teaching principle and the necessity of the hand from the construction of financial management into the higher vocational education, pay attention to the problem of the practical teaching of financial management specialty in higher vocational education, and put forward the reform strategy to improve financial management professional students' practical ability.

  1. “2+3”课堂教学模式的研究与实践%Study and Practice of “2+3” Classroom Teaching Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡玉敏

    2016-01-01

    “2+3”教学模式包括“课前导学”、“课前自学”、“教师精讲”、“合作探究”、“练习拓展”5个教学实践环节;作为一种新型的教学模式,它将课内与课外进行了有机结合,取得了显著的教学实践成效。%“2 +3” teaching model consists of 5 phases: “guided learning before class”, “self-study beforeclass”, “teacher’s intensive explanation”, “collaborative exploration” and “exercise and expansion”.Being anew teaching model, “2 +3” combines in class and out of class activities and can obtain significant teaching effec-tiveness.

  2. Efficiency Of Different Teaching Models In Teaching Of Frisbee Ultimate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žuffová Zuzana

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to verify the efficiency of two frisbee ultimate teaching models at 8-year grammar schools relative to age. In the experimental group was used a game based model (Teaching Games for Understanding and in the control group the traditional model based on teaching techniques. 6 groups of female students took part in experiment: experimental group 1 (n=10, age=11.6, experimental group 2 (n=12, age=13.8, experimental group 3 (n=14, age =15.8, control group 1 (n=11, age =11.7, control group 2 (n=10, age =13.8 and control group 3 (n=9, age =15.8. Efficiency of the teaching models was evaluated based of game performance and special knowledge results. Game performance was evaluated by the method of game performance assessment based on GPAI (Game Performance Assessment Instrument through video record. To verify level of knowledge, we used a knowledge test, which consisted of questions related to the rules and tactics knowledge of frisbee ultimate. To perform statistical evaluation Mann-Whitney U-test was used. Game performance assessment and knowledge level indicated higher efficiency of TGfU in general, but mostly statistically insignificant. Experimental groups 1 and 2 were significantly better in the indicator that evaluates tactical aspect of game performance - decision making (p<0.05. Experimental group 3 was better in the indicator that evaluates skill execution - disc catching. The results showed that the students of the classes taught by game based model reached partially better game performance in general. Experimental groups achieved from 79.17 % to 80 % of correct answers relating to the rules and from 75 % to 87.5 % of correct answers relating to the tactical knowledge in the knowledge test. Control groups achieved from 57.69 % to 72.22 % of correct answers relating to the rules and from 51.92 % to 72.22 % of correct answers relating to the tactical knowledge in the knowledge test.

  3. Practical skills teaching in contemporary surgical education: how can educational theory be applied to promote effective learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadideen, Hazim; Kneebone, Roger

    2012-09-01

    Teaching practical skills is a core component of undergraduate and postgraduate surgical education. It is crucial to optimize our current learning and teaching models, particularly in a climate of decreased clinical exposure. This review explores the role of educational theory in promoting effective learning in practical skills teaching. Peer-reviewed publications, books, and online resources from national bodies (eg, the UK General Medical Council) were reviewed. This review highlights several aspects of surgical education, modeling them on current educational theory. These include the following: (1) acquisition and retention of motor skills (Miller's triangle; Fitts' and Posner's theory), (2) development of expertise after repeated practice and regular reinforcement (Ericsson's theory), (3) importance of the availability of expert assistance (Vygotsky's theory), (4) learning within communities of practice (Lave and Wenger's theory), (5) importance of feedback in learning practical skills (Boud, Schon, and Endes' theories), and (6) affective component of learning. It is hoped that new approaches to practical skills teaching are designed in light of our understanding of educational theory. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. 数学建模思想融入《数学分析》教学的研究与实践%The Research and Practice of Infiltrating the Idea of Mathematical Modeling in Mathematical Analysis Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建国

    2014-01-01

    针对传统《数学分析》课程教学的弊端,结合自己多年教学实践,论述了《数学分析》课程教学中融入数学建模思想的重要性,并且就数学建模思想全方位融入到《数学分析》教学的各个环节中的具体方法进行了探讨,为《数学分析》课程的教学改革提供有益的参考。%Mathematical analysis is one of the essential core curriculums of mathematics specialty such as Mathematics and applied Mathematics and information and computing science , the teaching effect of this curriculum is directly related to that for subsequent professional curriculums . In this paper , according to the problems in traditional mathematical analysis teaching , combining with years of teaching experience of the author , the importance of infiltrating the idea of mathematical modeling in mathematical analysis teaching is presented firstly .And then , the specific methods of infiltrating the idea of mathematical modeling in the each stage of mathematical analysis teaching are discussed .

  5. Problematizing the multidisciplinary residency in oncology: a practical teaching protocol from the perspective of nurse residents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myllena Cândida de Melo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate practical teaching of nurse residents in a multidisciplinary residency in oncology. Method: A qualitative descriptive study grounded in the problematization methodology and its steps, represented by the Maguerez Arch. Data were analyzed using content analysis. Results: Potentiating and limiting elements of the residency guided the design of a practical teaching protocol from the perspective of residents, structured in three stages: Welcoming and ambience; Nursing care for problem situations; and, Evaluation process. Conclusion: Systematization of practical teaching promoted the autonomy of individuals and the approximation of teaching to reality, making residency less strenuous, stressful and distressing.

  6. A Study of Culturally Responsive Teaching Practices of Adult ESOL and EAP Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Christy M.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how frequently adult education English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) and English for Academic Purposes (EAP) teachers in Florida used specific culturally responsive teaching practices and how important they believed those practices were to their teaching. Using Ginsberg and Wlodkowski's…

  7. Mentoring "Inside" the Action of Teaching: Induction Coaches' Perspectives and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardiner, Wendy; Weisling, Nina

    2016-01-01

    To provide a shared vision of effective mentoring and language for practice, Schwille developed a temporal framework depicting mentoring practices referred to as "inside" and "outside" the action of teaching. "Inside" mentoring occurs when teachers are working with students (e.g. co-teaching and demonstration…

  8. Factors of Participants and Blogs That Predict Blogging Activeness during Teaching Practice and Induction Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luik, Piret; Taimalu, Merle

    2016-01-01

    The blog as a type of social software has been used in education for several years, and its positive effect in the field has been asserted in many studies. This study presents the factors of participants and blogs that predict blogging activeness during teaching practice and induction year. During the teaching practice and induction year all…

  9. Teaching Residents Practice-Management Knowledge and Skills: An "in Vivo" Experience

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    Williams, Laurel Lyn

    2009-01-01

    Objective: This article explores the relevant data regarding teaching psychiatric residents practice management knowledge and skills. This article also introduces a unique program for teaching practice management to residents. Methods: A literature search was conducted through PubMed and "Academic Psychiatry". Additionally residents…

  10. Joseph Schwab, Self-Study of Teaching and Teacher Education Practices Proponent? A Personal Perspective

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    Craig, Cheryl J.

    2008-01-01

    The field of self-study of teaching and teacher education practices, like a number of other areas of inquiry, appears negligent in paying intellectual debt to Joseph Schwab who revolutionalized the fields of curriculum and teaching in the 1970s with his ideas about the practical. In this article, I trace my personal journey of coming to know…

  11. Teachers' Beliefs on Foreign Language Teaching Practices in Early Phases of Primary Education: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caner, Mustafa; Subasi, Gonca; Kara, Selma

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine whether teacher beliefs would play a role in their actual practices while teaching target language in early phases of primary education, principally, in kindergarten and first grades in a state school. As it is a very broad research area, the researchers exclusively analyzed teaching practices and teaching…

  12. Good Practice Guide: Bringing a Social Capital Approach into the Teaching of Adult Literacy and Numeracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2010

    2010-01-01

    This good practice guide is based on research that looked at how to teach adult literacy and numeracy using a social capital approach. The guide suggests ways vocational education and training (VET) practitioners can adopt a social capital approach to their teaching practice. A social capital approach refers to the process in which networks are…

  13. Novice Teachers Reflect on Their Instructional Practices While Teaching Adults Math

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsburg, Lynda

    2016-01-01

    Over three years, eighty-two teachers in their first or second year of teaching participated in orientation programs for new adult educators. During the programs, they reflected on their own instructional practices when teaching mathematics to adults. The teachers identified the practice they were likely to overemphasize and explained why they…

  14. Conceptions of Grammar Teaching: A Case Study of Teachers' Beliefs and Classroom Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Thomas S. C.; Lim, Poh Choo Particia

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a case study that investigated and compared the beliefs and actual classroom practices of two experienced English language teachers with regards to grammar teaching in a primary school in Singapore. Areas where practices converged with or diverged from beliefs about grammar teaching are examined and discussed as well as the…

  15. A Study of Culturally Responsive Teaching Practices of Adult ESOL and EAP Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Christy M.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how frequently adult education English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) and English for Academic Purposes (EAP) teachers in Florida used specific culturally responsive teaching practices and how important they believed those practices were to their teaching. Using Ginsberg and Wlodkowski's…

  16. Teaching Practice: University Supervisors' Experiences and Perceptions of a Cooperating Physical Education Teacher Education Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meegan, Sarah; Dunning, Carol; Belton, Sarahjane; Woods, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to examine university supervisors' experiences and perceptions of a cooperating physical education teacher education (COPET) programme while on teaching practice. Teaching practice is a central tenet of physical education teacher education (PETE) preparation. The COPET programme was designed to support the triad…

  17. Teaching Practice and the Quality Dilemma: Lessons from Experiences of Student Teachers in Masvingo Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashava, Rumbidzai; Chingombe, Agrippa

    2013-01-01

    Teaching Practice is presumed to be key to professionalization of teachers, although very little research has been done on its effectiveness. This article seeks to show the views of stakeholders on the effectiveness of Teaching Practice in Zimbabwean primary schools. A case study which is largely qualitative was found appropriate. A sample of 84…

  18. Investigating the Efficacy of Practical Skill Teaching: A Pilot-Study Comparing Three Educational Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maloney, Stephen; Storr, Michael; Paynter, Sophie; Morgan, Prue; Ilic, Dragan

    2013-01-01

    Effective education of practical skills can alter clinician behaviour, positively influence patient outcomes, and reduce the risk of patient harm. This study compares the efficacy of two innovative practical skill teaching methods, against a traditional teaching method. Year three pre-clinical physiotherapy students consented to participate in a…

  19. Core Practices for Teaching History: The Results of a Delphi Panel Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogo, Bradley

    2014-01-01

    Recent education literature and research has focused on identifying effective core teaching practices to inform and help shape teacher education and professional development. Although a rich literature on the teaching and learning of history has continued to develop over the past decade, core practice research has largely overlooked…

  20. Core Practices for Teaching History: The Results of a Delphi Panel Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogo, Bradley

    2014-01-01

    Recent education literature and research has focused on identifying effective core teaching practices to inform and help shape teacher education and professional development. Although a rich literature on the teaching and learning of history has continued to develop over the past decade, core practice research has largely overlooked…

  1. Mixed-Integer Linear Programming Models for Teaching Assistant Assignment and Extensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaobo Qu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we develop mixed-integer linear programming models for assigning the most appropriate teaching assistants to the tutorials in a department. The objective is to maximize the number of tutorials that are taught by the most suitable teaching assistants, accounting for the fact that different teaching assistants have different capabilities and each teaching assistant’s teaching load cannot exceed a maximum value. Moreover, with optimization models, the teaching load allocation, a time-consuming process, does not need to be carried out in a manual manner. We have further presented a number of extensions that capture more practical considerations. Extensive numerical experiments show that the optimization models can be solved by an off-the-shelf solver and used by departments in universities.

  2. Models of Teaching: Connecting Student Learning with Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dell'Olio, Jeanine M.; Donk, Tony

    2007-01-01

    "Models of Teaching: Connecting Student Learning with Standards" features classic and contemporary models of teaching appropriate to elementary and secondary settings. Authors Jeanine M. Dell'Olio and Tony Donk use detailed case studies to discuss 10 models of teaching and demonstrate how the models can incorporate state content standards and…

  3. Construction of Practice - oriented Teaching Model for Scientific Papers Writing%科技论文写作课程教学之实践导向模式的建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许杰; 杨基和

    2012-01-01

    Scientific Papers Writing (SPW), as one of the most important electives for college students of polytechnic, possesses dual teaching requirements,namely liberal writing skills as well as scientifically analytic techniques. However, corresponding textbooks and methods of contemporary course of SPW lag far behind the demand of current teaching. Several methods including modifying the textbook, training and discussion and simulation of reviewing have implemented into the reform of the teaching methods of the SPW based on practice. Theoretical knowledge and practical application have been combined, which has successfully stimulated students' interest and simultaneously improved their perceptual knowledge of SPW.%科技论文写作课程兼顾文科写作技巧和理科分析技能双重教学要求,是理工科学生的一门重要选修课。然而,目前的教科书编排内容和教学方式滞后于时代发展。以实践为导向,通过增删教学内容、开展训练讨论、模拟审稿流程等多种方式,对传统教学方法进行了改革。整合理论知识与实际应用,提高了学生对科技论文写作的学习兴趣和感性认识。

  4. Interim Report on Survey of Teaching Practices In Developing Countries

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    Schiefelbein, Ernesto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper illustrates a research method appropriate for researchers examining teaching practices and teacher training in poor countries. The method of research described here does not compare with large scale studies in terms of sample size, scientific rigor, and sophisticated statistical analysis. We believe, however, that it can, provide valid information sufficient in accuracy for policy making. Most importantly, we believe, this method offers a feasible way for national researchers to explore why teachers teach as they do in their country. A fundamental assumption is that once in the classroom most teachers learn little more about teaching. In the absence of any systematic feedback or self-reflection on their experiences, they persist in using practices learned in their initial training. On that basis we invited colleagues in a number of countries to share observations on how teachers teach. The compiled results provide an explanation for low levels of learning in many developing country schools. We then propose a second-stage research that collects information on teacher training practices. Este artículo propone un método efectivo para investigar prácticas docentes en países pobres donde es difícil conseguir buena información sobre lo que sucede en el aula. La metodología de esta investigación se distingue de investigaciones convencionales en el tamaño de la muestra, rigor científico y uso de técnicas estadísticas sofisticadas. Creemos sin embargo que puede ofrecer una información válida y suficiente para la toma de decisiones sobre políticas educativas. Es muy importante señalar que este método permitiría que investigadores nacionales, que cuenten con pocos recursos, puedan explorar la práctica docente que se emplea en su país. Un supuesto fundamental de la investigación es que una vez que el maestro empieza a enseñar en una escuela deja de aprender prácticas nuevas o más efectivas ya que carece de supervisi

  5. The Quantum Atomic Model "Electronium": A Successful Teaching Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budde, Marion; Niedderer, Hans; Scott, Philip; Leach, John

    2002-01-01

    Focuses on the quantum atomic model Electronium. Outlines the Bremen teaching approach in which this model is used, and analyzes the learning of two students as they progress through the teaching unit. (Author/MM)

  6. Voltammetry as a Model for Teaching Chemical Instrumentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunasingham, H.; Ang, K. P.

    1985-01-01

    Voltammetry is used as a model for teaching chemical instrumentation to chemistry undergraduates at the National University of Singapore. Lists six criteria used to select a successful teaching model and shows how voltammetry satisfies each criterion. (JN)

  7. Teaching Practices from America's Best Urban Schools: A Guide for School and Classroom Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Joseph F., Jr.; Perez, Lynne G.; Uline, Cynthia L.

    2013-01-01

    Discover the teaching practices that make the biggest difference in student performance! This practical, research-based book gives principals, teachers, and school administrators a direct, inside look at instructional practices from top award-winning urban schools. The authors provide detailed examples and analyses of these practices, and…

  8. An Investigation of the Practice of Effective Teaching Strategies in Three Islamic Senior High Schools in South Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia Aida

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Some research has argued that effective teachers significantly influence students’ performance. However, becoming effective teachers are not easy because they have to apply some strategies of effective teaching. For that reason, this paper intends to investigate whether  teachers from three Islamic Senior High Schools in South Jakarta practice effective teaching strategies. These schools have been considered good due to  the high mean score of English subject in Ujian Nasional. The framework of effective teaching follows the model developed by Creemers and Kyriakides, which relate teacher behavior in the classroom and student achievement . The framework consists of orientation, structuring, questioning, teaching modeling, applications, teacher role in making classroom a learning environment, management of time, and classroom assessment.

  9. Teaching and learning care--exploring nursing students' clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solvoll, Betty-Ann; Heggen, Kristin M

    2010-01-01

    Care has always been a key element of nursing. This paper presents findings from research on the following issue: What opportunities and limitations do nursing students encounter when learning nursing care? The study has a qualitative design with field methodology and the study of documents. Six nursing students have been closely monitored during their clinical studies in hospitals, nursing homes and home-based nursing. The study shows that nursing students are likely to possess the potential to provide care for sick and unknown people. The motivation for their commitment to patients may contain an egoistical orientation and runs contrary to former ideals of the nurse's self-sacrificing altruism. Moreover the study shows that there is a potential in the clinical field and in the university college to reflective considerations on experience of care. While clinical practice often has focus on practical problem-solving and procedures, the college tends to focus on abstract theory. Both of these promote the privatisation and neglect of the students' experience of care. The paper concludes with a call for teaching and learning strategies targeting the use of nursing students' personal experience of care.

  10. Teaching Parents Enhanced Milieu Teaching with Words and Signs Using the Teach-Model-Coach-Review Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Courtney A.; Kaiser, Ann P.

    2017-01-01

    Measuring treatment fidelity is an essential step in research designed to increase the use of evidence-based practices. For parent-implemented communication interventions, measuring the implementation of the teaching and coaching provided to the parents is as critical as measuring the parents' delivery of the intervention to the child. Both levels…

  11. [Nursing observation chart: between the objectives targeted by this model and actual practice, where should we place the reflective process of the nurse? Results of the study. Future prospects of teaching tools].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripoche, Sébastien

    2012-09-01

    The research presented below examines the focus charting model in French nursing practice. Between the objectives targeted by this model and actual practice, where to place the reflective process of the nurse? To answer this question, the methodology used is the comprehensive approach. It is characterized by the production of semi-structured interviews of nurses using the model studied, but also by the in situ observation of practices. The results show that nurses engaged a reflexive process in the use of the focus charting model. This reflexive process is "in" the action rather than "on" or "for" the action. Nurse's position vis a vis at their disposal is investigated.

  12. Triangular model integrating clinical teaching and assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelaziz A

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Adel Abdelaziz,1,2 Emad Koshak3 1Medical Education Development Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Al Baha University, Al Baha, Saudi Arabia; 2Medical Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt; 3Dean and Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al Baha University, Al Baha, Saudi Arabia Abstract: Structuring clinical teaching is a challenge facing medical education curriculum designers. A variety of instructional methods on different domains of learning are indicated to accommodate different learning styles. Conventional methods of clinical teaching, like training in ambulatory care settings, are prone to the factor of coincidence in having varieties of patient presentations. Accordingly, alternative methods of instruction are indicated to compensate for the deficiencies of these conventional methods. This paper presents an initiative that can be used to design a checklist as a blueprint to guide appropriate selection and implementation of teaching/learning and assessment methods in each of the educational courses and modules based on educational objectives. Three categories of instructional methods were identified, and within each a variety of methods were included. These categories are classroom-type settings, health services-based settings, and community service-based settings. Such categories have framed our triangular model of clinical teaching and assessment. Keywords: curriculum development, teaching, learning, assessment, apprenticeship, community-based settings, health service-based settings

  13. Teaching the geological subsurface with 3D models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorpe, Steve; Ward, Emma

    2014-05-01

    3D geological models have great potential as a resource when teaching geological concepts as it allows the student to visualise and interrogate UK geology. They are especially useful when dealing with the conversion of 2D field, map and GIS outputs into three dimensional geological units, which is a common problem for many students. Today's earth science students use a variety of skills and processes during their learning experience including spatial thinking, image construction, detecting patterns, making predictions and deducing the orientation of themselves. 3D geological models can reinforce spatial thinking strategies and encourage students to think about processes and properties, in turn helping the student to recognise pre-learnt geological principles in the field and to convert what they see at the surface into a picture of what is going on at depth. The British Geological Survey (BGS) has been producing digital 3D geological models for over 10 years. The models produced are revolutionising the working practices, data standards and products of the BGS. Sharing our geoscience information with academia is highlighted throughout the BGS strategy as is instilling practical skills in future geoscience professionals, such as model building and interpretation. In 2009 a project was launched to investigate the potential of the models as a teaching resource. The study included justifying if and how the models help students to learn, how models have been used historically, and how other forms of modelling are being used today. BGS now produce 3D geological models for use by anyone teaching or learning geoscience. They incorporate educational strategies that will develop geospatial skills and alleviate potential problems that some students experience. They are contained within contemporary case studies and show standard geological concepts, structures, sedimentary rocks, cross sections and field techniques. 3D geological models of the Isle of Wight and Ingleborough

  14. Teaching evidence based practice and research through blended learning to undergraduate midwifery students from a practice based perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mary, Sidebotham; Julie, Jomeen; Jennifer, Gamble

    2014-03-01

    The international world of higher education is changing with universities now offering students flexible delivery options that allow them to study away from campus and at a time convenient to them. Some students prefer on line learning while others prefer face to face contact offered through a traditional lecture and tutorial delivery modes. The response by many universities is to offer a blend of both. While online and blended mode of delivery may be suitable for some subjects there is little knowledge of the efficacy of blended learning models to teach evidence based practice and research (EBPR) to undergraduate midwifery students. EBPR is a challenging, threshold level subject upon which deeper knowledge and skills are built. This paper describes the design, delivery, and evaluation of an undergraduate EBPR course delivered in blended mode to first year midwifery students. Components of the blended learning innovation included: novel teaching strategies, engaging practical activities, role play, and e-learning strategies to maintain engagement. University-based course evaluation outcomes revealed very positive scores and the course was rated within the top ten percent of all courses offered within the Health Group at the host University.

  15. Teaching trainers to incorporate evidence-based medicine (EBM teaching in clinical practice: the EU-EBM project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaleta Anna

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Evidence based medicine (EBM is considered an integral part of medical training, but integration of teaching various EBM steps in everyday clinical practice is uncommon. Currently EBM is predominantly taught through theoretical courses, workshops and e-learning. However, clinical teachers lack confidence in teaching EBM in workplace and are often unsure of the existing opportunities for teaching EBM in the clinical setting. There is a need for continuing professional development (CPD courses that train clinical trainers to teach EBM through on-the-job training by demonstration of applied EBM real time in clinical practice. We developed such a course to encourage clinically relevant teaching of EBM in post-graduate education in various clinical environments. Methods We devised an e-learning course targeting trainers with EBM knowledge to impart educational methods needed to teach application of EBM teaching in commonly used clinical settings. The curriculum development group comprised experienced EBM teachers, clinical epidemiologists, clinicians and educationalists from institutions in seven European countries. The e-learning sessions were designed to allow participants (teachers to undertake the course in the workplace during short breaks within clinical activities. An independent European steering committee provided input into the process. Results The curriculum defined specific learning objectives for teaching EBM by exploiting educational opportunities in six different clinical settings. The e-modules incorporated video clips that demonstrate practical and effective methods of EBM teaching in everyday clinical practice. The course encouraged focussed teaching activities embedded within a trainer's personal learning plan and documentation in a CPD portfolio for reflection. Conclusion This curriculum will help senior clinicians to identify and make the best use of available opportunities in everyday practice in clinical

  16. Communities of practice in nursing academia: a growing need to practice what we teach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risling, Tracie; Ferguson, Linda

    2013-08-22

    Although the community of practice (CoP) concept has been heavily utilized in business literature since its inception in the 1990s, it has not been significantly featured in nursing research. With student-centered approaches increasingly infusing nursing classrooms, including opportunities for collaborative learning and the development of student learning communities, it may be time to ask: Do we practice what we teach? Nursing academia faces challenges related to recruitment and retention, scholarly productivity and engagement of new faculty, and increasing demands for collaborative research. Challenges, some would argue, that could be addressed through CoPs; a sentiment reflected in the recent expansion of nursing CoP literature. What is the current state of the application of this concept in nursing academia and what barriers present in the promotion and development of CoPs in the academy? This article addresses these questions and provides guidance for those in search of community.

  17. An Investigation of Science Teaching Practices in Indonesian Rural Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahyudi; Treagust, David F.

    2004-08-01

    This study reports on teaching practices in science classrooms of Indonesian lower secondary schools in rural areas. Using six schools from three districts in the province of Kalimantan Selatan as the sample, this study found that most teaching practices in science classrooms in rural schools were teacher-centred with students copying notes. However, the study also found unique teaching practices of an exemplary science teacher whose teaching style can be described as both student-centred and teacher-centred, with students encouraged to be active learners. Four features of exemplary teaching practices were identified: The teacher managed the classroom effectively; used a variety of questioning techniques; employed various teaching approaches instead of traditional methods; and created a favourable learning environment. Data from classroom observations, interviews with teachers, and students responses to a questionnaire were used to compare the exemplary teacher and his colleagues. This study identified internal factors that may affect teaching practices such as a teachers content knowledge and beliefs about teaching. Compared to the other teachers, the exemplary teacher possessed more content knowledge and had a relatively stronger belief in his ability to teach.

  18. The Learning-Teaching Nexus: Modelling the Learning-Teaching Relationship in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knewstubb, Bernadette

    2016-01-01

    The teaching-learning relationship is often described as a conversation. However, many models of teaching and learning depict the worlds of teacher and learner as enclosed and inaccessible, linked by apparently transferred communicative meanings. A new interdisciplinary learning-teaching nexus (LTN) model combines perspectives from higher…

  19. Teaching culture in Colombia Bilingüe: From theory to practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamith José Fandiño Parra

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The main topic of this paper is concerned with the incorporation of culture into foreign language learning (EFL classes within the context of “Colombia Bilingüe”. More specifically, some consideration will be given to what culture is, how it can be taught and what Colombian authors have maintained in terms of its practicality and implementation. It will be suggested that teaching culture is not tantamount to promoting an English sociocultural domination or adapting ethnocentric practices, but mainly approaching and reflecting on one’s and others’ beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors, which are intertwined with language itself. Furthermore, an attempt will be made to point out both the difficulties and complexities that Colombian EFL teachers need to be able to cope with when working with culture in their classes. The main premise of the paper is that effective teaching of culture can be achieved if the Colombian EFL community strives to construct a coherent discourse that allows developing teaching models and learning experiences within the theoretical framework of the postmethod condition, world Englishes, and critical multiculturalism.

  20. The Challenges of Using Horses for Practical Teaching Purposes in Veterinary Programmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriella Gronqvist

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Students enrolled in veterinary degrees often come from an urban background with little previous experience in handling horses and other large animals. Many veterinary degree programmes place importance on the teaching of appropriate equine handling skills, yet within the literature it is commonly reported that time allocated for practical classes often suffers due to time constraint pressure from other elements of the curriculum. The effect of this pressure on animal handling teaching time is reflected in the self-reported low level of animal handling competency, particularly equine, in students with limited prior experience with horses. This is a concern as a naive student is potentially at higher risk of injury to themselves when interacting with horses. Additionally, a naive student with limited understanding of equine behaviour may, through inconsistent or improper handling, increase the anxiety and compromise the welfare of these horses. There is a lack of literature investigating the welfare of horses in university teaching facilities, appropriate handling procedures, and student safety. This article focuses on the importance for students to be able to interpret equine behaviour and the potential consequences of poor handling skills to equine and student welfare. Lastly, the authors suggest a conceptual model to optimise equine welfare, and subsequently student safety, during practical equine handling classes.

  1. A comparison of observed teaching practices with teacher perceptions of their teaching during and following major funding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimble, Larry Lee

    The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine how the teaching practices of eight exemplary Iowa teachers changed over time (1994--1999); (2) to investigate discrepancies between the perceptions of teaching compared with actual performance of these behaviors exhibited in videotapes of their teaching; and (3) to determine how STS/Constructivist teaching behaviors changed after major NSF funding. Data were collected at multiple times over a five year period. Quantitative data included use of the ESTEEM for evaluating three consecutive days of "best" teaching on the part of the eight teachers. The TPI and CLES were used for measuring perceptions of the teachers. Interviews concerning classrooms and teaching practices were conducted. Assessment and teaching methods were also reviewed. Major findings include: (1) Teaching practices indicate that all eight teachers achieved expert status in all four areas measured by the ESTEEM. These include (1) facilitating the learning process from a constructivist perspective; (2) content-specific pedagogy related to student understanding; (3) adjustments in strategies based on interactions with the students; and (4) teacher knowledge of subject matter. Constructivist practices improved significantly at each data sampling over the studied period (significant at the .05 level). (2) Teacher perceptions of their constructivist teaching practices as measured by the TPI and CLES were very high. This was especially true for the CLES where five areas of constructivist teaching were evaluated, namely: (1) personal relevance; (2) scientific uncertainty; (3) critical voice; (4) shared control, and (5) student negotiations. The perceptions continued to improve over the studied period (significant at the .05 level). (3) Similarities between teacher observed practices and their perceptions of their teaching were noted. In many cases, the actual practices were observed to be better. (4) The teachers improved regarding wait-time between teacher

  2. Measurements of Student and Teacher Perceptions of Co-Teaching Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeley, Randa G.

    2015-01-01

    Co-teaching is an accepted teaching model for inclusive classrooms. This study measured the perceptions of both students and teachers regarding the five most commonly used co-teaching models (i.e., One Teach/One Assist, Station Teaching, Alternative Teaching, Parallel Teaching, and Team Teaching). Additionally, this study compared student…

  3. Classroom Practices in Teaching English--1965-66: A Third Report of the NCTE Committee to Report Promising Practices in the Teaching of English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Council of Teachers of English, Champaign, IL.

    The 13 articles in this report fall into four categories: programs for the culturally disadvantaged, teaching composition, curriculum revision, and detailed classroom practices. Mildred A. Dawson outlines compensatory programs used in Sacramento, California, to prevent drop-outs; Lois Grose concentrates on the pattern-practice method of teaching…

  4. The ESL classroom teaching, critical practice, and community development

    CERN Document Server

    Morgan, Brian D

    1998-01-01

    Brian Morgan uses his own teaching experience in Canada and China to investigate the complexities of teaching English as a second language to those newly arrived in Canada and to suggest ways of becoming a more effective ESL teacher.

  5. Some Practical Distinctions between Preaching, Teaching, and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pestel, Beverly C.

    1988-01-01

    Describes some of the teaching techniques found to be effective for educating students and combatting scientific illiteracy. Presents instructional methods developed for implementing learner-oriented educational philosophies and interactive teaching strategies. (RT)

  6. Physical models for classroom teaching in hydrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodhe, A.

    2012-09-01

    Hydrology teaching benefits from the fact that many important processes can be illustrated and explained with simple physical models. A set of mobile physical models has been developed and used during many years of lecturing at basic university level teaching in hydrology. One model, with which many phenomena can be demonstrated, consists of a 1.0-m-long plexiglass container containing an about 0.25-m-deep open sand aquifer through which water is circulated. The model can be used for showing the groundwater table and its influence on the water content in the unsaturated zone and for quantitative determination of hydraulic properties such as the storage coefficient and the saturated hydraulic conductivity. It is also well suited for discussions on the runoff process and the significance of recharge and discharge areas for groundwater. The flow paths of water and contaminant dispersion can be illustrated in tracer experiments using fluorescent or colour dye. This and a few other physical models, with suggested demonstrations and experiments, are described in this article. The finding from using models in classroom teaching is that it creates curiosity among the students, promotes discussions and most likely deepens the understanding of the basic processes.

  7. Middle school science teachers' perspectives and practices of teaching through inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Harry Alton

    This research examined middle school teachers' perspectives and practices of teaching through inquiry and the effect of a professional development institute on effecting change in those teachers' perspectives and practices. The professional development institute consisted of 16 days of content and pedagogical instruction, practice teaching, and reflection. Teachers' perspectives of inquiry were established through semi-structured interviews, journals, and written reflections. Teacher practices were assessed through analysis of videotaped lessons using a rubric designed to measure reformed teaching. Teachers' perspectives of inquiry were compared to their practices and to the National Science Education Standards. Through qualitative and quantitative analysis of data it has been found that teacher change is very complex. Professional development must address teacher beliefs, practices, and curriculum. Teachers can adopt the language of reform and imitate reform practices through the use of reform-based curriculum; however, for substantial change in classroom practice to occur, teachers must believe that all students are capable of learning through inquiry.

  8. Teaching Manuals and the Blackboard: Accessing Historical Classroom Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wylie, Caitlin Donahue

    2012-01-01

    The blackboard, a useful teaching tool in nineteenth-century England, was transformed into a teaching necessity in the decades following 1870, when the Education Acts made school free and mandatory for all children. The resulting huge population of schoolchildren inspired the development of teaching techniques appropriate for large-group learning.…

  9. Teaching Manuals and the Blackboard: Accessing Historical Classroom Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wylie, Caitlin Donahue

    2012-01-01

    The blackboard, a useful teaching tool in nineteenth-century England, was transformed into a teaching necessity in the decades following 1870, when the Education Acts made school free and mandatory for all children. The resulting huge population of schoolchildren inspired the development of teaching techniques appropriate for large-group learning.…

  10. Bilingual Teaching Research and Practice of Complex Function Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Lixin

    2011-01-01

    Mathematics bilingual teaching is assisted in Chinese with English teaching, and gradually enables students to independently use English to learn, study, reflect and exchange Mathematics. In order to better carry out mathematics teaching, department of mathematics in Dezhou University forms discussion groups and launches bilingual teaching…

  11. Conceptualizing Conceptual Teaching: Practical Strategies for Large Instrumental Ensembles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Leonard

    2016-01-01

    Half a century ago, calls had already been made for instrumental ensemble directors to move beyond performance to include the teaching of musical concepts in the rehearsal hall. Relatively recent research, however, suggests that conceptual teaching remains relatively infrequent during rehearsals. Given the importance of teaching for long-term…

  12. 浅析高校实践教学模式的构建%A Brief Analysis on the Construction of University Prac-tice Teaching Modes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄燕萍

    2015-01-01

    文章主要论述了高校实践教学的内涵,分析了目前高校实践教学的问题,并从课堂理论讲授、专业技能培养和企业实训平台三方面提出高校实践教学模式的思路,最后提出实践教学模式顺利实施的保障措施。%The paper mainly discusses the connotation of univer-sity practice teaching, analyzes the current problems of university practice teaching, puts forward ideas for the model of university practice teaching from classroom theory instruction, professional skills cultivation and enterprise training platform, and finally proposes measures to ensure the successful implementation of the practice teaching model.

  13. Secondary Teachers' Conceptions and Practices of Assessment Models: The Case for Mathematics Teachers in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Duwairi, Ahmed

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed at investigating the extent to which secondary schools mathematics teachers practice to assessment models in their mathematics teaching and learning. Definitely, the study aimed at answering the following questions: (1) To what extent do secondary schools mathematics teachers practice each of the assessment models in their…

  14. Best practice eye care models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qureshi, Babar M; Mansur, Rabiu; Al-Rajhi, Abdulaziz; Lansingh, Van; Eckert, Kristen; Hassan, Kunle; Ravilla, Thulasiraj; Muhit, Mohammad; Khanna, Rohit C; Ismat, Chaudhry

    2012-01-01

    Since the launching of Global Initiative, VISION 2020 “the Right to Sight” many innovative, practical and unique comprehensive eye care services provision models have evolved targeting the underserved populations in different parts of the World. At places the rapid assessment of the burden of eye diseases in confined areas or utilizing the key informants for identification of eye diseases in the communities are promoted for better planning and evidence based advocacy for getting / allocation of resources for eye care. Similarly for detection and management of diabetes related blindness, retinopathy of prematurity and avoidable blindness at primary level, the major obstacles are confronted in reaching to them in a cost effective manner and then management of the identified patients accordingly. In this regard, the concept of tele-ophthalmology model sounds to be the best solution. Whereas other models on comprehensive eye care services provision have been emphasizing on surgical output through innovative scales of economy that generate income for the program and ensure its sustainability, while guaranteeing treatment of the poorest of the poor. PMID:22944741

  15. Change and obduracy in university teaching practices: tracing agency in professional development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Hannon

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Research into effectiveness of teaching practices and professional development invites questions of teaching and learning change: how it takes effect and is accounted for, and where its agency is claimed and contested across a range of institutional, disciplinary and pedagogical actors. This article investigates change in teaching practices and professional development through the notion of obduracy (Law, 2003: ordered arrangements that persist in the background and surface in a process of change. In focussing on practice as the object of inquiry, this study is part of a shift away from the study of professional learning drawing on individualist, cognitive traditions towards practice-oriented understandings of change and agency as an effect of social and material arrangements. The setting for this study of teaching practice is two disciplinary academic collectives, or workgroups, in one Australian university. Rather than approaching change as a human-centred and intentional process, the method of sociomaterial tracing was applied to teaching practice undergoing an institutional change process. The study highlights the process in which change is assembled, resisted or accomplished through heterogeneous networks of curriculum, discourses, technologies, and policies. Teaching and learning change, it is argued, involves recognising how obduracy is embedded in distinct networks across the university. The contribution of this study is to draw attention to the agentic role of materials and spaces in the negotiation and stabilisation of teaching practices and in approaches to professional development. 

  16. Effects of the learning assistant model on teacher practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Kara E.; Webb, David C.; Otero, Valerie K.

    2016-12-01

    Through the transformation of undergraduate STEM courses, the Colorado Learning Assistant Program recruits and prepares talented STEM majors for careers in teaching by providing them with early, sustained teaching experiences. The research reported here compares teaching practices of K-12 teachers who served as learning assistants (LAs) as undergraduates to colleagues that were certified through the same teacher certification program but did not serve as LAs. Observations of teacher practices revealed that former LAs used significantly more reformed teaching practices than their colleagues, especially in their first year of teaching. These results suggest the LA Program serves as a valuable supplement to traditional teacher certification programs.

  17. Is It Practical to Adopt Communicative Language Teaching in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2008-01-01

    @@ Language is a means of communication.No doubt that foreign language teaching is to cultivate students' communicative competence of using a foreign language.As the country with the largest population learning English in the world,China is deeply involved in communicative language teaching.Communicative approach in English language teaching is frequently discussed and debated.It is believed by many linguists and teachers to be an effective method to solve some of the teaching and learning problems.But as far as the effective ways of teaching and learning a foreign language is concerned,people have some controversial ideas.The teaching method which have been used in China's English teaching were: grammar-translation method,listening and speaking method and situation method.

  18. 管理科学双语教学的研究与实践%Study and Practice of "Management Science" Bilingual Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张曦

    2011-01-01

    Based on the study and practice of "Management Science" bilingual teaching,the author develops teaching model,teaching method,exam approach and the teaching book,contributes a lot in teaching reform of "Management Science",and gives the valuable and practical experience to bilingual teaching of major courses in the institutions of higher education.%通过管理科学课程双语教学的实践与研究,探索出了适合这门课程的双语教学模式、授课形式、教材、考试方法等,为管理科学的教学改革尤其为高校专业课程的双语教学提供了宝贵的教学实践经验。

  19. Conceptions and Practices in Teaching and Learning: Implications for the Evaluation of Teaching Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zerihun, Zenawi; Beishuizen, Jos; Van Os, Willem

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted in two public universities in Ethiopia to assess the impact of conceptions of teaching and learning on the evaluation of teaching quality. Students' and teachers' approaches to teaching and learning and their conceptions of the meaning of teaching have been examined. Results indicated that both teachers and students…

  20. Teaching Incision and Drainage: Perceived Educational Value of Abscess Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Cynthia M; Nigrovic, Lise E; Hayes, Gavin; Weinstock, Peter H; Nagler, Joshua

    2017-07-17

    Incision and drainage (I&D) of skin abscesses is an important procedural skill for pediatric emergency medicine providers. Practical skills training using simulation provides an opportunity to learn and gain confidence with this invasive procedure. Our objective was to assess the perceived educational value of 2 versions of an abscess model as part of an educational workshop for teaching I&D. A combined didactic and practical skills workshop was developed for use at 2 national conferences. The didactic content was created through an iterative process. To facilitate hands-on training, 2 versions of an abscess model were created: 1 constructed from a negative mold and the other using a 3-dimensional printer. Participants were surveyed regarding prior experience with I&D, procedural confidence, and perceptions of the educational utility of the models. Seventy physicians and 75 nurse practitioners participated in the study. Procedural confidence improved after training using each version of the model, with the greatest improvements noted among novice learners. Ninety-four percent of physicians, and 99% of nurse practitioners rated the respective models as either "educational" or "very educational," and 97% and 100%, respectively, would recommend the abscess models to others. A combined didactic and practical skills educational workshop using novel abscess models was effective at improving learners' confidence. Our novel models provide an effective strategy for teaching procedural skills such as I&D and demonstrate a novel use of 3-dimensional printers in medical education. Further study is needed to determine if these educational gains translate into improvement in clinical performance or patient outcomes.

  1. Decision story strategy: a practical approach for teaching decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, D L; Hamrick, M H; Anspaugh, D J

    1981-12-01

    Teachers are usually very enthusiastic in their evaluations of decision stories. Decision Story Strategies offer a change of pace, promote student involvement and stimulate creative thinking, problem solving and everpresent creative teaching-learning opportunities. The real-life problems presented within the structure of a decision story provide meaningful learning opportunities for students. Students begin to think in a broader perspective when considering other points of view and information sources. The Decision Story Strategy used with the Decision-Making Model provides a powerful tool for health educators to develop skills for making and evaluating decisions in an interesting and meaningful context. It may not be a panacea for all health educators, but is an effective strategy for the teacher concerned with developing independent decision makers. Most importantly, students are provided opportunities to solve their present problems as well as develop decision-making skills for the future.

  2. On the Practical Teaching Model of Tourism Economic Courses Based on Learning Transfer%基于学习迁移的旅游经济类课程实践教学模式构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高科; 刘海洋

    2014-01-01

    本文引入教育学中的学习迁移理论,构建了旅游经济类课程的实践教学模式,将知识习得过程分为自发性认知、课堂教学认知、专业考察认知、职业实践认知等四个前后相继的学习迁移环节。在每一个迁移环节中,注重以问题为导向的探索性研究方法运用。%By inntroducing the theory of learning transfer, this paper constructs a practical teaching mode of the tourism economics which divided the learning thansfer process into four successive section, namely, spontaneous cognition, cognition of classroom teaching, pro-fessional cognition and professional practice cognition. In every process of tansfering, the exploratory-oriented research method should be used.

  3. Critically Reflective Pedagogical Model: a Pragmatic Blueprint for Enhancing Learning and Teaching in Construction Disciplines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imriyas Kamardeen

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available University lecturers who aspire to provide an improved learning experience for their students continually, and be recognised for high quality teaching should embrace a critically reflective practice. Nonetheless, developing as a reflective lecturer is challenging, although there are pedagogical literatures as general guidelines. This study introduces a new pedagogical model of critically reflective practice to simplify the efforts for lecturers and to shorten their journey to becoming effective teachers. A two-phased action research strategy was adopted for the development and validation of the new model. The first phase operationalised the Brookfield’s four-lens framework to create a reflective teaching practice model, which was then validated with a case study in the second phase. The model offers a pragmatic blueprint for lecturers to build a career with sustained quality of teaching, which in turn translates into improved learning experiences for students.

  4. Modeling Sources of Teaching Self-Efficacy for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Graduate Teaching Assistants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeChenne, Sue Ellen; Koziol, Natalie; Needham, Mark; Enochs, Larry

    2015-01-01

    Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have a large impact on undergraduate instruction but are often poorly prepared to teach. Teaching self-efficacy, an instructor's belief in his or her ability to teach specific student populations a specific subject, is an important predictor of teaching skill and student achievement. A model of sources of teaching self-efficacy is developed from the GTA literature. This model indicates that teaching experience, departmental teaching climate (including peer and supervisor relationships), and GTA professional development (PD) can act as sources of teaching self-efficacy. The model is pilot tested with 128 GTAs from nine different STEM departments at a midsized research university. Structural equation modeling reveals that K-12 teaching experience, hours and perceived quality of GTA PD, and perception of the departmental facilitating environment are significant factors that explain 32% of the variance in the teaching self-efficacy of STEM GTAs. This model highlights the important contributions of the departmental environment and GTA PD in the development of teaching self-efficacy for STEM GTAs.

  5. Modeling Sources of Teaching Self-Efficacy for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Graduate Teaching Assistants

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeChenne, Sue Ellen; Koziol, Natalie; Needham, Mark; Enochs, Larry

    2015-01-01

    Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have a large impact on undergraduate instruction but are often poorly prepared to teach. Teaching self-efficacy, an instructor’s belief in his or her ability to teach specific student populations a specific subject, is an important predictor of teaching skill and student achievement. A model of sources of teaching self-efficacy is developed from the GTA literature. This model indicates that teaching experience, departmental teaching climate (including peer and supervisor relationships), and GTA professional development (PD) can act as sources of teaching self-efficacy. The model is pilot tested with 128 GTAs from nine different STEM departments at a midsized research university. Structural equation modeling reveals that K–12 teaching experience, hours and perceived quality of GTA PD, and perception of the departmental facilitating environment are significant factors that explain 32% of the variance in the teaching self-efficacy of STEM GTAs. This model highlights the important contributions of the departmental environment and GTA PD in the development of teaching self-efficacy for STEM GTAs. PMID:26250562

  6. Improving Group Work Practices in Teaching Life Sciences: Trialogical Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tammeorg, Priit; Mykkänen, Anna; Rantamäki, Tomi; Lakkala, Minna; Muukkonen, Hanni

    2017-08-01

    Trialogical learning, a collaborative and iterative knowledge creation process using real-life artefacts or problems, familiarizes students with working life environments and aims to teach skills required in the professional world. We target one of the major limitation factors for optimal trialogical learning in university settings, inefficient group work. We propose a course design combining effective group working practices with trialogical learning principles in life sciences. We assess the usability of our design in (a) a case study on crop science education and (b) a questionnaire for university teachers in life science fields. Our approach was considered useful and supportive of the learning process by all the participants in the case study: the students, the stakeholders and the facilitator. Correspondingly, a group of university teachers expressed that the trialogical approach and the involvement of stakeholders could promote efficient learning. In our case in life sciences, we identified the key issues in facilitating effective group work to be the design of meaningful tasks and the allowance of sufficient time to take action based on formative feedback. Even though trialogical courses can be time consuming, the experience of applying knowledge in real-life cases justifies using the approach, particularly for students just about to enter their professional careers.

  7. Developing Empirically Based Models of Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blythe, Betty J.; Briar, Scott

    1985-01-01

    Over the last decade emphasis has shifted from theoretically based models of practice to empirically based models whose elements are derived from clinical research. These models are defined and a developing model of practice through the use of single-case methodology is examined. Potential impediments to this new role are identified. (Author/BL)

  8. Simulation in resuscitation teaching and training, an evidence based practice review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahu Sandeep

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In the management of a patient in cardiac arrest, it is sometimes the least experienced provider giving chest compressions, intubating the patient, and running the code during the most crucial moment in that patient′s life. Traditional methods of educating residents and medical students using lectures and bedside teaching are no longer sufficient. Today′s generation of trainees grew up in a multimedia environment, learning on the electronic method of learning (online, internet instead of reading books. It is unreasonable to expect the educational model developed 50 years ago to be able to adequately train the medical students and residents of today. One area that is difficult to teach is the diagnosis and management of the critically ill patient, specifically who require resuscitation for cardiac emergencies and cardiac arrest. Patient simulation has emerged as an educational tool that allows the learner to practice patient care, away from the bedside, in a controlled and safe environment, giving the learner the opportunity to practice the educational principles of deliberate practice and self-refection. We performed a qualitative literature review of the uses of simulators in resuscitation training with a focus on their current and potential applications in cardiac arrest and emergencies.

  9. College Teaching Quality Evaluation Based on System Dynamics Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Kang-ning

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the main factors that influence the teaching quality and the cause and effect relationship between them, using system dynamics to establish the evaluation model of teaching quality in Colleges and universities. Taking a college A for example, this model is induced in the simulation of teaching quality, then the change process of teaching quality and feedback mechanism between these effective factors is proposed, as well as the teaching quality change under different policy parameters. And with the purpose of improving teaching quality, some measures are put forward, including staff quality, management quality, organization quality and environment quality.

  10. Training Graduate Teaching Assistants in the Geosciences: Our Practices vs. Perceived Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teasdale, R.; Ryker, K.; Bitting, K. S.

    2016-12-01

    Graduate Teaching Assistants (GTAs) in the geosciences are responsible for teaching a large proportion of undergraduate students in many universities. Often, GTAs are primary instructors in small laboratory sections of large enrollment courses, putting them in the position of having a more personalized relationship with students, in what is often the most interactive portion of an introductory course. Anecdotally, geoscientists recognize that GTAs also have a broad range of responsibilities, but there is wide variation in the content and timing of the training they receive. Until now, no comprehensive survey has been conducted to capture and analyze this distribution in a systematic way. Data from a nationwide survey of 120 geoscientists is used here to characterize the ways GTAs are trained as well as respondents' priorities for GTA training. Respondents include faculty from PhD- and MS- granting institutions (81.4%) and MS-only granting institutions (18.5%). According to the survey, most GTAs teach laboratory sections (95.6%), and many teach lecture sections (38.9%). In many cases, GTAs support instructors during or outside of the "lecture" section (e.g. grading, 77.1%). Of GTAs who teach lecture or lab sections, most receive required training from their department or the university, commonly on a single day just before the start of the semester. GTA training typically includes logistical information (where to find materials, professionalism), but less than 40% of GTAs are required to participate in pedagogical training. In contrast, pedagogy was most often rated very important or important (74.2%) by survey respondents. The disconnect between the geoscience community's current practices in GTA training and our current values suggests that GTA training programs are needed, and that the community can benefit from reports on the success of existing programs and the dissemination of adaptable models for GTA pedagogical training.

  11. Interpreting future physics teachers reflections on their professional practice during initial formation: the search for teaching autonomy construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Langhi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This research intends to answer the following main question: which traces of teacher autonomy construction are possible to achieve during reflective formative processes in disciplines like Methodology and Physics Teaching Practice carried out during three semesters, in an undergraduate program designed to physics teachers´ initial education? Using an analytical device based on teachers education research assumptions, which we called convergent formative triangulation for progressive teaching autonomy, we had as a main objective the search for the chance to achieve progressive levels of teachers autonomy, according to its three teacher professionalization models, present in a critical and transformative perspective, relating them to the current formative paradigms: the contents based one, the humanist, the activist, the reflective and the technical (approaches we called CHART. Taking into consideration future physics teachers´ collective reflections about their own teaching practice, this research was supported by the following methodological instruments: focus group, coaching, self-confrontation and formative assessment, taking the discourse analysis as background. The outcomes of this research, which followed a sample of 40 future High School physics teachers during three semesters, through the use of five formative steps (planning, implementation, reflection, socialization, involvement and continuity, revealed the evidences of teachers autonomy construction, probably provided by their own teaching practice collective reflections, according to the analytical device used. This research showed that the reflections brakes provided during the process can allow the future teachers to position themselves critically in relation to their future pedagogical activities, even after their initial training. This experience leads us to rethink how subjects like Methodology and Teaching Practice have been teaching in the teachers’ education programs at

  12. Testing a Model of Teaching for Anxiety and Success for English Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Önem, Evrim; Ergenç, Iclal

    2013-01-01

    Much research has shown that there is a negative relationship between high levels of anxiety and success for English language teaching. This paper aimed to test a model of teaching for anxiety and success in English language teaching to affect anxiety and success levels at the same time in a control-experiment group with pre- and post-test study…

  13. Thinking through Practice: Exploring Ways of Knowing, Understanding and Representing the Complexity of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathewson Mitchell, Donna

    2013-01-01

    In recent times there has been a cross-disciplinary amplification of interest in the concept of practice. In this context, there is a growing body of research considering how teaching and teacher education might be viewed using the conceptual lens of practice. In this article, I explore practice theories to identify common themes and principles…

  14. Professional Learning in Human Resource Management: Problematising the Teaching of Reflective Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griggs, V.; Holden, R.; Rae, J.; Lawless, A.

    2015-01-01

    Reflection and reflective practice are much discussed aspects of professional education. This paper conveys our efforts to problematise teaching reflective practice in human resources (HR) education. The research, on which the paper is based, engages with stakeholders involved in the professional learning and education of reflective practice in…

  15. Professional Learning in Human Resource Management: Problematising the Teaching of Reflective Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griggs, V.; Holden, R.; Rae, J.; Lawless, A.

    2015-01-01

    Reflection and reflective practice are much discussed aspects of professional education. This paper conveys our efforts to problematise teaching reflective practice in human resources (HR) education. The research, on which the paper is based, engages with stakeholders involved in the professional learning and education of reflective practice in…

  16. A High-Leverage Language Teaching Practice: Leading an Open-Ended Group Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearney, Erin

    2015-01-01

    In response to calls for more practice-based teacher education, this study investigated the way in which two high-performing novice world language teachers, one in Spanish and one in Latin, implemented a high-leverage teaching practice, leading an open-ended group discussion. Observational data revealed a number of constituent micro-practices. The…

  17. A High-Leverage Language Teaching Practice: Leading an Open-Ended Group Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearney, Erin

    2015-01-01

    In response to calls for more practice-based teacher education, this study investigated the way in which two high-performing novice world language teachers, one in Spanish and one in Latin, implemented a high-leverage teaching practice, leading an open-ended group discussion. Observational data revealed a number of constituent micro-practices. The…

  18. “We Need more Practice!” How Future Teachers Evaluate Their Experiences with Micro-Teaching?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Retelj

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with micro-teaching as a possibility for combining theory and practice during the studies of future teachers of German. One of the key elements for combining theory and practice is pedagogical practicums in primary and secondary schools. From students’ reflections on their practicums, we have seen that it is very difficult for students to put their theoretical knowledge into practice. In order to alleviate initial difficulties and the anxiety future teachers face, we have implemented a specific micro-teaching model at the Department of German, Dutch and Swedish; students in the second year of the MA-level pedagogical stream participated in the model. The students’ self-evaluation on the effects of micro-learning showed it to be a useful model for obtaining their first pedagogical experience because it allows students, through reflection and feedback from their didactics teachers and from their fellow students, to become aware of the didactic and methodological principles of modern foreign language teaching and thus to be better prepared for their teaching practicums.

  19. Mathematics, Language, and Learning: A Longitudinal Study of Elementary Teachers and Their Mathematics Teaching Practices

    OpenAIRE

    Yeh, Cathery

    2016-01-01

    Elementary school mathematics has gained increased attention in the last few decades. A growing field of research has studied the programmatic design and development of elementary mathematics teaching in teacher education, however, few studies have examined longitudinally the mathematics teaching of novice elementary teachers. Existing longitudinal studies on elementary mathematics teaching have generally focused on the effects of teacher preparation on their beginning practices and have exam...

  20. Research on Teaching Model in Business English Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN Chuan-shu

    2014-01-01

    According to the characteristics of Business English Writing Course,this essay analyses the teaching status, then in the frame of communication theory, it puts forward a new teaching model-PIADA. It is proved that this new teaching model can explore the teacher’s subjective initiative, mobilize the enthusiasm of the students fully, make the teaching process more systemat-ic and scientific, and eventually greatly improve students' English writing ability.