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  1. Lacan: lenguaje e inconsciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca Puche Navarro

    1971-01-01

    Full Text Available The present article is the first study of the work ot Jacques Lacan written in Spanish. In this perspective, the article is in the line of the return to Freud described by Lacan. The lacanian contribution is presented as the epistemological criticism to psychoanalysis. The work of Lacan is a re-thinking of Freud´s discoverings in linguistic terms, as significants, as forms, as language. Psychoanalysis is studied in the light of the structural model, in order to give to the study of the unconscious its proper place in the human sciences.

  2. Bataille com Lacan Bataille with Lacan

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    Roland Lethier

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto pesquisa a relação de Bataille com Lacan, sustentando que esses dois autores influenciaram-se mutuamente em suas obras. Trata da repercussão da obra de Freud sobre os surrealistas franceses e rastreia ressonâncias da obra de Bataille na obra de Lacan, demonstrando como essas ressonâncias são perceptíveis na sutileza de uma análise de significantes.The text researches the connection between Bataille and Lacan, sustaining the idea that both authors had influence on each other’s work. It considers the repercussions of Freud’s works over French Surrealists and traces resonance of Bataille’s works on Lacan’s, demonstrating how these resonance are perceptive in a significant analysis subtlety

  3. Jacques Lacan's theory of the subject as real, symbolic and imaginary: how can Lacanian theory be of help to mental health nursing practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McSherry, A

    2013-11-01

    This paper presents an outline of Lacan's theory of the human subject, in particular focusing on Lacan's concepts of the real, symbolic and imaginary registers, and how an understanding of these can inform change and practice in mental health nursing. Mental health nursing is under pressure to define itself as a practice distinct from other professions in the field, and to respond in new ways to promoting mental health to the individual and a wider public. Lacan's theory of the subject is of particular relevance to mental health nurses working with mental distress but has received little attention in mental health nursing literature. Six implications for practice are outlined in terms of: against normalization, the importance of the function of the symptom, what cannot be known, meaning as ever-changing, against empathy and against holistic ideas of the self. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Sade em Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Riaviz, Eduardo

    2000-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão. Esta dissertação analisa o lugar do Marquês de Sade no ensino de Lacan. Começamos por reconstruir a recepção de Sade pela vanguarda francesa, particularmente no movimento surrealista e nos seus dissidentes. Em seguida, acompanhamos as modificações do lugar de Sade na obra de Lacan. Para isto nos orientamos nos seis paradigmas do gozo através dos quais J.-A. Miller ordena a doutrina lacaniana...

  5. Lacans ontologi(er)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kasper Porsgaard

    2016-01-01

    Lacans værk har ofte tiltrukket sig opmærksomhed i kraft af en række provokerende, negative udsagn: Den store Anden eksisterer ikke, Kvinden eksisterer ikke, Der findes intet seksuelt forhold. Udsagnene har konsekvenser for relationen mellem den lacanianske psykoanalyse og beslægtede faglige og v...

  6. Notes Towards a Phenomenological Reading of Lacan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    'mathemes' or the 'four discourses' of Seminar XX. We will begin by exploring the development of subjectivity, followed by Lacan's theory of Orders, of desire and the unconscious, and finally moving towards an understanding of psychopathology and treatment. The Developing Subject. Lacan argues that the child is born ...

  7. Review Essay: Lacan, via Messenger

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    Achim Seiffarth

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available We'll never know what LACAN really said. The various editions of his works are only partly authorized by LACAN himself, and the few critical editions are not among those that are. Anyone who wants to learn about the Master's thought has to study influences, transmissions, and the trajectories of words and texts ascribed to LACAN. The contributors to this volume by THOLEN, SCHMITZ and RIEPE focus on the three themes nominated in the book's title. Some primarily discuss the role of transfer in psychoanalysis, others critically examine German translations of the Master's texts, and a third group studies the emergence of a psychoanalytic tradition. We might affirm that all the articles represent the three T's together: practising transfer, translating what might otherwise be incomprehensible, and constituting tradition. But this is a bond too weak to connect the various works presented in THOLEN, SCHMITZ and RIEPE's book. In fact, the book seems to explode. The range of topics treated by the authors reaches far beyond any disciplinary border and includes themes as different as dysgraphia and dyslexia, interpretations of HÖLDERLIN, BENJAMIN and KAFKA, the legal definition of death, theory of mass communication, the history of psychology, and the diffusion of psychoanalysis in Europe (Italy, Austria, Belgium and Ireland. As a consequence, reading the mostly well written and stimulating articles one after the other might be slightly irritating. "Transfer—Translation—Tradition" is an interesting book, though it's not really a book at all. This kind of successful failure probably is LACANian heritage (even if, yes, we've heard that story from Bob DYLAN, too. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0603156

  8. Ud med Freud, Marx og Lacan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clasen, Mathias

    2009-01-01

    Det er på høje tid, at humanister løsriver sig fra deres forældede teorier. Freud, Marx og Lacan skal erstattes med evolutionspsykologi, biologi og kognitionsvidenskab.......Det er på høje tid, at humanister løsriver sig fra deres forældede teorier. Freud, Marx og Lacan skal erstattes med evolutionspsykologi, biologi og kognitionsvidenskab....

  9. Winnicott and Lacan: a missed encounter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanier, Alain

    2012-04-01

    Winnicott was able to say that Lacan's paper on the mirror stage "had certainly influenced" him, while Lacan argued that he found his object a in Winnicott's transitional object. By following the development of their personal relations, as well as of their theoretical discussions, it is possible to argue that this was a missed encounter--yet a happily missed one, since the misunderstandings of their theoretical exchanges allowed each of them to clarify concepts otherwise difficult to discern.

  10. Lacan - a global simulation code for laser isotope separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goldstein, S.; Quaegebeur, J.P.

    1990-01-01

    Dimensioning a Laser Isotope Separation (LIS) plant means calculating the values of a large number of parameters in order to optimize some objective function. In such algorithms the calculation of the objective function must be repeated thousands of times, therefore each elementary calculation must consume little time. LACAN uses simple models to describe the elementary physical processes: evaporation, vapour expansion, interaction between photons and atoms, ion extraction etc ... These simple models are derived from refined modeling codes or are empirical. As an example the optimization of the separative work of an uranium facility is discussed

  11. Enumerating Wordsworth/Accounting for Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodman, Jeffrey

    1995-01-01

    Addresses one of the more serious criticisms made concerning the Lacanian concept of the Real, that made by Francois Roustang, who accuses Lacan of intentionally blurring the two distinct registers of this concept. Wordsworth's poem, "We Are Seven," illustrates the Real as pure loss through its representation of family relations,…

  12. Thinking in the space between Winnicott and Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luepnitz, Deborah Anna

    2009-10-01

    The author, following André Green, maintains that the two most original psychoanalytic thinkers since Freud were Donald Winnicott and Jacques Lacan. Winnicott, it has been said, introduced the comic tradition into psychoanalysis, while Lacan sustained Freud's tragic/ironic vision. Years of mutual avoidance by their followers (especially of Lacan by Anglophone clinicians) has arguably diminished understanding of the full spectrum of psychoanalytic thought. The author outlines some basic constructs of Winnicott and of Lacan, including: their organizing tropes of selfhood versus subjectivity, their views of the "mirror stage", and their definitions of the aims of treatment. While the ideas of Winnicott and Lacan appear at some points complementary, the goal is not to integrate them into one master discourse, but rather to bring their radically different paradigms into provocative contact. A clinical vignette is offered to demonstrate concepts from Lacan and Winnicott, illustrating what it might mean to think and teach in the potential space between them.

  13. Winnicott, Bergson, Lacan: tempo e psicanálise Winnicott, Bergson, Lacan: time and psychoanalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jô Gondar

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trabalha as concepções de Winnicott e Lacan a respeito do tempo. Em Winnicott, o tempo é pensado no plano da diferença ontológica, enquanto que Lacan privilegia a diferença sexual. Pretende-se mostrar como essas duas idéias a respeito da temporalidade implicam distintas concepções sobre a constituição subjetiva, assim como diferentes estratégias clínicas. Com relação ao tempo, Winnicott será associado ao filósofo Henri Bergson e à sua noção de duração.This article discusses Winnicott and Lacan's conceptions of time verifyng its diferents clinical estrategies. Winnicott will be associated to Henri Bergson in respect of his notion of duration.

  14. Alain Badiou, Jacques Lacan and the Ethics of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taubman, Peter M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper argues that Badiou's and Lacan's theorizations of ethics offer a way to formulate an ethics of teaching and to explore what such an ethics might look like when teachers encounter events that disrupt their quotidian lives. Relying on the work of Badiou and Lacan, the paper critiques mainstream approaches to the ethics of teaching and…

  15. Jacques Lacan and Feminist Epistemology

    OpenAIRE

    Campbell, Kirsten

    2004-01-01

    This book outlines a compelling new agenda for feminist theories of identity and social relations. Using Lacanian psychoanalysis with feminist epistemology, the author sets out a groundbreaking psychoanalytic social theory. Campbell's work offers answers to the important contemporary question of how feminism can change the formation of gendered subjectivities and social relations. Drawing on the work of third wave feminists, the book shows how feminism can provide new political models of know...

  16. Winnicott, Bergson, Lacan: tempo e psicanálise Winnicott, Bergson, Lacan: time and psychoanalysis

    OpenAIRE

    Jô Gondar

    2006-01-01

    O artigo trabalha as concepções de Winnicott e Lacan a respeito do tempo. Em Winnicott, o tempo é pensado no plano da diferença ontológica, enquanto que Lacan privilegia a diferença sexual. Pretende-se mostrar como essas duas idéias a respeito da temporalidade implicam distintas concepções sobre a constituição subjetiva, assim como diferentes estratégias clínicas. Com relação ao tempo, Winnicott será associado ao filósofo Henri Bergson e à sua noção de duração.This article discusses Winnicott...

  17. Epistemologia della psicoanalisi tra Althusser e Lacan

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    Alberto Gualandi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The contributions included in this section of S&F_ focus on the problem of the epistemological status of psychoanalysis and its object, the unconscious. They were originally presented in Venice at the Ca’ Foscari University in December 2014, during a debate organized by Maria Turchetto and the Associazione Louis Althusser, following the first Italian translation of the two conferences on psychoanalysis delivered by Althusser at the École Normale in 1963‐64 (L. Althusser, Psicoanalisi e scienze umane, Mimesis, Milano 2014. The two conferences, centred around the alleged “epistemological break” brought about by the work of Lacan in the domain of human sciences, provide the authors with the opportunity to examine the relationship between Marxism, psychoanalysis and philosophy in the current theoretical context, and to address such problems as the relationship between the discourse of the unconscious and the theory of ideology, transindividual imaginary and subjective Cogito, body and language, as well as the status of scientific truth. The authors attempt to show the fecundity of an epistemological approach which allows us to reposition the problem of the unconscious in an “interstitial gap” separating body from language, phenomenology from biology, corporeal linguistic signifier (lalangue from the pure axiomatic of science (matema.

  18. El concepto de locura en la obra de Jacques Lacan The Concept Of Madness In The Jacques Lacan Work's

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    Pablo D. Muñoz

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Desde sus primeros escritos Lacan distingue el concepto de locura del de psicosis, contradiciendo el uso común que los toma como equivalentes. Esta confusión produce efectos en la clínica psicoanalítica, por lo cual conviene aclarar y mantener su diferencia. Si bien los comentadores de su obra han reconocido esa distinción, no se ha destacado todo lo necesario la transformación que sufre el concepto de locura al final de la misma, ni se ha establecido con precisión su índole, sus alcances y consecuencias. Para hacerlo se propone explorar las diferencias entre locura y psicosis con el recurso de la teoría de nudos que Lacan emplea en dicho período, donde la psicosis es formalizada como una forma particular de anudamiento de los registros distinto del de la neurosis y la locura como su desanudamiento. En este trabajo se realiza un recorrido que enlaza las primeras referencias de Lacan sobre la locura con las recién mencionadas.First Lacan writings differentiates the "madness" concept from the other one of "psychosis", contradicting therefore the common use in language that takes them equivalent. This confusion can carry adverse effects in the psychoanalytic clinic. Thus is better to clarify and maintain its difference. Although Lacan comentators have recognized that distinction is not enough outstanded the transformation of the concept of "madness" at the his latest works, nor has settled down its nature, its reaches and consequences. In order to do it, we will explore the differences between "madness" and "psychosis" with his knots theory support, where the psychosis and neurosis like particular different form of knotting, and also defines "madness" like a registers untied. In this work is carried out a journey that connects the first references of Lacan about the madness with the last ones mentioned.

  19. Burke, Nietzsche, Lacan: Three Perspectives on the Rhetoric of Order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Douglas

    1993-01-01

    Examines the complex relationship between rhetoric and order in the works of Kenneth Burke, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Jacques Lacan. Argues for three differing, yet complementary, views of rhetoric and order, each having a corresponding epistemology and axiology. Concludes with an analysis of the construction of order in Thomas Hobbe's…

  20. Subjectivity as an Unlimited Semiosis: Lacan and Peirce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordtug, Birgit

    2004-01-01

    The discussion on subjectivity is based on the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan's understanding of subjectivity as constructed in and through language, and the philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce's general ideas of signifying construction as an unlimited sign-exchanging process--the idea of the unlimited semiosis. The article advocates combining…

  1. Thanatos and Civilization: Lacan, Marcuse, and the Death Drive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    During the 1950s and 1960s two thinkers, Herbert Marcuse and Jacques Lacan, were conducting a "return to Freud" for very similar reasons. If the differences between them are often advertised, their affinities are less so. In this article, I examine how their "return to Freud" and fidelity to psychoanalysis serves as a common ground to read each in…

  2. Lacan's psycho-analytic evacuation of the rainbow nation identity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lacan's psycho-analytic evacuation of the rainbow nation identity [English] Given the increasing displacement of the essentialist racial categories of the past and the emergence of often-superficial theorisations of race in terms of the diverse South African experiences of difference and Otherness, this article seeks to ...

  3. Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    The program models rainfall, runoff, infiltration, and other water pathways to estimate how much water builds up above each landfill liner. It can incorporate data on vegetation, soil types, geosynthetic materials, initial moisture conditions, slopes, etc.

  4. From the criminal to the sinthome: Lacan's ethics of psychoanalysis and contemporary life

    OpenAIRE

    Bosetti, Luca

    2010-01-01

    This thesis examines the continuity and the changes in Lacan's elaboration of psychoanalytic ethics. It focuses in particular on the shift from Lacan's classic formulation of psychoanalytic ethics in relation to the criminal figures of Sade and Antigone in Seminar VII, to his later formulation of a psychoanalytic ethics based on a re-elaboration of the concept of symptom - the sinthome - in the 1970s. By illustrating the way in which psychoanalytic ethics is constantly, from Freud to Lacan, d...

  5. ROTEIRO DE VIAGEM AO PAÍS DE LACAN

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    Laéria Fontenele

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Grande leitor e crítico da cultura de seu tempo e um dos nomes de maior destaque da psicanálise contemporânea, Slavoj Žižek desfaz a fábula segundo a qual ler Lacan é um trabalho árduo e difícil que seria apenas privilégio dos especialistas em psicanálise e, com isso, brinda o seu leitor com um envolvente passeio pelo país de Lacan. De origem eslovena, e quase eleito presidente de seu país, Slavoj Žižek é autor de diversos livros - dentre os quais os instigantes ensaios “Hegel, o mais sublime dos histéricos” e “Eles não sabem o que dizem” -, a maioria publicada em por volta de trinta idiomas. É ele reconhecido como sendo um profundo conhecedor de Hegel e Karl Marx; apaixonado leitor de Sigmund Freud e de Jacques Lacan; crítico contundente das ideologias totalitárias, espírito cultivado por sua filia às múltiplas artes – sendo, inclusive, especialista na cinematografia de Alfred Hitchcock. Os traços de sua erudição e sensibilidade para com as artes, se refletem e particularizam, também, o seu estilo de escrever, o qual se encontra muito bem representado no modo como urdiu esse seu novo livro. “Como ler Lacan” nos ensina a adotar um método especial para orientar em uma tal empreitada. Žižek advoga que, para lermos Lacan, devemos aplicar o mesmo método empregado pela psicanálise para ler e interpretar o texto que resulta do trabalho inconsciente. Mas há uma condição para esse emprego: abandonar o vício de querer entender, pois, assim como o inconsciente, Lacan não deve ser compreendido e sim lido, pois, conforme ele mesmo já nos advertira, o pior destino a que podemos ser conduzidos é o destino que nos leva à compreensão. Só assim será fácil ler Lacan, mais do que, amiúde, se imagina. Muitas introduções ao seu ensino foram publicadas, algumas delas marcadas por rigor conceitual, outras resultaram em versões grosseiras de sua letra. Sem desmerecer as boas introduções a Lacan

  6. A segunda regra fundamental: um comentário sobre o Ferenczi de Lacan

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    Angela Cavalcanti Bernardes

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Que o analista seja analisado é a segunda regra fundamental da psicanálise, de acordo com Sándor Ferenczi. Este autor é louvado por Lacan pelo questionamento autêntico de sua responsabilidade de terapeuta. Faz-se aqui um breve comentário de algumas referências de Lacan a Ferenczi, tendo-se por perspectiva o controverso debate sobre a formação do analista.The second fundamental rule: a note about Lacan's Ferenczi. The analysis of the analyst is the second rule of psychoanalysis, following Sándor Ferenczi. This author is considered by Lacan an authentic questioner of his responsibility as a psychotherapist. The reader will find here a brief note about some of Lacan's comments on Ferenczi. Our concern here is the training of the analyst.

  7. O Complexo de Édipo em Winnicott e Lacan

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    João Paulo Fernandes Barretta

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Após uma breve apresentação do tema do complexo de Édipo em Freud e do ponto de vista diretor a partir do qual ele é tematizado, o artigo mostra que nas teorias psicanalíticas de Lacan e Winnicott esse tema central da teoria freudiana é modificado radicalmente. Por fim, o artigo conclui indicando uma semelhança entre ambas as formulações do conflito edipiano, bem como uma diferença fundamental.

  8. The Subject of Religion: Lacan and the Ten Commandments

    OpenAIRE

    Reinhard, Kenneth; Lupton, Julia Reinhard

    2003-01-01

    Despite Freudʼs Nietzschean unmasking of religion as ideology, psychoanalysis has frequently been attacked as itself a religion, a cabal of analyst-priests dedicated to the worship of a dead master. Such critics “do not believe in Freud” in much the same way as atheists “do not believe in God,” and their rejections of psychoanalysis in the name of the secular partake in the very structure of religious thought they claim to repudiate. In Seminar XXI: Les non-dupes errent, Lacan comments on the...

  9. Pensamiento y política: Arendt con Lacan

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    Laura Arias

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil is one of the most emblematic Hannah Arendt's books. It introduces concepts such as the banality of evil, which continue raising excited comments in different latitudes. Here, we want to focus on another controversy aroused by the book and based on Eichmann's trial in Jerusalem. Arendt says: “The longer one listened to him, the more obvious it became that his inability to speak was closely connected with an inability to think” (Arendt, 1999: 80. We propose here to examine what thinking is for Freud and Lacan, and thus to question whether Eichmann thought or did not.

  10. O Complexo de Édipo em Winnicott e Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Barretta, João Paulo Fernandes

    2012-01-01

    Após uma breve apresentação do tema do complexo de Édipo em Freud e do ponto de vista diretor a partir do qual ele é tematizado, o artigo mostra que nas teorias psicanalíticas de Lacan e Winnicott esse tema central da teoria freudiana é modificado radicalmente. Por fim, o artigo conclui indicando uma semelhança entre ambas as formulações do conflito edipiano, bem como uma diferença fundamental. After a brief presentation of the theme of the Oedipus complex in Freud and the director's point...

  11. The Politics of the Gaze Foucault, Lacan and Zizek

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    Henry Krips

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Joan Copjec accuses orthodox film theory of misrepresenting the Lacanian gaze by assimilating it to Foucauldian panopticon (Copjec 1994: 18-19. Although Copjec is correct that orthodox film theory misrepresents the Lacanian gaze, she, in turn, misrepresents Foucault by choosing to focus exclusively upon those as-pects of his work on the panopticon that have been taken up by orthodox film the-ory (Copjec 1994: 4. In so doing, I argue, Copjec misses key parallels between the Lacanian and Foucauldian concepts of the gaze. More than a narrow academic dispute about how to read Foucault and Lacan, this debate has wider political sig-nificance. In particular, using Slavoj Zizek's work, I show that a correct account of the panoptic gaze leads us to rethink the question of how to oppose modern techniques of surveillance.

  12. Hegel, amor de Lacan: quatre relacions (im)possibles

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrer Morata, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Aquesta tesi doctoral té per objectiu la investigació i l’anàlisi de la relació entre la filosofia i el seminari de Jacques Lacan del curs 1969-70, El revers de la psicoanàlisi. Per a dur a terme aquest fi, la investigació es divideix en tres direccions diferents. En primer lloc, l’estudi i l’abast des del camp de la psicoanàlisi i el diàleg amb la filosofia dels quatre discursos fonamentals de la societat que el psicoanalista va formalitzar: el discurs de l’Amo, de la Histèrica, Universitari...

  13. Imaginárno a pohled (Lacan, čtenář Merleau-Pontyho)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fulka, Josef

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 4 (2007), s. 537-551 ISSN 0015-1831 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Psychoanalysis * Jacques Lacan * Maurice Merleau-Ponty * the imaginary Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  14. How can model comparison help improving species distribution models?

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    Emmanuel Stephan Gritti

    Full Text Available Today, more than ever, robust projections of potential species range shifts are needed to anticipate and mitigate the impacts of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Such projections are so far provided almost exclusively by correlative species distribution models (correlative SDMs. However, concerns regarding the reliability of their predictive power are growing and several authors call for the development of process-based SDMs. Still, each of these methods presents strengths and weakness which have to be estimated if they are to be reliably used by decision makers. In this study we compare projections of three different SDMs (STASH, LPJ and PHENOFIT that lie in the continuum between correlative models and process-based models for the current distribution of three major European tree species, Fagussylvatica L., Quercusrobur L. and Pinussylvestris L. We compare the consistency of the model simulations using an innovative comparison map profile method, integrating local and multi-scale comparisons. The three models simulate relatively accurately the current distribution of the three species. The process-based model performs almost as well as the correlative model, although parameters of the former are not fitted to the observed species distributions. According to our simulations, species range limits are triggered, at the European scale, by establishment and survival through processes primarily related to phenology and resistance to abiotic stress rather than to growth efficiency. The accuracy of projections of the hybrid and process-based model could however be improved by integrating a more realistic representation of the species resistance to water stress for instance, advocating for pursuing efforts to understand and formulate explicitly the impact of climatic conditions and variations on these processes.

  15. Fantasma, mito y dibujo en la enseñanza de Lacan // Phantom, myth and drawing in Lacan´s lessons

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    Nicolás Uribe Aramburo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo aporta puntualizaciones al debate psicoanalítico sobre el valor simbólico del dibujo en la clínica a partir de la enseñanza de Jaques Lacan. En principio se muestran algunas de las principales correspondencias que Lacan establece entre los mitos de la humanidad y los conceptos de "mito individual del neurótico" y de "fantasma". Seguidamente se describen las posturas de este autor acerca de las funciones que tienen el significante, la palabra y lo simbólico en la construcción del fantasma, mostrando que para este autor las imágenes también pueden comportar una función significante que favorece el tránsito entre lo imaginario y lo simbólico. A partir de este recorrido por la enseñanza de Lacan se cuestiona la idea de que las imágenes solo pertenecen al registro de lo imaginario, pues con base en esta idea desde algunas posturas se tiende a restringir el trabajo clínico al uso de la palabra, excluyendo de forma indirecta el uso de otros medios simbólicos tales como el dibujo, punto de vista que resulta controvertido en el ensayo. Finalmente se presentan las principales ideas de Lacan sobre la función significante y simbólica de la imagen y más específicamente del dibujo en la construcción del fantasma. // This article provides detailed explanations to the psychoanalytical debate about the symbolic value of the drawing in the clinical institution from Lacan lessons. First, some of the main relations where Lacan establishes associations between the human myths and concepts of "neurotic individual myth" and "phantom" are shown. Next the author's postures about the functions meaning, word, and symbolic have in phantom construction are described, showing the images also can symbolize for the author a meaningful function that favor traffic between imaginary and symbolic. After the study of these Lacan lessons the idea that images are only part of the imaginary record is questioned, based on this idea from some postures

  16. Computer Agent's Role in Modeling an Online Math Help User

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    Dragana Martinovic

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates perspectives of deployments of open learner model on mathematics online help sites. It proposes enhancing a regular human-to-human interaction with an involvement of a computer agent suitable for tracking users, checking their input and making useful suggestions. Such a design would provide the most support for the interlocutors while keeping the nature of existing environment intact. Special considerations are given to peer-to-peer and expert-to-student mathematics online help that is free of charge and asynchronous. Examples from other collaborative, Web-based environments are also discussed. Suggestions for improving the existing architectures are given, based on the results of a number of studies on on-line learning systems.

  17. 488-4D ASH LANDFILL CLOSURE CAP HELP MODELING

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phifer, M.

    2014-11-17

    At the request of Area Completion Projects (ACP) in support of the 488-4D Landfill closure, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has performed Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) modeling of the planned 488-4D Ash Landfill closure cap to ensure that the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) limit of no more than 12 inches of head on top of the barrier layer (saturated hydraulic conductivity of no more than 1.0E-05 cm/s) in association with a 25-year, 24-hour storm event is not projected to be exceeded. Based upon Weber 1998 a 25-year, 24-hour storm event at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is 6.1 inches. The results of the HELP modeling indicate that the greatest peak daily head on top of the barrier layer (i.e. geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) or high density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane) for any of the runs made was 0.079 inches associated with a peak daily precipitation of 6.16 inches. This is well below the SCDHEC limit of 12 inches.

  18. The subjetivacion of the lack: between Lacan and Hegel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Souyris Oportot

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The present article develops a reflection concerning the figure of the subjectivation and the statute of the lack  in relation to Jacques Lacan y Hegel's thought . The analysis will be addressed from a philosophical approach as and with a psychoanalytic perspective, to show the need to understand the subjectivity, not already as a "work" of duel, but ligature to the loss and the split. The idea is that the above mentioned significances make possible deconstruir and to rethink the duel in lack, that he structures to the subject in an experience "escripturaire" (escriptural and, for the same thing, of dispossession. So that the figure of the subjetivación "in" lack  will allow to grant an important place to the non-place while I spread where the unthinkable thing and the "Autre" registers.  Once exposed this, the reflection will focus on the tragic exigences behind experience “escripturaire” expressed in the image of Antigone

  19. Las identificaciones en la primera parte de la obra de Lacan (1931-1959 Identifications in the first period of Lacan 's works (1931-1959

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Mazzuca

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo responde al objetivo de explorar las particularidades del concepto de identificación a lo largo de la obra de Lacan para registrar sus transformaciones, distinguir las variedades de identificación delimitadas sucesivamente y precisar la originalidad de ese concepto lacaniano definiendo los rasgos que lo diferencian tanto de la concepción de las identificaciones en la obra de Freud como de los posfreudianos. El período de referencia ha sido distribuido en tres tramos: el de los antecedentes (hasta el comienzo de su enseñanza alrededor de 1951, el momento inicial del estructuralismo (cuatro primeros seminarios, y la culminación de esta posición (en los seminarios quinto y sexto. En las conclusiones se destaca las notorias transformaciones del concepto de identificación en este periodo, así como la extensa variedad de tipos de identificación que Lacan introduce en cada uno de esos tramos. También se precisan dos rasgos distintivos en relación con el concepto freudiano.This project intends to explore the specificities of the concept of identification in Lacan's work. It does so by analyzing its transformations, distinguishing the successive types of identification presented by the author, and discussing the relationship with Freud's understanding of identification as well as with the post-Freudian theorists'. The periodization is divided in three stages: the antecedents (before 1951, when Lacan begins to teach, the initial structuralist moment (the first four seminars, and the culmination of this position (in seminars five and six. The conclusion highlights the transformations of the concept during this period, as well as the great variety of types Lacan introduces in each stage. Moreover, two differences with Freud's concept are discussed.

  20. Toward an ethics of psychoanalysis: a critical reading of Lacan's ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirshner, Lewis A

    2012-12-01

    Lacan's seminar The Ethics of Psychoanalysis (1959-1960) pursues, from a Freudian perspective, a fundamental philosophical question classically addressed by Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics: How is human life best lived and fulfilled? Is there is an ethic of this type intrinsic to psychoanalysis? Lacan placed the problem of desire at the center of his Ethics. His notorious self-authorized freedom from convention and probable crossing of limits (see Roudinesco 1993) may have led mainstream analysts to ignore his admonition: "At every moment we need to know what our effective relationship is to the desire to do good, to the desire to cure" (Lacan 1959-1960, p. 219). This means that the analyst's desire, as well as the patient's, is always in play in his attempt to sustain an ethical position. An examination of Lacan's seminar highlights this link, but also points to a number of unresolved issues. The patient's desire is a complex matter, readily entangled in neurotic compromise, defense, and transference, and the analyst's commitment to it is also problematic because of the inevitable co-presence of his own desire. Lacan suggested that more emphasis be placed in training on the desire of the analyst, but beyond that a proposal is advanced for the institutionalization of a "third" as reviewer and interlocutor in routine analytic practice. Analysis may not be a discipline that can be limited to a dyadic treatment relationship.

  1. Interaction in Spoken Word Recognition Models: Feedback Helps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnuson, James S.; Mirman, Daniel; Luthra, Sahil; Strauss, Ted; Harris, Harlan D.

    2018-01-01

    Human perception, cognition, and action requires fast integration of bottom-up signals with top-down knowledge and context. A key theoretical perspective in cognitive science is the interactive activation hypothesis: forward and backward flow in bidirectionally connected neural networks allows humans and other biological systems to approximate optimal integration of bottom-up and top-down information under real-world constraints. An alternative view is that online feedback is neither necessary nor helpful; purely feed forward alternatives can be constructed for any feedback system, and online feedback could not improve processing and would preclude veridical perception. In the domain of spoken word recognition, the latter view was apparently supported by simulations using the interactive activation model, TRACE, with and without feedback: as many words were recognized more quickly without feedback as were recognized faster with feedback, However, these simulations used only a small set of words and did not address a primary motivation for interaction: making a model robust in noise. We conducted simulations using hundreds of words, and found that the majority were recognized more quickly with feedback than without. More importantly, as we added noise to inputs, accuracy and recognition times were better with feedback than without. We follow these simulations with a critical review of recent arguments that online feedback in interactive activation models like TRACE is distinct from other potentially helpful forms of feedback. We conclude that in addition to providing the benefits demonstrated in our simulations, online feedback provides a plausible means of implementing putatively distinct forms of feedback, supporting the interactive activation hypothesis. PMID:29666593

  2. Interaction in Spoken Word Recognition Models: Feedback Helps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James S. Magnuson

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Human perception, cognition, and action requires fast integration of bottom-up signals with top-down knowledge and context. A key theoretical perspective in cognitive science is the interactive activation hypothesis: forward and backward flow in bidirectionally connected neural networks allows humans and other biological systems to approximate optimal integration of bottom-up and top-down information under real-world constraints. An alternative view is that online feedback is neither necessary nor helpful; purely feed forward alternatives can be constructed for any feedback system, and online feedback could not improve processing and would preclude veridical perception. In the domain of spoken word recognition, the latter view was apparently supported by simulations using the interactive activation model, TRACE, with and without feedback: as many words were recognized more quickly without feedback as were recognized faster with feedback, However, these simulations used only a small set of words and did not address a primary motivation for interaction: making a model robust in noise. We conducted simulations using hundreds of words, and found that the majority were recognized more quickly with feedback than without. More importantly, as we added noise to inputs, accuracy and recognition times were better with feedback than without. We follow these simulations with a critical review of recent arguments that online feedback in interactive activation models like TRACE is distinct from other potentially helpful forms of feedback. We conclude that in addition to providing the benefits demonstrated in our simulations, online feedback provides a plausible means of implementing putatively distinct forms of feedback, supporting the interactive activation hypothesis.

  3. Knowledge Management Portal: A Simplified Model to Help Decision Makers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ogawa, I.; Hernandes Tabares, R.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this work is to present a simplified model that could help the nuclear industry to keep the expertise of safeguards professionals in touch with the state of the art, and also to have available information in the Portal of Knowledge Management. It can also provide indicators and general data for decision makers. Authors have developed the concept based on their own experience through systems running in hydroelectric and gas fired plants, and one exclusive system that manage all courses in one University. It is under development a Portal of Knowledge Management for NPP dealing with information obtained of Strategic Plans, Budgets and Economics, Operation Performance, Maintenance and Surveillance Plans, Training and Education Programs, QA Programs, Operational Experience, Safety Culture, and Engineering of Human Factors. This model will provide indicators for decision makers. Training and education module is prepared according to profile of each individual and his attributes, tasks and capabilities, and training and education programmes. The system could apply self-assessment questionnaires; immersive learning using media (video) classes, and test applications using questions randomly selected from data bank, as well as could make applications to certificate people. All these data are analyzed and generate indicators about strongest and weakness points. Managers could have indication of individual's deficiency even though in training programmes on a real time basis. Another tool that could be applied to the model is the remote operation of supervision equipment. The model is developed using web-based tools, like ASP.NET encrypted by 128 bits, and web site https. Finally, it is important to stress that the model can be customized according to industry preference. (author)

  4. Algumas considerações sobre a fantasia em Freud e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Fernandes Carreira

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute algumas considerações de Freud e Lacan a respeito da fantasia, salientando a sua gênese e função para o sujeito. Para isso, retoma os três tempos da fantasia trazidos por Freud e as duas operações lógicas, que constituem o articulador entre o sujeito e o “objeto a”, presentes no matema da fantasia elaborado por Lacan, a saber: a alienação e a separação.

  5. "Si Dios no existe" Edipo y el parricidio en el Seminario XVII de Jacques Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Espinoza Rivera, Jerry

    2004-01-01

    El texto analiza algunas consideraciones que el psicoanalista francés Jacques Lacan, en su Seminario XVII, El reverso del psicoanálisis, hace acerca de la formulación freudiana del complejo de Edipo. Primero se plantean algunas de sus ideas acerca de este complejo y su relación con el deseo de la madre. Luego se hace referencia al cuestionamiento que hace Lacan de algunas de las tesis de Freud sobre las implicaciones del parricidio en la constitución de la cultura. Finalmente, se plantea la i...

  6. La histeria en el último período de la enseñanza de J. Lacan The Hysteria In The Last Period Of J. Lacan'S Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabián Schejtman

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo desplegamos algunas de las perspectivas que se desprenden de las formulaciones que Jacques Lacan produce sobre la histeria en el último período de su enseñanza, especialmente a partir del examen de esta estructura en función de las fórmulas de la sexuación lacanianas y de la definición topológica de la histeria en tanto armadura (armature del amor al padre.In the present work we deploy some of the perspectives that come off from the formulations that Jacques Lacan makes about the hysteria in the last period of his teaching, especially starting from the exam of this structure in function of the lacanian's formulas of sexuation and from the topological definition of the hysteria as long as frame (armature of father's love.

  7. Some remarks on adolescence with particular reference to Winnicott and Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanier, A

    2001-07-01

    Utilizing observations on adolescence--notably those of Winnicott, as well as the work of Lacan and a clinical case--the author advances several propositions concerning the unique relationship between adolescents and time. The consequences of this relationship are then framed as a paternal metaphor.

  8. A Desire for the Marsupial Space: A Lacanian Reading of Lacan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghamohammadi, Mehdi

    2017-01-01

    Jacques Lacan is regarded as an influential French psychoanalyst in the 20th century. In the present article, first, a brief biography of this interpreter of Sigmund Freud is presented and then his key psychoanalytic theories, largely about the infant-mother-father relationship, are summarized. These data are finally analyzed mainly according to…

  9. Love, drive and desire in the works of Freud, Lacan and Proust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gammelgaard, Judy

    2011-08-01

    Both Freud and Lacan have made love the object of scientific enquiry, which is in itself remarkable, since we usually turn this subject over to literary and philosophical treatment. This article discusses Freud and Lacan's contributions to the psychology of love through dialogue with Marcel Proust's seminal novel, Remembrance of Things Past, with special emphasis on the middle sections. The point of departure is love's manifestation in the analytical situation. Freud has described transference love as both resistance and as an extreme variant of normal falling in love, to which Lacan adds the deceptive character of transference. From transference love the investigation continues to the contradictions Freud has described in Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality as love's affectionate and sensual currents. Lacan contributes the concept of desire, which must be distinguished from drive and love. The differentiation between desire, drive and love introduces the perspective necessary for a psychoanalytic reading of Proust's opus. The main objective is a reading of the protagonists, Albertine and the Baron de Charlus, as representatives of the vicissitudes of love and drive, respectively. Copyright © 2011 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  10. The Mark, the Thing, and the Object: On What Commands Repetition in Freud and Lacan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van de Vijver, Gertrudis; Bazan, Ariane; Detandt, Sandrine

    2017-01-01

    In Logique du Fantasme , Lacan argues that the compulsion to repeat does not obey the same discharge logic as homeostatic processes. Repetition installs a realm that is categorically different from the one related to homeostatic pleasure seeking, a properly subjective one, one in which the mark "stands for," "takes the place of," what we have ventured to call "an event," and what only in the movement of return, in what Lacan calls a "thinking of repetition," confirms and ever reconfirms this point of no return, which is also a qualitative cut and a structural loss. The kind of "standing for" Lacan intends here with the concept of repetition is certainly not something like an image or a faithful description. No, what Lacan wishes to stress is that this mark is situated at another level, at another place, it is " entstellt ," and as such, it is punctually impinging upon the bodily dynamics without rendering the event, without having an external meta-point of view, but cutting across registers according to a logics that is not the homeostatic memory logics. This paper elaborates on this distinction on the basis of a confrontation with what Freud says about the pleasure principle and its beyond in Beyond the Pleasure Principle , and also takes inspiration from Freud's Project for a Scientific Psychology. We argue that Lacan's theory of enjoyment takes up and generalizes what Freud was after in Beyond the Pleasure Principle with the Wiederholungszwang , and pushes Freud's thoughts to a more articulated point: to the point where a subject is considered to speak only when it has allowed the other, through discourse, to have impacted and cut into his bodily pleasure dynamics.

  11. La hipótesis de los tres registros - simbólico, imaginario, real - en la enseñanza de J. Lacan The three registers hypothesis - symbolic, imaginary, real - in the J. Lacan work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Murillo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presenta trabajo exploramos algunos interrogantes en torno a lo que llamamos la hipótesis de los tres registros -simbólico, imaginario, real- en la enseñanza de J. Lacan. El objetivo que nos propusimos fue identificar los momentos privilegiados en la enseñanza de Lacan para el abordaje en la temática y describir su hipótesis de los tres registros. De acuerdo a nuestra hipótesis los tres registros constituyen en la enseñanza de Lacan una tesis inédita en el campo del psicoanálisis que implica a la vez un retorno a Freud y una interrogación a Freud. Para este estudio nos hemos servido principalmente de la conferencia que Lacan dictó en 1953 sobre los tres registros, y del seminario 22 de 1974-1975, también dedicado, en gran medida, a los tres registros. Concluimos que los registros son los nombres del padre, a la par que las dimensiones del ser hablante y los fundamentos del discurso y práctica psicoanalíticos.In this paper we explore some questions about what we call the three registers hypothesis -symbolic, imaginary, real- in J. Lacan work. The objective we set was to identify the pivotal moments in the work of Lacan to approach the subject and describe his three records hypothesis. According to our hypothesis, three records are in the work of Lacan an original thesis in the psychoanalysis field, which involves both a return to Freud and an interrogation to Freud. For this study we used mainly the conference that Lacan gave in 1953 on three records, and the seminar 22, 1974-1975, also dedicated largely to the three records. We conclude that the records are the father's names, and at the same time, the speaking being dimensions and psychoanalytic discourse and practice fundaments.

  12. Conceptual Modeling Framework for E-Area PA HELP Infiltration Model Simulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dyer, J. A. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2017-11-30

    A conceptual modeling framework based on the proposed E-Area Low-Level Waste Facility (LLWF) closure cap design is presented for conducting Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model simulations of intact and subsided cap infiltration scenarios for the next E-Area Performance Assessment (PA).

  13. Considerações sobre a escrita lacaniana dos discursos Considerations on the writing of lacan's discourses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio Eduardo de Castro

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A escrita lacaniana dos discursos é composta de elementos (letras, lugares (quadrantes e funções (operadores lógicos. Cada um dos discursos formalizados por Lacan é composto pela distribuição peculiar dessas letras nesses lugares e funções. Lacan estabeleceu, desse modo, uma estrutura própria para cada um dos quatro discursos: o discurso psicanalítico, o discurso do mestre, o discurso histérico e o discurso universitário. Examinamos a construção lógica feita por Lacan - principalmente no Seminário 17, O avesso da psicanálise - para cada um desses discursos, ressaltando suas consistências, aproximações e contrastes. Pretende-se demonstrar como a devida consideração à teoria lacaniana dos discursos pode ser um importante meio de abordagem psicanalítica do sujeito por meio de seu universo discursivo.The writing of Lacan's discourses is made up of elements (letters, places (quadrants and functions (logical operators. Each of these discourses formalized by Lacan is composed by the peculiar distribution of these letters in these places and functions. Lacan established, in this way, his own structure for each of the four discourses: the psychoanalytical discourse, the master discourse, the hysterical discourse and the university discourse. Lacan's logical construction was analyzed - mainly in Seminar 17, The contrary of the Psychoanalysis - for each of these discourses, highlighting their consistencies, approaches and contrasts. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how the appropriate consideration in Lacan's discourses can be an important psychoanalytical approach of the subject by means of its discursive universe.

  14. Helping Students Acquainted with Multiplication in Rectangular Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasman, Fridgo; den Hertog, Jaap; Zulkardi; Hartono, Yusuf

    2011-01-01

    Usually, multiplication is introduced to students to represent quantities that come in groups. However there is also rectangular array model which is also related to multiplication. Barmby et al. (2009) has shown that the rectangular model such as array representations encourage students to develop their thinking about multiplication as a binary…

  15. Evolutionary ecology in silico: Does mathematical modelling help

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Keywords. Computer simulation; extinction; food web; population dynamics; speciation; unified model ... Moreover, because of the availability of sufficiently fast computers, it has become possible to carry out detailed computer simulations of these models. For the sake of completeness and to put these recent developments ...

  16. Understanding earth system models: how Global Sensitivity Analysis can help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pianosi, Francesca; Wagener, Thorsten

    2017-04-01

    Computer models are an essential element of earth system sciences, underpinning our understanding of systems functioning and influencing the planning and management of socio-economic-environmental systems. Even when these models represent a relatively low number of physical processes and variables, earth system models can exhibit a complicated behaviour because of the high level of interactions between their simulated variables. As the level of these interactions increases, we quickly lose the ability to anticipate and interpret the model's behaviour and hence the opportunity to check whether the model gives the right response for the right reasons. Moreover, even if internally consistent, an earth system model will always produce uncertain predictions because it is often forced by uncertain inputs (due to measurement errors, pre-processing uncertainties, scarcity of measurements, etc.). Lack of transparency about the scope of validity, limitations and the main sources of uncertainty of earth system models can be a strong limitation to their effective use for both scientific and decision-making purposes. Global Sensitivity Analysis (GSA) is a set of statistical analysis techniques to investigate the complex behaviour of earth system models in a structured, transparent and comprehensive way. In this presentation, we will use a range of examples across earth system sciences (with a focus on hydrology) to demonstrate how GSA is a fundamental element in advancing the construction and use of earth system models, including: verifying the consistency of the model's behaviour with our conceptual understanding of the system functioning; identifying the main sources of output uncertainty so to focus efforts for uncertainty reduction; finding tipping points in forcing inputs that, if crossed, would bring the system to specific conditions we want to avoid.

  17. Consideraciones sobre los "efectos terapéuticos" en S. Freud y J. Lacan Consideration of the therapeutic effects as per S. Freud and J. Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luján Iuale

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es describir y delimitar el modo en que Freud y Lacan plantean la cuestión de lo terapéutico en psicoanálisis. Las hipótesis planteadas son: 1 Lo terapéutico en psicoanálisis adquiere su especificidad distinguiéndose de la terapéutica médica; 2 Lo terapéutico en psicoanálisis se descuenta de todo ideal de adaptación; y por ende los efectos terapéuticos no pueden ser delimitados a partir de esta noción; 3. Los efectos terapéuticos en psicoanálisis están estrechamente ligados a los analíticos. La metodología propuesta es la lectura sistemática de textos. Las fuentes utilizadas incluyen la obra de Freud y Lacan, y será a partir de una lectura sistemática de estos autores, que delimitaremos un trazado posible sobre la articulación de lo terapéutico en psicoanálisis. Por último presentaremos un caso para dar cuenta de los efectos terapéuticos.The aim of this study is to describe and to delimit therapeutic cuestion on Freud and Lacan's works. The hypothesis are: 1 In psychoanalysis the therapeutic acquires its specific distinction from medical therapy; 2 In psychoanalysis the therapeutic does not answer to an ideal of adaptation and thus therapeutic effects can not be defined by that notion;3 The therapeutic effects in psychoanalysis are narrowly tied to the analytical ones. The proposed methodology is the systematic reading of texts. The used source fountains include the work of Freud and Lacan, and it will be from a systematic reading of these authors, that we will delimit a possible tracing on the joint of the therapeutic thing in psychoanalysis. Finally we will present a case to realize of the therapeutic effects.

  18. Electricity Market Manipulation: How Behavioral Modeling Can Help Market Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallo, Giulia [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-12-18

    The question of how to best design electricity markets to integrate variable and uncertain renewable energy resources is becoming increasingly important as more renewable energy is added to electric power systems. Current markets were designed based on a set of assumptions that are not always valid in scenarios of high penetrations of renewables. In a future where renewables might have a larger impact on market mechanisms as well as financial outcomes, there is a need for modeling tools and power system modeling software that can provide policy makers and industry actors with more realistic representations of wholesale markets. One option includes using agent-based modeling frameworks. This paper discusses how key elements of current and future wholesale power markets can be modeled using an agent-based approach and how this approach may become a useful paradigm that researchers can employ when studying and planning for power systems of the future.

  19. Microenvironment Tracker (MicroTrac) Model helps track air quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    MicroTrac is a model that uses global positioning system (GPS) data to estimate time of day and duration that people spend in different microenvironments (e.g., indoors and outdoors at home, work, school).

  20. Libertad y determinación en la enseñanza de Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez, Iván

    2013-01-01

    El siguiente artículo se inscribe dentro del marco de la teoría psicoanalítica y del trabajo que se realiza en el Proyecto de Investigación UBACyT (2012 – 2014) La Libertad en psicoanálisis. Su incidencia en la Concepción de Sujeto y la Causalidad en la Obra de J. Lacan. Consecuencias Clínicas y Éticas a cargo del Lic. Pablo Diego Muñoz. Tiene como objetivo pensar posibles articulaciones sobre la determinación y la libertad que pueden encontrarse en la enseñanza de Lacan. Para lograr tal f...

  1. The Helping Model of Interpersonal Communication: Viable Alternatives for Teacher Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiordo, Richard

    1987-01-01

    Criticizes the overuse of the helping model for interpersonal communication courses in teacher education. Discusses alternatives to the helping model, including the psychological perspectives of Maslow, Clarizio, and Gellerman; Cutlip's public relations model; Rapaport's conflict resolution perspective; Goldstein's assertiveness training model;…

  2. Evolutionary ecology in silico: Does mathematical modelling help in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    2004-05-02

    May 2, 2004 ... (like years for humans or days for flies and worms). More accurate is the mortality function µ(a) = – d ln S(a)/ ... mical behaviour of the system. Although originally only two interacting species ...... Gavrilets S 2003 Models of speciation: what have we learned in. 40 years?; Evolution 57 2197–2215. Gavrilets S ...

  3. The Mark, the Thing, and the Object: On What Commands Repetition in Freud and Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gertrudis Van de Vijver

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In Logique du Fantasme, Lacan argues that the compulsion to repeat does not obey the same discharge logic as homeostatic processes. Repetition installs a realm that is categorically different from the one related to homeostatic pleasure seeking, a properly subjective one, one in which the mark “stands for,” “takes the place of,” what we have ventured to call “an event,” and what only in the movement of return, in what Lacan calls a “thinking of repetition,” confirms and ever reconfirms this point of no return, which is also a qualitative cut and a structural loss. The kind of “standing for” Lacan intends here with the concept of repetition is certainly not something like an image or a faithful description. No, what Lacan wishes to stress is that this mark is situated at another level, at another place, it is “entstellt,” and as such, it is punctually impinging upon the bodily dynamics without rendering the event, without having an external meta-point of view, but cutting across registers according to a logics that is not the homeostatic memory logics. This paper elaborates on this distinction on the basis of a confrontation with what Freud says about the pleasure principle and its beyond in Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and also takes inspiration from Freud’s Project for a Scientific Psychology. We argue that Lacan’s theory of enjoyment takes up and generalizes what Freud was after in Beyond the Pleasure Principle with the Wiederholungszwang, and pushes Freud’s thoughts to a more articulated point: to the point where a subject is considered to speak only when it has allowed the other, through discourse, to have impacted and cut into his bodily pleasure dynamics.

  4. Em torno do conceito de metáfora de Jakobson e Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelson Santana

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho resulta da leitura dos textos: “Dois aspectos da linguagem e dois tipos de afasia", de Roman Jakobson ( 1975, e "L'instance de la lettre dans l'inconscient ou la raison depuis Freud" de Jacques Lacan (1966, em comparação com a leitura que deles faz Jean-François Lyotard, em Discours Figure (1985, p. 250-60.

  5. Merleau-Ponty, Lacan e Pessoa: o esfacelamento pulsional da visão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maicon Reus Engler

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo mostra como alguns temas que Merleau-Ponty e Lacan mantêm em comum são tratados poeticamente na Ode Triunfal de Álvaro de Campos (Fernando Pessoa. Trata-se de uma tentativa de exemplificar como a literatura pode expressar a seu modo várias ideias e posições que a filosofia alcança de forma teórica. Apresentamos brevemente os conceitos de Ser Bruto e de Carne, introduzidos por Merleau-Ponty para evitar os dualismos seculares da filosofia. Além disso, esboçamos como ele, em sua obra tardia, discute o visível e o invisível no interior da mesma estratégia de reabilitação da sensibilidade que já encetara em seus primeiros escritos. Em seguida, mostramos como Lacan apropria-se de tais considerações para ressaltar a existência de uma visão, proveniente das coisas mesmas e prenhe de elementos pulsionais, que antecede o olhar do vidente. Para Lacan, o vidente sujeita-se com prazer sacrificial a tal visão e nela aniquila. Por fim, comentamos partes do poema de Pessoa em que se exemplificam os principais pontos em apreço.

  6. Brecht, Hegel, Lacan: Brecht's Theory of Gest and the Problem of the Subject

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip E. Bishop

    1986-01-01

    Full Text Available Brecht used the term "gest" to describe the generic components of human social behavior. He schooled actors in "decomposing" real conduct into distinct gestic images, which were criticized, compared, and altered by other actor-spectators. In his pedagogic theater, Brecht's young players engaged in a reciprocal process of acting and observing, which prepared them to act critically outside the theater. This gestic reciprocality echoes the master-slave dialectic in Hegel's Phenomenology and Lacan's description of the mirror phase. In Hegel, a subject achieves mastery (or self-consciousness through the recognition of another subject. In Lacan, the infant recognizes itself in an (alienated mirror-image and in its dramatic interactions with other infants. In each of these inter-subjective dialectics, the subject achieves sovereignty through the recognition of others and through a dramatic exchange with others. For Brecht, however, the structural roles of actor and spectator, teacher and student, were reversible, thus yielding a utopian notion of shared or collective sovereignty that is absent from Lacan. Furthermore, Brecht hoped that the sovereignty gained in the gestic theater would be transferred to actions outside the theater, on the stage of history.

  7. Do vazio ao objeto: das ding e a sublimação em Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariana Lucero

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se esclarecer a formulação lacaniana de que "a sublimação eleva um objeto à dignidade da Coisa". A hipótese de que das Ding, ou a Coisa, é o que permanece de irrepresentável na experiência de satisfação, o que padece do significante e pode ser remetido à pura falta, ao vazio, leva-nos a pensar a sublimação como a construção de um objeto que explicite essa opacidade. Este percurso argumentativo será ilustrado por análises da literatura de amor cortês e de algumas obras de arte referidas pelo próprio Lacan em suas considerações sobre a sublimação.From emptiness to the object: das Ding and the sublimation in Jacques Lacan. The aim is to clarify the Lacanian formulation that "sublimation raises an object to the dignity of the Thing". The hypothesis according to which das Ding, or the Thing, is what remains irrepresentable in the experience of satisfaction, what suffers from the signifier and can be related to the pure lack is developed and leads us to think sublimation as the construction of an object that express such opacity. To this end, examples from the courtly love literature and from works of art referred by Lacan in his approach of sublimation will be analyzed.

  8. Las psicosis en Freud : Contribución de los hallazgos y obstáculos freudianos a una lectura de Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    De Battista, Julieta

    2016-01-01

    ¿Por qué un libro sobre las psicosis en Freud? ¿Acaso no hay en Lacan una propuesta superadora? ¡Leamos a Lacan! Aprendamos sobre la forclusión del Nombre-del-Padre y los fenómenos elementales, ¡Lleguemos hasta los nudos! El entusiasmo de los estudiantes parece relegar a Freud a un antecedente de Lacan, una teoría ya superada, parte de la historia de la psicología, pero no de su presente. Sin embargo, Lacan nunca dejó de autoproclamarse "freudiano" incitando una y otra vez a una lectura mi...

  9. Can models help to forecast rainwater dynamics for rainfed ecosystem?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhtar Ahmed

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Simulation models are important tools to explore and illustrate dynamics of climatic variables in crop based ecosystem. In the rainfed ecosystem (RE, wheat production is impinged on certain climatic events per se high variability in rainfall and increased temperature. These climatic events turn out due to climatic drivers like Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs and pressure. Current study is aimed to analyze long term rainfall data (1961–2011 of Pakistan׳s rainfed ecosystem zone (Islamabad, Chakwal and Talagang by using Agricultural Production Systems Simulator (APSIM and R model. The principal objective of this analysis was to study the link between SOI phases and SSTs; and thereby understanding the pattern of climate change due to these climatic drivers under rainfed conditions in Pakistan. The results revealed a positive link between July SOI phases and the rainfall variability during October–November (the sowing time of wheat in Pakistan. Long term rainfall data analysis (1961–2011 of Islamabad, Chakwal and Talagang revealed 44%, 40%, 35% possibility of exceeding median rainfall near zero whereas probability of consistently negative SOI phases were 35%, 34% and 33% respectively during July. Similarly, the forecasting results estimated by R using covariates like dry spell, NINO1.2, NINO3, NINO4, NINO3.4 and IOD of different months revealed that prediction of monsoon, wheat early growth, wheat grain filling period and total wheat growing season rainfall, have significant signals with climatic drivers. The study justified the importance of models in the decision making processes and rainfall forecasting as a beneficial and necessary tool for rainfed ecosystem conservation.

  10. Models of social evolution: can we do better to predict 'who helps whom to achieve what'?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, António M M; Kokko, Hanna

    2016-02-05

    Models of social evolution and the evolution of helping have been classified in numerous ways. Two categorical differences have, however, escaped attention in the field. Models tend not to justify why they use a particular assumption structure about who helps whom: a large number of authors model peer-to-peer cooperation of essentially identical individuals, probably for reasons of mathematical convenience; others are inspired by particular cooperatively breeding species, and tend to assume unidirectional help where subordinates help a dominant breed more efficiently. Choices regarding what the help achieves (i.e. which life-history trait of the helped individual is improved) are similarly made without much comment: fecundity benefits are much more commonly modelled than survival enhancements, despite evidence that these may interact when the helped individual can perform life-history reallocations (load-lightening and related phenomena). We review our current theoretical understanding of effects revealed when explicitly asking 'who helps whom to achieve what', from models of mutual aid in partnerships to the very few models that explicitly contrast the strength of selection to help enhance another individual's fecundity or survival. As a result of idiosyncratic modelling choices in contemporary literature, including the varying degree to which demographic consequences are made explicit, there is surprisingly little agreement on what types of help are predicted to evolve most easily. We outline promising future directions to fill this gap. © 2016 The Author(s).

  11. Et kritisk bidrag til en etisk seksualpædagogik tænkt med teorier af Jacques Lacan, Jean-Luc Marion og Emmanuel Lévinas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Secher, Marianne Træbing

    2013-01-01

    Thesis. A critical contribution to an ethical sexual pedagogy through theories of Jacques Lacan, Jean-Luc Marion and Emmanuel Lévinas. In Denmark, we educate social workers, social pedagogues, and health workers in sexology.27 The state presents its view on how to get sexuality on the agenda...... to the discussion with other theories of ethics than that of right, consequences and virtue. The theme is limited to the question: How can we work ethically with sexuality, as a dilemma in the life of people who use the help offered in social psychiatry? In the thesis I suggest that we must understand...... in social services.28 In the advices and the literature on the curriculum at the diploma in sexual advisement (supplement to the BA undergraduate level), sexuality is understood mainly as a need that can be fulfilled. The ethical way to work with this is seen in line with the ethic of duty, consequence...

  12. Considerações sobre eu e o corpo em Lacan Some considerations about the moi and the body in Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Cukiert

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata da problemática do eu e do corpo em Lacan, articulados a partir de sua releitura do texto freudiano. Aponta como o autor, interrogando-se sobre a gênese do eu, retoma conceitos freudianos fundamentais tais como ego, identificação e narcisismo. Dessa forma, por meio da elaboração do registro do Imaginário e do esquema conceitual proposto pelo estádio do espelho, afirma a importância da imagem do corpo próprio na formação do eu, marcando também o desconhecimento e a alienação como constitutivos do eu. Indica como as noções de eu e de corpo sofrem transformações correlativas às retificações que Lacan opera em sua teoria, articulando-se também ao Simbólico e ao Real. Assim, no interior do campo psicanalítico delimitado pelo autor, o corpo pode ser pensado e estudado a partir de sua concepção dos três registros fundamentais: do ponto de vista do Imaginário, o corpo como imagem, do ponto de vista do Simbólico, o corpo marcado pelo significante, e do ponto de vista do Real, o corpo como sinônimo de gozo. Retoma a novidade freudiana acerca da corporeidade, afirmando que o corpo em Psicanálise não se reduz ao campo da Biologia. Finalmente, discute de que forma a teoria lacaniana possibilita repensar essa problemática a partir da linguagem.This article covers the issue of the moi and the body in Lacan, based on his re-reading of Freudian texts. It indicates how the author, questioning the constitution of the moi, goes back to Freudian fundamental concepts such as ego, identification and narcissism. In this way, through the elaboration of the Imaginary level and the proposed conceptual scheme of the mirror stage, it assures the importance of the image of the body in the formation of the moi, making also the unknown and the alienation as constituents of the moi. It indicates how the notions of the moi and the body suffer correlative transformations by the rectifications in Lacan's theory, as do the Symbolic

  13. Consideraciones sobre los "efectos terapéuticos" en S. Freud y J. Lacan Consideration of the therapeutic effects as per S. Freud and J. Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Luján Iuale; Ruth Bachmann

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo del presente trabajo es describir y delimitar el modo en que Freud y Lacan plantean la cuestión de lo terapéutico en psicoanálisis. Las hipótesis planteadas son: 1) Lo terapéutico en psicoanálisis adquiere su especificidad distinguiéndose de la terapéutica médica; 2) Lo terapéutico en psicoanálisis se descuenta de todo ideal de adaptación; y por ende los efectos terapéuticos no pueden ser delimitados a partir de esta noción; 3). Los efectos terapéuticos en psicoanálisis están estr...

  14. On the current state of the Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Klaus U

    2015-04-01

    The Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model is the most widely applied model to calculate the water balance of cover and bottom liner systems for landfills. The paper summarizes the 30 year history of the model from HELP version 1 to HELP 3.95 D and includes references to the three current and simultaneously available versions (HELP 3.07, Visual HELP 2.2, and HELP 3.95 D). A sufficient validation is an essential precondition for the use of any model in planning. The paper summarizes validation approaches for HELP 3 focused on cover systems in the literature. Furthermore, measurement results are compared to simulation results of HELP 3.95 D for (1) a test field with a compacted clay liner in the final cover of the landfill Hamburg-Georgswerder from 1988 to 1995 and (2) a test field with a 2.3m thick so-called water balance layer on the landfill Deetz near Berlin from 2004 to 2011. On the Georgswerder site actual evapotranspiration was well reproduced by HELP on the yearly average as well as in the seasonal course if precipitation data with 10% systematic measurement errors were used. However, the increase of liner leakage due to the deterioration of the clayey soil liner was not considered by the model. On the landfill Deetz HELP overestimated largely the percolation through the water balance layer resulting from an extremely wet summer due to an underestimation of the water storage in the layer and presumably also due to an underestimation of the actual evapotranspiration. Finally based on validation results and requests from the practice, plans for improving the model to a future version HELP 4 D are described. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. An alternative frame of reference for rehabilitation: the helping process versus the medical model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, T P

    1975-03-01

    In rehabilitation the frame of reference of the helping professions is significantly different from the standard medical model in the following areas: the dynamics of the relationship, basis for client's trust of the professional, activity versus passivity of both the client and the professional, and the approach to identification and solution of client problems. "The helping process" as practiced in the helping professions is not doing the task, but assisting the client to do it himself, for himself. In this process the needs, values and feelings of both the helper and the helpee must be recognized and dealt with. For the helping process to be successful, three basic conditions are required: development of mutual trust, joint exploration of the problem(s) and listening by both sides. Also involved in attaining success in the helping process is an awareness of not only the barriers in receiving help but also the difficulties in giving help.

  16. O Legado Estruturalista em Lacan: Clínica e Diagnóstico da Psicose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira Pontes

    Full Text Available Resumo A interrogação que move este trabalho é se a herança estruturalista na clínica lacaniana das psicoses estaria ultrapassada devido aos desdobramentos dos últimos ensinamentos de Lacan. Nessa direção, este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar algumas contribuições do estruturalismo à clínica lacaniana da psicose, tendo como chave de análise o chamado “diagnóstico estrutural”. Foi com o ensino de Lacan que o diagnóstico diferencial, herdeiro de Freud, passou a ser qualificado como “estrutural” ao destacar a distinção das três grandes estruturas: neurose, perversão e psicose. A justificativa para a escolha da tônica do diagnóstico estrutural para a proposta de investigação do legado estruturalista em Lacan tem como base a evidência de duas vertentes que acabariam por impor alguns questionamentos à validade do diagnóstico apoiado na distinção estrutural atualmente: os chamados novos sintomas e o movimento de pluralização do Nome-do-Pai. Nesse sentido, admite-se que um breve retorno às principais contribuições do diálogo lacaniano com o estruturalismo na década de 1950 forneça considerações importantes para enriquecer o debate e esclarecer se essa herança estruturalista na clínica das psicoses estaria ultrapassada, ensejando, assim, o valor epistêmico da discussão para o campo da Psicologia como ciência. Não obstante, destaca-se a importância das questões atuais que circunscrevem o campo diagnóstico para a abordagem do sofrimento psíquico.

  17. Mirror for the other: problem of the self in continental philosophy (from Hegel to Lacan).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasparyan, Diana

    2014-03-01

    This essay intends to explore the genesis of one of the key concepts in continental philosophy of personalism-the concept of the 'Other. It attempts to use most influential philosophical and psychological contexts to demonstrate how the Self is linked to the Other logically, notionally and conceptually. The present analysis employs two principal approaches to the problem-philosophical and psychological. From the stand point of the former, the key figure of the hereunder discourse is Hegel and his theory, while the later will be represented predominantly by Lacanian ideas. The present article will also discuss major influences of Hegel's philosophical ideas on the Lacan's theory.

  18. Sexual trauma and castration anguish: freudian courses in light of Lacan's contributions

    OpenAIRE

    Couto, Luiza Vieira; Chaves, Wilson Camilo

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho tem como objetivo articular os conceitos de trauma sexual e angústia de castração a partir dos textos freudianos e à luz das contribuições de Lacan. Em Freud, estes conceitos acompanham a construção da psicanálise enquanto campo de investigação do inconsciente. O inconsciente nos indica o vazio fundamental que movimenta o desejo, a ausência do objeto. A fantasia, através do que se orienta o desejo, representa a permanência do objeto faltoso, a alienação do eu no Ideal de um gozo...

  19. Do debate sobre o Édipo à dissolução do sujeito em Foucault e Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Terêncio, Marlos

    2013-01-01

    Este estudo discorre a respeito dos entendimentos sobre o sujeito e sua constituição a partir das obras de Michel Foucault e Jacques Lacan. Desnaturalizado, desessencializado, vazio, negativizado - seria esta a visão sobre o sujeito que Foucault e Lacan, cada qual a sua maneira, nos legam. Pretende-se trabalhar esse argumento na esteira de algumas interlocuções clássicas de Foucault com a psicanálise. Ter-se-á como fio condutor o debate em torno do complexo de Édipo e da possibilidade de sua ...

  20. Love and/in psychoanalysis: a commentary on Lacan's reading of Plato's Symposium in Seminar VIII: Transference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Bruce

    2015-02-01

    What is love and what part does it play in psychoanalysis? Where are the analyst and the analysand situated in relation to the roles defined as those of the "lover" and the "beloved"? Jacques Lacan explores these and other questions in his soon-to-be-published Seminar VIII: Transference by providing an extensive commentary on Plato's most famous dialogue on love, the Symposium. This paper outlines some of the major points about love that grow out of Lacan's reading of the dialogue and examines their relevance to the analytic setting. Can the analyst be characterized as a sort of modern-day Socrates?

  1. Sibylle Lacan. The father’s name, the daughter’s voice

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    Sandra Teroni

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available With the date ‘August 1991-June 1994’ Sibylle Lacan’s book A Father, explicitly affirms that the year she began writing marked the tenth anniversary of the death of a father also celebrated by another daughter, Judith Miller, with her lavish Album Jacques Lacan, conceived as a ‘monument’ worthy of his memory.  Sibylle’s ‘puzzle’, conversely, expresses fragmentation: that of memory, of discourse and of narrative; of the family; of communication garbled by the unspoken; and of the Self.  She portrays a hopeless search for a father – and the resulting devastation.  Comparison with the conversations recorded by Elizabeth Roudinesco in her biography of Lacan (1993 throws an interesting light on the gestation of the book and on its contribution to a rebirth, the birth, as a writer, sanctioned by Sibylle Lacan’s subsequent book, Points de suspension (2000, even as it enigmatically announces the irreparable loss of that vocation.

  2. Reading Balint group work through Lacan's theory of the four discourses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Roy, Kaatje; Marché-Paillé, Anne; Geerardyn, Filip; Vanheule, Stijn

    2016-02-05

    In Balint groups, (para)medical professionals explore difficult interactions with patients by means of case presentations and discussions. As the process of Balint group work is not well understood, this article investigates Balint group meetings by making use of Lacan's theory of the four discourses. Five Balint group case presentations and their subsequent group discussion were studied, resulting in the observation of five crucial aspects of Balint group work. First, Balint group participants brought puzzlement to the group, which is indicative of the structural impossibility Lacan situates at the basis of all discourse (1). As for the group discussion, we emphasize 'hysterization' as a crucial process in Balint group work (2), the supporting role of the discourse of the analyst (3) and the centrality of discourse interactions (4). Finally, the potential transformation of the initial puzzlement is discussed (5). We conclude by putting forth the uniqueness of Balint group work as well as the potential usefulness of our analysis as a framework for Balint group leaders and professionals in charge of continuing medical education. © The Author(s) 2016.

  3. La locura en la obra de Lacan: articulaciones con las nociones de cuerpo, manía y sexuación Madness in the Lacan work's: joints with the body, mania and sexuation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo D. Muñoz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan algunos avances del proyecto de investigación P601 (2008-2010: "Variaciones del concepto de locura en la obra de J. Lacan. Su incidencia en el diagnóstico diferencial neurosis-psicosis". Con el objetivo de avanzar en la precisión de la formalización del concepto de locura en la enseñanza de Lacan, su traducción en términos clínicos, y ponderar el modo en que dicha formalización reordena las concepciones de la locura desplegadas anteriormente en la psiquiatría y el psicoanálisis, indagamos aquí la relación de la locura con los conceptos de cuerpo, manía y sexuación.We present in this work the state and forward of the project UBACyT 2008-2010 (P601: "Variations of the concept of madness in the work of J. Lacan. Its incidence in the diagnosis differential neurosis-psychosis". With the goal of specify the formalization of the madness concept in Lacan's work, its translation in clinical terms, and analyse the way in which this formalization reorganizes the previous conceptions of madness developed in psychiatry and psychoanalysis, we investigate here the relation of madness with the concepts of body, mania and sexuation.

  4. La neurosis obsesiva en el último período de la enseñanza de J. Lacan The obsessional neurosis in the last period of J. Lacan´s teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Godoy

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo desplegamos algunas de las perspectivas que se desprenden de las formulaciones que Jacques Lacan produce sobre la neurosis obsesiva en el último período de su enseñanza, especialmente a partir del examen de esta estructura en función de su relación con el campo de lo escópico y la conciencia en tanto sinthome que sostiene el anudamiento de los registros. A partir de allí se realiza una relectura de diversos aspectos referidos a dicha estructura neurótica señalados por Freud, los post-freudianos y por el mismo Lacan en momentos previos de su enseñanza.Abstract In this work we develop some perspectives about obsessive neuroses in the last period of Jacques Lacan´s teaching, especially the relation between this structure with the look and the conscience as a sinthome, keeping the union among registers. From there we reread different aspects related with this structure, which had been distinguished by Freud, post-freudians and also Lacan in previous moments of his teaching.

  5. Lacan e a toxicomania: efeitos da ciência sobre o corpo Lacan and drug addiction: effects of the science on the body

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jésus Santiago

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Ao retomar a interrogação sobre a relação existente entre os objetos da ciência e o gozo, Lacan propõe-se também a postular, nesse contexto, o fenômeno toxicomaníaco presente no uso metódico e ordenado dos diversos produtos que vão desde os tranqüilizantes até os alucinógenos. A materialização do efeito real da ciência sobre o corpo, no caso do uso destas substâncias tóxicas, torna-se objeto de uma hipótese que se inscreve no horizonte da chamada dimensão ética do gozo. Abordar a toxicomania sob o ponto de vista ético do gozo do corpo, leva, certamente, a concebê-la como um modo particular de satisfação, distinto da dependência biológica própria de toda concepção repreensiva do problema. Esse modo de satisfação que cativa certos sujeitos é considerado uma tentativa de enfrentar as perturbações do gozo do corpo e, diante do corpo inseparável do gozo, a toxicomania poderia ser vista como um mais-gozar particular, correlativo a uma mudança operada, pela ciência, no real.Returning to the question of the relationship between science objects and jouissance, Jacques Lacan's purpose, in this context, is to claim the drug addiction phenomenon which is present in the methodic and ordered use of several products from tranquilizers to hallucinogens. The real effect of science materializing over the body when under the use of these toxic substances, becomes the object of a hypothesis inserted in the horizon of the so called ethical dimension of jouissance. The drug addiction approach under the ethical dimension of the body jouissance is certainly conceived as an idea of private satisfaction which is different from the biological dependency peculiar to every reprehensive idea of the problem. This way of satisfaction that captivates some types of subjects is seen as an attempt to face the jouissance disturbances in the body, and when facing the inseparable body from jouissance, drug addiction could be seen as a particular

  6. Context-Dependent Help for the DynaLearn Modelling and Simulation Workbench

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, W.; Bredeweg, B.; Latour, S.; Biswas, G.; Bull, S.; Kay, J.; Mitrovic, A.

    2011-01-01

    We implemented three kinds of context-dependent help for a qualitative modelling and simulation workbench called DynaLearn. We show that it is possible to generate and select assistance knowledge based on the current model, simulation results and workbench state.

  7. Clivagem, diferença e dobra na estrutura do humano: Lacan, Apel e Gadamer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santuário, Luiz Carlos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A filosofia, sendo um discurso antípodo ao discurso das ciências, no sentido de que não produz um conhecimento sobre particularidades, situa-se a priori no espaço interno de uma clivagem, de uma diferença e de uma dobra onde este discurso e este saber são produzidos e apresentados. Na cena contemporânea três pensadores, Lacan, Apel e Gadamer, tematizam a experiência do humano como ligada estritamente à linguagem enquanto elemento estruturador do humano, na medida em que este é situado no interior do espaço de uma dobra e de uma clivagem

  8. Entre o dizer e o escrito: corpo e linguagem no ensino de Jacques Lacan/Between saying and the writing: body and language in the teaching of Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Guillermo Milán-Ramos

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho, pretendo mostrar o estatuto do dizer e do escrito no ensino do psicanalista Jacques Lacan. Lacan realizou, ao longo de 26 anos ininterruptos, atividades de ensino em regime de seminário; ele mesmo realizou a recopilação de seus textos fundamentais, lançados em 1966 sob o título: Escritos . Sabe-se também que um componente fundamental da sua doutrina é sua teoria sobre o estatuto do escrito na transmissão em psicanálise. Ao longo de seu ensino, também se preocupou por definir o estatuto do dizer. O dizer e o escrito aparecem enlaçados no ensino de Lacan em uma relação de temporalidade subjetiva, na qual a função essencial do dizer é a subjetivação do escrito, e isso se produz num tempo de espera no qual o corpo se vê comprometido pela própria inscrição da teoria no corpo (castração. In the present work, I intend to show the saying and the writing statute in the teaching of psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. Lacan carried throughout 26 years uninterrupted activities of teaching into the seminary regimen; he himself made the compilation of his basic texts, launched in 1966 under the heading: Writings. We also know that a basic component of his teaching is its theory on the writing statute in the psychoanalysis transmission. Throughout his teaching, he was also worried about defining the saying statute. Saying and the writing appear enlaced in the teaching of Lacan in a relation of subjective temporality, in which the essential function of saying (theory is the subjectivation of the theoretical writing, and it is produced in an open assembly time in which the body itself is engaged for the proper inscription of the theory in the body (castration.

  9. La locura y sus versiones en la obra de J. Lacan II: locura y psicosis The madness and his versions in the J. Lacan work's II: madness and psychosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo D. Muñoz

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta parte de las conclusiones del proyecto de investigación UBACyT P601: "Variaciones del concepto de locura en la obra de J. Lacan. Su incidencia en el diagnóstico diferencial neurosis-psicosis", aprobado y financiado para el período 2008-2010. Se aborda especialmente la cuestión problemática de su delimitación conceptual en la obra de Lacan, en la cual el término locura es empleado de diversos modos. Esta variedad se plasma en su articulación con distintos conceptos y con problemas clínicos de diversa índole. La presentación conjunta de estos usos permite obtener una visión bastante amplia de las ventajas que trae servirse de alguna de las versiones de la locura que se presentan en la obra de Lacan. En este trabajo se aplican a la articulación locura-psicosis, abordando no sólo la problemática conceptual en juego en lo atinente a alcanzar una definición más precisa de "locura", sino sobre todo el agudo problema clínico que presentan lo que podríamos designar "psicosis enloquecidas".This paper presents some of the conclusions of the research project UBACyT P601: "Variations of the concept of madness in the work of J. Lacan. Its incidence in the differential diagnosis neurosis psychosis ", approved and funded for the period 2008-2010. It especially addresses the problematic issue of its conceptual delimitation in the Lacan work, in which the term "madness" is used in several senses. This variety is reflected in its theoretical concept articulation and several clinical issues. The whole presentation of these work allows a wider vision of the benefits that brings to use any of the versions of "madness" concept that arise in the work of Lacan. This work apply to the madness-psychosis articulation, addressing not only the conceptual issues, but also achieving a more precise definition of "madness"; and above of all it takes the big clinical problem in what we might call "mad psychosis".

  10. La locura y sus versiones en la obra de J. Lacan: I: locura y neurosis The madness and his versions in the J. Lacan work's: I: madness and neurosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo D. Muñoz

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta parte de las conclusiones del proyecto de investigación UBACyT P601: "Variaciones del concepto de locura en la obra de J. Lacan. Su incidencia en el diagnóstico diferencial neurosis-psicosis", aprobado y financiado para el período 2008-2010. Se aborda especialmente la cuestión problemática de su delimitación conceptual en la obra de Lacan, en la cual el término locura es empleado de diversos modos. Esta variedad se plasma en su articulación con distintos conceptos y con problemas clínicos de diversa índole. La presentación conjunta de estos usos permite obtener una visión bastante amplia de las ventajas que trae servirse de alguna de las versiones de la locura que se presentan en la obra de Lacan. En este trabajo se aplican a la articulación locura-neurosis, abordando no sólo la problemática conceptual en juego en lo atinente a alcanzar una definición más precisa de "locura", sino sobre todo el agudo problema clínico que presentan lo que podríamos designar "neurosis enloquecidas".This paper presents some of the conclusions of the research project UBACyT P601: "Variations of the concept of madness in the work of J. Lacan. Its incidence in the differential diagnosis neurosis psychosis ", approved and funded for the period 2008-2010. It especially addresses the problematic issue of its conceptual delimitation in the Lacan work, in which the term "madness" is used in several senses. This variety is reflected in its theoretical concept articulation and several clinical issues. The whole presentation of these work allows a wider vision of the benefits that brings to use any of the versions of "madness" concept that arise in the work of Lacan. This work apply to the madness-neurosis articulation, addressing not only the conceptual issues, but also achieving a more precise definition of "madness"; and above of all it takes the big clinical problem in what we might call "mad neurosis".

  11. Helping Kids Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiss, E. Renee

    2008-01-01

    Educators need to help kids help others so that they can help themselves. Volunteering does not involve competition or grades. This is one area where students don't have to worry about measuring up to the expectations of parents, teachers, and coaches. Students participate in charitable work to add another line to a college transcript or job…

  12. Algunas consideraciones contextuales en torno al primer viaje a Japón de Jacques Lacan (1963) / Contextual considerations on the subject of Laca'ns first trip to Japan (1963)

    OpenAIRE

    Altimir, Mercè

    2012-01-01

    Nuestro propósito es dar a conocer la importancia y el influjo de la cultura y el pensamiento oriental y Japón en la obra de Lacan, para cuya tarea hemos tomado el eje del viaje que realizó al archipiélago en la primavera de A partir de esta coordenada de tiempo hemos retrocedido hasta la presencia del país oriental en la obra de Sigmund Freud y hemos referido la mención del mikado y de los ainus en Tótem y tabú. En cuanto al budismo, centro del interés de Lacan en este primer viaje a las isl...

  13. Optimizing medical device buying. Value analysis models can help you improve decision-making process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldstein, Josh; Brooks, Elizabeth

    2010-05-01

    Value Analysis Models (VAMs) are a burgeoning analytical tool that can help materials managers, operating room managers, CFOs and others to make comparative value assessments before reaching a critical purchasing decision. Although relatively new to the hospital field, more and more manufacturers are supporting these initiatives to bring critical information to their customers and the health care industry. VAMs aren't designed to conclude that one product is better than another but to be a tool that can help make the product acquisition process much easier.

  14. El hombre: centro de su uiverso y de su verdad. Un acercamiento a la subjetividad en Lacan y Schopenhauer // Man: center of his universe and his truth. An approach to the idea of subjectivity in Lacan and Schopenhauer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pablo Hurtado García

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En torno a una realidad perceptible y experimental del sujeto, se puede establecer un vínculo entre el psicoanálisis lacaniano y la filosofía schopenhaueriana. Para ello, pretendo forjar en este texto una relación simple entre el concepto de representación en el pensamiento de Arthur Schopenhauer y la noción de verdad en la teoría de Jacques Lacan, para mostrar finalmente con estos planteamientos el enfoque subjetivo que pone al hombre en una realidad que se encuentra allí para él y casi condicionada por él. Para Lacan, la verdad se encuentra en lo profundo del psiquismo y puede ser revelada en el sentido de que puede ser recobrada por medio del lenguaje. Para Schopenhauer, todo aquello que pertenece al mundo se encuentra de forma inevitable condicionado por el sujeto, existiendo sólo para él como representación. En ambos, la objetividad de la materia pertenece a otro campo. // Around a perceptible and experimental reality of the subject, a link between Lacanian psychoanalysis and Schopenhauerian philosophy can be established. For that reason, I intend to build on this text a simple relationship between the concept of in Schopenhauer's thinking and the notion of in Lacan's theory, to finally show the subjective approach that places man in a reality that is there for him and almost conditioned by him. According to Lacan, truth is located deep in the psyche and can be revealed in the sense that it can be recovered through language. In Schopenhauer's opinion, everything that belongs to the world is inevitably conditioned by the subject and existing only as presentation. In both thinkers, the objectivity of matter belongs to another field.

  15. A filosofia concreta de Alexandre Kojève e a teoria do imaginário de Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Léa Silveira Sales

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O interesse de Lacan pela dialética não cai sobre o idealismo hegeliano. O que lhe atrai é a especificidade da leitura kojèviana na medida em que promove uma antropologização da Fenomenologia do Espírito. Com essa leitura, o idealismo absoluto de Hegel transforma-se numa filosofia concreta. Uma vez que foi essa a filosofia a influenciar a produção teórica de Lacan, os objetivos desse artigo são realizar uma sua exposição geral e apontar alguns importantes momentos do cruzamento entre antropogênese dialética e discurso lacaniano, ressaltando especialmente três segmentos: o que Lacan retoma de Kojève para a sua teoria do imaginário, em que pontos afasta-se dele e a influência dessa filosofia no movimento de transição do imaginário ao simbólico.

  16. SOCIEDAD Y IDEOLOGÍA DESDE LACAN Y ALTHUSSER: UNA PROPUESTA DE PSICOLOGÍA CRÍTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Miguel Juárez-Salazar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl presente trabajo busca primeramente indagar la teoría de Lacan respecto de la sociedad como significante y como estructura significante para posteriormente encontrar puntos de anclaje con la noción de ideología planteada por Louis Althusser y, de tal suerte, tratar de elucidar ambas ideas como una forma de crítica a las cuestiones de orden social y de la ideología dominante. Ambos conceptos juegan una función de amalgama dentro de los entramados simbólico e imaginario que sin lugar a dudas inciden dentro de las prácticas cotidianas y comunes de los sujetos dentro de un entorno social. La coyuntura entre la propuesta de Althusser y Lacan sugiere entonces una búsqueda que permita introducir nuevas conceptualizaciones de resistencia crítica más allá de las posiciones clínicas de Lacan y en relación con las propuestas marxistas de Althusser.

  17. NREL Helps Greensburg Set the Model for Green Communities (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-10-01

    After a massive tornado destroyed or severely damaged 95% of Greensburg, Kansas on May 4, 2007, key leaders in Greensburg and Kansas made a crucial decision not just to rebuild, but to remake the town as a model sustainable rural community. To help achieve that goal, experts from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) arrived in Greensburg in June 2007.

  18. Effect of ingratiation on supervisor satisfaction through helping behavior: A moderated mediation model

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Ali Asadullah; Sajid Haider; Carmen De Pablos Heredero; Mariam Musaddiq

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: This research intends to investigate the mediating role of helping behavior in relationship between employee ingratiation and supervisor satisfaction across high and low levels of ingratiation behavior, and answers the questions: how, when and why ingratiation is effective. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected through questionnaire surveys in hotel industry, and structural equation modelling was applied to analyze these data by using hypothetical-deductive approach. ...

  19. The Intimate Partner Violence Stigmatization Model and Barriers to Help-Seeking

    OpenAIRE

    Overstreet, Nicole M.; Quinn, Diane M.

    2013-01-01

    The Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Stigmatization Model identifies how three stigma components hinder IPV help-seeking behaviors: cultural stigma, stigma internalization, and anticipated stigma. Cultural stigma highlights societal beliefs that de-legitimize people experiencing abuse. Stigma internalization involves the extent to which people come to believe that the negative stereotypes about those who experience IPV may be true of themselves. Anticipated stigma emphasizes concern about what...

  20. 488-1D Ash Basin closure cap help modeling- Microdrain® liner option

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dyer, J. A. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2017-08-03

    At the request of Area Completion Engineering and in support of the 488-1D Ash Basin closure, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) performed hydrologic simulations of the revised 488-1D Ash Basin closure cap design using the Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model. The revised design substitutes a MicroDrain Liner®—60-mil low-density polyethylene geomembrane structurally integrated with 130-mil drainage layer—for the previously planned drainage/barrier system—300-mil geosynthetic drainage layer (GDL), 300-mil geosynthetic clay liner (GCL), and 6-inch common fill soil layer. For a 25-year, 24-hour storm event, HELP model v3.07 was employed to (1) predict the peak maximum daily hydraulic head for the geomembrane layer, and (2) ensure that South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) requirements for the barrier layer (i.e., ≤ 12 inches hydraulic head on top of a barrier having a saturated hydraulic conductivity ≤ 1.0E-05 cm/s) will not be exceeded. A 25-year, 24-hour storm event at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is 6.1 inches rainfall (Weber 1998). HELP model v3.07 results based upon the new planned cap design suggest that the peak maximum daily hydraulic head on the geomembrane barrier layer will be 0.15 inches for a minimum slope equal to 3%, which is two orders of magnitude below the SCDHEC upper limit of 12 inches.

  1. Requests for Help in a Multilingual Professional Environment Testimonies and Actantial Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lejot Eve

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Professional multilingual environments using English as a lingua franca are prone to imbalances in communication, linguistic insecurity and rising tension. Non-native English speakers develop avoidance strategies in order to lessen their apprehension. To overcome these imbalances, this research aims to understand the relationships formed around languages focusing on the dynamics of integration and the requests for help. Guided by the actantial models of Greimas (1966, this qualitative study employs semiolinguistics and discourse analysis, including 19 narrative interviews with employees of Airbus and UNESCO in Hamburg, Germany in 2013. This methodology draws on actors connected through relationships of power and/or collaboration. The actantial models applied seek linguistic input through designational paradigms, shifters and modal occurrences. The actantial models illustrate how a good language competence provides a better understanding of one’s direct as well as passive environment. The learning process is shown to be a conduit to integration. The actantial model and discourse analysis shed light on the complex situation of multilingual communication settings by highlighting the influence of individuals’ linguistic skills. As a matter of fact, depending on the role of each individual in a given situation, lending a helping hand sometimes equates to upsetting the balance.

  2. Models of social evolution: can we do better to predict ‘who helps whom to achieve what’?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, António M. M.; Kokko, Hanna

    2016-01-01

    Models of social evolution and the evolution of helping have been classified in numerous ways. Two categorical differences have, however, escaped attention in the field. Models tend not to justify why they use a particular assumption structure about who helps whom: a large number of authors model peer-to-peer cooperation of essentially identical individuals, probably for reasons of mathematical convenience; others are inspired by particular cooperatively breeding species, and tend to assume unidirectional help where subordinates help a dominant breed more efficiently. Choices regarding what the help achieves (i.e. which life-history trait of the helped individual is improved) are similarly made without much comment: fecundity benefits are much more commonly modelled than survival enhancements, despite evidence that these may interact when the helped individual can perform life-history reallocations (load-lightening and related phenomena). We review our current theoretical understanding of effects revealed when explicitly asking ‘who helps whom to achieve what’, from models of mutual aid in partnerships to the very few models that explicitly contrast the strength of selection to help enhance another individual's fecundity or survival. As a result of idiosyncratic modelling choices in contemporary literature, including the varying degree to which demographic consequences are made explicit, there is surprisingly little agreement on what types of help are predicted to evolve most easily. We outline promising future directions to fill this gap. PMID:26729928

  3. Die psigologiese identiteit van die bose: Lacan, aggressie en Op soek na generaal Mannetjies Mentz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Barnard

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available The psychological identity of evil: Lacan, aggression and Op soek na generaal Mannetjies Mentz The title of Christoffel Coetzee’s novel Op soek na generaal Mannetjies Mentz introduces a wordplay on Mentz/mens and begs the question: What is man (die “mens”? Evil as portrayed in this novel can partly be explained by referring to the violent war circumstances, or it can be attributed to the philosophical idea of the “second nature” that Mentz develops in the course of the narrative. I use Lacan’s theory of the formation of identity to explain irrational violence and evil in man. Evil – as seen in this novel – is the result of the following: the pain of a fragmented, suffering body; the identification with an ideal image or leader; the lack of self-reflection; the opposition between “us” and “them”; the Oedipal violence against the parent and the inherent violence of the law.

  4. 488-1D Ash basin closure cap help modeling-Microdrain® liner option

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dyer, J. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2017-09-06

    At the request of Area Completion Engineering and in support of the 488-1D Ash Basin closure, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) performed hydrologic simulations of the revised 488-1D Ash Basin closure cap design using the Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model. The revised design substitutes a MicroDrain Liner®—50-mil linear low-density polyethylene geomembrane structurally integrated with 130-mil drainage layer—for the previously planned drainage/barrier system—300-mil geosynthetic drainage layer (GDL), 300-mil geosynthetic clay liner (GCL), and 6-inch common fill soil layer. For a 25-year, 24-hour storm event, HELP model v3.07 was employed to (1) predict the peak maximum daily hydraulic head for the geomembrane layer, and (2) ensure that South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) requirements for the barrier layer (i.e., ≤ 12 inches hydraulic head on top of a barrier having a saturated hydraulic conductivity ≤ 1.0E-05 cm/s) will not be exceeded. A 25-year, 24-hour storm event at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is 6.1 inches rainfall (Weber 1998). HELP model v3.07 results based upon the new planned cap design suggest that the peak maximum daily hydraulic head on the geomembrane barrier layer will be 0.179 inches for a minimum slope equal to 3%, which is approximately two orders of magnitude below the SCDHEC upper limit of 12 inches.

  5. Control and support models of help-seeking behavior in women experiencing domestic violence in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahapatro, Meerambika; Gupta, R N; Gupta, Vinay K

    2014-01-01

    In India, there is limited prioritization of domestic violence, which is seen as a private and family matter, and handled as a social responsibility rather than a complaint or crime. Despite the Domestic Violence Act, implemented in 2006, the widespread phenomenon of domestic violence across Indian states goes unreported. Using control and support models, this article aims to examine women's behavior in seeking help while dealing with partner violence. It is a population-based analytical cross-sectional study covering 14,507 married women from 18 states of India, selected through a systematic multistage sampling strategy. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to generate data. It was observed that legal complexities combined with social realities make the life of an average Indian woman insecure and miserable. Most women surveyed preferred the social-support model and opined that if they face domestic violence, they would seek help from their parents as the first option in the order of preference. The responses of women while dealing with domestic violence are often spontaneous and determined by the pressing need to resolve matters within the home/community, rather than addressing them in the public domain of state institutions where procedures are cumbersome and lengthy. A new integrated development model proposed by several communities aims to prevent domestic violence through the intervention of health care systems.

  6. Help Others and Yourself Eventually: Exploring the Relationship between Help-Giving and Employee Creativity under the Model of Perspective Taking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Si; Liao, Shudi

    2017-01-01

    Although a plethora of studies have examined the antecedents of creativity, empirical studies exploring the role of individual behaviors in relation to creativity are relatively scarce. Drawing on the model of perspective taking, this study examines the relationship between help-giving during creative problem solving process and employee creativity. Specifically, we test perspective taking as an explanatory mechanism and propose organization-based self-esteem as the moderator. In a sample collected from a field survey of 247 supervisor-subordinate dyads from 2 large organizations in China at 3 time points, we find that help-giving during creative problem solving process positively related with perspective taking; perspective taking positively related with employees' creativity; employees' organization-based self-esteem strengthened the link between perspective taking and creativity; besides, there existed a moderated mediation effect. We conclude this paper with discussions on the implications for theory, research, and practice.

  7. Help Others and Yourself Eventually: Exploring the Relationship between Help-Giving and Employee Creativity under the Model of Perspective Taking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Si Li

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Although a plethora of studies have examined the antecedents of creativity, empirical studies exploring the role of individual behaviors in relation to creativity are relatively scarce. Drawing on the model of perspective taking, this study examines the relationship between help-giving during creative problem solving process and employee creativity. Specifically, we test perspective taking as an explanatory mechanism and propose organization-based self-esteem as the moderator. In a sample collected from a field survey of 247 supervisor-subordinate dyads from 2 large organizations in China at 3 time points, we find that help-giving during creative problem solving process positively related with perspective taking; perspective taking positively related with employees’ creativity; employees’ organization-based self-esteem strengthened the link between perspective taking and creativity; besides, there existed a moderated mediation effect. We conclude this paper with discussions on the implications for theory, research, and practice.

  8. Analysis of Factors that Influence Infiltration Rates using the HELP Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dyer, J. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Shipmon, J. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2017-09-28

    The Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model is used by Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) in conjunction with PORFLOW groundwater flow simulation software to make longterm predictions of the fate and transport of radionuclides in the environment at radiological waste sites. The work summarized in this report supports preparation of the planned 2018 Performance Assessment for the E-Area Low-Level Waste Facility (LLWF) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). More specifically, this project focused on conducting a sensitivity analysis of infiltration (i.e., the rate at which water travels vertically in soil) through the proposed E-Area LLWF closure cap. A sensitivity analysis was completed using HELP v3.95D to identify the cap design and material property parameters that most impact infiltration rates through the proposed closure cap for a 10,000-year simulation period. The results of the sensitivity analysis indicate that saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) for select cap layers, precipitation rate, surface vegetation type, and geomembrane layer defect density are dominant factors limiting infiltration rate. Interestingly, calculated infiltration rates were substantially influenced by changes in the saturated hydraulic conductivity of the Upper Foundation and Lateral Drainage layers. For example, an order-of-magnitude decrease in Ksat for the Upper Foundation layer lowered the maximum infiltration rate from a base-case 11 inches per year to only two inches per year. Conversely, an order-of-magnitude increase in Ksat led to an increase in infiltration rate from 11 to 15 inches per year. This work and its results provide a framework for quantifying uncertainty in the radionuclide transport and dose models for the planned 2018 E-Area Performance Assessment. Future work will focus on the development of a nonlinear regression model for infiltration rate using Minitab 17® to facilitate execution of probabilistic simulations in the GoldSim® overall

  9. Analysis of Factors that Influence Infiltration Rates using the HELP Model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dyer, J.; Shipmon, J.

    2017-01-01

    The Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model is used by Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) in conjunction with PORFLOW groundwater flow simulation software to make longterm predictions of the fate and transport of radionuclides in the environment at radiological waste sites. The work summarized in this report supports preparation of the planned 2018 Performance Assessment for the E-Area Low-Level Waste Facility (LLWF) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). More specifically, this project focused on conducting a sensitivity analysis of infiltration (i.e., the rate at which water travels vertically in soil) through the proposed E-Area LLWF closure cap. A sensitivity analysis was completed using HELP v3.95D to identify the cap design and material property parameters that most impact infiltration rates through the proposed closure cap for a 10,000-year simulation period. The results of the sensitivity analysis indicate that saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) for select cap layers, precipitation rate, surface vegetation type, and geomembrane layer defect density are dominant factors limiting infiltration rate. Interestingly, calculated infiltration rates were substantially influenced by changes in the saturated hydraulic conductivity of the Upper Foundation and Lateral Drainage layers. For example, an order-of-magnitude decrease in Ksat for the Upper Foundation layer lowered the maximum infiltration rate from a base-case 11 inches per year to only two inches per year. Conversely, an order-of-magnitude increase in Ksat led to an increase in infiltration rate from 11 to 15 inches per year. This work and its results provide a framework for quantifying uncertainty in the radionuclide transport and dose models for the planned 2018 E-Area Performance Assessment. Future work will focus on the development of a nonlinear regression model for infiltration rate using Minitab 17® to facilitate execution of probabilistic simulations in the GoldSim® overall

  10. Effect of ingratiation on supervisor satisfaction through helping behavior: A moderated mediation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ali Asadullah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This research intends to investigate the mediating role of helping behavior in relationship between employee ingratiation and supervisor satisfaction across high and low levels of ingratiation behavior, and answers the questions: how, when and why ingratiation is effective. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected through questionnaire surveys in hotel industry, and structural equation modelling was applied to analyze these data by using hypothetical-deductive approach. Findings: The results indicate that helping behavior is an important mediator of the relationship between ingratiation and supervisor satisfaction. Moreover, ingratiation is also a strong moderator of the relationship between helping behavior and supervisor satisfaction. This research concludes that employee ingratiation positively predicts helping behaviors, and consequently the supervisor satisfaction. Research limitations/implications: This study is not experimental in nature, but a cross-sectional design has been followed. Future research can focus on an experimental design by incorporating a time element, and the design and analysis should be nested since this study did not use multilevel analysis. Moreover, this study used only two forms of ingratiation for measuring employee ingratiation behavior. We suggest researchers to consider all four dimensions of ingratiation by using some distinct scales. Practical implications: This research explains mechanisms underlying supervisor-subordinate relationship, and contributes to organizational behavior research by answering the question; 'when and how ingratiation could be effective?' The findings of this study have important managerial implications, and provide future lines of research.  Social implications: The findings of this research demonstrate that ingratiation is an important tool for satisfying superiors if employees exhibit helping behaviors towards coworkers and supervisors. Particularly, new employees

  11. El hombre: centro de su uiverso y de su verdad. Un acercamiento a la subjetividad en Lacan y Schopenhauer // Man: center of his universe and his truth. An approach to the idea of subjectivity in Lacan and Schopenhauer

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Pablo Hurtado García

    2012-01-01

    En torno a una realidad perceptible y experimental del sujeto, se puede establecer un vínculo entre el psicoanálisis lacaniano y la filosofía schopenhaueriana. Para ello, pretendo forjar en este texto una relación simple entre el concepto de representación en el pensamiento de Arthur Schopenhauer y la noción de verdad en la teoría de Jacques Lacan, para mostrar finalmente con estos planteamientos el enfoque subjetivo que pone al hombre en una realidad que se encuentra allí para él y casi cond...

  12. Lacan e o Deus-infinito de Pascal: considerações sobre a aposta pascaliana e o início de uma análise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus André Vieira

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la utilización que Jaques Lacan hace de un punto específico de la obra de Blaise Pascal, relacionada con apostar en un Dios-infinito. Lacan complementa el estudio de la apuesta de Pascal con una referencia a la gracia religiosa como momento inaugural de apertura al infinito. A partir de estas consideraciones se apoya la hipótesis de que la apuesta de Pascal se aproxima a la operación requerida para iniciar un análisis. La apuesta de Pas - cal pone en juego el infinito. Con la ayuda del filósofo Alain Badiou, trataremos de demostrar que Lacan parte de la misma idea al considerar que no hay apertura al inconsciente correlativo al comienzo de un análisis- sin alguna dimensión de infinidad.

  13. Merleau-Ponty y el psicoanálisis (de Freud y Lacan: Deseo, inconsciente y lenguaje Merleau-Ponty and Freud and Lacan's psychoanalysis: Desire, unconscious and language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Lutereau

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available De acuerdo con la modificación del punto de vista de Merleau-Ponty respecto del psicoanálisis (entre 1942 y 1945 ubicaremos sus interpretaciones del deseo y la sexualidad freudiana como fundamento de la incorporación del psicoanálisis en la fenomenología merleau-pontyana. En segundo lugar, consideraremos la interpretación merleau-pontyana de la noción de inconsciente, realizada en el transcurso de la década del 50. En la tercera parte del artículo se expondrá una divergencia fundamental entre la interpretación merleau-pontyana del psicoanálisis y el psicoanálisis de Lacan a propósito de la naturaleza del lenguaje, que hace incompatibles sus nociones de deseo e inconsciente.According to the modification of Merleau-Ponty's point of view regarding psychoanalysis (between 1942 and 1945 we will recognize his interpretations of the Freudian desire and sexuality as the groundwork of the incorporation of psychoanalysis into Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology. Secondly, we will consider Merleau Ponty's interpretation of the notion of unconscious, produced in the course of the 50's. Regarding the nature of language, in the third part of the article a fundamental divergence between Merleau Ponty's interpretation of psychoanalysis and Lacan's psychoanalysis will be presented, which makes their notions of desire and unconscious incompatibles.

  14. Predicting help-seeking intention of women with urinary incontinence in Jinan, China: a theory of planned behaviour model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chen; Wang, Kefang; Sun, Tao; Xu, Dongjuan; Palmer, Mary H

    2015-02-01

    To develop and test a predictive model of women's help-seeking intention for urinary incontinence that was developed using the theory of planned behaviour and to identify factors that influenced women's help-seeking intention. Urinary incontinence is a chronic progressive condition if left untreated, but few women seek help from healthcare providers. Reasons for not seeking help have been studied in Western countries while relatively little information is available from mainland China. Questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was performed in this study. From May-October 2011, a cross-sectional survey was conducted with a representative sample of 346 incontinent women from three communities in Jinan using strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were collected via a self-administered pencil-and-paper survey that consisted of a multi-item questionnaire. Predictive model estimation was performed using structural equation model. The resultant model demonstrated that incontinent women's help-seeking intention could be predicted by their perceived self-efficacy and perceived social impact from urine loss. Perceived self-efficacy was the negative predictor, while the perceived social impact was the positive one. Overall, the predictive model explained 36% of the variance for incontinent women's help-seeking intention. The theory of planned behaviour can be used to predict help-seeking intention in women who have urinary incontinence. Community nurses should increase patients' help-seeking intention by addressing perceived social impact and perceived self-efficacy in managing incontinent symptoms. Our findings suggest that high perceived self-efficacy in dealing with incontinent symptoms could hinder incontinent women from seeking help from healthcare providers. The strong social impact women perceived, however, facilitates intention to seek help. Nurses should understand and address these factors through education and evidence-based practices to increase help

  15. Vygotsky com Lacan: considerações sobre a formação dos conceitos na adolescência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Teixeira Dutra Viola

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo apresenta um exame da relação, apontada por Lacan, entre a maturação do objeto a na puberdade e a formação dos conceitos, com ênfase na interlocução entre esse psicanalista e Vygotsky. Na perspectiva vygotskiana, a entrada no pensamento conceitual só se efetua a partir da maturação pubertária, em virtude das novas funções psíquicas adquiridas nessa fase. Essa concepção corrobora a proposição lacaniana de que as transformações decorrentes do encontro com o objeto na puberdade - tempo lógico em que o sujeito tem que se haver com a falta de uma maneira inédita - proporcionam a assimilação dos conceitos. Considerando que se trata de um debate de fundo que não é evidente no contexto em que aparece na obra de Lacan, propõe-se investigar a finalidade dessa interlocução na elaboração lacaniana sobre a puberdade, que constitui uma importante contribuição à abordagem psicanalítica da adolescência.

  16. Agent Based Modeling of Atherosclerosis: A Concrete Help in Personalized Treatments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappalardo, Francesco; Cincotti, Alessandro; Motta, Alfredo; Pennisi, Marzio

    Atherosclerosis, a pathology affecting arterial blood vessels, is one of most common diseases of the developed countries. We present studies on the increased atherosclerosis risk using an agent based model of atherogenesis that has been previously validated using clinical data. It is well known that the major risk in atherosclerosis is the persistent high level of low density lipoprotein (LDL) concentration. However, it is not known if short period of high LDL concentration can cause irreversible damage and if reduction of the LDL concentration (either by life style or drug) can drastically or partially reduce the already acquired risk. We simulated four different clinical situations in a large set of virtual patients (200 per clinical scenario). In the first one the patients lifestyle maintains the concentration of LDL in a no risk range. This is the control case simulation. The second case is represented by patients having high level of LDL with a delay to apply appropriate treatments; The third scenario is characterized by patients with high LDL levels treated with specific drugs like statins. Finally we simulated patients that are characterized by several oxidative events (smoke, sedentary life style, assumption of alcoholic drinks and so on so forth) that effective increase the risk of LDL oxidation. Those preliminary results obviously need to be clinically investigated. It is clear, however, that SimAthero has the power to concretely help medical doctors and clinicians in choosing personalized treatments for the prevention of the atherosclerosis damages.

  17. Supernatural beliefs, aetiological models and help seeking behaviour in patients with schizophrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natasha Kate

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Few studies have evaluated the supernatural beliefs of patients with schizophrenia. This study aimed to study the personal beliefs, aetiological models and help seeking behaviour of patients with schizophrenia using a self-rated questionnaire. Materials and Methods: Seventy three patients returned the completed supernatural Attitude questionnaire. Results: 62% of patients admitted that people in their community believed in sorcery and other magico-religious phenomena. One fourth to half of patients believed in ghosts/evil spirit (26%, spirit intrusion (28.8% and sorcery (46.6%. Two-third patients believed that mental illness can occur either due to sorcery, ghosts/evil spirit, spirit intrusion, divine wrath, planetary/astrological influences, dissatisfied or evil spirits and bad deeds of the past. 40% of the subjects attributed mental disorders to more than one of these beliefs. About half of the patients (46.6% believed that only performance of prayers was sufficient to improve their mental status. Few patients (9.6% believed that magico-religious rituals were sufficient to improve their mental illness but about one-fourth (24.7% admitted that during recent episode either they or their caregivers performed magico-religious rituals. Conclusion: Supernatural beliefs are common in patients with schizophrenia and many of them attribute the symptoms of mental disorders to these beliefs.

  18. Supernatural beliefs, aetiological models and help seeking behaviour in patients with schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kate, Natasha; Grover, Sandeep; Kulhara, Parmanand; Nehra, Ritu

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have evaluated the supernatural beliefs of patients with schizophrenia. This study aimed to study the personal beliefs, aetiological models and help seeking behaviour of patients with schizophrenia using a self-rated questionnaire. Seventy three patients returned the completed supernatural Attitude questionnaire. 62% of patients admitted that people in their community believed in sorcery and other magico-religious phenomena. One fourth to half of patients believed in ghosts/evil spirit (26%), spirit intrusion (28.8%) and sorcery (46.6%). Two-third patients believed that mental illness can occur either due to sorcery, ghosts/evil spirit, spirit intrusion, divine wrath, planetary/astrological influences, dissatisfied or evil spirits and bad deeds of the past. 40% of the subjects attributed mental disorders to more than one of these beliefs. About half of the patients (46.6%) believed that only performance of prayers was sufficient to improve their mental status. Few patients (9.6%) believed that magico-religious rituals were sufficient to improve their mental illness but about one-fourth (24.7%) admitted that during recent episode either they or their caregivers performed magico-religious rituals. Supernatural beliefs are common in patients with schizophrenia and many of them attribute the symptoms of mental disorders to these beliefs.

  19. La Antigona de Lacan. Comentario al apartado "La esencia de la tragedia" del seminario 7, la ética del psicoanálisis. // Lacan`s Antigone: a commentary on the section titled "The essence of tragedy" on seminar 7, the ethics of psychoanalysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Iván Jaramillo.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present paper is to show the most important elements in Lacan´s presentation related to the section titled The Essence of Tragedy in his seminar The Ethics of Psychoanalysis, by extracting from it the nodal aspects between ethics and tragedy. This commentary, despite being ruled by the lessons in the above mentioned section, will use Sophocles’ works as a direct reference to find the aspects dealing with tragedy. This is an attempt to set some consequences related to the analytical experience and the statute of the subject and the Other within the frame of the ethics of tragedy. // El presente texto tiene por objetivo mostrar los elementos relevantes de la exposición de Lacan a propósito del apartado intitulado La Esencia de la Tragedia del seminario la Ética del Psicoanálisis, extrayendo de allí los aspectos nodales entre la ética y la tragedia. Dicho comentario, pese a estar reglado por las lecciones que corresponden al apartado en cuestión, tendrán como referencia directa la obra de Sófocles para dar luz a lo correspondiente con la tragedia. Con ello se pretende fijar algunas consecuencias en relación con la experiencia analítica y el estatuto del sujeto y del Otro en el marco de la ética trágica.

  20. Contraposición del concepto de tipo anaclítico de elección de objeto en Freud y Lacan Contrast of the anaclitic object-choice concept in Freud and Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Mazzuca

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo articula el concepto freudiano de elección de objeto de tipo anaclítico con el concepto lacaniano de relación anaclítica, examinando sus relaciones, semejanzas y diferencias. En primer lugar, se delimita el concepto freudiano, se subraya la complejidad de sus relaciones con otros conceptos de la teoría de Freud, y se destaca las dificultades de comprensión en los desarrollos posfreudianos, derivadas de esa complejidad. En segundo lugar, se delimita el concepto lacaniano, o más bien, los dos conceptos de relación anaclítica que Lacan elabora en momentos distantes de su obra. Uno, en el Seminario 4, donde construye ese concepto sobre el eje del erotismo y la intersubjetividad, excluyendo los componentes de las pulsiones yoicas (núcleo del concepto freudiano. Otro, en el Seminario 16, donde la relación anaclítica queda ubicada como característica esencial de la estructura perversa en oposición a la relación narcisista, propia de la neurosis.This work articulates the Freudian concept of Anaclitic Object-Choice with the Lacanian concept of Anaclitic Relation by examining their relations, similarities and differences. First, the Freudian concept is delimited and the complexity of its relations to other concepts of the Freudian theory is highlighted, pointing out the difficulties in understanding post-Freudian developments stemming from such complexity. Secondly, the Lacanian concept is delimited, or rather both concepts of anaclitic relation developed by Lacan in different moments of his work are described. The first concept, presented in Seminar 4, Lacan builds a concept over the eroticism and intersubjectivity axis, excluding the id's drives components (the core of the Freudian concept. The other concept is presented within Seminar 16, where the anaclitic relation is considered an essential characteristic of the perverse structure in opposition to the Narcissistic relationship, which is typical of neurosis.

  1. Getting Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NIAAA College Materials Supporting Research Special Features CollegeAIM College Administrators Parents & Students Home > Special Features > Getting Help Getting Help Resources from NIAAA Treatment for Alcohol Problems: Finding and Getting Help This guide from ...

  2. Help-seeking intentions among Asian American and White American students in psychological distress: Application of the health belief model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jin E; Zane, Nolan

    2016-07-01

    Underutilization of needed mental health services continues to be the major mental health disparity affecting Asian Americans (Sue, Cheng, Saad, & Chu, 2012). The goal of this study was to apply a social psychological theoretical framework-the health belief model (Rosenstock, 1966)-to understand potential reasons why Asian Americans underutilize mental health services relative to White Americans. Using a cross-sectional online questionnaire, this study examined how perceived severity of symptoms, perceived susceptibility to mental health problems, perceived benefits of treatment, and perceived barriers to treatment influenced intentions to seek help among a sample of 395 Asian American and 261 White American students experiencing elevated levels of psychological distress. Analyses using structural equation modeling indicated that Asian Americans in distress had relatively lower intentions to seek help compared with White Americans. Perceived benefits partially accounted for differences in help-seeking intentions. Although Asian Americans perceived greater barriers to help seeking than did White Americans, this did not significantly explain racial/ethnic differences in help-seeking intentions. Perceived severity and barriers were related to help-seeking intentions in both groups. Outreach efforts that particularly emphasize the benefits of seeking mental health services may be a particularly promising approach to address underutilization. The findings have implications in help-seeking promotion and outreach. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  3. LACAN COM KRIPKE: O REAL EM JOGO NO NOME PRÓPRIO LIDO COMO UM DESIGNADOR RÍGIDO

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa,Márcia

    2015-01-01

    Este estudo coteja a teoria do Nome Próprio concebido como designador rígido, formulada pelo lógico Saul Kripke, e a teoria de Jacques Lacan sobre o Nome Próprio lido como significante puro - um significante cujo enunciado, igualando-se à sua enunciação, não tem qualquer significação ou sentido. Trata-se de assinalar pontos de convergência e de divergência entre o real em jogo na teorização lacaniana do Nome-Próprio e a essência postulada por Kripke no referente do Nome-Próprio. Ao mencionar,...

  4. An experimental model of an indigenous BCI based system to help disabled people to communicate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabir, Kazi Sadman; Rahman, Chowdhury M. Abid; Farayez, Araf; Ferdous, Mahbuba

    2017-12-01

    In this paper a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) system has been proposed to help patients suffering from motor disease, paralysis or locked in syndrome to communicate via eye blinking. In this proposed BCI system EEG data is fetched by NeuroSky Headset and then analyzed by the help of WPF (Windows Presentation Foundation) based serial monitor to detect the EEG signal when the eye gives a blink. This detection of eye blinking can be used to select predefined texts and those texts can be converted to speech. The experimental result shows that this system can be used as an effective and efficient tool to communicate through brain.

  5. Online Help-Seeking in Communities of Practice: Modeling the Acceptance of Conceptual Artifacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistor, Nicolae; Schworm, Silke; Werner, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    Interactive online help systems are considered to be a fruitful supplement to traditional IT helpdesks, which are often overloaded. They often comprise user-generated FAQ collections playing the role of technology-based conceptual artifacts. Two main questions arise: how the conceptual artifacts should be used, and which factors influence their…

  6. The Montessori Model in Puebla, Mexico: How One Nonprofit Is Helping Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harger, Jeni

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses how the JUCONI Foundation in Puebla, Mexico is helping children. (JUCONI is an acronym for "Junto con los Ninos", or "Together with the Children)." This Mexican nongovernmental organization (NGO) has been successfully working with distressed families and children in Puebla since 1989. For…

  7. Will building new reservoirs always help increase the water supply reliability? - insight from a modeling-based global study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Y.; Tian, F.; Yigzaw, W.; Hejazi, M. I.; Li, H. Y.; Turner, S. W. D.; Vernon, C. R.

    2017-12-01

    More and more reservoirs are being build or planned in order to help meet the increasing water demand all over the world. However, is building new reservoirs always helpful to water supply? To address this question, the river routing module of Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) has been extended with a simple yet physical-based reservoir scheme accounting for irrigation, flood control and hydropower operations at each individual reservoir. The new GCAM river routing model has been applied over the global domain with the runoff inputs from the Variable Infiltration Capacity Model. The simulated streamflow is validated at 150 global river basins where the observed streamflow data are available. The model performance has been significantly improved at 77 basins and worsened at 35 basins. To facilitate the analysis of additional reservoir storage impacts at the basin level, a lumped version of GCAM reservoir model has been developed, representing a single lumped reservoir at each river basin which has the regulation capacity of all reservoir combined. A Sequent Peak Analysis is used to estimate how much additional reservoir storage is required to satisfy the current water demand. For basins with water deficit, the water supply reliability can be improved with additional storage. However, there is a threshold storage value at each basin beyond which the reliability stops increasing, suggesting that building new reservoirs will not help better relieve the water stress. Findings in the research can be helpful to the future planning and management of new reservoirs.

  8. The 3 x 2 Achievement Goal Model in Predicting Online Student Test Anxiety and Help-Seeking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yan; Taylor, Jeff; Cao, Li

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates the utility of the new 3 × 2 achievement goal model in predicting online student test anxiety and help-seeking. Achievement goals refer to students' general aims for participating in learning and the standard by which they judge their achievement (Pintrich, 2000). According to Elliot and his colleagues (2011), there are six…

  9. Developing Algebra Structure Module and Model of Cooperative Learning Helping Concept Map Media for Improving Proofing Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syafari

    2017-01-01

    This research was purposed to develop module and learning model and instrument of proofing ability in algebra structure through cooperative learning with helping map concept media for students of mathematic major and mathematics education in State University and Private University in North Sumatra province. The subject of this research was the…

  10. Can Bayesian Belief Networks help tackling conceptual model uncertainties in contaminated site risk assessment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troldborg, Mads; Thomsen, Nanna Isbak; McKnight, Ursula S.

    A key component in risk assessment of contaminated sites is the formulation of a conceptual site model. The conceptual model is a simplified representation of reality and forms the basis for the mathematical modelling of contaminant fate and transport at the site. A conceptual model should...... therefore identify the most important site-specific features and processes that may affect the contaminant transport behaviour at the site. The development of a conceptual model will always be associated with uncertainties due to lack of data and understanding of the site conditions, and often many...... different conceptual models may describe the same contaminated site equally well. In many cases, conceptual model uncertainty has been shown to be one of the dominant sources for uncertainty and is therefore essential to account for when quantifying uncertainties in risk assessments. We present here...

  11. Reality of using a model from local governments' perspective-How science community can help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzazad, S.

    2016-12-01

    Local governments across the US use historic data to approve capital improvement projects and update comprehensive/zoning plans. Due to the effects of climate change, historic data sets are no longer suitable, which requires communities to use climate models to project the future. However, the use of climate models also presents challenges for local governments such as: Variations between models: Because model-development methodologies vary, different climate models provide different end results. A local governments' decision concerning which climate model to use is tricky because the model drives policy direction and infrastructure investments that can be both expensive and controversial. Communicating the gaps of a model: There are always uncertainties associated with modeling. These gaps may range from the scale of a model to the type of data used in modeling. Effectively communicating this to a community is crucial to gain political support. Managing politics associated with using a model: In many cases, models project changes to the built environment that will detrimentally affect private property owners. This can result in strong push back from the community and could threaten the local tax base. Scientists have important roles; from development to delivery of models to assisting local governments navigate through these challenges. Bringing in entities with experience of working with local governments can contribute to a successful outcome. In this proposed session, ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability will use the USGS CoSMoS as a case study for lessons learned in establishing a framework for effective collaboration between local governments and the science community.

  12. Cure modeling in real-time prediction: How much does it help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, Gui-Shuang; Zhang, Qiang; Lan, Yu; Li, Yimei; Heitjan, Daniel F

    2017-08-01

    Various parametric and nonparametric modeling approaches exist for real-time prediction in time-to-event clinical trials. Recently, Chen (2016 BMC Biomedical Research Methodology 16) proposed a prediction method based on parametric cure-mixture modeling, intending to cover those situations where it appears that a non-negligible fraction of subjects is cured. In this article we apply a Weibull cure-mixture model to create predictions, demonstrating the approach in RTOG 0129, a randomized trial in head-and-neck cancer. We compare the ultimate realized data in RTOG 0129 to interim predictions from a Weibull cure-mixture model, a standard Weibull model without a cure component, and a nonparametric model based on the Bayesian bootstrap. The standard Weibull model predicted that events would occur earlier than the Weibull cure-mixture model, but the difference was unremarkable until late in the trial when evidence for a cure became clear. Nonparametric predictions often gave undefined predictions or infinite prediction intervals, particularly at early stages of the trial. Simulations suggest that cure modeling can yield better-calibrated prediction intervals when there is a cured component, or the appearance of a cured component, but at a substantial cost in the average width of the intervals. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Concepción de la consistencia imaginaria de Freud a Lacan y su lugar en el nudo Borromeo. (Conception of the Imaginary Consistency from Freud to Lacan and Its Place in the Borromean Knot.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Zorelly Giraldo Aristizábal

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo es síntesis de una investigación ya terminada, orientada por la pregunta: ¿Qué lugar tiene la consistencia imaginaria en el nudo borromeo? Fueron tomados como referentes principales Sigmund Freud y Jacques Lacan. Para su desarrollo se revisaron planteamientos acerca de la libido, la pulsión y otros más elementos de lo imaginario, tales como las experiencias ópticas y el nudo borromeo. Este último, figura topológica que ilustra la manera en que se articulan los registros, pero además, muestra que se tejen entre ellos en función de un elemento central que tiene una faz imaginaria y también tiene la consistencia que puede tener un concepto, este elemento es el objeto a. Palabras clave: Nudo borromeo, consistencia, imaginario, topología. Abstract This article summarizes an investigation led by the question: which is the place of the imaginary consistency in the Borromean knot? The main references of the investigation were Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan. For the development of this, there were revised different approaches to libido, drive, and other elements of the imaginary such as the optic experiences and the Borromean knot. This last one, topologic figure that illustrates how the different orders articulate, shows how they interconnect with each other around a central element which has an imaginary face and also the consistency of a concept: object a. Keywords: Borromean knot, consistency, imaginary, topology. Résumé Cet article est la synthèse d'une recherche déjà terminée et dont la question directrice était la suivante : quelle est la place de la consistance imaginaire dans le Nœud borroméen ? Sigmund Freud et Jacques Lacan ont été les auteurs de référence pour ce texte. Des réflexions à propos de la libido, la pulsion et d'autres éléments ayant trait au domaine de l'imaginaire tels que les expériences optiques et le Nœud borroméen ont été abordées. Ce dernier, figure topologique

  14. Inclusão da loucura no pensar: um diálogo possível entre Lacan e a fenomenologia husserliana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Manzi Filho

    Full Text Available Resumo Por que pensar a loucura teria algum sentido na filosofia? A tese de Jacques Lacan de 1932 nos dá uma dica. Pois o autor se volta a um caso de paranoia e esboça algumas críticas à fenomenologia husserliana. A aposta desse texto é tentar mostrar que a reflexão sobre o que é dito enquanto anormal pode abrir um espaço para repensar a fenomenologia husserliana.

  15. Markov chain model helps predict pitting corrosion depth and rate in underground pipelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caleyo, F.; Velazquez, J.C.; Hallen, J. M. [ESIQIE, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Esquivel-Amezcua, A. [PEMEX PEP Region Sur, Villahermosa, Tabasco (Mexico); Valor, A. [Universidad de la Habana, Vedado, La Habana (Cuba)

    2010-07-01

    Recent reports place pipeline corrosion costs in North America at seven billion dollars per year. Pitting corrosion causes the higher percentage of failures among other corrosion mechanisms. This has motivated multiple modelling studies to be focused on corrosion pitting of underground pipelines. In this study, a continuous-time, non-homogenous pure birth Markov chain serves to model external pitting corrosion in buried pipelines. The analytical solution of Kolmogorov's forward equations for this type of Markov process gives the transition probability function in a discrete space of pit depths. The transition probability function can be completely identified by making a correlation between the stochastic pit depth mean and the deterministic mean obtained experimentally. The model proposed in this study can be applied to pitting corrosion data from repeated in-line pipeline inspections. Case studies presented in this work show how pipeline inspection and maintenance planning can be improved by using the proposed Markovian model for pitting corrosion.

  16. How Does Knowing Snowpack Distribution Help Model Calibration and Reservoir Management?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, C. B.; Mazurkiewicz, A.; McGurk, B. J.; Painter, T. H.

    2014-12-01

    Well calibrated hydrologic models are a necessary tool for reservoir managers to meet increasingly complicated regulatory, environmental and consumptive demands on water supply systems. Achieving these objectives is difficult during periods of drought, such as seen in the Sierra Nevada in recent years. This emphasizes the importance of accurate watershed modeling and forecasting of runoff. While basin discharge has traditionally been the main criteria for model calibration, many studies have shown it to be a poor control on model calibration where correct understanding of the subbasin hydrologic processes are required. Additional data sources such as snowpack accumulation and melt are often required to create a reliable model calibration. When allocating resources for monitoring snowpack conditions, water system managers often must choose between monitoring point locations at high temporal resolution (i.e. real time weather and snow monitoring stations) and large spatial surveys (i.e. remote sensing). NASA's Airborne Snow Observatory (ASO) provides a unique opportunity to test the relative value of spatially dense, temporally sparse measurements vs. temporally dense, spatially sparse measurements for hydrologic model calibration. The ASO is a demonstration mission using coupled LiDAR and imaging spectrometer mounted to an aircraft flying at 6100 m to collect high spatial density measurements of snow water content and albedo over the 1189 km2 Tuolumne River Basin. Snow depth and albedo were collected weekly throughout the snowmelt runoff period at 5 m2 resolution during the 2013-2014 snowmelt. We developed an implementation of the USGS Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) for the Tuolumne River above Hetch Hetchy Reservoir, the primary water source for San Francisco. The modeled snow accumulation and ablation was calibrated in 2 models using either 2 years of weekly measurements of distributed snow water equivalent from the ASO, or 2 years of 15 minute snow

  17. Electricity Market Games: How Agent-Based Modeling Can Help under High Penetrations of Variable Generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallo, Giulia

    2016-03-01

    Integrating increasingly high levels of variable generation in U.S. electricity markets requires addressing not only power system and grid modeling challenges but also an understanding of how market participants react and adapt to them. Key elements of current and future wholesale power markets can be modeled using an agent-based approach, which may prove to be a useful paradigm for researchers studying and planning for power systems of the future.

  18. Mandibular Defect Reconstruction with the Help of Mirror Imaging Coupled with Laser Stereolithographic Modeling Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing-Wei Lee

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available With the advent of microsurgery, composite defect in the mandible can be repaired with various forms of osteocutaneous free flaps. However, it is difficult to accurately reconstruct a large defect in the mandible when not enough mandibular reference blueprints remain. This case report describes a large ameloblastoma at the left lower molar region and ascending ramus of the mandible in a 53-year-old male patient. Before surgery, spiral computed tomography scanning of the whole skull of the patient was performed. Using three-dimensional reconstruction and mirror imaging coupled with laser stereolithographic technique, a complete mandibular biomodel with idealized shape was fabricated. A titanium reconstruction plate was made using the biomodel as a guide. The tumor mass together with the left mandible from the second premolar to the condylar head area was resected en bloc. The large mandibular defect was then reconstructed with the precontoured titanium plate and three segments of vascularized fibular bone graft fixed along the plate. The temporomandibular joint was restored with temporalis muscle as an interpositional disc replacement. The complex defect in the mandible was thus repaired with satisfactory functioning and esthetic result. We suggest that with the help of mirror imaging coupled with laser stereolithographic technique, a precontoured titanium plate can be made for the reconstruction of large mandibular defects. [J Formos Med Assoc 2007;106(3:244-250

  19. Physiologically-based toxicokinetic models help identifying the key factors affecting contaminant uptake during flood events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brinkmann, Markus; Eichbaum, Kathrin [Department of Ecosystem Analysis, Institute for Environmental Research,ABBt – Aachen Biology and Biotechnology, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 1, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Kammann, Ulrike [Thünen-Institute of Fisheries Ecology, Palmaille 9, 22767 Hamburg (Germany); Hudjetz, Sebastian [Department of Ecosystem Analysis, Institute for Environmental Research,ABBt – Aachen Biology and Biotechnology, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 1, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Mies-van-der-Rohe-Straße 1, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Cofalla, Catrina [Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Mies-van-der-Rohe-Straße 1, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Buchinger, Sebastian; Reifferscheid, Georg [Federal Institute of Hydrology (BFG), Department G3: Biochemistry, Ecotoxicology, Am Mainzer Tor 1, 56068 Koblenz (Germany); Schüttrumpf, Holger [Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, RWTH Aachen University, Mies-van-der-Rohe-Straße 1, 52056 Aachen (Germany); Preuss, Thomas [Department of Environmental Biology and Chemodynamics, Institute for Environmental Research,ABBt- Aachen Biology and Biotechnology, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 1, 52074 Aachen (Germany); and others

    2014-07-01

    Highlights: • A PBTK model for trout was coupled with a sediment equilibrium partitioning model. • The influence of physical exercise on pollutant uptake was studies using the model. • Physical exercise during flood events can increase the level of biliary metabolites. • Cardiac output and effective respiratory volume were identified as relevant factors. • These confounding factors need to be considered also for bioconcentration studies. - Abstract: As a consequence of global climate change, we will be likely facing an increasing frequency and intensity of flood events. Thus, the ecotoxicological relevance of sediment re-suspension is of growing concern. It is vital to understand contaminant uptake from suspended sediments and relate it to effects in aquatic biota. Here we report on a computational study that utilizes a physiologically based toxicokinetic model to predict uptake, metabolism and excretion of sediment-borne pyrene in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). To this end, data from two experimental studies were compared with the model predictions: (a) batch re-suspension experiments with constant concentration of suspended particulate matter at two different temperatures (12 and 24 °C), and (b) simulated flood events in an annular flume. The model predicted both the final concentrations and the kinetics of 1-hydroxypyrene secretion into the gall bladder of exposed rainbow trout well. We were able to show that exhaustive exercise during exposure in simulated flood events can lead to increased levels of biliary metabolites and identified cardiac output and effective respiratory volume as the two most important factors for contaminant uptake. The results of our study clearly demonstrate the relevance and the necessity to investigate uptake of contaminants from suspended sediments under realistic exposure scenarios.

  20. Physiologically-based toxicokinetic models help identifying the key factors affecting contaminant uptake during flood events

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brinkmann, Markus; Eichbaum, Kathrin; Kammann, Ulrike; Hudjetz, Sebastian; Cofalla, Catrina; Buchinger, Sebastian; Reifferscheid, Georg; Schüttrumpf, Holger; Preuss, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • A PBTK model for trout was coupled with a sediment equilibrium partitioning model. • The influence of physical exercise on pollutant uptake was studies using the model. • Physical exercise during flood events can increase the level of biliary metabolites. • Cardiac output and effective respiratory volume were identified as relevant factors. • These confounding factors need to be considered also for bioconcentration studies. - Abstract: As a consequence of global climate change, we will be likely facing an increasing frequency and intensity of flood events. Thus, the ecotoxicological relevance of sediment re-suspension is of growing concern. It is vital to understand contaminant uptake from suspended sediments and relate it to effects in aquatic biota. Here we report on a computational study that utilizes a physiologically based toxicokinetic model to predict uptake, metabolism and excretion of sediment-borne pyrene in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). To this end, data from two experimental studies were compared with the model predictions: (a) batch re-suspension experiments with constant concentration of suspended particulate matter at two different temperatures (12 and 24 °C), and (b) simulated flood events in an annular flume. The model predicted both the final concentrations and the kinetics of 1-hydroxypyrene secretion into the gall bladder of exposed rainbow trout well. We were able to show that exhaustive exercise during exposure in simulated flood events can lead to increased levels of biliary metabolites and identified cardiac output and effective respiratory volume as the two most important factors for contaminant uptake. The results of our study clearly demonstrate the relevance and the necessity to investigate uptake of contaminants from suspended sediments under realistic exposure scenarios

  1. Mechanistic modeling of cyclic voltammetry: A helpful tool for understanding biosensor principles and supporting design optimization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Semenova, Daria; Zubov, Alexandr; Silina, Yuliya E.

    2018-01-01

    development and to perform cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements. As initial step in the model development we proposed the interpretation of experimental voltammograms obtained in the absence of substrate (glucose). The model equations describe dynamic diffusion and reaction of the involved species (oxygen...... optimization were independently supported by results of cyclic voltammetry and multi-analytical studies, such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). Remarkably, a linear...

  2. Can simulation models help design rice cultivars that are more competitive against weeds?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bastiaans, L.; Kropff, M.J.; Kempuchetty, N.; Rajan, A.; Migo, T.R.

    1997-01-01

    Differences in competitive ability between rice cultivars IR8 and Mahsuri, grown in well-fertilised irrigated conditions, were analysed by means of a mechanistic simulation model (INTERCOM) for crop-weed interaction. The analysis revealed that the greater competitive ability of Mahsuri was due

  3. El imaginario, narcisismo y agresividad en psicoanálisis: del joven Lacan a la violencia urbana // Imaginary, narcissism and aggressivness in psychoanalysis: since young Lacan until urban violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Rojas Navarro

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende establecer, a partir de la pregunta por la constitución subjetiva, un recorrido teórico por algunas de las grandes problemáticas en torno a lo imaginario, el narcisismo y la agresividad, tal y como se desprenden de algunos de los trabajos clave de Jacques Lacan entre 1936 y 1949. A partir de ello, se propone una interrogación del fenómeno de la violencia urbana, propio de la vida con y entre otros. Se intentará mostrar así el potencial teórico que retienen los trabajos tempranos del psicoanalista francés y, al mismo tiempo, intentar hipótesis interpretativas del fenómeno de la violencia que no la reduzcan a un hecho "externo" al sujeto, causado por una presunta decadencia de la fuerza de la ley. // The current article aims to establish, since the question about the subjective composition, a theoretical exploration through some of the biggest questions around imaginary, narcissism, and aggressiveness; as well as in some of Lacan’s key works between 1936 and 1949. After that, a question about the urban violence — typical in life with and among others— appears. Trying to show the theoretical potential inside the French psychoanalyst’s early works

  4. OPTIMIZATION OF FEED FOR UNPRODUCTIVE ANIMALS WITH THE HELP OF MATHEMATICAL MODELING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. V. Alekseev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes a new approach to improve the resource saving in the production of pet food through the use of secondary raw materials and optimal food recipes provided by mathematical modeling on the basis of fuzzy logic device. Unstable quality indicators of raw materials and the interaction between the components of the mixture make it more difficult to construct a complete mathematical model. That is why modeling of recipes for unproductive animals food is carried out by means of fuzzy logic device. The advantage of this method is the ability to carry out the analysis, in a subjective evaluation of empirical data and the absence of an explicit numerical form of result. The advantages of these systems are particularly bright when designing multicomponent food products, where the uncertainty of input and output parameters is high and the quality is assessed by sensory analysis. Fuzzy logic device allows to improve the quality of objects management, to determine the optimal ratio of recipe components when designing new types of multicomponent dry food products and to reduce the number of experiments. Moreover it provides the opportunity to improve the production management and the finished product control quality in conditions of information uncertainty, which is typical for real production in food industries. To implement the proposed method, we used the Fuzzy Logic Toolbox module, included in the MatLab package, and to represent the modeling results graphically, we used the Surfase Viewer module. The analytical calculations and experimental results showing the efficiency of the proposed method for different gender groups of animals are given.

  5. Oceanic circulation models help to predict global biogeography of pelagic yellow-bellied sea snake

    OpenAIRE

    Brischoux, François; Cotté, Cédric; Lillywhite, Harvey B.; Bailleul, Frédéric; Lalire, Maxime; Gaspar, Philippe

    2016-01-01

    It is well recognized that most marine vertebrates, and especially tetrapods, precisely orient and actively move in apparently homogeneous oceanic environments. Here, we investigate the presumptive role of oceanic currents in biogeographic patterns observed in a secondarily marine tetrapod, the yellow-bellied sea snake (Hydrophis [Pelamis] platurus). State-of-the-art world ocean circulation models show how H. platurus, the only pelagic species of sea snake, can potentially exploit oceanic cur...

  6. Are we overestimating the niche? Removing marginal localities helps ecological niche models detect environmental barriers

    OpenAIRE

    Soley?Guardia, Mariano; Guti?rrez, Eli?cer E.; Thomas, Darla M.; Ochoa?G, Jos?; Aguilera, Marisol; Anderson, Robert P.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Correlative ecological niche models (ENMs) estimate species niches using occurrence records and environmental data. These tools are valuable to the field of biogeography, where they are commonly used to infer potential connectivity among populations. However, a recent study showed that when locally relevant environmental data are not available, records from patches of suitable habitat protruding into otherwise unsuitable regions (e.g., gallery forests within dry areas) can lead to ov...

  7. Are we overestimating the niche? Removing marginal localities helps ecological niche models detect environmental barriers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soley-Guardia, Mariano; Gutiérrez, Eliécer E; Thomas, Darla M; Ochoa-G, José; Aguilera, Marisol; Anderson, Robert P

    2016-03-01

    Correlative ecological niche models (ENMs) estimate species niches using occurrence records and environmental data. These tools are valuable to the field of biogeography, where they are commonly used to infer potential connectivity among populations. However, a recent study showed that when locally relevant environmental data are not available, records from patches of suitable habitat protruding into otherwise unsuitable regions (e.g., gallery forests within dry areas) can lead to overestimations of species niches and their potential distributions. Here, we test whether this issue obfuscates detection of an obvious environmental barrier existing in northern Venezuela - that of the hot and xeric lowlands separating the Península de Paraguaná from mainland South America. These conditions most likely promote isolation between mainland and peninsular populations of three rodent lineages occurring in mesic habitat in this region. For each lineage, we calibrated optimally parameterized ENMs using mainland records only, and leveraged existing habitat descriptions to assess whether those assigned low suitability values corresponded to instances where the species was collected within locally mesic conditions amidst otherwise hot dry areas. When this was the case, we built an additional model excluding these records. We projected both models onto the peninsula and assessed whether they differed in their ability to detect the environmental barrier. For the two lineages in which we detected such problematic records, only the models built excluding them detected the barrier, while providing additional insights regarding peninsular populations. Overall, the study reveals how a simple procedure like the one applied here can deal with records problematic for ENMs, leading to better predictions regarding the potential effects of the environment on lineage divergence.

  8. Can Agrometeorological Indices of Adverse Weather Conditions Help to Improve Yield Prediction by Crop Models?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branislava Lalić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The impact of adverse weather conditions (AWCs on crop production is random in both time and space and depends on factors such as severity, previous agrometeorological conditions, and plant vulnerability at a specific crop development stage. Any exclusion or improper treatment of any of these factors can cause crop models to produce significant under- or overestimates of yield. The analysis presented in this paper focuses on a range of agrometeorological indices (AMI related to AWCs that might affect real yield as well as simulated yield. For this purpose, the analysis addressed four indicators of extreme temperatures and three indicators of dry conditions during the growth period of maize and winter wheat in Austria, Croatia, Serbia, Slovakia, and Sweden. It is shown that increases in the number and intensity of AWCs cannot be unambiguously associated with increased deviations in simulated yields. The identified correlations indicate an increase in modeling uncertainty. This finding represents important information for the crop modeling community. Additionally, it opens a window of opportunity for a statistical (“event scenario” approach based on correlations between agrometeorological indices of AWCs and crop yield data series. This approach can provide scenarios for certain locations, crop types, and AWC patterns and, therefore, improve yield forecasting in the presence of AWCs.

  9. Why hasn't studying perception in autism spectrum disorders helped us create a cognitive model?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adlam, Jonathan

    2015-09-01

    There are a number of cognitive models of autism that aim to explain how mental processes are handled differently in the condition. These models make claims about the nature of cognitive function in people with autism, and suggest that these differences applied in social contexts lead to the characteristic behavioural patterns. However, it is difficult to study these cognitive differences directly because of the complexity of social situations. Studies of perceptual function are tempting as an alternative way to study cognition because it is far easier to control the conditions and the stimuli that participants are exposed to. This makes hypothesis generation and interpretation of results more objective and more convincing. However, the study of perception in autism hasn't been very productive in contributing towards a model of cognition in autism. In many areas there are studies reporting contradictory results, preventing arrival at a consensus about the largest unresolved issues in the area. These studies tend to be repeated multiple times, but continue to provide contradictory evidence that doesn't allow us to place confidence in any of the cognitive models. An approach to these issues is proposed, focusing on critical analysis of contradictory studies rather than the endless process of repetition. This allows previous studies to be interpreted more objectively and resolve conflicts, and guides the design of future studies in ways that avoid the pitfalls that have been identified. Both of these outcomes result in more productive work being done. The first example is in the study of motion perception in autism, where the use of non-identical stimuli has been problematic. On closer critical analysis, a fundamental aspect of the motion stimuli demonstrates that the contradictions might be expected based on the differences in stimuli used. Addressing this issue can move the field towards resolution. A second example is in the study of spatial frequency sensitivity

  10. Historical perspective on advanced drug delivery: how engineering design and mathematical modeling helped the field mature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peppas, Nicholas A

    2013-01-01

    We review the early developments in drug delivery from 1960 to 1990 with emphasis on the fundamental aspects of the field and how they shaped the collaboration of pharmaceutical scientists, chemists, biologists, engineers and medical scientists towards the development of advanced drug delivery systems. Emphasis is given on the advances of biomaterials as drug delivery agents and on the use of design equations and mathematical modeling to achieve a wide range of successful systems. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Modernization of vertical Pelton turbines with the help of CFD and model testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mack, Reiner; Gola, Bartlomiej; Smertnig, Martin; Wittwer, Bernhard; Meusburger, Peter

    2014-03-01

    The modernization of water turbines bears a high potential of increasing the already installed hydropower capacity. In many projects the existing waterways allow a substantial increase of the available flow capacity and with it the energy output. But also the upgrading onto a state of the art hydraulic, mechanical and electrical design will increase the available power considerably after the rehabilitation. The two phase nature of the flow in Pelton turbines requires for the hydraulic refurbishment special care in the application of the available design methods. Where the flow in the high pressure section of the turbine is mainly of one phase nature, CFD has been used as a standard tool for many years. Also the jet quality, and with it the exploration of the source of flow disturbances that cause poor free surface quality can be investigated with CFD. The interaction of the jet with the buckets of the runner is also examined by means of CFD. However, its accuracy with respect to hydraulic efficiency is, because of the two phase flow and the transient flow process, in very few cases good enough for a reliable and accurate prediction of absolute numbers. The optimization of hydraulic bucket profiles is therefore always checked with measurements in homologous scaled model turbines. A similar situation exists for the housing flow after the water is discharged from the runner. Here also CFD techniques are available to explore the general mechanisms. However, due to the two phase flow nature, where only a very small space is filled with moving water, the experimental setup in a model turbine is always the final proof for optimizations of housing inserts and modifications. The hydraulic design of a modernization project for a power station equipped with vertical Pelton turbines of two different designs is described in the proposed paper. It will be shown, how CFD is applied to determine the losses in the high pressure section and how these results are combined with the

  12. Modernization of vertical Pelton turbines with the help of CFD and model testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mack, Reiner; Gola, Bartlomiej; Smertnig, Martin; Wittwer, Bernhard; Meusburger, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The modernization of water turbines bears a high potential of increasing the already installed hydropower capacity. In many projects the existing waterways allow a substantial increase of the available flow capacity and with it the energy output. But also the upgrading onto a state of the art hydraulic, mechanical and electrical design will increase the available power considerably after the rehabilitation. The two phase nature of the flow in Pelton turbines requires for the hydraulic refurbishment special care in the application of the available design methods. Where the flow in the high pressure section of the turbine is mainly of one phase nature, CFD has been used as a standard tool for many years. Also the jet quality, and with it the exploration of the source of flow disturbances that cause poor free surface quality can be investigated with CFD. The interaction of the jet with the buckets of the runner is also examined by means of CFD. However, its accuracy with respect to hydraulic efficiency is, because of the two phase flow and the transient flow process, in very few cases good enough for a reliable and accurate prediction of absolute numbers. The optimization of hydraulic bucket profiles is therefore always checked with measurements in homologous scaled model turbines. A similar situation exists for the housing flow after the water is discharged from the runner. Here also CFD techniques are available to explore the general mechanisms. However, due to the two phase flow nature, where only a very small space is filled with moving water, the experimental setup in a model turbine is always the final proof for optimizations of housing inserts and modifications. The hydraulic design of a modernization project for a power station equipped with vertical Pelton turbines of two different designs is described in the proposed paper. It will be shown, how CFD is applied to determine the losses in the high pressure section and how these results are combined with the

  13. Why a Train Set Helps Participants Co-Construct Meaning in Business Model Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beuthel, Maria Rosa; Buur, Jacob

    In this position paper we show how participants in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to co-construct understandings of a new business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of developing new terms and concepts together is crucial for work to progress. Every...... to understand how they construct a concept. We observe that the final result of the workshop is indeed innovative and is co-constructed by all group members. We discuss why the toy train works: It keeps both hands and mind busy, it allows silent participation, and it expands the vocabulary of the discussion....

  14. Search Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guidance and search help resource listing examples of common queries that can be used in the Google Search Appliance search request, including examples of special characters, or query term seperators that Google Search Appliance recognizes.

  15. Help LEP

    CERN Multimedia

    Carreras,R; Lehmann,P

    1988-01-01

    première partie: Help LEP ou le tunnel de l'infini- pièce radiophonique intéréssant sur l'origine de la matière deuxième partie: Help LEP débat; suite à cette pièce interview avec 3 physiciens du Cern sur le projet LEP et le but du Cern qui est la recherche fondamentale

  16. Oceanic circulation models help to predict global biogeography of pelagic yellow-bellied sea snake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brischoux, François; Cotté, Cédric; Lillywhite, Harvey B; Bailleul, Frédéric; Lalire, Maxime; Gaspar, Philippe

    2016-08-01

    It is well recognized that most marine vertebrates, and especially tetrapods, precisely orient and actively move in apparently homogeneous oceanic environments. Here, we investigate the presumptive role of oceanic currents in biogeographic patterns observed in a secondarily marine tetrapod, the yellow-bellied sea snake (Hydrophis [Pelamis] platurus). State-of-the-art world ocean circulation models show how H. platurus, the only pelagic species of sea snake, can potentially exploit oceanic currents to disperse and maintain population mixing between localities that spread over two-thirds of the Earth's circumference. The very close association of these snakes with surface currents seems to provide a highly efficient dispersal mechanism that allowed this species to range extensively and relatively quickly well beyond the central Indo-Pacific area, the centre of origin, abundance and diversity of sea snakes. Our results further suggest that the pan-oceanic population of this species must be extraordinarily large. © 2016 The Author(s).

  17. Can genetics help psychometrics? Improving dimensionality assessment through genetic factor modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franić, Sanja; Dolan, Conor V; Borsboom, Denny; Hudziak, James J; van Beijsterveldt, Catherina E M; Boomsma, Dorret I

    2013-09-01

    In the present article, we discuss the role that quantitative genetic methodology may play in assessing and understanding the dimensionality of psychological (psychometric) instruments. Specifically, we study the relationship between the observed covariance structures, on the one hand, and the underlying genetic and environmental influences giving rise to such structures, on the other. We note that this relationship may be such that it hampers obtaining a clear estimate of dimensionality using standard tools for dimensionality assessment alone. One situation in which dimensionality assessment may be impeded is that in which genetic and environmental influences, of which the observed covariance structure is a function, differ from each other in structure and dimensionality. We demonstrate that in such situations settling dimensionality issues may be problematic, and propose using quantitative genetic modeling to uncover the (possibly different) dimensionalities of the underlying genetic and environmental structures. We illustrate using simulations and an empirical example on childhood internalizing problems.

  18. Can the BASNEF Model Help to Develop Self-Administered Healthy Behavior in Iranian Youth?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahnazi, Hossein; Bee Koon, Poh; Abd Talib, Ruzita; Lubis, Syarif Husin; Ganjali Dashti, Marjan; Khatooni, Elham; Bahreini Esfahani, Nimah

    2016-01-01

    Background: The stage of youth is critical for human development in several ways. On the one hand, it can lead people towards the adoption of a healthy lifestyle during adulthood based on these earlier practices. On the other hand, it can comprise the development of healthy living practices later on in live, an outcome which is often caused by the youth adopting a risky lifestyle early on. Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of implementing an educational intervention program based on the BASNEF Model (a simplified approach to understanding behavior), designed to cultivate self-administered lifestyle control skills in youths. Materials and Methods: This was a quasi-experimental intervention study, implemented during 2010 - 2011. A total of 288 randomly selected high-school students between the ages of 15 and 17 participated in this study. These students were later divided into experimental and control groups. Subjects completed a BASNEF questionnaire at the baseline (pre-test), one month later (post-test) and three months after the educational intervention (follow-up). Four educational sessions were held, each of a 120 - 150 minute duration. After the data had been collected, the ANOVA test was used to compare trends in changes. The Pearson correlation coefficient was then used to analyze the correlation between components of the BASNEF model. Finally, regression analysis was used to determine the predictive power of the study. Results: Results from the intervention study reveal that the beliefs and attitudes about nutrition of the intervention group, calculated in terms of scores, improved significantly for both male and female subjects (P eating habits and more active lifestyles at an early age in order to foster long-term health and well-being. PMID:27231582

  19. Polarization in Raman spectroscopy helps explain bone brittleness in genetic mouse models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makowski, Alexander J.; Pence, Isaac J.; Uppuganti, Sasidhar; Zein-Sabatto, Ahbid; Huszagh, Meredith C.; Mahadevan-Jansen, Anita; Nyman, Jeffry S.

    2014-11-01

    Raman spectroscopy (RS) has been extensively used to characterize bone composition. However, the link between bone biomechanics and RS measures is not well established. Here, we leveraged the sensitivity of RS polarization to organization, thereby assessing whether RS can explain differences in bone toughness in genetic mouse models for which traditional RS peak ratios are not informative. In the selected mutant mice-activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) or matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) knock-outs-toughness is reduced but differences in bone strength do not exist between knock-out and corresponding wild-type controls. To incorporate differences in the RS of bone occurring at peak shoulders, a multivariate approach was used. Full spectrum principal components analysis of two paired, orthogonal bone orientations (relative to laser polarization) improved genotype classification and correlation to bone toughness when compared to traditional peak ratios. When applied to femurs from wild-type mice at 8 and 20 weeks of age, the principal components of orthogonal bone orientations improved age classification but not the explanation of the maturation-related increase in strength. Overall, increasing polarization information by collecting spectra from two bone orientations improves the ability of multivariate RS to explain variance in bone toughness, likely due to polarization sensitivity to organizational changes in both mineral and collagen.

  20. Forming a new clinical team for frail older people: can a group development model help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Elizabeth Susan; Pollard, Lorraine; Conroy, Simon; Clague-Baker, Nicola

    2014-03-01

    Integrated services which utilise the expertise of team members along care pathways are evolving. Changes in service structure and subsequent team working arrangements can be a challenge for practitioners expected to redefine how they work with one another. These services are particularly important for the care of frail older people. This exploratory study of one newly forming team presents the views of staff involved in establishing an interprofessional healthcare advisory team for older people within an acute hospital admissions unit. Staff experiences of forming a new service are aligned to a model of team development. The findings are presented as themes relating to the stages of team development and identify the challenges of setting up an integrated service alongside existing services. In particular, team process issues relating to the clarity of goals, role clarification, leadership, team culture and identity. Managers must allow time to ensure new services evolve before setting up evaluation studies for efficiency and effectiveness which might prove against the potential for interprofessional teamworking.

  1. Earthworms Dilong: Ancient, Inexpensive, Noncontroversial Models May Help Clarify Approaches to Integrated Medicine Emphasizing Neuroimmune Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Edwin L.; Balamurugan, Mariappan; Huang, Chih-Yang; Tsao, Clara R.; Heredia, Jesus; Tommaseo-Ponzetta, Mila; Paoletti, Maurizio G.

    2012-01-01

    Earthworms have provided ancient cultures with food and sources of medicinal cures. Ayurveda, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and practices in Japan, Vietnam, and Korea have focused first on earthworms as sources of food. Gradually fostering an approach to potential beneficial healing properties, there are renewed efforts through bioprospecting and evidence-based research to understand by means of rigorous investigations the mechanisms of action whether earthworms are used as food and/or as sources of potential medicinal products. Focusing on earthworms grew by serendipity from an extensive analysis of the earthworm's innate immune system. Their immune systems are replete with leukocytes and humoral products that exert credible health benefits. Their emerging functions with respect to evolution of innate immunity have long been superseded by their well-known ecological role in soil conservation. Earthworms as inexpensive, noncontroversial animal models (without ethical concerns) are not vectors of disease do not harbor parasites that threaten humans nor are they annoying pests. By recognizing their numerous ecological, environmental, and biomedical roles, substantiated by inexpensive and more comprehensive investigations, we will become more aware of their undiscovered beneficial properties. PMID:22888362

  2. Soft tissue models: easy and inexpensive flexible 3D printing as a help in surgical planning of cardiovascular disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starosolski, Zbigniew; Ezon, David S.; Krishnamurthy, Rajesh; Dodd, Nicholas; Heinle, Jeffrey; Mckenzie, Dean E.; Annapragada, Ananth

    2017-03-01

    We developed a technology that allows a simple desktop 3D printer with dual extruder to fabricate 3D flexible models of Major AortoPulmonary Collateral Arteries. The study was designed to assess whether the flexible 3D printed models could help during surgical planning phase. Simple FDM 3D printers are inexpensive, versatile in use and easy to maintain, but complications arise when the designed model is complex and has tubular structures with small diameter less than 2mm. The advantages of FDM printers are cost and simplicity of use. We use precisely selected materials to overcome the obstacles listed above. Dual extruder allows to use two different materials while printing, which is especially important in the case of fragile structures like pulmonary vessels and its supporting structures. The latter should not be removed by hand to avoid a truncation of the model. We utilize the water soluble PVA as a supporting structure and Poro-Lay filament for flexible model of AortoPulmonary collateral arteries. Poro-Lay filament is different as compared to all the other flexible ones like polymer-based. Poro-Lay is rigid while printing and this allows printing of structures small in diameter. It achieves flexibility after washing out of printed model with water. It becomes soft in touch and gelatinous. Using both PVA and Poro-Lay gives a huge advantage allowing to wash out the supporting structures and achieve flexibility in one washing operation, saving time and avoiding human error with cleaning the model. We evaluated 6 models for MAPCAS surgical planning study. This approach is also cost-effective - an average cost of materials for print is less than $15; models are printed in facility without any delays. Flexibility of 3D printed models approximate soft tissues properly, mimicking Aortopulmonary collateral arteries. Second utilization models has educational value for both residents and patients' family. Simplification of 3D flexible process could help in other models

  3. Intergenerational conflicts may help explain parental absence effects on reproductive timing: a model of age at first birth in humans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Moya

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background. Parental absences in childhood are often associated with accelerated reproductive maturity in humans. These results are counterintuitive for evolutionary social scientists because reductions in parental investment should be detrimental for offspring, but earlier reproduction is generally associated with higher fitness. In this paper we discuss a neglected hypothesis that early reproduction is often associated with parental absence because it decreases the average relatedness of a developing child to her future siblings. Family members often help each other reproduce, meaning that parents and offspring may find themselves in competition over reproductive opportunities. In these intergenerational negotiations offspring will have less incentive to help the remaining parent rear future half-siblings relative to beginning reproduction themselves.Method. We illustrate this “intergenerational conflict hypothesis” with a formal game-theoretic model.Results. We show that when resources constrain reproductive opportunities within the family, parents will generally win reproductive conflicts with their offspring, i.e., they will produce more children of their own and therefore delay existing offsprings’ reproduction. This is due to the asymmetric relatedness between grandparents and grandchildren (r = .25, compared to siblings (r = 0.5, resulting in greater incentives for older siblings to help rear younger siblings than for grandparents to help rear grandchildren. However, if a parent loses or replaces their partner, the conflict between the parent and offspring becomes symmetric since half siblings are as related to one another as grandparents are to grandchildren. This means that the offspring stand to gain more from earlier reproduction when their remaining parent would produce half, rather than full, siblings. We further show that if parents senesce in a way that decreases the quality of their infant relative to their offspring

  4. COMPUTER MODELLING OF PROCESS OF THE MECHANICAL MOTION OF BODY WITH THE HELP OF MS EXCEL MEANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna M. Horda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The mathematical model of body motion is analyzed, thrown at the angle to the horizon in a gravitational field and its computer realization with the help of MS Excel means. The recommended technique allows during laboratory work analyze mechanical body motion, carry out calculable experiments, changing the outgoing model parameters such as initial posture, location purposes, geometric dimensions of ball and basket, initial velocity and angle, and also acceleration of gravity; explore the mechanical motion in hypothetical conditions that are difficult to implement in practice. Using this technique promotes logical thinking development of students, motivation to learn the subject, interest, better learning of basic theoretical positions, skills forming of research activity.

  5. Modeling oscillatory dynamics in brain microcircuits as a way to help uncover neurological disease mechanisms: A proposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skinner, F. K. [Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Krembil Discovery Tower, Toronto Western Hospital, 60 Leonard Street, 7th floor, 7KD411, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8 (Canada); Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Toronto, 200 Elizabeth Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C4 (Canada); Department of Physiology, University of Toronto Medical Sciences Building, 3rd Floor, 1 King' s College Circle, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8 (Canada); Ferguson, K. A. [Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Krembil Discovery Tower, Toronto Western Hospital, 60 Leonard Street, 7th floor, 7KD411, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8 (Canada); Department of Physiology, University of Toronto Medical Sciences Building, 3rd Floor, 1 King' s College Circle, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8 (Canada)

    2013-12-15

    There is an undisputed need and requirement for theoretical and computational studies in Neuroscience today. Furthermore, it is clear that oscillatory dynamical output from brain networks is representative of various behavioural states, and it is becoming clear that one could consider these outputs as measures of normal and pathological brain states. Although mathematical modeling of oscillatory dynamics in the context of neurological disease exists, it is a highly challenging endeavour because of the many levels of organization in the nervous system. This challenge is coupled with the increasing knowledge of cellular specificity and network dysfunction that is associated with disease. Recently, whole hippocampus in vitro preparations from control animals have been shown to spontaneously express oscillatory activities. In addition, when using preparations derived from animal models of disease, these activities show particular alterations. These preparations present an opportunity to address challenges involved with using models to gain insight because of easier access to simultaneous cellular and network measurements, and pharmacological modulations. We propose that by developing and using models with direct links to experiment at multiple levels, which at least include cellular and microcircuit, a cycling can be set up and used to help us determine critical mechanisms underlying neurological disease. We illustrate our proposal using our previously developed inhibitory network models in the context of these whole hippocampus preparations and show the importance of having direct links at multiple levels.

  6. Modeling oscillatory dynamics in brain microcircuits as a way to help uncover neurological disease mechanisms: A proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, F. K.; Ferguson, K. A.

    2013-12-01

    There is an undisputed need and requirement for theoretical and computational studies in Neuroscience today. Furthermore, it is clear that oscillatory dynamical output from brain networks is representative of various behavioural states, and it is becoming clear that one could consider these outputs as measures of normal and pathological brain states. Although mathematical modeling of oscillatory dynamics in the context of neurological disease exists, it is a highly challenging endeavour because of the many levels of organization in the nervous system. This challenge is coupled with the increasing knowledge of cellular specificity and network dysfunction that is associated with disease. Recently, whole hippocampus in vitro preparations from control animals have been shown to spontaneously express oscillatory activities. In addition, when using preparations derived from animal models of disease, these activities show particular alterations. These preparations present an opportunity to address challenges involved with using models to gain insight because of easier access to simultaneous cellular and network measurements, and pharmacological modulations. We propose that by developing and using models with direct links to experiment at multiple levels, which at least include cellular and microcircuit, a cycling can be set up and used to help us determine critical mechanisms underlying neurological disease. We illustrate our proposal using our previously developed inhibitory network models in the context of these whole hippocampus preparations and show the importance of having direct links at multiple levels.

  7. Lacan and Adolescence: The Contemporary Clinic of the "Sexual Non-rapport" and Pornography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouvry, Olivier

    2017-01-01

    This article explores two clinical phenomena-pornography and conspiracy thinking-that are highly relevant today and can be observed specifically among adolescent boys in the early stages of post-puberty: conspiracy thinking and the viewing of pornographic videos. It shows that the Lacanian concepts of the Real (of puberty) and the sexual non-rapport help us understand the psychopathological aspects of these two phenomena. Watching pornographic material becomes equivalent to a conspiracy theory about the sexual non-rapport; both in fact deny the effect of what puberty introduces as radically new.

  8. Lacan and Adolescence: The Contemporary Clinic of the “Sexual Non-rapport” and Pornography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Ouvry

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available This article explores two clinical phenomena—pornography and conspiracy thinking—that are highly relevant today and can be observed specifically among adolescent boys in the early stages of post-puberty: conspiracy thinking and the viewing of pornographic videos. It shows that the Lacanian concepts of the Real (of puberty and the sexual non-rapport help us understand the psychopathological aspects of these two phenomena. Watching pornographic material becomes equivalent to a conspiracy theory about the sexual non-rapport; both in fact deny the effect of what puberty introduces as radically new.

  9. El problema del desencadenamiento de la psicosis en las elaboraciones de Jacques Lacan (1931-1976): sus tensiones con la categoría de psicosis no desencadenada

    OpenAIRE

    Aguirre, Javier

    2016-01-01

    Esta investigación examina las tensiones y controversias desde la perspectiva del psicoanálisis de orientación lacaniana entre los diversos desarrollos de Lacan sobre el desencadenamiento de la psicosis y la categoría de psicosis no desencadenada. El estudio de la categoría de psicosis no desencadenadas es un tema que en los últimos años ha tenido un lugar de importancia en las producciones vinculadas a la psicosis, sin embargo, ha sido tratado y abordado de diversas maneras, no llegando has...

  10. Los nudos de las psicosis en la enseñanza de Jacques Lacán The knots of the psychoses in Jacques Lacan' teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo D. Muñoz

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Jacques Lacan ha abordado la psicosis realizando numerosos aportes a la elaboración de su teoría y reconocimiento clínico. Sobre el final de su enseñanza, cuando revisa sus categorías clínicas y las aborda con el soporte de la teoría de nudos, la conceptualiza como una forma particular de anudamiento. En esta novedosa formalización, sin embargo, no se encuentra un abordaje unívoco sino que desde 1971 hasta 1981 presenta diversos tipos de anudamientos. Hasta la actualidad, no se conocen trabajos en que los especialistas los estudien sistemáticamente. El proyecto de investigación UBACyT TP34 (implica una novedad en este sentido pues formula algunas conclusiones sobre el tema. Este trabajo se propone revisarlas y ponerlas en tensión para verificar su adecuación con los textos de Lacan. Tarea imprescindible para poder abordar el objetivo máximo del proyecto becado en curso: explorar el modo en que la concepción nodal reordena la variedad clínica de la psicosis (paranoia, esquizofrenia, parafrenia, manía, melancolía.Jacques Lacan has approached the psychosis carrying out numerous contributions to the elaboration of its theory and clinical recognition. On the end of their teaching, when he revises their clinical categories and it approaches them with the support of the theory of knots, he conceptualizes it like a form peculiar of knotting. In this novel formalization, however, it is not approached in a unified way but rather from 1971 up to 1981 presents diverse knottings types. Until the present time, works are not known in that the specialists study them systematically. The investigation project UBACyT TP34 (1998-2000 implies a novelty in this since sense it formulates some conclusions on the topic. This work intends to revise them and to put them in tension to verify its adaptation with the texts of Lacan. Indispensable task to be able to approach the maximum objective of the project granted a scholarship in course: to explore the

  11. Los nudos de las psicosis en la enseñanza de Jacques Lacán The knots of the psychoses in Jacques Lacan' teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo D. Muñoz

    2005-01-01

    Jacques Lacan ha abordado la psicosis realizando numerosos aportes a la elaboración de su teoría y reconocimiento clínico. Sobre el final de su enseñanza, cuando revisa sus categorías clínicas y las aborda con el soporte de la teoría de nudos, la conceptualiza como una forma particular de anudamiento. En esta novedosa formalización, sin embargo, no se encuentra un abordaje unívoco sino que desde 1971 hasta 1981 presenta diversos tipos de anudamientos. Hasta la actualidad, no se conocen trabaj...

  12. O trauma sexual e a angústia de castração: percurso freudiano à luz das contribuições de Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Couto,Luiza Vieira; Chaves,Wilson Camilo

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho tem como objetivo articular os conceitos de trauma sexual e angústia de castração a partir dos textos freudianos e à luz das contribuições de Lacan. Em Freud, estes conceitos acompanham a construção da psicanálise enquanto campo de investigação do inconsciente. O inconsciente nos indica o vazio fundamental que movimenta o desejo, a ausência do objeto. A fantasia, através do que se orienta o desejo, representa a permanência do objeto faltoso, a alienação do eu no Ideal de um gozo...

  13. Near infrared spectroscopy based monitoring of extraction processes of raw material with the help of dynamic predictive modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haixia; Suo, Tongchuan; Wu, Xiaolin; Zhang, Yue; Wang, Chunhua; Yu, Heshui; Li, Zheng

    2018-03-01

    The control of batch-to-batch quality variations remains a challenging task for pharmaceutical industries, e.g., traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) manufacturing. One difficult problem is to produce pharmaceutical products with consistent quality from raw material of large quality variations. In this paper, an integrated methodology combining the near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and dynamic predictive modeling is developed for the monitoring and control of the batch extraction process of licorice. With the spectra data in hand, the initial state of the process is firstly estimated with a state-space model to construct a process monitoring strategy for the early detection of variations induced by the initial process inputs such as raw materials. Secondly, the quality property of the end product is predicted at the mid-course during the extraction process with a partial least squares (PLS) model. The batch-end-time (BET) is then adjusted accordingly to minimize the quality variations. In conclusion, our study shows that with the help of the dynamic predictive modeling, NIRS can offer the past and future information of the process, which enables more accurate monitoring and control of process performance and product quality.

  14. Near infrared spectroscopy based monitoring of extraction processes of raw material with the help of dynamic predictive modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haixia; Suo, Tongchuan; Wu, Xiaolin; Zhang, Yue; Wang, Chunhua; Yu, Heshui; Li, Zheng

    2018-03-05

    The control of batch-to-batch quality variations remains a challenging task for pharmaceutical industries, e.g., traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) manufacturing. One difficult problem is to produce pharmaceutical products with consistent quality from raw material of large quality variations. In this paper, an integrated methodology combining the near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and dynamic predictive modeling is developed for the monitoring and control of the batch extraction process of licorice. With the spectra data in hand, the initial state of the process is firstly estimated with a state-space model to construct a process monitoring strategy for the early detection of variations induced by the initial process inputs such as raw materials. Secondly, the quality property of the end product is predicted at the mid-course during the extraction process with a partial least squares (PLS) model. The batch-end-time (BET) is then adjusted accordingly to minimize the quality variations. In conclusion, our study shows that with the help of the dynamic predictive modeling, NIRS can offer the past and future information of the process, which enables more accurate monitoring and control of process performance and product quality. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Lacan Frames Scorsese’s Paintings in The Age of Innocence

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    Farca Paula Anca

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article, which brings together film, psychoanalysis, literature, and art, focuses on the role of paintings in Martin Scorsese’s The Age of Innocence (1993. Scorsese conveys the imprisonment of New York aristocrats within the framework of social conventions and their evasions of social restrictions through his employment of paintings. Because the protagonists’ emotions are not revealed often, the director communicates their dramas and actions with the help of the paintings they own or appear next to. The paintings operate as Jacques Lacan’s Other, an entity that watches over the characters to make sure they conform to its selfperpetuating rules. Scorsese’s use of paintings shows that the characters perform for the Other and seek to maintain the status quo. While most characters perform within a Lacanian symbolic order, their different responses to a variety of paintings underscore the flexibility of the symbolic order.

  16. Estimate Submarine Groundwater Discharge to Crystal River/Kings Bay in Florida with the Help of a Hydrodynamic Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    XinJian Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Crystal River/Kings Bay is a spring-fed estuarine system located on the west coast of the Florida peninsula. During 2008-2009, a field investigation was conducted to measure submarine groundwater discharges (SGDs from numerous spring vents in Kings Bay. Based on directly measured real-time SGD data, an empirical relationship that links SGD with tides in Kings Bay and the groundwater level measured in a nearby Artesian well were obtained. A 3D unstructured Cartesian grid model was used to help verify the correctness of the empirical SGD formula, which was slightly adjusted for each individual vent when used in the model. The model was calibrated and verified against measured real-time data of water level, salinity, and temperature at two stations in the estuary. A successful simulation of circulations, salinity transport processes, and thermodynamics in the Crystal River/Kings Bay system proves that the empirical relationship is appropriate for estimating SGDs in Kings Bay.

  17. Two Scenarios for Landfills Design in Special Conditions Using the HELP Model: A Case Study in Babylon Governorate, Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Chabuk

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The sound design of landfills is essential in order to protect human health and the environment (air, water, and soil. The study area, Babylon Governorate, is situated in the middle of Iraq, and is distinguished by a hot climate and shallow groundwater. The governorate did not have landfill sites that meet international criteria; in addition, the groundwater depth in Babylon Governorate is commonly shallow. Previously, the most important criteria for the study area and GIS software were used to select the best sites for locating landfills in the major cities of the governorate. In this study, the Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP 3.95D model was applied in order to ensure that there was no leakage of the leachate that results from the waste in the selected landfill sites. It is the most commonly utilized model for landfill design, and it is used to estimate water inflow through the soil layers. For the present study, to avoid groundwater pollution by leachate from a landfill site due to the shallow groundwater depth, compacted waste was placed on the surface using two height scenarios (2 m and 4 m. This design was developed using the soil properties of the selected sites coupled with the weather parameters in Babylon Governorate (precipitation, temperature, solar, and evapotranspiration for a 12-year period covering 2005 to 2016. The results from both of the suggested landfill designs showed an absence of leachate from the bottom liner.

  18. Dynamic modeling in ovarian cancer: an original approach linking early changes in modeled longitudinal CA-125 kinetics and survival to help decisions in early drug development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilbaux, Mélanie; Hénin, Emilie; Oza, Amit; Colomban, Olivier; Pujade-Lauraine, Eric; Freyer, Gilles; Tod, Michel; You, Benoit

    2014-06-01

    Early prediction of the expected benefit of treatment in recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) patients may help in drug development decisions. The actual value of 50% CA-125 decrease is being reconsidered. The main objective of the present study was to quantify the links between longitudinal assessments of CA-125 kinetics and progression-free survival (PFS) in treated recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) patients. The CALYPSO randomized phase III trial database comparing two platinum-based regimens in ROC patients was randomly split into a "learning dataset" and a "validation dataset". A parametric survival model was developed to associate longitudinal modeled CA-125 changes (ΔCA125), predictive factors, and PFS. The predictive performance of the model was evaluated with simulations. The PFS of 534 ROC patients were properly characterized by a parametric mathematical model. The modeled ΔCA125 from baseline to week 6 was a better predictor of PFS than the modeled fractional change in tumor size. Simulations confirmed the model's predictive performance. We present the first parametric survival model quantifying the relationship between PFS and longitudinal CA-125 kinetics in treated ROC patients. The model enabled calculation of the increase in ΔCA125 required to observe a predetermined benefit in PFS to compare therapeutic strategies in populations. Therefore, ΔCA125 may be a predictive marker of the expected gain in PFS and an early predictive tool in drug development decisions. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Factors that influence young people's mental health help-seeking behaviour: a study based on the Health Belief Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Peter J; Martin, Brett; Weeks, Clinton S; Ong, Luzian

    2014-11-01

    To identify key predictors and moderators of mental health 'help-seeking behavior' in adolescents. Mental illness is highly prevalent in adolescents and young adults; however, individuals in this demographic group are among the least likely to seek help for such illnesses. Very little quantitative research has examined predictors of help-seeking behaviour in this demographic group. A cross-sectional design was used. A group of 180 volunteers between the ages of 17-25 completed a survey designed to measure hypothesized predictors and moderators of help-seeking behaviour. Predictors included a range of health beliefs, personality traits and attitudes. Data were collected in August 2010 and were analysed using two standard and three hierarchical multiple regression analyses. The standard multiple regression analyses revealed that extraversion, perceived benefits of seeking help, perceived barriers to seeking help and social support were direct predictors of help-seeking behaviour. Tests of moderated relationships (using hierarchical multiple regression analyses) indicated that perceived benefits were more important than barriers in predicting help-seeking behaviour. In addition, perceived susceptibility did not predict help-seeking behaviour unless individuals were health conscious to begin with or they believed that they would benefit from help. A range of personality traits, attitudes and health beliefs can predict help-seeking behaviour for mental health problems in adolescents. The variable 'Perceived Benefits' is of particular importance as it is: (1) a strong and robust predictor of help-seeking behaviour; and (2) a factor that can theoretically be modified based on health promotion programmes. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Investigations on the Impact of Material-Integrated Sensors with the Help of FEM-Based Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumstorff, Gerrit; Lang, Walter

    2015-01-01

    We present investigations on the impact of material-integrated sensors with the help of finite element-based modeling. A sensor (inlay) integrated with a material (matrix) is always a foreign body in the material, which can lead to a “wound effect”, that is degradation of the macroscopic behavior of a material. By analyzing the inlay's impact on the material in terms of mechanical load, heat conduction, stress during integration and other impacts of integration, this wound effect is analyzed. For the mechanical load, we found out that the inlay has to be at least as stretchable and bendable as the matrix. If there is a high thermal load during integration, the coefficients of the thermal expansion of the inlay have to be matched to the matrix. In the case of a high thermal load during operation, the inlay has to be as thin as possible or its thermal conductivity has to be adapted to the thermal conductivity of the matrix. To have a general view of things, the results are dimensionless and independent of the geometry. In each section, the results are illustrated by examples. Based on all of the results, we present our idea for the fabrication of future material-integrated sensors. PMID:25621607

  1. Investigations on the Impact of Material-Integrated Sensors with the Help of FEM-Based Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerrit Dumstorff

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We present investigations on the impact of material-integrated sensors with the help of finite element-based modeling. A sensor (inlay integrated with a material (matrix is always a foreign body in the material, which can lead to a “wound effect”, that is degradation of the macroscopic behavior of a material. By analyzing the inlay’s impact on the material in terms of mechanical load, heat conduction, stress during integration and other impacts of integration, this wound effect is analyzed. For the mechanical load, we found out that the inlay has to be at least as stretchable and bendable as the matrix. If there is a high thermal load during integration, the coefficients of the thermal expansion of the inlay have to be matched to the matrix. In the case of a high thermal load during operation, the inlay has to be as thin as possible or its thermal conductivity has to be adapted to the thermal conductivity of the matrix. To have a general view of things, the results are dimensionless and independent of the geometry. In each section, the results are illustrated by examples. Based on all of the results, we present our idea for the fabrication of future material-integrated sensors.

  2. Investigations on the impact of material-integrated sensors with the help of FEM-based modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Gerrit Dumstorff andWalter

    2015-01-22

    We present investigations on the impact of material-integrated sensors with the help of finite element-based modeling. A sensor (inlay) integrated with a material (matrix) is always a foreign body in the material, which can lead to a "wound effect", that is degradation of the macroscopic behavior of a material. By analyzing the inlay's impact on the material in terms of mechanical load, heat conduction, stress during integration and other impacts of integration, this wound effect is analyzed. For the mechanical load, we found out that the inlay has to be at least as stretchable and bendable as the matrix. If there is a high thermal load during integration, the coefficients of the thermal expansion of the inlay have to be matched to the matrix. In the case of a high thermal load during operation, the inlay has to be as thin as possible or its thermal conductivity has to be adapted to the thermal conductivity of the matrix. To have a general view of things, the results are dimensionless and independent of the geometry. In each section, the results are illustrated by examples. Based on all of the results, we present our idea for the fabrication of future material-integrated sensors.

  3. Butterfly Redreaming: Rethinking Free, with Zhuangzi Flying Westerly with Descartes, Lacan, Waldman…

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyoo Lee

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Usually, Zhuangzi’s parable of “the butterfly dream/dreaming butterfly” is read as an enigmatic version, from “the East”, of the Cartesian skeptical challenges to “objective reality” or else the Lacanian psycho-drama of the “pure gaze” in which “he”, Zhuangzi, “is a butterfly for nobody”, who stands for “the Real”. Retooling some of the critical insights from these standard dialectical or anxiogenic approaches to this allegorical puzzle of self-identity, both of which, however, tend to leave unquestioned or else structurally overrate the binarized inner-exclusivity of typical pairs such as in/out, subject/object, illusion/reality, and all/nothing, this article proposes a relatively novel, fluid model of unraveling the speculative knot, the dots of lepidopterological spacetime irreducible to a simpler “point” in space and time. As we follow the narrative sequence more micro- and macrologically at once, with holistic, philopoetic attention to its intricate conceptual cues and contextual clues, especially its streaks and energies of “oppositional poetics” envisaged by Anne Waldman, for instance, we come to see more clearly the trans-categorical auto-generativity of its modal openness, its oddly powerful, non-militarily propelled, avant-garde peripherality. As Zhuangzi’s butterfly gets freed this way from the discursive net where it is lost and found (often instantly dead, the vocalized figure of the “irritating” narrator, too, will change more freely, flying in and out and back in “daoistically” rather than agonistically.

  4. Description of Adults Seeking Hearing Help for the First Time According to Two Health Behavior Change Approaches: Transtheoretical Model (Stages of Change) and Health Belief Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Gabrielle H; Frederick, Melissa T; Silverman, ShienPei C; Nielsen, Claus; Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane

    2016-01-01

    Several models of health behavior change are commonly used in health psychology. This study applied the constructs delineated by two models-the transtheoretical model (in which readiness for health behavior change can be described with the stages of precontemplation, contemplation and action) and the health belief model (in which susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, self-efficacy, and cues to action are thought to determine likelihood of health behavior change)-to adults seeking hearing help for the first time. One hundred eighty-two participants (mean age: 69.5 years) were recruited following an initial hearing assessment by an audiologist. Participants' mean four-frequency pure-tone average was 35.4 dB HL, with 25.8% having no hearing impairment, 50.5% having a slight impairment, and 23.1% having a moderate or severe impairment using the World Health Organization definition of hearing loss. Participants' hearing-related attitudes and beliefs toward hearing health behaviors were examined using the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) and the health beliefs questionnaire (HBQ), which assess the constructs of the transtheoretical model and the health belief model, respectively. Participants also provided demographic information, and completed the hearing handicap inventory (HHI) to assess participation restrictions, and the psychosocial impact of hearing loss (PIHL) to assess the extent to which hearing impacts competence, self-esteem, and adaptability. Degree of hearing impairment was associated with participation restrictions, perceived competence, self-esteem and adaptability, and attitudes and beliefs measured by the URICA and the HBQ. As degree of impairment increased, participation restrictions measured by the HHI, and impacts of hearing loss, as measured by the PIHL, increased. The majority of first-time help seekers in this study were in the action stage of change. Furthermore, relative to individuals with less hearing impairment

  5. Pixar with Lacan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    The book presents Lacanian interpretations of the animations films from Pixar Studio with the double aim of analysing an influential filmic oeuvre of contemporary popular culture and giving an introduction to Lacanian cultural analysis......The book presents Lacanian interpretations of the animations films from Pixar Studio with the double aim of analysing an influential filmic oeuvre of contemporary popular culture and giving an introduction to Lacanian cultural analysis...

  6. Predicting Help-Seeking Attitudes Toward Mental Health Services Among American Indian Older Adults: Is Andersen's Behavioral Model a Good Fit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roh, Soonhee; Burnette, Catherine E; Lee, Kyoung Hag; Lee, Yeon-Shim; Martin, James I; Lawler, Michael J

    2017-01-01

    American Indian (AI) older adults are vulnerable to mental health disparities, yet very little is known about the factors associated with help-seeking for mental health services among them. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of Andersen's Behavioral Model in explaining AI older adults' help-seeking attitudes toward professional mental health services. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to examine predisposing, enabling, and need variables as predictors of help-seeking attitudes toward mental health services in a sample of 233 AI older adults from the Midwest. The model was found to have limited utility in the context of older AI help-seeking attitudes, as the proportion of explained variance was low. Gender, perceived stigma, social support, and physical health were significant predictors, whereas age, perceived mental health, and health insurance were not. © The Author(s) 2014.

  7. Freud, Lacan e o conto da ilha desconhecida: reflexões psicanalíticas acerca de um conto de Saramago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Teixeira Gorski

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por finalidade trabalhar, através da interpretação das simbolizações em um conto de José Saramago, alguns conceitos psicanalíticos firmados por Lacan e por Freud. Para tanto, discute o texto em unidades de significação e identifica os processos simbólicos aí envolvidos com as teorias daqueles psicanalistas. O resultado é uma interpretação da simbolização de um desejo a ser realizado - a saber, a reintegração com a mãe - como significado do conto.

  8. El amor al padre y la estabilidad histrérica: En la primera enseñanza de Lacán The love to the father and the hysterical stability In the earlier lacan's work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Godoy

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo reúne una parte de la tarea preparatoria del proyecto UBACyT 2004-07 P091 "La estructura del nudo borromeo en la caracterización de la histeria en el último período de la obra de J. Lacan (1974-1981" en la que examinamos algunos de los principales antecedentes de esta temática en las primeras etapas de la obra de Lacan. La función de anudamiento (sinthome entre los tres registros se localiza en la histeria a partir de lo que Lacan denominó, en los años setenta, la "armadura del amor al padre". El término francés armature designa aquí el armazón que otorga una singular estabilidad y consistencia al sujeto histérico y su cuerpo. Se destaca así la estabilidad estructural de la histeria abordada tanto desde la pregunta por lo femenino y la identificación con el padre, como desde el lazo que une a la histérica con el amor y la impotencia paterna.The present work assembles a part of the preparatory task of the UBACyT project 07 P091 "The structure of the borromean knot in the characterization of hysteria in the last period J. Lacan's work (in which we examined some of the main antecedents of this thematic one in the earlier Lacan's work. The function of knotting (sinthome between the three registries islocated in the hysteria from which Lacan denominated, in the Seventies, the "armor of the love to the father". The french term armature designates here the frame that grants a singular stability and consistency to the hysterical subject and its body. The structural stability of hysteria is pointed out as much therefore from the question by feminine and the identification with the father, like from the bow that unites hysteria with love and paternal impotence.

  9. A Physics Lesson Designed According to 7E Model with the Help of Instructional Technology (Lesson Plan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonen, Selahattin; Kocakaya, Serhat

    2010-01-01

    Students enter the classrooms with a preexisting knowledge of science concepts. These science concepts sometimes show inconsistency with the accepted ones by the scientists and called as misconceptions. Studies applied science field have to get possession of abilities that not only detect these misconceptions also help to solve these problems.…

  10. Help-Seeking Intentions and Behaviors among Mainland Chinese College Students: Integrating the Theory of Planned Behavior and Behavioral Model of Health Services Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wenjing; Denson, Linley A.; Dorstyn, Diana S.

    2017-01-01

    This study investigated help-seeking intentions and use of mental health services within a sample of 1128 Mainland Chinese college students (630 males and 498 females; mean age = 20.01 years, SD = 1.48). Results of structural equation modeling and logistic regression analysis suggested that social-cognitive variables had significant effects both…

  11. Personality-related factors as predictors of help-seeking for depression: a population-based study applying the Behavioral Model of Health Services Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schomerus, Georg; Appel, Katja; Meffert, Peter J; Luppa, Melanie; Andersen, Ronald M; Grabe, Hans J; Baumeister, Sebastian E

    2013-11-01

    Although the prevalence of mental disorders and the demand for mental health services are increasing, little is known about the impact of personality-related factors on help-seeking among depressive individuals. We, therefore, investigated the relationship between the "Big Five" personality traits, resilience, alexithymia, childhood neglect or abuse, and help-seeking among depressive individuals. We used data from 354 persons with a diagnosis of major depression from the population-based cohort study of health in Pomerania within the theoretical framework of the Andersen Behavioral Model of Health Services Use. Using stepwise regression techniques, we found that older age, higher education, more perceived social support, presence of childhood abuse, higher levels of conscientiousness, lower levels of resilience, and more severe depression were associated with help-seeking for depression. In contrast, gender, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, neuroticism, and alexithymia did not significantly predict help-seeking. In addition, no evidence for gender-specific effects was observed. Personality-related predisposing factors are important predictors of help-seeking. The influence of resilience on help-seeking among depressed individuals merits further exploration.

  12. ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES CONTEXTUALES EN TORNO AL PRIMER VIAJE A JAPÓN DE JACQUES LACAN (1963) Contextual considerations on the subject of lacan’s first trip to japan (1963)

    OpenAIRE

    Mercè Altimir

    2012-01-01

    Nuestro propósito es dar a conocer la importancia y el influjo de la cultura y el pensamiento oriental y Japón en la obra de Lacan, para cuya tarea hemos tomado el eje del viaje que realizó al archipiélago en la primavera de A partir de esta coordenada de tiempo hemos retrocedido hasta la presencia del país oriental en la obra de Sigmund Freud y hemos referido la mención del mikado y de los ainus en Tótem y tabú. En cuanto al budismo, centro del interés de Lacan en este primer viaje a las isl...

  13. Appreciating the ties that bind technical communication to culture: A dynamic model to help us understand differences in discourse structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kastberg, Peter; Kampf, Constance

    In order to support an explicit understanding of cultural patterns as both dynamic and structured, we will examine Hofstede?s model for stabilization of cultural patterns, and use this model to explore some cultural consequences for patterns of logic and signs that influence the effectiveness of ...

  14. Ética da psicanálise e modalidades de gozo: considerações sobre o Seminário 7 e o Seminário 20 de Jacques Lacan Ethics of psychoanalysis and modalities of enjoyment: considerations about The Seminar VII and about The Seminar XX of Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Santos Bispo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca apontar um deslocamento na concepção lacaniana sobre a ética, a partir de uma comparação entre as perspectivas do Seminário, livro 7 - a ética da psicanálise e do Seminário, livro 20 - mais, ainda. Enquanto a primeira perspectiva privilegiaria a organização de uma lei simbólica, cuja ultrapassagem culminaria na concepção do gozo impossível de das Ding, a última destacaria o gozo do corpo como não-todo organizado pelo simbólico. Passa-se, assim, de uma ética da transgressão, que visa a um ponto além do princípio do prazer e do serviço dos bens, para uma ética onde esse além do princípio do prazer já invade o campo de saída. A lógica da contingência é o modo como Lacan pretende formalizar uma maneira de fazer com que a necessidade simbólica e a impossibilidade do desejo inscrevam-se nos registros do contingente e do possível.This article intends to demonstrate a displacement in Lacan's conception on the Ethics, using a comparison between the perspectives of The Seminar, book 7: the ethics of psychoanalysis and of The Seminar, book 20: on feminine sexuality, the limits of love and knowledge: encore. While the first perspective privileges the organization of a symbolic Law - and this one, if trespassed, culminates in the approach of an impossible jouissance (enjoyment to das Ding - the latter emphasizes the jouissance of the body as something that is not-all organized by the symbolic. Therefore, there is a movement from an ethics of breach, which aims at a point beyond the pleasure principle and of the service of goods, to an ethic where the addition of the pleasure principle invades the field since the beginning. The logic of contingency is how Lacan intends to formalize a manner of making the symbolic necessity and the impossibility of the desire to register in the records of the contingent and the possible.

  15. Weighted cumulative exposure models helped identify an association between early knee-pain consultations and future knee OA diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Dahai; Peat, George; Bedson, John; Edwards, John J; Turkiewicz, Aleksandra; Jordan, Kelvin P

    2016-08-01

    To establish the association between prior knee-pain consultations and early diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis (OA) by weighted cumulative exposure (WCE) models. Data were from an electronic health care record (EHR) database (Consultations in Primary Care Archive). WCE functions for modeling the cumulative effect of time-varying knee-pain consultations weighted by recency were derived as a predictive tool in a population-based case-control sample and validated in a prospective cohort sample. Two WCE functions ([i] weighting of the importance of past consultations determined a priori; [ii] flexible spline-based estimation) were comprehensively compared with two simpler models ([iii] time since most recent consultation; total number of past consultations) on model goodness of fit, discrimination, and calibration both in derivation and validation phases. People with the most recent and most frequent knee-pain consultations were more likely to have high WCE scores that were associated with increased risk of knee OA diagnosis both in derivation and validation phases. Better model goodness of fit, discrimination, and calibration were observed for flexible spline-based WCE models. WCE functions can be used to model prediagnostic symptoms within routine EHR data and provide novel low-cost predictive tools contributing to early diagnosis. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Atmospheric dispersion models help to improve air quality; Los modelos de dispersion atmosferica ayudan a mejorar la calidad del aire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, F.

    2013-07-01

    One of the main challenges of the atmospheric sciences is to reproduce as well as possible the phenomena and processes of pollutants in the atmosphere. To do it, mathematical models based in this case on fluid dynamics and mass and energy conservation equations, equations that govern the atmospheric chemistry, etc., adapted to the spatial scales to be simulated, are developed. The dispersion models simulate the processes of transport, dispersion, chemical transformation and elimination by deposition that air pollutants undergo once they are emitted. Atmospheric dispersion models with their multiple applications have become essential tools for the air quality management. (Author)

  17. Modeling, Vicarious Learning, and Basic Needs: Helping All Children (Including Gifted Children) Recover From an Incendiary Political Season

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Tracy L.

    2017-01-01

    This column examines the recent political campaign and possible effects on gifted and talented students. Using psychological theories, the author describes ways that adults can interpret the events and model appropriate American values.

  18. Self-care behaviour for minor symptoms: can Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use help us to understand it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porteous, Terry; Wyke, Sally; Hannaford, Philip; Bond, Christine

    2015-02-01

    To explore whether Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use can aid understanding of self-care behaviour and inform development of interventions to promote self-care for minor illness. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 24 Scottish participants about their experience and management of minor symptoms normally associated with analgesic use. Synthesised data from the interviews were mapped onto the Behavioral Model. All factors identified as influencing decisions about how to manage the symptoms discussed, mapped onto at least one domain of Andersen's model. Individual characteristics including beliefs, need factors and available resources were associated with health behaviour, including self-care. Outcomes such as perceived health status and consumer satisfaction from previous experience of managing symptoms also appeared to feed back into health behaviour. The Behavioral Model seems relevant to self-care as well as formal health services. Additional work is needed to explore applicability of the Behavioral Model to different types of symptoms, different modalities of self-care and in countries with different health care systems. Future quantitative studies should establish the relative importance of factors influencing the actions people take to manage minor symptoms to inform future interventions aimed at optimising self-care behaviour. © 2014 Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

  19. Shapes of leaves with parallel venation. Modelling of the Epipactis sp. (Orchidaceae) leaves with the help of a system of coupled elastic beams

    OpenAIRE

    Jakubska-Busse, Anna; Janowicz, Maciej; Ochnio, Luiza; Jackowska-Zduniak, Beata

    2016-01-01

    Static properties of leaves with parallel venation, with particular emphasis on the genus EpipactisZinn, 1757 (Orchidaceae, Neottieae) have been modelled with coupled quasi-parallel elastic “beams.” The non-linear theory of strongly bended beams have been employed. The resulting boundary-value problem has been solved numerically with the help of the finite-difference method. Possible dislocations resulting in additional Dirac-delta like forces have been take into account. Morphological simila...

  20. Forecasting effects of climate change on Great Lakes fisheries: models that link habitat supply to population dynamics can help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Michael L.; Shuter, Brian J.; Zhao, Yingming; Stockwell, Jason D.

    2006-01-01

    Future changes to climate in the Great Lakes may have important consequences for fisheries. Evidence suggests that Great Lakes air and water temperatures have risen and the duration of ice cover has lessened during the past century. Global circulation models (GCMs) suggest future warming and increases in precipitation in the region. We present new evidence that water temperatures have risen in Lake Erie, particularly during summer and winter in the period 1965–2000. GCM forecasts coupled with physical models suggest lower annual runoff, less ice cover, and lower lake levels in the future, but the certainty of these forecasts is low. Assessment of the likely effects of climate change on fish stocks will require an integrative approach that considers several components of habitat rather than water temperature alone. We recommend using mechanistic models that couple habitat conditions to population demographics to explore integrated effects of climate-caused habitat change and illustrate this approach with a model for Lake Erie walleye (Sander vitreum). We show that the combined effect on walleye populations of plausible changes in temperature, river hydrology, lake levels, and light penetration can be quite different from that which would be expected based on consideration of only a single factor.

  1. Estimation of the phenolic waste attenuation capacity of some fine-grained soils with the help of ANN modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, Supriya; Mukherjee, Somnath; Ghosh, Sudipta

    2014-03-01

    In the present investigation, batch experiments were undertaken in the laboratory for different initial phenol concentration ranging from 10 to 40 mg/L using various types of fine-grained soils namely types A, B, C, D, and E based on physical compositions. The batch kinetic data were statistically analyzed with a three-layered feed-forward artificial neural network (ANN) model for predicting the phenol removal efficiency from the water environment. The input parameters considered were the adsorbent dose, initial phenol concentration, contact time, and percentage of clay and silt content in soils. The response output of the ANN model was considered as the phenol removal efficiency. The predicted results of phenol removal efficiency were compared with the experimental values as obtained from batch tests and also tests for goodness of fitting in ANN model with experimental results. The estimated values of coefficient of correlation (R = 0.99) and mean squared error (MSE = 0.006) reveals a reasonable closeness of experimental and predicted values. Out of five different types of soil, type E exhibited the highest removal efficiency (31.6 %) corresponding to 20 mg/L of initial phenol concentration. A sensitivity analysis was also carried out on the ANN model to ascertain the degree of effectiveness of various input variables.

  2. How an Evolution View of Workplace Mentoring Relationships Helps Avoid Negative Experiences: The Developmental Relationship Mentoring Model in Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington, Rhianon; Cox, Elaine

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we explore how the use of a specific mentoring model focusing on the evolution of the relationship between mentor and mentee, may influence the incidence of failure. In our research we employed a case study methodology to examine a regional public service mentoring scheme in the UK where a developmental relationship mentoring model…

  3. With a Little Help from My Friends: A Computational Model for the Role of Social Support in Mood Regulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tabatabaei, S.; Abro, A.H.; Klein, Michel C.A.

    2017-01-01

    The growing interest in the role of social support in mental and physical health has led to the development of several intelligent systems that aim to use social mechanisms to simulate healthy behaviour. In this paper a computational model of a human agent is presented which describes the effect of

  4. Exploring the MACH Model's Potential as a Metacognitive Tool to Help Undergraduate Students Monitor Their Explanations of Biological Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Caleb M.; Anderson, Trevor R.; Pelaez, Nancy J.

    2016-01-01

    When undergraduate biology students learn to explain biological mechanisms, they face many challenges and may overestimate their understanding of living systems. Previously, we developed the MACH model of four components used by expert biologists to explain mechanisms: Methods, Analogies, Context, and How. This study explores the implementation of…

  5. Improving sexual health communication between older women and their providers: how the integrative model of behavioral prediction can help.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Anne K; Rostant, Ola S; Curran, Paul G

    2014-07-01

    Talking about sexual health can be a challenge for some older women. This project was initiated to identify key factors that improve communication between aging women and their primary care providers. A sample of women (aged 60+) completed an online survey regarding their intent to communicate with a provider about sexual health. Using the integrative model of behavioral prediction as a guide, the survey instrument captured data on attitudes, perceived norms, self-efficacy, and intent to communicate with a provider about sexual health. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Self-efficacy and perceived norms were the most important factors predicting intent to communicate for this sample of women. Intent did not vary with race, but mean scores of the predictors of intent varied for African American and White women. Results can guide practice and intervention with ethnically diverse older women who may be struggling to communicate about their sexual health concerns. © The Author(s) 2013.

  6. How leader humility helps teams to be humbler, psychologically stronger, and more effective: A moderated mediation model

    OpenAIRE

    Rego, Armênio; Owens, Bradley; Leal, Susana; Melo, Ana I.; Cunha, Miguel Pina e; Gonçalves, Lurdes; Ribeiro, Paula

    2017-01-01

    We hypothesize that (a) the level of humility expressed by leaders predicts team performance through, serially, team humility and team PsyCap, and (b) the strength (i.e., consensus within the team) of the leader humility, team humility and teamPsyCap moderates the paths of that hypothesized model. A sample comprising 82 teams (82 leaders; 332 teammembers)was collected. Team members reported leader humility, teamhumility and teamPsyCap. Leaders reported team performance. To hand...

  7. Stochastic models of cellular circadian rhythms in plants help to understand the impact of noise on robustness and clock structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luisa eGuerriero

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Rhythmic behavior is essential for plants; for example, daily (circadian rhythms control photosynthesis and seasonal rhythms regulate their life cycle. The core of the circadian clock is a genetic network that coordinates the expression of specific clock genes in a circadian rhythm reflecting the 24-hour day/night cycle.Circadian clocks exhibit stochastic noise due to the low copy numbers of clock genes and the consequent cell-to-cell variation: this intrinsic noise plays a major role in circadian clocks by inducing more robust oscillatory behavior. Another source of noise is the environment, which causes variation in temperature and light intensity: this extrinsic noise is part of the requirement for the structural complexity of clock networks.Advances in experimental techniques now permit single-cell measurements and the development of single-cell models. Here we present some modeling studies showing the importance of considering both types of noise in understanding how plants adapt to regular and irregular light variations. Stochastic models have proven useful for understanding the effect of regular variations. By contrast, the impact of irregular variations and the interaction of different noise sources are less studied.

  8. Stochastic models of cellular circadian rhythms in plants help to understand the impact of noise on robustness and clock structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerriero, Maria L.; Akman, Ozgur E.; van Ooijen, Gerben

    2014-01-01

    Rhythmic behavior is essential for plants; for example, daily (circadian) rhythms control photosynthesis and seasonal rhythms regulate their life cycle. The core of the circadian clock is a genetic network that coordinates the expression of specific clock genes in a circadian rhythm reflecting the 24-h day/night cycle. Circadian clocks exhibit stochastic noise due to the low copy numbers of clock genes and the consequent cell-to-cell variation: this intrinsic noise plays a major role in circadian clocks by inducing more robust oscillatory behavior. Another source of noise is the environment, which causes variation in temperature and light intensity: this extrinsic noise is part of the requirement for the structural complexity of clock networks. Advances in experimental techniques now permit single-cell measurements and the development of single-cell models. Here we present some modeling studies showing the importance of considering both types of noise in understanding how plants adapt to regular and irregular light variations. Stochastic models have proven useful for understanding the effect of regular variations. By contrast, the impact of irregular variations and the interaction of different noise sources are less well studied. PMID:25374576

  9. Autonomia, heteronomia: observação sobre a relação entre corpo e estrutura na obra de Jacques Lacan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Léa Silveira Sales

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Os anos de 1954 e 1955 correspondem a um momento da obra de Jacques Lacan que pode ser apontado como o auge do recurso mais direto à estrutura que, conformada pelos significantes, responde pela total determinação do sujeito. Neles, o "efeito de sujeito", a partir de sua própria definição, chega a dispensar explicitamente associações com o ser humano, em termos do que essa expressão pudesse indicar como suporte vital, qualquer que fosse. Com a construção do grafo do desejo (1957, o problema passa a receber uma nova configuração. Assiste-se, então, a uma insistente recuperação do papel do corpo na constituição do desejo a partir do modo como é pensada a relação deste com a necessidade e com a demanda. Este artigo aborda os termos dessa reinserção e procura indicar em que sentido ela começa a circunscrever um dos vetores da ultrapassagem da racionalidade estruturalista.

  10. How Lacan's Ethics Might Improve Our Understanding of Nietzsche's Critique of Platonism: The Neurosis and Nihilism of a ‘Life’ Against Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Themi

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available his paper sets to answering the question of how Lacanrsquo;s 1959-60 Seminar on emThe Ethics of Psychoanalysis/em, with its recurring critique of the Platonic idea of a moral Sovereign Good, might contribute to and improve our understanding of the Nietzschean project to diagnose the moral metaphysics instigated by Plato in philosophy, and by Christianity in religion, as a history of untruth and nihilismndash;ndash;emopposed to life/emndash;ndash;in preparation for its overcoming. I explore the possibility that Lacanrsquo;s emEthics/em might make such a contribution by i its tripartite ontology of the real, the symbolic and the imaginary serving as an additional frame of reference for examining the nature of the Good and our configurations of desire beneath it; and ii by its more detailed elaboration of the archaic, polymorphous perversity at the instinctual base of the drives, what Lacan in his emEthics/em will call emdas Ding/em, the somewhat diabolical Freudian Thing. I also attempt to indicate how Nietzschersquo;s own ethics might make a contribution to those of the Lacanian, for the purposes of further combating what I will take to be the contemporary neurosis and nihilism of a lsquo;lifersquo; emagainst/em lifendash;ndash;as indicated today for instance by such phenomena as the physical destruction of the environment, along with us as amongst its earthly inhabitants.

  11. Shapes of leaves with parallel venation. Modelling of the Epipactis sp. (Orchidaceae leaves with the help of a system of coupled elastic beams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Jakubska-Busse

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Static properties of leaves with parallel venation, with particular emphasis on the genus EpipactisZinn, 1757 (Orchidaceae, Neottieae have been modelled with coupled quasi-parallel elastic “beams.” The non-linear theory of strongly bended beams have been employed. The resulting boundary-value problem has been solved numerically with the help of the finite-difference method. Possible dislocations resulting in additional Dirac-delta like forces have been take into account. Morphological similarity of the model and real leaves has been obtained. In particular, the concentrated forces have been shown to cause undulation in the leaves.

  12. Building an information model (with the help of PSL/PSA). [Problem Statement Language/Problem Statement Analyzer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callender, E. D.; Farny, A. M.

    1983-01-01

    Problem Statement Language/Problem Statement Analyzer (PSL/PSA) applications, which were once a one-step process in which product system information was immediately translated into PSL statements, have in light of experience been shown to result in inconsistent representations. These shortcomings have prompted the development of an intermediate step, designated the Product System Information Model (PSIM), which provides a basis for the mutual understanding of customer terminology and the formal, conceptual representation of that product system in a PSA data base. The PSIM is initially captured as a paper diagram, followed by formal capture in the PSL/PSA data base.

  13. Population growth and income growth during the demographic transition: does a Malthusian model help explain their relationship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchet, D

    1990-01-01

    This paper examines the potential links between growth of income/head and population growth during demographic transition. In so doing, both malthusian and neo-Boserupian views are considered with a view to determining which of the 2 paradigms is most useful in explaining the current situation in developing countries. The relationship between demographic and economic progress in the Malthusian system when it is initiated by an exogenous technical progress is discussed. Attention is also called to the recent disappearance of a negative correlation between economic and demographic growth. Finally, the neo-Boseupian model is compared to the Malthusian view, and implications of the analysis as they relate to the desirability of population policies are presented.

  14. CD8+ T cell migration to the skin requires CD4+ help in a murine model of contact hypersensitivity.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanna Fyhrquist

    Full Text Available The relative roles of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in contact hypersensitivity responses have not been fully solved, and remain an important question. Using an adoptive transfer model, we investigated the role of the respective T cell subset. Magnetic bead separated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from oxazolone sensitized C57BL/6 mice were transferred into RAG-/- mice, followed by hapten challenge and analysis of inflammatory parameters at 24 hours post exposure. The CD4+ T cell recipient mice developed partial contact hypersensitivity responses to oxazolone. CD8+ T cells caused significant amplification of the response in recipients of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells including ear swelling, type 1 inflammatory mediators, and cell killing. Unexpectedly, CD8+ T cells were not sufficient to mediate contact hypersensitivity, although abundantly present in the lymph nodes in the CD8+ T cell reconstituted mice. There were no signs of inflammation at the site of hapten exposure, indicating impaired recruitment of CD8+ T cells in the absence of CD4+ T cells. These data show that CD4+ T cells mediate contact hypersensitivity to oxazolone, but CD8+ T cells contribute with the most potent effector mechanisms. Moreover, our results suggest that CD4+ T cell function is required for the mobilization of CD8+ effector T cells to the site of hapten exposure. The results shed new light on the relative importance of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells during the effector phase of contact hypersensitivity.

  15. Skin-derived mesenchymal stem cells help restore function to ovaries in a premature ovarian failure mouse model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dongmei Lai

    Full Text Available Skin-derived mesenchymal stem cells (SMSCs can differentiate into the three embryonic germ layers. For this reason, they are considered a powerful tool for therapeutic cloning and offer new possibilities for tissue therapy. Recent studies showed that skin-derived stem cells can differentiate into cells expressing germ-cell specific markers in vitro and form oocytes in vivo. The idea that SMSCs may be suitable for the treatment of intractable diseases or traumatic tissue damage has attracted attention. To determine the ability of SMSCs to reactivate injured ovaries, a mouse model with ovaries damaged by busulfan and cyclophosphamide was developed and is described here. Female skin-derived mesenchymal stem cells (F-SMSCs and male skin-derived mesenchymal stem cells (M-SMSCs from red fluorescence protein (RFP transgenic adult mice were used to investigate the restorative effects of SMSCs on ovarian function. Significant increases in total body weight and the weight of reproductive organs were observed in the treated animals. Both F-SMSCs and M-SMSCs were shown to be capable of partially restoring fertility in chemotherapy-treated females. Immunostaining with RFP and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH antibodies demonstrated that the grafted SMSCs survived, migrated to the recipient ovaries. After SMSCs were administered to the treated mice, real-time PCR showed that the expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-8, IL-6, IL-1β, and IFNγ were significantly lower in the ovaries than in the untreated controls. Consistent with this observation, expression of oogenesis marker genes Nobox, Nanos3, and Lhx8 increased in ovaries of SMSCs-treated mice. These findings suggest that SMSCs may play a role within the ovarian follicle microenvironment in restoring the function of damaged ovaries and could be useful in reproductive health.

  16. The Idealized Cultural Identities Model on Help-Seeking and Child Sexual Abuse: A Conceptual Model for Contextualizing Perceptions and Experiences of South Asian Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanukollu, Shanta N.; Mahalingam, Ramaswami

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an interdisciplinary framework to study perceptions of child sexual abuse and help-seeking among South Asians living in the United States. We integrate research on social marginality, intersectionality, and cultural psychology to understand how marginalized social experience accentuates South Asian immigrants' desire to…

  17. Sensitivity analysis and metamodeling of a toolchain of models to help sizing vetetative filter strips in a watershed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauvernet, Claire; Noll, Dorothea; Muñoz-Carpena, Rafael; Carluer, Nadia

    2014-05-01

    In Europe, environmental agencies do the finding a significant presence of contaminants in surface water, which is partly due to pesticide applications. Vegetative filter strips (VFS), often located along rivers, are a common tool among other buffer zones to reduce non point source pollution of water by reducing surface runoff. However, they need to be adapted to the agro-pedo-climatic conditions, both in terms of position and size, in order to be efficient. This is one of the roles of TOPPS-PROWADIS project which involves European experts and stakeholders to develop and recommend Best Management Practices (BMPs) to reduce pesticide transfer by drift or runoff in several European countries. In this context, Irstea developed a guide accompanying the use of different tools, which allows designing VFS by simulating their efficiency to limit transfers. It needs the user to define both a scenario of incoming surface runoff and the buffer zone characteristics. First, the contributive zone (surface, length, slope) is derived from the topography by a GIS tool, HydroDem. ; 2nd, the runoff hydrograph coming in the buffer zone is generated from a rainfall hyetogram typical of the area, using Curve Number theory, taking into account soil characteristics. The VFS's optimal width is then deduced for a given desired efficiency (for example 70% of runoff reduction), by using VFSMOD model, which simulates water, suspended matters (and pesticides) transfer inside a vegetative filter strip. Results also indicate if this kind of buffer zone is relevant in that situation (if too high, another type of buffer zone may be more relevant, for example constructed wetland). This method assumes that the user supplies quite a lot of field knowledge and data, which are not always easily available. In order to fill in the lack of real data, a set of virtual scenarios was tested, which is supposed to cover a large range of agro-pedo-climatic conditions in Europe, considering both the upslope

  18. "Medô medo": investigação sobre a fobia em Freud, Lacan e autores contemporâneos a partir de um caso clínico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Ehrlich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de um caso clínico emerge a seguinte questão: a fobia deve ser considerada uma entidade clínica ou uma figura clínica a se presentificar em contextos diversos? O presente artigo investiga o item nas obras de Freud, Lacan e de dois autores da atua­lidade: Ricardo Diaz Romero e Charles Melman, que reacendem o debate em torno do tema. A psicanálise, como constructo teórico que surge a partir da escuta clínica de Freud, somente mantém seu sentido no que continua a nos possibilitar tratar o real da clínica pelo simbólico. Neste sentido é que, efetuado um percurso teórico, retornamos, ao final do artigo, à experiência clínica.Fear fear: an investigation about phobia in Freud, Lacan and other contemporary authors (Diaz Romero and Charles Melman based on a clinical case. A question emerges based on a clinical case: should phobia be considered a clinical entity or a clinical figure to make itself present in various contexts? The present article investigates this matter in the works of Freud, Lacan and two current authors that reignite the debate around the theme. Psychoanalysis, as a theoretical body to emerge from Freud's clinical listening, only maintains its reason of being in which it still makes possible for us to handle the real in clinical experience through the symbolic. It is in this sense that, trailing a theoretical path, we return to the clinical experience at the end of the article.

  19. Help for the Caregiver

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the caregiver needs it. Education and Information Coping Skills Counseling Family Meetings Home Care Help Hospice Care for the Cancer Patient Caregivers have a very hard job and it's normal to need help. Although ...

  20. A helping hand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mirjam de Klerk; Alice de Boer; Sjoerd Kooiker; Inger Plaisier; Peggy Schyns

    2014-01-01

    Original title: Hulp geboden   The help provided to people with a care need is about to undergo major changes in the Netherlands. People who need help will be expected to rely more on help from members of their network. What are the opportunities for informal carers and volunteers, and where

  1. A psicanálise é o que reintroduz o Nome do pai na consideração científica. O que isso significa nos primeiro e segundo ensinos de Lacan?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Guedes Lopes

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Para Lacan, a psicanálise reintroduz o Nome do pai na consideração científica. A ciência moderna trata a existência do homem como dedução do pensamento, não como obra de Deus ou da natureza. A psicanálise opera sobre esse sujeito. Entretanto, não o toma como sujeito sem qualidades como a ciência. O sujeito não resulta apenas de um cálculo nem se exaure no pensamento. A operação do recalque é paradoxal: produz um sujeito separado do seu valor fálico, fato decisivo para o pensamento científico porque considera o princípio de realidade, mas produz também o desejo inconsciente. Isso comprova que é impossível ao sujeito comparecer sem qualidades. S1-S2 não são significantes sem qualidades. Implicam o desejo inconsciente. Este texto demonstra o que significa reintroduzir o Nome do pai na consideração científica. Percorre as vias do progresso e as descontinuidades desse conceito na passagem do primeiro ao segundo ensino de Lacan, principalmente com o conceito de objeto a.

  2. Modeling fine-scale coral larval dispersal and interisland connectivity to help designate mutually-supporting coral reef marine protected areas: Insights from Maui Nui, Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storlazzi, Curt; van Ormondt, Maarten; Chen, Yi-Leng; Elias, Edwin P. L.

    2017-01-01

    Connectivity among individual marine protected areas (MPAs) is one of the most important considerations in the design of integrated MPA networks. To provide such information for managers in Hawaii, USA, a numerical circulation model was developed to determine the role of ocean currents in transporting coral larvae from natal reefs throughout the high volcanic islands of the Maui Nui island complex in the southeastern Hawaiian Archipelago. Spatially- and temporally-varying wind, wave, and circulation model outputs were used to drive a km-scale, 3-dimensional, physics-based circulation model for Maui Nui. The model was calibrated and validated using satellite-tracked ocean surface current drifters deployed during coral-spawning conditions, then used to simulate the movement of the larvae of the dominant reef-building coral, Porites compressa, from 17 reefs during eight spawning events in 2010–2013. These simulations make it possible to investigate not only the general dispersal patterns from individual coral reefs, but also how anomalous conditions during individual spawning events can result in large deviations from those general patterns. These data also help identify those reefs that are dominated by self-seeding and those where self-seeding is limited to determine their relative susceptibility to stressors and potential roadblocks to recovery. Overall, the numerical model results indicate that many of the coral reefs in Maui Nui seed reefs on adjacent islands, demonstrating the interconnected nature of the coral reefs in Maui Nui and providing a key component of the scientific underpinning essential for the design of a mutually supportive network of MPAs to enhance conservation of coral reefs.

  3. Modeling Fine-Scale Coral Larval Dispersal and Interisland Connectivity to Help Designate Mutually-Supporting Coral Reef Marine Protected Areas: Insights from Maui Nui, Hawaii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Curt D. Storlazzi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Connectivity among individual marine protected areas (MPAs is one of the most important considerations in the design of integrated MPA networks. To provide such information for managers in Hawaii, USA, a numerical circulation model was developed to determine the role of ocean currents in transporting coral larvae from natal reefs throughout the high volcanic islands of the Maui Nui island complex in the southeastern Hawaiian Archipelago. Spatially- and temporally-varying wind, wave, and circulation model outputs were used to drive a km-scale, 3-dimensional, physics-based circulation model for Maui Nui. The model was calibrated and validated using satellite-tracked ocean surface current drifters deployed during coral-spawning conditions, then used to simulate the movement of the larvae of the dominant reef-building coral, Porites compressa, from 17 reefs during eight spawning events in 2010–2013. These simulations make it possible to investigate not only the general dispersal patterns from individual coral reefs, but also how anomalous conditions during individual spawning events can result in large deviations from those general patterns. These data also help identify those reefs that are dominated by self-seeding and those where self-seeding is limited to determine their relative susceptibility to stressors and potential roadblocks to recovery. Overall, the numerical model results indicate that many of the coral reefs in Maui Nui seed reefs on adjacent islands, demonstrating the interconnected nature of the coral reefs in Maui Nui and providing a key component of the scientific underpinning essential for the design of a mutually supportive network of MPAs to enhance conservation of coral reefs.

  4. Helping You Help Me: The Role of Diagnostic (In)congruence in the Helping Process within Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, Colin M.; Pillemer, Julianna; Amabile, Teresa M.

    2014-01-01

    Through an inductive, multi-method field study at a major design firm, we investigated the helping process in project work and how that process affects the success of a helping episode, as perceived by help-givers and/or -receivers. We used daily diary entries and weekly interviews from four project teams, and a separate sample of critical incident interviews, to induce process models of successful and unsuccessful helping episodes. We found that, in unsuccessful episodes, help-givers and -re...

  5. Ética e clínica na atenção psicossocial: contribuições da psicanálise de Freud e Lacan Ethics and clinic in psychosocial care: contributions of Freud's and Lacan's psychoanalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abílio Costa-Rosa

    2011-09-01

    start with the analysis of some important propositions about ethics in Mental Health, present in the recent literature, and with my many years of experience in the field of psychosocial care as a worker, as a clinical and institutional advisor with the Ministry of Health, and as a psychotherapist trainer. Two methods of analysis are considered: disciplinary ethics, called psychiatry ethics, including a major attempt to complement it critically from the standpoint of the "ethics of care", and ethics based on psychoanalytic conceptions of the subject and their suffering, which highlights the subject's dimensions as "between" social progress and "between" subjective or "between sense". Based on the guidelines of the National Health System and on the psychoanalysis of the Freudian field, the aim is to justify the ethics of the Psychosocial Care Clinic as the ethics of "self-care" - the necessary basis for the construction of the protagonism of the subjects of suffering in the production of the necessary meaning to overcome suffering and other dilemmas that motivated them to seek help, and also for the possibility of repositioning them on "between social" and "between sense"; health components in line with singularized subjectivity, referenced in socio-cultural ideals and in the desiring future. It is shown that this ethics demands from field workers the dialectical overcoming of the health and subjectivity production modes in line with the capitalist mode of production and its authoritarian derivatives.

  6. Collective helping and bystander effects in coevolving helping networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Hang-Hyun; Lee, Hyun Keun; Park, Hyunggyu

    2010-06-01

    We study collective helping behavior and bystander effects in a coevolving helping network model. A node and a link of the network represents an agent who renders or receives help and a friendly relation between agents, respectively. A helping trial of an agent depends on relations with other involved agents and its result (success or failure) updates the relation between the helper and the recipient. We study the network link dynamics and its steady states analytically and numerically. The full phase diagram is presented with various kinds of active and inactive phases and the nature of phase transitions are explored. We find various interesting bystander effects, consistent with the field study results, of which the underlying mechanism is proposed.

  7. The dynamics of gene expression changes in a mouse model of oral tumorigenesis may help refine prevention and treatment strategies in patients with oral cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foy, Jean-Philippe; Tortereau, Antonin; Caulin, Carlos; Le Texier, Vincent; Lavergne, Emilie; Thomas, Emilie; Chabaud, Sylvie; Perol, David; Lachuer, Joël; Lang, Wenhua; Hong, Waun Ki; Goudot, Patrick; Lippman, Scott M; Bertolus, Chloé; Saintigny, Pierre

    2016-06-14

    A better understanding of the dynamics of molecular changes occurring during the early stages of oral tumorigenesis may help refine prevention and treatment strategies. We generated genome-wide expression profiles of microdissected normal mucosa, hyperplasia, dysplasia and tumors derived from the 4-NQO mouse model of oral tumorigenesis. Genes differentially expressed between tumor and normal mucosa defined the "tumor gene set" (TGS), including 4 non-overlapping gene subsets that characterize the dynamics of gene expression changes through different stages of disease progression. The majority of gene expression changes occurred early or progressively. The relevance of these mouse gene sets to human disease was tested in multiple datasets including the TCGA and the Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer project. The TGS was able to discriminate oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) from normal oral mucosa in 3 independent datasets. The OSCC samples enriched in the mouse TGS displayed high frequency of CASP8 mutations, 11q13.3 amplifications and low frequency of PIK3CA mutations. Early changes observed in the 4-NQO model were associated with a trend toward a shorter oral cancer-free survival in patients with oral preneoplasia that was not seen in multivariate analysis. Progressive changes observed in the 4-NQO model were associated with an increased sensitivity to 4 different MEK inhibitors in a panel of 51 squamous cell carcinoma cell lines of the areodigestive tract. In conclusion, the dynamics of molecular changes in the 4-NQO model reveal that MEK inhibition may be relevant to prevention and treatment of a specific molecularly-defined subgroup of OSCC.

  8. The rise and fall of the autochthonous self: from Italian Renaissance art and Shakespeare to Heidegger, Lacan, and intersubjectivism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chessick, Richard D

    2010-01-01

    This article addresses the unresolved question of the existence of a private core autochthonous self, as it has been described by Winnicott, Modell, and others. The postmodern version of the self has eliminated this concept entirely, relegating the self to a changing and unstable display, or regarding it as totally chaotic, or even an illusion. The question is raised whether by returning to the origins of this notion of a private self and then tracing its apparent dissolution it might be possible to discover some evidence that it still exists. The methodology used is that of obtaining knowledge directly through the arts and the claim is made that because empirical science has clamored to be the only source of knowledge, we have lost what could be obtained by direct intuitive seeing and experiencing the works of creative geniuses. To explore the rise of the autochthonous self this article provides an examination of the shift from Gothic art to Italian Renaissance art, a time which engendered the origin of "man" with his or her elusive private individual self that then became expressed in changing works of art. As this spread north, Shakespeare appeared and similarly invented and illustrated in his characters the private individual self, a concept not appreciated or recognized before the renaissance. But as science arose and Western civilization began to decline, a corresponding disillusionment with "man" took place. The self began to be viewed as solely a social construction with no core except perhaps a genetic endowment. This was accompanied by a reduction in the concept of the human as a valuable and precious living being and was replaced by regarding the human as an object of control and exploitation. After the Second World War a movement in contemporary United States psychoanalysis gradually replaced the ideas of Freud and his emphasis on the "I" in the psychoanalytic process, with forms of relational therapy, assuming that the self was ab initio

  9. Handi Helps, 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handi Helps, 1985

    1985-01-01

    The six issues of Handi Helps presented here focus on specific issues of concern to the disabled, parents, and those working with the disabled. The two-page handi help fact sheets focus on the following topics: child sexual abuse prevention, asthma, scoliosis, the role of the occupational therapist, kidnapping, and muscular dystrophy. Each handi…

  10. Help! It's Hair Loss!

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Videos for Educators Search English Español Help! It's Hair Loss! KidsHealth / For Kids / Help! It's Hair Loss! ... is alopecia (say: al-uh-PEE-shuh). The Hair-y Story The hair on your head is ...

  11. ALGUNS ASPECTOS DA RELAÇÃO ENTRE A TEORIA SAUSSURIANA DA LINGUAGEM E A TEORIA DO SIGNIFICANTE LACANIANO A FEW ASPECTS OF THE RELATION ENTER THE SAUSSURE'S THEORY OF THE LANGUAGE AND THE THEORY OF THE LACAN'S SIGNIFICANT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Augusto Franco Fernandes

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Faz-se necessário uma busca de elementos que venham a facilitar a compreensão das origens do significante lacaniano, na tentativa de esclarecer, pela via do estruturalismo lingüístico, até onde vai, realmente, a influência saussuriana. Sabe-se que o significante lacaniano, mesmo tendo como referência epistemológica o significante saussuriano, ambos não devem ser confundidos. Normalmente se atribui a Ferdinand de Saussure a invenção da teoria do signo. Ressaltaremos, entretanto, que essa “invenção” é bem anterior às teorias do lingüista genebrino. Levaremos em conta as observações de Jean-Luc Nancy e Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, na medida em que esses autores demonstram que o deslocamento operado sobre o esquema saussuriano não vai depender, como comumente se pensa, da autonomia do significante. Verificaremos, portanto, até que ponto mostra-se legítimo o uso do termo significante na teoria lacaniana.A search of elements becomes necessary to facilitate the understanding of the origins of the Lacan´s significant, in the attempt to explain through structural linguistic, the limits of the Saussure´s influence. It is known that the Lacan´s significant, even though has the Saussure´s influence as a reference in epistemology, both “significant” must not be mistaken. It is usually attributed to Ferdinand de Saussure the invention of the theory of the linguistic sign. We will stand out, however, that this “invention” is previous to the theories of the genevan linguist. We will observe the comments of Jean-Luc Nancy and Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, to the point where these authors demonstrate that the displacement operated on the Saussure´s scheme will not depend on, as it is well known, the significant’s autonomy. It will be verified, therefore, how legitimate it is, the use of the significant´s term in the Lacan´s theory.

  12. Can Reading Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowe, Chris

    2003-01-01

    Ponders the effect of September 11th on teenagers. Proposes that reading books can help teenagers sort out complicated issues. Recommends young adult novels that offer hope for overcoming tragedy. Lists 50 short story collections worth reading. (PM)

  13. Helping Kids Handle Worry

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About Stress (Video) Anxiety, Fears, and Phobias Childhood Stress How Can I Help My Child Cope With Divorce? Relax & Unwind Center Worry Less in 3 Steps Five Steps for Fighting Stress Worrying About War - for Kids Stress What Stresses ...

  14. Divorce: Helping Children Cope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Alicia S.; McBride, Jean

    1982-01-01

    Examines children's reactions to the divorce process and explores ways in which adults can promote growth and adjustment in children of divorce. Suggests ways in which parents, teachers, and counselors can help children. (RC)

  15. Hooked on Helping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longhurst, James; McCord, Joan

    2014-01-01

    In this article, teens presenting at a symposium on peer-helping programs describe how caring for others fosters personal growth and builds positive group cultures. Their individual thoughts and opinions are expressed.

  16. Helping a Grieving Parent

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... not manage his time well — leaving one project unfinished and going on to something else. You might help him plan a schedule, or offer to work with him. Spending time together and focusing on ...

  17. Maternal death inquiry and response in India - the impact of contextual factors on defining an optimal model to help meet critical maternal health policy objectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalter Henry D

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Maternal death reviews have been utilized in several countries as a means of identifying social and health care quality issues affecting maternal survival. From 2005 to 2009, a standardized community-based maternal death inquiry and response initiative was implemented in eight Indian states with the aim of addressing critical maternal health policy objectives. However, state-specific contextual factors strongly influenced the effort's success. This paper examines the impact and implications of the contextual factors. Methods We identified community, public health systems and governance related contextual factors thought to affect the implementation, utilization and up-scaling of the death inquiry process. Then, according to selected indicators, we documented the contextual factors' presence and their impact on the process' success in helping meet critical maternal health policy objectives in four districts of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal. Based on this assessment, we propose an optimal model for conducting community-based maternal death inquiries in India and similar settings. Results The death inquiry process led to increases in maternal death notification and investigation whether civil society or government took charge of these tasks, stimulated sharing of the findings in multiple settings and contributed to the development of numerous evidence-based local, district and statewide maternal health interventions. NGO inputs were essential where communities, public health systems and governance were weak and boosted effectiveness in stronger settings. Public health systems participation was enabled by responsive and accountable governance. Communities participated most successfully through India's established local governance Panchayat Raj Institutions. In one instance this led to the development of a multi-faceted intervention well-integrated at multiple levels. Conclusions The impact of several contextual

  18. Maternal death inquiry and response in India--the impact of contextual factors on defining an optimal model to help meet critical maternal health policy objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalter, Henry D; Mohan, Pavitra; Mishra, Archana; Gaonkar, Narayan; Biswas, Akhil B; Balakrishnan, Sudha; Arya, Gaurav; Babille, Marzio

    2011-11-30

    Maternal death reviews have been utilized in several countries as a means of identifying social and health care quality issues affecting maternal survival. From 2005 to 2009, a standardized community-based maternal death inquiry and response initiative was implemented in eight Indian states with the aim of addressing critical maternal health policy objectives. However, state-specific contextual factors strongly influenced the effort's success. This paper examines the impact and implications of the contextual factors. We identified community, public health systems and governance related contextual factors thought to affect the implementation, utilization and up-scaling of the death inquiry process. Then, according to selected indicators, we documented the contextual factors' presence and their impact on the process' success in helping meet critical maternal health policy objectives in four districts of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal. Based on this assessment, we propose an optimal model for conducting community-based maternal death inquiries in India and similar settings. The death inquiry process led to increases in maternal death notification and investigation whether civil society or government took charge of these tasks, stimulated sharing of the findings in multiple settings and contributed to the development of numerous evidence-based local, district and statewide maternal health interventions. NGO inputs were essential where communities, public health systems and governance were weak and boosted effectiveness in stronger settings. Public health systems participation was enabled by responsive and accountable governance. Communities participated most successfully through India's established local governance Panchayat Raj Institutions. In one instance this led to the development of a multi-faceted intervention well-integrated at multiple levels. The impact of several contextual factors on the death inquiry process could be discerned, and suggested an

  19. The U.S. STEM Undergraduate Model: Applying System Dynamics to Help Meet President Obama's Goals for One Million STEM Graduates and the U.S. Navy's Civilian STEM Workforce Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Business-Higher Education Forum, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This report shows how insights gained from system dynamics modeling and the U.S. STEM Undergraduate Model® can help inform the Navy's strategy to grow a robust civilian workforce that is strongly invested with Navy-relevant STEM skills and ready to contribute to the next generation of Naval innovation. This work positions the Navy to serve a…

  20. Lacan’s construction and deconstruction of the schema of the two mirrors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stijn eVanheule

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In the nineteen fifties Jacques Lacan developed a set-up with a concave mirror and a plane mirror, based on which he described the nature of human identification. He also formulated ideas on how psychoanalysis, qua clinical practice, responds to identification. In this paper Lacan’s schema of the two mirrors is described in detail and the theoretical line of reasoning he aimed to articulate with aid of this spatial model is discussed. It is argued that Lacan developed his double-mirror device to clarify the relationship between the drive, the ego, the ideal ego, the ego ideal, the other and the Other. This model helped Lacan describe the dynamics of identification and explain how psychoanalytic treatment works. He argued that by working with free association, psychoanalysis aims to articulate unconscious desire, and bypass the tendency of the ego for misrecognition. The reasons why Lacan stressed the limits of his double-mirror model and no longer considered it useful from the early nineteen sixties onward are examined. It is argued that his concept of the gaze, which he qualifies as a so-called ‘object a,’ prompted Lacan move away from his double-mirror set-up. In those years Lacan gradually began to study the tension between drive and signifier. The schema of the two mirrors, by contrast, focused on the tension between image and signifier, and missed the point Lacan aimed to address in this new era of his work.

  1. Lacan’s Construction and Deconstruction of the Double-Mirror Device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanheule, Stijn

    2011-01-01

    In the 1950s Jacques Lacan developed a set-up with a concave mirror and a plane mirror, based on which he described the nature of human identification. He also formulated ideas on how psychoanalysis, qua clinical practice, responds to identification. In this paper Lacan’s schema of the two mirrors is described in detail and the theoretical line of reasoning he aimed to articulate with aid of this spatial model is discussed. It is argued that Lacan developed his double-mirror device to clarify the relationship between the drive, the ego, the ideal ego, the ego-ideal, the other, and the Other. This model helped Lacan describe the dynamics of identification and explain how psychoanalytic treatment works. He argued that by working with free association, psychoanalysis aims to articulate unconscious desire, and bypass the tendency of the ego for misrecognition. The reasons why Lacan stressed the limits of his double-mirror model and no longer considered it useful from the early 1960s onward are examined. It is argued that his concept of the gaze, which he qualifies as a so-called “object a,” prompted Lacan move away from his double-mirror set-up. In those years Lacan gradually began to study the tension between drive and signifier. The schema of the two mirrors, by contrast, focused on the tension between image and signifier, and missed the point Lacan aimed to address in this new era of his work. PMID:21949511

  2. Ayudele! [Help Him!].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, Maria Gutierrez, Comp.; Almance, Sofia, Comp.

    Written in Spanish and English, the booklet briefly discusses what parents can do to help their child learn at school. The booklet briefly notes the importance of getting enough sleep; eating breakfast; praising the child; developing the five senses; visiting the doctor; having a home and garden; talking, listening, and reading to the child;…

  3. Helping You Age Well

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... surgery can help. Reproductive: Fibroids, ovarian cysts, and cancer of uterus can occur in women; sexual dysfunction increases for men and women. Skin: Protect your skin from the sun; avoid shingles with new ... cancer checks. NIH Resources This special section has been ...

  4. Help Teens Manage Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Grey, dean of the Yale University School of Nursing, developed and tested a program called Coping Skills Training (CST) as a part of routine diabetes ... is to improve diabetic teens' coping and communication skills, healthy ... sugar levels. "Nursing research is about helping people deal with the ...

  5. Help for Mental Illnesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... that participate with your plan. Mental Health and Addiction Insurance Help : This website from the U.S. Department ... in the Health & Education section. The website is mobile and print-friendly. Printed ... eastern time, M-F Phone: 1-866-615-6464 TTY: 1-301-443- ...

  6. Stretching: Does It Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vardiman, Phillip; Carrand, David; Gallagher, Philip M.

    2010-01-01

    Stretching prior to activity is universally accepted as an important way to improve performance and help prevent injury. Likewise, limited flexibility has been shown to decrease functional ability and predispose a person to injuries. Although this is commonly accepted, appropriate stretching for children and adolescents involved with sports and…

  7. Being 'green' helps profitability?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Austin, D.

    1999-01-01

    Pollution reduction beyond regulatory compliance is gaining momentum among firms, but managers ask if being 'green' helps profitability. Evidence suggests it doesn't hurt, but when we see environmentally attractive firms with sound financial performance, it cannot yet say which is cause and which is effect [it

  8. Profile: parents help themselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, G E

    1981-01-01

    A short account is given of a voluntary organization, PACE, formed by parents of young handicapped children in Leeds. PACE provides friendship and help to other parents, arranges the toy library, riding for the disabled and other activities for the children. It also raises money that is needed for special projects.

  9. Helping Them Grow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreidler, William J.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Three articles present suggestions to help elementary teachers promote student development. The first describes games that encourage a sense of community. The second deals with making parent teacher conferences a positive experience. The third discusses how to give confused children who are involved in custody battles an alternative to acting out.…

  10. Foundation helps refurbish buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Camenzind, B.

    2006-01-01

    This article looks at the activities of the Swiss 'Climate-Cent' foundation, which is helping support the energetic refurbishment of building envelopes. The conditions which have to be fulfilled to receive grants are explained. Work supported includes the replacement of windows and the insulation of roofs and attics as well as outside walls. Details on the financial support provided and examples of projects supported are given. The source of the finance needed to provide such support - a voluntary levy on petrol - and further support provided in certain Swiss cantons is commented on

  11. Corona helps curb losses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laasonen, M.; Lahtinen, M.; Lustre, L.

    1996-11-01

    The greatest power losses in electricity transmission arise through a phenomenon called load losses. Corona losses caused by the surface discharge of electricity also constitute a considerable cost item. IVS, the nationwide network company, is investigating corona- induced losses, and has also commissioned similar research from IVO International, the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) and from Tampere University of Technology. The research work strives to gain more in-depth knowledge on the phenomenon of frosting and its impact on corona losses. The correct prediction of frost helps reduce corona losses, while also cutting costs considerably. (orig.)

  12. Modeling tectonic heat flow and source rock maturity in the Rub' Al-Khali Basin (Saudi Arabia), with the help of GOCE satellite gravity data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abdul Fattah, R.; Meekes, S.; Bouman, J.; Ebbing, J.; Haagmans, R.

    2014-01-01

    A 3D basin modeling study was carried out to reconstruct the regional heat flow and source rock maturity in the Rub'al-Khali basin. Gravity gradient data from the GOCE satellite were used to model deep structures, such as the Moho interface. Tectonic heat flow was modeled using the GOCE-based Moho

  13. Technology for helping people

    CERN Multimedia

    Rosaria Marraffino

    2014-01-01

    The first THE Port hackathon problem-solving workshop was held at CERN from 31 October to 2 November in the framework of the 60th anniversary celebrations. The aim of the event was to develop technological projects that can help to solve the day-to-day needs of people living in areas of the planet that experience conflicts or natural disasters.   Collage of shots from THE Port hackathon. Credit: THE Port association The event was dedicated to humanitarian and social topics inspired by members of non-governmental organisations‬. “There is plenty of room for technology to help in humanitarian fields. That’s why we came up with the idea of bringing people together to work on these topics,” explains Ines Knäpper, Project Manager of THE Port hackathon. “We started six months ago setting up THE Port association.* The success of the event was only possible because of the joint effort of a team of roughly twenty people. They were inspired by the aim...

  14. Helping Children Manage Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robson, Maggie; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Describes interventions used to enhance coping and stress management to children and adolescents. Argues that the model of stress upon which the intervention is based dictates the intervention. Implications are discussed of the acceptance of an extended Lazarus/Folkman model for interventions in schools. (CFR)

  15. The Cry for Help

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barney G. Glaser, PhD, Hon. PhD

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Classic grounded theory is being chosen as a methodology throughout the world. One result is the cry for help of many individuals with aspects of their getting the research going for their dissertation. The cry is individual, because CGT attracts on the individual level. No department has chosen it for all its candidates as an option. The novice candidate has the task of convincing his supervisor and/or department of his choice. One reason many choose using CGT is that it offers autonomy. By autonomy I mean total freedom to let the participants’ main concern or problem emerge and the conceptual variables emerge that continually resolve the main concern. Most methodologies require that the research problem and its resolving require they be preconceived before research begins. In short, CGT allows a do not know approach to full discovery. Correcting existing research conjecture is not the goal of CGT.

  16. Why humans might help strangers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nichola Jayne Raihani

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Humans regularly help strangers, even when interactions are apparently unobserved and unlikely to be repeated. Such situations have been simulated in the laboratory using anonymous one-shot games (e.g. prisoner's dilemma where the payoff matrices used make helping biologically altruistic. As in real-life, participants often cooperate in the lab in these one-shot games with non-relatives, despite that fact that helping is under negative selection under these circumstances. Two broad explanations for such behavior prevail. The 'big mistake' or 'mismatch' theorists argue that behavior is constrained by psychological mechanisms that evolved predominantly in the context of repeated interactions with known individuals. In contrast, the cultural group selection theorists posit that humans have been selected to cooperate in anonymous one-shot interactions due to strong between-group competition, which creates interdependence among in-group members. We present these two hypotheses before discussing alternative routes by which humans could increase their direct fitness by cooperating with strangers under natural conditions. In doing so, we explain why the standard lab games do not capture real-life in various important aspects. First, asymmetries in the cost of perceptual errors regarding the context of the interaction (one-shot versus repeated; anonymous versus public might have selected for strategies that minimize the chance of making costly behavioral errors. Second, helping strangers might be a successful strategy for identifying other cooperative individuals in the population, where partner choice can turn strangers into interaction partners. Third, in many real-world situations individuals are able to parcel investments such that a one-shot interaction is turned into a repeated game of many decisions. Finally, in contrast to the assumptions of the prisoner's dilemma model, it is possible that benefits of cooperation follow a non-linear function of

  17. Will Nonlinear Backcalculation Help?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ullidtz, Per

    2000-01-01

    Backcalculation of FWD data often results in unrealistic moduli. The modulus of the subgrade may be two to three times the expected value, and the modulus of an intermediate granular material may be lower than the subgrade modulus. If stresses or strains measured in the pavement are compared...... with theoretical values, the agreement is often poor.All theoretical models for calculating pavement response are based on a number of simplifications with respect to reality and must be verified experimentally. Most models assume that all pavement layers consist of linear elastic materials. This paper...

  18. Help from the strings

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    "How can the nature of basic particles be defined beyond the mechanisms presiding over their creation? Besides the standard model of particle physics - resulting from the postulations of quantum mechanics - contemporary science has pinned its hopes on the totally new unifying notion provided by the highly mathematical string theory."(2 pages)

  19. Helping farmers to reduce herbicide environmental impacts

    OpenAIRE

    Le Bellec, F.; Vélu, A.; Fournier, P.; Le Squin, S.; Michels, S.; Tendero, D.; Bockstaller, Christian

    2015-01-01

    While pesticides help to effectively control crop pests,their collateral effects often harm the environment. On the French island of Reunion in the Indian Ocean, over 75% of the pesticides used are herbicides and they are regularly detected in water. Agri-environmental models and pesticide risk indicators can be used to predict and to help pesticide users to reduce environmental impacts. However, while the complexity of models often limits their use to the field of research, pesti...

  20. SEARCHBreast: a new resource to locate and share surplus archival material from breast cancer animal models to help address the 3Rs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blyth, Karen; Carter, Phil; Morrissey, Bethny; Chelala, Claude; Jones, Louise; Holen, Ingunn; Speirs, Valerie

    2016-04-01

    Animal models have contributed to our understanding of breast cancer, with publication of results in high-impact journals almost invariably requiring extensive in vivo experimentation. As such, many laboratories hold large collections of surplus animal material, with only a fraction being used in publications relating to the original projects. Despite being developed at considerable cost, this material is an invisible and hence an underutilised resource, which often ends up being discarded. Within the breast cancer research community there is both a need and desire to make this valuable material available for researchers. Lack of a coordinated system for visualisation and localisation of this has prevented progress. To fulfil this unmet need, we have developed a novel initiative called Sharing Experimental Animal Resources: Coordinating Holdings-Breast (SEARCHBreast) which facilitates sharing of archival tissue between researchers on a collaborative basis and, de facto will reduce overall usage of animal models in breast cancer research. A secure searchable database has been developed where researchers can find, share, or upload materials related to animal models of breast cancer, including genetic and transplant models. SEARCHBreast is a virtual compendium where the physical material remains with the original laboratory. A bioanalysis pipeline is being developed for the analysis of transcriptomics data associated with mouse models, allowing comparative study with human and cell line data. Additionally, SEARCHBreast is committed to promoting the use of humanised breast tissue models as replacement alternatives to animals. Access to this unique resource is freely available to all academic researchers following registration at https://searchbreast.org.

  1. New simple mathematical model to help evaluating the extent of the late-Quaternary valley glacier in the Upper Soča Region (NW Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš Bavec

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available A simple mathematical model was developed that enables an evaluation of a valley glacier extent independently of any geological data. Based on glaciological criteria and on quantitative analysis of the glacier’s accumulation-, and ablation-areas the modeloffers an opportunity for an independent test of paleoenvironmental interpretations that are traditionally based on (often vague and difficult-to-interpret geomorphological and sedimentological information. The model is presented here through a case study from theUpper Soča River Region.

  2. Can Linear Regression Modeling Help Clinicians in the Interpretation of Genotypic Resistance Data? An Application to Derive a Lopinavir-Score

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cozzi-Lepri, Alessandro; Prosperi, Mattia C F; Kjær, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    explored the potential of linear regression to construct a simple predictive model for lopinavir/r-based TCE. Although, the performance of our proposed score was similar to that of already existing IS, previously unrecognized lopinavir/r-associated mutations were identified. The analysis illustrates...

  3. Citizen Ownership of the Global Commons: an Exploration of How this Model Could Be Applied to Help Us Solve Global Environmental Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dacian Dragoș

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the concept of citizen ownership of the global commons and focuses on specific property rights and management regimes that could be used in order to effectively address the issues of pollution and overuse that impact many of the global commons. There are four major parts to this paper: The first section provides an overview of the theoretical framework that addresses the topic of global commons and sets the stage for the analysis in the following chapters. The second part introduces the reader to the concept of citizen ownership of the global commons and how this concept could work. The third and the forth sections provide an in-depth analysis and assessment of the Sky Trust model developed by Peter Barnes in his book “Who owns the Sky”. The focus is on emphasizing how this model reflects the idea of citizen ownership and how it advances the goal of resource conservation. The last section consists of an imaginary scenario that was developed based on a real case study of a successful fishery in Australia. The aim is to prove that the Sky Trust model could be replicated for the management of other natural resources as well. In the conclusion section it is stressed that the model examined may still have limitations if applied at the global/international level.

  4. Modelization of physical phenomena in research reactors with the help of new developments in transport methods, and methodology validation with experimental data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rauck, St.

    2000-10-01

    The aim of this work is to develop a scheme for experimental reactors, based on transport equations. This type of reactors is characterized by a small core, a complex, very heterogeneous geometry and a large leakage. The possible insertion of neutron beams in the reflector and the presence of absorbers in the core increase the difficulty of the 3D-geometrical description and the physical modeling of the component parameters of the reactor. The Orphee reactor has been chosen for our study. Physical models (homogenization, collapsing cross section in few groups, albedo multigroup condition) have been developed in the APOLLO2 and CRONOS2 codes to calculate flux and power maps in a 3D-geometry, with different burnup and through transport equations. Comparisons with experimental measurements have shown the interest of taking into account anisotropy, steep flux gradients by using Sn methods, and on the other hand using a 12-group cross section library. The modeling of neutron beams has been done outside the core modeling through Monte Carlo calculations and with the total geometry, including a large thickness of heavy water. Thanks to this calculations, one can evaluate the neutron beams anti-reactivity and determinate the core cycle. We assure these methods more accurate than usual transport-diffusion calculations will be used for the conception of new research reactors. (author)

  5. We Want to Help!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trombino, D. F.

    1997-05-01

    The D.M.S.O. is the only full-time optical solar observatory in the Sunshine State. Its instruments are made available on a NO CHARGE basis to deserving Central Florida amateur astronomers, undergraduate students at nearby Stetson University and other local colleges. We are privately owned and completely independent of federal funding. Our research is supported through small, individual and corporate donations (mainly equipment) and the voluntary manpower of trained amateur solar observers. The D.M.S.O. is an affiliate of the Museum of Art & Sciences, Daytona Beach, and maintains ties with the Department of Physics and Computer Sciences at Stetson University in DeLand. Daily solar observations are made in while-light, H-alpha and calcium II K-line wavelengths using University grade Day-Star filters in conjunction with a long focus 15cm refractor and two 12 cm refractors. Particular attention is given to the morphology of sunspots, plage, flares, prominence and other features. Our results are reported to the Solar Sections of the B.A.A. (England), A.L.P.O. (U.S.A.) and SONNE, (Germany). Our East coast location enables us to record photospheric and chromospheric activity well in advance of West coast observatories: an obvious advantage. Numerous lakes at our site provides us with exceptional seeing -- at times approaching one arc/sec. Future plans call for high resolution CCD/video solar patrol monitoring, simultaneously in three wavelengths at 15 second intervals. This and other projects, including establishing a web page, will be undertaken in cooperation with the Computer Sciences Institute at Stetson University. We do no have all the answers, but we may have the solution to your problems. We welcome the opportunity to discuss your needs and our future cooperative goals. We need each other and we want to help! Please leave your card and feel free to contact me at the above address. Our E-mail address is NLTsolar@aol.com, if you prefer.

  6. Can Process Understanding Help Elucidate The Structure Of The Critical Zone? Comparing Process-Based Soil Formation Models With Digital Soil Mapping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanwalleghem, T.; Román, A.; Peña, A.; Laguna, A.; Giráldez, J. V.

    2017-12-01

    There is a need for better understanding the processes influencing soil formation and the resulting distribution of soil properties in the critical zone. Soil properties can exhibit strong spatial variation, even at the small catchment scale. Especially soil carbon pools in semi-arid, mountainous areas are highly uncertain because bulk density and stoniness are very heterogeneous and rarely measured explicitly. In this study, we explore the spatial variability in key soil properties (soil carbon stocks, stoniness, bulk density and soil depth) as a function of processes shaping the critical zone (weathering, erosion, soil water fluxes and vegetation patterns). We also compare the potential of traditional digital soil mapping versus a mechanistic soil formation model (MILESD) for predicting these key soil properties. Soil core samples were collected from 67 locations at 6 depths. Total soil organic carbon stocks were 4.38 kg m-2. Solar radiation proved to be the key variable controlling soil carbon distribution. Stone content was mostly controlled by slope, indicating the importance of erosion. Spatial distribution of bulk density was found to be highly random. Finally, total carbon stocks were predicted using a random forest model whose main covariates were solar radiation and NDVI. The model predicts carbon stocks that are double as high on north versus south-facing slopes. However, validation showed that these covariates only explained 25% of the variation in the dataset. Apparently, present-day landscape and vegetation properties are not sufficient to fully explain variability in the soil carbon stocks in this complex terrain under natural vegetation. This is attributed to a high spatial variability in bulk density and stoniness, key variables controlling carbon stocks. Similar results were obtained with the mechanistic soil formation model MILESD, suggesting that more complex models might be needed to further explore this high spatial variability.

  7. Circulating cytokine levels in acute pancreatitis-model of SIRS/CARS can help in the clinical assessment of disease severity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunjaca, Ivan; Zunic, Josip; Gunjaca, Mihaela; Kovac, Zdenko

    2012-04-01

    The aim of our study was to evaluate the pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine response during acute pancreatitis and its predictive value on severity of disease. A hospital-based prospective clinical study was conducted. Twenty patients with acute pancreatitis were enrolled during a 12-month period. Plasma concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-10 were determined at days 1, 2, 3, 6, and 9. The patient population was analyzed by type of acute pancreatitis. Severity was defined according to the Atlanta criteria for assessing severity of acute pancreatitis. Clinical variables were recorded to patients classified in one of two groups: severe acute pancreatitis (SAP group) and mild acute pancreatitis (MILD group). Patients with SAP had significantly higher average levels of IL-6 compared to the MILD group patients (539.2 pg/L vs. 23.4 pg/L, p < 0.0001). Also, the values of IL-10 were significantly higher in patients with SAP (242.4 pg/L vs. 8.1 pg/L, p = 0.003). The values of TNF-α were not significantly different in both groups. The value of IL-6 and IL-10 showed a positive correlation (r = 0.7964, p < 0.0001). Although a relatively small sample of patients was used, we can conclude that the determination of the value of IL-6 and IL-10 can help in the clinical assessment of disease severity.

  8. An Integrated Assessment Model for Helping the United States Sea Scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) Fishery Plan Ahead for Ocean Acidification and Warming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, Sarah R; Rheuban, Jennie E; Hart, Deborah R; Luu, Victoria; Glover, David M; Hare, Jonathan A; Doney, Scott C

    2015-01-01

    Ocean acidification, the progressive change in ocean chemistry caused by uptake of atmospheric CO2, is likely to affect some marine resources negatively, including shellfish. The Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) supports one of the most economically important single-species commercial fisheries in the United States. Careful management appears to be the most powerful short-term factor affecting scallop populations, but in the coming decades scallops will be increasingly influenced by global environmental changes such as ocean warming and ocean acidification. In this paper, we describe an integrated assessment model (IAM) that numerically simulates oceanographic, population dynamic, and socioeconomic relationships for the U.S. commercial sea scallop fishery. Our primary goal is to enrich resource management deliberations by offering both short- and long-term insight into the system and generating detailed policy-relevant information about the relative effects of ocean acidification, temperature rise, fishing pressure, and socioeconomic factors on the fishery using a simplified model system. Starting with relationships and data used now for sea scallop fishery management, the model adds socioeconomic decision making based on static economic theory and includes ocean biogeochemical change resulting from CO2 emissions. The model skillfully reproduces scallop population dynamics, market dynamics, and seawater carbonate chemistry since 2000. It indicates sea scallop harvests could decline substantially by 2050 under RCP 8.5 CO2 emissions and current harvest rules, assuming that ocean acidification affects P. magellanicus by decreasing recruitment and slowing growth, and that ocean warming increases growth. Future work will explore different economic and management scenarios and test how potential impacts of ocean acidification on other scallop biological parameters may influence the social-ecological system. Future empirical work on the effect of ocean

  9. Toward a Valid Animal Model of Bipolar Disorder: How the Research Domain Criteria Help Bridge the Clinical-Basic Science Divide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosgrove, Victoria E; Kelsoe, John R; Suppes, Trisha

    2016-01-01

    Bipolar disorder is a diagnostically heterogeneous disorder, although mania emerges as a distinct phenotype characterized by elevated mood and increased activity or energy. While bipolar disorder's cyclicity is difficult to represent in animals, models of mania have begun to decode its fundamental underlying neurobiology. When psychostimulants such as amphetamine or cocaine are administered to rodents, a resulting upsurge of motor activity is thought to share face and predictive validity with mania in humans. Studying black Swiss mice, which inherently exhibit proclivity for reward seeking and risk taking, also has yielded some insight. Further, translating the biology of bipolar disorder in humans into animal models has led to greater understanding of roles for candidate biological systems such as the GRIK2 and CLOCK genes, as well as the extracellular signal-related kinase pathway involved in the pathophysiology of the illness. The National Institute of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria initiative seeks to identify building blocks of complex illnesses like bipolar disorder in hopes of uncovering the neurobiology of each, as well as how each fits together to produce syndromes like bipolar disorder or why so many mental illnesses co-occur together. Research Domain Criteria-driven preclinical models of isolated behaviors and domains involved in mania and bipolar disorder will ultimately inform movement toward nosology supported by neurobiology. Copyright © 2016 Society of Biological Psychiatry. All rights reserved.

  10. A Spoonful of Math Helps the Medicine Go Down: An Illustration of How Healthcare can Benefit from Mathematical Modeling and Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ziya Serhan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives A recent joint report from the Institute of Medicine and the National Academy of Engineering, highlights the benefits of--indeed, the need for--mathematical analysis of healthcare delivery. Tools for such analysis have been developed over decades by researchers in Operations Research (OR. An OR perspective typically frames a complex problem in terms of its essential mathematical structure. This article illustrates the use and value of the tools of operations research in healthcare. It reviews one OR tool, queueing theory, and provides an illustration involving a hypothetical drug treatment facility. Method Queueing Theory (QT is the study of waiting lines. The theory is useful in that it provides solutions to problems of waiting and its relationship to key characteristics of healthcare systems. More generally, it illustrates the strengths of modeling in healthcare and service delivery. Queueing theory offers insights that initially may be hidden. For example, a queueing model allows one to incorporate randomness, which is inherent in the actual system, into the mathematical analysis. As a result of this randomness, these systems often perform much worse than one might have guessed based on deterministic conditions. Poor performance is reflected in longer lines, longer waits, and lower levels of server utilization. As an illustration, we specify a queueing model of a representative drug treatment facility. The analysis of this model provides mathematical expressions for some of the key performance measures, such as average waiting time for admission. Results We calculate average occupancy in the facility and its relationship to system characteristics. For example, when the facility has 28 beds, the average wait for admission is 4 days. We also explore the relationship between arrival rate at the facility, the capacity of the facility, and waiting times. Conclusions One key aspect of the healthcare system is its complexity, and

  11. A Spoonful of Math Helps the Medicine Go Down: An Illustration of How Healthcare can Benefit from Mathematical Modeling and Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Objectives A recent joint report from the Institute of Medicine and the National Academy of Engineering, highlights the benefits of--indeed, the need for--mathematical analysis of healthcare delivery. Tools for such analysis have been developed over decades by researchers in Operations Research (OR). An OR perspective typically frames a complex problem in terms of its essential mathematical structure. This article illustrates the use and value of the tools of operations research in healthcare. It reviews one OR tool, queueing theory, and provides an illustration involving a hypothetical drug treatment facility. Method Queueing Theory (QT) is the study of waiting lines. The theory is useful in that it provides solutions to problems of waiting and its relationship to key characteristics of healthcare systems. More generally, it illustrates the strengths of modeling in healthcare and service delivery. Queueing theory offers insights that initially may be hidden. For example, a queueing model allows one to incorporate randomness, which is inherent in the actual system, into the mathematical analysis. As a result of this randomness, these systems often perform much worse than one might have guessed based on deterministic conditions. Poor performance is reflected in longer lines, longer waits, and lower levels of server utilization. As an illustration, we specify a queueing model of a representative drug treatment facility. The analysis of this model provides mathematical expressions for some of the key performance measures, such as average waiting time for admission. Results We calculate average occupancy in the facility and its relationship to system characteristics. For example, when the facility has 28 beds, the average wait for admission is 4 days. We also explore the relationship between arrival rate at the facility, the capacity of the facility, and waiting times. Conclusions One key aspect of the healthcare system is its complexity, and policy makers want to

  12. Performance evaluation of functioning of natural-industrial system of mining-processing complex with help of analytical and mathematical models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosikov, I. I.; Klyuev, R. V.; Revazov, V. Ch; Pilieva, D. E.

    2018-03-01

    The article describes research and analysis of hazardous processes occurring in the natural-industrial system and effectiveness assessment of its functioning using mathematical models. Studies of the functioning regularities of the natural and industrial system are becoming increasingly relevant in connection with the formulation of the task of modernizing production and the economy of Russia as a whole. In connection with a significant amount of poorly structured data, it is complicated by regulations for the effective functioning of production processes, social and natural complexes, under which a sustainable development of the natural-industrial system of the mining and processing complex would be ensured. Therefore, the scientific and applied problems, the solution of which allows one to formalize the hidden structural functioning patterns of the natural-industrial system and to make managerial decisions of organizational and technological nature to improve the efficiency of the system, are very relevant.

  13. The use of models to help in the decision making process related to response after an RDD (Radiological dispersion device) event

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saint Yves, Thalis Leon de Avila; Lauria, Dejanira da Costa; Maia, Arlei; Andrade, Edson Ramos de

    2011-01-01

    Since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, the assessment of radiological impacts for the public and the environment due to radionuclides being scattered by a radiological malevolent event has been a central focus. Models and computational codes have been developed and hypothetical scenarios have been formulated for establishing priority of countermeasures and protective actions; determining of generic operational guidelines; and assessment of risks for exposure population. In this study, a likely scenario was considered for evaluation of radiation exposures after a hypothetical radiological explosion of a 137 Cs device event in an urban environment. Joining to that, the main goal of this study is evaluating the usefulness of the sequential use of two codes for assessment of radiological consequence, and supporting decision making related to a RDD. A summary of the approaches of the two different codes, of their key inputs and outputs are presented. (author)

  14. Can linear regression modeling help clinicians in the interpretation of genotypic resistance data? An application to derive a lopinavir-score.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri

    Full Text Available The question of whether a score for a specific antiretroviral (e.g. lopinavir/r in this analysis that improves prediction of viral load response given by existing expert-based interpretation systems (IS could be derived from analyzing the correlation between genotypic data and virological response using statistical methods remains largely unanswered.We used the data of the patients from the UK Collaborative HIV Cohort (UK CHIC Study for whom genotypic data were stored in the UK HIV Drug Resistance Database (UK HDRD to construct a training/validation dataset of treatment change episodes (TCE. We used the average square error (ASE on a 10-fold cross-validation and on a test dataset (the EuroSIDA TCE database to compare the performance of a newly derived lopinavir/r score with that of the 3 most widely used expert-based interpretation rules (ANRS, HIVDB and Rega. Our analysis identified mutations V82A, I54V, K20I and I62V, which were associated with reduced viral response and mutations I15V and V91S which determined lopinavir/r hypersensitivity. All models performed equally well (ASE on test ranging between 1.1 and 1.3, p = 0.34.We fully explored the potential of linear regression to construct a simple predictive model for lopinavir/r-based TCE. Although, the performance of our proposed score was similar to that of already existing IS, previously unrecognized lopinavir/r-associated mutations were identified. The analysis illustrates an approach of validation of expert-based IS that could be used in the future for other antiretrovirals and in other settings outside HIV research.

  15. Tourette Syndrome: Help Stop Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Submit Button Past Emails Tourette Syndrome: Help Stop Bullying Language: English (US) Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook ... you can increase acceptance by helping to stop bullying of children with TS. Bullying doesn’t just ...

  16. Helping your teen with depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teen depression - helping; Teen depression - talk therapy; Teen depression - medicine ... You, your teen, and your health care provider should discuss what might help your teen the most. The most effective treatments ...

  17. Using a hybrid of traditional 3D FE model, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), and Genetic Algorithms (GA), to help locating DNAPL sources in a contaminated site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, S.; Boger, Z.

    2008-12-01

    After many years of unsuccessful pump and treat in a contaminated site in Washington, it has become clear that the actual locations of Carbon Tetrachloride (CTC) sources, particularly their interception points at the water table, were unknown. In fact, the actual sources at the surface were partly known, particularly where the history of dumping and leaking from several facilities was known. However, due to a 200-feet thick and complex vadose zone, conducive to lateral migration, this knowledge was practically misleading at the high- resolution required by the pump-treat-inject operation. A quick, data-driven Artificial Neural network (ANN) was used to imitate FEFLOW (a 3D finite-element code), in two ways: (a) by direct inverse; and (b) by indirect inverse modeling (which includes forward simulations). Since the ANN is many folds faster than FEFLOW, it could generate millions of scenarios, and then use genetic algorithms (GA) to efficiently search for the combination of sources that minimizes the errors between simulated and measured concentrations in all wells, over time. While results from the direct inverse were not consistent with simulated concentration profiles in the 31 wells, results from the more robust indirect inverse were much closer to the real concentration trends in all wells, as verified by a FEFLOW simulation using the sources determined by indirect inverse.

  18. Protocol for an HTA report: Does therapeutic writing help people with long-term conditions? Systematic review, realist synthesis and economic modelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meads, C; Nyssen, O P; Wong, G; Steed, L; Bourke, L; Ross, C A; Hayman, S; Field, V; Lord, J; Greenhalgh, T; Taylor, S J C

    2014-02-18

    Long-term medical conditions (LTCs) cause reduced health-related quality of life and considerable health service expenditure. Writing therapy has potential to improve physical and mental health in people with LTCs, but its effectiveness is not established. This project aims to establish the clinical and cost-effectiveness of therapeutic writing in LTCs by systematic review and economic evaluation, and to evaluate context and mechanisms by which it might work, through realist synthesis. Included are any comparative study of therapeutic writing compared with no writing, waiting list, attention control or placebo writing in patients with any diagnosed LTCs that report at least one of the following: relevant clinical outcomes; quality of life; health service use; psychological, behavioural or social functioning; adherence or adverse events. Searches will be conducted in the main medical databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, The Cochrane Library and Science Citation Index. For the realist review, further purposive and iterative searches through snowballing techniques will be undertaken. Inclusions, data extraction and quality assessment will be in duplicate with disagreements resolved through discussion. Quality assessment will include using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) criteria. Data synthesis will be narrative and tabular with meta-analysis where appropriate. De novo economic modelling will be attempted in one clinical area if sufficient evidence is available and performed according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) reference case.

  19. {sup 18}F-FDG uptake by spleen helps rapidly predict the dose level after total body irradiation in a Tibetan minipig model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yu Jue; Gu, Wei Wang [Southern Medical University, Department of Laboratory Animal Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Wu, Shao Jie; Guo, Kun Yuan; Chen, Chi [Southern Medical University, Department of Hematology, Zhujiang Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Xie, Qiang; Cai, Liang [Chinese People' s Armed Police Forces, Department of Oncology and PET/CT, Guangdong Provincial Corp Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Zou, Fei [Southern Medical University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China)

    2012-09-15

    To investigate whether {sup 18}F- FDG uptake can be applied in dosimetry to facilitate the rapid and accurate evaluation of individual radiation doses after a nuclear accident. Forty-eight Tibetan minipigs were randomised into a control group (n = 3) and treatment groups (n = 45). {sup 18}F-FDG combined positron-emission tomography and computed tomography (PET/CT) were carried out before total body irradiation (TBI) and at 6, 24 and 72 h after receiving TBI doses ranging from 1 to 11 Gy. Spleen tissues and blood samples were also collected for histological examination, apoptosis and blood analysis. Mean standardised uptake values (SUVs) of the spleen showed significant differences between the experimental and the control groups. Spleen SUV at 6 h post-irradiation showed significant correlation with radiation dose; Spearman's correlation coefficient was 0.97 (P < 0.01). Histological observations showed that damage to the splenic lymphocyte became more severe with an increase in the radiation dose. Moreover, apoptosis was one of the major routes of splenic lymphocyte death, which was also confirmed by flow cytometry analysis. In the Tibetan minipig model, radiation doses have a close relationship with the {sup 18}F-FDG uptake of the spleen. This finding suggests that {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT may be useful for the rapid detection of individual radiation doses. (orig.)

  20. An mHealth model to increase clinic attendance for breast symptoms in rural Bangladesh: can bridging the digital divide help close the cancer divide?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsburg, Ophira M; Chowdhury, Mridul; Wu, Wei; Chowdhury, Md Touhidul Imran; Pal, Bidhan Chandra; Hasan, Rifat; Khan, Zahid H; Dutta, Dali; Saeem, Arif Abu; Al-Mansur, Raiyan; Mahmud, Sahin; Woods, James H; Story, Heather H; Salim, Reza

    2014-02-01

    To demonstrate proof of concept for a smart phone-empowered community health worker (CHW) model of care for breast health promotion, clinical breast examination (CBE), and patient navigation in rural Bangladesh. This study was a randomized controlled trial; July 1 to October 31, 2012, 30 CHWs conducted door-to-door interviews of women aged 25 and older in Khulna Division. Only women who disclosed a breast symptom were offered CBE. Arm A: smart phone with applications to guide interview, report data, show motivational video, and offer appointment for women with an abnormal CBE. Arm B: smart phone/applications identical to Arm A plus CHW had training in "patient navigation" to address potential barriers to seeking care. Arm C: control arm (no smart phone; same interview recorded on paper). Outcomes are presented as the "adherence" (to advice regarding a clinic appointment) for women with an abnormal CBE. This study was approved by Women's College Hospital Research Ethics Board (Toronto, Ontario, Canada) and district government officials (Khulna, Bangladesh). Funded by Grand Challenges Canada. In 4 months, 22,337 women were interviewed; <1% declined participation, and 556 women had an abnormal CBE. Control group CHWs completed fewer interviews, had inferior data quality, and identified significantly fewer women with abnormal breast exams compared with CHWs in arms A and B. Arm B had the highest adherence. CHWs guided by our smart phone applications were more efficient and effective in breast health promotion compared with the control group. CHW "navigators" were most effective in encouraging women with an abnormal breast examination to adhere to advice regarding clinic attendance.

  1. Factors influencing intention to help and helping behaviour in witnesses of bullying in nursing settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Báez-León, Carmen; Moreno-Jiménez, Bernardo; Aguirre-Camacho, Aldo; Olmos, Ricardo

    2016-12-01

    The role played by witnesses of bullying in nursing settings remains little studied, despite their potential relevance in explaining the onset and development of bullying. The objective of this study was to develop a model to account for witnesses' intention to help and helping behaviour in response to bullying in a nursing setting. Three hundred and thirty-seven witnesses completed self-report measures of variables predicting intention to help and helping behaviour. A full structural model was constructed using structural equation modelling. The intention to help victims was elicited by tension, group identity, support to peers' initiative to intervene and absence of fear of retaliation. However, engagement in helping behaviour was only predicted by the absence of fear of retaliation. This study shows that witnesses of bullying in nursing settings do not remain impassive, but their experienced discomfort and intention to help victims is not sufficient to predict helping behaviour. Fear of possible retaliation if intervening in favour of victims constitutes a crucial factor explaining witnesses' hesitation to help victims. Several implications for the implementation of policies directed at eradicating bullying in nursing settings are discussed. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Helping as a Function of Empathic Responses and Sociopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Edward L.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Investigated helping as a function of empathic anxiety (anxiety in response to modeled distress) and individual differences in sociopathic tendencies. Results indicated modeled distress produces increases in anxiety which are positively associated with helping and sociopathic individuals are less likely to help than are nonsociopathic individuals.…

  3. A Physical Model to Help Explain Evaporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branca, M.; Soletta, I.

    2014-01-01

    One of the basic ideas when studying science is that matter is composed of particles (atoms or molecules) and these are in a constant state of agitation. In the solid or liquid state the molecules are attracted to each other, while in the gaseous state they have sufficient energy to overcome the forces of cohesion and can move away from one…

  4. Osteoporosis Treatment: Medications Can Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osteoporosis treatment: Medications can help Osteoporosis treatment may involve medication along with lifestyle change. Get answers to some of the most common questions about osteoporosis treatment. By ...

  5. Does Marijuana Help Treat Glaucoma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Ophthalmologist Patient Stories Español Eye Health / Tips & Prevention Marijuana Sections Does Marijuana Help Treat Glaucoma? Why Eye ... Don't Recommend Marijuana for Glaucoma Infographic Does Marijuana Help Treat Glaucoma? Leer en Español: La marihuana ...

  6. Helping Your Child through Early Adolescence -- Helping Your Child Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Effective Parent Communication Independence Confidence Friendships Media The Middle Grades Parent Involvement Reading Motivation Values Problems Conclusion Resources Bibliography Acknowledgements Tips to Help Your Child through Early Adolescence No Child Left Behind < Previous ...

  7. Logotherapy: A Way to Help the Learning Disabled Help Themselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieban-Kalmar, Vera

    1984-01-01

    A former teacher of learning disabled adolescents describes how logo-therapy, an approach which stresses responsibility for one's self, can help students gain new attitudes towards themselves, their peers, and their goals. Examples of circle sessions are offered. (CL)

  8. How Advertising History Helps Explain Current Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanfranco, Leonard W.

    Students majoring in advertising can benefit from a study of that field in its historical context because such study helps them to understand current practices and to foresee future developments. One model of teaching advertising history within a required course about advertising and society begins with some basic definitions of the advertising…

  9. Toddlers Selectively Help Fair Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Surian

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Previous research showed that infants and toddlers are inclined to help prosocial agents and assign a positive valence to fair distributions. Also, they expect that positive and negative actions directed toward distributors will conform to reciprocity principles. This study investigates whether toddlers are selective in helping others, as a function of others’ previous distributive actions. Toddlers were presented with real-life events in which two actresses distributed resources either equally or unequally between two puppets. Then, they played together with a ball that accidentally fell to the ground and asked participants to help them to retrieve it. Participants preferred to help the actress who performed equal distributions. This finding suggests that by the second year children’s prosocial actions are modulated by their emerging sense of fairness.HighlightsToddlers (mean age = 25 months are selective in helping distributors.Toddlers prefer helping a fair rather than an unfair distributor.Toddlers’ selective helping provides evidence for an early sense of fairness.

  10. Helping Grieving Children and Teenagers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... renewed grief. Understanding how children and teens view death It is helpful to know how children understand ... or her. Expressing your emotions can encourage your son or daughter to share his or her own ...

  11. New Vaccines Help Protect You

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues New Vaccines Help Protect You Past Issues / Fall 2006 Table ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Important new vaccines have recently been approved for use and are ...

  12. Emojis help young people communicate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-26

    'The use of technology to support communication in therapy is an exciting development, particularly the use of mobile device emojis to help young people express, and practitioners to assess, their mental distress'.

  13. Helping Teachers Help Themselves: Professional Development That Makes a Difference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Kevin; Parker, Melissa; Tannehill, Deborah

    2015-01-01

    For school administrators to facilitate impactful teacher professional development, a shift in thinking that goes beyond the acquisition of new skills and knowledge to helping teachers rethink their practice is required. Based on review of the professional development literature and our own continued observations of professional development, this…

  14. How can you help SSMJ?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    and Rachel Ayrton. Trustees of the South Sudan. Medical Journal charity. How can you help SSMJ? 31. If you are reading this you know that 'SSMJ' is a journal and a website. But you may not realize that SSMJ is also a charity. The journal is overseen by the Editor-in-Chief, Edward Luka, supported by the. Editorial Board ...

  15. Unpaid help: who does what?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mirjam de Klerk; Alice de Boer; Sjoerd Kooiker; Peggy Schyns

    2015-01-01

    Original title: Informele hulp: wie doet er wat? There is currently a great deal of interest in the Netherlands in people’s reliance on their own networks in times of need. What can people do for each other when someone needs help because of health problems? And what are they already

  16. Scholarship can help ideas flourish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, Lynne

    2016-03-09

    Scholarships from the Florence Nightingale Foundation are providing nurses with the financial means to put innovative ideas into practice. Nurses from all four countries of the UK can apply for leadership, travel and research scholarships to support their career development and help improve patient care.

  17. Helping fans to get fit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trueland, Jennifer

    A health and weight loss programme supported by nurses and delivered by professional football clubs in Scotland has been hailed a success in helping men to lose weight sustainably. It uses participants love of football to motivate them to make healthy lifestyle changes.

  18. Motivational Maturity and Helping Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haymes, Michael; Green, Logan

    1977-01-01

    Maturity in conative development (type of motivation included in Maslow's needs hierarchy) was found to be predictive of helping behavior in middle class white male college students. The effects of safety and esteem needs were compared, and the acceptance of responsibility was also investigated. (GDC)

  19. HELP: Healthy Early Literacy Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rader, Laura A.

    2008-01-01

    A daily intensive supplemental reading and writing program was developed to assist students who were: 1. identified with a language disability and 2. identified as at-risk for reading failure in an urban elementary school. The purpose of the program was to help these students understand and develop the connection between oral and written language…

  20. The process leading to help seeking following childhood trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stige, Signe Hjelen; Træen, Bente; Rosenvinge, Jan H

    2013-10-01

    In this article we explore the process leading to help seeking following childhood trauma among women who were currently in treatment. We interviewed 13 participants from six treatment groups for clients exposed to human-inflicted traumas. Transcripts were analyzed using a hermeneutical-phenomenological approach. Help seeking was initiated after a prolonged period of time (13 to 58 years after first trauma exposure), during which participants relied heavily on a strategy of managing on their own. Self-management contributed to delays in help seeking, but was also an important resource. High levels of distress were reported prior to help seeking, often without help seeking being considered as an option. The participants sought help when encountering situational demands exceeding available resources, resulting in experiences of exhaustion and loss of control. We present a model of the help-seeking process, underlining the importance of respecting and exploring the individual process of seeking help when offering trauma-specific treatment.

  1. Motivational maturity and helping behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haymes, M; Green, L

    1977-12-01

    This study was undertaken to examine the independent influences of conative development (the Maslow needs hierarchy) upon behavioral aspects of prosocial orientations. It provides a behavioral demonstration of conative effects in a helping paradigm, among college-age men. A comparison of the conative data across the ages of 15-22 provided a cross-sectional view of conative development itself. Conative maturity was found to be predictive of greater helping among college-age men. Situational demands were demonstrated which tended to mask, but not override, these predispositional influences on helping. The cross-sectional data on conative development point to probable movement to early esteem concerns among high school men who have reached the conative level of love and belonging. On the other hand, the stability across the years of 15-22 of proportion of safety concerns suggests fixation of such concerns in those exhibiting them in high school. Results are discussed in terms of conative growth for development of prosocial orientations.

  2. The fantasy of authenticity: touring with Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Knudsen, Daniel C.; Rickly, J.M.; Vidon, Elizabeth S.

    2016-01-01

    Amidst the plethora of research regarding the meaning of authenticity, there remains uncertainty as to the work authenticity performs in tourism. Existential authenticity conceptually shifts focus from the objects of touristic practice to a sense of Being, suggesting that authenticity can be achieved, albeit only in the liminal moments of tourism experiences. Psychoanalysis would contend otherwise – authenticity will always be beyond our reach. In a 2006 publication, Tim Oakes broaches the to...

  3. Autenticidade: o psicanalista entre Ferenczi e Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Migliani Vitorello

    2015-01-01

    Trata-se de uma pesquisa que aborda o psicanalista na relação com o seu ser. Uma vez que a psicanálise não é um mero conjunto de técnicas aprendidas e aplicadas, a dificuldade do seu ofício se torna complexa e singular e, sobretudo, ao psicanalista, coloca-se o problema da sua presença. Dessa forma, Freud logo percebeu a própria influência que os processos psíquicos do analista produziam em uma análise, de modo que, para ele, seria necessário que o analista se encontrasse em uma determinada p...

  4. How to help teachers' voices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saatweber, Margarete

    2008-01-01

    It has been shown that teachers are at high risk of developing occupational dysphonia, and it has been widely accepted that the vocal characteristics of a speaker play an important role in determining the reactions of listeners. The functions of breathing, breathing movement, breathing tonus, voice vibrations and articulation tonus are transmitted to the listener. So we may conclude that listening to the teacher's voice at school influences children's behavior and the perception of spoken language. This paper presents the concept of Schlaffhorst-Andersen including exercises to help teachers improve their voice, breathing, movement and their posture. Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  5. Do Dogs Provide Information Helpfully?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrizia Piotti

    Full Text Available Dogs are particularly skilful during communicative interactions with humans. Dogs' abilities to use human communicative cues in cooperative contexts outcompete those of other species, and might be the result of selection pressures during domestication. Dogs also produce signals to direct the attention of humans towards outside entities, a behaviour often referred to as showing behaviour. This showing behaviour in dogs is thought to be something dogs use intentionally and referentially. However, there is currently no evidence that dogs communicate helpfully, i.e. to inform an ignorant human about a target that is of interest to the human but not to the dog. Communicating with a helpful motive is particularly interesting because it might suggest that dogs understand the human's goals and need for information. In study 1, we assessed whether dogs would abandon an object that they find interesting in favour of an object useful for their human partner, a random novel distractor, or an empty container. Results showed that it was mainly self-interest that was driving the dogs' behaviour. The dogs mainly directed their behaviour towards the object they had an interest in, but dogs were more persistent when showing the object relevant to the human, suggesting that to some extent they took the humans interest into account. Another possibility is that dogs' behaviour was driven by an egocentric motivation to interact with novel targets and that the dogs' neophila might have masked their helpful tendencies. Therefore, in study 2 the dogs had initial access to both objects, and were expected to indicate only one (relevant or distractor. The human partner interacted with the dog using vocal communication in half of the trials, and remaining silent in the other half. Dogs from both experimental groups, i.e. indicating the relevant object or indicating the distractor, established joint attention with the human. However, the human's vocal communication and the

  6. Do Dogs Provide Information Helpfully?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotti, Patrizia; Kaminski, Juliane

    2016-01-01

    Dogs are particularly skilful during communicative interactions with humans. Dogs' abilities to use human communicative cues in cooperative contexts outcompete those of other species, and might be the result of selection pressures during domestication. Dogs also produce signals to direct the attention of humans towards outside entities, a behaviour often referred to as showing behaviour. This showing behaviour in dogs is thought to be something dogs use intentionally and referentially. However, there is currently no evidence that dogs communicate helpfully, i.e. to inform an ignorant human about a target that is of interest to the human but not to the dog. Communicating with a helpful motive is particularly interesting because it might suggest that dogs understand the human's goals and need for information. In study 1, we assessed whether dogs would abandon an object that they find interesting in favour of an object useful for their human partner, a random novel distractor, or an empty container. Results showed that it was mainly self-interest that was driving the dogs' behaviour. The dogs mainly directed their behaviour towards the object they had an interest in, but dogs were more persistent when showing the object relevant to the human, suggesting that to some extent they took the humans interest into account. Another possibility is that dogs' behaviour was driven by an egocentric motivation to interact with novel targets and that the dogs' neophila might have masked their helpful tendencies. Therefore, in study 2 the dogs had initial access to both objects, and were expected to indicate only one (relevant or distractor). The human partner interacted with the dog using vocal communication in half of the trials, and remaining silent in the other half. Dogs from both experimental groups, i.e. indicating the relevant object or indicating the distractor, established joint attention with the human. However, the human's vocal communication and the presence of the

  7. Differences help recognition: a probabilistic interpretation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Deng

    Full Text Available This paper presents a computational model to address one prominent psychological behavior of human beings to recognize images. The basic pursuit of our method can be concluded as that differences among multiple images help visual recognition. Generally speaking, we propose a statistical framework to distinguish what kind of image features capture sufficient category information and what kind of image features are common ones shared in multiple classes. Mathematically, the whole formulation is subject to a generative probabilistic model. Meanwhile, a discriminative functionality is incorporated into the model to interpret the differences among all kinds of images. The whole Bayesian formulation is solved in an Expectation-Maximization paradigm. After finding those discriminative patterns among different images, we design an image categorization algorithm to interpret how these differences help visual recognition within the bag-of-feature framework. The proposed method is verified on a variety of image categorization tasks including outdoor scene images, indoor scene images as well as the airborne SAR images from different perspectives.

  8. REACHING THE COMPUTING HELP DESK

    CERN Multimedia

    Miguel MARQUINA; Roger WOOLNOUGH; IT/User Support

    1999-01-01

    The way to contact the Computing Help Desk (also known as 'UCO' and hosted by IT Division as an entry point for general computing issues) has been streamlined in order to facilitate access to it. A new telephone line and email address have been set: Phone number: 78888Email: Helpdesk@cern.chhopefully easier to remember. Both entries are operational since last December. The previous number and email address remain valid and have been turned into aliases of the above. However we encourage using the latter at your convenience from now on. For additional information please see the article published at the CERN Computing Newsletter 233:http://consult.cern.ch/cnl/233/art_uco.htmlDo not hesitate to contact us (by email to User.Relations@cern.ch) for additional information or feedback regarding this matter.Nicole Cremel, Miguel Marquina, Roger WoolnoughIT/UserSupport

  9. Homosexuality: how therapists can help?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mudassir Hassan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from its list of mental disorders in 1974. Before that, for more than a century, homosexuality and bisexuality were assumed to be mental illnesses. Studies have shown that there is no difference between homosexual and heterosexual individuals with regard to psychological functioning. However, an effect of stress related to stigmatisation was observed in the cases of homosexuality. Such kind of stress may increase the risk of suicide attempts, substance abuse, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, and emotional distress. Findings of researches have suggested that there is a need for better education and training of mental health practitioners in this area. Therefore, in the present paper, few cases of homosexuality are discussed in the context of effect of stigmatisation and aspects of intimate relationships in these individuals. Further, the role of psychologists/professionals as therapists in providing their help to homosexual clients has also been presented.

  10. Attitude and help-seeking for hearing impairment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    vandenBrink, RHS; Wit, HP; Kempen, GIJM; vanHeuvelen, MJG

    1996-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate help-seeking for hearing impairment in the elderly, and to compare groups showing dissimilar help-seeking on their attitude toward hearing loss and hearing aids. Attitude factors were based on a revised version of the Health Belief Model, and included

  11. Implementation of the Enhanced Moderated Online Social Therapy (MOST+) Model Within a National Youth E-Mental Health Service (eheadspace): Protocol for a Single Group Pilot Study for Help-Seeking Young People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Simon; Gleeson, John; Leicester, Steven; Bendall, Sarah; D'Alfonso, Simon; Gilbertson, Tamsyn; Killackey, Eoin; Parker, Alexandra; Lederman, Reeva; Wadley, Greg; Santesteban-Echarri, Olga; Pryor, Ingrid; Mawren, Daveena; Ratheesh, Aswin; Alvarez-Jimenez, Mario

    2018-02-22

    using MOST+. Recruitment for the study commenced in October 2017. We expect to have initial results in March 2018, with more detailed qualitative and quantitative analyses to follow. This is the first Australia-wide research trial to pilot an online social media platform merging real-time clinical support, expert and peer moderation, interactive online therapy, and peer-to-peer social networking. The importance of the project stems from the need to develop innovative new models for the efficient delivery of responsive evidence-based online support to help-seeking young people. If successful, this research stands to complement and enhance e-mental health services in Australia. ©Simon Rice, John Gleeson, Steven Leicester, Sarah Bendall, Simon D'Alfonso, Tamsyn Gilbertson, Eoin Killackey, Alexandra Parker, Reeva Lederman, Greg Wadley, Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Ingrid Pryor, Daveena Mawren, Aswin Ratheesh, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 22.02.2018.

  12. Can score databanks help teaching?

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Mendonça, Vitor Rosa Ramos; Andrade, Bruno Bezerril; Almeida, Alessandro; Barral-Netto, Manoel

    2011-01-05

    Basic courses in most medical schools assess students' performance by conferring scores. The objective of this work is to use a large score databank for the early identification of students with low performance and to identify course trends based on the mean of students' grades. We studied scores from 2,398 medical students registered in courses over a period of 10 years. Students in the first semester were grouped into those whose ratings remained in the lower quartile in two or more courses (low-performance) and students who had up to one course in the lower quartile (high-performance). ROC curves were built, aimed at the identification of a cut-off average score in the first semesters that would be able to predict low performances in future semesters. Moreover, to follow the long-term pattern of each course, the mean of all scores conferred in a semester was compared to the overall course mean obtained by averaging 10 years of data. Individuals in the low-performance group had a higher risk of being in the lower quartile of at least one course in the second semester (relative risk 3.907; 95% CI: 3.378-4.519) and in the eighth semester (relative risk 2.873; 95% CI: 2.495-3.308). The prediction analysis revealed that an average score of 7.188 in the first semester could identify students that presented scores below the lower quartiles in both the second and eighth semesters (pstudents with low performance may be useful in promoting pedagogical strategies for these individuals. Evaluation of the time trend of scores conferred by courses may help departments monitoring changes in personnel and methodology that may affect a student's performance.

  13. Could plants help tame the greenhouse?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baskin, Y.

    1993-01-01

    It's easy to see how climate change might affect the globe's vegetation, driving hardwood forests into regions now covered with evergreens and causing deserts to shift. It's less easy to picture the other side of the coin: biology's impact on the atmosphere. So mathematician Berrien Moore III of the University of New Hampshire, who heads the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program task force on global analysis, interpretation, and modeling, staged a simple demonstration. He modeled the effects of a biosphere fertilized by increased CO 2 - and found that it could first help, then hinder, human efforts to slow the buildup of greenhouse gases. To simulate such a biotic carbon sink, Moore combined a simple model of CO 2 uptake by the ocean with an equally simple model of its uptake by photosynthesis on land and its release by deforestation and plant decay. He then forced this simple ocean-atmosphere-vegetation model with fossil fuel CO 2 emissions from 1860 to the present. As expected, his model ended up with too much carbon in the atmosphere. So he turned up photosynthesis, fertilizing plant growth in his model, until the rate of CO 2 buildup just matched the observed increase. Moore then explored how this terrestrial carbon sink would respond if the CO 2 buildup slowed. The result: If you were to cap the rate of CO 2 emissions from fossil fuel burning, [this terrestrial] sink would reduce the atmospheric lifetime of CO 2 by a factor of four or five. This cleansing effect would operate on timescales of years or decades, compared with centuries for the ocean, says Moore - fast enough to aid human efforts to slow the CO 2 buildup. However, it doesn't do it forever. If at some point emissions cuts and the terrestrial sink succeeded in reducing atmospheric CO 2 , plant growth would drop and CO 2 levels would bounce back up as all the extra biomass rotted away

  14. Emotional Sentence Annotation Helps Predict Fiction Genre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samothrakis, Spyridon; Fasli, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Fiction, a prime form of entertainment, has evolved into multiple genres which one can broadly attribute to different forms of stories. In this paper, we examine the hypothesis that works of fiction can be characterised by the emotions they portray. To investigate this hypothesis, we use the work of fictions in the Project Gutenberg and we attribute basic emotional content to each individual sentence using Ekman's model. A time-smoothed version of the emotional content for each basic emotion is used to train extremely randomized trees. We show through 10-fold Cross-Validation that the emotional content of each work of fiction can help identify each genre with significantly higher probability than random. We also show that the most important differentiator between genre novels is fear.

  15. Emotional Sentence Annotation Helps Predict Fiction Genre.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spyridon Samothrakis

    Full Text Available Fiction, a prime form of entertainment, has evolved into multiple genres which one can broadly attribute to different forms of stories. In this paper, we examine the hypothesis that works of fiction can be characterised by the emotions they portray. To investigate this hypothesis, we use the work of fictions in the Project Gutenberg and we attribute basic emotional content to each individual sentence using Ekman's model. A time-smoothed version of the emotional content for each basic emotion is used to train extremely randomized trees. We show through 10-fold Cross-Validation that the emotional content of each work of fiction can help identify each genre with significantly higher probability than random. We also show that the most important differentiator between genre novels is fear.

  16. Emotional Sentence Annotation Helps Predict Fiction Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samothrakis, Spyridon; Fasli, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Fiction, a prime form of entertainment, has evolved into multiple genres which one can broadly attribute to different forms of stories. In this paper, we examine the hypothesis that works of fiction can be characterised by the emotions they portray. To investigate this hypothesis, we use the work of fictions in the Project Gutenberg and we attribute basic emotional content to each individual sentence using Ekman’s model. A time-smoothed version of the emotional content for each basic emotion is used to train extremely randomized trees. We show through 10-fold Cross-Validation that the emotional content of each work of fiction can help identify each genre with significantly higher probability than random. We also show that the most important differentiator between genre novels is fear. PMID:26524352

  17. Self-Help Groups and Professional Helpers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balgopal, Pallassana R.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Suggests innovative solutions for mutual benefits for self-help groups and the professionals. Through a derivative paradigm the role of the professional helper within self-help groups is presented. (Author/BL)

  18. Can Vitamins Help Prevent a Heart Attack?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... vitamins help prevent a heart attack? Can taking vitamins help prevent heart disease or a heart attack? Answers ... M.D. It's not yet clear if taking vitamins can reduce your risk of developing heart disease ...

  19. Physical Activity Helps Seniors Stay Mobile

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Special Issues Subscribe July 2014 Print this issue Physical Activity Helps Seniors Stay Mobile En español Send us your comments A carefully structured, moderate physical activity program helped vulnerable older people maintain their ...

  20. Helping Behavior in Multinational Executive Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mors, Marie Louise; Miller, Stewart; McDonald, Michael

    This study develops a framework that draws upon the socio-psychology and network literatures to explain helping behavior in an executive’s multinational network. Focusing on executives' perceptions of willingness to help, we examine network structure (geographic and organizational boundaries...... for the role of network structural characteristics in that organizational boundaries rather than geographic boundaries influence perceived helping behavior....

  1. 6 FAQs About Helping Someone Quit Smoking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Many people want to help their friends and loved ones quit smoking. But, they often don't know how. Here are 6 frequently asked questions about how to help someone quit smoking to help you get the information you need.

  2. How Configuration Management Helps Projects Innovate and Communicate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cioletti, Louis A.; Guidry, Carla F.

    2009-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the concept of Configuration Management (CM) and compares it to the standard view of Project management (PM). It presents two PM models: (1) Kepner-Tregoe,, and the Deming models, describes why projects fail, and presents methods of how CM helps projects innovate and communicate.

  3. Does Generic Advertising Help or Hurt Brand Advertising?

    OpenAIRE

    Suh, Daeseok; Chung, Chanjin

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the generic advertising helps or hurts the brand advertising within the differentiated product environments. We develop an analytical model that includes both generic and brand advertising expenditures considering vertical product differentiation. Then the analysis is devoted to examine how marginal effects of expenditure affect each other under product differentiation. To help examine the relationship, we also include a new variable, the de...

  4. Help-Seeking on Facebook Versus More Traditional Sources of Help: Cross-Sectional Survey of Military Veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Alan R; Marsh, Heather E; Liebow, Samuel B L; Chen, Jason I; Forsberg, Christopher W; Nicolaidis, Christina; Saha, Somnath; Dobscha, Steven K

    2018-02-26

    The media has devoted significant attention to anecdotes of individuals who post messages on Facebook prior to suicide. However, it is unclear to what extent social media is perceived as a source of help or how it compares to other sources of potential support for mental health problems. This study aimed to evaluate the degree to which military veterans with depression use social media for help-seeking in comparison to other more traditional sources of help. Cross-sectional self-report survey of 270 adult military veterans with probable major depression. Help-seeking intentions were measured with a modified General Help-Seeking Questionnaire. Facebook users and nonusers were compared via t tests, Chi-square, and mixed effects regression models. Associations between types of help-seeking were examined using mixed effects models. The majority of participants were users of social media, primarily Facebook (n=162). Mean overall help-seeking intentions were similar between Facebook users and nonusers, even after adjustment for potential confounders. Facebook users were very unlikely to turn to Facebook as a venue for support when experiencing either emotional problems or suicidal thoughts. Compared to help-seeking intentions for Facebook, help-seeking intentions for formal (eg, psychologists), informal (eg, friends), or phone helpline sources of support were significantly higher. Results did not substantially change when examining users of other social media, women, or younger adults. In its current form, the social media platform Facebook is not seen as a venue to seek help for emotional problems or suicidality among veterans with major depression in the United States. ©Alan R Teo, Heather E Marsh, Samuel B L Liebow, Jason I Chen, Christopher W Forsberg, Christina Nicolaidis, Somnath Saha, Steven K Dobscha. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 26.02.2018.

  5. WE-H-201-01: The Opportunities and Benefits of Helping LMICs: How Helping Them Can Help You

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pollard, J. [MD Anderson Cancer Center (United States)

    2016-06-15

    The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented. Roughly 60 % of the worldwide incidence of cancer occurs in these resource-limited settings and the international community alongside governmental and non-profit agencies have begun publishing reports and seeking help from qualified volunteers. However, the focus of several reports has been on how dire the situation is and the magnitude of the problem, leaving most to feel overwhelmed and unsure as to how to help and why to get involved. This session will help to explain the specific ways that Medical Physicists can uniquely assist in this grand effort to help bring radiotherapy to grossly-underserved areas. Not only can these experts fulfill an important purpose, they also can benefit professionally, academically, emotionally and socially from the endeavor. By assisting others worldwide with their skillset, Medical Physicists can end up helping themselves. Learning Objectives: Understand the need for radiotherapy in LMICs. Understand which agencies are seeking Medical Physicists for help in LMICs. Understand the potential research funding mechanisms are available to establish academic collaborations with LMIC researchers/physicians. Understand the potential social and emotional benefits for both the physicist and the LMIC partners when collaborations are made. Understand the potential for collaboration with other high-income scientists that can develop as the physicist partners with other large institutions to assist LMICs. Wil Ngwa - A recent United Nations Study reports that in developing countries more people have access to cell phones than toilets. In Africa, only 63% of the population has access to piped water, yet, 93% of Africans have cell phone service. Today, these cell phones, Skype, WhatsApp and other information and communication technologies (ICTs) connect us in unprecedented ways and are increasingly recognized as powerful, indispensable to global

  6. WE-H-201-01: The Opportunities and Benefits of Helping LMICs: How Helping Them Can Help You

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pollard, J.

    2016-01-01

    The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented. Roughly 60 % of the worldwide incidence of cancer occurs in these resource-limited settings and the international community alongside governmental and non-profit agencies have begun publishing reports and seeking help from qualified volunteers. However, the focus of several reports has been on how dire the situation is and the magnitude of the problem, leaving most to feel overwhelmed and unsure as to how to help and why to get involved. This session will help to explain the specific ways that Medical Physicists can uniquely assist in this grand effort to help bring radiotherapy to grossly-underserved areas. Not only can these experts fulfill an important purpose, they also can benefit professionally, academically, emotionally and socially from the endeavor. By assisting others worldwide with their skillset, Medical Physicists can end up helping themselves. Learning Objectives: Understand the need for radiotherapy in LMICs. Understand which agencies are seeking Medical Physicists for help in LMICs. Understand the potential research funding mechanisms are available to establish academic collaborations with LMIC researchers/physicians. Understand the potential social and emotional benefits for both the physicist and the LMIC partners when collaborations are made. Understand the potential for collaboration with other high-income scientists that can develop as the physicist partners with other large institutions to assist LMICs. Wil Ngwa - A recent United Nations Study reports that in developing countries more people have access to cell phones than toilets. In Africa, only 63% of the population has access to piped water, yet, 93% of Africans have cell phone service. Today, these cell phones, Skype, WhatsApp and other information and communication technologies (ICTs) connect us in unprecedented ways and are increasingly recognized as powerful, indispensable to global

  7. Risk of power in helping professions.

    OpenAIRE

    BÁRTEK, Lukáš

    2011-01-01

    This thesis addresses aspects of helping professions that could represent a certain ?risk? of using power; it especially focuses on a social work sphere. In the first part, the thesis deals with basic terms that are essential for this issue. It pays attention to power itself and its specifications and connections to the helping professions. Further, it focuses on characteristics of terms that apply to the helping professions and social work or on a formulation of aspects which represent a ris...

  8. Cults and zealous self-help movements: a psychiatric perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galanter, M

    1990-05-01

    Modern cults and zealous self-help movements exercise an intense group influence and can have a major impact on their members' psychiatric status. On the basis of research findings, the author describes the charismatic group, a generic model for such cohesive, intensely ideological movements. He examines the psychological forces they tap and the way they can both relieve and exacerbate psychopathology. The model is then used to explain the operation of zealous self-help programs that address psychiatric syndromes; these are directed at problems of the medically ill, substance abusers, and relatives of psychiatric patients.

  9. School Help for Homeless Children with Disabilities: Information for Parents. Helping You Help Your Child: Information for Parents Brief Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Parents experiencing homelessness may be struggling to enroll and keep their children in school. If they have a child with special needs, they may have even more challenges to make sure their child receives the help she needs. This brief helps parents with the following concerns and offers resources for additional assistance: (1) not knowing who…

  10. Helping You Choose Quality Behavioral Health Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helping You Choose Quality Behavioral Health Care Selecting quality behavioral health care services for yourself, a relative or friend requires special thought and attention. The Joint Commission on ...

  11. Formal home help services and institutionalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Yukari; Siersma, Volkert; Avlund, Kirsten; Vass, Mikkel

    2012-01-01

    The effect of home help services has been inconsistent. Raising the hypothesis that receiving small amounts of home help may postpone or prevent institutionalization, the aim of the present study is to analyze how light and heavy use of home help services was related to the risk for institutionalization. The study was a secondary analysis of a Danish intervention study on preventive home visits in 34 municipalities from 1999 to 2003, including 2642 home-dwelling older people who were nondisabled and did not receive public home help services at baseline in 1999 and who lived at home 18 months after baseline. Cox regression analysis showed that those who received home help services during the first 18 months after baseline were at higher risk of being institutionalized during the subsequent three years than those who did not receive such services. However, receiving home help for less than 1h per week during the first 18 months after baseline was not associated with an increased risk of institutionalization during the study period among those with physical or mental decline. Receiving public home help services was a strong indicator for institutionalization in Denmark. Receiving small amounts of home help and experiencing physical or mental decline was not associated with higher hazard for institutionalization compared with those who received no help. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Formal home help services and institutionalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yamada, Yukari; Siersma, Volkert; Avlund, Kirsten

    2012-01-01

    The effect of home help services has been inconsistent. Raising the hypothesis that receiving small amounts of home help may postpone or prevent institutionalization, the aim of the present study is to analyze how light and heavy use of home help services was related to the risk for institutional......The effect of home help services has been inconsistent. Raising the hypothesis that receiving small amounts of home help may postpone or prevent institutionalization, the aim of the present study is to analyze how light and heavy use of home help services was related to the risk...... for institutionalization. The study was a secondary analysis of a Danish intervention study on preventive home visits in 34 municipalities from 1999 to 2003, including 2642 home-dwelling older people who were nondisabled and did not receive public home help services at baseline in 1999 and who lived at home 18 months...... after baseline. Cox regression analysis showed that those who received home help services during the first 18 months after baseline were at higher risk of being institutionalized during the subsequent three years than those who did not receive such services. However, receiving home help for less than 1h...

  13. The Relational Antecedents of Interpersonal Helping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stea, Diego; Pedersen, Torben; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2017-01-01

    networks are also associated with cognitive costs, which may reduce the focal employee's ability to both recognize the need for help and engage in helping behaviours. For these reasons, the authors assert an inverted U-shaped relation between the size of an ego's social network and engagement in helping...... behaviour. However, high-quality relationships imply higher mutual understanding between the actors, and hence lower cognitive costs. In turn, the position (and threshold) of the curve between network size and interpersonal helping should be influenced by the quality of the relationship between the provider...

  14. Usage and reported helpfulness of self-help strategies by adults with sub-threshold depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Amy J; Jorm, Anthony F; Mackinnon, Andrew J

    2012-02-01

    Informal self-help has the potential to reduce the population burden from sub-threshold forms of depression. Evaluating the effectiveness of self-help is difficult in controlled trials, but can be assessed with direct ratings by consumers. Depression experts have previously rated the likely effectiveness of self-help for sub-threshold depression but it is unclear whether the strategies are helpful in practice. We report ratings of the effectiveness of self-help as used by adults with sub-threshold depression. 1326 adults with sub-threshold depression were recruited over the internet and completed questionnaires about their use of 26 self-help strategies for depression symptoms. Strategies that had been used were then assessed for their perceived helpfulness. Reported strategy helpfulness tended to be consistent with expert ratings of likely helpfulness. Exercise or physical activity was rated as most helpful while spending time alone was rated as least helpful. There was little association at the sample level between how helpful a strategy was rated and how frequently it was used. This suggests that the use of self-help is not optimal at the population level. Limitations The sample was self-selected and frequency of use of self-help was self-rated. There is room for improvement in the use of self-help through increasing the usage of strategies that are likely to be helpful and reducing the use of strategies that are unhelpful. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Quantum entanglement helps in improving economic efficiency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Du Jiangfeng; Ju Chenyong; Li Hui

    2005-01-01

    We propose an economic regulation approach based on quantum game theory for the government to reduce the abuses of oligopolistic competition. Theoretical analysis shows that this approach can help government improve the economic efficiency of the oligopolistic market, and help prevent monopoly due to incorrect information. These advantages are completely attributed to the quantum entanglement, a unique quantum mechanical character

  16. Help Your Kids Be Savvy about Sunglasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    PTA Today, 1994

    1994-01-01

    Children need to protect their eyes from the sun's harmful rays. Sunglasses with ultraviolet (UV) protection can help enhance the eye's ability to filter out damaging rays, but sunglasses without such protection may allow in more harmful rays. The article presents guidelines to help parents select safe, appropriate sunglasses for their children.…

  17. Transracial Adoptions: Helping Parents Understand White Privilege.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Jeanette R.; Davidson, Tim

    2002-01-01

    Provides help for professionals working with families completing transracial adoptions, examining how to help white parents understand white privilege and its impact on their children and their transracial families. Highlights white parents who are adopting black or biracial children, discussing the controversy over transracial adoption, adoption…

  18. Natural and Professional Help during Marital Disruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toro, Paul A.; Zax, Melvin

    Although few people bring their psychological problems to mental health professionals, research in the area of 'natural' help is rudimentary. To investigate the process and effectiveness of natural professional groups in helping individuals experiencing marital disruption, 42 helpers (14 mental health professionals, 14 divorce lawyers, and 14…

  19. High School Peer Helping: A Program Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilgariff, Lisa; Solomon, Mindy; Zanotti, Mary; Chambliss, Catherine

    Peer helpers can act as liaisons to high school guidance departments by identifying problems, making appropriate referrals, and encouraging others to obtain professional help if necessary. An active program can help ensure that in the future students are better prepared to handle conflicts that arise within marriage, career, and family. This study…

  20. Helping Elementary Teachers Understand Children and Divorce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrymak, Marilyn J.; Smart, Laura S.

    1984-01-01

    Describes a workshop designed to help elementary teachers understand the recent literature on the effects of divorce on children and help the children through the crisis. Indicates that secondary home economics teachers may have to deal with students who have not adjusted to divorce. (JOW)

  1. Helping Behavior in Executives' Global Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Stewart; Mors, Marie Louise; McDonald, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on research on helping behavior in networks at the upper echelons, we develop and test theory about helping behavior in senior executive networks. We examine the location and relational dependence of the network contact. Our results reveal that executives are more likely to perceive...... of 102 partners in a global management consultancy....

  2. Professional Help-Seeking for Adolescent Dating Violence in the Rural South: The Role of Social Support and Informal Help-Seeking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedge, Jasmine M.; Sianko, Natallia; McDonell, James R.

    2016-01-01

    Structural equation modeling with three waves of data was used to assess a mediation model investigating the relationship between perceived social support, informal help-seeking intentions, and professional help-seeking intentions in the context of adolescent dating violence. The sample included 589 adolescents from a rural, southern county who participated in a longitudinal study of teen dating violence victimization and perpetration. Results suggest that informal help-seeking intentions are an important link between perceived social support and professional help-seeking intentions. Findings highlight the importance of informal help-seeking and informal help-giving in fostering professional help-seeking for adolescent victims and perpetrators of dating violence. PMID:27580981

  3. From Harassment to Helping with Antisocial Youth: The EQUIP Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbs, John C.; Potter, Granville Bud; Goldstein, Arnold P.; Brendtro, Larry K.

    1996-01-01

    Describes a new psychoeducational treatment model for antisocial youth. Discusses the principles and methods for cultivating a positive caring culture in the schools and how the program equips youth for effective peer helping by integrating positive peer culture with training in moral development, anger management, social skills, and correcting…

  4. Digital Peers to Help Children's Text Comprehension and Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yanghee

    2013-01-01

    Affable Reading Tutor (ART) is an online reading lesson designed for children who are starting to comprehend reading. A digital, human-like character (virtual peer) in ART serves as a peer model that demonstrates the use of the reading comprehension strategy called "questioning" to help improve the learners' comprehension of expository…

  5. How Can We Help Hesitant Kindergarten Writers Become Risk Takers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterling, Lora T.; Martin, Suzanne; Lyons, Sandra

    This paper examines the ways kindergarten teachers can help improve the writing skills of their students who are hesitant to write. The paper describes a project that modified the physical classroom environment, nurtured the emotional climate, and used other strategies, such as allowing more time to write, modeling functional writing, and valuing…

  6. Anxiolytic Treatment Impairs Helping Behavior in Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Ami Bartal, Inbal; Shan, Haozhe; Molasky, Nora M. R.; Murray, Teresa M.; Williams, Jasper Z.; Decety, Jean; Mason, Peggy

    2016-01-01

    Despite decades of research with humans, the biological mechanisms that motivate an individual to help others remain poorly understood. In order to investigate the roots of pro-sociality in mammals, we established the helping behavior test, a paradigm in which rats are faced with a conspecific trapped in a restrainer that can only be opened from the outside. Over the course of repeated test sessions, rats exposed to a trapped cagemate learn to open the door to the restrainer, thereby helping the trapped rat to escape (Ben-Ami Bartal et al., 2011). The discovery of this natural behavior provides a unique opportunity to probe the motivation of rodent helping behavior, leading to a deeper understanding of biological influences on human pro-sociality. To determine if an affective response motivates door-opening, rats receiving midazolam, a benzodiazepine anxiolytic, were tested in the helping behavior test. Midazolam-treated rats showed less helping behavior than saline-treated rats or rats receiving no injection. Yet, midazolam-treated rats opened a restrainer containing chocolate, highlighting the socially specific effects of the anxiolytic. To determine if midazolam interferes with helping through a sympatholytic effect, the peripherally restricted beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist nadolol was administered; nadolol did not interfere with helping. The corticosterone response of rats exposed to a trapped cagemate was measured and compared to the rats’ subsequent helping behavior. Rats with the greatest corticosterone responses showed the least helping behavior and those with the smallest responses showed the most consistent helping at the shortest latency. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for the interaction between stress and pro-social behavior. Finally, we observed that door-opening appeared to be reinforcing. A novel analytical tool was designed to interrogate the pattern of door-opening for signs that a rat’s behavior on one

  7. Anxiolytic Treatment Impairs Helping Behavior in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Ami Bartal, Inbal; Shan, Haozhe; Molasky, Nora M R; Murray, Teresa M; Williams, Jasper Z; Decety, Jean; Mason, Peggy

    2016-01-01

    Despite decades of research with humans, the biological mechanisms that motivate an individual to help others remain poorly understood. In order to investigate the roots of pro-sociality in mammals, we established the helping behavior test, a paradigm in which rats are faced with a conspecific trapped in a restrainer that can only be opened from the outside. Over the course of repeated test sessions, rats exposed to a trapped cagemate learn to open the door to the restrainer, thereby helping the trapped rat to escape (Ben-Ami Bartal et al., 2011). The discovery of this natural behavior provides a unique opportunity to probe the motivation of rodent helping behavior, leading to a deeper understanding of biological influences on human pro-sociality. To determine if an affective response motivates door-opening, rats receiving midazolam, a benzodiazepine anxiolytic, were tested in the helping behavior test. Midazolam-treated rats showed less helping behavior than saline-treated rats or rats receiving no injection. Yet, midazolam-treated rats opened a restrainer containing chocolate, highlighting the socially specific effects of the anxiolytic. To determine if midazolam interferes with helping through a sympatholytic effect, the peripherally restricted beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist nadolol was administered; nadolol did not interfere with helping. The corticosterone response of rats exposed to a trapped cagemate was measured and compared to the rats' subsequent helping behavior. Rats with the greatest corticosterone responses showed the least helping behavior and those with the smallest responses showed the most consistent helping at the shortest latency. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for the interaction between stress and pro-social behavior. Finally, we observed that door-opening appeared to be reinforcing. A novel analytical tool was designed to interrogate the pattern of door-opening for signs that a rat's behavior on one session

  8. Helping Behavior in Executives' Global Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Stewart; Mors, Marie Louise; McDonald, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on research on helping behavior in networks at the upper echelons, we develop and test theory about helping behavior in senior executive networks. We examine the location and relational dependence of the network contact. Our results reveal that executives are more likely to perceive...... an executive’s willingness to engage in risky new business development -- an important performance indicator - and indeed find that those executives that perceive their networks to be helpful are more likely to be willing to take risky decisions. We test these arguments using primary data on 1845 relationships...

  9. Why may allopregnanolone help alleviate loneliness?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cacioppo, S; Cacioppo, J T

    2015-12-01

    Impaired biosynthesis of Allopregnanolone (ALLO), a brain endogenous neurosteroid, has been associated with numerous behavioral dysfunctions, which range from anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors to aggressive behavior and changes in responses to contextual fear conditioning in rodent models of emotional dysfunction. Recent animal research also demonstrates a critical role of ALLO in social isolation. Although there are likely aspects of perceived social isolation that are uniquely human, there is also continuity across species. Both human and animal research show that perceived social isolation (which can be defined behaviorally in animals and humans) has detrimental effects on physical health, such as increased hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) activity, decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression, and increased depressive behavior. The similarities between animal and human research suggest that perceived social isolation (loneliness) may also be associated with a reduction in the synthesis of ALLO, potentially by reducing BDNF regulation and increasing HPA activity through the hippocampus, amygdala, and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), especially during social threat processing. Accordingly, exogenous administration of ALLO (or ALLO precursor, such as pregnenolone), in humans may help alleviate loneliness. Congruent with our hypothesis, exogenous administration of ALLO (or ALLO precursors) in humans has been shown to improve various stress-related disorders that show similarities between animals and humans i.e., post-traumatic stress disorders, traumatic brain injuries. Because a growing body of evidence demonstrates the benefits of ALLO in socially isolated animals, we believe our ALLO hypothesis can be applied to loneliness in humans, as well. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Radargrammetry helps fight hunger in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanshie, Tadesse K.; Romeijn, Paul P.; Nezry, Edmond; Yakam-Simen, Francis

    2002-01-01

    This paper reports the operational implementation of radargrammetry for the production of Digital Elevation Models, or DEMs, to areas of rugged topography. The Southern Ethiopian Highlands east of lake Abaya, with elevations between ca. 900 and 4,400 meters, were mapped. Currently available topographical maps are of insufficient quality to assist a study of the area's unique land use system, which is arguably the oldest and most durably sustained land use system of the planet. Without external inputs or terracing, the land use system maintains soil fertility and staves-off hunger. It has been doing so during the past 30 years of unrest and civil war, in one of the most crowded regions of Ethiopia. However, the central role of the staple crop enset within the land use system and its production cycles has hardly been the subject of scientific study. Understanding of this system is most likely to be relevant to enhancement of health and productivity in many regions of the world. Upon the request of the Agricultural Bureau for Gedeo Zone, geocoded and georeferenced topographical maps with accuracy of 20 meters (x, y and z) were made by PRIVATEERS N.V. on the basis of RADARSAT multi-incidence (S2/S7) images. These maps are now incorporated as the basic layer within the Bureau's GIS system. Map production techniques proved to be cost effective and relevant; especially for mountainous areas with poor accessability where correct geographic information is not available. The ease of orientation proved of invaluable help to rationalize execution and planning of cost-effective environmental field work and reporting.

  11. [Effects of workers' interpersonal helping behavior enhancement program].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horita, Yuji; Otsuka, Yasumasa

    2015-01-01

    (pre, post, follow-up) and group (intervention, control) were used as the independent variables. A linear mixed model was established for ITT analyses. The post and follow-up scores of interpersonal helping behavior and coworker support were significantly higher than the pre scores in per-protocol analyses. However, the follow-up scores of coworker support were not significantly higher than the pre scores in the ITT analyses. The workers' interpersonal helping behavior enhancement program significantly improved interpersonal helping behavior and coworker support. However, the scores of supervisor support, quantitative workload, and psychological stress responses did not change significantly. The workers' interpersonal helping behavior enhancement program may enhance interpersonal helping behavior and coworker support.

  12. Helping Your Child: Tips for Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... inactive computer and video games, or listening to music on hand-held devices while sitting down. Tips ... habits or weight. Remember, you play the biggest role in your children's lives. You can help your ...

  13. Helping You Identify Quality Laboratory Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helping You Identify Quality Laboratory Services Selecting quality health care services for yourself, a relative or friend requires special thought and attention. The Joint Commission has prepared this information ...

  14. HIV and AIDS: Medicines to Help You

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Consumer Information by Audience For Women Free Publications HIV and AIDS--Medicines to Help You Share Tweet ... You take these combination drugs along with other HIV drugs.) Brand Name Other Names Combivir lamivudine and ...

  15. Sociological perspectives on self-help groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adamsen, L; Rasmussen, J M

    2001-01-01

    : The pronounced professional involvement leads us to question if it would not be time to re-conceptualize the self-help phenomenon, which on the one hand presupposes professional interaction and on the other hand introduces consultative services in connection with group processes. This indicates......AIM: The paper discusses two themes: first, professional involvement in self-help groups and secondly, sociological evidence on self-help groups in postmodern society. BACKGROUND: Self-help groups are a growing phenomenon across national borders and social/political systems. They affect...... the individual participants' activity level, strengthening of their self-perception and sense of belonging. METHODS: The methodological approach chosen is cross-sectional analysis of empirical findings, which is used for concept evaluation. Selected sociological theory is brought into the discussion of the role...

  16. Help Protect Babies from Whooping Cough

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Button Past Emails Help Protect Babies from Whooping Cough Language: English (US) Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook ... even knowing they have the disease. Understanding Whooping Cough Vaccines: DTaP and Tdap Two vaccines in the ...

  17. Memory Loss: When to Seek Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... B-12 helps maintain healthy nerve cells and red blood cells. A vitamin B-12 deficiency — common in older adults — can cause memory problems. Hypothyroidism. An underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) can ...

  18. Registries Help Moms Measure Medication Risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Registries Help Inform Medication Use in Pregnancy Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it ... or epilepsy, pregnant women must often take prescription medication. Studies show that most women take at least ...

  19. Pneumonia Can Be Prevented -- Vaccines Can Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Past Emails Pneumonia Can Be Prevented—Vaccines Can Help Language: English ( ... with pneumonia. World Pneumonia Day is November 12th. Pneumonia Affects the Young and Old Pneumonia is an ...

  20. High Blood Pressure: Medicines to Help You

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women High Blood Pressure--Medicines to Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... Click here for the Color Version (PDF 533KB) High blood pressure is a serious illness. High blood pressure is ...

  1. Beating Depression …Help Is Available

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Beating Depression …Help Is Available Past Issues / Summer 2007 Table ... treatments are available from your physician. Types of Depression Just like other illnesses, such as heart disease, ...

  2. Depression--Medicines To Help You

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women Depression--Medicines To Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... medicines for depression. Important Warnings about Medicines for Depression Children and teens who take antidepressants may be ...

  3. Smoking - Medicines to Help You Quit

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women Smoking - Medicines To Help You Quit Share Tweet Linkedin ... associated with the use of the medicine. Quit Smoking Tips Quit Smoking… for yourself and for those ...

  4. Eating Disorders - Causes, Treatment Options and Help

    OpenAIRE

    Rudolf, David

    2014-01-01

    Title of the bachelor's thesis: Eating Disorders - Causes, Treatment Options and Help Author: David Rudolf The bachelor's thesis focuses on eating disorders, especially on anorexia nervosa. It describes the causes leading to the disease, symptoms and features, risk factors as well as the dangers of diets and their consequences. It sums up standard treatments, contemporary options of specialized treatments, advisory, help and various forms of therapy. It mentions ways and possibilities of the ...

  5. Helping mothers survive bleeding after birth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nelissen, Ellen; Ersdal, Hege; Ostergaard, Doris

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate "Helping Mothers Survive Bleeding After Birth" (HMS BAB) simulation-based training in a low-resource setting. DESIGN: Educational intervention study. SETTING: Rural referral hospital in Northern Tanzania. POPULATION: Clinicians, nurse-midwives, medical attendants, and ambul......OBJECTIVE: To evaluate "Helping Mothers Survive Bleeding After Birth" (HMS BAB) simulation-based training in a low-resource setting. DESIGN: Educational intervention study. SETTING: Rural referral hospital in Northern Tanzania. POPULATION: Clinicians, nurse-midwives, medical attendants...

  6. Altruism in the wild: when affiliative motives to help positive people overtake empathic motives to help the distressed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauser, David J; Preston, Stephanie D; Stansfield, R Brent

    2014-06-01

    Psychological theories of human altruism suggest that helping results from an evolved tendency in caregiving mammals to respond to distress or need with empathy and sympathy. However, theories from biology, economics, and social psychology demonstrate that social animals also evolved to affiliate with and help desirable social partners. These models make different predictions about the affect of those we should prefer to help. Empathic models predict a preference to help sad, distressed targets in need, while social affiliative models predict a preference for happy, positive, successful targets. We compared these predictions in 3 field studies that measured the tendency to help sad, happy, and neutral confederates in a real-world, daily context: holding the door for a stranger in public. People consistently held the door more for happy over sad or neutral targets. To allow empathic motivations to compete more strongly against social affiliative ones, a 4th study examined a more consequential form of aid for hypothetical hospital patients in clear need. These conditions enhanced the preference to help a sad over a happy patient, because sadness made the patient appear sicker and in greater need. However, people still preferred the happy patient when the aid required a direct social interaction, attesting to the strength of social affiliation motives, even for sick patients. Theories of prosocial behavior should place greater emphasis on the role of social affiliation in motivating aid, particularly in everyday interpersonal contexts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  7. Asian Americans' lay beliefs about depression and professional help seeking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Y Joel; Tran, Kimberly K; Kim, Seong-Hyeon; Van Horn Kerne, Valerie; Calfa, Nicolina Ann

    2010-03-01

    Guided by a culturally informed illness representation self-regulation model (CIRSRM), this study analyzed the relations among 223 Asian Americans' lay beliefs about depression, enculturation to Asian values, and their likelihood of seeking professional help for depression. Participants' lay beliefs were assessed through an analysis of written responses to open-ended questions about depression. Enculturation as well as beliefs in biological causes, situational causes, and a short duration of depression were significantly related to the likelihood of professional help seeking. In addition, enculturation moderated the association between several lay beliefs and the endorsement of professional help seeking. The findings are discussed in light of how clinicians can incorporate mental illness lay beliefs in their work with Asian Americans. Copyright 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Help-seeking behaviours for psychological distress amongst Chinese patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Sing Sun

    Full Text Available The stepped care model for psychological distress has been promoted in recent years, leading to the enhancing roles of primary care professionals and alternative sources of help. However, most of the research findings come from Western countries. This study investigates help-seeking behaviours of Chinese patients among different types of professional and alternative sources for psychological distress in Hong Kong.A questionnaire survey was conducted with 1626 adult primary care attenders from 13 private and 6 public clinics, 650 (40.0% reported that they had ever experienced psychological distress. Their help-seeking behaviours, demographic background and current distress level (measured by GHQ-12 were analysed.Among the respondents with experience of psychological distress, 48.2% had sought help from professional and/or alternative sources for their distress [10.2% from professionals only, 12.6% from alternative sources only, and 25.4% from both]. Those who had sought help from professionals only were more likely to be less educated and with lower income. In contrast, those using alternative sources only were more likely to be younger, better educated, and have higher income. Allowing multiple responses, psychiatrists (22.3% was reported to be the most popular professional source, followed by primary care physicians (17.5%, clinical psychologists (12.8% and social workers/counsellors (12.0%. Family members/friends (28.6% was the top alternative source, followed by exercise/sports (21.8%, religious/spiritual support (16.9% and self-help websites/books/pamphlets (8.9%.While psychiatrists remain the most popular professional source of help to the Chinese patients in Hong Kong, primary care professionals and alternative sources also play significant roles. Distressed patients who are younger, better educated and have higher income are more likely to use alternative sources only. The outcomes need further research.

  9. Why Blue-Collar Blacks Help Less

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Sandra Susan; Young, Kara Alexis

    2013-01-01

    Why are blue-collar blacks less likely to help jobseekers than jobholders from other ethnoracial groups or even than more affluent blacks? Drawing from in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 97 black and Latino workers at one large, public sector employer, we find that blue-collar black workers both helped less proactively and rejected more requests for assistance than did blue-collar Latino and white-collar black workers. We attribute blue-collar blacks’ more passive engagement to their...

  10. Helping through touch: The embodiment of caring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peloquin, S M

    1989-12-01

    There is a power to touch, and a magic. Some call it mystery. The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the various meanings and uses of touch, particularly within the context of relationship and helping. There will be no attempt to formulate a protocol for touch or to lay claim to a definitive meaning for touch. Reflection about touch may instead clarify some of its meanings and dynamics while encouraging care providers to embrace the experience of helping-through-touch. This paper supports a considered use of empathie touch because of its power and its ability to embody care.

  11. Helping small farmers to improve their livestock

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dargie, J.D.

    1991-01-01

    For the past 25 years the IAEA and FAO have run a joint programme to help Member States develop, test and apply technologies which will help to improve the productivity of their livestock. At the present time, this programme involves over 40 technical co-operation projects and 160 research contracts. The IAEA Laboratories at Seibersdorf produce and distribute the kits which are used for measuring hormone levels and for diagnosing diseases. Last year (1988) over one million assay units were dispatched for use in various projects technically supported by the Joint FAO/IAEA Division. 2 refs., 8 figs

  12. Responses to Change Helping People Make Transitions

    CERN Document Server

    (CCL), Center for Creative Leadership

    2011-01-01

    The ongoing state of many organizations is one of change. People who experience major change tend to exhibit one of four patterns of response: entrenched, overwhelmed, poser, or learner. As a leader, you need to understand the patterns of response that people express and to customize intervention strategies to help them make the transition. People can pass through a given response stage and move to one that is more effective--especially if you provide timely intervention and support. This guidebook will help you understand how people, including yourself, are responding to change and what you c

  13. Can wolves help save Japan's mountain forests?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber-meyer, Shannon

    2017-01-01

    Japan’s wolves were extinct by 1905. Today Japan's mountain forests are being killed by overabundant sika deer and wild boars. Since the early 1990s, the Japan Wolf Association has proposed wolf reintroduction to Japan to restore rural ecology and to return a culturally important animal. In this article I discuss whether the return of wolves could help save Japan's mountain forests.

  14. Encouraging help speeds up product development projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.J. Sting (Fabian)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Ensuring new product development projects stay on track is challenging at the best of times. Part of the problem can lie with how project team members behave and communicate. However, a novel approach that triggers help for problems is successfully overcoming such

  15. Helping Gifted Adolescents Cope with Social Stigma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swiatek, Mary Ann

    1998-01-01

    Examines ways of helping gifted adolescents cope with a perceived stigma. Research is cited showing that many gifted adolescents believe they are treated differently because of their abilities and behave differently because of this belief, including denial of one's giftedness. The school's role, ability grouping, and special needs of gifted girls…

  16. The Effects of Anger on Helping Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterling, Bruce S.; Gaertner, Samuel L.

    Subjects were angered or not angered during a bogus experimental task following which their assistance was solicited. Consistent with derivations from Rawling's concept of Anticipatory Guilt, the results indicated that anger facilitated helping only when the lone bystander's anger was directed toward the victim of an emergency. However, anger…

  17. Erikson's Psychosocial Theories Help Explain Early Adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, M. Lee

    1988-01-01

    Middle school educators can design a learning environment for early adolescents based on Erik Erikson's social development theories, which divide human life into eight psychological stages. The identity versus role confusion stage characterizing adolescence will significantly determine the developing person's future. Schools can help learners…

  18. CERN helps Grid cmputing into the mainstream

    CERN Multimedia

    Moran, Nuala

    2006-01-01

    CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, has launched the seocnd phase of Openlab, its partnership with IT companies for the development of advanced computing facilities. The industrial partners in this phase, Hewlett Packard, Intel and Oracle, will help build on the experience from the last three years when Openlab worked on cluster and Grid computing (1 page)

  19. Helping Homeless People: Unique Challenges and Solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Clemmie, Ed.; Jackson-Jobe, Peggy, Ed.

    This publication is designed to provide a practical guide for gaining a detailed awareness and understanding of homelessness. After a foreword by Jesse Jackson, these chapters are included: (1) Introduction: Assessing the Unique Needs of Homeless People (Clemmie Solomon), which discusses the need for helping professionals to commit to addressing…

  20. Text Maps: Helping Students Navigate Informational Texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, Brenda H.

    2003-01-01

    Notes that a text map is an instructional approach designed to help students gain fluency in reading content area materials. Discusses how the goal is to teach students about the important features of the material and how the maps can be used to build new understandings. Presents the procedures for preparing and using a text map. (SG)

  1. Improved Technologies Help Rebuild Community in Mozambique ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Improved Technologies Help Rebuild Community in Mozambique. Isobel Soares. Abstract. (African Environment: 3-4 (39-40): 182-184). AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact ...

  2. Social Exchange in the Natural Helping Interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendall, Karen S.; Kenkel, Mary Beth

    1989-01-01

    Examines rewards and costs to "natural helpers," service-providers separate from any established group. Survey of 19 rural helpers identifies lack of appreciation, time and energy loss, and emotional-spiritual fatigue as costs of helping. Suggests mental health professionals collaborate with helpers. Recommends ways of enlisting helpers'…

  3. Cultural Intentionality: The Core of Effective Helping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivey, Allen E.

    1987-01-01

    Responds to Lloyd by cautioning counselors regarding the centrality of multicultural awareness in counseling curricula. Maintains the primacy of culture cannot be denied as the first dimension in our thinking as professional helpers. Cultural intentionality is proposed as a metagoal of the helping process--the integration of cultural awareness…

  4. Helping Children Develop Resiliency: Providing Supportive Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kersey, Katharine C.; Malley, Catherine Robertson

    2005-01-01

    Helping children develop resiliency begins with positive, meaningful connections between teachers and students. This article defines the importance of encouraging children to develop characteristics related to resiliency including confidence in their ability to bounce back from setbacks, overcome challenges and frustrations. Furthermore, critical…

  5. Using Motivational Interviewing to Help Your Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheldon, Lisa A.

    2010-01-01

    Motivational interviewing, which began as a counseling technique in addiction recovery, is a client-centered tool for making changes, increasing helpful behaviors and decreasing unhelpful behaviors. It relies on an individual's intrinsic motivation and interest in change, using a non-confrontational approach to frame goals in a practical,…

  6. How Computer Games Help Children Learn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaffer, David Williamson

    2008-01-01

    This book looks at how particular video and computer games--such as "Digital Zoo", "The Pandora Project", "SodaConstructor", and more--can help teach children and students to think like doctors, lawyers, engineers, urban planners, journalists, and other professionals. In the process, new "smart games" will give them the knowledge and skills they…

  7. Helping Young Children See Math in Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parks, Amy Noelle; Blom, Diana Chang

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide strategies for recognizing meaningful mathematics in common play contexts in early childhood classrooms and to offer suggestions for how teachers might intervene in these moments to help children attend to the mathematical ideas embedded in their play. In particular, the author's focus on the concepts of…

  8. Helping Students Reflect: Lessons from Cognitive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poole, Gary; Jones, Lydia; Whitfield, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The challenges of teaching students to reflect on experience and, thus, learn from it, are better understood with the application of constructs from cognitive psychology. The present paper focuses on two such constructs--self-schemas and scripts--to help educators better understand both the threats and opportunities associated with effective…

  9. Love and her place in helping professions

    OpenAIRE

    MARTYNKOVÁ, Ester

    2011-01-01

    - Basic concepts: charity, helping professions, client, social worker, social work - describe "love if", "love it" and "I love you and love dot". Their advantages and disadvantages compared. - explanation of the meaning of unconditional love - types and application of unconditional love in the work of social worker - implementation (adoption process) - the answer to the question we need to change?

  10. Incest Victims: Inadequate Help by Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frenken, Jos; Van Stolk, Bram

    1990-01-01

    Interviews with 130 Dutch professionals helping incest victims and 50 adult women who were incest victims as children found that assistance was hampered by institutional distrust, inability of professionals to stop ongoing incest, frequent breaking off of contact by the young girls, professionals' shortcomings in knowledge and skills, and…

  11. Changing Attitudes toward Seeking Professional Help.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrisler, Joan C.

    Despite the increasing acceptance of the value of psychotherapy, there are still those who think people should solve their own problems. A study was conducted to investigate the attitudes of college students toward seeking professional help before and after taking a course in abnormal psychology to determine whether exposure to the purposes and…

  12. Tips for Helping a Person With Diabetes

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2007-10-04

    This podcast gives suggestions for helping a person with diabetes manage the disease.  Created: 10/4/2007 by National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP), a joint program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health.   Date Released: 11/6/2007.

  13. Helping students overcome mathematics anxiety | Awanta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The main thesis of this article is that relationship between anxiety and the learning of mathematics is complex. Anxiety as a form of arousal, of alertness, of paying attention can be helpful in learning. But too much anxiety, especially when combined with real or perceived lack of ability or complicated by distractions, can ...

  14. Family involvement and helping behaviour in teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brummelhuis, L.L. ten; Lippe, T. van der; Kluwer, E.S.

    2010-01-01

    Helping behavior at work has become increasingly important, with organizations making more and more use of cooperative work practices. The difficulty is that employees are facing growing demands beyond the workplace. This study investigates the mechanisms by which family involvement (family

  15. Helping Your Child through a Divorce

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of whether such troubles are related to the divorce, they are serious problems that affect a teen's well-being and indicate the need for outside ... 2015 More on this topic for: Parents Kids ... for a Move How Can I Help My Child Deal With My Dating After Divorce? Kids Talk About Marriage & Divorce How Can I ...

  16. Helping African cities prepare for climate change

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Climate Change Adaptation in Africa Program 2010–11 Annual Report. Stories from the field. Helping African cities prepare for climate change. According to United Nations figures, 40% of Africa's one billion people currently live in urban areas; 60% of this group live in slums without adequate water supply and sanitation.

  17. Ecology: cool science, but does it help?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lenteren, van J.C.

    2010-01-01

    Ecologists believed that they had excellent solutions in helping biological control evolve from art to science during the past 50 years. Regularly, these solutions failed to have a positive impact on biological control and in a number of cases even hampered progress. Are pure scientists arrogant,

  18. How Do Artifact Models Help Direct SPI Projects?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhrmann, Marco; Richardson, Ita

    2015-01-01

    To overcome shortcomings associated with software process improvement (SPI), we previously recommended that process engineers focus on the artifacts to be developed in SPI projects. These artifacts should define desired outcomes, rather than specific methods. During this prior research, we...

  19. Scientific Models Help Students Understand the Water Cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Cory; Vo, Tina; Zangori, Laura; Schwarz, Christina

    2015-01-01

    The water cycle is a large, complex system that encompasses ideas across the K-12 science curriculum. By the time students leave fifth grade, they should understand "that a system is a group of related parts that make up a whole and can carry out functions its individual parts cannot" and be able to describe both components and processes…

  20. Helping AI to Play Hearthstone: AAIA'17 Data Mining Challenge

    OpenAIRE

    Janusz, Andrzej; Świechowski, Maciej; Tajmajer, Tomasz

    2017-01-01

    This paper summarizes the AAIA'17 Data Mining Challenge: Helping AI to Play Hearthstone which was held between March 23, and May 15, 2017 at the Knowledge Pit platform. We briefly describe the scope and background of this competition in the context of a more general project related to the development of an AI engine for video games, called Grail. We also discuss the outcomes of this challenge and demonstrate how predictive models for the assessment of player's winning chances can be utilized ...

  1. Can Biogeochemists Help To Enhance Urban Resilience?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, L. A.

    2012-12-01

    systems. Better biogeochemical knowledge of urban nutrient flows - and perhaps development of mitigation strategies, such as wetland treatment systems- could help prevent degradation of urban aquifers or restore them, increasing resilience of cities to drought. Third, we know little about how extreme climatic fluctuations alter biogeochemical cycles and how these alterations might affect resilience of cities. The current drought, for example, has had profound effects on lake ecosystems in the Twin Cities. Some of these effects may be semi-permanent, such as "switching" of shallow lakes from macrophyte dominated to algae dominated systems with substantial reduction in human utilization. Finally, simply acquiring biogeochemical knowledge is not sufficient to develop urban resilience. This knowledge needs to be translated into meaningful measurements (to provide feedback) and appropriate responses. Urban biogeochemists need to be involved in translational activities, but cannot do this on an ad hoc basis. Instead, universities need to develop new models to support translational research for urban ecosystems.

  2. Helping Babies Breathe implementation in Zanzibar, Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Gina Marie; Ame, Ame Masemo; Khatib, Maimuna Mohamed; Rende, Elizabeth K; Hartman, Ann Michelle; Blood-Siegfried, Jane

    2017-08-01

    To assess the efficacy and feasibility of implementing Helping Babies Breathe, a neonatal resuscitation programme for resource-limited environments. This quality improvement project focused on training midwives on Helping Babies Breathe to address high rates of neonatal mortality secondary to birth asphyxia. The convenience sample was 33 midwives in Zanzibar, Tanzania. The train-the-trainer strategy with repeated measures design was used to assess knowledge and skills at 3 time points. Observations were completed during "real-time" deliveries, and a focused interview generated feedback regarding satisfaction and sustainability. Knowledge scores and resuscitation skills significantly improved and were sustained, P < .05. Of the 62 birth observations, 19% needed intervention. All were appropriately resuscitated and survived. Results indicate that participants retained knowledge and skills and used them in clinical practice. Observations demonstrated that participants took appropriate actions when presented with a baby who was not breathing. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  3. Helping mothers survive bleeding after birth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nelissen, Ellen; Ersdal, Hege; Ostergaard, Doris

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate "Helping Mothers Survive Bleeding After Birth" (HMS BAB) simulation-based training in a low-resource setting. DESIGN: Educational intervention study. SETTING: Rural referral hospital in Northern Tanzania. POPULATION: Clinicians, nurse-midwives, medical attendants, and ambul......OBJECTIVE: To evaluate "Helping Mothers Survive Bleeding After Birth" (HMS BAB) simulation-based training in a low-resource setting. DESIGN: Educational intervention study. SETTING: Rural referral hospital in Northern Tanzania. POPULATION: Clinicians, nurse-midwives, medical attendants...... low (3% pass rate for basic delivery and management of postpartum hemorrhage). CONCLUSIONS: The HMS BAB simulation-based training has potential to contribute to education of health care providers. We recommend a full day of training and validation of the facilitators to improve the training....

  4. ATLAS helps shed light on the retina

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Technology developed for high-energy physics has led to the discovery of a retinal cell that eluded biologists for 40 years. The 512 electrode array, inspired by silicon microstrip detector technology in ATLAS, records the electrical activity of retinal neurones.ATLAS expertise have crossed over to biology enabling the discovery of a retinal cell type that may help humans see motion. The research, carried out by ATLAS collaborators at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and by neurobiologists at the Salk Institute in La Jolla, California, appeared in the 10 October issue of the Journal of Neuroscience and may help open biologists’ eyes to the uses of techniques developed in high-energy physics. At least 22 different types of primate retinal output cell are known from anatomical studies, but the functions of only a handful of these have been determined. The cells discovered have been ca...

  5. HELPING STUDENTS UNDERSTAND THE TEXT THROUGH SCAFFOLDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Sapta Nugraha

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study reported the practice of helping adult students to comprehend the texts in Indonesian Civil Aviation Institute majoring at Air traffic controller programme, Curug - Tangerang. The article demonstrated of how teacher helped them to comprehend the text during 100 minutes reading class in three meetings. It was employed as their input session to acquire context, knowledge and specific vocabulary in aviation or what so called as phraseology. Students were asked to construct some questions dealing with the text both literal and inferential comprehension suggested by Barrett (in Eanes 1997. The result showed that students attained three main bonuses; they get used to build questions that impact to their grammatical awareness, they get used to communicate orally, and they are successful to comprehend the text thoroughly by acquiring new knowledge, vocabulary as well as context. Keywords: reading comprehension, text, scaffolding

  6. Emotions and Actions Associated with Altruistic Helping and Punishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Tonsi Eldakar

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Evolutionary altruism (defined in terms of fitness effects exists in the context of punishment in addition to helping. We examine the proximate psychological mechanisms that motivate altruistic helping and punishment, including the effects of genetic relatedness, potential for future interactions, and individual differences in propensity to help and punish. A cheater who is a genetic relative provokes a stronger emotional reaction than a cheater who is a stranger, but the behavioral response is modulated to avoid making the transgression public in the case of cheating relatives. Numerous behavioral differences are not accompanied by emotional differences, suggesting that other psychological mechanisms dictate the specific response to emotion-provoking events. Paradoxically, there is a positive correlation between temptation to cheat and propensity to punish others for cheating, leading to a concept of “selfish punishment” that has been substantiated by a computer simulation model. This study demonstrates that fictional scenarios can provide an important methodological tool for studying the psychological basis of helping and punishment.

  7. Young tertiary students and help-seeking for health advice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batten, Lesley; Dutton, Jane

    2011-11-01

    Help-seeking is an active process used by people of all ages to obtain assistance to solve problems. This research sought to investigate a component of help-seeking related to health concerns. A health related help-seeking model, was adapted to frame questions for an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire. Seventy-five students aged between 16 and 24 years responded and data were analysed using content and descriptive statistical techniques. Findings indicated that young people perceived the need to seek advice when unwell, needing support or information, are resourceful, and were motivated to seek help from a variety of sources. Parents and whānau formed one usual source of advice, but young people reported one of the best sources of advice as General Practice nurses and doctors. Barriers to seeking advice included distrusting sources, and concerns about confidentiality. Unsurprisingly, many respondents used the Internet for health information, although some mistrusted that information. Nurses need to be aware of the sources of health advice and support that young people choose to use. Motivations for selecting services, providers, or sources clearly replicated what young people hold as important--sources with which they feel comfortable, have a relationship, trust, and which they perceived as maintaining confidentiality.

  8. Sunk costs, psychological symptomology, and help seeking

    OpenAIRE

    Jarmolowicz, David P.; Bickel, Warren K.; Sofis, Michael J.; Hatz, Laura E.; Mueller, E. Terry

    2016-01-01

    Individuals often allow prior investments of time, money or effort to influence their current behavior. A tendency to allow previous investments to impact further investment, referred to as the sunk-cost fallacy, may be related to adverse psychological health. Unfortunately, little is known about the relation between the sunk-cost fallacy and psychological symptoms or help seeking. The current study used a relatively novel approach (i.e., Amazon.com?s Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing [AMT] servi...

  9. ASIST training helping to tackle suicide

    OpenAIRE

    Public Health Agency

    2014-01-01

    Work to help communities prevent suicide has taken a further step forward with over 50 ASIST Trainers from across Northern Ireland completing the new ASIST 11 upgrader trainer course.The Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training (ASIST) enables people in a position of trust to recognise risk and learn how to intervene to prevent the immediate risk of suicide.The Public Health Agency (PHA) funded the upgrading training as part of their ongoing commitment to supporting quality training for a...

  10. Help Central: Creating a Help Desk and Knowledge Portal in SharePoint

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ennis, Lisa A.; Tims, Randy S.

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the authors' implementation of Help Central, a site within the Lister Hill Library Collection on the University of Alabama-Birmingham's SharePoint server. Initially, Help Central was designed to address the inadequacies in the library's old, static HTML web-based support system, including haphazard issue reporting by staff…

  11. Natural and professional help: a process analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tracey, T J; Toro, P A

    1989-08-01

    Differences in the helping interactions formed by mental health professionals, divorce lawyers, and mutual help group leaders were examined. Fourteen members of each of these three helper groups (N = 42) met independently with a coached client presenting marital difficulties. Using ratings of ability to ameliorate the personal and emotional problems presented, the 42 helpers were divided (using a median split) into successful and less successful outcome groups. The responses of each of the pairs were coded using the Hill Counselor Verbal Response Category System. The sequence of client-helper responses were examined using log-linear analysis as they varied by type of helper and outcome. Results indicated that successful helpers (regardless of type of helper) tended to use directives (e.g., guidance and approval-reassurance) differently from less successful helpers. Successful helpers used directives following client emotional expression and not following factual description. In addition, clear differences in helper responses by helper type and outcome were found. Each helper type had unique patterns of responses that differentiated successful from less successful outcomes. Client responses were found to vary across helper type even when given the same helper preceding response. Results are discussed with respect to the unique goals of each helping relationship and the different shaping process involved in each.

  12. Wisdom in Medicine: What Helps Physicians After a Medical Error?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plews-Ogan, Margaret; May, Natalie; Owens, Justine; Ardelt, Monika; Shapiro, Jo; Bell, Sigall K

    2016-02-01

    Confronting medical error openly is critical to organizational learning, but less is known about what helps individual clinicians learn and adapt positively after making a harmful mistake. Understanding what factors help doctors gain wisdom can inform educational and peer support programs, and may facilitate the development of specific tools to assist doctors after harmful errors occur. Using "posttraumatic growth" as a model, the authors conducted semistructured interviews (2009-2011) with 61 physicians who had made a serious medical error. Interviews were recorded, professionally transcribed, and coded by two study team members (kappa 0.8) using principles of grounded theory and NVivo software. Coders also scored interviewees as wisdom exemplars or nonexemplars based on Ardelt's three-dimensional wisdom model. Of the 61 physicians interviewed, 33 (54%) were male, and on average, eight years had elapsed since the error. Wisdom exemplars were more likely to report disclosing the error to the patient/family (69%) than nonexemplars (38%); P medical error highlights specific ways to help clinicians move through this difficult experience so that they avoid devastating professional outcomes and have the best chance of not just recovery but positive growth.

  13. Help-seeking trajectory in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelaez, Ingris; Infante, Claudia; Quintana, Rosana

    2015-03-01

    Early diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) depends on the degree of fit between the characteristics of the patients and those of the health services. Ensuring timely assessment and treatment is the ideal medical care of RA. The reasons that underlay delays and the help-seeking trajectories are contextually determined. This study aims to identify the empirical evidence related to the help-seeking process and delay in RA in Latin America and to create a comprehensive model integrating the RA medical care processes of help-seeking and delay in a mixed health care system with variable accessibility. Non-systematic literature review of studies with both quantitative and qualitative methodology was conducted. Most of the research about delay and its associated variables have been undertaken in European countries and with White population and cannot be translated to the Latin America context where this research is almost inexistent. These countries have a completely different social context, and for most of the population, the health services are insufficient, inaccessible, fragmented, limited, and inequitable. Our results also show that in RA medical care utilization research, the theories and measurements of the constructs of illness trajectories, help-seeking, and accessibility are not integrated. We offer a conceptual framework that integrates help-seeking trajectories, delay, and accessibility of RA medical health services. If research on RA service utilization is to be undertaken in these countries, there is a need for a comprehensive framework than can enable researchers to integrate and contextualize the study of the problems within broad theoretical and methodological perspectives.

  14. Help-seeking behavior during elevated temperature in Chinese population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Emily Ying Yang; Goggins, William B; Kim, Jacqueline Jakyoung; Griffiths, Sian; Ma, Timothy K W

    2011-08-01

    The negative impact of extreme temperatures on health is well-established. Individual help-seeking behavior, however, may mitigate the extent of morbidity and mortality during elevated temperatures. This study examines individual help-seeking behavior during periods of elevated temperatures among a Chinese population. Help-seeking patterns and factors that influence behavior will be identified so that vulnerable subgroups may be targeted for health protection during heat crises. A retrospective time-series Poisson generalized additive model analysis, using meteorological data of Hong Kong Observatory and routine emergency help call data from The Hong Kong Senior Citizen Home Safety Association during warm seasons (June-September) 1998-2007, was conducted. A "U"-shaped association was found between daily emergency calls and daily temperature. About 49% of calls were for explicit health-related reasons including dizziness, shortness of breath, and general pain. The associate with maximum temperature was statistically significant (p = 0.034) with the threshold temperature at which the frequency of health-related calls started to increase being around 30-32°C. Mean daily relative humidity (RH) also had a significant U-shaped association with daily emergency health-related calls with call frequency beginning to increase with RH greater than 70-74% (10-25% of the RH distribution). Call frequency among females appeared to be more sensitive to high temperatures, with a threshold between 28.5°C and 30.5°C while calls among males were more sensitive to cold temperatures (threshold 31.5-33.5°C). Results indicate differences in community help-seeking behavior at elevated temperatures. Potential programs or community outreach services might be developed to protect vulnerable subgroups from the adverse impact of elevated temperatures.

  15. K-Based Help desk System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mohamad Safuan Sulaiman; Abdul Muin Abdul Rahman; Norzalina Nasirudin; Khairiel Adyani Abdul Ghani

    2011-01-01

    K-based Help desk system is a knowledge oriented web based system that provides support to technical service providers in order to improve delivery of their services. It is a multi-centric system which focuses not only on end-users but the various levels of technical support services as well as the management through the utilization of knowledge which resides and grows within the system. Though providing user friendly system and capturing technical knowledge to improve efficiencies are the main objectives of this system, educating users with technical information through the knowledge utilization system are the spin-off target from this implementation. This is achieved by preventing the service providers from handling repetitive complaints which may have similarity in nature. Once a complaint has been resolved, the system captures the solution as an item in the knowledge database. The captured knowledge will then enable service requesters or users to get some ideas regarding their complaints from information or knowledge of other similar complaints besides providing relevant knowledge to the service provider such as the techniques used in solving problems and the performance among the technical support staffs. As for the management, this system helps in the decision making process in which the statistics features provide some knowledge on the number of equipment that frequently and consistently failed. This then leads to some understanding of the equipment that may create lost to the organization in terms of time and money. This system has been tested and implemented in IT Center (IT) and Engineering Division (BKJ) and is at the initial process of implementation in the Instrumentation and Automation Center (IAC) at Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia). The system has helped in achieving a higher level of user satisfaction and a faster growth in technical knowledge repository that will serve as the institutional memory of Nuclear Malaysia and this will be

  16. The Tools That Help Systems Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamertsfelder, Jacob O.

    2017-01-01

    There are many tools that systems engineers use in today's space programs. In my time in the Commercial Crew Program I sought to improve one of the vital tools for the verification and validation team. This was my main project but only a small part of what I have done in the department. I have also had the chance to learn from the best and see actual hardware, this real world experience will help me be a better aerospace engineer when I enter the workforce. I look forward to seeing the Commercial Crew Program progress to launch.

  17. Mythbusting Medical Writing: Goodbye, Ghosts! Hello, Help!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Cindy W; Gertel, Art; Jacobs, Adam; Marchington, Jackie; Weaver, Shelley; Woolley, Karen

    To meet ethical and scientific obligations, authors should submit timely, high-quality manuscripts. Authors, however, can encounter ethical (e.g., authorship designation) and practical (e.g., time and resource limitations) challenges during manuscript preparation. Could professional medical writers-not ghostwriters-help authors address these challenges? This essay summarizes evidence countering three myths that may have hindered authors from considering the use of professional medical writers. Authors with sufficient time, writing expertise, and reporting guideline knowledge may meet their obligations without writing assistance. Unfortunately, not all authors are in this position. Decisions about writing support should be based on evidence, not myths.

  18. How to help the patient motivate himself?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimaldi, A

    2012-03-01

    In order to help a patient with a chronic disease motivate himself, caregivers spontaneously make use of reason with a view to having the patient share the caregivers' point of view, in other words, to some extent, transforming the care recipient into a caregiver. However, it is not unusual for a caregiver suffering from the disease in which he specializes not to treat himself in compliance with the rules he recommends to his patients. Man is a trinity with three instances of the self. In addition to the "rational self" that tends towards the universal, there is also an "animal self" subject to powerful, frequently imperious, primary needs which may be compared to impulsions, compulsions and addictions. Lastly, there is an "identity self", an irreducible singularity, governed by the law of optimizing pleasure or, in any event, avoiding moral distress. The patient has to learn to navigate between objectives oriented by reason, more or less imperious urges and the striving for well-being and avoidance of moral distress. These various instances of the "self" have a distinct relationship with the norm and with time. Psychologists recognize two types of motivation: intrinsic motivation, an activity implemented for itself, and extrinsic motivation, an activity practiced for its secondary beneficial effects. Clearly, caring for oneself derives from an extrinsic motivation. This motivation may be very powerful but is frequently of limited duration. Helping a patient suffering from a chronic disease motivate himself over time thus consists in helping the patient take on board an extrinsic motivation in order for the treatment to become a routine or a source of satisfaction or even pleasure. The physician has to promote the acquisition of self-care skills and a feeling of success in the patient. The physician is also to help the patient negotiate the optimum compromise between his "rational self" and his "identity self" by acting as the advocate of the two parties, while not

  19. Helping Nevada School Children Become Sun Smart

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-11-28

    This podcast features Christine Thompson, Community Programs Manager at the Nevada Cancer Coalition, and author of a recent study detailing a school-based program to help Nevada school children establish healthy sun safety habits and decrease UV exposure. Christine answers questions about her research and what impact her what impact the program had on children’s skin health.  Created: 11/28/2017 by Preventing Chronic Disease (PCD), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 11/28/2017.

  20. Helping relationships for smoking cessation: grounded theory development of the process of finding help to quit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, J Susan; Owen, Donna C

    2014-01-01

    Some cigarette smokers report supportive people from their social network are helpful when they attempt to quit smoking. This qualitative study set out to explain the process of quitting smoking cigarettes, with specific attention to the question of whether the help of another person was important. Grounded theory was used. Participants were volunteers who responded to a flier posted on a health sciences center campus. Purposeful sampling was used as data were analyzed. Transcripts of interviews conducted with 16 participants of diverse demographic backgrounds were analyzed. Interpretive analysis of coded transcripts revealed three major guiding constructs supporting the process of finding a helper to quit smoking: (a) seeking out helper qualities, (b) building a helping relationship, and (c) constructing the environment. The use of a helping relationship for smoking cessation was important for smokers in the study to successfully quit. A very salient quality, constructing the environment, emerged as one of the most important aspects of the process of quitting smoking.

  1. Helping brain injured children and their families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, S J

    1998-01-01

    For many brain injured children, whether the injury is congenital or the result of subsequent illness or accident, there is little to be done to put right the underlying problem. Treatment programmes, however, can encourage better motor and cognitive function and better nutrition. NHS continuing care for brain injured children is under-resourced, often amounting to only half an hour of physiotherapy fortnightly or even monthly. The British Institute for Brain Injured Children (BIBIC) is a registered charity which exists to help families with a brain injured child to learn to apply simple, practical, inexpensive treatment programmes themselves, in their own homes. Initial assessments and training take place at the BIBIC Centre in Somerset. Families are asked to contribute towards costs if they are in a position to, but treatment does not depend on ability to pay. Treatment sessions often last about 30 minutes and families may be advised to carry out two or more sessions every day. Telephone help and continuing support is available from BIBIC, and families are encouraged to retain contact with their GP and hospital consultants, and local services.

  2. Sunk costs, psychological symptomology, and help seeking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarmolowicz, David P; Bickel, Warren K; Sofis, Michael J; Hatz, Laura E; Mueller, E Terry

    2016-01-01

    Individuals often allow prior investments of time, money or effort to influence their current behavior. A tendency to allow previous investments to impact further investment, referred to as the sunk-cost fallacy, may be related to adverse psychological health. Unfortunately, little is known about the relation between the sunk-cost fallacy and psychological symptoms or help seeking. The current study used a relatively novel approach (i.e., Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing [AMT] service) to examine various aspects of psychological health in internet users (n = 1053) that did and did not commit the sunk-cost fallacy. In this observational study, individuals logged on to AMT, selected the "decision making survey" amongst the array of currently available tasks, and completed the approximately 200-question survey (which included a two-trial sunk cost task, the brief symptom inventory 18, the Binge Eating Scale, portions of the SF-8 health survey, and other questions about treatment utilization). Individuals that committed the fallacy reported a greater number of symptoms related to Binge Eating Disorder and Depression, being bothered more by emotional problems, yet waited longer to seek assistance when feeling ill. The current findings are discussed in relation to promoting help-seeking behavior amongst individuals that commit this logical fallacy.

  3. Insomnia patients' help-seeking experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Janet M Y; Bartlett, Delwyn J; Armour, Carol L; Glozier, Nicholas; Saini, Bandana

    2014-03-04

    Timely access to appropriate treatment is important for optimizing insomnia management. To date, little is known about insomnia patients' treatment experiences or how they access and engage with the available health care resources. This study sought to capture the help-seeking experiences and behavioral patterns of patients with insomnia who are seeking or receiving specialist care. A purposive sample of 26 insomnia patients from specialist sleep and mental health clinics located in metropolitan New South Wales, Australia was recruited. Participants completed a brief questionnaire, followed by an in-depth, semi-structured interview. Interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using framework analysis. Three key themes emerged from the data: patients' sleep beliefs, treatment beliefs, and accessing specialized care. The findings show that daytime symptoms arising from insomnia serve as important illness cues for patients to seek medical help. In addition, participants' treatment pathways highlight factors that prevent the widespread use of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), including limited awareness about CBT-I, tentative referral mechanisms, limited service providers, and the high cost of CBT-I.

  4. Helping CERN give back to society

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    The CERN & Society mission: ‘To spread the CERN spirit of scientific curiosity for the inspiration and benefit of society.’   Digital library schools in Africa, Arts@CERN, a beam line for schools competition and perhaps soon a dedicated biomedical research facility: CERN infrastructure and expertise have a great influence on society, and we have the potential to do much more. For that, however, we need help, and that’s why we have launched the CERN & Society initiative, which this week sees the publication of a new website for those who want to understand more about how our research touches everyday life, as well as for those who wish to help CERN in this new endeavour. Fundamental research fulfils a very human need. The quest to understand the universe we live in is as old as humanity itself, and CERN is in the vanguard of that effort today. For our scientists and engineers, pushing technology to the limit is part of their day job, and in doing so they ...

  5. Self-help friendliness: A German approach for strengthening the cooperation between self-help groups and health care professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kofahl, Christopher; Trojan, Alf; Knesebeck, Olaf von dem; Nickel, Stefan

    2014-12-01

    Public and patient involvement in social and health care has proceeded in many civil societies. Depending on the legislations on national and community levels, citizens and patients have a greater say in shaping social and health care. In Germany, the patient involvement by self-help organizations at the macro level (national level and level of federal states) has significantly developed over the last ten years. At the meso level, however, the patient involvement is neither such far nor such systematically developed. The concept of self-help friendliness (SHF) in health care is a patient centred model that allows the development and implementation of patient participation in different health care institutions: hospitals, ambulatory medical care, public health institutions, rehabilitation facilities etc. In a series of projects on SHF we have (1) analysed the needs and wishes of self-help groups for cooperation with health care professionals as well as their experience, (2) gathered facilitators and barriers concerning the cooperation between self-help groups and hospitals, (3) developed a framework concept for SHF in hospitals including eight quality criteria for measuring SHF, and (4) implemented the framework of SHF in about 40 health care institutions (www.selbsthilfefreundlichkeit.de). Further projects followed: development of an instrument for measuring SHF in hospitals, integration of SHF-criteria in quality management systems in inpatient care as well as in out-patient care, and transferring SHF to a) medical ambulatory care, b) public health departments, and c) rehabilitation facilities. Considering advantages and shortcomings of the approach, we can summarize that implementing SHF is feasible, transferable and a helpful measure for promoting patient centeredness in health care. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Communication disability in Fiji: Community self-help and help-seeking support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopf, Suzanne C; McLeod, Sharynne; McDonagh, Sarah H; Wang, Cen; Rakanace, Epenisa N

    2017-07-07

    To understand how a Fijian community supports people with communication disability (PWCD) and whether their support is associated with participant demographics. Thematic analysis of 144 questionnaires that asked about participants' actions to support a fictional child and adult with communication disability. Participant responses fell into two categories: what they would do directly (self-help) and people and places where they would seek assistance (help-seeking). Self-help behaviours included: making a change to their own communication style or mode; trying to change their own and others' behaviour; teaching new skills; praying; changing the physical environment; seeking information independently; assessing or observing; and, using traditional medicine, western medicine, or traditional belief practices. Help-seeking behaviours included seeking help from: other community members; education professionals; a professional in another country; spiritual leaders; traditional belief practitioners; traditional medicine practitioners; western health care practitioners; or, an alternative provider (e.g. home, orphanage, nursing home). Younger participants and those of iTaukei Fijian ethnicity were more likely to seek help from other community members. This Fijian community actively supports people with communication disability within available networks. Development of speech-language pathology services for people with communication disability living in similar communities should harness the informal knowledge within these networks.

  7. Helping agencies improve their planning analysis techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    This report summarizes the results of a peer review of the AZTDM. The peer review was : supported by the Travel Model Improvement Program (TMIP), which is sponsored by FHWA. : The peer review of a travel model can serve multiple purposes, including i...

  8. Saildrone fleet could help replace aging buoys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voosen, Paul

    2018-03-01

    In April, two semiautonomous drones, developed by Saildrone, a marine tech startup based in Alameda, California, in close collaboration with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Washington, D.C., are set to return from an 8-month tour of the Pacific Ocean. This the first scientific test for the drones, which are powered only by the wind and sun, in the Pacific Ocean. The voyage is an important step in showing that such drones, carrying 15 different sensors, could help replace an aging and expensive array of buoys that are the main way scientists sniff out signs of climate-disrupting El Niño events. If successful, scientists envision fleets of similar drones spreading across the ocean, inviting thoughts of what it could be like to do oceanography without a ship.

  9. Getting mobile with a walking-help

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krummheuer, Antonia Lina; Raudaskoski, Pirkko Liisa

    in Symbolic Interaction 33: 443-457. Latour, B. (2005).Reassembeling the social. An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. Oxford University Press. Ryave, A. L. and J. N. Schenkein. (1974). Not es on the Art of Walking. In Turner, R. (ed.) Ethnomethodology. Selected Readings. Middlesex: Penguin, 265......Ethnomethodology has been one of the few fields were mundane experiences and social ordering such as walking have been a focus of interest (e.g. Ryave and Schenkein 1974). In the present paper we want to discuss how this mundane practice sometimes needs to be achieved through the help of technology...... of the technology (e.g. Gaver 1996), the bodily affordances (e.g. Sheller 2011) of the user and, furthermore, the scaffolding by an accompanying helper. The paper will discuss how movement as an enabled experience can be analysed as an entanglement of these three aspects. To do that, the situations of walk...

  10. Parenting from prison: helping children and mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, P J; Harm, N J

    2000-01-01

    Incarceration of a mother disrupts the mother-child relationship and the child's emotional development. The researchers evaluated a 15-week parenting program in a women's prison that was designed to enhance mother-child interactions during imprisonment. Pre- and postmeasures for the 104 women were Hudson's (1982) Index of Self-Esteem, Bavolek's (1984) Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory, and semistructured questionnaires. Self-esteem and attitudes about expectations of children, corporal punishment, and family roles improved significantly. Empathy and mother-child interactions through visits and letters improved. Participants identified the most helpful components of the program. Those who had been physically, sexually, and emotionally abused and those who had used drugs and alcohol had positive results. Findings support the value of parent education for self-development of incarcerated mothers and for the welfare of their children.

  11. Managing Data in Help4Mood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria K. Wolters

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Help4Mood is a system that supports the treatment of people with depression in the community. It collects rich cognitive, psychomotor, and motor data through a Personal Monitoring System and a Virtual Agent, which is then analysed by a Decision Support System; analysis results are fed back to patients and their treating clinicians. In this paper, we describe how the complex data is managed and discuss ethical issues. Data is stored in functional units that correspond to treatment relevant entities. Custom XML DTDs are defined for each unit, which are used to exchange information between system components. As far as possible, observations and findings are coded using SNOMED CT to ensure interoperability with other applications such as Electronic Health Records.

  12. Mobility Helps Peer-to-Peer Security

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Capkun, Srdjan; Hubaux, Jean-Pierre; Buttyan, Levente

    2006-01-01

    We propose a straightforward technique to provide peer-to-peer security in mobile networks. We show that far from being a hurdle, mobility can be exploited to set up security associations among users. We leverage on the temporary vicinity of users, during which appropriate cryptographic protocols...... are run. We illustrate the operation of the solution in two scenarios, both in the framework of mobile ad hoc networks. In the first scenario, we assume the presence of an offline certification authority and we show how mobility helps to set up security associations for secure routing; in this case...... by visual contact and by the activation of an appropriate secure side channel of their personal device; we show that the process can be fuelled by taking advantage of trusted acquaintances. We then show that the proposed solution is generic: It can be deployed on any mobile network and it can be implemented...

  13. Helping Veterans and Their Families Fight On!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan Hazle

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This new generation of veterans is coming home to families, friends, employers, and communities that likely do not understand military culture, nor the effects that military service and reintegration have on a veteran’s life, leading to the next war – the Reintegration War. Military servicemembers, veterans, and their families face challenges within the Reintegration War that are different from their civilian counterparts and are complicated by military-specific circumstances. In order to more effectively and efficiently address the challenges servicemembers, veterans, and their families face, we need to work together in a comprehensive effort. Strategies are presented to help win the Reintegration War and ease the transition for servicemembers, veterans, and their families.

  14. Nurturing a Self-Help Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsha A. Schubert

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In April 1987, the parent of a child who was both learning disabled and intellectually gifted and talented and a professional educator (the author founded Parents of Gifted and Learning-Disabled Students of Northern Virginia, a self-help group for people who were dealing with the challenges posed by such children. The article begins with a background explaining the need for such a group followed by a history of the group and a description of how it functioned. It then details ways in which the author and the group interacted over the course of 5 years. A major component of this interaction was the members’ partnering in a research study with the author—a process now known as participatory action research (PAR—and the outcomes of that partnership.

  15. Market forces can help lower waste volumes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stavins, R.N.

    1993-01-01

    Market forces can go a long way toward helping communities solve their mounting solid-waste problems. In most communities the increasing costs of solid-waste disposal are invisible to the average homeowner because they are buried in local property tax rates. Even in the few communities that list disposal costs separately on tax bills, individual costs are not related to the volume of waste generated. Fundamental to an effective waste-management strategy is the removal of these distortions by getting the prices right. But even with improved price signals, there is no silver bullet of public policy for solid- and hazardous-waste management. Until the ubiquitous NIMBY (Not In My Backyard) problem is addressed, even the most innovative set of waste management policies will remain, at best, a partial solution

  16. Can Resilience Help? Coping with Job Stressor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uju Violet Alola

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Workplace incivility is a serious issue in an organization, this is of the fact that uncivil act is costly to the organization, employee health, performance, turnover intention. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the importance of workplace incivility on hotel employees using IBM Amos 22. And, using questionnaire method as a research tool for the quantitative study, a total of 153 questionnaires were used to assess the effect of workplace incivility on hotel employees in four and five star-hotels in Lagos Nigeria. Bagozzi’s Appraisal-Emotional reactions theory was applied to this study. We found out that resilience fully mediated the relationship between work place incivility and turnover intention. The estimated results obtained suggest that workplace incivility has a negative effect on employee. Suggestions were made to human resource management on how to help employee stand the stress of this effect.

  17. Trying-out a walking help

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krummheuer, Antonia Lina; Raudaskoski, Pirkko Liisa

    2016-01-01

    that constitute the trial as a joint activity in which the impaired participant becomes a competent participant and independent walker. The analysis is based on video recordings from a case study in which a person with brain injury is trying out a new type of walking help. The trial is understood as a situated...... learning process in which the participants prepare, enact and assess the performance of the technology supported walking. The paper distinguishes two iterative phases in which the impaired person is constituted as an independent walker: the adjustment and assessment of a body-device relation and, further......The paper contributes to the discussion of how people with limited communication means become active participants in the assessment of welfare technologies. The paper combines ethnomethodology with insights form Science and Technology Studies and emphasises the situated and multimodal practices...

  18. Peer support: helping to influence cultural change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmore, Mary

    2015-02-01

    Breastfeeding peer support schemes in Blackpool and Lancashire work closely with midwifery and other partners to offer additional support and encouragement to breastfeeding mothers. Employed and volunteer peer supporters deliver a systematic service in target areas delivering workshops to pregnant mothers, supporting new mothers in hospital, including in the neonatal units, in mothers' homes and in groups at children's centres. Working with health, children's centres, public health and councils, the peer supporters were instrumental in Fleetwood town agreeing to always welcome breastfeeding. They worked with teachers, public health and infant feeding coordinators to deliver a month-long breastfeeding campaign at a local college and, working with health visitors, have engaged with grandmothers to find out how they feel they can help support new mothers. Skilled supervision is essential to ensuring peer supporters work safely and continue to develop their skills and knowledge. Volunteer coordinators play a key role in valuing and organising volunteers.

  19. Empathic engineering: helping deliver dignity through design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosking, Ian; Cornish, Katie; Bradley, Mike; Clarkson, P. John

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Dignity is a key value within healthcare. Technology is also recognized as being a fundamental part of healthcare delivery, but also a potential cause of dehumanization of the patient. Therefore, understanding how medical devices can be designed to help deliver dignity is important. This paper explores the role of empathy tools as a way of engendering empathy in engineers and designers to enable them to design for dignity. A framework is proposed that makes the link between empathy tools and outcomes of feelings of dignity. It represents a broad systems view that provides a structure for reviewing the evidence for the efficacy of empathy tools and also how dignity can be systematically understood for particular medical devices. PMID:26453036

  20. Issues in helping students from other cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnard, Philip

    2005-04-01

    This paper reviews some of the research highlighting evidence of problems associated with studying overseas. Issues such as problems with daily living, being in the classroom and dealing with differences in the academic system are identified. The issue of studying in another culture is considered and problems of differences of perceptions between teachers and students are noted. The paper closes with some suggestions of how teachers in universities might improve their skills in helping such students. Given that the paper has to have a 'position', the assumption is that the students, in question, are coming to 'western' countries to study. The principles also apply in many other contexts and the reader must make this adjustment, as necessary.

  1. Introduction: commentaries and author's response to "The rise and fall of the autochthonous self: from Italian Renaissance Art and Shakespeare to Hediegger, Lacan, and Intersubjectivism" by Richard D. Chessick.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leffert, Mark; Schwartz, Scott C; Chessick, Richard D

    2011-01-01

    This article addresses the unresolved question of the existence of a private core autochthonous self, as it has been described by Winnicott, Modell, and others. The postmodern version of the self has eliminated this concept entirely, relegating the self to a changing and unstable display, or regarding it as totally chaotic, or even an illusion. The question is raised whether by returning to the origins of this notion of a private self and then tracing its apparent dissolution it might be possible to discover some evidence that it still exists. The methodology used is that of obtaining knowledge directly through the arts and the claim is made that because empirical science has clamored to be the only source of knowledge, we have lost what could be obtained by direct intuitive seeing and experiencing the works of creative geniuses. To explore the rise of the autochthonous self this article provides an examination of the shift from Gothic art to Italian Renaissance art, a time which engendered the origin of "man" with his or her elusive private individual self that then became expressed in changing works of art. As this spread north, Shakespeare appeared and similarly invented and illustrated in his characters the private individual self, a concept not appreciated or recognized before the Renaissance. But as science arose and Western civilization began to decline, a corresponding disillusionment with "man" took place. The self began to be viewed as solely a social construction with no core except perhaps a genetic endowment. This was accompanied by a reduction in the concept of the human as a valuable and precious living being and was replaced by regarding the human as an object of control and exploitation. After the Second World War a movement in contemporary United States psychoanalysis gradually replaced the ideas of Freud and his emphasis on the "I" in the psychoanalytic process, with forms of relational therapy, assuming that the self was ab initio

  2. The credibility crisis in research: Can economics tools help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gall, Thomas; Ioannidis, John P A; Maniadis, Zacharias

    2017-04-01

    The issue of nonreplicable evidence has attracted considerable attention across biomedical and other sciences. This concern is accompanied by an increasing interest in reforming research incentives and practices. How to optimally perform these reforms is a scientific problem in itself, and economics has several scientific methods that can help evaluate research reforms. Here, we review these methods and show their potential. Prominent among them are mathematical modeling and laboratory experiments that constitute affordable ways to approximate the effects of policies with wide-ranging implications.

  3. Could positive affect help engineer robot control systems?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quirin, Markus; Hertzberg, Joachim; Kuhl, Julius; Stephan, Achim

    2011-11-01

    Emotions have long been seen as counteracting rational thought, but over the last decades, they have been viewed as adaptive processes to optimize human (but also animal) behaviour. In particular, positive affect appears to be a functional aspect of emotions closely related to that. We argue that positive affect as understood in Kuhl's PSI model of the human cognitive architecture appears to have an interpretation in state-of-the-art hybrid robot control architectures, which might help tackle some open questions in the field.

  4. Early human communication helps in understanding language evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenti Boero, Daniela

    2014-12-01

    Building a theory on extant species, as Ackermann et al. do, is a useful contribution to the field of language evolution. Here, I add another living model that might be of interest: human language ontogeny in the first year of life. A better knowledge of this phase might help in understanding two more topics among the "several building blocks of a comprehensive theory of the evolution of spoken language" indicated in their conclusion by Ackermann et al., that is, the foundation of the co-evolution of linguistic motor skills with the auditory skills underlying speech perception, and the possible phylogenetic interactions of protospeech production with referential capabilities.

  5. Empirical Analysis of Exploiting Review Helpfulness for Extractive Summarization of Online Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Wenting; Litman, Diane

    2014-01-01

    We propose a novel unsupervised extractive approach for summarizing online reviews by exploiting review helpfulness ratings. In addition to using the helpfulness ratings for review-level filtering, we suggest using them as the supervision of a topic model for sentence-level content scoring. The proposed method is metadata-driven, requiring no…

  6. Ethical leadership, employee well-being, and helping: the moderating role of human resource management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kalshoven, K.; Boon, C.T.

    2012-01-01

    In this multi-source study, we examined the link between ethical leadership, human resource management (HRM), employee well-being, and helping. Based on the Conservation of Resources Theory, we proposed a mediated moderation model linking ethical leadership to helping, which includes well-being as

  7. Parent Guidelines for Helping Children After an Earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NOW Parent Guidelines for Helping Children after an Earthquake You are here Home > Parent Guidelines for Helping ... top Parent Guidelines for Helping Children after an Earthquake NCTSN Resource Resource Description Offers parents guidance on ...

  8. Research Highlights: Helping Adolescents Resist Drugs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2000-01-01

    Project ALERT departs boldly from prevention models of the 196Os and 197Os, which emphasized informing adolescents about the long-term consequences of drug use or building their decisionmaking skills...

  9. Evolving minds: Helping students with cognitive dissonance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bramschreiber, Terry L.

    Even 150 years after Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species, public school teachers still find themselves dealing with student resistance to learning about biological evolution. Some teachers deal with this pressure by undermining, deemphasizing, or even omitting the topic in their science curriculum. Others face the challenge and deliver solid scientific instruction of evolutionary theory despite the conflicts that may arise. The latter were the topic of this study. I interviewed five teachers that had experience dealing with resistance to learning evolution in their school community. Through these in-depth interviews, I examined strategies these teachers use when facing resistance and how they help students deal with the cognitive dissonance that may be experienced when learning about evolution. I selected the qualitative method of educational criticism and connoisseurship to organize and categorize my data. From the interviews, the following findings emerged. Experienced teachers increased their confidence in teaching evolution by pursuing outside professional development. They not only learned more about evolutionary theory, but about creationist arguments against evolution. These teachers front-load their curriculum to integrate the nature of science into their lessons to address misunderstandings about how science works. They also highlight the importance of learning evolutionary theory but ensure students they do not have an agenda to indoctrinate students. Finally these experienced teachers work hard to create an intellectually safe learning environment to build trusting and respectful relationships with their students.

  10. Implementing healthcare information security: standards can help.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orel, Andrej; Bernik, Igor

    2013-01-01

    Using widely spread common approaches to systems security in health dedicated controlled environments, a level of awareness, confidence and acceptance of relevant standardisation is evaluated. Patients' information is sensitive, so putting appropriate organisational techniques as well as modern technology in place to secure health information is of paramount importance. Mobile devices are becoming the top priorities in advanced information security planning with healthcare environments being no exception. There are less and less application areas in healthcare without having a need for a mobile functionality which represents an even greater information security challenge. This is also true in emergency treatments, rehabilitation and homecare just to mention a few areas outside hospital controlled environments. Unfortunately quite often traditional unsecured communications principles are still in routine use for communicating sensitive health related information. The security awareness level with users, patients and care professionals is not high enough so potential threats and risks may not be addressed and the respective information security management is therefore weak. Standards like ISO/IEC 27000 ISMS family, the ISO/IEC 27799 information security guidelines in health are often not well known, but together with legislation principles such as HIPAA, they can help.

  11. Isotopes Help Design Better Nutrition Programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mohamad, Daud

    2014-01-01

    Good nutrition is essential for good health. To ensure proper nutrition, energydense fat, protein and carbohydrates need to be accompanied by vitamins and minerals. Malnutrition is the result of too much food or too little food and a lack of variety in the kinds of food eaten. More than 30% of young children suffer from some form of malnutrition with devastating consequences for health, learning, future earning potential, economic development, resilience and security. Undernutrition in early life, when accompanied by excessive weight gain later in childhood, increases the risk of chronic diseases in adulthood. Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally, with at least 2.8 million adults dying each year from diseases related to overweight or obesity such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and some forms of cancer. Stable isotope techniques play an important role in the development and monitoring of interventions against malnutrition. Compared to other conventional techniques, these methods, which do not involve radiation, offer much more sensitive and specific measurements. They can be used to establish the ratio of lean tissue to fat in body composition; to estimate the number of calories spent each day; to determine whether breastfed babies are exclusively breastfed according to the recommendations issued by the World Health Organization (WHO); to assess a person’s vitamin A reserves; and to establish how well iron and zinc are utilized from local foods and diets. This provides Member States with information to help them design or improve their national health and nutrition programmes

  12. Why helping war veterans, at all?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beara Vladan

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available "The society for the protection of mental health of the war veterans and victims of the 1991 - 1999 wars" was founded in 1999, as a non-governmental non-partite and non-profit association of citizens whose basic aim is the preservation of mental health of refugees and displaced persons, war veterans (persons who have undergone the experience of war, usually against their will, members of their families and all persons who have been traumatized by the wars in the area of the former SFRY in the period between 1991 and 1999. The current projects involve: 1. The Trauma Center in Novi Sad, which provides psychological and legal assistance to war veterans and all citizens who were endangered by war operations; 2. Counseling services for trauma in Leskovac, Vranje and Bujanovac, whose primary aims are remobilization and treatment of the traumatized participants and casualties of the wars, as well as the decrease of social, political and interethnic tensions; 3. Education of war veterans for the leaders of self-help peer groups and 4. Educational experience seminars for REBT psychotherapeutic work with psychological trauma with the aim to educate experts for more efficient work with traumatized clients.

  13. Horses help to maintain CERN's forests

    CERN Multimedia

    François Briard

    2016-01-01

    On the initiative of the Office National des Forêts, France’s forestry commission, horses are helping to remove trees cut down in CERN’s forests.   The CERN site covers 625 hectares, of which around 200 are fenced sites used for CERN’s research activities. The rest of the land consists of fields rented out to farmers and about 90 hectares of forests, mainly in France and managed by the French forestry commission, the Office National des Forêts (ONF), under an agreement with CERN signed in 2010. The upkeep of CERN’s forests requires regular maintenance work, which includes thinning out seedlings, selecting the strongest saplings and harvesting mature trees. This June, the ONF has decided to involve horses in the removal of felled trees from CERN’s woods in Prévessin.  As Florent Daloz, the logger entrusted with this activity by the ONF, explains, the use of horses to haul timber completely died out i...

  14. We're Here to Help You

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Larry W.; Hyman, Sara; Finch, Roger D.; Faris, Grant B.; Bell, Charles E.; Thornton, Marla S.; Mainland, Nora; Himes, Terry

    2010-01-01

    Air Force lore tells us that the two biggest lies you will ever hear on the tarmac are when the Inspector General steps off the plane and says to the Wing Commander, "We're here to help you," and the Wing Commander replies, "We're glad to see you." Not too surprisingly, a similar relationship is often perceived between a project manager and the mission assurance representative (especially for operations). This perception intensifies as budgets shrink and missions shorten, after all, where is the value added? That is the question we will examine for three small, short projects: Phoenix, WISE, and Grail (which is yet to launch). All have limited resources to devote to "niceties" and a very short mission to reap the benefits for their operations. We will examine how mission operations assurance evolved for each project, what worked well, what could have been improved, and how these lessons can be applied to ensure mission operations assurance is a value added function for Grail and future small missions.

  15. Health information technology: help or hindrance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketchersid, Terry

    2014-07-01

    The practice of medicine in general and nephrology in particular grows increasingly complex with each passing year. In parallel with this trend, the purchasers of health care are slowly shifting the reimbursement paradigm from one based on rewarding transactions, or work performed, to one that rewards value delivered. Within this context, the health-care value equation is broadly defined as quality divided by costs. Health information technology has been widely recognized as 1 of the foundations for delivering better care at lower costs. As the largest purchaser of health care in the world, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has deployed a series of interrelated programs designed to spur the adoption and utilization of health information technology. This review examines our known collective experience in the practice of nephrology to date with several of these programs and attempts to answer the following question: Is health information technology helping or hindering the delivery of value to the nation's health-care system? Through this review, it was concluded overall that the effect of health information technology appears positive; however, it cannot be objectively determined because of the infancy of its utilization in the practice of medicine. Copyright © 2014 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Tracking Nemo: Help Scientists Understand Zebrafish Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolbert, Tyrone J; Nakayama, Shinnosuke; Porfiri, Maurizio

    2018-02-22

    The advent of automated tracking software has significantly reduced the time required to record movement trajectories, thereby facilitating behavioral studies of zebrafish. However, results are substantially influenced by tracking errors, such as loss and misidentification of individuals. In this study, we present the development of an online citizen science platform, Tracking Nemo, to improve data accuracy on swimming trajectories of zebrafish groups. As an online extension of software for tracking the position of zebrafish from video recordings, Tracking Nemo offers volunteers the opportunity to contribute to science by manually correcting tracked trajectory data from their personal computers. Researchers can upload their videos that require human intervention for correcting and validating the data. Citizen scientists can monitor their contributions through a leaderboard system, which is designed to strengthen participant retention and contribution by tapping into intrinsic and extrinsic motivations. Tracking Nemo is expected to help scientists improve data accuracy through the involvement of citizen scientists, who, in turn, engage in an authentic research activity and learn more about the behavior of zebrafish.

  17. Will online chat help alleviate mood loneliness?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Mu

    2009-04-01

    The present study examines the relationship between social Internet use and loneliness and reviews the studies about this topic from both social psychology and computer-mediated communication literature, as a response to the call for interdisciplinary research from scholars in these two areas. Two hundred thirty-four people participated in both the survey testing trait loneliness and a 5-condition (face-to-face chatting, instant message chatting, watching video, writing assignments, and "do nothing") experiment. Participants reported increase of mood loneliness after chatting online. The level of mood loneliness after online chat was higher than that in face-to-face communication. For people with high trait loneliness, the mood loneliness increase in the computer-mediated communication condition was significantly higher than in the face-to-face communication condition. The author of the current study hopes to help clarify the mixed research findings in previous social Internet use literature about this topic and reminds communication researchers of the need to explore the constructs included in "psychological well-being" in terms of their nature, mechanism, causes, consequences, and furthermore, how they are related to communication.

  18. FNL Scientists Introduce Concept That Could Help the Immune System Respond to Vaccines | FNLCR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scientists have discovered an efficient and straightforward model to manipulate RNA nanoparticles, a new concept that could help trigger desirable activation of the immune system with vaccines and therapies. A multi-institutional team of researchers

  19. FNL Scientists Introduce Concept That Could Help the Immune System Respond to Vaccines | FNLCR Staging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scientists have discovered an efficient and straightforward model to manipulate RNA nanoparticles, a new concept that could help trigger desirable activation of the immune system with vaccines and therapies. A multi-institutional team of researchers

  20. Rewiring the network. What helps an innovation to diffuse?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sznajd-Weron, Katarzyna; Szwabiński, Janusz; Weron, Rafał; Weron, Tomasz

    2014-01-01

    A fundamental question related to innovation diffusion is how the structure of the social network influences the process. Empirical evidence regarding real-world networks of influence is very limited. On the other hand, agent-based modeling literature reports different, and at times seemingly contradictory, results. In this paper we study innovation diffusion processes for a range of Watts–Strogatz networks in an attempt to shed more light on this problem. Using the so-called Sznajd model as the backbone of opinion dynamics, we find that the published results are in fact consistent and allow us to predict the role of network topology in various situations. In particular, the diffusion of innovation is easier on more regular graphs, i.e. with a higher clustering coefficient. Moreover, in the case of uncertainty—which is particularly high for innovations connected to public health programs or ecological campaigns—a more clustered network will help the diffusion. On the other hand, when social influence is less important (i.e. in the case of perfect information), a shorter path will help the innovation to spread in the society and—as a result—the diffusion will be easiest on a random graph. (paper)

  1. Using health psychology to help patients: theories of behaviour change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barley, Elizabeth; Lawson, Victoria

    2016-09-08

    Behaviour change theories and related research evidence highlight the complexity of making and sticking to health-related behaviour changes. These theories make explicit factors that influence behaviour change, such as health beliefs, past behaviour, intention, social influences, perceived control and the context of the behaviour. Nurses can use this information to understand why a particular patient may find making recommended health behaviour changes difficult and to determine factors that may help them. This article outlines five well-established theories of behaviour change: the health belief model, the theory of planned behaviour, the stages of change model, self-determination theory, and temporal self-regulation theory. The evidence for interventions that are informed by these theories is then explored and appraised. The extent and quality of evidence varies depending on the type of behaviour and patients targeted, but evidence from randomised controlled trials indicates that interventions informed by theory can result in behaviour change.

  2. Proper Tools Helping Sustainability in Logistics Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alrik Stelling; Nico Lamers; Gerard Vos; Reinder Pieters; Stef Weijers; Erik Koekebakker

    2009-01-01

    Proliferation on sustainability is a must, for quite a lot of companies. Logisticians could use models in attaining sustainability, or at least in understanding its potentials. A sustainable business plan must be based on a clear vision and must be underpinned thoroughly, in order to get the board

  3. Self-Formation and the speculative: Gadamer and Lacan | Hurst ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gadamer\\'s project in Truth and Method is as much about truth in the human sciences as it is about human subjectivity, for, following Heidegger, he claims that truth is reducible to method (technical rationality) only if one is misled by old Enlightenment subject/object dualisms. Posing the question of the possibility and nature ...

  4. Lacan's psycho-analytic evacuation of the rainbow nation identity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    theorised and often simplistic perspectives on the one hand, and its ideological and limited representations on the other. Key Words: rainbow nation, identity, Lacanian psycho-analysis, rainbowism, South African identity. Tydskrif vir letterkunde ...

  5. Notes Towards a Phenomenological Reading of Lacan | Kemp ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Phenomenological psychotherapy, while critiquing psychoanalytic theories, has always sought to draw on and be inspired by these (and other) approaches. To read psychoanalysis through the lens of existential-phenomenology opens, deepens and perhaps even rehabilitates this body of work. In this paper, the work of the ...

  6. Judith Butler, lectora crítica de Jacques Lacan

    OpenAIRE

    Suniga, Natalia; Luzza Rodriguez, Pablo Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    Uno de los objetivos más importantes de la intervención de Judith Butler en el campo de la Teoría Social ha sido resignificar críticamente algunos de los principales conceptos de la teoría lacaniana en el marco de la teoría feminista dando cuenta del potencial subversivo de lo excluido en la constitución del orden simbólico y de sus sujetos. Desde una perspectiva post-estructuralista, Butler (1989, 1993, 2000) propone comprender la noción lacaniana de prohibición como una formación históri...

  7. Can Viral Videos Help Beaver Restore Streams?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, J. M.; Pollock, M. M.; Lewallen, G.; Jordan, C.; Woodruff, K.

    2015-12-01

    Have you watched YouTube lately? Did you notice the plethora of cute animal videos? Researchers, including members of our Beaver Restoration Research team, have been studying the restoration potential of beaver for decades, yet in the past few years, beaver have gained broad acclaim and some much deserved credit for restoration of aquatic systems in North America. Is it because people can now see these charismatic critters in action from the comfort of their laptops? While the newly released Beaver Restoration Guidebook attempts to answer many questions, sadly, this is not one of them. We do, however, address the use of beaver (Castor canadensis) in stream, wetland, and floodplain restoration and discuss the many positive effects of beaver on fluvial ecosystems. Our team, composed of researchers from NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, US Fish and Wildlife Service, US Forest Service, and Portland State University, has developed a scientifically rigorous, yet accessible, practitioner's guide that provides a synthesis of the best available science for using beaver to improve ecosystem functions. Divided into two broad sections -- Beaver Ecology and Beaver Restoration and Management -- the guidebook focuses on the many ways in which beaver improve habitat, primarily through the construction of dams that impound water and retain sediment. In Beaver Ecology, we open with a discussion of the general effects that beaver dams have on physical and biological processes, and we close with "Frequently Asked Questions" and "Myth Busters". In Restoration and Management, we discuss common emerging restoration techniques and methods for mitigating unwanted beaver effects, followed by case studies from pioneering practitioners who have used many of these beaver restoration techniques in the field. The lessons they have learned will help guide future restoration efforts. We have also included a comprehensive beaver ecology library of over 1400 references from scientific journals

  8. Google searches help with diagnosis in dermatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amri, Montassar; Feroz, Kaliyadan

    2014-01-01

    Several previous studies have tried to assess the usefulness of Google search as a diagnostic aid. The results were discordant and have led to controversies. To investigate how often Google search is helpful to reach correct diagnoses in dermatology. Two fifth-year students (A and B) and one demonstrator (C) have participated as investigators in this paper. Twenty-five diagnostic dermatological cases were selected from all the clinical cases published in the Web only images in clinical medicine from March 2005 to November 2009. The main outcome measure of our paper was to compare the number of correct diagnoses provided by the investigators without, and with Google search. Investigator A gave correct diagnoses in 9/25 (36%) cases without Google search, his diagnostic success after Google search was 18/25 (72%). Investigator B results were 11/25 (44%) correct diagnoses without Google search, and 19/25 (76%) after this search. For investigator C, the results were 12/25 (48%) without Google search, and 18/25 (72%) after the use of this tool. Thus, the total correct diagnoses provided by the three investigators were 32 (42.6%) without Google search, and 55 (73.3%) when using this facility. The difference was statistically significant between the total number of correct diagnoses given by the three investigators without, and with Google search (p = 0.0002). In the light of our paper, Google search appears to be an interesting diagnostic aid in dermatology. However, we emphasize that diagnosis is primarily an art based on clinical skills and experience.

  9. Predicting Relationship Help Seeking Prior to a Marriage Checkup

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, C. J. Eubanks; Cordova, James V.

    2012-01-01

    Although the barriers to couples' help seeking can be daunting, to date there is only a small body of literature addressing the factors that motivate couples to seek help. This study examined the association between attitudes toward relationship help seeking and relationship help seeking behaviors, as well as the association between marital…

  10. Understanding help-seeking intentions in male military cadets: An application of perceptual mapping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Bauerle Bass

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research suggests that men are less likely to seek help for depression, substance abuse, and stressful life events due to negative perceptions of asking for and receiving help. This may be exacerbated in male military cadets who exhibit higher levels of gender role conflict because of military culture. Methods This exploratory study examined the perceptions of 78 male military cadets toward help-seeking behaviors. Cadets completed the 31-item Barriers to Help Seeking Scale (BHSS and a component factor analysis was used to generate five composite variables and compare to validated factors. Perceptual mapping and vector modeling, which produce 3-dimensional models of a group’s perceptions, were then used to model how they conceptualize help-seeking. Results Factor analysis showed slightly different groupings than the BHSS, perhaps attributed to different characteristics of respondents, who are situated in a military school compared to general university males. Perceptual maps show that cadets perceive trust of doctors closest to them and help-seeking farthest, supporting the concept that these males have rigid beliefs about having control and its relationship to health seeking. Differences were seen when comparing maps of White and non-White cadets. White cadets positioned themselves far away from all variables, while non-White cadets were closest to “emotional control”. Conclusion To move these cadets toward help-seeking, vector modeling suggests that interventions should focus on their general trust of doctors, accepting lack of control, and decreasing feelings of weakness when asking for help. For non-White cadets a focus on self-reliance may also need to be emphasized. Use of these unique methods resulted in articulation of specific barriers that if addressed early, may have lasting effects on help-seeking behavior as these young men become adults. Future studies are needed to develop and test specific interventions

  11. Service utilization and help seeking in a national sample of female rape victims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amstadter, Ananda B; McCauley, Jenna L; Ruggiero, Kenneth J; Resnick, Heidi S; Kilpatrick, Dean G

    2008-12-01

    Many women with mental health problems do not seek help. Despite substantial research on predictors of help seeking, little is known about factors associated with help seeking in at-risk populations (for example, rape victims). This study examined various forms of help seeking for emotional problems in relation to key variables in a national sample of female rape victims. Telephone interviews were conducted with a representative sample of 3,001 women (aged 18 to 76 years). All interviews were conducted between January 23, 2006, and June 26, 2006. Those endorsing a lifetime history of rape were included in the analyses presented here (N=556). Demographic characteristics, rape history, rape characteristics, psychopathology, and substance abuse were assessed. Help seeking was assessed by asking whether participants ever sought help for emotional problems, and if so, what types of services were sought (services provided through a medical professional, religious figure, or mental health professional). Help seeking was endorsed by 60% of the sample. The final multivariable model showed that ever seeking help was associated with being white (OR=2.61), being married (OR=.42), and having posttraumatic stress disorder (OR=3.45). Specific forms of help seeking revealed unique predictor sets. Although lifetime history of help seeking among rape victims was high, 40% of respondents had never sought help for emotional problems. Odds of help seeking were generally increased by the presence of a mental disorder. The findings suggest that some respondents may have sought help from general medical professionals or religious figures for emotional problems related to being raped. Education and training regarding rape and associated disorders should be available to other professionals to support provision of care. Public policy should be strengthened regarding professionals' service provision and should include reimbursement for mental health services so victims do not have to pay for

  12. Helping intentions of undergraduates towards their depressed peers: a cross-sectional study in Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amarasuriya, Santushi D; Reavley, Nicola J; Rossetto, Alyssia; Jorm, Anthony F

    2017-01-23

    Despite showing high rates of depression, university students prefer to seek assistance for their depression from informal sources, such as their friends, rather than seeking professional assistance. Therefore, the helping behaviours of those who provide informal help to these students need examination. This study examines the helping intentions of undergraduates in Sri Lanka towards their depressed peers and the correlates of their helping intentions. The undergraduates were presented with a vignette of a hypothetical depressed undergraduate. A total of 4442 undergraduates responded to an open-ended question about how the person in the vignette should be helped if this person was someone they knew well. Their responses were coded in reference to established mental health first aid guidelines. Logistic and linear regression models were used to examine the predictors of their helping intentions. The undergraduates' most common helping intentions were to listen/talk and support their peer. Only around a third considered the need for professional help. The overall quality of their helping intentions was poor, but better among those who recognised the problem as depression and those who had less stigmatising attitudes. There was some evidence that certain helping intentions of the undergraduates which were person-oriented or social network-related were better among females, those in higher years of study and among certain non-medical student groups. Intentions to encourage professional help were better among those who recognised the problem, but poorer among those with personal experiences of this problem and among those who perceived this problem to be a weakness and not a sickness. Although the undergraduates may attempt to support their distressed peers, they may not show appropriate helping actions and may not encourage the use of professional assistance. Hence, they need to be educated on how best to respond to their distressed peers. Those with higher levels of

  13. Why Does Music Therapy Help in Autism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neha Khetrapal

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Music therapy is shown to be an effective intervention for emotional recognition deficits in autism. However, researchers to date have yet to propose a model that accounts for the neurobiological and cognitive components that are responsible for such improvements. The current paper outlines a model whereby the encoding of tonal pitch is proposed as the underlying mechanism. Accurate tonal pitch perception is important for recognizing emotions like happiness and sadness in the auditory domain. Once acquired, the ability to perceive tonal pitch functions as a domain-specific module that proves beneficial for music cognition. There is biological preparedness for the development of such a module and it is hypothesized to be preserved in autism. The current paper reinforces the need to build intervention programs based on this preserved module in autism, and proposes that this module may form the basis for a range of benefits related to music therapy. Possible brain areas associated with this module are suggested.

  14. Outgroup helping as a tool to communicate ingroup warmth

    OpenAIRE

    Van, Leeuwen E.A.C.; Täuber, S.

    2012-01-01

    The authors extend previous research on the effects of metastereotype activation on outgroup helping by examining in more detail the role of group impression management motives and by studying direct helping (i.e., helping the outgroup believed to hold a negative view of the ingroup). Data from three experiments provided full support for the communicative nature of direct outgroup helping by demonstrating that outgroup helping in response to a negative metastereotype was predicted by particip...

  15. Currency hedging with help of derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Riederová

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The high volatility combined with unpredictable fluctuations of CZK had shown one more time to the Czech exporting companies the necessity of currency hedging. This article is focused on finding of suitable currency hedging instrument for exporting company, working with the currency pair of CZK/EUR. In the first part, the time series analysis is made for volatility, interest rates and exchange rate. Based on the real market data – gained from Thomson REUTERS and CNB for the time period starting in 2002 – the detailed analysis is made in graphical form. The main goal is to find out the future trends with help of liner regression analysis, based on the historical data. Several graphs are provided with the trend line end estimated interval (min and max for the each variable. The calculated values are clearly marked, to be separated from the real market data. Exchange rate curve shows the market behaviour in the last years and is to be used as most important indicator for the future trends. Interest rates curves are very important for the calculation of the BIPS (basis points, determining the price of the forwards. The difference between landing and deposit rates for the same period of time and different currencies are showing the market estimation of the future development of each currency. Forward price is to be seen as a benchmark for the all other financial instruments. And finally the volatility (quoted as middle is very important part in the pricing of currency options.The second part is closely connected with the first one. Based on the results of provided analyses, it recommends a suitable hedging product for the next period of time. All of the analyses are taken as an input in different ways. The volatility is important for the decision of selling or purchasing the specific part of currency option. The exchange rate outlook together with the interest rates is the indicator of the future development of the currency pair and is playing

  16. A Helping Hand: Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard W. Andrews

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI is an approach to teaching that emphasizes the diagnosis of learning problems and the provision of prescriptive assignments to assist individual students overcome their difficulties.  When this strategy is employed effectively, the teaching environment is highly adaptive.  The teacher matches the students' abilities to alternate ways of learning, and also provides remedial assistance and positive reinforcement.  Individually Prescribed Instruction has been shown to be effective across the school curriculum.  This writer reviews the success of this strategy for assisting students overcome learning problems, and proposes a model for its implementation in music instruction.

  17. Factors associated with help-seeking behaviour among individuals with major depression: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magaard, Julia Luise; Seeralan, Tharanya; Schulz, Holger; Brütt, Anna Levke

    2017-01-01

    Psychological models can help to understand why many people suffering from major depression do not seek help. Using the 'Behavioral Model of Health Services Use', this study systematically reviewed the literature on the characteristics associated with help-seeking behaviour in adults with major depression. Articles were identified by systematically searching the MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycInfo databases and relevant reference lists. Observational studies investigating the associations between individual or contextual characteristics and professional help-seeking behaviour for emotional problems in adults formally diagnosed with major depression were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed, and factors associated with help-seeking behaviour were qualitatively synthesized. In total, 40 studies based on 26 datasets were included. Several studies investigated predisposing (age (N = 17), gender (N = 16), ethnicity (N = 9), education (N = 11), marital status (N = 12)), enabling (income (N = 12)), need (severity (N = 14), duration (N = 9), number of depressive episodes (N = 6), psychiatric comorbidity (N = 10)) and contextual factors (area (N = 8)). Socio-demographic and need factors appeared to influence help-seeking behaviour. Although existing studies provide insight into the characteristics associated with help seeking for major depression, cohort studies and research on beliefs about, barriers to and perceived need for treatment are lacking. Based on this review, interventions to increase help-seeking behaviour can be designed.

  18. Destiny of Destinations: Can TDM Help?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zsuzsanna Bacsi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism destination management (TDM is a popular catchword of current tourism research. A research, co-financed by the European Union through the Hungary-Croatia IPA Cross-border Co-operation Programme, within the project ’Health &Rural Tourism DM Model’ (project no.: HUHR/1101/2.1.3/0006, was carried out in 2013 to analyse the specialities of TDM in health tourism destinations, the physical and human resources of such destinations, aspects of sustainability and competitiveness, the main factors of success. Primary data were collected by surveys and interviews carried out in six spa towns of Western Hungary. The main findings indicated, that the major natural natural endowment is medicinal water in the research area, tourism infrastructure and superstructure are sufficient, although the range of services, and marketing of health tourism services should be improved. Destination management organisations perform least efficiently in attracting investors. The attitudes of stakeholders of the tourism sector towards the idea of TDM differ, while in less successful destinations they are more inclined to cooperate this way, they are rather reluctant to do so in successful destinations. Assessing the traits of tourism service providers, the natural assets, the local community and the targeted tourist segments a general model of health tourism destinations is outlined by the four componenets of the well-known VICE model.

  19. Help Received for Perceived Needs Related to Mental Health in a Montreal (Canada Epidemiological Catchment Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Josée Fleury

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study sought to identify variables associated with help received in terms of information, medication, counselling and total help received (including other needs among 571 individuals needing health care services for mental health problems. Study participants were randomly selected from an epidemiological survey. Data on help received were collected using the Canadian version of the Perceived Need for Care Questionnaire (PNCQ, and were analyzed using a multinomial logistic regression model. Most help received was in the form of counselling, followed by medication and information. Compared with individuals who received no help, those who reported receiving help for all their needs were more likely to have psychological distress, to be non-verbally aggressive, to consult more healthcare professionals, to be men and to be somewhat older. Compared with individuals who received no help, those who received partial help were more likely to be not addicted to drugs or alcohol, to consult more healthcare professionals, and to be older. Healthcare services should prioritize strategies (e.g., early detection, outreach, public education on mental and addiction disorders that address barriers to help seeking among youth, as well as individuals addicted to drugs and alcohol or those presenting with aggressive behavior.

  20. Help Me Please!: Designing and Developing Application for Emergencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Ng Ken; Hafit, Hanayanti; Wahid, Norfaradilla; Kasim, Shahreen; Yusof, Munirah Mohd

    2017-08-01

    Help Me Please! Application is an android platform emergency button application that is designed to transmit emergency messages to target receivers with real time information. The purpose of developing this application is to help people to notify any emergency circumstances via Short Message Service (SMS) in android platform. The application will receive the current location from Global Positioning System (GPS), will obtain the current time from the mobile device and send this information to the receivers when user presses the emergency button. Simultaneously, the application will keep sending the emergency alerts to receivers and will update to database based on the time interval set by user until user stop the function. Object-oriented Software Development model is employed to guide the development of this application with the knowledge of Java language and Android Studio. In conclusion, this application plays an important role in rescuing process when emergency circumstances happen. The rescue process will become more effective by notifying the emergency circumstances and send the current location of user to others in the early hours.

  1. Equitable Written Assessments for English Language Learners: How Scaffolding Helps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Marcelle A.; Menon, Deepika; Sinha, Somnath; Promyod, Nattida; Wissehr, Cathy; Halverson, Kristy L.

    2014-10-01

    This study investigated the effects of the use of scaffolds in written classroom assessments through the voices of both native English speakers and English language learners from two middle schools. Students responded to assessment tasks in writing, by speaking aloud using think aloud protocols, and by reflecting in a post-assessment interview. The classroom assessment tasks were designed to engage students in scientific sense making and multifaceted language use, as recommended by the Next Generation Science Standards. Data analyses showed that both groups benefitted from the use of scaffolds. The findings revealed specific ways that modifications were supportive in helping students to comprehend, visualize and organize thinking, and elicit responses. This study offers a model for both sensitizing teachers and strengthening their strategies for scaffolding assessments equitably.

  2. Enhancing flood forecasting with the help of processed based calibration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullmann, Johannes; Krauße, Thomas; Philipp, Andy

    -234; Cullmann, J., Schmitz, G.H., Görner, W., 2006. A new strategy for online flood forecasting in mountainous catchments. in: IAHS Red Book, vol. 303]. Merging of the singular parameter class models is done with the help of a sigmoidal weighting procedure. The new approach thus integrates all available information from the specially calibrated WaSiM-ETH class models, accounting for the different processes and dynamics governing the various event classes. For example it portrays the flood formation process with parameters accounting for the characteristics of the event class models. Implications arising from this study are demonstrated for a catchment in the Erzgebirge (Ore-mountains) in East Germany (1700 km). The computational efficiency, together with the convincing agreement between the predicted and observed flood peaks underlines the potential of the new parameterisation strategy in the context of operational real time forecasting.

  3. HeLp, a heme-transporting lipoprotein with an antioxidant role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maya-Monteiro, Clarissa M; Alves, Liliane R; Pinhal, Nelson; Abdalla, Dulcineia S P; Oliveira, Pedro L

    2004-01-01

    Plasma lipoproteins involved in lipid transport are target for free radical-evoked pathological conditions in several mammalian models. The main hemolymphatic protein of Boophilus microplus is a heme-binding lipoprotein (HeLp, for Heme LipoProtein) that carries dietary heme produced from degradation of vertebrate hemoglobin to tissues of the tick. Addition of heme to phospholipid liposomes resulted in intense lipid peroxidation, which was inhibited by addition of HeLp. HeLp prevented lysis of red blood cells by heme. HeLp also inhibited reactions of heme with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BOOH) or hydrogen peroxide. HeLp, quite differently from other lipoproteins, presents a protective intrinsic mechanism to counteract heme toxicity, while preserving the heme molecule to be reused by the tick. This is the first report of a lipoprotein acting as an antioxidant particle against heme-induced radical damage.

  4. Love your job Make work work for you with help from classic self-help thinkers

    CERN Document Server

    Ideas, Infinite

    2012-01-01

    Love your job is a practical collection of tips and techniques that will bring you success at work. It brings together some of the greatest ideas on work and careers from self-help classics: Napoleon Hill's Think and grow rich; Benjamin Franklin's The way to wealth; George S.Clason's The richest man in Babylon, books that inspired generations of readers with simple and effective ideas that continue to resonate today. The wise lessons from these books have been interpreted here using twenty-first century case studies and modern careers and motivational advice. These 50 short, entertaining chapt

  5. Can nanotechnology help advance glaciological research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlke, H. E.; McNew, C.; Wang, C.; McLaughlin, S.; Kocis, T. N.

    2017-12-01

    In a rapidly changing cryosphere, identifying sources, pathways, and residence times of snow and glacier meltwater is critical to developing improved understanding of watershed-stream connections and hydrological/glaciological melt models. Traditionally, glaciologists have used a variety of tracers, including chloride, microparticles, and dyes, to identify the structure and morphology of subglacial drainage systems. However, minimum detection limits, tracer expense, and the ability of watersheds to retain a memory of past tracer inputs have restricted both the scale of tracer application and the repeated or simultaneous use of most known tracers, thus limiting our ability to study complex glacial systems. These shortcomings in hydrologic tracers can be overcome by utilizing a tracer that allows for the unique identification between spatial and temporal inputs while maintaining identical transport characteristics. Here, we present the use of DNA-labeled nanoparticles, developed for nano-medicine and drug delivery, as environmental tracers. The DNA-labeled particle tracers consist of short DNA strands encapsulated within biodegradable polymer microspheres, which allow for repeatable production of numerous uniquely labelled tracers of pre-determined size and physical transport properties. Each batch of tracers are independently quantifiable; even a single DNA molecule can be detected with cost-effective quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). We have tested our tracer technology in complex systems such as valley glaciers in Sweden and Alaska and in both laboratory and field studies of channel flow, overland flow, and flow in porous media; these proof-of-concept studies indicate that nanotechnology allows for powerful characterization, description, and, ultimately, prediction of flow pathways in glacial systems and the environment.

  6. Real-time data helps in court

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Houlahan, T.

    2000-01-01

    An operating facility with approval to undertake aluminium reprocessing activities at a site in NSW had commenced reprocessing scrap lead into lead debris for re-use. The local council had not been notified of the change in activity from aluminium to lead and the operators had not sought development approval. Council subsequently served a notice of closure on the facility, based on the potential health risks associated with migration of lead dust from the facility. The operators objected to the notice and the matter was brought before the NSW Land and Environment Court for judgement. Twenty-four hours before the court proceedings, lawyers representing the council concluded that for their case to succeed, scientific data vas required to provide evidence that the facility was contributing to elevated lead concentrations in soil off-site. Consequently a consultant was commissioned by council to undertake a preliminary lead contaminated soil screening survey around the perimeter of the subject property. The survey was required to be completed within 24 hours, with the results to be presented before the court at 9am the following day. The samples were placed in plastic bags and screened for total lead, using Niton field portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrum analyser- model 703A, in accordance with the manufacturer's guidelines and USEPA method 6200. Test time ranged from 20-120 seconds. Several areas were found to contain surface soil lead levels above the proposed site criteria (1500 mg/kg). The XFR data presented in this case demonstrated excellent correlation with NATA-accredited laboratory results

  7. Top 5 Ways to Help Students with ADD/ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    This article suggests five ways to help students with ADD/ADHD. These are: (1) Integrate the primitive reflexes; (2) Diet; (3) Visual attention; (4) Help for auditory attention; and (5) Cognitive training.

  8. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... additional videos about getting help. Behind the Scenes see more videos from Veterans Health Administration Be There: Help Save a Life see more videos from Veterans Health Administration Veterans Crisis ...

  9. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Make the Connection Get Help When To Call What To Expect Resource Locator Veterans Live Chat Veterans ... Make the Connection Get Help When To Call What To Expect Resource Locator Veterans Live Chat Veterans ...

  10. Grain investigation by the help of satellite observatories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Friedemann, C.

    1988-01-01

    Interstellar grains are investigated by the help of satellite observatories taking into account extraterrestrical ultraviolet observations, infrared astronomy by the help of orbiting cooled telescopes, observed ultraviolet properties of interstellar grains, and consequences of infrared astronomy for dust investigation

  11. Participating in markets can help improve women's welfare | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 févr. 2014 ... Women's participation in livestock markets can help improve their welfare and that of their families. Understanding how and why women participate can help identify ways of increasing their participation and the benefits.

  12. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... out for help. Bittersweet More Videos from Veterans Health Administration Embedded YouTube video: https://www.youtube.com/ ... Behind the Scenes see more videos from Veterans Health Administration Be There: Help Save a Life see ...

  13. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Skip to Main Content SuicidePreventionLifeline.org Get Help Materials Get Involved Crisis Centers About Be There Show ... Spread the Word Download logos, Web ads, and materials and help get the word out. Click to ...

  14. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for help. Bittersweet More Videos from Veterans Health Administration Embedded YouTube video: https://www.youtube.com/v/ ... the Scenes see more videos from Veterans Health Administration Be There: Help Save a Life see more ...

  15. Can Earth Sciences Help Alleviate Global Poverty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutter, J. C.

    2004-12-01

    Poverty is not properly described solely in terms of economics. Certainly the billion people living on less than a dollar a day are the extreme poor and the two billion people who are living today on two dollars a day or less are poor also. One third of all humans live in poverty today. But poverty concerns deprivation - of good health, adequate nutrition, adequate education, properly paid employment, clean water, adequate housing and good sanitation. It is a fundamental denial of opportunity and a violation of basic human rights. Despite its prevalence and persistence of poverty and the attention given it by many scholars, the causes of poverty are not well understood and hence interventions to bring poor societies out of their condition often fail. One commonly missed component in the search for solutions to poverty is the fundamental co-dependence between the state of the Earth and the state of human well-being. These relationships, are compelling but often indirect and non-linear and sometimes deeply nuanced. They are also largely empirical in nature, lacking theory or models that describe the nature of the relationships. So while it is quite apparent that the poorest people are much more vulnerable than the rich to the Earths excesses and even to relatively small natural variations in places where the base conditions are poor, we do not presently know whether the recognized vulnerability is both an outcome of poverty and a contributing cause. Are societies poor, or held from development out of poverty because of their particular relationship to Earth's natural systems? Does how we live depend on where we live? Providing answers to these questions is one of the most fundamental research challenges of our time. That research lies in a domain squarely at the boundary between the natural and social sciences and cannot be answered by studies in either domain alone. What is clear even now, is that an understanding of the Earth gained from the natural sciences is

  16. Climate Change Misconceptions: Can Instruction Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCuin, J. L.; Hayhoe, K.; Hayhoe, D.

    2014-12-01

    Public understanding of climate change is fraught with misconceptions. In some cases, these may arise due to the complexity of the topic: the difference between personal experience of short-term weather events, for example, as compared to long-term analysis of a climate trend. In others, myths may be deliberately introduced: that climate has ceased to change, or that changes have been proven to be due to natural causes. Whatever their origin, these misconceptions hold powerful implications for education on climate change and related science topics. Conceptual change theory demonstrates how pre-existing misconceptions persist under regular instruction and interfere with student acquisition of correct concepts. Here, we assess the extent to which incorporating corrective instruction on misconceptions related to the greenhouse effect and on the role of human activities in climate change affects student acquisition and retention of key scientific concepts. We investigate the efficacy of this approach using two reading passages: one that simply discusses the science, and another that provides both science and misconceptions-related information. Study subjects were drawn from a first year Atmospheric Sciences course at a large public university, yielding 197 students who successfully completed the pretest, instructional treatment, immediate posttest, delayed posttest, and a background survey. While both treatments produced significant gains in the posttest and delayed posttest overall, only the treatment that directly targeted misconceptions produced long-term gains on misconception-related questions. Our results support the conceptual change model's basic claim that misconceptions may persist through concept-based instruction, but may be uprooted by even a relatively brief reading passage that addresses them directly. However, our results also contain a striking anomaly: for questions involving the phrase "global warming," misconceptions-based instruction did not

  17. Government interventions to aid choice: Help to self-help or paternalism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte; Kjær, Trine

    2015-07-01

    A random sample of Danish respondents was asked in which aspects of every-day life they find it more difficult to adhere to behavioural patterns that they believe are best for them and their family. Individuals report high degrees of lack of self-control in specific areas of everyday life, suggesting that individuals are not consistently exhibiting utility optimising behaviour, a finding that accords with behavioural economics and the expected prevalence of irrational behaviour. We observe greater self-perceived self-control problems amongst individuals from the lower economic strata. Thus, to the extent that self-control relates to environmental factors, there is justification for introducing government interventions targeting such factors to improve equity in health and to increase utility levels amongst those with lower incomes and lower levels of education. Further, the public's preferences for a range of government interventions targeting different facets of life-style were elicited. Individuals who were the target of interventions were less supportive of these interventions. Individuals in the target group whose self-perceived self-control was low tended to be more supportive, but still less so than those who were not targeted. Since support was shown to come mainly from those not targeted by the intervention, and especially from those who feel in control of their lives, our results indicate that the interventions cannot be justified on the grounds of libertarianism (help to self-help). Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Using Powers of 10 to Help Students Develop Temporal Benchmarks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Mette Elisabeth

    2009-01-01

    One of the greatest challenges for middle school Earth science teachers is helping our students get a feel for the magnitude of the long spans that make up Earth's history. The intent of the strategy presented here is to help middle school students get a feel for the real sizes of powers of 10, and then help them use that understanding by…

  19. Help-Seeking Behaviors of Accounting Principles I Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moncada, Susan M.; Sanders, Joseph C.

    This study examined the help-seeking propensities of college students enrolled in a "Principles of Financial Accounting I" course. A total of 364 students responded to a questionnaire on various aspects of help-seeking behavior. It was found that the most frequently used source of help was friends or classmates, followed by the instructor and the…

  20. 29 CFR 1625.4 - Help wanted notices or advertisements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Help wanted notices or advertisements. 1625.4 Section 1625... DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT Interpretations § 1625.4 Help wanted notices or advertisements. (a) Help wanted notices or advertisements may not contain terms and phrases that limit or deter the employment of older...