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  1. Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diatkine, Gilbert

    2007-06-01

    Jacques Lacan belonged to the second generation of French psychoanalysts which, thanks to the arrival in France of Rudolf Loewenstein, was the first to benefit from a training analysis of sufficient quality and duration. Lacan left the Société Psychanalytique de Paris and the International Psychoanalytic Association in 1953, following a controversy over the short sessions he gave his patients. For Lacan, the anxiety of being absorbed by the object is the principal anxiety from which the anxieties of separation, castration or fragmentation are derived, which may explain why he did not keep his patients for a sufficient length of time. Lacan transformed his difficulty into an advocated technique, which he justified by making a critique of the classical technique. He founded his own international psychoanalytic association, in which selection only occurs when the analyst is already at a very advanced stage in his career ("the authorization of an analyst can only come from himself"). We are indebted to Lacan for having drawn the attention of analysts to the role of language, and especially of words with a double meaning, in the genesis of interpretation, but his theory of language, founded on the assimilation of psychoanalysis to structural linguistics and anthropology, has collapsed. Many of Lacan's other theoretical contributions, such as the renewed interest in the après-coup, the place of mirror relations in narcissism, the distinction between what he calls jouissance and the orgasm, or between the "real" and reality, have been gradually integrated by analysts who accept neither his technique nor his laxity in training.

  2. Models of reflexive recognition. Wallon's Origines du caractère and Lacan's "Mirror stage".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barzilai, S

    1995-01-01

    Jacques Lacan drew on the empirical research of the psychologist Henri Wallon both in his 1938 theory of the mirror stage ("the intrusion complex") and in subsequent formulations. Yet, like Lacan's famous "return" to Freud, his recourse to Wallon is revisionary and, at times, antithetical. This essay examines the disparities between Wallon's and Lacan's work on the mirror experience, focusing especially on the status of the mirror and the identity of the reflected image. An analysis of these differences helps to clarify the meaning of the child's specular activity--"an ontological structure of the human world"--in Lacan's later view and the implications of reflexive recognition for his conception of parental agency.

  3. Lacan's Construction and Deconstruction of the Double-Mirror Device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanheule, Stijn

    2011-01-01

    In the 1950s Jacques Lacan developed a set-up with a concave mirror and a plane mirror, based on which he described the nature of human identification. He also formulated ideas on how psychoanalysis, qua clinical practice, responds to identification. In this paper Lacan's schema of the two mirrors is described in detail and the theoretical line of reasoning he aimed to articulate with aid of this spatial model is discussed. It is argued that Lacan developed his double-mirror device to clarify the relationship between the drive, the ego, the ideal ego, the ego-ideal, the other, and the Other. This model helped Lacan describe the dynamics of identification and explain how psychoanalytic treatment works. He argued that by working with free association, psychoanalysis aims to articulate unconscious desire, and bypass the tendency of the ego for misrecognition. The reasons why Lacan stressed the limits of his double-mirror model and no longer considered it useful from the early 1960s onward are examined. It is argued that his concept of the gaze, which he qualifies as a so-called "object a," prompted Lacan move away from his double-mirror set-up. In those years Lacan gradually began to study the tension between drive and signifier. The schema of the two mirrors, by contrast, focused on the tension between image and signifier, and missed the point Lacan aimed to address in this new era of his work.

  4. Lacan: lenguaje e inconsciente

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    Rebeca Puche Navarro

    1971-01-01

    Full Text Available The present article is the first study of the work ot Jacques Lacan written in Spanish. In this perspective, the article is in the line of the return to Freud described by Lacan. The lacanian contribution is presented as the epistemological criticism to psychoanalysis. The work of Lacan is a re-thinking of Freud´s discoverings in linguistic terms, as significants, as forms, as language. Psychoanalysis is studied in the light of the structural model, in order to give to the study of the unconscious its proper place in the human sciences.

  5. Benchmarking of thermal hydraulic loop models for Lead-Alloy Cooled Advanced Nuclear Energy System (LACANES), phase-I: Isothermal steady state forced convection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jae Hyun; Batta, A.; Casamassima, V.; Cheng, X.; Choi, Yong Joon; Hwang, Il Soon; Lim, Jun; Meloni, P.; Nitti, F. S.; Dedul, V.; Kuznetsov, V.; Komlev, O.; Jaeger, W.; Sedov, A.; Kim, Ji Hak; Puspitarini, D.

    2011-08-01

    As highly promising coolant for new generation nuclear reactors, liquid Lead-Bismuth Eutectic has been extensively worldwide investigated. With high expectation about this advanced coolant, a multi-national systematic study on LBE was proposed in 2007, which covers benchmarking of thermal hydraulic prediction models for Lead-Alloy Cooled Advanced Nuclear Energy System (LACANES). This international collaboration has been organized by OECD/NEA, and nine organizations - ENEA, ERSE, GIDROPRESS, IAEA, IPPE, KIT/IKET, KIT/INR, NUTRECK, and RRC KI - contribute their efforts to LACANES benchmarking. To produce experimental data for LACANES benchmarking, thermal-hydraulic tests were conducted by using a 12-m tall LBE integral test facility, named as Heavy Eutectic liquid metal loop for integral test of Operability and Safety of PEACER (HELIOS) which has been constructed in 2005 at the Seoul National University in the Republic of Korea. LACANES benchmark campaigns consist of a forced convection (phase-I) and a natural circulation (phase-II). In the forced convection case, the predictions of pressure losses based on handbook correlations and that obtained by Computational Fluid Dynamics code simulation were compared with the measured data for various components of the HELIOS test facility. Based on comparative analyses of the predictions and the measured data, recommendations for the prediction methods of a pressure loss in LACANES were obtained. In this paper, results for the forced convection case (phase-I) of LACANES benchmarking are described.

  6. Did Jacques Lacan say anything new?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gazzola, Luiz

    2005-01-01

    The late French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan is an important theoretician, well known in Europe and South America, whose work is rapidly gaining recognition in other countries. However, Lacan is still poorly known in the United States except in academic departments of philosophy, linguistics, and literature. Psychoanalytic clinicians and even many training analysts often find it difficult to approach Lacan's complex theory, and his reputation in the U.S. has suffered from a number of misunderstandings. Nevertheless, judging by his worldwide influence, he has clearly made original contributions to psychoanalytic theory and technique. A biographical sketch of Lacan's life, paired with a brief overview of his writings and seminars, helps to indicate some of the reasons for both the difficulty and the misunderstandings. A flavor of Lacan's works can be achieved through a more detailed look at one of his major concepts: the use of logical time in analysis, which is the origin of the controversial (so-called) "short sessions."

  7. Bataille com Lacan Bataille with Lacan

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    Roland Lethier

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto pesquisa a relação de Bataille com Lacan, sustentando que esses dois autores influenciaram-se mutuamente em suas obras. Trata da repercussão da obra de Freud sobre os surrealistas franceses e rastreia ressonâncias da obra de Bataille na obra de Lacan, demonstrando como essas ressonâncias são perceptíveis na sutileza de uma análise de significantes.The text researches the connection between Bataille and Lacan, sustaining the idea that both authors had influence on each other’s work. It considers the repercussions of Freud’s works over French Surrealists and traces resonance of Bataille’s works on Lacan’s, demonstrating how these resonance are perceptive in a significant analysis subtlety

  8. Jacques Lacan's theory of the subject as real, symbolic and imaginary: how can Lacanian theory be of help to mental health nursing practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McSherry, A

    2013-11-01

    This paper presents an outline of Lacan's theory of the human subject, in particular focusing on Lacan's concepts of the real, symbolic and imaginary registers, and how an understanding of these can inform change and practice in mental health nursing. Mental health nursing is under pressure to define itself as a practice distinct from other professions in the field, and to respond in new ways to promoting mental health to the individual and a wider public. Lacan's theory of the subject is of particular relevance to mental health nurses working with mental distress but has received little attention in mental health nursing literature. Six implications for practice are outlined in terms of: against normalization, the importance of the function of the symptom, what cannot be known, meaning as ever-changing, against empathy and against holistic ideas of the self.

  9. Lacan's first disciple.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roazen, P

    1996-12-01

    A distinguished historian of ideas long associated with detailed narratives and analyses of the lives and ideas of the founding figures of psychoanalysis interviews Marc-François Lacan, younger brother of Jacques Lacan and a Benedictine monk. Much is revealed in this essay, originally published in French, of the thinking of both men, most startlingly perhaps of the extent to which there are religious elements in the background and even the thought of Jacques Lacan, that commanding personality in French psychoanalytic circles.

  10. Lacans ontologi(er)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Porsgaard, Kasper

    2016-01-01

    Lacans værk har ofte tiltrukket sig opmærksomhed i kraft af en række provokerende, negative udsagn: Den store Anden eksisterer ikke, Kvinden eksisterer ikke, Der findes intet seksuelt forhold. Udsagnene har konsekvenser for relationen mellem den lacanianske psykoanalyse og beslægtede faglige og...... videnskabelige områder, og oplægget forsøger at bidrage til dialogen mellem den lacanianske teori og denne faglige omverden ved at undersøge Lacans forhold til værensbegrebet fra de tidlige skrifter og indtil 1973. Indtil midten af halvtredserne viser der sig en vis inspiration fra fænomenologien hos Lacan....... Herefter bliver en mere ”strukturalistisk” tankegang dominerende, og Lacan afviser nu typisk at have en doktrin angående ’væren’. I stedet bliver den centrale tematik for Lacan en skelnen mellem typer af elementer i en struktur – det partikulære og det singulære – hvilket også kommer til at påvirke...

  11. Sade em Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Riaviz, Eduardo

    2000-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão. Esta dissertação analisa o lugar do Marquês de Sade no ensino de Lacan. Começamos por reconstruir a recepção de Sade pela vanguarda francesa, particularmente no movimento surrealista e nos seus dissidentes. Em seguida, acompanhamos as modificações do lugar de Sade na obra de Lacan. Para isto nos orientamos nos seis paradigmas do gozo através dos quais J.-A. Miller ordena a doutrina lacaniana...

  12. Lacan and Ferenczi: paradoxical kinship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugrin, Yves

    2015-03-01

    The kinship between Ferenczi and Lacan can be compared with the phases of an eclipse. Throughout the first period of his teaching, Lacan presents Ferenczi as the most relevant analyst among the first pioneers. It is clear that he hopes to develop Ferenczi's subversive reflections about clinical practice. Surprisingly, in the second period references to Ferenczi seem to disappear, even when he takes on the question of trauma in light of what he calls the register of the Real; he does not cite Ferenczi at all. In a third period, after Lacan's death, certain Lacanians are very critical about Ferenczi, often excessively. Today, analysts open to Lacan's teaching are discovering Ferenczi and the richness of his work, in which Lacan found numerous springheads for his own work.

  13. The significance of Jacques Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leavy, S A

    1977-01-01

    The contemporary French psychoanalyst, Jacques Lacan, has offered a reinterpretation of basic Freudian concepts that is to a great extent based on the structural linguistics of F. de Saussure. Certain fundamental ideas of Lacan, such as his views that "the unconscious is structured like a language" and that "the unconscious is the discourse of the Other" are examined here, and an attempt is made to place them in perspective in psychoanalysis.

  14. Balint after Lacan ... and after.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mélèse, Lucien

    2002-03-01

    This paper examines Balint and Lacan's views about regression and symbolism, language, and transference. The author points out their similarities, their differences, and then proposes a synthesis through his approach of history, genealogy, trauma, and crisis. Freud's notions of masochism, of fixation (innate or phylogenetic) may thus be renewed, leading to the analyst's capacity to cope with deep regression and borderline (Balint) psychosis and perversion (Lacan) or to psychosomatics, including epilepsy.

  15. A topologia estrutural de Lacan

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    Vitor Hugo Couto Triska

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, busca-se construir uma apresentação do uso da topologia por Lacan, questionando a sua fundamentação, função e pertinência à psicanálise. Para tanto, aborda-se a noção de modelo, um tipo de abstração central no contexto do estruturalismo, assim como a oposição entre homologia e analogia a partir da qual será elucidada uma crucial contribuição de Lacan à teoria psicanalítica, isto é, a proposta de um novo método de pesquisa - a topologia estrutural, cujos aspectos metodológico e ontológico serão discutidos.

  16. A review of Lacan's seminar on anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diatkine, Gilbert

    2006-08-01

    The seminar on anxiety marks a turning point in the development of Lacan's thought from several perspectives. First, Lacan implicitly abandons his theory that the unconscious is structured like a language. He also abandons the endeavour to identify Freud's theory with his own. He develops some original new ideas about anxiety, some of which are of great interest, such as the connection between castration anxiety and narcissism; others, such as his denial of the existence of separation anxiety, are absurd. Lacan's main point of divergence from Freud, his rejection of the inner world, also emerges clearly in this seminar.

  17. Winnicott and Lacan: a missed encounter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanier, Alain

    2012-04-01

    Winnicott was able to say that Lacan's paper on the mirror stage "had certainly influenced" him, while Lacan argued that he found his object a in Winnicott's transitional object. By following the development of their personal relations, as well as of their theoretical discussions, it is possible to argue that this was a missed encounter--yet a happily missed one, since the misunderstandings of their theoretical exchanges allowed each of them to clarify concepts otherwise difficult to discern.

  18. Ud med Freud, Marx og Lacan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clasen, Mathias

    2009-01-01

    Det er på høje tid, at humanister løsriver sig fra deres forældede teorier. Freud, Marx og Lacan skal erstattes med evolutionspsykologi, biologi og kognitionsvidenskab.......Det er på høje tid, at humanister løsriver sig fra deres forældede teorier. Freud, Marx og Lacan skal erstattes med evolutionspsykologi, biologi og kognitionsvidenskab....

  19. Ud med Freud, Marx og Lacan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clasen, Mathias

    2009-01-01

    Det er på høje tid, at humanister løsriver sig fra deres forældede teorier. Freud, Marx og Lacan skal erstattes med evolutionspsykologi, biologi og kognitionsvidenskab.......Det er på høje tid, at humanister løsriver sig fra deres forældede teorier. Freud, Marx og Lacan skal erstattes med evolutionspsykologi, biologi og kognitionsvidenskab....

  20. The Ethics of the "Real" In Levinas, Lacan, and Buddhism: Pedagogical Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagodzinski, Jan

    2002-01-01

    Explores the unstated ethics that exist in the silent space between teacher and students, highlighting Emmanuel Levinas, Jacques Lacan, and Buddhism. The paper uses the juxtaposition of west and east to help illuminate ethical pedagogy, and it argues that there is an unknowable dimension which raises the question of ethics in human relations that…

  1. Enumerating Wordsworth/Accounting for Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodman, Jeffrey

    1995-01-01

    Addresses one of the more serious criticisms made concerning the Lacanian concept of the Real, that made by Francois Roustang, who accuses Lacan of intentionally blurring the two distinct registers of this concept. Wordsworth's poem, "We Are Seven," illustrates the Real as pure loss through its representation of family relations,…

  2. Evaluation of help model replacement codes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whiteside, Tad [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Hang, Thong [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Flach, Gregory [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2009-07-01

    This work evaluates the computer codes that are proposed to be used to predict percolation of water through the closure-cap and into the waste containment zone at the Department of Energy closure sites. This work compares the currently used water-balance code (HELP) with newly developed computer codes that use unsaturated flow (Richards’ equation). It provides a literature review of the HELP model and the proposed codes, which result in two recommended codes for further evaluation: HYDRUS-2D3D and VADOSE/W. This further evaluation involved performing actual simulations on a simple model and comparing the results of those simulations to those obtained with the HELP code and the field data. From the results of this work, we conclude that the new codes perform nearly the same, although moving forward, we recommend HYDRUS-2D3D.

  3. Thinking in the space between Winnicott and Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luepnitz, Deborah Anna

    2009-10-01

    The author, following André Green, maintains that the two most original psychoanalytic thinkers since Freud were Donald Winnicott and Jacques Lacan. Winnicott, it has been said, introduced the comic tradition into psychoanalysis, while Lacan sustained Freud's tragic/ironic vision. Years of mutual avoidance by their followers (especially of Lacan by Anglophone clinicians) has arguably diminished understanding of the full spectrum of psychoanalytic thought. The author outlines some basic constructs of Winnicott and of Lacan, including: their organizing tropes of selfhood versus subjectivity, their views of the "mirror stage", and their definitions of the aims of treatment. While the ideas of Winnicott and Lacan appear at some points complementary, the goal is not to integrate them into one master discourse, but rather to bring their radically different paradigms into provocative contact. A clinical vignette is offered to demonstrate concepts from Lacan and Winnicott, illustrating what it might mean to think and teach in the potential space between them.

  4. Winnicott, Bergson, Lacan: tempo e psicanálise Winnicott, Bergson, Lacan: time and psychoanalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jô Gondar

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trabalha as concepções de Winnicott e Lacan a respeito do tempo. Em Winnicott, o tempo é pensado no plano da diferença ontológica, enquanto que Lacan privilegia a diferença sexual. Pretende-se mostrar como essas duas idéias a respeito da temporalidade implicam distintas concepções sobre a constituição subjetiva, assim como diferentes estratégias clínicas. Com relação ao tempo, Winnicott será associado ao filósofo Henri Bergson e à sua noção de duração.This article discusses Winnicott and Lacan's conceptions of time verifyng its diferents clinical estrategies. Winnicott will be associated to Henri Bergson in respect of his notion of duration.

  5. Presentación de Jacques Lacan.

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    Francisco Pereña García

    1981-01-01

    Full Text Available Jacques LACAN nació el 3 de abril de 1901 en París. Estudió medicina y se especializó en psiquiatría. Su tesis sobre «La Psychose parano'ique dans ses rapports a la personalité» (editado en español por la Editorial Siglo XXI, que data de 1932, prueba sobradamente que su paso por la psiquiatría no fue «dilet.tante». La tradición clínica de CLÉRAMBAULT tenía en LACAN un discípulo privilegiado. Su preocupación por la psicosis no será abandonada una vez que pasó a ser jefe indiscutible del más riguroso freudismo. Cuando habla de sus antecedentes LACAN dice: «Reside en el rastro de CLÉRAMBAULT, nuestro único maestro en psiquiatría. Su automatismo mental, con su ideología mecanicista de la metáfora, muy criticable sin duda, nos parece, en su manera de abordar el texto subjetivo, más cercano a lo que puede construirse por un análisis estructural que ningún esfuerzo clínico en la psiquiatría francesa.» (Escritos 1, Ed. Siglo XXI, p. 3.

  6. Lacan, Subjectivity and the Task of Mathematics Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Tony

    2008-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of subjectivity in the context of mathematics education research. It introduces the psychoanalyst and theorist Jacques Lacan whose work on subjectivity combined Freud's psychoanalytic theory with processes of signification as developed in the work of de Saussure and Peirce. The paper positions Lacan's subjectivity…

  7. Aborigines of the Imaginary: Applying Lacan to Aboriginal Education

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    Harrison, Neil

    2012-01-01

    This paper applies the work of Jacques Lacan, a French psychoanalyst, to decipher the desire of the teacher in Aboriginal education. It argues that the images of Aboriginal people represented in Australian classrooms are effects of the teacher's Imaginary, the Imaginary being one of the three psychoanalytic domains theorised by Lacan over a period…

  8. Alain Badiou, Jacques Lacan and the Ethics of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taubman, Peter M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper argues that Badiou's and Lacan's theorizations of ethics offer a way to formulate an ethics of teaching and to explore what such an ethics might look like when teachers encounter events that disrupt their quotidian lives. Relying on the work of Badiou and Lacan, the paper critiques mainstream approaches to the ethics of teaching and…

  9. Lacan, Subjectivity and the Task of Mathematics Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Tony

    2008-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of subjectivity in the context of mathematics education research. It introduces the psychoanalyst and theorist Jacques Lacan whose work on subjectivity combined Freud's psychoanalytic theory with processes of signification as developed in the work of de Saussure and Peirce. The paper positions Lacan's subjectivity…

  10. La primavera estructuralista : Lacan y el lenguaje

    OpenAIRE

    Franco Garrido, Luis

    2010-01-01

    La ambigüedad entre el aspecto representativo y el aspecto genético del lenguaje sirve de estrategia en este escrito para dilucidar cómo lo simbólico, en Lacan, articula el paso entre lo imaginario y lo real. Este tránsito, que en los textos lacanianos se esboza a partir de la crítica a la práctica asociacionista, puede ser expresado en términos de posibilidad, lo que permite presentar la holgura por la cual el carácter constitutivo de la estructura simbólica escapa a ...

  11. Jacques Lacan e a clínica do consumo Jacques Lacan and the consumption clinic

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    Márcia Rosa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O texto destaca e percorre os principais momentos nos quais Jacques Lacan se deteve sobre a questão do consumo e, ao fazê-lo, desdobrou três pontos. Inicialmente, o consumo articula-se à ética e à constatação da impossibilidade de pensá-lo apenas com a noção de valor de uso; aquelas de valor de gozo e valor de desejo tornam-se necessárias. A seguir, a associação do consumo ao campo pulsional, especialmente ao objeto oral e às fantasias de devoração, evidencia o deslizamento do "consumismo" à "consumição", que leva o sujeito da posição de consumidor à de objeto consumido. Finalmente, o consumo é tratado nos últimos textos de Lacan através de uma pequena mutação no Discurso do Mestre que faz surgir o Discurso do Capitalista.The text highlights and discusses the key moments in which Jacques Lacan stood on the issue of consumption and, by doing so, deploys three points. Initially, consumption is articulated to ethics and to the impossibility of thinking it only through the notion of value; the notions of jouissance and desire value become necessary. Next, the association of consumption to trieb, especially to the oral object and to devouring fantasies, shows the change of "consumerism" to "consumption" that leads the subject from a position of consumer to one of an object to be consumed. Finally, consumption is treated in Lacan's last texts through a small mutation in the Master's Discourse that gives rise to the Capitalist Discourse.

  12. Tiresias and the breast: thinking of Lacan, interpretation, and caring.

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    Webb, R E; Bushnell, D F; Widseth, J C

    1993-06-01

    Lacan's intellectual complexity and fascination with language are too often taken as an indication that in his conception of analysis there is no room for caring and love. In this paper we argue that this impression represents a misunderstanding of Lacan. We explore the role of the analyst according to Lacan, both as the 'subject of absolute knowledge', 'supporting the function Tiresias' and the 'man of care' with breasts. To Lacan, the process of analysis is an adventure into the realm of the exotic where there is a complexity of excitement and deep anxiety, an interplay of words and illusive exploding breasts, the birth and death of desire, and the confrontation with the illusion of 'self'. The analyst recognises the patience and courage necessary to face this and to understand that 'life is a foreign language; all men mispronounce it' (Morley, 1925, p. 188).

  13. LACAN Code for global simulation of SILVA laser isotope separation process; L.A.C.A.N.: Code de simulation globale du procede de separation isotopique par laser Silva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quaegebeur, J.P.; Goldstein, S.

    1991-12-31

    Functions used for the definition of a SILVA separator require quite a lot of dimensional and operating parameters. Sizing a laser isotope separation plant needs the determination of these parameters for optimization. In the LACAN simulation code, each elementary physical process is described by simplified models. An example is given for a uranium isotope separation plant whose separation power is optimized with 6 parameters.

  14. Psychoanalysis and theology: Jacques Lacan and Paul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackett, C D

    1982-09-01

    The nature of humanity-or the human situation-has been an area of thought intensely studied by theologians and philosophers for centuries. In more recent times, however, psychology has made serious advances into this field of inquiry. It has been able to provide insights applicable to previous theological ideas. The author brings to the reader's attention his twofold purpose: to present an interpretation of the human situation as understood by Jacques Lacan-as informed by such forerunners as Sigmund Freud and Martin Heidegger- and expressed by psychoanalytic method. These same ideas are then examined in light of the writings of St. Paul. From a sensitive study of these two thinkers the author has been able to draw numerous correlations pertinent to contemporary studies within religion and psychology.

  15. Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    The program models rainfall, runoff, infiltration, and other water pathways to estimate how much water builds up above each landfill liner. It can incorporate data on vegetation, soil types, geosynthetic materials, initial moisture conditions, slopes, etc.

  16. El manzano revolucionario de Gustave Flaubert y los ocho materialismo de Jacques Lacan // Gustave Flaubert`s revolutionary apple tree and Lacan`s eight materialisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pavón Cuéllar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Se examina la actitud ambivalente de Jacques Lacan hacia el materialismo a la luz de una escena puntual en la novela Bouvard et Pécuchet de Gustave Flaubert. Esta escena, en la que un manzano reviste la forma de un revolucionario, nos permite discutir la esencia problemática de la materialidad en Lacan. Se distinguen ocho formas de materialismo en la teoría lacaniana y se muestra su oposición con respecto a otras formas de materialismo rechazadas en la misma teoría. // Jacques Lacan's ambivalent attitude towards materialism is examined at the light of a precise scene in Gustave Flaubert's novel Bouvard et Pécuchet. This scene, in which an apple tree takes the form of a revolutionary, allows us to discuss the problematic essence of materiality in Lacan. Eight forms of materialism are distinguished in Lacanian theory and opposed to other forms of materialism that would be rejected in this theory.

  17. Lacan e a negatividade do desejo

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    Tiago Ribeiro Nunes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente trabalho pretende demonstrar que, na primeira parte do ensino de Jacques Lacan, a assunção subjetiva do desejo enquanto falta-a-ser representa o ponto de chegada de uma psicanálise. Recorrendo aos textos inaugurais do seu ensino, veremos que é justamente a falta de um saber imanente, capaz de designar o objeto compatível com as suas necessidades, que impõe ao desejo sua negatividade, sintomaticamente expressa na forma do "que queres tu de mim?", com a qual o sujeito pretende reparar a inconsistência do Outro. Tal como propõe o psicanalista francês, uma experiência com a psicanálise levada ao seu limite deveria produzir a assunção pelo sujeito do seu desejo enquanto pura falta-a-ser, em razão da qual se liquidaria o seu endereçamento ao Outro como fundamento último.

  18. Epistemologia della psicoanalisi tra Althusser e Lacan

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    Alberto Gualandi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The contributions included in this section of S&F_ focus on the problem of the epistemological status of psychoanalysis and its object, the unconscious. They were originally presented in Venice at the Ca’ Foscari University in December 2014, during a debate organized by Maria Turchetto and the Associazione Louis Althusser, following the first Italian translation of the two conferences on psychoanalysis delivered by Althusser at the École Normale in 1963‐64 (L. Althusser, Psicoanalisi e scienze umane, Mimesis, Milano 2014. The two conferences, centred around the alleged “epistemological break” brought about by the work of Lacan in the domain of human sciences, provide the authors with the opportunity to examine the relationship between Marxism, psychoanalysis and philosophy in the current theoretical context, and to address such problems as the relationship between the discourse of the unconscious and the theory of ideology, transindividual imaginary and subjective Cogito, body and language, as well as the status of scientific truth. The authors attempt to show the fecundity of an epistemological approach which allows us to reposition the problem of the unconscious in an “interstitial gap” separating body from language, phenomenology from biology, corporeal linguistic signifier (lalangue from the pure axiomatic of science (matema.

  19. El actor y el espectador. De Freud a Lacan // The author and the audience. From Freud to Lacan

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    Carolina Roldán

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Teniendo en cuenta los aportes de Freud y Lacan, en este texto se trata, por una parte, de mirar cuál es la función del actor en la representación teatral o parafraseando al segundo de estos autores ¿Qué añade el actor a la obra escrita? de otro lado, profundizar en los mecanismos que en el espectador ponen en juego para conectarse con la obra y el actor, suscitando las vivencias y emociones propias de la experiencia teatral. // Taking in account Freud and Lacan works, this paper questions about what is the actor function in a theatrical performance; paraphrasing Lacan: What does the actor add to the written work? On the other hand, deeping into the mechanisms that the member of the audience uses to put in contact with the play and the actor, arousing his/her own life experiences and emotions through the theatrical experience.

  20. El concepto de locura en la obra de Jacques Lacan The Concept Of Madness In The Jacques Lacan Work's

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    Pablo D. Muñoz

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde sus primeros escritos Lacan distingue el concepto de locura del de psicosis, contradiciendo el uso común que los toma como equivalentes. Esta confusión produce efectos en la clínica psicoanalítica, por lo cual conviene aclarar y mantener su diferencia. Si bien los comentadores de su obra han reconocido esa distinción, no se ha destacado todo lo necesario la transformación que sufre el concepto de locura al final de la misma, ni se ha establecido con precisión su índole, sus alcances y consecuencias. Para hacerlo se propone explorar las diferencias entre locura y psicosis con el recurso de la teoría de nudos que Lacan emplea en dicho período, donde la psicosis es formalizada como una forma particular de anudamiento de los registros distinto del de la neurosis y la locura como su desanudamiento. En este trabajo se realiza un recorrido que enlaza las primeras referencias de Lacan sobre la locura con las recién mencionadas.First Lacan writings differentiates the "madness" concept from the other one of "psychosis", contradicting therefore the common use in language that takes them equivalent. This confusion can carry adverse effects in the psychoanalytic clinic. Thus is better to clarify and maintain its difference. Although Lacan comentators have recognized that distinction is not enough outstanded the transformation of the concept of "madness" at the his latest works, nor has settled down its nature, its reaches and consequences. In order to do it, we will explore the differences between "madness" and "psychosis" with his knots theory support, where the psychosis and neurosis like particular different form of knotting, and also defines "madness" like a registers untied. In this work is carried out a journey that connects the first references of Lacan about the madness with the last ones mentioned.

  1. Jacques Lacan: apropriação e subversão da lingüística Jacques Lacan: linguistic appropriation and subversion

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    Nadiá Paulo Ferreira

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo parte das fontes lingüísticas da teoria de Jacques de Lacan, dando destaque aos conceitos de estrutura, sujeito, signo (Ferdinand de Saussure, metáfora e metonímia (Roman Jakobson, visando demonstrar que as transformações operadas nesses conceitos por Lacan separam de forma irreconciliável a psicanálise da lingüística.The article is based on Lacan's linguistics theory, highlighting the concepts of structure, subject, sign (Ferdinand de Saussure, metaphor and metonymy (Roman Jakobson, aiming to show that Lacan's analysis of these concepts definitely separates psychoanalysts from linguistics.

  2. Burke, Nietzsche, Lacan: Three Perspectives on the Rhetoric of Order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Douglas

    1993-01-01

    Examines the complex relationship between rhetoric and order in the works of Kenneth Burke, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Jacques Lacan. Argues for three differing, yet complementary, views of rhetoric and order, each having a corresponding epistemology and axiology. Concludes with an analysis of the construction of order in Thomas Hobbe's…

  3. Subjectivity as an Unlimited Semiosis: Lacan and Peirce

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    Nordtug, Birgit

    2004-01-01

    The discussion on subjectivity is based on the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan's understanding of subjectivity as constructed in and through language, and the philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce's general ideas of signifying construction as an unlimited sign-exchanging process--the idea of the unlimited semiosis. The article advocates combining…

  4. Thanatos and Civilization: Lacan, Marcuse, and the Death Drive

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    Cho, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    During the 1950s and 1960s two thinkers, Herbert Marcuse and Jacques Lacan, were conducting a "return to Freud" for very similar reasons. If the differences between them are often advertised, their affinities are less so. In this article, I examine how their "return to Freud" and fidelity to psychoanalysis serves as a common ground to read each in…

  5. Burke, Nietzsche, Lacan: Three Perspectives on the Rhetoric of Order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Douglas

    1993-01-01

    Examines the complex relationship between rhetoric and order in the works of Kenneth Burke, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Jacques Lacan. Argues for three differing, yet complementary, views of rhetoric and order, each having a corresponding epistemology and axiology. Concludes with an analysis of the construction of order in Thomas Hobbe's…

  6. L'oggetto sguardo nell'insegnamento di Lacan

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    Alex Pagliardini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The eye occupies a central place in the teaching of Jacques Lacan. In particular, it finds its almost final formulation in Seminar X (1962-63 and Seminar XI (1964. In these Seminars the field of vision is no longer the place of illusion and mirage of the subjective identity, but it becomes the same field crossed by Freud’s Unheimlich, namely that of the sudden apparition of what is invisible. ‘Look’ is the name that Lacan gives to this appearance. The effects of what Lacan calls the ‘look function’ are: a radical alteration of the coordinates of the visual field and an effect of anguish. In such a perspective, the visual field becomes the proper place to radicalize the idea of the ‘subversion of the subject’: the subject doesn’t look, he/she is looked, the gaze looks at the subject, grabs him/her, and, in doing so, it determines the subject. Thus, Lacan reduces the subject to a claim, a need, that crosses and distorts the visual field. This distortion forces the subject to meet his/her condition of object. From this point of view, visual arts are a privileged territory to establish a certain relationship with the constant distortion of the eye (since aesthetics is, after all, ethics, therefore with that objectual condition that each subject embodies.

  7. Thanatos and Civilization: Lacan, Marcuse, and the Death Drive

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    Cho, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    During the 1950s and 1960s two thinkers, Herbert Marcuse and Jacques Lacan, were conducting a "return to Freud" for very similar reasons. If the differences between them are often advertised, their affinities are less so. In this article, I examine how their "return to Freud" and fidelity to psychoanalysis serves as a common ground to read each in…

  8. Burke, Nietzsche, Lacan: Three Perspectives on the Rhetoric of Order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Douglas

    1993-01-01

    Examines the complex relationship between rhetoric and order in the works of Kenneth Burke, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Jacques Lacan. Argues for three differing, yet complementary, views of rhetoric and order, each having a corresponding epistemology and axiology. Concludes with an analysis of the construction of order in Thomas Hobbe's "Leviathan."…

  9. Lacan's return to Freud - or turning away from him?

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    Eva D. Bahovec

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Freud defined his discovery as “the birth of psychoanalysis”, whereas Lacan defined his relation to Freud as “a return to Freud”. The main characteristic of this return was its orientation into the opposite direction of the American ego-psychology, its positive definition being a return to the “letter of Freud”, or a return through language, and all what Lévi-Strauss and Lacan called “the symbolic”. The paper aims to present a philosophical reading of Freud, and the question whether, in Lacan's “structural” return, something has not been lost, what might have been of crucial importance for the discovery of psychoanalysis as such. In this context, some of the main Freud's concepts, needed for such a re-examination of “Lacanian orientation”, are being discussed, focusing upon Freud's insistence that subjectivity has to be defined by sexual difference and sexuality, and that beyond men and women there is no universal Man or Subject as such. Freud's initial question “What does a woman want?” is contextualized through his other question “How one becomes woman?”, whereas Freud's epistemological hesitations around symmetry and asymmetry of sexual difference are related to philosophical category of the aleatory. The paper concludes with the conclusion that in this perspective Lacan's return to Freud could be characterized as a return to essentialism, or even to implicit antifeminism. In opposition to Lacan, Freud always insisted on the difference between women and men as something that cannot be explained, and that the notion of bisexuality should not be abandoned. Using Beauvoir's critique of Lévi-Strauss, Freud's hesitations and his undecidedness of symmetry or asymmetry is explained as ontological category of a chance without a cause, and as the most repressed part of what later Althusser addressed to as “the repressed current” of aleatory materialism.

  10. Using Live Dual Modeling to Help Preservice Teachers Develop TPACK

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    Lu, Liangyue; Lei, Jing

    2012-01-01

    To help preservice teachers learn about teaching with technology--specifically, technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK)--the researchers designed and implemented a Live Dual Modeling strategy involving both live behavior modeling and cognitive modeling in this study. Using qualitative research methods, the researchers investigated…

  11. A falta conceituada por Lacan: da coisa ao objeto a Lack conceived by Lacan: from the thing to object a

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    Vinicius Darriba

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Discute-se o modo como a falta é conceituada por Lacan em dois momentos: com a retomada da Coisa freudiana e com a introdução do objeto a. Tal esforço em conceituar a falta é associado à tentativa de Lacan de resgatar aquilo que se revelou central na experiência de Freud. À Coisa e ao objeto a são relacionadas duas formas distintas de se pensar a relação entre o conceito e a falta na psicanálise, determinantes do tipo de aproximação que se pode ter do que constitui a experiência analítica.This study describes the way lack is conceived by Lacan at two different levels: with the retrieval of the Freudian Thing and the introduction of Object a. Such effort to conceptualize lack is associated to Lacan's attempt of rescuing that which has revealed itself as central in Freud's experience. Two distinct ways of thinking the relationship between concept and lack in psychoanalysis are related to the Thing and Object a. Such forms of thinking are determining in the type of proximity one may have of what is at stake in the analytical experience.

  12. Lacan e Frege: sobre o conceito de Um

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    Maurício José d’Escragnolle Cardoso

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Muitas vezes ignorada, a importância dada por Lacan à obra de Frege se mostra na verdade cada vez mais considerável. Citada pelo psicanalista desde os anos 1950, a importância dessa obra evolui na mesma medida que o ensino lacaniano. Este privilégio é devido não somente à crescente sofisticação da reflexão de Lacan, mas sobretudo a seu esforço em determinar uma questão bastante específica: como isolar a articulação existente entre a estrutura diferencial do significante e a economia pulsional? Este problema encontra sua formulação mais explícita na elaboração lacaniana do conceito de Um, que é justamente realizada através de um diálogo constante com o logicismo fregeano.

  13. Lenguaje, palabra, discurso en la enseñanza de Jacques Lacan. // Languaje, word, speech in Jacques Lacan`s teaching.

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    Marcela Ana Negro.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is the result of the analysis of two Lacan’s statements in Seminar 3 in which he differentiates between language, word and speech. The results presented here intend to report that difference, by defining the structure and the rules of each aspect of the symbolic dimension. The author also tries to define the special features of the subject and the Other from the language, word and speech aspects. This research is limited to Lacan’s first contributions (1953-1958. // Este artículo surge como resultado de una investigación a partir de una frase de Lacan del Seminario 3 donde distingue lenguaje, palabra y discurso. El desarrollo que se expone aquí intenta dar cuenta de esa diferencia, situando la estructura y las leyes correspondientes a cada vertiente de la dimensión simbólica. También se intenta articular las particularidades que surgen en cuanto al sujeto y al Otro en cada una de ellas. El trabajo de investigación se circunscribe a los primeros años de la enseñanza de Jacques Lacan (1953-1958.

  14. How can model comparison help improving species distribution models?

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    Gritti, Emmanuel Stephan; Gaucherel, Cédric; Crespo-Perez, Maria-Veronica; Chuine, Isabelle

    2013-01-01

    Today, more than ever, robust projections of potential species range shifts are needed to anticipate and mitigate the impacts of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Such projections are so far provided almost exclusively by correlative species distribution models (correlative SDMs). However, concerns regarding the reliability of their predictive power are growing and several authors call for the development of process-based SDMs. Still, each of these methods presents strengths and weakness which have to be estimated if they are to be reliably used by decision makers. In this study we compare projections of three different SDMs (STASH, LPJ and PHENOFIT) that lie in the continuum between correlative models and process-based models for the current distribution of three major European tree species, Fagussylvatica L., Quercusrobur L. and Pinussylvestris L. We compare the consistency of the model simulations using an innovative comparison map profile method, integrating local and multi-scale comparisons. The three models simulate relatively accurately the current distribution of the three species. The process-based model performs almost as well as the correlative model, although parameters of the former are not fitted to the observed species distributions. According to our simulations, species range limits are triggered, at the European scale, by establishment and survival through processes primarily related to phenology and resistance to abiotic stress rather than to growth efficiency. The accuracy of projections of the hybrid and process-based model could however be improved by integrating a more realistic representation of the species resistance to water stress for instance, advocating for pursuing efforts to understand and formulate explicitly the impact of climatic conditions and variations on these processes.

  15. Models of helping and coping in cancer care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northouse, L L; Wortman, C B

    1990-02-01

    This paper provides a theoretical analysis of four models of helping and coping as they relate to cancer care. The four conceptual models focus on the issue of whether or not patients should be viewed as responsible for the cause or the treatment of their cancer. The moral model, characterized by the holistic health movement, holds patients responsible for both causing and resolving health problems. The compensatory model, exemplified by cancer education programs, attributes low responsibility to patients for causing health problems but high responsibility for resolving them. The medical model views patients as neither responsible for causing nor for resolving health problems. The enlightenment model, typified by the healing movement, holds people responsible for causing their health problems, but not for resolving them. An attempt is made to examine existing programs in cancer care in light of these models. The present analysis addresses the following questions. Why is each of these models appealing? Why are they sometimes embraced by patients or health care providers? What are the benefits and disadvantages of using each of these models with cancer patients? What happens when the health care provider and patient hold different models regarding the patient's responsibility or participation in the cause of the disease or its treatment? Further research is needed to determine the conditions under which a particular model results in better health outcomes for patients, and to assess how factors such as extent of disease or type of cancer influence the patient's choice of a model.

  16. The help of formal models for healthcare security policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trouessin, G; Barber, B

    1997-01-01

    This article is a personal contribution (i.e., from a strict security expert point of view) towards the help for specification, validation and/or evaluation of reliable, but also secure, healthcare security policies (HSP). The first part is dedicated to show, according to the various aspects of the security policy concept, that healthcare information systems (HIS) offer such a diversity of particularities and potential security needs, that it is necessary for healthcare security policies to be defined as flexible, but also as robust, as possible. Then the formal modelling approach, a wide area of solutions providing both flexibility (by means of modelling) and robustness (by means of formalization), is presented. The most well-known examples of security models are recalled. All of them try to use formal models as a security policy specification/validation tool, but none of them can be helpfully used in the very demanding context of HIS. Lastly, a new approach for the modelling of healthcare security policies, based on modal logic (i.e., epistemic and/or deontic logic) is proposed. It permits to take into account the flexibility (by means of high expressiveness due to modality) and the robustness (by means of high provability due to modelling) needs.

  17. Pedagogy, Lacan, and the Freudian Subject.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Robert Con

    1987-01-01

    Introduces three essays--in the second of two issues of College English devoted to psychoanalysis and literature--on psychoanalytic theory, literature, and the roles of teachers in helping students situate themselves in relation to knowledge and in breaking through students' resistance as they read. (JC)

  18. A segunda regra fundamental: um comentário sobre o Ferenczi de Lacan

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    Angela Cavalcanti Bernardes

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Que o analista seja analisado é a segunda regra fundamental da psicanálise, de acordo com Sándor Ferenczi. Este autor é louvado por Lacan pelo questionamento autêntico de sua responsabilidade de terapeuta. Faz-se aqui um breve comentário de algumas referências de Lacan a Ferenczi, tendo-se por perspectiva o controverso debate sobre a formação do analista.The second fundamental rule: a note about Lacan's Ferenczi. The analysis of the analyst is the second rule of psychoanalysis, following Sándor Ferenczi. This author is considered by Lacan an authentic questioner of his responsibility as a psychotherapist. The reader will find here a brief note about some of Lacan's comments on Ferenczi. Our concern here is the training of the analyst.

  19. Pensamiento y política: Arendt con Lacan

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    Laura Arias

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil is one of the most emblematic Hannah Arendt's books. It introduces concepts such as the banality of evil, which continue raising excited comments in different latitudes. Here, we want to focus on another controversy aroused by the book and based on Eichmann's trial in Jerusalem. Arendt says: “The longer one listened to him, the more obvious it became that his inability to speak was closely connected with an inability to think” (Arendt, 1999: 80. We propose here to examine what thinking is for Freud and Lacan, and thus to question whether Eichmann thought or did not.

  20. O Complexo de Édipo em Winnicott e Lacan

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    João Paulo Fernandes Barretta

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Após uma breve apresentação do tema do complexo de Édipo em Freud e do ponto de vista diretor a partir do qual ele é tematizado, o artigo mostra que nas teorias psicanalíticas de Lacan e Winnicott esse tema central da teoria freudiana é modificado radicalmente. Por fim, o artigo conclui indicando uma semelhança entre ambas as formulações do conflito edipiano, bem como uma diferença fundamental.

  1. Analyze Light in August by Lacan's Theory of Mirror Stage

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    包亚楠

    2016-01-01

    Being one of the greatest 20th century writers, William Faulkner was rewarded with the Nobel Prize for literature in 1949. For his whole life, he created many novels which were given high appraisal and remained popular up to today. Light in Au?gust, carrying as the representative of Faulkner's novels, is not an exception as to the digging about individual's formation about identity. In the light of Lacan's theory of Mirror Stage, this paper tries to evaluate Faulkner's discussion over the forma-tion of individual's identity with Joe Christmas as the example.

  2. 488-4D ASH LANDFILL CLOSURE CAP HELP MODELING

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phifer, M.

    2014-11-17

    At the request of Area Completion Projects (ACP) in support of the 488-4D Landfill closure, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has performed Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) modeling of the planned 488-4D Ash Landfill closure cap to ensure that the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) limit of no more than 12 inches of head on top of the barrier layer (saturated hydraulic conductivity of no more than 1.0E-05 cm/s) in association with a 25-year, 24-hour storm event is not projected to be exceeded. Based upon Weber 1998 a 25-year, 24-hour storm event at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is 6.1 inches. The results of the HELP modeling indicate that the greatest peak daily head on top of the barrier layer (i.e. geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) or high density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane) for any of the runs made was 0.079 inches associated with a peak daily precipitation of 6.16 inches. This is well below the SCDHEC limit of 12 inches.

  3. O sintoma: de Freud a Lacan El síntoma: de Freud a Lacan The symptom: from Freud to Lacan

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    Maria das Graças Leite Villela Dias

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda a teoria do sintoma em Freud e a releitura efetuada por Lacan, na dimensão do simbólico - pelo viés do "inconsciente estruturado como linguagem" - e na dimensão do real - pela vertente do "inconsciente pulsional", apontando para as duas dimensões do sintoma: o "sintoma-metáfora", uma formação do inconsciente que se sustenta em uma satisfação de desejo e tem um sentido recalcado, que pode ser decifrado; e, o "sintoma-letra de gozo", que se distingue das demais formações do inconsciente na medida em que a satisfação de desejo, nele envolvida, tem um caráter problemático e paradoxal: é uma "satisfação real", "às avessas", para além do princípio do prazer e vinculada à pulsão de morte.Este artículo trata la teoría del síntoma en Freud y la relectura efectuada por Lacan, en la dimensión de lo simbólico - bajo el prisma del "inconsciente estructurado como lenguaje" - y en la dimensión de lo real - desde el punto de vista del "inconsciente pulsional", señalando las dos dimensiones del síntoma: primeramente, el "síntoma metáfora", una formación del inconsciente, apoyada en una satisfacción de deseo con un sentido reprimido que puede descifrarse; y secundariamente, el "síntoma goce", diferente de las otras formaciones inconscientes, una vez que la satisfacción de deseo involucrada en él, tiene un rasgo problemático y paradójico: es una "satisfacción real", "al revés", más allá del principio del placer y unida a la pulsión de muerte.This article deals with both, the 'theory of symptom' in Freud, as well as, Lacan's re-reading of it, in the dimension of the symbolic - through the vein of the 'unconscious, structured as language' and, in the dimension of the real - from the point of view of the 'driving unconscious'. Thus, it points to two dimensions of the symptom: firstly, 'the symptom-metaphor', an unconscious formation, supported by the satisfaction of a wish with a repressed sense, which can

  4. Acerca de la verdad: Heidegger y Lacan. Fenomenología y Psicoanálisis // About the truth: Heidegger and Lacan. Phenomenology and psychoanalysis

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    Luciano Lutereau

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se inscribe en el proyecto "Fenomenología y Psicoanálisis: Convergencias y divergencias" (UCES y demuestra la proximidad entre las concepciones de la verdad en Heidegger y Lacan. El recorrido explicita referencias tempranas en la enseñanza de Lacan con el objetivo de delimitar notas básicas de la noción; en un segundo apartado explicita la concepción heideggeriana; en el tercer apartado expone distintas referencias sobre la verdad en el Seminario 17 de Lacan, con el designio de sistematizar diferentes indicaciones dispersas, a partir de la concepción heideggeriana como hilo conductor. En un último apartado, extrae una consideración clínica relativa a la regla fundamental. // The article makes part of the project "Phenomenology and Psychoanalysis: Convergence and difference" (UCES and tries to demonstrates the proximity among the truth conceptions of Heidegger and Lacan. The text specifies early references about Lacan‘s teachings with the target of delimit basics notes of the notion, in a second section it explains Heidegger conception; in a third section it exposes different references about the truth at Lacan 17seminar, with the plan of systematize various indications, since the Heidegger conception as main line. In the last section, it extracts a clinical consideration relating to the fundamental rule.

  5. The Politics of the Gaze Foucault, Lacan and Zizek

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    Henry Krips

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Joan Copjec accuses orthodox film theory of misrepresenting the Lacanian gaze by assimilating it to Foucauldian panopticon (Copjec 1994: 18-19. Although Copjec is correct that orthodox film theory misrepresents the Lacanian gaze, she, in turn, misrepresents Foucault by choosing to focus exclusively upon those as-pects of his work on the panopticon that have been taken up by orthodox film the-ory (Copjec 1994: 4. In so doing, I argue, Copjec misses key parallels between the Lacanian and Foucauldian concepts of the gaze. More than a narrow academic dispute about how to read Foucault and Lacan, this debate has wider political sig-nificance. In particular, using Slavoj Zizek's work, I show that a correct account of the panoptic gaze leads us to rethink the question of how to oppose modern techniques of surveillance.

  6. La psiquiatría española y Jacques Lacan antes de 1975

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    Druet, Anne Cécile

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyse the presence of Jacques Lacan in the domain of Spanish psychiatry before 1975. Firstly, it addresses this question through an examination of the psychiatric press and an analysis of all references made to Lacan (origin, features and development in quantitative and qualitative terms. Secondly, it addresses the history, the context and the consequences of the two lectures that Jacques Lacan gave in Barcelona in 1958 and 1972, at the invitation of some Spanish psychiatrists.El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar la presencia de Jacques Lacan en el ámbito psiquiátrico español antes de 1975. Se aborda en un primer momento esta cuestión a través del escrutinio de la prensa psiquiátrica y del análisis de las referencias a Lacan que aparecen en ella (origen, características, y evolución en términos cuantitativos y cualitativos. Se aborda a continuación la historia, el contexto y las consecuencias de las dos conferencias que Jacques Lacan, invitado por los psiquiatras españoles, dio en Barcelona en 1958 y 1972.

  7. Fantasma, mito y dibujo en la enseñanza de Lacan // Phantom, myth and drawing in Lacan´s lessons

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    Nicolás Uribe Aramburo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo aporta puntualizaciones al debate psicoanalítico sobre el valor simbólico del dibujo en la clínica a partir de la enseñanza de Jaques Lacan. En principio se muestran algunas de las principales correspondencias que Lacan establece entre los mitos de la humanidad y los conceptos de "mito individual del neurótico" y de "fantasma". Seguidamente se describen las posturas de este autor acerca de las funciones que tienen el significante, la palabra y lo simbólico en la construcción del fantasma, mostrando que para este autor las imágenes también pueden comportar una función significante que favorece el tránsito entre lo imaginario y lo simbólico. A partir de este recorrido por la enseñanza de Lacan se cuestiona la idea de que las imágenes solo pertenecen al registro de lo imaginario, pues con base en esta idea desde algunas posturas se tiende a restringir el trabajo clínico al uso de la palabra, excluyendo de forma indirecta el uso de otros medios simbólicos tales como el dibujo, punto de vista que resulta controvertido en el ensayo. Finalmente se presentan las principales ideas de Lacan sobre la función significante y simbólica de la imagen y más específicamente del dibujo en la construcción del fantasma. // This article provides detailed explanations to the psychoanalytical debate about the symbolic value of the drawing in the clinical institution from Lacan lessons. First, some of the main relations where Lacan establishes associations between the human myths and concepts of "neurotic individual myth" and "phantom" are shown. Next the author's postures about the functions meaning, word, and symbolic have in phantom construction are described, showing the images also can symbolize for the author a meaningful function that favor traffic between imaginary and symbolic. After the study of these Lacan lessons the idea that images are only part of the imaginary record is questioned, based on this idea from some postures

  8. Klein and Lacan meet 21st century schizoid man: fairy stories for the modern era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, Marilyn

    2014-09-01

    Melanie Klein invited us into the phenomenology of the schizoid dilemma through her depictions of the paranoid-schizoid position. By inserting his recursive arrows, Bion extended this conceptualization, showing us the folly of believing that we can ever entirely move beyond the frightening fantasies and realities of social exclusion and isolation. The 21st century has brought, along with the explosion of technology, an expulsion from the social order of many children who have found refuge from isolation and humiliation in the more accessible and less terrifying world of media and technological invention. What may look like narcissism can mask a terrible underlying schizoid failure to enter into the human race. This is the realm of fantasy run amok, where desire becomes alien and alienated such that one is haunted and hunted down by its very possibility. In this universe, conceptualizations from Klein, Bion, and Lacan help us to locate the individual who has become caught in a massive psychic retreat such that there is no subject because there are no objects. To illustrate, I describe my work with a young man who is living in a terrible "zombie zone" where people are not real and therefore are incomprehensible and terribly dangerous. The poignancy of his dilemma is heartbreaking. Perhaps that is one lesson we can still take from our old fairy tales: when one's heart can be broken by another's plight, then comes the possibility of a healing, an entry through that piercing of what had been impenetrable.

  9. Depressão ou lassidão do pensamento? Reflexões sobre o Spinoza de Lacan Depression or thought's laziness? Reflexions on Lacan's Spinoza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio M. R. Teixeira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O autor visa tratar da articulação proposta por Lacan, em Télévision, entre o afeto de tristeza e a noção de covardia moral, no sentido de um julgamento ético que a psicanálise pronuncia acerca da posição do sujeito deprimido. Para esse fim, o autor examina a referência de Lacan à ética de Spinoza, o qual reconhece, no afeto de tristeza, uma ausência de tensão lógica do pensamento.The author aims to deal with the articulation proposed by Lacan, in Télévision, between the affection of sadness and the notion of moral cowardice, in the sense of an ethical judgment pronounced by psychoanalysis regarding the position of the depressed subject. For this end, the author examines Lacan's lecture of Spinoza's ethics, which recognizes, in the affection of sadness, a lack of logical tension in the act of thinking.

  10. Las identificaciones en la primera parte de la obra de Lacan (1931-1959 Identifications in the first period of Lacan 's works (1931-1959

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Mazzuca

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo responde al objetivo de explorar las particularidades del concepto de identificación a lo largo de la obra de Lacan para registrar sus transformaciones, distinguir las variedades de identificación delimitadas sucesivamente y precisar la originalidad de ese concepto lacaniano definiendo los rasgos que lo diferencian tanto de la concepción de las identificaciones en la obra de Freud como de los posfreudianos. El período de referencia ha sido distribuido en tres tramos: el de los antecedentes (hasta el comienzo de su enseñanza alrededor de 1951, el momento inicial del estructuralismo (cuatro primeros seminarios, y la culminación de esta posición (en los seminarios quinto y sexto. En las conclusiones se destaca las notorias transformaciones del concepto de identificación en este periodo, así como la extensa variedad de tipos de identificación que Lacan introduce en cada uno de esos tramos. También se precisan dos rasgos distintivos en relación con el concepto freudiano.This project intends to explore the specificities of the concept of identification in Lacan's work. It does so by analyzing its transformations, distinguishing the successive types of identification presented by the author, and discussing the relationship with Freud's understanding of identification as well as with the post-Freudian theorists'. The periodization is divided in three stages: the antecedents (before 1951, when Lacan begins to teach, the initial structuralist moment (the first four seminars, and the culmination of this position (in seminars five and six. The conclusion highlights the transformations of the concept during this period, as well as the great variety of types Lacan introduces in each stage. Moreover, two differences with Freud's concept are discussed.

  11. Using Role Models to Help Celebrate Paralympic Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastro, James; Ahrens, Christopher; Statton, Nathan

    2012-01-01

    A role model is a person or challenge that inspires an individual to go beyond what is expected of him or her and to reach a specific goal. Role models can exemplify motivation, passion, and a genuine love of their life's work. All students need role models, and Paralympic sport athletes can be just that, especially for students with disabilities.…

  12. Using Role Models to Help Celebrate Paralympic Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastro, James; Ahrens, Christopher; Statton, Nathan

    2012-01-01

    A role model is a person or challenge that inspires an individual to go beyond what is expected of him or her and to reach a specific goal. Role models can exemplify motivation, passion, and a genuine love of their life's work. All students need role models, and Paralympic sport athletes can be just that, especially for students with disabilities.…

  13. Toward an ethics of psychoanalysis: a critical reading of Lacan's ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirshner, Lewis A

    2012-12-01

    Lacan's seminar The Ethics of Psychoanalysis (1959-1960) pursues, from a Freudian perspective, a fundamental philosophical question classically addressed by Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics: How is human life best lived and fulfilled? Is there is an ethic of this type intrinsic to psychoanalysis? Lacan placed the problem of desire at the center of his Ethics. His notorious self-authorized freedom from convention and probable crossing of limits (see Roudinesco 1993) may have led mainstream analysts to ignore his admonition: "At every moment we need to know what our effective relationship is to the desire to do good, to the desire to cure" (Lacan 1959-1960, p. 219). This means that the analyst's desire, as well as the patient's, is always in play in his attempt to sustain an ethical position. An examination of Lacan's seminar highlights this link, but also points to a number of unresolved issues. The patient's desire is a complex matter, readily entangled in neurotic compromise, defense, and transference, and the analyst's commitment to it is also problematic because of the inevitable co-presence of his own desire. Lacan suggested that more emphasis be placed in training on the desire of the analyst, but beyond that a proposal is advanced for the institutionalization of a "third" as reviewer and interlocutor in routine analytic practice. Analysis may not be a discipline that can be limited to a dyadic treatment relationship.

  14. The subjetivacion of the lack: between Lacan and Hegel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Souyris Oportot

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The present article develops a reflection concerning the figure of the subjectivation and the statute of the lack  in relation to Jacques Lacan y Hegel's thought . The analysis will be addressed from a philosophical approach as and with a psychoanalytic perspective, to show the need to understand the subjectivity, not already as a "work" of duel, but ligature to the loss and the split. The idea is that the above mentioned significances make possible deconstruir and to rethink the duel in lack, that he structures to the subject in an experience "escripturaire" (escriptural and, for the same thing, of dispossession. So that the figure of the subjetivación "in" lack  will allow to grant an important place to the non-place while I spread where the unthinkable thing and the "Autre" registers.  Once exposed this, the reflection will focus on the tragic exigences behind experience “escripturaire” expressed in the image of Antigone

  15. How Do Artifact Models Help Direct SPI Projects?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhrmann, Marco; Richardson, Ita

    2015-01-01

    To overcome shortcomings associated with software process improvement (SPI), we previously recommended that process engineers focus on the artifacts to be developed in SPI projects. These artifacts should define desired outcomes, rather than specific methods. During this prior research, we...... developed a model for Artifact-based Software Process Improvement & Management (ArSPI). We are now carrying out studies to confirm our claims that ArSPI will provide benefits such as quality assurance. In this paper, we report on an experimental setting in which we developed and analyzed a strategy to use...... artifact models to direct process model improvement. We analyzed a process specification, the realized model, and the generated electronic process guide. We used ArSPI v0.9 as our process model and the Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) as an external reference to provide a set of overall...

  16. Personalized nursing LIGHT model. Love, Intend, Give, Help, Touching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, M D; Smereck, G A

    1989-01-01

    The Personalized Nursing LIGHT model is a prescriptive model for nursing. It is a model for nursing practice derived from a synthesis of Aristotle's theory of ethics and Martha E. Rogers' science of unitary human beings. The LIGHT model provides a mechanism for nurses to assist clients to improve their sense of well-being. The authors believe that improving well-being is the focus of nursing. Using principles synthesized from Aristotle and Rogers, clients are encouraged to use their talents in the pursuit of well-being and happiness in an increasingly complex world.

  17. How computational models can help unlock biological systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodland, G Wayne

    2015-12-01

    With computation models playing an ever increasing role in the advancement of science, it is important that researchers understand what it means to model something; recognize the implications of the conceptual, mathematical and algorithmic steps of model construction; and comprehend what models can and cannot do. Here, we use examples to show that models can serve a wide variety of roles, including hypothesis testing, generating new insights, deepening understanding, suggesting and interpreting experiments, tracing chains of causation, doing sensitivity analyses, integrating knowledge, and inspiring new approaches. We show that models can bring together information of different kinds and do so across a range of length scales, as they do in multi-scale, multi-faceted embryogenesis models, some of which connect gene expression, the cytoskeleton, cell properties, tissue mechanics, morphogenetic movements and phenotypes. Models cannot replace experiments nor can they prove that particular mechanisms are at work in a given situation. But they can demonstrate whether or not a proposed mechanism is sufficient to produce an observed phenomenon. Although the examples in this article are taken primarily from the field of embryo mechanics, most of the arguments and discussion are applicable to any form of computational modelling.

  18. Understanding earth system models: how Global Sensitivity Analysis can help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pianosi, Francesca; Wagener, Thorsten

    2017-04-01

    Computer models are an essential element of earth system sciences, underpinning our understanding of systems functioning and influencing the planning and management of socio-economic-environmental systems. Even when these models represent a relatively low number of physical processes and variables, earth system models can exhibit a complicated behaviour because of the high level of interactions between their simulated variables. As the level of these interactions increases, we quickly lose the ability to anticipate and interpret the model's behaviour and hence the opportunity to check whether the model gives the right response for the right reasons. Moreover, even if internally consistent, an earth system model will always produce uncertain predictions because it is often forced by uncertain inputs (due to measurement errors, pre-processing uncertainties, scarcity of measurements, etc.). Lack of transparency about the scope of validity, limitations and the main sources of uncertainty of earth system models can be a strong limitation to their effective use for both scientific and decision-making purposes. Global Sensitivity Analysis (GSA) is a set of statistical analysis techniques to investigate the complex behaviour of earth system models in a structured, transparent and comprehensive way. In this presentation, we will use a range of examples across earth system sciences (with a focus on hydrology) to demonstrate how GSA is a fundamental element in advancing the construction and use of earth system models, including: verifying the consistency of the model's behaviour with our conceptual understanding of the system functioning; identifying the main sources of output uncertainty so to focus efforts for uncertainty reduction; finding tipping points in forcing inputs that, if crossed, would bring the system to specific conditions we want to avoid.

  19. Microenvironment Tracker (MicroTrac) Model helps track air quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    MicroTrac is a model that uses global positioning system (GPS) data to estimate time of day and duration that people spend in different microenvironments (e.g., indoors and outdoors at home, work, school).

  20. Modelling social identification and helping in evacuation simulation

    CERN Document Server

    von Sivers, I; Künzner, F; Köster, G; Drury, J; Philippides, A; Neckel, T; Bungartz, H -J

    2016-01-01

    Social scientists have criticised computer models of pedestrian streams for their treatment of psychological crowds as mere aggregations of individuals. Indeed most models for evacuation dynamics use analogies from physics where pedestrians are considered as particles. Although this ensures that the results of the simulation match important physical phenomena, such as the deceleration of the crowd with increasing density, social phenomena such as group processes are ignored. In particular, people in a crowd have social identities and share those social identities with the others in the crowd. The process of self categorisation determines norms within the crowd and influences how people will behave in evacuation situations. We formulate the application of social identity in pedestrian simulation algorithmically. The goal is to examine whether it is possible to carry over the psychological model to computer models of pedestrian motion so that simulation results correspond to observations from crowd psychology. ...

  1. Electricity Market Manipulation: How Behavioral Modeling Can Help Market Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallo, Giulia [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-12-18

    The question of how to best design electricity markets to integrate variable and uncertain renewable energy resources is becoming increasingly important as more renewable energy is added to electric power systems. Current markets were designed based on a set of assumptions that are not always valid in scenarios of high penetrations of renewables. In a future where renewables might have a larger impact on market mechanisms as well as financial outcomes, there is a need for modeling tools and power system modeling software that can provide policy makers and industry actors with more realistic representations of wholesale markets. One option includes using agent-based modeling frameworks. This paper discusses how key elements of current and future wholesale power markets can be modeled using an agent-based approach and how this approach may become a useful paradigm that researchers can employ when studying and planning for power systems of the future.

  2. De la subjectivité prise dans le langage : Agamben et Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaury Delvaux

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The attempt of this paper is to build a discussion between Giorgio Agamben and Jacques Lacan about their theories of the subject. Our lecture of Agamben’s theory of subjectivity is determined by the thesis that the birth of subjectivity depends on the structure of the exception and that this implies that « shame » is the subject’s elementary structure. After exposing this thesis about the agambenian subjectivity, we will show how some of its aspects can be related to the subject of unconscious as it has been theorized by Lacan. This comparison will allow us to look, in the thought of Agamben and Lacan, for another way to elaborate the emergence of the subjectivity. Finally, we will assess the connections of the lacanian and the agambenian alternatives with the linguistic of Ferdinand de Saussure.

  3. Em torno do conceito de metáfora de Jakobson e Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Gelson Santana

    1994-01-01

    O presente trabalho resulta da leitura dos textos: “Dois aspectos da linguagem e dois tipos de afasia", de Roman Jakobson ( 1975), e "L'instance de la lettre dans l'inconscient ou la raison depuis Freud" de Jacques Lacan (1966), em comparação com a leitura que deles faz Jean-François Lyotard, em Discours Figure (1985, p. 250-60). This paper considers Jean-François Lyotard's vision about the diferences between Roman Jakobson e Jaques Lacan concepts of metaphor and metonim.

  4. Anticipation and subjectivity: A commentary on an early text by Lacan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blomme, David; Hoens, Dominiek

    2000-05-01

    In his 1945 paper Lacan discusses a sophism to exemplify crucial moments in the becoming of a human subject. One of these moments is the anticipation of an identity. This anticipatory decision is confirmed in a subsequent logical reasoning. In our paper we will present the sophism in its details and will focus on the essential moment of anticipation. The further (and sometimes implicit) reworking of this notion by Lacan shows that, according to psychoanalysis, anticipation is an important mechanism that involves time and the presence of the other.

  5. Figures in the Lacanian Field: Reading Literature, Theatre and Cinema with the Later Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Jennifer MURRAY

    2014-01-01

    Introduction In the Lacanian field, the enigma, or rather, the mystery, at the core of subjectivity goes by the name of the Real. “The Real” says Lacan, “is the mystery of the speaking body,” and he adds, “the mystery of the unconscious” (SXX 131), such that speech, the body and an “unthinkable” dimension (Lacan SXXII Dec. 10, 1974), are invoked conjointly, and in some sense, inextricably, in a redefinition of the unconscious as Real. This Real is very much at stake in Lacan’s later teaching,...

  6. "Si Dios no existe" Edipo y el parricidio en el Seminario XVII de Jacques Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    El texto analiza algunas consideraciones que el psicoanalista francés Jacques Lacan, en su Seminario XVII, El reverso del psicoanálisis, hace acerca de la formulación freudiana del complejo de Edipo. Primero se plantean algunas de sus ideas acerca de este complejo y su relación con el deseo de la madre. Luego se hace referencia al cuestionamiento que hace Lacan de algunas de las tesis de Freud sobre las implicaciones del parricidio en la constitución de la cultura. Finalmente, se plantea la i...

  7. Convergências e divergências nas teorias do narcisismo de Kohut e de Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Gageiro Coutinho

    Full Text Available Kohut e Lacan construíram teorias bastante críticas em relação à teoria do ego autônomo de Hartmann, caracterizadas justamente por partirem de questões referentes ao narcisismo enfatizado no que diz respeito à sua estreita relação com o registro objetal. No entanto, as teorias de Kohut e de Lacan baseiam-se em certos princípios teóricos e clínicos divergentes.

  8. Algumas considerações sobre a fantasia em Freud e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Fernandes Carreira

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute algumas considerações de Freud e Lacan a respeito da fantasia, salientando a sua gênese e função para o sujeito. Para isso, retoma os três tempos da fantasia trazidos por Freud e as duas operações lógicas, que constituem o articulador entre o sujeito e o “objeto a”, presentes no matema da fantasia elaborado por Lacan, a saber: a alienação e a separação.

  9. Can models help to forecast rainwater dynamics for rainfed ecosystem?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhtar Ahmed

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Simulation models are important tools to explore and illustrate dynamics of climatic variables in crop based ecosystem. In the rainfed ecosystem (RE, wheat production is impinged on certain climatic events per se high variability in rainfall and increased temperature. These climatic events turn out due to climatic drivers like Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs and pressure. Current study is aimed to analyze long term rainfall data (1961–2011 of Pakistan׳s rainfed ecosystem zone (Islamabad, Chakwal and Talagang by using Agricultural Production Systems Simulator (APSIM and R model. The principal objective of this analysis was to study the link between SOI phases and SSTs; and thereby understanding the pattern of climate change due to these climatic drivers under rainfed conditions in Pakistan. The results revealed a positive link between July SOI phases and the rainfall variability during October–November (the sowing time of wheat in Pakistan. Long term rainfall data analysis (1961–2011 of Islamabad, Chakwal and Talagang revealed 44%, 40%, 35% possibility of exceeding median rainfall near zero whereas probability of consistently negative SOI phases were 35%, 34% and 33% respectively during July. Similarly, the forecasting results estimated by R using covariates like dry spell, NINO1.2, NINO3, NINO4, NINO3.4 and IOD of different months revealed that prediction of monsoon, wheat early growth, wheat grain filling period and total wheat growing season rainfall, have significant signals with climatic drivers. The study justified the importance of models in the decision making processes and rainfall forecasting as a beneficial and necessary tool for rainfed ecosystem conservation.

  10. Model-based benefit-risk assessment: can Archimedes help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishna, R

    2009-03-01

    In December 2008, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a new draft Guidance for Industry on Diabetes Mellitus--evaluating cardiovascular risk in new antidiabetic therapies to treat Type 2 diabetes. This guidance comes at a time when recent discussions have focused on delineation of cardiovascular risk reduction for new antidiabetic drugs. Computational tools that can enable early prediction of cardiovascular risk are reviewed with specific reference to Archimedes (Kaiser Permanente), with an aim of proposing a model-based solution and enabling decisions to be made as early as possible in the drug development value chain.

  11. Diálogos de Lacan na reinvenção do inconsciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Rafael Barbosa Caselli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar e explicitar três momentos da interlocução de Jacques Lacan com o estruturalismo em seu percurso de reinvenção do inconsciente. Como metodologia, foram analisados três textos dos teóricos estruturalistas referidos por Lacan: o antropólogo Claude Lévi-Strauss e os linguistas Ferdinand de Saussure e Roman Jakobson. Com o intuito de dimensionar a asserção lacaniana de que “o inconsciente é estruturado como uma linguagem”, este trabalho propõe um percurso de leitura que busca evidenciar em profundidade o diálogo que Lacan manteve com estes autores. Tal proposta é desenvolvida a partir da leitura rigorosa e elaboração de comentários sobre os textos dos autores estruturalistas, com foco na formulação original de seus conceitos e apropriações efetuadas por Lacan. Desse modo, busca-se demonstrar como alguns conceitos propostos pela antropologia estrutural de Lévi-Strauss e pela linguística estrutural de Saussure e Jakobson, uma vez reformulados, constituem os pilares sobre os quais repousam a estrutura do inconsciente lacaniano formalizada no escrito “A instância da letra no inconsciente”.

  12. Love, drive and desire in the works of Freud, Lacan and Proust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gammelgaard, Judy

    2011-08-01

    Both Freud and Lacan have made love the object of scientific enquiry, which is in itself remarkable, since we usually turn this subject over to literary and philosophical treatment. This article discusses Freud and Lacan's contributions to the psychology of love through dialogue with Marcel Proust's seminal novel, Remembrance of Things Past, with special emphasis on the middle sections. The point of departure is love's manifestation in the analytical situation. Freud has described transference love as both resistance and as an extreme variant of normal falling in love, to which Lacan adds the deceptive character of transference. From transference love the investigation continues to the contradictions Freud has described in Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality as love's affectionate and sensual currents. Lacan contributes the concept of desire, which must be distinguished from drive and love. The differentiation between desire, drive and love introduces the perspective necessary for a psychoanalytic reading of Proust's opus. The main objective is a reading of the protagonists, Albertine and the Baron de Charlus, as representatives of the vicissitudes of love and drive, respectively.

  13. Identification and Subjectivity in a Year-3 Classroom: Using Lacan's Mirror Stage to Analyse Ethnographic Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Sue

    2014-01-01

    This paper is a re-engagement with some ethnographic data, originally analysed using a sociocultural approach. It makes use of a recent proposal that Lacan's "mirror stage" when applied to an analysis of classroom settings and interactions can offer a fruitful way of explaining and understanding classroom lives, identities and…

  14. Some remarks on adolescence with particular reference to Winnicott and Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanier, A

    2001-07-01

    Utilizing observations on adolescence--notably those of Winnicott, as well as the work of Lacan and a clinical case--the author advances several propositions concerning the unique relationship between adolescents and time. The consequences of this relationship are then framed as a paternal metaphor.

  15. The Thing Never Speaks for Itself: Lacan and the Pedagogical Politics of Clarity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoki, Douglas Sadao

    2000-01-01

    Asserts that teaching conceived of as translation of complex material into plain language is actually refusal to teach. Using Lacan's psychoanalytic theory, describes teaching framed by clarity is suspect and exclusionary. States that no text speaks for itself, without context. (Author/SK)

  16. Psychological Analysis of "Humboldt's Gift" from the Perspective of Lacan's Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Fang

    2017-01-01

    Two protagonists Humboldt and Citrine in "Humboldt's gift" are characterized as restless even lunatic, for they are constantly or madly seeking something such as honor, power or intimate relationship something or other. This thesis intends to analyze Humboldt and Citrine's psychological troubles from the perspective of Lacan's theory and…

  17. A Desire for the Marsupial Space: A Lacanian Reading of Lacan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghamohammadi, Mehdi

    2017-01-01

    Jacques Lacan is regarded as an influential French psychoanalyst in the 20th century. In the present article, first, a brief biography of this interpreter of Sigmund Freud is presented and then his key psychoanalytic theories, largely about the infant-mother-father relationship, are summarized. These data are finally analyzed mainly according to…

  18. Considerações a respeito do conceito de real em Lacan Las consideraciones con respecto al concepto de real en Lacan Considerations regarding the concept of real in Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Camilo Chaves

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho visa elucidar a noção de real em Lacan no período que vai dos primeiros escritos ao Seminário, livro III, “As psicoses”, de 1955/1956. A discussão gira em torno das relações entre o imaginário e o real e entre o simbólico, o imaginário e o real. Lacan, primeiramente, atrela o imaginário ao real permeado pelo termo imago, cunhado por Freud. Logo em seguida, privilegia o simbólico e define a experiência psicanalítica como pertencente a esta ordem. No momento anterior,o real da experiência psicanalítica será da ordem do imaginário e nesse segundo instante será da ordem do simbólico. Tem-se aí a famosa tríade simbólico, imaginário e real. Mais à frente, em seu pensamento, o real vai ser definido como o que escapa ao simbólico. Tratar-se-á do impossível da relação sexual.El presente trabajo busca elucidar la noción de Real en Lacan en el período que se extiende de las primeras escrituras al Seminario, libro III," Las psicosis", de 1955/1956. La discusión rueda alrededor de las relaciones Imaginario y Real; Simbólico, Imaginario y Real. Lacan, primeramente, ata el Imaginario al Real penetrado por el término imago, proveniente de Freud. Por consiguiente, poco después, privilegia el Simbólico y define la experiencia psicoanalítica como siendo de este orden. En el momento anterior, el Real de la experiencia psicoanalítica será del orden del Imaginario. En un según momento, el Real de la experiencia analítica será del orden del Simbólico. Hay allí, la triada famosa, Simbólico, Imaginario y Real. Adelante, en su pensamiento, el Real se definirá como lo que escapa del Simbólico. Se tratará del imposible de la relación sexual.The present work seeks to elucidate the notion of Real in Lacan in the period that is going from the first writings to the Seminar, book III, " The psychoses ", of 1955/1956. The discussion rotates around the Imaginary and Real relationships; Symbolic, Imaginary

  19. On the current state of the Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Klaus U

    2015-04-01

    The Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model is the most widely applied model to calculate the water balance of cover and bottom liner systems for landfills. The paper summarizes the 30 year history of the model from HELP version 1 to HELP 3.95 D and includes references to the three current and simultaneously available versions (HELP 3.07, Visual HELP 2.2, and HELP 3.95 D). A sufficient validation is an essential precondition for the use of any model in planning. The paper summarizes validation approaches for HELP 3 focused on cover systems in the literature. Furthermore, measurement results are compared to simulation results of HELP 3.95 D for (1) a test field with a compacted clay liner in the final cover of the landfill Hamburg-Georgswerder from 1988 to 1995 and (2) a test field with a 2.3m thick so-called water balance layer on the landfill Deetz near Berlin from 2004 to 2011. On the Georgswerder site actual evapotranspiration was well reproduced by HELP on the yearly average as well as in the seasonal course if precipitation data with 10% systematic measurement errors were used. However, the increase of liner leakage due to the deterioration of the clayey soil liner was not considered by the model. On the landfill Deetz HELP overestimated largely the percolation through the water balance layer resulting from an extremely wet summer due to an underestimation of the water storage in the layer and presumably also due to an underestimation of the actual evapotranspiration. Finally based on validation results and requests from the practice, plans for improving the model to a future version HELP 4 D are described.

  20. Assessing the Utility of the Willingness/Prototype Model in Predicting Help-Seeking Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammer, Joseph H.; Vogel, David L.

    2013-01-01

    Prior research on professional psychological help-seeking behavior has operated on the assumption that the decision to seek help is based on intentional and reasoned processes. However, research on the dual-process prototype/willingness model (PWM; Gerrard, Gibbons, Houlihan, Stock, & Pomery, 2008) suggests health-related decisions may also…

  1. The modeling of the ENSO events with the help of a simple model

    CERN Document Server

    Stepanov, V N

    2007-01-01

    The Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is modelled with the help of a simple model representing a classical damped oscillator forced by external forcing. Eastern Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) and the mean equatorial Pacific thermocline depth correspond to the roles of momentum and position. The external forcing of the system is supplied by short-period meridional mass fluctuations in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean due to the joint effect of the atmospheric variability over the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), bottom topography and coastlines, and also by the variability of westerly winds in the tropics. Under such conditions the ENSO-like oscillations arise as a result of propagation of signals due to both initial signals appeared in the Southern Ocean and the tropical westerly wind anomaly, that propagate then across the equatorial Pacific by means of fast wave processes. The external forcings are the main factor in establishing the oscillation pattern.

  2. Helping Teachers Grow: Toward Theory and Practice of an "Emergent Curriculum" Model of Staff Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, David A.; Roach, Mary A.

    2006-01-01

    A model of developmentally appropriate practice in helping teachers grow is described. The model derives from a consideration of the psychological processes by which adults learn, and our desire to teach adults by the same methods we hope they will use in teaching children. The model includes a sequence of six kinds of interactions that the…

  3. El concepto de verdad en la teoría de Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Centoira, Rocío

    2015-01-01

    El problema a investigar se basa en tres preguntas, ¿con que conceptos se entrecruza la concepción de verdad de Lacan, en la década del 50` y en la década del 70`?, ¿Qué relación hay en la clínica entre la verdad y el goce? ¿Como la concepción sobre estos conceptos afecta a la clínica? El objetivo será dar cuenta sobre los cambios de la concepción de verdad en diferentes momentos de la obra de Lacan. Para esto, se toma el método bibliográfico de investigación. Se recurrió a, el escrito “La co...

  4. Em torno do conceito de metáfora de Jakobson e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelson Santana

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho resulta da leitura dos textos: “Dois aspectos da linguagem e dois tipos de afasia", de Roman Jakobson ( 1975, e "L'instance de la lettre dans l'inconscient ou la raison depuis Freud" de Jacques Lacan (1966, em comparação com a leitura que deles faz Jean-François Lyotard, em Discours Figure (1985, p. 250-60.

  5. Merleau-Ponty, Lacan e Pessoa: o esfacelamento pulsional da visão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maicon Reus Engler

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo mostra como alguns temas que Merleau-Ponty e Lacan mantêm em comum são tratados poeticamente na Ode Triunfal de Álvaro de Campos (Fernando Pessoa. Trata-se de uma tentativa de exemplificar como a literatura pode expressar a seu modo várias ideias e posições que a filosofia alcança de forma teórica. Apresentamos brevemente os conceitos de Ser Bruto e de Carne, introduzidos por Merleau-Ponty para evitar os dualismos seculares da filosofia. Além disso, esboçamos como ele, em sua obra tardia, discute o visível e o invisível no interior da mesma estratégia de reabilitação da sensibilidade que já encetara em seus primeiros escritos. Em seguida, mostramos como Lacan apropria-se de tais considerações para ressaltar a existência de uma visão, proveniente das coisas mesmas e prenhe de elementos pulsionais, que antecede o olhar do vidente. Para Lacan, o vidente sujeita-se com prazer sacrificial a tal visão e nela aniquila. Por fim, comentamos partes do poema de Pessoa em que se exemplificam os principais pontos em apreço.

  6. Medicine, symbolization and the "real" body--Lacan's understanding of medical science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwart, H

    1998-01-01

    Throughout the 20th century, philosophers have criticized the scientific understanding of the human body. Instead of presenting the body as a meaningful unity or Gestalt, it is regarded as a complex mechanism and described in quasi-mechanistic terms. In a phenomenological approach, a more intimate experience of the body is presented. This approach, however, is questioned by Jacques Lacan. According to Lacan, three basic possibilities of experiencing the body are to be distinguished: the symbolical (or scientific) body, the imaginary (or ideal) body and the real body. Whereas the symbolical body is increasingly objectified (and even digitalized) by medical science, the phenomenological perception amounts to an idealization of the body. The real body cannot be perceived immediately. Rather, it emerges in the folds and margins of our efforts to symbolize or idealize the body, which are bound to remain incomplete and fragile. In the first part of the article (section 1-section 3), Lacan's conceptual distinction between the symbolical, the imaginary and the real body will be explained. In the second part (section 4-section 5), this distinction will be further clarified by relying on crucial chapters in the history of anatomy (notably Mundinus, Vesalius, Da Vinci and Descartes).

  7. Do vazio ao objeto: das ding e a sublimação em Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariana Lucero

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se esclarecer a formulação lacaniana de que "a sublimação eleva um objeto à dignidade da Coisa". A hipótese de que das Ding, ou a Coisa, é o que permanece de irrepresentável na experiência de satisfação, o que padece do significante e pode ser remetido à pura falta, ao vazio, leva-nos a pensar a sublimação como a construção de um objeto que explicite essa opacidade. Este percurso argumentativo será ilustrado por análises da literatura de amor cortês e de algumas obras de arte referidas pelo próprio Lacan em suas considerações sobre a sublimação.From emptiness to the object: das Ding and the sublimation in Jacques Lacan. The aim is to clarify the Lacanian formulation that "sublimation raises an object to the dignity of the Thing". The hypothesis according to which das Ding, or the Thing, is what remains irrepresentable in the experience of satisfaction, what suffers from the signifier and can be related to the pure lack is developed and leads us to think sublimation as the construction of an object that express such opacity. To this end, examples from the courtly love literature and from works of art referred by Lacan in his approach of sublimation will be analyzed.

  8. Alcibíades y el agalma: momento platónico de Jacques Lacan/Alcibiades and agalma: a Jacques Lacan platonic momentum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Etchegoyhen

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En El Banquete de Platón, al elogiar Alcibíades a Sócrates, hace pública su loca pasión por éste. En 1961 Jacques Lacan estudiará exhaustivamente ese Diálogo, afirmando que es la descripción de la transferencia más antigua y larga que se conozca; trabaja la erótica de la paiderastía (erastès-erómenos y revela al agalma, como antecedente de su concepto de objeto a. Philippe Julien (1985 y Danielle Arnoux, actualmente, retoman y despliegan valiosos aspectos de esa original elaboración lacaniana. Alcibiade praises Socrates at Plato´s Symposium, and declares publicly his mad passion for him. Jacques Lacan studied hard and deep the Dialogue and made explicit that his was the most ancient and long description of a prsychoanalytical transfert - he worked over paiderastía erotics (erastés-erómenos, and enlight agalma' s concept, as a previous idea of his objet a. Phillippe Julien (1985, and more recently Danielle Arnoux, use and explain some valuable aspects from that former lacanian conception.

  9. Context-Dependent Help for the DynaLearn Modelling and Simulation Workbench

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Beek; B. Bredeweg; S. Latour

    2011-01-01

    We implemented three kinds of context-dependent help for a qualitative modelling and simulation workbench called DynaLearn. We show that it is possible to generate and select assistance knowledge based on the current model, simulation results and workbench state.

  10. Context-Dependent Help for the DynaLearn Modelling and Simulation Workbench

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, W.; Bredeweg, B.; Latour, S.; Biswas, G.; Bull, S.; Kay, J.; Mitrovic, A.

    2011-01-01

    We implemented three kinds of context-dependent help for a qualitative modelling and simulation workbench called DynaLearn. We show that it is possible to generate and select assistance knowledge based on the current model, simulation results and workbench state.

  11. Can Bayesian Belief Networks help tackling conceptual model uncertainties in contaminated site risk assessment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troldborg, Mads; Thomsen, Nanna Isbak; McKnight, Ursula S.;

    models that are effective for integrating quantitative and qualitative information, and thus can strengthen decisions when empirical data are lacking. The developed BBN combines data from desk studies and initial site investigations with expert opinion to assess which of the conceptual models are more...... help inform future investigations at a contaminated site....

  12. Task Allocation Model for Rescue Disabled Persons in Disaster Area with Help of Volunteers

    OpenAIRE

    Kohei Arai; Tran Xuan Sang; Nguyen Thi Uyen

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we present a task allocation model for search and rescue persons with disabilities in case of disaster. The multi agent-based simulation model is used to simulate the rescue process. Volunteers and disabled persons are modeled as agents, which each have their own attributes and behaviors. The task of volunteers is to help disabled persons in emergency situations. This task allocation problem is solved by using combinatorial auction mechanism to decide which volunteers should he...

  13. Helping Kids Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiss, E. Renee

    2008-01-01

    Educators need to help kids help others so that they can help themselves. Volunteering does not involve competition or grades. This is one area where students don't have to worry about measuring up to the expectations of parents, teachers, and coaches. Students participate in charitable work to add another line to a college transcript or job…

  14. Helpful Components Involved in the Cognitive-Experiential Model of Dream Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tien, Hsiu-Lan Shelley; Chen, Shuh-Chi; Lin, Chia-Huei

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the helpful components involved in the Hill's cognitive-experiential dream work model. Participants were 27 volunteer clients from colleges and universities in northern and central parts of Taiwan. Each of the clients received 1-2 sessions of dream interpretations. The cognitive-experiential dream work model…

  15. Task Allocation Model for Rescue Disabled Persons in Disaster Area with Help of Volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohei Arai

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a task allocation model for search and rescue persons with disabilities in case of disaster. The multi agent-based simulation model is used to simulate the rescue process. Volunteers and disabled persons are modeled as agents, which each have their own attributes and behaviors. The task of volunteers is to help disabled persons in emergency situations. This task allocation problem is solved by using combinatorial auction mechanism to decide which volunteers should help which disabled persons. The disaster space, road network, and rescue process are also described in detail. The RoboCup Rescue simulation platform is used to present proposed model with different scenarios.

  16. Considerações sobre eu e o corpo em Lacan Some considerations about the moi and the body in Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Cukiert

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata da problemática do eu e do corpo em Lacan, articulados a partir de sua releitura do texto freudiano. Aponta como o autor, interrogando-se sobre a gênese do eu, retoma conceitos freudianos fundamentais tais como ego, identificação e narcisismo. Dessa forma, por meio da elaboração do registro do Imaginário e do esquema conceitual proposto pelo estádio do espelho, afirma a importância da imagem do corpo próprio na formação do eu, marcando também o desconhecimento e a alienação como constitutivos do eu. Indica como as noções de eu e de corpo sofrem transformações correlativas às retificações que Lacan opera em sua teoria, articulando-se também ao Simbólico e ao Real. Assim, no interior do campo psicanalítico delimitado pelo autor, o corpo pode ser pensado e estudado a partir de sua concepção dos três registros fundamentais: do ponto de vista do Imaginário, o corpo como imagem, do ponto de vista do Simbólico, o corpo marcado pelo significante, e do ponto de vista do Real, o corpo como sinônimo de gozo. Retoma a novidade freudiana acerca da corporeidade, afirmando que o corpo em Psicanálise não se reduz ao campo da Biologia. Finalmente, discute de que forma a teoria lacaniana possibilita repensar essa problemática a partir da linguagem.This article covers the issue of the moi and the body in Lacan, based on his re-reading of Freudian texts. It indicates how the author, questioning the constitution of the moi, goes back to Freudian fundamental concepts such as ego, identification and narcissism. In this way, through the elaboration of the Imaginary level and the proposed conceptual scheme of the mirror stage, it assures the importance of the image of the body in the formation of the moi, making also the unknown and the alienation as constituents of the moi. It indicates how the notions of the moi and the body suffer correlative transformations by the rectifications in Lacan's theory, as do the Symbolic

  17. Validation of the braden self-help model in women with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Tzu-Hui; Lin, Kuan-Chia; Gau, Meei-Ling

    2010-09-01

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that requires lifelong follow-up treatment. Most SLE patients experience feelings of helplessness and frustration in the period after which the condition has been brought under control but not yet cured. Thus, to improve the SLE patient's quality of life (QOL), it is very important to assist them to adjust to face both the severity of their disease and their own feelings of limitation and uncertainty, to understand their condition and required treatments, and to adopt self-help strategies to adjust to difficulties in daily life. This study was designed to test both the hypothesized relationships in the Braden Self-help Model and the mediating effects of self-help on QOL in a sample of women with SLE. A cross-sectional design with causal modeling approach was used to verify specified relationships in the theoretical model. SLE patients who were registered with the Rainbow SLE Association and the Lupus SLE Foundation in Taiwan were recruited as participants by convenience sampling. A total of 231 SLE patients participated in this project. Data were collected using a self-administered structured questionnaire consisting of a personal information section, the Disease Course Graphic Scale, the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale, the Limitation Scale, the Self-Control Scale, the Adult Role and Behavior Scale, and the Well-Being Scale. Path analysis found a high level of significance for the coefficient of each path. We also identified a positive correlation between the disease severity and limitations and the factor of uncertainty and a negative correlation between the limitations and uncertainty and the factors of enabling skills, self-help, and QOL. A positive correlation among enabling skills, self-help, and QOL was also evident. The Sobel analysis pointed to self-help as having the greatest impact on QOL (79.15%). The study examined the applicability of the causal Braden Self-help Model on women with SLE

  18. Love and/in psychoanalysis: a commentary on Lacan's reading of Plato's Symposium in Seminar VIII: Transference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Bruce

    2015-02-01

    What is love and what part does it play in psychoanalysis? Where are the analyst and the analysand situated in relation to the roles defined as those of the "lover" and the "beloved"? Jacques Lacan explores these and other questions in his soon-to-be-published Seminar VIII: Transference by providing an extensive commentary on Plato's most famous dialogue on love, the Symposium. This paper outlines some of the major points about love that grow out of Lacan's reading of the dialogue and examines their relevance to the analytic setting. Can the analyst be characterized as a sort of modern-day Socrates?

  19. Depressão ou lassidão do pensamento? Reflexões sobre o Spinoza de Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio M. R. Teixeira

    Full Text Available O autor visa tratar da articulação proposta por Lacan, em Télévision, entre o afeto de tristeza e a noção de covardia moral, no sentido de um julgamento ético que a psicanálise pronuncia acerca da posição do sujeito deprimido. Para esse fim, o autor examina a referência de Lacan à ética de Spinoza, o qual reconhece, no afeto de tristeza, uma ausência de tensão lógica do pensamento.

  20. La subjetivación del duelo en Freud y Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    María Elena Elmiger

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como hipótesis central que la función subjetivante de los duelos debe articular las esferas de lo público, de lo privado y de lo íntimo. Se propone hablar de función subjetivante en el duelo en lugar de "trabajo de duelo", porque la misma atañe a la posibilidad de traducir lo que se pierde en formas discursivas subjetivas y colectivas. Tanto Freud como Lacan sostienen que habría duelos "normales" y duelos "patológicos", aunque ni uno ni otro plantea una correlación entre du...

  1. Mirror for the other: problem of the self in continental philosophy (from Hegel to Lacan).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasparyan, Diana

    2014-03-01

    This essay intends to explore the genesis of one of the key concepts in continental philosophy of personalism-the concept of the 'Other. It attempts to use most influential philosophical and psychological contexts to demonstrate how the Self is linked to the Other logically, notionally and conceptually. The present analysis employs two principal approaches to the problem-philosophical and psychological. From the stand point of the former, the key figure of the hereunder discourse is Hegel and his theory, while the later will be represented predominantly by Lacanian ideas. The present article will also discuss major influences of Hegel's philosophical ideas on the Lacan's theory.

  2. La política de la cura, según Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz, Facundo; Giussi, Juan

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo se enmarca en la investigación interna de la Cátedra de Psicoterapia I referida al estatuto de la acción analítica en el escrito “La dirección de la cura y los principios de su poder”, de J. Lacan. A tal efecto se tomarán algunos de los desarrollos de los apartados IV y V para situar el lugar del ser y el deseo como ordenadores de la política en psicoanálisis.

  3. Reconstrucción Histórica de la obra de Jacques Lacan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Sánchez-Barranco Ruiz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo persigue la reconstrucción histórica de los conceptos fundamentales aportados por Lacan (1901-1981 a la teoría y la técnica psicoanalíticas desde las perspectivas estructuralista, antropológica, lingüística y topológica, tratando también de mostrar que su obra supone algo más que un mero retorno a Freud, pues dio lugar a la constitución de una escuela particular y genuina dentro del psicoanálisis, cuyas originales ideas han sido y son muy discutidas.

  4. The Rift of the Big Other. Psychoanalysis and Politics Starting from Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Cavallari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this essay is to open the space for a dabate between political theory and psychoanalysis, by starting from the problematisation of some of the most fundamental concepts offered by the analytic theory of Jacques Lacan. Through the analysis of key-Lacanian categories like symbolic structure, big Other, object a, symptom, the article exposes the main misunderstandings that characterise the work of many contemporary political theorists and psychoanalysts who refer to adopt Lacanian psychoanalysis as an instrument for an hermeneutics of politics. Finally the article develops some guidelines for directing the application of Lacanian psychoanalysis toward the renewal of the conceptual apparatus of political theory.

  5. Sibylle Lacan. The father’s name, the daughter’s voice

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Teroni

    2013-01-01

    With the date ‘August 1991-June 1994’ Sibylle Lacan’s book A Father, explicitly affirms that the year she began writing marked the tenth anniversary of the death of a father also celebrated by another daughter, Judith Miller, with her lavish Album Jacques Lacan, conceived as a ‘monument’ worthy of his memory.  Sibylle’s ‘puzzle’, conversely, expresses fragmentation: that of memory, of discourse and of narrative; of the family; of communication garbled by the unspoken; and of the Self.  She po...

  6. 488-1D Ash Basin closure cap help modeling- Microdrain® liner option

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dyer, J. A. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2017-08-03

    At the request of Area Completion Engineering and in support of the 488-1D Ash Basin closure, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) performed hydrologic simulations of the revised 488-1D Ash Basin closure cap design using the Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model. The revised design substitutes a MicroDrain Liner®—60-mil low-density polyethylene geomembrane structurally integrated with 130-mil drainage layer—for the previously planned drainage/barrier system—300-mil geosynthetic drainage layer (GDL), 300-mil geosynthetic clay liner (GCL), and 6-inch common fill soil layer. For a 25-year, 24-hour storm event, HELP model v3.07 was employed to (1) predict the peak maximum daily hydraulic head for the geomembrane layer, and (2) ensure that South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) requirements for the barrier layer (i.e., ≤ 12 inches hydraulic head on top of a barrier having a saturated hydraulic conductivity ≤ 1.0E-05 cm/s) will not be exceeded. A 25-year, 24-hour storm event at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is 6.1 inches rainfall (Weber 1998). HELP model v3.07 results based upon the new planned cap design suggest that the peak maximum daily hydraulic head on the geomembrane barrier layer will be 0.15 inches for a minimum slope equal to 3%, which is two orders of magnitude below the SCDHEC upper limit of 12 inches.

  7. La neurosis obsesiva en el último período de la enseñanza de J. Lacan The obsessional neurosis in the last period of J. Lacan´s teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Godoy

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo desplegamos algunas de las perspectivas que se desprenden de las formulaciones que Jacques Lacan produce sobre la neurosis obsesiva en el último período de su enseñanza, especialmente a partir del examen de esta estructura en función de su relación con el campo de lo escópico y la conciencia en tanto sinthome que sostiene el anudamiento de los registros. A partir de allí se realiza una relectura de diversos aspectos referidos a dicha estructura neurótica señalados por Freud, los post-freudianos y por el mismo Lacan en momentos previos de su enseñanza.Abstract In this work we develop some perspectives about obsessive neuroses in the last period of Jacques Lacan´s teaching, especially the relation between this structure with the look and the conscience as a sinthome, keeping the union among registers. From there we reread different aspects related with this structure, which had been distinguished by Freud, post-freudians and also Lacan in previous moments of his teaching.

  8. Aportes de Lacan a una teoría del discurso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Savio

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El análisis del discurso es un campo heterogéneo de investigaciones en el que convergen diferentes posiciones teóricas. El psicoanálisis es un campo de saberes que ha participado de su nacimiento, en particular, en la perspectiva discursiva de Michel Pêcheux. El propósito de este artículo es el de revisar los planteos de Jacques Lacan en torno al discurso con el objetivo último de reflexionar sobre este término y sus implicancias teóricas para el análisis del discurso. En este sentido, nos interesa adoptar los elementos de la enseñanza de Lacan que nos permiten repensar y redimensionar la complejidad que el término discurso entraña. Para tal fin, abordaremos el Seminario XVII del psicoanalista, seminario que comienza a dictar en 1969, y en el que formaliza su teoría sobre esta noción; aunque nos remitiremos, también, a otros momentos de su enseñanza.

  9. Understanding the conversation between machines: Heidegger's ontology of presence versus Lacan's anti-humanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarina Peović Vuković

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the question of machine intelligence, a cybernetic problem closely related to the questions of subjectivity, human intelligence and the constitution of human communication. The example of chatterbots and their (movie representations will be used in order to reexamine their similarities and differences, as well as their relation to subjectivity in the broadest sense. Reversing the thesis on the instrumentalisation of the subject by means of a cybernetic framework, which is, as Martin Heidegger claimed, established as a paradigmatic framework of contemporary sciences, the paper will point to the closest relation between the subject and the mechanical or digital quasi-intelligent machine. Jacques Lacan's applied psychoanalysis provides a theoretical framework for this paper since it is in a position to point out the inadequacies of understanding communication as a means of conveying information. Such critique will prove to be fruitful not only for describing communication and the difference between the machinal and the human, but also for indicating the problems of identity politics. Lacan's anti-humanism and ethics of separation appear as tools of contemporary critique of political economy.

  10. Sibylle Lacan. The father’s name, the daughter’s voice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Teroni

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available With the date ‘August 1991-June 1994’ Sibylle Lacan’s book A Father, explicitly affirms that the year she began writing marked the tenth anniversary of the death of a father also celebrated by another daughter, Judith Miller, with her lavish Album Jacques Lacan, conceived as a ‘monument’ worthy of his memory.  Sibylle’s ‘puzzle’, conversely, expresses fragmentation: that of memory, of discourse and of narrative; of the family; of communication garbled by the unspoken; and of the Self.  She portrays a hopeless search for a father – and the resulting devastation.  Comparison with the conversations recorded by Elizabeth Roudinesco in her biography of Lacan (1993 throws an interesting light on the gestation of the book and on its contribution to a rebirth, the birth, as a writer, sanctioned by Sibylle Lacan’s subsequent book, Points de suspension (2000, even as it enigmatically announces the irreparable loss of that vocation.

  11. El programa de investigación propuesto por Jacques Lacan en el año 1966: de la verdad como causa para el sujeto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Iván Hernández España

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In 1966, the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan publishes Écrits setting an antecedent for his teachings. We consider that this antecedent leaves a very specific proposal for psychoanalysis and a field where the psychoanalyst can make its practice possible: truth as a cause to the subject. However, Lacan warns, from a psychoanalytical science perspective, that we must resist other ways of relationship with truth as a cause. Thus, from his scientific obedience and through a structuralist definition, Lacan also approaches other fields outside the jurisdiction of psychoanalysis: magic, religion, and science.

  12. Lacan e a toxicomania: efeitos da ciência sobre o corpo Lacan and drug addiction: effects of the science on the body

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jésus Santiago

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Ao retomar a interrogação sobre a relação existente entre os objetos da ciência e o gozo, Lacan propõe-se também a postular, nesse contexto, o fenômeno toxicomaníaco presente no uso metódico e ordenado dos diversos produtos que vão desde os tranqüilizantes até os alucinógenos. A materialização do efeito real da ciência sobre o corpo, no caso do uso destas substâncias tóxicas, torna-se objeto de uma hipótese que se inscreve no horizonte da chamada dimensão ética do gozo. Abordar a toxicomania sob o ponto de vista ético do gozo do corpo, leva, certamente, a concebê-la como um modo particular de satisfação, distinto da dependência biológica própria de toda concepção repreensiva do problema. Esse modo de satisfação que cativa certos sujeitos é considerado uma tentativa de enfrentar as perturbações do gozo do corpo e, diante do corpo inseparável do gozo, a toxicomania poderia ser vista como um mais-gozar particular, correlativo a uma mudança operada, pela ciência, no real.Returning to the question of the relationship between science objects and jouissance, Jacques Lacan's purpose, in this context, is to claim the drug addiction phenomenon which is present in the methodic and ordered use of several products from tranquilizers to hallucinogens. The real effect of science materializing over the body when under the use of these toxic substances, becomes the object of a hypothesis inserted in the horizon of the so called ethical dimension of jouissance. The drug addiction approach under the ethical dimension of the body jouissance is certainly conceived as an idea of private satisfaction which is different from the biological dependency peculiar to every reprehensive idea of the problem. This way of satisfaction that captivates some types of subjects is seen as an attempt to face the jouissance disturbances in the body, and when facing the inseparable body from jouissance, drug addiction could be seen as a particular

  13. Help Others and Yourself Eventually: Exploring the Relationship between Help-Giving and Employee Creativity under the Model of Perspective Taking

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    Si Li

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Although a plethora of studies have examined the antecedents of creativity, empirical studies exploring the role of individual behaviors in relation to creativity are relatively scarce. Drawing on the model of perspective taking, this study examines the relationship between help-giving during creative problem solving process and employee creativity. Specifically, we test perspective taking as an explanatory mechanism and propose organization-based self-esteem as the moderator. In a sample collected from a field survey of 247 supervisor-subordinate dyads from 2 large organizations in China at 3 time points, we find that help-giving during creative problem solving process positively related with perspective taking; perspective taking positively related with employees’ creativity; employees’ organization-based self-esteem strengthened the link between perspective taking and creativity; besides, there existed a moderated mediation effect. We conclude this paper with discussions on the implications for theory, research, and practice.

  14. Help Others and Yourself Eventually: Exploring the Relationship between Help-Giving and Employee Creativity under the Model of Perspective Taking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Si; Liao, Shudi

    2017-01-01

    Although a plethora of studies have examined the antecedents of creativity, empirical studies exploring the role of individual behaviors in relation to creativity are relatively scarce. Drawing on the model of perspective taking, this study examines the relationship between help-giving during creative problem solving process and employee creativity. Specifically, we test perspective taking as an explanatory mechanism and propose organization-based self-esteem as the moderator. In a sample collected from a field survey of 247 supervisor-subordinate dyads from 2 large organizations in China at 3 time points, we find that help-giving during creative problem solving process positively related with perspective taking; perspective taking positively related with employees’ creativity; employees’ organization-based self-esteem strengthened the link between perspective taking and creativity; besides, there existed a moderated mediation effect. We conclude this paper with discussions on the implications for theory, research, and practice. PMID:28690566

  15. O sinthome como a heresia teórica de Lacan

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    Pedro Heliodoro de Moraes Branco Tavares

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se demonstrar, a partir da leitura do Seminário 23 de Jacques Lacan, a transformação do conceito psicanalítico de sintoma na categoria de sinthome, defendendo a ideia de que o mesmo possa ser compreendido como uma espécie de nova e "herética" maneira de articular os registros do Real, do Simbólico e do Imaginário (RSI. Trata-se, nesta nova abordagem, de uma rearticulação com o que estava na origem do sofrimento, transformando um legado de falta e interdição em algo de própria e singular invenção. Da ligação ao elemento paterno-divino, trinitário (tanto em relação à organização borromeana como em relação à trindade católica, passa-se ao aparentemente caótico e mundano do "diabo a quatro" (do nó borromeu acrescido da quarta consistência e dos quatro elementos da matéria no mundo secular.The Sinthome as Lacan's theoretical heresy. In the present work we intend to demonstrate, based on the 23rd Seminar by Jacques Lacan, the transformation of the psychoanalytical concept of symptom into the category of the Sinthome, supporting the idea that it can be understood as a new and "heretical" way of articulating the registers of the Real, the Symbolic and the Imaginary (RSI. The essence of this new vision lies in a reconceptualization of the origin of the suffering, transforming the symptom, comprehended as a legacy of lack and interdiction, into something of one's own and singular invention. From the bound with the tripartite parental/divine element (of the borromean structure and of the catholic trinity, one switches to the secular "diabo a quatro" (Devil's four (that of the borromean chain of four categories and also of the mundane four elements of matter.

  16. Effect of ingratiation on supervisor satisfaction through helping behavior: A moderated mediation model

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    Muhammad Ali Asadullah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This research intends to investigate the mediating role of helping behavior in relationship between employee ingratiation and supervisor satisfaction across high and low levels of ingratiation behavior, and answers the questions: how, when and why ingratiation is effective. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected through questionnaire surveys in hotel industry, and structural equation modelling was applied to analyze these data by using hypothetical-deductive approach. Findings: The results indicate that helping behavior is an important mediator of the relationship between ingratiation and supervisor satisfaction. Moreover, ingratiation is also a strong moderator of the relationship between helping behavior and supervisor satisfaction. This research concludes that employee ingratiation positively predicts helping behaviors, and consequently the supervisor satisfaction. Research limitations/implications: This study is not experimental in nature, but a cross-sectional design has been followed. Future research can focus on an experimental design by incorporating a time element, and the design and analysis should be nested since this study did not use multilevel analysis. Moreover, this study used only two forms of ingratiation for measuring employee ingratiation behavior. We suggest researchers to consider all four dimensions of ingratiation by using some distinct scales. Practical implications: This research explains mechanisms underlying supervisor-subordinate relationship, and contributes to organizational behavior research by answering the question; 'when and how ingratiation could be effective?' The findings of this study have important managerial implications, and provide future lines of research.  Social implications: The findings of this research demonstrate that ingratiation is an important tool for satisfying superiors if employees exhibit helping behaviors towards coworkers and supervisors. Particularly, new employees

  17. A general ploidy model for the evolution of helping in viscous populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Angela Yi-Chen; Gardner, Andy

    2012-07-07

    There is growing interest in understanding how kin selection drives the evolution of social behaviours in viscous populations. A key result, that has inspired much work on this topic, is the exact cancellation of the genetic relatedness and kin competition effects of dispersal in the simplest models of population viscosity, such that a reduction in the rate of dispersal neither promotes nor inhibits the evolution of helping behaviour. This theoretical result has been demonstrated for populations characterised by haploid, diploid and haplodiploid modes of inheritance. Here we develop a model of general ploidy that recovers these three scenarios as special cases and allows examination of scenarios that have not been considered previously. Specifically, we: clarify the importance of the implicit assumption of monandry in previous models; show that the cancellation result obtains in some models of ploidy but not in others; and reveal that the cancellation result obtains for different reasons in different models of ploidy. The cancellation result therefore hinges upon a population's genetic system as well as its demography.

  18. Et kritisk bidrag til en etisk seksualpædagogik tænkt med teorier af Jacques Lacan, Jean-Luc Marion og Emmanuel Lévinas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Secher, Marianne Træbing

    2013-01-01

    Thesis. A critical contribution to an ethical sexual pedagogy through theories of Jacques Lacan, Jean-Luc Marion and Emmanuel Lévinas. In Denmark, we educate social workers, social pedagogues, and health workers in sexology.27 The state presents its view on how to get sexuality on the agenda...... becomes a question of whether or not you have acted in accordance with your desires - this question, which Lacan poses, goes for both the mentally ill and the pedagogical sexologist. It is to be understood as whether or not you are willing to overcome your resistance and put your desire under analysis......, understand and comprehend. Here a new phenomenology by Jean Luc Marion is introduced, a theory of saturated phenomena. It merges this with Lacans concept of things that do not exist and Lévinas’ theory of desire of infinity. The paper wishes to analyze Lévinas and Lacan with Marion in an attempt to find new...

  19. Entre o dizer e o escrito: corpo e linguagem no ensino de Jacques Lacan/Between saying and the writing: body and language in the teaching of Jacques Lacan

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    José Guillermo Milán-Ramos

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho, pretendo mostrar o estatuto do dizer e do escrito no ensino do psicanalista Jacques Lacan. Lacan realizou, ao longo de 26 anos ininterruptos, atividades de ensino em regime de seminário; ele mesmo realizou a recopilação de seus textos fundamentais, lançados em 1966 sob o título: Escritos . Sabe-se também que um componente fundamental da sua doutrina é sua teoria sobre o estatuto do escrito na transmissão em psicanálise. Ao longo de seu ensino, também se preocupou por definir o estatuto do dizer. O dizer e o escrito aparecem enlaçados no ensino de Lacan em uma relação de temporalidade subjetiva, na qual a função essencial do dizer é a subjetivação do escrito, e isso se produz num tempo de espera no qual o corpo se vê comprometido pela própria inscrição da teoria no corpo (castração. In the present work, I intend to show the saying and the writing statute in the teaching of psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. Lacan carried throughout 26 years uninterrupted activities of teaching into the seminary regimen; he himself made the compilation of his basic texts, launched in 1966 under the heading: Writings. We also know that a basic component of his teaching is its theory on the writing statute in the psychoanalysis transmission. Throughout his teaching, he was also worried about defining the saying statute. Saying and the writing appear enlaced in the teaching of Lacan in a relation of subjective temporality, in which the essential function of saying (theory is the subjectivation of the theoretical writing, and it is produced in an open assembly time in which the body itself is engaged for the proper inscription of the theory in the body (castration.

  20. La locura y sus versiones en la obra de J. Lacan: I: locura y neurosis The madness and his versions in the J. Lacan work's: I: madness and neurosis

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    Pablo D. Muñoz

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta parte de las conclusiones del proyecto de investigación UBACyT P601: "Variaciones del concepto de locura en la obra de J. Lacan. Su incidencia en el diagnóstico diferencial neurosis-psicosis", aprobado y financiado para el período 2008-2010. Se aborda especialmente la cuestión problemática de su delimitación conceptual en la obra de Lacan, en la cual el término locura es empleado de diversos modos. Esta variedad se plasma en su articulación con distintos conceptos y con problemas clínicos de diversa índole. La presentación conjunta de estos usos permite obtener una visión bastante amplia de las ventajas que trae servirse de alguna de las versiones de la locura que se presentan en la obra de Lacan. En este trabajo se aplican a la articulación locura-neurosis, abordando no sólo la problemática conceptual en juego en lo atinente a alcanzar una definición más precisa de "locura", sino sobre todo el agudo problema clínico que presentan lo que podríamos designar "neurosis enloquecidas".This paper presents some of the conclusions of the research project UBACyT P601: "Variations of the concept of madness in the work of J. Lacan. Its incidence in the differential diagnosis neurosis psychosis ", approved and funded for the period 2008-2010. It especially addresses the problematic issue of its conceptual delimitation in the Lacan work, in which the term "madness" is used in several senses. This variety is reflected in its theoretical concept articulation and several clinical issues. The whole presentation of these work allows a wider vision of the benefits that brings to use any of the versions of "madness" concept that arise in the work of Lacan. This work apply to the madness-neurosis articulation, addressing not only the conceptual issues, but also achieving a more precise definition of "madness"; and above of all it takes the big clinical problem in what we might call "mad neurosis".

  1. As Metonímias de Ulisses - Joyce, Saussure, Jakobson e Lacan

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    Gustavo Capobianco Volaco

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Saussure mudou o mundo ao conceituar a paridade biunívoca do significado e do significante, que chamou em seu Curso de Linguística Geral, signo linguístico. Seguindo seus passos, Roman Jakobson estabeleceu uma fórmula para pensarmos o conceito de metonímia que, por sua vez, foi retomado por Jacques Lacan para enfatizar, entre outras coisas, que o simbólico é, antes de mais nada, um eterno continuum. Dentro dessas perspectivas e com o auxílio desses três pensadores procuramos, neste pequeno artigo, articular certas idiossincrasias da obra de James Joyce, Ulisses, a maior delas sendo, em definitivo, um riverrun que não cessa de se inscrever.

  2. Clivagem, diferença e dobra na estrutura do humano: Lacan, Apel e Gadamer

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    Santuário, Luiz Carlos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A filosofia, sendo um discurso antípodo ao discurso das ciências, no sentido de que não produz um conhecimento sobre particularidades, situa-se a priori no espaço interno de uma clivagem, de uma diferença e de uma dobra onde este discurso e este saber são produzidos e apresentados. Na cena contemporânea três pensadores, Lacan, Apel e Gadamer, tematizam a experiência do humano como ligada estritamente à linguagem enquanto elemento estruturador do humano, na medida em que este é situado no interior do espaço de uma dobra e de uma clivagem

  3. Jacques Lacan vers le réel (1936-1962

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    Fréderic Pellion

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Davantage que celles de "symbolique" et d' "imaginaire", la construction par Jacques Lacan de sa catégorie du "réel" n'est pas allée sans difficultés et sans repentirs. C'est de ces difficultés, et de quelques étapes de leur position puis de leur résolution, dont il sera question ici; non sans espérer, au terme du parcours, pouvoir peut-être un peu mieux situer le rôle de cette catégorie dans la "métapsychologie" lacanienne - surtout si l'on admet que celle-ci n'est pas sans interréagir avec les métapsychologies voisines, en plus qu'avec de nombreux aspects du "dire" philosophique.

  4. Cuerpo y Feminidad: "Goce Otro" de Jacques Lacan y "Devenir-Mujer" en Deleuze y Guattari

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    Francisco Conde Soto

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Jacques Lacan introduce en su seminario XX Aún (1972-73 una distinción entre dos tipos de goce [jouissance]: un goce fálico o sexual propiamente masculino, y en el caso de la posición femenina, y complementario del anterior, un goce Otro o goce del cuerpo absolutamente particular de cada mujer. Deleuze y Guattari piensan la feminidad en Mil mesetas (1980 como un devenir-mujer consistente en la construcción de un "cuerpo sin órganos" singular y propio más allá del organismo que resulta de disciplinar familiar y socialmente este cuerpo. Este estudio pretende demostrar la convergencia de ambas propuestas al pensar la feminidad como una vivencia singular del propio cuerpo.

  5. A Odisséia da Imagem: Freud, Lacan e a Arte

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    Sergio Sklar

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Ousando se aproximar de outras áreas do conhecimento, a psicanálise foi também marcada, como atestam inúmeros ensaios psicanalíticos, pelo alto apreço de Freud e Lacan em relação à arte. Um deles, percorrendo as adjacências entre o discurso freudiano, a teoria lacaniana e o mundo artístico, é considerado neste artigo: O Espaço Imanente (Rio de Janeiro: Imago, 1989. Este livro se aventura pelas longas divagações estético-freudianas, revendo as análises sobre o Moisés de Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci e a Gradiva de W.Jensen e os comentários de Lacan sobre o quadro de Hans Holbein, Os Embaixadores. Delas, rediscute a concepção de uma psicanálise da arte em torno da cisão entre o concreto, visível ou “externo” (o que existe concretamente na escultura de Michelangelo, na pintura de Da Vinci, no delírio do protagonista de Jensen, no quadro de Holbein, e o mental ou “interno” (o que torna a realidade pensada ou representada. Na contramarcha desta posição, assinala como o externo torna-se, também, condição para que o artista possa criar “internamente”. Insólito na leitura psicanalítica que sustenta, este ensaio agrega ao ar de liberdade que insufla a criação do artista diante de sua obra, traduzindo um aparente rompimento ou descompromisso dos conteúdos artísticos com qualquer ocorrência concreta, a organização física ou imanente dos objetos que se encontram na realidade.

  6. From Boolean Network Model to Continuous Model Helps in Design of Functional Circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Dongliang; Wu, Jiayi; Ouyang, Qi

    2015-01-01

    Computational circuit design with desired functions in a living cell is a challenging task in synthetic biology. To achieve this task, numerous methods that either focus on small scale networks or use evolutionary algorithms have been developed. Here, we propose a two-step approach to facilitate the design of functional circuits. In the first step, the search space of possible topologies for target functions is reduced by reverse engineering using a Boolean network model. In the second step, continuous simulation is applied to evaluate the performance of these topologies. We demonstrate the usefulness of this method by designing an example biological function: the SOS response of E. coli. Our numerical results show that the desired function can be faithfully reproduced by candidate networks with different parameters and initial conditions. Possible circuits are ranked according to their robustness against perturbations in parameter and gene expressions. The biological network is among the candidate networks, yet novel designs can be generated. Our method provides a scalable way to design robust circuits that can achieve complex functions, and makes it possible to uncover design principles of biological networks. PMID:26061094

  7. Of Mice, Men, and Microbial Opsins: How Optogenetics Can Help Hone Mouse Models of Mental Illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marton, Tobias F; Sohal, Vikaas S

    2016-01-01

    Genetic, pharmacologic, and behavioral manipulations have long been powerful tools for generating rodent models to study the neural substrates underlying psychiatric disease. Recent advances in the use of optogenetics in awake behaving rodents has added an additional valuable methodology to this experimental toolkit. Here, we review several recent studies that leverage optogenetic technologies to elucidate neural mechanisms possibly related to depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. We use a few illustrative examples to highlight key emergent principles about how optogenetics, in conjunction with more established modalities, can help to organize our understanding of how disease-related states, specific neuronal circuits, and various behavioral assays fit into hierarchical frameworks such as the National Institute of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria matrix.

  8. Anger Can Help: A Transactional Model and Three Pathways of the Experience and Expression of Anger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Mark H; Meloy-Miller, Kierea C; Seedall, Ryan B; Dicus, J Logan

    2017-07-23

    Anger is a significant human emotion with far-reaching implications for individuals and relationships. We propose a transactional model of anger that highlights its relational relevance and potentially positive function, in addition to problematic malformations. By evolutionary design, physical, self-concept, or attachment threats all similarly trigger diffuse physiological arousal, psychologically experienced as anger-emotion. Anger is first a signaling and motivational system. Anger is then formed to affirming, productive use or malformed to destructive ends. A functional, prosocial approach to anger organizes it for protective and corrective personal and relational adaptation. In our model, threat perception interacts with a person's view of self in relation to other to produce helpful or harmful anger. Inflated or collapsed views of self in relation to other produce distinct manifestations of destructive anger that are harmful to self, other, and relationship. Conversely, a balanced view of self in relation to other promotes constructive anger and catalyzes self, other, and relationship healing. Clinical use of the model to shape healing personal and relational contact with anger is explored. © 2017 Family Process Institute.

  9. Predicting help-seeking intention of women with urinary incontinence in Jinan, China: a theory of planned behaviour model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chen; Wang, Kefang; Sun, Tao; Xu, Dongjuan; Palmer, Mary H

    2015-02-01

    To develop and test a predictive model of women's help-seeking intention for urinary incontinence that was developed using the theory of planned behaviour and to identify factors that influenced women's help-seeking intention. Urinary incontinence is a chronic progressive condition if left untreated, but few women seek help from healthcare providers. Reasons for not seeking help have been studied in Western countries while relatively little information is available from mainland China. Questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was performed in this study. From May-October 2011, a cross-sectional survey was conducted with a representative sample of 346 incontinent women from three communities in Jinan using strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were collected via a self-administered pencil-and-paper survey that consisted of a multi-item questionnaire. Predictive model estimation was performed using structural equation model. The resultant model demonstrated that incontinent women's help-seeking intention could be predicted by their perceived self-efficacy and perceived social impact from urine loss. Perceived self-efficacy was the negative predictor, while the perceived social impact was the positive one. Overall, the predictive model explained 36% of the variance for incontinent women's help-seeking intention. The theory of planned behaviour can be used to predict help-seeking intention in women who have urinary incontinence. Community nurses should increase patients' help-seeking intention by addressing perceived social impact and perceived self-efficacy in managing incontinent symptoms. Our findings suggest that high perceived self-efficacy in dealing with incontinent symptoms could hinder incontinent women from seeking help from healthcare providers. The strong social impact women perceived, however, facilitates intention to seek help. Nurses should understand and address these factors through education and evidence-based practices to increase help

  10. Del entendimiento al bien-decir: un estudio comparativo sobre la ética entre Spinoza y Lacan // From understandign to putting it well (bien-dire: a comparative study on ethics between Spinoza and lacan

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    Clara Cecilia Mesa Duque

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación es un diálogo entre dos pensamientos: uno de Baruch Spinoza y el otro de Jacques Lacan, quien es sin duda un seguidor del pensamiento freudiano. El punto que se tomó como eje para el diálogo fue el postulado en el cual ambos fundan su ética: el deseo como esencia del hombre. Un recorrido por cada una de las concepciones permite llegar a encontrar puntos referenciales de gran valor, lo que no obliga ni implica identidad de pensamiento. // This research is a dialog between two thinkings: Baruch Spinoza's and Jacques Lacan's, the latter being undoubtedly a follower of Freud's thinking. The central topic of this dialog is the postulate around which both base their ethics: desire as human essence. Tracing each of their conceptions there are noteworthy points of reference, which do not mean nor imply that these are identical.

  11. El hombre: centro de su uiverso y de su verdad. Un acercamiento a la subjetividad en Lacan y Schopenhauer // Man: center of his universe and his truth. An approach to the idea of subjectivity in Lacan and Schopenhauer

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    Juan Pablo Hurtado García

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En torno a una realidad perceptible y experimental del sujeto, se puede establecer un vínculo entre el psicoanálisis lacaniano y la filosofía schopenhaueriana. Para ello, pretendo forjar en este texto una relación simple entre el concepto de representación en el pensamiento de Arthur Schopenhauer y la noción de verdad en la teoría de Jacques Lacan, para mostrar finalmente con estos planteamientos el enfoque subjetivo que pone al hombre en una realidad que se encuentra allí para él y casi condicionada por él. Para Lacan, la verdad se encuentra en lo profundo del psiquismo y puede ser revelada en el sentido de que puede ser recobrada por medio del lenguaje. Para Schopenhauer, todo aquello que pertenece al mundo se encuentra de forma inevitable condicionado por el sujeto, existiendo sólo para él como representación. En ambos, la objetividad de la materia pertenece a otro campo. // Around a perceptible and experimental reality of the subject, a link between Lacanian psychoanalysis and Schopenhauerian philosophy can be established. For that reason, I intend to build on this text a simple relationship between the concept of in Schopenhauer's thinking and the notion of in Lacan's theory, to finally show the subjective approach that places man in a reality that is there for him and almost conditioned by him. According to Lacan, truth is located deep in the psyche and can be revealed in the sense that it can be recovered through language. In Schopenhauer's opinion, everything that belongs to the world is inevitably conditioned by the subject and existing only as presentation. In both thinkers, the objectivity of matter belongs to another field.

  12. An Effective Supervisory Model to Help MA English Students in the Process of Writing Their Thesis

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    Hamid Rahmani Sangani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Conducting a research project and writing up a thesis could be as nearly demanding as it is essential for MA students to achieve their academic goals, particularly in developing world contexts such as Iran. One main reason for this, as experienced by some of the students, is the insufficient and inefficient guidance which the students receive from their supervisors. Meanwhile, the initial review of the available documents and syllabi in our context, Iran, demonstrated that there are no transparent comprehensive guidelines recommended for the supervisor-student relationships. In order to respond to these challenges, a multiple-case study, including four cases, was designed. Each of the four cases consisted of one MA TEFL student who was guided by a supervisory team including two of the three supervisors. The team members held their consulting sessions for each student individually. Each of the students’ activities and interactions were considered and reflected on regularly by the supervisory team in order to explore the challenges the students and their supervisors encountered and then to propose responses to them. The students were regularly interviewed about the efficiency of the whole process of the supervision, particularly the suggested responses and changes, to detect its successes and failures. An ongoing thematic analysis was used to analyse the collected data. The process helped the researchers, who were also the participants, to develop a supervisory model which hopefully facilitates the process of writing an MA thesis. The findings could be immensely helpful for the syllabus designers and supervisory teams as well as MA and PhD students.

  13. How far does "public" or "civic" journalism in the US help to fulfil the requirements of the "social responsibility" model?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩

    2007-01-01

    This essay analyses the correspondence between public journalism and social responsibility theory. The background are similar. Through some cases we draw the conclusion that public journalism did help social responsibility model in the US.

  14. Modeling community-based, self-help mental health rehabilitation reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Robbie

    2007-01-01

    The research used supported collaborative inquiry in participative action research to record the effectiveness of peer support and narrative therapy, in an indigenous-informed community of belonging, or open urban tribe. There were three objectives: (i) to identify the active attributes of consciousness among those living with intellectual disability and/or mental illness, which can be acknowledged, nurtured and developed to strengthen their balanced self-awareness, and assist them in taking more responsibility for their lives; (ii) to identify how these aspects of self awareness can be used to inform improved individual and group empowerment and improved rehabilitation practice, in communities of inter-subjective relationship and belonging, and; (iii) by exploring collaborative engagement with 'the system' which serves these two groups, to identify how they can more effectively be empowered to manage the planning, policies, programs and service delivery which largely determine their quality of life. The research also seeks to clarify how this person-valuing approach can be applied, in a self-help, peer-supported, community-based rehabilitation system. People living with mental illness and/or intellectual disability experience improved quality of life and self-determining sense of self when they are included in mixed open urban tribes, or communities of belonging. The predominant way this comes about is through the diverse shared metaphors of being which the participants provide for each other, through their energy of life and testimonies of experience which give each other encouragement and stimulation, generating motivation and strengthened intention for life. It is not the cognitive or social ability to perform particular skills in individual or group exchange that determines the impact of this open urban tribal model; it is more the spirit and essence of the people, and their way of exchanging loving interaction and generous caring, listening and feedback that

  15. On Sublimation: From Freud to Lacan%论升华:从弗洛伊德到拉康

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马元龙

    2012-01-01

    升华是什么意思?提及这个问题,人们一般立即就会想到弗洛伊德的定义:性冲动的对象偏离了性目标而转向新的对象。但这就是升华的定论了吗?拉康虽然一直声称精神分析的关键就在于回到弗洛伊德,但他对升华所做的解释却迥异于弗洛伊德。拉康为我们提出的升华定义是:升华就是把一个对象提高到具有物的尊严的高度。%What does sublimation means? One will usually, at the mention of this question, think of the definition made by Freud: the diversion of sexual drive forces from sexual aims and their direction to new ones. However, is this find word of sublimation? Jacques Lacan gives us a new interpretation of sublimation which is quite contrary to that of Freud while Lacan claims over and over again that what is at issue for psychoanalysis is to return to Freud. The most general formula that Lacan gives us of sub- limation is the following: it raises an object to the dignity of the Thing. What is the distinction be- tween them?

  16. Algumas considerações sobre o campo do biológico em Freud, Laplanche e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália De Toni Guimarães dos Santos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo consiste numa pesquisa teórica sobre a noção de biológico na psicanálise a partir da revisão bibliográfica de Freud, Laplanche e Lacan. Nossa proposta é mapear algumas questões relevantes sobre a inserção do biológico nas teorizações freudianas, ao mesmo tempo que buscaremos delimitar a diferença desse autor em relação a Laplanche e a Lacan. Ao pensar a pulsão como um conceito na fronteira entre o psíquico e o somático, Freud estabelece a teoria do apoio, concebendo a sexualidade como um processo eminentemente intrapsíquico derivado da ordem do biológico. Laplanche segue Freud e a teoria do apoio, embora salientando a importância da intersubjetividade, do outro como agente instaurador do pulsional. Lacan, por sua vez, critica a teoria do apoio, apontando uma separação radical entre o biológico e o sexual, acentuando a questão da parcialidade das pulsões.

  17. A filosofia concreta de Alexandre Kojève e a teoria do imaginário de Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Léa Silveira Sales

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O interesse de Lacan pela dialética não cai sobre o idealismo hegeliano. O que lhe atrai é a especificidade da leitura kojèviana na medida em que promove uma antropologização da Fenomenologia do Espírito. Com essa leitura, o idealismo absoluto de Hegel transforma-se numa filosofia concreta. Uma vez que foi essa a filosofia a influenciar a produção teórica de Lacan, os objetivos desse artigo são realizar uma sua exposição geral e apontar alguns importantes momentos do cruzamento entre antropogênese dialética e discurso lacaniano, ressaltando especialmente três segmentos: o que Lacan retoma de Kojève para a sua teoria do imaginário, em que pontos afasta-se dele e a influência dessa filosofia no movimento de transição do imaginário ao simbólico.

  18. SOCIEDAD Y IDEOLOGÍA DESDE LACAN Y ALTHUSSER: UNA PROPUESTA DE PSICOLOGÍA CRÍTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Miguel Juárez-Salazar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl presente trabajo busca primeramente indagar la teoría de Lacan respecto de la sociedad como significante y como estructura significante para posteriormente encontrar puntos de anclaje con la noción de ideología planteada por Louis Althusser y, de tal suerte, tratar de elucidar ambas ideas como una forma de crítica a las cuestiones de orden social y de la ideología dominante. Ambos conceptos juegan una función de amalgama dentro de los entramados simbólico e imaginario que sin lugar a dudas inciden dentro de las prácticas cotidianas y comunes de los sujetos dentro de un entorno social. La coyuntura entre la propuesta de Althusser y Lacan sugiere entonces una búsqueda que permita introducir nuevas conceptualizaciones de resistencia crítica más allá de las posiciones clínicas de Lacan y en relación con las propuestas marxistas de Althusser.

  19. Supernatural beliefs, aetiological models and help seeking behaviour in patients with schizophrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natasha Kate

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Few studies have evaluated the supernatural beliefs of patients with schizophrenia. This study aimed to study the personal beliefs, aetiological models and help seeking behaviour of patients with schizophrenia using a self-rated questionnaire. Materials and Methods: Seventy three patients returned the completed supernatural Attitude questionnaire. Results: 62% of patients admitted that people in their community believed in sorcery and other magico-religious phenomena. One fourth to half of patients believed in ghosts/evil spirit (26%, spirit intrusion (28.8% and sorcery (46.6%. Two-third patients believed that mental illness can occur either due to sorcery, ghosts/evil spirit, spirit intrusion, divine wrath, planetary/astrological influences, dissatisfied or evil spirits and bad deeds of the past. 40% of the subjects attributed mental disorders to more than one of these beliefs. About half of the patients (46.6% believed that only performance of prayers was sufficient to improve their mental status. Few patients (9.6% believed that magico-religious rituals were sufficient to improve their mental illness but about one-fourth (24.7% admitted that during recent episode either they or their caregivers performed magico-religious rituals. Conclusion: Supernatural beliefs are common in patients with schizophrenia and many of them attribute the symptoms of mental disorders to these beliefs.

  20. Supernatural beliefs, aetiological models and help seeking behaviour in patients with schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kate, Natasha; Grover, Sandeep; Kulhara, Parmanand; Nehra, Ritu

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have evaluated the supernatural beliefs of patients with schizophrenia. This study aimed to study the personal beliefs, aetiological models and help seeking behaviour of patients with schizophrenia using a self-rated questionnaire. Seventy three patients returned the completed supernatural Attitude questionnaire. 62% of patients admitted that people in their community believed in sorcery and other magico-religious phenomena. One fourth to half of patients believed in ghosts/evil spirit (26%), spirit intrusion (28.8%) and sorcery (46.6%). Two-third patients believed that mental illness can occur either due to sorcery, ghosts/evil spirit, spirit intrusion, divine wrath, planetary/astrological influences, dissatisfied or evil spirits and bad deeds of the past. 40% of the subjects attributed mental disorders to more than one of these beliefs. About half of the patients (46.6%) believed that only performance of prayers was sufficient to improve their mental status. Few patients (9.6%) believed that magico-religious rituals were sufficient to improve their mental illness but about one-fourth (24.7%) admitted that during recent episode either they or their caregivers performed magico-religious rituals. Supernatural beliefs are common in patients with schizophrenia and many of them attribute the symptoms of mental disorders to these beliefs.

  1. Getting Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Parents & Students Home > Special Features > Getting Help Getting Help Resources from NIAAA Treatment for Alcohol Problems: Finding ... and find ways to make a change. Professional help Your doctor. Primary care and mental health practitioners ...

  2. Teoria e clínica psicanalítica da psicose em Freud e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Coelho dos Santos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Vamos demonstrar que o tema da psicose é tratado por Freud, tanto clínica quanto teoricamente, com base em sua prática com as neuroses - tendo como pilar conceitual o mecanismo do recalque (Verdrängung. A segunda tópica do funcionamento mental e os desdobramentos da teoria do narcisismo permitem um passo adiante na concepção freudiana da psicose. A diferença estrutural determinante entre as psicoses e as neuroses de transferência é formalizada por Freud em 1924. O paradigma do recalque e suas modalidades de defesa são finalmente abandonados como modelo elucidativo dos fenômenos psicóticos. Seu mecanismo específico será redefinido como rejeição (Verwerfung. Lacan nomeia esse mecanismo como foraclusão do Nome-do-Pai, cuja falta explica a ausência do sujeito da enunciação. Na ausência deste mediador simbólico, a diferença sexual não se ordena sob a rubrica da lógica fálica e do complexo de castração.

  3. Textos e conceitos fundadores de Michel Pêcheux: uma retomada em Althusser e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bethania Mariani

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetiva-se descrever o percurso teórico de Michel Pêcheux com relação ao conceito de sujeito. Para tanto, faz-se um retorno a textos fundadores do marxismo e da psicanálise que foram parte da conceituação proposta por Pêcheux. O ponto de partida é justamente a retomada de questões apontadas por Pêcheux a respeito do pensamento teórico que se elaborava em meados da década de 60 sobre novas práticas de leitura. Faço, assim, um retorno a textos fundadores de Althusser e de Lacan inscritos, de modo explícito ou não,em formulações da Análise do Discurso. Assim, retoma-se, por exemplo, a leitura sintomal, prática de leitura proposta por Althusser a partir de seu retorno a Freud. A leitura sintomal distancia-se da leitura literal, que supõe uma espécie de inocência de um leitor desprovido de ideologia e apto a encontrar o conteúdo do texto, e também de uma leitura hermenêutica, que supostamente encontraria nas entrelinhas o sentido oculto do texto. Essas reflexões e outras se encaminham na direção de se pensar o lugar e os efeitos da Análise do Discurso hoje.

  4. Online Help-Seeking in Communities of Practice: Modeling the Acceptance of Conceptual Artifacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistor, Nicolae; Schworm, Silke; Werner, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    Interactive online help systems are considered to be a fruitful supplement to traditional IT helpdesks, which are often overloaded. They often comprise user-generated FAQ collections playing the role of technology-based conceptual artifacts. Two main questions arise: how the conceptual artifacts should be used, and which factors influence their…

  5. A Simulation of the ECSS Help Desk with the Erlang a Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    their assistance and eagerness to help. Finally, I would like Grant Keaton, Elias Halvorson, William Rosado, Whiticar Darvill, Eric Morin , Rachel...import measures of a successful launch of an ERP is the utilization of the ERP system by its users. Marie- Claude Boudreau challenged the statement

  6. The Montessori Model in Puebla, Mexico: How One Nonprofit Is Helping Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harger, Jeni

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses how the JUCONI Foundation in Puebla, Mexico is helping children. (JUCONI is an acronym for "Junto con los Ninos", or "Together with the Children)." This Mexican nongovernmental organization (NGO) has been successfully working with distressed families and children in Puebla since 1989. For…

  7. The Montessori Model in Puebla, Mexico: How One Nonprofit Is Helping Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harger, Jeni

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses how the JUCONI Foundation in Puebla, Mexico is helping children. (JUCONI is an acronym for "Junto con los Ninos", or "Together with the Children)." This Mexican nongovernmental organization (NGO) has been successfully working with distressed families and children in Puebla since 1989. For…

  8. The mind in the model: capturing expert knowledge with the help of fuzzy logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, J.A.E.B.; Schielen, R.M.J.; Augustijn, D.C.M.; Os, van A.G.

    2006-01-01

    Fuzzy logic offers a way of capturing qualitative knowledge in models. We tested its application in modelling for long term river management planning. We used fuzzy logic to model landscape impacts of different river measures. Preliminary results show that the method allows for modelling expert know

  9. CALCULATION OF DISPLACEMENT FIELD AND DEFORMATIONS OF WEDGE SHAPED TWIN WITH THE HELP OF MESOSCOPIC DISLOCATIONAL MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. V. Vasilevich

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Displacements and deformations of a wedge-shaped twin have been calculated with the help of mesoscopic dislocational model. It has been shown that deformations are localized at twin boundaries and twin top and also at some limited areas which are rather far from the twin. 

  10. Developing Algebra Structure Module and Model of Cooperative Learning Helping Concept Map Media for Improving Proofing Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syafari

    2017-01-01

    This research was purposed to develop module and learning model and instrument of proofing ability in algebra structure through cooperative learning with helping map concept media for students of mathematic major and mathematics education in State University and Private University in North Sumatra province. The subject of this research was the…

  11. A PHYSICS LESSON DESIGNED ACCORDING TO 7E MODEL WITH THE HELP OF INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY (LESSON PLAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selahattin GONEN

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Students enter the classrooms with a preexisting knowledge of science concepts. These science concepts sometimes show inconsistency with the accepted ones by the scientists and called as misconceptions. Studies applied science field have to get possession of abilities that not only detect these misconceptions also help to solve these problems. Hence, instructional methods that correct students’ misconceptions become important. In this sense, a material related to the physics course is designed according to 7E model with the help of instructional technology.

  12. Reality of using a model from local governments' perspective-How science community can help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzazad, S.

    2016-12-01

    Local governments across the US use historic data to approve capital improvement projects and update comprehensive/zoning plans. Due to the effects of climate change, historic data sets are no longer suitable, which requires communities to use climate models to project the future. However, the use of climate models also presents challenges for local governments such as: Variations between models: Because model-development methodologies vary, different climate models provide different end results. A local governments' decision concerning which climate model to use is tricky because the model drives policy direction and infrastructure investments that can be both expensive and controversial. Communicating the gaps of a model: There are always uncertainties associated with modeling. These gaps may range from the scale of a model to the type of data used in modeling. Effectively communicating this to a community is crucial to gain political support. Managing politics associated with using a model: In many cases, models project changes to the built environment that will detrimentally affect private property owners. This can result in strong push back from the community and could threaten the local tax base. Scientists have important roles; from development to delivery of models to assisting local governments navigate through these challenges. Bringing in entities with experience of working with local governments can contribute to a successful outcome. In this proposed session, ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability will use the USGS CoSMoS as a case study for lessons learned in establishing a framework for effective collaboration between local governments and the science community.

  13. Merleau-Ponty y el psicoanálisis (de Freud y Lacan: Deseo, inconsciente y lenguaje Merleau-Ponty and Freud and Lacan's psychoanalysis: Desire, unconscious and language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Lutereau

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available De acuerdo con la modificación del punto de vista de Merleau-Ponty respecto del psicoanálisis (entre 1942 y 1945 ubicaremos sus interpretaciones del deseo y la sexualidad freudiana como fundamento de la incorporación del psicoanálisis en la fenomenología merleau-pontyana. En segundo lugar, consideraremos la interpretación merleau-pontyana de la noción de inconsciente, realizada en el transcurso de la década del 50. En la tercera parte del artículo se expondrá una divergencia fundamental entre la interpretación merleau-pontyana del psicoanálisis y el psicoanálisis de Lacan a propósito de la naturaleza del lenguaje, que hace incompatibles sus nociones de deseo e inconsciente.According to the modification of Merleau-Ponty's point of view regarding psychoanalysis (between 1942 and 1945 we will recognize his interpretations of the Freudian desire and sexuality as the groundwork of the incorporation of psychoanalysis into Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology. Secondly, we will consider Merleau Ponty's interpretation of the notion of unconscious, produced in the course of the 50's. Regarding the nature of language, in the third part of the article a fundamental divergence between Merleau Ponty's interpretation of psychoanalysis and Lacan's psychoanalysis will be presented, which makes their notions of desire and unconscious incompatibles.

  14. Uma discussão sobre a angústia em Jacques Lacan: um contraponto com Freud A discussion about the anxiety in Jacques Lacan: an opposition with Freud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Teixeira Castilho

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Em um primeiro momento este trabalho elucida a concepção de angústia no Seminário Livro 10: A angústia de Jacques Lacan. Depois de tal percurso, busca-se comparar a noção da angústia como um afeto que não é sem objeto com a leitura freudiana de tal conceito. Finalmente, demonstra-se que é justamente esta concepção lacaniana de angústia que permite encontrar a noção de gozo e de desejo no objeto da angústia. As coordenadas para articular o desejo e o gozo convergem para a transmissão de gozo sendo anterior ao significante. Para demonstrar tal hipótese o autor propõe uma releitura do caso Hans de Freud.At first this work will show the conception of anxiety in the Seminary book 10: The anxiety written by Jacques Lacan. Secondly, it will place the idea of anxiety as an affection that is without object opposing freudian idea of anxiety. Finally, will point out the lacanian conception of anxiety offers an interpretation of the idea of beyond pleasure and desire presented in the anxiety's object. The coordination to manipulate de desire and the pleasure will converge to the transmission of the pleasure before the word. This new interpretation brings us to a new reading of the freudian interpretation of the Hans' case.

  15. [Self-help friendliness as an element of patient-centered rehabilitation--results of a model project].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobzien, M; Trojan, A

    2015-04-01

    The concept of self-help friendliness describes a systematic approach in health care institutions to strengthen patient-centeredness through closer collaboration with self-help groups. Self-help groups enable patients to better coping with their diseases. Organised as a participatory process 5 quality criteria for best practice in the cooperation between professionals in rehabilitation facilities and patient organizations were developed and tested. The process of standards development of ISQUA--International Society for Quality in Health Care guided the model project. Implementing the criteria is feasible and in line with institution-specific requirements. The process documentation is accessible via the network "Selbsthilfefreundlichkeit und Patientenorientierung im Gesundheitswesen" (www.selbsthilfefreundlichkeit.de). The discussion deals with problems of realization and perspectives concerning the transfer of results. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  16. Modeling seed dispersal of black cherry, an invasive forest tree: how microsatellites may help?

    OpenAIRE

    Pairon, Marie; Jonard, Mathieu; Jacquemart,Anne-Laure

    2006-01-01

    We used empirical models and three dispersal functions (Weibull, lognormal and 2Dt) to model seed distributions derived from the black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) understorey of a pine-dominated stand. Two different approaches were used to disentangle the overlapping seed shadows: the traditional inverse modeling approach and the genetic approach that uses microsatellite markers to assign a dispersed seed to its maternal parent. The distinction was made between the seeds passively disperse...

  17. Quantifying uncertainty in partially specified biological models: how can optimal control theory help us?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, M W; Morozov, A Y; Kuzenkov, O A

    2016-09-01

    Mathematical models in biology are highly simplified representations of a complex underlying reality and there is always a high degree of uncertainty with regards to model function specification. This uncertainty becomes critical for models in which the use of different functions fitting the same dataset can yield substantially different predictions-a property known as structural sensitivity. Thus, even if the model is purely deterministic, then the uncertainty in the model functions carries through into uncertainty in model predictions, and new frameworks are required to tackle this fundamental problem. Here, we consider a framework that uses partially specified models in which some functions are not represented by a specific form. The main idea is to project infinite dimensional function space into a low-dimensional space taking into account biological constraints. The key question of how to carry out this projection has so far remained a serious mathematical challenge and hindered the use of partially specified models. Here, we propose and demonstrate a potentially powerful technique to perform such a projection by using optimal control theory to construct functions with the specified global properties. This approach opens up the prospect of a flexible and easy to use method to fulfil uncertainty analysis of biological models.

  18. NON-LINEAR VIBRATION MODELING WITH THE HELP OF FUNCTIONAL SERIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. M. Ghasanov

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The algorithm of modeling the significantly nonlinear processes – «black boxes» – is offered. It uses functional series. The algorithm is described on the example of modeling of complex oscillations, which occur in acoustic flaw detection.

  19. Using an Agenda Setting Model to Help Students Develop & Exercise Participatory Skills and Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Anthony D.; Wilkenfeld, Britt S.

    2006-01-01

    The Agenda Setting Model is a program component that can be used in courses to contribute to students' development as responsible, effective, and informed citizens. This model involves students in finding a unified voice to assert an agenda of issues that they find especially pressing. This is often the only time students experience such a…

  20. O desejo do psicanalista e sua implicação na transferência segundo o ensino de Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio Eduardo de Castro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda a ética da psicanálise que é transmitida antes de tudo a partir da experiência intensiva, também chamada classicamente de a análise do psicanalista, principalmente por meio da investigação da expressão lacaniana desejo do psicanalista. Para tal, recorre ao ensino de Lacan, nitidamente no que diz respeito ao estatuto do sintoma na teoria e prática psicanalíticas e aos nomeados "operadores éticos do psicanalista". Do ensino de Lacan extraímos esses operadores clínicos da ética psicanalítica: o desejo do psicanalista; o discurso do psicanalista; o ato do psicanalista; o saber do psicanalista. Esses operadores cumprem a função de coordenadas teórico-conceituais a nos guiar durante a abordagem do mal-estar (e, mais especificamente, do sofrimento proveniente do sintoma que leva um sujeito à busca pela psicanálise como modo e opção de tratamento. Da tomada/abordagem do sintoma no campo da ética da psicanálise retiramos consequências quanto ao agir/proceder do psicanalista na operacionalização dessa mesma ética a partir da situação clínica.

  1. Women with heart disease: can the common-sense model of illness help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shifren, Kim

    2003-04-01

    Noncompliance with cardiac rehabilitation programs is a major concern for female coronary heart disease patients. In this article I argue for the use of the common-sense model of illness in developing interventions to increase compliance with cardiac rehabilitation programs among women with heart disease. First, the common-sense model of illness is discussed. Second, a personal narrative technique that addresses the key components of the common-sense model of illness is presented. I recommend that a modified version of the personal narrative technique be used to increase women's compliance with cardiac rehabilitation programs because this technique is well suited for women's health issues.

  2. [Direct method of temporary restoration making with the help of 3D-modeling].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riakhovskiĭ, A N; Kalacheva, Ia A

    2010-01-01

    Use of temporary restorations in the process of prosthetic rehabilitation is generally accepted practice. Direct method of temporary restoration making as the results of computer modeling is offered. The method essence is in translation of the results of 3D computer modeling of the dentition into stereolithographic model from which later on silicone print (key) is taken; further on it is used for making temporary restoration by the direct method. Such method let in advance work off form and size of the future permanent restorations with taking into account peculiarities of the face and the smile of each patient and receive predictable aesthetic result and increase patient's motivation to the treatment.

  3. Markov chain model helps predict pitting corrosion depth and rate in underground pipelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caleyo, F.; Velazquez, J.C.; Hallen, J. M. [ESIQIE, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Esquivel-Amezcua, A. [PEMEX PEP Region Sur, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico); Valor, A. [Universidad de la Habana, Vedado, La Habana (Cuba)

    2010-07-01

    Recent reports place pipeline corrosion costs in North America at seven billion dollars per year. Pitting corrosion causes the higher percentage of failures among other corrosion mechanisms. This has motivated multiple modelling studies to be focused on corrosion pitting of underground pipelines. In this study, a continuous-time, non-homogenous pure birth Markov chain serves to model external pitting corrosion in buried pipelines. The analytical solution of Kolmogorov's forward equations for this type of Markov process gives the transition probability function in a discrete space of pit depths. The transition probability function can be completely identified by making a correlation between the stochastic pit depth mean and the deterministic mean obtained experimentally. The model proposed in this study can be applied to pitting corrosion data from repeated in-line pipeline inspections. Case studies presented in this work show how pipeline inspection and maintenance planning can be improved by using the proposed Markovian model for pitting corrosion.

  4. Evolutionary ecology in silico: Does mathematical modelling help in understanding `generic' trends?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Debashish Chowdhury; Dietrich Stauffer

    2005-03-01

    Motivated by the results of recent laboratory experiments, as well as many earlier field observations, that evolutionary changes can take place in ecosystems over relatively short ecological time scales, several ‘unified’ mathematical models of evolutionary ecology have been developed over the last few years with the aim of describing the statistical properties of data related to the evolution of ecosystems. Moreover, because of the availability of sufficiently fast computers, it has become possible to carry out detailed computer simulations of these models. For the sake of completeness and to put these recent developments in perspective, we begin with a brief summary of some older models of ecological phenomena and evolutionary processes. However, the main aim of this article is to review critically these ‘unified’ models, particularly those published in the physics literature, in simple language that makes the new theories accessible to a wider audience.

  5. How Does Knowing Snowpack Distribution Help Model Calibration and Reservoir Management?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, C. B.; Mazurkiewicz, A.; McGurk, B. J.; Painter, T. H.

    2014-12-01

    Well calibrated hydrologic models are a necessary tool for reservoir managers to meet increasingly complicated regulatory, environmental and consumptive demands on water supply systems. Achieving these objectives is difficult during periods of drought, such as seen in the Sierra Nevada in recent years. This emphasizes the importance of accurate watershed modeling and forecasting of runoff. While basin discharge has traditionally been the main criteria for model calibration, many studies have shown it to be a poor control on model calibration where correct understanding of the subbasin hydrologic processes are required. Additional data sources such as snowpack accumulation and melt are often required to create a reliable model calibration. When allocating resources for monitoring snowpack conditions, water system managers often must choose between monitoring point locations at high temporal resolution (i.e. real time weather and snow monitoring stations) and large spatial surveys (i.e. remote sensing). NASA's Airborne Snow Observatory (ASO) provides a unique opportunity to test the relative value of spatially dense, temporally sparse measurements vs. temporally dense, spatially sparse measurements for hydrologic model calibration. The ASO is a demonstration mission using coupled LiDAR and imaging spectrometer mounted to an aircraft flying at 6100 m to collect high spatial density measurements of snow water content and albedo over the 1189 km2 Tuolumne River Basin. Snow depth and albedo were collected weekly throughout the snowmelt runoff period at 5 m2 resolution during the 2013-2014 snowmelt. We developed an implementation of the USGS Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) for the Tuolumne River above Hetch Hetchy Reservoir, the primary water source for San Francisco. The modeled snow accumulation and ablation was calibrated in 2 models using either 2 years of weekly measurements of distributed snow water equivalent from the ASO, or 2 years of 15 minute snow

  6. Electricity Market Games: How Agent-Based Modeling Can Help under High Penetrations of Variable Generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallo, Giulia

    2016-03-01

    Integrating increasingly high levels of variable generation in U.S. electricity markets requires addressing not only power system and grid modeling challenges but also an understanding of how market participants react and adapt to them. Key elements of current and future wholesale power markets can be modeled using an agent-based approach, which may prove to be a useful paradigm for researchers studying and planning for power systems of the future.

  7. Help LEP

    CERN Multimedia

    Carreras,R; Lehmann,P

    1988-01-01

    première partie: Help LEP ou le tunnel de l'infini- pièce radiophonique intéréssant sur l'origine de la matière deuxième partie: Help LEP débat; suite à cette pièce interview avec 3 physiciens du Cern sur le projet LEP et le but du Cern qui est la recherche fondamentale

  8. Does Statistical Significance Help to Evaluate Predictive Performance of Competing Models?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levent Bulut

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In Monte Carlo experiment with simulated data, we show that as a point forecast criterion, the Clark and West's (2006 unconditional test of mean squared prediction errors does not reflect the relative performance of a superior model over a relatively weaker one. The simulation results show that even though the mean squared prediction errors of a constructed superior model is far below a weaker alternative, the Clark- West test does not reflect this in their test statistics. Therefore, studies that use this statistic in testing the predictive accuracy of alternative exchange rate models, stock return predictability, inflation forecasting, and unemployment forecasting should not weight too much on the magnitude of the statistically significant Clark-West tests statistics.

  9. Agent based modelling helps in understanding the rules by which fibroblasts support keratinocyte colony formation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Sun

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Autologous keratincoytes are routinely expanded using irradiated mouse fibroblasts and bovine serum for clinical use. With growing concerns about the safety of these xenobiotic materials, it is desirable to culture keratinocytes in media without animal derived products. An improved understanding of epithelial/mesenchymal interactions could assist in this. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A keratincyte/fibroblast o-culture model was developed by extending an agent-based keratinocyte colony formation model to include the response of keratinocytes to both fibroblasts and serum. The model was validated by comparison of the in virtuo and in vitro multicellular behaviour of keratinocytes and fibroblasts in single and co-culture in Greens medium. To test the robustness of the model, several properties of the fibroblasts were changed to investigate their influence on the multicellular morphogenesis of keratinocyes and fibroblasts. The model was then used to generate hypotheses to explore the interactions of both proliferative and growth arrested fibroblasts with keratinocytes. The key predictions arising from the model which were confirmed by in vitro experiments were that 1 the ratio of fibroblasts to keratinocytes would critically influence keratinocyte colony expansion, 2 this ratio needed to be optimum at the beginning of the co-culture, 3 proliferative fibroblasts would be more effective than irradiated cells in expanding keratinocytes and 4 in the presence of an adequate number of fibroblasts, keratinocyte expansion would be independent of serum. CONCLUSIONS: A closely associated computational and biological approach is a powerful tool for understanding complex biological systems such as the interactions between keratinocytes and fibroblasts. The key outcome of this study is the finding that the early addition of a critical ratio of proliferative fibroblasts can give rapid keratinocyte expansion without the use of irradiated mouse

  10. Physiologically-based toxicokinetic models help identifying the key factors affecting contaminant uptake during flood events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brinkmann, Markus; Eichbaum, Kathrin [Department of Ecosystem Analysis, Institute for Environmental Research,ABBt – Aachen Biology and Biotechnology, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 1, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Kammann, Ulrike [Thünen-Institute of Fisheries Ecology, Palmaille 9, 22767 Hamburg (Germany); Hudjetz, Sebastian [Department of Ecosystem Analysis, Institute for Environmental Research,ABBt – Aachen Biology and Biotechnology, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 1, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Mies-van-der-Rohe-Straße 1, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Cofalla, Catrina [Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Mies-van-der-Rohe-Straße 1, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Buchinger, Sebastian; Reifferscheid, Georg [Federal Institute of Hydrology (BFG), Department G3: Biochemistry, Ecotoxicology, Am Mainzer Tor 1, 56068 Koblenz (Germany); Schüttrumpf, Holger [Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Mies-van-der-Rohe-Straße 1, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Preuss, Thomas [Department of Environmental Biology and Chemodynamics, Institute for Environmental Research,ABBt- Aachen Biology and Biotechnology, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 1, 52074 Aachen (Germany); and others

    2014-07-01

    Highlights: • A PBTK model for trout was coupled with a sediment equilibrium partitioning model. • The influence of physical exercise on pollutant uptake was studies using the model. • Physical exercise during flood events can increase the level of biliary metabolites. • Cardiac output and effective respiratory volume were identified as relevant factors. • These confounding factors need to be considered also for bioconcentration studies. - Abstract: As a consequence of global climate change, we will be likely facing an increasing frequency and intensity of flood events. Thus, the ecotoxicological relevance of sediment re-suspension is of growing concern. It is vital to understand contaminant uptake from suspended sediments and relate it to effects in aquatic biota. Here we report on a computational study that utilizes a physiologically based toxicokinetic model to predict uptake, metabolism and excretion of sediment-borne pyrene in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). To this end, data from two experimental studies were compared with the model predictions: (a) batch re-suspension experiments with constant concentration of suspended particulate matter at two different temperatures (12 and 24 °C), and (b) simulated flood events in an annular flume. The model predicted both the final concentrations and the kinetics of 1-hydroxypyrene secretion into the gall bladder of exposed rainbow trout well. We were able to show that exhaustive exercise during exposure in simulated flood events can lead to increased levels of biliary metabolites and identified cardiac output and effective respiratory volume as the two most important factors for contaminant uptake. The results of our study clearly demonstrate the relevance and the necessity to investigate uptake of contaminants from suspended sediments under realistic exposure scenarios.

  11. Reverse translation of failed treatments can help improving the validity of preclinical animal models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    't Hart, Bert A.

    2015-01-01

    A major challenge in translational research is to reduce the currently high proportion of new candidate treatment agents for neuroinflammatory disease, which fail to reproduce promising effects observed in animal models when tested in patients. This disturbing situation has raised criticism against

  12. Scaffolding in L2 Reading: How Repetition and an Auditory Model Help Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taguchi, Etsuo; Gorsuch, Greta; Lems, Kristin; Rosszell, Rory

    2016-01-01

    Reading fluency research and practice have recently undergone some changes. While past studies and interventions focused on reading speed as their main goal, now more emphasis is being placed on exploring the role prosody plays in reading, and how listening to an audio model of a text while reading may act as a form of scaffolding, or aid, to…

  13. Using model-based screening to help discover unknown environmental contaminants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLachlan, Michael S; Kierkegaard, Amelie; Radke, Michael; Sobek, Anna; Malmvärn, Anna; Alsberg, Tomas; Arnot, Jon A; Brown, Trevor N; Wania, Frank; Breivik, Knut; Xu, Shihe

    2014-07-01

    Of the tens of thousands of chemicals in use, only a small fraction have been analyzed in environmental samples. To effectively identify environmental contaminants, methods to prioritize chemicals for analytical method development are required. We used a high-throughput model of chemical emissions, fate, and bioaccumulation to identify chemicals likely to have high concentrations in specific environmental media, and we prioritized these for target analysis. This model-based screening was applied to 215 organosilicon chemicals culled from industrial chemical production statistics. The model-based screening prioritized several recognized organosilicon contaminants and generated hypotheses leading to the selection of three chemicals that have not previously been identified as potential environmental contaminants for target analysis. Trace analytical methods were developed, and the chemicals were analyzed in air, sewage sludge, and sediment. All three substances were found to be environmental contaminants. Phenyl-tris(trimethylsiloxy)silane was present in all samples analyzed, with concentrations of ∼50 pg m(-3) in Stockholm air and ∼0.5 ng g(-1) dw in sediment from the Stockholm archipelago. Tris(trifluoropropyl)trimethyl-cyclotrisiloxane and tetrakis(trifluoropropyl)tetramethyl-cyclotetrasiloxane were found in sediments from Lake Mjøsa at ∼1 ng g(-1) dw. The discovery of three novel environmental contaminants shows that models can be useful for prioritizing chemicals for exploratory assessment.

  14. Helping Students with Cognitive Disabilities Improve Social Writing Skills through Email Modeling and Scaffolding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiao-lei; Eberhard, Dominique; Voron, Mike; Bernas, Ronan

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of email modeling and scaffolding on the social writing quality of students with cognitive disabilities. Ten students from a university-affiliated lab school (mean age = 19.3; SD = 1.2) with an average of IQ of 55.30 (SD = 5.98) and 10 teacher candidates in a university teacher education…

  15. Helping Students with Cognitive Disabilities Improve Social Writing Skills through Email Modeling and Scaffolding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiao-lei; Eberhard, Dominique; Voron, Mike; Bernas, Ronan

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of email modeling and scaffolding on the social writing quality of students with cognitive disabilities. Ten students from a university-affiliated lab school (mean age = 19.3; SD = 1.2) with an average of IQ of 55.30 (SD = 5.98) and 10 teacher candidates in a university teacher education…

  16. Can Agrometeorological Indices of Adverse Weather Conditions Help to Improve Yield Prediction by Crop Models?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branislava Lalić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The impact of adverse weather conditions (AWCs on crop production is random in both time and space and depends on factors such as severity, previous agrometeorological conditions, and plant vulnerability at a specific crop development stage. Any exclusion or improper treatment of any of these factors can cause crop models to produce significant under- or overestimates of yield. The analysis presented in this paper focuses on a range of agrometeorological indices (AMI related to AWCs that might affect real yield as well as simulated yield. For this purpose, the analysis addressed four indicators of extreme temperatures and three indicators of dry conditions during the growth period of maize and winter wheat in Austria, Croatia, Serbia, Slovakia, and Sweden. It is shown that increases in the number and intensity of AWCs cannot be unambiguously associated with increased deviations in simulated yields. The identified correlations indicate an increase in modeling uncertainty. This finding represents important information for the crop modeling community. Additionally, it opens a window of opportunity for a statistical (“event scenario” approach based on correlations between agrometeorological indices of AWCs and crop yield data series. This approach can provide scenarios for certain locations, crop types, and AWC patterns and, therefore, improve yield forecasting in the presence of AWCs.

  17. Seasonal Drought Prediction in East Africa: Can National Multi-Model Ensemble Forecasts Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shukla, Shraddhanand; Roberts, J. B.; Funk, Christopher; Robertson, F. R.; Hoell, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    The increasing food and water demands of East Africa's growing population are stressing the region's inconsistent water resources and rain-fed agriculture. As recently as in 2011 part of this region underwent one of the worst famine events in its history. Timely and skillful drought forecasts at seasonal scale for this region can inform better water and agro-pastoral management decisions, support optimal allocation of the region's water resources, and mitigate socio-economic losses incurred by droughts. However seasonal drought prediction in this region faces several challenges. Lack of skillful seasonal rainfall forecasts; the focus of this presentation, is one of those major challenges. In the past few decades, major strides have been taken towards improvement of seasonal scale dynamical climate forecasts. The National Centers for Environmental Prediction's (NCEP) National Multi-model Ensemble (NMME) is one such state-of-the-art dynamical climate forecast system. The NMME incorporates climate forecasts from 6+ fully coupled dynamical models resulting in 100+ ensemble member forecasts. Recent studies have indicated that in general NMME offers improvement over forecasts from any single model. However thus far the skill of NMME for forecasting rainfall in a vulnerable region like the East Africa has been unexplored. In this presentation we report findings of a comprehensive analysis that examines the strength and weakness of NMME in forecasting rainfall at seasonal scale in East Africa for all three of the prominent seasons for the region. (i.e. March-April-May, July-August-September and October-November- December). Simultaneously we also describe hybrid approaches; that combine statistical approaches with NMME forecasts; to improve rainfall forecast skill in the region when raw NMME forecasts lack in skill.

  18. Why a Train Set Helps Participants Co-Construct Meaning in Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beuthel, Maria Rosa; Buur, Jacob

    In this position paper we show how participants in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to co-construct understandings of a new business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of developing new terms and concepts together is crucial for work to progress. Every...... to understand how they construct a concept. We observe that the final result of the workshop is indeed innovative and is co-constructed by all group members. We discuss why the toy train works: It keeps both hands and mind busy, it allows silent participation, and it expands the vocabulary of the discussion....

  19. Why a Train Set Helps Participants Co-Construct Meaning in Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beuthel, Maria Rosa; Buur, Jacob

    to understand how they construct a concept. We observe that the final result of the workshop is indeed innovative and is co-constructed by all group members. We discuss why the toy train works: It keeps both hands and mind busy, it allows silent participation, and it expands the vocabulary of the discussion.......In this position paper we show how participants in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to co-construct understandings of a new business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of developing new terms and concepts together is crucial for work to progress. Every...

  20. Quality of working life and workload in home help services: a review of the literature and a proposal for a research model.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arts, S.E.J.; Kerkstra, A.; Zee, J. van der; Huyer Abu-Saad, H.

    2001-01-01

    In this literature review, several models for quality of working life and workload appropriate for home help services are presented. The aim was to develop a model for assessing the psychological and physical outcomes of working in home help services. Although the models described in this review in

  1. Oceanic circulation models help to predict global biogeography of pelagic yellow-bellied sea snake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brischoux, François; Cotté, Cédric; Lillywhite, Harvey B; Bailleul, Frédéric; Lalire, Maxime; Gaspar, Philippe

    2016-08-01

    It is well recognized that most marine vertebrates, and especially tetrapods, precisely orient and actively move in apparently homogeneous oceanic environments. Here, we investigate the presumptive role of oceanic currents in biogeographic patterns observed in a secondarily marine tetrapod, the yellow-bellied sea snake (Hydrophis [Pelamis] platurus). State-of-the-art world ocean circulation models show how H. platurus, the only pelagic species of sea snake, can potentially exploit oceanic currents to disperse and maintain population mixing between localities that spread over two-thirds of the Earth's circumference. The very close association of these snakes with surface currents seems to provide a highly efficient dispersal mechanism that allowed this species to range extensively and relatively quickly well beyond the central Indo-Pacific area, the centre of origin, abundance and diversity of sea snakes. Our results further suggest that the pan-oceanic population of this species must be extraordinarily large. © 2016 The Author(s).

  2. Polarization in Raman spectroscopy helps explain bone brittleness in genetic mouse models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makowski, Alexander J.; Pence, Isaac J.; Uppuganti, Sasidhar; Zein-Sabatto, Ahbid; Huszagh, Meredith C.; Mahadevan-Jansen, Anita; Nyman, Jeffry S.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract. Raman spectroscopy (RS) has been extensively used to characterize bone composition. However, the link between bone biomechanics and RS measures is not well established. Here, we leveraged the sensitivity of RS polarization to organization, thereby assessing whether RS can explain differences in bone toughness in genetic mouse models for which traditional RS peak ratios are not informative. In the selected mutant mice—activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) or matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) knock-outs—toughness is reduced but differences in bone strength do not exist between knock-out and corresponding wild-type controls. To incorporate differences in the RS of bone occurring at peak shoulders, a multivariate approach was used. Full spectrum principal components analysis of two paired, orthogonal bone orientations (relative to laser polarization) improved genotype classification and correlation to bone toughness when compared to traditional peak ratios. When applied to femurs from wild-type mice at 8 and 20 weeks of age, the principal components of orthogonal bone orientations improved age classification but not the explanation of the maturation-related increase in strength. Overall, increasing polarization information by collecting spectra from two bone orientations improves the ability of multivariate RS to explain variance in bone toughness, likely due to polarization sensitivity to organizational changes in both mineral and collagen. PMID:25402627

  3. Forming a new clinical team for frail older people: can a group development model help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Elizabeth Susan; Pollard, Lorraine; Conroy, Simon; Clague-Baker, Nicola

    2014-03-01

    Integrated services which utilise the expertise of team members along care pathways are evolving. Changes in service structure and subsequent team working arrangements can be a challenge for practitioners expected to redefine how they work with one another. These services are particularly important for the care of frail older people. This exploratory study of one newly forming team presents the views of staff involved in establishing an interprofessional healthcare advisory team for older people within an acute hospital admissions unit. Staff experiences of forming a new service are aligned to a model of team development. The findings are presented as themes relating to the stages of team development and identify the challenges of setting up an integrated service alongside existing services. In particular, team process issues relating to the clarity of goals, role clarification, leadership, team culture and identity. Managers must allow time to ensure new services evolve before setting up evaluation studies for efficiency and effectiveness which might prove against the potential for interprofessional teamworking.

  4. Earthworms Dilong: Ancient, Inexpensive, Noncontroversial Models May Help Clarify Approaches to Integrated Medicine Emphasizing Neuroimmune Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin L. Cooper

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Earthworms have provided ancient cultures with food and sources of medicinal cures. Ayurveda, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, and practices in Japan, Vietnam, and Korea have focused first on earthworms as sources of food. Gradually fostering an approach to potential beneficial healing properties, there are renewed efforts through bioprospecting and evidence-based research to understand by means of rigorous investigations the mechanisms of action whether earthworms are used as food and/or as sources of potential medicinal products. Focusing on earthworms grew by serendipity from an extensive analysis of the earthworm’s innate immune system. Their immune systems are replete with leukocytes and humoral products that exert credible health benefits. Their emerging functions with respect to evolution of innate immunity have long been superseded by their well-known ecological role in soil conservation. Earthworms as inexpensive, noncontroversial animal models (without ethical concerns are not vectors of disease do not harbor parasites that threaten humans nor are they annoying pests. By recognizing their numerous ecological, environmental, and biomedical roles, substantiated by inexpensive and more comprehensive investigations, we will become more aware of their undiscovered beneficial properties.

  5. Polarization in Raman spectroscopy helps explain bone brittleness in genetic mouse models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makowski, Alexander J.; Pence, Isaac J.; Uppuganti, Sasidhar; Zein-Sabatto, Ahbid; Huszagh, Meredith C.; Mahadevan-Jansen, Anita; Nyman, Jeffry S.

    2014-11-01

    Raman spectroscopy (RS) has been extensively used to characterize bone composition. However, the link between bone biomechanics and RS measures is not well established. Here, we leveraged the sensitivity of RS polarization to organization, thereby assessing whether RS can explain differences in bone toughness in genetic mouse models for which traditional RS peak ratios are not informative. In the selected mutant mice-activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) or matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) knock-outs-toughness is reduced but differences in bone strength do not exist between knock-out and corresponding wild-type controls. To incorporate differences in the RS of bone occurring at peak shoulders, a multivariate approach was used. Full spectrum principal components analysis of two paired, orthogonal bone orientations (relative to laser polarization) improved genotype classification and correlation to bone toughness when compared to traditional peak ratios. When applied to femurs from wild-type mice at 8 and 20 weeks of age, the principal components of orthogonal bone orientations improved age classification but not the explanation of the maturation-related increase in strength. Overall, increasing polarization information by collecting spectra from two bone orientations improves the ability of multivariate RS to explain variance in bone toughness, likely due to polarization sensitivity to organizational changes in both mineral and collagen.

  6. El objeto de la angustia: Husserl, Heidegger, Lacan. Una aproximación desde la fenomenología y el psicoanálisis The object of anguish: Husserl, Heidegger, Lacan. An approach through phenomenology and psychoanalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Autino

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se propone elucidar el estatuto de la angustia como acto objetivante. Que la angustia es un afecto referido a un objeto es un tema de interés tradicional para el psicoanálisis y fenomenología. Nos proponemos demostrar tres cuestiones: a una lectura de la Quinta de las Investigaciones Lógicas (1900-1 de Husserl revela que todo acto intencional no objetivante exige un acto objetivante del cual obtener su objeto de referencia; b la angustia como afecto sin objeto es el producto de una interpretación habitual de las afirmaciones de Heidegger en ¿Qué es metafísica? (1949, mientras que una lectura más atenta revela un aspecto novedoso respecto del problema del objeto de la angustia; c la necesidad husserliana del objeto en los actos no objetivantes, entre los cuales se encuentra la angustia, se corresponde con la exigencia del objeto resaltada por Lacan en el Seminario X (1962-3 en relación al objeto a.The aim of this paper is to elucidate the character of anguish as an objectifying act. Anguish considered as a mode of affection referred to an object is a subject of traditional research in psychoanalysis and phenomenology. We intend to demonstrate three hypotheses: a reading the Fifth of Husserl's Logical Investigations (1900-1 reveals that all non-objectifying intentional acts need an objectifying act from which to obtain its reference object; b anguish as an objectless affection is the result of a common construal of Heidegger's statements in What is metaphysic? (1949, while a more careful reading reveals an unnoticed aspect regarding the problem of the object of anguish; c the husserlian necessity of an object in non-objectifying acts, to which anguish belongs, corresponds with the need of an object highlighted by Lacan in the Seminar X (1962-3 with regard to the object a.

  7. Soft tissue models: easy and inexpensive flexible 3D printing as a help in surgical planning of cardiovascular disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starosolski, Zbigniew; Ezon, David S.; Krishnamurthy, Rajesh; Dodd, Nicholas; Heinle, Jeffrey; Mckenzie, Dean E.; Annapragada, Ananth

    2017-03-01

    We developed a technology that allows a simple desktop 3D printer with dual extruder to fabricate 3D flexible models of Major AortoPulmonary Collateral Arteries. The study was designed to assess whether the flexible 3D printed models could help during surgical planning phase. Simple FDM 3D printers are inexpensive, versatile in use and easy to maintain, but complications arise when the designed model is complex and has tubular structures with small diameter less than 2mm. The advantages of FDM printers are cost and simplicity of use. We use precisely selected materials to overcome the obstacles listed above. Dual extruder allows to use two different materials while printing, which is especially important in the case of fragile structures like pulmonary vessels and its supporting structures. The latter should not be removed by hand to avoid a truncation of the model. We utilize the water soluble PVA as a supporting structure and Poro-Lay filament for flexible model of AortoPulmonary collateral arteries. Poro-Lay filament is different as compared to all the other flexible ones like polymer-based. Poro-Lay is rigid while printing and this allows printing of structures small in diameter. It achieves flexibility after washing out of printed model with water. It becomes soft in touch and gelatinous. Using both PVA and Poro-Lay gives a huge advantage allowing to wash out the supporting structures and achieve flexibility in one washing operation, saving time and avoiding human error with cleaning the model. We evaluated 6 models for MAPCAS surgical planning study. This approach is also cost-effective - an average cost of materials for print is less than $15; models are printed in facility without any delays. Flexibility of 3D printed models approximate soft tissues properly, mimicking Aortopulmonary collateral arteries. Second utilization models has educational value for both residents and patients' family. Simplification of 3D flexible process could help in other models

  8. Handheld Devices and Video Modeling to Enhance the Learning of Self-Help Skills in Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Joseph E; Morgan, Michele; Barnett, Veronica; Spreat, Scott

    2015-04-01

    The viewing of videos is a much-studied intervention to teach self-help, social, and vocational skills. Many of the studies to date looked at video modeling using televisions, computers, and other large screens. This study looked at the use of video modeling on portable handheld devices to teach hand washing to three adolescent students with an autism spectrum disorder. Three students participated in this 4-week study conducted by occupational therapists. Baseline data were obtained for the first student for 1 week, the second for 2 weeks, and the third for 3 weeks; videos were introduced when the participants each finished the baseline phase. Given the cognitive and motor needs of the participants, the occupational therapist set the player so that the participants only had to press the play button to start the video playing. The participants were able to hold the players and view at distances that were most appropriate for their individual needs and preferences. The results suggest that video modeling on a handheld device improves the acquisition of self-help skills.

  9. 拉康欲望理论的发生学意义%The Phylogenetic Meaning of Lacan's Desire Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玲

    2012-01-01

    Jaques Lacan thinks that subject's desires are expanded on the topographic map. Desires are growing and developing in one's life. Identification and narcissism, gaze, alienation and self-certification, which are interacted, and not only forming the content and expressing way of desire, but also announcing intricate nature of subject's desire%拉康认为主体的欲望在三界拓扑图上展开,在人的一生中,欲望处在一个发生发展的过程中,在这个过程中,认同与自恋、凝视、异化与自我确证相互作用,共同构成主体的欲望的内容和表达方式,也共同揭示了主体欲望的复杂本质。

  10. Help Others,Help Me

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    WHEN they first came to Xingcheng, Huang Jing and her husband Ma Shiyu didn’t come to help others. They came to seek their own fortune in this small, ancient coastal town where they saw prospects of prosperity. So when the couple decided to move to Xingcheng, they didn’t know their coming would be a turning point for many locals. too.

  11. Help Us to Help Ourselves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanistreet, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Local authorities have a strong tradition of supporting communities to help themselves, and this is nowhere better illustrated than in the learning they commission and deliver through the Adult Safeguarded Learning budget. The budget was set up to protect at least a minimum of provision for adult liberal education, family learning and learning for…

  12. Modeling oscillatory dynamics in brain microcircuits as a way to help uncover neurological disease mechanisms: A proposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skinner, F. K. [Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Krembil Discovery Tower, Toronto Western Hospital, 60 Leonard Street, 7th floor, 7KD411, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8 (Canada); Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Toronto, 200 Elizabeth Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C4 (Canada); Department of Physiology, University of Toronto Medical Sciences Building, 3rd Floor, 1 King' s College Circle, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8 (Canada); Ferguson, K. A. [Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Krembil Discovery Tower, Toronto Western Hospital, 60 Leonard Street, 7th floor, 7KD411, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8 (Canada); Department of Physiology, University of Toronto Medical Sciences Building, 3rd Floor, 1 King' s College Circle, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8 (Canada)

    2013-12-15

    There is an undisputed need and requirement for theoretical and computational studies in Neuroscience today. Furthermore, it is clear that oscillatory dynamical output from brain networks is representative of various behavioural states, and it is becoming clear that one could consider these outputs as measures of normal and pathological brain states. Although mathematical modeling of oscillatory dynamics in the context of neurological disease exists, it is a highly challenging endeavour because of the many levels of organization in the nervous system. This challenge is coupled with the increasing knowledge of cellular specificity and network dysfunction that is associated with disease. Recently, whole hippocampus in vitro preparations from control animals have been shown to spontaneously express oscillatory activities. In addition, when using preparations derived from animal models of disease, these activities show particular alterations. These preparations present an opportunity to address challenges involved with using models to gain insight because of easier access to simultaneous cellular and network measurements, and pharmacological modulations. We propose that by developing and using models with direct links to experiment at multiple levels, which at least include cellular and microcircuit, a cycling can be set up and used to help us determine critical mechanisms underlying neurological disease. We illustrate our proposal using our previously developed inhibitory network models in the context of these whole hippocampus preparations and show the importance of having direct links at multiple levels.

  13. Let's Talk Music - A Model for Enhancing Intercultural Communication: Trying to Understand Why and How Music Helps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avi Gilboa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the Let's talk music model, in which people from different cultural backgrounds work in a group setting to address and resolve cultural and identity conflicts. The model is based on musical activities and the goal of this article is to understand why and how music helps to promote this cause. To do this, a careful analysis of the components of "musical identity" was conducted (My music, My culture's music, Other's music I do not like, and Other's music I do not know and thereafter ways by which music was used to bridge the musical identities of people from different (sometimes opposing backgrounds were found. The Let's talk music model is then described and examples are given to show how this model enables the interplay within the components of one's musical identity and between the musical identities of different people. It is shown that this interplay eventually enables Let's talk music participants to gain a more developed, more tolerant identity. The article concludes with remarks on the importance of such processes to enable a better society.

  14. Considerations on paranoiac psychosis and its relation with personality Annotations around Jacques Lacan's Doctoral Thesis. The case of psychosis and its relation to the subjective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Velosa Forero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available De las psicosis paranoicas y de su relación con la personalidad, es el título de la tesis de grado de doctorado de Jacques Lacan, editada en 1932 (1987. A partir de la lectura de ese trabajo, se presenta en este escrito una breve reflexión sobre el asunto de las psicosis y de su relación con lo psicológico y lo social. Se revisan algunos planteamientos de Lacan, se retoma el caso Aimée y se intenta privilegiar la noción de escucha y la categoría aún no desarrollada de sujeto.

  15. A new weighted balance measure helped to select the variables to be included in a propensity score model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruana, Emmanuel; Chevret, Sylvie; Resche-Rigon, Matthieu; Pirracchio, Romain

    2015-12-01

    The propensity score (PS) is a balancing score. Following PS matching, balance checking usually relies on estimating separately the standardized absolute mean difference for each baseline characteristic. The average standardized absolute mean difference and the Mahalanobis distances have been proposed to summarize the information across the covariates. However, they might be minimized when nondesirable variables such as instrumental variables (IV) are included in the PS model. We propose a new weighted summary balance measure that takes into account, for each covariate, its strength of association with the outcome. This new measure was evaluated using a simulation study to assess whether minimization of the measure coincided with minimally biased estimates. All measures were then applied to a real data set from an observational cohort study. Contrarily to the other measures, our proposal was minimized when including the confounders, which coincided with minimal bias and mean squared error, but increased when including an IV in the PS model. Similar findings were observed in the real data set. A balance measure taking into account the strength of association between the covariates and the outcome may be helpful to identify the most parsimonious PS model. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Concepción de la consistencia imaginaria de Freud a Lacan y su lugar en el nudo Borromeo. (Conception of the Imaginary Consistency from Freud to Lacan and Its Place in the Borromean Knot.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Zorelly Giraldo Aristizábal

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo es síntesis de una investigación ya terminada, orientada por la pregunta: ¿Qué lugar tiene la consistencia imaginaria en el nudo borromeo? Fueron tomados como referentes principales Sigmund Freud y Jacques Lacan. Para su desarrollo se revisaron planteamientos acerca de la libido, la pulsión y otros más elementos de lo imaginario, tales como las experiencias ópticas y el nudo borromeo. Este último, figura topológica que ilustra la manera en que se articulan los registros, pero además, muestra que se tejen entre ellos en función de un elemento central que tiene una faz imaginaria y también tiene la consistencia que puede tener un concepto, este elemento es el objeto a. Palabras clave: Nudo borromeo, consistencia, imaginario, topología. Abstract This article summarizes an investigation led by the question: which is the place of the imaginary consistency in the Borromean knot? The main references of the investigation were Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan. For the development of this, there were revised different approaches to libido, drive, and other elements of the imaginary such as the optic experiences and the Borromean knot. This last one, topologic figure that illustrates how the different orders articulate, shows how they interconnect with each other around a central element which has an imaginary face and also the consistency of a concept: object a. Keywords: Borromean knot, consistency, imaginary, topology. Résumé Cet article est la synthèse d'une recherche déjà terminée et dont la question directrice était la suivante : quelle est la place de la consistance imaginaire dans le Nœud borroméen ? Sigmund Freud et Jacques Lacan ont été les auteurs de référence pour ce texte. Des réflexions à propos de la libido, la pulsion et d'autres éléments ayant trait au domaine de l'imaginaire tels que les expériences optiques et le Nœud borroméen ont été abordées. Ce dernier, figure topologique

  17. Scale up tools in reactive extrusion and compounding processes. Could 1D-computer modeling be helpful?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradel, J.-L.; David, C.; Quinebèche, S.; Blondel, P.

    2014-05-01

    Industrial scale-up (or scale down) in Compounding and Reactive Extrusion processes is one of the most critical R&D challenges. Indeed, most of High Performances Polymers are obtained within a reactive compounding involving chemistry: free radical grafting, in situ compatibilization, rheology control... but also side reactions: oxidation, branching, chain scission... As described by basic Arrhenius and kinetics laws, the competition between all chemical reactions depends on residence time distribution and temperature. Then, to ensure the best possible scale up methodology, we need tools to match thermal history of the formulation along the screws from a lab scale twin screw extruder to an industrial one. This paper proposes a comparison between standard scale-up laws and the use of Computer modeling Software such as Ludovic® applied and compared to experimental data. Scaling data from a compounding line to another one, applying general rules (for example at constant specific mechanical energy), shows differences between experimental and computed data, and error depends on the screw speed range. For more accurate prediction, 1D-Computer Modeling could be used to optimize the process conditions to ensure the best scale-up product, especially in temperature sensitive reactive extrusion processes. When the product temperature along the screws is the key, Ludovic® software could help to compute the temperature profile along the screws and extrapolate conditions, even screw profile, on industrial extruders.

  18. How far does“public”or“civic”journalism in the US help to fulfil the requirements of the“social responsibility”model?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩

    2007-01-01

    This essay analyses the correspondence between public journalism and social responsibility theory. The background are similar. Through some cases we draw the conclusion that public journalism did help social responsibility model in the US.

  19. "Paidescendo no paraíso": uma investigação sobre o pai e a religião na teoria de Freud e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Helena Gonçalves Nani

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la relación entre la religión y el padre, más concretamente, la proximidad de la imagen de Dios con la imagen de un padre, aclarada por Freud y Lacan. De acuerdo con Freud, que se mueve al sujeto a buscar la religión es el sentimiento de desamparo en la niñez, inherente a todo ser humano. De este modo, el autor muestra cómo la religión utiliza este hecho, con lo que la figura del padre en el centro de sus reflexiones. Pensar en el padre en la psicoanálisis, es indispensable recurrir a las contribuciones de Lacan, cuando habla del función de padre, cuestionando la importancia de la presencia de una persona que ocupa ese lugar. Por otra parte, Lacan apunta a la pluralización del Nombre-del- Padre, lo que permite una multitud de significantes actuar en ese lugar, con cada sujeto que responde mejor actúa como la función de padre. El padre, en Lacan, que funciona como un nodo que se une los registros Real, Simbólico e Imaginario. A través del concepto de sinthome, Lacan insiste en que el padre debe mostrar sus defectos, lo que permite al hijo a ir más allá. Sin embargo, este movimiento sólo es posible si el hijo toma al padre como un instrumento para ser usado y pasado. Y este movimiento es que la religión no permite que ocurra, se ofrece a los sujetos un Dios-Padre perfecto. Como la referencia paterna se ha debilitado en las configuraciones de la familia actual, es esta la imagen del padre que la búsqueda neurótica. Sin embargo, es imposible que la figura del padre es el constructor de paz que tanto desea el neurótico por sus sus faltas, que se refieren a una intolerable falta de seguridad para el neurótico. El sujeto es entonces ofreció un desafío: la liberación de su esfuerzo por recomponer el padre, aceptando sus errores y sin el uso de él, pero que le sirvan.

  20. Factors that influence young people's mental health help-seeking behaviour: a study based on the Health Belief Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Peter J; Martin, Brett; Weeks, Clinton S; Ong, Luzian

    2014-11-01

    To identify key predictors and moderators of mental health 'help-seeking behavior' in adolescents. Mental illness is highly prevalent in adolescents and young adults; however, individuals in this demographic group are among the least likely to seek help for such illnesses. Very little quantitative research has examined predictors of help-seeking behaviour in this demographic group. A cross-sectional design was used. A group of 180 volunteers between the ages of 17-25 completed a survey designed to measure hypothesized predictors and moderators of help-seeking behaviour. Predictors included a range of health beliefs, personality traits and attitudes. Data were collected in August 2010 and were analysed using two standard and three hierarchical multiple regression analyses. The standard multiple regression analyses revealed that extraversion, perceived benefits of seeking help, perceived barriers to seeking help and social support were direct predictors of help-seeking behaviour. Tests of moderated relationships (using hierarchical multiple regression analyses) indicated that perceived benefits were more important than barriers in predicting help-seeking behaviour. In addition, perceived susceptibility did not predict help-seeking behaviour unless individuals were health conscious to begin with or they believed that they would benefit from help. A range of personality traits, attitudes and health beliefs can predict help-seeking behaviour for mental health problems in adolescents. The variable 'Perceived Benefits' is of particular importance as it is: (1) a strong and robust predictor of help-seeking behaviour; and (2) a factor that can theoretically be modified based on health promotion programmes. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. El imaginario, narcisismo y agresividad en psicoanálisis: del joven Lacan a la violencia urbana // Imaginary, narcissism and aggressivness in psychoanalysis: since young Lacan until urban violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Rojas Navarro

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende establecer, a partir de la pregunta por la constitución subjetiva, un recorrido teórico por algunas de las grandes problemáticas en torno a lo imaginario, el narcisismo y la agresividad, tal y como se desprenden de algunos de los trabajos clave de Jacques Lacan entre 1936 y 1949. A partir de ello, se propone una interrogación del fenómeno de la violencia urbana, propio de la vida con y entre otros. Se intentará mostrar así el potencial teórico que retienen los trabajos tempranos del psicoanalista francés y, al mismo tiempo, intentar hipótesis interpretativas del fenómeno de la violencia que no la reduzcan a un hecho "externo" al sujeto, causado por una presunta decadencia de la fuerza de la ley. // The current article aims to establish, since the question about the subjective composition, a theoretical exploration through some of the biggest questions around imaginary, narcissism, and aggressiveness; as well as in some of Lacan’s key works between 1936 and 1949. After that, a question about the urban violence — typical in life with and among others— appears. Trying to show the theoretical potential inside the French psychoanalyst’s early works

  2. Investigations on the Impact of Material-Integrated Sensors with the Help of FEM-Based Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerrit Dumstorff

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We present investigations on the impact of material-integrated sensors with the help of finite element-based modeling. A sensor (inlay integrated with a material (matrix is always a foreign body in the material, which can lead to a “wound effect”, that is degradation of the macroscopic behavior of a material. By analyzing the inlay’s impact on the material in terms of mechanical load, heat conduction, stress during integration and other impacts of integration, this wound effect is analyzed. For the mechanical load, we found out that the inlay has to be at least as stretchable and bendable as the matrix. If there is a high thermal load during integration, the coefficients of the thermal expansion of the inlay have to be matched to the matrix. In the case of a high thermal load during operation, the inlay has to be as thin as possible or its thermal conductivity has to be adapted to the thermal conductivity of the matrix. To have a general view of things, the results are dimensionless and independent of the geometry. In each section, the results are illustrated by examples. Based on all of the results, we present our idea for the fabrication of future material-integrated sensors.

  3. The Role and Practice of Property Optimisation to Help Evaluate 3D Geological Models using Gravity and Magnetic Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, R.

    2008-12-01

    As the shift from 2D to 3D geological mapping gathers strength and the number of multi-component potential field data sets increases, there is a need for greater sophistication in the gravity and magnetic modelling tools that can be used to help evaluate and refine the properties and geometry of the various units within these models. The hitherto standard approach of 2D forward modelling of selected cross-sections is progressively giving way to full 3D forward modelling. An example of a user-guided optimisation method to streamline what would otherwise be a time-consuming and frustrating manual iterative refinement process in 3D is presented. A combination of the density and magnetic properties assigned to each geological unit is derived such that the total calculated response best matches the supplied scalar, vector or tensor gravity and magnetic field observations, subject to specified levels of uncertainty (bounds) in the properties. Numerical optimisation is achieved with a standard linear least squares routine, subject to equality and bounds constraints. The user is presented with 3 standard options for every property, allowing the property values to be either (a) fixed, (b) free to vary within a specified range, or (c) free vary over a very broad range. Additionally, properties for a group of geological units can be linked so that they all return the same value. The parameterisation of density properties is relatively straight forward with a single property for each geological unit. Magnetic properties present more of a challenge. Three distinct scenarios are identified and a separate option can be selected for each geological unit. These assume (1) only induced susceptibility, (2) a combination of induced susceptibility and remanent magnetisation of know direction, or (3) a combination of induced susceptibility and remanent magnetisation of unknown direction. In this latter case, a solution is obtained for the total effective magnetisation in the form of 3

  4. Lacan com Koyré: teoria do sujeito e suas incidências clínicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Henschel de Lima

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende analizar la importancia de este recurso para la doctrina de la ciencia Alexandre Koyré en la formalización de la teoría lacaniana del sujeto y las razones de una clínica que respondiera al contexto de la época, impulsada por los avances en la bioquímica como herramienta metodológica para abordar del funcionamiento psíquico. La lectura de los escritos y seminarios, situados en el marco de su primera enseñanza y que componen el proyecto de retorno a Freud, el lector de Lacan se enfrenta con las coordenadas necesarias para garantizar la especificidad del psicoanálisis en relación al ideal positivista de la ciencia. A partir de estas consideraciones, éste artículo científico tiene como hipótesis que la doctrina de koyreana justifica el concepto del programa de formalización del inconsciente como una estructura en la primera enseñanza y permite localizar el psicoanálisis en la línea de resistencia al modelo biológico.

  5. Rethinking the unconscious: the unacknowledged contribution of Edward Sapir to Claude Lévi-Strauss and Jacques Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brody, E B

    1987-01-01

    Sapir defined the human unconscious as a mechanism (based on phonemes learned during language acquisition) which imposes linguistic forms upon out-of-awareness 'psychic content' or 'elements of experience', rather than as a repository of repressed impulses or ideas striving for expression. In contemporary terms this activity may be regarded as unconscious information processing prequisite to experiential residues becoming available to conscious attention. It also imposes (as in 'projecting') the observer's cultural forms, modified by developmental experience, upon communications from others. This view antedates Lévi-Strauss' unconscious which 'transforms' elements of the past 'into language' and Lacan's unconscious structured 'like a language'. The clinical psychoanalytic study of out-of-awareness mental processes, understood as a dialectic shaped by the discrepancy in power between analyst and patient, illuminates the unstable relationship between the words or signifiers selected by the patient from the infinite lexicon of available, usually socially shared, verbal or non-verbal language (his plane of expression) and his varied preconscious collections of signifieds, including cultural as well as personal developmental knowledge (his plane of content).

  6. Description of Adults Seeking Hearing Help for the First Time According to Two Health Behavior Change Approaches: Transtheoretical Model (Stages of Change) and Health Belief Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Gabrielle H; Frederick, Melissa T; Silverman, ShienPei C; Nielsen, Claus; Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane

    2016-01-01

    Several models of health behavior change are commonly used in health psychology. This study applied the constructs delineated by two models-the transtheoretical model (in which readiness for health behavior change can be described with the stages of precontemplation, contemplation and action) and the health belief model (in which susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, self-efficacy, and cues to action are thought to determine likelihood of health behavior change)-to adults seeking hearing help for the first time. One hundred eighty-two participants (mean age: 69.5 years) were recruited following an initial hearing assessment by an audiologist. Participants' mean four-frequency pure-tone average was 35.4 dB HL, with 25.8% having no hearing impairment, 50.5% having a slight impairment, and 23.1% having a moderate or severe impairment using the World Health Organization definition of hearing loss. Participants' hearing-related attitudes and beliefs toward hearing health behaviors were examined using the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) and the health beliefs questionnaire (HBQ), which assess the constructs of the transtheoretical model and the health belief model, respectively. Participants also provided demographic information, and completed the hearing handicap inventory (HHI) to assess participation restrictions, and the psychosocial impact of hearing loss (PIHL) to assess the extent to which hearing impacts competence, self-esteem, and adaptability. Degree of hearing impairment was associated with participation restrictions, perceived competence, self-esteem and adaptability, and attitudes and beliefs measured by the URICA and the HBQ. As degree of impairment increased, participation restrictions measured by the HHI, and impacts of hearing loss, as measured by the PIHL, increased. The majority of first-time help seekers in this study were in the action stage of change. Furthermore, relative to individuals with less hearing impairment

  7. A verdade e o engodo do desejo na leitura do seminário a angústia de Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Teixeira Dutra Viola

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Discute-se uma vertente do Seminário 10, A angústia, de Lacan (1962-1963 no qual o autor elabora uma oposição entre a dimensão enganosa do desejo - presente principalmente no nível em que o objeto a assume a forma visual - e a verdade que é sinalizada pela angústia, na medida em que tal afeto é definido nessa obra como o que não engana. Essa investigação é circunscrita no Seminário 10 e, assim, visa-se localizar a extração do objeto a nessa construção lacaniana sem pretender abarcar todas as suas consequências, que são definidas apenas nos seminários subsequentes.The truth and the bait of desire in the readings of the anguish Seminars of Jacques Lacan. The present article discusses a slope of the Seminar 10, The anguish, of Lacan (1962-1963 in which this author prepares an opposition between the deceiving dimension of the desire - present mainly in the level in which the object a assumes the visual form - and the truth that is signaled by the anguish, as such affection is defined in this work as what it does not deceive. This investigation is limited to the Seminar 10, and that is why it aims to locate the extraction of the object a from this Lacanian construction without intending to discuss all its consequences, which will be defined in later Seminars.

  8. As três categorias peircianas e os três registros lacanianos The three Peirce’s categories and the three Lacan’s registers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Lucia Santaella Braga

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A primeira parte deste artigo propõe uma comparação geral entre as categorias fenomonológicas universais de Peirce, primeiridade, secundidade e terceiridade, de um lado, e os três registros lacanianos, também chamados de categorias conceituais da realidade humana, as categorias do imaginário, real e simbólico, de outro lado. A segunda parte avança alguns passos na análise comparativa entre Peirce e Lacan, ao discutir que a lógica da terceira categoria, que é a lógica do signo, pode funcionar como um mapa de orientação para o entendimento das interações complexas que os três registros, imaginário, real e simbólico, mantêm entre si.The first part of this paper proposes a general comparison between Peirce’s three universal phenomenological categories of firstness, secondness, and thirdness on one hand and Lacan’s three registers, also called the conceptual categories of human reality, the categories of the imaginary, the real, and the symbolic on the other hand. The second part develops the comparative analysis between Peirce and Lacan even further, showing that the logic of the third category, which is the logic of the sign, can function as a guiding map towards the understanding of the complex interactions that the three registers, the imaginary, the real, and the simbolic, have with each other.

  9. Toward a Culturally Responsive Model of Mental Health Literacy: Facilitating Help-Seeking Among East Asian Immigrants to North America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Na, Sumin; Ryder, Andrew G; Kirmayer, Laurence J

    2016-09-01

    Studies have consistently found that East Asian immigrants in North America are less likely to use mental health services even when they experience levels of distress comparable to Euro-Americans. Although cultural factors that may prevent East Asian immigrants from seeking mental health care have been identified, few studies have explored ways to foster appropriate help-seeking and use of mental health services. Recent work on mental health literacy provides a potential framework for strategies to increase appropriate help-seeking and use of services. This paper reviews the literature on help-seeking for mental health problems among East Asian immigrants living in Western countries to critically assess the relevance of the mental health literacy approach as a framework for interventions to improve appropriate use of services. Modifications needed to develop a culturally responsive framework for mental health literacy are identified.

  10. El problema del desencadenamiento de la psicosis en las elaboraciones de Jacques Lacan (1931-1976): sus tensiones con la categoría de psicosis no desencadenada

    OpenAIRE

    Aguirre, Javier

    2016-01-01

    Esta investigación examina las tensiones y controversias desde la perspectiva del psicoanálisis de orientación lacaniana entre los diversos desarrollos de Lacan sobre el desencadenamiento de la psicosis y la categoría de psicosis no desencadenada. El estudio de la categoría de psicosis no desencadenadas es un tema que en los últimos años ha tenido un lugar de importancia en las producciones vinculadas a la psicosis, sin embargo, ha sido tratado y abordado de diversas maneras, no llegando has...

  11. O real do feminino em Hamlet, Macbeth e Rei Lear: considerações sobre o suicídio em Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Ferretti, Mariana Galletti

    2015-01-01

    Tendo como base o conceito lacaniano de real aquilo que está para além da ordem do significante e, portanto, do registro simbólico , esta pesquisa pretende articular tal conceito às consagradas tragédias de Shakespeare Hamlet, Macbeth e Rei Lear. Busca-se examinar em que medida o estudo do suicídio nessas obras shakespearianas possibilita a articulação entre os conceitos de real e de passagem ao ato. Para Lacan, o suicídio pode ser uma forma de passagem ao ato e esta traz, e...

  12. Los nudos de las psicosis en la enseñanza de Jacques Lacán The knots of the psychoses in Jacques Lacan' teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo D. Muñoz

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Jacques Lacan ha abordado la psicosis realizando numerosos aportes a la elaboración de su teoría y reconocimiento clínico. Sobre el final de su enseñanza, cuando revisa sus categorías clínicas y las aborda con el soporte de la teoría de nudos, la conceptualiza como una forma particular de anudamiento. En esta novedosa formalización, sin embargo, no se encuentra un abordaje unívoco sino que desde 1971 hasta 1981 presenta diversos tipos de anudamientos. Hasta la actualidad, no se conocen trabajos en que los especialistas los estudien sistemáticamente. El proyecto de investigación UBACyT TP34 (implica una novedad en este sentido pues formula algunas conclusiones sobre el tema. Este trabajo se propone revisarlas y ponerlas en tensión para verificar su adecuación con los textos de Lacan. Tarea imprescindible para poder abordar el objetivo máximo del proyecto becado en curso: explorar el modo en que la concepción nodal reordena la variedad clínica de la psicosis (paranoia, esquizofrenia, parafrenia, manía, melancolía.Jacques Lacan has approached the psychosis carrying out numerous contributions to the elaboration of its theory and clinical recognition. On the end of their teaching, when he revises their clinical categories and it approaches them with the support of the theory of knots, he conceptualizes it like a form peculiar of knotting. In this novel formalization, however, it is not approached in a unified way but rather from 1971 up to 1981 presents diverse knottings types. Until the present time, works are not known in that the specialists study them systematically. The investigation project UBACyT TP34 (1998-2000 implies a novelty in this since sense it formulates some conclusions on the topic. This work intends to revise them and to put them in tension to verify its adaptation with the texts of Lacan. Indispensable task to be able to approach the maximum objective of the project granted a scholarship in course: to explore the

  13. Da foraclusão do Nome-do-Pai à foraclusão generalizada: considerações sobre a teoria das psicoses em Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristine Lacet

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo discutir o conceito de psicose em Lacan a partir da evolução do conceito de foraclusão em seu ensino. Trata-se da passagem da idéia de uma foraclusão do Nome do Pai na psicose como algo que, ao mesmo tempo, a particulariza e a diferencia das outras estruturas clínicas, para a proposição de uma foraclusão generalizada, que se estende também à neurose e à perversão

  14. Psicoanálisis, verdad y clínica: puntualizaciones sobre el concepto de verdad en la teoría de Sigmund Freud y Jacques Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Orellana Godoy, Tamina, Tamina

    2015-01-01

    Psicoanálisis, verdad y clínica. Puntualizaciones sobre el concepto deverdad en la teoría de Sigmund Freud y Jacques Lacan.Autor: Tamina Orellana GodoyLa verdad en psicoanálisis ha sido tratado principalmente en relación con lafilosofía tomando autores como Aristóteles, Santo Tomás de Aquino y MartinHeidegger. La propuesta de esta tesis no pretende desconocer estas relaciones ydiferencias, sino que pretende estudiar un concepto de verdad propio dentro de lateoría psicoanalítica lacaniana ya a...

  15. O sujeito da psicanálise e o sujeito da ciência: Descartes, Freud e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Vorsatz

    Full Text Available Partindo da problematização proposta por Lacan acerca do sujeito da psicanálise enquanto o correlato antinômico do sujeito da ciência moderna, procura-se destacar os elementos que constituem o cerne de sua argumentação. O sujeito da ciência emerge da démarche cartesiana conhecida como o cogito no momento em que o procedimento metodológico da dúvida encontra seu ponto de basta numa asserção insofismável: "sou". O sujeito da psicanálise, suposto ao inconsciente (das Unbewusste, inferido por Freud a propósito do elemento duvidoso do sonho, é tributário do procedimento cartesiano. A certeza é o ponto para o qual convergem os encaminhamentos de Descartes e Freud. Mas, enquanto o primeiro recua e institui Deus como garante da verdade, o fundador da psicanálise avança exortando o sujeito a se responsabilizar por aquilo que advém como injunção inconsciente. Do lado do discurso da ciência o sujeito é um elemento alheio ao plano dos enunciados que visam recobrir a totalidade do real - que, de resto, resiste a uma apreensão exaustiva. Recolhido pela psicanálise, esse elemento subtraído da ordem de razões, resto fecundo, tem como dever garantir o campo em relação ao qual se encontra subsumido, numa torção causal que faz ressaltar o estatuto ético do conceito maior (Grundbegriff estabelecido por Freud.

  16. A Physics Lesson Designed According to 7E Model with the Help of Instructional Technology (Lesson Plan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonen, Selahattin; Kocakaya, Serhat

    2010-01-01

    Students enter the classrooms with a preexisting knowledge of science concepts. These science concepts sometimes show inconsistency with the accepted ones by the scientists and called as misconceptions. Studies applied science field have to get possession of abilities that not only detect these misconceptions also help to solve these problems.…

  17. Student Performance-University Preference Model: A Framework for Helping Students Choose the Right A-Level Subjects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Stephen; Meeran, Sheik

    2011-01-01

    Every year, many students in the UK fail to achieve a place at their preferred university because they take the wrong A-level subjects. This study aims to suggest a framework for helping students choose the right subjects. Data on student achievement in A-level examinations were obtained from a UK sixth form college over a four-year period.…

  18. Help-seeking in relation to signs of dementia: a pilot study to evaluate the utility of the common-sense model of illness representations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton-West, Kate E; Milne, Alisoun J; Chenery, Alison; Tilbrook, Carolyn

    2010-10-01

    Despite the importance of early diagnosis of dementia, little is known about the factors underlying help-seeking in relation to signs of the condition. In this pilot study, we aimed to examine the potential utility of the common sense model (CSM) of illness representations for understanding lay perceptions of dementia and predicting intentions to seek help in relation to possible signs and symptoms. A secondary aim was to develop a measure of (dementia-related) illness representations as a tool for future research. After reading a vignette describing a "relative" with mild or moderate dementia, participants (N = 118) completed measures of illness representations and help-seeking intentions. Analyses compared perceptions of the mild and moderate vignettes and determined the extent to which illness perceptions differentiated between alternative forms of help-seeking (e.g. seeking professional help vs. help from family members). Results indicated that cognitive deficits were more readily identified as dementia than non-cognitive symptoms; these were commonly attributed to stress or depression. Participants were more likely to indicate an intention to seek professional help if they identified the problem in the vignette as dementia, perceived symptoms as severe, as having serious consequences and as likely to be permanent, but less likely to do so if they identified the problem as stress or attributed symptoms to psychological causes. Our preliminary data suggests that help-seeking may be prevented by inaccurate illness representations or misattribution of symptoms. The CSM may provide a useful framework for understanding perceptions of dementia symptoms and for informing help-seeking pathways.

  19. [Modeling the requirements on routine data of general practitioners from the health-care researcher's point of view with the help of unified modeling langauge (UML)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kersting, M; Hauswaldt, J; Lingner, H

    2012-08-01

    purpose of a system, in this case an SUF. Class diagrams can help at a professional level to describe relationships between entities (classes/objects) more clearly than with the existing methods of representation. Activity diagrams are successors to classic flow charts. They are complemented appropriately by status diagrams. UML is suitable to uniformly and graphically describe a system (here an SUF) from various points of view. In future, validated UML models will help us to present scientific concepts and results in a more structured form than before and to promote the technological use of these concepts in practice. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. Help-Seeking Intentions and Behaviors among Mainland Chinese College Students: Integrating the Theory of Planned Behavior and Behavioral Model of Health Services Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wenjing; Denson, Linley A.; Dorstyn, Diana S.

    2017-01-01

    This study investigated help-seeking intentions and use of mental health services within a sample of 1128 Mainland Chinese college students (630 males and 498 females; mean age = 20.01 years, SD = 1.48). Results of structural equation modeling and logistic regression analysis suggested that social-cognitive variables had significant effects both…

  1. Hydrological evaluation of landfill performance (HELP) model assessment of the geology at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Technical Area 54, Material Disposal Area J

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vigil-Holterman, L. (Luciana)

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is: (1) conduct HELP model variations in weather data, profile characteristics, and hydraulic conductivities for major rock units; (2) compare and contrast the results of simulations; (3) obtain an estimation of leakage through the landfill from the surface to the aquifer; and (4) evaluate contaminant transport to the aquifer utilizing leakage estimation. The conclusions of this paper are: (1) the HELP model is useful to assess landfill design alternatives or the performance of a pre-existing landfill; (2) model results using site-specific data incorporated into the Weather Generator (Trail 4), varied significantly from generalized runs (Trials 1-3), consequently, models that lack site-specific data should be used cautiously; and (3) data from this study suggest that there will not be significant downward percolation of leachate from the surface of the landfill cap to the aquifer-leachate transport rates have been calculated to be slow.

  2. Appreciating the ties that bind technical communication to culture: A dynamic model to help us understand differences in discourse structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kastberg, Peter; Kampf, Constance

    In order to support an explicit understanding of cultural patterns as both dynamic and structured, we will examine Hofstede?s model for stabilization of cultural patterns, and use this model to explore some cultural consequences for patterns of logic and signs that influence the effectiveness of ...

  3. Multivariate meta-analysis of individual participant data helped externally validate the performance and implementation of a prediction model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Kym I E; Hua, Harry; Debray, Thomas P A; Ensor, Joie; Look, Maxime P; Moons, Karel G M; Riley, Richard D

    2016-01-01

    Our aim was to improve meta-analysis methods for summarizing a prediction model's performance when individual participant data are available from multiple studies for external validation. We suggest multivariate meta-analysis for jointly synthesizing calibration and discrimination performance, while accounting for their correlation. The approach estimates a prediction model's average performance, the heterogeneity in performance across populations, and the probability of "good" performance in new populations. This allows different implementation strategies (e.g., recalibration) to be compared. Application is made to a diagnostic model for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and a prognostic model for breast cancer mortality. In both examples, multivariate meta-analysis reveals that calibration performance is excellent on average but highly heterogeneous across populations unless the model's intercept (baseline hazard) is recalibrated. For the cancer model, the probability of "good" performance (defined by C statistic ≥0.7 and calibration slope between 0.9 and 1.1) in a new population was 0.67 with recalibration but 0.22 without recalibration. For the DVT model, even with recalibration, there was only a 0.03 probability of "good" performance. Multivariate meta-analysis can be used to externally validate a prediction model's calibration and discrimination performance across multiple populations and to evaluate different implementation strategies. Crown Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Atmospheric dispersion models help to improve air quality; Los modelos de dispersion atmosferica ayudan a mejorar la calidad del aire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, F.

    2013-07-01

    One of the main challenges of the atmospheric sciences is to reproduce as well as possible the phenomena and processes of pollutants in the atmosphere. To do it, mathematical models based in this case on fluid dynamics and mass and energy conservation equations, equations that govern the atmospheric chemistry, etc., adapted to the spatial scales to be simulated, are developed. The dispersion models simulate the processes of transport, dispersion, chemical transformation and elimination by deposition that air pollutants undergo once they are emitted. Atmospheric dispersion models with their multiple applications have become essential tools for the air quality management. (Author)

  5. Appreciating the ties that bind technical communication to culture: A dynamic model to help us understand differences in discourse structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kastberg, Peter; Kampf, Constance

    In order to support an explicit understanding of cultural patterns as both dynamic and structured, we will examine Hofstede?s model for stabilization of cultural patterns, and use this model to explore some cultural consequences for patterns of logic and signs that influence the effectiveness...... of technical communication across cultures. In order to demonstrate the model, we will apply it to examples from different cultures, which show different patterns of logic, terminology and conventions. In light of these examples, we propose that cross-cultural technical communication studies can be situated...

  6. A methodology for a quantitative interpretation of DGGE with the help of mathematical modelling: application in biohydrogen production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapia, Estela; Donoso-Bravo, Andres; Cabrol, Léa; Alves, Madalena; Pereira, Alcina; Rapaport, Alain; Ruiz-Filippi, Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    Molecular biology techniques provide valuable insights in the investigation of microbial dynamics and evolution. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis is one of the most popular methods which have been used in bioprocess assessment. Most of the anaerobic digestion models consider several microbial populations as state variables. However, the difficulty of measuring individual species concentrations may cause inaccurate model predictions. The integration of microbial data and ecosystem modelling is currently a challenging issue for improved system control. A novel procedure that combines common experimental measurements, DGGE, and image analysis is presented in this study in order to provide a preliminary estimation of the actual concentration of the dominant bacterial ribotypes in a bioreactor, for further use as a variable in mathematical modelling of the bioprocess. This approach was applied during the start-up of a continuous anaerobic bioreactor for hydrogen production. The experimental concentration data were used for determining the kinetic parameters of each species, by using a multi-species chemostat-model. The model was able to reproduce the global trend of substrate and biomass concentrations during the reactor start-up, and predicted in an acceptable way the evolution of each ribotype concentration, depicting properly specific ribotype selection and extinction.

  7. Forecasting effects of climate change on Great Lakes fisheries: models that link habitat supply to population dynamics can help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Michael L.; Shuter, Brian J.; Zhao, Yingming; Stockwell, Jason D.

    2006-01-01

    Future changes to climate in the Great Lakes may have important consequences for fisheries. Evidence suggests that Great Lakes air and water temperatures have risen and the duration of ice cover has lessened during the past century. Global circulation models (GCMs) suggest future warming and increases in precipitation in the region. We present new evidence that water temperatures have risen in Lake Erie, particularly during summer and winter in the period 1965–2000. GCM forecasts coupled with physical models suggest lower annual runoff, less ice cover, and lower lake levels in the future, but the certainty of these forecasts is low. Assessment of the likely effects of climate change on fish stocks will require an integrative approach that considers several components of habitat rather than water temperature alone. We recommend using mechanistic models that couple habitat conditions to population demographics to explore integrated effects of climate-caused habitat change and illustrate this approach with a model for Lake Erie walleye (Sander vitreum). We show that the combined effect on walleye populations of plausible changes in temperature, river hydrology, lake levels, and light penetration can be quite different from that which would be expected based on consideration of only a single factor.

  8. Exploring the MACH Model's Potential as a Metacognitive Tool to Help Undergraduate Students Monitor Their Explanations of Biological Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Caleb M.; Anderson, Trevor R.; Pelaez, Nancy J.

    2016-01-01

    When undergraduate biology students learn to explain biological mechanisms, they face many challenges and may overestimate their understanding of living systems. Previously, we developed the MACH model of four components used by expert biologists to explain mechanisms: Methods, Analogies, Context, and How. This study explores the implementation of…

  9. How Does an Activity Theory Model Help to Know Better about Teaching with Electronic-Exercise-Bases?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abboud-Blanchard, Maha; Cazes, Claire

    2012-01-01

    The research presented in this paper relies on Activity Theory and particularly on Engestrom's model, to better understand the use of Electronic-Exercise-Bases (EEB) by mathematics teachers. This theory provides a holistic approach to illustrate the complexity of the EEB integration. The results highlight reasons and ways of using EEB and show…

  10. Multivariate meta-analysis of individual participant data helped externally validate the performance and implementation of a prediction model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.I.E. Snell (Kym I.E.); H. Hua (Harry); T.P. Debray (Thomas P.A.); J. Ensor (Joie); M.P. Look (Maxime); K.G.M. Moons (Karel G.M.); R.D. Riley (Richard D.)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractObjectives Our aim was to improve meta-analysis methods for summarizing a prediction model's performance when individual participant data are available from multiple studies for external validation. Study Design and Setting We suggest multivariate meta-analysis for jointly synthesizing c

  11. Butterfly Redreaming: Rethinking Free, with Zhuangzi Flying Westerly with Descartes, Lacan, Waldman…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyoo Lee

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Usually, Zhuangzi’s parable of “the butterfly dream/dreaming butterfly” is read as an enigmatic version, from “the East”, of the Cartesian skeptical challenges to “objective reality” or else the Lacanian psycho-drama of the “pure gaze” in which “he”, Zhuangzi, “is a butterfly for nobody”, who stands for “the Real”. Retooling some of the critical insights from these standard dialectical or anxiogenic approaches to this allegorical puzzle of self-identity, both of which, however, tend to leave unquestioned or else structurally overrate the binarized inner-exclusivity of typical pairs such as in/out, subject/object, illusion/reality, and all/nothing, this article proposes a relatively novel, fluid model of unraveling the speculative knot, the dots of lepidopterological spacetime irreducible to a simpler “point” in space and time. As we follow the narrative sequence more micro- and macrologically at once, with holistic, philopoetic attention to its intricate conceptual cues and contextual clues, especially its streaks and energies of “oppositional poetics” envisaged by Anne Waldman, for instance, we come to see more clearly the trans-categorical auto-generativity of its modal openness, its oddly powerful, non-militarily propelled, avant-garde peripherality. As Zhuangzi’s butterfly gets freed this way from the discursive net where it is lost and found (often instantly dead, the vocalized figure of the “irritating” narrator, too, will change more freely, flying in and out and back in “daoistically” rather than agonistically.

  12. Integrating observations and models to help understanding how flooding impacts upon catchments as a basis for decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Gareth; Quinn, Paul; O'Donnell, Greg

    2014-05-01

    This paper explains how flood management projects might be better informed in the future by using more observations and a novel impact modelling tool in a simple transparent framework. The understanding of how local scale impacts propagate downstream to impact on the downstream hydrograph is difficult to determine using traditional rainfall runoff and hydraulic routing methods. The traditional approach to modelling essentially comprises selecting a fixed model structure and then calibrating to an observational hydrograph, which make those model predictions highly uncertain. Here, a novel approach is used in which the structure of the runoff generation is not specified a priori and incorporates expert knowledge. Rather than using externally for calibration, the observed outlet hydrographs are used directly within the model. Essentially the approach involves the disaggregation of the outlet hydrograph by making assumptions about the spatial distribution of runoff generated. The channel network is parameterised through a comparison of the timing of observed hydrographs at a number of nested locations within the catchment. The user is then encouraged to use their expert knowledge to define how runoff is generated locally and what the likely impact of any local mitigation is. Therefore the user can specify any hydrological model or flow estimation method that captures their expertise. Equally, the user is encouraged to install as many instruments as they can afford to cover the catchment network. A Decision Support Matrix (DSM) is used to encapsulate knowledge of the runoff dynamics gained from simulation in a simple visual way and hence to convey the likely impacts that arise from a given flood management scenario. This tool has been designed primarily to inform and educate landowners, catchment managers and decision makers. The DSM outlines scenarios that are likely to increase or decrease runoff rates and allows the user to contemplate the implications and

  13. Evaluation of the two-particle propagator for the Hubbard model with the help of the Hubbard-I approximation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozhkov, A. V.; Rakhmanov, A. L.

    2011-02-01

    The Hubbard-I approximation is generalized to allow for direct evaluation of the equal-time anomalous two-electron propagator for the Hubbard model on a two-dimensional square lattice. This propagator is compared against the quantum Monte Carlo data obtained by Aimi and Imada (2007 J. Phys. Soc. Japan 76 113708) in the limit of strong electron-electron interaction. The Hubbard-I predictions are in good qualitative agreement with the Monte Carlo results. In particular, d-wave correlations decay as cr - 3 ('free-electron' behaviour) if the separation r exceeds 2-3 lattice constants. However, the Hubbard-I approximation underestimates the coefficient c by a factor of about 3. We conclude that the Hubbard-I approximation, despite its simplicity and artefacts, captures the qualitative behaviour of the two-particle propagator for the Hubbard model, at least for moderate values of r.

  14. Help seeking in older Asian people with dementia in Melbourne: using the Cultural Exchange Model to explore barriers and enablers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haralambous, Betty; Dow, Briony; Tinney, Jean; Lin, Xiaoping; Blackberry, Irene; Rayner, Victoria; Lee, Sook-Meng; Vrantsidis, Freda; Lautenschlager, Nicola; Logiudice, Dina

    2014-03-01

    The prevalence of dementia is increasing in Australia. Limited research is available on access to Cognitive Dementia and Memory Services (CDAMS) for people with dementia from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) communities. This study aimed to determine the barriers and enablers to accessing CDAMS for people with dementia and their families of Chinese and Vietnamese backgrounds. Consultations with community members, community workers and health professionals were conducted using the "Cultural Exchange Model" framework. For carers, barriers to accessing services included the complexity of the health system, lack of time, travel required to get to services, language barriers, interpreters and lack of knowledge of services. Similarly, community workers and health professionals identified language, interpreters, and community perceptions as key barriers to service access. Strategies to increase knowledge included providing information via radio, printed material and education in community group settings. The "Cultural Exchange Model" enabled engagement with and modification of the approaches to meet the needs of the targeted CALD communities.

  15. Stochastic models of cellular circadian rhythms in plants help to understand the impact of noise on robustness and clock structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luisa eGuerriero

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Rhythmic behavior is essential for plants; for example, daily (circadian rhythms control photosynthesis and seasonal rhythms regulate their life cycle. The core of the circadian clock is a genetic network that coordinates the expression of specific clock genes in a circadian rhythm reflecting the 24-hour day/night cycle.Circadian clocks exhibit stochastic noise due to the low copy numbers of clock genes and the consequent cell-to-cell variation: this intrinsic noise plays a major role in circadian clocks by inducing more robust oscillatory behavior. Another source of noise is the environment, which causes variation in temperature and light intensity: this extrinsic noise is part of the requirement for the structural complexity of clock networks.Advances in experimental techniques now permit single-cell measurements and the development of single-cell models. Here we present some modeling studies showing the importance of considering both types of noise in understanding how plants adapt to regular and irregular light variations. Stochastic models have proven useful for understanding the effect of regular variations. By contrast, the impact of irregular variations and the interaction of different noise sources are less studied.

  16. Finite element modelling of the glenohumeral capsule can help assess the tested region during a clinical exam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Benjamin J; Drury, Nicholas J; Moore, Susan M; McMahon, Patrick J; Weiss, Jeffrey A; Debski, Richard E

    2010-06-01

    The objective of this research was to examine the efficacy of evaluating the region of the glenohumeral capsule being tested by clinical exams for shoulder instability using finite element (FE) models of the glenohumeral joint. Specifically, the regions of high capsule strain produced by glenohumeral joint positions commonly used during a clinical exam were identified. Kinematics that simulated a simple translation test with an anterior load at three external rotation angles were applied to a validated, subject-specific FE model of the glenohumeral joint at 60° of abduction. Maximum principal strains on the glenoid side of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) were significantly higher than the maximum principal strains on the humeral side, for all three regions of the IGHL at 30° and 60° of external rotation. These regions of localised strain indicate that these joint positions might be used to test the glenoid side of the IGHL during this clinical exam, but are not useful for assessing the humeral side of the IGHL. The use of FE models will facilitate the search for additional joint positions that isolate high strains to other IGHL regions, including the humeral side of the IGHL.

  17. Identifying the Unidentified Auger UHE Cosmic Rays with the Help of the Standard Model of Particle Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Tipler, Frank J.

    2010-01-01

    I have shown that if we assume that the Standard Model of particle physics and Feynman-Weinberg quantum gravity holds at all times, then in the very early universe, the Cosmic Background Radiation (CBR) cannot couple to right handed electrons and quarks. If this property of CBR has persisted to the present day, the Ultra HIgh Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) can propagate a factor of ten further than they could if the CBR were an electromagnetic field, since most of the cross section for pion produ...

  18. Freud, Lacan e o conto da ilha desconhecida: reflexões psicanalíticas acerca de um conto de Saramago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Teixeira Gorski

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por finalidade trabalhar, através da interpretação das simbolizações em um conto de José Saramago, alguns conceitos psicanalíticos firmados por Lacan e por Freud. Para tanto, discute o texto em unidades de significação e identifica os processos simbólicos aí envolvidos com as teorias daqueles psicanalistas. O resultado é uma interpretação da simbolização de um desejo a ser realizado - a saber, a reintegração com a mãe - como significado do conto.

  19. Clínica, política y psicoanálisis. (a propósito de los cuatro discursos de jacques lacan)

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona P., Jaime Alberto

    2010-01-01

    Cuál es el lugar del psicoanálisis en la historia de las prácticas clínicas de nuestra cultura?. Para responder a esta pregunta es menester definir, así sea someramente, lo que entendemos por cultura y por psicoanálisis. Una vía para cernir nuestra cultura actual es pensarla a la luz del proceso de imbricación entre el saber y el poder en la historia de occidente que se consolida según Michel Foucault a partir del siglo XVI y que da lugar a la configuración de lo que Jacques Lacan formula com...

  20. A gramática de Damourette e Pichon com Lacan: uma problemática da enunciação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Focas Vieira Machado

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo pretende evidenciar a importância específica conferida à gramática Des mots à la pensée: essai de grammaire de la langue française, de Damourette e Pichon (1943 para se pensar as bases lógicas do conceito de enunciação. Para cumprir esse objetivo, coloca-se a obra dos gramáticos em diálogo com elaborações da psicanálise, mais especificamente com conceitos de Jacques Lacan (2007. Busca-se, assim, uma interface entre os campos da linguística e da psicanálise, debruçando-se sobre a dicotomia existente entre os conceitos de sujeito da enunciação e sujeito do inconsciente. A abordagem tecida é eminentemente teórica, confrontando conceitos de cada pensador e buscando compreender os seus respectivos pontos de interseção. Para atingir esse objetivo, buscou-se o estudo sobre a negação em língua francesa elaborada pelos gramáticos Damourette e Pichon (1930 e colocou-a em relação com a dicotomia enunciado-enunciação construída por Lacan (2005 principalmente no Seminário 6: o desejo e sua interpretação. Como conclusão, torna-se claro como a gramática é inevitavelmente atravessada pela subjetividade e pelos fenômenos enunciativos.

  1. A gramática de Damourette e Pichon com Lacan: uma problemática da enunciação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Focas Vieira Machado

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo pretende evidenciar a importância específica conferida à gramática Des mots à la pensée: essai de grammaire de la langue française, de Damourette e Pichon (1943 para se pensar as bases lógicas do conceito de enunciação. Para cumprir esse objetivo, coloca-se a obra dos gramáticos em diálogo com elaborações da psicanálise, mais especificamente com conceitos de Jacques Lacan (2007. Busca-se, assim, uma interface entre os campos da linguística e da psicanálise, debruçando-se sobre a dicotomia existente entre os conceitos de sujeito da enunciação e sujeito do inconsciente. A abordagem tecida é eminentemente teórica, confrontando conceitos de cada pensador e buscando compreender os seus respectivos pontos de interseção. Para atingir esse objetivo, buscou-se o estudo sobre a negação em língua francesa elaborada pelos gramáticos Damourette e Pichon (1930 e colocou-a em relação com a dicotomia enunciado-enunciação construída por Lacan (2005 principalmente no Seminário 6: o desejo e sua interpretação. Como conclusão, torna-se claro como a gramática é inevitavelmente atravessada pela subjetividade e pelos fenômenos enunciativos.

  2. Series: Clinical Epidemiology in South Africa. Paper 3: Logic models help make sense of complexity in systematic reviews and health technology assessments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohwer, Anke; Pfadenhauer, Lisa; Burns, Jacob; Brereton, Louise; Gerhardus, Ansgar; Booth, Andrew; Oortwijn, Wija; Rehfuess, Eva

    2017-03-01

    To describe the development and application of logic model templates for systematic reviews and health technology assessments (HTAs) of complex interventions. This study demonstrates the development of a method to conceptualize complexity and make underlying assumptions transparent. Examples from systematic reviews with specific relevance to Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and other low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) illustrate its usefulness. Two distinct templates are presented: the system-based logic model, describing the system in which the interaction between participants, intervention, and context takes place; and the process-orientated logic model, which displays the processes and causal pathways that lead from the intervention to multiple outcomes. Logic models can help authors of systematic reviews and HTAs to explicitly address and make sense of complexity, adding value by achieving a better understanding of the interactions between the intervention, its implementation, and its multiple outcomes among a given population and context. They thus have the potential to help build systematic review capacity-in SSA and other LMICs-at an individual level, by equipping authors with a tool that facilitates the review process; and at a system-level, by improving communication between producers and potential users of research evidence. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Pixar with Lacan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    The book presents Lacanian interpretations of the animations films from Pixar Studio with the double aim of analysing an influential filmic oeuvre of contemporary popular culture and giving an introduction to Lacanian cultural analysis...

  4. El amor al padre y la estabilidad histrérica: En la primera enseñanza de Lacán The love to the father and the hysterical stability In the earlier lacan's work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Godoy

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo reúne una parte de la tarea preparatoria del proyecto UBACyT 2004-07 P091 "La estructura del nudo borromeo en la caracterización de la histeria en el último período de la obra de J. Lacan (1974-1981" en la que examinamos algunos de los principales antecedentes de esta temática en las primeras etapas de la obra de Lacan. La función de anudamiento (sinthome entre los tres registros se localiza en la histeria a partir de lo que Lacan denominó, en los años setenta, la "armadura del amor al padre". El término francés armature designa aquí el armazón que otorga una singular estabilidad y consistencia al sujeto histérico y su cuerpo. Se destaca así la estabilidad estructural de la histeria abordada tanto desde la pregunta por lo femenino y la identificación con el padre, como desde el lazo que une a la histérica con el amor y la impotencia paterna.The present work assembles a part of the preparatory task of the UBACyT project 07 P091 "The structure of the borromean knot in the characterization of hysteria in the last period J. Lacan's work (in which we examined some of the main antecedents of this thematic one in the earlier Lacan's work. The function of knotting (sinthome between the three registries islocated in the hysteria from which Lacan denominated, in the Seventies, the "armor of the love to the father". The french term armature designates here the frame that grants a singular stability and consistency to the hysterical subject and its body. The structural stability of hysteria is pointed out as much therefore from the question by feminine and the identification with the father, like from the bow that unites hysteria with love and paternal impotence.

  5. Identifying the Unidentified Auger UHE Cosmic Rays with the Help of the Standard Model of Particle Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Tipler, Frank J

    2010-01-01

    I have shown that if we assume that the Standard Model of particle physics and Feynman-Weinberg quantum gravity holds at all times, then in the very early universe, the Cosmic Background Radiation (CBR) cannot couple to right handed electrons and quarks. If this property of CBR has persisted to the present day, the Ultra HIgh Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) can propagate a factor of ten further than they could if the CBR were an electromagnetic field, since most of the cross section for pion production when a UHECR hits a CBR photon is due to a quark spin flip, and such a flip cannot occur if the CBR photon cannot couple to right handed quarks. The GZM effect will still reduce the number of UHECR, but UHECR can arrive from a distance of a redshift of up to $z=0.1$. I show that taking this additional propagation distance into account allows us to identify the sources of 4 of the 6 UHECR which the Pierre Auger Collaboration could not identify, and also identify the source of the 320 EeV UHECR seen by the Fly's Eye i...

  6. Implication of surface modified NZVI particle retention in the porous media: Assessment with the help of 1-D transport model

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Trishikhi Raychoudhury; Vikranth Kumar Surasani

    2017-06-01

    Retention of surface-modified nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) particles in the porous media near the point of injection has been reported in the recent studies. Retention of excess particles in porous media can alter the media properties. The main objectives of this study are, therefore, to evaluate the effect of particle retention on the porous media properties and its implication on further NZVI particle transport under different flow conditions. To achieve the objectives, a one-dimensional transport model is developed by considering particle deposition, detachment, and straining mechanisms along with the effect of changes in porosity resulting from retention of NZVI particles. Two different flow conditions are considered for simulations. The first is a constant Darcy’s flow rate condition, which assumes a change in porosity, causes a change in pore water velocity and the second, is a constant head condition, which assumes the change in porosity, influence the permeability and hydraulic conductivity (thus Darcy’s flow rate). Overall a rapid decrease in porosity was observed as a result of high particle retention near the injection points resulting in a spatial distribution of deposition rate coefficient. In the case of constant head condition, the spatial distribution of Darcy’s velocities is predicted due to variation in porosity and hydraulic conductivity. The simulation results are compared with the data reported from the field studies; which suggests straining is likely to happen in the real field condition.

  7. Skin-derived mesenchymal stem cells help restore function to ovaries in a premature ovarian failure mouse model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dongmei Lai

    Full Text Available Skin-derived mesenchymal stem cells (SMSCs can differentiate into the three embryonic germ layers. For this reason, they are considered a powerful tool for therapeutic cloning and offer new possibilities for tissue therapy. Recent studies showed that skin-derived stem cells can differentiate into cells expressing germ-cell specific markers in vitro and form oocytes in vivo. The idea that SMSCs may be suitable for the treatment of intractable diseases or traumatic tissue damage has attracted attention. To determine the ability of SMSCs to reactivate injured ovaries, a mouse model with ovaries damaged by busulfan and cyclophosphamide was developed and is described here. Female skin-derived mesenchymal stem cells (F-SMSCs and male skin-derived mesenchymal stem cells (M-SMSCs from red fluorescence protein (RFP transgenic adult mice were used to investigate the restorative effects of SMSCs on ovarian function. Significant increases in total body weight and the weight of reproductive organs were observed in the treated animals. Both F-SMSCs and M-SMSCs were shown to be capable of partially restoring fertility in chemotherapy-treated females. Immunostaining with RFP and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH antibodies demonstrated that the grafted SMSCs survived, migrated to the recipient ovaries. After SMSCs were administered to the treated mice, real-time PCR showed that the expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-8, IL-6, IL-1β, and IFNγ were significantly lower in the ovaries than in the untreated controls. Consistent with this observation, expression of oogenesis marker genes Nobox, Nanos3, and Lhx8 increased in ovaries of SMSCs-treated mice. These findings suggest that SMSCs may play a role within the ovarian follicle microenvironment in restoring the function of damaged ovaries and could be useful in reproductive health.

  8. The Idealized Cultural Identities Model on Help-Seeking and Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptual Model for Contextualizing Perceptions and Experiences of South Asian Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanukollu, Shanta N.; Mahalingam, Ramaswami

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an interdisciplinary framework to study perceptions of child sexual abuse and help-seeking among South Asians living in the United States. We integrate research on social marginality, intersectionality, and cultural psychology to understand how marginalized social experience accentuates South Asian immigrants' desire to…

  9. The Idealized Cultural Identities Model on Help-Seeking and Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptual Model for Contextualizing Perceptions and Experiences of South Asian Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanukollu, Shanta N.; Mahalingam, Ramaswami

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an interdisciplinary framework to study perceptions of child sexual abuse and help-seeking among South Asians living in the United States. We integrate research on social marginality, intersectionality, and cultural psychology to understand how marginalized social experience accentuates South Asian immigrants' desire to…

  10. Sensitivity analysis and metamodeling of a toolchain of models to help sizing vetetative filter strips in a watershed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauvernet, Claire; Noll, Dorothea; Muñoz-Carpena, Rafael; Carluer, Nadia

    2014-05-01

    In Europe, environmental agencies do the finding a significant presence of contaminants in surface water, which is partly due to pesticide applications. Vegetative filter strips (VFS), often located along rivers, are a common tool among other buffer zones to reduce non point source pollution of water by reducing surface runoff. However, they need to be adapted to the agro-pedo-climatic conditions, both in terms of position and size, in order to be efficient. This is one of the roles of TOPPS-PROWADIS project which involves European experts and stakeholders to develop and recommend Best Management Practices (BMPs) to reduce pesticide transfer by drift or runoff in several European countries. In this context, Irstea developed a guide accompanying the use of different tools, which allows designing VFS by simulating their efficiency to limit transfers. It needs the user to define both a scenario of incoming surface runoff and the buffer zone characteristics. First, the contributive zone (surface, length, slope) is derived from the topography by a GIS tool, HydroDem. ; 2nd, the runoff hydrograph coming in the buffer zone is generated from a rainfall hyetogram typical of the area, using Curve Number theory, taking into account soil characteristics. The VFS's optimal width is then deduced for a given desired efficiency (for example 70% of runoff reduction), by using VFSMOD model, which simulates water, suspended matters (and pesticides) transfer inside a vegetative filter strip. Results also indicate if this kind of buffer zone is relevant in that situation (if too high, another type of buffer zone may be more relevant, for example constructed wetland). This method assumes that the user supplies quite a lot of field knowledge and data, which are not always easily available. In order to fill in the lack of real data, a set of virtual scenarios was tested, which is supposed to cover a large range of agro-pedo-climatic conditions in Europe, considering both the upslope

  11. Helping the Retina Regenerate

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Briefs > Helping the retina regenerate Helping the retina regenerate NEI Audacious Goals Initiative report outlines strategies to replace or reprogram neurons in the retina News Brief 03/30/17 ...

  12. A helping hand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mirjam de Klerk; Alice de Boer; Sjoerd Kooiker; Inger Plaisier; Peggy Schyns

    2014-01-01

    Original title: Hulp geboden   The help provided to people with a care need is about to undergo major changes in the Netherlands. People who need help will be expected to rely more on help from members of their network. What are the opportunities for informal carers and volunteers, and where do the

  13. Estimation of serum insulin, Homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance and C-peptide can help identify possible cardiovascular disease risk in thyroid disorder patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purvi Purohit

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: We aimed at evaluating the cardiovascular disease (CVD risk of thyroid disorder patients at diagnosis, using the traditional lipid profile, apo-B and apo-A1 in correlation with serum insulin and insulin resistance (IR and C-peptide. Background: With an ever increasing incidence of CVD in most urban populations, there has been a demand for newer techniques that could help in the early detection of the risk of this disease complex. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted on 100 healthy controls and 150 hypothyroid and 70 hyperthyroid patients, coming for the first time to our OPDs. The patients were selected on the basis of symptomatology and serum T3, T4, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH evaluations. They were then analyzed for body mass index (BMI, blood pressure (BP, serum insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR, C-peptide, lipid profile and apo-B and -A1. Statistical analysis was done using Student′s "t" test and Spearman′s coefficient of correlation. Results: The hypothyroid patients presented with high BMI, diastolic hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, IR and raised serum C-peptide. There was highly significant correlation of serum insulin, HOMA-IR and C-peptide with lipid fractions and CVD risk ratios, T. chol/HDLc and apo-B/apo-A1, in hypothyroid patients. The hyperthyroid patients presented with systolic hypertension and a significant correlation of T. chol/HDLc with HOMA-IR. Hyperthyroid patients also had hyperinsulinemia, but reduced serum C-peptide levels. Conclusion: We conclude that the estimation of traditional lipid profile along with serum insulin, IR, C-peptide, apo-A1 and apo-B would not only help assess the thyroid status, but can also help in the early evaluation of a possible risk of CVD.

  14. Helping You Help Me: The Role of Diagnostic (In)congruence in the Helping Process within Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, Colin M.; Pillemer, Julianna; Amabile, Teresa M.

    2014-01-01

    Through an inductive, multi-method field study at a major design firm, we investigated the helping process in project work and how that process affects the success of a helping episode, as perceived by help-givers and/or -receivers. We used daily diary entries and weekly interviews from four project teams, and a separate sample of critical incident interviews, to induce process models of successful and unsuccessful helping episodes. We found that, in unsuccessful episodes, help-givers and -re...

  15. Ética da psicanálise e modalidades de gozo: considerações sobre o Seminário 7 e o Seminário 20 de Jacques Lacan Ethics of psychoanalysis and modalities of enjoyment: considerations about The Seminar VII and about The Seminar XX of Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Santos Bispo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca apontar um deslocamento na concepção lacaniana sobre a ética, a partir de uma comparação entre as perspectivas do Seminário, livro 7 - a ética da psicanálise e do Seminário, livro 20 - mais, ainda. Enquanto a primeira perspectiva privilegiaria a organização de uma lei simbólica, cuja ultrapassagem culminaria na concepção do gozo impossível de das Ding, a última destacaria o gozo do corpo como não-todo organizado pelo simbólico. Passa-se, assim, de uma ética da transgressão, que visa a um ponto além do princípio do prazer e do serviço dos bens, para uma ética onde esse além do princípio do prazer já invade o campo de saída. A lógica da contingência é o modo como Lacan pretende formalizar uma maneira de fazer com que a necessidade simbólica e a impossibilidade do desejo inscrevam-se nos registros do contingente e do possível.This article intends to demonstrate a displacement in Lacan's conception on the Ethics, using a comparison between the perspectives of The Seminar, book 7: the ethics of psychoanalysis and of The Seminar, book 20: on feminine sexuality, the limits of love and knowledge: encore. While the first perspective privileges the organization of a symbolic Law - and this one, if trespassed, culminates in the approach of an impossible jouissance (enjoyment to das Ding - the latter emphasizes the jouissance of the body as something that is not-all organized by the symbolic. Therefore, there is a movement from an ethics of breach, which aims at a point beyond the pleasure principle and of the service of goods, to an ethic where the addition of the pleasure principle invades the field since the beginning. The logic of contingency is how Lacan intends to formalize a manner of making the symbolic necessity and the impossibility of the desire to register in the records of the contingent and the possible.

  16. Collective helping and bystander effects in coevolving helping networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Hang-Hyun; Lee, Hyun Keun; Park, Hyunggyu

    2010-06-01

    We study collective helping behavior and bystander effects in a coevolving helping network model. A node and a link of the network represents an agent who renders or receives help and a friendly relation between agents, respectively. A helping trial of an agent depends on relations with other involved agents and its result (success or failure) updates the relation between the helper and the recipient. We study the network link dynamics and its steady states analytically and numerically. The full phase diagram is presented with various kinds of active and inactive phases and the nature of phase transitions are explored. We find various interesting bystander effects, consistent with the field study results, of which the underlying mechanism is proposed.

  17. A combination of hand-held models and computer imaging programs helps students answer oral questions about molecular structure and function: a controlled investigation of student learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Michelle A; Peck, Ronald F; Colton, Shannon; Morris, Jennifer; Chaibub Neto, Elias; Kallio, Julie

    2009-01-01

    We conducted a controlled investigation to examine whether a combination of computer imagery and tactile tools helps introductory cell biology laboratory undergraduate students better learn about protein structure/function relationships as compared with computer imagery alone. In all five laboratory sections, students used the molecular imaging program, Protein Explorer (PE). In the three experimental sections, three-dimensional physical models were made available to the students, in addition to PE. Student learning was assessed via oral and written research summaries and videotaped interviews. Differences between the experimental and control group students were not found in our typical course assessments such as research papers, but rather were revealed during one-on-one interviews with students at the end of the semester. A subset of students in the experimental group produced superior answers to some higher-order interview questions as compared with students in the control group. During the interview, students in both groups preferred to use either the hand-held models alone or in combination with the PE imaging program. Students typically did not use any tools when answering knowledge (lower-level thinking) questions, but when challenged with higher-level thinking questions, students in both the control and experimental groups elected to use the models.

  18. The dynamics of gene expression changes in a mouse model of oral tumorigenesis may help refine prevention and treatment strategies in patients with oral cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foy, Jean-Philippe; Tortereau, Antonin; Caulin, Carlos; Le Texier, Vincent; Lavergne, Emilie; Thomas, Emilie; Chabaud, Sylvie; Perol, David; Lachuer, Joël; Lang, Wenhua; Hong, Waun Ki; Goudot, Patrick; Lippman, Scott M; Bertolus, Chloé; Saintigny, Pierre

    2016-06-14

    A better understanding of the dynamics of molecular changes occurring during the early stages of oral tumorigenesis may help refine prevention and treatment strategies. We generated genome-wide expression profiles of microdissected normal mucosa, hyperplasia, dysplasia and tumors derived from the 4-NQO mouse model of oral tumorigenesis. Genes differentially expressed between tumor and normal mucosa defined the "tumor gene set" (TGS), including 4 non-overlapping gene subsets that characterize the dynamics of gene expression changes through different stages of disease progression. The majority of gene expression changes occurred early or progressively. The relevance of these mouse gene sets to human disease was tested in multiple datasets including the TCGA and the Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer project. The TGS was able to discriminate oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) from normal oral mucosa in 3 independent datasets. The OSCC samples enriched in the mouse TGS displayed high frequency of CASP8 mutations, 11q13.3 amplifications and low frequency of PIK3CA mutations. Early changes observed in the 4-NQO model were associated with a trend toward a shorter oral cancer-free survival in patients with oral preneoplasia that was not seen in multivariate analysis. Progressive changes observed in the 4-NQO model were associated with an increased sensitivity to 4 different MEK inhibitors in a panel of 51 squamous cell carcinoma cell lines of the areodigestive tract. In conclusion, the dynamics of molecular changes in the 4-NQO model reveal that MEK inhibition may be relevant to prevention and treatment of a specific molecularly-defined subgroup of OSCC.

  19. Helping Children Understand Divorce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allers, Robert D.

    1980-01-01

    Children of divorced parents may bring many problems along when they come to school. Teachers can recognize these troubles and help children learn to handle them. They may be able to help children better understand their feelings about their parents' divorce. (CJ)

  20. Handi Helps, 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handi Helps, 1985

    1985-01-01

    The six issues of Handi Helps presented here focus on specific issues of concern to the disabled, parents, and those working with the disabled. The two-page handi help fact sheets focus on the following topics: child sexual abuse prevention, asthma, scoliosis, the role of the occupational therapist, kidnapping, and muscular dystrophy. Each handi…

  1. Help! It's Hair Loss!

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... los dientes Video: Getting an X-ray Help! It's Hair Loss! KidsHealth > For Kids > Help! It's Hair Loss! Print A A A What's in ... part above the skin, is dead. (That's why it doesn't hurt to get a haircut!) This ...

  2. Aproximación al “esquema L” de Lacan y sus implicaciones en la clínica (parte II.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel García Arroyo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En la segunda parte del trabajo intentamos presentar el funcionamiento global del “esquema L” y demostrar su utilidad práctica en el tratamiento analítico. En este sentido, en las relaciones sociales es el “yo” el que tiene todo el protagonismo, mientras el “sujeto” queda excluido de las mismas; de ahí que estos contactos cotidianos se muestren como la incomunicación más radical, aunque parezca lo contrario. El tratamiento que realizamos, por contra, debe escapar a esos parámetros, pues durante el mismo se procura que el “imaginario” facilite progresivamente la manifestación del “sujeto del inconsciente” en toda su dimensión, traspasando las constantes y molestas interferencias yoicas. Este procedimiento, si se realiza adecuadamente como Lacan nos enseña, permite que la “palabra plena” fluya entre paciente y analista, de modo tal que el contacto que se produzca sea de “sujeto” a “sujeto”, mientras que en las relaciones sociales las conexiones se formulan en términos de “ego” y “alter ego”. Para lograrlo, quién se coloque al lado del paciente debe saber que ha de ocupar el lugar de la alteridad radical, del “Otro”, y no del “otro” especular

  3. Autonomia, heteronomia: observação sobre a relação entre corpo e estrutura na obra de Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Léa Silveira Sales

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Os anos de 1954 e 1955 correspondem a um momento da obra de Jacques Lacan que pode ser apontado como o auge do recurso mais direto à estrutura que, conformada pelos significantes, responde pela total determinação do sujeito. Neles, o "efeito de sujeito", a partir de sua própria definição, chega a dispensar explicitamente associações com o ser humano, em termos do que essa expressão pudesse indicar como suporte vital, qualquer que fosse. Com a construção do grafo do desejo (1957, o problema passa a receber uma nova configuração. Assiste-se, então, a uma insistente recuperação do papel do corpo na constituição do desejo a partir do modo como é pensada a relação deste com a necessidade e com a demanda. Este artigo aborda os termos dessa reinserção e procura indicar em que sentido ela começa a circunscrever um dos vetores da ultrapassagem da racionalidade estruturalista.

  4. Versões do Pai na psicanálise lacaniana: o percurso do ensinamento de Lacan sobre a questão do pai*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Zenoni

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Trabalharemos as diferentes modificações que a noção de Paiganhou no ensinamento de Jacques Lacan. Partiremos do pai nosingular como Nome-do-Pai, sustentação da ordem simbólica eportador da interdição, até chegarmos à sua função de “sinthoma”.Do pai inicial, fundamento do laço social reduzido a um símbolo,portanto na condição de morto, chegaremos a um pai vivo; daunicidade a uma multiplicidade de “exceções” à lei; dauniversalidade à particularidade do objeto a que um homem extraido corpo de uma mulher. O Nome-do-Pai multiplica-se em tantosnomes quantos forem os suportes à sua função. Em sua últimaapresentação, comparece como maneira de ligar os três registros –real, simbólico, imaginário –, que cada pai realiza como homemem relação a uma mulher e que decorre da maneira particular pelaqual um pai pode suprir uma não relação sexual.

  5. How can hydrological modeling help to understand process dynamics in sparsely gauged tropical regions - case study Mata Âtlantica, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Künne, Annika; Penedo, Santiago; Schuler, Azeneth; Bardy Prado, Rachel; Kralisch, Sven; Flügel, Wolfgang-Albert

    2015-04-01

    To ensure long-term water security for domestic, agricultural and industrial use in the emerging country of Brazil with fast-growing markets and technologies, understanding of catchment hydrology is essential. Yet, hydrological analysis, high resolution temporal and spatial monitoring and reliable meteo-hydrological data are insufficient to fully understand hydrological processes in the region and to predict future trends. Physically based hydrological modeling can help to expose uncertainties of measured data, predict future trends and contribute to physical understanding about the watershed. The Brazilian Atlantic rainforest (Mata Atlântica) is one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. After the Portuguese colonization, its original expansion of 1.5 million km² was reduced to only 7% of the former area. Due to forest fragmentation, overexploitation and soil degradation, pressure on water resources in the region has significantly increased. Climatically, the region possesses distinctive wet and dry periods. While extreme precipitation events in the rainy season cause floods and landslides, dry periods can lead to water shortages, especially in the agricultural and domestic supply sectors. To ensure both, the protection of the remnants of Atlantic rainforest biome as well as water supply, a hydrological understanding of this sparsely gauged region is essential. We will present hydrological models of two meso- to large-scale catchments (Rio Macacu and Rio Dois Rios) within the Mata Âtlantica in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The results show how physically based models can contribute to hydrological system understanding within the region and answer what-if scenarios, supporting regional planners and decision makers in integrated water resources management.

  6. Helping Kids Handle Worry

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Child What Kids Say About: Handling Stress Anxiety, Fears, and Phobias Community Service: A Family's Guide to Getting Involved ... With Stress Teens Talk About Stress (Video) Anxiety, Fears, and Phobias Childhood Stress How Can I Help My Child ...

  7. Can Reading Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowe, Chris

    2003-01-01

    Ponders the effect of September 11th on teenagers. Proposes that reading books can help teenagers sort out complicated issues. Recommends young adult novels that offer hope for overcoming tragedy. Lists 50 short story collections worth reading. (PM)

  8. Helping Parents Say No.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duel, Debra K.

    1988-01-01

    Provides some activities that are designed to help students understand some of the reasons why parents sometimes refuse to let their children have pets. Includes mathematics and writing lessons, a student checklist, and a set of tips for parents. (TW)

  9. Help with Hearing

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... appropriate treatment has established normal hearing for your child, a speech-language pathologist can help to correct your child’s speech and language errors. A speech-language pathologist and audiologist can ...

  10. The Role of Internet-Specific Epistemic Beliefs and Self-Regulation in High School Students' Online Academic Help Seeking: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Kun-Hung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2013-01-01

    Three instruments (i.e., Internet-specific epistemic beliefs, self-regulation, and online academic help seeking questionnaires) were administered to 319 high school students with the aim of understanding the role of Internet specific epistemic beliefs and self-regulation in their online academic help seeking. Through a structure equation modeling…

  11. "Medô medo": investigação sobre a fobia em Freud, Lacan e autores contemporâneos a partir de um caso clínico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Ehrlich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de um caso clínico emerge a seguinte questão: a fobia deve ser considerada uma entidade clínica ou uma figura clínica a se presentificar em contextos diversos? O presente artigo investiga o item nas obras de Freud, Lacan e de dois autores da atua­lidade: Ricardo Diaz Romero e Charles Melman, que reacendem o debate em torno do tema. A psicanálise, como constructo teórico que surge a partir da escuta clínica de Freud, somente mantém seu sentido no que continua a nos possibilitar tratar o real da clínica pelo simbólico. Neste sentido é que, efetuado um percurso teórico, retornamos, ao final do artigo, à experiência clínica.Fear fear: an investigation about phobia in Freud, Lacan and other contemporary authors (Diaz Romero and Charles Melman based on a clinical case. A question emerges based on a clinical case: should phobia be considered a clinical entity or a clinical figure to make itself present in various contexts? The present article investigates this matter in the works of Freud, Lacan and two current authors that reignite the debate around the theme. Psychoanalysis, as a theoretical body to emerge from Freud's clinical listening, only maintains its reason of being in which it still makes possible for us to handle the real in clinical experience through the symbolic. It is in this sense that, trailing a theoretical path, we return to the clinical experience at the end of the article.

  12. ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES CONTEXTUALES EN TORNO AL PRIMER VIAJE A JAPÓN DE JACQUES LACAN (1963 Contextual considerations on the subject of lacan’s first trip to japan (1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercè Altimir

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro propósito es dar a conocer la importancia y el influjo de la cultura y el pensamiento oriental y Japón en la obra de Lacan, para cuya tarea hemos tomado el eje del viaje que realizó al archipiélago en la primavera de A partir de esta coordenada de tiempo hemos retrocedido hasta la presencia del país oriental en la obra de Sigmund Freud y hemos referido la mención del mikado y de los ainus en Tótem y tabú. En cuanto al budismo, centro del interés de Lacan en este primer viaje a las islas, Freud se mostró cauto, reticente, incluso hostil. Lacan, en cambio, se entusiasma por oriente y se interesa por el budismo, en especial por el zen. Hemos seleccionado los comentarios que hizo a su regreso de Japón. En los mismos, el psicoanalista francés pone el dedo en la llaga y nos habla del escamoteo que sufre la sexualidad femenina en el budismo, lo que le sirve de aviso para orientar la práctica del psicoanálisis.My aim in this paper is to make known the importance and influence of Eastern culture and thought and of Japan on Lacan’s works. I have taken as a starting point the trip he made to this country during the spring of 1963. After this I have gone backwards to consider the presence of Japan in Sigmund Freud’s works, calling attention to his mention of the Mikado and the Ainu in Totem and Taboo. Towards Buddhism, which was the focus of Lacan’s interest in this first trip to the archipelago, Freud was cautious, reticent and even hostile. Lacan, on the other hand, was enthusiastic about Orient and interested in Buddhism, especially in Zen. I have made a selection of the comments he made on his return from Japan, in which he pointed out weaknesses and commented on how feminine sexuality is eschewed in Buddhism, which he took note of in order to direct his practice in psychoanalysis accordingly.

  13. 女性空间和诗意空间——克里斯蒂娃对拉康的批判%Recreating the Maternal and the Poetic Space: Kristeva's Critique of Lacan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雪滢

    2010-01-01

    拉康批判美国式精神分析派的"自我心理学",认为这样的精神分析学研究严重偏离了弗洛伊德的潜意识理论,把精神分析变成了一门实践科学.拉康把索绪尔语言学融入弗洛伊德的精神分析,他的精神分析语言学理论在二十世纪的文学理论界掀起了一场精神分析与语言学的变革,他使精神分析引入了结构语言学的思想,并且更加注重语言的无意识结构,因而他被誉为"法国的弗洛伊德".克里斯蒂娃也深深受到了拉康的影响.然而在后期,克里斯蒂娃开始发现拉康的"语言暴力"的片面化倾向.克里斯蒂娃质疑拉康的基本理论前提,并指出虽然拉康一直打着"回归弗洛伊德"的旗号,然而却曲解了弗洛伊德理论中"符号"的复杂含义,导致了拉康的"菲勒斯中心论".本文明晰了克里斯蒂娃是如何通过对"贱斥"、"符号分析学"以及"异质性"等理论概念的阐述,挑战拉康的"象征秩序"、"能指/所指公式"和"同质结构"的概念,重建了女性空间和诗意空间.%Although immensely indebted to Lacan's theory that enjoys tremendous popularity in twentieth century literary criticism, Kristeva sets out to challenge Lacan fundamental presuppositions and demonstrates Lacan's misreading of Freud despite of his own manifesto of "Return to Freud". This paper demonstrates how Kristeva re-creates the maternal and the poetic space that has long been denied philosophically by theorizing concepts of abjection, semiotic and heterogeneity, as opposed to Lacan's concept of symbolic order, S/s algorithm, and homologous structure.

  14. Lacan Distinctiveness in Homi Bhabha' s Theory of Hybridity%霍米·巴巴的杂交性理论的拉康特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺玉高

    2012-01-01

    霍米·巴巴的杂交性理论要解决的是萨义德理论中的能动性缺失问题。他把拉康对确定自我身份的解构运用于殖民主义语境中,从而解构了自我与他者,殖民者与被殖民者之间的二元对立,为反抗的能动性提供了一条解决思路。在他的批评中,殖民主义文本中显示的不是殖民者对权力的完全占有,而是欲望得不到满足的人徒劳的重复和妄想型精神分裂症患者的呓语。巴巴杂交性的理论资源虽然很多,但却是拉康让他的杂交性理论获得最重要的特色。%Homi Bhabha' s theory of hybridity is to solve the problem of agency absence implied by Said' s the- ory. He applies Lacan' s deconstruction of fixed identity to the colonialist context, and blurs the binary between the colonizer and the colonized, so he provides an approach to the problem of agency. In his critics, the colonialist texts reveals themselves not the only owner of the whole power, but the repeated monologue of a man whose desire will never be satisfied and the nonsense of a paranoiac schizophrenia. Although the repertoires of Bhabha' s quota- tions are various, it is Lacan who makes his theory nf hvhrlrlitv A;~t;n~;.,~

  15. Maternal death inquiry and response in India - the impact of contextual factors on defining an optimal model to help meet critical maternal health policy objectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalter Henry D

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Maternal death reviews have been utilized in several countries as a means of identifying social and health care quality issues affecting maternal survival. From 2005 to 2009, a standardized community-based maternal death inquiry and response initiative was implemented in eight Indian states with the aim of addressing critical maternal health policy objectives. However, state-specific contextual factors strongly influenced the effort's success. This paper examines the impact and implications of the contextual factors. Methods We identified community, public health systems and governance related contextual factors thought to affect the implementation, utilization and up-scaling of the death inquiry process. Then, according to selected indicators, we documented the contextual factors' presence and their impact on the process' success in helping meet critical maternal health policy objectives in four districts of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal. Based on this assessment, we propose an optimal model for conducting community-based maternal death inquiries in India and similar settings. Results The death inquiry process led to increases in maternal death notification and investigation whether civil society or government took charge of these tasks, stimulated sharing of the findings in multiple settings and contributed to the development of numerous evidence-based local, district and statewide maternal health interventions. NGO inputs were essential where communities, public health systems and governance were weak and boosted effectiveness in stronger settings. Public health systems participation was enabled by responsive and accountable governance. Communities participated most successfully through India's established local governance Panchayat Raj Institutions. In one instance this led to the development of a multi-faceted intervention well-integrated at multiple levels. Conclusions The impact of several contextual

  16. The MADE help system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Haindl; M.M. de Ruiter

    1995-01-01

    textabstractMADE is the acronym for the ESPRIT project 6307, whose aim is to develop an object oriented multimedia application development environment. As part of this project the MADE help system is designed to be a distributed hypermedia system with additional support for run-time object monitori

  17. You Can Help, Too

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Beijing starts recruiting volunteers for the 2008 Olympic Games A recruitment drive for 100,000 Olympic volunteers aimed at helping Chinese people and foreigners get involved in the 2008 Games was officially launched on August 28 in Beijing. Organizers say that applications are expected to start flooding in from around the city, while mainland applicants from outside Beijing can apply for positions start-

  18. Stretching: Does It Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vardiman, Phillip; Carrand, David; Gallagher, Philip M.

    2010-01-01

    Stretching prior to activity is universally accepted as an important way to improve performance and help prevent injury. Likewise, limited flexibility has been shown to decrease functional ability and predispose a person to injuries. Although this is commonly accepted, appropriate stretching for children and adolescents involved with sports and…

  19. Self-Help Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woody, Robert H.

    1973-01-01

    The author believes that there is a distinct need for professionals to become competent in providing materials for self-help lay efforts. Colleges and universities must provide for the facilitation of personal growth through self administered procedures by either a clinical approach (in counseling centers) or a didactic one (in classes as, for…

  20. Stretching: Does It Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vardiman, Phillip; Carrand, David; Gallagher, Philip M.

    2010-01-01

    Stretching prior to activity is universally accepted as an important way to improve performance and help prevent injury. Likewise, limited flexibility has been shown to decrease functional ability and predispose a person to injuries. Although this is commonly accepted, appropriate stretching for children and adolescents involved with sports and…

  1. Profile: parents help themselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, G E

    1981-01-01

    A short account is given of a voluntary organization, PACE, formed by parents of young handicapped children in Leeds. PACE provides friendship and help to other parents, arranges the toy library, riding for the disabled and other activities for the children. It also raises money that is needed for special projects.

  2. Help for Stressed Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Denise Clarke; Simon, Richard

    2005-01-01

    The authors argue that increased focus and pressure for high academic achievement, particularly among more highly-motivated and successful students, may have serious negative consequences. They present a number of strategies designed to help reduce both causes and consequences associated with academic stress and improve students' mental and…

  3. Helping Students Avoid Plagiarism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhoit, Stephen

    1994-01-01

    Discusses how and why college students commit plagiarism, suggesting techniques that instructors can use to help student avoid plagiarism. Instructors should define and discuss plagiarism thoroughly; discuss hypothetical cases; review the conventions of quoting and documenting material; require multiple drafts of essays; and offer responses…

  4. Causal Indicators Can Help to Interpret Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bentler, Peter M.

    2016-01-01

    The latent factor in a causal indicator model is no more than the latent factor of the factor part of the model. However, if the causal indicator variables are well-understood and help to improve the prediction of individuals' factor scores, they can help to interpret the meaning of the latent factor. Aguirre-Urreta, Rönkkö, and Marakas (2016)…

  5. Hinder, More Than Help

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余习榜

    2008-01-01

    @@ Ladies and gentlemen, I'm honored to stand here on behalf of my school to share my experiences and opinions with you. Some people say that our mother ton-gue is of great help to our learning English. However, for my point of view, too much use of Chinese will definitely exert nega-tive effects and tend to hinder the learning progress.

  6. A Little Help

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    More government changes needed to clarify role of NGOs in China As China's first NGOs to receive state funding embark on a pilot program to help poverty-stricken villages, experts say the work of aid groups in a country trying to ease a significant rich-poor divide remains hamstrung by regulations and bureaucracy. In February, the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation (CFPA) announced that

  7. A psicanálise é o que reintroduz o Nome do pai na consideração científica. O que isso significa nos primeiro e segundo ensinos de Lacan?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Guedes Lopes

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Para Lacan, a psicanálise reintroduz o Nome do pai na consideração científica. A ciência moderna trata a existência do homem como dedução do pensamento, não como obra de Deus ou da natureza. A psicanálise opera sobre esse sujeito. Entretanto, não o toma como sujeito sem qualidades como a ciência. O sujeito não resulta apenas de um cálculo nem se exaure no pensamento. A operação do recalque é paradoxal: produz um sujeito separado do seu valor fálico, fato decisivo para o pensamento científico porque considera o princípio de realidade, mas produz também o desejo inconsciente. Isso comprova que é impossível ao sujeito comparecer sem qualidades. S1-S2 não são significantes sem qualidades. Implicam o desejo inconsciente. Este texto demonstra o que significa reintroduzir o Nome do pai na consideração científica. Percorre as vias do progresso e as descontinuidades desse conceito na passagem do primeiro ao segundo ensino de Lacan, principalmente com o conceito de objeto a.

  8. Corona helps curb losses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laasonen, M.; Lahtinen, M.; Lustre, L.

    1996-11-01

    The greatest power losses in electricity transmission arise through a phenomenon called load losses. Corona losses caused by the surface discharge of electricity also constitute a considerable cost item. IVS, the nationwide network company, is investigating corona- induced losses, and has also commissioned similar research from IVO International, the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) and from Tampere University of Technology. The research work strives to gain more in-depth knowledge on the phenomenon of frosting and its impact on corona losses. The correct prediction of frost helps reduce corona losses, while also cutting costs considerably. (orig.)

  9. Corona helps curb losses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laasonen, M.; Lahtinen, M.; Lustre, L.

    1996-11-01

    The greatest power losses in electricity transmission arise through a phenomenon called load losses. Corona losses caused by the surface discharge of electricity also constitute a considerable cost item. IVS, the nationwide network company, is investigating corona- induced losses, and has also commissioned similar research from IVO International, the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) and from Tampere University of Technology. The research work strives to gain more in-depth knowledge on the phenomenon of frosting and its impact on corona losses. The correct prediction of frost helps reduce corona losses, while also cutting costs considerably. (orig.)

  10. Determining Demand for Help-Wanted Advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Sherrer, Mary T.

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how the price of advertising space affects the demand for help-wanted advertising. To do so, this thesis develops and estimates an econometric model to explain and predict the demand for help-wanted advertising placed in a newspaper. For the most part, economic theory and the literature suggest that basic economic and demographic factors explain the demand for help-wanted advertising. The literature and empirical studies confirm an inverse relatio...

  11. Technology for helping people

    CERN Multimedia

    Rosaria Marraffino

    2014-01-01

    The first THE Port hackathon problem-solving workshop was held at CERN from 31 October to 2 November in the framework of the 60th anniversary celebrations. The aim of the event was to develop technological projects that can help to solve the day-to-day needs of people living in areas of the planet that experience conflicts or natural disasters.   Collage of shots from THE Port hackathon. Credit: THE Port association The event was dedicated to humanitarian and social topics inspired by members of non-governmental organisations‬. “There is plenty of room for technology to help in humanitarian fields. That’s why we came up with the idea of bringing people together to work on these topics,” explains Ines Knäpper, Project Manager of THE Port hackathon. “We started six months ago setting up THE Port association.* The success of the event was only possible because of the joint effort of a team of roughly twenty people. They were inspired by the aim...

  12. A cancer help centre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel, R

    1996-06-01

    The diagnosis of cancer can be shattering to all involved. The treatment of cancer is intense and often very challenging. Prevailing attitudes to cancer are sometimes fearful, negative and depressing. This combination may leave those affected by cancer shocked, disorientated and without hope. Even worse than this, on asking consultants 'What can I do to help myself?' patients are frequently told 'Absolutely nothing'--crushing in one fell swoop their remaining fighting spirit. Not so in the case of Penny Brohn, who, when faced with the diagnosis of breast cancer, travelled the world to find alternative cancer treatments, and having successfully brought her own cancer under control, dedicated her life to creating a Centre for others wishing to fight their disease.

  13. Teaching Helping to Adolescents with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day-Watkins, Jessica; Murray, Rachel; Connell, James E.

    2014-01-01

    This study is a replication and extension of Reeve, Reeve, Townsend, and Poulson (2007) evaluating the effects of a treatment package that included multiple-exemplar training, video modeling, prompting, and reinforcement on helping of 3 adolescents with autism. Results demonstrated that all participants acquired the helping responses. Probes…

  14. Lacan’s construction and deconstruction of the schema of the two mirrors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stijn eVanheule

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In the nineteen fifties Jacques Lacan developed a set-up with a concave mirror and a plane mirror, based on which he described the nature of human identification. He also formulated ideas on how psychoanalysis, qua clinical practice, responds to identification. In this paper Lacan’s schema of the two mirrors is described in detail and the theoretical line of reasoning he aimed to articulate with aid of this spatial model is discussed. It is argued that Lacan developed his double-mirror device to clarify the relationship between the drive, the ego, the ideal ego, the ego ideal, the other and the Other. This model helped Lacan describe the dynamics of identification and explain how psychoanalytic treatment works. He argued that by working with free association, psychoanalysis aims to articulate unconscious desire, and bypass the tendency of the ego for misrecognition. The reasons why Lacan stressed the limits of his double-mirror model and no longer considered it useful from the early nineteen sixties onward are examined. It is argued that his concept of the gaze, which he qualifies as a so-called ‘object a,’ prompted Lacan move away from his double-mirror set-up. In those years Lacan gradually began to study the tension between drive and signifier. The schema of the two mirrors, by contrast, focused on the tension between image and signifier, and missed the point Lacan aimed to address in this new era of his work.

  15. Lacan’s Construction and Deconstruction of the Double-Mirror Device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanheule, Stijn

    2011-01-01

    In the 1950s Jacques Lacan developed a set-up with a concave mirror and a plane mirror, based on which he described the nature of human identification. He also formulated ideas on how psychoanalysis, qua clinical practice, responds to identification. In this paper Lacan’s schema of the two mirrors is described in detail and the theoretical line of reasoning he aimed to articulate with aid of this spatial model is discussed. It is argued that Lacan developed his double-mirror device to clarify the relationship between the drive, the ego, the ideal ego, the ego-ideal, the other, and the Other. This model helped Lacan describe the dynamics of identification and explain how psychoanalytic treatment works. He argued that by working with free association, psychoanalysis aims to articulate unconscious desire, and bypass the tendency of the ego for misrecognition. The reasons why Lacan stressed the limits of his double-mirror model and no longer considered it useful from the early 1960s onward are examined. It is argued that his concept of the gaze, which he qualifies as a so-called “object a,” prompted Lacan move away from his double-mirror set-up. In those years Lacan gradually began to study the tension between drive and signifier. The schema of the two mirrors, by contrast, focused on the tension between image and signifier, and missed the point Lacan aimed to address in this new era of his work. PMID:21949511

  16. Helping Children Manage Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robson, Maggie; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Describes interventions used to enhance coping and stress management to children and adolescents. Argues that the model of stress upon which the intervention is based dictates the intervention. Implications are discussed of the acceptance of an extended Lazarus/Folkman model for interventions in schools. (CFR)

  17. Why humans might help strangers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nichola Jayne Raihani

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Humans regularly help strangers, even when interactions are apparently unobserved and unlikely to be repeated. Such situations have been simulated in the laboratory using anonymous one-shot games (e.g. prisoner's dilemma where the payoff matrices used make helping biologically altruistic. As in real-life, participants often cooperate in the lab in these one-shot games with non-relatives, despite that fact that helping is under negative selection under these circumstances. Two broad explanations for such behavior prevail. The 'big mistake' or 'mismatch' theorists argue that behavior is constrained by psychological mechanisms that evolved predominantly in the context of repeated interactions with known individuals. In contrast, the cultural group selection theorists posit that humans have been selected to cooperate in anonymous one-shot interactions due to strong between-group competition, which creates interdependence among in-group members. We present these two hypotheses before discussing alternative routes by which humans could increase their direct fitness by cooperating with strangers under natural conditions. In doing so, we explain why the standard lab games do not capture real-life in various important aspects. First, asymmetries in the cost of perceptual errors regarding the context of the interaction (one-shot versus repeated; anonymous versus public might have selected for strategies that minimize the chance of making costly behavioral errors. Second, helping strangers might be a successful strategy for identifying other cooperative individuals in the population, where partner choice can turn strangers into interaction partners. Third, in many real-world situations individuals are able to parcel investments such that a one-shot interaction is turned into a repeated game of many decisions. Finally, in contrast to the assumptions of the prisoner's dilemma model, it is possible that benefits of cooperation follow a non-linear function of

  18. Modeling tectonic heat flow and source rock maturity in the Rub' Al-Khali Basin (Saudi Arabia), with the help of GOCE satellite gravity data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abdul Fattah, R.; Meekes, S.; Bouman, J.; Ebbing, J.; Haagmans, R.

    2014-01-01

    A 3D basin modeling study was carried out to reconstruct the regional heat flow and source rock maturity in the Rub'al-Khali basin. Gravity gradient data from the GOCE satellite were used to model deep structures, such as the Moho interface. Tectonic heat flow was modeled using the GOCE-based Moho i

  19. ALGUNS ASPECTOS DA RELAÇÃO ENTRE A TEORIA SAUSSURIANA DA LINGUAGEM E A TEORIA DO SIGNIFICANTE LACANIANO A FEW ASPECTS OF THE RELATION ENTER THE SAUSSURE'S THEORY OF THE LANGUAGE AND THE THEORY OF THE LACAN'S SIGNIFICANT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Augusto Franco Fernandes

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Faz-se necessário uma busca de elementos que venham a facilitar a compreensão das origens do significante lacaniano, na tentativa de esclarecer, pela via do estruturalismo lingüístico, até onde vai, realmente, a influência saussuriana. Sabe-se que o significante lacaniano, mesmo tendo como referência epistemológica o significante saussuriano, ambos não devem ser confundidos. Normalmente se atribui a Ferdinand de Saussure a invenção da teoria do signo. Ressaltaremos, entretanto, que essa “invenção” é bem anterior às teorias do lingüista genebrino. Levaremos em conta as observações de Jean-Luc Nancy e Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, na medida em que esses autores demonstram que o deslocamento operado sobre o esquema saussuriano não vai depender, como comumente se pensa, da autonomia do significante. Verificaremos, portanto, até que ponto mostra-se legítimo o uso do termo significante na teoria lacaniana.A search of elements becomes necessary to facilitate the understanding of the origins of the Lacan´s significant, in the attempt to explain through structural linguistic, the limits of the Saussure´s influence. It is known that the Lacan´s significant, even though has the Saussure´s influence as a reference in epistemology, both “significant” must not be mistaken. It is usually attributed to Ferdinand de Saussure the invention of the theory of the linguistic sign. We will stand out, however, that this “invention” is previous to the theories of the genevan linguist. We will observe the comments of Jean-Luc Nancy and Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, to the point where these authors demonstrate that the displacement operated on the Saussure´s scheme will not depend on, as it is well known, the significant’s autonomy. It will be verified, therefore, how legitimate it is, the use of the significant´s term in the Lacan´s theory.

  20. Help from the strings

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    "How can the nature of basic particles be defined beyond the mechanisms presiding over their creation? Besides the standard model of particle physics - resulting from the postulations of quantum mechanics - contemporary science has pinned its hopes on the totally new unifying notion provided by the highly mathematical string theory."(2 pages)

  1. The rise and fall of the autochthonous self: from Italian Renaissance art and Shakespeare to Heidegger, Lacan, and intersubjectivism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chessick, Richard D

    2010-01-01

    This article addresses the unresolved question of the existence of a private core autochthonous self, as it has been described by Winnicott, Modell, and others. The postmodern version of the self has eliminated this concept entirely, relegating the self to a changing and unstable display, or regarding it as totally chaotic, or even an illusion. The question is raised whether by returning to the origins of this notion of a private self and then tracing its apparent dissolution it might be possible to discover some evidence that it still exists. The methodology used is that of obtaining knowledge directly through the arts and the claim is made that because empirical science has clamored to be the only source of knowledge, we have lost what could be obtained by direct intuitive seeing and experiencing the works of creative geniuses. To explore the rise of the autochthonous self this article provides an examination of the shift from Gothic art to Italian Renaissance art, a time which engendered the origin of "man" with his or her elusive private individual self that then became expressed in changing works of art. As this spread north, Shakespeare appeared and similarly invented and illustrated in his characters the private individual self, a concept not appreciated or recognized before the renaissance. But as science arose and Western civilization began to decline, a corresponding disillusionment with "man" took place. The self began to be viewed as solely a social construction with no core except perhaps a genetic endowment. This was accompanied by a reduction in the concept of the human as a valuable and precious living being and was replaced by regarding the human as an object of control and exploitation. After the Second World War a movement in contemporary United States psychoanalysis gradually replaced the ideas of Freud and his emphasis on the "I" in the psychoanalytic process, with forms of relational therapy, assuming that the self was ab initio

  2. Constraints on the energy spectra of charged particles predicted in some model interactions of hadrons with help of the atmospheric muon flux

    CERN Document Server

    Dedenko, L G; Roganova, T M

    2015-01-01

    It has been shown that muon flux intensities calculated in terms of the EPOS LHC and EPOS 1.99 models at the energy of 10^4 GeV exceed the data of the classical experiments L3+Cosmic, MACRO and LVD on the spectra of atmospheric muons by a factor of 1.9 and below these data at the same energy by a factor of 1.8 in case of the QGSJET II-03 model. It has been concluded that these tested models overestimate (underestimate in case of QGSJET II-03 model) the production of secondary particles with the highest energies in interactions of hadrons by a factor of ~1.5. The LHCf and TOTEM accelerator experiments show also this type of disagreements with these model predictions at highest energies of secondary particles.

  3. Temporally shifted hemodynamic response model helps to extract acupuncture-induced functional magnetic resonance imaging blood oxygenation-level dependent activities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tsung-Jung Ho; Jeng-Ren Duann; Chun-Ming Chen; Jeon-Hor Chen; Wu-Chung Shen; Tung-Wu Lu; Jan-Ray Liao; Zen-Pin Lin; Kuo-Ning Shaw; Jaung-Geng Lin

    2009-01-01

    Background The onsets of needling sensation introduced by acupuncture stimulus can vary widely from subject to subject.This should be explicitly accounted for by the model blood oxygenation-level dependent (BOLD) time course used in general linear model (GLM) analysis to obtain more consistent across-subject group results.However,in standard GLM analysis,the model BOLD time course obtained by convolving a canonical hemodynamic response function with an experimental paradigm time course is assumed identical across subjects.Although some added-on properties to the model BOLD time course,such as temporal and dispersion derivatives,may be used to account for different BOLD response onsets,they can only account for the BOLD onset deviations to the extent of less than one repetition time (TR).Methods In this study,we explicitly manipulated the onsets of model BOLD time course by shifting it with-2,-1,or 1 TR and used these temporally shifted BOLD model to analyze the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data obtained from three acupuncture fMRI experiments with GLM analysis.One involved acupuncture stimulus on left ST42acupoint and the other two on left GB40 and left BL64 acupoints.Results The model BOLD time course with temporal shifts,in addition to temporal and dispersion derivatives,could result in better statistical power of the data analysis in terms of the average correlation coefficients between the used BOLD models and extracted BOLD responses from individual subject data and the T-values of the activation clusters in the grouped random effects.Conclusions The GLM analysis with ordinary BOLD model failed to catch the large variability of the onsets of the BOLD responses associated with the acupuncture needling sensation.Shifts in time with more than a TR on model BOLD time course might be required to better extract the acupuncture stimulus-induced BOLD activities from individual fMRI data.

  4. Research on the Model of Helpfulness Factors of Online Customer Reviews%消费者在线评论有用性影响因素模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭岚; 周启海; 邱江涛

    2011-01-01

    消费者在线评论的价值已经得到消费者和在线零售商的公认,对评论有用性的研究已经成为新的研究热点.从减少消费者决策风险出发,在感知诊断性概念基础上定义了评论有用性概念,构建了一个评论有用性影响因素模型.从传播说服理论的维度考察,评论等级、评论长度、好评率和使用互联网经验是影响评论有用性的重要因素.商品类型对评论有用性具有调节作用.%The value of online customer reviews have been recognized by customer and online retailers and research on the helpfulness of the review have become the emerging fields. From the start of reducing the risk of consumer decision-making, this study defined the conception of helpfulness of the customer reviews based on the conception of perceived diagnosticity and built a model of the helpfulness factors of online customer reviews. Based on the theory of communication and persuasion,review rates,review length,percent of helpfulness and experience of using the Internet are the important factors affecting helpfulness of the review. Product type moderates the helpfulness of the review.

  5. Desire or the Desire of Mother:Lacan on Hamlet%欲望还是母亲的欲望?——拉康再论《哈姆莱特》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马元龙

    2011-01-01

    In various interpretations of Hamlet,and the Freudian is one of the most important.The pivot of this interpretation is to explain the riddle of Hamlet with Oedipus complex.However,Lacan,as a revolutionist of psychoanalysis,reaches a different conclusion in terms of his own logic.The essential difference between them lies in this fact: with Freud,the key of this play is Hamlet's desire for his mother,whereas with Lacan,it is his mother's desire.%在对《哈姆莱特》所作的各种解释中,弗洛伊德式的精神分析解释无疑是极为重要的一种。这种解释的支点是将哈姆莱特之谜纳入俄狄浦斯情结的结构之中。但是,拉康作为精神分析的革命者,却从自己的理论逻辑出发,得出了与弗洛伊德完全不同的结论。他们之间的根本差异在于:在弗洛伊德那里,这出悲剧的关键是哈姆莱特对母亲的欲望;而在拉康这里,关键是哈姆莱特母亲的欲望,菲勒斯被拉康用来表示母亲欲望的能指。

  6. SEARCHBreast: a new resource to locate and share surplus archival material from breast cancer animal models to help address the 3Rs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blyth, Karen; Carter, Phil; Morrissey, Bethny; Chelala, Claude; Jones, Louise; Holen, Ingunn; Speirs, Valerie

    2016-04-01

    Animal models have contributed to our understanding of breast cancer, with publication of results in high-impact journals almost invariably requiring extensive in vivo experimentation. As such, many laboratories hold large collections of surplus animal material, with only a fraction being used in publications relating to the original projects. Despite being developed at considerable cost, this material is an invisible and hence an underutilised resource, which often ends up being discarded. Within the breast cancer research community there is both a need and desire to make this valuable material available for researchers. Lack of a coordinated system for visualisation and localisation of this has prevented progress. To fulfil this unmet need, we have developed a novel initiative called Sharing Experimental Animal Resources: Coordinating Holdings-Breast (SEARCHBreast) which facilitates sharing of archival tissue between researchers on a collaborative basis and, de facto will reduce overall usage of animal models in breast cancer research. A secure searchable database has been developed where researchers can find, share, or upload materials related to animal models of breast cancer, including genetic and transplant models. SEARCHBreast is a virtual compendium where the physical material remains with the original laboratory. A bioanalysis pipeline is being developed for the analysis of transcriptomics data associated with mouse models, allowing comparative study with human and cell line data. Additionally, SEARCHBreast is committed to promoting the use of humanised breast tissue models as replacement alternatives to animals. Access to this unique resource is freely available to all academic researchers following registration at https://searchbreast.org.

  7. Help Seeking in Online Collaborative Groupwork: A Multilevel Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Jianxia; Xu, Jianzhong; Fan, Xitao

    2015-01-01

    This study examined predictive models for students' help seeking in the context of online collaborative groupwork. Results from multilevel analysis revealed that most of the variance in help seeking was at the individual student level, and multiple variables at the individual level were predictive of help-seeking behaviour. Help seeking was…

  8. Help Seeking in Online Collaborative Groupwork: A Multilevel Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Jianxia; Xu, Jianzhong; Fan, Xitao

    2015-01-01

    This study examined predictive models for students' help seeking in the context of online collaborative groupwork. Results from multilevel analysis revealed that most of the variance in help seeking was at the individual student level, and multiple variables at the individual level were predictive of help-seeking behaviour. Help seeking was…

  9. Using Point-of-View Video Modeling and Forward Chaining to Teach a Functional Self-Help Skill to a Child with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Akriti; Anderson, Angelika; Moore, Dennis W.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of point-of-view video modeling in a forward-chaining procedure to teach a 4-year-old boy with autism to serve himself an afternoon snack. Task analysis was undertaken, and the task was divided into 3 phases with 1 video produced for each phase. A changing criterion design was used to evaluate the effects of…

  10. Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Size Email Print Share Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure Page Content Article Body Teens are more likely ... time they had intercourse. Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure “The pressure on teenagers to have sex is ...

  11. Tourette Syndrome: Help Stop Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Submit Button Past Emails Tourette Syndrome: Help Stop Bullying Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... you can increase acceptance by helping to stop bullying of children with TS. Bullying doesn't just ...

  12. Yoga May Help Ease Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_167586.html Yoga May Help Ease Depression It's not a cure- ... HealthDay News) -- If you've ever taken a yoga class, you probably know that it can help ...

  13. Exercises to help prevent falls

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ency/patientinstructions/000493.htm Exercises to help prevent falls To use the sharing features on this page, ... even more serious injuries. Exercising can help prevent falls because it can: Make your muscles stronger and ...

  14. An Integrated Assessment Model for Helping the United States Sea Scallop (Placopecten magellanicus Fishery Plan Ahead for Ocean Acidification and Warming.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah R Cooley

    Full Text Available Ocean acidification, the progressive change in ocean chemistry caused by uptake of atmospheric CO2, is likely to affect some marine resources negatively, including shellfish. The Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus supports one of the most economically important single-species commercial fisheries in the United States. Careful management appears to be the most powerful short-term factor affecting scallop populations, but in the coming decades scallops will be increasingly influenced by global environmental changes such as ocean warming and ocean acidification. In this paper, we describe an integrated assessment model (IAM that numerically simulates oceanographic, population dynamic, and socioeconomic relationships for the U.S. commercial sea scallop fishery. Our primary goal is to enrich resource management deliberations by offering both short- and long-term insight into the system and generating detailed policy-relevant information about the relative effects of ocean acidification, temperature rise, fishing pressure, and socioeconomic factors on the fishery using a simplified model system. Starting with relationships and data used now for sea scallop fishery management, the model adds socioeconomic decision making based on static economic theory and includes ocean biogeochemical change resulting from CO2 emissions. The model skillfully reproduces scallop population dynamics, market dynamics, and seawater carbonate chemistry since 2000. It indicates sea scallop harvests could decline substantially by 2050 under RCP 8.5 CO2 emissions and current harvest rules, assuming that ocean acidification affects P. magellanicus by decreasing recruitment and slowing growth, and that ocean warming increases growth. Future work will explore different economic and management scenarios and test how potential impacts of ocean acidification on other scallop biological parameters may influence the social-ecological system. Future empirical work on the

  15. An Integrated Assessment Model for Helping the United States Sea Scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) Fishery Plan Ahead for Ocean Acidification and Warming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, Sarah R; Rheuban, Jennie E; Hart, Deborah R; Luu, Victoria; Glover, David M; Hare, Jonathan A; Doney, Scott C

    2015-01-01

    Ocean acidification, the progressive change in ocean chemistry caused by uptake of atmospheric CO2, is likely to affect some marine resources negatively, including shellfish. The Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) supports one of the most economically important single-species commercial fisheries in the United States. Careful management appears to be the most powerful short-term factor affecting scallop populations, but in the coming decades scallops will be increasingly influenced by global environmental changes such as ocean warming and ocean acidification. In this paper, we describe an integrated assessment model (IAM) that numerically simulates oceanographic, population dynamic, and socioeconomic relationships for the U.S. commercial sea scallop fishery. Our primary goal is to enrich resource management deliberations by offering both short- and long-term insight into the system and generating detailed policy-relevant information about the relative effects of ocean acidification, temperature rise, fishing pressure, and socioeconomic factors on the fishery using a simplified model system. Starting with relationships and data used now for sea scallop fishery management, the model adds socioeconomic decision making based on static economic theory and includes ocean biogeochemical change resulting from CO2 emissions. The model skillfully reproduces scallop population dynamics, market dynamics, and seawater carbonate chemistry since 2000. It indicates sea scallop harvests could decline substantially by 2050 under RCP 8.5 CO2 emissions and current harvest rules, assuming that ocean acidification affects P. magellanicus by decreasing recruitment and slowing growth, and that ocean warming increases growth. Future work will explore different economic and management scenarios and test how potential impacts of ocean acidification on other scallop biological parameters may influence the social-ecological system. Future empirical work on the effect of ocean

  16. Model for the dynamics of liquid penetration into porous structures and its detection with the help of changes in ultrasonic attenuation

    OpenAIRE

    Daun, Matias

    2007-01-01

    The dynamics of liquid penetration into porous networks is important for many processes during the production and printing of paper. One commercially available device to measure liquid penetration indirectly uses the change of ultrasonic attenuation when a specimen is brought into contact with liquid. In order to interpret results obtained by this device the generation and detection of ultra-sound are modelled as functions of the Sender and the Receiver, their material properties, their diame...

  17. Meta-analysis of prediction model performance across multiple studies: Which scale helps ensure between-study normality for the C-statistic and calibration measures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Kym Ie; Ensor, Joie; Debray, Thomas Pa; Moons, Karel Gm; Riley, Richard D

    2017-01-01

    If individual participant data are available from multiple studies or clusters, then a prediction model can be externally validated multiple times. This allows the model's discrimination and calibration performance to be examined across different settings. Random-effects meta-analysis can then be used to quantify overall (average) performance and heterogeneity in performance. This typically assumes a normal distribution of 'true' performance across studies. We conducted a simulation study to examine this normality assumption for various performance measures relating to a logistic regression prediction model. We simulated data across multiple studies with varying degrees of variability in baseline risk or predictor effects and then evaluated the shape of the between-study distribution in the C-statistic, calibration slope, calibration-in-the-large, and E/O statistic, and possible transformations thereof. We found that a normal between-study distribution was usually reasonable for the calibration slope and calibration-in-the-large; however, the distributions of the C-statistic and E/O were often skewed across studies, particularly in settings with large variability in the predictor effects. Normality was vastly improved when using the logit transformation for the C-statistic and the log transformation for E/O, and therefore we recommend these scales to be used for meta-analysis. An illustrated example is given using a random-effects meta-analysis of the performance of QRISK2 across 25 general practices.

  18. Factors influencing intention to help and helping behaviour in witnesses of bullying in nursing settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Báez-León, Carmen; Moreno-Jiménez, Bernardo; Aguirre-Camacho, Aldo; Olmos, Ricardo

    2016-12-01

    The role played by witnesses of bullying in nursing settings remains little studied, despite their potential relevance in explaining the onset and development of bullying. The objective of this study was to develop a model to account for witnesses' intention to help and helping behaviour in response to bullying in a nursing setting. Three hundred and thirty-seven witnesses completed self-report measures of variables predicting intention to help and helping behaviour. A full structural model was constructed using structural equation modelling. The intention to help victims was elicited by tension, group identity, support to peers' initiative to intervene and absence of fear of retaliation. However, engagement in helping behaviour was only predicted by the absence of fear of retaliation. This study shows that witnesses of bullying in nursing settings do not remain impassive, but their experienced discomfort and intention to help victims is not sufficient to predict helping behaviour. Fear of possible retaliation if intervening in favour of victims constitutes a crucial factor explaining witnesses' hesitation to help victims. Several implications for the implementation of policies directed at eradicating bullying in nursing settings are discussed. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. Can Linear Regression Modeling Help Clinicians in the Interpretation of Genotypic Resistance Data? An Application to Derive a Lopinavir-Score

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cozzi-Lepri, Alessandro; Prosperi, Mattia C F; Kjær, Jesper;

    2011-01-01

    of treatment change episodes (TCE). We used the average square error (ASE) on a 10-fold cross-validation and on a test dataset (the EuroSIDA TCE database) to compare the performance of a newly derived lopinavir/r score with that of the 3 most widely used expert-based interpretation rules (ANRS, HIVDB and Rega...... explored the potential of linear regression to construct a simple predictive model for lopinavir/r-based TCE. Although, the performance of our proposed score was similar to that of already existing IS, previously unrecognized lopinavir/r-associated mutations were identified. The analysis illustrates...

  20. A Spoonful of Math Helps the Medicine Go Down: An Illustration of How Healthcare can Benefit from Mathematical Modeling and Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ziya Serhan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives A recent joint report from the Institute of Medicine and the National Academy of Engineering, highlights the benefits of--indeed, the need for--mathematical analysis of healthcare delivery. Tools for such analysis have been developed over decades by researchers in Operations Research (OR. An OR perspective typically frames a complex problem in terms of its essential mathematical structure. This article illustrates the use and value of the tools of operations research in healthcare. It reviews one OR tool, queueing theory, and provides an illustration involving a hypothetical drug treatment facility. Method Queueing Theory (QT is the study of waiting lines. The theory is useful in that it provides solutions to problems of waiting and its relationship to key characteristics of healthcare systems. More generally, it illustrates the strengths of modeling in healthcare and service delivery. Queueing theory offers insights that initially may be hidden. For example, a queueing model allows one to incorporate randomness, which is inherent in the actual system, into the mathematical analysis. As a result of this randomness, these systems often perform much worse than one might have guessed based on deterministic conditions. Poor performance is reflected in longer lines, longer waits, and lower levels of server utilization. As an illustration, we specify a queueing model of a representative drug treatment facility. The analysis of this model provides mathematical expressions for some of the key performance measures, such as average waiting time for admission. Results We calculate average occupancy in the facility and its relationship to system characteristics. For example, when the facility has 28 beds, the average wait for admission is 4 days. We also explore the relationship between arrival rate at the facility, the capacity of the facility, and waiting times. Conclusions One key aspect of the healthcare system is its complexity, and

  1. A Spoonful of Math Helps the Medicine Go Down: An Illustration of How Healthcare can Benefit from Mathematical Modeling and Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Objectives A recent joint report from the Institute of Medicine and the National Academy of Engineering, highlights the benefits of--indeed, the need for--mathematical analysis of healthcare delivery. Tools for such analysis have been developed over decades by researchers in Operations Research (OR). An OR perspective typically frames a complex problem in terms of its essential mathematical structure. This article illustrates the use and value of the tools of operations research in healthcare. It reviews one OR tool, queueing theory, and provides an illustration involving a hypothetical drug treatment facility. Method Queueing Theory (QT) is the study of waiting lines. The theory is useful in that it provides solutions to problems of waiting and its relationship to key characteristics of healthcare systems. More generally, it illustrates the strengths of modeling in healthcare and service delivery. Queueing theory offers insights that initially may be hidden. For example, a queueing model allows one to incorporate randomness, which is inherent in the actual system, into the mathematical analysis. As a result of this randomness, these systems often perform much worse than one might have guessed based on deterministic conditions. Poor performance is reflected in longer lines, longer waits, and lower levels of server utilization. As an illustration, we specify a queueing model of a representative drug treatment facility. The analysis of this model provides mathematical expressions for some of the key performance measures, such as average waiting time for admission. Results We calculate average occupancy in the facility and its relationship to system characteristics. For example, when the facility has 28 beds, the average wait for admission is 4 days. We also explore the relationship between arrival rate at the facility, the capacity of the facility, and waiting times. Conclusions One key aspect of the healthcare system is its complexity, and policy makers want to

  2. Helping as a Function of Empathic Responses and Sociopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Edward L.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Investigated helping as a function of empathic anxiety (anxiety in response to modeled distress) and individual differences in sociopathic tendencies. Results indicated modeled distress produces increases in anxiety which are positively associated with helping and sociopathic individuals are less likely to help than are nonsociopathic individuals.…

  3. The use of models to help in the decision making process related to response after an RDD (Radiological dispersion device) event

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saint Yves, Thalis Leon de Avila, E-mail: thalis@ird.gov.br, E-mail: thalis09@ird.gov.br [Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria (IRD/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Instituto Nacional de Cancer (INCA), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Lauria, Dejanira da Costa, E-mail: dejanira@ird.gov.br [Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria (IRD/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Maia, Arlei; Andrade, Edson Ramos de [Centro Tecnologico do Exercito (DDQBN/CTEx), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Div. de Defesa Quimica Biologica e Nuclear

    2011-07-01

    Since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, the assessment of radiological impacts for the public and the environment due to radionuclides being scattered by a radiological malevolent event has been a central focus. Models and computational codes have been developed and hypothetical scenarios have been formulated for establishing priority of countermeasures and protective actions; determining of generic operational guidelines; and assessment of risks for exposure population. In this study, a likely scenario was considered for evaluation of radiation exposures after a hypothetical radiological explosion of a {sup 137}Cs device event in an urban environment. Joining to that, the main goal of this study is evaluating the usefulness of the sequential use of two codes for assessment of radiological consequence, and supporting decision making related to a RDD. A summary of the approaches of the two different codes, of their key inputs and outputs are presented. (author)

  4. Virtual Modeling of Postoperative Alignment Following Adult Spinal Deformity (ASD) Surgery Helps Predict associations between Compensatory Spinopelvic Alignment Changes, Overcorrection and Proximal Junctional Kyphosis (PJK).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafage, Renaud; Bess, Shay; Glassman, Steve; Ames, Christopher; Burton, Doug; Hart, Robert; Kim, Han Jo; Klineberg, Eric; Henry, Jensen; Line, Breton; Scheer, Justin; Protopsaltis, Themistocles; Schwab, Frank; Lafage, Virginie

    2017-02-09

    Retrospective review of a prospective multicenter database. To develop a method to analyze sagittal alignment, free of PJK's influence, and then compare PJK to non-PJK patients using this method. Proximal Junctional Kyphosis (PJK) following Adult Spinal Deformity (ASD) surgery remains problematic as it alters sagittal alignment. This study proposes a novel virtual modeling technique that attempts to eliminate the confounding effects of PJK on postoperative spinal alignment. A virtual spinal modeling technique was developed on a retrospective ASD cohort of patients with multilevel spinal fusions to the pelvis with at least 2 year post-operative follow-up. The virtual post-op alignment (VIRTUAL) was created from the post-op alignment of the instrumented segments and the pre-op alignment of the unfused segments. VIRTUAL was validated by comparisons to actual 2-year post-op alignment (REAL) in NOPJK patients. Patients were then divided into two groups: PJK and NOPJK based on the presence/absence of PJK at 2 years post-op. PJK and NOPJK patients were compared using VIRTUAL and REAL. 458 patients (78F, mean 57.9y) were analyzed. The validation of VIRTUAL versus REAL demonstrated correlation coefficients above 0.7 for all measures except SVA (r = 0.604). At 2-years, REAL alignment in PJK patients demonstrated a smaller PI-LL and a larger thoracic kyphosis than NOPJK patients, but similar SVA, TPA, and PT. An analysis of VIRTUAL demonstrated that PJK patients had a smaller PI-LL, PT, SVA, and TPA than NOPJK patients (p VIRTUAL alignments revealed that postoperative PJK may develop partially as a compensatory mechanism to the over-correction of sagittal deformities. Future research will evaluate the appropriate thresholds for deformity correction according to age and ASD severity. 3.

  5. {sup 18}F-FDG uptake by spleen helps rapidly predict the dose level after total body irradiation in a Tibetan minipig model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yu Jue; Gu, Wei Wang [Southern Medical University, Department of Laboratory Animal Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Wu, Shao Jie; Guo, Kun Yuan; Chen, Chi [Southern Medical University, Department of Hematology, Zhujiang Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Xie, Qiang; Cai, Liang [Chinese People' s Armed Police Forces, Department of Oncology and PET/CT, Guangdong Provincial Corp Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Zou, Fei [Southern Medical University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China)

    2012-09-15

    To investigate whether {sup 18}F- FDG uptake can be applied in dosimetry to facilitate the rapid and accurate evaluation of individual radiation doses after a nuclear accident. Forty-eight Tibetan minipigs were randomised into a control group (n = 3) and treatment groups (n = 45). {sup 18}F-FDG combined positron-emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) were carried out before total body irradiation (TBI) and at 6, 24 and 72 h after receiving TBI doses ranging from 1 to 11 Gy. Spleen tissues and blood samples were also collected for histological examination, apoptosis and blood analysis. Mean standardised uptake values (SUVs) of the spleen showed significant differences between the experimental and the control groups. Spleen SUV at 6 h post-irradiation showed significant correlation with radiation dose; Spearman's correlation coefficient was 0.97 (P < 0.01). Histological observations showed that damage to the splenic lymphocyte became more severe with an increase in the radiation dose. Moreover, apoptosis was one of the major routes of splenic lymphocyte death, which was also confirmed by flow cytometry analysis. In the Tibetan minipig model, radiation doses have a close relationship with the {sup 18}F-FDG uptake of the spleen. This finding suggests that {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT may be useful for the rapid detection of individual radiation doses. (orig.)

  6. Propuesta de Investigación Cualitativa: un modelo para ayudar a investigadores noveles Qualitative Research proposal: a model to help novice researchers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina G. Vivar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Los profesionales de enfermería contribuyen de modo importante, por medio de la investigación, a extender y actualizar su propio cuerpo de conocimientos con la intención de mejorar la calidad de los cuidados de enfermería. A los estudiantes y a los investigadores noveles, sin embargo, les puede resultar difícil comenzar la investigación y puede que necesiten supervisión a lo largo del proceso investigador. Este artículo se centra en la praxis para diseñar una propuesta de investigación cualitativa al presentar un ejemplo/modelo, con el propósito de que pueda ser beneficioso para aquellos principiantes a la hora de utilizar la metodología cualitativa.Nurses make an important contribution to extending and updating knowledge through research with the purpose of improving the quality of nursing care. Students and novice researchers, however, may find it difficult to initiate investigation and may require supervision during the research process. This paper focuses on the practicality of designing a qualitative research proposal by presenting an example/model, in the hope that it may be of benefit to beginners using a qualitative methodology.

  7. Help!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Caralee

    2006-01-01

    This article presents ten time-saving ideas for teachers. One great time-saving tip is to come in an hour early once or twice a week for grading papers. It is also a great idea if teachers will not give tests on Friday in order to reduce their weekend work.

  8. Can a novel combination of organic chemical analysis and inverse modeling help reconstruct the past upper forest line in the Ecuadorian Andes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, B.; van Loon, E. E.; Nierop, K. G. J.

    2009-04-01

    soils and peat sediment over time poses a major challenge. To tackle this problem, we developed the VERHIB model that describes the accumulation of biomarkers in soils and peat sediments(4). By inversion the most likely vegetation composition leading to the mixed biomarker signal in the soil or peat sediment in question can be derived. Here we describe the results of the first application of the model in a peat core and several soil monoliths at various altitudes from our study area. Our results show that biomarker analysis using the VERHIB model can indeed serve as a new proxy to reconstruct historic vegetation compositions including the UFL in the Ecuadorian Andes, yielding information that is highly complementary to that which can be obtained through traditional pollen analysis. This is a significant breakthrough from a paleo-ecological point of view as it means an additional proxy is available to be used in combination with traditional pollen- and vegetation analysis. In addition, it is a very promising result from an applied point of view as the information gained will aid the Ecuadorian government in its strategic decisions concerning reforestation of possibly degraded natural areas. 1)Jansen, B. Nierop, K.G.J., Hageman, J.A., Cleef, A.M. & Verstraten, J.M. 2006. The straight chain lipid biomarker composition of plant species responsible for the dominant biomass production along two altitudinal transects in the Ecuadorian Andes. Organic Geochemistry 37: 1514-1536. 2)Jansen, B. & Nierop, K.G.J. 2008. Methyl ketones in high altitude Ecuadorian Andosols confirm excellent conservation of plant-specific n-alkane patterns. Organic Geochemistry (in press). 3)Tonneijck, F.H. & Jongmans, A.G. 2008. The influence of bioturbation on the vertical distribution of soil organic matter in volcanic ash soils: a case study in Northern Ecuador. European Journal of Soil Science 59: 1063-1075. 4)Jansen, B., Van Loon, E.E., Hooghiemstra, H. & Verstraten, J.M. 2008. Analysis of plant

  9. The Chandra HelpDesk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galle, Elizabeth C.

    2008-03-01

    The Chandra X-ray Center (CXC) HelpDesk has answered hundreds of user questions over the course of the Chandra mission, ranging from basic syntax errors to advanced analysis questions. This talk gives an introduction to the HelpDesk system and staff, presents a sample of recent HelpDesk requests, and discusses how user-submitted questions improve the software and documentation.

  10. Reconstruction of the Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance over 1900-2015 with the help of the regional climate MARv3.6 model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fettweis, Xavier; Agosta, Cécile; Gallée, Hubert

    2016-04-01

    With the aim of studying the recent Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) Surface Mass Balance (SMB) decrease with respect to the last century, we have forced the regional climate MAR model (version 3.6) with the ERA-Interim (1979-2015), ERA-40 (1958-2001), NCEP1 (1948-2015), NCEP2 (1979-2015), JRA-55 (1958-2015), 20CRv2(c) (1880-2012) and ERA-20C (1900-2010) reanalysis. While all of these forcing products are reanalyses, MAR simulates differences in SMB over the common period. A temperature correction of +1°C (resp. -1°C) had notably to be applied to the MAR boundary conditions given that ERA-20C (resp. 20CRv2) is ~1° colder (resp. warmer) over Greenland than ERA-Interim data over 1980-2010. Comparisons with PROMICE daily temperature measurements valid these corrections. In most of regions, the SMB discrepancies between the different simulations are not significant except in the South-East where the maximum of precipitation occurs and where SMB measurements are missing. This suggests that uncertainties in the current SMB reconstruction remain and that observations are still needed. Comparisons with SMB measurements from the PROMICE data set, ice cores and satellite derived melt extent allows to select the best reanalysis forced data set. All of these simulations show that i) the period 1961-1990 usually chosen as reference for SMB and ice dynamics (stable ice sheet) over GrIS is a period when the SMB was abnormally high in respect to the last 120 years; ii) SMB has been significantly decreasing after this reference period due to increasing melt. Both ERA-20C and 20CRv2 forced simulations suggest a precipitation increase since the beginning of the last century and the ERA-20C forced simulation only suggests that SMB during the 1920-1930 warm period over Greenland was comparable with the SMB of the 2000's. Finally, the sensitivity of switching on the erosion of the snow by the wind in MARv3.6 over GrIS will be discussed.

  11. Osteoporosis Treatment: Medications Can Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osteoporosis treatment: Medications can help Osteoporosis treatment may involve medication along with lifestyle change. A Mayo Clinic specialist answers some of the most common questions about osteoporosis ...

  12. Helping your teen with depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teen depression - helping; Teen depression - talk therapy; Teen depression - medicine ... teen the most. The most effective treatments for depression are: Talk therapy Antidepressant medicines If your teen ...

  13. Analysis of Paul's Identity Construction in Lawrence's Sons and Lovers by means of Lacan's Three Orders%用拉康三界论分析劳伦斯《儿子与情人》中保罗的身份建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张嘉瑶

    2016-01-01

    Sons and Lovers is viewed as the idealized sample for psychoanalysis.In the field of psychoanaly-sis,Lacan's theory is the most influential one after Freud.Different from Freudian theory about sexuality and unconsciousness,Lacan emphases more on self construction.This paper is going to adopt Lacan's Three Orders to explain why Paul could not become a real individual.%《儿子与情人》是劳伦斯小说的成熟之作,被视作心理分析小说的绝佳教科书。拉康的心理分析理论是继弗洛依德之后又一具有划时代意义的心理学理论丰碑。同弗洛伊德的"性欲与无意识"主张不同,拉康强调主体说与自我构建。运用拉康的三界论,即想象界,象征界和实在界,来勾勒保罗在个人身份建构中遇到的障碍和问题,分析保罗为何无法成为独立为自主的个体。

  14. A Grounded Theory on Helping Behavior and Its Shaping Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Grounded Theory on Helping Behavior and Its Shaping Factors

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In social psychology, the attribution model of helping behavior suggests that beliefs of the helping target’s responsibility for the need for help evoke affective motivators such as feelings of pity, sympathy, or anger. The affective motivation leads to helping or not helping the target. The current emergent theory is an enhancement of this theory by incorporating other personal and situational variables.Through the use of classic grounded theory, I interviewed 80 participants from different De La Salle Schools in the Philippines. This yielded over 1300 individual incidents that were compared and contrasted to form codes, categories and subcategories. A theory on the decision making process of helping emerged that incorporates the helper’s personal conviction, and rational deliberations of the situation. The desire to help is based on the helper’s rationalemotive beliefs (philosophical ideals and values that nurture helping and the knowledge of the nature of risk/problem and relational-emotive ties (with the one who needs help and with a social group that nurtures helping. The desire to help undergoes a process of rationalpragmatic-deliberations on the appropriateness of the recipients need of help, the cost of helping, the helper’s capability of helping, and the logistics of helping before the actual helping occurs. The theory has implications for current social psychological theories of helping, and the use of classic grounded theory research.

  15. Virtual reality modeling language : et si nous assistions au dépassement de Lacan et de Vygotski ?

    OpenAIRE

    Coulardeau, Jacques

    2014-01-01

    Nous avons découvert à Bournemouth (Grande-Bretagne) le rôle capital de la culture de l’apprenant comme motivation pour celui-ci, et dans cette culture, l’informatique tient une place centrale. La réalité virtuelle (RV) pour l’Internet se fonde sur deux langages-machine, le VRML et Java. Ce sont des langues industrielles pures, relayées par des langues pédagogiques en direction du grand public. La possession de ces langues ouvre un monde virtuel de masse qui représente une industrie et un com...

  16. A Physical Model to Help Explain Evaporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branca, M.; Soletta, I.

    2014-01-01

    One of the basic ideas when studying science is that matter is composed of particles (atoms or molecules) and these are in a constant state of agitation. In the solid or liquid state the molecules are attracted to each other, while in the gaseous state they have sufficient energy to overcome the forces of cohesion and can move away from one…

  17. Helping Classrooms Cope with Traumatic Events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock, Stephen E.

    1998-01-01

    An updated model for Classroom Crisis Intervention (CCI) including post-CCI activities is presented. CCI may be applied following various types of traumatic incident involvement and for the management of grief reactions. By promoting the idea that trauma responses are normal, CCI helps survivors regain optimism. (EMK)

  18. Toddlers Selectively Help Fair Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Surian

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Previous research showed that infants and toddlers are inclined to help prosocial agents and assign a positive valence to fair distributions. Also, they expect that positive and negative actions directed toward distributors will conform to reciprocity principles. This study investigates whether toddlers are selective in helping others, as a function of others’ previous distributive actions. Toddlers were presented with real-life events in which two actresses distributed resources either equally or unequally between two puppets. Then, they played together with a ball that accidentally fell to the ground and asked participants to help them to retrieve it. Participants preferred to help the actress who performed equal distributions. This finding suggests that by the second year children’s prosocial actions are modulated by their emerging sense of fairness.HighlightsToddlers (mean age = 25 months are selective in helping distributors.Toddlers prefer helping a fair rather than an unfair distributor.Toddlers’ selective helping provides evidence for an early sense of fairness.

  19. How Stitches Help Kids Heal

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... cuts is a small sticky strip called a butterfly bandage. It keeps the edges of a shallow ... help. Different kinds of materials — sutures, glue, and butterflies — need different kinds of care. The doctor probably ...

  20. New Vaccines Help Protect You

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues New Vaccines Help Protect You Past Issues / Fall 2006 Table ... this page please turn Javascript on. Important new vaccines have recently been approved for use and are ...

  1. Helping Teachers Help Themselves: Professional Development That Makes a Difference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Kevin; Parker, Melissa; Tannehill, Deborah

    2015-01-01

    For school administrators to facilitate impactful teacher professional development, a shift in thinking that goes beyond the acquisition of new skills and knowledge to helping teachers rethink their practice is required. Based on review of the professional development literature and our own continued observations of professional development, this…

  2. Charity Bazaar Helps the Aged

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Hundreds of people on September 24 participated in a charitybazaar held in Beijing International Club to help the aged Chinese in Beijing.The event demonstrated China's tradition of"respecting and caring for the aged,"and helped enhance relations be-tween the association of Former Diplomats of China,spouses of diplo-mats to China,and female diplomats. More than 40 embassies,international agencies and companies soldand/or donated goods.Dozens of domestic enterprises and institutions

  3. Grief: Helping Young Children Cope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Frances B.

    2008-01-01

    In their role as caregivers supporting the children they teach, it is important for teachers to understand the grieving process and recognize symptoms of grief. The author explains Elisabeth Kubler-Ross's five stages of grief and offers 10 classroom strategies to help young children cope with their feelings.

  4. Some Ways of Helping Underachievers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willings, David; Greenwood, Bill

    1990-01-01

    A program of intervention called therapeutic tutoring to help underachievers is described. Intervention centers around students' loci of control, through a process of identifying areas in which students feel empowered and relating academic experiences to these areas. Academic exercises based on Monopoly, cricket, rugby, soap operas, field hockey,…

  5. HELP: Healthy Early Literacy Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rader, Laura A.

    2008-01-01

    A daily intensive supplemental reading and writing program was developed to assist students who were: 1. identified with a language disability and 2. identified as at-risk for reading failure in an urban elementary school. The purpose of the program was to help these students understand and develop the connection between oral and written language…

  6. Help Me Remember My Meds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lines, Rachel M; Panther, Shannon G

    2016-01-01

    Nonadherence has led to increased health consequences and higher health care costs. A study surveyed subjects using either blister pack or a Philips Medication Dispenser machine to determine medication adherence. Although there is still a research gap associated with medication packaging, it has great potential to help patients who have difficulty managing their multiple medications.

  7. Enlisting Parents' Help with Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Ann P.

    1989-01-01

    A new national PTA kit, "Math Matters; Kids Are Counting on You," can help all parents make a difference in their children's education. Suggested home activities include doubling cookie recipes, surveying and graphing family ice cream flavor preferences, filling in football "stat" charts, and other tasks easily performed on a…

  8. Helping SBH Pupils with Handwriting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Elizabeth

    1979-01-01

    The article describes two cases of children (7- and 8 1/2-years-old) with spina bifida and hydrocephalus who participated in a research project to discover whether such children could make significant improvements in writing given appropriate help, and to produce an advisory booklet for teachers. (SBH)

  9. Hinder,More Than Help

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余习榜

    2008-01-01

    Ladies and gentlemen, I’m honoredto stand here on behalf of my school toshare my experiences and opinions withyou. Some people say that our mother ton-gue is of great help to our learning English.However, for my point of view, too muchuse of Chinese will definitely exert nega-tive effects and tend to hinder the learning

  10. A Helping Hand for SMEs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    An online credit platform set up by alibaba.com.cn opens a new loan channel for small and medium-sized enterprises in order to help them scale up Lin’an Ailun Electric Appliances Co. Ltd. (LAEA), established in 2001, is a small company with registered ca

  11. Unpaid help: who does what?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mirjam de Klerk; Alice de Boer; Sjoerd Kooiker; Peggy Schyns

    2015-01-01

    Original title: Informele hulp: wie doet er wat? There is currently a great deal of interest in the Netherlands in people’s reliance on their own networks in times of need. What can people do for each other when someone needs help because of health problems? And what are they already doing? In this

  12. Helping Your Child to Read.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foust, Betty Jean

    This booklet provides suggestions for parents in helping their children to learn how to read. The first section provides 34 suggestions and activities for parents to use with preschool children, such as reciting nursery rhymes, reading aloud, respecting the child's mood, and playing listening games. The second section offers 25 suggestions and…

  13. Motivational Maturity and Helping Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haymes, Michael; Green, Logan

    1977-01-01

    Maturity in conative development (type of motivation included in Maslow's needs hierarchy) was found to be predictive of helping behavior in middle class white male college students. The effects of safety and esteem needs were compared, and the acceptance of responsibility was also investigated. (GDC)

  14. Grief: Helping Young Children Cope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Frances B.

    2008-01-01

    In their role as caregivers supporting the children they teach, it is important for teachers to understand the grieving process and recognize symptoms of grief. The author explains Elisabeth Kubler-Ross's five stages of grief and offers 10 classroom strategies to help young children cope with their feelings.

  15. Helping Parents Address Their Child's Sexual Behavior Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiman, Marsha

    2001-01-01

    Describes a model for helping parents address their child's sexually inappropriate behavior. The model focuses on: supporting parents and facilitating their ability to accept their child's sexual problems, processing their affective and cognitive reactions, and devising a plan to help parents talk directly with their child about the sexually…

  16. CSIR helps prevent spontaneous combustion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vuuren, M. van (CSIR Energy Technology (South Africa))

    1992-03-01

    Heaps of stockpiled coal could present a fire hazard due to the risk of spontaneous combustion. Regular monitoring of stockpiles and bunker testing of coals help to prevent stockpile fires. This brief article describes the recent upgrading of the CSIR's bunker test facility that enables coal producers, users and exporters to test their products under simulated conditions that duplicate the actual conditions under which coal is stored. 2 photos.

  17. Motivational maturity and helping behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haymes, M; Green, L

    1977-12-01

    This study was undertaken to examine the independent influences of conative development (the Maslow needs hierarchy) upon behavioral aspects of prosocial orientations. It provides a behavioral demonstration of conative effects in a helping paradigm, among college-age men. A comparison of the conative data across the ages of 15-22 provided a cross-sectional view of conative development itself. Conative maturity was found to be predictive of greater helping among college-age men. Situational demands were demonstrated which tended to mask, but not override, these predispositional influences on helping. The cross-sectional data on conative development point to probable movement to early esteem concerns among high school men who have reached the conative level of love and belonging. On the other hand, the stability across the years of 15-22 of proportion of safety concerns suggests fixation of such concerns in those exhibiting them in high school. Results are discussed in terms of conative growth for development of prosocial orientations.

  18. 齐泽克是如何把马克思变成拉康的——基于齐泽克拜物教理论的分析%The way of Zizek altering Marx into Lacan ——based on the analysis of fetishism theory of Zizek

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玮杰; 何乐心

    2012-01-01

    The progress of Zizek altering Marx into Lacan was finished by the way of putting Marx' s fetishism theory into the view of ideology criticism, taking "image" and "symbol" over the "fetish mistake", replacing surplus- enjoyment with surplus value. In fact, the intrinsic cue is the expansion of the critical logic of fetish himself made by Zizek relying on Lacan, which is "the socialization of Lacan' s theory". So in Zizek' s view, the possibility of social changes means the end of historical evolution, and moves towards the real world of "night of world", with the character of circulation and repetition.%齐泽克将马克思拜物教理论纳入到意识形态批判的视域下并以"镜像"和"符号"接管"拜物误认"机制,用剩余快感替代剩余价值,从而完成了"马克思拉康化"历程。实际上这个过程的内在线索是齐泽克依托拉康所作的自身拜物批判逻辑的展开,即"拉康理论的社会化"。由此,在齐泽克视域下,社会变革的可能也就告别历史进化的视野而走向了循环重复的实在界之"世界之夜"。

  19. Substance and Subject under the Dimension of Psychoanalysis :On Lacan-Zizek's Proposition "Substance is Subject" Concurrently%精神分析维度中的实体和主体——论拉康-齐泽克的"实体即主体"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔明安

    2011-01-01

    @@ 与弗洛伊德一样,以拉康(J.Lacan)为代表的现代精神分析理论仍然是以无意识为研究对象的学说.拉康始终声称要"同到弗洛伊德",这表明拉康与弗洛伊德之间存在着密切的思想渊源关系.然而另一方面,拉康的思想体系中也渗透着浓重的黑格尔思想成分.

  20. The small breathing amplitude at the upper lobes favours the attraction of polymorphonuclear neutrophils to Mycobacterium tuberculosis lesions and helps to understand the evolution towards active disease in an individual-based model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pere-Joan eCardona

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb can induce two kinds of lesions, namely proliferative and exudative. The former are based on the presence of macrophages with controlled induction of intragranulomatous necrosis, and are even able to stop its physical progression, thus avoiding the induction of active tuberculosis (TB. In contrast, the most significant characteristic of exudative lesions is their massive infiltration with polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs, which favour enlargement of the lesions and extracellular growth of the bacilli. We have built an individual-based model (IBM (known as TBPATCH using the NetLogo interface to better understand the progression from Mtb infection to TB. We have tested four main factors previously identified as being able to favour the infiltration of Mtb-infected lesions with PMNs, namely the tolerability of infected macrophages to the bacillary load; the capacity to modulate the Th17 response; the breathing amplitude (large or small in the lower and upper lobes respectively, which influences bacillary drainage at the alveoli; and the encapsulation of Mtb-infected lesions by the interlobular septae that structure the pulmonary parenchyma into secondary lobes. Overall, although all the factors analysed play some role, the small breathing amplitude is the major factor determining whether Mtb-infected lesions become exudative, and thus induce TB, thereby helping to understand why this usually takes place in the upper lobes. This information will be very useful for the design of future prophylactic and therapeutic approaches against TB.

  1. Do Dogs Provide Information Helpfully?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotti, Patrizia; Kaminski, Juliane

    2016-01-01

    Dogs are particularly skilful during communicative interactions with humans. Dogs’ abilities to use human communicative cues in cooperative contexts outcompete those of other species, and might be the result of selection pressures during domestication. Dogs also produce signals to direct the attention of humans towards outside entities, a behaviour often referred to as showing behaviour. This showing behaviour in dogs is thought to be something dogs use intentionally and referentially. However, there is currently no evidence that dogs communicate helpfully, i.e. to inform an ignorant human about a target that is of interest to the human but not to the dog. Communicating with a helpful motive is particularly interesting because it might suggest that dogs understand the human’s goals and need for information. In study 1, we assessed whether dogs would abandon an object that they find interesting in favour of an object useful for their human partner, a random novel distractor, or an empty container. Results showed that it was mainly self-interest that was driving the dogs’ behaviour. The dogs mainly directed their behaviour towards the object they had an interest in, but dogs were more persistent when showing the object relevant to the human, suggesting that to some extent they took the humans interest into account. Another possibility is that dogs’ behaviour was driven by an egocentric motivation to interact with novel targets and that the dogs’ neophila might have masked their helpful tendencies. Therefore, in study 2 the dogs had initial access to both objects, and were expected to indicate only one (relevant or distractor). The human partner interacted with the dog using vocal communication in half of the trials, and remaining silent in the other half. Dogs from both experimental groups, i.e. indicating the relevant object or indicating the distractor, established joint attention with the human. However, the human’s vocal communication and the presence

  2. Music Therapy Helps Preemie Babies Thrive

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160627.html Music Therapy Helps Preemie Babies Thrive Mom's singing helps ... of over a dozen clinical trials, found that music therapy helped stabilize premature newborns' breathing rate during ...

  3. REACHING THE COMPUTING HELP DESK

    CERN Multimedia

    Miguel MARQUINA; Roger WOOLNOUGH; IT/User Support

    1999-01-01

    The way to contact the Computing Help Desk (also known as 'UCO' and hosted by IT Division as an entry point for general computing issues) has been streamlined in order to facilitate access to it. A new telephone line and email address have been set: Phone number: 78888Email: Helpdesk@cern.chhopefully easier to remember. Both entries are operational since last December. The previous number and email address remain valid and have been turned into aliases of the above. However we encourage using the latter at your convenience from now on. For additional information please see the article published at the CERN Computing Newsletter 233:http://consult.cern.ch/cnl/233/art_uco.htmlDo not hesitate to contact us (by email to User.Relations@cern.ch) for additional information or feedback regarding this matter.Nicole Cremel, Miguel Marquina, Roger WoolnoughIT/UserSupport

  4. REACHING THE COMPUTING HELP DESK

    CERN Multimedia

    Miguel Marquina

    2000-01-01

    You may find it useful to glue the information below, e.g. near/at your computer, for those occasions when access to computer services is not possible. It presents the way to contact the Computing Help Desk (hosted by IT Division as an entry point for general computing issues). Do not hesitate to contact us (by email to User.Relations@cern.ch) for additional information or feedback regarding this matter.Your contact for general computing problems or queriesPhone number:(+41 22 76) 78888Opening Hours:From Monday to Friday 8:30-17:30Email:Helpdesk@cern.chWeb:http://consult.cern.ch/service/helpdeskMiguel MarquinaIT Division/UserSupport

  5. Attitude and help-seeking for hearing impairment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    vandenBrink, RHS; Wit, HP; Kempen, GIJM; vanHeuvelen, MJG

    1996-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate help-seeking for hearing impairment in the elderly, and to compare groups showing dissimilar help-seeking on their attitude toward hearing loss and hearing aids. Attitude factors were based on a revised version of the Health Belief Model, and included

  6. 拉康的凝视理论与个体的主体性建构——以娄烨电影《推拿》为例%Lacan's Gaze Theory and the Construction of Individual Subjectivity——Taking Lou Ye's Blind Messageas an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明明

    2015-01-01

    In the seminar of his later years, Lacan proposed the real and gaze theory which was interpreted by Zizek who considered that the theory shew Lacan's gaze in returning to the real but didn't give sufficient argument to the individual subjectivity in it. Taking Lou Ye's Blind Messageas an example, and in analyzing the narrative analysisof its virtual lenses, it reconstructs the individual subjectivity which merely exists in the real.%拉康提出了关于实在界和凝视的理论,齐泽克对此进行了读解,认为拉康重返实在界的凝视,并未充分论及实在界中个体的主体性.以娄烨电影《推拿》中的虚焦镜头的叙事分析为例,来重新建构出只能存在于实在界中的个体主体性.

  7. Helpful Statistics in Recognizing Basic Arabic Phonemes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed O.M. Khelifa

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The recognition of continuous speech is one of the main challenges in the building of automatic speech recognition (ASR systems, especially when it comes to phonetically complex languages such as Arabic. An ASR system seems to be actually in a blocked alley. Nearly all solutions follow the same general model. The previous research focused on enhancing its performance by incorporating supplementary features. This paper is part of ongoing research efforts aimed at developing a high-performance Arabic speech recognition system for learning and teaching purposes. It investigates a statistical analysis of certain distinctive features of the basic Arabic phonemes which seems helpful in enhancing the performance of a baseline HMM-based ASR system. The statistics are collected using a particular Arabic speech database, which involves ten different male speakers and more than eight hours of speech which covers all Arabic phonemes. In HMM modeling framework, the statistics provided are helpful in establishing the appropriate number of HMM states for each phoneme and they can also be utilized as an initial condition for the EM estimation procedure, which generally, accelerates the estimation process and, thus, improves the performance of the system. The obtained findings are presented and possible applications of automatic speech recognition and speaker identification systems are also suggested.

  8. Helping Those in Need: Human Service Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffat, Colleen Teixeira

    2011-01-01

    Many people experience hardship and need help. This help is provided by a network of agencies and organizations, both public and private. Staffed by human service workers, this network, and the kinds of help it offers, is as varied as the clients it serves. Human service workers help clients become more self-sufficient. The first section of this…

  9. Water Footprint: Help or Hindrance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Kumar Chapagain

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In response to increasing concerns about pressures on global water resources, researchers have developed a range of water footprint concepts and tools. These have been deployed for a variety of purposes by businesses, governments and NGOs. A debate has now emerged about the value, and the shortcomings of using water footprint tools to support better water resources management. This paper tracks the evolution of the water footprint concept from its inception in the 1990s and reviews major applications of water footprint tools, including those by the private sector. The review suggests that water footprint assessments have been an effective means of raising awareness of global water challenges among audiences 'outside the water box' including decision makers in industry and government. Water footprint applications have also proved to be useful for the assessment of strategic corporate risks relating to water scarcity and pollution. There is evidence that these applications may help to motivate economically important stakeholders to contribute to joint efforts to mitigate shared water-related risks, although there have been few examples to date of such approaches leading to tangible improvements in water resources management at the local and river basin scales. Water footprint assessments have so far had limited influence on the development or implementation of improved public policy for water resources management and there is reason to believe that water footprint approaches may be a distraction in this context. Suggestions that international trade and economic development frameworks might be amended in light of global water footprint assessments have not yet been articulated coherently. Nevertheless, if used carefully, water footprint tools could contribute to better understanding of the connections between water use, economic development, business practice and social and environmental risks. In light of the review, a set of 'golden rules' is

  10. Circuit Lower Bounds, Help Functions, and the Remote Point Problem

    CERN Document Server

    Arvind, Vikraman

    2009-01-01

    We investigate the power of Algebraic Branching Programs (ABPs) augmented with help polynomials, and constant-depth Boolean circuits augmented with help functions. We relate the problem of proving explicit lower bounds in both these models to the Remote Point Problem (introduced by Alon, Panigrahy, and Yekhanin (RANDOM '09)). More precisely, proving lower bounds for ABPs with help polynomials is related to the Remote Point Problem w.r.t. the rank metric, and for constant-depth circuits with help functions it is related to the Remote Point Problem w.r.t. the Hamming metric. For algebraic branching programs with help polynomials with some degree restrictions we show exponential size lower bounds for explicit polynomials.

  11. Emotional Sentence Annotation Helps Predict Fiction Genre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samothrakis, Spyridon; Fasli, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Fiction, a prime form of entertainment, has evolved into multiple genres which one can broadly attribute to different forms of stories. In this paper, we examine the hypothesis that works of fiction can be characterised by the emotions they portray. To investigate this hypothesis, we use the work of fictions in the Project Gutenberg and we attribute basic emotional content to each individual sentence using Ekman's model. A time-smoothed version of the emotional content for each basic emotion is used to train extremely randomized trees. We show through 10-fold Cross-Validation that the emotional content of each work of fiction can help identify each genre with significantly higher probability than random. We also show that the most important differentiator between genre novels is fear.

  12. Can Stem Cell 'Patch' Help Heart Failure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_164475.html Can Stem Cell 'Patch' Help Heart Failure? Small improvement seen over ... Scientists report another step in the use of stem cells to help treat people with debilitating heart failure. ...

  13. Would Weaker Beer Help Reduce Alcohol's Harms?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160387.html Would Weaker Beer Help Reduce Alcohol's Harms? Researchers say drinkers wouldn' ... 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Lowering the alcohol content in beer and other drinks may help reduce their harmful ...

  14. 'Medical Tattoos' Help Hide Surgical Scars

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161132.html 'Medical Tattoos' Help Hide Surgical Scars Pigments can restore more ... scars from cancer surgeries may benefit from "medical tattoos" that can help restore some of the skin's ...

  15. Brief Intervention Helps Adolescents Curb Substance Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Helps Adolescents Curb Substance Use Brief Intervention Helps Adolescents Curb Substance Use Email Facebook Twitter Two hour- ... School, in Minneapolis, conducted the trial with 315 adolescent and parent/caregiver pairs. Their findings strengthen evidence, ...

  16. Preventing Falls: Great Help for Older Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page please turn JavaScript on. Feature: Falls and Older Adults Great Help for Older Americans ... on National Pepper Center website. Read More "Preventing Falls" Articles Preventing Falls / Great Help for Older Adults / ...

  17. Sociological perspectives on self-help groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adamsen, L; Rasmussen, J M

    2001-01-01

    AIM: The paper discusses two themes: first, professional involvement in self-help groups and secondly, sociological evidence on self-help groups in postmodern society. BACKGROUND: Self-help groups are a growing phenomenon across national borders and social/political systems. They affect the indiv...

  18. Military, Family, and Community Networks Helping with Reintegration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    Limitations Ideally we would want to show that this type of network model can actually help troops, Veterans and their families reintegrate more smoothly...08-2-0655 TITLE: Military, Family, and Community Networks Helping with Reintegration PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Dr. Laurie Slone... Reintegration Dartmouth College Hanover, NH 03755 Dr. Laurie Slone A community based network to assist with the reintegration of service members and their

  19. Does Generic Advertising Help or Hurt Brand Advertising?

    OpenAIRE

    Suh, Daeseok; Chung, Chanjin

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the generic advertising helps or hurts the brand advertising within the differentiated product environments. We develop an analytical model that includes both generic and brand advertising expenditures considering vertical product differentiation. Then the analysis is devoted to examine how marginal effects of expenditure affect each other under product differentiation. To help examine the relationship, we also include a new variable, the de...

  20. How Configuration Management Helps Projects Innovate and Communicate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cioletti, Louis A.; Guidry, Carla F.

    2009-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the concept of Configuration Management (CM) and compares it to the standard view of Project management (PM). It presents two PM models: (1) Kepner-Tregoe,, and the Deming models, describes why projects fail, and presents methods of how CM helps projects innovate and communicate.

  1. The Relational Antecedents of Interpersonal Helping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stea, Diego; Pedersen, Torben; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2017-01-01

    networks are also associated with cognitive costs, which may reduce the focal employee's ability to both recognize the need for help and engage in helping behaviours. For these reasons, the authors assert an inverted U-shaped relation between the size of an ego's social network and engagement in helping......Having a large network of colleagues means having several opportunities to help those colleagues, as well as a higher chance of receiving requests for help from them. Employees with large networks are therefore expected to help more in the workplace than those with small networks. However, large...... and the beneficiaries of help. Analysis of employee-level, single-firm data supports these ideas, providing preliminary evidence that quality of relationship compensates for the difficulties that may arise from having large social networks....

  2. Parasites may help stabilize cooperative relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Little Ainslie EF

    2009-06-01

    simulations support our empirical results by confirming that a purely cooperative strategy, which is unsuccessful in the classic IPD model, becomes stable when parasites are included. Conclusion Here we suggest, and provide evidence for, parasitism being an external force that has the potential to help stabilize cooperation by aligning the selfish interests of cooperative partners in opposition to a common enemy. Specifically, our empirical results and IPD simulations suggest that when two mutualists share a common enemy selection can favor cooperation over cheating, which may help explain the evolutionary stability of some mutualisms.

  3. 他者的侵凌与自我的毁灭--残雪小说的拉康式解读%Invasion of O thers and Self Destruction:Interpretation of Can Xue's Novels from the Perspective of Lacan's Theories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小露

    2016-01-01

    残雪小说中始终存在着自我与他者的二元对立结构:自我的建构总是受到他人的制约,自我往往由于摆脱不了他者的入侵而走向异化或毁灭,这与拉康关于自我与他者关系的论述不谋而合。文章借助拉康的镜像论、凝视论、他者论来解读残雪小说中自我与他者的悖论关系,旨在通过对小说中这一基本关系的分析,透视其中所展现的人与人之间的本质冲突以及由此带来的人的自我的毁灭。%In Can Xue's novels ,the dual structure between self and others always exists .The characters'self construction is always restricted by the others .The individuals often can not get away from the invasion of others and tend toward alienation or destruction .In this respect ,Can Xue's novels have similarities with Lacan's point of view on self and others .In this paper ,the paradox of self and others in Can Xue's novels is interpreted by using Lacan's theories of Mirror ,Gaze and Otherness ,thus re‐vealing the essential conflict among people and the characters'self destruction in the novels .

  4. La psicosis, de Freud a Lacan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Szpilka

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available Si la psicosis interesa al psicoanalista desde sus inicios, le interesa desde un lugar de deuda. Deuda tanto por la posibilidad de delimitar una teoría ajustada que permita una adecuada discriminación con los mecanismos neuróticos, y deuda desde que resulta parcialmente la cuestión de la teoría queda, sin embargo, en pie la problemática del abordaje terapéutico que articulado a dicha teoría permita una intervención adecuada

  5. Culture, Truth, and Science After Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillett, Grant

    2015-12-01

    Truth and knowledge are conceptually related and there is a way of construing both that implies that they cannot be solely derived from a description that restricts itself to a set of scientific facts. In the first section of this essay, I analyse truth as a relation between a praxis, ways of knowing, and the world. In the second section, I invoke the third thing-the objective reality on which we triangulate as knowing subjects for the purpose of complex scientific endeavours like medical science and clinical care. Such praxes develop robust methods of "keeping in touch" with disease and illness (like biomarkers). An analysis drawing on philosophical semantics motivates the needed (anti-scientistic) account of meaning and truth (and therefore knowledge) and underpins the following argument: (i) the formulation and dissemination of knowledge rests on language; (ii) language is selective in what it represents in any given situation; (iii) the praxes of a given (sub)culture are based on this selectivity; but (iv) human health and illness involve whole human beings in a human life-world; therefore, (v) medical knowledge should reflectively transcend, where required, biomedical science towards a more inclusive view. Parts three and four argue that a post-structuralist (Lacanian) account of the human subject can avoid both scientism and idealism or unconstrained relativism.

  6. Notes Towards a Phenomenological Reading of Lacan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    lacks motor-control and co-ordination, and thus experiences itself as ... motor and perceptual abilities in the child. Because it .... would describe imaginary functioning and is in many ..... In his leisure time he does yoga and is learning German.

  7. Integrating self-help books into psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Linda F; Smith, Thomas P

    2003-02-01

    This article describes a systematic and integral method of incorporating self-help books into psychotherapy as a collaborative function. We address the distinctions between self-help and bibliotherapy, consider bibliotherapy as adjunctive or integrative to psychotherapy, and outline the multiple uses of bibliotherapy for clinical purposes. How to apply self-help books in psychotherapy and ways to select books are illustrated by a case example. Indications and contraindications for bibliotherapy in therapy are outlined.

  8. Formal home help services and institutionalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yamada, Yukari; Siersma, Volkert; Avlund, Kirsten

    2012-01-01

    per week during the first 18 months after baseline was not associated with an increased risk of institutionalization during the study period among those with physical or mental decline. Receiving public home help services was a strong indicator for institutionalization in Denmark. Receiving small...... amounts of home help and experiencing physical or mental decline was not associated with higher hazard for institutionalization compared with those who received no help....

  9. Anticipated Guilt for not Helping and Anticipated Warm Glow for Helping are Differently Impacted by Personal Responsibility to Help

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arvid Erlandsson

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available One important motivation for people behaving prosocially is that they want to avoid negative and obtain positive emotions. In the prosocial behavior literature however, the motivations to avoid negative emotions (e.g. guilt and to approach positive emotions (e.g. warm glow are rarely separated, and sometimes even aggregated into a single mood-management construct. The aim of this study was to investigate whether anticipated guilt if not helping and anticipated warm glow if helping are influenced similarly or differently when varying situational factors related to personal responsibility to help. Helping scenarios were created and pilot tests established that each helping scenario could be formulated both in a high-responsibility version and in a low-responsibility version. In Study 1 participants read high-responsibility and low-responsibility helping scenarios, and rated either their anticipated guilt if not helping or their anticipated warm glow if helping (i.e. separate evaluation. Study 2 was similar but here participants rated both their anticipated guilt if not helping and their anticipated warm glow if helping (i.e. joint evaluation. Anticipated guilt was clearly higher in the high-responsibility versions, but anticipated warm glow was unaffected (in Studies 1a and 1b, or even higher in the low-responsibility versions (Study 2. In Studies 3 (where anticipated guilt and warm glow were evaluated separately and 4 (where they were evaluated jointly, personal responsibility to help was manipulated within-subjects. Anticipated guilt was again constantly higher in the high-responsibility versions but for many types of responsibility-manipulations, anticipated warm glow was higher in the low-responsibility versions. The results suggest that we anticipate guilt if not fulfilling our responsibility but that we anticipate warm glow primarily when doing over and beyond our responsibility. We argue that future studies investigating motivations for

  10. Children's Recognition of Pride and Guilt as Consequences of Helping and Not Helping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shorr, David N.; McClelland, Stephen E.

    1998-01-01

    Investigated the relationship between young children's age and their recognition that helping or choosing not to help can cause feelings of pride or guilt. Found age differences in identifying helping-action or inaction as causes, but little support for the hypothesis that identification of guilt as a consequence of not helping would…

  11. Children's Recognition of Pride and Guilt as Consequences of Helping and Not Helping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shorr, David N.; McClelland, Stephen E.

    1998-01-01

    Investigated the relationship between young children's age and their recognition that helping or choosing not to help can cause feelings of pride or guilt. Found age differences in identifying helping-action or inaction as causes, but little support for the hypothesis that identification of guilt as a consequence of not helping would…

  12. Helping Your Child Deal with Death

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to tell you. Grandma died today." Pause to give your child a moment to take in your words. Listen and comfort. Every child ... being together helps people start to feel better." Give your child a role. ... if they want to take part, and how. Help your child remember the ...

  13. Helping and Cooperation in Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebal, Kristin; Colombi, Costanza; Rogers, Sally J.; Warneken, Felix; Tomasello, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Helping and cooperation are central to human social life. Here, we report two studies investigating these social behaviors in children with autism and children with developmental delay. In the first study, both groups of children helped the experimenter attain her goals. In the second study, both groups of children cooperated with an adult, but…

  14. Helping Behavior in Multinational Executive Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mors, Marie Louise; Miller, Stewart; McDonald, Michael

    This study develops a framework that draws upon the socio-psychology and network literatures to explain helping behavior in an executive’s multinational network. Focusing on executives' perceptions of willingness to help, we examine network structure (geographic and organizational boundaries), st...

  15. Helping Behavior in Executives' Global Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Stewart; Mors, Marie Louise; McDonald, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on research on helping behavior in networks at the upper echelons, we develop and test theory about helping behavior in senior executive networks. We examine the location and relational dependence of the network contact. Our results reveal that executives are more likely to perceive insid...

  16. School Helping Students Deal with Loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In the aftermath of a natural disaster, schools may need to plan to address the suffering and loss of many. These Guidance Notes discuss five areas in which schools can help students cope with loss: (1) Fostering Resiliency; (2) Facilitating and Fostering Social Ties and Resources; (3) Stages of Grieving; (4) Helping Students Deal with Loss; and…

  17. Helping Young Children in Frightening Times.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young Children, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Presents ways parents and other adults can help young children deal with tragedy and violence in the wake of terrorist attacks on the United States. Suggests giving reassurance and physical comfort, providing structure and stability, expecting a range of reactions, helping children to talk if they are ready, turning off the television, and…

  18. Signaling for Help. PAM Repeater, No. 56.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ensign, Arselia S., Ed.

    Signaling devices can help individuals with disabilities call for help, see and feel sound, and monitor what is happening in another room. This pamphlet describes signaling devices within the following categories: emergency, telephone, doorbell, smoke and fire, baby cry and room monitor, light and vibrating, security, wake-up, and child monitor…

  19. Helping Elementary Teachers Understand Children and Divorce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrymak, Marilyn J.; Smart, Laura S.

    1984-01-01

    Describes a workshop designed to help elementary teachers understand the recent literature on the effects of divorce on children and help the children through the crisis. Indicates that secondary home economics teachers may have to deal with students who have not adjusted to divorce. (JOW)

  20. Helping Adolescents in Crisis: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton-Obaid, Beatrice

    1989-01-01

    Addresses problem of adolescent suicide by developing five stages (suicidal signs, establishing rapport, making referral, constructive actions, and self-management) that may be used to help adolescents in distress. Uses five stages in case study to demonstrate the roles played by teacher, friend, and parents in helping adolescent through a crisis.…

  1. Servant Leadership: Teaching the Helping Professional

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, Joyce W.; Thompson, Karen C.; Hawkins, Julie R.

    2015-01-01

    Robert Greenleaf's principles of servant leadership are relevant to the helping professions, including empowerment and development of others, service to others, and open and participatory leadership. The study of servant leadership was infused into an undergraduate senior capstone experience (an internship) for emerging helping professionals…

  2. Factors Influencing Psychological Help Seeking in Adults: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topkaya, Nursel

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the current research is to identify which factors, and in what direction these factors influence adults' decisions to seek psychological help for their personal problems. The research was designed as a phenomenology model; the data was gathered through the semi-structured interview technique, which is mostly used in qualitative research…

  3. Digital Peers to Help Children's Text Comprehension and Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yanghee

    2013-01-01

    Affable Reading Tutor (ART) is an online reading lesson designed for children who are starting to comprehend reading. A digital, human-like character (virtual peer) in ART serves as a peer model that demonstrates the use of the reading comprehension strategy called "questioning" to help improve the learners' comprehension of expository…

  4. Is parental emotional reliability predictive of toddlers' learning and helping?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooker, Ivy; Poulin-Dubois, Diane

    2013-06-01

    This study set out to examine how toddlers' word learning, imitation, and instrumental helping would be affected by the emotional reliability of a familiar model. Therefore, forty-two 24-month-olds were observed in interactions with their primary caregiver, who was evaluated on the quality of his or her sensitive behavior, such as responsiveness and emotional availability. Parents were first instructed how to administer different tasks to their child that included: teaching a novel word, demonstrating an "irrational" means of putting a dog inside a toy house through the chimney instead of the door, and appearing in need of help. The parent-child dyad was then observed during a 10-min period and the parent's level of responsiveness and availability was subsequently coded from this interaction. Finally, children were examined as to whether they learned a novel word, imitated, and helped their caregiver. It was observed that toddlers learned novel words better from an emotionally reliable primary caregiver. In addition, higher parental responsiveness and availability predicted better imitation in older children and higher levels of helping in girls. Taken together, these findings are the first to suggest that the emotional reliability of a familiar model, such as a parent's sensitive nature and consistent responsiveness, influences young children's willingness to learn and help.

  5. [Helping people is beautiful: an inquiry into the aesthetic consciousness of the helping profession].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shane

    2013-08-01

    This article addresses the helping profession as an art. The author uses an art philosophy perspective to review the phenomenon and meaning of the helping profession as "art" and addresses several questions. These questions include: What category or categories of art best define the helping profession? Can the process and / or results of helping be appreciated as works of art? What is the value of treating the helping profession as an art form? The purpose of this article is to expand knowledge regarding the aesthetic nature of the helping profession.

  6. Elderly care recipients’ perceptions of treatment helpfulness for depression and the relationship with help-seeking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Joanna; Naismith, Sharon L; Luscombe, Georgina M; Hickie, Ian B

    2015-01-01

    Objective This study aims to examine perceptions of the helpfulness of treatments/interventions for depression held by elderly care recipients, to examine whether these beliefs are related to help-seeking and whether the experience of depression affects beliefs about treatment seeking, and to identify the characteristics of help-seekers. Method One hundred eighteen aged care recipients were surveyed on their beliefs about the helpfulness of a variety of treatments/interventions for depression, on their actual help-seeking behaviors, and on their experience of depression (current and past). Results From the sample, 32.4% of the participants screened positive for depression on the Geriatric Depression Scale, and of these, 24.2% reported receiving treatment. Respondents believed the most helpful treatments for depression were increasing physical activity, counseling, and antidepressant medication. Help-seeking from both professional and informal sources appeared to be related to belief in the helpfulness of counseling and antidepressants; in addition, help-seeking from informal sources was also related to belief in the helpfulness of sleeping tablets and reading self-help books. In univariate analyses, lower levels of cognitive impairment and being in the two lower age tertiles predicted a greater likelihood of help-seeking from professional sources, and female sex and being in the lower two age tertiles predicted greater likelihood of help-seeking from informal sources. In multivariate analyses, only lower levels of cognitive impairment remained a significant predictor of help-seeking from professional sources, whereas both lower age and female sex continued to predict a greater likelihood of help-seeking from informal sources. Conclusion Beliefs in the helpfulness of certain treatments were related to the use of both professional and informal sources of help, indicating the possibility that campaigns or educational programs aimed at changing beliefs about treatments

  7. Depression: FDA-Approved Medications May Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Products For Consumers Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Depression: FDA-Approved Medications May Help Share Tweet Linkedin ... symptoms in some people. back to top Diagnosing Depression Diagnosis—which should be from a health care ...

  8. Smoking - Medicines to Help You Quit

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women Smoking - Medicines To Help You Quit Share Tweet Linkedin ... associated with the use of the medicine. Quit Smoking Tips Quit Smoking… for yourself and for those ...

  9. Helpful Contacts - Agency List By Topic

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A database of agencies listed by state and topic to provide you with contact information for specific organizations or help you get answers to your Medicare related...

  10. Practical-theological facilitation as skilled helping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmo Pienaar

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article discussed the idea of skilled helping in relation to what has been put forward as practical theological facilitation. It has been argued that various helping relationships, amongst which the author refers to coaching, facilitation, and therapy has more in common than what differentiates them if epistemology is viewed as a unifying concept. As such the scope of practical theology in terms of the contexts and themes in which it might be involved is said to widen. The public dimension of the organisational context, more so than the congregational context, has been put forward as an important habitus of practical-theological facilitation. The organisational involvement of the practical-theological facilitator in terms of professional-vocational skilled helping takes on an actual role through facilitation and other helping modalities.

  11. Helping your child understand a cancer diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... patientinstructions/000844.htm Helping your child understand a cancer diagnosis To use the sharing features on this page, ... games. References American Cancer Society. Children Diagnosed With Cancer: Dealing With Diagnosis (Ways to improve coping). Updated October 9, 2014. ...

  12. Depression--Medicines To Help You

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women Depression--Medicines To Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... medicines for depression. Important Warnings about Medicines for Depression Children and teens who take antidepressants may be ...

  13. Hospital Protocol Helps Thwart Serious Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_165911.html Hospital Protocol Helps Thwart Serious Infection Study finds faster ... News) -- A new regulation requires New York state hospitals to follow a protocol to rapidly diagnosis and ...

  14. Fruit Flies Help Human Sleep Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Fruit Flies Help Human Sleep Research Past Issues / Summer 2007 ... courtesy of NIGMS Neuroscientist Chiara Cirelli uses experimental fruit flies to study sleep. Although it may be tough ...

  15. Migration Helps Spread Bird Flu Worldwide

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161473.html Migration Helps Spread Bird Flu Worldwide Scientists recommend keeping ... birds can spread bird flu worldwide and monitoring migration routes could provide early warning of outbreaks, researchers ...

  16. Help Protect Babies from Whooping Cough

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Emails CDC Features Help Protect Babies from Whooping Cough Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... few even die from the disease. Understanding Whooping Cough Vaccines: DTaP and Tdap Two vaccines in the ...

  17. Brisk Walk May Help Sidestep Heart Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fullstory_162978.html Brisk Walk May Help Sidestep Heart Disease In just 10 weeks, cholesterol, blood pressure and ... at moderate intensity may lower the risk of heart disease, a small study suggests. "We know walking is ...

  18. Finally, Proof That Hearing Aids Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... news/fullstory_163889.html Finally, Proof That Hearing Aids Help High-quality digital devices provide 'significant benefit' ... but solid evidence about the value of hearing aids has been lacking -- until now. New research findings " ...

  19. HIV and AIDS: Medicines to Help You

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... by Audience For Women Free Publications HIV and AIDS--Medicines to Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... HIV treatment. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV stands for H uman I mmunodeficiency V ...

  20. Beating Depression …Help Is Available

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Beating Depression …Help Is Available Past Issues / Summer 2007 Table ... treatments are available from your physician. Types of Depression Just like other illnesses, such as heart disease, ...

  1. High Cholesterol: Medicines to Help You

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women High Cholesterol--Medicines To Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... side effects for each drug, check Drugs@FDA . Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors Brand Name Generic Name Zetia Ezetimibe ...

  2. Pneumonia Can Be Prevented -- Vaccines Can Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... What's this? Submit Button Past Emails CDC Features Pneumonia Can Be Prevented—Vaccines Can Help Language: English ... treatment (like antibiotics and antivirals). Save the Date: Pneumonia Twitter Chat on November 15 CDC experts will ...

  3. Are There Treatments That Can Help Me?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... circuits involved in tinnitus. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). This technique, which uses a small device placed ... brains of people with epilepsy. Preliminary trials of rTMS in humans, funded by the NIDCD, are helping ...

  4. Helping a Child Manage a Chronic Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160011.html Helping a Child Manage a Chronic Illness Feeling they have control over their ... News) -- Children and teens who feel confident handling a chronic illness on their own appear better able ...

  5. Helping Your Child Who is Overweight

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... often. If you do visit a fast-food restaurant, encourage your child to choose healthier options, such ... jungle gym at the playground or joining a sports team or dance class. Help your child find ...

  6. Registries Help Moms Measure Medication Risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Registries Help Inform Medication Use in Pregnancy Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it ... or epilepsy, pregnant women must often take prescription medication. Studies show that most women take at least ...

  7. Could the 'Mediterranean' Diet Help Prevent ADHD?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 163317.html Could the 'Mediterranean' Diet Help Prevent ADHD? There's no solid proof, but encouraging healthy eating ... good" fats -- may be less likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a small study suggests. Research on 120 ...

  8. How to Help a Child Who's Cyberbullied

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 25 percent of American children and teens experience cyberbullying, but there are ways parents can help their children, a criminology and bullying expert says. Cyberbullying is intentional harassment, humiliation or ...

  9. The Relationship between Substance Abuse Performance Measures and Mutual Help Group Participation after Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strickler, Gail K; Reif, Sharon; Horgan, Constance M; Acevedo, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    We examined the relationship between treatment quality, using during-treatment process measures, and mutual help group (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous) attendance after outpatient substance use disorder (SUD) treatment for 739 clients in the Alcohol and Drug Services Study. Logistic regression models estimated any and regular mutual help attendance after treatment. Clients referred to mutual help groups were significantly more likely to attend any mutual help after treatment. Results were mixed for facility offered mutual help groups; treatment engagement and retention were not significant. These findings offer treatment providers further evidence of the importance of referring clients to post-treatment mutual help groups, an effective, low-cost option.

  10. Asking for Help: A Relational Perspective on Help Seeking in the Workplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Rijt, Janine; Van den Bossche, Piet; van de Wiel, Margje W. J.; De Maeyer, Sven; Gijselaers, Wim H.; Segers, Mien S. R.

    2013-01-01

    In the context of the complexity of today's organizations, help seeking behavior is considered as an important step to problem solving and learning in organizations. Yet, help seeking has received less attention in organizational literature. To increase the potential impact of help seeking on learning, it is essential to understand which…

  11. Help-Seeking and Help-Giving for Teen Dating Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisz, Arlene N.; Black, Beverly M.

    2009-01-01

    This article is based on numerous research projects conducted by the authors on adolescent dating violence. It reviews the results of those projects as they relate to how teens seek help for dating violence and how teens provide help to their friends in violent dating relationships. It concludes with helpful strategies for adults who work with…

  12. Making Stars … With a Little Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2015-11-01

    in all cases, the presence of external pressure causes the star formation rates to be significantly higher than in the cases with no feedback. For galaxies that contain a high gas fraction, this difference is especially pronounced at early times; the external pressure causes gas to fragment into clumps that are dense enough to form stars much sooner than in the absence of pressure.Bieri and collaborators also track the mass entering and leaving the galactic disk during the simulation. When external pressure is present, it drives a large net mass inflow at the beginning of the simulation, carrying in material from the halo and outer disk. This early source of mass helps to feed cloud and clump growth in the inner parts of the galaxy contributing to the increased star formation rate in the pressurized cases.Thus, this simple model has demonstrated that enhanced pressure due to AGN feedback is an effective means of explaining the large star formation rates we observe in high-redshift galaxies.CitationRebekka Bieri et al 2015 ApJ 812 L36. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/812/2/L36

  13. Design should help use of patients' data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyatt, J C; Wright, P

    1998-10-24

    Checklists and other tools help doctors to use published evidence in clinical practice. Two other important sources of evidence, however, are the patient and his or her medical record. This series aims to advance the practice of evidence-based medicine by helping in redesign of medical records, drawing on insights from psychology, information design, and medical informatics; and by promoting changes analogous to those occurring in the medical literature. The four papers look at: the uses of medical records and importance of organising them so doctors can use the data they contain; different methods doctors use to search for data and how design of records can help or hinder these approaches; how we interpret data once found, and how record formatting assists this process; and the issues raised by computerisation of records.

  14. Elderly care recipients’ perceptions of treatment helpfulness for depression and the relationship with help-seeking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atkins J

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Joanna Atkins,1 Sharon L Naismith,1 Georgina M Luscombe,2 Ian B Hickie1 1Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 2School of Rural Health, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Orange, NSW, Australia Objective: This study aims to examine perceptions of the helpfulness of treatments/interventions for depression held by elderly care recipients, to examine whether these beliefs are related to help-seeking and whether the experience of depression affects beliefs about treatment seeking, and to identify the characteristics of help-seekers. Method: One hundred eighteen aged care recipients were surveyed on their beliefs about the helpfulness of a variety of treatments/interventions for depression, on their actual help-seeking behaviors, and on their experience of depression (current and past. Results: From the sample, 32.4% of the participants screened positive for depression on the Geriatric Depression Scale, and of these, 24.2% reported receiving treatment. Respondents believed the most helpful treatments for depression were increasing physical activity, counseling, and antidepressant medication. Help-seeking from both professional and informal sources appeared to be related to belief in the helpfulness of counseling and antidepressants; in addition, help-seeking from informal sources was also related to belief in the helpfulness of sleeping tablets and reading self-help books. In univariate analyses, lower levels of cognitive impairment and being in the two lower age tertiles predicted a greater likelihood of help-seeking from professional sources, and female sex and being in the lower two age tertiles predicted greater likelihood of help-seeking from informal sources. In multivariate analyses, only lower levels of cognitive impairment remained a significant predictor of help-seeking from professional sources, whereas both lower age and female sex continued to predict a greater likelihood of help

  15. Helping through touch: The embodiment of caring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peloquin, S M

    1989-12-01

    There is a power to touch, and a magic. Some call it mystery. The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the various meanings and uses of touch, particularly within the context of relationship and helping. There will be no attempt to formulate a protocol for touch or to lay claim to a definitive meaning for touch. Reflection about touch may instead clarify some of its meanings and dynamics while encouraging care providers to embrace the experience of helping-through-touch. This paper supports a considered use of empathie touch because of its power and its ability to embody care.

  16. Cost analysis helps evaluate contract profitability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sides, R W

    2000-02-01

    A cost-accounting analysis can help group practices assess their costs of doing business and determine the profitability of managed care contracts. Group practices also can use cost accounting to develop budgets and financial benchmarks. To begin a cost analysis, group practices need to determine their revenue and cost centers. Then they can allocate their costs to each center, using an appropriate allocation basis. The next step is to calculate costs per procedure. The results can be used to evaluate operational cost efficiency as well as help negotiate managed care contracts.

  17. Responses to Change Helping People Make Transitions

    CERN Document Server

    (CCL), Center for Creative Leadership

    2011-01-01

    The ongoing state of many organizations is one of change. People who experience major change tend to exhibit one of four patterns of response: entrenched, overwhelmed, poser, or learner. As a leader, you need to understand the patterns of response that people express and to customize intervention strategies to help them make the transition. People can pass through a given response stage and move to one that is more effective--especially if you provide timely intervention and support. This guidebook will help you understand how people, including yourself, are responding to change and what you c

  18. Seeking Help From Everyone and No-One: Conceptualizing the Online Help-Seeking Process Among Adolescent Males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Best, Paul; Gil-Rodriguez, Elena; Manktelow, Roger; Taylor, Brian J

    2016-07-01

    Online help-seeking is an emerging trend within the 21st century. Yet, despite some movement toward developing online services, little is known about how young people locate, access, and receive support online. This study aims to conceptualize the process of online help-seeking among adolescent males. Modified photo-elicitation techniques were employed within eight semi-structured focus group sessions with adolescent males aged 14 to 15 years (n = 56) across seven schools in Northern Ireland. Thematic analyses were conducted within an ontological framework of critical realism and an epistemological framework of contextualism. Informal online help-seeking pathways increased opportunity for social support and reduced stigma but also included loss of control and reduced anonymity. Formal pathways offered increased anonymity but concerns were raised regarding participants' ability to locate and appraise the quality of information online. A conceptual model of online help-seeking has been developed to highlight the key help-seeking pathways taken by adolescent males.

  19. A Nd Isotopic Composition Modeling Approach of the Oceanic Thermohaline Circulation Change During LGM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsouze, T.; Dutay, J.; Lacan, F.; Jeandel, C.; Alkama, R.; Kageyama, M.; Piotrowski, A.

    2006-12-01

    The role of thermohaline circulation in climate change has been a matter of debate for a long time. Proxies of past ocean circulation such as δ13C or 231Pa/230Th suggest a relationship between North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) strength and rapid climate change. Neodymium isotopic composition (Nd IC) is a quasi conservative geochemical tracer of water masses in the ocean interior and thus can be used as a proxy for NADW. Seawater Nd IC being recorded in marine sediments, this proxy is used to infer paleo-circulations on various time scales. Recent studies of Nd IC records, in the ferromanganese oxide components of a South Atlantic core, confirm the close relation between thermohaline circulation and North Atlantic climate changes through the last deglaciation (Piotrowski et al., 2004). Our purpose here is to model the Nd IC during the LGM and the Holocene with the Ocean Global Circulation Model NEMO, in the ORCA2 (2°) configuration. The explicit simulation of this proxy in the model allows to investigate and quantify the circulation change that corresponds to the Nd isotopic composition variation recorded in the sediments. We consider that the main source of Nd into the ocean is the interaction between water masses and continental margins (Boundary Exchange process; (Lacan and Jeandel, 2005). Boundary exchange is parameterized using a relaxing term (Arsouze et al., 2006). Simulated Nd IC distributions are evaluated by comparison with available records for the LGM and Holocene. References: Arsouze, T., Dutay, J.-C., Lacan, F. and Jeandel, C., 2006. Modeling the neodymium isotopic composition with a global ocean circulation model Chemical Geology, in press. Lacan, F. and Jeandel, C., 2005. Neodymium isotopes as a new tool for quantifying exchange fluxes at the continent - ocean interface. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 232(3-4): 245-257. Piotrowski, A.M., Goldstein, S.L., Hemming, S.R. and Fairbanks, R.G., 2004. Intensification and variability of ocean

  20. Helping at the bedside: spouses' preferences for helping critically ill patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldredge, Deborah

    2004-10-01

    Spouses of patients in intensive care units (ICU) need to be close and helpful to ill partners. According to adult attachment theory, emotional responses may be related to preferences for closeness and helpfulness, and according to control theory optimism also may influence spouses' emotional responses. Spouses' goals and helping behaviors were assessed in 88 spouses of ICU patients. Using a repeated-measures design, the relationships of closeness, helpfulness, and optimism to emotional outcomes were assessed. Preferences for closeness and helpfulness were strongly related, and together with optimism, predicted spouses' mood at some point of the illness trajectory. Spouses who were over-involved with partners' care requirements were at greater risk for emotional distress. Results suggest that closeness and helpfulness are integrated concepts, and that attachment dimensions of a relationship and optimism are useful for understanding spouses' emotional responses to critical illness.

  1. Can Cognitive Theory Help Us Teach Physics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Robert L.; Lochhead, Jack

    The idea that cognitive science can provide useful guidance to the teaching of physics has been met by some with skepticism. One argument is that the current understanding of cognition is too crude to be helpful; another, that any scientific approach to education stifles the art of teaching. Some feel that art and science need not be incompatible.…

  2. Using Motivational Interviewing to Help Your Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheldon, Lisa A.

    2010-01-01

    Motivational interviewing, which began as a counseling technique in addiction recovery, is a client-centered tool for making changes, increasing helpful behaviors and decreasing unhelpful behaviors. It relies on an individual's intrinsic motivation and interest in change, using a non-confrontational approach to frame goals in a practical,…

  3. Urine Specimens: Tips to Help Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... does not endorse non-AACC products and services. Advertising & Sponsorship: Policy | Opportunities PLEASE NOTE: Your web browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Unless you enable Javascript , your ... Tips to Help Children through Their Medical Tests Share this page: Was ...

  4. Family involvement and helping behaviour in teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brummelhuis, L.L. ten; Lippe, T. van der; Kluwer, E.S.

    2010-01-01

    Helping behavior at work has become increasingly important, with organizations making more and more use of cooperative work practices. The difficulty is that employees are facing growing demands beyond the workplace. This study investigates the mechanisms by which family involvement (family structur

  5. Evaluation Checksheet Helps Keep Typewriters in Shape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierson, Joan K.

    1981-01-01

    Students can effectively identify needed repairs before a service call is made by evaluating the operating condition of all classroom machines with the help of a typewriter evaluation checksheet such as the one illustrated in this article. Responsibilities of and benefits to students and teachers are listed. (CT)

  6. Helping Children Outgrow War. SD Technical Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Vachel W.; Affolter, Friedrich W.

    Helping children outgrow war is an overarching goal of educational reconstruction in post-conflict settings, but responses must be highly adaptive and informed by insights gained from interventions elsewhere. This guidebook offers seven examples of successful interventions in post-conflict settings internationally, situating them within a…

  7. A guide to help children understand cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... what you tell your child will help your child face cancer. Explaining things honestly at the right level for ... Other ways to talk to your child about cancer: Practice what you ... your child. Ask your child's health care provider for advice ...

  8. Three Approaches to Helping Students at Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Doris; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Describes three approaches to helping students at risk: (1) a 30-week program to provide adults with basic proficiency in written and spoken English, problem-solving techniques, computer software, and teamwork skills; (2) motivating students by caring about them and creating a positive classroom environment; and (3) communicating effectively with…

  9. Tips for Helping a Person With Diabetes

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2007-10-04

    This podcast gives suggestions for helping a person with diabetes manage the disease.  Created: 10/4/2007 by National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP), a joint program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health.   Date Released: 11/6/2007.

  10. Bay Area Students Help Victims and Witnesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandel, Dave

    1978-01-01

    Aid to Victims and Witnesses (AVW), sponsored by the San Mateo (California) Probation Department and staffed almost entirely by citizen and student volunteers, offers immediate financial and emotional aid to victims of violent crime after police call AVW's hot line. AVW also helps witnesses to crime in court appearances. (MF)

  11. Helping Children Exposed to Domestic Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Families Guide - Search Spanish Facts for Families Guide Domestic Violence and Children No. 109; Updated April 2013 As many as ... get the help they need. When there is domestic violence between partners, there is often child abuse as well. Sometimes children get hurt accidentally. ...

  12. A Robot to Help Make the Rounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a discussion on the Pyxis HelpMate SecurePak (SP) trackless robotic courier designed by Transitions Research Corporation, to navigate autonomously throughout medical facilities, transporting pharmaceuticals, laboratory specimens, equipment, supplies, meals, medical records, and radiology films between support departments and nursing floors.

  13. Incest Victims: Inadequate Help by Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frenken, Jos; Van Stolk, Bram

    1990-01-01

    Interviews with 130 Dutch professionals helping incest victims and 50 adult women who were incest victims as children found that assistance was hampered by institutional distrust, inability of professionals to stop ongoing incest, frequent breaking off of contact by the young girls, professionals' shortcomings in knowledge and skills, and…

  14. Senior Volunteers: Helping Hands & Willing Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessely, Michael

    1995-01-01

    Volunteers and other community-based assistants can relieve some of the financial burden brought on by school-budget cutbacks. This publication describes how enlisting the help of senior volunteers and workers benefits both children and seniors, and it presents some guidelines for implementation of intergeneration programs. The programs provide…

  15. Text Maps: Helping Students Navigate Informational Texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, Brenda H.

    2003-01-01

    Notes that a text map is an instructional approach designed to help students gain fluency in reading content area materials. Discusses how the goal is to teach students about the important features of the material and how the maps can be used to build new understandings. Presents the procedures for preparing and using a text map. (SG)

  16. Family involvement and helping behaviour in teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brummelhuis, L.L. ten; Lippe, T. van der; Kluwer, E.S.

    2010-01-01

    Helping behavior at work has become increasingly important, with organizations making more and more use of cooperative work practices. The difficulty is that employees are facing growing demands beyond the workplace. This study investigates the mechanisms by which family involvement (family

  17. Leadership Helps Turn around a Troubled School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheppard, Von

    2013-01-01

    The author tells how he employed leadership skills to help turn around a failing school loaded with at-risk students. Dayton's Bluff Elementary School was one of the worst in St. Paul when Von Sheppard took over as principal in 2001. Changing the staff and attitudes at the largely low-income, minority majority school in a tough neighborhood…

  18. Erikson's Psychosocial Theories Help Explain Early Adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, M. Lee

    1988-01-01

    Middle school educators can design a learning environment for early adolescents based on Erik Erikson's social development theories, which divide human life into eight psychological stages. The identity versus role confusion stage characterizing adolescence will significantly determine the developing person's future. Schools can help learners…

  19. Help Your Child Gain Control Over Asthma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a pet inside, keep it out of your child’s bedroom. • Keep pets off of your furniture. • Vacuum carpets and furniture when your child is not around. Vacuum every week to help control pet hair and dust. 23 Cockroaches (“roaches” or other “ ...

  20. Survivors of Downsizing: Helpful and Hindering Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amundson, Norman E.; Borgen, William A.; Jordan, Sharalyn; Erlebach, Anne C.

    2004-01-01

    Thirty-one downsizing survivors from both the private and public sector were interviewed to determine incidents that either helped or hindered their transition through 1 or more organizational downsizings. A critical incident technique was used to analyze and organize the data around themes that emerged, themes were represented by both positive…

  1. Dying and Death: Helping Children Cope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledezma, Melissa L.

    This paper suggests strategies for helping children understand death. The early experiences of childhood build the foundation on which the child establishes a healthy orientation towards life and living. Grieving parents are often so upset by their own loss that they do not carefully explain death to their children. Parents may feel that the child…

  2. Healthy Living: Helping Your Child Breathe Easier

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... from other family members can have a serious effect on the respiratory health of youngsters. One study shows that children up to two years old whose parents smoke suffer twice the rate of bronchitis and pneumonia as children of nonsmokers. Flu shots may help ...

  3. Helping LD Students Make Transitions: Six Suggestions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slade, David

    1984-01-01

    Teachers and parents can help learning disabled students make transitions to mainstream settings by preparing them for change in physical conditions, instructing them in organization and time management, teaching them interpersonal skills through role-playing, and assisting them in identifying and responding to a variety of emotions. (CL)

  4. Can wolves help save Japan's mountain forests?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber-meyer, Shannon

    2017-01-01

    Japan’s wolves were extinct by 1905. Today Japan's mountain forests are being killed by overabundant sika deer and wild boars. Since the early 1990s, the Japan Wolf Association has proposed wolf reintroduction to Japan to restore rural ecology and to return a culturally important animal. In this article I discuss whether the return of wolves could help save Japan's mountain forests.

  5. Helping Students Reflect: Lessons from Cognitive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poole, Gary; Jones, Lydia; Whitfield, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The challenges of teaching students to reflect on experience and, thus, learn from it, are better understood with the application of constructs from cognitive psychology. The present paper focuses on two such constructs--self-schemas and scripts--to help educators better understand both the threats and opportunities associated with effective…

  6. Helping You Buy: Integrated Library Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pace, Andrew K.

    2005-01-01

    This Helping You Buy survey is the next in an annual series of surveys that have been compiled by Pamela Cibbarelli in past years. This bird's-eye view should serve to both highlight some general distinctions and to underscore the commodified similarities of a wide range of library automation systems.

  7. Helping Students Reflect: Lessons from Cognitive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poole, Gary; Jones, Lydia; Whitfield, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The challenges of teaching students to reflect on experience and, thus, learn from it, are better understood with the application of constructs from cognitive psychology. The present paper focuses on two such constructs--self-schemas and scripts--to help educators better understand both the threats and opportunities associated with effective…

  8. Changing Attitudes toward Seeking Professional Help.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrisler, Joan C.

    Despite the increasing acceptance of the value of psychotherapy, there are still those who think people should solve their own problems. A study was conducted to investigate the attitudes of college students toward seeking professional help before and after taking a course in abnormal psychology to determine whether exposure to the purposes and…

  9. ESCOs: Helping Schools Save Money and Energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Planning & Management, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the use of energy savings performance contracts to help reduce costs and improve school infrastructure and the educational environment. Further discussed are how indoor air quality reduces health, productivity, and costs; and examples are provided of how other schools have achieved better school environments and reduced energy costs. (GR)

  10. Clean Hands Help Prevent the Flu

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2009-05-06

    Clean hands can help prevent the spread of infectious diseases, such as flu. This podcast explains the proper way to wash your hands.  Created: 5/6/2009 by Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Influenza Division (CCID/NCIRD/ID).   Date Released: 5/6/2009.

  11. IU physicists help unlock universe's secrets

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "A team of Indiana University physicists is helping unlock the mysteries of the universe as part of a multination, 20-year experiment based in Switzerland. Their quarry: the elusive tiny particles that make up everything from stars to humans" (1/2 page).

  12. How Computer Games Help Children Learn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaffer, David Williamson

    2008-01-01

    This book looks at how particular video and computer games--such as "Digital Zoo", "The Pandora Project", "SodaConstructor", and more--can help teach children and students to think like doctors, lawyers, engineers, urban planners, journalists, and other professionals. In the process, new "smart games" will give them the knowledge and skills they…

  13. Investment policy, guidelines help providers control risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seidner, A G

    1989-03-01

    Because the financial markets are volatile, every healthcare organization should establish its own investment policy and guidelines. An investment policy reflects the views of a hospital's board of trustees, and helps the trustees avoid conflict of interest situations. Investment guidelines spell out management's approach to three critical investing components: safety of principal, liquidity, and yield.

  14. CERN helps Grid cmputing into the mainstream

    CERN Multimedia

    Moran, Nuala

    2006-01-01

    CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, has launched the seocnd phase of Openlab, its partnership with IT companies for the development of advanced computing facilities. The industrial partners in this phase, Hewlett Packard, Intel and Oracle, will help build on the experience from the last three years when Openlab worked on cluster and Grid computing (1 page)

  15. Memory Loss: When to Seek Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memory loss: When to seek help A number of conditions — not only Alzheimer's disease — can cause memory loss in older adults. Getting a prompt diagnosis ... a person you just met? Some degree of memory problems, as well as a modest decline in ...

  16. Pediatricians Can Help When Parents Divorce: Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... says. "The pediatrician can help parents understand their children's reactions to divorce or separation," said report co-lead author Dr. ... Health Recent Health News Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Child Mental Health Divorce Family Issues About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Customer ...

  17. Student Teachers in Search of Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houck, Marla; Chiodo, John J.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined to whom 43 elementary and secondary teacher education students at a large Southwestern university turned for help regarding problems during their student-teaching internship. Participants were asked to complete a survey related to student teaching. In addition, 5 students were interviewed as a follow-up to the survey. Of the…

  18. Self-help and writing. A novel about self-help: Group I+I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Passols

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available "A self-help novel" - that will probably be some postmodern text. Whether it likes it or not. Whether it wants to be, or not. Three themes which merge, mix and meld. On the one hand, the death of the author; on the other a personal interpretation of postmodernist anthropology. And finally - the Self-Help Novel is how to make self-help literature a proper topic of research.

  19. Help-seeking for child psychopathology: pathways to informal and professional services in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwaanswijk, Marieke; Ende, J. van der; Verhaak, P.F.M.; Bensing, J.; Verhulst, F.C.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To devise and test a model describing the process of help-seeking for child psychopathology in professional and informal service settings. Method: Using structural equation modeling, associations between several help-seeking stages, and the influence of child, family, and context

  20. Help-seeking for child psychopathology: pathways to informal and professional services in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwaanswijk, Marieke; Ende, J. van der; Verhaak, P.F.M.; Bensing, J.; Verhulst, F.C.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To devise and test a model describing the process of help-seeking for child psychopathology in professional and informal service settings. Method: Using structural equation modeling, associations between several help-seeking stages, and the influence of child, family, and context characte