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Sample records for mikhail zemtsovsky galina

  1. Mikhail Kondratyev's Scientific Heritage

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    Krushelnitskaya O.B.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article illuminates the most important outcomes of research activities carried out by Mikhail Kondratyev. It reveals the relevance of his research for the development of concepts of social psychological processes that take place in closed communities, of relations of authority, as well as for the diagnostics and correction of relationships of interpersonal significance in groups of various types. The paper also reviews the main stages of Mikhail Kondratyev’s scholarly and teaching activities and highlights his major contributions to the further development of research in social psychological problems of small groups and interpersonal relationships that emerge within them.

  2. Arst on patsiendi poolel / Galina Litter

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    Litter, Galina, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Naistearst Galina Litter seadusest, mis lubab alaealistel ilma vanema nõusolekuta aborti teha. Vastus artiklile : Varro Vooglaid. Vanemate vastutus - kas reaalne või paljasõnaline? // Õpetajate Leht (2006) 13. okt., lk. 1, 7

  3. Arst on patsiendi poolel / Galina Litter

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    Litter, Galina, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Naistearst Galina Litter seadusest, mis lubab alaealistel ilma vanema nõusolekuta aborti teha. Vastus artiklile : Varro Vooglaid. Vanemate vastutus - kas reaalne või paljasõnaline? // Õpetajate Leht (2006) 13. okt., lk. 1, 7

  4. Baltmani esinduskauplus = Baltman store / Galina Burnakova

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    Burnakova, Galina

    2013-01-01

    Rocca al Mare kaubanduskeskuses asuva Baltmani esinduskaupluse sisekujundusest. Autorid: Neels Kattentidt, Alexander Eberle, Galina Burnakova. Baltmani peadisaineri Aivar Antonio Lätti arvamus. Sisekujunduse autorite lühitutvustus

  5. Baltmani esinduskauplus = Baltman store / Galina Burnakova

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    Burnakova, Galina

    2013-01-01

    Rocca al Mare kaubanduskeskuses asuva Baltmani esinduskaupluse sisekujundusest. Autorid: Neels Kattentidt, Alexander Eberle, Galina Burnakova. Baltmani peadisaineri Aivar Antonio Lätti arvamus. Sisekujunduse autorite lühitutvustus

  6. “POETOGRAPHY” BY MIKHAIL PANOV

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    Vladimir Novikov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article we describe the unique experience of the philologist and the poet Mikhail Victorovich Panov (1920–2001? Who had investigated the Russian poetry with scientific and artistic methods. He has created a specific scientific and artistic work — the poem “Starry Sky”, which consists of one hundred poetic miniatures written in vers libre and depicting the artistic worlds of the Russian poets of the 18th – 20th centuries — from Antiokh Kantemir to David Samoilov. The poem begins with the poetic portrait of Velimir Khlebnikov and is concluded with his other portrait. The avant-gard language and verse of this poet was the prototype of the poetics of Panov. Panov does not use nor quotation neither stylization. His metaphorics is various and unpredictable. The portraits of the poets created by Panov have the self-contained artistic significance and in the same time are the facts of the literary science. The genre of the poetc miniatures by Panov is near to the essayistics and from this point of view joins to the cultural context of the 20th century as the age of the essayism. The “poetography” worked out by Panov as a form of the scientific and artistic representation and investigation of the individual poetic systems is productive for the contemporary philological culture. 

  7. An Essay on Pedagogy by Mikhail M. Bakhtin

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    Bazerman, Charles

    2005-01-01

    This is an extended summary of a pedagogic essay by Mikhail M. Bakhtin on writing style, titled "Dialogic Origin and Dialogic Pedagogy of Grammar: Stylistics as Part of Russian Language Instruction in Secondary School." In this essay, written in spring 1945 while Bakhtin was a secondary school teacher of Russian language arts, he argues that every…

  8. Mikhail Vasil'evich Lomonosov, our first university

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    Nikolaev, Pavel N.

    2011-11-01

    Mikhail Vasil'evich Lomonosov, an outstanding figure in Russian culture, lived and worked at a time of radical changes, both globally and in Russia. Lomonosov was highly instrumental in the development of national science and education, as symbolized by the Academy of Sciences and Moscow University, and his influence has since been felt throughout the history of the country.

  9. Mikhail Geraskov (1874-1957): Methodological Concepts of Learning Physics

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    Ilieva, Mariyana

    2014-01-01

    Mikhail Geraskov is a distinguished Bulgarian educator from the first half of the twentieth century, who developed the scientific foundations of didactics and methodology of training. His work contributed a lot to the development of the Bulgarian pedagogy. The subject of scientific research is didactical conceptions and methodological conceptions…

  10. Meduus Riia rannas / Galina Timtšenko ; intervjueerinud Mihhail Trunin ; tõlkinud Mait Eelrand

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    Timtšenko, Galina

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu veebiväljaande Lenta.ru endise peatoimetaja, portaali Meduza looja ja peadirektori Galina Timtšenkoga veebilehest Meduza, ajakirjanduse arengusuundadest ning Baltimaades tegutsevate venekeelsete massiteabevahendite iseärasustest

  11. Meduus Riia rannas / Galina Timtšenko ; intervjueerinud Mihhail Trunin ; tõlkinud Mait Eelrand

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    Timtšenko, Galina

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu veebiväljaande Lenta.ru endise peatoimetaja, portaali Meduza looja ja peadirektori Galina Timtšenkoga veebilehest Meduza, ajakirjanduse arengusuundadest ning Baltimaades tegutsevate venekeelsete massiteabevahendite iseärasustest

  12. Mikhail Bakhtin e a cultura contemporânea

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    Maria José Rizzi Henriques

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The present article it describes the result of research carried through in the year of 2006 having as object the contemporary culture,specifying itself in this culture the movement punk analyzed under theoptics of the philosophy of the language of Mikhail Bakhtin. One usesthe categories the dialogue and the another one to specify the sensibleproduction of the speech punk as divergent the another one of the dominant standards.

  13. Features of Aestheticism in Literary Heritage of Mikhail Kuzmin

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    Elena Kolmykova

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the main principles of aestheticism reflected in the literary works of Mikhail Kuzmin, the author of well-known lines: “Широки и спокойны струи, Как судоходный Дунай!” The sources of M. Kuzmin’s aestheticism, such as ideas of Pre-Raphaelites, French symbolists, English aesthetes are under investigation. It is stated that literary heritage of Oscar Wilde greatly influenced M. Kuzmin’s critical works.

  14. Mikhail Geraskov (1874-1957 Methodological Concepts of Learning Physics.

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    Mariyana Ilieva

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Mikhail Geraskov is a distinguished Bulgarian educator from the first half of the twentieth century, who developed the scientific foundations of didactics and methodology of training. His work contributed a lot to the development of the Bulgarian pedagogy. The subject of scientific research is didactical conceptions and methodological conceptions of learning. The aim of the research paper is to presents his ideas about particular methods of teaching Physics for high school. Geraskov assumes direct correlation between didactics and methodology. This paper focuses on his ideas about design, technology and methodological requirements for lessons of Physics. He believes that the appropriate methods are determined by the curriculum, set of educational goals and age characteristics, and capabilities of adolescents. In his methodical recommendations he focuses on teaching methods and forms that provoke students’ activity. Comparative analysis with publications on the issues set for development of the Bulgarian pedagogic science and the actuality in the modern education system.

  15. Paradigm for pluralism: Mikhail Bakhtin and social work practice.

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    Irving, Allan; Young, Tom

    2002-01-01

    This article explores the work of the literary and cultural theorist and philosopher Mikhail Bakhtin and acknowledges him as a new voice to social work. In a larger context the authors argue that his ideas can help the profession negotiate the tricky and unsettling transition from modernity to postmodernity. In particular the authors explore two of his key concepts-dialogue and carnival-and suggest that they offer creative and innovative ways to think about three enduring issues in social work practice: (1) empowerment and social justice, (2) the creation of knowledge for practice, and (3) diversity and difference. Overall Bakhtin's thoughts provide the profession with a paradigm for pluralism that the authors believe will add new credibility and strength to the profession and its practitioners.

  16. Välinäituse stendid = Outdoor exhibition stands / Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova

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    Sarv, Gert, 1971-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2012. aasta parima eseme preemia pälvinud välinäituse stendidest Vanasadama Admiraliteedi basseini kaldapealsel. Autorid: Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova, Loreida Hein. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate žürii liikme Tea Tammelaane arvamus

  17. Välinäituse stendid = Outdoor exhibition stands / Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova

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    Sarv, Gert, 1971-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2012. aasta parima eseme preemia pälvinud välinäituse stendidest Vanasadama Admiraliteedi basseini kaldapealsel. Autorid: Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova, Loreida Hein. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate žürii liikme Tea Tammelaane arvamus

  18. Reproductive and developmental biology of the emerald ash borer parasitoid Spathius galinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) as affected by temperature

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    Emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) is an invasive pest of serious concern in North America. To complement ongoing biological control efforts, Spathius galinae Belokobylskij and Strazenac (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a recently-described specialist parasitoid of ...

  19. DEDICATED TO MEMORY OF PROFESSOR MIKHAIL N. GOLDSTEIN (FOR THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF BIRTH

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    V. D. Petrenko

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the memory of prominent scientist in the field of soil mechanics and construction of foundations Prof. Mikhail Naumovich Goldstein, who had created the worldwide-known geotechnical school.

  20. First Slavic Congress in the Confession of Mikhail Bakunin

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    Lutsevich L. F.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the work of the Russian revolutionary Mikhail Bakunin "Confession" which belongs not only to the category of personal, but also historical, political, journalistic documents. The “Confession” focuses on the contemporary problems of European politics, among them a special place is occupied by the description of the First Slavic Congress (1848 and the idea of pan-Slavic unity expressed for the first time by Croatian thinker, theologian and linguist Yury Krizhanich. In“Confession” Bakunin has colourfully reflected a number of facts, events, ideas and opinions related to the first Slavic Congress: the author describes the background (“origin” of the Congress and the Congress itself, its structure, the alignment of political forces, fighting parties, he focuses on national opposition of Germans and Slavs, gives vivid sketches of various national types. In the first point Bakunin primarily has payed attention not to political but cultural, literary and linguistic components in national self-determination of the Slavs. Bakunin also has described the structure of the Congress and determined his own position in it. Bakunin has “joined the North, i.e. Polish branch” and in his introduction speech stressed that Russia has broken away from the Slavs as a result of “enslavement of Poland”. In order to “return to Slavic unity and brotherhood”, Russia should withdraw from Poland. Furthermore, Bakunin analyzed the alignment of political forces in the Congress: 1 the number of Slavic leaders supported Krizhanich's idea of political, cultural and linguistic unification of the Slavs under patronage of Russia, 2 Czechs as supporters of Austroslavism could not accept the primacy of the Russia absolutely, 3 Poles had powerful and long existed both pro-Russian and anti-Russian feelings, the representatives of the last believed that Poland should play the main role in the unification of all Slavs 4 southern Slavs did not

  1. Responses of an idiobiont ectoparasitoid, Spathius galinae, to host larvae parasitized by the koinobiont endoparasitoid Tetrastichus planipennisi: implications for biological control of emerald ash borer

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    Understanding interspecific competition among insect parasitoids is important in designing classical biological control programs that involve multiple species introductions. Spathius galinae, a new idiobiont ectoparasitoid from the Russian Far East, is currently being considered for introduction to ...

  2. Influence of host age on critical fitness parameters of Spathius galinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a new parasitoid of the emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae).

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    Watt, Timothy J; Duan, Jian J

    2014-08-01

    Spathius galinae Belokobylskij and Strazenac (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is a recently discovered gregarious idiobiont larval ectoparasitoid currently being evaluated for biological control against the invasive emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in the United States. To aid in the development of laboratory rearing protocols, we assessed the influence of various emerald ash borer stages on critical fitness parameters of S. galinae. We exposed gravid S. galinae females to emerald ash borer host larvae of various ages (3.5, 5, 7, and 10 wk post egg oviposition) that were reared naturally in tropical (evergreen) ash (Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh) logs, or to field-collected, late-stage emerald ash borers (nonfeeding J-shaped larvae termed "J-larvae," prepupae, and pupae) that were artificially inserted into green ash logs. When exposed to larvae in tropical ash logs, S. galinae attacked 5 and 7 wk hosts more frequently (68-76%) than 3.5 wk (23%) and 10 wk (12%) hosts. Subsample dissections of the these logs revealed that 3.5, 5, 7 and 10 wk host logs contained mostly second, third, fourth, and J-larvae, respectively, that had already bored into the sapwood for diapause. No J-larvae were attacked by S. galinae when naturally reared in tropical ash logs. When parasitized by S. galinae, 7 and 10 wk hosts produced the largest broods (approximately 6.7 offspring per parasitized host), and the progenies that emerged from these logs had larger anatomical measurements and more female-biased sex ratios. When exposed to emerald ash borer J-larvae, prepupae, or pupae artificially inserted into green ash logs, S. galinae attacked 53% ofJ-larvae, but did not attack any prepupae or pupae. We conclude that large (fourth instar) emerald ash borer larvae should be used to rear S. galinae.

  3. Biology, life history, and laboratory rearing of Spathius galinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a larval parasitoid of the invasive emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae).

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    Duan, Jian J; Watt, Timothy J; Larson, Kristi

    2014-06-01

    Spathius galinae Belokobylskij & Strazanac is a recently described parasitoid of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, in the Russian Far East, and is currently being considered for biocontrol introduction in the United States. Using A. planipennis larvae reared with freshly cut ash (Fraxinus spp.) sticks, we investigated the biology, life cycle, and rearing of S. galinae in the laboratory under normal rearing conditions (25 +/- 1 degrees C, 65 +/- 10% relative humidity, and a photoperiod of 16:8 [L:D] h). Our study showed that S. galinae took approximately 1 mo (29 d) to complete a single generation (from egg to adult) under the laboratory rearing conditions. After eclosion from eggs, larvae of S. galinae molted four times to reach the fifth instar, which then spun cocoons for pupation and development to adults. Adult female wasps had a median survival time of 7 wk with fecundity peaking 3 wk after emergence when reared in groups (of five females and five males) and 2 wk in single pairs. Throughout the life span, a single female S. galinae produced a mean (+/- SE) of 31 (+/- 3.0) progeny when reared in groups, and a mean (+/- SE) of 47 (+/- 5.3) progeny when reared in single pairs. Results from our study also showed that S. galinae could be effectively reared with A. planipennis larvae reared in both green (Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall) and tropical [Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh] ash sticks. However, the abortion (unemergence) rate of S. galinae progeny was much higher (20%) when reared with host larvae in green ash sticks than that (2.1%) in tropical ash sticks.

  4. Quem fará a nossa Perestroika? Imagens de Mikhail Gorbatchev no jornal O Globo

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    Izabel Cristina Gomes da Costa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Quem fará a nossa Perestroika? Esta surpreendente pergunta foi feita por O Globo em 1988. Mais desconcertante ainda: a publicação utilizou-se das reformas na União Soviética (URSS de Mikhail Gorbatchev para defender uma visão de mundo e um projeto político para o Brasil. O presente artigo identifica as estratégias elaboradas pelo jornal na construção das imagens do dirigente soviético. Delineando quatro momentos, elas revelaram as mudanças no seu perfil durante a crise do socialismo real.

  5. Quem fará a nossa Perestroika? Imagens de Mikhail Gorbatchev no jornal O Globo

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Quem fará a nossa Perestroika? Esta surpreendente pergunta foi feita por O Globo em 1988. Mais desconcertante ainda: a publicação utilizou-se das reformas na União Soviética (URSS) de Mikhail Gorbatchev para defender uma visão de mundo e um projeto político para o Brasil. O presente artigo identifica as estratégias elaboradas pelo jornal na construção das imagens do dirigente soviético. Delineando quatro momentos, elas revelaram as mudanças no seu perfil durante a crise do socialismo real....

  6. MIKHAIL M. ODINTSOV’S CONTRIBUTION TO DEVELOPMENT OF THE MINERAL AND RAW MATERIALS COMPLEX OF THE EASTERN SIBERIA

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    Konstantin N. Egorov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The publication is devoted to the role of Mikhail M. Odintsov, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and his scientific school in solution of fundamental problems related to regularities of occurrence of endogenic mineral resources at ancient platforms. Based on mineragenic zonation data on the southeastern segment of the Siberian platform, Mikhail M. Odintsov determined the location of the AngaroViluisky ore belt that controls deposits and ore occurrences of magnetite, sulfates of copper and nickel, gold, base metals, barite, сelestine, and diamonds. Fundamental concepts proposed and developed by Mikhail M. Odintsov contributed significantly to studies of structures and evolution of ancient platforms and facilitated development of modern forecasting concepts concerning exploration of primary and alluvial deposits of diamonds in the southern part of the Siberian craton.

  7. Distanciation, Appropriation, and Assimilation as Hermeneutical Making of Meaning in the Work of Paul Ricoeur and Mikhail Bakhtin.

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    McCord, Michael A.

    Communication--"real" communication--involves the hearer/reader as much as it involves the speaker/writer. This paper presents some of the ideas regarding the speaker/hearer, writer/reader, and text/meaning relationships in the work of Paul Ricoeur and Mikhail Bakhtin. The paper notes that, though neither of these men thought of…

  8. Effect of Parasitoid: Host Ratio and Parasitoid and Host Group Size on Fitness of Spathius galinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a Parasitoid of Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): Implications for Mass-Rearing

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    Producing insect natural enemies in laboratories or insectaries for biological pest control is often expensive, and developing cost-effective rearing techniques is a goal of many biological control programs. Spathius galinae Belokobylskij and Strazenac (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a recently described...

  9. TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF MIKHAIL M. ODINTSOV, CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE USSR ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

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    Dmitry P. Gladkochub

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article provides basic information about Mikhail M. Odintsov (1911–2011, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and his scientific, organizational and social activities. From 1954 to 1976, he was the founder and director of the Institute of Geology of the East Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, which is now world known as the Institute of Earth's Crust of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The Institute was awarded with two Orders of Lenin (in 1963, and in 1971, and the Order of Red Banner of Labour (1975. In 2011, the scientific community in Russia celebrates the 100th anniversary of Mikhail M. Odintsov.

  10. Chemical, temperature and other data from MIKHAIL SOMOV and PROFESSOR VIZE in the Southern Oceans from 13 December 1967 to 12 March 1987 (NODC Accession 0000234)

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    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical, temperature, and other data were collected from the PROFESSOR VIZE and MIKHAIL SOMOV in the Southern Oceans from December 12, 1967 to March 12, 1987. Data...

  11. MIKHAIL M. ODINTSOV’S EXHIBITION IN THE MUSEUM OF THE INSTITUTE OF THE EARTH’S CRUST

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    Larisa A. Ivanova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Museum of the Institute of the Earth’s Crust opened an exhibition devoted to Mikhail M. Odintsov (1911–1980, the prominent Russian geologist and the corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, who headed the Institute of the Earth’s Crust from 1954 to 1976. He was among researchers who pioneered in discovering diamonds in Siberia, Russia. He determined promising diamondbearing areas in Yakutia. The kimberlitic nature wad established, and the diamondiferous kimberlite prospecting method was developed. Prospective diamondbearing capacities were forecasted for the southern part of the Siberian platform and the Prisayanie. The Angara-Vilui ore belt was defined as the largest mineragenic sub-province in the southern East Siberia. The exhibition was opened on 07 November 2011 when the All-Russia Conference devoted to the 100th anniversary of Mikhail M. Odintsov took place in Irkutsk. It presents photographs, personal belongings and documents that provide information about Mikhail M. Odintsov’s childhood and youth years, pedagogical activities, field studies, researches, multidiscipline scientific organization, social and political activities. A collection of kimberlite samples from Yakutia and beyond supports the exposition. A model of the Mir kimberlite pipe is presented; it is the first diamondiferous kimberlite found in June 1955 and developed in Siberia.

  12. L.N. TOLSTOY AND MIKHAIL NUAIME. ON THE PROBLEM OF THE EFFECT OF PHILOSOPHICAL AND RELIGIOUS IDEAS OF THE RUSSIAN WRITER ON ARABIC LITERATURE

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    Ahmed Hamzah IBTISAM

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the influence of philosophical and religious ideas of L.Tolstoy on the Arabic writer Mikhail Nuaime. The author shows that Mikhail Nuaime more than any Arabic writer before him, creatively perceived Tolstoy as a passionate exposer and a genius artist whose moral, social and philosophical principles are close to him. Tol-stoy's attention to the spiritual nature of humans attracted Nuaimy and other Arab writers.

  13. The influence of Vissarion Belinskiī on the literary criticism of Mikhail Naimy

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    Swanson M. L.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the influence of Russian literary criticism on writings of Mikhail Naimy, the world renowned figure in modern Arabic literature, is studied. Together other Arab-American men of letters he founded the Pen Association, a literary league in New York that lifted Arabic literature from the quagmire of stagnation, imitation and old classicism. They also promoted the new generation of Arab writers and made it an active force in Arab nationalism. In this article the author touches upon the only one aspect of Naimy’s multifaceted literary efforts, his literary criticism. The article is focused on the key role of the Russian influence in its development. We would claim that along with Arabic influence the American and Western Europe literary traditions played a secondary role in Naimy’s development. Only the Russian school had produced a developed theory of criticism and an understanding of literature that positioned the critic, along with the writer, as a social reformer, and viewed criticism along with writing as a social labor. It was Russian literature that had the most important impact on Naimy. This influence has still only been studied superficially aside from some Soviet era analyses. The article makes a much-needed contribution to this blank spot, since the Russian authors contributed greatly to the foundation of the modern Arabic literature. It also sheds light on global literary processes, as Naimy was able to synthesize Russian, European and American literary and critical traditions into his native Arabic heritage. The study has significant methodological value, as it will identify the typology and significance of cultural contacts, based on the example of influence mentioned above. It will also contribute to an important topic of the renewed interest in the academy - Russian influences and impacts in the Middle East and in Arabic culture and literature.

  14. Maneiras criativas de não gostar de Bakhtin: Lydia Ginzburg e Mikhail Gasparov

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    Caryl Emerson

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo contribui para nossa compreensão de como os russos receberam os conceitos de Bakhtin, principalmente dois influentes estudiosos russos, críticos de Bakhtin, cada um a partir de uma perspectiva diferente. O estudo de tais críticas é valioso, uma vez que nos incentiva a reexaminar nossas próprias percepções, por vezes complacentes, das teorias de Bakhtin. Mikhail Gasparov (1937-2005, um importante classicista e preeminente erudito do verso, publicou críticas virulentas contra Bakhtin entre 1979 e 2004. Seu problema com Bakhtin era essencialmente metodológico. Lydia Ginzburg (1902-1990, conhecida por suas Notes of a Blockade Person, e por estudos sobre os gêneros do diário, das memórias, da carta pessoal e do caderno do escritor, questionou os pressupostos psicológicos por trás das teorias bakhtinianas de simpatia e amor. Ginzburg também tinha sérias dúvidas quanto à ideia bakhtiniana do romance polifônico e a respeito do uso que Bakhtin fazia da oposição entre o monológico e o dialógico para caracterizar os romances de Tolstoi e Dostoiévski. Um exame atento das posições de Bakhtin e Ginzburg sobre o amor revela paralelos e diferenças interessantes. O artigo termina com sugestões sobre como as críticas de Ginsburg e de Gasparov podem nos ajudar a ler Bakhtin de maneiras criativas.

  15. Reflections on the nature of genius: on the 300th anniversay of Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765)

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    Shiltsev, V.; /Fermilab

    2012-02-01

    This presentation goes beyond celebratory narration of the life and scientific achievements of Russia's first modern scientist Mikhail Vasilievich Lomonosov (1711-1765). Coming from the notion of complexity of sciences, we introduce 'a genius formula' G = TBD for semi-qualitative evaluation of a person's impact on the society, distinguish two type of geniuses, give several examples and draw general conclusions. The work largely follows presentation at the Fermilab Colloquium in November of 2011.

  16. The challenges of translating culturally specific elements: the case of Mikhail Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita

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    Natalia Kaloh Vid

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Mikhail Bulgakov’s novel The Master and Margarita, a highly complex and multi-levelled narrative, is a challenge for any translator. The emphasis in the current research is on the translation strategies used when translating culturally-specific elements, or historical realia, referred to as “Sovietisms,” in three English translations of the novel by Glenny (1967, Pevear and Volokhonsky (1997 and Aplin (2008. Sovietisms refer to items characteristic of the Soviet discourse of the 1930s: word-formations of the non-standard “Soviet Russian.” Bulgakov’s language is sated with Soviet vocabulary, which refers to various cultural and socio-political elements of Soviet reality. Sovietisms occur at various levels (lexical,syntactic, stylistic and rhetorical and should be carefully translated as a significant characteristic of Bulgakov’s style. A complete domestication of Sovietisms may lead to a loss of a connotative meaning essential for understanding the context, while a foreignisation of these terms, which are most likely unknown to western readers, may disturb fluidity of reading and cause confusion. The purpose of this analysis, thus, is to illustrate the use of domesticating/foreignising strategies employed by Bulgakov’s translators and to assess the translation choices. The comparative analysis employs the taxonomies suggested by Vlakhov and Florin (1995 and Vinay and Darbelnet (1958/1989 as the grounds for the case study.

  17. Moskovski desant / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Vene saatkonna galerii osalemisest Madridi ja Moskva kunstilaatadel. Moskva kunstiajakirjast "Iskusstvo" ja selle esitlusest peatoimetaja Leonid Lerneri poolt Tallinna Vene saatkonna galeriis. Samas toimuvast Vene kaasaegse kunsti näitusest "Moskva ja teised". Tööd on Moskva galerii Artgentum (direktor Leonid Lerner) kogust. Lähemalt Damir Muratovi, Ruslan Vashkevitshi ja Rinata Voligamsi loomingust

  18. Iskusstvo objekta / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna IV rakenduskunsti triennaalist "Kaks lähedast" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis. Triennaali erikülalise inglise ehtekunstniku Wendy Ramshaw ehtesarjast "Picasso's ladies". Maris Galise, Krista Leesi, Andrea Petrakovièi, Rozemarijn Van der Moleni, Kärt Summataveti, Hilde Foksi, Jurgita Erminaite, Piret Valgu, Jurate Petruskeviciene, Tine Deweerdt'i, Ave Maseri ja Kadri Pärnametsa töödest näitusel

  19. Moskovski desant / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Vene saatkonna galerii osalemisest Madridi ja Moskva kunstilaatadel. Moskva kunstiajakirjast "Iskusstvo" ja selle esitlusest peatoimetaja Leonid Lerneri poolt Tallinna Vene saatkonna galeriis. Samas toimuvast Vene kaasaegse kunsti näitusest "Moskva ja teised". Tööd on Moskva galerii Artgentum (direktor Leonid Lerner) kogust. Lähemalt Damir Muratovi, Ruslan Vashkevitshi ja Rinata Voligamsi loomingust

  20. Golosa pamjati / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna Vene saatkonna galeriis avatud sõjateemalist vene kaasaegse kunsti näitust tutvustab näituse kuraator Bogdan Mamonov. Peterburi uue põlvkonna kunstniku Vitali Pushnitski, Moskva fotograafi Vladimir Kuprijanovi ja Peterburi kunstniku Natalja Pershina-Jakimanskaja töödest näitusel

  1. Iskusstvo objekta / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna IV rakenduskunsti triennaalist "Kaks lähedast" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis. Triennaali erikülalise inglise ehtekunstniku Wendy Ramshaw ehtesarjast "Picasso's ladies". Maris Galise, Krista Leesi, Andrea Petrakovièi, Rozemarijn Van der Moleni, Kärt Summataveti, Hilde Foksi, Jurgita Erminaite, Piret Valgu, Jurate Petruskeviciene, Tine Deweerdt'i, Ave Maseri ja Kadri Pärnametsa töödest näitusel

  2. MARTIAL ARTIST – ENGRAVER MIKHAIL MATORIN (1901-1976. IMAGE OF THE TOWN OF VYBORG IN THE LINOCUTS OF THE ARTIST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martynova A. G.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Virtuoso of prints, Mikhail Matorin, is undeservedly forgotten today both by ordinary spectators and by professional art critics. Twenty-five years of fruitful work of the artist have made a great contribution into the development of the domestic drawing. The album of linoleum prints called "Vyborg", created as a result of his staying on the finnish front in june 1944, takes up a special place in his creative work. Vyborg has attracted Matorin by the originality of its northern architectural landscape and the severe beauty of forms. The town was empty; it was left by Finnish residents. Bright sunny days of June with white nights even more emphasized the epic expressiveness of architectural ensembles of the city. Language of Matorin’s linocuts is sharp, clear and emotional. Sonority of strokes and rhythm of lines are in harmony with the noble colors. Matorin’s prints were made on the basis of front-line sketches. The color linocut printmaker used up to 12 boards, achieving the effect of real painting. Matorin’s engravings are remarkable for its special harmony of tones, terseness of colours. This article is aimed at the introduction into the scientific usage of russian artcriticism new unique artistic and history- cultural material, revealing features of creativity and way of life of the engraver, M.V.Matorin. The author for the first time in Russian art-criticism examines and gives an appreciation of the album of linoleum prints "Vyborg" (1944, which is a valuable documentary material

  3. MIKHAIL BULGÁKOV E YESHUA HA-NOTZRI: Evidências da primeira busca do "Jesus histórico" na literatura soviética

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander ZHEBIT

    Full Text Available RESUMO O romance O Mestre e Margarida de Mikhail Bulgákov põe em evidência o conflito das diferentes abordagens do problema do "Jesus histórico". A referida obra do escritor e dramaturgo soviético, que se insere em um contexto político e social do stalinismo, é analisada do ponto de vista da apresentação da figura de Cristo como personagem histórica e é contemporizada com publicações sobre a religião, sob ângulos da evolução histórica da sociedade russa e soviética, na época da escrita do romance. Os núcleos separados da análise do conteúdo dos Evangelhos, segundo a narrativa de Bulgákov, ressaltando o crime, o castigo e a vingança, enfatizam a natureza humana de Cristo, seu discurso e seus sentimentos e levam a conclusões sobre uma busca do "Jesus histórico" por meio da literatura soviética.

  4. Diálogo e dialogismo em mikhail bakhtin e Paulo Freire: contribuições para a educação a distância

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Scorsolini-Comin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi abordar as noções de diálogo e dialogismo nas obras de Mikhail Bakhtin e Paulo Freire, discutindo suas contribuições para o contexto da educação a distância (EAD. Foram apresentadas situações-problemas presentes nesses cursos, no que tange às ferramentas de interação e aprendizagem. As proposições dessas ferramentas devem ser redigidas de modo a convidar os participantes a se posicionarem, permitindo a assunção de diferentes vozes acerca do assunto. O dialogismo, ao relativizar a autoria individual, ajuda-nos a compreender o caráter coletivo dessas produções. Tais ferramentas podem ser um poderoso instrumento de uma educação que se propõe transformadora, como na EAD, não ocupando apenas o sentido de flexibilizar a aprendizagem para pessoas separadas geográfica e temporalmente. Essas ferramentas, ultrapassando o caráter avaliativo, podem e devem contribuir para a formação de profissionais dispostos ao diálogo e à construção de posicionamentos que considerem o outro e o contexto histórico e social envolvido.

  5. Dialog s Miro / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    1999-01-01

    11 kuulsa kunstniku tööde müüginäitusest 'Mir̤ ja tema sõbrad' Tallinnas galeriis Vaal : eksponeeritud on J. Mir̤, P. Picasso, A. Derain, A. Tapies, V. Vasarely jt. Põhiliselt graafika jt. väikesed tööd.

  6. ARS - Helsinki - 2006 / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Steven Holli projekteeritud Kiasma muuseumihoonest Helsingis. Kontseptuaalkunsti näitusest ARS 06 "Reaalsustunne" Kiasmas. Eestlastest esineb Mark Raidpere. Vene kunstnikegrupi AEC+F ja vene kunstnike Juri Vassiljevi ning Aleksandr Ponomarjovi töödest näitusel. Ka Gerda Steineri & Jörg Lenzlingeri (Šveits), Martin & Munoz'i (USA, Hispaania), arvutigraafik Charles Sandisoni (SB), videokunstnik Bill Viola (USA) jt. töödest

  7. Birjuza iz Iznika / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Türgi keraamika ja ebru kunsti näitus Tallinna juveelikeskuses Bindes. Izniki ajaloolisest keraamikast ja iidse ebru kunsti ajaloost ning tehnikast. Näha on kaasaegsete türgi kunstnike keraamilisi pannoosid, ehteid, suveniire jm. Izniki galeriist "Anikya" ning kaasaegse türgi kunstniku Hikmet Barutcugili ebru kunst

  8. ARS - Helsinki - 2006 / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Steven Holli projekteeritud Kiasma muuseumihoonest Helsingis. Kontseptuaalkunsti näitusest ARS 06 "Reaalsustunne" Kiasmas. Eestlastest esineb Mark Raidpere. Vene kunstnikegrupi AEC+F ja vene kunstnike Juri Vassiljevi ning Aleksandr Ponomarjovi töödest näitusel. Ka Gerda Steineri & Jörg Lenzlingeri (Šveits), Martin & Munoz'i (USA, Hispaania), arvutigraafik Charles Sandisoni (SB), videokunstnik Bill Viola (USA) jt. töödest

  9. Dialog s Miro / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    1999-01-01

    11 kuulsa kunstniku tööde müüginäitusest 'Mir̤ ja tema sõbrad' Tallinnas galeriis Vaal : eksponeeritud on J. Mir̤, P. Picasso, A. Derain, A. Tapies, V. Vasarely jt. Põhiliselt graafika jt. väikesed tööd.

  10. Iskusstvo bumazhnogo lista / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tšehhi Vabariigi suursaatkonna vahendatud tšehhi graafika näitus "10 isiksust tšehhi graafikas" Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Tsehhi graafika ajaloost ja töödest näitusel. Esindatud on kunstnikud Eduard Ovèaèek, Kveta Pacovska, Alena Kuèerova, Mikolash Axman, Adolf Born, Ladislav €epelak, Jiri Shalamoun, Lubomir Paeibyl, Jaroslav Kralik ja Jiri Anderle

  11. "Ideja, skazka, bred..." / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2000-01-01

    Kunstinäitusest "Tallinn - Pariis, kevad 2000" galeriis Sammas Tallinnas, org. Tatjana Mangus. Osalevad Volodimir Makarenko (Pariis) ja tema sõbrad S. Semerikov, V. Laur, A. Strahhov, V. Bachiu. Nende töödest näitusel

  12. Versija tshjornogo kvadrata / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2000-01-01

    Volodimir Makarenko tööde seeriast "Musta ruudu sünd" : 12 pilti naisest, kelle kujutamisviis viib läbi eri stiilide ja suundade, interpreteerides omamoodi Kazimir Malevitshi loomingulist teekonda

  13. Bravo, aktrissa! / interv. Galina Volkova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Vene Draamateatris käivad vene näitekirjaniku N. Ptushkina komöödia "Braavo, Laurensia" proovid, millega tähistatakse näitlejanna L. Golovataja juubelit. Küsimustele vastavad näidendi lavastaja E. Toman, näitlejad A. Garejev, J. Tarassenko, L. Shinkarjova ja lavastaja abi S. Krassman

  14. Iskusstvo bumazhnogo lista / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tšehhi Vabariigi suursaatkonna vahendatud tšehhi graafika näitus "10 isiksust tšehhi graafikas" Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Tsehhi graafika ajaloost ja töödest näitusel. Esindatud on kunstnikud Eduard Ovèaèek, Kveta Pacovska, Alena Kuèerova, Mikolash Axman, Adolf Born, Ladislav €epelak, Jiri Shalamoun, Lubomir Paeibyl, Jaroslav Kralik ja Jiri Anderle

  15. Birjuza iz Iznika / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Türgi keraamika ja ebru kunsti näitus Tallinna juveelikeskuses Bindes. Izniki ajaloolisest keraamikast ja iidse ebru kunsti ajaloost ning tehnikast. Näha on kaasaegsete türgi kunstnike keraamilisi pannoosid, ehteid, suveniire jm. Izniki galeriist "Anikya" ning kaasaegse türgi kunstniku Hikmet Barutcugili ebru kunst

  16. Bravo, aktrissa! / interv. Galina Volkova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Vene Draamateatris käivad vene näitekirjaniku N. Ptushkina komöödia "Braavo, Laurensia" proovid, millega tähistatakse näitlejanna L. Golovataja juubelit. Küsimustele vastavad näidendi lavastaja E. Toman, näitlejad A. Garejev, J. Tarassenko, L. Shinkarjova ja lavastaja abi S. Krassman

  17. Golosa manezhnogo Peterburga / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2004-01-01

    Peterburi kaasaegsest kunstist seoses kunstiteadlase Larissa Skobkina kureeritud näitusega Tallinna Vene saatkonna galeriis. Tutvustatakse underground-kunstnikke Anatoli Basinit, Vjatsheslav Mihhailovit, Valeri Lukkat, Vladimir Vidermani, Gleb Bogomolovit, Gennadi Ustjugovit, Natalja Zhilinat, rühmitust Mitki ja selle liikmeid Vladimir Shinkarjovi, Aleksandr Florenskit, Olga Florenskajat ning Peterburi fotokoolkonda esindavat Andrei Tshezhinit

  18. Unique and Striking:Acoustic Features of Galina Ustvolskaya's Music Works%特立独行,扣人心弦——乌斯特沃尔斯卡娅音乐作品中的音响特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐玲

    2011-01-01

    The famous 20~th century Russian woman composer Galina Ustvolskaya is skilled at concise and meaningful creation.This paper studies her handling of instrumental acoustic features and her predilection for overall timbre arrangement.%伽利娜.乌斯特沃尔斯卡娅,是20世纪不可多得的俄罗斯著名女作曲家,其创作风格以简洁、精炼见长。本文从三个方面入手,用宏观的角度探析作曲家对乐器音响特点的把握,及其她对整体音色安排的个性倾向。

  19. Mikhail Frunze and the Unified Military Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-18

    confrontation and struggle between these two feuding worlds inevitable. Thus, the aim of political education in the Red Army is to maintain and...should receive would be political education . If every worker-soldier knew the thought process behind Marx’ precepts, Frunze reasoned their duty would...illiteracy with the end state of providing political education to each Red Army 82 worker-soldier. In Frunze’s opinion, this education and training

  20. Rossija molodaja / Ivan Glazunov ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Glazunov, Ivan

    2002-01-01

    Vene saatkonna galeriis avatud vene noorte kunstnike rahvuslikke revolutsioonieelseid maalikunsti traditsioone järgivast näitusest: Vladimir Shteini portreed, Pavel Rõzhenko ajaloomaal, Stanislav Moskvitini ja Andrei Grigorjevi loodusmaal

  1. Favoritõ imperatorskogo dvora / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2004-01-01

    Eestiga seotud vene keiserliku fotograafi Carl Bulla ja vene keiserliku juveliiri Carl Faberge elust ja loomingust. Kirjeldatud on kuulsaid Faberge juveliir-mune. Carl Bulla elas Saaremaal 1916-1929, Carl Faberge isa Gustav oli pärit Pärnust

  2. Dialog hudozhnika s materialom / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna rakenduskunsti triennaalil "Kaks lähedast" osalejatest ning eksponeeritud töödest. Triennaali erikülalisest Wendy Ramshaw'st ja tema juveelikompositsioonidest. Triennaal toimub Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis, A-galeriis ja Draakoni galeriis

  3. Treti geroi / Boris Juhvets ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juhvets, Boris

    2003-01-01

    Vene juurtega Iisraeli kunstniku Boris Juhvetsiga tema Tallinnas Deco galeriis avatud maalinäituse "Kolmas kangelane" saamisest, kunstnikust endast, kaasaegsest kunstist ja kunstniku kohast praeguses maailmas

  4. Vtoroje dõhanije / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2001-01-01

    Ehtekunstnik Jaan Pärna projektist Meistrite hoov. Dolomiidi kasutamist kunstis kajastavast näitusest "Pae aeg" Meistrite hoovi galeriis. Kujundas Urve Küttner. Jaan Pärna, Urve Küttneri, Andrei Balashovi ja Helmet Raja töödest näitusel

  5. Inoje skrõtoje znatshenije / Galina Shelogurova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shelogurova, Galina

    2007-01-01

    Vene luuletaja, tõlkija, näitekirjaniku ja kriitiku Innokenti Annenski (1856-1909) dramaturgiast. Ta tõlkis vene keelde ja kommenteeris kõik Euripidese teosed ja kirjutas mõned moderniseeritud draamad Euripidese süžeedele

  6. Favoritõ imperatorskogo dvora / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2004-01-01

    Eestiga seotud vene keiserliku fotograafi Carl Bulla ja vene keiserliku juveliiri Carl Faberge elust ja loomingust. Kirjeldatud on kuulsaid Faberge juveliir-mune. Carl Bulla elas Saaremaal 1916-1929, Carl Faberge isa Gustav oli pärit Pärnust

  7. Rossija molodaja / Ivan Glazunov ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Glazunov, Ivan

    2002-01-01

    Vene saatkonna galeriis avatud vene noorte kunstnike rahvuslikke revolutsioonieelseid maalikunsti traditsioone järgivast näitusest: Vladimir Shteini portreed, Pavel Rõzhenko ajaloomaal, Stanislav Moskvitini ja Andrei Grigorjevi loodusmaal

  8. Argentina - Estonija. Metshta i realnost / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Argentiina fotograafi Marcos Lopez'i ja eesti fotograafi Peeter Lauritsa ühisnäitusest "Lopez & Laurits" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator Reet Varblane ja kujundaja Rosita Raud. Fotograafidest ja nende loomingust

  9. Argentina - Estonija. Metshta i realnost / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Argentiina fotograafi Marcos Lopez'i ja eesti fotograafi Peeter Lauritsa ühisnäitusest "Lopez & Laurits" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator Reet Varblane ja kujundaja Rosita Raud. Fotograafidest ja nende loomingust

  10. Iskusstvo shlo po jego sledam / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Ateneumis avati 20. sajandi kunstnike tööde näitus Pontus Hulteni kollektsioonist. Muuseumikuraator Pontus Hultenist kaasaegse kunsti näituste korraldajana. Niki de Saint Phalle ja Jean Tinguelyn'i loomingust. Nende kunstnike karjäär sai alguse Hulteni näituselt

  11. Dialog hudozhnika s materialom / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna rakenduskunsti triennaalil "Kaks lähedast" osalejatest ning eksponeeritud töödest. Triennaali erikülalisest Wendy Ramshaw'st ja tema juveelikompositsioonidest. Triennaal toimub Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis, A-galeriis ja Draakoni galeriis

  12. Mikhail Bakhtin and His Response to Authoritative Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, Garima

    2015-01-01

    This commentary contextualises Bakhtin's ideas on language in education, with a special emphasis on his construct of dialogism, by producing and examining excerpts from two of his major works. These excerpts familiarise the reader with Bakhtin's four fundamental constructs: "utterance," "dialogism," "heteroglossia,"…

  13. Xerxes in Mikhail Bulgakov’s Play Adam and Eve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souren A. Takhtajan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In his Histories 8:118, Herodotus tells the dramatic story of Xerxes’ return to Asia from Greece by sea. The overcrowded ship was caught in a storm, and the captain advised the king to get rid of most of the passengers. Xerxes called on the Persians to prove their loyalty to the king, and they showed their obeisance by leaping into the sea. After his return, Xerxes awarded the captain of the ship with a golden crown for saving the king’s life—and cut off his head for causing the deaths of so many Persians. In the play Adam and Eve, Bulgakov depicts the outbreak of war between the Soviet Union and the Western world. Nearly everyone in Leningrad dies from a gas attack. But Efrosimov, a chemistry professor and a man of genius, has managed to save the lives of the other characters in the play, the Soviet fighter pilot Daragan included. Nevertheless, Daragan hates Efrosimov for his efforts to prevent the war and then to stop it. The fighter pilot imagines for the professor both an award for his merits and subsequent capital punishment for his alleged crime. In this article, I suggest that Bulgakov has borrowed the motif of award and execution from Herodotus.

  14. MIKHAIL BAKHTIN, LANGSTON HUGHES AND THE POETIC UTTERANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Eugene Amsler

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A critical pragmatics finds good grounding in Bakhtin and Voloshinov’s theory of the Utterance in Marxism and the Philosophy of Language (1929. In this essay I explore and extend the notion of ‘reaccenting’ with that of ‘retexting’ and call attention to the role of textualities in the performance and deformance of written language. Critical pragmatic moves beyond stylistics and proposes a more critical linguistic approach to literary texts. I use critical pragmatics informed by Bakhtin’s theory of the utterance to read Langston Hughes’s dialogic lyrics in Montage of a Dream Deferred (1951 and poetic retexting as a literate and critical practice.

  15. Breigel s võsotõ nebes / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2004-01-01

    Madalmaade kunstniku Pieter Brueghel vanema (nn. Talupoegade Brueghel) elust ja loomingust, tema tööde kopeerimisest ja atributsioonist. Tema töid kopeerisid ka mõlemad kunstnikest pojad Pieter Brueghel noorem ja Jan Brueghel

  16. Kiasma - muzei s vidom na Laplandiju / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Steven Holli projekteeritud Kiasma muuseumihoonest Helsingis. Kontseptuaalkunsti näitusest ARS 06 "Reaalsustunne" Kiasmas. Eestlastest esineb Mark Raidpere. Vene kunstnikegrupi AEC+F ja vene kunstnike Juri Vassiljevi ning Aleksandr Ponomarjovi töödest näitusel. Ka Gerda Steineri & Jörg Lenzlingeri (Šveits), Martin & Munoz'i (USA, Hispaania), videokunstnik Bill Viola (USA) töödest

  17. Skazka, zakutannaja v tsvetnoi tuman / Svetlana Aleksejeva ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aleksejeva, Svetlana

    2002-01-01

    Kunstnik Sveta Aleksejevaga raamatu "Cupido & Psyche" illustreerimisest, koostööst loo tõlkijaga, USA-s raamatudisaini õppiva Leelo Märjamaaga. Raamatuillustratsioonide näitus on Rahvusraamatukogus

  18. Skazka, zakutannaja v tsvetnoi tuman / Svetlana Aleksejeva ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aleksejeva, Svetlana

    2002-01-01

    Kunstnik Sveta Aleksejevaga raamatu "Cupido & Psyche" illustreerimisest, koostööst loo tõlkijaga, USA-s raamatudisaini õppiva Leelo Märjamaaga. Raamatuillustratsioonide näitus on Rahvusraamatukogus

  19. Romantitsheskaja utopia, ili Progulka s fotokameroi / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2007-01-01

    Fotonäitus "The Belarusian Identity cArt" Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis. Eksponeeritud on Artur Klinovi (Klinau) fotoseeria "Minsk - unenägude päikeselinn", Igor Savtshenko fotoseeria "Kommenteeritav maastik" ja Andrei Liankevitshi fotod

  20. Kiasma - muzei s vidom na Laplandiju / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Steven Holli projekteeritud Kiasma muuseumihoonest Helsingis. Kontseptuaalkunsti näitusest ARS 06 "Reaalsustunne" Kiasmas. Eestlastest esineb Mark Raidpere. Vene kunstnikegrupi AEC+F ja vene kunstnike Juri Vassiljevi ning Aleksandr Ponomarjovi töödest näitusel. Ka Gerda Steineri & Jörg Lenzlingeri (Šveits), Martin & Munoz'i (USA, Hispaania), videokunstnik Bill Viola (USA) töödest

  1. Galina Kulikova, Cultural Envoy Of Sino-Russian Friendship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qian; Guangjian

    2013-01-01

    <正>Russian Songs Performed at the Beijing Concert Hall"Our country is so vast with numerous fields and forests.We have never seen other nationals breathe as freely as we do."These words open the first song Motherland March,performed by the Kalinka Choir at a concert of Russian songs in the Beijing Concert Hall on June 25,1995.Since there was scarce opportunity to see a performance of Russian

  2. V kontekste vremeni / Ruslan Vashkevitsh ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vashkevitsh, Ruslan

    2001-01-01

    Vestlus Valgevene kunstniku Ruslan Vashkevitshiga tema näituse sulgemisel Tallinna galeriis Vaal. Vaalas eksponeeritud näitusega "Force majeure" seonduvast, kaasaegsest kunstimaailmast Euroopas ja Venemaal

  3. Kak gotovjatsja art-delikatesõ / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2002-01-01

    Uue galerii MAGNON avamisest Tallinnas Vene tänaval (galerist Tatjana Mangus) erootikateemalise näitusega "Art-delikatess". Vladimir Makarenko, Slava Semerikovi, Vladimir Baciu, Igor Balashovi, Anatoli Strahhovi, skulptorite Mihhail Duhhomjonoki, Simsoni Seakülast jt. töödest näitusel

  4. Romantitsheskaja utopia, ili Progulka s fotokameroi / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2007-01-01

    Fotonäitus "The Belarusian Identity cArt" Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis. Eksponeeritud on Artur Klinovi (Klinau) fotoseeria "Minsk - unenägude päikeselinn", Igor Savtshenko fotoseeria "Kommenteeritav maastik" ja Andrei Liankevitshi fotod

  5. Afon : monastõrskaja zhizn na svjatoi gore / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Bütsantsi kunsti näitusest "Athos - kloostrielu Pühal Mäel" Helsingi Tennisepalee (Tennispalatsi) kunstimuuseumis. Näha Kirde-Kreekas Athose mäel asuvatest õigeusukloostritest ja Euroopa kunstimuuseumidest toodud ikoone, käsikirju, kirikuriistu, tekstiile ja maale

  6. Kak prodat "Babushku" / Maria Melnikova ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melnikova, Maria

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Vene saatkonna "Vene galerii" osalemisest Madridis kunstilaadal ARCO-2005. Galerii esitles Ene-Liis Semperi videofilmi "Nimetu" ja vene kunstnike Bogdan Mamonovi ning Anton Litvini töid. Semperi ja Mamonovi töödest

  7. Zov zhuravlinoi gorõ / Vladimir Anshon ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anšon, Vladimir, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Eestimaa vene kunstnike ühendus valmistab Vladimir Anshoni initsiatiivil ette heategevuslikku kunstinäitust Vasknarva kiriku taastamise toetuseks. Näitus avatakse 11. mail Tallinna galeriis Atrium. Intervjuu V. Anshoniga Pühtitsa kloostrist ja sellega seotud Vasknarva kirikust

  8. Gravjurõ znamenitogo Hokusaja v Tallinne / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2003-01-01

    Ukiyo-e koolkonnast, selle meistrist Katsushika Hokusaist ja tema puulõigete sarjast "36 Fuji vaadet" seoses näitusega "300 aastat Jaapani puulõike traditsiooni" Adamson-Ericu muuseumis. Kaasaegse jaapani graafika näitusest "Living Faces in Tallinn" Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis, kus osalevad jaapani graafikute assotsiatsiooni Printsaurus liikmed. Nende töödest näitusel

  9. Mikhail Gorbachev’s ’New Thinking’ Implications for Western Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    for thf Advancement of Slavic Studies in Boston, MA, 5-7 November 1987. Citation is from p. 3. ’nSee David S. Yost, Soviet Ballistic Missile Defense...of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies , Boston, MA, 5-7 November 1987. "The New Quality of Soviet Defense." international...Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies , Boston, MA, 5-7 November, 1987. McConnell, James M. "Reasonable Suffidency" in Soviet Conventional Arms

  10. Teaching Utopian Literature: Applying Mikhail Bakhtin's Theories in the Writing Class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neverow-Turk, Vara S.; Turk, David F.

    Developed as a model for teachers faced with the task of assigning research papers to students who are still apprentice writers, this two-part paper explores the possibilities of written response that reside both in the dialogic interplay of ideas in utopian texts and in the criticism of utopian texts. The first part examines some ideas contained…

  11. Put k sokrovishtsham / Boris Pilar, Jevgeni Rogov, Vladimir Anshon...[jt.] ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Pilar ja Rogov kunstiprojektist "Maailma kunstiaarded Tallinnas" ja selle raames toimuvast vene maalikunsti ja Pihkva koolkonna ikoonide näitusest "Pihkva muuseumi aarded" Tallinna Õpetajate majas. Anshon osalemisest projektis ja Dubrovskaja Pihkva muuseumist

  12. Put k sokrovishtsham / Boris Pilar, Jevgeni Rogov, Vladimir Anshon...[jt.] ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Pilar ja Rogov kunstiprojektist "Maailma kunstiaarded Tallinnas" ja selle raames toimuvast vene maalikunsti ja Pihkva koolkonna ikoonide näitusest "Pihkva muuseumi aarded" Tallinna Õpetajate majas. Anshon osalemisest projektis ja Dubrovskaja Pihkva muuseumist

  13. The Concept of the Creative Personality in the Stories of A. Kuprin Galina Mutu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Mutu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of the creative person in the storiе of A. Kuprin «Gambrinus». Based on the analysis of the work to attempt to research the concept of the creative person in the storie of A. Kuprin.

  14. "Potshemu Vam v Parizh ne vernutsja nazad ? A tsvetov aromat ! A tsvetov aromat !" / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2000-01-01

    Eestist Pariisi läinud kunstniku Volodimir Makarenko loomingust. Tema töid saab näha galeriis Sammas näitusel "Tallinn-Pariis, kevad 2000", kus osalevad ka Pariisiga seotud kunstnikud A. Strahhov, S. Semerikov, V. Bachiu, V. Laur

  15. Gudvin Veliki i Uzhasnõi i Zolushka v odnom litse / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2004-01-01

    Vene kunstnikust-kontseptualistist Ilja Kabakovist ja tema loomingust. Ülo Soosteri hea sõber, 1996. a. ilmunud monograafia "Ülo Sooster" autor. Tema tutvuskonda kuulunud eesti kunstnikke. Raul Meele loomingu seotusest Ilja Kabakovi omaga. Ilja ja Emilia Kabakovi projekt "Tühi muuseum" avatakse Tallinna Kunstihoones. Eksponeeritud ka Raul Meele installatsioon "Vita Aboriginum"

  16. Ühine tuberkuloosiprojekt Tallinnas / Rein Rannamäe, Jevgenia Epstein, Galina Kikos...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Tallinna linnavolikogu toetas 2000. aastal oma eelarvega projekti "Koldekontrolli läbiviimine tuberkuloosi haigestunu koldes ja töökohal, kontaktsete isikute vajaduste välja selgitamine" läbiviimist

  17. Snõ najavu / Mark Soosaar, Ruslan Vashkevitsh, Jüri Arrak ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Mark, 1946-

    2002-01-01

    Mark Soosaarega Uue Kunsti Muuseumi kogude kujunemisest ja näitusest "Mees ja naine". 2002. a. näitusel "Mees ja naine sürrealismis" esinevate kunstnike Ruslan Vashkevitshi ja Jüri Arrakuga nende loomingust ja osalemisest Soosaare kunstiprojektis

  18. Raginal rannavormi / kommenteerinud Reet Puks, Merily Lehis, Helle Nurmsalu, Galina Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Ilusalongides pakutavatest salendavatest kehahooldusprotseduuridest aparaatidega - LPG edermoloogiline massaaž, Universal Contour Wrap, ULTRATONE intensiivne tselluliidiravi ja mittekirurgiline facelift, Shockmaster AWT meetod (akustilise laine ravi)

  19. "Potshemu Vam v Parizh ne vernutsja nazad ? A tsvetov aromat ! A tsvetov aromat !" / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2000-01-01

    Eestist Pariisi läinud kunstniku Volodimir Makarenko loomingust. Tema töid saab näha galeriis Sammas näitusel "Tallinn-Pariis, kevad 2000", kus osalevad ka Pariisiga seotud kunstnikud A. Strahhov, S. Semerikov, V. Bachiu, V. Laur

  20. Erotitsheski konspekt / Vladimir Makarenko, Mihhail Duhhomjonok, Ado Lill ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Makarenko, Vladimir

    2002-01-01

    Näitusel "Art-delikatess" osalevate kunstnikega nende töödest erootikanäitusel galeriis Magnon Tallinnas. Vestlevad Vladimir Makarenko, Mihhail Duhhomjonok, Ado Lill, Valeri Vinogradov, Anatoli Strahhov, Slava Semerikov, Andrei Balashov

  1. "Moi akvareli rodilis na rõbalke..." / Herbert Tsukker ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tsukker, Herbert

    2001-01-01

    Raadioajakirjanik (saade "Inimene ja loodus", Raadio-4) Herbert Tsukkeriga loodusest ja tema kunstiharrastusest - looduse maalimisest. Tema loodusvaatedest koosnev akvarellinäitus on Juudi seltsi keskuses Tallinnas, Karu 16.

  2. "Moi akvareli rodilis na rõbalke..." / Herbert Tsukker ; interv. Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tsukker, Herbert

    2001-01-01

    Raadioajakirjanik (saade "Inimene ja loodus", Raadio-4) Herbert Tsukkeriga loodusest ja tema kunstiharrastusest - looduse maalimisest. Tema loodusvaatedest koosnev akvarellinäitus on Juudi seltsi keskuses Tallinnas, Karu 16.

  3. Ühine tuberkuloosiprojekt Tallinnas / Rein Rannamäe, Jevgenia Epstein, Galina Kikos...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Tallinna linnavolikogu toetas 2000. aastal oma eelarvega projekti "Koldekontrolli läbiviimine tuberkuloosi haigestunu koldes ja töökohal, kontaktsete isikute vajaduste välja selgitamine" läbiviimist

  4. Prolegômenos dostoievskianos para uma reaproximação entre a polifonia de Mikhail Bakhtin e a dialética / Dostoevskyan prolegomena to a reapproach between Mikhail Bakhtin’s polyphony and dialectic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Ricardo Vassoler

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Bakhtin analisou a poética de Dostoiévski não por meio de uma síntese parcial em função do discurso do escritor ou de uma de suas personagens, mas através do diálogo que deixaria de ser contingente para assumir um papel estrutural. Bakhtin, porém, não pôde demonstrarcomo a obra de Dostoiévski constituiria uma totalidade polifônica integral. Com o aporte da teoria crítica, procuraremos reaproximar a polifonia bakhtiniana da noção contraditória de totalidade por meio do método dialético. ABSTRACT: Bakhtin analyzed Dostoevsky’s poetics not by a partial synthesis in terms of the speech of the writer or one of his characters, but through the dialogue that would leave itscontingency to assume a structural role. However, Bakhtin could not demonstrate how Dostoevsky’s work would constitute an integral polyphonic totality. With the contribution from the critical theory, we will try to reapproach Bakhtin’s polyphony to the contradictorynotion of totality through the dialectical method.

  5. Exploring EFL Students' Visual Literacy Skills and Global Understanding through Their Analysis of Louis Vuitton's Advertisement Featuring Mikhail Gorbachev

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takaya, Kentei

    2016-01-01

    Visual literacy is an important skill for students to have in order to interpret embedded messages on signs and in advertisements successfully. As advertisements today tend to feature iconic people or events that shaped the modern world, it is crucial to develop students' visual literacy skills so they can comprehend the intended messages. This…

  6. Kõlar Hi-Waf / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2005-01-01

    Disain: Galina Burnakova. Tootja: AS Sarkop. Kõlar Hi-Waf tehti Brüsselis galeriis Creneau International toimuvale näitusele viimiseks. Galina Burnakovast, tema erialasest tegevusest. Ill.: kõlari vaade, foto sisearhtektist

  7. Kõlar Hi-Waf / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2005-01-01

    Disain: Galina Burnakova. Tootja: AS Sarkop. Kõlar Hi-Waf tehti Brüsselis galeriis Creneau International toimuvale näitusele viimiseks. Galina Burnakovast, tema erialasest tegevusest. Ill.: kõlari vaade, foto sisearhtektist

  8. [Mari Uusküla. Basic colour terms in Finno-Ugric and Slavonic Languages] / Galina Paramei

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paramei, Galina

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Uusküla, Mari. Basic colour terms in Finno-ugric and Slavonic languages: myths and facts. Tartu : Tartu University Press, 2008. Dissertationes linguisticae Universitatis Tartuensis, 1406-5657 ; 9

  9. Vene külaelust XX sajandi lõpus / Galina Ponomarjova ; vene keelest tõlkinud Jaan Isotamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ponomarjova, Galina, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Arvustus: Говорит Ивахново : Наблюдения над процессом выживания псковской деревни в 1996 -1998 гг./ Natalia Baschmakoff, Nina Loimi, Johanna Takala. (Learning by doing : Working papers from the Russian Department University of Joensuu, 1456-0976 ; 2). Joensuu, 2000

  10. [Mari Uusküla. Basic colour terms in Finno-Ugric and Slavonic Languages] / Galina Paramei

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paramei, Galina

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Uusküla, Mari. Basic colour terms in Finno-ugric and Slavonic languages: myths and facts. Tartu : Tartu University Press, 2008. Dissertationes linguisticae Universitatis Tartuensis, 1406-5657 ; 9

  11. Visit of Mr. Mikhail P. Kirpichnikov, Minister of Science and Technology, Russian Federation at the LHC experiment exhibits (CMS, ALICE, LHC-B, ATLAS)

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    1998-01-01

    From left: V. Matveev, Director INR Coordinator for the Russian Groups in CMS; A. Logounov, Director of the Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP Protvino); O. Patarakin, Senior Specialist of the Ministry of Science of the RF; M. Della Negra, CMS spokesman; M. Kirpichnikov, Minister of Science and Technology of the Russian Federation; M. Danilov, Director of ITEP, Member of the CERN Scientific Committee. (Photo 05)

  12. Evaluation of the host specificity of Spathius galinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a larval parasitoid of the emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Northeast Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Host-specificity determination prior to the introduction of non-native natural enemies (predators and parasitoids) is a critical component of the risk assessment for modern classical biological control programs. In the present study, we assessed the host specificity of a newly described parasitoid,...

  13. Mõni sõna täpsustuseks / Sergei Dotsenko, Aurika Meimre, Galina Ponomarjova, Aida Hatšaturjan, Irina Belobrovtseva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Vastukaja art.: Pild, Lea. Tallinna tekst vene kultuuris // Keel ja Kirjandus (2007) nr. 1, lk. 66-68. Rmt. retsensioonist : Балтийский архив : русская культура в Прибалтике. XI, "Таллинский текст" в русской культуре : сборник в честь проф. И. З. Белобровцевой - к 60-летию со дня рождения / [ответсвенный редактор С. Доценко]. Tallinn : Tallinna Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2006

  14. The Doorway for Devils

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    Mikhail Bakunin ................................................................................21 5. Sergei Nechaev...journalists, and included individuals such as Pyotr Zaichnevsky, Nicholas Chernyshevskii, and Mikhail Bakunin . Additionally, terror cell leaders like...called them to action the way that Zaichnevsky did. 4. Mikhail Bakunin Perhaps the best characterization of Mikhail Bakunin is that he was a

  15. Il dialogo con l’altro, “il mio eroe”, in Michail Bachtin = O diálogo com o outro, “o meu herói”, em Mikhail Bakhtin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ponzio, Augusto

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A compreensão e descrição de cada um, na própria unicidade, singularidade, não seria possível se efetuada pelo mesmo sujeito em torno do qual ela se organiza, como tal incapaz de ter uma visão do todo. Nem pode advir de um ponto de vista cognoscitivo, não emotivo e valorativamente participativo, sob uma ótica objetiva, indiferente. Nem mesmo pode basear-se na empatia, que reduziria a uma única visão a relação de duas posições reciprocamente externas e não intercambiantes. Para Bakhtin, a interpretação-compreensão da arquitetônica pressupõe que ela se realize a partir de uma posição externa, extralocalizada, exotópica, outra, diferente e, ao mesmo tempo, não indiferente, mas, por sua vez, participativa. Acontecem, assim, dois centros de valor – aquele do eu e aquele do outro – que são “os dois centros de valor da própria vida”. Pois bem, Bakhtin, em “Para uma filosofia do ato responsável”, identifica uma visão do gênero especificamente na arte verbal, na literatura, que é também uma visão arquitetônica, organizada em torno daquele centro de valor – o herói – que é o ser humano singular na sua unicidade, insubstituibilidade, precariedade, mortalidade. A relação do autor com o seu herói é de um interesse desinteressado. Desse modo, em que consiste a relação entre a arte e a vida? O que daquilo que é visto da arte, da arte verbal, não deve ser esquecido, não deve ficar inativo na vida? A resposta é evidente, mesmo não sendo fácil de ser aceita: a assunção do outro como herói, e também a necessidade na vida de uma relação com o outro, como aquela entre o autor e herói e, consequentemente, entre leitor e herói: o outro como “meu herói”, como o pode ser, graças a Dostoiévski, também o Raskólnikov de “Crime e Castigo” ou o Stavrogin de “Os demônios”

  16. Stekljannõh del master, ili Steklo otdelno, kotletõ otdelno / Julia Totskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Totskaja, Julia

    1999-01-01

    Õpingutest rahvakoolis Bornholmi saarel Taanis jutustab Narva Kolledzhi üliõpilane Galina Dõtshenko: ka maalimise ja klaasikunsti õppimisest. Oma tööde näituse korraldas ta Narva Kolledzhi lugemissaalis

  17. Heinekeni baar = Heineken bar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Heinekeni baari (Tallinn, Harju 6) sisekujundusest, mis on inspireeritud õlletootja reklaamist, kus tegevus toimub walk-in-külmkapi ümber. Autorid: sisearhitekt Galina Burnakova, arhitekt Gert Sarv (November AB), loetletud nende tehtud töid

  18. Når der bliver sat pris på teatret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhlmann, Annelis

    2006-01-01

    Galina Polischujs forestilling Put, bejini! (Blow, wind!), der vandt flere priser ved Spelmanu Nakts i november 2005. Forestillingen anmeldes og perspektiveres til diskussioner om historieskrivning og national kanon. Udgivelsesdato: marts...

  19. Nagrada za vopros / Pavel Stepanov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stepanov, Pavel

    2002-01-01

    4. novembrist algav projekt "Kultuurimissioon" ("Kulturnaja missija"), algatajaks Riiklik Vene Draamateater. Esimesena kohtub publikuga vene näitlejanna Galina Bokashevskaja ja näidatakse filmi "Totalitaarne romaan"

  20. Bagatellid / Mirjam Tally

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tally, Mirjam, 1976-

    2007-01-01

    Galina Rostropovitš-Višnevskaja kunstikollektsioon ja Ambrose Gauntletti autogrammikogu oksionidel. Hiroshima aatiomipommirünnakus kahjustada saanud klaver taastatud. Bayreuthi ooperifestival otsib uut juhti Richard Wagneri sugulaste hulgas. Parim poogen valmib pernambuco'st

  1. Heinekeni baar = Heineken bar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Heinekeni baari (Tallinn, Harju 6) sisekujundusest, mis on inspireeritud õlletootja reklaamist, kus tegevus toimub walk-in-külmkapi ümber. Autorid: sisearhitekt Galina Burnakova, arhitekt Gert Sarv (November AB), loetletud nende tehtud töid

  2. The Humanity in Nature and The Nature in Humanity——The Discussion of The Ecological Responsibility Thought in Mikhail Mikhailovich Pristina Man's Works%自然中的人性与人性中的自然——论普里什文作品中的生态意识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚雅锐

    2011-01-01

    "Men and nature" ecological responsibility thought in Pristina Man's Works is one of the important motifs in Russian literature."Nature"is always one of the most important Literary heroes in Pristina Man's works.She continuously provides material and inspiration for Russian literature and culture."Nature" in Pristina Man's Works expresses the writer's deep affection.This kind of affection attention has shaped the style of sentiment、exquisiteness、simplicity and fragrance of humanity in Pristina Man's Works.Humans have all the factors of the nature.As long as people want,they can arouse echoes of everything that exists around them.%普里什文作品主题中的生态意识是贯穿俄罗斯近代文学的主题之一。普里什文始终将"自然"作为自己作品中的重要主人公,也为后来的众多俄罗斯作家提供了写作的素材和灵感。普里什文所描写的自然清新而朴实,仿佛自己的亲人或挚友一般。在他生动细致的描写下,大自然仿佛有了灵魂,人类与大自然相互呼应,和谐统一,感人至深。

  3. Russian officials attempt to smash "myths" about the Mari / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2005-01-01

    7. juulil kohtusid Vene Riigiduuma saadik Valeri Komissarov ja Marimaa regiooni aseminister Galina Shirjajeva Tallinnas Vene suursaadikuga Eestis Konstantin Provaloviga ja regionaalministri nõuniku Aarne Veedlaga, et lükata ümber kuulujutud maride inimõiguste rikkumisest Venemaal

  4. Abielupaar süüdistas Maximat depressiooni ja peavalu tekitamises / Kristina Traks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traks, Kristina, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Viktor ja Galina Petkevitsh vaidlesid Maxima Eestiga kuni riigikohtuni välja, süüdistades kauplust oma akende all kolistamises ning inimväärse elu rikkumises. Riigikohus poelt kahjutasu välja ei nõudnud

  5. Mapping markers linked to porcine salmonellosis susceptibility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galina-Pantoja, L.; Siggens, K.; Schriek, M.G.; Heuven, H.C.M.

    2009-01-01

    Anim Genet. 2009 Jun 3. [Epub ahead of print] Mapping markers linked to porcine salmonellosis susceptibility. Galina-Pantoja L, Siggens K, van Schriek MG, Heuven HC. PIC/Genus, 100 Bluegrass Commons Blvd, Hendersonville, TN 37075, USA. The goal of this study was to identify pig chromosomal regions a

  6. Chronology of Soviet Dissidence: January 1970 through December 1982,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-05-17

    34* . 1970 * September 4 Soviet ballerina Natalya Makarova defected in London. October 10 Brief communique from the Secretariat of the USSR Writers...Soviet behavior. July 4 Ballerina Galina Chursina defected from Bolshoy Ballet troupe in Istanbul. 14-15 I. Grivnina, member of Psychiatric Abuses

  7. Noorte sisearhitektide leiutised Tallinna Disainigaleriis / Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia 2005. a. lõpetanud sisearhitektide diplomitööde väljapanekust Tallinnas Disaini- ja Arhitektuurigaleriis juunis 2005. Linda Anstali, Elo Liina Kaivo, Helen Rebase, Maris Kerge, Mari Tosmini, Triinu Kuub'i, Kaarel Künnapu, Kard Männili, Kärt Kukkuri, Karmen Vettiku ja Galina Burnakova diplomitöödest

  8. Kuressaare 2008. aasta parimad ehitised selgunud / kommenteerinud Hannes Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Parim terviklahendus golfiala (golfiväljaku projekteerija soome arhitekt Lassi Pekka Tilander, klubihoone projekteeris arhitektuuristuudio Siim & Kreis arhitekt Andres Siim). Parim uusehitis eramu Merikotka 45 (projekteerija Ösel Plan arhitekt Terje Truumaa) ja parim renoveeritud ehitis vana pritsumaja (Kuressaare Kommunaalprojekt projekteerija Galina Kanemägi)

  9. Russian officials attempt to smash "myths" about the Mari / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2005-01-01

    7. juulil kohtusid Vene Riigiduuma saadik Valeri Komissarov ja Marimaa regiooni aseminister Galina Shirjajeva Tallinnas Vene suursaadikuga Eestis Konstantin Provaloviga ja regionaalministri nõuniku Aarne Veedlaga, et lükata ümber kuulujutud maride inimõiguste rikkumisest Venemaal

  10. Anneli Remme soovitab : Kriguli ja Grigorjeva uued teosed / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Ülo Kriguli "Preces ad lucem" ("Palve valguse poole") ja Galina Grigorjeva "Nature Morte" ettekandest Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoori (dirigent Daniel Reuss) esituses 23. okt. Tallinnas Niguliste kirikus ja 24. okt. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus. Tallinna kontserdil esitusel ka Sofia Gubaidulina "Nüüd aina lumi"ja Pärnu kontserdil Frank Martini "Missa"

  11. Noorte sisearhitektide leiutised Tallinna Disainigaleriis / Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia 2005. a. lõpetanud sisearhitektide diplomitööde väljapanekust Tallinnas Disaini- ja Arhitektuurigaleriis juunis 2005. Linda Anstali, Elo Liina Kaivo, Helen Rebase, Maris Kerge, Mari Tosmini, Triinu Kuub'i, Kaarel Künnapu, Kard Männili, Kärt Kukkuri, Karmen Vettiku ja Galina Burnakova diplomitöödest

  12. High Energy Density Nastic Structures Using Biological Transport Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-28

    occur at the cell wall and membranes of inter-cellular organelles to transport nutrients in the plant. The concentration of ions from the active and...pp. 459–467. [6] dos Santos, A. C., da Silva, W. S., de Meis, L., and Galina, A., “Proton Transport in Maize Tonoplasts Supported by Fructose-1,6

  13. V Novõi god s novõmi võstavkami / Vitali Shkola

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shkola, Vitali

    2008-01-01

    Kunstinäitustest Sillamäe raamatukogus. Kuni 30. jaanuarini on raamatukogus avatud Galina Perova käsitööstuudio näitus "Tikkimiskunst - see on kaunis!" ja "Taru" kunstiklasside õpilaste tööd "Ida-Virumaa pildid"

  14. Vene tüng / Arvo Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Arvo, 1956-2010

    2006-01-01

    28. aprillist kuni 4. maini Tallinnas toimunud II Vene Kino festivalist Baltimaades. Lähemalt mõnest nähtud filmist : Aleksandr Atanesjani "Lurjused" ("Svolotshi"), Deniss Neimandi "Vanaraud" ("Zhest"), Nikolai Dostali "Maailmarändur Kolja" ("Kolja-perekati-polje"), Roman Hrushtshi "Vedamine" ("Fart"), Marina Migunova "Krahv Montenegro" ja Galina Jevtushenko "Pööningulugu"

  15. Kas teie kool on eestikeelseks õppeks valmis? / Niina Sõtnik, Sergei Šarikov, Sergei Teplov ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid Tallinna Tõnismäe reaalkooli direktor Niina Sõtnik, Narva humanitaargümnaasiumi õppealajuhataja Sergei Šarikov, Tallinna kesklinna vene gümnaasiumi direktor Sergei Teplov, Tallinna Mustjõe gümnaasiumi hoolekogu esimees Galina Värinen ja Narva Pähklimäe gümnaasiumi direktor Tatjana Zarutskihh

  16. Kuressaare 2008. aasta parimad ehitised selgunud / kommenteerinud Hannes Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Parim terviklahendus golfiala (golfiväljaku projekteerija soome arhitekt Lassi Pekka Tilander, klubihoone projekteeris arhitektuuristuudio Siim & Kreis arhitekt Andres Siim). Parim uusehitis eramu Merikotka 45 (projekteerija Ösel Plan arhitekt Terje Truumaa) ja parim renoveeritud ehitis vana pritsumaja (Kuressaare Kommunaalprojekt projekteerija Galina Kanemägi)

  17. Legitimate Use of Military Force Against State-Sponsored International Terrorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-07-01

    means will always be judged honorable and praised by everyone.�58 Mikhail Bakunin , the Russian anarchist, called terrorism �the propaganda of the...Machiavelli quoted in ibid. 59. Mikhail Bakunin quoted in ibid. 60. Wilkinson, Terrorism and the Liberal State, 180-81. 61. Vice President, Report

  18. Area Handbook Series: Soviet Union: A Country Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    radicals such as the incendiary anar- chist Mikhail Bakunin and his terrorist collaborator, Sergei Nechaev, urged direct action. The calmer Petr...581; Russian acquisition of, 29, Baykal-Amur Main Line (BAM), 124, 489, 157 539, 557-58, 721; area serviced by, 558; con- Bakunin , Mikhail, 40

  19. Lugusid möödunud aegadest / Andrus Kivirähk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivirähk, Andrus, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Autor toob viimasel ajal loetud kirjandusteoste hulgast välja oma põnevaimad leiud: Mart Kivastik. Külmetava kunstniku portree ; Mart Kivastik. Põrgu wärk ; Mart Kivastik. Kits õnge ja viiuliga ; Galina Vishnevskaja. Aeg ja elu ; Maurice Druon. Neetud kuningad : raudne kuningas ; Maurice Druon. Neetud kuningad : kägistatud kuninganna ; Maurice Druon. Neetud kuningad : kuningavõimu mürgitajad

  20. Uudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2013-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Michel van der Aa pälvis Grawemeyeri muusikaauhinna. Norra rahvusooper tellis Jüri Reinverelt ooperi "Peer Gynt". Dirigent Santtu-Matias Rouvali tõus. New Yorgi Filharmoonikud teevad koostööd Hiinaga. Lahkus Galina Višnevskaja. Suri Charles Rosen. Daniel Barenboim rajab Berliini uue muusikaakadeemia. Viiulikaupmehele vanglakaristus. Toronto linnast valmib sümfoonia jt.

  1. Eliisabeti kirikus kõlavad kooriteosed

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ülo Kriguli "Preces ad lucem" ("Palve valguse poole") ja Galina Grigorjeva "Nature morte" esiettekandest Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoori (dirigent Daniel Reuss) esituses 23. okt. Tallinnas Niguliste kirikus ja 24. okt. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus. Pärnu kontserdil kavas ka Cyrillus Kreegi "Taaveti" laulud ja Frank Martini "Missa". Pärnust sõidab koor Riiga professionaalsele kooride festivalile "Tenso päevad"

  2. International Conference on Low Temperature Chemistry (6th) Held in Chernogolovka, Russia on 27 August - 1 September 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-20

    Aminoacids in Rare Gas Matrices Galina G.Sheina and Alexander Yu. Ivanov B.Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, Ukrainian...single bioorganic molecules have been investigated. We present here matrix FTIR spectra of nucleosides, sugars, aminoacids and several active...Intramolecular H-bonds of NH2…O=C, NH…OH and NH2…OH types were identified in conformers of aminoacid glycine which were frozen in Kr, Ar or Ne matrices

  3. Uudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2013-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Michel van der Aa pälvis Grawemeyeri muusikaauhinna. Norra rahvusooper tellis Jüri Reinverelt ooperi "Peer Gynt". Dirigent Santtu-Matias Rouvali tõus. New Yorgi Filharmoonikud teevad koostööd Hiinaga. Lahkus Galina Višnevskaja. Suri Charles Rosen. Daniel Barenboim rajab Berliini uue muusikaakadeemia. Viiulikaupmehele vanglakaristus. Toronto linnast valmib sümfoonia jt.

  4. Социальные ценности сельских учителей в условиях рыночной экономики

    OpenAIRE

    Силласте, Галина

    2004-01-01

    Galina G. Sillaste in "Social Values of Teachers in Rural Areas in Market Economy" looks at the data of interdisciplinary socio-pedagogical survey "Value orientations of teachers, students and their parents in the process of development of market economy in rural areas". The project was carried out under her guidance in 18 regions of Russia. She considers a broad range of issues — the assessment by rural teachers of the quality of training of senior students for practical activities and for e...

  5. Ümarlaua diskussioon. 1. osa : Euroopa Liidu Läänemere strateegia - väljakutse koostööle kohalikul ja regionaalsel tasandil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Konverentsi ümarlaual võtsid sõna Erik Terk, Toomas Vitsut, Thomas Johansson, Katrin Savomägi, Jasmin Etelämäki, Edvins Karnitis, Ulf Johansson, Per Gudmund Lindencrona, Mika Keränen, Uno Aldegren, Georg Sootla, Heikki Telakivi, Piret Hedin, Mart Repnau, Jüri Riives, Madis Kanarbik, Enn Saar, Tiiu Evert, Galina Gribanova, Keijo Sahrman, Linda Talve

  6. Round-table discussion at Tallinn City Council (March 8, 2010). Part one : The European Union strategy for the Baltic Sea Region - a challenge for cooperation on local and regional levels

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Konverentsi ümarlaual võtsid sõna Erik Terk, Toomas Vitsut, Thomas Johansson, Katrin Savomägi, Jasmin Etelämäki, Edvins Karnitis, Ulf Johansson, Per Gudmund Lindencrona, Mika Keränen, Uno Aldegren, Georg Sootla, Heikki Telakivi, Piret Hedin, Mart Repnau, Jüri Riives, Madis Kanarbik, Enn Saar, Tiiu Evert, Galina Gribanova, Keijo Sahrman, Linda Talve

  7. Round-table discussion at Tallinn City Council (March 8, 2010). Part one : The European Union strategy for the Baltic Sea Region - a challenge for cooperation on local and regional levels

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Konverentsi ümarlaual võtsid sõna Erik Terk, Toomas Vitsut, Thomas Johansson, Katrin Savomägi, Jasmin Etelämäki, Edvins Karnitis, Ulf Johansson, Per Gudmund Lindencrona, Mika Keränen, Uno Aldegren, Georg Sootla, Heikki Telakivi, Piret Hedin, Mart Repnau, Jüri Riives, Madis Kanarbik, Enn Saar, Tiiu Evert, Galina Gribanova, Keijo Sahrman, Linda Talve

  8. Ümarlaua diskussioon. 1. osa : Euroopa Liidu Läänemere strateegia - väljakutse koostööle kohalikul ja regionaalsel tasandil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Konverentsi ümarlaual võtsid sõna Erik Terk, Toomas Vitsut, Thomas Johansson, Katrin Savomägi, Jasmin Etelämäki, Edvins Karnitis, Ulf Johansson, Per Gudmund Lindencrona, Mika Keränen, Uno Aldegren, Georg Sootla, Heikki Telakivi, Piret Hedin, Mart Repnau, Jüri Riives, Madis Kanarbik, Enn Saar, Tiiu Evert, Galina Gribanova, Keijo Sahrman, Linda Talve

  9. Lugusid möödunud aegadest / Andrus Kivirähk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivirähk, Andrus, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Autor toob viimasel ajal loetud kirjandusteoste hulgast välja oma põnevaimad leiud: Mart Kivastik. Külmetava kunstniku portree ; Mart Kivastik. Põrgu wärk ; Mart Kivastik. Kits õnge ja viiuliga ; Galina Vishnevskaja. Aeg ja elu ; Maurice Druon. Neetud kuningad : raudne kuningas ; Maurice Druon. Neetud kuningad : kägistatud kuninganna ; Maurice Druon. Neetud kuningad : kuningavõimu mürgitajad

  10. Transport of Na48 Drift Chambers to Dubna

    CERN Multimedia

    GOLOVATYUK, V

    2010-01-01

    On 22 July, in the occasion of the departure of the Na48 Drift Chambers from CERN, Mikhail Itkis (acting Director of the JIINR) and Rolf Heuer (CERN Director General) visited the NA62 experimental area.

  11. Russia's science minister keeps cabinet post

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    Mikhail Kirpichnikov, minister for science and technology has kept his post in the cabinet of the new prime minister Sergei Stepashin. Yevgeniy Adamov also remains as minister of atomic energy (2 paragraphs).

  12. Moments in the Modern History of the Language Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swales, John M.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the beginning of the ascendancy of the language sciences in the past 50 years to become the "queen" of social studies. Focuses on contributions by Mikhail Bakhtin, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Noam Chomsky, Erving Goffman, and Michael Halliday. (SC)

  13. Formação de professores e saberes docentes: trajetória e preocupações de uma pesquisadora da docência - uma entrevista com Ruth Mercado

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Souza, Denise Trento Rebello de; Zibetti, Marli Lúcia Tonatto

    2014-01-01

    ... etnográfica, calcada na articulação entre trabalho empírico e conceitual, possibilita que a autora, a partir do pensamento de Agnes Heller, Mikhail Bakhtin e Lev Vigotsky, dentre outros, produza...

  14. Moments in the Modern History of the Language Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swales, John M.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the beginning of the ascendancy of the language sciences in the past 50 years to become the "queen" of social studies. Focuses on contributions by Mikhail Bakhtin, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Noam Chomsky, Erving Goffman, and Michael Halliday. (SC)

  15. The Play as Novel: Reappropriating Brecht's "Drums in the Night."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollock, Della

    1988-01-01

    Applies Mikhail Bakhtin's theory of the novel to Bertolt Brecht's "Drums in the Night" to illuminate the play's dialogic structure and alienation value, and reappropriate its prerevolutionary dimensions for contemporary use. (MM)

  16. Temperature profile data from bottle casts in the Southern Oceans from 26 June 1985 to 18 October 1989 (NODC Accession 0000302)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile data were collected from the MIKHAIL SOMOV and KADEMIK FEDOROV (aka AKADEMIK FYODOROV) from June 26, 1985 to October 18, 1989. These data were...

  17. "I Loved My Brother Infinitely…"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Fokin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Literary heritage of Mikhail Mikhailovich Dostoevsky(1820-1864 is not very abundant and appeals to experts only. His personality is of much more importance for national and world culture. He was a friend and soul mate of his genius brother (almost coeval. Their relations were an essential element of the biography and spiritual identity of Fyodor Dostoevsky. Mikhail was the first and for many years the only interlocutor of F.M. Dostoevsky. His role as an addressee in Fyodor Dostoevsky’s letters cannot be underestimated either. Fyodor Dostoevsky regarded his brother not only as a friend but as a business partner too. Their most successful joint enterprise was publishing of the magazine “Time” (“Vremya” (1861–1863, whose initiator and owner became Mikhail Dostoevsky. After Мikhail’s death Fyodor took charge of his family that had both direct and indirect impact on his own lifestyle. The year 2014 was the 150th anniversary of Mikhail Dostoevsky’s death. In this regard, the State Literature Museum organized an exposition titled “I loved my brother infinitely...” in the F.M. Dostoevsky Museum-Apartment. It was the first exposition dedicated to the personality of Mikhail Dostoevsky and his literary heritage. A lot of exhibit items had never been exposed before.

  18. Usage of multimedia in e-learning vocational training courses

    OpenAIRE

    Leščinskienė, Danguolė

    2011-01-01

    E. mokymasis suprantamas kaip mokymosi medžiaga, kurią galima pasiekti pasinaudojant informacijos ir komunikacijos technologijomis. E. mokymosi aplinka įgalina naudoti daug multimedijos elementų. Įvairios interaktyvios pateiktys, testai ar šiaip interaktyviai aiškinamos užduotys ir yra tas arsenalas, kuris palengvina ir sukuria žaismingą atmosferą besimokantiesiems. Virtualioje erdvėje patalpinti mokymosi kursai paprastai būna praturtinti lentelėmis, grafikais, iliustracijomis, tačiau...

  19. Homsed disaini- ja furnituurilahendused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Müügijuht Galina Sepp 2006. a. asutatud mööbliettevõttest AIS Furniture (Advanced Interior Solutions), mille tootmistsehh asub Harjumaal Loo alevikus, salong Tallinnas Pärnu mnt. 66. Toodetakse eritellimusel mööblit kööki, elu- ja vannituppa, garderoobi, büroosse ning abiruumidesse. AIS Furniture disaineritelt saab tellida kogu maja või korteri sisekujunduse koos mööbliga. Köökide tehnilised lahendused on pärit furnituuritootjatelt

  20. Näiteid ja nimesid läti teatri seest / Rait Avestik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Avestik, Rait, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Sügisel Riias toimunud teatrifestivalist "Spelmanu nakts", kus võis näha Läti teatri 2006/2007. aasta hooaja parimaid lavastusi. Pikemalt lavastustest: Alvis Hermanise "Vaikuse hääl", "Pikk elu" ja "Läti armastus" Riia Uues Teatris; Nabokovi "Lolita" Dzh. Dzh. Dzhilindzhersi tõlgenduses Daile teatris; Ostrovski näidendi "Äike" põhjal Galina Polishtshuki "Meie" Läti Rahvusteater koostöös Teatriobservatooriumiga; Rudolfs Baumanise "Surma varjus", lavastanud Martinsh Eihe Valmiera teatris

  1. Näiteid ja nimesid läti teatri seest / Rait Avestik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Avestik, Rait, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Sügisel Riias toimunud teatrifestivalist "Spelmanu nakts", kus võis näha Läti teatri 2006/2007. aasta hooaja parimaid lavastusi. Pikemalt lavastustest: Alvis Hermanise "Vaikuse hääl", "Pikk elu" ja "Läti armastus" Riia Uues Teatris; Nabokovi "Lolita" Dzh. Dzh. Dzhilindzhersi tõlgenduses Daile teatris; Ostrovski näidendi "Äike" põhjal Galina Polishtshuki "Meie" Läti Rahvusteater koostöös Teatriobservatooriumiga; Rudolfs Baumanise "Surma varjus", lavastanud Martinsh Eihe Valmiera teatris

  2. Homsed disaini- ja furnituurilahendused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Müügijuht Galina Sepp 2006. a. asutatud mööbliettevõttest AIS Furniture (Advanced Interior Solutions), mille tootmistsehh asub Harjumaal Loo alevikus, salong Tallinnas Pärnu mnt. 66. Toodetakse eritellimusel mööblit kööki, elu- ja vannituppa, garderoobi, büroosse ning abiruumidesse. AIS Furniture disaineritelt saab tellida kogu maja või korteri sisekujunduse koos mööbliga. Köökide tehnilised lahendused on pärit furnituuritootjatelt

  3. Anker Jørgensen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thurah, Thomas

    Fra omslaget: Søster Irma, onkel Oscar, Frits Clausen, PH, John F. Kennedy, månelandingen, Ingrid og børnene, Mogens Glistrup, bilfrie søndage, Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbatjov, formandsopgøret i Socialdemokratiet og Barack Obama. Forhenværende svajer, tillidsmand, forbundsformand og statsmin......Fra omslaget: Søster Irma, onkel Oscar, Frits Clausen, PH, John F. Kennedy, månelandingen, Ingrid og børnene, Mogens Glistrup, bilfrie søndage, Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbatjov, formandsopgøret i Socialdemokratiet og Barack Obama. Forhenværende svajer, tillidsmand, forbundsformand og...

  4. Moral Obligation and the Military: Collected Essays

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    tradition. Its origins lie with men like Bakunin , at least as far back as the 1860s. Man is regenerated (or saved) through violence and the masses can be...Independence (1776) and (Aviatsiya i Kosmonavtika), 771 human rights, 156 Americas Watch, 149-50 Bakunin , Mikhail, and violence,Amnesty International, 152

  5. A Military Guide to Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-08-01

    justification for actions, including terrorism, that hasten the destruction of the capitalist order. Mikhail Bakunin – Aristocrat and former officer of the...Russian Imperial Guard, Bakunin developed an anarchist theory that viewed all forms of authority as ultimately oppressive, including religious concepts

  6. An Enriching Methodology. Bakhtin's "Dialogic Origin and Dialogic Pedagogy of Grammar" and the Teaching of Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halasek, Kay

    2005-01-01

    In "Dialogic Origin," Mikhail Bakhtin -- as teacher-researcher and theorist -- presents readers with a remarkable essay on teaching grammar and style to 7th-year students (roughly equivalent to 10th graders in the U.S. educational system). In doing so, Bakhtin employs some of his most notable concepts (among them dialogism and "hero") as informing…

  7. Toomas Tool ostab Thbilisi vanalinna / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2007-01-01

    Väidetavalt tunneb Eesti jõukamaid ärimehi Toomas Tool huvi kinnisvara vastu Thbilisi kesk- ja vanalinnas, kohtumisi Eesti ärimehe ja Gruusia riigimeeste vahel on aidanud korraldada Gruusia presidendi Mikhail Saakashvili nõunik Mart Laar. Vt. samas lühintervjuud Mart Laariga: Aitan paljusid ärimehi

  8. Festive environmentalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olwig, Mette Fog; Christiansen, Lene Bull

    2016-01-01

    Mikhail Bakhtin’s idea of the carnivalesque is applied here to a case study of eco-voluntourism at the Roskilde Festival, an international culture and music event held in Denmark. In the literature on popular forms of environmentalism a dichotomy between engaging and educating about the political...... a venue for both to be stimulated....

  9. Gendered Educational Leadership: Beneath the Monoglossic Façade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Kay

    2014-01-01

    Recent gender retheorisation has drawn on Mikhail Bakhtin's literary and linguistic theories of monoglossia and heteroglossia to reconcile seemingly contradictory gender discourses. Thus, girls/women and boys/men as they are biologically sexed might be discussed within a poststructural gender theory discourse that disconnects gender from the…

  10. Negotiating Accountability during Student Teaching: The Influence of an Inquiry-Based Student Teaching Seminar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuenca, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on the work of Russian literary critic, Mikhail Bakhtin, this article explores how an inquiry-based social studies student teaching seminar helped three preservice teachers negotiate the pressures of standards-based reforms during student teaching. The author first examines how initial perceptions of standardization and high-stakes testing…

  11. Bakhtinian "Bildung" and the Educational Process: Some Historical Considerations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandist, Craig

    2017-01-01

    The article considers the theme of "Bildung" and the educational process in the work of Mikhail Bakhtin, with reference to the philosophical tradition in which his ideas stand. This tradition is traced through the work of Hegel, von Humboldt and the Marburg neo-Kantian Paul Natorp. It is shown that Bakhtin's central essays on the novel…

  12. Two Cultures, Two Dialogists and Two Intersecting Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravenscroft, Lesley

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents some possibilities for applying the linguistic and psychological theories of two dialogists, Mikhail Bakhtin and Jacques Lacan, to the classroom. There is a short summary of how the two theories may interact with each other and then a discussion of their two opposing views of identity formation. Bakhtin was a Russian, coming…

  13. www.snob.ru: A Social Network Site for the Elite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roesen, Tine

    2011-01-01

    Since its launch in 2008, the Russian project Snob, involving a printed magazine and a website, has fascinated observers as the first example of a self-proclaimed Russian elite, joining the league of asmallworld.net and affluence.com. Sponsored by billionaire Mik-hail Prokhorov, the project...

  14. Psychodiagnostic Properties of the Piotr Oles´ "Internal Dialogical Activity Scale"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astretsov, D. A.; Leontiev, D. A.

    2016-01-01

    The article discusses the concept of internal dialogue and how it is understood in various schools of psychological research, including both Russia and abroad. The authors briefly investigate how the concept was understood by Mikhail Bakhtin, Lev Vygotsky, G.M. Kuchinskii, and Hubert Hermans. The "Internal Dialogical Activity Scale"…

  15. Beyond Member-Checking: A Dialogic Approach to the Research Interview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, Lou

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a dialogic qualitative interview design for a narrative study of six international UK university students' motivation for learning English. Based on the work of Mikhail Bakhtin, this design was developed in order to address the limitations of member-checking [Lincoln, Y. S., and E. G. Guba. 1985. "Naturalistic…

  16. Writing with Voice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kesler, Ted

    2012-01-01

    In this Teaching Tips article, the author argues for a dialogic conception of voice, based in the work of Mikhail Bakhtin. He demonstrates a dialogic view of voice in action, using two writing examples about the same topic from his daughter, a fifth-grade student. He then provides five practical tips for teaching a dialogic conception of voice in…

  17. Dialogism and Carnival in Virginia Woolf's "To the Lighthouse": A Bakhtinian Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faizi, Hamed; Taghizadeh, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Mikhail Bakhtin's dialogism in a novel promises the creation of a domain of interactive context for different voices which results in a polyphonic discourse. Instead of trying to suppress each other, the voices of the novel interact upon the other voices in a way that none of them tries to silent the other ones, and each one has the opportunity to…

  18. The Implications of Carnival Theory for Interpreting Drama Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Po-chi

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on Mikhail Bakhtin's Carnival theory, this article focuses on specific outcomes of a research project the author undertook in Hong Kong, where drama pedagogy has been recently introduced into the official curriculum. It investigates the ways in which laughter, noise, jokes, frolic and popular literacies commonly appear in classrooms where…

  19. Bakhtin's Carnival and Pretend Role Play: A Comparison of Social Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Lynn E.

    2011-01-01

    Twentieth-century Russian literary critic and semiotician Mikhail Bakhtin developed an emology that linked carnival, authority, and laughter. Drawing on his work, the author investigates hidden parent-child interactions and children's discourse in early-childhood play. She argues that Bakhtin's ideas of carnival and its discourses apply to young…

  20. Carnival in a Mainstream Kindergarten Classroom: A Bakhtinian Analysis of Second Language Learners' Off-Task Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iddings, Ana Christina DaSilva; McCafferty, Steven G.

    2007-01-01

    This study explored Mikhail Bakhtin's conceptualization of carnival as it applies to 2 second language (L2) learners in an American kindergarten classroom. Unwilling to engage in two story retelling tasks, the children nevertheless invoked the imaginative, playful, and dialogic world of carnival, creating meaningful, contingent contexts for…

  1. Soviet Integration into the World Economy. Report of the Strategy for Peace, U.S. Foreign Policy Conference (29th, Warrenton, Virginia, October 13-15, 1988).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.

    Since coming to power, Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev has undertaken an ambitious program to reform the Soviet economy. Perestroika touches every aspect of Soviet economic life, including relations with the international economy. Soviet specialists and international economists must find common ground so that they can successfully…

  2. The Importance of Dialogic Processes to Conceptual Development in Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazak, Sibel; Wegerif, Rupert; Fujita, Taro

    2015-01-01

    We argue that dialogic theory, inspired by the Russian scholar Mikhail Bakhtin, has a distinct contribution to the analysis of the genesis of understanding in the mathematics classroom. We begin by contrasting dialogic theory to other leading theoretical approaches to understanding conceptual development in mathematics influenced by Jean Piaget…

  3. Cost-Effective Pavement Performance Management of Indiana's Enhanced National Highway System through Strategic Modification of the Pavement Rehabilitation Treatment Trigger Values

    OpenAIRE

    Noureldin, Menna; Fricker, Jon D.; Sinha, Kumares C.

    2015-01-01

    Cost-Effective Pavement Performance Management of Indiana's Enhanced National Highway System through Strategic Modification of the Pavement Rehabilitation Treatment Trigger Values Presented during Session 3: Policy and Funding, moderated by Magdy Mikhail, at the 9th International Conference on Managing Pavement Assets (ICMPA9) in Alexandria, VA. Includes conference paper and PowerPoint slides.

  4. Distorted Dialogue in Richard Matheson's "I Am Legend": A Bakhtinian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faizi, Hamed; Taghizadeh, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Based on the theories of Mikhail Bakhtin, a dialogue can necessarily take place only in a two-sided communication. But if a party creates a hierarchical situation for the domination of its voice in the context, the communication will no longer be dialogic. In "I Am Legend", Richard Matheson depicts a post-apocalyptic world that is…

  5. Gendered Educational Leadership: Beneath the Monoglossic Façade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Kay

    2014-01-01

    Recent gender retheorisation has drawn on Mikhail Bakhtin's literary and linguistic theories of monoglossia and heteroglossia to reconcile seemingly contradictory gender discourses. Thus, girls/women and boys/men as they are biologically sexed might be discussed within a poststructural gender theory discourse that disconnects gender from the body.…

  6. ASPECTOS DO DISCURSO PRIMÁRIO NO GÊNERO NOTÍCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assunção Cristóvão

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper searches for traces of the primary discourse in the news genre, from Mikhail Bakhtin's concept of discourse genre, but conceptualizes it, in accordance to its general traces, in the secondary discourse field. In order to achieve that, general characteristics of the news genre in the field of journalism are enumerated.

  7. The Importance of Dialogic Processes to Conceptual Development in Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazak, Sibel; Wegerif, Rupert; Fujita, Taro

    2015-01-01

    We argue that dialogic theory, inspired by the Russian scholar Mikhail Bakhtin, has a distinct contribution to the analysis of the genesis of understanding in the mathematics classroom. We begin by contrasting dialogic theory to other leading theoretical approaches to understanding conceptual development in mathematics influenced by Jean Piaget…

  8. From the Form to the Face to Face: IRBs, Ethnographic Researchers, and Human Subjects Translate Consent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metro, Rosalie

    2014-01-01

    Based on my fieldwork with Burmese teachers in Thailand, I describe the drawbacks of using IRB-mandated written consent procedures in my cross-cultural collaborative ethnographic research on education. Drawing on theories of intersubjectivity (Mikhail Bakhtin), ethics (Emmanuel Levinas), and translation (Naoki Sakai), I describe face-to-face…

  9. Elementos de lo cómico-serio en Maten al león de Jorge Ibargüengoitia

    OpenAIRE

    Campesino, Juan

    2011-01-01

    This work focuses on Maten al león, a novel by Jorge Ibargüengoitia, a rather unusual literary figure. It aspires to remark some stylistic and historical elements that, on one hand, enroll this novel in what Mikhail Bakhtin calls the comic serious genres tradition, and on the other hand offers a fresh and renewed vision of Mexican history.

  10. S.O.S. (Save Our Students)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Chandra R.

    2009-01-01

    Gina Smallwood always worried about whether her teenage son was wearing a seatbelt or having unprotected sex, but she was certainly never concerned about whether he was at high risk for depression. After all, Kelvin Mikhail Smallwood-Jones was a dean's list student with a 4.0 grade point average on a full academic scholarship to one of the most…

  11. A Discourse-Analysis Based Critical Approach to Contextual Interpretation of Heteroglossic Situation in the Novel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseka, Edirisingha Arachchige Gamini

    2014-01-01

    According to the theory of dialogism propounded by Mikhail Bakhtin, all discourse in the novel is a product of a process of dialogic imagination. Yet heteroglossic situation in the novel differs from general narration, as it involves interaction among two or more characters speaking in their respective voices to represent different aspects of…

  12. On Sources of the First Russian Old Testament Translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Yuryevna Anders

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at description of a hand written manuscript that has not been studied though it is known as the earliest Russian Old Testament translation from Hebrew (1806 made by a preach Mikhail Fotinskij. The author presents some references on possible text sources which were used by the translator and analyzes their contents. Among these texts there are Old-Church Slavonic text from Elisabeth Bible, Hebrew Bible, commentaries of Hebrew scholars and some others. It is stated that the text sources mentioned above had had different degrees of influence on translation process of Mikhail Fotinskij. Despite the translation purpose that was Hebrew translation and even correction of Old-Church Slavonic translation, the Old-Church Slavonic text was still important and authoritative for the translator, who was an Orthodox preach. Having compared interpretations of Old Testament by famous middle century Hebrew scholars (Rashi and Ibn Ezra the author came to the conclusion that probably Mikhail Fotinskij used commentaries of Hebrew scholar Rashi though they served as an instrument for constructing translator's own opinion about Judaic exegesis. The intention of Mikhail Fotinskij "to improve" the Old-Church Slavonic text of the Bible, to call the Hebrew text original, and to use freely Hebrew Bible and the Judaic commentaries can explain why the manuscript of the Fotinskij's translation was not excepted by his contemporaries because of the translator's intention to correct the Old-Church Slavonic text and his usage of Judaic commentary.

  13. A leveza do centauro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinicius de Freitas

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo procura analisar os procedimentos narrativos de Moacyr Scliar em O centauro no jardim, a partir da teoria do hibridismo, derivada de Mikhail Bakhtin e Donna Haraway. Como elemento de fundo, o artigo procura discutir o papel e os limites do saber teórico, seu lugar como prática cultural.

  14. Ideology, Process and Subjectivity: The Role of Hermeneutics in the Writing Conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurlbert, C. Mark

    An analysis of the interaction between self and other in the one-to-one writing conference, informed by theories of Louis Althusser, Jurgen Habermas, Mikhail Bakhtin, and others, can help tutors view one-to-one conferences as a dynamic meaning-making process occurring within an integral social context. Bakhtin/Medvedev's discussion of discourse…

  15. From the Form to the Face to Face: IRBs, Ethnographic Researchers, and Human Subjects Translate Consent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metro, Rosalie

    2014-01-01

    Based on my fieldwork with Burmese teachers in Thailand, I describe the drawbacks of using IRB-mandated written consent procedures in my cross-cultural collaborative ethnographic research on education. Drawing on theories of intersubjectivity (Mikhail Bakhtin), ethics (Emmanuel Levinas), and translation (Naoki Sakai), I describe face-to-face…

  16. Kuus TÜ teadlast sai riigi teaduspreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Eest Vabariigi aastapäeval pälvisid preemia täppisteaduste alal prof. Mikhail Brik, keemia ja molekulaarbioloogia alal prof. Jaanus Remme, arstiteaduse vallas prof-d Jaan Eha ning Mihkel Zilmer, geo- ja bioteaduste alal vanemteadur Peeter Hõrak, humanitaarteaduste alal vanemteadur Andres Tvauri

  17. Talking and Learning in Classrooms: An Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Douglas

    1995-01-01

    Suggests that the kinds of participation in the classroom conversation that are supported and encouraged by a teacher signals to students what learning is required of them. Introduces the articles in this special issue by discussing the ideas of Jerome Bruner, Lev Vygotsky, James Britton, and Mikhail Bakhtin. (RS)

  18. Learning to Mock--Challenging the Teaching Establishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriel, Norman

    2016-01-01

    There have been very few studies that apply the work of Mikhail Bakhtin and Norbert Elias to understand the underlying learning processes of young children. This article will explore the methodological similarities between Bakhtin's ideas about the carnivalesque and Norbert Elias's theory of established-outsider relations to explain how young…

  19. Bakhtin and Freire: Dialogue, Dialectic and Boundary Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rule, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Dialogue is a seminal concept within the work of the Brazilian adult education theorist, Paulo Freire, and the Russian literary critic and philosopher, Mikhail Bakhtin. While there are commonalities in their understanding of dialogue, they differ in their treatment of dialectic. This paper addresses commonalities and dissonances within a…

  20. Gravity theory in SAP-geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Youssef, Nabil L; Taha, Ebtsam H

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present paper is to construct a field theory in the context of absolute parallelism (Teleparallel) geometry under the assumption that the canonical connection is semi-symmetric. The field equations are formulated using a suitable Lagrangian first proposed by Mikhail and Wanas. The mathematical and physical consequences arising from the obtained field equations are investigated.

  1. S.O.S. (Save Our Students)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Chandra R.

    2009-01-01

    Gina Smallwood always worried about whether her teenage son was wearing a seatbelt or having unprotected sex, but she was certainly never concerned about whether he was at high risk for depression. After all, Kelvin Mikhail Smallwood-Jones was a dean's list student with a 4.0 grade point average on a full academic scholarship to one of the most…

  2. Beyond Member-Checking: A Dialogic Approach to the Research Interview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, Lou

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a dialogic qualitative interview design for a narrative study of six international UK university students' motivation for learning English. Based on the work of Mikhail Bakhtin, this design was developed in order to address the limitations of member-checking [Lincoln, Y. S., and E. G. Guba. 1985. "Naturalistic…

  3. Kuus TÜ teadlast sai riigi teaduspreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Eest Vabariigi aastapäeval pälvisid preemia täppisteaduste alal prof. Mikhail Brik, keemia ja molekulaarbioloogia alal prof. Jaanus Remme, arstiteaduse vallas prof-d Jaan Eha ning Mihkel Zilmer, geo- ja bioteaduste alal vanemteadur Peeter Hõrak, humanitaarteaduste alal vanemteadur Andres Tvauri

  4. Hydration of Acetylene: A 125th Anniversary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponomarev, Dmitry A.; Shevchenko, Sergey M.

    2007-01-01

    The year 2006 is the 125th anniversary of a chemical reaction, the discovery of which by Mikhail Kucherov had a profound effect on the development of industrial chemistry in the 19-20th centuries. This was the hydration of alkynes catalyzed by mercury ions that made possible industrial production of acetaldehyde from acetylene. Historical…

  5. Embracing the Abject Other: The Carnival Imagery of "Harry Potter"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Jordana

    2011-01-01

    In "Rabelais and His World" Mikhail Bakhtin traces the history of laughter and the specific impact of Francois Rabelais upon that history, but more important it is the most definitive example of the carnivalesque available to Western scholars to date. By carnivalesque he refers to the traditional language and spectacle associated with folk culture…

  6. Embracing the Abject Other: The Carnival Imagery of "Harry Potter"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Jordana

    2011-01-01

    In "Rabelais and His World" Mikhail Bakhtin traces the history of laughter and the specific impact of Francois Rabelais upon that history, but more important it is the most definitive example of the carnivalesque available to Western scholars to date. By carnivalesque he refers to the traditional language and spectacle associated with folk culture…

  7. Talking and Learning in Classrooms: An Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Douglas

    1995-01-01

    Suggests that the kinds of participation in the classroom conversation that are supported and encouraged by a teacher signals to students what learning is required of them. Introduces the articles in this special issue by discussing the ideas of Jerome Bruner, Lev Vygotsky, James Britton, and Mikhail Bakhtin. (RS)

  8. Layers of Discourse in Preschool Block Play: An Examination of Children's Social Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Lynn E.

    2015-01-01

    Mikhail Bakhtin's philosophical orientation concerning dialogism offers a challenge to contemporary play theory. This study demonstrates the benefits of a Bakhtinian analysis of double voicing in early childhood programs. Bakhtin's notion of dialogism, specifically Bakhtin's ideas on genre and utterance, has received less attention in the analysis…

  9. Išlaidų viešojoje įstaigoje apskaitos modelis

    OpenAIRE

    Jefimovas, Egidijus

    2014-01-01

    SANTRAUKA Pagal Lietuvos Respublikos viešųjų įstaigų įstatymą (2004) viešoji įstaiga − tai pelno nesiekiantis ribotos civilinės atsakomybės viešasis juridinis asmuo, kurio tikslas − tenkinti viešuosius interesus vykdant visuomenei naudingą veiklą. Kad sėkmingai vykdyti veiklą, reikia materialinių ir finansinių išteklių. Išlaidų apskaita įgalina rasti būdų taupiai naudoti išteklius. Todėl tyrimai šioje srityje yra aktualūs. Magistro darbas susideda iš keturių dalių: problemos analizės, teorini...

  10. Dostoiévski e Bakhtin: a filosofia da composição e a composição da filosofia / Dostoevsky and Bakhtin: the philosophy of composition and the composition of philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Vianney Cavalcanti Nuto

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Este trabalho procura demonstrar as afinidades existentes entre a obra de Dostoiévski e a filosofia de Mikhail Bakhtin. Por meio de uma análise comparativa, conclui-se que a polifonia, característica fundamental do romance de Dostoiévski segundo Bakhtin,realiza-se como uma síntese artística de conceitos filosóficos como singularidade, responsabilidade, inacabamento e dialogismo. ABSTRACT:This paper seeks to demonstrate the affinities existing between Dostoevsky’s literary achievement and Mikhail Bakhtin’s philosophical one. Through a comparative analysis it concludes that the polyphony, the fundamental characteristics Dostoevsky’s novels according to Bakhtin is as an artistic synthesis of philosophical concepts such asuniqueness, responsibility, incompleteness and dialogism.

  11. Enunciação, dialogismo, intersubjetividade: um estudo sobre Bakhtin e Benveniste/ Enunciation, Dialogism, Intersubjectivity: a study about Bakhtin and Benveniste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir do Nascimento Flores

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Este texto propõe uma discussão de natureza epistemológica acerca de duas perspectivas de análise da linguagem: as teorias enunciativas de Mikhail Bakhtin e de Émile Benveniste. Busca-se ver como cada um dos autores formula o princípio fundador de suas teorias para, em seguida, verificar o que os singulariza teoricamente. ABSTRACT: This text intends to propose an epistemological nature discussion about two perspectives of language analysis: Mikhail Bakhtin's enunciation theory and Émile Benveniste's enunciation theory. The aim is to check how each of these authors formulates the generator principle of their theories in order to, afterwards, verify what unifies their theories.

  12. Диалог с абсурдом. Заметки о драматургии Михаила Волохова

    OpenAIRE

    Mięsowska, Lidia

    2014-01-01

    The article presents an attempt to describe the oeuvre of the Russian and French playwright and theatre theoretician Mikhail Volokhov in the context of his relation to the Russian theatre of the absurd of the 1920s as well as to the 1950s western model of theatre of the absurd, represented by Samuel Beckett and Eugène Ionesco. The author also discusses Volokhov’s dramatic works in reference to the philosophy of existentialism.

  13. Revolutions in Russian Military Thought: Implications for U.S.-Russian Defense Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-18

    Soviet military thought was characterized by a considerable amount of pragmatism and spirited debate. 7 Leon Trotsky initially played the role of the...Magician as he vigorously argued for the preservation of the people’s militia system created by him during the Civil War. According to Trotsky , the system...dispute was Mikhail Frunze who eventually replaced Trotsky as Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs in 1925. Frunze believed that, for reasons of

  14. Characterizations of some bivariate models using reciprocal coordinate subtangents

    OpenAIRE

    Sreenarayanapurath Madhavan Sunoj; Sreejith Thoppil Bhargavan; Jorge Navarro

    2014-01-01

    In the present paper, we consider the bivariate version of reciprocal coordinate subtangent (RCST) and study its usefulness in characterizing some important bivariate models.  In particular, characterization results are proved for a general bivariate model whose conditional distributions are proportional hazard rate models (see Navarro and Sarabia, 2011), Sarmanov family and Ali-Mikhail-Haq family of bivariate distributions.  We also study the relationship between local dependence function an...

  15. Historical landmarks and second cruises researches AS UkSSR (NAS UKRAINE) in the tropical Atlantic and its implications for further development the oceans and seas geology in Ukraine

    OpenAIRE

    Polovka S.N.

    2014-01-01

    The article is devoted to the I-th Ukrainian SSR researchers (NAS) sea expedition (XII flight VAT «Mikhail Lomonosov») in the tropical Atlantic. Briefly describe the development of marine geology at different periods of its existence: in the days of the USSR and Ukraine. Made a historic section of the development of scientific areas and schools, geological dynasties, the development of hardware and methods, improving the methods of research in the sea, providing swimming facilities maritime e...

  16. "I done something wrong" : En karnevalteoretisk analys av gränsöverskridande i A Good Man is Hard to Find, A Curtain of Green och Trash 

    OpenAIRE

    Jonsson, Frida

    2016-01-01

    This study seeks to question old and common misconceptions concerning the american literary genre Southern Gothic. By using the carnival theory, the theory about the "grotesque" by Mikhail Bakhtin, this study seeks to explain and reach a better understanding of some works defined as Southern Gothic - so called because of the significance that is attributed in the genre to the geographical location in the southern United states. This study analyzes carnivalesque transgression in short story co...

  17. JPRS Report, West Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    was no tabula rasa politically. He had worked with EEC Commissioners Sicco Mansholt and Henri Simonet, had represented the Young Socialists in the...OF GERMANY Civil-Military Facilitator Role Proposed for Territorial Army (Hans-Lothar Stegmann; TRUPPENPRAXIS, Mar 87) 80 FRANCE GIAT Problems...supportable. The attitude that Mikhail Gorbachev represents the same type of evil helps them to formulate a specific West German role in the Western world

  18. Shaping China’s Future in World Affairs: The U.S. Role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    political chord in China and among Third World countries deemed important to China. In the mid-1980s, with the rise to power of Mikhail Gorbachev and his...As part of its more relaxed stance regarding Soviet policy in Asia, Beijing muted or reversed past vocal support for greater Japanese defense efforts...culturally they appear to be not nearly as influential as the United States. In recent years, advocates of this third tendency have been most vocal

  19. Dialogism and Syncretism: (ReDefinitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Gatti

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This work seeks an adequate definition of syncretism within the theoretical context suggested by dialogism. One of the issues examined here is the usual description of syncretism as a possible dialectical operation. This discussion also points to the use of syncretism in the analysis of cultural practices. In order to do that, it refers to the work of Mikhail Bakhtin as well as the writings by researchers of his oeuvre.

  20. NAMRU-3 Reprint Accession List 1981. Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    Hepatology, ](6):653-661, 1981. 1273 BASSILY, S., KILPATRICK, M.E., FARID, Z., MIKHAIL, I.A. and El MASRY, N.A.: Chronic Salmonella Bacteriuria with...BACTERIOLOGY Bacterial Meningitis 1265 feningococci 1243 Salmonella bacteriuria 1273 *Salmonella paratyphi A 1255 *Salmomella typhi 1261 BIOCHEMI STRY...1259 Salmonella Bacteriuria Treated with Amoxicillin or Ampicillln 1273 Treatment of Schistosomiasis mansoni with Oxamniquine 1269 Urinay

  1. JPRS Report, East Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Products [Ovidiu Rujan; REVISTA ECONOMICA, 11 Dec 87] 55 YUGOSLAVIA Inherent Inflationary Pressures Described 57 JPRS-EER-88-026 30 March 1988...34 (Footnote 2) (Mikhail Gorbachev: "Se- lected Writings," Editura Politica , Bucharest, 1987, p235) An argument constantly repeated by proponents of "de...Society," Vol 28, Edi- tura Politica , Bucharest, 1985, p 84) It is also necessary to renounce as outdated the concepts that view war as inevitable

  2. Cavitation Erosion of Electro Spark Deposited Nitinol vs. Stellite Alloy on Stainless Steel Substrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-15

    EROSION OF ELECTRO SPARK DEPOSITED NITINOL VS. STELLITE® ALLOY ON STAINLESS STEEL SUBSTRATE Theresa A. Hoffard Lean-Miguel San Pedro Mikhail...SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER CAVITATION EROSION TESTING OF ELECTRO SPARK DEPOSITED NITINOL VS STELLITE® ALLOY ON STAINLESS STEEL SUBTRATE 5b. GRANT...of combining Nitinol (NiTi) superelastic metal alloy with ElectroSpark Deposition (ESD) technology to increase the cavitation erosion resistance of

  3. Engineering of ultra-small diagnostic nanoprobes through oriented conjugation of single-domain antibodies and quantum dots

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Alyona Sukhanova, Klervi Even-Desrumeaux, Patrick Chames, Daniel Baty, Mikhail Artemyev, Vladimir Oleinikov & Igor Nabiev ### Abstract Nanoparticle-based biodetection commonly employs monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) for targeting. Although several types of conjugates have been used for biomarker labeling, the large size of mAbs limits the number of ligands per nanoparticle, impedes their intratumoral distribution, and limits intracellular penetration. Furthermore, the condi...

  4. Members of the ALICE collaboration greet the arrival of the experiment's first 500 lead tungstate crystals

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    L. to r: Vladislav Manko (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, PHOS project leader), Arne Klovning (University of Bergen, PHOS technical coordinator), Vyacheslav Demanov (VNIIEF, Sarov), Bjorn Pommeresche (University of Bergen), Hans de Groot (CERN, ALICE resource coordinator), Dimitri Alexandrov (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow), Mikhail Ippolitov (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow), Yuri Vinogradov (VNIIEF, Sarov), Chris Fabjan (CERN, ALICE technical coordinator), Yuri Sibiriak (Kurchatov Institute, Moscow), Sergei Sadovsky (IHEP, Protvino), Jurgen Schukraft (CERN, ALICE spokesperson).

  5. Engineering of ultra-small diagnostic nanoprobes through oriented conjugation of single-domain antibodies and quantum dots

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Alyona Sukhanova, Klervi Even-Desrumeaux, Patrick Chames, Daniel Baty, Mikhail Artemyev, Vladimir Oleinikov & Igor Nabiev ### Abstract Nanoparticle-based biodetection commonly employs monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) for targeting. Although several types of conjugates have been used for biomarker labeling, the large size of mAbs limits the number of ligands per nanoparticle, impedes their intratumoral distribution, and limits intracellular penetration. Furthermore, the condi...

  6. The Bear Went Through the Mountain: Russia Appraises its Five-Day War in South Ossetia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    and aviation improvements. All Duma members were not as 37 ITAR-TASS, 1050 GMT, 13 August 2008, as translated and downloaded from the Open Source...and equipment in Georgia. 40 Mikhail Vinogradov, ‘The State Duma Criticized the Failures of the Military’, Nevskoye Vremya, 11 September 2008, as...devoted to strip clubs and porno at the expense of real news. Blogger “borko” had a spate with reporters in the conflict zone, noting that Russian

  7. Bakhtin and The Social: Towards Dialogic Heteroglossic Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Sisto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the work of Mikhail Bakhtin, an author who has become referent for contemporary social science. Here we review some of its most important conceptual proposals such as the notions of utterance, dialogue, responsiveness, and heteroglossia discourse genres, as part of a theory centered on the activity. From this review we discuss some effects that these concepts have to consider the subject and the social as objects of theory and research in social sciences.

  8. Palavras, sons e imagens em cartaz: aspectos de intermidialidade no romance Benjamin, de Chico Buarque, e na adaptação cinematográfica de Monique Gardenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Cristina Barros

    2006-12-01

    presentes e relacionadas intimamente entre si, dentro do filme. A combinação e a fusão dessas relações intertextuais e intermidiáticos, no romance e na adaptação, remetem-nos ao conceito de transtextualidade – desenvolvido por Gérard Genette a partir dos termos “dialogismo”, de Mikhail Bakhtin, e “intertextualidade”, de Julia Kristeva, e apropriado pelo crítico de cinema Robert Stam.

  9. Ontological assumptions in techno-anthropological explorations of online dialogue through information systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Otrel-Cass, Kathrin; Andrule, Kristine

    2015-01-01

    that focus on understanding the kind of dialogue that can be captured between different expert groups when they utilize information systems. We present the notion of ‘dialogic’ by Mikhail Bakhtin and contextualize it through an analysis of online dialogue. Dialogic or ‘conversation and inquiry’ is discussed...... as being mediated through human relationships. Acknowledging the existence of at least two voices the underlying differences between dialogue partners are highlighted....

  10. Tolerance for uncertainty in elderly people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KHRYSTYNA KACHMARYK

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study. The aim of the paper is a comparison of tolerance to uncertainty in two groups of elderly: the students of the University of the Third Age (UTA and older people who are not enrolled but help to educate grandchildren. A relation to uncertainty was shown to influence on decision making strategy of elderly that indicates on importance of the researches. Methods. To obtain the objectives of the paper the following methods were used: 1 Personal change readiness survey (PCRS adapted by Nickolay Bazhanov and Galina Bardiyer; 2 Tolerance Ambiguity Scale (TAS adapted by Galina Soldatova; 3 Freiburg personality inventory (FPI and 4 The questionnaire of self-relation by Vladimir Stolin and Sergej Panteleev. 40 socially involved elderly people were investigated according the above methods, 20 from UTA and 20 who are not studied and served as control group. Results. It was shown that relations of tolerance to uncertainty in the study group of students of the University of the Third Age substantially differ from relations of tolerance to uncertainty in group of older people who do not learn. The majority of students of the University of the Third Age have an inherent low tolerance for uncertainty, which is associated with an increase in expression personality traits and characteristics in self-relation. The group of the elderly who are not enrolled increasingly shows tolerance of uncertainty, focusing on the social and trusting relationship to meet the needs of communication, and the ability to manage their own emotions and desires than a group of Third Age university students. Conclusions. The results of experimental research of the third age university student’s peculiarities of the tolerance to uncertainty were outlined. It was found that decision making in the ambiguity situations concerning social interaction is well developed in elderly who do not study. The students of the University of Third Age have greater needs in

  11. Les abîmes de la réprésentation: ironie et métalangage dans «La Farce de Maistre Pierre Pathelin»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matosalém Vilarino Pereira Júnior

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este artigo procura fazer uma leitura metalingüística da peça medieval anônima La Farce de Maistre Pierre Patherlin enquanto uma obra que representa, através da técnica da mise en abîme, a necessidade da arte de representar a si mesma e a de desierarquizar a história. Para tanto, as análises que aqui são feitas constituem uma espécie de eco dos pensamentos de Aristóteles sobre a distinção entre historicidade e verossimilhança e de Mikhail Bakhtin sobre a paródia.Palavras-chave: Literatura francesa; La Farce de Maistre Pierre Patherlin; Aristóteles; historicidade;  verossimilhança; Mikhail Bakhtin; paródia.Résumé: Cet article cherche à faire une lecture métalinguistique de la pièce médiévale et anonyme La Farce de Maistre Pierrre Pathelin en tant qu’une oeuvre qui représente, par la mise en abîme, l’enviede l’art de se représenter en lui-même et celle de déhiérarchiser l’histoire. Pour ce faire, les analyses qui sont faites à propôs de ce sujet ne sont que l’écho des pensées d’Aristote sur la distinction entre historicité et vraisemblance et Mikhaïl Bakhtine sur la parodie.Mots-clés: Littérature française; La Farce de Maistre Pierre Patherlin; Aristote; historicité;  vraisemblance; Mikhaïl Bakhtine; parodie.Keywords: French literature; La Farce de Maistre Pierre Patherlin; Aristotle; historicity;  likelihood; Mikhail Bakhtin; parody.

  12. Bakunin i Feuerbach o naturalizmie

    OpenAIRE

    McLaughlin, Paul

    2016-01-01

    P. McLaughlin, „Bakunin and Feuerbach: On Naturalism”, [w:] P. McLaughlin, Mikhail Bakunin: The Philosophical Basis of His Anarchism, Algora Publishing, New York 2002, rozdz. 2.18, s. 197–206. Za zgodą Autora i Wydawnictwa z języka angielskiego przełożyli: Ewelina Topolska i Dariusz Sagan. In the article, Feuerbach’s naturalism is analyzed and compared with Bakunin’s thought. Unlike Bakunin, Feuerbach suggests a distinction between the natural and the human. He excludes huma...

  13. The fascinating germ theories on cancer pathogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsoucalas, G; Laios, K; Karamanou, M; Gennimata, V; Androutsos, G

    2014-01-01

    For more than 100 years, the germ theory of cancer, proposing that microorganisms were at the origin of the disease, dominated medicine. Several eminent scientists like Etienne Burnet, Mikhail Stepanovich Voronin, Charles-Louis Malassez, and Francis-Peyton Rous argued on the pathogenesis presenting their theories that implicated cocci, fungi and parasites. The impact of these theories was culminated by the Nobel Prize in 1926 that was attributed to the Danish scientist Johannes Fibiger for his work on the nematode Spiroptera as a causative agent in cancer. Even if those theories were the result of fantasy and misinterpretation, they paved the way for the scientific research in oncology.

  14. As contribuições do dialogismo de Bakhtin e do signo em Umberto Eco para o ensino de língua estrangeira

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Regina Silva; Antonio Francisco Magnoni

    2015-01-01

    O presente artigo discute o dialogismo em Mikhail Bakhtin e a fundamentação do signo linguístico em Umberto Eco, com a intenção de utilizar os referidos temas e autores, para subsidiar as metodologias de ensino-aprendizado de língua estrangeira (inglês e espanhol) na rede de ensino público paulista. A abordagem conceitual dos dois autores nos permite inferir que o aprendizado de uma língua estrangeira é efetivado pela apropriação de enunciados e de conhecimento cultural, uma concepção pedagóg...

  15. Os Malavoglia: o narrador e sua criação

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Este ensaio propõe a obra Os Malavoglia (1881), de Giovanni Verga, como um romance-tese do Verismo, a partir do estudo de suas instâncias narrativas e da análise de seus principais procedimentos compositivos, à luz das teorias de Mikhail Bakhtin, Iúri Tyniánov, Erich Auerbach, Eleazar Meletínski e outros. This essay proposes Os Malavoglia (1881), of Giovanni Verga, as roman à thèse of the Verismo, from the study of his narrative´s instances and the analysis of his main compositi...

  16. TRADITION, PERMANENCY AND SUBVERSION OF CONCEPTS IN LANGUAGE STUDIES

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    Beth Brait

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper’s aims at showing how, in the XX century, the concept of dialogue starts to be integrated to language studies, gaining consistency and diversity in different trends.  Amid the wealth contribution brought by this concept, we highlight here the works of Emile Benveniste, Lev Jakubinskij, Valentin Voloshinov and Mikhail Bakhtin. Besides the theoretical route, an example of the book cover titled Retrato calado (Silent Portrait, written by Luiz Roberto Salinas Fortes, impels dialogue, in the XXI century, as a way to address, by its verbal-visuality, aesthetic and ideological forces in tension

  17. Controlling Atomic, Solid-State and Hybrid Systems for Quantum Information Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    photon level (Chang et al., 2007) remains a challenge. Here we theoretically analyze a cavity QED version ( Grangier et al., 1998; Imamoglu et al., 1997... Grangier et al., 1998) on the signal transition (η 1). 76 94 95 Chapter 5: All-Optical Switch and Transistor Gated by One Photon A B Gate (Free...Fleischhauer, T. Pohl, and Mikhail D. Lukin. Phys. Rev. Lett., 107:133602, 2011. P. Grangier , D. F. Walls, and K. M. Gheri. Phys. Rev. Lett., 81:2833, 1998

  18. Part Twelve: The Voyages of John Matthias

    OpenAIRE

    Printz-Påhlson, Göran

    2013-01-01

    In August 1974, when the Watergate scandal was moving into its last phase, the American poet John Matthias returned to his home, in South Bend, Indiana, after a year’s stay in England, traveling on the Polish ocean-liner Stefan Bathory. In June of 1976 he set out to sea again, this time on a Russian ship, the Mikhail Lermontov, in order to spend another year in England, as a Visiting Fellow in Poetry in Clare Hall, Cambridge. The voyages took approximately nine days each, and on both ships he...

  19. As molduras de Belle de jour

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    Sandra Fischer

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a study of the film Belle de jour, by Luis Buñuel, based on the text “Sobre a poética da carnaval ização em Luis Buñuel” by Eduardo Peñuela Cañizal, on Mikhail Bakhtin’s theoretical conception about carnival, on Gaston Bachelard’s ideas about the oneiric, on Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis and on the notion of the frame structure sustained by Groupe p.

  20. DIALOGISM, DECODING AND INTERACTIVE DIGITAL MARKETING CONCERNING THE BODILY PRACTICES IN THE ON-LINE VIDEO OLYMPIKUS.MOV FESTIVAL

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    Marcos Roberto Godoi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to understand the meanings associated bodily practices in the videos of the festival OLYMPIKUS.MOV, and also analyze the reception/interaction Internet users on these videos. The methodology consisted the description of the videos, the selection of comments and further analysis based on the notion of dialogic language of Mikhail Bakhtin and the types of decoding Stuart Hall. We concluded that there was a large range of bodily practices and meanings related to them in the videos. Reception/interaction Internet provides a critical dialogue, congratulation, and suggestive questioning on the videos.

  1. The flight and the downfall of the demon: creativity and illness in Vrubel's life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerner, Vladimir; Wiztum, Eliezer

    2003-08-01

    The life of Mikhail Vrubel (1856-1910), the Russian painter, combined remarkable artistic accomplishments with severe psychopathology. We have attempted to examine the influence of the changes in the artist's emotional state on the creative process. The contradictions that abound in the descriptions of Vrubel's character and conduct should, in all likelihood, be attributed not only to the complexity of his personality but also to the effect of psychopathology on his behaviour. We believe that Vrubel suffered from mood disorder, complicated by syphilis.

  2. Bakhtin's philosophy and medical practice--toward a semiotic theory of doctor-patient interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puustinen, R

    1999-01-01

    Doctor-patient interaction has gained increasing attention among sociologists and linguists during the last few decades. The problem with the studies performed so far, however, has been a lack of a theoretical framework which could bring together the various phenomena observed within medical consultations. Mikhail Bakhtin's philosophy of language offers us tools for studying medical practice as socio-cultural semiotic phenomenon. Applying Bakhtin's ideas of polyphonic, context-dependent and open-ended nature of human communication opens the possibilities to develop prevailing theoretical and empirical approaches to the study of medical consultations.

  3. O meme como linguagem da internet : uma perspectiva semiótica

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Esta dissertação intenciona investigar o meme da internet, um fenômeno cultural que se estabeleceu na rede como uma forma de comunicação, baseada na recriação excessiva, coletiva e paródica de imagens, textos verbais, vídeos, entre outros, que se espalham de forma viral. A partir de uma perspectiva semiótica, na leitura de Charles S. Peirce, Iuri Lotman, Mikhail Bakhtin e Ludwig Wittgenstein, o trabalho procura compreender o fenômeno como uma linguagem da internet. Mais que um suporte físico ...

  4. Russian whistleblower faces jail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hippel, F. von (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States))

    1993-03-01

    A new binary nerve gas, more potent than its U.S. counterpart, VX, has been developed by the Moscow Reserach Institute of Organic Chemistry, according to an article that appeared in the September 20, 1992 issue of the weekly Moscow News. A Poison Policy, written by Vil Mirzayanov and Lev Fedorov, claims that after successful open air tests in Uxbekistan, Mikhail Gorbachev personally awarded secret Lenin Prizes in April 1991 to the Institute's director, Victor Petrunin, and to the deputy chief of the army's chemical corps, Gen. Anatoly Kuntsevich.

  5. Experimental Reconstruction of Lomonosov's Discovery of Venus's Atmosphere with Antique Refractors During the 2012 Transit of Venus

    CERN Document Server

    Koukarine, Alexandre; Petrunin, Yuri; Shiltsev, Vladimir

    2012-01-01

    In 1761, the Russian polymath Mikhail Vasilievich Lomonosov (1711-1765) discovered the atmosphere of Venus during its transit over the Sun's disc. In this paper we report on experimental reenactments of Lomonosov's discovery with antique refractors during the transit of Venus June 5-6, 2012. We conclude that Lomonosov's telescope was fully adequate to the task of detecting the arc of light around Venus off the Sun's disc during ingress or egress if proper experimental techniques as described by Lomonosov in his 1761 report are employed.

  6. Slavery and captivity in Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca's 1542 La Relación

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Ramón

    2016-01-01

    Based on Cabeza de Vaca’s La Relación 1542 manuscript, this paper analyzes how, during his castaway period, his discourse constructs the nature of his captivity in contrast to that of the African slave. By utilizing Mikhail Bakhtin’s concept of the superaddressee—who in a dialogue subordinates all to its contextual definition—this paper reveals how Cabeza de Vaca’s narrative interprets his slave category in contrast to that of Africans. Basado en el manuscrito de Cabeza de Vaca, La Relació...

  7. Caminhar, encontrar e celebrar: o riso e a arte bufa no projeto pedagógico de Carlos Roberto Petrovich

    OpenAIRE

    Ferraz, Ana Rita Queiroz

    2006-01-01

    Pesquisa teórica, de cunho filosófico-educacional, discute o projeto pedagógico do professor Carlos Roberto Petrovich (1936-2005) e suas possíveis ressonâncias com o riso e a arte bufa de François Rabelais, estudado por Mikhail Bakhtin. Petrovich foi aluno da primeira turma da Escola de Teatro da Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), e tornou-se depois professor. Nos anos imediatamente anteriores à sua morte, foi suspenso Ogan de Ogum, Terreiro Ilê Axé Opô Afonjá, Salvador-Bahia. Como não há ...

  8. The experiments of composers of the Russian avant-garde epoch in the field of arts synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaytseva Marina

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article scientifically substantiates the features of avant-garde art that is aimed at finding synesthesian community of art languages and aesthetic transformation of reality. It identifies the main features of the Russian avant-garde composers Mikhail Matyushin’s and Alexander Mosolov’s experimental creativity. It is proved that the dominant feature of their work is the creation of a new model of art that brings together all types of human exposure and returns the fullness of perception and cognition.

  9. Studies of the Belukha glacier plexus in the context of global glacio-climatic monitoring (on the 100th anniversary of the first ascent of the Belukha Mountain)

    OpenAIRE

    V. S. Revyakin

    2014-01-01

    The Belukha Mountain is the highest peak of the Altai. On July 26 (7th August in the new time scale) of 1914 the brothers Boris and Mikhail Tronov discovered the mountain and were the first people to climb it. The Tronov Glacier is named after them. The Belukha glacier plexus is now subject to intensive degradation caused by current climate warming. There are changes in the processes of ice-forming, the temperature regime, and the stratigraphic characteristics. The mountain slope processes ha...

  10. Tradução de literatura infanto-juvenil para língua de sinais: dialogia e polifonia em questão

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    Neiva de Aquino Albres

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi a criação de critérios para procedimentos de tradução de literatura infanto-juvenil do Português para a Libras. Para isso, neste artigo, recorremos aos conceitos de dialogia e polifonia de Mikhail Bakhtin. Mediante uma pesquisa de natureza analítico-descritiva, foi possível verificar que o intérprete não traduz apenas o texto, mas é intensamente motivado pelas ilustrações do livro, pelo gênero discursivo e pelo público-alvo potencial do material.

  11. O romance 'Homens e caranguejos' de Josué Castro: A contemporaneidade no tempo narrativo da memória

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Azevedo Sá de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A trama de Homens e caranguejos (1967, escrita por Josué de Castro, atravessa a fluída dimensão do tempo, acoplando-a às transformações gestadas nos elementos telúricos da vida textualizada, tal qual manifesta Mikhail Bakhtin sob a categoria do cronotopo. No curso da lama e das rememorações distantes nos espaços e tempos deixados para trás, vincula-se o devir temporal como um dos elementos-chave para sua mediação interpretativa.

  12. Stein Manifolds and Holomorphic Mappings

    CERN Document Server

    Forstneric, Franc

    2011-01-01

    The main theme of this book is the homotopy principle for holomorphic mappings from Stein manifolds to the newly introduced class of Oka manifolds. This book contains the first complete account of Oka-Grauert theory and its modern extensions, initiated by Mikhail Gromov and developed in the last decade by the author and his collaborators. Included is the first systematic presentation of the theory of holomorphic automorphisms of complex Euclidean spaces, a survey on Stein neighborhoods, connections between the geometry of Stein surfaces and Seiberg-Witten theory, and a wide variety of applicat

  13. Engleskrift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundager Jensen, Hans Jørgen; Nielsen, Erik A.; de Mylius, Johan

    Blake, Else-Lasker-Schüler, Rainer Maria Rilke, Angela Sommer-Bodenburg, Mikhail Bulgakov, Miguel Angel Asturias og Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Antologien indledes med en indføring i engle i bl.a. Det Gamle og Ny Testamente og slutter med en udvalgt bibliografi over litteratur om engle. Indholdsfortegnelse...... Friedrichsen: Ekspressionismens ekstatiske engle : om englen som metafor hos Else Lasker-Schüler og Edith Södergran. Karin Wolgast: Sig tingene til englen : om englene i Rainer Maria Rilkes Duineser Elegien. Martin Zerlang: Den litterære engel : mellem himmel og jord med Miguel Angel Asturias og Gabriel García...

  14. Characterizations of some bivariate models using reciprocal coordinate subtangents

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    Sreenarayanapurath Madhavan Sunoj

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper, we consider the bivariate version of reciprocal coordinate subtangent (RCST and study its usefulness in characterizing some important bivariate models.  In particular, characterization results are proved for a general bivariate model whose conditional distributions are proportional hazard rate models (see Navarro and Sarabia, 2011, Sarmanov family and Ali-Mikhail-Haq family of bivariate distributions.  We also study the relationship between local dependence function and reciprocal subtangent and a characterization result is proved for a bivariate model proposed by Jones (1998.  Further, the concept of reciprocal coordinate subtangent is extended to conditionally specified models.

  15. lntertextualidade iconográfica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Franco

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This article has for purpose to observe the relationship iconographic intertextual through Joel-Peter Witkin's picture. In the dynamics of the cultural processes, the etymologies iconographics, when noticed in a process of visual communication, they are producing of connoted senses and, besides, expressive artífices that can play a relevant part in the composition o f a photographic text. Starting from the beginning dialogic presented by Mikhail Bakhtin and enlarged for intertextuality by Julia Kristeva, among other, it is possible to notice the etymological relationship and the production of senses connoted in the images of Witk:in.

  16. Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prozorova GF

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Galina F Prozorova,1 Alexsandr S Pozdnyakov,1 Nadezhda P Kuznetsova,1 Svetlana A Korzhova,1 Artem I Emel'yanov,1 Tamara G Ermakova,1 Tat'yana V Fadeeva,2 Larisa M Sosedova31AE Favorsky Irkutsk Institute of Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, 2Scientific Center of Reconstructive and Restorative Surgery Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Medicinal Sciences, Irkutsk, 3Institute of Occupational Health and Human Ecology, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Medicinal Sciences, Angarsk, RussiaAbstract: New water-soluble nontoxic nanocomposites of nanosized silver particles in a polymer matrix were synthesized by a green chemistry method. Nontoxic poly(1-vinyl-1,2,4-triazole was used as a stabilizing precursor agent in aqueous medium. Glucose and dimethyl sulfoxide were used as the silver ion-reducing agents to yield silver nanoparticles 2–26 nm and 2–8 nm in size, respectively. The nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption, and thermogravimetric data analysis. The nanocomposites showed strong antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.Keywords: silver nanoparticles, poly(1-vinyl-1,2,4-triazole, glucose, dimethyl sulfoxide, green synthesis

  17. Optimal time of soybean seed priming and primer effect under salt stress conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miladinov Zlatica J.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine optimal time of soybean seed priming and effect of primers under salt stress conditions. Testing was performed at the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, on Galina seed variety. Optimal priming time was determined by immersing seed into: KNO3 (1%, H2O2 (0.1%, and H2O with the duration of 6 h, 12 h, 18 h, and 24 h. After drying until the initial moisture, the seed was placed for germination and after eight days germination was determined. In the second part of the experiment, the seed was immersed into: KNO3 (1%, H2O2 (0,1%, and H2O after which their effect on germination energy and seed germination under simulated salinity conditions was examined. Simulated salinity conditions represented substrate for germination to which NaCl in different concentrations was added (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 mM. Results of the research showed that the six-hour priming of seed was the best with all primers. The percentage of seed germination linearly reduced with the increase of priming time. The research has shown that seed priming represents a favorable technique for the reduction of a negative effect of NaCl on germination energy and soybean seed germination, and the best effect is accomplished with the use of KNO3.

  18. El español de América a la luz de sus contactos con el mundo indígena y el europeo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Parodi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEn este trabajo, proponemos un modelo de análisis del español americano centrado en su contacto con otros idiomas y culturas que coexistieron en el llamado “Nuevo Mundo”. Para la elaboración de este modelo nos centramos en elementos sociolingüísticos y semióticos, en especial el dialogismo de Mikhail Bakhtin y sus conceptos de utterance, cronotopo y alteridad.Palabras clave: contacto lingüístico, dialogismo, indianización, teoría de la alteridad AbstractIn this article we propose a model to analyze the spanish language and culture in the Americas that focuses on language and cultural contact as they coexisted in the New World since earlier times. We design this model taking into consideration sociolinguistic elements and the semiotic theory of Mikhail Bakhtin’s dialogism and its key concepts of utterance, chronotope and alterity.Keywords: linguistic contact, dialogism, indianization, alterity

  19. O, 5 mm: a nova edição brasileira de Problemas da poética de Dostoiévski/0.5 mm: The New Brazilian Edition of Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Pucci Penteado de Faria e Silva

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Neste artigo, retomo brevemente a história da recepção de Problemas da poética de Dostoiévski, de Mikhail Bakhtin, no Brasil, estabelecendo alguns paralelos com aspectos da recepção da obra na Itália, na França e nos Estados Unidos, para, então, descrever os acréscimos da nova edição brasileira e analisar, considerando a relevância da obra para os estudos da linguagem, algumas modificações efetuadas pelo tradutor Paulo Bezerra na quarta edição da obra, lançada em 2008. ABSTRACT: In this article I briefly review the history of the Brazilian reception of Mikhail Bakhtin’s Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics, establishing a few parallels with aspects of this work’s reception in Italy, France, and the United States in order to describe the additions made to the new Brazilian edition and, considering the relevance of this work to Language Studies, analyze some changes proposed by translator Paulo Bezerra in its

  20. The dis-membered body: bodily fragmentation as a metaphor for political renewal O corpo dis-membrado: fragmentação corporal como metáfora para renovação política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rainer Guldin

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the theme of bodily fragmentation has received much attention in academic studies in Europe. The body and its parts have come to be viewed as text, trope, or metaphor, allowing one to think of the social systems. Based on contemporary reflections dealing with the body as text or discourse, including Mikhail Bakhtin, Stefanie Wenner, and Jacques Lacan, the current article revisits Empedocles and Plutarch to discuss particularly the anthropological and philosophical aspects of the concepts that have been constructed concerning the body.Nos últimos anos o tema da fragmentação do corpo tem recebido muita atenção dos estudos acadêmicos na Europa. Passa-se a ver o corpo e suas partes como texto, tropo ou metáfora que permitem pensar os sistemas sociais. A partir das reflexões contemporâneas que tratam o corpo como um texto ou um discurso, passando por Mikhail Bakhtin, Stefanie Wenner e Jacques Lacan, o presente artigo retorna a Empedocles e Plutarco para discutir os aspectos antropológicos e filosóficos, principalmente, das concepções que se vêm construindo sobre o corpo.

  1. The Bakhtin Reader The Bakhtin Reader

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Reid Thomas

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The publication of Caryl Emerson’s book The First Hundred Years of Mikhail Bakhtin in December 1997 is an indication that interest in Bakhtin continues to flourish, among both Russian and Western scholars. Emerson’s book traces the interesting differences of attitude and emphasis between these two groups of critics and provides a broad-ranging and scholarly history of Bakhtin studies. The book I am concerned with here, The Bakhtin Reader, though of a different nature and designed for a different audience, is perhaps an even more significant testament to Bakhtin’s extraordinary and continuing influence. The publication of Caryl Emerson’s book The First Hundred Years of Mikhail Bakhtin in December 1997 is an indication that interest in Bakhtin continues to flourish, among both Russian and Western scholars. Emerson’s book traces the interesting differences of attitude and emphasis between these two groups of critics and provides a broad-ranging and scholarly history of Bakhtin studies. The book I am concerned with here, The Bakhtin Reader, though of a different nature and designed for a different audience, is perhaps an even more significant testament to Bakhtin’s extraordinary and continuing influence.

  2. GOLIMUMAB SAFETY ACCORDING TO CLINICAL FINDINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. V. Lukina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available                                                      The review analyzes trials dealing with the safety of golimumab (GLM  used in rheumatology.  This drug was the latest Contact: Galina Lukina;gvl3@yandex.ru Поступила 12.05.14tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α inhibitor introduced  into clinical practice and therefore the estimation of its tolerability is particularly relevant. The data obtained in large-scale clinical trials suggest that GLM has a good safety profile. The most common  adverse events (AE were infections, more often mild. The rate of infections was higher with the use of GLM 100 mg than with that of 50 mg. The overall cancer rate did not increase during a follow-up of less than 160 weeks. However, the rate of lymphomas in patients receiving GLM 100 mg proved to be higher than in those taking GLM 50 mg, in the general population, and in the placebo group in particular. AE were evenly distributed among patients with rheumatoid  arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis. Overall, the findings are in agreement with the data on the safety of previously used TNF-α inhibitors. No fundamentally new AE have been encountered. It is necessary to accumulate  data on the use of GLM in real clinical practice, which will be able to more objectively define its place in the current therapy of rheumatic diseases.

  3. FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION OF DUPLICATED FLAVONOID BIOSYNTHESIS GENES IN WHEAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khlestkina E.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Gene duplication followed by subfunctionalization and neofunctionalization is of a great evolutionary importance. In plant genomes, duplicated genes may result from either polyploidization (homoeologous genes or segmental chromosome duplications (paralogous genes. In allohexaploid wheat Triticum aestivum L. (2n=6x=42, genome BBAADD, both homoeologous and paralogous copies were found for the regulatory gene Myc encoding MYC-like transcriptional factor in the biosynthesis of flavonoid pigments, anthocyanins, and for the structural gene F3h encoding one of the key enzymes of flavonoid biosynthesis, flavanone 3-hydroxylase. From the 5 copies (3 homoeologous and 2 paralogous of the Myc gene found in T. aestivum, only one plays a regulatory role in anthocyanin biosynthesis, interacting complementary with another transcriptional factor (MYB-like to confer purple pigmentation of grain pericarp in wheat. The role and functionality of the other 4 copies of the Myc gene remain unknown. From the 4 functional copies of the F3h gene in T. aestivum, three homoeologues have similar function. They are expressed in wheat organs colored with anthocyanins or in the endosperm, participating there in biosynthesis of uncolored flavonoid substances. The fourth copy (the B-genomic paralogue is transcribed neither in wheat organs colored with anthocyanins nor in seeds, however, it’s expression has been noticed in roots of aluminium-stressed plants, where the three homoeologous copies are not active. Functional diversification of the duplicated flavonoid biosynthesis genes in wheat may be a reason for maintenance of the duplicated copies and preventing them from pseudogenization.The study was supported by RFBR (11-04-92707. We also thank Ms. Galina Generalova for technical assistance.

  4. Magistritöö kaitsmine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    18.06.2001 kaitsevad TPÜ kultuuriajaloo magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus magistritöid Igor Tõnurist "Pillid ja pillimäng eesti külaelus", Tatjana Tšervova "Vene kogukonna ühiskondlikust ja kultuurielust Tallinnas aastatel 1880-1905".19.06. TPÜ sotsiaaltöö magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus Katrin Raamat "Keskealiste meeste stress tänases Eestis"; Andres Siplane "Bioloogiliste sidemete katkemise seostest hälbiva käitumisega"; Astrid Ojasoon "Kriminaalhooldusaluste sotsiaalteenuste vajadused ja nende rahuldamise võimalused"; Anneli Niinemets "Sotsiaaltöö eriala TPÜs : õppetöö kvaliteet ja lõpetanute kutsekindlus"; Galina Kilk "Kriminaalhooldus ja sotsiaaltöö : alaealiste sotsiaalse rehabilitatsiooni võimalusi"; Orest Kormašov TPÜ kunstiteaduste magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus "17. saj. ikonostaasid Püha Nikolai kirikus Tallinnas". 20.06. TPÜ organisatsioonikäitumise magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus Reet Runge "Organisatsiooni radikaalne ümberkorraldamine - protsessid, struktuur, inimesed (AS Eesti Telefon allüksuse televõrgud täiustustegevuse põhjal)"; Tarmo Toiger "Managing knowledge in organizations : creating, gathering and mobilizing knowledge in Estonian Company" (Teadmiste juhtimine organisatsioonis : teadmiste loomine, kogumine ning edastamine Eesti ettevõtetes); Janika Kuusk "Inimressursi juhtimise tulemuslikkuse hindamise meetodid". 20.06. Jaanika Vassiljeva TPÜ kasvatusteaduste (kutseõpetuse ja reaalainete didaktika) magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus "Eesti keskkooliõpilaste ja üliõpilaste keskkonnateadvus (1989 ja 1999 a. võrdlus). 21.06. Maile Meius TPÜ bioloogia magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus "Trajektoormeetodi kasutamise võimalused meteoroloogias ja aerobioloogias"

  5. Magistritöö kaitsmine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    18.06.2001 kaitsevad TPÜ kultuuriajaloo magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus magistritöid Igor Tõnurist "Pillid ja pillimäng eesti külaelus", Tatjana Tšervova "Vene kogukonna ühiskondlikust ja kultuurielust Tallinnas aastatel 1880-1905".19.06. TPÜ sotsiaaltöö magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus Katrin Raamat "Keskealiste meeste stress tänases Eestis"; Andres Siplane "Bioloogiliste sidemete katkemise seostest hälbiva käitumisega"; Astrid Ojasoon "Kriminaalhooldusaluste sotsiaalteenuste vajadused ja nende rahuldamise võimalused"; Anneli Niinemets "Sotsiaaltöö eriala TPÜs : õppetöö kvaliteet ja lõpetanute kutsekindlus"; Galina Kilk "Kriminaalhooldus ja sotsiaaltöö : alaealiste sotsiaalse rehabilitatsiooni võimalusi"; Orest Kormašov TPÜ kunstiteaduste magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus "17. saj. ikonostaasid Püha Nikolai kirikus Tallinnas". 20.06. TPÜ organisatsioonikäitumise magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus Reet Runge "Organisatsiooni radikaalne ümberkorraldamine - protsessid, struktuur, inimesed (AS Eesti Telefon allüksuse televõrgud täiustustegevuse põhjal)"; Tarmo Toiger "Managing knowledge in organizations : creating, gathering and mobilizing knowledge in Estonian Company" (Teadmiste juhtimine organisatsioonis : teadmiste loomine, kogumine ning edastamine Eesti ettevõtetes); Janika Kuusk "Inimressursi juhtimise tulemuslikkuse hindamise meetodid". 20.06. Jaanika Vassiljeva TPÜ kasvatusteaduste (kutseõpetuse ja reaalainete didaktika) magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus "Eesti keskkooliõpilaste ja üliõpilaste keskkonnateadvus (1989 ja 1999 a. võrdlus). 21.06. Maile Meius TPÜ bioloogia magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogus "Trajektoormeetodi kasutamise võimalused meteoroloogias ja aerobioloogias"

  6. Gênese e significado da religião segundo Bakunin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nildo Viana

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda a concepção de religião em Mikhail Bakunin, pensador anarquista, objetivando mostrar como ele entendia a gênese e significado do fenômeno religioso. Para tanto, se utiliza as obras nas quais ele analisou o fenômeno religioso e se observa que ela está intimamente ligada às influências positivistas em seu pensamento e sua concepção de natureza humana. A concepção de que a origem da religião está relacionada com a faculdade de abstrair acaba sendo o fundamento de sua posição diante da religião e do seu significado político, bem como, de forma derivado, em relação ao Estado. Palavras-chave: Religião, Abstração, Bakunin, Anarquismo, Positivismo.

  7. Monotonic childhoods: representations of otherness in research writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Marcos Bussoletti

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is part of a doctoral thesis entitled “Monotonic childhoods – a rhapsody of hope”. It follows the perspective of a critical psychosocial and cultural study, and aims at discussing the other’s representation in research writing, electing childhood as an allegorical and refl ective place. It takes into consideration, by means of analysis, the drawings and poems of children from the Terezin ghetto during the Second World War. The work is mostly based on Serge Moscovici’s Social Representation Theory, but it is also in constant dialogue with other theories and knowledge fi elds, especially Walter Benjamin’s and Mikhail Bakhtin’s contributions. At the end, the paper supports the thesis that conceives poetics as one of the translation axes of childhood cultures.

  8. Rugas e pneuzinhos, que mal tem? O discurso da beleza fora dos padrões na publicidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadezhda Bezerra Batista

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem o intuito de mostrar, através da apresentação de anúncios dasempresas de cosméticos Natura e Dove que  o discurso publicitário reflete e refrata a sociedade em que esta inserido para se tornar ainda mais sedutor e mais afinado com seu público-alvo. A partir de seus anúncios  veiculados nas décadas de 90 (Natura e 2000 (Dove, cada empresa, a seu tempo, se mostra em sintonia com os anseios de suas consumidoras, abrindo caminho para uma valorização e fidelização às suas marcas. Para atingirmos nosso objetivo nos fundamentaremos nas reflexões de Mikhail Bakhtin e Norman Fairclough. 

  9. O cronotopo bakhtiniano do romance (autobiográfico: da Antiguidade à contemporaneidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauliane Amaral

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, retomamos as reflexões sobre 'As formas de tempo e de cronotopo no romance' feitas por Mikhail Bakhtin e apresentadas em Questões de literatura e de estética: a teoria do romance, a fim de verificar as variações do cronotopo de 'Biografias e autobiografias antigas' no romance autobiográfico contemporâneo. Para isso, analisamos os cronotopos nos romances autobiográficos Paris é uma festa, de Ernest Hemingway, e Chá das cinco com o vampiro, de Miguel Sanches Neto. Nossa leitura do cronotopo bakhtiniano nessas narrativas nos leva a relacionar as formas de configuração entre espaço público e espaço privado e diferentes estratégias de representação.

  10. A linguistic model of informed consent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marta, J

    1996-02-01

    The current disclosure model of informed consent ignores the linguistic complexity of any act of communication, and the increased risk of difficulties in the special circumstances of informed consent. This article explores, through linguistic analysis, the specificity of informed consent as a speech act, a communication act, and a form of dialogue, following on the theories of J.L. Austin, Roman Jakobson, and Mikhail Bakhtin, respectively. In the proposed model, informed consent is a performative speech act resulting from a series of communication acts which together constitute a dialogic, polyphonic, heteroglossial discourse. It is an act of speech that results in action being taken after a conversation has happened where distinct individuals, multiple voices, and multiple perspectives have been respected, and convention observed and recognized. It is more meaningful and more ethical for both patient and physician, in all their human facets including their interconnectedness.

  11. Literature on the Margins: Russian Fiction in the Nineties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Lipovetsky

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite shrinkage in print runs and readership, canonical Literature during the 1990s developed along three major lines that connected writers of various generations in both aesthetics and philosophy: realism, exemplified in Georgii Vladimov's prize-winning novel, The General and His Army (1994; postmodernism, richly represented in the fiction of Vladimir Sorokin, Viktor Pelevin, and Vladimir Sharov; and neosentimentalism, as derived from the naturalism of early perestroika, most consistently embraced by Liudmila Petrushevskaia, Liudmila Ulitskaia, and, in his paternal profession de foi , one of Russia's chief theorists of postmodernism, Mikhail Epshtein. All three tendencies aspired to the status of mainstream, which they failed to attain, owing to a fundamental instability that chaos theory has labeled a "bifurcation cascade." Inasmuch as that stage, according to specialists in chaos theory, leads to irreversible changes that effect a high level of stability, the outlook for Russian literature at century's end might be less bleak than prophesied by doomsayers.

  12. Poemas entre músicas: dialogia melopoética e(m uma didática contemporânea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robson Coelho Tinoco

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Under the dialogical notion of a given poetic-musical language can be structured a didactic process with activities that best relate literature and music (popular and classical. Referring to hearing music and literary reading, the teaching aims to understand students as individuals represented by a strong dialogic ethical and aesthetic reception. In that current context historical of globalization and multise- miotic informations it is believed that, in the measure in the individual-student notices the due relation / integration of those levels, the contact with the implicit musicality in the verses of poems will make possible that she is apprehended bet- ter until as contemporary melopoetic element. With such concern, and leaning on in analyses of Mikhail Bakhtin, Octavio Paz, José Miguel Wisnik, Luiz Tatit e Jusamara Souza, the theoretical foundations of the didatic process consider, basi- cally, a conception dialogical and interactionist of that of those artistics language.

  13. Intercultural communication in a dialogical perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gholamian, Jamshid

    ”The most intense and productive life of culture takes place on the boundaries of its individual areas and not in the places where these areas have become enclosed (Bakhtin 1986: 2). Theorists of intercultural communication tend to reduce identity to the „culture“ you have been born...... based on Mikhail Bakhtins dialogical communication can contribute to the field of intercultural communication. Unlike the intercultural perspective where cultural differences are addressed as a problem and barrier for communication differences perceived by Bakhtin as the precondition for dialogue...... and communication – as a resource rather than a barrier for communication. Dialogical Intercultural communication (DIC) is a risky communication. As Bakhtin noted we may be in danger – we may be forced to open up and participate in a dialogue that will emerge mutual changes. DIC is not free of power and struggle...

  14. Bakhtin, Pushkin, and the Co-Creativity of Those Who Understand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald Wesling

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available From the beginning (1919 to the end (1972 of his publishing career, Mikhail Bakhtin very often wrote about the force of creativity. This is a secondary theme, but also a freedom-valuing variant of his grand themes of dialogism, chronotope, carnival, great time. Bakhtin's definition, which works to disentangle the existing given from the newly-created, helps us in 2015 to rescue creativity from debased usages in the public sphere. One purpose of this essay is to rectify a valuable term: to show what Bakhtin means by "the co-creativity of those who understand." Another purpose is to specify, with Bakhtin's help, the type of creativity Alexandr Pushkin achieves in his historical moment, in lyric, narrative, and meditative poems. To the extent we are successful, we continue an ongoing project in Bakhtin studies: to show how his thinking aids in the interpretation of poetry as verbal art.

  15. Entropy and information

    CERN Document Server

    Volkenstein, Mikhail V

    2009-01-01

    The book "Entropy and Information" deals with the thermodynamical concept of entropy and its relationship to information theory. It is successful in explaining the universality of the term "Entropy" not only as a physical phenomenon, but reveals its existence also in other domains. E.g., Volkenstein discusses the "meaning" of entropy in a biological context and shows how entropy is related to artistic activities. Written by the renowned Russian bio-physicist Mikhail V. Volkenstein, this book on "Entropy and Information" surely serves as a timely introduction to understand entropy from a thermodynamic perspective and is definitely an inspiring and thought-provoking book that should be read by every physicist, information-theorist, biologist, and even artist.

  16. Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Gregoli

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é uma análise detalhada dos elementos cinemáticos de uma Globochanchada imensamente popular, De Pernas para o Ar (Roberto Santucci, 2011, à luz da teoria feminist e da teorização de Mikhail Bakhtin acerco do carnavalesco. O artigo tem como objetivo investigar o modo através do qual uma crescente demanda por representação popular é utilizada para cooptar demandas socialmente progressistas – incluindo as feministas. A análise revela que, enquanto o filme contém elementos transgressivos relacionados à sexualidade das mulheres, ele no entanto faz uso das mesmas práticas opressoras às quais o feminismo historicamente se opõe. Palavras chave: gênero; carnavalesco; comédia; cinema brasileiro; Globochanchada.

  17. O PAPEL DA LINGUAGEM NA FILOSOFIA DA EDUCAÇÃO DE PAULO FREIRE: BUSCANDO APROXIMAÇÕES COM TEORIAS SOCIAIS DO DISCURSO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Galieta Nascimento

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Approaches between linguistics and education have been pursued in recent decades, particularly in the area of science education. In that sense, this article aims to locate the conception of language underlying the work of Paulo Freire. For this, the analysis focuses around a few central concepts of Mikhail Bakhtin's philosophy of language and the theory of Discourse Analysis of the French school, such as "dialogicity" and "dialogue", "unfinished," "silence" and "reading." It also discussed the vision of communication that Freire presents in some of his books from the drawing criticism of the theorists' discourse about the communicative process. Thus, the search is to trace the similarities and departures between the pedagogy of Freire and the main ideas of Bakhtin and French Discourse Analysis, seeing possible contributions to science education.

  18. Physics teachers' perspectives on High School national curriculum policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gleice Ferraz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to identify, in the context of an activity developed in online course for continuing education and from the theoretical approach of Mikhail Bakhtin, the discursive appropriation of PCNEM by high school physics teachers who work in different regional realities. The analysis indicated a positive perspective by teachers related to PCNEM, in addition to full accordance with the main path indicated by the legislation: the contextualized teaching. Despite the differences between educational regions we could not identify explicit signs of how these differences impacted the appropriation of terms found in PCNEM. The silence of teachers in relation to non-methodological aspects of physics teaching shapes their perspectives and also emphasizes the concern for didactic transposition of the content required by the curriculum, leaving out the question of why we have this curriculum and not other.

  19. COMPARATIVE COMPUTER ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT OF THE NOVEL “THE DON QUIET” WITH FYODOR KRYUKOV, ALEXANDER SERAFIMOVICH AND IVAN RODIONOV’S TEXTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    В А Бубнов

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Since that moment when Mikhail Sholokhov (1905-1984 novel “The Don Quiet” has been published, assumptions that Sholokhov isn’t the author of this novel were made. In 1999 after long- term searches the Institute of the world literature of A.M. Gorky of the Russian Academy of Sciences managed to find being considered lost manuscripts of the 1st and 2nd books of “The Don Quiet”. After that supporters of authorship of Sholokhov have considered the position, certainly, proved. In turn, many supporters of the version about plagiarism continue to insist on the correctness.In work the comparative formal analysis of the text of the novel “The Don Quiet” with texts of works of a number of writers to which some critics try to attribute authorship of “The Don Quiet” is made.

  20. Open problems in mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Nash, Jr, John Forbes

    2016-01-01

    The goal in putting together this unique compilation was to present the current status of the solutions to some of the most essential open problems in pure and applied mathematics. Emphasis is also given to problems in interdisciplinary research for which mathematics plays a key role. This volume comprises highly selected contributions by some of the most eminent mathematicians in the international mathematical community on longstanding problems in very active domains of mathematical research. A joint preface by the two volume editors is followed by a personal farewell to John F. Nash, Jr. written by Michael Th. Rassias. An introduction by Mikhail Gromov highlights some of Nash’s legendary mathematical achievements. The treatment in this book includes open problems in the following fields: algebraic geometry, number theory, analysis, discrete mathematics, PDEs, differential geometry, topology, K-theory, game theory, fluid mechanics, dynamical systems and ergodic theory, cryptography, theoretical computer sc...

  1. The modern and the contemporary: dialogic relations between Poe and Vilela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Londina da Cunha Pereira de Almeida

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Starting from Bakhtin’s notion that a speech meets another and both participate in a lively and tense interaction, current paper observes and describes the existing dialogical relationship between the short stories Nunca aposte sua cabeça com o diabo ― conto moral, by Edgar Allan Poe, and A cabeça, by Luiz Vilela, a tale in the eponymous work. Since the two texts are foregrounded on satire, such perspective is investigated in each short story and the coinciding and distancing factors are pinpointed. The theoretical framework by Mikhail Bakhtin in his Estética da criação verbal and Problemas da poética de Dostoiévski is employed. Poe’s aim, representing the modern short story, is disrupted and subverted by Luiz Vilela who sets up a new way to narrate the short story.

  2. Intercultural communication in a dialogical perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gholamian, Jamshid

    based on Mikhail Bakhtins dialogical communication can contribute to the field of intercultural communication. Unlike the intercultural perspective where cultural differences are addressed as a problem and barrier for communication differences perceived by Bakhtin as the precondition for dialogue...... and communication – as a resource rather than a barrier for communication. Dialogical Intercultural communication (DIC) is a risky communication. As Bakhtin noted we may be in danger – we may be forced to open up and participate in a dialogue that will emerge mutual changes. DIC is not free of power and struggle......”The most intense and productive life of culture takes place on the boundaries of its individual areas and not in the places where these areas have become enclosed (Bakhtin 1986: 2). Theorists of intercultural communication tend to reduce identity to the „culture“ you have been born...

  3. Russian Liberalism in Crisis? Khodorkovsky Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David White

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The electoral decline of liberal parties has been a key feature of post-Soviet politics in Russia. Using Mikhail Khodorkovsky’s critique of Russian liberalism as a starting point for analysis, it is argued that a lack of cohesion and unity has undermined support for liberal-democratic forces. Ultimately, however, exogenous factors over which the liberal parties have had no control (the marginalisation of opposition, the restriction of media access and the huge imbalance of resources available to political parties in Russia have played the major determining role in the liberals’ decline. It is argued that Russia’s two main liberal parties during the Putin years were targeted by the regime because they were opposition parties. In Russia’s electoral authoritarian system, political opposition has been systematically excluded and fragmented, the aim being not just to restrict but to close off any potential opportunities.

  4. Significação dialógica do messianismo em vereda da salvação de Jorge Andrade

    OpenAIRE

    Márcia Cristina de Lima Aguillar Bolzani

    2003-01-01

    Este estudo analisa a obra dramática Vereda da Salvação, pertencente ao ciclo Marta, a árvore e o relógio de Jorge Andrade, pelo método da análise do dialogismo discursivo de Mikhail Bakhtin. Dá ênfase especial ao discurso religioso messiânico como apropriação parodística (não cômica), por parte de um grupo de trabalhadores rurais que tinham sido posseiros, do discurso religioso católico tradicional, próprio da sociedade dominada pelos fazendeiros, entre os quais se encontram os que lhes reti...

  5. Paródia/Carnavalização e Função Poética em a Invenção do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos de Medeiros

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Parody/carnavalization and poetic function in the invention of Brazil. The conception of parody/carnavalization by Mikhail Bakthin and the poetry function, according to Roman Jackbson are the theoric bases that keep our analysis of the TV-show The invention of Brazil. In general, the works which approach historic phases follow an 'educative' line centred in the verosimilitude of naturalism in the language’s emotive function and makes possible the emotional relief process. This program goes in the opposite direction, because it presents the true, it inquires every time, and it remembers the television viewer that every version is always an ideologic position faced with world instead. The language's poetic function, which shows us the difference between this work and other productions; it starts out with a legend, changes roles and leaves the television viewers with more questions about the true history of our past published by official historians.

  6. Angelic and Crepuscular in Alexandru Sever’s Drama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena IANCU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The illustration of a world, apparently drifting, the (demystification of the transcendent and of the act of creation, as idea and textual strategy, seem to Alexandru Sever (1921-2010 a means for another beginning. The impossibility of action in Înger bătrîn/ The Old Angel (1977 and the pact-making in Îngerul slut/ The Miscreated Angel (1982, imply metamorphosis in essence, supported by the dialogue with the great texts of the world, by intertextuality (the biblical text, Shakespeare's texts -Hamlet -Yorick, texts written by Göethe, Beckett, Marlowe, Dostoevsky, J. P. Sartre, Mikhail Bulgakov and others. The projection of Auschwitz, as a Siberia of the spirit, and that of Faustianism, result in a detailed analysis of the human, both as individuality and as community, in an attempt to illustrate the (inintelligible inaction, death involving catharsis in the mundane and the theatre alike.

  7. A produção dos signos numa estrutura social antagônica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauro Frederico Barbosa da Silveira

    1980-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de objeções às proposições de Mikhail BAKHTIN (ou V.N. VOLOCHINOV sobre a produção da linguagem e do discurso literário no interior das relações sociais de produção, sugere-se a aplicação da semiótica peirceana, devidamente criticada para a análise da produção dos signos no nível da representação da consciência. Pretende-se com isto considerar o signo em toda a sua extensão, e não reduzido ao mero domínio do ""simbólico"", e tornar mais claro o lugar e o papel das diversas formas ideológicas no interior da "praxis".

  8. História, memória e narrativa: a revelação do "quem" nas histórias orais dos habitantes do Córrego dos Januários

    OpenAIRE

    Gusmão,Denise Sampaio; Jobim e Souza,Solange

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo deste artigo é relatar uma pesquisa sobre as histórias de vida e as memórias dos habitantes de um pequeno povoado, situado na região leste de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Utilizando a "história oral" como estratégia metodológica e tendo como referência teórica o pensamento de Hannah Arendt, Walter Benjamin e Mikhail Bakhtin, os conceitos história, memória e narrativa são aqui analisados a partir das práticas discursivas entre a pesquisadora e os habitantes do Córrego dos Januários. Os res...

  9. História, memória e narrativa: a revelação do "quem" nas histórias orais dos habitantes do Córrego dos Januários History, memory and narrative: the disclosure of "who are you?" in the oral story-telling of the inhabitants of Córrego dos Januários

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Sampaio Gusmão; Solange Jobim e Souza

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo deste artigo é relatar uma pesquisa sobre as histórias de vida e as memórias dos habitantes de um pequeno povoado, situado na região leste de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Utilizando a "história oral" como estratégia metodológica e tendo como referência teórica o pensamento de Hannah Arendt, Walter Benjamin e Mikhail Bakhtin, os conceitos história, memória e narrativa são aqui analisados a partir das práticas discursivas entre a pesquisadora e os habitantes do Córrego dos Januários. Os res...

  10. The concept of sign in the work of Vygotsky, Winnicott and Bakhtin: further integration of object relations theory and activity theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiman, M

    1992-09-01

    In a recent paper Ryle introduced the idea of integrating object relations theory and activity theory, a conceptual tradition originated by Vygotsky and developed by a number of Soviet psychologists during the previous decades. A specific aspect of this integrative perspective will be examined, implied in Ryle's paper but not elaborated by him. It is the issue of sign mediation which was Vygotsky's primary contribution to the methodological problems of modern psychology. The aim is to show that object relations theory, especially the work of Winnicott, may bring fresh understanding into Vygotsky's early notions. It is further claimed that, by introducing the contribution of Mikhail Bakhtin and his circle to the notion of sign mediation, the profundity in Winnicott's understanding of the transitional object and of the potential space may be more fully appreciated. At the same time the ideas of Winnicott and Bakhtin will jointly clarify the limitations in Vygotsky's sign conception.

  11. 作为创作技法和阅读手法的互文性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段慧敏

    2010-01-01

    @@ 互文性(intertextualité)是法国理论家克里斯蒂娃(Julia Kristeva)以俄罗斯后形式主义文论家米哈伊尔·巴赫金(Mikhail Bakhtin)的理论为基础构建起来的独特的文本概念,旨在放弃只关注作者与文本关系的传统文学批评方法,转而从文本自身、从文本与文本之间的关系关注文学的产生和发展.

  12. 怪诞形象体系论——以拉伯雷《巨人传》为个案%Study of Grotesque Imagery: A Case Study of Gargantua and Pantagruel of F. Rabelais

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩振江

    2011-01-01

    怪诞(grotesque)是一个历史悠久、内涵多变的美学范畴。俄国美学家巴赫金通过解读拉伯雷的《巨人传》,总结了怪诞自古以来所存在的七种母题,并且深入地挖掘了这些怪诞形象体系背后的思想内涵与文化意义。%Characters of grotesqueness are developing with the ages of human and society. Mikhail Bakhtin, who is the great mind in Russia, analyses the grotesque images in Gargantua and Pantagruel of f. Rabelais. Then he gets several motive types of grotesque from

  13. O Corpo Deglutido No Banquete Polifônico De “Vozes De Um Túmulo”

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    Rogério Caetano de Almeida

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa o poema “Vozes de um túmulo”, de Augusto dos Anjos, a partir da ideia de que as vozes polifônicas, que influenciam e permeiam o eu lírico, transformam-se em parte de seu ser e de seu corpo. Este último é o que chamamos aqui de corpo grotesco. Os trabalhos teóricos que dão suporte a este estudo são os de Mikhail Bakhtin (mais especificamente as partes que tratam do corpo e do banquete, Wolfgang Kayser (e sua visão de um grotesco moderno e Victor Hugo. Outros estudos importantes que permeiam esta noção de corpo no poema de Augusto dos Anjos são os de Henri Bergson, Charles Baudelaire e Arthur Schopenhauer.

  14. Das Reflektierende Team

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorensen, Marlene Ringgaard; Gaarden, Marianne

    2015-01-01

    Bedeutungszuschreibungen. Marianne Gaardens Forschung zeigt, dass zwischen Predigenden und Hörenden ein ›dritter Raum‹ entsteht, wie sie das nennt. Dabei handelt es sich um einen liminalen, rituell konturierten Raum, in dem Hörende Predigtelemente rezipieren und in ihre eigenen gelebten Erfahrungen einbauen. Komplementär...... dazu hat Marlene Ringgaard Lorensen das Potenzial des von außen kommenden, dezidiert ›andersartigen‹ Beitrags der Hörenden für die dialogische Predigt im Rückgriff auf Theorien von Mikhail Bakhtin analysiert. Als theologische Grundfigur steht hinter der Arbeit im reflektierenden homiletischen Team also...... intersubjektiv eng verwobenen Gemeinschaft sind. Das Konzept des ›dritten Raumes‹ trägt der Einsicht Rechnung, dass wir im Dialog lernen und uns entwickeln. Es geht nicht darum, dass eine Person die andere überzeugt: Beide verändern sich im fortschreitenden Prozess....

  15. Intertextuality in Ancient Greek Tragedy: The Case of Euripidean Orestes

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    Blaž Zabel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the role of intertextuality in understanding Euripides’ Orestes, beginning with an overview of intertextuality theories, especially those from the domain of structuralism, i.e. by Julia Kristeva (and Mikhail Bakhtin, Roland Barthes, Michael Riffaterre, and Gérard Genette. The second part of the paper discusses the theoretical implications of intertextuality for classical philology and provides a literature review of intertextuality in Orestes. The concluding part presents three possible objections to Zeitlin’s argument about the intertextuality of Orestes. A discussion of the social context of the tragedy is followed by an account of the structuralists’ understanding of language and rounded off with speculations on the possibility of intertextuality in oral literature.

  16. "Florigen ": an intriguing concept of plant biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennazio, Sergio

    2004-01-01

    "Florigen" is the name that Mikhail Chailakhyan coined in 1937 for the putative hormone regulating flowering. At this concept, plant physiologists arrived following early research concerning the effects of temperature and day length on the transition from vegetative to reproductive stages of plants. The existence of florigen was postulated on the experimental backgrounds involving i) the response of plants to inductive conditions; ii) transmission of a flowering stimulus by grafting; iii) extraction of this stimulus from induced plants. This experimental results showed the existence of florigen at least as concept because they always failed to offer the experimental evidence of its chemical existence. The myth of florigen persisted as long as the end of the Seventies, when physiologists began to consider flowering as a complex process in which various classes of hormones might variously interplay.

  17. Jean-Paul Bronckart & Cristian Bota, Bakhtine démasqué. Histoire d’un menteur, d’une escroquerie et d’un délire collectif

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    Katia Vandenborre

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Le coupable a été démasqué. Mikhail Bakhtin a été jugé coupable de mensonge et d’escroquerie. Et la communauté scientifique a été reconnue complice des faits, ayant entraîné un délire collectif d’envergure internationale. Le procès présidé par Jean-Paul Bronckart et Cristian Bota est sans appel, et il entend bien clore l’affaire des « textes disputés ». Celle-ci a commencé en 1970, quand Vjačeslav Ivanov, glorifiant le génie de Bakhtin, a attribué à ce dernier la paternité des textes intitulé...

  18. Stealing from Bakhtin: Writing the Voices of the ”Voiceless”

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    Guro Flinterud

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay investigates an approach to writing about animals within the humanities. The goal is to focus attention on animals as actors, rather than speaking on their behalf. By combining Mikhail Bakhtin’s theory of speech genres with Donna Haraway’s perspectives on co-habitation between all species, I suggest that a careful attention to animals as communication partners might give us a tool to capture the contribution animals make in the creation of history and culture. Two examples will be provided to illustrate this concept: The first example is a media story about celebrity polar bear Knut. The second example is an oral account of human-animal interaction in the zoo.

  19. Dialogism in Portuguese Contemporary Novel

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    Raquel Trentin Oliveira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to reflect upon the dialogic constitution of the contemporary Portuguese novel using as basis for the analysis Mikhail Bakhtin‟s contributions on this literary genre. Bakhtin emphasizes, in his studies, the double-voiced discourse of varied orientation, the complex interactions between⁄among different points of view in one utterance that could elevate the dialogism in the novel to a higher degree. The contemporary novel diversifies the forms of transmission of the discourse of the other, shuffling the characters‟ voices, demanding redoubled attention on the part of the reader to the construction of meaning. To exemplify this tendency, the novel Raised from the ground (2012, by José Saramago, an acclaimed contemporary Portuguese writer, has been used.

  20. Bodily lower stratum in mediatic images O rebaixamento corporal nas imagens midiáticas

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    José de Arimathéia Cordeiro Custódio

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a reading of grotesque shown in visual medias, mainly television. The discussion is supported by the ideas of bodily lower stratum as proposed by Mikhail Bakhtin in his work about popular culture at final Middle Ages and Renaissance, based on François Rabelais’s literary creations. The study explains the anthropological dimensions of the human body; defines the bodily lower stratum from the standpoint of bakhtinian thought; presents aspects of the mentality and the cultural scenario at the end of the medieval period, with emphasis on carnivalization and desacralization of the human body; and discusses the notions of renascentist grotesque realism updated in the context of contemporary mediatic images. Este artigo faz uma leitura do grotesco apresentado nas mídias visuais, sobretudo a televisão. Fundamenta a reflexão nas idéias de rebaixamento corporal propostas por Mikhail Bakhtin em sua obra sobre a cultura popular no final da Idade Média e Renascimento, à luz das criações literárias de François Rabelais. O estudo expõe dimensões antropológicas do corpo humano; define o rebaixamento a partir do pensamento bakhtiniano; apresenta aspectos da mentalidade e do cenário cultural do fim do medievo, com ênfase na carnavalização e dessacralização do corpo humano; e discute as noções do realismo grotesco renascentista atualizadas no contexto das imagens midiáticas contemporâneas.

  1. A publicidade da Coca-Cola “Happiness Factory” e o imaginário do sistema produtivo na sociedade de consumo

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    João Carrascoza

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo propõe a reflexão sobre o universo simbólico da marca Coca-Cola com base no comercial “Happiness Factory” (“Fábrica de Felicidade”, 2006, em que a esfera produtiva da corporação é recuperada como espetáculo, como apoteose, para servir ao imaginário do consumo. Trata-se de estudo preliminar sobre os processos simbólicos de reconstrução, de esvaziamento, de harmonização das tensões e dialéticas que envolvem o mundo do trabalho, para servir à publicidade da marca – esta entendida como ente social, mediador da negociação simbólica entre anunciantes e consumidores. A metodologia de análise é baseada no quadro teórico da análise do discurso de linha francesa e de conceitos- chave da obra de Mikhail Bakhtin, entre outros autores. Palavras-chave: Publicidade; consumo simbólico; trabalho.ABSTRACT This article presents a reflection on the symbolic universe of the Coca-Cola brand based on the comercial “Happiness Factory” (2006, in which the productive sphere of the corporation is transformed and presented as a spectacle, as an apotheosis in order to meet the purposes of consumption imaginary. This is a preliminary study on the symbolic processes of reconstruction, of emptying and of the harmonization of tensions and dialectics which involve the world of labour in order to meet the requirements of the publicity of the Coca-Cola brand – which is understood as a social being, mediator of the symbolic negotiation between advertisers and consumers. Our methodology of analysis is based on the theoretical framework of the French line of discourse analysis and key concepts of Mikhail Bakhtin, among other authors. Keywords: Advertising; symbolic consumption; brands.

  2. Um Olhar Estético Sobre a Fonteira a Partir do Conto Época de Festas, de Aldyr García Schlee

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    Louise Silva do Pinho

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Faremos, neste trabalho, uma análise do conto Época de Festas, de Aldyr García Schlee, sob o ponto de vista estético teorizado por Mikhail Bakhtin (2010; 2011 para, em seguida, discutir a relevância desse tipo de análise na sala de aula do ensino básico. Dessa forma, trataremos dos aspectos contextuais e culturais do conto, a vivência de fronteira Brasil/ Uruguai, inseridos no entrelaçamento dos três componentes do objeto estético: a forma, o conteúdo e o material que, em harmonia, dão à obra literária sua beleza. O aporte teórico deste trabalho fundamenta-se em Mikhail Bakhtin (2010; 2011, Pablo René Estévez (2011 e também autores que estudam a leitura de Literatura na escola, como Regina Zilberman (2009. A metodologia utilizada foi a de análise estética, proposta por Bakhtin. Desejamos, com este estudo, oferecer uma opção para o professor de línguas que deseja trabalhar com o texto literário em aula de forma que ultrapasse o óbvio e desenvolva no aluno a sensibilidade com relação à arte e ao mundo.

  3. Interfaces entre o pensamento filosófico e linguístico: algumas reflexões teóricas sobre a delimitação do objeto de estudo da linguística=Interfaces between the philosofic and linguistic thought: some theoretical reflections about the delimitation of the object of study of the linguistic

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    Denilson Pereira de Matos

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho objetiva abordar, no entrelaçamento entre linguística e filosofia, a ciência filosofia da linguagem no que se refere às duas orientações do pensamento filosófico-linguístico que buscam a resolução do problema de isolamento e delimitação da linguagem como objeto de estudo, a saber: o subjetivismo idealista e o objetivismo abstrato. São apontadas as principais proposições destas linhas mestras, seguidas de uma breve reflexão bakhtiniana sobre elas. Tal estudo é norteado pelo capítulo quarto, ‘Das Orientações do Pensamento Filosófico-linguístico’, da obra Marxismo e Filosofia da Linguagem de Mikhail Bakhtin. Algumas exemplificações são feitas, visando justificar as reflexões propostas.This work aims to approach, in the intertwining between linguistic and philosophy, the science phylosophy of the language with regard to two guidelines of the linguistic-philosophic thought which aim the resolution of the problem of the isolation and delimitation of the language as study object, to know, the idealist subjetivism and the abstract objetivism. The main proposals of these master lines followed by a brief bakhtinian reflection about them are pointed. Such study is guided by the chapter four, ‘Guidelines of the linguistic-Philosofic Thought’, of the classic Marxism and Language Philosophy by Mikhail Bakhtin. Some exemplifications are made in order to justify these reflections.

  4. Self dialógico: teoria e pesquisa Self dialogico: teoría y investigación Dialogical self: theory and research

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    Maickel Andrade dos Santos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A ideia de self dialógico baseia-se na distinção entre o eu (o que conhece e o mim (o que é conhecido de William James, e na novela polifônica de Mikhail Bakhtin. O self não é mais centralizado e unificado, mas descentralizado e múltiplo. A dialogicidade ocorre entre posições do self que podem ser internas (eu enquanto homem, eu enquanto filho, eu enquanto profissional, eu como membro de uma comunidade e externas (meu pai, meus amigos, meus colegas. As vozes estão em constante conversação, algumas vezes em conflito. O presente artigo revisa as proposições teóricas e metodológicas da teoria do self dialógico: pensamento narrativo e neurocognição da consciência. Também analisa o instrumento largamente utilizado na pesquisa empírica: o Repertório de Posições Pessoais, usado para mapear as relações entre diferentes posições do self. Dois problemas centrais permanecem para debate e pesquisa: como captar o self em diálogo e como explicar a possibilidade ou não de uma metaposição.La idea del self dialógico se basa en la distinción entre el yo (quién conoce y el mí (lo que es conocido de William James, y en la novela polifónica de Mikhail Bakhtin. El self no es más centralizado y unificado, pero descentralizado y múltiplo. La dialogicidad ocurre entre posiciones del self que pueden ser internas (yo cuando hombre, yo cuando hijo, yo cuando profesional, yo cómo miembro de una comunidad y externas (mi padre, mis amigos, mis compañeros. Las voces están en constante conversación, algunas veces en conflicto. El presente artículo revisa las proposiciones teóricas y metodológicas de la teoría del self dialógico: pensamiento narrativo, y neurocognición de la consciencia. También analiza el instrumento largamente utilizado en la investigación empírica: el Repertorio de Posiciones Personales, utilizado para mapear las relaciones entre diferentes posiciones del self. Dos problemas centrales permanecen para

  5. The order of thought and the order of words. Minties eiga ir žodžių tvarka

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    Eglė Petronienė

    2007-01-01

    . ----- Šiame straipsnyje pateikiama vertimo analizė, atsižvelgiant į kalbų struktūrinius skirtingumus ir galimybes, kurias suteikia funkcinės sakinio perspektyvos (FSP realizavimas. Pateikiami lietuvių grožinės literatūros tekstai ir jų angliškieji vertimai, siekiant nustatyti, kokią rolę funkcinės sakinio perspektyvos perteikime vaidina žodžių tvarka. Analizė atskleidžia nepanaudotų galimybių sritis, o antra vertus, ir priemones, kurios įgalina išreikšti funkcinę lietuviškojo sakinio perspektyvą, arba minties eigą, vertime.

  6. Proceedings of Patient Reported Outcome Measure’s (PROMs Conference Sheffield 2016: advances in patient reported outcomes research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Croudace

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents S1 Using computerized adaptive testing Tim Croudace S2 Well-being: what is it, how does it compare to health and what are the implications of using it to inform health policy John Brazier O1 “Am I going to get better?”—Using PROMs to inform patients about the likely benefit of surgery Nils Gutacker, Andrew Street O2 Identifying Patient Reported Outcome Measures for an electronic Personal Health Record Dan Robotham, Samantha Waterman, Diana Rose, Safarina Satkunanathan, Til Wykes O3 Examining the change process over time qualitatively: transformative learning and response shift Nasrin Nasr, Pamela Enderby O4 Developing a PROM to evaluate self-management in diabetes (HASMID: giving patients a voice Jill Carlton, Donna Rowen, Jackie Elliott, John Brazier, Katherine Stevens, Hasan Basarir, Alex Labeit O5 Development of the Primary Care Outcomes Questionnaire (PCOQ Mairead Murphy, Sandra Hollinghurst, Chris Salisbury O6 Developing the PKEX score- a multimodal assessment tool for patients with shoulder problems Dominic Marley, James Wilson, Amy Barrat, Bibhas Roy O7 Applying multiple imputation to multi-item patient reported outcome measures: advantages and disadvantages of imputing at the item, sub-scale or score level Ines Rombach, Órlaith Burke, Crispin Jenkinson, Alastair Gray, Oliver Rivero-Arias O8 Integrating Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs into routine primary care for patients with multimorbidity: a feasibility study Ian Porter, Jaheeda Gangannagaripalli, Charlotte Bramwell, Jose M. Valderas O9 eRAPID: electronic self-report and management of adverse-events for pelvic radiotherapy (RT patients Patricia Holch, Susan Davidson, Jacki Routledge, Ann Henry, Kevin Franks, Alex Gilbert, Kate Absolom & Galina Velikova O10 Patient reported outcomes (PROMs based recommendation in clinical guidance for the management of chronic conditions in the United Kingdom Ian Porter, Jose M.Valderas O11 Cross-sectional and

  7. História, memória e narrativa: a revelação do "quem" nas histórias orais dos habitantes do Córrego dos Januários History, memory and narrative: the disclosure of "who are you?" in the oral story-telling of the inhabitants of Córrego dos Januários

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Sampaio Gusmão

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é relatar uma pesquisa sobre as histórias de vida e as memórias dos habitantes de um pequeno povoado, situado na região leste de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Utilizando a "história oral" como estratégia metodológica e tendo como referência teórica o pensamento de Hannah Arendt, Walter Benjamin e Mikhail Bakhtin, os conceitos história, memória e narrativa são aqui analisados a partir das práticas discursivas entre a pesquisadora e os habitantes do Córrego dos Januários. Os resultados deste trabalho contribuem para a compreensão da ação e do discurso dos homens como condição do exercício da ética e da política na vida prática e, consequentemente, colocam em destaque a importância da experiência singular e a presença única de cada pessoa no mundo. A revelação da pergunta "quem és?", apresentada por Hanna Arendt em sua obra A condição humana, é aqui analisada a partir dos relatos das histórias de vida dos sujeitos envolvidos.The purpose of this article is reporting a research on stories of the life and memories of the inhabitants of a small village in the east region of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Using as methodological strategy the "oral story-telling", and as theoretical references the works and studies by Hannah Arendt, Walter Benjamin and Mikhail Bakhtin, the concepts history, memory and narrative are here analyzed based on the discursive practices between the researcher and the inhabitants of Córrego dos Januários. The results of this work contribute to the comprehension of action and discourse of men as a condition to the exercise of ethics and politics in practical life and, consequently, bring out the importance of singular experience and the unique presence of each and every person in the world. The disclosure of the question "Who are you", introduced by Hannah Arendt in her work The Human Condition, is here analyzed from the point of view of the life stories of the individuals involved.

  8. Indícios de sentidos e significados de feminilidade e de masculinidade em aulas de Educação Física Trace of senses and meanings of femininity and masculinity in lessons of physical education

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    Vilma Canazart dos Santos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo trata de indícios de sentidos e significados de feminilidade e masculinidade em aulas de Educação Física. Os referenciais teóricos adotados estão ligados à perspectiva histórico-cultural (Lev Vigotski e à concepção enunciativo-discursiva (Mikhail Bakhtin, além da literatura sobre o tema masculinidade e feminilidade e a Educação Física. Foram acompanhadas as aulas de dois professores, sendo uma do sexo feminino e outro do sexo masculino, em duas escolas da cidade de Sumaré/SP. Os/as alunos/as das 5as séries - uma sala por escola - também constituíram o universo da pesquisa. Como forma de registro, foi utilizada a videogravação e o diário de campo. Foi possível identificar que muitas falas de alunas, alunos, professor e professora trazem indícios da internalização de valores e discursos, social e culturalmente construídos, que participam da institucionalização de certas normas, práticas e prioridades para cada gênero, sem, contudo, serem necessariamente percebidos.The article present treats of senses and meanings of femininity and masculinity in lessons of Physical Education. The theoretical adopted benchmarks are linked to the historical and cultural perspective (Lev Vygotsky and design enunciative-discursive (Mikhail Bakhtin, beyond the literature on the subject femininity and masculinity and the Physical Education. I followed the lessons of two teachers, one female and one male, in two schools of the city of Sumaré/SP. The 5th grades students- a room for school - also formed the universe of search. As a record was used to video and diary of field. It was possible to identify that many words of students, pupils, teachers and teacher bring evidence of the internalization of values and speeches, socially and culturally constructed, involved the institutionalization of certain standards, practices and priorities for each gender, without, however, not necessarily perceived.

  9. Estratégias de mediação em situação de interação entre crianças em sala de aula Strategies of mediating children’s interaction situations in classroom

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    Veriana de Fátima Rodrigues Colaço

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa cujo objetivo era investigar as estratégias de mediação simbólica em situações de interação entre crianças em sala de aula, que possibilitam a construção de conhecimento compartilhado e de subjetividades. O estudo foi realizado em duas turmas de quarta série do ensino fundamental de uma escola particular da cidade de Fortaleza. Foram tomadas como unidade de análise as atividades discursivas de dois grupos de quatros crianças, quando realizavam conjuntamente tarefas escolares. A partir de um enfoque teórico-metodológico fundamentado na perspectiva histórico-cultural de Lev Vygotsky e na teoria da linguagem de Mikhail Bakhtin, os diálogos das crianças foram analisados, identificando-se estratégias de natureza semiótica que potencializam o aprendizado e a emergência de zona de desenvolvimento proximal nas situações de interação das crianças, ao mesmo tempo em que formas de comunicação e conduta eram forjadas no jogo de papéis que se constituíam nessas interações.The present paper has provided research results that aimed at investigating strategies symbolically mediating children’s interaction situations in classroom enabling common knowledge and subjectivity construction. We have studied two primary school classes of the fourth year in a private school in Fortaleza, Ceará. We have analysed discursive activities of two four-child groups who worked together in learning tasks. We have focused on children’s dialogues, identifying semiotic strategies enabling learning and proximal development zone emergence in children’s interaction situations, all from a theoretical and methodological viewpoint based upon the historical and cultural perspective by Lev Vygotsky and the language theory by Mikhail Bakhtin, while communication and conduct practices were created in the game of roles that were formed in these interactions.

  10. O Apocalipse de Macbeth (1606

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    Ana Claudia de Souza de Oliveira

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available O legado criativo de Shakespeare é marcado pela arte da apropriação de obras de seu tempo e de eras passadas, como textos clássicos greco-romanos, mitologias, escritos medievais e renascentistas e outros. Ele inseriu em seus escritos inúmeros intertextos oriundos de múltiplas fontes, entre eles centenas de referências bíblicas. O presente artigo examina as tessituras bíblicas que permeiam a tragédia shakespeariana de Macbeth. O objetivo é evidenciar que o dramaturgo incorporou várias passagens e temas que encontrou na Bíblia. Por meio do método analítico-comparativo, o artigo mostra como Shakespeare realizou tais apropriações e como conseguiu contextualizá-las e ressignificá-las. Os principais recursos intertextuais usados por Shakespeare em seu processo escritural, tais como a citação, a alusão e a analogia, foram explorados à luz de considerações críticas teorizadas por Mikhail Bakhtin, Dominique Maingueneau e Tiphaine Samoyault.O legado criativo de Shakespeare é marcado pela arte da apropriação de obras de seu tempo e de eras passadas, como textos clássicos greco-romanos, mitologias, escritos medievais e renascentistas e outros. Ele inseriu em seus escritos inúmeros intertextos oriundos de múltiplas fontes, entre eles centenas de referências bíblicas. O presente artigo examina as tessituras bíblicas que permeiam a tragédia shakespeariana de Macbeth. O objetivo é evidenciar que o dramaturgo incorporou várias passagens e temas que encontrou na Bíblia. Por meio do método analítico-comparativo, o artigo mostra como Shakespeare realizou tais apropriações e como conseguiu contextualizá-las e ressignificá-las. Os principais recursos intertextuais usados por Shakespeare em seu processo escritural, tais como a citação, a alusão e a analogia, foram explorados à luz de considerações críticas teorizadas por Mikhail Bakhtin, Dominique Maingueneau e Tiphaine Samoyault.

  11. Apropriação do discurso de inovação curricular em química por professores do ensino médio: perspectivas e tensões Appropriation of a Chemistry curricular innovation discourse for secondary school teachers: perspectives and tensions

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    Murilo Cruz Leal

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar como professores do Ensino Médio se apropriam de um discurso de inovação curricular de Química. O estudo baseia-se em entrevistas realizadas com 12 professores participantes do PRÓ-MÉDIO e do PRÓ-CIÊNCIAS, programas de formação continuada e inovação curricular ocorridos em Minas Gerais de 1997 a 1999. A análise do discurso dos professores baseia-se na "metalingüística" de Mikhail Bakhtin, utilizando sobretudo os conceitos de apropriação do discurso do outro e polifonia. Assim, pudemos ouvir as diversas vozes que se fazem presentes no discurso de cada professor, num processo complexo de justificação, acordo, competição e dissimulação, dentre outras dinâmicas, criando e recriando sentidos de inovação. A experiência do professor ora é aliada da cultura escolar, na crítica aos discursos idealizados da academia, ora se contrapõe a certas práticas escolares tradicionais já desgastadas e faz-se aliada da inovação.The aim of this investigation is to analyze how secondary school teachers appropriate the discourse of chemistry curriculum innovation. The study is based on interviews carried out with 12 teachers who have taken part in the PRÓ-MÉDIO and PRÓ-CIÊNCIAS programs of continued training and innovation implemented in Minas Gerais State in Brazil, from 1997 to 1999. The appropriation of the innovation discourse by the teachers is dealt with based on the "metalinguistic" perspective of Mikhail Bakhtin, using mainly the concepts of appropriation of the discourse of the other and polyphony. Thus, it was possible to listen to the different voices within the discourse of each teacher, in a complex process of justification, accordance, competition and dissimulation, among other dynamics, creating and re-creating the meanings of innovation. The teacher's experience sometimes acts as an ally to the school culture in the criticism of idealized academic discourses; sometimes it is in

  12. Fome, comida e bebida na música popular brasileira: um breve ensaio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo reflete sobre como as temáticas fome, consumo de refrigerantes e consumo de feijão com arroz são enfocadas na música popular brasileira. Investigamos os anos de ditadura militar (1964-1985. O foco da análise é a chamada canção de protesto, gênero musical caracterizado por críticas estético-cultural, político-ideológica e social aos governos militares. Tomando como referencial teórico os estudos de ideologia e filosofia da linguagem de Mikhail Bakhtin, evidenciamos que a canção de protesto retratou elementos dos contextos econômico, político e social, e propiciou a difusão de hábitos e ideologias alimentares saudáveis ou não saudáveis, contribuindo para a construção da identidade alimentar brasileira.

  13. Applying Intersubjectivity for Professional Development

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    Uvaldina Montoya Janecek

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This is an intersubjective review of Loewen, G. V. (2012. Hermeneutic Pedagogy: Teaching and learning as dialogue and interpretation. Alcoa, TN, USA. Old Moon Academic Press. The four authors of the review used a reflective-reflexive, dialogic process to interpret and analyze Loewen’s text. Their review is presented in a dialogue format that resulted after analyzing a much longer set of narrative data.[1][1] Editorial Note: This is a very unusual review! There are four points of interest that make this review an interesting read. The first one concerns the subject of the review: the book on hermeneutics. The second point is the form of the review: it is dialogue between the authors presented in its development. The third point of interest is the personal nature of the contents: the authors masterly show how their work on the review of the book penetrates their lives thus showing the real life with its changes, happiness, sadness, struggles and tribulations. The last point of interest that makes this review worth to be read  is the pioneering character of the work behind this review. Glenda Moss used this review as a tool for professional development for the colleagues in her department. In my humble opinion, this review is the result of the very courageous, pioneering and inspirational work! (Mikhail Gradovski

  14. The Abel Prize 2008-2012

    CERN Document Server

    Piene, Ragni

    2014-01-01

    Covering the years 2008-2012, this book profiles the life and work of recent winners of the Abel Prize:   ·         John G. Thompson and Jacques Tits, 2008 ·         Mikhail Gromov, 2009 ·         John T. Tate Jr., 2010 ·         John W. Milnor, 2011 ·         Endre Szemerédi, 2012. The profiles feature autobiographical information as well as a description of each mathematician's work. In addition, each profile contains a complete bibliography, a curriculum vitae, as well as photos — old and new. As an added feature, interviews with the Laureates are presented on an accompanying web site (http://extras.springer.com/).   The book also presents a  history of the Abel Prize written by the historian Kim Helsvig, and includes a facsimile of a letter from Niels Henrik Abel, which is transcribed, translated into English, and placed into historical perspective by Christian Skau.    This book follows on The Abel Prize: 2003-2007, The First Five Years (Springer, 2010),...

  15. Daimoniono įvaizdis ir subjekto raiškos formos Czesławo Miłoszo poezijoje | The concept of Daemonion and forms of subject expression in the poetry of Czesław Miłosz

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    Erika Malažinskaitė

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the poetry of Czesław Miłosz as a field of intersubjective relationships, referring to the aesthetics of Mikhail Bakhtin. In the collection “Oca­lenie” (1945, the subject is viewed as a mediator, and this is more fully elaborated in the later poetical works of Miłosz. Various ways of expressing the subject “I” as the mediator actualize its problematic status and intersubjective relationships, its dialogue with the ot­her characters of other poetical texts. Poetical charac­ters differ in either being dead (and thus existing only in memory related with biographical texts or acting in another world (God and Daemonion. The subject gives voice to characters of the other world and in this way becomes a mediator. A specific emphasis is given to the concept of Daemonion. The paper ana­lyses different texts in which this image appears, and morphs. A question arises whether Daemonion is a character, or whether it is related to the complicated issue of form and content. To conclude, Daemonion appearing in poetry is the form itself. Also presented are various forms of the expressed subject (subject-witness, subject-chronicler, subject-shaman, which are related to the changing poetry, and the visual development of the characters.

  16. A Staged Reading of the Play: Reykjavik

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Reykjavik is the capital of Iceland, an island country located about 500 miles northwest of Scotland in the North Atlantic. In 1986 Mikhail Gorbachev, the Chairman of the Politburo of the Soviet Union and General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party, invited Ronald Reagan, the President of the United States, to meet with him. The play Reykjavik is a dramatic reconstruction of the two-day summit meeting during which the world leaders almost reached agreement on the total abolition of their countries' nuclear weapons. The play uses the actual transcripts of the Reykjavik meeting as well as the memoirs of both Reagan and Gorbachev. Join us for a dramatic staged reading of Reykjavik and find out how close the two superpowers, the Soviet Union and the United States, came to eliminating their nuclear weapons. He playwright is Richard Rhodes, the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of 24 books. He has written his first play, and it spins off of his research into the history of nuclear weapons. The staged reading is performed by the Washington based Tonic Theater Company: http://www.tonictheater.org/[tonictheater.org]. After the performance, the play director and actors as well as experts on nuclear disarmament will be available for a talk-back discussion of the play with the audience. Produced by Brian Schwartz, Brooklyn College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and Gregory Mack of the APS Washington office.

  17. Cuba's oil crisis spells trouble for Castro; Opportunity for foreign petroleum investment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-07-06

    This paper reports on Cuba's oil crisis which presents long term woes for the government of Fidel Castro but new opportunities for foreign petroleum investment. That's the main thesis of a study by East-West Center (EWC), Honolulu. Since the cutoff of subsidized oil supplies from the former Soviet Union at the first of the year, Cuba has endured a crippling loss of export revenues and draconian energy rationing measures at home. The Soviets had reduced oil supplies to Cuba since 1989 after decades of providing the Castro government with subsidized oil supplies. Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev exempted Cuba from paying market prices for Soviet oil in 1991 while requiring that of Soviet trading partners in eastern Europe. With the collapse of Communism in the former U.S.S.R., however, oil supplies from that region are available to Cuba only at market prices and for hard currency. That has triggered a crisis in the Western Hemisphere's sole Communist regime as Cuba's gross special product - equivalent to GNP - fell by 5% in 1990 and a further 20% in 1991. The foreign exchange loss of $1.6 billion stemming from the loss of Soviet subsidized oil supplies exceeds that of total foreign exchange earnings from all other sources. If Cuba imports oil in 1989 volumes at current prices, its oil import tab alone will be $1.3 billion, EWC projects.

  18. Feast of fools : the carnivalesque in John Kennedy Toole's A confederacy of dunces

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    Julija Potrč

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that the action in John Kennedy Toole's novel A Confederacy of Dunces has often been compared to a carnival, there is little that the maincharacter, Ignatius Reilly, has in common with those participating in a true medieval carnival as described by Mikhail Bakhtin in Rabelais and His World. Ignatius tries to assert his superiority over others both with his speech and behavior, violating the principal rule of carnivalesque equality, and is aggressively opposed to sexuality, which was a deeply positive concept in the carnival culture, symbolizing fertility, growth, and new birth. A greatsource of humor in the novel is the difference between the highly educated speech used by Ignatius and the vernacular spoken by other characters. This difference was successfully transposed into Slovene by translator Nuša Rozman, who managed to capture the differences between social classes by using various degrees of colloquialisms and slang expressions, while opting to nevertheless transcribe the characters' speech in a way that is grammatically correct; a practice that has long been present in both original and translated Slovene literature, which highlights the fact that despite an increase in the number of works written in the vernacular over the past years, a universal standard on how to transcribe spoken Slovene has yet to be established.

  19. A polifonia linguística = Linguistic polyphony

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    Carel, Marion

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Situando-se no contexto de estudos sobre a polifonia, no qual distingue os trabalhos de Oswald Ducrot (polifonia semântica, e os de Mikhail Bakhtin (polifonia intertextual, o artigo propõe-se a tratar da polifonia criada por Oswald Ducrot. Discute, então, se a pressuposição é realmente fonte de polifonia, concluindo que existem duas formas de pressuposição: a argumentativa e a polifônica. Analisa igualmente a noção de “responsabilidade enunciativa”, vendo-a como uma “multiplicidade de responsabilidades”, inferindo daí o papel e a natureza das vozes mobilizadas pela polifonia semântica. Apresenta finalmente sua Teoria Argumentativa da Polifonia que desenvolve com Oswald Ducrot e Alfredo Lescano, inspirada tanto nos conceitos de história e discurso de Benveniste quanto na polifonia de Ducrot. Com isso, distingue a polifonia linguística da polifonia intertextual

  20. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Bigsby, Christopher. Remembering and Imagining the Holocaust: The Chain of Memory by Roxane Riegler Bruce, Iris. Kafka and Cultural Zionism. Dates in Palestine by Bettina Matthias Haase, Christine. When Heimat Meets Hollywood: German Filmmakers and America, 1985-2005 by Maria Stehle Herzog, Dagmar. Sex after Fascism: Memory and Morality in Twentieth-Century Germany by Sabine Hake Iossel, Mikhail and Jeff Parker. Amerika. Russian Writers View the United States by Yuliya Minkova Macksey, Richard and Eugenio Donato, eds. The Structuralist Controversy: The Languages of Criticism and the Sciences of Man by Safoi Babana-Hampton Magnarelli, Sharon. Home is Where the (Heart Is: The Family Romance in Late Twentieth-Century Mexican and Argentine Theater by Margo Milleret Matthias, Bettina. The Hotel as Setting in Early Twentieth-Century German and Austrian Literature: Checking in to Tell a Story by Susanne Kelley McGlothlin, Erin. Second-Generation Holocaust Literature: Legacies of Survival and Perpetration by Jennifer Cameron Taberner, Stuart, ed. Contemporary German Fiction: Writing in the Berlin Republic by Alexandra Merley Hill Walter Frisch. German Modernism: Music and the Arts by Jill Suzanne Smith

  1. “ALL THE NAMES”, BY JOSÉ SARAMAGO: A TEXT WITHIN FOLDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cecília Rogers Paranhos

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at developing an analysis about the presence of baroque traits in the novel Todos os Nomes by José Saramago. For this purpose it will be used, above all, reflexions of Gilles Deleuze in his work A Dobra: Leibniz e o Barroco, in which, beyond the question of the endless double and its respective unfoldings, it will be studied the question of the individual moving and the voluntary free act that conduct to the final act, as well as the analysis of the unfinished man and unmutable concepts determined by rigid systems, marks of Baroque’s century and visible in our contemporary society. On the other way, the study aims at evidencing the novel’s narrative technique in order to report them to the daily adventure’s theme and to the modern anti-hero, as also as to the carnival literature, and, for that, I will make a lecture of Problemas da Poética de Dostoievski from Mikhail Bakhtin.

  2. As contribuições do dialogismo de Bakhtin e do signo em Umberto Eco para o ensino de língua estrangeira

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    Sandra Regina Silva

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discute o dialogismo em Mikhail Bakhtin e a fundamentação do signo linguístico em Umberto Eco, com a intenção de utilizar os referidos temas e autores, para subsidiar as metodologias de ensino-aprendizado de língua estrangeira (inglês e espanhol na rede de ensino público paulista. A abordagem conceitual dos dois autores nos permite inferir que o aprendizado de uma língua estrangeira é efetivado pela apropriação de enunciados e de conhecimento cultural, uma concepção pedagógica que confronta o método tradicional utilizado no ensino paulista, que é baseado, principalmente, no ensino de gramática e de léxicos. O artigo deriva da pesquisa teórica utilizada para subsidiar de uma dissertação de mestrado, que levanta e avalia preliminarmente, a integração das salas tradicionais de língua estrangeira nas escolas de ensino público, com ambientes digitais (em cursos on-line, e também os efeitos didático-pedagógicos da utilização de material audiovisual presencial e online.

  3. Exchange of equipment between CERN and JINR

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    The drift chambers of the former NA48 experiment have recently left CERN to be installed in the MPD experiment at the future NICA accelerator in Dubna, Russia. As a counterpart, the JINR Laboratory will produce drift chambers for the new NA62 experiment. This operation is a fruitful exchange of technology that profits both laboratories and enhances their collaboration.   On 22 July, in the occasion of the departure of the chambers from CERN, Mikhail Itkis (centre), acting Director of the JIINR visited the NA62 experimental area accompanied by Rolf Heuer (left), CERN Director General and Ferdinand Hahn, NA62 technical Co-ordinator. The NA48 drift chambers were overhauled in 2000 and employed until 2008. With a total of 110 kilometres of wire soldered to a very high degree of precision, the four drift chambers were a crucial element of the experimental kaon programme at CERN. The chambers are now moving to a new challenge as they will be re-used by the Multi Purpose Detector (MPD) experiment, under...

  4. We await for the F¨uhrer’s orders: the Nazi perversion in cinematography

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    Renata Aparecida Frigeri

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to investigate the ideological and intertextual parallels between Triumph of the Will, the movie, produced by Leni Riefenstahl and the book Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler. Triumph of the Will is the film registry of the National Socialist Party in 1934, at the city of Nuremberg and Mein Kampf was written by Hitler in 1924 while He was in jail; the book aims to guide the members of the Nazi party. For this, the research resumes History by the Nazi’s rise using authors like Elias Canetti (1995 and Hannah Arendt (1989; we also study German film production by Siegrief Kracauer (1988. After, this work investigates the movies made by Riefenstahl from Ray Müller’s documentary (1993, and also by the book from Steven Bach (2008 and Riefenstahl’s autobiography (1991. This research constitutes as metodology the books by Mikhail Bakhtin (2010, Robert Stam (1992 and Jacques Durand (1973, to make the movie’s découpage we use Laurent Jullier and Michel Marie (2009. We separated sixteen movie scenes and they were compared between each other to investigate if the movie was made to be seen by all of the german people, to convince them about the Nazi’s ideal – originally present and described in Mein Kampf.

  5. For another mise-en-scène: polyphony and affectivity in the movie Welcome

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    Eliane de Oliveira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditionally known as a country of respect for human rights and political asylum in recent years France received notoriety by intolerance and expulsion of immigrants. Many of these situations are present in Welcome (Philippe Lioret, 2009 and provoked an intense social and political debate over immigration. The media visibility of different issues about the subject – which was possible because of the movie – ended with the expiration of the crime of solidarity, a law which punished french citizens who helped undocumented immigrants. To understand the presented situations by the movie, we use the studies of Zygmunt Bauman (1999, 2005, 2007 and 2009, contextualizing the movie and its production. Then, we discuss the imagetical construction process based on the concepts of Orientalism by Edward Said (2007, and Eurocentrism by Ella Shohat and Robert Stam (2006, and France’s specificities about racism, using the work of Albert Memmi (1993 and Michel Wieviorka (1998. The presence of the immigrant in Welcome was identified with polyphonic qualities, according to Mikhail Bakhtin’s perspective of polyphony. From the study of Luís Nogueira’s cinematographic specificities and the concepts of image, affection and visage by Gilles Deleuze (1985, 1995 we understand that the use of close ups aimed to produce an individualization of the immigrant and an affection for him. This way, we believe that Welcome cooperates in the sense of rising new possibilities of the immigrant’s fiction image, as well as about other minorities.

  6. The grotesque satire of Michail Bulgakov’s ‘povesti’: Russia tragic carnivalization in the Twenties

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    Cheti Traini

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available At the end of 1921 Mikhail Bulgakov, a young doctor from Kiev with literary expectations, finally moved to Moscow. The capital of the new Soviet world is entering into the Nep’s years, featured by the figure of a new social climber, the nepman. Moscow and the entire Russia are changing, by staging a kind of huge Carnival of which Bulgakov chooses to portrait its contradictory and paradoxal nature throughout the instruments of a grotesque satire. The writer intends to represent the relativity and absurdity of situations that cross the threshold of reality to penetrate the world of paradox and absurd, where mistaken identities, amazing discoveries and unlikely experiments may be read as dethronizations of inauthentic heroes, unmasking of false myths, tragi-comic teasing of the authoritarian word. This paper analyses three examples of the bulgakovian satire in the ‘povesti’ D’javoliada,  Rokovye jajca e Sobač’e serdce and, with the aid of Bachtin’s interpretations, it suggests a new reading of the three writings and an insight into the reasons for the choice of the satirical genre in the whole literary work of the writer.

  7. Roberto Bolaño: the Declension of «I»

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    Zofia Grzesiak

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between autobiography and fiction, as well as the phenomenon of the double, are one of the most popular subjects among the investigators of the works of Roberto Bolaño. Many critics intend to “open” his texts with a “factual key” and discover his truth, describe his way of mixing reality with fantasy. In other words, one of the central problems in Roberto Bolaño’s ouvre is the phnomenon of the autofiction. Instead of participating in the terminological discussions surrounding the subject, in this essay I propose an approach to the different sides of Bolaño through a juxtaposition of three ideas: the dialogism of Mikhail Bakhtin, the “paralactic mode” of Hal Foster and, specifically, the “sylleptic subject” described by a Polish scholar, Ryszard Nycz. These theoretical devices facilitate the description of the process in which Bolaño effectuates the declination of his own identity. The essay consists of a metaphor drawned form the texts of Jorge Luis Boges, a response to other critical readings of Bolaño’s autofiction and an analysis of the literary investigations described by the chilean author. It is concluded by an approach to the “savagery”, Bolaño’s intrinsic condition which reveals itself in the labyrinthic paradigm of his “I”.

  8. The sublime and the grotesque: obscenity in Hilda Hilst

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    Jo A-mi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The present work aims to discuss the dialogical relationship between sublime and grotesque in the work A obscena Senhora D by Hilda Hilst, based on its status of contemporary fiction permeated by reconditioning of the language in its performance in the non-linear time. In this sense, it was used studies of the sublime, as a historical and philosophical and literary concept in the works of Longinus, Edmund Burke, Immanuel Kant, Victor Hugo and François Lyotard; issues relating to discussions on the grotesque and its dialogue with the sublime ways, the works of Mikhail Bakhtin and Michel Maffesoli had great importance - the poetic and obscene relationship of the work discussed in convergent concepts such as obscenity, eroticism, sacred and profane. From these analyzes, it was concluded that in A obscena senhora D the sublime and the grotesque show in a multifaceted character, contradictory, interlocutory, and therefore not exclusionary: solidifying the hybrid linguistic-imagistic flow of the hilstiana literature.

  9. Intertextualidade: considerações em torno do dialogismo

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    Ricardo Zani

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem a finalidade de contribuir para o reconhecimento do que se convencionou chamar por dialogismo, quando estudado por Mikhail Bakhtin através das obras do escritor francês François Rabelais e outros autores. As propriedades do dialogismo tornaram-se, posteriormente, focos de estudos para pesquisadores como Julia Kristeva, Robert Stam, Diana da Luz e José L. Fiorin, adquirindo também a denominação de intertextualidade e até mesmo de antropofagia, à medida em que um discurso, qualquer que seja este, remete-se a outros ao construir o seu nexo. Surgido no meio literário, o fenômeno dialógico ou intertextual pode ser aplicado à outras mídias como as artes plásticas, o cinema e a publicidade, enquanto estas travam um diálogo com diversas vozes (discursos, sendo perfeitamente reconhecidas, retrabalhadas e apresentando-se com desempenhos diferenciados de suas antecessoras. Como tal, o discurso dialógico é reconhecido quando uma relação entre vozes distintas é mostrada e não há uma necessidade de rompimento com seus modelos, influências e predecessores, ou seja, com a sua relação histórica.

  10. Dialogando com Bakhtin: algumas contribuições para a compreensão das interações verbais no campo da saúde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Torres Corrêa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Com base na ideia de que as necessidades de, e as intervenções em saúde são condições e ações humanas permeadas e construídas, com frequência, por atos comunicativos, este artigo discute categorias centrais do pensamento do filósofo da linguagem Mikhail Bakhtin tais como: dialogia, enunciado, gênero e polifonia como referencial para a análise de interações verbais no campo da saúde. Bakhtin desenvolve um pensamento cujo fundamento é a natureza social da linguagem, entendendo que a comunicação de cada época e de cada grupo social reflete as condições específicas e as finalidades dos respectivos campos da sociedade. Para ele, o sujeito se constitui discursivamente ao apreender vozes alheias e é integralmente social e singular. Tomando como referência essa constituição social e singular dos indivíduos, o artigo também apresenta, de forma seminal, uma proposição prática para a construção de espaços e de atividades no campo da saúde.

  11. Novo Jornalismo: fronteiras litero-factuais em A sangue Frio e em Radical Chique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Aquinei Timóteo Queirós

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa busca analisar de que forma fato e ficção se entrecruzam no “movimento” do Novo Jornalismo, a partir das obras A sangue Frio e Radical Chique e o Novo Jornalismo, de Truman Capote e Tom Wolfe, respectivamente. Pretende-se, a partir da investigação do corpus em estudo, revelar os aspectos que aproximam o fato jornalístico, a notícia e a reportagem às técnicas literárias do romance, do conto e da crônica. O estudo investiga o Novo Jornalismo sob o viés de textos centrais das áreas de teoria literária e estudos jornalísticos utilizando autores como Mikhail Bakhtin, Hayden White, Paul Ricoeur, Muniz Sodré; além de referenciar outros escritores que, como Tom Wolfe e Truman Capote, fizeram parte de um grande movimento renovador do jornalismo literário nos anos 1950, 1960 e 1970 chamado, genericamente, de Novo Jornalismo.

  12. Joint modelling of annual maximum drought severity and corresponding duration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tosunoglu, Fatih; Kisi, Ozgur

    2016-12-01

    In recent years, the joint distribution properties of drought characteristics (e.g. severity, duration and intensity) have been widely evaluated using copulas. However, history of copulas in modelling drought characteristics obtained from streamflow data is still short, especially in semi-arid regions, such as Turkey. In this study, unlike previous studies, drought events are characterized by annual maximum severity (AMS) and corresponding duration (CD) which are extracted from daily streamflow of the seven gauge stations located in Çoruh Basin, Turkey. On evaluation of the various univariate distributions, the Exponential, Weibull and Logistic distributions are identified as marginal distributions for the AMS and CD series. Archimedean copulas, namely Ali-Mikhail-Haq, Clayton, Frank and Gumbel-Hougaard, are then employed to model joint distribution of the AMS and CD series. With respect to the Anderson Darling and Cramér-von Mises statistical tests and the tail dependence assessment, Gumbel-Hougaard copula is identified as the most suitable model for joint modelling of the AMS and CD series at each station. Furthermore, the developed Gumbel-Hougaard copulas are used to derive the conditional and joint return periods of the AMS and CD series which can be useful for designing and management of reservoirs in the basin.

  13. Re-authoring research conversations: beyond epistemological differences and toward transformative experience for researchers and educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Shawn M.

    2016-03-01

    Common sense and published literature both assert that education research is often dismissed by practitioners on the grounds that it is irrelevant to their work. Some have argued that this is due primarily to a mismatch of professional epistemologies. While agreeing in principle, this work draws on work in sociology (Erving Goffman) and literary theory (Mikhail Bakhtin) to argue that practitioner mistrust of research may be primarily related to differences in the presentation of self in the teaching (and research) profession and a history of research used as a tool of transgression in the authorship of the practitioner professional self. Goffman's account of frontstage and backstage settings in the everyday presentation of self is combined with Bakhtin's account of the ways research erases the voice of practitioners by reducing their fundamentally dialogic experiences to monologic narratives dominated by the voice of the researcher. As an alternative, I draw on the work of the research psychologist Jerome Bruner and the practicing clinical psychologist Michael White to explore ways in which practitioners might be more meaningfully engaged in the research enterprise through a process of re-narrativizing their own experiences captured as part of research. Narrative techniques that help share responsibility for authoring accounts of practice among researchers and practitioners as research participants are described leading to conclusions about the potential transformative nature of such work for both researchers and practitioners.

  14. Overcoming Information Aesthetics: In Defense of a Non-Quantitative Informational Understanding of Artworks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Hernández-Ramírez

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Attempts to describe aesthetic artefacts through informational models have existed at least since the late 1950s; but they have not been as successful as their proponents expected nor are they popular among art scholars because of their (mostly quantitative nature. However, given how information technology has deeply shifted every aspect of our world, it is fair to ask whether aesthetic value continues to be immune to informational interpretations. This paper discusses the ideas of the late Russian biophysicist, Mikhail Volkenstein concerning art and aesthetic value. It contrasts them with Max Bense’s ‘information aesthetics’, and with contemporary philosophical understandings of information. Overall, this paper shows that an informational but not necessarily quantitative approach serves not only as an effective means to describe our interaction with artworks, but also contributes to explain why purely quantitative models struggle to formalise aesthetic value. Finally, it makes the case that adopting an informational outlook helps overcome the ‘analogue vs digital’ dichotomy by arguing the distinction is epistemological rather than ontological, and therefore the two notions need not be incompatible.

  15. BAKHTIN: THE DANGERS OF DIALOGUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Khorev

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the relation to the Other - the underlying aspect of dialogism - in the works of Mikhail Bakhtin. His approach to heterology (science or knowledge of the Other is fundamental to analysis of such themes of his oeuvre as carnival (laughter, history, and economy of human existence. On a certain stage it appears, that two configurations may be distinguished in Bakhtin's conception of the Other. First, the Other dominated and apprropriated by the subject, or Author, or Self in the dialogic relation – it is only a provisional Other. The second is the irreducible Other, outside the possibility of adequate knowledge and thus potentially excluded from dialogue. Thus, the end of dialogue, the silence remains as a dark shadow on the horizon of the meaningful discursive logic. Moreover, the concepts of meaning and truth itself seem to be jeopardized here, since «answers to questions is what I call 'meanings'» (Bakhtin. Nevertheless, Bakhtin never openly questions the fundamental values of knowledge and final truth; his position may be summed up thus: «The truth is out there. Only it is probably not cognizable to an individual. Or may be not to anybody».

  16. Fortellerstrategier og leserhenvendelser i nordisk barnekrim: LasseMaja og Detektivbyrå nr. 2

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    Guanio-Uluru, Lykke

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article draws on Gerard Genette’s concept of paratext, Mikhail Bakhtin’s discourse on carnival, Ingeborg Mjør’s work on the truth value of iconotexts and Tzvetan Todorov’s typology of detective fiction to analyze the narrative form, character gallery, visual style and paratextual communication of two popular Scandinavian crime fiction series for young readers: Martin Widmark and Helena Willis’ Swedish LasseMaja series and Jørn Lier Horst and Jørgen Sandnes’ Norwegian series about Detektivbyrå nr. 2. The article argues that although both series follow the classical form of the “whodunit”, their address to the child reader markedly differs. While Widmark and Willis’ series establishes a carnevalesque subversion of the child-adult power hierarchy, Horst and Sandnes’ series draws on the rhetoric of non-fiction to establish a more didactic and educational frame of reading that works to maintain adults as powerful due to their “real world” knowledge and know-how.

  17. PREFACE: XVII International Scientific Conference ''RESHETNEV READINGS''

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The International Scientific Conference ''RESHETNEV READINGS'' is dedicated to the memory of Mikhail Reshetnev, an outstanding scientist, chief-constructor of space-rocket systems and communication satellites. The current volume represents selected proceedings of the main conference materials which were published by XVII International Scientific Conference ''RESHETNEV READINGS'' held on November 12 - 14, 2013. Plenary sessions, round tables and forums will be attended by famous scientists, developers and designers representing the space technology sector, as well as professionals and experts in the IT industry. A number of outstanding academic figures expressed their interest in an event of such a level including Jaures Alferov, Vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Academician of RAS, Nobel laureate, Dirk Bochar, General Secretary of the European Federation of National Engineering Associates (FEANI), Prof. Yuri Gulyaev, Academician of RAS, Member of the Presidium of RAS, President of the International Union of Scientific and Engineering Associations, Director of the Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics of RAS, as well as rectors of the largest universities in Russia, chief executives of well-known research enterprises and representatives of big businesses. We would like to thank our main sponsors such as JSC ''Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems'', JSC ''Krasnoyarsk Engineering Plant'', Central Design Bureau ''Geophysics'', Krasnoyarsk Region Authorities. These enterprises and companies are leading ones in the aerospace branch. It is a great pleasure to cooperate and train specialists for them.

  18. DETECTION OF BACTERIA IN FOODSTUFF BY MACHINE LEARNING METHODS

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    A. P. Saenko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with an actual problem of ensuring the control of foodstuff quality by means of machine learning methods. Existing analysis methods require special laboratory environment, significant time and depend on the qualification and some physiological characteristics of an expert while the suggested method gives the possibility to decrease significantly the costs due to automatization. The mobile analysis platform performing this method is based on the fluorescence microscopy. The problem of the object classification as either “bacterium” or “third-party artifact” was solved for the test data with some classification algorithms as support vector machine, random forest, decision tree C4.5, k-nearest neighbors, Bayes method. The analysis showed that the most effective algorithms are support vector machine and random forest. This research is performed on the Mechatronics Department of Saint Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics and the Quality Assurance and Industrial Image Processing Department of Ilmenau University of Technology with the support of the program “Mikhail Lomonosov” of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia and the German Academic Exchange Service.

  19. Dialogic language theory: grammar teaching in Bakhtin's perspective

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    Miriam Bauab Puzzo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to articulate Bakhtin’s and the Circle’s theory of language with pedagogical teaching of grammar exhibited in the recently published notes of Mikhail Bakhtin's "Dialogic origin and dialogic pedagogy of Grammar", translated into English in 2004, and still little known among us. These notes illustrate an aspect of his theory focused on the practical application in grammatical classes. Although some practice this proposal is not new to the teaching of grammar in Brazil, with a view to Othon M. Garcia’s work Communication in modern prose (2000, we must point out similarities and differences in view of the implicit theory that argues Bakhtin's reflections. Although, in this text, the author does not mention his discursive theory, it is implicit in the notes about grammar proposed by him. To accomplish with this proposal, it resorts to both common aspects discussed by Garcia as for Bakhtin, punctuating the difference: on one hand seen as grammar and stylistic feature of the grammar applied to other genres considering the concept that extends the Garcia’s consideration about parataxis and hipotaxis, on the other, extending it to immediate context of production and circulation of utterances, considering the generic and individual style.

  20. Science learning in the context of discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    do Nascimento, Silvania Sousa

    2013-06-01

    The original article by Kamberelis and Wehunt (2012) discusses an interesting and important research subject in science education as it focus on classroom interactions and the characteristics of the discourse production of interlocutors. The authors start from the premise that discourse heterogeneity is constitutive of social activities, which is supported by others like Mikhail Bakhtin (Speech genres and other late essays. University of Texas Press, Austin, 1981) and Erving Goffman (Frame analysis: an essay on the organization of experience. Harper and Row, London, 1974). They also present the definitions of three key elements that organize hybrid discourse: (a) lamination of multiple cultural frames, (b) shifting relations between people and their discourse, and (c) shifting power relations between people. Finally, the authors analyze how these three elements organize students' science discourse in the classroom and how it contributes to the creation of a micro-community of practice capable of helping the emergence of a disciplinary knowledge that is legitimized by and strengthens the identity of the group. In the present commentary, I discuss how Michael Foucault's (1970) concept of discursive procedure may help us to analyze the (often neglected) teacher's role in the development of hybrid discourse practices.

  1. Two bullets to the head and an early winter: fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushchayev, Sergiy V; Belykh, Evgenii; Fishchenko, Yakiv; Salei, Aliaksei; Teytelboym, Oleg M; Shabaturov, Leonid; Cruse, Mark; Preul, Mark C

    2015-07-01

    General Mikhail Kutuzov (circa 1745-1813) brilliantly repelled Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Honored as a national hero and a savior of Russia, Kutuzov has a unique medical story. He was shot in the head twice while fighting the Turks (1774 and 1788) and survived the serious injuries seemingly against all odds. The first bullet "ran through the head from one temple to the other behind both eyes." The second bullet entered the cheek, destroyed upper teeth, traveled through the head, and exited the occiput. Massot, a French surgeon with the Russian army, wrote after treating Kutuzov's seemingly two mortal wounds: "It must be believed that fate appoints Kutuzov to something great, because he was still alive after two injuries, a death sentence by all the rules of medical science." Aided by Massot's expert surgical technique, Kutuzov lived to become intimately engaged in events that altered world history. His health did, however, suffer significant effects due to the bullet wounds. In 1812, as Napoleon's Grande Armée approached, Kutuzov realized he could not confront Napoleon and he strategically retreated from Moscow, submitting the French to the harsh winter and Russian cavalry. Napoleon's devastated army retreated to Paris, and Kutuzov became the personification of Russian spirit and character. Kutuzov's survival of two nearly mortal head wounds created the legends, additional mystery, and drama surrounding him, not the least astonishing of which was the skilled neurosurgical care that probably saved his life.

  2. Tradução coletiva e ilustração: estética da criação cinematográfica em Jane Austen

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    Lemuel da Cruz Gandara

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7917.2015v20n2p67 A partir de recortes metonímicos dos romances Razão e sentimento (1811, Orgulho e preconceito (1813, Emma (1815 e Persuasão (1817, escritos pela autora inglesa Jane Austen (1775-1817, propomos fazer uma análise comparativa entre os textos literários, as ilustrações feitas por Hugh Thomson no final de século XIX e as imagens fílmicas criadas entre os anos de 1995 e 2005. Nosso objetivo é confrontar passagens para encontrarmos aproximações e distanciamentos dialógicos entre elas. Tal perspectiva revela as interpretações realizadas por diversos leitores ao longo dos anos e as recepções da escritora inglesa em contextos e meios diversos. Nossa reflexão crítica e teórica tem como base os estudos do filósofo russo Mikhail Bakhtin sobre a estética da criação literária e se amplifica nos conceitos de cinema literário, tradução coletiva e estética da criação cinematográfica.

  3. Słowacki is writing a drama...

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    Marek Troszyński

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Słowacki pisze dramat... (Słowacki is writing a drama... is dedicated to dramatic fragments. By outnumbering Słowacki’s other works from the years 1839–1849, they determine the specificity of his entire work in this period and call for recognition as an overall phenomenon. On the basis of two works, the article presents unique issues related to these dramas. Walter Stadion is an example of a chaotic record which has seen diverse interpretative reconstructions by its editors. Książę Michał Twerski (Prince Mikhail Tversky provides insights into the poet’s writing technique and a possibility to confront the work’s text with his excerpts from historical works and his personal notes. In the last part, the analysis has been based on the terminology used in the research of Słowacki’s completed dramas (such as W. Szturc’s dramatic “istopes” or K. Ziemba’s miniature prefigurations. The term “fractal”, placed in reference to these notions, is a new proposal presented in the article, in which a description of the work’s formal structure is combined with higher levels of its meaning.

  4. The center-cut solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firnstahl, T W

    1993-01-01

    Timothy Firnstahl owns five successful restaurants in Seattle, but he recently came very close to owning none. In the early 1990s, he found himself, like so many restauranteurs, facing rising costs, inefficient management, and a recession. Confronting financial annihilation, Firnstahl had to act quickly: since he had no peripherals to trim, he cut off the head of his company. Remarkably, it worked. Firnstahl's problem was his new and innovative restaurant, Sharps Fresh Roasting. The heart of the Sharps concept was a unique long-roasting technique that made lean, inexpensive meats taste as juicy and delicious as fattier, expensive cuts. The process also lent itself to faster service and lower labor costs. But it wasn't working. Sharps wasn't breaking even, and his other restaurants couldn't make up the difference. He needed a solution fast. Firnstahl got his answer from Mikhail Gorbachev: slash the centralized command and liberate the company. In doing so, he would also transfer virtually all power and responsibility to his line managers. And after five months of intensive study and planning, he accomplished what he set out to do. He fired most of his corporate staff, empowered his restaurant managers with "100% Power and Responsibility," and, finally, undertook a massive promotion campaign. A year later, Sharps Fresh Roasting is the gold mine Firnstahl always believed it could be. He's done away with bureaucracy and turned business around in a down market. All this because his managers are managing themselves.

  5. Splign: algorithms for computing spliced alignments with identification of paralogs

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    Tatusova Tatiana

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The computation of accurate alignments of cDNA sequences against a genome is at the foundation of modern genome annotation pipelines. Several factors such as presence of paralogs, small exons, non-consensus splice signals, sequencing errors and polymorphic sites pose recognized difficulties to existing spliced alignment algorithms. Results We describe a set of algorithms behind a tool called Splign for computing cDNA-to-Genome alignments. The algorithms include a high-performance preliminary alignment, a compartment identification based on a formally defined model of adjacent duplicated regions, and a refined sequence alignment. In a series of tests, Splign has produced more accurate results than other tools commonly used to compute spliced alignments, in a reasonable amount of time. Conclusion Splign's ability to deal with various issues complicating the spliced alignment problem makes it a helpful tool in eukaryotic genome annotation processes and alternative splicing studies. Its performance is enough to align the largest currently available pools of cDNA data such as the human EST set on a moderate-sized computing cluster in a matter of hours. The duplications identification (compartmentization algorithm can be used independently in other areas such as the study of pseudogenes. Reviewers This article was reviewed by: Steven Salzberg, Arcady Mushegian and Andrey Mironov (nominated by Mikhail Gelfand.

  6. Cidades-experimentações: para inscrição numa (estética da aprendizagem enquanto acontecimento

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    Margarete Axt

    Full Text Available Resumo Este texto, ao adentrar os muitos planos traçados por uma história de pesquisa e formação esculpida numa zona de interferência com a filosofia, em especial com Gilles Deleuze, Henri Bergson e Mikhail Bakhtin, discorre sobre como a temática da cidade vai se tornando expressiva em seu devir experimentação, sugerindo um efeito-labirinto de nós em rede-de-nós, que não para de se bifurcar e, paradoxalmente, também não para de, em nós, se condensar como um efeito-cidade-em-nós. Um encontro (estético com cidades construídas por crianças no entrelaçamento do currículo programático escolar e a cidade do cotidiano, tecendo-se em composições narrativas.

  7. "Quiet flows the Don" by M.A. Sholokhov: evolution of interpretation by Chinese critics

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    Tsytsenko Irina Ivanovna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to analyze and give a general idea about the main approaches to the study of “Quiet Flows the Don” in China from 1949 to the 2000s, which is essential for the reconstruction and the description of the international reception of Mikhail Sholokhov’s creativity in general, and also allows to see the dynamics of the perception process of the individual specific cultural dialogue between Russia and China in the XX century, due to the political, historical, aesthetic and linguistic factors. The development of “Quiet Flows the Don” in Chinese literary criticism has two main stages: 1949-1985s (one-sided interpretation of “Quiet Flows the Don” in the context of political culture and the 1985-2000s (a scientific approach in the context of a non-political culture. Each of these stages considers separate periods marking the specifics of the study related to the specific feature of China’s historical and cultural situation, analyzes the most interesting point of view of Chinese researchers. Great attention is given to the issues that were discussed in the Chinese literary criticism and topical issues that reflect the experience of revolution and civil war, the question about the main character of the epic novel and the origins of the tragedy and artistic skill of Sholokhov. Key words: reception, art world, paradigm of socio-cultural factors, ideological and artistic humanism, concept of the character.

  8. A Dialógica como Princípio Metodológico Transdisciplinar na Pesquisa em Educação

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    Ana Maria S. Lucena

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho apresenta a dialógica enquanto perspectiva de pesquisa transdiciplinar. O texto começa por referir o percurso seguido por Mikhail Bakthin, Paulo Freire, Edgar Morin e Basarab Nicolescu ao trabalharem a metodologia dialógica em suas obras. Além disso, discute a transdiciplinaridade compreendida em seu aspecto metodológico, como processo que ocorre em três etapas simultâneas: análise de diferentes níveis de realidade, a lógica do terceiro incluído e a complexidade. Buscou-se, através da pesquisa bibliográfica, levantar pontos teóricos sobre a dialogia e pesquisa transdisciplinas entre os autores supracitados. Na dialógica não se rejeita nenhuma flecha do conhecimento, o processo de conhecimento disciplinar, multidisciplinar, pluridisciplinar, interdisciplinar fazem parte da unidade na diversidade que compõe a transdiciplinaridade. Nesta perspectiva, Nicolescu (2000 diz que não há superação de um nível anterior de conhecimento, mas que os opostos coexistem e que, portanto, o princípio retroativo e de autorregulação ocorrem simultaneamente. Por isso, é um importante caminho metodológico para as ciências sociais.

  9. A Research on the Importance of Rhetoric for the Construction of Literary Text---Analysis of Short Story Nettles%修辞对文学文本建构的意义研究--解析短篇小说《荨麻》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊茉兰

    2016-01-01

    Taking Alice Munro’s Nettles as research material, and based on the approach of textual -discourse construction of rhetoric by Mikhail Bakhitin and Tan Xuechun, this paper explores the significance of rhetoric in the construction of literary text from the following three aspects: 1 ) How the first person narrative perspective portrays the characters and deepens the theme? 2) How different ways of narrative time develop the plot? and 3) How metaphors make the text cohesive and coherent?%爱丽丝·门罗的短篇小说《荨麻》采用第一人称叙述视角,有效地丰富人物形象,深化主题意义;顺叙、倒叙、插叙、补叙等叙事时序,实现了空间与时间的相互转化,推进了故事的情节发展;隐喻的运用使故事发展自然流畅,语篇更加衔接和连贯。这些修辞手段的运用,共同完成了文本的建构。

  10. Memórias Poéticas da Cidade: a Fenomenologia dos Espaços em Fervor de Buenos Aires, de Jorge Luis Borges

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    Ana Paula Santos de Araújo Ferreira

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo constitui-se de uma análise fenomenológica da poética de Jorge Luis Borges, mais especificamente, dos poemas que privilegiam as relações entre tempo, espaço e memória em seu primeiro livro de poesias, intitulado Fervor de Buenos Aires (1923. Partindo da análise do espaço enquanto categoria literária que transcende a mera função de cenário, investigamos suas configurações nos poemas que compõem o corpus deste trabalho, tendo como aporte teórico as perspectivas de Mikhail Bakhtin (2002, sobre o cronotopo literário, de Gaston Bachelard (2008, sobre o valor poético dos espaços representados, e de Ozíris Borges Filho (2007, a respeito da espacialidade na obra literária. Nesse sentido, após delimitar teoricamente os conceitos de espaço e o método fenomenológico dos quais lançamos mão nesse estudo, daremos prosseguimento à investigação das memórias poéticas plasmadas nos espaços citadinos representados na obra, tais como as ruas, as praças, a casa e a sala.

  11. Clinical efficacy and safety of biosimilar epoetin: focus on epoetin zeta

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    Mikhail A

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Ashraf Mikhail , Christopher BrownRenal Unit, Morriston Hospital, Wales, UK Abstract: Biosimilars have been developed for several biologic therapeutic agents, including erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. Biosimilars cannot be assumed to be completely identical to the reference product. Several regulatory bodies have issued stringent guidelines to regulate the licensing of biosimilars. These guidelines, although share a unified aim of ensuring the safety and efficacy of biosimilars, show several differences. Such differences may reflect the difficulties facing regulatory bodies in defining a biosimilar, identifying sensitive means to assess equivalence in efficacy, and designing robust methodologies to monitor long-term safety. This review will discuss some of the aspects of differences in licensing requirements for biosimilars, comparing the European Medicines Agency guidelines and the American Food and Drug Administration guidelines. The pathway adopted by the manufacturer of a biosimilar (epoetin zeta to gain licensing within the European market will be assessed, analyzing its compliance with the European Medicines Agency guidelines for the approval process. Since many patients are likely to be switched from original drugs to biosimilars in future, there is a need to establish strict guidelines on interchangeability and substitution of biosimilars and original products and to make it an integral part of the pre-registration assessment of any biosimilar in future. Eventually, long-term, observational post-marketing data will provide further reassurance on safety and tolerability of biosimilars. Keywords: biosimilars, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, epoetin zeta, biologic therapeutic agents

  12. Next-generation phylogenomics

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    Chan Cheong Xin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Thanks to advances in next-generation technologies, genome sequences are now being generated at breadth (e.g. across environments and depth (thousands of closely related strains, individuals or samples unimaginable only a few years ago. Phylogenomics – the study of evolutionary relationships based on comparative analysis of genome-scale data – has so far been developed as industrial-scale molecular phylogenetics, proceeding in the two classical steps: multiple alignment of homologous sequences, followed by inference of a tree (or multiple trees. However, the algorithms typically employed for these steps scale poorly with number of sequences, such that for an increasing number of problems, high-quality phylogenomic analysis is (or soon will be computationally infeasible. Moreover, next-generation data are often incomplete and error-prone, and analysis may be further complicated by genome rearrangement, gene fusion and deletion, lateral genetic transfer, and transcript variation. Here we argue that next-generation data require next-generation phylogenomics, including so-called alignment-free approaches. Reviewers Reviewed by Mr Alexander Panchin (nominated by Dr Mikhail Gelfand, Dr Eugene Koonin and Prof Peter Gogarten. For the full reviews, please go to the Reviewers’ comments section.

  13. Addressivity in cogenerative dialogues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Pei-Ling

    2014-03-01

    Ashraf Shady's paper provides a first-hand reflection on how a foreign teacher used cogens as culturally adaptive pedagogy to address cultural misalignments with students. In this paper, Shady drew on several cogen sessions to showcase his journey of using different forms of cogens with his students. To improve the quality of cogens, one strategy he used was to adjust the number of participants in cogens. As a result, some cogens worked and others did not. During the course of reading his paper, I was impressed by his creative and flexible use of cogens and at the same time was intrigued by the question of why some cogens work and not others. In searching for an answer, I found that Mikhail Bakhtin's dialogism, especially the concept of addressivity, provides a comprehensive framework to address this question. In this commentary, I reanalyze the cogen episodes described in Shady's paper in the light of dialogism. My analysis suggests that addressivity plays an important role in mediating the success of cogens. Cogens with high addressivity function as internally persuasive discourse that allows diverse consciousnesses to coexist and so likely affords productive dialogues. The implications of addressivity in teaching and learning are further discussed.

  14. AS CONTRIBUIÇÕES DO PENSAMENTO BAKHTINIANO PARA O CAMPO DAS PESQUISAS EM EDUCAÇÃO

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    Livia Sousa da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay is a reflection upon the thought of the Russian philosopher Mikhail Bakhtin and his dialogue with the state of research on education in Brazil, from the examination of theses and dissertations coming from programs in education (strict sense, from database of the Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (DLTD. We seek to highlight the extent to which Bakhtin's theory has been used as a theoretical-methodological research in this field: the most common categories, the objects discussed, the sources analyzed, the results and benefits that have built to the understanding of educational issues, as well as the possibilities of building knowledge that emerge from the confrontation of reality from that look, this epistemological approach. Although we know that Bakhtin has not expressed especially about education, we believe that their contributions to understanding the world through dialogical interactions are materialized by the languages are of great relevance to dealing with the issues and educational settings. Thus have raised the appropriation of Bakhtin studies in the field of Education, as possible epistemological experience, highlighting a growing interest in science education on this theoretical-methodological, although still denote disproportionality under other currents of thought and methodological approaches.http://dx.doi.org/10.14572/nuances.v24i3.2701

  15. History of the Earliest Russian Old Testament Translation

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    Kristina Ju. Anders

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces a previously unstudied manuscript, “Opyt perevoda vetkhozavetnykh knig [. . .] Mikhailom Fotinskim” (1806. In this article, we analyze the history of this manuscript, the circumstances surrounding the translation, and its purpose; some personal facts about the translator are also reviewed. This source represents the earliest Russian translation of the Old Testament, antedating by more than fifteen years the Russian Bible Society translations. Rev. Mikhail Fotinsky’s translation of five Old Testament books (only two ones in the Genesis was sent to the Moscow Religious Censorship Committee (Moskovskaia Dukhovnaia tsenzura in 1806, and the next year, Fotinsky asked the Censorship Committee to allow him to make a translation of the entire Old Testament. However, the censors left the manuscript in their repository, and there was no further development on this project. Contemporaries ignored this translation for several reasons. The first reason might be related to language: Fotinsky’s translation includes many Ukrainian elements. The second reason relates to its literary quality (or lack thereof, as the translation was interlinear and thus not stylistically developed. The manuscript contains many commentaries by Fotinsky, who concentrated on the Hebrew original and Judaic exegesis, trying to show different interpretations that may have occurred as a result of the polysemy of the original text.

  16. U.S. and U.S.S.R agree on ocean research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostenso, Ned A.

    On June 1, 1990, George Bush and Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a renegotiated bilateral agreement for cooperation in oceanographic research. The original agreement for “Studies of the World Ocean,” signed in 1972, did not provide for the protection of intellectual property. The new agreement is administered by executive secretaries from both countries working under the U.S.-U.S.S.R. Joint Committee on Cooperation in Ocean Studies. The committee held its first meeting in Moscow September 14-17, 1990, at the headquarters of the U.S.S.R. State Committee for Science and Technology (GKNT).The U.S. delegation was led by John A. Knauss, undersecretary of commerce for oceans and atmosphere and administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and included Ned A. Ostenso, executive secretary of the agreement; Thomas E. Murray, NOAA; M. Grant Gross, National Science Foundation; Robert S. Winokur, U.S. Navy; Bonnie McGregor Stubblefield, U.S. Geological Survey; William S. Busch, Office of Science and Technology Policy; and William A. Erb, Eric Green, and Sidney Smith, Department of State.

  17. Computing the Gromov hyperbolicity constant of a discrete metric space

    KAUST Repository

    Ismail, Anas

    2012-07-01

    Although it was invented by Mikhail Gromov, in 1987, to describe some family of groups[1], the notion of Gromov hyperbolicity has many applications and interpretations in different fields. It has applications in Biology, Networking, Graph Theory, and many other areas of research. The Gromov hyperbolicity constant of several families of graphs and geometric spaces has been determined. However, so far, the only known algorithm for calculating the Gromov hyperbolicity constant of a discrete metric space is the brute force algorithm with running time O (n4) using the four- point condition. In this thesis, we first introduce an approximation algorithm which calculates a O (log n)-approximation of the hyperbolicity constant , based on a layering approach, in time O (n2), where n is the number of points in the metric space. We also calculate the fixed base point hyperbolicity constant r for a fixed point r using a (max; min)matrix multiplication algorithm by Duan in time O (n2:688) [2]. We use this result to present a 2-approximation algorithm for calculating the hyperbolicity constant in time O (n2:688). We also provide an exact algorithm to compute the hyperbolicity constant in time O (n3:688) for a discrete metric space. We then present some partial results we obtained for designing some approximation algorithms to compute the hyperbolicity constant.

  18. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available Anderson, Stephanie. Le Discours Féminin de Marguerite Duras by Julia Lauer-Chéenne Booker, M. Keith. Literature and Domination: Sex, Knowledge, and Power in Modern Fiction by Frédérique Chevillot Chevillot, Frédérique. La Réouverture du texte by Susan Ireland Cixous, Hélène. Three Steps on the Ladder of Writing by Jeff Schneider Descombes, Vincent. The Barometer of Modern Reason: On the Philosophies of Current Events by André Pierre Colombat Holmgren, Beth. Women's Works in Stalin's Time: On Lidiia Chukovskaia and Nadezhda Mandelstam by Serafima Roll Lyotard, Jean François. Political Writings . Trans. Bill Readings and Kevin Paul Geiman by Ronald Bogue McPherson, Karen S. Incriminations: Guilty Women/Telling Stories by Colette Hall Melnick, Daniel C. Fullness of Dissonance. Modern Fiction and the Aesthetics of Music by Walter A. Strauss Scatton, Linda Hart. Mikhail Zoshchenko: Evolution of a Writer by Eric Lozowy Sollers, Philippe. Watteau in Venice by T. Douglas Doyle Steele, Cynthia. Politics, Gender, and the Mexican Novel, 1968-1988: Beyond the Pyramid by Jill S. Kuhnheim Webb, Barbara J. Myth and History in Caribbean Fiction. Alejo Carpentier, Wilson Harris and Eduard Glissant by Nicasio Urbina

  19. 空间范畴视域下普列什文生态哲学的诗意呈现%The Poetic Presentation of Pristina’s Ecological Philosophy from the View of Space Theories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽

    2015-01-01

    Ecological philosophy is a kind of philosophical ideas on the basis of ecological crisis. Russian ecological philosophy represents a unique path of thinking in the world. Mikhail Mikhailovich Pristuna man, as the originator of russian ecological literature, formed his own ecological philosophy, which has great effect on the whole Russian ecological literature. In this article, analyzing the poetic presentation of Pristina’s ecological philosophy in three different ways from the view of the space theories, and looking for its origins to find a better way to solve the global ecological crisis.%生态哲学是基于生态危机而产生的一种哲学理念。俄罗斯生态哲学以其独特的风格在世界范围内独树一帜。普列什文作为俄罗斯生态文学的奠基人,其生态哲学理念对俄罗斯生态文学产生了重大影响。试图以空间范畴为视角,从普文中诗意呈现的三个维度解读其生态哲学,追溯其生态哲学诗意呈现的根源,为解决当前全球生态危机提供可借鉴的途径。

  20. Novo Jornalismo: fronteiras litero-factuais em A sangue Frio e em Radical Chique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Aquinei Timóteo Queirós

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-784X.2012v12n18p130 A pesquisa busca analisar de que forma fato e ficção se entrecruzam no “movimento” do Novo Jornalismo, a partir das obras A sangue Frio e Radical Chique e o Novo Jornalismo, de Truman Capote e Tom Wolfe, respectivamente. Pretende-se, a partir da investigação do corpus em estudo, revelar os aspectos que aproximam o fato jornalístico, a notícia e a reportagem às técnicas literárias do romance, do conto e da crônica. O estudo investiga o Novo Jornalismo sob o viés de textos centrais das áreas de teoria literária e estudos jornalísticos utilizando autores como Mikhail Bakhtin, Hayden White, Paul Ricoeur, Muniz Sodré; além de referenciar outros escritores que, como Tom Wolfe e Truman Capote, fizeram parte de um grande movimento renovador do jornalismo literário nos anos 1950, 1960 e 1970 chamado, genericamente, de Novo Jornalismo.

  1. Lenguaje, dialogismo y educación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Cárdenas Páez

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este texto parte de los planteamientos del filósofo ruso Mijaíl Bajtín y su propuesta de abordar el lenguaje desde la translingüística, y apunta a ventilar aspectos fundamentales de la educación; incorpora algunas nociones como arquitectónica educativa, bondad de la pedagogía y coeficiente pedagógico. Por último, formula algunas hipótesis acerca de lo que podrían ser una pedagogía y una didáctica contemporáneas a la luz de una visión crítica acerca de su desarrollo moderno.This paper is about the statements of the Russian philosopher Mikhail Bachtine, who proposes to study language as the subject of translinguistics. From this point of departure, some aspects of education are presented and a critique of its modern development is made. Several notions such as architectural education, pedagogical goodness and pedagogical rate are presented. Finally, some assumptions about what contemporary pedagogy and didactics could be for the critic vision about its modern development.

  2. Pela tela, pela janela: questões teóricas e práticas sobre infância e televisão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Gonçalves Salgado

    Full Text Available O texto oferece subsídios para uma compreensão da produção cultural de nossa época e as relações sociais que adultos e crianças estabelecem com a mídia. O fundamento teórico-metodológico desta investigação tem como base a teoria de Mikhail Bakhtin, especialmente a relação dialógica e alteritária do adulto com a criança, além de ter como eixo de análise a brincadeira, aspecto fundamental da linguagem na interação da criança com a televisão. A proposta é oferecer subsídios para projetos educacionais voltados à formação de leitores críticos dos meios de comunicação de massa, especialmente no que diz respeito aos produtos de televisão para o público infantil.

  3. Diálogos narrativos: as linhas de aproximação entre o audiovisual e os video games = Narrative dialogues: parallels between the audiovisual and video games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbosa, Afonso Manoel da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pretendemos analisar as zonas de intersecção entre a linguagem audiovisual, sobretudo a cinematográfica, e a dos video games. Para tanto, examinamos o percurso desse processo observando as relações dialógicas estabelecidas entre esses dois campos discursivos a partir das franquias, adaptações e influências mútuas registradas em suas narrativas. Utilizaremos estudos sobre o dialogismo bakhtiniano a partir de Robert Stam e do próprio Mikhail Bakhtin, além de pesquisas sobre teoria da adaptação propostas por Linda Hutcheon. Como objeto central e produto dessas trocas entre dispositivos estéticos, traremos uma análise mais detalhada do jogo Red Dead Redemption (2009, Rockstar games, assinalando questões relacionadas à mise-en-scène do video game, utilizando os preceitos teóricos de David Bordwell e Kristin Thompson

  4. O jornalismo e a construção do verdadeiro no campo econômico: uma análise à luz das reflexões bakhtiana e foucaultiana sobre discursos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hérica Lene

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available

    O objetivo deste artigo é articular a construção do verdadeiro no campo econômico e os discursos produzidos pelo jornalismo sobre esta área. A questão que nos instiga é: como as notícias ajudam a construir uma “realidade” sobre o campo econômico? Partimos da premissa de que o noticiário de economia se pauta, principalmente, pelos prognósticos e não apenas pelos relatos de acontecimentos do presente. Com isso, muitas vezes, antecipam situações e provocam mudanças no mercado. O corpus de análise é constituído de edições dos dois principais jornais do país – O Globo e Folha de S. Paulo – de julho de 1994, mês de lançamento do Plano Real. Partindo das reflexões sobre a questão da comunicação e do discurso de Mikhail Bakhtin e de Michel Foucault, e de outros aportes teóricos, são analisados alguns aspectos da cobertura jornalística de economia.

  5. A Bakhtinian Reading of John Donne’s Parody Poem “The Bait”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Refaat Alareer

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available While conventional critics seek the comic aspect of parody, modernist critics credit parody with questioning mainstream literary trends and subverting literary production. For instance, Mikhail Bakhtin believes in parody’s power to create “a decrowning double” by turning the official worldview up-side-down. For experimental poets like John Donne, parody transcends mere comical imitation into a serious practice. Donne, having lived in the heyday of the Renaissance with its overemphasis on decorum and courtly love, sought refuge in parody to resist and disturb existing norms of versification and offer an alternative worldview. This paper examines John Donne’s parody poem “The Bait” in the light of Bakhtin’s concept of parody as a decrowning double. The analysis shows that not only had Donne resorted to parody to criticize the society, but he also employed it to undermine established rules of poetry. The study concludes that Donne used parody to create an important platform to liberate poetry from dominant modes of versification, invite readers, often by means of defamiliarisation, to reconsider their stance and literary taste, and promote experimental styles; thus, Donne transcends the norms of prevalent courtly love poetry once and for all.

  6. On the Issue of Pedagogical Authority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sobkin V.S.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on Mikhail Kondratyev’s contributions to the exploration of pedagogical authority. Basing on the survey of 3056 students of 5—9 classes of Moscow schools the paper analyzes adolescents’ attitudes towards teacher as a referent adult: evaluations of his/her significance as a role model, descriptions of his/her social status with regard to the usefulness of the information received by the adolescent. It also reviews some features of interpersonal relationships within the teacher-student interaction: the adolescents’ reactions to criticisms, their evaluations of the significance of various reasons underlying conflicts with the teacher. The attitude of the students toward their teacher is analyzed through the lens of the educational process, including such parameters as the students’ physical and mental state during the lesson (authori- tarian/democratic style of the teacher’s behavior; the students’ trust in the teacher as the source of credible evaluations of their learning success; the impact of the teacher on the students’ interest in the school subject. The outcomes of the survey are reviewed in the context of the influence of certain demographic and social stratification factors. Special attention is drawn to the impact of academic achievements and the adolescent’s status in the group on his/her attitudes towards the teacher as the authoritative adult.

  7. A SANCTA SAPIENTIA MEDIEVAL – ENIGMA E MISTÉRIO NO TEATRO CRISTÃO DE ROSVITA DE GANDERSHEIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Figueiredo Martins

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available No âmbito dos Estudos Literários, a teoria, a crítica e a historiografia acerca da literatura produzida na Idade Média avançaram muito, a partir de 1940, com as obras de Ernst Curtius, Mikhail Bakhtin e Erich Auerbach. A despeito dos progressos, permanecem na sombra alguns aspectos específicos, com incursões pontuais conquanto significativas: é o caso da fortuna crítica sobre a produção literária feminina no período. Rosvita foi canonisa e viveu no convento beneditino de Gandersheim (Alemanha, no século X d.C.. Influenciada por Terêncio, escreveu em latim peças teatrais nas quais apresentava figuradamente questões teológicas, a fim de difundir a doutrina cristã. O tema do martírio mereceu destaque, sendo o foco central da peça Sabedoria, ambientada no tempo do imperador romano Adriano. No ensaio, analisa-se este texto dramatúrgico, discutindo, ao final, de que modo as categorias de símbolo, enigma, alegoria e mistério são mobilizadas pela autora como recursos expressivos e elementos estruturais.

  8. Ideology and intertextuality: Intertextual allusions in Judith 16

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Philip Nolte

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article utilised the theory of intertextuality to investigate the way in which religious texts, specifically Judith 16, generate meaning in the act of the production of texts. The groundbreaking work on intertextuality done by Julia Kristeva served as the theoretical point of departure. Kristeva utilised Mikhail Bakhtin’s literary theory to develop her own views on intertextuality. According to the theory of intertextuality, all texts are intersections of different texts and are therefore polyvalent. The article argued that the ideology (or ideologies of author(s of texts underpin the ways in which other texts are used and alluded to. The purpose of the investigation was to illustrate how intertextual allusions in Judith 16 are used to describe ‘God/the Lord’ as a God of war and, thereby, to maintain an already existing ideology of war:We know now that a text is not a line of words releasing a single ‘theological’ meaning (the ‘message’ of the Author-God but a multi-dimensional space in which a variety of writings, none of them original, blend and clash. The text is a tissue of quotations drawn from the innumerable centres of culture. (Barthes, cited in Beal 1992:27

  9. Decontamination of radionuclides using γ-Fe2O3 as a Nanosorbent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagla, Hemlata; Thakur, Jyotsna

    2017-04-01

    -203, etc. from low level waste and water effluent. References: 1. Hamasaki T., Nakamichi N., Teruya K., Shirahata S., Removal Efficiency of Radioactive Cesium and Iodine Ions by a Flow-Type Apparatus Designed for Electrochemically Reduced Water Production, PLoS One. 2014; 9(7): e102218. 2. Gehrke I., Geiser A., Somborn-Schulz A., Innovations in nanotechnology for water treatment, Nanotechnol Sci Appl. 2015; 8: 1-17. 3. Galina Lujanienė G., Šemčuk S., Kulakauskaitė I., Mažeika K., Valiulis D., Ju\\vskėnas R., Tautkus S., Sorption of radionuclides and metals to graphene oxide and magnetic graphene oxide, Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 2016;307:3, 2267-2275 4. Patil K.C., Hegde M.S., Rattan T., Aruna S.T., Chemistry of Nanocrystalline Oxide Materials Combustion Synthesis, Properties and Applications, world Scientific Publ. 2008. 5. Thakur, J., Dutta, D. P., Bagla, H. and Tyagi, A. K., Effect of Host Structure and Concentration on the Luminescence of Eu3+ and Tb3+ in Borate Phosphors., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 2012, 95: 696-704.

  10. Infância, televisão e publicidade: uma metodologia de pesquisa em construção Child, television and publicity: a metodology in constructing research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Marisa Ribes Pereira

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem como foco principal a relação estabelecida entre criança e publicidade televisiva. A perspectiva teórica e metodológica é baseada nas idéias de Walter Benjamin, Mikhail Bakhtin e Oliviero Toscani. O objetivo é entender o contexto social e cultural mais amplo no qual essa questão é mantida sob permanente tensão, em especial em razão de algumas mudanças que o marcam acentuadamente: a emergência de novos agrupamentos familiares que, por diferirem dos arranjos nucleares tradicionais, demandam um reordenamento das relações criança-adulto; a desterritorialização do capitalismo e sua concentração no consumo; a fragmentação da vida cotidiana; a construção de uma política de vídeo e a inversão sofrida nos âmbitos públicos e privados; o lugar central hoje ocupado pela mídia e a constatação de que há uma hegemonia das tecnologias eletrônicas e virtuais nos processos de comunicação, bem como a pulverização dos espaços de saber. Nesse contexto, os meios audiovisuais- entre eles a televisão - têm compartilhado cada vez mais com a família e com a escola sua função educativa, ocasionando para ambas um grande desconforto: faz-se necessário, mais do que nunca, repensar o lugar social que ocupam.This research has, as its main focus, the relationship established between child and publicity on TV. The theoretical and methodological perspective is based on the ideas of Walter Benjamin, Mikhail Bakhtin and Oliviero Toscani. The goal is to understand the broader social and cultural context within which this issue is kept under permanent tension. Some important changes have marked it: the emergence of new family groups which, by differing from the traditional nucleus arrangements, asks for the reordering of the child-adult relationship; the loss of a clear delimitation for capitalism and its concentration on consumption; the fragmentation of every-day life; the construction of a video policy and the inversion

  11. O CARNAVAL QORPOSANTENSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lileana Mourão Franco de Sá (UFAM

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe uma reflexão sobre o discurso teatral de José Joaquim de Campos Leão, o Qorpo-Santo, por meio de ideias nucleares do teórico russo Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975, um dos críticos mais intrigantes da teoria literária e linguística do século XX.  Qorpo-Santo viveu no século XIX, abordando temas como o incesto, o homossexualismo, o adultério, em peças cuja estrutura fugia ao padrão literário vigente: o teatro de costumes.  O universo teatral às avessas do dramaturgo gaúcho impressiona-nos pela elaboração de uma estética que se opôs aos cânones oficiais seus contemporâneos. Qorpo-Santo chamou algumas de suas comédias de borrões e acrescentou que como tal, deveriam passar pelas correções que se fizessem necessárias. Sua vida e obra transbordaram para a dramaturgia, psiquiatria, psicanálise, cinema e romance. A carnavalização invade seu teatro, construído sem qualquer suporte de coerência psicológica no desenvolvimento das personagens, do tempo ou do espaço.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Bakhtin; Carnavalização; Borrões; Qorpo-Santo. Abstract The aim of this article is a reflection on the theatrical discourse of José Joaquim de Campos Leão, “Qorpo Santo”, through concepts or nuclear ideas of the Russian Theorist Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975 one of the most intriguing critics of literary theory and Linguistics of the 20th century. Qorpo Santo lived in the 19th century approaching themes such as incest, homosexuality, adultery, in plays whose structure was totally different from the literary pattern of that time: The Theater of Manners. The chaotic theatrical and also reverse universe of the playwright, who was born in Rio Grande do Sul-Brazil, impresses us for the creation and elaboration of an aesthetics which opposes the official canons of his contemporaries. Qorpo Santo named some of his comedies “drafts” and said that since they were drafts they had to go through the necessary corrections. His life

  12. Algumas idéias sobre a relação educação e comunicação no âmbito da Saúde A few ideas on the relation education and communication in the field of Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ausonia Favorido Donato

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discute alguns conceitos acerca da articulação entre Educação e Comunicação no âmbito da Saúde através da discussão de duas experiências educacionais com jovens e adultos. Tem início pela circunscrição do constructo "ambito da Saúde" não apenas como um locus a partir do qual seja possível localizar fenômenos relacionados à Saúde, mas também como uma instância social e historicamente construída por indivíduos que estabelecem entre si relações de troca e de poder. A partir do elemento social comum, articulam-se os aspectos relacionados à Educação e à Comunicação. Quanto à Comunicação, tencionou-se abordá-la não em sua dimensão midiática latu senso mas, sim, a partir de sua condição de produção de sentido social no interior da subjetividade, utilizando para isso alguns conceitos do linguísta russo Mikhail Bakhtin. No tocante à Educação, destacou-se a articulação entre as várias dimensões do processo ensino-aprendizagem, esquematizadas em seus campos de saber. Enfim, pudemos verificar que, ao contrário de uma abordagem eminentemente comunicacional dos problemas de Saúde, a contribuição da relação entre Comunicação e Educação, localizada no âmbito da Saúde, faz questionar uma tendência corrente que privilegia as mídias em detrimento da promoção do sujeito.This article discusses some concepts about the link between Education and Communication in the field of Health through the discussion of two educational experiences with youngsters and adults. It begins with the circunscription of the constructed "field of health" not only as a locus from which it is possible to locate phenomena related to Health but also as a social instance and historically made by individuals who establish among themselves exchange and power relationships. Starting with the common social element, the aspects related to Education and Communication get jointed. As for Communication, we meant to

  13. Poética da criação verbal: a crítica polifônica nos estudos da linguagem literária

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Rodrigues da Silva Junior

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho assenta-se em conceitos fundamentais explorados pelo teórico da linguagem e crítico literário Mikhail Bakhtin, tais como dialogismo, polifonia, alteridade, carnavalização e liberdade. Dialogando amplamente com Bakhtin, além de seus intérpretes e pensadores, pretende-se estabelecer as bases teóricas para uma crítica polifônica da linguagem literária que teorize e problematize as incursões valiosas do autor russo para o pensamento do discurso romanesco e suas reverberações na Teoria Literária hoje. Congregando linguagem, literatura, antropologia e filosofia, os estudos bakhtinianos entenderam que a última palavra (felizmente ainda não foi dita. Aqui, preconiza-se que a palavra romanesca tem suas origens no cinismo e nos gêneros dialogais da Antiguidade Greco-romana, estendendo-se para o gênero da prosificação do mundo e permanecendo inacabada no grande tempo da cultura. Esse sistema polifônico de crítica procura ler, na própria poética literária, caminhos para a construção do exercício crítico literário autônomo e respondível, conforme estilizado e realizado na literatura, bem como na práxis da vida humana.

  14. Emerging Dialogic Structures in Education Reform: An analysis of Urban Teachers’ Online Compositions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trevor Thomas Stewart

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper contextualizes contemporary urban teachers’ online dissent in public discussions of education reform in relation to past educational crisis narratives to interpret recent shifts in the structure of education reform dialogue in the United States. It does so by examining the form and content of compositions in which teachers respond to education reform. The analysis is intended to describe the digitally mediated roles teachers are asserting in a complex public debate over the future of education in the United States. The structure and content of education reform discourse has often cast teachers in static roles, which inhibits their active participation in discussions of educational policy. Using Mikhail Bakhtin’s position that language choices serve to stifle and/or reinvigorate dialogue, we examine contributions to online discussions and debate composed ostensibly by urban teachers in response to dominant discourses. The data were analyzed with respect to discursive choices and grouped subsequently as themed arguments and rhetorical moves. We argue that teachers’ strategic responses to education reform challenge stifling truisms that seek to suspend discussion of all other factors besides teacher quality. Teachers’ critical digital compositions thus re-create critical, multi-voiced conversations in place of monologues about school improvement. The online, public compositions point to the dynamic structure of reform discourse that has the potential to benefit those currently faulted for a variety of social problems. Nurturing and even exploiting the dynamic potential of educational reform discourse can create opportunities for teachers, policymakers, and educational researchers to mutually inform one another’s shared interest in educational improvement.

  15. Governmental structure of the Russian Federation with respect to environmental and energy programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colangelo, R.V.; Reistroffer, E.L. [Environmental Planning Group, Inc., Elk Grove Village, IL (United States); Edgar, D.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.

    1992-09-01

    An investigation was conducted by the Environmental Planning Group, Inc., to provide an overview of the structure of government environmental and energy programs in the Russian Federation. The investigation was undertaken to provide a baseline of information to the US Department of Energy (DOE), so that technologies applicable to DOE environmental restoration and monitoring programs can be identified, tested, and transferred. Data for the report were collected through a network of Russian and American sources knowledgeable about environmental and energy programs in the Russian Federation. Sources of information included both US and Russian government personnel, nongovernmental organizations, private consultants, and experts from the academic and scientific communities. The peculiarities of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) remain prevalent in the structure of the Newly Independent States, especially in Russia. The legacy of communism is visible in all aspects of society, most particularly in the extreme environmental degradation that has resulted from careless central planning and policies of forced industrialization. Reforms initiated under Mikhail Gorbachev during the period of Perestroika were aimed at shifting power from the party to the respective government organs. In 1992 the Commonwealth of Independent States was created, joining 11 of the 15 republics into a loose federation. The investigation undertaken by the Environmental Planning Group, Inc., focused on the executive organs of the present Russian government in an effort to define key ministries with environmental and energy responsibilities. The structure of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (Minpriroda) and the Ministry of Atomic Power (Minatom) are presented. The Academy of Sciences and other ministries that have relevance to the transfer of technologies are discussed, as well as research institutions in which technologies appropriate to DOE programs are likely to reside.

  16. Method of predicting Splice Sites based on signal interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deogun Jitender S

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Predicting and proper ranking of canonical splice sites (SSs is a challenging problem in bioinformatics and machine learning communities. Any progress in SSs recognition will lead to better understanding of splicing mechanism. We introduce several new approaches of combining a priori knowledge for improved SS detection. First, we design our new Bayesian SS sensor based on oligonucleotide counting. To further enhance prediction quality, we applied our new de novo motif detection tool MHMMotif to intronic ends and exons. We combine elements found with sensor information using Naive Bayesian Network, as implemented in our new tool SpliceScan. Results According to our tests, the Bayesian sensor outperforms the contemporary Maximum Entropy sensor for 5' SS detection. We report a number of putative Exonic (ESE and Intronic (ISE Splicing Enhancers found by MHMMotif tool. T-test statistics on mouse/rat intronic alignments indicates, that detected elements are on average more conserved as compared to other oligos, which supports our assumption of their functional importance. The tool has been shown to outperform the SpliceView, GeneSplicer, NNSplice, Genio and NetUTR tools for the test set of human genes. SpliceScan outperforms all contemporary ab initio gene structural prediction tools on the set of 5' UTR gene fragments. Conclusion Designed methods have many attractive properties, compared to existing approaches. Bayesian sensor, MHMMotif program and SpliceScan tools are freely available on our web site. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Manyuan Long, Arcady Mushegian and Mikhail Gelfand.

  17. Report Of The Cospar WG On "Future Of Space Astronomy"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ubertini, Pietro; Space Astronomy*, Cospar WG on Future of

    2011-09-01

    The COSPAR President on April 20, 2010 appointed the "Future of Space Astronomy” Working Group under the aegis of Commission E, with the aim to analyze the difficult situation of space astronomy over the next two decades and recommend ways to improve the prospects. Having assessed the scientific needs and the current plans of the main space agencies worldwide, the WG has identified some major concerns about the lack of a secured future for Space Astronomy. In fact, astronomers today have access to an impressive set of space missions and ground-based observatories that gives them nearly continuous coverage of the electromagnetic spectrum from the gamma-ray to the radio regions. But the picture becomes concerning and critical in the next 10 - 15 years, when current space astronomy missions will have ended and new missions will be much less numerous. Astronomy is a difficult observational science requiring continuous and simultaneous access to the full electromagnetic spectrum to explore our complex Universe and to pursue answers to fundamental scientific questions. The history of space astronomy, especially the past three decades, has demonstrated clearly the importance and benefits of access to the gamma-ray, X-ray, UV-optical, near IR and far-IR spectrum from space. So far the only planned observatory class missions, proposed to NASA-ESA-JAXA are JWST (2018), WFIRST/EUCLID (2018-2020), Athena (ex IXO, 2022) and LISA. The latter two under re-scope in an ESA alone scenario with a cost Matt Griffin, UK, Michael Hauser, USA, Ravinder K. Manchanda, India, Nobuyuki Kawai, Japan, Shuang-Nan Zhang, China, Mikhail Pavlinsky, Russia

  18. Transcription factor binding sites are highly enriched within microRNA precursor sequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piriyapongsa Jittima

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Transcription factors are thought to regulate the transcription of microRNA genes in a manner similar to that of protein-coding genes; that is, by binding to conventional transcription factor binding site DNA sequences located in or near promoter regions that lie upstream of the microRNA genes. However, in the course of analyzing the genomics of human microRNA genes, we noticed that annotated transcription factor binding sites commonly lie within 70- to 110-nt long microRNA small hairpin precursor sequences. Results We report that about 45% of all human small hairpin microRNA (pre-miR sequences contain at least one predicted transcription factor binding site motif that is conserved across human, mouse and rat, and this rises to over 75% if one excludes primate-specific pre-miRs. The association is robust and has extremely strong statistical significance; it affects both intergenic and intronic pre-miRs and both isolated and clustered microRNA genes. We also confirmed and extended this finding using a separate analysis that examined all human pre-miR sequences regardless of conservation across species. Conclusions The transcription factor binding sites localized within small hairpin microRNA precursor sequences may possibly regulate their transcription. Transcription factors may also possibly bind directly to nascent primary microRNA gene transcripts or small hairpin microRNA precursors and regulate their processing. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Guillaume Bourque (nominated by Jerzy Jurka, Dmitri Pervouchine (nominated by Mikhail Gelfand, and Yuriy Gusev.

  19. Legal Regulation Of The Public Financial Control In Russian Empire Of The Nineteenth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makka I. Dolakova

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present article the system of state financial control in the Russian Empire creation and development process is researched. Drawbacks in its organization effecting implementation of the financial control activities are shown. In the article it is emphasized that financial control is an important part of the state financial-economic policy. The overall goal for all branches of the state financial control is to ensure that the financial activities of the state, that are activities of formation, distribution and use of centralized and decentralized public funds of monetary resources. At the root of the financial control in the Russian Empire creation was Mikhail Speransky. During rule of the Emperor Nicholas I, activities on the State control (audit were more solid and detailed in the regulatory framework: rules on the account keeping have been established accounts and reports of ministries were established, senatorial audits were held regularly. Large-scale reforms in the mid nineteenth century, including changes in the financial sector, put the question of the state financial control modernization on the agenda. As a result of the state control (audit reform, it turned into the united audit body, with the power of documentary audit in all state institutions in the center and in regions. Specificity of the financial control was in the fact that some departments and agencies have been exempted from the control. These included the Ministry of the yard, spiritual authority, charities. Author concluded that the genuine financial control, which is the control of the representatives of population over the country's budget use in the Russian Empire was not created. It greatly affected the entire financial policy that reduced its effectiveness.

  20. Conventional armed forces in Europe: Technology scenario development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houser, G.M.

    1990-07-01

    In January 1986, the Soviet Union's Mikhail Gorbachev proposed elimination of all nuclear weapons by the year 2000. In April of that year, Mr. Gorbachev proposed substantial reductions of conventional weapons in Europe, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ural Mountains, including reductions in operational-tactical nuclear weapons. In May 1986, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) responded with the Brussels Declaration on Conventional Arms Control,'' which indicated readiness to open East/West discussions on establishing a mandate for negotiating conventional arms control throughout Europe. The Group of 23,'' which met in Vienna beginning in February 1987, concluded the meeting in January 1989 with a mandate for the Conventional Armed Forced in Europe (CFE) negotiations. On 6 March 1989, CFE talks began, and these talks have continued through six rounds (as of April 1990). Although US President George Bush, on 30 May 1989, called for agreement within six months to a year, and the Malta meeting of December 1989 called for completion of a CFE agreement by the end of 1990, much remains to be negotiated. This report provides three types of information. First, treaty provisions brought to the table by both sides are compared. Second, on the basis of these provisions, problem areas for each of the provision elements are postulated and possible scenarios for resolving these problem areas are developed. Third, the scenarios are used as requirements for tasks assigned program elements for possible US implementation of a CFE treaty. As progress is achieved during the negotiations, this report could be updated, as necessary, in each of the areas to provide a continuing systematic basis for program implementation and technology development. 8 refs.

  1. Total Magnetic Field Signatures over Submarine HVDC Power Cables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, R. M.; Tchernychev, M.; Johnston, J. M.; Tryggestad, J.

    2013-12-01

    Mikhail Tchernychev, Geometrics, Inc. Ross Johnson, Geometrics, Inc. Jeff Johnston, Geometrics, Inc. High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) technology is widely used to transmit electrical power over considerable distances using submarine cables. The most commonly known examples are the HVDC cable between Italy and Greece (160 km), Victoria-Tasmania (300 km), New Jersey - Long Island (82 km) and the Transbay cable (Pittsburg, California - San-Francisco). These cables are inspected periodically and their location and burial depth verified. This inspection applies to live and idle cables; in particular a survey company could be required to locate pieces of a dead cable for subsequent removal from the sea floor. Most HVDC cables produce a constant magnetic field; therefore one of the possible survey tools would be Marine Total Field Magnetometer. We present mathematical expressions of the expected magnetic fields and compare them with fields observed during actual surveys. We also compare these anomalies fields with magnetic fields produced by other long objects, such as submarine pipelines The data processing techniques are discussed. There include the use of Analytic Signal and direct modeling of Total Magnetic Field. The Analytic Signal analysis can be adapted using ground truth where available, but the total field allows better discrimination of the cable parameters, in particular to distinguish between live and idle cable. Use of a Transverse Gradiometer (TVG) allows for easy discrimination between cable and pipe line objects. Considerable magnetic gradient is present in the case of a pipeline whereas there is less gradient for the DC power cable. Thus the TVG is used to validate assumptions made during the data interpretation process. Data obtained during the TVG surveys suggest that the magnetic field of a live HVDC cable is described by an expression for two infinite long wires carrying current in opposite directions.

  2. Voices of Authority and Linguistic Autonomy in Niebla

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    Mary Lee Bretz

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Miguel de Unamuno's works have often been studied as expressions of his philosophy or life experience. More recent literary theory has eschewed approaches that foreground the author, preferring to focus primarily on the text or the reader. Utilizing Mikhail Bakhtin's theory of the novel, this paper analyzes Niebla , one of Unamuno's most frequently studied works, to illustrate that new literary theories can enrich our reading of the text. Bakhtin argues that the novel is characterized by many voices or styles which the novelist welcomes and exploits. The novel should not be viewed as having a single style but as a dynamic interaction between a variety of incorporated languages. The authorial voice is only one among many and it is constantly challenged, muted, and reshaped as it enters into contact with other voices that are present in the text. "Authoritative discourse" is only one type of discourse that can be incorporated into the novel, especially a Bildungsroman . In the process of maturation, the character passes through a series of ideological phases, each of which is characterized by the interaction of the character's language and the language of a given authority. Unamuno's Niebla is essentially a Bildungsroman , in which Augusto Pérez progresses through a series of stages in an existentialist quest for self. These stages are accompanied by linguistic changes, as Augusto gradually sheds the voices of authority and acquires his own autonomous voice. The culmination of this process occurs in the famous scene where Augusto confronts Unamuno. The meeting of author and character is more than an expression of Unamuno's thirst for eternal life through literature; it is a dramatization of the nature of heteroglossia and a confirmation of the linguistic autonomy of the fictional character.

  3. Transposable element derived DNaseI-hypersensitive sites in the human genome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordan I King

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Transposable elements (TEs are abundant genomic sequences that have been found to contribute to genome evolution in unexpected ways. Here, we characterize the evolutionary and functional characteristics of TE-derived human genome regulatory sequences uncovered by the high throughput mapping of DNaseI-hypersensitive (HS sites. Results Human genome TEs were found to contribute substantially to HS regulatory sequences characterized in CD4+ T cells: 23% of HS sites contain TE-derived sequences. While HS sites are far more evolutionarily conserved than non HS sites in the human genome, consistent with their functional importance, TE-derived HS sites are highly divergent. Nevertheless, TE-derived HS sites were shown to be functionally relevant in terms of driving gene expression in CD4+ T cells. Genes involved in immune response are statistically over-represented among genes with TE-derived HS sites. A number of genes with both TE-derived HS sites and immune tissue related expression patterns were found to encode proteins involved in immune response such as T cell specific receptor antigens and secreted cytokines as well as proteins with clinical relevance to HIV and cancer. Genes with TE-derived HS sites have higher average levels of sequence and expression divergence between human and mouse orthologs compared to genes with non TE-derived HS sites. Conclusion The results reported here support the notion that TEs provide a specific genome-wide mechanism for generating functionally relevant gene regulatory divergence between evolutionary lineages. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Wolfgang J. Miller (nominated by Jerzy Jurka, Itai Yanai and Mikhail S.Gelfand.

  4. Same-strand overlapping genes in bacteria: compositional determinants of phase bias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Landan Giddy

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Same-strand overlapping genes may occur in frameshifts of one (phase 1 or two nucleotides (phase 2. In previous studies of bacterial genomes, long phase-1 overlaps were found to be more numerous than long phase-2 overlaps. This bias was explained by either genomic location or an unspecified selection advantage. Models that focused on the ability of the two genes to evolve independently did not predict this phase bias. Here, we propose that a purely compositional model explains the phase bias in a more parsimonious manner. Same-strand overlapping genes may arise through either a mutation at the termination codon of the upstream gene or a mutation at the initiation codon of the downstream gene. We hypothesized that given these two scenarios, the frequencies of initiation and termination codons in the two phases may determine the number for overlapping genes. Results We examined the frequencies of initiation- and termination-codons in the two phases, and found that termination codons do not significantly differ between the two phases, whereas initiation codons are more abundant in phase 1. We found that the primary factors explaining the phase inequality are the frequencies of amino acids whose codons may combine to form start codons in the two phases. We show that the frequencies of start codons in each of the two phases, and, hence, the potential for the creation of overlapping genes, are determined by a universal amino-acid frequency and species-specific codon usage, leading to a correlation between long phase-1 overlaps and genomic GC content. Conclusion Our model explains the phase bias in same-strand overlapping genes by compositional factors without invoking selection. Therefore, it can be used as a null model of neutral evolution to test selection hypotheses concerning the evolution of overlapping genes. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Bill Martin, Itai Yanai, and Mikhail Gelfand.

  5. Bakhtin and Buber: Problems of Dialogic Imagination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Perlina

    1984-09-01

    Full Text Available Recent publications of biographical materials on Mikhail Bakhtin demonstrate that he was familiar with the writings of Martin Buber. The philosophical and aesthetic verbal expression of Buber's ideas within the time-spatial universe of Bakhtin's own awareness allows us to discuss this obvious biographical evidence in a wider cultural context. The central opposition of Buber's and Bakhtin's systems is the dialogic dichotomous pair: "Ich und Du" (I and Thou, or "myself and another." Bakhtin's dialogic imagination is rooted in the binaries of the subject-object relations which he initially formulated as "responsibility" and "addressivity," that is to say, as individual awareness and its responsiveness of life. The basic words of Bakhtin's philosophical aesthetics can be understood as the "relation to the other," and their semantics and terminological meaning are directly related to Martin Buber (his work, Ich und Du , 1923. In the 1930s-60s Bakhtin developed the concepts of responsibility and addressivity into his universal dialogic theory of speech-genres. His hierarchy of speech-genres was built in order to establish relations between different sub-genres of the novel (various types of poetic utterances and different species of individual discourse. However, the entire edifice of this dialogic system remained unfinished, and several types of dialogic relations between individual pronouncements of the characters and individual novelistic genres were not discussed by him. Buber's ideas on the dialogue can be used as a clue to one possible interpretation of the function of authoritative and internally persuasive discourses in different sub-genres of the novel (the novel of confession, the Bildungsroman , the autobiographical novel. In this article, Buber's philosophical cycle is used as an aid in reconstructing the integral whole of Bakhtin's "dialogic imagination," as this dialogic mode of thinking goes through his unfinished works: "Author and

  6. Ensino de língua estrangeira: concepções de língua, cultura e identidade no contexto ensino/aprendizagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cássia dos Santos Teixeira

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa a seguinte temática: Ensinode língua estrangeira: concepções de língua, cultura e identidade no contexto ensino/aprendizagem. Na busca do tripé – língua, cultura e identidade, o presente estudo faz uma relação a partir desses aspectos, com vistas a uma (resignificação no processo ensino/aprendizagem de língua estrangeira, pois, quando se estuda uma língua estrangeira, é imprescindível, também, atentar-se para a cultura, bem como a identidade da língua em estudo. Tomando como base a língua, será discutida a visão da mesma, tendo como pressupostos teóricos a concepção estruturalista de Ferdinand Saussure (2000 e contemporânea de Mikhail Bakhtin (1986. No tocante a cultura, serão apontadas questões que visam à importância de se trabalhar aspectos culturais no ensino de língua estrangeira, com vistas a serem abordados não como acréscimo na aula, mas como elementos indispensáveis. Por fim, com base em Rajagopalan (1998, Beato (2004, dentre outros, será discutida a concepção de identidade, bem como sua constante transformação, com vistas a perceber a importância da identidade no ensino de língua estrangeira, pois esta pode favorecer o entendimento do entorno que envolve o eu e o outro no espaço de confluências, a saber, a sala de aula.

  7. Truth was an early casualty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sich, A.R.

    1996-05-01

    At a May 1986 press conference in Moscow-held just 11 days after the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station-the cult of high technology was unabashedly preached to an auditorium full of shocked news correspondents and invited guests. When questioned as to the number of fatalities the accident had caused and the impact of the accident on Soviet society and the Soviet nuclear industry, A.M. Petrosyants (then chairman of the Soviet State Committee on the Utilization of Atomic Energy) responded: {open_quotes}Science requires victims.{close_quotes} The Soviet system numbered its victims in the millions. In a sense, the Chernobyl accident was just one of the many misfortunes misrepresented by the Soviet government over the decades in its continuing effort to shape public perceptions of domestic disasters, natural and manmade. And yet, the international character of the Chernobyl accident, the fact that radioactive fallout knows no national boundaries, made it a watershed event. The accident exposed glaring weaknesses in the Soviet system: its backward technology, its sloppy safety standards, its inability to admit failure. And it brought to the surface many of the injustices, inefficiencies, and secrets that the Soviet government had tried to keep hidden. With the world`s spotlight focused on Chernobyl, General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev was left with little choice other than to prove to the West his dedication to reform by more fully implementing his recently announced policy of glasnost or `openness.` In turn, glasnost was a major factor that led to the demise of the Soviet Union, which embodied a system that was fundamentally at odds with freedom of expression and accessibile information. Unfortunately, old habits die hard. Ten years after the accident, many nuclear bureaucrats in the former Soviet Union, partiularly in Russia, are still too secretive and too much given to obfuscation.

  8. A pausa que refresca... Tempo e espaço nas propagandas da Coca-Cola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lúcia Furquim de Campos

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Com base nas reflexões de Mikhail Bakhtin (1988 sobre cronótopo e nos estudos dos semióticos, principalmente no que tange ao percurso passional do sujeito, analisamos propagandas impressas e comerciais televisivos da Coca-Cola. O objetivo principal é traçar a trajetória discursiva da Coca-Cola desde sua entrada no Brasil, em 1941, até a campanha Gostoso é viver, lançada em 2001. O discurso da Coca-Cola apresenta valores positivos como a alegria, emoção e prazer. Entretanto, são eliminados valores negativos e ocultados interditos, como: Coca-Cola é um produto norte-americano e industrializado, portanto, não é natural, engorda e vicia. Constrói-se, assim, um discurso que privilegia aspectos temáticos voltados para os estados passionais eufóricos (paixão, emoção, alegria. A Coca-Cola também reforça a idéia de que está presente em todo tempo e lugar. Assim, as categorias espaço-temporais são elementos importantes para a construção de sentido de suas propagandas. Reafirmando os mesmos valores e mantendo as categorias cronotópicas para a construção de sentido de suas propagandas, a Coca-Cola consolida a idéia de onipotência, ou seja, ela tem o "poder" de refrescar, trazer alegria, provovar emoção e satisfazer prazeres. Cria-se, assim, um estilo, isto é, uma identidade calcada em categorias divinas, tais como onipresença e onipotência.

  9. Validation of the BPLab® 24-hour blood pressure monitoring system in a pediatric population according to the 1993 British Hypertension Society protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ledyaev MY

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Mikhail Y Ledyaev, Olga V Stepanova, Anastasia M Ledyaeva Department of Pediatric Disease, Volgograd State Medical University, Volgograd, Russian Federation Background: Automatic 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP monitoring (ABPM is a basic procedure performed in adults with arterial hypertension, but ABPM monitors have become widely used in pediatric practice only recently. The main problem is the lack of common normative data sets for ABPM in children and the small number of appropriate monitors that can be used for analysis of the 24-hour BP profile in this age group. The aim of this study was to validate the BPLab® ABPM monitor according to the 1993 British Hypertension Society (BHS-93 protocol, as well as to work out solutions regarding the feasibility of this device in pediatric practice. Methods: Our study included 30 children of both sexes and aged 5–15 years, ie, “older” children according to the BHS-93 protocol. Before starting the study, we obtained ethical approval from the regional scientific ethics committee. All participants and their parents signed their written consent for participation in the study. The data were simultaneously obtained by three experts, who had completed a noninvasive BP measurement training course. BP values were measured using the Korotkoff auscultatory method (Phase I for systolic BP and Phase V for diastolic BP. Discrepancies in the systolic and diastolic BP measurements (n=180; 90 for each expert were analyzed according to the criteria specified in the BHS-93 protocol. Results: The device was graded “A” for both systolic BP and diastolic BP according to the criteria of the BHS-93 protocol. Conclusion: The BPLab ABPM device may be recommended for extensive pediatric use. Keywords: ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, children, device, validation 

  10. Uma poética do silêncio: trauma, representação e linguagem em "Fuga da morte", de Paul Celan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Esther Torinho

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7917.2014v19n2p107 No poema Fuga da morte, Paul Celan nos apresenta situações vivenciadas por ele mesmo em um campo de concentração nazista, o que insere o poema no contexto da Literatura de testemunho; trata-se de um poema imbuído de alta carga dramática, no qual conteúdo e forma aliam-se para oferecer uma leitura densa, carregada de significado. Pode-se perceber, no poema, que o silêncio comanda a cena, exprimindo, por meio das diversas lacunas deixadas por uma linguagem fragmentada, aquilo que é difícil para o poeta exprimir, o que é indizível, o que leva o leitor a um sentimento de estranheza, apossando-se da significação apenas por etapas e por entre as lacunas. Este artigo aborda o poema a partir de conceitos relativos à Literatura de testemunho e a impossibilidade de representar o real (Roland Barthes; no plano formal, além de conceitos de Mikhail Bakhtin e de Barros e Fiorin sobre polifonia, dialogismo e interdiscursividade; além disso, partindo do conceito musical de fuga, conforme sugerido pelo título do poema e evidenciado no texto, é abordada a linguagem figurada – metáforas e metonímias, ironia e elipses, como estratégias do autor para enfrentar a aporia entre trauma e representação, tendo-se assim, uma poética do silêncio, nos quais as elipses e as metáforas adquirem papel fundamental.

  11. Emigration from Russia: New Trends and Forms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Alekseyevich Iontsev

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The subject-matter of this article is migration from Russia. The study deals with current aspects and new forms of emigration. The goal of this paper is to identify new patterns determining the emigration from Russia. The article views the emigration in a broad sense, including, in addition to classic emigration (i.e. leaving the home country for permanent residence in another country, various categories of return migration (labor migration, shuttle traders, seasonal migration, episodic migration, economic tourism, business migration, education abroad, etc.. With the emergence of these new forms and categories, there is a need to clarify the migration concepts. This analysis is built on a broad historical perspective on emigration, which has been a typical phenomenon for Russia over the last three centuries. The article is based on such economic theories, as the human capital theory, new economic theory of migration, Todaro’s economic theory of migration and other. In this article, a variety of methods are used, including historical analogy, statistical and mathematical approaches, sociological and econometric models. The article analyzes the patterns of modern emigration from Russia. It also considers certain aspects in the legal regulation of migration processes, with a focus on emigrants, including potential emigrants. In conclusion, the article notes the need for the state control of emigration processes. This means not so much the improvement of statistical records for this group of migrants, but rather specific government measures aimed at providing the state support to these categories of migrants in order to prevent the nonreturn migration. In other words, it is not aimed at banning the emigration (a measure, the adverse effects of which were noted as long ago as by Mikhail Lomonosov, but at providing the state support to these categories of migrants in order to prevent the non-return migration. The findings of this research can be

  12. Academician V.F. Utkin, General Designer of Space Launch Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konyukhov, S.; Novykov, O.

    2002-01-01

    Academician Vladimir Fedorovich Utkin was an outstanding scientist and designer of rocket and space machinery, Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, Twice Hero of Socialist Labor, Lenin Prize and USSR State Prize winner, bearer of six Orders of Lenin and many other government awards. For 19 years, 1971 - 1990, V. F. Utkin held a position of General Designer in Yuzhnoye SDO having inherited this post from Academician Mikhail Kuzmich Yangel - Yuhnoye's founder. From 1990 till 2000 V. F. Utkin headed Central Scientific Research Institute of Machinery of Russia (TsNIIMash) as its General Designer. Under leadership of V. F. Utkin Yuzhnoye SDO designed several generations of unique strategic missile systems that laid the foundation for Rocket Strategic Forces of the Soviet Union and Russia, subsequently, developed one of the largest high-performance liquid- propellant ICBM SS-18 (Satan), solid-propellant ICBM SS-24 designed for both silo and rail- road deployment, environment friendly Zenit launch vehicle, delivered more than three hundred military, scientific and environmental satellites with tasks. A series of complicated scientific and technical problems has been resolved, a number of unique designing and technological solutions has been implemented in course of development, e.g. separating and orbital warheads, pop-up launch of heavy missiles from a container, continuous and persistent combat duty of liquid-propellant missiles, missile tolerance to nuclear explosion damage, liberation of vessels from ice captivity in the Arctic Ocean using Cosmos-1500 satellite - ancestor of the Ocean satellite constellation designed for accomplishment of seafaring tasks. The existing Russian Program for Rocket and Space Machinery development was designed under leadership of V.F. Utkin.

  13. 穿行于现代与后现代之间--《凶年纪事》复调话语的空间维度%Crossing the Modernism and Postmodernism-The Space Dimension of the Polyphonic Discourse in Diary of a Bad Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓媛; 杨毅隆

    2013-01-01

    后现代主义在消解了深度感、历史感和主体性之后进入了一个“杂语”的时代。巴赫金的“复调”之义正在于此,不同的语言,不同的声音彼此相互对话交流。后殖民文学代表人物J.M.库切借助于现代主义和后现代主义的表现形式,通过杂糅了虚构与非虚构,在《凶年纪事》中以其独特叙述方式向我们展示了一个多声部的世界,使作品极端地体现其复调话语无限的空间维度。%Dispelling the depth perception , historical sense and the subjectivity , postmodernism steps into the world of polypho-ny, which is also the focus of Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin who advocates the equal communication among different languages , dif-ferent voices .With the help of manifestation patterns of modernism and postmodernism , mixing fabrication and non -fiction narra-tive methods, the representative of post -colonialist literature, J.M.Coetzee, demonstrates us a polyphonic world with using the u-nique narration modes in Diary of a Bad Year .In the novel , which make the novel full of limitless space dimension .

  14. Towards a theoretical underpinning of the book arts: Applying Bakhtin’s dialogism and heteroglossia to selected examples of the artist’s book

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Paton

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Recent research projects and conferences devoted to the book arts have responded to Johanna Drucker’s 2005 call that a more rigorous theoretical underpinning of the field of book art production needs to be established urgently. Yet these projects and conferences, resultant from the participation of artists and other practitioners in the field, not surprisingly, have biased their discussions on the book arts towards practice and away from theory. In establishing that a need still exists for an appropriate lens through which the artist’s book might be more rigorously and theoretically examined, this article explored the following publications: Stéphane Mallarmé and Marcel Broodthaers’s Un coup de dés, Buzz Spector’s reductive Marcel Broodthaers, Ulises Carrión’s For fans and scholars alike and Helen Douglas and Telfer Stokes’s Real fiction. These specific examples, and particularly their relationships and dialogues which each other, were examined through a lens provided by the Russian philosopher and literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin’s writings on dialogism and heteroglossia. These critical terms, which demonstrate the dialogic, multivocal and heteroglot voices between works in history and within themselves, as cultural utterances, were shown to be appropriate and useful frames for the analysis of particular qualities which enunciate the presence of artists’ books in the world: self-consciousness, discursive perceptivity and reflexivity. I therefore, applied Bakhtin’s notions of dialogism and heteroglossia to the task of proposing a theoretical foundation for the artist’s book, as a dynamic visual language, which is relational and engaged in a process of endless redescriptions of the world.

  15. PREFACE: 2nd International School and Conference Saint-Petersburg OPEN on Optoelectronics, Photonics, Engineering and Nanostructures (SPbOPEN2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    The 2nd International School and Conference ''Saint Petersburg OPEN 2015'' on Optoelectronics, Photonics, Engineering and Nanostructures was held on April 6 - 8, 2015 at St. Petersburg Academic University. The School and Conference included a series of invited talks given by leading professors with the aim to introduce young scientists with actual problems and major advances in physics and technology. The keynote speakers were Mikhail V. Maximov (Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute RAS, Russia) Vladimir G. Dubrovskii (St. Petersburg Academic University and St. Petersburg State University, Russia) Anton Yu. Egorov (JSC Connector Optics, Russia) Victor V. Luchinin (St. Petersburg State Electrotechnical University, Russia) Vladislav E. Bugrov (St. Petersburg University of Internet Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, Russia) Vitali A. Schukin (VI Systems, Germany) Yuri P. Svirko (University of Eastern Finland, Finland) During the poster session all undergraduate and graduate students attending the conference presented their works. A sufficiently large number of participants, with more than 170 student attendees from all over the world, allowed the Conference to provide a fertile ground for fruitful discussions between the young scientists as well as to become a perfect platform for valuable discussions between student authors and highly experienced scientists. The best student papers, which were selected by the Program Committee and by the invited speakers basing on the theses and their poster presentation, were awarded with diplomas of the conference - see the photos. This year ''Saint Petersburg OPEN 2015'' is organized by St. Petersburg Academic University in cooperation with Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University. The School and Conference is supported by Russian Science Foundation, SPIE (The International Society for Optics and Photonics), OSA (The Optical Society) and by Skolkovo Foundation. It is a continuation of the annual schools and seminars for

  16. A Bakhtinian Reading of William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahar Al-Keshwan

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to analyze the language and the dialogue between characters in William Faulkner’s The Sound and The Fury and its conflict with the reality of the author. The tradition of the Compson family implies duality in this novel. Except Dilsey, the corrupted aristocratic values in the Compson family reflect the author’s “dramatization of what he understood as a reality” (1. Faulkner is aware of the corrupted traditions that the family adopt, yet this awareness failed to convey his real narrative voice. This contradiction identifies “the conflict between the autonomy of the artist and his immersion in the history” (1. This conflict is revealed in Faulkner’s characters in their struggle between order and chaos, and resurrection and renewal. Each one of this family defines the chaos in different way. For instance, Quentin relies on his old tradition to provide order; Jason attempts to use the old tradition for his personal gain; Benjy also attempts to rely on his old traditions, but he becomes upset when he fails in providing this order. The only person who represents the real aim of the author is Dilsey. Dilsey wants to renew the old values by relying on love, faith, and hard work. Yet, Faulkner does not focus on specific perspective. He uses different perspectives and narratives and that creates difficulty in conveying Faulkner’s real voice. The Sound and The Fury may be represented as an important novel in exploring the old Christian traditions and the aristocratic values, the modern society that adopt these values, and the real aim of the author in leaving these values and renew them. The result as Bakhtin argues that basic reality of this conflict could be found in the author’s character rather than the speech and the discourse of the other character. Keywords: William Faulkner, The Sound and the Fury, Polyglossia, Heteroglossia, Chronotope, Mikhail Mickheilovich Bakhtin

  17. Displays of authority in the clinical consultation: a linguistic ethnographic study of the electronic patient record.

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    Swinglehurst, Deborah

    2014-10-01

    The introduction of computers into general practice settings has profoundly changed the dynamics of the clinical consultation. Previous research exploring the impact of the computer (in what has been termed the 'triadic' consultation) has shown that computer use and communication between doctor and patient are intricately coordinated and inseparable. Swinglehurst et al. have recently been critical of the ongoing tendency within health communication research to focus on 'the computer' as a relatively simple 'black box', or as a material presence in the consultation. By re-focussing on the electronic patient record (EPR) and conceptualising this as a complex collection of silent but consequential voices, they have opened up new and more nuanced possibilities for analysis. This orientation makes visible a tension between the immediate contingencies of the interaction as it unfolds moment-by-moment and the more standardised, institutional demands which are embedded in the EPR ('dilemma of attention'). In this paper I extend this work, presenting an in-depth examination of how participants in the consultation manage this tension. I used linguistic ethnographic methods to study 54 video recorded consultations from a dataset collected between 2007 and 2008 in two UK general practices, combining microanalysis of the consultation with ethnographic attention to the wider organisational and institutional context. My analysis draws on the theoretical work of Erving Goffman and Mikhail Bakhtin, incorporating attention to the 'here and now' of the interaction as well as an appreciation of the 'distributed' nature of the EPR, its role in hosting and circulating new voices, and in mediating participants' talk and social practices. It reveals - in apparently fleeting moments of negotiation and contestation - the extent to which the EPR shapes the dynamic construction, display and circulation of authority in the contemporary consultation.

  18. Joint modelling of flood peaks and volumes: A copula application for the Danube River

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    Papaioannou George

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Flood frequency analysis is usually performed as a univariate analysis of flood peaks using a suitable theoretical probability distribution of the annual maximum flood peaks or peak over threshold values. However, other flood attributes, such as flood volume and duration, are necessary for the design of hydrotechnical projects, too. In this study, the suitability of various copula families for a bivariate analysis of peak discharges and flood volumes has been tested. Streamflow data from selected gauging stations along the whole Danube River have been used. Kendall’s rank correlation coefficient (tau quantifies the dependence between flood peak discharge and flood volume settings. The methodology is applied to two different data samples: 1 annual maximum flood (AMF peaks combined with annual maximum flow volumes of fixed durations at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 and 60 days, respectively (which can be regarded as a regime analysis of the dependence between the extremes of both variables in a given year, and 2 annual maximum flood (AMF peaks with corresponding flood volumes (which is a typical choice for engineering studies. The bivariate modelling of the extracted peak discharge - flood volume couples is achieved with the use of the Ali-Mikhail-Haq (AMH, Clayton, Frank, Joe, Gumbel, Hüsler-Reiss, Galambos, Tawn, Normal, Plackett and FGM copula families. Scatterplots of the observed and simulated peak discharge - flood volume pairs and goodness-of-fit tests have been used to assess the overall applicability of the copulas as well as observing any changes in suitable models along the Danube River. The results indicate that for the second data sampling method, almost all of the considered Archimedean class copula families perform better than the other copula families selected for this study, and that for the first method, only the upper-tail-flat copulas excel (except for the AMH copula due to its inability to model stronger relationships.

  19. The Geologic Nitrogen Cycle and its Relationship to Oxygenation of the Early Earth

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    Catling, D. C.

    2015-12-01

    There is no evidence that the partial pressure of atmospheric nitrogen (pN2) changed greatly in the Phanerozoic but the Precambrian is different. Some suggest that Archean pN2 was higher because it would pressure broaden absorption lines of greenhouse gases and counteract a fainter young Sun [1]. However, analysis of raindrop imprints and fluid inclusions indicate that pN2 was no more than ~0.5-1.2 bar [2, 3] while basalt vesicles show pN2 oxygenation can be understood by comparing modern and ancient fluxes. Today, the long-term N source is from volcanism and metamorphism as well as oxidative weathering of organics. The geologic sink is the burial of organic matter, with minor subduction. But in the Archean, ammonium would have been the dominant N species in seawater. NH4+ substitutes for K+ in seafloor phyllosilicates. NH4+ in silicates can be stable under igneous and metamorphic conditions. Thus, the subduction sink should have been larger. Moreover, the N source from oxidative weathering was absent. With a more efficient geologic sink than today and smaller relative degassing, the steady-state pN2 would be lower. Nitrogen levels can be modeled and with plausible fluxes, Archean pN2 is lower. Once O2 becomes available, nitrifying chemoautotrophs make nitrate and the sink via ammonium declines. A speculative possibility is that oxidized sediments after the Great Oxidation raised the redox state in subduction zones. Higher oxygen fugacity would lead to more N2 degassing [5]. In any case, pN2 changes need not have been monotonic. [1] Goldblatt C. et al. (2009) Nat Geosci 2, 891-896. [2] Som S. M. et al. (2012) Nature 484, 359-362. [3] Marty B. et al. (2013) Science 342, 101-104. [4] Som S. M. et al. (2015), submitted. [5] Mikhail S., Sverjensky D. A. (2014) Nat Geosci 7, 816-819.

  20. Contemporary views on human aging and longevity

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    Chmielewski Piotr

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Aging is currently stimulating intense interest of both researchers and the general public. In developed countries, the average life expectancy has increased by roughly 30 years within the last century, and human senescence has been delayed by around a decade. Although aging is arguably the most familiar aspect of human biology, its proximate and ultimate causes have not been elucidated fully and understood yet. Nowadays there are two main approaches to the ultimate causes of aging. These are deterministic and stochastic models. The proximate theories constitute a distinct group of explanations. They focus on mechanistic causes of aging. In this view, there is no reason to believe that there is only one biological mechanism responsible for aging. The aging process is highly complex and results from an accumulation of random molecular damage. Currently, the disposable soma theory (DST, proposed by Thomas Kirkwood, is the most influential and coherent line of reasoning in biogerontology. This model does not postulate any particular mechanism underpinning somatic defense. Therefore, it is compatible with various models, including mechanistic and evolutionary explanations. Recently, however, an interesting theory of hyper-function of mTOR as a more direct cause of aging has been formulated by Mikhail Blagosklonny, offering an entirely different approach to numerous problems and paradoxes in current biogerontology. In this view, aging is quasi-programmed, which means that it is an aimless continuation of developmental growth. This mTOR-centric model allows the prediction of completely new relationships. The aim of this article is to present and compare the views of both parties in the dispute, based on the results of some recent experimental studies, and the contemporary knowledge of selected major aspects of human aging and longevity

  1. Alternative legacies: Artist projects in history museums & the importance of context

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    Lyndsey Boekenkamp

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The primary focus of this paper is to investigate why artists are drawn to working in history museums, and how an artist-driven critique of museum practices encourages dialogue about artistic and historical authority, and the role of the museum. Drawing from the fields of public history, art history, anthropology, and journalism, this study argues that artists play an important role in fostering multiple interpretations within traditional historical and academically informed museum practices. The primary theorists influencing this study include Art Historian, Douglas Crimp and his analysis of postmodernism; Professor of Art Education, Dipti Desai and her theory of ethnographic shift; Modern European Historian, Susan Crane and her theory of disruption or “excess of memory”; English Professor, Bettina Carbonell and her theory of “bearing witness”; and Patricia Romney’s analysis of Russian Philosopher, Mikhail Bakhtin and his theory of dialogism. As an outgrowth of this pre-existing scholarship, this study sought to prove that artists were better positioned to intervene in and manipulate traditional museum practices, not because they helped facilitate shared authority, but because they asserted their own artistic authority in the creation of alternative narratives. Through an analysis comparing Fred Wilson’s installation Liberty/Liberte—shown first in the 2006-2007 exhibition Legacies: Contemporary Artists Reflect on Slavery at the New-York Historical Society, and then in its current placement as part of the Historical Society’s official renovations—this study instead concludes that artists are more than capable of successful interventions in non-art environments – specifically, history museums. However, the context in which the artwork is placed, as well as the conversation between the artist and the institution throughout the duration of any project, has the power to make or break the success of these artist interventions.

  2. Dialogism and Carnival in Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse: A Bakhtinian Reading

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    Hamed Faizi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mikhail Bakhtin's dialogism in a novel promises the creation of a domain of interactive context for different voices which results in a polyphonic discourse. Instead of trying to suppress each other, the voices of the novel interact upon the other voices in a way that none of them tries to silent the other ones, and each one has the opportunity to express itself. In Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse, although some voices attempt to be more dominant, all are allowed to be heard and interact with the other ones. In this way Mrs. Ramsay acts like a link that helps to create a dialogic discourse by respecting the voices of all the other participants. Consequently a carnivalesque narrative discourse is established through which the voices that yield to be dominant, which is mainly Mr. Ramsay’s voice, could not be established as a hierarchical position and even it loses its authoritative position as the other characters attend the dialogue in the context of the novel. The present article will take it to track the policies of dialogism and carnival in Woolf’s novel and to search the production of meaning via the emergence and development of these policies. The activity in it of dialogism is the cause of unfinalizability which is the vital feature of dialogism that allows the permanent operation of dialogue upon the course of time and prevents the establishment of hierarchical positions of power. The article will also take to extrapolate the different phases in the creation of this sense of dialogism in the novel and especially highlighting the role of Mrs. Ramsay in the fabrication of such a sense. Keywords: Bakhtin, Woolf, To the Light House, Dialogism, Carnivalesque, Unfinalizability

  3. Studies of the Belukha glacier plexus in the context of global glacio-climatic monitoring (on the 100th anniversary of the first ascent of the Belukha Mountain

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    V. S. Revyakin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Belukha Mountain is the highest peak of the Altai. On July 26 (7th August in the new time scale of 1914 the brothers Boris and Mikhail Tronov discovered the mountain and were the first people to climb it. The Tronov Glacier is named after them. The Belukha glacier plexus is now subject to intensive degradation caused by current climate warming. There are changes in the processes of ice-forming, the temperature regime, and the stratigraphic characteristics. The mountain slope processes have become more active. The glacier length has decreased by 1.5–2.0 km, their area shortened almost by 20%, and the volume – by 10–12%. The snow-coverage of slopes has decreased, and positions of the ice-forming zones have correspondingly changed. Analysis of cores from the borehole drilled by the international expedition of 2003 on the west plateau of the Tronov Glacier has made it possible to better refine the character and seasonality of the glaciers alimentation. It is supposed that 11 thousand years ago no glacier existed here.The glacier plexus of the Belukha Mountain area is a natural reference point to monitor the state of glacierization and to justify predicted glacio-climatic situations. We propose to organize an international project aimed at the monitoring of these glacier areas and then to prepare a joint monograph devoted to its glacio-climatic characteristics. This could be performed in the framework of the Russian-Kazakh international programs with participation of scientists from other countries. Now is the right time to prepare summarizing monographs on glacierization of the main glacier clusters in the Russian mountains, similar to the series of books on representative glacier basins in USSR published in the 1980s. The Belukha glaciers should certainly be included in this series.

  4. Development of the scientific heritage of M.E. Deich in the sphere of the gas dynamics of two-phase media (On the 100th anniversary of his birthday)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avetisyan, A. R.; Lazarev, L. Ya.

    2017-07-01

    This article is a brief overview of some scientific and engineering ideas in the sphere of two-phase gas dynamics that were developed by the team of the Problem Laboratory of Turbomachines, Department of Steam and Gas Turbines, Moscow Power Engineering Institute (NRU MPEI, National Research University), under the leadership of Mikhail Efimovich Deich since 1963 and the analysis of their development and influence on the current state of the problem. At the early stages of the studies on two-phase media, the problem of the measurement of physical parameters of phases was especially urgent. The characteristics of probes for the measurement of one-phase flows in the presence of drops were studied, and the corrections for the influence of the second phase were obtained. However, the main focus was the development of new methods, and the optical method using a laser light source that is currently used at the leading laboratories of the world was chosen as the main method. The study of the wet-steam flow in nozzles is one of the first stages of the research on the problem. In these studies, the wave structure of supersonic wet-steam flows (condensation jumps and shock waves, Mach waves, turbulent condensation, periodic condensation nonstationarity, etc.) was investigated in detail. At present, like in the earlier studies, much attention is paid to the study of the influence of the addition of surface-active substance (SASs) on the wet-steam flow. The study of the wet-steam motion in steam-turbine stages was performed simultaneously with physical studies as the practical application of the obtained results. The development of computer technology in the 21st century contributed to the elaboration of the theoretical methods for the calculation of wet-steam flows in elements of power devices.

  5. Balzak and Ukraine

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    F. Ya. Stupak

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the history dating and marriage prominent French writer Honore de Balzac and the Polish lady, Russian subjects, Countess Evelina Ganskoy. Specified works that Balzac dedicated Ghana, disclosed his circle of acquaintances among writers of the time, treatment and evaluation of works of other writers. Shows quotes from the letter writer who show attitude and understanding of various life issues. Deals with the history of travel writer to Ukraine, visiting his estate Ganskoy in Ukrainian Village Verhivnya and a description of Kyiv, the impressions of these journeys. We give a brief description of famous historical figures of the past, statesman, benefactor I. Fundukleya. Served thought of another famous French writer mile Zola E outlined on the issue. They help to identify the characteristics of the atmosphere and the relationship of that era, to form a portrait of Balzac from different perspectives and ideas. His marriage to Countess Hanska, according to Zola, was the most significant event in the life of Balzac. Balzac ­ the genius who became a genius diligence, a man of great heart and a great mind. The content of archival material cases of Ghanaian ancestry family. Some archival files contain a variety of economic and property information, hereditary material. We give an interesting and important facts of the biography of the family. The author found two archival cases that are of particular interest. They relate to prominent commander Mikhail Kutuzov. This litigation between Vaclav and Sophia Ghanaian and General Kutuzov on the delimitation of estates. The life of M. Kutuzov was associated with Volyn and Podolia.

  6. Transcultural Space and the Writer

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    Inez Baranay

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available (1 As a long time writer, I always found, even before I began to publish, that my work was difficult to categorise, even while categories seemed essential for publication, reception and visibility. (2 In this personal essay, I apply the notion of the transcultural to a short writing [auto]biography. The methodology adopted for this purpose is a form of autoethnography: “a form of self-reflection and writing that explores the researcher’s personal experience and connects this autobiographical story to wider cultural, political, and social meanings and understandings”1 to explore how my immigrant background and transcultural lived experience is reflected in my creative writing, and to give an account of how my literary output has been placed in various but always restrictive pre-existing categories. I am also encouraged by Mikhail Epstein’s proposed “scriptorics”, the study of the one who writes Each section of the essay is divided into two: the first sections provide a succinct version of the issues in a developing writer’s life, framed by the need for the practice and production to “belong” somewhere; the second sections take them to a posited “Transcultural Space” where the work seems more authentically to have originated and in which it seems to be more perceptively read. (3 The result is not so much a conventional academic article as a fiction writer’s reflection on her work in the embrace of an inclusive and meaning-making realm.

  7. Application of Archimedean copulas to the impact assessment of hydro-climatic variables in semi-arid aquifers of western India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wable, Pawan S.; Jha, Madan K.

    2017-08-01

    The effects of rainfall and the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on groundwater in a semi-arid basin of India were analyzed using Archimedean copulas considering 17 years of data for monsoon rainfall, post-monsoon groundwater level (PMGL) and ENSO Index. The evaluated dependence among these hydro-climatic variables revealed that PMGL-Rainfall and PMGL-ENSO Index pairs have significant dependence. Hence, these pairs were used for modeling dependence by employing four types of Archimedean copulas: Ali-Mikhail-Haq, Clayton, Gumbel-Hougaard, and Frank. For the copula modeling, the results of probability distributions fitting to these hydro-climatic variables indicated that the PMGL and rainfall time series are best represented by Weibull and lognormal distributions, respectively, while the non-parametric kernel-based normal distribution is the most suitable for the ENSO Index. Further, the PMGL-Rainfall pair is best modeled by the Clayton copula, and the PMGL-ENSO Index pair is best modeled by the Frank copula. The Clayton copula-based conditional probability of PMGL being less than or equal to its average value at a given mean rainfall is above 70% for 33% of the study area. In contrast, the spatial variation of the Frank copula-based probability of PMGL being less than or equal to its average value is 35-40% in 23% of the study area during El Niño phase, while it is below 15% in 35% of the area during the La Niña phase. This copula-based methodology can be applied under data-scarce conditions for exploring the impacts of rainfall and ENSO on groundwater at basin scales.

  8. The Efforts to Reintroduce the Mongol Tradition in the Crimean Khanate at the beginning of the 17th century: Baysa, Tat ve Tavgach »

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    Dariusz Kołodziejczyk

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The author examines the different ways, by which foreign borrowings were adopted in the Office of the Crimean Khanate. On the one hand, Tatars adopted specimens from the Moscow and Polish-Lithuanian Chancelleries (e.g. pendant seal, on the other hand, they sought to maintain and even restore ancient terminology related to the Genghisid and Central Asian tradition. Baysa with inscription providing certain rights and privileges on behalf of the ruler was used in the Genghisid Empire and ulus of Jochi. The first Crimean Tatar document, where we meet the term baysa, is a Charter of Shert sent by khan Mehmed III Giray to tsar Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov in September 1624. In 1634, Janibek Giray also wrote about the “golden baysa” apparently as a synonym of seal. Until the mid–17th century, mention of baysa occurs only in the text of the Crimean Charters of Shert sent to Moscow. From 1654, charters with a golden baysa was sent to the Polish king as well. A new form of solemn khan’s charters began to change under the influence of the development of office practice in Moscow and Warsaw. In the same period in the khan’s intitulation appears the formula “the great Padishah of Tat ve Tavgach” – new elements related to the Genghisid and ancient Turkic tradition of Central Asia. Consequently, according to the author, the latter change could be associated with the activities of Shahin Giray and his stay in Persia, or this innovation was imported from the Siberian Khanate.

  9. Profile of peginesatide and its potential for the treatment of anemia in adults with chronic kidney disease who are on dialysis

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    Mikhail A

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Ashraf MikhailRenal Unit, Morriston Hospital, Swansea University, Wales, UKAbstract: Peginesatide is a synthetic, dimeric peptide that is covalently linked to polyethylene glycol (PEG. The amino acid sequence of peginesatide is unrelated to that of erythropoietin (EPO and is not immunologically cross-reactive with EPO. Peginesatide binds to and activates the human EPO receptor, stimulating the proliferation and differentiation of human red cell precursors in vitro in a manner similar to other EPO-stimulating agents (ESAs. In Phase II and III studies in dialysis and predialysis patients, peginesatide administered once monthly was as effective as epoetin alfa given thrice weekly (dialysis patients or darbepoetin given once weekly (nondialysis patients, in correcting anemia of chronic kidney disease as well as maintaining hemoglobin within the desired target range. In the dialysis population, the reported side-effect profile of peginesatide was comparable to that known with other marketed ESAs. In the nondialysis studies, compared with those treated with darbepoetin, patients treated with peginesatide experienced a higher adverse-effect profile. Peginesatide is likely to be licensed for treatment of renal anemia in dialysis patients and not in nondialysis patients. Despite this limitation, peginesatide is likely to prove valuable in treating dialysis patients because of its infrequent mode of administration, thereby allowing for a reduced number of injections, with associated better compliance, reduced cold storage requirement, and improved stock accountability. PEGylated therapeutic proteins can elicit immunological response to the PEG moiety of the therapeutic complex. Only long-term experience and post-marketing surveillance will address whether this immunological response will have any impact on the clinical efficacy or safety of peginesatide in clinical practice.Keywords: peginesatide, dialysis, chronic kidney disease

  10. Heteroglossia and Fragmentariness in the Absent Therapist by Will Eaves

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    Drąg Wojciech

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In “Discourse in the Novel” Mikhail Bakhtin argues that heteroglossia - a diversity of voices or languages - is one of the essential properties of the novel. The distinct languages spoken by individual characters (referred to as “character speech”, he maintains, inevitably affect “authorial speech”. In experimental fiction, where “authorial speech” is often eliminated altogether, one can speak of the most radical instance of novelistic polyphony. Whereas in The Sound and the Fury, The Waves and B.S. Johnson’s House Mother Normal in place of the narrator the reader is presented with several parallel voices which offer an alternative version of some of the same incidents, Will Eaves’s The Absent Therapist (2014 comprises 150 one- or two-page monologues, each of which is delivered by a different nameless speaker. The book, described by reviewers as an “experimental novella”, a “miniature novel”, and an “anti-novel”, is devoid of any frame that would account for the coexistence of so many stories. The only interpretive clues are provided in the paratext: the title and the dedication from 1 Corinthians (“There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and none of them is without signification”. They appear to invite the reading of the entire text as an amalgam of disparate (but also, in large part, desperate voices united by their addressee - the figure of the therapist who is not there. The aim of the article is to examine Eaves’s assemblage of voices and outline the tenuous relationship between the sections. The analysis of common themes and motifs that provide a degree of qualified unity to the book’s multiple monologues is situated in the context of fragmentary writing (as practised, among others, by Burroughs and Barthes and its postmodernist aesthetics of the collage.

  11. Riboswitches as hormone receptors: hypothetical cytokinin-binding riboswitches in Arabidopsis thaliana

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    Downes Brian

    2010-10-01

    ligand binding, altered RNA conformation, and effect on gene expression. Each case will be different depending on the signaling pathway and the physiology involved. Implications of the hypothesis This would be a very direct signal perception mechanism for regulating gene expression; rivaling animal steroid hormone receptors, which are frequently ligand dependent transcription initiation factors. Riboswitch-regulated responses could occur by modulating target RNA stability, translatability, and alternative splicing - all known expression platforms used in riboswitches. The specific illustration presented, CRK10, implies a new mechanism for the perception of cytokinin, a classic plant hormone. Experimental support for the hypothesis would add breadth to the growing list of important functions attributed to riboswitches. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Anthony Poole, Rob Knight, Mikhail Gelfand.

  12. New quantum cascade laser sources for sensing applications (Conference Presentation)

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    Troccoli, Mariano

    2017-05-01

    In this presentation we will review our most recent results on development of Quantum Cascade Lasers (QCLs) for analytical and industrial applications. QCLs have demonstrated the capability to cover the entire range of Mid-IR, Far-IR, and THz wavelengths by skillful tuning of the material design and composition and by use of intrinsic material properties via a set of techniques collectively called "bandgap engineering". The use of MOCVD, pioneered on industrial scale by AdTech Optics, has enabled the deployment of QCL devices into a diverse range of environments and applications. QCLs can be tailored to the specific application requirements due to their unprecedented flexibility in design and thanks to the leveraging of well-known III-V fabrication technologies inherited from the NIR domain. Nevertheless, several applications and new frontiers in R and D need the constant support of new developments in device features, capabilities, and performances. We have developed a wide range of devices, from high power, high efficiency multi-mode sources, to narrow-band, single mode devices with low-power consumption, and from non-linear, multi-wavelength generating devices to broadband sources and multi-emitter arrays. All our devices are grown and processed using MOCVD technology and allow us to attain competitive performances across the whole mid-IR spectral range. This talk will present an overview of our current achievements. References 1. M. Troccoli, "High power emission and single mode operation of quantum cascade lasers for industrial applications", J. Sel. Topics in Quantum Electron., 21 (6), 1-7 (2015). Invited Review. 2. Seungyong Jung, Aiting Jiang, Yifan Jiang, Karun Vijayraghavan, Xiaojun Wang, Mariano Troccoli, and Mikhail A. Belkin, "Broadly Tunable Monolithic Terahertz Quantum Cascade Laser Sources", Nature Comm. 5, 4267 (2014).. 3. Mariano Troccoli, Arkadiy Lyakh, Jenyu Fan, Xiaojun Wang, Richard Maulini, Alexei G Tsekoun, Rowel Go, C Kumar N Patel, "Long

  13. Statistical methods for detecting periodic fragments in DNA sequence data

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    Ying Hua

    2011-04-01

    period detection in the presence of eroded periodicity. The autocorrelation method was identified as poorly suited for use with the blockwise bootstrap. Application of our methods to the genomes of two model organisms revealed a striking proportion of the yeast and mouse genomes are spanned by NPS. Despite their markedly different sizes, roughly equivalent proportions (19-21% of the genomes lie within period-10 spans of the NPS dinucleotides {AA, TT, TA}. The biological significance of these regions remains to be demonstrated. To facilitate this, the genomic coordinates are available as Additional files 1, 2, and 3 in a format suitable for visualisation as tracks on popular genome browsers. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Prof Tomas Radivoyevitch, Dr Vsevolod Makeev (nominated by Dr Mikhail Gelfand, and Dr Rob D Knight.

  14. Differentiation of human stem cells is promoted by amphiphilic pluronic block copolymers

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    Doğan A

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Aysegül Doğan,1 Mehmet E Yalvaç,1,2 Fikrettin Şahin,1 Alexander V Kabanov,3–5 András Palotás,6 Albert A Rizvanov71Department of Genetics and BioEngineering, College of Engineering and Architecture, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey; 2Center for Gene Therapy, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA; 3Center for Drug Delivery and Nanomedicine, 4Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Durham Research Center, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA; 5Laboratory of Chemical Design of Bio-nano-materials, Department of Chemistry, Mikhail V Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; 6Asklepios-Med, Szeged, Hungary; 7Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan (Volga Region Federal University, Kazan, RussiaAbstract: Stem cell usage provides novel avenues of tissue regeneration and therapeutics across disciplines. Apart from ethical considerations, the selection and amplification of donor stem cells remain a challenge. Various biopolymers with a wide range of properties have been used extensively to deliver biomolecules such as drugs, growth factors and nucleic acids, as well as to provide biomimetic surface for cellular adhesion. Using human tooth germ stem cells with high proliferation and transformation capacity, we have investigated a range of biopolymers to assess their potential for tissue engineering. Tolerability, toxicity, and their ability to direct differentiation were evaluated. The majority of pluronics, consisting of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic poly(ethylene oxide chains, either exerted cytotoxicity or had no significant effect on human tooth germ stem cells; whereas F68 increased the multi-potency of stem cells, and efficiently transformed them into osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipogenic tissues. The data suggest that differentiation and maturation of stem cells can be promoted by selecting the appropriate mechanical and chemical

  15. Predicting the pathway involved in post-translational modification of Elongation factor P in a subset of bacterial species

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    de Crécy-Lagard Valérie

    2010-01-01

    but only 200 (28% possess both yjeA and yjeK genes. In the other organisms, EF-P may be modified by another pathway or the translation machinery must have adapted to the lack of EF-P modification. Our hypotheses, if confirmed, will lead to the discovery of a new post-translational modification pathway. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Céline Brochier-Armanet, Igor B. Zhulin and Mikhail Gelfand. For the full reviews, please go to the Reviewers' reports section.

  16. Expanding NASA and Roscosmos Scientific Collaboration on the International Space Station

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    Hasbrook, Pete

    2016-01-01

    The International Space Station (ISS) is a world-class laboratory orbiting in space. NASA and Roscosmos have developed a strong relationship through the ISS Program Partnership, working together and with the other ISS Partners for more than twenty years. Since 2013, based on a framework agreement between the Program Managers, NASA and Roscosmos are building a joint program of collaborative research on ISS. This international collaboration is developed and implemented in phases. Initially, members of the ISS Program Science Forum from NASA and TsNIIMash (representing Roscosmos) identified the first set of NASA experiments that could be implemented in the "near term". The experiments represented the research categories of Technology Demonstration, Microbiology, and Education. Through these experiments, the teams from the "program" and "operations" communities learned to work together to identify collaboration opportunities, establish agreements, and jointly plan and execute the experiments. The first joint scientific activity on ISS occurred in January 2014, and implementation of these joint experiments continues through present ISS operations. NASA and TsNIIMash have proceeded to develop "medium term" collaborations, where scientists join together to improve already-proposed experiments. A major success is the joint One-Year Mission on ISS, with astronaut Scott Kelly and cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko, who returned from ISS in March, 2016. The teams from the NASA Human Research Program and the RAS Institute for Biomedical Problems built on their considerable experience to design joint experiments, learn to work with each other's protocols and processes, and share medical and research data. New collaborations are being developed between American and Russian scientists in complex fluids, robotics, rodent research and space biology, and additional human research. Collaborations are also being developed in Earth Remote Sensing, where scientists will share data from imaging

  17. CRISPR transcript processing: a mechanism for generating a large number of small interfering RNAs

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    Djordjevic Marko

    2012-07-01

    orders of magnitude increase of crRNAs upon cas overexpression. A crucial ingredient of this large increase is fast non-specific degradation by an unspecified nuclease, which suggests that a yet unidentified nuclease(s is a major control element of CRISPR response. Transcriptional regulation may be another important control mechanism, as it can either increase the amount of generated pre-crRNA, or alter the level of cas gene activity. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Mikhail Gelfand, Eugene Koonin and L Aravind.

  18. The correlation between CYP2D6 isoenzyme activity and haloperidol efficacy and safety profile in patients with alcohol addiction during the exacerbation of the addiction

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    Sychev DA

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Dmitry Alekseevich Sychev,1 Mikhail Sergeevich Zastrozhin,1–3 Valery Valerieevich Smirnov,4 Elena Anatolievna Grishina,1 Ludmila Mikhailovna Savchenko,1 Evgeny Alekseevich Bryun1,2 1Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 2Department of Public Health, Moscow Research and Practical Centre for Narcology, 3Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, 4National Research Center, Institute of Immunology Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russia, Moscow, Russia Background: Today, it is proved that isoenzymes CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 are involved in metabolism of haloperidol. In our previous investigation, we found a medium correlation between the efficacy and safety of haloperidol and the activity of CYP3A4 in patients with alcohol abuse.Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the activity of CYP2D6 and the efficacy and safety of haloperidol in patients with diagnosed alcohol abuse.Methods: The study involved 70 men (average age: 40.83±9.92 years with alcohol addiction. A series of psychometric scales were used in the research. The activity of CYP2D6 was evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry using the ratio of 6-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline to pinoline. Genotyping of CYP2D6 (1846G>A was performed using real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: According to results of correlation analysis, statistically significant values of Spearman correlation coefficient (rs between the activity of CYP2D6 and the difference of points in psychometric scale were obtained in patients receiving haloperidol in injection form (Sheehan Clinical Anxiety Rating Scale =-0.721 [P<0.001] and Udvald for Kliniske Undersogelser Side Effect Rating Scale =0.692 [P<0.001] and in those receiving haloperidol in tablet form (Covi Anxiety Scale =-0.851 [P<0.001] and Udvald for Kliniske Undersogelser Side Effect Rating Scale =0.797 [P<0.001].Conclusion

  19. A family of GFP-like proteins with different spectral properties in lancelet Branchiostoma floridae

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    Mushegian Arcady

    2008-07-01

    evolutionary history includes losses in several metazoan lineages and expansion in cephalochordates that resulted in the largest repertoire of GFP-like proteins known thus far in a single organism. Lancelet expresses several of its GFP-like proteins, which appear to have distinct spectral properties and perhaps diverse functions. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Shamil Sunyaev, Mikhail Matz (nominated by I. King Jordan and L. Aravind.

  20. POCHVENNICHESTVO IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE: THE METAPHOR AS IDEOLOGEME

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    Vladimir Nikolaevich Zakharov

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Original as it was, the phenomenon of pochvennichestvo (roughly translated as «native soil» in Russian thought and literature is often accompanied by a number of myths, misperceptions and erroneous commonplaces. It is not infrequent that those who never shared the ideas of pochvennichestvo are described as its adepts, and those who did, are often misquoted, with some notions, ideas and phrases misattributed to them. The ideological and literary agenda of pochvennichestvo was formed by the Vremya (1861-1863 and Epokha (1864-1865 magazines published by the brothers Dostoevsky — Fedor and Mikhail. Their outlook and vigorous action, discussions of submitted articles at board meetings, polemics with other periodicals — all of these factors contributed to the general trend of pochvennichestvo with its typical mutual influence of all its members. Fedor Dostoevsky's role on its development was decisive, as he kept consistently substantiating ideas which were new for Russian literature. Our article analyses the pochva (soil metaphor in the ideology of new school of literature and political movements which Dostoevsky helped set up in 1860s-1870s. According to him, pochva includes everything that gives birth and unites: people, homeland, native language and mother earth. They are all linked together by the mystery of Russia as the keeper of Orthodox faith and Christ as the «ideal of the people». One has to reunite with the pochva by becoming one with the people and strive to see all estates united. To be a pochvennik meant to love Russia and its people, to be a Russian and identify as one, to follow the faith of the fathers and honour the native land. In the 20th century, pochvennichestvo resolved the old argument between the Westernizers and Slavophiles. The word pochvennik was applied to the authors who stayed loyal to Russian traditional values, rural communities and traditions of Russian literature. Various authors and critics have been

  1. UNESCO Thematic Initiative ``Astronomy and World Heritage'': studies and research on technological heritage connected with space exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidorenko, Anna

    heritage connected with space exploration. In light with this, the World Heritage Centre contacted all main Space Agencies inviting them to support and contribute to the development, by ICOMOS, of the above-mentioned Global Thematic Study. Keywords • Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972) http://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext/ • World Heritage List http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/ • Thematic Initiative “Astronomy and World Heritage” http://whc.unesco.org/en/astronomy/ • Space heritage, by David DeVorkin and Mikhail Marov, Heritage Sites of Astronomy and Archaeoastronomy in the context of the UNESCO World Heritage Convention - A Thematic Study, Chapter 15, pages 229 - 237, ICOMOS/IAU http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/activities/documents/activity-631-1.pdf

  2. Measuring Glasnost in and out of the U.S.S.R.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutler, B

    1988-02-01

    Initiatives in the USSR, characterized by General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev as "glasnost" (openness) and "perestroika" (restructuring), come after almost a decade of change in the People's Republic of China, yet the Soviet experiment, which emphasizes market activities, is hardly a monolithic effort. In 1982, the 286 million Soviet citizens who live on 2 continents will be affected by "perestroika" in markedly different ways. The complex demographics of the USSR will figure significantly in determining those unequal effects. It is likely, if Gorbachev's campaign continues as intended, that patient exporters who explore the new Soviet arena to test their marketing skills will experience success. In fact, the USSR has been conducting business with the US for years. To date, nearly a dozen corporations have signed joint ventures with the Soviet Union, and at least 50 more have expressed an interest. Those companies with long-standing Soviet relationships are most interested; they are familiar with the bureaucratic obstacles and have a network of Soviet contacts. Gorbachev has made it clear that the Soviet economy needs basic foreign technology to move into the 21st century on an equal footing with other industrialized nations. Along with attracting foreign capital, the USSR must get its domestic house in order. The growth in the gross national product, which hovered at an annual 2.5% in the early 1980s, must double, according to the Twelfth Five Year Plan (1986-90). The 1988 population of 286 million has relatively few men, particularly in older age groups, and a growing ethnic mix. Of late, planners have made a concerted effort to narrow the gap among ethnic groups by expanding maternity benefits and health care. The most immediate consequences of the changing ethnic structure emerge in the labor force. Entry-level workers are scarce in European Russia, where about 60% of all Soviet industrial activity takes place and will become more scarce in coming years

  3. Late Tertiary andesites and basaltic andesites from Khangai, Khingan, and Vitim Plateau: geochemical similarities and differences of sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudneva, Nadezhda; Chuvashova, Irina; Rasskazov, Sergei; Yasnygina, Tatiana

    2015-04-01

    Inner Asia. The study is supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Grant 14-05-31328). Participation of N. Rudneva in the meeting is supported by the Mikhail Prokhorov Foundation.

  4. PREFACE: 1st International School and Conference "Saint Petersburg OPEN 2014" on Optoelectronics, Photonics, Engineering and Nanostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Dear Colleagues, 1st International School and Conference "Saint Petersburg OPEN 2014" on Optoelectronics, Photonics, Engineering and Nanostructures was held on March 25 - 27, 2014 at St. Petersburg Academic University - Nanotechnology Research and Education Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The School and Conference included a series of invited talks given by leading professors with the aim to introduce young scientists with actual problems and major advances in physics and technology. The keynote speakers were: Mikhail Glazov (Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute RAS, Russia) Vladimir Dubrovskii (Saint Petersburg Academic University RAS, Russia) Alexey Kavokin (University of Southampton, United Kingdom and St. Petersburg State University, Russia) Vladimir Korenev (Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute RAS, Russia) Sergey Kukushkin (Institute of Problems of Mechanical Engineering RAS, Russia) Nikita Pikhtin (Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute RAS, Russia and "Elfolum" Ltd., Russia) Dmitry Firsov (Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Russia) During the poster session all undergraduate and graduate students attending the conference presented their works. Sufficiently large number of participants with more than 160 student attendees from all over the world allowed the Conference to provide a fertile ground for the fruitful discussions between the young scientists as well as to become a perfect platform for the valuable discussions between student authors and highly experienced scientists. The best student papers, which were selected by the Program Committee and by the invited speakers basing on the theses and their poster presentation, were awarded with diplomas of the conference - see the photos. This year's School and Conference is supported by SPIE (The International Society for Optics and Photonics), OSA (The Optical Society), St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University and by Skolkovo Foundation. It is a continuation of the annual schools and

  5. Formação de professores e saberes docentes: trajetória e preocupações de uma pesquisadora da docência - uma entrevista com Ruth Mercado

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    Denise Trento Rebello de Souza

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A entrevista concedida pela pesquisadora mexicana Ruth Mercado Maldonado em outubro de 2013 traz importantes contribuições para o campo educacional ao tratar de temas contemporâneos a partir da experiência profissional de uma investigadora de renome internacional. Docente e pesquisadora do Departamiento de Investigaciones Educativas del Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (DIE-CINVESTAV, a Dra. Ruth Mercado mantém contato com pesquisadores brasileiros desde a década de 1980, debatendo temas envolvendo a etnografia e a formação de professores. A abordagem etnográfica, calcada na articulação entre trabalho empírico e conceitual, possibilita que a autora, a partir do pensamento de Agnes Heller, Mikhail Bakhtin e Lev Vigotsky, dentre outros, produza uma construção teórica própria acerca dos saberes docentes. Sua trajetória revela as concepções de uma pesquisadora que busca compreender a perspectiva do outro, distanciando-se dos olhares avaliativos e prescritivos comuns ao campo pedagógico. Na entrevista, a autora aborda, de modo instigante, questões atuais e relativas ao campo da formação inicial e continuada de professores: o processo de universitarização e suas implicações, o papel dos formadores, as relações entre cultura universitária e cultura escolar. Suas reflexões sobre a história da profissão docente no México e da criação de programas de mestrado profissional em diferentes países oferecem contribuições importantes para a comunidade educacional da América Latina. A leitura da entrevista envolve, assim, um convite à reflexão sobre os desafios que a universidade e seus profissionais enfrentam na construção de propostas de formação docente adequadas às necessidades, demandas e características próprias daqueles que atuam na educação básica.

  6. Bakhtinian Thought and the Defence of Narrative: Overcoming Universalism and Relativism

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    Hana Owen

    2011-11-01

    the work of Mikhail Bakhtin whose philosophy, it will be argued, both compliments and enhances narrative understanding and has considerable potential for generating a more inclusive and creative understanding of humanity, its relationships to others and to the world in which it is inextricably linked.

  7. A Year in Space: Early Results and Lessons Learned from the First Year-Long Expedition Aboard the International Space Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, J. B.; Bogomolov, V. V.

    2016-01-01

    Two ISS crewmembers recently completed the first year-long orbital stay in two decades. International cooperation was central to the success of Mikhail Kornienko from Russia and Scott Kelly from the United States. Their expedition leveraged current mission experience and capitalized on recent advances in health monitoring technology. This unique effort began in 2012 when the program managers of the ISS partner nations adopted two separate goals: greater multilateral cooperation to increase efficiency of inflight research and a year-long expedition to gain familiarity with in-flight durations approaching that required for a Mars mission. These goals were unified when a set of bilateral Russian and American human research investigations was assigned to the year-long mission, augmented by additional investigations from Europe and Japan. For example, Kelly was assigned 18 investigations (twice the complement on standard six-month missions) including two joint U.S.-Russian studies, and two Russian and two Japanese studies. The core set of American investigations was a repetition of six studies Kelly had done on his previous six-month ISS mission, to allow a direct comparison of physiological and behavioral responses of the longer and shorter durations in this single individual. The remainder of his assignments plus those of Kornienko were drawn from currently active national investigations documenting human adaptation to long-duration spaceflight factors or effectiveness of countermeasures against known deleterious adaptations. The two joint U.S.-Russian investigations were the flagship biomedical studies of the year-long expedition. The "Fluid Shifts" study collocated American research equipment alongside a Russian operational stressor device to document the pattern and impacts of the headward fluid shift long known to occur in weightlessness, including its role in ocular changes recently observed in some astronauts. The "Field Test" study investigated the ability of

  8. Instrumental tactile diagnostics in robot-assisted surgery

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    Solodova RF

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Rozalia F Solodova,1,2 Vladimir V Galatenko,1,2 Eldar R Nakashidze,3 Igor L Andreytsev,3 Alexey V Galatenko,1 Dmitriy K Senchik,2 Vladimir M Staroverov,1 Vladimir E Podolskii,1,2 Mikhail E Sokolov,1,2 Victor A Sadovnichy1,2 1Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, 2Institute of Mathematical Studies of Complex Systems, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 31st Surgery Department, Clinical Hospital 31, Moscow, Russia Background: Robotic surgery has gained wide acceptance due to minimizing trauma in patients. However, the lack of tactile feedback is an essential limiting factor for the further expansion. In robotic surgery, feedback related to touch is currently kinesthetic, and it is mainly aimed at the minimization of force applied to tissues and organs. Design and implementation of diagnostic tactile feedback is still an open problem. We hypothesized that a sufficient tactile feedback in robot-assisted surgery can be provided by utilization of Medical Tactile Endosurgical Complex (MTEC, which is a novel specialized tool that is already commercially available in the Russian Federation. MTEC allows registration of tactile images by a mechanoreceptor, real-time visualization of these images, and reproduction of images via a tactile display. Materials and methods: Nine elective surgeries were performed with da Vinci™ robotic system. An assistant performed tactile examination through an additional port under the guidance of a surgeon during revision of tissues. The operating surgeon sensed registered tactile data using a tactile display, and the assistant inspected the visualization of tactile data. First, surgeries where lesion boundaries were visually detectable were performed. The goal was to promote cooperation between the surgeon and the assistant and to train them in perception of the tactile feedback. Then, instrumental tactile diagnostics was utilized in case of visually undetectable boundaries. Results: In robot-assisted surgeries where lesion

  9. KARAGÖZ VE HACİVAT: BAŞKALDIRI VE İTAATİN YANSIMALARI / KARAGÖZ AND HACİVAT: PROJECTIONS OF SUBVERSION AND CONFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ONUR AYKAÇ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Bu yazı, James Smith’in Asian Theatre Journal’da 2004 yılında yayımladığı “Karagöz and Hacivat: Projections of Subversion and Conformance” adlı makalesinin tercümesidir. Smith, İslam dünyasında tiyatro temsillerinin tarihini kısaca anlattıktan sonra, sözü Türklerde karagöz, Yunanlarda karagiozis adıyla bilinen gölge oyunlarına getirir. Bu oyunlara dair kısa tanıtıcı bilgiler verdikten sonra, Peter Burke’ün Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe (Erken Modern Avrupa’da Popüler Kültür adlı eserinde hemen her karnavalda görüldüğünü söylediği “yemek, cinsellik ve şiddet” unsurlarına karagöz oyunlarından örnekler verir. Akabinde, gölge oyununu Mikhail Bakhtin’in dinsel eğlence teorisi çerçevesinde inceler. Bilhassa, sözü edilen teoride yer alan “bir maskaraya taç giydirilip kral yapılması ve karnavalın sonunda sahte kralın tahttan indirilmesi hadisesi” ile “Hacivat tarafından önemli bir mevkie getirildikten sonra çevresindekileri alt etmeye çalışan ve sonunda bütün gücü elinden alınan Karagöz’ün durumu” arasında ciddi bir benzerlik olduğu kanısına varır. Son aşamada, gölge oyununun, ezilen toplum kitlesinin özkimliğini yeniden oluşturmadaki rolüne değinerek, meseleyi Türk ve Yunan halkları üzerinden örneklendirir. Bu yazı, hem Batılı eğlence kuramlarının karagöz ve karagiozis oyunlarına uygulanmış olması, hem de bu oyunların yeni bir özkimlik oluşturmada nasıl bir görev üstlendiğini göstermesi bakımından önemlidir.

  10. As vozes de uma política de ensino de língua estrangeira moderna na educação básica no Estado do Paraná = Voices of teaching policy in modern foreign languages in the state of Paraná, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathas de Paula Chaguri

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos maiores deste estudo são estudar e examinar o modo como se configuram os aspectos políticos da política de ensino de línguas estrangeiras (LE no ensino fundamental dos anos finais da rede pública de ensino do Estado do Paraná, a partir dos princípios propostos por um documento oficial que norteia a pr��tica dos professores e a apropriação do conhecimento pelos alunos – Diretrizes Curriculares da Educação Básica – Língua Estrangeira Moderna (DCE-LEM. Como fundamentação teórica para a construção deste trabalho, apoiamo-nos nas teorias de Mikhail Bakhtin para fundamentar nossas reflexões sobre os conceitos bakhtinianos de enunciado, dialogismo e polifonia. Quanto à metodologia utilizada no trabalho recorremos ao estudo de caso por se tratar de um trabalho que enfoca determinado evento pedagógico. Concluímos, assim, por meio da literatura utilizada na confecção deste trabalho e das vozes dos professores que articularam todo o processo de elaboração das DCE-LEM, que este documento é uma proposta educacional que revela aparentemente uma participação coletiva dos professores de LE durante a sua construção. Isso é perceptível na forma como a Secretaria de Estado de Educação conduziu as ações políticas no processo de construção do documento supracitado.Analysis examines the manner political aspects in foreign language teaching policies in the final years in government primary teaching in the State of Paraná were planned as from the principles suggested by the official document, namely, Primary School Curriculum Guidelines – Modern Foreign Language, that monitors teachers’ practice and students’ knowledge appropriation. Bakhtin’s theories were employed to foreground current analysis. Reflections on Bakhtinian concepts on enunciation, dialogism and polyphony ensued. Methodology consists of case study since analysis deals with a specific pedagogical event. The literature employed in

  11. Foreword

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    Kristina HMELJAK SANGAWA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Having received a lively response to our call for papers on the lexicography of Japanese as a second language, the editorial board decided to dedicate two issues of this year's ALA to this theme, and I am happy to introduce the second round of papers, after the first thematic issue published in October this year. This issue is again divided into two parts. The first two papers offer analyses of two aspects of existing dictionaries from the point of view of Japanese language learners, while the following four papers present particular lexicographic projects for learners of Japanese as a foreign language. The first paper, by Kanako Maebo, entitled A survey of register labelling in Japanese dictionaries - Towards the labelling of words in dictionaries for learners of Japanese, analyses register labelling in existing dictionaries of Japanese, both in those expressly intended for learners of Japanese as a second language and those intended for native speakers, pointing out how register information provided by such dictionaries is not sufficient for L2 language production. After stressing the usefulness of usage examples for learners trying to write in Japanese, she offers an example of a corpus-based register analysis and proposes a typology of labels to be assigned to dictionary entries, calling for the development of corpora of different genres to be used for lexical analysis. In the second paper, An analysis of the efficiency of existing kanji indexes and development of a coding-based index, Galina N. Vorobеva and Victor M. Vorobеv tackle one of the most time-consuming tasks learners of Japanese are confronted with: looking up unknown Chinese characters. After a comprehensive description of existing indexes, including less known indexing systems developed by Japanese, Chinese, Russian and German researchers, they compare the efficiency of these systems using the concept of selectivity, and propose their own coding-based system. Although

  12. Over the light of darkness: memory and present meanings in anonymous visual heaps Sobre a luz da escuridão: memória e sentidos presentes em acervos visuais anônimos

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    Edson Luiz da Silva Viera

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This research presents some reflections about the actions developed by the project “Revelações da História” (History Revelation, an initiative constituted by photograph researchers in the city of Londrina (Paraná State, Brazil, between the years of 2005 and 2008, that resulted in the identification, formation, re-integration and diffusion of anonymous visual heaps, as well as the publishing of two books that inserted in Londrina´s community inedited visual collections: the Foto Estrela´s and the Armínio Kaiser´s heaps. Some reflections about fragments of these photographic collections were made in order to enlarge and to consolidate the importance of this preservation initiative starting from some contents not explored by the project “Revelações da História”. The theoretical discussions were made under the light of concepts from Vilém Flüsser philosophy, the linguistic theory of Mikhail Bakhtin and the French line of semiotics theory. The research also ratifies the importance of these heaps to the constitution of a visual memory about “sceneries and characters in Brazil” and about the building of social history as the researcher Boris Kossoy proposes. Moreover, the main lines of action from the project “Revelações da História” also were presented in relation to the theoretical bases, methods and instruments that have guided it, intending to be a reference to future projects of the same type. The results presented at this research ratify the importance and the value of the lightening up and democratization of anonymous pho tographic heaps to the universe of the knowledge. Esta pesquisa apresenta algumas reflexões em torno das ações realizadas pelo projeto “Revelações da História”, iniciativa constituída por pesquisadores da fotografia na cidade de Londrina, realizado entre 2005 e 2008, que resultou na identificação, formação, reintegração e difusão de acervos visuais anônimos, bem como na publica

  13. Ziya Osman Saba’nın Şiirlerinin Kronotop Bağlamında İncelenmesi Study Of The Chronotope Context Of Ziya Osman Saba's Poems

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    Zeynep TEK

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ‘Chronotope’ is a term means unity of time-space and feeling was obtained to literature by Mikhail Bakhtin’s benefiting from Einstein’s theory of relativity. This concept which consists of ‘chronos’ (time and ‘topos’ (space words, has a functional way because of increasing thearea of the meaning of the literary texts. In this study the using ofchronotope context is preferred because of frequently usage of feelingvalues about time and space in Saba’s poems. With this article, it istried to gain a new perspective in addition to studies on Saba’s poems.Ziya Osman Saba, who lived between the years of 1910-1957, attractsattention with being sensitive and stable about home-family matters inmodern Turkish poetry. Saba has three poem books named “Sebil veGüvercinler” (1943, “Geçen Zaman” (1947, “Nefes Almak” (1957 andtwo story books named “Mesut İnsanlar Fotoğrafhanesi”(1952, “Değişenİstanbul” (1959. As a sole member of the group of ‘Yedi Meşaleci’ Sabahad works like various types of memories, stories, letters, maintainedhis ‘poet’ qualification by being busy with poetry art from the age ofseventeen. At that age he also published his first poem. So it should beknown that he thought about poetry art and chosen carefully all thewords which he used in his poems. Hence reading of Saba’s poems withchronotopeconcept, will be useful for understanding his poems. Thus, itis seen in the chronotopes used in Saba’s poems like house, room,wardrobe, drawer, garden, door and gate, time, space and feeling are allmixed and have different representation values. Zaman-uzam ve duygu birlikteliğini ifade eden ‘kronotop’, Mikhail Bakhtin tarafından Einstein’in görelilik teorisinden faydalanılarak edebiyata kazandırılan bir terimdir. ‘Chronos’ (zaman ve ‘topos’ (mekân kelimelerinden oluşan bu kavram, edebî metinlerin anlam alanını artırması nedeniyle işlevsel bir yöne sahiptir. Kronotop

  14. New method to determine initial surface water displacement at tsunami source

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrentyev, Mikhail; Romanenko, Alexey; Tatarintsev, Pavel

    2013-04-01

    earthquake. However, today it is not yet possible. Ground-based sea radars. This is an effective tool for direct measurement of tsunami wave. At the same time, the wave is measured at a rather narrow area in front of the radar and does not include information about neighboring parts of the wave. Direct measurement of tsunami wave at deep water [2]. Today, this technology is certainly among the most useful and promising. The DART II® system consists of a seafloor bottom pressure recording (BPR) system, capable of detecting tsunamis as small as 1 cm, and a moored surface buoy for real-time communications. We focus our research on improving the later method, direct measurement of tsunami wave at deep water. We suggest the new way to analyze DART data, modifying the methodology originally proposed by V. Titov. Smaller system of unit sources [3] should be considered to approximate all typical shapes of initial disturbance by several suitable basis functions. To successfully implement it, performance of data analysis should be dramatically improved. This could be done by using a signal orthogonalization procedure for considered system of unit sources and calculation of Fourier coefficients of the measured time series with respect to orthogonal basis. The approach suggested was used as a part of computerized workstation for tsunami hazard monitoring [5-6]. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Tsunami Research. URL: http://nctr.pmel.noaa.gov/honshu20110311/ National Data Buoy Center. URL: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/dart.shtml National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Tsunami Research. URL: http://sift.pmel.noaa.gov/thredds/dodsC/uncompressed/ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Tsunami Research. URL: http://nctr.pmel.noaa.gov/model.html Alexey Romanenko, Mikhail Lavrentiev-jr, Vasily Titov, "Modern Architecture for Tsunami Hazard Mitigation" // Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS-2012), ISBN 978-981-07-2049-0 Mikhail

  15. O AMOR ROENDO OS MORTOS: CORPO E MEMÓRIA EM VIAGEM NA FAMÍLIA DE DRUMMOND

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    Edson Soares Martins (URCA

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Este breve estudo propõe uma leitura do poema Viagem na família, de Carlos Drummond de Andrade, a partir da contribuição teórica de Mikhail Bakhtin. Os conceitos de compenetração e acabamento são discutidos em sua relação com o conceito de exotopia e, a partir desta articulação, as vozes implicadas na leitura do poema são examinadas, assim como a representação do corpo e da memória, como dados da configuração do texto poético em discussão. Assumimos, com Bakhtin, que a construção da personagem e sua passagem ao estético implica uma potência avaliativa do autor-criador que lhe permita situar-se a uma distância que deve ser dada nos termos de uma empatia entre o eu e o outro – tal contato empático foi definido por Bakhtin como compenetração. Já o excedente de visão que, decorrente da distância assumida e da relação arquitetônica entre o eu e o outro, frequentemente deve recorrer à memória que situa o corpo no passado, obrigando, muitas vezes, o autor a considerar as vivências do corpo da personagem como suas próprias, de modo que sua posição exotópica não será estável. O presente estudo situa essa aporia em um campo que não foi teorizado em profundidade pelo pensador russo no ensaio que nos serve como guia: no gênero lírico, no qual o mundo ficcional tende a ser expresso a partir de uma vivência interna, o modo de representar tal corpo e tal memória impõe componentes analíticos originais, que requerem atenção e flexibilidade crítica do analista.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Exotopia. Drummond. Bakhtin.This brief study proposes a reading of Carlos Drummond de Andrade’s poem Viagem na família, from the theoretical contribution of Mikhail Bakhtin. The concepts of empathy and completion are discussed in relation to the concept of exotopy and, from this joint, the implicated voices in the poem reading are examined, as well as the representation of the body and memory, as data from the poetic text

  16. Snowmaking in ski resorts: spatial decision support for management of snowpack

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loubier, Jean-Christophe; Kanevski, Mikhail; Doctor, Marut; Schumacher, Michael; Timonin, Vadim

    2010-05-01

    result is a map of probable heights provided to stakeholders, allowing them to adjust their production strategy based on the situation. Acknowledgements This work was partly supported by Swiss CTI project "Juste Neige". Bibliography SHARDUL Agrawala (ed)2007;Climate Change in the European Alps Adapting Winter Tourism and Natural Hazards Management; OECD Publishing Paris, France BADRE Michel, PRIME Jean-Louis, RIBIERE Georges 2009 ; Neige de culture : état des lieux et impacts environnementaux - Note socio-économique ; Conseil général de l'environnement et du développement durable ; Paris ; France DE JONG, Carmen., 2008. 'Resource conflicts in mountain: source and solutions'. Mountain Forum Bulletin 8:1,pp. 5-7. KANEVSKI Mikhail, POZDNOUKHOV Alexei, and TIMONIN Vadim (2009); Machine Learning for Spatial Environmental Data. Theory, Applications" Softwsare. EPFL and CRC Press.

  17. Communicating Certainty About Nuclear Winter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robock, A.

    2013-12-01

    Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), I inserted a paragraph pointing out that volcanic eruptions serve as an analog that supports new work on nuclear winter. This is the first time that nuclear winter has been in the IPCC report. I will tell the story of the discussions within our chapter, with review editors, and with the IPCC leadership that resulted in a box in Chapter 8 that discusses nuclear winter. We gave a briefing to John Holdren, the President's Science Advisor, about the work. Daniel Ellsberg, Fidel Castro, and Mikhail Gorbachev found out about our work, and used the results to appeal for nuclear abolition. In 2013 the work was featured at the Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons in Oslo, Norway attended by 132 nations, and I gave a TEDx talk, I published an opinion piece on the CNN website, and I gave an invited public lecture in Nagasaki, Japan, all about the climatic consequences of nuclear war. I am now using Twitter and Facebook to communicate about nuclear winter. The threat that nuclear weapons pose to the planet is a much easier problem to solve than global warming. We need to eliminate nuclear weapons so we have the luxury of working on the global warming problem without the possibility of the existential global threat still posed by the global nuclear arsenal.

  18. The relationship between mantle pH and the deep nitrogen cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhail, Sami; Barry, Peter H.; Sverjensky, Dimitri A.

    2017-07-01

    Nitrogen is distributed throughout all terrestrial geological reservoirs (i.e., the crust, mantle, and core), which are in a constant state of disequilibrium due to metabolic factors at Earth's surface, chemical weathering, diffusion, and deep N fluxes imposed by plate tectonics. However, the behavior of nitrogen during subduction is the subject of ongoing debate. There is a general consensus that during the crystallization of minerals from melts, monatomic nitrogen behaves like argon (highly incompatible) and ammonium behaves like potassium and rubidium (which are relatively less incompatible). Therefore, the behavior of nitrogen is fundamentally underpinned by its chemical speciation. In aqueous fluids, the controlling factor which determines if nitrogen is molecular (N2) or ammonic (inclusive of both NH4+ and NH30) is oxygen fugacity, whereas pH designates if ammonic nitrogen is NH4+ or NH30. Therefore, to address the speciation of nitrogen at high pressures and temperatures, one must also consider pH at the respective pressure-temperature conditions. To accomplish this goal we have used the Deep Earth Water Model (DEW) to calculate the activities of aqueous nitrogen from 1-5 GPa and 600-1000 °C in equilibrium with a model eclogite-facies mineral assemblage of jadeite + kyanite + quartz/coesite (metasediment), jadeite + pyrope + talc + quartz/coesite (metamorphosed mafic rocks), and carbonaceous eclogite (metamorphosed mafic rocks + elemental carbon). We then compare these data with previously published data for the speciation of aqueous nitrogen across these respective P-T conditions in equilibrium with a model peridotite mineral assemblage (Mikhail and Sverjensky, 2014). In addition, we have carried out full aqueous speciation and solubility calculations for the more complex fluids in equilibrium with jadeite + pyrope + kyanite + diamond, and for fluids in equilibrium with forsterite + enstatite + pyrope + diamond. Our results show that the pH of the fluid is

  19. Toward efficient fiber-based quantum interface (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soshenko, Vladimir; Vorobyov, Vadim V.; Bolshedvorsky, Stepan; Lebedev, Nikolay; Akimov, Alexey V.; Sorokin, Vadim; Smolyaninov, Andrey

    2016-04-01

    , vol. 528, no. 1, p. 1-45, 2013. [2] A.V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C.L. Yu, D.E. Chang, A.S. Zibrov, P.R. Hemmer, H. Park and M.D. Lukin, "Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots," Nature, vol. 450, p. 402-406, 2007. [3] Michael J. Burek , Yiwen Chu, Madelaine S.Z. Liddy, Parth Patel, Jake Rochman , Srujan Meesala, Wooyoung Hong, Qimin Quan, Mikhail D. Lukin and Marko Loncar High quality-factor optical nanocavities in bulk single-crystal diamond, Nature communications 6718 (2014) [4] Tim Schroder, Andreas W. Schell, Gunter Kewes, Thomas Aichele, and Oliver Benson Fiber-Integrated Diamond-Based Single Photon Source, Nano Lett. 2011, 11, 198-202 [5]Lars Liebermeister, et. al. "Tapered fiber coupling of single photons emitted by a deterministically positioned single nitrogen vacancy center", Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 031101 (2014)

  20. Reconstruction of Holocene palaeoclimate and environment in the Khatanga region, Russian Arctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syrykh, Ludmila; Nazarova, Larisa

    2016-04-01

    environmental conditions in Quarternary Period and especially in Holocene (Smol et al., 2005; Nazarova et al., 2013). Main aim of our the research is to perform a high-resolution Holocene temperature reconstructions for Taymyr (the northern most region of Russian Arctic) using lake sediments from Chatanga region, and statistical chironomid-based inference models for estimation of mean July air temperature and water depth from lakes in north-eastern Russia. We performed a multy-proxy reconstruction of palaeoclimate and environment in the Holocene using a 132 cm sediment core covering 6 ka of sedimentation. Based of the chironomids analysis we performed a quantitative reconstruction of mean July air temperature in the Chatanga region (Taymyr Peninsula). Our investigation has shown that modern fauna is well represented along the whole sediment core. Dominating taxa along the core are cold stenotherms such as Chironomus anthracinus-type, Hydrobaenus lugubris-type and Tanytarsus lugens-type. Faunistic composition of lower part of the core (before 5 ka BP) is characteristic for a warmer conditions, which is in accordance with the earlier studies showing that mean summer temperatures may have been 2.5° to 5.0°C warmer than today in Taymyr peninsula between 9 and 4 ka BP. During the last 3500 years, our record suggests cooler conditions as elsewhere in the Russian arctic. This project was financed by DAAD "Mikhail Lomonosov Program"

  1. The Evolution of Russia's Political Elites during the Period of Transition%转型时期俄罗斯政治精英的演变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雅君; 张昊琦

    2013-01-01

    自苏联末期戈尔巴乔夫进行改革以来,俄罗斯政治精英在生成方式、流通渠道、内部结构以及功能模式上都发生了根本性的变化。戈尔巴乔夫时期,从任命制到选举制的过渡彻底改变了苏联政治精英的生成方式,动摇了苏联的政治基础。叶利钦时期,政治精英的多元化趋势加强,流通速度加快,内部结构的稳定性较差,政治精英的大起大落成为政治局势不稳的一个重要原因。普京执政以后,建立了严格的垂直权力体系,将整个政治精英队伍纳入这个框架,从而实现了政治稳定。普京第三次就任总统后,对政治精英进行重新整合,改变了“梅普组合”期间的站队现象,恢复了权力中心一元化的格局。转型时期的俄罗斯政治精英主导了国家发展道路的选择,对国家的政治进程和变迁产生了深刻的影响。作为威权政治的重要基础,俄罗斯政治精英目前虽然有固化的态势,但是其结构转型还处在动态之中,远没有结束。%In the end of the Soviet Union, from Mikhail Gorbachev’s reform, Russia's political elites changed fundamentally in generation, circulation channels, internal structure and function. In Gorbachev period, from appointment system to election system, the formation way of the Soviet union's political elites completely changed which shake the political foundation of the Soviet Union. In Yeltsin period, the diversification trend of the political elites strengthened, with a faster flow speed and poor stability in internal structure. the political elites became an important reason for the unstable political situation. In Putin's ruling, he established a strict vertical power system. This put the entire political elite team into the framework which realized the political stability. After Putin win the president election for the third time, he readjusting the political elites, changed the scene of queue

  2. Z Kaliningradu na Кёнигсберг – zapotrzebowanie społeczne czy marzenie nielicznych? Społeczna inicjatywa zmiany nazwy miasta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miłosz J. Zieliński

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Kaliningrad into Кёнигсберг – a social need or a dream of a few? Societal initiative for a change of the city’s name Kaliningrad Oblast of the Russian Federation has been subject to manifold social processes due to its specific history, geographic conditions and other factors. Some of the former resulted in rejecting numerous elements of the Soviet past by a part of the local population. This included the very name of Kaliningrad, as a tribute paid to Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin who has been considered one of the state and party officials responsible for mass purges in the 1930s and 1940s. the purpose of the article is to analyse the initiative put forward by a group of social activists to change the name ‘Kaliningrad’ into ‘Кёнигсберг’ (Königsberg, that is to return to the pre-war name of the city. As authors of the petition refer to previous attempts of changing the name and use them as an important part of their reasoning, the history of the notion has also been outlined with emphasis on the December 1988 discussion noted by Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev, then a Communist Party official. In the article, a brief introduction of the petition is followed by main arguments used by its supporters and the discussion which the document triggered among the local administration and in the media, in particular the Internet. The discussion concentrated on two aspects of the petition. First, controversies around procedural handling of the petition by Kaliningrad Duma. Secondly, fierce debates about phrases used in the document and their political significance in the context of the contemporary identity of Kaliningrad Oblast. Results of the debate and the impact the petition had on broader public opinion, both in Kaliningrad Oblast and the whole of Russia, turned out to be meagre. Only 400 signatures were collected across the country to support the idea. No decisive measures were taken on the administrative level such as

  3. EDITORIAL: Editorial from the new Editor-in-Chief for 2014 Editorial from the new Editor-in-Chief for 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, W. G.

    2014-02-01

    from receipt-to-first decision of a paper is only 50 days. In 2014 we will continue to support the low-temperature plasma physics community through the publication of special topical issues. Those already scheduled for next year are: Transport in B-fields in low temperature plasmas, Guest Editors: Rod Boswell and Igor D Kaganovich Spots and patterns on electrodes of gas discharges, Guest Editors: Mikhail S Benilov and Ulrich Kogelschatz Interaction of electromagnetic waves with low temperature plasmas, Guest Editors: Osamu Sakai and Shahid Rauf We will also launch a new feature: LabTalks, a way in which our authors can showcase their group's work and communicate their research published in PSST to a wider audience. Full details are on the PSST website. Along with the leadership team, made up of Associate Editors, Anne, Nick and Richard and the great PSST staff at Institute of Physics Publishing, led by Alice Malhador, I will strive to grow, improve and deliver a journal which reflects the excellent science from the low-temperature plasma community. We hope we can continue to count on your vital support as authors and referees.

  4. PREFACE: Editorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strikhanov, Mikhail N.; Pivovarov, Yury L.

    2010-04-01

    external fields and in matter, has always been an interesting field for investigation. Every kind of radiation reflects specific processes of fundamental atomic physics, classical or quantum electrodynamics and might have specific applications in accelerator physics (beam diagnostics), nuclear physics (hard photon sources), material science and medicine (X-Ray sources). Nowadays, electromagnetic radiation studies cover electron energies from a few MeV up to hundreds of GeV in many laboratories throughout the world. The goal is to study the physics of generation of various kinds of radiation and their interplay or combined effects and to find successful applications for them. New photon sources, which use new types of radiation at new accelerators (e.g. tabletop synchrotrons), may be considered complementary to conventional photon sources based on synchrotron radiation, undulator radiation and free electron lasers. We express our thanks to the members of the International Program Committee for their suggestions during the preparation of the scientific program of the workshop. We warmly thank the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow) and the Tomsk Polytechnic University (Tomsk) for the financial and administrative support. We also acknowledge the valuable financial contributions by Russian Fund for Basic Research and "Dynasty" Foundation. Editors Mikhail N. Strikhanov National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Moscow, Russia Yury L. Pivovarov Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russia

  5. From the non-place to chronotopes, through the lobby of the Atocha station. Del no-lugar al cronotopos, pasando por el vestíbulo de la Estación de Atocha.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Ramoneda

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available

    The Atocha station, by the mere fact of being a train station, is theoretically characterized by Marc Auge (1992/2000 as a non-place. Auge characterizes these non-places as spaces devoid of any history or stories, impossible to appropriate, and that arise from supermodernity, a period that began at the end of the last century and is characterized by an acceleration and excess of events, spaces, and a shrinking of the planet. Through photography, according to Joan Fontcuberta’s (1990, 2009 point of view, we have tried to find sufficient indicators in order to understand the relationship between a supposed “non-place” and the people that pass through it. However, this relationship goes beyond just a simple category. We have used the notion of cronotope, a concept introduced by Mikhail Bakhtin (1975/1989, in order to offer another point of view for the many configurations that can be established between people and spaces. We have developed a table of Types of Space-Time Configurations in a Specific Space, in which Cronotopoi (stable vs. ephermal and Significance (non-place vs. place are brought into play. From this table, we discuss some of the results found during the nearly five months that we were taking pictures of the Atocha station lobby, and we have found that people are located in spaces in different ways, appropriating in many peculiar ways, of course, beyond our categories of analysis.

    La estación de Atocha, por el sólo hecho de ser una estación de trenes, queda, teóricamente, dentro de la categoría que Marc Augé (1992/2000 designó como no-lugares. Augé (1992/2000 caracterizó los no-lugares como espacios carentes de historia e historias, imposibles de apropiar, que nacen de la sobremodernidad, período que comienza a finales del siglo pasado y que se caracteriza por una aceleración y exceso de acontecimientos, de espacios y

  6. Naeruse lause huligaansest tõetruudusest, Jüri Üdi näitel / On Laughter, Truthfulness, and Hooliganism as Unfolded in the Writings of Jüri Üdi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liisi Rünkla

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The writings of Jüri Üdi (alter ego of Estonian poet and actor Juhan Viiding, from 1968 to 1978 display the reality of something that could be referred to as a joyful dimension of anguish. Using four different (yet connected conceptual frames, this study seeks to observe how that dimension is created through play with and within words. Hando Runnel (1975 has described Jüri Üdi’s word artistry as walking on language. From this description and others, Hasso Krull has derived the concept of decentred affirmation (1998, as pure expression (1991, encouraging one to thus consider the process of expression as essentially conditioned by language. In biosemiotic intuition, language use is considered as unconditionally transparent as any other living process, while life tends to express in its current form all of its memory (its history of creating surfaces. To some extent, the works of Mikhail Bakhtin (1934, and others have already deeply inscribed this intuition into the discourses of literary theory, observing how language use is ever polyphonic, therefore polylogical; keeping several voices in play, at once laughing and true to its most deeply cherished ideals; tradition-bound; always already to quote another, in anticipation of the other’s response. This study is intentionally written in an elusive manner, deeply influenced (perhaps indirectly as well via Franz Kafka and Jacques Derrida by Søren Kierkegaard’s incessant emphasis (1843 on singularities ever introducing ruptures in language-bound life, inventing thresholds, drawing lines of flight via paradox, via the absurd, and by the beautifully exemplary manner in which Kierkegaard’s pseudonymous discourse embodies undecidability. This study does not seek to explain how the writings of Jüri Üdi perplex or enchant. Perplexed and enchanted, this study focuses rather on subjects of a more general nature, such as the conditions of writing (truthfully, through laughter as observed within

  7. Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dainty, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    pt. 1. Wavefront correctors and control. Liquid crystal lenses for correction of presbyopia (Invited Paper) / Guoqiang Li and Nasser Peyghambarian. Converging and diverging liquid crystal lenses (oral paper) / Andrew X. Kirby, Philip J. W. Hands, and Gordon D. Love. Liquid lens technology for miniature imaging systems: status of the technology, performance of existing products and future trends (invited paper) / Bruno Berge. Carbon fiber reinforced polymer deformable mirrors for high energy laser applications (oral paper) / S. R. Restaino ... [et al.]. Tiny multilayer deformable mirrors (oral paper) / Tatiana Cherezova ... [et al.]. Performance analysis of piezoelectric deformable mirrors (oral paper) / Oleg Soloviev, Mikhail Loktev and Gleb Vdovin. Deformable membrane mirror with high actuator density and distributed control (oral paper) / Roger Hamelinck ... [et al.]. Characterization and closed-loop demonstration of a novel electrostatic membrane mirror using COTS membranes (oral paper) / David Dayton ... [et al.]. Electrostatic micro-deformable mirror based on polymer materials (oral paper) / Frederic Zamkotsian ... [et al.]. Recent progress in CMOS integrated MEMS A0 mirror development (oral paper) / A. Gehner ... [et al.]. Compact large-stroke piston-tip-tilt actuator and mirror (oral paper) / W. Noell ... [et al.]. MEMS deformable mirrors for high performance AO applications (oral paper) / Paul Bierden, Thomas Bifano and Steven Cornelissen. A versatile interferometric test-rig for the investigation and evaluation of ophthalmic AO systems (poster paper) / Steve Gruppetta, Jiang Jian Zhong and Luis Diaz-Santana. Woofer-tweeter adaptive optics (poster paper) / Thomas Farrell and Chris Dainty. Deformable mirrors based on transversal piezoeffect (poster paper) / Gleb Vdovin, Mikhail Loktev and Oleg Soloviev. Low-cost spatial light modulators for ophthalmic applications (poster paper) / Vincente Durán ... [et al.]. Latest MEMS DM developments and the path ahead

  8. Jutustuse ja romaani vahel: Elisabeth Aspe linn. Between a story and a novel : Elisabeth Aspe’ s town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elle-Mari Talivee

    2012-06-01

    controversial meaning. However, the importance of the city does not preclude the importance of other landscape details in her work. Aspe’s novels do not depict the anticipated problems of the city as an industrial monster destroying the health of workers; in fact, the word factory is mentioned only once, and the novels reflect the strong inviting glow around towns. In her novels, the cityscape changes pivotally, from a medieval burg into an open space. Aspe describes two cityscapes in parallel: first, a very visual, safe and protected space with walls, where the inner safety is protected from outsiders, and then an already changed, open world with its hazards. Her characters are well aware of the changing town structure: the disappearance of walls and gates, and the loss of the borders of the previous world, which divided the world into the (free townspeople and the peasants, the wild and the civilized. The importance of moving into cities is also anticipated in the level of language as a keyword of the era. Aspe’s novels may also be seen as momentary still-lifes during the final outbreak of city-life: fundamental changes had already taken place, but their direction was uncertain. The vision of the urban future might also have been illuminated by the attraction of other cities Aspe mentions by name, but which she had not herself had a chance to visit: for example, she describes Moscow, the old capital of the Russian emperors, as an old painting of a holy city. For closer examination of Aspe's short novels, the theoretical works of Mikhail Bakhtin, Franco Moretti and Yuri Lotman were used; the language-based survey was carried out by means of building a corpus of three novels (Stepsister, Ain From Ennosaare Farm and After Many Years digitalized by the Estonian Literary Museum and using computer-assisted corpus-based analysis.

  9. Jüri Talveti filoloogiline teekond: hispaaniakeelsest maailmast Eestisse ja tagasi / Jüri Talvet’s Philological Journey: from the Spanish-speaking World to Estonia and Back

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rein Veidemann

    2016-12-01

    .” For Talvet “the greatest literature of all times” has a symbiotic basis. Talvet’s approach to different literary cultures has enabled him to present several central authors of Estonian literary culture and their work in the context of world literature. One of the most outstanding results of such process is the re-discovery and re-conceptualization of the personality and the creative work of Juhan Liiv. Talvet’s method follows the theories of Mikhail Bakhtin and Juri Lotman, the essays of Michel de Montaigne’ and the 20th century existentialists Miguel de Unamuno, Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre. Talvet’s “philological journey” is reflected best in his compilation and editing of the Spanish-Estonian Dictionary that was published in 1983. The other part of Talvet’s oeuvre is his mental and spiritual journey in which the philological undercurrent layer formed in Estonian, Spanish, Catalan and also in English performs as a threshold into literary cultures in the Estonian and other languages of the world. Everything based on it deserves deep respect: Talvet’s time as the lecturer and since 1992 the professor of world literature at the University of Tartu, his school of comparative literary research, founding of the Estonian Association of Comparative Literature together with international conferences and multi-language scholarly journal Interlitteraria; his essays carried by the ideas of enlightenment and spiritualism; his creative philosophical and poetic work, and his noteworthy research of Estonian literature highlighting the best creative works and their authors within the framework of world literature. From this aspect it is symptomatic that Talvet as a literary scholar completed his opus magnum in 2012, when the monograph on Juhan Liiv’s poetry was published. In the gallery of great Estonian learned men, poets and translators, the great predecessors of Talvet are Gustav Suits, Johannes Semper and Ants Oras. The intellectual affinity between

  10. PREFACE: DISCRETE '08: Symposium on Prospects in the Physics of Discrete Symmetries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernabéu, José; Botella, Francisco J.; Mavromatos, Nick E.; Mitsou, Vasiliki A.

    2009-07-01

    guideline of Symmetry and Symmetry Breaking was an added value to the interest of such an event. The Symposium was attended by 160 participants, among which 63 from Spain, 77 coming from the rest of Europe, 10 from USA and 10 from the rest of the world. The Symposium started with a welcome address by Dr Vasiliki Mitsou, Co-Chair of the Organising Committee, and Professor Francisco J Botella, Director of IFIC. The scientific plenary sessions started with a discussion on the search for Time Reversal Violation, independent of CP and/or CPT symmetries, by Helen Quinn. Related to this important subject, David Wark made a presentation of the state of the art in the measurement of Electric Dipole Moments. The status and prospects of CP-violation Experiments was reviewed by Tatsuya Nakada, whereas Andrzej Buras made a comprehensive discussion on the search for New Physics with Rare Decays and CP Violation. The implications for Cosmology were presented by Mikhail Shaposhnikov with a talk on Baryogenesis. The pending understanding of the Flavour Problem was discussed by Graham G Ross in his presentation on Family Symmetries. Going beyond the paradigm imposed by local quantum field theories, Nikolaos Mavromatos described the scenario of CPT Violation and Decoherence in Quantum Gravity. Antonio Di Domenico presented the status on the search for CPT Violation and Decoherence in the Neutral Kaon System and José L F Barbón covered the territory of Strings, Symmetry and Holography. The problem of the Quantum Vacuum was addessed by Mariano Quirós in his presentation on the nature of the Electroweak Higgs sector. In Cosmology, Pierre Binetruy treated the fascinating question of the possible concepts to explain the Dark Energy in the Universe. On the theme of High Energy Messengers from the Cosmos, Graciela Gelmini presented the solved and unsolved questions associated with the High Energy Cosmic Rays, Manel Martínez discussed methods to study Fundamental Physics with Cosmic Gamma Rays

  11. Almaatada 1986 Aralık Olayları:Jeltoksan 1986 December Events In Almaty: Jeltoksan

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    Füsun KARA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Part of Turkic tribes which have moved from Turkestan, having united with other various Turkic tribes have vreated the Kazakh state which became one of leading Powers of Turkestan and which later paid much for independence. There were hard times throughout history of Kazaks, such as the Jungarian invasion and the Russian colonialism rebellious Kazakh leaders added more to the problems in difficult times. Division of Kazakhs into the Juz system, and c ollisions and disagreements with the other Turkic Peoples caused often foreigninterventions and invasions. The Jeltoqsan or December of 1986 wereriots that took place in Almaty in Kazakhstan in response to GeneralSekretary Mikhail Gorbachevs dismissal of Dinmukhamed Konayev, theFirst Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan and an ethnicKazakh, and the subsequent appointment of Gennady Kolbin, anoutsider from the Russian SFRR Demonstrations started in the morningof 17 December 1986 as an initial number of 200-300 studentsgathered in front of Central Comitte Building. December 18 KGB weredispatched to break up the demonstration. That uprising in Almaataand in other Kazakh cities was the first big bang that undermined theSoviet federal structures and social fabric. After these protests the mythof the fraternal unity and brotherhood of the Soviet peoples fell apart ina matter of a few years. In last quarter of the 20 th century the entireKazakh people, together with the other peoples enduring the power ofSoviets, rose against the foreign administration The result was indeedfruit of the centuries long efforts and struggles. History of The Kazakhsfor last century woul reveal the heroic past of this people. In this article,it is considered national and regional conflicts the reasons andconsequence. Türkistan’dan göç eden Türk kavimlerinin bakiyeleriyle sonradan buraya gelen muhtelif Türk boylarının birleşmesiyle oluşmuş bir Türk toplumu olan Türkistan’ın ocak ağası sayılan Kazak

  12. Os sentidos nos ditos e nos não ditos pelas revistas Veja, Época, IstoÉ e CartaCapital sobre a posse da presidente Dilma Rousseff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiane Bertasso

    2015-09-01

    . Con base en la perspectiva teórica y metodológica del análisis del discurso, se identificaron tres formaciones discursivas predominantes en los dichos de los cuatro revistas: Posesión Controvertido, Melancólicos Posesión y la Dieta Posse. Ya en los significados producidos por tácita, observados por Época, IstoÉ CartaCapital y la reiteración de la mayoría de los presentes se sintieron en los dichos de Veja, que pasó por delante de la cobertura de la posesión. Esto demuestra, entre otras cosas, que la práctica del discurso periodístico prevalece sobre el editorial posicionamiento de las revistas. Palabras clave: discurso periodístico; contrato de comunicaciones; silenciamiento; revistas; Dilma Rousseff.   Referências ANER, Associação Nacional de Editores de Revista. Instituto Verificador de Circulação - IVC. Disponível: Acesso: 04/03/2015. BAKHTIN, Mikhail. Marxismo e filosofia da linguagem. 2 ed. São Paulo: Hucitec, 1981. BENETTI, Marcia. Análise do Discurso: estudo de vozes e sentidos. In: LAGO, C.; BENETTI, M. Metodologia de Pesquisa em Jornalismo. 3 ed. Petrópolis: Vozes, 2010. CHARADEAU, Patrick. Discurso das Mídias. São Paulo: Contexto, 2007. FRANCISCATO, Carlos Eduardo. A fabricação do presente. São Cristóvão: Editora UFS e Fundação Oviedo Teixeira, 2005. MAINGUENEAU, Dominique. Gênese dos discursos. São Paulo: Parábola Editorial, 2008. MEDITSCH, Eduardo. O jornalismo é uma forma de conhecimento? Biblioteca Online de Ciências da Comunicação - BOCC, 1997. MARIANI, Bethania. O PCB e a imprensa. Rio de Janeiro, Revan, Campinas: Ed. UNICAMPI, 1997. MOLOTCH, Harvey; LESTER, Marilyn. As notícias como procedimento intencional: acerca do uso estratégico de acontecimentos de rotina, acidentes e escândalos. In: TRAQUINA, Nelson (org.. Jornalismo: questões, teorias e 'estórias'. Lisboa: Vega, 1993. ORLANDI, Eni P. As formas do silêncio: no movimento dos sentidos. 6 ed. Campinas, SP: Editora da Unicamp, 2007. PÊCHEUX, Michel

  13. РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО ЛЕЧЕНИЮ ОСТРОГО КОРОНАРНОГО СИНДРОМА БЕЗ СТОЙКОГО ПОДЪЕМА СЕГМЕНТА ST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Члены комитета по практическим рекомендациям: Jeroen J. Bax (председатель (Нидерланды, Angelo Auricchio (Швейцария, Helmut Baumgartner (Германия, Claudio Ceconi (Италия, Veronica Dean (Франция, Christi Deaton (Великобритания, Robert Fagard (Бельгия, Christian Funck-Brentano (Франция, David Hasdai (Израиль, Arno Hoes (Нидерланды, Juhani Knuuti (Финляндия, Philippe Kolh (Бельгия, Theresa McDonagh (Великобритания,Cyril Moulin (Франция, Don Poldermans (Нидерланды, Bogdan A. Popescu (Румыния, Zeljko Reiner (Хорватия, Udo Sechtem (Германия, Per Anton Sirnes (Норвегия, Adam Torbicki (Польша, Alec Vahanian (Франция, Stephan Windecker (Швейцария Рецензенты: Stephan Windecker (координатор (Швейцария, Stephan Achenbach (Германия, Lina Badimon (Испания, Michel Bertrand (Франция, Hans Erik Bøtker (Дания, Jean-Philippe Collet (Франция, Filippo Crea (Италия, Nicolas Danchin (Франция, Erling Falk (Дания, John Goudevenos (Греция, Dietrich Gulba (Германия, Rainer Hambrecht (Германия, Joerg Herrmann (США, Adnan Kastrati (Германия, Keld Kjeldsen (Дания, Steen Dalby Kristensen(Дания, Patrizio Lancellotti (Бельгия, Julinda Mehilli (Германия, Bela Merkely (Венгрия, Gilles Montalescot (Франция, Franz-Josef Neumann (Германия, Ludwig Neyses (Великобритания, Joep Perk (Швеция, Marco Roffi (Швейцария, Francesco Romeo (Италия, Mikhail Ruda (Россия, Eva Swahn (Швеция, Marco Valgimigli (Италия, Christiaan JM Vrints (Бельгия, Petr Widimsky (Чешская республика

  14. Shoemaker-Levy 9/JUPITER Collision Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-05-01

    Information Service (Tel.: +4989-32006276; Fax: +4989-3202362), to obtain a personal invitation. ESO is preparing special arrangements for the Chilean media; they will soon be announced directly to the involved. PHOTO CAPTION ESO PR PHOTO 10/94-1: PORTRAIT OF A DOOMED COMET These two photos from the ESO La Silla observatory show the individual nuclei of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, now headed for collision with Jupiter on 16 - 22 July 1994. The wide-field photo (below, left) was obtained by Klaus Jockers and Galina Chernova (Max-Planck-Institute fur Aeronomie, Katlenburg, Lindau, Germany) on May 1, 1994. For this 5 min exposure in red light they used a CCD camera at the MPIfAe/Hoher List focal reducer at the ESO 1-metre telescope. The entire nuclear train (the "string of pearls") is very well seen, together with the sunlight-reflecting dust from the nuclei, all on one side. On this date, the comet was 654 million km from the Earth and the angular extension of the train was about 5.3 arcmin, corresponding to a projected length of just over 1 million km. A 15 min CCD image was obtained for astrometric purposes on May 11, 1994, by Jean-Francois Claeskens at the Danish 1.5 m telescope at La Silla; it is here reproduced in close-up to show well the individual nuclei, in particular the fainter ones. The bright object to the upper right is a 10th mag star. Note that the stars in the field are somewhat trailed, since the telescope was set to follow the motion of the comet. The first nucleus to hit Jupiter will be "A", here seen 42 mm from the left edge and 33 mm below the upper edge of the large picture. The last is "W", 43 mm above the lower edge and 9 mm from the right edge. The comet was 657 million km from the Earth and the train was somewhat longer, 5.8 arcmin, i.e. the projected length was now 1.1 million km. Technical information: Wide-Field: pixel size 1.5 arcsec; scale on photo: 5.1 arcsec/mm; field size: 12.2 x 6.6 arcmin; 5 min exposure; gunn-r filtre. Close-Up: pixel size 0

  15. The 12th Edition of the Scientific Days of the National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Prof. Dr. Matei Bals” and the 12th National Infectious Diseases Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian-Mihail Niculae

    2016-11-01

    for transmission of HBV, HCV and HIV in the general population in Romania Anca Streinu-Cercel, Oana Săndulescu, Mioara Predescu, Alexandra Mărdărescu, Cătălin Tilișcan, Mihai Săndulescu, Claudiu Mihai Șchiopu, Adrian Streinu-Cercel A39 Acute hepatitis - an uncommon neurological complication Cleo Nicoleta Roșculeț, Catrinel Olimpia Ciuca, Dalila Ana Toma, Cătălin Gabriel Apostolescu, Andrei Rogoz, Cristina Elena Mitu, Andrei Stangaciu, Viorica Daniela Mitescu, Tudor Gheorghe Vladoiu, Doina Viorica Iovănescu A40 Regression of liver fibrosis following sustained virological response in patients with chronic HCV infection and cirrhosis Oana Săndulescu, Anca Streinu-Cercel, Monica Andreea Stoica, Liliana Lucia Preoțescu, Daniela Manolache, Gabriela Jana Ceapraga, Maria Magdalena Moțoi, Luminița Bradu, Adina Ilie, Gabriela Mircea, Ionel Durbală, Adrian Streinu-Cercel A41 Preliminary results of treatment with sofosbuvir and daclatasvir of patients with chronic hepatitis C Irina Russu, Tiberiu Holban, Tatiana Pantilimonov, Galina Chiriacov, Arcadie Macvovei, Elena Scorohodico, Oleg Dmitriev A42 HIV-syphilis coinfection Diana Alexandra Costache, Anca Benea, Eliza Manea, Cristian Niculae, Raluca Jipa, Adriana Hristea, Elisabeta Benea, Ruxandra Moroti, Șerban Benea A43 Thrombophilia – additional risk factor for the evolution of pregnancy in HIV-positive patients Mihai Mitran, Carmen Georgescu, Loredana Mitran, Simona Vladareanu A44 The incidence of oropharyngeal candidiasis in hospitalized HIV infected pediatric Romanian cohort between 1 January - 31 December 2015 Andreea Ioana Magirescu, Viorica Andreev, Cristina Nicolau, Alexandra Largu, Carmen Dorobat, Carmen Manciuc A45 TB incidence in HIV infected patients during the year of 2015 Viorica Andreev, Andreea Ioana Magirescu, Ina Isac, Cristina Nicolau, Alexandra Largu, Carmen Dorobat, Carmen Manciuc A46 Retrospective analysis of HIV/AIDS deaths recorded in the Clinical Infectious Diseases Hospital, Constan

  16. List of Posters

    Science.gov (United States)

    . Saturation effects in diffractive scattering at LHC By Oleg Selugin. A nonperturbative expansion method in QCD and R-related quantities By Igor Solovtsov. Z-scaling and high multiplicity particle Production in bar pp/pp & AA collisions at Tevatron and RHIC By Mikhail Tokarev. Scaling behaviour of the reactionsdd - > p↑ /3H and pd - > pd with pT at energy I-2 GeV By Yuri Uzikov. [ADS Note: Title formula can not be rendered correctly in ASCII.] CP violation, rare decays, CKM: Precision Measurements of the Mass of the Top Quark at CDF (Precision Top Mass Measurements at CDF) By Daniel Whiteson. Measurement of the Bs Oscillation at CDF By Luciano Ristori. The Bs mixing phase at LHCb By J. J. van Hunen. ATLAS preparations for precise measurements of semileptonic rare B decays By K. Toms. Hadron spectroscopy & exotics: Searches for radial excited states of charmonium in experiments using cooled antiproton beams By M. Yu. Barabanov. Retardation effects in the rotating string model By Fabien Buisseret and Claude Semay. Final results from VEPP-2M (CMD-2 and SND) By G. V. Fedotovich. Heavy Quark Physics: Prospects for B physics measurements using the CMS detector at the LHC By Andreev Valery. Heavy flavour production at HERA-B By Andrey Bogatyrev. B-Meson subleading form factors in the Heavy Quark Effective Theory (HQET) By Frederic Jugeau. Beyond the Standard Model: Monopole Decay in a Variable External Field By Andrey Zayakin. Two-Loop matching coefficients for the strong coupling in the MSSM By Mihaila Luminita. Test of lepton flavour violation at LHC By Hidaka Keisho. Looking at New Physics through 4 jets and no ET By Maity Manas. Are Preons Dyons? Naturalness of Three Generations By Das Chitta Ranjan. SUSY Dark Matter at Linear Collider By Sezen Sekmen, Mehmet Zeyrek. MSSM light Higgs boson scenario and its test at hadron colliders By Alexander Belyaev. Antiscalar Approach to Gravity and Standard Model By E. Mychelkin. GRID distributed analysis in high energy physics: PAX

  17. Sõdadevaheline vene emigratsioon suures ilmas ja väikeses Eesti / Interwar Russian Emigration in the Larger World and "Little Estonia"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Belobrovtseva

    2015-06-01

    , literary circles were active at different times. Among them was the Revel Literary Circle, founded in 1898, the oldest and most unusual gathering place for educated people. Poets’ workshops in Tallinn and Tartu were among the more interesting societies in Estonia, aimed more specifically at poets of the younger generation. Members of the Tallinn workshop created their own almanac, „Nov“, and published a magazine, Polevõje Tsvetõ. All of these phenomena and problems must be situated in the context of the larger world. The Russian emigration is far from being merely a unique phenomenon of life and work outside of the homeland; indeed, it exerted a strong influence on the culture, scholarship, and literature of the countries of settlement. Among the greatest achievements of 20th century humanity are the works of Nobel laureate and writer Ivan Bunin, prose writer Vladimir Nabokov, artists Marc Chagall, Konstantin Korovin, Aleksander Benois, and Vassily Kandinsky; the theories of Noble laureate, physicist and chemist Ilya Prigogine; the works of composers Sergei Rachmaninoff, and Igor Stravinsky; actor and theatre director Mikhail Chekhov; constructor Igor Sikorsky; chemist Vladimir Ipatjev. No less important in Estonian culture were poet Igor Severjanin, architect Aleksander Vladovski, representatives of Russian classical ballet (Tamara Beck, Jevgenia Litvinova; artists Anatoli Kaigorodov, Nikolai Kalmakov, and Andrei Jegorov.

  18. МУЗИ З ЛІКАРСЬКИМ САКВОЯЖЕМ: ВІХИ ЛІКАРСЬКОЇ ДІЯЛЬНОСТІ І ЛІТЕРАТУРНОЇ ТВОРЧОСТІ, ОБСТАВИНИ ТА ПРИЧИНИ СМЕРТІ / MUSES CARRYING A MEDICAL BAG: MILESTONES of MEDICAL PRACTICE AND LITERARY WORK, CIRCUMSTANCES AND CAUSE OF DEATH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Петро ЛЯШУК

    2017-06-01

    ’wedlock’’. Fruitfulness of alike union is undeniable. Most ancient doctors had humanitarian education except the medical one and vice versa – outstanding writers often graduated from medical schools. The fact that doctors sometimes change scalpel for pen was noticed long ago. They both are somehow connected the need for figuring out human’s psychology, thoughts, motives of their deeds. “There is no profession nowadays, which would demand such a shrewd and profound contact, such a spiritual and psychic intimacy between an expert and a human being, as a profession of doctor”. Medicine and literature, these equivalent fields of science and arts, which acknowledge human’s life, get into sacramental mysteries of our body and soul and heal not only by means of medical instruments and healthful power of pills but with the bottomless power of word as well, intertwined enormously in a given profession. “This is probably the reason of some affinity between the worldview, outlook, sensory perception necessary for both – literary work and medical practice”. This article provides some common features of medical and artistic practice on the basis of literary data. Aesculapius became popular due to art throughout our history. This work reveals the circumstances and cases of death of some knights of scalpel and pen, such as: Stepan Rudansky and Anton Chekhov (pulmonary tuberculosis, Mikhail Bulgakov (chronic kidney disease, renal failure, Vincent Veresaeva (stroke, Yaroslav Okunevskaya (suicide, Sophia Okunevskaya (appendix, peritonitis Modest Levitsky (ileus Janos Korczak (shoot and Basil Karhuta (myocardial infarction, heart failure. The issue of medical historiography is an immense sphere of culture of the humanity, which gives us an opportunity to analyse an interesting and complicated essence of an artist and a doctor in one person and, in particular, to find out the cases and causes of their death. One of the complications of diphtheria, which suffered Bulgakov, is kidney damage

  19. PREFACE: Fourth Meeting on Constrained Dynamics and Quantum Gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadoni, Mariano; Cavaglia, Marco; Nelson, Jeanette E.

    2006-04-01

    Cagliari, Italy) Roberto De Pietri (Università di Parma, Italy) Giuseppe De Risi (Università di Bari, Italy) Hans-Thomas Elze (Univ. Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil) Alessandro Fabbri (Università di Bologna, Italy) Sergey Fadeev (VNIIMS, Moscow, Russia) Serena Fagnocchi (Università di Bologna, Italy) Sara Farese (Universidad de Valencia, Spain) Alessandra Feo (Università di Parma, Italy) Dario Francia (Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy) Francesco Fucito (Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy) Dmitri Fursaev (JINR, Dubna, Russia) Daniel Galehouse (University of Akron, Ohio, USA) Remo Garattini (Università di Bergamo, Italy) Florian Girelli (Perimeter Institute, Waterloo, Canada) Luca Griguolo (Università di Parma, Italy) Daniel Grumiller (Universität Leipzig, Germany) Shinichi Horata (Hayama Center of Advanced Research, Japan) Giorgio Immirzi (Università di Perugia, Italy) Roman Jackiw (MIT, Cambridge, USA) Matyas Karadi (DAMTP, University of Cambridge, UK) Mikhail Katanaev (Steklov Mathematical Institute, Moscow, Russia) Claus Kiefer (Universität Koln, Germany) John Klauder (University of Florida, Gainesville, USA) Pavel Klepac (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic) Jen-Chi Lee (National Chiao-Tung University, Taiwan) Carlos Leiva (Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica, Chile) Stefano Liberati (SISSA/ISAS, Trieste, Italy) Jorma Louko (University of Nottingham, UK) Luca Lusanna (INFN, Sezione di Firenze, Italy) Roy Maartens (University of Portsmouth, UK) Fotini Markopoulou (Perimeter Institute, Waterloo, Canada) Annalisa Marzuoli (Università di Pavia, Italy) Evangelos Melas (QMW, University of London, UK) Maurizio Melis (Università di Cagliary, Italy) Vitaly Melnikov (VNIIMS, Moscow, Russia) Guillermo A. Mena Marugan (CSIC, Madrid, Spain) Pietro Menotti (Università di Pisa, Italy) Salvatore Mignemi (Università di Cagliari, Italy) Aleksandar Mikovic (Universidade Lusófona, Lisboa, Portugal) Leonardo Modesto (Université de la Mediterranée, Marseille

  20. 最新国外测绘文献题录

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    生产的成本与利润=The Cost and Benefits of Softcopy Photogrammetric Production.International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,Vol.33,B2,2000.7.13-16:Amsterdam:476~481 [20]Straub B M.图像自动化判读用于GIS更新=Towards the Automatic Interpretation of Images for GIS Update.International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,Vol.33,B2,2000.7.13-16:Amsterdam:525~532 [21]Mikhail E M….多源特征提取与城市环境可视化=Multi-source Feature Extraction and Visualization in Urban Environments.International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vol.33, B3/2,2000.7.16-23:Amsterdam:592~607 [22]Niederst M….精密摄影测量目标重建的通用数学模型=Generalized Mathematical Model of Precise Photogrammetry Reconstruction of the Objects.International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vol.33, B3/2,2000.7.16-23:Amsterdam:635~642 [23]Shan J….利用GIS数据的影像自动定向=Automatic Image Orientation by Using GIS Data.International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vol.33,B3/2,2000.7.16-23:Amsterdam:831~836 [24]Scaioni M.航空三角测量自动化系统的概念与测试=Concept and Testing of an Automatic System for Aerial Triangulation.International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,Vol.33,B2,2000.7.16-23:Amsterdam:486~493 [25]Murai S.利用INS与GPS的集成系统开发机载三线扫描仪分析车速分布=The Development of Airborne Three Line Scanner with High Accuracy INS and GPS for Analysing Car Velocity Distribution.International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,Vol.33,B2,2000.7.13-16:Amsterdam:416~421 [26]Rajendram S.基于GIS的一体化土地利用/覆盖变化模型用于研究人与土地的相互关系=A GIS Based Integrated Land Use/Cover Change Model to Study Human-land Interactions.International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,vol.33,B7/3,2000.7.13-16:Amsterdam:1212~1219 [27]Shi Zhongchao.GIS数据库修测:问题与解法=GIS Database

  1. From Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Dear TOJDE Readers,Welcome to the Volume 13 Number: 2 of TOJDE! In this issue, 7 notes for Editor and 22 articles one book review of 57 authors from 12 different countries have been published. These published articles are from, Barbados, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, USA and Zimbabwe.In general, around 13 articles and 4 notes for editors have been published in TOJDE so far. I would like to explain, why this time 22 articles and 8 submissions published in the articles and in notes for Editor Section respectively. First all, you should know that if a submission picks up from 3 TOJDE editors between 4.5 and 9 over all 9 credits, it means that this submission can be published in TOJDE in the coming issue. However, since the publishing priority of the accepted papers belongs to the highest scored ones, submissions which receive a score between 4.5 and 5 or 6 may wait and be archived for publishing later on. TOJDE administration respected this publishing rule up to now. Therefore, some accepted submissions which obtained over 4.5 have not been published up to now. These submissions were waiting for publishing in TOJDE in the future. In this issue, we decided to give them a chance to be published. For this reason, the current issue includes more papers than the previous issues. The 1st Notes for editor arrived from Russia written by Galina ARTYUSHINA and Olga SHEYPAK on Impacting Motivation In The Virtual Classroom. They mentioned that teachers, educational managers and learners must realize that new opportunities are offered by modern on-line communication. A person with basic Internet and Web skills is open to a new world of knowledge, from free Web surfing and self-organized education - through on-line resources and familiarization with Internet culture, its places, sites, search engines etc. - up to a more structured approach. The 2nd notes for editor is titled as “Use Of Libraries In Open And

  2. PREFACE: XVth International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics (CALOR2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akchurin, Nural

    2012-12-01

    reconstruction and trigger of jets, missing transverse energy, electrons, photons, and taus. Pile-up, anomalous signals, and noise mitigation techniques were also discussed in the conference. On the last day, several future R&D initiatives were presented: highly granular CALICE with different technology options and plans for the dual-readout DREAM projects were the main topics. Although these approaches are quite different conceptually, future experiments will certainly benefit from their innovations. Concluding remarks by the chair of the organizing committee, Nural Akchurin (TTU), summarized the highlights of the conference and invited proposals to host the CALOR2014 conference in Europe, as the conference venue rotates between the Americas, Europe, and Asia every two years. We strived hard to keep the cost of this conference as low as possible without sacrificing the scientific mission. I am delighted to report that we were able to provide support for six junior colleagues to participate in this conference. I am also grateful to the institutions, industrial partners, and agencies that provided the support that made a lot possible: Texas Tech University, the University of New Mexico, Los Alamos National Laboratory, the US Department of Energy, CAEN, and the Wiener Plein & Baus, Corp. I also would like to thank the session conveners who organized sessions and reviewed the papers. The members of the local organizing committee were instrumental to the success of this conference: their experience and attention to detail were invaluable. Most of all, I extend my appreciation to the conference participants and to all my other colleagues who continue to enrich the field of calorimetry through their hard work and creativity. The future is bright. Nural Akchurin Chair of the Organizing Committee International Advisory Committee: Mikhail Danilov, ITEP Moscow Marcella Diemoz, INFN Roma I Antonio Ereditato, Univ. of Bern Franco L. Fabbri, INFN Frascati Tomio Kobayashi, ICEPP Tokyo Michele