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Sample records for misans janis kleperis

  1. Five-dimensional Janis-Newman algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Erbin, Harold

    2014-01-01

    The Janis-Newman algorithm has been shown to be successful in finding new sta- tionary solutions of four-dimensional gravity. Attempts for a generalization to higher dimensions have already been found for the restricted cases with only one angular mo- mentum. In this paper we propose an extension of this algorithm to five dimensions with two angular momenta - using the prescription of G. Giampieri - through two specific examples, that are the Myers-Perry and BMPV black holes. We also discuss possible enlargements of our prescriptions to other dimensions and maximal number of angular momenta, and show how dimensions higher than six appear to be much more challenging to treat within this framework. Nonetheless this general algorithm provides a unification of the formulation in d = 3, 4, 5 of the Janis-Newman algorithm, from which which expose several examples including the BTZ black hole.

  2. Newman-Janis Ansatz in conformastatic spacetimes

    CERN Document Server

    Gutiérrez-Piñeres, Antonio C

    2016-01-01

    The Newman-Janis Ansatz was used first to obtain the stationary Kerr metric from the static Schwarzschild metric. Many works have been devoted to investigate the physical significance of this Ansatz, but no definite answer has been given so far. We show that this Ansatz can be applied in general to conformastatic vacuum metrics, and leads to stationary generalizations which, however, do not preserve the conformal symmetry. We investigate also the particular case when the seed solution is given by the Schwarzschild spacetime and show that the resulting rotating configuration does not correspond to a vacuum solution, even in the limiting case of slow rotation. In fact, it describes in general a relativistic fluid with anisotropic pressure and heat flux. This implies that the Newman-Janis Ansatz strongly depends on the choice of representation for the seed solution. We interpret this result as as a further indication of its applicability limitations.

  3. Newman-Janis Ansatz in conformastatic spacetimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez-Piñeres, Antonio C.; Quevedo, Hernando

    2016-11-01

    The Newman-Janis Ansatz was used first to obtain the stationary Kerr metric from the static Schwarzschild metric. Many works have been devoted to investigate the physical significance of this Ansatz, but no definite answer has been given so far. We show that this Ansatz can be applied in general to conformastatic vacuum metrics, and leads to stationary generalizations which, however, do not preserve the conformal symmetry. We investigate also the particular case when the seed solution is given by the Schwarzschild spacetime and show that the resulting rotating configuration does not correspond to a vacuum solution, even in the limiting case of slow rotation. In fact, it describes in general a relativistic fluid with anisotropic pressure and heat flux. This implies that the Newman-Janis Ansatz strongly depends on the choice of representation for the seed solution. We interpret this result as a further indication of its applicability limitations.

  4. Complex Spacetimes and the Newman-Janis trick

    CERN Document Server

    Nawarajan, Deloshan

    2016-01-01

    In this MSc thesis, we explore the subject of complex spacetimes, in which the mathematical theory of complex manifolds gets modified for application to General Relativity. We will also explore the mysterious Newman-Janis trick, which is an elementary and quite short method to obtain the Kerr black hole from the Schwarzschild black hole through the use of complex variables. This exposition will cover variations of the Newman-Janis trick, partial explanations, as well as original contributions

  5. JANIS: NEA JAva-based Nuclear Data Information System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soppera Nicolas

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available JANIS (JAva-based Nuclear Data Information System software is developed by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA Data Bank to facilitate the visualization and manipulation of nuclear data, giving access to evaluated nuclear data libraries, such as ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, TENDL etc., and also to experimental nuclear data (EXFOR and bibliographical references (CINDA. It is available as a standalone Java program, downloadable and distributed on DVD and also a web application available on the NEA website. One of the main new features in JANIS is the scripting capability via command line, which notably automatizes plots generation and permits automatically extracting data from the JANIS database. Recent NEA software developments rely on these JANIS features to access nuclear data, for example the Nuclear Data Sensitivity Tool (NDaST makes use of covariance data in BOXER and COVERX formats, which are retrieved from the JANIS database. New features added in this version of the JANIS software are described along this paper with some examples.

  6. Deciphering and generalizing Demia\\'nski-Janis-Newman algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Erbin, Harold

    2014-01-01

    Demia\\'nski have shown that the Janis-Newman algorithm can be generalized in order to include a NUT charge and another parameter $c$, in addition to the angular momentum, in the case of vanishing cosmological constant. Moreover he proved that only a NUT charge can be added for non-vanishing cosmological constant. But despite the fact that he obtains the form of the coordinate transformation, he did not explain how to perform the complexification on the metric function, and the procedure does not follow directly from usual Janis-Newman rules. The goal of our paper is threefold: explaining the hidden assumptions of Demia\\'nski analysis, generalizing the computations to topological horizons (spherical and hyperbolic) and to charged solutions, and finally explaining how to perform the complexification of the function. These different results open the door to applications on (gauged) supergravity since they allow for a systematic application of the Demia\\'nski-Janis-Newman algorithm.

  7. Group Dynamics in Janis's Theory of Groupthink: Backward and Forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCauley

    1998-02-01

    Janis's groupthink theory is an appealing explanation of how group process can get in the way of optimal decision making. Unfortunately, Janis was selective and not always consistent in his application of research in group dynamics. This paper traces groupthink to its theoretical roots in order to suggest how a broader and more consistent use of research in group dynamics can advance understanding of decision-making problems. In particular, the paper explores and reinterprets the groupthink prediction that poor decision making is most likely when group cohesion is based on the personal attractiveness of group members. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  8. Janis-Newman algorithm for supergravity black holes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erbin, Harold [Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7589, LPTHE, Paris (France); CNRS, UMR 7589, LPTHE, Paris (France)

    2016-04-15

    We summarize the recent generalization of the Janis-Newman algorithm in view of its application to (gauged) supergravity. In particular this includes an extension of the algorithm to gauge fields and complex scalar fields, to topological horizons, to dyonic and NUT charges. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  9. Cartesian Kerr-Schild variation on the Newman-Janis ansatz

    CERN Document Server

    Nawarajan, Deloshan

    2016-01-01

    The Newman-Janis ansatz is a procedure (an "ansatz" or "trick") for obtaining the Kerr spacetime from the Schwarzschild spacetime. This 50 year old "trick" continues to generate heated discussion and debate even to this day. Most of the debate focusses on whether the Newman-Janis procedure can be upgraded to the status of an "algorithm", or if it is perhaps merely an inspired "ansatz", or possibly just a random "trick" of no deep physical significance. (That the Newman-Janis procedure very quickly led to the discovery of the Kerr-Newman spacetime is a point very much in its favour.) In the current article we will not answer these deeper questions, we shall instead present a much simpler alternative variation on the theme of the Newman-Janis ansatz that might be easier to work with. We shall present a 2-step version of the Newman-Janis trick that works directly with the Kerr-Schild "Cartesian" metric presentation of the Kerr spacetime. That is, we show how the original 4-step Newman--Janis procedure can, (usin...

  10. Acceleration of particles in Janis-Newman-Winicour singularities

    CERN Document Server

    Patil, Mandar

    2011-01-01

    We examine here the acceleration of particles and high energy collisions in the the Janis-Newman- Winicour (JNW) spacetime, which is an extension of the Schwarzschild geometry when a massless scalar field is included. We show that while the center of mass energy of collisions of particles near the event horizon of a blackhole is not significantly larger than the rest mass of the interacting particles, in an analogous situation, it could be arbitrarily large in the JNWspacetime near the naked singularity. The high energy collisions are seen to be generic in the presence of a photon sphere in the JNW spacetime, whereas an extreme fine-tuning of the angular momentum of the colliding particles is required when the photon sphere is absent. The center of mass energy of collision near the singularity grows slowly for small and extremely large deviations from the Schwarzschild blackhole, but for intermediate strengths of the scalar field it rises moderately fast. As a possible and potentially interesting application,...

  11. Supergravity, complex parameters and the Janis-Newman algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Erbin, Harold

    2015-01-01

    The Demia\\'nski-Janis-Newman algorithm is an original solution generating technique. For a long time it has been limited to producing rotating solutions, restricting to the case of a metric and real scalar fields, despite the fact that Demia\\'nski extended it to include more parameters such as a NUT charge. Recently two independent prescriptions have been given for extending the algorithm to gauge fields and thus electrically charged configurations. In this paper we aim to end setting up the algorithm by providing a missing but important piece, which is how the transformation is applied to complex scalar fields. We illustrate our proposal through several examples taken from N=2 supergravity, including the stationary BPS solutions from Behrndt et al. and Sen's axion-dilaton rotating black hole. Moreover we discuss solutions that include pairs of complex parameters, such as the mass and the NUT charge, or the electric and magnetic charges, and we explain how to perform the algorithm in this context (with the ex...

  12. Deconstructing Stereotypes : Ed Bullins' the Taking of Miss Janie = Ed Bullins'in

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Çiğdem Pala MULL

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available African-American playwright Ed Bullins is one of the most significant figures to emerge from the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s. His 1975 play The Taking of Miss Janie is a dramatic portrait of the specific events and ideas that created the 1960s, and their impact on the individual consciousnesses of the characters. The play brings into the foreground many issues related to race and ethnicity in America. Even though the general tone of The Taking of Miss Janie is one of violence and gloom, this reading focuses on those moments where love and human affection outshine the sense of destruction predominant in the play.

  13. Janie Porter Barrett (1865-1948): Exemplary African American Correctional Educator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muth, Bill; Gehring, Thom; Puffer, Margaret; Mayers, Camille; Kamusikiri, Sandra; Pressley, Glenda

    2009-01-01

    One problem with the literature of correctional education (CE) and prison reform is that the contributions of African Americans have been generally neglected. This is the first of three essays that will begin to fill that gap. Janie Porter Barrett was an important Virginia leader in the period before and after the turn of the 20th century. She…

  14. Revision of Aspergillus section Flavipedes: seven new species and proposal of section Jani sect. nov.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubka, Vit; Nováková, Alena; Kolařík, Miroslav; Jurjević, Željko; Peterson, Stephen W

    2015-01-01

    Aspergillus section Flavipedes contains species found worldwide in soils and rhizospheres, indoor and cave environments, as endophytes, food contaminants and occasionally as human pathogens. They produce many extensively studied bioactive secondary metabolites and biotechnologically relevant enzymes. The taxa were revised based on phylogenetic analysis of sequences from four loci (β-tubulin, calmodulin, RPB2, ITS rDNA), two PCR fingerprinting methods, micro- and macromorphology and physiology. Section Flavipedes includes three known and seven new species: A. ardalensis, A. frequens, A. luppii, A. mangaliensis, A. movilensis, A. polyporicola and A. spelaeus. The name A. neoflavipes was proposed for Fennellia flavipes a distinct species from its supposed asexual state A. flavipes. Aspergillus iizukae, A. frequens and A. mangaliensis are the most common and widely distributed species, whereas A. flavipes s. str. is rare. A dichotomous key based on the combination of morphology and physiology is provided for all recognized species. Aspergillus section Jani is established to contain A. janus and A. brevijanus, species previously classified as members of sect. Versicolores, Terrei or Flavipedes. This new section is strongly supported by phylogenetic data and morphology. Section Jani species produce three types of conidiophores and conidia, and colonies have green and white sectors making them distinctive. Accessory conidia found in pathogenic A. terreus were found in all members of sects. Flavipedes and Jani. Our data indicated that A. frequens is a clinically relevant and produces accessory conidia during infection.

  15. Defining interdisciplinarity and indentifying Research directions in Jani Christou’s Strychnine lady

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    Maria Yerosimou

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Jani Christou was a major Greek composer, whose unusual, yet promising career was brought to an end after his untimely death in 1970 at the age of 44. His challenging and speculative output has intrigued generation of young music scholars; however, J. Christou’s work remains imperfectly and only patchily known and understood, especially outside Greece. This is partly because of the interdisciplinary nature of his late works which reduces the possibility of potential researchers who will academically establish J. Christou’s distinguished output. The aim of the present paper is to present and analyse parts of Strychnine Lady, a work composed in 1967 in order to propose research directions in an effort to confirm J. Christou’s posthumous reputation.

  16. Recasting Janis's Groupthink Model: The Key Role of Collective Efficacy in Decision Fiascoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whyte

    1998-02-01

    This paper advances an explanation for decision fiascoes that reflects recent theoretical trends and was developed in response to a growing body of research that has failed to substantiate the groupthink model (Janis, 1982). In this new framework, the lack of vigilance and preference for risk that characterizes groups contaminated by groupthink are attributed in large part to perceptions of collective efficacy that unduly exceed capability. High collective efficacy may also contribute to the negative framing of decisions and to certain administrative and structural organizational faults. In the making of critical decisions, these factors induce a preference for risk and a powerful concurrence seeking tendency that, facilitated by group polarization, crystallize around a decision option that is likely to fail. Implications for research and some evidence in support of this approach to the groupthink phenomenon are also discussed. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  17. La significación simbólica de los personajes en El Amante de Janis Joplin

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    Ricardo Antonio Yáñez Félix

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dentro de la vasta producción literaria de Élmer Mendoza Valenzuela encontra - mos una novela titulada El Amante de Janis Joplin , en la cual se conjugan los aspec - tos temáticos y formales inscritos en sus textos que expresan la realidad del México contemporáneo, como son los campos del crimen organizado, el deporte, el mundo artístico y el político; que desdoblados en formaciones discursivas tratan el proble - ma de la identidad nacional, teniendo como interdiscurso un objeto cultural inscri - to en el mundo del narcotráfico. Así, lo que pretende esta reflexión es enriquecer el análisis y la interpretación de la novela en comento, al dar cuenta de la significación simbólica representada en la historia de la narración y en sus personajes lo que nos pone en disposición de analizar los formantes del discurso de la novela. De esta forma, sostenemos que la estructura profunda del texto no solo habría de buscarse en su composición estructural y estilística, sino también en la respuesta que ofrece su representación simbólica a una serie de preocupaciones de orden antropológico, lo que da cuenta del sentido mítico-narrativo de la novela, lo cual nos advierte ya sobre el valor estético del texto en cuestión a partir de los elementos que integran su hermeneusis simbólica.

  18. Narcocultura y crisis de la identidad en «El amante de Janis Joplin», de Élmer Mendoza

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar Quintana, Luis Carlos; Yáñez Félix, Ricardo Antonio

    2017-01-01

    A través del presente estudio se busca interpretar las formaciones discursivas inscritas en la novela de Élmer Mendoza, El amante de Janis Joplin (2001), como trasunto de la identidad colectiva alrededor del fenómeno de la narcocultura. Para ello, nos serviremos de la reflexión foucaultiana, sobre los aspectos que comporta el proceso de gestación del discurso como eje heurístico sobre el que se constituyen los saberes del imaginario social inscritos en el texto.

  19. Vennaskalmistu Riias / Janis Lejnieks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lejnieks, Janis

    1998-01-01

    Vennaskalmistu loomisest, kujundusest. Kalmistu väljaehitamine kestis 1915-1936. Maastikualast kujundamist juhendas aiandusarhitekt A. Zeidaks (1874-1964), ansambli projekteeris (1923-1936) skulptor K. Zale (1888-1942). Tööd juhendas 1924. aastast arhitektuuriakadeemik P. Feders (1869-1936). 1990. aastatel asuti kalmistut renoveerima arhitekt R. Aide juhendamisel

  20. Vennaskalmistu Riias / Janis Lejnieks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lejnieks, Janis

    1998-01-01

    Vennaskalmistu loomisest, kujundusest. Kalmistu väljaehitamine kestis 1915-1936. Maastikualast kujundamist juhendas aiandusarhitekt A. Zeidaks (1874-1964), ansambli projekteeris (1923-1936) skulptor K. Zale (1888-1942). Tööd juhendas 1924. aastast arhitektuuriakadeemik P. Feders (1869-1936). 1990. aastatel asuti kalmistut renoveerima arhitekt R. Aide juhendamisel

  1. Janis Huston Audin, MSc, DVM,1950-2009. Dynamic editor-in-chief of the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association and strong One Health advocate dies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Kaplan, DVM

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Dr Janis H. Audin (MSc Illinois 1975, DVM Illinois 1979, a champion of progressive veterinary medical journalism and ‘One Health’ died on 22 April 2009 following a long, courageous and difficult battle with pancreatic cancer. The world has lost a truly significant One Health leader and advocate. Under her guidance, the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA implemented a ‘one-health wonders’ column that recognised and highlighted prominent One Health individuals among the medical and veterinary medical professions in the United States. The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA has lost a dedicated and gifted editor-in-chief.Dr Audin joined the editorial staff of the AVMA in 1985, as an assistant editor and was promoted to associate editor in 1989 and editor in 1994. She became the editor-in-chief of both the JAVMA and the American Journal of Veterinary Research in 1995. Prior to that, Dr Audin practised as an associate veterinarian in Calumet City, Illinois, for four years.During her tenure, Dr Audin was noted for implementing procedural and technological changes in the journal to reduce costs, improve timeliness of publications and promote readership interest and awareness. New features in the News section introduced under her leadership have made the journals more practical and public health-relevant. For instance, Dr Audin fostered the United States Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA-FSIS ‘Inspection Insights’ - a public health-oriented food safety monthly column related to meat, poultry and egg products - from 1996 through 1998. She also increased international manuscript submissions.On 23 March 2009 AVMA Executive Vice President Dr W. Ron DeHaven named Dr Audin as editor-in-chief emeritus of the Publications Division. Wisely, it also meant that Dr Audin could continue contributing to the staff effort to ensure the high quality of the AVMA scientific journals

  2. No more autodidacts? / Janis Vanags

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vanags, Jānis, 1958-

    2005-01-01

    Läti CV-Online'i kommunikatsiooni ja turunduse juhi arvates peavad marketingi, ärijuhtimise ning kommunikatsiooni alale tööle pürgijad kindlasti omama vastavat akadeemilist väljaõpet. Teiseks määravaks faktoriks kandidaatidele on kliendikesksus

  3. Outsourcing is the Solution / Janis Berzins

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berzins, Janis

    2011-01-01

    Autor leiab, et Läti poliitikute arusaam neoliberalismist on vale ja et Läti on nõrk riik, kuna ei suuda enam ise majandust ja julgeolekut kontrollida. Autor toob näiteid ja märgib, et riik võiks ka haldusjuhtimise ja juriidilise poolega seotud teenused Rootsi, Saksamaa või EL-i käest sisse osta

  4. Outsourcing is the Solution / Janis Berzins

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berzins, Janis

    2011-01-01

    Autor leiab, et Läti poliitikute arusaam neoliberalismist on vale ja et Läti on nõrk riik, kuna ei suuda enam ise majandust ja julgeolekut kontrollida. Autor toob näiteid ja märgib, et riik võiks ka haldusjuhtimise ja juriidilise poolega seotud teenused Rootsi, Saksamaa või EL-i käest sisse osta

  5. Kui langust oodata, siis see tuleb / Janis Springis

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    Springis, Janis

    2007-01-01

    Tsüklilises majanduses toimuvad sündmused seetõttu, et neid on ette ennustatud. Pärast majandusbuumi lõppu tuleks kapitalikaupade ja tootmisvahenditega varustada buumi ajal unarusse jäänud majandussektoreid, inimesed peaksid oma tarbimist piirama. Autori arvamus

  6. Taiplikkus kui konkurentsivõime kapital / Janis Springis

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    Springis, Janis

    2008-01-01

    Autori hinnangul tuleb Eesti ettevõtetel üha suurenevate tööjõukuludega toimetulekuks ning konkurentsivõime säilitamiseks keskenduda oma kaubamärkide kohandamisele ja arendamisele. Üldises plaanis võivad Eestile edu tuua inimeste loovusele ja taiplikkusele rajatud majandusharud

  7. "Meaning" and "context" in the language of architecture / Janis Taurens

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taurens, Janis

    2008-01-01

    Arhitektuuri tähenduse filosoofilisest interpretatsioonist, keelefilosoofia teooriate rakendamisest arhitektuuri kui keele mudelil, arhitektuurisemantikast, arhitektuuriteooria analüüsist keelefilosoofia vahenditega

  8. Latvia and the Potyomkin Villages' Paradox / Janis Berzins

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berzins, Janis

    2011-01-01

    Läti probleem seisneb selles, et poliitikud ja riigiametnikud ei puutu reaalse eluga kokku. Autor ei usu peaminister Valdis Dombrovskise väidet, et Läti täidab Maastrichti kriteeriumid 2012. aastal, kuna inflatsioon on kontrolli all, majanduse struktuur on muutunud ja eksport on edasiviiv jõud

  9. Latvia and the Potyomkin Villages' Paradox / Janis Berzins

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berzins, Janis

    2011-01-01

    Läti probleem seisneb selles, et poliitikud ja riigiametnikud ei puutu reaalse eluga kokku. Autor ei usu peaminister Valdis Dombrovskise väidet, et Läti täidab Maastrichti kriteeriumid 2012. aastal, kuna inflatsioon on kontrolli all, majanduse struktuur on muutunud ja eksport on edasiviiv jõud

  10. Soneva揭幕全新度假村Soneva Jani

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    马尔代夫知名生态度假村Soneva日前揭幕了其最新的度假村物业Soneva Jani(索尼娃贾尼,梵文意为"睿智")。该度假村将于10月正式开业,届时,24座水上别墅及一座海岛别墅将迎接宾客入住,其余的海岛别墅尚在筹建中。度假村位于风景秀丽的Medhufaru岛上,为马尔代夫诺鲁环礁(Noonu Atoll)四座未经开发的群岛所环绕,亮点是周围5.6平方公里的环礁湖,水清沙幼,更可以360度全方位环视印度洋。主岛热带植被繁茂,

  11. "Meaning" and "context" in the language of architecture / Janis Taurens

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taurens, Janis

    2008-01-01

    Arhitektuuri tähenduse filosoofilisest interpretatsioonist, keelefilosoofia teooriate rakendamisest arhitektuuri kui keele mudelil, arhitektuurisemantikast, arhitektuuriteooria analüüsist keelefilosoofia vahenditega

  12. Privatization in Latvia : Drawing to a Close / Janis Pocs, Ugis Poes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pocs, Janis

    2000-01-01

    Erastamine Lätis: eesmärgid, protsess ja järeldused. Diagrammid: era- ja riigisektor; tööhõive era- ja riigisektoris; ettevõtete erastamine erinevates valdkondades nii era- kui riigisektoris; korterite erastamine; maa erastamine

  13. Neo-liberal populism and the state. Who is really rational? / Janis Berzins

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berzins, Janis

    2011-01-01

    Autor leiab, et Rahvapartei valitsuse ajal on Läti majandus kasvanud, kuid ei ole arenenud. Samuti arvab ta, et ei saa öelda, et majanduskriisis on süüdi ainult erasektor, nagu seda väidab viimaseid parlamendivalimisi võitnud Rahvapartei

  14. Riskide analüüs aitab kriisi puhuks varusid planeerida / Janis Toomla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomla, Janis

    2005-01-01

    Riskide hindamisele järgnevast organisatsiooni jätkusuutlikkuse planeerimise faasist, kus toimub kriisistsenaariumide analüüs, võimalike kahjude suuruse hindamine ja taasteaja määratlemine (Business Impact Analyse)

  15. Riskide analüüs aitab kriisi puhuks varusid planeerida / Janis Toomla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomla, Janis

    2005-01-01

    Riskide hindamisele järgnevast organisatsiooni jätkusuutlikkuse planeerimise faasist, kus toimub kriisistsenaariumide analüüs, võimalike kahjude suuruse hindamine ja taasteaja määratlemine (Business Impact Analyse)

  16. Hõrk väljakutse / Janis Kalnacs ; tõlk. Valli Helde

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    Kalnacs, Janis

    2000-01-01

    Läti maalikunstnikust Karlis Padegsist, tema loomingust ja kohast läti kunstis. Tema kaasaegne kunstnik Kurts Fridrihsons K. Padegsist. K. Padegsi joonistuste lähedusest Wiiralti 1920. aastate töödega. Tõlkija vabandus, Sirp, 2000, 15. dets., lk. 9

  17. Privatization in Latvia : Drawing to a Close / Janis Pocs, Ugis Poes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pocs, Janis

    2000-01-01

    Erastamine Lätis: eesmärgid, protsess ja järeldused. Diagrammid: era- ja riigisektor; tööhõive era- ja riigisektoris; ettevõtete erastamine erinevates valdkondades nii era- kui riigisektoris; korterite erastamine; maa erastamine

  18. Neo-liberal populism and the state. Who is really rational? / Janis Berzins

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berzins, Janis

    2011-01-01

    Autor leiab, et Rahvapartei valitsuse ajal on Läti majandus kasvanud, kuid ei ole arenenud. Samuti arvab ta, et ei saa öelda, et majanduskriisis on süüdi ainult erasektor, nagu seda väidab viimaseid parlamendivalimisi võitnud Rahvapartei

  19. Risk Factors for Nosocomial Infection in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit by the Japanese Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (JANIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakayama,Hideki

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated the infection risks in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU using data of NICU infection surveillance data. The subjects were 871 NICU babies, consisting of 465 boys and 406 girls, who were cared for between June 2002 and January 2003 in 7 medical institutions that employed NICU infection surveillance. Infections were defined according to the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS System. Of the 58 babies with nosocomial infections, 15 had methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA infection. Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the odds ratio for nosocomial infections was significantly related to gender, birth weight and the insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC. When the birth weight group of more than 1, 500g was regarded as the reference, the odds ratio was 2.35 in the birth weight group of 1,000-1,499g and 8.82 in the birth weight group of less than 1,000g. The odds ratio of the CVC ( for nosocomial infection was 2.27. However, other devices including artificial ventilation, umbilical artery catheter, umbilical venous catheter, and urinary catheter were not significant risk factors. The incidence of MRSA infection rapidly increased from 0.3% in the birth weight group of more than 1,500g to 2.1% in the birth weight group of 1,000-1,499g, and to 11.1% in the birth weight group of less than 1,000g. When the birth weight group of more than 1,500g was regarded as the reference, multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the odds ratio was 7.25 in the birth weight group of 1,000-1,499g and 42.88 in the birth weight group of less than 1,000g. These odds ratios were significantly higher than that in the reference group. However, the application of devices did not cause any significant differences in the odds ratio for MRSA infection.

  20. Risk factors for nosocomial infection in the neonatal intensive care unit by the Japanese Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (JANIS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babazono, Akira; Kitajima, Hiroyuki; Nishimaki, Shigeru; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Shiga, Seigo; Hayakawa, Masahiro; Tanaka, Tahei; Sato, Kazuo; Nakayama, Hideki; Ibara, Satoshi; Une, Hiroshi; Doi, Hiroyuki

    2008-08-01

    We evaluated the infection risks in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) using data of NICU infection surveillance data. The subjects were 871 NICU babies, consisting of 465 boys and 406 girls, who were cared for between June 2002 and January 2003 in 7 medical institutions that employed NICU infection surveillance. Infections were defined according to the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) System. Of the 58 babies with nosocomial infections, 15 had methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the odds ratio for nosocomial infections was significantly related to gender, birth weight and the insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC). When the birth weight group of more than 1, 500 g was regarded as the reference, the odds ratio was 2.35 in the birth weight group of 1,000-1,499 g and 8.82 in the birth weight group of less than 1,000g. The odds ratio of the CVC (+) for nosocomial infection was 2.27. However, other devices including artificial ventilation, umbilical artery catheter, umbilical venous catheter, and urinary catheter were not significant risk factors. The incidence of MRSA infection rapidly increased from 0.3% in the birth weight group of more than 1,500 g to 2.1% in the birth weight group of 1,000-1,499 g, and to 11.1% in the birth weight group of less than 1,000g. When the birth weight group of more than 1,500 g was regarded as the reference, multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the odds ratio was 7.25 in the birth weight group of 1,000-1,499 g and 42.88 in the birth weight group of less than 1,000g. These odds ratios were significantly higher than that in the reference group. However, the application of devices did not cause any significant differences in the odds ratio for MRSA infection.

  1. Job characteristics, work-nonwork interference and the role of recovery strategies among employees in a tertiary institution / Jani Oosthuizen

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The tertiary education environment has become known for its stressful working conditions. Factors such as high work demands (i.e. work overload, excessive time demands and work pressure) and insufficient resources (i.e. limited developmental possibilities, poor performance feedback, lack of support, etc.) all contribute to these stressful circumstances. As a result, these circumstances can cause employees to experience negative interferences between their work and nonwork roles...

  2. Võitlus Stolichnaya viina pärast viib Läti pealinna Riiga / Mikk Salu, Janis Bagatais

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    USA kohus lubab Latvijas Balzamsil jätkata Stolichnaya viina tootmist. Vene ärimees Rustam Tariko süüdistab firmat Pernod Ricard viina Läti päritolu varjamises. Lisad: Pernod Ricard; Eesti müügil kaks Stolichnayat

  3. 57. Baltisches Historikertreffen : vom 5. bis 6. Juni 2004 in Göttingen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    57. balti ajaloolaste kohtumisel 5.-6. juunini 2004 esinesid ettekannetega Erki Tammiksaar, Tiit Rosenberg, Olaf Mertelsmann, Klaus Neitmann, Matthias Thumsen, Ilgvars Misans, Henrik Bolte, Thomas Brück, Juhan Kreem, Dieter Heckmann, Stefan Hartmann. Ettekannete kokkuvõtted

  4. 75 FR 20870 - Data Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... enhance the quality of the collection, to Janis Ackerman, Financial Analyst, Office of Microloan, Small...: Janis Ackerman, Financial Analyst, Office of Microloan, 202-205-7798 janis.ackerman@sba.gov Curtis...

  5. Comments on Janie Rees-Miller's "A Critical Appraisal of Learning Training: Theoretical Bases and Teaching Implications." Two Readers React... [and] The Author Responds...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamot, Anna Uhl; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Two researchers respond to a previous "TESOL Quarterly" article that assessed the state of the art of research and classroom applications of learning strategies, and the author of the article responds to those comments. (71 references) (JL)

  6. The choice of nature-Interview with Janie Wong, Marketing & Communication Manager-Asia Pacific Cargill Health & Nutrition%天然的选择——访嘉吉健康与营养部门亚太区市场经理 Janie Wong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛牧

    2009-01-01

    @@ 消费者的生活习惯,尤其是饮食习惯正在不断发生着改变,作为食品企业,需要不断调整自己的产品使之满足消费者对于美味、创新、方便以及健康的多种需求.

  7. OLD SCHOOL LINGUISTICS MADE NEW— REVIEW OF Contemporary Linguistics: An Introduction. 5th ed. By William O’Grady, John Archibald, Mark Arnoff, and Janie Rees-Miller. New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2005. Pp. xxvi + 684.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Wen-chao Li

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Amidst the recent explosion of interest in linguistic science and the subsequent publication of large numbers of introductory works on the subject, O'Grady et al.'s Contemporary Linguistics (5th ed. stands out as a solid general purpose primer directed at an academic audience. Written by some eighteen contributors specializing in each of the seventeen branches of linguistics covered, topics are judiciously chosen while drawing on current scholarship and integrating different theoretical persuasions, without losing sight of the book's target readership. The result is an up-to-date text balanced in its treatment of subject matter and perspectives--a work that lives up to its moniker of "Contemporary" Linguistics.

  8. Rozvíjanie problému telesnosti. Merleau-Ponty, Patočka a Barbaras (Corporeality Problem Elaboration: Merleau-Ponty, Patočka, and Barbaras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Hroncová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available There are two main approaches to our corporeality. One is associated with meaning of our body as facility. Our body provides us possibility of perception, ability of movements and potentiality of perspectives. Another view understands us as corporeal being. The body is manifestation of us in concrete situations. Both meanings of body are connected with lived body and this is our starting-point. The article shows corporeality in our everyday life, how we perceive it and how we experience it.

  9. Tests of modulated intensity small angle scattering in time of flight mode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brandl, G. [Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstr. 1, 85747 Garching (Germany); Physik Department E21, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Str., 85747 Garching (Germany); Lal, J. [Argonne National Laboratory, Materials Science Division, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Carpenter, J. [Argonne National Laboratory, Materials Science Division, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6477 (United States); Crow, L.; Robertson, L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6477 (United States); Georgii, R., E-mail: Robert.Georgii@frm2.tum.de [Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstr. 1, 85747 Garching (Germany); Physik Department E21, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Str., 85747 Garching (Germany); Boeni, P. [Physik Department E21, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Str., 85747 Garching (Germany); Bleuel, M. [Technical University of Delft, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands)

    2012-03-01

    We report results of tests of the MISANS technique at the CG-1D beamline at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). A chopper at 40 Hz simulated a pulsed neutron source at the beamline. A compact turn-key MISANS module operating with the pulsed beam was installed and a well characterized MnSi sample was tested. The feasibility of application of high magnetic fields at the sample position was also explored. These tests demonstrate the great potential of this technique, in particular for examining magnetic and depolarizing samples, under extreme sample environments at pulsed sources, such as the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) or the planned European Spallation Source (ESS).

  10. Tests of Modulated Intensity Small Angle Scattering in time of flight mode

    CERN Document Server

    Brandl, G; Carpenter, J; Crow, L; Robertson, L; Georgii, R; Böni, P; Bleuel, M

    2011-01-01

    We report results of tests of the MISANS technique at the CG-1D beamline at High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). A chopper at 40 Hz simulated a pulsed neutron source at the beamline. A compact turn-key MISANS module operating with the pulsed beam was installed and a well characterised MnSi sample was tested. The feasibility of application of high magnetic fields at the sample position was also explored. These tests demonstrate the great potential of this technique, in particular for examining magnetic and depolarizing samples, under extreme sample environments at pulsed sources, such as the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) or the planned European Spallation Source (ESS).

  11. Biological Approach to System Information Security (BASIS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-12-01

    Detection System,” IEEE Network, January/February 1996, pp. 20-23. Section IV [1] Immunology Second Edition, Janis Kuby , W.H. Freeman and...34, Springer-Verlag, 1999 Section V [1] Immunology Second Edition, Janis Kuby , W.H. Freeman and Company, New York, 1994 [2] RFC 793

  12. Latvian education's uneasy course / Ben Nimmo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nimmo, Ben

    2005-01-01

    Läti Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumi andmetel õppis 2004.-2005. õppeaastal 55 protsenti Läti üliõpilastest ärinduse, õiguse ja majandusega seotud erialasid. Haridusministeeriumi kõrghariduse osakonna juhataja Janis Cakste ja Läti Kaubandus- ja Tööstuskoja tegevdirektor Janis Leja annavad ülevaate sellise olukorra põhjustest ning selgitavad insenerierialade populariseerimise vajadust

  13. Expanding the Black Woman's Horizon: Picking From a Higher Bush ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Expanding the Black Woman's Horizon: Picking From a Higher Bush Motif in Zora ... While bringing up Janie, Nanny overprotects her and shields her from the ... In her quest, Janie discovers that it is not comfort or money that brings about love ...

  14. Latvian education's uneasy course / Ben Nimmo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nimmo, Ben

    2005-01-01

    Läti Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumi andmetel õppis 2004.-2005. õppeaastal 55 protsenti Läti üliõpilastest ärinduse, õiguse ja majandusega seotud erialasid. Haridusministeeriumi kõrghariduse osakonna juhataja Janis Cakste ja Läti Kaubandus- ja Tööstuskoja tegevdirektor Janis Leja annavad ülevaate sellise olukorra põhjustest ning selgitavad insenerierialade populariseerimise vajadust

  15. Use Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science for Comprehensive Citation Tracking. A review of: Bakkalbasi, Nisa, Kathleen Bauer, Janis Glover and Lei Wang. “Three Options for Citation Tracking: Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science.” Biomedical Digital Libraries 3.7 (2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorie A. Kloda

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine whether three competing citation tracking services result in differing citation counts for a known set of articles, and to assess the extent of any differences.Design – Citation analysis, observational study.Setting – Three citation tracking databases: Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science. Subjects – Citations from eleven journals each from the disciplines of oncology and condensed matter physics for the years 1993 and 2003.Methods – The researchers selected eleven journals each from the list of journals from Journal Citation Reports 2004 for the categories “Oncology” and “Condensed Matter Physics” using a systematic sampling technique to ensure journals with vary ingimpact factors were included. All references from these 22 journals were retrieved for the years 1993 and 2003 by searching three databases: Web of Science, INSPEC, and PubMed. Only research articles were included for the purpose of the study. From these, a stratified random sample was created to proportionally represent the content of each journal (oncology 1993: 234 references, 2003: 259 references; condensed matter physics 1993: 358 references, 2003: 364 references. In November of 2005, citations counts were obtained for all articles from Web of Science, Scopus and GoogleScholar. Due to the small sample size and skewed distribution of data, non‐parametric tests were conducted to determine whether significant differences existed between sets.Main Results – For 1993, mean citation counts were highest in Web of Science for both oncology (mean = 45.3, SD = 77.4 and condensed matter physics (mean = 22.5, SD= 32.5. For 2003, mean citation counts were higher in Scopus for oncology (mean = 8.9,SD = 12.0, and in Web of Science for condensed matter physics (mean = 3.0, SD =4.0. There was not enough data for the set of citations from Scopus for condensed matter physics for 1993 and it was therefore excluded from analysis. A Friedman test to measure for differences between all remaining groups suggested a significant difference existed, and so pairwise post‐hoc comparisons were performed. The Wilcoxon Signed Ranked tests demonstrated significant differences “in citation counts between all pairs (p Conclusion – The study does not confirm the authors’ hypothesis that differing scholarly coverage would result in different citation counts from the three databases. While there were significant differences in mean citation rates between all pairs of databases except for Google Scholar and Scopus in condensed matter physics for 2003, no one database performed better overall. Different databases performed better for different subjects, as well as for different years, especially Scopus, which only includes references starting in 1996. The results of this study suggest that the best citation database will depend on the years being searched as well as the subject area. For a complete picture of citation behaviour, the authors suggest all three be used.

  16. Young PM candidate harsh criticism / Talis Saule Archdeacon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Archdeacon, Talis Saule

    2007-01-01

    Läti Rahvaerakonna peaministrikandidaati Edgars Zalansit süüdistatakse kogemuste puudumises. Edgars Zalans ei kavatse osaleda tuntud teleajakirjaniku Janis Dombursi saates "Mis toimub Lätis?". Teised kandidaadid peaministri kohale

  17. Veljo Tormisele Balti Assamblee kunstipreemia / Madis Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Madis

    2000-01-01

    Kunstipreemia - Veljo Tormis, kirjanduspreemia - läti poeet Janis Rokpelnis, teaduspreemia - leedu õpetlane Silvestras Gaizhiunas. Eesti kandidaatidele - V. Tormise kõrval Raoul Kurvitz, Jaan Undusk, Raimo Pullat - anti kõrge hinnang

  18. Valmiera kunstnikud Viljandis / Guna Kalnaca

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalnaca, Guna

    1998-01-01

    Valmiera kunsti päevadest Viljandis, kus osalevad 5 professionaalset kunstnikku Valmierast : Dace Bluma-portselan, Vineta Dzervite-graafika, Antra Galzons-maalid, Janis Galzons-maalid, Andris Varpa-skulptuurid. Kunstnike loomingu lühitutvustus.

  19. Eesti kunstniku Rafael Arutjunjani personaalnäitus Riias

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    12.05 - 9.06 2006 Rafael Arutjunjani tööde näitusest Nelia galeriis. 19.05.2006 tema loomingule pühendatud raamatu "Raphael Arutyunyan artistic production" presentatsioonist Riias Janis Roze raamatupoes

  20. To evaluate the results of endoscopic variceal band ligation (EVBL)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hi-tech

    2004-04-04

    Apr 4, 2004 ... P. G. Jani, MMed., FRCS., Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of ..... Burroughs, A.K. and Patch, D. Primary prevention of ... Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.) 2000; 32:930-934. 19.

  1. One Family's Struggles with Rotavirus

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... sports travel in health travel tips janis morrow scholarship links & resources listservs need more help? pediatric hepatitis ... be considered to be incomplete without a physical exam, which is not possible without a visit to ...

  2. One Family's Struggle with Chickenpox

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... sports travel in health travel tips janis morrow scholarship links & resources listservs need more help? pediatric hepatitis ... be considered to be incomplete without a physical exam, which is not possible without a visit to ...

  3. One Family's Struggles with HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... sports travel in health travel tips janis morrow scholarship links & resources listservs need more help? pediatric hepatitis ... be considered to be incomplete without a physical exam, which is not possible without a visit to ...

  4. One Family's Struggles with Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... sports travel in health travel tips janis morrow scholarship links & resources listservs need more help? pediatric hepatitis ... be considered to be incomplete without a physical exam, which is not possible without a visit to ...

  5. One Family's Struggles with Hepatitis B

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... sports travel in health travel tips janis morrow scholarship links & resources listservs need more help? pediatric hepatitis ... be considered to be incomplete without a physical exam, which is not possible without a visit to ...

  6. Valmiera kunstnikud Viljandis / Guna Kalnaca

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalnaca, Guna

    1998-01-01

    Valmiera kunsti päevadest Viljandis, kus osalevad 5 professionaalset kunstnikku Valmierast : Dace Bluma-portselan, Vineta Dzervite-graafika, Antra Galzons-maalid, Janis Galzons-maalid, Andris Varpa-skulptuurid. Kunstnike loomingu lühitutvustus.

  7. Eesti kunstniku Rafael Arutjunjani personaalnäitus Riias

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    12.05 - 9.06 2006 Rafael Arutjunjani tööde näitusest Nelia galeriis. 19.05.2006 tema loomingule pühendatud raamatu "Raphael Arutyunyan artistic production" presentatsioonist Riias Janis Roze raamatupoes

  8. Air Baltic: Estonian Air on nurka surutud / Teele Tammeorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammeorg, Teele

    2010-01-01

    Air Balticu asepresidendi Janis Vanagsi hinnangul on Estonian Air aastaid jätnud tähelepanuta oma peamised turismiturud ning on praegu halvas seisus. Air Baltic on endiselt huvitatud Estonian Airi ostust. Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Partsi seisukoht

  9. Young PM candidate harsh criticism / Talis Saule Archdeacon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Archdeacon, Talis Saule

    2007-01-01

    Läti Rahvaerakonna peaministrikandidaati Edgars Zalansit süüdistatakse kogemuste puudumises. Edgars Zalans ei kavatse osaleda tuntud teleajakirjaniku Janis Dombursi saates "Mis toimub Lätis?". Teised kandidaadid peaministri kohale

  10. Konkursitulemusi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Erinevate konkursside tulemusi (Keskastme klaveriõpilaste konkurss Tallinna Muusikakeskkoolis, Rahvusvaheline Janis Norvelise nimeline noorte pianistide kontsert Madonas, rahvusvaheline noorte pianistide konkurss Valmieras, Savšinski-nimeline konkurss Peterburis)

  11. Air Baltic: Estonian Air on nurka surutud / Teele Tammeorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammeorg, Teele

    2010-01-01

    Air Balticu asepresidendi Janis Vanagsi hinnangul on Estonian Air aastaid jätnud tähelepanuta oma peamised turismiturud ning on praegu halvas seisus. Air Baltic on endiselt huvitatud Estonian Airi ostust. Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Partsi seisukoht

  12. Veljo Tormisele Balti Assamblee kunstipreemia / Madis Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Madis

    2000-01-01

    Kunstipreemia - Veljo Tormis, kirjanduspreemia - läti poeet Janis Rokpelnis, teaduspreemia - leedu õpetlane Silvestras Gaizhiunas. Eesti kandidaatidele - V. Tormise kõrval Raoul Kurvitz, Jaan Undusk, Raimo Pullat - anti kõrge hinnang

  13. The Persistence of Hazing in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-25

    www.1streconbnassociation.org/Recon%20Reflections%20Issue%2018%20.pdf 12 Irving L Janis, Victims of Groupthink . New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1972...http://www.psysr.org/about/pubs_resources/ groupthink %20overview.htm 13 Elizabeth J. Allan, PhD. “Hazing and Gender: Analyzing the Obvious.” In...National Survey: Initiation Rites and Athletics for NCAA Sports Teams, Alfred University, 1999. Janis, Irving L. Victims of Groupthink . New York: Houghton

  14. Janie’s Self-Awakening Journey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冬亚

    2013-01-01

    As one of the greatest Afro-American writers of the 20th century during the period of the Harlem Renaissance, Zora Neale Hurston drew on her own experiences as a feminist Afro-American female to create a story of a female character Janie Craw⁃ford in her book There Eyes were Watching God. In the history of literature, it has come to be regarded as a“seminal work in both African-American literature and Woman's literature.”(Louis Gates 1993). The main character Janie Crawford is definitely a typical representative of feminism and feminist movement and as a women who successfully achieved her self-consciousness, she has been commenting and criticizing for a long period of time. This research paper will analyzes how Janie achieves her self-awakening in the man-dominated society through Janie’s childhood and her three periods of completely different marriages.

  15. On Janie’s Self-actualization in Light of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丹; 徐畔

    2013-01-01

      Zora Neale Hurston is an African-American novelist, anthropologist. Her famous novel Their Eyes Were Watching God to some extent reflects the pursuit of self-actualization of the female protagonist Janie. The psychological term Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is implemented in this study to help to analyze the process of Janie’s self-actualization, which illustrates how Janie realized self-fulfillment and appreciated the intrinsic worth of her surroundings and to experience the world deeply through marriages to three different men.

  16. Kopeerijast innovaatori lugu : Lätlaste oma seebiooper / Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Taivo, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    Stendersi Seebivabriku ja Emile Gustava Šokolaadivabriku ning kohvipoe omanikest Janis ja Zane Berzinshist, nende ärifilosoofiast, juhtimispõhimõtteist ning tulevikuplaanidest. Tabel: Stendarsi Seebivabriku kasumihüpe; Seebipoodide arv. Vt. samas: Kuidas kaks juhti ühte korterisse ära mahuvad. Lisa: Stendersi Seebivabriku 3 nõuannet frantsiisi kasutajale

  17. Teaching Medical Student Psychiatry Through Contemporary Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egan, William H.

    1977-01-01

    An audio technique uses contemporary music recordings to illustrate various personality disorders, including: schizoid, paranoid, compulsive, antisocial, and hysterical. The works of Bob Dylan, Paul Simon, Harry Chapin, the Beatles, Janis Ian, James Taylor, Tammy Wynette, and others are cited. (LBH)

  18. Effects of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Marigold Growth and Flowering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the growth and flowering responses of greenhouse-grown French marigold (Tagetes patula L. ‘Janie Deep Orange’) to two non-composted broiler chicken litter-based organic fertilizers 4-2-2 and 3-3-3, and one commonly used synthetic controlled-release fertiliz...

  19. A Preliminary View of the Quality of Decision-Making in the Benchmark Year of 1984. AIR 1985 Annual Forum Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiro, Louis M.; Campbell, Jill F.

    Perceptions of college institutional research directors concerning the quality of executive decision making at their institutions were studied. Perceptions were assessed using a theoretical model of Groupthink developed by Janis, who postulates that a high amount of environmental stress should lead to a greater degree of…

  20. Groupthink: Hypothesis in Need of Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moorhead, Gregory

    1982-01-01

    Reviews the major tenets of the groupthink hypothesis of Irving Janis, as well as the research on which it is based. Reviews previous research on group dynamics related to groupthink. Proposes guidelines for research to test the propositions of groupthink. (Author/RC)

  1. Groupthink: Effects of Cohesiveness and Problem-Solving Procedures on Group Decision Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callaway, Michael R.; Esser, James K.

    1984-01-01

    Tested Janis' groupthink formulation with 126 students by manipulating group cohesiveness and adequacy of decision procedures in a factorial design. Results showed highest quality decisions were produced by groups of intermediate cohesiveness. Highly cohesive groups without adequate decision procedures (the groupthink condition) tended to make the…

  2. Small Group Dynamics and the Watergate Coverup: A Case Study of Groupthink.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cline, Rebecca J.

    The decisions President Richard Nixon and his closest advisors made in the Watergate coverup were products of what Irving Janis calls "groupthink." Groupthink, a type of decision-making emphasizing unanimity over objective evaluation, develops when the decision makers (1) form a group of marked cohesiveness, (2) insulate themselves from…

  3. Integrating Staff Elements, Personality Type and Groupthink

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    appraise alternative courses of action. “Groupthink” is a term of the same order as the words in the newspeak vocabulary George Orwell presents...would help prevent isolation from contrary evidence. A critical drawback to such an approach is what Janis terms a “let George do it” attitude that

  4. Maalimine keelatud : Tallinna Kunstihoones 21. V - 10. VII / Anders Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härm, Anders, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Kuraator Anders Härm rahvusvahelisest maalide näitusest, mille kujundas Ando Keskküla. Osalevad kunstnikud Daniele Galliano, Davide La Rocca (Itaalia), Ritums Ivanovs (Läti), Matts Leiderstam, Ylva Ogland (Rootsi), Jani Leinonen (Soome), Tõnis Saadoja, John Smith (Eesti), Sophia Schama (Saksamaa), Mari Sunna (Soome/Suurbritannia). Terminist "maalikunst"

  5. Neli korda restoranis / Pekka Toivanen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toivanen, Pekka

    2004-01-01

    Kultuurirestoran "Hima ja Sali" (Talberginkatu 1 C 10), mille sisustuse ja kinnise mööbli on kujundanud Kari Lappalainen. Telekokk Jyrki Sukula restoran "Via" (Ludviginkatu 8-10), mille sisustuse on kujundanud Jani Koivula ja Mikael Mantila. Restoran "Mother" (Eerikinkatul) Stefan Lindforsi kujunduses ning Antti Rouhunkoski ja Sami Sorvali kaasajastatud kujunduses. Büroo Valvomo kujundatud "Wrong Nuudle Bar". 13 ill

  6. Reference: 642 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nal of biological chemistry Bravo Janis E|Cahoon Edgar B|Chen Ming|Dunn Teresa M|Jaworski Jan G|Lynch Dani...el V|Markham Jonathan E|Mulcahy Brendan J|Richardson Christopher G|Tsegaye Yoseph

  7. Kui prooviks uuesti alustada... / Anu Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allas, Anu, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Näitus "Maalimine keelatud" Tallinna Kunstihoones, kuraator Anders Härm. Esindatud on kunstnike Davide LaRocca, Ylva Ogland'i, Ritums Ivanovs'i, Daniele Galliano, Sophia Schama, Matts Leiderstam'i, Jani Leinonen'i, Mari Sunna, Tõnis Saadoja jt. looming

  8. Maalimine keelatud : Tallinna Kunstihoones 21. V - 10. VII / Anders Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härm, Anders, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Kuraator Anders Härm rahvusvahelisest maalide näitusest, mille kujundas Ando Keskküla. Osalevad kunstnikud Daniele Galliano, Davide La Rocca (Itaalia), Ritums Ivanovs (Läti), Matts Leiderstam, Ylva Ogland (Rootsi), Jani Leinonen (Soome), Tõnis Saadoja, John Smith (Eesti), Sophia Schama (Saksamaa), Mari Sunna (Soome/Suurbritannia). Terminist "maalikunst"

  9. Commitment in American Foreign Policy, a Theoretical Examination for the Post-Vietnam Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-04-01

    University Press, 1975), p. 81 footnote. 5. See works by Charles Kiesler, Kurt Lewin , Leon Festinger, Irving Janis, and Leon Mann for this widely held view...that all decisions are predetermined. In fact, Truman had a wide range of choice, as May makes clear. 19. For cognitive freezing, see Kurt Lewin , "Group

  10. Plaadid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Keith Jarret/Gary Peacock/Jack DeJohnette "Up for it", Wladislaw Szpilman "The original recordings of the pianist", Emanuel Ax "Haydn Piano Sonatas", Ravi Coltrane "Mad 6", Guano Apes "Walking On A Thin Line", Will Young "From Now On", Janis Joplin "The Essential"

  11. Personal interests hinder Rail Baltica

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Läti seimi liige Janis Reirs leiab, et Rail Baltica ehitus on Moskva ja Riia vahelise raudtee ehitusest prioriteetsem, kuna esimest võib potentsiaalselt finantseerida Euroopa Liit. Transpordiminister Uldis Augulis kohtub oma Venemaa kolleegi Igor Levitiniga 7. aprillil. Peaminister Valdis Dombrovskise sõnul vajavad mõlemad projektid majandusanalüüsi

  12. Axially symmetric solutions in f(R)-gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Capozziello, Salvatore; Stabile, Arturo

    2009-01-01

    Axially symmetric solutions for f(R)-gravity can be derived starting from exact spherically symmetric solutions. The method takes advantage of a complex coordinate transformation previously developed by Newman and Janis in General Relativity. An example is worked out to show the general validity of the approach.

  13. Axially symmetric solutions in f(R)-gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Capozziello, Salvatore; De Laurentis, Mariafelicia [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli ' Federico II' (Italy); Stabile, Arturo, E-mail: capozziello@na.infn.i [Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Universita del Sannio, Benevento, C.so Garibaldi 107, I-80125 Benevento (Italy)

    2010-08-21

    Axially symmetric solutions for f(R)-gravity can be derived starting from exact spherically symmetric solutions achieved by Noether symmetries. The method takes advantage of a complex coordinate transformation previously developed by Newman and Janis in general relativity. An example is worked out to show the general validity of the approach. The physical properties of the solution are also considered.

  14. Lillekleidid lilleballil / Kristel Kirss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Kristel, 1967-

    2001-01-01

    Lillekleitide võistlus ööklubis "Flamingo". Esikoha võidutöö "Primavera del a more" autor Ljubov Gutman, teisele kohale jäi Jana Nautsi töö. Kolmas koht läks jagamisele Janis Bucevichi ning kahe floristi, Svetlana Osjenko ja Karina Saberi vahel. Publiku auhind läks Heiti Põdrale

  15. Läti jättis poliitikut pilava filmi toetuseta / Hendrik Vosman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vosman, Hendrik

    2008-01-01

    Läti noore režissööri Janis Vingrise satiiriline film "Viimane Karutapja" ("Pedejais Lacplesis") jääb oma täiendavast riiklikust toetusest ilma endise peaministri Aigars Kalvitise ilmse mõnitamise pärast

  16. Kopeerijast innovaatori lugu : Lätlaste oma seebiooper / Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Taivo, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    Stendersi Seebivabriku ja Emile Gustava Šokolaadivabriku ning kohvipoe omanikest Janis ja Zane Berzinshist, nende ärifilosoofiast, juhtimispõhimõtteist ning tulevikuplaanidest. Tabel: Stendarsi Seebivabriku kasumihüpe; Seebipoodide arv. Vt. samas: Kuidas kaks juhti ühte korterisse ära mahuvad. Lisa: Stendersi Seebivabriku 3 nõuannet frantsiisi kasutajale

  17. Бизнес будущего / Ингус Берзиньш, Вайдотас Вишнянскас, Кайдо Эйнема

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Берзиньш, Ингус

    2000-01-01

    Infoteholoogia sektori areng ja võimalused Baltimaades. Tabelid ja diagrammid: Baltimaade suuremate IT-firmade käive 1999; personaalarvutite müük ja kasutamine; Mikrolink'i aktsionäride jagunemine. Kommenteerivad Aleksander Vasiljevits, Allan Martinson, Janis Gobinsh, Valentinas Milaknis. Summary: Business Prospects.I lmunud ka: The Baltic Course 2000/Autumn/Winter lk. 28-33

  18. Läti TV juht lahkus ametist Putini-filmi pärast

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Läti riiklik telekanal loobus 1. detsembril ootamatult prantslase Jean-Michel Carre dokumentaalfilmi "Putini süsteem" näitamisest, et mitte pahandada valimiseelset Venemaad. Tsensuurirakendamise süüdistuse tõttu astus Läti TV peadirektor Janis Holshteins tagasi

  19. Lillekleidid lilleballil / Kristel Kirss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Kristel, 1967-

    2001-01-01

    Lillekleitide võistlus ööklubis "Flamingo". Esikoha võidutöö "Primavera del a more" autor Ljubov Gutman, teisele kohale jäi Jana Nautsi töö. Kolmas koht läks jagamisele Janis Bucevichi ning kahe floristi, Svetlana Osjenko ja Karina Saberi vahel. Publiku auhind läks Heiti Põdrale

  20. Vabadus võtta vabalt / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Tänavakunstinäitus "Paraad" Eesti Lähimineviku Okupatsioonide Muuseumis. Osalevad Tuukka & Kätlin Kaila ning Vaughan Baker (London), Jani Tolin ja Freeman (Helsingi), Aadam Kaarma, Anu Samarüütel, Tarrvi Laamann, Marko Mäetamm & Kaido Ole, Lazer, Väike J, Veronika Valk, Kaarel Kulbin, DJ Critical

  1. Täna kell 18.30 avatakse Okupatsioonide muuseumis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Linnakultuuriaineline näitus "Paraad". Keskne idee on seotud rula kui eluhoiakuga. Osalevad Tuukka & Kätlin Kaila ning Vaughan Baker (London), Jani Tolin ja Freeman (Helsingi), Aadam Kaarma, Anu Samarüütel, Tarrvi Laamann, Marko Mäetamm & Kaido Ole, Lazer, Väike J, Veronika Valk, DJ Critical

  2. Iz Berlina v Tampere za neskolko tshasov? / Helga Balode

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balode, Helga

    2002-01-01

    Rail Baltica raudtee, mis hakkab reisi- ja kaubaronge teenindama marsruudil Tallinn-Varssavi, läheb maksma miljardeid kroone. Kommenteerivad Soome transpordi- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi nõunik Kai-Peter Mattson, Läti sideministeeriumi raudteeosakonnajuhataja Janis Veidmanis ja Eesti raudteeameti peadirektor Oleg Epner

  3. Metric of a Slow Rotating Body with Quadrupole Moment from the Erez-Rosen Metric

    CERN Document Server

    Frutos-Alfaro, Francisco; Cordero-García, Iván; Ulloa-Esquivel, Oscar

    2012-01-01

    A metric representing a slow rotating object with quadrupole moment is obtained using the Newman-Janis formalism to include rotation into the weak limit of the Erez-Rosen metric. This metric is intended to tackle relativistic astrometry and gravitational lensing problems in which a quadrupole moment has to be taken into account.

  4. Plaadid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Keith Jarret/Gary Peacock/Jack DeJohnette "Up for it", Wladislaw Szpilman "The original recordings of the pianist", Emanuel Ax "Haydn Piano Sonatas", Ravi Coltrane "Mad 6", Guano Apes "Walking On A Thin Line", Will Young "From Now On", Janis Joplin "The Essential"

  5. Rahvavalgustajad, teadlased, kirjanikud... / Helmut Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Helmut, 1930-

    1980-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli ajaloost. Naabermaade kultuuriloosse oma tegevusega jälgi jätnud TÜ kasvandikest Georg Manzel (Mancelius), Christian Fürecker, Janis Reiters (Johannes Reuter), Olof (Olaus) Verelius, Isak Börk (Björk), Johannes Terserus, Abraham Thauvonius, Arvid Moller ja Petrus Schomerus

  6. Scalar Radiation in the Background of a Naked Singularity

    CERN Document Server

    Dey, Anshuman; Sarkar, Tapobrata

    2013-01-01

    We study scalar radiation spectra from a particle in circular orbit, in the background of the Janis-Newman-Winicour (JNW) naked singularity. The differences in the nature of the spectra, from what one obtains with a Schwarzschild black hole, is established. We also compute the angular distribution of the spectra.

  7. Teaching Medical Student Psychiatry Through Contemporary Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egan, William H.

    1977-01-01

    An audio technique uses contemporary music recordings to illustrate various personality disorders, including: schizoid, paranoid, compulsive, antisocial, and hysterical. The works of Bob Dylan, Paul Simon, Harry Chapin, the Beatles, Janis Ian, James Taylor, Tammy Wynette, and others are cited. (LBH)

  8. Tallinna ülikoolil on 16 uut doktorit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Aasta jooksul on Tallinna Ülikoolis doktorikraadi kaitsnud 16 inimest. Humanitaarteaduste doktoriteks promoveeritakse Inna Adamson, Maris Saagpakk, Anne Lange, Julia Tofantšuk, Janis Ešots ja Grigori Utgof; kasvatusteaduste doktoriteks Veronika Nagel, Eve Eisenschmidt, Tuuli Oder, Kristina Nugin, Inga Mutso, Tiina Selke ja Boriss Bazanov; loodusteaduste doktoriks Tiit Maran; ning sotsiaalteaduste doktoriteks Signe Dobelniece ja Marge Unt

  9. Kalvitis blasts prosecutor over missing money

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Endine Läti peaminister Aigars Kalvitis süüdistab Läti peaprokuröri Janis Maizitist korruptsioonitõrje büroo ümber puhkenud skandaalis, kuna prokuratuur ei kontrollinud asutuse raamatupidamist. Aigars Kalvitis otsustas eelmisel aastal tagandada büroo juhi Aleksejs Loskutovsi avastatud rikkumiste tõttu

  10. ACUTE AND CHRONIC TOXICITY OF BREVETOXIN TO OYSTERS AND GRASS SHRIMP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Calvin C., James T. Winstead, Steven S. Foss, Janis C. Kurtz, James Watts, Jeanne E. Scott and William S. Fisher. In press. Acute and Chronic Toxicity of Brevetoxin to Oysters and Grass Shrimp (Abstract). To be presented at the SETAC Fourth World Congress, 14-18 November ...

  11. Rahvavalgustajad, teadlased, kirjanikud... / Helmut Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Helmut, 1930-

    1980-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli ajaloost. Naabermaade kultuuriloosse oma tegevusega jälgi jätnud TÜ kasvandikest Georg Manzel (Mancelius), Christian Fürecker, Janis Reiters (Johannes Reuter), Olof (Olaus) Verelius, Isak Börk (Björk), Johannes Terserus, Abraham Thauvonius, Arvid Moller ja Petrus Schomerus

  12. Bending the Tree, Building the Woman: A Stylistic Approach to Voice and Vision in "Their Eyes Were Watching God"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lancaster, Iris M.

    2009-01-01

    Zora Neale Hurston, in "TEWWG," deconstructs the image of two important literary tropes that were deeply embedded in the African American literary tradition: the dispirited black female and the tragic mulatto. Both of these characters, Nanny as the dispirited black female and Janie as the tragic mulatto, are haunted by their traumatic histories.…

  13. Way of Search for Voices in Marriage——A Feminist Reading of Their Eyes Were Watching God

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雪姐

    2008-01-01

    In Their Eyes Were Watching God,Zora Neale Hurston exploresthe process ofJanie's search for her voice through her three marriages.By doingthis,she emphasizes the importance of mutual communication of both men andwomen in marriage from verbal level.

  14. На подрезанных крыльях далеко не улететь / Ярослав Тавгень ; комментировал Олег Пантелеев

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тавгень, Ярослав

    2011-01-01

    Kahjumis olev Estonian Air töötab uue kasumit toova strateegia kallal, kuid selle juurutamist võivad takistada Euroopa Liidu seadused. AirBalticu asepresidendi Janis Vanagsi, Ryanairi juhi Stephen McNamara, Heido Vitsuri ja Erki Urva arvamusi. Diagramm

  15. Kui prooviks uuesti alustada... / Anu Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allas, Anu, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Näitus "Maalimine keelatud" Tallinna Kunstihoones, kuraator Anders Härm. Esindatud on kunstnike Davide LaRocca, Ylva Ogland'i, Ritums Ivanovs'i, Daniele Galliano, Sophia Schama, Matts Leiderstam'i, Jani Leinonen'i, Mari Sunna, Tõnis Saadoja jt. looming

  16. Vabadus võtta vabalt / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Tänavakunstinäitus "Paraad" Eesti Lähimineviku Okupatsioonide Muuseumis. Osalevad Tuukka & Kätlin Kaila ning Vaughan Baker (London), Jani Tolin ja Freeman (Helsingi), Aadam Kaarma, Anu Samarüütel, Tarrvi Laamann, Marko Mäetamm & Kaido Ole, Lazer, Väike J, Veronika Valk, Kaarel Kulbin, DJ Critical

  17. Täna kell 18.30 avatakse Okupatsioonide muuseumis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Linnakultuuriaineline näitus "Paraad". Keskne idee on seotud rula kui eluhoiakuga. Osalevad Tuukka & Kätlin Kaila ning Vaughan Baker (London), Jani Tolin ja Freeman (Helsingi), Aadam Kaarma, Anu Samarüütel, Tarrvi Laamann, Marko Mäetamm & Kaido Ole, Lazer, Väike J, Veronika Valk, DJ Critical

  18. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (86th, Kansas City, Missouri, July 30-August 2, 2003). Miscellaneous Divisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003

    The Miscellaneous Divisions of the proceedings contains the following 17 papers: "Analyzing Sequential Art: Visual Narrative Techniques in 'Calvin and Hobbes'" (Sharron M. Hope); "A Critical Vision of Gender in 2002 Campaign Ads" (Janis Teruggi Page); "Personal Impact Assessment of Advertising Culture of 'Whiteness': Facial Skin Color Preferences…

  19. A Framework for Inclusion and Diversity in Environmental Citizen Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jillian Mochnick

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Citizen Science: Public Participation in Environmental Research; Janis L. Dickinson and Rick Bonney; (2015. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, NY. 304 pages.  A review of the new book "Citizen Scienece: Public Participation in Environmental Research" by Janis L. Dickinson, Professor of Natural Resources at Cornell University and Arthur A. Allen Director of Citizen Science at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, and Rick Bonney, Director of Program Development and Evaluation at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. These authors amongst many contributors provide the theory, framework, and practice to citizen science projects. This text provides resources to disseminate projects with diverse goals to engage the general public in the scientific process and to study the natural world.

  20. Transition of Greek art song from the national school to modernism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kontossi Sofia

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the different ways in which two Greek composers, Leonidas Zoras and Jani Christou, viewed modernism. The songs of Zoras are typical example of the gradual withdrawal from the aesthetic framework of the National School which dominated during the first decades of the twentieth century. In contrast, Jani Christou, who spent his childhood in Alexandria and received an exclusively Western-type education, remained untouched by Greek traditional music or the Greek National School. His work was moulded by the ancient Greek philosophical belief in the elation of the listener through the transcendental power of Art. By his Six T. S. Eliot Songs Christou offered some of the best examples of twentieth-century expressionistic vocal music.

  1. Vaba Läti ehitab / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    13.-17.04. 2007 hindas rahvusvaheline žürii Läti parimaid arhitektuuriteoseid. Parim rekonstrueeritud ehitis oli büroohoone Riias Dzirnavu tn. 68 (arhitektid Aleksejs Birjukovs, Andis Silis). Parim tööstushoone oli Ventspilsis asuv mahlakontsentraatide käitlus- ja laohoone (arhitektid Aija Kokina, Andris Kokins, Krista Strelita-Strele). Bürookategooria võiduprojektiks valiti Liepajas Zivju tn. 11/13 paiknev kontorihoone (arhitektid Diana Zalane, Artis Rokis). Parima elamu tiitli pälvis Jurmalas Jura tn. 32 asuv maja (arhitektid Janis Alksnis, Nora Saulespurena, Andris Rubenis). Eramajadest oli parim suvemaja Pavilostas (arhitekt Janis Sauka). Parima maastikuarhitektuur-väikevormi preemia said Gvido Rekis, Anita Neilande, Andris Kausenieks, Didzis Oshenieks Ventspilsi dzhungliraja eest. Sisekujunduspreemia sai originaaldisainiga ekspositsioonikapslitega Grindeksi farmaatsiatoodete näidisteruum Riias

  2. Vaba Läti ehitab / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    13.-17.04. 2007 hindas rahvusvaheline žürii Läti parimaid arhitektuuriteoseid. Parim rekonstrueeritud ehitis oli büroohoone Riias Dzirnavu tn. 68 (arhitektid Aleksejs Birjukovs, Andis Silis). Parim tööstushoone oli Ventspilsis asuv mahlakontsentraatide käitlus- ja laohoone (arhitektid Aija Kokina, Andris Kokins, Krista Strelita-Strele). Bürookategooria võiduprojektiks valiti Liepajas Zivju tn. 11/13 paiknev kontorihoone (arhitektid Diana Zalane, Artis Rokis). Parima elamu tiitli pälvis Jurmalas Jura tn. 32 asuv maja (arhitektid Janis Alksnis, Nora Saulespurena, Andris Rubenis). Eramajadest oli parim suvemaja Pavilostas (arhitekt Janis Sauka). Parima maastikuarhitektuur-väikevormi preemia said Gvido Rekis, Anita Neilande, Andris Kausenieks, Didzis Oshenieks Ventspilsi dzhungliraja eest. Sisekujunduspreemia sai originaaldisainiga ekspositsioonikapslitega Grindeksi farmaatsiatoodete näidisteruum Riias

  3. Logistic Incentive Structures Reflected in Irregular Logistic Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-31

    Press. Brown, James Douglas. (1973) The Human Nature of Organizations. New York: APRACON. Cartwright , Dorwin , and Alvin Zander, eds. (1968) Group...John Wiley and Sons, Inc. BOWERS, David G. (1976) Systems of Organization. Ann Arbor, Mich.: The University of Michigan Press. CARTWRIGHT , Dorwin , and...exclusive and proximity ofI 37 Janis in Cartwright and Zander (1968). A-22 ownership. It is often zealously guarded, accurately accounted for, and handled

  4. The Assessment of Habit Disorders: A Tripartite Perspective in Measuring Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-08-01

    subscores. The revised Janis-Field Feelings of Inadequay Scale (Eagly, 1967) is a 20-question test aimed at direct inquiry of positive and negative ...34like me" or "unlike me." Although this test ,%as originally fornulated for children, Coopersmith has produced an adult version. Self- derogation ... multidimensional measures of change. Nowhere is this trend more evident than in habit disorder research. To establish a philosophic foundation, Plato’s

  5. The Impact of Religious and Political Affiliation on Strategic Military Decisions and Policy Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-15

    Peter G. Northouse , Leadership : Theory and Practice (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2004), 147. 49 Ibid, 148 50 Ibid, 152 51 Betros, p. 511 and...result of a phenomenon known as groupthink . Irving Janis developed the groupthink theory , largely as a result of his historical analysis of events...possibilities are considered. Swann et al’s (2004) “self- verification” theory implies that people tend to gravitate toward organizations that

  6. Lätlased Kinomajas / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Kinomajas Läti filmipäevadel näidatud filmidest. Pikemalt oma aega valusalt dokumenteerivatest Juris Podnieksi "Post scriptum", Antra Cilinska "Kas on kerge olla...?" ja Romualds Piparsi "Elu vabadusele", animafilmist lätlaste päritolu kohta Agnese Bule "Avasta Lätimaa!" ning Janis Ozolins-Ozolsi filmidebüüdist "Hispaania capriccio". Lühidalt ka multifilmidest ning lühimängufilmidest

  7. China’s Space Program: A New Tool for PRC "Soft Power" in International Relations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    commercial, and economic interests. Janie Hulse highlights the gradual pullout of American clout in Argentina and its subsequent replacement with Chinese...collaborative space project. From Colombia’s Libertad satellite to Nigeria’s Nigcomsat, from Australia’s Hyshot suborbital test to Saudi Arabia’s...project cooperation agreements with Argentina , Brazil, Canada, France, Malaysia, Pakistan, Russia, Ukraine, ESA, and the European Commission

  8. Was the Decision to Invade Iraq and the Failure of Occupation Planning a Case of Groupthink?

    OpenAIRE

    Scheeringa, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    This thesis examines the decision to invade Iraq and the failed planning for the occupation of Iraq. Since Janis introduced groupthink in 1972, the groupthink perspective has been used to explain foreign policy disasters such as the failure to anticipate the Pearl Harbor attack and the Bay of Pigs. However, the groupthink perspective is not universally useful for explaining foreign policy mishaps. While some have attributed the Iraq war to groupthink, the groupthink perspective has not bee...

  9. Rasa Smite ja Raitis Smits (E-LAB) / Rasa Smite, Raitis Smits ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smite, Rasa

    2006-01-01

    Läti kunstnikest Rasa Smitest (sünd. 1969) ja Raitis Smitsist (sünd. 1966), nende loomingust, vestlus kunstnikega 2000. a. Amsterdamis. 1996. a. E-LAB-i rajanud kunstnikud toodavad Internetis heliteoseid. Koos Janis Garancsiga asutasid 1997. a. võrguaudio loojate jaoks meililoendi xchange. Nende võrguaudioprogrammi "Ozone" saadetakse Riiast Interneti kaudu eetrisse üle terve maailma. Annavad välja ajakirja "Acoustic.Space"

  10. Romaanivõistluse võitis Valentin Kuik : [Sõnum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Eesti Romaanifondi romaanivõistluse peapreemia võitis Valentin Kuik romaani 'Poegade mäss' eest. Teise auhinna said Lehte Hainsalu 'Viis minutit enne vihma', Nikolai Baturini 'Apokalüpsis anno domini... ja Markus Vetemaa 'Valgelinnu maailm'. Kolmanda koha said Aarne Biini 'Kõik, mida pole', Oskar Vilde 'Mina, väärakas' ja Kalle Käsperi 'Tradt, See- ja-See-jani elu'

  11. U.S. Army Research Institute Unrestricted Publications, Fiscal Year 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    an Army sample. Cadets at the U.S. Military Academy and active-duty Soldiers completed the Cultural Intelligence Scale, the Multicultural ...Army Officer Counseling Training for Commanders: Participant Manual Michael J. Cullen, Hannah J. Foldes, Janis S. Houston, Robert J. Schneider, Emily...E. Duehr, & Jeff W. Johnson. April 2011. (ADA544443) We developed and evaluated a retention counseling training program targeted at

  12. Lätlased Kinomajas / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Kinomajas Läti filmipäevadel näidatud filmidest. Pikemalt oma aega valusalt dokumenteerivatest Juris Podnieksi "Post scriptum", Antra Cilinska "Kas on kerge olla...?" ja Romualds Piparsi "Elu vabadusele", animafilmist lätlaste päritolu kohta Agnese Bule "Avasta Lätimaa!" ning Janis Ozolins-Ozolsi filmidebüüdist "Hispaania capriccio". Lühidalt ka multifilmidest ning lühimängufilmidest

  13. Rasa Smite ja Raitis Smits (E-LAB) / Rasa Smite, Raitis Smits ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smite, Rasa

    2006-01-01

    Läti kunstnikest Rasa Smitest (sünd. 1969) ja Raitis Smitsist (sünd. 1966), nende loomingust, vestlus kunstnikega 2000. a. Amsterdamis. 1996. a. E-LAB-i rajanud kunstnikud toodavad Internetis heliteoseid. Koos Janis Garancsiga asutasid 1997. a. võrguaudio loojate jaoks meililoendi xchange. Nende võrguaudioprogrammi "Ozone" saadetakse Riiast Interneti kaudu eetrisse üle terve maailma. Annavad välja ajakirja "Acoustic.Space"

  14. Populjarnost fotofestivalja "Narvskaja osen" rastjot / Irina Tokareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tokareva, Irina

    2005-01-01

    Festival tähistas oma 10. aastapäeva. Osavõtjaid Eestist, Lätist ja Venemaalt. Avati läti fotograaf Janis Gleizdsi tööde retrospektiiv, toimus fotovõistlus. Nimetatud žürii. Parima kontseptuaalse foto eest sai preemia Irina Kivimäe, parima portreefoto autor oli Mihhail Zaitsev ja edukam debütant oli Eduard Zentshik, parimad autorikollektsioonid olid Eduard Vivsikul, Anton Novozhilovil ja Kristel Lunatsil

  15. Reiu Tüüri maratonloeng kunstiturust / Reiu Tüür

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tüür, Reiu

    2001-01-01

    27. VI toimus Pärnus Kunstplatze Unobomberi galeriis Reiu Tüüri näitus-loeng kaasaegse kunsti galeriidest Londonis ja Eestis. Näitus on osa R. Tüüri sel sügisel Londoni linnaülikooli juures kaitstavast kunsti mänedzhmendi alasest magistritööst "Eesti kaasaegse kunsti turg". Juhendaja Jani Robertson Hollandist.

  16. Fotofestivali "Narva sügis" populaarsus kasvab / Irina Tokareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tokareva, Irina

    2005-01-01

    Festival tähistas oma 10-ndat aastapäeva. Osavõtjad olid Eestist, Lätist ja Venemaalt. Avati läti fotograaf Janis Gleizdsi tööde retrospektiiv, toimus fotovõistlus. Nimetatud žürii. Parima kontseptuaalse foto eest sai preemia Irina Kivimäe, parima portreefoto autor oli Mihhail Zaitsev ja edukam debütant oli Eduard Zentshik, parimad autorikollektsioonid olid Eduard Vivsikul,, Anton Novozhilovil ja Kristel Lunatsil

  17. Wicked Problems in Large Organizations: Why Pilot Retention Continues to Challenge the Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-25

    Kotter, Leading Change (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1996). 34 not to discourage, but to encourage education so that organizations can be...123457-897. Janis, Irving L. Groupthink. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1982. Kotter, John P. Leading Change. Boston: Harvard Business ...collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources

  18. Patterns of Global Terrorism 2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-04-01

    the FARC murdered American civilian contractor Thomas Janis and Colombian soldier Luis Alcides Cruz, whose plane had made an emergency crash landing...political wing, the National Democratic Front (NDF), Luis Jalandoni also lives in the Netherlands and has become a Dutch citizen. Although primarily a...with ATA sponsored anti-kidnapping training. Colombia’s then- Minister of Defense, Marta Lucia Ramirez Rincon , together with U.S. Ambassador to

  19. Kui ei oska valida, mine vaatama neid filme! / Andres Laasik, Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2008-01-01

    PÖFFi filme - Soome mängufilm "Must jää" ("Musta jää"), režissöör Petri Kotwica, Suurbritannia - Iirimaa mängufilm "Nälg" ("Hunger"), režissöör Steve McQueen ja Läti mängufilm "Amatöör", režissöör Janis Nords

  20. Group Dynamics in Top Management Teams: Groupthink, Vigilance, and Alternative Models of Organizational Failure and Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson; Owens; Tetlock; Fan; Martorana

    1998-02-01

    This study explored the heuristic value of Janis' (1982) groupthink and vigilant decision making models as explanations of failure and success in top management team decision making using the Organizational Group Dynamics Q-sort (GDQ). Top management teams of seven Fortune 500 companies were examined at two historical junctures-one when the team was successful (defined as satisfying strategic constituencies) and one when the team was unsuccessful. Results strongly supported the notion that a group' decision making process is systematically related to the outcomes experienced by the team. Ideal-type Q-sorts organized around Janis' analysis of groupthink and vigilance were substantially correlated with Q-sorts of failing and successful groups, respectively. The fit was, however, far from perfect. Ideal-type Q-sorts derived from other frameworks correlated better with the failure-success classification than did the Janis-derived ideal types. Successful groups showed some indicators of groupthink (e.g., risk-taking, cohesion, and strong, opinionated leaders), whereas unsuccessful groups showed signs of vigilance (e.g., internal debate to the point of factionalism). The results illustrate the usefulness of the GDQ for developing and empirically testing theory in organizational behavior from historical cases. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  1. Bibliografía

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo, “La medicina Indígena”, América indígena, 7(2), 1947, pp. 108-127. — Formas de gobierno indígena, México, Imprenta Universitaria, 1953. — El proceso de aculturación y el cambio sociocultural en México [1a ed. 1957], México, Universidad Iberoamericana, 1970. Alcides Reissner, Raúl, El indio en los diccionarios. Exégesis léxica de un estereotipo, México, ini, 1983. Alcorn, Janis, Huastec mayan ethnobotany, Austin, Tex., University of Texas Press, 1984. Alva Ixtlilxóchi...

  2. Political and Military Intention Estimation: A Taxonometric Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-11-01

    intelligence failures will tend to be more conspicuous than intelligence successes. That is, determination of an intelligence success requires careful ...threatc-rkng prohksn would seemu to Oe the enemty who is 4certain of his, plans and go4ls and who c-,a care - - Ifully guard 4sA diiguisc hia effortsx...Janis and Manim (19771 havo proposed a conflict theory which postats that error. a r#esult fromn the ua(-an vtivatiunAl consequecescc of deciseional

  3. Janis–Newman Algorithm: Generating Rotating and NUT Charged Black Holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erbin, Harold

    2017-03-01

    In this review we present the most general form of the Janis--Newman algorithm. This extension allows to generate configurations which contain all bosonic fields with spin less than or equal to two (real and complex scalar fields, gauge fields, metric field) and with five of the six parameters of the Pleba\\'nski-Demia\\'nski metric (mass, electric charge, magnetic charge, NUT charge and angular momentum). Several examples are included to illustrate the algorithm. We also discuss the extension of the algorithm to other dimensions.

  4. "Neli arhitektuuri" : Eesti arhitektuurinäitusel Pariisis / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2000-01-01

    Baltimaade ja Rootsi arhitektuuribüroode töid tutvustav näitus galeriis La Galerie d'Architecture 22. X-10. XII 2000. Rootsist osales büroo White Arkitekter (arhitekt Mattias Lind), Lätist Arhis, Leedust Private Ideology, Eestist Kolm Pluss Üks (valiku tegi Karin Hallas). Kataloogi eessõna - läti arhitekt Janis Dripe. 2 ill. White Arkitekter (arhitektuuribüroo, Rootsi). Arhis (arhitektuuribüroo, Läti). Private Ideology (arhitektuuribüroo, Leedu)

  5. "Neli arhitektuuri" : Eesti arhitektuurinäitusel Pariisis / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2000-01-01

    Baltimaade ja Rootsi arhitektuuribüroode töid tutvustav näitus galeriis La Galerie d'Architecture 22. X-10. XII 2000. Rootsist osales büroo White Arkitekter (arhitekt Mattias Lind), Lätist Arhis, Leedust Private Ideology, Eestist Kolm Pluss Üks (valiku tegi Karin Hallas). Kataloogi eessõna - läti arhitekt Janis Dripe. 2 ill. White Arkitekter (arhitektuuribüroo, Rootsi). Arhis (arhitektuuribüroo, Läti). Private Ideology (arhitektuuribüroo, Leedu)

  6. Läti parimad majad / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Muljeid Läti arhitektuuriauhindade jagamiselt. Peapreemia: arhitektide Uldis Lukshevics'i ja Martins Oshans'i projekteeritud eramu. Parim avalik hoone: arhitektuuribüroo Kubs projekteeritud kontorihoone Riias. Suurim Baltikumis: arhitektuuribüroo Arhis projekteeritud Ljepaja politseihoone. Parim rekonstrueerimisprojekt: arhitektuuribüroo Arhis projekteeritud avatud kontor nõukogudeaegses tööstushoones. Parim interjöör: kohvik Vanilla (Ieva Dripe, Janis Broka) ja tekstiilipood Garage (Zaiga Gaile büroo). Uldis Lukshevics'i projekteeritud suvilad, mis paiknevad postidel

  7. Perturbative spacetimes from Yang-Mills theory

    CERN Document Server

    Luna, Andrés; Nicholson, Isobel; Ochirov, Alexander; O'Connell, Donal; Westerberg, Niclas; White, Chris D.

    2017-04-12

    The double copy relates scattering amplitudes in gauge and gravity theories. In this paper, we expand the scope of the double copy to construct spacetime metrics through a systematic perturbative expansion. The perturbative procedure is based on direct calculation in Yang-Mills theory, followed by squaring the numerator of certain perturbative diagrams as specified by the double-copy algorithm. The simplest spherically symmetric, stationary spacetime from the point of view of this procedure is a particular member of the Janis-Newman-Winicour family of naked singularities. Our work paves the way for applications of the double copy to physically interesting problems such as perturbative black-hole scattering.

  8. Bibliografía

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo, “La medicina Indígena”, América indígena, 7(2), 1947, pp. 108-127. — Formas de gobierno indígena, México, Imprenta Universitaria, 1953. — El proceso de aculturación y el cambio sociocultural en México [1a ed. 1957], México, Universidad Iberoamericana, 1970. Alcides Reissner, Raúl, El indio en los diccionarios. Exégesis léxica de un estereotipo, México, ini, 1983. Alcorn, Janis, Huastec mayan ethnobotany, Austin, Tex., University of Texas Press, 1984. Alva Ixtlilxóchi...

  9. Perturbative spacetimes from Yang-Mills theory

    CERN Document Server

    Luna, Andres; Nicholson, Isobel; Ochirov, Alexander; O'Connell, Donal; Westerberg, Niclas; White, Chris D.

    2016-01-01

    The double copy relates scattering amplitudes in gauge and gravity theories. In this paper, we expand the scope of the double copy to construct spacetime metrics through a systematic perturbative expansion. The perturbative procedure is based on direct calculation in Yang-Mills theory, followed by squaring the numerator of certain perturbative diagrams as specified by the double-copy algorithm. The simplest spherically symmetric, stationary spacetime from the point of view of this procedure is a particular member of the Janis-Newman-Winicour family of naked singularities. Our work paves the way for applications of the double copy to physically interesting problems such as perturbative black-hole scattering.

  10. Note on a specific subcases of Robinson-Trautman solution with scalar hair

    CERN Document Server

    Tahamtan, T

    2016-01-01

    Explicit Robinson-Trautman solution with minimally coupled free scalar field was derived and analyzed recently. It was shown that this solution possesses curvature singularity which is initially naked but later the horizon envelopes it. However this study concentrated on the general branch of the solution where all the free constants are nonzero. Interesting special cases arise when some of the parameters are set to zero. In most of these cases the scalar field is still present. One of the cases is a static solution which represents a parametric limit of Janis-Newman-Winicour scalar field spacetime.

  11. Läti parimad majad / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Muljeid Läti arhitektuuriauhindade jagamiselt. Peapreemia: arhitektide Uldis Lukshevics'i ja Martins Oshans'i projekteeritud eramu. Parim avalik hoone: arhitektuuribüroo Kubs projekteeritud kontorihoone Riias. Suurim Baltikumis: arhitektuuribüroo Arhis projekteeritud Ljepaja politseihoone. Parim rekonstrueerimisprojekt: arhitektuuribüroo Arhis projekteeritud avatud kontor nõukogudeaegses tööstushoones. Parim interjöör: kohvik Vanilla (Ieva Dripe, Janis Broka) ja tekstiilipood Garage (Zaiga Gaile büroo). Uldis Lukshevics'i projekteeritud suvilad, mis paiknevad postidel

  12. "Bipolar groupthink": assessing groupthink tendencies in authentic work groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosander, M; Stiwne, D; Granström, K

    1998-06-01

    Research on regressive group processes such as Janis' (1982) "groupthink" phenomenon has rarely focused on work groups in authentic settings. In this study, teams from six different organisations (n = 308) were studied by using a groupthink questionnaire constructed in accordance with the symptoms of groupthink described by Janis. It was hypothesised that groupthink could be described as a bipolar construct identifying either an omnipotent or a depressive variant of a group's delusions about its own and other groups' features. The questionnaire showed reasonably good reliability as a whole and a factor analysis identified three factors in line with the proposed theoretical model in which the two different types of groupthink can be distinguished. We propose that any group might have a tendency or predisposition to react in either of the two directions during provocative circumstances. The six different organisations exhibited different types of groupthink to a varying degree. A religious sect was the one most characterised by omnipotent groupthink, while a technological company and a psychiatric team seemed to be the ones with most features of depressive groupthink.

  13. Groupthink, Bay of Pigs, and Watergate Reconsidered.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raven

    1998-02-01

    Irving Janis's concept of groupthink can be seen in the context of our on-again-off-again love affair with groups. Group decisions have often been seen as offering the benefits of collective wisdom, but may also lead to disastrous consequences. Groupthink then focuses on the negative effects of erroneous group decisions. Two major examples of groupthink are reexamined and compared: the disastrous Bay of Pigs decision by the elite advisory group of President Kennedy, and the advisory groups of President Nixon, which led to the Watergate disaster and at unsuccessful attempts to cover up. In both, it is suggested there was a "runaway norm," escalation and polarization with the norm being to exceed other members of the group in taking more extreme and unrestrained actions against an "enemy." While Janis seems to suggest that groupthink will ultimately lead the group to fail in its ultimate endeavors, we need to consider the frightening possibility that in the case of the Nixon group, the group actions came close to being successful. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  14. [Subjective verbal methods in preoperative measurement of anxiety].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höfling, S; Hutner, G; Ott, H; Fichte, K; Doenicke, A

    1988-06-01

    The role of preoperative anxiety in perioperative adaptation is viewed in two different ways. Janis suggested that anxiety is a drive that evokes the cognitive work of worrying. Leventhal stresses the importance of coping behavior for adaptation, while anxiety may or may not accompany this coping process. Both theories have empirical support. The aim of this study was to determine whether both theories could show empirical support because the scientists chose different methods: Janis used interviews, Leventhal and Lazarus anxiety scales. The study analyzed the pre- and postoperative emotional reactions of surgical patients with three different methods of anxiety measurement: an anxiety scale, a fear thermometer, and a psychoanalytic interview (Gottschalk-Gleser content analysis method). The different methods were compared and related to the adaptation behavior (Table 3). The data showed a clear interaction between the selected methods and respective theories about the effects of preoperative anxiety on intra- and postoperative adaptation. The anxiety scales showed no correlation with adaptation behavior (blood pressure and heart rate during surgery; postoperative pain medication) and were not related to the anxiety scores obtained from the interview (content analysis). On the other hand, the interview anxiety measurements showed a clear relationship between separation anxiety (and also shame anxiety), physiological excitement during surgery (increase in heart rate), and postoperative medication (increased analgesics and tranquilizers). The patients who worried about the risks of surgery (Verletzungsangst, see Fig. 3) had very good perioperative adjustment, so that the quality of anxiety measured in the interview was very important for the prediction of adaptation.

  15. Patient-related risk factors for surgical site infection following eight types of gastrointestinal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukuda, H

    2016-08-01

    To identify patient-related risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) following eight types of gastrointestinal surgery that could be collected as part of infection surveillance efforts. Record linkage from existing datasets comprising the Japan Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (JANIS) and Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) programmes. Patient data from 35 hospitals were retrieved using JANIS and DPC from 2007 to 2011. Patient-related factors and the incidence of SSI were recorded and analysed. Risk factors associated with SSI were examined using multi-level mixed-effects logistic regression models. In total, 2074 appendectomies; 2084 bile duct, liver or pancreatic procedures; 3460 cholecystectomies; 7273 colonic procedures; 482 oesophageal procedures; 4748 gastric procedures; 2762 rectal procedures and 1202 small bowel procedures were analysed. Using multi-variate analyses, intra-operative blood transfusion was found to be a risk factor for SSI following all types of gastrointestinal surgery, except appendectomy and small bowel surgery. In addition, diabetes was found to be a risk factor for SSI following colon surgery [odds ratio (OR) 1.23, P=0.028] and gastric surgery (OR 1.70, PInfection Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Sex differences in self-concept in Spanish secondary school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotelo, M J

    2000-12-01

    The aims of the study were to examine differences between boys and girls in global self-esteem and in specific domains of self-concept. Several measures of global self-esteem and multidimensional self-concept were administered to 61 boys and 64 girls. Analysis showed that boys reported higher scores than girls on global self-esteem, measured on the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory and the Feelings of Inadequacy Scale by Janis-Field, but this result was not reproduced when self-esteem was measured on the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. No differences have been found in domain-specific self-concepts, except for the ethical-moral self-concept, on which girls reported higher scores than boys.

  17. Cosmic Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, S. K.; Mallik, D. C. V.; Vishveshwara, C. V.

    2008-07-01

    1. Astronomy in ancient and medieval China Joseph Needham; 2. Indian astronomy: an historical perspective B. V. Subbarayappa; 3. Making of astronomy in ancient India Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya; 4. The impact of astronomy on the development of western science Jean-Claude Pecker; 5. Man and the Universe Hubert Reeves; 6. Understanding the Universe - challenges and directions in modern observational astronomy Harlan Smith, Jr: 7. Frontiers in cosmology Fred Hoyle; 8. Did the Universe originate in a big bang? Jayant Narlikar; 9. The dark matter problem Bernard Carr; 10. Geometry and the Universe C. V. Vishveshwara; 11. The origin and evolution of life Cyril Ponnamperuma; 12. The anthropic principle: self selection as an adjunct to natural selection Brandon Carter; 13. Astrology and science: an examination of the evidence Ivan Kelly, Roger Culver and Peter Loptson; 14. Astronomy and science fiction Allen Janis.

  18. Light on curved backgrounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batic, D.; Nelson, S.; Nowakowski, M.

    2015-05-01

    We consider the motion of light on different spacetime manifolds by calculating the deflection angle, lensing properties and by probing into the possibility of bound states. The metrics in which we examine the light motion include, among other items, a general relativistic dark matter metric, a dirty black hole, and a worm hole metric, the last two inspired by noncommutative geometry. The lensing in a holographic screen metric is discussed in detail. We study also the bending of light around naked singularities like, e.g., the Janis-Newman-Winicour metric and include other cases. A generic property of light behavior in these exotic metrics is pointed out. For the standard metric like the Schwarzschild and Schwarzschild-de Sitter cases, we improve the accuracy of the lensing results for the weak and strong regimes.

  19. Light on curved backgrounds

    CERN Document Server

    Batic, D; Nowakowski, M

    2014-01-01

    We consider the motion of light on different spacetime manifolds by calculating the deflection angle, lensing properties and by probing into the possibility of bound states. The metrics in which we examine the light motion include, among other, a general relativistic Dark Matter metric, a dirty Black Hole and a Worm Hole metric, the last two inspired by non-commutative geometry. The lensing in a Holographic Screen metric is discussed in detail. We study also the bending of light around naked singularities like, e.g., the Janis-Newman-Winicour metric and include other cases. A generic property of light behaviour in these exotic metrics is pointed out. For the standard metric like the Schwarzschild and Schwarzschild-de Sitter cases we improve the accuracy of the lensing results for the weak and strong regime.

  20. Some correlates of trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, T; Stimpson, D V; Maughan, M R

    1978-05-01

    Trust has been variously defined by behavioral scientists and not very thoroughly investigated. In this study trust was defined as an expectancy held by an individual that the behavior of another person or a group would be altruistic and personally beneficial. An attempt was made, using this conceptual definition, to identify some personality and behavioral correlates of trust. Seven interpersonal relations groups with approximately 10 male and female undergraduates per group were studied with use of the Janis and Field self-esteem inventory, Schutz's FIRO-B scale, and the Rotter internal-external scale. It was discovered that a trusted person is one who is highly influential, has an internal locus of control, a low need to control others, high self-esteem, and is open to being influenced by others.

  1. Building Cosmological Frozen Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Kastor, David

    2016-01-01

    Janis-Newman-Winicour (JNW) spacetimes generalize the Schwarzschild solution to include a massless scalar field. Although suffering from naked singularities, they share the `frozen star' features of Schwarzschild black holes. Cosmological versions of the JNW spacetimes were discovered some time ago by Husain, Martinez and Nunez and by Fonarev. Unlike Schwarzschild-deSitter black holes, these solutions are dynamical, and the scarcity of exact solutions for dynamical black holes in cosmological backgrounds motivates their further study. Here we show how the cosmological JNW spacetimes can be built, starting from simpler, static, higher dimensional, vacuum `JNW brane' solutions via two different generalized dimensional reduction schemes that together cover the full range of JNW parameter space. Cosmological versions of a BPS limit of charged dilaton black holes are also known. JNW spacetimes represent a different limiting case of the charged, dilaton black hole family. We expect that understanding this second da...

  2. A AUTO-ESTIMA EM ADOLESCENTES COM E SEM FISSURAS DE LÁBIO E/OU DE PALATO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrade Denise de

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O auto-conceito é um determinante importante da auto-estima, entre homens e mulheres, isto nos fez refletir sobre o processo de reabilitação das pessoas portadoras de malformação. Utilizamos para mensurar o nível de auto-estima a escala de Janis e Field. Entrevistou-se 608 adolescentes sendo 235 com e 373 sem fissuras de lábio e/ou de palato, entre idades de 17 a 20 anos e de ambos o sexos. Analisando os níveis de auto-estima concluímos que o grupo de adolescentes com fissuras se comporta de forma diferente do grupo sem fissura, ou seja, os portadores de fissuras exibem menores escores de auto-estima.

  3. Total Magnification and Magnification Centroid Due to Strongly Naked Singularity Lensing

    CERN Document Server

    DeAndrea, Justin

    2015-01-01

    A strongly naked singularity (SNS) was modelled at the center of the Galaxy. This specific type of naked singularity was characterized in 2008 by Virbhadra and Keeton. The lens is described using the Janis-Newman-Winicour metric, which has an ordinary mass and massless scalar charge parameters. Gravitational lensing by the SNS gives rise to 4 images: 2 images on the same side as the source and 2 images on the opposite side of the source from the optic axis. We compute magnification centroid, magnification centroid shift, and total absolute magnification for many values of the angular source position. The nature of the curve for all three results are qualitatively similar to Schwarzschild black hole lenses, but quantitatively different. Magnification centroid increases as angular source position increases. As angular source position increases, magnification centroid shift increases to a maximum value, and then begins to decrease. As angular source position becomes large, magnification centroid shift will appro...

  4. Preventing Groupthink Revisited: Evaluating and Reforming Groups in Government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart

    1998-02-01

    This article critically examines Janis's recommendations for preventing groupthink in high-level policymaking. It puts forward three models of small group functioning in government, each of which highlights different dimensions of collegial policymaking and distinct criteria for evaluating group performance. Each model also inspires different proposals for groupthink prevention and improvement of group performance in general. Proposals for designing and managing high-level groups in government need to take into account these multiple perspectives. Furthermore, their proponents should be aware of the institutionalized and competitive context in which political decision groups operate. Evaluations of their performance and proposals for reforming them are inevitably tied up in this process. This has important implications for the feasibility of recommendations set forth by small group analysts. The article concludes with an agenda for increasing the policy relevance and practical feasibility of research on political decision groups. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  5. Effects of dominance on group decision making: toward a stress-reduction explanation of groupthink.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callaway, M R; Marriott, R G; Esser, J K

    1985-10-01

    Janis (1972) proposed that groupthink is essentially a stress-reduction process. Cohesive groups reduce the stress of decision making by suppressing critical inquiry. Theoretically, groupthink could be prevented in cohesive groups if the stress could be diffused by other factors. We investigated the effects of task structure (decision-making procedures) and an individual factor (dominance) on the quality of group decision making, anxiety, and symptoms of groupthink. Students (n = 112) participated in twenty-eight 4-person, mixed-sex groups. Groups composed of highly dominant members made higher quality decisions, exhibited lower state anxiety, and took more time to reach a decision. They also tended to make more statements of disagreement and agreement, and to report more group influence on the members. Decision-making procedures had little effect on the decision process.

  6. Kerr-Newman Black Hole In Quintessence

    CERN Document Server

    Xu, Zhaoyi

    2016-01-01

    We study the Kerr-Newman solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equation in quintessence field around a black hole by Newman-Janis algorithm. From the horizon structure and stationary limit surfaces, we find that Kerr-Newman black hole exists an ergosphere with $r^{+} < r < r^{L}$, which is related to the parameters $\\omega$ and $\\alpha$. We obtain the general expression between $\\alpha$ and $\\omega$ if the cosmological horizon exists, in which for $\\omega=-1/2$, $\\alpha\\leq\\sqrt{2}/5$, and for $\\omega=-2/3$, $\\alpha\\leq 1/6$. For $\\omega=-2/3$, the result is same with rotational black hole in quintessence. The singularity of the black holes is the same with that of Kerr black hole. We also discuss the rotation velocity of the black holes on the equatorial plane for $\\omega =-2/3$ and $-1/2$.

  7. Newtonian analogue of static general relativistic spacetimes: An extension to naked singularities

    CERN Document Server

    Ghosh, Shubhrangshu; Bhadra, Arunava

    2015-01-01

    We formulate a generic Newtonian like analogous potential for static spherically symmetric general relativistic (GR) spacetime, and subsequently derived proper Newtonian like analogous potential corresponding to Janis-Newman-Winicour (JNW) and Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m (RN) spacetimes, both exhibiting naked singularities. The derived potentials found to reproduce the entire GR features including the orbital dynamics of the test particle motion and the orbital trajectories, with precise accuracy. The nature of the particle orbital dynamics including their trajectory profiles in JNW and RN geometries show altogether different behavior with distinctive traits as compared to the nature of particle dynamics in Schwarzschild geometry. Exploiting the Newtonian like analogous potentials, we found that the radiative efficiency of a geometrically thin and optically thick Keplerian accretion disk around naked singularities corresponding to both JNW and RN geometries, in general, is always higher than that for Schwarzschild...

  8. Penrose process in a charged axion-dilaton coupled black hole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ganguly, Chandrima [University of Cambridge, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Cambridge (United Kingdom); SenGupta, Soumitra [Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Department of Theoretical Physics, Kolkata (India)

    2016-04-15

    Using the Newman-Janis method to construct the axion-dilaton coupled charged rotating black holes, we show that the energy extraction from such black holes via the Penrose process takes place from the axion/Kalb-Ramond field energy responsible for rendering the angular momentum to the black hole. Determining the explicit form for the Kalb-Ramond field strength, which is argued to be equivalent to spacetime torsion, we demonstrate that at the end of the energy extraction process, the spacetime becomes torsion free with a spherically symmetric non-rotating black hole remnant. In this context, applications to physical phenomena, such as the emission of neutral particles in astrophysical jets, are also discussed. It is seen that the infalling matter gains energy from the rotation of the black hole, or equivalently from the axion field, and that it is ejected as a highly collimated astrophysical jet. (orig.)

  9. Deflection of light ray due to a charged body using Material Medium Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Roy, Saswati

    2015-01-01

    The gravitational deflection of light ray is an important prediction of General Theory of Relativity. In this paper we develop analytical expression of the deflection of light ray without any weak field approximation due to a charged gravitational body represented by Reissner_Nordstr\\"om (RN) and Janis-Newman-Winicour (JNW) space time geometry, using material medium approach. It is concluded that although both the geometries represent the charged, non-rotating, spherically symmetric gravitating body, but the effect of charge on the gravitational deflection is just opposite to each other. The gravitational deflection decreases with charge in the RN geometry and increases with charge in the JNW geometry. The calculations obtained here are compared with other methods done by different authors. The formalism is applied to an arbitrary selected pulsar PSRB1937+21 as a gravitating body, as a test case.

  10. Spacetime completeness of non-singular black holes in conformal gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Bambi, Cosimo; Rachwal, Leslaw

    2016-01-01

    We explicitly prove that the Weyl conformal symmetry solves the black hole singularity problem, otherwise unavoidable in a generally covariant local or non-local gravitational theory. Moreover, we yield explicit examples of local and non-local theories enjoying Weyl and diffeomorphism symmetry (in short co-covariant theories). Following the seminal paper by Narlikar and Kembhavi, we provide an explicit construction of singularity-free spherically symmetric and axi-symmetric exact solutions for black hole spacetimes conformally equivalent to the Schwarzschild or the Kerr spacetime. We first check the absence of divergences in the Kretschmann invariant for the rescaled metrics. Afterwords, we show that the new types of black holes are geodesically complete and linked by a Newman-Janis transformation just as in standard general relativity (based on Einstein-Hilbert action). Furthermore, we argue that no massive or massless particles can reach the former Schwarzschild singularity or touch the former Kerr ring sin...

  11. And now, for the winners.

    CERN Multimedia

    Alizée Dauvergne

    2010-01-01

    The Computer Security Day held on 10 June was a success. There were eight presentations, with some forty people attending each session.     The presentation videos can be viewed on Indico. The computer security team’s new website is now up and running, with a wealth of useful information and advice. Go to http://cern.ch/Computer.Security.     The quiz attracted 130 participants, and the answers have now been posted on line! The quiz winners are: Lars Aprin, Richard Baud, Thibaut Bernard, Brice Copy, Daniele de Ruschi, Sébastien Gadrat, Amanda Garcia Munoz, Stephen Gowdy, Joni Hahkala, Joseph Izen, Ryszard Erazm Jurga, Jukka Klem, Danila Oleynik, Ian Pong, Pascal Serge Roguet, Jani Tapani Taskinen, Jan Therhaag, Yves Thurel, Adrian Vogel, Thomas White. Well done to all! If you haven’t done so already, you should soon be getting your prize (i.e. a book, a T-shirt or a bag, etc.).  

  12. Fermi Normal Coordinates and Fermion Curvature Couplings in General Relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Dey, Anshuman; Sarkar, Tapobrata

    2014-01-01

    We study gravitational curvature effects in circular and radial geodesics in static, spherically symmetric space-times, using Fermi normal coordinates. We first set up these coordinates in the general case, and then use this to study effective magnetic fields due to gravitational curvature in the exterior and interior Schwarzschild, Janis-Newman-Winicour, and Bertrand space-times. We show that these fields can be large for specific parameter values in the theories, and thus might have observational significance. We discuss the qualitative differences of the magnetic field for vacuum space-times and for those seeded by matter. We estimate the magnitude of these fields in realistic galactic scenarios and discuss their possible experimental relevance. Gravitational curvature corrections to the Hydrogen atom spectrum for these space-times are also discussed briefly.

  13. Revisiting the Bay of Pigs and Vietnam Decisions 25 Years Later: How Well Has the Groupthink Hypothesis Stood the Test of Time?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer

    1998-02-01

    Even after a quarter of a century, the groupthink hypothesis remains an influential framework for understanding the origins of group decision making fiascoes. Much of the original empirical evidence for this hypothesis was derived from a series of incisive qualitative studies of major policy fiascoes, including the ill-fated Bay of Pigs invasion and U.S. military escalation of the Vietnam War. In the 25 years since the groupthink hypothesis was first formulated, new evidence, including recently declassified documents, rich oral histories, and informative memoirs by key participants in these decisions have become available to scholars, casting new light on the decision making process behind both the Bay of Pigs and Vietnam. Much of this new evidence does not support Janis's original characterization of these processes. In particular, it suggests that dysfunctional group dynamics stemming from group members' strivings to maintain group cohesiveness were not as prominent a causal factor in the deliberation process as Janis argued. Instead, the evidence suggests that the decision making process was heavily influenced by how Presidents Kennedy and Johnson construed their options. Both Kennedy and Johnson tended to evaluate their alternatives primarily in terms of their political consequences, especially the desire to avoid what they construed as unacceptable political losses and potential damage to their reputations. Viewed in aggregate, this new evidence suggests that the groupthink hypothesis overstates the influence of small group dynamics, while understating the role political considerations played in these decisions. Thus, although both decisions may have been seriously flawed, the logic of this failure should be attributed to political psychological rather than social psychological processes. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  14. Reproductive biology and its impact on body size: comparative analysis of mammalian, avian and dinosaurian reproduction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Werner

    Full Text Available Janis and Carrano (1992 suggested that large dinosaurs might have faced a lower risk of extinction under ecological changes than similar-sized mammals because large dinosaurs had a higher potential reproductive output than similar-sized mammals (JC hypothesis. First, we tested the assumption underlying the JC hypothesis. We therefore analysed the potential reproductive output (reflected in clutch/litter size and annual offspring number of extant terrestrial mammals and birds (as "dinosaur analogs" and of extinct dinosaurs. With the exception of rodents, the differences in the reproductive output of similar-sized birds and mammals proposed by Janis and Carrano (1992 existed even at the level of single orders. Fossil dinosaur clutches were larger than litters of similar-sized mammals, and dinosaur clutch sizes were comparable to those of similar-sized birds. Because the extinction risk of extant species often correlates with a low reproductive output, the latter difference suggests a lower risk of population extinction in dinosaurs than in mammals. Second, we present a very simple, mathematical model that demonstrates the advantage of a high reproductive output underlying the JC hypothesis. It predicts that a species with a high reproductive output that usually faces very high juvenile mortalities will benefit more strongly in terms of population size from reduced juvenile mortalities (e.g., resulting from a stochastic reduction in population size than a species with a low reproductive output that usually comprises low juvenile mortalities. Based on our results, we suggest that reproductive strategy could have contributed to the evolution of the exceptional gigantism seen in dinosaurs that does not exist in extant terrestrial mammals. Large dinosaurs, e.g., the sauropods, may have easily sustained populations of very large-bodied species over evolutionary time.

  15. Distributional sources for Newman's holomorphic Coulomb field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaiser, Gerald [Center for Signals and Waves, Austin, TX (United States)

    2004-09-10

    Newman (1973 J. Math. Phys. 14 102-3) considered the holomorphic extension E-tilde(z) of the Coulomb field E(x) in R{sup 3}. From an analysis of its multipole expansion, he concluded that the real and imaginary parts E(x+iy){identical_to}Re E-tilde(x+iy), H(x+iy){identical_to}Im E-tilde(x+iy), viewed as functions of x, are the electric and magnetic fields generated by a spinning ring of charge R. This represents the EM part of the Kerr-Newman solution to the Einstein-Maxwell equations (Newman E T and Janis A I 1965 J. Math. Phys. 6 915-7; Newman E T et al 1965 J. Math. Phys. 6 918-9). As already pointed out in Newman and Janis (1965 J. Math. Phys. 6 915-7), this interpretation is somewhat problematic since the fields are double-valued. To make them single-valued, a branch cut must be introduced so that R is replaced by a charged disc D having R as its boundary. In the context of curved spacetime, D becomes a spinning disc of charge and mass representing the singularity of the Kerr-Newman solution. Here we confirm the above interpretation of E and H without resorting to asymptotic expansions, by computing the charge and current densities directly as distributions in R{sup 3} supported in D. This will show that D spins rigidly at the critical rate so that its rim R moves at the speed of light.

  16. PREFACE: Annual Conference on Functional Materials and Nanotechnologies - FM&NT 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Andris; Muzikante, Inta; Zicans, Janis

    2011-06-01

    The International Conference Functional Materials and Nanotechnologies (FM&NT-2011) was held in Riga, 5-8 April 2011 in the Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia (ISSP LU). The conference was organized in co-operation with projects ERANET 'MATERA' and National Research programme in Materials Science and Information Technologies. The purpose of the conference was to bring together scientists, engineers and students from universities, research institutes and related industrial companies active in the field of advanced material science and materials technologies trends and future activities. Scientific themes covered in the conference are: theoretical research and modelling of processes and materials; materials for energetics, renewable energy technologies and phtovoltaics; multifunctional inorganic, organic and hybrid materials for photonic, micro and nanoelectronic applications and innovative methods for research of nanostructures; advanced technologies for synthesis and research of nanostructured materials, nanoparticles, thin films and coatings; application of innovative materials in science and economics. The number of registered participants from 17 countries was nearly 300. During three days of the conference 22 invited, 69 oral reports and 163 posters were presented. 40 papers, based on these reports, are included in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Additional information about FM&NT-2011 is available in its homepage http://www.fmnt.lu.lv. The Organizing Committee would like to thank all speakers, contributors, session chairs, referees and meeting staff for their efforts in making the FM&NT-2011 successful. The Organizing Committee sincerely hopes that that the conference gave all participants new insights into the widespread development of functional materials and nanotechnologies and would enhance the circulation of information released at the meeting. Andris Sternberg Inta Muzikante Janis Zicans

  17. From under the shadows: developing awareness in a conventional market with a product less recognized

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Barber

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Nelson Barber, Janis DonovanWhittemore School of Business, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USAAbstract: The wine industry has considered product quality as the benchmark driving ­competitiveness, with wine quality the target standard. This focus on quality exposes producers to intense price competition with consumers alternating between wines. Some research has been done on country of origin suggesting the value consumers place on specific origins goes deeper than quality and price, inferring the presence of other dimensions such as emotional, economic, and social associations. However, little has been done to determine the value consumers place on the sub-wine regions of these larger countries. This study examines dimensions of wine region brand equity, by analyzing benefits sought by consumers. Data was collected through a survey conducted in the United States which identified drivers of preferences for wine regions and relationships that may exist between those drivers and wine region preferences. The findings suggest brand equity of small wine regions results from consumer motivational factors and these factors are determinants of consumer preferences. Linking these factors to consumer, demographic and location allows for direct marketing strategies.Keywords: wine region brand equity, consumer, gender, millennial

  18. Strong gravitational lensing by a Konoplya-Zhidenko rotating non-Kerr compact object

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Shangyun; Jing, Jiliang

    2016-01-01

    Konoplya and Zhidenko have proposed recently a rotating non-Kerr black hole metric beyond General Relativity and make an estimate for the possible deviations from the Kerr solution with the data of GW 150914. We here study the strong gravitational lensing in such a rotating non-Kerr spacetime with an extra deformation parameter. We find that the condition of existence of horizons is not inconsistent with that of the marginally circular photon orbit. Moreover, the deflection angle of the light ray near the weakly naked singularity covered by the marginally circular orbit diverges logarithmically in the strong-field limit, but in the case of the completely naked singularity, it is a nagetive finite value as in the Janis-Newman-Winicour spacetime. These properties of strong gravitational lensing are different from those in the Johannsen-Psaltis rotating non-Kerr spacetime. Modeling the supermassive central object of the Milk Way Galaxy as a Konoplya-Zhidenko rotating non-Kerr compact object, we estimated the num...

  19. Importance and usefulness of evaluating self-esteem in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosogi Mizuho

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Self-esteem is the "feeling of self-appreciation" and is an indispensable emotion for people to adapt to society and live their lives. For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised contributes profoundly to the development of their self-esteem, which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. Various psychologists have provided definitions of self-esteem, and examined methods of objectively evaluating self-esteem. Questionnaire-style assessment methods for adult include Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Janis-Field Feeling of Inadequacy Scale, and these for children include Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Pope's 5-Scale Test of Self-Esteem for children, and Kid- KINDL®. Other methods include Ziller Social Self-Esteem Scale and Implicit Association Test. The development of children's self-esteem is heavily influenced by their environment, that is, their homes, neighborhoods, and schools. Children with damaged self-esteem are at risk of developing psychological and social problems, which hinders recovery from low self-esteem. Thus, to recover low self-esteem, it is important for children to accumulate a series of successful experiences to create a positive concept of self. Evaluating children's self-esteem can be an effective method for understanding their past and present circumstances, and useful to treat for children with psychosomatic disorders.

  20. Measurement of thermal conductivity of materials down to 4.5 K for development of cryosorption pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Ravi; Behera, Upendra; Kasthurirengan, S.; Shivaprakash, N. C.; Udgata, S. S.; Gangradey, R.

    2017-02-01

    Cryosorption pumps belong to the class of entrapment or capture vacuum pumps and they retain the gas molecules by sorption and / or by condensation on its internal surfaces. An important aspect in their development is the proper adhesion of the activated carbon granules onto the metallic panel and their cooling to the lowest possible temperature by using high thermal conductivity adhesives for adhering the activated carbons. Hence, the thermal conductivity data of the select adhesives and activated carbons down to 4.5 K are quite essential, but they are not available in open literature. Towards this, an experimental setup has been developed to measure the thermal conductivities of samples with high or low thermal conductivities from 300 K to 4.5 K, with liquid helium using a Janis SuperVariTemp cryostat. This paper presents the details of the experimental setup and the results of our studies on (i) standard samples and (ii) epoxy based adhesives samples. The above studies will enable to make the right choice of adhesives for the development of cryosorption pumps.

  1. Cannabis, alcohol use, psychological distress, and decision-making style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, James G; Ogeil, Rowan P

    2017-09-01

    There have been suggestions of hypofrontality in cannabis users. To understand cannabis-related differences in decisional processes, Janis and Mann's conflict model of decision making was applied to recreational cannabis smokers who varied in their alcohol use and level of psychological distress. An online sample of recreational substance users (114 male, 119 female) completed the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), Kessler's Psychological Distress Scale (K10), and the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) for cannabis. Multivariate analysis of variance examined self-reported decision-making styles as a function of gender, recent cannabis use, risky alcohol consumption, and levels of psychological distress. Psychological distress was associated with lower decisional self-esteem and higher levels of procrastination and buck-passing. There were gender differences associated with cannabis use. Female cannabis users reported higher levels of hypervigilance, while male cannabis users reported lower levels of buck-passing. Although there was little indication of an avoidant decisional style in cannabis users, the results suggest that cannabis affects decisional processes, contributing to panic in females and impulsivity in males.

  2. Negative Time Delay in Strongly Naked Singularity Lensing

    CERN Document Server

    DeAndrea, Justin P

    2014-01-01

    We model the supermassive galactic center of the Milky Way galaxy as a strongly naked singularity lens described by the Janis-Newman-Winicour metric. This metric has an ordinary mass and a massless scalar charge parameters. For very accurate results, we use Virbhadra-Ellis lens equation for computations. The galactic center serving as gravitational lens gives rise to 4 images: 2 images on the same side as the source and 2 images on the opposite side of the source from the optic axis. We compute positions and time delays of these images for many values of the angular source position. The time delays of primary images decrease with increase in the angular source position and is always negative. The time delays of the other 3 images are negative for small angular source position; however, they increase with an increase in angular source position. Such observations would support strongly naked singularity interpretation of the galactic center and, if ever observed, would disprove the cosmic censorship hypothesis ...

  3. An embedded decisional model of stress and coping: implications for exploring treatment decision making by women with breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balneaves, L G; Long, B

    1999-12-01

    Treatment decision making by women with breast cancer has been recognized to be an inherently stressful process. However, past decisional theory and research has failed to fully elucidate the personal, transactional, and relational nature of choice behaviour. The purpose of this paper is to explore an embedded decisional model of stress and coping that locates key assumptions of Janis & Mann's (1977) conflict-theory model of decision making within Lazarus & Folkman's (1984) transactional framework. Through combining decisional and stress and coping theories, a model is developed that addresses the theoretical limitations of the conflict-theory model and provides greater specificity within decision-making research. The paper examines the complexity of treatment decision making within the context of the constructs of causal antecedents, primary appraisal, secondary appraisal, coping, and adaptational outcomes. Examples specific to women with breast cancer are provided to illustrate the potential application of the embedded model. The implications of this inclusive and comprehensive decisional theory for future knowledge development and research in the area of treatment decision making are also discussed.

  4. Two Towns in the Lower Volga Region on the Mappa Mundi, 1457

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volkov Igor V.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes a medieval cartographic source – an anonymous so called Genoese World Map of 1457, which has been discussed many times, including in relevant monographs. Unfortunately, most publications contain low resolution and thus unreadable images of this map, or just drawings instead of photos. One can even fi nd some wrong dating or erroneous attribution of this map to Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli. The cartographer strived to produce a combination of data from all available sources: ancient accounts (Claudius Ptolemy, mainly, medieval ecclesiastic mappae mundi, travel accounts from Marco Polo to Nicolo Conti, and navigational portolano-charts. Sources for presentation of the Volga and Caspian Sea basin on this map are not explicitly identifi ed, because there is no explicit protograph known, and the presentation itself is seen as an independent source. The author dates information about this terrain from the rise of the Golden Horde under Uzbeg Khan (1313 – 1341 and Jani Beg (1342 – 1357 to the rise of Tamerlane (ca 1370. Two towns are shown in the Lower Volga region: Sarai (Sala and “the other Sarai” (Saraalis. Their correlation with the Selitrennoye and Tsarevskoye hillforts is not so obvious as on the maps derived from Fra Mauro’s protograph, but this correlation is most likely. This map is another source demonstrating that the idea of just one Sarai (this idea emerged in 1990s is not plausible.

  5. From Risk Analysis to the Safety Case. Values in Risk Assessments. A Report Based on Interviews with Experts in the Nuclear Waste Programs in Sweden and Finland. A Report from the RISCOM II Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drottz Sjoeberg, Britt-Marie [Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway). Dept. of Psychology

    2004-06-01

    The report focuses on values in risk assessment, and is based on interviews with safety assessment experts and persons working at the national authorities in Sweden and Finland working in the area of nuclear waste management. The interviews contained questions related to definitions of risk and safety, standards, constraints and degrees of freedom in the work, data collections, reliability and validity of systems and the safety assessments, as well as communication between experts, and experts and non-experts. The results pointed to an increased amount of data and relevant factors considered in the analyses over time, changing the work content and process from one of risk analysis to a multifaceted teamwork towards the assessment of 'the safety case'. The multifaceted systems approach highlighted the increased importance of investigating assumptions underlying e.g. integration of diverse systems, and simplification procedures. It also highlighted the increased reliance on consensus building processes within the extended expert group, the importance of adequate communication abilities within the extended expert group, as well as the importance of transparency and communication relative the larger society. The results are discussed with reference to e.g. Janis 'groupthink' theory and Kuhns ideas of paradigmatic developments in science. It is concluded that it is well advised, in addition to the ordinary challenges of the work, to investigate also the implicit assumptions involved in the work processes to further enhance the understanding of safety assessments.

  6. Leadership, cohesion and groupthink

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iurchevici Iulia

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Groupthink Phenomenon refers to the tendency of the members of a group to reach solidarity and cohesion, the trend that makes to bypass any questions which would lead to disputes. In such cases, if the members expect counter-arguments regarding a certain issue, they avoid to raise the matter. If it is believed that a question cannot be answered – it isn’t asked. Originally, Janis the author of the term, explains this process through the environment that has been established within groups that are in the leading position, but later, puts a strong emphasis towards the tendency to maintain the unanimity of the decision of the group. As preceding conditions of this decision-making process are listed the following: the high cohesion of the group, its isolation from other external sources of information, the lack of an impartial leadership, lack of appropriate legal framework and procedures in the decision - making process, and also “homogeneity of members, background and their ideology”. The Groupthink is manifested by: Illusion of Invulnerability, Collective Rationalization, Illusion of morality, Out – Group Stereotypes, Strong pressures towards conformism, Self – Censorship, Illusions of unanimity, and the presence of “Mind Guards”. In order to understand the decisions of a group, it is important that some analysis of Groupthink to be done, because in this way, can be controlled or eliminated the communicational distortion that occurs at a time among members forming these groups.

  7. Rotating regular black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Bambi, Cosimo

    2013-01-01

    The formation of spacetime singularities is a quite common phenomenon in General Relativity and it is regulated by specific theorems. It is widely believed that spacetime singularities do not exist in Nature, but that they represent a limitation of the classical theory. While we do not yet have any solid theory of quantum gravity, toy models of black hole solutions without singularities have been proposed. So far, there are only non-rotating regular black holes in the literature. These metrics can be hardly tested by astrophysical observations, as the black hole spin plays a fundamental role in any astrophysical process. In this letter, we apply the Newman-Janis algorithm to the Hayward and to the Bardeen black hole metrics. In both cases, we obtain a family of rotating solutions. Every solution corresponds to a different matter configuration. Each family has one solution with special properties, which can be written in Kerr-like form in Boyer-Lindquist coordinates. These special solutions are of Petrov type ...

  8. Role of ( n,2 n) reactions in transmutation of long-lived fission products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apse, V. A.; Kulikov, G. G.; Kulikov, E. G.

    2016-12-01

    The conditions under which ( n,γ) and ( n,2 n) reactions can help or hinder each other in neutron transmutation of long-lived fission products (LLFPs) are considered. Isotopic and elemental transmutation for the main long-lived fission products, 79Se, 93Zr, 99Tc, 107Pd, 126Sn, 129I, and 135Cs, are considered. The effect of ( n,2 n) reactions on the equilibrium amount of nuclei of the transmuted isotope and the neutron consumption required for the isotope processing is estimated. The aim of the study is to estimate the influence of ( n,2 n) reactions on efficiency of neutron LLFP transmutation. The code TIME26 and the libraries of evaluated nuclear data ABBN-93, JEF-PC, and JANIS system are applied. The following results are obtained: (1) The effect of ( n,2 n) reactions on the minimum number of neutrons required for transmutation and the equilibrium amount of LLFP nuclei is estimated. (2) It is demonstrated that, for three LLFP isotopes (126Sn, 129I, and 135Cs), ( n,γ) and ( n,2 n) reactions are partners facilitating neutron transmutation. The strongest effect of ( n,2 n) reaction is found for 126Sn transmutation (reduction of the neutron consumption by 49% and the equilibrium amount of nuclei by 19%).

  9. Non-singular rotating black hole with a time delay in the center

    CERN Document Server

    De Lorenzo, Tommaso; Speziale, Simone

    2015-01-01

    As proposed by Bambi and Modesto, rotating non-singular black holes can be constructed via the Newman-Janis algorithm. Here we show that if one starts with a modified Hayward black hole with a time delay in the centre, the algorithm succeeds in producing a rotating metric, but curvature divergences reappear. To preserve finiteness, the time delay must be introduced directly at the level of the non-singular rotating metric. This is possible thanks to the deformation of the inner stationarity limit surface caused by the regularisation, and in more than one way. We outline three different possibilities, distinguished by the angular velocity of the event horizon. Along the way, we provide additional results on the Bambi-Modesto rotating Hayward metric, such as the structure of the regularisation occurring at the centre, the behaviour of the quantum gravity scale alike an electric charge in decreasing the angular momentum of the extremal black hole configuration, or details on the deformation of the ergosphere.

  10. Why would associations between cardiometabolic risk factors and depressive symptoms be linear?

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jonge, Peter; Roest, Annelieke M

    2014-10-28

    In medical science, researchers mostly use the linear model to determine associations among variables, while in reality many associations are likely to be non-linear. Recent advances have shown that associations may be regarded as parts of complex, dynamic systems for which the linear model does not yield valid results. Using as an example the interdepencies between organisms in a small ecosystem, we present the work of Sugihara et al. in Science 2012, 338:496-500 who developed an alternative non-parametric method to determine the true associations among variables in a complex dynamic system. In this context, we discuss the work of Jani et al. recently published in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, (personal communication is incorrect; we never communicated) describing a non-linear, J-shaped curve between a series of cardiometabolic risk factors and depression. Although the exact meaning of these findings may not yet be clear, they represent a first step in a different way of thinking about the relationships among medical variables, namely going beyond the linear model.Please see related article: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2261/14/139.

  11. Particle motion and collisions around rotating regular black hole

    CERN Document Server

    Toshmatov, Bobir; Ahmedov, Bobomurat; Stuchlík, Zdenek

    2014-01-01

    The neutral particle motion around rotating regular black hole that was derived from the Ay\\'{o}n-Beato-Garc\\'{i}a black hole solution by the Newman-Janis algorithm in the preceding paper [Phys. Rev. D 89, 104017, (2014)] has been studied. The dependencies of the ISCO (innermost stable circular orbits along geodesics) and unstable orbits on the value of the electric charge of the rotating regular black hole have been shown. Energy extraction from the rotating regular black hole through various processes has been examined. We have found expression of the center of mass energy for the colliding neutral particles coming from infinity, based on the BSW (Ba\\v{n}ados-Silk-West) mechanism. The electric charge $Q$ of rotating regular black hole decreases the potential of the gravitational field and the particle needs less bound energy at the circular geodesics. This causes the increase of efficiency of the energy extraction through BSW process in the presence of the electric charge $Q$ from rotating regular black hol...

  12. Scalar mesostatic field with regard for gravitational effects

    CERN Document Server

    Fisher, I Z

    1948-01-01

    (Foreword by translator.) The aim of present translation is to clarify the historically important question who was the pioneer in obtaining of exact static solutions of Einstein equations minimally coupled with scalar field. Usually, people cite the works by Janis, Newman, Winicour (Phys. Rev. Lett. 20 (1968) 878) and others authors whereas it is clear that JNW rediscovered (in other coordinates) the Fisher's solution which was obtained 20 years before, in 1947. Regrettably, up to now I continue to meet many papers (even very fresh ones) whose authors evidently do not know about the Fisher's work, so I try to remove this gap by virtue of present translation and putting it into the LANL e-print archive. (Original Abstract.) It is considered the scalar mesostatic field of a point source with the regard for spacetime curvature caused by this field. For the field with $\\mass = 0$ the exact solution of Einstein equations was obtained. It was demonstrated that at small distance from a source the gravitational effec...

  13. Development of a highly efficient conversion electron Moessbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) detector for low temperature (<20 K) measurements and tests on Fe / (Eu{sub x}Pb{sub 1-x})Te bilayers; Desenvolvimento de um detector de alta eficiencia para espectroscopia Moessbauer de eletrons de conversao (CEMS) a baixas temperaturas (<20K) e testes em bicamadas Fe / (Eu{sub x}Pb{sub 1-x})Te

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pombo, Carlos Jose da Silva Matos

    2006-07-01

    The {sup 57}Fe Moessbauer spectroscopy is a nuclear, non-destructive technique used for the investigation of structural, magnetic and hyperfine properties of several materials. It is a powerful tool in characterizing materials in physics, metallurgy, geology and biology field areas, especially magnetic materials, alloys and minerals containing Fe. Lately, the Conversion Electron Moessbauer Spectroscopy (CEMS) is widely used in making studies on ultra-thin magnetic films, as well as other nanostructured materials. In case of magnetic nanostructures, low temperature (LT) studies are especially important due to the possibility of dealing with superparamagnetic effects. In this work it was developed a CEMS measurement system for low temperatures (<20 K) based on a solid-state electron multiplier (Channeltron{sup R}) and an optical cryostat (Model SVT-400, Janis Research Co, USA), from which the project was originally conceived at the Applied Physics / Moessbauer spectroscopy Department from University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany. The LT-CEMS system was fully built, tested and successfully applied in a preliminary characterization of Fe/(Eu{sub x}Pb{sub 1-x})Te(111) bilayers with use of a 15 angstrom, {sup 57} Fe probe layer, with reasonable results at sample temperatures as low as 8 K. (author)

  14. Rotating regular black holes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bambi, Cosimo, E-mail: bambi@fudan.edu.cn; Modesto, Leonardo, E-mail: lmodesto@fudan.edu.cn

    2013-04-25

    The formation of spacetime singularities is a quite common phenomenon in General Relativity and it is regulated by specific theorems. It is widely believed that spacetime singularities do not exist in Nature, but that they represent a limitation of the classical theory. While we do not yet have any solid theory of quantum gravity, toy models of black hole solutions without singularities have been proposed. So far, there are only non-rotating regular black holes in the literature. These metrics can be hardly tested by astrophysical observations, as the black hole spin plays a fundamental role in any astrophysical process. In this Letter, we apply the Newman–Janis algorithm to the Hayward and to the Bardeen black hole metrics. In both cases, we obtain a family of rotating solutions. Every solution corresponds to a different matter configuration. Each family has one solution with special properties, which can be written in Kerr-like form in Boyer–Lindquist coordinates. These special solutions are of Petrov type D, they are singularity free, but they violate the weak energy condition for a non-vanishing spin and their curvature invariants have different values at r=0 depending on the way one approaches the origin. We propose a natural prescription to have rotating solutions with a minimal violation of the weak energy condition and without the questionable property of the curvature invariants at the origin.

  15. Role of (n,2n) reactions in transmutation of long-lived fission products

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Apse, V. A.; Kulikov, G. G., E-mail: ggkulikov@mephi.ru; Kulikov, E. G. [National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) (Russian Federation)

    2016-12-15

    The conditions under which (n,γ) and (n,2n) reactions can help or hinder each other in neutron transmutation of long-lived fission products (LLFPs) are considered. Isotopic and elemental transmutation for the main long-lived fission products, {sup 79}Se, {sup 93}Zr, {sup 99}Tc, {sup 107}Pd, {sup 126}Sn, {sup 129}I, and {sup 135}Cs, are considered. The effect of (n,2n) reactions on the equilibrium amount of nuclei of the transmuted isotope and the neutron consumption required for the isotope processing is estimated. The aim of the study is to estimate the influence of (n,2n) reactions on efficiency of neutron LLFP transmutation. The code TIME26 and the libraries of evaluated nuclear data ABBN-93, JEF-PC, and JANIS system are applied. The following results are obtained: (1) The effect of (n,2n) reactions on the minimum number of neutrons required for transmutation and the equilibrium amount of LLFP nuclei is estimated. (2) It is demonstrated that, for three LLFP isotopes ({sup 126}Sn, {sup 129}I, and {sup 135}Cs), (n,γ) and (n,2n) reactions are partners facilitating neutron transmutation. The strongest effect of (n,2n) reaction is found for {sup 126}Sn transmutation (reduction of the neutron consumption by 49% and the equilibrium amount of nuclei by 19%).

  16. Analýza vybraných faktorov internacionalizácie slovenských firiem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdolenová Jana

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Zapájanie sa slovenských firiem do medzinárodných obchodných vzťahov sa stáva v otvorenej ekonomike, ktorou slovenská ekonomika je, nevyhnutnou súčasťou ich podnikateľských aktivít a v procese globalizácie priam nevyhnutnosťou prinášajúcou firme okrem iných profitov, nie zanedbateľný profit konkurenčnej výhody aj na domácom trhu. Článok sa zaoberá významom internacionalizácie z makroekonomického a mikroekonomického hľadiska a zároveň na základe výsledkov realizovaného empirického prieskumu analyzuje vybrané faktory internacionalizácie firmy – a to kritéria výberu zahraničného trhu a stupeň internacionalizácie, v ktorom sa slovenské firmy nachádzajú.

  17. Turki v slovenski zgodovinski povesti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miran Hladnik

    2015-08-01

      Turcy w słoweńskiej prozie historycznej W kulturowej pamięci Słoweńców Turcy jako najeźdźcy ziem słoweńskich w XV i XVI wieku zajmują miejsce wrogów narodu. Opowiadanie o tematyce tureckiej (ich liczba wynosi niemal 40 jest ważnym gatunkiem w słoweńskiej prozie historycznej. Jego pierwowzór, Jurij Kozjak, slovenski janičar (1864 Josipa Jurčiča, stworzył taki model zbiorowego doświadczenia, który podtrzymuje iluzję, że wrogi Inny właściwie nie istnieje: wcześniej czy później okazuje się bowiem, że niebezpieczni Turcy są jedynie przebranymi miejscowymi wieśniakami. Opowiadania o tematyce tureckiej pisali m.in. Jakob Sket (Miklova Zala, 1884, Franc Valentin Slemenik, Miroslav Malovrh, Lea Fatur, France Bevk, Ivan Lah, Ivan Sivec.

  18. Rotating black hole and quintessence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghosh, Sushant G. [Jamia Millia Islamia, Centre for Theoretical Physics, New Delhi (India); University of KwaZulu-Natal, Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, Private Bag 54001, Durban (South Africa)

    2016-04-15

    We discuss spherically symmetric exact solutions of the Einstein equations for quintessential matter surrounding a black hole, which has an additional parameter (ω) due to the quintessential matter, apart from the mass (M). In turn, we employ the Newman-Janis complex transformation to this spherical quintessence black hole solution and present a rotating counterpart that is identified, for α = -e{sup 2} ≠ 0 and ω = 1/3, exactly as the Kerr-Newman black hole, and as the Kerr black hole when α = 0. Interestingly, for a given value of parameter ω, there exists a critical rotation parameter (a = a{sub E}), which corresponds to an extremal black hole with degenerate horizons, while for a < a{sub E}, it describes a nonextremal black hole with Cauchy and event horizons, and no black hole for a > a{sub E}. We find that the extremal value a{sub E} is also influenced by the parameter ω and so is the ergoregion. (orig.)

  19. Detection of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of cows based on a TaqMan real-time PCR discriminating wild type strains from an lppQ− mutant vaccine strain used for DIVA-strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilei, Edy M.; Frey, Joachim

    2010-01-01

    Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is the most serious cattle disease in Africa, caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small-colony type (SC). CBPP control strategies currently rely on vaccination with a vaccine based on live attenuated strains of the organism. Recently, an lppQ− mutant of the existing vaccine strain T1/44 has been developed (Janis et al., 2008). This T1lppQ− mutant strain is devoid of lipoprotein LppQ, a potential virulence attribute of M. mycoides subsp. mycoides SC. It is designated as a potential live DIVA (Differentiating Infected from Vaccinated Animals) vaccine strain allowing both serological and etiological differentiation. The present paper reports on the validation of a control strategy for CBPP in cattle, whereby a TaqMan real-time PCR based on the lppQ gene has been developed for the direct detection of M. mycoides subsp. mycoides SC in ex vivo bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of cows and for the discrimination of wild type strains from the lppQ− mutant vaccine strain. PMID:20381545

  20. Psychiatric disturbance and decision-making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radford, M H; Mann, L; Kalucy, R S

    1986-06-01

    The relationship between psychiatric disorder (as measured by severity of psychoneurotic status and depression) and decision-making behaviour was examined in a sample of 39 hospitalised patients. Measures based on the conflict theory of decision-making of Janis and Mann (1977) and the expectancy-value theory of decision-making of Edwards (1961) were administered. Patients who scored highest on measures of psychoneurotic disorder--the Middlesex Hospital Questionnaire and the Beck Depression Inventory--were least confident about their decision-making. They also reported a high use of maladaptive decision-making coping patterns, in particular decision avoidance. Slightly over one-half of the patients demonstrated an ability to make rational decisions, while the remainder made either irrational decisions or avoided making any decision at all. Observation in the test session revealed that patients were strikingly slow in answering the questionnaires and often attempted to make no response. The importance of this area of research for patient assessment and treatment is discussed.

  1. KAUST Open Access policy

    KAUST Repository

    Baessa, Mohamed A.

    2017-03-07

    The transition to open access (OA) is being driven by funders, libraries, researchers and publishers around the world, and is having an impact on us all. It is inevitable that different countries, organisations and disciplines are moving at different rates towards an OA model, and it is this that we will focus on in this session. Drawing on experiences from across Europe and the Middle East we will provide perspectives from both a global publisher and institutions based in the region. Taylor & Francis take a flexible, evidence-based approach to open access, providing a choice of publication routes for our authors, and a choice of agreements for our library customers. Carolyn will outline some of the open access developments, opportunities and challenges at Taylor & Francis. The library plays a critical role in facilitating open access for their researchers, from managing a repository to providing support and information on the OA publication process to their authors. Janis Tyhurst and Dr Imad Bachir will each give an overview of how this is being managed by their institution. There will be an opportunity for questions and discussion with the panel.

  2. Importance and usefulness of evaluating self-esteem in children

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Self-esteem is the "feeling of self-appreciation" and is an indispensable emotion for people to adapt to society and live their lives. For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised contributes profoundly to the development of their self-esteem, which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. Various psychologists have provided definitions of self-esteem, and examined methods of objectively evaluating self-esteem. Questionnaire-style assessment methods for adult include Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Janis-Field Feeling of Inadequacy Scale, and these for children include Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Pope's 5-Scale Test of Self-Esteem for children, and Kid- KINDL®. Other methods include Ziller Social Self-Esteem Scale and Implicit Association Test. The development of children's self-esteem is heavily influenced by their environment, that is, their homes, neighborhoods, and schools. Children with damaged self-esteem are at risk of developing psychological and social problems, which hinders recovery from low self-esteem. Thus, to recover low self-esteem, it is important for children to accumulate a series of successful experiences to create a positive concept of self. Evaluating children's self-esteem can be an effective method for understanding their past and present circumstances, and useful to treat for children with psychosomatic disorders. PMID:22433387

  3. Taphonomy of the vertebrate bone beds from the Klūnas fossil site, Upper Devonian Tērvete Formation of Latvia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeļena Vasiļkova

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Combined sedimentological and taphonomical study of the siliciclastic sequence of the Tērvete Formation in the stratotypical area was aimed at revealing the formation of the three oryctocoenoses discovered and related structural and textural features of the deposits, as well as at detailed observation of the taphonomical peculiarities of the obtained palaeontological material. The fossil vertebrate assemblage is represented by 14 taxa comprising placoderms, acanthodians, sarcopterygians and actinopterygians. The three oryctocoenoses, first recognized in 2010, differ in the proportions of repeatedly buried material, in the number and degree of preservation of small and fragile skeletal elements, as well as in the evaluated current velocity and the transportation distance. Sedimentary concentrations of marine vertebrate remains, dominated by the antiarchs Bothriolepis ornata and B. jani, have been formed under the influence of fluvial and tidal processes in the shallow-water environment, deltaic or estuarine settings. Elongated placoderm and sarcopterygian bones are probably better indicators of the palaeoflow direction than acanthodian spines or sarcopterygian teeth.

  4. Susan Nolen-Hoeksema (1959-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaslow, Nadine J; Hilt, Lori; Wisco, Blair E; Brownell, Kelly D

    2013-01-01

    Presents an obituary for Susan Nolen-Hoeksema. Susan received her bachelor's degree from Yale University and her doctorate in clinical psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. Her undergraduate and graduate school mentors were Irving Janis, Robert Sternberg, and Martin Seligman. Susan began her career at Stanford University, where she became a tenured associate professor in 1993, and moved to the University of Michigan, where she was promoted to the rank of professor and directed the Institute for Research on Women and Gender. Susan joined the Yale University Department of Psychology in 2004 as a professor and served as its chair and director of graduate studies. Few words can capture Susan's masterful approach to research, which balanced creativity with pragmatism. A pioneer in the study of depression and a leading figure in research on sex differences in depression, she transformed clinical psychology with her research. Raised in the small town of Stonington, Illinois, Susan acquired a decency, kindness, and strength of character that lasted her lifetime. Despite her academic achievements and stature in the field, she treated everyone with respect and dignity. She was remarkable in her ability to support people through difficult circumstances, fairly treat all individuals, and be a kind and dedicated mentor and colleague to those of us fortunate enough to know her. Our field is richer for her presence, and her untimely death is a tragic loss. There could be no better colleague and friend. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  5. High energy particle collisions and geometry of horizon

    CERN Document Server

    Zaslavskii, O B

    2016-01-01

    We consider collision of two geodesic particles near the horizon of such an axially symmetric black hole (rotating or static) that the metric coefficient $g_{\\phi \\phi }\\rightarrow 0$ there. It is shown that (both for regular and singular horizons) the energy in the centre of mass frame $% E_{c.m.}$ is indefinitely large even without fine-tuning of particles' parameters. Kinematically, this is collision between two rapid particles that approach the horizon almost with the speed of light but at different angles. The latter is the reason why the relative velocity tends to that of light, hence to high $E_{c.m.}$. Our approach is model-independent. It relies on general properties of geometry and is insensitive to the details of material source that supports the geometies of the type under consideration. For several particular models (the stringy black hole, the Brans-Dicke analogue of the Schwarzschild metric and the Janis-Newman-Winicour one) we recover the results found in literature previously.

  6. Perbedaan Sikap Pemilih Pemula Antara Peserta Dan Bukan Peserta “Roadshow Pendidikan Pemilu”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almira Ditrya Kartikatantri

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the differences in attitudes between students of D3 Communication Studies, University of Indonesia as a participant and student D3 and Political Studies Social Sciences University of Indonesia, which is not a participant ‘Roadshow Pendidikan Pemilu’ in the General Election of 2014 raised as one requirement for undergraduate exams S1 Department of Public Relations Faculty of Communication Sciences, University of Padjadjaran. This study used quantitative methods, based on Persuasion Theory (Instrumental Theory of Persuasions proposed by Holland, Janis, and Kelly. The test used is the Mann-Whitney test with a descriptive analysis techniques and interferential. The results showed that there were significant differences in attitudes between the samples. Based on these results, the authors suggested that the team AyoVote fix the contents of the message to make it more structured and more interesting to be delivered to the participants, so the effect will be more significant given. Also to increase the frequency of implementation of activities, so that more people who know a variety of basic science and politics will be aware of their obligations as Indonesian people who have the right to vote to determine the future of his country. This means that the activities carried out successfully change the attitudes of participants became more positive and match the AyoVote Team expectation. Based on these results, the authors suggested that the team AyoVote fix the contents of the message to make it more structured and more interesting to be delivered to the participants, so the effect will be more significant, also to increase the frequency of implementation of activities, so the more people who know the basic politic and conscious political duty as Indonesian people who have the right to vote to determine the future of his country. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan sikap antara mahasiswa D3 Studi Komunikasi

  7. Upper Devonian vertebrate taphonomy and sedimentology from the Klunas fossil site, Tervete Formation, Latvia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasiļkova, J.; Lukševičs, E.; Stinkulis, Ä.¢.; Zupinš, I.

    2012-04-01

    The deposits of the Tervete Formation, Famennian Stage of Latvia, comprising weakly cemented sandstone and sand intercalated with dolomitic marls, siltstone and clay, have been traditionally interpreted as having formed in a shallow, rather restricted sea with lowered salinity. During seven field seasons the excavations took place in the south-western part of Latvia, at the Klunas site, and resulted in extensive palaeontological and sedimentological data. The taphonomical analysis has been performed, having evaluated the size, sorting, orientation of the fossils, articulation and skeletal preservation as well as the degree of fragmentation and abrasion. The sedimentological analysis involved interpretation of sedimentary structures, palaeocurrent direction reconstruction, grain-size analysis and approximate water depth calculations. The vertebrate assemblage of the Klunas site represents all known taxa of the Sparnene Regional Stage of the Baltic Devonian, comprising placoderms Bothriolepis ornata Eichwald, B. jani Lukševičs, Phyllolepis tolli Vasiliauskas, Dunkleosteus sp. and Chelyophorus sp., sarcopterygians Holoptychius nobilissimus Agassiz, Platycephalichthys skuenicus Vorobyeva, Cryptolepis sp., Conchodus sp., Glyptopomus ? sp., "Strunius" ? sp., and Dipterus sp., as well as an undetermined actinopterygian. Placoderms Bothriolepis ornata and B. jani dominate the assemblage. The fossils are represented in the main by fully disarticulated placoderm plates and plate fragments, sarcopterygian scales and teeth, rarely bones of the head and shoulder girdle, and acanthodian spines and scales. The characteristic feature is the great amount of fragmentary remains several times exceeding the number of intact bones. The horizontal distribution of the bones over the studied area is not homogenous, distinct zones of increased or decreased density of fossils can be traced. Zones of the increased density usually contain many elements of various sizes, whereas zones of the

  8. Care coordination between specialty care and primary care: a focus group study of provider perspectives on strong practices and improvement opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim B

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Bo Kim,1,2 Michelle A Lucatorto,3 Kara Hawthorne,4 Janis Hersh,5 Raquel Myers,6 A Rani Elwy,1,7 Glenn D Graham81Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial VA Hospital, Bedford, 2Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 3Office of Nursing Services, Department of Veterans Affairs, 4Chief Business Office, Purchased Care, Washington, DC, 5New England Veterans Engineering Resource Center, Boston, MA, 6SJ Quinney College of Law, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, 7Department of Health Policy and Management, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, 8Specialty Care Services (10P4E, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC, USAAbstract: Care coordination between the specialty care provider (SCP and the primary care provider (PCP is a critical component of safe, efficient, and patient-centered care. Veterans Health Administration conducted a series of focus groups of providers, from specialty care and primary care clinics at VA Medical Centers nationally, to assess 1 what SCPs and PCPs perceive to be current practices that enable or hinder effective care coordination with one another and 2 how these perceptions differ between the two groups of providers. A qualitative thematic analysis of the gathered data validates previous studies that identify communication as being an important enabler of coordination, and uncovers relationship building between specialty care and primary care (particularly through both formal and informal relationship-building opportunities such as collaborative seminars and shared lunch space, respectively to be the most notable facilitator of effective communication between the two sides. Results from this study suggest concrete next steps that medical facilities can take to improve care coordination, using as their basis the mutual understanding and respect developed between SCPs and PCPs through relationship-building efforts

  9. Nová publikace "Exploring regional sustainable development issues. Using the case study approach in higher education" dostupná on-line.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Dlouhý

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available S tématem udržitelného rozvoje na regionální (a globální úrovni souvisí nedávno publikovaná kniha "Exploring regional sustainable development issues. Using the case study approach in higher education" editorů Andrew Bartona a Jany Dlouhé. Jsou zde rekapitulována teoretická východiska pro užití případových studií ve výuce (především na vysokoškolské úrovni, kde představují vhodnou formupředstavení kvalitativních metod výzkumu a jejich využití praxi; obsahuje dále celkem sedm případových studií udržitelného rozvoje, které byly použity jako otevřené vzdělávací zdroje v mezinárodních programech výuky (především v programu ISPoS a EVS. Plný text knihy je dostupný zde. Vznik publikace byl podpořen z projektu MOSUR a projektů TAČR Omega "Metodika tvorby a využití tzv. Open Educational Resources (TD020400" a "Studium a podpora procesů participativní tvorby regionálních strategií UR (TD020120".

  10. New features and improved uncertainty analysis in the NEA nuclear data sensitivity tool (NDaST)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyrda, J.; Soppera, N.; Hill, I.; Bossant, M.; Gulliford, J.

    2017-09-01

    Following the release and initial testing period of the NEA's Nuclear Data Sensitivity Tool [1], new features have been designed and implemented in order to expand its uncertainty analysis capabilities. The aim is to provide a free online tool for integral benchmark testing, that is both efficient and comprehensive, meeting the needs of the nuclear data and benchmark testing communities. New features include access to P1 sensitivities for neutron scattering angular distribution [2] and constrained Chi sensitivities for the prompt fission neutron energy sampling. Both of these are compatible with covariance data accessed via the JANIS nuclear data software, enabling propagation of the resultant uncertainties in keff to a large series of integral experiment benchmarks. These capabilities are available using a number of different covariance libraries e.g., ENDF/B, JEFF, JENDL and TENDL, allowing comparison of the broad range of results it is possible to obtain. The IRPhE database of reactor physics measurements is now also accessible within the tool in addition to the criticality benchmarks from ICSBEP. Other improvements include the ability to determine and visualise the energy dependence of a given calculated result in order to better identify specific regions of importance or high uncertainty contribution. Sorting and statistical analysis of the selected benchmark suite is now also provided. Examples of the plots generated by the software are included to illustrate such capabilities. Finally, a number of analytical expressions, for example Maxwellian and Watt fission spectra will be included. This will allow the analyst to determine the impact of varying such distributions within the data evaluation, either through adjustment of parameters within the expressions, or by comparison to a more general probability distribution fitted to measured data. The impact of such changes is verified through calculations which are compared to a `direct' measurement found by

  11. 谨防集体决策中的群体思维陷阱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明涛

    2005-01-01

    @@ 集体决策是科学决策的基本方式,但不等于科学决策.在集体决策时,即使由经验再丰富的管理者组成的团队也有可能犯下幼稚的错误,共同选择一个失败案,并带来灾难性的后果,这就是所谓的群体思维(groupthink)的陷阱.群体思维理论的创始人詹尼斯(Janis)是这样对其进行界定的:群体思维是"这么一种思维方式,当人们深涉于一个内聚的小团体中而且其成员为追求达成一致而不再尝试现实地评估其他可以替换的行动方案时,他们就坠入这一思维方式".通俗地讲,就是在集体决策中决策成员因某种原因而追求表面一致,导致决策失败的思维方式.历史上,因为集体决策中的群体思维现象而导致严重后果的事件很多,如:美国入侵北朝鲜、水门事件、中国文化大革命,等等.其实,决策过程中的"家长制"、"一言堂"、主官意志、一锤定音等等,也是群体思维的具体表现.

  12. A Silent Safety Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodin, James Ronald

    2006-01-01

    NASA's Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) referred 8 times to the NASA "Silent Safety Program." This term, "Silent Safety Program" was not an original observation but first appeared in the Rogers Commission's Investigation of the Challenger Mishap. The CAIB on page 183 of its report in the paragraph titled 'Encouraging Minority Opinion,' stated "The Naval Reactor Program encourages minority opinions and "bad news." Leaders continually emphasize that when no minority opinions are present, the responsibility for a thorough and critical examination falls to management. . . Board interviews revealed that it is difficult for minority and dissenting opinions to percolate up through the agency's hierarchy. . ." The first question and perhaps the only question is - what is a silent safety program? Well, a silent safety program may be the same as the dog that didn't bark in Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of the Silver Blaze" because system safety should behave as a devil's advocate for the program barking on every occasion to insure a critical review inclusion. This paper evaluates the NASA safety program and provides suggestions to prevent the recurrence of the silent safety program alluded to in the Challenger Mishap Investigation. Specifically targeted in the CAM report, "The checks and balances the safety system was meant to provide were not working." A silent system safety program is not unique to NASA but could emerge in any and every organization. Principles developed by Irving Janis in his book, Groupthink, listed criteria used to evaluate an organization's cultural attributes that allows a silent safety program to evolve. If evidence validates Jams's criteria, then Jams's recommendations for preventing groupthink can also be used to improve a critical evaluation and thus prevent the development of a silent safety program.

  13. Nová publikace "Exploring regional sustainable development issues. Using the case study approach in higher education" dostupná on-line.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Dlouhý

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available S tématem udržitelného rozvoje na regionální (a globální úrovni souvisí nedávno publikovaná kniha "Exploring regional sustainable development issues. Using the case study approach in higher education" editorů Andrew Bartona a Jany Dlouhé. Jsou zde rekapitulována teoretická východiska pro užití případových studií ve výuce (především na vysokoškolské úrovni, kde představují vhodnou formupředstavení kvalitativních metod výzkumu a jejich využití praxi; obsahuje dále celkem sedm případových studií udržitelného rozvoje, které byly použity jako otevřené vzdělávací zdroje v mezinárodních programech výuky (především v programu ISPoS a EVS. Plný text knihy je dostupný zde. Vznik publikace byl podpořen z projektu MOSUR a projektů TAČR Omega "Metodika tvorby a využití tzv. Open Educational Resources (TD020400" a "Studium a podpora procesů participativní tvorby regionálních strategií UR (TD020120".

  14. Inflammatory mechanisms in the lung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Moldoveanu

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available B Moldoveanu1, P Otmishi1, P Jani1, J Walker1,2, X Sarmiento3, J Guardiola1, M Saad1, Jerry Yu11Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA, 40292; 2Department of Respiratory Therapy, Bellarmine University, Louisville, KY, USA, 40205; 3Intensive Care Medicine Service, University Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain 08916Abstract: Inflammation is the body’s response to insults, which include infection, trauma, and hypersensitivity. The inflammatory response is complex and involves a variety of mechanisms to defend against pathogens and repair tissue. In the lung, inflammation is usually caused by pathogens or by exposure to toxins, pollutants, irritants, and allergens. During inflammation, numerous types of inflammatory cells are activated. Each releases cytokines and mediators to modify activities of other inflammatory cells. Orchestration of these cells and molecules leads to progression of inflammation. Clinically, acute inflammation is seen in pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS, whereas chronic inflammation is represented by asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. Because the lung is a vital organ for gas exchange, excessive inflammation can be life threatening. Because the lung is constantly exposed to harmful pathogens, an immediate and intense defense action (mainly inflammation is required to eliminate the invaders as early as possible. A delicate balance between inflammation and anti-inflammation is essential for lung homeostasis. A full understanding of the underlying mechanisms is vital in the treatment of patients with lung inflammation. This review focuses on cellular and molecular aspects of lung inflammation during acute and chronic inflammatory states.Keywords: inflammation, lung, inflammatory mediators, cytokines

  15. Breast restoration decision making: enhancing the process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reaby, L L

    1998-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the breast restoration decision-making patterns used by women who opted to have their breast cancer treated by mastectomy. Sixty-four women wearing external breast prostheses and 31 women with breast reconstructions were interviewed. Modified versions of Simon's notion of "bounded rationality" and Janis and Mann's conflict model provided the conceptual scaffolding for the study. Five breast restoration decision-making patterns emerged from the analysis of the interview data: (a) Enlightened (actively seeks information, considers positive and negative aspects, and demonstrates deliberation on the alternatives), (b) Contented (passively accepts minimum information on alternatives because of a preference toward a particular type), (c) Sideliner (uncritically adopts any alternative that is easy and simple to implement), (d) Shifter (gives over the decision to others), and (e) Panic-stricken (can make no rational decision on alternatives). In the prosthesis group, the major pattern used was the Sideliner, and in the reconstruction group it was the Contented. None of the participants used the Enlightened pattern. The data indicated that there was no evidence of active information-seeking behavior or deliberation on the alternatives as part of the women's decision-making process. The findings suggest a need for a registered nurse oncology specialist to be accessible to women during the period when decisions regarding breast restoration are made. This professional has the knowledge to interact effectively with these women and serve as their advocate during the decision-making process. Implications for professional practice and a model for competent breast restoration decision making are presented.

  16. Creativity, alcohol and drug abuse: the pop icon Jim Morrison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holm-Hadulla, Rainer M; Bertolino, Alina

    2014-01-01

    Alcohol and drug abuse is frequent among performers and pop musicians. Many of them hope that alcohol and drugs will enhance their creativity. Scientific studies are scarce and conclusions limited for methodological reasons. Furthermore, extraordinary creativity can hardly be grasped by empirical-statistical methods. Thus, ideographic studies are necessary to learn from extraordinarily creative persons about the relationship of creativity with alcohol and drugs. The pop icon Jim Morrison can serve as an exemplary case to investigate the interrelation between alcohol and drug abuse and creativity. Morrison's self-assessments in his works and letters as well as the descriptions by others are analyzed under the perspective of creativity research. In the lyrics of Jim Morrison and in biographical descriptions, we can see how Jim Morrison tried to cope with traumatic events, depressive moods and uncontrolled impulses through creative activities. His talent, skill and motivation to write creatively were independent from taking alcohol and drugs. He used alcohol and drugs to transgress restrictive social norms, to broaden his perceptions and to reinforce his struggle for self-actualization. In short, his motivation to create something new and authentic was reinforced by alcohol and drugs. More important was the influence of a supportive group that enabled Morrison's talents to flourish. However, soon the frequent use of high doses of alcohol and drugs weakened his capacity to realize creative motivation. Jim Morrison is an exemplary case showing that heavy drinking and the abuse of LSD, mescaline and amphetamines damages the capacity to realize creative motivation. Jim Morrison is typical of creative personalities like Amy Winehouse, Janis Joplin, Brian Jones and Jimmy Hendrix who burn their creativity in early adulthood through alcohol and drugs. We suppose that the sacrificial ritual of their decay offers some benefits for the excited spectators. One of these is the

  17. Climate Variability In The Euro-atlantic Sector As Simulated By Echam4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menezes, I.; Corte-Real, J.; Ramos, A.; Conde, F.

    The atmosphere is a fundamental component of the climate system and its influence in local and global climates results from its composition, structure and motion. The best available tools to simulate future climates are coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs), ECHAM4 (T42 L19)[1] being a very relevant exam- ple of such a model due to its elaborated parametrizations of physical processes. The purpose of this work is twofold : (1) to assess the ability of ECHAM4 in reproducing the reference climate of 1961-1990, over the Euro-Atlantic sector (29N-71N; 67W- 59E) in terms of mean sea level pressure, surface temperature and total precipitation; (2) to evaluate the expected changes of the same climate elements in a warmer world. To attain the first goal the ECHAMSs control run output is compared with observed data obtained from the Climatic Research Unit (CRU data set)[2-5]; to achieve the second objective, the modelSs control run is compared with its transient run forced by greenhouse gases. In both cases, comparisons are made in terms of mean values, variability in space and time and extremes. References [1] E. Roeckner, K. Arpe, L. Bengtsson, M. Christoph, M. Claussen, L. Dümenil, M. Esch, M. Giorgetta, U. Schlese, and U. Schulzweida, 1996: The atmospheric gen- eral circulation model ECHAM4: Model description and simulation of present-day climate. Max Planck Institut für Meteorologie, Report No. 218, Hamburg, Germany, 90 pp. [2] M. Hulme, D. Conway, P.D. Jones, T. Jiang, E.M. Barrow, and C. Turney (1995), Construction of a 1961-90 European climatology for climate change impacts and mod- elling applications, Int. J. Climatol., 15, 1333-1363. [3] M. Hulme (1994), The cost of climate data U a European experience, Weather, 49, 168-175. [4] M. Hulme, and M.G. New (1997), Dependence of large-scale precipitation clima- tologies on temporal and spatial sampling, J. Climate, 10, 1099-1113. 1 [5] C.J. Willmot, S.M. Robeson and M.J. Janis (1996

  18. Population studies of native grass-endophyte symbioses provide clues for the roles of host jumps and hybridization in driving their evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craven, K D

    2012-06-01

    hybridizations', by Oberhofer & Leuchtmann (2012), provides critical clues to linking these traits together. While the large majority of studies have focused on documenting the ever-increasing list of mutualistic qualities attributed to these fungi, very few have taken an exhaustive population-level approach to document plant and endophyte genotypes within a naturally occurring system (Faeth et al. 2010; Jani et al. 2010; Tintjer & Rudgers 2006). Such information is crucial to more fully elucidate the factors shaping grass-endophyte symbioses and those often driving these relationships to mutualistic extremes.

  19. The professional perspective on patient involvement in the development of quality indicators: a qualitative analysis using the example of chronic heart failure in the German health care setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pohontsch NJ

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nadine Janis Pohontsch,1 Heidrun Herzberg,2 Stefanie Joos,3 Felix Welti,4 Martin Scherer,1 Eva Blozik1 1Department of Primary Medical Care, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamberg, Germany; 2Faculty of Health, Nursing, Management, Neubrandenburg University of Applied Sciences, Neubrandenburg, Germany; 3Department of General Practice and Health Services Research, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany; 4Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany Purpose: There is an international consensus that quality indicators (QIs of health care ought to represent patient-relevant aspects. Therefore, patient involvement in the development process is essential. However, there is no methodological gold standard for involving patients in QI development. The aim of this study is to explore experts’ views on the representation of patient-relevant aspects in the QI development process using the QIs developed in the context of the German National Disease Management Guideline for Heart Failure as an example. Methods: Semi-structured, open telephone interviews were conducted with 15 German experts (patient representatives, physicians, researchers, and methodologists involved in guideline development or quality assessment. Interview themes were the relevance of the exemplary set of QIs for patients, as well as the legitimacy of, competence of, and collaboration with the patient representative who participated in the development process. Interviews were fully transcribed and content analyzed. Deductive categories derived from the research questions were supplemented by inductively formed categories during the review of the interview material.Results: The qualitative analysis suggests a discrepancy between the guidelines’ QIs and those relevant to patients from an expert’s point of view, such as physician-patient communication and quality of counseling. Experts reported only minor communication and cooperation

  20. Preface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muiznieks, A.

    2005-06-01

    The Workshop "Use of Magnetic Fields in Crystal Growth" was organized by the Institute of Physics of University of Latvia together with the Department of Physics of University of Latvia and held on December 5-6, 2004, at the Department of Physics of University of Latvia, 8 Zellu str., Riga. The workshop was organized in the framework of the supported by EU project "Development of the Institute of Physics of University of Latvia for European Centre of MagnetoHydroDynamics Research" (2003-2005, Research Programme: GROW-2001, coordinator of the project Dr. Janis Priede) and in the framework of the COST action P6, Magnetohydrodynamics, Working Group 2 "Use of Magnetic Fields in Crystal Growth" (coordinator asoc. prof. Dr. Andris Muiznieks, who was responsible for the workshop organization). The goal of the Workshop was to discuss the use of magnetic fields in crystal growth through mathematical analysis, numerical modeling and experimental investigations. Important part of reports was devoted to the crystal quality, e.g., occurrence and density of dislocations, distribution of dopants in semiconductors and growth stability. Other important aspects were: melt flow, turbulence, mass transport in the melt, melt flow stability and instability, shape of crystallization interface, etc. About 30 scientists from Latvia, Germany and the United Kingdom took part in the Workshop and 24 oral presentations were contributed. These presentations have shown the state of art in understanding the use of magnetic fields in crystal growth in such scientific centers as Forschungszentrum Rossendorf, Germany; Department of Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia; Institute for Electrothermal Processes, University of Hanover, Germany; Kristallographisches Institut, University of Freiburg, Germany; TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Institut fur NE-Metallurgie und Reinststoffe, Germany; Siltronic AG, Burghausen, Germany; Institute for Crystal Growth, Berlin, Germany; Coventry University, School of

  1. The potential of light therapy in Parkinson's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnstone DM

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Daniel M Johnstone,1 Kristina Coleman,2 Cécile Moro,3 Napoleon Torres,3 Janis T Eells,4 Gary E Baker,5,† Keyoumars Ashkan,6 Jonathan Stone,1 Alim-Louis Benabid,3 John Mitrofanis21Department of Physiology and Bosch Institute, 2Department of Anatomy and Histology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 3Clinatec LETI-DTBS, CEA Grenoble, France; 4Department of Biomedical Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA; 5Department of Optometry and Visual Science, City University, 6Department of Neurosurgery, King’s College Hospital, London, UK †Gary E Baker passed away on 15 November 2011. Abstract: Parkinson’s disease is a movement disorder with cardinal signs of resting tremor, akinesia, and rigidity. These manifest after a progressive death of many dopaminergic neurons of the midbrain. Unfortunately, the progression of this neuronal death has proved difficult to slow and impossible to reverse despite an intense search for the specific causes and for treatments that address the causes. There is a corresponding need to develop approaches that regulate the self-repair mechanisms of neurons, independent of the specific causes of the damage that leads to their death. Red to infrared light therapy (λ=600–1,070 nm is emerging as an effective, repair-oriented therapy that is capable of stabilizing dying neurons. Initially a space-age anecdote, light therapy has become a treatment for tissue stressed by the known causes of age-related diseases: hypoxia, toxic environments, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Here we focus on several issues relating to the use of light therapy for Parkinson's disease: 1 What is the evidence that it is neuroprotective? We consider the basic science and clinical evidence; 2 What are the mechanisms of neuroprotection? We suggest a primary mechanism acting directly on the neuron’s mitochondria (direct effect as well as a secondary, supportive mechanism acting indirectly through systemic systems (indirect

  2. Body after baby: a pilot survey of genital body image and sexual esteem following vaginal birth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zielinski R

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Ruth Zielinski,1 Lisa Kane Low,1–3 Abigail R Smith,4 Janis M Miller1,3 1Department of Health Behavior and Biological Sciences, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 2Department of Women’s Studies, College of Literature, Science and the Arts, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 4Arbor Research Collaborative for Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA Objective: The aim of this study was to determine acceptability of the Vaginal Changes Sexual and Body Esteem (VSBE scale for women post childbirth and explore the association between childbirth events and sexual/body esteem.Design: This is a cross-sectional study within the Evaluating Maternal Recovery from Labor and Delivery study.Setting: This study was conducted in a community setting.Population: The study was conducted in women post first vaginal birth with birth events that posed risk factors for levator ani muscle tears.Methods: Survey, magnetic resonance images of levator ani, and physical examination were the data collected 8 months postpartum. Birth variables were collected by hospital chart review. Descriptive analysis of VSBE response rates and distribution of responses was conducted. An exploratory analysis of the potential association of demographic, birth, clinical, and magnetic resonance image characteristics with VSBE scores was conducted.Main outcome measures: The outcome measure used in this study is VSBE scale.Results: The majority of participants (97% completed the scale, with responses to most questions skewed toward positive sexual/body esteem, with the exception of sexual enjoyment, where 38% indicated some interference due to genital changes. The scale showed high internal consistency (alpha =0.93. In the exploratory analysis of potential characteristics associated with VSBE, women with episiotomies had lower sexual/body esteem compared to those who did not (median

  3. Women in Physics: An International Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeil, Laurie

    1997-04-01

    This session organized by the APS Committee on the Status of Women in Physics will open with a brief memorial to Dr. Chien-Shung Wu, who died on February 16, 1997. It will continue with an exploration of the challenges faced by women in physics in various parts of the world. We will hear both personal and statistical pictures of the experiences of women in physics in Japan and Canada. The presentations from the two countries (approximately 20 min. each) will be followed by an open forum in which questions from the audience will be invited. "Chien-Shung Wu: In Memoriam" Speaker: Noemie Benczer-Koller. Dr. Chien-Shung Wu and her 1957 experiment on parity non-conservation shattered what was thought to be a fundamental law of physics. Her contributions to women in physics (including her election in 1975 to the APS Presidency) will be briefly recalled. The Japanese Perspective "A Female Physicist in Japan" Fumiko Yonezawa (President, Physical Society of Japan). Dr. Yonazawa will share her experiences as a female physicist in Japan, and describe the path she has taken to leadership in her professional society. The Canadian Perspective "Women in Physics in Canada: A Physics Graduate and Faculty Survey" Janis McKenna (Univ. of British Columbia). Dr. McKenna will present the results of a 1995 CAP-sponsored survey of women faculty and graduates in physics in Canada, which concluded that the situation for women in physics in Canada is very similar to that in the U.S. (only 5% of faculty members are women), and not as progressive as the situation in several European countries. "Physics on the Border: The 'Two-Body Problem' for Canadian Physicists" Ann McMillan (Atmospheric Environment Service). Dr. McMillan will describe how the geographic distribution of Canadian universities and research facilities poses unique problems for physicists balancing two careers in one family. She will discuss the particular challenges faced by female physicists, and the institutional responses to

  4. Quantitative multiplex detection of biomarkers on a waveguide-based biosensor using quantum dots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xie, Hongzhi [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Harshini [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Jennifer S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swanson, Basil I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Anderson, Aaron S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grace, Kevin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    The quantitative, simultaneous detection of multiple biomarkers with high sensitivity and specificity is critical for biomedical diagnostics, drug discovery and biomarker characterization [Wilson 2006, Tok 2006, Straub 2005, Joos 2002, Jani 2000]. Detection systems relying on optical signal transduction are, in general, advantageous because they are fast, portable, inexpensive, sensitive, and have the potential for multiplex detection of analytes of interest. However, conventional immunoassays for the detection of biomarkers, such as the Enzyme Linked Immunosorbant Assays (ELISAs) are semi-quantitative, time consuming and insensitive. ELISA assays are also limited by high non-specific binding, especially when used with complex biological samples such as serum and urine (REF). Organic fluorophores that are commonly used in such applications lack photostability and possess a narrow Stoke's shift that makes simultaneous detection of multiple fluorophores with a single excitation source difficult, thereby restricting their use in multiplex assays. The above limitations with traditional assay platforms have resulted in the increased use of nanotechnology-based tools and techniques in the fields of medical imaging [ref], targeted drug delivery [Caruthers 2007, Liu 2007], and sensing [ref]. One such area of increasing interest is the use of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) for biomedical research and diagnostics [Gao and Cui 2004, Voura 2004, Michalet 2005, Chan 2002, Jaiswal 2004, Gao 2005, Medintz 2005, So 2006 2006, Wu 2003]. Compared to organic dyes, QDs provide several advantages for use in immunoassay platforms, including broad absorption bands with high extinction coefficients, narrow and symmetric emission bands with high quantum yields, high photostablility, and a large Stokes shift [Michalet 2005, Gu 2002]. These features prompted the use of QDs as probes in biodetection [Michalet 2005, Medintz 2005]. For example, Jaiswal et al. reported long term multiple

  5. Economic evaluation of eribulin as second-line treatment for metastatic breast cancer in South Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tremblay G

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel Tremblay,1 Unnati Majethia,2 Janis L Breeze,3 Ilias Kontoudis,4 Jeongae Park5 1Geneconomics Inc., Lévis, Quebec, Canada; 2Global Value and Access, Eisai Inc., Woodcliff Lake, NJ, 3Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Tufts University, and Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA; 4Global Value and Access, Eisai Limited, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK; 5Eisai Korea Inc., Gangnam-gu, Seoul, South Korea Background: Metastatic breast cancer (MBC is associated with poor prognosis, particularly for those patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2-negative tumor. Similar to the rest of the world, treatment options are limited in South Korea following first-line chemotherapy with anthracyclines and/or taxanes. This study examined the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of eribulin in South Korean patients with HER2-negative MBC who have progressed after usage of at least one chemotherapeutic regimen for advanced disease (second-line therapy.Methods: A partition survival model was developed from the perspective of the South Korean health care system. The economic impact of introducing eribulin as second-line therapy for HER2-negative MBC was compared to that of capecitabine and vinorelbine. The analysis estimated incremental cost per life-year (LY, that is, cost-effectiveness, and cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY, that is, cost-utility, of eribulin for management of HER2-negative MBC in South Korea. The model accounted for overall survival, progression-free survival, drug costs, grade 3/4 adverse events, and health care utilization. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed to identify uncertainty in the results of the economic evaluation.Results: Second-line eribulin was associated with greater benefits in terms of LY and QALY, compared to capecitabine and vinorelbine. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was ₩10.5M

  6. Landscape and land use history of Eurajoki between 1840 and 2007: Analysis of geographical data and landscape transformation; Eurajoen maisema- ja maankaeyttoehistoria 1840-2007: paikkatietoaineistojen kaesittely ja muutosten kartoitus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koistinen, T.; Kaeyhkoe, N. [Turku Univ. (Finland), Dept. of Geography and Geology, Lab. of Computer Cartography

    2011-11-15

    Posiva and the University of Turku Laboratory of Computer Cartography (UTU-LCC) agreed in 2010-2011 to conduct a joint research project about the development of the landscape of Eurajoki municipal. The project included transformation of digital historical cadastral maps into spatial data that can be analyzed and visualized with desktop GIS (Geographic Information Systems). Posiva is going to use the historical spatial data created in this project in their next Biosphere Description -report. Titta Koistinen (BSc) from the department of Geography and Geology produced and analyzed the data and docent Niina Kaeyhkoe (University of Turku), Jani Helin (MSc) and Ari Ikonen (MSc) supervised the work. The used methods and fundamental results of the project are represented in this report. The research about the transformation of the rural landscape of Eurajoki is going to continue in the Master's Thesis of Titta Koistinen. When studing scenarios and possible future landscapes of an area, the past landscape has an integral role. In addition historical maps have a key role in landscape transformation studies because they offer spatial data, information about the landscape features and land use of man, from the earlier decades and centuries. In Finland cadastral maps span as far as to the 17th century. Unfortunately this time scale covers only part of the country. Transforming of historical cartographic data into digital spatial data includes many concerns and requires caution. However when the process is conducted well, historical spatial data can provide new possibilities in analyzing, modelling and visualizing of the landscape change and dynamics. In addition transformation to digital spatial data is the only way historical landscape information can be used together with modern spatial data products. In this report the whole transformation process of the digital cadastral maps into vectorized spatial data is depicted. This includes interpritation of the used maps

  7. PREFACE: International Conference on Functional Materials and Nanotechnologies (FM&NT2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Andris; Muzikante, Inta; Sarakovskis, Anatolijs; Grinberga, Liga

    2012-08-01

    Organizing Committee sincerely hopes that the Conference gave all the participants new insights into the widespread development of functional materials and nanotechnologies and would enhance the circulation of the information released at the meeting. Inta Muzikante Andris Sternberg Liga Grinberga Anatolijs Sarakovskis Conference photograph The manuscripts are published thanks to the financial support from ERAF project 'Atbalsts starptautiskas sadarbibas projektiem zinatne un tehnologijas LU Cietvielu fizikas instituta' Nr.2010/0204/2DP/2.1.1.2.0./10/APIA/VIAA/010 Sponsors Sponsors flag Sponsors logo International Organizing Committee 1. Andris Sternberg (chairperson), Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 2. Juras Banys, Vilnius University, Lithuania 3. Gunnar Borstel, University of Osnabrück, Germany 4. Niels E Christensen, University of Aarhus, Denmark 5. Robert A Evarestov, St. Petersburg State University, Russia 6. Claes-Goran Granqvist, Uppsala University, Sweden 7. Dag Høvik, The Research Council of Norway, Norway 8. Marco Kirm, Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Estonia 9. Jiri Kulda, Institut Laue-Langevin, France 10. Witold Lojkowski, Institute of High Pressure Physics, Poland 11. Ergo Nommiste, University of Tartu, Estonia 12. Ingólfur Torbjörnsson, Icelandic Centre for Research, Iceland 13. Marcel H. Van de Voorde, University of Technology Delft, The Netherlands International Program Committee 1. Liga Grinberga (chairperson), Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 2. Eugene Kotomin, Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany 3. Martins Rutkis, Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 4. Inta Muzikante, Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 5. Liga Berzina-Cimdina, Institute of Biomaterials and Biomechanics, Riga Technical University, Latvia 6. Janis Grabis, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Riga Technical University, Latvia 7. Linards Skuja

  8. Motion4D-library extended

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Thomas

    2011-06-01

    Chandrasekhar [6].HalilsoyWave: see Ref. [7].JaNeWi: Janis-Newman-Winicour metric, see Ref. [8].MinkowskiConformal: Minkowski metric in conformally rescaled coordinates.PTD_AI, PTD_AII, PTD_AIII, PTD_BI, PTD_BII, PTD_BIII, PTD_C Petrov-Type D - Levi-Civita spacetimes, see Ref. [7].PainleveGullstrand: Schwarzschild metric in Painlevé-Gullstrand coordinates, see Ref. [9].PlaneGravWave: Plane gravitational wave, see Ref. [10].SchwarzschildIsotropic: Schwarzschild metric in isotropic coordinates, see Ref. [11].SchwarzschildTortoise: Schwarzschild metric in tortoise coordinates, see Ref. [11].Sultana-Dyer: A black hole in the Einstein-de Sitter universe by Sultana and Dyer [12].TaubNUT: see Ref. [13]. The Christoffel symbols and the natural local tetrads of these new metrics are given in the Catalogue of Spacetimes, Ref. [14].To study the behavior of geodesics, it is often useful to determine an effective potential like in classical mechanics. For several metrics, we followed the Euler-Lagrangian approach as described by Rindler [10] and implemented an effective potential for a specific situation. As an example, consider the Lagrangian L=-αt˙+α-1r˙+r2φ˙ for timelike geodesics in the ϑ=π/2 hypersurface in the Schwarzschild spacetime with α=1-2m/r. The Euler-Lagrangian equations lead to the energy balance equation r˙+V(r)=k2 with the effective potential V(r)=(r-2m)(r2+h2)/r3 and the constants of motion k=αt˙ and h=r2φ˙. The constants of motion for a timelike geodesic that starts at (r=10m,φ=0) with initial direction ξ=π/4 with respect to the black hole direction and with initial velocity β=0.7 read k≈1.252 and h≈6.931. Then, from the energy balance equation we immediately obtain the radius of closest approach r≈5.927.Beside a standard Runge-Kutta fourth-order integrator and the integrators of the Gnu Scientific Library (GSL), we also implemented a standard Bulirsch-Stoer integrator.Running time: The test runs provided with the distribution require only a few

  9. Novel polymer carriers and gene constructs for treatment of myocardial ischemia and infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yockman, James W; Kastenmeier, Andrew; Erickson, Harold M; Brumbach, Jonathan G; Whitten, Matthew G; Albanil, Aida; Li, Dean Y; Kim, Sung Wan; Bull, David A

    2008-12-18

    The number one cause of mortality in the US is cardiovascular related disease. Future predictions do not see a reduction in this rate especially with the continued rise in obesity [P. Poirier, et al., Obesity and cardiovascular disease: pathophysiology, evaluation, and effect of weight loss, Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 26(5), (2006) 968-976.; K. Obunai, S. Jani, G.D. Dangas, Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality of the metabolic syndrome, Med.Clin. North Am., 91(6), (2007) 1169-1184]. Even so, potential molecular therapeutic targets for cardiac gene delivery are in no short supply thanks to continuing advances in molecular cardiology. However, efficient and safe delivery remains a bottleneck in clinical gene therapy [O.J. Muller, H.A. Katus, R. Bekeredjian, Targeting the heart with gene therapy-optimized gene delivery methods, Cardiovasc Res, 73(3), (2007) 453-462]. Viral vectors are looked upon favorably for their high transduction efficiency, although their ability to elicit toxic immune responses remains [C.F. McTiernan, et al., Myocarditis following adeno-associated viral gene expression of human soluble TNF receptor (TNFRII-Fc) in baboon hearts, Gene Ther, 14(23), (2007) 1613-1622]. However, this high transduction does not necessarily translate into improved efficacy [X. Hao, et al., Myocardial angiogenesis after plasmid or adenoviral VEGF-A(165) gene transfer in rat myocardial infarction model, Cardiovasc Res., 73(3), (2007) 481-487]. Naked DNA remains the preferred method of DNA delivery to cardiac myocardium and has been explored extensively in clinical trials. The results from these trials have demonstrated efficacy in regard to secondary end-points of reduced symptomatology and perfusion, but have failed to establish significant angiogenesis or an increase in myocardial function [P.B. Shah, D.W. Losordo, Non-viral vectors for gene therapy: clinical trials in cardiovascular disease, Adv Genet, 54, (2005) 339-361]. This may be due in part to reduced

  10. Preface: phys. stat. sol. (b) 241/9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morawetz, Klaus

    2004-07-01

    Modelling and Simulation in Molecular Systems, Mesoscopic Structures, and Material Science was the title of a workshop held at the University of Technology in Chemnitz from 21 to 23 April 2004. This workshop coincided with the 50th birthday of Michael Schreiber. Therefore, the idea to publish a special issue is supported by two good reasons. First, a topical collection is appropriate for giving an overview about a field and to initiate further studies. This is one intention of the present issue. Second, the birthday is a suitable occasion for reflecting on the status of the different fields where Michael Schreiber has been active himself. Motivated by the characteristic name of the workshop (MS4), which expresses the broad range of his activities, the contributions are grouped into three main chapters: Disorder and Interaction, Phase Transitions and Criticality, and Transport Properties.The first part starts with the currently intensively discussed topic of composite Fermions in the paper by B. Kramer et al. This method of rewriting correlations as new quasiparticles has amongst other things the merit of explaining such exciting phenomena as the fractional quantum Hall effect. The methodological questions of Ward identities, causality, and conservation laws are the focus of the systematic investiga-tion in the second article by V. Janis et al. which concentrates on the problem of disorder and configura-tional averaging. The interplay between disorder and correlation is treated in the third contribution by C. Schuster et al., where different theoretical methods are tested on the problem of Friedel oscillations within the one-dimensional Heisenberg and Hubbard model. In the next contribution, M. Berciu et al. focus on localization as one consequence of disorder. The localized and extended electronic states are treated, together with the magnetic degrees of freedom, like spin waves. One of the astonishing consequence of localiza-tion is the observation of resonant

  11. Preface: Materiaux 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheikhrouhou, Abdelwaheb

    2012-02-01

    Ceramics, glasses, polymers Natural materials (phosphates, clay,...) Metallic materials, alloys, metallurgy,... Others (materials and environment, materials and energy, biomaterials,...) I want to thank the scientific committee, the organizing committee, the local committee and everyone who contributed to the organization of this meeting for their invaluable efforts in order to guarantee the complete success of this conference. Abdelwaheb Cheikhrouhou President of 'Tu-MRS' Chairman of the Conference 'MATERIAUX 2010' Conference photograph Committies Organizing Committee Chairman CHEIKHROUHOU Abdelwaheb (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) Members ALAYA Sahbi (Faculté des Sciences de Gabès) BENNACEUR Raouf (Faculté des Sciences de Tunis) BEN SALEM Mohamed (Faculté des Sciences de Bizerte) CHEIKHROUHOU-KOUBAA Wissem (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) EL JANI Belgacem (Faculté des Sciences de Monastir) EZZAOUIA Hatem (Centre de Recherches et de Technologies de l'Energie, Technopole de Borj Cédria) LAMLOUMI Jilani (Ecole Supérieure des Sciences et Techniques de Tunis) REZIG Bahri (Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis) Local Committee Chairman CHEIKHROUHOU Abdelwaheb (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) Members CHEIKHROUHOU-KOUBAA Wissem (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) KOUBAA Mohamed (Institut Supérieur de Biotechnologie de Sfax) NJEH Anwar (Institut Préparatoire aux Etudes d'Ingénieurs de Sfax) BEN SALAH Issam (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) TAKKALI Férid (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) REGAIEG Yassin (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) OTHMANI Safa (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) MNASSRI Rafik (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) Secretariat BEN GHOZLEN Afifa (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) BOUGHARIOU Sana (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax) Scientific Committee M. ADDOU, Faculté des Sciences de Kénitra (Morocco) N. AMDOUNI, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis (Tunisia) M. BACCOUCHE, Faculté des Sciences d'Annaba (Algeria) H. BATIS, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis (Tunisia) A. BELAFHAL

  12. AAS 228: Day 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-06-01

    began the session by explaining his new models which trace the diffusive cooling of an initial supernova shock. His team has created an open source code, the SuperNova Explosion Code or SNEC, to allow others to explore a variety of explosion properties.Janie De La Rosa then spoke about her work on observing Type IIn supernovae (those with narrow emission lines in their spectra) at ultraviolet and optical wavelengths. These wavelengths are sensitive to progenitor models and the geometry of the surrounding material.Composite image of the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A, using data from the Chandra X-ray telescope, NASAs Spitzer Space Telescope, and ground-based facilities. [NASA/CXC/SAO]Following the exploration of progenitor geometry, Douglas C. Leonard spoke about his work in hunting for polarization in type IIP supernovae (those with long, plateaued light curves). A high degree of polarization implies asymmetry in the explosion itself, and he has been able to find such asymmetry in a number of type IIP supernovae. He pointed out that bubble-like structure (like what we see in the beautiful supernova remnant Cassiopeia A) might explain the polarization as well. Switching gears, Karri Kolijonen spoke about an interesting X-ray binary (a binary consistent of a compact object and star that emits strongly in X-rays) known as GS 1354-64. This pair has an extremely short orbital period of just two and a half days! He explained how an instability in the black holes accretion disk might explain a recent outburst in the system.Thomas Pannuti explained the basic morphologies of supernova remnants: shell, composite, and mixed. He has taken extensive, multiwavelength images of a mixed remnant known as W28 from radio through X-ray wavelengths. He notes that the radio masers in the remnant are offset from the X-ray light, although the significance of this is still an open question.Finally, Maria Dainotti wrapped up the session with a discussion of long duration GRBs as standard

  13. EDITORIAL The 17th Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Man'ko, Margarita A.

    2011-02-01

    ), held at the University of Turku, are also available (2010 Phys. Scr. T140). The 18th Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics (CEWQO11) will be held in Madrid, Spain on 30 May--3 June 2011. It will be chaired by Professor Luis Lorenzo Sanchez Soto from the Complutense University of Madrid. List of Papers The 17th Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics in St Andrews, Scotland Ulf Leonhardt and Natalia Korolkova Double self-Kerr scheme for optical Schrödinger-cat state preparation P Adam, Z Darázs, T Kiss and M Mechler Relations between scaling transformed Husimi functions, Wigner functions and symplectic tomograms describing corresponding physical states V A Andreev, D M Davidović, L D Davidović and M D Davidović Entanglement dynamics of two independent cavity-embedded quantum dots B Bellomo, G Compagno, R Lo Franco, A Ridolfo and S Savasta Dynamical stabilization of spin systems in time-dependent magnetic fields Yu V Bezvershenko, P I Holod and A Messina Entanglement dynamics of a bipartite system in squeezed vacuum reservoirs Smail Bougouffa and Awatif Hindi On Wheeler's delayed-choice Gedankenexperiment and its laboratory realization M Božić, L Vušković, M Davidović and Á S Sanz A smooth, holographically generated ring trap for the investigation of superfluidity in ultracold atoms Graham D Bruce, James Mayoh, Giuseppe Smirne, Lara Torralbo-Campo and Donatella Cassettari Parametric amplification of the classical field in cavities with photoexcited semiconductors V V Dodonov Mutually unbiased bases: tomography of spin states and the star-product scheme S N Filippov and V I Man'ko Quantum trajectory model for photon detectors and optoelectronic devices Teppo Häyrynen, Jani Oksanen and Jukka Tulkki Entanglement in two-mode continuous variable open quantum systems Aurelian Isar A classical field comeback? The classical field viewpoint on triparticle entanglement Andrei Khrennikov Experimental investigation of the enhancement factor and the cross