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Sample records for michel foucault wrote

  1. Cui prodest Michel Foucault?

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    Yurij Castelfranchi

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Do we have to drag in the thought of Michel Foucault to show the political (and not neutral, partial and local (and not universal and non-historic, active (and not merely transmissive face of science communication? Do we need the work of the controversial French intellectual to dispute the anxious search – almost a quest like that for the Holy Grail – for the “best practices” in the dissemination of scientific culture? If we read over the pages that Foucault dedicated to words and things, to the archaeology and genealogy of knowledge, to biopolitics, we have few doubts. Two elements, on the one hand the central nature of discourse and “regimes of truth”, on the other the concept of biopower (a “power over bodies”, enable us to reflect both on the important specific features of modern science in comparison with other forms of production and organisation of knowledge, and on the central role of its communication.

  2. Medical education... meet Michel Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodges, Brian D; Martimianakis, Maria A; McNaughton, Nancy; Whitehead, Cynthia

    2014-06-01

    There have been repeated calls for the greater use of conceptual frameworks and of theory in medical education. Although it is familiar to few medical educators, Michel Foucault's work is a helpful theoretical and methodological source. This article explores what it means to use a 'Foucauldian approach', presents a sample of Foucault's historical-genealogical studies that are relevant to medical education, and introduces the work of four researchers currently undertaking Foucauldian-inspired medical education research. Although they are not without controversy, Foucauldian approaches are employed by an increasing number of scholars and are helpful in shedding light on what it is possible to think, say and be in medical education. Our hope in sharing this Foucauldian work and perspective is that we might stimulate a dialogue that is forward-looking and optimistic about the possibilities for change in medical education. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Poder disciplinario y capitalismo en Michel Foucault

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    Mauro Benente

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Establishing a relationship between the studies of Karl Marx and the research of Michel Foucault is not an easy task. There are readings describing the differences; others might emphasize the similarities while some others criticize Foucault’s developments from a Marxist perspective. In my present work I try to clarify the linkage between the disciplinary power and capitalism of Michel Foucault’s work within the context of the above-mentioned complexities. According to my proposed reading, capitalism does not explain the emergence of the disciplinary power, even if the production and accumulation of capital have applied disciplinary technics.

  4. Poder y resistencia en Michel Foucault

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    Reinaldo Giraldo Díaz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analizan los conceptos de poder y resistencia en las obras del período genealógico de Michel Foucault, es decir, después de El orden del discurso, texto programático y hasta el primer volumen de Historia de la Sexualidad. La voluntad de saber. El artículo realiza sobre todo una elaboración de las concepciones de Foucault sobre el poder y la resistencia en las sociedades disciplinarias y en las sociedades de control. Contrario a lo que sostienen los críticos de Foucault, en este artículo se considera que la resistencia no es negativa, ni reactiva. Nuestra hipótesis de trabajo es que para el pensador francés la resistencia es creativa, productiva y anterior al poder.

  5. Michel Foucault's Theory of Rhetoric as Epistemic.

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    Foss, Sandra K.; Gill, Ann

    1987-01-01

    Formulates a middle-level theory that explains the process by which rhetroic is epistemic, using Foucault's notion of the discursive formation as a starting point. Discusses five theoretical units derived from Foucault--discursive practices, rules, roles, power, and knowledge--and relationships among them. Analyzes Disneyland, using Foucault's…

  6. An outline of ethics on the work of Michel Foucault

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Gerd

    An outline of ethics on the work of Michel Foucault The French philosopher Michel Foucault is well known for his critical thinking and for his genealogies of the human subject. In these analyzes power and knowledge (power-knowledge) plays a decisive role. For Foucault power-knowledge is the very...... (Kelly (edt.) 1994). Nevertheless, Foucault ended his academic career discussing ethics in the form of ethos (Foucault 1994). In this form his ethical project approaches an aesthetic project in the form of the individual’s self-creation. In my presentation I will introduce Foucault’s concept of ethos...... and discuss the possibilities and limitations in this position. In addition, I will argue that his insistently critical stance and power-knowledge concept can be considered as an ethical stance different from both deontology and utilitarism. As such, it could have an important impact on the practice...

  7. Michel Foucault e a teoria do poder

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    ALBUQUERQUE, JOSÉ AUGUSTO GUILHON

    1995-01-01

    Mais do que a teoria do poder, Foucault propõe regras ou cautelas metodológicas. Diferentemente das concepções correntes, Foucault pretende explicar o poder sem o rei como sua fonte e natureza. Depois de comparar diferentes concepções correntes de poder, mostrando sua dependência da noção de um soberano, define-se o poder em Foucault como uma relação assimétrica que institui a autoridade e a obediência, e não como um objeto preexistente em um soberano, que o usa para dominar seus súditos. Par...

  8. L’actualité et Michel Foucault.

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    Claude Raffestin

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available L’un des grands mérites de Foucault, parmi beaucoup d’autres, a été de suggérer des questions, des questions innombrables dont certaines n’ont toujours pas reçu de réponses satisfaisantes. Un peu plus de vingt ans après sa disparition, il est encore parmi nous, avec les questions qui parsèment son œuvre ou qui sont suscitées par elle. Pour le dixième anniversaire de sa mort, j’avais rédigé un texte intitulé « Foucault aurait-il pu révolutionner la géographie? » ...

  9. [The birth of acknowledgement: Michel Foucault and Werner Leibbrand].

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    Mildenberger, Florian

    2006-01-01

    In 1964, Werner Leibbrand (1896-1974) was the first German medical historian to present, in Sudhoffs Archiv, a review of the work of Michel Foucault (1926-1984). This paper examines some of the reasons leading to the fact that Leibbrand's own generation refused to acknowledge the importance of Foucault's ideas, while, later on, younger German medical historians, although impressed with Foucault's writings, failed to acknowledge, first, the close relationship between Leibbrand's and Foucault's world views, and, second, Leibbrand's attempts at introducing Foucault to German medical historians. Leibbrand with his Jewish wife had survived the Nazi period partly in hiding. His attempts at clearing post-war German psychiatry and medical historiography of NS-sympathizers isolated him among his colleagues, many of whom had begun their career during the Third Reich. Leibbrand enjoyed the support by the Swiss medical historian and avowed Communist Erwin Ackerknecht (1906-1988), but later turned against him, possibly because Acknerknecht had called Leibbrand's writings "unscientific". Leibbrand was unable to overcome his antagonisms with his contemporaries. At the same time, opposition to Ackerknecht made him appear a respresentative of the past in the eyes of the younger generation. Thus, when Foucault was accepted by the latter, they were not prepared to examine the work of Leibbrand and realize how close some of the ideas developed by Leibbrand and Foucault had been.

  10. Michel Foucault e il problema della genealogia

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    Enrico Abeni

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available "Si j'étais prétentieux, je donnerais comme titre général à ce que je fais : généalogie de la morale." Dietro questa affermazione, rilasciata nel contesto colloquiale di un'intervista, è possibile scorgere il segno di una confessione intellettuale e il compendio di un pensiero. In primo luogo, allusivamente, rinvia alla figura di Nietzsche e alla traccia indelebile che il suo pensiero ha lasciato nella filosofia e nella ricerca di Foucault. In secondo luogo, autorizza a osservare nella riflessione foucaultiana la filigrana di quella genealogia che il presente lavoro si propone di affrontare come stile d'interrogazione filosofica.

  11. Poder y subjetividad en Michel Foucault: traslaciones, modificaciones, ambivalencias

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    Lorena Acosta Iglesias

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this article is to measure the translations, modifications and ambivalences of the relationship between power and subjectivity in two land-marks of the philosophical production of Michel Foucault: Discipline and punish (1975, and The birth of biopolitics (1978-79. In this way, we will try to extract the foucaultian procedure some clues to a current materialistic approach of this relation at a time of maximum social dissolution.

  12. Pesquisa e Metodologia em Michel Foucault

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    João Leite Ferreira Neto

    Full Text Available RESUMOEstuda-se contribuições teórico-metodológicas de Foucault, realçando seu uso de elementos metodológicos clássicos. O artigo se organiza em três eixos analíticos: o exame de fragmentos da obra desse autor, especialmente de seus Cursos; aproximações de sua perspectiva com a literatura contemporânea sobre pesquisa qualitativa; e a análise de textos nos quais ele explicita suas escolhas metodológicas. Acentua-se sua opção de estudar problemas a partir de "suas formas mais singulares e concretas". Explora-se o delineamento, concomitantemente clássico e inovador, de sua pesquisa derradeira da genealogia do sujeito moderno analisando as razões de suas escolhas metodológicas. Considera-se que a construção de problemas de pesquisa relevantes, associada ao trabalho detalhado e preciso, contribuiu para o impacto incisivo de sua obra.

  13. [Michel Foucault and the persistence of psychiatric power].

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    Caponi, Sandra

    2009-01-01

    This article aims studying the course held by Michel Foucault at the Collège de France in 1973-1974. The records of this course were published in 2003 under the name ' Psychiatric power' . The objective was to compare the different ways in which Foucault analyzes the question of madness in ' Psychiatric power' and in ' History of Madness in the Classical Age' (1961). It is a comparative study about the different ways of analyzing madness developed by Michel Foucault during the archeological and genealogic periods of his work. The absence of the body; binary diagnosis; the description of the surface of symptoms; the classification of diseases more similar to the botanical classification than to pathology; the process of cure directly linked to restitution of behaviors and moral values; as well as the over-power of the psychiatrist, seem to speak about the persistence of an old model of power, a pre-modern and pre-capitalist model, a residue of the old sovereign power.

  14. El concepto de heterotopía en Michel Foucault

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    María Cristina Toro Zambrano

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available El análisis del concepto de heterotopía, explicado por Michel Foucault en su conferencia “Los espacios otros”, tiene importancia dentro del proyecto general de una historia crítica del pensamiento. Las heterotopías pertenecen a un tipo específico de espacio, que tiene dentro de sí poderes, fuerzas, ideas, regularidades o discontinuidades, se pueden clasificar según el tiempo o el lugar al que pertenecen y abren la posibilidad de crear nuevos espacios con sus propias lógicas.

  15. The organizations, the power and Michel Foucault / Las organizaciones, el poder y Michel Foucault

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    Javier Carreón Guillén

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Max Weber alleged that power and domination coexist in organizations; and that power is the ability to attain certain resources (economic, force, knowledge, etc.. When an organization is operating -using these resources, e.g., power-, and requires that orders are observed, domination must be applied under the logic of the administrative framework. This assumption attributes, as expected, a very reactionary role to the administration. Foucault rephrases the dilemma using the microphysics of power, relieving the administration of any suspicion of conservatism.

  16. Problematizing the "Taken for Granted" in Educational Issues: Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, and Michel Foucault.

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    Qi, Jie

    This paper explores how educators would raise different questions about educational issues by using Karl Marx's framework, Antonio Gramsci's conception, and Michel Foucault's notions, respectively. First, the paper compares the historical perspectives of Marx and Foucault. Marx concludes that history is a progressive linear production and that…

  17. Michel Foucault se historiografiese benadering as lens in historiese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the article the author argues that Foucault's insights on the archaeological historiography, genealogy and discourse analysis can be used as a lens to write history as well as to deconstruct the existing historical sources. Foucault's main thesis is that history is largely an illusion. Foucault contrasts effective historiography ...

  18. Justice vs. Power in reviewing by Noam Chomsky and Michel Foucault

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    Šuvaković Uroš V.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a review of the debate led by Noam Chomsky and Michel Foucault in 1971. The debate was referred to both the principles of human knowledge and the need for political engagement of intellectuals led by the principle 'justice against the power', which is also the title of the transcript of this discussion published in Serbian in 2011. .

  19. Michel Foucault's Limit-Experience Limited

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    Papastephanou, Marianna

    2018-01-01

    Educational philosophy has not discussed Foucault's publications on the Iranian Revolution and the related controversy. Foucauldian concepts are applied to education, though his only writings which "sidetracked" him from exploring power within the state, namely, his journalistic accounts of his visits to Iran, remain unexplored in our…

  20. 'Must we burn Foucault?' Ethics as art of living: Simone de Beauvoir and Michel Foucault

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vintges, K.

    2001-01-01

    The title of this article refers to Beauvoir's essay Must We Burn De Sade? (1953/1952). Analogous to Beauvoir's essay on Sade, this article is something of an apology for Foucault. I use Beauvoir's essay on Sade to discuss Foucault's concept of ethics as an art of living. I conclude that the final

  1. Post Media Literacy: Menyaksikan Kuasa Media Bersama Michel Foucault

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    Iswandi Syahputra

    2017-01-01

    This article would like to present Michel Foucault’s idea concerning Knowledge and Power in media industry. As a contemporary intellectual, Foucault’s thought has a unique style of postmodernism. His thought had gone beyond traditional critical theory whose trying to disclose the relation of power and economic behind the ideology of media. Foucault’s thought had given new perspective in understanding how the media produce truth under tightly control process into something that seems normal. ...

  2. Verdade e diferença no pensamento de Michel Foucault

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    Cesar Candiotto

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo versará sobre as articulações entre verdade e história no pensamento de Michel Foucault, e seu distanciamento da concepção originária e universalista de verdade. Acontecimento e diferença constituem conceitos decisivos para situar sua demarcação no domínio de estudo das ciências humanas, especialmente em seu primeiro grande livro, História da loucura na idade clássica.The paper deals with the articulation between truth and history in Michel Foucault's thought, and their separation from the originary and universal concept of truth. Event and difference constitute decisive concepts to situate his demarcation in the study domains of human sciences, especially in his first great book Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason.

  3. War, Power and Liberalism: the Politicization in the Work of Michel Foucault

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    Joaquín Fortanet

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to examine the analysis on liberalism that Michel Foucault developed during his last courses in the Collège de France. This analysis becomes a redefinition of the concept of power, understood as war, and a reflection on the concepts of security and population, by means of which the relation between war, power and liberalism offers a map of the present time, an age when the new rationalityof government can be defined as specifically liberal.

  4. Post Media Literacy: Menyaksikan Kuasa Media Bersama Michel Foucault

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    Iswandi Syahputra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article would like to present Michel Foucault’s idea concerning Knowledge and Power in media industry. As a contemporary intellectual, Foucault’s thought has a unique style of postmodernism. His thought had gone beyond traditional critical theory whose trying to disclose the relation of power and economic behind the ideology of media. Foucault’s thought had given new perspective in understanding how the media produce truth under tightly control process into something that seems normal. With the assumption of media has the power to create mass culture, which has to be studied critically by media literacy approach, Foucault’s thought had given new space of discursive. An alternative thought on how to estimate the work of mass media as supervisor of truth and creator of information trough normalization practice.

  5. [A non-classical approach to medical practices: Michel Foucault and Actor-Network Theory].

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    Bińczyk, E

    2001-01-01

    The text presents an analysis of medical practices stemming from two sources: Michel Foucault's conception and the research of Annemarie Mol and John Law, representatives of a trend known as Actor-Network Theory. Both approaches reveal significant theoretical kinship: they can be successfully consigned to the framework of non-classical sociology of science. I initially refer to the cited conceptions as a version of non-classical sociology of medicine. The identity of non-classical sociology of medicine hinges on the fact that it undermines the possibility of objective definitions of disease, health and body. These are rather approached as variable social and historical phenomena, co-constituted by medical practices. To both Foucault and Mol the main object of interest was not medicine as such, but rather the network of medical practices. Mol and Law sketch a new theoretical perspective for the analysis of medical practices. They attempt to go beyond the dichotomous scheme of thinking about the human body as an object of medical research and the subject of private experience. Research on patients suffering blood-sugar deficiency provide the empirical background for the thesis of Actor-Network Theory representatives. Michel Foucault's conceptions are extremely critical of medical practices. The French researcher describes the processes of 'medicalising' Western society as the emergence of a new type of power. He attempts to sensitise the reader to the ethical dimension of the processes of medicalising society.

  6. The production of the psychiatric subject: power, knowledge and Michel Foucault.

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    Roberts, Marc

    2005-01-01

    The issue of power has become increasingly important within psychiatry, psychotherapy and mental health nursing generally. This paper will suggest that the work of Michel Foucault, the French philosopher and historian, has much to contribute to the discussion about the nature, existence and exercise of power within contemporary mental health care. As well as examining his original and challenging account of power, Foucault's emphasis on the intimate relationship between power and knowledge will be explored within the context of psychiatry and mental health nursing. This is to say that the paper will investigate Foucault's account of how power and knowledge are central to the process by which human beings are 'made subjects' and therefore how 'psychiatric identities' are produced. In doing so, it will be suggested that Foucault's work can not only make a valuable contribution to contemporary discussions about power and knowledge, but can also provide a significant critique and reconceptualization of the theoretical foundations and associated diagnostic and therapeutic practices of psychiatry and mental health nursing.

  7. O deserto e o espelho. Refletindo sobre a heterotopia com Michel Foucault e Nadine Gordimer

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    Anderson Bastos Martins

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio representa uma tentativa de releitura do artigo “De outros espaços”, de Michel Foucault, seguindo uma análise da relaçáo estabelecida entre a protagonista do romance The pickup [O engate], de Nadine Gordimer, e o deserto, durante a viagem que ela faz à casa de campo de seu noivo. Apresentaremos um reenfoque do conceito foucaultiano de heterotopia através da elucidaçáo de sua noçáo de espelho e sua contribuiçáo potencial para refletir sobre a experiência espacial na contemporaneidade.

  8. Michel Foucault et Paul Ricœur, vers un dialogue possible

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    Simon Castonguay

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Il est désormais connu que Michel Foucault s’est intéressé à la fin de sa vie à l’ ”herméneutique du sujet.” Mais cette histoire de la constitution du sujet (ou de la subjectivité fait étrangement l’économie d’une réflexion sur le rôle de la compréhension, alors que Foucault qualifie son travail d’ ”ontologie historique de nous-mêmes.” C'est sur ce point précis qu’est ici mis à l'épreuve le caractère médiateur de l’œuvre de Paul Ricœur, dont l’herméneutique du soi prend en charge une ontologie de la compréhension. Suite à ces considérations, la seconde partie de l’article cherche à démontrer que la théorie de l’agir de Ricœur peut favoriser le passage d’une reconnaissance de type objectale à une reconnaissance des capacités du sujet à se tenir pour responsable. Ce passage sera opéré directement sur le modèle d’analyse du “dernier Foucault,” c’est-à-dire son concept-clé de “processus de subjectivation.”In his later work, Michel Foucault manifested a strong interest for the “hermeneutics of the subject.” Yet this history of the constitution of the subject (or subjectivity does without any reflection on the role of understanding, even though Foucault characterizes his project as a historical ontology of ourselves. The power of mediation emphasized in the work of Paul Ricœur may help us redefine an ontology of understanding through a hermeneutics of the self. Following this, the second part of the article aims to show that Ricœur’s theory of action can facilitate a transition from the recognition of the self, first described as “objectivation,” to a recognition of the subject’s capacity to be held responsible. This passage will draw on the model of analysis in the later Foucault, specifically, on his key concept of the subjectivation process. 

  9. Michel Foucault

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plum, Maja

    2012-01-01

    Denne antologi introducerer til centrale politologiske, filosofiske, sociologiske, økonomiske og psykologiske tænkere og perspektiver, hvis teorier kan anvendes som analytiske redskaber og rammer inden for det sociale felt. Bogen giver læseren redskaber til at reflektere over og skabe kobling mel...

  10. Il razzismo come strategia di difesa sociale. Michel Foucault e le forme attuali del biopotere

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    Maura Simone

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Racism as a Social Defense Strategy. Michel Foucault and Current Forms of Biopower - During his lessons held at the College de France in 1976 Michel Foucault presents a genealogy of two types of narratives, concerning respectively war and race theory, considered in their historical development from the XVIth Century. Foucault’s work Il faut défendre la société outlines a specific model for the function of race theory, seen as a technique of normalization of diversity, and not longer as an “exceptional event” produced by the “totalitarian” narratives which arose in the XXth Century. This paper aims to stress the actuality of Foucault’s position, trying to show how the concept of bio-power, already at work in these lessons, deserves an active and productive role in the analysis of contemporary “democratic” societies, because of the structure of their internal cohesion, based on strategies developing “inclusion”/“exclusion” dynamics.

  11. El “biopoder” en Michel Foucault. Emergencia y linaje de un concepto

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    Verna Martínez Martín

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available La losofía de Michel Foucault ha sido una de las influencias más importantes que el siglo XX ha ejercido sobre nuestro pensamiento político contemporáneo. Entre sus contribuciones, la noción de “biopoder” es notable tanto por el amplio espectro de problemas que ha señalado desde su creación por el pensador, cuanto por la flexibilidad con la que es capaz de cambiar su sentido en función del contexto de problematización en el que aparece. Para comprender cuál es el marco conceptual desde el que Foucault concibió esta noción en su Historia de la sexualidad, es necesario un trabajo de lectura atenta y análisis de las re exiones originales en torno a ella. Nuestra intención es prestar atención a cómo Foucault pensó el poder en sus cursos del Collège de France desde el inicio de la elabora- ción de Historia de la sexualidad.

  12. Critical thinking and contemporary mental health care: Michel Foucault's "history of the present".

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    Roberts, Marc

    2017-04-01

    In order to be able to provide informed, effective and responsive mental health care and to do so in an evidence-based, collaborative and recovery-focused way with those who use mental health services, there is a recognition of the need for mental health professionals to possess sophisticated critical thinking capabilities. This article will therefore propose that such capabilities can be productively situated within the context of the work of the French philosopher Michel Foucault, one of the most challenging, innovative and influential thinkers of the 20th century. However, rather than focusing exclusively upon the content of Foucault's work, it will be suggested that it is possible to discern a general methodological approach across that work, a methodological approach that he refers to as "the history of the present." In doing so, Foucault's history of the present can be understood as a productive, albeit provisional, framework in which to orientate the purpose and process of critical thinking for mental health professionals by emphasizing the need to both historicize and politicize the theoretical perspectives and therapeutic practices that characterize contemporary mental health care. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. UN ETHOS HISTORICO La historia en los últimos trabajos de Michel Foucault.

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    Luis César Sanfelippo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente texto, se indagará la concepción de la historia presente en los últimos trabajos de Michel Foucault. Estos trabajos se inscriben en un contexto de crisis del régimen moderno de historicidad, centrado en las ideas de progreso y de revolución. Intentaremos demostrar que, en dicho contexto, la obra del filósofo francés permitiría abordar una relación diferente entre la práctica intelectual y las prácticas de resistencia, entre la labor historiográfica y unos modos de vida que, en el presente, permitirían una transformación de lo que somos.

  14. MICHEL FOUCAULT AND THE FINANCIAL GOVERNABILITY REFLECTIONS ON THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL CRISIS

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    Juan Omar, Agüero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I present a governability or power technology form what I call financial governability that differs from the German ordoliberalism and the North American anacor-liberalism, analyzed by Michel Foucault. In which context does this form emerge from financial rationality?, how does it emerge and develop itself?, what meanings has it got for biopolítics and governability? And what implications happen from this transformation process of the human work in financial capital?, these are some of the matters that are discussed in this paper. As from the concepts of biopolítics and governability, I treat the theories of the policy of society and human capital, as foundations of the German ordoliberalism and the North American anarco-liberalism, respectively, later discussing the governability form which I call financial governability, as power technology differentiated from those.

  15. A psicologia em História da Loucura de Michel Foucault

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    Fernando de Almeida Silveira

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Michel Foucault investiga "a história das relações que o pensamento mantém com a verdade" e desnaturaliza corpo, alma e psiqué considerando-os invenções histórico-discursivas, as quais só têm sentido se inseridas em determinados arranjos epistêmicos de produção de verdades, no caso, o surgimento das ciências humanas. Esta pesquisa estuda a ordem do discurso foucaultiano sobre a Psicologia em sua fase arqueológica, no livro História da Loucura, com o intuito de oferecer subsídios para a compreensão da história dos discursos da Psicologia, no que se refere à edificação do sujeito e do objeto psicológicos e em seus efeitos subjetivadores.

  16. “A UTOPIA DE UM CORPO INCORPÓREO”: corpo, poder e saber em Michel de Foucault

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    Assis Daniel Gomes

    2016-12-01

    En este trabajo se reflexiona, de manera bien introductoria, acerca de algunas preocupaciones planteadas por Michel Foucault, en especial lo que él llama disciplinalization y utopía del cuerpo. Deducimos que estos están influenciados por la filosofía post-sartreana, participan las afecciones resultantes a partir de mayo de 1968 y un retorno a la filosofía de Nietzsche. Este filósofo de la transgresión en tela de juicio los supuestos hasta ahora planteados por la filosofía perspectiva marxista, vinculadas al concepto de lucha de clases y militante función intelectual (Sartre, que pensar en el cuerpo y el poder. Por último, Foucault refleja cómo construir cierta sociedad disciplinaria, según las convenciones dadas paraliza el cuerpo, inventa y dominado por ciertos intereses permeadas por relaciones de micro-poder. Palabras clave: Cuerpo; El Poder-saber; Michel Foucault.

  17. A crítica genealógica de Michel Foucault às governamentalidades do liberarismo

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, Nei Antonio

    2012-01-01

    Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociologia Política, Florianópolis, 2012 O objetivo principal deste trabalho é explicitar/analisar A Crítica genealógica de Michel Foucault às governamentalidades do liberalismo. No primeiro capítulo, procuramos realizar uma discussão metodológica e, desse modo, evidenciar o instrumental genealógico do teórico francês, dando ênfase à explicitação das categorias ce...

  18. R. Lenoir and J.-J. Yvorel, (eds.) : Michel Foucault. Surveiller et punir : la prison vingt ans après

    OpenAIRE

    Dinges, Martin

    2009-01-01

    In the English speaking world there is no lack of books or collections of essays somehow related to the work of Michel Foucault. One only has to consider the enormous flow of publications on « Gouvernementality » easily accessible in Current Contents. But the publication under review was only possible in France. In accordance with Michel Foucault's own way to do philosophy and politics, this book combines in a very interesting way different approaches to his seminal work about prisons : The b...

  19. Michel Foucault e a construção discursiva do corpo do sujeito moderno e sua relação com a psicologia Michel Foucault y la construcción discursiva del cuerpo de lo sujeto moderno y su relación con la psicologia Michel Foucault and the discursive construction of modern subject's body and their relation with psychology

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    Fernando de Almeida Silveira

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Michel Foucault investiga "a história das relações que o pensamento mantém com a verdade" e como se estabelece a correlação entre pensamento e verdade, tendo o enunciado do corpo como elemento discursivo fundamental na constituição dos jogos de verdades sobre o sujeito moderno. Através da leitura da bibliografia desse autor, de comentaristas e de outros filósofos modernos, esta pesquisa estuda a questão do corpo na fase arqueológica foucaultiana, principalmente no livro As Palavras e As Coisas, destacando as formações discursivas do corpo, da vida e do homem em seus efeitos subjetivadores, com especial referência à constituição discursiva do sujeito psicológico. Verificou-se que Foucault desnaturaliza o corpo, apresentando-o como conceito-chave (ou grade de especificação na produção de discursos sobre o homem moderno, o que nos permite também compreender a psiqué não como emanação ou essência metafísica do corpo, mas como instrumento discursivo, singularmente emergente na história do pensamento moderno.Michel Foucault investiga "la historia de las relaciones que el pensamiento mantiene con la verdad" y como la correlación entre el pensamiento y la verdad es establecida, al traer el cuerpo como elemento discursivo fundamental en los juegos de verdades sobre la constitución del sujeto moderno. A través de la lectura de la bibliografía de este autor, comentaristas y otros filósofos, la investigación estudia la cuestión del cuerpo en la fase de Foucault arqueológica, principalmente en "Las Palabras y las Cosas", destacando las formaciones discursivas del cuerpo, de la vida y del hombre en sus efectos sujetivadores, a la constitución del sujeto psicológico. Se comprobó que Foucault desnaturaliza el cuerpo, presentándolo como concepto-clave en la producción de discursos sobre el hombre moderno. Lo que nos permite comprender también la psiqué, no como emanación o esencia metafísica del cuerpo, sino como

  20. Ethical identification of the subject, and “techniques of the self” in the works of Michel Foucault

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    Yu V Yatsutsenko

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available We are used to the image of an individual as getting into the social reality created before and without him; however, Michel Foucault questions the genealogy of the modern subject, and states that within a ready-made social reality an individual is not given even to himself. Foucault considers processes and practices of individual self-identification, and modes of subjectivation , i. e. the ways, by which an individual seeks and finds his place in an already and completely configured system of social relations. Foucault develops a specific conceptual tool - “techniques of the self” as sets of representations and practices, by which an individual changes oneself and integrates into some ethical systems (of knowledge, rules of behavior, power relations. “Techniques of the self” are purely social, they do not constitute any ethical identity; on the contrary, they provide a socially determined self-identification. Foucault’s “techniques of the self” let us conceptualize the coincidence of the seemingly anonymous processes of governing and individual self-definition; these techniques serve as indicators of individual ethical normalization. Identification of the “techniques of the self” in subjects’ actions helps to define the governing processes not as a violent submission, but as a basic state of the social interaction systems. In order to verify the heuristic potential of the “techniques of the self” concept, the author considers ancient and early Christian models of subjectivation, which Foucault opposed as two ethical models of subject’s access to the “truths”. With the ancient ethical “techniques of the self”, a subject is a full-fledged ethical agent; with the early Christian techniques, he is to accept one’s ontological inability to establish the righteousness based only on one’s personal experience. For example, such an opposition helps to explain differences between tutorship forms and self-control goals.

  1. Racismo de estado e tanatopolítica: Sobre o paradoxo do nazismo em Michel Foucault e Giorgio Agamben

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    Francisco Bruno Pereira Diógenes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo propõe-se a expor as reflexões de dois filósofos contemporâneos, quais sejam, Michel Foucault e Giorgio Agamben, de modo a promover um paralelo,ou mesmo uma analogia, entre duas noções que permeiam as obras dos respectivos autores. Estas noções consistem no que Foucault chamou de Racismo de Estado, e no que Agamben nomeou de Tanatopolítica. O contexto, e tambémo objeto, no qual se efetiva este intento é, em uma palavra, a política totalitária do Estado nazista.Ambos os autores compreendem os fenômenos totalitários a partir do ponto de vista da biopolítica, entretanto, ao tratar do Estado Nacional-socialista, Foucault identifica nele um paradoxo, sem, contudo desenvolver com maior profundidade a imbricação que ali se deu. Agamben, por sua vez, concebe semelhante paradoxo como pertencendo a uma forma de fazer política que já traz, desde a sua origem, os fundamentos que permitiram a emergência do fenômeno da forma como surgiu e que fora identificada pelos ditos autores, ou seja, trazendo em si tanto elementos antigos, como a glória e os ideais de sangue, quanto modernos, como a eugenia. A pesquisa bibliográfica que aqui se desenvolveu deu-se na leitura de, basicamente, três obras dos supraditos autores, quais sejam, Em defesa da sociedade, História da sexualidade I – A vontade de saber, de um lado (Foucault, e Homo sacer – O poder soberano e a vida nua I, de outro (Agamben.

  2. "Pensamento do fora", conhecimento e pensamento em educação: conversações com Michel Foucault "Thought of the outside", knowledge and thought in education: conversations with Michel Foucault

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    Cintya Regina Ribeiro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho visa problematizar a suposta constituição virtuosa entre educação e conhecimento oriunda de certa herança cultural da modernidade ocidental. A problemática ancora-se na indagação difusa, porém insistente, a ecoar no campo educacional: "o que é o ato do pensar, em educação, na contemporaneidade?". A tomada das condições atuais do pensamento como um problema de pesquisa educacional coloca em questão a histórica articulação entre conhecimento e pensamento reflexivo, obrigando ao confronto de certos amálgamas pedagógicos caros ao campo educacional moderno. Tal enfrentamento se realiza na companhia dos pensadores Michel Foucault e Friedrich Nietzsche, dada a relevância estratégica de suas produções, particularmente acerca da linguagem, da produção da verdade e de suas implicações nos modos de conhecer e pensar. Busca-se operacionalizar uma crítica da linguagem em direção a uma crítica do pensamento em educação, na chave de uma problematização ético-política. Nesse trabalho, tal plataforma analítica configura-se a partir das discussões de Michel Foucault - tanto em relação à questão do pensamento do fora, tal como elaborada por Maurice Blanchot, como em relação ao pensamento da diferença, tal como formulado por Gilles Deleuze. Sugerimos que a exploração desse debate possa atuar como um exercício de exterioridade ou de pensamento diferencial no jogo com o conhecimento e com o pensamento reflexivo presentes no campo educacional - seja no âmbito dos fazeres pedagógicos cotidianos da escola, seja no campo da produção da pesquisa educacional.This study aims to discuss the supposed virtuous constitution of education and knowledge originated from a certain cultural heritage of Western modernity. The study's problematic is anchored in the diffuse but insistent question which echoes in the educational field: "what is the act of thinking in education in contemporary times?". Studying the

  3. A caixa de ferramentas de Michel Foucault, a reforma psiquiátrica e os desafios contemporâneos Michel Foucault's conceptual toolbox, psychiatric reform and contemporary challenges

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    Jardel Sander

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca discutir as influências das ideias de Michel Foucault - sua caixa de ferramentas conceituais - na reforma psiquiátrica brasileira. Nesse sentido, parte-se de um olhar mais amplo sobre o projeto do autor, buscando identificar sua atualidade no cenário da saúde mental brasileira. Para tanto, traça-se um percurso histórico que retoma, brevemente, os acontecimentos do final dos anos 1970 no Brasil até alcançar os dias atuais. O esforço é justamente o de colocar em questão a necessidade de outras ferramentas conceituais, no intuito de esclarecer as condições de possibilidade de noções como as de loucura, doença mental e desrazão, em busca de uma relação porosa com o Fora (Dehors. Sendo assim, busca-se refletir sobre a importância das artes, em sua potência de criação e invenção, nesse processo, como possível fornecedora de ferramentas de trabalho.This paper discusses the influences of Michel Foucault's ideas - its conceptual toolbox - to the Brazilian psychiatric reform, that composes the current scenario of mental health in Brazil. It is made a historic rescue retaking, although shortly, the events of the late 1970s in Brazil. Subsequently, it is questioned these changes actuality, as well as the need for further conceptual tools in order to point possibility conditions for notions such as madness, mental illness and déraison, seeking for a relationship with the outside (dehors. It is concluded by emphasizing the importance of arts (its creation and invention potency, in the process of constructing a new conceptual toolbox.

  4. Von den Dispositiven der Macht und ihrer sozialen Morphologie - Zur Aktualität der Machtanalysen Michel Foucaults

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    Wolfgang Neurath

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag rekapituliert im Blick auf die Überlappungen von Macht, Souveränität und Herrschaft die soziale Morphologie der Foucaultschen Gesellschaftstheorie und betont dabei die Aktualität von Forschungen, die sich machtkritisch an den Dispositivbegriff anlehnen. Was ein Dispositiv ist, wird im Rekurs auf Deleuze und Agamben vor Augen geführt, um in der Figur der "schizophrenen Flucht" ein entscheidendes Moment der französischen Debatten auszumachen. Dabei ist der Panoptismus nach wie vor ein bemerkenswertes Modell, um historisch die innere Funktionsweise von Disziplinargesellschaften zu begreifen, die sich zu Kontrollgesellschaften gewandelt haben. Dem Homo digitalis steht angesichts von Big Data im Semiokapitalismus des 21. Jahrhunderts ein System wechselseitiger Kontrolle vor Augen, dem er sich lückenlos unterwerfen soll. Dem setzt sich nach wie vor die Figur der widerständigen Subjektivierung entgegen, wie sie Foucault in seinem Spätwerk entworfen hat. Auf allgemeinster Ebene hebt dieser Artikel hervor, dass wir auch heute noch ein politisches Modell vor Augen haben, dass der antiken Arena im Sinne einer politischen Heterotopie entspricht, in der es im Krieg um das nackte Überleben geht. Zusammenfassend wird Foucaults Kriegsparadigma über Michel de Certeaus Modellierung von Strategie und Taktik auf die Figur des Bürgerkriegs bezogen, um insgesamt zu betonen, dass dort wo Macht ist, immer auch Widerstand möglich ist. This article recaps the social morphology of Foucault’s theory of society in the light of power, sovereignty, and domination, emphasizing the actuality of research that is referring to the concept of apparatus. This concept is pointed out in the recourse to Deleuze and Agamben, to identify – in the figure of "schizophrenic escape" – a decisive moment in the French debates. Panoptism is still a remarkable model for historical understanding of the internal functioning of disciplinary societies that have

  5. The Product of Text and "Other" Statements: Discourse Analysis and the Critical Use of Foucault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Linda J.

    2011-01-01

    Much has been written on Michel Foucault's reluctance to clearly delineate a research method, particularly with respect to genealogy (Harwood, 2000; Meadmore, Hatcher & McWilliam, 2000; Tamboukou, 1999). Foucault (1994, p. 288) himself disliked prescription stating, "I take care not to dictate how things should be" and wrote provocatively to…

  6. Zur Bedeutung von Michel Foucault für die heutige Psychiatrie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandermeersch, P.M.G.P.

    1997-01-01

    M. Foucault´s book on the history of madness has mostly been received as an anti-psychiatric critique of the great confinement. Thus, the original meaning of the book has been discarded: a critique of the psychiatric practice from the point a view of history of science and philosophy of culture.

  7. Parrhesia e forma-di-vita. Soggettivazione e desoggettivazione in Michel Foucault e Giorgio Agamben

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    Stefano Marchesoni

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Nei suoi libri recenti sotto il titolo principale "Homo sacer", Agamben si concentra sul concetto di forma-di-vita. Con questo articolo vorrei fornire una spiegazione del significato di questo concetto, sostenendo che le sue origini si possono far risalire alle "Vite degli uomini infami" di Foucault.

  8. A moderna política dos castigos uma perspectiva da punição em Michel Foucault

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    Daniel de Souza Lemos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1806-5023.2013v10n1p114 O presente artigo pretende abordar o conceito de punição, presente na obra do filósofo francês Michel Foucault, a partir das transformações que tal idéia sofreu, com repercussões em todo o Ocidente, especialmente a partir do século XVIII, tomando-se como modelo a sua ocorrência na Sociedade Francesa. Para isso procedeu-se à análise de obras relevantes do pensador estudado, especialmente aquelas em que o mesmo aborda, de forma mais direta, a questão ora examinada. A pesquisa teve como foco inicial a obra “Vigiar e Punir - História da Violência nas Prisões”, escrita em 1975, especialmente a sua segunda parte, “Punição”, em que Foucault, no capítulo segundo, trata da “Punição Generalizada”.

  9. LA PERIODICIDAD Y EL USO DE LA DISCONTINUIDAD EN LA OBRA DE MICHEL FOUCAULT

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    Fernando Beresñak

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Foucault realizará sus preguntas histórico-filosóficas tratando de construir unaespecie particular de relato histórico que ponga en suspenso al hombre como sujeto privilegiadodel mismo (poniendo también en suspenso a sus objetos de estudio. Para evitar construir -o dapor construida- de antemano la formación discursiva de sus objetos de estudio, así como de suspropias temporalidades, Foucault tratará de hacer que el mismo objeto de estudio determine supropia periodización. Así, construirá su metodología de manera tal que el objeto determine supropia modalidad de permanencia: a veces con continuidades, a veces con rupturas, a veces condesapariciones, otras con transformaciones, y otras en las que ni siquiera exist

  10. Michel Foucault and the genealogy as a criticism of the present

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    Selvino José Assmann

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this paper is to analyze the criticism to modernity that is in Foucault’s genealogy. First we discuss Focault’s analysis of Kant’s article on Aufklärung and Baudelaire’s concept of dandy. So, we focus gave emphasis the “truth analytic” and its ontextualization made by Foucault of the social role of an intellectual in the light of the great changes in knowledge and in the practices of power in the last decades. To conclude, we suggest that, by studying the Aufklärung investigating the excess of modern racionality, Foucault tries to reassess the possibilities of freedom practices, sustaining the criticism exercise as philosophical ethos. This is needed to redefine the governability and ethical and political commitments made by the agents in different social places.

  11. Em torno de Michel Foucault e Luis Buñuel: saber e poder na análise de O Discreto Charme da Burguesia

    OpenAIRE

    Priscila Canova Motta

    2014-01-01

    O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar o filme O Discreto Charme da Burguesia, de Luis Buñuel (1972), por meio de alguns conceitos do referencial teórico-metodológico de Michel Foucault: saber e enunciado discursivo em suas relações com o poder e verdade, e buscar compreender o poder em seu exercício no filme, e não apenas em seus efeitos. Partindo de alguns princípios sobre saber em Foucault, mapeamos um enunciado fílmico que apareceu em algumas sequências, qual seja: O barulho que oculta a di...

  12. “Pensamiento del afuera”, conocimiento y pensamiento en educación: conversaciones con Michel Foucault

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    Cinthya Regina Ribeiro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo busca problematizar la supuesta constitución virtuosa entre educación y conocimiento, oriunda de cierta herencia cultural de la modernidad occidental. La problemática se apoya en la indagación difusa, aunque insistente, que se repite en el campo de la educación: “¿De qué se trata el acto de pensar, en educación, en la contemporaneidad?”. El tomar las condiciones actuales de pensamiento como un problema de investigación en educación, pone en duda la histórica articulación entre conocimiento y pensamiento reflexivo, lo que obliga a la confrontación de ciertas mezclas pedagógicas preciadas en el campo educativo moderno. Tal enfrentamiento se realiza a la luz de las reflexiones de los pensadores Michel Foucault y Friedrich Nietzsche, dada la relevancia estratégica de sus producciones, especialmente sobre el lenguaje, la producción de verdad y sus implicaciones en los modos de conocer y pensar. Se busca construir una crítica del lenguaje en dirección a una crítica del pensamiento en educación, en el centro de una problematización ético-política. En este trabajo, tal plataforma analítica se configura a partir de las discusiones de Michel Foucault, tanto en relación a la cuestión del pensamiento del afuera, como en relación al pensamiento de la diferencia, tal como fue formulado por Gilles Deleuze. Sugerimos que la explotación de ese debate, puede actuar como un ejercicio de exterioridad o de pensamiento diferencial en el juego con el conocimiento y con el pensamiento reflexivo presentes en el campo de la educación, sea en el ámbito de las tareas pedagógicas cotidianas en la escuela, o en el campo de la producción de la investigación en la educación.

  13. NARRADOR SILENCIOSO? UMA LEITURA DE PEPETELA SOB A ÓPTICA DO DISCURSO DE MICHEL FOUCAULT

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    Sebastião Marques Neto

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available objetivo deste artigo é discutir o silenciamento e o silêncio da voz narrativa em A gloriosa família, do escritor angolano Pepetela – pseudônimo de Arthur Carlos Maurício Pestana dos Santos – (1999. Inspirado em Fou-cault, proponho-me a tratar alguns enunciados da obra, a partir do seu pen-samento sobre a noção de discurso e poder, buscando a multiplicidade de acontecimentos que operam nos jogos entre o real e o ficcional; entre o fato histórico e a suas versões imersas nas práticas sociais. A idéia é articular o foco narrativo em seu duplo movimento: ora silenciado, ora em afasia, den-tro de um contexto cujas relações de poder buscam ecos na escrita do filóso-fo francês.

  14. Às voltas com a História da Loucura: um percurso intelectual de Michel Foucault

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    Elton Corbanezi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de compreender o projeto em História da Loucura na Idade Clássica [1961] como um élan à trajetória intelectual de Foucault, a qual problematiza a racionalidade das nossas relações com o Outro da cultura ocidental, isto é, com aquele que reside historicamente no não dito. Para tanto, torna-se necessário discutir as implicações sociais a partir da oposição entre o normal e o patológico, de modo a ressaltar uma questão fundamental em sua tese de 1961, a saber: de que maneira o louco, como representante de uma das experiências limite problematizadas por Foucault, passou a ser concebido como o Outro a ser recusado pela racionalidade ocidental. Desse modo, por meio de sua análise histórico- filosófica e da demonstração da crescente subordinação da loucura à razão – a partir da qual se torna possível a emergência da loucura e de suas redes de controle social –, trata-se de evidenciar de que modo o homem, como um objeto fictício de si, aparece como uma problematização já em seus primeiros escritos. Às voltas com as embrionárias reflexões e problematizações das (não relações que se tem com os saberes sujeitados da cultura ocidental, confere-se a contribuição de Michel Foucault à filosofia contemporânea, em sua tarefa crítica do pensamento que implica a arte de não ser governado pela verdade em sentido a-histórico.

  15. O cortiço e a prisão - vigilãncia e controle: Aluísio Azevedo e Michel Foucault

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    Marcio Luiz Carreri

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The current articleintends to analyze the existingrelations between metaficcionhistoriografic and the ideologypresented in the naturalisticromance O Cortiço (1890, fromAluísio Azevedo, by means ofarticulation of a reading fromFoucault’s method. Processingdialogues between apparent anddifferent speech areas, it considersa reflection about control anddiscipline through panoptism, usingas research source the Vigiar epunir book, by Michel Foucault in1975.

  16. Der Erscheinungsraum der Geschlechter. Macht, Diskurs und Indentität bei Michel Foucault und deren Relevanz für die feministische Kritik am Geschlechterbegriff

    OpenAIRE

    Dürr, Christian

    1995-01-01

    The thesis aims at the theoretical foundation of deconstructivist strategies in contemporary feminism with reference to the work of French philosopher Michel Foucault. The feminist tradition of distinguishing between the conceptions of "gender" as a culturally coded form of identity and "sex" as its supposed biological foundation has been criticized by younger feminist thinkers, such as Judith Butler, whose work is related to contemporary postmodern thinking. The work of Butler, for example, ...

  17. Michel Foucault, Judith Butler, y los cuerpos e identidades críticas, subversivas y deconstructivas de la Intersexualidad

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    González Vázquez, Araceli

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Intersexuality is considered a critical, subversive and deconstructive tool for the categories of sex and gender, in particular from social constructivist theoretical positions well nurtured by post-estructuralist rethoric. The purpose of this article is to discuss the reception of Foucault’s thought in studies on Intersexuality, explain his concepts and how they are incorporated, and which ideas they contribute to destabilizing or reifying within the current debates.

    La Intersexualidad es considerada una herramienta de crítica, subversión y deconstrucción de las categorías sexo y género, singularmente desde posiciones ligadas al constructivismo social y muy nutridas por las retóricas postestructuralistas. La propuesta de este artículo es la de discutir la recepción del pensamiento de Michel Foucault en los estudios sobre la Intersexualidad, y explicar qué conceptos y cómo se incorporan, y qué ideas contribuyen a desestabilizar o reificar dentro de estos debates.

  18. [The unbroken power of psychiatry as seen through the eyes of Michel Foucault].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraan, H F

    2006-01-01

    Is the psychiatrist still a powerfulforce in society? Foucault, a 'historical philosopher' concerned with power relations, would have answered this question in the affirmative. Possibly, however, the psychiatrist's sovereign power is weaker than it was a century ago because some of the psychiatrist's tasks have been re-allocated. Some have been assigned to the growing number of specialist groups in the mental health service, others have been put in the hands of 'health managers' who form part of our country's growing bureaucracy and put a financial and economic burden on our health service. Nevertheless, the procedural power of psychiatrist has not been weakened; psychiatrists are able to deprive patients of their freedom, pronounce them unfit for work and reduce punishments and sentences for serious crime on the grounds of diminished responsibility. This procedural power is accentuated by the increasing influence of psychology in society. The power of psychiatric knowledge has shifted from an archaic to a demonstrative discourse about truth which is rooted in evidence-based medicine and which enhances the power of psychiatrists still further. This may also mean that the 19th century concept of hysteria is perpetuated in psychiatric practice in all kinds of modern clinical forms.

  19. Author in cyberspace: comparison of the current position of the author and authorship anonymity with theories of Michel Foucault and Roland Barthes

    OpenAIRE

    Bobák, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the position of the author in the environment of internet. The main source of information for this thesis is the study of Roland Barthes - Death of the Author and the lecture of Michel Foucault - What is an author? After a thorough analysis of these two works, the thesis focuses on the description of the webpage www.pismak.cz, which has been selected as a suitable representative for environment of internet. This website allows us to study and explore the role and place of...

  20. La noción de enunciado rector de Michel Foucault y el análisis de objetos discursivos mediáticos

    OpenAIRE

    Voss, Jefferson; Navarro, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Este texto tem como escopo discorrer sobre a noção de enunciado reitor, erigida no interior do método arqueológico de Michel Foucault, e discutir sua operacionalidade para a Análise de Discurso (AD). Para tanto, arguimos, primeiramente, sobre as possibilidades de trabalho com o método arqueológico. Na sequência, apresentamos algumas ressalvas que precisariam ser feitas diante da especificidade de algumas materialidades discursivas contemporâneas. Essas ressalvas dizem respeito a algumas noçõe...

  1. Michel Foucault e a revolução narrativa em psicopatologia e psicoterapia: ser-em-estórias entre pathos e poiesis

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    Paulo Jesus

    Full Text Available O modelo narrativo em psicopatologia e psicoterapia, com dinamismo crescente desde a proposta inicial de White e Epston (1990, afirma-se como crítica “discursiva” não somente das categorias de diagnóstico psicopatológico, mas também da assimetria cognitiva e prática na relação psicoterapêutica. Neste artigo, examinamos os fundamentos epistemológicos desse modelo, recorrendo a Michel Foucault para examinar os processos simbólicos de criação narrativa da subjetividade.

  2. [Existence, Absence and Power of Madness: A Critical Review of Michel Foucault's Writings on the History and Philosophy of Madness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brückner, Burkhart; Iwer, Lukas; Thoma, Samuel

    2017-03-01

    This article discusses Michel Foucault's main writings on "madness and psychiatry" from his early works up to the 1970s. On the one hand, we reconstruct the overall theoretical and methodological development of his positions over the course of the different periods in his oeuvre. On the other hand, we also take a closer look at Foucault's philosophical considerations regarding the subjects of his investigations. After an initial introduction of our conceptual approach, we draw on the most recent research on Foucault to show to what extent the phenomenological description of the topic at hand and the historical-critical perspective that are reflected in his early writings of 1954 (the Introduction to Binswanger's Dream and Existence and Mental Illness and Personality) laid the ground for his later work. Moving on to Foucault's work during the 1960s, we look at the core features and methodological bases of his 1961 classic Folie et déraison (History of Madness). His propositions regarding the "absence of madness" in modernity are conceptualized as an inherently contradictory attempt to liberate the topic under study from the common assumptions at that time. We then situate his 1973/74 lectures on Psychiatric Power in the context of his shift towards analyzing the dynamics of power and highlight the renewed shift of focus in his statements on the "productivity" of madness as an effect of power. Finally, we sum up our critique by taking into account the history of the reception of Foucault's writings and ask about their potential significance for the contemporary philosophy and history of psychiatry.

  3. Ética sexual y estética de la existencia en la antigua Grecia. Aproximaciones para una reflexión sobre la homosexualidad desde Michel Foucault

    OpenAIRE

    Montoya Gómez, Rubén Darío

    2011-01-01

    Esta tesis estudia el conjunto de valores que llevaron a que la relación erótica entre hombres se constituyera en el foco principal de reflexión en la ética sexual griega. También intenta responder cuál es la propuesta de Michel Foucault respecto a la experiencia de la homosexualidad hoy.

  4. [Ethics and medicine in Michel Foucault: the humanistic dimension of medicine derived from a genealogy of morality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Benjamim

    2005-01-01

    The article presents the results of a doctoral dissertation defended at the Universidad de Salamanca, based on Foucault's final decade of writings. If Foucault's goal in writing The History of Sexuality was to fashion a genealogy of ethics, my goal in analyzing this book, along with his other writings, is to demonstrate his last contribution to the history of medicine. He moves from a conception of power over others towards a conception of power over oneself, an exclusive terrain of ancient Greek morality. As a thinker who tries to understand today's problems by going to their roots, Foucault develops less a history than a philosophy of history. Considered an anti-humanist, he leaves us with a portrait of a wholly ethical-humanistic medicine.

  5. Resistances to Global Educational Prescriptions in the Global South: Theoretical Considerations through Michel Foucault's Lenses

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    Charlier, Jean-Émile; Panait, Oana Marina

    2018-01-01

    This article proposes an inquiry into Foucault's approach of subjectivation, extending it to the institutional actors and individual subjects in the educational field in the Global South. The article takes Senegal as a case study and examines the reactions of these categories of actors to the Education for All global policy and to the national…

  6. Poder, resistencia y dominación en las Américas esclavistas: apostillas a Michel Foucault (paradojas y aporías

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    Agnes Lugo-Ortiz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This article explores one of the most incidental, and thus least studied, equivocations in Michel Foucault's work: his understan-ding of slavery in relation to his conceptualizations of power, domination, resistance and freedom. The article also considers the heuristic value of these equivocations for thinking about the regimes of the large slave plantations of the Americas. Does slavery describe a relation of power or a state of domination? What distinct analytical and ethical implications would this distinction have upon examining the problem of freedom under subjugation? Through a careful exegesis of two late instances in the work of the French thinker, "Subject and power" (1982 and "The ethics of care of the self as a practice of freedom" (1984, this article identifies the conceptual ambiguities that accompany his brief observations on slavery, and takes them as a starting point for highlighting a series of moments in which games of power during the period of slavery in the Americas show the limits that were intuited, yet not theorized, by Foucault; limits which are no other than extreme violence and death. This is exemplified through a discussion of certain paradoxes in the phenomena of the fugitive slaves (cimarronaje and of the aporias, that were manifested through the uses of the Christian pastoral as a means of subjection at the beginnings of the Cuban slave plantations during the 18th century - and in dialogue with their symbolization in art.

  7. Comentarios de Agamben a la noción de biopolítica de Foucault Comentários de Agamben à noção de biopolítica de Foucault "Agamben Commentaries" to michel foucault's notion of biopolitics

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    Graciela Lechuga-Solís

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Indisociable a la propuesta crítica del estudio del poder desarrollada por Michel Foucault es la noción de biopolítica la que ha sido retomada, entre otros, por Giorgio Agamben quien le ha dado una lectura distinta con la intención de "corregirla". En las páginas siguientes se hace un recorrido de las afirmaciones de Foucault sobre la biopolítica y las hechas por el pensador italiano sobre el tema en su libro Homo sacer I, en particular en la introducción. Además se muestra la dificultad de la empresa agambiana debido a las grandes diferencias en las formas de pensar de ambos autores, por lo que la pretendida "corrección" es un mero comentario.Indissociável à proposta crítica do estudo de poder desenvolvida por Michel Foucault é a noção de biopolítica, que tem sido retomada, entre outros, por Giorgio Agamben, que faz uma leitura diferente com a intenção de "corrigi-la". Nas páginas a seguir faz-se um percurso das afirmações de Foucault sobre a biopolítca, bem como as realizadas pelo pensador italiano sobre o tema em seu livro Homo sacer I, em particular na introdução. Outrossim, apresenta-se a dificuldade da empresa agambiana às grandes diferenças nas formas de pensar de ambos os autores, razão pela qual a pretensa "correção" é um mero comentário.Inextricably linked to the critical proposal study of power and its exercise developed by Michel Foucault is the notion of Biopolitics which have been revisited by Giorgio Agamben who has given a different interpretation in an attemt to "correct" it. In what follows a run through the notion of Foucault's biopolitics is made, as well as Agamben's claims about Biopolitics, in particular in the introduction of his book Homo Sacer I. In addition the difficult of such task shown here is due to the huge differences of both thinkers, thus Agamben's supposed "correction", it's only a commentary.

  8. Caring potentials in the shadows of power, correction, and discipline - Forensic psychiatric care in the light of the work of Michel Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hörberg, Ulrica; Dahlberg, Karin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to shed light on contemporary forensic psychiatric care through a philosophical examination of the empirical results from two lifeworld phenomenological studies from the perspective of patients and carers, by using the French philosopher Michel Foucault's historical-philosophical work. Both empirical studies were conducted in a forensic psychiatric setting. The essential results of the two empirical studies were reexamined in a phenomenological meaning analysis to form a new general structure in accordance with the methodological principles of Reflective Lifeworld Research. This general structure shows how the caring on the forensic psychiatric wards appears to be contradictory, in that it is characterized by an unreflective (non-)caring attitude and contributes to an inconsistent and insecure existence. The caring appears to have a corrective approach and thus lacks a clear caring structure, a basic caring approach that patients in forensic psychiatric services have a great need of. To gain a greater understanding of forensic psychiatric caring, the new empirical results were further examined in the light of Foucault's historical-philosophical work. The philosophical examination is presented in terms of the three meaning constituents: Caring as correction and discipline, The existence of power, and Structures and culture in care. The philosophical examination illustrates new meaning nuances of the corrective and disciplinary nature of forensic psychiatric care, its power, and how this is materialized in caring, and what this does to the patients. The examination reveals embedded difficulties in forensic psychiatric care and highlights a need to revisit the aim of such care.

  9. Biopolíticas da saúde: reflexões a partir de Michel Foucault, Agnes Heller e Hannah Arendt

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    Francisco Ortega

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é oferecer ferramentas conceituais que possam ajudar na reflexão acerca da questão das biopolíticas da saúde a partir da obra de Michel Foucault, Agnes Heller e Hannah Arendt. Para Foucault, desde o século XVIII, a vida biológica e a saúde da nação tornaram-se alvos fundamentais de um poder sobre a vida que enfatizava especialmente as noções de sexualidade, raça e degenerescência, cujo objetivo era a otimização da qualidade biológica das populações. Para Arendt, esse movimento de politização da vida é profundamente antipolítico. A vida passa a ocupar o vazio deixado pela decomposição do âmbito público. No caso de Agnes Heller, o antipolitismo do discurso biopolítico se manifesta na procura constante de legitimação quase científica. O pensamento de raça, gênero, saúde é um pensamento científico imitado que substitui a opinião pela verdade. Se a política é o campo do confronto das opiniões, do diálogo, da iniciativa, do novo, da espontaneidade e da ação em liberdade, o pensamento biopolítico legitimado cientificamente é o espaço da verdade, da certeza, da necessidade, do determinismo e da causalidade, no qual o diálogo é substituído por uma política da autoclausura, de amigos e inimigos, e a pluralidade de opiniões é reduzida a uma única opinião politicamente correta.

  10. Biopolíticas da saúde: reflexões a partir de Michel Foucault, Agnes Heller e Hannah Arendt

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    Francisco Ortega

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é oferecer ferramentas conceituais que possam ajudar na reflexão acerca da questão das biopolíticas da saúde a partir da obra de Michel Foucault, Agnes Heller e Hannah Arendt. Para Foucault, desde o século XVIII, a vida biológica e a saúde da nação tornaram-se alvos fundamentais de um poder sobre a vida que enfatizava especialmente as noções de sexualidade, raça e degenerescência, cujo objetivo era a otimização da qualidade biológica das populações. Para Arendt, esse movimento de politização da vida é profundamente antipolítico. A vida passa a ocupar o vazio deixado pela decomposição do âmbito público. No caso de Agnes Heller, o antipolitismo do discurso biopolítico se manifesta na procura constante de legitimação quase científica. O pensamento de raça, gênero, saúde é um pensamento científico imitado que substitui a opinião pela verdade. Se a política é o campo do confronto das opiniões, do diálogo, da iniciativa, do novo, da espontaneidade e da ação em liberdade, o pensamento biopolítico legitimado cientificamente é o espaço da verdade, da certeza, da necessidade, do determinismo e da causalidade, no qual o diálogo é substituído por uma política da autoclausura, de amigos e inimigos, e a pluralidade de opiniões é reduzida a uma única opinião politicamente correta.

  11. El concepto de «racismo» en Michel Foucault y Frantz Fanon: ¿teorizar desde la zona del ser o desde la zona del no-ser?

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    Ramón Grosfoguel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata acerca de la emergencia histórica del racismo en el sistema-mundo y la definición del concepto de racismo. El mismo discute como contrapunteo la visión del racismo en Michel Foucault y la de Frantz Fanon. Este escrito provee una discusión acerca de las implicaciones epistémicas descoloniales de la teoría de Fanon acerca del racismo.

  12. Rupturas epistemológicas e o discurso sobre Deus. Uma leitura a partir de Michel Foucault. (Epistemological ruptures and discourse about God. A reading from Michel Foucault. - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2010v8n18p27

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    Flávio Augusto Senra Ribeiro

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta o resultado da pesquisa que abordou a investigação sobre as rupturas epistemológicas e o discurso sobre Deus na obra As palavras e as coisas, de Michel Foucault. Intitulada como "Deus, as palavras e as coisas", a pesquisa parcialmente apresentada aqui pretende ser uma colaboração para a análise do que se tem identificado como fenômeno do neo-ateísmo, um tema de grande relevância para a Filosofia da Religião nos dias atuais. Para compreendê-lo, apresentam-se, seguindo a perspectiva foucaultiana, os distintos matizes epistemológicos que sustentam a concepção sobre Deus. Em seus três momentos, o texto apresenta a episteme renascentista e o discurso de Deus, a episteme clássica e a idéia sobre Deus e, por fim, a episteme moderna, a morte de Deus e a morte do homem. Acredita-se que aquilo que se decide na contemporaneidade não seja necessariamente o acabamento do tempo da morte de Deus e a consequente morte do homem, fruto do modo moderno de compreender  e tematizar o divino, o infinito, o absoluto ou o verdadeiro, mas uma clara disputa entre variadas perspectivas epistemológicas em suas concretizações científica, política, cultural e religiosa. Palavras-chaves: Michel Foucault, Filosofia da Religião, Epistemologia, Deus, Ateísmo.   Abstract The article presents the results of research that investigate on epistemological ruptures and speaking about God in The Order of Things writhed by Michel Foucault. Entitled as "God, words and things," this research partially presented here is intended as collaboration for the analysis of what has been identified as phenomenon of neo-atheism, a topic very important for the Philosophy of Religion today. To understand it, we present, following the Foucaultian perspective, the different epistemological nuances underpinning conception of God. In her three moments, the text presents the Renaissance episteme and the God's discourse, the classical episteme and the idea of God

  13. Contribuições de Michel Foucault para analisar documentos e arquivos na judicialização/jurisdicionalização

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    Flávia Cristina Silveira Lemos

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Nesse artigo pretendemos ressaltar a produção histórica encontrada em arquivos e documentos, bem como as práticas de generalização de uma sociedade punitiva no âmbito das relações entre normas e leis, e também do poder, direito e verdade, de acordo com estudos de Michel Foucault a respeito da soberania jurídica, da disciplina, da biopolítica e da segurança como dispositivo político de governo das condutas. Na atualidade o uso dos documentos e de arquivos para criminalizar, encarcerar e segregar os desviantes sociais é uma prática cotidiana, e funciona pelo dispositivo de confissão nas adjacências do Poder Judiciário, operando as noções de risco e perigo, em termos de biopolítica. Já a escrita disciplinar aciona a constituição de casos e dossiês, por meio dos exames, das observações vigilantes e da sanção normalizadora, em uma microeconomia penal. é relevante criticar essas práticas e pensar campos de possibilidade de resistência a essas escritas de uma memória das infâmias na judicialização da vida.

  14. Foucault-Teaching-Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaudoin, Tom

    2003-01-01

    Religious education takes place within a postmodern culturalintellectual milieu exemplified in part by the work of Michel Foucault, which disrupts common modern concepts of knowledge and power. For Foucault, power is not only repressive but also productive, insofar as every system of knowledge depends on social arrangements of power for the…

  15. Foucault's genealogy of Christianity

    OpenAIRE

    Chrulew, Matthew Nikolai

    2017-01-01

    This thesis is an exploration of Michel Foucault's genealogy of Christianity. I argue that this important and under-appreciated aspect of his work is strongly influenced by Nietzsche's own anti-Christian writings on asceticism, priestly power and the death of God. Based on the texts currently available, I explicate in detail Foucault's perpetual and often ambivalent return to the confessional and pastoral apparatuses of the Church. I also explore how this work might relate to broader and incr...

  16. La subjetivación política más allá de la esfera pública: Michel Foucault, Jacques Rancière y Simone Weil

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    Emilse Galvis

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Se afirma que la subjetivación política no puede pensarse al margen de las manifestaciones éticas, artísticas y espirituales de la política, en cuanto que despliegan de distintas maneras unos efectos sobre lo que es asumido como común, y reconfiguran nuevas formas de concebir el sujeto político en caminos inusuales de la subjetivación. Se problematiza la subjetivación política a partir de tres lecturas: la crítica, con base en los planteamientos de Michel Foucault; una cierta interpretación de las prácticas artísticas, en Jacques Rancière; y una concepción de la espiritualidad y la política a la luz de los planteamientos de Simone Weil.

  17. Foucault's Political Challenge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    If one reads Michel Foucault "backward," so to speak, one can sense the contours of a "big narrative" of "the political" which is founded on the claim that "Where there is obedience there cannot be parrhesia" (Foucault, 2011, p. 336). What Foucault is doing with this sentence is breaking the circle...... from showing how obedience is incompatible with a politics of truth. The unity created by centralized domination, he holds, is democratically "false," however legitimate it may be. There can be no real democracy where laypeople are commanded to hand over their capacity and right to govern themselves...

  18. Bisogna difendere la società. La questione dell’identità razziale tra Michel Foucault ed Étienne Balibar

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    Valeria Gammella

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Faced with the growth of nationalism and racism in Occident, this essay aims to provide some theoretical tools to think ‘historically’ racism. To this end, I propose a study of the reflections of Foucault and Balibar about this issue. Their positions, although different, converge in approaching racism  as a problem connected with the construction of identity, in which the stakes are, according to Balibar, the political hegemony of a class in the national context, and, according to Foucault, the establishment of power relationships in the social context. In the years in which Foucault studies the genesis of racism, he’s also interested to the political role of knowledge as tool both of domination and struggle. So, according to his re-enacting, biological racism takes form in opposition to the idea of revolution to present the domination of a part of society as something founded in their dangerous nature.  Balibar assumes that after the decolonization a new racism has taken shape, in which the category of race has been replaced by that of immigration. According to the new racism, cultures can’t live in peace if they mix each other and the only antidote to racism is closing nation’s borders. In this regard, Balibar shows that the same creation of nation needs the division of society in races: racism appears so closely connected with nationalism but also with ideology of class, that presents differences of class as insuperable anthropological and moral differences.

  19. Descartes, Foucault, Derrida

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Thein, Karel

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 58, č. 2 (2010), s. 171-202 ISSN 0015-1831 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Derrida, Jacques * Foucault , Michel * Descartes, René * Descartes' Meditations * dreaming and madness Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  20. ESTRUTURALISTA, PÓS-ESTRUTURALISTA OU PÓS-MODERNO? APROPRIAÇÕES DO PENSAMENTO DE MICHEL FOUCAULT POR PESQUISADORES DA ÁREA DE ADMINISTRAÇÃO NO BRASIL

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    Alessandra de Sá Mello Costa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca identificar as aproximações e os afastamentos entre as abordagens estruturalistas, pós-estruturalistas e pós-modernistas por meio da investigação das categorizações epistemológicas do pensamento de Michel Foucault feitas por pesquisadores da área de administração no Brasil. Os procedimentos metodológicos de investigação foram divididos em dois momentos. Primeiro, foram pesquisados os artigos publicados nos últimos dez anos nos anais de dois dos mais representativos encontros científicos da academia de administração no Brasil: o Encontro Nacional da ANPAD (EnANPAD, encontro anual, e o Encontro de Estudos Organizacionais (EnEO, que ocorre de dois em dois anos. A pesquisa foi feita nos artigos que referenciavam Michel Foucault no título ou no escopo do resumo. No que diz respeito ao número de ocorrências encontradas, os resultados obtidos totalizaram 41 artigos. Em um segundo momento, após a identificação dos artigos, estes foram lidos e analisados de forma a identificar como Michel Foucault é categorizado por cada um dos pesquisadores em questão. Os resultados obtidos na pesquisa levam a crer que as questões epistemológicas ainda não fazem parte do corpo de preocupações de grande parte dos pesquisadores brasileiros na área de administração. Tal ausência apresenta-se, ao mesmo tempo, significativa e preocupante. Significativa, porque mostra que os pesquisadores brasileiros não estão preocupados com o contexto teórico de produção e disseminação das idéias, incorporando-as como verdades em suas pesquisas de forma descontextualizada e acrítica. E preocupante, uma vez que a luta por poder no campo das idéias não significa apenas um embate em torno dos melhores postos acadêmicos, posições institucionais e governamentais de financiamento ou um lugar de destaque nos comitês editoriais dos periódicos mais influentes. O perigo reside em uma dimensão complementar e inerente a essa

  1. Parrēsia ed exemplum. La parrēsia e i regimi aleturgici dell’exemplum a partire da L’ermeneutica del soggetto di Michel Foucault

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    Orazio Irrera

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Questo articolo cerca di esplorare il rapporto tra parrēsia ed exemplum negli ultimi Corsi al Collège de France di Michel Foucault. A partire da L’ermeneutica del soggetto, viene analizzato il campo semantico e pratico relativo alla direzione di coscienza stoica ed epicurea, in cui Foucault oppone la parrēsia all’adulazione e alla retorica per collocarla invece all’interno di un’importante serie di concetti: la paradosis (la trasmissione dei discorsi di verità, il kairos (il momento giusto, la circostanza opportuna e l’exemplum definito come «il cuore della parrēsia» poiché esso assicura l’adæquatio tra il soggetto di enunciazione e il soggetto di comportamento che si conforma alla verità espressa dal primo. Successivamente, viene posta l’attenzione sul legame tra parrēsia ed exemplum nell’ultimo Corso, Il coraggio della verità, per mettere in evidenza un’importante riconfigurazione all’interno della parrēsia cinica, in cui l’esempio appare come una categoria etica basata sulla permanenza e sull’identità a sé. Pertanto, esso si rivela inadeguato per questo regime aleturgico della parrēsia cinica, che invece consiste in un atteggiamento etico sperimentale, una mise à l’épreuve cui sottomettere la vita per arrivare a una trasformazione politica del mondo attraverso una continua e scandalosa provocazione degli altri, in grado di mettere in discussione la percezione di norme culturali e di abitudini consolidate.

  2. Who can resist Foucault?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleakley, Alan; Bligh, John

    2009-08-01

    Michel Foucault's analysis of "the birth of the clinic" describes the genesis of a unified discourse that, in retrospect, has shaped western medicine for two centuries. However, in looking prospectively toward a 21st century medicine, Foucault's analysis is necessary but not sufficient. To better critically address medicine and medical education in the era of simulation, we could draw on frameworks developed by futurists such as Jean Baudrillard. Foucault's analysis does not account for contemporary, complex developments of the clinical gaze as the gaze is distributed across practitioners in increasing use of sophisticated, representational diagnostic imaging. Further, Foucault's antihumanist rhetoric sometimes strays into the antihumane, and this is disturbing for those who support the development of patient-centered medicine. Yet we are increasingly teaching aspects of medicine, such as communication, in simulated learning environments in which complex reality is absent, perhaps inadvertently creating an "inhumanity" in medical education.

  3. Historia y crítica en la transformación ética de los sujetos. Michel Foucault, 1926–1984

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    Alberto Castrillón

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Como reconocimiento a los aportes de Foucault a la investigación histórica, este análisis relaciona historia y crítica con la comprensión del funcionamiento de la subjetividad moderna y contemporánea, con el fin de descifrar la forma como este autor revela las matrices de subjetivación que nos constituyen como sujetos modernos. La analítica de sus obras permite entender la coherencia de su objetivo al relacionar el trabajo histórico con la comprensión minuciosa del presente, y así ubicarse en una línea de trabajo establecida por Kant. Lo cual implica entender relaciones problemáticas, como las que establecemos entre su comprensión del mundo greco-romano y la búsqueda de formas históricas de vida que permitan construir posiciones de sujeto frente a las situaciones contemporáneas de los mundos neoliberales, orientadas a darle un sentido al discurso histórico asociándolo a la búsqueda de una fundamentación ética de la existencia.

  4. Ética y medicina en Michel Foucault: la dimensión humanística de la medicina a partir de una genealogía de la moral Ethics and medicine in Michel Foucault: the humanistic dimension of medicine derived from a genealogy of morality

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    Benjamim Gomes

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta una tesis doctoral leída en la Universidad de Salamanca y basada en los escritos de la última década de Foucault. Si escribiendo la Historia de la sexualidad su objetivo fue hacer una genealogía de la ética, analizándola, junto con los demás escritos suyos, mi objetivo es enseñar su última aportación a la historia de la medicina. Él parte de una concepción de poder sobre los demás hacia una concepción de poder sobre uno mismo, espacio exclusivo de la antigua moral griega. Como pensador que busca comprender los problemas de hoy yendo a sus raíces, más que historia Foucault hace filosofía de la historia. Considerado un antihumanista, él nos deja el retrato de una medicina absolutamente ético-humanística.The article presents the results of a doctoral dissertation defended at the Universidad de Salamanca, based on Foucault's final decade of writings. If Foucault's goal in writing The History of Sexuality was to fashion a genealogy of ethics, my goal in analyzing this book, along with his other writings, is to demonstrate his last contribution to the history of medicine. He moves from a conception of power over others towards a conception of power over oneself, an exclusive terrain of ancient Greek morality. As a thinker who tries to understand today's problems by going to their roots, Foucault develops less a history than a philosophy of history. Considered an anti-humanist, he leaves us with a portrait of a wholly ethical-humanistic medicine.

  5. Foucault and physiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholls, David A

    2012-08-01

    For nearly 40 years, researchers have been coming to terms with the impact of Michel Foucault's philosophical work. In fields as diverse as medical sociology, health policy, architecture, urban geography, history, and sport, scholars have made use of Foucault's notions of discourse, knowledge, truth, and power. With a few exceptions, however, Foucault's writings have yet to permeate physiotherapy. Foucault's ideas represent powerful, and highly useful analytical strategies for analyzing our past, present, and future, and his writings provide us with a set of conceptual, methodological, and philosophical approaches to help us unpack the cultural, historical, and social context in which we operate as a profession. In this paper, I attempt to introduce the reader to some of Foucault's radical ideas and show how these might be applied to physiotherapy practice. Drawing on Foucault's writings on the functions of discourse to illustrate how something as benign as a physiotherapist's treatment bed can be understood as something more than a piece of necessary medical technology, I show that by approaching seemingly obvious, everyday objects, practices, systems, and structures, we can learn much about physiotherapy's past, present, and future and apply this knowledge to think in new ways about the profession.

  6. Habermas and Foucault

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent

    2002-01-01

    Taken together, the works of Jürgen Habermas and Michel Foucault highlight an essential tension in modernity. This is the tension between the normative and the real, between what should be done and what is actually done. Understanding this tension is crucial to understanding modern democracy, what...... it is and what it could be. It has been argued that an effective way of making democracy stronger is to strengthen civil society. This article contains a comparative analysis of the central ideas of Habermas and Foucault as they pertain to the question of democracy and civil society. More specifically......, the discourse ethics of Habermas is contrasted with the power analytics and ethics of Foucault evaluating their usefulness for those interested in understanding, and bringing about, democratic social change...

  7. Michel Waldschmidt

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Michel Waldschmidt. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 13 Issue 5 May 2008 pp 440-455 General Article. Arithmetic and Cryptography · Michel Waldschmidt · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  8. Foucault e o marxismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelin Valeirão

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca (reapresentar o filósofo francês Paul-Michel Foucault, partindo do pressuposto de que o pensamento deste é, em boa parte, fruto de discussões e lutas teóricas com Karl Heinrich Marx e, principalmente, com o marxismo. Num primeiro momento, defendemos que Foucault fez uso das ideias de Marx, tendo-o como influência sobretudo durante a sua curta passagem pelo Partido Comunista. Num segundo momento, expomos alguns dos impasses com o marxismo e com o pensamento de diferentes pensadores e militantes, ditos marxistas. Por fim, parece-nos que Marx e Foucault não são filósofos para todas as estações. Embora seja sabido que o pensamento de ambos foi e é utilizado em longa escala, eles não servem para tudo! O pensamento de Foucault demonstra uma visão cristalina acerca da diferença existente entre a pessoa Marx e seu pensamento, o marxismo e os marxistas. Talvez daí venha o espanto de Foucault ao perceber que desde o início foi considerado um inimigo pelos marxistas.

  9. Recent translations of Foucault on mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracken, Pat; Khalfa, Jean; Thomas, Philip

    2007-11-01

    The work of the French philosopher and historian, Michel Foucault, often dealt with subjects either directly or indirectly related to psychiatry. In the past, his work has been largely ignored or rejected by mainstream psychiatry. In the period under review, two important English translations of Foucault's work on psychiatry have been published. Our review focuses on these books, and also looks at some of the recent secondary literature relating to Foucault and mental health. We argue that psychiatry has a lot to gain from a positive engagement with Foucault's ideas.

  10. Michel Goossens

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    Michel joined CERN early 1979. He started his career in the “Experimental Physics” Division "BCDMS (N4) Muon experiment" and later continued with software support to the GEM project with Emilio Pagiola. He joined the IT Department in 2005 and participated in the implementation of the digital version of PrintShop. Michel is one of the world experts in TeX and LaTex (programming languages ​​for text layout) and is the author of several books on the subject.   But at CERN, it is foremost through the Staff Association that we know Michel who successively served as Vice President, secretary and member of the Executive Committee, and since January 2011 and until December 2015, as President of the Staff Association. Do not forget that Michel has consistently been proactive with new proposals and is the initiator of social advances such as SLS (Saved Leaved Scheme) or PRP (Progressive Retirement Programme). At the end of his mandate, Michel expressed his pride fo...

  11. Planning and Foucault

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent; Richardson, Tim

    In this paper we argue that the use of the communicative theory of Jürgen Habermas in planning theory is problematic because it hampers an understanding of how power shapes planning. We posit an alternative approach based on the power analytics of Michel Foucault which focuses on "what is actually...... done", as opposed to Habermas`  focus on "what should be done". We discuss how the Foucauldian stance problematises planning, asking difficult questions about the treatment of legitimacy, rationality, knowledge and spatiality. We conclude that Foucault offers a type of analytic planning theory which...... offers better prospects than does Habermas for those interested in understanding and bringing about democratic social change through planning....

  12. Planning and Foucault

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flyvbjerg, Bent; Richardson, Tim

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we argue that the use of the communicative theory of Jürgen Habermas in planning theory is problematic because it hampers an understanding of how power shapes planning. We posit an alternative approach based on the power analytics of Michel Foucault which focuses on ?what is actually...... done?, as opposed to Habermas?s focus on ?what should be done?. We discuss how the Foucauldian stance problematises planning, asking difficult questions about the treatment of legitimacy, rationality, knowledge and spatiality. We conclude that Foucault offers a type of analytic planning theory which...... offers better prospects than does Habermas for those interested in understanding and bringing about democratic social change through planning....

  13. [Plato psychiatrist, Foucault platonic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathov, Nicolás

    2016-05-01

    This work explores the links between the concepts of "soul", "law" and "word" in Plato's work, in order to highlight the importance and the centrality of the philosophical-therapeutic dimension in the Greek philosopher's thought. In that way, this work pretends to show that "contemporary" problems usually discussed within "Human Sciences" in general, and Psychiatry in particular, should confront their knowledge with Plato's work, mainly due to the profound influence his ideas have had in our Greco-Christian culture. In that sense, and with that objective, this work also explores Michel Foucault's lucid and controversial interpretation of Plato.

  14. Education and/or Displacement? A Pedagogical Inquiry into Foucault's "Limit-Experience"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Christiane

    2010-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the educational-philosophical implications of Michel Foucault's work: It poses the question whether Michel Foucault's remarks surrounding "limit-experience" can be placed in an educational context and provide an alternative view regarding the relationship that we maintain to ourselves. As a first step, the significance…

  15. Analitiese konsepte in middel-Foucault | Beukes | HTS Teologiese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Analytic concepts in middle Foucault. This article investigates prominent analytic concepts in the philosophical historiographies of Michel Foucault (1926–1984), with specific regards to the work done in the middle phase of his career. These concepts accentuate the relation between history, power and contingency within the ...

  16. Transgression or Stasis? Challenging Foucault in LIS Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buschman, John

    2007-01-01

    Michel Foucault (1926-84) is a primary thinker informing the construction of a critical theory of library and information science (LIS), or librarianship. He is widely cited and is adapted in various ways that focus on LIS forms of power, discourse, and so on. Others have addressed Foucault's topics, but he remains central. Librarianship has taken…

  17. Clausewitz and Foucault: War and power | Deacon | Scientia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Carl von Clausewitz's On War has influenced theorists across a wide range of disciplines, and one such was the late French philosopher and historian, Michel Foucault. This paper considers what at first sight appears to be Foucault's reversal of Clausewitz, but which on closer examination can be seen to be an accordance ...

  18. Music critic Gustav Michel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasić Aleksandar N.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The writers whose real vocation was not music left significant traces in the history of Serbian music critics and essayism of the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century. Numerous authors, literary historians theoreticians and critics, jurists and theatre historians, wrote successfully on music in Serbian daily newspapers, literary and other magazines, until the Second World War. This study is devoted to Gustav Michel (1868 - 1926, one of the music amateurs who ought to be remembered in the history of Serbian music critics. Gustav Michel was a pharmacist by vocation. He ran a private pharmacy in Belgrade all his life. But he was a musician as well. He played the viola in the second (in chronological order of foundation Serbian String Quartet. The ensemble mostly consisted of amateurs, and it performed standard pieces of chamber music (W. A. Mozart L. v. Beethoven, F. Schubert, F. Mendelsohn-Bartholdy, A. Dvořžak. These musicians had performed public concerts in Belgrade since 1900 up until Michel’s death. Belgrade music critics prised the performances of this string ensemble highly. Gustav Michel was also a music critic. Until now only seven articles, published by this author between 1894 and 1903, in Order (Red, Folk Newspaper (Narodne novine and Serbian Literary Magazine (Srpski književni glasnik have been found. Michel’s preserved articles unambiguously prove that their author had a solid knowledge of music theory and history, the knowledge that exceeded amateurism. Nevertheless, Michel did not burden his first critics with expert language of musicology. Later on, in Serbian Literary Magazine, the magazine which left enough room for music, Michel penetrated more into musical terminology, thus educating slowly forming Serbian concert-going public. The analysis of Michel’s texts showed that he was not, in contrast to the majority of professional music critics, an opponent of virtuosity. Gentle and liberal, he did not

  19. THE LIMITS OF FOUCAULT IN THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF THE LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Nunes Pereira

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The study hereby proposed evidences problematic issues on the thought of Michel Foucault, especially regarding the Law Theory. The arguments deployed reverberate the discussion held between Foucault and Habermas. At first, the paper seeks to highlight aporiae and hypostasis of Foucault's thought tensioned on the problems hereby shown. After the paper denounces flirtations of Foucault's work with the irrationalism and the problems of this intellectual attitude towards the neo-Kantian and Hegelian civilizational demands. Finally, the paper retains to an eventual filiation of Michel Foucault to Post-Modernity and the consequences of this for the legal thought.

  20. Foucault, Counselling and the Aesthetics of Existence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2005-01-01

    Michel Foucault was drawn late in life to study the "arts of the self" in Greco-Roman culture as a basis, following Nietzsche, for what he called an "aesthetics of existence." By this, he meant a set of creative and experimental processes and techniques by which an individual turns him- or herself into a work of art. For Nietzsche, it was above…

  1. O estatuto da medicalização e as interpretações de Ivan Illich e Michel Foucault como ferramentas conceituais para o estudo da desmedicalização

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Gaudenzi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Analisa-se o termo medicalização nos estudos de Illich e Foucault, com vistas a oferecer ferramentas conceituais para o estudo dos movimentos contestatórios à medicalização. Illich aborda a hipertrofia da medicalização na modernidade, ressaltando o efeito de redução da autonomia dos sujeitos, sobretudo pelo fato de as instituições médicas assumirem a responsabilidade de cuidar da dor, transformando seu significado íntimo e pessoal em um problema técnico. Foucault aborda a medicalização a partir da noção de biopoder, e, quando trabalha a noção de governamentalidade, abre espaço para a análise das formas de resistência dos indivíduos ao exercício do poder. Ambos os trabalhos, que têm como preocupação propor formas de exercício da liberdade - apesar de Foucault o fazer de forma mais detalhada e diversificada - parecem apropriados para se pensar o processo atual de desmedicalização ou recusa do diagnóstico médico por parte de seus portadores ou familiares.

  2. Foucault's Three Ways of Decentering the State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Kaspar

    no interior” (Foucault, 2008: 90). In the stream of scholarship inspired by Foucault it has become an interpretative orthodoxy that the state should be viewed as decentered, without a unifying center, resting upon networks of mobile power relations. In this way, political decision making is delocalized......It is well known that Michel Foucault challenged the centrality of the state, advancing a view of the state as ‘decentered’. He said: “The state has no heart, as we well know, but not just in the sense that it has no feelings, either good or bad, but it has no heart in the sense that it has......, and sovereignty is dissolved in dispersed and mundane practices. Here, I wish to examine the three routes by which Foucault during the 1970s reached his renowned ‘decentered’ approach to the state. These routes never arrived at any ultimate conception of the state, since they were experimental explorations...

  3. Foucault's Flirt? Neoliberalism, the Left and the Welfare State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Magnus Paulsen

    2015-01-01

    An essay on the review of works interpreting the lectures of Michel Foucault on neoliberalism is presented. It offers a history of neoliberalism as a way to reinvent the left and examines the way Foucault betrayed the left while resisting to be connected with a normative political programme...... or principle for a neoliberal stance. The author relates the risks in neoliberal thought for losing what is specific in definitive statements and the loss of neoliberal thought coherence within a reality....

  4. In Conversation with Mark Olssen: On Foucault with Marx and Hegel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raaper, Rille; Olssen, Mark

    2017-01-01

    It is challenging to define who Michel Foucault was, whether he was a theorist, a philosopher, a historian, or a critic. In many of his books, and essays, Foucault denied being a philosopher or a theorist, nor did he want to be called a writer or a prophet. He described himself as an experimenter by saying that his work simply consists of…

  5. Einstein wrote back my life in physics

    CERN Document Server

    Moffat, John W

    2012-01-01

    John W. Moffat was a poor student of math and science. That is, until he read Einstein's famous paper on general relativity. Realizing instantly that he had an unusual and unexplained aptitude for understanding the complex physics described in the paper, Moffat wrote a letter to Einstein that would change the course of his life. Einstein Wrote Back tells the story of Moffat's unusual entry into the world of academia and documents his career at the frontlines of twentieth-century physics as he worked and associated with some of the greatest minds in scientific history, including Niels Bohr,

  6. Rezension : Wissen um den Wahn. Foucaults Geschichte der Psychiatrie ; zu "Foucaults Geschichte der Psychiatrie"

    OpenAIRE

    Krause, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Aus dem umfangreichen Werk des französischen Philosophen und Sozialhistorikers Michel Foucault (1926-1984) ist ein weiteres Buch auf Deutsch erschienen. Der Band „Die Macht der Psychiatrie" geht auf eine Reihe von Vorlesungen zurück, die Foucault im Wintersemester '73/'74 am Collège de France gehalten hat. Die in Frankreich bereits im Jahr 2003 veröffentlichten 12 Vorlesungen sind der Geschichte der Psychiatrie gewidmet und konzentrieren sich vor allem auf ihre Frühphase. Wesentlich gestützt ...

  7. De late Foucault : vrijheid als zorg voor jezelf

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coeckelbergh, Mark

    2008-01-01

    Michel Foucault (1926-1984) was een van de meest populaire filosofen in de jaren zeventig en tachtig van de vorige eeuw. En ook nu nog inspireert hij velen. Waarom eigenlijk? Zijn het zijn boeken over waanzin en ziekte, gevangenis en seks? Is het zijn voor een academicus opmerkelijk spannende leven

  8. Beyond Intimaphobia: Object Lessons from Foucault and Sade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greteman, Adam Joseph

    2014-01-01

    In this study I suggest ways of thinking through issues of intimacy that have emerged in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries in the USA. I propose a state of intimaphobia in education. However, I move beyond exposing this state of intimaphobia to offer particular readings of two philosophers of intimacy: Michel Foucault and the…

  9. Putting Foucault to Work: Understanding Power in a Rural School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freie, Carrie; Eppley, Karen

    2014-01-01

    This case study uses the work of Michel Foucault to challenge the normalization of the principal's role and to examine the complex power relations of a rural school and community in the midst of a closure/consolidation and subsequent reopening as a charter school. In so doing, we move beyond analysis of best practices and toward a more theoretical…

  10. Foucault at School: Discipline, Education and Agency in "Harry Potter"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolosky, Shira

    2014-01-01

    The formative power of children's literature is both great and suspicious. As a resource of socialization, the construction and experience of children's literature can be seen as modes of disciplinary coercion such as Michel Foucault has anatomized. "Harry Potter", as a "craze" phenomenon, has attracted particular…

  11. Michel Foucault’s ‘Apology’ for Neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dean, Mitchell

    2014-01-01

    Lecture delivered at the British Library on the 30th anniversary of the death of Michel Foucault, June 25, 2014. This lecture evaluates the claim made by one of his closest followers, François Ewald, that Foucault offered an apology for neoliberalism, particularly of the American school represented......-democratic take-up of neoliberal thought. It indicates three limitations of his thought: the problem of state ‘veridiction’; the question of inequality; and the concept of the economy. It also indicates how these might be addressed within a general appreciation of his thought....

  12. Krytyka nowoczesnych stosunków społecznych jako podstawa ponowoczesnej sztuki życia – egzystencjalny wymiar dzieła Michela Foucault [The Critique of Modern Social Relations as the Foundation of the Postmodern Art of Life – the Existential Dimension of the Work of Michel Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Lipowicz

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present article is to reveal the essential connection of MichelFoucault’s critical attitude regarding social relationships with the formation of thepostmodern ethos of making out of the human life an artwork. It will be shown thatthe main object of Foucault’s critique are the relations of power and knowledge inthe Christian priesthood and their modern transformation in nonreligious institutions.From this point of view, mainly based on the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche,the Christian ethics occur to be an accumulation of techniques of disciplinizationand normalization. This attitude towards Christianity and modernity leads to thepostmodern ethos of making out of life an artwork. This notion is mainly based onthe antique Greek and Roman philosophy, where instead of obeying to universalethical principles the human being struggled to be his own master. Therefore thepostmodern existence tries to be beyond all traditional boundaries, which resultsin the danger of neglecting the historical fact, that Christianity was and still is animportant institution of the Western Civilization.

  13. A genealogia em Foucault: uma trajetoria The genealogy in Foucault: a trajectory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia Cristina Silveira Lemos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem o objetivo de realizar uma trajetória da genealogia enquanto modo de escrever a história como pergunta/problema, de acordo com Michel Foucault, rompendo com uma história contínua, linear, teleológica, que buscava origens e semelhanças entre os objetos e as tentativas de estabelecer relações causais entre os acontecimentos. Uma história das práticas discursivas, de poder e subjetivação era a empreitada proposta por Foucault. A análise da proveniência e da emergência rompia com toda uma tradição historiográfica que fazia dos eventos memória e monumentos construídos e interpretados por categorias de semelhança. Foucault questiona este modelo de fazer história, trabalhando com novos temas e problemas e operando com a multiplicidade de acontecimentos dispersos, raros, heterogêneos, em recortes de séries de enunciados em arquivos, sem busca de origens primeiras e sem fins utilitaristas a alcançar.This article aims to achieve a path of genealogy as a way to write history as question / problem, according to Michel Foucault, breaking with a continuous, linear, teleological history, which sought origins and similarities between objects and attempts to establish causal relationships between the events. A history of discursive practices, power and subjectivity was the contract proposed by Foucault. The analysis of the source and emergency broke with a whole historiographical tradition which made the events memory and monuments constructed and interpreted by categories of similarity. Foucault questions this model to make history, working with new issues and problems and working with the multiplicity of scattered, rare, heterogeneous events, in clippings of series of statements in files, without searching for early origins and without utilitarian goals to be achieved.

  14. Developing Foucault's Discourse Analytic Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rainer Diaz-Bone

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A methodological position for a FOUCAULTian discourse analysis is presented. A sequence of analytical steps is introduced and an illustrating example is offered. It is emphasized that discourse analysis has to discover the system-level of discursive rules and the deeper structure of the discursive formation. Otherwise the analysis will be unfinished. Michel FOUCAULTs work is theoretically grounded in French structuralism and (the so called post-structuralism. In this paper, post-structuralism is not conceived as a means for overcoming of structuralism, but as a way of critically continuing the structural perspective. In this way, discursive structures can be related to discursive practices and the concept of structure can be disclosed (e. g. to inter-discourse or DERRIDAs concept of structurality. In this way, the structural methodology is continued and radicalized, but not given up. In this paper, FOUCAULTs theory is combined with the works of Michel PÊCHEUX and (especially for the sociology of knowledge and the sociology of culture Pierre BOURDIEU. The practice of discourse analysis is theoretically grounded. This practice can be conceived as a reflexive coupling of deconstruction and reconstruction in the material to be analyzed. This methodology therefore can be characterized as a reconstructive qualitative methodology. At the end of the article, forms of discourse analysis are criticized that do not intend to recover the system level of discursive rules and that do not intend to discover the deeper structure of the discursive formation (i. e. episteme, socio-episteme. These forms merely are commentaries of discourses (not their analyses, they remain phenomenological and are therefore: pre-structuralist. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs060168

  15. Michel Foucault and the Forces of Civil Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Kaspar

    2016-01-01

    , presenting civil society as a ‘reality that does not exist’ but still has real effects. This new reality holds contradictory potentials. When articulated by political eschatology, civil society supports prophecies of the end of politics in a final accord where contradictions dissolve and the community...... absorbs the state. Neoliberal notions of civil society promise, on Foucault’s account, a more open-ended milieu of subject formation....

  16. HISTORIES OF INFAMY: FROM BORGES TO FOUCAULT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelvin Falcão Klein

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the writings of Michel Foucault, Giorgio Agamben and Jorge Luis Borges, especially those dedicated to the theme of infamy, this essay investigates the course of this significant, infamy, both in criticism and in fiction, focusing especially on the political connotations of the term . The hypothesis is that the infamy appears in the texts as a vantage point for the observation of cracks in the building of contemporary cultural archive, as it undermines the possibility of a triumphalist discourse of history. In the instance of infamy history is always plural.

  17. Foucault's notion of problematization: a methodological discussion of the application of Foucault's later work to nursing research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frederiksen, Kirsten; Lomborg, Kirsten; Beedholm, Kirsten

    2015-09-01

    This study takes its point of departure in an oft-voiced critique that the French philosopher Michel Foucault gives discourse priority over practice, thereby being deterministic and leaving little space for the individual to act as an agent. Based on an interpretation of the latter part of Foucault's oeuvre, we argue against this critique and provide a methodological discussion of the perception that Foucault's method constitutes, primarily, discourse analysis. We argue that it is possible to overcome this critique of Foucault's work by the application of methodological tools adapted from Foucault's later writings and his diagnosis of his own work as studies of forms of problematization. To shed light on the possibilities that this approach offers to the researcher, we present a reading of aspects of Foucault's work, with a focus on his notion of forms of problematization. Furthermore, we elaborate on concepts from his so-called genealogical period, namely 'the dispositive', strategy and tactics. Our interpretation is supported by examples from a study of the emergence of Danish nursing education, which is based on an analytical framework that we developed in the light of an interpretation of aspects of Foucault's work. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Interpretar? Deslocar, multiplicar (Nietzsche, Foucault e o sentido em Deleuze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annita Costa Malufe

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discorre acerca das mudanças no conceito de sentido efetuadas por alguns pensamentos filosóficos que se deram na esteira da revolução operada por Friedrich Nietzsche; enfocaremos aqui sobretudo as filosofias de Michel Foucault e Gilles Deleuze, a partir da ideia, proposta por Foucault, de uma “hermenêutica moderna”. O objetivo é destacar a problematização do ato de interpretar, tendo no horizonte os deslocamentos que essas novas posturas diante do sentido acarretam para a leitura crítica do texto literário no contemporâneo.

  19. Brazilian prison gangs in the light of Foucault and Goffman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Araújo Alves dos Santos

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Within the approaches to public safety, and beyond it, about the issue of incarceration, Michel Foucault and Erving Goffman are references that usually are part of the dialogue. This article is an attempt to illustrate, through the concepts of total institution and disciplinary society, as certain theories should not be used in ‘pure’ way to evoke and denote aspects of a complex reality. For this initiative, the Brazilian reality is used as a starting point to understand the institutional dynamics of prisons, revealing the existence of emerging systems, not necessarily commune with the points made by Foucault (1999 and Goffman (2001.

  20. A testimony to Muzil: Hervé Guibert, Foucault, and the medical gaze.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rendell, Joanne

    2004-01-01

    Testimony to Muzil: Hervé Guibert, Michel Foucault, and the "Medical Gaze" examines the fictional/autobiographical AIDS writings of the French writer Hervé Guibert. Locating Guibert's writings alongside the work of his friend Michel Foucault, the article explores how they echo Foucault's evolving notions of the "medical gaze." The article also explores how Guilbert's narrators and Guibert himself (as writer) resist and challenge the medical gaze; a gaze which particularly in the era of AIDS has subjected, objectified, and even sometimes punished the body of the gay man. It is argued that these resistances to the gaze offer a literary extension to Foucault's later work on power and resistance strategies.

  1. Max Weber and Robert Michels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scaff, Lawrence A.

    1981-01-01

    This paper investigates the unique intellectual partnership of Max Weber and Robert Michels, with particular emphasis on Weber's influence on Michel's inquiry into the sociology of parties and organization. Concludes with an evaluation of the import of Weber's critique of Michels' work. (DB)

  2. Foucault and Habermas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albinus, Lars

    2009-01-01

    Bidraget fremstiller henholdsvis Habermas' og Foucault's opfattelse af rationalitet og magt m.h.p. overvejelser over religionens betydning i moderniteten.......Bidraget fremstiller henholdsvis Habermas' og Foucault's opfattelse af rationalitet og magt m.h.p. overvejelser over religionens betydning i moderniteten....

  3. [Foucault, Derrida, and the history of madness: notes on a controversy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira Neto, A F

    1998-01-01

    The publication of the book Folie et Déraison. Histoire de la Folie à l'Age Classique (1961), by Michel Foucault, sparked a debate between the author and philosopher Jacques Derrida during the 1960s and 70s. Derrida criticized the methodological proposal and organization of the History of Madness presented by Foucault in the foreword to the first edition. The controversy appears to have motivated the author to withdraw this same foreword from the second edition. The purpose of this article is to analyze some current points in this controversy. It also presents a research agenda for an understanding of the reasons leading Foucault to take this stance.

  4. The Kantian Sleep: On the Limits of the “Foucault Effect”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Luisetti

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the connection, established by Michel Foucault in The Order of Things, between the appearance of "man" as an anthropological presupposition of scientific and philosophical discourses, and the construction of a transcendental dispositif of thought. In accordance with this presupposition, the notion of life is conceived by Foucault as a by-product of Kantian modernity and inscribed within a Heideggerian ontotheology. By stressing the vitalist alternatives to this paradigm, the essay questions the hegemony of Western transcendentalism and proposes a naturalistic reorientation of Foucault's intellectual project.

  5. Foucault: A Heretic?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Revel

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Moving from the analogy with Spinoza, the essay defines the figure and the work of Foucault as a unique and particular event and as the effect of some specific historical and intellectual processes. The heresy of Foucault is thus unexpectedly preceded by George Lukács' History and Class Consciousness, while at the same time it must be linked with the philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty: in both cases there are at stake an “open” history and a dialectics without a possible synthesis. These same elements return in the way Foucault shows the radical historicity of political subjects and of power itself. This story, which is dispelled in the multiplicity of its processes and events, becomes a space for Foucault's political ontology and allows defining him a political philosopher of history.

  6. The formation of ‘policy truths’: Foucault and social policy discourse

    OpenAIRE

    Pickerden, Alex; Evans, Donna; Piggott, David

    2015-01-01

    Discuss current approaches to policy analysis Illustrate an alternative method for policy analysis influenced by the theoretical concepts of Michel Foucault Briefly analyse current research which has focused upon education policy and education reform in the United Kingdom (UK) Introduce the concept of ‘policy truths’ and explain how this idea can aid in the critique of neoliberal policies and neoliberal governmentality

  7. (Re)Considering Foucault for Science Education Research: Considerations of Truth, Power and Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzul, Jesse; Carter, Lyn

    2017-01-01

    This article is a response to Anna Danielsonn, Maria Berge, and Malena Lidar's paper, "Knowledge and power in the technology classroom: a framework for studying teachers and students in action," and an appeal to science educators of all epistemological orientations to (re)consider the work of Michel Foucault for research in science…

  8. Foucault and the Architecture of Surveillance: Creating Regimes of Power in Schools, Shrines, and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piro, Joseph M.

    2008-01-01

    Michel Foucault's critical studies concerning regimes of power are of special interest when applied to architecture. In particular, he warned of the hazards of building surveillance into architectural structures for the purpose of monitoring people and took as his historical exemplar English philosopher Jeremy Bentham's "Panopticon," a structure…

  9. Foucault reads Marx. Marx reads Foucault.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Kozłowski

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Important element which funds the base of Foucaultian social science is his thesis on the locality of power, on its material and corporeal characteristics. We are discussing here his very relationship with capitalism, and, indirectly, with Marx himself. Foucault claims, that power has no center and it is not commanded from any kind of headquarter. That has enormous epistemic, as well as political consequences. Foucault stays suspicious to systemic thinking, if we consider system following Hegel, that is, both a point of departure and a point of arrival of research. His controversy with Marxism has many levels, but one of the most important refers to the issue of power: system of power does not have its center, which according to Marxists lays in the political economy, and it has no dualistic character, that is structure and superstructure.

  10. Errant life, molecular biology, and biopower: Canguilhem, Jacob, and Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talcott, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the theoretical circumstances that urged Michel Foucault to analyse modern societies in terms of biopower. Georges Canguilhem's account of the relations between science and the living forms an essential starting point for Foucault's own later explorations, though the challenges posed by the molecular revolution in biology and François Jacob's history of it allowed Foucault to extend and transform Canguilhem's philosophy of error. Using archival research into his 1955-1956 course on "Science and Error," I show that, for Canguilhem, it is inauthentic to treat a living being as an error, even if living things are capable of making errors in the domain of knowledge. The emergent molecular biology in the 1960s posed a grave challenge, however, since it suggested that individuals could indeed be errors of genetic reproduction. The paper discusses how Canguilhem and Foucault each responded to this by examining, among other texts, their respective reviews of Jacob's The Logic of the Living. For Canguilhem this was an opportunity to reaffirm the creativity of life in the living individual, which is not a thing to be evaluated, but the source of values. For Foucault, drawing on Jacob's work, this was the opportunity to develop a transformed account of valuation by posing biopower as the DNA of society. Despite their disagreements, the paper examines these three authors as different iterations of a historical epistemology attuned to errancy, error, and experimentation.

  11. Foucault Pendulum without Driving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, Yoshifumi

    2016-06-01

    Foucault pendulums are two-dimensional harmonic oscillators to which the Coriolis force is applied. The Foucault parameter ΩF is the ideal rate of rotation of the plane of oscillation due to the Coriolis force. Kamerlingh Onnes pointed out that the actual behavior of Foucault pendulums can be understood only by taking into account the unavoidable mechanical asymmetry, i.e., the difference between the frequency in the X-direction and that in the Y-direction, which is called the asymmetry parameter δ. Our equations of motion for Foucault pendulums are linear and their solutions are easily obtained. We are interested in slowly varying rotations of the plane of oscillation, where the angle of rotation is denoted by φ. The motion of the bob consists of rapid simple oscillations and the slow rotations mentioned above. Eliminating the rapid oscillations, we obtain an analytic expression for tan 2φ, which is a periodic function with period π /√{Ω F2 + δ 2} . The graphs of the rotation φ versus time t have two distinct appearances. Under the condition ΩF ≥ δ|cos(2θ)| (θ is the initial value of φ), φ decreases monotonically, which is the behavior expected for Foucault pendulums. Otherwise φ repeatedly increases and decreases, which is the behavior of pendulums describing Lissajous figures. The vertical component of angular momentum is also calculated analytically.

  12. Michel Trottier-McDonald

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. Michel Trottier-McDonald. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 79 Issue 5 November 2012 pp 1337-1340 Poster Presentations. Tau reconstruction, energy calibration and identification at ATLAS · Michel Trottier-McDonald on behalf of the ATLAS ...

  13. Foucault: the imaginary sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Queiroz, J M

    1993-01-01

    Foucault has haphazardly written many things about contemporary homosexuality (we have only two short interesting interviews on the subject). But La Volonté de Savoir develops a new idea about the modern sexuality inclination; Surveiller et Punir is a real political economy of the human body; and Foucault's last two books on antiquity give us a new point of view as regards the relations of subject to desire. This combined analysis constitutes a coherent structure of proposals that helps to enlighten crucial matters relevant to the gay community, particularly when it deals with what sexual "freedom and sexual identity mean. The answers outlined by Foucault yield two questions and two meanings as regards homosexuality nowadays, which cannot be kept apart from experience, and without any need of theoretical dissociation, if we are to understand the problem better.

  14. Interrogating discourse: the application of Foucault's methodological discussion to specific inquiry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadyl, Joanna K; Nicholls, David A; McPherson, Kathryn M

    2013-09-01

    Discourse analysis following the work of Michel Foucault has become a valuable methodology in the critical analysis of a broad range of topics relating to health. However, it can be a daunting task, in that there seems to be both a huge number of possible approaches to carrying out this type of project, and an abundance of different, often conflicting, opinions about what counts as 'Foucauldian'. This article takes the position that methodological design should be informed by ongoing discussion and applied as appropriate to a particular area of inquiry. The discussion given offers an interpretation and application of Foucault's methodological principles, integrating a reading of Foucault with applications of his work by other authors, showing how this is then applied to interrogate the practice of vocational rehabilitation. It is intended as a contribution to methodological discussion in this area, offering an interpretation of various methodological elements described by Foucault, alongside specific application of these aspects.

  15. Two Silent Brothers. Althusser and Foucault at the Crossroads of Ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Melegari

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to reinterpret the relationship between Louis Althusser and Michel Foucault on the specific ground of the notion of "Ideology." If Foucault's critique addresses initially the alleged opposition between ideological discourse and scientific discourse, this does not seem to fade in the seventies, despite the convergence of Foucault's "microphysics of power"with Althusser's insistence on the "material" character of ideology. To explain the persistence of this comparison and of this tension the author shows how with it are involved highly problematic knots for the whole Foucault's thought: the status of representation and truth, the inner existence and temporality of capitalism and, in particular, the relationship between criticism and politics.

  16. Foucault educador: uma arte da escrita e um modelo de autoformação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubert Vincent

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A preocupação em homenagear Michel Foucault, tanto sua pessoa quanto sua obra, pode enveredar por inúmeras vias. Eu, aqui, me ative a duas. A primeira concerne ao próprio estilo de Foucault, mais especificamente seu estilo de exposição. Foucault me parece ter, especialmente em seus cursos no Collège de France, uma escrita ou estilo de exposição muito generoso. Procurei apreender essa generosidade e seus traços constitutivos. A segunda via concerne a um problema ou uma noção: a autoformação ou a prática da autoformação. Sobre ela, as análises efetuadas por Foucault acerca de certas técnicas de leitura e escrita herdadas da filosofia helenística podem, me parece, lançar uma luz original.

  17. FOUCAULT, Michel. A ordem do discurso: aula inaugural no Collège de France, pronunciada em 2 de dezembro de 1970. Tradução de Laura Fraga de Almeida Sampaio. São Paulo: Edições Loyola, 2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Taniguchi Piretti Brandão

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente livro é um fascículo onde Foucault adota um tom de conferência, relatando suas reflexões e pesquisas acerca das diversas abordagens possíveis do discurso e de como ele se dissemina em diferentes sociedades. O autor demonstra, dentre outras coisas, como o discurso exerce uma função de controle, de limitação e validação das regras de poder em diferentes períodos históricos e grupos sociais.

  18. Presidents' words - Michel Goossens

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    Michel Goossens Already at the beginning of 1955, just a few months after the creation of CERN, the members of the Organization's staff who then numbered less than 200, realized that they had to organize themselves into a corporate body to ensure a formal representation with Management and Member States. The Staff Association was born. As the 27th President of the Staff Association since its inception 60 years ago my task is highly interesting and rewarding, with plenty of responsibility, yet not always simple. Indeed, chosen by one’s peers as primus inter pares, the president is like the conductor of an orchestra, who must first convince his musicians to study the score together, before playing it in harmony. Of course, in my position I can rely on the solid foundations laid by my 26 predecessors, as well as the enthusiasm, loyalty, continuous efforts and perseverance of a core of dedicated collaborators, the elected delegates to the Staff Council. The strength of the Staff Associati...

  19. Baudrillard vs. Foucault: revolving conceptions of power in foucaultian writings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel de Oliveira Gomes

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at investigating, specifically, the critical fixation of author Jean Baudrillard against the idea of power as defended by Michel Foucault. The later – an exponent author from post-structuralism, often studied both by Literature and Law specialists – explored the concept of “micro-physical power”, which sees that all the legal or political discourses could not handle any longer all the possible practices of power acted upon the social subjects, broadening the concept of power in several publications and putting it in the dimension of a new approach. Baudrillard, on the other hand, considers power as a doomed value that is to disappear due to the volatility of politics. We tried to analyze the ideas in the discourse of Baudrillard in the book in which he debated with the ideas of Foucault, Oublier Foucault, in which there was an attempt of dismantling the literature by Foucault about power, explaining this literature as, itself, a spiral generator of power.

  20. A Paradox of Freedom in "Becoming Oneself through Learning": Foucault's Response to His Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stickney, Jeff

    2013-01-01

    In his later lectures, published as "The Hermeneutics of the Subject," Michel Foucault surveys different modalities of obtaining "truth" about one's self and the world: from Socrates to the Cynics, Stoics, Epicureans and early church writers. Genealogically tracing this opposition between knowing "self and…

  1. Social Exclusion/Inclusion: Foucault's Analytics of Exclusion, the Political Ecology of Social Inclusion and the Legitimation of Inclusive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.; Besley, Tina A. C.

    2014-01-01

    This article offers a broad philosophical and historical background to the dyad of social exclusion/inclusion by examining the analytics and politics of exclusion first by reference to Michel Foucault who studies the modern history of exclusion and makes it central to his approach in understanding the development of modern institutions of emerging…

  2. Genealogy and the Consecration of the Biopolitics Term. Interchanges Between Esposito, Arendt and Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lara Emanuele da Luz

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The present article intends, on the one hand, to study the genealogy of the term biopolitics, passing through the term bíos. To support this reflection, the first part of the book by Roberto Esposito, Bíos, will be used. The term biopolitics undergoes a mutation since its first use in 1905. On the other hand, based on the data presented in the first part of the chapter, an analysis of the consecration of the term made by Michel Foucault will be made. In the course of the article, besides Foucault and Esposito, a connection will be made to the Arendtian work

  3. COMO NÃO LER FOUCAULT E DELEUZE? OU: PARA LER FOUCAULT E DELEUZE POLITICAMENTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Nunes

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute como interpretar a dimensão política da obra de Michel Foucault e Gilles Deleuze (com ou sem seu parceiro de escritura Félix Guattari, contrapondo-se a tendências e clichês interpretativos que são comuns tanto a alguns críticos quanto a alguns partidários destes autores. Em particular, questiona a ideia de que, para ambos, haveria uma relação de exclusividade mútua entre “micro” e “macropolítica”, tema que desenvolve em direções conexas – no tocante, por exemplo, a forma como ética e política se articulam no pensamento dos dois.

  4. Twin-Foucault imaging method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harada, Ken

    2012-02-01

    A method of Lorentz electron microscopy, which enables observation two Foucault images simultaneously by using an electron biprism instead of an objective aperture, was developed. The electron biprism is installed between two electron beams deflected by 180° magnetic domains. Potential applied to the biprism deflects the two electron beams further, and two Foucault images with reversed contrast are then obtained in one visual field. The twin Foucault images are able to extract the magnetic domain structures and to reconstruct an ordinary electron micrograph. The developed Foucault method was demonstrated with a 180° domain structure of manganite La0.825Sr0.175MnO3.

  5. Foucault, Derrida e a História da Loucura: notas sobre uma polêmica Foucault, Derrida, and the history of madness: notes on a controversy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André de Faria Pereira Neto

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available A publicação do livro Folie et Déraison. Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique (1961, de Michel Foucault, promoveu um debate entre o autor e o filósofo Jacques Derrida, durante os anos 60/70. Derrida criticou a proposta metodológica e a organização da História da Loucura, apresentadas por Foucault, no prefácio da primeira edição. Essa polêmica parece ter motivado o autor a retirar, da segunda edição, o prefácio que abria a primeira versão do livro. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar alguns pontos presentes nesta controvérsia. Além disso, ele apresenta uma agenda de pesquisa para o entendimento das razões que levaram Foucault a tomar tal atitude.The publication of the book Folie et Déraison. Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique (1961, by Michel Foucault, sparked a debate between the author and philosopher Jacques Derrida during the 1960s and 70s. Derrida criticized the methodological proposal and organization of the History of Madness presented by Foucault in the foreword to the first edition. The controversy appears to have motivated the author to withdraw this same foreword from the second edition. The purpose of this article is to analyze some current points in this controversy. It also presents a research agenda for an understanding of the reasons leading Foucault to take this stance.

  6. Measuring the Michel parameter ξ''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowles, P.; Deutsch, J.; Egger, J.; Fetscher, W.; Foroughi, F.; Govaerts, J.; Hadri, M.; Kirch, K.; Kistryn, S.; Lang, J.; Morelle, X.; Naviliat, O.; Ninane, A.; Prieels, R.; Severijns, N.; Simons, L.; Sromicki, J.; Vandormael, S.; Hove, P. van

    1999-01-01

    Unlike the majority of Michel parameters which are consistent with the Standard Model V-A interaction, the experimental value of ξ''(=0.65±0.36) [1] is poorly known. Our experiment will measure the longitudinal polarization, P L , of positrons emitted from the decay of polarized muons. The value of P L , equal to unity in the Standard Model, will decrease for high energy positrons emitted antiparallel to the muon spin if the combination of Michel parameters ξ''/ξξ' - 1 deviates from the Standard Model value of zero

  7. School Foucault pendulum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lacsny, Boris; Štubna, Igor; Teleki, Aba

    2014-01-01

    A Foucault pendulum was assembled for a university/high-school physics course. The pendulum is 2.85 m long and the mass of the bob is 4.70 kg. A new technique based on the spark burned points on a sheet of paper was used to register the pendulum’s motion. A Ruhmkorff induction coil was used as a high-voltage source. Plots of the elliptical trajectories (except the first trajectory, which is a straight line) can be created and the angles between the major axes of the ellipses can be determined after assigning the coordinates to the burned points. (paper)

  8. School Foucault pendulum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacsny, Boris; Štubna, Igor; Teleki, Aba

    2014-11-01

    A Foucault pendulum was assembled for a university/high-school physics course. The pendulum is 2.85 m long and the mass of the bob is 4.70 kg. A new technique based on the spark burned points on a sheet of paper was used to register the pendulum’s motion. A Ruhmkorff induction coil was used as a high-voltage source. Plots of the elliptical trajectories (except the first trajectory, which is a straight line) can be created and the angles between the major axes of the ellipses can be determined after assigning the coordinates to the burned points.

  9. Foucault Must Not be Defended

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dean, Mitchell

    2015-01-01

    This paper responds to and comments on many of the themes of the book under consideration concerning Foucault and neoliberalism. In doing so, it offers reflections on the relation between the habitus of the intellectual and the political contexts of action and engagement in the case of Foucault, ...

  10. Foucault, cárcel y mujer: el conflicto de la reincidencia (Foucault, jail and women: the conflict of recidivism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Jiménez Bautista

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este artículo pretendemos verificar la pregunta que Michel Foucault señaló dentro del sistema penal y particularmente en el sistema de prisiones (en nuestro caso el de España, ver si los individuos que han pasado por el sistema penal permanecen marcados hasta el fin de sus días. De forma que están colocados en una situación tal que ya no se les devuelve del lugar de donde habían venido, es decir, no se le devuelve al lugar del proletariado. Igualmente, es significativo que los valores de la crisis económica incrementan el número de reincidencias y violencia estructural hacia las presas, mujeres víctimas de las crisis de globalización.Abstract: This article aims to verify Michel Foucault pointed question in the penal system and particularly in the prison system (in our case of Spain, see if people who have gone through the criminal justice system remain marked until the end of their days. So, they are placed in a position where returns are no longer the place where they came from, namely, not returned to the place of the proletariat. Alike, it is significant that the values of the economic crisis increase the number of criminal recidivism and structural violence toward prisoners, women victims of the crisis of globalization.

  11. Biopolítica e direitos humanos em Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon Farhi Neto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article we try to show the troublesome relation between biopolitcs, biopower and human rights in Michel Foucault. The notion of right is a classical notion, insofar as it pertains to the juridical conception of politics and to the techniques of sovereign power. On the other side, the idea of the human animal as human being appears only in Modernity, within the different dispositives that constitute what Foucault called the modern biopower. Therefore, talking of human rights one puts together the idea of right and the idea of human being, i.e. two notions belonging to two historically distinct techniques of power. In the awareness of this distinction, one has to question why Foucault, in face of what was going on in his days, did nevertheless appeal – against governments – to the rights of those who are governed. Classical right may have nothing to do with biopolitics; however with regard to the so-called human rights we cannot claim the same.

  12. Foucault and Capitalist Rationality : A Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Muhammad Rizvi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The relation between the regimes of the accumulation of men and the accumulation of capital is problematised in the works of Michel Foucault. The paper challenges the prevailing wisdom that the relation between these regimes is contingent. The fundamentalquestion of the conditions of the possibility of relation between the two regimes is raised. It is argued that both regimes are primordially related. Focusing on the Foucauldiananalysis of the regime of the accumulation of men and its constituent elements an effort is made to the matize the primordial relation between the two regimes. It is shown that freedom is the condition of the possibility of a primordial relation between the tworegimes. It is explained why freedom plays such a fundamental role in making possible and sustaining a capitalist order. The dual role of freedom as a principle of diversity and a principle of management is stressed. It is argued that capitalism as an order is conditionedupon the production and reproduction of individuals and populations that are simultaneously useful and free. It is also the condition of such an order that docility is produced without hampering utility. Freedom makes possible the enhancement of utility without making it unmanageable.

  13. Michel Blanc 1952-2009

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    We deeply regret to announce the death of Mr Michel BLANC on 27 November 2009. Mr BLANC, who was born on 4 April 1952, was a member of the IT Department and had worked at CERN since 1 January 1978. The Director-General has sent his family a message of condolence on behalf of the CERN personnel. Social Affairs It was with great sadness that we learned of the death of our friend and colleague Michel Blanc on the evening of Friday 27 November. Everyone who knew him, especially those who had spent many years with him in the Computer Centre where he worked since his arrival at CERN in 1978, but also his more recent colleagues, will always remember his good humour, his quick wit and his amazing zest for life. He made staunch friends during his thirty years at CERN and often kept in touch with them after they left the Organization. His passion for motorcycling and for walks with his wife, his two sons and his friends were some of his great joys in life. Michel took a well-earned early retirement in Octobe...

  14. Regímenes de poder y tecnologías de la imagen. Foucault y los estudios visuales

    OpenAIRE

    León Mantilla, Christian Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Este ensayo analiza los legados del pensamiento de Michel Foucault para el estudio de las prácticas visuales, la mirada y las tecnologías de la imagen. A partir la recepción de Foucault en el campo de los estudios visuales, me interesa reflexionar sobre cómo la imagen y la mirada se inscriben dentro de una red de relaciones, saberes, tecnologías, normativas e instituciones que develan formas de operación del poder y de construcción de los sujetos. Para empezar, pongo en diálogo conceptos como...

  15. (Re)considering Foucault for science education research: considerations of truth, power and governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzul, Jesse; Carter, Lyn

    2017-06-01

    This article is a response to Anna Danielsonn, Maria Berge, and Malena Lidar's paper, "Knowledge and power in the technology classroom: a framework for studying teachers and students in action", and an appeal to science educators of all epistemological orientations to (re)consider the work of Michel Foucault for research in science education. Although this essay does not come close to outlining the importance of Foucault's work for science education, it does present a lesser-known side of Foucault as an anti-polemical, realist, modern philosopher interested in the way objective knowledge is entangled with governance in modernity. This latter point is important for science educators, as it is the intersection of objective knowledge and institutional imperatives that characterizes the field(s) of science education. Considering the lack of engagement with philosophy and social theory in science education, this paper offers one of many possible readings of Foucault (we as authors have also published different readings of Foucault) in order to engage crucial questions related to truth, power, governance, discourse, ethics and education.

  16. The domestication of Foucault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goddard, Roy

    2014-01-01

    Though Foucault was intrigued by the possibilities of radical social transformation, he resolutely resisted the idea that such transformation could escape the effects of power and expressed caution when it came to the question of revolution. In this article we argue that in one particularly influential line of development of Foucault’s work his exemplary caution has been exaggerated in a way that weakens the political aspirations of post-Foucaldian scholarship. The site of this reduction is a complex debate over the role of normativity in Foucaldian research, where it has been claimed that Foucault’s genealogical approach is unable to answer the question ‘Why fight?’ The terms of this debate (on the neo-Foucaldian side) are limited by a dominant though selective interpretation of Foucault’s analytics of power, where power is understood primarily in terms of government, rather than struggle. In response we suggest that if we reconfigure power-as-government to power-as-war, this adjusts the central concern. ‘Why fight?’ becomes replaced by the more immediate question, ‘How fight?’ Without denying the obvious benefits of cautious scholarly work, we argue that a reconfiguration of Foucault’s analytics of power might help Foucaldian research to transcend the self-imposed ethic of political quietism that currently dominates the field. PMID:26273130

  17. Ethics, government and sexual health: insights from Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winch, Sarah

    2005-03-01

    The work of Michel Foucault, the French philosopher who was interested in power relationships, has resonated with many nurses who seek a radically analytical view of nursing practice. The purpose of this article is to explore 'ethics' through a Foucauldian lens, in a conceptual and methodological sense. The intention is to provide a useful framework that will help researchers critically to explore aspects of nursing practice that relate to the construction of the self, morality and identity, be that nurse or patient related. The fundamentals of the research method of genealogy and the methods of ethics are reviewed. Using an example taken from the sexual health practice area, advice is given on how to structure data collection, incorporate interview data, avoid discourse determinism and measure resistance.

  18. Foucault and Homosexuality: From Power Relation to Practice of Freedom

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    Julia Sandra Bernal Crespo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A 30 años de su muerte, en este artículo pretendemos reivindicar la obra de Michel Foucault, en particular evidenciar las ventajas de su método, las formas a través de las cuales obtuvo sus resultados, sus opiniones y sus análisis críticos sobre la historia de la sexualidad en Occidente. Para ello realizamos una breve introducción a los aspectos biográficos de nuestro autor, con el fin de enlazar sus preocupaciones teóricas con sus preocupaciones existenciales. Posteriormente revisamos su método, su objetivo, sus resultados y sus propuestas en torno a la investigación sobre la sexualidad.

  19. [Madness in Foucault: art and madness, madness and unreason].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Providello, Guilherme Gonzaga Duarte; Yasui, Silvio

    2013-10-01

    After presenting the ideas on madness and its interface with art as expressed in the writings of Michel Foucault, Peter Pál Pelbart, and Gilles Deleuze, the article explores how these authors question the relationship between art and madness. It begins with the notion that madness does not tell the truth about art, and vice versa, but that there are links between both that must be delved into if we are to engage in deeper reflection on the topic. The text problematizes the statement that madness is the absence of an oeuvre and examines how this impacts the possibility of achieving an artistic oeuvre. It further problematizes the idea of madness as excluded language, that is, the idea that madness implies not only the exclusion of the body but also the disqualification of discourse.

  20. Sobre dois conceitos de Foucault

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    Sirio Possenti

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available 0 objetivo deste trabalho é defender uma certa leitura de Foucault, em especial no que se refere aos conceitos de saber e de verdade, frequentemente tomados em sentido corrente. A razão é que, se Foucault for lido assim, algumas de suas hipóteses perdem completamente seu vigor e sua produtividade, tomando-se inúteis para perceber — e este é um de seus propósitos — a especificidade do funcionamento de certos discursos, seja no que se refere a sua forma de produção quanto no que se refere as relações entre os discursos.

  1. THE MEDICAL AND SOCIAL MODELS OF DISABILITY FROM THE MEANINGS OF SEGREGATION AND INCLUSION IN MICHEL FOUCAULT’S AND MARTHA NUSSBAUM’S DISCOURSES

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    Ana Paula Barbosa-Fohrmann

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available First, this paper will approach the meanings of segregation (or exclusion, integration and inclusion grounded on the interpretation of several provisions of key international documents. Secondly, it intends to overcome the legal analysis and examine Michel Foucault’s and Martha Nussbaum’s discourses on disabilities. Michel Foucault, by means of a historical criticism, focuses his analysis on the medical model of segregation (or exclusion while Martha Nussbaum proposes a social model that intends to be more inclusive of persons with disabilities. The medical model of integration will not be tackled in this paper.

  2. Foucault, Derrida e a História da Loucura: notas sobre uma polêmica

    OpenAIRE

    André de Faria Pereira Neto

    1998-01-01

    A publicação do livro Folie et Déraison. Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique (1961), de Michel Foucault, promoveu um debate entre o autor e o filósofo Jacques Derrida, durante os anos 60/70. Derrida criticou a proposta metodológica e a organização da História da Loucura, apresentadas por Foucault, no prefácio da primeira edição. Essa polêmica parece ter motivado o autor a retirar, da segunda edição, o prefácio que abria a primeira versão do livro. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar alguns ...

  3. Foucault y la antropología filosófica: una actitud transgresora

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    Alejandro Chuca

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo busca demostrar la relación de Michel Foucault con la antropología filosófica. En una primera instancia, se dará cuenta del intento de este autor de plantear una filosofía antiantropológica que logre pensar a los sujetos como formas y no como substancias, alejada de una mirada esencialista. En una segunda instancia, se pondrá en cuestión esta propuesta de Foucault a partir de una hipótesis propia en la cual pensamos que él no deja de tener una definición de lo que el hombre es. Con su estilo propio y diferenciador, pensamos que el pensador francés establece una antropología en la que el hombre es entendido como un ser potencial capaz de asumir diversas formas a priori indeterminadas.

  4. Corpo e Alma em Foucault: Postulados para uma Metodologia da Psicologia

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    Fernando de Almeida Silveira

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Michel Foucault destaca o corpo como expressão de poderes e de saberes que se articulam estrategicamente na história da sociedade ocidental. O corpo é, simultaneamente, agente e peça dentro de um jogo de forças presente em toda a rede social, que o torna depositário de marcas e de sinais que nele se inscrevem nesses embates, os quais, por sua vez, têm na corporeidade seu "campo de prova". E a alma surge como instrumento de atuação dos poderes/saberes sobre o corpo, no processo de constituição do corpo histórico dos sujeitos. O objetivo deste trabalho é desenvolver postulados sobre o corpo e a alma em Foucault, para o estudo e a prática da Psicologia.

  5. Jogos de linguagem/jogos de verdade: de Wittgenstein a Foucault

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    Elza Ibrahim

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the constitution of the subject through the truth games and the language games problematized, respectively, by Michel Foucault and Ludwig Wittgenstein, taking as a conducting wire the implications of language in the practices produced in a psychiatric hospital with the human being considered not to be regularly punished. Therefore, we present the objectivist vision of reality and the representational language vision as opposed to the constructivist view of reality and the pragmatic language itself. According to this latter view, the reality is produced by the language through the language games which are historically contextualized. Thus, we are talking about unique subjects. In this context, we bring to the discussion the notion of truth problematized by Foucault as a field of possibilities, who thinks it is so only in the contingency of history that the subject is constituted: as the language, he is the product of multiple social practices.

  6. Foucault's contributions for understanding power relations in British classical political economy

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    Danielle Guizzo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the strategic role played by British classical political economy in constructing new technologies of power. Michel Foucault drew attention to a change that political economists promoted concerning the role of the state, which has been overlooked by historians of economic thought. This paper explores the main arguments provided by the most important British political economists of the 18th and 19th centuries on what concerns population management, State's role and economic dynamics in order to examine Foucault's considerations. Although British classical political economy consolidated the mechanism of markets and economic individuality, thus creating a system of truth that changed economic norms and practices, its discourse also established a political conduct that was responsible for creating mechanisms of control that disseminated new forms of power relations.

  7. Research integrity and rights of indigenous peoples: appropriating Foucault's critique of knowledge/power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swazo, Norman K

    2005-09-01

    In this paper I appropriate the philosophical critique of Michel Foucault as it applies to the engagement of Western science and indigenous peoples in the context of biomedical research. The science of population genetics, specifically as pursued in the Human Genome Diversity Project, is the obvious example to illustrate (a) the contraposition of modern science and 'indigenous science', (b) the tendency to depreciate and marginalize indigenous knowledge systems, and (c) the subsumption of indigenous moral preferences in the juridical armature of international human rights law. I suggest that international bioethicists may learn from Foucault's critique, specifically of the need for vigilance about the knowledge/power relation expressed by the contraposition of modern science and 'indigeneity'.

  8. Power in Bourdieu and Foucault: considerations about symbolic power and disciplinary power

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    Tiago Barros Rosa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to present some of conceptions about power, which are present in the thoughts of two contemporary classics from Social Science: Pierre Bourdieu and Michel Foucault. Most specifically, we will analyze the foundations of the notions of symbolic power and disciplinary power, developed, respectively, on their work. Despite the theoretical and methodological differences in both authors, we attend to approach the distinct notions of power in their scientific projects and to confront them to the currently dominant tendency, whose fundamental assumption are supported by the Weberian theory. The idea of imposition of will, as discussed in Weber’s classic formulation of power, brings in itself, indelibly, the awareness, calculation and intentionality by the social actors. Both Foucault and Bordieu, the individuals - subjects and social agents – are conditioned and constrained by external relation and forces, which are often not consciously perceived.

  9. The ethics of Foucault and Ricoeur: an underrepresented discussion in nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flaming, Don

    2006-09-01

    Paul Ricoeur and Michel Foucault enjoy a privileged status in nursing academia as two thinkers who influence both nursing research and philosophical explorations of nursing practice. Most nurse authors, however, focus only on the earlier works of these two philosophers and, for example, base qualitative research methodologies on Foucault's genealogy and Ricoeur's hermeneutics. In their later years, both these writers talk more explicitly about being an ethical self. Ideas from their earlier writing is evident in their writing on ethics and both writers could not discuss ethics without also exploring their ideas of the self and the other. I suggest that some of their thoughts on ethics connect with or complement each other quite well. I will first give an overview of Foucault's ethics, self and the other, and then do the same with Ricoeur's thought. In the third part of the paper I will describe how Foucault and Ricoeur complement each other, and conclude the paper by briefly suggesting how these writers influence my own practice as a nurse educator.

  10. Foucault's "fearless speech" and the transformation and mentoring of medical students

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    Papadimos Thomas J

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In his six 1983 lectures published under the title, Fearless Speech (2001, Michel Foucault developed the theme of free speech and its relation to frankness, truth-telling, criticism, and duty. Derived from the ancient Greek word parrhesia, Foucault's analysis of free speech is relevant to the mentoring of medical students. This is especially true given the educational and social need to transform future physicians into able citizens who practice a fearless freedom of expression on behalf of their patients, the public, the medical profession, and themselves in the public and political arena. In this paper, we argue that Foucault's understanding of free speech, or parrhesia, should be read as an ethical response to the American Medical Association's recent educational effort, Initiative to Transform Medical Education (ITME: Recommendations for change in the system of medical education (2007. In this document, the American Medical Association identifies gaps in medical education, emphasizing the need to enhance health system safety and quality, to improve education in training institutions, and to address the inadequacy of physician preparedness in new content areas. These gaps, and their relationship to the ITME goal of promoting excellence in patient care by implementing reform in the US system of medical education, call for a serious consideration and use of Foucault's parrhesia in the way that medical students are trained and mentored.

  11. In memoriam Michel Butor (1926 – 2016

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    Christof Weiand

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Am Mittwoch, dem 24. August 2016, ist Michel Butor gestorben, drei Wochen vor seinem 90. Geburtstag. Als Beispiel für Michel Butors Dichtung soll an dieser Stelle ein Gedicht aus den Textes récents – 37 pages/Neueste Texte – 37 Seiten stehen, die 2012 erstmals erschienen sind:Michel Butor, Textes récents – 37 pages/Neueste Texte – 37 Seiten, aus dem Französischen übersetzt, kommentiert und eingerichtet von Christof Weiand (Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2012.

  12. La biometría en las tecnologías de poder de Michel Foucault

    OpenAIRE

    Torrano, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    La biometría es una de las tecnologías de control sobre la población más desarrollada y utilizada en la actualidad. En este artículo se analiza la biometría como una tecnología de la lógica securitaria propia de nuestra época. A su vez, se indaga sobre la reactualización de los mecanismos del poder soberano y disciplinario, en tanto tecnología basada en la lógica de inclusión exclusión como también de un ejercicio de poder sobre el cuerpo individual. Además, nos ocuparemos de la incidencia de...

  13. ¿Eugenesia liberal? Aproximaciones a partir de la propuesta anti-historicista de Michel Foucault

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    Gabriel Dalmau, Iván

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we try to contribute in the current philosophical and political debate concerning certain medical practices and their relationship with a “new liberal eugenics”. Hence, we focus on the triad constituted by the imbrications between human sciences, biopolitical techniques and government technologies of population under the construction of the “human capital” as a problem, in order to genealogically account for the question that triggers this work.En el presente trabajo buscaremos intervenir en el debate filosófico – político actual respecto de si ciertas prácticas biomédicas pueden ser consideradas como una “nueva eugenesia liberal”. Nos centraremos, entonces, en la tríada constituida por la imbricación entre ciencias humanas, técnicas biopolíticas y tecnologías de gobierno de la población en el marco de la construcción del “capital humano” como problema, para dar cuenta genealógicamente del interrogante que opera como disparador del presente trabajo.

  14. ¿Eugenesia liberal? Aproximaciones a partir de la propuesta anti-historicista de Michel Foucault

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Dalmau, Iván

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we try to contribute in the current philosophical and political debate concerning certain medical practices and their relationship with a “new liberal eugenics”. Hence, we focus on the triad constituted by the imbrications between human sciences, biopolitical techniques and government technologies of population under the construction of the “human capital” as a problem, in order to genealogically account for the question that triggers this work.En el presente trabajo buscaremos ...

  15. La biometría en las tecnologías de poder de Michel Foucault

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    Andrea Torrano

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La biometría es una de las tecnologías de control sobre la población más desarrollada y utilizada en la actualidad. En este artículo se analiza la biometría como una tecnología de la lógica securitaria propia de nuestra época. A su vez, se indaga sobre la reactualización de los mecanismos del poder soberano y disciplinario, en tanto tecnología basada en la lógica de inclusión exclusión como también de un ejercicio de poder sobre el cuerpo individual. Además, nos ocuparemos de la incidencia de la biometría sobre la identidad individual.

  16. Existe sujeito em Michel Maffesoli?

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    Marli Appel da Silva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio discute a concepção de sujeito na abordagem teórica de Michel Maffesoli. As ideias desse autor estão em voga em alguns meios acadêmicos no Brasil e são difundidas por algumas mídias de grande circulação nacional. Entretanto, ao longo de suas obras, os pressupostos que definem quem é o sujeito maffesoliano se encontram pouco clarificados. Portanto, para alcançar o objetivo a que se propõe, este ensaio desenvolve uma análise da epistemologia e da ontologia maffesoliana com a finalidade de compreender as origens dos pressupostos desse autor, ou seja, as teorias e os autores em que Maffesoli se baseou para desenvolver uma visão de sujeito. Com essa compreensão, pretende-se responder à questão: existe sujeito na abordagem teórica de Maffesoli.

  17. Vidas célebres, vidas minúsculas: Vasari, Foucault, Michon

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    Kelvin Falcão

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O primeiro movimento deste ensaio consiste no esboço de um percurso breve a partir da obra de Michel Foucault, rastreando o uso do significante “vidas” em alguns textos do autor francês. Dois eixos são delineados a partir daí: o primeiro deles diz respeito à leitura foucaultiana das “vidas célebres” de Giorgio Vasari; o segundo diz respeito às “vidas infames”, que Foucault rastreia nos arquivos policiais franceses. Em seguida, inicia-se um desvio em direção à literatura do século XX, considerando o envolvimento da ficção com a emergência da discursividade biográfica, sua ressonância política e o emprego crítico, mais uma vez, do significante “vidas”. Com esse contexto de fundo estabelecido, o ensaio conclui-se com uma análise de Vidas minúsculas, do escritor francês Pierre Michon. The first movement of this essay is to outline a brief path from the work of Michel Foucault, tracking the use of the signifier “lives” in some texts of the French author. Two axes are delineated from there, the first one concerns Foucault’s reading of “renowed lives” by Giorgio Vasari; the second concerns the “infamous lives”, which Foucault traces from the French police files. Then begins a shift toward twentiethcentury literature, considering the involvement of fiction with the emergence of biographical discourse, its political resonance and, again, the critical use of the signifier “lives”. With this background context established, the essay concludes with a analysis of Small Lives, by French writer Pierre Michon.

  18. Foucault and Brazilian Educational Research, After Two and a Half Decades

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    Julio Groppa Aquino

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to providing an extensive overview of the reception of Michel Foucault’s ideas in the Brazilian educational research, through the results of an investigation on the academic production based on Foucault in 52 educational journals, from 1990 to 2014. Relying on a strategy of addressing to the documents able to renounce judging the uses of the thinker’s ideas, 401 articles suggesting an appropriation of Foucault’s theorization as a working mode were selected and, then, analyzed together. At the end of the article, some reflections about current limits and future possibilities of Foucauldian studies in Brazilian education are presented.

  19. Corpo e Alma em Foucault: Postulados para uma Metodologia da Psicologia

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando de Almeida Silveira; Reinaldo Furlan

    2003-01-01

    Michel Foucault destaca o corpo como expressão de poderes e de saberes que se articulam estrategicamente na história da sociedade ocidental. O corpo é, simultaneamente, agente e peça dentro de um jogo de forças presente em toda a rede social, que o torna depositário de marcas e de sinais que nele se inscrevem nesses embates, os quais, por sua vez, têm na corporeidade seu "campo de prova". E a alma surge como instrumento de atuação dos poderes/saberes sobre o corpo, no processo de constituição...

  20. Foucault e Rancière: perspectivas e crítica ao conceito de biopoder

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Danilo Galdino

    2017-01-01

    A questão da biopolítica perpassou boa parte das discussões nos últimos 30 a 50 anos. Michel Foucault, notadamente, foi o principal pensador a apresentar como o corpo é objeto de uma adestração que o torna dócil e economicamente rentável dentro das sociedades disciplinares. O presente trabalho tem o intuito de apresentar a crítica feita por Jacques Rancière ao conceito de biopoder e biopolítica, confrontando principalmente a posição foucaultiana, a partir de seu par conceitual polícia/polític...

  1. Foucault's points of resistance. Women in science: 1620--2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitale, Cindy Gail

    In his unique method of historical research, Michel Foucault was concerned with how institutional power relations are both established and maintained through discourse, in its broadest sense. Foucault found that the character of the discourse of any given period of history serves as the foundation of knowledge which is then transformed into power by those who "appropriate," "bound," then use it as "technologies of discipline." This power operates transparently and serves to "construct" individuals to meet institutional expectations. Important for this study is that Foucault believed that where there is power there is resistance, and that "points of resistance" operate everywhere in "power networks." This study has two parts. The first is a description and an extension of Foucault's notion of resistance as it operates within institutional power relations. The second, using the extended version of Foucault's resistance, is a deconstruction of the discourse of science education in the United States. The deconstruction focused on resistance operating within the male/female power relations network. The deconstruction revealed three overlapping yet distinct historical periods in which the dominant discourse was characterized by one of Foucault's three general technologies of discipline. During the first period, 1620--1790, women were generally not allowed access to formal (institutional) education. This disciplinary technology, which Foucault called "dividing practices," was justified by the commonly accepted religious view of the period that females were both mentally and morally inferior beings. Women were, so to speak, "barred at the schoolhouse gate." In the second period, 1790--1920, female resistance to these dividing practices was parallel to their limited access to formal education. Women were "admitted at the schoolhouse gate," and the appearance of successful resistance occurred as women began to enroll in science classes. Unlike their male counterparts

  2. Foucault: o nascimento do liberalismo

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    Richer Fernando Borges de Souza

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa apresentar a genealogia dos dispositivos de poder-saber, que, para Foucault, apontam para o nascimento, para o desenvolvimento, bem como à configuração que o liberalismo e os Estados Modernos apresentam atualmente no Ocidente. Apresentaremos nossa leitura acerca das três primeiras aulas ministradas por Foucault nos dias 10, 17 e 24 de janeiro de 1979 e que, por sua vez, dão início a obra intitulada Nascimento da biopolítica, na qual o autor dá continuidade às suas pesquisas realizadas no âmbito do Collège de France e, particularmente, ao curso que fora ministrado no ano anterior, denominado Segurança, território, população. Neste período de sua produção intelectual, Foucault está atento, decisivamente, às questões concernentes às formas de racionalização e de exercício da soberania política, ou seja, àquilo que ele chamou de a arte de governar. E, será a partir dessas problematizações que iremos ao final sugerir a possibilidade de que estejamos em nosso tempo testemunhando a emergência de um novo campo de relação com o poder político que não fora problematizado por Foucault, a saber, o da mídia.

  3. Foucault's Notion of Forms of Problematization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Kirsten; Lomborg, Kirsten; Beedholm, Kirsten

    2015-01-01

    's later writings and his diagnosis of his own work as studies of forms of problematization. To shed light on the possibilities that this approach offers to the researcher, we present a reading of aspects of Foucault's work, with a focus on his notion of forms of problematization. Furthermore, we elaborate......'s oeuvre, we argue against this critique and provide a methodological discussion of the perception that Foucault's method constitutes, primarily, discourse analysis. We argue that it is possible to overcome this critique of Foucault's work by the application of methodological tools adapted from Foucault...

  4. The Pedagogical Effect: On Foucault and Sloterdijk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noguera-Ramírez, Carlos Ernesto

    2017-01-01

    Although Foucault did not produce any particular work devoted to teaching or education, following authors like Hoskin this text aims to show the importance that teaching practices and discourses have in Foucault's analysis, particularly in the analysis of what he called governmentality. If we associate these analyses with the concept of…

  5. La vida como concepto político: una lectura de Foucault y Deleuze

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    Marina Garcés

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre vida y política ha adquirido centralidad teórica y práctica a lo largo de todo el s.XX. Hoy es el eje de todos los análisis filosóficos, políticos y económicos que giran entorno a la cuestión del biopoder o la biopolítica. En este artículo se propone una lectura de algunos de los principales textos de Michel Foucault y de Gilles Deleuze donde la reflexión sobre la vida adquiere una dimensión política: para pensar la resistencia, en el caso de Michel Foucault, para pensar la liberación de un acontecimiento para Gilles Deleuze. Las construcciones ontológicas que articulan son distintas, pero se despliegan en la complicidad de un pensamiento amigo que tiene en vistas la pregunta por la posibilidad de pensar ?de otra manera?, de ?escribir para un pueblo que falta?. En los dos casos abordar el concepto de vida como concepto político será la clave para entender la propuesta.

  6. [Medical empiricism from one myth to another. A critical reading of Foucault's Birth of Clinic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Calan, Ronan

    2013-01-01

    The new history of the clinic, developed mainly after the publication of Othmar Keel's L'avènement de la médecine clinique moderne en Europe, 1750-1815 in 2001, invites the scholars to turn upside down the chronology adopted by Michel Foucault in his classic Birth of the Clinic. This paper investigates the philosophical consequences of this chronological displacement, showing that the medical empiricism of the clinic cannot have the characteristics attributed by Foucault. If the myth of the purity of such empiricism cannot be taken seriously anymore thanks to Foucault, is has been substituted by the myth of the creation of the clinic on the basis of enlightened empiricism. The clinic is, however, older than empiricism à la Condillac. It refers to an earlier medical empiricism developed in the 17th century which in its turn allowed for Condillac's philosophy. The clinic had in fact to choose between an elder medical empiricism and a new chemical empirism that appeared in the late 17th century. But the clinic was not a creation of the Enlightenment.

  7. Erotismo y sexualidad: Eros o ars erótica. Foucault frente a Marcuse y Freud

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    María Laura Schaufler

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo apunta a reconstruir y reflexionar acerca del debate en torno al erotismo y la sexualidad entre la perspectiva freudiana retomada por Herbert Marcuse y las investigaciones de Michel Foucault. El trabajo con los textos implica un análisis contrastivo de las teorías que sostienen una hipótesis represiva acerca del orden sexual —el psicoanálisis freudiano y la llamada izquierda freudiana, que articuló conceptos psicoanalíticos y marxistas— y la teoría foucaultiana con su hipótesis acerca de la productividad de los discursos de la sexualidad. En este contexto cabe preguntarse si Foucault abandona completamente la hipótesis de una sexualidad reprimida. ¿Por qué los primeros hablan sobre todo de erotismo y por qué el segundo hace foco en la sexualidad? Si suponemos que ambas posturas critican el orden sexual vigente, ¿cómo imaginan las posibilidades de cambio? Para responder a estas cuestiones rastrearemos la concepción del erotismo en Freud y Marcuse para luego confrontarla con la propuesta de Foucault.

  8. Power and Truth in Foucault and Habermas

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Amurabi; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

    2014-01-01

    Current paper examines how truth is enmeshed with power in Foucault´s and Habermas´s theories, highlighting similarities and differences within the two theoretical perspectives. If, on the one hand, truth in Foucault is based on a monologic imposition, on the other hand, Habermas insists on the dialogic understanding of the truth, although in both cases, related to power, at opposite positions, as Habermas himself points out in ‘The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity’. Foucault takes on a c...

  9. Foucault and the politics of our selves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Amy

    2011-01-01

    Exploring the apparent tension between Foucault's analyses of technologies of domination -- the ways in which the subject is constituted by power-knowledge relations -- and of technologies of the self -- the ways in which individuals constitute themselves through practices of freedom -- this article endeavors to make two points: first, the interpretive claim that Foucault's own attempts to analyse both aspects of the politics of our selves are neither contradictory nor incoherent; and second, the constructive claim that Foucault's analysis of the politics of our selves, though not entirely satisfactory as it stands, provides important resources for the project of critical social theory.

  10. Foucault, Experiência, Literatura

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    João Rodolfo Munhoz Ohara

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Em uma das várias entrevistas nas quais discute sua insatisfação com o horizonte filosófico de seus dias de estudante, dominado pelo marxismo, pela fenomenologia e pelo existencialismo, Foucault faz a seguinte afirmação: "para mim, a ruptura se deu primeiramente Waiting for Godot, de Beckett, uma performance de tirar o fôlego." Meu objetivo neste texto é estabelecer as bases para compreender como é possível que um trabalho de literatura tenha tal efeito - qual seja, forçar-nos a pensar de outra maneira. É realmente possível que trabalhos de literatura mudem as pessoas que os leem? Ou, para dar a essa questão um foco ligeiramente diferente, as pessoas são capazes de mudarem a si mesmas através de suas leituras literárias?

  11. Mobilizing Foucault: history, subjectivity and autonomous learners in nurse education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darbyshire, Chris; Fleming, Valerie E M

    2008-12-01

    In the past 20, years the impact of progressive educational theories have become influential in nurse education particularly in relation to partnership and empowerment between lecturers and students and the development of student autonomy. The introduction of these progressive theories was in response to the criticisms that nurse education was characterized by hierarchical and asymmetrical power relationships between lecturers and students that encouraged rote learning and stifled student autonomy. This article explores how the work of Michel Foucault can be mobilized to think about autonomy in three different yet overlapping ways: as a historical event; as a discursive practice; and as part of an overall strategy to produce a specific student subject position. The implications for educational practice are that, rather than a site where students are empowered, nurse education is both a factory and a laboratory where new subjectivities are continually being constructed. This suggests that empowering practices and disciplinary practices uneasily co-exist. Critical reflection needs to be directed not only at structural dimensions of power but also on ourselves as students and lecturers by asking a Foucauldian question: How are you interested in autonomy?

  12. Foucault could have been an operating room nurse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Robin; Manias, Elizabeth

    2002-08-01

    Operating room nursing is an under-researched area of nursing practice. The stereotypical image of operating room nursing is one of task- and technically-orientated aspects of practice, where nurses work in a medical model and are dominated by constraints from outside their sphere of influence. This paper explores the possibility of understanding operating room nursing in a different way. Using the work of Michel Foucault to analyse the work of operating room nursing, this paper argues the relevance of the framework for a more in-depth analysis of this specialty area of practice. The concepts of power, discipline and subjectivity are used to demonstrate how operating room nursing is constructed as a discipline and how operating room nurses act to govern and construct the specialty. Exemplars are drawn from extensive professional experience, from guidelines of professional operating room nursing associations, as well as published texts. The focus is predominantly on the regulation of space and time to maintain the integrity of the sterile surgical field and issues of management, as well as the use of the ethical concept of the 'surgical conscience'. This form of analysis provides a level and depth of inquiry that has rarely been undertaken in operating room nursing. As such, it has the potential to provide a much needed, different view of operation room nursing that can only help to strengthen its professional foundations and development.

  13. Foucault y su crítica al humanismo

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    Ignacio Bárcenas Monroy

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es determinar el significado de la frase “la muerte del Hombre” en la filosofía contemporánea. Para ello se comienza por dar un panorama general del lugar que ocupa esta reflexión en la filosofía contemporánea. Después se muestra que, a partir de los análisis de Michel Foucault, el hombre es una invención reciente, pues no ha sido una constante en la historia del pensamiento. En seguida se describen aquellos saberes que tienen como objeto de estudio al hombre, mostrando que en lugar de darnos una respuesta sobre lo que éste sea, antes bien lo disuelven, más aún las ciencias humanas producen mecanismos de poder que normalizan a los seres humanos. Se concluye que una reflexión así planteada promueve la indagación de nuevas formas para pensar al ser humano, alejadas de un viejo humanismo.

  14. Kubrick com Foucault ou O Desvio do Panoptismo

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    Ivan Capeller

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O panoptismo - um conceito fundamental para a compreensão da formação e do funcionamento das sociedades disciplinares ocidentais a partir dos séculos XVII-XVIII - apareceu em meados dos anos 70 nas análises empreendidas por Michel Foucault, em Vigiar e Punir, de um dispositivo carcerário setecentista então pouco estudado - o panopticum de Jeremy Bentham. Este artigo procede a uma releitura da teoria foucaultiana do panoptismo em que a crítica do dispositivo panóptico é retomada a partir do filme A Laranja Mecânica de Stanley Kubrick, enfatizando metodologicamente a relevância da ficção-científica, como um gênero,  na elaboração teórica das passagens e processos de transição que podemos observar entre as já conhecidas e estudadas formas disciplinares de sociedade e uma possível, ou suposta, sociedade porvir do controle. 

  15. Foucault Comes to Bakur: Sovereign Power and Collective Punishment

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    Mümtaz Murat Kök

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The Solution Process in Turkey has come to an abrupt end and along with it came an unprecedented violence in Bakur (Northern Kurdistan. This paper argues that the violence ravaging the region – especially in those areas where curfews have been declared – can be considered as a practice of punishment that is being employed indiscriminately. In line with this thought, the paper adopts a Foucauldian approach for comprehending the motivations behind the practice of collective punishment. In doing so, the paper revolves around the concepts of sovereign power and punishment introduced and argued by Michel Foucault. The paper argues that success of a pro-Kurdish party (HDP in June 7 elections and following declarations of self-rule in the region constituted an obstacle in Erdoğan’s desire for presidency but more importantly he took it as an act of dissent to his sovereign will. As can be seen in the functioning of sovereign power, he therefore punishes those people who are HDP’s main constituent while making an example out of them for potential challengers to his sovereign will.

  16. Hannah Arendt, Foucault e a reinvenção do espaço público Hannah Arendt, Foucault and the reinvention of the public space

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    Francisco Ortega

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é mostrar algumas convergências entre o pensamento de Hannah Arendt e o de Foucault. Minha tese a respeito é, que no fundo, ambos os autores visam a um pensamento do aberto e do não determinado, uma alternativa política que vai além de uma política partidista e que aponta para recuperar o espaço público. Política como atividade de criação e de experimentação. A teoria política de Hannah Arendt representa uma tentativa de pensar o acontecimento, de afrontar a contingência, de recusar as imagens e metáforas tradicionais oferecidas para imaginar o político, como uma vontade de agir, de transgredir e superar os limites.The object of this article is to show some convergences between the thought of Hannah Arendt and of Michel Foucault. My thesis is that both authors aims a thought of the openess and not determined, a political alternative that goes beyong the party politics and aims to recover the public space. Politics as activity of creation and experimentation. The political theory of Hannah Arendt represents a tentative to think the event, to affront the contingency and to deny the traditional images and metaphors offered to imagine the political. It is a will to act, to transgress and overcome the limits.

  17. Foucault on methadone: beyond biopower.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keane, Helen

    2009-09-01

    This essay reviews four texts which critically analyse methadone maintenance therapy using Foucault as a key theoretical framework: [Friedman, J., & Alicea, M. (2001). Surviving heroin: Interviews with women in methadone clinics. Florida: University Press of Florida], [Bourgois, P. (2000). Disciplining addictions: The bio-politics of methadone and heroin in the United States. Culture Medicine and Psychiatry, 24, 165-195], [Bull, M. (2008). Governing the heroin trade: From treaties to treatment. Ashgate: Aldershot], and [Fraser, S., & valentine, k. (2008). Substance & substitution: Methadone subjects in liberal societies. New York: Palgrave Macmillan]. Taken together these works demonstrate one trajectory in the development of critical drug studies over the past decade. While all four view MMT as a regulatory technology which aims to create productive and obedient subjects, their understandings of the power relations of the clinic are quite distinct. The first two texts emphasise the social control of drug users, the third, issues of governmentality and liberal political practice, while the fourth engages with ontological questions about substances themselves. Thus while Foucauldian analysis has become familiar in social studies of drugs and alcohol, new uses for its conceptual tools continue to emerge.

  18. Problematizing the world around us and thinking otherwise: an experience of philosophy with children in dialogue with Michel Foucault’s thoughts

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    Francisco Javier Guardado Mendoza

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available During a school cycle of a year we implemented an experience of philosophy with children inspired by the thoughts of Michel Foucault. The objective of our meetings was to foster thought-experiments aimed at problematizing the world around us and thinking otherwise. In the course of our experience, the thoughts of children led to different questions and reflections which we have organized according to five categories in dialogue with the ideas of Foucault: 1 critical thinking, 2 self-criticism, 3 curiosity, 4 relationship with the truth and 5 thinking otherwise. In this paper, we share a part of the expressions that, from our perspective, show how children thought differently about the world that surrounds us, and their own thinking.

  19. El efecto Foucault, entre el hombre nuevo y la crisis del marxismo The Foucault effect, between the "New Man" to the "crisis of Marxism"

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    Mariana Canavese

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Entre la pluralidad de usos que encontraron las elaboraciones de Michel Foucault en la Argentina, una serie de apropiaciones se relaciona con Marx y el marxismo. Una aproximación a algunas de ellas transita necesariamente entre las primeras circulaciones de sus textos a fines de la década de 1950 y las lecturas situadas en los años setenta. Luego cristalizarán usos de las elaboraciones y la cita foucaultianas que, dentro de la problemática abierta por la llamada "crisis del marxismo", oscilan entre la aprobación y el rechazo. Indagamos especialmente algunos de esos usos, en el contexto de apertura democrática, de revisión de la experiencia de masas de los setenta y fuerte distensión de la presencia del discurso marxista en el campo intelectual. Intentamos, así, profundizar los matices que complejizan la división entre un marxismo ortodoxo y los nuevos aires de la teoría crítica marxista, exponer un problema de la recepción de ideas mediante diversos usos estratégicos de dichos discursos entre agentes político-intelectuales en un contexto específico, visualizar los modos en que esas lecturas se articularon con determinadas maneras de interpretar la política y la cultura locales.In Argentina, Michel Foucault's work has had several interpretations being a series of them associated with Marx and the Marxism. An approximation to these series of interpretations includes the readings dated from the end of the '50s to the '70s. After this time and within the "crisis of Marxism", the uses of Foucault's citation oscillated among approval and rejection. In this paper, we explore some of these uses within the context of democratic transition, masses experience in the '70s and the strong relaxation of the Marxist speech in the intellectual field. In this way, we try to explain the division between the orthodox Marxism and the new Marxist critical theory. We also expose the problem of the reception of ideas through the strategic use of these

  20. The domestication of Foucault: Government, critique, war.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Ansgar; Goddard, Roy

    2014-12-01

    Though Foucault was intrigued by the possibilities of radical social transformation, he resolutely resisted the idea that such transformation could escape the effects of power and expressed caution when it came to the question of revolution. In this article we argue that in one particularly influential line of development of Foucault's work his exemplary caution has been exaggerated in a way that weakens the political aspirations of post-Foucaldian scholarship. The site of this reduction is a complex debate over the role of normativity in Foucaldian research, where it has been claimed that Foucault's genealogical approach is unable to answer the question ' Why fight? ' The terms of this debate (on the neo-Foucaldian side) are limited by a dominant though selective interpretation of Foucault's analytics of power, where power is understood primarily in terms of government, rather than struggle. In response we suggest that if we reconfigure power-as-government to power-as-war, this adjusts the central concern. ' Why fight? ' becomes replaced by the more immediate question, ' How fight? ' Without denying the obvious benefits of cautious scholarly work, we argue that a reconfiguration of Foucault's analytics of power might help Foucaldian research to transcend the self-imposed ethic of political quietism that currently dominates the field.

  1. Protecting vulnerable research participants: a Foucault-inspired analysis of ethics committees.

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    Juritzen, Truls I; Grimen, Harald; Heggen, Kristin

    2011-09-01

    History has demonstrated the necessity of protecting research participants. Research ethics are based on a concept of asymmetry of power, viewing the researcher as powerful and potentially dangerous and establishing ethics committees as external agencies in the field of research. We argue in favour of expanding this perspective on relationships of power to encompass the ethics committees as one among several actors that exert power and that act in a relational interplay with researchers and participants. We employ Michel Foucault's ideas of power as an omnipresent force which is dynamic and unstable, as well as the notion that knowledge and power are inextricably intertwined. The article discusses how research ethics committees may affect academic freedom. In addition it is pointed out that research participants could be harmed - not only by unfortunate research practices, but also by being subjected to the protective efforts of ethics monitoring bodies.

  2. Foucault, the subject and the research interview: a critique of methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadyl, Joanna K; Nicholls, David A

    2013-03-01

    Research interviews are a widely used method in qualitative health research and have been adapted to suit a range of methodologies. Just as it is valuable that new approaches are explored, it is also important to continue to examine their appropriate use. In this article, we question the suitability of research interviews for 'history of the present' studies informed by the work of Michel Foucault - a form of qualitative research that is being increasingly employed in the analysis of healthcare systems and processes. We argue that several aspects of research interviewing produce philosophical and methodological complications that can interfere with achieving the aims of the analysis in this type of study. The article comprises an introduction to these tensions and examination of them in relation to key aspects of a Foucauldian philosophical position, and discussion of where this might position researchers when it comes to designing a study. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  3. Algorithmic Finance and (Limits to Governmentality: On Foucault and High-Frequency Trading

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    Christian Borch

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available In this essay I discuss algorithmic finance, specifically the use of fully automated trading, including high-frequency trading, in the light of Michel Foucault's notion of governmentality. I argue that a governmentality perspective offers a fruitful way of understanding particular aspects of high-frequency trading, such as how algorithms are designed to govern other market participants' anticipations of market dynamics. However, I also argue that, to fully understand the realm of algorithmic finance and high-frequency trading, it is important to supplement a governmentality approach with an analytical lexicon which is not primarily centred on productive forms of power. Specifically, I suggest that, according to media discourses on high-frequency trading, algorithmic finance often works in ways that are better grasped through, e.g. Elias Canetti's work on predatory power and Roger Caillois's work on mimesis.

  4. Emancipating Intellectual Property from Proprietarianism: Drahos, Foucault, and a Quasi-Genealogy of IP

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    Wendyl Luna

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues that Peter Drahos undertakes a partial Foucauldian genealogy by emancipating intellectual property (IP from proprietarianism. He demonstrates the dominance of proprietarianism in IP by drawing sample practices from trademark, copyright, and patent laws, and then seeks to displace the proprietarian dominance with instrumentalism, which reconstitutes IP as a “liberty-intruding privilege.” Ironically, despite doing a genealogy, Drahos does not eradicate sovereignty altogether as Michel Foucault insists, but instead determines IP as a “sovereignty mechanism” that has a “sovereignty effect.” After explaining what Foucauldian genealogy is, the paper will explain how Drahos undertakes a genealogy of IP, while highlighting the limitations of Drahos’ analysis from a Foucauldian perspective.

  5. Foucault e Rancière: perspectivas e crítica ao conceito de biopoder

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    Pedro Danilo Galdino

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A questão da biopolítica perpassou boa parte das discussões nos últimos 30 a 50 anos. Michel Foucault, notadamente, foi o principal pensador a apresentar como o corpo é objeto de uma adestração que o torna dócil e economicamente rentável dentro das sociedades disciplinares. O presente trabalho tem o intuito de apresentar a crítica feita por Jacques Rancière ao conceito de biopoder e biopolítica, confrontando principalmente a posição foucaultiana, a partir de seu par conceitual polícia/política que [re]configuram a partilha do sensível, ora de maneira consensual, ora de maneira dissensual.

  6. Foucault e a pesquisa educacional em arte

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    Marcilio de Souza Vieira

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Este texto objetiva compreender como a obra de Foucault pode contribuir para a pesquisa educacional reconhecendo essas contribuições para o conhecimento na área da educação. Medéia e Hamlet, respectivamente dos tragediógrafos Eurípides e Shakespeare são possibilidades de exploração da loucura, da sexualidade e da linguagem que podemos encontrar nas obras de Foucault. Pensamos esta abordagem como lições que norteiam o pensamento de Foucault acerca da pesquisa educacional em Arte, embora o filósofo não tenha escrito sobre educação, mas exemplifica em suas obras, artistas e obras de arte que nos ajudam a compreender a loucura, a linguagem e a sexualidade e discuti-las nas aulas de Arte, em especial, nas aulas de teatro.

  7. "Finding Foucault": Orders of Discourse and Cultures of the Self

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    Besley, A. C.

    2015-01-01

    The idea of finding Foucault first looks at the many influences on Foucault, including his Nietzschean acclamations. It examines Foucault's critical history of thought, his work on the orders of discourse with his emphasis on being a pluralist: the problem he says that he has set himself is that of the individualization of discourses. Finally, it…

  8. Foucault and Marxism: Rewriting the Theory of Historical Materialism

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    Olssen, Mark

    2004-01-01

    This article explores the relationship of Foucault to Marxism. Although he was often critical of Marxism, Foucault's own approach bears striking parallels to Marxism, as a form of method, as an account of history, and as an analysis of social structure. Like Marxism, Foucault represents social practices as transitory and all knowledge and…

  9. The meta -physics of Foucault's ethics: succeeding where Levinas fails

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay aims to critically assess the later Foucault's ethical turn by using Levinas's ethical metaphysics as critical yardstick. Foucault's notion of ethical subjectivity constitutes a site of resistance against externally imposed subjugating subject identities. Apart from a practice of freedom, Foucault also insists that it ...

  10. Archeology and Humanism: An Incongruent Foucault

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    Chris Calvert-Minor

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Atension exists in Foucault’s writings concerning his alleged antihumanism. While his early archaeological period is taken to sediment his post-structuralist, anti-humanist methodology, Foucault still lets humanism creep into his writing, particularly in his later work. In the spirit of charity, I consider two ways of reading Foucault to overcome this tension: either (1 emphasize his post-structuralism over his humanist leanings or (2 take his humanism seriously and minimize his post-structuralism. After analysis, neither reading is adequate. I conclude that Foucault’s oeuvre is best understood simply as incongruent, contrary to his own remarks to unify his writings and methodologies.

  11. Michele Ferro-Luzzi (1938-2015)

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    We have learned with great sorrow of the passing away, on 11 May, of Michele Ferro-Luzzi, an engineer well-known to many physicists working at CERN from the late 1960s to the early 2000s.   Michele was born in Rome in 1938. He attended primary and secondary schools in Asmara (Eritrea), where his family had moved to in 1939, and then he went to the University of Rome where he obtained a "laurea" in electronic engineering in 1962. After completing his military service he was hired by CERN, in 1965, in the applied physics group, created by the Nuclear Physics (NP) Division Leader, Peter Preiswerk, to support physics teams in the design and construction of detectors, which were becoming more and more complex at that time. Michele’s primary interest was the design of particle beams. He became an expert in beam optics and in all kinds of beam components. For twenty-five years he was the best-known member of his group, involved in nearly all its&nb...

  12. Jogos de linguagem/jogos de verdade: de Wittgenstein a Foucault

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    Elza Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo trae a discusión la cuestión de la constitución del sujeto a través de los juegos de verdad y de los juegos de lenguaje, problematizados, respectivamente, por Michel Foucault y Ludwig Wittgenstein, teniendo como hilo conductor las implica - ciones del lenguaje en las prácticas que realizadas en un hospital psiquiátrico-penal con pacientes inimputables. Para ello, presentamos la visión objetivista de realidad y del lenguaje figurativo, en lugar del punto de vista constructivista de la realidad y del lenguaje pragmático. De acuerdo con este último punto de vista, la realidad es producida por el lenguaje a través de juegos de lenguaje, históricamente contextua - lizadas. Por lo tanto, estaríamos hablando de sujetos únicos, y no del sujeto trascen - dental. En este contexto, traemos a la discusión la noción de verdad problematizada por Foucault como un campo de potencial. Para él, es tan sólo en la contingencia de la historia que se constituye el sujeto: como el lenguaje, él es producto de múltiples prácticas sociales.

  13. Les enjeux stratégiques de la théorie du discours chez Foucault

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    Corneliu Bilba

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to fully understand Michel Foucault’s archeology of knowledge it is necessary to put it not only in the context of the discourse theories of the French school, but also in that of the linguistic theories of science. On the one hand, Foucault rejects the representational theory of scientific language (developed by Carnap and others. In his analysis of the discourse of the human sciences, with its complicated definition of the statement (énoncé, he aims to show that we cannot limit the language of knowledge to a vocabulary. On the other hand, Foucault’s approach is a serious challenge to structuralism because it is impossible to analyze the language of savoirs without taking into account the statement’s correlate (the referent issue. If the discourse of sciences is an artificial vocabulary created by means of the purification of the natural language, Saussure’s semiology could not compete against the conceptual dynamics of representational semiotics, and should admit that, in the cognitive usage, signs are representations. Therefore, Foucault admits that the statement has a correlate, that this correlate is not a physical object and that it functions as a historical structure of the discourse. This structure (épistémè can be seen as a norm; the changing of this norm cannot be identified but in the archive and its description is always retrospective, structural and archaeological.

  14. Reflexões sobre biopoder e pos-colonialismo: relendo Fanon e Foucault

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    Cunha Olívia Maria Gomes da

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Autores como Michel Foucault e Franz Fanon têm figurado de forma influente tanto em estudos sobre questões relativas a estratégias de poder e representação em contextos pós-coloniais, quanto em debates e análises de ordem teórica sobre pós-colonialismo. Particularmente, as noções de biopoder e governamentalidade, originárias do pensamento de Foucault, e as reflexões de Fanon sobre a construção de formas de subjetivação racializadas e coloniais, têm ensejado um amplo debate sobre a permanência e circulação de retóricas raciais transnacionais. Através da leitura de David Scott, em Refashioning Futures - Criticism after Postcoloniality (1999, e Paul Gilroy, em Against Race - Imagining Political Culture beyond the Color Line (2000, este ensaio procura identificar a pertinência da combinação de ambos os autores em estudos que, de forma distinta, se debruçam sobre a complexa relação entre corpo e modernidade e suas implicações nos campos político e intelectual contemporâneos.

  15. un recorrido por los límites. Foucault, Bourdieu, De Certeau

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    María Graciela Rodríguez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pone en relación las maneras en que distintos autores han pensado la inscripción de la ley en los cuerpos, lo que permite, a su vez, reflexionar sobre las diferentes posibilidades de interjuego entre esa ley y las subjetividades. Por ende, cada aproximación al tema propondrá variaciones respecto de los territorios y las gramáticas en donde esas manifestaciones cobran sentido. En otras palabras, cada abordaje colocará en distintos lugares los límites a la actividad creadora de los sujetos. Así, Foucault, De Certeau y Bourdieu son objeto de interrogaciones respecto de la relación entre la norma que disciplina y la que permite el juego heterónomo de la creatividad de los dominados. Desde la posible articulación con la memoria histórica (De Certeau, pasando por la interiorización de la legalidad en el nivel de las conciencias (Bourdieu, existe un recorrido que es posible analizar y en el cual el trabajo de Michel Foucault nutre la densidad de los argumentos y les sirve como telón de fondo.

  16. FOUCAULT, A HISTÓRIA E A LINGUAGEM EM "AS PALAVRAS E AS COISAS"

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    Tomás Mendonça da Silva Prado

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho investiga o conceito de linguagem em As palavras e as coisas, de Michel Foucault. Buscamos atender às diferentes conjunturas presentes na obra, desde as considerações gerais do prefácio, acerca das noções de "epistémê" e "ordem", até as especificidades de cada época estudada pelo filósofo, com seus respectivos princípios. No Renascimento, o trabalho de Foucault encontra amparo no princípio da semelhança; na época clássica, na representação; e, na modernidade, na história. Além de considerar a linguagem em cada uma dessas diferentes conjunturas, trata-se de esclarecê-la à luz de suas próprias modalidades, como o comentário, o nome e o discurso e à luz dos desafios epistemológicos que com ela são tramados. Finalmente, buscamos esclarecer a relação entre a linguagem e o anúncio foucaultiano de que o fim do homem pode estar próximo.

  17. SAN MICHELE. ENTRE CIELO Y MAR / San Michele, between sky and sea

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    Pablo Blázquez Jesús

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El cementerio es uno de los tipos arquitectónicos más profundos y metafóricos. El concurso para la ampliación del cementerio de San Michele, convocado en 1998 por la administración Municipal de Venecia, se convierte en un excelente campo de pruebas sobre el que poder analizar el contexto histórico en torno a esta tipología, y su relación con la ciudad y el territorio. El estudio de este caso concreto nos permite descubrir personajes, relaciones casuales y hallazgos que se despliegan a lo largo del texto. La historia del cementerio de San Michele es también la crónica de la transformación de la ciudad de Venecia y su Laguna. Interpretando este concurso como un instrumento de investigación, el objetivo del artículo es el de comprender la realidad contemporánea de la arquitectura funeraria a través de la isla de San Michele, Venecia, y las propuestas finalistas de Carlos Ferrater, Enric Miralles y David Chipperfield. Una historia bajo la cual se vislumbran claves que nos sirven para reflexionar acerca del cementerio contemporáneo, la ciudad y el territorio. SUMMARY The cemetery is one of the most profound and metaphorical kinds of architecture. The competition for the extension of the San Michele Cemetery, called in 1998 by the Venice municipal administration, is an excellent testing ground on which to analyse the historical context surrounding this type of architecture, and its relationship with the city and the region. The study of this particular case allows us to uncover characters, casual relationships and findings that unfold throughout the text. The history of the San Michele cemetery is also the chronicle of the transformation of the city of Venice and its Lagoon. Interpreting this competition as a research tool, the aim of the paper is to understand the contemporary reality of funerary architecture through the island of San Michele, Venice, and the finalist proposals of Carlos Ferrater, Enric Miralles and David

  18. Foucault and the rotation of the Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommeria, Joël

    2017-11-01

    In February 1851, Léon Foucault published in the Comptes rendus his famous pendulum experiment performed at the "Observatoire de Paris". This ended two centuries of quest for an experimental demonstration of Earth rotation. One month later, the experiment was reproduced at larger scale in the Panthéon and, as early as the summer of 1851, it was being repeated in many places across the world. The next year, Foucault invented the gyroscope to get a still more direct proof of Earth rotation. The theory relied on the masterpiece treatise of Laplace on celestial mechanics, published in 1805, which already contained the mathematical expression of the force that would be discovered by Gustave Coriolis 30 years later. The idea of a fictitious inertial force proposed by Coriolis prevailed by the end of 19th century, as it was conceptually simpler than Laplace's approach. The full theory of the Foucault pendulum, taking into account its unavoidable imperfections, was not obtained until three decades later by Kamerlingh Onnes, the future discoverer of liquid helium and superconductivity. Today, Foucault's exceptional creativity is still a source of inspiration for research and the promotion of science through experimental proofs widely available to the public.

  19. Praxis and Agency in Foucault's Historiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fendler, Lynn

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the consequences for agency that Foucault's historiographical approach constructs. The analysis begins by explaining the difference between "legislative history" and "exemplary history," drawing parallels to similar theoretical distinctions offered in the works of Max Weber, J.L. Austin, and Zygmunt Bauman. The analysis…

  20. Beneath rationalization: Elias, Foucault, and the body

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Paulle, B.; Emirbayer, M.

    2016-01-01

    Elias and Foucault ended up making the same core discovery about the same fundamental social process, which we term the ‘social constraints towards self-discipline’ process. We show how three distinct biographical and intellectual factors were important in guiding them toward this discovery: (1)

  1. Clausewitz and Foucault: war and power

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    considers what at first sight appears to be Foucault's reversal of Clausewitz, but ... be understood on the basis of "the necessity of combat and the rules of strategy" ... What this joint rejection of the principle of polarity suggests is that neither war.

  2. Foucault's Heterotopia and Children's Everyday Lives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamee, Sara

    2000-01-01

    Discusses Foucault's notion of "heterotopia"--real places but which exist unto themselves, such as a floating ship. Considers data on children's use of computer and video games to apply "heterotopia" to children's everyday social lives. Argues that childhood is subject to increasing boundaries, and that children create…

  3. "Safeguarding" Sports Coaching: Foucault, Genealogy and Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garratt, Dean; Piper, Heather; Taylor, Bill

    2013-01-01

    This paper offers a genealogical account of safeguarding in sport. Drawing specifically on Foucault's work, it examines the "politics of touch" in relation to the social and historical formation of child protection policy in sports coaching. While the analysis has some resonance with the context of coaching as a whole, for illustrative…

  4. Clío, entre Freud y Lacan: El gesto psicoanalítico en Michel de Certeau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Freijomil

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de los años 1970, el historiador francés Michel de Certeau (1925-1986 comenzó a indagar la naturaleza epistemológica de la historiografía a partir de varios campos del saber. Uno de los más importantes ha sido, sin duda, el psicoanálisis. A lo largo de una serie de ensayos publicados en revistas como Annales, Action poétique o Lettres de l'École, de Certeau examinó el legado freudiano, discutió con el Foucault de Historia de la locura y la tradición antropológica de Géza Roheim. De tal modo, lejos de aplicar el psicoanálisis a la historia, de Certeau más bien propuso resituar sus espacios metodológicos a fin de "elucidar" la especificidad de cada disciplina

  5. Seismic shear waves as Foucault pendulum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snieder, Roel; Sens-Schönfelder, Christoph; Ruigrok, Elmer; Shiomi, Katsuhiko

    2016-03-01

    Earth's rotation causes splitting of normal modes. Wave fronts and rays are, however, not affected by Earth's rotation, as we show theoretically and with observations made with USArray. We derive that the Coriolis force causes a small transverse component for P waves and a small longitudinal component for S waves. More importantly, Earth's rotation leads to a slow rotation of the transverse polarization of S waves; during the propagation of S waves the particle motion behaves just like a Foucault pendulum. The polarization plane of shear waves counteracts Earth's rotation and rotates clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere. The rotation rate is independent of the wave frequency and is purely geometric, like the Berry phase. Using the polarization of ScS and ScS2 waves, we show that the Foucault-like rotation of the S wave polarization can be observed. This can affect the determination of source mechanisms and the interpretation of observed SKS splitting.

  6. Hamartia: Foucault and Iran 1978–1979 (1: Introduction and texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann Beukes

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1978 Michel Foucault went to Iran as a distinguished intellectual but novice political journalist, controversially reporting on the unfolding revolution, undeniably compromising and wounding his reputation in the European intellectual community. Given the revolution’s bloody aftermath and its violent theocratic development, is Foucault’s Iranian expedition simply to be understood as hamartia, a critical error in judgement, with disastrous consequences for his legacy? What exactly did Foucault hope to achieve in Iran in 1978 to 1979, explicitly supporting the cause of the revolting masses and effectively isolating himself from the European intellectual community and the Western liberal tradition? This series of two articles attempts to shed light on these questions by, in the first article, 1 introducing and contextualising the philosophical issues and 2 discussing the relevant texts; then, in the second article, 3 elaborating on three explicit contributions (Janet Afary and Kevin Anderson; Ian Almond; and Danny Postel that recently have been made on this neglected issue in Foucault scholarship and 4 eventually indicating the possible philosophical signifi cance of Foucault’s peculiar mixture of naïveté and perceptivity – indeed his peculiar hamartia – regarding the events in Iran. Presenting Foucault as a ‘self-conscious Greek in Persia’, the argument in both articles is that Foucault’s ‘present-historical’ writings on the Iran revolution were closely related to his general theoretical writings on the discourses of power and his cynical perspectives on the inherent risks of modernity. Foucault’s journalistic writings on Iran in 1978 to 1979 are therefore to be appreciated as essentially philosophical contributions to his extensive modern-critical oeuvre. Foucault’s perspectives on power, revolt, Otherness, ‘political spirituality’ and his ‘ethics of Self-discomfort’ may prove to be as significant for an

  7. Michel Houellebecq : un homme, une (soumission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Smeets

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Michel Houellebecq, l’auteur le plus controversé de la littérature française contemporaine, semble s’astreindre à une seule et unique mission : celle d’être « vrai » à n’importe quel prix. Observateur et peintre de la société actuelle dans tous ses états, l’auteur de Soumission s’inscrit dans une tradition littéraire qui remonte au XIXe siècle, prolongeant ainsi les fictions de Balzac, de Zola et de Huysmans. De ses prédécesseurs Houellebecq hérite d’un certain goût pour la controverse, talent qui fait naturellement la pluie et le beau temps dans la presse. Le rôle que jouent la documentation et la figure du célibataire permet de situer l’écrivain dans le sillage de la tradition réalistico-naturaliste.

  8. Michel Houellebecq and the International Sexual Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Morrey

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the notion of an ‘international sexual economy’ in the work of the French writer Michel Houellebecq, and particularly his latest novel, Plateforme (2001. Houellebecq suggests that, since westerners no longer have the time or the inclination to sleep with each other, and since those in the third world have nothing to sell but their bodies, the exchange of cash for sex on a truly international scale is likely to represent the most lucrative sector of the global economy in the coming century. Whilst acknowledging the objections to this idea, the paper shows how it is based in a serious analysis of global capitalism which has something in common with the theoretical work of Jean-François Lyotard, in terms of both the postmodern and the libidinal economies. The paper further suggests that the virulent anti-psychologism of Houellebecq’s often brutal worldview implies a (largely undeclared kinship with Friedrich Nietzsche. Finally, it offers an analysis of the ironic narrative strategies in Plateforme that are interpreted as the consequence of trying to criticize the cultural economy without being able to position oneself outside it.

  9. Words of gratitude to Dr. Michel Huguet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoshikawa, Masaji

    2003-01-01

    It is impossible for the Japanese fusion community, in particular for those associated with the ITER Project,to hear about the retirement of Dr. Michel Huguet without a great amount of gratitude, recollections, warm feelings, and the inevitable sadness. He was a first-generation ITER EDA person. Three months after the signing of the ITER EDA Agreement in July 1992, he arrived at the Naka Joint Work Site as Deputy Director of the ITER Central Team and Head of the site and he stayed for more than ten years. The Naka site was for design and technical co-ordination in the areas of magnets, plasma control and heating, plant systems, buildings, etc. Dr. Huguet was considered a highly qualified person to fill the position, since he had been successful as Deputy Director in similar areas in the JET Joint Undertaking. During the ITER EDA he co-ordinated the R and D activities in areas for which the Naka Joint Work Site was responsible. These R and D results permitted the completion of the ITER design in the above areas under his supervision. We thank Dr. Huguet for his achievements and contributions to ITER. He played a crucial role in establishing the convincing scientific and technical basis for ITER implementation. This was only made possible by his broad abilities and his dedication to the cause of fusion in general and ITER in particular

  10. Repensar la criminología con Luhmann, Lang, Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Nuzzo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El tema que el artículo afronta es: ¿cuál es el objeto de la criminología? Para responder a esta pregunta es necesario analizar el estatuto epistemológico delsaber criminológico. Pero si se busca una respuesta a este problema dentro del debate criminológico, se quedará desilusionado. La criminología parece no darse plenamente cuenta de la necesidad de un método capaz de hacer posible una comprensión de su propio objeto. El autor propone seguir tres caminosque, desde perspectivas diferentes, afrontan el problema fundamental para cada observación social, es decir, el hecho de que cada observación de la sociedad es parte de lo que se quiere describir. El primer recorrido propuesto es la teoría de los sistemas sociales de Niklas Luhmann. Mediante la distinción entre observación de primer y de segundo orden es posible comprender el problema del objeto sin caer en la paradoja de la autoimplicación. El segundo recorrido propuesto es una obra de arte y precisamente el film de Frit Lang M., El monstruo de Dusseldorf. El arte, en efecto, permite ver lo que no podemos ver dentro de los confines de una observación científica. El arte permite rodear el punto ciego de la propia observación. Por último, el tercer recorrido propuesto al lector es la genealogía del poder descrita por Michel Foucault en el curso al College de France de 1974-1975, dedicado a los Anormales Estos tres recorridos permiten comprender desde perspectivas diferentes que la criminología no podrá producir conocimientos suficientemente adecuados a su objeto si no comprende cómo ella misma está siempre implicada en la construcción del objeto que observa.

  11. La perspectiva teórico-metodológica de Foucault. Algunas notas para investigar al "ADHD"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Bianchi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Como objetivo general busco conocer cómo la medicina contribuye a establecer qué es considerado enfermedad. Analizo en particular las condiciones de emergencia y circulación del ADHD -trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad- como trastorno de la conducta en la infancia. En este escrito me propongo introducir algunas de las implicancias y particularidades que se derivan de investigar el fenómeno, haciendo uso de un andamiaje teórico-metodológico subsidiario de los aportes de Michel Foucault. Para ello, reviso una serie de nociones, señalando la pertinencia de su uso para investigar el ADHD. Por tratarse de una presentación preliminar de contenidos, reviste sumo interés ampliar estas primeras argumentaciones, con vistas a generar nuevas hipótesis y líneas de análisis.

  12. Two often disregarded aspects of Foucault's pendulum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pérez, José-Philippe; Pujol, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    This paper revisits the famous Foucault's pendulum by highlighting two often-disregarded aspects in mechanics courses. The first one concerns the existence of a local accelerated reference frame to express the law of dynamics without the Coriolis force. The second aspect deals with the geometrical phase that appears in pendulum dynamics. This last point, which could appear banal, should be related to analogous consideration in quantum physics. It is also linked to vectorial parallel transport of the pendulum angular momentum eigenvector. Numerical simulations with MATLAB are proposed. (paper)

  13. Foucault Dissipation in a Rolling Cylinder: A Webcam Quantitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonanno, A.; Bozzo, G.; Camarca, M.; Sapia, P.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present an experimental strategy to measure the micro power dissipation due to Foucault "eddy" currents in a copper cylinder rolling on two parallel conductive rails in the presence of a magnetic field. Foucault power dissipation is obtained from kinematical measurements carried out by using a common PC webcam and video analysis…

  14. Foucault's Toolbox: Critical Insights for Education and Technology Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hope, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Despite having been a prolific academic, whose work exerts considerable cross-discipline influence, the ideas of Foucault are largely neglected in educational technology scholarship. Having provided an initial brief overview of the sparse use of Foucault's work in this sub-field, this paper then seeks to generate new understandings, arguing that…

  15. Hamartia: Foucault And Iran 1978–1979 (2: Scholarship and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Against the backdrop of the introduction and analysis of Foucault's Iran writings in the fi rst of two articles, this second article attempts to contribute to an understanding of Foucault's involvement in the revolution in Iran (1978–1979) by 1) employing the concluding suggestions in the fi rst article as premises for 2) an analysis ...

  16. Beyond Subjection: Notes on the Later Foucault and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leask, Ian

    2012-01-01

    This article argues against the doxa that Foucault's analysis of education inevitably undermines self-originating ethical intention on the part of teachers or students. By attending to Foucault's lesser known, later work--in particular, the notion of "biopower" and the deepened level of materiality it entails--the article shows how the earlier…

  17. How far can Foucault take us?: an analysis of the changing discourses and limitations of the medical treatment of apoplexy and stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daneski, Katharine; Higgs, Paul; Morgan, Myfanwy

    2011-07-01

    This article examines the conditions under which epistemological shifts in medicine have shaped the history of apoplexy and stroke. Our intention is to understand how stroke medicine as a distinct branch of bio-medicine has emerged in its current form. In doing so, we draw on aspects of the work of Michel Foucault as they relate to fabrication of biomedical discourses. The past 300 years of the transformation of the condition is examined using Michel Foucault's analysis of medical history as instances of the changing spatialization of disease. While the adoption of this approach helped explain how medical practice was shaped by changing interpretations of the causes of apoplexy and stroke over the past few centuries, we also found that there were certain limitations to such an approach. Overall, however, we hope to show that an examination of the history of stroke medicine through a Foucauldian influenced lens can provide a useful understanding of its current circumstances as well as throw light on gaps in Foucauldian approaches themselves.

  18. Hanna Meißner: Jenseits des autonomen Subjekts. Zur gesellschaftlichen Konstitution von Handlungsfähigkeit im Anschluss an Butler, Foucault und Marx. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Schoppengerd

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Die Autorin nimmt feministische und postkoloniale Problematisierungen des Subjektbegriffes auf. Diese implizieren eine grundsätzliche Infragestellung subjektiver, kritischer Handlungsfähigkeit. Um die Vorstellung einer solchen nicht gänzlich verwerfen zu müssen, rekonstruiert sie drei theoretische Perspektiven (Judith Butler, Michel Foucault, Karl Marx mit unterschiedlichen Reichweiten und Gegenständen, die aber gemein haben, subjektive Handlungsfähigkeit gerade als Effekt widersprüchlicher Strukturen zu konzeptionalisieren. Dabei fokussiert sie nicht die – durchaus vorhandenen – Widersprüche zwischen den Ansätzen, sondern stellt sie in Form einer Synopse nebeneinander.The author incorporates feminist and postcolonial problematizations of the subject concept. These imply a fundamental questioning of subjective, critical agency. In order to prevent having to completely reject this concept, she reconstructs three theoretical perspectives (Judith Butler, Michel Foucault, Karl Marx with varying range and focus, which nevertheless indeed share the conceptualization of subjective agency as an effect of contradictory structures. In doing so, she does not focus on the – certainly existing – contradictions between the approaches, but compares them in the form of a synopsis.

  19. Sur le discours et l’histoire en foucault. Entretien avec Jacques Guilhaumou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Welisson Marques

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet entretien inédit, Jaques Guilhaumou parle sur la question du discours et de l´histoire dans la pensée de Michel Foucault en regardant telles questions à partir du belvédère de l’Analyse du Discours selon la perception française. Il commence en présentant un panorama de ses travaux plus actuels et souligne ensuite le rôle décisif de Foucault dans le établissement de une nouvelle relation entre le discours et l´histoire. Dans cette direction, il donne des détails sur quelques influences épistémologiques de la pensée foucaultienne qui viennent surtout de Nietzsche et Koselleck. Comme un grand étudiant de la pensée marxiste, Guilhaumou parle aussi sur le concept de l´ideologie et ses plusières métamorphoses conceptuelles dans autres champs jusqu´au moment de parler sur la question du pouvoir. Il parle quand même sur la problématique de l´analyse des images dans l´Analyse du Discours, une question favorable pour beaucoup des analystes du discours qui s´occupent avec le syncrétisme sémiotique des ses objets dans l´actualité. Enfin, il indique l´existence de une théorie du discours diluée dans la pensée du philosophe.

  20. FOUCAULT: O SILÊNCIO DOS SUJEITOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Bruni

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available Este pequeno estudo mostra como Foucault, ao romper com as filosofias tradicionais do sujeito - o marxismo, o existencialismo, o positivismo -, empenha-se na reconstituição histórico-social das tecnologias da sujeição, sem apontar os caminhos possíveis da libertação dos oprimidos. Crime e loucura surgem como figuras do mal e da desrazão, prisão e manicômio circunscrevem espaços da exclusão total, instituições estratégicas para se compreender os fundamentos da ordem social. Recusando-se a dar voz ao silêncio dos sujeitos, Foucault coloca, de modo radical, a questão da representação, convidando-nos a uma nova reflexão sobre o papel específico do intelectual e do político em geral.

  1. Measurement of the Michel Parameters in Leptonic Tau Decays

    CERN Document Server

    Ackerstaff, K.; Allison, John; Altekamp, N.; Anderson, K.J.; Anderson, S.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Ashby, S.F.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A.H.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, Roger J.; Bartoldus, R.; Batley, J.R.; Baumann, S.; Bechtluft, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, Kenneth Watson; Bella, G.; Bentvelsen, S.; Bethke, S.; Betts, S.; Biebel, O.; Biguzzi, A.; Bird, S.D.; Blobel, V.; Bloodworth, I.J.; Bobinski, M.; Bock, P.; Bohme, J.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brown, Robert M.; Burckhart, H.J.; Burgard, C.; Burgin, R.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R.K.; Carter, A.A.; Carter, J.R.; Chang, C.Y.; Charlton, David G.; Chrisman, D.; Ciocca, C.; Clarke, P.E.L.; Clay, E.; Cohen, I.; Conboy, J.E.; Cooke, O.C.; Couyoumtzelis, C.; Coxe, R.L.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G.Marco; Davis, R.; De Jong, S.; del Pozo, L.A.; de Roeck, A.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Dixit, M.S.; Doucet, M.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I.P.; Eatough, D.; Estabrooks, P.G.; Etzion, E.; Evans, H.G.; Fabbri, F.; Fanfani, A.; Fanti, M.; Faust, A.A.; Fiedler, F.; Fierro, M.; Fischer, H.M.; Fleck, I.; Folman, R.; Furtjes, A.; Futyan, D.I.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J.W.; Gascon, J.; Gascon-Shotkin, S.M.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Geralis, T.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W.R.; Gingrich, D.M.; Glenzinski, D.; Goldberg, J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwe, M.; Hanson, G.G.; Hansroul, M.; Hapke, M.; Hargrove, C.K.; Hartmann, C.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C.M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R.J.; Herndon, M.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R.D.; Hildreth, M.D.; Hill, J.C.; Hillier, S.J.; Hobson, P.R.; Hocker, James Andrew; Homer, R.J.; Honma, A.K.; Horvath, D.; Hossain, K.R.; Howard, R.; Huntemeyer, P.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Imrie, D.C.; Ishii, K.; Jacob, F.R.; Jawahery, A.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Joly, A.; Jones, C.R.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T.R.; Karlen, D.; Kartvelishvili, V.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Kayal, P.I.; Keeler, R.K.; Kellogg, R.G.; Kennedy, B.W.; Klier, A.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Koetke, D.S.; Kokott, T.P.; Kolrep, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kowalewski, Robert V.; Kress, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G.D.; Lanske, D.; Lauber, J.; Lautenschlager, S.R.; Lawson, I.; Layter, J.G.; Lazic, D.; Lee, A.M.; Lefebvre, E.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Liebisch, R.; List, B.; Littlewood, C.; Lloyd, A.W.; Lloyd, S.L.; Loebinger, F.K.; Long, G.D.; Losty, M.J.; Ludwig, J.; Lui, D.; Macchiolo, A.; Macpherson, A.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Markopoulos, C.; Martin, A.J.; Martin, J.P.; Martinez, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mattig, Peter; McDonald, W.John; McKenna, J.; Mckigney, E.A.; McMahon, T.J.; McPherson, R.A.; Meijers, F.; Menke, S.; Merritt, F.S.; Mes, H.; Meyer, J.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D.J.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Neal, H.A.; Nellen, B.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S.W.; Oakham, F.G.; Odorici, F.; Ogren, H.O.; Oreglia, M.J.; Orito, S.; Palinkas, J.; Pasztor, G.; Pater, J.R.; Patrick, G.N.; Patt, J.; Perez-Ochoa, R.; Petzold, S.; Pfeifenschneider, P.; Pilcher, J.E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, David E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Polok, J.; Przybycien, M.; Rembser, C.; Rick, H.; Robertson, S.; Robins, S.A.; Rodning, N.; Roney, J.M.; Roscoe, K.; Rossi, A.M.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D.R.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sahr, O.; Sang, W.M.; Sarkisian, E.K.G.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A.D.; Schaile, O.; Scharf, F.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schmitt, B.; Schmitt, S.; Schoning, A.; Schorner, T.; Schroder, Matthias; Schumacher, M.; Schwick, C.; Scott, W.G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T.G.; Shen, B.C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C.H.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G.P.; Sittler, A.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A.M.; Snow, G.A.; Sobie, R.; Soldner-Rembold, S.; Sproston, M.; Stahl, A.; Stephens, K.; Steuerer, J.; Stoll, K.; Strom, David M.; Strohmer, R.; Tafirout, R.; Talbot, S.D.; Tanaka, S.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Teuscher, R.; Thiergen, M.; Thomson, M.A.; von Torne, E.; Torrence, E.; Towers, S.; Trigger, I.; Trocsanyi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turcot, A.S.; Turner-Watson, M.F.; Van Kooten, Rick J.; Vannerem, P.; Verzocchi, M.; Vikas, P.; Voss, H.; Wackerle, F.; Wagner, A.; Ward, C.P.; Ward, D.R.; Watkins, P.M.; Watson, A.T.; Watson, N.K.; Wells, P.S.; Wermes, N.; White, J.S.; Wilson, G.W.; Wilson, J.A.; Wyatt, T.R.; Yamashita, S.; Yekutieli, G.; Zacek, V.; Zer-Zion, D.

    1999-01-01

    The Michel parameters of the leptonic tau decays are measured using the OPAL detector at LEP. The Michel parameters are extracted from the energy spectra of the charged decay leptons and from their energy-energy correlations. A new method involving a global likelihood fit of Monte Carlo generated events with complete detector simulation and background treatment has been applied to the data recorded at center-of-mass energies close to sqrt(s) = M(Z) corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 155 pb-1 during the years 1990 to 1995. If e-mu universality is assumed and inferring the tau polarization from neutral current data, the measured Michel parameters are extracted. Limits on non-standard coupling constants and on the masses of new gauge bosons are obtained. The results are in agreement with the V-A prediction of the Standard Model.

  2. Foucault at the bedside: a critical analysis of empowering a healthy lifestyle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devisch, Ignaas; Vanheule, Stijn

    2015-06-01

    Since quite a few years, philosophy is heading towards the bedside of the patient: the practice of philosophy has stepped out of its ivory tower, it seems, to deal with empirical or practical questions. Apart from the advantages, we should keep in mind the importance of a critical analysis of medical or clinical practice as such. If ethics partakes the clinical stage, it runs the risk only to discuss the how question and to forget the more fundamental what or why questions: what are we doing exactly and why is it good for? Starting from the principle of the empowerment of the patient, we will demonstrate how the discourse on empowerment in health care seems to forget a profound reflection upon this principle as such. By rehearsing some basics from the governmentality theory of Michel Foucault and the actualization of it by Nicolas Rose, we will argue how philosophical investigation in medical-ethical evolutions such as empowerment of the patient is still needed to understand what is really going on in today's clinical practice. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  3. Pleasure, power and dangerous substances: applying Foucault to the study of 'heroin dependence' in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergschmidt, Viktoria B

    2004-04-01

    Taking the observation of disciplining and controlling everyday practices of methadone substitution as a point of departure, this paper explores the question of what exactly is so threatening or dangerous about heroin and heroin users. Drawing on the work of Michel Foucault and Judith Butler, the main argument of this article is that the danger of heroin use is a discursive construction in accordance with bio-power. On the one hand, the juridical governance of heroin dependence is shifting from punishment to therapy, and biomedical discourses proclaim the substitution of a moral notion of heroin dependence by a disease model. Nevertheless, in the context of the anxiety associated with HIV, heroin remains the dangerous drug par excellence, and heroin users are constructed as 'abject others', unable to subordinate to certain social norms. As a reaction to such injurious ascriptions, I argue, applicants to the methadone programme in their life stories intensely narrate a desire for normalization, which I read as a desire to emerge from the realm of the abject. Both the danger and the pleasure associated with heroin use are bound to fundamental processes of subject formation, which are often ignored in biomedical and anthropological discourses.

  4. Michel Houellebecq uusi inimeksitetsi territooriume kaardistamas / Triinu Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Triinu

    2010-01-01

    Prantsuse kirjaniku Michel Houellebecq uuest romaanist "Kaart ja territoorium" ("La carte et le territoire", "Flammarion"), mille ilmumine on tekitanud palju poleemikat ja püsib mitme maineka kirjandusauhinna pretendentide seas, muuhulgas juba teist vooru Goncourt'i auhinda püüdvate romaanide nimekirjas

  5. Editorial | Michell | Southern African Journal of Critical Care

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Southern African Journal of Critical Care. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 32, No 2 (2016) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. Editorial. Lance Michell. Abstract. Care or burn in ...

  6. An architect for mental health: an appreciation of Michele Tansella.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornicroft, Graham

    2017-06-01

    Michele Tansella, Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Verona, died in 2015. This editorial pays tribute to his contributions to scholarship in the field of psychiatric epidemiology and health service research, and to his highly effective efforts to improve mental healthcare, locally, nationally and internationally. © The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2017.

  7. Analysis of the normal optical, Michel and molecular potentials on ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    6. — journal of. June 2016 physics pp. 1275–1286. Analysis of the normal ... the levels are obtained for the three optical potentials to estimate the quality ... The experimental angular distribution data for the 40Ca(6Li, d)44Ti reaction .... analysed using the normal optical, Michel and molecular potentials within the framework.

  8. The Foucault Effect in Organization Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raffnsøe, Sverre; Mennicken, Andrea; Miller, Peter

    2017-01-01

    s. Here, an important body of international research investigating governmental technologies operating on subjects as free persons in sites such as education, accounting, medicine and psychiatry emerged. The fourth and last wave arose out of a critical engagement with earlier Foucauldian......Since the establishment of Organization Studies in 1980, Michel Foucault’s oeuvre has had a remarkable and continuing influence on its field. This article traces the different ways in which organizational scholars have engaged with Foucault’s writings over the past thirty years or so. We identify...... of the twentieth century, the second wave led to a focus on discourses as intermediaries that condition ways of viewing and acting. This wave drew mainly on Foucault’s early writings on language and discourse. The third wave was inspired by Foucault’s seminal lectures on governmentality towards the end of the 1970...

  9. Precessional Periods of Long and Short Foucault Pendulums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soga, Michitoshi

    1978-01-01

    Derives the precessional period of a Foucault pendulum without using small oscillation amplitudes. Shows that if the path of the pendulum passes through the origin, the periods for differing amplitudes are essentially the same. (GA)

  10. Review: Hanna Meißner (2010. Jenseits des autonomen Subjekts. Zur gesellschaftlichen Konstitution von Handlungsfähigkeit [Beyond Human Autonomy. The Social Constitution of Agency Based on Butler, Foucault and Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Pfahl

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on the theories of Judith BUTLER, Michel FOUCAULT, and Karl MARX, Hanna MEIßNER analyzes the historical, legal and social conditions of the emergence of subjectivity. She establishes a critical understanding of human autonomy and the potential of practices of resistance in the context of existing conditions. Both MEIßNER's analytical structure and her precise argumentation are convincing. By highlighting the relationship of individual self-determination and collective welfare, this study provides helpful links to different theoretical approaches, particularly to the emerging disciplines of disability studies and diversity studies in Germany. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1202181

  11. [The history of the psychiatry not told by Foucault].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Fernando Ferreira Pinto de

    2004-01-01

    The article proposes a revision of the approach to madness and the birth of the psychiatric institution taken by Foucault in History of Madness. The hypothesis is that the origins of modern Psychiatry revolutionize the approach to madness by proposing it is possible to dialogue with the insane, because the madman is not someone who has lost his reason . It is hoped that this critique of Foucault's book will be a contribution to the process of psychiatric reform currently underway in Brazil.

  12. Para que serve uma subjetividade? Foucault, tempo e corpo What a subjectivity is useful for? Foucault, time and body

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Rebello Cardoso Jr.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo procura retomar a mudança de rumo da obra de Foucault que determinou o enfoque sobre a subjetividade, sobretudo nos dois últimos volumes de História da Sexualidade. Com isso, nossa atenção volta-se para os marcos da definição de subjetividade como processo ou prática, que são a relação com o tempo e a dimensão transformacional ou criativa do corpo. Tal investigação conceitual sobre a subjetividade em Foucault procura indicar, outrossim, de que maneira a criação filosófica está relacionada ao modo de vida ou estilo de um filósofo. O pensamento derradeiro de Foucault é consistente com o estilo que ele vinha construindo no decorrer de sua obra, de modo que se discute a invectiva de que esta última fase, por razões várias, seria o lugar de um retorno do sujeito ou do homem que Foucault havia negado anteriormente.The present article main proposition focuses on the turn made by Foucault when he takes into a new account the theme of the subjectivity, above all in the last two volumes of History of the Sexuality. Henceforth, our attention retraces the two characters of the subjectivity definition as a process or practice, it means, our relationship with the time and the creative or transformative dimension of the body. We argue, then, against the assertion that Foucault's last issue would imply the return of the subject or of the man that he had previously denied, that the last Foucault is consistent with the style that he had been building throughout his past books.

  13. Scientia sexualis versus ars erotica: Foucault, van Gulik, Needham.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Leon Antonio

    2011-09-01

    This paper begins with a discussion of the scientia sexualis/ars erotica distinction, which Foucault first advances in History of Sexuality Vol. 1, and which has been employed by many scholars to do a variety of analytical work. Though Foucault has expressed his doubts regarding his conceptualization of the differences between Western and Eastern discourses of desire, he never entirely disowns the distinction. In fact, Foucault remains convinced that China must have an ars erotica. I will explore Foucault's sources of authority. To this end, I introduce the work of famous Dutch sinologist Robert Hans van Gulik, who published the tremendously influential Sexual Life in Ancient China in 1961, and also explore Joseph Needham's view on Chinese sex. I argue that, Foucault, in his fierce polemic against the "Repressive Hypothesis", himself imagined a utopian Other where pleasure and desire were organised differently. I end on a discuss on Orientalism and the project of "Sinography" of comparative literature scholars Haun Saussy, Eric Hayot and others. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Detenção: As relações de poder entre encarcerados e carcereiros a partir dos estudos de Goffman e Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Gondar Hildenbrand

    2014-12-01

    O artigo tem a proposta de discutir as relações de poder entre encarcerados e carcereiros nas instituições penais a partir do filme Detenção (The Experiment, 2010, EUA, de Paul Scheuring. Partimos dos conceitos “instituição total” e “forma-prisão” estabelecidos por Erving Goffman e Michel Foucault, respectivamente, a fim de refletirmos sobre a forma pela qual o poder é estabelecido e exercido entre e dentro desses dois grupos (encarcerados e carcereiros. A partir do filme buscamos observar as consequências do poder cedido pela instituição aos carcereiros, tidos aqui como uma equipe dirigente, e de que forma esse mesmo poder age no grupo dos prisioneiros levando-o progressivamente à modificação da subjetividade enquanto anulação do eu civil.

  15. Foucault versus Habermas: Modernity as an unfinished endeavor vs. the theory of power: An inevitable conflict or possibility of communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivković Marjan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the possibility of detecting points of contact between Michel Foucault’s theory of power and the theory of communicative agency formed by Jurgen Habermas. In the beginning, the development of the philosophical discourse of modernity, which Habermas analyzes in his work bearing the same title, is laid out, with the aim to gain insight into the nature of Habermas’s critique of Foucault. After having reviewed some of the basis of Foucault’s theory, the author points out Habermas’s depiction of the theory of power as the pinnacle of Nietzschean, anti - modernist stream of the philosophical discourse. The critique is based on Habermas’s assumption that Foucault’s analyses of power fails to comprehend the complexity of modernity. Foucault, according to Habermas, over - emphasizes one dimension of the process of modernization - gradual strengthening of the disciplinatory power based on the "control of the spirit". The author, however, wishes to point out the importance the theory of power ascribes to the preservation of insight into the complexity of history. Through the insight into multiple and divergent nature of historical processes that are responsible for the formation of modern society, the individual becomes historically self - conscious and able to step out of the paradigm of self - relating subject. As the theory of communicative agency also tends to transcend the "limits of the subject - philosophy", the author concludes that Foucault’s work is, to the same extent as Habermas’s, imbued with the idea of "modernity as an unrealized undertaking". Towards the end of the paper the author analyzes Foucault’s relation to Enlightenment, in order to show the essentially modern nature of his thought.

  16. Foucault imaging by using non-dedicated transmission electron microscope

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taniguchi, Yoshifumi; Matsumoto, Hiroaki; Harada, Ken

    2012-01-01

    An electron optical system for observing Foucault images was constructed using a conventional transmission electron microscope without any special equipment for Lorentz microscopy. The objective lens was switched off and an electron beam was converged by a condenser optical system to the crossover on the selected area aperture plane. The selected area aperture was used as an objective aperture to select the deflected beam for Foucault mode, and the successive image-forming lenses were controlled for observation of the specimen images. The irradiation area on the specimen was controlled by selecting the appropriate diameter of the condenser aperture.

  17. Foucault imaging by using non-dedicated transmission electron microscope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Yoshifumi; Matsumoto, Hiroaki; Harada, Ken

    2012-08-01

    An electron optical system for observing Foucault images was constructed using a conventional transmission electron microscope without any special equipment for Lorentz microscopy. The objective lens was switched off and an electron beam was converged by a condenser optical system to the crossover on the selected area aperture plane. The selected area aperture was used as an objective aperture to select the deflected beam for Foucault mode, and the successive image-forming lenses were controlled for observation of the specimen images. The irradiation area on the specimen was controlled by selecting the appropriate diameter of the condenser aperture.

  18. Foucault imaging by using non-dedicated transmission electron microscope

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taniguchi, Yoshifumi [Science and Medical Systems Business Group, Hitachi High-Technologies Corp., Ichige, Hitachinaka, Ibaraki 312-8504 (Japan); Matsumoto, Hiroaki [Corporate Manufacturing Strategy Group, Hitachi High-Technologies Corp., Ishikawa-cho, Hitachinaka, Ibaraki 312-1991 (Japan); Harada, Ken [Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd., Hatoyama, Saitama 350-0395 (Japan)

    2012-08-27

    An electron optical system for observing Foucault images was constructed using a conventional transmission electron microscope without any special equipment for Lorentz microscopy. The objective lens was switched off and an electron beam was converged by a condenser optical system to the crossover on the selected area aperture plane. The selected area aperture was used as an objective aperture to select the deflected beam for Foucault mode, and the successive image-forming lenses were controlled for observation of the specimen images. The irradiation area on the specimen was controlled by selecting the appropriate diameter of the condenser aperture.

  19. Subjetividade e verdade no último Foucault Subjectivity and truth in the late Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar Candiotto

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A constituição do sujeito na investigação do último Foucault geralmente é conhecida pela perspectiva de sua estética da existência. Tal abordagem deve-se sobremaneira à leitura dos dois últimos volumes de Histoire de la sexualité (1984. No entanto, o presente artigo aponta que nos cursos no Collège de France intitulados Subjectivité et verité (1981 e L'herméneutique du sujet (1982 outra leitura pode ser elaborada. A relação entre subjetividade e verdade evidencia-se como central em seu pensamento e seus desdobramentos são apresentados a partir das diferenças estabelecidas entre filosofia e espiritualidade, das articulações entre cuidado de si e conhecimento de si, conhecimentos úteis e inúteis, cuidado de si e conversão a si, ascese e verdade.The constitution of the subject in the investigation of the late Foucault is generally dealt with through the perspective of his aesthetics of existence. Such approach is mainly due to the reading of the two last volumes of The History of Sexuality (1984. However, the present article points out that in his Collège de France courses entitled Subjectivity and Truth (1981 and The Hermeneutics of the Subject (1982, a different reading can be elaborated. The relation between subjectivity and truth is evidently central in his thinking and its developments are presented from the differences established between philosophy and spirituality, from the articulations between care of the self and knowledge of the self, useful knowledge and useless knowledge, care of the self and conversion to the self, asceticism and truth.

  20. Determination of the Michel parameter in tau decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Harder, G.; Krueger, A.; Nau, A.; Nilsson, A.W.; Nippe, A.; Oest, T.; Reidenbach, M.; Schaefer, M.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Sefkow, F.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Drescher, A.; Hast, C.; Herrera, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Scheck, H.; Schieber, M.; Schweda, G.; Spaan, B.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; MacFarlane, D.B.; McLean, K.W.; Patel, P.M.; Tsipolitis, G.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Krieger, P.; Kutschke, R.; Orr, R.S.; Parsons, J.A.; Prentice, J.D.; Seidel, S.C.; Yoon, T.S.; Edwards, K.W.; Kapitza, H.; Ruf, T.; Schael, S.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.

    1990-01-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the DORIS II e + e - storage ring we have studied the electron and muon energy spectra in τ - →e - νanti ν and τ - →μ - νanti ν. The measured value of the Michel parameter, ρ=0.742±0.035±0.020, is in good agreement with a standard V-A coupling at the τ-ν τ -W vertex. Pure V, A and V+A couplings are completely excluded by this measurement. Upper limits have been obtained for two-body tau decays, including final states with a Goldstone boson. (orig.)

  1. Interpreting Foucault: An Evaluation of a Foucauldian Critique of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woermann, Minka

    2012-01-01

    The potential strengths and weaknesses of a Foucauldian critique of education are discussed and evaluated. The article focuses specifically on the value of Foucault's work for critiquing social and political ideologies prevalent in education, which is understood as a societal institution, and hence, as a modern regime of institutional power. In…

  2. 'Surveillance and cultural Panopticism': situating Foucault in African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This work utilizes Foucault's theory of panopticism to reflect on the challenges of social control and harmony in contemporary African society. It establishes the link between panopticism and indigenous African cultures from the fact that indigenous societies deployed mechanisms of instituting social control and harmony ...

  3. Optical Foucault Pendulum: photons and the Coriolis effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Charles; Selvaggi, Richard

    2012-10-01

    Consider the motion of photons within a rotating photon clock. Will light behave as a particle as it reflects back and forth between two parallel mirrors rotating in a manner similar to the motion of a Foucault pendulum? An experiment to measure the trajectory of light in a rotating cavity is presented. Implementation details for this experiment and initial data collected are also reported.

  4. Interpreting Foucault: an evaluation of a Foucauldian critique of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The potential strengths and weaknesses of a Foucauldian critique of education are discussed and evaluated. The article focuses specifically on the value of Foucault's work for critiquing social and political ideologies prevalent in education, which is understood as a societal institution, and hence, as a modern regime of ...

  5. Dalla biopolitica all’etopolitica: Foucault e noi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Tarizzo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available La categoria di "società della normalizzazione", proposta da Foucault, non è più in grado di descrivere il funzionamento delle società contemporanee. La logica e la matematica della normalizzazione sono state rimpiazzate dalla logica e dalla matematica dell'ottimizzazione. Questo passaggio storico segna la nascita dell'etopolitica.

  6. From "Animal Machines" to "Happy Meat"? Foucault's Ideas of Disciplinary and Pastoral Power Applied to 'Animal-Centred' Welfare Discourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Matthew

    2011-01-11

    Michel Foucault's work traces shifting techniques in the governance of humans, from the production of 'docile bodies' subjected to the knowledge formations of the human sciences (disciplinary power), to the facilitation of self-governing agents directed towards specified forms of self-knowledge by quasi-therapeutic authorities (pastoral power). While mindful of the important differences between the governance of human subjects and the oppression of nonhuman animals, exemplified in nonhuman animals' legal status as property, this paper explores parallel shifts from disciplinary to pastoral regimes of human-'farmed' animal relations. Recent innovations in 'animal-centred' welfare science represent a trend away from the 'disciplinary' techniques of confinement and torture associated with 'factory farms' and towards quasi-therapeutic ways of claiming to know 'farmed' animals, in which the animals themselves are co-opted into the processes by which knowledge about them is generated. The new pastoral turn in 'animal-centred' welfare finds popular expression in 'happy meat' discourses that invite 'consumers' to adopt a position of vicarious carer for the 'farmed' animals who they eat. The paper concludes that while 'animal-centred' welfare reform and 'happy meat' discourses promise a possibility of a somewhat less degraded life for some 'farmed' animals, they do so by perpetuating exploitation and oppression and entrenching speciesist privilege by making it less vulnerable to critical scrutiny.

  7. Resisting the seduction of "ethics creep": using Foucault to surface complexity and contradiction in research ethics review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guta, Adrian; Nixon, Stephanie A; Wilson, Michael G

    2013-12-01

    In this paper we examine "ethics creep", a concept developed by Haggerty (2004) to account for the increasing bureaucratization of research ethics boards and institutional review boards (REB/IRBs) and the expanding reach of ethics review. We start with an overview of the recent surge of academic interest in ethics creep and similar arguments about the prohibitive effect of ethics review. We then introduce elements of Michel Foucault's theoretical framework which are used to inform our analysis of empirical data drawn from a multi-phase study exploring the accessibility of community-engaged research within existing ethics review structures in Canada. First, we present how ethics creep emerged both explicitly and implicitly in our data. We then present data that demonstrate how REB/IRBs are experiencing their own form of regulation. Finally, we present data that situate ethics review alongside other trends affecting the academy. Our results show that ethics review is growing in some ways while simultaneously being constrained in others. Drawing on Foucauldian theory we reframe ethics creep as a repressive hypothesis which belies the complexity of the phenomenon it purports to explain. Our discussion complicates ethics creep by proposing an understanding of REB/IRBs that locates them at the intersection of various neoliberal discourses about the role of science, ethics, and knowledge production. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Symmetries in nature the scientific heritage of Louis Michel

    CERN Document Server

    Todorov, Ivan; Zhilinskii, Boris

    2014-01-01

    Reflecting the oeuvre of “a man of two cultures: the culture of pure mathematics and the culture of theoretical physics” (in the words of his long time friend and co-author, Kameshwar Wali), this volume is centred around the notion of symmetry and its breaking. Starting with particle physics, the content proceeds to symmetries of matter, defects, and crystals. The mathematics of group extensions, non-linear group action, critical orbits and phase transitions is developed along the way. The symmetry principles and general mathematical tools provide unity in the treatment of different topics. The papers and lecture notes are preceded by a lively biography of Louis Michel and a commentary that relates his selected works both to the physics of his time and to contemporary trends. This book should be of interest to theoretical physicists, chemists, applied mathematicians and historians of science, and is accessible to graduate (and advanced undergraduate) students.

  9. Introduction to Louis Michel's lattice geometry through group action

    CERN Document Server

    Zhilinskii, Boris

    2015-01-01

    Group action analysis developed and applied mainly by Louis Michel to the study of N-dimensional periodic lattices is the central subject of the book. Different basic mathematical tools currently used for the description of lattice geometry are introduced and illustrated through applications to crystal structures in two- and three-dimensional space, to abstract multi-dimensional lattices and to lattices associated with integrable dynamical systems. Starting from general Delone sets the authors turn to different symmetry and topological classifications including explicit construction of orbifolds for two- and three-dimensional point and space groups. Voronoï and Delone cells together with positive quadratic forms and lattice description by root systems are introduced to demonstrate alternative approaches to lattice geometry study. Zonotopes and zonohedral families of 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-dimensional lattices are explicitly visualized using graph theory approach. Along with crystallographic applications, qualitative ...

  10. STS-93 M.S. Michel Tognini in white room

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    STS-93 Mission Specialist Michel Tognini of France is checked out by white room closeout crew members before entering the orbiter Columbia. Tognini is with the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). The white room is an environmental chamber at the end of the orbiter access arm that provides entry to the orbiter crew compartment. STS-93 is a five-day mission primarily to release the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. After Space Shuttle Columbia's July 20 and 22 launch attempts were scrubbed, the launch was again rescheduled for Friday, July 23, at 12:24 a.m. EDT. The target landing date is July 27 at 11:20 p.m. EDT.

  11. On the (non-)optimality of Michell structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sigmund, Ole; Aage, Niels; Andreassen, Erik

    2016-01-01

    Optimal analytical Michell frame structures have been extensively used as benchmark examples in topology optimization, including truss, frame, homogenization, density and level-set based approaches. However, as we will point out, partly the interpretation of Michell’s structural continua...... as discrete frame structures is not accurate and partly, it turns out that limiting structural topology to frame-like structures is a rather severe design restriction and results in structures that are quite far from being stiffness optimal. The paper discusses the interpretation of Michell’s theory...... in the context of numerical topology optimization and compares various topology optimization results obtained with the frame restriction to cases with no design restrictions. For all examples considered, the true stiffness optimal structures are composed of sheets (2D) or closed-walled shell structures (3D...

  12. The Politics of the Gaze Foucault, Lacan and Zizek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Krips

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Joan Copjec accuses orthodox film theory of misrepresenting the Lacanian gaze by assimilating it to Foucauldian panopticon (Copjec 1994: 18-19. Although Copjec is correct that orthodox film theory misrepresents the Lacanian gaze, she, in turn, misrepresents Foucault by choosing to focus exclusively upon those as-pects of his work on the panopticon that have been taken up by orthodox film the-ory (Copjec 1994: 4. In so doing, I argue, Copjec misses key parallels between the Lacanian and Foucauldian concepts of the gaze. More than a narrow academic dispute about how to read Foucault and Lacan, this debate has wider political sig-nificance. In particular, using Slavoj Zizek's work, I show that a correct account of the panoptic gaze leads us to rethink the question of how to oppose modern techniques of surveillance.

  13. Foucault's pendulum, a classical analog for the electron spin state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linck, Rebecca A.

    Spin has long been regarded as a fundamentally quantum phenomena that is incapable of being described classically. To bridge the gap and show that aspects of spin's quantum nature can be described classically, this work uses a classical Lagrangian based on the coupled oscillations of Foucault's pendulum as an analog for the electron spin state in an external magnetic field. With this analog it is possible to demonstrate that Foucault's pendulum not only serves as a basis for explaining geometric phase, but is also a basis for reproducing a broad range of behavior from Zeeman-like frequency splitting to precession of the spin state. By demonstrating that unmeasured electron spin states can be fully described in classical terms, this research opens the door to using the tools of classical physics to examine an inherently quantum phenomenon.

  14. Uma atualidade in extremis: Foucault entre Marx e o neoliberalismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilton Ken Ota

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A participação de Foucault no GIP marcou o momento de constituição de sua teoria estratégica das lutas no contexto de uma interlocução com militantes marxistas. O enfraquecimento dessa interlocução foi acompanhado pelo início das pesquisas genealógicas e por uma reformulação conceitual que dispersou o problema da racionalidade estratégica em benefício da construção de uma discursividade propriamente teórica. As controvérsias atuais ao redor dos sentidos do legado foucaultiano, cujo movimento pendular tem variado entre Marx e o neoliberalismo, revelam os efeitos de uma trajetória intelectual que se dividiu entre a reflexão crítica do combate concreto e a elaboração conceitual de um experimentalismo radical. Este artigo pretende reconstruir os principais pontos e conformações teóricas dessa trajetória. The participation of Foucault in GIP marked the moment of creation of strategic theory about the struggles in the context of a dialogue with Marxist militants. The weakening of that dialogue was accompanied by the start of genealogical research and, consequently, a conceptual reformulation which, among other changes, dispersed the problem of strategic rationality for the construction of a properly theoretical discursiveness. The current controversy surrounding the way the Foucault's legacy, whose pendulum has varied between Marx and neo-liberalism, reveal the effects of an intellectual journey that was divided between the critical reflection of the actual combat and the conceptual formulation of a radical experimentalism. The article An Actuality in extremis: Foucault Between Marx and Neoliberalism aims to reconstruct the main points and theoretical conformations that trajectory.Keywords: Marxism, strategy, neoliberalism, engagement, intellectuals

  15. Hacking's 'Between Goffman and Foucault': A Theoretical Frame for Criminology

    OpenAIRE

    Tomás Speziale

    2017-01-01

    This paper aims to analyse how Ian Hacking states the theoretical basis of his research on the classification of people. Although all his early philosophical education had been based in Foucault, it is also true that Erving Goffman’s perspective provided him with epistemological and methodological tools for understanding face-to-face relationships. Hence, all his works must be thought of as social science texts that combine the research on how the individuals are constitu...

  16. Wavefront-error evaluation by mathematical analysis of experimental Foucault-test data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, R. G.

    1975-01-01

    The diffraction theory of the Foucault test provides an integral formula expressing the complex amplitude and irradiance distribution in the Foucault pattern of a test mirror (lens) as a function of wavefront error. Recent literature presents methods of inverting this formula to express wavefront error in terms of irradiance in the Foucault pattern. The present paper describes a study in which the inversion formulation was applied to photometric Foucault-test measurements on a nearly diffraction-limited mirror to determine wavefront errors for direct comparison with ones determined from scatter-plate interferometer measurements. The results affirm the practicability of the Foucault test for quantitative wavefront analysis of very small errors, and they reveal the fallacy of the prevalent belief that the test is limited to qualitative use only. Implications of the results with regard to optical testing and the potential use of the Foucault test for wavefront analysis in orbital space telescopes are discussed.

  17. Foucault and the 'Anti-Oedipus movement': psychoanalysis as disciplinary power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basaure, Mauro

    2009-09-01

    What psychiatry was for the anti-psychiatry movement, psychoanalysis was for the French 'Anti-Oedipus movement' represented by Robert Castel, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari. Until now, the contribution of Foucault to this critical movement has been little known. In this paper I reconstruct in a systematic and exhaustive way Foucault's critique of psychoanalysis and, in particular, of the Oedipus-complex theory. I demonstrate that this critique presupposes a very specific epistemology and social theory. On an epistemological level, Foucault focuses on the power effects of psychoanalysis as a discourse of subjectivity. On a social-theoretical level, Foucault assumes a functionalist conception of society. These two aspects of Foucault's critique of psychoanalysis have not been adequately recognized in the discussion about his relationship to psychoanalysis (Derrida, Miller, Whitebook, among others). I argue that a fruitful dialogue between a Foucault-inspired critical social theory and psychoanalysis can take place only if these two distinct aspects are taken into account.

  18. La metáfora topológica en la constitución del espacio heterotópico en Michel Foucault

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Aponte, Rodrigo

    2011-01-01

    Este texto plantea el problema del sujeto que vive entre espacios cerrados. Esto significa que la experiencia de vida, es una experiencia de espacios contradictorios. Puntualmente, estos espacios llevan el nombre de heterotopía. El propósito de este trabajo es indagar por las figuras topológicas que están presentes en los planteamientos del filósofo francés

  19. Muslim women in the western media: Foucault, agency, governmentality and ethics

    OpenAIRE

    Vintges, K.

    2012-01-01

    This article compares the ways in which Saba Mahmood’s The Politics of Piety (2005) and Cressida Heyes’ Self-Transformations: Foucault, Ethics, and Normalization (2007), unlike current governmentality studies, employ the later Foucault’s ethical theory. By explaining the theoretical framework of the ‘middle’ Foucault (governmentality and agency) and the ‘later’ Foucault (ethics and agency) and then comparing Mahmood and Heyes’ use of Foucault’s work, it is argued that Mahmood and Heyes’ analy...

  20. A measurement of the tau Michel parameters at SLD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quigley, J.

    1997-05-01

    This thesis presents a measurement of the tau Michel parameters. This measurement utilizes the highly polarized SLC electron beam to extract these quantities directly from the measured tau decay spectra using the 1993--95 SLD sample of 4,528 tau pair events. The results are ρ e = 0.71 ± 0.14 ± 0.05, ξ e = 1.16 ± 0.52 ± 0.06, and (ξδ) e = 0.85 ± 0.43 ± 0.08 for tau decays to electrons and ρ μ = 0.54 ± 0.28 - 0.14, η μ = -0.59 ± 0.82 ± 0.45, ξ μ = 0.75 ± 0.50 ± 0.14, and (ξδ) μ = 0.82 ± 0.32 ± 0.07 for tau decays to muons. Combining all leptonic tau decays gives ρ = 0.72 ± 0.09 ± 0.03, ξ = 1.05 ± 0.35 ± 0.04, and Ξδ = 0.88 ± 0.27 ± 0.04. These results agree well with the current world average and the Standard Model

  1. Puud pillavad koort, kirjanikud tekste : Michel Butor Oklahomas / Ivar Ivask ; tõlkinud Mart Kuldkepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ivask, Ivar, 1927-1992

    2010-01-01

    Michel Butor külastas 1971-1981 Oklahoma Ülikooli kolmel korral: 1971 esines loengutega, 1974 kuulus Neustadti kirjandusauhinna žüriisse ning 1981 toimus ülikoolis tema loomingule pühendatud Puterbaugh' konverents

  2. Note: A 1-m Foucault pendulum rolling on a ball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salva, H. R.; Benavides, R. E.; Venturino, J. A.; Cuscueta, D. J.; Ghilarducci, A. A.

    2013-10-01

    We have built a short Foucault pendulum of 1-m length. The aim of this work was to increase the sensitivity to elliptical trajectories from other longer pendula. The design was a semi-rigid pendulum that rolls over a small ball. The measurements of the movements (azimuth and elliptical trajectory) were done by an optical method. The resulting pendulum works in a medium satisfactory way due to problems of the correct choice of the mass of the bob together with the diameter of the supporting ball. It is also important to keep the rolling surface very clean.

  3. Foucault's Pendulum, Analog for an Electron Spin State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linck, Rebecca

    2012-11-01

    The classical Lagrangian that describes the coupled oscillations of Foucault's pendulum presents an interesting analog to an electron's spin state in an external magnetic field. With a simple modification, this classical Lagrangian yields equations of motion that directly map onto the Schrodinger-Pauli Equation. This analog goes well beyond the geometric phase, reproducing a broad range of behavior from Zeeman-like frequency splitting to precession of the spin state. By demonstrating that unmeasured spin states can be fully described in classical terms, this research opens the door to using the tools of classical physics to examine an inherently quantum phenomenon.

  4. Foucault current testing of ferritic steel fuel cans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stossel, A.

    1984-10-01

    The analysis of impedance involved by a Foucault current test of ferritic steel tubes, is quite different from the classical analysis which refers to non-magnetic tubes; more particularly, volume defects are considered as magnetic anomalies. Contrarily to current instructions which recommend to test the product in a satured magnetic state, it is very interesting to work with a continuous energizing field, comparatively low, corresponding to a sequenced magnetization, of which value is obtained according to the magnetic structure of the product. This analysis is useful when testing fast reactor fuel cans [fr

  5. What Can I Do? Foucault on Freedom and the Question of Teacher Agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pignatelli, Frank

    1993-01-01

    Discusses aspects of Foucault's philosophy that demonstrate the intensity of his concern for freedom. The paper examines the significance of freedom regarding teacher agency and suggests that Foucault's project of freedom can inform current discussion about educational reform and school restructuring, particularly regarding teachers' roles as…

  6. Foucault, Governmentality, Neoliberalism and Adult Education--Perspective on the Normalization of Social Risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopecký, Martin

    2011-01-01

    The article deals with the relevance of the work of Foucault to critical analysis of the political concept of lifelong learning that currently dominates. This concept relates to the field of adult education and learning. The article makes reference to the relatively late incorporation of Foucault's work within andragogy. It shows the…

  7. Discourse, Complexity, Normativity: Tracing the Elaboration of Foucault's Materialist Concept of Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olssen, Mark

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I want to suggest that it is through the elaboration of the concept of discourse that the differences between Foucault and thinkers like Habermas, Hegel and Marx can best be understood. Foucault progressively develops a conception of discourse as a purely historical category that resists all reference to transcendental principles…

  8. Structuralism, Post-Structuralism, and Neo-Liberalism: Assessing Foucault's Legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olssen, Mark

    2003-01-01

    Traces Foucault's distinctive commitment to "post-structuralism." Argues that under the influence of Nietzsche, Foucault's approach marks a distinct break with structuralism in several crucial aspects. What results is a materialist post-structuralism that is also distinctively different from the post-structuralism of Derrida, Lyotard,…

  9. The Archaeology of Heroes: Carlyle, Foucault and the Pedagogy of Interdisciplinary Narrative Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Louise

    2017-01-01

    This paper argues in favour of the beneficial currency of Thomas Carlyle's "On Heroes, Hero-worship and the Heroic in History" in three ways, each of which finds the basis of its critique in aspects of Foucault's theories of discursive practice, as explored in Foucault's theories of historical discourse; 1) that Carlyle's terminology…

  10. Foucault as Complexity Theorist: Overcoming the Problems of Classical Philosophical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olssen, Mark

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the affinities and parallels between Foucault's Nietzschean view of history and models of complexity developed in the physical sciences in the twentieth century. It claims that Foucault's rejection of structuralism and Marxism can be explained as a consequence of his own approach which posits a radical ontology whereby the…

  11. Hamartia: Foucault and Iran 1978–1979 (1: Introduction and texts ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    perspectives on the inherent risks of modernity. Foucault's journalistic writings on Iran in 1978 to 1979 are therefore to be appreciated as essentially philosophical contributions to his extensive modern-critical oeuvre. Foucault's perspectives on power, revolt, Otherness, 'political spirituality' and his 'ethics of Self-discomfort' ...

  12. Individual perception and cultural development: Foucault's 1954 approach to mental illness and its history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joranger, Line

    2016-02-01

    In his 1954 book Mental Illness and Personality Foucault combines the subjective experience of the mentally ill person with a sociocultural historical approach to mental illness and suggests that there exists a reciprocal connection between individual perception and sociocultural development. This article examines the ramifications of these connections in Foucault's 1954 works and the connection with his later historical works. The article also examines the similarities between Foucault's 1954 thoughts and contemporary intellectual thought, such as those outlined in Maurice Merleau-Ponty's existential phenomenology and in Gaston Bachelard and Georges Canguilhem's historical epistemology. In sum, my study shows that Foucault's historical analysis began long before his 1961 dissertation History of Madness. It also shows that, more than announcing the "death" of the subject, Foucault's historical analysis may have contributed to saving it. (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Foucault dissipation in a rolling cylinder: a webcam quantitative study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonanno, A; Bozzo, G; Camarca, M; Sapia, P

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present an experimental strategy to measure the micro power dissipation due to Foucault 'eddy' currents in a copper cylinder rolling on two parallel conductive rails in the presence of a magnetic field. Foucault power dissipation is obtained from kinematical measurements carried out by using a common PC webcam and video analysis done by means of software tools freely available within Windows operating system (Paint and Movie Maker). The proposed method allows us to experimentally discern the contribution to dissipation due to the velocity-independent rolling friction from that owed to the viscous-like friction emerging from complex electrodynamic interactions among eddy currents and the external magnetic field. In this way a microdissipation of some tens of μW is measured. The easily reproducible experimental setup, the simple implementation of data analysis and the discussion on various experimental approaches and strategies make the proposed activity highly significant for university undergraduates, since involved crucial skills can be efficiently strengthened.

  14. Foucault dissipation in a rolling cylinder: a webcam quantitative study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonanno, A; Bozzo, G; Camarca, M; Sapia, P, E-mail: sapia@fis.unical.it [Physics Department, University of Calabria, I-87036 Rende, CS (Italy)

    2011-03-15

    In this paper we present an experimental strategy to measure the micro power dissipation due to Foucault 'eddy' currents in a copper cylinder rolling on two parallel conductive rails in the presence of a magnetic field. Foucault power dissipation is obtained from kinematical measurements carried out by using a common PC webcam and video analysis done by means of software tools freely available within Windows operating system (Paint and Movie Maker). The proposed method allows us to experimentally discern the contribution to dissipation due to the velocity-independent rolling friction from that owed to the viscous-like friction emerging from complex electrodynamic interactions among eddy currents and the external magnetic field. In this way a microdissipation of some tens of {mu}W is measured. The easily reproducible experimental setup, the simple implementation of data analysis and the discussion on various experimental approaches and strategies make the proposed activity highly significant for university undergraduates, since involved crucial skills can be efficiently strengthened.

  15. On the Political Genealogy of Trump after Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce M. Knauft

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available How would Foucault have viewed Trump as President, and Trumpism in the US more generally? More realistically, how can we discern and insightfully apply genealogical insights after Foucault to better comprehend and act in relation to our current political situation in the US? Questions of factuality across a base register of asserted falsehoods are now prominent in American politics in ways that put assertions of scholarly objectivity and interpretation in yet deeper question than previously. The extent, range, and vitriol of alt-Right assertions and their viral growth in American media provoke progressivist resistance and anxiety, but how can this opposition be most productively channeled? This paper examines a range of critical perspectives, timeframes, and topical optics with respect to Trump and Trumpism, including nationalist, racist, sexist, class-based, and oligarchical dimensions. These are considered in relation to media and the incitement of polarized subjectivity and dividing practices, and also in relation to Marxist political economy, neoliberalism/neoimperialism, and postcolonialism. I then address the limit points of Foucault, including with respect to engaged political activism and social protest movements, and I consider the relevance of these for the diverse optics that political genealogy as a form of analysis might pursue. Notwithstanding and indeed because of the present impetus to take organized political action, a Foucauldian perspective is useful in foregrounding the broader late modern formations of knowledge, power, and subjectivity within which both Rightist and Leftist political sensibilities in the US are presently cast. At larger issue are the values inscribed through contemporary late modernity that inform both sides of present divisive polarities—and which make the prognosis of tipping points or future political outcomes particularly difficult. As such, productive strategies of activist opposition are likely to

  16. The Foucault-Habermas Debate: the Reflexive and Receptive Aspects of Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ejvind

    2005-01-01

    In this paper I discuss the relationship between two different approaches to critical theory – the reflective and the receptive approaches. I show how it can be fruitful to discuss the relationship between Habermas and Foucault through this distinction. My point is that whereas Habermas focusses...... on critique as a reflexive activity, Foucault mainly focusses on the receptive conditions for critique to be possible. I argue further that Foucault focusses on the receptive aspects of critique, the quest for universality is not as pressing as it is in Habermas’ approach, because problematizing critique can...

  17. Foucaults governmentality-begreb og studiet af kolonialisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rud, Søren

    2007-01-01

    Foucaults governmentalitybegreb har, ikke mindst, i de sidste to årtier inspireret forskere til at genanalysere kulturelle praktikker. Denne artikel viser, hvordan governmentality-begrebet er blevet bragt i anvendelse i et konkret studie af kolonialismen på Fiji, og påpeger samtidigt de mange...... interessante paralleller mellem Fiji og Grønland mod slutningen af 1800-tallet. Begge steder stod de koloniale administratorer over for den udfordring at skulle mediere mellem et ønske om at bevare den "traditionelle kultur" og et ønske om at modernisere og optimere befolkningens forhold. Artiklen påpeger...

  18. Microfabricated high-bandpass foucault aperture for electron microscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glaeser, Robert; Cambie, Rossana; Jin, Jian

    2014-08-26

    A variant of the Foucault (knife-edge) aperture is disclosed that is designed to provide single-sideband (SSB) contrast at low spatial frequencies but retain conventional double-sideband (DSB) contrast at high spatial frequencies in transmission electron microscopy. The aperture includes a plate with an inner open area, a support extending from the plate at an edge of the open area, a half-circle feature mounted on the support and located at the center of the aperture open area. The radius of the half-circle portion of reciprocal space that is blocked by the aperture can be varied to suit the needs of electron microscopy investigation. The aperture is fabricated from conductive material which is preferably non-oxidizing, such as gold, for example.

  19. [Correlation and interconversion between erythrocyte cholinesterase values obtained by the Michel and the EQM techniques].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmona-Fonseca, Jaime

    2006-12-01

    Several techniques are available to measure red cell cholinesterase; therefore, evaluations with several methods provide a measure of concordance. An equation was formulated to transform native data of reference values to reference units of cholinesterase activity as measured by Michel and EQM tests. The experimental design was descriptive, transversal and prospective. The group sampled was a representative adult working population, aged 18-75, without previous exposure to cholinesterase inhibitors pesticides. The individuals were affiliated to the Social Security System and resided in Valle de Aburrá and Cercano Oriente Antioqueño (Antioquia Province, northwestern Colombia). Of 827 individuals, quantitative erythrocytes (Michel y EQM) tests exhibited "r" coefficients between 0.67 and R2 coefficient of 44%.,This indicated that one test explained the results in other test in 44% of the cases. The corelation was higher in Aburrá than in Oriente. The linear model for the 827 individuals was as follows: EQM U/g oxy-hemoglobin = 9.575 U/ g oxy-hemoglobin + 29.791 (Michel delta pH/hour). Michel delta pH/hr = 0.3312 delta pH/hour + 0.0149 (EQM U/g oxy-hemoglobin), where EQM was expressed in U/g oxy-hemoglobin and Michel pH change/hr. Inter-sections (coefficient a) and inclines (coefficient b) were significant in this model. In the adjusted equations, after exclusion of 12 extreme data (1.5% of 827), the r coefficient increased from 0.67 to 0.72 The adjusted equations were as follows: EQM U/g oxy-hemoglobin = 8.1884 U/g oxy-hemoglobin + 31.3920 (Michel delta pH/hour); Michel delta pH/hr = 0.2925 delta pH/hr + 0.0161 (EQM U/g oxy-hemoglobin). This system of linear equations permitted the transformation of Michel (delta PH/ hr) units to EQM (U/g oxy-hemoglobin) units and vice versa. This will facilitate data comparisons by clinicians and epidemiologists who are using these methods of cholinesterase measurement.

  20. Simulacra, Symbolic Exchange and Technology in Michel Tournier's La Goutte d'Or

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David W. Price

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available In La Goutte d'Or , Michel Tournier offers a critique of Western culture by constructing a novel that reflects both Jean Baudrillard's theories of simulacra and the political economy of the sign and Martin Heidegger's meditations on technology. Tournier's novel explores the relationship between Heidegger's explanation of technology as an act of Enframing ( Ge-stell and Baudrillard's description of an economy based upon exchange-sign value. Thus, through La Goutte d 'Or , Michel Tournier depicts the violent confrontation between a symbolic exchange economy based on poietic acts and late capitalist economies of autonomized signs.

  1. Is Sustainable an Ethic of Immanence discursive in Foucault?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Sánchez Antonio

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article I pretend to show, based on the conceptual limits found in the Michel Foucaults’s archeo-geanological foundations, the possibility of posing, in two moments, –archeo-geanological and governmental–, the idea of “reflexive insubordination ethics”. Which means an “immanent freedom ethics” that allow “the weak ones” to say its word, to demand and to question the tyrants and its won world by talking and take action with and for its peers. This ethics of intersubjectivity, posed as concerted draft evasion, critic and deliberated, I think, can derivate from certain “enunciative conditions” found in the two most recent researches involving “truthful speech” shown in the papers El gobierno de sí y de los otros (1982-1983 and El coraje de la verdad (1983-1984.

  2. Derrida, Foucault and “Madness, the Absence of an Œuvre”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seferin James

    Full Text Available This article argues that Foucault's 1964 paper “La folie, l'absence d'œuvre” ought to be understood as a response to Derrida's 1963 paper “Cogito et histoire de la folie”. I clarify the chronology of the exchange between these two thinkers and follow commentators Bennington and Flynn in emphasising themes other than the status of madness in Descartes. I undertake a thematic investigation of Foucault's 1961 characterisation of madness as the absence of an œuvre and the role of this characterisation in Derrida's 1963 paper. Then I turn to an investigation of Foucault's substantial change in position on these key themes with his 1964 paper. I argue that Foucault seeks to minimise the initial importance he attributed to his characterisation of madness as the absence of an œuvre, altering his understanding of the relation between madness and language as well as shifting the event that silences madness from Descartes to Freud. Derrida's reconsideration of Foucault's Folie et déraison in 1991 treats Freud as the new locus of the exchange. This is an implicit recognition by Derrida of Foucault's “La folie, l'absence d'œuvre” and confirmation of its place within the exchange.

  3. Aspirational individuals in the work of Michel Houellebecq and James Buchanan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Dekker (Erwin)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractLoneliness and alienation are central themes in the work of French novelist Michel Houellebecq. His works Whatever (1998) and The Possibility of an Island (2004, hereafter TPI), which will be our central focus here, explore the extent to which man can be an island, or indeed is made into

  4. Lire soumission entre Charlie hebdo et le Bataclan : L’islamisation selon Michel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Domingues de Almeida

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to a critical reading of Michel Houellebecq’s novel Soumission (2015 just after Paris attacks, and intends to identify some features of continuity and rupture when compared with Houellebecq’s former novels’ narrative procedures and topics.

  5. Lire soumission entre Charlie hebdo et le Bataclan : L’islamisation selon Michel

    OpenAIRE

    José Domingues de Almeida

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to a critical reading of Michel Houellebecq’s novel Soumission (2015) just after Paris attacks, and intends to identify some features of continuity and rupture when compared with Houellebecq’s former novels’ narrative procedures and topics.

  6. Lire soumission entre Charlie hebdo et le Bataclan : L’islamisation selon Michel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Domingues de Almeida

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to a critical reading of Michel Houellebecq’s novel Soumission (2015 just after Paris attacks, and intends to identify some features of continuity and rupture when compared with Houellebecq’s former novels’ narrative procedures and topics.

  7. Prantsuse minister : Toidukontroll rangemaks! / Michel Barnier ; interv. Silja Lättemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Barnier, Michel, 1951-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vesti Dnja 13. märts lk. 5. Oma intervjuus kinnitas Eestit väisanud Prantsuse põllumajandusminister Michel Barnier, et Prantsusmaa pooldab rangemat toiduohutuse kontrolli Euroopa Liidu välispiiril, samuti piimakvootide säilimist ja tootmise eelistamist maaelu arengule, Eestiga koostööd ollakse valmis tegema energeetikas

  8. Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics Talk: Henry Cavendish, John Michell, Weighing the Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormmach, Russell

    2010-03-01

    This talk is about an interaction between two 18th-century natural philosophers (physical scientists), Henry Cavendish and John Michell, and its most important outcome, the experiment of weighing the world (their name for it) using a torsion balance (our name for it). Michell was the most inventive of the 18th century English natural philosophers, and Cavendish was the first of his countrymen to possess abilities at all comparable with Newton's. By their interests and skills, they were drawn to one another. Both were universal natural philosophers, equally adept at building scientific instruments, performing experiments, constructing theory, and using mathematics; both had a penchant for exacting, quantitative work. Both also had fitful habits of publication, which did not begin to reveal the range of their work, to the mystification of later scientists and historians. Late in life, Cavendish and Michell turned their attention to the force that Newton had examined most completely, a singular triumph of his natural philosophy, the force of universal gravitation. Over the course of the 18th century, abundant evidence of attraction had been gathered from the motions of the earth, moon, planets, and comets, phenomena which span the intermediate range of masses, sizes, and distances. But in three domains of experience, involving the extreme upper and lower limits of masses and dimensions, the universality of gravitation remained an article of faith. These were the gravity of the ``fixed'' stars, the mutual attraction of terrestrial bodies, and the gravitation of light and other special substances. Michell took on himself the task of deducing observable consequences from each of these prospective instances of universal gravitation. Cavendish encouraged Michell, and he followed up the resulting observational and experimental questions. The experiment of weighing the world was the last experiment Mitchell planned and the last experiment Cavendish published. The capstone of

  9. Doing Foucault: inquiring into nursing knowledge with Foucauldian discourse analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Rusla Anne; Clinton, Michael E

    2015-04-01

    Foucauldian discourse analysis (FDA) is a methodology that is well suited to inquiring into nursing knowledge and its organization. It is a critical analytic approach derived from Foucault's histories of science, madness, medicine, incarceration and sexuality, all of which serve to exteriorize or make visible the 'positive unconscious of knowledge' penetrating bodies and minds. Foucauldian discourse analysis (FDA) holds the potential to reveal who we are today as nurses and as a profession of nursing by facilitating our ability to identify and trace the effects of the discourses that determine the conditions of possibility for nursing practice that are continuously shaping and (re)shaping the knowledge of nursing and the profession of nursing as we know it. In making visible the chain of knowledge that orders the spaces nurses occupy, no less than their subjectivities, FDA is a powerful methodology for inquiring into nursing knowledge based on its provocation of deep critical reflection on the normalizing power of discourse. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Escribir las Prácticas. Foucault, de Certeau, Marin.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARCELO MELLA POLANCO

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Este libro de Chartier, publicado por primera vez en 1996, se organiza a partir de la recopilación de cuatro ensayos del autor presentados como ponencias en las Universidades de Buenos Aires y Mar del Plata. Los propósitos centrales que ligan a cada uno de estos trabajos consisten, por una parte, en dilucidar dimensiones de la relación entre discurso (discursos y prácticas sociales; por otra, en  contribuir a la actualización del oficio del historiador como una práctica de construcción de relatos en diálogo con otros saberes. Particularmente, este autor busca analizar como se desarrolla la “construcción social de los discursos” y la “construcción discursiva del mundo social”; contribuir a complejizar la perspectiva de análisis de la dominación y los mecanismos de resistencia y; ampliar, mediante el estudio de las obras de Foucault, de Certeau y Marin, los límites de la disciplina histórica.

  11. Foucault und das Recht: Besprechung von: Christian Schauer, Aufforderung zum Spiel. Foucault und das Recht, Böhlau (Weimar, Köln, Wien 2006, 383 Seiten.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Biebricher

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Der Autor rekonstruiert Foucaults Werk zwischen den Jahren 1961 und 1975 und integriert hierbei Perspektiven anderer Autoren (Derrida, Luhmann und Nietzsche, welche zu verwandten Themenkreisen arbeiten und/oder Foucaults Herangehensweise geprägt haben. Eigentliches Ziel der Arbeit ist es, Foucaults Beitrag zur Rechtsgeschichte und –soziologie zu beleuchten. Diese Thematik ist im deutschen Sprachraum bis jetzt kaum systematisch untersucht worden, und dementsprechend gebührt Schauers Studie besondere Beachtung. Der Autor betont Foucaults Ausführungen zum Verhältnis zwischen Recht und Psychiatrie. Dessen Diagnose hebt die “Kolonisierung” des Rechts durch forensisch psychiatrische Diskurse hervor, und Schauer gelingt es, die problematische Dimension dieser Tendenz mit Hinweis auf die schweizerische Rechtspraxis plausibel zu machen. Fluchtpunkt dieser Entwicklung wäre ein bis zum Extrem “vorbeugendes” Recht, das Gefahrenprävention und Risikoregulierung durch präemptive Verhaltensregulierung den Vorzug vor dem Legalitätsprinzip gewährt.

  12. Foucault's and Arendt's "insider view" of biopolitics: a critique of Agamben.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blencowe, Claire

    2010-01-01

    This article revisits Arendt's and Foucault's converging accounts of modern (bio)politics and the entry of biological life into politics. Agamben's influential account of these ideas is rejected as a misrepresentation both because it de-historicizes biological/organic life and because it occludes the positivity of that life and thus the discursive appeal and performative force of biopolitics. Through attention to the genealogy of Arendt's and Foucault's own ideas we will see that the major point of convergence in their thinking is their insistence upon understanding biological thinking from the inside, in terms of its positivity. Agamben's assessment of modern politics is closer to Arendt's than it is to Foucault's and this marks a fascinating point of disagreement between Arendt and Foucault. Whereas Arendt sees the normalizing force of modern society as being in total opposition to individuality, Foucault posits totalization and individuation as processes of normation, which casts a light upon the relative import they place upon politics and ethics.

  13. Biopolitical Immanence or Whether Foucault and Deleuze Still Matter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad-Ali Rahebi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The dream of control is to be, simultaneously, absolutely generic (beyond individuation and absolutely singular; seeing all and seeing every “person” in her singularity, purely immanent to her very life, her bios: a prosthetic God. The Cybernetic Organon, the “second schema of intelligibility” has enabled (through feedback mechanisms this transition between the generic and the singular by short-circuiting individuation and the universal-individual continuum. The works of Foucault, Deleuze, and many more recent philosophers are based around the inherence of individuation to all control and government (Foucault’s fine-graining, on the one hand, and his “population” theory on the other and the conception of control as necessarily transcendent (for however fine-tuned and specified individuation may be, the singular always escapes it, as Deleuze teaches – the singular being the pure immanence of life, the bios. I will argue, with Rouvroy and Stiegler, for the immanence of cybernetic control as embodied most recently in Big- Data. But while Rouvroy separates the bodily and the affects from the domain of cybernetics and even proposes embodiment and affective desire as antidotes to cybernetic control (seen here merely in its capacity as “psychopower”, I will show how the immanence of cybernetics actually extends to the pure, bare life of individuals by allying itself with their body, affects and drives, the sub-subjective and the infra-personal. The fact that the latter have been championed for so long as the ultimate battlefronts against control, especially by Deleuze (and Guattari, gives us all the more reason to question them. In trying to re-evaluate the Deleuzian philosophy of immanence, I have engaged two (very different philosophers whose conceptions of the latter greatly influenced Deleuze, namely Hume and Ruyer.

  14. The cross flow turbine (Michell - Banki) as option for small hydroelectric power plants; A turbina de fluxo cruzado (Michell - Banki) como opcao para centrais hidraulicas de pequeno porte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mello Junior, Antonio Goncalves de

    2000-07-01

    Several types of hydraulic turbines can be used in small hydroelectric power plant, as Pelton, Francis, Turgo, Kaplan, Propeller, Banki, etc. In Brazil the more used are Francis and Kaplan followed by Pelton. The usage of the other types is almost unknown, mainly the Turgo turbine. The cross flow turbine, also known by the names of Michell-Banki, Banki, and Michell-Ossberger is defined as an action turbine that can be applicable to falls from 1 to 200 m and flows from 0,025 to 13 m{sup 3}/s. With the technical evolution mainly in the last two decades by traditional firms like Ossberger Turbinenfabrik and new firms like CINK, that turbine can reach diameters of rotors of 1,0 m with width of 2,6 m and to develop capacity up to 2,000 k W, with efficiency near 90%. The main evolutions are concentrated in modifications presented in the injector of the turbine by several manufacturers, and the use of new materials in the blades of the runner, shafts, bearings and the use of the draft tube. Case study shows the technical and economical implications using a cross flow turbine in comparison to a Francis turbine and a Kaplan. The conclusions will be reported after technical and economical viability analysis among the three types of turbines. (author)

  15. Sobre telas dialógicas e subjetivadas: uma releitura dos conceitos de Bakhtin e Foucault no contexto da produção colaborativa = About dialogical and subjectified screens: a reinterpretation of Bakhtin’s and Foucault’s concepts in the context of audiovisual collaborative production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mata, Jhonatan Alves Pereira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo delinear articulações entre práticas discursivas e linguagens midiáticas contemporâneas. Para a empreitada, tomamos como arcabouço teórico os estudos do chamado Círculo de Bakhtin e da Escola Francesa de Análise de Discurso (AD, sobretudo os olhares de Mikhail Bakhtin e Michel Foucault. Dissonâncias e recorrências conceituais serão destacadas, tendo-se por base o dialogismo, a formação discursiva e o enunciado aplicados na análise de dois quadros colaborativos veiculados em telejornais brasileiros: Parceiro do RJ (Rede Globo e Outro Olhar (TV Brasil

  16. Bartolomé de las Casas y Michel de Montaigne: Escritura y lectura del Nuevo Mundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Durán Luzio

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de mostrar cómo la obra de Bartolomé de Las Casas, Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias, publicada en 1552 y traducida al francés en 1579,fue leída por Michel de Montaigne e incorporada en sus párrafos y doctrinas más relevantes en sus dos ensayos sobre el Nuevo Mundo: "Des Cannibales" (1580 y "Des Coches" (1588.   The work of Bartolomé de Las Casas Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias, published in 1552 and translated into French in 1579, is shown to have been read by Michel de Montaigne who included it in the most relevant paragraphs and doctrines in his two essays about the new world: "Des Cannibales" (1850 and "Des Coches" (1588.

  17. Michel Borghini as a Mentor and Father of the Theory of Polarization in Polarized Targets

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Boer, Wim

    2016-02-01

    This paper is a contribution to the memorial session for Michel Borghini at the Spin 2014 conference in Bejing, honoring his pivotal role for the development of polarized targets in high energy physics. Borghini proposed for the first time the correct mechanism for dynamic polarization in polarized targets using organic materials doped with free radicals. In these amorphous materials the spin levels are broadened by spin-spin interactions and g-factor anisotropy, which allows a high dynamic polarization of nuclei by cooling of the spin-spin interaction reservoir. In this contribution I summarize the experimental evidence for this mechanism. These pertinent experiments were done at CERN in the years 1971 - 1974, when I was a graduate student under the guidance of Michel Borghini. I finish by shortly describing how Borghini’s spin temperature theory is now applied in cancer therapy.

  18. Transformation of a Foucault shadowgram into the geometrical model of a shear interferogram by means of isophotometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhevlakov, A. P.; Zatsepina, M. E.; Kirillovskii, V. K.

    2014-06-01

    The principles of transformation of a Foucault shadowgram into a quantitative map of wave-front deformation based on creation of a system of isophotes are unveiled. The presented studies and their results prove that there is a high degree of correspondence between a Foucault shadowgram and the geometrical model of a shear interferogram with respect to displaying wave-front deformations.

  19. Foucault and the Imperatives of Education: Critique and Self-Creation in a Non-Foundational World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olssen, Mark

    2006-01-01

    This article outlines Foucault's conception of critique in relation to his writings on Kant. In that Kant saw Enlightenment as a process of release from the status of immaturity in that we accept someone else's authority to lead us in areas where the use of reason is called for, it is claimed in this article that Foucault's notion of critique…

  20. Lire Soumission entre Charlie Hebdo et le Bataclan : l'islamisation selon Michel Houellebecq : provocation (suite)/

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, José Domingues de

    2015-01-01

    Cet article vise une lecture critique du roman Soumission (2015) de Michel Houellebecq dans la foulée des attentats parisiens, en essayant de détecter les lignes de continuité et de rupture par rapport aux procédés narratifs employés et aux thématiques présentes dans les romans précédents.

  1. Robert Michels y las teorías elitista-competitivas de la democracia

    OpenAIRE

    Caparrós Valderrama, Rafael

    2008-01-01

    Robert Michel's main work is "Political parties. A Sociological Study on the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy", issued in 1911, which is an analysis on the internal organization evolving dynamics of the German Social-Democrat Party (SDP), to which the author was intensely attached for several years. The aim of this essay is hte sociological study of the leadership emergence, power psicology and the organizational oligarchical tendencies. In it all argumentation can be found on the ...

  2. L’église Saint-Michel de Lille : chronologie d’un chantier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Guillot

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Après le démantèlement des fortifications de Lille en 1858, un nouveau quartier est aménagé au sud de la ville, dont un des équipements importants est l’église Saint-Michel, construite entre 1868 et 1874 par l’architecte Alfred Coisel. Très bien documenté, son chantier dévoile un mobilier et un décor exemplaire par son homogénéité et par la place accordée à la peinture murale. Cette étude met en évidence, outre le rôle du peintre Alphonse Colas, des artistes méconnus comme Albéric Duyver et Marie Carin. L’iconographie, qui révèle un des plus importants cycles consacrés à l’archange saint Michel, est également extrêmement caractéristique de son temps.After the demolition of the fortifications at Lille, in 1858, a new quarter developed to the south of the city. One of the important features of this new neighbourhood was the Saint-Michel church, built between 1868 and 1874 to the designs of the architect Alfred Coisel. The building of this church is exceptionally well documented and reveals church furnishings and decoration of an exemplary nature in terms of homogeneity and the special place given over to mural paintings. This study underlines the role of the painter Alphonse Colas, but also the contribution of other, less well known artists such as Albéric Duyver and Marie Carin. The iconographical theme is one of the most important cycles of its time devoted to the archangel Saint Michel, and is highly characteristic of the period.

  3. [Maria Goeppert-Mayer Award to Taiwan-born and raised American physicist Michele Ma Chung-pei

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "The American Physical Society conferred the prestigious Maria Goeppert-Mayer Award to Taiwan-born and raised American physicist Michele Ma Chung-pei recently in recognition of her important contributions to theoretical astrophysics" (1 page).

  4. A Modernidade em Foucault: uma breve Exposição

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Castelo Branco

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available o artigo trata da compreensáo da Modernidade no pensamento de Foucault abordando a dimensáo historica da atualidade na esfera de problematizaçáo socio-politica dos nossos dias. Seu nucleo de argumentacáo concentra-se nas condições de exame da questáo etica atraves da leitura que Foucault faz de Kant do principio da maioridade , do telos da afiio e da autonomia individual. Com isto o artigo propõe um eixo de analise da ideia foucaultiana de uma estetica da existencia a partir da relaçao entre subjetividade e poder.

  5. Measurement of Michel Parameters ($\\bar\\eta$, $\\xi\\kappa$) in the radiative leptonic decay of tau at Belle

    CERN Document Server

    Abdesselam, A.

    2017-06-22

    We present the first measurement of the Michel parameters $\\bar{\\eta}$ and $\\xi\\kappa$ in the radiative leptonic decay of the $\\tau$ lepton using 703 f$\\mathrm{b}^{-1}$ of data collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB $e^+e^-$ collider. The Michel parameters are measured by an unbinned maximum likelihood fit to the kinematic information of $e^+e^-\\rightarrow\\tau^+\\tau^-\\rightarrow (\\pi^+\\pi^0 \\bar{\

  6. O Édipo de Foucault não é o de FreudEl Edipo de Foucault no es de Freud

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Marcelo Ricardo

    2010-01-01

    O Édipo, como o homem que sabia demais, era por isso o homem da ignorância. Foucault, diferente de Freud, estabelece um Édipo historicizado no tempo da passagem da forma jurídica do “regime de provas” à do “sistema de inquérito”, culminando no que chamou de o “exame” – nome lacônico que dá às ciências humanas. Porém, não há como mencionar a tragédia sofocliana sem tocar na hermenêutica psicanalítica, e sobre isso Foucault é implacável: a Psicanálise é um dispositivo discursivo de poder, uma c...

  7. A ideologia de Marx e o discurso de Foucault: convergências e distanciamentos Marx's ideology and Foucault's discourse: convergence and distanciation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Bacchi Machado

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Efetua-se um mapeamento dos conceitos de ideologia e discurso nas obras de Marx e Foucault, respectivamente. Procede-se também a uma recapitulação da análise marxiana da inversão das leis de apropriação como substrato da destruição de uma forma ideológica específica; assim como se retoma, na obra foucaultiana, a arqueologia da relação médico-paciente como exemplo de configuração de um determinado campo discursivo. Por fim, indica-se um distanciamento e uma convergência entre os conceitos em questão.This paper identifies the concepts of ideology and discourse in the works of Marx and Foucault, respectively. It summarizes the Marxist analysis of the reversal of the laws of property as a consequence of the destruction of a specific ideology; and presents the archeology of the doctor-patient relationship, from the work of Foucault, as an example of the configuration of a particular discursive field. To conclude, the paper points to a distanciation and a convergence between the concepts in question.

  8. Tribute by the Algerian Geologists to Professor Michel Durand-Delga (1923-2012). The geological work of Michel Durand-Delga in Algeria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belhai, D.; Ouabadi, A.

    2016-10-01

    Michel Durand-Delga made a success of an outstanding career in geology. His route might be considered as one of a pioneer of a new kind. He set a meticulous rhythm in this discipline of the Earth sciences, particularly in Algeria, the country he loved for its geology, landscapes and population. The first of his fructuous works was published in 1948 on the geology of the Petite Kabylie and he continued, for most his life, to work very closely on this zone which he characterized, in a definitive way, as different from the African continent with at first structural then stratigraphical evidence. He highlighted the Kabylian thrust where the northern domain (internal, also called Kabyle) overlaps a southern domain (external or African). All the geological information that came later either produced by him or later by his students and opponents supported this great hypothesis which today has become a reliable paradigm. (Author)

  9. Entre théâtre, opéra et roman: le cas de Michel Tremblay // Between theatre, opera and novel: The case of Michel Tremblay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Kyloušek

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the frame of Quebec literature, Michel Tremblay’s poetics is an attempt to transfiguration of plebeian axiology in high literature, universal in scope. The slang of the Montreal periphery (so called joual and its speakers, which are mostly marginal characters, are highlighted by the application of the principles of religious drama, Greek tragedy and opera as the constituent parts of Tremblay’s theater and prose. To identify and illustrate these principles at different structural levels, the paper analyses the novels Le Premier Quartier de la lune (1989, Le cahier noir (2003, La Traversée de la ville (2008 and the drama Sainte Carmen de la Main (1976.

  10. Braverman, Foucault and the Labor Process: Framing the Current High-Skills Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Theodore

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the current high-skills discourse against the backdrop of labor process theory. It draws on the theoretical debate between Harry Braverman and Michael Foucault, supplementing the traditional treatment of the labor process with Foucauldian insights. The primary argument is that especially in the market-led economies, current…

  11. Power Matters: Foucault's "Pouvoir/Savoir" as a Conceptual Lens in Information Research and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsson, Michael; Heizmann, Helena

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: This paper advocates Foucault's notion of pouvoir/savoir (power/knowledge) as a conceptual lens that information researchers might fruitfully use to develop a richer understanding of the relationship between knowledge and power. Methods: Three of the authors' earlier studies are employed to illustrate the use of this conceptual lens.…

  12. Quantitative phase tomography by using x-ray microscope with Foucault knife-edge scanning filter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, Norio; Tsuburaya, Yuji; Shimada, Akihiro; Aoki, Sadao

    2016-01-01

    Quantitative phase tomography was evaluated by using a differential phase microscope with a Foucault knife-edge scanning filter. A 3D x-ray phase image of polystyrene beads was obtained at 5.4 keV. The reconstructed refractive index was fairly good agreement with the Henke’s tabulated data

  13. Muslim women in the western media: Foucault, agency, governmentality and ethics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vintges, K.

    2012-01-01

    This article compares the ways in which Saba Mahmood’s The Politics of Piety (2005) and Cressida Heyes’ Self-Transformations: Foucault, Ethics, and Normalization (2007), unlike current governmentality studies, employ the later Foucault’s ethical theory. By explaining the theoretical framework of the

  14. Quantitative phase tomography by using x-ray microscope with Foucault knife-edge scanning filter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Norio; Tsuburaya, Yuji; Shimada, Akihiro; Aoki, Sadao

    2016-01-01

    Quantitative phase tomography was evaluated by using a differential phase microscope with a Foucault knife-edge scanning filter. A 3D x-ray phase image of polystyrene beads was obtained at 5.4 keV. The reconstructed refractive index was fairly good agreement with the Henke's tabulated data.

  15. Capillary Discourses, Fissure Points, and Tacitly Confessing the Self: Foucault's Later Work and Educational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worthman, Christopher; Troiano, Beverly

    2016-01-01

    This article draws on Foucault's later work to consider in an exploratory but specific way how that work can inform educational research. It introduces the concepts of "capillary discourses" and "fissure points" to show, by way of example, how a regime of truth such as neoliberalism shapes lifelong learning theory, the pedagogy…

  16. Foucault, Confucius and the In-Service Learning of Experienced Teachers in an Era of Managerialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Hua

    2018-01-01

    By drawing on Foucault's theory of subjectification, this study presents a case study of two experienced teachers' in-service learning in the managerialist climate of Macau. The results indicate that the prevailing policies and administrative strategies on in-service learning served as the apparatus of managerialism working on teachers and…

  17. Foucault and the Use of Critique: Breaching the Self-Evidence of Educational Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bye, Jayne

    2015-01-01

    This paper poses methodological questions about the role and limits of Foucault's concept of governmentality in education research. Firstly, it argues for the utility of governmentality as a means of exploring questions of power regardless of domain or scale. Secondly, it explores the boundary between the tasks of formulating critique and…

  18. Implementation of a quantitative Foucault knife-edge method by means of isophotometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhevlakov, A. P.; Zatsepina, M. E.; Kirillovskii, V. K.

    2014-06-01

    Detailed description of stages of computer processing of the shadowgrams during implementation of a modern quantitative Foucault knife-edge method is presented. The map of wave-front aberrations introduced by errors of an optical surface or a system, along with the results of calculation of the set of required characteristics of image quality, are shown.

  19. Foucault and Human Rights: Seeking the Renewal of Human Rights Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zembylas, Michalinos

    2016-01-01

    This article takes up Foucault's politics of human rights and suggests that it may constitute a point of departure for the renewal of HRE, not only because it rejects the moral superiority of humanism--the grounding for the dominant liberal framework of international human rights--but also because it makes visible the complexities of human rights…

  20. Quantitative phase tomography by using x-ray microscope with Foucault knife-edge scanning filter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, Norio; Tsuburaya, Yuji; Shimada, Akihiro; Aoki, Sadao [Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8573 (Japan)

    2016-01-28

    Quantitative phase tomography was evaluated by using a differential phase microscope with a Foucault knife-edge scanning filter. A 3D x-ray phase image of polystyrene beads was obtained at 5.4 keV. The reconstructed refractive index was fairly good agreement with the Henke’s tabulated data.

  1. The Politics of Health as a School-Sponsored Ethic: Foucault, Neoliberalism, and the Unhealthy Employee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vander Schee, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the emergence of health policies targeted at the unhealthy school employee by examining how these are manifest in a Nevada school district. The analysis draws on the work of Foucault, specifically his writings on governmentality. The purpose of this critical appraisal is to problematize school-sponsored health policies by…

  2. Derrida, Foucault and Critical Pedagogies of Friendship in Conflict-Troubled Societies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zembylas, Michalinos

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to place Derrida's and Foucault's ideas on friendship in conversation and then discuss how those ideas provide a pedagogical space in which critical educators in conflict-troubled societies can promote new modes of being and living with others. In particular, the notion of critical pedagogies of friendship is…

  3. Power/Knowledge for Educational Theory: Stephen Ball and the Reception of Foucault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chia-Ling

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the significance of the concept of power/knowledge in educational theory. The argument proceeds in two main parts. In the first, I consider aspects of Stephen J. Ball's highly influential work in educational theory. I examine his reception of Foucault's concept of power/knowledge and suggest that there are problems in his…

  4. Marx and Foucault: Subjectivity, Employability and the Crisis of Youth Unemployment in the Great Global Recession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.; Besley, Tina

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the different approaches taken to the concepts of work or labour by Marx and Foucault, examining in particular the question of subjectivity in relation to youth unemployment and the current crisis of youth unemployment as part of the aftermath of the global recession of 2008.

  5. Criticising with Foucault: Towards a Guiding Framework for Socio-Political Studies in Mathematics Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kollosche, David

    2016-01-01

    Socio-political studies in mathematics education often touch complex fields of interaction between education, mathematics and the political. In this paper I present a Foucault-based framework for socio-political studies in mathematics education which may guide research in that area. In order to show the potential of such a framework, I discuss the…

  6. 16. J Situma A Critique of Foucault's Conception and Prediction of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    REGINALDS

    transcends both in emphasizing the significance of historical social reality in understanding ... However, Foucault attributes the freedom of writing of text to a new .... The author's name “is not simply an element of speech (as a subject, a ..... 3 The tension between the author and the adaptor of the text for movie and theatre, ...

  7. Place, Non-Place, Multi-Place and the (Non)Possibilities of Identity: Philosophical, Social, and Communicational Aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Basia Nikiforova

    2016-01-01

    Michel Foucault in the text “Of Other Spaces: Utopias and Heterotopias” wrote that “the present epoch will perhaps be above all the epoch of space”. Space, place, and territories are social productions. Territory is a polysemic concept. Place is “events” created by territories, fluid areas of control produced by territorial negotiation (horizontal dynamics) and negotiations between places (vertical dynamics). Space produces places and is produced by places. Moreover, space, place and territor...

  8. Michel de Certeau. Le marcheur blessé’.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Dosse

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Quatrième de couverture. Jésuite et historien spécialiste du 17 e siècle et de la mystique, sociologue de la culture du quotidien, anthropologue, sémiologue et cofondateur de l'école lacanienne, Michel de Certeau est une figure singulière de l'histoire intellectuelle du 20 e siècle. Célébré par le tout-Paris lors de sa disparition en janvier 1986, il fut toute sa vie un franc-tireur. Position qui n'a sans doute pas permis de mesurer son apport au renouvellement des ...

  9. Literary Practice according to Michel Henry: A Philosophical Introduction to his Novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Baptiste Dussert

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Although the author of four novels, Michel Henry never produced an aesthetics of literature. The purpose of this article is, after a presentation of his philosophy of immanence and his concept of life, to locate where the literary practice takes place in his system. In this study, we are not interested in the poetic quality of his works, but in the possibility to base his singular creativity on his philosophical reflection. This leads us to insert literature in the vast phenomenon of culture and ethics, and to grasp the function of poetics in the struggle against barbarism.

  10. Erschriebenes Leben:Fortgesetzte Erinnerung und Identitätssuche in der Literatur Michel del Castillos

    OpenAIRE

    Hilbers, Antonis

    2001-01-01

    Die vorliegende Dissertation schließt eine doppelte Forschungslücke: zum einen wird erstmals im Bereich der deutschsprachigen Romanistik dem Werk des 1933 in Madrid geborenen und seit 1957 im französischen Literaturbetrieb fortwährend präsenten Autors Michel del Castillo eine monographische Studie gewidmet. Zum anderen handelt es sich um die erste Arbeit überhaupt, die das Frühwerk (den Hypotext "Tanguy", 1957) mit dem Spätwerk del Castillos (den Hypertexten "Le crime des pères", 1993 und "Ru...

  11. Marées et touristes au Mont-Saint-Michel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernand Verger

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available L’imaginaire collectif fait la plus grande place au phénomène des grandes marées dans la baie du Mont-Saint-Michel, mais la fréquentation touristique n’est que faiblement déterminée par l’occurrence des grandes marées, malgré l’existence d’un public spécifique, relativement peu nombreux, attiré par le spectacle du mascaret.

  12. A Measurement of the Michel Parameters in Leptonic Decays of the Tau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ammar, R.; Baringer, P.; Bean, A.; Besson, D.; Coppage, D.; Darling, C.; Davis, R.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, N. [University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (United States); Anderson, S.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; ONeill, J.J.; Patton, S.; Poling, R.; Riehle, T.; Savinov, V.; Smith, A. [University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Alam, M.S.; Athar, S.B.; Ling, Z.; Mahmood, A.H.; Severini, H.; Timm, S.; Wappler, F. [State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York 12222 (United States); Anastassov, A.; Blinov, S.; Duboscq, J.E.; Fujino, D.; Fulton, R.; Gan, K.K.; Hart, T.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Spencer, M.B.; Sung, M.; Undrus, A.; Wanke, R.; Wolf, A.; Zoeller, M. [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Nemati, B.; Richichi, S.J.; Ross, W.R.; Skubic, P.; Wood, M. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Bishai, M.; Fast, J.; Gerndt, E.; Hinson, J.W.; Menon, N.; Miller, D.H.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Yurko, M.; Gibbons, L.; Johnson, S.D.; Kwon, Y.; Roberts, S.; Thorndike, E.H. [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Jessop, C.P.; Lingel, K.; Marsiske, H.; Perl, M.L.; Schaffner, S.F.; Ugolini, D.; Wang, R.; Zhou, X. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94309 (United States); Coan, T.E.; Fadeyev, V.; Korolkov, I.; Maravin, Y.; Narsky, I.; Shelkov, V.; Staeck, J.; Stroynowski, R.; Volobouev, I.; Ye, J. [Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275 (United States); Artuso, M.; Efimov, A.; Frasconi, F.; Gao, M.; Goldberg, M.; He, D.; Kopp, S.; Moneti, G.C.; Mountain, R.; Mukhin, Y.; Schuh, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Viehhauser, G.; Xing, X. [Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244 (United States); Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S.E.; Jain, V.; and others

    1997-06-01

    We have measured the spectral shape Michel parameters {rho} and {eta} using leptonic decays of the {tau} , recorded by the CLEO II detector. Assuming e-{mu} universality in the vectorlike couplings, we find {rho}{sub e{mu}}=0.735{plus_minus}0.013{plus_minus}0.008 and {eta}{sub e{mu}}=-0.015{plus_minus}0.061{plus_minus}0.062 , where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. We also present measurements for the parameters for e and {mu} final states separately. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  13. Tangenciando o gesto autobiográfico em Michel Leiris e Herberto Helder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Anglada de Rezende

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In position of the extensive discussion about the autobiography and its questioned status as a literary genre, this article aims to discuss the comparative gesture and his autobiographical traces in the works of two writers who, each in his own way, break the protocol associated with the writings of the self. In the foreground, it is the work A idade viril of Michel Leiris, in which writing, confession, memories and dreams merge, which will be compared to Photomaton & Vox, meeting of essays, reviews, poems and reports of the portuguese poet Herbert Helder.

  14. The Michel parameter for the decay τ→eνanti ν

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janssen, H.; Koenig, A.C.; Metzger, W.J.; Reidenbach, M.; Schotanus, J.; Walle, R.T. van de; Walk, W.; Antreasyan, D.; Irion, J.; McBride, P.; Strauch, K.; Bartels, H.W.; Bienlein, J.K.; Brockmueller, K.; Kloiber, T.; Koch, W.; Marsiske, H.; Meyer, H.; Skwarnicki, T.; Trost, H.J.; Voigt, A.; Wachs, K.; Zschorsch, P.; Besset, D.; Cabenda, R.; Cowan, R.; Bieler, C.; Graaf, K.; Heinsius, F.H.; Kiel, T.; Krueger, S.; Lekebusch, R.; Maschmann, W.; Nernst, R.; Sievers, D.; Stock, V.; Strohbusch, U.; Bloom, E.D.; Clare, R.; Cooper, S.; Fairfield, K.; Fridman, A.; Gaiser, J.; Gelphman, D.; Godfrey, G.; Hofstadter, R.; Kirkbride, I.; Lee, R.; Leffler, S.; Litke, A.M.; Lockman, W.; Lowe, S.; Niczyporuk, B.; Pollock, B.; Schwarz, A.; Tompkins, J.; Van Uitert, B.; Wacker, K.; Brock, I.; Engler, A.; Kraemer, R.W.; Marlow, D.; Messing, F.; Prindle, D.; Renger, B.; Rippich, C.; Vogel, H.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Coyne, D.; Folger, G.; Glaser, G.; Kobel, M.; Lurz, B.; Schuette, J.; Volland, U.; Wegener, H.; Jakubowski, Z.; Muryn, B.; Nowak, G.; Keh, S.; Kilian, H.; Koenigsmann, K.; Scheer, M.; Schmitt, P.; Peck, C.; Porter, F.C.; Ratoff, P.; Williams, D.A.; Karch, K.; Heimlich, F.H.

    1989-01-01

    The Crystal Ball detector at the Doris II storage ring at DESY has been used to study the electron energy spectrum of the decay τ→eνanti ν. In the standard model the Lorentz structure of the decay matrix element is of the well known V-A type, resulting in a Michel parameter of ρ=0.75. Our spectrum is found to be consistent with this value. A fit yields the value of 0.64±0.06±0.07. (orig.)

  15. Technical Mediation and Subjectivation: Tracing and Extending Foucault's Philosophy of Technology.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dorrestijn, Steven

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on tracing and extending Michel Foucault’s contributions to the philosophy of technology. At first sight his work on power seems the most relevant. In his later work on subjectivation and ethics technology is absent. However, notably by recombining Foucault’s work on power with

  16. FOUCAULT: uma introdução às artes da existência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Taniguchi Piretti Brandão

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Em seus últimos estudos, Foucault se debruçou sobre a questão do cuidado de si, retornando à Antiguidade Clássica para [re]pensar a ética moderna nos termos de uma ontologia crítica do momento presente. O autor nos revela que o processo de subjetivação do indivíduo, na tomada de uma posição ética, caminha na direção de uma estética da vida. Assim, a ética em Foucault apresenta-se como estética da existência, como liberdade possível no fazer-se existir. Dizer-a-verdade a si próprio, desprender-se de si mesmo, estilizar a vida, num processo de constituição moral, caracterizam, fortemente, a estética da existência foucaultiana. Palavras-chave: Estética; Ética; Artes da Existência; Cuidado de si; Ontologia.   FOUCAULT: Introduction to the art of the existence ABSTRACT In his later studies, Foucault addressed the issue of self-care, returning to Classical Antiquity to re-think the modern ethics in terms of a critical ontology of the present moment. The author tells us that the individual's subjective process, in making an ethical position, walks toward an aesthetics of life. Thus, ethical Foucault presents as aesthetics of existence as possible freedom in making up exists. Tell the truth to yourself, loosen up yourself, stylize life, a moral constitution process, characterize strongly the Foucault’s aesthetics of existence. Keywords: Esthetics; Ethics; Art of the Existence; Self Care; Ontology.   FOUCAULT: Una introducción a las artes de la existencia RESUMEN En sus últimos estudios, Foucault abordó la cuestión de auto-cuidado, volviendo a la Antiguedad Clásica a replantear la ética moderna en términos de una ontologia crítica de la actualidad. El autor nos dice que proceso subjetivo del individuo, en la toma de una posición ética, se mueve hasta una estética de la vida. Así, la ética de Foucault se presenta como una estética de la existencia, como liberdad posible en la existencia. Decir la verdad a s

  17. O Édipo de Foucault não é o de Freud/El Edipo de Foucault no es de Freud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Ricardo Pereira

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O Édipo, como o homem que sabia demais, era por isso o homem da ignorância. Foucault, diferente de Freud, estabelece um Édipo historicizado no tempo da passagem da forma jurídica do “regime de provas” à do “sistema de inquérito”, culminando no que chamou de o “exame” – nome lacônico que dá às ciências humanas. Porém, não há como mencionar a tragédia sofocliana sem tocar na hermenêutica psicanalítica, e sobre isso Foucault é implacável: a Psicanálise é um dispositivo discursivo de poder, uma ciência disciplinar, contendora do desejo. Mas a Psicanálise não deve ser emparelhada à Psiquiatria, por exemplo. A “razão” freudiana reside justamente numa tensão paradoxal entre dar voz à singularidade e, ao mesmo tempo, reafirmar universais históricos da cultura. Édipo não é uma nosografia, mas o que detém um “saber que não se sabe”: o do inconsciente. Se ele é o homem do inconsciente em Freud, em Foucault ele será o da ignorância. Nisso, ambos se confluem: o homem moderno para sempre está “dissolvido”. Edipo, como el hombre que sabía demasiado, era el hombre de la ignorancia. Foucault, a diferencia de Freud, establece un Edipo historizado en el tiempo de la pasaje de la forma jurídica del "régimen de pruebas" al “sistema de averiguación", que culmina en lo que él llamó la "examem" - nombre lacónico que él da a las humanidades. Sin embargo, no se menciona la tragedia de Sófocles, sin tocar en la hermenéutica del psicoanálisis, y Foucault es implacable: el psicoanálisis es un dispositivo discursivo del poder, una ciencia disciplinar, contendiente del deseo. Pero el psicoanálisis no debería ser emparejados a la psiquiatría, por ejemplo. La "razón" freudiana reside en una tensión paradójica entre dar voz a la singularidad y, al mismo tiempo, reafirmar los universales históricos de la cultura. Edipo no es una nosografia, pero lo que tiene un "saber que no se sabe": el

  18. Banki-Michell Optimal Design by Computational Fluid Dynamics Testing and Hydrodynamic Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tullio Tucciarelli

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In hydropower, the exploitation of small power sources requires the use of small turbines that combine efficiency and economy. Banki-Michell turbines represent a possible choice for their simplicity and for their good efficiency under variable load conditions. Several experimental and numerical tests have already been designed for examining the best geometry and optimal design of cross-flow type machines, but a theoretical framework for a sequential design of the turbine parameters, taking full advantage of recently expanded computational capabilities, is still missing. To this aim, after a review of the available criteria for Banki-Michell parameter design, a novel two-step procedure is described. In the first step, the initial and final blade angles, the outer impeller diameter and the shape of the nozzle are selected using a simple hydrodynamic analysis, based on a very strong simplification of reality. In the second step, the inner diameter, as well as the number of blades and their shape, are selected by testing single options using computational fluid dynamics (CFD simulations, starting from the suggested literature values. Good efficiency is attained not only for the design discharge, but also for a large range of variability around the design value.

  19. A crítica de ponta-cabeça: sobre a significação de Kant no pensamento de Foucault The critique turned upside-down: about the significance of Kant in Foucault's thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Alves

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende avaliar a relação que Foucault estabelece com a modernidade, tendo como fio condutor seu vínculo com o pensamento de Kant. Aborda-se, num primeiro momento, a leitura que Foucault faz de Kant na época em que estava escrevendo As Palavras e as Coisas, observando uma tensão entre o projeto crítico e o antropologismo kantiano e, num segundo momento, interroga-se sua relação com Kant a partir de alguns de seus últimos textos, nos quais Foucault procura uma "ontologia do presente".This paper intends to evaluate the relationship Foucault establishes regarding modernity, taking as guide-line his link with Kant's thought. We approach, at a first moment, the interpretation Foucault gives from Kant in the period he was writing The Order of Things, remarking the tension between the critical project and the Kantian antropologism and, in a second moment, we question his relationship to Kant through some of his last texts, where Foucault is looking for an "ontology of the present".

  20. The touch of the real. Il New Historicism e il potere del reale psichiatrico in Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VARRICCHIO, Francesco

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available [The touch of the real. The New Historicism and the power of the psychiatric real in Foucault] What is the meaning of “touch of the real”? This paper connects the new historicist Greenblatt’s phrase to Foucault’s use of the term real during his lecture course on psychiatric power. According to New Historicism, influenced by the French philosopher’s thought, representation links to reality; but this reality is imbued with power relations. Throughout his course, Foucault repeteadly argues that therapeutic asylum imposes on subjectified bodiesthe reality of power and the power of reality thanks to a disciplinary technology. The constant visibility produces individuals also in other fields of the social and institutional life, in which the Panopticon principle is effective. The real springs from this mechanism and its representation.

  1. O sujeito em Foucault: estética da existência ou experimento moral?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JURANDIR FREIRE COSTA

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute as objeções levantadas às idéias de Foucault sobre a ética do sujeito, que levariam a um descompromisso com os valores universais e princípios das democracias liberais. Discutindo as proposições de Taylor, Hochlitz, Hadot e Rorty, a resposta de Foucault se construiria a partir de uma mudança radical na imagem do sujeito e nos modos de vida relacional que, no caso da sexualidade, ao se redescreverem as categorias, colocaria em questão a atual hierarquia moral das práticas sexuais, com suas relações fixas de dominação e sujeição.

  2. Er Foucault en middelalderlige skamfuld eller ukritisk tænker?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staunæs, Dorthe; Raffnsøe, Sverre

    2018-01-01

    Ifølge Per Aage Brandt indeholder et ikke før udgivet interview med Foucault nøglen til den franske filosofs værk, som »ingen har kunnet finde hoved eller hale på«. Men hvem er det, der ikke kan det? Hvilken form for kritik kræver det at lære noget nyt? Og kan man undgå at begynde i fordommen...

  3. Er Foucault en middelalderlig, skamfuld eller ukritisk tænker?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raffnsøe, Sverre; Staunæs, Dorthe

    2018-01-01

    Ifølge Per Aage Brandt indeholder et ikke før udgivet interview med Foucault nøglen til den franske filosofs værk, som »ingen har kunnet finde hoved eller hale på«. Men hvem er det, der ikke kan det? Hvilken form for kritik kræver det at lære noget nyt? Og kan man undgå at begynde i fordommen?...

  4. Differential phase microscope and micro-tomography with a Foucault knife-edge scanning filter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, N.; Hashizume, J.; Goto, M.; Yamaguchi, M.; Tsujimura, T.; Aoki, S.

    2013-10-01

    An x-ray differential phase microscope with a Foucault knife-edge scanning filter was set up at the bending magnet source BL3C, Photon Factory. A reconstructed phase profile from the differential phase image of an aluminium wire at 5.36 keV was fairly good agreement with the numerical simulation. Phase tomography of a biological specimen, such as an Artemia cyst, could be successfully demonstrated.

  5. Classroon demonstration: Foucault s currents explored by the computer hard disc (HD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Roberto Pimentel

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper making an experimental exploration of Foucault s currents (eddy currents through a rotor magnetically coupled to computer hard disc (HD that is no longer being used. The set-up allows to illustrate in a stimulating way electromagnetism classes in High Schools for mean of the qualitative observations of the currents which are created as consequence of the movement of an electric conductor in a region where a magnetic field exists.

  6. Foucault pendulum with eddy-current damping of the elliptical motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastner, G.; Vokurka, V.; Maschek, M.; Vogt, E.; Kaufmann, H. P.

    1984-10-01

    A newly designed Foucault pendulum is described in which the mechanical Charron ring, used throughout in previous designs for damping of the elliptical motion of the pendulum, is replaced by an electromagnetic eddy-current brake, consisting of a permanent magnet attached to the bottom of the bob and a metallic ring. This damping device is very efficient, as it is self-aligning, symmetrical in the damping effect, and never wears out. The permanent magnet is also used, together with a coil assembly and an electronic circuitry, for the dipole-torque drive of the pendulum as well as for accurate stabilization of the amplitude of the swing. A latched time display, controlled by Hall probes activated by the magnet, is used to visualize the Foucault rotation. The pendulum system and its associated electronic circuitry are described in detail. The optimizing of the drive mode is discussed. Measurements of deviations from theoretical value of the Foucault rotation velocity made automatically in a continuous run show a reproducible accuracy of ±1% or better in individual 360° rotations during the summer months. The quality factor of the pendulum as mechanical resonator was measured as a function of the amplitude in the presence of the eddy-current damping ring.

  7. The Desire for Knowledge as an Incentive for Life in Community, following Michel de Montaigne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor H. Palacios Cruz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A tendency towards truth indicates an inclination towards being in tune with the world and inserting one’s own life within it. It is a process that requires the concurrence of other viewpoints, fragmentary and diverse, the incorporation of which ensures the objectivity of knowledge and respects the richness of what it is real. Knowledge requires habits of coexistence and communication that establish a common space for equality and plurality in exchanges. Michel de Montaigne, in the troubled sixteenth century, celebrated the pleasure of discussion and exhorted people to travel as a form of avoiding personal pride and increasing their being through the encounter. A loyal search for truth in conjunction with courtesy in controversy would entail the promotion of civic virtues beyond mere tolerance and bring about attitudes of mutual interest, cordiality, dialogue, inclusion and care for that which is common.

  8. Histoire de la traduction au XXe siècle : l’apport de Michel Ballard

    OpenAIRE

    Prado Paz, Carlos de

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como temática “la historia de la traducción en el siglo XX”, y más en concreto la aportación de una de las figuras más importantes de la traducción en Francia, Michel Ballard. A lo largo del trabajo expondré la obra y pensamiento de Ballard, centrándome en temas como la traducción, su historia, la relación entre traducción y traductología, o la importancia del contacto entre culturas y lenguas. El fallecimiento en el transcurso de nuestro trabajo de esta figura cumbre...

  9. Bartolomé de las Casas y Michel de Montaigne: Escritura y lectura del Nuevo Mundo

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Durán Luzio

    2016-01-01

    Se trata de mostrar cómo la obra de Bartolomé de Las Casas, Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias, publicada en 1552 y traducida al francés en 1579,fue leída por Michel de Montaigne e incorporada en sus párrafos y doctrinas más relevantes en sus dos ensayos sobre el Nuevo Mundo: "Des Cannibales" (1580) y "Des Coches" (1588).   The work of Bartolomé de Las Casas Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias, published in 1552 and translated into French in 1579, is sho...

  10. Relación social y teoría de las formas en Michel Maffesoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Herrera Gómez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La sociología de Michel Maffesoli se ocupa principalmente de las potencialidades polimórficas de los singulares individuos. Su teoría "postmoderna", centrada en el tránsito del homo politicus-oeconomicus al homo aestheticus, representa la exaltación de nuestros sentimientos individuales, de nuestras emociones, de nuestros deseos para reconstruir pequeñas tribus comunitarias en una sociedad que solamente trata de imponer sus cánones funcionales. En una palabra, se tata de rehabilitar nuestro obrar espontáneo, dionisíaco, contra el poder, siempre abstracto y mecánico, de la sociedad.

  11. Geometry, analysis and probability in honor of Jean-Michel Bismut

    CERN Document Server

    Hofer, Helmut; Labourie, François; Jan, Yves; Ma, Xiaonan; Zhang, Weiping

    2017-01-01

    This volume presents original research articles and extended surveys related to the mathematical interest and work of Jean-Michel Bismut. His outstanding contributions to probability theory and global analysis on manifolds have had a profound impact on several branches of mathematics in the areas of control theory, mathematical physics and arithmetic geometry. Contributions by: K. Behrend N. Bergeron S. K. Donaldson J. Dubédat B. Duplantier G. Faltings E. Getzler G. Kings R. Mazzeo J. Millson C. Moeglin W. Müller R. Rhodes D. Rössler S. Sheffield A. Teleman G. Tian K-I. Yoshikawa H. Weiss W. Werner The collection is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in these fields.

  12. STS-93 M.S. Michel Tognini suits up before launch

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    For the third time, in the Operations and Checkout Building, STS- 93 Mission Specialist Michel Tognini of France, who represents the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), waves after donning his launch and entry suit during final launch preparations. After Space Shuttle Columbia's July 20 and 22 launch attempts were scrubbed, the launch was again rescheduled for Friday, July 23, at 12:24 a.m. EDT. STS-93 is a five-day mission primarily to release the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which will allow scientists from around the world to study some of the most distant, powerful and dynamic objects in the universe. The STS-93 crew numbers five: Commander Eileen M. Collins, Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby, and Mission Specialists Stephen A. Hawley (Ph.D.), Catherine G. Coleman (Ph.D.) and Tognini. Collins is the first woman to serve as commander of a shuttle mission.

  13. The non-place as a tourist destination in Michel Houellebecq’s Plateforme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Filipa Prata

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the representation of mass tourism in Michel Houellebecq’s Plateform (2001 in relation to the concept of “non-place” defining the “supermodern” spaces proliferating in the globalized world deprived from historical, identitary and relational values. As the universe of tourism is the central element of the novel’s plot, we shall look at how it takes the form of a dysphoric configuration of a certain idea of travel, and how the language of simulacra, in which hotels airports constitute transfer platforms of the same capitalistic order, is sustaining it. Through the analysis of the production and consumption mechanisms of adventure circuits and vacation clubs, that slip inside the field of sexual tourism in Thailand, this book exposes ironically an alienated occidental society looking for an escape to everyday life in exotic destinations and à la carte sojourns.

  14. Lungo le vie di pellegrinaggio: la lezione astronomica di Gerberto a San Michele della Chiusa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paladino, Laura C.

    A pilgrim on the trails of the Earth: that's how Gerbertus appears to us in the years preceding his pontificate as well in those, brief and intense, in which he was Pope. An ardent pilgrim of faith moved at the same time by vast intellectual interests that allowed him to come into contact with the most important schools of the time, of any cultural tradition; a pilgrim full of love, willing to transmit the enormous heritage of faith and knowledge of which he was custodian. The presence of the illustrious Benedictine is not explicitly documented in the Abbey of San Michele della Chiusa, but the signs of its cultural and ideological influence are evident both in historical memory as in the artistical vestiges of the Sacra: we investigate here, this presence, authoritative, original and versatile, to outline another aspect, still little investigated, of the lesson of Gerbert, monk, scientist, teacher and pastor.

  15. Michel de Certeau and the Admirabile Commercium of Meanings in Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Botelho Josgrilberg

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at reflecting upon Michel de Certeau’s relationship with education. Even though the issue is marginal to his other fields of interest, such as history, religion and culture, the challenges he presents are inspiring for educators at varying levels and from different fields of knowledge. Certeau’s thought moving power is the movement towards other ones, fostered by ethical and epistemological demands; a movement which opens itself to the possibility that each encounter may reveal something new. The movement is born from the refusal of literal meanings or existing hierarchies, without falling into irresponsible relativism which denies his own memory. With Certeau we learn to see schools or universities as places of crossing paths, bricolage and operations which escape from established references.

  16. Miks meile vaja maastikuarhitektuuri? = Why do we need landscape architecture? / Reinhard Micheller, Günther Schalk, Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Micheller, Reinhard, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    EKA arhitektuuri ja linnaplaneerimise osakonna III kursuse 2009-2012 aastail erialase projekteerimise ülesande raames on vestlusringis maastikuarhitektuurse osa juhendajad Reinhard Micheller ja Günther Schalk (michellerundschalk, München) ning Katrin Koov (KAVAKAVA, EKA maastikuarhitektuuri õppekava juht)

  17. Michel Hersen and the Development of Social Skills Training: Historical Perspective of an Academic Scholar and Pioneer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Peter M.

    2012-01-01

    As a distinguished scholar over the past 45 years, Michel Hersen has left an indelible mark on the field of behavior therapy and clinical psychology. One of his most enduring legacies is his early research work in the area of social skills assessment and training, with special attention to assertiveness training. His basic analogue and clinical…

  18. Hulluse tõde mõistuse ajastul / Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Marek, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Foucault, Michel. Hullus ja arutus. Hullumeelsuse ajalugu klassikalisel ajastul. Tartu, 2003 ; Foucault, Michel. Le pouvoir psychiatrique. Cours au College de France, 1973-1974. Pariis, 2003. Samal teemal : Vahing, Vaino. Ühiskond ja vaimuhaigus, lk. B10

  19. Lettere di Vilfredo Pareto all’amico Roberto Michels: confini e confine nel Trattato di Sociologia Generale del 1916

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raffaele Federici

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available In questa ricerca di senso fra la fine di un'epoca e la nuova visione del mondo, c’è, nei due Autori, quello che potrebbe chiamarsi una betweenness: Pareto, quasi un franco-italiano, e Michels, un italiano-tedesco, anzi un più che italiano. Nella linea di faglia rappresentata dal primo conflitto mondiale, i due sociologi sono in una doppia relazione interiore appunto franco-italiana Pareto e italo-tedesca Michels e una relazione esteriore fra il mondo di ieri e il mondo successivo al cataclisma che fu la prima guerra mondiale, quando ben quattro imperi colossali erano stati smembrati (l’Impero Russo, l’Impero Tedesco, l’Impero Austro-ungarico e l’Impero ottomano, nello stesso tempo in cui Emile Durkheim guardava con inquietudine alla disgregazione delle vecchie comunità tradizionali, dove il senso della crisi del tempo investe non solo le persone e i comportamenti, ma il mondo logico stesso. Lo scambio epistolare avviene nella stessa terra: Pareto a Celigny, sul lago di Ginevra , e Michels a Basilea , lungo le rive del Reno. Vi è, fra i due sociologi un profondo rispetto, che vedrà Robert Michels dedicare allo “scienziato e amico Vilfredo Pareto con venerazione” un’opera importante come “Problemi di sociologia applicata” pubblicata solo tre anni dopo il Trattato di Sociologia Generale del Maestro. In questa antologia di saggi Robert Michels, probabilmente composti fra il 1914 e il 1917, negli anni del grande cataclisma, anzi concepiti prima «dell’insediamento di questa terribile corte suprema di cassazione di tutte le nostre ideologie, che è la guerra» , quindi contemporanea al Trattato, il Maestro viene citato tre volte, come Max Weber, ma, de facto, la presenza di Pareto è continua. In particolare, il richiamo al Maestro è iscritto a due piste di ricerca: da una parte la realtà della ricerca sociologica e del suo amplissimo spettro di analisi e dall’altra la teoria della circolazione delle elités. È proprio

  20. Soft X-ray Foucault test: A path to diffraction-limited imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray-Chaudhuri, A. K.; Ng, W.; Liang, S.; Cerrina, F.

    1994-08-01

    We present the development of a soft X-ray Foucault test capable of characterizing the imaging properties of a soft X-ray optical system at its operational wavelength and its operational configuration. This optical test enables direct visual inspection of imaging aberrations and provides real-time feedback for the alignment of high resolution soft X-ray optical systems. A first application of this optical test was carried out on a Mo-Si multilayer-coated Schwarzschild objective as part of the MAXIMUM project. Results from the alignment procedure are presented as well as the possibility for testing in the hard X-ray regime.

  1. Foucault e a questão do quem somos nós?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FREDERIC GROS

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura mostrar que a evolução da noção de modernidade no pensamento de Foucault (que num primeiro momento parte da Crítica da razão pura, e em seguida se inspira no texto O que é ilustração, também de Kant, entendido como inaugural de uma atitude de diagnóstico do presente é indissociável de seu projeto teórico.

  2. Foucault's method for measuring the speed of light with modern apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vörös, Zoltán; Weihs, Gregor

    2015-05-01

    In this paper, we introduce two simple and inexpensive, yet quite accurate versions of the well-known Foucault method for measuring the speed of light. In a compact footprint of just 20 cm by 270 cm with readily available laboratory items, a rotating mirror taken from a laser printer, and a webcam, we obtained c=296\\720+/- 3000 km s-1, and c=302\\295+/- 3000 km s-1, respectively, both within less than a per cent of the defined value. The experiment also prepares students for extracting data through image processing.

  3. Nacionalismos e internacionalismo: um debate entre Michael Löwy e Michel Cahen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ângela Lazagna

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo consiste em um debate realizado entre Michel Löwy e Michael Cahen em meados dos anos 1990 e revisto para esta publicação. Mesmo que a discussão refira-se a acontecimentos que até certo ponto podem ser considerados datados, a preocupação de fundo que é comum a esses artigos concede-lhes atualidade: a necessidade do aprofundamento de uma reflexão, a partir da teoria marxista, sobre o problema dos nacionalismos e do internacionalismo em tempos de mundialização. Esse aprofundamento, segundo os autores, faz-se necessário sobretudo por meio de uma reflexão que rompa criticamente com uma visão eurocêntrica dos diferentes nacionalismos e que supere a atitude de muitos marxistas de desprezarem tudo aquilo que não seja diretamente relevante à "consciência de classe".

  4. Don Quixote, Sweded by Michel Gondry in Be Kind Rewind (2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hogan Erin K.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In the spirit of poetic license from Be Kind Rewind (2008, this article argues that Michel Gondry’s film “swedes,” its playful neologism for ersatz remaking of Hollywood and classic films, Miguel de Cervantes’s Don Quixote. The feature follows the Sanchification of Jerry (Jack Black, Gondry’s Don Quixote, and Quixotification of Mike (Mos Def, Gondry’s Sancho, as they nostalgically wrong cinematic rights through sweding and try to save their working-class neighbourhood from condemnation and gentrification through community film making. Gondry swedes the Quixote through his engagement with major themes and operations in Cervantes’s classic, including nostalgia, story-telling, conflicts between reality and fantasy, authorship, the grotesque and carnivalesque, (anti-heroes, race and gender-bending, genre, and addressees turned addressers. This article discusses Be Kind Rewind’s relationship to Hollywoodian and Cervantine classics through the theoretical frameworks of Julio Garcia Espinosa’s imperfect cinema and Foucauldian semiotics, respectively. Be Kind Rewind uses and abuses Hollywood stereotypes to re-purpose them for a critique of discriminatory practices. Where casting is concerned and where Michel’s characters diverge from Miguel’s, Be Kind Rewind advances that skin colour is not an arbitrary sign and that race has historical and contemporary meaning in intercultural interactions.

  5. Villa San Michele at Capri – a House with a distinct home for "Genius Loci"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Anna Marie; Danielsen, Mads Harder

    2012-01-01

    on the spot. When we approached Capri by crossing the Neapolitan bay the first thing our eyes saw was the chapel of San Michele resting high above the blue waters at the top of the steep cliffs - on the edge of the abyss. This place is also the location of the Egyptian Sphinx, half lion, half woman...... that the spirit of the place adjoins a metaphysical core of architecture; and as the very core of architecture could be connected to an absolute truth so it seems that genius loci is related to truth; even though it is a truth that is not directly visible. We ask in this paper if it is a truth that is perennially...... are going to hear the Sphinx ask us questions, all these riddling puzzles, we first have to ask the Sphinx to know how to ask questions. That genius loci are present in architectural theory owes much to the Scandinavian theoretician and architect Christian Norberg-Schulz, who emphasized considerations...

  6. La Filosofía de Michel Serres: una Moral de Base Objetiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Arellano Hernández

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Los temas que preocupan al filósofo francés Michel Serres son variados y, en cierto sentido, caóticos. Sin embargo, uno de los puntos esenciales de la filosofía del autor tiene como base empírica el problema de la moral, que el hombre deposita en los objetos tecnológicos en su proceso de elaboración. No es exagerado decir que el único propósito de su filosofía es el tema de la relación entre la ética y el desarrollo científico, que se manifestó con el uso de las bombas atómicas contra indefensos ciudadanos japoneses en la Segunda Guerra Mundial. El abordaje del tema de reflexión será el resultado de un camino explicativo que comienza por presentar la formación y el contexto de la obra del autor, continúa con la exposición de su método de trabajo y las nociones que integran el núcleo de su pensamiento. Al avanzar en esta propedéutica se analizarán sus nociones sobre la invención del futuro, el papel que en ella juega la tecnociencia y la necesidad de dotarla de una base moral.

  7. Georges Bataille, Michel Leiris e a experiência do sagrado no entreguerras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlia Vilaça Goyatá

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo elucidar os usos e sentidos da noção de sagrado nas formulações teóricas e nas trajetórias intelectuais de Georges Bataille (1897-1962 e Michel Leiris (1901-1990 na Paris dos anos 1930. Em meio às diversas experiências estético-políticas da época, que questionavam as possíveis formas da ação política tendo em vista sua ligação com a arte, destaca-se a proposta do Collège de Sociologie (1937-1939, associação animada pelos autores junto a Roger Caillois (1913-1978. O grupo toma o sagrado em dupla articulação: ao mesmo tempo que conceito descritivo, ele passa a ser entendido também como um operador político. Tal ideia é o ponto de partida para as reflexões conjugadas e ao mesmo tempo originais de Bataille e Leiris.

  8. Highlights from e-EPS: Jean-Michel Raimond wins EPS Edison-Volta Prize 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Martina Knoop, e-EPS News

    2014-01-01

    e-EPS News is a monthly addition to the CERN Bulletin line-up, showcasing articles from e-EPS – the European Physical Society newsletter – as part of a collaboration between the two publications.   The European Physical Society has the pleasure to announce that the 2014 EPS Edison-Volta Prize is awarded to Jean-Michel Raimond for “seminal contribution to physics (that) have paved the way for novel explorations of quantum mechanics and have opened new routes in quantum information processing”. J.-M. Raimond’s PhD thesis was supervised by Serge Haroche at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, France, in the early 1980′s, and together S. Haroche, M. Brune and J.-M. Raimond have built an extremely successful research group since then. J.-M. Raimond has made seminal contributions to the development of cavity QED experiments, in particular involving circular Rydberg atoms interacting with very high-Q superc...

  9. Othering and Selfing: Reading Gender Hierarchies and Social Categories in Michel Houellebecq's Novel Soumission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wening Udasmoro

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available In literature, questions of the self and the other are frequently presented. The identity politics that gained prominence after the attack on the World Trade Center in New York on 11 September 2001 has occupied considerable space in this debate throughout the globe, including in France. One example of a novel dealing with the self and other is Michel Houellebecq’s Soumission (2015. This article attempts to explore the processes of selfing and othering in this work. The politics of identity that seems to present Muslims and Islam as the other and French as the self is also extended to other identities and aspects involved in the novel. This article attempts to show, first, how the French author Houellebecq positions the self and other in Soumission; second, the type of self and other the novel focuses on; and third, how its selfing and othering processes reveal the gender hierarchy and social categorization of French society. It finds that the novel presents a hierarchy in its narrative through which characters are positioned based on their gender and sexual orientation, as well as their age and ethnic heritage.

  10. Bodies spoken by the other: A reading of Michel de Certeau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Luiz De Mori

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to schematize a reflection of Michel de Certeau regarding the various meanings attributed to the body by Ocidental culture, pointing out the resignifications of these meanings by the Christian religion. For this, in methodological terms, attention was given to interdisciplinary dialogue furthered by this author who easily moved among the fields of psychoanalysis, history, linguistics, philosophy, theology, and spirituality.  As a first hypothesis, it postulated that for De Certeau the body is configured as a viable fiction of social practices, that is, an instance of authority capable of provoking agreements, conflicts and transformations. This is because, according to the aforementioned Jesuit, the body is constituted simultaneously both as a symbolic contribution to institutional powers as well as a mediation for political and cultural bricolage, departures and transgressions advanced in daily life.  Concomitantly, it is considered, as a second hypothesis that, as indicated by De Certeau, the body in the Christian tradition was lived as a mystic instance, that is, as enunciating, by its manifestations, the desire to be habited by the other/Other. It is then suggested that an actualization of this existential and political condition now enables subjects to turn positive their intrinsic incompleteness and fragile humanness, favoring, as a result, historical and social experiences shared and felt.

  11. Casimir-Foucault interaction: Free energy and entropy at low temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Intravaia, Francesco; Ellingsen, Simen Å.; Henkel, Carsten

    2010-09-01

    It was recently found that thermodynamic anomalies which arise in the Casimir effect between metals described by the Drude model can be attributed to the interaction of fluctuating Foucault (or eddy) currents [F. Intravaia and C. Henkel, Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.103.130405 103, 130405 (2009).] We focus on the transverse electric (TE) polarization, where the anomalies occur, and show explicitly that the two leading terms of the low-temperature correction to the Casimir free energy of interaction between two plates are identical to those pertaining to the Foucault current interaction alone, up to a correction which is very small for good metals. Moreover, a mode density along real frequencies is introduced, showing that the TE contribution to the Casimir free energy, as given by the Lifshitz theory, separates in a natural manner into contributions from eddy currents and propagating cavity modes, respectively. The latter have long been known to be of little importance to the low-temperature Casimir anomalies. This convincingly demonstrates that eddy current modes are responsible for the large temperature correction to the Casimir effect between Drude metals, predicted by the Lifshitz theory, but not observed in experiments.

  12. Foucault imaging and small-angle electron diffraction in controlled external magnetic fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Hiroshi; Kotani, Atsuhiro; Harada, Ken; Ishii, Yui; Mori, Shigeo

    2016-12-01

    We report a method for acquiring Foucault images and small-angle electron diffraction patterns in external magnetic fields using a conventional transmission electron microscope without any modification. In the electron optical system that we have constructed, external magnetic fields parallel to the optical axis can be controlled using the objective lens pole piece under weak excitation conditions in the Foucault mode and the diffraction mode. We observe two ferromagnetic perovskite-type manganese oxides, La 0.7 Sr 0.3 MnO 3 (LSMO) and Nd 0.5 Sr 0.5 MnO 3 , in order to visualize magnetic domains and their magnetic responses to external magnetic fields. In rhombohedral-structured LSMO, pinning of magnetic domain walls at crystallographic twin boundaries was found to have a strong influence on the generation of new magnetic domains in external applied magnetic fields. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Japanese Society of Microscopy. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  13. Casimir-Foucault interaction: Free energy and entropy at low temperature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intravaia, Francesco; Ellingsen, Simen A.; Henkel, Carsten

    2010-01-01

    It was recently found that thermodynamic anomalies which arise in the Casimir effect between metals described by the Drude model can be attributed to the interaction of fluctuating Foucault (or eddy) currents [F. Intravaia and C. Henkel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 130405 (2009).] We focus on the transverse electric (TE) polarization, where the anomalies occur, and show explicitly that the two leading terms of the low-temperature correction to the Casimir free energy of interaction between two plates are identical to those pertaining to the Foucault current interaction alone, up to a correction which is very small for good metals. Moreover, a mode density along real frequencies is introduced, showing that the TE contribution to the Casimir free energy, as given by the Lifshitz theory, separates in a natural manner into contributions from eddy currents and propagating cavity modes, respectively. The latter have long been known to be of little importance to the low-temperature Casimir anomalies. This convincingly demonstrates that eddy current modes are responsible for the large temperature correction to the Casimir effect between Drude metals, predicted by the Lifshitz theory, but not observed in experiments.

  14. Critical Discourse Analysis. The Elaboration of a Problem Oriented Discourse Analytic Approach After Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rainer Diaz-Bone

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The German discourse researcher Siegfried JÄGER from Duisburg is the first to have published a German-language book about the methodology of discourse analysis after FOUCAULT. JÄGER integrates in his work the discourse analytic work of Jürgen LINK as well as the interdisciplinary discussion carried on in the discourse analytic journal "kultuRRevolution" (Journal for Applied Discourse Analysis. JÄGER and his co-workers were associated with the Duisburger Institute for Language Research and Social Research (DISS, see http://www.diss-duisburg.de/ for 20 years, developing discourse theory and the methodology of discourse analysis. The interview was done via e-mail. It depicts the discourse analytic approach of JÄGER and his co-workers following the works of FOUCAULT and LINK. The interview reconstructs JÄGERs vita and his academic career. Further topics of the interview are the agenda of JÄGERs discourse studies, methodological considerations, the (problematic relationship between FOUCAULDian discourse analysis and (discourses, linguistics, styles and organization of research and questions concerning applied discourse analytic research as a form of critical intervention. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0603219

  15. Sujet de droit et sujet d’intérêt : Montesquieu lu par Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Spector

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans les cours au Collège de France réunis dans Naissance de la biopolitique, Foucault soutient qu’une science économico-juridique est rigoureusement impossible. Or cette thèse radicale mérite discussion, à partir d’un auteur trop souvent ignoré des historiens de la genèse de l’économie politique. Montesquieu, à sa façon, contribue à la constitution de ce savoir économico-juridique, susceptible de penser ensemble sujet d’intérêt et sujet de droit. L’esprit de cette étude ne sera pas de critiquer Foucault en montrant que Montesquieu ne « rentre » pas dans l’opposition de ses paradigmes, mais plutôt de tenter de mesurer l’originalité d’une pensée qui conçoit des échanges entre propriété et liberté qui ont pour effet d’unifier rationalité économique et rationalité juridique.

  16. Vida, poder, política: Foucault e a questão do liberalismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Danner

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available o problema do liberalismo e de suas condições de emergência surgiram, no pensamento de Foucault, no curso Nascimento da Biopolítica, ministrado nos anos de 1978 e 1979. Neste curso, Foucault demonstra que o liberalismo não deve ser entendido fundamentalmente não como uma teoria econômica ou jurídica, nem como uma ideologia, mas como uma racionalidade política, como uma prática refletida de governo. É no contexto do liberalismo que a biopolítica adquire toda sua especificidade. A preocupação dos Estados com a gestão da população obedece à intenção de consolidar a economia capitalista: a emergência de um Estado gestor e normalizador, a partir de fins do século XVIII, deve ser entendida como um momento no qual a racionalidade econômica, tal qual concebida pelo liberalismo, passa a determinar o âmbito político, a dinâmica social e os fenômenos próprios das populações (criminalidade, sexualidade, natalidade, educação etc..

  17. Michele Renee Salzman, Marvina A. Sweeney & William Adler (eds., The Cambridge History of Religions in the Ancient World (2 vols. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Baruchello

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Michele Renee Salzman, Marvina A. Sweeney & William Adler (eds., The Cambridge History of Religions in the Ancient World (2 vols. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013

  18. Rotation of the swing plane of Foucault's pendulum and Thomas spin precession: two sides of one coin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krivoruchenko, Mikhail I [Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Russian Federation State Scientific Center, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2009-08-31

    Using elementary geometric tools, we apply essentially the same methods to derive expressions for the rotation angle of the swing plane of Foucault's pendulum and the rotation angle of the spin of a relativistic particle moving in a circular orbit (the Thomas precession effect). (methodological notes)

  19. Foucault pendulum at the south pole: Proposal for an experiment to detect the earth's general relativistic gravitomagnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Braginsky, V.B.; Polnarev, A.G.; Thorne, K.S.

    1984-01-01

    An experiment is proposed for measuring the earth's gravitomagnetic field by monitoring its effect on the plane of swing of a Foucault pendulum at the south pole (''dragging of inertial frames by earth's rotation''). With great effort a 10% experiment in a measurement time of several months might be achieved

  20. Rotation of the swing plane of Foucault's pendulum and Thomas spin precession: two sides of one coin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krivoruchenko, Mikhail I

    2009-01-01

    Using elementary geometric tools, we apply essentially the same methods to derive expressions for the rotation angle of the swing plane of Foucault's pendulum and the rotation angle of the spin of a relativistic particle moving in a circular orbit (the Thomas precession effect). (methodological notes)

  1. METHODOLOGICAL NOTES: Rotation of the swing plane of Foucault's pendulum and Thomas spin precession: two sides of one coin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krivoruchenko, Mikhail I.

    2009-08-01

    Using elementary geometric tools, we apply essentially the same methods to derive expressions for the rotation angle of the swing plane of Foucault's pendulum and the rotation angle of the spin of a relativistic particle moving in a circular orbit (the Thomas precession effect).

  2. Foucaults Dispositive

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raffnsøe, Sverre; Gudmand-Høyer, Marius T.; Thaning, Morten Sørensen

    2016-01-01

    While Foucault’s work has had a crucial impact on organizational research, the analytical potential of the dispositive has not been sufficiently developed. The purpose of this article is to reconstruct the notion of the dispositive as a key conception in Foucault’s thought, particularly in his...

  3. ŚMIERĆ BOGA I ŚMIECH CZŁOWIEKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARCIN SMERDA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Author of the article starts with a question about the meaning of the activity that is writing. He looks for answers in ‘The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences’ by Michel Foucault, which – according to the author – emerged from the experience of the laughter, triggered by the book of Jorge Louis Borgese, in which he included an excerpt from the Chinese encyclopedia describing the classification of animals. The author is analysing this phenomenon in detail, inter alia in the context of what about the laughter thought Georges Bataille, who greatly inspired Foucault. However, the author does not end his deliberation with an answer to the question: ‘Why Foucault wrote ‘The Order of Things’’, where the philosopher announced ‘the death of man’ for the first time. He is trying to go deeper and answer the question: ‘why the man had to die?’

  4. Hamartia: Foucault and Iran 1978–1979 (2: Scholarship and significance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann Beukes

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Against the backdrop of the introduction and analysis of Foucault’s Iran writings in the first of two articles, this second article attempts to contribute to an understanding of Foucault’s involvement in the revolution in Iran (1978–1979 by 1 employing the concluding suggestions in the first article as premises for 2 an analysis of three explicit contributions (Janet Afary and Kevin Anderson, Ian Almond, and Danny Postel that have been made recently on this traditionally neglected issue in Foucault scholarship, 3 and, via the notion of an ‘ethics of Self-discomfort’, arguing for an acknowledgement of the philosophical significance of Foucault’s involvement in Iran and his writings from that period.

  5. Infant mortality and prenatal care: contributions of the clinic in the light of Canguilhem and Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueiredo, Paula Pereira de; Lunardi Filho, Wilson Danilo; Lunardi, Valéria Lerch; Pimpão, Fernanda Demutti

    2012-01-01

    This review study aimed to verify how studies conducted in Brazil have related infant mortality to prenatal care and to present contributions of the clinic in the light of Canguilhem and Foucault for qualification of the care. An integrative literature review was conducted from searches in the databases SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE and BDENF for the period 2000 to 2009. The relationship between infant mortality and prenatal care is related to the insufficient number of consultations or to the quality of the care provided. Even when the number of and routine consultations in the prenatal care were adequate, avoidable deaths were present. For the qualification of prenatal care, it is suggested that the clinical knowledge and other elements that comprise the process of human living are considered, in order that the clinical view is enlarged and articulated to the technologies available in the health system and, together, they are able to contribute to the reduction of infant mortality in Brazil.

  6. Foucault Retires to the Gym: Understanding Embodied Aging in the Third Age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allain, Kristi A; Marshall, Barbara

    2017-09-01

    In light of recent social pressures leading to a reimagining of the "Third Age" as a time of constant activity rather than repose and relaxation, this article explores the pressure on individuals to age "successfully" by engaging in physical activity in later life. Through semi-structured interviews with 15 retired or semi-retired gym-goers (eight women and seven men), the article examines how this call to increased activity impacts the ways active mid-life and older adults understand themselves and others. Drawing on Foucault's understandings of the productive nature of power, we argue that those who perceive themselves as successfully heeding the call to active aging position themselves in contrast to inactive peers. Within a neoliberal framework, these participants self-identify as morally responsible citizens who, as a result of engagement in fitness activities, are authorized to survey and discipline the bodies of those "others" who will not or cannot engage in regular exercise.

  7. Repensando o conceito de diglossia à luz de Michel de Certeau

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    Miguel Afonso Linhares

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho consiste em uma reflexão sobre o conceito de diglossia, uma palavra cuja especialização semântica nos estudos linguísticos se deu através de Jean Psichari em 1885. Não obstante, veio ganhar precisão teórica apenas em 1959, por Charles Ferguson. A partir da publicação do seu artigo, o conceito teve um sucesso imediato na Sociolinguística. Este artigo segue a esteira dessas discussões, com o objetivo de repensar o sujeito falante da “variedade baixa” ou “língua dominada”. Para tanto, valemo-nos da reflexão de Michel de Certeau (1994 sobre o cotidiano, especialmente das categorias de estratégia e de tática. Na primeira seção do artigo, traçamos um percurso pela história do termo diglossia, desde os seus significados nos primeiros testemunhos até a sua consolidação como conceito científico através de Ferguson (1959 e Fishman (1967. A seguinte é um encaminhamento à reflexão: expomos uma leitura crítica dos artigos mencionados e algumas críticas por parte de outros sociolinguistas. A terceira é o lugar de dar algumas informações sobre o caso de diglossia que serve de fundamento e ilustração à reflexão: a diglossia espanhol-catalão na Catalunha. Enfim, na quarta o leitor alcança a reflexão almejada: o sujeito falante da “variedade baixa” ou “língua dominada” não é um mero paciente em uma relação alto-baixo ou dominante-dominado, mas também um agente no campo hegemônico, que usa de táticas para contra-arrestar a dominação.

  8. Reformulación del cuestionario de Michel para tamizaje de migraña

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    Luis Alfonso Díaz Martínez

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes. Al estimar la prevalencia de migraña es importante conocer la capacidad discriminativa de la prueba empleada. El cuestionario de diagnóstico estandarizado para migraña de Michel es una herramienta útil en este sentido, pero es posible mejorar su capacidad diagnóstica ajustando los puntos asignados a cada ítem evaluado. Material y métodos. Se aplicó el cuestionario a 170 estudiantes de psicología seleccionados al azar, con posterior evaluación por neurólogo para corroborar el diagnóstico de migraña. Se utilizó la metodología de Kraemer para reasignar el puntaje del cuestionario con base a la asociación de un modelo saturado de regresión binomial de los ítems del cuestionario. Se estimaron las curvas receptor-operador (ROC para el sistema de puntuación original y para el sistema hallado, comparándolos por el método de máxima verosimilitud. Resultados: Con los puntajes originales el área bajo ROC fue de 0.8529; el mejor puntaje discri­mina­torio 13 puntos, con sensibilidad de 58.6 por ciento (IC95% 44.9%-71.4%, especificidad 89.3 por ciento (IC 95% 82.0%-94.3% y concordancia de 78.8 por ciento (IC 95% 71.9%-84.7%. Con el nuevo puntaje el área bajo ROC pasó a 0.907; la mejor capacidad de discriminación está en 18 puntos, con sensibilidad de 65.5 por ciento (IC95% 51.9%-77.5%, especificidad de 92.0 por ciento (IC95% 85.3%-93.3% y concordancia de 84.7 por ciento (IC95% 76.4%-89.3%. La ROC del nuevo sistema de puntuación es mejor que la original (p=0.016. Conclusiones. La reformulación del cuestionario optimiza la capacidad discriminatoria del cuestionario.

  9. Mundos Possíveis de Michel Vaillant: Altermundismo nas Histórias em Quadrinhos de Automobilismo

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    Rafael Duarte Oliveira Venancio

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo deseja observar como a história em quadrinhos sobre automobilismo, notadamente a do personagem Michel Vaillant, consegue engendrar, em sua narrativa, mundos possíveis que, mesmo com atributos ficcionais, se vinculam à referencialidade dos fatos ocorridos no esporte. Utilizando-se o arcabouço teórico de Umberto Eco e de David Lewis, o objetivo aqui é refletir acerca desse exercício de isomorfismo lingüístico, bem como desvelar as estratégias altermundistas utilizadas.

  10. On the Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equations, and spin-orbit coupling: A tribute to Raymond Stora

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duval, Christian

    2016-11-01

    The Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equations describing the motions of a spinning, charged, relativistic particle endowed with an anomalous magnetic moment in an electromagnetic field, are reconsidered. They are shown to duly stem from the linearization of the characteristic distribution of a presymplectic structure refining the original one of Souriau. In this model, once specialized to the case of a static electric-like field, the angular momentum and energy given by the associated moment map now correctly restore the spin-orbit coupling term. This is the state-of-the-art of unfinished joint work with Raymond Stora.

  11. É possível uma sociologia do sujeito? Uma abordagem sobre as teorias de Foucault e Touraine Is a sociology of the subject possible? An approach to the theories of Foucault and Touraine

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    Neiva Furlin

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio de pesquisa analisa as concepções teóricas da noção de sujeito nas obras de dois intelectuais franceses, Touraine e Foucault. Trata-se de uma abordagem comparativa, na qual se busca estabelecer uma relação entre os aspectos que convergem e se distinguem na teoria social desses autores, procurando refletir sobre as suas contribuições para a compreensão da sociedade contemporânea, especificamente no que tange aos processos de subjetivação dos indivíduos. Em razão disso, selecionaram-se as últimas obras da trajetória acadêmica desses intelectuais. Tanto Touraine como Foucault apontam contribuições teóricas para uma sociologia que não recorre aos grandes fenômenos históricos, mas que coloca em cena o esforço do sujeito no interior das microrrelações sociais, em suas contradições culturais, econômicas, políticas e pessoais.This research essay analyzes the theoretical concepts of the notion of "subject" in the works of two French intellectuals, Touraine and Foucault. This comparative approach seeks to establish a relation between the convergent and the contrasting aspects of their social theories, on the purpose of reflecting on their contributions to the comprehension of contemporary society, especially concerning individuals' subjectivation processes. For this purpose we chose the last works in the scholarly trajectory of these intellectuals. Touraine as well as Foucault offer theoretical contributions to a sociology that does not resort to the great historical phenomena, but puts the efforts of the subjects within their social micro-relations on the stage, considering their cultural, economic, political and personal contradictions.

  12. Non destructive testing of PWR type fuel pencils by Foucault currents and metrology in the OSIRIS reactor pool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marchand, L.

    1984-09-01

    The device presented in this paper, has been developed to satisfy, first, the requirements of nondestructive examinations of irradiated fuel pencils. The technics used allow the acquisition of reliable and detailed information on the state of cans. The computerized data exploitation allows to integrate quickly any improvement factor while allowing to carry out the researches on the automatic diagnostic of Eddy current signals. Now, the equipments of the bench allow visual, metrological and Foucault current simultaneous examinations [fr

  13. UMA ANÁLISE ECONÔMICO-FINANCEIRA DO CAPITAL DE GIRO DA EMPRESA ALFA S/A SEGUNDO O MODELO DE MICHEL FLEURIET

    OpenAIRE

    Francisca Tomé da Silva; Lucas da Silva Campos; Roberto de Sousa Melo; Tayson Cristien Nobre da Costa; Daniel Paiva Mendes

    2017-01-01

    Esse artigo teve como objetivo analisar a estrutura e situação econômico-financeira do capital de giro de uma empresa S/A, sob a óptica do modelo de Michel Fleuriet, que propicia uma análise dinâmica financeira. Com a reclassificação das contas, identificou-se três variáveis necessárias pelo modelo de Michel Fleuriet: necessidade de capital de giro (NCG), capital de giro (CDG) e saldo de tesouraria (ST). A pesquisa foi realizada nas demonstrações financeiras padronizadas (DFP) referentes aos ...

  14. CONTRIBUIÇÕES DO PENSAMENTO DE MICHEL MAFFESOLI PARA PESQUISA EM ENFERMAGEM E SAÚDE

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    Rosane Gonçalves Nistchke

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: realizar un análisis de la producción científica en el área de la Enfermería y de la Salud que adoptó el referencial teórico y metodológico de Michel Maffesoli, así como reflexionar sobre sus contribuciones a la enfermería y salud. Método: revisión integrativa de literatura, a partir de publicaciones científicas del área de la Salud, indexadas en las bases de datos SciELO ® , BVS, Scopus ® , CINAHL ® , PubMed ® , Web of Science ® . En el presente trabajo se analizaron los resultados obtenidos en el análisis de los resultados obtenidos en el estudio. Se empleó la palabra “Maffesoli”, teniendo como criterios de inclusión ser artículos completos, originales o de reflexión, que aplicaron el referencial teórico de Michel Maffesoli en el análisis o discusión de los datos, disponibles en los idiomas portugués, inglés, español y francés. Resultados : se seleccionaron 30 artículos, siendo gran parte de ellos con abordaje cualitativo y oriundos de la enfermería. Las nociones más presentes en los estudios fueron cotidianos, ética de la estética, tribu, potencia, juego doble, posmodernidad, los cuales abordaron lo cotidiano en sus diferentes escenarios de cuidado. Se expresa la importancia de estar atento a los aspectos subjetivos de lo cotidiano, considerando su complejidad, posibilitando nuevos y otros modos de estar-juntos. Conclusión : el pensamiento de Michel Maffesoli contribuye a la construcción del conocimiento en enfermería y salud, indicando caminos en las dimensiones del cuidado, en el campo académico y profesional, a partir del cotidiano de las personas, resignificando el cuidado que va más allá de la técnica, nos cambia la mirada y la dirección, para que podamos estar en sintonía con las diferentes situaciones del vivir y del convivir, abandonando el des-envolvimiento, para involucrarnos con un cuidado afectivo, el que toca, siendo, por lo tanto, efectivo.

  15. The anisosphere as a new tool for interpreting Foucault pendulum experiments. Part I: harmonic oscillators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verreault, René

    2017-08-01

    In an attempt to explain the tendency of Foucault pendula to develop elliptical orbits, Kamerlingh Onnes derived equations of motion that suggest the use of great circles on a spherical surface as a graphical illustration for an anisotropic bi-dimensional harmonic oscillator, although he did not himself exploit the idea any further. The concept of anisosphere is introduced in this work as a new means of interpreting pendulum motion. It can be generalized to the case of any two-dimensional (2-D) oscillating system, linear or nonlinear, including the case where coupling between the 2 degrees of freedom is present. Earlier pendulum experiments in the literature are revisited and reanalyzed as a test for the anisosphere approach. While that graphical method can be applied to strongly nonlinear cases with great simplicity, this part I is illustrated through a revisit of Kamerlingh Onnes' dissertation, where a high performance pendulum skillfully emulates a 2-D harmonic oscillator. Anisotropy due to damping is also described. A novel experiment strategy based on the anisosphere approach is proposed. Finally, recent original results with a long pendulum using an electronic recording alidade are presented. A gain in precision over traditional methods by 2-3 orders of magnitude is achieved.

  16. O efeito educacional em Foucault. O governamento, uma questão pedagógica?

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    Dora Lilia Marín-Díaz

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo retoma a tese de Hoskin (1993b segundo a qual o trabalho arqueológico e genealógico de Foucault girou ao redor de problemas educacionais ainda que ele não fosse ciente dessa questão. Além de ratificar ou rejeitar essa afirmação, o texto considera que a noção de "governamentalidade", construída nos seus últimos cursos no Collège de France pode ser mais bem compreendida se considerada a partir da análise das práticas pedagógicas, pois estas constituem práticas privilegiadas de condução da conduta própria e a dos outros. Para suportar essa afirmação, mostraremos, com alguns exemplos derivados de pesquisas prévias, a centralidade das práticas pedagógicas nos modos de praticar a condução da vida na chamada Modernidade e sua relevância nas formas de condução contemporâneas.

  17. Problematizing special observation in psychiatry: Foucault, archaeology, genealogy, discourse and power/knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, C; Cutcliffe, J

    2006-12-01

    Special observation by mental health professionals is the recommended approach for those people deemed as at risk or risky. Recent research and academic writing have challenged the benefits of observing people/patients who are defined as 'at risk', and a more human engagement process is being recommended. Despite this assault, practice has not changed substantively, suggesting a need for a thorough exploration and questioning of the practices and process. The paper outlines three Foucaultian approaches to historical analysis. It applies aspects of Foucault's archaeology/genealogy, discourse and power/knowledge to explore the practices of special observation as a means of controlling risk, especially suicide risk. We identify the regulatory function of the 'gaze', professional codes and government policy in relation to restricting professional practices. We argue that observation can be related to moral therapy, wherein the person relinquishes madness for responsibility through a disciplinary process and, in governing risk, a 'professional industry' is created. The regulation of statements about people with mental health issues are exposed and related to what can be said and done by professionals. Finally, we look at productive power in relation to observation, and how it is intimately related to resistance. We conclude with 'soft' recommendations for practice discursively produced through the writing of the paper.

  18. Biopolítica e Desenvolvimento? Foucault e Agamben sobre Estado, Governo e Violência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme F. W. Radomsky

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as relações entre biopolítica e desenvolvimento sob o ângulo das noções de Estado, governo e violência. O objetivo consiste em examinar elementos analíticos que gravitam em torno de perspectivas críticas do desenvolvimento buscando um eixo interpretativo sobre a ambivalência das ações do Estado a partir de duas possibilidades teóricas que convergem no pensamento de Giorgio Agamben: a análise do biopoder e do governo em Foucault e as articulações entre violência e lei que remetem a Walter Benjamin. A reflexão sobre os argumentos teóricos é realizada examinando-se dados oriundos de pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa sobre políticas para a agricultura ecológica no sul do Brasil. As conclusões mostram que o desenvolvimento e seus benefícios podem ser problematizados pelo olhar do biopoder e da violência, que reconfiguram o que seja desenvolvimento, menos como expansão do bem-estar e mais como impulso modernizante de mudança que se ampara em administrar a vida.

  19. Nicolas Michel, Une économie de subsistances. Le Maroc précolonial, IFAO, Le Caire, 1997.

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    Sylvie Denoix

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Le titre de cet ouvrage peut apparaître paradoxal si l'on considère, comme le rappelle Nicolas Michel, que le Maroc, dès avant le XIXe siècle, était inséré dans une économie marchande internationale "faisant circuler dans tout le pays produits et espèces monétaires". En fait, les produits de première nécessité échappent au grand négoce et font plutôt l'objet d'un troc, d'un échange contre services, hors système monétaire. Néanmoins, dans un souci de rigueur méthodologique, l'auteur nous garde...

  20. Composition of Fish Communities in a European Macrotidal Salt Marsh (the Mont Saint-Michel Bay, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laffaille, P.; Feunteun, E.; Lefeuvre, J.-C.

    2000-10-01

    At least 100 fish species are known to be present in the intertidal areas (estuaries, mudflats and salt marshes) of Mont Saint-Michel Bay. These and other comparable shallow marine coastal waters, such as estuaries and lagoons, play a nursery role for many fish species. However, in Europe little attention has been paid to the value of tidal salt marshes for fishes. Between March 1996 and April 1999, 120 tides were sampled in a tidal creek. A total of 31 species were caught. This community was largely dominated by mullets ( Liza ramada represent 87% of the total biomass) and sand gobies ( Pomatoschistus minutus and P. lozanoi represent 82% of the total numbers). These species and also Gasterosteus aculeatus , Syngnathus rostellatus, Dicentrarchus labrax, Mugil spp., Liza aurata and Sprattus sprattus were the most frequent species (>50% of monthly frequency of occurrence). In Europe, salt marshes and their creeks are flooded only during high spring tides. So, fishes only invade this environment during short immersion periods, and no species can be considered as marsh resident. But, the salt marsh was colonized by fish every time the tide reached the creek, and during the short time of flood, dominant fishes fed actively and exploited the high productivity. Nevertheless, this study shows that there is little interannual variation in the fish community and there are three ' seasons ' in the fish fauna of the marsh. Marine straggler and marine estuarine dependent species colonize marshes between spring (recruitment period in the bay) and autumn before returning into deeper adjacent waters. Estuarine fishes are present all year round with maximum abundances in the end of summer. The presence of fishes confirms that this kind of wetland plays an important trophic and nursery role for these species. Differences in densities and stages distribution of these species into Mont Saint-Michel systems (tidal mudflats, estuaries and tidal salt marshes) can reduce the trophic

  1. Correlación y conversión entre valores de colinesterasa eritrocitaria medida con las técnicas de Michel y EQM®

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Carmona-Fonseca

    2006-12-01

    Conclusión. Este sistema de ecuaciones lineales permitirá convertir unidades Michel (delta PH/hora en unidades EQM (U/g oxihemoglobina y viceversa, lo cual facilitará el trabajo en ambientes clínicos y epidemiológicos.

  2. Foucault, fields of governability, and the population–family–economy nexus in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Malcolm

    2012-01-01

    It was only in the early twentieth century that China discovered that it had a population, at least if a population is understood not as a simple number of people but instead in terms of such features as variable levels of health, birth and death rates, age, sex, dependency ratios, and so on—as an object with a distinct rationality and intrinsic dynamics that can be made the target of a specific kind of direct intervention. In 1900, such a developmentalist conception of the population simply did not exist in China; by the 1930s, it pervaded the entire social and political field from top to bottom. Through a reading of a series of foundational texts in population and family reformism in China, this paper argues that this birth of the Chinese population occurred as a result of a general transformation of practices of governing, one that necessarily also involved a reconceptualization of the family and a new logic of overall social rationalization; in short, the isolation of a population–family–economy nexus as a central field of modern governing. This process is captured by elaborating and extending Foucault's studies of the historical emergence of apparatuses (dispositifs) into a notion of fields of governability. Finally, this paper argues that the one-child policy, launched in the late 1970s, should be understood not in isolation from the imposition of the “family-responsibility system” in agriculture and market reforms in exactly that period, but as part—mutatis mutandis—of a return to a form of governing that was developed in the first half of the twentieth century.

  3. Towards the automatization of the Foucault knife-edge quantitative test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, G.; Villa, J.; Martínez, G.; de la Rosa, I.; Ivanov, R.

    2017-08-01

    Given the increasing necessity of simple, economical and reliable methods and instruments for performing quality tests of optical surfaces such as mirrors and lenses, in the recent years we resumed the study of the long forgotten Foucault knife-edge test from the point of view of the physical optics, ultimately achieving a closed mathematical expression that directly relates the knife-edge position along the displacement paraxial axis with the observable irradiance pattern, which later allowed us to propose a quantitative methodology for estimating the wavefront error of an aspherical mirror with precision akin to interferometry. In this work, we present a further improved digital image processing algorithm in which the sigmoidal cost-function for calculating the transient slope-point of each associated intensity-illumination profile is replaced for a simplified version of it, thus making the whole process of estimating the wavefront gradient remarkably more stable and efficient, at the same time, the Fourier based algorithm employed for gradient integration has been replaced as well for a regularized quadratic cost-function that allows a considerably easier introduction of the region of interest (ROI) of the function, which solved by means of a linear gradient conjugate method largely increases the overall accuracy and efficiency of the algorithm. This revised approach of our methodology can be easily implemented and handled by most single-board microcontrollers in the market, hence enabling the implementation of a full-integrated automatized test apparatus, opening a realistic path for even the proposal of a stand-alone optical mirror analyzer prototype.

  4. A contact-less method to evaluate the state of charge of nickel batteries using Foucault's eddy currents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancier, V.; Metrot, A.; Willmann, P.

    A nickel hydroxide electrode and a commercial battery have been studied by a new and contact-less impedance method, based on Foucault's eddy currents, with the aim of determining their state of charge. Four different current line distributions have been employed and the impedance versus time graphs obtained show a linear variation of this impedance during charge and discharge for all configurations. This new method allows the determination of the state of charge and, furthermore some "artifacts" obvious on these graphs may be useful to detect a deterioration of the studied material.

  5. Alfred Donné and Léon Foucault: the first applications of electricity and photography to medical illustration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, William

    2006-03-01

    The first electric projecting microscope and the first published photomicrographs harnessed recent technological developments to provide improved methods of medical illustration for educational purposes. Both projects were the work of two Frenchmen. The impetus came from the microscopist Dr Alfred Donné (1801-78), discoverer of trichomonas vaginalis and leukaemia. Implementation was primarily by his medical-student assistant, Léon Foucault (1819-68), who later gained fame as a physicist, especially with his pendulum demonstration of the Earth's rotation.

  6. Observation of Phase Objects by Using an X-ray Microscope with a Foucault Knife-Edge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, N.; Sasaya, T.; Imai, Y.; Iwata, S.; Zama, K.; Aoki, S.

    2011-09-01

    An x-ray microscope with a zone plate was assembled at the synchrotron radiation source of BL3C, Photon Factory. A Foucault knife-edge was set at the back focal plate of the objective zone plate and phase retrieval was tested by scanning the knife-edge. A preliminary result shows that scanning the knife-edge during exposure was effective for phase retrieval. Phase-contrast tomography was investigated using differential projection images calculated from two Schlieren images with the oppositely oriented knife-edges. Fairly good reconstruction images of polystyrene beads and spores could be obtained.

  7. Observation of Phase Objects by Using an X-ray Microscope with a Foucault Knife-Edge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, N.; Sasaya, T.; Imai, Y.; Iwata, S.; Zama, K.; Aoki, S.

    2011-01-01

    An x-ray microscope with a zone plate was assembled at the synchrotron radiation source of BL3C, Photon Factory. A Foucault knife-edge was set at the back focal plate of the objective zone plate and phase retrieval was tested by scanning the knife-edge. A preliminary result shows that scanning the knife-edge during exposure was effective for phase retrieval. Phase-contrast tomography was investigated using differential projection images calculated from two Schlieren images with the oppositely oriented knife-edges. Fairly good reconstruction images of polystyrene beads and spores could be obtained.

  8. Experimental and numerical examination of eddy (Foucault) currents in rotating micro-coils: Generation of heat and its impact on sample temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguiar, Pedro M.; Jacquinot, Jacques-François; Sakellariou, Dimitris

    2009-09-01

    The application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to systems of limited quantity has stimulated the use of micro-coils (diameter Foucault (eddy) currents, which generate heat. We report the first data acquired with a 4 mm MACS system and spinning up to 10 kHz. The need to spin faster necessitates improved methods to control heating. We propose an approximate solution to calculate the power losses (heat) from the eddy currents for a solenoidal coil, in order to provide insight into the functional dependencies of Foucault currents. Experimental tests of the dependencies reveal conditions which result in reduced sample heating and negligible temperature distributions over the sample volume.

  9. Experimental and numerical examination of eddy (Foucault) currents in rotating micro-coils: Generation of heat and its impact on sample temperature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguiar, Pedro M; Jacquinot, Jacques-François; Sakellariou, Dimitris

    2009-09-01

    The application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to systems of limited quantity has stimulated the use of micro-coils (diameter Foucault (eddy) currents, which generate heat. We report the first data acquired with a 4mm MACS system and spinning up to 10kHz. The need to spin faster necessitates improved methods to control heating. We propose an approximate solution to calculate the power losses (heat) from the eddy currents for a solenoidal coil, in order to provide insight into the functional dependencies of Foucault currents. Experimental tests of the dependencies reveal conditions which result in reduced sample heating and negligible temperature distributions over the sample volume.

  10. [Reference values for erythrocyte cholinesterase activity in the working population of Antioquia, Colombia, according to the Michel and EQM techniques].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmona-Fonseca, Jaime

    2003-11-01

    To establish reference values for erythrocyte cholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.7) activity for the active working population of two regions of the department of Antioquia, Colombia, that are located at different altitudes above sea level. We took representative samples from populations of active working persons 18 to 59 years old from two regions in the department of Antioquia: (1) the Aburrá Valley (1 540 m above sea level) and (2) the near east of the department (2 150 m above sea level). We excluded workers who were using cholinesterase-inhibiting substances in their work or at home, those who had a disease that altered their cholinesterase levels, and those who said they were not in good health. We measured the erythrocyte cholinesterase activity using two methods: (1) the Michel method and (2) the EQM method (EQM Research, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America). We carried out the measurements with 827 people, 415 from the Aburrá Valley and 412 from the near east region. We compared proportions using the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. We utilized the Student's t test for independent samples to compare two averages. To simultaneously compare three or more averages, analysis of variance was used, followed by the Newman-Keuls multiple-range test. When the variables were not normally distributed or when the variances were not homogeneous, Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric analysis of variance was used to compare the medians. Three computer software programs were used in the statistical analysis: SPSS 9.0, SGPlus 7.1, and Epi Info 6.04. In all the statistical tests the level of significance was set at P EQM method was 35.21 U/g hemoglobin (95% CI: 34.82 to 35.60). With the Michel method: (1) the enzymatic activity differed significantly between the two regions, according to the Newman-Keuls test; (2) within each region, the enzymatic activity was significantly higher among males than among females, according to the Newman-Keuls test; and (3) in none of the

  11. LA NOCIÓN DE PODER DESDE FOUCAULT: UNA PERSPECTIVA EDUCOMUNICACIONAL

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    Victoria Elena Santillán Briceño

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En la empresa de las ciencias humanas se privilegia la comprensión del proceso mismo de la construcción de la realidad social. Pretensión que apuesta por la reflexión de las condiciones materiales de la vida social en el reconocimiento de elaboraciones simbólicas, personales y colectivas.Para esto, es importante considerar que no hay una sola racionalidad desde la que sean pensables todas las dimensiones de la actual complejidad, ello abre el espacio al análisis procesual de las instituciones sociales. Así, la producción social del conocimiento puede examinarse a partir de la propia trama comunicativa –modos y agentes de emisión, recepción, interpretación, relación y procesos simbólicos- que constituyen lo cultural, estrechamente ligado con la articulación y propagación del discurso verdadero, con las formas de producción, reproducción, distribución y circulación del saber. Ya que educación es hoy, construcción de significados que tienen como base la comunicación. Es justamente en el cruce de los dispositivos desarrollados por el pensamiento de Foucault, donde se propone el reconocimiento de los instrumentos teórico-metodológicos para el abordaje investigativo de la educación en su dimensión comunicativa. Enfoque que modifica el análisis hermenéutico de la construcción y reconstrucción de identidades sociales y representaciones que otorgan sentido y significación a las prácticas sociales.Se trata de no ver al ser humano como un objeto sino como factor de cambio para todo el sistema social, a través de descubrir y describir los sistemas estratégicos de saber y poder que configuran la subjetividad que atraviesa y permea toda práctica educativa, comunicativa y social.

  12. Proyecto y filosofía (A propósito del proyecto filosófico de Foucault

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    Juan Manuel NAVARRO CORDÓN

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Considerando que la -idea de proyecto» -tal como se deduce de la modernidad y de la filosofía actual- ha conducido a una concepción del hombre como producción de sí, cabe recapitular la crítica de Foucault al somnoliento proyecto antropológico moderno, describiendo su planteamiento (filosofía como arqueología, diagnóstico y refutación como filosofía crítica de la ciencia o de las condiciones en las que el hombre problematiza su entorno y su ser.ABSTRACT: If we consider that the «idea of project» -as deduced from modernity and current philosophy- has led to a conception of the human being as self-production, then it is possible to summarize Foucault's critics to the induced sleepy modern anthropological project by describing its exposition (philosophy as archaeology, diagnosis and rebuttal as a philosophy that criticizes science and the conditions in which man attempts to examine the world-around and his being.

  13. Assessing the role of benthic filter feeders on phytoplankton production in a shellfish farming site: Mont Saint Michel Bay, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cugier, Philippe; Struski, Caroline; Blanchard, Michel; Mazurié, Joseph; Pouvreau, Stéphane; Olivier, Frédéric; Trigui, Jihane R.; Thiébaut, Eric

    2010-07-01

    The macrobenthic community of Mont Saint Michel Bay (English Channel, France) is mainly dominated by filter feeders, including cultivated species (oysters and mussels). An ecological model of the bay was developed, coupling a 2D hydro-sedimentary model and two biological models for primary production and filter-feeder filtration. The filter-feeder model includes three cultivated species ( Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas and Ostrea edulis), one invasive species ( Crepidula fornicata) and eight wild native species ( Abra alba, Cerastoderma edule, Glycymeris glycymeris, Lanice conchilega, Macoma balthica, Paphia rhomboides, Sabellaria alveolata, andSpisula ovalis). For cultivated and invasive species, the production of biodeposits was computed to assess their role in restimulating primary production. Chlorophyll a concentrations appeared to be strongly controlled by the filter feeders. When the pressure of each benthic compartment on phytoplankton was estimated separately wild species and the invasive slipper limpet C.fornicata were shown to be key elements in the control of primary production. Conversely, the role of cultivated species, particularly oysters, was weaker. Feedback due to the mineralization of biodeposits also appears to be crucial to fully evaluate the role of filter feeders in primary production.

  14. L’individu comme problème phénoménologique chez Hannah Arendt et Michel Henry

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    Jan Cerny

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude, dans un premier temps, apporte des preuves à la possibilité d’interpréter la pensée politique de Hannah Arendt comme un projet phénoménologique original dont le but est d’élever l’apparence de la personne au rang de mode unique de l’apparaître. Puis elle présente brièvement la phénoménologie matérielle de Michel Henry dans laquelle le Soi individuel joue un rôle tout aussi central, puisqu’il est la condition de l’apparence de la vie et le fondement de tout apparaître. En conclusion, l’étude esquisse les conséquences d’une telle position privilégiée du sujet individuel pour la conception théorique de la réalité effective de l’apparaître, de même que pour les problèmes pratiques de l’action de l’homme dans le monde.

  15. "De la modération" de Michel de Montaigne a la inmoderación de Hernán Cortés

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    Juan Durán Luzio

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Se postula en este artículo que Michel de Montaigne al concluir su ensayo "De la modération" (I.XXX introduce un párrafo final relativo a Hernán Cortés y la conquista de México, el cual, proveniente de fuentes históricas, le sirve al ensayista para establecer una fuerte ironía sobre los excesos y actos carentes de moderación que han ocurrido en la conquista de América. This article postulates that Michel de Montaigne introduces a final paragraph at the conclusion of his essay "De la modération" (I.XXX, that refers to Hernán Cortés and the conquest of Mexico, which, coming from historical sources, helps the essayist to establish and ironic interpretation of the excesses and inmoderate acts occurred during the conquest of America.

  16. Michel Spiro is appointed director of the IN2P3 and the Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics of the CNRS

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Michel Spiro was appointed director of the IN2P3, by order of the Minister of Youth, National Education and Research and the Minister of Research and New Technologies on February 17, 2003. He was also appointed director of the Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics of the CNRS by decision of the CNRS Director General on February 21, 2003" (1/2 page).

  17. UMA ANÁLISE ECONÔMICO-FINANCEIRA DO CAPITAL DE GIRO DA EMPRESA ALFA S/A SEGUNDO O MODELO DE MICHEL FLEURIET

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    Francisca Tomé da Silva

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo teve como objetivo analisar a estrutura e situação econômico-financeira do capital de giro de uma empresa S/A, sob a óptica do modelo de Michel Fleuriet, que propicia uma análise dinâmica financeira. Com a reclassificação das contas, identificou-se três variáveis necessárias pelo modelo de Michel Fleuriet: necessidade de capital de giro (NCG, capital de giro (CDG e saldo de tesouraria (ST. A pesquisa foi realizada nas demonstrações financeiras padronizadas (DFP referentes aos anos de 2014 e 2015 de uma empresa de capital aberto S/A, disponibilizadas no site da empresa e no site da Bolsa de Valores do Estado de São Paulo (BM&FBOVESPA no período de abril e maio de 2016, a empresa apresentou situação sólida nos dois anos, sob a óptica de Michel Fleuriet.  Os resultados obtidos apresentaram conformidade com as ideias dos autores utilizados, onde a análise dinâmica na empresa em estudo apontou necessidade de capital de giro, mas com capital de giro superior a essa necessidade, levando ao saldo de tesouraria positivo.

  18. Reporting on a Talk I Gave Some Months Ago, the Headline in "La Opinion," Los Angeles' Premier Spanish Language Newspaper, Declared the City's School System "en crisis permanente." No One Wrote in to Disagree. The Claremont Letter. Volume 3, Issue 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerchner, Charles T.

    2008-01-01

    Reporting on a talk the author gave some months ago, the headline in "La Opinion," Los Angeles' premier Spanish language newspaper, declared the city's school system "en crisis permanente." No one wrote in to disagree. Indeed, at the end of "Learning from L.A.: Institutional Change in American Public Education" (Harvard Education Press) the author…

  19. His Excellency Mr Ion Iliescu, President of Romania flanked by Jim Allaby (left, light suit) and Michel Della Negra. Far left Dan Nica, Minister for Communications and Information Technology and Constantin Valeca, Minister Delegate for Research

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2001-01-01

    Photo 01 : Michel Della Negra explains some of the general principles behind CMS to President Iliescu. Photo 04 : Director General Luciano Maiani watches as Romanian President Iliescu signs the CERN guest book

  20. The Prayers and Tears of Foucault: Panopticism and the Politics of Dissent in "An Enemy of the People" and "Look Back in Anger"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeihouni, Mojtaba; Torkamaneh, Pouria

    2016-01-01

    Drawing on the thought of Foucault, this article argues that the anarchistic protagonists of Henrik Ibsen's "An Enemy of the People" (1882) and John Osborne's "Look Back in Anger" (1956) are engaged in a hegemonic battle which puts their identities at stake and ultimately exiles them to isolation. It points out that the very…

  1. Foucault e Heidegger. A ética e as formas históricas do habitar (e do não habitar

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    LUÍS CLAUDIO FIGUEIREDO

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma entrevista em que Foucault coloca a obra de Heidegger como uma das duas bases fundamentais de seu próprio pensamento (a outra é Nietzsche, o texto desenvolve uma das possibilidades de aproximação entre Heidegger e Foucault: a compreensão da ética enquanto morada e habitação. Os trabalhos derradeiros de Foucault, em que se renova o pensamento da ética através de um nítida separação entre ética e moral e mediante uma análise da ética enquanto procedimentos e técnicas de subjetivação - as tecnologias de si - são então contemplados por este ângulo. Ao final, é retomada e discutida a última mensagem de Foucault, a sua proposta de uma ética entendida como uma nova estética existencial.

  2. As relações entre saber e poder em testes psicodiagnósticos a partir de M. Foucault The relations between knowledge and power in psychodiagnostic tests based on M. Foucault

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    Monica Caron

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available No presente artigo tenho o objetivo de abordar algumas questões relativas aos testes utilizados nos processos psicodiagnósticos de crianças consideradas portadoras de dificuldades de aprendizagem. Tomando como pano de fundo histórico, principalmente, o livro de Foucault Vigiar e Punir (1975/1986, pretendo investigar a hipótese de que a criança é considerada doente, anormal devido a fatores relacionados às normas impostas e não a organicidade e/ou patologia neurológica. Interessa-me refletir sobre os indícios que permitem apontar a concepção de linguagem escrita subjacente aos testes, linguagem esperada e privilegiada, mas que pode não ser a linguagem que a criança usa, vive e experiencia.In this article my main objective is to approach some questions related to the tests used in psychodiagnostics processes of children who are considered as having learning difficulties. Having the book Discipline and Punish (1975/1986 by Foucault as theoretical basis, I intend to investigate the hypothesis that the child is considered ill or abnormal due to the factors related to imposed norms and not to organic aspects and/or neurological pathology. My interest is to analyse the signs that allow us to point out the written language conception of tests. This language is expected and privileged, however it may not be the language that the child uses and experiences every day.

  3. From Life to Existence: A Reconsideration of the Question of Intentionality in Michel Henry’s Ethics

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    Frédéric Seyler

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Michel Henry has renewed our understanding of life as immanent affectivity: life cannot be reduced to what can be made visible; it is – as immanent and as affectivity – radically invisible. However, if life (la vie is radically immanent, the living (le vivant has nonetheless to relate to the world: it has to exist. But, since existence requires and includes intentional components, human reality – being both living and existing – implies that immanence and intentionality be related to one another, even though they are conceived at the same time as radically distinct modes of appearing in Henry’s phenomenology of life. Following this line of thought, we are faced with at least two questions: First, what reality does immanent appearing have for us as existing and intentional beings? And second, from an ethical point of view, what does Henry’s opposition of “barbarism” and “second birth” mean in terms of existence? As will be shown, it follows from the standpoint of radical phenomenology itself that immanent affectivity has reality for us only insofar as it finds its expression or translation in the realm of the intentionally visible and that, with regard to ethics, both “barbarism” and its overcoming in “second birth” are effective only insofar as they are mediated through representations. Henry’s critique of representation and intentionality needs therefore to be revised, especially in the field of practical philosophy, where the essential role played by intentionality has to be acknowledged even by radical phenomenology.

  4. Comparison of various methods for mathematical analysis of the Foucault knife edge test pattern to determine optical imperfections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatewood, B. E.

    1971-01-01

    The linearized integral equation for the Foucault test of a solid mirror was solved by various methods: power series, Fourier series, collocation, iteration, and inversion integral. The case of the Cassegrain mirror was solved by a particular power series method, collocation, and inversion integral. The inversion integral method appears to be the best overall method for both the solid and Cassegrain mirrors. Certain particular types of power series and Fourier series are satisfactory for the Cassegrain mirror. Numerical integration of the nonlinear equation for selected surface imperfections showed that results start to deviate from those given by the linearized equation at a surface deviation of about 3 percent of the wavelength of light. Several possible procedures for calibrating and scaling the input data for the integral equation are described.

  5. Caracterización de harina y almidón de frutos de banano Gros Michel (Musa acuminata AAA

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    Jairo Montoya-López

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En el estudio se determinaron las características fisicoquímicas, térmicas y reológicas de la harina y el almidón de frutos de banano Gros Michel (Musa acuminata cosechado en fincas del departamento del Quindío, Colombia. En el análisis proximal, la harina presentó un contenido de fibra de 18.82% y el almidón presentó contenidos de proteína de 1.92%, grasa de 5.3% y fibra de 2.76%. La harina presentó la temperatura más alta de absorción de calor (68.88 °C y su entalpía de gelatinización fue de 2.17 J/g; mientras que para el almidón estos valores fueron de 48.36 °C y 44.62 J/g, respectivamente. El análisis termogravimétrico (TGA de la harina o temperaturas en las cuales se registra la descomposición de carbohidratos (componentes de bajo peso molecular y polisacáridos (componentes de alto peso molecular fueron, respectivamente, de 284.51 °C y 470.42 °C; y para el almidón fueron de 307.51 °C y 500.46 °C. Los gránulos de almidón de banano tienen forma elipsoidal con un tamaño longitudinal promedio de 39.39 µm y tamaño transversal promedio de 29.47 µm. Los difractogramas de rayos X mostraron patrones de difracción tipo B. Los viscoamilogramas mostraron que para la harina la temperatura de inicio de gelatinización (Tg es de 76.3 °C, la viscosidad máxima de 1120 cP, y para el almidón la Tg fue de 70.75 °C y la viscosidad máxima de 2087 cP.

  6. Contemplando as imagens do ciborgue: reflexões sobre como vê-las a partir das idéias de Michel Maffesoli

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    Nickel, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto procura apresentar algumas propostas sobre como seria possível estudar as imagens do ciborgue através de uma leitura de Michel Maffesoli. Parte de alguns exemplos para discutir a possibilidade de definição do que seja o ciborgue e, depois, articula-o tanto às noções de imaginário quanto a certas características que o sociólogo francês atribui à pós-modernidade

  7. Evaluación de riesgos higiénicos debidos al ruido en la factoría Michelín (Valladolid)

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco Domínguez, Fátima

    2013-01-01

    Se ha realizado la Evaluación de Riesgos debidos al ruido en la Factoría Michelín de Valladolid, según cita el R.D. 286/2006 de 10 de marzo, sobre la protección de la salud y la seguridad de los trabajadores contra los riesgos relacionados con la exposición al ruido, ya que obliga a evaluar el nivel de ruido al que están expuestos los trabajadores. Una vez concluida la evaluación, se toman las medidas preventivas oportunas para que los trabajadores no se vean afectados por excesivos niveles d...

  8. Poder sem solidariedade: Foucault e o Colégio Apostólico (Powers without solidarity: Foucault and the Apostolic College - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n29p213

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    Luiz Alexandre Rossi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available “Poder sem solidariedade” tem como objetivo abordar um texto emblemático do Novo Testamento, isto é, Marcos 10,32-45 com as ferramentas teóricas da teologia bíblica e da teoria foucaultiana a respeito do poder. A metodologia utilizada é de ordem bibliográfica, a partir do diálogo com textos específicos que exploram o texto de Marcos, a sociedade mediterrânea do primeiro século e textos específicos de Foucault sobre o poder. Percebe-se conclusivamente que ao mesmo tempo em que os discípulos de Jesus procuram reproduzir as relações de poder, Jesus propõe um contra-discurso a fim de vislumbrar o poder como solidariedade a favor da comunidade. A intervenção de Jesus introduzirá um discurso de renúncia à aspiração ao poder assim como uma opção fundamental pelo serviço e pela solidariedade. Diante de dois modelos de concepção e prática do poder veremos uma proposta de inversão dos valores que vigoravam em uma sociedade marcada visceralmente pelas ambições. O jogo do poder também estava presente na comunidade de Jesus e seus discípulos procuravam reproduzir aquilo que já era comum ao tecido social. Palavras-chave: Poder. Autoridade. Cristianismo. Sociedade. Domínio. Abstract “Powers without solidarity” aims to address an emblematic text of the New Testament - Mark 10.32-45 - by using the theoretical tools of biblical theology and Foucault's theory about power. The methodology used is bibliographic out of a dialogue with specific texts that explore the text of Mark, the first-century Mediterranean society and specific texts by Foucault on power. It can be conclusively seen that while the disciples of Jesus seek to reproduce power relations, Jesus proposes a counter-discourse in order to view the power as solidarity in benefit of his community. Jesus´ intervention will introduce a speech that disclaims the aspiration to power and offers a fundamental option for service and solidarity. Given these two models of

  9. Seduction as a Game of Reversals and Death. Understanding Jean Baudrillard’s Seduction through Patricia Duncker’s Hallucinating Foucault (La seducción como un juego de inversiones y muerte. Comprender Seduction, de Jean Baudrillard mediante Hallucinating Foucault, de Patricia Duncker

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    Alejandra Giangiulio Lobo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia la teoría de la seducción de Jean Baudrillard mediante el análisis de la novela Hallucinating Foucault, de Patricia Duncker, para mostrar que el proceso de lectura es un acto seductor y un juego obsesivo entre lector y escritor. Estas características se comprueban con la inversión de las jerarquías presentes, del cambio de roles y de una muerte literal y metafórica. Hallucinating Foucault muestra la complejidad entre lector y escritor, vistos como compañeros de juego, parte de una relación que respectivamente alimenta su imaginación y su creatividad. Jean Baudrillard’s theory of seduction is studied by the analysis of the novel Hallucinating Foucault, by Patricia Duncker, to verify that the process of reading is a seductive act and a compulsive game among readers and writers. These features are shown by the reversal of the hierarchies present, the changing of roles and a literal and metaphorical death. Thus, Hallucinating Foucault shows the complexity between readers and writers, seen as playmates and partners that mutually feed one another’s imagination and creativity.

  10. Artes da Existência: Foucault, a Psicanálise e as Práticas Clínicas

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira Neto, João Leite

    2007-01-01

    Este artigo se propõe a desenvolver um estudo conceitual dos diversos enfoques presentes na obra de Foucault para o estudo das práticas clínicas. Foucault mantém a preocupação de distinguir, a todo tempo, a análise dos vetores de dominação e dos vetores de liberação em suas diferentes formas conceituais. Mostra-se cético em relação ao potencial liberador das práticas clínicas, ainda que admita que possam manter "certa autonomia". A amplitude do conceito de artes da existência ultrapassa o cam...

  11. O sonho da interpretação na arqueologia de Foucault = The dream of interpretation in Foucault’s archeology

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    Prado, Tomás Mendonça da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura demonstrar as bases no pensamento de Foucault que o levaram a elaborar o conceito de arqueologia e, além disso, busca reconhecer os seus limites. Para isso, procuramos apresentar as principais interlocuções teóricas do filósofo no início de suas investigações e as constatações que, mais tarde, geraram a necessidade de reelaborar tal conceito. Entre as conclusões deste estudo, destacamos a sugestão de que a concepção alegórica de linguagem sustentada naquele período é formalmente semelhante à estrutura do pensamento metafísico e, como tal, precisou ser abandonada por Foucault como tentativa de encontrar uma forma original de reflexão filosófica

  12. A engenharia literária e a árvore da vida: O pêndulo de Foucault, de U. Eco

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    Vilma de Katinszky Barreto de Souza

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Post-modern Italy in the vision of the plastic criticism. Achille Bonito Oliva and the three Cs painters; literature and reconstruction of Universe in the literature enginery of Umberto Eco´s Pendulum of Foucault. The fictional of interpretation of the Italian writer through hebraic cabalistic from the Tree of life or the Jessé´s Tree and the Sefirotic Tree.

  13. O percurso traumático do herói contemporâneo em Longe da água, de Michel Laub

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    Luiza Casanova Machado

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Longe da Água (2004 é o romance do escritor portoalegrense Michel Laub. Com a finalidade de investigar como se dá a tensão entre a trajetória individual da personagem da obra do escritor gaúcho, contra uma força que insiste em determinar o seu percurso, a obra será pensada através de textos críticos que abordam a produção literária contemporânea brasileira e ocidental, em especial a narrativa, e que mapeiam seus principais traços e tendências, como, por exemplo, Karl Erik Schollharmmer (2011; 2013, Michel Maffesoli (2003 e Tânia Pellegrini (2008. A partir dessa questão é que será possível compreender de que maneira o tempo em Longe da Água nos mostra segundos e são contados dolorosamente, em um processo de escritura o qual se detém nos detalhes (nas minúcias do cotidiano, na busca incessante por explicações, na reconstrução do passado, na necessidade de entender as motivações por trás de certos atos (atitudes de determinadas personagens e as consequências que conduzem a narrativa e ganham consistência de realidade imposta e impossível de fuga.

  14. CERN Library | Sandrine Saison-Marsollier, Corinne Pralavorio and Michel Spiro present "Si tu devais me dessiner l’Univers…" | 10 December

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2015-01-01

    Sandrine Saison-Marsollier, Corinne Pralavorio and Michel Spiro present Si tu devais me dessiner l’Univers… Thursday, 10 December 2015 at 3.30 p.m. at the Library, Building 52-1-052 Tea and coffee will be served at 3 p.m. In 2014, CERN launched an art competition for local primary schools. Children were asked to come up with questions about the universe, matter and working as a researcher. The initiative was so successful that it has been turned into a book that teachers can explore with their pupils, discussing the questions and discovering the answers together. The book is laid out in double-page spreads, with the child’s illustration on one page and the question and its answer opposite. The answers take the form of a short text written by Michel Spiro, the competition’s scientific advisor, together with a cultural quotation whose purpose is to highlight the close association between science, literature and philosophy. The questions include: What was there...

  15. Infant mortality and prenatal care: contributions of the clinic in the light of Canguilhem and Foucault Mortalidad infantil y prenatal: contribuciones de la clínica bajo la perspectiva de Canguilhem y Foucault Mortalidade infantil e pré-natal: contribuições da clínica à luz de Canguilhem e Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Pereira de Figueiredo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This review study aimed to verify how studies conducted in Brazil have related infant mortality to prenatal care and to present contributions of the clinic in the light of Canguilhem and Foucault for qualification of the care. An integrative literature review was conducted from searches in the databases SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE and BDENF for the period 2000 to 2009. The relationship between infant mortality and prenatal care is related to the insufficient number of consultations or to the quality of the care provided. Even when the number of and routine consultations in the prenatal care were adequate, avoidable deaths were present. For the qualification of prenatal care, it is suggested that the clinical knowledge and other elements that comprise the process of human living are considered, in order that the clinical view is enlarged and articulated to the technologies available in the health system and, together, they are able to contribute to the reduction of infant mortality in Brazil.Este estudio de revisión tuvo por objetivo verificar cómo investigaciones realizadas en Brasil relacionan la mortalidad infantil y el prenatal, y presentar contribuciones de la clínica bajo el marco teórico de Canguilhem y Foucault para la calificación de la asistencia. Se realizó una revisión integradora de la literatura a partir de búsquedas en las bases de datos SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE y BDENF, en el período de 2000 a 2009. La relación entre la mortalidad infantil y el prenatal se refiere al número insuficiente de consultas o a la calidad de la atención prestada. Mismo cuando el número y la rutina de consultas en el prenatal fueron adecuadas, las muertes evitables estuvieron presentes. Para la calificación de la asistencia ofrecida, se sugiere que sean considerados el conocimiento clínico y los demás elementos componentes del proceso del vivir humano, con la intención de que la perspectiva clínica sea ampliada y articulada a las tecnolog

  16. Historical sources about diseases, death and embalming regarding the family of Jean Antoine Michel Agar, Minister of Finance of Gioacchino Murat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinozzi, S; Gazzaniga, V; Giuffra, V; Fornaciari, G

    2011-06-01

    Among the mummies preserved in the Basilica of San Domenico Maggiore in Naples, there are the bodies of the wife and three children of Jean Antoine Michel Agar, Minister of Finance of Naple's Kingdom during the Monarchy of Joachim Murat (1808-1815). Between 1983 and 1987 paleopathological analyses were performed; in particular, X-ray examination allowed investigation of the health status of the Agar family members and reconstruction of the embalming processes used to preserve the bodies. In addition, an analysis of the historical and archival documents was carried out, to formulate hypotheses about the causes of death, demonstrating how these sources could become important instruments to obtain diagnoses and pathological histories.

  17. In-competence of the occi-neo-liberal’s university: From the dreams of Quintiliano to the nightmares of Michel de Montaigne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés GONZÁLEZ-NOVOA

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The competences are missing in the pedagogical literature up to the Washington Consensus. They arise as an economic concept in the thinking of the French Physiocrats and specifically in The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith. Text where it emphasizes the association of the concept of individual and human resources. This attempt to profitable education is not new and has an interesting precedent in the transition from the Republic to the Roman Empire. The liberal educational system is born in the Institutes of Oratory of Quintilian and will reappear during the Renaissance through the Studium Generale Universitas. The essays of Michel de Montaigne and the dead end of humanism show us how the Bologna Process has deep roots in the memory of the occident to service the budgets of manufacture, capitalism, liberalism and currently of neoliberal globalization.

  18. Apropiaciones del pensamiento foucaultiano en la investigación histórico-educativa Appropriations of Foucault's Thought in the Historical - Educational Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Milena Peñuela Contreras

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen En el año 2005, el Ministerio de Educación Nacional de Colombia desarrolló un programa a nivel nacional asumiendo los riesgos y potencias de plantear procesos de ''apropiación'' de una forma de pensamiento y en el marco de la controversia que el pensamiento de Foucault ha generado en distintos campos de conocimiento, este artículo se propone poner en diálogo dos de las apropiaciones que para el campo socio-educativo se han hecho del pensamiento foucaultiano en los procesos de investigación histórico-educativa en nuestro país: la perspectiva decolonial-postcolonial y la perspectiva arqueológica-genealógica. Para ello, se realiza un análisis de los puntos de sinergia y distanciamiento entre las mismas, a partir de los usos que las dos realizan del pensamiento de este filósofo-historiador francés.Abstract Assuming the risks and benefits of the ''appropriation'' of a particular line of thought, and within the frame of the controversy that Foucault's thought has generated in different fields of knowledge, this paper seeks to put into dialogue two social-educational appropriations that have been postulated on Foucault's thought in Colombian historical-educational research: the decolonial-postcolonial and the archaeological-genealogical perspectives. Consequently, an analysis of the synergic and distant points between them is made, appealing to the uses that both perspective do of the French philosopher's historic thought.

  19. La lectura o de la libertad literatura: Borges y Foucault sobre la cuestión del autor (una aproximación ontológica)

    OpenAIRE

    González Fisac, Jesús

    2009-01-01

    Ciertamente la lectura es una de las cuestiones más tratadas en la literatura narratológica. W. Iser, H. R. Jauss, G. Genette, R. Barthes, M.M. Bakhtin, P. de Man, U. Eco, así como J. Baudrillard, M. Blanchot, J. Derrida, F. Lyotard, el propio M. Foucault, son algunos de los nombres básicos de una bibliografía sobre teoría de la lectura. Algunos de estos se han ocupado, además, expresamente de la lectura y Borges. El tema, por tanto, no es inopinado. En todo caso, queremos hacer una lectura ...

  20. Pædagogik i sociologisk perspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Leif; Hermann, Stefan; Næsby, Torben

    En præsentation af Karl Marx og Friedich Engels, Emile Durkheim, Michel Foucault, Niclas Luhmann, Pierre Bourdieu, Jürgen Habermas, Thomas Ziehe, Anthony Giddens......En præsentation af Karl Marx og Friedich Engels, Emile Durkheim, Michel Foucault, Niclas Luhmann, Pierre Bourdieu, Jürgen Habermas, Thomas Ziehe, Anthony Giddens...

  1. Who wrote the rules for the Trans-Pacific Partnership?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todd Allee

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Twelve governments recently signed the much-anticipated Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP, sparking heated debate about its merits. As a primary motivation for this first “mega-regional” agreement, US President Barack Obama argues that the TPP is a way for the USA, and not China or someone else, to write the global trade rules of the future. This begs some important questions, namely which country or countries really did write most of the TPP and thus whose agenda for 21st century trade might it advance? To answer these questions, we compare the recently-released text of the TPP to the language in the 74 previous trade agreements that TPP members signed since 1995. Our text-as-data analyses reveal that the contents of the TPP are taken disproportionately from earlier US trade agreements. The ten preferential trade agreements (PTAs that most closely match the TPP are all US PTAs. Moreover, the contents of controversial chapters, such as the one on investment, are drawn even more heavily from past US treaty language. Our study and findings apply power-based accounts of international institutions to a landmark new agreement, and portray a more active, template-based process of international diffusion.

  2. Girl who wrote to primo levi. The "foreign body" speaks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceragioli, Giuditta

    2013-12-01

    Through the exposition of a clinical case, the author explores how a sexually abused woman can set up strategies for psychic survival to the feeling of catastrophe and how she can attempt to communicate and share it. The clinical case connects childhood sexual abuse trauma and the trauma of surviving concentration camps. The paper refers to two main achievements of Ferenczi's research: (1) the consequences of the traumatic experience and of the disavowal of it, such as dissociation, fragmentation, psychic agony; and (2) the focus on countertransference as emotional sharing and as receptiveness to the deep, unconscious and unspeakable communications, which can transfer to the psychoanalyst through somatic ways.

  3. Foucault, Maoism, Genealogy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsen, Mads Peter; Villadsen, Kaspar

    2015-01-01

    and his critique of “totalizing institutions,” “uniform discourse” and “juridical universality.” The second part of the article offers a close reading of Foucault’s reflections on genealogy in his 1976 lecture series which demonstrates how the Maoist activist principles noticeably resonate...... often portrayed as unambiguously negative. And third, the goal is to demonstrate how principles developed in Maoist political activism are not only realized in Foucault’s activities within the GIP, but also in his lecture-hall formulations of genealogy, power, and critique....

  4. Discourse analysis and Foucault's

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jansen I.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Discourse analysis is a method with up to now was less recognized in nursing science, althoughmore recently nursing scientists are discovering it for their purposes. However, several authors have criticized thatdiscourse analysis is often misinterpreted because of a lack of understanding of its theoretical backgrounds. In thisarticle, I reconstruct Foucault’s writings in his “Archaeology of Knowledge” to provide a theoretical base for futurearchaeological discourse analysis, which can be categorized as a socio-linguistic discourse analysis.

  5. Foucault on parrhesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyrberg, Torben Bech

    2016-01-01

    set-up and its culture, and whether it is authoritarian and marked by hierarchy and obedience or democratic and egalitarian. Thus, parrhesia captures some of the most vital dimensions of political life of how to exercise the political power of authority in a way that is both truthful and trustworthy...

  6. Witchcraft, genealogy, Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, S

    2001-03-01

    This paper is a genealogical reflection on both the historiography of European witchcraft and the dynamics of witchcraft trials. I argue that traditional scholarly assumptions about the 'unsophisticated' nature of early modern European mentalities result in inadequate representations of accused witches and of the social contexts and processes of the trials. Genealogy, by contrast, problematizes fundamental notions such as reason, order, power and progress in ways that not only provide a different range of effective tools for the analysis of belief in witchcraft, but also underline its crucial significance for social theory. In the final section, an analysis of a typical trial is undertaken employing key genealogical insights into confession, torture, truth, governmentality, power, pleasure and pain.

  7. D Geomatics Techniques for AN Integrated Approach to Cultural Heritage Knowledge: the Case of San Michele in Acerboli's Church in Santarcangelo DI Romagna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bitelli, G.; Dellapasqua, M.; Girelli, V. A.; Sanchini, E.; Tini, M. A.

    2017-05-01

    The modern Geomatics techniques, such as Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) and multi-view Structure from Motion (SfM), are gaining more and more interest in the Cultural Heritage field. All the data acquired with these technologies could be stored and managed together with other information in a Historical Building Information Model (HBIM). In this paper, it will be shown the case study of the San Michele in Acerboli's church, located in Santarcangelo di Romagna, Italy. This church, dated about the 6th century A.D., represents a high relevant Romanic building of the high Medieval period. The building presents an irregular square plan with a different length of the lateral brick walls and a consequential oblique one in correspondence of the apse. Nevertheless, the different lengths of the lateral brick walls are balanced thanks to the irregular spaces between the windows. Different changes occurred during the centuries, such as the closing of the seven main doors and the building of the bell tower, in the 11th century A.D., which is nowadays the main entrance of the church. An integrated survey was realized, covering the exterior and the interior. The final 3D model represents a valid support not only for documentation, but also to maintain and manage in an integrate approach the available knowledge of this Cultural Heritage site, developing a HBIM system in which all the mentioned historical, geometrical, material matters are collected.

  8. TL-dating applied to building archaeology: The case of the medieval church Notre-Dame-Sous-Terre (Mont-Saint-Michel, France)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blain, Sophie [IRAMAT-CRP2A-UMR 5060, CNRS-Universite de Bordeaux 3, Maison de l' Archeologie, F-33 607 Pessac (France); Luminescence Laboratory, Department of Archaeology, University of Durham, South Road, DH1 3LE Durham (United Kingdom)], E-mail: blain.sophie@gmail.com; Guibert, Pierre [IRAMAT-CRP2A-UMR 5060, CNRS-Universite de Bordeaux 3, Maison de l' Archeologie, F-33 607 Pessac (France)], E-mail: guibert@u-bordeaux3.fr; Bouvier, Armel [IRAMAT-CRP2A-UMR 5060, CNRS-Universite de Bordeaux 3, Maison de l' Archeologie, F-33 607 Pessac (France)], E-mail: bouvier_armel@yahoo.fr; Vieillevigne, Emmanuelle [IRAMAT-CRP2A-UMR 5060, CNRS-Universite de Bordeaux 3, Maison de l' Archeologie, F-33 607 Pessac (France)], E-mail: evieillevign@u-bordeaux3.fr; Bechtel, Francoise [IRAMAT-CRP2A-UMR 5060, CNRS-Universite de Bordeaux 3, Maison de l' Archeologie, F-33 607 Pessac (France); Sapin, Christian [Laboratoire Archeologie, Culture et Societe-UMR 8894, CNRS-Universite de Bourgogne, Dijon (France)], E-mail: sapin.christian@wanadoo.fr; Bayle, Maylis [Laboratoire de medievistique occidentale de Paris, UMR 8589, CNRS-Universite de Paris 1 (France)], E-mail: maylis.bayle@wanadoo.fr

    2007-10-15

    The recent application of thermoluminescence (TL) dating to young building materials is being increasingly developed for use in the field of buildings archaeology [; ; ]. Ensuring the accuracy of the dating method is of the utmost importance in order to achieve results which are pertinent enough to have archaeological significance. This paper deals with an archaeological building study of the first church built on the Mont-Saint-Michel (France) and improvements made to the TL-protocol in Bordeaux. The aim is to achieve precise dates for the material under analysis and therefore, a better understanding of the evolution of the building. For this study, 14 bricks have been sampled from eight different masonries and submitted for TL dating analysis. With the exception of one sample which appears to be non-contemporaneous to the others, the date results range from 900{+-}80 to 1020{+-}60 AD. The results were then averaged according to the two phases established by the archaeological building study. The first two stages of the primitive church both date from the 10th century.

  9. TL-dating applied to building archaeology: The case of the medieval church Notre-Dame-Sous-Terre (Mont-Saint-Michel, France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blain, Sophie; Guibert, Pierre; Bouvier, Armel; Vieillevigne, Emmanuelle; Bechtel, Francoise; Sapin, Christian; Bayle, Maylis

    2007-01-01

    The recent application of thermoluminescence (TL) dating to young building materials is being increasingly developed for use in the field of buildings archaeology [; ; ]. Ensuring the accuracy of the dating method is of the utmost importance in order to achieve results which are pertinent enough to have archaeological significance. This paper deals with an archaeological building study of the first church built on the Mont-Saint-Michel (France) and improvements made to the TL-protocol in Bordeaux. The aim is to achieve precise dates for the material under analysis and therefore, a better understanding of the evolution of the building. For this study, 14 bricks have been sampled from eight different masonries and submitted for TL dating analysis. With the exception of one sample which appears to be non-contemporaneous to the others, the date results range from 900±80 to 1020±60 AD. The results were then averaged according to the two phases established by the archaeological building study. The first two stages of the primitive church both date from the 10th century

  10. From the "metaphysics of the individual" to the critique of society: on the practical significance of Michel Henry's phenomenology of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staudigl, Michael

    This essay explores the practical significance of Michel Henry's "material phenomenology." Commencing with an exposition of his most basic philosophical intuition, i.e., his insight that transcendental affectivity is the primordial mode of revelation of our selfhood, the essay then brings to light how this intuition also establishes our relation to both the world and others. Animated by a radical form of the phenomenological reduction, Henry's material phenomenology brackets the exterior world in a bid to reach the concrete interior transcendental experience at the base of all exteriority. The essay argues that this "counter reduction," designed as a practical orientation to the world, suspends all traditional parameters of onto(theo)logical individuation in order to rethink subjectivity in terms of its transcendental corporeality, i.e., in terms of the invisible display of "affective flesh." The development of this "metaphysics of the individual" anchors his "practical philosophy" as he developed it-under shifting accents-throughout his oeuvre. In particular, the essay brings into focus Henry's reflections on modernity, the industry of mass culture and their "barbaric" movements. The essay briefly puts these cultural and political areas of Henry's of thinking into contact with his late "theological turn," i.e., his Christological account of Life and the (inter)subjective self-realization to which it gives rise.

  11. Más allá de la gnosis griega. El estoicismo y Michel Henry a propósito de la afectividad, la vida y la comunidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Gabriel Inverso

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de su crítica a la fenomenomenología husserliana Michel Henry apela a la caracterización de los errores de la perspectiva hetero-afectiva remitiéndose a sus orígenes en la tradición sintetizados en los parámetros de la “gnosis griega” y su compromiso con la racionalidad entendida como comprensión de “objetos puestos a distancia”. La revisión de los alcances de esta categoría revela, sin embargo, que existen tratamientos en el pensamiento griego que apelan a la auto-afección y la inmanencia para dar cuenta de elementos que exceden la dimensión ek-stática. En este trabajo se revisa el planteo henryano para mostrar sus puntos de contacto con el estoicismo, especialmente a partir de la teoría de Hierocles a propósito de la oikeîosis. Este recorrido permitirá sugerir que entre ambos planteos existe una compatibilidad estructural que hace posible apelar a claves de interpretación similares para dar cuenta de la convivencia de mecanismos de explicación que apelan a lo auto-afectivo y lo hétero-afectivo en un conjunto coherente.

  12. 3D GEOMATICS TECHNIQUES FOR AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO CULTURAL HERITAGE KNOWLEDGE: THE CASE OF SAN MICHELE IN ACERBOLI’S CHURCH IN SANTARCANGELO DI ROMAGNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Bitelli

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The modern Geomatics techniques, such as Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS and multi-view Structure from Motion (SfM, are gaining more and more interest in the Cultural Heritage field. All the data acquired with these technologies could be stored and managed together with other information in a Historical Building Information Model (HBIM. In this paper, it will be shown the case study of the San Michele in Acerboli’s church, located in Santarcangelo di Romagna, Italy. This church, dated about the 6th century A.D., represents a high relevant Romanic building of the high Medieval period. The building presents an irregular square plan with a different length of the lateral brick walls and a consequential oblique one in correspondence of the apse. Nevertheless, the different lengths of the lateral brick walls are balanced thanks to the irregular spaces between the windows. Different changes occurred during the centuries, such as the closing of the seven main doors and the building of the bell tower, in the 11th century A.D., which is nowadays the main entrance of the church. An integrated survey was realized, covering the exterior and the interior. The final 3D model represents a valid support not only for documentation, but also to maintain and manage in an integrate approach the available knowledge of this Cultural Heritage site, developing a HBIM system in which all the mentioned historical, geometrical, material matters are collected.

  13. Review: Dirk Michel (2009. Politisierung und Biographie. Politische Einstellungen deutscher Zionisten und Holocaustüberlebender [Political Socialization and Biography: German Zionists and Holocaust Survivors and Their Political Attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Bressan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available How do extraordinary experiences, especially during childhood and adolescence, affect political attitudes? Most studies focusing on political movements only implicitly address the connection between biographical experiences and political attitudes. Moreover, a detailed understanding of these impacts often remains merely hypothetical. Biographical studies increasingly address the relationship between politics and biography through empirical and hermeneutic approaches. For his doctoral thesis, Dirk MICHEL conducts autobiographical narrative interviews with 20 Jewish Israelis. Based on their extraordinary biographical experiences, MICHEL categorized the interviewees into two groups—the "German Zionists" and the "German Holocaust survivors." He then conducts semi-structured interviews with each of the participants with the aim of analyzing their political attitudes. However, the conceptual categorization of the interviewees, the empirical investigation of the research question and the subsequent analysis all challenge the underpinning theoretical and methodological concepts of the study. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1203165

  14. O Ateísmo Francês Contemporâneo: uma comparação crítica entre Michel Onfray e André Compte-Sponville (Contemporary French Atheism: a Critical Comparison between Michel Onfray and André Comte-Sponville - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2010v8n18p127

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnaldo Cuoco Portugal

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Michel Onfray e André Comte-Sponville são os dois mais famosos representantes do ateísmo filosófico francês contemporâneo, que continua uma tradição iniciada no século XVIII de negação irreligiosa da noção monoteísta de Deus. Embora compartilhando várias ideias, como o naturalismo e, obviamente, a rejeição do monoteísmo, suas propostas têm diferenças importantes. Onfray imputa à religião a maioria dos males enfrentados pela humanidade, recusando-se a fazer qualquer concessão à tradição religiosa monoteísta, e propondo uma filosofia libertária de tipo hedonista e materialista. Comte-Sponville vê aspectos positivos na religião no tocante à manutenção da unidade social e propõe uma espiritualidade mística ateia. O artigo faz uma breve apresentação de suas teses e formula críticas a ambas as propostas. Onfray está muito mais preocupado em convencer de uma proposta política do que em argumentar filosoficamente em favor de uma tese e Comte-Sponville não parece perceber as consequências auto-refutadoras do naturalismo, que também torna muito problemática a própria noção de moralidade. Palavras-chave: Michel Onfray; Comte-Sponville; ateísmo; neoateísmo; naturalismo.  Abstract Michel Onfray and André Comte-Sponville are the most famous representatives of philosophical contemporary French atheism, which is a continuation of a tradition begun in the 18th Century of irreligious denying of the monotheistic notion of God. Although sharing many ideas, like naturalism and, obviously, the rejection of the monotheistic conception of God, their proposals show important distinctions. Onfray blames on religion most of evils faced by humanity, refusing to make any concession to monotheism, and proposing a libertarian, hedonistic, materialistic philosophy. Comte-Sponville sees positive aspects in religion regarding the keeping of social unity, and puts forward an atheistic spirituality. The article makes a brief

  15. Détermination en tridimensionnel des pertes par courant de Foucault dans la cuve d'un transformateur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guérin, Christophe; Tanneau, Gérard; Meunier, Gérard; Sakellaris, Ioannis

    1993-03-01

    This paper deals with 3D electromagnetic modelling of a transformer so as to evaluate eddy current losses in the tank. In this purpose, several numerical methods have been used with two 3D softwares, FLUX3D (LEG) and TRIFOU (EDF). These methods use either nodal finite elements with the magnetic vector potential (FLUX3D), or the edge finite elements with the magnetic field as the state variable (TRIFOU). Classical volume elements and several special elements have been used : shell elements with the magnetic vector potential for the modelling of thin conducting regions, and surface elements for conducting regions with a small skin depth. The results given by these methods with several characteristics of the tank and magnetic core have been compared and their validity domain has been verified. The shell elements suit well when the skin depth is larger than the tank thickness, whereas in the opposite case, the surface elements for thin skin depth regions are well adapted. Nous présentons la modélisation tridimensionnelle d'un transformateur pour la détermination des pertes par courants de Foucault dans sa cuve. Pour cela, plusieurs méthodes numériques ont été utilisées à l'aide de deux codes de calcul tridimensionnels : FLUX3D (LEG) et TRIFOU (EDF). Ces méthodes utilisent soit les éléments finis nodaux avec le potentiel vecteur magnétique (FLUX3D), soit les éléments finis d'arête avec le champ magnétique comme variable d'état (TRIFOU). Outre l'utilisation des éléments volumiques, nous avons employé des éléments surfaciques de type coque en potentiel vecteur magnétique pour la modélisation de regions conductrices minces, ainsi que des éléments surfaciques pour les régions conductrices présentant une faible épaisseur de peau. Les résultats obtenus avec ces méthodes pour différentes caractéristiques du matériau de la cuve et du circuit magnétique ont permis de vérifier leur domaine de validité. Les éléments de type coque conviennent

  16. WATER TEMPERATURE and other data from GLORIA MICHELE, NOAA Ship DELAWARE II and other platforms in the NW Atlantic, North Atlantic Ocean and Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary from 1991-03-30 to 1996-08-09 (NODC Accession 9600133)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Depth, temperature, and other data were collected from NOAA Ship CHAPMAN, NOAA Ship DELAWARE II, NOAA Ship ALBATROSS IV, and the GLORIA MICHELE from March 30, 1991...

  17. A gestão da informação na análise de Foucault sobre as relações poder-saber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Paulo Maravilhas-Lopes

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Foucault mostrou como o poder e o saber se interrelacionam e de que forma ele é exercido sobre os indivíduos na sociedade, através de tecnologias que permitem a vigilância, cada vez gerando mais saber. Tentaremos ligar a vigilância ao conhecimento e poder que permitem obter, bem como o uso de tecnologias em moldes eletrónicos para o fazer. Tendo Foucault apontado como o poder e o saber se interrelacionam e de que forma é ele exercido sobre os indivíduos na sociedade, cada vez gerando mais saber, procuraremos mostrar essas relações, objetivos dessa coerção e formas de o fazer, apelando à utilização das novas tecnologias e fazendo uso da gestão da informação para acumular e exercitar esse saber que se revelará em mais poder para quem o detém. Desde sempre o conhecimento e a informação foram uma vantagem para quem dela dispunha, a diferença é que no passado conhecíamos bem os nossos vigilantes e agora, nos nossos dias, simplesmente nem sequer sabemos por quem somos vigiados, e o poder que isso pode exercer sobre as nossas vidas. Concluiremos com uma alusão ao papel da gestão da informação na obtenção e utilização desse saber para que melhor se exerça o poder.

  18. REFLEXIONES EN TORNO A FOUCAULT: SU PERSPECTIVA DE SENTIDO COMÚN, DISCURSO Y SU RELACIÓN CON EL PODER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Manuel Ortiz Marín

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Foucault plantea que no hay una sola racionalidad desde la que sean pensables todas las dimensiones de la actual complejidad, por el contrario, la comprensión del presente abre el espacio al análisis histórico de las instituciones sociales y de sus procesos, por medio de dispositivos teórico-metodológicos desarrollados por el enfoque divergente del autor, que amplía la reflexión de los procesos de construcción, reconstrucción y modificación de las representaciones y las identidades sociales. Uno de los ejes de análisis es el sentido común, por ello surge la pregunta ¿cómo el sentido común ordena la palabra? y ¿qué hay de amenazante en las palabras de las personas? Aunado, el análisis del discurso saca a la luz el juego de su poder de afirmación de dominios de objetos. Otro eje es el poder, instrumento conceptual para entender, pensar y ordenar el mundo social, a los sujetos y a sus prácticas sociales y culturales. Poder, productor de conocimiento y realidad, que determina las vías por las cuales se construyen las verdades aceptadas en una época determinada. Foucault lo propone como un poder productor, creador de un régimen de verdad que desarrolla un pensamiento sistematizador y racional, lo mismo que creador de subjetividades.

  19. Kannatusaltar / Michel Sittow, Adriaen Isenbrandt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sittow, Michel (?1469-1525)

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna Niguliste kirikule kuulunud flaami päritolu Kannatusaltar ehk Antoniuse altar muudeti Tallinna esimese superintendandi Heinrich Bocki epitaafiks. Kesktahvli stseenile on 1550-ndatel lisatud Heinrich Bocki (suri 1549) ja epitaafi tellija Tallinna mündimeistri Urban Dehni portreefiguurid

  20. Harrap's Michel Thomas anglais : perfectionnement

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Une méthode 100 % audio pour perfectionner très rapidement votre anglais. Des résultats très rapides ° En quelques heures d'écoute, vous acquerrez les connaissances et l'assurance nécessaires pour comprendre et maîtriser l'anglais dans toutes ses complexités. Une pédagogie originale et sans contrainte ° Le cours est structuré en trois parties pour aborder, au fur et à mesure, le vocabulaire, les verbes et les expressions courantes. Il est dispensé par un formateur accompagné d'un Britannique et d'un Américain, qui vous aideront à perfectionner votre prononciation. ° Aucun livre, aucune prise de note : vous pouvez donc vous concentrer sur les explications du formateur. Vous mémorisez facilement et sans effort. ° Une méthode conviviale : vous êtes, dès le début, mis en confiance par la présence orale du formateur et des étudiants et vous percevez nettement les progrès réalisés. Une méthode progressive et un rythme flexible ° Vous pouvez suivre le cours à votre rythme et selon...

  1. Harrap's Michel Thomas anglais : vocabulaire

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Une méthode 100 % audio pour perfectionner très rapidement votre anglais. Des résultats très rapides ° En quelques heures d'écoute, vous acquerrez les connaissances et l'assurance nécessaires pour comprendre et maîtriser l'anglais dans toutes ses complexités. Une pédagogie originale et sans contrainte ° Le cours est structuré en trois parties pour aborder, au fur et à mesure, le vocabulaire, les verbes et les expressions courantes. Il est dispensé par un formateur accompagné d'un Britannique et d'un Américain, qui vous aideront à perfectionner votre prononciation. ° Aucun livre, aucune prise de note : vous pouvez donc vous concentrer sur les explications du formateur. Vous mémorisez facilement et sans effort. ° Une méthode conviviale : vous êtes, dès le début, mis en confiance par la présence orale du formateur et des étudiants et vous percevez nettement les progrès réalisés. Une méthode progressive et un rythme flexible ° Vous pouvez suivre le cours à votre rythme et selon...

  2. Por uma sociologia histórica da circulação e da recepção de textos: Robert Michels e Sociologia dos partidos políticos nos Estados Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Grynszpan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é, partindo das ponderações de Pierre Bourdieu acerca da importância do estudo das condições sociais da circulação internacional de ideias, fazer uma sociologia histórica da circulação e da recepção do livro Sociologia dos partidos políticos, de Robert Michels. Toma-se como foco a passagem de Michels e de seu livro pelos Estados Unidos, procurando mostrar como consolidou-se a partir daí uma forma de leitura do texto e uma representação do autor que é hoje predominante e que está na base da sua celebração e da sua consagração como um clássico da Ciência Política. Para tanto, faz-se uma comparação sistemática de diferentes edições e traduções do livro, bem como de resenhas que dele foram produzidas, procurando identificar distintas leituras feitas ao longo do tempo, associando-as com elementos da trajetória biográfica do autor, bem como com a história das Ciências Sociais nos Estados Unidos e, em particular, com a história da Ciência Política nesse país. De um autor pessimista em relação à democracia, ou mesmo com um viés antidemocrático, associado ao fascismo, Michels foi sendo visto no pós-Guerra como um pensador realista e suas teses como base para a formulação de uma noção de democracia identificada com o pluralismo liberal.

  3. Valores de referencia de la actividad de la colinesterasa eritrocitaria según las técnicas de Michel y EQM® en población laboral de Antioquia, Colombia Reference values for erythrocyte cholinesterase activity in the working population of Antioquia, Colombia, according to the Michel and EQM techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Carmona-Fonseca

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Establecer valores de referencia de la actividad de la colinesterasa eritrocitaria (EC 3.1.1.7 para la población laboral activa de dos regiones del departamento de Antioquia, Colombia, situadas a diferentes alturas sobre el nivel del mar. MÉTODOS: Se diseñaron dos muestras representativas de la población laboral activa de 18 a 59 años de edad residente en el valle de Aburrá (1 540 m sobre el nivel del mar y en el cercano oriente antioqueño (2 150 m sobre el nivel del mar. Se excluyeron los trabajadores que empleaban sustancias inhibidoras de la colinesterasa en su trabajo o en el hogar, los que presentaban alguna enfermedad que alterara los niveles de colinesterasa y los que manifestaron no contar con buena salud. Se midió la actividad de la colinesterasa eritrocitaria con los métodos de Michel y EQM® en 827 personas, 415 de Aburrá y 412 del Oriente. Las proporciones se compararon mediante la prueba de ji al cuadrado, incluida la versión de Fisher. La prueba de la t de Student para muestras independientes se utilizó para la comparación de dos promedios. Para comparar simultáneamente tres o más promedios se empleó el análisis de la varianza, seguido del análisis de rangos múltiples de Newman-Keuls (ARM-NK. Cuando las variables no tenían distribución normal o cuando las varianzas no eran homogéneas se usó el análisis de la varianza no paramétrico de Kruskal y Wallis para comparar las medianas. Se emplearon los programas SPSS 9.0, SGPlus 7.1 y EpiInfo 6.04. En todas las pruebas estadísticas se aplicó un nivel de significación P OBJECTIVE: To establish reference values for erythrocyte cholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.7 activity for the active working population of two regions of the department of Antioquia, Colombia, that are located at different altitudes above sea level. METHODS: We took representative samples from populations of active working persons 18 to 59 years old from two regions in the department of

  4. Valores de referencia de colinesterasa plasmática con los métodos de Michel, EQM y Monotest en población laboral activa del departamento de Antioquia, Colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Carmona Fonseca

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Colombia carece de valores de referencia autóctonos para colinesterasas plasmáticas (EC 3.1.1.8. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer valores de referencia para la población laboral activa afiliada al Seguro Social. Se diseñaron estadísticamente dos muestras, epidemiológicamente representativas de las poblaciones laborales activas del Valle de Aburrá y del cercano oriente antioqueño. Se midió la actividad colinesterásica plasmática por tres métodos (Michel, EQM® y Monotest® en 415 personas en Aburrá y 412 en Oriente, con edad entre 18 y 49 años. Los promedios de actividad enzimática son estadísticamente similares por región, tanto con el método de Michel como con EQM (Michel: Aburrá, 1,111, y Oriente, 1,125 deltas de pH/hora; EQM: Aburrá, 2,546, y Oriente, 2,476 U/ml. Con Monotest, la media es estadísticamente mayor en Aburrá que en Oriente (5743 y 5459 U/L; p=0,0117. En las dos regiones y con cada método, los hombres tienen niveles de actividad enzimática estadísticamente mayores que las mujeres. Al estratificar por región y sexo, se comprueba que la edad no ejerce influencia significativa en la actividad colinesterásica plasmática, cualquiera que sea el método químico de medición. Nuestros valores son estadísticamente diferentes de los datos extranjeros: con Michel y Monotest, los niveles nuestros son superiores y con EQM son inferiores. Con base en los hallazgos, su interpretación y sus repercusiones, se piensa que estos valores debieran considerarse con prioridad, frente a los foráneos, para la toma de decisiones clínicas y epidemiológicas en el país.

  5. Commonalities and Differences Between Max Weber and Michael Foucault on the Theme of “Rationalization of the Body”(“Bedenin Ussallaşması” Teması Üzerinde Max Weber ve Michael Foucault Arasındaki Yakınsamalar ve Farklılıklar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buğra ÖZER

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to elucidate the very nature of ‘the rationalization of the body’ in regard to the convergence and divergences as envisioned in the works of Max Weber and Michael Foucault. While both of the thinkers may be deemed to be important critiques of the modernity process, their insights reveal certain commonalities as the came to deal with the rationalization of the body and individuation of the body along with differences that can be traced back to their roots in their critiques about the modernity project. In such respect, the study emphasizes that rationalization of the body has been a complex process and it italicizes that different dynamics came to redefine the body and individuate the individual along with the continuation of the process.

  6. Professional caregivers' work with the dying in nursing homes--a Foucault-inspired analysis of discourses in the last decade in a Danish context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Karen T; Glasdam, Stinne

    2013-12-01

    International studies on the death of elderly nursing home residents show the complexity in the understanding of the professionals who care for the dying. The aim of this study is to explore the discourses about professional caregivers caring for those dying in Denmark in the last decade. A discourse analysis inspired by Foucault was constructed. The material consists of different source documents: research articles, newspaper articles, theses, books, websites - 35 sources in total. There are constructed six positions of speech, five discourses and three themes: (1) 'the work of the professional caregivers - a complex low-status work'; (2) 'the education of the professionals - the way to ensure a good death or possessing the right qualifications' and (3) 'the vulnerable professionals'. The study concludes that an economical/political discourse is dominating and sets up the frames within which the professionals care for dying residents, although the medical, the social/critical and the religious discourses attempt to speak against it. All positions articulate that the professional caregivers' job has a low status and that it is not possible to provide an optimal care due to lack of time, resources and education. Psychical or mental demands make the professionals vulnerable. The meaning of optimal care varies according to the positions of speech. © 2012 The Authors Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences © 2012 Nordic College of Caring Science.

  7. “Littérature d’aveu” et prise en charge des valeurs dans Ennemis publics de Michel Houellebecq et Bernard-Henri Lévy Assuming Values in “Confession Literature”: Ennemis publics by Michel Houellebecq and Bernard-Henri Lévy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roselyne Koren

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available L’échange épistolaire n’est pas le seul cadre discursif où l’on peut observer la façon dont des croyances axiologiques se trouvent justifiées. Quels avantages a-t-il pu présenter aux yeux des deux auteurs d’Ennemis publics, le philosophe Bernard-Henri Lévy et le romancier Michel Houellebecq ? La prise en charge de vérités autobiographiques et la notion de « littérature d’aveu » occupent une place centrale parmi ces avantages : elles nous permettront de problématiser la question de la lettre, « laboratoire de valeurs ». Le questionnement éthique auquel ils se livrent les incite ainsi à s’interroger sur leurs conceptions de la nature du sujet, de la responsabilité, de l’engagement et de l’action. On analysera, chemin faisant, quelques tropes spécifiques de leurs « visions du monde » antithétiques et on tentera de rendre compte du fait que leurs débats permettent de partager une aventure heuristique qui défige leurs images publiques respectives, objets de critiques virulentes de la part de nombreux journalistes et de commentateurs. L’évocation polémique de ces critiques joue certes un rôle important dans Ennemis publics, mais elle ne fera pas l’objet de cette contribution. On tentera ici de démontrer que cette correspondance met en œuvre et concrétise quelques-uns des concepts et des questionnements majeurs inhérents à la réflexion philosophique sur l’éthique.The epistolary genre is not the only discursive framework in which the justification of axiological beliefs can be observed and analyzed. Asking why it was selected by the authors of Ennemis publics, philosopher Bernard-Henri Lévy and novelist Michel Houellebecq, will enable us to present different aspects of their respective attitude towards the accountability for autobiographical truths. The ethical issues in which they indulge allow them to confront their own conception of the nature of the subject, of responsibility, of

  8. COMPARAÇÃO ENTRE AS REGIÕES VITÍCOLAS DE SÃO JOAQUIM – SC, BRASIL E SAN MICHELE ALL’ADIGE – TN, ITÁLIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALBERTO FONTANELLA BRIGHENTI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A fenologia da videira, a produtividade das plantas e a qualidade da uva apresentam forte relação com os fatores ambientais. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar as regiões vitícolas de altitude elevada de Santa Catarina com a região de San Michele All’Adige localizada na Itália. Para os estudos, utilizou-se dos dados da Estação Experimental de São Joaquim - EPAGRI (28°16’30,08”S, 49°56’09,34”O, altitude 1.400 m, localizada em São Joaquim e do Istituto Agrario di San Michele All’Adige – Fondazione Edmund Mach46°11’41,46”N, 11°08’04,41”L, altitude 223 m, localizado na Província de Trento. A variedade avaliada foi a Rebo, para a qual foram determinados osprincipais estádios fenológicos e calculada a exigência térmica através dos graus-dia, temperaturas média, máxima, mínima, amplitude, precipitação, umidade relativa do ar, insolação e radiação solar global. No momento da colheita, foi avaliado o desempenho agronômico da variedade Rebo. Em São Joaquim, o ciclo da variedade Rebo é mais longo, o acúmulo térmico é menor, a precipitação pluviométrica e a radiação solar global acumulada são maiores do que em San Michele All’Adige. As temperaturas mais baixas e a menor insolação durante a floração-mudança de cor das bagas são os principais fatores climáticos relacionados com as menores produtividades das plantas. Em São Joaquim, as baixas temperaturas e as elevadas taxas de radiação solar global na maturação contribuem de maneira positiva na formação dos compostos fenólicos, mas dificultam a degradação dos ácidos da variedade Rebo.

  9. Foucault e a crítica à institucionalização da educação: implicações para as artes de governo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Filordi de Carvalho

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho aborda a concepção de crítica em Foucault como estratégia de questionamento, de tensão, de ação e de transformação nos excessos de governo presentes no campo da Educação. A hipótese desenvolvida é a de que o sentido da crítica se atualiza para a Educação, à medida que se age na direção de transformar as suas relações institucionais. Para tanto, o artigo articula duas etapas analíticas. Primeiro, investiga os efeitos da governamentalização na instituição escolar em três níveis: a associação da escola com as artes de governo, o papel do professor na arte de governar e a função dos discursos oficiais na manutenção da instituição escolar sob os efeitos de governo. A seguir, dedica-se a analisar a própria dimensão da crítica e de suas consequências na Educação, por intermédio da arte de não ser governado, da insubmissão voluntária e da reflexão indócil, da atitude-limite e da atitude-experimental.

  10. Discourse, the political and the ontological dimension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Allan Dreyer; Sonnichsen, André

    2014-01-01

    In this interview, Ernesto Laclau discusses his theoretico-political endeavour from the publication of Hegemony and Socialist Strategy; questions of radical democratic subjectivity; the social order, sedimentation and change; and finally his relationship to the work of Michel Foucault....

  11. A (pósmodernidade e suas implicações na governança das empresas a partir das perspectivas genealógicas de Nietzsche e Foucault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvio Parodi Oliveira Camilo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio teórico discute perspectivas epistemológicas alusivas ao modernismo e pós-modernismo e suas implicações na análise organizacional, apresentando algumas idéias precursoras de Nietzsche e Foucault que embasaram desconstruções da racionalidade teórica a partir da constatação de relações de força entre saber e poder que resultam na produção de verdades. Partimos da premissa de que ambos os autores não apenas propuseram certa desestabilização do pensamento dominante da modernidade, como também mostraram como foi possível o desenvolvimento de certa racionalidade amparada na fundação da verdade. Nietzsche é apontado como a principal referência dessa perspectiva genealógica, tendo Foucault, Deleuze, Guattari dentre outros, como autores que deram continuidade a sua perspectiva. Sendo assim, esse trabalho tem o objetivo de retomar a análise da subjetividade organizacional, aproximando os debates epistemológicos ao campo das organizações, discutindo as influências pós-modernas no ambiente organizacional, sob a ótica da governança das corporações. Assim, o estudo inicialmente apresenta as ideias da modernidade, desenvolvendo, a partir de Nietzsche e Foucault, uma ruptura de paradigma que aborda a pós-modernidade nos estudos organizacionais, tratando da globalização no contexto organizacional e, finalmente, analisando as implicações dessas perspectivas na governança das empresas.

  12. L’architecture prospective en Tchécoslovaquie. Convergences et divergences entre l’approche du groupe slovaque VAL (1968-1994 et la théorie architecturale de Michel Ragon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cytlak, Katarzyna

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the resonance of Michel Ragon’s concept of prospective architecture in Czechoslovakia by taking the group VAL (Voies et Aspects du Lendemain as an example. The article focuses not only on the similarities, but also on the divergences between the concept of prospective architecture defined in France and VAL’s projects from the 1970s. The article will try to reveal parallels between the VAL’s definition of architecture as a result of a game and a way to anticipate the new society, and the approach of architects and groups active in France as the Utopia, or the Internationale Situationniste. In conclusion, the text will emphasize the specificity of VAL’s projects, inseparably linked to the context of Czechoslovakia during the period of Normalization, and stress its heterogeneous character linking them more closely to the postmodern architecture.

  13. from left to right : Mr Michel Della Negra (Last spokeperson of CMS), Prof. Tejinder ("Jim") Virdee (actual spokeperson of CMS), Mr Robert Aymar (CERN Director General) and Mr Sigurd Lettow (Chief Financial Officer of CERN) assist to the Lowering of the final element (YE-1) of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector into its underground experimental cavern.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    from left to right : Mr Michel Della Negra (Last spokeperson of CMS), Prof. Tejinder ("Jim") Virdee (actual spokeperson of CMS), Mr Robert Aymar (CERN Director General) and Mr Sigurd Lettow (Chief Financial Officer of CERN) assist to the Lowering of the final element (YE-1) of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector into its underground experimental cavern.

  14. Ethical Leadership Development as Care of the Self: A Foucauldian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pignatelli, Frank

    2015-01-01

    This essay addresses the care of the self as an important aspect in the development of educational leaders. It draws upon Michel Foucault's analysis of power and its relationship to his understanding of ethics as a practice one cultivates and takes on in the interests of leadership development. Foucault's work in these areas is timely for graduate…

  15. Literature and Salvation in Elizabeth Costello Or How to Refuse to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    What is an author? “The function of an author,” Michel Foucault famously pronounced in 1969, “is to characterize the existence, circulation, and operation of certain discourses within a society” (124). Foucault provides a template for inquiry into a certain period of literature, the age of the idealistic author.2 To understand that ...

  16. The Confessing Academic and Living the Present Otherwise: Appraisal Interviews and Logbooks in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejes, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, drawing on the work of Michel Foucault, I argue that academics are enmeshed in power relations in which confession operates, both "on" and "through" academics. Drawing on Foucault's genealogy of confession, I illustrate how academics are not only invited to reflect on performance, faults, temptations and desires…

  17. "I 'See' Trayvon Martin": What Teachers Can Learn from the Tragic Death of a Young Black Male

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Bettina L.

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this article is to examine the racially hostile environment of U.S. public schooling towards Black males. Drawing on the work of Foucault ("Discipline and punish. The birth of the prison," Penguin Books, London, 1977; "Michel Foucault: beyond structuralism and hermeneutics," The Harvester Press, Brighton, 1982)…

  18. An Emancipatory Role of Adult Education and Learning within a Poststructuralist Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anne Winther

    The paper discusses the possibility of perceiving a poststructuralist approach to learning as being emancipatory. ‘Identity’ is the main concept of the paper, and theoretically the paper draws on Michel Foucault and Bronwyn Davies. With an outset in Foucault´s comments on some of Immanuel Kant´s...

  19. The Relevance of Foucauldian Art-of-Living for Ethics Education in a Military Context: Theory and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Baarle, Eva; Verweij, Desiree; Molewijk, Bert; Widdershoven, Guy

    2018-01-01

    How can ethical decision-making in organizations be further reinforced? This article explores the relevance of Michel Foucault's ideas on art-of-living for ethics education in organizations. First, we present a theoretical analysis of art-of-living in the work of Foucault as well as in the work of two philosophers who greatly influenced his work,…

  20. Reconfiguring the Optics of the Critical Gaze in Science Education (After the Critique of Critique): (Re)Thinking "What Counts" through Foucaultian Prismatics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Marc

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore what Michel Foucault refers to as "the" critical attitude and its relationship to science education, drawing from Foucault's (The politics of truth. Semiotext(e), New York, 1997) insight that "the" critical attitude is but "a" critical attitude. This article is a rejoinder to…