Former Japanese Ministers Masajuro Shiokawa and Kiyoshi Mizuno Visit China
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
<正>At the invitation of the CPAFFC, Japan’s former Minister of Finance Masajuro Shiokawa and former Minister of Construction Kiyoshi Mizuno visited Beijing and Tianjin from June 24 to 27. During their stay in Beijing, Tang Jiaxuan,
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Thorborg, Christoffer
2016-01-01
A conversation with Professor Anders Abraham about his artistic development work and the role of fine arts in the architectural tradition.......A conversation with Professor Anders Abraham about his artistic development work and the role of fine arts in the architectural tradition....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jensen, Hans Jørgen Lundager
2015-01-01
økonomi og slægtskabsrelationer. I Mary Douglas' Grid/Group-skema vil Abraham stå i samme grad fjernt fra præsteligt-hierarkiske og deuteronomistisk-enklavistiske idealer, De pietistiske og etnocentriske temaer som den bibelske tekstoverleveringsproces har tilføjet Abraham-figuren, har ikke tildækket en...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Helio Afonso Ghizoni Teive
2013-09-01
Full Text Available The authors present a historical review of the contribution of Professor Abraham Akerman to Brazilian neurology, including the famous sign known as “the Alajouanine-Akerman unstable ataxic hand”.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Holst, Søren
2005-01-01
The Dead Sea Scrolls, including the Book of Jubilees copiously attested at Qumran, depict Abraham as a Jew living by the Mosaic rules long before they were first given. This is an early example of coopting the patriarch in order to guarantee the primacy of one's own religious tradition...
Abraham Kuyper as kerkregkundige
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C. J. Smit
1989-06-01
Full Text Available As partyman was Kuyper onbetwis Abraham die Geweldige. As kerkregkundige was hy die man vir sintese, die man wat teenstellende filosofiee en teologiese strominge met sy verstommende intellektuele vermoe kon absorbeer en dit dan tot ’n nuwe weg kon verwerk. Hierin lê Kuyper se oorspronklikheid: dat hy deur sintese uit teenstrydige gedagterigtings ’n nuwe weg na die ou Gereformeerde kerkreg kon aantoon en dat hy na die eise van sy tyd op die ou leer kon voortbou.
The dentition of Abraham's people. Why Abraham left Mesopotamia.
Neiburger, E J; Cohen, M; Lieberman, J; Lieberman, M
1998-11-01
Ancient Mesopotamia (southern Iraq) in 2000 B.C. was the home of the biblical figure Abraham and his people. An analysis of skeletal material from cemeteries in the ancient cities of Ur (birthplace of Abraham) and Kish shows a homogeneous, short-lived population that suffered severe dental attrition (95 percent of inhabitants), periodontal disease (42 percent) and caries (two percent). Many oral congenital and neoplastic lesions were noted Skeletal (dental) evidence indicates the population suffered from extensive disease and nutritional deficiency. Of special note was a possible case of endodontic treatment. The people of Abraham had modern dentition but relatively poor dental health. It is probable that Abraham, if in truth he existed, left Mesopotamia because of the threat of famine, as evidenced by biblical record, geologic strata and dental analysis.
TOWARDS AN ABRAHAMIC ECUMENISM? THE SEARCH FOR ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Hans Küng and others in search for a way in which Islam, Judaism and Christianity can live peacefully ... 9/11, the concept of Abrahamic ecumenism was already proposed in. Europe as a ... organise their life according to the message recorded by Mohammed in ... At the end of his book Streit um Abraham, he gives a.
Experimental evidence for Abraham pressure of light
Zhang, Li; She, Weilong; Peng, Nan; Leonhardt, Ulf
2015-05-01
The question of how much momentum light carries in media has been debated for over a century. Two rivalling theories, one from 1908 by Hermann Minkowski and the other from 1909 by Max Abraham, predict the exact opposite when light enters an optical material: a pulling force in Minkowski's case and a pushing force in Abraham's. Most experimental tests have agreed with Minkowski's theory, but here we report the first quantitative experimental evidence for Abraham's pushing pressure of light. Our results matter in optofluidics and optomechanics, and wherever light exerts mechanical pressure.
[Salzburg 1908. Karl Abraham caught between Freud and Jung].
van Schoonheten, Anna Bentinck
2010-01-01
The first psychoanalytic congress in Salzburg has often been described as a great success with one blemish: a conflict between Jung and Abraham, mainly caused by the rivalry in Abraham's behaviour. A new study of the material, and taking Abraham's perspective, provides a different view. Abraham, still a beginner in psychoanalysis, got in the way of Freud and Jung who at that time had a deep theoretical disagreement. In the end they both blamed Abraham.
The Understanding of Abraham in Genesis
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Xiaoxi; Qu Caie
2008-01-01
An understanding of the book of Genesis and its message is essential to the study of the Bible from which we know how the world and human beings come into existence in the ancient Hebrews'eyes.The greater part of the book Genesis is about four men's stories─ Abraham,Issac,Jacob,and Joseph.In this paper,Abraham's remarkable personalities will be examined thoroughly through taking some stories which are mainly included in Genesis12-25.
Noort, van P.C.M.
2013-01-01
Abraham solvation equations find widespread use in environmental chemistry and pharmaco-chemistry. The coefficients in these equations, which are solvent (system) descriptors, are usually determined by fitting experimental data. To simplify the determination of these coefficients in Abraham solvatio
Updated Abraham solvation parameters for polychlorinated biphenyls
van Noort, P.C.M.; Haftka, J.J.H.; Parsons, J.R.
2010-01-01
This study shows that the recently published polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) Abraham solvation parameters predict PCB air−n-hexadecane and n-octanol−water partition coefficients very poorly, especially for highly ortho-chlorinated congeners. Therefore, an updated set of PCB solvation parameters was d
Fisher Matrix Preloaded -- Fisher4Cast
Bassett, Bruce A; Hlozek, Renée; Kotze, Jacques
2009-01-01
The Fisher Matrix is the backbone of modern cosmological forecasting. We describe the Fisher4Cast software: a general-purpose, easy-to-use, Fisher Matrix framework. It is open source, rigorously designed and tested and includes a Graphical User Interface (GUI) with automated LATEX file creation capability and point-and-click Fisher ellipse generation. Fisher4Cast was designed for ease of extension and, although written in Matlab, is easily portable to open-source alternatives such as Octave and Scilab. Here we use Fisher4Cast to present new 3-D and 4-D visualisations of the forecasting landscape and to investigate the effects of growth and curvature on future cosmological surveys. Early releases have been available at http://www.cosmology.org.za since May 2008 with 750 downloads in the first year. Version 2.0 is made public with this paper and includes a Quick Start guide and the code used to produce the figures in this paper, in the hope that it will be useful to the cosmology and wider scientific communitie...
A Comparison between Abraham and Minkowski Momenta
Testa, Massimo
2016-01-01
In this paper I compare the Abraham and the Minkowski forms for the momentum pertaining to an electromagnetic wave inside a dielectric or a magnetic material. The discussion is based on a careful treatment of the surface charges and currents and of the forces acting on them. While in the dielectric case the Abraham momentum is certainly more appealing from the physical point of view, for a magnetic material it suggests an interpretation in terms of magnetic charges and re- lated magnetic currents. The Minkowski momentum for magnetic non conducting materials, on the contrary, has a natural interpretation in terms of an amperian model, in which the dynamics is determined by the Lorentz force acting on bulk and surface electric currents.
[Karl Abraham, Freud's scapegoat and, guide to understanding the truth].
Cremerius, J
1997-01-01
The history of the relationship between Freud and Abraham is characterized by the presence of third parties. There was always another, more favored one of Freud's disciples between Freud and Abraham. The first of these, from 1907 to 1912, was C.G. Jung. The second, fifteen years later, was Otto Rank. (I will omit Ferenczi, because his relationship with Freud only entered its dramatic final stage after Abraham's death.) Both Jung and Rank eventually showed signs of deviating from Freud's theories, and Abraham, as the guardian of those teachings, called attention to this. As a result, complicated triangles arose between Freud, Abraham and the favored son of the moment. Because of Freud's preference for these psychoanalytic sons, a preference of which he himself was not consciously aware, he resisted Abraham's attacks on them and felt them to be unfounded and destructive. Confusing cause with effect he blamed Abraham for the danger to the psychoanalytic movement which ensued from three conflicts. Freud loved and protected the apostates and made the defender of his theories into a scapegoat. When, however, the apostasy eventually became apparent, Freud renounced whoever was concerned and rehabilitated Abraham. However, until the final separation from the love object, Freud wavered between rejection and affection, hope and disappointment. Then, feeling deceived and betrayed, Freud's love turned to hate.
Analisis Konsep Abrahamic Faiths dan Kaitannya dengan Pluralisme Agama
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Khadijah Mohd Khambali @ Hambali
2012-12-01
Full Text Available Abrahamic Faiths often referred to Judaism, Christianity and Islam that put this categorization based on a number of features common to all three religions in the same cluster. Terminology of Abrahamic Faiths within the contemporary real-world comparative religion has been manipulated by leaders to strengthen the concept of religious pluralism is not only related to the Abrahamic Faiths, but also related to wad'i religions on the basis of prophetic chronology of Abraham. In reality, the position of Abrahamic Faiths has evolved appropriate real philosophical doctrines that every reality is much different. Therefore, this study will reveal and analyze the concept of Abrahamic Faiths in the context of religious studies to provide clarification on the ambiguity arising out of the equation. In addition to analyzing relationship between religious pluralism that makes the concept of Abrahamic Faiths seen as one of the themes of religious generalizations on the basis of prophetic chronology equation as the way for religious tolerance.
Generalisations of Fisher Matrices
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alan Heavens
2016-06-01
Full Text Available Fisher matrices play an important role in experimental design and in data analysis. Their primary role is to make predictions for the inference of model parameters—both their errors and covariances. In this short review, I outline a number of extensions to the simple Fisher matrix formalism, covering a number of recent developments in the field. These are: (a situations where the data (in the form of ( x , y pairs have errors in both x and y; (b modifications to parameter inference in the presence of systematic errors, or through fixing the values of some model parameters; (c Derivative Approximation for LIkelihoods (DALI - higher-order expansions of the likelihood surface, going beyond the Gaussian shape approximation; (d extensions of the Fisher-like formalism, to treat model selection problems with Bayesian evidence.
Generalisations of Fisher Matrices
Heavens, Alan
2016-01-01
Fisher matrices play an important role in experimental design and in data analysis. Their primary role is to make predictions for the inference of model parameters - both their errors and covariances. In this short review, I outline a number of extensions to the simple Fisher matrix formalism, covering a number of recent developments in the field. These are: (a) situations where the data (in the form of (x,y) pairs) have errors in both x and y; (b) modifications to parameter inference in the presence of systematic errors, or through fixing the values of some model parameters; (c) Derivative Approximation for LIkelihoods (DALI) - higher-order expansions of the likelihood surface, going beyond the Gaussian shape approximation; (d) extensions of the Fisher-like formalism, to treat model selection problems with Bayesian evidence.
Recurrent Miller Fisher syndrome.
Madhavan, S; Geetha; Bhargavan, P V
2004-07-01
Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is a variant of Guillan Barre syndrome characterized by the triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and areflexia. Recurrences are exceptional with Miller Fisher syndrome. We are reporting a case with two episodes of MFS within two years. Initially he presented with partial ophthalmoplegia, ataxia. Second episode was characterized by full-blown presentation characterized by ataxia, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia. CSF analysis was typical during both episodes. Nerve conduction velocity study was fairly within normal limits. MRI of brain was within normal limits. He responded to symptomatic measures initially, then to steroids in the second episode. We are reporting the case due to its rarity.
Resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski Controversy
Mansuripur, Masud
2012-01-01
The momentum of light inside ponderable media has an electromagnetic part and a mechanical part. The local and instantaneous density of the electromagnetic part of the momentum is given by the Poynting vector divided by the square of the speed of light in vacuum, irrespective of the nature of the electromagnetic fields or the local or global properties of the material media. The mechanical part of the momentum is associated with the action of the electromagnetic field on the atomic constituents of the media, as specified by the Lorentz law of force. Proper interpretation and application of the Maxwell-Lorentz equations within the material bodies as well as at their surfaces and interfaces is all that is needed to obtain a complete picture of the momentum of light, including detailed numerical values at each and every point in space and time. That the Abraham-Minkowski controversy surrounding the momentum of light inside material media has persisted for nearly a century is due perhaps to an insufficient apprec...
Moet Abraham sy kind offer? ’n Etiese beoordeling
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Henk Stoker
2014-02-01
Full Text Available Abraham aanvaar die opdrag sonder om vir sy seun in te tree. Sy optrede – so anders as sy vorige optrede in belang van mense – kan net verstaan word teen die agtergrond van God se belofte van ’n groot en geseënde nageslag deur hierdie seun. Abraham moes besef het dat dit ’n toets vir sy vertroue in die belofte en almag van God was. Die feit dat Abraham se aanvaarding van die opdrag nie net as eties korrek beskryf kan word nie, maar volgens die Bybel ook as ’n geloofsdaad gesien moet word, word indringend bespreek. Die etiese beoordeling vind onder andere plaas na aanleiding van die normatiwiteit van lewe, die beginsels van liefde en gehoorsaamheid, ontsag vir God, en ’n deontologiese beoordeling volgens die motief, doel, middel en gevolg.Did Abraham have to sacrifice his child? An ethical assessment. In Genesis 22 the God of the Bible commanded Abraham to sacrifice his child. Abraham accepted the command without interceding for his son. His actions – so different from his previous actions on behalf of people – can only be understood against the backdrop of God’s promise of many and blessed descendants through this son. Abraham would have realised that it was a test for his faith in the promise and omnipotence of God. The fact that Abraham’s acceptance of the assignment can not only be described as ethically just, but also be seen in accordance to the Bible, as an act of faith, are discussed in depth. The ethical assessment takes place, amongst others, according to the normativity of life, the principles of love and obedience, reverence for God, and an assessment of motive, aim, means and effect.
Abraham's sacrifice in the Qur'an: beyond the body
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Asma Barlas
2011-01-01
Full Text Available It has been stated that the body has overtly or latently been a focal point in the history of the three Abrahamic religions’. However, Islam’s scripture, the Qur’an, does not say that Abraham (Ibrahim in Arabic binds his son’s body, nor is the body the focal point of the story—nor, indeed, is it of more than passing interest in Muslim history. This has lead me to question the tendency to homogenize the narrative of Abraham’s sacrifice and, by extension, the religions that claim their descent from him. There is no denying their family resemblance of course, but while the family may be Abraham’s, Abraham himself is not identical in the Qur’an and the Bible and neither are his trials. The term ‘Abrahamic religions’ is not very helpful here since, in spite of its linguistic pluralism, it obscures this crucial distinction between a genealogy that is shared and depictions of a common ancestor that are not. Nonetheless, it is more accurate than the standard alternative, ‘the Judeo-Christian tradition’, a phrase that papers over the fissures in this tradition while also excising Islam from what is surely an ‘interreligiously shared’ world. The author suggests that the only way to include Islam in this world does not have to be through an assimilative embrace that stifles its individuality; one could, instead, find ways to honour both the plurality of the Abrahamic tradition as well as the specificity of Islam within. The author recites the Qur’anic story of Abraham, as a way to unbind the lessons of his sacrifice from the body and also to illustrate the inappropriateness of using Isaac’s bound body as a universal template for all the Abrahamic religions.
Abraham Lincoln and the global economy.
Hormats, Robert D
2003-08-01
Abraham Lincoln would have well understood the challenges facing many modern emerging nations. In Lincoln's America, as in many developing nations today, sweeping economic change threatened older industries, traditional ways of living, and social and national cohesion by exposing economies and societies to new and powerful competitive forces. Yet even in the midst of the brutal and expensive American Civil war--and in part because of it--Lincoln and the Republican Congress enacted bold legislation that helped create a huge national market, a strong and unified economy governed by national institutions, and a rising middle class of businessmen and property owners. Figuring out how to maximize the benefits of globalization while minimizing its disruptions is a formidable challenge for policy makers. How do you expand opportunities for the talented and the lucky while making sure the rest of society doesn't fall behind? It may be helpful to look at the principles that informed the policies that Lincoln and the Republican Congress instituted after they came to power in 1861: Facilitate the upward mobility of low- and middle-income groups to give them a significant stake in the country. Emphasize the good of the national economy over regional interests. Affirm the need for sound government institutions to temper the dynamics of the free enterprise system. Tailor policies to the national situation. Realize that a period of turmoil may present a unique opportunity for reform. These principles drove the reforms that helped Americans cope with and benefit from rapid technological advances and the fast integration of the American economy in the nineteenth century. They may be instructive to today's policy makers who are struggling to help their own citizens integrate into the fast-changing global economy of the twenty-first century.
Persoalan Status Sebagai Anak-anak Abraham dalam Surat Galatia
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Samuel Benyamin Hakh
2016-04-01
Full Text Available In the apostle Pauls letter to the Galatians, one of the principal theological debate sticking to the surface is the status as children of Abraham through circumcision. Because according to a group of Jews Christian who came to Galatia, Gentile Christians shall be circumcised, and implement the law, if they want to obtain salvation. Because safety is only given to those who become the children of Abraham in full. On the other hand, Paul rejected that obligation. According to Paul, by faith in Christ, the son of Abraham, Christians in Galatia, having status as the children of Abraham and inherit the blessings of Gods promise that is salvation. In this article I argue that the debate was due on the one hand, Jewish Christian groups that cling to the tradition of circumcision because of the tradition that has been in effect since Abraham and believed to be the way of salvation, while Paul emphasis on faith and obey the decision of the council in Jerusalem that circumcision is not required for the non-Jewish.
Essays in general relativity a Festschrift for Abraham Taub
Tipler, Frank J
1981-01-01
Essays in General Relativity: A Festschrift for Abraham Taub is collection of essays to honor Professor Abraham H. Taub on the occasion of his retirement from the mathematics faculty of the University of California at Berkeley. Relativistic hydrodynamics has always been a subject dear to Taub's heart. In fact, many basic results on special relativistic fluid flows are due to him, and he has been a major contributor to the study of fluid flows near shocks. The book contains 16 chapters and begins with a discussion of a geometrical approach to general relativity. This is followed by separate cha
Abraham Guillen: A Relevant Theory for Contemporary Guerrilla Warfare
2015-05-23
www.portaloaca.com/ historia / biografias/3382-biografia-de-abraham-Guillén-un-economista-libertario.html. 7 prudent to start with his personal...in 1939, Guillén fled to France in 1945 after two earlier attempts to escape prison.28 In 1948, he immigrated to Argentina where he became an editor... historia /biografias/3382-biografia-de-abraham-Guillén-un-economista- libertario.html. Windrem, Robert. “US Aims to Root Out ‘Ungoverned Spaces’ as
Uni Dufour | Ig Nobel Show with Marc Abrahams | 7 May
2013-01-01
On 7 May, Marc Abrahams, founder of the Ig Nobel Prize, will give an "Ig Nobel show", in English at Uni Dufour. The Ig Nobel Prizes are an American parody of the Nobel Prizes. In early October of each year, they are awarded to ten unusual or trivial achievements in scientific research. The stated aim of the prizes is to "first make people laugh, and then make them think". Marc Abrahams will introduce this funny and dynamic evening with a short presentation before handing over to a selection of recipients. The show is free and open to all. Tuesday 7 May Ig Nobel Show 6:30 p.m. - Room U600 Uni Dufour
Quantum criticality from Fisher information
Song, Hongting; Luo, Shunlong; Fu, Shuangshuang
2017-04-01
Quantum phase transition is primarily characterized by a qualitative sudden change in the ground state of a quantum system when an external or internal parameter of the Hamiltonian is continuously varied. Investigating quantum criticality using information-theoretic methods has generated fruitful results. Quantum correlations and fidelity have been exploited to characterize the quantum critical phenomena. In this work, we employ quantum Fisher information to study quantum criticality. The singular or extremal point of the quantum Fisher information is adopted as the estimated thermal critical point. By a significant model constructed in Quan et al. (Phys Rev Lett 96: 140604, 2006), the effectiveness of this method is illustrated explicitly.
Karl Abraham, Sigmund Freud, and the fate of the seduction theory.
Good, M I
1995-01-01
Even after Freud had turned his attention away from the seduction theory of neurosogenesis, his close pupil and colleague, Karl Abraham, initially sought to investigate child sexual trauma further. In two of the very first articles on child sexual molestation, Abraham proposed that sexual abuse was particularly common among neurotic and psychotic patients as a result of a "traumatophilic diathesis," a trauma-related conceptual precursor of the repetition compulsion. In their correspondence, Freud trenchantly criticized many aspects of Abraham's papers on the subject of sexual trauma, in contrast to his public endorsement of Abraham's work in this area. For largely transferential reasons that this paper attempts to elucidate, Abraham did not encourage dialogue regarding persistent questions on the seduction issue, ceased publishing on that topic, and for some time controlled his apparently deep rankle over Freud's criticisms and failure to acknowledge Abraham's contribution to the concept of the repetition compulsion. Despite their close friendship and shared intellectual enthusiasm, Freud's response to Abraham's 1907 papers, as well as Abraham's almost uniformly positive disposition toward Freud, apparently prevented Abraham from further developing his observations and ideas on seduction and also lent background to their later clash. Subsequently, there was virtually no further psychoanalytic investigation of the subject of child sexual abuse until the issue arose briefly with Ferenczi in the early 1930s, and only occasionally after that for the next fifty years. The death of Abraham, and then Ferenczi, shortly after disputes with Freud may be among the factors that had an inhibiting effect on an earlier reconsideration of the seduction theory by others. Abraham's previously unheralded concept of traumatophilia has relevance to current clinical controversy regarding constitution and sexual trauma.
On radiation reaction and the Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac equation
de Oca, Alejandro Cabo Montes
2013-01-01
It is underlined that the Lienard-Wiechert solutions indicate that after the external force is instantly removed from a small charged particle, the field in its close neighborhood becomes a Lorentz boosted Coulomb field. It suggests that the force of the self-field on the particle should instantaneously vanish after a sudden removal of the external force. A minimal modification of Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac equation is searched seeking to implement this property. A term assuring this behavior is added to the equation by maintaining Lorentz covariance and vanishing scalar product with the four-velocity. The simple Dirac constant force example does not show runaway acceleration.
"Fisher v. Texas": Strictly Disappointing
Nieli, Russell K.
2013-01-01
Russell K. Nieli writes in this opinion paper that as far as the ability of state colleges and universities to use race as a criteria for admission goes, "Fisher v. Texas" was a big disappointment, and failed in the most basic way. Nieli states that although some affirmative action opponents have tried to put a more positive spin on the…
On Fisher Information and Thermodynamics
Fisher information is a measure of the information obtainable by an observer from the observation of reality. However, information is obtainable only when there are patterns or features to observe, and these only exist when there is order. For example, a system in perfect disor...
Optomechanical Measurement of the Abraham Force in an Adiabatic Liquid Core Optical Fiber Waveguide
Choi, H; Elliott, D S; Oh, K
2016-01-01
We report quantitative experimental measurements of the Abraham force associated with a propagating optical wave. We isolate this force using a guided light wave undergoing an adiabatic mode transformation (AMT) along a liquid-filled hollow optical fiber (HOF). Utilizing this light intensity distribution within the liquid, we were able to generate a time-averaged non-vanishing Abraham force density, while simultaneously suppressing the Abraham-Minkowski force density. The incident laser field induced a linear axial displacement of the air-liquid interface inside the HOF, which provided a direct experimental measure of the Abraham force density. We find good agreement between the experimental results and theoretical determinations of the Abraham force density
Ponderomotive forces in electrodynamics of moving media: Minkowski and Abraham approaches
Nesterenko, V V
2016-01-01
In the general setting of the problem, the explicit compact formulae are derived for the ponderomotive forces in the macroscopic electrodynamics of moving media in the Minkowski and Abraham approaches. Taking account of the Minkowski constitutive equations and making use of a special representation for the Abraham energy-momentum tensor enable one to obtain a compact expression for the Abraham force in the case of arbitrary dependence of the medium velocity on spatial coordinates and the time and for nonstationary external electromagnetic field. We term the difference between the ponderomotive forces in the Abraham and Minkowski approaches as the Abraham force not only under consideration of media at rest but also in the case of moving media. The Lorentz force is found which is exerted by external electromagnetic field on the conduction current in a medium, the covariant Ohm law and the constitutive Minkowski relations being taken into account. The physical argumentation is traced for definition of the 4-vect...
Janke, W; Stathakopoulos, M
2002-01-01
We show that it is possible to determine the locus of Fisher zeroes in the thermodynamic limit for the Ising model on planar (``fat'') phi4 random graphs and their dual quadrangulations by matching up the real part of the high- and low-temperature branches of the expression for the free energy. Similar methods work for the mean-field model on generic, ``thin'' graphs. Series expansions are very easy to obtain for such random graph Ising models.
Violencia y responsabilidad: releer el silencio de Abraham
Jerade Dana, Miriam
2011-01-01
El presente ensayo propone hacer una lectura del sacrificio de Isaac (Gén. 22) a partir de la reflexión que Derrida hace de este pasaje bíblico en Dar la muerte, en diálogo con la interpretación de Kierkegaard en Temor y temblor.La pregunta que guía nuestra lectura gira en torno a la responsabilidad en relación con el dar la muerte y el lenguaje en el silencio de Abraham.Evocaremos igualmente la reflexión tanto de Kant como de Patočka y Levinas, con el propósito de responder a la inquietud ét...
Hidden momentum and the Abraham-Minkowski debate
Saldanha, Pablo L
2016-01-01
We extend Maxwell equations and the Lorentz force law admitting the existence of magnetic charges and currents and discuss how different models for electric and magnetic dipoles do or do not carry hidden momentum under the influence of external electromagnetic fields. Based on that, we discuss how the models adopted for the electric and magnetic dipoles from the particles that compose a material medium influence the expression for the electromagnetic part of the light momentum in the medium. We show that Abraham expression is compatible with electric dipoles formed by electric charges and magnetic dipoles formed by magnetic charges, Minkowski expression is compatible with electric dipoles formed by magnetic currents and magnetic dipoles formed by electric currents, and the expression $\\varepsilon_0\\mathbf{E}\\times\\mathbf{B}$ is compatible with electric dipoles formed by electric charges and magnetic dipoles formed by electric currents, which are much more natural models.
Abraham Moles ou l’information et la communication
Mathien, Michel
2014-01-01
« Qui expose, s’expose ! », s’exclamait-il souvent. Avec la présente communication, l’auteur ne prend certainement pas la mesure du risque. Risque d’autant plus réel que ni la trajectoire ni l’appréhension des champs scientifiques d’Abraham Moles (1920-1992) ne correspondent totalement aux siennes. Bien qu’ayant passé une part de son cursus de formation en psychologie sociale sous la direction de Moles, l’auteur étudiait une « discipline » dont la conception était spécifique à son professeur....
Abraham Lincoln’s Attitudes on Slavery and Race
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jörg Nagler
2009-09-01
Full Text Available The life of Abraham Lincoln coincided with dramatic societal transformations that shaped the future of the United States. In the center of these developments stood the question whether that nation could continue to grow with the system of slavery or not. Inherently linked to that issue—that almost dissolved the nation—was the problem of racism and the future of race relations after emancipation. To examine Lincoln’s attitudes on slavery and race opens a window for us to look at his own struggles concerning these issues, but at the same time at the political and cultural contentions at large of a nation that he helped to save as President during the American Civil War. His legacy as the "Great Emancipator,” liberating over four millions slaves, has generated a controversial debate on Lincoln’s position towards race and racism.
Exactly Solvable Dielectrics and the Abraham-Minkowskii Controversy
Chafin, Clifford
2014-01-01
We present an exactly solvable model of a classical dielectric medium that gives an unambiguous local decomposition of field and charge motion and their contribution to the conserved quantities. This is done with special care to the forces that exist at surfaces, coatings and the ends of packets. The result is a mathematically simpler and more intuitive understand- ing of causality in media than the Brillouin and Sommerfeld theories and an understanding of the Kramers-Kronig relations in terms of dynamics and conservation laws. The Abraham-Minkowskii paradox is clarified from this point of view and the export of such notions to realistic media and metamaterials are discussed. This model can be extended to manifestly maintain these features as general nonlinear and time and space dependent changes in medium response are introduced and provides a universal description for all dielectrics.
La angustia de Abraham: un análisis del argumento central de Temor y Temblor
David Curry; William Vann
1995-01-01
Temor y Temblor, de Kierkegaard, escrito bajo el seudónimo de Johannesde silentio, nos ofrece una recreaciónpoética de la historia bíblica de Abraham. Johannes alaba a Abraham como el más eminente caballero de la fe, pero nuestro análisis encuentra que las caracterizaciones que hace de Abraham, como decidido y al mismo tiempo angustiado por el sacrificio de Isaac, entran en conflicto y se mantienen sin resolver. Esto, sumado a la reconocida ignorancia de Johannes en cuestiones de fe, hace que...
Incentive Ratios of Fisher Markets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chen, Ning; Deng, Xuaitue; Zhang, Hongyang
2012-01-01
In a Fisher market, a market maker sells m items to n potential buyers. The buyers submit their utility functions and money endowments to the market maker, who, upon receiving submitted information, derives market equilibrium prices and allocations of its items. While agents may benefit...... by misreporting their private information, we show that the percentage of improvement by a unilateral strategic play, called incentive ratio, is rather limited—it is less than 2 for linear markets and at most $e^{1/e}\\thickapprox 1.445$ for Cobb-Douglas markets. We further prove that both ratios are tight....
Fisher Information of Wavefunctions: Classical and Quantum
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LUO Shun-Long
2006-01-01
A parametric quantum mechanical wavefunction naturally induces parametric probability distributions by taking absolute square, and we can consider its classical Fisher information. On the other hand, it also induces parametric rank-one projections which may be viewed as density operators, and we can talk about its quantum Fisher information. Among many versions of quantum Fisher information, there are two prominent ones. The first,deiined via a quantum score function, was introduced by Helstrom in 1967 and is well known. The second,defined via the square root of the density operator, has its origin in the skew information introduced by Wigner and Yanase in 1963 and remains relatively unnoticed. This study is devoted to investigating the relationships between the classical Fisher information and these two versions of quantum Fisher information for wavefunctions.It is shown that the two versions of quantum Fisher information differ by a factor 2 and that they dominate the classical Fisher information. The non-coincidence of these two versions of quantum Fisher information may be interpreted as a manifestation of quantum discord. We further calculate the difference between the Helstrom quantum Fisher information and the classical Fisher information, and show that it is precisely the instantaneous phase fluctuation of the wavefunctions.
Rijnsdorp, Adriaan D.; Poos, Jan Jaap; Quirijns, Floor J.; HilleRisLambers, Reinier; De Wilde, Jan W.; Den Heijer, Willem M.
An analysis of the changes in the Dutch demersal fishing fleet since the 1950s revealed that competitive interactions among vessels and gear types within the constraints imposed by biological, economic and fisheries management factors are the dominant processes governing the dynamics of fishing fleets. Double beam trawling, introduced in the early 1960s, proved a successful fishing method to catch deep burying flatfish, in particular sole. In less than 10 years, the otter trawl fleet was replaced by a highly specialised beam trawling fleet, despite an initial doubling of the loss rate of vessels due to stability problems. Engine power, size of the beam trawl, number of tickler chains and fishing speed rapidly increased and fishing activities expanded into previously lightly fished grounds and seasons. Following the ban on flatfish trawling within the 12 nautical mile zone for vessels of more than 300 hp in 1975 and with the restriction of engine power to 2000 hp in 1987, the beam trawl fleet bifurcated. Changes in the fleet capacity were related to the economic results and showed a cyclic pattern with a period of 6-7 years. The arms race between fishers was fuelled by competitive interactions among fishers: while the catchability of the fleet more than doubled in the ten years following the introduction of the beam trawl, a decline in catchability was observed in reference beam trawlers that remained the same. Vessel performance was not only affected by the technological characteristics but also by the number and characteristics of competing vessels.
Ensaio sobre a natureza humana: uma reflexão a partir de Abraham Maslow
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Jonas Muriel Backendorf
2015-01-01
.... The perspective adopted here is that of the American Abraham Maslow, whose work is focused on the defense of a human nature endowed with high potential and in a sense neglected by the Western tradition...
Health at the dawn of development: the thought of Abraham Horwitz
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Pires-Alves, Fernando A; Maio, Marcos Chor
2015-01-01
The article explores the ideas of Pan American Health Organization director Abraham Horwitz on the relations between health and development at the time the Alliance for Progress was established, in 1961...
Ivan Kotliarov
2008-01-01
the present article gives an outline of a mathematical model of theories of motivation proposed by Abraham Maslow and Frederick Herzberg. This model is built on a basis of special non-continuous functions.
FREE FISHER INFORMATION AND AMALGAMATED FREENESS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孟彬; 郭懋正; 曹小红
2004-01-01
The notion of operator-valued free Fisher information was introduced.It is a generalization of free Fisher information which was defined by D.Voiculescu on tracial von Neumann algebras.It is proved that the operator-valued free Fisher information is closely related to amalgamated freeness,i.e.,the operator-valued free Fisher information of some random variables is additive if and only if these random variables are a free family with amalgamation over a subalgebra.Cramer-Rao inequality in operator-valued settings is also obtained.
Twee Bybelse Verhale van Abraham H. De Vries
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P. van der Merwe
1986-05-01
Full Text Available Abraham de Vries is not so much known as the author of Biblical stories, but two stories can be pointed out very clearly as belonging to this category. These stories are "Skoenmaker diepe water" from Volmoed se gasie and "Die verdeling van die kind” from Vliegoog.The first story, "Skoenmaker diepe water”, refers to Matthew 14:22 - 32 in which Jesus walks on water. In this story the fairy tale given appears at the first level, and the religious motif on the second level. The main character, Vel Binneman, is clearly depicted in the story as being the true believer. “Die verdeling van die kind” also has a Biblical background, and then Herod's infanticide in Bethlehem of which we read in Matthew 2:16 as well as the crucifixion of Christ. In the story It is not only the Biblical motif that is dealt with, but there is a strong Palestinian and New Testament aura. "Die verdeling van die kind” can, with the data at our disposal, be interpreted as a new crucifixion, and the story in fact does become an illustration of God’s redeeming grace.
Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac Equation in 5D Stuekelberg Electrodynamics
Land, Martin
2016-01-01
We derive the Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac (ALD) equation in the framework of the electrodynamic theory associated with Stueckelberg manifestly covariant canonical mechanics. In this framework, a particle worldline is traced out through the evolution of an event $x^\\mu(\\tau)$. By admitting unconstrained commutation relations between the positions and velocities, the associated electromagnetic gauge fields are in general dependent on the parameter $\\tau$, which plays the role of time in Newtonian mechanics. Standard Maxwell theory emerges from this system as a $\\tau$-independent equilibrium limit. In this paper, we calculate the $\\tau$-dependent field induced by an arbitrarily evolving event, and study the long-range radiation part, which is seen to be an on-shell plane wave of the Maxwell type. Following Dirac's method, we obtain an expression for the finite part of the self-interaction, which leads to the ALD equation that generalizes the Lorentz force. This third-order differential equation is then converted to an...
Legends about Legends: Abraham Eleazar's Adaptation of Nicolas Flamel.
Priesner, Claus
2016-02-01
This paper explores the relationship between three illustrated alchemical treatises, all of which are associated with Jewish adepts: the famous Le Livre des figures hieroglyphiques attributed to Nicolas Flamel, and two treatises published in 1735 in Erfurt-the Uraltes Chymisches Werckh and the Donum Dei. The Werckh is supposedly written by Rabbi Abraham Eleazar, while the Donum Dei is attributed to an ancient alchemist-cabalist, Rabbi Samuel Baruch. I argue that these authors are fictitious, and that both works were in fact written in the early eighteenth century by their supposed editor, the probably pseudonymous Julius Gervasius. Gervasius connects the Werckh with the legend of Nicolas Flamel by suggesting that it is based on the original, Jewish manuscript which helped Flamel to find the Stone of the Sages. Gervasius used various strategies to confer a sense of Jewish "authenticity" on these works, borrowing from contemporary (non-Jewish) perceptions of Jewish ritual, Hebrew language, and Christian Cabala. The Werckh also borrows and adapts a sequence of allegorical illustrations from those in pseudo-Flamel's Livre, and I compare the two sets of figures and, where possible, interpret them. I conclude that the later works in fact teach us far more about the state of alchemy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries than they do about either medieval alchemy or Judaism.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Omomia, O. Austin
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Abrahamic faiths refer to the three most popular religions that traced their origin to Abraham. These religions are Judaism (the earliest of the three, Christianity and Islam (Islam is commonly adjudged as the most recent.This paper examined the common worship, customs and other religious ceremonies prevalent among the Abrahamic faiths. It also identified the common areas of agreement between the Abrahamic faiths with regards to the common religious related customs. It is on this strength that the paper argued that the Abrahamic faiths should emphasize on areas of unity rather than widen the gulf of disagreement. The paper employed the historical and sociological methods of investigation. It is recommended that the Abrahamic faiths should explore areas of unity in order to strengthen the cord of tolerance and peace in the world in general and Nigeria in particular.
Fisher Information, Sustainability, Development and Political Instability
Fisher information is a measure of order inherent in the timer series data for any dynamic system. We have computed the Fisher Information for nation-states using the data from 1960 to 1997 from the State Instability Task Force. We find that nation-states fall into two categories...
Ponderomotive forces in electrodynamics of moving media: The Minkowski and Abraham approaches
Nesterenko, V. V.; Nesterenko, A. V.
2016-09-01
In the general setting of the problem, the explicit compact formulae are derived for the ponderomotive forces in the macroscopic electrodynamics of moving media in the Minkowski and Abraham approaches. Taking account of the Minkowski constitutive relations and making use of a special representation for the Abraham energy-momentum tensor enable one to obtain a compact expression for the Abraham force in the case of arbitrary dependence of the medium velocity on spatial coordinates and the time and for nonstationary external electromagnetic field. We term the difference between the ponderomotive forces in the Abraham and Minkowski approaches as the Abraham force not only under consideration of media at rest but also in the case of moving media. The Lorentz force is found which is exerted by external electromagnetic field on the conduction current in a medium, the covariant Ohm law, and the constitutive Minkowski relations being taken into account. The physical argumentation is traced for the definition of the 4-vector of the ponderomotive force as the 4-divergence of the energy-momentum tensor of electromagnetic field in a medium.
La angustia de Abraham: un análisis del argumento central de Temor y Temblor
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David Curry
1995-06-01
Full Text Available Temor y Temblor, de Kierkegaard, escrito bajo el seudónimo de Johannesde silentio, nos ofrece una recreaciónpoética de la historia bíblica de Abraham. Johannes alaba a Abraham como el más eminente caballero de la fe, pero nuestro análisis encuentra que las caracterizaciones que hace de Abraham, como decidido y al mismo tiempo angustiado por el sacrificio de Isaac, entran en conflicto y se mantienen sin resolver. Esto, sumado a la reconocida ignorancia de Johannes en cuestiones de fe, hace que la representación de la fe en Temor y Temblor no sea convincente. Sólo en sus obras tardías Kierkegaard concilia estas dificultades introduciendo una condición "metaestable" de la fe.
van Noort, Paul C M
2012-04-01
Abraham solvation equations find widespread use in environmental chemistry. Until now, the intercept in these equations was determined by fitting experimental data. To simplify the determination of the coefficients in Abraham solvation equations, this study derives theoretical expressions for the value of the intercept for various partition processes. To that end, a modification of the description of the Ben-Naim standard state into the van der Waals volume is proposed. Differences between predicted and fitted values of the Abraham solvation equation intercept for the enthalpy of solvation, the entropy of solvation, solvent-water partitioning, air-solvent partitioning, partitioning into micelles, partitioning into lipid membranes and lipids, and chromatographic retention indices are comparable to experimental uncertainties in these values. Copyright Â© 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Uncertainty Relations in Terms of Fisher Information
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LUO Shun-Long
2001-01-01
By virtue of the well-known concept of Fisher information in the theory of statistical inference, we obtain an inequality chain which generalizes and refines the conventional Heisenberg uncertainty relations.``
[Pathophysiology of Ataxia in Fisher Syndrome].
Kuwabara, Satoshi
2016-12-01
Fisher syndrome is regarded as a peculiar inflammatory neuropathy associated with ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia. The disorder is associated with preceding infection, cerebrospinal fluid albumino-cytological dissociation, and spontaneous recovery, and regarded as a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome. The discovery of anti-GQ1b IgG antibodies led to dramatic advances in understanding the pathophysiology of Fisher syndrome. The lesions in Fisher syndrome are determined by expression of ganglioside GQ1b in the human nervous system. This review article focuses on the pathophysiology of ataxia in Fisher syndrome. Current evidence suggests that antibody attack on Group Ia neurons in the dorsal root ganglia is mainly responsible for the sensory ataxia. Involvement of the muscle spindles might also contribute to the development of ataxia.
Artisanal Fishers' Use of Sustainable Fisheries Management ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Artisanal Fishers' Use of Sustainable Fisheries Management Practices in the Jebba Lake ... as key stakeholders in fisheries policy formulation, implementation and evaluation. ... Keywords: Fisheries, Policy, Environment and Management ...
The Fisher Market Game: Equilibrium and Welfare
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Branzei, Simina; Chen, Yiling; Deng, Xiaotie
2014-01-01
functions, which are three representative classes of utility functions in the important Constant Elasticity of Substitution (CES) family. Furthermore, to quantify the social efficiency, we prove Price of Anarchy bounds for the game when the utility functions of buyers fall into these three classes......The Fisher market model is one of the most fundamental resource allocation models in economics. In a Fisher market, the prices and allocations of goods are determined according to the preferences and budgets of buyers to clear the market. In a Fisher market game, however, buyers are strategic...... and report their preferences over goods; the market-clearing prices and allocations are then determined based on their reported preferences rather than their real preferences. We show that the Fisher market game always has a pure Nash equilibrium, for buyers with linear, Leontief, and Cobb-Douglas utility...
Neitzel, Sophie; Zwieten, van P.A.M.; Hendriksen, A.; Duggan, Deirdre; Bush, S.R.
2017-01-01
Developing world fishers are often assumed unable to comprehend fisheries management information because of their poor numerical and graphical literacy. This study questions this assumption by assessing the extent to which small-scale tuna fishers in Indonesia engaged in enumeration programs are
Technology Staff-Development and Support Programs: Applying Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.
Bailey, Gerald D.; Pownell, David
1998-01-01
Presents Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs (physiological, safety, belonging, esteem, self-actualization) as a model for developing technology training and support for teachers, identifies basic technology-related needs that must be met before higher levels of technology integration can be achieved, and offers seven implications to help…
Energy secretary Spencer Abraham announces department of energy 20-year science facility plan
2003-01-01
"In a speech at the National Press Club today, U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham outlined the Department of Energy's Office of Science 20-year science facility plan, a roadmap for future scientific facilities to support the department's basic science and research missions. The plan prioritizes new, major scientific facilities and upgrades to current facilities" (1 page).
Noort, van P.C.M.
2012-01-01
braham solvation equations find widespread use in environmental chemistry. Until now, the intercept in these equations was determined by fitting experimental data. To simplify the determination of the coefficients in Abraham solvation equations, this study derives theoretical expressions for the val
A hitherto unknown edition of the Spanish Psalter by Abraham Usque (Ferrara 1554
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Leoni, Aron di Leone
2001-06-01
Full Text Available The Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele in Roma owns a Psalter in Spanish published in 1554 by Abraham Usque. It is the matter of a hitherto unknown second edition of the Psalterium printed in Ferrara in 1553. From the «Prologo» we learn that Abraham Usque was not only a simple printer but also the editor and one of the translators of this book. He also stated to have worked at the translation of the Biblia en lengua Española (Ferrara 1553 together with eminent scholars.
En la Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele de Roma se conserva un Salterio en español publicado en 1554 por Abraham Usque. Se trata de una segunda edición hasta ahora desconocida de su Psalterium impreso en Ferrara en 1553. Por su «Prologo» sabemos que Abraham Usque no actuó sólo como un mero impresor sino que también participó en la edición y fue uno de los traductores del libro. En dicho «Prologo» afirma asimismo que, junto con otros eminentes eruditos, había trabajado en la traducción de la Biblia en lengua Española (Ferrara 1553.
Abraham's discovery of the 'bad mother'. A contribution to the history of the theory of depression.
May, U
2001-04-01
The author shows how, after Freud struggled in vain from the 1890s to develop a theory of depression, Abraham succeeded for the first time in finding an approach to the understanding of depression a few years before the publication of Freud's 'Mourning and melancholia'. It is contained in his study of the painter Giovanni Segantini (1911), which also includes a description, imbued with a new atmospheric quality, of the mother-son relationship that centres on the concept of the 'bad mother'. The author points out that Abraham's 'good/bad' dimension is effectively absent from Freud's published work up to 1911 and is also at variance with his view of the relationship between son and mother. In later contributions, too, Abraham maintained that unconscious hate directed at the mother, who is experienced as 'bad' but longed for as 'good', was a central factor in the aetiology of depression, a view he had to defend vis-à-vis Freud. The author contends that in the Segantini paper Abraham was describing an inner world similar to that evinced by the work of Melanie Klein and significantly different from Freud's. It is characterised by hate, revenge, death wishes and guilt feelings on the one hand and tranquillity and inner peace on the other.
Technology Staff-Development and Support Programs: Applying Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.
Bailey, Gerald D.; Pownell, David
1998-01-01
Presents Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs (physiological, safety, belonging, esteem, self-actualization) as a model for developing technology training and support for teachers, identifies basic technology-related needs that must be met before higher levels of technology integration can be achieved, and offers seven implications to help…
Corriveau, Kathleen H.; Kim, Angie L.; Schwalen, Courtney E.; Harris, Paul L.
2009-01-01
Based on the testimony of others, children learn about a variety of figures that they never meet. We ask when and how they are able to differentiate between the historical figures that they learn about (e.g., Abraham Lincoln) and fantasy characters (e.g., Harry Potter). Experiment 1 showed that both younger (3- and 4-year-olds) and older children…
Corriveau, Kathleen H.; Kim, Angie L.; Schwalen, Courtney E.; Harris, Paul L.
2009-01-01
Based on the testimony of others, children learn about a variety of figures that they never meet. We ask when and how they are able to differentiate between the historical figures that they learn about (e.g., Abraham Lincoln) and fantasy characters (e.g., Harry Potter). Experiment 1 showed that both younger (3- and 4-year-olds) and older children…
Pattern Classification of Signals Using Fisher Kernels
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Yashodhan Athavale
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The intention of this study is to gauge the performance of Fisher kernels for dimension simplification and classification of time-series signals. Our research work has indicated that Fisher kernels have shown substantial improvement in signal classification by enabling clearer pattern visualization in three-dimensional space. In this paper, we will exhibit the performance of Fisher kernels for two domains: financial and biomedical. The financial domain study involves identifying the possibility of collapse or survival of a company trading in the stock market. For assessing the fate of each company, we have collected financial time-series composed of weekly closing stock prices in a common time frame, using Thomson Datastream software. The biomedical domain study involves knee signals collected using the vibration arthrometry technique. This study uses the severity of cartilage degeneration for classifying normal and abnormal knee joints. In both studies, we apply Fisher Kernels incorporated with a Gaussian mixture model (GMM for dimension transformation into feature space, which is created as a three-dimensional plot for visualization and for further classification using support vector machines. From our experiments we observe that Fisher Kernel usage fits really well for both kinds of signals, with low classification error rates.
The Baryonic Tully-Fisher Relation.
McGaugh; Schombert; Bothun; de Blok WJ
2000-04-20
We explore the Tully-Fisher relation over five decades in stellar mass in galaxies with circular velocities ranging over 30 less, similarVc less, similar300 km s-1. We find a clear break in the optical Tully-Fisher relation: field galaxies with Vc less, similar90 km s-1 fall below the relation defined by brighter galaxies. These faint galaxies, however, are very rich in gas; adding in the gas mass and plotting the baryonic disk mass Md=M*+Mgas in place of luminosity restores the single linear relation. The Tully-Fisher relation thus appears fundamentally to be a relation between rotation velocity and total baryonic mass of the form Md~V4c.
Fisher Equation for a Decaying Brane
Ghoshal, Debashis
2011-01-01
We consider the inhomogeneous decay of an unstable D-brane. The dynamical equation that describes this process (in light-cone time) is a variant of the non-linear reaction-diffusion equation that first made its appearance in the pioneering work of (Luther and) Fisher and appears in a variety of natural phenomena.
After "Fisher": Academic Review and Judicial Scrutiny
La Noue, George R.
2013-01-01
This article describes the outcomes of the case "Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin," in which the plaintiff had accused the University of Texas (UT) of racial discrimination in the admission process. The author believes that the ruling of the court in this case makes it harder to hide race-based measures used in college admissions.…
Robustifying Descriptor Instability using Fisher Vectors
I. Everts; J.C. van Gemert; T. Mensink; T. Gevers
2014-01-01
Many computer vision applications, including image classification, matching, and retrieval use global image representations, such as the Fisher vector, to encode a set of local image patches. To describe these patches, many local descriptors have been designed to be robust against lighting changes a
Fisher information and Rényi dimensions: A thermodynamical formalism
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Godó, B.; Nagy, Á. [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Debrecen, H–4002 Debrecen (Hungary)
2016-08-15
The relation between the Fisher information and Rényi dimensions is established: the Fisher information can be expressed as a linear combination of the first and second derivatives of the Rényi dimensions with respect to the Rényi parameter β. The Rényi parameter β is the parameter of the Fisher information. A thermodynamical description based on the Fisher information with β being the inverse temperature is introduced for chaotic systems. The link between the Fisher information and the heat capacity is emphasized, and the Fisher heat capacity is introduced.
Some new exact solutions to the Burgers-Fisher equation and generalized Burgers-Fisher equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jiang Lu; Guo Yu-Cui; Xu Shu-Jiang
2007-01-01
Some new exact solutions of the Burgers-Fisher equation and generalized Burgers-Fisher equation have been obtained by using the first integral method. These solutions include exponential function solutions, singular solitary wave solutions and some more complex solutions whose figures are given in the article. The result shows that the first integral method is one of the most effective approaches to obtain the solutions of the nonlinear partial differential equations.
Fisher Etkisinin Türkiye Verileri ile Testi = The Analysis of Fisher Effect Using Turkish Data
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Cem KADILAR
2006-01-01
Full Text Available In this study, the Fisher effect, which claims that there is one to one long-term relationship between the inflation rate and the long-term nominal interest rate, has been tested using Turkish quarterly data over the 1987(I- 2004(4 periods. Here, ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration newly developed by Pesaran et al. (2001 in applied econometrics is used. Results support the Fisher effect.
The Orden de oraciones de mes arreo (Ferrara 1555 and a Bakasah composed by Abraham Usque
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Herzfeld, Siegfried
2002-06-01
Full Text Available The British Library owns the only known copy of a prayer-book composed in 1555 by Abraham Usque: the Libro de Oraciones de mes arreo. Usque was well aware of the difficulties, encountered by many former Marranos still unfamiliar with Jewish liturgy, to follow the sometime long and complicated synagogue service. Abraham tried to provide a simplified version of the Siddur and abridged some part of it. In the Prologue he claimed to have presented the prayers in a plain and straight way (arreo: without the necessity of having to leaf through the book to find the continuation of the service. Abraham inserted in his Siddur a new prayer by which he asked the Lord to put an end to the sufferings of Israel, to raise up a scion of David and to restore His people to its ancient glory and dignity. The Author wanted to provide a reassuring answer to the anxieties and hopes of his generation. Likewise the Jews who left Spain in 1492, also the Portuguese Marranos who reached Ferrara towards the middle of the XVIcentury, continued to cherish the deeply rooted cultural values of their erstwhile homeland and considered their departure from Iberian Peninsula as a most catastrophic event. Abraham Usque asked the Lord to be content with the punishments already inflicted to His people and to grant His pardon to the sons of Israel who had completely abandoned every idolatrie practice.La British Library conserva la única copia conocida de un libro de oraciones compuesto en 1555 por Abraham Usque: el Libro de Oraciones de mes arreo. Usque era consciente de las dificultades que tenían muchos de los antiguos marranos, aún no familiarizados con la liturgia judía, en seguir el a veces largo y complicado servicio de la sinagoga. Abraham trató de proporcionar una versión simplificada del sidur, y lo abrevió en parte. En el Prólogo afirmó que había presentado las oraciones de un modo llano y directo (arreo, sin que hubiera necesidad de hojear el libro en busca de la
Abraham Willink: impulsor de la descentralización de la entomología argentina
Claps, Lucia Elena; Claps, Guillermo Luis; Navarro, Fernando Ruben
2015-01-01
We present a synthesis of the main activities developed by Abraham Willink (1920-1998) in relation to science in Argentina, particularly referring to entomology. We provide information about his personal life, his career at the university, particularly as related to the development of postgraduate studies and training of human resources in the Facultad de Ciencias Naturales e Instituto Miguel Lillo de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Argentina. We highlight his background in the systematic...
Fisher's "Scale-Book": An Early Attempt at Educational Measurement.
Cadenhead, Kenneth; Robinson, Richard
1987-01-01
The authors report on the discovery of a nineteenth century document that illustrates an early example of educational measurement, namely the "Scale-Book" developed by George Fisher (1862). The text of Fisher's document is appended. (TJH)
An early "Atkins' Diet": RA Fisher analyses a medical "experiment".
Senn, Stephen
2006-04-01
A study on vitamin absorption which RA Fisher analysed for WRG Atkins and co-authored with him is critically examined. The historical background as well as correspondence between Atkins and Fisher is presented.
La Descrittione di tutta Italia di Leandro Alberti e il Theatrum Orbis Terrarum di Abraham Ortelius
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Silvia Gaiga
2014-10-01
Full Text Available Leandro Alberti’s Descrittione di tutta Italia and Abraham Ortelius’ Theatrum Orbis TerrarumIn her essay on the Italian sources informing Abraham Ortelius’ pioneering Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, Silvia Gaiga first demonstrates the enduring international impact of Leandro Alberti’s Descrittione di tutta Italia. Alberti’s chorography on the Italian peninsula quickly found a highly interested audience all over Europe, as is evidenced by its early presence in most of the academic libraries in Northern Europe. Its chorographic descriptions also informed an entrepreneurial cartographer like Abraham Ortelius when he conceived his ambitious atlas in the 1570s, a product closely linked to the emerging market of books targeting the growing group of travellers. Gaiga demonstrates that Ortelius appreciated Alberti’s suggestions particularly while addressing the erudite sections of this new audience. The versions of his atlas soon published in the vernacular, however, particularly in Dutch and German, include a radically different chorographic description of the Italian peninsula, produced by Ortelius personally and clearly directed at a kind of traveller interested in a more practical approach of his trip to Italy.
Symmetric energy-momentum tensor: the Abraham form and the explicitly covariant formula
Nesterenko, V V
2015-01-01
We compare the explicitly covariant 4-dimensional formula, recently proposed by V.P.\\ Makarov and S.A.\\ Rukhadze [Phys. Usp. {\\bf 52} 937 (2011)] for symmetric energy-momentum tensor of electromagnetic field in a medium, and the energy-momentum tensor derived by Abraham in the 3-dimensional vector form. It is shown that these two objects coincide only on the physical configuration space $\\overline \\Gamma $, formed by the field vectors and the velocity of the medium, which satisfy the constitutive relations. It should be emphasized that the 3-dimensional vector formulae for the components of the energy-momentum tensor were obtained by Abraham only on $\\overline \\Gamma $, and the task of their extension to the whole unconditional configuration space $\\Gamma$ was not posed. In order to accomplish the comparison noted above we derive the Makarov-Rukhadze formula a new by another method, namely, by generalizing the Abraham reasoning. The comparison conducted enables one to treat the Makarov-Rukhadze formula as a u...
Electromagnetic momentum in magnetic media and the Abraham-Minkowski controversy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jimenez, J L [Departamento de Fisica, Division de Ciencias Basicas e Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, Apartado Postal 21-463, Mexico DF, 04000 (Mexico); Campos, I [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 21-463, Mexico DF, 04000 (Mexico); Lopez-Marino, M A, E-mail: jlj@xanum.uam.mx, E-mail: iecampos@prodigy.net.mx, E-mail: malm@itesm.mx [Departamento de Ingenieria, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Campus Central de Veracruz, Av. E. Garza Sada 1, Apartado Postal 314, Cordoba, Veracruz, 94500 (Mexico)
2011-05-15
We explore the consequences of a force density, - (1)/c ({partial_derivative}M)/{partial_derivative}t x E, studied by some authors, for the device designed by Lai (1980 Am. J. Phys. 48 658) to analyse which definition of electromagnetic momentum density, either Minkowski's or Abraham's, is consistent with mechanical torques that arise from the change in time of a magnetic field, which produces an induced electric field that acts on free and polarization charges. It is found that Minkowski's definition is consistent with the mechanical torques associated with free charges, while Abraham's is consistent with mechanical torques associated with both free and polarization charges. We show that with this new force density Lai's work (1980 Am. J. Phys. 48 658) can be extended to include magnetic media. The results are consistent with Abraham's definition of electromagnetic momentum density, extending in this way its usefulness to magnetic media.
The geometry of the Fisher selection dynamics
Shapovalov, A V
1998-01-01
We study the Fisher model describing natural selection in a population with a diploid structure of a genome by differential- geometric methods. For the selection dynamics we introduce an affine connection which is shown to be the projectively Euclidean and the equiaffine one. The selection dynamics is reformulated similar to the motion of an effective particle moving along the geodesic lines in an 'effective external field' of a tensor type. An exact solution is found to the Fisher equations for the special case of fitness matrix associated to the effect of chromosomal imprinting of mammals. Biological sense of the differential- geometric constructions is discussed. The affine curvature is considered as a direct consequence of an allele coupling in the system. This curving of the selection dynamics geometry is related to an inhomogenity of the time flow in the course of the selection.
Fisher Information Framework for Time Series Modeling
Venkatesan, R C
2016-01-01
A robust prediction model invoking the Takens embedding theorem, whose \\textit{working hypothesis} is obtained via an inference procedure based on the minimum Fisher information principle, is presented. The coefficients of the ansatz, central to the \\textit{working hypothesis} satisfy a time independent Schr\\"{o}dinger-like equation in a vector setting. The inference of i) the probability density function of the coefficients of the \\textit{working hypothesis} and ii) the establishing of constraint driven pseudo-inverse condition for the modeling phase of the prediction scheme, is made, for the case of normal distributions, with the aid of the quantum mechanical virial theorem. The well-known reciprocity relations and the associated Legendre transform structure for the Fisher information measure (FIM, hereafter)-based model in a vector setting (with least square constraints) are self-consistently derived. These relations are demonstrated to yield an intriguing form of the FIM for the modeling phase, which defi...
Fisher information, nonclassicality and quantum revivals
Romera, Elvira; de los Santos, Francisco
2013-11-01
Wave packet revivals and fractional revivals are studied by means of a measure of nonclassicality based on the Fisher information. In particular, we show that the spreading and the regeneration of initially Gaussian wave packets in a quantum bouncer and in the infinite square-well correspond, respectively, to high and low nonclassicality values. This result is in accordance with the physical expectations that at a quantum revival wave packets almost recover their initial shape and the classical motion revives temporarily afterward.
The MDF discrimination measure: Fisher in disguise.
Loog, Marco; Duin, Robert P W; Viergever, Max A
2004-05-01
Recently, a discrimination measure for feature extraction for two-class data, called the maximum discriminating (MDF) measure (Talukder and Casasent [Neural Networks 14 (2001) 1201-1218]), was introduced. In the present paper, it is shown that the MDF discrimination measure produces exactly the same results as the classical Fisher criterion, on the condition that the two prior probabilities are chosen to be equal. The effect of unequal priors on the efficiency of the measures is also discussed.
Fisher information, nonclassicality and quantum revivals
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Romera, Elvira [Instituto Carlos I de Física Teórica y Computacional, Universidad de Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); Santos, Francisco de los, E-mail: dlsantos@onsager.ugr.es [Instituto Carlos I de Física Teórica y Computacional, Universidad de Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); Departamento de Electromagnetismo y Física de la Materia, Universidad de Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain)
2013-11-08
Wave packet revivals and fractional revivals are studied by means of a measure of nonclassicality based on the Fisher information. In particular, we show that the spreading and the regeneration of initially Gaussian wave packets in a quantum bouncer and in the infinite square-well correspond, respectively, to high and low nonclassicality values. This result is in accordance with the physical expectations that at a quantum revival wave packets almost recover their initial shape and the classical motion revives temporarily afterward.
Olympic Fisher Reintroduction Project: 2010 Progress Report
Lewis, Jeffrey C.; Happe, Patti J.; Jenkins, Kurt J.; Manson, David J.
2010-01-01
The 2010 progress report is a summary of the reintroduction, monitoring, and research efforts undertaken during the third year of the Olympic fisher reintroduction project. Jeffrey C. Lewis of Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Patti J. Happe of Olympic National Park, and Kurt J. Jenkins of U. S. Geological Survey are the principal investigators of the monitoring and research program associated with the reintroduction. David J. Manson of Olympic National Park is the lead biological technician.
Olympic Fisher Reintroduction Project- 2009 Progress Report
Lewis, Jeffrey C.; Happe, Patti J.; Jenkins, Kurt J.; Manson, David J.
2009-01-01
The 2009 progress report is a summary of the reintroduction, monitoring, and research efforts undertaken during the first two years of the Olympic fisher reintroduction project. Jeffrey C. Lewis of Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Patti J. Happe of Olympic National Park, and Kurt J. Jenkins of U. S. Geological Survey are the principal investigators of the monitoring and research program associated with the reintroduction. David J. Manson of Olympic National Park is the lead biological
Analytical solutions for the fractional Fisher's equation
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H. Kheiri
2015-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we consider the inhomogeneous time-fractional nonlinear Fisher equation with three known boundary conditions. We first apply a modified Homotopy perturbation method for translating the proposed problem to a set of linear problems. Then we use the separation variables method to solve obtained problems. In examples, we illustrate that by right choice of source term in the modified Homotopy perturbation method, it is possible to get an exact solution.
Wright and Fisher on Inbreeding and Random Drift
Crow, James F
2010-01-01
Sewall Wright and R. A. Fisher often differed, including on the meaning of inbreeding and random gene frequency drift. Fisher regarded them as quite distinct processes, whereas Wright thought that because his inbreeding coefficient measured both they should be regarded as the same. Since the effective population numbers for inbreeding and random drift are different, this would argue for the Fisher view.
77 FR 15650 - Fisher House and Other Temporary Lodging
2012-03-16
... near a VA health care facility and was constructed by and donated to VA by the Fisher House Foundation... the Fisher House and other temporary lodging program(s) at the VA health care facility of jurisdiction... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 60 RIN 2900-AN79 Fisher House and Other Temporary Lodging AGENCY: Department...
Sensor management based on fisher information gain
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Tian Kangsheng; Zhu Guangxi
2006-01-01
Multi-sensor system is becoming increasingly important in a variety of military and civilian applications. In general, single sensor system can only provide partial information about environment while multi-sensor system provides a synergistic effect, which improves the quality and availability of information. Data fusion techniques can effectively combine this environmental information from similar and/or dissimilar sensors. Sensor management, aiming at improving data fusion performance by controlling sensor behavior, plays an important role in a data fusion process. This paper presents a method using fisher information gain based sensor effectiveness metric for sensor assignment in multi-sensor and multi-target tracking applications. The fisher information gain is computed for every sensor-target pairing on each scan. The advantage for this metric over other ones is that the fisher information gain for the target obtained by multi-sensors is equal to the sum of ones obtained by the individual sensor, so standard transportation problem formulation can be used to solve this problem without importing the concept of pseudo sensor. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the method.
Chaos and quantum Fisher information in the quantum kicked top
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wang Xiao-Qian; Ma Jian; Zhang Xi-He; Wang Xiao-Guang
2011-01-01
Quantum Fisher information is related to the problem of parameter estimation. Recently, a criterion has been proposed for entanglement in multipartite systems based on quantum Fisher information. This paper studies the behaviours of quantum Fisher information in the quantum kicked top model, whose classical correspondence can be chaotic. It finds that, first, detected by quantum Fisher information, the quantum kicked top is entangled whether the system is in chaotic or in regular case. Secondly, the quantum Fisher information is larger in chaotic case than that in regular case, which means, the system is more sensitive in the chaotic case.
A Global Estimate of the Number of Coral Reef Fishers.
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Louise S L Teh
Full Text Available Overfishing threatens coral reefs worldwide, yet there is no reliable estimate on the number of reef fishers globally. We address this data gap by quantifying the number of reef fishers on a global scale, using two approaches - the first estimates reef fishers as a proportion of the total number of marine fishers in a country, based on the ratio of reef-related to total marine fish landed values. The second estimates reef fishers as a function of coral reef area, rural coastal population, and fishing pressure. In total, we find that there are 6 million reef fishers in 99 reef countries and territories worldwide, of which at least 25% are reef gleaners. Our estimates are an improvement over most existing fisher population statistics, which tend to omit accounting for gleaners and reef fishers. Our results suggest that slightly over a quarter of the world's small-scale fishers fish on coral reefs, and half of all coral reef fishers are in Southeast Asia. Coral reefs evidently support the socio-economic well-being of numerous coastal communities. By quantifying the number of people who are employed as reef fishers, we provide decision-makers with an important input into planning for sustainable coral reef fisheries at the appropriate scale.
Exploiting Same Scale Similarity in Fisher's Scheme
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Yao
2001-01-01
The method proposed by Y. Fisher is the most popular fractal image coding scheme. In his scheme, domain blocks are constrained to be twice as large as range blocks in order to ensure the convergence of the iterative decoding stage. However,this constraint has limited the fractal encoder to exploit the self-similarity of the original image. In order to overcome the shortcoming, a novel scheme using same-sized range and domain blocks is proposed in the paper. Experimental results show the improvements in compression performance.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Husky
2007-01-01
上季季后赛时期为了照顾开刀的女儿,费舍尔(Derek Fisher)几度奔波纽约医院与盐湖城的球场之间,虽然他几次及时出现能给爵士队带来额外的勇气,但他很清楚这样的情况并不能长久,为了家人着想,他还是得做些
Recurrent Miller fisher syndrome : a case report.
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Sitajayalakshmi S
2002-07-01
Full Text Available Miller fisher syndrome (MFS is a variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome characterized by the triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and areflexia. Recurrences are exceptional with MFS. A case with two episodes of MFS within four years is reported. He presented with findings of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, areflexia, and oropharyngeal weakness and mild distal sensory impairment during both episodes. Electrophysiological findings showed reduced compound muscle action potentials and sensory nerve action potentials with no evidence of conduction blocks. Nerve biopsy showed segmental demyelination. MRI of brain was normal. He responded well to immunoglobulins during both episodes suggesting that immunomodulating drugs have a role in the treatment of MFS.
ELOGIO DEL DOCTOR ABRAHAM APARICIO* HOMENAJE EN EL CENTENARIO DE SU NACIMIENTO
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Luis Patiño Camargo
2014-12-01
Full Text Available El 28 de noviembre de 2014 se cumplió el centenario de la muerte del académico Abraham Aparicio Cruz, en cuya casa se fundó la Sociedad de Medicina y Ciencias Naturales en 1873, que pasaría a convertirse en 1890 en la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia. El académico Aparicio también fue redactor (diríamos Editor, actualmente de la Revista Médica (ahora MEDICINA, en el siglo XIX. "Señor Presidente y Señores Académicos: A las siete y media de la noche del 3 de enero de 1873, en el santafereño barrio de San Victorino, en la casa del doctor Abraham Aparicio Cruz, nació la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia. Su fe de bautismo reza: El 3 de enero de 1873, reunidos en junta preparatoria los señores doctores Manuel Plata Azuero, Nicolás Osorio, Liborio Zerda, Leoncio Barreto y Evaristo García, convinieron en crear una sociedad que tuviese por objeto el estudio y adelanto de las ciencias médicas y naturales, así como también el dar solidaridad al cuerpo médico y unidad al ejercicio de la profesión. Provisoriamente nombró la junta presidente y secretario a los señores doctores Manuel Plata Azuero y Abraham Aparicio. El señor doctor Zerda fue comisionado para redactar el reglamento. El Secretario, A. Aparicio”....
La sátira en los Cuentos chinos de Abraham Valdelomar
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Ricardo Silva-Santisteban Ubilluz
2014-06-01
Full Text Available Abraham Valdelomar nació en Ica en 1888 y falleció trágicamente en Ayacucho en 1919, luego de una corta pero deslumbrante carrera literaria en la que acometió todos los géneros literarios. En Valdelomar se ha privilegiado al admirable cuentista que fue con detrimento del poeta, el ensayista y el dramaturgo en una obra vasta y desigual en que se destacan dos tonos nítidamente diferenciados: uno exotista y artificial y otro en que se respira y palpa el ambiente de su aldea natal.
Abraham Willink: impulsor de la descentralización de la entomología argentina
Lucía E Claps; Guillermo L. CLAPS; Navarro, Fernando R.
2013-01-01
Se presenta una síntesis de las principales actividades desarrolladas por Abraham Willink (1920-1998) en su relación con la ciencia argentina, en especial con la Entomología. Se brinda información sobre su vida personal y su trayectoria en el ámbito universitario, refiriéndose especialmente al desarrollo de los estudios de posgrado y a la formación de recursos humanos en la Facultad de Ciencias Naturales e Instituto Miguel Lillo de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Se destaca su trayectoria...
Health at the dawn of development: the thought of Abraham Horwitz.
Pires-Alves, Fernando A; Maio, Marcos Chor
2015-01-01
The article explores the ideas of Pan American Health Organization director Abraham Horwitz on the relations between health and development at the time the Alliance for Progress was established, in 1961. Taking development discourse as a public philosophy of international cooperation, the discussion centers on how Horwitz worked to mediate between health and development. Horwitz endeavored to establish arguments that highlighted the importance of social policy, especially in health; he also strove to reach different audiences and drew connections between elements like health, illness, and labor productivity, without ignoring the humanistic considerations so dear to the public health tradition.
Health at the dawn of development: the thought of Abraham Horwitz
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fernando A. Pires-Alves
2015-03-01
Full Text Available The article explores the ideas of Pan American Health Organization director Abraham Horwitz on the relations between health and development at the time the Alliance for Progress was established, in 1961. Taking development discourse as a public philosophy of international cooperation, the discussion centers on how Horwitz worked to mediate between health and development. Horwitz endeavored to establish arguments that highlighted the importance of social policy, especially in health; he also strove to reach different audiences and drew connections between elements like health, illness, and labor productivity, without ignoring the humanistic considerations so dear to the public health tradition
[Karl Abraham's revolution. From sensual sucking to oral-aggressive destruction wishes].
May, Ulrike
2010-01-01
The author argues that Abraham's paper on "The first pregenital stage of the libido" (1916-17) expounds a new conception of orality, i. e. the idea of a purposeful oral aggression directed against an object. This conception is shown to be contrary to Freud's view of orality as elaborated in his Three Essays as well as in other writings of late 1914 and early 1915. It ignores fundamental dimensions of Freud's thinking, namely the difference between autoerotism/narcissism and object love on the one hand and between libido and aggression on the other, thus representing a basic theoretical change that also had consequences for analytical practice.
An Abraham-Lorentz-like equation for the electron from the worldline variational approach to QED
Rosenfelder, R.; Schreiber, A. W.
2004-09-01
The variational equation for the mean square displacement of the electron in the polaron worldline approach to quenched QED can be cast into a form which closely resembles the classical Abraham-Lorentz equation but without the conceptual and practical diseases of the latter. The connection with delay equations describing field retardation effects is also established. As applications we solve this integro-differential equation numerically for various values of the coupling constant and cut-off and re-derive the variational approximation to the anomalous mass dimension of the electron found recently.
An Abraham-Lorentz-like equation for the electron from the worldline variational approach to QED
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rosenfelder, R. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Schreiber, A.W. [University of Adelaide, Department of Physics and Mathematical Physics, and Research Centre for the Subatomic Structure of Matter, Adelaide (Australia)
2004-09-01
The variational equation for the mean square displacement of the electron in the polaron worldline approach to quenched QED can be cast into a form which closely resembles the classical Abraham-Lorentz equation but without the conceptual and practical diseases of the latter. The connection with delay equations describing field retardation effects is also established. As applications we solve this integro-differential equation numerically for various values of the coupling constant and cut-off and re-derive the variational approximation to the anomalous mass dimension of the electron found recently. (orig.)
GeneFisher-P: variations of GeneFisher as processes in Bio-jETI
Lamprecht, Anna-Lena; Margaria, Tiziana; Steffen, Bernhard; Sczyrba, Alexander; Hartmeier, Sven; Giegerich, Robert
2008-01-01
Background PCR primer design is an everyday, but not trivial task requiring state-of-the-art software. We describe the popular tool GeneFisher and explain its recent restructuring using workflow techniques. We apply a service-oriented approach to model and implement GeneFisher-P, a process-based version of the GeneFisher web application, as a part of the Bio-jETI platform for service modeling and execution. We show how to introduce a flexible process layer to meet the growing demand for improved user-friendliness and flexibility. Results Within Bio-jETI, we model the process using the jABC framework, a mature model-driven, service-oriented process definition platform. We encapsulate remote legacy tools and integrate web services using jETI, an extension of the jABC for seamless integration of remote resources as basic services, ready to be used in the process. Some of the basic services used by GeneFisher are in fact already provided as individual web services at BiBiServ and can be directly accessed. Others are legacy programs, and are made available to Bio-jETI via the jETI technology. The full power of service-based process orientation is required when more bioinformatics tools, available as web services or via jETI, lead to easy extensions or variations of the basic process. This concerns for instance variations of data retrieval or alignment tools as provided by the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI). Conclusions The resulting service- and process-oriented GeneFisher-P demonstrates how basic services from heterogeneous sources can be easily orchestrated in the Bio-jETI platform and lead to a flexible family of specialized processes tailored to specific tasks. PMID:18460174
La obra astrológica de Abraham Ibn Ezra en dos códices castellanos
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Sainz de la Maza, Carlos
2010-12-01
Full Text Available In this article we offer a study and a commentary of Abraham Ibn Ezra’s astrological works that have been preserved in two old Spanish manuscripts translated from Hebrew in a late medieval converso environment.
En el presente artículo ofrecemos un estudio y comentario de las obras astrológicas de Abraham Ibn Ezra que han sido preservadas en dos manuscritos en castellano traducidos del hebreo en un entorno converso a finales de la Baja Edad Media.
Olympic Fisher Reintroduction Project: Progress report 2008-2011
Jeffrey C. Lewis,; Patti J. Happe,; Jenkins, Kurt J.; Manson, David J.
2012-01-01
This progress report summarizes the final year of activities of Phase I of the Olympic fisher restoration project. The intent of the Olympic fisher reintroduction project is to reestablish a self-sustaining population of fishers on the Olympic Peninsula. To achieve this goal, the Olympic fisher reintroduction project released 90 fishers within Olympic National Park from 2008 to 2010. The reintroduction of fishers to the Olympic Peninsula was designed as an adaptive management project, including the monitoring of released fishers as a means to (1) evaluate reintroduction success, (2) investigate key biological and ecological traits of fishers, and (3) inform future reintroduction, monitoring, and research efforts. This report summarizes reintroduction activities and preliminary research and monitoring results completed through December 2011. The report is non-interpretational in nature. Although we report the status of movement, survival, and home range components of the research, we have not completed final analyses and interpretation of research results. Much of the data collected during the monitoring and research project will be analyzed and interpreted in the doctoral dissertation being developed by Jeff Lewis; the completion of this dissertation is anticipated prior to April 2013. We anticipate that this work, and analyses of other data collected during the project, will result in several peer-reviewed scientific publications in ecological and conservation journals, which collectively will comprise the final reporting of work summarized here. These publications will include papers addressing post-release movements, survival, resource selection, food habits, and age determination of fishers.
Observaciones gramaticales en el comentario de Abraham Ibn Ezra a Lamentaciones
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Ortega Monasterio, Mª Teresa
2003-12-01
Full Text Available One of the main concerns of the biblical commentaries of Abraham Ibn Ezra is the study of the Hebrew grammar and its characteristics. There we can find indeed many of the theories he had on the subject. Ibn Ezra includes remarks about the consonants, punctuation, morphology of verbs and nouns, etc., using several expressions which are characteristic of his own style. The present paper aims at analyzing the grammatical aspects of the commentary of Ibn Ezra on Lamentations, and at the same time comparing his theories with those of other Medieval commentators.
Uno de los principales objetivos de Abraham Ibn Ezra en sus comentarios bíblicos es el estudio de la gramática hebrea y sus características. En sus comentarios podemos encontrar expuestas muchas de sus teorías acerca de este tema. A menudo hace observaciones acerca de las consonantes hebreas, de su vocalización, morfología, de verbos y nombres, etc., utilizando expresiones típicas de su estilo. En el presente trabajo se analizan los aspectos gramaticales del comentario de Ibn Ezra al libro de las Lamentaciones, intentando relacionar sus teorías con las de otros comentaristas medievales.
Abraham Malherbe se bydrae tot Hellenistiese filosofie en die vroeë Christendom
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Johan C. Thom
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Abraham Malherbe’s contribution to Hellenistic philosophy and early Christianity. Abraham J. Malherbe was one of the most influential New Testament scholars of the past half century. He is especially known for his use of Hellenistic moral philosophy in the interpretation of New Testament texts, especially Pauline literature. Whilst the comparative study of New Testament and Greco-Roman material remains a contentious approach in scholarship, Malherbe’s work provides important pointers in how to make such comparisons in a meaningful and reasoned manner, by paying due respect to the integrity of the texts being compared and to the function textual elements have within their own contexts. I discussed the salient features of Malherbe’s approach, focusing in particular on his study of topoi. One of the most significant findings was Malherbe’s emphasis on the dialectical combination of common and individual elements in such topoi, which enabled ancient authors to embed their own texts within the cultural discourse of their time. His approach opens the way to further research of the New Testament within its philosophical context without requiring proof of a genealogical relationship between the texts or authors concerned.
Graphene Oxide Demonstrates Experimental Confirmation of Abraham Pressure on Solid Surface
Kundu, Anirban; Rani, Renu; Hazra, Kiran S.
2017-02-01
The century-old controversy over two contradicting theories on radiation pressure of light proposed by Abraham and Minkowski can come to an end if there is a direct method to measure the surface deformation of the target material due to momentum transfer of photons. Here we have investigated the effect of radiation pressure on the surface morphology of Graphene Oxide (GO) film, experienced due to low power focused laser irradiation. In-depth investigation has been carried out to probe the bending of the GO surface due to radiation pressure by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and subsequently the uniaxial strain induced on the GO film has been probed by Raman Spectroscopy. Our results show GO film experience an inward pressure due to laser radiation resulting in inward bending of the surface, which is consistent with the Abraham theory. The bending diameter and depth of the irradiated spot show linear dependence with the laser power while an abrupt change in depth and diameter of the irradiated spot is observed at the breaking point. Such abrupt change in depth is attributed to the thinning of the GO film by laser irradiation.
On the realization of quantum Fisher information
Saha, Aparna; Talukdar, B.; Chatterjee, Supriya
2017-03-01
With special attention to the role of information theory in physical sciences we present analytical results for the coordinate- and momentum-space Fisher information of some important one-dimensional quantum systems which differ in spacing of their energy levels. The studies envisaged allow us to relate the coordinate-space information ({I}ρ ) with the familiar energy levels of the quantum system. The corresponding momentum-space information ({I}γ ) does not obey such a simple relationship with the energy spectrum. Our results for the product ({I}ρ {I}γ ) depend quadratically on the principal quantum number n and satisfy an appropriate uncertainty relation derived by Dehesa et al (2007 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 40 1845)
Global Wilson-Fisher fixed points
Jüttner, Andreas; Litim, Daniel F.; Marchais, Edouard
2017-08-01
The Wilson-Fisher fixed point with O (N) universality in three dimensions is studied using the renormalisation group. It is shown how a combination of analytical and numerical techniques determine global fixed points to leading order in the derivative expansion for real or purely imaginary fields with moderate numerical effort. Universal and non-universal quantities such as scaling exponents and mass ratios are computed, for all N, together with local fixed point coordinates, radii of convergence, and parameters which control the asymptotic behaviour of the effective action. We also explain when and why finite-N results do not converge pointwise towards the exact infinite-N limit. In the regime of purely imaginary fields, a new link between singularities of fixed point effective actions and singularities of their counterparts by Polchinski are established. Implications for other theories are indicated.
Fisher zeros and conformality in lattice models
Meurice, Yannick; Berg, Bernd A; Du, Daping; Denbleyker, Alan; Liu, Yuzhi; Sinclair, Donald K; Unmuth-Yockey, Judah; Zou, Haiyuan
2012-01-01
Fisher zeros are the zeros of the partition function in the beta=2N_c/g^2 complex plane. When they pinch the real axis, finite size scaling allows to distinguish between first and second order transition and to estimate exponents. On the other hand, a gap signals confinement and the method can be used to explore the boundary of the conformal window. We present recent numerical results for 2D O(N) sigma models, 4D U(1) and SU(2) pure gauge and SU(3) with N_f=4and 12 flavors. We discuss attempts to understand some of these results using analytical methods. We discuss the 2-lattice matching and qualitative aspects of the renormalization group (RG) flows in the Migdal-Kadanoff approximation. We consider the effects of the boundary conditions on the nonperturbative part of the average energy in the 1D O(2) model
Trajectory Synthesis for Fisher Information Maximization
Wilson, Andrew D.; Schultz, Jarvis A.; Murphey, Todd D.
2015-01-01
Estimation of model parameters in a dynamic system can be significantly improved with the choice of experimental trajectory. For general nonlinear dynamic systems, finding globally “best” trajectories is typically not feasible; however, given an initial estimate of the model parameters and an initial trajectory, we present a continuous-time optimization method that produces a locally optimal trajectory for parameter estimation in the presence of measurement noise. The optimization algorithm is formulated to find system trajectories that improve a norm on the Fisher information matrix (FIM). A double-pendulum cart apparatus is used to numerically and experimentally validate this technique. In simulation, the optimized trajectory increases the minimum eigenvalue of the FIM by three orders of magnitude, compared with the initial trajectory. Experimental results show that this optimized trajectory translates to an order-of-magnitude improvement in the parameter estimate error in practice. PMID:25598763
Bounding biomass in the Fisher equation
Birch, Daniel A.; Tsang, Yue-Kin; Young, William R.
2007-06-01
The Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation with a variable growth rate and advection by an incompressible velocity field is considered as a model for plankton dispersed by ocean currents. If the average growth rate is negative then the model has a survival-extinction transition; the location of this transition in the parameter space is constrained using variational arguments and delimited by simulations. The statistical steady state reached when the system is in the survival region of parameter space is characterized by integral constraints and upper and lower bounds on the biomass and productivity that follow from variational arguments and direct inequalities. In the limit of zero-decorrelation time the velocity field is shown to act as Fickian diffusion with an eddy diffusivity much larger than the molecular diffusivity: this allows a one-dimensional model to predict the biomass, productivity, and extinction transitions. All results are illustrated with a simple growth and stirring model.
A Visual Basic Software for Computing Fisher\\'s Exact Probability
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Haseeb Ahmad Khan
2003-12-01
Full Text Available Fisher's exact test (FET is an important statistical method for testing association between two groups. However, the computations involved in FET are extremely tedious and time consuming due to multi-step factorial calculations after the construction of numerous 2x2 tables depending on the smallest cell value. A Visual-Basic computer program, CalcFisher, has been developed to handle the complexities of FET resorting the techniques of looping subroutines and logarithmic conversions. The software automatically calculates the P-value after entering the respective cell values and has been validated for proper functioning with a wide range of frequencies (tens to several thousands. The important features of the program include, easy data entry, tail-selection, comprehensive report format and the facility of printing and saving of results.
Retrospectives: Irving Fisher's Appreciation and Interest (1896) and the Fisher Relation
Robert W. Dimand; Rebeca Gomez Betancourt
2012-01-01
Irving Fisher's monograph Appreciation and Interest (1896) proposed his famous equation showing expected inflation as the difference between nominal interest and real interest rates. In addition, he drew attention to insightful remarks and numerical examples scattered through the earlier literature, and he derived results ranging from the uncovered interest arbitrage parity condition between currencies to the expectations theory of the term structure of interest rates. As J. Bradford DeLong w...
Integration of Fishers' Perceptions on the Environment in a ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
fishers perceive environmental change in a multinomial probit model. This model is used to ... small-scale fishers of the changing global ... all levels has proven key in supporting people- centred .... In our case, we needed to assess the ... simultaneously using full information ... specific factor in the face of climate change,.
Quantifying fishers' and citizens' support for Dutch flatfish management policy
Groeneveld, R.A.
2011-01-01
Fisheries policy is most effective when supported by fishers and the general public. Dutch citizens' and fishers' support for a selection of policy alternatives to enhance the sustainability of the Dutch North Sea cutter fleet is estimated, and the same groups' support for policy alternatives is exp
Quantifying fishers' and citizens' support for Dutch flatfish management policy
Groeneveld, R.A.
2011-01-01
Fisheries policy is most effective when supported by fishers and the general public. Dutch citizens' and fishers' support for a selection of policy alternatives to enhance the sustainability of the Dutch North Sea cutter fleet is estimated, and the same groups' support for policy alternatives is
Unilateral external ophthalmoplegia in Miller Fisher syndrome: case report
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Severn Philip
2007-04-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background A description of the diagnostic features of Miller Fisher syndrome. Case presentation The clinical presentation, investigation, and subsequent progress of our patient with clinical unilateral external ophthalmoplegia. Conclusion Our case demonstrates the presentation of clinical unilateral external ophthalmoplegia as part of the full triad of Miller Fisher syndrome.
Job Satisfaction among Fishers in the Dominican Republic
Ruiz, Victor
2012-01-01
This paper reflects on the results of a job satisfaction study of small-scale fishers in the Dominican Republic. The survey results suggest that, although fishers are generally satisfied with their occupations, they also have serious concerns. These concerns include anxieties about the level of earnings, the condition of marine resources and the…
Francis, Nedra H.; Kritsonis, William Allan
2006-01-01
This article analyzes Abraham Maslow's original writing of "Self-Actualizing People: A Study of Psychological Health." The review of literature in this article reveals that Maslow's hierarchy of needs have had profound effects in the area of psychology. In addition, the authors present information regarding self-actualized people, theorists of…
Abraham Reef Stable Isotope Data (delta 13C, delta 18O, delta 14C) for 1635-1957
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Site: Abraham Reef, 22ó 06'S, 153ó 00'E, Porites australiensus, Radiocarbon (delta 14C) and Stable Isotope (del 18O and del 13C) results from bi-annual samples from...
Non-parametric estimation of Fisher information from real data
Shemesh, Omri Har; Miñano, Borja; Hoekstra, Alfons G; Sloot, Peter M A
2015-01-01
The Fisher Information matrix is a widely used measure for applications ranging from statistical inference, information geometry, experiment design, to the study of criticality in biological systems. Yet there is no commonly accepted non-parametric algorithm to estimate it from real data. In this rapid communication we show how to accurately estimate the Fisher information in a nonparametric way. We also develop a numerical procedure to minimize the errors by choosing the interval of the finite difference scheme necessary to compute the derivatives in the definition of the Fisher information. Our method uses the recently published "Density Estimation using Field Theory" algorithm to compute the probability density functions for continuous densities. We use the Fisher information of the normal distribution to validate our method and as an example we compute the temperature component of the Fisher Information Matrix in the two dimensional Ising model and show that it obeys the expected relation to the heat capa...
R. A. Fisher and his advocacy of randomization.
Hall, Nancy S
2007-01-01
The requirement of randomization in experimental design was first stated by R. A. Fisher, statistician and geneticist, in 1925 in his book Statistical Methods for Research Workers. Earlier designs were systematic and involved the judgment of the experimenter; this led to possible bias and inaccurate interpretation of the data. Fisher's dictum was that randomization eliminates bias and permits a valid test of significance. Randomization in experimenting had been used by Charles Sanders Peirce in 1885 but the practice was not continued. Fisher developed his concepts of randomizing as he considered the mathematics of small samples, in discussions with "Student," William Sealy Gosset. Fisher published extensively. His principles of experimental design were spread worldwide by the many "voluntary workers" who came from other institutions to Rothamsted Agricultural Station in England to learn Fisher's methods.
The Baryonic Tully-Fisher relation revisited
Pfenniger, D
2004-01-01
The Baryonic Tully-Fisher relation (BTF) can be substantially improved when considering that the galactic baryonic mass is likely to consist not only from the detected baryons, stars and gas, but also from a dark baryonic component proportional to the HI gas. The BTF relation is optimally improved when the HI mass is multiplied by a factor of about 3, but larger factors up to 11-16 still improve the fit over the original one using only the detected baryons. The strength of this improved relation is quantified with up-to-date statistical tests such as the Akaike Information Criterion or the Bayesian Information Criterion. In particular they allow to show that supposing a variable $M_\\star/L$ ratio instead is much less significant. This result reinforces the suggestion made in several recent works that mass within galactic disks must be a multiple of the HI mass, and that galactic disks are substantially, but not necessarily fully, self-gravitating.
[Charles Miller Fisher: a giant of neurology].
Tapia, Jorge
2013-08-01
C. Miller Fisher MD, one of the great neurologists in the 20th century, died in April 2012. Born in Canada, he studied medicine at the University of Toronto. As a Canadian Navy medical doctor he participated in World War II and was a war prisoner from 1941 to 1944. He did a residency in neurology at the Montreal Neurological Institute between 1946 and 1948, and later on was a Fellow in Neurology and Neuropathology at the Boston City Hospital. In 1954 he entered the Massachusetts General Hospital as a neurologist and neuropathologist, where he remained until his retirement, in 2005. His academic career ended as Professor Emeritus at Harvard University. His area of special interest in neurology was cerebrovascular disease (CVD). In 1954 he created the first Vascular Neurology service in the world and trained many leading neurologists on this field. His scientific contributions are present in more than 250 publications, as journal articles and book chapters. Many of his articles, certainly not restricted to CVD, were seminal in neurology. Several concepts and terms that he coined are currently used in daily clinical practice. The chapters on CVD, in seven consecutive editions of Harrison's Internal Medicine textbook, are among his highlights. His death was deeply felt by the neurological community.
Meladze, Pikria; Brown, Jac
2015-10-01
This research was aimed at investigating how religious beliefs and internalized shame predicted homonegativity. An online survey, which consisted of a self-report questionnaire assessing religious orientation, internalized shame, and internalized homonegativity, was completed by 133 Caucasian and Asian gay men. The respondents also were asked to write a short answer in which they had to explain how they integrated their religion and sexual practices. The quantitative analyses of data demonstrated no significant difference in internalized homonegativity among the two cultural groups. Internalized homonegativity was predicted by the main Abrahamic faiths (i.e. Christianity, Islam, and Judaism) and internalized shame. Qualitative analysis showed that gay men who adhere to a monotheistic religious faith follow a different path to reconciling their religion and homosexuality compared to gay men who adhere to Philosophical/New Age religions or to gay men who have no religious faith. The implications of these findings as well as directions for future research studies were discussed.
Reduced-order Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac equation and the consistency of classical electromagnetism
Steane, Andrew M
2014-01-01
It is widely believed that classical electromagnetism is either unphysical or inconsistent, owing to pathological behaviour when self-force and radiation reaction are non-negligible. We argue that there is no inconsistency as long as it is recognized that certain types of charge distribution are simply impossible, such as, for example, a point particle with finite charge and finite inertia. This is owing to the fact that negative inertial mass is an unphysical concept in classical physics. It remains useful to obtain an equation of motion for small charged objects that describes their motion to good approximation without requiring knowledge of the charge distribution within the object. We give a simple method to achieve this, leading to a reduced-order form of the Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac equation, essentially as proposed by Eliezer, Landau and Lifshitz.
Momentum Exchange between Light and a Single Atom: Abraham or Minkowski?
Hinds, E A; Barnett, Stephen M
2009-02-06
We consider forces on an atom due to a plane-wave light pulse. The standard view of the optical dipole force indicates that red-detuned light should attract the atom towards high intensity. While the atom is inside the pulse, this would increase the average momentum per photon from p_{0} to p_{0}n, where n is the average refractive index due to the presence of the atom. We show, however, that this is the wrong conclusion and that the dispersive forces repel the atom from the light in this particular case, giving the photons a momentum p_{0}/n. This leads us to identify Abraham's optical momentum with the kinetic momentum transfer. The form due to Minkowski is similarly associated with the canonical momentum. We consider the possibility of demonstrating this in the laboratory, and we note an unexpected connection with the Aharonov-Casher effect.
The Personal Meaning of Social Values in the Work of Abraham Maslow
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
John H. Morgan
2012-06-01
Full Text Available Abraham Maslow (1908-1970 was, with Carl Rogers, the co-founder of what came to be known as the Third Force school of psychology. Considered a neo-Freudian in the post-psychoanalytical school, Maslow became a leader in the development of new modalities of treatment using psychotherapeutic techniques developed in his practice over many years and ultimately became a celebrated scholar and teaching using his concept of the hierarchy of needs and self-actualization. Where Maslow has too often and undeservedly been overlooked is in his exploration of the meaning and nature of values in the arena of public education. This essay is an attempt to correct this common oversight.
Tra storia e mito. Politiche e usi politici di Abraham Lincoln
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Marco Sioli
2010-03-01
Full Text Available
Barack Obama's election brought to the forefront one of the key figures of the nineteenth century, Abraham Lincoln, considered to be a founder of the nation by the new American President. Like Lincoln, Obama put the accent on unity and national goodwill. Like Lincoln, Obama nourished the roots that connected to the common man. The deep desire for change in American politics that Obama espouses also occurred during Lincoln's presidency.
This essay dwells on Lincoln's words that are impressive in many respects, especially in the way they are able to communicate the passion of political involvement, as well as are impressive the images which represent the Great Emancipator in the different period of American history. Words and images reinterpreted Lincoln's myth in a contemporary mood, showing the how Lincoln became a continuously changing icon, down to the current presidency of Barack Obama.
Fishers, farms, and forests in eastern North America.
Lancaster, Pamela A; Bowman, Jeff; Pond, Bruce A
2008-07-01
The fisher (Martes pennanti) has recently recovered from historic extirpations across much of its geographic range. There are at least five explanations for the recovery of the fisher, including changes in the amount of habitat, the suitability of habitat, trapping pressure, societal attitudes toward predators, and climate. We evaluated a recovering fisher population in Ontario to test two conditions we viewed as necessary to support the hypothesis that fisher populations have increased due to an increase in the amount of forested land. First, we tested whether the amount of forested land has increased. Second, we tested whether contemporary fisher abundance (and therefore habitat quality) was related to the amount of forest. Topographic maps showed that the proportion of forested land in the study area had increased by 1.9% per decade since 1934 and 3.3% per decade since 1959, likely as a result of land conversion from agricultural uses. Overall the proportion of the study area that was forested increased from 29% to 40% during 1934 to 1995. Census data from the region indicated that there had been a decline in the amount of land area being farmed during the last 50 years. Recent livetrapping data showed that fisher abundance was positively related to the proportion of landscapes that were forested. Based on our results, we could not reject the hypothesis that an increase in the amount of forested land has contributed to the recovery of fisher populations.
Infrasound analysis using Fisher detector and Hough transform
Averbuch, Gil; Assink, Jelle D.; Smets, Pieter S. M.; Evers, Läslo G.
2016-04-01
Automatic detection of infrasound signals from the International Monitoring System (IMS) from the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty requires low rates of both false alarms and missed events. The Fisher detector is a statistical method used for detecting such infrasonic events. The detector aims to detect coherent signals after Beamforming is applied on the recordings. A detection is defined to be above a threshold value of Fisher ratio. The Fisher distribution for such a detection is affected by the SNR. While events with high Fisher ratio and SNR can easily be detected automatically, events with lower Fisher ratios and SNRs might be missed. The Hough transform is a post processing step. It is based on a slope-intercept transform applied to a discretely sampled data, with the goal of finding straight lines (in apparent velocity and back azimuth). Applying it on the results from the Fisher detector is advantageous in case of noisy data, which corresponds to low Fisher ratios and SNRs. Results of the Hough transform on synthetic data with SNR down to 0.7 provided a lower number of missed events. In this work, we will present the results of an automatic detector, based on both methods. Synthetic data with different lengths and SNRs are evaluated. Furthermore, continuous data from the IMS infrasound station I18DK will be analyzed. We will compare the performances of both methods and investigate their ability in reducing the number of missed events.
2011-10-12
... Information Collection (Regulation on Application for Fisher Houses and Other Temporary Lodging and VHA Fisher House Application); Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration, Department of Veterans... use of other forms of information technology. Title: Regulation on Application for Fisher Houses...
Direct approach to quantum extensions of Fisher information
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Ping; LUO Shunlong
2007-01-01
By manipulating classical Fisher information and employing various derivatives of density operators, and using entirely intuitive and direct methods, we introduce two families of quantum extensions of Fisher information that include those defined via the symmetric logarithmic derivative, via the right logarithmic derivative, via the Bogoliubov-Kubo-Mori derivative, as well as via the derivative in terms of commutators, as special cases. Some fundamental properties of these quantum extensions of Fisher information are investigated, a multi-parameter quantum Cramér-Rao inequality is established, and applications to characterizing quantum uncertainty are illustrated.
Seymour Fisher contributions to research on body image
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P.R.L. Ribeiro
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of this work was to systematically review Seymour Fisher contributions to research on body image. A literature review of his work on body perception, distorted body image, body boundary, assigned meanings to specific body areas, and general body awareness was carried out on four of the books written by the author. Fisher correlated those variables with defense mechanisms, adaptation, and body anxiety. Moreover, he also considered the roles played by culture and personality on the complex phenomenon of body experience. This review intends to disseminate Seymour Fisher contributions among Brazilian researchers on body image.
The Transmission mechanisms of the position and Functions of Prophets in Abrahamic Religions
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Mohammad Reza Vasfi
Full Text Available Prophethood, possesses a profound significance in the Abrahamic religions. Prophets act as mediums, through whom the message of God is received and delivered to people, and thus fulfill two kinds of epistemological and Responsible functions: one related to the prophetic “gnosis” of the divine message and the other to the missionary “responsibility” of enacting it. But do the position and functions of the prophets come to an end with his death? For the Abrahamic religions, the answer is ‘No’. In these religions, we are faced with a phenomenon that can be called the “Transmission of the position and functions of prophets”. This article attempts to explain this phenomenon in the context of the holy texts of these three religions and in the terms of the three mechanisms of Blessedness, Heredity and Successorship. Although, the separation between this mechanisms in analysis, necessarily, they are not separate in instances. The first mechanism of such Transmission, by which the prophet transmits on his position and functions to his Children's, is Blessedness. Blessedness is a special covenant between God and Abraham, and is reported twice in the Old covenant. By this mechanism, God blesses to Abraham and promises to bless his Children's, to make them as many as the dust of the earth, and to make them victorious in the face of their enemies. Thus, the mechanism of blessedness becomes institutionalized in Abraham’s family and household, and passes on from one generation to the next. In the New covenant, Jesus and Virgin Mary are called “the Blessed Ones”, Jesus is described as the Source of Blessedness for everyone, and all the true Christian believers are considered as the heirs to Abraham’s Blessedness. In the noble Quran, not only the covenant of God’s Blessedness with Abraham and Isaac is mentioned, but also Jesus is referred to as “the Blessed One” (“Mubarak”. However, it can be said that mechanism of Blessedness
The Transmission mechanisms of the position and Functions of Prophets in Abrahamic Religions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohammad Reza Vasfi
2013-09-01
Full Text Available Prophethood, possesses a profound significance in the Abrahamic religions. Prophets act as mediums, through whom the message of God is received and delivered to people, and thus fulfill two kinds of epistemological and Responsible functions: one related to the prophetic “gnosis” of the divine message and the other to the missionary “responsibility” of enacting it. But do the position and functions of the prophets come to an end with his death? For the Abrahamic religions, the answer is ‘No’. In these religions, we are faced with a phenomenon that can be called the “Transmission of the position and functions of prophets”. This article attempts to explain this phenomenon in the context of the holy texts of these three religions and in the terms of the three mechanisms of Blessedness, Heredity and Successorship. Although, the separation between this mechanisms in analysis, necessarily, they are not separate in instances. The first mechanism of such Transmission, by which the prophet transmits on his position and functions to his Children's, is Blessedness. Blessedness is a special covenant between God and Abraham, and is reported twice in the Old covenant. By this mechanism, God blesses to Abraham and promises to bless his Children's, to make them as many as the dust of the earth, and to make them victorious in the face of their enemies. Thus, the mechanism of blessedness becomes institutionalized in Abraham’s family and household, and passes on from one generation to the next. In the New covenant, Jesus and Virgin Mary are called “the Blessed Ones”, Jesus is described as the Source of Blessedness for everyone, and all the true Christian believers are considered as the heirs to Abraham’s Blessedness. In the noble Quran, not only the covenant of God’s Blessedness with Abraham and Isaac is mentioned, but also Jesus is referred to as “the Blessed One” (“Mubarak”. However, it can be said that mechanism of Blessedness
The Transmission mechanisms of the position and Functions of Prophets in Abrahamic Religions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. Roohollah Shafiee
2013-08-01
Full Text Available Prophethood, possesses a profound significance in the Abrahamic religions. Prophets act as mediums, through whom the message of God is received and delivered to people, and thus fulfill two kinds of epistemological and Responsible functions: one related to the prophetic “gnosis” of the divine message and the other to the missionary “responsibility” of enacting it. But do the position and functions of the prophets come to an end with his death? For the Abrahamic religions, the answer is ‘No’. In these religions, we are faced with a phenomenon that can be called the “Transmission of the position and functions of prophets”. This article attempts to explain this phenomenon in the context of the holy texts of these three religions and in the terms of the three mechanisms of Blessedness, Heredity and Successorship. Although, the separation between this mechanisms in analysis, necessarily, they are not separate in instances. The first mechanism of such Transmission, by which the prophet transmits on his position and functions to his Children's, is Blessedness. Blessedness is a special covenant between God and Abraham, and is reported twice in the Old covenant. By this mechanism, God blesses to Abraham and promises to bless his Children's, to make them as many as the dust of the earth, and to make them victorious in the face of their enemies. Thus, the mechanism of blessedness becomes institutionalized in Abraham’s family and household, and passes on from one generation to the next. In the New covenant, Jesus and Virgin Mary are called “the Blessed Ones”, Jesus is described as the Source of Blessedness for everyone, and all the true Christian believers are considered as the heirs to Abraham’s Blessedness. In the noble Quran, not only the covenant of God’s Blessedness with Abraham and Isaac is mentioned, but also Jesus is referred to as “the Blessed One” (“Mubarak”. However, it can be said that mechanism of Blessedness
Phase space view of quantum mechanical systems and Fisher information
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nagy, Á., E-mail: anagy@madget.atomki.hu
2016-06-17
Highlights: • Phase-space Fisher information coming from the canonical distribution is derived for the ground state of quantum mechanical systems. • Quantum mechanical phase-space Fisher information contains an extra term due to the position dependence of the temperature. • A complete analogy to the classical case is demonstrated for the linear harmonic oscillator. - Abstract: Pennini and Plastino showed that the form of the Fisher information generated by the canonical distribution function reflects the intrinsic structure of classical mechanics. Now, a quantum mechanical generalization of the Pennini–Plastino theory is presented based on the thermodynamical transcription of the density functional theory. Comparing to the classical case, the phase-space Fisher information contains an extra term due to the position dependence of the temperature. However, for the special case of constant temperature, the expression derived bears resemblance to the classical one. A complete analogy to the classical case is demonstrated for the linear harmonic oscillator.
Evaluation of fish handling techniques employed by artisanal fishers ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Evaluation of fish handling techniques employed by artisanal fishers on quality of ... genera at landing time along the Kenyan coast using sensory and microbiological methods. ... African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development.
Distribution model for Fishers in the northern US Rocky Mountains
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The results of this proposed project would provide the first comprehensive identification of fisher distribution in the northern Rocky Mountains, which may serve as...
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions of FKNMS Commercial Fishers
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A total of 294 commercial fishers, randomly selected from a population possessing an active Florida Saltwater Products license, provided information on their fishing...
Constrained Fisher Scoring for a Mixture of Factor Analyzers
2016-09-01
global appearance model across the entire sensor network. constrained maximum likelihood estimation, mixture of factor analyzers, Newton’s method...ARL-TR-7836• SEP 2016 US Army Research Laboratory Constrained Fisher Scoring for a Mixture of Factor Analyzers by Gene T Whipps, Emre Ertin, and...TR-7836• SEP 2016 US Army Research Laboratory Constrained Fisher Scoring for a Mixture of Factor Analyzers by Gene T Whipps Sensors and Electron
Kemp, B. A.
2011-06-01
A century has now passed since the origins of the Abraham-Minkowski controversy pertaining to the correct form of optical momentum in media. Experiment and theory have been applied at both the classical and quantum levels in attempt to resolve the debate. The result of these efforts is the identification of Abraham's kinetic momentum as being responsible for the overall center of mass translations of a medium and Minkowski's canonical or wave momentum as being responsible for translations within or with respect to a medium. In spite of the recent theoretical developments, much confusion still exists regarding the appropriate theory required to predict experimental outcomes and to develop new applications. In this paper, the resolution of the longstanding Abraham-Minkowski controversy is reviewed. The resolution is presented using classical electromagnetic theory and logical interpretation of experiments disseminated over the previous century. Emphasis is placed on applied physics applications: modeling optical manipulation of cells and particles. Although the basic interpretation of optical momentum has been resolved, there is still some uncertainly regarding the complete form of the momentum continuity equation describing electromagnetics. Thus, while a complete picture of electrodynamics has still yet to be fully interpreted, this correspondence should help clarify the state-of-the-art view.
Assimilation and Modernity-A Case Study of Abraham Cahan’s“The Imported Bridegroom”
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HE Ya-nan
2015-01-01
In the modern era, the Jewish-Americans were faced with challenges because of the assimilation and modernity envi⁃ronment in the US, and as a result, many of them were in a double bind—to be an assimilated American citizen or to be a tradi⁃tional Jew. With his work“The Imported Bridegroom”, Abraham Cahan contemplated on the subject of Jewish immigration and assimilation and he made a ground-breaking contribution to the establishment of American modernity. This paper intends to ana⁃lyze Cahan’s attitudes towards assimilation and modernity and how he builds up modernity for all of the Americans. Three char⁃acters in“The Imported Bridegroom”, who stand for three prototypes of modern Jewish-Americans confronting the overwhelm⁃ing flood of assimilation and the duty for retaining their traditions, will be analyzed. Through the composition of this work, Cah⁃an tried to spread the Jewish culture on the one hand, and on the other, he warned the peripheral that it was difficult to be assimi⁃lated without disasters even if they had made contribution to the formation of modernity.
The biography and biology of liberty: Abraham Kuyper and the American experiment
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
John Witte, Jr.
1999-03-01
Full Text Available In part because of Johan van der Vyver’s pioneering work, Abraham Kuyper, the Dutch theologian, educator, journalist, and politician, is well-known in South Africa. This article examines the lesser-known relationship between Kuyper's political theology and American law and politics. Kuyper praised American constructions of religious liberty and pluralism, separation of church and state, and free association and political pluralism. In Kuyper’s view, these were the political fruits of an historical Calvinism that needed to be restored to political respectability if the American experiment was to live up to its promise. While taking much of Kuyper’s point, this article argues that Kuyper both overstated the Calvinist contributions to the American experiment, and failed to appreciate the unique covenantal theology that informed the Puritan Calvinist legal and political contributions that were made. Two illustrations of this influence are offered: (I how the Puritans' emerging theology o f liberty of covenant contributed to American views of religious liberty; and (2 how the Puritans’ emerging sociology of covenants o f liberty contributed uniquely to American views of social and political pluralism.
2011-12-19
... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Regulation on Application for Fisher Houses and Other Temporary Lodging and VHA Fisher House Application) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration... Application for Fisher Houses and Other Temporary Lodging and VHA Fisher House Application, VA Forms...
Levels and drivers of fishers' compliance with marine protected areas
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adrian Arias
2015-12-01
Full Text Available Effective conservation depends largely on people's compliance with regulations. We investigate compliance through the lens of fishers' compliance with marine protected areas (MPAs. MPAs are widely used tools for marine conservation and fisheries management. Studies show that compliance alone is a strong predictor of fish biomass within MPAs. Hence, fishers' compliance is critical for MPA effectiveness. However, there are few empirical studies showing what factors influence fishers' compliance with MPAs. Without such information, conservation planners and managers have limited opportunities to provide effective interventions. By studying 12 MPAs in a developing country (Costa Rica, we demonstrate the role that different variables have on fishers' compliance with MPAs. Particularly, we found that compliance levels perceived by resource users were higher in MPAs (1 with multiple livelihoods, (2 where government efforts against illegal fishing were effective, (3 where fishing was allowed but regulated, (4 where people were more involved in decisions, and (5 that were smaller. We also provide a novel and practical measure of compliance: a compound variable formed by the number illegal fishers and their illegal fishing effort. Our study underlines the centrality of people's behavior in nature conservation and the importance of grounding decision making on the social and institutional realities of each location.
On the validity of cosmological Fisher matrix forecasts
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wolz, Laura [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Kilbinger, Martin [Service d' Astrophysique (SAp), CEA Saclay, Orme des Merisiers, Bât. 709, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Weller, Jochen; Giannantonio, Tommaso, E-mail: lwolz@star.ucl.ac.uk, E-mail: martin.kilbinger@cea.fr, E-mail: jochen.weller@usm.lmu.de, E-mail: tommaso@usm.lmu.de [Universitäts-Sternwarte, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679 München (Germany)
2012-09-01
We present a comparison of Fisher matrix forecasts for cosmological probes with Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) posterior likelihood estimation methods. We analyse the performance of future Dark Energy Task Force (DETF) stage-III and stage-IV dark-energy surveys using supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations and weak lensing as probes. We concentrate in particular on the dark-energy equation of state parameters w{sub 0} and w{sub a}. For purely geometrical probes, and especially when marginalising over w{sub a}, we find considerable disagreement between the two methods, since in this case the Fisher matrix can not reproduce the highly non-elliptical shape of the likelihood function. More quantitatively, the Fisher method underestimates the marginalized errors for purely geometrical probes between 30%-70%. For cases including structure formation such as weak lensing, we find that the posterior probability contours from the Fisher matrix estimation are in good agreement with the MCMC contours and the forecasted errors only changing on the 5% level. We then explore non-linear transformations resulting in physically-motivated parameters and investigate whether these parameterisations exhibit a Gaussian behaviour. We conclude that for the purely geometrical probes and, more generally, in cases where it is not known whether the likelihood is close to Gaussian, the Fisher matrix is not the appropriate tool to produce reliable forecasts.
Logarithm Versus Square Root:Comparing Quantum Fisher Information
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LUO Shun-Long
2007-01-01
In classical statistics,the Fisher information is unique in the sense that it is essentially the only monotone Riemannian metric on the space of probability densities.In quantum theory,this uniqueness breaks down,and there are many natural quantum analogues of the Fisher information,among which two particular versions distinguish themselves by their intuitive and informational significance:The first has its origin in the skew information introduced by Wigner and Yanase in 1963 in the context of quantum measurement,and is defined via the square root of the density operator.The second arises from Helstrom's study of quantum detection in 1967,and is defined via the symmetric logarithmic derivative.The aim of this paper is to compare these two versions of quantum Fisher information,and to establish two informational inequalities relating them.
Kernel-based fisher discriminant analysis for hyperspectral target detection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GU Yan-feng; ZHANG Ye; YOU Di
2007-01-01
A new method based on kernel Fisher discriminant analysis (KFDA) is proposed for target detection of hyperspectral images. The KFDA combines kernel mapping derived from support vector machine and the classical linear Fisher discriminant analysis (LFDA), and it possesses good ability to process nonlinear data such as hyperspectral images. According to the Fisher rule that the ratio of the between-class and within-class scatters is maximized, the KFDA is used to obtain a set of optimal discriminant basis vectors in high dimensional feature space. All pixels in the hyperspectral images are projected onto the discriminant basis vectors and the target detection is performed according to the projection result. The numerical experiments are performed on hyperspectral data with 126 bands collected by Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS). The experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed detection method and prove that this method has good ability to overcome small sample size and spectral variability in the hyperspectral target detection.
Face Recognition Using Double Sparse Local Fisher Discriminant Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhan Wang
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Local Fisher discriminant analysis (LFDA was proposed for dealing with the multimodal problem. It not only combines the idea of locality preserving projections (LPP for preserving the local structure of the high-dimensional data but also combines the idea of Fisher discriminant analysis (FDA for obtaining the discriminant power. However, LFDA also suffers from the undersampled problem as well as many dimensionality reduction methods. Meanwhile, the projection matrix is not sparse. In this paper, we propose double sparse local Fisher discriminant analysis (DSLFDA for face recognition. The proposed method firstly constructs a sparse and data-adaptive graph with nonnegative constraint. Then, DSLFDA reformulates the objective function as a regression-type optimization problem. The undersampled problem is avoided naturally and the sparse solution can be obtained by adding the regression-type problem to a l1 penalty. Experiments on Yale, ORL, and CMU PIE face databases are implemented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
EEG based Autism Diagnosis Using Regularized Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mahmoud I. Kamel
2012-04-01
Full Text Available Diagnosis of autism is one of the difficult problems facing researchers. To reveal the discriminative pattern between autistic and normal children via electroencephalogram (EEG analysis is a big challenge. The feature extraction is averaged Fast Fourier Transform (FFT with the Regulated Fisher Linear Discriminant (RFLD classifier. Gaussinaty condition for the optimality of Regulated Fisher Linear Discriminant (RFLD has been achieved by a well-conditioned appropriate preprocessing of the data, as well as optimal shrinkage technique for the Lambda parameter. Winsorised Filtered Data gave the best result.
Phase space view of quantum mechanical systems and Fisher information
Nagy, Á.
2016-06-01
Pennini and Plastino showed that the form of the Fisher information generated by the canonical distribution function reflects the intrinsic structure of classical mechanics. Now, a quantum mechanical generalization of the Pennini-Plastino theory is presented based on the thermodynamical transcription of the density functional theory. Comparing to the classical case, the phase-space Fisher information contains an extra term due to the position dependence of the temperature. However, for the special case of constant temperature, the expression derived bears resemblance to the classical one. A complete analogy to the classical case is demonstrated for the linear harmonic oscillator.
Fisher information and quantum potential well model for finance
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nastasiuk, V.A., E-mail: nasa@i.ua
2015-09-25
The probability distribution function (PDF) for prices on financial markets is derived by extremization of Fisher information. It is shown how on that basis the quantum-like description for financial markets arises and different financial market models are mapped by quantum mechanical ones. - Highlights: • The financial Schrödinger equation is derived using the principle of minimum Fisher information. • Statistical models for price variation are mapped by the quantum models of coupled particle. • The model of quantum particle in parabolic potential well corresponds to Efficient market.
Fisher information as a gamma-ray detector design tool
Salçin, Esen; Furenlid, Lars R.
2014-09-01
The extraction of gamma-ray event information from detectors is an estimation problem as the signals are governed by multiple random effects such as information carrier (eg; scintillation-light photon, electron-hole pair) generation, propagation/transport and detection. A quantitative measure of how well the measured signals can be used to produce an estimate of the parameters is given by Fisher Information. In this work, we demonstrate several applications of Fisher Information as a powerful practical tool to quantify the information content in detector signals and help guide design decisions in scintillation and semiconductor detector development.
Abraham Willink: impulsor de la descentralización de la entomología argentina
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Lucía E. CLAPS
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Se presenta una síntesis de las principales actividades desarrolladas por Abraham Willink (1920-1998 en su relación con la ciencia argentina, en especial con la Entomología. Se brinda información sobre su vida personal y su trayectoria en el ámbito universitario, refiriéndose especialmente al desarrollo de los estudios de posgrado y a la formación de recursos humanos en la Facultad de Ciencias Naturales e Instituto Miguel Lillo de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Se destaca su trayectoria en el área de la sistemática y la biogeografía de himenópteros superiores, así como su importante aporte en la conformación y mantenimiento de la colección de insectos del Instituto Miguel Lillo. Se pone énfasis en su gran interés por la descentralización de la ciencia y en especial de la Entomología, en la Argentina. Se ofrece información sobre sus logros científicos, así como el reconocimiento que recibió de discípulos y colegas de distintas partes del mundo. Finalmente se destacan sus cualidades personales, que reflejan la calidez humana que lo caracterizó, como maestro de varias generaciones de biólogos, no solo entomólogos. PALABRAS CLAVE. Entomología.
On a connection between Stein characterizations and Fisher information
Ley, Christophe
2011-01-01
We generalize the so-called density approach to Stein characterizations of probability distributions. We prove an elementary factorization property of the resulting Stein operator in terms of a generalized (standardized) score function. We use this result to connect Stein characterizations with information distances such as the generalized (standardized) Fisher information.
Sustainability of Artisanal Fishers Livelihoods in the Jebba Lake ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
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In Nigeria, fisheries do not merely supply an essential ... and Okon, 2009) including use of unsustainable fisheries management practices adopted by the ... benefits for continued sustenance of fishers whose livelihoods depend on it. The ..... to fishing livelihood implies exploitation of fish mongers in the chain of distribution.
Impact of Supernova feedback on the Tully-Fisher relation
De Rossi, Maria E; Pedrosa, Susana E
2010-01-01
Recent observational results found a bend in the Tully-Fisher Relation in such a way that low mass systems lay below the linear relation described by more massive galaxies. We intend to investigate the origin of the observed features in the stellar and baryonic Tully-Fisher relations and analyse the role played by galactic outflows on their determination. Cosmological hydrodynamical simulations which include Supernova feedback were performed in order to follow the dynamical evolution of galaxies. We found that Supernova feedback is a fundamental process in order to reproduce the observed trends in the stellar Tully-Fisher relation. Simulated slow rotating systems tend to have lower stellar masses than those predicted by the linear fit to the massive end of the relation, consistently with observations. This feature is not present if Supernova feedback is turned off. In the case of the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation, we also detect a weaker tendency for smaller systems to lie below the linear relation described...
Fisher-Shannon product and quantum revivals in wavepacket dynamics
García, T.; de los Santos, F.; Romera, E.
2014-01-01
We show the usefulness of the Fisher-Shannon information product in the study of the sequence of collapses and revivals that take place along the time evolution of quantum wavepackets. This fact is illustrated in two models, a quantum bouncer and a graphene quantum ring.
Quantum Fisher and skew information for Unruh accelerated Dirac qubit
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Banerjee, Subhashish; Alok, Ashutosh Kumar [Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur, Jodhpur (India); Omkar, S. [Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram (India)
2016-08-15
We develop a Bloch vector representation of the Unruh channel for a Dirac field mode. This is used to provide a unified, analytical treatment of quantum Fisher and skew information for a qubit subjected to the Unruh channel, both in its pure form as well as in the presence of experimentally relevant external noise channels. The time evolution of Fisher and skew information is studied along with the impact of external environment parameters such as temperature and squeezing. The external noises are modelled by both purely dephasing phase damping and the squeezed generalised amplitude damping channels. An interesting interplay between the external reservoir temperature and squeezing on the Fisher and skew information is observed, in particular, for the action of the squeezed generalised amplitude damping channel. It is seen that for some regimes, squeezing can enhance the quantum information against the deteriorating influence of the ambient environment. Similar features are also observed for the analogous study of skew information, highlighting a similar origin of the Fisher and skew information. (orig.)
Phryne Fisher: A postcolonial female detective in Ruddy Gore (1995
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caty Ribas Segura
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Kerry Greenwood’s The Phryne Fisher Mystery Collection is formed by 19 novels set in 1928-1929 Australia and its main character is the Hon. Phryne Fisher, a young beautiful intelligent rich woman who works as a private detective. The seventh novel of this collection is Ruddy Gore (1995, which presents one of the most relevant characters in the series: Lin, and which includes a turning-point in the protagonist’s life.This article analyses the depiction of Miss Fisher as a postcolonial detective in the late 1920s Melbourne, and focuses on the constructs of gender and ethnicity in the creation of Miss Fisher and of Lin. This novel was adapted as a TV episode, aired by the Australia Broadcasting Corporation in 2012. This article also explores the way Phryne is depicted in the episode and how she interacts with some of the characters. The article aims to find out whether the adaptation creates a female detective as author Kerry Greenwood had envisioned, and whether this character breaks stereotypes or follows them.
On the Validity of Cosmological Fisher Matrix Forecasts
Wolz, Laura; Weller, Jochen; Giannantonio, Tommaso
2012-01-01
We present a comparison of Fisher matrix forecasts for cosmological probes with Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) posterior likelihood estimation methods. We analyse the performance of future Dark Energy Task Force (DETF) stage-III and stage-IV dark-energy surveys using supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations and weak lensing as probes. We concentrate in particular on the dark-energy equation of state parameters $w_0$ and $w_a$. For forecasts with fixed $w_a=0$, there is no qualitative discrepancy between the Fisher matrix approximation and the full likelihood via MCMC exploration, although there are significant quantitative differences; when marginalising over $w_a$ however, we find considerable disagreement between the two methods, since for geometrical probes the Fisher matrix can not reproduce the highly non-elliptical shape of the likelihood function. More quantitatively, the Fisher method overestimates the DETF figure of merit (FoM) for purely geometrical probes by a factor of up to seven. Even in the ca...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2007-01-01
<正>在论坛上,跑鞋爱好者经常问到MI ZUNO的哪款最好。MI ZUNO给跑步者和潮流爱好者都提供了很多选择,然而,款式赢经典、销量最高、适应人群最广的、各论坛出镜率最高的,还是2001年首度推出的RIDER系列。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
最后的神
2008-01-01
在论坛上,跑鞋爱好者经常问到MIZUNO的哪款最好，MIZUNO给跑步者和潮流爱好者都提供了很多选择，然而，款式最经典、销量最高、适应人群最广的、各论坛出镜率最高的，还是RIDER系列。
Palacios Chavarro , Janneth Arley
2014-01-01
International audience; Este artículo surgió de un diálogo realizado con el profesor mexicano Abraham Nosnik Ostrowiak, en el que plantea las diferencias entre los conceptos de comunicación organizacional y estratégica y su propuesta sobre comunicación productiva. El profesor Nosnik destaca los vacíos y temas pendientes de la investigación en comunicación organizacional, entre ellos, un mayor conocimiento de la comunicación en las organizaciones sociales y un mayor enfoque hacia los problemas...
Palacios Chavarro , Janneth Arley
2014-01-01
International audience; Este artículo surgió de un diálogo realizado con el profesor mexicano Abraham Nosnik Ostrowiak, en el que plantea las diferencias entre los conceptos de comunicación organizacional y estratégica y su propuesta sobre comunicación productiva. El profesor Nosnik destaca los vacíos y temas pendientes de la investigación en comunicación organizacional, entre ellos, un mayor conocimiento de la comunicación en las organizaciones sociales y un mayor enfoque hacia los problemas...
Le libre arbitre dans la pensée de R. Abraham bar Yehudah (élève de Hasdaï Crescas
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Sadik, Shalom
2014-06-01
Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyze the opinion of R. Abraham bar Yehudah (Crete and the Crown of Aragon in the second half of the 14th century on the question of free will. The first part of the article describes how in the beginning of his book (Even Shetiyyah, ‘Foundation Stone’, R. Abraham presents a position close to the deterministic thought of his well known teacher Hasdai Crescas, thus proving that in the third quarter of the 14th century there already were deterministic views in the school of the later. The second part of the article demonstrates that in the continuation of this book R. Abraham presents a different opinion closer to the common non-deterministic position of the majority of Jewish medieval philosophers. The article concludes, explaining the contradiction, that in his book R. Abraham bar Yehuda brings in two different opinions from different sources without trying to build an accord between them.El libre arbitrio en el pensamiento de R. Abraham bar Yehudá (discípulo de Ḥasday Crescas. Análisis del pensamiento de R. Abraham bar Yehudá (Creta y Corona de Aragón, segunda mitad del siglo XIV respecto del libre arbitrio. La primera parte del artículo muestra cómo al inicio de su libro (Eben Šetiyyá, ‘Piedra fundamental’ R. Abraham presenta una posición cercana a la opinión determinista de su maestro Ḥasday Crescas, poniendo de relieve que ya en el tercer cuarto del siglo XIV se sostenían ideas deterministas en la escuela de Crescas. La segunda parte del artículo muestra cómo en la continuación de su obra, R. Abraham presenta una opinión diferente, más cercana a la posición no-determinista común a la mayoría de los filósofos judíos medievales. El artículo concluye, explicando la contradicción del autor derivada de incluir en su obra dos opiniones diferentes tomadas de fuentes diversas, sin intentar elaborar un acuerdo entre ellas.
Nobel Prize nominees hundred years ago: Abraham Jacobi (1830-1919) and Otto Heubner (1843-1926).
Hansson, Nils; Oommen-Halbach, Anne; Borkhardt, Arndt; Fangerau, Heiner
2017-08-13
Pediatrics directly and indirectly played an important role in the history of the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. However, the history of the Nobel Prize and pediatrics goes beyond the actual laureates. Based on original files in the archive of the Nobel committee of physiology or medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, this overview aims to shed new light on why the international pioneers of pediatrics Abraham Jacobi (1830-1919) and Otto Heubner (1843-1926) were nominated but never received the prize in 1918. Moreover, Clemens von Pirquet (1874-1929), one of the founders of this journal in 1910 (previously known as Zeitschrift für Kinderheilkunde), also appears in the Nobel records during the first decades of the twentieth century, nominated by Heubner and others. We argue that studies of Nobel nominations give new opportunities to study not only the selection process for Nobel laureates, but also to explore which pioneers were seen as the most outstanding at a particular point in time and why. What is known? • Recent historical research suggests that Nobel Prize nominations can help to reconstruct trends in medicine over time. What is new? • This paper takes a new approach on the history of pediatrics and shows why the internationally famous pediatricians Abraham Jacobi, New York, and Otto Heubner, Berlin, were runners-up for the Nobel Prize hundred years ago.
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Hosein Aghahosseini
2010-07-01
Full Text Available Abraham was one of the ol Al Azm prophets whose name is repeatedly addressed in the Holy Quran. He is a clean-soul Muslim which bowed to nothing except the unique God. A prophet who was trapped and every time found himself proud of Divine test closer to his idol. He achieved the (Khollat title from his God and crowned the divine Khalil (Nesa,125 and his ethic is glorified with the "Hanif " attribute in some places in the Quran(Nesa,125-Al, Umran,95- Nahl, 123. His life story has come within the merciful Quran in details. Interpreted texts are of most important religious sources of Muslims that according to merciful Quran studid this Divine prophet. on the other side, the mystics that consistently have introduced Quran characters as the best role models too, have particular view on the character of Abraham. Since these texts have special importance in Persian literature, their attention to the story of this Divine Prophet gets attention to. Commentators and mystics view of this story, although similar in some short hints, are different in the majority of the materials. In this paper, it is attempted to investigate one of the most important stories of the merciful Quran in one of the most important mystic and religious(literature sources.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hosein Aghahosseini
2010-06-01
Full Text Available Abraham was one of the ol Al Azm prophets whose name is repeatedly addressed in the Holy Quran. He is a clean-soul Muslim which bowed to nothing except the unique God. A prophet who was trapped and every time found himself proud of Divine test closer to his idol. He achieved the (Khollat title from his God and crowned the divine Khalil (Nesa,125 and his ethic is glorified with the "Hanif " attribute in some places in the Quran(Nesa,125-Al, Umran,95- Nahl, 123. His life story has come within the merciful Quran in details. Interpreted texts are of most important religious sources of Muslims that according to merciful Quran studid this Divine prophet. on the other side, the mystics that consistently have introduced Quran characters as the best role models too, have particular view on the character of Abraham. Since these texts have special importance in Persian literature, their attention to the story of this Divine Prophet gets attention to. Commentators and mystics view of this story, although similar in some short hints, are different in the majority of the materials. In this paper, it is attempted to investigate one of the most important stories of the merciful Quran in one of the most important mystic and religious(literature sources.
Recurrent Fisher-Bickerstaff syndrome: report of a Chinese case
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DONG Hui-qing; LIU Zheng; TANG Yi; LU Yan; WANG Qi; JIA Jian-ping
2011-01-01
Fisher-Bickerstaff syndrome (FBS) was recently proposed to help to diagnose the conditions that overlap Fisher syndrome and Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis,as well as the unclassified conditions that had ophthalmoplegia and ataxia with clear consciousness,flexor plantar response and preserved tendon reflexes.Recurrences are exceptional presented with recurrent drowsiness,unsteady gait,diplopia and reduced deep tendon reflexes,which met the diagnostic criteria for FBS.The interval was eight months.He was treated with intravenous immunoglobulins during each episode and got good recovery.To our knowledge,this is a relatively early report about recurrent FBS case that had central and peripheral involvement during each episode in China.
Fisher's preferences and trade-offs between management options
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Fitzpatrick, Mike; Maravelias, Christos D; Eigaard, Ole Ritzau
2017-01-01
Failure to understand the potential responses of fishers to management measures creates a significant risk of revisiting the familiar scenario of perverse and unintended consequences of those measures. This paper reports on a choice experiment survey to evaluate fisher’s preferences for various...... management measures proposed under the EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) reform process, but the conclusions have wider relevance as similar measures are used by comparable fleets in fisheries globally. The survey was conducted with fishers involved in mixed pelagic and demersal fisheries in Ireland, pelagic...... and that solutions should be tailored within the context of specific fisheries. Not doing so could create a significant risk of inappropriately managed fisheries that may lead to unsustainable outcomes...
Fisher Information and entanglement of non-Gaussian spin states
Strobel, Helmut; Linnemann, Daniel; Zibold, Tilman; Hume, David B; Pezzè, Luca; Smerzi, Augusto; Oberthaler, Markus K
2015-01-01
Entanglement is the key quantum resource for improving measurement sensitivity beyond classical limits. However, the production of entanglement in mesoscopic atomic systems has been limited to squeezed states, described by Gaussian statistics. Here we report on the creation and characterization of non-Gaussian many-body entangled states. We develop a general method to extract the Fisher information, which reveals that the quantum dynamics of a classically unstable system creates quantum states that are not spin squeezed but nevertheless entangled. The extracted Fisher information quantifies metrologically useful entanglement which we confirm by Bayesian phase estimation with sub shot-noise sensitivity. These methods are scalable to large particle numbers and applicable directly to other quantum systems.
Fisher's zeros, complex RG flows and confinement in LGT models
Denbleyker, Alan; Du, Daping; Liu, Yuzhi; Meurice, Yannick; Zou, Haiyuan
2011-01-01
The zeros of the partition function in the complex beta plane (Fisher's zeros) play an important role in our understanding of phase transitions and RG flows. Recently, we argued that they act as gates or separatrices for complex RG flows. Using histogram reweighting to construct the density of states, we calculate the Fisher's zeros for pure gauge SU(2) and U(1) on L^4 lattices. For SU(2), these zeros appear to move almost horizontally when the volume increases. They stay away from the real axis which indicates a confining theory at zero temperature. We discuss the effect of an adjoint term on these results. In contrast, using recent multicanonical simulations for the U(1) model for L up to 8 we find that the zeros pinch the real axis near beta =1.0113. Preliminary results concerning U(1) at larger volumes, SU(3) with 3 light flavors and plans to delimit the boundary of the conformal window are briefly discussed.
Multiple Kernel Learning in Fisher Discriminant Analysis for Face Recognition
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiao-Zhang Liu
2013-02-01
Full Text Available Recent applications and developments based on support vector machines (SVMs have shown that using multiple kernels instead of a single one can enhance classifier performance. However, there are few reports on performance of the kernel‐based Fisher discriminant analysis (kernel‐based FDA method with multiple kernels. This paper proposes a multiple kernel construction method for kernel‐based FDA. The constructed kernel is a linear combination of several base kernels with a constraint on their weights. By maximizing the margin maximization criterion (MMC, we present an iterative scheme for weight optimization. The experiments on the FERET and CMU PIE face databases show that, our multiple kernel Fisher discriminant analysis (MKFD achieves high recognition performance, compared with single‐kernel‐based FDA. The experiments also show that the constructed kernel relaxes parameter selection for kernel‐based FDA to some extent.
Monotone traveling wavefronts of the KPP-Fisher delayed equation
Gomez, Adrian
2010-01-01
In the early 2000's, Gourley (2000), Wu et al. (2001), Ashwin et al. (2002) initiated the study of the positive wavefronts in the delayed Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov-Fisher equation. Since then, this model has become one of the most popular objects in the studies of traveling waves for the monostable delayed reaction-diffusion equations. In this paper, we give a complete solution to the problem of existence and uniqueness of monotone waves in the KPP-Fisher equation. We show that each monotone traveling wave can be found via an iteration procedure. The proposed approach is based on the use of special monotone integral operators (which are different from the usual Wu-Zou operator) and appropriate upper and lower solutions associated to them. The analysis of the asymptotic expansions of the eventual traveling fronts at infinity is another key ingredient of our approach.
da Costa, Mikaelle Kaline Bezerra; de Melo, Clarissy Dinyz; Lopes, Priscila Fabiana Macedo
2014-01-01
This study compared the consumption of animal protein and food sharing among fishers' and non-fishers' families of the northeastern Brazilian coast. The diet of these families was registered through the 24-hour-recall method during 10 consecutive days in January (good fishing season) and June (bad fishing season) 2012. Fish consumption was not different between the fishers' and non-fishers' families, but varied according to fisheries productivity to both groups. Likewise, food sharing was not different between the two groups, but food was shared more often when fisheries were productive. Local availability of fish, more than a direct dependency on fisheries, determines local patterns of animal protein consumption, but a direct dependency on fisheries exposes families to a lower-quality diet in less-productive seasons. As such, fisheries could shape and affect the livelihoods of coastal villages, including fishers' and non-fishers' families.
Do artisanal fishers perceive declining migratory shorebird populations?
de Andrade, Luciano Pires; Silva-Andrade, Horasa Maria Lima; Lyra-Neves, Rachel Maria; Albuquerque,Ulysses Paulino de; Telino-Júnior, Wallace Rodrigues
2016-01-01
Background This paper discusses the results of ethno-ornithological research conducted on the local ecological knowledge (LEK) of artisanal fishers in northeast Brazil between August 2013 and October 2014. Methods The present study analyzed the LEK of 240 artisanal fishermen in relation to Nearctic shorebirds and the factors that may be affecting their populations. We examined whether differences occurred according to the gender and age of the local population. The research instruments includ...
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy associated with Miller-Fisher syndrome.
Gill, Dalvir; Liu, Kan
2017-07-01
51-year-old female who presented with progressive paresthesia, numbness of the lower extremities, double vision, and trouble walking. Physical exam was remarkable for areflexia, and ptosis. Her initial EKG showed nonspecific ST segment changes and her Troponin T was elevated to 0.41ng/mL which peaked at 0.66ng/mL. Echocardiogram showed a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction to 35% with severely hypokinetic anterior wall and left ventricular apex was severely hypokinetic. EMG nerve conduction study showed severely decreased conduction velocity and prolonged distal latency in all nerves consistent with demyelinating disease. She was treated with 5days of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy to which she showed significant improvement in strength in her lower extremities. Echocardiogram repeated 4days later showing an improved left ventricular ejection fraction of 55% and no left ventricular wall motion abnormalities. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a rare complication of Miller-Fisher syndrome and literature review did not reveal any cases. Miller-Fisher syndrome is an autoimmune process that affects the peripheral nervous system causing autonomic dysfunction which may involve the heart. Due to significant autonomic dysfunction in Miller-Fisher syndrome, it could lead to arrhythmias, blood pressure changes, acute coronary syndrome and myocarditis, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy can be difficult to distinguish. The treatment of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is supportive with beta-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are recommended until left ventricle ejection fraction improvement. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a rare complication during the acute phase of Miller-Fisher syndrome and must be distinguished from autonomic dysfunction as both diagnoses have different approaches to treatment. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Explicit solutions of Fisher's equation with three zeros
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M. F. K. Abur-Robb
1990-01-01
Full Text Available Explicit traveling wave solutions of Fisher's equation with three simple zeros ut=uxx+u(1−u(u−a, a∈(0,1, are obtained for the wave speeds C=±2(12−a suggested by pure analytic considerations. Two types of solutions are obtained: one type is of a permanent wave form whereas the other is not.
Self-organization analysis for a nonlocal convective Fisher equation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cunha, J.A.R. da [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, 70919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil); International Center for Condensed Matter Physics, CP 04513, 70919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil); Penna, A.L.A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, 70919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil); International Center for Condensed Matter Physics, CP 04513, 70919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil)], E-mail: penna.andre@gmail.com; Vainstein, M.H. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, 70919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil); International Center for Condensed Matter Physics, CP 04513, 70919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil); Morgado, R. [International Center for Condensed Matter Physics, CP 04513, 70919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil); Departamento de Matematica, Universidade de Brasilia, 70910-900 Brasilia DF (Brazil); Oliveira, F.A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, 70919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil); International Center for Condensed Matter Physics, CP 04513, 70919-970 Brasilia DF (Brazil)
2009-02-02
Using both an analytical method and a numerical approach we have investigated pattern formation for a nonlocal convective Fisher equation with constant and spatial velocity fields. We analyze the limits of the influence function due to nonlocal interaction and we obtain the phase diagram of critical velocities v{sub c} as function of the width {mu} of the influence function, which characterize the self-organization of a finite system.
2010-10-08
...] Barnstead Thermolyne Corporation, a Subsidiary of Thermo Fisher Scientific, Including On-Site Leased Workers... subsidiary of Thermo Fisher Scientific, including on- site leased workers from Sedona Staffing, Dubuque, Iowa... Thermolyne Corporation, a subsidiary of Thermo Fisher Scientific. The Department has determined that...
Sustainable theory of a logistic model - Fisher information approach.
Al-Saffar, Avan; Kim, Eun-Jin
2017-03-01
Information theory provides a useful tool to understand the evolution of complex nonlinear systems and their sustainability. In particular, Fisher information has been evoked as a useful measure of sustainability and the variability of dynamical systems including self-organising systems. By utilising Fisher information, we investigate the sustainability of the logistic model for different perturbations in the positive and/or negative feedback. Specifically, we consider different oscillatory modulations in the parameters for positive and negative feedback and investigate their effect on the evolution of the system and Probability Density Functions (PDFs). Depending on the relative time scale of the perturbation to the response time of the system (the linear growth rate), we demonstrate the maintenance of the initial condition for a long time, manifested by a broad bimodal PDF. We present the analysis of Fisher information in different cases and elucidate its implications for the sustainability of population dynamics. We also show that a purely oscillatory growth rate can lead to a finite amplitude solution while self-organisation of these systems can break down with an exponentially growing solution due to the periodic fluctuations in negative feedback. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Fisher Pierce products for improving distribution system reliability
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
1994-12-31
The challenges facing the electric power utility today in the 1990s has changed significantly from those of even 10 years ago. The proliferation of automation and the personnel computer have heightened the requirements and demands put on the electric distribution system. Today`s customers, fighting to compete in a world market, demand quality, uninterrupted power service. Privatization and the concept of unregulated competition require utilities to streamline to minimize system support costs and optimize power delivery efficiency. Fisher Pierce, serving the electric utility industry for over 50 years, offers a line of products to assist utilities in meeting these challenges. The Fisher Pierce Family of products provide tools for the electric utility to exceed customer service demands. A full line of fault indicating devices are offered to expedite system power restoration both locally and in conjunction with SCADA systems. Fisher Pierce is the largest supplier of roadway lighting controls, manufacturing on a 6 million dollar automated line assuring the highest quality in the world. The distribution system capacitor control line offers intelligent local or radio linked switching control to maintain system voltage and Var levels for quality and cost efficient power delivery under varying customer loads. Additional products, designed to authenticate revenue metering calibration and verify on sight metering service wiring, help optimize the profitability of the utility assuring continuous system service improvements for their customers.
Fisher choice may increase prevalence of green turtle fibropapillomatosis disease
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Thomas B Stringell
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Disease in wildlife populations is often controlled through culling. But when healthy individuals are removed and diseased individuals are left in the population, it is anticipated that prevalence of disease increases. Although this scenario is presumably common in exploited populations where infected individuals are less marketable, it is not widely reported in the literature. We describe this scenario in a marine turtle fishery in the Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI, where green turtles are harvested for local consumption. During a two-year period, we recorded the occurrence of fibropapillomatosis (FP disease in green turtles (Chelonia mydas captured during in-water surveys and compared it with that of turtles landed in the fishery. 13.4% (n=32 of turtles captured during in-water surveys showed externally visible signs of FP. FP occurred at specific geographic locations where fishing also occurred. Despite the disease being prevalent in the size classes selected by fishers, FP was not present in any animals landed by the fishery (n=162. The majority (61% of fishers interviewed expressed that they had caught turtles with FP. Yet, 82% of those that had caught turtles with the disease chose to return their catch to the sea, selectively harvesting healthy turtles and leaving those with the disease in the population. Our study illustrates that fisher choice may increase the prevalence of FP disease and highlights the importance of this widely neglected driver in the disease dynamics of exploited wildlife populations.
Hussey, Michael; Eder, Elizabeth K.
2010-01-01
"Mr. President, It is my Desire to be free," wrote Annie Davis to Abraham Lincoln, 20 months after he issued the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation affected only those parts of the country that were in rebellion against the United States on the date it was issued, January 1, 1863. The slaveholding border states of Delaware,…
Kooten, George H. van
1999-01-01
George H. van Kooten, “Enoch, the ‘Watchers’, Seth’s Descendants and Abraham as Astronomers: Jewish Applications of the Greek Motif of the First Inventor (300 BCE-CE 100),” in Recycling Biblical Figures: Papers Read at a NOSTER Colloquium in Amsterdam, 12-13 May 1997 (ed. Athalya Brenner and Jan Wil
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Larry Portis
2006-04-01
Full Text Available Abraham Lincoln Polonsky (1910-1999 — cinéaste, romancier, militant marxiste — fut l’un de ces intellectuels états-uniens qui, à force de refuser de faire des concessions vis-à-vis des autorités, resta dans l’ombre malgré son talent. Scénariste et réalisateur de cinéma original et créatif pendant les années 40 et 50, sa carrière fut entravée par la répression de cette période. Qualifié publiquement de « very dangerous citizen » par un membre du House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC, ...
Gromes, Dieter
2015-01-01
We calculate the energy radiated coherently by a system of $N$ charged non relativistic particles. It disagrees with the energy loss which is obtained if one employs the Lorentz Abraham Dirac (LAD) equation for each particle, and sums up the contributions. This fact was already clearly stated in the classical literature long ago. The reason for the discrepancy is the omission of the mixing terms in the Poynting vector. For some simple systems we present a generalized equation for the radiation reaction force which cures this defect. The counter examples show that the LAD equation cannot be generally valid and that all "proofs" must fail somewhere. We demonstrate this failure for some popular examples in the literature.
The Social and Cultural Construction of Abraham Lincoln in U.S. Movies and on U.S. TV
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John Dean
2009-09-01
Full Text Available Abraham Lincoln has constantly moved among and stirred Americans in the common, shifting ground of their popular, visual, and digital imagination. Nowadays, Lincoln is larger than the sum of his parts. This is due partly to his own prismatic personality, partly to his political genius, partly to the special needs of the American nation and its people. If Lincoln did not exist, someone, somehow, would have tried to construct a representative figure who came close to the mark of what the Civil War, the fight for Union, the failure of Succession, the liberty of the slaves and the material-spiritual expansion of America meant. But Lincoln existed. Lincoln hit the target. Here was witness, cause, martyr and lodestone all packed into one.
[Gérard Abraham van Rijnberk, editor-in-chief of the Dutch Journal of Medicine 1913-1946].
van 't Hof, S E
2007-09-22
Gérard Abraham van Rijnberk (1875-1953), a professor of physiology, was the longest-reigning editor-in-chief in the history of The Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (Dutch Journal of Medicine). During his 33 years in office the Journal and the Vereniging Nederland-sch Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (Dutch Journal of Medicine Society) prospered. Van Rijnberk started the historical library of the Society. World War II ended the long-standing connection with the Nederlandsche Maatschappij tot bevordering der Geneeskunst (NMG; The Dutch Medical Association). The NMG was closed down by the German occupier, but Van Rijnberk pursued publication of the Journal, which led to accusations of collaboration. After the war, the Journal continued independently of Medisch Contact, the journal of the NMG.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schima, S.; Wilt, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Ross, H. [Utah Univ. Research Inst., Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
1995-07-01
Computer code SPXCL is a finite difference modeling algorithm that calculates the response of embedded point sources within a rectangular, two-dimensional medium. The code calculates the electrical potential anywhere in the medium from thermal or pressure sources. This code is useful in calculating self-potential measurements that may be used to locate upflow zones in geothermal systems. Beginning in 1991 data on self-potential was collected at Abraham and Meadow-Hatton Hot Springs, two of the largest thermal spring systems in Utah. In this paper, these data were modeled to determine upflow zones and source characteristics using the SPXCL code. The forward solution for fluid and heat flow models and the resulting self-potential anomalies were calculated.
Die sin as narratiewe kode in “Die uur van die idiote” deur Abraham H. de Vries
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M.J. Prins
2010-07-01
Full Text Available The sentence as narrative code in “Die uur van die idiote” (“The hour of the idiots” by Abraham H. de Vries This article focuses on the following aspects of syntax in “Die uur van die idiote” by Abraham H. de Vries: word and phrase repetition, enumeration, omission (ellipsis, word order, rhythm, length and composition, and sound repetition. Through word and phrase repetition the ironic situation in which the characters find themselves is made relevant, as well as their frustration and mutual powerlessness. Enumeration also is an agent of irony, more specifically irony created by the contrast between material fullness and existential emptiness, as well as of the fact that the characters are consumer items inside a metaphorical prison in which there is a lack of humaneness. Through ellipsis the disillusionment of the central character is communicated, as well as the enigmatically uncertain relationship between him and his wife, contrasting with her conviction that love is still possible between them. It also demonstrates the objectification of the human being. Change in word order is connected to the paradigm of dehumanisation, but also indicates the conviction that existential liberation is after all possible. This also leads to a climax. Rhythm communicates the themes of irony and existential bewilderment. It also serves as an emotional code for the existential crisis of the characters. Sentence length and composition emphasise a disturbed relationship, existential imprisonment and the sometimes helpless cynicism of the central character. Through sound repetition the reader’s attention is focused on concepts that are important for the meaning of the story.
Sharp interface limit of the Fisher-KPP equation
Alfaro, Matthieu
2009-01-01
We investigate the singular limit, as $\\ep \\to 0$, of the Fisher equation $\\partial_t u=\\ep \\Delta u + \\ep ^{-1}u(1-u)$ in the whole space. We consider initial data with compact support plus, possibly, perturbations very small as $\\Vert x \\Vert \\to \\infty$. By proving both generation and motion of interface properties, we show that the sharp interface limit moves by a constant speed, which is the minimal speed of some related one-dimensional travelling waves. We obtain an estimate of the thickness of the transition layers. We also exhibit initial data "not so small" at infinity which do not allow the interface phenomena.
Occurrences of candidiasis in a Fisher's lovebird and a budgerigar.
Sato, Y; Aoyagi, T; Kobayashi, T; Inoue, J
2001-08-01
Two cage birds, a two-month-old Fisher's lovebird (Agapornis fischeri) and a one-year-old budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus), manifested clinical symptoms with general weakness, loss of appetite and ruffled feathers, then died. Pathological findings revealed a large quantity of yellowish-white pseudomembrane on the mucosal membrane of the esophagus and crop in these two birds. Histopathologically, blastospores (5.5 microm long x 3.4 microm wide) and pseudohyphae were detected in the lesions of conspicuous parakeratosis and moderate acanthosis in the stratified squamous epithelium. These two birds were diagnosed as having had candidiasis.
Generalizing Fisher's “reproductive value”: Nonlinear, homogeneous, biparental systems*
Samuelson, Paul A.
1977-01-01
Biparental demographic models violate linearity. However, in their early “dilute” stages before limited environment resources bring need for competitive selection, first-degree-homogeneous relations obtain. For them, a reproductive-value function of the initial coordinates is defined to recapitulate their contribution to the asymptotically dominating mode of exponential growth: now the generalized Fisher reproductive value of one sex is altered by relative numbers of the other sex. The new reproductive-value function is also derived for general systems of homogeneous-first-degree differential and difference equations, and is shown to grow from the start at the asymptotic growth rate. PMID:16592475
A Case of Neuromyelitis Optica Masquerading as Miller Fisher Syndrome
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Yuka Furutani
2014-10-01
Full Text Available A 22-year-old woman presented with double vision that she had experienced since an infection 2 weeks previously. A neurological examination showed limited bilateral eye abduction, mimicking Miller Fisher syndrome. However, T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of her brain revealed hyperintense areas in the tegmentum of the pons, including the abducens nucleus, and her serum anti-aquaporin-4 antibody test was positive. She was finally diagnosed with neuromyelitis optica. Intravenous high-dose steroid therapy immediately improved the patient's abduction palsy, but bilateral optic neuritis manifested during the treatment. Subsequent treatment with plasma exchange improved her optic neuritis symptoms.
Fisher-Schroedinger models for statistical encryption of covert information
Venkatesan, R. C.
2007-04-01
The theoretical framework for a principled procedure to encrypt/decrypt covert information (code)into/from the null spaces of a hierarchy of statistical distributions possessing ill-conditioned eigenstructures, is suggested. The statistical distributions are inferred using incomplete constraints, employing the generalized nonextensive thermostatistics (NET) Fisher information as the measure of uncertainty. The hierarchy of inferred statistical distributions possess a quantum mechanical connotation for unit values of the nonextensivity parameter. A systematic strategy to encrypt/decrypt code via unitary projections into the null spaces of the ill-conditioned eigenstructures, is presented.
The influence of fractional diffusion in Fisher-KPP equations
Cabre, Xavier
2012-01-01
We study the Fisher-KPP equation where the Laplacian is replaced by the generator of a Feller semigroup with power decaying kernel, an important example being the fractional Laplacian. In contrast with the case of the stan- dard Laplacian where the stable state invades the unstable one at constant speed, we prove that with fractional diffusion, generated for instance by a stable L\\'evy process, the front position is exponential in time. Our results provide a mathe- matically rigorous justification of numerous heuristics about this model.
Sampling Methods for Wallenius' and Fisher's Noncentral Hypergeometric Distributions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Fog, Agner
2008-01-01
the mode, ratio-of-uniforms rejection method, and rejection by sampling in the tau domain. Methods for the multivariate distributions include: simulation of urn experiments, conditional method, Gibbs sampling, and Metropolis-Hastings sampling. These methods are useful for Monte Carlo simulation of models......Several methods for generating variates with univariate and multivariate Wallenius' and Fisher's noncentral hypergeometric distributions are developed. Methods for the univariate distributions include: simulation of urn experiments, inversion by binary search, inversion by chop-down search from...... of biased sampling and models of evolution and for calculating moments and quantiles of the distributions....
A Simplex-Like Algorithm for Fisher Markets
Adsul, Bharat; Babu, Ch. Sobhan; Garg, Jugal; Mehta, Ruta; Sohoni, Milind
We propose a new convex optimization formulation for the Fisher market problem with linear utilities. Like the Eisenberg-Gale formulation, the set of feasible points is a polyhedral convex set while the cost function is non-linear; however, unlike that, the optimum is always attained at a vertex of this polytope. The convex cost function depends only on the initial endowments of the buyers. This formulation yields an easy simplex-like pivoting algorithm which is provably strongly polynomial for many special cases.
Menon, A.; Bavinck, M.; Stephen, J.; Manimohan, R.
2016-01-01
Indian trawl fishers in the Palk Bay regularly engage in cross-border fishing to the detriment of Sri Lankan artisanal fishers whose nets are irreparably damaged. Increasing tension between Indian trawl fishers from the state of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lankan artisanal fishers from the Northern Province
A. Menon; M. Bavinck; J. Stephen; R. Manimohan
2015-01-01
Indian trawl fishers in the Palk Bay regularly engage in cross-border fishing to the detriment of Sri Lankan artisanal fishers whose nets are irreparably damaged. Increasing tension between Indian trawl fishers from the state of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lankan artisanal fishers from the Northern Province
Describing variations of the Fisher-matrix across parameter space
Schäfer, Björn Malte
2016-01-01
Forecasts in cosmology, both with Monte-Carlo Markov-chain methods and with the Fisher matrix formalism, depend on the choice of the fiducial model because both the signal strength of any observable as well as the model nonlinearities linking observables to cosmological parameters vary in the general case. In this paper we propose a method for extrapolating Fisher-forecasts across the space of cosmological parameters by constructing a suitable ba- sis. We demonstrate the validity of our method with constraints on a standard dark energy model extrapolated from a {\\Lambda}CDM-model, as can be expected from 2-bin weak lensing to- mography with a Euclid-like survey, in the parameter pairs $(\\Omega_\\text{m},\\sigma_8)$, $(\\Omega_\\text{m}, w_0)$ and $(w_0, w_\\text{a})$. Our numerical results include very accurate extrapolations across a wide range of cosmo- logical parameters in terms of shape, size and orientation of the parameter likelihood, and a decomposition of the change of the likelihood contours into modes, ...
Wright-Fisher model with negative mutation rates
Pal, Soumik
2010-01-01
We study a family of multidimensional diffusions taking values in the unit simplex of vectors with non-negative coordinates that add up to one. The family of processes satisfy stochastic differential equations which are similar to the ones for the classical Wright-Fisher model, except that the "mutation rates" are now nonpositive. This model, suggested by Aldous, appears in the study of a conjectured diffusion limit for a Markov chain on Cladograms. The striking feature of these models is that the boundary is not reflecting, and we kill the process once it hits the boundary. We derive the explicit exit distribution from the simplex, and probabilistic bounds on the exit time. We also prove that these processes can be viewed as a "stochastic time-reversal" of a Wright-Fisher process of increasing dimensions and conditioned at a random time. A key idea in our proofs is a skew-product construction using certain one-dimensional diffusions called Bessel-square processes of negative dimensions which have been recent...
Benefits and risks of diversification for individual fishers.
Anderson, Sean C; Ward, Eric J; Shelton, Andrew O; Adkison, Milo D; Beaudreau, Anne H; Brenner, Richard E; Haynie, Alan C; Shriver, Jennifer C; Watson, Jordan T; Williams, Benjamin C
2017-09-18
Individuals relying on natural resource extraction for their livelihood face high income variability driven by a mix of environmental, biological, management, and economic factors. Key to managing these industries is identifying how regulatory actions and individual behavior affect income variability, financial risk, and, by extension, the economic stability and the sustainable use of natural resources. In commercial fisheries, communities and vessels fishing a greater diversity of species have less revenue variability than those fishing fewer species. However, it is unclear whether these benefits extend to the actions of individual fishers and how year-to-year changes in diversification affect revenue and revenue variability. Here, we evaluate two axes by which fishers in Alaska can diversify fishing activities. We show that, despite increasing specialization over the last 30 years, fishing a set of permits with higher species diversity reduces individual revenue variability, and fishing an additional permit is associated with higher revenue and lower variability. However, increasing species diversity within the constraints of existing permits has a fishery-dependent effect on revenue and is usually (87% probability) associated with increased revenue uncertainty the following year. Our results demonstrate that the most effective option for individuals to decrease revenue variability is to participate in additional or more diverse fisheries. However, this option is expensive, often limited by regulations such as catch share programs, and consequently unavailable to many individuals. With increasing climatic variability, it will be particularly important that individuals relying on natural resources for their livelihood have effective strategies to reduce financial risk.
Increasing the Fisher Information Content through Moving-Mesh Reconstruction
Pan, Qiaoyin; Inman, Derek; Yu, Hao-Ran
2016-01-01
Reconstruction techniques are commonly used in cosmology to reduce complicated nonlinear behaviour to a more tractable linearized system. We study the Moving-Mesh algorithm which is expected to perform better than many alternatives as it is based in Lagrangian space. To quantify the algorithm's ability to reconstruct linear modes, we study the Fisher information presented in 136 N-body simulations before and after reconstruction. We find that the linear scale is pushed to $k\\simeq$ 0.3 $h/\\mathrm{Mpc}$ after reconstruction. We furthermore find that the translinear plateau of the cumulative Fisher information is increased by a factor of $\\sim 40$ after reconstruction, from $I \\simeq 2.5 \\times 10^{-5} /(\\mathrm{Mpc}^3/h^3)$ to $I \\simeq 10^{-3}/(\\mathrm{Mpc}^3/h^3)$ at $k \\simeq$ 1 $h/\\mathrm{Mpc}$. This includes the decorrelation between initial and final fields, which has been neglected in many previous studies, and we find that the log-normal transform in this metric only gains a factor of 4 in information....
Early electrophysiological findings in Fisher-Bickerstaff syndrome.
Alberti, M A; Povedano, M; Montero, J; Casasnovas, C
2017-09-06
The term Fisher-Bickerstaff syndrome (FBS) has been proposed to describe the clinical spectrum encompassing Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS) and Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis. The pathophysiology of FBS and the nature of the underlying neuropathy (demyelinating or axonal) are still subject to debate. This study describes the main findings of an early neurophysiological study on 12 patients diagnosed with FBS. Retrospective evaluation of clinical characteristics and electrophysiological findings of 12 patients with FBS seen in our neurology department within 10 days of disease onset. Follow-up electrophysiological studies were also evaluated, where available. The most frequent electrophysiological finding, present in 5 (42%) patients, was reduced sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) amplitude in one or more nerves. Abnormalities were rarely found in motor neurography, with no signs of demyelination. The cranial nerve exam revealed abnormalities in 3 patients (facial neurography and/or blink reflex test). Three patients showed resolution of SNAP amplitude reduction in serial neurophysiological studies, suggesting the presence of reversible sensory nerve conduction block. Results from cranial MRI scans were normal in all patients. An electrophysiological pattern of sensory axonal neuropathy, with no associated signs of demyelination, is an early finding of FBS. Early neurophysiological evaluation and follow-up are essential for diagnosing patients with FBS. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Monnereau, Iris; Pollnac, Richard
2012-10-01
Lobster fishing (targeting the spiny lobster Panulirus argus) is an important economic activity throughout the Wider Caribbean Region both as a source of income and employment for the local population as well as foreign exchange for national governments. Due to the high unit prices of the product, international lobster trade provides a way to improve the livelihoods of fisheries-dependent populations. The specie harvested is identical throughout the region and end market prices are roughly similar. In this paper we wish to investigate to which extent lobster fishers' job satisfaction differs in three countries in the Caribbean and how these differences can be explained by looking at the national governance arrangements.
Identifying alternate pathways for climate change to impact inland recreational fishers
Hunt, Len M.; Fenichel, Eli P.; Fulton, David C.; Mendelsohn, Robert; Smith, Jordan W.; Tunney, Tyler D.; Lynch, Abigail J.; Paukert, Craig P.; Whitney, James E.
2016-01-01
Fisheries and human dimensions literature suggests that climate change influences inland recreational fishers in North America through three major pathways. The most widely recognized pathway suggests that climate change impacts habitat and fish populations (e.g., water temperature impacting fish survival) and cascades to impact fishers. Climate change also impacts recreational fishers by influencing environmental conditions that directly affect fishers (e.g., increased temperatures in northern climates resulting in extended open water fishing seasons and increased fishing effort). The final pathway occurs from climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts (e.g., refined energy policies result in higher fuel costs, making distant trips more expensive). To address limitations of past research (e.g., assessing climate change impacts for only one pathway at a time and not accounting for climate variability, extreme weather events, or heterogeneity among fishers), we encourage researchers to refocus their efforts to understand and document climate change impacts to inland fishers.
Diffusion on a hypersphere: application to the Wright-Fisher model
Maruyama, Kishiko; Itoh, Yoshiaki
2016-04-01
The eigenfunction expansion by Gegenbauer polynomials for the diffusion on a hypersphere is transformed into the diffusion for the Wright-Fisher model with a particular mutation rate. We use the Ito calculus considering stochastic differential equations. The expansion gives a simple interpretation of the Griffiths eigenfunction expansion for the Wright-Fisher model. Our representation is useful to simulate the Wright-Fisher model as well as Brownian motion on a hypersphere.
The Cosmological Origin of the Tully-Fisher Relation
Steinmetz, Matthias; Navarro, Julio F.
1999-03-01
We use high-resolution cosmological simulations that include the effects of gasdynamics and star formation to investigate the origin of the Tully-Fisher relation in the standard cold dark matter cosmogony. Stars are assumed to form in collapsing, Jeans-unstable gas clumps at a rate set by the local gas density and the dynamical/cooling timescale. The energetic feedback from stellar evolution is assumed to heat the gas-surrounding regions of ongoing star formation, where it is radiated away very rapidly. The star formation algorithm thus has little effect on the rate at which gas cools and collapses, and, as a result, most galaxies form their stars very early. Luminosities are computed for each model galaxy using their full star formation histories and the latest spectrophotometric models. We find that the stellar mass of model galaxies is proportional to the total baryonic mass within the virial radius of their surrounding halos. Circular velocity then correlates tightly with the total luminosity of the galaxy, which reflects the equivalence between mass and circular velocity of systems identified in a cosmological context. The slope of the relation steepens slightly from the blue to the red bandpasses and is in fairly good agreement with observations. Its scatter is small, decreasing from ~0.38 mag in the U band to ~0.24 mag in the K band. The particular cosmological model we explore here seems unable to account for the zero point of the correlation. Model galaxies are too faint at z=0 (by about 2 mag) if the circular velocity at the edge of the luminous galaxy is used as an estimator of the rotation speed. The model Tully-Fisher relation is brighter in the past by ~0.7 mag in the B band at z=1, which is at odds with recent observations of z~1 galaxies. We conclude that the slope and tightness of the Tully-Fisher relation can be naturally explained in hierarchical models, but that its normalization and evolution depend strongly on the star formation algorithm
Quantum Fisher information of the Greenberg-Horne-Zeilinger state in decoherence channels
Ma, Jian; Huang, Yi-Xiao; Wang, Xiaoguang; Sun, C. P.
2011-08-01
Quantum Fisher information of a parameter characterizes the sensitivity of the state with respect to changes of the parameter. In this article, we study the quantum Fisher information of a state with respect to SU(2) rotations under three decoherence channels: the amplitude-damping, phase-damping, and depolarizing channels. The initial state is chosen to be a Greenberg-Horne-Zeilinger state of which the phase sensitivity can achieve the Heisenberg limit. By using the Kraus operator representation, the quantum Fisher information is obtained analytically. We observe the decay and sudden change of the quantum Fisher information in all three channels.
Fisher information as a performance metric for locally optimum processing
Duan, Fabing; Abbott, Derek
2011-01-01
For a known weak signal in additive white noise, the asymptotic performance of a locally optimum processor (LOP) is shown to be given by the Fisher information (FI) of a standardized even probability density function (PDF) of noise in three cases: (i) the maximum signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) gain for a periodic signal; (ii) the optimal asymptotic relative efficiency (ARE) for signal detection; (iii) the best cross-correlation gain (CG) for signal transmission. The minimal FI is unity, corresponding to a Gaussian PDF, whereas the FI is certainly larger than unity for any non-Gaussian PDFs. In the sense of a realizable LOP, it is found that the dichotomous noise PDF possesses an infinite FI for known weak signals perfectly processed by the corresponding LOP. The significance of FI lies in that it provides a upper bound for the performance of locally optimum processing.
Semisupervised Kernel Marginal Fisher Analysis for Face Recognition
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Ziqiang Wang
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Dimensionality reduction is a key problem in face recognition due to the high-dimensionality of face image. To effectively cope with this problem, a novel dimensionality reduction algorithm called semisupervised kernel marginal Fisher analysis (SKMFA for face recognition is proposed in this paper. SKMFA can make use of both labelled and unlabeled samples to learn the projection matrix for nonlinear dimensionality reduction. Meanwhile, it can successfully avoid the singularity problem by not calculating the matrix inverse. In addition, in order to make the nonlinear structure captured by the data-dependent kernel consistent with the intrinsic manifold structure, a manifold adaptive nonparameter kernel is incorporated into the learning process of SKMFA. Experimental results on three face image databases demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed algorithm.
Miller-Fisher syndrome associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia
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Aki Zeynep
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL is a frequent hematological malignancy, with meningeal or peripheral nerve infiltrations being the most commonly encountered neurological complications. In this report, we describe a CLL patient with Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS who responded to immune modulation with plasmapheresis. A 47-year-old man diagnosed as B-cell CLL admitted with neutropenic fever. He complained of diplopia and numbness of both arms. Neurological examination revealed a bilateral external ophthalmoplegia, dysphagia, dysarthria, mild shoulder girdle muscle weakness and gait ataxia, accompanied by absent tendon reflexes. Nerve conduction studies were indicative of a predominantly axonal sensori-motor peripheral neuropathy. This association of CLL with MFS had not been previously reported in the literature.
Detailed HI kinematics of Tully-Fisher calibrator galaxies
Ponomareva, Anastasia A; Bosma, Albert
2016-01-01
We present spatially-resolved HI kinematics of 32 spiral galaxies which have Cepheid or/and Tip of the Red Giant Branch distances, and define a calibrator sample for the Tully-Fisher relation. The interferometric HI data for this sample were collected from available archives and supplemented with new GMRT observations. This paper describes an uniform analysis of the HI kinematics of this inhomogeneous data set. Our main result is an atlas for our calibrator sample that presents global HI profiles, integrated HI column-density maps, HI surface density profiles and, most importantly, detailed kinematic information in the form of high-quality rotation curves derived from highly-resolved, two-dimensional velocity fields and position-velocity diagrams.
Systematic Bias in Cosmic Shear: Beyond the Fisher Matrix
Amara, Adam
2007-01-01
We describe a method for computing the biases that systematic signals introduce in parameter estimation using a simple extension of the Fisher matrix formalism. This allows us to calculate the offset of the best fit parameters relative to the fiducial model, in addition to the usual statistical error ellipse. As an application, we study the impact that residual systematics in tomographic weak lensing measurements. In particular we explore three different types of shape measurement systematics: (i) additive systematic with no redshift evolution; (ii) additive systematic with redshift evolution; and (iii) multiplicative systematic. In each case, we consider a wide range of scale dependence and redshift evolution of the systematics signal. For a future DUNE-like full sky survey, we find that, for cases with mild redshift evolution, the variance of the additive systematic signal should be kept below 10^-7 to ensure biases on cosmological parameters that are sub-dominant to the statistical errors. For the multipli...
Transit Light Curves with Finite Integration Time: Fisher Information Analysis
Price, Ellen M
2014-01-01
Kepler has revolutionized the study of transiting planets with its unprecedented photometric precision on more than 150,000 target stars. Most of the transiting planet candidates detected by Kepler have been observed as long-cadence targets with 30 minute integration times, and the upcoming Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) will record full frame images with a similar integration time. Integrations of 30 minutes affect the transit shape, particularly for small planets and in cases of low signal-to-noise. Using the Fisher information matrix technique, we derive analytic approximations for the variances and covariances on the transit parameters obtained from fitting light curve photometry collected with a finite integration time. We find that binning the light curve can significantly increase the uncertainties and covariances on the inferred parameters when comparing scenarios with constant total signal-to-noise (constant total integration time in the absence of read noise). Uncertainties on the tran...
Maximum likelihood method and Fisher's information in physics and econophysics
Syska, Jacek
2012-01-01
Three steps in the development of the maximum likelihood (ML) method are presented. At first, the application of the ML method and Fisher information notion in the model selection analysis is described (Chapter 1). The fundamentals of differential geometry in the construction of the statistical space are introduced, illustrated also by examples of the estimation of the exponential models. At second, the notions of the relative entropy and the information channel capacity are introduced (Chapter 2). The observed and expected structural information principle (IP) and the variational IP of the modified extremal physical information (EPI) method of Frieden and Soffer are presented and discussed (Chapter 3). The derivation of the structural IP based on the analyticity of the logarithm of the likelihood function and on the metricity of the statistical space of the system is given. At third, the use of the EPI method is developed (Chapters 4-5). The information channel capacity is used for the field theory models cl...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Heyberger, Bernard
2010-12-01
Full Text Available As an expert in Arabic documents in the “Republic of Letters”, Abraham Ecchellensis devoted himself in his work to an attempt at synthesis that was characteristic of his time: he tried to reconcile contemporary scholars’ expectations of specialised knowledge both with his Catholic and controversialist commitments and with his status, in his role as a Maronite, as a spokesman for Arabic and even Muslim culture. Ecchellensis provided the public with translations of Arabic Muslim philosophical and scientific texts which he deemed to have drawn on universal “wisdom”. However, a disinterested curiosity concerning Islam could not be publicly advertised and had to be cloaked in the form of anti-Protestant controversy or Catholic apology. In the work of Ecchellensis this stance was accompanied by an expurgation of all Islamic terminology from the Arabic language and by a recourse to the Christian Arabic literature writen during the first centuries of the Hijra.
[fr] Expert en documents arabes dans la « République des Lettres », Abraham Ecchellensis se livre dans son oeuvre à un essai de synthèse caractéristique de son temps : il tente de concillier l’attente de connaissances des savants de son temps avec son engagement catholique et controversiste, et avec son identification, en tant que maronite, comme porte-parole de la culture arabe, y compris musulmane. Il fournit au public des traductions de textes philosophiques et scientifiques arabes musulmans qui lui paraissent participer d’une « sagesse » universelle. Mais une curiosité désintéressée pour l’islam ne peut s’afficher : elle doit prendre les formes de la controverse anti-protestante ou de l’apologie catholique. Chez Ecchellensis cette posture s’accompagne d’une expurgation de toute terminologie islamique dans la langue arabe, et d’un recours à la littérature arabe chrétienne élaboré aux premiers siècles de l’Hégire.
Nonparametric estimation of Fisher information from real data
Har-Shemesh, Omri; Quax, Rick; Miñano, Borja; Hoekstra, Alfons G.; Sloot, Peter M. A.
2016-02-01
The Fisher information matrix (FIM) is a widely used measure for applications including statistical inference, information geometry, experiment design, and the study of criticality in biological systems. The FIM is defined for a parametric family of probability distributions and its estimation from data follows one of two paths: either the distribution is assumed to be known and the parameters are estimated from the data or the parameters are known and the distribution is estimated from the data. We consider the latter case which is applicable, for example, to experiments where the parameters are controlled by the experimenter and a complicated relation exists between the input parameters and the resulting distribution of the data. Since we assume that the distribution is unknown, we use a nonparametric density estimation on the data and then compute the FIM directly from that estimate using a finite-difference approximation to estimate the derivatives in its definition. The accuracy of the estimate depends on both the method of nonparametric estimation and the difference Δ θ between the densities used in the finite-difference formula. We develop an approach for choosing the optimal parameter difference Δ θ based on large deviations theory and compare two nonparametric density estimation methods, the Gaussian kernel density estimator and a novel density estimation using field theory method. We also compare these two methods to a recently published approach that circumvents the need for density estimation by estimating a nonparametric f divergence and using it to approximate the FIM. We use the Fisher information of the normal distribution to validate our method and as a more involved example we compute the temperature component of the FIM in the two-dimensional Ising model and show that it obeys the expected relation to the heat capacity and therefore peaks at the phase transition at the correct critical temperature.
Dahl, Gerhard
2016-10-01
The now available unabridged correspondence between Freud and Abraham leads to a re-evaluation of the significance of Abraham's work. The author proposes the thesis that clinical observations by Karl Abraham of the ambivalence of object relations and the destructive-sadistic aspects of orality have an important influence on the advancement of psychoanalytical theory. The phantasy problem of the Wolf Man and the question of the pathogenic relevance of early actual, or merely imagined traumata led Freud to doubt the validity of his theory. He attempted repeatedly to solve this problem using libido theory, but failed because of his problematic conception of oral erotics. The pathogenic effect of presymbolic traumatizations cannot be demonstrated scientifically because of the still underdeveloped brain in the early stage of the child's development. Consequently, the important empirical evidence of a scientific neurosis theory could not be provided. A revision of the theory of the instincts thus became necessary. With Abraham's clinical contributions and other pathologic evidence, Freud was, with some reservation, forced to modify his idea of oral erotics by ascribing to it a status of a merely constructed and fictive phase of oral organization. A solution was eventually facilitated via recognition of non-erotic aggression and destruction, thereby opening libido theory to fundamental revisions. Driven by the desire to develop a scientific theory, Freud initially had, in his first theory of the instincts, assumed a strongly causal-deterministic view on Psychic Function. His third revision of theory of the instincts, Beyond the Pleasure Principle including the death instinct hypothesis, considered the hermeneutic aspect of psychoanalytic theory, which had previously existed only implicitly in his theory. Further development of the death instinct hypothesis by Melanie Klein and her successors abandoned quantitative-economic and causal-deterministic principles, and instead
Fisher Information, Entropy, and the Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics
We propose Fisher Information as a new calculable thermodynamic property that can be shown to follow the Second and the Third Laws of Thermodynamics. Fisher Information is, however, qualitatively different from entropy and potentially possessing a great deal more structure. Hence...
Income diversification and fishing practices among artisanal fishers on the Malindi-Kilifi coast
Hoorweg, J.C.; Versleijen, N.; Wangila, B.; Degen, A.
2006-01-01
The fishing practices of fishers at ten landing sites in Malindi and Kilifi Districts that were surveyed in 1999 as part of a larger research project are discussed in this article. The focus of the research was on income diversification among fishers, pressure on marine resources and the relationshi
THE TULLY-FISHER RELATION FOR LOW SURFACE BRIGHTNESS GALAXIES - IMPLICATIONS FOR GALAXY EVOLUTION
Zwaan, M.A.; VAN DER HULST, JM; DE BLOK, WJG; MCGAUGH, SS
1995-01-01
We present the B-band Tully-Fisher relation for low surface brightness (LSB) galaxies. These LSB galaxies follow the same Tully-Fisher relation as normal spiral galaxies. This implies that the mass-to-light ratio (M/L) of LSB galaxies is typically a factor of 2 larger than that of normal galaxies of
Piegorsch, W W
1990-12-01
R. A. Fisher is widely respected for his contributions to both statistics and genetics. For instance, his 1930 text on The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection remains a watershed contribution in that area. Fisher's subsequent research led him to study the work of (Johann) Gregor Mendel, the 19th century monk who first developed the basic principles of heredity with experiments on garden peas. In examining Mendel's original 1865 article, Fisher noted that the conformity between Mendel's reported and proposed (theoretical) ratios of segregating individuals was unusually good, "too good" perhaps. The resulting controversy as to whether Mendel "cooked" his data for presentation has continued to the current day. This review highlights Fisher's most salient points as regards Mendel's "too good" fit, within the context of Fisher's extensive contributions to the development of genetical and evolutionary theory.
Management decision making for fisher populations informed by occupancy modeling
Fuller, Angela K.; Linden, Daniel W.; Royle, J. Andrew
2016-01-01
Harvest data are often used by wildlife managers when setting harvest regulations for species because the data are regularly collected and do not require implementation of logistically and financially challenging studies to obtain the data. However, when harvest data are not available because an area had not previously supported a harvest season, alternative approaches are required to help inform management decision making. When distribution or density data are required across large areas, occupancy modeling is a useful approach, and under certain conditions, can be used as a surrogate for density. We collaborated with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) to conduct a camera trapping study across a 70,096-km2 region of southern New York in areas that were currently open to fisher (Pekania [Martes] pennanti) harvest and those that had been closed to harvest for approximately 65 years. We used detection–nondetection data at 826 sites to model occupancy as a function of site-level landscape characteristics while accounting for sampling variation. Fisher occupancy was influenced positively by the proportion of conifer and mixed-wood forest within a 15-km2 grid cell and negatively associated with road density and the proportion of agriculture. Model-averaged predictions indicated high occupancy probabilities (>0.90) when road densities were low (0.50). Predicted occupancy ranged 0.41–0.67 in wildlife management units (WMUs) currently open to trapping, which could be used to guide a minimum occupancy threshold for opening new areas to trapping seasons. There were 5 WMUs that had been closed to trapping but had an average predicted occupancy of 0.52 (0.07 SE), and above the threshold of 0.41. These areas are currently under consideration by NYSDEC for opening a conservative harvest season. We demonstrate the use of occupancy modeling as an aid to management decision making when harvest-related data are unavailable and when budgetary
Hill, Nicholas A O; Rowcliffe, J Marcus; Koldewey, Heather J; Milner-Gulland, E J
2012-04-01
Alternative occupations are frequently promoted as a means to reduce the number of people exploiting declining fisheries. However, there is little evidence that alternative occupations reduce fisher numbers. Seaweed farming is frequently promoted as a lucrative alternative occupation for artisanal fishers in Southeast Asia. We examined how the introduction of seaweed farming has affected village-level changes in the number of fishers on Danajon Bank, central Philippines, where unsustainable fishing has led to declining fishery yields. To determine how fisher numbers had changed since seaweed farming started, we interviewed the heads of household from 300 households in 10 villages to examine their perceptions of how fisher numbers had changed in their village and the reasons they associated with these changes. We then asked key informants (people with detailed knowledge of village members) to estimate fisher numbers in these villages before seaweed farming began and at the time of the survey. We compared the results of how fisher numbers had changed in each village with the wealth, education, seaweed farm sizes, and other attributes of households in these villages, which we collected through interviews, and with village-level factors such as distance to markets. We also asked people why they either continued to engage in or ceased fishing. In four villages, respondents thought seaweed farming and low fish catches had reduced fisher numbers, at least temporarily. In one of these villages, there was a recent return to fishing due to declines in the price of seaweed and increased theft of seaweed. In another four villages, fisher numbers increased as human population increased, despite the widespread uptake of seaweed farming. Seaweed farming failed for technical reasons in two other villages. Our results suggest seaweed farming has reduced fisher numbers in some villages, a result that may be correlated with socioeconomic status, but the heterogeneity of outcomes is
The Tully-Fisher Relation of COLD GASS Galaxies
Tiley, Alfred L; Saintonge, Amélie; Topal, Selcuk; Davis, Timothy A; Torii, Kazufumi
2016-01-01
We present the stellar mass ($M_{*}$) and Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) absolute Band 1 magnitude ($M_{W1}$) Tully-Fisher relations (TFRs) of subsets of galaxies from the CO Legacy Database for the Galex Arecibo SDSS Survey (COLD GASS). We examine the benefits and drawbacks of several commonly used fitting functions in the context of measuring CO(1-0) line widths (and thus rotation velocities), favouring the Gaussian Double Peak function. We find the $M_{W1}$ and $M_{*}$ TFR, for a carefully selected sub-sample, to be $M_{W1} = (-7.1\\pm0.6) \\left[\\log{\\left(\\frac{W_{50}/\\sin{i}}{\\text{km~s}^{-1}}\\right)}-2.58\\right] - 23.83\\pm0.09$ and $\\log{(M_{*}/M_{\\odot})} = (3.3\\pm0.3) \\left[\\log{\\left(\\frac{W_{50}/\\sin{i}}{\\text{km~s}^{-1}}\\right)}-2.58\\right] + 10.51\\pm0.04$, respectively, where $W_{50}$ is the width of a galaxy's CO(1-0) integrated profile at $50\\%$ of its maximum and the inclination $i$ is derived from the galaxy axial ratio measured on the SDSS $r$-band image. We find no evidence for an...
Reproductive Biology of Leptocybe invasa Fisher & La Salle (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).
Zheng, X-L; Huang, Z-Y; Li, J; Yang, Z-D; Yang, X-H; Lu, W
2017-03-14
Leptocybe invasa Fisher & La Salle (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is an invasive pest in Eucalyptus plantations around the world. The successful colonization of L. invasa is possibly related to its reproductive biology. The objective of this study was to examine the reproductive biology of L. invasa. In Guangxi Province, the sex ratio (proportion of female, 0.99) of L. invasa was female-dominant throughout the year based on natural and artificial infestation. This result was similar to the ratios observed for other geographic populations in China, including those in Fujian (0.99), Guangdong (0.98), Hainan (0.95), Jiangxi (0.96), and Sichuan (0.99). The offspring sex ratio favored females. A large number of females emerged from the galls produced by females, with few males found. Galls on the petioles and midribs of Eucalyptus plants could be caused by newly emerged females with mature eggs. The lengths of the ovariole, spermatheca, common oviduct, and reproductive glands did not differ among L. invasa females, but their lateral oviducts showed differences from 0 to 42 h after emergence, indicating that this insect is proovigenic. These results could explain why L. invasa populations can rapidly increase in invaded areas.
Hellmann–Feynman connection for the relative Fisher information
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Venkatesan, R.C., E-mail: ravi@systemsresearchcorp.com [Systems Research Corporation, Aundh, Pune 411007 (India); Plastino, A., E-mail: plastino@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [IFLP, National University La Plata & National Research (CONICET) C. C., 727 1900, La Plata (Argentina)
2015-08-15
The (i) reciprocity relations for the relative Fisher information (RFI, hereafter) and (ii) a generalized RFI–Euler theorem are self-consistently derived from the Hellmann–Feynman theorem. These new reciprocity relations generalize the RFI–Euler theorem and constitute the basis for building up a mathematical Legendre transform structure (LTS, hereafter), akin to that of thermodynamics, that underlies the RFI scenario. This demonstrates the possibility of translating the entire mathematical structure of thermodynamics into a RFI-based theoretical framework. Virial theorems play a prominent role in this endeavor, as a Schrödinger-like equation can be associated to the RFI. Lagrange multipliers are determined invoking the RFI–LTS link and the quantum mechanical virial theorem. An appropriate ansatz allows for the inference of probability density functions (pdf’s, hereafter) and energy-eigenvalues of the above mentioned Schrödinger-like equation. The energy-eigenvalues obtained here via inference are benchmarked against established theoretical and numerical results. A principled theoretical basis to reconstruct the RFI-framework from the FIM framework is established. Numerical examples for exemplary cases are provided. - Highlights: • Legendre transform structure for the RFI is obtained with the Hellmann–Feynman theorem. • Inference of the energy-eigenvalues of the SWE-like equation for the RFI is accomplished. • Basis for reconstruction of the RFI framework from the FIM-case is established. • Substantial qualitative and quantitative distinctions with prior studies are discussed.
The Local Tully–Fisher Relation for Dwarf Galaxies
Karachentsev, Igor D.; Kaisina, Elena I.; Kashibadze (Nasonova, Olga G.
2017-01-01
We study different incarnations of the Tully–Fisher (TF) relation for the Local Volume (LV) galaxies taken from Updated Nearby Galaxy Catalog. The UNGC sample contains 656 galaxies with W50 H i-line-width estimates, mostly belonging to low-mass dwarfs. Of them, 296 objects have distances measured with accuracies better than 10%. For the sample of 331 LV galaxies having baryonic masses {log}{M}{bar}> 5.8{log} {M}ȯ , we obtain a relation {log}{M}{bar}=2.49{log}{W}50+3.97 with an observed scatter of 0.38 dex. The largest factors affecting the scatter are observational errors in K-band magnitudes and W50 line widths for the tiny dwarfs, as well as uncertainty of their inclinations. We find that accounting for the surface brightness of the LV galaxies or their gas fraction, specific star-formation rate, or isolation index does not essentially reduce the observed scatter on the baryonic TF diagram. We also notice that a sample of 71 dSph satellites of the Milky Way and M31 with a known stellar velocity dispersion σ* tends to follow nearly the same bTF relation, having slightly lower masses than that of late-type dwarfs.
The local Tully-Fisher relation for dwarf galaxies
Karachentsev, Igor D; Kashibadze, Olga G
2016-01-01
We study different incarnations of the Tully-Fisher (TF) relation for the Local Volume (LV) galaxies taken from Updated Nearby Galaxy Catalog. The UNGC sample contains 656 galaxies with $W_{50}$ HI-line-width estimates, mostly belonging to low mass dwarfs. Of them, 296 objects have distances measured with accuracy better than 10%. For the sample of 331 LV galaxies having baryonic masses $\\log M_{bar} > 5.8 \\log M_\\odot$ we obtain a relation $\\log M_{bar}= 2.49 \\log W_{50} + 3.97$ with observed scatter of 0.38 dex. The largest factors affecting the scatter are observational errors in $K$-band magnitudes and $W_{50}$ line widths for the tiny dwarfs, as well as uncertainty of their inclinations. We find that accounting for the surface brightness of the LV galaxies, or their gas fraction, or specific star formation rate, or the isolation index do not reduce essentially the observed scatter on the baryonic TF-diagram. We also notice that a sample of 71 dSph satellites of the Milky Way and M31 with known stellar ve...
The Complete Gabor-Fisher Classifier for Robust Face Recognition
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Štruc Vitomir
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract This paper develops a novel face recognition technique called Complete Gabor Fisher Classifier (CGFC. Different from existing techniques that use Gabor filters for deriving the Gabor face representation, the proposed approach does not rely solely on Gabor magnitude information but effectively uses features computed based on Gabor phase information as well. It represents one of the few successful attempts found in the literature of combining Gabor magnitude and phase information for robust face recognition. The novelty of the proposed CGFC technique comes from (1 the introduction of a Gabor phase-based face representation and (2 the combination of the recognition technique using the proposed representation with classical Gabor magnitude-based methods into a unified framework. The proposed face recognition framework is assessed in a series of face verification and identification experiments performed on the XM2VTS, Extended YaleB, FERET, and AR databases. The results of the assessment suggest that the proposed technique clearly outperforms state-of-the-art face recognition techniques from the literature and that its performance is almost unaffected by the presence of partial occlusions of the facial area, changes in facial expression, or severe illumination changes.
Using Fisher information to track stability in multivariate systems
Derrible, Sybil; Eason, Tarsha; Cabezas, Heriberto
2016-01-01
With the current proliferation of data, the proficient use of statistical and mining techniques offer substantial benefits to capture useful information from any dataset. As numerous approaches make use of information theory concepts, here, we discuss how Fisher information (FI) can be applied to sustainability science problems and used in data mining applications by analysing patterns in data. FI was developed as a measure of information content in data, and it has been adapted to assess order in complex system behaviour. The main advantage of the approach is the ability to collapse multiple variables into an index that can be used to assess stability and track overall trends in a system, including its regimes and regime shifts. Here, we provide a brief overview of FI theory, followed by a simple step-by-step numerical example on how to compute FI. Furthermore, we introduce an open source Python library that can be freely downloaded from GitHub and we use it in a simple case study to evaluate the evolution of FI for the global-mean temperature from 1880 to 2015. Results indicate significant declines in FI starting in 1978, suggesting a possible regime shift. PMID:28018650
A one-class kernel fisher criterion for outlier detection.
Dufrenois, Franck
2015-05-01
Recently, Dufrenois and Noyer proposed a one class Fisher's linear discriminant to isolate normal data from outliers. In this paper, a kernelized version of their criterion is presented. Originally on the basis of an iterative optimization process, alternating between subspace selection and clustering, I show here that their criterion has an upper bound making these two problems independent. In particular, the estimation of the label vector is formulated as an unconstrained binary linear problem (UBLP) which can be solved using an iterative perturbation method. Once the label vector is estimated, an optimal projection subspace is obtained by solving a generalized eigenvalue problem. Like many other kernel methods, the performance of the proposed approach depends on the choice of the kernel. Constructed with a Gaussian kernel, I show that the proposed contrast measure is an efficient indicator for selecting an optimal kernel width. This property simplifies the model selection problem which is typically solved by costly (generalized) cross-validation procedures. Initialization, convergence analysis, and computational complexity are also discussed. Lastly, the proposed algorithm is compared with recent novelty detectors on synthetic and real data sets.
Quantum Fisher information as signature of superradiant quantum phase transition
Wang, T L; Yang, W; Jin, G R; Lambert, N; Nori, F
2013-01-01
The single-mode Dicke model is well-known to undergo a quantum phase transition from the so-called normal phase to the supperradiant phase (hereinafter called the "superradiant quantum phase transition"). Normally, quantum phase transitions are closely related to the critical behavior of quantities such as entanglement, quantum fluctuations, and fidelity. In this paper, we study quantum Fisher information (QFI) of the field mode and that of the atoms in the ground state of the Dicke Hamiltonian. For finite and large enough number of atoms N, our numerical results show that near the critical atom-field coupling, the QFIs of the atomic and the field subsystems can surpass the classical limits, due to the appearance of nonclassical squeezed states. As the coupling increases far beyond the critical point, the two subsystems are in highly mixed states, which degrade the QFI and hence the ultimate phase sensitivity. In the thermodynamic limit, we present analytical results of the QFIs and their relationships with t...
Monotone traveling wavefronts of the KPP-Fisher delayed equation
Gomez, Adrian; Trofimchuk, Sergei
In the early 2000's, Gourley (2000), Wu et al. (2001), Ashwin et al. (2002) initiated the study of the positive wavefronts in the delayed Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov-Fisher equation u(t,x)=Δu(t,x)+u(t,x)(1-u(t-h,x)), u⩾0, x∈R. Since then, this model has become one of the most popular objects in the studies of traveling waves for the monostable delayed reaction-diffusion equations. In this paper, we give a complete solution to the problem of existence and uniqueness of monotone waves in Eq. (*). We show that each monotone traveling wave can be found via an iteration procedure. The proposed approach is based on the use of special monotone integral operators (which are different from the usual Wu-Zou operator) and appropriate upper and lower solutions associated to them. The analysis of the asymptotic expansions of the eventual traveling fronts at infinity is another key ingredient of our approach.
ASYMBOOST-BASED FISHER LINEAR CLASSIFIER FOR FACE RECOGNITION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wang Xianji; Ye Xueyi; Li Bin; Li Xin; Zhuang Zhenquan
2008-01-01
When using AdaBoost to select discriminant features from some feature space (e.g. Gabor feature space) for face recognition, cascade structure is usually adopted to leverage the asymmetry in the distribution of positive and negative samples. Each node in the cascade structure is a classifier trained by AdaBoost with an asymmetric learning goal of high recognition rate but only moderate low false positive rate. One limitation of AdaBoost arises in the context of skewed example distribution and cascade classifiers: AdaBoost minimizes the classification error, which is not guaranteed to achieve the asymmetric node learning goal. In this paper, we propose to use the asymmetric AdaBoost (Asym-Boost) as a mechanism to address the asymmetric node learning goal. Moreover, the two parts of the selecting features and forming ensemble classifiers are decoupled, both of which occur simultaneously in AsymBoost and AdaBoost. Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis (FLDA) is used on the selected features to learn a linear discriminant function that maximizes the separability of data among the different classes, which we think can improve the recognition performance. The proposed algorithm is dem onstrated with face recognition using a Gabor based representation on the FERET database. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm yields better recognition performance than AdaBoost itself.
Trichloroethylene induces dopaminergic neurodegeneration in Fisher 344 rats.
Liu, Mei; Choi, Dong-Young; Hunter, Randy L; Pandya, Jignesh D; Cass, Wayne A; Sullivan, Patrick G; Kim, Hyoung-Chun; Gash, Don M; Bing, Guoying
2010-02-01
Trichloroethylene, a chlorinated solvent widely used as a degreasing agent, is a common environmental contaminant. Emerging evidence suggests that chronic exposure to trichloroethylene may contribute to the development of Parkinson's disease. The purpose of this study was to determine if selective loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons could be reproduced by systemic exposure of adult Fisher 344 rats to trichloroethylene. In our experiments, oral administration of trichloroethylene induced a significant loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the number of both cholinergic and GABAergic neurons were not decreased in the striatum. There was a robust decline in striatal levels of 3, 4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid without a significant depletion of striatal dopamine. Rats treated with trichloroethylene showed defects in rotarod behavior test. We also found a significantly reduced mitochondrial complex I activity with elevated oxidative stress markers and activated microglia in the nigral area. In addition, we observed intracellular alpha-synuclein accumulation in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve, with some in nigral neurons, but little in neurons of cerebral cortex. Overall, our animal model exhibits some important features of Parkinsonism, and further supports that trichloroethylene may be an environmental risk factors for Parkinson's disease.
The small scatter of the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation
Lelli, Federico; Schombert, James M
2015-01-01
In a LCDM cosmology, the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation (BTFR) is expected to show significant intrinsic scatter resulting from the mass-concentration relation of dark matter halos and the baryonic-to-halo mass ratio. We study the BTFR using a sample of 118 disc galaxies (spirals and irregulars) with data of the highest quality: extended HI rotation curves (tracing the outer velocity) and Spitzer photometry at 3.6 $\\mu$m (tracing the stellar mass). Assuming that the stellar mass-to-light ratio (M*/L) is nearly constant at 3.6 $\\mu$m, we find that the scatter, slope, and normalization of the BTFR systematically vary with the adopted M*/L. The observed scatter is minimized for M*/L > 0.5, corresponding to nearly maximal discs in high-surface-brightness galaxies and BTFR slopes close to ~4. For any reasonable value of M*/L, the intrinsic scatter is ~0.1 dex, below general LCDM expectations. The residuals show no correlations with galaxy structural parameters (radius or surface brightness), contrary to the predic...
Localized Fisher vector representation for pathology detection in chest radiographs
Geva, Ofer; Lieberman, Sivan; Konen, Eli; Greenspan, Hayit
2016-03-01
In this work, we present a novel framework for automatic detection of abnormalities in chest radiographs. The representation model is based on the Fisher Vector encoding method. In the representation process, we encode each chest radiograph using a set of extracted local descriptors. These include localized texture features that address typical local texture abnormalities as well as spatial features. Using a Gaussian Mixture Model, a rich image descriptor is generated for each chest radiograph. An improved representation is obtained by selection of features that correspond to the relevant region of interest for each pathology. Categorization of the X-ray images is conducted using supervised learning and the SVM classifier. The proposed system was tested on a dataset of 636 chest radiographs taken from a real clinical environment. We measured the performance in terms of area (AUC) under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results show an AUC value of 0.878 for abnormal mediastinum detection, and AUC values of 0.827 and 0.817 for detection of right and left lung opacities, respectively. These results improve upon the state-of-the-art as compared with two alternative representation models.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adrian Arias
2013-12-01
Full Text Available Understanding fishers' compliance is essential for the successful management of marine protected areas. We used the random response technique (RRT to assess recreational fishers' compliance with no-take zones in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP. The RRT allowed the asking of a sensitive question, i.e., "Did you, knowingly, fish within in a Green Zone during the last 12 months?" while protecting respondents' confidentiality. Application of the RRT through a survey of recreational fishers indicated that the majority of recreational fishers, 90%, comply with no-take zones. Likewise, most fishers, 92%, reported not personally knowing anyone who had intentionally fished in a no-take zone, indicating that fishers' perceive high levels of compliance among their peers. Fishers were motivated to comply with no-take zones primarily by their beliefs about penalties for noncompliance, followed by beliefs about the fishery benefits of no-take zones. Results suggest that compliance-related communication efforts by the managing authority have partially succeeded in maintaining appropriate compliance levels and that future efforts should accentuate normative compliance drivers that will encourage voluntary compliance. We conclude that compliance monitoring should be integrated into the adaptive management of the GBRMP and other protected areas; in this case social surveys using the RRT are effective tools.
Fisher and diver perceptions of coral reef degradation and implications for sustainable management
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ayana Elizabeth Johnson
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Fishers and divers are the major resource users of Caribbean coral reefs. On Curaçao and Bonaire, reef condition is good relative to the Caribbean average, but fishes and corals have greatly declined over the last few decades. We interviewed 177 fishers and 211 professional SCUBA divers to assess their views on the extent and causes of degradation. Fishers know fish stocks are severely depleted and declining, whereas divers were aware of declines but had “shifted baselines” and consider the reefs healthy. Fishers and divers differ in perceptions of the causes and appropriate remedies for decline. Fishers generally blame external factors such as changes in climate, currents, or industrial fishing offshore, whereas divers primarily blame overfishing and coastal development. Nevertheless, the great majority of both fishers and divers support more management of both fishing and diving. Thus the social climate is ripe for balanced and strong restrictions on both groups for reef recovery and sustainable use. Exclusion of both fishers and divers from protected areas of significant size around the islands would be a major step forward towards the long-term conservation of reef resources.
Pollnac, Richard B.; Kotowicz, Dawn
2012-01-01
The paper examines job satisfaction among fishers in a tsunami-impacted area on the Andaman coast of Thailand. Following the tsunami, many predicted that fishers would be reluctant to resume their fishing activities. Observations in the fishing communities, however, indicated that as soon as fishers obtained replacements for equipment damaged by…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dedual, M.; Sague Pla, O.; Arlinghaus, R.
2013-01-01
included a lack of rigorous scientific information transfer from scientists to fishers and managers, a fear from fishers that management actions will limit fishing opportunities, pre‐existing antagonism between commercial and recreational fisheries, and fishers' suspicion of science. Overcoming...... these issues is paramount to improve collaboration and participatory processes that help lead to robust, well‐accepted management actions....
Pollnac, Richard B.; Kotowicz, Dawn
2012-01-01
The paper examines job satisfaction among fishers in a tsunami-impacted area on the Andaman coast of Thailand. Following the tsunami, many predicted that fishers would be reluctant to resume their fishing activities. Observations in the fishing communities, however, indicated that as soon as fishers obtained replacements for equipment damaged by…
A Test of the Calibration of the Tully-Fisher Relation Using Cepheid and SNIa Distances
Shanks, T.
1997-01-01
We make a direct test of Tully-Fisher distance estimates to eleven spiral galaxies with HST Cepheid distances and to twelve spiral galaxies with SNIa distances. The HST Cepheid distances come from the work of Freedman (1997), Sandage et al (1996) and Tanvir et al (1995). The SNIa distances come from Pierce (1994), calibrated using the Cepheid results of Sandage et al (1996). The Tully-Fisher distances mostly come from the work of Pierce (1994). The results show that the Tully-Fisher distance ...
Transit light curves with finite integration time: Fisher information analysis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Price, Ellen M. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Rogers, Leslie A. [California Institute of Technology, MC249-17, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
2014-10-10
Kepler has revolutionized the study of transiting planets with its unprecedented photometric precision on more than 150,000 target stars. Most of the transiting planet candidates detected by Kepler have been observed as long-cadence targets with 30 minute integration times, and the upcoming Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite will record full frame images with a similar integration time. Integrations of 30 minutes affect the transit shape, particularly for small planets and in cases of low signal to noise. Using the Fisher information matrix technique, we derive analytic approximations for the variances and covariances on the transit parameters obtained from fitting light curve photometry collected with a finite integration time. We find that binning the light curve can significantly increase the uncertainties and covariances on the inferred parameters when comparing scenarios with constant total signal to noise (constant total integration time in the absence of read noise). Uncertainties on the transit ingress/egress time increase by a factor of 34 for Earth-size planets and 3.4 for Jupiter-size planets around Sun-like stars for integration times of 30 minutes compared to instantaneously sampled light curves. Similarly, uncertainties on the mid-transit time for Earth and Jupiter-size planets increase by factors of 3.9 and 1.4. Uncertainties on the transit depth are largely unaffected by finite integration times. While correlations among the transit depth, ingress duration, and transit duration all increase in magnitude with longer integration times, the mid-transit time remains uncorrelated with the other parameters. We provide code in Python and Mathematica for predicting the variances and covariances at www.its.caltech.edu/∼eprice.
The different baryonic Tully-Fisher relations at low masses
Brook, Chris B.; Santos-Santos, Isabel; Stinson, Greg
2016-06-01
We compare the Baryonic Tully-Fisher relation (BTFR) of simulations and observations of galaxies ranging from dwarfs to spirals, using various measures of rotational velocity Vrot. We explore the BTFR when measuring Vrot at the flat part of the rotation curve, Vflat, at the extent of H I gas, Vlast, and using 20 per cent (W20) and 50 per cent (W50) of the width of H I line profiles. We also compare with the maximum circular velocity of the parent halo, V_max^DM, within dark matter only simulations. The different BTFRs increasingly diverge as galaxy mass decreases. Using Vlast one obtains a power law over four orders of magnitude in baryonic mass, with slope similar to the observed BTFR. Measuring Vflat gives similar results as Vlast when galaxies with rising rotation curves are excluded. However, higher rotation velocities would be found for low-mass galaxies if the cold gas extended far enough for Vrot to reach a maximum. W20 gives a similar slope as Vlast but with slightly lower values of Vrot for low-mass galaxies, although this may depend on the extent of the gas in your galaxy sample. W50 bends away from these other relations towards low velocities at low masses. By contrast, V_max^DM bends towards high velocities for low-mass galaxies, as cold gas does not extend out to the radius at which haloes reach V_max^DM. Our study highlights the need for careful comparisons between observations and models: one needs to be consistent about the particular method of measuring Vrot, and precise about the radius at which velocities are measured.
Cerebellar and pontine tegmental hypermetabolism in miller-fisher syndrome
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Yu Kyrong; Kim, Ji Soo; Lee, Won Woo; Kim, Sang Eun [Seoul National Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2007-07-01
Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) has been considered as a variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), a type of acute immune neuropathies involving peripheral nerve system. Unlike GBS, presence of cerebellar type ataxia and supranuclear ophthalmioplesia in MFS suggests additional involvement of the central nervous system. To determine involvement of the central nervous system in MFS, we investigated the cerebral metabolic abnormalities in patients with MFS using FDG PET. Nine patients who were diagnosed as MFS based on acute ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia without other identifiable causes participated in this study. In six patients, serum antibodies possibly related with symptom of MFS (anti- GQ1b or anti-GM1) were detected at the time of the study. With the interval of 25 26 days (range: 3-83 days) from the symptom on set, brain FDG PET were underwent in patients and compared with those from healthy controls. In group analysis comparing with healthy controls, FDG PET of patients revealed increased metabolism in the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres and vermis, and the thalamus. In contrast, the occipital cortex showed decreased metabolism. Individual analyses disclosed hypermetabolism in the cerebellar vermis or hemispheres in 5, and in the pontine tegmentum in 2 of the 9 patients. We also found that the cerebellar vermian hypermetabolism was inversely correlated with the interval between from the symptom on set to PET study. Moreover, follow-up PET of a patient demonstrated that cerebellar hypermetabolism decreased markedly with an improvement of the ophthalmoplegia and ataxia. These findings indicate an involvement of the central nervous system in MFS and suggest an antibody-associated acute inflammatory process as a mechanism of this disorder.
Nussbaum, Abraham M
2016-12-01
Abraham Verghese proposes to renew medicine by training physicians to read the right texts-literary fiction and patients' bodies-with skilled attention. Analyzing Verghese's proposal with reference to Foucault's idea of the "clinical gaze," I find that Verghese conceives of patients as texts that only physicians can read, meaning that physicians become the storytellers of the bodies, lives, and deaths of the people they meet as patients. I conclude that Verghese's project is unsustainable and alternatively propose thinking analogically of physicians as ship captains who maintain therapeutic distance to reopen interpretative spaces for communities outside of medicine.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Catherine Collomp
2006-04-01
Full Text Available Abraham Plotkin était membre du syndicat de la confection pour Dames, International Ladies Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU, dont il était un militant permanent (organizer sur la Côte Ouest des Etats Unis. Se trouvant cependant au chômage, comme des millions d’Américains affectés par la grande dépression économique, à l’automne 1932 il décida de partir pour l’Allemagne et d’y passer quelques mois. Ses motivations étaient politiques et syndicales. Plotkin était attiré par la forte tradition soc...
Determining the continuous family of quantum Fisher information from linear-response theory
Shitara, Tomohiro; Ueda, Masahito
2016-12-01
The quantum Fisher information represents a continuous family of metrics on the space of quantum states and places the fundamental limit on the accuracy of quantum state estimation. We show that the entire family of quantum Fisher information can be determined from linear-response theory through generalized covariances. We derive the generalized fluctuation-dissipation theorem that relates linear-response functions to generalized covariances and hence allows us to determine the quantum Fisher information from linear-response functions, which are experimentally measurable quantities. As an application, we examine the skew information, which is a quantum Fisher information, of a harmonic oscillator in thermal equilibrium, and show that the equality of the skew-information-based uncertainty relation holds.
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, Socioeconomic Study - FKNMS fisher 2003-04 panel
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This project describes results from the 2003-04 collection year from four panels of commercial fishers in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary: Dry Tortugas...
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, Socioeconomic Study - FKNMS Fishers 2005 panel
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This project describes results from the 2004-05 collection year from four panels of commercial fishers in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary: Dry Tortugas...
Lim, Jiunmin
2016-01-01
The marine and coastal ecosystem of Penang experiences problems with water pollution and overexploitation of fish stock is not a new phenomenon. The degradation of the marine and coastal ecosystem, coupled with natural hazards such as the 2004 tsunami, have affected the livelihoods of the inshore fishers and aquaculturists who depend on marine and coastal resources for a living. This study addresses the vulnerability and the coping strategies of the inshore fishers and aquaculturists (shrimp,...
Fisher information and quantum-classical field theory: classical statistics similarity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Syska, J. [Department of Field Theory and Particle Physics, Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)
2007-07-15
The classical statistics indication for the impossibility to derive quantum mechanics from classical mechanics is proved. The formalism of the statistical Fisher information is used. Next the Fisher information as a tool of the construction of a self-consistent field theory, which joins the quantum theory and classical field theory, is proposed. (copyright 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)
Combination of Cerebral Demyelination and Graves Disease in a Case with Miller Fisher Syndrome
Sibel Güler; Levent Sinan Bir
2010-01-01
A 44-year-old male patient with a diagnosis of Miller Fisher syndrome, Graves disease and central nervous system demyelination is presented. Clinical and laboratory findings supported the diagnosis of Miller Fisher syndrome. On T2-weighted sections of cranial magnetic resonance imaging, many ovoid-shaped, hyperintense lesions in bilateral deep white matter were detected. Magnetic resonance imaging spectroscopy demonstrated low N-acetylaspartate to creatine (NAA/Cr) ratio consistent with demye...
Behaviours and attitudes of recreational fishers toward safety at a ?blackspot.
Jasper, Randall; Stewart, Barbara A; Knight, Andrew
2017-01-27
Issue addressed: Recreational fishing, particularly rock fishing, can be dangerous; 30 fatalities were recorded in Western Australia from 2002-2014. This study investigates differences in behaviours and attitudes towards safety among fishers at a fishing fatality 'black spot' in Australia.Methods: A total of 236 fishers were surveyed at Salmon Holes, Western Australia in 2015. Fishers were grouped by country of origin and significant differences among groups for behaviours and attitudes towards personal safety were identified.Results: Of fishers surveyed, 53% were born in Asia. These fishers self-assessed as poorer swimmers (F=23.27, Plife jacket made fishing safer, 78% 'never' wore a life jacket while fishing.Conclusions: Some fishers who were poor swimmers and were aware of the dangers of rock fishing still choose to fish from rocks.So what?: Our results support the proposal that the wearing of life jackets should be promoted, if not made mandatory, while water safety education campaigns should be continued and target vulnerable communities.
Rapidly shifting environmental baselines among fishers of the Gulf of California
Sáenz-Arroyo, Andrea; Roberts, Callum M; Torre, Jorge; Cariño-Olvera, Micheline; Enríquez-Andrade, Roberto R
2005-01-01
Shifting environmental baselines are inter-generational changes in perception of the state of the environment. As one generation replaces another, people's perceptions of what is natural change even to the extent that they no longer believe historical anecdotes of past abundance or size of species. Although widely accepted, this phenomenon has yet to be quantitatively tested. Here we survey three generations of fishers from Mexico's Gulf of California (N=108), where fish populations have declined steeply over the last 60 years, to investigate how far and fast their environmental baselines are shifting. Compared to young fishers, old fishers named five times as many species and four times as many fishing sites as once being abundant/productive but now depleted (Kruskal–Wallis tests, both p<0.001) with no evidence of a slowdown in rates of loss experienced by younger compared to older generations (Kruskal–Wallis test, n.s. in both cases). Old fishers caught up to 25 times as many Gulf grouper Mycteroperca jordani as young fishers on their best ever fishing day (regression r2=0.62, p<0.001). Despite times of plentiful large fish still being within living memory, few young fishers appreciated that large species had ever been common or nearshore sites productive. Such rapid shifts in perception of what is natural help explain why society is tolerant of the creeping loss of biodiversity. They imply a large educational hurdle in efforts to reset expectations and targets for conservation. PMID:16191603
A Test of the Calibration of the Tully-Fisher Relation Using Cepheid and SNIa Distances
Shanks, T
1997-01-01
We make a direct test of Tully-Fisher distance estimates to eleven spiral galaxies with HST Cepheid distances and to twelve spiral galaxies with SNIa distances. The HST Cepheid distances come from the work of Freedman (1997), Sandage et al (1996) and Tanvir et al (1995). The SNIa distances come from Pierce (1994), calibrated using the Cepheid results of Sandage et al (1996). The Tully-Fisher distances mostly come from the work of Pierce (1994). The results show that the Tully-Fisher distance moduli are too short with respect to the Cepheid distances by 0.46+-0.14mag and too short with respect to the SNIa distances by 0.46+-0.19mag. Combining the HST Cepheid and SNIa data suggests that, overall, previous Tully-Fisher distances were too short by 0.46+-0.11mag, a result which is significant at the 4sigma level. These data therefore indicate that previous Tully-Fisher distances should be revised upwards by 24+-6% implying, for example, a Virgo distance of 19.3+-1.9Mpc. The value of Ho from Tully-Fisher estimates ...
Fishers' behaviour in response to the implementation of a Marine Protected Area.
Horta e Costa, Bárbara; Batista, Marisa I; Gonçalves, Leonel; Erzini, Karim; Caselle, Jennifer E; Cabral, Henrique N; Gonçalves, Emanuel J
2014-01-01
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have been widely proposed as a fisheries management tool in addition to their conservation purposes. Despite this, few studies have satisfactorily assessed the dynamics of fishers' adaptations to the loss of fishing grounds. Here we used data from before, during and after the implementation of the management plan of a temperate Atlantic multiple-use MPA to examine the factors affecting the spatial and temporal distribution of different gears used by the artisanal fishing fleet. The position of vessels and gear types were obtained by visual surveys and related to spatial features of the marine park. A hotspot analysis was conducted to identify heavily utilized patches for each fishing gear and time period. The contribution of individual vessels to each significant cluster was assessed to better understand fishers' choices. Different fisheries responded differently to the implementation of protection measures, with preferred habitats of target species driving much of the fishers' choices. Within each fishery, individual fishers showed distinct strategies with some operating in a broader area whereas others kept preferred territories. Our findings are based on reliable methods that can easily be applied in coastal multipurpose MPAs to monitor and assess fisheries and fishers responses to different management rules and protection levels. This paper is the first in-depth empirical study where fishers' choices from artisanal fisheries were analysed before, during and after the implementation of a MPA, thereby allowing a clearer understanding of the dynamics of local fisheries and providing significant lessons for marine conservation and management of coastal systems.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Matzkevich, Hernán
2015-12-01
Full Text Available Natural Philosophy of the 17th Century shares traits of hermetic-cabalistic mysticism and neoplatonism of the 16th Century. Works presenting this legacy, far from representing isolated cases, constitute the intelectual magma in which many of the debates which signed modern science were gestated. One of the paradigmatic representation of this stream is Anne Conway, who in her Principia Philosophiae attacks the Cartesian mechanism and dualism, supporting herself in monistic and espiritualistic doctrins of the matter that she takes directly from Isaac Luria´s cabalistic tradition represented by Abraham Cohen de Herrera and his Puerta del Cielo.La filosofía natural del siglo XVII comparte con el pensamiento del XVI rasgos de misticismo hermético-cabalístico y neoplatonismo. Las obras que presentan este legado, lejos de representar accidentes o casos aislados, constituyen el magma intelectual en el cual se gestaron muchos de los debates que signaron a la ciencia moderna. Representante paradigmática de esta corriente es Anne Conway, quien en sus Principia Philosophiae realiza un ataque al mecanicismo y al dualismo de cuño cartesiano apoyándose en doctrinas emanantistas, monistas y espiritualistas de la materia que toma directamente de la tradición cabalística luriánica representada por Abraham Cohen de Herrera y su Puerta del Cielo.
Chefranov, Sergey G
2012-01-01
On the base of the Hamilton theory for the time-like photon in isotropic dielectric with refraction index n (S.Antoci, et.al, 2007), we suggest generalization of the Einstein-Plank-Richardson law for the value of the light energy quantum in medium:E=h*nu*n, where h is the Plank's constant, and nu is the light frequency. By use of this new quantum law, we resolve the famous contradiction between de Broglie and Einstein's theories, related with the old Abraham-Minkowski dilemma in the definition of the photon momentum value p (in the medium for n>1). We show that the same value p=p_a=E/(c*n)(c is the speed of light in vacuum) follows now from the both theories of de Broglie and Einstein, which complies with the theory of Abraham, but not with the theory of Minkowski (where p=p_m=E*n/c). Based on the corpuscular approach with p=p_a and E=h*nu*n^2, we give new inference for the Snellius refraction law and resolve more old corresponding corpuscular-wave Newton-Huygens dilemma. We show that even for n-1<<1 th...
Exégesis filosófica en las interpretaciones de Abraham ibn Ezrá al libro de Job
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Gómez Aranda, Mariano
2001-12-01
Full Text Available This article is an analysis of Abraham Ibn Ezra's philosophical theories in his commentary on Job and how he uses them to interpret some biblical verses and to give a rational justification of the main question of this biblical book, namely, the sufferings of the rigtheous. In this article, I analyze how Ibn Ezra uses philosophical theories of his time, such as the origin of evil, the soul-body duality, and the problem of the limitation of the human knowledge, to explain some metaphors in the biblical text.Este artículo es un análisis de las teorías filosóficas utilizadas por Abraham ibn Ezrá en su comentario a Job para explicar el significado de algunos versículos bíblicos y dar razones filosóficas del problema central de este libro: el justo que sufre desgracias sin razón aparente. En él se analiza cómo este autor utiliza las teorías filosóficas de su tiempo sobre el origen del mal, la dualidad alma-cuerpo y el problema de la limitación del conocimiento humano para explicar algunos significados metafóricos del texto bíblico.
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W. H. Velema
1989-06-01
Full Text Available Men zou in Nederland de herdenking van Kuypers honderdvijftigste geboortedag hebben kunnen aangrijpen als een gelegenheid om diens theologie en diens levenswerk in kerk en samenleving te evalueren. Niemand kan ontkennen dat er in genoemde publicaties iets van een evaluatie is te vinden.
Classification of Emote Sensing Image Based on Fisher-BP%Fisher 和神经网络相融合的遥感图像分类
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
邓江洪; 赵领
2016-01-01
In order to solve the problems existing in the current remote sensing image classification method,this paper put forward a remote sensing image classification method based on Fisher-BP.Remote sensing images are collected and treated corresponding;and then the features of remote sensing images are extracted and selected by using Fisher’s method,the BP neural network is used to build remote sensing image classifier,and genetic algorithm is used to optimize the parameters of BP neural network.Experi-mental results show that compared with other remote sensing image classification methods,Fisher-BP improves the classification efficiency and classification accuracy of remote sensing images,and the classifi-cation speed is faster.%针对遥感图像分类方法存在的不足，提出一种基于 Fisher-BP 的遥感图像分类方法。把收集到的遥感图像数据进行相应的处理，从中提取遥感图像特征，用 Fisher 方法对图像特征进行选择，然后用 BP 神经网络构建遥感图像分类器，并用遗传算法优化 BP 神经网络的参数。应用实例表明，相对其他遥感图像分类方法， Fisher-BP 提高了遥感图像的分类效率和分类正确率，而且分类速度更快。
Landscape-scale habitat selection by fishers translocated to the Olympic Peninsula of Washington
Lewis, Jeffrey C.; Jenkins, Kurt J.; Happe, Patricia J.; Manson, David J.; McCalmon, Marc
2016-01-01
The fisher was extirpated from much of the Pacific Northwestern United States during the mid- to late-1900s and is now proposed for federal listing as a threatened species in all or part of its west coast range. Following the translocation of 90 fishers from central British Columbia, Canada, to the Olympic Peninsula of Washington State from 2008 to 2010, we investigated the landscape-scale habitat selection of reintroduced fishers across a broad range of forest ages and disturbance histories, providing the first information on habitat relationships of newly reintroduced fishers in coastal coniferous forests in the Pacific Northwest. We developed 17 a priori models to evaluate several habitat-selection hypotheses based on premises of habitat models used to forecast habitat suitability for the reintroduced population. Further, we hypothesized that female fishers, because of their smaller body size than males, greater vulnerability to predation, and specific reproductive requirements, would be more selective than males for mid- to late-seral forest communities, where complex forest structural elements provide secure foraging, resting, and denning sites. We assessed 11 forest structure and landscape characteristics within the home range core-areas used by 19 females and 12 males and within randomly placed pseudo core areas that represented available habitats. We used case-controlled logistic regression to compare the characteristics of used and pseudo core areas and to assess selection by male and female fishers. Females were more selective of core area placement than males. Fifteen of 19 females (79%) and 5 of 12 males (42%) selected core areas within federal lands that encompassed primarily forests with an overstory of mid-sized or large trees. Male fishers exhibited only weak selection for core areas dominated by forests with an overstory of small trees, primarily on land managed for timber production or at high elevations. The amount of natural open area best
A beacon configuration optimization method based on Fisher information for Mars atmospheric entry
Zhao, Zeduan; Yu, Zhengshi; Cui, Pingyuan
2017-04-01
The navigation capability of the proposed Mars network based entry navigation system is directly related to the beacon number and the relative configuration between the beacons and the entry vehicle. In this paper, a new beacon configuration optimization method is developed based on the Fisher information theory and this method is suitable for any number of visible beacons. The proposed method can be used for the navigation schemes based on range measurements provided by radio transceivers or other sensors for Mars entry. The observability of specific state is defined as its Fisher information based on the observation model. The overall navigation capability is improved by maximizing the minimum average Fisher information, even though the navigation system is not fully observed. In addition, when there is only one beacon capable of entry navigation and the observation information is relatively limited, the optimization method can be modulated to maximize the Fisher information of the specific state which may be preferred for the guidance and control system to improve its estimation accuracy. Finally, navigation scenarios consisted of 1-3 beacons are tested to validate the effectiveness of the developed optimization method. The extended Kalman filter (EKF) is employed to derive the state estimation error covariance. The results also show that the zero-Fisher information situation should be avoided, especially when the dynamic system is highly nonlinear and the states change dramatically.
Liu, Ta-Kang; Wang, Yu-Cheng; Chuang, Laurence Zsu-Hsin; Chen, Chih-How
2016-01-01
The abundance of the eastern Taiwan Strait (ETS) population of the Chinese white dolphin (Sousa chinensis) has been estimated to be less than 100 individuals. It is categorized as critically endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Thus, immediate measures of conservation should be taken to protect it from extinction. Currently, the Taiwanese government plans to designate its habitat as a Major Wildlife Habitat (MWH), a type of marine protected area (MPA) for conservation of wildlife species. Although the designation allows continuing the current exploitation, however, it may cause conflicts among multiple stakeholders with competing interests. The study is to explore the attitude and opinions among the stakeholders in order to better manage the MPA. This study employs a semi-structured interview and a questionnaire survey of local fishers. Results from interviews indicated that the subsistence of fishers remains a major problem. It was found that stakeholders have different perceptions of the fishers' attitude towards conservation and also thought that the fishery-related law enforcement could be difficult. Quantitative survey showed that fishers are generally positive towards the conservation of the Chinese white dolphin but are less willing to participate in the planning process. Most fishers considered temporary fishing closure as feasible for conservation. The results of this study provide recommendations for future efforts towards the goal of better conservation for this endangered species.
Macías-Díaz, J. E.; Medina-Ramírez, I. E.; Puri, A.
2009-09-01
In the present work, the connection of the generalized Fisher-KPP equation to physical and biological fields is noted. Radially symmetric solutions to the generalized Fisher-KPP equation are considered, and analytical results for the positivity and asymptotic stability of solutions to the corresponding time-independent elliptic differential equation are quoted. An energy analysis of the generalized theory is carried out with further physical applications in mind, and a numerical method that consistently approximates the energy of the system and its rate of change is presented. The method is thoroughly tested against analytical and numerical results on the classical Fisher-KPP equation, the Heaviside equation, and the generalized Fisher-KPP equation with logistic nonlinearity and Heaviside initial profile, obtaining as a result that our method is highly stable and accurate, even in the presence of discontinuities. As an application, we establish numerically that, under the presence of suitable initial conditions, there exists a threshold for the relaxation time with the property that solutions to the problems considered are nonnegative if and only if the relaxation time is below a critical value. An analytical prediction is provided for the Heaviside equation, against which we verify the validity of our computational code, and numerical approximations are provided for several generalized Fisher-KPP problems.
Puertas-Centeno, D.; Toranzo, I. V.; Dehesa, J. S.
2017-04-01
We introduce a biparametric Fisher-Rényi complexity measure for general probability distributions and we discuss its properties. This notion, which is composed of two entropy-like components (the Rényi entropy and the biparametric Fisher information), generalizes the basic Fisher-Shannon measure and the previous complexity quantifiers of Fisher-Rényi type. Then, we illustrate the usefulness of this notion by carrying out a information-theoretical analysis of the spectral energy density of a d-dimensional blackbody at temperature T. It is shown that the biparametric Fisher-Rényi measure of this quantum system has a universal character in the sense that it does not depend on temperature nor on any physical constant (e.g. Planck constant, speed of light, Boltzmann constant), but only on the space dimensionality d. Moreover, it decreases when d is increasing, but exhibits a non trivial behavior for a fixed d and a varying parameter, which somehow brings up a non standard structure of the blackbody d-dimensional density distribution.
Statistical Inference in the Wright-Fisher Model Using Allele Frequency Data.
Tataru, Paula; Simonsen, Maria; Bataillon, Thomas; Hobolth, Asger
2016-08-02
The Wright-Fisher model provides an elegant mathematical framework for understanding allele frequency data. In particular, the model can be used to infer the demographic history of species and identify loci under selection. A crucial quantity for inference under the Wright-Fisher model is the distribution of allele frequencies (DAF). Despite the apparent simplicity of the model, the calculation of the DAF is challenging. We review and discuss strategies for approximating the DAF, and how these are used in methods that perform inference from allele frequency data. Various evolutionary forces can be incorporated in the Wright-Fisher model, and we consider these in turn. We begin our review with the basic bi-allelic Wright-Fisher model where random genetic drift is the only evolutionary force. We then consider mutation, migration, and selection. In particular, we compare diffusion-based and moment-based methods in terms of accuracy, computational efficiency, and analytical tractability. We conclude with a brief overview of the multi-allelic process with a general mutation model. [Allele frequency, diffusion, inference, moments, selection, Wright-Fisher.].
Bavinck, Maarten; de Klerk, Leo; van der Plaat, Felice; Ravesteijn, Jorik; Angel, Dominique; Arendsen, Hendrik; van Dijk, Tom; de Hoog, Iris; van Koolwijk, Ant; Tuijtel, Stijn; Zuurendonk, Benjamin
2015-07-01
The tsunami that struck the coasts of India on 26 December 2004 resulted in the large-scale destruction of fisher habitations. The post-tsunami rehabilitation effort in Tamil Nadu was directed towards relocating fisher settlements in the interior. This paper discusses the outcomes of a study on the social effects of relocation in a sample of nine communities along the Coromandel Coast. It concludes that, although the participation of fishing communities in house design and in allocation procedures has been limited, many fisher households are satisfied with the quality of the facilities. The distance of the new settlements to the shore, however, is regarded as an impediment to engaging in the fishing profession, and many fishers are actually moving back to their old locations. This raises questions as to the direction of coastal zone policy in India, as well as to the weight accorded to safety (and other coastal development interests) vis-à-vis the livelihood needs of fishers. © 2015 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2015.
47 al fondo
2001-01-01
Proyecto de vivienda del año 1960 a cargo de los arquitectos Abraham Zabludovsky y Teodoro González de León, en la ciudad de México. Sección: Al rescate de obras y proyectos. Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo
Huang, Yixiao; Sun, Zhe; Wang, Xiaoguang
2012-01-01
We investigate dynamical stability and self-trapping for Bose-Einstein condensates in a symmetric double well. The relation between the quantum Fisher information and the stability of the fixed point is studied. We find that the quantum Fisher information displays a sharp transition as the fixed point evolving from stable to unstable regime. Moreover, the transition from Josephson oscillation to self-trapping is accompanied by an abrupt change of the quantum Fisher information.
BOOTSTRAP TECHNIQUE FOR ROC ANALYSIS: A STABLE EVALUATION OF FISHER CLASSIFIER PERFORMANCE
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xie Jigang; iu Zhengding
2007-01-01
This paper presents a novel bootstrap based method for Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis of Fisher classifier. By defining Fisher classifier's output as a statistic, the bootstrap technique is used to obtain the sampling distributions of the outputs for the positive class and the negative class respectively. As a result, the ROC curve is a plot of all the (False Positive Rate (FPR),True Positive Rate (TPR)) pairs by varying the decision threshold over the whole range of the bootstrap sampling distributions. The advantage of this method is, the bootstrap based ROC curves are much stable than those of the holdout or cross-validation, indicating a more stable ROC analysis of Fisher classifier. Experiments on five data sets publicly available demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Low Titers of Canine Distemper Virus Antibody in Wild Fishers (Martes pennanti) in the Eastern USA.
Peper, Steven T; Peper, Randall L; Mitcheltree, Denise H; Kollias, George V; Brooks, Robert P; Stevens, Sadie S; Serfass, Thomas L
2016-01-01
Canine distemper virus (CDV) infects species in the order Carnivora. Members of the family Mustelidae are among the species most susceptible to CDV and have a high mortality rate after infection. Assessing an animal's pathogen or disease load prior to any reintroduction project is important to help protect the animal being reintroduced, as well as the wildlife and livestock in the area of relocation. We screened 58 fishers for CDV antibody prior to their release into Pennsylvania, US, as part of a reintroduction program. Five of the 58 (9%) fishers had a weak-positive reaction for CDV antibody at a dilution of 1:16. None of the fishers exhibited any clinical sign of canine distemper while being held prior to release.
Fisher information of a squeezed-state interferometer with a finite photon-number resolution
Liu, P; Yang, W; Jin, G R; Sun, C P
2016-01-01
Squeezed-state interferometry plays an important role in quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation, as it allows the estimation precision to be improved up to the Heisenberg limit by using ideal photon-number-resolving detectors at the output ports. Here we show that for each individual $N$% -photon component of the phase-matched coherent $\\otimes $ squeezed vacuum input state, the classical Fisher information always saturates the quantum Fisher information. Moreover, the total Fisher information is the sum of the contributions from each individual $N$-photon components, where the largest $N$ is limited by the finite number resolution of available photon counters. Based on this observation, we provide approximate formula that quantifies the amount of lost information due to the finite photon number resolution, e.g., given the mean photon number $\\bar{n}$ in the input state, $96$ percent of the Heisenberg limit can be achieved with the number resolution $\\gtrsim 5\\bar{n}$.
Livi, Lorenzo; Alippi, Cesare
2016-01-01
It is a widely accepted fact that the computational capability of recurrent neural networks is maximized on the so-called "edge of criticality". Once in this configuration, the network performs efficiently on a specific application both in terms of (i) low prediction error and (ii) high short-term memory capacity. Since the behavior of recurrent networks is strongly influenced by the particular input signal driving the dynamics, a universal, application-independent method for determining the edge of criticality is still missing. In this paper, we propose a theoretically motivated method based on Fisher information for determining the edge of criticality in recurrent neural networks. It is proven that Fisher information is maximized for (finite-size) systems operating in such critical regions. However, Fisher information is notoriously difficult to compute and either requires the probability density function or the conditional dependence of the system states with respect to the model parameters. The paper expl...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abanov, Alexander G; Qian Yachao [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Ivanov, Dmitri A [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)
2011-12-02
We revisit the problem of finding the probability distribution of a fermionic number of one-dimensional spinless free fermions on a segment of a given length. The generating function for this probability distribution can be expressed as a determinant of a Toeplitz matrix. We use the recently proven generalized Fisher-Hartwig conjecture on the asymptotic behavior of such determinants to find the generating function for the full counting statistics of fermions on a line segment. Unlike the method of bosonization, the Fisher-Hartwig formula correctly takes into account the discreteness of charge. Furthermore, we numerically check the precision of the generalized Fisher-Hartwig formula, find that it has a higher precision than rigorously proven so far and conjecture the form of the next-order correction to the existing formula. (paper)
Taylor Principle Supplements the Fisher Effect: Empirical Investigation under the US Context
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohammed Saiful ISLAM
2012-06-01
Full Text Available This paper reviews the short- and long-run dynamics of interest rate and inflation of the United States. Basing upon quarterly as well as monthly data over the period 1957 to 2010, we find evidence that interest rate behaviour of the Federal Reserve is consistent with the Taylor principle in short run and with the Fisher hypothesis in long run. Entire sample justifies the existence of a long run cointegrating relationship between federal funds rate and inflation characterised as the Fisher effect. When data are split into different subsamples, the cointegrating relationship disappears. Interest rate dynamics of pre-1980 and post-2001 neither track Fisher hypothesis nor Taylor principle, rather represent substantial discretion.
Tuttle, R H; Hall, J E; Tidwell, R R
1997-01-24
Fisher rat liver microsomes metabolized the antimicrobial drug pentamidine to four new compounds detected by gradient elution reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with variable wavelength detection. Coelution experiments with pentamidine metabolite standards determined the new peaks to be previously identified hydroxylated metabolites of pentamidine, with 1,5-bis(4'-amidinophenoxy)-3-pentanol and 1,5-di-(4'-amidinophenoxy)-2-pentanol formed in the greatest amount. The data contradict a previous report that Fisher rat liver homogenates do not metabolize pentamidine. Pentamidine and its known primary metabolites have almost identical absorption spectra; thus, pentamidine metabolism must be evaluated using gradient elution HPLC to resolve pentamidine from its metabolites. The current assay has now been used to demonstrate that Fisher and Sprague-Dawley rat, mouse, rabbit and human liver microsomes all metabolize pentamidine in vitro.
Fisher information vs. signal-to-noise ratio for a split detector
Knee, George C
2015-01-01
We study the problem of estimating the magnitude of a Gaussian beam displacement using a two pixel or 'split' detector. We calculate the maximum likelihood estimator, and compute its asymptotic mean-squared-error via the Fisher information. Although the signal-to-noise ratio is known to be simply related to the Fisher information under idealised detection, we find the two measures of precision differ markedly for a split detector. We show that a greater signal-to-noise ratio 'before' the detector leads to a greater information penalty, unless adaptive realignment is used. We find that with an initially balanced split detector, tuning the normalised difference in counts to 0.884753... gives the highest posterior Fisher information, and that this provides an improvement by at least a factor of about 2.5 over operating in the usual linear regime. We discuss the implications for weak-value amplification, a popular probabilistic signal amplification technique.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stephen G. Sutton
2012-09-01
Full Text Available Understanding how social resilience influences resource users' responses to policy change is important for ensuring the sustainability of social-ecological systems and resource-dependent communities. We use the conceptualization and operationalization of social resilience proposed by Marshall and Marshall (2007 to investigate how resilience level influenced commercial fishers' perceptions about and adaptation to the 2004 rezoning of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. We conducted face-to-face interviews with 114 commercial and charter fishers to measure their social resilience level and their responses and adaptation strategies to the 2004 zoning plan. Fishers with higher resilience were more likely to believe that the zoning plan was necessary, more likely to be supportive of the plan, and more likely to have adapted their fishing business and fishing activity to the plan than were fishers with lower social resilience. High-resilience fishers were also less likely to perceive negative impacts of the plan on their fishing business, less likely to have negative attitudes toward the consultation process used to develop and implement the plan, and less likely to have applied for financial compensation under the structural adjustment program. Results confirm the utility of the social resilience construct for identifying fishers who are likely to be vulnerable to changes, and those who are struggling to cope with change events. We conclude that managing for social resilience in the GBR would aid in the design and implementation of policies that minimize the impacts on resource users and lead to more inclusive and sustainable management, but that further research is necessary to better understand social resilience, how it can be fostered and sustained, and how it can be effectively incorporated into management.
Yates, Katherine L; Schoeman, David S
2013-01-01
Spatial management tools, such as marine spatial planning and marine protected areas, are playing an increasingly important role in attempts to improve marine management and accommodate conflicting needs. Robust data are needed to inform decisions among different planning options, and early inclusion of stakeholder involvement is widely regarded as vital for success. One of the biggest stakeholder groups, and the most likely to be adversely impacted by spatial restrictions, is the fishing community. In order to take their priorities into account, planners need to understand spatial variation in their perceived value of the sea. Here a readily accessible, novel method for quantitatively mapping fishers' spatial access priorities is presented. Spatial access priority mapping, or SAPM, uses only basic functions of standard spreadsheet and GIS software. Unlike the use of remote-sensing data, SAPM actively engages fishers in participatory mapping, documenting rather than inferring their priorities. By so doing, SAPM also facilitates the gathering of other useful data, such as local ecological knowledge. The method was tested and validated in Northern Ireland, where over 100 fishers participated in a semi-structured questionnaire and mapping exercise. The response rate was excellent, 97%, demonstrating fishers' willingness to be involved. The resultant maps are easily accessible and instantly informative, providing a very clear visual indication of which areas are most important for the fishers. The maps also provide quantitative data, which can be used to analyse the relative impact of different management options on the fishing industry and can be incorporated into planning software, such as MARXAN, to ensure that conservation goals can be met at minimum negative impact to the industry. This research shows how spatial access priority mapping can facilitate the early engagement of fishers and the ready incorporation of their priorities into the decision-making process
Fishers' behaviour in response to the implementation of a Marine Protected Area.
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Bárbara Horta e Costa
Full Text Available Marine Protected Areas (MPAs have been widely proposed as a fisheries management tool in addition to their conservation purposes. Despite this, few studies have satisfactorily assessed the dynamics of fishers' adaptations to the loss of fishing grounds. Here we used data from before, during and after the implementation of the management plan of a temperate Atlantic multiple-use MPA to examine the factors affecting the spatial and temporal distribution of different gears used by the artisanal fishing fleet. The position of vessels and gear types were obtained by visual surveys and related to spatial features of the marine park. A hotspot analysis was conducted to identify heavily utilized patches for each fishing gear and time period. The contribution of individual vessels to each significant cluster was assessed to better understand fishers' choices. Different fisheries responded differently to the implementation of protection measures, with preferred habitats of target species driving much of the fishers' choices. Within each fishery, individual fishers showed distinct strategies with some operating in a broader area whereas others kept preferred territories. Our findings are based on reliable methods that can easily be applied in coastal multipurpose MPAs to monitor and assess fisheries and fishers responses to different management rules and protection levels. This paper is the first in-depth empirical study where fishers' choices from artisanal fisheries were analysed before, during and after the implementation of a MPA, thereby allowing a clearer understanding of the dynamics of local fisheries and providing significant lessons for marine conservation and management of coastal systems.
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Katherine L Yates
Full Text Available Spatial management tools, such as marine spatial planning and marine protected areas, are playing an increasingly important role in attempts to improve marine management and accommodate conflicting needs. Robust data are needed to inform decisions among different planning options, and early inclusion of stakeholder involvement is widely regarded as vital for success. One of the biggest stakeholder groups, and the most likely to be adversely impacted by spatial restrictions, is the fishing community. In order to take their priorities into account, planners need to understand spatial variation in their perceived value of the sea. Here a readily accessible, novel method for quantitatively mapping fishers' spatial access priorities is presented. Spatial access priority mapping, or SAPM, uses only basic functions of standard spreadsheet and GIS software. Unlike the use of remote-sensing data, SAPM actively engages fishers in participatory mapping, documenting rather than inferring their priorities. By so doing, SAPM also facilitates the gathering of other useful data, such as local ecological knowledge. The method was tested and validated in Northern Ireland, where over 100 fishers participated in a semi-structured questionnaire and mapping exercise. The response rate was excellent, 97%, demonstrating fishers' willingness to be involved. The resultant maps are easily accessible and instantly informative, providing a very clear visual indication of which areas are most important for the fishers. The maps also provide quantitative data, which can be used to analyse the relative impact of different management options on the fishing industry and can be incorporated into planning software, such as MARXAN, to ensure that conservation goals can be met at minimum negative impact to the industry. This research shows how spatial access priority mapping can facilitate the early engagement of fishers and the ready incorporation of their priorities into the
On the Karlin-Kimura approaches to the Wright-Fisher diffusion with fluctuating selection
Huillet, Thierry
2011-02-01
The goal of this work is a comparative study of two Wright-Fisher-like diffusion processes on the interval, one due to Karlin and the other one due to Kimura. Each model accounts for the evolution of one two-locus colony undergoing random mating, under the additional action of selection in a random environment. In other words, we study the effect of disorder on the usual Wright-Fisher model with fixed (nonrandom) selection. There is a drastic qualitative difference between the two models and between the random and nonrandom selection hypotheses. We first present a series of elementary stochastic models and tools that are needed to conduct this study in the context of diffusion process theory, including Kolmogorov backward and forward equations, scale and speed functions, classification of boundaries, and Doob transformation of sample paths using additive functionals. In this spirit, we briefly revisit the neutral Wright-Fisher diffusion and the Wright-Fisher diffusion with nonrandom selection. With these tools at hand, we first deal with the Karlin approach to the Wright-Fisher diffusion model with randomized selection differentials. The specificity of this model is that in the large population case, the boundaries of the state space are natural and hence inaccessible, and so quasi-absorbing only. We supply some limiting properties pertaining to times of hitting of points close to the boundaries. Next, we study the Kimura approach to the Wright-Fisher model with randomized selection, which may be viewed as a modification of the Karlin model, using an appropriate Doob transform which we describe. This model also has natural boundaries, but they turn out to be much more attracting and sticky than in Karlin's version. This leads to a faster approach to the quasi-absorbing states, to a larger time needed to move from the vicinity of one boundary to the other and to a local critical behavior of the branching diffusion obtained after the relevant Doob transformation.
Hallwass, Gustavo; Lopes, Priscila F; Juras, Anastácio A; Silvano, Renato A M
2013-03-01
The long-term impacts of large hydroelectric dams on small-scale fisheries in tropical rivers are poorly known. A promising way to investigate such impacts is to compare and integrate the local ecological knowledge (LEK) of resource users with biological data for the same region. We analyzed the accuracy of fishers' LEK to investigate fisheries dynamics and environmental changes in the Lower Tocantins River (Brazilian Amazon) downstream from a large dam. We estimated fishers' LEK through interviews with 300 fishers in nine villages and collected data on 601 fish landings in five of these villages, 22 years after the dam's establishment (2006-2008). We compared these two databases with each other and with data on fish landings from before the dam's establishment (1981) gathered from the literature. The data obtained based on the fishers' LEK (interviews) and from fisheries agreed regarding the primary fish species caught, the most commonly used type of fishing gear (gill nets) and even the most often used gill net mesh sizes but disagreed regarding seasonal fish abundance. According to the interviewed fishers, the primary environmental changes that occurred after the impoundment were an overall decrease in fish abundance, an increase in the abundance of some fish species and, possibly, the local extinction of a commercial fish species (Semaprochilodus brama). These changes were corroborated by comparing fish landings sampled before and 22 years after the impoundment, which indicated changes in the composition of fish landings and a decrease in the total annual fish production. Our results reinforce the hypothesis that large dams may adversely affect small-scale fisheries downstream and establish a feasible approach for applying fishers' LEK to fisheries management, especially in regions with a low research capacity.
Research on the water-inrush risk of coal floors based on Fisher-evaluation and AHP
Xu, D. J.; Wei, W. X.; Xiang, S. Y.
2016-08-01
There are many factors that influence floor water-inrush. Based on the widely collected data of floor water-inrush in China, the evaluation factors in this paper consist of water pressure, aquifer type, aquiclude thickness, floor failure depth and fault throw. These are used to build a single Fisher evaluation model and a Fisher evaluation with weighting model of an analytic hierarchy process (AHP). By comparision, through AHP weighting value, the interclass distribution of the data in the Fisher model is relatively more concentrated than the single Fisher evaluation method. It would produce higher reliability and more extensive application value.
Manzan, Maíra Fontes; Lopes, Priscila F M
2015-01-01
Fishers' local ecological knowledge (LEK) is an additional tool to obtain information about cetaceans, regarding their local particularities, fishing interactions, and behavior. However, this knowledge could vary in depth of detail according to the level of interaction that fishers have with a specific species. This study investigated differences in small-scale fishers' LEK regarding the estuarine dolphin (Sotalia guianensis) in three Brazilian northeast coastal communities where fishing is practiced in estuarine lagoons and/or coastal waters and where dolphin-watching tourism varies from incipient to important. The fishers (N = 116) were asked about general characteristics of S. guianensis and their interactions with this dolphin during fishing activities. Compared to lagoon fishers, coastal fishers showed greater knowledge about the species but had more negative interactions with the dolphin during fishing activities. Coastal fishing not only offered the opportunity for fishers to observe a wider variety of the dolphin's behavior, but also implied direct contact with the dolphins, as they are bycaught in coastal gillnets. Besides complementing information that could be used for the management of cetaceans, this study shows that the type of environment most used by fishers also affects the accuracy of the information they provide. When designing studies to gather information on species and/or populations with the support of fishers, special consideration should be given to local particularities such as gear and habitats used within the fishing community.
Bulanov, Sergei V.; Esirkepov, Timur Zh.; Kando, Masaki; Koga, James K.; Bulanov, Stepan S.
2011-11-01
When the parameters of electron-extreme power laser interaction enter the regime of dominated radiation reaction, the electron dynamics changes qualitatively. The adequate theoretical description of this regime becomes crucially important with the use of the radiation friction force either in the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac form, which possesses unphysical runaway solutions, or in the Landau-Lifshitz form, which is a perturbation valid for relatively low electromagnetic wave amplitude. The goal of the present paper is to find the limits of the Landau-Lifshitz radiation force applicability in terms of the electromagnetic wave amplitude and frequency. For this, a class of the exact solutions to the nonlinear problems of charged particle motion in the time-varying electromagnetic field is used.
Recurrent miller fisher syndrome with abnormal terminal axon dysfunction: a case report.
Tomcík, Jan; Dufek, Michal; Hromada, Jan; Rektor, Ivan; Bares, Martin
2007-12-01
Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is a localized variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), characterized by ophthalmoplegia, areflexia, and ataxia. Recent neurophysiological studies have suggested that abnormal terminal axon dysfunction occurs in some cases of Miller Fisher syndrome and Guillain-Barrd syndrome. We present a rare case report of recurrent MFS with abnormal terminal axon dysfunction. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of recurrent MFS with terminal axon dysfunction that persisted up to nine months after the initial presentation of the second attack with positive antiganglioside antibodies and full clinical recovery.
A Note about the General Meromorphic Solutions of the Fisher Equation
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Jian-ming Qi
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We employ the complex method to obtain the general meromorphic solutions of the Fisher equation, which improves the corresponding results obtained by Ablowitz and Zeppetella and other authors (Ablowitz and Zeppetella, 1979; Feng and Li, 2006; Guo and Chen, 1991, and wg,i(z are new general meromorphic solutions of the Fisher equation for c=±5i/6. Our results show that the complex method provides a powerful mathematical tool for solving great many nonlinear partial differential equations in mathematical physics.
Contribuciones de Sir Roland Fisher a la Estadística Genética
Jaime Cuadros
2004-01-01
Sir Ronald Fisher (18901962) fue profesor de genética y muchas de sus innovaciones estadísticas encontraron expresión en el desarrollo de metodología en estadística genética. Sin embargo, mientras sus contribuciones en estadística matemática son fácilmente identificadas, en genética de poblaciones compartió su supremacía con Sewall Wright (1889 1988) y J. S. S. Haldane (1892 1965). Este documento muestra algunas de las mejores contribuciones de Fisher a las bases de la estadística genética, y...
La estadística una ciencia del siglo xx. r.a. fisher, el genio
2011-01-01
La Estadística como ciencia independiente es un desarrollo del siglo XX. La χ^2 de Karl Pearson (1900) puede considerarse la epifanía de la disciplina, pero el genio fundamentador, cuyas ideas y conceptos consolidaron el estatus científico de la estadística, es Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher. Se presenta en esta charla el contexto histórico donde surge la estadística y sus principales referentes de desarrollo. Con Fisher como núcleo, se bosqueja la historia desde K. Pearson y Student hasta hoy....
Game Bahari Menggunakan Algoritma Fisher Yates Suffle Sebagai Pengacak Posisi NPC
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Fachrul Kurniawan
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Abstrak- Latar belakang laut merupakan sebuah hal yang unik dan bisa dikembangkan, karena game dengan latar belakang darat dan udara telah banyak digunakan. Game bahari yang berbentuk 2 dimensi dan dimainkan menggunakan sensor accelerometer adalah pengembangan game berlatar belakang bawah laut. Karakter penyelam sebagai pembersih sampah bawah laut, dimana algoritma fisher yatesshuffle digunakan untuk menentukan posisi dari Non Playable Character(NPC. Dari hasil pengujian implementasi algoritma Fisher Yates Shuffle untuk menentukan posisi NPC pada game Bahari dapat berjalan dengan baik, yaitu dapat digunakan untuk mengacak posisi NPC agar posisinya tidak berulang pada permainan berikutnya. Pengujian dilakukan pada perangkat mobile yang menggunakan platform Android.
Levchenko, E. A.; Shapovalov, A. V.; Trifonov, A. Yu
2016-07-01
In this paper we construct asymptotic solutions for the nonlocal multidimensional Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation in the class of functions concentrated on a one-dimensional manifold (curve) using a semiclassical approximation technique. We show that the construction of these solutions can be reduced to solving a similar problem for the nonlocal Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov in the class of functions concentrated at a point (zero-dimensional manifold) together with an additional operator condition. The general approach is exemplified by constructing a two-dimensional two-parametric solution, which describes quasi-steady-state patterns on a circumference.
Seeking the Local Convergence Depth; 4, Tully-Fisher Observations of 35 Abell Clusters
Dale, D A; Haynes, M P; Hardy, E; Campusano, L E; Dale, Daniel A.; Giovanelli, Riccardo; Haynes, Martha P.; Hardy, Eduardo; Campusano, Luis E.
1999-01-01
We present Tully-Fisher observations for 35 rich Abell clusters of galaxies. Results from I band photometry and optical rotation curve work comprise the bulk of this paper. This is the third such data installment of an all-sky survey of 52 clusters in the distance range 50 to 200\\h Mpc. The complete data set provides the basis for determining an accurate Tully-Fisher template relation and for estimating the amplitude and direction of the local bulk flow on a 100\\h Mpc scale.
The General Traveling Wave Solutions of the Fisher Equation with Degree Three
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Wenjun Yuan
2013-01-01
degree three and the general meromorphic solutions of the integrable Fisher equations with degree three, which improves the corresponding results obtained by Feng and Li (2006, Guo and Chen (1991, and Ağırseven and Öziş (2010. Moreover, all wg,1(z are new general meromorphic solutions of the Fisher equations with degree three for c=±3/2. Our results show that the complex method provides a powerful mathematical tool for solving a large number of nonlinear partial differential equations in mathematical physics.
Eu - a psicanálise: introdução à tradução A casca e o núcleo (de Nicolas Abraham
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Maria José R. Faria Coracini
2001-02-01
Full Text Available
Com o intuito de apresentar a obra de Abraham intitulada A casca e o núcleo, tecem-se considerações em torno da tradução. Afinal, é o que Abraham faz, não apenas quando traduz termos de uma língua para outra, mas quando se serve da palavra no interior da mesma língua. Trata-se da tradução anassêmica que consiste em passar de uma palavra a outra, sem mudar de palavra, fazendo-as transbordarem de sentido. Assim, uma mesma palavra da língua usual, uma vez aspeada, designa o sentido intencional evidenciado pela redução fenomenológica; se grafada com letra maiúscula, remete a um processo de antes do sentido e antes da presença, passando da fenomenologia ao discurso psicanalítico, campo que se situa no solo do impensado da fenomenologia, desta guardando o que não lhe é possível perder. Assim, as palavras prazer, "prazer", Prazer não têm sentidos diferentes, menos ainda sentidos idênticos ou mesmo análogos; se não são homônimas, são menos ainda sinônimas. Prisioneira de sua própria contradição, a tradução teria como tarefa (impossível traduzir em discurso o que lhe escapa por essência, ou seja, o não-discurso, o intraduzível e o inapresentável.
Abraham Flexner y el Flexnerismo. Fundamento Imperecedero de la Educación Médica Moderna.
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José Felix Patiño Restrepo
1998-12-01
servicios de salud introducen cambios profundos en el ejercicio de la medicina y crean nuevos problemas como la ruptura de la relación médico-paciente, el deterioro de la imagen pública del médico, el surgimiento del paciente como cliente, usuario o consumidor y las complejas implicaciones de la medicina tecnológica (Hafferty & Franks 1994. De la medicina hipocrática hemos pasado a una medicina organizada y gerenciada, a una práctica médica de tipo corporativo, en la cual el imperativo hipocrático ha sido reemplazado por un mandato burocrático, y se perciben serias amenazas contra la preservación de la medicina como profesión y como ciencia (Patiño 1998.
Al tiempo que la educación médica es un sistema pedagógico, la facultad de medicina es una comunidad moral y, como lo afirmó Abraham Flexner a comienzos del siglo, siendo una división universitaria es también una corporación de servicio público. Estoy convencido de que la misión de la educación médica moderna, ahora más que nunca, se define y se aclara con base en los preceptos establecidos por Flexner.
Flexner murió en 1959, a la edad de 92 años, habiendo completado una admirable hoja de vida como educador y promotor de la excelencia académica (Bonner 1998...
An algorithm for the exact Fisher information matrix of vector ARMAX time series processes
Klein, A.; Melard, G.
2011-01-01
In this paper an algorithm is developed for the exact Fisher information matrix of a vector ARMAX Gaussian process, VARMAX. The algorithm developed in this paper is composed by recursion equations at a vector-matrix level and some of these recursions consist of derivatives. For that purpose appropri
Exact solutions of the time-fractional Fisher equation by using modified trial equation method
Tandogan, Yusuf Ali; Bildik, Necdet
2016-06-01
In this study, modified trial equation method has been proposed to obtain precise solutions of nonlinear fractional differential equation. Using the modified test equation method, we obtained some new exact solutions of the time fractional nonlinear Fisher equation. The obtained results are classified as a soliton solution, singular solutions, rational function solutions and periodic solutions.
Trial equation method for solving the generalized Fisher equation with variable coefficients
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Triki, Houria [Radiation Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Badji Mokhtar University, P.O. Box 12, 23000 Annaba (Algeria); Wazwaz, Abdul-Majid, E-mail: wazwaz@sxu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Saint Xavier University, Chicago, IL 60655 (United States)
2016-03-22
We investigate a generalized Fisher equation with temporally varying coefficients, describing the dynamics of a field in inhomogeneous media. A class of exact soliton solutions of this equation is presented, and some of which are derived for the first time. The trial equation method is applied to obtain these soliton solutions. The constraint conditions for the existence of these solutions are also exhibited.
A program for computing the exact Fisher information matrix of a Gaussian VARMA model
Klein, A.; Mélard, G.; Niemczyk, J.; Zahaf, T.
2004-01-01
A program in the MATLAB environment is described for computing the Fisher information matrix of the exact information matrix of a Gaussian vector autoregressive moving average (VARMA) model. A computationally efficient procedure is used on the basis of a state space representation. It relies heavily
Impact of catch shares on diversification of fishers' income and risk.
Holland, Daniel S; Speir, Cameron; Agar, Juan; Crosson, Scott; DePiper, Geret; Kasperski, Stephen; Kitts, Andrew W; Perruso, Larry
2017-08-29
Many fishers diversify their income by participating in multiple fisheries, which has been shown to significantly reduce year-to-year variation in income. The ability of fishers to diversify has become increasingly constrained in the last few decades, and catch share programs could further reduce diversification as a result of consolidation. This could increase income variation and thus financial risk. However, catch shares can also offer fishers opportunities to enter or increase participation in catch share fisheries by purchasing or leasing quota. Thus, the net effect on diversification is uncertain. We tested whether diversification and variation in fishing revenues changed after implementation of catch shares for 6,782 vessels in 13 US fisheries that account for 20% of US landings revenue. For each of these fisheries, we tested whether diversification levels, trends, and variation in fishing revenues changed after implementation of catch shares, both for fishers that remained in the catch share fishery and for those that exited but remained active in other fisheries. We found that diversification for both groups was nearly always reduced. However, in most cases, we found no significant change in interannual variation of revenues, and, where changes were significant, variation decreased nearly as often as it increased.
Liu, Ta-Kang; Wang, Yu-Cheng; Chuang, Laurence Zsu-Hsin; Chen, Chih-How
2016-01-01
The abundance of the eastern Taiwan Strait (ETS) population of the Chinese white dolphin (Sousa chinensis) has been estimated to be less than 100 individuals. It is categorized as critically endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Thus, immediate measures of conservation should be taken to protect it from extinction. Currently, the Taiwanese government plans to designate its habitat as a Major Wildlife Habitat (MWH), a type of marine protected area (MPA) for conservation of wildlife species. Although the designation allows continuing the current exploitation, however, it may cause conflicts among multiple stakeholders with competing interests. The study is to explore the attitude and opinions among the stakeholders in order to better manage the MPA. This study employs a semi-structured interview and a questionnaire survey of local fishers. Results from interviews indicated that the subsistence of fishers remains a major problem. It was found that stakeholders have different perceptions of the fishers’ attitude towards conservation and also thought that the fishery-related law enforcement could be difficult. Quantitative survey showed that fishers are generally positive towards the conservation of the Chinese white dolphin but are less willing to participate in the planning process. Most fishers considered temporary fishing closure as feasible for conservation. The results of this study provide recommendations for future efforts towards the goal of better conservation for this endangered species. PMID:27526102
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Andrea P C Wallace
Full Text Available Artisanal fisheries are a key source of food and income for millions of people, but if poorly managed, fishing can have declining returns as well as impacts on biodiversity. Management interventions such as spatial and temporal closures can improve fishery sustainability and reduce environmental degradation, but may carry substantial short-term costs for fishers. The Lake Alaotra wetland in Madagascar supports a commercially important artisanal fishery and provides habitat for a Critically Endangered primate and other endemic wildlife of conservation importance. Using detailed data from more than 1,600 fisher catches, we used linear mixed effects models to explore and quantify relationships between catch weight, effort, and spatial and temporal restrictions to identify drivers of fisher behaviour and quantify the potential effect of fishing restrictions on catch. We found that restricted area interventions and fishery closures would generate direct short-term costs through reduced catch and income, and these costs vary between groups of fishers using different gear. Our results show that conservation interventions can have uneven impacts on local people with different fishing strategies. This information can be used to formulate management strategies that minimise the adverse impacts of interventions, increase local support and compliance, and therefore maximise conservation effectiveness.
Fisher Ames and Political Judgment: Reason, Passion, and Vehement Style in the Jay Treaty Speech.
Farrell, James M.
1990-01-01
Analyzes Fisher Ames' fiery speech of 1796 on the Jay Treaty. Demonstrates the influence of Scottish enlightenment thinkers (particularly in moral sense philosophy and faculty psychology) on Ames and his rhetoric. Demonstrates how Ames made a compelling case to shift the standard of political judgment from reason to passion. (SR)
Fisher-Hartwig conjecture and the correlators in the inpenetrable Bose gas
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ovchinnikov, A.A. [Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow 117312 (Russian Federation)], E-mail: ovch@ms2.inr.ac.ru
2009-01-12
We apply the theorems from the theory of Toeplitz determinants to calculate the asymptotics of various correlators including the exponential ones in the inpenetrable one-dimensional Bose gas system. The known correlators in the free-fermion system are also used to test the generalized Fisher-Hartwig conjecture.
Minimum Wave Speed Solution of Fisher's Equation by the Method of Least Squares - A Note
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K. N. Mehta
1989-04-01
Full Text Available The paper presents a simple solution of travelling-wave type (corresponding to the minimum speed c=2 of Fisher's equation. which can be readily adapted for modelling neutron density in nuclear reactors, reaction-diffusion processes'in propulsion systems and growth of new advantageous gene in one-dimensional habitat
An explicit expression for the Fisher information matrix of a multiple time series process
Klein, A.A.B.; Spreij, P.J.C.
2006-01-01
The principal result in this paper is concerned with the derivative of a vector with respect to a block vector or matrix. This is applied to the asymptotic Fisher information matrix (FIM) of a stationary vector autoregressive and moving average time series process (VARMA). Representations which can
VizieR Online Data Catalog: Tully-Fisher relation for SDSS galaxies (Reyes+, 2011)
Reyes, R.; Mandelbaum, R.; Gunn, J. E.; Pizagno, J.; Lackner, C. N.
2012-01-01
In this paper, we derive scaling relations between photometric observable quantities and disc galaxy rotation velocity Vrot or Tully-Fisher relations (TFRs). Our methodology is dictated by our purpose of obtaining purely photometric, minimal-scatter estimators of Vrot applicable to large galaxy samp
Holonomic Gradient Descent for the Fisher-Bingham Distribution on the $n$-dimensional Sphere
Koyama, T; Nishiyama, K; Takayama, N
2012-01-01
We apply the holonomic gradient descent recently introduced in [7] to the maximal likelihood estimate (MLE) with respect to the Fisher-Bingham distribution on the $n$-dimensional sphere. We derive an integrable connection (a Pfaffian system) and a series expansion associated to the normalization constant. These enable us to solve some MLE problems up to $n=7$.
2010-03-12
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Fisher & Paykel Appliances, Inc., Huntington Beach, CA; Notice of Termination of Investigation Pursuant to Section 221 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended, an...
Levchenko, E. A.; Trifonov, A. Yu.; Shapovalov, A. V.
2015-11-01
Asymptotic solutions of the multidimensional nonlocal Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation with an influence function that is invariant with respect to a spatial shift are constructed. The asymptotic solutions are perturbations of a spatially-homogeneous quasistationary exact solution. General expressions are illustrated by the example of a two-dimensional equation with a Gaussian initial condition.
Skew-symmetric distributions and Fisher information : The double sin of the skew-normal
Hallin, M.; Ley, C.
2014-01-01
Hallin and Ley [Bernoulli 18 (2012) 747–763] investigate and fully characterize the Fisher singularity phenomenon in univariate and multivariate families of skew-symmetric distributions. This paper proposes a refined analysis of the (univariate) problem, showing that singularity can be more or less
The high-mass end of the Tully-Fisher relation
Noordermeer, E.; Verheijen, M. A. W.
2007-01-01
We study the location of massive disc galaxies on the Tully-Fisher (TF) relation. Using a combination of K-band photometry and high-quality rotation curves, we show that in traditional formulations of the TF relation (using the width of the global H I profile or the maximum rotation velocity), galax
Lee-Yang-Fisher zeros for DHL and 2D rational dynamics, II. Global Pluripotential Interpretation
Bleher, Pavel; Roeder, Roland
2011-01-01
In a classical work of the 1950's, Lee and Yang proved that for fixed nonnegative temperature, the zeros of the partition functions of a ferromagnetic Ising model always lie on the unit circle in the complex magnetic field. Zeros of the partition function in the complex temperature were then considered by Fisher, when the magnetic field is set to zero. Limiting distributions of Lee-Yang and of Fisher zeros are physically important as they control phase transitions in the model. One can also consider the zeros of the partition function simultaneously in both complex magnetic field and complex temperature. They form an algebraic curve called the Lee-Yang-Fisher (LYF) zeros. In this paper we study their limiting distribution for the Diamond Hierarchical Lattice (DHL). In this case, it can be described in terms of the dynamics of an explicit rational function $R$ in two variables (the Migdal-Kadanoff renormalization transformation). We prove that the Lee-Yang-Fisher zeros are equidistributed with respect to a dyn...
Bavinck, M.
2008-01-01
To the surprise of both governments and NGOs, village-level caste organisations - or panchayats - played a significant role in the post-tsunami relief effort to fisher-men in Tamil Nadu, India. This paper discusses the pro-active role of caste pancha-yats in relief from the perspective of social
Kudryashov, Nikolai A.
2009-01-01
Using Exp-function method Ozis and Koroglu [T. Ozis, C. Koroglu, Phys. Lett. A 372 (2008) 3836] have found exact "solutions" of the Fisher equation. In this comment we demonstrate that all these solutions do not satisfy the Fisher equation. The efficiency of application of Exp-function method to sea
Rick A. Sweitzer; Viorel D. Popescu; Reginald H. Barrett; Kathryn L. Purcell; Craig M. Thompson
2015-01-01
In the west coast region of the United States, fishers (Pekania pennanti) exist in 2 remnant populationsâ1 in northern California and 1 in the southern Sierra Nevada, Californiaâand 3 reintroduced populations (western Washington, southern Oregon, and northeastern California). The West Coast Distinct Population Segment of fishers encompassing all of...
Patricia J. Happe; Kurt J. Jenkins; Michael K. Schwartz; Jeffrey C. Lewis; Keith B. Aubry
2014-01-01
With the translocation and release of 90 fishers [Pekania pennanti (formerly Martes pennanti)] from British Columbia to Olympic National Park during 2008-2010, the National Park Service and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife accomplished the first phase of fisher restoration in Washington State. Beginning in 2013, we initiated a new research project to...
Karadzic, V; Grin, J.; Antunes, P.; Banovic, M
2014-01-01
Fish producers' organizations (POs) bring together fishers or fish farmers on a voluntary basis so as to ensure the best market conditions for their fish. How fishers perceive and understand their membership Experience is crucial to their capacity to learn from each other and adapt when interacting
Tolentino-Zondervan, F.; Berentsen, P.B.M.; Bush, S.R.; Oude Lansink, A.G.J.M.
2016-01-01
This study identifies the capabilities needed by small-scale fishers to participate in Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs) for yellowfin tuna in the Philippines. The current literature provides little empirical evidence on how different models, or types of FIPs, influence the participation of fisher
Berentsen, Paul; Bush, Simon R.; Digal, Larry; Oude Lansink, Alfons
2016-01-01
This study identifies the capabilities needed by small-scale fishers to participate in Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs) for yellowfin tuna in the Philippines. The current literature provides little empirical evidence on how different models, or types of FIPs, influence the participation of fishers in their programs and the degree which FIPs are able to foster improvements in fishing practices. To address this literature gap, two different FIPs are empirically analysed, each with different approaches for fostering improvement. The first is the non-governmental organisation-led Partnership Programme Towards Sustainable Tuna, which adopts a bottom-up or development oriented FIP model. The second is the private-led Artesmar FIP, which adopts a top-down or market-oriented FIP approach. The data were obtained from 350 fishers surveyed and were analysed using two separate models run in succession, taking into consideration full, partial, and non-participation in the two FIPs. The results demonstrate that different types of capabilities are required in order to participate in different FIP models. Individual firm capabilities are more important for fishers participation in market-oriented FIPs, which use direct economic incentives to encourage improvements in fisher practices. Collective capabilities are more important for fishers to participate in development-oriented FIPs, which drive improvement by supporting fishers, fisher associations, and governments to move towards market requirements. PMID:27732607
The influence of fisher knowledge on the susceptibility of reef fish aggregations to fishing.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jan Robinson
Full Text Available Reef fishes that exhibit predictable aggregating behaviour are often considered vulnerable to overexploitation. However, fisher knowledge of this behaviour is often heterogeneous and, coupled with socioeconomic factors that constrain demand for or access to aggregated fish, will influence susceptibility to fishing. At two case study locations in Papua New Guinea, Ahus and Karkar islands, we conducted interview-based surveys to examine how local context influenced heterogeneity in knowledge of fish aggregations. We then explored the role of fisher knowledge in conferring susceptibility to fishing relative to socioeconomic drivers of fishing effort. Local heterogeneity in knowledge of aggregating behaviour differed between our case studies. At Ahus, variable access rights among fishers and genders to the main habitats were sources of heterogeneity in knowledge. By contrast, knowledge was more homogenous at Karkar and the sole source of variation was gear type. Differences between locations in the susceptibility of aggregations to fishing depended primarily on socioeconomic drivers of fishing effort rather than catchability. While Ahus fishers were knowledgeable of fish aggregations and used more selective gears, Karkar fishers were less constrained by tenure in their access to aggregation habitat. However, fishing effort was greater at Ahus and likely related to high dependency on fishing, greater access to provincial capital markets than Karkar and a weakening of customary management. Moreover, highly efficient fishing techniques have emerged at Ahus to exploit the non-reproductive aggregating behaviour of target species. Understanding how knowledge is structured within fishing communities and its relation to socioeconomic drivers of fishing effort is important if customary practices for conservation, such as tambu areas, are to be supported. The findings of this study call for a holistic approach to assessing the risks posed to reef fish
The influence of fisher knowledge on the susceptibility of reef fish aggregations to fishing.
Robinson, Jan; Cinner, Joshua E; Graham, Nicholas A J
2014-01-01
Reef fishes that exhibit predictable aggregating behaviour are often considered vulnerable to overexploitation. However, fisher knowledge of this behaviour is often heterogeneous and, coupled with socioeconomic factors that constrain demand for or access to aggregated fish, will influence susceptibility to fishing. At two case study locations in Papua New Guinea, Ahus and Karkar islands, we conducted interview-based surveys to examine how local context influenced heterogeneity in knowledge of fish aggregations. We then explored the role of fisher knowledge in conferring susceptibility to fishing relative to socioeconomic drivers of fishing effort. Local heterogeneity in knowledge of aggregating behaviour differed between our case studies. At Ahus, variable access rights among fishers and genders to the main habitats were sources of heterogeneity in knowledge. By contrast, knowledge was more homogenous at Karkar and the sole source of variation was gear type. Differences between locations in the susceptibility of aggregations to fishing depended primarily on socioeconomic drivers of fishing effort rather than catchability. While Ahus fishers were knowledgeable of fish aggregations and used more selective gears, Karkar fishers were less constrained by tenure in their access to aggregation habitat. However, fishing effort was greater at Ahus and likely related to high dependency on fishing, greater access to provincial capital markets than Karkar and a weakening of customary management. Moreover, highly efficient fishing techniques have emerged at Ahus to exploit the non-reproductive aggregating behaviour of target species. Understanding how knowledge is structured within fishing communities and its relation to socioeconomic drivers of fishing effort is important if customary practices for conservation, such as tambu areas, are to be supported. The findings of this study call for a holistic approach to assessing the risks posed to reef fish aggregations by fishing
Fishing for space: fine-scale multi-sector maritime activities influence fisher location choice.
Tidd, Alex N; Vermard, Youen; Marchal, Paul; Pinnegar, John; Blanchard, Julia L; Milner-Gulland, E J
2015-01-01
The European Union and other states are moving towards Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management to balance food production and security with wider ecosystem concerns. Fishing is only one of several sectors operating within the ocean environment, competing for renewable and non-renewable resources that overlap in a limited space. Other sectors include marine mining, energy generation, recreation, transport and conservation. Trade-offs of these competing sectors are already part of the process but attempts to detail how the seas are being utilised have been primarily based on compilations of data on human activity at large spatial scales. Advances including satellite and shipping automatic tracking enable investigation of factors influencing fishers' choice of fishing grounds at spatial scales relevant to decision-making, including the presence or avoidance of activities by other sectors. We analyse the determinants of English and Welsh scallop-dredging fleet behaviour, including competing sectors, operating in the eastern English Channel. Results indicate aggregate mining activity, maritime traffic, increased fishing costs, and the English inshore 6 and French 12 nautical mile limits negatively impact fishers' likelihood of fishing in otherwise suitable areas. Past success, net-benefits and fishing within the 12 NM predispose fishers to use areas. Systematic conservation planning has yet to be widely applied in marine systems, and the dynamics of spatial overlap of fishing with other activities have not been studied at scales relevant to fisher decision-making. This study demonstrates fisher decision-making is indeed affected by the real-time presence of other sectors in an area, and therefore trade-offs which need to be accounted for in marine planning. As marine resource extraction demands intensify, governments will need to take a more proactive approach to resolving these trade-offs, and studies such as this will be required as the evidential foundation for future
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张强; 雷开洪; 向丽
2013-01-01
运用规范化的Lyapunov-Schmidt约化方法,在Direchlet边界条件下证明了Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov方程产生分歧,得到了分歧解的具体表达式和分歧解的正则性；在Neumann边界条件下得到了该方程产生超临界分歧和次临界分歧的完整判据、分歧解的具体表达式以及分歧解的正则性.%With normalized Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction method, the bifurcation for Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation with Direchlet boundary condition is proved and the exact expression and the regularity of solutions are obtained. Meanwhile a complete criterion both for supercritical and sub-critical bifurcation of the equation with Neumann boundary condition are derived. Furthermore, the exact form and the regularity of solutions are also obtained.
2016-01-01
These data provide additional information relevant to the frequency of fisher detections by camera traps, and single-season occupancy and local persistence of fishers in small patches of forest habitats detailed elsewhere, “Landscape Fuel Reduction, Forest Fire, and Biophysical Linkages to Local Habitat Use and Local Persistence of Fishers (Pekania pennanti) in Sierra Nevada Mixed-conifer Forests” [10]. The data provides insight on camera trap detections of 3 fisher predators (bobcat [Lynx ru...
Breaking the Spell of Gaussianity: Forecasting with Higher Order Fisher Matrices
Sellentin, Elena; Amendola, Luca
2014-01-01
We present the new method DALI (Derivative Approximation for LIkelihoods) for reconstructing and forecasting posteriors. DALI extends the Fisher Matrix formalism but allows for a much wider range of posterior shapes. While the Fisher Matrix formalism is limited to yield ellipsoidal confidence contours, our method can reproduce the often observed flexed, deformed or curved shapes of known posteriors. This gain in shape fidelity is obtained by expanding the posterior to higher order in derivatives with respect to parameters, such that non-Gaussianity in the parameter space is taken into account. The resulting expansion is positive definite and normalizable at every order. Here, we present the new technique, highlight its advantages and limitations, and show a representative application to a posterior of dark energy parameters from supernovae measurements.
Revisiting the dilatation operator of the Wilson-Fisher fixed point
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liendo, Pedro [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group
2017-01-15
We revisit the order ε dilatation operator of the Wilson-Fisher fixed point obtained by Kehrein, Pismak, and Wegner in light of recent results in conformal field theory. Our approach is algebraic and based only on symmetry principles. The starting point of our analysis is that the first correction to the dilatation operator is a conformal invariant, which implies that its form is fixed up to an infinite set of coefficients associated with the scaling dimensions of higher-spin currents. These coefficients can be fixed using well-known perturbative results, however, they were recently re-obtained using CFT arguments without relying on perturbation theory. Our analysis then implies that all order-ε scaling dimensions of the Wilson-Fisher fixed point can be fixed by symmetry.
Survey design for Spectral Energy Distribution fitting: a Fisher Matrix approach
Acquaviva, Viviana; Bickerton, Steven J; Grogin, Norman A; Guo, Yicheng; Lee, Seong-Kook
2012-01-01
The spectral energy distribution (SED) of a galaxy contains information on the galaxy's physical properties, and multi-wavelength observations are needed in order to measure these properties via SED fitting. In planning these surveys, optimization of the resources is essential. The Fisher Matrix formalism can be used to quickly determine the best possible experimental setup to achieve the desired constraints on the SED fitting parameters. However, because it relies on the assumption of a Gaussian likelihood function, it is in general less accurate than other slower techniques that reconstruct the probability distribution function (PDF) from the direct comparison between models and data. We compare the uncertainties on SED fitting parameters predicted by the Fisher Matrix to the ones obtained using the more thorough PDF fitting techniques. We use both simulated spectra and real data, and consider a large variety of target galaxies differing in redshift, mass, age, star formation history, dust content, and wave...
Extragalactic SETI: The Tully-Fisher relation as probe of Dysonian astroengineering in disk galaxies
Zackrisson, E; Asadi, S; Nyholm, A
2015-01-01
If advanced extraterrestrial civilizations choose to construct vast numbers of Dyson spheres to harvest radiation energy, this could affect the characteristics of their host galaxies. Potential signatures of such astroengineering projects include reduced optical luminosity, boosted infrared luminosity and morphological anomalies. Here, we apply a technique pioneered by Annis (1999) to search for Kardashev type III civilizations in disk galaxies, based on the predicted offset of these galaxies from the optical Tully-Fisher relation. By analyzing a sample of 1359 disk galaxies, we are able to set a conservative upper limit at 3% on the fraction of local disks subject to Dysonian astroengineering on galaxy-wide scales. However, the available data suggests that a small subset of disk galaxies actually may be underluminous with respect to the Tully-Fisher relation in the way expected for Kardashev type III objects. Based on the optical morphologies and infrared-to-optical luminosity ratios of such galaxies in our ...
Book review: Biology and conservation of martens, sables, and fishers: A new synthesis
Jenkins, Kurt J.
2013-01-01
Mammals of the genus Martes, including martens, sables, and fishers, are mid-sized carnivores inhabiting many forested ecosystems throughout regions of North America, Europe, and Asia. This volume provides a comprehensive synthesis of the current state of knowledge pertaining to the biology and conservation of Martes species throughout the world. This volume will be an essential resource for mammalogists, resource managers, and applied ecologists involved in research or conservation of martens, sables, and fishers. For that matter, anyone seeking a full immersion in the modern world of Martes biology and conservation will not be disappointed. The volume has been carefully edited and reviewed, and the thoroughness with which the authors present and interpret recent advances in their specialty areas is really quite impressive.
R. A. Fisher. The relevance of the genetical theory of natural selection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Paola Monari
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Starting from the main statement that “. . . natural selection is not evolution. . . ”, R.A. Fisher built the foundation of the genetic theory of population in his famous work Genetical Theory of Natural Selection (1930. He rewrote the scientific paradigm proposed by Darwin in statistical terms using the calculus of probability and, most importantly, statistics. The key to his formal transposition is in the analysis of variance inwhich Fisher interpreted as phenomenical variability by means of random variability: this completely original result would become a fundamental chapter of statisticalmethod. It is not by chance that at the same time he published his statistical method for research workers in which the analysis of variance dominated his primary elements of the design of experiments.
Fisher information and asymptotic normality in system identification for quantum Markov chains
Guta, Madalin
2010-01-01
This paper deals with the problem of estimating the coupling constant $\\theta$ of a mixing quantum Markov chain with finite dimensional quantum systems. For a repeated measurement on the chain's output we show that the outcomes' time average has an asymptotically normal (Gaussian) distribution, and we give the explicit expressions of its mean and variance. This provides a simple estimator of $\\theta$ with computable classical Fisher information which can be optimized over different choices of measurements. We then show that the output itself is asymptotically normal, i.e. at time $n$ the joint output states with parameters of the form $\\theta_{0}+u/\\sqrt{n}$ look like a one dimensional family of coherent states with displacement $u\\sqrt{F/2}$, where $F$ is the quantum Fisher information of the output. These results are quantum extensions of theorems from the theory of classical Markov chains, and further extensions to continuous time dynamics and multiple parameters are in preparation.
Evolutionary systemic risk: Fisher information flow metric in financial network dynamics
Khashanah, Khaldoun; Yang, Hanchao
2016-03-01
Recently the topic of financial network dynamics has gained renewed interest from researchers in the field of empirical systemic risk measurements. We refer to this type of network analysis as information flow networks analysis (IFNA). This paper proposes a new method that applies Fisher information metric to the evolutionary dynamics of financial networks using IFNA. Our paper is the first to apply the Fisher information metric to a set of financial time series. We introduce Evolution Index (EI) as a measure of systemic risk in financial networks. It is shown, for concrete networks with actual data of several stock markets, that the EI can be implemented as a measure of fitness of the stock market and as a leading indicator of systemic risk.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Oana Mionel
2012-02-01
Full Text Available This article assesses the impact of the inflationand interest rates on the exchange rates.The analysis tests the relation between the inflation rate and the exchange rate by applying thePurchasing Power Parity Theory, while the relationbetween the interest rate and the inflation rate istested by applying the International Fisher EffectTheory. In order to test the Purchasing Power Paritythe study takes into account the period of time between 1990 – 2009, and the following countries –the USA, Germany, the UK, Switzerland, Canada, Japan and China. As for testing the InternationalFisher Effect Theory the period of time is the same, 1990 – 2009, but a few countries are different –the USA, Germany, the UK, Switzerland, Canada, Australia and New Zeeland. Thus, both theoriesanalyse the USA as home country.
Spatially inhomogeneous structures in the solution of Fisher-Kolmogorov equation with delay
Aleshin, S. V.; Glyzin, S. D.; Kaschenko, S. A.
2016-02-01
We consider the problem of density wave propagation in a logistic equation with delay and diffusion (Fisher-Kolmogorov equation with delay). A Ginzburg-Landau equation was constructed in order to study the qualitative behavior of the solution near the equilibrium state. The numerical analysis of wave propagation shows that for a sufficiently small delay this equation has a solution similar to the solution of a classical Fisher-Kolmogorov equation. The delay increasing leads to existence of the oscillatory component in spatial distribution of solutions. A further increase of delay leads to destruction of the traveling wave. That is expressed in the fact that undamped spatio-temporal fluctuations exist in a neighborhood of the initial perturbation. These fluctuations are close to the solution of the corresponding boundary value problem with periodic boundary conditions. Finally, when the delay is sufficiently large we observe intensive spatio-temporal fluctuations in the whole area of wave propagation.
Using the Tukey-Kramer omnibus test in the Hayter-Fisher procedure.
Richter, Scott J; McCann, Melinda H
2012-11-01
Using Tukey-Kramer versus the ANOVA F-test as the omnibus test of the Hayter-Fisher procedure for comparing all pairs of normally distributed means, when sample sizes are unequal, is investigated. Simulation results suggest that using Tukey-Kramer leads to as much or more any-pairs power compared to using the F-test for certain patterns of mean differences, and equivalent per-pair and all-pairs power for all cases. Furthermore, using Tukey-Kramer results in a consonant test procedure, where there cannot be disagreement between the results of the omnibus test and the subsequent pairwise tests. The results suggest that when sample sizes are unequal, Tukey-Kramer may be preferred over the F-test as the omnibus test for the Hayter-Fisher procedure.
Cormorant catch concerns for fishers: estimating the size-selectivity of a piscivorous bird.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vladimir Troynikov
Full Text Available Conflict arises in fisheries worldwide when piscivorous birds target fish species of commercial value. This paper presents a method for estimating size selectivity functions for piscivores and uses it to compare predation selectivities of Great Cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis L. 1758 with that of gill-net fishing on a European perch (Perca fluviatilis L. 1758 population in the Curonian Lagoon, Lithuania. Fishers often regard cormorants as an unwanted "satellite species", but the degree of direct competition and overlap in size-specific selectivity between fishers and cormorants is unknown. This study showed negligible overlap in selectivity between Great Cormorants and legal-sized commercial nets. The selectivity estimation method has general application potential for use in conjunction with population dynamics models to assess fish population responses to size-selective fishing from a wide range of piscivorous predators.
A simple mathematical model for anomalous diffusion via Fisher's information theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ubriaco, Marcelo R., E-mail: ubriaco@ltp.upr.clu.ed [Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus, San Juan, PR 00931 (Puerto Rico)
2009-10-26
Starting with the relative entropy based on a previously proposed entropy function S{sub q}[p]=integraldxp(x)x(-lnp(x)){sup q}, we find the corresponding Fisher's information measure. After function redefinition we then maximize the Fisher information measure with respect to the new function and obtain a differential operator that reduces to a space coordinate second derivative in the q->1 limit. We then propose a simple differential equation for anomalous diffusion and show that its solutions are a generalization of the functions in the Barenblatt-Pattle solution. We find that the mean squared displacement, up to a q-dependent constant, has a time dependence according to
COMBINATION OF PITCH SYNCHRONOUS ANALYSIS AND FISHER CRITERION FOR SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
A novel text independent speaker identification system is proposed. In the proposed system,the 12-order perceptual linear predictive cepstrum and their delta coefficients in the span of five frames are extracted from the segmented speech based on the method of pitch synchronous analysis. The Fisher ratios of the original coefficients then be calculated, and the coefficients whose Fisher ratios are bigger are selected to form the 13-dimensional feature vectors of speaker. The Gaussian mixture model is used to model the speakers. The experimental results show that the identification accuracy of the proposed system is obviously better than that of the systems based on other conventional coefficients like the linear predictive cepstral coefficients and the Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients.
A Novel Imbalanced Data Classification Approach Based on Logistic Regression and Fisher Discriminant
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Baofeng Shi
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We introduce an imbalanced data classification approach based on logistic regression significant discriminant and Fisher discriminant. First of all, a key indicators extraction model based on logistic regression significant discriminant and correlation analysis is derived to extract features for customer classification. Secondly, on the basis of the linear weighted utilizing Fisher discriminant, a customer scoring model is established. And then, a customer rating model where the customer number of all ratings follows normal distribution is constructed. The performance of the proposed model and the classical SVM classification method are evaluated in terms of their ability to correctly classify consumers as default customer or nondefault customer. Empirical results using the data of 2157 customers in financial engineering suggest that the proposed approach better performance than the SVM model in dealing with imbalanced data classification. Moreover, our approach contributes to locating the qualified customers for the banks and the bond investors.
Fisher's zeros as boundary of renormalization group flows in complex coupling spaces
Denbleyker, A; Liu, Yuzhi; Meurice, Y; Zou, Haiyuan
2010-01-01
We propose new methods to extend the renormalization group transformation to complex coupling spaces. We argue that the Fisher's zeros are located at the boundary of the complex basin of attraction of infra-red fixed points. We support this picture with numerical calculations at finite volume for two-dimensional O(N) models in the large-N limit and the hierarchical Ising model. We present numerical evidence that, as the volume increases, the Fisher's zeros of 4-dimensional pure gauge SU(2) lattice gauge theory with a Wilson action, stabilize at a distance larger than 0.15 from the real axis in the complex beta=4/g^2 plane. We discuss the implications for proofs of confinement and searches for nontrivial infra-red fixed points in models beyond the standard model.
The free energy method and the Wright-Fisher model with 2 alleles.
Tran, Tat Dat; Hofrichter, Julian; Jost, Jürgen
2015-12-01
We systematically investigate the Wright-Fisher model of population genetics with the free energy functional formalism of statistical mechanics and in the light of recent mathematical work on the connection between Fokker-Planck equations and free energy functionals. In statistical physics, entropy increases, or equivalently, free energy decreases, and the asymptotic state is given by a Gibbs-type distribution. This also works for the Wright-Fisher model when rewritten in divergence to identify the correct free energy functional. We not only recover the known results about the stationary distribution, that is, the asymptotic equilibrium state of the model, in the presence of positive mutation rates and possibly also selection, but can also provide detailed formulae for the rate of convergence towards that stationary distribution. In the present paper, the method is illustrated for the simplest case only, that of two alleles.
Entanglement entropy of the large $N$ Wilson-Fisher conformal field theory
Whitsitt, Seth; Sachdev, Subir
2016-01-01
We compute the entanglement entropy of the Wilson-Fisher conformal field theory (CFT) in 2+1 dimensions with O($N$) symmetry in the limit of large $N$ for general entanglement geometries. We show that the leading large $N$ result can be obtained from the entanglement entropy of $N$ Gaussian scalar fields with their mass determined by the geometry. For a few geometries, the universal part of the entanglement entropy of the Wilson-Fisher CFT equals that of a CFT of $N$ massless scalar fields. However, in most cases, these CFTs have a distinct universal entanglement entropy even at $N=\\infty$. Notably, for a semi-infinite cylindrical region it scales as $N^0$, in stark contrast to the $N$-linear result of the Gaussian fixed point.
SUPERNOVA FEEDBACK AND THE BEND OF THE TULLY-FISHER RELATION
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M. E. De Rossi
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Estudiamos el origen de la relación de Tully-Fisher analizando simulaciones hidrodinámicas en un universo ACDM. Encontramos que las galaxias más pequeñas exhiben masas estelares menores que aquellas predichas por el ajuste lineal de las galaxias más masivas, en consistencia con las observaciones. En este modelo, estas tendencias son generadas por la acción más eficiente de la retroalimentación al medio por supernovas en la regulación de la formación estelar de las galaxias más pequeñas. Sin introducir parámetros dependientes de escala, el modelo predice un cambio de pendiente en la relación de Tully-Fisher para una velocidad característica de -100 km s-1, en acuerdo con resultados observacionales y teóricos previos.
A PATH INTEGRAL FORMULATION OF THE WRIGHT-FISHER PROCESS WITH GENIC SELECTION
SCHRAIBER, JOSHUA G.
2014-01-01
The Wright-Fisher process with selection is an important tool in population genetics theory. Traditional analysis of this process relies on the diffusion approximation. The diffusion approximation is usually studied in a partial differential equations framework. In this paper, I introduce a path integral formalism to study the Wright-Fisher process with selection and use that formalism to obtain a simple perturbation series to approximate the transition density. The perturbation series can be understood in terms of Feynman diagrams, which have a simple probabilistic interpretation in terms of selective events. The perturbation series proves to be an accurate approximation of the transition density for weak selection and is shown to be arbitrarily accurate for any selection coefficient. PMID:24269333
Profile and influence of the successful fisher-Inventor of marine conservation technology
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jenkins Lekelia
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Anecdotally it is often said that fishers are the best inventors of marine conservation technologies. In this paper I describe case studies of Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs and dolphin conservation technology, offering empirical evidence that fishers are successful inventors of marine conservation technology. I describe the Local Inventor Effect, in which adoption of a technology is disproportionately high in the geographic area near the inventor′s home. In one case, the adoption of a local invention was 600% higher than that of the next most popular device. Further, I present the Successful Inventor Profile for inventors of marine conservation technologies. This profile consists of three characteristics (1 a successful conservation technology inventor will have extensive experience relevant to the problem and potential solutions, (2 he or she will have extensive experience in fabrication, and (3 he or she will have the ability and tendency to employ mental and/or physical models, to assemble and refine inventions.
Thermo Fisher Scientific正式启用中文名称
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
Thermo Fisher Scientific,全球科学服务领域的领导者于今天宣布从即日起正式启用全新中文名称：赛默飞世尔科技。新中文名称将应用于公司的所有官方文件及一切经营活动之中。
Fisher's Discriminant and Relevant Component Analysis for static facial expression classification
Sorci, Matteo; Antonini, Gianluca; Thiran, Jean-Philippe
2007-01-01
This paper addresses the issue of automatic classification of the six universal emotional categories (joy, surprise, fear, anger, disgust, sadness) in the case of static images. Appearance parameters are extracted by an active appearance model(AAM) representing the input for the classification step. We show how Relevant Component Analysis (RCA) in combination with Fisher's Linear Discriminant (FLD) provides a good "plug-\\&-play" classifier in the context of facial expression recognitio...
Key point selection and clustering of swimmer coordination through Sparse Fisher-EM
Komar, John; Seifert, Ludovic
2014-01-01
To answer the existence of optimal swimmer learning/teaching strategies, this work introduces a two-level clustering in order to analyze temporal dynamics of motor learning in breaststroke swimming. Each level have been performed through Sparse Fisher-EM, a unsupervised framework which can be applied efficiently on large and correlated datasets. The induced sparsity selects key points of the coordination phase without any prior knowledge.
Abnormalities of neuromuscular transmission in patients with Miller-Fisher syndrome.
Menon, Parvathi; Mahant, Neil; Vucic, Steve
2012-11-01
The mechanism of motor weakness in patients with Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS) remains to be fully elucidated. We performed stimulated single fibre electromyography (sSFEMG) in a clinically weak frontalis muscle in a patient with MFS. Stimulate single fiber EMG revealed increased jitter in over 50% of the apparent single fibre action potentials from the frontalis muscle in addition to increased mean jitter. The findings in the present study suggest dysfunction of neuromuscular transmission in patients with MFS.
Irving Fisher and Price-Level Targeting in Austria: Was Silver the Answer?
Richard C. K. Burdekin; Kris James Mitchener; Marc D. Weidenmier
2011-01-01
The question of price level versus inflation targeting remains controversial. Disagreement concerns, not so much the desirability of price stability, but rather the means of achieving it. Irving Fisher argued for a commodity dollar standard where the purchasing power of money was fixed by indexing it to a basket of commodities. We show that movements in the price of silver closely track the movements in overall prices during the classical gold standard era. The one-to-one relationship between...
A novel approach for solving fractional Fisher equation using differential transform method
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
MIRZAZADEH M
2016-05-01
In the present paper, an analytic solution of nonlinear fractional Fisher equation is deduced with the help of the powerful differential transform method (DTM). To illustrate the method, two examples have been prepared. The method for this equation has led to an exact solution. The reliability, simplicity and cost-effectiveness of the method are confirmed by applying this method on different forms of functional equations.
A fisher vector representation of GPR data for detecting buried objects
Karem, Andrew; Khalifa, Amine B.; Frigui, Hichem
2016-05-01
We present a new method, based on the Fisher Vector (FV), for detecting buried explosive objects using ground- penetrating radar (GPR) data. First, low-level dense SIFT features are extracted from a grid covering a region of interest (ROIs). ROIs are identified as regions with high-energy along the (down-track, depth) dimensions of the 3-D GPR cube, or with high-energy along the (cross-track, depth) dimensions. Next, we model the training data (in the SIFT feature space) by a mixture of Gaussian components. Then, we construct FV descriptors based on the Fisher Kernel. The Fisher Kernel characterizes low-level features from an ROI by their deviation from a generative model. The deviation is the gradient of the ROI log-likelihood with respect to the generative model parameters. The vectorial representation of all the deviations is called the Fisher Vector. FV is a generalization of the standard Bag of Words (BoW) method, which provides a framework to map a set of local descriptors to a global feature vector. It is more efficient to compute than the BoW since it relies on a significantly smaller codebook. In addition, mapping a GPR signature into one global feature vector using this technique makes it more efficient to classify using simple and fast linear classifiers such as Support Vector Machines. The proposed approach is applied to detect buried explosive objects using GPR data. The selected data were accumulated across multiple dates and multiple test sites by a vehicle mounted mine detector (VMMD) using GPR sensor. This data consist of a diverse set of conventional landmines and other buried explosive objects consisting of varying shapes, metal content, and burial depths. The performance of the proposed approach is analyzed using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) and is compared to other state-of-the-art feature representation methods.
Edward, Jimenez; Hector, Mosquera; Marco, Cortez; Jimenez, Esteban; Ayala, Carlos E.; Gustavo, Lopez; Ullrich, Stahl
2016-01-01
In this work we show that the dynamics of chemical reactions of order zero, one and two have a representation through logistics probability. This probability is robust, stable and complies systemically with the differential equation of Fisher Kolmogorov (F K). It is robust, because in theorem 1 and theorem 3 differential equations of diffusion and heat transfer are obtained, where the temperature plays a key role. Also, the Eikonal equation of wave mechanics allows us to construct the heat eq...
Classical and quantum Fisher information in the geometrical formulation of quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Facchi, Paolo [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Bari, I-70125 Bari (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); MECENAS, Universita Federico II di Napoli and Universita di Bari (Italy); Kulkarni, Ravi [Vivekananda Yoga Research Foundation, Bangalore 560 080 (India); Man' ko, V.I., E-mail: manko@na.infn.i [P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninskii Prospect 53, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Marmo, Giuseppe [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli ' Federico II' , I-80126 Napoli (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Napoli, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); MECENAS, Universita Federico II di Napoli and Universita di Bari (Italy); Sudarshan, E.C.G. [Department of Physics, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Ventriglia, Franco [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli ' Federico II' , I-80126 Napoli (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Napoli, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); MECENAS, Universita Federico II di Napoli and Universita di Bari (Italy)
2010-11-01
The tomographic picture of quantum mechanics has brought the description of quantum states closer to that of classical probability and statistics. On the other hand, the geometrical formulation of quantum mechanics introduces a metric tensor and a symplectic tensor (Hermitian tensor) on the space of pure states. By putting these two aspects together, we show that the Fisher information metric, both classical and quantum, can be described by means of the Hermitian tensor on the manifold of pure states.
Levchenko, E. A.; Trifonov, A. Yu.; Shapovalov, A. V.
2014-04-01
A class of nonlinear symmetry operators has been constructed for the many-dimensional nonlocal Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation quadratic in independent variables and derivatives. The construction of each symmetry operator includes an interwining operator for the auxiliary linear equations and additional nonlinear algebraic conditions. Symmetry operators for the one-dimensional equation with a constant influence function have been constructed in explicit form and used to obtain a countable set of exact solutions.
On the nonlocal Fisher-KPP equation: steady states, spreading speed and global bounds
Hamel, François; Ryzhik, Lenya
2014-11-01
We consider the Fisher-KPP (for Kolmogorov-Petrovsky-Piskunov) equation with a nonlocal interaction term. We establish a condition on the interaction that allows for existence of non-constant periodic solutions, and prove uniform upper bounds for the solutions of the Cauchy problem, as well as upper and lower bounds on the spreading rate of the solutions with compactly supported initial data.
Estimate of Accuracy of Solution of the Nonlocal Fisher-Kolomogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov Equation
Levchenko, E. A.; Trifonov, A. Yu.; Shapovalov, A. V.
2013-05-01
The discrepancy of semiclassical asymptotics for the one-dimensional nonlocal Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation is investigated. It is shown that there exist values of the parameters of the system, for which the norm of the discrepancy is bounded and the accuracy of the asymptotic solution is preserved over the entire time interval, but also values of the parameters, for which the discrepancy tends to zero, and the asymptotic solution tends to the exact one.
Hand, DJ
2015-01-01
The nature of statistics has changed over time. It was originally concerned with descriptive ?matters of state??with summarizing population numbers, economic strength and social conditions. But during the course of the twentieth century its aim broadened to include inference?how to use data to shed light on underlying mechanisms, about what might happen in the future, about what would happen if certain actions were taken. Central to this development was Ronald Fisher. Over the course of his l...
Liu, X M; Cheng, W W; Liu, J-M
2016-01-19
We investigate the quantum Fisher information and quantum phase transitions of an XY spin chain with staggered Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction using the quantum renormalization-group method. The quantum Fisher information, its first-derivatives, and the finite-size scaling behaviors are rigorously calculated respectively. The singularity of the derivatives at the phase transition point as a function of lattice size is carefully discussed and it is revealed that the scaling exponent for quantum Fisher information at the critical point can be used to describe the correlation length of this model, addressing the substantial role of staggered Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in modulating quantum phase transitions.
Widyaningsih, Purnami; Retno Sari Saputro, Dewi; Nugrahani Putri, Aulia
2017-06-01
GWOLR model combines geographically weighted regression (GWR) and (ordinal logistic reression) OLR models. Its parameter estimation employs maximum likelihood estimation. Such parameter estimation, however, yields difficult-to-solve system of nonlinear equations, and therefore numerical approximation approach is required. The iterative approximation approach, in general, uses Newton-Raphson (NR) method. The NR method has a disadvantage—its Hessian matrix is always the second derivatives of each iteration so it does not always produce converging results. With regard to this matter, NR model is modified by substituting its Hessian matrix into Fisher information matrix, which is termed Fisher scoring (FS). The present research seeks to determine GWOLR model parameter estimation using Fisher scoring method and apply the estimation on data of the level of vulnerability to Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Semarang. The research concludes that health facilities give the greatest contribution to the probability of the number of DHF sufferers in both villages. Based on the number of the sufferers, IR category of DHF in both villages can be determined.
A Fisher Kernel Approach for Multiple Instance Based Object Retrieval in Video Surveillance
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MIRONICA, I.
2015-11-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an automated surveillance system that exploits the Fisher Kernel representation in the context of multiple-instance object retrieval task. The proposed algorithm has the main purpose of tracking a list of persons in several video sources, using only few training examples. In the first step, the Fisher Kernel representation describes a set of features as the derivative with respect to the log-likelihood of the generative probability distribution that models the feature distribution. Then, we learn the generative probability distribution over all features extracted from a reduced set of relevant frames. The proposed approach shows significant improvements and we demonstrate that Fisher kernels are well suited for this task. We demonstrate the generality of our approach in terms of features by conducting an extensive evaluation with a broad range of keypoints features. Also, we evaluate our method on two standard video surveillance datasets attaining superior results comparing to state-of-the-art object recognition algorithms.
He, Zhangyi; Beaumont, Mark; Yu, Feng
2017-07-05
We explore the effect of different mechanisms of natural selection on the evolution of populations for one- and two-locus systems. We compare the effect of viability and fecundity selection in the context of the Wright-Fisher model with selection under the assumption of multiplicative fitness. We show that these two modes of natural selection correspond to different orderings of the processes of population regulation and natural selection in the Wright-Fisher model. We find that under the Wright-Fisher model these two different orderings can affect the distribution of trajectories of haplotype frequencies evolving with genetic recombination. However, the difference in the distribution of trajectories is only appreciable when the population is in significant linkage disequilibrium. We find that as linkage disequilibrium decays the trajectories for the two different models rapidly become indistinguishable. We discuss the significance of these findings in terms of biological examples of viability and fecundity selection, and speculate that the effect may be significant when factors such as gene migration maintain a degree of linkage disequilibrium. Copyright © 2017 He et al.
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Zhangyi He
2017-07-01
Full Text Available We explore the effect of different mechanisms of natural selection on the evolution of populations for one- and two-locus systems. We compare the effect of viability and fecundity selection in the context of the Wright-Fisher model with selection under the assumption of multiplicative fitness. We show that these two modes of natural selection correspond to different orderings of the processes of population regulation and natural selection in the Wright-Fisher model. We find that under the Wright-Fisher model these two different orderings can affect the distribution of trajectories of haplotype frequencies evolving with genetic recombination. However, the difference in the distribution of trajectories is only appreciable when the population is in significant linkage disequilibrium. We find that as linkage disequilibrium decays the trajectories for the two different models rapidly become indistinguishable. We discuss the significance of these findings in terms of biological examples of viability and fecundity selection, and speculate that the effect may be significant when factors such as gene migration maintain a degree of linkage disequilibrium.
Rules Compliance and Age: Experimental Evidence with Fishers from the Amazon River
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Maria Alejandra Velez
2013-09-01
Full Text Available We report the results of common-pool resource economic experiments conducted with indigenous communities in the Colombian Amazon. The experiments recreate two contexts: a limited open access with no institutions regulating the fisheries and a nonmonetary external regulation that limits individual extraction when a fisher is found to be overextracting. We find that variables that did not explain behavior under limited open access do so under the regulatory institution. In particular, when the nonmonetary external regulation was introduced, we found a nonlinear significant effect of age on individual harvest. This result implies a negative relationship between age and individual extraction that reaches a peak around age 54. Our results suggest that in our sample, age groups react differently to an institution aimed to manage the fishery and open a discussion regarding the role of older fishers when a new regulation is introduced to manage natural resources. Their role could go beyond the dissemination of traditional knowledge and cultural systems since older fishers could be key actors in disseminating and adapting new institutions.
Haas, Kevin R; Yang, Haw; Chu, Jhih-Wei
2013-09-28
The evaluation of the Fisher information matrix for the probability density of trajectories generated by the over-damped Langevin dynamics at equilibrium is presented. The framework we developed is general and applicable to any arbitrary potential of mean force where the parameter set is now the full space dependent function. Leveraging an innovative Hermitian form of the corresponding Fokker-Planck equation allows for an eigenbasis decomposition of the time propagation probability density. This formulation motivates the use of the square root of the equilibrium probability density as the basis for evaluating the Fisher information of trajectories with the essential advantage that the Fisher information matrix in the specified parameter space is constant. This outcome greatly eases the calculation of information content in the parameter space via a line integral. In the continuum limit, a simple analytical form can be derived to explicitly reveal the physical origin of the information content in equilibrium trajectories. This methodology also allows deduction of least informative dynamics models from known or available observables that are either dynamical or static in nature. The minimum information optimization of dynamics is performed for a set of different constraints to illustrate the generality of the proposed methodology.
Carron, Julien; Lilly, Simon
2011-01-01
This paper is aimed at developing a better understanding of the structure of the information that in contained in galaxy surveys, so as to find optimal ways to combine observables from such surveys. We first show how Jaynes' Maximal Entropy Principle allows us, in the general case, to express the Fisher information content of data sets in terms of the curvature of the Shannon entropy surface with respect to the relevant observables. This allows us to understand the Fisher information content of a data set, once a physical model is specified, independently of the specific way that the data will be processed, and without any assumptions of Gaussianity. This includes as a special case the standard Fisher matrix prescriptions for Gaussian variables widely used in the cosmological community, for instance for power spectra extraction. As an application of this approach, we evaluate the prospects of a joint analysis of weak lensing tracers up to second order in the shapes distortions, in the case that the noise in e...
联系、环境和群体：Abraham Wald和他的序贯概率比检验
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Patti Wilger Hunter; 杨志（译）; 青王芬（译）; 陆柱家（校）
2007-01-01
在匈牙利出生的数学家Abraham Wald，1938年从Vienna移民到美国，1940年代初期参加了一个科学家小组为美国政府做与国防有关的研究．Wald以及统计研究组（SRG）的工作创造了一种理论，它立即而且长效地影响了数理统计的研究，这就是序贯分析的理论．Wald在1943年发展了创造序贯分析的思想，提出序贯概率比检验（SPRT），这是作为对SRG中两名其他成员——Allen Wallis和Milton Friedman，向他提出的审查抽样问题的回答．
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Elena M Ragragio; Celeste P Belleza; Mark C Narciso; Glenn L Sia Su
2010-01-01
Objective:To evaluate the potential toxic effects of mine tailings exposure among the fisher folks residing near and far from the Calancan Bay, Marinduque, using the micronucleus assay as an endpoint.Methods: The fisher folks residing near and far from the Calancan Bay were interviewed and the presence and frequency of cells with micronucleus in exfoliated buccal epithelial cells were examined.Results: Results showed that the prevalence of cells with micronucleus was higher among the fisher folks who were directly exposed to the mine tailings as compared with those fisher folks who reside in a community without exposure of mine tailings and history of mining (P<0.05).Conclusions: The presence and the significant difference in the cells with micronuclei observed near the Calancan Bay could possibly indicate a prolonged chemical stress caused by the toxic heavy metals in the mine tailings and the environment.
Happe, Patricia J.; Jenkins, Kurt J.; Kay, Thomas J.; Pilgrim, Kristy L.; Schwartz, Michael K.; Lewis, Jeffrey C.; Aubry, Keith B.
2015-01-01
With the translocation and release of 90 fishers (Pekania pennanti) from British Columbia to Olympic National Park during 2008–2010, the National Park Service and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife accomplished the first phase of fisher restoration in Washington State. Beginning in 2013, we initiated a new research project to determine the current status of fishers on Washington’s Olympic Peninsula 3–5 years after the releases and evaluate the short-term success of the restoration program. Objectives of the study are to determine the current distribution of fishers and proportion of the recovery area that is currently occupied by fishers, determine several genetic characteristics of the reintroduced population, and determine reproductive success of the founding animals through genetic studies. During 2014, we continued working with a broad coalition of cooperating agencies, tribes, and nongovernmental organizations (NGO) to collect data on fisher distribution and genetics using noninvasive sampling methods. The primary sampling frame consisted of 157 24-square-kilometer hexagons (hexes) distributed across all major land ownerships within the Olympic Peninsula target survey area. In 2014 we expanded the study by adding 58 more hexes to an expanded study area in response to incidental fisher observations outside of the target area obtained in 2013; 49 hexes were added south and 9 to the east of the target area. During 2014, federal, state, tribal and NGO biologists and volunteers established three baited motion-sensing camera stations, paired with hair snaring devices, in 80 hexes; 69 in the targeted area 11 in the expansion areas. Each paired camera/hair station was left in place for approximately 6 weeks, with three checks on 2-week intervals. We documented fisher presence in 5 of the 80 hexagons, and identified 5 different fishers through a combination of microsatellite DNA analyses and camera detections. All fisher detections were in the target area
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pors, Niels Ole
2010-01-01
Review: Michael Crandall & Karen E. Fisher (Eds) Digital Inclusion: Measuring the Impact of Information and Community Technology. Medford. Information Today. ASIS&T Monographs, 2009. 185 pages. $ 59.50. ISBN 978-1-57387-373-4......Review: Michael Crandall & Karen E. Fisher (Eds) Digital Inclusion: Measuring the Impact of Information and Community Technology. Medford. Information Today. ASIS&T Monographs, 2009. 185 pages. $ 59.50. ISBN 978-1-57387-373-4...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Apurba Krishna Deb
2011-12-01
Full Text Available Due to its deltaic geographical position and precarious socioeconomic and demographic conditions, Bangladesh is recognized worldwide for its exposure to recurring environmental hazards. Based on a 21-month long field study in two fishing villages that are characterized by distinct ecological settings and ethnic groups, this article examines the arrays of cross-scale environmental, social and institutional stressors that singly or cumulatively impact fishers’ livelihood well-being and generational poverty. Analysis of the vulnerabilities makes it clear that the degree to which poor fishers suffer from environmental stressors and calamities is determined not only by the frequency of abnormal events, but also by their internal capabilities of self-protection, resilience against those stressors, position in the social network and asset and resource ownership. Coastal and floodplain fishers identified cyclone and long-standing floods as strong drivers of poverty as their bundles of ‘safety net’ capital are usually disrupted or lost. For a majority of the fishers, income/day/family declines to as low as US$ 0.7–0.9. Fishers lack appropriate sets of endowments and entitlements that would allow them immediate buffer against livelihood stressors. Vulnerability here is intricately related to one’s socio-economic status; poor and ‘socially vulnerable’ ethnic fishers are concurrently ‘biologically vulnerable’ too. The corollary of multi-faceted stressors is that, poverty persists as an ever-increasing haunting presence that thousands of floodplain and coastal fishers of Bangladesh are forced to cope with. It is evident that nature-induced stressors exert ‘ratchet effects’ on fishers with low endowments who critically risk nutritional deprivation and social standing. Lucidly, most of the fishers are trapped in a form of ‘livelihood war’.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pors, Niels Ole
2010-01-01
Review: Michael Crandall & Karen E. Fisher (Eds) Digital Inclusion: Measuring the Impact of Information and Community Technology. Medford. Information Today. ASIS&T Monographs, 2009. 185 pages. $ 59.50. ISBN 978-1-57387-373-4......Review: Michael Crandall & Karen E. Fisher (Eds) Digital Inclusion: Measuring the Impact of Information and Community Technology. Medford. Information Today. ASIS&T Monographs, 2009. 185 pages. $ 59.50. ISBN 978-1-57387-373-4...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
最后的神
2009-01-01
在不久前结束的香港渣打马拉松上，几乎有近一半的运动员穿着MIZUN0的跑鞋。MIZUNO在跑步市场受到的热捧，由此可见一斑，善战者无赫赫之功．在MIZUNO赢得广大跑步爱好者芳心的过程中。WAVE RIDER 12功不可没。
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mateja Nenadovic
2012-03-01
Full Text Available The debate about the quality of fishers' ecological knowledge (FEK and its value to fisheries management has long been present in the literature. This study sought to understand the role of FEK in a particular fisheries management decision in the U.S. and to evaluate the extent that different stakeholder groups recognized and used FEK in fisheries policy creation. The 1998 implementation of the Western Gulf of Maine Area Closure (WGoMAC was a management response to the rapid decline in the Gulf of Maine cod (Gadus morhua stock. Using structured surveys and semistructured interviews, we collected information from major stakeholder groups that were active during the creation of the area closure: New England Fishery Management Council (NEFMC members, Groundfish Advisory Panel members, Groundfish Plan Development Team members, and Maine groundfishers. Results indicated that 95% of respondents believed that fishers possess ecological knowledge that could be useful in the fishery management process. In the case of the WGoMAC creation, 62% of respondents indicated that FEK played a role in the decision, even though 85% recognized obstacles to the use of FEK in the management process. Interviews demonstrated that FEK was able to improve upon the spatial resolution of scientific data by identifying seasonal migration patterns of prespawning cod and behavioral differences between juvenile and adult cod. This information was a product of a peer-reviewed process among groundfishers and it was used to fine-tune the exact location of the closure. These findings suggest that there are ways to incorporate FEK into fishery management for the purposes of stock and habitat conservation. Additionally, the benefit of having ecological information that spans different spatial scales for fishery management was observed in this study. By combining the knowledge systems of fishers and fisheries scientists, managers were able to capture ecological information at a finer
Accelerating Wright-Fisher Forward Simulations on the Graphics Processing Unit.
Lawrie, David S
2017-09-07
Forward Wright-Fisher simulations are powerful in their ability to model complex demography and selection scenarios, but suffer from slow execution on the Central Processor Unit (CPU), thus limiting their usefulness. However, the single-locus Wright-Fisher forward algorithm is exceedingly parallelizable, with many steps that are so-called "embarrassingly parallel," consisting of a vast number of individual computations that are all independent of each other and thus capable of being performed concurrently. The rise of modern Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) and programming languages designed to leverage the inherent parallel nature of these processors have allowed researchers to dramatically speed up many programs that have such high arithmetic intensity and intrinsic concurrency. The presented GPU Optimized Wright-Fisher simulation, or "GO Fish" for short, can be used to simulate arbitrary selection and demographic scenarios while running over 250-fold faster than its serial counterpart on the CPU. Even modest GPU hardware can achieve an impressive speedup of over two orders of magnitude. With simulations so accelerated, one can not only do quick parametric bootstrapping of previously estimated parameters, but also use simulated results to calculate the likelihoods and summary statistics of demographic and selection models against real polymorphism data, all without restricting the demographic and selection scenarios that can be modeled or requiring approximations to the single-locus forward algorithm for efficiency. Further, as many of the parallel programming techniques used in this simulation can be applied to other computationally intensive algorithms important in population genetics, GO Fish serves as an exciting template for future research into accelerating computation in evolution. GO Fish is part of the Parallel PopGen Package available at: http://dl42.github.io/ParallelPopGen/. Copyright © 2017 Lawrie.
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Oreto Doménech
2015-12-01
Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-9288.2015v11n2p128 Presentamos una lectura comparada de tres obras de literatura electrónica representativas de un proceso de autoría encarnada y en las que la corporalidad es un aspecto esencial, tanto temáticamente como en cuanto al proceso de lectura. Separation/Separation, de Annie Abrahams, és un poema electrónico que simula el diálogo entre el cuerpo y la máquina. Sin embargo, el proceso de lectura nos desvela significados ocultos relacionados con el género: la recuperación del cuerpo es una metáfora de la recuperación emocional a través de un discurso de empoderamiento. Vniverse de Stephanie Strickland es un poemario híbrido que compila una experiencia lectora y un proceso de crecimiento identitario. Con los versos que dedica a Simone Weil, que representa la escritura, el pensamiento y la acción desde la experiencia corporal, se construye un universo que cuestiona los mecanismos de poder a través del desbaratamiento del proceso lector y de la disolución de la figura mitificada de la mujer. En Underbelly, Christine Wilks sitúa en las entrañas de la tierra el relato etnológico e histórico de las mujeres mineras de la Inglaterra del siglo XIX y las interfiere con la voz de una artista actual que trabaja la piedra. Las mujeres de Underbelly estan separadas por siglos pero atravesadas por un mismo proceso, el de la maternidad.
Sharp interface limit of the Fisher-KPP equation when initial data have slow exponential decay
Alfaro, Matthieu
2010-01-01
We investigate the singular limit, as $\\ep \\to 0$, of the Fisher equation $\\partial_t u=\\ep \\Delta u + \\ep ^{-1}u(1-u)$ in the whole space. We consider initial data with compact support plus perturbations with {\\it slow exponential decay}. We prove that the sharp interface limit moves by a constant speed, which dramatically depends on the tails of the initial data. By performing a fine analysis of both the generation and motion of interface, we provide a new estimate of the thickness of the transition layers.
A break in the high-redshift stellar mass Tully-Fisher relation
Christensen, Lise; Hjorth, Jens
2017-09-01
We investigate the stellar-mass Tully-Fisher relation (TFR) between the stellar mass and the integrated gas velocity dispersion, quantified by the kinematic estimator S0.5 measured from strong emission lines in spectra of galaxies at 0 law slope and normalization of the TFR are independent of redshift out to z ∼ 3. The scatter in the TFR is 3, the scatter increases and the existence of a correlation is not obvious. The high-luminosity sample exhibits a flatter slope of 1.5 ± 0.2 at z natural consequence of galaxy models with a mass-dependent stellar-to-halo mass ratio.
Application of Fisher method to discriminating earthquakes and explosions using criterion mb/Ms
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
BIAN Yin-ju
2005-01-01
We try to give a quantitative and global discrimination function by studying mb/Ms data using Fisher method that is a kind of pattern recognition methods. The reliability of the function is also analyzed. The results show that this criterion works well and has a global feature, which can be used as first-level filtering criterions in event identification. The quantitative and linear discrimination function makes it possible to identify events automatically and achieve the goal to react the events quickly and effectively.
Mryglod, I M; Omelyan, I P; Folk, R
2001-04-02
The magnetic phase transition in a Heisenberg fluid is studied by means of the finite size scaling technique. We find that even for larger systems, considered in an ensemble with fixed density, the critical exponents show deviations from the expected lattice values similar to those obtained previously. This puzzle is clarified by proving the importance of the leading correction to the scaling that appears due to Fisher renormalization with the critical exponent equal to the absolute value of the specific heat exponent alpha. The appearance of such new corretions to scaling is a general feature of systems with constraints.
An expert system based on Fisher score and LS-SVM for cardiac arrhythmia diagnosis.
Yılmaz, Ersen
2013-01-01
An expert system having two stages is proposed for cardiac arrhythmia diagnosis. In the first stage, Fisher score is used for feature selection to reduce the feature space dimension of a data set. The second stage is classification stage in which least squares support vector machines classifier is performed by using the feature subset selected in the first stage to diagnose cardiac arrhythmia. Performance of the proposed expert system is evaluated by using an arrhythmia data set which is taken from UCI machine learning repository.
Unitarity violation at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point in 4-epsilon dimensions
Hogervorst, Matthijs; van Rees, Balt C
2016-01-01
We consider the continuation of free and interacting scalar field theory to non-integer spacetime dimension d. We find that the correlation functions in these theories are necessarily incompatible with unitarity (or with reflection positivity in Euclidean signature). In particular, the theories contain negative norm states unless d is a positive integer. These negative norm states can be obtained via the OPE from simple positive norm operators, and are therefore an integral part of the theory. At the Wilson-Fisher fixed point the non-unitarity leads to the existence of complex anomalous dimensions. We demonstrate that they appear already at leading order in the epsilon expansion.
An Exactly Solvable Travelling Wave Equation in the Fisher-KPP Class
Brunet, Éric; Derrida, Bernard
2015-11-01
For a simple one dimensional lattice version of a travelling wave equation, we obtain an exact relation between the initial condition and the position of the front at any later time. This exact relation takes the form of an inverse problem: given the times t_n at which the travelling wave reaches the positions n, one can deduce the initial profile. We show, by means of complex analysis, that a number of known properties of travelling wave equations in the Fisher-KPP class can be recovered, in particular Bramson's shifts of the positions. We also recover and generalize Ebert-van Saarloos' corrections depending on the initial condition.
Multivariate acoustic detection of small explosions using Fisher's combined probability test.
Arrowsmith, Stephen J; Taylor, Steven R
2013-03-01
A methodology for the combined acoustic detection and discrimination of explosions, which uses three discriminants, is developed for the purpose of identifying weak explosion signals embedded in complex background noise. By utilizing physical models for simple explosions that are formulated as statistical hypothesis tests, the detection/discrimination approach does not require a model for the background noise, which can be highly complex and variable in practice. Fisher's Combined Probability Test is used to combine the p-values from all multivariate discriminants. This framework is applied to acoustic data from a 400 g explosion conducted at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
1981-06-01
north study excursion rate due to long- station boundary rate shore processesl (kin) (m/yr) (m/yr) CB1 2 20.64 9.0 9.1 CB2 20.94 15.0 15.1 CHIO 21.70...MHW, MLW, and MSL contours (1970 beach fill) ............ 52 27 Distance from the base line to stated contours .t CB2 ........... 55 28 Distance from...stations), KB for Kure Beach (20 stations), and FE for Fort Fisher Beach (21 stations). Station CB2 would therefore represent the second I station from
A numerical approach for solving an extended Fisher-Kolomogrov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation
Khuri, S. A.; Sayfy, A.
2010-02-01
In the present paper a numerical method, based on finite differences and spline collocation, is presented for the numerical solution of a generalized Fisher integro-differential equation. A composite weighted trapezoidal rule is manipulated to handle the numerical integrations which results in a closed-form difference scheme. A number of test examples are solved to assess the accuracy of the method. The numerical solutions obtained, indicate that the approach is reliable and yields results compatible with the exact solutions and consistent with other existing numerical methods. Convergence and stability of the scheme have also been discussed.
Prozorov, A. A.; Trifonov, A. Yu.; Shapovalov, A. V.
2015-07-01
Asymptotic solutions of the nonlocal, one-dimensional Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovskii-Piskunov equation with fractional derivatives in the diffusion operator are constructed. The fractional derivative is defined in accordance with the approaches of Weyl, Grünwald-Letnilkov, and Liouville. Asymptotic solutions are constructed in a class of functions that are a perturbation of the found exact quasistationary solution and tend at large times to this quasistationary solution. It is shown that the presence of fractional derivatives leads to drift of the center of mass of the initial distribution and breaks its symmetry.
Fisher Information and the Quantum Cramér-Rao Sensitivity Limit of Continuous Measurements
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gammelmark, Søren; Mølmer, Klaus
2014-01-01
Precision measurements with quantum systems rely on our ability to trace the differences between experimental signals to variations in unknown physical parameters. In this Letter we derive the Fisher information and the ensuing Cramér-Rao sensitivity limit for parameter estimation by continuous...... measurements on an open quantum system. We illustrate our theory by its application to resonance fluorescence from a laser-driven two-state atom; we show that photon counting and homodyne detection records yield different sensitivity to the atomic parameters, while none of them exceed our general result....
Fisher-information condition for enhanced signal detection via stochastic resonance.
Duan, Fabing; Chapeau-Blondeau, François; Abbott, Derek
2011-11-01
Various situations where a signal is enhanced by noise through stochastic resonance are now known. This paper contributes to determining general conditions under which improvement by noise can be a priori decided as feasible or not. We focus on the detection of a known signal in additive white noise. Under the assumptions of a weak signal and a sufficiently large sample size, it is proved, with an inequality based on the Fisher information, that improvement by adding noise is never possible, generically, in these conditions. However, under less restrictive conditions, an example of signal detection is shown with favorable action of adding noise.
Encefalitis de Bickerstaff, síndrome o espectro de Fisher Bickerstaff, reporte de dos casos
2011-01-01
La encefalitis de Bickerstaff es una entidad infrecuente de origen posinfeccioso, de presentación grave y con un curso clínico generalmente benigno, cuya diferenciación con el síndrome de Fisher aún no es clara y su asociación con el síndrome de Guillain - Barré está ya establecida. Presentamos dos casos atendidos en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio. Bickerstaff encephalitis is a rare post-infectious origin disease, with an acute severe presentation form, but generally with a benign c...
An investigation into spoken audio topic identification using the Fisher Corpus
CSIR Research Space (South Africa)
Kleynhans, N
2014-11-01
Full Text Available . The gender split audio and text data were used to train gender-dependent acoustic models, however, when training TABLE I. TRAINING, DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION SET PARTITIONS OF THE ENGLISH FISHER CORPUS. Data Set Male Female # Call Sides # Utterances # Call... was corpus-wide mean and variance normalisation. The acoustic models (AM) were developed in an iterative training scheme. Firstly, 32-mixture context-independent (CI) AMs were trained and used to produce state aligns for the CI AMs trained in the initial...
On-line Batch Process Monitoring and Diagnosing Based on Fisher Discriminant Analysis
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Xu; SHAO Hui-he
2006-01-01
A new on-line batch process monitoring and diagnosing approach based on Fisher discriminant analysis (FDA) was proposed. This method does not need to predict the future observations of variables, so it is more sensitive to fault detection and stronger implement for monitoring. In order to improve the monitoring performance,the variables trajectories of batch process are separated into several blocks. The key to the proposed approach for on-line monitoring is to calculate the distance of block data that project to low-dimension Fisher space between new batch and reference batch. Comparing the distance with the predefine threshold, it can be considered whether the batch process is normal or abnormal. Fault diagnosis is performed based on the weights in fault direction calculated by FDA. The proposed method was applied to the simulation model of fed-batch penicillin fermentation and the results were compared with those obtained using MPCA. The simulation results clearly show that the on-line monitoring method based on FDA is more efficient than the MPCA.
Legendre transform structure and extremal properties of the relative Fisher information
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Venkatesan, R.C., E-mail: ravi@systemsresearchcorp.com [Systems Research Corporation, Aundh, Pune 411007 (India); Plastino, A., E-mail: plastino@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [IFLP, National University La Plata and National Research Council (CONICET) C.C., 727 1900 La Plata (Argentina)
2014-04-01
Variational extremization of the relative Fisher information (RFI, hereafter) is performed. Reciprocity relations, akin to those of thermodynamics are derived, employing the extremal results of the RFI expressed in terms of probability amplitudes. A time independent Schrödinger-like equation (Schrödinger-like link) for the RFI is derived. The concomitant Legendre transform structure (LTS, hereafter) is developed by utilizing a generalized RFI-Euler theorem, which shows that the entire mathematical structure of thermodynamics translates into the RFI framework, both for equilibrium and non-equilibrium cases. The qualitatively distinct nature of the present results vis-á-vis those of prior studies utilizing the Shannon entropy and/or the Fisher information measure (FIM, hereafter) is discussed. A principled relationship between the RFI and the FIM frameworks is derived. The utility of this relationship is demonstrated by an example wherein the energy eigenvalues of the Schrödinger-like link for the RFI are inferred solely using the quantum mechanical virial theorem and the LTS of the RFI.
Fisher's linear discriminant ratio based threshold for moving human detection in thermal video
Sharma, Lavanya; Yadav, Dileep Kumar; Singh, Annapurna
2016-09-01
In video surveillance, the moving human detection in thermal video is a critical phase that filters out redundant information to extract relevant information. The moving object detection is applied on thermal video because it penetrate challenging problems such as dynamic issues of background and illumination variation. In this work, we have proposed a new background subtraction method using Fisher's linear discriminant ratio based threshold. This threshold is investigated automatically during run-time for each pixel of every sequential frame. Automatically means to avoid the involvement of external source such as programmer or user for threshold selection. This threshold provides better pixel classification at run-time. This method handles problems generated due to multiple behavior of background more accurately using Fisher's ratio. It maximizes the separation between object pixel and the background pixel. To check the efficacy, the performance of this work is observed in terms of various parameters depicted in analysis. The experimental results and their analysis demonstrated better performance of proposed method against considered peer methods.
Huang, Chun Yu; Ma, Wenchao; Wang, Dong; Ye, Liu
2017-02-01
In this work, the quantum fisher information (QFI) and Bell non-locality of a multipartite fermionic system are investigated. Unlike the currently existing research of QFI, we focus our attention on the differences between quantum fisher information and Bell non-locality under the relativistic framework. The results show that although the relativistic motion affects the strength of the non-locality, it does not change the physical structure of non-locality. However, unlike the case of non-locality, the relativistic motion not only influence the precision of the QFI Fϕ but also broke the symmetry of the function Fϕ. The results also show that for a special multipartite system, , the number of particles of a initial state do not affect the Fθ. Furthermore, we also find that Fθ is completely unaffected in non-inertial frame if there are inertial observers. Finally, in view of the decay behavior of QFI and non-locality under the non-inertial frame, we proposed a effective scheme to battle against Unruh effect.
Dawson, Donald A
2010-01-01
We study two types of stochastic processes, a mean-field spatial system of interacting Fisher-Wright diffusions with an inferior and an advantageous type with rare mutation (inferior to advantageous) and a (mean-field) spatial system of supercritical branching random walks with an additional deathrate which is quadratic in the local number of particles. The former describes a standard two-type population under selection, mutation, the latter models describe a population under scarce resources causing additional death at high local population intensity. Geographic space is modelled by $\\{1, \\cdots, N\\}$. The first process starts in an initial state with only the inferior type present or an exchangeable configuration and the second one with a single initial particle. {This material is a special case of the theory developed in \\cite{DGsel}.} We study the behaviour in two time windows, first between time 0 and $T$ and secondly after a large time when in the Fisher-Wright model the rare mutants succeed respectivel...
Age-dating the Tully-Fisher relation at moderate redshift
Ferreras, Ignacio; Ziegler, Bodo; Silk, Joseph
2013-01-01
We analyse the Tully-Fisher relation at moderate redshift from the point of view of the underlying stellar populations, by comparing optical and NIR photometry with a phenomenological model that combines population synthesis with a simple prescription for chemical enrichment. The sample comprises 108 late-type galaxies extracted from the FORS Deep Field (FDF) and William Herschel Deep Field (WHDF) surveys at z<1 (median redshift z=0.45). A strong correlation is found between stellar mass and the parameters that describe the star formation history, with massive galaxies forming their populations early (zFOR~3), with star formation timescales, tau1~4 Gyr; although with very efficient chemical enrichment timescales (tau2~1 Gyr). In contrast, the stellar-to-dynamical mass ratio which, in principle, would track the efficiency of feedback in the baryonic processes driving galaxy formation - does not correlate strongly with the model parameters. On the Tully-Fisher plane, no significant age segregation is found a...
Bailoni, Alberto; Amendola, Luca
2016-01-01
The Fisher matrix is a widely used tool to forecast the performance of future experiments and approximate the likelihood of large data sets. Most of the forecasts for cosmological parameters in galaxy clustering studies rely on the Fisher matrix approach for large-scale experiments like DES, Euclid, or SKA. Here we improve upon the standard method by taking into account three effects: the finite window function, the correlation between redshift bins, and the uncertainty on the bin redshift. The first two effects are negligible only in the limit of infinite surveys. The third effect, on the contrary, is negligible for infinitely small bins. Here we show how to take into account these effects and what the impact on forecasts of a Euclid-type experiment will be. The main result of this article is that the windowing and the bin cross-correlation induce a considerable change in the forecasted errors, of the order of 10-30% for most cosmological parameters, while the redshift bin uncertainty can be neglected for bi...
The central bank issuing policy and Fisher´s equation of exchange
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Richard Pospíšil
2013-05-01
Full Text Available The issue of money and establishing interest rates are the main activities of central banks. Through this, the banks immediately influence the behaviour of households, companies, financial markets and the state with the impact on real outcome, employment and prices. When monitoring the issue of money, it is necessary to focus not only on its volume, but also on the attributes and functions carried by money. Among the first economists who considered the quality monetary aspect were J. Locke, D. Hume, D. Ricardo and others. The founders of modern monetarism of the 20th century were I. Fisher and M. Friedman. Fisher was the first to define the equation of monetary equilibrium in the present-day form. The objective of the paper is to point out different approaches to the equation and its modifications and different meanings of its variables. As regards the monetary aggregate M – Money – the paper also deals with the denomination of the aggregate to its various elements, which is significant for fulfilling monetary policy targets. This approach is very important especially at present in the time of crisis when central banks are performing their policy considering contradictory targets of price stability and economic growth.
Smith, David C.; Kornelson, Keri A.
2013-09-01
This research addresses the document vs. non-document image classification problem. The ability to select images containing text from an OCR processing stream that also includes images of scenes, people, faces, etc., will eliminate unnecessary computation and free up valuable computer resources for other tasks. This is particularly true for high volume OCR systems. Fisher vectors represent images as gradients of a global generative Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) of low level image descriptors, and exhibit state-of-the-art performance for object categorization. Gaussian supervectors represent images by soft clustering low level image descriptors according to posterior GMM mixture probabilities, optionally using MAP adaptation, and have demonstrated state-of-the-art performance for scene categorization. We compare results obtained by applying linear SVMs to Fisher vector and Gaussian supervector representations to categorize images as having only text, no text, or a mixture of text and non-text. We also report the performance of GMM-based soft versions of vectors of locally aggregated descriptors (VLAD) and Bag of Visual words (BOV).
Hand, David J
2015-04-13
The nature of statistics has changed over time. It was originally concerned with descriptive 'matters of state'--with summarizing population numbers, economic strength and social conditions. But during the course of the twentieth century its aim broadened to include inference--how to use data to shed light on underlying mechanisms, about what might happen in the future, about what would happen if certain actions were taken. Central to this development was Ronald Fisher. Over the course of his life he was responsible for many of the major conceptual advances in statistics. This is particularly illustrated by his 1922 paper, in which he introduced many of the concepts which remain fundamental to our understanding of how to extract meaning from data, right to the present day. It is no exaggeration to say that Fisher's work, as illustrated by the ideas he described and developed in this paper, underlies all modern science, and much more besides. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.
Blanquart, François; Bataillon, Thomas
2016-06-01
The fitness landscape defines the relationship between genotypes and fitness in a given environment and underlies fundamental quantities such as the distribution of selection coefficient and the magnitude and type of epistasis. A better understanding of variation in landscape structure across species and environments is thus necessary to understand and predict how populations will adapt. An increasing number of experiments investigate the properties of fitness landscapes by identifying mutations, constructing genotypes with combinations of these mutations, and measuring the fitness of these genotypes. Yet these empirical landscapes represent a very small sample of the vast space of all possible genotypes, and this sample is often biased by the protocol used to identify mutations. Here we develop a rigorous statistical framework based on Approximate Bayesian Computation to address these concerns and use this flexible framework to fit a broad class of phenotypic fitness models (including Fisher's model) to 26 empirical landscapes representing nine diverse biological systems. Despite uncertainty owing to the small size of most published empirical landscapes, the inferred landscapes have similar structure in similar biological systems. Surprisingly, goodness-of-fit tests reveal that this class of phenotypic models, which has been successful so far in interpreting experimental data, is a plausible in only three of nine biological systems. More precisely, although Fisher's model was able to explain several statistical properties of the landscapes-including the mean and SD of selection and epistasis coefficients-it was often unable to explain the full structure of fitness landscapes.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rodrigo Pinto Brito
2015-04-01
Full Text Available Este artigo é a introdução ao projeto de tradução e interpretação do tratado cabalístico Puerta del Cielo, do pensador Sefardita Abraham Cohen de Herrera (1564-1635/1639. Assim, apresentamos a vida, a genealogia e a obra do filósofo, enfatizando seu turbulento contexto histórico e suas possíveis influências, bem como a repercussão da Puerta del Cielo.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mourad W Gabriel
Full Text Available Wildlife populations of conservation concern are limited in distribution, population size and persistence by various factors, including mortality. The fisher (Pekania pennanti, a North American mid-sized carnivore whose range in the western Pacific United States has retracted considerably in the past century, was proposed for threatened status protection in late 2014 under the United States Endangered Species Act by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service in its West Coast Distinct Population Segment. We investigated mortality in 167 fishers from two genetically and geographically distinct sub-populations in California within this West Coast Distinct Population Segment using a combination of gross necropsy, histology, toxicology and molecular methods. Overall, predation (70%, natural disease (16%, toxicant poisoning (10% and, less commonly, vehicular strike (2% and other anthropogenic causes (2% were causes of mortality observed. We documented both an increase in mortality to (57% increase and exposure (6% from pesticides in fishers in just the past three years, highlighting further that toxicants from marijuana cultivation still pose a threat. Additionally, exposure to multiple rodenticides significantly increased the likelihood of mortality from rodenticide poisoning. Poisoning was significantly more common in male than female fishers and was 7 times more likely than disease to kill males. Based on necropsy findings, suspected causes of mortality based on field evidence alone tended to underestimate the frequency of disease-related mortalities. This study is the first comprehensive investigation of mortality causes of fishers and provides essential information to assist in the conservation of this species.
Gabriel, Mourad W; Woods, Leslie W; Wengert, Greta M; Stephenson, Nicole; Higley, J Mark; Thompson, Craig; Matthews, Sean M; Sweitzer, Rick A; Purcell, Kathryn; Barrett, Reginald H; Keller, Stefan M; Gaffney, Patricia; Jones, Megan; Poppenga, Robert; Foley, Janet E; Brown, Richard N; Clifford, Deana L; Sacks, Benjamin N
2015-01-01
Wildlife populations of conservation concern are limited in distribution, population size and persistence by various factors, including mortality. The fisher (Pekania pennanti), a North American mid-sized carnivore whose range in the western Pacific United States has retracted considerably in the past century, was proposed for threatened status protection in late 2014 under the United States Endangered Species Act by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service in its West Coast Distinct Population Segment. We investigated mortality in 167 fishers from two genetically and geographically distinct sub-populations in California within this West Coast Distinct Population Segment using a combination of gross necropsy, histology, toxicology and molecular methods. Overall, predation (70%), natural disease (16%), toxicant poisoning (10%) and, less commonly, vehicular strike (2%) and other anthropogenic causes (2%) were causes of mortality observed. We documented both an increase in mortality to (57% increase) and exposure (6%) from pesticides in fishers in just the past three years, highlighting further that toxicants from marijuana cultivation still pose a threat. Additionally, exposure to multiple rodenticides significantly increased the likelihood of mortality from rodenticide poisoning. Poisoning was significantly more common in male than female fishers and was 7 times more likely than disease to kill males. Based on necropsy findings, suspected causes of mortality based on field evidence alone tended to underestimate the frequency of disease-related mortalities. This study is the first comprehensive investigation of mortality causes of fishers and provides essential information to assist in the conservation of this species.
Vallisneri, Michele
2008-02-01
The Fisher-matrix formalism is used routinely in the literature on gravitational-wave detection to characterize the parameter-estimation performance of gravitational-wave measurements, given parametrized models of the waveforms, and assuming detector noise of known colored Gaussian distribution. Unfortunately, the Fisher matrix can be a poor predictor of the amount of information obtained from typical observations, especially for waveforms with several parameters and relatively low expected signal-to-noise ratios (SNR), or for waveforms depending weakly on one or more parameters, when their priors are not taken into proper consideration. In this paper I discuss these pitfalls; show how they occur, even for relatively strong signals, with a commonly used template family for binary-inspiral waveforms; and describe practical recipes to recognize them and cope with them. Specifically, I answer the following questions: (i) What is the significance of (quasi-)singular Fisher matrices, and how must we deal with them? (ii) When is it necessary to take into account prior probability distributions for the source parameters? (iii) When is the signal-to-noise ratio high enough to believe the Fisher-matrix result? In addition, I provide general expressions for the higher-order, beyond-Fisher-matrix terms in the 1/SNR expansions for the expected parameter accuracies.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Maekinen, Johanna E-mail: johanna.makinen@utu.fi; Marttila, Harri; Viljanen, Matti K
2001-07-01
Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato genospecies were differentiated by PCR-based sequencing of the borrelial flagellin gene. To evaluate the usefulness of KingFisher{sup TM} magnetic particle processor in PCR product purification, borrelia PCR products were purified with KingFisher{sup TM} magnetic particle processor prior to cycle sequencing and the quality of the sequence data received was analyzed. KingFisher was found to offer a rapid and reliable alternative for borrelial PCR product purification.
Marshall, Nadine A; Marshall, Paul A; Abdulla, Ameer; Rouphael, Tony
2010-06-01
The imperative to further constrain extractive uses of natural resources will strengthen as resources degrade through over-use or exposure to climate changes. Here, we explore an approach to increase the support for marine conservation among coral reef fishers. We explore the proposition that resource dependency in the Egyptian Red Sea can act as a barrier to conservation. We administered face-to-face surveys to 49% of the fishing industry to: (i) identify the level of compliance to the local marine protected area (MPA), (ii) assess the level of dependency on marine resources in the region and (iii) examine the relationship between resource dependency and conservation attitudes. Only 11.4% of fishers were aware of the MPA. Fishers were mostly limited in their social flexibility and livelihood options. Results suggest that resource dependency is highly and negatively correlated with conservation attitudes suggesting that management efforts need to seriously focus on reducing dependency if conservation goals are to be met.
Vallisneri, M
2007-01-01
The Fisher-matrix formalism is used routinely in the literature on gravitational-wave detection to characterize the parameter-estimation performance of gravitational-wave measurements, given parametrized models of the waveforms, and assuming detector noise of known colored Gaussian distribution. Unfortunately, the Fisher matrix can be a poor predictor of the amount of information obtained from typical observations, especially for waveforms with several parameters and relatively low expected signal-to-noise ratios (SNR), or for waveforms depending weakly on one or more parameters, when their priors are not taken into proper consideration. In this paper I discuss these pitfalls; show how they occur, even for relatively strong signals, with a commonly used template family for binary-inspiral waveforms; and describe practical recipes to recognize them and cope with them. Specifically, I answer the following questions: (i) What is the significance of (quasi-)singular Fisher matrices, and how must we deal with them...
Abraham Lincoln and His Famous "The Gettysburg Address"%林肯和他的《葛底斯堡演讲》
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐艳萍
2012-01-01
亚伯拉罕·林肯，这位举世闻名的美国平民总统为世人所熟知的是他废除了惨无人道的奴隶制度，消除了美国资本主义发展的桎梏；他领导美国人民经历了艰苦卓绝的内战，维护了国家的统一。但是世人还应该知道他著名的只有10句话、271个词仅持续了不到3分钟的《葛底斯堡演讲》及其背景和影响。这一演讲被认为是英语演讲中的最高典范，这篇文稿的遣词和民主思想还极大地影响了法国宪法和孙中山的三民主义的思想主张以及马丁·路德·金的《我有一个梦想》。%country th abolishing Union tog Abraham Lincoln, through the most de the famous self vastatmg experl ry to eliminate However, he -made American President' is ence in its national history -- the barrier to the trem should also be known endous growth for his highly of the known for his guiding the Civil War, by capitalism and ke means epmg influential "The Gettysburg the Ad- dress" presented in the critical historical background which summarized the war in 10 sentences and 271 words. "The Gettysburg Address" is one of the best-known speeches in the English world which is frequently referred to in works of popular culture. Its word choice and its democratic thought had great influence on the Constitution of France and Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles of the People, and e- ven Martin Luther King, Jr's speech "I Have a Dream" owes much to it.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jody M Tucker
Full Text Available Establishing if species contractions were the result of natural phenomena or human induced landscape changes is essential for managing natural populations. Fishers (Martes pennanti in California occur in two geographically and genetically isolated populations in the northwestern mountains and southern Sierra Nevada. Their isolation is hypothesized to have resulted from a decline in abundance and distribution associated with European settlement in the 1800s. However, there is little evidence to establish that fisher occupied the area between the two extant populations at that time. We analyzed 10 microsatellite loci from 275 contemporary and 21 historical fisher samples (1880-1920 to evaluate the demographic history of fisher in California. We did not find any evidence of a recent (post-European bottleneck in the northwestern population. In the southern Sierra Nevada, genetic subdivision within the population strongly influenced bottleneck tests. After accounting for genetic subdivision, we found a bottleneck signal only in the northern and central portions of the southern Sierra Nevada, indicating that the southernmost tip of these mountains may have acted as a refugium for fisher during the anthropogenic changes of the late 19(th and early 20(th centuries. Using a coalescent-based Bayesian analysis, we detected a 90% decline in effective population size and dated the time of decline to over a thousand years ago. We hypothesize that fisher distribution in California contracted to the two current population areas pre-European settlement, and that portions of the southern Sierra Nevada subsequently experienced another more recent bottleneck post-European settlement.
中国石化与Thermo Fisher Scientific在实验室领域进行合作
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
中国上海（2007年3月26日）Thermo Fisher Seientiffc，世界科学服务领域的领导者日前宣布：中国石化在全中国实验室实施应用Thermo Fisher Scientitle实验室集成技术部的Sample Manager LIMS？、Atlas CDS和GRAMS实验室信息管理系统以追踪、存储、管理和报告石油石化数据。
中国石化与Thermo Fisher Scientific在实验室领域进行合作
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
Thermo Fisher Scientific，世界科学服务领域的领导者日前宣布：中国石化在全中国实验室实施应用Thermo Fisher Scientific实验室集成技术部的Sample Manager LIMS”、Atlas CDS和GRAMS实验室信息管理系统以追踪、存储、管理和报告石油石化数据。
中国石化与Thermo Fisher Scientific在实验室领域合作
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
全球科学仪器行业最大的供应商Thermo Fisher Scientific日前宣布：中国石化在其全部实验室实施应用Thermo Fisher Scientific实验室集成技术部的SampleManager LIMSTM、Atlas CDS和GRAMS实验室信息管理系统以追踪、存储、管理和报告石油石化数据。
中国石化与Thermo Fisher Scientific在实验室领域进行合作
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
中国上海（2007年3月26日）-Thermo Fisher Scientific，世界科学服务领域的领导者目前宣布中国石化在全中国实验室实施应用Thermo Fisher Scientific实验室集成技术部的Sample Manager LIMSTM、Atlas CDS和GRAMS实验室信息管理系统以追踪、存储、管理和报告石油石化数据。
Herrera-Díaz, Ana-Catalina; Salgado Cardozo, Juan Pablo
2013-01-01
Objetivo: Determinar si los grados altos en la escala de Fisher son útiles como factores pronósticos en el desarrollo de hidrocefalia en pacientes colombianos con diagnóstico de hemorragia subaracnoidea (HSA) espontánea vistos en el Hospital Universitario Clínica San Rafael (HUCSR) desde Enero de 2005 a Abril de 2012 con seguimiento a 12 meses. Métodos: 251 pacientes fueron incluidos en una cohorte restrospectiva. La asociación entre la escala de Fisher y el desarrollo de hidrocefalia en paci...
Marine protected areas in Costa Rica: How do artisanal fishers respond?
Madrigal-Ballestero, Róger; Albers, Heidi J; Capitán, Tabaré; Salas, Ariana
2017-05-11
Costa Rica is considering expanding their marine protected areas (MPAs) to conserve marine resources. Due to the importance of households' responses to an MPA in defining the MPA's ecological and economic outcomes, this paper uses an economic decision framework to interpret data from near-MPA household surveys to inform this policy discussion. The model and data suggest that the impact of expanding MPAs relies on levels of enforcement and on-shore wages. If larger near-shore MPAs can produce high wages through increased tourism, MPA expansions could provide ecological benefits with low burdens to communities. Due to distance costs and gear investments, however, MPAs farther off-shore may place high burdens on off-shore fishers.
Edward, Jimenez; Marco, Cortez; Jimenez, Esteban; Ayala, Carlos E; Gustavo, Lopez; Ullrich, Stahl
2016-01-01
In this work we show that the dynamics of chemical reactions of order zero, one and two have a representation through logistics probability. This probability is robust, stable and complies systemically with the differential equation of Fisher Kolmogorov (F K). It is robust, because in theorem 1 and theorem 3 differential equations of diffusion and heat transfer are obtained, where the temperature plays a key role. Also, the Eikonal equation of wave mechanics allows us to construct the heat equation. In Lemma 2, Fick diffusion equation is demonstrated. It is stable, because probability convergence when t converge infinitum, gives us new ways to analyze the kinetics of a reaction integrally, in Corollary 5. Finally, the theoretically and experimentally obtained algorithms and results support the convergence in probability of the quantum tunnel effect and chemical reactions for: hydrogen production at ultra low temperature and catalytic cracking of asphalt at high temperature.
The baryonic Tully-Fisher Relation predicted by cold dark matter cosmogony
Desmond, Harry
2012-01-01
The baryonic Tully-Fisher Relation (TFR) is a tight relationship observed between baryonic mass and rotational velocity in spiral galaxies. Providing a theoretical basis for the TFR in the Cold Dark Matter (CDM) paradigm has proved problematic: simple calculations suggest too low a slope and too high a scatter. This paper aims to develop a rigorous prediction for the relation in the context of CDM by accounting for all relevant TFR-independent effects observed in numerical simulations of dark matter haloes, including their expected scatter. It is demonstrated that consistent treatment of these effects goes a large way towards reconciling the CDM prediction with the data; the normalisation becomes almost perfect, athough the slope remains somewhat too low. The predicted scatter is indeed too large, but may be reduced to near that of the data by accouting for observational selection effects.
Separation of Primary Alcohols and Saturated Alkanes from Fisher-Tropsch Synthesis Products
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Suqiao Li; Zhongli Tang⁎; Fujun Zhou; Wenbin Li; Xigang Yuan
2014-01-01
abstract A method for separating primary alcohols and saturated alkanes from the products of Fisher-Tropsch synthesis is developed. The separation scheme consists of three steps:(1) the raw material is pre-separated by fractional distillation into four fractions according to normal boiling points;(2) appropriate extractants are selected to sep-arate the primary alcohols from the saturated alkanes in each fraction;(3) the extractants are recovered by azeotropic distillation and the primary alcohols in the extract phase are purified. Based on the proposed method, the total recovery rates of the primary alcohols and the saturated alkanes are 86.23%and 84.62%respectively. © 2014 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press. Al rights reserved.
Drábek, Pavel; Takáč, Peter
2017-02-14
We consider a one-dimensional population genetics model for the advance of an advantageous gene. The model is described by the semilinear Fisher equation with unbalanced bistable non-Lipschitzian nonlinearity f(u). The "nonsmoothness" of f allows for the appearance of travelling waves with a new, more realistic profile. We study existence, uniqueness, and long-time asymptotic behavior of the solutions u(x, t), [Formula: see text]. We prove also the existence and uniqueness (up to a spatial shift) of a travelling wave U. Our main result is the uniform convergence (for [Formula: see text]) of every solution u(x, t) of the Cauchy problem to a single travelling wave [Formula: see text] as [Formula: see text]. The speed c and the travelling wave U are determined uniquely by f, whereas the shift [Formula: see text] is determined by the initial data.
Miller-Fisher Syndrome: Are Anti-GAD Antibodies Implicated in Its Pathophysiology?
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Ioannis E. Dagklis
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS is considered as a variant of the Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS and its characteristic clinical features are ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia. Typically, it is associated with anti-GQ1b antibodies; however, a significant percentage (>10% of these patients are seronegative. Here, we report a 67-year-old female patient who presented with the typical clinical features of MFS. Workup revealed antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD in relatively high titers while GQ1b antibodies were negative. Neurological improvement was observed after intravenous gamma globulin and follow-up examinations showed a continuous clinical amelioration with simultaneous decline of anti-GAD levels which finally returned to normal values. This case indicates that anti-GAD antibodies may be associated with a broader clinical spectrum and future studies in GQ1b-seronegative patients could determine ultimately their clinical and pathogenetic significance in this syndrome.
The I-Band Tully-Fisher Relation for Cluster Galaxies Data Presentation
Giovanelli, R; Herter, T L; Vogt, N P; Da Costa, L N; Freudling, W; Salzer, J J; Wegner, G
1996-01-01
Observational parameters which can be used for redshift-independent distance determination using the Tully-Fisher (TF) technique are given for 782 spiral galaxies in the fields of 24 clusters or groups. I band photometry for the full sample was either obtained by us or compiled from published literature. Rotational velocities are derived either from 21 cm spectra or optical emission line long--slit spectra, and converted to a homogeneous scale. In addition to presenting the data, a discussion of the various sources of error on TF parameters is introduced, and the criteria for the assignment of membership to each cluster are given. The construction of a TF template, bias corrections and cluster motions are discussed in an accompanying paper.
Infinite von Mises-Fisher Mixture Modeling of Whole Brain fMRI Data
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Røge, Rasmus; Madsen, Kristoffer Hougaard; Schmidt, Mikkel Nørgaard
2017-01-01
spherical manifold are rarely analyzed, in part due to the computational challenges imposed by directional statistics. In this letter, we discuss a Bayesian von Mises-Fisher (vMF) mixture model for data on the unit hypersphere and present an efficient inference procedure based on collapsed Markov chain...... Monte Carlo sampling. Comparing the vMF and gaussian mixture models on synthetic data, we demonstrate that the vMF model has a slight advantage inferring the true underlying clustering when compared to gaussian-based models on data generated from both a mixture of vMFs and a mixture of gaussians......Cluster analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data is often performed using gaussian mixture models, but when the time series are standardized such that the data reside on a hypersphere, this modeling assumption is questionable. The consequences of ignoring the underlying...
Information geometry and population genetics the mathematical structure of the Wright-Fisher model
Hofrichter, Julian; Tran, Tat Dat
2017-01-01
The present monograph develops a versatile and profound mathematical perspective of the Wright--Fisher model of population genetics. This well-known and intensively studied model carries a rich and beautiful mathematical structure, which is uncovered here in a systematic manner. In addition to approaches by means of analysis, combinatorics and PDE, a geometric perspective is brought in through Amari's and Chentsov's information geometry. This concept allows us to calculate many quantities of interest systematically; likewise, the employed global perspective elucidates the stratification of the model in an unprecedented manner. Furthermore, the links to statistical mechanics and large deviation theory are explored and developed into powerful tools. Altogether, the manuscript provides a solid and broad working basis for graduate students and researchers interested in this field.
Durant, Szonya; Clifford, Colin W G; Crowder, Nathan A; Price, Nicholas S C; Ibbotson, Michael R
2007-06-01
When cat V1/V2 cells are adapted to contrast at their optimal orientation, a reduction in gain and/or a shift in the contrast response function is found. We investigated how these factors combine at the population level to affect the accuracy for detecting variations in contrast. Using the contrast response function parameters from a physiologically measured population, we model the population accuracy (using Fisher information) for contrast discrimination. Adaptation at 16%, 32%, and 100% contrast causes a shift in peak accuracy. Despite an overall drop in firing rate over the whole population, accuracy is enhanced around the adapted contrast and at higher contrasts, leading to greater efficiency of contrast coding at these levels. The estimated contrast discrimination threshold curve becomes elevated and shifted toward higher contrasts after adaptation, as has been found previously in human psychophysical experiments.
Shao, Zhenfeng; Zhang, Lei
2014-09-01
This paper presents a novel sparse dimensionality reduction method of hyperspectral image based on semi-supervised local Fisher discriminant analysis (SELF). The proposed method is designed to be especially effective for dealing with the out-of-sample extrapolation to realize advantageous complementarities between SELF and sparsity preserving projections (SPP). Compared to SELF and SPP, the method proposed herein offers highly discriminative ability and produces an explicit nonlinear feature mapping for the out-of-sample extrapolation. This is due to the fact that the proposed method can get an explicit feature mapping for dimensionality reduction and improve the classification performance of classifiers by performing dimensionality reduction. Experimental analysis on the sparsity and efficacy of low dimensional outputs shows that, sparse dimensionality reduction based on SELF can yield good classification results and interpretability in the field of hyperspectral remote sensing.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Xinyi; YAN Xuefeng
2013-01-01
Fault diagnosis and monitoring are very important for complex chemical process.There are numerous methods that have been studied in this field,in which the effective visualization method is still challenging.In order to get a better visualization effect,a novel fault diagnosis method which combines self-organizing map (SOM) with Fisher discriminant analysis (FDA) is proposed.FDA can reduce the dimension of the data in terms of maximizing the separability of the classes.After feature extraction by FDA,SOM can distinguish the different states on the output map clearly and it can also be employed to monitor abnormal states.Tennessee Eastman (TE) process is employed to illustrate the fault diagnosis and monitoring performance of the proposed method.The result shows that the SOM integrated with FDA method is efficient and capable for real-time monitoring and fault diagnosis in complex chemical process.
A 3He counter version of the Thermo Fisher Scientific NRD neutron rem meter.
Olsher, Richard H; Seagraves, David T
2008-01-01
Thermo Fisher Scientific's NRD rem meter has been in production for almost 40 y and is the primary rem meter in use at many U.S. Department of Energy facilities. An upgrade project was initiated at the Los Alamos National Laboratory with the primary goal of increasing the NRD's neutron sensitivity through the substitution of pressurized 3He gas (4 atmospheres) for the stock counter tube's BF3 fill gas. Historically, BF3 counters were far less expensive relative to 3He and were usually chosen on the basis of cost. That is no longer the case, with pricing for both types of counters being similar. Test results have shown that the 3He counter version of the NRD exhibits stable operation at a reasonable bias voltage and good gamma rejection. Sensitivity has been increased by about a factor of four with no penalty in cost.
Discriminative variable selection for clustering with the sparse Fisher-EM algorithm
Bouveyron, Charles
2012-01-01
The interest in variable selection for clustering has increased recently due to the growing need in clustering high-dimensional data. Variable selection allows in particular to ease both the clustering and the interpretation of the results. Existing approaches have demonstrated the efficiency of variable selection for clustering but turn out to be either very time consuming or not sparse enough in high-dimensional spaces. This work proposes to perform a selection of the discriminative variables by introducing sparsity in the loading matrix of the Fisher-EM algorithm. This clustering method has been recently proposed for the simultaneous visualization and clustering of high-dimensional data. It is based on a latent mixture model which fits the data into a low-dimensional discriminative subspace. Three different approaches are proposed in this work to introduce sparsity in the orientation matrix of the discriminative subspace through $\\ell_{1}$-type penalizations. Experimental comparisons with existing approach...
Local Group Dwarf Spheroidals: Correlated Deviations from the Baryonic Tully-Fisher Relation
McGaugh, Stacy S
2010-01-01
Local Group dwarf spheroidal satellite galaxies are the faintest extragalactic stellar systems known. We examine recent data for these objects in the plane of the Baryonic Tully-Fisher Relation (BTFR). While some dwarf spheroidals adhere to the BTFR, others deviate substantially. We examine the residuals from the BTFR and find that they are not random. The residuals correlate with luminosity, size, metallicity, ellipticity, and susceptibility of the dwarfs to tidal disruption. Fainter, more elliptical, and tidally more susceptible dwarfs deviate further from the BTFR. We consider a variety of mechanisms that might lead to this behavior. Reionization does not, by itself, suffice to explain all aspects of the data. Further mechanisms such as supernova feedback or ram pressure stripping may remove gas that would otherwise be present to satisfy the baryonic mass budget. The correlation with ellipticity and tidal susceptibility implies that the usual assumption of spherical systems in stable equilibria may not hol...
Miller Fisher syndrome: a rare variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome
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Luciana Pinto Bandeira
2012-12-01
Full Text Available This report describes the case of a 39-year-old male patient who presented to the emergency room with complaints of impaired balance, diplopia, and nasal voice. The patient had a history of upper respiratory tract infection. The initial physical examination revealed ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, and areflexia, which are consistent with the classic triad of Miller Fisher syndrome, considered a benign variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome. The patient developed peripheral facial paralysis during hospitalization. He underwent a treatment with immunoglobulin for five days, resulting in near complete resolution of the ataxia. However, the ophthalmoplegia and areflexia persisted. He was discharged to outpatient follow-up.
The Tully$-$Fisher and Mass$-$Size Relations from Halo Abundance Matching
Desmond, Harry
2015-01-01
The Tully$-$Fisher relation (TFR) expresses the connection between rotating galaxies and the dark matter haloes they inhabit, and therefore contains a wealth of information about galaxy formation. We construct a general framework to investigate whether models based on halo abundance matching are able to reproduce the observed stellar mass TFR and mass$-$size relation (MSR), and use the data to constrain galaxy formation parameters. Our model tests a range of plausible scenarios, differing in the response of haloes to disc formation, the relative angular momentum of baryons and dark matter, the impact of selection effects, and the abundance matching parameters. We show that agreement with the observed TFR puts an upper limit on the scatter between galaxy and halo properties, requires weak or reversed halo contraction, and favours selection effects that preferentially eliminate fast-rotating galaxies. The MSR constrains the ratio of the disc to halo specific angular momentum to be approximately in the range 0.6...
Vitalis, K M
2016-01-01
Radical-ion pairs and their reactions have triggered the study of quantum effects in biological systems. This is because they exhibit a number of effects best understood within quantum information science, and at the same time are central in understanding the avian magnetic compass and the spin transport dynamics in photosynthetic reaction centers. Here we address radical-pair reactions from the perspective of quantum metrology. Since the coherent spin motion of radical-pairs is effected by an external magnetic field, these spin-dependent reactions essentially realize a biochemical magnetometer. Using the quantum Fisher information, we find the fundamental quantum limits to the magnetic sensitivity of radical-pair magnetometers. We then explore how well the usual measurement scheme considered in radical-pair reactions, the measurement of reaction yields, approaches the fundamental limits. In doing so, we find the optimal hyperfine interaction Hamiltonian that leads to the best magnetic sensitivity as obtained...
A semianalytic Fisher matrix for precessing binaries with a single significant spin
O'Shaughnessy, R; Lundgren, A
2015-01-01
Gravitational waves from a binary with a single dynamically significant spin, notably including precessing black hole-neutron star (BH-NS) binaries, let us constrain that binary's properties: the two masses and the dominant black hole spin. Based on a straightforward fourier transform of $h(t)$ enabled by the corotating frame, we show the Fisher matrix for precessing binaries can be well-approximated by an extremely simple semianalytic approximation. This approximation can be easily understood as a weighted average of independent information channels, each associated with one gravitational wave harmonic. Generalizing previous studies of nonprecessing binaries to include critical symmetry-breaking precession effects required to understand plausible astrophysical sources, our ansatz can be applied to address how well gravitational wave measurements can address a wide range of astrophysical and fundamental questions. Our approach provides a simple method to assess what parameters gravitational wave detectors can...
Seeking the Local Convergence Depth; 5, Tully-Fisher Peculiar Velocities for 52 Abell Clusters
Dale, D A; Haynes, M P; Campusano, L E; Hardy, E; Dale, Daniel A.; Giovanelli, Riccardo; Haynes, Martha P.; Campusano, Luis E.; Hardy, Eduardo
1999-01-01
We have obtained I band Tully-Fisher (TF) measurements for 522 late-type galaxies in the fields of 52 rich Abell clusters distributed throughout the sky between 50 and 200\\h Mpc. Here we estimate corrections to the data for various forms of observational bias, most notably Malmquist and cluster population incompleteness bias. The bias-corrected data are applied to the construction of an I band TF template, resulting in a relation with a dispersion of 0.38 magnitudes and a kinematical zero-point accurate to 0.02 magnitudes. This represents the most accurate TF template relation currently available. Individual cluster TF relations are referred to the average template relation to compute cluster peculiar motions. The line-of-sight dispersion in the peculiar motions is 341+/-93 km/s, in general agreement with that found for the cluster sample of Giovanelli and coworkers.
A Big Network Traffic Data Fusion Approach Based on Fisher and Deep Auto-Encoder
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Xiaoling Tao
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Data fusion is usually performed prior to classification in order to reduce the input space. These dimensionality reduction techniques help to decline the complexity of the classification model and thus improve the classification performance. The traditional supervised methods demand labeled samples, and the current network traffic data mostly is not labeled. Thereby, better learners will be built by using both labeled and unlabeled data, than using each one alone. In this paper, a novel network traffic data fusion approach based on Fisher and deep auto-encoder (DFA-F-DAE is proposed to reduce the data dimensions and the complexity of computation. The experimental results show that the DFA-F-DAE improves the generalization ability of the three classification algorithms (J48, back propagation neural network (BPNN, and support vector machine (SVM by data dimensionality reduction. We found that the DFA-F-DAE remarkably improves the efficiency of big network traffic classification.
Application of Fisher Score and mRMR Techniques for Feature Selection in Compressed Medical Images
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Vamsidhar Enireddy
2015-12-01
Full Text Available In nowadays there is a large increase in the digital medical images and different medical imaging equipments are available for diagnoses, medical professionals are increasingly relying on computer aided techniques for both indexing these images and retrieving similar images from large repositories. To develop systems which are computationally less intensive without compromising on the accuracy from the high dimensional feature space is always challenging. In this paper an investigation is made on the retrieval of compressed medical images. Images are compressed using the visually lossless compression technique. Shape and texture features are extracted and best features are selected using the fisher technique and mRMR. Using these selected features RNN with BPTT was utilized for classification of the compressed images.
5 YEAR PHYSIOTHERAPY AND REHABILITATION RESULTS OF THE PATIENT WITH MILLER FISHER SYNDROME
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Bihter AKINOĞLU
2016-08-01
Full Text Available Background: Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS is characterized by gait ataxia, external ophtalmoplegia and areflexia and thought as an uncommon variant of Guillain Barre syndrome. Miller-Fisher syndrome is observed in about 5-8% of all Guillain Barre syndrome (GBS cases. In MFS patients, spontaneous improvement was observed in the first 3 months and these improvements were started by the 2nd week. Methods: This case was referred to physiotherapy and rehabilitation program at the 4th week since the appropriate medical treatments were unsuccessful after the attack. The patient was evaluated generally before physiotherapy program, and muscle length, strength loss, deep tendon reflexes, postural impairments and daily difficult activities and positions were assessed. Besides, the desired daily activities were identified by The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM. Treatment program was adjusted according to the patient and changes during treatment period were observed. Physiotherapy program included classical physiotherapy methods: posture correction, correction of short muscles, muscle strengthening, flexibility increase, balance/coordination, sitting and standing functions and walking improvement and climbing up stairs. Results: After the treatment, lower extremity muscle shortness decreased and muscle strength, standing on one foot duration, independent walk speed increased in time. Before treatment, he could not climbing upstairs, but it was achieved 1 year after the treatment. Berg balance score increased in time and his most desired activities by COPM (10/10 were could be performed after the treatment. Conclusion: The case improved with physiotherapy and rehabilitation program gradually with years.In the treatment of MFS patients, physiotherapy and rehabilitation being part of the treatment will be useful.
On how to extend the NIR Tully-Fisher relation to be truly all-sky
Said, K.; Kraan-Korteweg, R. C.; Jarrett, T. H.
2015-02-01
Dust extinction and stellar confusion by the Milky Way reduce the efficiency of detecting galaxies at low Galactic latitudes, creating the so-called Zone of Avoidance (ZoA). This stands as a stumbling block in charting the distribution of galaxies and cosmic flow fields, and therewith our understanding of the local dynamics in the Universe (cosmic microwave background dipole, convergence radius of bulk flows). For instance, ZoA galaxies are generally excluded from the whole-sky Tully-Fisher (TF) surveys (|b| ≤ 5°) even if catalogued. We show here that by fine-tuning the near-infrared (NIR) TF relation, there is no reason not to extend peculiar velocity surveys deeper into the ZoA. Accurate axial ratios (b/a) are crucial to both the TF sample selection and the resulting TF distances. We simulate the effect of dust extinction on the geometrical properties of galaxies. As expected, galaxies appear rounder with increasing obscuration level, even affecting existing TF samples. We derive correction models and demonstrate that we can reliably reproduce the intrinsic axial ratio from the observed value up to extinction level of about AJ ≃ 3 mag (AV ˜ 11 mag); we also recover a fair fraction of galaxies that otherwise would fall out of an uncorrected inclination limited galaxy sample. We present a re-calibration of the 2MTF (The Two Micron All Sky Survey Tully-Fisher Survey) relation in the NIR J, H, and Ks bands for isophotal rather than total magnitudes, using their same calibration sample. Both TF relations exhibit similar scatter at high Galactic latitudes. However, the isophotal TF relation results in a significant improvement in the scatter for galaxies in the ZoA, and low surface brightness galaxies in general, because isophotal apertures are more robust in the face of significant stellar confusion.
BaitFisher: A Software Package for Multispecies Target DNA Enrichment Probe Design.
Mayer, Christoph; Sann, Manuela; Donath, Alexander; Meixner, Martin; Podsiadlowski, Lars; Peters, Ralph S; Petersen, Malte; Meusemann, Karen; Liere, Karsten; Wägele, Johann-Wolfgang; Misof, Bernhard; Bleidorn, Christoph; Ohl, Michael; Niehuis, Oliver
2016-07-01
Target DNA enrichment combined with high-throughput sequencing technologies is a powerful approach to probing a large number of loci in genomes of interest. However, software algorithms that explicitly consider nucleotide sequence information of target loci in multiple reference species for optimizing design of target enrichment baits to be applicable across a wide range of species have not been developed. Here we present an algorithm that infers target DNA enrichment baits from multiple nucleotide sequence alignments. By applying clustering methods and the combinatorial 1-center sequence optimization to bait design, we are able to minimize the total number of baits required to efficiently probe target loci in multiple species. Consequently, more loci can be probed across species with a given number of baits. Using transcript sequences of 24 apoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae, Sphecidae) from the 1KITE project and the gene models of Nasonia vitripennis, we inferred 57,650, 120-bp-long baits for capturing 378 coding sequence sections of 282 genes in apoid wasps. Illumina reduced-representation library sequencing confirmed successful enrichment of the target DNA when applying these baits to DNA of various apoid wasps. The designed baits furthermore enriched a major fraction of the target DNA in distantly related Hymenoptera, such as Formicidae and Chalcidoidea, highlighting the baits' broad taxonomic applicability. The availability of baits with broad taxonomic applicability is of major interest in numerous disciplines, ranging from phylogenetics to biodiversity monitoring. We implemented our new approach in a software package, called BaitFisher, which is open source and freely available at https://github.com/cmayer/BaitFisher-package.git. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Klein, A.A.B.; Melard, G.; Zahaf, T.
2000-01-01
The Fisher information matrix is of fundamental importance for the analysis of parameter estimation of time series models. In this paper the exact information matrix of a multivariate Gaussian time series model expressed in state space form is derived. A computationally efficient procedure is used b
Jordan, Mark J.; Higley, Mark; Matthews, Sean M.; Rhodes, Olin E.; Schwartz, Michael K.; Barrett, Reginald H.; Palsboll, Per J.
2007-01-01
We developed 22 new microsatellite loci for the fisher (Martes pennanti), a North American mesocarnivore. The loci were developed with samples from the southern Sierra Nevada Mountains in California, and were screened with samples from this population and four other populations. We observed a range
Klein, A.A.B.; Melard, G.; Zahaf, T.
2000-01-01
The Fisher information matrix is of fundamental importance for the analysis of parameter estimation of time series models. In this paper the exact information matrix of a multivariate Gaussian time series model expressed in state space form is derived. A computationally efficient procedure is used b
Alger, Jonathan R.
2013-01-01
This invited commentary provides a response to the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in the case of "Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin" (2013). The author addresses the question regarding whether the newest decision about the use of affirmative action in higher education admissions raised the bar with respect to the legal doctrine of…
Alvard, Michael; McGaffey, Ethan; Carlson, David
2015-01-01
We used global positioning system (GPS) technology and tracking analysis to measure fishing effort by marine, small-scale, fish aggregating device (FAD) fishers of the Commonwealth of Dominica. FADs are human-made structures designed to float on the surface of the water and attract fish. They are also prone to common pool resource problems. To…
As a key tool in information theory, Fisher Information has been used to explore the observable behavior of a variety of systems. In particular, recent work has demonstrated its ability to assess the dynamic order of real and model systems. However, in order to solidify the use o...
2010-07-01
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Yazoo Diversion Canal, Vicksburg, Miss., from its mouth at Kleinston Landing to Fisher Street; navigation. 207.260 Section 207.260 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NAVIGATION REGULATIONS § 207.260 Yazoo Diversion...
Alger, Jonathan R.
2013-01-01
This invited commentary provides a response to the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in the case of "Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin" (2013). The author addresses the question regarding whether the newest decision about the use of affirmative action in higher education admissions raised the bar with respect to the legal doctrine of…
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Sornam Ganesan
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Objective: To identify the associated factors of cervical pre-malignant lesions among the married fisher women residing in the coastal areas of Sadras, Tamil Nadu. Methods: The study was conducted in five fishermen communities under Sadras, a coastal area in Tamil Nadu, India. Two hundred and fifty married fisher women residing in the area. Quantitative descriptive approach with a cross-sectional study design was used. Data were collected using a structured interview schedule for identifying the associated factors and Pap smear test was performed for identifying the pre-malignant cervical lesions among the married fisher women. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Among 250 women, about six (2.4% of them presented with pre-cancerous lesions such as atypical squamous cell of undifferentiated significance (ASCUS - five (2% and mild dysplasia one (0.4%. Majority of the women, about 178 (71.2% women, had abnormal cervical findings. Statistical analysis showed a significant association of risk factors such as advanced age, lack of education, low socioeconomic status, using tobacco, multiparity, premarital sex, extramarital relationship, using cloth as sanitary napkin, etc. Conclusion: The study findings clearly show the increased vulnerable state of the fisher women for acquiring cervical cancer as they had many risk factors contributing to the same.
Kocher, Susie; Lombardo, Anne; Sweitzer, Rick A.
2013-01-01
The University of California Cooperative Extension used social media to solicit donations to support research on the Pacific fisher, a rare forest-dwelling weasel, conducted by UC scientists. The social media campaign included blog and Facebook postings, news releases, and tweets requesting donations of single socks. Socks were donated from around…
Barton, E J; Bromley, B C; Van Zee, L; Kenyon, S J; Barton, Elizabeth J.; Geller, Margaret J.; Bromley, Benjamin C.; Zee, Liese van; Kenyon, Scott J.
2001-01-01
We use optical rotation curves to investigate the R-band Tully-Fisher properties of a sample of 90 spiral galaxies in close pairs. The galaxies follow the Tully-Fisher relation remarkably well, with the exception of eight distinct 3-sigma outliers. Although most of the outliers show signs of recent star formation, gasdynamical effects are probably the dominant cause of their anomalous Tully-Fisher properties. Four outliers with small emission line widths have very centrally concentrated line emission and truncated rotation curves; the central emission indicates recent gas infall after a close galaxy-galaxy pass. These four galaxies may be local counterparts to compact, blue galaxies at intermediate redshift. The remaining galaxies have a negligible offset from the reference Tully-Fisher relation, but a shallower slope (2.6-sigma significance) and a 25% larger scatter. We characterize the non-outlier sample with measures of distortion and star formation to search for third parameter dependence in the residuals...
Sweitzer, Rick A; Furnas, Brett J
2016-03-01
These data provide additional information relevant to the frequency of fisher detections by camera traps, and single-season occupancy and local persistence of fishers in small patches of forest habitats detailed elsewhere, "Landscape Fuel Reduction, Forest Fire, and Biophysical Linkages to Local Habitat Use and Local Persistence of Fishers (Pekania pennanti) in Sierra Nevada Mixed-conifer Forests" [10]. The data provides insight on camera trap detections of 3 fisher predators (bobcat [Lynx rufus]). Coyote [Canis latrans], mountain lion [Puma concolor], 5 mesocarnivores in the same foraging guild as fishers (gray fox [Urocyon cinereoargenteus]) ringtail [Bassariscus astutus], marten [Martes americana], striped skunk [Mephitis mephitis] spotted skunk [Spilogale gracilis], and 5 Sciuridae rodents that fishers consume as prey (Douglas squirrel [Tamiasciurus douglasii]), gray squirrel [Sciurus griseus], northern flying squirrel [Glaucomys sabrinus], long-eared chipmunk [Neotamias quadrimaculatus], California ground squirrel [Spermophilus beecheyi]. We used these data to identify basic patterns of co-occurrence with fishers, and to evaluate the relative importance of presence of competing mesocarnivores, rodent prey, and predators for fisher occupancy of small, 1 km(2) grid cells of forest habitat.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rick A. Sweitzer
2016-03-01
Full Text Available These data provide additional information relevant to the frequency of fisher detections by camera traps, and single-season occupancy and local persistence of fishers in small patches of forest habitats detailed elsewhere, “Landscape Fuel Reduction, Forest Fire, and Biophysical Linkages to Local Habitat Use and Local Persistence of Fishers (Pekania pennanti in Sierra Nevada Mixed-conifer Forests” [10]. The data provides insight on camera trap detections of 3 fisher predators (bobcat [Lynx rufus]. Coyote [Canis latrans], mountain lion [Puma concolor], 5 mesocarnivores in the same foraging guild as fishers (gray fox [Urocyon cinereoargenteus] ringtail [Bassariscus astutus], marten [Martes americana], striped skunk [Mephitis mephitis] spotted skunk [Spilogale gracilis], and 5 Sciuridae rodents that fishers consume as prey (Douglas squirrel [Tamiasciurus douglasii], gray squirrel [Sciurus griseus], northern flying squirrel [Glaucomys sabrinus], long-eared chipmunk [Neotamias quadrimaculatus], California ground squirrel [Spermophilus beecheyi]. We used these data to identify basic patterns of co-occurrence with fishers, and to evaluate the relative importance of presence of competing mesocarnivores, rodent prey, and predators for fisher occupancy of small, 1 km2 grid cells of forest habitat.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tim M Daw
Full Text Available Globally, fisheries are challenged by the combined impacts of overfishing, degradation of ecosystems and impacts of climate change, while fisheries livelihoods are further pressured by conservation policy imperatives. Fishers' adaptive responses to these pressures, such as exiting from a fishery to pursue alternative livelihoods, determine their own vulnerability, as well as the potential for reducing fishing effort and sustaining fisheries. The willingness and ability to make particular adaptations in response to change, such as exiting from a declining fishery, is influenced by economic, cultural and institutional factors operating at scales from individual fishers to national economies. Previous studies of exit from fisheries at single or few sites, offer limited insight into the relative importance of individual and larger-scale social and economic factors. We asked 599 fishers how they would respond to hypothetical scenarios of catch declines in 28 sites in five western Indian Ocean countries. We investigated how socioeconomic variables at the individual-, household- and site-scale affected whether they would exit fisheries. Site-level factors had the greatest influence on readiness to exit, but these relationships were contrary to common predictions. Specifically, higher levels of infrastructure development and economic vitality - expected to promote exit from fisheries - were associated with less readiness to exit. This may be due to site level histories of exit from fisheries, greater specialisation of fishing households, or higher rewards from fishing in more economically developed sites due to technology, market access, catch value and government subsidies. At the individual and household scale, fishers from households with more livelihood activities, and fishers with lower catch value were more willing to exit. These results demonstrate empirically how adaptive responses to change are influenced by factors at multiple scales, and
Optimal input shaping for Fisher identifiability of control-oriented lithium-ion battery models
Rothenberger, Michael J.
This dissertation examines the fundamental challenge of optimally shaping input trajectories to maximize parameter identifiability of control-oriented lithium-ion battery models. Identifiability is a property from information theory that determines the solvability of parameter estimation for mathematical models using input-output measurements. This dissertation creates a framework that exploits the Fisher information metric to quantify the level of battery parameter identifiability, optimizes this metric through input shaping, and facilitates faster and more accurate estimation. The popularity of lithium-ion batteries is growing significantly in the energy storage domain, especially for stationary and transportation applications. While these cells have excellent power and energy densities, they are plagued with safety and lifespan concerns. These concerns are often resolved in the industry through conservative current and voltage operating limits, which reduce the overall performance and still lack robustness in detecting catastrophic failure modes. New advances in automotive battery management systems mitigate these challenges through the incorporation of model-based control to increase performance, safety, and lifespan. To achieve these goals, model-based control requires accurate parameterization of the battery model. While many groups in the literature study a variety of methods to perform battery parameter estimation, a fundamental issue of poor parameter identifiability remains apparent for lithium-ion battery models. This fundamental challenge of battery identifiability is studied extensively in the literature, and some groups are even approaching the problem of improving the ability to estimate the model parameters. The first approach is to add additional sensors to the battery to gain more information that is used for estimation. The other main approach is to shape the input trajectories to increase the amount of information that can be gained from input
Antecedent infections in Fisher syndrome: a common pathogenesis of molecular mimicry.
Koga, M; Gilbert, M; Li, J; Koike, S; Takahashi, M; Furukawa, K; Hirata, K; Yuki, N
2005-05-10
To assess the production mechanism of anti-GQ1b autoantibody in Fisher syndrome (FS). The authors conducted a prospective case-control serologic study of five antecedent infections (Campylobacter jejuni, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae) in 73 patients with FS and 73 sex- and age-matched hospital controls (HCs). Serologic evidence in FS patients of C. jejuni (21%) and H. influenzae (8%) infections was present significantly more often than in the HCs. None of the five pathogens examined was found in the 49 (67%) patients with FS. Anti-GQ1b IgG antibody was detected in most FS patients infected with C. jejuni or H. influenzae. Mass spectrometry analysis identified a C. jejuni strain (CF93-6) carrying a GT1a-like lipo-oligosaccharide (LOS) that had been isolated from an FS patient. Immunization of complex ganglioside-lacking knockout mice with the GT1a-like LOS generated IgG class monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that reacted with GQ1b and GT1a. Thin-layer chromatography with immunostaining showed that anti-GQ1b mAb bound to the C. jejuni LOS (50% of the 20 FS-related strains) more commonly than in the Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)-related (7% of 70) or enteritis-related (20% of 65) strains. Anti-GM1 and anti-GD1a mAbs also reacted with the LOS from some FS-related strains (both 20%), but binding frequencies were higher in the GBS-related strains (74 and 57%). The GQ1b epitope was detected in 4 (40%) of the 10 FS-related H. influenzae strains but was absent in strains from patients with GBS (n = 4) and uncomplicated respiratory infections (n = 10). C. jejuni and H. influenzae are related to Fisher syndrome (FS) development, and production of anti-GQ1b autoantibody is mediated by the GQ1b-mimicking lipo-oligosaccharides on those bacteria. The causative agents remain unclear in the majority of patients with FS.
A Slippery Slope: Systematic Uncertainties in the Baryonic Tully-Fisher Relation
Bradford, Jeremy D; Bosch, Frank C van den
2016-01-01
The baryonic Tully-Fisher relation (BTFR) is both a valuable observational tool and a critical test of galaxy formation theory. We explore the systematic uncertainty in the slope and the scatter of the observed BTFR utilizing a homogeneously measured dataset of 930 isolated galaxies. We measure a fiducial relation of log_10 M_baryon = 3.24 log_10 V_rot + 3.21 with a scatter of 0.25 dex over the baryonic mass range of 10^7.4 to 10^11.3 M_sun. We then conservatively vary the definitions of M_baryon and V_rot, the sample definition and the linear fitting algorithm used to fit the BTFR. We obtain slopes ranging from 2.64 to 3.46 and scatter measurements ranging from 0.16 to 0.41 dex. We next compare our fiducial slope to literature measurements, where reported slopes range from 3.0 to 4.3 and scatter is either unmeasured, unmeasurable or as large as 0.4 dex. Measurements derived from unresolved HI line-widths tend to produce slopes of 3.2, while measurements derived strictly from resolved asymptotic rotation velo...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McCammon, C.S.; Krishnan, E.R.; Goodman, R.J.
1987-08-17
A walk-through industrial-hygiene survey was conducted at the General Motors Corporation Fisher Guide manufacturing facility located in Monroe, Louisiana. The investigation centered on possible exposure to acrylates or methacrylates during the manufacture of adhesive-sealed, flame-sealed, or composite headlamps. Methacrylate-based adhesives and acrylated coatings have been used at the facility since 1981. Both the adhesives and coatings were cured by ultraviolet radiation. Ninety-four employees had potential contact with acrylates or methacrylates during the application of adhesives and coatings. Adhesives were used for sealing the lens/reflector area and the bulb location of the terminal area. Base coats were applied to the composite headlamps to provide an adhering surface for the aluminized coating. Top coats were applied as a protective coating for the aluminum coating. Two cases of chemical dermatitis have been reported at the facility since 1981 due to skin contact with acrylates/methacrylates. When an automated system was used to apply adhesive materials during headlamp assembly, there was a lower potential for employee exposure to the hazardous chemicals. The authors recommend that the company move toward complete automation of this part of the production process. Levels of butyl-acetate should be checked as there was a strong smell of this chemical in part of the production line.
Collective potential for large N hamiltonian matrix models and free Fisher information
Agarwal, A; Krishnaswami, G S; Rajeev, S G
2003-01-01
We formulate the planar `large N limit' of matrix models with a continuously infinite number of matrices directly in terms of U(N) invariant variables.good language to describe this formulation. The change of variables frommatrix elements to invariants induces an extra term in the hamiltonian,which is crucual in determining the ground state. We find that this collective potential has a natural meaning in terms of non-commutative probability theory:it is the `free Fisher information' discovered by Voiculescu. This formulation allows us to find a variational principle for the classical theory described by such large N limits. We then use the variational principle to study models more complex than the one describing the quantum mechanics of a single hermitian matrix (i.e., go beyond the so called D=1 barrier). We carry out approximate variational calculations for a few models and find excellent agreement with known results where such comparisons are possible. We also discover a lower bound for the ground state b...
Tully-Fisher relation, galactic rotation curves and dissipative mirror dark matter
Foot, R
2013-01-01
If dark matter is dissipative then the distribution of dark matter within galactic halos can be governed by dissipation, heating and hydrostatic equilibrium. Previous work has shown that a specific model, in the framework of mirror dark matter, can explain several empirical galactic scaling relations. It is shown here that this dynamical halo model implies a quasi-isothermal dark matter density, $\\rho (r) = \\rho_0 r_0^2/(r^2 + r_0^2)$, where the core radius, $r_0$, scales with disk scale length, $r_D$, via $r_0/{\\rm kpc} = 1.4\\left(r_D/{\\rm kpc}\\right)$. Additionally, the product $\\rho_0 r_0$ is roughly $constant$, i.e. independent of galaxy size (the $constant$ is set by the parameters of the model). The derived dark matter density profile implies that the galactic rotation velocity satisfies the Tully-Fisher relation, $L_B \\propto v^{3}_{max}$, where $v_{max}$ is the maximal rotational velocity. Examples of rotation curves resulting from this dynamics are given.
Watson, Nathanial E; Parsons, Brendon A; Synovec, Robert E
2016-08-12
Performance of tile-based Fisher Ratio (F-ratio) data analysis, recently developed for discovery-based studies using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC-TOFMS), is evaluated with a metabolomics dataset that had been previously analyzed in great detail, but while taking a brute force approach. The previously analyzed data (referred to herein as the benchmark dataset) were intracellular extracts from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast), either metabolizing glucose (repressed) or ethanol (derepressed), which define the two classes in the discovery-based analysis to find metabolites that are statistically different in concentration between the two classes. Beneficially, this previously analyzed dataset provides a concrete means to validate the tile-based F-ratio software. Herein, we demonstrate and validate the significant benefits of applying tile-based F-ratio analysis. The yeast metabolomics data are analyzed more rapidly in about one week versus one year for the prior studies with this dataset. Furthermore, a null distribution analysis is implemented to statistically determine an adequate F-ratio threshold, whereby the variables with F-ratio values below the threshold can be ignored as not class distinguishing, which provides the analyst with confidence when analyzing the hit table. Forty-six of the fifty-four benchmarked changing metabolites were discovered by the new methodology while consistently excluding all but one of the benchmarked nineteen false positive metabolites previously identified.
Principle of maximum Fisher information from Hardy's axioms applied to statistical systems.
Frieden, B Roy; Gatenby, Robert A
2013-10-01
Consider a finite-sized, multidimensional system in parameter state a. The system is either at statistical equilibrium or general nonequilibrium, and may obey either classical or quantum physics. L. Hardy's mathematical axioms provide a basis for the physics obeyed by any such system. One axiom is that the number N of distinguishable states a in the system obeys N=max. This assumes that N is known as deterministic prior knowledge. However, most observed systems suffer statistical fluctuations, for which N is therefore only known approximately. Then what happens if the scope of the axiom N=max is extended to include such observed systems? It is found that the state a of the system must obey a principle of maximum Fisher information, I=I(max). This is important because many physical laws have been derived, assuming as a working hypothesis that I=I(max). These derivations include uses of the principle of extreme physical information (EPI). Examples of such derivations were of the De Broglie wave hypothesis, quantum wave equations, Maxwell's equations, new laws of biology (e.g., of Coulomb force-directed cell development and of in situ cancer growth), and new laws of economic fluctuation and investment. That the principle I=I(max) itself derives from suitably extended Hardy axioms thereby eliminates its need to be assumed in these derivations. Thus, uses of I=I(max) and EPI express physics at its most fundamental level, its axiomatic basis in math.
The Einstein-Klein-Gordon Equations, Wave Dark Matter, and the Tully-Fisher Relation
Goetz, Andrew S
2015-01-01
We examine the Einstein equation coupled to the Klein-Gordon equation for a complex-valued scalar field. These two equations together are known as the Einstein-Klein-Gordon system. In the low-field, non-relativistic limit, the Einstein-Klein-Gordon system reduces to the Poisson-Schr\\"odinger system. We describe the simplest solutions of these systems in spherical symmetry, the spherically symmetric static states, and some scaling properties they obey. We also describe some approximate analytic solutions for these states. The EKG system underlies a theory of wave dark matter, also known as scalar field dark matter (SFDM), boson star dark matter, and Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) dark matter. We discuss a possible connection between the theory of wave dark matter and the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation, which is a scaling relation observed to hold for disk galaxies in the universe across many decades in mass. We show how fixing boundary conditions at the edge of the spherically symmetric static states implies T...
Hill, William G
2014-01-01
Although animal breeding was practiced long before the science of genetics and the relevant disciplines of population and quantitative genetics were known, breeding programs have mainly relied on simply selecting and mating the best individuals on their own or relatives' performance. This is based on sound quantitative genetic principles, developed and expounded by Lush, who attributed much of his understanding to Wright, and formalized in Fisher's infinitesimal model. Analysis at the level of individual loci and gene frequency distributions has had relatively little impact. Now with access to genomic data, a revolution in which molecular information is being used to enhance response with "genomic selection" is occurring. The predictions of breeding value still utilize multiple loci throughout the genome and, indeed, are largely compatible with additive and specifically infinitesimal model assumptions. I discuss some of the history and genetic issues as applied to the science of livestock improvement, which has had and continues to have major spin-offs into ideas and applications in other areas.
The baryonic content and Tully-Fisher relation at z~0.6
Puech, M; Flores, H; Delgado-Serrano, R; Rodrigues, M; Yang, Y
2009-01-01
abr: Using the spectrograph GIRAFFE at VLT, we have recently derived the stellar-mass Tully-Fisher Relation (smTFR) at z~0.6. We have found that the distant relation is roughly shifted by a factor two toward smaller masses compared with the local relation. For deriving gas masses in distant galaxies, we estimate a gas radius and invert the Schmidt-Kennicutt law between star formation rate and gas surface densities. We find that gas extents farther that UV light from young stars, by ~30% in median. We present the first baryonic TFR (bTFR) ever established at high redshift and show that, within an uncertainty of +/-0.08 dex, the bTFR does not appear to evolve in zero point between z~0.6 and z=0. On the other hand, we confirm that the shift between the local and distant smTFR is found to be very significant, both against random and systematic uncertainties. The non evolution of the bTFR over the past 6 Gyr implies that no external gas accretion is required for distant rotating disks to sustain star formation dow...
The Fisher Kernel Coding Framework for High Spatial Resolution Scene Classification
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bei Zhao
2016-02-01
Full Text Available High spatial resolution (HSR image scene classification is aimed at bridging the semantic gap between low-level features and high-level semantic concepts, which is a challenging task due to the complex distribution of ground objects in HSR images. Scene classification based on the bag-of-visual-words (BOVW model is one of the most successful ways to acquire the high-level semantic concepts. However, the BOVW model assigns local low-level features to their closest visual words in the “visual vocabulary” (the codebook obtained by k-means clustering, which discards too many useful details of the low-level features in HSR images. In this paper, a feature coding method under the Fisher kernel (FK coding framework is introduced to extend the BOVW model by characterizing the low-level features with a gradient vector instead of the count statistics in the BOVW model, which results in a significant decrease in the codebook size and an acceleration of the codebook learning process. By considering the differences in the distributions of the ground objects in different regions of the images, local FK (LFK is proposed for the HSR image scene classification method. The experimental results show that the proposed scene classification methods under the FK coding framework can greatly reduce the computational cost, and can obtain a better scene classification accuracy than the methods based on the traditional BOVW model.
Evolution of the infrared Tully-Fisher relation up to z=1.4
Lorenzo, M Fernández; Bongiovanni, A; García, A M Pérez; Lara-López, M A; Pović, M; Sánchez-Portal, M
2010-01-01
The Tully-Fisher relation (TFR) represents a connection between fundamental galaxy parameters, such as its total mass and the mass locked in stars. Therefore, the study of the evolution of this relation in the optical and infrared bands can provide valuable information about the evolution of the individual galaxies through the changes found in each band. This work aims to study the TFR at high redshift in the B, V, R, I, and K-bands by comparison with the local relations derived from a large sample of galaxies in the redshift range 0.1
Insulation Defects Discrimination in GIS by Fisher Discriminant Analysis of Partial Discharge
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DING Dengwei; GAO Wensheng; LIU Weidong
2013-01-01
To monitor the condition of online power apparatus accurately and provide appropriate guidance on their maintenance,a fundamental ultra-high frequency (UHF) database of partial discharges corresponding to different types of defects is presented for the observation of insulation state of gas insulated switchgear (GIS).In order to imitate the defects in a GIS online,five types of typical partial discharge (PD) sources (i.e.floating metal,protrusion,bouncing particles,void in spacer,and particle on the surface of solid insulation) were designed and fabricated.A wideband UHF sensor and an amplifier were applied to obtain UHF signals.Based on the characteristics of the five different defects,nine meaningful parameters which were independent of the phase of the applied voltage were extracted from the PD samples and then discussed.In this paper,Fisher discriminant analysis (FDA),a pattern recognition algorithm,was applied for the purpose of classifying the defects.In this way,there was no need to set complicated parameters and kernel function,and the total discrimination accuracy of test samples was 97.6％.It indicates that based on the nine especial parameters,the typical defects in GIS can be identified exactly by means of FDA.Hence the analysis method could be possibly regarded as a universal classification method.
Using Fisher information to assess stability in the performance of public transportation systems.
Ahmad, Nasir; Derrible, Sybil; Cabezas, Heriberto
2017-04-01
Public transportation systems (PTS) are large and complex systems that consist of many modes operated by different agencies to service entire regions. Assessing their performance can therefore be difficult. In this work, we use concepts of Fisher information (FI) to analyse the stability in the performance of PTS in the 372 US urbanized areas (UZA) reported by the National Transit Database. The key advantage of FI is its ability to handle multiple variables simultaneously to provide information about overall trends of a system. It can therefore detect whether a system is stable or heading towards instability, and whether any regime shifts have occurred or are approaching. A regime shift is a fundamental change in the dynamics of the system, e.g. major and lasting change in service. Here, we first provide a brief background on FI and then compute and analyse FI for all US PTS using monthly data from 2002 to 2016; datasets include unlinked passenger trips (i.e. demand) and vehicle revenue miles (i.e. supply). We detect eight different patterns from the results. We find that most PTS are seeking stability, although some PTS have gone through regime shifts. We also observe that several PTS have consistently decreasing FI results, which is a cause for concern. FI results with detailed explanations are provided for eight major UZA.
The KMOS Redshift One Spectroscopic Survey (KROSS): The Tully-Fisher Relation at z ~ 1
Tiley, Alfred L; Swinbank, A M; Bureau, Martin; Harrison, Chris M; Bower, Richard; Johnson, Helen L; Bunker, Andrew J; Jarvis, Matt J; Magdis, Georgios; Sharples, Ray; Smail, Ian; Sobral, David; Best, Philip
2016-01-01
We present the stellar mass ($M_{*}$), and K-corrected $K$-band absolute magnitude ($M_{K}$) Tully-Fisher relations (TFRs) for sub-samples of the 584 galaxies spatially resolved in H$\\alpha$ emission by the KMOS Redshift One Spectroscopic Survey (KROSS). We model the velocity field of each of the KROSS galaxies and extract a rotation velocity, $V_{80}$ at a radius equal to the major axis of an ellipse containing 80% of the total integrated H$\\alpha$ flux. The large sample size of KROSS allowed us to select 210 galaxies with well measured rotation speeds. We extract from this sample a further 56 galaxies that are rotationally supported, using the stringent criterion $V_{80}/\\sigma > 3$, where $\\sigma$ is the flux weighted average velocity dispersion. We find the $M_{K}$ and $M_{*}$ TFRs for this sub-sample to be $M_{K} / \\rm{mag}= (-7.3 \\pm 0.9) \\times [(\\log(V_{80}/\\rm{km\\ s^{-1}})-2.25]- 23.4 \\pm 0.2$ , and $\\log(M_{*} / M_{\\odot})= (4.7 \\pm 0.4) \\times [(\\log(V_{80}/\\rm{km\\ s^{-1}}) - 2.25] + 10.0 \\pm 0.3$,...
Chevin, Luis-Miguel; Martin, Guillaume; Lenormand, Thomas
2010-11-01
Genetic theories of adaptation generally overlook the genes in which beneficial substitutions occur, and the likely variation in their mutational effects. We investigate the consequences of heterogeneous mutational effects among loci on the genetics of adaptation. We use a generalization of Fisher's geometrical model, which assumes multivariate Gaussian stabilizing selection on multiple characters. In our model, mutation has a distinct variance-covariance matrix of phenotypic effects for each locus. Consequently, the distribution of selection coefficients s varies across loci. We assume each locus can only affect a limited number of independent linear combinations of phenotypic traits (restricted pleiotropy), which differ among loci, an effect we term "orientation heterogeneity." Restricted pleiotropy can sharply reduce the overall proportion of beneficial mutations. Orientation heterogeneity has little impact on the shape of the genomic distribution, but can substantially increase the probability of parallel evolution (the repeated fixation of beneficial mutations at the same gene in independent populations), which is highest with low pleiotropy. We also consider variation in the degree of pleiotropy and in the mean s across loci. The latter impacts the genomic distribution of s, but has a much milder effect on parallel evolution. We discuss these results in the light of evolution experiments. © 2010 The Author(s). Evolution© 2010 The Society for the Study of Evolution.
On the performance of Fisher Information Measure and Shannon entropy estimators
Telesca, Luciano; Lovallo, Michele
2017-10-01
The performance of two estimators of Fisher Information Measure (FIM) and Shannon entropy (SE), one based on the discretization of the FIM and SE formulae (discrete-based approach) and the other based on the kernel-based estimation of the probability density function (pdf) (kernel-based approach) is investigated. The two approaches are employed to estimate the FIM and SE of Gaussian processes (with different values of σ and size N), whose theoretic FIM and SE depend on the standard deviation σ. The FIM (SE) estimated by using the discrete-based approach is approximately constant with σ, but decreases (increases) with the bin number L; in particular, the discrete-based approach furnishes a rather correct estimation of FIM (SE) for L ∝ σ. Furthermore, for small values of σ, the larger the size N of the series, the smaller the mean relative error; while for large values of σ, the larger the size N of the series, the larger the mean relative error. The FIM (SE) estimated by using the kernel-based approach is very close to the theoretic value for any σ , and the mean relative error decreases with the increase of the length of the series. Comparing the results obtained using the discrete-based and kernel-based approaches, the estimates of FIM and SE by using the kernel-based approach are much closer to the theoretic values for any σ and any N and have to be preferred to the discrete-based estimates.
The analytic structure of conformal blocks and the generalized Wilson-Fisher fixed points
Gliozzi, Ferdinando; Guerrieri, Andrea L.; Petkou, Anastasios C.; Wen, Congkao
2017-04-01
We describe in detail the method used in our previous work arXiv:1611.10344 https://arxiv.org/abs/1611.10344 to study the Wilson-Fisher critical points nearby generalized free CFTs, exploiting the analytic structure of conformal blocks as functions of the conformal dimension of the exchanged operator. Our method is equivalent to the mechanism of conformal multiplet recombination set up by null states. We compute, to the first non-trivial order in the ɛ-expansion, the anomalous dimensions and the OPE coefficients of infinite classes of scalar local operators using just CFT data. We study single-scalar and O( N)-invariant theories, as well as theories with multiple deformations. When available we agree with older results, but we also produce a wealth of new ones. Unitarity and crossing symmetry are not used in our approach and we are able to apply our method to non-unitary theories as well. Some implications of our results for the study of the non-unitary theories containing partially conserved higher-spin currents are briefly mentioned.
Nakamura, O; Milvang-Jensen, B; Arimoto, N; Ikuta, C; Bamford, S P
2006-01-01
We have carried out spectroscopic observations in 4 cluster fields using Subaru's FOCAS multi-slit spectrograph and obtained spectra for 103 bright disk field and cluster galaxies at $0.06 \\le z \\le 1.20$. Seventy-seven of these show emission lines, and 33 provide reasonably-secure determinations of the galaxies' rotation velocity. The rotation velocities, luminosities, colours and emission-line properties of these galaxies are used to study the possible effects of the cluster environment on the star-formation history of the galaxies. Comparing the Tully-Fisher relations of cluster and field galaxies at similar reshifts we find no measurable difference in rest-frame $B$-band luminosity at a given rotation velocity (the formal difference is $0.18\\pm0.33 $mag). The colours of the cluster emission line galaxies are only marginally redder in rest-frame $B-V$ (by $0.06\\pm0.04 $mag) than the field galaxies in our sample. Taken at face value, these results seem to indicate that bright star-forming cluster spirals ar...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sobreira, F.; Rosenfeld, R. [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (IFT/UNESP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Inst. Fisica Teorica; Simoni, F. de; Costa, L.A.N. da; Gaia, M.A.G.; Ramos, B.; Ogando, R.; Makler, M. [Laboratorio Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia (LIneA), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)
2011-07-01
Full text: We study the cosmological constraints expected for the upcoming project Dark Energy Survey (DES) with the full functional form of the 2-point angular correlation function. The angular correlation function model applied in this work includes the effects of linear redshift-space distortion, photometric redshift errors (assumed to be Gaussian) and non-linearities prevenient from gravitational infall. The Fisher information matrix is constructed with the full covariance matrix, which takes the correlation between nearby redshift shells in a proper manner. The survey was sliced into 20 redshift shells in the range 0:4 {<=} z {<=} 1:40 with a variable angular scale in order to search only the scale around the signal from the baryon acoustic oscillation, therefore well within the validity of the non-linear model employed. We found that under those assumptions and with a flat {Lambda}CDM WMAP7 fiducial model, the DES will be able to constrain the dark energy equation of state parameter w with a precision of {approx} 20% and the cold dark matter with {approx} 11% when marginalizing over the other 25 parameters (bias is treated as a free parameter for each shell). When applying WMAP7 priors on {Omega}{sub baryon}, {Omega} c{sub dm}, n{sub s}, and HST priors on the Hubble parameter, w is constrained with {approx} 9% precision. This shows that the full shape of the angular correlation function with DES data will be a powerful probe to constrain cosmological parameters. (author)
Eigenpairs of Toeplitz and Disordered Toeplitz Matrices with a Fisher-Hartwig Symbol
Movassagh, Ramis; Kadanoff, Leo P.
2016-09-01
Toeplitz matrices have entries that are constant along diagonals. They model directed transport, are at the heart of correlation function calculations of the two-dimensional Ising model, and have applications in quantum information science. We derive their eigenvalues and eigenvectors when the symbol is singular Fisher-Hartwig. We then add diagonal disorder and study the resulting eigenpairs. We find that there is a "bulk" behavior that is well captured by second order perturbation theory of non-Hermitian matrices. The non-perturbative behavior is classified into two classes: Runaways type I leave the complex-valued spectrum and become completely real because of eigenvalue attraction. Runaways type II leave the bulk and move very rapidly in response to perturbations. These have high condition numbers and can be predicted. Localization of the eigenvectors are then quantified using entropies and inverse participation ratios. Eigenvectors corresponding to Runaways type II are most localized (i.e., super-exponential), whereas Runaways type I are less localized than the unperturbed counterparts and have most of their probability mass in the interior with algebraic decays. The results are corroborated by applying free probability theory and various other supporting numerical studies.
The Tully–Fisher Relations of the Eridanus Group of Galaxies
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
A. Omar; K. S. Dwarakanath
2006-03-01
The Tully–Fisher (TF) or the luminosity–linewidth relations of the galaxies in the Eridanus group are constructed using the HI rotation curves and the luminosities in the optical and in the near-infrared bands. The slopes of the TF relations (absolute magnitude log 2flat) are -8.6 ± 1.1, -10.0 ± 1.5, -10.7 ± 2.1, and -9.7 ± 1.3 in the R, J, H, and K bands respectively for galaxies having flat HI rotation curves. These values of the slopes are consistent with those obtained from studies of other groups and clusters. The scatter in the TF relations is in the range 0.5–1.1 mag in different bands. This scatter is considerably larger compared to those observed in other groups and clusters. It is suggested that the larger scatter in the TF relations for the Eridanus group is related to the loose structure of the group. If the TF relations are constructed using the baryonic mass (stellar + H${\\rm\\tiny I}$ + Helium mass) instead of the stellar luminosity, nearly identical slopes are obtained in the R and in the near-infrared bands. The baryonic TF (baryonic mass log 2flat) slope is in the range 3.5–4.1.
The Tully-Fisher Relation and Its Residuals for a Broadly Selected Sample of Galaxies
Pizagno, J; Weinberg, D H; Rix, H W; Pogge, R W; Grebel, E K; Harbeck, D; Blanton, M; Brinkmann, J; Gunn, J E; Pizagno, James; Prada, Francisco; Weinberg, David H.; Rix, Hans-Walter; Pogge, Richard W.; Grebel, Eva K.; Harbeck, Daniel; Blanton, Michael; Gunn, James E.
2006-01-01
We measure the relation between galaxy luminosity and disk circular velocity (the Tully-Fisher [TF] relation), in the g, r, i, and z-bands, for a broadly selected sample of galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, with the goal of providing well defined observational constraints for theoretical models of galaxy formation. The input sample of 234 galaxies has a roughly flat distribution of absolute magnitudes in the range -18.5 > Mr > -22, and our only morphological selection is an axis-ratio cut b/a < 0.6 to allow accurate inclination corrections. Long-slit spectroscopy yields usable H-alpha rotation curves for 170 galaxies. Observational errors, including distance errors due to peculiar velocities, are small compared to the intrinsic scatter of the TF relation. The slope of the forward TF relation steepens from -5.4 +/- 0.2 mag/log(km/s) in the g-band to -6.4 +/- 0.2 mag/log(km/s) in the z-band. The intrinsic scatter is approximately 0.4 mag in all bands. The scatter is not dominated by rare outliers o...