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Sample records for mg mn mo

  1. Interaction in the NaIn(MoO4)2 - AMoO4 (A = Mg, Mn) systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kotova, I.Yu.; Kozhevnikova, N.M.

    2001-01-01

    The results of investigation into NaIn(MoO 4 ) 2 - AMoO 4 (A = Mg, Mn) quasibinary cross-sections by means of X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis are presented. Conducted researches revealed that compounds NaMg 3 In(MoO 4 ) and NaMn 3 In(MoO 4 ) melting incongruently at 990 Deg C and 940 Deg C accordingly were formed in the NaIn(MoO 4 ) - AMoO 4 (A = Mg, Mn) systems. The data of initiation of X-ray diffraction pattern of NaMg 3 In(MoO 4 ) 5 are presented. The temperature dependences of conductivity, dielectric permeability and tangent of dielectric losses indicative on ionic-electronic nature conductivity are determined. Activation energy of conductivity in the Mg - Mn row changes moderately - from 9.91 till 5.71 eV [ru

  2. Synthesis and X-ray examination of ternary molybdates, KAIn(MoO4)3 (A - Mg, Mn)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smirnyagina, N.N.; Khazheeva, Z.I.; Kozhevnikova, N.M.; Alekseev, F.P.; Mokhosoev, M.V.

    1985-01-01

    The interaction in ternary salt systems K 2 MoO 4 -AMoO 4 -In 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 is studied in the 200-1000 deg temperature range. The triangulation is performed. The formation of new ternary molybdates of the KAIn(MoO 4 ) 3 composition is established. They are investigated with the methods of differential thermal analysis and roentgenography. It is found that KMgIn(MoO 4 ) 3 and KMnIn(MoO 4 ) 3 compounds are isostructural and crystallize in monoclinic crystal system. Elementary cell parameters for KMgIn((MoO 4 ) 3 are a=9.753(7); b=9.282(6); c=13.583(9) A; β=94.1(1) deg; for KMnIn(MoO 4 ) 3 - a=9.80(2); b=9.28(1); c=13.64(2) A; β=94.7(1) A; cells of such dimensions contain four formula units of the above composition. Crystal densities calculated for KMgIn(MoO 4 ) 3 and KMnIn(MnO 4 ) 3 are 3.56 and 3.69 g/cm 3 , respectively

  3. New structural family of ternary molybdates NaA3R(MoO4)5, where A is Mg, Mn, Co or Ni and R is Al, In, Cr or Fe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kozhevnikova, N.M.; Kotova, I.Yu

    1998-01-01

    Ternary NaA 3 R(MoO 4 ) 5 molybdates belonging to a new structural family are produced by crystallization from melted solution and by solid-phase synthesis method. NaMg 3 In(MoO 4 ) 5 , NaNi 3 Al(MoO 4 ) 5 and NaCo 3 Al(MoO 4 ) 5 single crystals are grown. Crystallographic and thermal characteristics of NaA 3 R(MoO 4 ) 5 are determined. Structural similarities in MgMoO 4 , NaIn(MoO 4 ) 2 , Na 2 Mg(MoO 4 ) 6 and NaA 3 R(MoO 4 ) 5 series are revealed [ru

  4. Thermal behaviour of Cu-Mg-Mn and Ni-Mg-Mn layered double hydroxides and characterization of formed oxides

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kovanda, F.; Grygar, Tomáš; Dorničák, V.; Rojka, T.; Bezdička, Petr; Jirátová, Květa

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 28, 1-4 (2005), s. 121-136 ISSN 0169-1317 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : Cu-Mg-Mn basic carbonates * Ni-Mg-Mn hydrotalcite Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.324, year: 2005

  5. MnMoO4 nanolayers : Synthesis characterizations and electrochemical detection of QA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthamizh, S.; Kumar, S. Praveen; Munusamy, S.; Narayanan, V.

    2018-04-01

    MnMoO4 nanolayers were prepared by precipitation method. The MnMoO4 nanolayers were synthesized by using commercially available (CH3COO)2Mn.4H2O and Na2WO4.2H2O. The XRD pattern reveals that the synthesized MnMoO4 has monoclinic structure. In addition, lattice parameter values were also calculated using XRD data. The Raman analysis confirm the presence of Mo-O in MnMoO4 nanolayers. DRS-UV analysis shows that MnMoO4 has a band gap of 2.59 eV. FE-SEM and HR-TEM analysis along with EDAX confirms the material morphology in stacked layers like structure in nano scale. Synthesized nanolayers were utilized for the detection of biomolecule quercetin (QA).

  6. Controllable synthesis of carbon nanotubes by changing the Mo content in bimetallic Fe-Mo/MgO catalyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xu Xiangju; Huang Shaoming; Yang Zhi; Zou Chao; Jiang Junfan; Shang Zhijie

    2011-01-01

    Research highlights: → Increasing the Mo content in the Fe-Mo/MgO catalysts resulted in an increase in wall number, diameter and growth yield of carbon nanotubes. → The Fe interacts with MgO to form complex (MgO) x (FeO) 1-x (0 4 and relative large metal Mo particles can be generated after reduction. → The avalanche-like reduction of MgMoO 4 makes the catalyst particles to be small thus enhances the utilize efficiency of Fe nanoparticles. - Abstract: A series of Fe-Mo/MgO catalysts with different Mo content were prepared by combustion method and used as catalysts for carbon nanotube (CNT) growth. Transmission electron microscopy studies of the nanotubes show that the number of the CNT walls and the CNT diameters increase with the increasing of Mo content in the bimetallic catalyst. The growth yield determined by thermogravimetric analysis also follows the trend: the higher the Mo content, the higher the yield of the CNTs. However, the increase of Mo content leads to the lower degree of graphitization of CNTs. A comparative study on the morphology and catalytic functions of Fe/MgO, Mo/MgO and Fe-Mo/MgO catalysts was carried out by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. It is found that the Fe interacts with MgO to form complexes and is then dispersed into the MgO support uniformly, resulting in very small Fe nanoparticles after reduction. The Mo interacts with MgO to form stoichiometry compound MgMoO 4 and relative large metal Mo particles can be generated after reduction. High yield CNTs with small diameter can be generated from Fe-Mo/MgO because the avalanche-like reduction of MgMoO 4 makes the catalyst particles to be small thus enhances the utilize efficiency of Fe nanoparticles.

  7. Phase formation in Na2MoO4 - MgMoO4 - Cr2(MoO4)3 system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kotova, I.Yu.; Kozhevnikova, N.M.

    1998-01-01

    Interaction within Na 2 MoO 4 - MgMoO 4 - Cr 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 ternary system is studied by X ray phase and DTA methods. State diagram of NaCr(MoO 4 ) 2 - MgMoO 4 section is plotted. Production of ternary molybdates of Na 1-x Mg 1-x Cr 1+x (MoO 4 ) 3 , where 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3, and NaMg 3 Cr(MoO 4 ) 5 composition is ascertained [ru

  8. Sonochemical synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties of MnMoO4 nanorods for supercapacitor applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Veerasubramani, Ganesh Kumar; Krishnamoorthy, Karthikeyan; Sivaprakasam, Radhakrishnan; Kim, Sang Jae

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we reported the preparation of manganese molybdate (MnMoO 4 ) nanorods by a facile sonochemical method and investigated its electrochemical properties for supercapacitor applications. The microstructure, surface morphology and composition were characterized by using field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), high resolution-transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photo electron microscopy (XPS). The cyclic voltammetry (CV) curves of sonochemically synthesized α-MnMoO 4 nanorods revealed the presence of redox pairs suggesting the pseudocapacitive nature of MnMoO 4 . A maximum specific capacitance of the α-MnMoO 4 nanorods was about 168.32 F g −1 as observed from the galvanostatic charge–discharge (GCD) analysis at a constant current density of 0.5 mA cm −2 . Long term cyclic stability study revealed that about 96% of initial capacitance was retained after 2000 cycles. - Highlights: • MnMoO 4 nanorods were synthesized by sonochemical method. • FE-SEM studies show the rod like morphology of MnMoO 4 . • XRD studies show the presence of monoclinic phase of α-MnMoO 4 . • Specific capacitance of 168.32 F g −1 was achieved using charge–discharge analysis

  9. Synthesis and nonlinear optical property of polycrystalline MnTeMoO{sub 6}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, Chengguo [Yibin University, Key Laboratory of Computational Physics of Sichuan Province, Yibin (China); Yibin University, School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Yibin (China)

    2017-04-15

    Polycrystalline MnTeMoO{sub 6} powder has been synthesized by a new approach that MnO{sub 2} is used as the manganese source. The transformation mechanism of manganese ions in the new approach has been discussed. The nonlinear optical property of polycrystalline MnTeMoO{sub 6} has been investigated, and compared with single-crystalline samples. The transformation Mn{sup 4+} → Mn{sup 2+} may be formed directly without stable intermediates, and TeO{sub 2} may serve as catalyst. The SHG response of polycrystalline MnTeMoO{sub 6} powder is worse than that of single-crystalline powder in the same particle size distribution as its pseudo-size. The results indicate that it should pay special attention with the pseudo-size of polycrystalline powder when the potential nonlinear optical materials are screened by powder second harmonic generation measurements. (orig.)

  10. Synthesis and nonlinear optical property of polycrystalline MnTeMoO_6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jin, Chengguo

    2017-01-01

    Polycrystalline MnTeMoO_6 powder has been synthesized by a new approach that MnO_2 is used as the manganese source. The transformation mechanism of manganese ions in the new approach has been discussed. The nonlinear optical property of polycrystalline MnTeMoO_6 has been investigated, and compared with single-crystalline samples. The transformation Mn"4"+ → Mn"2"+ may be formed directly without stable intermediates, and TeO_2 may serve as catalyst. The SHG response of polycrystalline MnTeMoO_6 powder is worse than that of single-crystalline powder in the same particle size distribution as its pseudo-size. The results indicate that it should pay special attention with the pseudo-size of polycrystalline powder when the potential nonlinear optical materials are screened by powder second harmonic generation measurements. (orig.)

  11. Fate of half-metallicity near interfaces: The case of NiMnSb/MgO and NiMnSi/MgO

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, Ruijing

    2014-08-27

    The electronic and magnetic properties of the interfaces between the half-metallic Heusler alloys NiMnSb, NiMnSi, and MgO have been investigated using first-principles density-functional calculations with projector augmented wave potentials generated in the generalized gradient approximation. In the case of the NiMnSb/MgO (100) interface, the half-metallicity is lost, whereas the MnSb/MgO contact in the NiMnSb/MgO (100) interface maintains a substantial degree of spin polarization at the Fermi level (∼60%). Remarkably, the NiMnSi/MgO (111) interface shows 100% spin polarization at the Fermi level, despite considerable distortions at the interface, as well as rather short Si/O bonds after full structural optimization. This behavior markedly distinguishes NiMnSi/MgO (111) from the corresponding NiMnSb/CdS and NiMnSb/InP interfaces. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

  12. Effect of Mn and Fe on the Formation of Fe- and Mn-Rich Intermetallics in Al-5Mg-Mn Alloys Solidified Under Near-Rapid Cooling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yulin; Huang, Gaoren; Sun, Yimeng; Zhang, Li; Huang, Zhenwei; Wang, Jijie; Liu, Chunzhong

    2016-01-29

    Mn was an important alloying element used in Al-Mg-Mn alloys. However, it had to be limited to a low level (Al-5Mg-Mn alloy with low Fe content (Al₆(Fe,Mn) was small in size and amount. With increasing Mn content, intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) increased, but in limited amount. In high-Fe-containing Al-5Mg-Mn alloys (0.5 wt % Fe), intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) became the dominant phase, even in the alloy with low Mn content (0.39 wt %). Cooling rate played a critical role in the refinement of the intermetallics. Under near-rapid cooling, intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) was extremely refined. Even in the high Mn and/or high-Fe-containing alloys, it still demonstrated fine Chinese script structures. However, once the alloy composition passed beyond the eutectic point, the primary intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) phase displayed extremely coarse platelet-like morphology. Increasing the content of Fe caused intermetallic Al₆(Fe,Mn) to become the primary phase at a lower Mn content.

  13. Generator of 99m Tc with MnO2 as support of 99 Mo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Granados C, F.; Serrano G, J.

    2002-01-01

    The generator of 99m Tc with MnO 2 as support of 99 Mo was studied. By mean of static experiments the retention of 99 Mo in MnO 2 in function of the stirring time and of the p H value of the solution of 99 Mo. It was found that the 99 Mo presents 100% of retention in MnO 2 in the rank of p H 3-11 and the balance was reached before of 10 minutes. In dynamic conditions the retention of 99 Mo in MnO 2 at p H=5 was also higher: 99.72%. The generated 99m Tc can be separated from 99 Mo, adsorbed in MnO 2 packed in the column, using distilled water at p H=5 or NaCl solution at 0.9%. With saline solution the elution yields were greater than 80% and only an aliquot of 5 ml was necessary for obtaining this yield. The better results were obtained when the column was packed with 1 g of MnO 2 . The water and the saline solution were passed through of the column with a flux of 1.25 ml/min. (Author)

  14. The Enhancement of Mg Corrosion Resistance by Alloying Mn and Laser-Melting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youwen Yang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Mg has been considered a promising biomaterial for bone implants. However, the poor corrosion resistance has become its main undesirable property. In this study, both alloying Mn and laser-melting were applied to enhance the Mg corrosion resistance. The corrosion resistance, mechanical properties, and microstructure of rapid laser-melted Mg-xMn (x = 0–3 wt % alloys were investigated. The alloys were composed of dendrite grains, and the grains size decreased with increasing Mn. Moreover, Mn could dissolve and induce the crystal lattice distortion of the Mg matrix during the solidification process. Mn ranging from 0–2 wt % dissolved completely due to rapid laser solidification. As Mn contents further increased up to 3 wt %, a small amount of Mn was left undissolved. The compressive strength of Mg-Mn alloys increased first (up to 2 wt % and then decreased with increasing Mn, while the hardness increased continuously. The refinement of grains and the increase in corrosion potential both made contributions to the enhancement of Mg corrosion resistance.

  15. Mechanism and kinetics of Fe, Cr, Mo and Mn atom interaction with molecular oxygen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Akhmadov, U.S.; Zaslonko, I.S.; Smirnov, V.N.

    1988-01-01

    Rate constants of atomic interaction of some transition metals (Fe, Cr, Mo, Mn) with molecular oxygen are measured in shock waves using the resonance atomic-absorption method. A new method for determination of the parameter γ in the modified Lambert-Beer law D=ε(lN)γ is suggested and applied. Bond strength in CrO and MoO molecules is estimated

  16. Structure and thermal properties of as-fabricated U-7Mo/Mg and U-10Mo/Mg low-enriched uranium research reactor fuels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kulakov, Mykola, E-mail: mykola.kulakov@cnl.ca [Fuel Development Branch, Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, Chalk River, ON K0J 1J0 Canada (Canada); Saoudi, Mouna [Fuel Development Branch, Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, Chalk River, ON K0J 1J0 Canada (Canada); Piro, Markus H.A. [Fuel and Fuel Channel Safety Branch, Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, Chalk River, ON K0J 1J0 Canada (Canada); Donaberger, Ronald L. [Canadian Neutron Beam Centre, Chalk River, ON K0J 1J0 Canada (Canada)

    2017-02-15

    Aluminum-clad U-7Mo/Mg and U-10Mo/Mg pin-type mini-elements (with a core uranium loading of 4.5 gU/cm{sup 3}) have been fabricated at the Canadian Nuclear Laboratories for experimental tests and ultimately for use in research and test reactors. In this study, the microstructure and phase composition of unirradiated U-7Mo/Mg and U-10Mo/Mg fuel cores were analyzed using optical and scanning electron microscopy, and neutron powder diffraction. Thermal properties were characterized using a combination of experimental measurements and thermodynamic calculations. The thermal diffusivity was measured using the laser flash method. The temperature-dependent specific heat capacities were calculated based on the linear rule of mixture using the weight fraction of different crystalline phases and their specific heat capacity values taken from the literature. The thermal conductivity was then calculated using the measured thermal diffusivity, the measured density and the calculated specific heat capacity. The resulting thermal conductivity is practically identical for both types of fuel. The in-reactor temperatures were predicted using conjugate heat transfer simulations. - Highlights: • Neutron diffraction analysis shows that most of the γ-U(Mo) phase was retained in as-fabricated U-7Mo/Mg and U-10Mo/Mg fuel cores. • The experimental thermal conductivity of both types of fuel is practically identical. • Based on conjugate heat transfer simulations, under normal operating conditions, the in-reactor fuel centreline temperature is about 510 K.

  17. Molybdenum isotopes in modern marine hydrothermal Fe/Mn deposits: Implications for Archean and Paleoproterozoic Mo cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goto, K. T.; Hein, J. R.; Shimoda, G.; Aoki, S.; Ishikawa, A.; Suzuki, K.; Gordon, G. W.; Anbar, A. D.

    2016-12-01

    Molybdenum isotope (δ98/95Mo) variations recorded in Archean and Paleoproterozoic Fe/Mn-rich sediments have been used to constrain ocean redox conditions at the time of deposition (Canfield et al., 2013 PNAS; Planavsky et al., 2014 Nat. Geo.; Kurzweil et al., 2015 GCA). However, except for hydrogenous Fe-Mn crusts (Siebert et al., 2003), δ98/95Mo variation of modern Fe and Mn oxide deposits has been poorly investigated. Marine hydrothermal systems are thought to be the major source of Fe and Mn in Archean and Paleoproterozoic Fe- and Mn-rich sediments. Hence, to accurately interpret Mo isotope data of those ancient sedimentary rocks, it is important to evaluate the possible influence of hydrothermally derived Mo on δ98/95Mo of modern Fe- and Mn-rich sediments. In this study, we analyzed Mo isotopic compositions of one hydrothermal Fe oxide and 15 Mn oxides from five different hydrothermal systems in the modern ocean. The Fe oxide is composed mainly of goethite, and has a δ98/95Mo of 0.7‰, which is 1.4‰ lighter than that of present-day seawater. The observed offset is similar to isotope fractionation observed during adsorption experiments of Mo on goethite (Δ98/95Mogoethite-solution = -1.4 ± 0.5%; Goldberg et al., 2009 GCA). The 15 hydrothermal Mn oxides show large variations in δ98/95Mo ranging from -1.7 to 0.5‰. However, most of the values are similar to those of modern hydrogenous Fe-Mn crusts (Siebert et al., 2003 EPSL), and fall within the range of estimated δ98/95Mo of Mn oxides precipitated from present-day seawater using the isotope offset reported from adsorption experiments (Δ98/95Mo = -2.7 ± 0.3‰; Wasylenki et al., 2008 GCA). These findings indicate that seawater is the dominant source of Mo for modern hydrothermal Fe and Mn deposits. However, the observed large variation indicates that the contribution Mo from local hydrothermal systems is not negligible. The oceanic Mo inventory during the Archean and Paleoproterozoic is thought to be

  18. Search for CP Violation and Measurement of the Branching Fraction in the Decay D<mn>0mn> stretchy='false'>→mo>KS>0mn>KS>0mn>

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dash, N.; Bahinipati, S.; Bhardwaj, V.; Trabelsi, K.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Al Said, S.; Asner, D. M.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Ayad, R.; Babu, V.; Badhrees, I.; Bakich, A. M.; Bansal, V.; Barberio, E.; Bhuyan, B.; Biswal, J.; Bobrov, A.; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, G.; Bozek, A.; Bračko, M.; Breibeck, F.; Browder, T. E.; Červenkov, D.; Chang, M. -C.; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Cho, K.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, D.; Di Carlo, S.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Dutta, D.; Eidelman, S.; Epifanov, D.; Farhat, H.; Fast, J. E.; Ferber, T.; Fulsom, B. G.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Garmash, A.; Gillard, R.; Goldenzweig, P.; Haba, J.; Hara, T.; Hayasaka, K.; Hayashii, H.; Hedges, M. T.; Hou, W. -S.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jaegle, I.; Jeon, H. B.; Jin, Y.; Joffe, D.; Joo, K. K.; Julius, T.; Kahn, J.; Kaliyar, A. B.; Karyan, G.; Katrenko, P.; Kawasaki, T.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, D. Y.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Kotchetkov, D.; Križan, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kuhr, T.; Kulasiri, R.; Kumar, R.; Kumita, T.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y. -J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, I. S.; Li, C. H.; Li, L.; Li, Y.; Li Gioi, L.; Libby, J.; Liventsev, D.; Lubej, M.; Luo, T.; Masuda, M.; Matvienko, D.; Merola, M.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Mohanty, S.; Moon, H. K.; Mori, T.; Mussa, R.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nanut, T.; Nath, K. J.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nayak, M.; Niiyama, M.; Nisar, N. K.; Nishida, S.; Ogawa, S.; Okuno, S.; Ono, H.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Pal, B.; Pardi, S.; Park, C. -S.; Park, H.; Paul, S.; Pedlar, T. K.; Pesántez, L.; Pestotnik, R.; Piilonen, L. E.; Prasanth, K.; Ritter, M.; Rostomyan, A.; Sahoo, H.; Sakai, Y.; Sandilya, S.; Santelj, L.; Sanuki, T.; Sato, Y.; Savinov, V.; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schwanda, C.; Schwartz, A. J.; Seino, Y.; Senyo, K.; Sevior, M. E.; Shebalin, V.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T. -A.; Shiu, J. -G.; Shwartz, B.; Simon, F.; Sokolov, A.; Solovieva, E.; Starič, M.; Strube, J. F.; Stypula, J.; Sumisawa, K.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Takizawa, M.; Tamponi, U.; Tanida, K.; Tenchini, F.; Uchida, M.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Urquijo, P.; Usov, Y.; Van Hulse, C.; Varner, G.; Vorobyev, V.; Vossen, A.; Waheed, E.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M. -Z.; Wang, P.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Widmann, E.; Williams, K. M.; Won, E.; Yamashita, Y.; Ye, H.; Yelton, J.; Yook, Y.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yusa, Y.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhukova, V.; Zhulanov, V.; Zupanc, A.

    2017-10-01

    We report a study of the decay D<mn>0mn> stretchy='false'>→mo>KS>0mn>KS>0mn> using 921 fb-1 of data collected at or near the Υ(4S) and Υ(5S) resonances with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric energy e+e- collider. The measured time-integrated CP asymmetry is ACP(D<mn>0mn> stretchy='false'>→mo>KS>0mn>KS>0mn>) = (-0.02 ± 1.53 ± 0.02 ± 0.17)%, and the branching fraction is B(D<mn>0mn> stretchy='false'>→mo>KS>0mn>KS>0mn>) = (1.321 ± 0.023 ± 0.036 ± 0.044) × 10-4, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third is due to the normalization mode (D<mn>0mn> stretchy='false'>→mo>KS>0mn>π0). These results are significantly more precise than previous measurements available for this mode. The ACP measurement is consistent with the standard model expectation.

  19. Corrosion behaviour of Mg-Cu and Mg-Mo composites in 3.5% NaCl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Budruk Abhijeet, S.; Balasubramaniam, R.; Gupta, M.

    2008-01-01

    The corrosion behaviour of pure magnesium, Mg-Cu (0.3, 0.6, and 1 vol.%) and Mg-Mo (0.1, 0.3, and 0.6 vol.%) composites has been studied in 3.5% NaCl solution by weight loss and polarisation methods. Corrosion rates determined by weight loss method were considerably higher than that determined by polarisation method. The corrosion rate increased with increasing volume fraction of reinforcement in Mg-Cu and Mg-Mo composites. At the same volume fraction of reinforcement, molybdenum reinforced composite corroded faster than copper reinforced composite. The galvanic current density between Mg-Cu and Mg-Mo couples has been experimentally measured using zero resistance ammeter technique. The experimentally observed galvanic current densities were in close agreement with those obtained using mixed potential theory analysis. SEM observation of corroded samples confirmed microgalvanic activity at the matrix/reinforcement interfaces. The poor corrosion resistance of composites has been attributed to microgalvanic effects between the matrix and reinforcements and inferior quality of surface films

  20. Origin of the 20-electron structure of Mg3 MnH7 : Density functional calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, M.; Singh, D. J.; Gupta, R.

    2005-03-01

    The electronic structure and stability of the 20-electron complex hydride, Mg3MnH7 is studied using density functional calculations. The heat of formation is larger in magnitude than that of MgH2 . The deviation from the 18-electron rule is explained by the predominantly ionic character of the band structure and a large crystal-field splitting of the Mn d bands. In particular, each H provides one deep band accomodating two electrons, while the Mn t2g bands hold an additional six electrons per formula unit.

  1. Structural, optical and magnetic characterizations of Mn-doped MgO nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azzaza, S.; El-Hilo, M.; Narayanan, S.; Judith Vijaya, J.; Mamouni, N.; Benyoussef, A.; El Kenz, A.; Bououdina, M.

    2014-01-01

    Structural, optical and room temperature magnetic properties of Mn-doped MgO nanoparticles with Mn fractions (5–50 at.%), were investigated. The as-prepared pure MgO, with grain size of about 15 nm, exhibits two magnetization components, one is diamagnetic and another is superparamagnetic. After removing the diamagnetic contribution, the magnetization curve exhibits superparamagnetic behavior which may be attributed to vacancy defects. As the Mn content increases, the lattice parameter decreases, the ferromagnetism appears and the emission bands were considerably blue shifted. First principle electronic structure calculations reveal the decrease of both the gap and the Curie temperature with increasing Mn concentration. The obtained results suggest that both Mn doping and oxygen vacancies play an important role in the development of room temperature ferromagnetism. - Graphical abstract: The measured room temperature magnetization curve for the Mn doped MgO with 5 at.%, 10 at.% and 20 at.%. - Highlights: • Combination of experimental and calculation methods. • Decrease of both the gap and the Curie temperature with increasing Mn content. • Ferromagnetism in MgO originate from interactions between defects

  2. Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculation of the Fe-Mg-Mn and Fe-Mg-Ni systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Peisheng; Zhao, Jingrui; Xu, Honghui; Liu, Shuhong; Ouyang, Hongwu [Central South Univ., Hunan (China). State Key Lab. of Powder Metallurgy; Du, Yong [Central South Univ., Hunan (China). State Key Lab. of Powder Metallurgy; Harbin Institute of Technology (China). State Key Lab. of Advanced Welding Production Technology; Gang, Tie; Fen, Jicai [Harbin Institute of Technology (China). State Key Lab. of Advanced Welding Production Technology; Zhang, Lijun [Central South Univ., Hunan (China). State Key Lab. of Powder Metallurgy; Bochum Univ. (Germany). ICAMS Inst.; He, Cuiyun [Guangxi Univ. (China). College of Physical Science and Technology

    2011-01-15

    Based on the thermodynamic calculations extrapolated from the corresponding binary sub-systems, four decisive alloys in the Fe-Mg-Mn system and three in the Fe-Mg-Ni system were selected and prepared using a powder metallurgy method to measure the isothermal sections at 500 C in both systems. The prepared samples were annealed at 500 C, and then subjected to X-ray diffraction, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry as well as electron probe microanalysis. Taking into account the presently obtained experimental data and the experimental data available in the literature, thermodynamic modeling was performed for the above systems. It was found that a direct extrapolation from the corresponding three binary systems can well reproduce all the experimental data in the Fe-Mg-Mn system, while two thermodynamic parameters are needed in the Fe-Mg-Ni system to fit all the experimental data. The liquidus projections and reaction schemes for the Fe-Mg-Mn and Fe-Mg-Ni systems are also presented. (orig.)

  3. Microstructure and in vitro degradation performance of Mg-Zn-Mn alloys for biomedical application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosalbino, F; De Negri, S; Scavino, G; Saccone, A

    2013-03-01

    Manganese and zinc were selected as alloying elements to develop a Mg-based ternary alloy for biomedical applications, taking into account the good biocompatibility of these metals. The microstructures of Mg-Zn-Mn alloys containing 0.5 or 1.0 mass% of manganese and 1.0 or 1.5 mass% of zinc were investigated by scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Their corrosion properties were assessed by means of potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements performed in Ringer's physiological solution that simulates bodily fluids. All tested samples are two-phase alloys formed by a Mg-based matrix, consisting of a Mg-Zn-Mn solid solution, and a Mg-Zn binary phase. The electrochemical results show an improvement of the corrosion behavior of the investigated alloys with increasing Zn and Mn content. This is attributed to the formation of a partially protective Mg(OH)(2) surface film whose protective capabilities are increased by the alloying elements. The reduced influence of the Mg-Zn intermetallic compound on the corrosion rate of Mg-Zn-Mn alloys in the presence of a partially protective surface layer can be ascribed to an increasing resistance between the Mg-Zn-Mn solid solution and the second phase, thereby decreasing the effective driving force for microgalvanic corrosion. Owing to its highest corrosion protective ability, the Mg-1.5Zn-1Mn alloy is a promising candidate for the development of degradable implants, such as screws, plates, and rods. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Experimental study on the microstructure evolution of 55SiMnMo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao, Y Q; Liu, F F; Wang, X G; Qi, H Y; Ma, Z H

    2015-01-01

    Isothermal compressive experiments on 55SiMnMo steel were carried out with the Gleeble 3500 hot-simulation machine. High temperature flow stress-strain curves were measured over the deformation temperature range of 950 to 1050 °C and a strain rate from 0.01 to 10 s -1 . Experimental results revealed that the peak stress decreases with increasing deformation temperature and decreasing strain rate. In addition, when the deformation temperature T ≥ 1000°C, and the strain rate ≤ 0.1 s -1 , the dynamic recrystallization of 55SiMnMo steel occurs. The stress and strain constitutive models and austenite recrystallization model were constructed to form the foundation for studying the forming process of drill rods. (paper)

  5. Growth and hydrogenation of ultra-thin Mg films on Mo(111)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostenfeld, Christopher Worsøe; Davies, Jonathan Conrad; Vegge, Tejs

    2005-01-01

    . Hydrogen cannot be adsorbed on magnesium films under UHV conditions. However, when evaporating Mg in a hydrogen background, a hydrogen overlayer is seen to adsorb at the Mg surface, due to the catalytic interaction with the Mo(1 1 1) substrate and subsequent spill-over. We show that two monolayers of Mg......The growth and hydrogenation of ultra-thin magnesium overlayers have been investigated on a Mo(1 1 1) single crystal substrate. For increasing magnesium coverages we observe intermediate stages in the TPD and LEISS profiles, which illustrate the transition from one monolayer to multilayer growth...

  6. Refinement of grain structure in 20 MnNiMo (SA508C) steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sheng Zhongqi; Xiao Hong; Peng Feng; Zou Min

    1997-04-01

    The size of prior austenite grains and bainitic colonies of 20 MnNiMo (SA508C) steel (a reactor pressure vessel steel) after normal heat treatment is measured and its controlling factors are discussed. Results show that low aluminium content can induce serious mixed structure with fine and coarse grains in prior austenite. Fast cooling rate can promote refinement of bainitic colonies. Further refinement of grains can be obtained by inter-critical quenching. (5 figs., 1 tab.)

  7. Generator of {sup 99m} Tc with MnO{sub 2} as support of {sup 99} Mo; Generador de {sup 99m} Tc con MnO{sub 2} como soporte del {sup 99}Mo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granados C, F.; Serrano G, J. [Departamento de Quimica, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2002-07-01

    The generator of {sup 99m} Tc with MnO{sub 2} as support of {sup 99} Mo was studied. By mean of static experiments the retention of {sup 99} Mo in MnO{sub 2} in function of the stirring time and of the p H value of the solution of {sup 99} Mo. It was found that the {sup 99} Mo presents 100% of retention in MnO{sub 2} in the rank of p H 3-11 and the balance was reached before of 10 minutes. In dynamic conditions the retention of {sup 99} Mo in MnO{sub 2} at p H=5 was also higher: 99.72%. The generated {sup 99m} Tc can be separated from {sup 99} Mo, adsorbed in MnO{sub 2} packed in the column, using distilled water at p H=5 or NaCl solution at 0.9%. With saline solution the elution yields were greater than 80% and only an aliquot of 5 ml was necessary for obtaining this yield. The better results were obtained when the column was packed with 1 g of MnO{sub 2}. The water and the saline solution were passed through of the column with a flux of 1.25 ml/min. (Author)

  8. Thermodynamic properties of multiferroic Mg doped YbMnO{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sattibabu, Bhumireddi, E-mail: bsb.satti@gmail.com [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Bhatnagar, A.K., E-mail: anilb42@gmail.com [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Samatham, S. Shanmukharao; Singh, D. [Low Temperature Laboratory, UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452001, M.P. (India); Rayaprol, S. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Mumbai Centre, BARC Campus, Mumbai 400085 (India); Das, D. [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Siruguri, V. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Mumbai Centre, BARC Campus, Mumbai 400085 (India); Ganesan, V. [Low Temperature Laboratory, UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452001, M.P. (India)

    2015-09-25

    Highlights: • Specific heat data shows that T{sub N} increases for Mg doped YbMnO{sub 3} from 83 K to 86 K. • Yb{sub 1−x}Mg{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (x = 0.0 and 0.05) shows multiple magnetic transitions. • RCP are found to be 26.1 J/mol and 27.2 J/mol for YbMnO{sub 3} and Yb{sub 0.95}Mg{sub 0.05}MnO{sub 3}. - Abstract: Calorimetric studies of polycrystalline samples Yb{sub 1−x}Mg{sub x}MnO{sub 3} with x = 0.0 and 0.05 are reported. It is revealed that the Mg doping raises the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature, T{sub N,} from 83 K for x = 0.0 to 86 K for x = 0.05. A ferromagnetic ordering is also observed around 3 K. The broad feature in the specific heat data just above ferromagnetic ordering, is attributed to the Schottky anomaly. The estimated effective molecular fields from the Schottky analysis are H{sub mf} = 3.0 and 3.5 T for YbMnO{sub 3} and Yb{sub 0.95}Mg{sub 0.05}MnO{sub 3}, respectively. High temperature shift of Schottky anomaly with Mg doping indicates increase in effective molecular field of Mn at the Yb 4b site. The data supports that the idea that although molecular field is mainly responsible for the Schottky anomaly in Yb{sub 1−x}Mg{sub x}MnO{sub 3} and Mn{sup 3+} spin ordering also affects it. Magnetic part of the specific heat is obtained by subtracting the lattice contribution estimated using two Debye temperatures. The magnetic entropy change (ΔS{sub mag}) for pure and doped samples are 2.0 J mol{sup −1} K{sup −1} and 2.1 J mol{sup −1} K{sup −1} respectively, while the relative cooling power (RCP) calculate 26.1 J/mol, 27.2 J/mol for a field change of 10 T.

  9. Development and characterization of Mn2+-doped MgO nanoparticles by solution combustion synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basha, Md. Hussain; Gopal, N. O.; Rao, J. L.; Nagabhushana, H.; Nagabhushana, B. M.; Chakradhar, R. P. S.

    2015-06-01

    Mn doped MgO Nanoparticles have been prepared by Solution Combustion Synthesis. The synthesized sample is characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR). The prepared MgO:Mn (1 mol%) nano crystals appear to be of simple cubic crystalline phase with lattice parameters a = 4.218(2) Å and cell volume = 74.98 (7) Å3. SEM micrograph of powders show highly porous, many agglomerates with irregular morphology, large voids, cracks and pores. EPR spectrum of the sample at room temperature exhibit an isotropic sextet hyperfine pattern, centered at g=1.99, characteristic if Mn2+ ions with S=I=5/2.The observed g value and the hyperfine value reveal the ionic bonding between Mn2+ and its surroundings.

  10. Development and characterization of Mn2+-doped MgO nanoparticles by solution combustion synthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basha, Md. Hussain; Gopal, N. O.; Rao, J. L.; Nagabhushana, H.; Nagabhushana, B. M.; Chakradhar, R. P. S.

    2015-01-01

    Mn doped MgO Nanoparticles have been prepared by Solution Combustion Synthesis. The synthesized sample is characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR). The prepared MgO:Mn (1 mol%) nano crystals appear to be of simple cubic crystalline phase with lattice parameters a = 4.218(2) Å and cell volume = 74.98 (7) Å 3 . SEM micrograph of powders show highly porous, many agglomerates with irregular morphology, large voids, cracks and pores. EPR spectrum of the sample at room temperature exhibit an isotropic sextet hyperfine pattern, centered at g=1.99, characteristic if Mn 2+ ions with S=I=5/2.The observed g value and the hyperfine value reveal the ionic bonding between Mn 2+ and its surroundings

  11. Low cycle fatigue behavior of die cast Mg-Al-Mn-Ce magnesium alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Wei

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Fatigue failure is a main failure mode for magnesium and other alloys. It is beneficial for fatigue design and fatigue life improvement to investigate the low cycle fatigue behavior of magnesium alloys. In order to investigate the low cycle fatigue behavior of die cast Mg-Al-Mn-Ce magnesium alloy, the strain controlled fatigue experiments were performed at room temperature and fatigue fracture surfaces of specimens were observed with scanning election microscopy for the alloys under die-cast and aged states. Cyclic stress response curves, strain amplitude versus reversals to failure curve, total strain amplitude versus fatigue life curves and cyclic stress-strain curves of Mg-Al-Mn-Ce alloys were analyzed. The results show that the Mg-Al-Mn-Ce alloys under die-cast (F and aged (T5 states exhibit cyclic strain hardening under the applied total strain amplitudes, and aging treatment could greatly increase the cyclic stress amplitudes of die cast Mg-Al-Mn-Ce alloys. The relationships between the plastic strain amplitude, the elastic strain amplitude and reversals to failure of Mg-Al-Mn-Ce magnesium alloy under different treatment states could be described by Coffin-Manson and Basquin equations, respectively. Observations on the fatigue fracture surface of specimens reveal that the fatigue cracks initiate on the surface of specimens and propagate transgranularly.

  12. Evolution of Mg-5Al-0.4Mn microstructure after rare earth elements addition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Żydek

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Mg-5Al-0.4Mn-xRE (x = 0, 1, 2, 3 wt.% magnesium alloys were prepared successfully by casting method. The microstructure wasinvestigated by light microscopy. The influence of rare earth (RE elements on the area fraction of eutectic was analysed. The obtainedresults revealed that the as-cast Mg-5Al-0.4Mn alloy consist of α - Mg matrix and eutectic α + γ (where γ is Mg17Al12. However, whilerare earth elements were added to the Mg-Al type alloy, Al11RE3 precipitates were formed. The amount of the Al11RE3 precipitatesincreased with increasing addition of RE, but the amount of γ - Mg17Al12 decreased.

  13. Photoluminescence study in solid solutions of CdMgMnTe semimagnetic semiconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kusraev, Yu.G.; Averkieva, G.K.

    1993-01-01

    Luminescence and resonant Raman scattering in quaternary solid solutions of CdMgMnTe semimagnetic semiconductors are investigated. It is shown that the intensity and position of the luminescence band, conditioned by the 4 T 1 --> 6 A 1 optical transitions in the Mn d-shell, depend on the local crystal environment. Temperature variations of the photoluminescence spectra are interpreted on the base of a model of electron excitation energy transport from Mn 2+ to different recombination centers. In the resonant Raman scattering spectrum were observed three longitudinal vibrational modes with energies near to phonon energies of corresponding binary compounds

  14. A Negative Thermal Expansion Material of ZrMgMo3O12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Song Wen-Bo; Liang Er-Jun; Liu Xian-Sheng; Li Zhi-Yuan; Yuan Bao-He; Wang Jun-Qiao

    2013-01-01

    A material with the formula ZrMgMo 3 O 12 having negative thermal expansion is presented and characterized. It is shown that ZrMgMo 3 O 12 crystallizes in an orthorhombic symmetry with space group Pnma(62) or Pna2 1 (33) and exhibits negative thermal expansion in a large temperature range (α l = −3.8 × 10 −6 K −1 from 300K to 1000K by x-ray diffraction and α l = −3.73 × 10 −6 K −1 from 295K to 775K by dilatometer). ZrMgMo 3 O 12 remains the orthorhombic structure without phase transition or decomposition at least from 123K to 1200K and is not hygroscopic. These properties make it an excellent material with negative thermal expansion for a variety of applications

  15. Quality of Metal Deposited Flux Cored Wire With the System Fe-C-Si-Mn-Cr-Mo-Ni-V-Co

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusev, Aleksander I.; Kozyrev, Nikolay A.; Osetkovskiy, Ivan V.; Kryukov, Roman E.; Kozyreva, Olga A.

    2017-10-01

    Studied the effect of the introduction of vanadium and cobalt into the charge powder fused wire system Fe-C-Si-Mn-Cr-Ni-Mo-V, used in cladding assemblies and equipment parts and mechanisms operating under abrasive and abrasive shock loads. the cored wires samples were manufactured in the laboratory conditions and using appropriate powder materials and as a carbonfluoride contained material were used the dust from gas purification of aluminum production, with the following components composition, %: Al2O3 = 21-46.23; F = 18-27; Na2O = 8-15; K2O = 0.4-6; CaO = 0.7-2.3; Si2O = 0.5-2.48; Fe2O3 = 2.1-3.27; C = 12.5-30.2; MnO = 0.07-0.9; MgO = 0.06-0.9; S = 0.09-0.19; P = 0.1-0.18. Surfacing was produced on the St3 metal plates in 6 layers under the AN-26C flux by welding truck ASAW-1250. Cutting and preparation of samples for research had been implemented. The chemical composition and the hydrogen content of the weld metal were determined by modern methods. The hardness and abrasion rate of weld metal had been measured. Conducted metallographic studies of weld metal: estimated microstructure, grain size, contamination of oxide non-metallic inclusions. Metallographic studies showed that the microstructure of the surfaced layer by cored wire system Fe-C-Si-Mn-Cr-Mo-Ni-V-Co is uniform, thin dendrite branches are observed. The microstructure consists of martensite, which is formed inside the borders of the former austenite grain retained austenite present in small amounts in the form of separate islands, and thin layers of δ-ferrite, which is located on the borders of the former austenite grains. Carried out an assessment the effect of the chemical composition of the deposited metal on the hardness and wear and hydrogen content. In consequence of multivariate correlation analysis, it was determined dependence to the hardness of the deposited layer and the wear resistance of the mass fraction of the elements included in the flux-cored wires of the system Fe-C-Si-Mn-Cr-Mo

  16. CH3Br adsorption on MgO/Mo ultrathin films: A DFT study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipriano, Luis A.; Tosoni, Sergio; Pacchioni, Gianfranco

    2018-06-01

    The adsorption of methyl bromide on MgO ultrathin films supported on Mo(100) was studied by means of density functional theory calculations, in comparison to the MgO(100) and Mo(100) surfaces. The adsorption energy and geometry were shown to depend on the thickness of the supported oxide film. MgO films as thick as 2ML (or more) display adsorptive properties similar to MgO(100), i.e. the adsorption of CH3Br is mostly due to dispersion and the molecule lies in a tilted geometry almost parallel to the surface. The CH3Br HOMO-LUMO gap is almost unaltered with respect to the gas phase. On metallic Mo(100) surfaces the bonding is completely different with the CH3Br molecule strongly bound and the C-Br bond axis almost vertical with respect to the metal surface. The MgO monolayer supported on Mo exhibits somehow intermediate properties: the tilt angle is larger and the bonding is stronger than on MgO(100), due to the effect of the supporting metal. In this case, a small reduction of the HOMO-LUMO gap of the adsorbed molecule is reported. The results help to rationalize the observed behavior in photodissociation of CH3Br supported on different substrates.

  17. Oxygen isotope effect in 55Mn and 95Mo NMR spectra of the permanganate and molybdate ion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buckler, K.U.; Haase, A.R.; Lutz, O.; Mueller, M.; Nolle, A.

    1977-01-01

    By Fourier transform NMR spectroscopy the 55 Mn and 95 Mo resonance lines in the different permanganate and molybdate species Mn 16 Osub(4-n) 18 Osub(n) - and Mo 16 Osub(4-n) 18 Osub(n) 2- (n = 0,1,2,3,4) have been resolved in aqueous solutions of potassium permanganate and sodium molybdate. An isotopic effect on the Larmor frequency for 55 Mn of (0.59+-0.02)ppm and for 95 Mo of (0.25+-0.01)ppm to lower frequency has been found for the substitution of one 16 O atom by one 18 O atom. The relaxation rates 1/T 1 of 55 Mn in the different lines of the permanganate solution are equal within the limits of error. The oxygen exchange rate for the water-permanganate system has been evaluated. (orig.) [de

  18. Magnetic Fe2MO4 (M:Fe, Mn) activated carbons: Fabrication, characterization and heterogeneous Fenton oxidation of methyl orange

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nguyen, Thi Dung; Phan, Ngoc Hoa; Do, Manh Huy; Ngo, Kim Tham

    2011-01-01

    We present a simple and efficient method for the fabrication of magnetic Fe 2 MO 4 (M:Fe and Mn) activated carbons (Fe 2 MO 4 /AC-H, M:Fe and Mn) by impregnating the activated carbon with simultaneous magnetic precursor and carbon modifying agent followed by calcination. The obtained samples were characterized by nitrogen adsorption isotherms, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and the catalytic activity in heterogeneous Fenton oxidation of methyl orange (MO) was evaluated. The resulting Fe 2 MnO 4 /AC-H showed higher catalytic activity in the methyl orange oxidation than Fe 3 O 4 /AC-H. The effect of operational parameters (pH, catalyst loading H 2 O 2 dosage and initial MO concentration) on degradation performance of the oxidation process was investigated. Stability and reusability of selected catalyst were also tested.

  19. TL and OSL properties of Mn2+-doped MgGa2O4 phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luchechko, A.; Zhydachevskyy, Ya; Maraba, D.; Bulur, E.; Ubizskii, S.; Kravets, O.

    2018-04-01

    The oxide MgGa2O4 spinel ceramics doped with Mn2+ ions was synthesized by a solid-state reaction at 1200 °C in air. The activator concentration was equal 0.05 mol% of MnO. Phase purity of the synthesized samples was analyzed by X-ray diffraction technique. This spinel ceramics show efficient green emission in the range from 470 to 550 nm with a maximum at about 505 nm under UV or X-ray excitations, which is due to Mn2+ ions. MgGa2O4: Mn2+ exhibits intense thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) after influence of ionizing radiation. Are complex nature of the TL glow curves is associated with a significant number of structural defects that are responsible for the formation of shallow and deep electron traps. In this work, time-resolved OSL characteristics of the samples exposed to beta particles are reported for the first time. A light from green LED was used for optical stimulation. Obtained TL and OSL results suggest MgGa2O4:Mn2+ as perspective material for further research and possible application in radiation dosimetry.

  20. Ferromagnetism and transport in Mn and Mg co-implanted GaAs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kulbachinskii, V A [Moscow State University, Low Temperature Physics Department, 119992, GSP-2, Moscow (Russian Federation); Gurin, P V [Moscow State University, Low Temperature Physics Department, 119992, GSP-2, Moscow (Russian Federation); Danilov, Yu A [Physico-Technical Research Institute, University of Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation); Malysheva, E I [Physico-Technical Research Institute, University of Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation); Horikoshi, Y [School of science and engineering, Waseda university, 3-4-1, Okubo, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Onomitsu, K [School of science and engineering, Waseda university, 3-4-1, Okubo, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)

    2007-03-15

    We investigated the influence of Mn and Mg co-implantation accompanied by rapid thermal annealing on magnetic and galvanomagnetic properties of p-GaAs. We characterized the samples with SQUID magnetometry and magnetotransport measurements in the temperature interval 4.2 KMn{sub x}As solid solution on galvanomagnetic properties of holes. Above this temperature, ferromagnetism survives due to the MnAs and Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x} clusters. The magnetoresistance changes from colossal negative to enhanced positive with increasing temperature near T = 35 K.

  1. TEM characterization of irradiated U-7Mo/Mg dispersion fuel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, J.; Keiser, D. D.; Miller, B. D.; Jue, J. F.; Robinson, A. B.; Madden, J.

    2017-10-01

    This paper presents the results of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterization on neutron-irradiated samples taken from the low-flux and high-flux sides of the same fuel plate with U-7Mo fuel particles dispersed in Mg matrix with aluminum alloy Al6061 as cladding material that was irradiated edge-on to the core in the Advanced Test Reactor. The corresponding local fission density and fission rate of the fuel particles and the average fuel-plate centerline temperature for the low-flux and high-flux samples are estimated to be 3.7 × 1021 f/cm3, 7.4 × 1014 f/cm3/s and 123 °C, and 5.5 × 1021 f/cm3, 11.0 × 1014 f/cm3/s and 158 °C, respectively. Complex interaction layers developed at the Al-Mg interface, consisting of Al3Mg2 and Al12Mg17 along with precipitates of MgO, Mg2Si and FeAl5.3. No interaction between Mg matrix and U-Mo fuel particle was identified. For the U-Mo fuel particles, at low fission density, small elongated bubbles wrapped around the clean areas with a fission gas bubble superlattice, which suggests that bubble coalescence is an important mechanism for converting the fission gas bubble superlattice to large bubbles. At high fission density, no bubbles or porosity were observed in the Mg matrix, and pockets of residual fission gas bubble superlattice were observed in the U-Mo fuel particle interior.

  2. Oxidative dehydrogenation of propane with K-MoO3/MgAl2O4 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    with potassium addition due to interaction with MoO3 sites. For this reason total ... in recent years.1–3 In ODH of propane reaction, there ... heptamolybdate (Merck), dissolved in water and Mg- .... Alkali metal promotion slows down the reduc-.

  3. Emission spectra of phosphor MgSO4 doped with Dy and Mn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Chunxiang; Chen Lixin; Tang Qiang; Luo Daling; Qiu Zhiren

    2001-01-01

    Emission spectra of phosphor MgSO 4 doped with Dy and Dy/Mn were measured with an optical multichannel analyzer and a linear heating system whose temperature was controlled by a microcomputer. The emission spectrum bands at 480 nm and 580 nm of phosphor MgSO 4 doped with Dy were observed in the three dimensional (3D) glow curves. Compared with the 3D spectrum of CaSO 4 :Dy and the spectrum bands of MgSO 4 :Dy shows the same wavelengths which resulted from the quantum transitions among the energy levels of Dy 3 '+ ions. The intensities of the glow peaks in both spectrum bands (480 nm and 580 nm) of phosphor MgSO 4 doped with Dy/Mn were dramatically reduced except the 380 degree C glow peak

  4. Optical features of C, N, Mn implanted MgO films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dorosinets, V.A.; Dobrinets, I.A.; Wieck, A.

    2013-01-01

    Optical absorption and Raman spectra investigations of C/ N/ Mn implanted MgO films have been investigated. The spectra reveal a surface modification and a dependence of the defect formation mechanism on the ion type and the annealing regime. (authors)

  5. Synthesis, structure, magnetic, electrical and electrochemical properties of Al, Cu and Mg doped MnO{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashem, Ahmed M., E-mail: ahmedh242@yahoo.com [National Research Centre, Inorganic Chemistry Department, Behoes St., Dokki, Cairo (Egypt); Institute for Complex Materials, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, D-01069 Dresden (Germany); Abuzeid, Hanaa M. [National Research Centre, Inorganic Chemistry Department, Behoes St., Dokki, Cairo (Egypt); Narayanan, N. [Institute for Complex Materials, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, D-01069 Dresden (Germany); Ehrenberg, Helmut [Institute for Complex Materials, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, D-01069 Dresden (Germany); Materials Science, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Petersenstr. 23, D-64287 Darmstadt (Germany); Julien, C.M. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Physicochimie des Electrolytes, Colloides et Sciences Analytiques (PECSA), 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris (France)

    2011-10-17

    Highlights: {yields} Al, Mg and Cu doped MnO{sub 2} as cathode in Li-ion batteries. {yields} Pure phase MnO{sub 2} for virgin and doped MnO{sub 2} were obtained. {yields} Doping elements improve the electrical conductivity of MnO{sub 2}. {yields} Electrochemical behaviour of MnO{sub 2} improved after doping by Al, Mg and Cu. - Abstract: Pure and doped manganese dioxides were prepared by wet-chemical method using fumaric acid and potassium permanganate as raw materials. X-ray diffraction patterns show that pure and Al, Cu and Mg doped manganese dioxides (d-MnO{sub 2}) crystallized in the cryptomelane-MnO{sub 2} structure. Thermal analysis show that, with the assistance of potassium ions inside the 2 x 2 tunnel, the presence of Al, Cu and Mg doping elements increases the thermal stability of d-MnO{sub 2}. The electrical conductivity of d-MnO{sub 2} increases in comparison with pure MnO{sub 2}, while Al-doped MnO{sub 2} exhibits the lower resistivity. As shown in the magnetic measurements, the value of the experimental effective magnetic moment of Mn ions decreases with introduction of dopants, which is attributed to the presence of a mixed valency of high-spin state Mn{sup 4+}/Mn{sup 3+}. Doped MnO{sub 2} materials show good capacity retention in comparison with virgin MnO{sub 2}. Al-doped MnO{sub 2} shows the best electrochemical results in terms of capacity retention and recharge efficiency.

  6. Phase equilibria in the MgMoO4-Ln2(MoO4)3 (Ln=La,Gd) systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fedorov, N.F.; Ipatov, V.V.; Kvyatkovskij, O.V.

    1980-01-01

    Phase equilibria in the MgMoO 4 -Ln 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 systems (Ln=La, Gd) have been studied by static and dynamic methods of the physico-chemical analysis, using differential thermal, visual-polythermal, crystal-optical, X-ray phase, and infrared spectroscopic methods, and their phase diagrams have been constructed. Phase equilibria in the systems studied are characterized by limited solubility of components in the liquid state, formation of solid solutions on the base of α- and β-forms of Gd 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 . Eutectics in the MgMoO 4 -Ln 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 (Ln=La, Gd) systems corresponds to the composition of 71 mode % La 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 -29 mole % MgMoO 4 , tsub(melt)--935+-5 deg C and 57 mole % Gd 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 -43 mole % MgMoO 4 , tsub(melt)=1020+-5 deg C. The region of glass formation has been established [ru

  7. Grain refining mechanism of Al-containing Mg alloys with the addition of Mn-Al alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Qin, Gaowu W.; Ren Yuping; Huang Wei; Li Song; Pei Wenli

    2010-01-01

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Research highlights: The ε-AlMn phase acts as the heterogeneous nucleus of α-Mg phase during the solidification of the AZ31 Mg alloy, not the γ-Al 8 Mn 5 phase. The grain refinement effect is very clear with the addition of only 0.5 wt% Mn-28Al alloy (pure ε-AlMn). The grain refinement does not deteriorate up to the holding time of 60 min at 740 o C. - Abstract: The effect of manganese on grain refinement of Al-containing AZ31 Mg alloy has been investigated by designing a series of Mn-Al alloys composed of either pure ε-AlMn, γ 2 -Al 8 Mn 5 or both of them using optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction. It is experimentally clarified that the grain refinement of the AZ31 Mg alloy is due to the existence of the ε-AlMn phase in the Mn-Al alloys, not the γ 2 -Al 8 Mn 5 phase. The grain size of AZ31 Mg alloy is about 91 μm without any addition of Mn-Al alloys, but remarkably decreases to ∼55 μm with the addition of either Mn-34 wt% Al or Mn-28 wt% Al. With a minor addition of 0.5 wt% Mn-28Al alloy, the grain size of AZ31 alloy decreases to ∼53 μm, and the Mn-28Al alloy can be active as grain refiner for holding time up to 60 min for the melt AZ31 alloy at 750 o C.

  8. Grain refining mechanism of Al-containing Mg alloys with the addition of Mn-Al alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qin, Gaowu W., E-mail: qingw@smm.neu.edu.c [Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Wenhu Road 3-11, Heping District, Shenyang 110004, Liaoning Province (China); Ren Yuping; Huang Wei; Li Song; Pei Wenli [Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Wenhu Road 3-11, Heping District, Shenyang 110004, Liaoning Province (China)

    2010-10-08

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Research highlights: The {epsilon}-AlMn phase acts as the heterogeneous nucleus of {alpha}-Mg phase during the solidification of the AZ31 Mg alloy, not the {gamma}-Al{sub 8}Mn{sub 5} phase. The grain refinement effect is very clear with the addition of only 0.5 wt% Mn-28Al alloy (pure {epsilon}-AlMn). The grain refinement does not deteriorate up to the holding time of 60 min at 740 {sup o}C. - Abstract: The effect of manganese on grain refinement of Al-containing AZ31 Mg alloy has been investigated by designing a series of Mn-Al alloys composed of either pure {epsilon}-AlMn, {gamma}{sub 2}-Al{sub 8}Mn{sub 5} or both of them using optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction. It is experimentally clarified that the grain refinement of the AZ31 Mg alloy is due to the existence of the {epsilon}-AlMn phase in the Mn-Al alloys, not the {gamma}{sub 2}-Al{sub 8}Mn{sub 5} phase. The grain size of AZ31 Mg alloy is about 91 {mu}m without any addition of Mn-Al alloys, but remarkably decreases to {approx}55 {mu}m with the addition of either Mn-34 wt% Al or Mn-28 wt% Al. With a minor addition of 0.5 wt% Mn-28Al alloy, the grain size of AZ31 alloy decreases to {approx}53 {mu}m, and the Mn-28Al alloy can be active as grain refiner for holding time up to 60 min for the melt AZ31 alloy at 750 {sup o}C.

  9. Structural and magnetic characterization of martensitic Ni-Mn-Ga thin films deposited on Mo foil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chernenko, V.A.; Anton, R. Lopez; Kohl, M.; Barandiaran, J.M.; Ohtsuka, M.; Orue, I.; Besseghini, S.

    2006-01-01

    Three martensitic Ni 51.4 Mn 28.3 Ga 20.3 thin films sputter-deposited on a Mo foil were investigated with regard to their crystal and magnetic domain structures, as well as their magnetic and magnetostrain properties. The film thicknesses, d, were 0.1, 0.4 and 1.0μm. X-ray and electron diffraction patterns revealed a tetragonal modulated martensitic phase (10M) in the films. The surface topography and micromagnetic structure were studied by scanning probe microscopy. A maze magnetic domain structure featuring a large out-of-plane magnetization component was found in all films. The domain width, δ, depends on the film thickness as δ∼d. The thickness dependencies of the saturation magnetization, saturation magnetic field and magnetic anisotropy were clarified. Beam cantilever tests on the Ni-Mn-Ga/Mo composite as a function of magnetic field showed reversible strains, which are larger than ordinary magnetostriction

  10. Structural and magnetic properties of double-perovskite Ba2MnMoO6 by density functional theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cardona, R.; Landinez Tellez, D.A.; Arbey Rodriguez M, J.; Fajardo, F.; Roa-Rojas, J.

    2008-01-01

    Perovskite-like materials which include magnetic elements have relevance due to the technological perspectives in the spintronics industry. In this work, we report the studies of Ba 2 MnMoO 6 material by using the density functional theory. The interchange-correlation potential was included through the generalized gradient approximation. Our structural calculations are in agreement with the experimental results which show that the material crystallizes in the 225 space group (Fm3-bar m) and has a lattice parameter of about 8070 A. The density of states study was carried out by considering the up and down spin orientations. Results show that Ba 2 MnMoO 6 has a conductor behavior due to dominant Mn spin-up and Mo spin-down contributions. The magnetic moment was calculated to be 2.9 μ B

  11. Reaction mechanisms of MnMoO{sub 4} for high capacity anode material of Li secondary battery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sung-Soo; Ogura, Seiichiro; Ikuta, Hiromasa; Uchimoto, Yoshiharu; Wakihara, Masataka [Department of Applied Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of Techonology, 2-12-1, Ookayama, Tokyo 152-8552 Meguro (Japan)

    2002-02-02

    Crystalline MnMoO{sub 4} was synthesized using a conventional solid reaction method and investigated for its physical and electrochemical properties as an anode material for Li secondary battery. The reversible amount of Li insertion/removal of MnMoO{sub 4} anode during the first cycle was about 800 mA h/g, accompanied by irreversible structural transformation into amorphous material. The amorphization during the first Li insertion was investigated by structural analysis using XRD of electrode. The charge compensation during Li insertion/removal was examined by measurement of X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) spectroscopy. Despite its irreversible structural transformation to amorphous during the first lithiation, subsequent cycles showed a reasonable cyclability. This paper presents the electrochemical properties of MnMoO{sub 4} and discusses the mechanism underlying the Li insertion/removal process.

  12. Producing a particle-reinforced AlCuMgMn alloy by means of mechanical alloying; Herstellung einer partikelverstaerkten AlCuMgMn-Legierung durch mechanisches Legieren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nestler, D.; Wielage, B. [TU Chemnitz, Institut fuer Werkstoffwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik (Germany); Siebeck, S.

    2012-07-15

    High-energy ball milling (HEM) with subsequent consolidation is a suitable method to produce particle-reinforced aluminium materials. The task of HEM is to distribute the reinforcement particles as homogeneously as possible. A further application of HEM is mechanical alloying (MA). This paper deals with the combination of both applications. Pure metallic powders (Al, Cu, Mg, Mn) were milled together with SiC particles up to 10 h. The composition of the metallic powder corresponds to that of the alloy AA2017 (3.9% Cu, 0.7% Mg, 0.6% Mn). In previous experiments [1], this alloy was used in the form of atomized powder. The changes in microstructure during the formation of the composite powder have been studied by light microscopy, SEM, EDXS and XRD. The results show that the production of composite powders in a single step is possible. This not only allows the economical production of such powders, but also facilitates the use of alloy compositions that are not producible via the melting route, or only producible with difficulty via the melting route. It's possible to produce tailor-made-alloys. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  13. Influence of High Mn-Cu-Mo on Microstructure and Fatigue characteristics of Austempered Ductile Iron

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banavasi Shashidhar, M.; Ravishankar, K. S.; Naik Padmayya, S.

    2018-03-01

    The impacts of high Mn content on microstructure and fatigue characteristics of ADI at 300, 350 and 400 °C for 120 min have been examined. Optical microscopy images reveals bainite morphology only at 300°C. Higher Mn contents hinders bainite transformation in the locales of Mn and Mo segregation, where in stage II reaction initiates near the graphite nodules before stage I reaction ends away from the nodules which creates more unreacted austenite volume after cooling forming martensite around the periphery creating austenite-martensite zone at 350 °C and tremendously articulated at 400°C. Feathery ferrite laths, stable retained austenite and uniform density hardness in the matrix, promotes higher toughness and fatigue properties (250 MPa @ 106 cycles) at 300 °C. Presence of stage II carbides in the eutectic cell and austenite-martensite zone in the intercellular regions, due to their embrittlement in the matrix, makes easy crack path for initiation and propagation deteriorating properties at 350°C and above. SEM images of fatigue fractured surface revealed that at 300°C, showed a regular crack interconnecting graphite nodule, fatigue striation and quazi-cleavage fracture mode, and at 350 & 400°C reveals the carbide, austenite-martensite and porosity/defect final fracture region.

  14. Enhanced hydrogen generation by hydrolysis of Mg doped with flower-like MoS2 for fuel cell applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Minghong; Ouyang, Liuzhang; Liu, Jiangwen; Wang, Hui; Shao, Huaiyu; Zhu, Min

    2017-10-01

    In this work, flower-like MoS2 spheres are synthesized via a hydrothermal method and the catalytic activity of the as-prepared and bulk MoS2 on hydrolysis of Mg is systematically investigated for the first time. The Mg-MoS2 composites are prepared by ball milling and the hydrogen generation performances of the composites are investigated in 3.5% NaCl solution. The experimental results suggest that the as-prepared MoS2 exhibits better catalytic effect on hydrolysis of Mg compared to bulk MoS2. In particular, Mg-10 wt% MoS2 (as-prepared) composite milled for 1 h shows the best hydrogen generation properties and releases 90.4% of theoretical hydrogen generation capacity within 1 min at room temperature. The excellent catalytic effect of as-prepared MoS2 may be attributed to the following aspects: three-dimensional flower-like MoS2 architectures improve its dispersibility on Mg particles; make the composite more reactive; hamper the generated Mg(OH)2 from adhering to the surface of Mg; and increase the galvanic corrosion of Mg. In addition, a hydrogen generator based on the hydrolysis reaction of Mg-0.2 wt% MoS2 composite is manufactured and it can supply a maximum hydrogen flow rate of 2.5 L/min. The findings here demonstrate the as-prepared flower-like MoS2 can be a promising catalyst for hydrogen generation from Mg.

  15. Structural and magnetic properties of Mg doped YbMnO{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sattibabu, Bhumireddi, E-mail: bsb.satti@gmail.com [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Bhatnagar, Anil K., E-mail: anilb42@gmail.com [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Rayaprol, Sudhindra [UGC-DAE CSR, Mumbai Centre, R-5 Shed, BARC, Mumbai 400085 (India); Mohan, Dasari; Das, Dibakar; Sundararaman, Mahadevan [School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Siruguri, Vasudeva [UGC-DAE CSR, Mumbai Centre, R-5 Shed, BARC, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2014-09-01

    We have studied the effect of Mg doping on structure and magnetism of multiferroic YbMnO{sub 3}. Room temperature neutron diffraction studies were carried out on polycrystalline Yb{sub 1−x}Mg{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (x=0.00 and 0.05) samples to determine phase formation as well as cation distribution and structural properties such as bond length and bond angles. The structural analysis shows that with Mg substitution, there is a marginal change in a and c parameters of the hexagonal unit cell, c/a ratio remains constant for x=0 and 0.05 samples. Due to changes in bond angle and bond lengths on substituting Mg, there is a slight decrease in the distortion of MnO{sub 5} polyhedra. Magnetic measurements show that the Néel temperature (T{sub N}) increases marginally from 85 K for x=0.00 to 89 K for x=0.05 sample.

  16. Joining of Cu-Mg-Mn Aluminum Alloy with Linear Friction Welding

    OpenAIRE

    A. Medvedev; V. Bychkov; A. Selivanov; Yu. J. Ershova; B. Bolshakov; I.V. Alexаndrov; F. F. Musin

    2014-01-01

    Al-Cu-Mg-Mn alloy samples were joined together with linear friction welding in two conditions, as is, without pretreatment, and after etching the welding interface. The effect of the welding interface condition was evaluated based on microstructure analysis, microhardness and tensile testing at room temperature. Also, the temperature distribution during welding was estimated with an analytical one-dimensional heat conduction model of the welding process and welding process data

  17. Influence of Iron in AlSi10MgMn Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žihalová M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Presence of iron in Al-Si cast alloys is common problem mainly in secondary (recycled aluminium alloys. Better understanding of iron influence in this kind of alloys can lead to reduction of final castings cost. Presented article deals with examination of detrimental iron effect in AlSi10MgMn cast alloy. Microstructural analysis and ultimate tensile strength testing were used to consider influence of iron to microstructure and mechanical properties of selected alloy.

  18. Syntheses, structures, and magnetic properties of three new MnII-[MoIII(CN)7]4- molecular magnets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Xiao-Qin; Pi, Qian; Shen, Fu-Xing; Shao, Dong; Wei, Hai-Yan; Wang, Xin-Yi

    2018-05-22

    By reaction of K4[MoIII(CN)7]·2H2O, Mn(ClO4)2·6H2O and bidentate chelating ligands, three new cyano-bridged compounds, namely Mn2(3-pypz)(H2O)(CH3CN)[Mo(CN)7] (1), Mn2(1-pypz)(H2O)(CH3CN)[Mo(CN)7] (2) and Mn2(pyim)(H2O)(CH3CN)[Mo(CN)7] (3) (3-pypz = 2-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine, 1-pypz = 2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine, pyim = 2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)pyridine), have been synthesized and characterized structurally and magnetically. Single crystal X-ray analyses revealed that although the chelating ligands are different, compounds 1 to 3 are isomorphous and crystallize in the same monoclinic space group C2/m. Connected by the bridging cyano groups, one crystallographically unique [Mo(CN)7]4- unit and three crystallographically unique MnII ions of different coordination environments form similar three-dimensional frameworks, which have a four-nodal 3,4,4,7-connecting topological net with a vertex symbol of {43}{44·62}2{410·611}. Magnetic measurements revealed that compounds 1-3 display long-range magnetic ordering with critical temperatures of 64, 66 and 62 K, respectively. These compounds are rare examples of a small number of chelating co-ligand coordinated [Mo(CN)7]4--based magnetic materials. Specifically, the bidentate chelating ligands were successfully introduced into the heptacyanomolybdate system for the first time.

  19. Measurement of target and double-spin asymmetries for the e<mo>→>p<mo>→mo><mo>→mo>eπ<mo>+mo><mo>(n)> reaction in the nucleon resonance region at low Q<mn>2mn>

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, X.; Adhikari, K. P.; Bosted, P.; Deur, A.; Drozdov, V.; El Fassi, L.; Kang, Hyekoo; Kovacs, K.; Kuhn, S.; Long, E.; Phillips, S. K.; Ripani, M.; Slifer, K.; Smith, L. C.; Adikaram, D.; Akbar, Z.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Asryan, G.; Avakian, H.; Badui, R. A.; Ball, J.; Baltzell, N. A.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Biselli, A. S.; Briscoe, W. J.; Bültmann, S.; Burkert, V. D.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Charles, G.; Chen, J. -P.; Chetry, T.; Choi, Seonho; Ciullo, G.; Clark, L.; Colaneri, L.; Cole, P. L.; Compton, N.; Contalbrigo, M.; Crede, V.; D' Angelo, A.; Dashyan, N.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Djalali, C.; Dodge, G. E.; Dupre, R.; Egiyan, H.; El Alaoui, A.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Eugenio, P.; Fanchini, E.; Fedotov, G.; Fersch, R.; Filippi, A.; Fleming, J. A.; Gevorgyan, N.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Gleason, C.; Golovach, E.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guidal, M.; Guler, N.; Guo, L.; Hanretty, C.; Harrison, N.; Hattawy, M.; Hicks, K.; Holtrop, M.; Hughes, S. M.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Isupov, E. L.; Jenkins, D.; Jiang, H.; Jo, H. S.; Joosten, S.; Keller, D.; Khachatryan, G.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, A.; Kim, W.; Klein, F. J.; Kubarovsky, V.; Lanza, L.; Lenisa, P.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; Markov, N.; McKinnon, B.; Mirazita, M.; Mokeev, V.; Movsisyan, A.; Munevar, E.; Munoz Camacho, C.; Murdoch, G.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Net, L. A.; Ni, A.; Niccolai, S.; Niculescu, G.; Niculescu, I.; Osipenko, M.; Ostrovidov, A. I.; Paolone, M.; Paremuzyan, R.; Park, K.; Pasyuk, E.; Peng, P.; Pisano, S.; Pogorelko, O.; Price, J. W.; Puckett, A. J. R.; Raue, B. A.; Rizzo, A.; Rosner, G.; Rossi, P.; Roy, P.; Sabatié, F.; Salgado, C.; Schumacher, R. A.; Sharabian, Y. G.; Skorodumina, Iu.; Smith, G. D.; Sokhan, D.; Sparveris, N.; Stankovic, I.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Strauch, S.; Taiuti, M.; Tian, Ye; Ungaro, M.; Voskanyan, H.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Watts, D. P.; Wei, X.; Weinstein, L. B.; Wood, M. H.; Zachariou, N.; Zhang, J.; Zonta, I.

    2016-10-01

    We report measurements of target- and double-spin asymmetries for the exclusive channel e<mo>→>p<mo>→mo><mo>→mo>eπ<mo>+mo><mo>(n)> in the nucleon resonance region at Jefferson Lab using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). These asymmetries were extracted from data obtained using a longitudinally polarized NH3 target and a longitudinally polarized electron beam with energies 1.1, 1.3, 2.0, 2.3, and 3.0 GeV. The new results are consistent with previous CLAS publications but are extended to a low Q2 range from 0.0065 to 0.35 (GeV/c)2. The Q2 access was made possible by a custom-built Cherenkov detector that allowed the detection of electrons for scattering angles as low as 6 degrees. These results are compared with the unitary isobar models JANR and MAID, the partial-wave analysis prediction from SAID, and the dynamic model DMT. In many kinematic regions our results, in particular results on the target asymmetry, help to constrain the polarization-dependent components of these models.

  20. Post-GOE redox insights from Mo isotopes, Ce anomalies, and Mn from the 2.24 Ga Kazput Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoby, M.; Konhauser, K.; Philippot, P.; Killingsworth, B.; Warchola, T.; Lalonde, S.

    2017-12-01

    Following the Great Oxidation event (GOE) defined from 2.45 to 2.2 Ga, an event marking the first appearance of widespread atmospheric oxygen, a combination of decreased Mn(II) supply from land and increased Mn(IV)-precipitation in the oceans should have resulted in lower concentrations of Mn in seawater. Nevertheless, it appears that some early Proterozoic marine sediments record high seawater Mn concentrations hundreds of millions of years after the GOE. Here we investigate a Mn excursion associated with marine carbonates and shales of the 2.31 Ga Kazput Formation. Samples were recovered from drill core collected during the Turee Creek Drilling Project (TCDP). Using molybdenum (Mo) isotope data coupled with cerium (Ce) anomalies, we define the redox condition of the Kazput depositional environment. Initial results show no Mo fractionation and few cerium anomalies in carbonates, pointing to an anoxic basin without Mn oxide precipitates. Additionally, XRF data on the shales indicates an association of Mn with calcium (Ca) suggesting an anoxic environment at the time of their deposition. Our results provide new insights into the nature and environment of the Turee Creek basin and the extent of oxygenation of surface waters after the GOE.

  1. Fracture behaviour of steel 20 MnMoNi 5 5 under stress wave loading

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clos, R.; Schreppel, U.; Veit, P.; Zencker, U.; Specht, E.

    1994-01-01

    Crack initiation in fine grained 20 MnMoNi 5 5 steel has been investigated under stress wave loading conditions in the temperature range from -50 C to 20 C by a loading setup similar the ''Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar'' technique. For temperatures up to 20 C, fracture occurs by cleavage and K Id approaches and falls below the reference fracture toughness, while at room temperature stable crack growth occurs with a J i close to the static initiation value of the J-integral. The analysis of the crack tip configuration suggests that stable crack growth is the result of the following simultaneously induced stochastical processes: generation of constrained local microcracks, blunting of the individual crack tips and the deformation of material bridges at different regions along the crack tip front. (orig.)

  2. Cryogenic deformation microstructures of 32Mn-7Cr-1Mo-0.3N austenitic steels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fu Ruidong; Qiu Liang; Wang Tiansheng; Wang Cunyu; Zheng Yangzeng

    2005-01-01

    The cryogenic deformation microstructures of impact and tensile specimens of 32Mn-7Cr-1Mo-0.3N austenitic steel were investigated using light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The results show that the deformation microstructures of the impact specimens are mainly composed of stacking faults, network dislocation, slip bands, and a few mechanical twins and ε-martensite. These microstructures cross with each other in a crystal angle. The deformation microstructures of the tensile specimens consist only of massive slip bands, in which a few mechanical twins and ε-martenite are located. Because of the larger plastic deformation the slip band traces become bent. All the deformation microstructures are formed on the {111} planes and along the orientation

  3. The role of Si and Ca on new wrought Mg-Zn-Mn based alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ben-Hamu, G.; Eliezer, D.; Shin, K.S.

    2007-01-01

    The development of new wrought magnesium alloys for automotive industry has increased in recent years due to their high potential as structural materials for low density and high strength/weight ratio demands. However, the poor mechanical properties of the magnesium alloys have led to search a new kind of magnesium alloys for better strength and ductility. Magnesium alloys show strong susceptibility to localized corrosion in chlorides solutions due to their inhomogeneous microstructure. The existence of intermetallics in the microstructure of magnesium alloys might represent initiation sites for localized corrosion. This is due to the formation of galvanic couples between the intermetallics and the surrounding matrix. The main objective of this research is to investigate the corrosion behavior of new magnesium alloys; Mg-Zn-Mn-Si-Ca (ZSMX) alloys. The ZSM6X1 + YCa alloys were prepared by using hot extrusion method. AC and DC polarization tests were carried out on the extruded rods, which contain different amounts of silicon or calcium. The potential difference in air between different phases and the matrix was examined using scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy (SKPFM). The phases present in the alloys have been identified by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Four different phases were found, i.e. intermetallics containing Si-Mn, Mg-Si, Mg-Zn and Mg-Si-Ca phase. All phases exhibited higher potential differences relative to magnesium matrix indicating a cathodic behavior. The potential difference revealed significant dependence on the chemical composition of the phases. Based on the results obtained from the scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy, the cathodic phases are effective sites for the initiation of localized corrosion in Mg-Zn-Mn-Si-Ca alloys

  4. Intergranular fracture stress and phosphorus grain boundary segregation of a Mn-Ni-Mo steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naudin, C.; Frund, J.M.; Pineau, A.

    1999-01-01

    Nuclear Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) steel A508 class 3 which is a low alloyed steel is not usually sensitive to reversible temper embrittlement when properly heat treated. However heterogeneous zones may be present in particular near the inner side of the vessel. These zones result from the segregation of the alloying elements (C, Mn, Ni, Mo) and impurities (S, P) taking place during solidification of the material. They are called segregated zones (or ghost lines). They can reach 2 mm thick along the radius and 30 mm long through the circumferential direction. Their susceptibility to reversible temper embrittlement is mainly due to grain boundary phosphorus segregation triggering brittle intergranular fracture when the material is tested at low temperature. In this material like in other steels the influence of some other alloying elements (Mo, Mn...) is clearly significant and should also be taken into account. But phosphorus effect has proved to be predominant. The aim of the present study is therefore to find out a quantitative relationship between grain boundary phosphorus segregation and critical intergranular fracture stress. A synthetic steel with a chemical composition representative of an average segregated zone was prepared for the present study. A number of heat treatments were applied to reach different embrittlement conditions. Then brittle fracture properties were obtained by performing cryogenic fracture tests on notched tensile specimens while the corresponding grain boundary phosphorus levels were measured by Auger electron spectroscopy. Systematic fractographic observations were carried out. Moreover an attempt to determine the influence of temperature on the critical intergranular fracture stress was made

  5. The Structure and Mechanical Properties of Ni-Mo PM Steels with Addition of Mn And Cu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichańska, E.; Kulecki, P.; Pańcikiewicz, K.

    2017-12-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of chemical composition on the structure and mechanical properties of Mn-Ni-Mo and Ni-Mo-Cu PM steels. Pre-alloyed powder Astaloy 85Mo, diffusion alloyed powders Distaloy AQ and Distaloy AB produced by Höganäs, low carbon ferromanganese, carbonyl nickel powder T255 with three-dimensional filamentary structure and graphite CU-F have been used as the basic powders. Three mixtures with compositions of Fe-1%Mn-(0.5/1.75)%Ni-(0.5/0.85)%Mo-0.8%C and Fe-1.75%Ni-0.5%Mo-1.5%Cu-0.8%C were prepared in a Turbula mixer. Green compacts were single pressed in a steel die at 660 MPa according to PN-EN ISO 2740 standard. Sinterhardening was carried out at 1250°C in a mixture of 95% N2+5% H2 for 60 minutes. Mechanical tests (tensile, bend, hardness) and microstructural investigations were performed. Additionally, XRD and EDS analysis, fractographic investigations were carried out. The microstructures of steels investigated were mainly bainitic or bainitic-martensitic. Addition 1% Mn to Distaloy AQ based steel caused increase of tensile properties (YS from 422 to 489 MPa, UTS from 522 to 638 MPa, TRS from 901 to 1096 MPa) and decrease of plasticity (elongation from 3.65 to 2.84%).

  6. Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in Mo/Co2FeAl0.5Si0.5/MgO/Mo multilayers with optimal Mo buffer layer thickness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saravanan, L.; Raja, M. Manivel; Prabhu, D.; Pandiyarasan, V.; Ikeda, H.; Therese, H. A.

    2018-05-01

    Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy (PMA) was realized in as-deposited Mo(10)/Co2FeAl0.5Si0.5(CFAS)(3)/MgO(0.5)/Mo multilayer stacks with large perpendicular magnetic anisotropy energy (Keff). PMA of this multilayer is found to be strongly dependent on the thickness of the individual CFAS (tCFAS), Mo (tMo) and MgO (tMgO) layers and annealing temperatures. The interactions at the Mo/CFAS/MgO interfaces are critical to induce PMA and are tuned by the interfacial oxidation. The major contribution to PMA is due to iron oxide at the CFAS/MgO interface. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopic (FT-IR) studies further ascertain this. However, an adequate oxidation of MgO and the formation of (0 2 4) and (0 1 8) planes of α-Fe2O3 at the optimal Mo buffer layer thickness is mainly inducing PMA in Mo/CFAS/MgO/Mo stack. Microstructural changes in the films are observed by atomic force microscopy (AFM). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) demonstrates the oxidation of CFAS/MgO interface and the formation of Fe-O bonds confirming that the real origin of PMA in Mo/CFAS/MgO is due to hybridization of Fe (3dz2) and O (2pz) orbitals and the resulted spin-orbit interaction at their interface. The half-metallic nature CFAS with Mo layer exhibiting PMA can be a potential candidate as p-MTJs electrodes for the new generation spintronic devices.

  7. Phase formation in the Ag2O - MgO - MoO3 system and the crystal structure of new double molybdate Ag2Mg2(MoO4)3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tsyrenova, G.D.; Khajkina, E.G.; Khobrakova, Eh.T.; Solodovnikov, S.F.

    2001-01-01

    The phase correlations in subsolidus area of the Ag 2 O - MgO - MoO 3 system were studied, the Ag 2 MoO 4 - MgMoO 4 polythermal cross-section was investigated and its T-x diagram was constructed. X-ray diffraction and thermal analytic researches were conducted. The formation of the new double Ag 2 Mg 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 molybdates relating to the structural group Na 2 Mg 5 (MoO 4 ) 6 was established, and its structure (a=6.978(1), b=8.715(2), c=10.294(2) A, α=107.56(3) Deg, β=105.11(3) Deg, γ=103.68(3) Deg, Z=2, sp. gr. P 1-bar, R=0.038) was determined. The mixed carcass from the twin MgO 6 -octahedrons and MoO 4 -tetrahedrons, in which blankness the Ag atoms are arranged, stand out in the structure.The character of disordering in the part of Ag + is analogous to previously found one in the Ag 2 Zn 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 structure. The possible limits in the fields of homogeneity of silver-magnesium molybdate and its analogs, as well as the differences their structure from the structure of isotopic sodium-containing phases, are discussed [ru

  8. Submerged arc narrow gap welding of the steel DIN 20MnMoNi55

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moraes, M.M.

    1987-01-01

    The methodology for submerged arc narrow gap welding for high thickness rolled steel DIN 20MnMoNi55 was developed, using din S3NiMo1 04 mm and 05 mm wires, and DIN 8B435 flux. For this purpose, submerged arc narrow gap welded joints with 50 mm and 120 mm thickness were made aiming the welding parameters optimization and the study of the influence of welding voltage, wire diameter and wire to groove face distance on the operational performance and on the welded joint quality, specially on the ISO-V impact toughness. These welded joints were checked by non-destructive mechanical and metallographic tests. Results were compared with those obtained by one 120 mm thickness submerged arc conventional gap welded joint, using the same base metal and consumables (05 mm wire). The analysis of the results shows that the increasing of the wire to groove face distance and the welding voltage increases the hardness and the ISO-V impact toughness of the weld metal. It shows that the reduction of the gap angle is the main cause for the obtained of a heat affected zone free from coarse grains, the reduction of the welding voltage, the increasing of the wire to groove face distance, and the grounding optimization also contribute for that. It was also concluded that the quality and the execution complexity level of a narrow gap welded joint are identical to a conventional gap welded joint. (author) [pt

  9. Ferromagnetic Peierls insulator state in A Mg4Mn6O15(A =K ,Rb ,Cs )

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, T.; Sugimoto, K.; Ohta, Y.; Tanaka, Y.; Sato, H.

    2018-04-01

    Using the density-functional-theory-based electronic structure calculations, we study the electronic state of recently discovered mixed-valent manganese oxides A Mg4Mn6O15(A =K ,Rb ,Cs ) , which are fully spin-polarized ferromagnetic insulators with a cubic crystal structure. We show that the system may be described as a three-dimensional arrangement of the one-dimensional chains of a 2 p orbital of O and a 3 d orbital of Mn running along the three axes of the cubic lattice. We thereby argue that in the ground state the chains are fully spin polarized due to the double-exchange mechanism and are distorted by the Peierls mechanism to make the system insulating.

  10. Effect of Copper on Corrosion of Forged AlSi1MgMn Automotive Suspension Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koktas, Serhan; Gokcil, Emre; Akdi, Seracettin; Birol, Yucel

    2017-09-01

    Recently, modifications in the alloy composition and the manufacturing process cycle were proposed to achieve a more uniform structure with no evidence of coarse grains across the section of the AlSi1MgMn alloys. Cu was added to the AlSi1MgMn alloy to improve its age hardening capacity without a separate solution heat treatment. However, Cu addition degrades the corrosion resistance of this alloy due to the formation of Al-Cu precipitates along the grain boundaries that are cathodic with respect to the aluminum matrix and thus encourage intergranular corrosion. The present work was undertaken to identify the impact of Cu addition on the corrosion properties of AlSi1MgMn alloys with different Cu contents. A series of AlSi1MgMn alloys with 0.06-0.89 wt.% Cu were tested in order to identify an optimum level of Cu addition.

  11. Microstructural evolution during friction stir welding of AlSi1MgMn alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Janjić

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides the research of the infl uence of geometric and kinematic parameters on the microstructure and mechanical properties of welded joint of aluminum alloy AlSi1MgMn (6082-T6 obtained through the Friction Stir Welding (FSW process. The experiment parameters were welding speed, rotation speed, angle of pin slope, pin diameter and shoulder diameter. On the obtained welded workpieces the dynamic testing on the impact toughness, and determination of microstructural zones were carried out.

  12. Determination of Na, Cl, Ca, Mg, Mn and K in milk samples by activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kira, Carmen S.; Maihara, Vera A.

    2000-01-01

    In the present work cow milk samples distributed for Sao Paulo government institutions, by means of the 'Viva leite' programme, have been monitored. The concentrations of Ca, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and Na were determined in five milk samples and in three different kinds of commercial powder milk, by instrumental neutron activation. For quality control, the reference materials NIST whole milk powder and non fat milk powder were analysed. The results obtained are in the range of the concentrations mentioned in the literature for these elements. (author)

  13. Bio-corrosion characterization of Mg-Zn-X (X = Ca, Mn, Si) alloys for biomedical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosalbino, F; De Negri, S; Saccone, A; Angelini, E; Delfino, S

    2010-04-01

    The successful applications of magnesium-based alloys as biodegradable orthopedic implants are mainly inhibited due to their high degradation rates in physiological environment. This study examines the bio-corrosion behaviour of Mg-2Zn-0.2X (X = Ca, Mn, Si) alloys in Ringer's physiological solution that simulates bodily fluids, and compares it with that of AZ91 magnesium alloy. Potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results showed a better corrosion behaviour of AZ91 alloy with respect to Mg-2Zn-0.2Ca and Mg-2Zn-0.2Si alloys. On the contrary, enhanced corrosion resistance was observed for Mg-2Zn-0.2Mn alloy compared to the AZ91 one: Mg-2Zn-0.2Mn alloy exhibited a four-fold increase in the polarization resistance than AZ91 alloy after 168 h exposure to the Ringer's physiological solution. The improved corrosion behaviour of the Mg-2Zn-0.2Mn alloy with respect to the AZ91 one can be ascribed to enhanced protective properties of the Mg(OH)(2) surface layer. The present study suggests the Mg-2Zn-0.2Mn alloy as a promising candidate for its applications in degradable orthopedic implants, and is worthwhile to further investigate the in vivo corrosion behaviour as well as assessed the mechanical properties of this alloy.

  14. Nanocrystalline Mn-Mo-Ce Oxide Anode Doped Rare Earth Ce and Its Selective Electro-catalytic Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SHI Yan-hua

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The anode oxide of nanocrystalline Mn-Mo-Ce was prepared by anode electro-deposition technology, and its nanostructure and selective electro-catalytic performance were investigated using the SEM, EDS, XRD, HRTEM, electrochemical technology and oxygen evolution efficiency testing. Furthermore, the selective electro-catalytic mechanism of oxygen evolution and chlorine depression was discussed. The results show that the mesh-like nanostructure Mn-Mo-Ce oxide anode with little cerium doped is obtained, and the oxygen evolution efficiency for the anode in the seawater is 99.51%, which means a high efficiency for the selective electro-catalytic for the oxygen evolution. Due to the structural characteristics of γ-MnO2, the OH- ion is preferentially absorbed, while Cl- absorption is depressed. OH- accomplishes the oxygen evolution process during the valence transition electrocatalysis of Mn4+/Mn3+, completing the selective electro-catalysis process. Ce doping greatly increases the reaction activity, and promotes the absorption and discharge; the rising interplanar spacing between active (100 crystalline plane promotes OH- motion and the escape of newborn O2, so that the selective electro-catalytic property with high efficient oxygen evolution and chlorine depression is achieved from the nano morphology effect.

  15. The effects of Ni, Mo, Ti and Si on the mechanical properties of Cr free Mn steel (Fe-25Mn-5Al-2C)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schuon, S.R.

    1982-01-01

    The FeMnAlC alloys may hold potential as Cr-free replacements for high strategic material iron base superalloys, but little is known about their intermediate temperature (650 C to 870 C) mechanical properties. The effects of alloying elements on the mechanical properties of model FeMnAlC alloys were studied. Results showed that modified FeMnAlC alloys had promising short term, intermediate temperature properties but had relatively poor stress rupture lives at 172 MPa and 788 C. Room temperature and 788 C tensile strength of FeMnAlC alloys were better than common cast stainless steels. Changes in room temperature tensile and 788 C tensile strength and ductility, and 788 C stress rupture life were correlated with changes in Ni, Mo, Ti, and Si levels due to alloying effects on interstitial carbon levels and carbide morphology. Fe-25Mn-5Al-2C had a very poor stress rupture life at 172 MPa and 788 C. Addition of carbide-forming elements improved the stress rupture life

  16. [Emission spectrum temperature sensitivity of Mg4FGeO6 : mn induced by laser].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Sheng; Liu, Jing-Ru; Shao, Jun; Hu, Zhi-Yun; Tao, Bo; Huang, Mei-Sheng

    2013-08-01

    In order to develop a new sort of thermally sensitive phosphor coating, the emission spectrum thermally sensitivity of Mg4FGeO6 : Mn induced by laser was studied. The spectrum measurement system with heating function was set up, and the emission spectrum of Mg4FGeO6 : Mn at various temperatures were measured. Absorption spectrum was measured, and the mechanism of formation of the structure of double peak was analyzed with the perturbation theory of crystal lattice. The group of peaks around 630 nm is represented by the transitions 4F"2 to 4A2, whereas the group of peaks around 660 nm is due to the transitions 4F'2 to 4A2. The occupancy of both excited states 4F'2 and 4F"2 is in thermal equilibrium. Thus increasing temperature causes the intensity of the emission in the group around 630 nm to increase at the expense of the emission intensity of the group around 660 nm. The various spectral regions in emission differ with temperature, which could be used to support the intensity-ratio measurement method. The intensity-ratio change curve as a function of temperature was fitted, which shows that the range of temperature measurement is between room temperature and 800 K.

  17. Determination of the Cl, Mg, Mn and Na, in samples of Tradescantia pallida

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rossi, Joao Guilherme G.A.; Saiki, Mitiko

    2009-01-01

    The growing number of industries and automotive vehicles are causing the increase of the air pollution. Less expensive methodologies are been studying for the evaluation of these pollution levels. This work evaluates the concentrations of Cl, Mg, Mn and Na, present in the leaves of Tradescantia pallida viewing validation of the specie for use in the bio monitoring of the air pollution. Those leaves were collected and analysed using the short irradiation of the neutron activation analysis technique. The certified reference material INCT-MPH-2 Mixed Polish Herbs were analysed for the quality control of the results and presented very good accuracy, with relative errors less than 4.2 %, and good precision less than 8.7 %. The element concentrations (in μg g -1 ) obtained in the T. pallida samples analysed showed variation from 2324 to 33897 for Cl, from 3602 to 14450 for Mg, from 132 to 314 for Mn, and 21 to 615 for Na. Values obtained in the analyses of Tradescantia present great variability in the element concentrations. The short irradiation showed to be appropriated for determination of the elements studied in the bio monitoring of air pollution

  18. The Mechanism of Solid State Joining THA with AlMg3Mn Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaczorowski M.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The results of experimental study of solid state joining of tungsten heavy alloy (THA with AlMg3Mn alloy are presented. The aim of these investigations was to study the mechanism of joining two extremely different materials used for military applications. The continuous rotary friction welding method was used in the experiment. The parameters of friction welding process i.e. friction load and friction time in whole studies were changed in the range 10 to 30kN and 0,5 to 10s respectively while forging load and time were constant and equals 50kN and 5s. The results presented here concerns only a small part whole studies which were described elsewhere. These are focused on the mechanism of joining which can be adhesive or diffusion controlled. The experiment included macro- and microstructure observations which were supplemented with SEM investigations. The goal of the last one was to reveal the character of fracture surface after tensile test and to looking for anticipated diffusion of aluminum into THA matrix. The results showed that joining of THA with AlMg2Mn alloy has mainly adhesive character, although the diffusion cannot be excluded.

  19. Tuning Li2MO3 phase abundance and suppressing migration of transition metal ions to improve the overall performance of Li- and Mn-rich layered oxide cathode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shiming; Tang, Tian; Ma, Zhihua; Gu, Haitao; Du, Wubing; Gao, Mingxia; Liu, Yongfeng; Jian, Dechao; Pan, Hongge

    2018-03-01

    The poor cycling stability of Li- and Mn-rich layered oxide cathodes used in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) has severely limited their practical application. Unfortunately, current strategies to improve their lifecycle sacrifice initial capacity. In this paper, we firstly report the synergistic improvement of the electrochemical performance of a Li1.2Ni0.13Co0.13Mn0.54O2 (LNCMO) cathode material, including gains for capacity, cycling stability, and rate capability, by the partial substitution of Li+ ions by Mg2+ ions. Electrochemical performance is evaluated by a galvanostatic charge and discharge test and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Structure and morphology are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Compared with the substitution of transition metal (TM) ions with Mg2+ ions reported previously, the substitution of Li+ ions by Mg2+ ions not only drastically ameliorates the capacity retention and rate performance challenges of LNCMO cathodes but also markedly suppresses their voltage fading, due to the inhibition of the migration of TM ions during cycling, while also increasing the capacity of the cathode due to an increased abundance of the Li2MO3 phase.

  20. α-MnO2 Nanowires/Graphene Composites with High Electrocatalytic Activity for Mg-Air Fuel Cell

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang, Min; He, Hao; Huang, Chen; Liu, Bo; Yi, Wen-Jun; Chao, Zi-Sheng

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • α-MnO 2 NWs/graphene was synthesized and studied in Mg-air fuel cell. • The performance of α-MnO 2 NWs/graphene is close to the Pt/C. • The ORR mechanism involves a one-step, quasi-4-electron pathway. • A large area (5 cm*5 cm) cathode was prepared and tested in a full cell. - Abstract: This paper reports the preparation of α-MnO 2 NWs/graphene composites as the cathode catalyst for magnesium-air fuel cell and its excellent electrochemistry performance. The composites are synthesized by self-assembly of α-MnO 2 nan α-MnO 2 NWs/graphene was synthesized and studied in Mg-air fuel cell. α-MnO 2 NWs/graphene was synthesized and studied in Mg-air fuel cell. owires (NWs) on the surface of graphene via a simple hydrothermal method. The α-MnO 2 NWs/graphene composites showed a higher electrochemical activity than the commercial MnO 2 . The oxygen reduction peak of the α-MnO 2 NWs/graphene composites catalyst is tested in a 0.1 M KOH solution at −0.252 V, which is more positive than the commercial MnO 2 (−0.287 V). The ORR limit current density for 28% α-MnO2 NWs/graphene composite is approximately 2.74 mA/cm 2 , which is similar to that of the 20% Pt/C(2.79 mA/cm 2 ) in the same conditions. Based on the Koutecky–Levich plot, the ORR mechanism of the composite involves a one-step, quasi-4-electron pathway. In addition, magnesium-air fuel cell with α-MnO 2 NWs/graphene as catalyst possesses higher current density (140 mA/cm 2 ) and power density (96 mW/cm 2 ) compared to the commercial MnO 2 . This study proves that the cost-effective α-MnO 2 NWs/graphene with higher power generation ability make it possible for the substitute of the noble metals catalyst in the Mg-air fuel cell.

  1. Strong sp-d exchange coupling in ZnMnTe/ZnMgTe core/shell nanowires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wojnar, Piotr; Janik, Elzbieta; Szymura, Malgorzata; Zaleszczyk, Wojciech; Kret, Slawomir; Klopotowski, Lukasz; Wojciechowski, Tomasz; Baczewski, Lech T.; Wiater, Maciej; Karczewski, Grzegorz; Wojtowicz, Tomasz; Kossut, Jacek [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Suffczynski, Jan; Papierska, Joanna [Institute of Experimental Physics, Warsaw University, ul. Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland)

    2014-07-15

    In this work, our recent progress in the growth and optical studies of telluride nanowire heterostructures containing a small molar fraction of magnetic Mn-ions of only a few percent is overviewed. ZnMnTe/ZnMgTe core/shell nanowires (NWs) are grown by molecular beam epitaxy by employing the vapor-liquid-solid growth mechanism assisted with gold catalyst. The structures are studied by means of photoluminescence and microphotoluminescence in an external magnetic field. In the first step, however, an activation of the near band edge emission from ZnTe and ZnMnTe nanowires is described, which is achieved by coating the nanowires with shells made of ZnMgTe. The role of these shells is to passivate Zn(Mn)Te surface states. The incorporation of Mn ions into the crystalline lattice of ZnMnTe nanowires is manifested as a considerable blue shift of near band edge emission with increasing Mn concentration inside the nanowire cores, which reflects directly the increase of their energy gap. In an external magnetic field the near band edge emission exhibits a giant spectral redshift accompanied by an increase of the circular polarization of the emitted light. Both effect are fingerprints of giant Zeeman splitting of the band edges due to sp-d exchange interaction between the band carriers and magnetic Mn-ions. (copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  2. Neutron irradiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel steel 20 MnMoNi55 weld

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ghoneim, M.M.

    1987-05-01

    The effect of neutron irradiation on the mechanical and fracture properties of an 'improved' 20 MnMoNi 55 Pressure Vessel Steel (PVS) weld was investigated. In addition to very low residual element content, especially Cu (0.035 wt.%), and relatively higher Ni content (0.9 wt.%), this steel has higher strength (30% more) than the steels used currently in nuclear reactor pressure vessels. The material was irradiated to 3.5x10 19 and 7x10 19 n/cm 2 (E > 1 Mev) at 290 0 C and 2.5x10 19 n/cm 2 (E > 1 MeV) at 160 0 C in FRJ-1 and FRJ-2 research reactors at KFA, Juelich, F.R.G. Test methods used in the evaluation included instrumented impact testing of standard and precracked Charpy specimens, tensile, and fracture toughness testing. Instrumented impact testing provided load and energy vs. time (deflection) data in addition to energy absorption data. The results indicated that the investigated high strength improved steel is more resistant to irradiation induced embrittlement than conventional PVSs. (orig./IHOE)

  3. Effect of Mn on microstructures and mechanical properties of Al-Mg-Si-Cu-Cr-V alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Zhihao

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In order to improve the performances of the Al-Mg-Si-Cu-Cr-V alloy, various amounts of Mn (0-0.9wt.% were added. The effect of this Mn on the microstructures and mechanical properties of Al-Mg-Si-Cu-Cr-V alloys in different states, especially after hot extrution and solid solution treatment, was systematically studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS, and mechanical tests at room temperature. The results show that 0.2wt.% Mn can both refine the as-cast microstructure of the alloy and strengthen the extrusion+T6 state alloy without damaging the plasticity badly due to the formation of Al15(FeMn3Si2 and Al15Mn3Si2 dispersoids. Compared with the extrusion+T6 state alloy without Mn addition, the ultimate tensile strength and yield strength of the alloy with 0.2wt.% Mn addition are increased from 416.9 MPa to 431.4 MPa, 360.8 MPa to 372 MPa, respectively. The elongation of the extrusion+T6 state alloy does not show obvious change when the Mn addition is less than 0.5wt.%, and for the alloy with 0.2wt.% Mn addition its elongation is still as high as 15.6%. However, when over 0.7wt.% Mn is added to the alloy, some coarse, stable and refractory AlVMn and Al(VMnSi phases form. These coarse phases can reduce the effect of Mn on the inhibition of re-crystallization; and they retain the angular morphology permanently after the subsequent deformation process and heat treatment. This damages the mechanical properties of the alloy.

  4. Electrochemical properties of the ball-milled LaMg10NiMn alloy with Ni powders

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Yi; Wang Xin; Gao Xueping; Shen Panwen

    2008-01-01

    The electrochemical characteristics of the ball-milled LaMg 10 NiMn alloys with Ni powders were investigated. It was found that the ball-milled LaMg 10 NiMn + 150 wt.% Ni composite exhibited higher first discharge capacity and better cycle performance. By means of the analysis of electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS), it was shown that the existence of manganese in LaMg 10 NiMn alloy increased the electrocatalytic activity due to its catalytic effect, and destabilized metal hydrides, and so reduced the hydrogen diffusion resistance. These contributed to the higher discharge capacity of the ball-milled LaMg 10 NiMn-Ni composite. According to the analytical results of X-ray diffraction (XRD), EIS and steady-state polarization (SSP) experiments, the inhibition of metal corrosion is not the main reason for the better cycle performance. The main reason is that the electrochemical reaction resistance of the ball-milled LaMg 10 NiMn-Ni composite is always lower than that of the ball-milled LaMg 10 Ni 2 -Ni composite because the former one contains manganese, which is a catalyst for the electrode reaction

  5. Designing and controlling the microstructure of 37MnNiMo6-4-3 hypoeutectoid steel after continuous cooling

    OpenAIRE

    E. Rożniata

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Present work corresponds to the research on the kinetic of phase transformation of undercooled austenite of 37MnNiMo6-4-3 hypoeutctoid steel. The kinetic of phase transformation of under cooled austenite of investigated alloy was presented on CCT diagram (continuous cooling transformation). Also the methodology of a dilatometric samples preparation and the method of the critical points determination were described.Design/methodology/approach: The austenitising temperature was defined...

  6. Large enhancement of Blocking temperature by control of interfacial structures in Pt/NiFe/IrMn/MgO/Pt multilayers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Chen

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Blocking temperature (TB of Pt/NiFe/IrMn/MgO/Pt multilayers was greatly enhanced from far below room temperature (RT to above RT by inserting 1 nm thick Mg layer at IrMn/MgO interface. Furthermore, the exchange bias field (Heb was increased as well by the control of interfacial structures. The evidence for a significant fraction of Mn-O bonding at IrMn/MgO interface without Mg insertion layer was provided by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The bonding between Mn and O can decrease the antiferromagnetism of IrMn film, leading to lower value of TB in Pt/NiFe/IrMn/MgO/Pt multilayers. Ultrathin Mg film inserted at IrMn/MgO interface acting as an oxygen sinking layer can suppress the oxidation reactions between Mn and O and reduce the formation of Mn-O bonding greatly. The oxidation suppression results in the recovery of the antiferromagnetism of IrMn film, which can enhance TB and Heb. Furthermore, the high resolution transmission electron microscopy demonstrates that the Mg insertion layer can efficiently promote a high-quality MgO (200 texture. This study will enhance the understanding of physics in antiferromagnet-based spintronic devices.

  7. Effect of microstructure on the cleavage fracture strength of low carbon Mn-Ni-Mo bainitic steels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Im, Young-Roc; Lee, Byeong-Joo; Oh, Yong Jun; Hong, Jun Hwa; Lee, Hu-Chul

    2004-01-01

    The effects of the microstructure on the cleavage fracture strength of low carbon Mn-Ni-Mo bainitic steels were examined. A four-point bend test and double-notched bend specimens were used to measure the cleavage fracture strength of the alloys and identify the cleavage initiating micro-cracks, respectively. The cleavage fracture strength and DBTT of Mn-Ni-Mo bainitic steels were strongly affected by the alloy carbon content. The decrease in the alloy carbon content resulted in a decrease in the inter-lath cementite-crowded layers and higher cleavage fracture strength. Micro-cracks that formed across the inter-lath cementite-crowded layers were observed to initiate cleavage fracture. The width of these inter-lath cementite-crowded layers was accepted as a cleavage initiating micro-crack size in the micro-mechanical modeling of the cleavage fracture, and the measured cleavage strength values of the bainitic Mn-Ni-Mo steels were well represented by the modified Griffith relationship

  8. Enhanced luminescence in SrMgAl(x)O(17±δ):yMn4+ composite phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Renping; Sharafudeen, Kaniyarakkal N; Qiu, Jianrong

    2014-01-03

    Red-emitting SrMgAlxO17±δ:yMn(4+) composite phosphors (x=10-100; y=0.05-4.0 mol%) are synthesized by solid-state reaction method in air. Addition of Al2O3 leads to the formation of two concomitant phases, i.e., SrMgAl10O17 and Al2O3 phases in the composite phosphor. Red emission from Mn(4+) ions in the composite phosphors is greatly enhanced due to multiple scattering and absorption of excitation light between SrMgAl10O17 and Al2O3 phases. SrMgAlxO17±δ:yMn(4+) composite phosphors would be a promising candidate as red phosphor in the application of a 397 nm near UV-based W-LED. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Micronutrients (B, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, and Zn) content in made tea (Camellia sinensis L.) and tea infusion with health prospect: A critical review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karak, Tanmoy; Kutu, Funso Raphael; Nath, Jyoti Rani; Sonar, Indira; Paul, Ranjit Kumar; Boruah, Romesh Kumar; Sanyal, Sandip; Sabhapondit, Santanu; Dutta, Amrit Kumar

    2017-09-22

    Tea (Camellia sinensis L.) is a perennial acidophilic crop, and known to be a nonalcoholic stimulating beverage that is most widely consumed after water. The aim of this review paper is to provide a detailed documentation of selected micronutrient contents, viz. boron (B), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), and zinc (Zn) in made tea and tea infusion. Available data from the literature were used to calculate human health aspect associated with the consumption of tea infusion. A wide range of micronutrients reported in both made tea and tea infusion could be the major sources of micronutrients for human. The content of B, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, and Zn in made tea are ranged from 3.04 to 58.44 μg g -1 , below detectable limit (BDL) to 122.4 μg g -1 , BDL to 602 μg g -1 , 0.275 to 13,040 μg g -1 , 0.004 to 15,866 μg g -1 , 0.04 to 570.80 μg g -1 and 0.01 to 1120 μg g -1 , respectively. Only 3.2 μg L -1 to 7.25 mg L -1 , 0.01 μg L -1 to 7 mg L -1 , 3.80 μg L -1 to 6.13 mg L -1 , 135.59 μg L -1 -11.05 mg L -1 , 0.05 μg L -1 to 1980.34 mg L -1 , 0.012 to 3.78 μg L -1 , and 1.12 μg L -1 to 2.32 μg L -1 of B, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, and Zn, respectively, are found in tea infusion which are lower than the prescribed limit of micronutrients in drinking water by World Health Organization. Furthermore, micronutrient contents in tea infusion depend on infusion procedure as well as on the instrument used for analysis. The proportion of micronutrients found in different tea types are 1.0-88.9% for B, 10-60% for Co, 2.0-97.8% for Cu, 67.8-89.9% for Fe, 71.0-87.4% for Mn, 13.3-34% for Mo, and 34.9-83% for Zn. From the results, it can also be concluded that consumption of three cups of tea infusion per day does not have any adverse effect on human health with respect to the referred micronutrients rather got beneficial effects to human.

  10. Transitions in Al-like, Mg-like and Na-like Kr and Mo, observed in the JET tokamak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jupen, C; Denne, B; Martinson, I [JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxon (UK)

    1990-05-01

    Spectra of highly ionized Kr and Mo, emitted from the JET tokamak plasmas, have been recorded in the region 30-335 A. Detailed analysis of the n=3, {Delta}n=0 transitions in Kr XXIV-XXVI and Mo XXX-XXXII has resulted in a number of new spectral classifications. Some isoelectronic regularities for Al-like and Mg-like ions are discussed. (orig.).

  11. Development and characterization of Mn{sup 2+}-doped MgO nanoparticles by solution combustion synthesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basha, Md. Hussain; Gopal, N. O., E-mail: nogopal@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Vikrama Simhapuri University Post Graduate Center, Kavali-524201 (India); Rao, J. L. [Department of physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati-517502 (India); Nagabhushana, H. [Prof. C.N.R. Rao Centre for Nano Research, Tumkur University, Tumkur-572103 (India); Nagabhushana, B. M. [Department of Chemistry, M.S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore - 560054 (India); Chakradhar, R. P. S. [CSIR- National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore -560017 (India)

    2015-06-24

    Mn doped MgO Nanoparticles have been prepared by Solution Combustion Synthesis. The synthesized sample is characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR). The prepared MgO:Mn (1 mol%) nano crystals appear to be of simple cubic crystalline phase with lattice parameters a = 4.218(2) Å and cell volume = 74.98 (7) Å{sup 3}. SEM micrograph of powders show highly porous, many agglomerates with irregular morphology, large voids, cracks and pores. EPR spectrum of the sample at room temperature exhibit an isotropic sextet hyperfine pattern, centered at g=1.99, characteristic if Mn{sup 2+} ions with S=I=5/2.The observed g value and the hyperfine value reveal the ionic bonding between Mn{sup 2+} and its surroundings.

  12. Effect of minor Er and Zr on microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Mg-Mn alloy (5083) welded joints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dongxia, Yang, E-mail: yangdongxia116@emails.bjut.edu.cn [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China); Xiaoyan, Li; Dingyong, He; Hui, Huang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China)

    2013-01-20

    Samples of Al-Mg-Mn and Al-Mg-Mn-Er-Zr alloys were welded using the method of laser welding. The influence of Er and Zr on microstructure, microhardness and mechanical properties of the Al-Mg-Mn alloy welded joints were investigated. It has been found that addition of Er and Zr refines the grain size in the fusion zone, due to the formation of primary Al{sub 3}Zr and Al{sub 3}Er. Fine equiaxed grains are dominated near the fusion boundary of the Al-Mg-Mn-Er-Zr alloy joint, which is contrary with the columnar crystal in the Al-Mg-Mn alloy joint. Microhardness of the center of the fusion zone rises from 74HV{sub 0.1} to 84HV{sub 0.1} owing to the grain refinement by Er and Zr. The tensile test result shows that the ultimate tensile strength and yield strength are improved by adding Er and Zr. The main reason for this is related to grain refining strengthening.

  13. Effect of CeLa addition on the microstructures and mechanical properties of Al-Cu-Mn-Mg-Fe alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Du, Jiandi; Ding, Dongyan; Xu, Zhou; Zhang, Junchao; Zhang, Wenlong; Gao, Yongjin; Chen, Guozhen; Chen, Weigao; You, Xiaohua; Chen, Renzong; Huang, Yuanwei; Tang, Jinsong

    2017-01-01

    Development of high strength lithium battery shell alloy is highly desired for new energy automobile industry. The microstructures and mechanical properties of Al-Cu-Mn-Mg-Fe alloy with different CeLa additions were investigated through optical microscopy (OM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Rietveld refinement and tensile testing. Experimental results indicate that Al 8 Cu 4 Ce and Al 6 Cu 6 La phases formed due to CeLa addition. Addition of 0.25 wt.% CeLa could promote the formation of denser precipitation of Al 20 Cu 2 Mn 3 and Al 6 (Mn, Fe) phases, which improved the mechanical properties of the alloy at room temperature. However, up to 0.50 wt.% CeLa addition could promote the formation of coarse Al 8 Cu 4 Ce phase, Al 6 Cu 6 La phase and Al 6 (Mn, Fe) phase, which resulted in weakened mechanical properties. - Highlights: •Al-Cu-Mn-Mg-Fe alloys with different CeLa addition were fabricated through casting and rolling. •Al 8 Cu 4 Ce and Al 6 Cu 6 La phases formed after CeLa addition. •Addition of 0.25 wt.% CeLa promoted formation of denser precipitates of Al 20 Cu 2 Mn 3 and Al 6 (Mn, Fe). •Mechanical properties of the alloy was improved after 0.25 wt.% CeLa addition.

  14. Spectrographic determination of impurities in ammonium bifluoride. IV.Study of the processes of vaporization, transport and excitation of the elements Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb and Si

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alduan, F.A.; Capdevila, C.; Roca, M.

    1981-01-01

    The influences of the processes of vaporization, transport and excitation on the shape of the volatilization-excitation curves and on the values of the spectra-line intensities have been investigated in a method for the spectrographic determination of Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb and Si in ammonium bifluoride samples by direct current arc Ga 2 O 3 , GeO 2 , MgO and ZnO. The reaction products in the electrode cavity have been identified by X-ray powder diffraction analysis and the porcentages of vaporized and diffused element evaluated through analysis by total-burning spectrographic methods. In addition, the values of both the number of particles entering the discharge column and the transport efficiencies have been calculated. Thus, the origin of most observed differences has been explained. (author)

  15. Microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Cu-Mg-Mn-Zr alloy with trace amounts of Ag

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Xiaoyan; Pan Qinglin; Lu Congge; He Yunbin; Li Wenbin; Liang Wenjie

    2009-01-01

    The microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Cu-Mg-(Ag)-Mn-Zr alloys were studied by means of tensile testing, optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results show that small additions of Ag to Al-Cu-Mg-Mn-Zr alloy can accelerate the hardening effect of the aged alloy and reduce the time to peak-aged. The mechanical properties can be improved both at room temperature and at elevated temperatures, which is attributed to the fine and uniform plate-like Ω precipitates. Meanwhile the ductility of the studied alloys remains at relatively high level. The major strengthening phases of the Ag-free alloy are θ' and less S', while that of Al-Cu-Mg-Mn-Zr alloy containing trace amounts of Ag are Ω and less θ'.

  16. Catalytic Combustion of Low Concentration Methane over Catalysts Prepared from Co/Mg-Mn Layered Double Hydroxides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongfeng Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A series of Co/Mg-Mn mixed oxides were synthesized through thermal decomposition of layered double hydroxides (LDHs precursors. The resulted catalysts were then subjected for catalytic combustion of methane. Experimental results revealed that the Co4.5Mg1.5Mn2LDO catalyst possessed the best performance with the T90=485°C. After being analyzed via XRD, BET-BJH, SEM, H2-TPR, and XPS techniques, it was observed that the addition of cobalt had significantly improved the redox ability of the catalysts whilst certain amount of magnesium was essential to guarantee the catalytic activity. The presence of Mg was helpful to enhance the oxygen mobility and, meanwhile, improved the dispersion of Co and Mn oxides, preventing the surface area loss after calcination.

  17. Tunnel magnetoresistance in thermally robust Mo/CoFeB/MgO tunnel junction with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Fang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We report on tunnel magnetoresistance and electric-field effect in the Mo buffered and capped CoFeB/MgO magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. A large tunnel magnetoresistance of 120% is achieved. Furthermore, this structure shows greatly improved thermal stability and stronger electric-field-induced modulation effect in comparison with the Ta/CoFeB/MgO-based MTJs. These results suggest that the Mo-based MTJs are more desirable for next generation spintronic devices.

  18. Sr doped BiMO{sub 3} (M = Mn, Fe, Y) perovskites: Structure correlated thermal and electrical properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thakur, Samita, E-mail: samitasthakur@gmail.com [School of Physics and Materials Science, Thapar University, Patiala 147004 (India); School of Basic Sciences, Arni University, Kathgarh (India); Singh, K.; Pandey, O.P. [School of Physics and Materials Science, Thapar University, Patiala 147004 (India)

    2017-02-01

    Sr{sup 2+} substituted BiMnO{sub 3−δ} (BSM), BiFeO{sub 3−δ} (BSF) and BiYO{sub 3−δ} (BSY) perovskites structured samples have been investigated for their structural, thermal and electrical properties. These samples are characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), iodometric titration, Raman spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and conductivity. Rietveld refinement confirms that BSY sample has cubic (Fm-3m) symmetry with limited solid solubility of Sr{sup 2+} as compared to tetragonal symmetry (p4mm) of BSM and BSF samples. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study confirms the presence of Mn{sup 4+} and Fe{sup 4+} content in BSM and BSF samples. The amount of Mn{sup 3+}, Fe{sup 4+} and oxygen vacancies in these systems are calculated by iodometric titration. The highest oxygen vacancies are found in BSF sample. The BSM system exhibit the highest conductivity followed by BSF and BSY samples due to the presence of Mn{sup 4+} content and moderate oxygen vacancies in this particular sample. - Highlights: • (BiSr)MO{sub 3} (M = Mn, Fe, Y) was synthesized by solid state reaction method. • The B-site cation highly affect the generation of defects in perovskites. • The structural and electrical properties strongly depend upon the B-site cation.

  19. Combining sedimentological, trace metal (Mn, Mo) and molecular evidence for reconstructing past water-column redox conditions: The example of meromictic Lake Cadagno (Swiss Alps)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wirth, S. B.; Gilli, A.; Niemann, H.

    2013-01-01

    reducing conditions and subsequent rapid precipitation of Mn-(oxyhydr) oxide minerals during episodic and short-term water-column mixing events mainly due to flood-induced underflows. At 9800 +/- 130 cal yr BP, a rapid transition to fully sulfidic conditions is indicated by the marked enrichment of Mo......-transition period beginning shortly after the lake formation similar to 12.5 kyr ago. The oxic period is characterized by low sedimentary Mn and Mo concentrations, as well as by the absence of any remnants of anoxygenic phototrophic sulfur bacteria. Enhanced accumulation/preservation of Mn (up to 5.6 wt...

  20. Effects of homogenization on microstructures and properties of a new type Al-Mg-Mn-Zr-Ti-Er alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    He, L.Z.; Li, X.H.; Liu, X.T.; Wang, X.J.; Zhang, H.T.; Cui, J.Z.

    2010-01-01

    Research highlights: These new type alloys are very potential for increased use in aerospace and automobile industries. However, most of published reports have focused on the effects of Cu, Sc, Zr, Ag, rare metals and Si additions, Portevin-LeChatelier effect, corrosion properties, friction stir welding and superplasticity in 5000-series aluminum alloy, few investigated on Er and stepped homogenization on the precipitation of dispersoids in Al-Mg-Mn alloy. The purpose of this work was to study the effects of Er and homogenization treatment on mechanical properties and microstructural evolution in new type Al-Mg-Mn-Er alloy. - Abstract: Microstructural evolutions and mechanical properties of Al-Mg-Mn-Zr-Ti-Er alloy after homogenization were investigated in detail by optical microscope (OM), scanning electronic microscope (SEM), transmission electronic microscope (TEM), energy dispersive spectrum (EDS) and tensile test. A maximum tensile strength is obtained when the alloy homogenized at 510 deg. C for 16 h. With increasing preheating temperature (200-400 deg. C), the strength of the alloy finial homogenized at 490 deg. C for 16 h increases. When the preheating temperature is ≥300 deg. C, the strengths of the two-step homogenized alloys are higher than those of the single homogenized alloys. The preheating stage plays an important role in the microstructures and properties of the final homogenized alloy. Many fine (Mn,Fe)Al 6 precipitates when the preheating temperature is 400 deg. C. ErAl 3 phase cannot be observed during preheating stage. Plenty of fine (Mn,Fe)Al 6 and ErAl 3 precipitate in finial homogenized alloy when the preheating temperature is ≥300 deg. C. The Al-Mg-Mn-Zr-Ti-Er alloy is effectively strengthened by substructure and dispersoids of (Mn,Fe)Al 6 and ErAl 3 .

  1. Three-Dimensional NiCo2O4@MnMoO4 Core-Shell Nanoarrays for High-Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Yuliang; Wang, Weicheng; Yang, Jie; Tang, Haichao; Ye, Zhizhen; Zeng, Yujia; Lu, Jianguo

    2017-10-10

    Design of new materials with sophisticated nanostructure has been proven to be an efficient strategy to improve their properties in many applications. Herein, we demonstrate the successful combination of high electron conductive materials of NiCo 2 O 4 with high capacitance materials of MnMoO 4 by forming a core-shell nanostructure. The NiCo 2 O 4 @MnMoO 4 core-shell nanoarrays (CSNAs) electrode possesses high capacitance of 1169 F g -1 (4.24 F cm -2 ) at a current density of 2.5 mA cm -2 , obviously larger than the pristine NiCo 2 O 4 electrode. The asymmetric supercapacitors (ASCs), assembled with NiCo 2 O 4 @MnMoO 4 CSNAs as binder-free cathode and active carbon (AC) as anode, exhibit high energy density of 15 Wh kg -1 and high power density of 6734 W kg -1 . Cycle performance of NiCo 2 O 4 @MnMoO 4 CSNAs//AC ASCs, conducted at current density of 20 mA cm -2 , remain 96.45% of the initial capacitance after 10,000 cycles, demonstrating its excellent long-term cycle stability. Kinetically decoupled analysis reveals that the capacitive capacitance is dominant in the total capacitance of NiCo 2 O 4 @MnMoO 4 CSNAs electrode, which may be the reason for ultra long cycle stability of ASCs. Our assembled button ASC can easily light up a red LED for 30 min and a green LED for 10 min after being charged for 30 s. The remarkable electrochemical performance of NiCo 2 O 4 @MnMoO 4 CSNAs//AC ASCs is attributed to its enhanced surface area, abundant electroactive sites, facile electrolyte infiltration into the 3D NiCo 2 O 4 @MnMnO 4 nanoarrays and fast electron and ion transport path.

  2. Solid-solid interactions in Co3O4-MoO3/MgO system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radwan, Nagi R.E.; Ghozza, Ahmed M.; El-Shobaky, Gamil A.

    2003-01-01

    Cobalt/magnesium mixed oxide solids and cobalt-molybdenum/magnesium mixed oxide solids were prepared by thermal decomposition of basic magnesium carbonate pretreated with different proportions of cobalt nitrate and then with calculated amounts of ammonium molybdate. The proportions of cobalt expressed as Co 3 O 4 were 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mol while the concentrations of molybdenum expressed as mol% MoO 3 were 2.5 and 5.0. The prepared mixed solid specimens were calcined in air at 400-1000 deg. C. The solid-solid interactions in Co 3 O 4 -MoO 3 were investigated using DTA, TG and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) techniques. The results obtained revealed that MgO dissolved cobalt oxide in its lattice forming CoO-MgO solid solution. The amount of cobalt dissolved increases by increasing the temperature in the range 800-1000 deg. C. This finding was confirmed by X-ray diffractograms in which all the diffraction lines of cobalt oxide disappeared at 1000 deg. C. MoO 3 present interacted readily with MgO and cobalt oxide by heat treatment at temperature starting from 400 deg. C producing MgMoO 4 and CoMoO 4 which remained stable by heating at 1000 deg. C. The impregnation of basic magnesium carbonate with cobalt nitrate much enhanced its thermal decomposition yielding MgO, which decomposed completely at 395.5 deg. C instead of 525 deg. C. The formation of magnesium cobaltite (MgCo 2 O 4 ) has been ruled out via XRD investigation at relatively high diffraction angles

  3. High-activity MgO-supported CoMo Hydrodesulfurization Catalysts Prepared by Non-aqueous Impregnation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kaluža, Luděk; Gulková, Daniela; Vít, Zdeněk; Zdražil, Miroslav

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 162, JAN 2015 (2015), s. 430-436 ISSN 0926-3373 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP106/11/0902 Institutional support: RVO:67985858 Keywords : CoMo/MgO * benzothiophene hydrodesulfurization * non-aqueous impregnation Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 8.328, year: 2015

  4. High temperature phase transition in SOFC anodes based on Sr2MgMoO6-δ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marrero-Lopez, D.; Pena-Martinez, J.; Ruiz-Morales, J.C.; Martin-Sedeno, M.C.; Nunez, P.

    2009-01-01

    The double perovskite Sr 2 MgMoO 6-δ has been recently reported as an efficient anode material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). In the present work, this material have been investigated by high temperature X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and impedance spectroscopy to further characterise its properties as SOFC anode. DSC and XRD measurements indicate that Sr 2 MgMoO 6-δ exhibits a reversible phase transition around 275 deg. C from triclinic (I1-bar) with an octahedral tilting distortion to cubic (Fm3-barm) without octahedral distortion. This phase transition is continuous with increasing temperature without any sudden cell volume change during the phase transformation. The main effect of the phase transformation is observed in the electrical conductivity with a change in the activation energy at low temperature. La 3+ and Fe-substituted Sr 2 MgMoO 6-δ phases were also investigated, however these materials are unstable under oxidising conditions due to phase segregations above 600 deg. C. - Graphical abstract: The double perovskite Sr 2 MgMoO 6 , recently proposed as an efficient SOFC anode for direct hydrocarbon oxidation, exhibits a reversible structural phase transition from triclinic to cubic at 275 deg. C.

  5. Superconductivity in dense Mg1–xMxB2 (M= Zr, Nb, Mo; x= 0⋅ 05 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 28; Issue 3. Superconductivity in dense Mg1–MB2 (M = Zr, Nb, Mo; = 0.05) materials sintered under pressure. S Kalavathi C Divakar. Superconductors Volume 28 Issue 3 June 2005 pp 249-252 ...

  6. Fabrication of Mg-X-O (X = Fe, Co, Ni, Cr, Mn, Ti, V, and Zn) barriers for magnetic tunnel junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakushiji, K.; Kitagawa, E.; Ochiai, T.; Kubota, H.; Shimomura, N.; Ito, J.; Yoda, H.; Yuasa, S.

    2018-05-01

    We fabricated magnetic tunnel junctions with a 3d-transition material(X)-doped MgO (Mg-X-O) barrier, and evaluated the effect of the doping on magnetoresistance (MR) and microstructure. Among the variations of X (X = Fe, Co, Ni, Cr, Mn, Ti, V, and Zn), X = Fe and Mn showed a high MR ratio of more than 100%, even at a low resistance-area product of 3 Ωμm2. The microstructure analysis revealed that (001) textured orientation formed for X = Fe and Mn despite substantial doping (about 10 at%). The elemental mappings indicated that Fe atoms in the Mg-Fe-O barrier were segregated at the interfaces, while Mn atoms were evenly involved in the Mg-Mn-O barrier. This suggests that MgO has high adaptability for Fe and Mn dopants in terms of high MR ratio.

  7. Biogas reforming over multi walled carbon nanotubes with Co-Mo/MgO nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khavarian, Mehrnoush; Mohamed, Abdul Rahman

    2017-12-01

    The utilization of biogas for the production of valuable chemicals is among the very important processes in the energy research field. The most suitable process for biogas reforming is dry reforming of methane. An obvious drawback is the variable composition of biogas rather than the stoichiometrically equimolar quantities of methane and carbon dioxide. Moreover, activating the methane and carbon dioxide molecules in the reforming reaction provides many challenges in exploring new concepts and opportunities for development of unique catalysts. In the present work, the catalytic activity behavior of Co-Mo-MgO/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposite in dry reforming was investigated with different CO2/CH4 feed ratio to evaluate the performance of this catalyst for biogas reforming reaction. It was found that conversions of methane and carbon dioxide were greatly influenced by the feed gas ratio. The CH4 and CO2 conversions are 83 % and 87 % at the reaction temperature of 825 °C, GHSV of 175 L/h.gcat and CO2/CH4 feed ratio of unity. The minimum carbon deposition rate is observed at the CO2/CH4 feed ratio of 0.6 which is 0.080 gc/gcat-h.

  8. Microstructures, mechanical and corrosion properties and biocompatibility of as extruded Mg-Mn-Zn-Nd alloys for biomedical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Ying-Long; Li, Yuncang; Luo, Dong-Mei; Ding, Yunfei; Hodgson, Peter

    2015-04-01

    Extruded Mg-1Mn-2Zn-xNd alloys (x=0.5, 1.0, 1.5 mass %) have been developed for their potential use as biomaterials. The extrusion on the alloys was performed at temperature of 623K with an extrusion ratio of 14.7 under an average extrusion speed of 4mm/s. The microstructure, mechanical property, corrosion behavior and biocompatibility of the extruded Mg-Mn-Zn-Nd alloys have been investigated in this study. The microstructure was examined using X-ray diffraction analysis and optical microscopy. The mechanical properties were determined from uniaxial tensile and compressive tests. The corrosion behavior was investigated using electrochemical measurement. The biocompatibility was evaluated using osteoblast-like SaOS2 cells. The experimental results indicate that all extruded Mg-1Mn-2Zn-xNd alloys are composed of both α phase of Mg and a compound of Mg7Zn3 with very fine microstructures, and show good ductility and much higher mechanical strength than that of cast pure Mg and natural bone. The tensile strength and elongation of the extruded alloys increase with an increase in neodymium content. Their compressive strength does not change significantly with an increase in neodymium content. The extruded alloys show good biocompatibility and much higher corrosion resistance than that of cast pure Mg. The extruded Mg-1Mn-2Zn-1.0Nd alloy shows a great potential for biomedical applications due to the combination of enhanced mechanical properties, high corrosion resistance and good biocompatibility. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Influence of elemental diffusion on low temperature formation of MgH2 in TiMn1.3T0.2-Mg (T = 3d-transition elements)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamamoto, K.; Tanioka, S.; Tsushio, Y.; Shimizu, T.; Morishita, T.; Orimo, S.; Fujii, H.

    1996-01-01

    In order to examine the influence of the elemental diffusion from the host compound into the Mg region on low temperature formation of MgH 2 , we have investigated the hydriding properties and the microstructures of the composite materials TiMn 1.3 T 0.2 -Mg (T = V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni and Cu). MgH 2 is formed at 353 K in all composite materials. Of all the substitutions, the amount of MgH 2 is the largest in the case of the Cu substitution, which originates from the existence of the Mg-Mg 2 Cu eutectic formed by Cu diffusion from the host compound TiMn 1.3 Cu 0.2 into the Mg region during the liquid phase sintering. In addition, the hydrogen capacity of TiMn 1.3 Cu 0.2 -Mg (that is TiMn 1.3 Cu 0.1 -(Mg+Mg 2 Cu) after the sintering) easily saturates in comparison with TiMn 1.5 -(Mg+Mg 2 Cu) without Cu diffusion. It is concluded that Cu diffusion promotes the mobility of hydrogen atoms at the complex interface between the host compound and the Mg region. (orig.)

  10. Solid solution limits and selected mechanical properties of the quaternary L12 trialuminide Al-Ti-Mn-Mo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schneibel, J.H.

    1994-01-01

    Intermetallics based on the trialuminide Al 3 Ti, or on Al 11 Ti 5 , have been extensively researched in recent years. Alloying with approximately 10 at.% of first-row transition elements, such as Cr or Mn, converts the DO 22 structure of Al 3 Ti to L1 2 . Although this transition to the L1 2 structure increases the number of independent slip systems to five and causes substantial softening, room-temperature tensile ductilities and fracture toughnesses remain low. Typical values for the room-temperature ductilities of Al-25Ti-8Cr and Al-25Ti-9Mn are 0.2% and room-temperature fracture toughnesses of trialuminides range from 2 to 5 MPa m 1/2 . Reasons for the low fracture toughness of trialuminides have been discussed by Turner et al. and George et al. On a phenomenological basis, it appears that fracture toughnesses might improve, if either Poisson's ratio or the ratio of the bulk and shear moduli can be increased. In principle, this might be achieved by macroalloying ternary L1 2 trialuminides, while at the same time maintaining the L1 2 crystal structure. Focusing on first-row transition elements, Kumar and Brown investigated a range of such quaternary compounds. They did not observe any improvement in ductility, as compared to the ternary compounds. In the present work, it was decided to focus on a second-row transition element, namely, 2 molybdenum. As compared to Cr and Mn, which are only slightly soluble in Al 3 Ti, up to 20 at. % Mo dissolves in Al 3 Ti at 1,198 K. This raises the question whether substantial amounts of Mo also dissolve in the cubic ternary trialuminides such as Al-Ti-Mn. In order to verify this possibility, the extent of the single-phase region of cubic Al-Ti-Mn-Mo intermetallic was mapped out at 1,473 K. In addition, a limited characterization of room-temperature mechanical properties was carried out

  11. Enhanced moments in bcc Co{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x} on MgO(001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Snow, R.J.; Bhatkar, H. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59715 (United States); N' Diaye, A.T.; Arenholz, E. [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley Nat. Labs, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Idzerda, Y.U., E-mail: Idzerda@montana.edu [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59715 (United States)

    2016-12-01

    A 40% enhancement of the Co magnetic moment has been found for thin films of bcc Co{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x} grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a 2 nm bcc Fe buffer layer on MgO(001). Although the bcc phase cannot be stabilized in the bulk, we confirm that it is stable as an epitaxial film in the composition range x=0–0.7. Using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism, we show that the Co moment is a maximum of 2.38 μ{sub B} at x=0.24, while the net Mn moment remains roughly constant until x=0.24, then drops steadily. Mn is found to align parallel with Co for all ferromagnetic concentrations, up to x=0.7, where the total moment of the film abruptly collapses to zero, most likely due to the onset of the observed structural instability. - Highlights: • Stabilization of bcc Co{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x} films in the composition range of x=0 to 0.7. • Enhancement of Co moment by 40% from pure bcc Co. • Parallel alignment of Mn moment and Co moment. • Measured the elemental moment of Co and Mn as a function of composition.

  12. Effect of CeLa addition on the microstructures and mechanical properties of Al-Cu-Mn-Mg-Fe alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Du, Jiandi [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Ding, Dongyan, E-mail: dyding@sjtu.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Xu, Zhou; Zhang, Junchao; Zhang, Wenlong [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Gao, Yongjin; Chen, Guozhen; Chen, Weigao; You, Xiaohua [Huafon NLM Al Co., Ltd, Shanghai 201506 (China); Chen, Renzong; Huang, Yuanwei; Tang, Jinsong [Shanghai Huafon Materials Technology Institute, Shanghai 201203 (China)

    2017-01-15

    Development of high strength lithium battery shell alloy is highly desired for new energy automobile industry. The microstructures and mechanical properties of Al-Cu-Mn-Mg-Fe alloy with different CeLa additions were investigated through optical microscopy (OM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Rietveld refinement and tensile testing. Experimental results indicate that Al{sub 8}Cu{sub 4}Ce and Al{sub 6}Cu{sub 6}La phases formed due to CeLa addition. Addition of 0.25 wt.% CeLa could promote the formation of denser precipitation of Al{sub 20}Cu{sub 2}Mn{sub 3} and Al{sub 6}(Mn, Fe) phases, which improved the mechanical properties of the alloy at room temperature. However, up to 0.50 wt.% CeLa addition could promote the formation of coarse Al{sub 8}Cu{sub 4}Ce phase, Al{sub 6}Cu{sub 6}La phase and Al{sub 6}(Mn, Fe) phase, which resulted in weakened mechanical properties. - Highlights: •Al-Cu-Mn-Mg-Fe alloys with different CeLa addition were fabricated through casting and rolling. •Al{sub 8}Cu{sub 4}Ce and Al{sub 6}Cu{sub 6}La phases formed after CeLa addition. •Addition of 0.25 wt.% CeLa promoted formation of denser precipitates of Al{sub 20}Cu{sub 2}Mn{sub 3} and Al{sub 6}(Mn, Fe). •Mechanical properties of the alloy was improved after 0.25 wt.% CeLa addition.

  13. Effect of Y on the bio-corrosion behavior of extruded Mg-Zn-Mn alloy in Hank's solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    He Weiwei; Zhang Erlin; Yang Ke

    2010-01-01

    The bio-corrosion properties of Mg-Zn-Mn alloys with and without Y in Hank's solution at 37 deg. C were investigated by using electrochemical test and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS). The results of open circuit potential (OCP) and polarization tests indicated that Y could reduce the cathodic current density. A passivative stage appeared in the Tafel curve of the Y containing magnesium alloy, indicating that a passivative film was formed on the surface of the Y containing magnesium alloy. EIS results showed that the Y containing alloy had higher charge transfer resistance and film resistance, but lower double layer capacity than the alloy without the Y element. The surface reaction product identification by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed that the surface corrosion products were hydroxide and phosphate (Mg 3 Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 4 ) for Mg-Zn-Mn alloy and phosphate (MgNaPO 4 ) for the Y containing Mg-Zn-Mn alloys. The XPS results also showed that a Y 2 O 3 protective film was formed on the surface of the Y containing magnesium alloy which contributed mainly to the low cathodic current density and the high resistance.

  14. Effect of Cr and Mn addition and heat treatment on AlSi3Mg casting alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tocci, Marialaura, E-mail: m.tocci@unibs.it [Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia (Italy); Donnini, Riccardo, E-mail: riccardo.donnini@cnr.it [National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry and Technologies for Energy (ICMATE), Via R. Cozzi 53, 20125 Milan (Italy); Angella, Giuliano, E-mail: giuliano.angella@cnr.it [National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry and Technologies for Energy (ICMATE), Via R. Cozzi 53, 20125 Milan (Italy); Pola, Annalisa, E-mail: annalisa.pola@unibs.it [Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia (Italy)

    2017-01-15

    In the present paper the effect of heat treatment on an AlSi3Mg alloy with and without Cr and Mn addition was investigated. Beside the well-known modification of the morphology of Fe-containing intermetallics, it was found that Cr and Mn allowed the formation of dispersoids in the aluminium matrix after solution heat treatment at 545 °C, as shown by scanning transmission electron microscope observations. These particles were responsible of the enhanced Vickers microhardness of the aluminium matrix in comparison with the base alloy after solution treatment and quenching, according to dispersion hardening mechanism. The presence of these particles was not affected by ageing treatment, which instead allowed the precipitation of β-Mg{sub 2}Si, as shown by the elaboration of differential scanning calorimeter curves. The formation of dispersoids and the study of their effect on mechanical properties can represent an interesting development for applications at high temperatures of casting alloys due to their thermal stability compared to other strengthening phases as β-Mg{sub 2}Si. - Highlights: •Cr and Mn successfully modified the morphology of Fe-containing intermetallics. •Cr- and Mn-dispersoids formed in the aluminium matrix during solution treatment. •Dispersion hardening was detected after solution treatment for Cr-containing alloy. •The dispersion hardening effect was maintained after ageing treatment.

  15. Comparative study on catalytic behavior of polynuclear Mg-Mo-complex and FeMo-co-factor of nitrogenase in reactions with C2H2, N2 and CO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bardina, N.V.; Bazhenova, T.A.; Petrova, G.N.; Shilova, A.K.; Shilov, A.E.

    2006-01-01

    Catalytic reduction kinetics of C 2 H 2 in the presence of the Mg-Mo-cluster {[Mg 2 Mo 8 O 22 (MeO) 6 (MeOH) 4 ] 2- [Mg(MeOH) 6 ] 2+ }·6MeOH 1 is studied. Several interdependent coordinating centers are active in reference to substrates and inhibitors in the polynuclear Mg-Mo-complex, as in the reduced by europium amalgam (μ 6 -N)MoFe 7 S 9 ·homocitrate (FeMoco, 2). Comparison of regularities in reduction mechanism of C 2 H 2 , N 2 and CO with the participation of synthetic polynuclear complex 1 and natural cluster 2 is conducted. Regularities of the studied reactions in the systems involving natural catalytic cluster FeMoco and the synthetic Mg-Mo-complex modelling of its effect are noted to be similar. The main variations the systems show as regards to the reaction with molecular nitrogen [ru

  16. Hydrothermal synthesis and corrosion behavior of the protective coating on Mg-2Zn-Mn-Ca-Ce alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Song

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Protective coatings were synthesized on the Mg-2Zn-Mn-Ca-Ce Mg alloy through the hydrothermal method with de-ionized water as the reagent. The coatings were composed of Mg hydroxide, generally uniform and compact. Hydrogen evolution tests and electrochemical tests in the Hanks’ solution demonstrated that the Mg(OH2 coatings effectively decreased the bio-degradation rate of the Mg alloy substrate. Microstructure observation showed that the coating formation on the secondary phases was more difficult than that on the α-Mg matrix, which led to micro cracks and pores on the secondary phases after drying. Over synthesizing time, the coating layer on secondary phases gradually becomes more compact and uniform. Meanwhile, owing to the thicker and more compact coatings, the corrosion resistance and protective efficiency were significantly improved with longer synthesizing time as well.

  17. Model surface studies of metal oxides: Adsorption of water and methanol on ultrathin MgO films on Mo(100)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu, M.; Estrada, C.A.; Corneille, J.S.; Goodman, D.W.

    1992-01-01

    Model surface studies of magnesium oxide have been carried out using surface sensitive techniques. Ultrathin MgO films have been synthesized under ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) conditions by thermally evaporating Mg onto Mo(100) in the presence of oxygen. Low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) studies indicate that the MgO films grow epitaxially with the (100) face of MgO oriented parallel to Mo(100). The MgO films, prepared under optimum synthesis conditions, have essentially one-to-one stoichiometry, are nearly free from pointlike surface defects, and have properties essentially identical to those of bulk, single-crystal MgO. Adsorption of water and methanol onto the MgO films has been studied using high-resolution electron energy-loss spectroscopy (HREELS) and temperature programmed desorption (TPD). In order to circumvent the difficulty associated with intense multiple surface optical phonon (Fuchs--Kliewer modes) losses, a new approach to acquisition of HREELS data has been demonstrated. This new approach enables the direct observation of weak loss features due to excitation of the adsorbates without serious interference from multiple phonon losses. Our HREELS studies show that water and methanol undergo heterolytic dissociation, leading to the formation of hydroxyl and methoxy species, respectively

  18. Heavy Metals (Mg, Mn, Ni and Sn contamination in Soil Samples of Ahvaz II Industrial Estate of Iran in 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheil l Sobhanardakani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aims of the Study: Due to the rapid industrial development in Khuzestan province of Iran during recent years, this study was performed to analyze the variation of metals concentrations (Mg, Mn, Ni, and Sn in soil samples of Ahvaz II Industrial estate during the spring season of 2013. Materials & Methods: In this experimental study, 27 topsoil samples were collected from nine stations. The intensity of the soil contamination was evaluated, using a contamination factor (Cf and geo-accumulation index (I-geo. Results:  The mean soil concentrations (in mg kg-1 (dry weight were in ranged within 870-1144 (Mg, 188-300 (Mn, 93-199 (Ni and 9-15 (Sn. The data indicated that the I-geo value for all metals falls in class ‘1’. Also the Cf value for Mg and Mn falls in class ‘0’, the Cf value for Sn falls in class ‘1’ and the Cf value for Ni falls in the classes of ‘1’ and ‘2’. The result of the Pearson correlation showed that there were significant positive associations between all metals. Conclusions: According to the results which were achieved by a cluster analysis, there were significant positive associations among all metals based on Pearson correlation coefficient, especially between Ni and Sn; also both of them with Mn. Because the Ni originates from oil sources it can be resulted that Mn and Sn originate from oil sources, too. Therefore, industrial activities and exploitation of oil reservoirs are the main cause of pollution in that area. Also, it can be concluded that, with increasing the distance from the source of pollution, the accumulation of contaminants in the soil samples decreased.

  19. The causes of relaxation- and hot cracking in the heat-affected zone of 22 NiMoCr 37 and 20 MnMoNi 55

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schellhammer, W.

    1977-01-01

    Non-destructive and metallographic investigations with a view to relaxation cracking and hot cracking were carried out in 53 component-specific welds with wall thicknesses of 40 to 360 mm and 21 experimental welds with wall thicknesses of 140 to 275 mm of high-temperature, fine-grained structural steel 22 NiMoCr 37 as well as in 27 component-specific welds of high-strength, fine-grained structural steel 20 MnMoNi 55. Non-destructive tests and conventional metallographic analyses by means of transverse structure micrography were unable to give a sufficiently accurate picture of the two types of cracks in the micro- and millimeter range, a 'volumetric' method was employed (tangential structure micrography with stepwise abrasion) which permitted semi-automatic and fast evaluation. The experimental results showed the selective influence of several elements and led to the development of a method to evaluate the cumulative effect of the chemical elements on relaxation cracking and hot cracking by addition of the selective influence. The method gives quantitative data on material optimisation with regard to the reduction of brittle and crack-prone states and confirms the findings of welding simulation tests. (orig./IHOE) 891 IHOE/orig.- 892 HIS [de

  20. Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6−δ} thin films fabricated using pulsed-laser deposition with high concentrations of oxygen vacancies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shigematsu, K. [Department of Chemistry, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Chikamatsu, A., E-mail: chikamatsu@chem.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Fukumura, T. [Department of Chemistry, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); JST-CREST, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Toyoda, S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachi, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Ikenaga, E. [JASRI/SPring-8, Mikazuki-cho, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Hasegawa, T. [Department of Chemistry, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); JST-CREST, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology (KAST), Kawasaki, Kanagawa 213-0012 (Japan)

    2014-06-30

    We fabricated epitaxial thin films of oxygen-vacant Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6−δ} using pulsed laser deposition. The films showed low resistivity of the order of 10{sup −2} Ω cm at 300 K. X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that Mg and Mo ions in the Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6−δ} films were considerably disordered, compared to those in bulk Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6−δ}. The proportion of oxygen vacancies estimated through hard x-ray photoemission measurements was as large as 0.37, and correlated well with the Mg/Mo ordering.

  1. Strength properties and structure of a submicrocrystalline Al-Mg-Mn alloy under shock compression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrova, A. N.; Brodova, I. G.; Razorenov, S. V.

    2017-06-01

    The results of studying the strength of a submicrocrystalline aluminum A5083 alloy (chemical composition was 4.4Mg-0.6Mn-0.11Si-0.23Fe-0.03Cr-0.02Cu-0.06Ti wt % and Al base) under shockwave compression are presented. The submicrocrystalline structure of the alloy was produced in the process of dynamic channel-angular pressing at a strain rate of 104 s-1. The average size of crystallites in the alloy was 180-460 nm. Hugoniot elastic limit σHEL, dynamic yield stress σy, and the spall strength σSP of the submicrocrystalline alloy were determined based on the free-surface velocity profiles of samples during shock compression. It has been established that upon shock compression, the σHEL and σy of the submicrocrystalline alloy are higher than those of the coarse-grained alloy and σsp does not depend on the grain size. The maximum value of σHEL reached for the submicrocrystalline alloy is 0.66 GPa, which is greater than that in the coarse-crystalline alloy by 78%. The dynamic yield stress is σy = 0.31 GPa, which is higher than that of the coarse-crystalline alloy by 63%. The spall strength is σsp = 1.49 GPa. The evolution of the submicrocrystalline structure of the alloy during shock compression was studied. It has been established that a mixed nonequilibrium grain-subgrain structure with a fragment size of about 400 nm is retained after shock compression, and the dislocation density and the hardness of the alloy are increased.

  2. Thermodynamic description of the Al-Cu-Mg-Mn-Si quinary system and its application to solidification simulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chang, Keke; Liu, Shuhong; Zhao, Dongdong; Du, Yong; Zhou, Liangcai; Chen, Li

    2011-01-01

    By means of the first-principles calculations, the enthalpy of formation for the quaternary phase in the Al-Cu-Mg-Si system was computed. A set of self-consistent thermodynamic parameters for the Al-Cu-Mg-Si and Al-Cu-Mn-Si systems was then obtained using CALPHAD approach taking into account the reliable experimental data and the first-principles calculations. The thermodynamic database for the Al-Cu-Mg-Mn-Si system was developed based on the constituent binary, ternary, and quaternary systems. Comprehensive comparisons between the calculated and measured phase diagrams and invariant reactions showed that the experimental information was satisfactorily accounted for by the present thermodynamic description. The obtained database was used to describe the solidification behavior of Al alloys B319.1 (90.2Al-6Si-3.5Cu-0.3Mg, in wt.%) and B319.1 + xMn (x = 0.5-2, in wt.%) under Gulliver-Scheil non-equilibrium condition. The reliability of the present thermodynamic database was also verified by the good agreement between calculation and experiment for Gulliver-Scheil non-equilibrium solidification.

  3. Nanosized spinel oxide catalysts for CO-oxidation prepared via CoMnMgAl quaternary hydrotalcite route

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mokhtar, M., E-mail: mmoustafa@kau.edu.s [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, 21589 Jeddah, P.O. Box 80203 (Saudi Arabia); Basahel, S.N.; Al-Angary, Y.O. [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, 21589 Jeddah, P.O. Box 80203 (Saudi Arabia)

    2010-03-18

    Catalytic activity of the Co-Mn-Mg-Al mixed oxide spinel catalysts was examined in CO oxidation by O{sub 2}. The prepared catalysts were characterized by chemical analysis (ICP), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermal analysis (TG, DTG), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area measurements, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).The calcined hydrotalcite-like precursor was composed of spinel-like Co-Mn-Mg-Al mixed oxide as the only XRD crystalline phases. The nanosized spinel oxide catalysts produced by calcination of hydrotalcites showed higher S{sub BET} than CoMn-hydrotalcite samples as calcination led to dehydroxylation and carbonate decomposition of anions in interlayer spaces. All the catalysts showed 100% CO conversion at high temperature even those calcined at 800 {sup o}C. A catalyst with Co/Mn = 4 and calcined at 500 {sup o}C showed 100% CO conversion at 160 {sup o}C. Moreover, this catalyst exhibited quite good durability without deactivation in 60 h stability test.

  4. Electrochemical performance of La-doped Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6-{delta}} in natural gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ji, Yuan [Texas Materials Institute, ETC 9.102, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); College of Physics, Jilin University, 2519 Jiefang Road, Changchun 130023, Jilin Province (China); Huang, Yun-Hui; Goodenough, John B. [Texas Materials Institute, ETC 9.102, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Ying, Jie-Rong [Texas Materials Institute, ETC 9.102, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, P.O. Box 1021, Beijing 102201 (China)

    2007-08-15

    Modification of the double perovskite Sr{sub 2}MgMoO{sub 6-{delta}} by La substitution has shown that Sr{sub 2-x}La{sub x}MgMoO{sub 6-{delta}} with 0.6 {<=} x {<=} 0.8 has better performance as the anode of a solid oxide fuel cell. With a Sr{sub 1.2}La{sub 0.8}MgMoO{sub 6-{delta}} anode, LSGM electrolyte, SrCo{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} cathode, and a La{sub 0.5}Ce{sub 0.4}O{sub 1.7-{delta}} buffer layer between the anode and the electrolyte, a maximum power density of 550 mW/cm{sup 2} has been obtained for a SOFC operating on wet methane (3%H{sub 2}O) at 800 C. The performance of the SOFC using C{sub 2}H{sub 6} fuel, like that of CH{sub 4}, changes little on switching from dry C{sub 2}H{sub 6} to 3% H{sub 2}O/C{sub 2}H{sub 6}, but improvement with wet C{sub 3}H{sub 8} shows that some steam will need to be added to a moderately desulfurized natural-gas fuel. (author)

  5. Circadian rhythm in concentrations of Mg, K, Ca and Mn in Japanese morning glory during flowering process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ikeue, Natsuko; Tanoi, Keitaro; Furukawa, Jun; Yokota, Harumi; Okuni, Yoko; Nakanishi, Tomoko M.

    2001-01-01

    Concentrations of 4 trace elements, Mg, K, Ca and Mn, in each tissues of Japanese morning glory were analyzed during the flower development. To determine the element amount, neutron activation analysis with gamma-ray spectroscopy was performed. In this study, we focused on the movement of the trace elements especially with short-day treatment. Each element showed its specific distribution in the parts of a plant. The concentration of each element was changed rhythmically within a day. It was noted that, in the apical bud, concentrations of Mg, Ca and Mn were decreased from 5 h (2 h before light was on) to 7 h and increased again after 9 h. (author)

  6. Circadian rhythm in concentrations of Mg, K, Ca and Mn in Japanese morning glory during flowering process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeue, Natsuko; Tanoi, Keitaro; Furukawa, Jun; Yokota, Harumi; Okuni, Yoko; Nakanishi, Tomoko M. [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences

    2001-06-01

    Concentrations of 4 trace elements, Mg, K, Ca and Mn, in each tissues of Japanese morning glory were analyzed during the flower development. To determine the element amount, neutron activation analysis with gamma-ray spectroscopy was performed. In this study, we focused on the movement of the trace elements especially with short-day treatment. Each element showed its specific distribution in the parts of a plant. The concentration of each element was changed rhythmically within a day. It was noted that, in the apical bud, concentrations of Mg, Ca and Mn were decreased from 5 h (2 h before light was on) to 7 h and increased again after 9 h. (author)

  7. Discharge capacity and microstructures of La Mg Pr Al Mn Co Ni alloys for nickel-metal hydride batteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Casini, J.C.S.; Galdino, G.S.; Ferreira, E.A.; Takiishi, H.; Faria, R.N.

    2010-01-01

    La 0.7-x Mg x Pr 0.3 Al 0.3 Mn 0.4 Co 0.5 Ni 3.8 (x = 0.0, 0.3 and 0.7) alloys have been investigated aiming the production of negative electrodes for nickel-metal hydride batteries. The alloys employed in this work were used in the as cast state. The results showed that the substitution of magnesium by lanthanum increased the discharge capacity of the Ni-MH batteries. A battery produced with the La 0.4 Mg 0.3 Pr 0.3 Al 0.3 Mn 0.4 Co 0.5 Ni 3.8 alloy shown a high discharge capacity (380mAh/g) also good stability compared to other alloys. The electrode materials were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). (author)

  8. Microstructure, mechanical properties and bio-corrosion properties of Mg-Zn-Mn-Ca alloy for biomedical application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Erlin; Yang Lei

    2008-01-01

    Microstructure, mechanical properties and bio-corrosion properties of as-cast Mg-Zn-Mn-Ca alloys were investigated for biomedical application in detail by optical microscopy, scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), mechanical properties testing and electrochemical measurement. SEM and optical microscopy observation indicated that the grain size of the as-cast alloys significantly decreased with the increasing of Ca content up to 0.5 wt.%. Further increasing of Ca content did not refine the grain more. The phase constitute was mainly controlled by the atomic ratio of Zn to Ca. When the ratio was more than 1.0-1.2, the alloy was mainly composed of primary Mg and lamellar eutectic (α-Mg + Ca 2 Mg 6 Zn 3 ), while the alloy was composed of primary Mg and divorced eutectic (α-Mg + Mg 2 Ca + Ca 2 Mg 6 Zn 3 ) when the atomic ratio was less than 1.0-1.2. The yield strength of the as-cast alloy increased but the elongation and the tensile strength increased first and then decreased with the increasing of Ca content. It was thought that Mg 2 Ca phase deteriorated the tensile strength and ductility. Electrochemical measurements indicated that Mg 2 Ca phase improved the corrosion resistance of the as-cast alloy

  9. Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of TIG and FSW Joints of a New Al-Mg-Mn-Sc-Zr Alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Guofu; Qian, Jian; Xiao, Dan; Deng, Ying; Lu, Liying; Yin, Zhimin

    2016-04-01

    A new Al-5.8%Mg-0.4%Mn-0.25%Sc-0.10%Zr (wt.%) alloy was successfully welded by tungsten inert gas (TIG) and friction stir welding (FSW) techniques, respectively. The mechanical properties and microstructure of the welded joints were investigated by microhardness measurements, tensile tests, and microscopy methods. The results show that the ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation to failure are 358, 234 MPa, and 27.6% for TIG welded joint, and 376, 245 MPa and 31.9% for FSW joint, respectively, showing high strength and superior ductility. The TIG welded joint fails in the heat-affected zone and the fracture of FSW joint is located in stirred zone. Al-Mg-Mn-Sc-Zr alloy is characterized by lots of dislocation tangles and secondary coherent Al3(Sc,Zr) particles. The superior mechanical properties of the TIG and FSW joints are mainly derived from the Orowan strengthening and grain boundary strengthening caused by secondary coherent Al3(Sc,Zr) nano-particles (20-40 nm). For new Al-Mg-Mn-Sc-Zr alloy, the positive effect from secondary Al3(Sc, Zr) particles in the base metal can be better preserved in FSW joint than in TIG welded joint.

  10. Optical properties of Ni2+ and radiation defects in MgF sub 2 and MnF sub 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feuerhelm, L. N.

    1980-03-01

    The radiation defects in pure MgF2 were made by observating the polarized absorption, luminescence, and excitation spectra in electron-irradiated MgF2. Additionally, studies of the absorption, emission, excitation, and temperature dependence of the lifetimes of transitions in nickel-doped MgF2 and MnF2 were accomplished, as well as the observation of radiation effects on these crystals. The absorption band at about 320 nm in irradiated MgF2 is identified to be due to the F2(D2b) center, and to have an emission at about 450 nm. Analysis of the temperature dependence of this band indicates a dominant phonon mode of 255 cm(-1) for the excited state. The F2(C1) center is identified with an absorption of about 360 nm and an emission of 410 nm. An absorption peak at 300 nm, for which no corresponding emission was found, is tentatively identified to be the F3-center, and to have a dominant phonon mode of 255 cm(-1). The temperature dependence of the lifetimes of transitions in nickel-doped MgF2 is analyzed by the quantum mechanical single configuration coordinate model of Struck and Fonger, and a complete configuration coordinate model is made for this crystal. Similar studies are made in MnF2:Ni.

  11. Validation of FNAA method for testing the elements of Mn, Cr and Mg on the Gajahwong river sediment sample

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wisjachudin Faisal; Elin Nuraini

    2010-01-01

    Validation of elements of Mn, Cr and Mg by using FNAA method has been performed. NBS SRM 8704 (Bufallo River Sediment), was used as the standard reference material, with the neutrons generator operating condition at the optimum voltage of 110 kV. Energy and channel number of calibration lines obtained with the standard equation as y = 1.034 x + 151.21. From the analysis of SRM, the results show that only Mg can be analyzed, because Cr and Mn are located at the same peak point (interferences), so that they can not be analyzed. From the analysis for Mg element (SRM), the precision and the accuration obtained are 95.53 % and 94.88%, while the average price of expanded uncertainty for the various locations is 0.233 ± 0.012. Mg content analysis result at various locations along the river Gajahwong ranging from 85.41 – 103.55 ppm. When compared with previous studies showing the elements content of Fe, Al and Si is much higher than Mg content. (author)

  12. Deformation behavior of commercial Mg-Al-Zn-Mn type alloys under a hydrostatic extrusion process at elevated temperatures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoon, Duk Jae; Lee, Sang Mok; Lim, Seong Joo; Kim, Eung Zu

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the deformation behavior of commercial Mg-Al-Zn-Mn type alloys during hydrostatic extrusion process at elevated temperatures. In the current study commercial Mg-Al-Zn-Mn type alloys with different Al contents were subjected to hydrostatic extrusion process at a range of temperatures and at ram speeds of 4.5, 10 and 17 mm/sec. Under the hydrostatic condition at 518K, the alloy with Al contents of 2.9 wt% was successfully extruded at all applied speeds. The alloys with Al content of 5.89 and 7.86 wt% were successful up to 10mm/sec, and finally extrusion of alloy with Al content 8.46wt% was successful only at 4.5 mm/sec. These results show that the deformation limit in the Mg alloys in terms of extrusion speed greatly extended to higher value in the proximity of lower Al content. It is presumed that deformation becomes harder as Al content increases because of strengthening mechanism by solute drag to increase of supersaturated Mg 17 Al 12 precipitates. Also, microstructures of cast and extruded Mg alloys were compared. Defect-wide microstructure of cast alloy completely evolved into dense and homogeneous microstructure with equiaxed grains

  13. Luminescence property and emission enhancement of YbAlO3:Mn4+ red phosphor by Mg2+ or Li+ ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Renping; Luo, Wenjie; Xu, Haidong; Luo, Zhiyang; Hu, Qianglin; Fu, Ting; Peng, Dedong

    2016-03-01

    YbAlO3:Mn4+, YbAlO3:Mn4+, Li+, and YbAlO3:Mn4+, Mg2+ phosphors are synthesized by high temperature solid-state reaction method in air. Their crystal structures and luminescence properties are investigated. Photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectrum monitored at 677 nm contains broad PLE band with three PLE peaks located at ∼318, 395, and 470 nm within the range 220-600 nm. Emission spectra with excitation 318 and 470 nm exhibit three emission band peaks located at ∼645, 677, and 700 nm in the range of 610-800 nm and their corresponding chromaticity coordinates are about (x = 0.6942, y = 0.3057). The possible luminous mechanism of Mn4+ ion is analyzed by the simple energy level diagram of Mn4+ ion. The optimum Mn4+-doped concentration in YbAlO3:Mn4+ phosphor is about 0.4 mol% and the luminescence lifetime of YbAlO3:0.4%Mn4+ phosphor is ∼0.59 ms. Emission intensity of YbAlO3:0.4%Mn4+ phosphor can be enhanced ∼6 times after Mg2+ ion is co-doped and it is ∼2 times when Li+ ion is co-doped. The content in the paper is useful to research new Mn4+-doped luminescence materials and improve luminescence property of other Mn4+-doped phosphors.

  14. The Faceted Discrete Growth and Phase Differentiation During the Directional Solidification of 20SiMnMo5 Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xiaoping; Li, Dianzhong

    2018-03-01

    The microstructures, segregation and cooling curve were investigated in the directional solidification of 20SiMnMo5 steel. The typical characteristic of faceted growth is identified. The microstructures within the single cellular and within the single dendritic arm, together with the contradictive segregation distribution against the cooling curve, verify the discrete crystal growth in multi-scales. Not only the single cellular/dendritic arm but also the single martensite zone within the single cellular/dendritic arm is produced by the discrete growth. In the viewpoint of segregation, the basic domain following continuous growth has not been revealed. Along with the multi-scale faceted discrete growth, the phase differentiation happens for both the solid and liquid. The differentiated liquid phases appear and evolve with different sizes, positions, compositions and durations. The physical mechanism for the faceted discrete growth is qualitatively established based on the nucleation of new faceted steps induced by the composition gradient and temperature gradient.

  15. Nickel and Copper-Free Sintered Structural Steels Containing Mn, Cr, Si, and Mo Developed for High Performance Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cias A.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to study the sinterability of potential high-strength nickel-free sintered structural steels containing Mn, Cr, Si and Mo compacts were prepared based on sponge and water atomised iron powders and on Astaloy prealloyed powders. To these were admixed ferromanganese, ferroslicon, and graphite. The samples were sintered at temperatures 1120 and 1250°C in laboratory tube furnaces in hydrogen, hydrogen-nitrogen atmospheres with dew points better than -60°C or in nitrogen in a semiclosed container in a local microatmosphere. After sintering the samples were slowly cooled or sinterhardened. Generally resultant microstructures were inhomogeneous, consisted of pearlite/ bainite/martensite, but were characterised by an absence of oxide networks. Sintering studies performed over a range of compositions have shown that superior strength, ranging beyond 900 MPa, along with reasonable tensile elongation, can be achieved with these new steels.

  16. The Faceted Discrete Growth and Phase Differentiation During the Directional Solidification of 20SiMnMo5 Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xiaoping; Li, Dianzhong

    2018-07-01

    The microstructures, segregation and cooling curve were investigated in the directional solidification of 20SiMnMo5 steel. The typical characteristic of faceted growth is identified. The microstructures within the single cellular and within the single dendritic arm, together with the contradictive segregation distribution against the cooling curve, verify the discrete crystal growth in multi-scales. Not only the single cellular/dendritic arm but also the single martensite zone within the single cellular/dendritic arm is produced by the discrete growth. In the viewpoint of segregation, the basic domain following continuous growth has not been revealed. Along with the multi-scale faceted discrete growth, the phase differentiation happens for both the solid and liquid. The differentiated liquid phases appear and evolve with different sizes, positions, compositions and durations. The physical mechanism for the faceted discrete growth is qualitatively established based on the nucleation of new faceted steps induced by the composition gradient and temperature gradient.

  17. Construction of Hierarchical CNT/rGO-Supported MnMoO4 Nanosheets on Ni Foam for High-Performance Aqueous Hybrid Supercapacitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mu, Xuemei; Du, Jingwei; Zhang, Yaxiong; Liang, Zhilin; Wang, Huan; Huang, Baoyu; Zhou, Jinyuan; Pan, Xiaojun; Zhang, Zhenxing; Xie, Erqing

    2017-10-18

    Rationally designed conductive hierarchical nanostructures are highly desirable for supporting pseudocapacitive materials to achieve high-performance electrodes for supercapacitors. Herein, manganese molybdate nanosheets were hydrothermally grown with graphene oxide (GO) on three-dimensional nickel foam-supported carbon nanotube structures. Under the optimal graphene oxide concentration, the obtained carbon nanotubes/reduced graphene oxide/MnMoO 4 composites (CNT/rGO/MnMoO 4 ) as binder-free supercapacitor cathodes perform with a high specific capacitance of 2374.9 F g -1 at the scan rate of 2 mV s -1 and good long-term stability (97.1% of the initial specific capacitance can be maintained after 3000 charge/discharge cycles). The asymmetric device with CNT/rGO/MnMoO 4 as the cathode electrode and the carbon nanotubes/activated carbon on nickel foam (CNT-AC) as the anode electrode can deliver an energy density of 59.4 Wh kg -1 at the power density of 1367.9 W kg -1 . These superior performances can be attributed to the synergistic effects from each component of the composite electrodes: highly pseudocapacitive MnMoO 4 nanosheets and three-dimensional conductive Ni foam/CNTs/rGO networks. These results suggest that the fabricated asymmetric supercapacitor can be a promising candidate for energy storage devices.

  18. A fractographic study of cracks produced by thermal shocks in 20MnMoNi55 and comparable weld material in water environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toerroenen, K.; Rintamaa, R.; Kemppainen, M.

    1983-04-01

    This report gives the results of a fractographic study of cracks produced by thermal shocks in 20MnMoNi55 and comparable weld material in water environment. The basic crack growth mechanism is shown to be by mechanical fatigue, but after some crack growth indications of environmentally assisted cyclic crack growth is seen. (author)

  19. Effect of Mg addition on LaMnO3 ceramic system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Iván Supelano

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present work we report the synthesis of La1−xMgxMnO3 (with x = 0.10, 0.25, and 0.50 polycrystalline samples based on LaMnO3 (LMO antiferromagnetic with low Neel temperature and insulating behavior. Structure was analyzed by Rietveld fitting of XRD patterns at room temperature by FullProf software, these show that La1−xMgxMnO3 (x = 0.10, 0.25, 0.50 samples crystallize in the space group R-3c. Magnetic and electrical measurements exhibits ferromagnetic and semiconductor like behavior. A decreases of TC is observed when x doping value increases.

  20. A comparative study of metabolism and concentration factors of Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Co and Mg in Carcinus maenas and Cancer irroratus ovaries during ovogenesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martin, J.-L.M.

    1975-01-01

    Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Co, and Mg were analysed in the ovary of Carcinus maenas and Cancer irroratus during ovogenesis. In both ovaries, the relatives rates, expressed as parts per millions as a ratio of wet and dry weight, are the following: Mg>Zn>Fe>Cu>Mn>Co, while in the hemolymph of Cancer irroratus these relative rates are the following: Mg>Cu>Zn>Fe>Mn>Co. Compared to concentrations of these metals in sea water, Mg expected, all metals in the ovary of Cancer irroratus have a concentration factor upper than 1. Compared to the concentration of metals in the hemolymph is, for Fe, Mn, and Co, the concentration factor upper than 1, and for Cu, Zn and Mg, the concentration factor lower than 1. A study of correlations was done between the concentrations of metals considered in pairs, and between the concentrations of metals and the parameters: water content and gonad index [fr

  1. LaMn1-xFe xO3 and LaMn0.1-xFe0.90Mo x O3 perovskites: synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity in H2O2 reactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Magalhães

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In this work two perovskites were prepared: LaMn1-xFe xO3, and LaMn0.1-x Fe0.90Mo xO3. XRD and Mössbauer spectroscopy suggest the formation of pure phase perovskite with the incorporation of Fe and Mo in the structure. The catalytic activity of these materials was studied in two reactions with H2O2: the decomposition to O2, and the oxidation of the model organic contaminant methylene blue. The perovskite composition strongly affects the catalytic activity, while Fe decreases the H2O2 decomposition Mo strongly improves dye oxidation.

  2. Enhanced magnetoresistance and Griffiths phase induced by Mo substitution in La0.7Ca0.15Sr0.15Mn1-xMoxO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.05)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Narsinga Rao, G; Chen, J W; Neeleshwar, S; Chen, Y Y; Wu, M K

    2009-01-01

    Structural, magnetic and electrical properties of the La 0.7 Ca 0.15 Sr 0.15 Mn 1-x Mo x O 3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.05) compounds have been investigated. Powder x-ray analysis reveals that the sample with x = 0 crystallizes in the rhombohedral (R 3-bar c) structure, whereas in the Mo doped samples the structure can be indexed by an orthorhombic (Pbnm) structure. The important observations of the magnetic and transport properties are: (i) the Mo substitution induces a distinct suppression of the metal-insulator (T MI ) and ferromagnetic (FM)-paramagnetic transition (T C ) and the temperature of T MI was found to be higher than T C in the Mo-doped samples, (ii) the substitution of Mo enhances the magnetoresistance at room temperature, (iii) a large deviation from the Curie-Weiss law well above T C in the Mo substituted samples indicates the existence of a Griffiths phase and (iv) long-range FM order persists in all samples with a linear decrease of saturation moment as x increases. These results are discussed in terms of the Mn-site disorder and opening of strong FM coupling between Mn 2+ -O-Mn 3+ , due to the Mn 2+ ions induced by Mo 6+ at the expense of Mn 4+ ions in the La 0.7 Ca 0.15 Sr 0.15 Mn 1-x Mo x O 3 system.

  3. The Effects of Post-Sintering Treatments on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Mn-Mo Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiał, Ch.

    2017-12-01

    The effect of heat treatment on density, hardness, microstructure and tensile properties of Fe-0.85Mo-1.3Mn-0.6C sintered steel were investigated. Pre-alloyed Astaloy 85Mo, ferromanganese and UF4 graphite powders were mixed for 60 minutes in a Turbula mixer and then pressed in single-action die at 660MPa to produce green compacts (according to PN EN ISO 2740).The compacts were sintered in a specially designed semi-closed container at 1120 or 1250°C for 60 minutes in N2. The chemical composition of the sintering atmosphere was modified by adding getter and/or activator into the container. Two different types of heat treatment in nitrogen were carried out: sinteraustempering at 525°C for 60 minutes; and sinterhardening with additional tempering at 200°C for 60 minutes. The slightly better combination of strength and plasticity of steel for both sintering temperatures were achieved after sinterhardening+tempering variant. Average values of 0.2% offset yield stress, ultimate tensile strength and elongation after sintering in 1250°C, were 415MPa, 700MPa, and 2.0%, respectively.

  4. Strongly coupled rotational band in Mg>33mn>

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richard, A. L.; Crawford, H. L.; Fallon, P.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Bader, V. M.; Bazin, D.; Bowry, M.; Campbell, C. M.; Carpenter, M. P.; Clark, R. M.; Cromaz, M.; Gade, A.; Ideguchi, E.; Iwasaki, H.; Jones, M. D.; Langer, C.; Lee, I. Y.; Loelius, C.; Lunderberg, E.; Morse, C.; Rissanen, J.; Salathe, M.; Smalley, D.; Stroberg, S. R.; Weisshaar, D.; Whitmore, K.; Wiens, A.; Williams, S. J.; Wimmer, K.; Yamamato, T.

    2017-07-01

    The “Island of Inversion” at N~20 for the neon, sodium, and magnesium isotopes has long been an area of interest both experimentally and theoretically due to the subtle competition between 0p-0h and np-nh configurations leading to deformed shapes. However, the presence of rotational band structures, which are fingerprints of deformed shapes, have only recently been observed in this region. In this work, we report on a measurement of the low-lying level structure of 33Mg populated by a two-stage projectile fragmentation reaction and studied with GRETINA. The experimental level energies, ground state magnetic moment, intrinsic quadrupole moment, and γ-ray intensities show good agreement with the strong-coupling limit of a rotational model.

  5. Strongly coupled rotational band in Mg>33mn>

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richard, A. L. [Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Inst. for Nuclear and Particle Physics; Crawford, H. L. [Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Inst. for Nuclear and Particle Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Fallon, P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Macchiavelli, A. O. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Bader, V. M. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Bazin, D. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab.; Bowry, M. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Campbell, C. M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Carpenter, M. P. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Div.; Clark, R. M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Cromaz, M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Gade, A. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Ideguchi, E. [Osaka Univ. (Japan). RCNP; Iwasaki, H. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Jones, M. D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Langer, C. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Lee, I. Y. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Loelius, C. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Lunderberg, E. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Morse, C. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Rissanen, J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Salathe, M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Smalley, D. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Stroberg, S. R. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Weisshaar, D. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Whitmore, K. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Wiens, A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.; Williams, S. J. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab; Wimmer, K. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Physics; Yamamato, T. [Osaka Univ. (Japan). RCNP

    2017-07-01

    The “island of inversion” at N≈20 for the neon, sodium, and magnesium isotopes has long been an area of interest both experimentally and theoretically due to the subtle competition between 0p-0h and np-nh configurations leading to deformed shapes. However, the presence of rotational band structures, which are fingerprints of deformed shapes, have only recently been observed in this region. In this work, we report on a measurement of the low-lying level structure of Mg33 populated by a two-stage projectile fragmentation reaction and studied with the Gamma Ray Energy Tracking In-Beam Nuclear Array (GRETINA). The experimental level energies, ground-state magnetic moment, intrinsic quadrupole moment, and γ-ray intensities show good agreement with the strong-coupling limit of a rotational model.

  6. Magnetic properties of Mg12O12 nanocage doped with transition metal atoms (Mn, Fe, Co and Ni): DFT study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javan, Masoud Bezi

    2015-07-01

    Binding energy of the Mg12O12 nanocage doped with transition metals (TM=Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) in endohedrally, exohedrally and substitutionally forms were studied using density functional theory with the generalized gradient approximation exchange-correlation functional along 6 different paths inside and outside of the Mg12O12 nanocage. The most stable structures were determined with full geometry optimization near the minimum of the binding energy curves of all the examined paths inside and outside of the Mg12O12 nanocage. The results reveal that for all stable structures, the Ni atom has a larger binding energy than the other TM atoms. It is also found that for all complexes additional peaks contributed by TM-3d, 4s and 4p states appear in the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) gap of the host MgO cluster. The mid-gap states are mainly due to the hybridization between TM-3d, 4s and 4p orbitals and the cage π orbitals. The magnetic moment of the endohedrally doped TM atoms in the Mg12O12 are preserved to some extent due to the interaction between the TM and Mg12O12 nanocage, in contrast to the completely quenched magnetic moment of the Fe and Ni atoms in the Mg11(TM)O12 complexes. Furthermore, charge population analysis shows that charge transfer occurs from TM atom to the cage for endohedrally and substitutionally doping.

  7. A novel Meloidogyne graminicola effector, MgMO237, interacts with multiple host defence-related proteins to manipulate plant basal immunity and promote parasitism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jiansong; Hu, Lili; Sun, Longhua; Lin, Borong; Huang, Kun; Zhuo, Kan; Liao, Jinling

    2018-02-27

    Plant-parasitic nematodes can secrete effector proteins into the host tissue to facilitate their parasitism. In this study, we report a novel effector protein, MgMO237, from Meloidogyne graminicola, which is exclusively expressed within the dorsal oesophageal gland cell and markedly up-regulated in parasitic third-/fourth-stage juveniles of M. graminicola. Transient expression of MgMO237 in protoplasts from rice roots showed that MgMO237 was localized in the cytoplasm and nucleus of the host cells. Rice plants overexpressing MgMO237 showed an increased susceptibility to M. graminicola. In contrast, rice plants expressing RNA interference vectors targeting MgMO237 showed an increased resistance to M. graminicola. In addition, yeast two-hybrid and co-immunoprecipitation assays showed that MgMO237 interacted specifically with three rice endogenous proteins, i.e. 1,3-β-glucan synthase component (OsGSC), cysteine-rich repeat secretory protein 55 (OsCRRSP55) and pathogenesis-related BetvI family protein (OsBetvI), which are all related to host defences. Moreover, MgMO237 can suppress host defence responses, including the expression of host defence-related genes, cell wall callose deposition and the burst of reactive oxygen species. These results demonstrate that the effector MgMO237 probably promotes the parasitism of M. graminicola by interacting with multiple host defence-related proteins and suppressing plant basal immunity in the later parasitic stages of nematodes. © 2018 BSPP AND JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD.

  8. Optical absorption spectra and g factor of MgO: Mn2+explored by ab initio and semi empirical methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreici Eftimie, E.-L.; Avram, C. N.; Brik, M. G.; Avram, N. M.

    2018-02-01

    In this paper we present a methodology for calculations of the optical absorption spectra, ligand field parameters and g factor for the Mn2+ (3d5) ions doped in MgO host crystal. The proposed technique combines two methods: the ab initio multireference (MR) and the semi empirical ligand field (LF) in the framework of the exchange charge model (ECM) respectively. Both methods of calculations are applied to the [MnO6]10-cluster embedded in an extended point charge field of host matrix ligands based on Gellé-Lepetit procedure. The first step of such investigations was the full optimization of the cubic structure of perfect MgO crystal, followed by the structural optimization of the doped of MgO:Mn2+ system, using periodic density functional theory (DFT). The ab initio MR wave functions approaches, such as complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF), N-electron valence second order perturbation theory (NEVPT2) and spectroscopy oriented configuration interaction (SORCI), are used for the calculations. The scalar relativistic effects have also been taken into account through the second order Douglas-Kroll-Hess (DKH2) procedure. Ab initio ligand field theory (AILFT) allows to extract all LF parameters and spin-orbit coupling constant from such calculations. In addition, the ECM of ligand field theory (LFT) has been used for modelling theoptical absorption spectra. The perturbation theory (PT) was employed for the g factor calculation in the semi empirical LFT. The results of each of the aforementioned types of calculations are discussed and the comparisons between the results obtained and the experimental results show a reasonable agreement, which justifies this new methodology based on the simultaneous use of both methods. This study establishes fundamental principles for the further modelling of larger embedded cluster models of doped metal oxides.

  9. Novel Mg-Doped SrMoO3 Perovskites Designed as Anode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Cascos

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available SrMo1−xMxO3−δ (M = Fe and Cr, x = 0.1 and 0.2 oxides have been recently described as excellent anode materials for solid oxide fuel cells at intermediate temperatures (IT-SOFC with LSGM as the electrolyte. In this work, we have improved their properties by doping with aliovalent Mg ions at the B-site of the parent SrMoO3 perovskite. SrMo1−xMgxO3−δ (x = 0.1, 0.2 oxides have been prepared, characterized and tested as anode materials in single solid-oxide fuel cells, yielding output powers near 900 mW/cm−2 at 850 °C using pure H2 as fuel. We have studied its crystal structure with an “in situ” neutron power diffraction (NPD experiment at temperatures as high as 800 °C, emulating the working conditions of an SOFC. Adequately high oxygen deficiencies, observed by NPD, together with elevated disk-shaped anisotropic displacement factors suggest a high ionic conductivity at the working temperatures. Furthermore, thermal expansion measurements, chemical compatibility with the LSGM electrolyte, electronic conductivity and reversibility upon cycling in oxidizing-reducing atmospheres have been carried out to find out the correlation between the excellent performance as an anode and the structural features.

  10. Perfil do geoturista do Parque Estadual da Serra do Rola-Moça (MG)

    OpenAIRE

    Fonseca Filho, Ricardo Eustáquio; Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, MG; Ribeiro, Gabriela Sousa; Circuito Turístico Montanhas e Fé, MG

    2016-01-01

    O Parque Estadual da Serra do Rola-Moça (PESRM) é uma unidade de conservação de Proteção Integral em Minas Gerais, com características geológicas e geomorfológicas que o caracterizam como um geossítio do Geoparque do Quadrilátero Ferrífero, com alto potencial para o geoturismo. A pesquisa teve por objetivo conhecer o perfil do visitante do PESRM, na tentativa de identificar se há entre os visitantes potenciais geoturistas. A metodologia incluiu revisão bibliográfica e digital, e trabalho de c...

  11. Improving the Elevated-Temperature Properties by Two-Step Heat Treatments in Al-Mn-Mg 3004 Alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, K.; Ma, H.; Chen, X. Grant

    2018-05-01

    In the present work, two-step heat treatments with preheating at different temperatures (175 °C, 250 °C, and 330 °C) as the first step followed by the peak precipitation treatment (375 °C/48 h) as the second step were performed in Al-Mn-Mg 3004 alloys to study their effects on the formation of dispersoids and the evolution of the elevated-temperature strength and creep resistance. During the two-step heat treatments, the microhardness is gradually increased with increasing time to a plateau after 24 hours when first treated at 250 °C and 330 °C, while there is a minor decrease with time when first treated at 175 °C. Results show that both the yield strength (YS) and creep resistance at 300 °C reach the peak values after the two-step treatment of 250 °C/24 h + 375 °C/48 h. The formation of dispersoids is greatly related to the type and size of pre-existing Mg2Si precipitated during the preheating treatments. It was found that coarse rodlike β ' -Mg2Si strongly promotes the nucleation of dispersoids, while fine needle like β ″-Mg2Si has less influence. Under optimized two-step heat treatment and modified alloying elements, the YS at 300 °C can reach as high as 97 MPa with the minimum creep rate of 2.2 × 10-9 s-1 at 300 °C in Al-Mn-Mg 3004 alloys, enabling them as one of the most promising candidates in lightweight aluminum alloys for elevated-temperature applications.

  12. Effect of Si, Mn, Sn on Tensile and Corrosion Properties of Mg-4Zn-0.5Ca Alloys for Biodegradable Implant Materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Dae Hyun; Nam, Ji Hoon; Lee, Byeong Woo; Park, Ji Yong; Shin, Hyun Jung; Park, Ik Min [Pusan National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    Effect of elements Si, Mn, Sn on tensile and corrosion properties of Mg-4Zn-0.5Ca alloys were investigated. The results of tensile properties show that the yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and elongation of Mg-4Zn-0.5Ca alloy increased significantly with the addition of 0.6 wt% Mn. This is considered the grain refinement effect due to addition of Mn. However addition of 0.6 wt% Si decreased yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and elongation. The bio-corrosion behavior of Mg-4Zn-0.5Ca-X alloys were investigated using immersion tests and potentiodynamic polarization test in Hank's solution. Immersion test showed that corrosion rate of Mg-4Zn-0.5Ca-0.6Mn alloy was the lowest rate and addition of 1.0 wt% Sn accelerated corrosion rate due to micro-galvanic effect in α-Mg/CaMgSn phases interface. And corrosion potential (E{sub c}orr) of Mg-4Zn-0.5Ca-0.6Mn alloy was the most noble among Mg-4Zn-0.5Ca-X alloys.

  13. Magnetic Fe{sub 2}MO{sub 4} (M:Fe, Mn) activated carbons: Fabrication, characterization and heterogeneous Fenton oxidation of methyl orange

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nguyen, Thi Dung [Institute of Chemical Technology, Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology, 01 Mac Dinh Chi, District 1, Ho Chi Minh (Viet Nam); Phan, Ngoc Hoa [Department of Chemical Technology, Hochiminh University of Technology, 268 Ly Thuong Kiet, District 10, Ho Chi Minh (Viet Nam); Do, Manh Huy, E-mail: huydoma@vast-hcm.ac.vn [Institute of Chemical Technology, Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology, 01 Mac Dinh Chi, District 1, Ho Chi Minh (Viet Nam); Ngo, Kim Tham [Institute of Chemical Technology, Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology, 01 Mac Dinh Chi, District 1, Ho Chi Minh (Viet Nam); College of science, Can Tho University, 3/2, Can Tho (Viet Nam)

    2011-01-30

    We present a simple and efficient method for the fabrication of magnetic Fe{sub 2}MO{sub 4} (M:Fe and Mn) activated carbons (Fe{sub 2}MO{sub 4}/AC-H, M:Fe and Mn) by impregnating the activated carbon with simultaneous magnetic precursor and carbon modifying agent followed by calcination. The obtained samples were characterized by nitrogen adsorption isotherms, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and the catalytic activity in heterogeneous Fenton oxidation of methyl orange (MO) was evaluated. The resulting Fe{sub 2}MnO{sub 4}/AC-H showed higher catalytic activity in the methyl orange oxidation than Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/AC-H. The effect of operational parameters (pH, catalyst loading H{sub 2}O{sub 2} dosage and initial MO concentration) on degradation performance of the oxidation process was investigated. Stability and reusability of selected catalyst were also tested.

  14. Preparation and characterization of Bi26-2xMn2xMo10O69-d and Bi26.4Mn0.6Mo10-2yMe2yO69-d (Me = V, Fe Solid Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. A. Mikhaylovskaya

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Single phase samples of bismuth molybdate, Bi26Mo10O69, doped with Mn on the bismuth sublattice and V, Fe on the molybdenum sublattice were found to crystallize in the triclinic Bi26Mo10O69 structure at low doping levels and in the monoclinic Bi26Mo10O69 structure - at higher dopant concentration. The assumption that all Mn ions have an oxidation state of +2 was confirmed by means of magnetic measurement results analysis using Curie-Weiss law. Conductivity was investigated using impedance spectroscopy. The conductivity of Bi26.4Mn0.6Mo9.6Fe0.4O69-d was 1.2*10-2 S*cm-1 at 973 K and 2.2*10-4 S*cm-1 at 623 K, and the conductivity of Bi26.4Mn0.6Mo9.2V0.8O69-d was 2.2*10-3 S*cm-1 at 973 K and 2.2*10-5 S*cm-1 at 623 K.

  15. Manganese-calcium intermixing facilitates heteroepitaxial growth at the <mn>10mn><mn>1mn>¯>4mn> calcite-water interface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Man; Riechers, Shawn L.; Ilton, Eugene S.; Du, Yingge; Kovarik, Libor; Varga, Tamas; Arey, Bruce W.; Qafoku, Odeta; Kerisit, Sebastien

    2017-10-01

    In situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements were performed to probe surface precipitates that formed on the (10-14) surface of calcite (CaCO3) single crystals following reaction with Mn2+-bearing aqueous solutions with a range of initial concentrations. Three-dimensional epitaxial islands were observed to precipitate and grow on the surfaces and in situ time-sequenced measurements demonstrated that their growth rates were commensurate with those obtained for epitaxial islands formed on calcite crystals reacted with Cd2+-bearing aqueous solutions of the same range in supersaturation with respect to the pure metal carbonate phase. This finding was unexpected as rhodochrosite (MnCO3) and calcite display a 10% lattice mismatch, based on the area of their (10-14) surface unit cells, whereas the lattice mismatch is only 4% for otavite (CdCO3) and calcite. Coatings of varying thicknesses were therefore synthesized by reacting calcite single crystals with calcite-equilibrated aqueous solutions with concentrations of up to 250 µM MnCl2 and analyzed to determine the composition of the surface precipitates. Ex situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray reflectivity (XRR), and AFM measurements of the reacted crystals demonstrated the formation of an epitaxial (Mn,Ca)CO3 solid solution with a spatially complex composition atop the calcite surface, whereby the first few nanometers were rich in Ca and the Mn content increased with distance from the original calcite surface, culminating in a topmost region of almost pure MnCO3 for the thickest coatings. These findings explain the measured growth rates (the effective lattice mismatch was much smaller than nominal mismatch) and highlight the strong influence played by the substrate on the composition of surface precipitates in aqueous conditions.

  16. Recent Developments in Synthesis of xLi2MnO3 · (1 − x)LiMO2 (M = Ni, Co, Mn) Cathode Powders for High-Energy Lithium Rechargeable Batteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doan, The Nam Long; Yoo, Kimoon; Hoang, Tuan K. A.; Chen, P.

    2014-01-01

    Lithium-rich layered powders, Li 2 MnO 3 -stabilized LiMO 2 (M = Ni, Co, Mn), are attractive cathode candidates for the next generations of high-energy lithium-ion batteries. However, most of the state-of-the-art preparation procedures are complicated and require multiple energy-intensive reaction steps. Thus, elucidating a low-cost synthetic protocol is important for the application of these materials in future lithium-ion batteries. Recent developments in the synthesis procedures of lithium-rich layered powders are discussed and future directions are pointed out in this review.

  17. Effect of Si and Mn additions on ferrite and austenite phase fractions in 25Cr-7Ni-1.5Mo-3W base super duplex stainless steels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jeong, S.W.; Lee, Z.-H.; Lee, H.M.

    2000-01-01

    The effect of heat treatment and Si and Mn additions on the ferrite and austenite phase fractions of the super duplex stainless steel (SDSS), Fe-25Cr-7Ni-1.5Mo-3W-Si-Mn-0.25N (numbers are all in wt.% unless specified otherwise), was investigated. The thermodynamic calculations of phase equilibria and phase fractions were performed using the Thermo-Calc program. Based on the calculated results, specific compositions of Si and Mn were selected and alloys with these compositions were analysed by Feritscope, X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy. The calculated phase fractions and experimentally analysed ones were compared and there was a good agreement between calculations and measurements. The optimum heat treatment condition for Fe-25Cr-7Ni-1.5Mo-3W-0.5Si-0.5Mn-0.25N is to hold at 1050 to 1100 C for 2 h in considering the ferrite to austenite ratio of 50:50 and to avoid second phase precipitation such as the σ phase. It was suggested that an excessive addition of more than 0.8Si and 1.0Mn may induce the σ phase precipitation. (orig.)

  18. Chemical reactions during sintering of Fe-Cr-Mn-Si-Ni-Mo-C-steels with special reference to processing in semi-closed containers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cias A.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sintering of Cr, Mn and Si bearing steels has recently attracted both experimental and theoretical attention and processing in semiclosed containers has been reproposed. This paper brings together relevant thermodynamic data and considers the kinetics of some relevant chemical reactions. These involve iron and carbon, water vapour, carbon monoxide and dioxide, hydrogen and nitrogen of the sintering atmospheres and the alloying elements Cr, Mn, Mo and Si. The paper concludes by presenting mechanical properties data for three steels sintered in local microatmosphere with nitrogen, hydrogen, nitrogen-5% hydrogen and air as the furnace gas.

  19. Discharge capacity and microstructures of La Mg Pr Al Mn Co Ni alloys for nickel-metal hydride batteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casini, J.C.S.; Galdino, G.S.; Ferreira, E.A.; Takiishi, H.; Faria, R.N., E-mail: jcasini@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (DM/IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Metalurgia

    2010-07-01

    La{sub 0.7-x}Mg{sub x}Pr{sub 0.3}Al{sub 0.3}Mn{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 3.8} (x = 0.0, 0.3 and 0.7) alloys have been investigated aiming the production of negative electrodes for nickel-metal hydride batteries. The alloys employed in this work were used in the as cast state. The results showed that the substitution of magnesium by lanthanum increased the discharge capacity of the Ni-MH batteries. A battery produced with the La{sub 0.4}Mg{sub 0.3}Pr{sub 0.3}Al{sub 0.3}Mn{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 3.8} alloy shown a high discharge capacity (380mAh/g) also good stability compared to other alloys. The electrode materials were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). (author)

  20. Hyperfine interactions studies in perovskite oxides of the type LaMO3 (M = Fe, Cr, Mn and Co)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Junqueira, Astrogildo de Carvalho

    2004-01-01

    ABO 3 -type perovskite oxides have ideal cubic structure and usually show distortions to the orthorhombic or rombohedric symmetry. The A and B siteshave 12-fold and 6-fold oxygen coordination, respectively. Distortions of thecubic structure give rise to new electric, structural and magnetic propertieswhich have great technological and scientific interests. Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction measurements were obtained using 111 In -> 111 Cd , 181 Hf -> 181 Ta e 140 La -> 140 Ceradioactive nuclei substituting for the A or B sites via Perturbed Angulargamma-gamma Correlation technique (1-4) . LaMO 3 (M = Fe, Cr, Mn and Co)samples were prepared through the chemical route known as Sol-Gel techniqueand analyzed with x-ray diffraction. Both 111 In and 181 Hf nuclei wereintroduced in to the sample during the chemical procedure and the 140 Lawas obtained by irradiating with neutrons in the IPEN reactor the natural Lapresent in the samples. One of the aims of this work was the analysis of theElectric Field Gradient (EFG) in the A and B sites as function oftemperature, crystal structure or the electronic characteristic of thetransition metal in the B site. The temperature range of the measurements wasabout from 4 K to 1400 K. The experimental EFG showed to be dependent of thesite occupation and the nuclear probe used in the measurements. Spintransition phenomena were also observed in LaCoO 3 samples, which confirmed amodel used to interpret the spin properties in such compound.Crystallographic phase transition effects on the hyperfine parameters inperovskites where M = Fe, Cr and K4n were also analyzed. An additional aim ofthis work was to carry out measurements in the antiferromagnetic region ofthe systems with M = Fe, Cr and Mn using the three radioactive nuclei. Theresults for the magnetic interaction measurements showed a strong influenceof the substitutional sites in the supertransferred magnetic hyperfine fieldfor all the three probe nuclei

  1. Effects of microstructure transformation on mechanical properties, corrosion behaviors of Mg-Zn-Mn-Ca alloys in simulated body fluid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yuan; Li, Jianxing; Li, Jingyuan

    2018-04-01

    Magnesium and its alloys have unique advantages to act as resorbable bone fixation materials, due to their moderate mechanical properties and biocompatibility, which are similar to those of human tissue. However, early resorption and insufficient mechanical strength are the main problems that hinder their application. Herein, the effects of microstructure transformation on the mechanical properties and corrosion performance of Mg-Zn-Mn-Ca were investigated with electrochemical and immersion measurements at 37 °C in a simulated body fluid (SBF). The results showed that the number density of Ca 2 Mg 6 Zn 3 /Mg 2 Ca precipitates was remarkably reduced and grain sizes were gradually increased as the temperature increased. The alloy that received the 420 °C/24 h treatment demonstrated the best mechanical properties and lowest corrosion rate (5.94 mm/a) as well as presented a compact and denser film than the others. The improvement in mechanical properties could be explained by the eutectic compounds and phases (Mg 2 Ca/Ca 2 Mg 6 Zn 3 ) gradually dissolving into a matrix, which caused severely lattice distortion and facilitated structural re-arrangement of the increased Ca solute. Moreover, the difference in potential between the precipitates and the matrix is the main essence for micro-galvanic corrosion formation as well as accelerated the dissolution activity and current exchange density at the Mg/electrolyte interface. As a result, the best Mg alloys corrosion resistance must be matched with a moderate grain size and phase volume fractions. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Mg{sub x}Mn{sub (1-x)}(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} (x = 0-0.8), a cation solid solution in a bimetallic borohydride

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerny, Radovan, E-mail: radovan.cerny@unige.ch [Laboratory of Crystallography, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Penin, Nicolas [Laboratory of Crystallography, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva (Switzerland); CNRS, Universite de Bordeaux 1, ICMCB, 87 Avenue du Docteur Albert Schweitzer, F-33608 Pessac Cedex (France); D' Anna, Vincenza; Hagemann, Hans [Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Durand, Etienne [CNRS, Universite de Bordeaux 1, ICMCB, 87 Avenue du Docteur Albert Schweitzer, F-33608 Pessac Cedex (France); Ruzicka, Jakub [Charles University, Faculty of Science, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Hlavova 2030, 128 40, Prague 2 (Czech Republic)

    2011-08-15

    Highlights: {yields} The magnesium and manganese borohydrides form a solid solution Mg{sub x}Mn{sub (1-x)}(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} (x = 0-0.8) which conserves the trigonal structure of Mn{sub (}(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}. {yields} Coexistence of both trigonal and hexagonal borohydrides occurs within nominal composition ranging from x{sub Mg} = 0.8-0.9. {yields} The decomposition temperature of trigonal Mg{sub x}Mn{sub (1-x)}(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} (x = 0-0.8) does not vary significantly with magnesium content (433-453 K). {yields} The desorbed gas contains mostly hydrogen and 3-7.5 mol.% of diborane B{sub 2}H{sub 6}. - Abstract: A solid solution of magnesium and manganese borohydrides was studied by in situ synchrotron radiation X-ray powder diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. A combination of thermogravimetry, mass and infrared spectroscopy, and atomic emission spectroscopy were applied to clarify the thermal gas desorption of pure Mn(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} and a solid solution of composition Mg{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 0.5}(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}. Mg{sub x}Mn{sub (1-x)}(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} (x = 0-0.8) conserves the trigonal structure of Mn(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} at room temperature. Manganese is dissolved in the hexagonal structure of {alpha}-Mg(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, with the upper solubility limit not exceeding 10 mol.% at room temperature. There exists a two-phase region of trigonal and hexagonal borohydrides within the compositional range x = 0.8-0.9 at room temperature. Infrared spectra show splitting of various vibrational modes, indicating the presence of two cations in the trigonal Mg{sub x}Mn{sub (1-x)}(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} solid solutions, as well as the appearance of a second phase, hexagonal {alpha}-Mg(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, at higher magnesium contents. All vibrational frequencies are shifted to higher values with increasing magnesium content. The decomposition temperature of the trigonal Mg{sub x}Mn{sub (1-x)}(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} (x = 0-0.8) does not vary significantly as a function of the magnesium

  3. Variations of force constants, M-O distances and bond order in solid solutions between Ba/sub 2/MgUO/sub 6/ and Ba/sub 2/MgWO/sub 6/

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kemmler-Sack, S; Fadini, A [Tuebingen Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Chemie

    1977-12-01

    In solid solutions between the 1:1 ordered perovskites Ba/sub 2/MgUO/sub 6/ and Ba/sub 2/MgWO/sub 6/ (system Ba/sub 2/MgUsub(1-x)Wsub(x)O/sub 6/) the force constants of the UO/sub 6/ and WO/sub 6/ octahedras are variied. The valence force constants fsub(MO) tend to adjust for each x. The bond order and the M-O distances are reported as well.

  4. Elemental moment variation of bcc Fe{sub x}Mn{sub 1−x} on MgO(001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhatkar, H.; Snow, R.J. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States); Arenholz, E. [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Idzerda, Y.U., E-mail: idzerda@montana.edu [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States)

    2017-02-01

    We report the growth, structural characterization, and electronic structure evolution of epitaxially grown bcc Fe{sub x}Mn{sub 1−x} on MgO(001). It is observed that the 20 nm thick Fe{sub x}Mn{sub 1−x} alloy films remained bcc from 0.65≤x≤1, much beyond the bulk stability range of 0.88≤x≤1. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism show that both the Fe and Mn L{sub 3} binding energies slightly increase with Mn incorporation and that the elemental moment of Fe in the 20 nm crystalline bcc alloy film remain nearly constant, then shows a dramatic collapse near x~0.84. The Mn MCD intensity is found to be small at all compositions that exhibit ferromagnetism - Highlights: • Bcc Fe{sub x}Mn{sub 1−x} films were stabilized beyond bulk range by epitaxial growth on MgO. • XMCD shows negligible moment in Mn regardless of composition. • Fe moment stays constant until 84% Mn concentration. • Magnetic moment suddenly collapses before any structural change seen in RHEED.

  5. Simultaneous stabilization/solidification of Mn2+ and NH4+-N from electrolytic manganese residue using MgO and different phosphate resource.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shu, Jiancheng; Wu, Haiping; Liu, Renlong; Liu, Zuohua; Li, Bing; Chen, Mengjun; Tao, Changyuan

    2018-02-01

    This study examined simultaneous stabilization and solidification (S/S) of Mn 2+ and NH 4 + -N from electrolytic manganese residue (EMR) using MgO and different phosphate resource. The characteristics of EMR NH 4 + -N and Mn 2+ S/S behavior, S/S mechanisms, leaching test and economic analysis, were investigated. The results show that the S/S efficiency of Mn 2+ and NH 4 + -N could reach 91.58% and 99.98%, respectively, and the pH value is 8.75 when the molar ratio of Mg:P is 3:1 and the dose of PM (MgO and Na 3 PO 4 ·12H 2 O) is 8wt%. In this process, Mn 2+ could mainly be stabilized in the forms of Mn(H 2 PO 4 ) 2 ·2H 2 O, Mn 3 (PO 4 ) 2 ·3H 2 O, Mn(OH) 2 , and MnOOH, and NH 4 + -N in the form of NH 4 MgPO 4 ·6H 2 O. Economic evaluation indicates that using PM process has a lower cost than HPM and HOM process for the S/S of Mn 2+ and NH 4 + -N from EMR at the same stabilization agent dose. Leaching test values of all the measured metals are within the permitted level for the GB8978-1996 test suggested when the dose of PM, HPM and HOM is 8wt%. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. The effect of disorder on electronic and magnetic properties of quaternary Heusler alloy CoFeMnSi with LiMgPbSb-type structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feng, Yu; Chen, Hong; Yuan, Hongkuan; Zhou, Ying; Chen, Xiaorui

    2015-01-01

    Thin films based on Heusler alloy often lost their theoretical predicted ultra-high spin polarization owing to the appearance of disorder. Using the first-principles calculations within density functional theory (DFT), we investigate the effect of disorder including antisite and swap on electronic and magnetic properties of quaternary Heusler alloy CoFeMnSi with LiMgPbSb-type structure. Twelve kinds of antisites and six kinds of swap disorders are proposed and studied comprehensively. In our calculations, Co(Fe)-, Mn(Fe)-, Si(Mn)-antisite and Co–Fe swap disorders are most favorable due to their lowest formation energies. Moreover, the positive binding energies of Co–Fe, Co–Si, Fe–Si and Mn–Si swap disorders with respect to their corresponding antisite disorders indicate that these complex swap disorders are more stable compared with their corresponding isolated antisite disorders. The investigations on density of states (DOS) show that the spin down energy gap of disordered structures suffers contraction and their DOS entirely move towards lower zone. Besides, the 100% spin polarization is maintained in all structures with antisite and swap disorders except for those with Co(Mn)-, Co(Si)-antisite and Co–Mn, Co–Si swap disorders. Therefore, the half-metallicity of quaternary Heusler alloy CoFeMnSi is quite robust against interfering effects such as Si(Mn), Co(Fe) and Co–Fe disorders most possibly formed in the growth. - Highlights: • CoFeMnSi with LiMgPbSb-type structure is found to be a half-metallic ferromagnet. • Si(Mn), Co(Fe), Mn(Fe) antisites and Co–Fe swap disorders are most likely to form. • The half-metallicity of CoFeMnSi is robust against the most possible disorders. • The magnetic moments of the most possible disorders follow the Pauli-Slater rule

  7. Precipitation behavior of the lower bainitic carbide in a medium-carbon steel containing Si, Mn and Mo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, J.; Luo, C.P.

    2006-01-01

    The fine microstructure, crystallographic features and ε-carbides precipitation behavior of lower bainite produced by isothermal transformation in a medium-carbon steel containing Si, Mn and Mo were investigated using transmission electronic microscopy. It was found that the microstructure produced by isothermal reaction at 320 deg. C was composed of a large amount of plate-like lower bainite with retained austenite embedded between the plates, and ε-carbides precipitated within them. Midrib and subunits were readily visible in the lower bainite plate. The bainite plate kept a G-T orientation relationship (OR) with the austenite. Selected area electron diffraction patterns of 'three phases in four variants' and analysis indicated that two variants of ε-carbides precipitated in a single bainitic ferrite plate. The two (or three) variants of ε-carbides can simultaneously keep a Jack OR with its 'bainite matrix', while keeping no fixed OR with the austenite. The crystallographic features of ε-carbides precipitated within the bainite were the same as those observed in tempered martensite. The results indicated that the bainitic transformation bore an analogy to the martensitic one in carbide precipitation

  8. Mo, Mn and La doped TiO{sub 2}: Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity for the decolourization of three different chromophoric dyes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Umar, K.; Haque, M.M. [Department of Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002 (India); Muneer, M., E-mail: readermuneer@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002 (India); Harada, T.; Matsumura, M. [Research Center for Solar Energy Chemistry, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka 560-8531 (Japan)

    2013-11-25

    Highlights: •Detail study on synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of doped-TiO{sub 2}. •SEM images indicates partial crystalline nature with rough surfaces. •The XRD analysis shows the partial crystalline nature and anatase phase. •The UV–Vis absorption spectra showed λ{sub max} shift towards longer wavelength. •TiO{sub 2} with dopant 0.75% (Mo), 1.0% (Mn, La) showed best photocatalytic efficiency. -- Abstract: Nanocrystalline TiO{sub 2} particles doped with different concentrations of Molybdenum (Mo), Manganese (Mn) and Lanthanum (La) (0.25–1.0%) were synthesized using sol–gel method and characterized by standard analytical techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV–Vis spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The XRD analysis shows the partial crystalline nature and anatase phase. The SEM images of undoped and doped TiO{sub 2} at different magnifications also show the partial crystalline nature with rough surfaces. The photocatalytic activity of the synthesized particles (TiO{sub 2} doped with Mo, Mn and La) was tested by studying the decolourization of three different chromophoric dyes such as Acid Red 88 (azo dye), Gentian Violet (triphenylmethane dye) and Remazol Brilliant Blue R (anthraquinone dye) as a function of time on irradiation in aqueous suspension in an immersion well photochemical reactor with a 500 W halogen linear lamp in the presence of atmospheric oxygen. The results indicate that TiO{sub 2} with dopant concentration of 0.75% (Mo) and 1.0% (Mn, La) showed the highest photocatalytic activity as compared to the other dopant concentrations for the decolourization of all the dyes.

  9. Study on the absorption of Fe, Mn, Mo and Zn by two cultivars of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan, Millsp) submitted to two doses of fertilizers using INAA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Piasentin, R.M.; Armelin, M.J.A.; Saiki, M.

    2000-01-01

    Leaf samples of two varieties of Cajanus cajan Millsp were analysed by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The samples were taken from plants grown under two fertilizer dose conditions, making use of the following microminerals: Fe, Mn, Mo and Zn, which were applied individually to the soil. The samples were collected in two cutting times. We verify the variation in the absorption of each element, considering its availability in the soil. (author)

  10. Effect of Al and Mg Contents on Wettability and Reactivity of Molten Zn-Al-Mg Alloys on Steel Sheets Covered with MnO and SiO2 Layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huh, Joo-Youl; Hwang, Min-Je; Shim, Seung-Woo; Kim, Tae-Chul; Kim, Jong-Sang

    2018-05-01

    The reactive wetting behaviors of molten Zn-Al-Mg alloys on MnO- and amorphous (a-) SiO2-covered steel sheets were investigated by the sessile drop method, as a function of the Al and Mg contents in the alloys. The sessile drop tests were carried out at 460 °C and the variation in the contact angles (θc) of alloys containing 0.2-2.5 wt% Al and 0-3.0 wt% Mg was monitored for 20 s. For all the alloys, the MnO-covered steel substrate exhibited reactive wetting whereas the a-SiO2-covered steel exhibited nonreactive, nonwetting (θc > 90°) behavior. The MnO layer was rapidly removed by Al and Mg contained in the alloys. The wetting of the MnO-covered steel sheet significantly improved upon increasing the Mg content but decreased upon increasing the Al content, indicating that the surface tension of the alloy droplet is the main factor controlling its wettability. Although the reactions of Al and Mg in molten alloys with the a-SiO2 layer were found to be sluggish, the wettability of Zn-Al-Mg alloys on the a-SiO2 layer improved upon increasing the Al and Mg contents. These results suggest that the wetting of advanced high-strength steel sheets, the surface oxide layer of which consists of a mixture of MnO and SiO2, with Zn-Al-Mg alloys could be most effectively improved by increasing the Mg content of the alloys.

  11. Rational synthesis of graphene-encapsulated uniform MnMoO4 hollow spheres as long-life and high-rate anodes for lithium-ion batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Huaixin; Yang, Jun; Zhang, Yufei; Qian, Yong; Geng, Hongbo

    2018-03-29

    In this manuscript, the graphene-encapsulated MnMoO 4 hollow spheres (MnMoO 4 @G) synthesized by an effective strategy were reported. Benefiting from the intriguing hybrid architecture of hollow structure and conductive graphene network, the MnMoO 4 @G composite displays superior electrochemical performance with high specific capacity of 1142 mA h g -1 , high reversible cycling stability of 921 mA h g -1 at a current density of 100 mA g -1 after 70 cycles, and stable rate performance (around 513 mA h g -1 at a current density of 4.0 A g -1 ). The remarkable battery performance can be attributed to the rational design of the architecture, which not only ensures the fast transport of electrons and lithium ions within the electrode material, but also effectively relax the stress induced by the insertion/extraction of lithium ions. This facile synthetic method can extend to other transition metal oxides with large volume excursions and poor electric conductivity and promotes the development of transition metal oxides as high-performance LIB anode material. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Effect of temperature for synthesizing single-walled carbon nanotubes by catalytic chemical vapor deposition over Mo-Co-MgO catalyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niu Zhiqiang; Fang Yan

    2008-01-01

    The influence of temperature on synthesizing single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) by catalytic chemical vapor deposition of methane over Mo-Co-MgO catalyst was studied by Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) and Raman scattering. The Mo-Co-MgO bimetallic catalyst was prepared by decomposing the mixture of magnesium nitrate, ammonium molybdate, citric acid, and cobalt nitrate. The results show that Mo-Co-MgO bimetallic catalyst is effective to synthesize SWCNTs. By using Mo-Co-MgO bimetallic catalyst, generation of SWCNTs even at 940 K was demonstrated. The optimum temperature of synthesizing SWCNTs over Mo-Co-MgO bimetallic catalyst may be about 1123 K. At 1123 K, the diameters of SWCNTs are in the range of 0.75-1.65 nm. The content of SWCNTs is increased with the increase of temperature below 1123 K and the carbon yield rate is also increased with the increase of synthesis temperature. Therefore, the amount of SWCNTs increases with the increase of temperature below 1123 K. However, above 1123 K, the content of SWCNTs is decreased with the increase of temperature; therefore, it is not effective to increase the amount of SWCNTs through increasing synthesis temperature above 1123 K

  13. Microstructural Characterization of a Mg Matrix U-Mo Dispersion Fuel Plate Irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor to High Fission Density: SEM Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keiser, Dennis D.; Jue, Jan-Fong; Miller, Brandon D.; Gan, Jian; Robinson, Adam B.; Medvedev, Pavel G.; Madden, James W.; Moore, Glenn A.

    2016-06-01

    Low-enriched (U-235 RERTR-8 experiment at high temperature, high fission rate, and high power, up to high fission density. This paper describes the results of the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of an irradiated fuel plate using polished samples and those produced with a focused ion beam. A follow-up paper will discuss the results of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. Using SEM, it was observed that even at very aggressive irradiation conditions, negligible chemical interaction occurred between the irradiated U-7Mo fuel particles and Mg matrix; no interconnection of fission gas bubbles from fuel particle to fuel particle was observed; the interconnected fission gas bubbles that were observed in the irradiated U-7Mo particles resulted in some transport of solid fission products to the U-7Mo/Mg interface; the presence of microstructural pathways in some U-9.1 Mo particles that could allow for transport of fission gases did not result in the apparent presence of large porosity at the U-7Mo/Mg interface; and, the Mg-Al interaction layers that were present at the Mg matrix/Al 6061 cladding interface exhibited good radiation stability, i.e. no large pores.

  14. Synthesis and electrochemical study of Mg{sub 1.5}MnO{sub 3}: A defect spinel cathode for rechargeable magnesium battery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saha, Partha [Department of Bioengineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States); US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV 26507 (United States); Jampani, Prashanth H., E-mail: pjampani@pitt.edu [Department of Bioengineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States); Hong, DaeHo [Department of Bioengineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States); Gattu, Bharat [Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States); Poston, James A.; Manivannan, Ayyakkannu [US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV 26507 (United States); Datta, Moni Kanchan [Department of Bioengineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States); US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV 26507 (United States); Kumta, Prashant N., E-mail: pkumta@pitt.edu [Department of Bioengineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States); US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV 26507 (United States); Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States); Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States); School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States); Center for Complex Engineered Multifunctional Materials, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 (United States)

    2015-12-15

    Graphical abstract: Mg{sub 1.5}MnO{sub 3}, a defect oxide spinel derived by the Pechini route, was tested as cathode for rechargeable magnesium battery. TEM and XRD analyses of Mg{sub 1.5}MnO{sub 3} shows the formation of ∼100 nm sized nano particles in the cubic defect spinel structure (space group: Fd3m; unit cell: 0.833294 nm). Cyclic voltammetry illustrates a reversible reaction occurring between 0.3 and 1.5 V versus magnesium. Galvanostatic cycling of the Mg{sub 1.5}MnO{sub 3} cathode exhibits a low capacity of ∼12.4 mAh/g up to 20 cycle with ∼99.9% Coulombic efficiency when cycled at a current rate of ∼C/27. XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) surface probe of magnesiated/de-magnesiated electrodes confirm a change in the redox center of Mn-ions during intercalation/de-intercalation of Mg-ion from the Mg{sub 1.5}MnO{sub 3} electrode. The low capacity of Mg{sub 1.5}MnO{sub 3} electrode mainly stem from the kinetic limitation of Mg-ion removal from the defect oxide spinel as the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results of electrodes after 1st and 2nd cycle show that charge transfer resistance, R{sub e}, increases post charge state whereas interfacial resistance, R{sub i}, increases after discharge state, respectively. - Highlights: • Pechini process yields 100 nm sized particles of the defect cubic spinel Mg{sub 1.5}MnO{sub 3}. • Stable capacity of ∼12.4 mAh/g obtained at C/27 rate and 99.9% Coulombic efficiency. • XPS shows change in valence state of Mn{sup 3+}/Mn{sup 4+} center with cycling. • Low capacity stems from increase in charge-transfer and interfacial resistances with cycling. - Abstract: Mg{sub 1.5}MnO{sub 3}, a defect oxide spinel (space group: Fd3m; unit cell: 0.833294 nm) of particle size ∼100 nm derived by the Pechini route was tested as a cathode for rechargeable magnesium battery. Cyclic voltammetry illustrates a reversible reaction occurring in the 0.3–2.0 V potential window versus magnesium. The spinel however

  15. Structural study of CaMn_1_−_xMo_xO_3 (0.08 ≤ x ≤ 0.12) system by neutron powder diffraction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Supelano, G.I.; Parra Vargas, C.A.; Barón-González, A.J.; Sarmiento Santos, A.; Frontera, C.

    2016-01-01

    Neutron powder diffraction experiments and magnetic measurements in polycrystalline CaMn_1_−_xMo_xO_3 (x = 0.08, 0.10, 0.12) point towards a possible charge and orbital order in this system. The analysis of structural and magnetic data show that the samples present structural phase transformation from Pnma to P2_1/m space group and the system has a C-type antiferromagnetic configuration at low temperature. A detailed analysis of the bond distances signals a small Jahn-Teller distortion of only one (x = 0.08) or of the two Mn ions (x = 0.10, 0.12). We identify the partially occupied e_g orbitals and this explains the C-type magnetic structure. - Highlights: • CaMn_1_−_xMo_xO_3 (x = 0.08, 0.10, 0.12) is investigated by neutron powder diffraction. • Analysis of individual Mn-O distances demonstrates the apparition of orbital order. • By symmetry analysis, we find that the low temperature magnetic structure is C-type. • Magnetic interactions foreseen by the orbital order explain the magnetic structure.

  16. The Influence of Cu Addition on Dispersoid Formation and Mechanical Properties of Al-Mn-Mg 3004 Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen Li

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The effect of Cu addition on dispersoid precipitation, mechanical properties and creep resistance was investigated in an Al-Mn-Mg 3004 alloy. The addition of Cu promoted dispersoid precipitation by increasing the number density and decreasing the size of dispersoids. Metastable β′-Mg2Si and Q-AlCuMgSi precipitates were observed during the heating process and both could provide favorable nucleation sites for dispersoid precipitation. The addition of Cu improved the thermal stability of dispersoids during a long-term thermal holding at 350 °C for 500 h. Results of mechanical testing show that the addition of Cu remarkably improved the hardness at room temperature, as well as the yield strength and creep resistance at 300 °C, which was mainly attributed to dispersoid strengthening and Cu solid solution strengthening. The yield strength contribution at 300 °C was quantitatively evaluated based on the dispersoid, solid solution and matrix contributions. It was confirmed that dispersoid strengthening is the main strengthening mechanism in the experimental alloys.

  17. Acoustoelastic evaluation of the 20 MnMoNi 55 structural material of the pressure vessels of Angra 2 and 3 nuclear reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dutra, Marco Aurelio Monteiro

    2009-01-01

    The pressure vessels of the Angra II and Angra III nuclear power plants, which are of large thickness, have as one of their structural components the 20 MnMo Ni 55 steel. The acoustoelastic evaluation carried out through non-destructive ultrasonic tests was based on the variation of the speed of ultrasonic shear waves of normal incidence as a function of the stress applied in the material using the acoustic birefringence technique, which considers the fractional difference of the speeds of two ultrasonic waves propagating in orthogonal directions. In this work two experiments were carried out. In the first one, a new method for acquisition of ultrasonic signals for joint application with this technique of stress analysis was evaluated by comparison with the conventional one. The aim was to determine its potential and limitations for application in materials up to 120 mm of thickness. In the second experiment, the acoustoelastic behavior of the 20 MnMo Ni 55 steel was studied. The new method of acquiring ultrasonic signals led to satisfactory results and was used in the study of the acoustoelastic behavior of the 20 MnMoNi 55 steel. The acoustoelastic analysis indicated that the material has an anisotropic and heterogeneous behavior. The acoustoelastic constant of this material, obtained experimentally from the analysis of the graphs of the material behavior (birefringence x stress) under compression tests performed on specimens of the 20 MnMo Ni 55 steel, was used for the quantitative stress analysis. A specimen of the 20 MnMo Ni 55 steel was subjected to a bending test to carry out a qualitative stress analysis through the difference between the values of the birefringence obtained during loading (B) and before loading (Bo) in every point studied. With the obtained results it was possible to identify qualitative and quantitatively the regions of the specimen under compressive and tensile stresses. The execution of these tests allowed to verify the efficiency of

  18. Influence of silver addition on the microstructure and mechanical properties of squeeze cast Mg-6Al-1Sn-0.3Mn-0.3Ti

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acikgoez, Sehzat; Sevik, Hueseyin; Kurnaz, S.Can

    2011-01-01

    Graphical abstract: Highlights: → X-ray diffractometry reveals that the main phases are α-Mg, α-Ti, β-Mg 17 Al 12 and Al 8 Mn 5 in the base alloy. → With addition of silver, Al 81 Mn 19 phase was found. → The mechanical properties of the base alloy are improved with addition of silver. → The fracture surface of base alloy shows relatively deeper and more amount of dimples than that of alloys containing silver. - Abstract: In this study, the effect of silver (0, 0.2, 0.5, and 1 wt.%) on the microstructure and mechanical properties of a magnesium-based alloy (Mg-Al 6 wt.%-Sn 1 wt.%-Mn 0.3 wt.%-Ti 0.3 wt.%) were investigated. The alloys were produced under a controlled atmosphere by a squeeze-casting process. X-ray diffractometry revealed that the main phases are α-Mg, α-Ti, β-Mg 17 Al 12 and Al 8 Mn 5 in the all of alloys. In addition to, Al 81 Mn 19 phase was found with Ag additive. Besides, the amount of β-Mg 17 Al 12 phase was decreased with increasing the amount of Ag. The strength of the base alloy was increased by solid solution mechanism and decreasing the amount of β-Mg 17 Al 12 phase with addition of Ag. Furthermore, existence of Al 81 Mn 19 phase can be acted an important role in the increase on the mechanical properties of the alloys.

  19. Determination of Cl, K, Mg, Mn, Na and V in Brazilian red wine by neutron activation analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daniele, Anna Paula; Maihara, Vera Akiko, E-mail: annapaula@usp.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    Several studies have been carried out for determining essential elements in foodstuffs due to important nutritional role in human body functions. Such information is crucial to any intervention in the diet of a population, thus becoming representative in the public health field. Trace elements are good indicators of wine’s origin and their concentrations can be used as criteria to ensure authenticity, quality and show that the tolerance limits established by law were respected throughout the production process. Although Brazilian wine industry is among the 15 largest in the world, analytical studies on the content of organic and inorganic compounds in wine are still small compared to other major producers. This study aimed to evaluate the elemental concentration of Cl, K, Mg, Mn, Na and V in seven national red wine samples acquired in the markets of Sao Paulo city. The analytical method applied was INAA. Concentrations of the elements in wine samples showed high variation among samples. (author)

  20. Mechanical properties of the Mg-14Ti-1Al-0.9Mn (%Wt) synthesized by physical vapour

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garces, G.; Cristina, M. C.; Torralba, M.; Adeva, P.

    2001-01-01

    The mechanical properties of the alloy Mg-14% Ti-1% Al-0.9 Mn obtained by PVD techniques have been evaluated up to 300 degree centigree. The alloy presents a columnar grain microstructure, typical of the zone 2 of the structure zone model of MD, where surface diffusion takes place. The alloy tested in compression at room temperature presented a high yield stress, 360 MPa. This resistance to the plastic deformation is principally due to a solid solution hardening and small grain size. The yield stress decrease with the compression temperature. However, the alloy showed low fracture resistance, especially at room temperature. The presence of pores at the grain boundaries, results in the crack formation, running fast along the grain boundary. (Author) 13 refs

  1. Radiative recombination of free and bound excitons in CdMnTe/CdMgTe quantum wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gubarev, S.I. [Rossijskaya Akademiya Nauk, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation). Inst. Fiziki Tverdogo Tela; Kulakovskii, V.D. [Rossijskaya Akademiya Nauk, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation). Inst. Fiziki Tverdogo Tela; Tyazhlov, M.G. [Rossijskaya Akademiya Nauk, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation). Inst. Fiziki Tverdogo Tela; Yakovlev, D.R. [Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.; Waag, A. [Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.; Landwehr, G. [Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.

    1995-06-01

    The exchange induced dissociation of bound excitons (BE) has been studied in CdMnTe/CdMgTe quantum wells (QWs). It was found that value of the dissociation critical field does not depend on the field direction with respect to QW axis. This indicates that BE states in investigated structure are connected with excitons bound to neutral donors (D{sub 0}X states). The dependence of the critical field on the QW width has nonmonotonic character: the dissociation occurs at first in 60 A, then in 45 A, and at the end in 100 A QW. Such a behavior can be explained by transformation of bound exciton complex from quasi-3D to quasi-2D state with following increase of Coulomb correlations in confined exciton system. (orig.).

  2. The effect of welding process and shielding atmosphere on the AlMg4.5Mn weld metal properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prokic Cvetkovic, Radica; Popovic, Olivera [Belgrade Univ. (Serbia). Faculty of Mechanical Engineering; Burzic, Meri; Jovicic, Radomir [Belgrade Univ. (Serbia). Innovation Center; Kastelec Macura, Sandra [Technikum Taurunum, Zemun (Serbia); Buyukyildirim, Galip [IWE, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2013-01-15

    In this paper, the AlMg4.5Mn alloy has been welded using tungsten inert gas (TIG) and metal inert gas (MIG) processes with different gas shielding atmospheres. Tensile strength, hardness, impact and fracture toughness, fatigue crack growth parameters ({Delta}K{sub th}, da/dN), as well as microstructure were determined. By comparing results for different gas mixtures, the main conclusion for TIG welding was that increased helium content has an important effect on toughness and fatigue crack growth parameters, whereas its effect on other mechanical properties is not significant. On the other hand, in the case of MIG welding, adding helium does not affect mechanical properties, except the fatigue crack growth rate. It was also established that adding nitrogen (TIG welding) and oxygen (MIG welding) reduces toughness and increases crack growth rate, so their use in shielding mixtures is not recommended. (orig.)

  3. Determination of Cl, K, Mg, Mn, Na and V in Brazilian red wine by neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Daniele, Anna Paula; Maihara, Vera Akiko

    2015-01-01

    Several studies have been carried out for determining essential elements in foodstuffs due to important nutritional role in human body functions. Such information is crucial to any intervention in the diet of a population, thus becoming representative in the public health field. Trace elements are good indicators of wine’s origin and their concentrations can be used as criteria to ensure authenticity, quality and show that the tolerance limits established by law were respected throughout the production process. Although Brazilian wine industry is among the 15 largest in the world, analytical studies on the content of organic and inorganic compounds in wine are still small compared to other major producers. This study aimed to evaluate the elemental concentration of Cl, K, Mg, Mn, Na and V in seven national red wine samples acquired in the markets of Sao Paulo city. The analytical method applied was INAA. Concentrations of the elements in wine samples showed high variation among samples. (author)

  4. Numerical analysis of residual stress of Al-Mg-Mn-Sc-Zr alloy subjected to surface strengthening by shot peening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariusz Stegliński

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we presented the results of the analysis of the stresses in the Al-Mg5%-Mn1,5%-Sc0,8%-Zr0,4% alloy after shot peening process using solver ANSYSANSYSANSYS LS-Dyna. The computational model illustrates the phenomena occurring as a result of plastic deformation caused by hitting a steel ball on the surface of the analyzed aluminium alloy. We analyzed two input variables: diameter and speed of a ball. The resulting normal stress distribution centred exposes the minimum compressive stress at a position located at a depth point of Belayev 0.125 mm with a value of σ = –345 MPa. Variable parameter shows the correlation of the boundary conditions of minimum stress increase with increasing ball’s diameter and its speed. Selected points of numerical analysis were verified with experimental results.[b]Keywords[/b]: materials science, numerical analysis, metal forming, shot peening, aluminium

  5. Microstructural and mechanical property characterization of Er modified Al-Mg-Mn alloy Tungsten Inert Gas welds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Dongxia; Li, Xiaoyan; He, Dingyong; Nie, Zuoren; Huang, Hui

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: → The microstructural characterization of TIG welded Al-Mg-Mn-Zr-Er alloy is studied. → A typical equaixed zone (EQZ) with finer grains is observed in the weld metal at the fusion boundary. → The dissolution of non-primary Al 3 Er particles in Al matrix is one reason of the weakness of TIG welded joint. →The relationship between mechanical properties and microstructure of welded joints is evaluated. →Reasons for joint softening are given from work-hardening, precipitation strengthening and solution strengthening. -- Abstract: Samples of Al-Mg-Mn-Zr-Er alloys have been welded using the method of TIG welding. Microstructures characterization was performed by optical microscopy (OM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. In addition, tensile and hardness test was conducted. The relationship between mechanical properties and microstructure of welded joints is evaluated. Results indicate that the ultimate tensile strength of the joints is 72% of that of the base metal. The base metal consists of a typical rolled structure, and the fusion zone (FZ) is mainly made up of dendrite grains. A characteristic equiaxed zone (EQZ) is obtained at the fusion boundary between the base metal and fusion zone. Fine dispersion of coherent Al 3 Er precipitates was found in the base metal, however, the quantity of these particles dropped significantly in the fusion zone. The hardness test results indicate that the microhardness in the fusion zone is lower than that of the base metal, due to the as-cast structure in this region. Based on the present work, it is concluded that TIG welding is the suitable welding procedure for joining this new type Er-containing aluminum alloy.

  6. Non radiative decay of Mn2+ emission in LnMB5O10:Bi,Mn (M = Mg,Cd,Zn)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jagannathan, R.; Rao, R.P.; Kutty, T.R.N.

    1990-01-01

    The family of lanthanide magnesium pentaborates with Tb(3+) and Eu(3+) as activators are efficient phosphor materials, Mn(2+) emission in these hosts in a subject of intensive investigation owing to its inexpensiveness. The energy transfer process from various sensitizers such as Bi(3+), Ce(3+), and Sb(3+) to Mn(2+) in these hosts have been studied in detail. The non radiative decay of Mn 2+ emission in these hosts is detailed in this paper

  7. Grain refining effect of magnetic field on Mg2Ni0.8Mn0.2 hydrogen storage alloys during rapid quenching

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang, Chenxi; Wang, Haiyan; Chen, Xiangrong; Tang, Yougen; Lu, Zhouguang; Wang, Yazhi; Liu, Zuming

    2013-01-01

    The effect of static magnetic field treatment for synthesis of Mg 2 Ni 0.8 Mn 0.2 alloys during rapid quenching was investigated in this paper. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) results show that the transversal static magnetic field can effectively refine the grain size, producing nanocrystalline inside. This distinct phenomenon is probably attributed to the Lorentz force suppressing the crystallization of the hydrogen storage alloys and the thermoelectric effect. Mainly due to the grain refinement, the discharge capacity of Mg 2 Ni 0.8 Mn 0.2 alloy is raised from 79 to about 200 mA h g −1 . It is confirmed that Mg 2 Ni 0.8 Mn 0.2 alloy by magnetic field assisted approach possesses enhanced electrochemical kinetics and relatively high corrosion resistance against the alkaline solution, thus resulting in higher electrochemical properties

  8. Simplified sample treatment for the determination of total concentrations and chemical fractionation forms of Ca, Fe, Mg and Mn in soluble coffees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohl, Pawel; Stelmach, Ewelina; Szymczycha-Madeja, Anna

    2014-11-15

    A simpler, and faster than wet digestion, sample treatment was proposed prior to determination of total concentrations for selected macro- (Ca, Mg) and microelements (Fe, Mn) in soluble coffees by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Samples were dissolved in water and acidified with HNO3. Precision was in the range 1-4% and accuracy was better than 2.5%. The method was used in analysis of 18 soluble coffees available on the Polish market. Chemical fractionation patterns for Ca, Fe, Mg and Mn in soluble coffees, as consumed, using a two-column solid-phase extraction method, determined Ca, Mg and Mn were present predominantly as cations (80-93% of total content). This suggests these elements are likely to be highly bioaccessible. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Epitaxial (100)-oriented Mo/V superlattice grown on MgO(100) by dcMS and HiPIMS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shayestehaminzadeh, S.; Magnusson, R.L.; Gislason, H.P.; Olafsson, S.

    2013-01-01

    Epitaxial (100)-oriented Mo/V superlattices have been grown by High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering (HiPIMS) and dc Magnetron Sputtering (dcMS) on single-crystalline MgO(100) substrates at growth temperatures ranging from 30 °C to 600 °C. Superlattice bilayer period of Mo/V around 12/12 monolayers and 15 repeat periods was studied. This study aims to investigate the effect of the HiPIMS process on reducing the growth temperature of Mo/V superlattices using the high energy ionized Mo, V species in the HiPIMS plasma. In one case, the Mo layer was only grown with the HiPIMS process and V layer grown using the dcMS process while in another both layers were grown with the HiPIMS process. The as-deposited films were characterized by X-ray reflection and diffraction techniques. The dcMS process was found to give superior superlattice growth at high growth temperatures while a mixed Mo HiPIMS and V dcMS process gives better result at lower growth temperatures (300 °C). Room temperature growth reveals that neither the mixed Mo HiPIMS and V dcMS process nor the pure HiPIMS for both materials can produce better result compared to the pure dcMS process, which gives a relatively better result. - Highlights: • Epitaxial (100)-oriented Mo/V superlattices have been grown by HiPIMS and dcMS on MgO(100) for various temperatures. • The study was aimed to investigate the effect of ionized HiPIMS process onlowering the growth temperature. • The dcMS process was found to give superior superlattice growth at high growth temperature. • The mixed Mo HiPIMS and V dcMS process gives best result at lower growth temperatures

  10. The effect of MgO doping on the structure, magnetic and magnetotransport properties of La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 composite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aezami, A.; Eshraghi, M.; Kameli, P.; Salamati, H.

    2007-01-01

    Full text: The recent observation of anomalously Colossal Magnetoresistance (CMR) in the La 1-x A x MnO 3 (A = Sr, Ca, Ba or vacancies) system, has spurred renewed interest in studying these doped perovskite manganites. The properties of these materials are explained by double exchange theory of Zener and electron lattice interaction. However, the intrinsic CMR effect in the perovskite manganites is found on a magnetic field scale of several teslas and a narrow temperature range. It was found that, the presence of grain boundaries in polycrystalline samples leads to a large Low Field Magnetoresistance (LFMR) effect over a wide temperature range below the Curie temperature Tc. To achieve LFMR, different properties are considered. One of them is mixing of these CMR materials with secondary insulator phases. In this work, La 0.8 Sr 0.2 MnO 3 (LSMO) was selected as matrix material and MgO as a dopant. The La 0.8 Sr 0.2 MnO 3/x MgO samples with x= 0, 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7.5 Wt.% were prepared by Solid State Reaction method. Studies show that most part of the MgO goes into the perovskite lattice and Mg substituted Mn in LSMO and remainder segregates as a separate phase at the grain boundaries. Results also show that the value of MR decreases for all the doping levels. It seems that, due to the almost same ionic radii of Mg2+ and Mn2+, and at the higher sintering temperature, Mg2+ mostly replaced Mn3+ and weakens double exchange interaction. This speculation has been confirmed by XRD, SEM, susceptibility, resistivity and magnetoresistance analysis and measurements. (authors)

  11. Contraction Twinning Dominated Tensile Deformation and Subsequent Fracture in Extruded Mg-1Mn (Wt Pct) at Ambient Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakkedath, A.; Maiti, T.; Bohlen, J.; Yi, S.; Letzig, D.; Eisenlohr, P.; Boehlert, C. J.

    2018-03-01

    Due to their excellent strength-to-weight ratio, Mg alloys are attractive for applications where weight savings are critical. However, the limited cold formability of wrought Mg alloys severely restricts their widespread usage. In order to study the role that deformation twinning might play in limiting the elongation-to-failure ({ɛ} f ), in-situ tensile tests along the extrusion axis of Mg-1Mn (wt pct) were performed at 323 K, 423 K, and 523 K. The alloy exhibited a strong basal texture such that most of the grains experienced compression along their -axis during deformation. At 323 K, fracture occurred at about 10 pct strain. Although basal, prismatic, and pyramidal slip activity was observed along with extension twinning, contraction twinning significantly influenced the deformation, and such twins evolved into {10{\\bar{1}} 1}-{10{\\bar{1}} 2} double twins. Crystal plasticity simulation showed localized shear deformation within the contraction twins and double twins due to the enhanced activity of basal slip in the reoriented twin volume. Due to this, the twin-matrix interface was identified to be a potential crack initiation site. Thus, contraction twins were considered to have led to the failure of the material at a relatively low strain, suggesting that this deformation mode is detrimental to the cold formability of Mg and its alloys. With increasing temperature, there was a significant decrease in the activity of contraction twinning as well as extension twinning, along with a decrease in the tensile strength and an increase in the {ɛ} f value. A combination of basal, prismatic, and pyramidal slips accounted for a large percentage of the observed deformation activity at 423 K and 523 K. The lack of contraction twinning was explained by the expected decrease in the critical resolved shear stress values for pyramidal slip, and the improved {ɛ} f values at elevated temperatures were attributed to the vanishing activity of contraction twinning.

  12. Contraction Twinning Dominated Tensile Deformation and Subsequent Fracture in Extruded Mg-1Mn (Wt Pct) at Ambient Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakkedath, A.; Maiti, T.; Bohlen, J.; Yi, S.; Letzig, D.; Eisenlohr, P.; Boehlert, C. J.

    2018-06-01

    Due to their excellent strength-to-weight ratio, Mg alloys are attractive for applications where weight savings are critical. However, the limited cold formability of wrought Mg alloys severely restricts their widespread usage. In order to study the role that deformation twinning might play in limiting the elongation-to-failure ({ɛ} _{ {f}}), in-situ tensile tests along the extrusion axis of Mg-1Mn (wt pct) were performed at 323 K, 423 K, and 523 K. The alloy exhibited a strong basal texture such that most of the grains experienced compression along their -axis during deformation. At 323 K, fracture occurred at about 10 pct strain. Although basal, prismatic, and pyramidal slip activity was observed along with extension twinning, contraction twinning significantly influenced the deformation, and such twins evolved into {10{\\bar{1}}1}-{10{\\bar{1}}2} double twins. Crystal plasticity simulation showed localized shear deformation within the contraction twins and double twins due to the enhanced activity of basal slip in the reoriented twin volume. Due to this, the twin-matrix interface was identified to be a potential crack initiation site. Thus, contraction twins were considered to have led to the failure of the material at a relatively low strain, suggesting that this deformation mode is detrimental to the cold formability of Mg and its alloys. With increasing temperature, there was a significant decrease in the activity of contraction twinning as well as extension twinning, along with a decrease in the tensile strength and an increase in the {ɛ} _{ {f}} value. A combination of basal, prismatic, and pyramidal slips accounted for a large percentage of the observed deformation activity at 423 K and 523 K. The lack of contraction twinning was explained by the expected decrease in the critical resolved shear stress values for pyramidal slip, and the improved {ɛ} _{ {f}} values at elevated temperatures were attributed to the vanishing activity of contraction twinning.

  13. Synergetic effects of Sc and Zr microalloying and heat treatment on mechanical properties and exfoliation corrosion behavior of Al-Mg-Mn alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peng, Yongyi; Li, Shu; Deng, Ying; Zhou, Hua; Xu, Guofu; Yin, Zhimin

    2016-01-01

    Mechanical properties, exfoliation corrosion behavior and microstructure of Al-5.98Mg-0.47Mn and Al-6.01Mg-0.45Mn-0.25Sc-0.10Zr (wt%) alloy sheets under various homogenizing and annealing processes were investigated comparatively by tensile tests, electrochemical measurements, X-ray diffraction technique and microscopy methods. The as-cast alloys mainly consist of Fe and Mn enriched impurity phases, Mg and Mn enriched non-equilibrium aluminides and Mg 3 Al 2 phases. During homogenization treatment, solvable intermetallics firstly precipitate and then dissolve into matrix. The optimized homogenization processes for removing micro-segregation and obtaining maximum precipitation strengthening of secondary Al 3 (Sc, Zr) particles are 440 °C×8 h and 300 °C×8 h, respectively. Sc and Zr additions can make the yield strength of Al-Mg-Mn alloy increase by 21 MPa (6.9%), 120 MPa (61.2%) and 127 MPa (68.3%), when annealed at 270 °C, 300 °C and 330 °C, respectively, indicating that Orowan precipitation strengthening caused by secondary Al 3 (Sc, Zr) nano-particles is much greater than grain boundary strengthening from primary Al 3 (Sc, Zr) micro-particles. Increasing homogenization and annealing degrees and adding Sc and Zr all can decrease corrosion current density and improve exfoliation corrosion resistance. The exfoliation corrosion behavior is dominant by anodic dissolution occurring at the interface between intermetallics and α(Al) matrix. After homogenizing at 440 °C for 8 h and annealing at 300 °C for 1 h, yield strength, ultimate strength, elongation to failure and exfoliation corrosion rank are 196 MPa, 360 MPa, 20.2% and PA (slight pitting corrosion) in Al-Mg-Mn alloy, and reach to 316 MPa, 440 MPa, 17.0% and PA in Al-Mg-Mn-Sc-Zr alloy, respectively, revealing that high strength, high ductility and admirable corrosion resistance of Al-Mg-Mn alloys can be achieved by the synergetic effects of Sc and Zr microalloying and heat treatment.

  14. Comparative kinetic studies of Mn2+-activated and fructose-1,6-P-modified Mg2+-activated pyruvate kinase from Concholepas concholepas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvajal, N; González, R; Morán, A; Oyarce, A M

    1985-01-01

    Initial velocity and product inhibition studies of Mn2+-activated and FDP-modified Mg2+-activated pyruvate kinase from Concholepas concholepas, were performed. Evidence is presented to show that the Mn2+-enzyme catalyzes an ordered sequential mechanism, with ADP being the first substrate and pyruvate the last product. The results presented are consistent with a random combination of reactants with the FDP-modified Mg2+-activated enzyme and the formation of the dead-end complexes enzyme ADP-ATP and enzyme-PEP-ATP.

  15. Regularities in structure formation of magnesium-yttrium alloy of Mg-Y-Mn-Cd system in relation to temperature and hot working rate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ovechkin, B.I.; Miklina, N.V.; Blokhin, N.N.; Sorokin, A.F.

    1981-01-01

    Problems of the structure formation of magnesium-yttrium alloy of Mg-G-Mn-Cd system with 7.8 % G in a wide range of temperature-rate parameters of hot working are studied. On the basis of X-ray analysis results ascertained with metallographic and electron microscopic investigations, a diagram of structural states after hot working of Mg-G-Mn-Cd system alloy has been plotted. A change in grain size in relation to temperature-rate conditions of hot working

  16. New intermetallic MIrP (M=Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo) and MgRuP compounds related with MoM'P (M'=Ni and Ru) superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kito, Hijiri; Iyo, Akira; Wada, Toshimi

    2011-01-01

    Using a cubic-anvil high-pressure apparatus, ternary iridium phosphides MIrP (M=Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo) and MgRuP have been prepared by reaction of stoichiometric amounts of each metal and phosphide powders at around 2 Gpa and above 1523 K for the first time. The structure of these compounds prepared at high-pressure has been characterized by X-ray powder diffraction. Diffraction lines of these compounds are assigned by the index of the Co2Si-type structure. The electrical resistivity and the d.c magnetic susceptibility of MIrP (M=Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo) have measured at low temperatures. Unfortunately, no superconducting transition for MIrP (M=Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo) and MgRuP are observed down to 2 K.

  17. New intermetallic MIrP (M=Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo) and MgRuP compounds related with MoM'P (M'=Ni and Ru) superconductor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kito, Hijiri; Iyo, Akira; Wada, Toshimi

    2011-01-01

    Using a cubic-anvil high-pressure apparatus, ternary iridium phosphides MIrP (M=Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo) and MgRuP have been prepared by reaction of stoichiometric amounts of each metal and phosphide powders at around 2 Gpa and above 1523 K for the first time. The structure of these compounds prepared at high-pressure has been characterized by X-ray powder diffraction. Diffraction lines of these compounds are assigned by the index of the Co 2 Si-type structure. The electrical resistivity and the d.c magnetic susceptibility of MIrP (M=Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo) have measured at low temperatures. Unfortunately, no superconducting transition for MIrP (M=Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo) and MgRuP are observed down to 2 K.

  18. Synergistic effects of composition and heat treatment on microstructure and properties of vacuum die cast Al-Si-Mg-Mn alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-jie Xu

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to prepare high-quality Al-Si-Mg-Mn alloy with a good combination of strength and ductility employing the vacuum-assisted high-pressure die cast process. An orthogonal study of heat treatments was conducted to design an optimized T6 heat treatment process for both Al-10%Si-0.3%Mg-Mn and Al-11%Si-0.6%Mg-Mn alloys. The results demonstrate that no obvious blisters and warpage were observed in these two alloys with solid solution treatment. After the optimal T6 heat treatment of 530°C×3h + 165°C×6h, Al-11%Si-0.6%Mg-Mn alloy has better mechanical properties, of which tensile strength, yield strength and elongation reached 377.3 MPa, 307.8 MPa and 9%, respectively. The improvement of mechanical properties can be attributed to the high density of needle-like β″(Mg5Si6 precipitation after aging treatment and the fine and spherical eutectic Si particles uniformly distributed in the α-Al matrix.

  19. Hydrogen storage properties of LaMgNi3.6M0.4 (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Cu, Al) alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Tai; Zhai, Tingting; Yuan, Zeming; Bu, Wengang; Xu, Sheng; Zhang, Yanghuan

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • La–Mg–Ni system AB 2 -type alloys were prepared by induction melting. • Structures and lattice parameters were analysed by XRD. • Hydrogen absorption/desorption performances were studied. • Mechanisms of hydrogen absorption capacity fading were investigated. - Abstract: LaMgNi 3.6 M 0.4 (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Cu, Al) alloys were prepared through induction melting process. The phase compositions and crystal structures were characterised via X-ray diffraction (XRD). The hydrogen storage properties, including activation performance, hydrogen absorption capacity, cycle stability, alloy particle pulverisation and plateau pressure, were systemically investigated. Results show that Ni, Co, Mn and Cu substitution alloys exhibit multiphase structures comprising the main phase LaMgNi 4 and the secondary phase LaNi 5 . However, the secondary phase of the Al substitution alloy changes into LaAlNi 4 . The lattice parameters and cell volumes of the LaMgNi 4 phase follow the order Ni < Co < Al < Cu < Mn. Activation is simplified through partial substitution of Ni with Al, Cu and Co. The hydrogen absorption capacities of all of the alloys are approximately 1.7 wt.% at the first activation process; however, they rapidly decrease with increasing cycle number. In addition, the stabilities of hydriding and dehydriding cycles decrease in the order Al > Co > Ni > Cu > Mn. Hydriding processes result in numerous cracks and amorphisation of the LaMgNi 4 phase in the alloys. The p–c isotherms were determined by a Sieverts-type apparatus. Two plateaus were observed for the Ni, Co and Al substitution alloys, whereas only one plateau was found for Mn and Cu. This result was caused by the amorphisation of the LaMgNi 4 phase during the hydriding cycles. Reversible absorption and desorption of hydrogen are difficult to achieve. Substitutions of Ni with Co, Mn, Cu and Al significantly influence the reduction of hysteresis between hydriding and dehydriding

  20. Synthesis and photoluminescence of Eu3+ and Mn2+ doped double phosphates KMLa(PO4)2 (M = Zn, Mg)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pan Yuexiao; Zhang Qinyuan; Jiang Zhonghong

    2006-01-01

    Two compounds, KMgLa(PO 4 ) 2 and KZnLa(PO 4 ) 2 doped with Eu 3+ and Mn 2+ ions, have been synthesized by a conventional solid-state method at 850 deg. C. Structures of KMgLa(PO 4 ) 2 and KZnLa(PO 4 ) 2 have been investigated and confirmed by X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence spectra. The results indicate that the compounds have remained the monoclinic structure of LaPO 4 with space group of C s when (K + , Mg 2+ ) or (K + , Zn 2+ ) could substitute half of the La 3+ ions. Under an ultraviolet source, KMgLa(PO 4 ) 2 :Mn 2+ has shown a bright red phosphorescent color, while KZnLa(PO 4 ) 2 :Mn 2+ has shown an orange-red emission which is assigned to the electronic transition of 4 T 1 ( 4 G)- 6 A 1 ( 6 S) of Mn 2+ in strong crystal field

  1. Brain regional distributions of the minor and trace elements, Na, Mg, Cl, K, Mn, Zn, Rb and Br, in young and aged mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amano, R.; Oishi, S.; Ishie, M.; Kimura, M.

    2001-01-01

    Brain regional cerebral concentrations of minor and trace elements, Na, Mg, Cl, K, Mn, Zn, Rb and Br were determined in young and aged mice, by instrumental neutron activation analysis for small amounts of regional (corpus striatum, cerebellum, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, midbrain, pons and medulla olfactory bulb) samples. Significant age-related differences were found for Mn concentration in all brain regions: The Mn concentration of the young brain was higher than those of aged brain, in addition, Zn was distributed heterogeneously, and highly concentrated in cerebral cortex and hippocampus regions in both young and aged mice. These results suggest that, in the aged brain, Mn is required less than in the young brain, on the other hand, Zn is required equally in both young and aged brains. (author)

  2. (Zn, Mg)2GeO4:Mn2+ submicrorods as promising green phosphors for field emission displays: hydrothermal synthesis and luminescence properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, Mengmeng; Li, Guogang; Yang, Dongmei; Kang, Xiaojiao; Peng, Chong; Cheng, Ziyong; Lin, Jun

    2011-10-07

    (Zn(1-x-y)Mg(y))(2)GeO(4): xMn(2+) (y = 0-0.30; x = 0-0.035) phosphors with uniform submicrorod morphology were synthesized through a facile hydrothermal process. X-Ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), photoluminescence (PL), and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectroscopy were utilized to characterize the samples. SEM and TEM images indicate that Zn(2)GeO(4):Mn(2+) samples consist of submicrorods with lengths around 1-2 μm and diameters around 200-250 nm, respectively. The possible formation mechanism for Zn(2)GeO(4) submicrorods has been presented. PL and CL spectroscopic characterizations show that pure Zn(2)GeO(4) sample shows a blue emission due to defects, while Zn(2)GeO(4):Mn(2+) phosphors exhibit a green emission corresponding to the characteristic transition of Mn(2+) ((4)T(1)→(6)A(1)) under the excitation of UV and low-voltage electron beam. Compared with Zn(2)GeO(4):Mn(2+) sample prepared by solid-state reaction, Zn(2)GeO(4):Mn(2+) phosphors obtained by hydrothermal process followed by high temperature annealing show better luminescence properties. In addition, codoping Mg(2+) ions into the lattice to substitute for Zn(2+) ions can enhance both the PL and CL intensity of Zn(2)GeO(4):Mn(2+) phosphors. Furthermore, Zn(2)GeO(4):Mn(2+) phosphors exhibit more saturated green emission than the commercial FEDs phosphor ZnO:Zn, and it is expected that these phosphors are promising for application in field-emission displays.

  3. Structural effects of hydrogen action in the low alloy Mn-Ni-Mo (A508.3) steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sozanska, M.; Maciejny, A.; Sojka, J.; Hyspecka, L.; Galland, J.

    1999-01-01

    The presented paper deals with the study of hydrogen embrittlement of A508.3 steel used in nuclear industry. The effects in hydrogen are investigated by means of tensile testes on hydrogen charged specimens. The degree of degradation of mechanical properties is the first and the most important criterion of susceptibility to hydrogen embrittlement. The second criterion represents changes in failure micro mechanisms provoked by presence of hydrogen in microstructure or in the surface fracture. For this steel, hydrogen provoked special defects called 'fish eyes' on surface fractures after tensile tests. 'Fish eyes' nucleated on course spherical non-metallic inclusions. Inclusions were identified in most cases as a complex oxides containing variable quantities namely Al, Mg, Si, and Ca, the outer shell being formed by (Ca, Mn)S. Special attention was given to the detailed metallographic analysis by means of light and scanning electron microscopy, including the methods of image analysis, local chemical analysis, quantitative metallography quantitative fractography. Metallographic methods are explained by nonmetallic inclusion morphology. Inclusions were evaluated by means of image analysis and the results obtained have shown inclusion content and their geometric characteristics. Fractographic methods are used in quantitative characteristic of different types of fracture surfaces (ductile, quasicleavage and 'fish eyes') and parameters of 'fish eyes' (their number per unit of fracture area, diameter, surface, shape). All results obtained in this way can be used to describe more precisely the specific mechanism of hydrogen embrittlement in A508.3 steel. (author)

  4. Seasonal variation of major elements (Ca, Mg) and trace metals (Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn) and cultured mussel Perna viridis L. and seawater in the Dona Paula Bay, Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rivonker, C.U.; Parulekar, A.H.

    The major elements and trace metals were analysed from nussel tissue and the seawater taken from three depths (0, 5 and 9 meters) from the culture site. Range of variation in Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn were 226-399; 708-1329; 0.005-0.084; BDL-0...

  5. Effect of Drying Conditions on the Catalytic Performance, Structure, and Reaction Rates over the Fe-Co-Mn/MgO Catalyst for Production of Light Olefins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Abdouss

    2018-01-01

    How to Cite: Abdouss, M., Arsalanfar, M., Mirzaei, N., Zamani, Y. (2018. Effect of Drying Conditions on the Catalytic Performance, Structure, and Reaction Rates over the Fe-Co-Mn/MgO Catalyst for Production of Light Olefins. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 13 (1: 97-112 (doi:10.9767/bcrec.13.1.1222.97-112

  6. First attempts towards the early detection of fatigued substructures using cyclic-loaded 20 MnMoNi 5 5 steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dobmann, G.; Seibold, A.

    1992-01-01

    Materials subjected to cyclic loading undergo substructural changes which may affect service life. The low alloy, fine-grained structural steel 20 MnMoNi 5 5 is used to demonstrate how substructural changes detected using TEM techniques are a function of the number of cycles undergone. For a given cyclic loading the usage factor η=N/N f =0.5 can be derived. Initial investigations using nondestructive examination methods have indicated that substructural changes and magnetic variables can be correlated. (orig.)

  7. Transition Metal Complexes of Cr, Mo, W and Mn Containing η1(S)-2,5-Dimethylthiophene, Benzothiophene and Dibenzothiophene Ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, Michael [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2000-09-21

    The UV photolysis of hexanes solutions containing the complexes M(CO)6 (M=Cr, Mo, W) or CpMn(CO)3 (Cp=η5-C5H5) and excess thiophene (T*) (T*=2,5-dimethylthiophene (2,5-Me2T), benzothiophene (BT), and dibenzothiophene (DBT)) produces the η1(S)-T* complexes (CO)5M(η1(S)-T*) 1-8 or Cp(CO)2Mn1(S)-T*)9-11, respectively. However, when T*=DBT, and M=Mo, a mixture of two products result which includes the η1(S)-DBT complex (CO)5Mo1(S)-DBT) 4a and the unexpected π-complex (CO)3Mo(η{sup 6}-DBT) 4b as detected by 1H NMR. The liability of the η1(S)-T* ligands is illustrated by the rapid displacement of DBT in the complex (CO)5W(η1(S)-DBT) (1) by THF, and also in the complexes (CO)5Cr(η1(S)-DBT) (5) and CpMn(CO)21(S)-DBT) (9) by CO (1 atm) at room temperature. Complexes 1-11 have been characterized spectroscopically (1H NMR, IR) and when possible isolated as analytically pure solids (elemental analysis, EIMS). Single crystal, X-ray structural determinations are reported for (Cη)5W(η1(S)-DBT) and Cp(CO)2Mn1(S)-DBT).

  8. Determination of heavy metal deposition in the county of Obrenovac (Serbia using mosses as bioindicators, IV: Manganese (Mn, Molybdenum (Mo, and Nickel (Ni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukojević V.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the deposition of three heavy metals (Mn, Mo, and Ni in the county of Obrenovac (Serbia in four moss taxa (Bryum argenteum, Bryum capillare, Brachythecium sp., and Hypnum cupressiforme is presented. The distribution of average heavy metal content in all mosses in the county of Obrenovac is presented on maps, while the long-term atmospheric deposition (in the mosses Bryum argenteum and B. capillare and short term atmospheric deposition (in the mosses Brachythecium sp. and Hypnum cupressiforme are discussed and given in tabular form. Areas of the highest contaminations are highlighted.

  9. Influence of H2O and H2S on the Composition, Activity, and Stability of Sulfided Mo, CoMo, and NiMo Supported on MgAl2O4 for Hydrodeoxygenation of Ethylene Glycol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dabros, Trine Marie Hartmann; Gaur, Abhijeet; Pintos, Delfina Garcia

    2018-01-01

    In this work, density functional theory (DFT), catalytic activity tests, and in-situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was performed to gain detailed insights into the activity and stability of MoS2, Ni-MoS2, and Co-MoS2 catalysts used for hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of ethylene glycol upon...

  10. Effect of Homogenization on Microstructure Characteristics, Corrosion and Biocompatibility of Mg-Zn-Mn-xCa Alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jingyuan; Lai, Huiying; Xu, Yuzhao

    2018-01-01

    The corrosion behaviors of Mg-2Zn-0.2Mn-xCa (denoted as MZM-xCa alloys) in homogenization state have been investigated by immersion test and electrochemical techniques in a simulated physiological condition. The microstructure features were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), and the corrosion mechanism was illustrated using atomic force microscope (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The electrochemical and immersion test verify the MZM-0.38% Ca owns the best corrosion performance with the corrosion rate of 6.27 mm/year. Furthermore, the film layer of MZM-0.38% Ca is more compact and denser than that of others. This improvement could be associated with the combined effects of the suitable content of Zn/Ca dissolving into the α-Mg matrix and the modification of Ca-containing compounds by heat-treatment. However, the morphologies were transformed from uniform corrosion to localized pitting corrosion with Ca further addition. It could be explained that the excessive Ca addition can strengthen the nucleation driving force for the second phase formation, and the large volumes fraction of micro-galvanic present interface sites accelerate the nucleation driving force for corrosion propagation. In addition, in vitro biocompatibility tests also show the MZM-0.38% Ca was safe to bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and was promising to be utilized as implant materials. PMID:29389894

  11. Effect of Homogenization on Microstructure Characteristics, Corrosion and Biocompatibility of Mg-Zn-Mn-xCa Alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Zhang

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The corrosion behaviors of Mg-2Zn-0.2Mn-xCa (denoted as MZM-xCa alloys in homogenization state have been investigated by immersion test and electrochemical techniques in a simulated physiological condition. The microstructure features were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM, X-ray diffraction (XRD, transmission electron microscopy (TEM and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA, and the corrosion mechanism was illustrated using atomic force microscope (AFM, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM. The electrochemical and immersion test verify the MZM-0.38% Ca owns the best corrosion performance with the corrosion rate of 6.27 mm/year. Furthermore, the film layer of MZM-0.38% Ca is more compact and denser than that of others. This improvement could be associated with the combined effects of the suitable content of Zn/Ca dissolving into the α-Mg matrix and the modification of Ca-containing compounds by heat-treatment. However, the morphologies were transformed from uniform corrosion to localized pitting corrosion with Ca further addition. It could be explained that the excessive Ca addition can strengthen the nucleation driving force for the second phase formation, and the large volumes fraction of micro-galvanic present interface sites accelerate the nucleation driving force for corrosion propagation. In addition, in vitro biocompatibility tests also show the MZM-0.38% Ca was safe to bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs and was promising to be utilized as implant materials.

  12. Radioactivity of β / γ and the Content of Ca, Fe, Mn, Mg, Na on the Spring of Ponorogo East Java Lime Area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sutjipto

    2002-01-01

    Radioactivity of β / γ and the content of Ca, Fe, Mn, Mg, Na on the source of Ponorogo East-Java lime area has been studied. This research was carried out to know radioactivity of β / γ and the content of Ca, Fe, Mn, Mg, Na on the spring of different three places were Ngebel-lake source, Ngembak source and Gonggang source. Samples taken, preparation and analysis based on the procedures of environmental radioactivity analysis and water sampling guidelines. The instrument used for the analysis radioactivity were low level β counter modified P3TM-BATAN Yogyakarta with detector GM and spectrometer γ with detector Ge(Li). Radioactivity of β (gross) from the source of different three places (β ≤ 1 Bq/L) are lower than the value of PPRI No. 20/1990. Radioactivity of γ comes from the natural radionuclides of Tl-208 and K-40 are lower than 1 Bq/L for the different of three places, respectively. The metals concentration of Ngebel-lake source were Ca ≤ 14.34 ppm; Fe ≤ 0.04 ppm; Mn ≤ 0.02 ppm; Mg ≤ 6.75 ppm; Na ≤ 14.63 ppm, Ngembak source were Ca ≤ 11.6 ppm; Fe ≤ 0.04 ppm; Mn ≤ 0.02 ppm; Mg ≤ 11.13 ppm; Na ≤ 16.75 ppm and Gonggang source were Ca ≤ 13.78 ppm; Fe ≤ 0.26 ppm; Mn ≤ 0.02 ppm; Mg ≤ 6.13 ppm; Na ≤ 15.00 ppm. The water of Ngebel-lake source, Ngembak source and Gonggang source can be classified as B category water based on radioactivity and the content of the metals concentration in its. (author)

  13. Metallic elements (Ca, Hg, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Zn) in the fruiting bodies of Boletus badius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kojta, Anna K; Falandysz, Jerzy

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the levels of eight metallic elements in the fruiting bodies of Bay Bolete (Boletus badius; current name Imleria badia) collected from ten sites in Poland to understand better the value of this popular mushroom as an organic food. Bay Bolete fruiting bodies were collected from the forest area near the towns and villages of Kętrzyn, Poniatowa, Bydgoszcz, Pelplin, Włocławek, Żuromin, Chełmno, Ełk and Wilków communities, as well as in the Augustów Primeval Forest. Elements such as Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na and Zn were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), and mercury by cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CV-AAS). This made it possible to assess the nutritional value of the mushroom, as well as possible toxicological risks associated with its consumption. The results were subjected to statistical analysis (Kruskal-Wallis test, cluster analysis, principal component analysis). Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Moment mapping of body-centered-cubic Fe{sub x}Mn{sub 1−x} alloy films on MgO(001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Idzerda, Y. U., E-mail: idzerda@physics.montana.edu; Bhatkar, H. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717 (United States); Arenholz, E. [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories, Berkeley, California 59717 (United States)

    2015-05-07

    The alloy composition and elemental magnetic moments of bcc single crystal films of compositionally graded Fe{sub x}Mn{sub 1−x} films (20 nm thick films with 0.8 ≤ x ≤ 0.9) grown on MgO(001) are spatially mapped using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism. Electron diffraction measurements on single composition samples confirmed that the structure of Fe{sub x}Mn{sub 1−x} films remained epitaxial and in the bcc phase from 0.65 ≤ x ≤ 1, but rotated 45° with respect to the MgO(001) surface net. This is beyond the bulk bcc stability limit of x = 0.88. The Fe moment is found to gradually reduce with increasing Mn content with a very abrupt decline at x = 0.85, a slightly higher composition than observed in the bulk. Surprisingly, the Mn exhibits a very small net moment (<0.1 μ{sub B}) at all compositions, suggesting a complex Mn spin structure.

  15. Electronic transitions and band offsets in C60:SubPc and C60:MgPc on MoO3 studied by modulated surface photovoltage spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fengler, S.; Dittrich, Th.; Rusu, M.

    2015-01-01

    Electronic transitions at interfaces between MoO 3 layers and organic layers of C 60 , SubPc, MgPc, and nano-composite layers of SubPc:C 60 and MgPc:C 60 have been studied by modulated surface photovoltage (SPV) spectroscopy. For all systems, time dependent and modulated SPV signals pointed to dissociation of excitons at the MoO 3 /organic layer interfaces with a separation of holes towards MoO 3 . The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) gaps (E HL ) of C 60 , SubPc, and MgPc and the effective E HL of SubPc:C 60 and MgPc:C 60 were measured. The offsets between the LUMO (ΔE L ) or HOMO (ΔE H ) bands were obtained with high precision and amounted to 0.33 or 0.73 eV for SubPc:C 60 , respectively, and to −0.33 or 0.67 eV for MgPc:C 60 , respectively. Exponential tails below E HL and most pronounced sub-bandgap transitions were characterized and ascribed to disorder and transitions from HOMO bands to unoccupied defect states

  16. Photoluminescence properties of color-tunable SrMgAl10O17:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphors for UV LEDs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ju Guifang; Hu Yihua; Chen Li; Wang Xiaojuan

    2012-01-01

    Aluminate phosphors SrMgAl 10 O 17 codoped with Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ ions were prepared by solid-state reaction. The phase structure and photoluminescence properties of the as-prepared phosphors were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra. Upon excitation of UV light, two broad emission bands centered at 470 and 515 nm were observed, and they were assigned to Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ emissions, respectively. The emission color of the phosphors can be tuned from blue to cyan and finally to green by adjusting the concentration ratios of Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ . Effective energy transfer occurs from Eu 2+ to Mn 2+ in the host due to the spectral overlap between the emission band of Eu 2+ and the excitation bands of Mn 2+ . The energy transfer mechanism was demonstrated to be electric dipole–quadrupole interaction. The energy transfer efficiency and critical distance were also calculated. The phosphors exhibit strong absorption in near UV spectral region and therefore they are potentially useful as UV-convertible phosphors for white LEDs. - Highlights: ► The strong absorption of phosphors matches well with the emission band of UV LED. ► The energy transfer from Eu 2+ to Mn 2+ in SrMgAl 10 O 17 was investigated in detail. ► The emission color can be tuned by adjusting the content of Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ . ► Two methods were employed to calculate the critical distance of energy transfer.

  17. Nanocrystalline spinel ferrite (MFe2O4, M = Ni, Co, Mn, Mg, Zn) powders prepared by a simple aloe vera plant-extracted solution hydrothermal route

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phumying, Santi; Labuayai, Sarawuth; Swatsitang, Ekaphan; Amornkitbamrung, Vittaya; Maensiri, Santi

    2013-01-01

    Graphical abstract: This figure shows the specific magnetization curves of the as-prepared MFe 2 O 4 (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Mg, Zn) powders obtained from room temperature VSM measurement. These curves are typical for a soft magnetic material and indicate hysteresis ferromagnetism in the field ranges of ±500 Oe, ±1000 Oe, and ±2000 Oe for the CoFe 2 O 4 , MgFe 2 O 4 and MnFe 2 O 4 respectively, whereas the samples of NiFe 2 O 4 and ZnFe 2 O 4 show a superparamagnetic behavior. Highlights: ► Nanocrystalline MFe 2 O 4 powders were synthesized by a novel hydrothermal method. ► Metal acetylacetonates and aloe vera plant-extracted solution are used. ► This biosynthetic route is very simple and provides high-yield oxide nanomaterials. ► XRD and TEM results indicate that the prepared samples have only spinel structure. ► The maximum M s of 68.9 emu/g at 10 kOe were observed for the samples of MnFe 2 O 4 . - Abstract: Nanocrystalline spinel ferrite MFe 2 O 4 (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Mg, Zn) powders were synthesized by a novel hydrothermal method using Fe(acac) 3 , M(acac) 3 (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Mg, Zn) and aloe vera plant extracted solution. The X-ray diffraction and selected-area electron diffraction results indicate that the synthesized nanocrystalline have only spinel structure without the presence of other phase impurities. The crystal structure and morphology of the spinel ferrite powders, as revealed by TEM, show that the NiFe 2 O 4 and CoFe 2 O 4 samples contain nanoparticles, whereas the MnFe 2 O 4 and MgFe 2 O 4 samples consist of many nanoplatelets and nanoparticles. Interestingly, the ZnFe 2 O 4 sample contains plate-like structure of networked nanocrystalline particles. Room temperature magnetization results show a ferromagnetic behavior of the CoFe 2 O 4 , MnFe 2 O 4 and MgFe 2 O 4 samples, whereas the samples of NiFe 2 O 4 and ZnFe 2 O 4 exhibit a superparamagnetic behavior

  18. Oxygen redox chemistry without excess alkali-metal ions in Na2/3[Mg0.28Mn0.72]O2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maitra, Urmimala; House, Robert A; Somerville, James W; Tapia-Ruiz, Nuria; Lozano, Juan G; Guerrini, Niccoló; Hao, Rong; Luo, Kun; Jin, Liyu; Pérez-Osorio, Miguel A; Massel, Felix; Pickup, David M; Ramos, Silvia; Lu, Xingye; McNally, Daniel E; Chadwick, Alan V; Giustino, Feliciano; Schmitt, Thorsten; Duda, Laurent C; Roberts, Matthew R; Bruce, Peter G

    2018-03-01

    The search for improved energy-storage materials has revealed Li- and Na-rich intercalation compounds as promising high-capacity cathodes. They exhibit capacities in excess of what would be expected from alkali-ion removal/reinsertion and charge compensation by transition-metal (TM) ions. The additional capacity is provided through charge compensation by oxygen redox chemistry and some oxygen loss. It has been reported previously that oxygen redox occurs in O 2p orbitals that interact with alkali ions in the TM and alkali-ion layers (that is, oxygen redox occurs in compounds containing Li + -O(2p)-Li + interactions). Na 2/3 [Mg 0.28 Mn 0.72 ]O 2 exhibits an excess capacity and here we show that this is caused by oxygen redox, even though Mg 2+ resides in the TM layers rather than alkali-metal (AM) ions, which demonstrates that excess AM ions are not required to activate oxygen redox. We also show that, unlike the alkali-rich compounds, Na 2/3 [Mg 0.28 Mn 0.72 ]O 2 does not lose oxygen. The extraction of alkali ions from the alkali and TM layers in the alkali-rich compounds results in severely underbonded oxygen, which promotes oxygen loss, whereas Mg 2+ remains in Na 2/3 [Mg 0.28 Mn 0.72 ]O 2 , which stabilizes oxygen.

  19. The influence of some additives to the highly carbohydrate diet on the distribution of Al, Ca, Mg, Mn and Na in teeth enamel and bones of experimental animals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bakyrdzhiev, P.

    1985-01-01

    An instrument neutron activation analysis had been used for the investigation of diets with different salt and permanent basic composition. The diets with MgCl 2 and methylene blue additives were used. Three groups of animals Wistar, Hamster and S. Dawley with different genetic reactivity had been fed on adlibidum for 45 days. After killing the animals the teeth enamel, mandibula and tibia had been sampled and content of Al, Mg, Mn, Na and Cl 2 was determined by means of INAA. The samples were irradiated for 1 min in the rabbit system of the experimental reactor IRT-2000. Two measurements were carried out - after a cooling time of 1 min for the determination of Al, Ca, Cl 2 , Mg, and after 2 h cooling time - for Na and Mn. The precision of the analysis was between 4 and 12%

  20. Oxygen Storage Capacity and Oxygen Mobility of Co-Mn-Mg-Al Mixed Oxides and Their Relation in the VOC Oxidation Reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Haidy Castaño

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Co-Mn-Mg-Al oxides were synthesized using auto-combustion and co-precipitation techniques. Constant ratios were maintained with (Co + Mn + Mg/Al equal to 3.0, (Co + Mn/Mg equal to 1.0 and Co/Mn equal to 0.5. The chemical and structural composition, redox properties, oxygen storage capacity and oxygen mobility were analyzed using X-ray fluorescence (XRF, X-ray diffraction (XRD, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, temperature-programmed reduction of hydrogen (H2-TPR, oxygen storage capacity (OSC, oxygen storage complete capacity (OSCC and isotopic exchange, respectively. The catalytic behavior of the oxides was evaluated in the total oxidation of a mixture of 250 ppm toluene and 250 ppm 2-propanol. The synthesis methodology affected the crystallite size, redox properties, OSC and oxide oxygen mobility, which determined the catalytic behavior. The co-precipitation method got the most active oxide in the oxidation of the volatile organic compound (VOC mixture because of the improved mobility of oxygen and ability to favor redox processes in the material structure.

  1. Raman spectroscopy of DNA-metal complexes. I. Interactions and conformational effects of the divalent cations: Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Pd, and Cd

    OpenAIRE

    Duguid, J.; Bloomfield, V.A.; Benevides, J.; Thomas Jr, G.J.

    1993-01-01

    Interactions of divalent metal cations (Mg2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Sr2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Pd2+, and Cd2+) with DNA have been investigated by laser Raman spectroscopy. Both genomic calf-thymus DNA (> 23 kilobase pairs) and mononucleosomal fragments (160 base pairs) were employed as targets of metal interaction in solutions containing 5 weight-% DNA and metal:phosphate molar ratios of 0.6:1. Raman difference spectra reveal that transition metal cations (Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Pd2+, and Cd2+) ind...

  2. Total Diet Study. Mg and Mn content estimation of a Market Basket of Sao Paulo state (Brazil) by Instrumental Neutron Activation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roseane Pagliaro Avegliano; Vera Akiko Maihara

    2014-01-01

    Total Diet Studies (TDS) have been carried out to estimate dietary intakes of the essential and toxic elements for a large-scale population over a specific period of time. In this study, the TDS was based on the evaluation of food representing a Market Basket (MB), which reflected the dietary habits of the Sao Paulo State population, corresponding to 72 % of the average food consumption for the state of Sao Paulo. In the present Total Diet Study, magnesium and manganese concentrations were determined in 30 of the most consumed food groups of a MB of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) has been successfully used on a regularly basis in several areas of nutrition and foodstuffs. Element concentrations were determined by INAA in freeze-dried samples and ranged in mg kg -1 . Mg 41.4 (fats)-5287 (coffee) and Mn 0.12 (prime grade beef)-32.9 (coffee). The average daily Mg and Mn intake was calculated by multiplying the concentration of each element in each table-ready food group by the respective weight (g day -1 ) of the food group in the MB and adding the products from all food groups. The results of daily dietary intakes in this study were: Mg 174.8 and Mn 1.34 mg day -1 . Theses values were lower than the adequate intake (AI) proposed by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine (USA National Academy) for adults. The low levels of Mg and Mn intakes presented in this TDS are probably due to the fact that MB of this study represented only 72 % of the weight of the most consumed household foods of Sao Paulo State. (author)

  3. Removal of As, Mn, Mo, Se, U, V and Zn from groundwater by zero-valent iron in a passive treatment cell: reaction progress modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Stan J.; Metzler, Donald R.; Dwyer, Brian P.

    2002-05-01

    Three treatment cells were operated at a site near Durango, CO. One treatment cell operated for more than 3 years. The treatment cells were used for passive removal of contamination from groundwater at a uranium mill tailings repository site. Zero-valent iron [Fe(0)] that had been powdered, bound with aluminosilicate and molded into plates was used as a reactive material in one treatment cell. The others used granular Fe(0) and steel wool. The treatment cells significantly reduced concentrations of As, Mn, Mo, Se, U, V and Zn in groundwater that flowed through it. Zero-valent iron [Fe(0)], magnetite (Fe 3O 4), calcite (CaCO 3), goethite (FeOOH) and mixtures of contaminant-bearing phases were identified in the solid fraction of one treatment cell. A reaction progress approach was used to model chemical evolution of water chemistry as it reacted with the Fe(0). Precipitation of calcite, ferrous hydroxide [Fe(OH) 2] and ferrous sulfide (FeS) were used to simulate observed changes in major-ion aqueous chemistry. The amount of reaction progress differed for each treatment cell. Changes in contaminant concentrations were consistent with precipitation of reduced oxides (UO 2, V 2O 3), sulfides (As 2S 3, ZnS), iron minerals (FeSe 2, FeMoO 4) and carbonate (MnCO 3). Formation of a free gas phase and precipitation of minerals contributed to loss of hydraulic conductivity in one treatment cell.

  4. The effect of mustard gas on salivary trace metals (Zn, Mn, Cu, Mg, Mo, Sr, Cd, Ca, Pb, Rb.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Zamani Pozveh

    Full Text Available We have determined and compared trace metals concentration in saliva taken from chemical warfare injures who were under the exposure of mustard gas and healthy subjects by means of inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES for the first time. The influence of preliminary operations on the accuracy of ICP-OES analysis, blood contamination, the number of restored teeth in the mouth, salivary flow rate, and daily variations in trace metals concentration in saliva were also considered. Unstimulated saliva was collected at 10:00-11:00 a.m. from 45 subjects in three equal groups. The first group was composed of 15 healthy subjects (group 1; the second group consisted of 15 subjects who, upon chemical warfare injuries, did not use Salbutamol spray, which they would have normally used on a regular basis (group 2; and the third group contained the same number of patients as the second group, but they had taken their regular medicine (Salbutamol spray; group 3. Our results showed that the concentration of Cu in saliva was significantly increased in the chemical warfare injures compared to healthy subjects, as follows: healthy subjects 15.3± 5.45 (p.p.b., patients (group 2 45.77±13.65, and patients (Salbutamol spray; group 3 29 ±8.51 (P <0.02. In contrast, zinc was significantly decreased in the patients, as follows: healthy subjects 37 ± 9.03 (p.p.b., patients (group 2 12.2 ± 3.56, and patients (Salbutamol spray; group 3 20.6 ±10.01 (P < 0.01. It is important to note that direct dilution of saliva samples with ultrapure nitric acid showed the optimum ICP-OES outputs.

  5. The magnetic Curie temperature and exchange coupling between cations in tetragonal spinel oxide Mn{sub 2.5}M{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} (M = Co, Ni, Mn, Cr, and Mg) films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuo, K.; Cheng, C. W.; Chern, G. [Physics Department and SPIN Research Center, National Chung Cheng University, Chia-Yi, Taiwan, 621 (China)

    2012-04-01

    Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} is a Jahn-Taller tetragonal ferrite that has a relatively low Curie temperature (T{sub c}) of {approx}43 K due to weak coupling between the canting spins. In this study, we fabricated a series of 100-nm-thick Mn{sub 2.5}M{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} (M = Co, Ni, Mn, Cr, and Mg) films via oxygen-plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy and measured the structural and magnetic properties of these films. These films show single phase quality, and the c-axis lattice parameter of pure Mn{sub 3}O{sub 4} is 0.944 nm, with a c/a ratio {approx}1.16, consistent with the bulk values. The replacement of Mn by M (M = Co, Ni, Cr, and Mg) changes the lattice parameters, and the c/a ratio varies between 1.16 and 1.06 depending upon the cation distribution of the films. The magnetic Curie temperatures of these films also vary in the range of 25-66 K in that Ni and Co enhance the T{sub c} whereas Mg reduces the T{sub c} (Cr shows no effect on the T{sub c}). These changes to the T{sub c} are related to both the element electronic state and the cation distributions in these compounds. As a non-collinear spin configuration can induce electrical polarization, the present study provides a systematic way to enhance the magnetic transition temperature in tetragonal spinel ferrites.

  6. Dehydrogenation of propane in the presence of CO{sub 2} over polyacid chromium oxide catalysts modified by Mo, W and Mn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapidus, A.L.; Agafonov, Yu.A.; Gaidai, N.A.; Nekrasov, N.V.; Davydov, P.E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation). N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry

    2013-11-01

    Effective chromium oxide catalysts without additions and with addition of Mo, W and Mn were prepared and tested in long-duration experiments for propane dehydrogenation in the presence of CO{sub 2}. The optimal concentrations of metals were found. It was shown that the best combination of acid-base and redox properties necessary for a decrease of aggregation of chromium-oxide particles was observed over the following catalyst: (3.0 wt.%Cr-1.5 wt.% Mn)/SiO{sub 2}. This catalyst worked stably in durable tests (500 h). Mechanism of propane oxidative dehydrogenation was studied using unstationary response method. It was shown that the process mechanism was similar over all studied catalysts but the catalysts were differed by the adsorption capacity of the reaction components: CO{sub 2} was tied more firmly than C{sub 3}H{sub 6} over Cr and Cr-Mn, C{sub 3}H{sub 6} was tied more strongly than CO{sub 2} over Cr-W. The reverse water-gas shift reaction proceeded in more extent over chromium-oxide catalysts without additions. (orig.)

  7. Photoluminescence properties of whitlockite-type Ca{sub 9}MgK(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}:Eu{sup 2+},Mn{sup 2+} phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, Ning, E-mail: guoning@usst.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093 (China); Li, Shuo; Chen, Jishen; Li, Jing; Zhao, Yuefeng; Wang, Lu; Jia, Chengzheng; Ouyang, Ruizhuo [Department of Chemistry, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093 (China); Lü, Wei [State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Resource Utilization, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022 (China)

    2016-11-15

    Novel single-phased Eu{sup 2+}/Mn{sup 2+}-coactivated whitlockite-type Ca{sub 9}MgK(PO{sub 4}){sub 7} phosphors which can emit white light upon UV light excitation, are prepared by the solid-state method, and their luminescence properties are systematically investigated via a combination of X-ray powder diffraction and spectroscopy measurements. For Eu{sup 2+}–Mn{sup 2+} codoped samples, an efficient energy transfer process can takes place and its mechanism is a resonant type via a dipole-quadrupole interaction which can be elucidated by DexterГ—Віs theoretical model. Following the principle of energy transfer, myriad luminescence colors with a large gamut from blue to purplish red and across white zone in a line in the chromaticity diagram of the CIE can be obtained by simply adjusting the concentration ratio of Eu{sup 2+} to Mn{sup 2+}. Photoluminescence spectra reveal that the white color emission is originated from the combination of two emission bands of Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} ions. Additionally, their CIE chromaticity coordinates and correlated color temperatures (CCT) have been calculated and discussed in detail. The luminescence suggest that whitlockite-type phosphor, Ca{sub 9}MgK(PO{sub 4}){sub 7}, co-activated with europium and manganese, is a promising single-phased white-emitting candidate for use in ultraviolet-chip-based white LEDs.

  8. Hydrogen storage properties of LaMgNi{sub 3.6}M{sub 0.4} (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Cu, Al) alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Tai [Department of Functional Material Research, Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081 (China); Key Laboratory of Integrated Exploitation of Baiyun Obo Multi-Metal Resources, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou 014010 (China); Zhai, Tingting; Yuan, Zeming; Bu, Wengang [Department of Functional Material Research, Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081 (China); Xu, Sheng [Key Laboratory of Integrated Exploitation of Baiyun Obo Multi-Metal Resources, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou 014010 (China); Zhang, Yanghuan, E-mail: zhangyh59@sina.com [Department of Functional Material Research, Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081 (China); Key Laboratory of Integrated Exploitation of Baiyun Obo Multi-Metal Resources, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou 014010 (China)

    2014-12-25

    Highlights: • La–Mg–Ni system AB{sub 2}-type alloys were prepared by induction melting. • Structures and lattice parameters were analysed by XRD. • Hydrogen absorption/desorption performances were studied. • Mechanisms of hydrogen absorption capacity fading were investigated. - Abstract: LaMgNi{sub 3.6}M{sub 0.4} (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Cu, Al) alloys were prepared through induction melting process. The phase compositions and crystal structures were characterised via X-ray diffraction (XRD). The hydrogen storage properties, including activation performance, hydrogen absorption capacity, cycle stability, alloy particle pulverisation and plateau pressure, were systemically investigated. Results show that Ni, Co, Mn and Cu substitution alloys exhibit multiphase structures comprising the main phase LaMgNi{sub 4} and the secondary phase LaNi{sub 5}. However, the secondary phase of the Al substitution alloy changes into LaAlNi{sub 4}. The lattice parameters and cell volumes of the LaMgNi{sub 4} phase follow the order Ni < Co < Al < Cu < Mn. Activation is simplified through partial substitution of Ni with Al, Cu and Co. The hydrogen absorption capacities of all of the alloys are approximately 1.7 wt.% at the first activation process; however, they rapidly decrease with increasing cycle number. In addition, the stabilities of hydriding and dehydriding cycles decrease in the order Al > Co > Ni > Cu > Mn. Hydriding processes result in numerous cracks and amorphisation of the LaMgNi{sub 4} phase in the alloys. The p–c isotherms were determined by a Sieverts-type apparatus. Two plateaus were observed for the Ni, Co and Al substitution alloys, whereas only one plateau was found for Mn and Cu. This result was caused by the amorphisation of the LaMgNi{sub 4} phase during the hydriding cycles. Reversible absorption and desorption of hydrogen are difficult to achieve. Substitutions of Ni with Co, Mn, Cu and Al significantly influence the reduction of hysteresis between

  9. The A1 to L10 transformation in FePt films with ternary alloying additions of Mg, V, Mn, and B

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, B.; Barmak, K.; Klemmer, T. J.

    2011-01-01

    The impact of ternary additions of Mg, V, Mn, and B on the A1 [face centered cubic (fcc)] to L1 0 phase transformation has been studied. The films were cosputter deposited from elemental targets at room temperature and annealed after deposition. The films had Mg additions in the range ∼0-2.6 at.%, V additions in the range 0.7-12.2 at.%, Mn additions in the range 2.2-16.3 at.%, and B additions in the range 1.2-12.9 at.%. For all four ternary alloy systems, annealing resulted in the formation of no other phases than the L1 0 phase. Ternary additions of C than the binary FePt films with the same Pt content.

  10. Analysis of (Ba,Ca,Sr)3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for application in solid state lighting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han, J.K.; Piqutte, A.; Hannah, M.E.; Hirata, G.A.; Talbot, J.B.; Mishra, K.C.; McKittrick, J.

    2014-01-01

    The luminescence properties of Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ co-activated (Ba,Ca,Sr) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 phosphors prepared by combustion synthesis were studied. Eu 2+ -activated (Ba,Ca,Sr) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 has a broad blue emission band centered at 450–485 nm and Eu 2+ –Mn 2+ -activated (Ba,Ca,Sr) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 exhibits a red emission around 620–703 nm, depending on the relative concentrations of Ba, Ca and Sr. The particle size of Eu 2+ and Mn 2+ co-activated (Ba,Ca) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 ranges from 300 nm to 1 μm depending on the metal ion and are agglomerated due to post-synthesis, high temperature annealing. The green emission of Ba 3 MgSi 2 O 8 originates from secondary phases (Ba 2 SiO 4 and BaMgSiO 4 ) confirmed by emission spectra and X-ray diffraction patterns. The secondary phases of Ba 3 MgSi 2 O 8 are removed by the addition of Sr. The quantum efficiencies range from 45% to 70% under 400 nm excitation and the lifetime of red emission of Ba 3 MgSi 2 O 8 decreases significantly with increasing temperature, which is 54% at 400 K of that at 80 K compared to that of blue emission (90% at 400 K of that at 80 K). -- highlights: • (Ba,Ca,Sr) 3 MgSi 2 O 8 :Eu 2+ , Mn 2+ phosphors were prepared by a combustion synthesis method. • The emission spectra consist of broad blue-emission band and red-emission band. • The quantum efficiencies range between 45% and 70%, depending on the relative concentrations of Ba, Ca and Sr. • The secondary phases were eliminated by additions of Sr. • Lifetime of the red-emission decreases with increasing temperature, suggesting that these phosphors are not useful for solid state lighting applications

  11. Attestation in self-propagating combustion approach of spinel AFe_2O_4 (A = Co, Mg and Mn) complexes bearing mixed oxidation states: Magnetostructural properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bennet, J.; Tholkappiyan, R.; Vishista, K.; Jaya, N. Victor; Hamed, Fathalla

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Spinel type ferrite compounds AFe_2O_4 (A = Co, Mg and Mn) have been successfully prepared by self-propagating combustion method using glycine as fuel. • To investigate and confirms the presence of phases in the synthesized ferrite nanoparticles by XRD and FTIR analysis. • The formation of mixed oxidation state of cobalt (Co"2"+ and Co"3"+), iron (Fe"2"+ and Fe"3"+) and manganese (Mn"2"+ and Mn"3"+) ions were studied and confirmed from XPS analysis. • The magnetic properties of the synthesized ferrites were studied by VSM measurement. - Abstract: Spinel type nano-sized ferrite compounds AFe_2O_4 (A = Co, Mg and Mn) have been successfully prepared by self-propagating combustion method using glycine as fuel at 400 °C under air atmosphere for 4 h. The crystal structure, chemical composition, morphology and magnetic properties of the synthesized samples were characterized by X−ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X−ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Energy dispersive X−ray, Scanning and Transmission electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer. The chemical reaction and role of fuel on the nanoparticles formation were discussed. The XRD pattern of the synthesized samples shows the formation of pure phase with average crystallite size of 97, 57 and 98 nm from Scherrer formula and 86, 54 and 87 nm from Williamson and Hall (W–H) formula respectively. FTIR absorption spectra revealed that the presence of strong absorption peaks near 400–600 cm"−"1 corresponds to tetrahedral and octahedral complex of spinel ferrites. The relative concentrations of electronic states of elements such as cobalt (Co"2"+ and Co"3"+), iron (Fe"2"+ and Fe"3"+) and manganese (Mn"2"+ and Mn"3"+) oxidation states were studied from XPS and it is found that 55% of Fe ions are in Fe"2"+ state and the remaining is in Fe"3"+ state and thus the cationic distribution of Fe ions occurred in both tetrahedral and octahedral sites. SEM analysis

  12. Catalytic activity of bimetallic AuPd alloys supported MgO and MnO2 nanostructures and their role in selective aerobic oxidation of alcohols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamed Alshammari

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The use of metal oxides as supports for gold and palladium (Au-Pd nano alloys constitutes new horizons to improve catalysts materials for very important reactions. From the literatures, Pd-based bimetallic nanostructures have great properties and active catalytic performance. In this study, nanostructures of magnesium oxide (MgO and manganese dioxide (MnO₂ were synthesised and utilized as supports for Au-Pd nanoparticle catalysts. Gold and palladium were deposited on these supports using sol-immobilisation method. The MgO and MnO2 supported Au-Pd catalysts were evaluated for the oxidation of benzyl alcohol and 1-octanol, respectively. These catalysts were found to be more selective, active and reusable than the corresponding monometallic Au and Pd catalysts. The effect of base supports on the disproportionation reaction during the oxidation process was investigated. The results show that MgO stopped the disproportionation reaction for both aromatic and aliphatic alcohols while MnO₂ stopped it in the case of benzyl alcohol only. The outcomes of this work shed light on the selective aerobic oxidation of alcohols using bimetallic Au-Pd nanoalloys and pave the way to a complete investigation of more basic metal oxides for various aliphatic alcohols.

  13. Enhanced persistent red luminescence in Mn2+-doped (Mg,Zn)GeO3 by electron trap and conduction band engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katayama, Yumiko; Kayumi, Tomohiro; Ueda, Jumpei; Tanabe, Setsuhisa

    2018-05-01

    The effect of Zn substitution on the persistent luminescence properties of MgGeO3:Mn2+-Ln3+ (Ln = Eu and Yb) red phosphors was investigated. The intensity of the persistent luminescence of the Eu3+ co-doped phosphors increased with increasing Zn content, whereas that of the Yb3+ co-doped samples decreased. For both series of lanthanide co-doped samples, the thermoluminescence (TL) glow peak shifted to the lower temperature side with increasing Zn content. These persistent luminescence properties were well explained in terms of lowering of the bottom of the conduction band relative to the ground state of the divalent lanthanide ions. Especially, in Eu3+ co-doped system, TL peak shifted from 520 K to 318 K by 50% Zn substitution. The persistent radiance of the (Mg0.5 Zn0.5)GeO3: Mn2+-Eu3+ sample at 1 h after ceasing UV light was 46 times stronger than that of MgGeO3:Mn2+-Eu3+, and 11 times stronger than that of ZnGa2O4: Cr3+ standard deep red persistent phosphor.

  14. Cationic Intermixing and Reactivity at the La2 Mo2 O9 /La0.8 Sr0.2 MnO3-δ Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrolyte-Cathode Interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravella, Uday K; Liu, Jingjing; Corbel, Gwenaël; Skinner, Stephen J; Lacorre, Philippe

    2016-08-23

    Among standard high-temperature cathode materials for solid oxide fuel cells, La0.8 Sr0.2 MnO3-δ (LSM) displays the least reactivity with the oxide-ion conductor La2 Mo2 O9 (LMO), yet a reaction is observed at high processing temperatures, identified by using XRD and focused ion beam secondary-ion mass spectrometry (FIB-SIMS) after annealing at 1050 and 1150 °C. Additionally, Sr and Mn solutions were deposited and annealed on LMO pellets, as well as a Mo solution on a LSM pellet. From these studies several reaction products were identified by using XRD and located by using FIB-SIMS on the surface of pelletised samples. We used depth profiling to show that the reactivity extended up to ∼10 μm from the surface region. If Sr was present, a SrMoO4 -type scheelite phase was always observed as a reaction product, and if Mn was present, LaMnO3+δ single crystals were observed on the surface of the LMO pellets. Additional phases such as La2 MoO6 and La6 MoO12 were also detected depending on the configuration and annealing temperature. Reaction mechanisms and detailed reaction formulae are proposed to explain these observations. The strongest driving force for cationic diffusion appears to originate from Mo(6+) and Mn(3+) cations, rather than from Sr(2+) . © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. The effect of age on Br, Ca, Cl, K, Mg, Mn, and Na mass fraction in pediatric and young adult prostate glands investigated by neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zaichick, Vladimir; Zaichick, Sofia

    2013-01-01

    The effect of age on chemical element mass fractions in intact prostate of 50 apparently healthy 0–30 year old males was investigated by neutron activation analysis with high resolution spectrometry of short-lived radionuclides. Mean values (M±SΕΜ) for mass fraction (mg kg −1 , dry mass basis) of chemical elements before the time of puberty and in the period of puberty and post-puberty were: Br 46.0±6.7, Ca 1151±140, Cl 14572±700, K 10147±700, Mg 771±131, Mn 2.13±0.25, Na 9880±659 and Br 29.0±4.6, Ca 2049±364, Cl 11518±1121, K 13029±542, Mg 1186±134, Mn 1.74±0.16, Na 9887±716, respectively. A tendency of age-related increase in Ca, K, and Mg mass fraction and of age-related decrease in Br mass fraction was observed in period of life from 0 to 30 years. This new data indicates that of the elements studied, only the Ca, K, and Mg mass fraction in prostate tissue is an androgen-dependent parameter

  16. A Structural Study on the Foaming Behavior of CaO-SiO2-MO (MO = MgO, FeO, or Al2O3) Ternary Slag System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Youngjoo; Min, Dong Joon

    2017-12-01

    The foaming index of the CaO-SiO2-MO (MO = MgO, FeO, or Al2O3) ternary slag system with a fixed CaO/SiO2 ratio is measured to understand the effect of the ionic structure. At 1773 K (1500 °C), the foaming index of the slag increases with Al2O3 addition and decreases with MgO or FeO addition at a fixed CaO/SiO2 ratio. It is verified that the previous correlation between the foaming index and the physical properties could also be valid for the CaO-SiO2-(MgO or Al2O3) system. Raman spectroscopy for the CaO/SiO2 = 1.0 slag is applied to explain the foaming behavior from an ionic structural perspective. From the ionic structural viewpoint, the fractional change in each silicate anion unit is identified by de-convoluted Raman spectra. The Raman spectra indicate that the silicate network structure is polymerized with Al2O3 as an aluminosilicate structure; in contrast, de-polymerization occurs by MgO or FeO addition. Furthermore, the relationship between the silicate structure and the thermodynamic stability function is discussed. Since the ionic structure of the molten slag affects various physical/thermodynamic properties, the foaming behavior could be successfully interpreted from the ionic structural viewpoint.

  17. Welding and corrosion resistance of the new nitrogen alloyed steel X2 CrNiMnMoN241764

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arit, N.; Henser, H.; GroB, V.

    1994-01-01

    Remanit 4565 S is a new developed nitrogen alloyed austenitic stainless steel. Characteristic features are: improved strength and toughness, delayed precipitation of carbides and intermetallic phases, improved corrosion resistance. Welding fabrication is possible without the risk of pore formation. TIG-welded joints are as resistant as the base metal, using filler metal SG-NiCr 20 Mo 15 (Thermanit Nimo C) respectively SG-NiCr 28 Mo(Thermanit 30/40 E) according to the area of application. (Author) 8 refs

  18. Temperature dependent luminescence and energy transfer properties of Na2SrMg(PO4)2:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Dongling; Shang, Mengmeng; Zhang, Yang; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2013-11-21

    Eu(2+) singly and Eu(2+)/Mn(2+) co-doped Na2SrMg(PO4)2 (NSMP) phosphors have been prepared via a high-temperature solid-state reaction process. Upon UV excitation of 260-360 nm, the NSMP:xEu(2+) phosphors exhibit a violet band located at 399 nm and a blue band centered at 445 nm, which originate from Eu(2+) ions occupying two different crystallographic sites: Eu(2+)(I) and Eu(2+)(II), respectively. Excitation wavelengths longer than 380 nm can selectively excite Eu(2+)(II) to emit blue light. Energy transfer processes in the Eu(2+)(I)-Eu(2+)(II) and Eu(2+)-Mn(2+) pairs have been observed and investigated by luminescence spectra and decay curves. The emission color of as-prepared samples can be tuned by changing the relative concentrations of Eu(2+) and Mn(2+) ions and adjusting the excitation wavelength. Under UV excitation of 323 nm, the absolute quantum yield of NSMP:0.005Eu(2+) is 91%, which is higher than most of the other Eu(2+)-doped phosphors reported previously. The temperature dependent luminescence properties and decay curves (4.3-450 K) of NSMP:Eu(2+) and NSMP:Eu(2+), Mn(2+) phosphors have been studied in detail. Thermal quenching of Eu(2+) has been observed while the emission band of Mn(2+) shows a blue-shift and an abnormal increase of intensity with increasing temperature. The unusual thermal quenching behavior indicates that the NSMP compound can serve as a good lattice host for Mn(2+) ions which can be used as a red-emitting phosphor. Additionally, the lifetimes for Eu(2+)(I) and Eu(2+)(II) increase with increasing temperatures.

  19. Evaluation of the levels of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in Perna perna Mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca, Bivalvia) collected in coast of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seo, Daniele; Vasconcellos, Marina B.A.; Saiki, Mitiki; Catharino, Marilia G.M.; Moreira, Edson G.; Sousa, Eduinetty C.P.M. de

    2013-01-01

    In this study the content of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V was evaluated in samples of Perna perna mussels collected in coastal regions of Sao Paulo (Ponta de Itaipu and Palmas Island, in Santos) subjected to anthropogenic contamination, to compare these values with those of mussels from reference site of Cocanha Beach (in Caraguatatuba). The mussels were collected seasonally from September 2008 to July 2009. They were cleaned, ground, homogenized, lyophilized and then analyzed by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). The INAA procedure consisted in the irradiation of the samples and synthetic elemental standards for 8 and 10 s, under a thermal neutron flux of 6.6 x 10 12 n cm -2 s -1 in the IEA-R1 nuclear research reactor. For quality control of analytical results, certified reference materials NIST 1566b Oyster Tissue and NIST 2876 Mussel Tissue were analyzed and their results indicated good accuracy. The ranges of concentrations (dry basis) of the elements obtained in mussels collected for the four seasons of the year were: 173.80 to 358.99 mg kg -1 for Br; 45658 ± 1811 to 109166 ± 824 mg kg -1 for Cl; 7043 ± 856 to 12506 ± 675 mg kg -1 for K; 2774 ± 211 to 5691 ± 717 mg kg -1 for Mg; 7.01 ± 0.30 to 29.74 ± 3.32 mg kg -1 for Mn and 0.77 ± 0.02 to 3.43 ± 0.28 mg kg -1 for V. The seasonal and spatial variations of these element concentrations were in this study. (author)

  20. Evaluation of the levels of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in Perna perna Mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca, Bivalvia) collected in coast of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Daniele; Vasconcellos, Marina B.A.; Saiki, Mitiki; Catharino, Marilia G.M.; Moreira, Edson G., E-mail: danyseo@uol.com.br, E-mail: mbvascon@ipen.br, E-mail: mitiko@ipen.br, E-mail: mgcatharino@uol.com.br, E-mail: emoreira@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Sousa, Eduinetty C.P.M. de, E-mail: edvinett@usp.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IO/USP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Instituto Oceanografico. Laboratorio de Ecotoxicologia Marinha e Microfitobentos

    2013-07-01

    In this study the content of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V was evaluated in samples of Perna perna mussels collected in coastal regions of Sao Paulo (Ponta de Itaipu and Palmas Island, in Santos) subjected to anthropogenic contamination, to compare these values with those of mussels from reference site of Cocanha Beach (in Caraguatatuba). The mussels were collected seasonally from September 2008 to July 2009. They were cleaned, ground, homogenized, lyophilized and then analyzed by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). The INAA procedure consisted in the irradiation of the samples and synthetic elemental standards for 8 and 10 s, under a thermal neutron flux of 6.6 x 10{sup 12} n cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} in the IEA-R1 nuclear research reactor. For quality control of analytical results, certified reference materials NIST 1566b Oyster Tissue and NIST 2876 Mussel Tissue were analyzed and their results indicated good accuracy. The ranges of concentrations (dry basis) of the elements obtained in mussels collected for the four seasons of the year were: 173.80 to 358.99 mg kg{sup -1} for Br; 45658 ± 1811 to 109166 ± 824 mg kg{sup -1} for Cl; 7043 ± 856 to 12506 ± 675 mg kg{sup -1} for K; 2774 ± 211 to 5691 ± 717 mg kg{sup -1} for Mg; 7.01 ± 0.30 to 29.74 ± 3.32 mg kg{sup -1} for Mn and 0.77 ± 0.02 to 3.43 ± 0.28 mg kg{sup -1} for V. The seasonal and spatial variations of these element concentrations were in this study. (author)

  1. Seasonal Trends and Inter-Individual Heterogeneity: A multi-species record of Mg, Sr, Ba, & Mn in Planktic Foraminifera from the Modern Cariaco Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, C. V.; Thunell, R.; Astor, Y. M.

    2017-12-01

    The trace element to calcium ratios (TE/Ca) of planktic foraminifera shells are a valuable tool for paleoceanographic reconstructions, and represent a combination of environmental, ecological and biological signals. We present here a three-year record (2010-2013) of TE/Ca (Mg, Sr, Ba, Mn) from four species of foraminifera (Orbulina universa, Globigerina ruber, Globigerinella siphonifera, and Globorotalia menardii) collected by plankton tow in the modern Cariaco basin. Each tow is paired with in situ measurements of water column properties, allowing a direct comparison between shell geochemistry and calcification environment. A combination of Laser Ablation and solution ICP-MS analyses are used to document seasonality, primarily due to the alternating influence of wind-driven coastal upwelling and riverine inputs, in shell TE/Ca. Individual shell data further allows for the quantification of trace element heterogeneity among individual shells within single tows. All TE/Ca ratios vary temporally and show inter-individual variability within single tows. The spread in TE/Ca differs between element and species, with Mg/Ca ratios being the most variable. Despite this, Mg/Ca still tracks temperature changes in G. ruber, O. universa, and G. menardii, with G. ruber most closely reproducing sea surface temperature. Some species show chamber-to-chamber differences in trace element ratios, with G. ruber Mg/Ca and Ba/Ca decreasing in younger chambers (but not other elements) and Mg/Ca, Mn/Ca and Ba/Ca decreasing in younger chambers in G. siphonifera. We find the original Mn/Ca to be variable both temporally and between species, with G. menardii in some samples having extremely high ratios (100 μmol/mol). Assessing seasonal trends and environmental drivers of TE/Ca variability and quantifying the extent of inter-individual heterogeneity in these species will inform the use of their shells as geochemical proxies.

  2. The effects of the local fracture stress and carbides on the cleavage fracture characteristics of Mn-Mo-Ni low alloy steels in the transition region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Won Jon; Huh, Moo Young; Roh, Sung Joo; Lee, Bong Sang; Oh, Yong Jun; Hong, Jun Hwa

    2000-01-01

    In the ductile-brittle transition temperature region of SA508 C1.3 Mn-Mo-Ni low alloy steels, the relationship of the local fracture stress and carbides influencing the cleavage fracture behavior was investigated. Based on the ASTM E1921-97 standard method, the reference transition temperatures were determined by three point bending fracture toughness tests. A local fracture stress σ f * , was determined from a theoretical stress distribution in front of crack tip using the cleavage initiation distance measured in each fractured specimen surface. The local fracture stress values showed a strong relationship with toughness characteristics of the materials and those were larger in the materials of smaller carbide size. Quantitative analysis of carbides showed that carbides larger than a certain size are mainly responsible for the cleavage fracture in the ductile-brittle transition temperature region. (author)

  3. Effects of air melting on Fe/0.3/3Cr/0.5Mo/2Mn and Fe/0.3C/3Cr/0.5Mo/2Ni structural alloy steels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Steinberg, B.

    1979-06-01

    Changing production methods of a steel from vacuum melting to air melting can cause an increase in secondary particles, such as oxides and nitrides, which may have detrimental effects on the mechanical properties and microstructure of the alloy. In the present study a base alloy of Fe/0.3C/3Cr/0.5Mo with either 2Mn or 2Ni added was produced by air melting and its mechanical properties and microstructure were compared to an identical vacuum melted steel. Significant differences in mechanical behavior, morphology, and volume fraction of undissolved inclusions have been observed as a function of composition following air melting. For the alloy containing manganese, all properties remained very close to vacuum melted values but the 2Ni alloy displayed a marked loss in Charpy impact toughness and plane strain fracture toughness. This loss is attributed to an increase in volume fraction of secondary particles in the nickel alloy, as opposed to both the Mn alloy and vacuum melted alloys, as well as to substaintially increased incidence of linear coalescence of voids. Microstructural features are discussed

  4. Magnetic and transport properties of Cu1.05Cr0.89 Mg0.05O2 and Cu0.96Cr0.95 Mg0.05Mn0.04O2 films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xu Qingyu; Schmidt, Heidemarie; Zhou Shengqiang; Potzger, Kay; Helm, Manfred; Hochmuth, Holger; Lorenz, Michael; Meinecke, Christoph; Grundmann, Marius

    2008-01-01

    We prepared conductive, polycrystalline or amorphous Cu 1.05 Cr 0.89 Mg 0.05 O 2 films on a-plane sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition under different O 2 partial pressure and substrate temperature. Hall measurements were performed to study the majority carrier type in these films. Polycrystalline Cu 1.05 Cr 0.89 Mg 0.05 O 2 is n-type conducting at 290 K, while in amorphous Cu 1.05 Cr 0.89 Mg 0.05 O 2 the type of majority charge carriers changes from electrons to holes at around 270 K. Interestingly, the structure has little influence on the magnetic properties of the films. A clear antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition was observed in both polycrystalline and amorphous Cu 1.05 Cr 0.89 Mg 0.05 O 2 films at 25 K. Similar electrical properties to Cu 1.05 Cr 0.89 Mg 0.05 O 2 film were observed for Cu 0.96 Cr 0.95 Mg 0.05 Mn 0.04 O 2 in dependence on the structure, while only paramagnetic without antiferromagnetic ordering was observed down to 5 K. Large negative magnetoresistance of 27% at 20 K was observed at 6 T in amorphous Cu 1.05 Cr 0.89 Mg 0.05 O 2 film

  5. Chemical vapor deposition and electric characterization of perovskite oxides LaMO3 (M=Co, Fe, Cr and Mn) thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ngamou, Patrick Herve Tchoua; Bahlawane, Naoufal

    2009-01-01

    Oxides with a perovskite structure are important functional materials often used for the development of modern devices. In view of extending their applicability, it is necessary to efficiently control their growth as thin films using technologically relevant synthesis methods. Pulsed spray evaporation CVD was used to grow several perovskite-type oxides on planar silicon substrates at temperatures ranging from 500 to 700 deg. C. The optimization of the process control parameters allows the attainment of the perovskite structure as a single phase. The electrical characterization using the temperature-dependent conductivity and thermopower indicates the p-type conduction of the grown films and shows a decreasing concentration of the charge carrier, mobility and band gap energy in the sequence LaCoO 3 >LaMnO 3 >LaCrO 3 >LaFeO 3 . The investigation of the electric properties of the obtained perovskite thin films shows the versatility of CVD as a method for the development of innovative devices. - Graphical abstract: We report a single step deposition of perovskite thin films LaMO 3 (M: Co, Mn, Cr, Fe) using pulsed spray evaporation chemical vapor deposition. Electrical and thermopower properties, similar to these of bulk materials, could promote the development of modern thermoelectric devices based on thin films technology.

  6. Influence of Pr in the microstructure and electrical properties in LaPrMgAlMnCoNi based alloys for using for Ni-MH batteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galdino, Gabriel Souza

    2011-01-01

    The La 0.7-x Pr x Mg 0.3 Al 0.3 Mn- 0.4 Co 0.5 Ni 3.8 (x= 0 a 0.7) as-cast alloys to apply in negative electrodes for nickel-metal hydride batteries (Ni-MH). The characterizations of the alloys were realized by: scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) and X-ray diffraction techniques. A study of hydrogen absorption capacity of the alloys realized. The hydrogenation of the material was performed in two processes: the low pressure (0.2 MPa of hydrogen and temperature of the 773 K) and high pressure (1 MPa of hydrogen and temperature of the 298 K). It was observed that with increasing Pr content occurred a decrease the hydrogen absorption capacity. The capacity of discharge of the batteries was determined utilizing an analyzer digital computerized composed of four channels. It was observed decreases of the discharge capacity of the batteries when increase praseodymium content in La 0.7- x Pr x Mg 0.3 Al 0.3 Mn 0.4 Co 0.5 Ni-3 .8 (x= 0 a 0.3) alloys. The highest discharge capacity (386 mAhg -1 ) and stability cyclic were obtained to La 0.2 Pr 0.5 Mg 0.3 Al 0.3 Mn 0.4 Co 0.5 Ni 3.8 alloy. This capacity can be related to the higher proportion of phase LaMg 2 Ni 9 in the alloy with the addition of 0.5 at.% Pr. (author)

  7. Characterization of natural microporous metal-oxides: the case of todorokite ([Mn2+,Ca,Mg]Mn4+3O7.H2O)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Godelitsas, A.; Misaelides, P; Katranas, T.; Klewe-Nebenius, H.; Triantafyllidis, C.; Pavlidou, E.; Anousis, I.

    1998-01-01

    Todorokite is a naturally occurring hydrous Mn-oxide exhibiting a complicated chemical composition. It shows a referred unusual crystal structure characterized by the presence of micropores (tunnels) with a free aperture of 0.69 x 0.69 nm and therefore exceptional physicochemical properties. In order to define the compositional and structural characteristics of the mineral and especially its physicochemical properties. For this purpose a number of characterization techniques were used including XRD, SEM-EDS, XRF, AAS, FT-IR, XPS, TPD, Z-potential measurements and TG/TDA combined with micro-porosimetry. The obtained results were compared to relevant ones concerning other natural microporous materials (e.g. clays, zeolites, micas) and were used to predict potential applications of the material.(author)

  8. Neutron activation analysis of Ca, Cl, K, Mg, Mn, Na, P, and Sr contents in the crowns of human permanent teeth

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zaichick, V.

    2009-01-01

    The effect of age and gender on chemical element contents in intact crowns of permanent teeth of 84 apparently healthy 15-55 year old women (n 38) and men (n = 46) was investigated. Mass fractions of Ca, Cl, K, Mg, Mn, Na, P, and Sr in crowns were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis using short-lived radionuclides. Mean values (M ± SEL) for female and male combined were (on dry weight basis): 350 ± 5 g/kg, 2920± 150 mg/kg, 839 ± 80 mg/kg, 4880 ± 240 mg/kg, 3.20 ± 0.30 mg/kg, 6240 ± 140 mg/kg, 181 ± 4 g/kg, and 293 ± 24 mg/kg respectively. A statistically significant decrease of Sr (P ≤ 0.01) and increase of Na (P ≤ 0.01) content in the tooth crowns with age was found for women. Sex-related comparison did not show any differences. (author)

  9. Fabrication of fully epitaxial magnetic tunnel junctions with a Co2MnSi thin film and a MgO tunnel barrier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kijima, H.; Ishikawa, T.; Marukame, T.; Matsuda, K.-I.; Uemura, T.; Yamamoto, M.

    2007-01-01

    Fully epitaxial magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) were fabricated with a Co-based full-Heusler alloy Co 2 MnSi (CMS) thin film having the ordered L2 1 structure as a lower electrode, a MgO tunnel barrier, and a Co 50 Fe 50 upper electrode. Reflection high-energy electron diffraction patterns observed in situ for each layer in the MTJ layer structure during fabrication clearly indicated that all layers of the CMS lower electrode, MgO tunnel barrier, and Co 50 Fe 50 upper electrode grew epitaxially. The microfabricated fully epitaxial CMS/MgO/Co 50 Fe 50 MTJs demonstrated relatively high tunnel magnetoresistance ratios of 90% at room temperature and 192% at 4.2 K

  10. Microstructure and mechanical properties of Mg-Al-Mn-Ca alloy sheet produced by twin roll casting and sequential warm rolling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Yinong; Kang, Suk Bong; Cho, Jaehyung

    2011-01-01

    Research highlights: → This work, taking AM30 + 0.2Ca alloy as experimental material, will provide some new information as follows: one is microstructural difference between twin roll cast and ingot cast AM31-0.2Ca alloy. The other is the comparison of tensile properties after warm rolling and annealing. Suggesting the possibility of the development of wrought magnesium alloy sheets by strip casting. - Abstract: Microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of twin roll cast (TRC) Mg-3.3 wt.%Al-0.8 wt.%Mn-0.2 wt.%Ca (AM31 + 0.2Ca) alloy strip during warm rolling and subsequent annealing were investigated in this paper. The as-TRC alloy strip shows columnar dendrites in surface and equiaxed dendrites in center regions, as well as finely dispersed primary Al 8 Mn 5 particles on interdendritic boundaries which result in the beneficial effect on microstructural refinement of strip casting. The warm rolled sheets show intensively deformed band or shear band structures, as well as finely and homogeneously dispersed Al-Mn particles. No evident dynamic recrystallization (DRX) takes place during warm rolling process, which is more likely attributed to the finely dispersed particle and high solid solution of Al and Mn atoms in α-Mg matrix. After annealing at 350 deg. C for 1 h, the warm rolled TRC sheets show fine equiaxed grains around 7.8 μm in average size. It has been shown that the present TRC alloy sheet has superior tensile strength and comparative elongation compared to commercial ingot cast (IC) one, suggesting the possibility of the development of wrought magnesium alloy sheets by twin roll strip casting processing. The microstructural evolution during warm rolling and subsequent annealing as well as the resulting tensile properties were analyzed and discussed.

  11. Use of multivariate statistical tool for data processing in the analysis of Cu, Cr, Fe, Pb, Mo and Mg in lubricating oil by LIBS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alves, Luana F.N.; Sarkis, Jorge E.S.; Bordon, Isabela C.A.C.

    2015-01-01

    Analysis of industrial lubricants is widely used for monitoring and predicting maintenance requirements in a broad range of mechanical systems. Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy has been used to evaluate the potentiality of the technique for the determination of metals in lubricating oils. Prior to quantitative analysis, the LIBS system was calibrated using standard samples containing the elements investigated (Cu, Cr, Fe, Pb, Mo and Mg). This study presents the usefulness of multivariate statistical techniques for evaluation and interpretation of large complex data sets in order to get more information about concentration of metals in oils lubricants is related to engine wear. (author)

  12. Electrochemical hydrogen storage behaviour of as-cast and as-spun RE-Mg-Ni-Mn-based alloys applied to Ni-MH battery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Yanghuan; Hou, Zhonghui; Hu, Feng [Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou (China). Key Laboratory of Integrated Exploitation of Baiyun Obo Multi-Metal Resources; Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Beijing (China). Dept. of Functional Material Research; Cai, Ying [Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou (China). Key Laboratory of Integrated Exploitation of Baiyun Obo Multi-Metal Resources; Qi, Yan; Zhao, Dongliang [Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Beijing (China). Dept. of Functional Material Research

    2016-09-15

    La-Mg-Ni-Mn-based AB{sub 2}-type La{sub 1-x}Ce{sub x}MgNi{sub 3.5}Mn{sub 0.5} (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4) alloys were fabricated by melt spinning. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy revealed that the experimental alloys consisted of a major phase LaMgNi{sub 4} and a secondary phase LaNi{sub 5}. The Ce substitution for La and melt spinning refined the grains of the alloys clearly. Electrochemical tests showed that the as-cast and as-spun alloys exhibited excellent activation capability. With the increase in the spinning rate and Ce content, the discharge capacities of the alloys initially increased and then decreased, whereas their cycle stabilities always increased. Moreover, the electrochemical kinetics of the alloys initially increased and then decreased with the growth of Ce content and spinning rate. The major reason leading to the capacity degradation of the alloy electrodes was determined to be the pulverisation of the alloy particles and the corrosion and oxidation of the alloy surface.

  13. ⁵³Mn-⁵³Cr and ²⁶Al-²⁶Mg ages of a feldspathic lithology in polymict ureilites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goodrich, Cyrena Anne [Planetary Science Institute. Tucson, AZ (United States); Hutcheon, Ian D. [Glenn T. Seaborg Institute. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kita, Noriko T. [Dept. of Geoscience. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Huss, Gary R. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Huntsville, AL (United States); Cohen, Barbara Anne [Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology. Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States); Keil, Klaus

    2010-07-01

    We report 53Mn–53Cr and 26Al–26Mg isotopic data, obtained by in-situ SIMS analysis, for feldspathic clasts in polymict ureilites DaG 319 and DaG 165. The analyzed clasts belong to the “albitic lithology,” the most abundant population of indigenous feldspathic materials in polymict ureilites, and are highly fractionated igneous assemblages of albitic plagioclase, Fe-rich pyroxenes, phosphates, ilmenite, silica, and Fe(Mn, K, P, Ti)-enriched glass. Glass in DaG 165 clast 19 has extremely high and variable 55Mn/52Cr ratios (500–58,000) and shows correlated 53Cr excesses up to ~ 1500‰, clearly indicating the presence of live 53Mn at the time of formation. The slope of the well-correlated isochron defined by glass and pyroxenes from this clast corresponds to (53Mn/55Mn) = (2.84 ± 0.10) × 10-6 (2σ). Data for less 55Mn/52Cr-enriched glasses from DaG 319 clast B1, as well as phosphates from several other clasts, are consistent with this isochron. The 53Mn/55Mn ratio obtained from the isochron implies that these clasts are 0.70 ± 0.18 Ma younger than the D'Orbigny angrite, corresponding to the absolute age of 4563.72 ± 0.22 Ma. Plagioclase in DaG 319 clast B1 has a fairly constant 27Al/24Mg ratio of ~ 900 and shows resolvable 26Mg excesses of ~ 2‰. The slope of the isochron defined by pyroxene and plagioclase in this clast is (3.0 ± 1.1) × 10-7 (2σ), corresponding to a time difference of 5.4 (-0.3/+0.5) Ma after CAI (assuming the canonical initial 26Al/27Al ratio of 5 × 10-5) and an age 0.5 (-0.3/+0.5) Ma younger than D'Orbigny. Its absolute age (relative to D'Orbigny) is 4563.9 (+ 0.4/-0.5) Ma, in agreement with the 53Mn–53Cr age from clast 19. These data provide the first

  14. Synthesis and structural studies of Mg doped LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murali, N.; Margarette, S. J.; Madhuri Sailaja, J.; Kondala Rao, V.; Himakar, P.; Kishore Babu, B.; Veeraiah, V.

    2018-02-01

    Layered Mg doped LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2 materials have been synthesized by sol-gel method. The physical properties of these materials were examined by XRD, FESEM and FT-IR studies. From XRD patterns, the phase formation of α-NaFeO2 layered structure with R\\bar 3m space group is confirmed. The surface morphology of the synthesized materials has been examined by FESEM analysis in which the average particle size is found to be about 2 - 2.5 µm. These materials show some changes in the local ion environment, as examined by FT-IR studies.

  15. Crystal structure refinement and microwave dielectric properties of new low dielectric loss AZrNb2O8 (A: Mn, Zn, Mg and Co) ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramarao, S.D.; Murthy, V.R.K.

    2013-01-01

    Graphical abstract: -- The effects of substituting different cations (Mn, Zn, Mg and Co) at the A-site of AZrNb 2 O 8 compounds on structural parameters such as packing fraction and B-site octahedral distortion were studied using X-ray powder diffraction in conjunction with Rietveld refinement. Variations in the dielectric constant (ε r ) were explained by the ionic polarizability of the compositions. The quality factor (Q × f) and temperature coefficient of resonant frequency (τ f ) were correlated with the packing fraction and B-site octahedral distortions (δ) in these compositions, respectively

  16. Electronic Phase Separation in Pr1x(Ca, Sr)xMnO3δ and Tunneling Magnetoresistance in Sr2FeMoO6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niebieskikwiat, Dario

    2003-01-01

    In this work, we approach two aspects of the physics of magnetic perovskites presenting colossal magnetoresistance (CMR). Firstly, we go deeply into the phase separation (PS) between the ferromagnetic (FM) metallic state and the antiferro-magnetic (AFM) charge ordered (CO) insulating state, in manganites of the type Pr 1x (Ca,Sr) x MnO 3δ . Secondly, and more briefly, we analyze the problem of the influence of the grain boundary insulating barriers on the tunneling magnetoresistance in the Sr 2 FeMoO 6 double perovskite.The use of different measurement techniques allowed us to make a complete characterization of the PS state in the compounds Pr 0 .65Ca 0.35-y Sr y MnO 3 for 0≤ y ≤ 0.20, Pr 0 .5Sr 0.5-z Ca z MnO 3 for z = 0, 0.1 and 0.2 and Pr 1 -x Ca x-0.3 Sr 0 .3MnO 3 (0.46≤ x ≤ 0.54), that were prepared in our laboratory.The structural studies of these materials were performed at room temperature by means of X-ray diffraction. At low temperatures, the phase coexistence was observed by global magnetic techniques, as SQUID magnetometry and neutron diffraction, as well as measurements sensitive to the local magnetic environment, as electron spin resonance (ESR).The electrical characterization, performed through resistivity and thermoelectric power (Seebeck effect) measurements, allowed us to elucidate the characteristics of the metal-insulator transitions, which are directly related to the magnetic properties of the PS state. In Pr 0 .65Ca 0.35-y Sr y MnO 3 compound we studied the effects of the average ionic radius of the A site of the perovskite ( A > ) keeping constant the carrier concentration (x = 0.35). This material presents an evolution from a CO insulating phase for small A > (y =0), towards the FM metallic phase for large A > (y = 0.20). In the intermediate region, where a first order metal-insulator transition occurs, the strong competition between both phases induces the PS state in a wide temperature range. In order to quantify this coexistence

  17. Determinação direta de Ca, Mg, Mn e Zn em amostras de leite de búfala da Ilha de Marajó por espectrometria de absorção atômica com chama (FAAS Direct determination of Ca, Mg, Mn and Zn in buffalo milk of the Marajó Island by FAAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João B. Pereira Junior

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This work proposes an analytical procedure for direct determination of calcium, magnesium, manganese and zinc in buffalo milk by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS. Samples were diluted with a solution containing 10% (v/v of water-soluble tertiary amines (CFA-C at pH 8. For comparison, buffalo milk samples were digested with HNO3 and H2O2. According to a paired t-test, the results obtained in the determination of Ca, Mg, Mn and Zn in digested samples and in 10% (v/v CFA-C medium were in agreement at a 95% confidence level. The developed procedure is simple, rapid, decrease the possibility of contamination and can be applied for the routine determination of Ca, Mg, Mn and Zn in buffalo milk samples without any difficulty caused by matrix constituents, such as fat content, and particle size distribution in the milk emulsion.

  18. Influence of SaOS-2 cells on corrosion behavior of cast Mg-2.0Zn0.98Mn magnesium alloy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witecka, Agnieszka; Yamamoto, Akiko; Święszkowski, Wojciech

    2017-02-01

    In this research, the effect of the presence of living cells (SaOS-2) on in vitro degradation of Mg-2.0Zn-0.98Mn (ZM21) magnesium alloy was examined by two methods simple immersion/cell culture tests and electrochemical measurements (electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarization) under cell culture conditions. In immersion/cell culture tests, when SaOS-2 cells were cultured on ZM21 samples, pH of cell culture medium decreased, therefore weight loss and Mg 2+ ion release from the samples increased. Electrochemical measurements revealed the presence of living cells increased corrosion rate (I corr ) and decreased polarization resistance (R p ) after 48h of incubation. This acceleration of ZM21 corrosion can mainly be attributed to the decrease of medium pH due to cellular metabolic activities. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Chromium-free conversion coatings based on inorganic salts (Zr/Ti/Mn/Mo) for aluminum alloys used in aircraft applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santa Coloma, P.; Izagirre, U.; Belaustegi, Y.; Jorcin, J.B.; Cano, F.J.; Lapeña, N.

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Chromium-free conversion coatings for corrosion protection of aluminum alloys. • Salt spray and potentiodynamic sweep tests to study the corrosion behavior. • Local deposits on Cu-rich intermetallic particles enhanced corrosion resistance. • Surface characterization to relate bath's composition and corrosion resistance. • Best corrosion protection with conversion baths without titanium salts. - Abstract: Novel chromium-free conversion coatings based on Zr/Ti/Mn/Mo compounds were developed at a pilot scale to improve the corrosion resistance of the AA2024-T3 and AA7075-T6 aluminum alloys for aircraft applications. The influence of the presence of Zr and Ti in the Zr/Ti/Mn/Mo conversion bath's formulation on the corrosion resistance of the coated alloys was investigated. The corrosion resistance provided by the conversion coatings was evaluated by salt spray exposure and potentiodynamic sweeps. Optical and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) operating in the Kelvin Probe mode (SKPFM) were used to provide microstructural information of the coated samples that achieved the best results in the corrosion tests. The salt spray test evidenced the higher corrosion resistance of the coated samples compared to the bare surfaces for both alloys. The potentiodynamic tests showed that the corrosion current density decreased for coated AA7075-T6 and AA2024-T3 alloys, which indicated an obvious improvement of the corrosion resistance with all the processes for both alloys. Although the corrosion resistance of the coated samples appeared to be higher for the alloy AA7075-T6 than for the alloy AA2024-T3, both alloys achieved the best corrosion protection with the coatings deposited from conversion bath formulations containing no titanium salts. The microscopy analysis on the coated AA7075-T6 samples revealed that a local deposition of Zr compounds and, possibly, an

  20. Chromium-free conversion coatings based on inorganic salts (Zr/Ti/Mn/Mo) for aluminum alloys used in aircraft applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santa Coloma, P., E-mail: patricia.santacoloma@tecnalia.com [TECNALIA Research & Innovation, Parque Tecnológico de San Sebastián, Mikeletegi Pasealekua 2, E-20009 Donostia-San Sebastián, Gipuzkoa (Spain); Izagirre, U.; Belaustegi, Y.; Jorcin, J.B.; Cano, F.J. [TECNALIA Research & Innovation, Parque Tecnológico de San Sebastián, Mikeletegi Pasealekua 2, E-20009 Donostia-San Sebastián, Gipuzkoa (Spain); Lapeña, N. [Boeing Research & Technology Europe, S.L.U., Avenida Sur del Aeropuerto de Barajas 38, Building 4 – 3rd Floor, E-28042 Madrid (Spain)

    2015-08-01

    Highlights: • Chromium-free conversion coatings for corrosion protection of aluminum alloys. • Salt spray and potentiodynamic sweep tests to study the corrosion behavior. • Local deposits on Cu-rich intermetallic particles enhanced corrosion resistance. • Surface characterization to relate bath's composition and corrosion resistance. • Best corrosion protection with conversion baths without titanium salts. - Abstract: Novel chromium-free conversion coatings based on Zr/Ti/Mn/Mo compounds were developed at a pilot scale to improve the corrosion resistance of the AA2024-T3 and AA7075-T6 aluminum alloys for aircraft applications. The influence of the presence of Zr and Ti in the Zr/Ti/Mn/Mo conversion bath's formulation on the corrosion resistance of the coated alloys was investigated. The corrosion resistance provided by the conversion coatings was evaluated by salt spray exposure and potentiodynamic sweeps. Optical and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) operating in the Kelvin Probe mode (SKPFM) were used to provide microstructural information of the coated samples that achieved the best results in the corrosion tests. The salt spray test evidenced the higher corrosion resistance of the coated samples compared to the bare surfaces for both alloys. The potentiodynamic tests showed that the corrosion current density decreased for coated AA7075-T6 and AA2024-T3 alloys, which indicated an obvious improvement of the corrosion resistance with all the processes for both alloys. Although the corrosion resistance of the coated samples appeared to be higher for the alloy AA7075-T6 than for the alloy AA2024-T3, both alloys achieved the best corrosion protection with the coatings deposited from conversion bath formulations containing no titanium salts. The microscopy analysis on the coated AA7075-T6 samples revealed that a local deposition of Zr compounds and, possibly, an

  1. Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-5Mg-0.8Mn Alloys with Various Contents of Fe and Si Cast under Near-Rapid Cooling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulin Liu

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Al-5Mg-0.8Mn alloys (AA5083 with various iron and silicon contents were cast under near-rapid cooling and rolled into sheets. The aim was to study the feasibility of minimizing the deteriorating level of the harmful Fe-rich phases on the mechanical properties through refining the intermetallics by significantly increasing the casting rate. The results showed that the size and density of the intermetallic particles that remained in the hot bands and the cold rolled sheets increased as the contents of iron and silicon in the alloys were increased. However, the increment of the particle sizes was limited due to the significant refinement of the intermetallics formed during casting under near-rapid cooling. The mechanical properties of the alloys reduced as the contents of iron and silicon in the alloys increased. However, the decrement of tensile strengths and ductility was quite small. Therefore, higher contents of iron and silicon could be used in the Al-5Mg-0.8Mn alloy (AA5083 alloy when the material is cast under near-rapid cooling, such as in the continuous strip casting process.

  2. Investigation on the Effect of Sub-Zero Treatment on Micro-Hardness and Microstructure of GTAW Welded Al-Si-Mg-Mn Alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devanathan, R.; Yuvarajan, D.; Christopher Selvam, D.; Venkatamuni, T.

    2018-02-01

    In this work, the effect of sub-zero treatment on the mechanical properties of an Al-Si-Mg-Mn alloy welded by GTAW (gas tungsten arc welding) leads to significant softening in the welded region. The latter is due to melting and resolidification in the welded region, which have resulted in decomposition of the strengthening precipitates. The experiments were performed on GTAW welded plates of 6 mm thickness by varying the heat inputs, namely, of 370, 317.1, 277.5, 246.4, and 222 J/mm, and sub-zero treatment time periods. The Sub-Zero treatment was performed at-45°C using dry ice; hardness and microstructure investigations were performed in the welded region of the Al‒Si-Mg-Mn alloy that was studied in two different conditions, namely, as-welded and in that formed after post weld sub-zero treatment with artificial aging. It was found that the post weld Sub-Zero treatment followed by artificial aging had led to realization of significantly higher hardness values in the welded region due to the recurrence of the precipitation sequence.

  3. Quantitative analysis of sodium di-uranate for Al, Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Na by flame-atomic absorption spectrometric method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jat, J.R.; Balaji Rao, Y.; Subba Rao, Y.

    2015-01-01

    Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC) receives Sodium Di-Uranate (SDU) from Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) for producing sinterable UO 2 pellets for manufacturing fuel sub assemblies. Several impurities present in ore find their way into SDU during its conversion. Stringent specification have been laid down by the reactor designs for achieving the optimum performance of the fuel and several impurity element like Al, Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Na among others affects severely performance of UO 2 fuel. Most of the impurity including the above mentioned elements are generally analysed by ICP-OES method. However, determination of Al, Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn and Na by ICP-OES requires lot of dilution as they are present at high levels in SDU. Apart from introducing dilution error, dilution process is very tedious and time consuming work and not a preferred choice in an industrial lab like control lab where large analytical load exists and time bound analysis is a requirement. To avoid these difficulties a simple and reliable Flame Atomic absorption spectrometric technique has been developed for regular analysis. Present method involves dissolution of SDU sample in Conc. HNO 3 and after the complete dissolution the sample solution has been evaporated to near dryness on a hot plate. Subsequently sample solution has been brought into 4N HNO 3 medium

  4. Comparative study of creep behaviour in three Cr Ni 15/15 steel stabilized with Ti and with different contents in W, Mn, Mo and Bor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solano, R.R.; Rivas, M. de las; Schirra, M.; Seith, B.

    1975-01-01

    The main difference between the three steels which are tested at temperature range from 650 0 C to 750 0 C is due to the hardening elements pf the matrix and the Boron content: 1. 12R72HV (X10NiCrMoTiB 1515) 2% Mn 1,5% Mo 80 ppmB 2. Vaccutherm (X12CrNiWTi 1613) 3% W 2,5 ppmB 3. RGT 21 (X12CrNiWTi 1613) 3% W 50 ppm B. The investigations of all casts are carried out in two different heat treatments which are suitable for the conditions required for the operation of the reactor. Cond. I: 1150 0 C 30 min, water quenced; 800 0 32 hour, air; 10% cold work. Cond. II: 1150 0 C 30 min, water quenched; 10% cold work. In connection with creep test the condition I irrespective of 3 steels show no remarkable difference. The observation at 750 0 C test temperature and also at condition II above 650 0 C on Boron-free Vaccutherm cast shows an unfavourable behaviour. There is no significant difference in the stress dependence of secondary creep rate and also absolute creep rate. A definite superiority is to be found for 12R72HV when considering the values for time-yield-limit-ratio and ductility compared to the W-steels. The test results shows different fracture behaviour. Transcrystalline fracture is found on cast 12R72HV, whereas RGT 21 and Vaccutherm show transition from transcrystalline to intercrystalline fracture, depending on the rupture time and test temperature. The long term rupture specimens show intercrystalline fracture. (author)

  5. An evaluation of phase separated, self-assembled LaMnO3-MgO nanocomposite films directly on IBAD-MgO as buffer layers for flux pinning enhancements in YBa2YCu3O7-& coated conductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polat, Ozgur [ORNL; Aytug, Tolga [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; Kim, Kyunghoon [ORNL; Qiu, Xiaofeng [ORNL; Cook, Sylvester W [ORNL; Thompson, James R [ORNL; Christen, David K [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Xiong, X. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York

    2010-01-01

    Technological applications of high temperature superconductors (HTS) require high critical current density, Jc, under operation at high magnetic field strengths. This requires effective flux pinning by introducing artificial defects through creative processing. In this work, we evaluated the feasibility of mixed-phase LaMnO3:MgO (LMO:MgO) films as a potential cap buffer layer for the epitaxial growth and enhanced performance of YBa2Cu3O7-d (YBCO) films. Such composite films were sputter deposited directly on IBAD-MgO templates (with no additional homo-epitaxial MgO layer) and revealed the formation of two phase-separated, but at the same time vertically aligned, self-assembled composite nanostructures that extend throughout the entire thickness of the film. The YBCO coatings deposited on these nanostructured cap layers showed correlated c-axis pinning and improved in-field Jc performance compared to those of YBCO films fabricated on standard LMO buffers. Microstructural characterization revealed additional extended disorder in the YBCO matrix. The present results demonstrate the feasibility of novel and potentially practical approaches in the pursuit of more efficient, economical, and high performance superconducting devices.

  6. Order parameters and magnetocrystalline anisotropy of off-stoichiometric D0{sub 22} Mn{sub 2.36}Ga epitaxial films grown on MgO (001) and SrTiO{sub 3} (001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hwachol; Sukegawa, Hiroaki, E-mail: sukegawa.hiroaki@nims.go.jp; Mitani, Seiji; Hono, Kazuhiro [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Sengen 1-2-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

    2015-07-21

    We study the relationship between long range order parameters and the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of off-stoichiometric D0{sub 22} Mn{sub 2.36}Ga (MnGa) epitaxial films grown on MgO (001) and SrTiO{sub 3} (STO) (001) single crystalline substrates. MnGa films deposited on MgO (001) show rather large irregular variation in magnetization with increasing substrate temperature in spite of the improved long range order of total atomic sites. The specific site long range order of Mn-I site characterized in the [101] orientation revealed the fluctuation of the occupation fraction of two Mn atomic sites with elevated substrate temperature, which appears more relevant to the observed magnetization change than the long range order of the total atomic sites. In case of MnGa films grown on the lattice-matched STO (001), high long range order of the total atomic sites in spite of the existence of secondary phase represents that the lattice mismatch plays a crucial role in determining the atomic arrangement of Mn and Ga atoms in the off-stoichiometric compositional case of MnGa.

  7. Synthetic nanocomposite MgH2/5 wt. % TiMn2 powders for solid-hydrogen storage tank integrated with PEM fuel cell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Eskandarany, M Sherif; Shaban, Ehab; Aldakheel, Fahad; Alkandary, Abdullah; Behbehani, Montaha; Al-Saidi, M

    2017-10-16

    Storing hydrogen gas into cylinders under high pressure of 350 bar is not safe and still needs many intensive studies dedic ated for tank's manufacturing. Liquid hydrogen faces also severe practical difficulties due to its very low density, leading to larger fuel tanks three times larger than traditional gasoline tank. Moreover, converting hydrogen gas into liquid phase is not an economic process since it consumes high energy needed to cool down the gas temperature to -252.8 °C. One practical solution is storing hydrogen gas in metal lattice such as Mg powder and its nanocomposites in the form of MgH 2 . There are two major issues should be solved first. One related to MgH 2 in which its inherent poor hydrogenation/dehydrogenation kinetics and high thermal stability must be improved. Secondly, related to providing a safe tank. Here we have succeeded to prepare a new binary system of MgH 2 /5 wt. % TiMn 2 nanocomposite powder that show excellent hydrogenation/dehydrogenation behavior at relatively low temperature (250 °C) with long cycle-life-time (1400 h). Moreover, a simple hydrogen storage tank filled with our synthetic nanocomposite powders was designed and tested in electrical charging a battery of a cell phone device at 180 °C through a commercial fuel cell.

  8. Manufacturing of ultra-large diameter 20 MnMoNi 5 5 steel forgings for reactor pressure vessels and their properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Onodera, S.; Kawaguchi, S.; Tsukada, H.; Moritani, H.; Suzuki, K.; Sato, I.

    1985-01-01

    As the structural material for RPV typical of increased dimensions, as set of ultra-large diameter steel forgings for a PHWR RPV is presented as outlined below. (1) Material designation: 20 MnMoNi 5 5 (similar to SA508, Cl.3) (2) Size of the forgings: flanges, 8.440 mm OD, a weight of 238 tons for shell flange; shells and torus, 7,920 mm OD, with large height, cover dome, 6,800 mm OD in chord and 460 mm thick; blank before formed to dome is ca. 8,000 mm OD. (3) Chemical composition: particular effort was made for minimizing the tramp elements as P, S, As, Sn, Sb, Cu. (4) Manufacturing, key points: steel making - combined refining and degassing in ladle; ingot making - largest size ingots, including 570 ton and 500 ton ingots; forging - special ''outside-the-press'' forging and forming techniques; heat treatment - prevention of H 2 flaking in normalizing and tempering and handling of the extra-large forgings at water quenching. (5) Metallurgical properties: sufficiently uniform carbon distributions in the forgings; a lowest possible content of hydrogen, non-metallic inclusions and oxygen. Mechanical properties: uniformity in tensile and toughness properties; flaws - only limited number of spots of UT indications under 2 mm EFG (EFS). (orig.)

  9. Binary and tertiary reaction cross-sections of V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ta, W, Pt and their isotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garg, S.B.

    1982-01-01

    Neutron induced binary and tertiary reaction cross-sections have been evaluated for V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ta, W, Pt and their isotopes in the 'energy range 0.5 MeV to 20 MeV using the nuclear statistical empirical model. The reactions considered are (n,n'), (n,2n), (n,3n), (n,p), (n,d), (n,t), (n, 3 He), (n,α), (n,np), (n,nd), (n,nt), (n,n 3 He), (n,nα), (n,pn), (n,2p), (n,ν), (n,αp), (n,dn) and (n,pα). Most of the above mentioned elements are used as structural materials in nuclear reactors and the measured cross-section data for the above listed reactions are seldom available for the radiation damage and safety analysis. With a view to providing these data, this nuclear model based evaluation has been undertaken. The associated uncertainties in the cross-sections and their fission averages have also been evaluated. (author)

  10. Investigations on the behaviour of reactor pressure vessel material 20 MnMoNi 55 during heat and stress relieving treatments. Vol. 1 and 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blind, D.; Schroeder-Obst, D.; Herz, K.; Maidorn, C.

    1984-01-01

    Variation of various heat treatment parameters with regard to forging, hardening, tempering and stress-relieving has been applied to several heats of pressure vessel steels with the aim of testing the possibility to obtain higher notch impact energy values. On one hand the variation of heat treatment parameters within the limits of the current VdTUeV material sheet 401/4 5.80 did not result in outstanding improvements of toughness. On the other hand, when employing procedures which did not correspond to the specifications, e.g. tempering up to 100 h, an evident decrease of the upper shelf and an increase of the transition temperature could be observed. Nevertheless, the specified values were generally reached. Essentially, the observations on the test materials confirm, apart from a few exceptions, the positive practical experience with the material 20 MnMoNi 5 5. Based on these relations between thoughness and forging as well as heat treatment the manufacturer obtained, in accordance with the current research program, an outstanding improvement of toughness by means of various optimization measures which had the effect of optimal, evidently increased upper shelfs and which excluded difficulties concerning acceptance criteria, e.g. too high notch impact energy transition temperatures. (orig./IHOE) [de

  11. Influence of Mn on the tensile properties of SSM-HPDC Al-Cu-Mg-Ag alloy A201

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Müller, H

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A201 aluminium alloy is a high strength casting alloy with a nominal composition of Al-4.6Cu-0.3Mg-0.6Ag. It is strengthened by the O(Al2Cu) phase and the ’(Al2Cu) phase during heat treatment. Further strengthening of this alloy system can...

  12. Production of carbon nanotubes: Chemical vapor deposition synthesis from liquefied petroleum gas over Fe-Co-Mo tri-metallic catalyst supported on MgO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Setyopratomo, P., E-mail: puguh-sptm@yahoo.com; Wulan, Praswasti P. D. K., E-mail: wulanmakmur@gmail.com; Sudibandriyo, M., E-mail: msudib@che.ui.ac.id [Chemical Engineering Department, University of Indonesia, Depok Campus, Depok 16424 (Indonesia)

    2016-06-03

    Carbon nanotubes were produced by chemical vapor deposition method to meet the specifications for hydrogen storage. So far, the various catalyst had been studied outlining their activities, performances, and efficiencies. In this work, tri-metallic catalyst consist of Fe-Co-Mo supported on MgO was used. The catalyst was prepared by wet-impregnation method. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) was used as carbon source. The synthesis was conducted in atmospheric fixed bed reactor at reaction temperature range 750 – 850 °C for 30 minutes. The impregnation method applied in this study successfully deposed metal component on the MgO support surface. It found that the deposited metal components might partially replace Mg(OH){sub 2} or MgO molecules in their crystal lattice. Compare to the original MgO powder; it was significant increases in pore volume and surface area has occurred during catalyst preparation stages. The size of obtained carbon nanotubes is ranging from about 10.83 nm OD/4.09 nm ID up to 21.84 nm OD/6.51 nm ID, which means that multiwall carbon nanotubes were formed during the synthesis. Yield as much as 2.35 g.CNT/g.catalyst was obtained during 30 minutes synthesis and correspond to carbon nanotubes growth rate of 0.2 μm/min. The BET surface area of the obtained carbon nanotubes is 181.13 m{sup 2}/g and around 50 % of which is contributed by mesopores. Micropore with half pore width less than 1 nm contribute about 10% volume of total micro and mesopores volume of the carbon nanotubes. The existence of these micropores is very important to increase the hydrogen storage capacity of the carbon nanotubes.

  13. Effect of hydrogen on the growth and morphology of single wall carbon nanotubes synthesized on a Fe-Mo/MgO catalytic system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biris, Alexandru R. [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Cluj Napoca, RO-3400 (Romania)], E-mail: biris@oc1.itim-cj.ro; Li Zhongrui; Dervishi, Enkeleda [Applied Science Department, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S. University Ave, Little Rock, AR 72204 (United States); Nanotechnology Center, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S. University Ave, Little Rock, AR 72204 (United States); Lupu, Dan [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Cluj Napoca, RO-3400 (Romania); Xu Yang; Saini, Viney [Applied Science Department, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S. University Ave, Little Rock, AR 72204 (United States); Nanotechnology Center, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S. University Ave, Little Rock, AR 72204 (United States); Watanabe, Fumiya [Nanotechnology Center, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S. University Ave, Little Rock, AR 72204 (United States); Biris, Alexandru S. [Applied Science Department, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S. University Ave, Little Rock, AR 72204 (United States); Nanotechnology Center, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S. University Ave, Little Rock, AR 72204 (United States)], E-mail: asbiris@ualr.edu

    2008-04-21

    Single wall carbon nanotubes were synthesized from thermal pyrolysis of methane on a Fe-Mo/MgO catalyst by radio frequency catalytic chemical vapor deposition (RF-CVD) using argon as a carrier gas. Controlled amounts of hydrogen (H{sub 2}/CH{sub 4}=0-1 v/v) were introduced in separate experiments along with the carbon source. The properties and morphology of the synthesized single wall carbon nanotubes were monitored by transmission electron microscopy, Raman scattering, and thermogravimetric analysis. The nanotubes with the highest crystallinity were obtained with H{sub 2}/CH{sub 4}=0.6. By monitoring the Radial Breathing Modes present in the Raman spectra of the single-wall carbon nanotube samples, the variation of the structural and morphological properties of the carbon nanotubes with the flow level of hydrogen, reflect changes of the catalyst systems induced by the presence of hydrogen.

  14. Structural study of CaMn{sub 1−x}Mo{sub x}O{sub 3} (0.08 ≤ x ≤ 0.12) system by neutron powder diffraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Supelano, G.I., E-mail: ivan.supelano@uptc.edu.co [Grupo Física de Materiales, Escuela de Física, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja (Colombia); Parra Vargas, C.A.; Barón-González, A.J. [Grupo Física de Materiales, Escuela de Física, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja (Colombia); Sarmiento Santos, A. [Grupo Superficies Electroquímica y Corrosión, Escuela de Física, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja (Colombia); Frontera, C. [Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona, CSIC, Campus Universitari de Bellaterra, E-08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain)

    2016-08-15

    Neutron powder diffraction experiments and magnetic measurements in polycrystalline CaMn{sub 1−x}Mo{sub x}O{sub 3} (x = 0.08, 0.10, 0.12) point towards a possible charge and orbital order in this system. The analysis of structural and magnetic data show that the samples present structural phase transformation from Pnma to P2{sub 1}/m space group and the system has a C-type antiferromagnetic configuration at low temperature. A detailed analysis of the bond distances signals a small Jahn-Teller distortion of only one (x = 0.08) or of the two Mn ions (x = 0.10, 0.12). We identify the partially occupied e{sub g} orbitals and this explains the C-type magnetic structure. - Highlights: • CaMn{sub 1−x}Mo{sub x}O{sub 3} (x = 0.08, 0.10, 0.12) is investigated by neutron powder diffraction. • Analysis of individual Mn-O distances demonstrates the apparition of orbital order. • By symmetry analysis, we find that the low temperature magnetic structure is C-type. • Magnetic interactions foreseen by the orbital order explain the magnetic structure.

  15. A first-principle investigation of spin-gapless semiconductivity, half-metallicity, and fully-compensated ferrimagnetism property in Mn{sub 2}ZnMg inverse Heusler compound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Xiaotian [School of Material Sciences and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China); Institute for Superconducting & Electronic Materials (ISEM), University of Wollongong, Wollongong 2500 (Australia); Cheng, Zhenxiang, E-mail: cheng@uow.edu.au [Institute for Superconducting & Electronic Materials (ISEM), University of Wollongong, Wollongong 2500 (Australia); Khenata, Rabah [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique, de la Matière et de la Modélisation Mathématique (LPQ3M), Université de Mascara, Mascara 29000 (Algeria); Rozale, Habib [Condensed Matter and Sustainable Development Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Sidi-Bel-Abbès, 22000 Sidi-Bel-Abbès (Algeria); Wang, Jianli [Institute for Superconducting & Electronic Materials (ISEM), University of Wollongong, Wollongong 2500 (Australia); Wang, Liying; Guo, Ruikang [School of Material Sciences and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China); Liu, Guodong, E-mail: gdliu1978@126.com [School of Material Sciences and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China)

    2017-02-01

    Recently, spin-gapless semiconductors (SGSs) and half-metallic materials (HMMs) have received considerable interest in the fields of materials sciences and solid-state physics because they can provide a high degree of spin polarization in electron transport. The results on band structure calculations reveal that the metallic fully-compensated ferrimagnet (M-FCF) Mn{sub 2}ZnMg becomes half-metallic fully-compensated ferrimagnet (HM-FCF), fully-compensated ferrimagnetic semiconductor (FCF-S) and fully-compensated ferrimagnetic spin-gapless semiconductor (FCF-SGS) if the uniform strain applied. However, the metallic fully-compensated ferrimagnetism property of the Mn{sub 2}ZnMg is robust to the tetragonalization. The structure stability based on the calculations of the cohesion energy and the formation energy of this compound has been tested. Furthermore, a magnetic state transition from antiferromagentic (AFM) state to non-magnetic (NM) state can be observed at the lattice constant of 5.20 Å. - Highlights: • Mn{sub 2}ZnMg is a M-FCF at its equilibrium lattice constant. • We study the effect of uniform strain on the physical nature transition of Mn{sub 2}ZnMg. • The M-FCF property of the Mn{sub 2}ZnMg is robust to the tetragonalization. • A magnetic phase transition occurs at 5.20 Å.

  16. Magnetic properties of Mg{sub 12}O{sub 12} nanocage doped with transition metal atoms (Mn, Fe, Co and Ni): DFT study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Javan, Masoud Bezi, E-mail: javan.masood@gmail.com

    2015-07-01

    Binding energy of the Mg{sub 12}O{sub 12} nanocage doped with transition metals (TM=Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) in endohedrally, exohedrally and substitutionally forms were studied using density functional theory with the generalized gradient approximation exchange-correlation functional along 6 different paths inside and outside of the Mg{sub 12}O{sub 12} nanocage. The most stable structures were determined with full geometry optimization near the minimum of the binding energy curves of all the examined paths inside and outside of the Mg{sub 12}O{sub 12} nanocage. The results reveal that for all stable structures, the Ni atom has a larger binding energy than the other TM atoms. It is also found that for all complexes additional peaks contributed by TM-3d, 4s and 4p states appear in the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) gap of the host MgO cluster. The mid-gap states are mainly due to the hybridization between TM-3d, 4s and 4p orbitals and the cage π orbitals. The magnetic moment of the endohedrally doped TM atoms in the Mg{sub 12}O{sub 12} are preserved to some extent due to the interaction between the TM and Mg{sub 12}O{sub 12} nanocage, in contrast to the completely quenched magnetic moment of the Fe and Ni atoms in the Mg{sub 11}(TM)O{sub 12} complexes. Furthermore, charge population analysis shows that charge transfer occurs from TM atom to the cage for endohedrally and substitutionally doping. - Highlights: • Binding energy of the Mg{sub 12}O{sub 12} nanocage doped with transition metals was studied. • The most stable structures were determined near the minimum of the binding energy. • The encapsulated Ni atom has a larger binding energy than the other TM atoms. • Magnetic moment of the endohedrally doped TM atoms in the Mg{sub 12}O{sub 12} are preserved.

  17. Uptake of soil P, Al, Fe, Mn, Mg and Ca by Italian rye grass (Lolium multiflorum Lam. induced by synthetic chelating agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helinä Hartikainen

    1981-05-01

    Full Text Available The effect of a synthetic chelating compound on the dry matter yield and the uptake of soil P, Al, Fe, Mn, Mg and Ca by Italian rye grass was studied in a pot experiment with three mineral soil samples irrigated with water or 0.001 M Na2-EDTA(dinatrium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid solution. The Na2-EDTA treatment seemed not to affect the quantity of the dry matter yields, but it affected markedly their chemical composition. Increased contents of P, Al and Fe were found in all the harvests. In two soil samples the P supply was improved by 35—45 %. The accumulation of Al, Fe and Mn induced by Na2-EDTA tended to be the more effective the greater the stability constant for the corresponding metal-EDTA chelate was. Thus, the iron uptake increased most intensively, i.e. by 217—458 %, and that of aluminium by 33—120 %. On the basis of the first two harvests the manganese absorption by the rye grass seemed to decrease probably due to the enormous accumulation of iron. The results also suggested that the addition of Na2-EDTA to the soil was not able essentially to affect the magnesium and calcium supply to the plants.

  18. Monte Carlo and Ab-initio calculation of TM (Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) doped MgH{sub 2} hydride: GGA and SIC approximation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salmani, E., E-mail: elmehdisalmani@gmail.com [LMPHE (URAC12), Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University in Rabat (Morocco); Laghrissi, A.; Lamouri, R. [LMPHE (URAC12), Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University in Rabat (Morocco); Benchafia, E. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102 (United States); Ez-Zahraouy, H. [LMPHE (URAC12), Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University in Rabat (Morocco); Benyoussef, A. [Institute for Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies, MAScIR, Rabat (Morocco)

    2017-02-15

    MgH{sub 2}: TM (TM: V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) based dilute magnetic semiconductors (DMS) are investigated using first principle calculations. Our results show that the ferromagnetic state is stable when TM introduces magnetic moments as well as intrinsic carriers in TM: Co, V, Cr, Ti; Mg{sub 0.95}TM{sub 0.05}H{sub 2}. Some of the DMS Ferro magnets under study exhibit a half-metallic behavior, which make them suitable for spintronic applications. The double exchange is shown to be the underlying mechanism responsible for the magnetism of such materials. The exchange interactions obtained from first principle calculations and used in a classical Ising model by a Monte Carlo approach resulted in ferromagnetic states with Curie temperatures within the ambient conditions. - Highlights: • The half-metallic aspect was proven to take place for Ti, Cr, Co and Ni. • The TM impurities are shown to introduce the magnetic moment that makes MgH{sub 2} good candidates for spintronic applications.

  19. Effects of minor Zr and Sr on as-cast microstructure and mechanical properties of Mg-3Ce-1.2Mn-0.9Sc (wt.%) magnesium alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pan Fusheng; Yang Mingbo; Shen Jia; Wu Lu

    2011-01-01

    Research highlights: → Minor Zr and/or Sr additions can effectively refine the grains of the Mg-3Ce-1.2Mn-0.9Sc alloy. → Minor Zr and/or Sr additions can improve the tensile properties of the Mg-3Ce-1.2Mn-0.9Sc alloy. → Minor Zr and/or Sr additions can improve the creep properties of the Mg-3Ce-1.2Mn-0.9Sc alloy. - Abstract: The effects of minor Zr and Sr on the as-cast microstructure and mechanical properties of the Mg-3Ce-1.2Mn-0.9Sc (wt.%) alloy were investigated by using optical and electron microscopies, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis, and tensile and creep tests. The results indicate that adding minor Zr and/or Sr to the Mg-3Ce-1.2Mn-0.9Sc alloy does not cause an obvious change in the morphology and distribution of the Mg 12 Ce phase. However, the grains of the Zr and/or Sr-containing alloys are effectively refined. Among the Zr and/or Sr-containing alloys, the grains of the alloy with the addition of 0.5 wt.%Zr + 0.1 wt.%Sr are the finest, followed by the alloys with the additions of 0.5 wt.%Zr and 0.1 wt.%Sr, respectively. In addition, small additions of Zr and/or Sr can improve the tensile and creep properties of the Mg-3Ce-1.2Mn-0.9Sc alloy. Among the Zr and/or Sr-containing alloys, the alloy with the addition of 0.5 wt.%Zr + 0.1 wt.%Sr obtains the optimum tensile and creep properties.

  20. Texture and structure contribution to low-temperature plasticity enhancement of Mg-Al-Zn-Mn Alloy MA2-1hp after ECAP and annealing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serebryany, V. N.; D'yakonov, G. S.; Kopylov, V. I.; Salishchev, G. A.; Dobatkin, S. V.

    2013-05-01

    Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) in magnesium alloys due to severe plastic shear deformations provides both grain refinement and the slope of the initial basal texture at 40°-50° to the pressing direction. These changes in microstructure and texture contribute to the improvement of low-temperature plasticity of the alloys. Quantitative texture X-ray diffraction analysis and diffraction of backscattered electrons are used to study the main textural and structural factors responsible for enhanced low-temperature plasticity based on the example of magnesium alloy MA2-1hp of the Mg-Al-Zn-Mn system. The possible mechanisms of deformation that lead to this positive effect are discussed.

  1. Effect of phosphate additives on the microstructure, bioactivity, and degradability of microarc oxidation coatings on Mg-Zn-Ca-Mn alloy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dou, Jinhe; You, Qiongya; Gu, Guochao; Chen, Chuanzhong; Zhang, Xihua

    2016-09-20

    Calcium phosphate coatings were prepared on the surface of self-designed Mg-Zn-Ca-Mn alloy using microarc oxidization technology. To characterize the microstructures, cross-section morphologies, and compositions of the coatings, the authors used scanning electron microscopy equipped with an energy-disperse spectrometer, x-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Potentiodynamic polarization in the simulated body fluid (SBF) was used to evaluate the corrosion behaviors of the samples. An SBF immersion test was used to evaluate the coating bioactivity and degradability. After the immersion tests, some bonelike apatite formed on the coating surfaces indicate that bioactivity of the coatings is excellent. The coating prepared in electrolyte containing (NaPO3)6 had slower degradation rate after immersion test for 21 days.

  2. Infrared spectroscopic investigation of M(H2PO4)2x2H2O (M=Mg, Mn, Cd) dehydration products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pechkovskij, V.V.; Dzyuba, E.D.; Mel'nikova, R.Ya.; Salonets, G.I.; Kovalishina, V.I.; Malashonok, I.E.

    1982-01-01

    Using the method of IR spectroscopy the composition of products separated at different stages of M(H 2 PO 4 ) 2 x2H 2 O dehydration, where M=Mg, Mn, Cd, has been investigated. It is shown that cation influence is expressed in strengthening of bond of proton-containing groups in the structure of initial compounds from magnesium to cadmium. A supposition is made that the difference in bond character of the groups more evidently expressed for partially dehydrated products of the composition M(H 2 PO 4 ) 2 , conditions a possibility of dehydration in two directions- with the formation of intermediate phase MH 2 P 2 O 7 or with separation of three phosphoric acid

  3. Thermal activation energies and peak temperatures in thermoluminescence of LiF (Mg, Ti) and CaF2:Mn at low temperatures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jain, V.K.; Jahan, M.S.

    1987-01-01

    Low temperature thermoluminescence (TL) of LiF (TLD-100) and CaF 2 :Mn is studied. The TLD-100 is dosimetry grade LiF manufactured by Harshaw-Filtrol Partnership. It is believed that it contains about 200 ppm Mg and 7 ppm Ti as impurities. In each case the glow curve shows several peaks. Some of these peaks are quite strong and develop with dose. Others are weak. Kinetic parameters are calculated for the former using the initial rise method and Chen's modified formula. The two sets of values are found to be different. Some authors have suggested empirical formulae connecting peak temperature, T m , and activation energy, E. The empirical relations are tried for the values of E calculated, as well as those available in literature (for T m above room temperature). It is found that a fairly reasonable relation existed between E and T m . (author)

  4. Buffer layer dependence of magnetoresistance effects in Co2Fe0.4Mn0.6Si/MgO/Co50Fe50 tunnel junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Mingling; Kubota, Takahide; Takahashi, Shigeki; Kawato, Yoshiaki; Sonobe, Yoshiaki; Takanashi, Koki

    2018-05-01

    Buffer layer dependence of tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) effects was investigated in Co2Fe0.4Mn0.6Si (CFMS)/MgO/Co50Fe50 magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs). Pd, Ru and Cr were selected for the buffer layer materials, and MTJs with three different CFMS thicknesses (30, 5, and 0.8 nm) were fabricated. A maximum TMR ratio of 136% was observed in the Ru buffer layer sample with a 30-nm-thick CFMS layer. TMR ratios drastically degraded for the CFMS thickness of 0.8 nm, and the values were 26% for Cr buffer layer and less than 1% for Pd and Ru buffer layers. From the annealing temperature dependence of the TMR ratios, amounts of interdiffusion and effects from the lattice mismatch were discussed.

  5. Rapid synthesis of spherical-shaped green-emitting MgGa2O4:Mn2+ phosphor via spray pyrolysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Choi, Sungho; Kim, Kyoungun; Moon, Young-Min; Park, Byung-Yoon; Jung, Ha-Kyun

    2010-01-01

    Simple, one-step synthesis of spherical-shaped powder phosphors with aqueous precursors via a spray pyrolysis method is reported. Green-emitting MgGa 2 O 4 :Mn 2+ phosphor with a controlled shape was successfully obtained by spraying under a reductive atmosphere (N 2 + H 2 carrier gas) without high-temperature post-heat treatment. In addition, the corresponding powder phosphors were well dispersed and showed a clean surface morphology compared to an existing cumbersome process using high-temperature post-annealing. The new method may help to prevent surface residual non-radiative defect sites. The result of highly luminescent and spherical morphology, non-aggregated powder phosphor by this procedure holds promise for a cost-effective and rapid synthesis process for conventional inorganic phosphors.

  6. Spectroscopic investigation of new water soluble Mn(II)(2) and Mg(II)(2) complexes for the substrate binding models of xylose/glucose isomerases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patra, Ayan; Bera, Manindranath

    2014-01-30

    In methanol, the reaction of stoichiometric amounts of Mn(OAc)(2)·4H(2)O and the ligand H(3)hpnbpda [H(3)hpnbpda=N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-2-hydroxy-1,3-propanediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid] in the presence of NaOH, afforded a new water soluble dinuclear manganese(II) complex, [Mn2(hpnbpda)(μ-OAc)] (1). Similarly, the reaction of Mg(OAc)(2)·4H(2)O and the ligand H3hpnbpda in the presence of NaOH, in methanol, yielded a new water soluble dinuclear magnesium(II) complex, [Mg2(hpnbpda)(μ-OAc)(H2O)2] (2). DFT calculations have been performed for the structural optimization of complexes 1 and 2. The DFT optimized structure of complex 1 shows that two manganese(II) centers are in a distorted square pyramidal geometry, whereas the DFT optimized structure of complex 2 reveals that two magnesium(II) centers adopt a six-coordinate distorted octahedral geometry. To understand the mode of substrate binding and the mechanistic details of the active site metals in xylose/glucose isomerases (XGI), we have investigated the binding interactions of biologically important monosaccharides d-glucose and d-xylose with complexes 1 and 2, in aqueous alkaline solution by a combined approach of FTIR, UV-vis, fluorescence, and (13)C NMR spectroscopic techniques. Fluorescence spectra show the binding-induced gradual decrease in emission of complexes 1 and 2 accompanied by a significant blue shift upon increasing the concentration of sugar substrates. The binding modes of d-glucose and d-xylose with complex 2 are indicated by their characteristic coordination induced shift (CIS) values in (13)C NMR spectra for C1 and C2 carbon atoms. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Influence of phase composition on microstructure and properties of Mg-5Al-0.4Mn-xRE (x = 0, 3 and 5 wt.%) alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Braszczyńska-Malik, K.N.; Grzybowska, A.

    2016-01-01

    The microstructure and mechanical properties investigations of two AME503 and AME505 experimental alloys in as-cast conditions were presented. The investigated materials were fabricated on the basis of the AM50 commercial magnesium alloy with 3 and 5 wt.% cerium rich mischmetal. In the as-cast condition, both experimental alloys were mainly composed of α-Mg, Al_1_1RE_3 and Al_1_0RE_2Mn_7 intermetallic phases. Additionally, due to non-equilibrium solidification conditions, a small amount of α + γ divorced eutectic and Al_2RE intermetallic phase were revealed. The obtained results also show a significant influence of rare earth elements on Brinell hardness, tensile and compression properties at ambient temperature and especially on creep properties at 473 K. Improved alloy properties with a rise in rare earth elements mass fraction results from an increase in Al_1_1RE_3 phase volume fraction and suppression of α + γ eutectic volume fraction in the alloy microstructure. Additionally, the influence of rare earth elements on the dendrite arm space value was discussed. The presented results also proved the thermal stability of the intermetallic phases during creep testing. - Highlights: • Two different Mg-5Al-0.4Mn alloys containing 3 and 5 wt.% of rare earth elements were fabricated. • Addition of rare earth elements leads to a reduction of dendrite arm spaces. • Mechanical properties depend on the phase composition of the alloys. • The increase of the rare earth elements content causes rise of the creep resistance.

  8. Investigation of structural, morphological and electromagnetic properties of Mg0.25Mn0.25Zn0.5-xSrxFe2O4 ferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahaman, Md. D.; Nusrat, Tania; Maleque, Rumana; Hossain, A. K. M. Akther

    2018-04-01

    Polycrystalline Mg0.25Mn0.25Zn0.5-xSrxFe2O4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.20) ferrites were synthesized using the solid state reaction sintering at 1373 K and 1473 K for 4 h. The XRD patterns revealed the formation of single phase cubic spinel with Sr2FeO4 and SrFe12O19 as impurity phases. The decrement in the lattice parameter for Sr2+ substituted samples is attributed to the difference in ionic radii of cations. The crystallite size decreases with increase in Sr2+ content. Low frequency dielectric dispersion is attributed due to the Maxwell-Wagner interfacial polarization. The appearance of the peak in dielectric loss spectrum for x = 0.15 and 0.20 at 1373 K and x = 0.20 at 1473 K suggests the presence of relaxing dipoles. The loss peak shifts towards lower frequency side with Sr2+ content at 1373 K which is due to the strengthening of dipole-dipole interactions. The complex impedance spectra clearly revealed that the both grain and grain boundary effects on the electrical properties. A complex electric modulus spectrum indicates that a non-Debye type of conductivity relaxation exists. The saturation magnetization and remanence gradually decreases with Sr2+ substitution which may be due to the existence of non-magnetic phase in the space between the magnetic particles and the substitution of Zn2+ cation in Mg0.25Mn0.25Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite lattice by Sr2+ content. The permeability decreases significantly while the cut-off frequency increases with the Sr2+ content at 1373 K and decreases at 1473 K, obeying the Snoek's law. The decrease in permeability with Sr2+ content is attributed due to the decrease in magnetization because non-magnetic ions weaken the inter-site exchange interaction.

  9. CALPHAD simulation of the Mg–(Mn, Zr)–Fe system and experimental comparison with as-cast alloy microstructures as relevant to impurity driven corrosion of Mg-alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gandel, D.S., E-mail: darren.gandel@monash.edu [CAST Cooperative Research Centre (Australia); Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800 (Australia); Easton, M.A. [CAST Cooperative Research Centre (Australia); Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800 (Australia); Gibson, M.A. [CAST Cooperative Research Centre (Australia); CSIRO Process Science and Engineering, Clayton, VIC 3168 (Australia); Birbilis, N. [CAST Cooperative Research Centre (Australia); Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800 (Australia)

    2014-02-14

    Four Mg alloys with variations in the ratio of Mn, Zr and Fe additions were cast and their microstructures analysed via electron microscopy. Thermodynamic calculations of the expected phases using PANDAT were evaluated with actual as-cast microstructures. Some of the as-cast alloys did appear to form phases similar to those anticipated from the PANDAT calculations. Furthermore, there was a new Mn–Fe particle interaction observed that was not predicted, but which is posited to be responsible for the increase in corrosion resistance among Mn containing Mg alloys with Fe impurities. The experimental work herein has been shown to be invaluable in the understanding of this practically important system with sparingly soluble Fe and its potential influence on the corrosion of Mg alloys. - Highlights: • Alloy microstructure of the Mg-(Mn,Zr, Fe) system was analysed and reported. • CALPHAD analysis was used in conjunction with traditional SEM analysis techniques in this study. • A proposed Mn–Fe interaction within Mg has been observed for the first time. • Experimental validation of calculated phases is required to understand the effect of Mn and Zr on Mg.

  10. Mossbauer and XRD characterization of the phase transformations in a Fe-Mn-Al-C-Mo-Si-Cu as cast alloy during tribology test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, J.; Piamba, J. F.; Sánchez, H.; Alcazar, G. A. Pérez

    2015-06-01

    In present study Fe-29.0Mn-6Al-0.9C-1.8Mo-1.6Si-0.4Cu (%w) alloy was obtained after melted in an induction furnace, and then molded as an ingot. From the as cast ingot it were cut samples for the different characterization measurements. The microstructure of the as-cast sample is of dendritic type and its XRD pattern was refined with the lines of the austenite, with a big volumetric fraction, and the lines of the martensite, with small volumetric fraction. The Mössbauer spectrum of the sample was fitted with a broad singlet which corresponds to disordered austenite. After the tribology test, its XRD pattern was refined with the lines of two austenite phases, one similar to the previous one and other with bigger lattice parameter. The total volumetric fraction of the austenite is smaller than that obtained for sample without wear. It was added the lines of the martensite phase with bigger volumetric fraction than that of the previous sample. The Mössbauer spectrum of the weared sample was fitted with two paramagnetic sites which correspond to the two Fe austenite phases and a hyperfine magnetic field distribution which is associated to the disordered original martensite and the new one which appears in the surface as a consequence of the wear process. These results show that during wear process the original austenite phase is transformed in martensite and in a new austenite phase. The increases of the martensitic phase improves mechanical properties and wear behavior.

  11. Mossbauer and XRD characterization of the phase transformations in a Fe-Mn-Al-C-Mo-Si-Cu as cast alloy during tribology test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos, J. [Universidad Autónoma de Occidente (Colombia); Piamba, J. F. [Universidad del Valle, Departamento Física (Colombia); Sánchez, H. [Universidad del Valle, Escuela de Materiales (Colombia); Alcazar, G. A. Pérez, E-mail: gpgeperez@gmail.com [Universidad del Valle, Departamento Física (Colombia)

    2015-06-15

    In present study Fe-29.0Mn-6Al–0.9C-1.8Mo-1.6Si-0.4Cu (%w) alloy was obtained after melted in an induction furnace, and then molded as an ingot. From the as cast ingot it were cut samples for the different characterization measurements. The microstructure of the as-cast sample is of dendritic type and its XRD pattern was refined with the lines of the austenite, with a big volumetric fraction, and the lines of the martensite, with small volumetric fraction. The Mössbauer spectrum of the sample was fitted with a broad singlet which corresponds to disordered austenite. After the tribology test, its XRD pattern was refined with the lines of two austenite phases, one similar to the previous one and other with bigger lattice parameter. The total volumetric fraction of the austenite is smaller than that obtained for sample without wear. It was added the lines of the martensite phase with bigger volumetric fraction than that of the previous sample. The Mössbauer spectrum of the weared sample was fitted with two paramagnetic sites which correspond to the two Fe austenite phases and a hyperfine magnetic field distribution which is associated to the disordered original martensite and the new one which appears in the surface as a consequence of the wear process. These results show that during wear process the original austenite phase is transformed in martensite and in a new austenite phase. The increases of the martensitic phase improves mechanical properties and wear behavior.

  12. Improving solid-state hydriding and dehydriding properties of the LiBH{sub 4} plus MgH{sub 2} system with the addition of Mn and V dopants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crosby, Kyle; Wan, Xuefei; Shaw, Leon L. [Department of Chemical, Materials and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Connecticut, 97 North Eagleville Road, U-3136, Storrs, CT 06269 (United States)

    2010-11-01

    The hydriding process of the 2LiH + MgB{sub 2} mixture is controlled by outward diffusion of Mg and inward diffusion of Li and H within MgB{sub 2} crystals to form LiBH{sub 4}. This study explores the feasibility of using transition metal dopants, such as Mn and V, to enhance the diffusion rate and thus the hydriding kinetics. It is found that Mn can indeed enhance the hydriding kinetics of the 2LiH + MgB{sub 2} mixture, while V does not. The major factor in enhancing the diffusion rate and thus the hydriding kinetics is related to the dopant's ability to induce the lattice distortion of MgB{sub 2} crystals. This study demonstrates that the kinetics of the diffusion controlled solid-state hydriding process can be improved by doping if the dopant is properly selected. (author)

  13. EPR and FTIR spectroscopic studies of MO-Al2O3-Bi2O3-B2O3-MnO2(M = Pb, Zn and Cd) glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalitha Phani, A. V.; Sekhar, K. Chandra; Chakradhar, R. P. S.; Narasimha Chary, M.; Shareefuddin, Md

    2018-03-01

    Glasses of the system (30-x)MO-xAl2O3-15Bi2O3-54.5B2O3-0.5MnO2 [M = Pb, Zn & Cd] (x = 0, 5, 10 & 15 mol%) were prepared by the normal melt quenching method. The amorphous nature of the prepared glasses was confirmed by the XRD studies. The EPR and FTIR studies were carried out at room temperature (RT). The EPR spectra exhibited three resonance signals at g ≈ 2.0 with a hyperfine structure, an absorption around g = 4.3 and a distinct shoulder at g = 3.3. Deconvoluted spectra were drawn for g ≈ 2.0 to resolve the six hyperfine lines. The electron paramagnetic resonance signal at g ≈ 2.0 indicates that the Mn2+ ions are in nearly perfectly octahedral symmetry. The low field signals at g = 3.3 and g = 4.3 are attributed to the Mn2+ ion which are in distorted rhombic symmetries. The hyperfine (HF) splitting constant (A) values suggested that the bonding between Mn2+ ions and its ligands is ionic in nature. The presence of BO3 and BO4 borate units, metal oxide cation units, Mn2+ and Bi-O bond vibrations in BiO3 units were noticed from the FTIR spectra.

  14. The Synergy Effect of Ni-M (M = Mo, Fe, Co, Mn or Cr Bicomponent Catalysts on Partial Methanation Coupling with Water Gas Shift under Low H2/CO Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinxin Dong

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Ni-M (M = Mo, Fe, Co, Mn or Cr bicomponent catalysts were prepared through the co-impregnation method for upgrading low H2/CO ratio biomass gas into urban gas through partial methanation coupling with water gas shift (WGS. The catalysts were characterized by N2 isothermal adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD, H2 temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR, H2 temperature programmed desorption (H2-TPD, scanning electron microscopy (SEM and thermogravimetry (TG. The catalytic performances demonstrated that Mn and Cr were superior to the other three elements due to the increased fraction of reducible NiO particles, promoted dispersion of Ni nanoparticles and enhanced H2 chemisorption ability. The comparative study on Mn and Cr showed that Mn was more suitable due to its smaller carbon deposition rate and wider adaptability to various H2/CO and H2O/CO conditions, indicating its better synergy effect with Ni. A nearly 100 h, the lifetime test and start/stop cycle test further implied that 15Ni-3Mn was stable for industrial application.

  15. Efeitos da suplementação de fitase sobre a disponibilidade aparente de Mg, Ca, Zn, Cu, Mn e Fe em alimentos vegetais para a tilápia-do-nilo Effects of phytase supplementation on apparent availability of Mg, Ca, Zn, Cu, Mn, and Fe of plant feedstuffs for nile tilapia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovani Sampaio Gonçalves

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Cem juvenis de tilápia-do-nilo (Oreochromis niloticus; PV = 100.0 ± 5.0 g foram distribuídos em 10 tanques-rede com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da suplementação da enzima fitase (0, 1.000 e 2.000 UFA/kg sobre a disponibilidade de minerais em alguns alimentos energéticos (milho, milho extrusado, farelo de trigo, farelo de arroz e farelo de sorgo e protéicos (farelo de soja extrusado, farelo de soja, farelo de girassol, farelo de algodão e glúten de milho utilizados na alimentação de tilápia-do-nilo (Oreochromis niloticus. Para determinação dos coeficientes de disponibilidade aparente (CDA do cálcio (Ca, magnésio (Mg, zinco (Zn, cobre (Cu, ferro (Fe e manganês (Mn, foram confeccionadas 31 rações, marcadas com 0,10% de óxido de crômio III uma referência (ração purificada e 30 contendo os dez alimentos e os diferentes níveis de suplementação da enzima fitase. O CDA dos nutrientes foi calculado com base no teor de crômio da ração e das fezes. A fitase aumenta, nos vegetais, a disponibilidade do Mg, Cu, Zn e Mn, os quais apresentam tendência diferenciada, em razão do seu valor biológico e do nível de suplementação de enzima.One hundred Nile tilapia juveniles (Oreochromis niloticus; BW= 100.0 ± 5.0 g were assigned to 10 experimental cages to evaluate the effects of phytase supplementation (0, 1,000, and 2,000 FTU/kg on calcium (Ca, magnesium (Mg, zinc (Zn, copper (Cu, iron (Fe and manganese (Mn availability of ten feedstuffs: five energetic (corn, extruded corn, wheat meal, rice meal and low-tannin sorghum and five protein (extruded soybean, soybean meal, sunflower meal, cottonseed meal and corn gluten meal. As reference, an albumin and gelatin-based diet [with 0.10 % chromic oxide (III as external marker] was fed to the juveniles. Thirty-one diets (one reference and 30 based on all feedstuffs and increasing levels of phytase were formulated to determine the coefficients of apparent availability of minerals (Mg

  16. Study and application of neutron activation analysis and related methods for determination of content of Na, K, Cu, Co, Mn, Ca, Mg, Fe, P and Zn in a lot of speciality fruits of Vietnam (banana, orange, longan, dragon and mango)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nguyen Van Minh; Le Thi Ngoc Trinh; Le Thai Dung; Ta Thi Tuyet Nhung; Nguyen Dang Khoa; Nguyen Tien Dat; Nguyen Thi Hong Tham; Cao Dong Vu

    2007-01-01

    To study the content of trace elements Na, K, Cu, Co, Mn, Ca, Mg, Fe, P and Zn in the speciality fruits is necessary and very important. We collected the studying samples in four Cities such as: Dalat, NhaTrang, HoChiMinh and BinhDuong. The studying samples are: Banana, Orange, Longan, Dragon and Mango. These samples were dried in the Deepfreezer at -40 o C. We analyzed Na, K, Cu, Co, Mn, Ca, Mg, Fe and Zn by neutron activation analysis (INAA, RNAA) and after irradiation measured total β for P. The studying results were shown in the tables. (author)

  17. Study and application of neutron activation analysis and related methods for determination of content of Na, K, Cu, Co, Mn, Ca, Mg, Fe, P and Zn in a lot of speciality fruits of Vietnam (banana, orange, longan, dragon and mango)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minh, Nguyen Van; Ngoc Trinh, Le Thi; Dung, Le Thai; Tuyet Nhung, Ta Thi; Khoa, Nguyen Dang; Dat, Nguyen Tien; Hong Tham, Nguyen Thi; Vu, Cao Dong [Center for Analytical Techniques, Nuclear Research Institute, Dalat (Viet Nam)

    2007-12-15

    To study the content of trace elements Na, K, Cu, Co, Mn, Ca, Mg, Fe, P and Zn in the speciality fruits is necessary and very important. We collected the studying samples in four Cities such as: Dalat, NhaTrang, HoChiMinh and BinhDuong. The studying samples are: Banana, Orange, Longan, Dragon and Mango. These samples were dried in the Deepfreezer at -40{sup o}C. We analyzed Na, K, Cu, Co, Mn, Ca, Mg, Fe and Zn by neutron activation analysis (INAA, RNAA) and after irradiation measured total {beta} for P. The studying results were shown in the tables. (author)

  18. Magnetization of correlated electron systems. MnSi thin films, CrB2 single crystals and two-dimensional electron systems in MgZnO/ZnO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brasse, Matthias

    2014-01-01

    Torque magnetometry at low temperature is performed to investigate the magnetic properties of MnSi thin films, of a CrB 2 single crystal and of a two-dimensional electron system (2DESs) formed at the interface of MgZnO/ZnO. The magnetic anisotropy and phase diagram of MnSi as well as information on the electronic structure of CrB 2 are obtained. The MgZnO/ZnO 2DESs exhibits the de Haas-van Alphen effect and non-equilibrium currents which are analyzed in order to determine ground state properties and excited states, respectively.

  19. Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of the As-Cast and As-Homogenized Mg-Zn-Sn-Mn-Ca Alloy Fabricated by Semicontinuous Casting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xing; Zhao, Guoqun; Zhou, Jixue; Zhang, Cunsheng; Yu, Junquan

    2018-04-29

    In this paper, a new type of low-cost Mg-3.36Zn-1.06Sn-0.33Mn-0.27Ca (wt %) alloy ingot with a diameter of 130 mm and a length of 4800 mm was fabricated by semicontinuous casting. The microstructure and mechanical properties at different areas of the ingot were investigated. The microstructure and mechanical properties of the alloy under different one-step and two-step homogenization conditions were studied. For the as-cast alloy, the average grain size and the second phase size decrease from the center to the surface of the ingot, while the area fraction of the second phase increases gradually. At one-half of the radius of the ingot, the alloy presents the optimum comprehensive mechanical properties along the axial direction, which is attributed to the combined effect of relatively small grain size, low second-phase fraction, and uniform microstructure. For the as-homogenized alloy, the optimum two-step homogenization process parameters were determined as 340 °C × 10 h + 520 °C × 16 h. After the optimum homogenization, the proper size and morphology of CaMgSn phase are conducive to improve the microstructure uniformity and the mechanical properties of the alloy. Besides, the yield strength of the alloy is reduced by 20.7% and the elongation is increased by 56.3%, which is more favorable for the subsequent hot deformation processing.

  20. Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of the As-Cast and As-Homogenized Mg-Zn-Sn-Mn-Ca Alloy Fabricated by Semicontinuous Casting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xing; Zhao, Guoqun; Zhou, Jixue; Zhang, Cunsheng; Yu, Junquan

    2018-01-01

    In this paper, a new type of low-cost Mg-3.36Zn-1.06Sn-0.33Mn-0.27Ca (wt %) alloy ingot with a diameter of 130 mm and a length of 4800 mm was fabricated by semicontinuous casting. The microstructure and mechanical properties at different areas of the ingot were investigated. The microstructure and mechanical properties of the alloy under different one-step and two-step homogenization conditions were studied. For the as-cast alloy, the average grain size and the second phase size decrease from the center to the surface of the ingot, while the area fraction of the second phase increases gradually. At one-half of the radius of the ingot, the alloy presents the optimum comprehensive mechanical properties along the axial direction, which is attributed to the combined effect of relatively small grain size, low second-phase fraction, and uniform microstructure. For the as-homogenized alloy, the optimum two-step homogenization process parameters were determined as 340 °C × 10 h + 520 °C × 16 h. After the optimum homogenization, the proper size and morphology of CaMgSn phase are conducive to improve the microstructure uniformity and the mechanical properties of the alloy. Besides, the yield strength of the alloy is reduced by 20.7% and the elongation is increased by 56.3%, which is more favorable for the subsequent hot deformation processing. PMID:29710818

  1. Preparation of Sr2(MgMo)1-xRuxO6 ceramics for use in a solid oxide fuel cell anode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bezerra, Matheus Eiji Ohno; Florio, Daniel Zanetti de; Fonseca, Fabio Coral

    2016-01-01

    Full text: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells are the most efficient devices known for the direct conversion of fuels into electric energy. Such devices have advanced steadily and are already available for specific applications such as portable power and residential stationary generation. The main objective of this work is the development of anodes for SOFC operating directly with renewable fuels, without the addition of water and using strategic fuels such as ethanol and natural gas. Specifically, a family of mixed ionic-electronic compounds has been investigated: the double perovskites with compositions Sr 2 (MgMo) 1-x Ru x O 6 with x = 0; 1; 2; 5; 10 e 20 at.%. This material has been synthesized by polymeric precursor method. The resins were prepared by combining stoichiometric amounts of the starting solutions. The resulting solution was heated treated under magnetic stirring. The thermal decomposition of the polymeric resin was studied by means of simultaneous thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry up to 1500 °C with heating and cooling rates of 10 °/min in Ar. The thermal decomposition result shows mass loss up to, approximately, 900 °C. However X-ray diffraction analyses of the powder heat treated at 900 °C and 1200 °C presents a considerable content of an undesiderate phase (SrMoO 4 ). According to the literature for similar compounds a thermal treatment under reduction conditions could be necessary to obtain the double perovskites single phase. After this treatment the material will be characterized regarding its electrical properties. The expected results will contribute to advance both the understanding of the mixed ionic electronic ceramics and the SOFC technology using renewable fuels. (author)

  2. Instrumental neutron-activation analysis applications in the age dynamics assessment of Ca, Cl, K, Mg. Mn, Na, P, and Sr contents in the human cortical bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zaichick, V.

    2003-01-01

    Full text: Senile osteoporosis and particularly osteoporosis among postmenopausal women represents an urgent problem of modern medicine. One of the main osteoporosis symptoms is a decrease in both bone mineral density and subsequent bone strength. The upper extremity of the femur in humans is a particularly vulnerable section of the skeleton, being subject to fracture and necrosis and to destruction of its cartilage. Iliac crest biopsies are commonly taken clinically on patients. It is known that the control of the mineral component providing bone strength is a good indicator to detect bone diseases like osteoporosis. Despite this, changes of chemical element contents occurring with age in the femoral head and the iliac crest of female and male separately have been little studied, but in iliac cortical bone have not been studied at all. The effect of age and sex on chemical element contents in intact cortical bone of femoral neck and iliac crest of 81 relatively healthy 15-55 years old women (n=36) and men (n=45) was investigated. All subjects had died suddenly and bone samples were obtained at necropsy from the right side of bodies within twenty-four hours after death. A tool made of titanium and plastic was used to clear samples from soft tissues and blood and to cut cortical part of bone. The IAEA and NIST reference materials (H-5 animal bone and SRM1486 bone meal) were used to estimate the precision and accuracy of results. Contents of Ca, Cl, K, Mg> Mn, Na, P, and Sr in intact bone samples were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis using short-lived radionuclides. Our means data for each element of reference materials were within the certified 95 % confidence interval, and indicate an acceptable accuracy of the obtained results. No age- and sex-related differences in the cortical femoral neck composition were detected. Mean values (M±S.E.M.) of Ca, Cl, K, Mg, Mn, Na, P, and Sr mass fractions (on dry weight basis) for female and male all

  3. Determination of exposure rates from natural background radiation in Khartoum using LiF:Mg,Cu,P (GR-200) and CaSo4: Mn TLD chips

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suliman, I.I.; Khangi, F.A.; Shaddad, I.A.; Suliman, I.A.; El Amin, O.I.

    2002-01-01

    The exposure rates from natural background radiation - including terrestrial gamma radiation and the ionizing component of cosmic rays - were measured for the first time in the city of khartoum using two types of TLD materials: LiF:Mg,Cu,P (GR-200) and CaSo 4 :Mn TLD chips. Measurements were performed at two sites simultaneously, one site was selected on land in the vicinity of the Sudan Atomic Energy Commission, for the purposes of the measurement of the total exposure rate outdoors, while the other site was located on a buoy anchored in the Blue Nile, and was selected to measure the exposure rate due to the ionizing component of cosmic rays. The investigations were conducted for periods of between 5 and 28 days. Calibration was performed on a selected number of dosimeters to determine the exposure rates at each site. The exposure rates from the ionizing component of cosmic rays in Khartoum were found to be respectively 33 nGy.h -1 and 30 nGy.h -1 , in the measurements performed within the scope of this work using GR-200 and CaSo 4 :Mn dosimeters, while the total values for exposure on land were found to be 45 nGy.h -1 and 42 nGy.h -1 respectively. These values compare reasonably well with other national averages reported in the UNSCEAR publication. The comparison of the results for the two dosimetric materials demonstrates both the sensitivity and suitability of GR-200 for the purposes of environmental monitoring (orig.)

  4. First-Principles Study on the Structural Stability and Segregation Behavior of γ-Fe/Cr2N Interface with Alloying Additives M (M = Mn, V, Ti, Mo, and Ni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Huang

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the structural stability and electrochemical properties of alloying additives M (M = Mn, V, Ti, Mo, or Ni at the γ-Fe(111/Cr2N(0001 interface by the first-principles method. Results indicated that V and Ti were easily segregated at the γ-Fe(111/Cr2N(0001 interface and enhanced interfacial adhesive strength. By contrast, Ni and Mo were difficult to segregate at the γ-Fe(111/Cr2N(0001 interface. Moreover, the results of the work function demonstrated that alloying additives Mn reduced local electrochemical corrosion behavior of the γ-Fe(111/Cr2N(0001 interface by cutting down Volta potential difference (VPD between clean γ-Fe(111 and Cr2N(0001, while alloying additives V, Ti, Mo, and Ni at the γ-Fe(111/Cr2N(0001 interface magnified VPD between clean γ-Fe(111 and Cr2N(0001, which were low-potential sites that usually serve as local attack initiation points.

  5. Growth kinetics of cellular precipitation in a Mg-8.5Al-0.5Zn-0.2Mn (wt.%) alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Contreras-Piedras, Edgar [Instituto Politecnico Nacional-ESIQIE-DIMM-ESFM, Apartado Postal 118-430, Admon. GAM, Mexico, D.F. 07051 (Mexico); Esquivel-Gonzalez, Ramon [Universidad del Valle de Mexico, Depto. Ingenierias, Paseo de las Aves 1, Col. San Mateo Nopala, Lomas Verdes, Naucalpan de Juarez, Edo. Mex. 53220 (Mexico); Lopez-Hirata, Victor M.; Saucedo-Munoz, M.L.; Paniagua-Mercado, Ana M. [Instituto Politecnico Nacional-ESIQIE-DIMM-ESFM, Apartado Postal 118-430, Admon. GAM, Mexico, D.F. 07051 (Mexico); Dorantes-Rosales, Hector J., E-mail: hectordorantes@yahoo.com [Instituto Politecnico Nacional-ESIQIE-DIMM-ESFM, Apartado Postal 118-430, Admon. GAM, Mexico, D.F. 07051 (Mexico)

    2010-11-15

    Research highlights: {yields} The growth kinetics of lamellar spacing follows the behavior predicted by Turnbull theory. {yields} The growth kinetics of cellular precipitation is a process controlled by grain boundary diffusion. {yields} The presence of two types of morphology for cellular precipitation depends on the aging temperature. {yields} The highest hardness peak is associated to a fine continuous precipitation at the lowest temperature. {yields} The lowest hardness is attributed to the fast coarsening process of both precipitations. - Abstract: Microstructural evolution and growth kinetics were studied in an isothermally aged Mg-8.5Al-0.5Zn-0.2Mn (wt.%) alloy by means of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Vickers hardness measurements and transmission electron microscopy. Specimens were solution-treated and then aged at 373, 473 and 573 K for different time period. The characterization results indicated the presence of both continuous and discontinuous precipitations of the Mg{sub 17}Al{sub 12}-{gamma} phase in a Mg-rich matrix. The discontinuous or cellular precipitation was present with a lamellar structure, and the growth kinetics was evaluated using the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov equation analysis, which gives a time exponent close to 1. This value confirms that cellular precipitation takes place on the saturation sites corresponding to grain boundaries. In addition, the activation energy for cellular precipitation was determined to be about 64.6 kJ mol{sup -1}. This also indicates a grain boundary diffusion process. The variation of cellular spacing with temperature follows the behavior expected by Turnbull theory. The highest hardness peak corresponded to the lowest aging temperature and it is associated with a fine continuous precipitation; while the lowest hardness peak was detected at the highest aging temperature and it is attributed to the rapid coarsening process of both precipitations.

  6. Growth kinetics of cellular precipitation in a Mg-8.5Al-0.5Zn-0.2Mn (wt.%) alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contreras-Piedras, Edgar; Esquivel-Gonzalez, Ramon; Lopez-Hirata, Victor M.; Saucedo-Munoz, M.L.; Paniagua-Mercado, Ana M.; Dorantes-Rosales, Hector J.

    2010-01-01

    Research highlights: → The growth kinetics of lamellar spacing follows the behavior predicted by Turnbull theory. → The growth kinetics of cellular precipitation is a process controlled by grain boundary diffusion. → The presence of two types of morphology for cellular precipitation depends on the aging temperature. → The highest hardness peak is associated to a fine continuous precipitation at the lowest temperature. → The lowest hardness is attributed to the fast coarsening process of both precipitations. - Abstract: Microstructural evolution and growth kinetics were studied in an isothermally aged Mg-8.5Al-0.5Zn-0.2Mn (wt.%) alloy by means of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Vickers hardness measurements and transmission electron microscopy. Specimens were solution-treated and then aged at 373, 473 and 573 K for different time period. The characterization results indicated the presence of both continuous and discontinuous precipitations of the Mg 17 Al 12 -γ phase in a Mg-rich matrix. The discontinuous or cellular precipitation was present with a lamellar structure, and the growth kinetics was evaluated using the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov equation analysis, which gives a time exponent close to 1. This value confirms that cellular precipitation takes place on the saturation sites corresponding to grain boundaries. In addition, the activation energy for cellular precipitation was determined to be about 64.6 kJ mol -1 . This also indicates a grain boundary diffusion process. The variation of cellular spacing with temperature follows the behavior expected by Turnbull theory. The highest hardness peak corresponded to the lowest aging temperature and it is associated with a fine continuous precipitation; while the lowest hardness peak was detected at the highest aging temperature and it is attributed to the rapid coarsening process of both precipitations.

  7. Synthesize and electrochemical characterization of Mg-doped Li-rich layered Li[Li0.2Ni0.2Mn0.6]O2 cathode material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Dan; Huang, Yan; Huo, Zhenqing; Chen, Li

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: • Layered Li[Li 0.2 Ni 0.2−x Mn 0.6−x Mg 2x ]O 2 (2x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.05) were synthetized. • Li[Li 0.2 Ni 0.2−x Mn 0.6−x Mg 2x ]O 2 exhibit enhanced electrochemical properties. • The improved performance is attributed to enhanced structure stability. -- Abstract: Mg-doped Li[Li 0.2 Ni 0.2 Mn 0.6 ]O 2 as a Li-rich cathode material of lithium-ion batteries were prepared by co-precipitation method and ball-milling treatment using Mg(OH) 2 as a dopant. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), ex situ X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and galvantatic charge/discharge were used to investigate the effect of Mg doping on structure and electrochemical performance. Compared with the bare material, Mg-doped materials exhibit better cycle stabilities and superior rate capabilities. Li[Li 0.2 Ni 0.195 Mn 0.595 Mg 0.01 ]O 2 displays a high reversible capacity of 226.5 mAh g −1 after 60 cycles at 0.1 C. The excellent cycle performance can be attributed to the improvement in structure stability, which is verified by XRD tests before and after 60 cycles. EIS results show that Mg doping decreases the charge-transfer resistance and enhances the reaction kinetics, which is considered to be the major factor for higher rate performance

  8. Phenomenological-based kinetics modelling of dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene over a Mg 3 Fe 0.25 Mn 0.25 Al 0.5 hydrotalcite catalyst

    KAUST Repository

    Hossain, Mohammad M.; Atanda, Luqman; Al-Khattaf, Sulaiman

    2012-01-01

    This communication reports a mechanism-based kinetics modelling for the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene (ST) using Mg3Fe0.25Mn0.25Al0.5 catalyst. Physicochemical characterisation of the catalyst indicates that the presence of basic sites

  9. Structural characterization of Mg{sub 3}MnH{sub {approx}}{sub 6}--a new high-pressure phase synthesized in a multi-anvil cell at 6 GPa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blomqvist, Helen; Roennebro, Ewa; Kyoi, Daisuke; Sakai, Tetsuo; Noreus, Dag

    2003-08-25

    With modern X-ray diffraction refinement methods it was shown to be possible to identify a new Mg{sub 3}MnH{sub {approx}}{sub 6} phase from a minute sample volume in spite of poor crystallinity and coexisting impurity phases. The new hydride was synthesized at 6 GPa in a high-pressure multi-anvil cell at 873 K. A monoclinic unit cell was found with a=8.827(2), b=4.657(2), c=4.676(2) A and {beta}=105.74(2) deg., space group P2{sub 1}/m (no. 11), Z=2, V=184.99 A{sup 3}. Manganese is surrounded by a distorted cube of magnesium with average Mn-Mg distances of 2.78(2) A. The cubes share edges in the b and c directions of the unit cell but are separated by a distance of {approx}3.6 A along a, forming a layered structure. The hydrogen positions were not possible to determine, as only a small sample amount could be prepared. If the metal atom structure of the title compound is compared to the already known Mg{sub 3}MnH{sub 7} it can be concluded that Mg{sub 3}MnH{sub {approx}}{sub 6} also consists of manganese hydrido complexes counterbalanced by magnesium ions, but with a different alignment of the magnesium cubes.

  10. Evaluation of the levels of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca Bivalvia) collected in the coast of Sao Paulo state, Brazil; Avaliacao dos teores de Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn e V em mexilhoes Perna perna (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca Bivalvia) coletados no litoral do estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Daniele

    2012-07-01

    The coastal environment has been heavily altered by multiple environmental impacts of human activities, such as disposal of sewage from urban areas, the release of numerous chemical industries, agriculture and the flow of vessels, which can lead to accidental spills of oil and oil products, fuels and other products transported by sea. In this context, a means of determining concentrations of these potentially toxic substances in the sea water is the biomonitoring by means of different types of bivalves, which have been used by various researchers, in Brazil and other countries. With regard to bivalve mollusks, particularly mussels, their use in monitoring the marine contamination is mainly due to their wide geographic distribution, sessile habit and ability to concentrate toxic metals to 102-105 times in relation to the concentrations detected in water. In the present study, we employed the passive biomonitoring using the Perna perna bivalve mollusk with respect to the elements Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V. These elements were chosen since they can be determined by INAA method (Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis), by means of short irradiation which provides faster analyzes and also due to their importance from the standpoint of environmental or nutritional studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the content of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in samples of Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca, Bivalvia) collected in coastal regions of Sao Paulo subject to anthropogenic contamination (Ponta de Itaipu and Palmas Island, in Santos), comparing the values obtained in sites potentially impacted with the values of the control site in Praia da Cocanha, in Caraguatatuba. The collection points located in Sao Paulo coast are located in the geographical areas 23 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator 37'S - 45 Degree-Sign 24' W (Caraguatatuba) and 23 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator 57'S - 46 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator 20' W (Santos). The collection of organisms

  11. Evaluation of the levels of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca Bivalvia) collected in the coast of Sao Paulo state, Brazil; Avaliacao dos teores de Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn e V em mexilhoes Perna perna (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca Bivalvia) coletados no litoral do estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Daniele

    2012-07-01

    The coastal environment has been heavily altered by multiple environmental impacts of human activities, such as disposal of sewage from urban areas, the release of numerous chemical industries, agriculture and the flow of vessels, which can lead to accidental spills of oil and oil products, fuels and other products transported by sea. In this context, a means of determining concentrations of these potentially toxic substances in the sea water is the biomonitoring by means of different types of bivalves, which have been used by various researchers, in Brazil and other countries. With regard to bivalve mollusks, particularly mussels, their use in monitoring the marine contamination is mainly due to their wide geographic distribution, sessile habit and ability to concentrate toxic metals to 102-105 times in relation to the concentrations detected in water. In the present study, we employed the passive biomonitoring using the Perna perna bivalve mollusk with respect to the elements Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V. These elements were chosen since they can be determined by INAA method (Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis), by means of short irradiation which provides faster analyzes and also due to their importance from the standpoint of environmental or nutritional studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the content of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in samples of Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca, Bivalvia) collected in coastal regions of Sao Paulo subject to anthropogenic contamination (Ponta de Itaipu and Palmas Island, in Santos), comparing the values obtained in sites potentially impacted with the values of the control site in Praia da Cocanha, in Caraguatatuba. The collection points located in Sao Paulo coast are located in the geographical areas 23 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator 37'S - 45 Degree-Sign 24' W (Caraguatatuba) and 23 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator 57'S - 46 Masculine-Ordinal-Indicator 20' W (Santos). The collection of organisms was performed in all

  12. Fabrication of a 3D Hierarchical Sandwich Co9 S8 /α-MnS@N-C@MoS2 Nanowire Architectures as Advanced Electrode Material for High Performance Hybrid Supercapacitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandula, Syam; Shrestha, Khem Raj; Kim, Nam Hoon; Lee, Joong Hee

    2018-05-10

    Supercapacitors suffer from lack of energy density and impulse the energy density limit, so a new class of hybrid electrode materials with promising architectures is strongly desirable. Here, the rational design of a 3D hierarchical sandwich Co 9 S 8 /α-MnS@N-C@MoS 2 nanowire architecture is achieved during the hydrothermal sulphurization reaction by the conversion of binary mesoporous metal oxide core to corresponding individual metal sulphides core along with the formation of outer metal sulphide shell at the same time. Benefiting from the 3D hierarchical sandwich architecture, Co 9 S 8 /α-MnS@N-C@MoS 2 electrode exhibits enhanced electrochemical performance with high specific capacity/capacitance of 306 mA h g -1 /1938 F g -1 at 1 A g -1 , and excellent cycling stability with a specific capacity retention of 86.9% after 10 000 cycles at 10 A g -1 . Moreover, the fabricated asymmetric supercapacitor device using Co 9 S 8 /α-MnS@N-C@MoS 2 as the positive electrode and nitrogen doped graphene as the negative electrode demonstrates high energy density of 64.2 Wh kg -1 at 729.2 W kg -1 , and a promising energy density of 23.5 Wh kg -1 is still attained at a high power density of 11 300 W kg -1 . The hybrid electrode with 3D hierarchical sandwich architecture promotes enhanced energy density with excellent cyclic stability for energy storage. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Fatigue damage evolution of cold-worked austenitic nickel-free high-nitrogen steel X13CrMnMoN18-14-3 (1.4452)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tikhovskiy, I.; Weiss, S.; Fischer, A. [Univ. of Duisburg-Essen, Materials Science and Engineering II, Duisburg (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    Due to the fact that the risk of Ni-allergies becomes more and more important for modern therapies, the necessity of Ni-free implant materials becomes increasingly important. Beside Co- and Ti-base alloys Ni-free high-nitrogen steels may offer an attractive alternative. The present work presents the austenitic high-nitrogen and nickel-free steel X13CrMnMoN18-14-3, (Material No.: 1.4452) after 20% cold-working. In addition this material was deformed under axial cyclic total strain controlled fatigue tests at room temperature. The development of dislocation structure due to different loading amplitudes was compared to none cyclically deformed material. The good mechanical und fatigue properties of these austenitic high-nitrogen steels as well as the better tribological, chemical and biological properties compared to CrNiMo-steels qualify these steels as a promising alternative in medical applications. (orig.)

  14. Influence of Mg{sup 2+} doping on the structure and electrochemical performances of layered LiNi{sub 0.6}Co{sub 0.2-x}Mn{sub 0.2}Mg{sub x}O{sub 2} cathode materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Zhenjun; Wang, Zhixing, E-mail: zxwang.csu@hotmail.com; Guo, Huajun; Li, Xinhai

    2016-06-25

    Introducing the Mg ion into host lattice is applied to improving the electrochemical performance of LiNi{sub 0.6}Co{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.2}O{sub 2}. The effect of Mg substitution for Co on the structure, morphology, electrochemical properties and Li{sup +} diffusion coefficients are investigated in details. Rietveld refinement results reveal that Mg is incorporated into the bulk lattice, which results in reduced cation mixing and expand c-lattice parameter. All Mg-doped sample exhibit better cycle and rate performances, although the Mg substitution for Co led to decreasing a part of capacity. The Li diffusion coefficients obtained by galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT) are increased with increases of Mg content. - Highlights: • Mg-doped sample exhibits better electrochemical performance. • The change of crystal structure by Mg doping are studied. • The Mg doping improves the lithium ion diffusion coefficient.

  15. Abnormal Grain Growth in the Heat Affected Zone of Friction Stir Welded Joint of 32Mn-7Cr-1Mo-0.3N Steel during Post-Weld Heat Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yijun Li

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The abnormal grain growth in the heat affected zone of the friction stir welded joint of 32Mn-7Cr-1Mo-0.3N steel after post-weld heat treatment was confirmed by physical simulation experiments. The microstructural stability of the heat affected zone can be weakened by the welding thermal cycle. It was speculated to be due to the variation of the non-equilibrium segregation state of solute atoms at the grain boundaries. In addition, the pressure stress in the welding process can promote abnormal grain growth in the post-weld heat treatment.

  16. First principles study of structural, electronic, magnetic and elastic properties of Mg{sub 0.75}TM{sub 0.25}S (TM=Mn, Fe, Co, Ni)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gous, M.H., E-mail: gousph@hotmail.fr; Meddour, A., E-mail: a_meddour@yahoo.fr; Bourouis, Ch., E-mail: bourouisse_ch@yahoo.fr

    2017-01-15

    The objective of this work is to predict the structural, electronic, magnetic and elastic properties of Mg{sub 1−x}TM{sub x}S (TM=Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) compound in the zinc blende Ferromagnetic phase using first principal approach. The structural and elastic properties are performed using the generalized gradient approximation proposed by Wu and Cohen(WC-GGA). However, the electronic and magnetic properties have been performed using modified Becke-Johnson potential combined with the LDA correlation (mBJLDA). The results show that all compounds Mg{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x}S, Mg{sub 1−x}Fe{sub x}S and Mg{sub 1−x}Ni{sub x}S exhibit a half-metallic ferromagnetic character with 100% spin-polarization at the Fermi level, except Mg{sub 1−x}Co{sub x}S is a metal. For each compounds study here, the total magnetic momentum is an integer equal to magnetic moments of TM atom in their free space charge value. Due to the p–d hybridization, there is a small local magnetic moment on the Mg and S sites; whereas, the local magnetic moments of TM atom reduce from their free space charge value. In addition, we investigate the mechanical behavior of MgS and Mg{sub 1−x}TM{sub x}S; all compounds studied here are mechanically stable and exhibit a strong anisotropic behavior. - Highlights: • Our results could be a prediction for coming works. • According to our results of electronic properties: Mg{sub 0.75}Co{sub 0.25}S is metal. Mg{sub 0.75}Mn{sub 0.25}S, Mg{sub 0.75}Fe{sub 0.25}S and Mg{sub 0.75}Ni{sub 0.25}S exhibit half-metallic ferromagnetic behavior with 100% spin polarization at Fermi level. • We found that MgS and Mg{sub 0.75}TM{sub 0.25}S (TM=Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) compounds are mechanically stable, ductile materials and have an anisotropic Young's Modulus. • It is likely that these materials have a high Curie temperature.

  17. High performance Mo adsorbent PZC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon,

    1998-10-01

    We have developed Mo adsorbents for natural Mo(n, {gamma}){sup 99}Mo-{sup 99m}Tc generator. Among them, we called the highest performance adsorbent PZC that could adsorb about 250 mg-Mo/g. In this report, we will show the structure, adsorption mechanism of Mo, and the other useful properties of PZC when you carry out the examination of Mo adsorption and elution of {sup 99m}Tc. (author)

  18. Influence of sulfate ion concentration and pH on the corrosion of Mg-Al-Zn-Mn (GA9 magnesium alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudarshana Shetty

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The corrosion behavior of Mg-Al-Zn-Mn (GA9 alloy in sodium sulfate solutions was studied over a range of concentrations and solution temperatures at different pH conditions by electrochemical techniques like Tafel extrapolation and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS. The studies were carried out in solutions with sodium sulfate concentrations 0.1M, 0.5M, 1M, 1.5M and 2M; and at five different temperatures of 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50 °C in a pH range of 3–12. As per the experimental data, the corrosion rate of the alloy increased with the increase in temperature, and also with the increase in concentration of sodium sulfate in the medium. It was observed that the rate of corrosion decreased with the increase in pH. The activation parameters like activation energy, enthalpy of activation and entropy of activation for the corrosion process were calculated. The surface morphology of the alloy was examined before and after corrosion using scanning electron microscopy (SEM.

  19. The influence of laser alloying on the structure and mechanical properties of AlMg5Si2Mn surface layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakieła, W.; Tański, T.; Brytan, Z.; Labisz, K.

    2016-04-01

    The goal of this paper was focused on investigation of microstructure and properties of surface layer produced during laser surface treatment of aluminium alloy by high-power fibre laser. The performed laser treatment involves remelting and feeding of Inconel 625 powder into the aluminium surface. As a base metal was used aluminium alloy AlMg5Si2Mn. The Inconel powder was injected into the melt pool and delivered by a vacuum feeder at a constant rate of 4.5 g/min. The size of Inconel alloying powder was in the range 60-130 µm. In order to remelt the aluminium alloy surface, the fibre laser of 3 kW laser beam power has been used. The linear laser scan rate of the beam was set 0.5 m/min. Based on performed investigations, it was possible to obtain the layer consisting of heat-affected zone, transition zone and remelted zone, without cracks and defects having much higher hardness value compared to the non-alloyed material.

  20. Direct transformation of calcium sulfite to {alpha}-calcium sulfate hemihydrate in a concentrated Ca-Mg-Mn chloride solution under atmospheric pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baohong Guan; Hailu Fu; Jie Yu; Guangming Jiang; Bao Kong; Zhongbiao Wu [Zhejiang University, Hangzhou (China). Department of Environmental Engineering

    2011-01-15

    Massive quantities of sulfite-rich flue gas desulfurization (FGD) scrubber sludge have been generated by coal burning power plants. Utilization of the sulfite-rich sludge for preparing {alpha}-calcium sulfate hemihydrate ({alpha}-HH), an important kind of cementitious material, is of particular interest to electric utilities and environmental preservation. In the experiment, calcium sulfite hemihydrate was directly transformed to {alpha}-HH without the occurrence of calcium sulfate dihydrate (DH). The transformation was performed in a concentrated CaCl{sub 2} solution containing Mg{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} at 95{sup o}C, atmospheric pressure and low pH. The oxidation of calcium sulfite and the subsequent crystallization of {alpha}-HH constitute the whole conversion, during which the oxidation turns out to be the rate controlling step. Solid solution comprised of calcium sulfite hemihydrate and calcium sulfate was found to coexist with {alpha}-HH in the suspension. Calcium sulfate increases and calcium sulfite decreases spontaneously until the solid solution disappears. Thus, it is a potential alternative to utilize sulfite-rich FGD scrubber sludge for the direct preparation of {alpha}-HH. 36 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Influence of biodegradable polymer coatings on corrosion, cytocompatibility and cell functionality of Mg-2.0Zn-0.98Mn magnesium alloy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witecka, Agnieszka; Yamamoto, Akiko; Idaszek, Joanna; Chlanda, Adrian; Święszkowski, Wojciech

    2016-08-01

    Four kinds of biodegradable polymers were employed to prepare bioresorbable coatings on Mg-2.0Zn-0.98Mn (ZM21) alloy to understand the relationship between polymer characteristics, protective effects on substrate corrosion, cytocompatibility and cell functionality. Poly-l-lactide (PLLA), poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB), poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) or poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) was spin-coated on ZM21, obtaining a smooth, non-porous coating less than 0.5μm in thickness. Polymer coating characterization, a degradation study, and biocompatibility evaluations were performed. After 4 w of immersion into cell culture medium, degradation of PLGA and PLLA coatings were confirmed by ATR-FTIR observation. The coatings of PLLA, PHB and PHBV, which have lower water permeability and slower degradation than PLGA, provide better suppression of initial ZM21 degradation and faster promotion of human osteosarcoma cell growth and differentiation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. EPR and optical properties of Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} co-doped MgSrAl{sub 10}O{sub 17} blue–green light emitting powder phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, N. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701 (Korea, Republic of); Singh, Vijay, E-mail: vijayjiin2006@yahoo.com [Department of Chemical Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701 (Korea, Republic of); Sivaramaiah, G. [Department of Physics, Government College (M), Kadapa 516 004 (India); Rao, J.L. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502 (India); Singh, Pramod K. [Materials Research Laboratory, Sharda University, Greater Noida 201 310 (India); Pathak, M.S. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701 (Korea, Republic of); Dhoble, S.J. [Department of Physics, RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur 440 033 (India); Mohapatra, M. [Radiochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2016-10-15

    Strong blue–green light emitting MgSrAl{sub 10}O{sub 17}:Eu{sup 2+},Mn{sup 2+} phosphor was synthesized by a low-temperature initiated, self-propagating and gas producing combustion process in a very short time (<5 min). Structural characterization of the luminescent material was studied with X-ray diffraction analysis and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. The absorption spectrum exhibits bands due to Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 3+} ions. The excitation spectrum shows a peak at 337 nm. Upon excitation at 337 nm, the emission spectrum exhibits an intense band centered at 462 nm due to transitions from the 4f{sup 6}5d{sup 1} to the 4f{sup 7} configuration of the Eu{sup 2+} ions, whereas sharp peak at 513 nm attributed to {sup 4}T{sub 1}→{sup 6}A{sub 1} transition of Mn{sup 2+} ions. The X-band EPR spectra of MgSrAl{sub 10}O{sub 17}:Eu{sup 2+},Mn{sup 2+} showed the presence of Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} ions.

  3. Nanocrystalline spinel ferrite (MFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, M = Ni, Co, Mn, Mg, Zn) powders prepared by a simple aloe vera plant-extracted solution hydrothermal route

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phumying, Santi; Labuayai, Sarawuth; Swatsitang, Ekaphan; Amornkitbamrung, Vittaya [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand); Integrated Nanotechnology Research Center (INRC), Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand); Maensiri, Santi, E-mail: santimaensiri@gmail.com [School of Physics, Institute of Science, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand)

    2013-06-01

    Graphical abstract: This figure shows the specific magnetization curves of the as-prepared MFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Mg, Zn) powders obtained from room temperature VSM measurement. These curves are typical for a soft magnetic material and indicate hysteresis ferromagnetism in the field ranges of ±500 Oe, ±1000 Oe, and ±2000 Oe for the CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} respectively, whereas the samples of NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} show a superparamagnetic behavior. Highlights: ► Nanocrystalline MFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} powders were synthesized by a novel hydrothermal method. ► Metal acetylacetonates and aloe vera plant-extracted solution are used. ► This biosynthetic route is very simple and provides high-yield oxide nanomaterials. ► XRD and TEM results indicate that the prepared samples have only spinel structure. ► The maximum M{sub s} of 68.9 emu/g at 10 kOe were observed for the samples of MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. - Abstract: Nanocrystalline spinel ferrite MFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Mg, Zn) powders were synthesized by a novel hydrothermal method using Fe(acac){sub 3}, M(acac){sub 3} (M = Ni, Co, Mn, Mg, Zn) and aloe vera plant extracted solution. The X-ray diffraction and selected-area electron diffraction results indicate that the synthesized nanocrystalline have only spinel structure without the presence of other phase impurities. The crystal structure and morphology of the spinel ferrite powders, as revealed by TEM, show that the NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} samples contain nanoparticles, whereas the MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} samples consist of many nanoplatelets and nanoparticles. Interestingly, the ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} sample contains plate-like structure of networked nanocrystalline particles. Room temperature magnetization results show a ferromagnetic behavior of the CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and MgFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} samples, whereas the

  4. Raman spectroscopy of DNA-metal complexes. II. The thermal denaturation of DNA in the presence of Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, and Cd2+.

    OpenAIRE

    Duguid, J G; Bloomfield, V A; Benevides, J M; Thomas, G J

    1995-01-01

    Differential scanning calorimetry, laser Raman spectroscopy, optical densitometry, and pH potentiometry have been used to investigate DNA melting profiles in the presence of the chloride salts of Ba2+, Sr2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, and Cd2+. Metal-DNA interactions have been observed for the molar ratio [M2+]/[PO2-] = 0.6 in aqueous solutions containing 5% by weight of 160 bp mononucleosomal calf thymus DNA. All of the alkaline earth metals, plus Mn2+, elevate the melting temperature of ...

  5. Ultrasensitive photoelectrochemical aptasensor for lead ion detection based on sensitization effect of CdTe QDs on MoS2-CdS:Mn nanocomposites by the formation of G-quadruplex structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Jian-Jun; Zhu, Jing-Chun; Zhao, Ming; Wang, Yan; Yang, Ping; He, Jie

    2018-06-01

    An ultrasensitive photoelectrochemical (PEC) aptasensor for lead ion (Pb 2+ ) detection was fabricated based on MoS 2 -CdS:Mn nanocomposites and sensitization effect of CdTe quantum dots (QDs). MoS 2 -CdS:Mn modified electrode was used as the PEC matrix for the immobilization of probe DNA (pDNA) labeled with CdTe QDs. Target DNA (tDNA) were hybridized with pDNA to made the QDs locate away from the electrode surface by the rod-like double helix. The detection of Pb 2+ was based on the conformational change of the pDNA to G-quadruplex structure in the presence of Pb 2+ , which made the labeled QDs move close to the electrode surface, leading to the generation of sensitization effect and evident increase of the photocurrent intensity. The linear range was 50 fM to 100 nM with a detection limit of 16.7 fM. The recoveries of the determination of Pb 2+ in real samples were in the range of 102.5-108.0%. This proposed PEC aptasensor provides a new sensing strategy for various heavy metal ions at ultralow levels. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Hydrothermal synthesis and crystal structure of a new molybdenum oxide compound with manganese-o-phen subunit: [Mn(o-phen)(H2O)MoO4]·H2O (o-phen=o-phenanthroline)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Quanzheng; Lu Canzhong; Yang Wenbin; Chen Shumei; Yu Yaqin; He Xiang; Yan Ying; Liu Jiuhui; Xu Xinjiang; Xia Changkun; Wu Xiaoyuan; Chen Lijuan

    2004-01-01

    A new one-dimensional molybdenum oxide compound with manganese-o-phen subunit: [Mn(o-phen)(H 2 O)MoO 4 ]·H 2 O (1) (o-phen=o-phenanthroline) was synthesized by the hydrothermal reaction of Na 2 MoO 4 ·2H 2 O, MnSO 4 ·H 2 O, oxalic acid, o-phenanthroline (o-phen) and water. Its structure was determined by elemental analyses, ESR spectrum, TG analysis, IR spectrum and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 crystallizes in triclinic system, space group P-1 with a=7.0401(2) A, b=10.4498(2) A, c=10.5720(2) A, α=73.26(7) deg., β=83.34(8) deg., γ=77.33(9) deg., V=725.5089(0) A 3 , Z=2, and R 1 =0.0322 for 2337 observed reflections. Compound 1 exhibits one-dimensional chain structure. The chains are linked up via hydrogen bonding to 2D layers, which are further assembled through π-π stacking interactions to a 3D supermolecular structure

  7. Raman spectroscopy of DNA-metal complexes. I. Interactions and conformational effects of the divalent cations: Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Pd, and Cd.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duguid, J; Bloomfield, V A; Benevides, J; Thomas, G J

    1993-11-01

    Interactions of divalent metal cations (Mg2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Sr2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Pd2+, and Cd2+) with DNA have been investigated by laser Raman spectroscopy. Both genomic calf-thymus DNA (> 23 kilobase pairs) and mononucleosomal fragments (160 base pairs) were employed as targets of metal interaction in solutions containing 5 weight-% DNA and metal:phosphate molar ratios of 0.6:1. Raman difference spectra reveal that transition metal cations (Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Pd2+, and Cd2+) induce the greatest structural changes in B-DNA. The Raman (vibrational) band differences are extensive and indicate partial disordering of the B-form backbone, reduction in base stacking, reduction in base pairing, and specific metal interaction with acceptor sites on the purine (N7) and pyrimidine (N3) rings. Many of the observed spectral changes parallel those accompanying thermal denaturation of B-DNA and suggest that the metals link the bases of denatured DNA. While exocyclic carbonyls of dT, dG, and dC may stabilize metal ligation, correlation plots show that perturbations of the carbonyls are mainly a consequence of metal-induced denaturation of the double helix. Transition metal interactions with the DNA phosphates are weak in comparison to interactions with the bases, except in the case of Cu2+, which strongly perturbs both base and phosphate group vibrations. On the other hand, the Raman signature of B-DNA is largely unperturbed by Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, and Ba2+, suggesting much weaker interactions of the alkaline earth metals with both base and phosphate sites. A notable exception is a moderate perturbation by alkaline earths of purine N7 sites in 160-base pair DNA, with Ca2+ causing the greatest effect. Correlation plots demonstrate a strong interrelationship between perturbations of Raman bands assigned to ring vibrations of the bases and those of bands assigned to exocyclic carbonyls and backbone phosphodiester groups. However, strong correlations do not occur between

  8. The structure of the local interstellar medium. VI. New Mg II, Fe II, and Mn II observations toward stars within 100 pc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malamut, Craig; Redfield, Seth; Linsky, Jeffrey L.; Wood, Brian E.; Ayres, Thomas R.

    2014-01-01

    We analyze high-resolution spectra obtained with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph onboard the Hubble Space Telescope toward 34 nearby stars (≤100 pc) to record Mg II, Fe II, and Mn II absorption due to the local interstellar medium (LISM). Observations span the entire sky, probing previously unobserved regions of the LISM. The heavy ions studied in this survey produce narrow absorption features that facilitate the identification of multiple interstellar components. We detected one to six individual absorption components along any given sight line, and the number of absorbers roughly correlates with the pathlength. This high-resolution near-ultraviolet (NUV) spectroscopic survey was specifically designed for sight lines with existing far-UV (FUV) observations. The FUV spectra include many intrinsically broad absorption lines (i.e., of low atomic mass ions) and are often observed at medium resolution. The LISM NUV narrow-line absorption component structure presented here can be used to more accurately interpret the archival FUV observations. As an example of this synergy, we present a new analysis of the temperature and turbulence along the line of sight toward ε Ind. The new observations of LISM velocity structure are also critical in the interpretation of astrospheric absorption derived from fitting the saturated H I Lyα profile. As an example, we reanalyze the spectrum of λ And and find that this star likely does have an astrosphere. Two stars in the sample that have circumstellar disks (49 Cet and HD141569) show evidence for absorption due to disk gas. Finally, the substantially increased number of sight lines is used to test and refine the three-dimensional kinematic model of the LISM and search for previously unidentified clouds within the Local Bubble. We find that every prediction made by the Redfield and Linsky kinematic model of the LISM is confirmed by an observed component in the new lines of sight.

  9. Size Effect Studies of the Creep Behaviour of 20MnMoNi55 at Temperatures from 700 oC to 900 oC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krompholz, K.; Groth, E.; Kalkhof, D.

    2000-11-01

    One of the objectives of the REVISA project (REactor Vessel Integrity in Severe Accidents) is to assess size and scale effects in plastic flow and failure. This includes an experimental programme devoted to characterising the influence of specimen size, strain rate, and strain gradients at various temperatures. One of the materials selected was the forged reactor pressure vessel material 20 MnMoNi 55, material number 1.6310 (heat number 69906). Among others, a size effect study of the creep response of this material was performed, using geometrically similar smooth specimens with 5 mm and 20 mm diameter. The tests were done under constant load in an inert atmosphere at 700 o C, 800 o C, and 900 o C, close to and within the phase transformation regime. The mechanical stresses varied from 10 MPa to 30 MPa, depending on temperature. Prior to creep testing the temperature and time dependence of scale oxidation as well as the temperature regime of the phase transformation was determined. The creep tests were supplemented by metallographical investigations.The test results are presented in form of creep curves strain versus time from which characteristic creep data were determined as a function of the stress level at given temperatures. The characteristic data are the times to 5% and 15% strain and to rupture, the secondary (minimum) creep rate, the elongation at fracture within the gauge length, the type of fracture and the area reduction after fracture. From metallographical investigations the austenitic phase contents at different temperatures could be estimated. From these data also the parameters of the regression calculation (e.g. Norton's creep law) were obtained. The evaluation revealed that the creep curves and characteristic data are size dependent of varying degree, depending on the stress and temperature level, but the size influence cannot be related to corrosion or orientation effects or to macroscopic heterogeneity (position effect) of the original

  10. Size Effect Studies of the Creep Behaviour of 20MnMoNi55 at Temperatures from 700 {sup o}C to 900 {sup o}C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krompholz, K.; Groth, E.; Kalkhof, D

    2000-11-01

    One of the objectives of the REVISA project (REactor Vessel Integrity in Severe Accidents) is to assess size and scale effects in plastic flow and failure. This includes an experimental programme devoted to characterising the influence of specimen size, strain rate, and strain gradients at various temperatures. One of the materials selected was the forged reactor pressure vessel material 20 MnMoNi 55, material number 1.6310 (heat number 69906). Among others, a size effect study of the creep response of this material was performed, using geometrically similar smooth specimens with 5 mm and 20 mm diameter. The tests were done under constant load in an inert atmosphere at 700 {sup o}C, 800 {sup o}C, and 900 {sup o}C, close to and within the phase transformation regime. The mechanical stresses varied from 10 MPa to 30 MPa, depending on temperature. Prior to creep testing the temperature and time dependence of scale oxidation as well as the temperature regime of the phase transformation was determined. The creep tests were supplemented by metallographical investigations.The test results are presented in form of creep curves strain versus time from which characteristic creep data were determined as a function of the stress level at given temperatures. The characteristic data are the times to 5% and 15% strain and to rupture, the secondary (minimum) creep rate, the elongation at fracture within the gauge length, the type of fracture and the area reduction after fracture. From metallographical investigations the austenitic phase contents at different temperatures could be estimated. From these data also the parameters of the regression calculation (e.g. Norton's creep law) were obtained. The evaluation revealed that the creep curves and characteristic data are size dependent of varying degree, depending on the stress and temperature level, but the size influence cannot be related to corrosion or orientation effects or to macroscopic heterogeneity (position effect) of

  11. The effect of high charging rates activation on the specific discharge capacity and efficiency of a negative electrode based on a LaMgAlMnCoNi alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferreira, E.A.; Zarpelon, L.M.C.; Casini, J.C.S.; Takiishi, H.; Faria, R.N.

    2009-01-01

    A nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) rechargeable battery has been prepared using a La 0.7 Mg 0.3 Al 0.3 Mn 0.4 Co 0.5 Ni 3.8 alloy as the negative electrode. The maximum discharge capacity of the La 0.7 Mg 0.3 Al 0.3 Mn 0.4 Co 0.5 Ni 3.8 alloy has been determined (350 mAh/g). Using a high starting charging rate (2857 mAg -1 ) an efficiency of 49% has been achieved in the 4 th cycle. The alloy and powders have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). (author)

  12. Analysis of (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Mn{sup 2+} phosphors for application in solid state lighting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, J.K. [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Piqutte, A.; Hannah, M.E. [OSRAM SYLVANIA Central Research, 71 Cherry Hill Drive Beverly, MA 01915 (United States); Hirata, G.A. [Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnolgía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Km. 107 Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada Apdo, Ensenada MX CP 22860 (Mexico); Talbot, J.B. [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); University of California, San Diego, Department of Nanoengineering, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Mishra, K.C. [OSRAM SYLVANIA Central Research, 71 Cherry Hill Drive Beverly, MA 01915 (United States); McKittrick, J., E-mail: jmckittrick@ucsd.edu [University of California, San Diego, Materials Science and Engineering Program, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); University of California, San Diego, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)

    2014-04-15

    The luminescence properties of Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} co-activated (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} phosphors prepared by combustion synthesis were studied. Eu{sup 2+}-activated (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} has a broad blue emission band centered at 450–485 nm and Eu{sup 2+}–Mn{sup 2+}-activated (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} exhibits a red emission around 620–703 nm, depending on the relative concentrations of Ba, Ca and Sr. The particle size of Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} co-activated (Ba,Ca){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} ranges from 300 nm to 1 μm depending on the metal ion and are agglomerated due to post-synthesis, high temperature annealing. The green emission of Ba{sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} originates from secondary phases (Ba{sub 2}SiO{sub 4} and BaMgSiO{sub 4}) confirmed by emission spectra and X-ray diffraction patterns. The secondary phases of Ba{sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} are removed by the addition of Sr. The quantum efficiencies range from 45% to 70% under 400 nm excitation and the lifetime of red emission of Ba{sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} decreases significantly with increasing temperature, which is 54% at 400 K of that at 80 K compared to that of blue emission (90% at 400 K of that at 80 K). -- highlights: • (Ba,Ca,Sr){sub 3}MgSi{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+}, Mn{sup 2+} phosphors were prepared by a combustion synthesis method. • The emission spectra consist of broad blue-emission band and red-emission band. • The quantum efficiencies range between 45% and 70%, depending on the relative concentrations of Ba, Ca and Sr. • The secondary phases were eliminated by additions of Sr. • Lifetime of the red-emission decreases with increasing temperature, suggesting that these phosphors are not useful for solid state lighting applications.

  13. The Effect of Powder Ball Milling on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Sintered Fe-Cr-Mo-Mn-(Cu) Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulecki, P.; Lichańska, E.

    2017-12-01

    The effect of ball milling powder mixtures of Höganäs pre-alloyed iron Astaloy CrM, low-carbon ferromanganese Elkem, elemental electrolytic Cu and C-UF graphite on the sintered structure and mechanical properties was evaluated. The mixing was conducted using Turbula mixer for 30 minutes and CDI-EM60 frequency inverter for 1 and 2 hours. Milling was performed on 150 g mixtures with (in weight %) CrM + 1% Mn, CrM + 2% Mn, CrM + 1% Mn + 1% Cu and CrM + 2% Mn + 1% Cu, all with 0.6%C. The green compacts were single pressed at 660 MPa according to PN-EN ISO 2740. Sintering was carried out in a laboratory horizontal furnace Carbolite STF 15/450 at 1250°C for 60 minutes in 5%H2 - 95%N2 atmosphere with a heating rate of 75°C/min, followed by sintering hardening at 60°C/min cooling rate. All the steels were characterized by martensitic structures. Mechanical testing revealed that steels based on milled powders have slightly higher mechanical properties compared to those only mixed and sintered. The best combination of mechanical properties, for ball milled CrM + 1% Mn + 1% Cu was UTS 1046 MPa, TRS 1336 MPa and A 1.94%.

  14. Attestation in self-propagating combustion approach of spinel AFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (A = Co, Mg and Mn) complexes bearing mixed oxidation states: Magnetostructural properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennet, J., E-mail: b.eenneett@gmail.com [Department of Physics, College of Engineering, Guindy, Anna University, Sardar Patel Road, Chennai,600025 (India); Tholkappiyan, R. [Department of Physics, College of Engineering, Guindy, Anna University, Sardar Patel Road, Chennai,600025 (India); Department of Physics, College of Science, UAE University, Al Ain 15551 (United Arab Emirates); Vishista, K.; Jaya, N. Victor [Department of Physics, College of Engineering, Guindy, Anna University, Sardar Patel Road, Chennai,600025 (India); Hamed, Fathalla [Department of Physics, College of Science, UAE University, Al Ain 15551 (United Arab Emirates)

    2016-10-15

    Highlights: • Spinel type ferrite compounds AFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (A = Co, Mg and Mn) have been successfully prepared by self-propagating combustion method using glycine as fuel. • To investigate and confirms the presence of phases in the synthesized ferrite nanoparticles by XRD and FTIR analysis. • The formation of mixed oxidation state of cobalt (Co{sup 2+} and Co{sup 3+}), iron (Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+}) and manganese (Mn{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 3+}) ions were studied and confirmed from XPS analysis. • The magnetic properties of the synthesized ferrites were studied by VSM measurement. - Abstract: Spinel type nano-sized ferrite compounds AFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (A = Co, Mg and Mn) have been successfully prepared by self-propagating combustion method using glycine as fuel at 400 °C under air atmosphere for 4 h. The crystal structure, chemical composition, morphology and magnetic properties of the synthesized samples were characterized by X−ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X−ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Energy dispersive X−ray, Scanning and Transmission electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer. The chemical reaction and role of fuel on the nanoparticles formation were discussed. The XRD pattern of the synthesized samples shows the formation of pure phase with average crystallite size of 97, 57 and 98 nm from Scherrer formula and 86, 54 and 87 nm from Williamson and Hall (W–H) formula respectively. FTIR absorption spectra revealed that the presence of strong absorption peaks near 400–600 cm{sup −1} corresponds to tetrahedral and octahedral complex of spinel ferrites. The relative concentrations of electronic states of elements such as cobalt (Co{sup 2+} and Co{sup 3+}), iron (Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+}) and manganese (Mn{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 3+}) oxidation states were studied from XPS and it is found that 55% of Fe ions are in Fe{sup 2+} state and the remaining is in Fe{sup 3+} state and thus the cationic distribution

  15. Effect of annealing treatment on structure and electrochemical performance of quenched MmNi4.2Co0.3Mn0.4Al0.3Mg0.03 hydrogen storage alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou Zenglin; Song Yueqing; Cui Shun; Huang Changgeng; Qian Wenlian; Lin Chenguang; Zhang Yongjian; Lin Yulin

    2010-01-01

    MmNi 4.2 Co 0.3 Mn 0.4 Al 0.3 Mg 0.03 hydrogen storage alloy was prepared by single-roll rapid quenching followed by different annealing treatments for 8 h at 1133 K, 1173 K, 1213 K, and 1253 K, respectively. Alloy structure, phase composition, pressure-composition-temperature (PCT) properties, and electrochemical performance of different annealed alloys have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), energy dispersion spectrometer (EDS), automatic Sieverts-type apparatus, and electrochemical experiments. Electrochemical experiments indicate that the annealing treatment at 1213 K extends cycle life from 193 cycles to 358 cycles, increases the maximum discharge capacity, and slightly decreases the activation behavior. Alloy structure analyses show that the improvement in cycle life is attributed to the formation of a single CaCu 5 -type structure or the relief of an Mg-containing AlMnNi 2 -type second phase. Pressure composition isotherms results illustrate that both the hydrogen absorption capability and the dehydriding equilibrium pressure go up with increased annealing temperature. For its good performance/cost ratio, the Mg-added low-Co alloy annealed at 1213 K would be a promising substitution for MmNi 4.05 Co 0.45 Mn 0.4 Al 0.3 alloy product.

  16. Enhancement of Mechanical Properties of Extruded Mg-9Al-1Zn-1MM-0.7CaO-0.3Mn Alloy Through Pre-aging Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Seok Hoan; Kim, Yong Joo; Kong, Kyung Ho; Cho, Tae Hee; Kim, Young Kyun; Lim, Hyun Kyu; Kim, Won Tae; Kim, Do Hyang

    2018-03-01

    The effect of pre-aging treatment before extrusion has been investigated in Mg-9.0Al-1.0Zn-1MM-0.7CaO-0.3Mn alloy. The as-cast microstructure consists of α-Mg dendrite with secondary solidification phase particles, (Mg, Al)2Ca, β-Mg17Al12 and Al11RE3 at the inter-dendritic region. After extrusion, β-Mg17Al12 precipitates are present, but higher density and more homogeneous distribution in pre-aged alloy. In addition, μm-scale banded bulk β-Mg17Al12 particles are generated during extrusion. Al11RE3 particles are broken into small particles, and are aligned along the extrusion direction. (Mg, Al)2Ca particles are only slightly elongated along the extrusion direction, providing stronger particle stimulated nucleation (PSN) effect by severe deformation during extrusion. The mechanical properties can be significantly enhanced by introducing pre-aging treatment, i.e. β-Mg17Al12 precipitates provide grain refining and strengthening effects and (Mg, Al)2Ca particles provide PSN effect.

  17. Tunable-color luminescence via energy transfer in NaCa13/18Mg5/18PO4:A (A = Eu2+/Tb3+/Mn2+, Dy3+) phosphors for solid state lighting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kai; Fan, Jian; Mi, Xiaoyun; Zhang, Yang; Lian, Hongzhou; Shang, Mengmeng; Lin, Jun

    2014-11-17

    A series of NaCa13/18Mg5/18PO4(NCMPO):A (A = Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+), Dy(3+)) phosphors have been prepared by the high-temperature solid-state reaction method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld refinement, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), photoluminescence (PL), cathodoluminescence (CL), decay lifetimes, and PL quantum yields (QYs) were utilized to characterize the phosphors. The pure crystalline phase of as-prepared samples has been demonstrated via XRD measurement and Rietveld refinements. XPS reveals that the Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+) can be efficiently doped into the crystal lattice. NCMPO:Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+) phosphors can be effectively excited under UV radiation, which show tunable color from purple-blue to red including white emission based on energy transfer from Eu(2+) to Tb(3+)/Mn(2+) ions. Under low-voltage electron beam bombardment, the NCMPO:A (A = Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+), Dy(3+)) display their, respectively, characteristic emissions with different colors, and the CL spectrum of NCMPO:0.04Tb(3+) has the comparable intensity to the ZnO:Zn commercial product. In addition, the calculated CIE coordinate of NCMPO:0.04Tb(3+) (0.252, 0.432) is more saturated than it (0.195, 0.417). These results reveal that NCMPO:A (A = Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Mn(2+), Dy(3+)) may be potential candidate phosphors for WLEDs and FEDs.

  18. Structural, magnetic and Moessbauer spectral studies of aluminum substituted Mg-Mn-Ni ferrites (Mg{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 0.3}Al{sub y}Fe{sub 2-y}O{sub 4})

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verma, Satish, E-mail: satishapurva@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Govt. P.G. College, Solan-173212 (India); Chand, Jagdish [Department of Physics, Govt. P.G. College, Solan-173212 (India); Batoo, Khalid Mujasam [King Abdullah Institute of Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Singh, M. [Department of Physics, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer-Hill, Shimla-171005 (India)

    2013-02-25

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Single phase nanocrystalline Al{sup 3+} ions doped Mg-Mn-Ni ferrite have been synthesized by citrate precursor method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Particle size decreases as non-magnetic Al content increases. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The presence of doublets in the Moessbauer spectra can be attributed to superparamagnetic relaxation. - Abstract: Nanocrystalline Al{sup 3+} ions doped Mg{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 0.3}Al{sub y}Fe{sub 2-y}O{sub 4} compositions, where y = 0.0, 0.05 and 0.10 have been synthesized by citrate precursor method. Crystal structure and magnetic properties have been investigated at 300 K by means of X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope (TEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and Moessbauer spectra measurements. XRD study reveals that particle size decreases from 102.25 nm to 41.65 nm. A decrease in lattice constant and saturation magnetization was attributed to smaller ionic radius of Al{sup 3+} ions and weakening of super exchange interaction. Experimental and X-ray density decrease with increasing aluminum concentration. Though Moessbauer spectra of y = 0.0 exhibit normal Zeeman split sextets, spectra of samples for y = 0.05 and 0.10 are characterized by simultaneous presence of a central paramagnetic doublet. Dependence of Moessbauer parameters such as isomer shift, quadrupole splitting, linewidth and hyperfine magnetic field on Al{sup 3+} ions concentration have been discussed. Initial permeability '{mu}{sub i}', saturation magnetization (4 {pi}M{sub S}), retentivity (M{sub R}), Bohr magneton number (n{sub B}{sup N}), magneto crystalline anisotropy constant (K{sub 1}) and magnetic loss decreases while coercivity (H{sub C}) increases with increasing substitution of Al{sup 3+} ions. Magnetic loss has very low value in the range of 10{sup -3} which is two orders of magnitude less than samples prepared by conventional method.

  19. New measurement of excitation functions for (p,x) reactions on Mo-nat with special regard to the formation of Tc-95m, Tc96m+g, Tc-99m and Mo-99

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lebeda, Ondřej; Pruszynski, M.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 68, č. 12 (2010), s. 2355-2365 ISSN 0969-8043 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : Cross-sections * Tc-99m * Mo-99 Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 0.999, year: 2010

  20. Room-temperature synthesis of MnMoO{sub 4}{center_dot}H{sub 2}O nanorods by the microemulsion-based method and its photocatalytic performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mi Yan; Huang Zaiyin; Zhou Zeguang; Hu Feilong; Meng Qiufeng [College of Chemistry and Ecological Engineering, Guangxi University for Nationalities, Nanning 530006 (China)], E-mail: hzy210@yahoo.cn

    2009-09-01

    Manganese molybdate hydrates (MnMoO{sub 4}{center_dot}H{sub 2}O) nanorods have been synthesized at room temperature by a facile water-in-oil reverse microemulsion method. This technique was carried out in the reverse microemulsion of OP-10 (Polyoxyethylene octylphenol ether)-n-octanol-water-cyclohexane with a water/surfactant molar ratio {omega} = 10. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images showed that the diameters of these formed nanorods about 70 nm and lengthe up to 4 {mu}m, respectively. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) results showed that each nanorod was formed by serveral nanobelts which are stacked by a layer-by-layer process. These unique nanorods demonstrate good photocatalytic properties.

  1. Improved cycling performance of Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}-inlaid LiNi{sub 0.5}Co{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.3}O{sub 2} cathode materials for lithium-ion battery under high cutoff voltage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Manfang; Hu, Guorong; Liang, Longwei; Peng, Zhongdong; Du, Ke; Cao, Yanbing, E-mail: cybcsu@csu.edu.cn

    2016-07-15

    Uniform spherical xLi{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}-inlaid LiNi{sub 0.5}Co{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.3}O{sub 2} materials were successfully prepared through a solid state synthesis. To investigate the material characterization and electrochemical performance after Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} modification, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Rietveld refinement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) mapping, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and electrochemical tests were applied. The results of the XRD, Rietveld refinement, SEM and EDS analyses showed that a Mo atom may be incorporated into the crystal lattice of the layer structure. Moreover, the presence of Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} on the LiNi{sub 0.5}Co{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.3}O{sub 2} surface was observed. The thickness of the Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} coating layer on the xLi{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}-inlaid LiNi{sub 0.5}Co{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.3}O{sub 2} material (x = 0.02) was approximately 25 nm. Similarly, XPS was performed to determine the effect of Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} modification, confirming the presence of Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}. The xLi{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}-inlaid (x = 0.02) LiNi{sub 0.5}Co{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.3}O{sub 2} materials exhibited a retention capacity 83.5% higher than that of the bare material (40.9%) after 200 cycles at 0.5 C between 3.0 and 4.4 V, and it also exhibited the best electrochemical properties at a cutoff voltage of 4.5 V. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) confirmed that the modification of Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} plays an important role in improving the electrochemical performance of pristine LiNi{sub 0.5}Co{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.3}O{sub 2}. - Highlights: • Electrochemical performance of LiNi{sub 0.5}Co{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.3}O{sub 2} is improved by Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} modification. • Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4} modification can make the structure of the bare material stable. • Li{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}-inlaid Li[Ni{sub 0.5}Co{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.3}]O{sub 2

  2. Mild hydrothermal crystal growth of new uranium(IV) fluorides, Na3.13Mg1.43U6F30 and Na2.50Mn1.75U6F30: Structures, optical and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeon, Jeongho; Smith, Mark D.; Tapp, Joshua; Möller, Angela; zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

    2016-04-01

    Two new uranium(IV) fluorides, Na3.13Mg1.43U6F30 (1) and Na2.50Mn1.75U6F30 (2), were synthesized through an in situ mild hydrothermal route, and were structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The compounds exhibit complex crystal structures composed of corner- or edge-shared UF9 and MF6 (M=Mg, Mn) polyhedra, forming hexagonal channels in the three-dimensional framework, in which ordered or disordered divalent metal and sodium atoms reside. The large hexagonal voids contain the nearly regular M(II)F6 octahedra and sodium ions, whereas the small hexagonal cavities include M(II) and sodium ions on a mixed-occupied site. Magnetic susceptibility measurements yielded effective magnetic moments of 8.36 and 11.6 μB for 1 and 2, respectively, confirming the presence and oxidation states of U(IV) and Mn(II). The large negative Weiss constants indicate the spin gap between a triplet and a singlet state in the U(IV). Magnetization data as a function of applied fields revealed that 2 exhibits paramagnetic behavior due to the nonmagnetic singlet ground state of U(IV) at low temperature. UV-vis diffuse reflectance and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data were also analyzed.

  3. Effet du Mg et des oligo-éléments sur le comportement de cinq variétés d'arachides (Arachis hypogeae L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lumpungu, K.

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Effect of magnesium and trace elements on the development of five groundnut varieties (Arachis hypogeae L.. A study of Mg and certain minor elements (B, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo and Zn given by seed imbibition has been conducted. The results have shown that the effect of Mg and minor elements on the growth, yield (pods and seeds and lipids content of the seeds depend on the variety and rate of Mg and minor elements application.

  4. High temperature corrosion behaviour of Ti-46.6Al-1.4Mn-2Mo in environments of low oxygen and high sulphur potentials at 750 and 900 C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Du, H.L.; Datta, P.K.; Hwang, S.K.

    1997-01-01

    In this paper, the oxidation and sulphidation behaviour of a TiAl-based intermetallic, Ti-46.6Al-1.4Mn-2Mo (at%) with duplex and laminar microstructures, was investigated in environments of H 2 /H 2 S/H 2 O at 750 and 900 C. The corrosion kinetics of the intermetallic were determined by means of discontinuous gravimetry and the as-received and exposed samples were characterised using SEM, EDX and XRD. The weight gain/time data in the oxygen and sulphur containing environment used indicated parabolic kinetics with Kp∝10 -12 g 2 /cm 4 /s at 750 C and cubic kinetics at 900 C. The increase in exposure temperature did not significantly change the corrosion behaviour of the materials. The material showed the development of a multilayered scale consisting of an outermost TiO 2 layer beneath which an Al 2 O 3 layer existed: the formation of MnS and Al 2 S 3 was observed to occur between the oxide layers and substrate. This paper will discuss the significance of these results and consider the mechanisms responsible for degradation of this type of intermetallics in high sulphur and low oxygen environment with reference to their limit of temperature tolerance. (orig.)

  5. Corrosion behaviors of Zn/Al-Mn alloy composite coatings deposited on magnesium alloy AZ31B (Mg-Al-Zn)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Jifu; Zhang Wei; Yan Chuanwei; Du Keqin; Wang Fuhui

    2009-01-01

    After being pre-plated a zinc layer, an amorphous Al-Mn alloy coating was applied onto the surface of AZ31B magnesium alloy with a bath of molten salts. Then the corrosion performance of the coated magnesium alloy was examined in 3.5% NaCl solution by potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results showed that the single Zn layer was active in the test solution with a high corrosion rate while the Al-Mn alloy coating could effectively protect AZ31B magnesium alloy from corrosion in the solution. The high corrosion resistance of Al-Mn alloy coating was ascribed to an intact and stable passive film formed on the coating. The performances of the passive film on Al-Mn alloy were further investigated by Mott-Schottky curve and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. It was confirmed that the passive film exhibited n-type semiconducting behavior in 3.5% NaCl solution with a carrier density two orders of magnitude less than that formed on pure aluminum electrode. The XPS analysis indicated that the passive film was mainly composed of AlO(OH) after immersion for long time and the content of Mn was negligible in the outer part of the passive film. Based on the EIS measurement, electronic structure and composition analysis of the passive film, a double-layer structure, with a compact inner oxide and a porous outer layer, of the film was proposed for understanding the corrosion process of passive film, with which the experimental observations might be satisfactorily interpreted.

  6. Piezoelectric properties and temperature stability of Mn-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)-PbZrO3-PbTiO3 textured ceramics

    OpenAIRE

    Yan, Yongke; Cho, Kyung-Hoon; Priya, Shashank

    2012-01-01

    In this letter, we report the electromechanical properties of textured 0.4Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3) O-3-0.25PbZrO(3)-0.35PbTiO(3) (PMN-PZT) composition which has relatively high rhombohedral to tetragonal (R-T) transition temperature (TR-T of 160 degrees C) and Curie temperature (T-C of 234 degrees C) and explore the effect of Mn-doping on this composition. It was found that MnO2-doped textured PMN-PZT ceramics with 5 vol.% BaTiO3 template (T-5BT) exhibited inferior temperature stability. The coupling f...

  7. Absence of traditional magnetoresistivity mechanisms in Sr2FeMoO6 thin films grown on SrTiO3, MgO and NdGaO3 substrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saloaro, M; Majumdar, S; Huhtinen, H; Paturi, P

    2012-09-12

    Magnetoresistive double perovskite Sr(2)FeMoO(6) thin films were grown with two different deposition pressures on SrTiO(3), MgO and NdGaO(3) substrates by pulsed laser deposition and thorough structural, magnetic and magneto-transport characterization was made. According to x-ray diffraction, all the films were phase pure and fully textured. Indication of substrate dependent strain and low angle grain boundaries was found, especially in films on MgO. Both the deposition pressure and the choice of the substrate have a strong influence on the saturation magnetization, M(s), and Curie temperature, T(C). The structural and magnetic data indicate the presence of anti-site disorder (ASD) in the films. The temperature dependence of resistivity showed semiconductive behaviour at temperatures below 100 K and metallic behaviour at higher temperatures. The semiconductive behaviour was found to increase with increasing ASD. In good quality films, up to 12% negative magnetoresistance (MR) was observed and films grown on MgO and NGO substrates also showed low field MR. However, the most significant observation of this study was that the magnetoresistivity of these Sr(2)FeMoO(6) thin films could not be explained with any traditional MR mechanism, but carried the clear signature of superposition of different mechanisms, in particular low angle grain boundary tunnelling and suppression of antiferromagnetically ordered domains under a magnetic field.

  8. Ion microprobe assessment of the heterogeneity of Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and Mn/Ca ratios in Pecten maximus and Mytilus edulis (bivalvia shell calcite precipitated at constant temperature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. S. Freitas

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Small-scale heterogeneity of biogenic carbonate elemental composition can be a significant source of error in the accurate use of element/Ca ratios as geochemical proxies. In this study ion microprobe (SIMS profiles showed significant small-scale variability of Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and Mn/Ca ratios in new shell calcite of the marine bivalves Pecten maximus and Mytilus edulis that was precipitated during a constant-temperature culturing experiment. Elevated Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and Mn/Ca ratios were found to be associated with the deposition of elaborate shell features, i.e. a shell surface stria in P. maximus and surface shell disturbance marks in both species, the latter a common occurrence in bivalve shells. In both species the observed small-scale elemental heterogeneity most likely was not controlled by variable transport of ions to the extra-pallial fluid, but by factors such as the influence of shell organic content and/or crystal size and orientation, the latter reflecting conditions at the shell crystal-solution interface. In the mid and innermost regions of the P. maximus shell the lack of significant small-scale variation of Mg/Ca ratios, which is consistent with growth at constant temperature, suggest a potential application as a palaeotemperature proxy. Cross-growth band element/Ca ratio profiles in the interior of bivalve shells may provide more promising palaeo-environmental tools than sampling from the outer region of bivalve shells.

  9. Effect of Pulse Laser Welding Parameters and Filler Metal on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-4.7Mg-0.32Mn-0.21Sc-0.1Zr Alloy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Loginova

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The effect of pulse laser welding parameters and filler metal on microstructure and mechanical properties of the new heat-treatable, wieldable, cryogenic Al-4.7Mg-0.32Mn-0.21Sc-0.1Zr alloy were investigated. The optimum parameters of pulsed laser welding were found. They were 330–340 V in voltage, 0.2–0.25 mm in pulse overlap with 12 ms duration, and 2 mm/s speed and ramp-down pulse shape. Pulsed laser welding without and with Al-5Mg filler metal led to the formation of duplex (columnar and fine grains as-cast structures with hot cracks and gas porosity as defects in the weld zone. Using Al-5Ti-1B filler metal for welding led to the formation of the fine grain structure with an average grain size of 4 ± 0.2 µm and without any weld defects. The average concentration of Mg is 2.8%; Mn, 0.2%; Zr, 0.1%; Sc, 0.15%; and Ti, 2.1% were formed in the weld. The ultimate tensile strength (UTS of the welded alloy with AlTiB was 260 MPa, which was equal to the base metal in the as-cast condition. The UTS was increased by 60 MPa after annealing at 370 °C for 6 h that was 85% of UTS of the base alloy.

  10. Proton-oxygen conductivity in substituted perovskites ATi0.95Mo0.05O3-α (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; M = Sc, Mg) in the reducing hydrogen-containing atmospheres

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gorelov, V.P.; Balakireva, V.B.; Sharova, N.V.

    1999-01-01

    Electric conductivity depending on temperature, oxygen partial pressure, as well as the number of t i ion transfer and transfer hydrogen numbers in the perovskites ATi 0.95 Mo 0.05 O 3-α (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; M = Sc, Mg) in reducing hydrogen-containing atmospheres in the temperature range of 450-850 deg C have been measured. With the temperature decrease t i increases reaching 1.0 at a temperature of 550 deg C for all compositions. Proton conductivity under conditions of assumed concomitant transfer of either O 2- or OH - has been ascertained [ru

  11. Hydrogen storage and microstructure investigations of La0.7-xMg0.3PrxAl0.3Mn0.4Co0.5Ni3.8 alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galdino, G.S.; Casini, J.C.S.; Ferreira, E.A.; Faria, R.N.; Takiishi, H.

    2010-01-01

    The effects of substitution of Pr for La in the hydrogen storage capacity and microstructures of La 0.7-x Pr x Mg 0.3 Al 0.3 Mn 0.4 Co 0.5 Ni 3.8 (x=0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7) alloys electrodes have been studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) and electrical tests were carried out in a the alloys and electrodes. Cycles of charge and discharge have also been carried out in the Ni/MH (Metal hydride) batteries based on the alloys negative electrodes. (author)

  12. Los elementos traza (Mg, Sr, Ha, Fe, Mn) en carbonatos: ambiente genético del Karst del techo de la unidad intermedia de la Cuenca neógena de Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Cañaveras Jiménez, Juan Carlos; Ordóñez Delgado, Salvador; Hoyos Gómez, Manuel; Calvo Sorando, José Pedro

    1992-01-01

    Este trabajo trata de caracterizar geoquímicamente el karst del techo de la U. Intermedia del Mioceno en las partes centrales de la Cuenca de Madrid. Para ello se han estudiado una serie de elementos traza (Mg, Sr, Na, Fe y Mn) mediante fluorescencia de rayos X. En base a este estudio se han distinguido dos tipos de procesos: De reemplazamiento y/o recristalización, que implican la litificación y homogeneización química de un sedimento calcítico-dolomítico; y procesos de precipitación química...

  13. Magnetic soft mode behaviour investigated via multi-spin flip Raman spectroscopy on near surface Cd{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}Te/Cd{sub 1-y}Mg{sub y}Te quantum wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kehl, Christian

    2011-03-28

    The main motivation for this thesis was the experimental confirmation of the theoretically predicted magnetic soft mode and the analysis of its dependence on the hole-concentration and external B-field, as well as its disappearance with increasing sample temperature. For that purpose, CdMnTe/CdMgTe QWs (Mn: 0.6%, 1.0%) positioned close to the sample surface (13-19 nm) were investigated in an in-plane applied external magnetic field (up to 4.5 T in Voigt-geometry) via a two-colour experiment i.e. using two light sources. This allows the spin excitation of Mn-ions by simultaneously tuning the hole-concentration towards the ferromagnetic phase transition by photo-generated carriers. Thus, one tuneable laser is responsible for resonant below-barrier excitation as a probe for Multi-SF Raman scattering. The other laser excites photo-generated carriers from above barrier (2.41 eV) for tuning the hole concentration in the QW. Positioning the QW close to the sample surface causes a surface-induced p-doping of the QW (intrinsic hole concentration in the QW) and enables the active tuning of the hole concentration by photo-generated carriers due to different tunnelling behaviour of electrons and holes from the QW to the surface. The Mn-g-factor was decreased by quasi-continuously increasing the above-barrier illumination, while the below-barrier excitation was kept at a constant low power. This results in a Mn-g-factor reduction starting from its atomic value g=2.01 to lowest evaluated Mn-g-factor in this thesis g=1.77. This is a magnetic softening of 12%. Apart from the general magnetic soft mode behaviour at low temperatures, one of the main experimental results in this thesis is the confirmation of the theoretical prediction that the magnetic soft mode behaviour in the external B-field does not only depend on the carrier concentration but also on the B-field strength itself. An additional aspect is the temperature dependence of the magnetic soft mode. The Mn

  14. High-Pressure Phase Relations and Crystal Structures of Postspinel Phases in MgV2O4, FeV2O4, and MnCr2O4: Crystal Chemistry of AB2O4 Postspinel Compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Takayuki; Sakai, Tsubasa; Kojitani, Hiroshi; Mori, Daisuke; Inaguma, Yoshiyuki; Matsushita, Yoshitaka; Yamaura, Kazunari; Akaogi, Masaki

    2018-06-04

    We have investigated high-pressure, high-temperature phase transitions of spinel (Sp)-type MgV 2 O 4 , FeV 2 O 4 , and MnCr 2 O 4 . At 1200-1800 °C, MgV 2 O 4 Sp decomposes at 4-7 GPa into a phase assemblage of MgO periclase + corundum (Cor)-type V 2 O 3 , and they react at 10-15 GPa to form a phase with a calcium titanite (CT)-type structure. FeV 2 O 4 Sp transforms to CT-type FeV 2 O 4 at 12 GPa via decomposition phases of FeO wüstite + Cor-type V 2 O 3 . MnCr 2 O 4 Sp directly transforms to the calcium ferrite (CF)-structured phase at 10 GPa and 1000-1400 °C. Rietveld refinements of CT-type MgV 2 O 4 and FeV 2 O 4 and CF-type MnCr 2 O 4 confirm that both the CT- and CF-type structures have frameworks formed by double chains of edge-shared B 3+ O 6 octahedra (B 3+ = V 3+ and Cr 3+ ) running parallel to one of orthorhombic cell axes. A relatively large A 2+ cation (A 2+ = Mg 2+ , Fe 2+ , and Mn 2+ ) occupies a tunnel-shaped space formed by corner-sharing of four double chains. Effective coordination numbers calculated from eight neighboring oxygen-A 2+ cation distances of CT-type MgV 2 O 4 and FeV 2 O 4 and CF-type MnCr 2 O 4 are 5.50, 5.16, and 7.52, respectively. This implies that the CT- and CF-type structures practically have trigonal prism (six-coordinated) and bicapped trigonal prism (eight-coordinated) sites for the A 2+ cations, respectively. A relationship between cation sizes of VIII A 2+ and VI B 3+ and crystal structures (CF- and CT-types) of A 2+ B 2 3+ O 4 is discussed using the above new data and available previous data of the postspinel phases. We found that CF-type A 2+ B 2 3+ O 4 crystallize in wide ionic radius ranges of 0.9-1.4 Å for VIII A 2+ and 0.55-1.1 Å for VI B 3+ , whereas CT-type phases crystallize in very narrow ionic radius ranges of ∼0.9 Å for VIII A 2+ and 0.6-0.65 Å for VI B 3+ . This would be attributed to the fact that the tunnel space of CT-type structure is geometrically less flexible due to the smaller coordination

  15. CHARACTERIZATION OF COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE ALKALI RESISTANT GLASS FIBER FOR CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT AND CHEMICAL DURABILITY COMPARISON WITH SrO-Mn2O3-Fe2O3-MgO-ZrO2-SiO2 (SMFMZS SYSTEM GLASSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Göktuğ GÜNKAYA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available According to the relevant literature, the utilization of different kind of glass fibers in concrete introduces positive effect on the mechanical behavior, especially toughness. There are many glassfibers available to reinforce concretes. Glass fiber composition is so important because it may change the properties such as strength, elastic modulus and alkali resistance. Its most important property to be used in concrete is the alkali resistance. Some glasses of SrO–MgO–ZrO2–SiO2 (SMZS quaternary system, such as 26SrO, 20MgO, 14ZrO2, 40SiO2 (Zrn glass, have been found to be highly alkali resistant thanks to their high ZrO2 and MgO contents. Previous researches on these glasses with MnO and/or Fe2O3 partially replacing SrO have been made with the aim of improving the chemical resistance and decreasing the production cost.The main target of the present study, first of all, was to characterize commercially available alkali resistant glass fiber for concrete reinforcement and then to compare its alkali durability with those of the SrO-Mn2O3-Fe2O3-MgO-ZrO2-SiO2 (SMFMZS system glasses. For such purposes, XRF, Tg-DTA, alkali resistance tests and SEM analysis conducted with EDX were employed. According tothe alkali endurance test results it was revealed that some of the SMFMZS system glass powders are 10 times resistant to alkali environments than the commercial glass fibers used in this study.Therefore, they can be considered as alternative filling materials on the evolution of chemically resistant concrete structures.

  16. Magnetic and Moessbauer study of Mg{sub 0.9}Mn{sub 0.1}Cr{sub x}Fe{sub 2-x}O{sub 4} ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elzain, M., E-mail: elzain@squ.edu.om; Widatallah, H.; Gismelseed, A.; Bouziane, K.; Yousif, A.; Al Rawas, A.; Al-Omari, I.; Sellai, A. [Sultan Qaboos University, Department of Physics, College of Science (Oman)

    2006-02-15

    The ferrites Mg{sub 0.9}Mn{sub 0.1}Cr{sub x}Fe{sub 2-x}O{sub 4} (0x0.9) were prepared using the conventional double sintering method. The XRD showed that the samples maintain a single spinel cubic phase. The Moessbauer measurements were carried out at room and liquid nitrogen temperatures. From the area ratios of the A and B sites, it was found that the Fe cation population of the A and B sites decreases in proportion to Cr concentration. The contact hyperfine fields at the A and B sites were found to decrease with increasing Cr contents. This was found to be in approximate agreement with the results of magnetization measurement. The distributions of Mg and Mn cations versus Cr concentration were also determined using the Moessbauer and magnetization results. The Curie temperatures were determined and found to agree with the reported values. As the Cr contents increases the relative magnetization, was found to increase at low temperatures and decreases at higher temperatures.

  17. Abrasive wear resistance and microstructure of Ni-Cr-B-Si hardfacing alloys with additions of Al, Nb, Mo, Fe, Mn and C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berns, H.; Fischer, A.; Theisen, W.

    1987-01-01

    The development of new Ni-base hardfacing alloys for filler wire welding or metal spraying should result in materials with a good resistance against high temperature corrosion and abrasive wear. The first step is to design microstructures, which obtain a satisfactory abrasive wear behaviour at room temperature. Thus, different alloys are melted and scrutinized as to their microstructure and their abrasive wear resistance in laboratory. Compared to commercial Ni-base hardfacing alloys they show a higher volume fraction of coarse hard phases due to the additional, initial solidification of Nb-carbides and Cr-, and Mo-borides. Thus, the abrasive wear resistance is improved. For hard abrasive particles, such as corundum, the Ni-base alloys are more wear resistant than harder Fe-base alloys investigate earlier. This is due to the tougher Ni metal matrix that results in microcracking not to be the most significantly acting wear mechanism

  18. Controlled reduction of LaFe xMn yMo zO3/Al2O3 composites to produce highly dispersed and stable Fe0 catalysts: a Mössbauer investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Cristina Tristão

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work, controlled reduction of perovskites supported on Al2O3 was used to prepare thermally stable nanodispersed iron catalysts based on Fe0/La2O3/Al2O3. The perovskites composites LaFe0.90Mn0.08Mo0.02O3(25, 33 and 50 wt (% /Al2O3 and LaFe0.90Mn0.1O3(25 wt (% /Al2O3 were prepared and characterized by XRD, BET, TPR, SEM and Mössbauer spectroscopy. XRD for unsupported perovskite showed the formation of a single phase perovskite structure. The Mössbauer spectra of the perovskites were fitted with hyperfine field distribution model for the perovskite. Supported perovskites on Al2O3 showed a decrease of the hyperfine field in respect to unsupported perovskite, due to decrease of particle size and dispersion of the Fe3+ specimens on the support. Also showed broaden lines and relaxation effects due to the small particle size. To produce the Fe0 catalyst, the composite perovskite(25%/Al2O3 was reduced with H2 at 900, 1000 and 1100 °C for 1 hour. XRD data indicated the formation of Fe0 catalyst with particles sizes of ca. 35 nm. The Mössbauer spectrum showed the formation of metallic iron and doublets corresponding to species of octahedric Fe2+ and Fe3+ sites dispersed on Al2O3. These catalysts showed improved stability towards sintering even upon treatment at 1000 and 1100 °C under H2.

  19. New measurement of excitation functions for (d,x) reactions on Mo-nat with special regard to the formation of Tc-95m, Tc96m+g, Tc-99m and Mo-99

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lebeda, Ondřej; Fikrle, Marek

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 68, č. 12 (2010), s. 2425-2432 ISSN 0969-8043 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/08/1276 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : Cross-sections * Tc-95m * Tc96m+g Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 0.999, year: 2010

  20. Evaluation of the levels of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca Bivalvia) collected in the coast of Sao Paulo state, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seo, Daniele

    2012-01-01

    The coastal environment has been heavily altered by multiple environmental impacts of human activities, such as disposal of sewage from urban areas, the release of numerous chemical industries, agriculture and the flow of vessels, which can lead to accidental spills of oil and oil products, fuels and other products transported by sea. In this context, a means of determining concentrations of these potentially toxic substances in the sea water is the biomonitoring by means of different types of bivalves, which have been used by various researchers, in Brazil and other countries. With regard to bivalve mollusks, particularly mussels, their use in monitoring the marine contamination is mainly due to their wide geographic distribution, sessile habit and ability to concentrate toxic metals to 102-105 times in relation to the concentrations detected in water. In the present study, we employed the passive biomonitoring using the Perna perna bivalve mollusk with respect to the elements Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V. These elements were chosen since they can be determined by INAA method (Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis), by means of short irradiation which provides faster analyzes and also due to their importance from the standpoint of environmental or nutritional studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the content of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in samples of Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca, Bivalvia) collected in coastal regions of São Paulo subject to anthropogenic contamination (Ponta de Itaipu and Palmas Island, in Santos), comparing the values obtained in sites potentially impacted with the values of the control site in Praia da Cocanha, in Caraguatatuba. The collection points located in São Paulo coast are located in the geographical areas 23º 37'S - 45° 24' W (Caraguatatuba) and 23º 57'S - 46º 20' W (Santos). The collection of organisms was performed in all seasons of the year, beginning in spring 2008 and ending in winter 2009. The samples

  1. INFLUENCE OF THE HOMOGENIZATION TEMPERATURE ON THE MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF AlSi10CuNiMgMn ALLOY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaromir Cais

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the impact of changes in homogenization temperature in the hardening process on the microstructure of aluminum alloys. Samples where the research was conducted were cast from AlSi10CuNiMn alloy produced by gravity casting technology in metal mold. Subsequently, the castings were subjected to a heat treatment. In an experiment with changing temperature and staying time in the process of homogenization. The microstructure of the alloy was investigated by methods of light and electron microscopy. Examination of the microstructure has focused on changing the morphology of separated particles of eutectic silicon and intermetallic phases. Analysis of intermetallic phases was supplemented by an analysis of the chemical composition - EDS analysis. Effect of heat treatment on the properties investigated alloy was further complemented by Vickers microhardness. Investigated alloy is the result of longtime research conducted at Faculty of Production Technology and Management.

  2. Magnetotransport properties of c-axis oriented La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films on MgO-buffered SiO2/Si substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kang, Young-Min; Ulyanov, Alexander N.; Shin, Geo-Myung; Lee, Sung-Yun; Yoo, Dae-Gil; Yoo, Sang-Im

    2009-01-01

    c-axis oriented La 0.7 Sr 0.3 MnO 3 (LSMO) films on MgO-buffered SiO 2 /Si substrates were prepared, and their texture, microstructure, and magnetotransport properties were studied and compared to epitaxial LSMO/MgO (001) and polycrystalline LSMO/SiO 2 /Si films. c-axis oriented MgO buffer layers were obtained on amorphous SiO 2 layer through rf sputter deposition at low substrate temperature and consequent postannealing processes. In situ pulsed laser deposition-grown LSMO films, deposited on the MgO layer, show strong c-axis texture, but no in-plane texture. The c-axis oriented LSMO films which are magnetically softer than LSMO/SiO 2 /Si films exhibit relatively large low field magnetoresistance (LFMR) and sharper MR drop at lower field. The large LFMR is attributed to a spin-dependent scattering of transport current at the grain boundaries

  3. Magnetization and ESR studies of La{sub 0.67}(Ca{sub 1−x}Mg{sub x}){sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3} systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sendil Kumar, A., E-mail: sendilphy@gmail.com [School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500 046 (India); Ravinder Reddy, K [School of Engineering Sciences & Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500 046 (India); Bhatnagar, Anil K. [School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500 046 (India); School of Engineering Sciences & Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500 046 (India)

    2015-08-05

    Highlights: • Mg substitution reduces the ferromagnetic strength. • Inhomogeneous broadening is due to phase separation. • Griffiths phase existence is probed. - Abstract: Magnetization studies and line shape analysis on Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectra of La{sub 0.67}(Ca{sub 1−x}Mg{sub x}){sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3} are carried out. In paramagnetic phase well above T{sub c}, the ESR spectra are single Lorentzian but below and near T{sup ∗}{sub ΔHPP}, (T{sup ∗}{sub ΔHPP} is temperature at which line width is minimum) inhomogeneous broadening with asymmetry in the signal is observed due to phase separation. The resonance field below T{sup ∗}{sub ΔHPP} decreases with decreasing temperature. Above T{sub c} the intensity of the ESR spectra obeys the thermally activated model (Arrhenius behavior). Substitution of Mg weakens the ferromagnetic interaction and evolution of change in lineshape near T{sub c} is an evidence of Griffiths phase (coexistence of paramagnetic and ferromagnetic) in Mg doped LCMO system.

  4. Study of the properties of flux cored wire of Fe-C-Si-Mn-Cr-Mo-Ni-V-Co system for the strengthening of nodes and parts of equipment used in the mineral mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusev, A. I.; Kozyrev, N. A.; Usoltsev, A. A.; Kryukov, R. E.; Osetkovsky, I. V.

    2017-09-01

    The effect of the introduction of vanadium and cobalt into the charge of the powder surfacing wire of Fe-C-Si-Mn-Cr-Mo-Ni system is studied. In the laboratory conditions, the samples of flux cored wires were produced. The surfacing made by the prepared wire was produced under the flux AN-26C, on the plates of steel St3 in 6 layers with the help of ASAW-1250 welding tractor. Reduction of carbon content in the deposited layer to 0.19-0.2% with simultaneous change in the content of chromium, nickel, molybdenum and other elements present in it contributes to the enlargement of the martensite needles and the increase in the size of the former austenite grain. The obtained dependences of hardness of the deposited layer and its wear resistance on the mass fraction of elements, included in the composition of powder wires of the proposed system, can be used to predict the hardness of the welded layer and its wear resistance under different operating conditions for mining equipment and coal mining equipment.

  5. Incidência de ocratoxina A em café torrado e moído e em café solúvel consumido na cidade de Belo Horizonte, MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PRADO Guilherme

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available A ocorrência de ocratoxina A foi verificada em amostras de café solúvel e café torrado e moído, comercializados em Belo Horizonte/MG, no período de outubro/1998 a maio/1999. O método usado para a determinação de ocratoxina A foi a cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE em combinação com cromatografia de imunoafinidade. Os valores de recuperação e coeficiente de variação de ocratoxina A foram superiores a 73% e inferiores 15%, respectivamente. As amostras de café solúvel e café torrado e moído, continham níveis de ocratoxina A entre 0,31 e 1,78ng/g e 0,99 e 5,87ng/g, respectivamente. Os resultados revelaram que o café não apresenta níveis de contaminação significativos.

  6. Piezoelectric properties and temperature stability of Mn-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)-PbZrO3-PbTiO3 textured ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Yongke; Cho, Kyung-Hoon; Priya, Shashank

    2012-03-01

    In this letter, we report the electromechanical properties of textured 0.4Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.25PbZrO3-0.35PbTiO3 (PMN-PZT) composition which has relatively high rhombohedral to tetragonal (R-T) transition temperature (TR-T of 160 °C) and Curie temperature (TC of 234 °C) and explore the effect of Mn-doping on this composition. It was found that MnO2-doped textured PMN-PZT ceramics with 5 vol. % BaTiO3 template (T-5BT) exhibited inferior temperature stability. The coupling factor (k31) of T-5BT ceramic started to degrade from 75 °C while the random counterpart showed a very stable tendency up to 180 °C. This degradation was associated with the "interface region" formed in the vicinity of BT template. MnO2 doped PMN-PZT ceramics textured with 3 vol. % BT and subsequently poled at 140 °C (T-3BT140) exhibited very stable and high k31 (>0.53) in a wide temperature range from room temperature to 130 °C through reduction in the interface region volume. Further, the T-3BT140 ceramic exhibited excellent hard and soft combinatory piezoelectric properties of d33 = 720 pC/N, k31 = 0.53, Qm = 403, tan δ = 0.3% which are very promising for high power and magnetoelectric applications.

  7. A Temperature Window for the Synthesis of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition of CH4over Mo2-Fe10/MgO Catalyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Ouyang

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A temperature window for the synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes by catalytic chemical vapor deposition of CH4over Mo2-Fe10/MgO catalyst has been studied by Raman spectroscopy. The results showed that when the temperature is lower than 750 °C, there were few SWCNTs formed, and when the temperature is higher than 950 °C, mass amorphous carbons were formed in the SWCNTs bundles due to the self-decomposition of CH4. The temperature window of SWCNTs efficient growth is between 800 and 950 °C, and the optimum growth temperature is about 900 °C. These results were supported by transmission electron microscope images of samples formed under different temperatures. The temperature window is important for large-scale production of SWCNTs by catalytic chemical vapor deposition method.

  8. Synthesis and characterization of nanosized Mg{sub x}Mn{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrites by both sol-gel and thermal decomposition methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De-León-Prado, Laura Elena, E-mail: laura.elena.prado@gmail.com [Cinvestav-Unidad Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica #1062, Parque Industrial Saltillo-Ramos Arizpe, CP 25900, Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, México (Mexico); Cortés-Hernández, Dora Alicia; Almanza-Robles, José Manuel; Escobedo-Bocardo, José Concepción; Sánchez, Javier; Reyes-Rdz, Pamela Yajaira; Jasso-Terán, Rosario Argentina [Cinvestav-Unidad Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica #1062, Parque Industrial Saltillo-Ramos Arizpe, CP 25900, Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, México (Mexico); Hurtado-López, Gilberto Francisco [Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Blvd. Enrique Reyna Hermosillo #140, CP 25294, Saltillo, Coahuila, México (Mexico)

    2017-04-01

    This work reports the synthesis of Mg{sub x}Mn{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x=0–1) nanoparticles by both sol-gel and thermal decomposition methods. In order to determine the effect of synthesis conditions on the crystal structure and magnetic properties of the ferrites, the synthesis was carried out varying some parameters, including composition. By both methods it was possible to obtain ferrites having a single crystalline phase with cubic inverse spinel structure and a behavior near to that of superparamagnetic materials. Saturation magnetization values were higher for materials synthesized by sol-gel. Furthermore, in both cases particles have a spherical-like morphology and nanometric sizes (11–15 nm). Therefore, these materials can be used as thermoseeds for the treatment of cancer by magnetic hyperthermia. - Highlights: • Mg–Mn ferrites were synthesized by sol-gel and thermal decomposition methods. • Materials showed a single cubic inverse spinel crystalline structure. • Ferrites have a soft ferrimagnetic behavior close to superparamagnetic materials.

  9. Sign system choice influence on the substance formation forecast in A2MoO4-B2(MoO4)3 and A2MoO4-CMoO4 systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manzanov, Yu.E.; Lutsik, V.I.; Mokhosoev, M.V.

    1987-01-01

    Three sign spaces were used for forecasting compound formation in A 2 MoO 4 -B 2 (MoO 4 ) 3 (5:1 ratio, where A-Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs; B-Al, In, Ga, Sc, Cr, Fe, Bi, La, Nd, Sm-Lu, Y) and A 2 MoO 4 -CMoO 4 (1:2 ratio, where A-Li, Na, K, RB, Cs, Tl; C-Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pd, Mn, Co, Ni) systems: 1-electron distribution on energy shells of cations and their valency; 2-the type of incomplete electron shell, charge of cations, three first ionization potentials, standard heat capacity, ionic radius of cations; 3-standard formation enthalpy and standard entropy, oxide melting points and ionic radius of cations. It is shown that sign space, related with thermodynamic properties of oxides contains data, necessary for forecasting interaction in molybdate systems. This enables to improve reliability of forecasting

  10. New insights into microstructural evolution of epitaxial Ni-Mn-Ga films on MgO (1 0 0) substrate by high-resolution X-ray diffraction and orientation imaging investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Amit; Mohan, Sangeneni; Suwas, Satyam

    2018-04-01

    In this work, a detailed investigation has been performed on hetero-epitaxial growth and microstructural evolution in highly oriented Ni-Mn-Ga (1 0 0) films grown on MgO (1 0 0) substrate using high-resolution X-ray diffraction and orientation imaging microscopy. Mosaicity of the films has been analysed in terms of tilt angle, twist angle, lateral and vertical coherence length and threading dislocation densities by performing rocking curve measurements and reciprocal space mapping. Density of edge dislocations is found to be an order of magnitude higher than the density of screw dislocations, irrespective of film thickness. X-ray pole figure measurements have revealed an orientation relationship of ? || (1 0 0)MgO; ? || [0 0 1]MgO between the film and substrate. Microstructure predicted by X-ray diffraction is in agreement with that obtained from electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The evolution of microstructure in the film with increasing thickness has been explained vis-à-vis dislocation generation and growth mechanisms. Orientation imaging microscopy observations indicate evolutionary growth of film by overgrowth mechanism. Decrease in coercivity with film thickness has been explained as an interplay between stress field developed due to crystal defects and magnetic domain pinning due to surface roughness.

  11. Structural phase transition at the percolation threshold in epitaxial (La0.7Ca0.3MnO3)1-x:(MgO)x nanocomposite films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moshnyaga, V; Damaschke, B; Shapoval, O; Belenchuk, A; Faupel, J; Lebedev, O I; Verbeeck, J; van Tendeloo, G; Mücksch, M; Tsurkan, V; Tidecks, R; Samwer, K

    2003-04-01

    'Colossal magnetoresistance' in perovskite manganites such as La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 (LCMO), is caused by the interplay of ferro-paramagnetic, metal-insulator and structural phase transitions. Moreover, different electronic phases can coexist on a very fine scale resulting in percolative electron transport. Here we report on (LCMO)1-x:(MgO)x (0 strain. The largest colossal magnetoresistance of 10(5)% was observed at the percolation threshold in the conductivity at xc 0.3, which is coupled to a structural phase transition from orthorhombic (0 < x < or 0.1) to rhombohedral R3c structure (0.33 < or = x < or = 0.8). An increase of the Curie temperature for the Rc phase was observed. These results may provide a general method for controlling the magnetotransport properties of manganite-based composite films by appropriate choice of the second phase.

  12. Co-hydrothermal synthesis of LiMn{sub 23/24}Mg{sub 1/24}PO{sub 4}·LiAlO{sub 2}/C nano-hybrid cathode material with enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium-ion batteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Jun [School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110004 (China); Key Laboratory of Dielectric and Electrolyte Functional Material Hebei Province, Qinhuangdao, 066004 (China); Luo, Shaohua, E-mail: tianyanglsh@163.com [School of Resources and Materials, Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, Qinhuangdao, 066004 (China); Key Laboratory of Dielectric and Electrolyte Functional Material Hebei Province, Qinhuangdao, 066004 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110004 (China); Chang, Longjiao [School of New Energy, Bohai University, Jinzhou, 121013 (China); Hao, Aimin; Wang, Zhiyuan; Liu, Yanguo [School of Resources and Materials, Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, Qinhuangdao, 066004 (China); Key Laboratory of Dielectric and Electrolyte Functional Material Hebei Province, Qinhuangdao, 066004 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110004 (China); Xu, Qian [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200072 (China); Wang, Qing; Zhang, Yahui [School of Resources and Materials, Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, Qinhuangdao, 066004 (China); Key Laboratory of Dielectric and Electrolyte Functional Material Hebei Province, Qinhuangdao, 066004 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110004 (China)

    2017-02-01

    Highlights: • A co-hydrothermal approach to synthesize LiMn{sub 23/24}Mg{sub 1/24}PO{sub 4}·LiAlO{sub 2}/C composite material in water/PEG system is present. • The Mn{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}PO{sub 4} precursor is prepared by precipitation reaction. • Co-modified with Mg{sup 2+} doping and LiAlO{sub 2} compositing strategies play an important role in improving the electronic conductivity and facilitating the diffusion of lithium ion. • LiMn{sub 23/24}Mg{sub 1/24}PO{sub 4}·LiAlO{sub 2}/C composite material exhibits a high specific discharge capacity of 151.8 mAh/g at 0.05C. - Abstract: LiMn{sub 23/24}Mg{sub 1/24}PO{sub 4}·LiAlO{sub 2}/C is synthesized by a co-hydrothermal method in water/PEG system using Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3}, AAO and Mn{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}PO{sub 4} as raw material. The electronic structure and micromorphology of multi-component compound LiMn{sub 1-x}Mg{sub x}PO{sub 4}/C (x = 0, 1/24, 1/12, 1/6) and nano-hybrid LiMn{sub 23/24}Mg{sub 1/24}PO{sub 4}·LiAlO{sub 2}/C cathode materials are studied by first-principles calculation and experimental research including XRD, SEM, TEM. The calculated band gap of LiMn{sub 23/24}Mg{sub 1/24}PO{sub 4}/C is 2.296 eV, which is lower than other percentages Mg{sup 2+} doping samples. Electrochemical tests exhibit LiMn{sub 23/24}Mg{sub 1/24}PO{sub 4}/C has better cycling performance and rate capability than other contents Mg{sup 2+} doping samples with the discharge capacity of 143.5 mAh/g, 141.5 mAh/g, 139.2 mAh/g and 136.3 mAh/g at 0.05C, 0.1C, 0.5C and 1C in order. After compositing and preparation of LiMn{sub 23/24}Mg{sub 1/24}PO{sub 4}·LiAlO{sub 2}/C composite material by co-hydrothermal route, the initial discharge capacity reaches up to 151.8 mAh/g, which suggests that co-modified with Mg{sup 2+} doping and LiAlO{sub 2} compositing material can improve the electronic conductivity of LiMnPO{sub 4}/C by facilitating the lithium ion diffusion rate in the interior of the materials.

  13. Co-hydrothermal synthesis of LiMn_2_3_/_2_4Mg_1_/_2_4PO_4·LiAlO_2/C nano-hybrid cathode material with enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium-ion batteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Jun; Luo, Shaohua; Chang, Longjiao; Hao, Aimin; Wang, Zhiyuan; Liu, Yanguo; Xu, Qian; Wang, Qing; Zhang, Yahui

    2017-01-01

    Highlights: • A co-hydrothermal approach to synthesize LiMn_2_3_/_2_4Mg_1_/_2_4PO_4·LiAlO_2/C composite material in water/PEG system is present. • The Mn_1_-_xMg_xPO_4 precursor is prepared by precipitation reaction. • Co-modified with Mg"2"+ doping and LiAlO_2 compositing strategies play an important role in improving the electronic conductivity and facilitating the diffusion of lithium ion. • LiMn_2_3_/_2_4Mg_1_/_2_4PO_4·LiAlO_2/C composite material exhibits a high specific discharge capacity of 151.8 mAh/g at 0.05C. - Abstract: LiMn_2_3_/_2_4Mg_1_/_2_4PO_4·LiAlO_2/C is synthesized by a co-hydrothermal method in water/PEG system using Li_2CO_3, AAO and Mn_1_-_xMg_xPO_4 as raw material. The electronic structure and micromorphology of multi-component compound LiMn_1_-_xMg_xPO_4/C (x = 0, 1/24, 1/12, 1/6) and nano-hybrid LiMn_2_3_/_2_4Mg_1_/_2_4PO_4·LiAlO_2/C cathode materials are studied by first-principles calculation and experimental research including XRD, SEM, TEM. The calculated band gap of LiMn_2_3_/_2_4Mg_1_/_2_4PO_4/C is 2.296 eV, which is lower than other percentages Mg"2"+ doping samples. Electrochemical tests exhibit LiMn_2_3_/_2_4Mg_1_/_2_4PO_4/C has better cycling performance and rate capability than other contents Mg"2"+ doping samples with the discharge capacity of 143.5 mAh/g, 141.5 mAh/g, 139.2 mAh/g and 136.3 mAh/g at 0.05C, 0.1C, 0.5C and 1C in order. After compositing and preparation of LiMn_2_3_/_2_4Mg_1_/_2_4PO_4·LiAlO_2/C composite material by co-hydrothermal route, the initial discharge capacity reaches up to 151.8 mAh/g, which suggests that co-modified with Mg"2"+ doping and LiAlO_2 compositing material can improve the electronic conductivity of LiMnPO_4/C by facilitating the lithium ion diffusion rate in the interior of the materials.

  14. Integral data test of HENDL1.0/MG and visualBUS with neutronics shielding experiments. Pt.1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao Chunjing; Deng Tieru; Xu Dezheng; Li Jingjing; Wu Yican

    2004-01-01

    HENDL1.0/MG, a multi-group working library of the Hybrid Evaluated Nuclear Data Library, was home-developed by the FDS Team of ASIPP (Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) on the basis of several national data libraries. To validate and qualify the process of producing HENDL1.0/MG, simulating calculations of a series of existent spherical shell benchmark experiments (Al, Mo, Co, Ti, Mn, W, Be and V) have been performed with HENDL1.0/MG and the multifunctional neutronics code system named VisualBUS home-developed also by FDS Team. (authors)

  15. Flux pinning enhancements in YBa2Cu3O7-8 superconductors through phase separated, self-assembled LaMnO3-MgO nanocomposite films.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polat, Ozgur [ORNL; Aytug, Tolga [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Kim, Kyunghoon [ORNL; Cook, Sylvester W [ORNL; Thompson, James R [ORNL; Christen, David K [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL; Meyer, Hendrik [ORNL; Qiu, Xiaofeng [ORNL; Xiong, X. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York

    2011-01-01

    Technological applications of high temperature superconductors (HTS) require high critical current density, Jc, under operation at high magnetic field strengths. This requires effective flux pinning by introducing artificial defects through creative processing. In this work, we generated correlated disorder for strong vortex pinning in the YBa2Cu3O7- (YBCO) films by replacing the standard LaMnO3 (LMO) cap buffer layers in ion beam assisted deposited MgO templates with LMO:MgO composite films. Such films revealed formation of two phase-separated, but at the same time vertically aligned, self-assembled composite nanostructures that extend throughout the entire thickness of the film. Measurements of magnetic-field orientation-dependent Jc of YBCO coatings deposited on these nanostructured cap layers showed correlated c-axis pinning and improved in-field Jc performance compared to those of YBCO films deposited on standard LMO buffers. The present results demonstrate feasibility of novel and potentially practical approaches in the pursuit of more efficient, economical, and high performance superconducting devices.

  16. Incommensurate phases in the improper ferroelastic MgGeF sub 6 centre dot 6H sub 2 O:Mn sup 2 sup + studied by means of EPR

    CERN Document Server

    Skrylnik, P G

    2002-01-01

    The results of an EPR study of the inhomogeneous phases existing in the temperature interval T sub C = 311.0 +- 0.3 K < T < T sub i sub 1 = 403 +- 0.3 K in improper ferroelastic crystals of MgGeF sub 6 centre dot 6H sub 2 O:Mn sup 2 sup + are presented. On the basis of the analysis of the temperature and angle dependences of the experimental parameters and numerical calculations, the conclusion has been drawn that at T sub i sub 1 the crystals considered undergo a transition to a structurally modulated phase and the order parameter of this transition may be the angle of the Mg[H sub 2 O] sub 6 sup 2 sup + octahedra rotation around the crystal C sub 3 -axis. From T sub i sub 1 to T sub C the modes of the modulated phase follow according to a completely classical scenario for incommensurate crystals: the origin of the incommensurate structure with plane-wave modulation at T sub i sub 1 , the appearance of structural phase solitons below T sub i sub 2 = 380 +- 0.3 K and decrease of the soliton density to v...

  17. Measurement of thermal conductance of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films deposited on SrTiO3 and MgO substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aryan, A.; Guillet, B.; Routoure, J. M.; Fur, C.; Langlois, P.; Méchin, L.

    2015-01-01

    We present measurements of the thermal conductance of thin-film-on-substrate structures that could serve as thin film uncooled bolometers. Studied samples were 75 nm thick epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films deposited on SrTiO3 (0 0 1) and MgO (0 0 1) substrates patterned in square geometries of areas ranging from 50 μm × 50 μm to 200 μm × 200 μm. The model allows estimating thermal boundary conductance values at the interface between film and substrate of 0.28 ± 0.08 × 106 W K-1 m-2 for LSMO/STO (0 0 1) and 5.8 ± 3.0 × 106 W K-1 m-2 for LSMO/MgO (0 0 1) from measurements performed in the static regime. Analytical expressions of thermal conductance and thermal capacitance versus modulation frequency are compared to measurements of the elevation temperature due to absorbed incoming optical power. The overall good agreement found between measurements and model finally provides the possibility to calculate the bolometric response of thin film bolometers, thus predicting their frequency response for various geometries.

  18. Phenomenological-based kinetics modelling of dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene over a Mg 3 Fe 0.25 Mn 0.25 Al 0.5 hydrotalcite catalyst

    KAUST Repository

    Hossain, Mohammad M.

    2012-05-18

    This communication reports a mechanism-based kinetics modelling for the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene (ST) using Mg3Fe0.25Mn0.25Al0.5 catalyst. Physicochemical characterisation of the catalyst indicates that the presence of basic sites Mg2+O2- on the catalysts along with Fe3+ is responsible for the catalytic activity. The kinetics experiments are developed using a CREC Fluidised Riser Simulator. Based on the experimental observations and the possible mechanism of the various elementary steps, Langmuir-Hinshelwood type kinetics model are developed. To take into account of the possible catalyst deactivation a reactant conversion-based deactivation function is also introduced into the model. Parameters are estimated by fitting of the experimental data implemented in MATLAB. Results show that one site type Langmuir-Hinshelwood model appropriately describes the experimental data, with adequate statistical fitting indicators and also satisfied the thermodynamic restraints. The estimated heat of adsorptions of EB (64kJ/mole) is comparable to the values available in the literature. The activation energy for the formation of ST (85.5kJ/mole) found to be significantly lower than that of the cracking product benzene (136.6kJ/mole). These results are highly desirable in order to achieve high selectivity of the desired product ST. © 2012 Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering.

  19. Preparation of Sr{sub 2}(MgMo){sub 1-x}Ru{sub x}O{sub 6} ceramics for use in a solid oxide fuel cell anode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bezerra, Matheus Eiji Ohno; Florio, Daniel Zanetti de [Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), SP (Brazil); Fonseca, Fabio Coral, E-mail: matheus.eiji@aluno.ufabc.edu.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2016-07-01

    Full text: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells are the most efficient devices known for the direct conversion of fuels into electric energy. Such devices have advanced steadily and are already available for specific applications such as portable power and residential stationary generation. The main objective of this work is the development of anodes for SOFC operating directly with renewable fuels, without the addition of water and using strategic fuels such as ethanol and natural gas. Specifically, a family of mixed ionic-electronic compounds has been investigated: the double perovskites with compositions Sr{sub 2}(MgMo){sub 1-x}Ru{sub x}O{sub 6} with x = 0; 1; 2; 5; 10 e 20 at.%. This material has been synthesized by polymeric precursor method. The resins were prepared by combining stoichiometric amounts of the starting solutions. The resulting solution was heated treated under magnetic stirring. The thermal decomposition of the polymeric resin was studied by means of simultaneous thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry up to 1500 °C with heating and cooling rates of 10 °/min in Ar. The thermal decomposition result shows mass loss up to, approximately, 900 °C. However X-ray diffraction analyses of the powder heat treated at 900 °C and 1200 °C presents a considerable content of an undesiderate phase (SrMoO{sub 4}). According to the literature for similar compounds a thermal treatment under reduction conditions could be necessary to obtain the double perovskites single phase. After this treatment the material will be characterized regarding its electrical properties. The expected results will contribute to advance both the understanding of the mixed ionic electronic ceramics and the SOFC technology using renewable fuels. (author)

  20. Arsenic and Mn levels in Isaza (Gymnogobius isaza) during the mass mortality event in Lake Biwa, Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirata, Sawako Horai; Hayase, Daisuke; Eguchi, Akifumi; Itai, Takaaki; Nomiyama, Kei; Isobe, Tomohiko; Agusa, Tetsuro [Center for Marine Environmental Studies (CMES), Ehime University, 2-5 Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama 790-8577 (Japan); Ishikawa, Toshiyuki [Department of Environmental Education, Faculty of Education, Shiga University, 2-5-1 Hiratsu, Otsu, Shiga 520-0862 (Japan); Kumagai, Michio [Lake Biwa Environmental Research Institute, 5-34 Yanagasaki, Otsu, Shiga 520-0022 (Japan); Tanabe, Shinsuke, E-mail: shinsuke@agr.ehime-u.ac.jp [Center for Marine Environmental Studies (CMES), Ehime University, 2-5 Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama 790-8577 (Japan)

    2011-10-15

    The present study measured the concentrations of 25 elements (Li, Mg, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Mo, Ag, Cd, In, Sn, Sb, Cs, Ba, Hg, Tl, Pb and Bi) in the whole body of Isaza which is an endemic fish species to Lake Biwa, Japan, and compared the values in the specimens from the mass mortality Isaza (MMI) and normal fresh Isaza (NFI). The mean levels of Mn and total As (T-As) were relatively higher in MMI than in NFI. In the T-As, highly toxic inorganic As was detected in MMI. Moreover we found Mn and As concentrations in surface sediment were extremely high and temporally increased. From all these results, we could infer that the dissolution of Mn and As from surface sediment of Lake Biwa might have been one of the cause for the mass mortality of Isaza. - Highlights: > Mn and As levels were significantly higher in MMI than in NFI. > The number of chemical species of As detected from MMI was less than that from NFI. > Mn and As levels were highest in surface sediment, and sharply decreased with depth. > Mn and As levels in surface sediment temporally increased. - As and Mn levels in dead Isaza caused by mass mortality.

  1. Síntese e estudo microestrutural de perovsquitas tipo La0,8Ca0,2MO3 (M: Co e Mn para aplicação em catálise automotiva Synthesis and microstructural study of La0.8Ca0.2MO3 (M: Mn and Co perovskites for automotive catalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. P. Ribeiro

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Materiais com estrutura perovsquita são potenciais catalisadores para prevenir a emissão de componentes indesejáveis ao meio ambiente. Diferentes métodos têm sido propostos para a síntese desses materiais, visando produzir materiais homogêneos com tamanho nanométrico de partículas. Os compostos La0,8Ca0,2MnO3 e La0,8Ca0,2CoO3 foram preparados pelo método dos precursores poliméricos visando sua utilização como catalisadores automotivos. Este método de síntese foi utilizado porque permite a obtenção de pós homogêneos e fases cristalinas a temperaturas mais baixas que os outros métodos tradicionais de síntese. Os materiais foram calcinados a 700 e 900 ºC por 4 h e caracterizados pelas técnicas de análise térmica, difração de raios X e microscopia eletrônica de varredura. As perovsquitas obtidas são nanométricas, monofásicas e com propriedades adequadas para utilização em catálise automotiva.Materials with perovskite structure are potential catalysts for preventing greenhouse gas emissions to the environment. Several methods have been proposed for the synthesis of these materials in order to produce homogeneous powders with nanometric particle size. In the present work, the La0.8Ca0.2MnO3 and La0.8Ca0.2CoO3 systems were prepared by the polymeric precursor method for application in automotive catalysis. This method was chosen because it allows obtaining homogeneous powders and crystalline phases at lower temperatures. The powders were calcined at 700 and 900 ºC for 4 h and characterized by thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy techniques. The perovskites are nanometric, single phased and present suitable properties for use in automotive catalysis.

  2. Enhanced pairing of quantum critical metals near d<mo>=>3mn>+>1mn>

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fitzpatrick, A. Liam; Kachru, Shamit; Kaplan, Jared; Raghu, S.; Torroba, Gonzalo; Wang, Huajia

    2015-07-20

    We study the dynamics of a quantum critical boson coupled to a Fermi surface in intermediate energy regimes where the Landau damping of the boson can be parametrically controlled, either via large Fermi velocity or by large- N techniques. We develop a systematic approach to the BCS instability of such systems, including careful treatment of the enhanced log 2 and log 3 singularities which appear already at 1-loop. These singularities arise due to the exchange of a critical boson in the Cooper channel and are absent in Fermi liquid theory. We also treat possible instabilities to charge density wave (CDW) formation, and compare the scales Λ BCS and Λ CDW of the onset of the instabilities in different parametric regimes. We address the question of whether the dressing of the fermions into a non-Fermi liquid via interactions with the order parameter field can happen at energies > Λ BCS , Λ CDW .

  3. Photoproduction of the f<mn>1mn>(>1285mn>)> meson

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dickson, Ryan [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Schumacher, Reinhard A. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Adhikari, K. P.; Akbar, Z.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Badui, R. A.; Ball, J.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Biselli, A.; Boiarinov, S.; Briscoe, W. J.; Burkert, V. D.; Cao, T.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Charles, G.; Chetry, T.; Ciullo, G.; Colaneri, L.; Cole, P. L.; Compton, N.; Contalbrigo, M.; Cortes, O.; Crede, V.; D' Angelo, A.; Dashyan, N.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Deur, A.; Djalali, C.; Dugger, M.; Dupre, R.; El Alaoui, A.; El Fassi, L.; Eugenio, P.; Fanchini, E.; Fedotov, G.; Filippi, A.; Fleming, J. A.; Gevorgyan, N.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guo, L.; Hafidi, K.; Hakobyan, H.; Hanretty, C.; Harrison, N.; Hattawy, M.; Holtrop, M.; Hicks, K.; Hughes, S. M.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Isupov, E. L.; Jiang, H.; Jo, H. S.; Joosten, S.; Keller, D.; Khachatryan, G.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, A.; Kim, W.; Klein, F. J.; Kubarovsky, V.; Kuleshov, S. V.; Lanza, L.; Lenisa, P.; Livingston, K.; Lu, H. Y.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; Mattione, P.; McKinnon, B.; Meyer, C. A.; Mirazita, M.; Markov, N.; Mokeev, V.; Moriya, K.; Munevar, E.; Murdoch, G.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Net, L. A.; Ni, A.; Osipenko, M.; Ostrovidov, A. I.; Park, K.; Pasyuk, E.; Phelps, W.; Pisano, S.; Pogorelko, O.; Price, J. W.; Prok, Y.; Puckett, A. J. R.; Raue, B. A.; Ripani, M.; Rizzo, A.; Rosner, G.; Roy, P.; Salgado, C.; Seder, E.; Sharabian, Y. G.; Skorodumina, Iu.; Smith, E. S.; Smith, G. D.; Sober, D.; Sokhan, D.; Sparveris, N.; Stepanyan, S.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Stankovic, I.; Strauch, S.; Sytnik, V.; Taiuti, M.; Ungaro, M.; Voskanyan, H.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Watts, D. P.; Weygand, D.; Wood, M. H.; Zachariou, N.; Zana, L.; Zhang, J.; Zonta, I.

    2016-06-01

    The $f_1(1285)$ meson with mass $1281.0 \\pm 0.8$ MeV/$c^2$ and width $18.4 \\pm 1.4$ MeV (FWHM) was measured for the first time in photoproduction from a proton target using CLAS at Jefferson Lab. Differential cross sections were obtained via the $\\eta\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$, $K^+\\bar{K}^0\\pi^-$, and $K^-K^0\\pi^+$ decay channels from threshold up to a center-of-mass energy of 2.8 GeV. The mass, width, and an amplitude analysis of the $\\eta\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$ final-state Dalitz distribution are consistent with the axial-vector $J^P=1^+$ $f_1(1285)$ identity, rather than the pseudoscalar $0^-$ $\\eta(1295)$. The production mechanism is more consistent with $s$-channel decay of a high-mass $N^*$ state, and not with $t$-channel meson exchange. Decays to $\\eta\\pi\\pi$ go dominantly via the intermediate $a_0^\\pm(980)\\pi^\\mp$ states, with the branching ratio $\\Gamma(a_0\\pi \\text{ (no} \\bar{K} K\\text{)}) / \\Gamma(\\eta\\pi\\pi \\text{(all)}) = 0.74\\pm0.09$. The branching ratios $\\Gamma(K \\bar{K} \\pi)/\\Gamma(\\eta\\pi\\pi) = 0.216\\pm0.033$ and $\\Gamma(\\gamma\\rho^0)/\\Gamma(\\eta\\pi\\pi) = 0.047\\pm0.018$ were also obtained. The first is in agreement with previous data for the $f_1(1285)$, while the latter is lower than the world average.

  4. Photoproduction of the f<mn>1mn>(>1285mn>)> meson

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dickson, R.; Schumacher, R. A.; Adhikari, K. P.; Akbar, Z.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Badui, R. A.; Ball, J.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Biselli, A.; Boiarinov, S.; Briscoe, W. J.; Burkert, V. D.; Cao, T.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Charles, G.; Chetry, T.; Ciullo, G.; Colaneri, L.; Cole, P. L.; Compton, N.; Contalbrigo, M.; Cortes, O.; Crede, V.; D' Angelo, A.; Dashyan, N.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Deur, A.; Djalali, C.; Dugger, M.; Dupre, R.; El Alaoui, A.; El Fassi, L.; Eugenio, P.; Fanchini, E.; Fedotov, G.; Filippi, A.; Fleming, J. A.; Gevorgyan, N.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guo, L.; Hafidi, K.; Hakobyan, H.; Hanretty, C.; Harrison, N.; Hattawy, M.; Holtrop, M.; Hicks, K.; Hughes, S. M.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Isupov, E. L.; Jiang, H.; Jo, H. S.; Joosten, S.; Keller, D.; Khachatryan, G.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, A.; Kim, W.; Klein, F. J.; Kubarovsky, V.; Kuleshov, S. V.; Lanza, L.; Lenisa, P.; Livingston, K.; Lu, H. Y.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; Mattione, P.; McKinnon, B.; Meyer, C. A.; Mirazita, M.; Markov, N.; Mokeev, V.; Moriya, K.; Munevar, E.; Murdoch, G.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Net, L. A.; Ni, A.; Osipenko, M.; Ostrovidov, A. I.; Park, K.; Pasyuk, E.; Phelps, W.; Pisano, S.; Pogorelko, O.; Price, J. W.; Prok, Y.; Puckett, A. J. R.; Raue, B. A.; Ripani, M.; Rizzo, A.; Rosner, G.; Roy, P.; Salgado, C.; Seder, E.; Sharabian, Y. G.; Skorodumina, Iu.; Smith, E. S.; Smith, G. D.; Sober, D.; Sokhan, D.; Sparveris, N.; Stepanyan, S.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Stankovic, I.; Strauch, S.; Sytnik, V.; Taiuti, M.; Ungaro, M.; Voskanyan, H.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Watts, D. P.; Weygand, D.; Wood, M. H.; Zachariou, N.; Zana, L.; Zhang, J.; Zonta, I.

    2016-06-01

    The f(1)(1285) meson withmass 1281.0 +/- 0.8MeV/c(2) and width 18.4 +/- 1.4MeV (full width at half maximum) was measured for the first time in photoproduction from a proton target using CLAS at Jefferson Lab. Differential cross sections were obtained via the eta pi(+)pi(-), K+(K) over bar (0) pi(-), and (K-K0)pi(+) decay channels from threshold up to a center-of-mass energy of 2.8 GeV. The mass, width, and an amplitude analysis of the eta pi(+)pi(-) final-state Dalitz distribution are consistent with the axial-vector J(P) = 1(+) f(1)(1285) identity, rather than the pseudoscalar 0(-) eta(1295). The production mechanism is more consistent with s-channel decay of a high-mass N* state and not with t-channel meson exchange. Decays to eta pi pi go dominantly via the intermediate a(0)(+/-) (980)pi(-/+) states, with the branching ratio Gamma [a(0)pi (no (K) over barK)]/Gamma[eta pi pi (all)] = 0.74 +/- 0.09. The branching ratios Gamma (K (K) over bar pi)/Gamma(eta pi pi) = 0.216 +/- 0.033 and Gamma (gamma rho(0))/Gamma(eta pi pi) = 0.047 +/- 0.018 were also obtained. The first is in agreement with previous data for the f(1)(1285), while the latter is lower than the world average.

  5. Effect of Pre-Aging Conditions on Bake-Hardening Response of Al-0.4 wt%Mg-1.2 wt%Si-0.1 wt%Mn Alloy Sheets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Kwang-jin; Woo, Kee-do

    2011-01-01

    Pre-aging heat treatment after solution heat treatment (SHT) of Al-0.4 wt%Mg-1.2 wt%Si-0.1 wt%Mn alloy sheets for auto-bodies was carried out to investigate the effect of pre-aging and its conditions on the bake-hardening response. Mechanical properties were evaluated by a tensile and Vickers hardness test. Microstructural observation was also performed using a transmission electron microscope (TEM). It was revealed that pre-aging treatments play a great role in the bake-hardening response. In addition, it was found that the sphere-shaped nanosized clusters that can directly transit to the needle-shaped β” phase during the paint-bake process, not being dissolved into the matrix, are formed at 343 K. The result, reveals that the dominant factor of the bake-hardening response is the pre-aging temperature rather than the pre-aging time.

  6. Coupling of electric charge and magnetic field via electronic phase separation in (La,Pr,Ca)MnO3/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 multiferroic heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Ming; Wang, Wei

    2016-04-01

    The electric-field-tunable non-volatile resistivity and ferromagnetism switching in the (La0.5Pr0.5)0.67Ca0.33MnO3 films grown on (111)-oriented 0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.3PbTiO3 ferroelectric single-crystal substrates have been investigated. By combining the 180° ferroelectric domain switching and in situ X-ray diffraction and resistivity measurements, we identify that this voltage control of order parameters stems from the domain switching-induced accumulation/depletion of charge carriers at the interface rather than induced lattice strain effect. In particular, the polarization-induced charge effect (i.e., ferroelectric field effect) is strongly dependent on the magnetic field. This, together with the charge-modulated magnetoresistance and magnetization, reveals the strong correlation between the electric charge and the magnetic field. Further, we found that this coupling is essentially driven by the electronic phase separation, the relative strength of which could be determined by recording charge-tunability of resistivity [ (Δρ/ρ)c h arg e ] under various magnetic fields. These findings present a potential strategy for elucidating essential physics of perovskite manganites and delivering prototype electronic devices for non-volatile information storage.

  7. In situ DRIFTs investigation of the reaction mechanism over MnO{sub x}-MO{sub y}/Ce{sub 0.75}Zr{sub 0.25}O{sub 2} (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) for the selective catalytic reduction of NO{sub x} with NH{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Hang; Zha, Kaiwen; Li, Hongrui; Shi, Liyi; Zhang, Dengsong, E-mail: dszhang@shu.edu.cn

    2016-11-30

    Highlights: • MnO{sub x}-FeO{sub y}/Ce{sub 0.75}Zr{sub 0.25}O{sub 2} catalyst has a strong NO oxidation ability. • A high dispersion of active components is achieved on catalyst surface. • At high temperatures, bidentate nitrate is the common active species. • The addition of Fe can improve the reactivity of gaseous NO{sub 2} and bridged nitrates. - Abstract: A series of MnO{sub x}-MO{sub y}/Ce{sub 0.75}Zr{sub 0.25}O{sub 2} (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) catalysts were synthesized by an impregnation method and used for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO{sub x} with NH{sub 3}. The catalytic performances of various MnO{sub x}-MO{sub y}/Ce{sub 0.75}Zr{sub 0.25}O{sub 2} catalysts were studied. It was found that MnO{sub x}-FeO{sub y}/Ce{sub 0.75}Zr{sub 0.25}O{sub 2} catalyst showed excellent low-temperature activity and a broad temperature window. The catalysts were characterized by N{sub 2} adsorption/desorption, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and in situ diffuse reflectance infrared transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS). Characterization of the catalyst confirmed the addition of iron oxide can enhance the NO oxidation ability of the catalyst which results in the outstanding low-temperature SCR activity. Meanwhile, iron oxides were well dispersed on catalyst surface which could avoid the agglomeration of active species, contributing to the strong interaction between active species and the support. More importantly, in situ DRIFTS results confirmed that bidentate nitrates are general active species on these catalysts, whereas the reactivity of gaseous NO{sub 2} and bridged nitrates got improved because of the addition of Fe.

  8. Luminescence of MnS in glasses: spectroscopic probe for the study of thermal phase separation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menassa, P E

    1984-01-01

    A new approach for studying thermal phase separation in sodium borosilicate glasses using MnS as a luminescent probe is investigated. Seventy-one samples of glasses activated by MnS inside and around the Na2O.B2O3.SiO2 miscibility gaps were prepared. These samples were then phase separated by dry thermal treatment. It is shown that on addition of MnO, the ternary Na2O.B2O3.SiO2 system behaved like other quaternary systems of the type X2O.MO.B2O3.SiO2 (X = Na, K; M = Mg, Ca, Ba, Zn). Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis demonstrated that manganese concentrates preferentially in the boron-rich phase. This, analysis, in conjuction with a comparison of MnS emission spectra of upheated and heat treated glasses shows that the glasses are submicroscopically phase separated when prepared. The decay-time analysis of MnS luminescence indicates that the low energy emission band arises from MnS in the boron-rich phase while the high energy emission is due to MnS in the silica-rich phase. The difference in the crystal field parameters obtained from the excitation spectra of the two emission bands shows that the high energy emission band is from MnS in tetrahedral sites while the low energy emission band is from MnS in an octahedral environment.

  9. Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca(6-x-y)Mg(x-z)(PO(4))(4):Eu(y)(2+),Mn(z)(2+) phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Ki Hyuk; Im, Won Bin; Jang, Ho Seong; Yoo, Hyoung Sun; Jeon, Duk Young

    2009-12-21

    On the basis of the structural information that the host material has excellent charge stabilization, blue-emitting Ca(6-x-y)Mg(x)(PO(4))(4):Eu(y)(2+) (CMP:Eu(2+)) phosphors were synthesized and systematically optimized, and their photoluminescence (PL) properties were evaluated. Depending upon the amount of Mg added, the emission efficiency of the phosphors could be enhanced. The substitution of Eu(2+) affected their maximum wavelength (lambda(max)) and thermal stability because the substitution site of Eu(2+) could be varied. To obtain single-phase two-color-emitting phosphors, we incorporated Mn(2+) into CMP:Eu(2+) phosphors. Weak red emission resulting from the forbidden transition of Mn(2+) could be enhanced by the energy transfer from Eu(2+) to Mn(2+) that occurs because of the spectral overlap between the photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectrum of Mn(2+) and the PL spectrum of Eu(2+). The energy transfer process was confirmed by the luminescence spectra, energy transfer efficiency, and decay curve of the phosphors. Finally, the optimized Ca(6-x-y)Mg(x-z)(PO(4))(4):Eu(y)(2+),Mn(z)(2+) (CMP:Eu(2+),Mn(2+)) phosphors were applied with green emitting Ca(2)MgSi(2)O(7):Eu(2+) (CMS:Eu(2+)) phosphors to ultraviolet (UV) light emitting diode (LED)-pumped white LEDs. The CMS:Eu(2+)-mixed CMP:Eu(2+), Mn(2+)-based white LEDs showed an excellent color rendering index (CRI) of 98 because of the broader emission band and more stable color coordinates than those of commercial Y(3)Al(5)O(12):Ce(3+) (YAG:Ce(3+))-based white LEDs under a forward bias current of 20 mA. The fabricated white LEDs showed very bright natural white light that had the color coordinate of (0.3288, 0.3401), and thus CMP:Eu(2+),Mn(2+) could be regarded as a good candidate for UV LED-based white LEDs.

  10. Spectroscopic study of anomalous solubility effect of molybdenum trioxide in water in the presence of MgO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bunin, V.M.; Karelin, A.I.; Solov'eva, L.N.

    1992-01-01

    Mechanism of MoO 3 dissolution in water in the presence of MgO was investigated by the methods of raman spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy. Dissolution of MoO 3 proceeds through formation of MgMoO 4 . Its interaction with MoO 3 excess results to formation of magnesium dimolybdate MgMo 2 O 7

  11. Raman spectroscopy of DNA-metal complexes. II. The thermal denaturation of DNA in the presence of Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, and Cd2+.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duguid, J G; Bloomfield, V A; Benevides, J M; Thomas, G J

    1995-12-01

    Differential scanning calorimetry, laser Raman spectroscopy, optical densitometry, and pH potentiometry have been used to investigate DNA melting profiles in the presence of the chloride salts of Ba2+, Sr2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, and Cd2+. Metal-DNA interactions have been observed for the molar ratio [M2+]/[PO2-] = 0.6 in aqueous solutions containing 5% by weight of 160 bp mononucleosomal calf thymus DNA. All of the alkaline earth metals, plus Mn2+, elevate the melting temperature of DNA (Tm > 75.5 degrees C), whereas the transition metals Co2+, Ni2+, and Cd2+ lower Tm. Calorimetric (delta Hcal) and van't Hoff (delta HVH) enthalpies of melting range from 6.2-8.7 kcal/mol bp and 75.6-188.6 kcal/mol cooperative unit, respectively, and entropies from 17.5 to 24.7 cal/K mol bp. The average number of base pairs in a cooperative melting unit () varied from 11.3 to 28.1. No dichotomy was observed between alkaline earth and transition DNA-metal complexes for any of the thermodynamic parameters other than their effects on Tm. These results complement Raman difference spectra, which reveal decreases in backbone order, base unstacking, distortion of glycosyl torsion angles, and rupture of hydrogen bonds, which occur after thermal denaturation. Raman difference spectroscopy shows that transition metals interact with the N7 atom of guanine in duplex DNA. A broader range of interaction sites with single-stranded DNA includes ionic phosphates, the N1 and N7 atoms of purines, and the N3 atom of pyrimidines. For alkaline earth metals, very little interaction was observed with duplex DNA, whereas spectra of single-stranded complexes are very similar to those of melted DNA without metal. However, difference spectra reveal some metal-specific perturbations at 1092 cm-1 (nPO2-), 1258 cm-1 (dC, dA), and 1668 cm-1 (nC==O, dNH2 dT, dG, dC). Increased spectral intensity could also be observed near 1335 cm-1 (dA, dG) for CaDNA. Optical densitometry, employed to detect DNA

  12. Enhanced elevated-temperature performance of LiAl_xSi_0_._0_5Mg_0_._0_5Mn_1_._9_0_-_xO_4 (0≤x≤0.08) cathode materials for high-performance lithium-ion batteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao, Hongyuan; Liu, Shanshan; Wang, Zhenwei; Cai, Yu; Tan, Ming; Liu, Xingquan

    2016-01-01

    In order to significantly enhance the elevated-temperature performance of LiSi_0_._0_5Mg_0_._0_5Mn_1_._9_0O_4, the LiAl_xSi_0_._0_5Mg_0_._0_5Mn_1_._9_0_-_xO_4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.08) samples were firstly prepared via sol-gel technique. All the obtained samples showed the intrinsic spinel structure without any other detectable impurity phases. Among these samples, the LiAl_0_._0_5Si_0_._0_5Mg_0_._0_5Mn_1_._8_5O_4 sample was found to be optimal possessing regular crystal morphology with clean surfaces and presented much better elevated-temperature cycling stability and rate capability. When carried out at 55 °C, the LiAl_0_._0_5Si_0_._0_5Mg_0_._0_5Mn_1_._8_5O_4 sample exhibited the initial discharge capacity of 123.6 mAh g"−"1 at 0.5C between 3.20 and 4.35 V. After 100 cycles, the discharge capacity could still reach up to 115.9 mAh g"−"1 with capacity retention of 93.8%, which was much higher than that of LiSi_0_._0_5Mg_0_._0_5Mn_1_._9_0O_4. At the higher discharge rate of 10C, a high discharge capacity of 82.5 mAh g"−"1 could be obtained with capacity retention of 95.6% after 50 cycles at 55 °C. By contrast, the LiSi_0_._0_5Mg_0_._0_5Mn_1_._9_0O_4 sample only exhibited 43.7 mAh g"−"1 with lower capacity retention of 61.8%. These results indicate that the introduction of appropriate amount of aluminium ions in the magnesium and silicon co-doped spinel can make up for the shortage of co-doping with magnesium and silicon ions in term of the elevated-temperature performance.

  13. Electrochemical hydrogen-storage properties of La{sub 0.78}Mg{sub 0.22}Ni{sub 2.67}Mn{sub 0.11}Al{sub 0.11}Co{sub 0.52}-M1Ni{sub 3.5}Co{sub 0.6}Mn{sub 0.4}Al{sub 0.}-5 composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Hongxia, E-mail: hhxhunan@126.com [Key Lab of New Processing Technology for Nonferrous Metals and Materials Ministry of Education, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin (China); Li, Guohui [Guangxi Scientific Experiment Center of Mining, Metallurgy and Environment, College of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin (China); Zhuang, Shuxin [School of Material Science and engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen (China)

    2013-07-15

    For improving the electrochemical properties of nonstoichiometric AB{sub 3} -type La{sub 0.7}8Mg{sub 0.22}Ni{sub 2.67}Mn{sub 0.11}Al{sub 0.11}Co{sub 0.52} alloy as negative electrode of Ni-MH battery, its related composites La{sub 0.78}Mg{sub 0.22}Ni{sub 2.67}Mn{sub 0.11}Al{sub 0.11}Co{sub 0.52}-x wt.% M1Ni{sub 3.5}Co{sub 0.6}Mn{sub 0.4}Al{sub 0.5} (x = 0, 10, 20, 30) were prepared. Analysis by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) revealed that the composites consist mainly of LaNi{sub 5} and La{sub 2}Ni{sub 7} phases. Despite the small decrease in the maximum discharge capacity, the cycle performance was significantly enhanced. Linear polarization (LP), anodic polarization (AP) and potential step discharge experiments revealed that the electrochemical kinetics increases first and then decreases with increasing x. (author)

  14. Near-UV and blue wavelength excitable Mg{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} high efficiency red phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khanna, A. [Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 (United States); Electrical Computer and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 (United States); Dutta, P.S., E-mail: duttap@rpi.edu [Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 (United States); Electrical Computer and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 (United States)

    2015-05-15

    Red phosphors with narrow emission around 615 nm (with FWHM~5–10 nm) having chemical compositions of A{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} (A=Mg, Sr) have been found to exhibit the highest luminescence amongst the molybdate–tungstate family when excited by sources in the 380–420 nm wavelength range. Thus they are most suitable for enhancing color rendering index and lowering color temperature in phosphor converted white LEDs (pc-WLEDs) with near-UV/blue LED excitation sources. The excitation band edge in the near UV/blue wavelength in the reported phosphor has been attributed to the coordination environment of the transition metal ion (Mo{sup 6+}, W{sup 6+}) and host crystal structure. Furthermore the quantum efficiency of the phosphors has been enhanced by adjusting activator concentration, suitable compositional alloying using substitutional alkaline earth metal cations and charge compensation mechanisms. - Graphical abstract: The charge transfer excitation of orthorhombic Mg{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} is significantly higher than tetragonal CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+} phosphors making Mg{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} prime candidates for fabrication of warm white phosphor-converted LEDs. - Highlights: • LED excitable Mg{sub 0.6}Ca{sub 2.16}Mo{sub 0.2}W{sub 0.8}O{sub 6}: Eu{sub 0.12}{sup 3+}/Na{sub 0.12}{sup +} phosphors were synthesized. • These phosphors are 10 times more intense than CaMoO{sub 4}: Eu{sup 3+} red phosphors. • Their intensity and efficiency were enhanced by materials optimization techniques. • Such techniques include compositional alloying, charge compensation, etc.

  15. Effect of Ni substitution on the structural and transport properties of Ni{sub x}Mn{sub 0.8-x}Mg{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}; 0.0 {<=} x {<=} 0.40 ferrite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmed, M.A., E-mail: moala1947@yahoo.com [Materials Science Lab (1), Physics Dept., Faculty of Science, Cairo Univ., Giza (Egypt); Bishay, Samiha T. [Phys. Dept., Faculty of Girls for Art, Science and Education, Ain Shams Univ., Cairo (Egypt); El-dek, S.I.; Omar, G. [Materials Science Lab (1), Physics Dept., Faculty of Science, Cairo Univ., Giza (Egypt)

    2011-01-21

    Research highlights: We aimed to merge the advantages of both Ni and Mn ferrites and to profit from the existence of Mg in small constant ratio to assure the large magnetization of the ferrite under investigation. To achieve such goals one have to investigate the effect of Ni substitution on the structural and electrical properties of Mn-Mg ferrite of the chemical formula Ni{sub x}Mn{sub 0.8-x}Mg{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}; 0 {<=} x {<=} 0.40 prepared by conventional ceramic technique. - Abstract: Ni{sub x}Mn{sub 0.8-x}Mg{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}; 0.0{<=} x {<=}0.40 was prepared by standard ceramic technique, presintering was carried out at 900 deg. C and final sintering at 1200 deg. C with heating/cooling rate 4 deg. C/min. X-ray diffraction analyses assured the formation of the samples in a single phase spinel cubic structure. The calculated crystal size was obtained in the range of 75-130 nm. A slight increase in the theoretical density and decrease in the porosity was obtained with increasing the nickel content. This result was discussed based on the difference in the atomic masses between Ni (58.71) and Mn (54.938). IR spectral analyses show four bands of the spinel ferrite for all the samples. The conductivity and dielectric loss factor give nearly continuous decrease with increasing Ni-content. This was discussed as the result of the significant role of the multivalent cations, such as iron, nickel, manganese, in the conduction mechanism. Anomalous behavior was obtained for the sample with x = 0.20 as highest dielectric constant, highest dielectric loss and highest conductivity. This anomalous behavior was explained due to the existence of two divalent cations on B-sites with the same ratio, namely, Mg{sup 2+} and Ni{sup 2+}.

  16. Voltage profile, structural prediction, and electronic calculations for MgxMo6S8

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kganyago, KR

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available the binary Mo6S8 and MgAMo6S8 ~see Table III!, the Mo-Mo distances decrease by (0.521)%. This decrease corresponds to an an- isotropic contraction of the Mo6 octahedron. The Mo cluster of the rhombohedral compounds forms an elongated octahe- dron of symmetry...

  17. Doping Li-rich cathode material Li2MnO3 : Interplay between lattice site preference, electronic structure, and delithiation mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoang, Khang

    2017-12-01

    We report a detailed first-principles study of doping in Li2MnO3 , in both the dilute doping limit and heavy doping, using hybrid density-functional calculations. We find that Al, Fe, Mo, and Ru impurities are energetically most favorable when incorporated into Li2MnO3 at the Mn site, whereas Mg is most favorable when doped at the Li sites. Nickel, on the other hand, can be incorporated at the Li site and/or the Mn site, and the distribution of Ni over the lattice sites can be tuned by tuning the material preparation conditions. There is a strong interplay among the lattice site preference and charge and spin states of the dopant, the electronic structure of the doped material, and the delithiation mechanism. The calculated electronic structure and voltage profile indicate that in Ni-, Mo-, or Ru-doped Li2MnO3 , oxidation occurs on the electrochemically active transition-metal ion(s) before it does on oxygen during the delithiation process. The role of the dopants is to provide charge compensation and bulk electronic conduction mechanisms in the initial stages of delithiation, hence enabling the oxidation of the lattice oxygen in the later stages. This work thus illustrates how the oxygen-oxidation mechanism can be used in combination with the conventional mechanism involving transition-metal cations in design of high-capacity battery cathode materials.

  18. Mild hydrothermal crystal growth of new uranium(IV) fluorides, Na{sub 3.13}Mg{sub 1.43}U{sub 6}F{sub 30} and Na{sub 2.50}Mn{sub 1.75}U{sub 6}F{sub 30}: Structures, optical and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yeon, Jeongho; Smith, Mark D. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Tapp, Joshua; Möller, Angela [Department of Chemistry and Texas Center for Superconductivity, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 (United States); Loye, Hans-Conrad zur, E-mail: zurloye@mailbox.sc.edu [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States)

    2016-04-15

    Two new uranium(IV) fluorides, Na{sub 3.13}Mg{sub 1.43}U{sub 6}F{sub 30} (1) and Na{sub 2.50}Mn{sub 1.75}U{sub 6}F{sub 30} (2), were synthesized through an in situ mild hydrothermal route, and were structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The compounds exhibit complex crystal structures composed of corner- or edge-shared UF{sub 9} and MF{sub 6} (M=Mg, Mn) polyhedra, forming hexagonal channels in the three-dimensional framework, in which ordered or disordered divalent metal and sodium atoms reside. The large hexagonal voids contain the nearly regular M(II)F{sub 6} octahedra and sodium ions, whereas the small hexagonal cavities include M(II) and sodium ions on a mixed-occupied site. Magnetic susceptibility measurements yielded effective magnetic moments of 8.36 and 11.6 µ{sub B} for 1 and 2, respectively, confirming the presence and oxidation states of U(IV) and Mn(II). The large negative Weiss constants indicate the spin gap between a triplet and a singlet state in the U(IV). Magnetization data as a function of applied fields revealed that 2 exhibits paramagnetic behavior due to the nonmagnetic singlet ground state of U(IV) at low temperature. UV–vis diffuse reflectance and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data were also analyzed. - Graphical abstract: Two new quaternary U(IV) fluorides, Na{sub 3.13}Mg{sub 1.43}U{sub 6}F{sub 30} and Na{sub 2.50}Mn{sub 1.75}U{sub 6}F{sub 30}, were crystallized via an in situ reduction step of U(VI) to U(IV) under mild hydrothermal conditions. The compounds show complex crystal structures based on the 3-D building block of U{sub 6}F{sub 30}. Magnetic property measurements revealed that the U(IV) exhibits a nonmagnetic singlet ground state at low temperature with a spin gap. - Highlights: • Na{sub 3.13}Mg{sub 1.43}U{sub 6}F{sub 30} and Na{sub 2.50}Mn{sub 1.75}U{sub 6}F{sub 30} have been synthesized and characterized. • The U(IV) fluorides exhibit complex three-dimensional crystal structures. • The

  19. Measurement of the Single Top Quark Production Cross Section and <mo stretchy='false'>|mo>Vtb<mo stretchy='false'>|mo> in Events with One Charged Lepton, Large Missing Transverse Energy, and Jets at CDF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aaltonen, T.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J. A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Asaadi, J.; Ashmanskas, W.; Auerbach, B.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Bae, T.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barria, P.; Bartos, P.; Bauce, M.; Bedeschi, F.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Bhatti, A.; Bland, K. R.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brucken, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Butti, P.; Buzatu, A.; Calamba, A.; Camarda, S.; Campanelli, M.; Canelli, F.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Casal, B.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavaliere, V.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Clark, A.; Clarke, C.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Corbo, M.; Cordelli, M.; Cox, C. A.; Cox, D. J.; Cremonesi, M.; Cruz, D.; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; d’Ascenzo, N.; Datta, M.; de Barbaro, P.; Demortier, L.; Deninno, M.; D’Errico, M.; Devoto, F.; Di Canto, A.; Di Ruzza, B.; Dittmann, J. R.; Donati, S.; D’Onofrio, M.; Dorigo, M.; Driutti, A.; Ebina, K.; Edgar, R.; Elagin, A.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, S.; Esham, B.; Farrington, S.; Fernández Ramos, J. P.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Forrest, R.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Frisch, H.; Funakoshi, Y.; Galloni, C.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Garosi, P.; Gerberich, H.; Gerchtein, E.; Giagu, S.; Giakoumopoulou, V.; Gibson, K.; Ginsburg, C. M.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldin, D.; Golossanov, A.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González López, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Gramellini, E.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Guimaraes da Costa, J.; Hahn, S. R.; Han, J. Y.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, M.; Harr, R. F.; Harrington-Taber, T.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hays, C.; Heinrich, J.; Herndon, M.; Hirschbuehl, D.; Hocker, A.; Hong, Z.; Hopkins, W.; Hou, S.; Hughes, R. E.; Husemann, U.; Hussein, M.; Huston, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ivanov, A.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeon, E. J.; Jindariani, S.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Junk, T. R.; Kambeitz, M.; Kamon, T.; Karchin, P. E.; Kasmi, A.; Kato, Y.; Ketchum, W.; Keung, J.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, Y. J.; Kim, Y. K.; Kimura, N.; Kirby, M.; Knoepfel, K.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Kruse, M.; Kuhr, T.; Kurata, M.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lannon, K.; Latino, G.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, J. S.; Leo, S.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limosani, A.; Lipeles, E.; Lister, A.; Liu, H.; Liu, Q.; Liu, T.; Lockwitz, S.; Loginov, A.; Lucchesi, D.; Lucà, A.; Lueck, J.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; Madrak, R.; Maestro, P.; Malik, S.; Manca, G.; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A.; Marchese, L.; Margaroli, F.; Marino, P.; Matera, K.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazzacane, A.; Mazzanti, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Mehtala, P.; Mesropian, C.; Miao, T.; Mietlicki, D.; Mitra, A.; Miyake, H.; Moed, S.; Moggi, N.; Moon, C. S.; Moore, R.; Morello, M. J.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, Th.; Murat, P.; Mussini, M.; Nachtman, J.; Nagai, Y.; Naganoma, J.; Nakano, I.; Napier, A.; Nett, J.; Neu, C.; Nigmanov, T.; Nodulman, L.; Noh, S. Y.; Norniella, O.; Oakes, L.; Oh, S. H.; Oh, Y. D.; Oksuzian, I.; Okusawa, T.; Orava, R.; Ortolan, L.; Pagliarone, C.; Palencia, E.; Palni, P.; Papadimitriou, V.; Parker, W.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Paus, C.; Phillips, T. J.; Pianori, E.; Pilot, J.; Pitts, K.; Plager, C.; Pondrom, L.; Poprocki, S.; Potamianos, K.; Pranko, A.; Prokoshin, F.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Redondo Fernández, I.; Renton, P.; Rescigno, M.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Robson, A.; Rodriguez, T.; Rolli, S.; Ronzani, M.; Roser, R.; Rosner, J. L.; Ruffini, F.; Ruiz, A.; Russ, J.; Rusu, V.; Sakumoto, W. K.; Sakurai, Y.; Santi, L.; Sato, K.; Saveliev, V.; Savoy-Navarro, A.; Schlabach, P.; Schmidt, E. E.; Schwarz, T.; Scodellaro, L.; Scuri, F.; Seidel, S.; Seiya, Y.; Semenov, A.; Sforza, F.; Shalhout, S. Z.; Shears, T.; Shepard, P. F.; Shimojima, M.; Shochet, M.; Shreyber-Tecker, I.; Simonenko, A.; Sliwa, K.; Smith, J. R.; Snider, F. D.; Song, H.; Sorin, V.; St. Denis, R.; Stancari, M.; Stentz, D.; Strologas, J.; Sudo, Y.; Sukhanov, A.; Suslov, I.; Takemasa, K.; Takeuchi, Y.; Tang, J.; Tecchio, M.; Teng, P. K.; Thom, J.; Thomson, E.; Thukral, V.; Toback, D.; Tokar, S.; Tollefson, K.; Tomura, T.; Tonelli, D.; Torre, S.; Torretta, D.; Totaro, P.; Trovato, M.; Ukegawa, F.; Uozumi, S.; Vázquez, F.; Velev, G.; Vellidis, C.; Vernieri, C.; Vidal, M.; Vilar, R.; Vizán, J.; Vogel, M.; Volpi, G.; Wagner, P.; Wallny, R.; Wang, S. M.; Waters, D.; Wester, W. C.; Whiteson, D.; Wicklund, A. B.; Wilbur, S.; Williams, H. H.; Wilson, J. S.; Wilson, P.; Winer, B. L.; Wittich, P.; Wolbers, S.; Wolfe, H.; Wright, T.; Wu, X.; Wu, Z.; Yamamoto, K.; Yamato, D.; Yang, T.; Yang, U. K.; Yang, Y. C.; Yao, W. -M.; Yeh, G. P.; Yi, K.; Yoh, J.; Yorita, K.; Yoshida, T.; Yu, G. B.; Yu, I.; Zanetti, A. M.; Zeng, Y.; Zhou, C.; Zucchelli, S.

    2014-12-31

    We report a measurement of single top quark production in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of smo>=>1.96mn> TeV using a data set corresponding to mn>7.5mn> fbmo>->1mn> of integrated luminosity collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. We select events consistent with the single top quark decay process tmo stretchy="false">→mo>Wbmo stretchy="false">→mo>mo>ℓmo>νb by requiring the presence of an electron or muon, a large imbalance of transverse momentum indicating the presence of a neutrino, and two or three jets including at least one originating from a bottom quark. An artificial neural network is used to discriminate the signal from backgrounds. We measure a single top quark production cross section of mn>3.0mn>>4mn>mo>->0.53mn>mo>+>0.57mn> pb and set a lower limit on the magnitude of the coupling between the top quark and bottom quark mo stretchy="false">|mo>

  20. Preparation and electrical properties of Mn{sub 1.05−y}Co{sub 1.95−x−z−w}Ni{sub x}Mg{sub y}Al{sub z}Fe{sub w}O{sub 4} NTC ceramic derived from microemulsion method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xia, Junbo [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhao, Qing, E-mail: zhaoq@ms.xjb.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); Gao, Bo [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Chang, Aimin, E-mail: changam@ms.xjb.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); Zhang, Bo; Ma, Renjun [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2014-04-05

    Highlights: • The NTC thermister nano-powders Mn{sub 1.05−y}Co{sub 1.95−x−z−w}Ni{sub x}Mg{sub y}Al{sub z}Fe{sub w}O{sub 4} were prepared by microemulsion method. • The metal ions were subsided after twice sediment reaction. • The specimens show good electrical properties by doping some nontransition metals. -- Abstract: The NTC thermistor nano-powders of Mn{sub 1.05−y}Co{sub 1.95−x−z−w}Ni{sub x}Mg{sub y}Al{sub z}Fe{sub w}O{sub 4} were prepared by microemulsion method. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image showed that the particles were well distributed. The mean particle-size was 72 nm. The structure of the precursor was investigated with Fourier infrared spectrometer (FI). The compositions of the powder and the as-sintered ceramic were evaluated by Energy Disperse Spectroscopy (EDS). X-ray diffraction (XRD) result indicated that the sintered samples were in the spinel structure. The room temperature resistivity ρ{sub 25}, material constant B{sub 25/85} and activation energies of the NTC thermistor are in the range of 1173–19,059 Ω cm, 3169–3771 k, 0.2672–0.3136 eV. The room temperature resistivity and B{sub 25/85} constant were found to increase with Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} content. The Mn{sub 0.9}Co{sub 1.2}Ni{sub 0.21}Mg{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.09}Fe{sub 0.45}(A2) and Mn{sub 0.9}Co{sub 1.2}Ni{sub 0.27}Mg{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.03}Fe{sub 0.45}(A3) specimens both showed a 200 °C resistance drift (ΔR/R) within 10% after aging at 910 °C for 600 h.

  1. Multilevel Resistance Switching Memory in La2/3Ba1/3MnO3/0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.3PbTiO3 (011) Heterostructure by Combined Straintronics-Spintronics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Weiping; Xiong, Yuanqiang; Zhang, Zhengming; Wang, Dunhui; Tan, Weishi; Cao, Qingqi; Qian, Zhenghong; Du, Youwei

    2016-03-02

    We demonstrate a memory device with multifield switchable multilevel states at room temperature based on the integration of straintronics and spintronics in a La2/3Ba1/3MnO3/0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.3PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) (011) heterostructure. By precisely controlling the electric field applied on the PMN-PT substrate, multiple nonvolatile resistance states can be generated in La2/3Ba1/3MnO3 films, which can be ascribed to the strain-modulated metal-insulator transition and phase separation of Manganite. Furthermore, because of the strong coupling between spin and charge degrees of freedom, the resistance of the La2/3Ba1/3MnO3 film can be readily modulated by magnetic field over a broad temperature range. Therefore, by combining electroresistance and magnetoresistance effects, multilevel resistance states with excellent retention and endurance properties can be achieved at room temperature with the coactions of electric and magnetic fields. The incorporation of ferroelastic strain and magnetic and resistive properties in memory cells suggests a promising approach for multistate, high-density, and low-power consumption electronic memory devices.

  2. Phase-Separated, Epitaxial, Nanostructured LaMnO3+MgO Composite Cap Layer Films for Propagation of Pinning Defects in YBa2Cu3O7-x Coated Conductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wee, Sung Hun [ORNL; Shin, Junsoo [ORNL; Cantoni, Claudia [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; Cook, Sylvester W [ORNL; Zuev, Yuri L [ORNL; Specht, Eliot D [ORNL; Xiong, Xuming [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Goyal, Amit [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    Nanostructural modulation in the cap layer used in coated conductors can be a potential source for nucleating microstructural defects into the superconducting layer for improving the flux-pinning. We report on the successful fabrication of phase separated, epitaxial, nanostructured films comprised of LaMnO{sub 3} (LMO) and MgO via pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on biaxially-textured MgO metallic templates with a LMO buffer layer. Scanning Auger compositional mapping and transmission electron microscopy cross sectional images confirm the nanoscale, spatial modulation corresponding to the nanostructured phase separation in the film. YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} films (0.8 {micro}m thick) grown using PLD on such phase separated, nanostructured cap layers show reduced field dependence of the critical current density with an ? value of -0.38 (in J{sub c}-H{sup -{alpha}}).

  3. Part II. Large scale applications of Ni{sub x}Mn{sub 0.8-x}Mg{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}; 0.1 {<=} x {<=} 0.35 using laser irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmed, M.A., E-mail: moala1947@yahoo.com [Materials Science. Lab (1), Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza (Egypt); Bishay, Samiha T. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Girls for Art, Science and Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); El-dek, S.I.; Omar, G. [Materials Science. Lab (1), Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza (Egypt)

    2011-07-28

    Highlights: >X-ray diffractograms of Ni{sub x}Mn{sub 0.8-x}Mg{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} samples before and after laser irradiation are characteristic of cubic spinel structure with better crystallinity after irradiation. > The crystal size of the ferrite increases after laser irradiation. > The main conduction mechanism in the investigated system is the correlated barrier hopping and it is the same before and laser irradiation. > The conductivity decreases after laser irradiation. - Abstract: Ni{sub x}Mn{sub 0.8-x}Mg{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}; 0.1 {<=} x {<=} 0.35 was prepared by standard ceramic technique at sintering temperature 1200 deg. C using heating / cooling rate 4 deg. C/min. The samples were irradiated by Nd YAG pulsed laser with energy of the pulse 250 mJ. X-ray diffractograms reveal cubic spinel structure for all the samples before and after laser irradiation. After laser irradiation, better crystallinity was obtained in a form of an increase in the calculated crystal size. This increase was discussed as due to the change in the valence of some ions like Fe{sup 3+}, Ni{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+}. The conductivity of all the investigated samples decreases after laser irradiation and becomes temperature independent for a wider range than that before irradiation. This was ascribed to electron rearrangement after laser irradiation. Accordingly, these ferrites are recommended to be useful in electronic devices.

  4. Synthesis and properties of A{sub 6}B{sub 2}(OH){sub 16}Cl{sub 2}.4H{sub 2}O (A = Mg, Ni, Zn, Co, Mn and B = Al, Fe) materials for environmental applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dias, Anderson, E-mail: anderson_dias@iceb.ufop.br [Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Campus Morro do Cruzeiro, ICEB II, Sala 67, Ouro Preto-MG, 35400-000 (Brazil); Cunha, Lumena; Vieira, Andiara C. [Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Campus Morro do Cruzeiro, ICEB II, Sala 67, Ouro Preto-MG, 35400-000 (Brazil)

    2011-09-15

    Highlights: {yields} A{sub 6}B{sub 2}(OH){sub 16}Cl{sub 2}.4H{sub 2}O (A = Mg, Ni, Zn, Co, Mn and B = Al, Fe) materials were synthesized. {yields} Chemical synthesis produced different levels of crystallinity and ordering degree. {yields} Structural investigation by Raman scattering revealed a complex band structure. {yields} A strong correlation between band structure and ionic radius was determined. -- Abstract: Double layered hydroxide materials of composition A{sub 6}B{sub 2}(OH){sub 16}Cl{sub 2}.4H{sub 2}O (A = Mg, Ni, Zn, Co, Mn and B = Al, Fe) were synthesized by chemical precipitation at 60 {sup o}C. Different levels of crystallinity and ordering degree were observed depending upon the chemical environment or the combination between divalent and trivalent cations. The results from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy revealed that nanostructured layered samples were obtained with interplanar spacing compatible with previous literature. Raman scattering was employed to investigate the complex band structure observed, particularly the lattice vibrations at lower frequencies, which is intimately correlated to the cationic radius of both divalent and trivalent ions. The results showed that strongly coordinated water and chloride ions besides highly structured hydroxide layers have a direct influence on the stability of the hydrotalcites. It was observed that transition and decomposition temperatures varied largely for different chemical compositions.

  5. The suitability of the simplified method of the analysis of coffee infusions on the content of Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn and Zn and the study of the effect of preparation conditions on the leachability of elements into the coffee brew.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stelmach, Ewelina; Pohl, Pawel; Szymczycha-Madeja, Anna

    2013-12-01

    A fast and straightforward method of the analysis of coffee infusions was developed for measurements of total concentrations of Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn and Zn by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Its validity was proved by the analysis of spiked samples; recoveries of added metals were found to be within 98-104% while the precision was better than 4%. The method devised was used for the analysis of re-distilled water infusions of six popular ground coffees available in the Polish market. Using the mud coffee preparation it was established that percentages of metals leached in these conditions varied a lot among analysed coffees, especially for Ca (14-42%), Mg (6-25%) and Zn (1-24%). For remaining metals, the highest extractabilities were assessed for Mn (30-52%) while the lowest for Fe (4-16%) and Cu (2-12%). In addition, it was found that the water type and the coffee brewing preparation method influence the concentration of studied metals in coffee infusions the most. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Measurement of the <mn>3mn>s>1mn>/>2mn>->3mn>p>3mn>/>2mn> resonance line of sodiumlike Eu<mn>52mn>+>

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Träbert, E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Beiersdorfer, P. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Hell, N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of Erlangen-Nuremberg (Germany); Brown, G. V. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-08-01

    We have measured the 3 s 1 / 2 - 3 p 3 / 2 transition in sodiumlike Eu 52 + situated at 41.232 Å with an uncertainty of 73 ppm. Our measurement extends previous high-precision measurements into the 56 < Z < 78 range of atomic numbers. We also present measurements of 3 s 1 / 2 - 3 p 3 / 2 and 3 p 1 / 2 - 3 d 3 / 2 transitions in the neighboring magnesiumlike, aluminumlike, and siliconlike europium ions.

  7. Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in top quark-antiquark production in pp<mo accent='true' stretchy='false'>¯mo> collisions using the lepton<mo mathvariant='bold'>+mo>jets channel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Agnew, J. P.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Askew, A.; Atkins, S.; Augsten, K.; Avila, C.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Baringer, P.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bazterra, V.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Bellantoni, L.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besançon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatia, S.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Borysova, M.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, O.; Brock, R.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Bu, X. B.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Buszello, C. P.; Camacho-Pérez, E.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Caughron, S.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Chapon, E.; Chen, G.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M. -C.; Cutts, D.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de Jong, S. J.; De La Cruz-Burelo, E.; Déliot, F.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Deterre, C.; DeVaughan, K.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Ding, P. F.; Dominguez, A.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Falkowski, A.; Fauré, A.; Feng, L.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fuess, S.; Garbincius, P. H.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; García-González, J. A.; Gavrilov, V.; Geng, W.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Ginther, G.; Gogota, O.; Golovanov, G.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J. -F.; Grohsjean, A.; Grünendahl, S.; Grünewald, M. W.; Guillemin, T.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haley, J.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Head, T.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegab, H.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Heredia-De La Cruz, I.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoang, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hogan, J.; Hohlfeld, M.; Holzbauer, J. L.; Howley, I.; Hubacek, Z.; Hynek, V.; Iashvili, I.; Ilchenko, Y.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffré, M.; Jayasinghe, A.; Jeong, M. S.; Jesik, R.; Jiang, P.; Johns, K.; Johnson, E.; Johnson, M.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Joshi, J.; Jung, A. W.; Juste, A.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Katsanos, I.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Kiselevich, I.; Kohli, J. M.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kurča, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Lammers, S.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, S. W.; Lee, W. M.; Lei, X.; Lellouch, J.; Li, D.; Li, H.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; Lopes de Sa, R.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Madar, R.; Magaña-Villalba, R.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Mansour, J.; Martínez-Ortega, J.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; Miconi, F.; Mondal, N. K.; Mulhearn, M.; Nagy, E.; Narain, M.; Nayyar, R.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neustroev, P.; Nguyen, H. T.; Nunnemann, T.; Orbaker, D.; Orduna, J.; Osman, N.; Osta, J.; Pal, A.; Parashar, N.; Parihar, V.; Park, S. K.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Patwa, A.; Penning, B.; Perfilov, M.; Peters, Y.; Petridis, K.; Petrillo, G.; Pétroff, P.; Pleier, M. -A.; Podstavkov, V. M.; Popov, A. V.; Prewitt, M.; Price, D.; Prokopenko, N.; Qian, J.; Quadt, A.; Quinn, B.; Ratoff, P. N.; Razumov, I.; Ripp-Baudot, I.; Rizatdinova, F.; Rominsky, M.; Ross, A.; Royon, C.; Rubinov, P.; Ruchti, R.; Sajot, G.; Sánchez-Hernández, A.; Sanders, M. P.; Santos, A. S.; Savage, G.; Savitskyi, M.; Sawyer, L.; Scanlon, T.; Schamberger, R. D.; Scheglov, Y.; Schellman, H.; Schwanenberger, C.; Schwienhorst, R.; Sekaric, J.; Severini, H.; Shabalina, E.; Shary, V.; Shaw, S.; Shchukin, A. A.; Simak, V.; Skubic, P.; Slattery, P.; Smirnov, D.; Snow, G. R.; Snow, J.; Snyder, S.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Sonnenschein, L.; Soustruznik, K.; Stark, J.; Stoyanova, D. A.; Strauss, M.; Suter, L.; Svoisky, P.; Titov, M.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Tsai, Y. -T.; Tsybychev, D.; Tuchming, B.; Tully, C.; Uvarov, L.; Uvarov, S.; Uzunyan, S.; Van Kooten, R.; van Leeuwen, W. M.; Varelas, N.; Varnes, E. W.; Vasilyev, I. A.; Verkheev, A. Y.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Verzocchi, M.; Vesterinen, M.; Vilanova, D.; Vokac, P.; Wahl, H. D.; Wang, M. H. L. S.; Warchol, J.; Watts, G.; Wayne, M.; Weichert, J.; Welty-Rieger, L.; Williams, M. R. J.; Wilson, G. W.; Wobisch, M.; Wood, D. R.; Wyatt, T. R.; Xie, Y.; Yamada, R.; Yang, S.; Yasuda, T.; Yatsunenko, Y. A.; Ye, W.; Ye, Z.; Yin, H.; Yip, K.; Youn, S. W.; Yu, J. M.; Zennamo, J.; Zhao, T. G.; Zhou, B.; Zhu, J.; Zielinski, M.; Zieminska, D.; Zivkovic, L.

    2014-10-01

    We present a measurement of the forward–backward asymmetry in top quark–antiquark production using the full Tevatron Run II data set collected by the D0 experiment at Fermilab. The measurement is performed in leptonmo>+mo>jets final states using a new kinematic fitting algorithm for events with four or more jets and a new partial reconstruction algorithm for events with only three jets. Corrected for detector acceptance and resolution effects, the asymmetry is evaluated to be AFBmo>= stretchy="false">(mo>>10.6mn>±>3.0mn> stretchy="false">)mo>mo>%>. Results are consistent with the standard model predictions which range from 5.0% to 8.8%. We also present the dependence of the asymmetry on the invariant mass of the top quark–antiquark system and the difference in rapidities of the top quark and antiquark.

  8. New procedure of quantitative mapping of Ti and Al released from dental implant and Mg, Ca, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn as physiological elements in oral mucosa by LA-ICP-MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajnóg, Adam; Hanć, Anetta; Koczorowski, Ryszard; Barałkiewicz, Danuta

    2017-12-01

    A new procedure for determination of elements derived from titanium implants and physiological elements in soft tissues by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) is presented. The analytical procedure was developed which involved preparation of in-house matrix matched solid standards with analyte addition based on certified reference material (CRM) MODAS-4 Cormorant Tissue. Addition of gelatin, serving as a binding agent, essentially improved physical properties of standards. Performance of the analytical method was assayed and validated by calculating parameters like precision, detection limits, trueness and recovery of analyte addition using additional CRM - ERM-BB184 Bovine Muscle. Analyte addition was additionally confirmed by microwave digestion of solid standards and analysis by solution nebulization ICP-MS. The detection limits are in range 1.8μgg -1 to 450μgg -1 for Mn and Ca respectively. The precision values range from 7.3% to 42% for Al and Zn respectively. The estimated recoveries of analyte addition line within scope of 83%-153% for Mn and Cu respectively. Oral mucosa samples taken from patients treated with titanium dental implants were examined using developed analytical method. Standards and tissue samples were cryocut into 30µm thin sections. LA-ICP-MS allowed to obtain two-dimensional maps of distribution of elements in tested samples which revealed high content of Ti and Al derived from implants. Photographs from optical microscope displayed numerous particles with µm size in oral mucosa samples which suggests that they are residues from implantation procedure. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. General synthesis of hierarchical C/MOx@MnO2 (M=Mn, Cu, Co) composite nanofibers for high-performance supercapacitor electrodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nie, Guangdi; Lu, Xiaofeng; Chi, Maoqiang; Gao, Mu; Wang, Ce

    2018-01-01

    Improving the conductivity and specific surface area of electrospun carbon nanofibers (CNFs) is beneficial to a rapid realization of their applications in energy storage field. Here, a series of one-dimensional C/MO x (M=Mn, Cu, Co) nanostructures are first prepared by a simple two-step process consisting of electrospinning and thermal treatment. The presence of low-valence MO x enhances the porosity and conductivity of nanocomposites to some extent through expanding graphitic domains or mixing metallic Cu into the CNF substrates. Next, the C/MO x frameworks are coated with MnO 2 nanosheets/nanowhiskers (C/MO x @MnO 2 ), during which process the low-valence MO x can partly reduce KMnO 4 so as to mitigate the consumption of CNFs. When used as active materials for supercapacitor electrodes, the obtained C/MO x @MnO 2 exhibit excellent electrochemical performances in comparison with the common CNFs@MnO 2 (CM) core-shell electrode due to the combination of desired functions of the individual components and the introduction of extra synergistic effect. It is believed that these results will provide an alternative way to further increase the capacitive properties of CNFs- or metal oxide-based nanomaterials and potentially stimulate the investigation on other kinds of C/MO x composite nanostructures for various applications. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Distribution of P, K, Ca, Mg, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn in wood and bark age classes of willows and poplars used for phytoextraction on soils contaminated by risk elements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zárubová, Pavla; Hejcman, Michal; Vondráčková, Stanislava; Mrnka, Libor; Száková, Jiřina; Tlustoš, Pavel

    2015-12-01

    Fast-growing clones of Salix and Populus have been studied for remediation of soils contaminated by risk elements (RE) using short-rotation coppice plantations. Our aim was to assess biomass yield and distributions of elements in wood and bark of highly productive willow (S1--[Salix schwerinii × Salix viminalis] × S. viminalis, S2--Salix × smithiana clone S-218) and poplar (P1--Populus maximowiczii × Populus nigra, P2--P. nigra) clones with respect to aging. The field experiment was established in April 2008 on moderately Cd-, Pb- and Zn- contaminated soil. Shoots were harvested after four seasons (February 2012) and separated into annual classes of wood and bark. All tested clones grew on contaminated soils, with highest biomass production and lowest mortality exhibited by P1 and S2. Concentrations of elements, with exception of Ca and Pb, decreased with age and were higher in bark than in wood. The Salix clones were characterised by higher removal of Cd, Mn and Zn compared to the Populus clones. Despite generally higher RE content in young shoots, partly due to lower wood/bark ratios and higher RE concentrations in bark, the overall removal of RE was higher in older wood classes due to higher biomass yield. Thus, longer rotations seem to be more effective when phytoextraction strategy is considered. Of the four selected clones, S1 exhibited the best removal of Cd and Zn and is a good candidate for phytoextraction.

  11. Hydrogen storage and microstructure investigations of La{sub 0.7-x}Mg{sub 0.3}Pr{sub x}Al{sub 0.3}Mn{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 3.8} alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galdino, G.S.; Casini, J.C.S.; Ferreira, E.A.; Faria, R.N.; Takiishi, H., E-mail: agsgaldino@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (DM/IPEN-CNEN/SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Metalurgia

    2010-07-01

    The effects of substitution of Pr for La in the hydrogen storage capacity and microstructures of La{sub 0.7-x}Pr{sub x}Mg{sub 0.3}Al{sub 0.3}Mn{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 3.8} (x=0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7) alloys electrodes have been studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) and electrical tests were carried out in a the alloys and electrodes. Cycles of charge and discharge have also been carried out in the Ni/MH (Metal hydride) batteries based on the alloys negative electrodes. (author)

  12. α decay of the T<mo>=>1mn>, >2mn>+> state in B<mn>10mn> and isospin symmetry breaking in the A<mo>=>10mn> triplet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuvin, S. A.; Wuosmaa, A. H.; Lister, C. J.; Avila, M. L.; Hoffman, C. R.; Kay, B. P.; McNeel, D. G.; Morse, C.; McCutchan, E. A.; Santiago-Gonzalez, D.; Winkelbauer, J. R.

    2017-10-01

    The rate of the T = 1, 2(+) to T = 1, 0(+) transition in B-10 (T = 1, T-z = 0) is compared to the analog transitions in Be-10 (T = 1, T-z = -1) and C-10 (T = 1, T-z = +1) to provide constraints on ab initio calculations using realistic nuclear forces. The relevant state in B-10, at E-x = 5.164 MeV, is particle unbound. Therefore, a determination of the B(E2) electromagnetic transition rate requires a precise and accurate determination of the width of the state, as well as the alpha-particle and gamma-ray branching ratios. Previous measurements of the a-particle branching ratio are just barely in agreement. We report on a new study of the alpha-particle branch by studying the B-10(p, p') B-10* reaction in inverse kinematics with the HELIOS spectrometer. The alpha-particle branching ratio that we observe, 0.144 +/- 0.027, is in good agreement with the evaluated value and improves the associated uncertainty. The resulting experimental B(E2) value is 7.0 +/- 2.2 e(2)fm(4) and is more consistent with a flat trend across the A = 10 triplet than previously reported. This is inconsistent with Green's functionMonte Carlo predictions using realistic three-nucleon Hamiltonians, which overpredict the B(E2) value in C-10 and B-10.

  13. Phase equilibrium in Rb2MoO4-AMoO4-Zr(MOO4)2 systems (A - bivalent elements)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ivanova, M.N.; Tsyrenova, G.D.; Bazarova, Zh.G.

    1993-01-01

    The Rb 2 MoO 4 -AMoO 4 -Zr(MoO 4 ) 2 systems, where A - bivalent elements, were investigated by solid phase reactions, x-ray and differntial thermal analysis methods. Formation of new ternary molybdates was determined. Phase relationships in the Rb 2 MoO 4 -MnMoO 4 -Zr(MoO 4 ) 2 system in subsolidus range (550 deg C) were studied using x-ray analysis data

  14. Induced polarization of Λ<mo>(>1116mn>)> in kaon electroproduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gabrielyan, M.; Raue, B. A.; Carman, D. S.; Park, K.; Adhikari, K. P.; Adikaram, D.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Avakian, H.; Ball, J.; Baltzell, N. A.; Battaglieri, M.; Baturin, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Biselli, A. S.; Bono, J.; Boiarinov, S.; Briscoe, W. J.; Brooks, W. K.; Burkert, V. D.; Cao, T.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Charles, G.; Colaneri, L.; Cole, P. L.; Contalbrigo, M.; Cortes, O.; Crede, V.; D' Angelo, A.; Dashyan, N.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Deur, A.; Djalali, C.; Doughty, D.; Dupre, R.; El Fassi, L.; Eugenio, P.; Fedotov, G.; Fegan, S.; Fleming, J. A.; Forest, T. A.; Garillon, B.; Gevorgyan, N.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Goetz, J. T.; Golovatch, E.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guidal, M.; Guo, L.; Hafidi, K.; Hakobyan, H.; Hattawy, M.; Hicks, K.; Ho, D.; Holtrop, M.; Hughes, S. M.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Jenkins, D.; Jiang, H.; Jo, H. S.; Joo, K.; Keller, D.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, W.; Klein, F. J.; Koirala, S.; Kubarovsky, V.; Kuhn, S. E.; Kuleshov, S. V.; Lenisa, P.; Levine, W. I.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; Mayer, M.; McKinnon, B.; Meyer, C. A.; Mestayer, M. D.; Mirazita, M.; Mokeev, V.; Moody, C. I.; Moutarde, H.; Movsisyan, A.; Munevar, E.; Munoz Camacho, C.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Niccolai, S.; Niculescu, G.; Osipenko, M.; Pappalardo, L. L.; Paremuzyan, R.; Pasyuk, E.; Peng, P.; Phelps, W.; Phillips, J. J.; Pisano, S.; Pogorelko, O.; Pozdniakov, S.; Price, J. W.; Procureur, S.; Protopopescu, D.; Rimal, D.; Ripani, M.; Rizzo, A.; Sabatié, F.; Salgado, C.; Schott, D.; Schumacher, R. A.; Simonyan, A.; Smith, G. D.; Sober, D. I.; Sokhan, D.; Stepanyan, S. S.; Stepanyan, S.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Strauch, S.; Sytnik, V.; Tang, W.; Ungaro, M.; Vlassov, A. V.; Voskanyan, H.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Watts, D. P.; Wei, X.; Weinstein, L. B.; Zachariou, N.; Zana, L.; Zhang, J.; Zonta, I.

    2014-09-01

    We have measured the induced polarization of the Λ(1116) in the reaction ep→e'K+Λ, detecting the scattered e' and K+ in the final state along with the proton from the decay Λ→pπ-.The present study used the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS), which allowed for a large kinematic acceptance in invariant energy W (1.6≤W≤2.7 GeV) and covered the full range of the kaon production angle at an average momentum transfer Q2=1.90 GeV2.In this experiment a 5.50 GeV electron beam was incident upon an unpolarized liquid-hydrogen target. We have mapped out the W and kaon production angle dependencies of the induced polarization and found striking differences from photoproduction data over most of the kinematic range studied. However, we also found that the induced polarization is essentially Q2 independent in our kinematic domain, suggesting that somewhere below the Q2 covered here there must be a strong Q2 dependence. Along with previously published photo- and electroproduction cross sections and polarization observables, these data are needed for the development of models, such as effective field theories, and as input to coupled-channel analyses that can provide evidence of previously unobserved s-channel resonances.

  15. First observation of the Λ<mo>(>1405mn>)> line shape in electroproduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, H. Y.; Schumacher, R. A.; Adhikari, K. P.; Adikaram, D.; Aghasyan, M.; Amaryan, M. J.; Pereira, S. Anefalos; Ball, J.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Biselli, A. S.; Boiarinov, S.; Briscoe, W. J.; Brooks, W. K.; Burkert, V. D.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Cole, P. L.; Collins, P.; Contalbrigo, M.; Cortes, O.; Crede, V.; D’Angelo, A.; Dashyan, N.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Deur, A.; Djalali, C.; Doughty, D.; Dupre, R.; Egiyan, H.; Alaoui, A. El; Fassi, L. El; Eugenio, P.; Fedotov, G.; Fegan, S.; Fleming, J. A.; Gabrielyan, M.; Gevorgyan, N.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Goetz, J. T.; Gohn, W.; Golovatch, E.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guidal, M.; Guo, L.; Hafidi, K.; Hakobyan, H.; Harrison, N.; Heddle, D.; Hicks, K.; Ho, D.; Holtrop, M.; Hyde, C. E.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Isupov, E. L.; Jo, H. S.; Joo, K.; Keller, D.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, W.; Klein, A.; Klein, F. J.; Koirala, S.; Kubarovsky, A.; Kubarovsky, V.; Kuleshov, S. V.; Lewis, S.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; Martinez, D.; Mayer, M.; McKinnon, B.; Meyer, C. A.; Mineeva, T.; Mirazita, M.; Mokeev, V.; Montgomery, R. A.; Moriya, K.; Moutarde, H.; Munevar, E.; Camacho, C. Munoz; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Nepali, C. S.; Niccolai, S.; Niculescu, G.; Niculescu, I.; Osipenko, M.; Ostrovidov, A. I.; Pappalardo, L. L.; Paremuzyan, R.; Park, K.; Park, S.; Pasyuk, E.; Peng, P.; Phelps, E.; Phillips, J. J.; Pisano, S.; Pogorelko, O.; Pozdniakov, S.; Price, J. W.; Procureur, S.; Prok, Y.; Protopopescu, D.; Puckett, A. J. R.; Raue, B. A.; Rimal, D.; Ripani, M.; Rosner, G.; Rossi, P.; Sabatié, F.; Saini, M. S.; Salgado, C.; Schott, D.; Seder, E.; Seraydaryan, H.; Sharabian, Y. G.; Smith, G. D.; Sober, D. I.; Sokhan, D.; Stepanyan, S. S.; Stoler, P.; Strauch, S.; Taiuti, M.; Tang, W.; Tian, Ye; Tkachenko, S.; Torayev, B.; Vernarsky, B.; Voskanyan, H.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Weygand, D. P.; Wood, M. H.; Zachariou, N.; Zana, L.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, Z. W.

    2013-10-01

    We report the first observation of the line shape of the Λ ( 1405 ) from electroproduction, and show that it is not a simple Breit-Wigner resonance. Electroproduction of K + Λ ( 1405 ) off the proton was studied by using data from CLAS at Jefferson Lab in the range 1.0 < Q 2 < 3.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The analysis utilized the decay channels Σ + π - of the Λ ( 1405 ) and p π 0 of the Σ + . Neither the standard Particle Data Group resonance parameters, nor free parameters fitting to a single Breit-Wigner resonance represent the line shape. In our fits, the line shape corresponds approximately to predictions of a two-pole meson-baryon picture of the Λ ( 1405 ) , with a lower mass pole near 1368 MeV/ c 2 and a higher mass pole near 1423 MeV/ c 2 . Furthermore, with increasing photon virtuality the mass distribution shifts toward the higher mass pole.

  16. Study of some Mg-based ferrites as humidity sensors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rezlescu, N; Rezlescu, E; Doroftei, C; Popa, P D

    2005-01-01

    The micostructure and humidity sensitivity of MgFe 2 O 4 + CaO, Mg 0.5 Cu 0.5 Fe 1.8 Ga 0.2 O 4 , Mg 0.5 Zn 0.5 Fe 2 O 4 + KCl and MgMn 0.2 Fe 1.8 O 4 ferrites were investigated. We have found that the humidity sensitivity largely depends on composition, crystallite size, surface area and porosity. The best results concerning humidity sensitivity were obtained for MgMn 0.2 Fe 1.8 O 4 ferrite

  17. Nanostructured Mo-based electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xianluo; Zhang, Wei; Liu, Xiaoxiao; Mei, Yueni; Huang, Yunhui

    2015-04-21

    The development of advanced energy storage devices is at the forefront of research geared towards a sustainable future. Nanostructured materials are advantageous in offering huge surface to volume ratios, favorable transport features, and attractive physicochemical properties. They have been extensively explored in various fields of energy storage and conversion. This review is focused largely on the recent progress in nanostructured Mo-based electrode materials including molybdenum oxides (MoO(x), 2 ≤ x ≤ 3), dichalconides (MoX2, X = S, Se), and oxysalts for rechargeable lithium/sodium-ion batteries, Mg batteries, and supercapacitors. Mo-based compounds including MoO2, MoO3, MoO(3-y) (0 energy storage systems because of their unique physicochemical properties, such as conductivity, mechanical and thermal stability, and cyclability. In this review, we aim to provide a systematic summary of the synthesis, modification, and electrochemical performance of nanostructured Mo-based compounds, as well as their energy storage applications in lithium/sodium-ion batteries, Mg batteries, and pseudocapacitors. The relationship between nanoarchitectures and electrochemical performances as well as the related charge-storage mechanism is discussed. Moreover, remarks on the challenges and perspectives of Mo-containing compounds for further development in electrochemical energy storage applications are proposed. This review sheds light on the sustainable development of advanced rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors with nanostructured Mo-based electrode materials.

  18. A Structural Molar Volume Model for Oxide Melts Part I: Li2O-Na2O-K2O-MgO-CaO-MnO-PbO-Al2O3-SiO2 Melts—Binary Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thibodeau, Eric; Gheribi, Aimen E.; Jung, In-Ho

    2016-04-01

    A structural molar volume model was developed to accurately reproduce the molar volume of molten oxides. As the non-linearity of molar volume is related to the change in structure of molten oxides, the silicate tetrahedral Q-species, calculated from the modified quasichemical model with an optimized thermodynamic database, were used as basic structural units in the present model. Experimental molar volume data for unary and binary melts in the Li2O-Na2O-K2O-MgO-CaO-MnO-PbO-Al2O3-SiO2 system were critically evaluated. The molar volumes of unary oxide components and binary Q-species, which are model parameters of the present structural model, were determined to accurately reproduce the experimental data across the entire binary composition in a wide range of temperatures. The non-linear behavior of molar volume and thermal expansivity of binary melt depending on SiO2 content are well reproduced by the present model.

  19. Electric-Field-Tunable Ferroelastic Control of Nonvolatile Resistivity and Ferromagnetic Switching in Multiferroic La0.67Ca0.33MnO3/[PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3] 0.7[PbTiO3]0.3 Heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Ming; Zheng, Ren-Kui

    2016-04-01

    The electric-field-modulated nonvolatile resistivity and magnetization switching in elastically coupled La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 films grown on (111)-oriented 0.7 Pb (Mg1 /3Nb2 /3)O3-0.3 PbTiO3 substrates is achieved through the ferroelastic effect. By taking advantage of the 180° ferroelectric and non-180° ferroelastic domain switching, we identify that such changes in order parameters stem from domain-switching-induced strain rather than accumulation or depletion of charge carriers at the interface. Specifically, the strong correlation between the ferroelastic strain and the magnetic field is manifested not only by the strain-tunable magnetoresistance effect but also by the magnetically manipulated strain effect, which is essentially driven by the electronic phase separation. These findings present a potential strategy for elucidating the essential physics of the ferroelastic-strain effect and delivering prototype devices for energy-efficient and nonvolatile information storage.

  20. Manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves as insertion electrodes for rechargeable Mg batteries

    KAUST Repository

    Rasul, Shahid; Suzuki, Shinya; Yamaguchi, Shu; Miyayama, Masaru

    2013-01-01

    Magnesium has been inserted electrochemically into manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves (OMS-5 MnO2) at room temperature. Discharge/charge profiles show that a large amount of Mg, i.e., 0.37 Mg/Mn can be inserted electrochemically using 1 M Mg(ClO4)2/AN electrolyte when OMS-5 is prepared in presence of acetylene black. X-ray diffraction analysis and discharge/charge profiles verify that a solid state solution reaction takes place upon Mg insertion into the host lattice with concurrent reduction of Mn4+ to Mn2+. However, upon each reduction of Mn by Mg insertion and resultant dissolution into electrolyte, decrease in the active compound occurs consequently. A low intrinsic electronic conductivity of OMS-5 was suggested to play a vital role in Mg insertion into the host. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  1. Manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves as insertion electrodes for rechargeable Mg batteries

    KAUST Repository

    Rasul, Shahid

    2013-11-01

    Magnesium has been inserted electrochemically into manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieves (OMS-5 MnO2) at room temperature. Discharge/charge profiles show that a large amount of Mg, i.e., 0.37 Mg/Mn can be inserted electrochemically using 1 M Mg(ClO4)2/AN electrolyte when OMS-5 is prepared in presence of acetylene black. X-ray diffraction analysis and discharge/charge profiles verify that a solid state solution reaction takes place upon Mg insertion into the host lattice with concurrent reduction of Mn4+ to Mn2+. However, upon each reduction of Mn by Mg insertion and resultant dissolution into electrolyte, decrease in the active compound occurs consequently. A low intrinsic electronic conductivity of OMS-5 was suggested to play a vital role in Mg insertion into the host. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  2. Isothermal sections of Eu(Ca, Zr, Ba)-Mn-Al ternary phase diagrams at 770 K

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manyako, N.B.; Yanson, T.I.; Zarechnyuk, O.S.

    1988-01-01

    Isothermal cross sections of Eu(Ca, Sr, Ba)-Mn-Al state diagrams at 770 K are plotted by means of X-ray structural analysis. EuMn 2.3-3.6 Al 9.7-8.4 (ThMn 12 structure type) and Eu 2 Mn 5 Al 12 (eigenstructure type) two compound are found within Eu-Mn-Al system. Existance of CaMn 0.16- 0 .32 Al 1.84-1.68 compound (MgNi 2 structure type) is proved and CaMn 3.2-2.1 Al 8.8-9.9 compound (ThMn 12 type partially ordered structure) is found within Ca-Mn-Al system. Ternary compounds are not formed within Sr(Ba)-Mn-Al systems. Regions of stratification, occurring within Eu(Ca, Sr, Ba)-Mn systems, penetrate in ternary system

  3. {3+}$ substituted MgCuMn ferrites synthesized by microwave ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. T RAMESH1 S R MURTHY2. Department of Physics, BVRIT Hyderabad College of Engineering for Women, Hyderabad 500 090, India; Department of Physics, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500 007, India ...

  4. Effect of unlabelled monoclonal antibody (MoAb) on biodistribution of /sup 111/Indium labelled (MoAb)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamki, L M; Murray, J L; Rosenblum, M G; Patt, Y Z; Babaian, Richard; Unger, M W

    1988-08-01

    We have evaluated immunoscintigraphy in cancer patients using four /sup 111/In-labelled murine monoclonal antibodies (MoAb): 96.5 (anti-P97 of melanoma), ZME-018 (anti-high molecular weight antibody of melanoma), ZCE-025 (anti-CEA for colon cancer) and PAY-276 (anti-prostatic acid phosphatase for prostatic cancer). The effect of increasing the doses of unlabelled MoAb (co-infused with 1 mg labelled MoAb) on the relative body distribution of each labelled MoAb was assessed. Localization in the liver decreased significantly in all cases, with increasing MoAb dose, except for ZME-018. Localization in other organs increased significantly as the liver activity decreased. The spleen activity, however, fell in the case of MoAb ZME-018. Blood-pool activity increased with MoAb dose in all four MoAbs. These findings correlated with the rise in the detection rate of metastases, the plasma half-life, and other pharmacokinetic parameters. However, the dose level at which this correlation occurred varied with each antibody. These data demonstrate the co-infusion of unlabelled MoAb with /sup 111/In-labelled MoAb could alter the organ distribution, pharmacokinetics and tumour uptake in a favourable manner, though the degree to which this occurs depends on the antibody in question.

  5. Electrochemical hydrogen storage alloys and batteries fabricated from Mg containing base alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovshinsky, Stanford R.; Fetcenko, Michael A.

    1996-01-01

    An electrochemical hydrogen storage material comprising: (Base Alloy).sub.a M.sub.b where, Base Alloy is an alloy of Mg and Ni in a ratio of from about 1:2 to about 2:1, preferably 1:1; M represents at least one modifier element chosen from the group consisting of Co, Mn, Al, Fe, Cu, Mo, W, Cr, V, Ti, Zr, Sn, Th, Si, Zn, Li, Cd, Na, Pb, La, Mm, and Ca; b is greater than 0.5, preferably 2.5, atomic percent and less than 30 atomic percent; and a+b=100 atomic percent. Preferably, the at least one modifier is chosen from the group consisting of Co, Mn, Al, Fe, and Cu and the total mass of the at least one modifier element is less than 25 atomic percent of the final composition. Most preferably, the total mass of said at least one modifier element is less than 20 atomic percent of the final composition.

  6. Neutron activation of 21 elements by means of the Mg+d reaction (Esub(d) 22 Mev)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zatolokin, B.V.; Krasnov, N.N.; Konstantinov, I.O.; Bolotskikh, V.I.

    1981-01-01

    For the first time the activation of 21 elements (Mn, Al, Ti, V, Cr, Mg, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ag, Cd, Sn, Sb, Ta, W and Pb) by neutrons produced as a result of magnesium target irradiation by deuterons at 22 MeV energy is investigated. The reduced exposure dose rates of point samples of 1 g mass at 1 cm distance from a source are presented. The data on variation in time of exposure dose rates of 1 g mass samples irradiated during 100 hours are indicated. In the framework of a two-group approximation the neutron spectrum is estimated by the results of measurement of two threshold detector activity. It is shown that for the first hours after irradiation Mn, Mg, Al, W, Cu and Ta have the highest exposure dose rates, Cr, Pb, Cd and Sn - the lowest. In four days after irradiation Sb, Ta, Co, Ag and Ti have the highest dose rates, Pb, Fe, Cu and Cr - the lowest. The data obtained can be used in constructing separate accelerator units and in fast neutron activation analysis [ru

  7. Decay of 99Mo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dickens, J.K.; Love, T.A.

    1976-01-01

    Relative intensities for K x-rays and gamma rays emanating from 99 Mo in equilibrium with its 99 Tc* daughter have been measured using several Ge photon detectors. Combining these intensities with an evaluated set of electron-conversion coefficients has provided a set of absolute intensities for the observed gamma rays. The absolute intensity for the dominant 140.5-keV gamma ray in 99 Tc was determined to be 90.7 +- 0.6/100 99 Mo disintegrations for 99 Mo decay in equilibrium with decay of the 99 Tc* daughter

  8. The effects of minor alloy modifications and heat treatment on the microstructure and creep rupture behavior of 2.25Cr-1Mo Steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Todd, J.A.; Chung, D.W.; Parker, E.R.

    1983-01-01

    The effects of alloy additions on the microstructure of simulated cooled and tempered 2.25Cr-1Mo steels have been studied using transmission electron microscopy. Carbide precipitation sequences have been identified in the modification 3Cr-1Mo-1Mn-1Ni and compared to those in 2.25Cr-1Mo steels modified with Mn and Ni and also with Ti, V and B. The influence of minor compositional changes on the creep rupture behavior of 2.25Cr-1Mo steel has been studied at 500 C, 560 C, and 600 C. The most significant effect of alloy modifications on creep properties resulted from additions of Mn and Cr. Preliminary studies show that 1% Mn and 0.5Mn + 1Ni + 0.75Cr additions significantly reduce creep strength at all three temperatures for tests up to 2000 hours duration. The 3Cr-1Mo-1Mn-1Ni steel showed improvements in rupture ductility at all temperatures when compared with the base 2.25Cr-1Mo steel and the manganese-nickel modifications. Plots of the Larson-Miller parameter for both these modifications lay within the scatter band for commercial 2.25Cr-1Mo steels

  9. Structural Series in the Ternary A-Mn-As System (A = Alkali Metal): Double-Layer-Type CsMn4As3 and RbMn4As3 and Tunnel-Type KMn4As3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishida, Junichi; Iimura, Soshi; Hosono, Hideo

    2018-04-16

    New manganese arsenides CsMn 4 As 3 , RbMn 4 As 3 , and KMn 4 As 3 were synthesized by solid-state reaction. They consist of edge-sharing MnAs 4 tetrahedra, which are a building block similar to those of Fe-based superconductors. CsMn 4 As 3 and RbMn 4 As 3 adopt the KCu 4 S 3 -type structure (tetragonal P4/ mmm space group, No. 123) with a Mn 4 As 3 double layer, while KMn 4 As 3 has the CaFe 4 As 3 -type structure (orthorhombic Pnma space group, No. 62) with a Mn 4 As 3 tunnel framework. The structural change from CsMn 4 As 3 and RbMn 4 As 3 to KMn 4 As 3 as well as the structural trend of the other ternary A-Mn-As (A = alkali metal) and AE-Mn-As (AE = alkaline-earth metal) compounds is understood as a consequence of reduction of the coordination number around the A and AE sites owing to the decrease of the ionic radius from Cs + to Mg 2+ . Electrical resistivity measurements confirm that the three new phases are Mott insulators with band gaps of 0.52 (CsMn 4 As 3 ), 0.43 (RbMn 4 As 3 ), and 0.31 eV (KMn 4 As 3 ). Magnetic and heat capacity measurements revealed that CsMn 4 As 3 and RbMn 4 As 3 are antiferromagnets without apparent phase transitions below 400 K, which is similar to the magnetism of LaMnAsO and BaMn 2 As 2 , while the existence of the ferromagnetic component was indicated in KMn 4 As 3 with a magnetic transition at 179 K.

  10. Sintering temperature and impedance analysis of Mn{sub 0.9}Co{sub 1.2}Ni{sub 0.27}Mg{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.03}Fe{sub 0.45}O{sub 4} NTC ceramic prepared by W/O microemulsion method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xia, Junbo [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhao, Qing, E-mail: zhaoq@ms.xjb.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); Gao, Bo [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); Chang, Aimin, E-mail: changam@ms.xjb.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); Zhang, Bo; Zhao, Pengjun; Ma, Renjun [Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices under Special Environments, CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2014-12-25

    Highlights: • The ceramics are mainly in spinel phase and cubic cobalt oxide phase. • A perfect sintering temperature of 1450 °C for the Mn–Co–Ni–Mg–Al–Fe–O was proposed. • The NTC characteristic of the ceramics derive from grain boundary resistance R{sub gb}. - Abstract: The Mn{sub 0.9}Co{sub 1.2}Ni{sub 0.27}Mg{sub 0.5}Al{sub 0.03}Fe{sub 0.45}O{sub 4} negative temperature coefficient (NTC) ceramics derived from nano-particles were sintered at 1380 °C, 1450 °C and 1560 °C, respectively. X-ray diffraction (XRD) result showed that the ceramics sintered at 1380 °C and 1450 °C were mainly in the cubic spinel structure except for a little of tetragonal spinel, and that sintered at 1560 °C was consisted of cubic spinel and cubic cobalt oxide phase. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image indicated that the grain size of the ceramic increased sharply when the sintering temperature increased from 1380 °C to 1450 °C, and it changed little when the temperature further increased to 1560 °C, while the porosity was enlarged seriously. Thus a perfect sintering temperature of 1450 °C was proposed. Impedance analysis revealed that the grain resistance R{sub g} showed positive temperature coefficient thermistor characteristic, while the grain boundary resistance R{sub gb} possessed negative temperature coefficient characteristic. Because the grain boundary resistance R{sub gb} was two orders of magnitude larger than the grain resistance R{sub g}, the material thus showed negative temperature coefficient thermistor characteristic.

  11. The influence of the iron content on the reductive decomposition of A{sub 3−x}Fe{sub x}Al{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 12} garnets (A = Mg, Mn; 0.47 ≤ x ≤ 2.85)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aparicio, Claudia, E-mail: claudia.aparicio@upol.cz; Filip, Jan, E-mail: claudia.aparicio@upol.cz; Mashlan, Miroslav, E-mail: claudia.aparicio@upol.cz; Zboril, Radek, E-mail: claudia.aparicio@upol.cz [Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Departments of Experimental Physics and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, 17. listopadu 1192/12, 77146 Olomouc (Czech Republic)

    2014-10-27

    Thermally-induced reductive decomposition of natural iron-bearing garnets of the almandine-pyrope and almandine-spessartine series were studied at temperatures up to 1200 °C (heating rate of 10 °C/min) under atmosphere of forming gas (10% of H{sub 2} in N{sub 2}). Crystallochemical formula of the studied garnet was calculated as {sup VIII}(A{sub 3−x}Fe{sub x}{sup 2+}){sup VI}(Al,Fe{sup 3+}){sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 12}, where the amount of Fe{sup 3+} in the octahedral sites is negligible with the exception of pyrope, A = Mg, Mn, and 0.47 ≤ x ≤ 2.85. The observed decomposition temperature, determined from differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetry, is greater than 1000 °C in all cases and showed almost linear dependence on the iron content in the dodecahedral sites of the studied garnets, with the exception of garnet with a near-pyrope composition (Prp{sub 80}Alm{sub 20}). The initial garnet samples and decomposition products were characterized in details by means of X-ray powder diffraction and {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. We found that all studied garnets have common decomposition products such as metallic iron (in general, rounded particles below 4 μm) and Fe-spinel; the other identified decomposition products depend on starting chemical composition of the garnet: Fe-cordierite, olivine (fayalite or tephroite), cristobalite, pyroxene (enstatite or pigeonite), and anorthite. Anorthite and pigeonite were only present in garnets with Ca in the dodecahedral site. All the identified phases were usually well crystallized.

  12. Mössbauer spectroscopic studies of Al{sup 3+} ions substitution effects in superparamagnetic Mg{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 0.3}Al{sub y}Fe{sub 2−y}O{sub 4} compositions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verma, Satish, E-mail: satishapurva@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Govt. P.G. College, Solan (India); Chand, Jagdish; Singh, M. [Department of Physics, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer-Hill, Shimla, 171005 (India)

    2016-09-15

    Nanoparticles of Al{sup 3+} ions substituted Mg−Mn−Ni materials with compositions Mg{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 0.3}Al{sub y}Fe{sub 2−y}O{sub 4} (y = 0.15–0.25) were synthesized by citrate precursor technique. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer and room temperature {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. Saturation magnetization decreases with increasing Al{sup 3+} ions concentration because replacement of Fe{sup 3+} ions by Al{sup 3+} ions at octahedral B-site weaken sublattice interaction and lowers magnetic moments. Mössbauer spectral studies show that as-prepared nano-sized samples are superparamagnetic at room temperature. Superparamagnetic relaxation was observed for small crystallite in samples with higher Al content, which is attributed to weakening of A–B exchange interaction. Mössbauer spectra at 300 K show a gradual collapse of magnetic hyperfine splitting typical for superparamagnetic relaxation. An increase in inversion parameter is observed with increasing Al{sup 3+} ions substitution, which is attributed to decrease in crystallite size. - Highlights: • Single phase nanocrystalline samples were synthesized by citrate precursor method. • Particle size decreases as non-magnetic Al{sup 3+} ions concentration increase. • Presence of doublet in Mössbauer spectra was due to superparamagnetic relaxation. • Study shows collapse of long range magnetic order and quenching of magnetic moment.

  13. Natural and anthropogenic processes that concentrate Mn in rural and urban environments of the lower Mississippi River Delta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mielke, H.W.; Gonzales, C.R.; Powell, E.; Shah, A.; Mielke, P.W.

    2002-01-01

    This study evaluated natural processes and projected ethyl cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl fuel additives as sources of Mn accumulation in the environment. Data sets include fresh alluvium and sediments from the lower Mississippi River Delta and a soil metal survey of metropolitan New Orleans. The (1) railroad Mn, (2) industrial Mn, and (3) dynamic aquifer-stream transfer of Mn hypotheses were tested with the Mississippi River Delta data. Friction between Mn-rich steel wheels and rails contributes Mn (P=0.017) to the environment, supporting (1). Sediment loads of Mn were similar (P=0.77) upstream and downstream from the Louisiana industrial corridor, not supporting (2). The median Mn on the alluvium surface (59 mg/kg), in the aquifer (159 mg/kg), and in the riverbank aquifer discharge zone (513 mg/kg) support (3) as a mechanism for Mn enrichment of lay. The New Orleans soil metal survey data set shows a rural to urban increase of fourfold for Mn and three orders of magnitude for Pb. At 1999 .S. highway fuel use, 8.3 mg of Mn per L would yield 5000 metric tons of Mn annually. If 13% of Mn were emitted, 650 tons of Mn would become aerosols annually, while 87% or 4350 tons would remain in engines. The 1999 toxic release inventory for Mn shows 370 tons as total emissions compared to the potential of 390 and 260 tons from vehicles, respectively, in urban and rural areas. A precautionary lesson from the use of Pb as a fuel additive is that the use of Mn as a fuel additive would be associated with an increased risk or neonates exceeding the estimated total tolerable daily intake of .1-16.5μg Mn (especially in urban inner city environments) because neonates lack fully functional hepatic clearance for Mn

  14. Geochemistry of the Nsuta Mn deposit in Ghana: Implications for the Paleoproterozoic atmosphere and ocean chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goto, K. T.; Ito, T.; Suzuki, K.; Kashiwabara, T.; Takaya, Y.; Shimoda, G.; Nozaki, T.; Kiyokawa, S.; Tetteh, G. M.; Nyame, F. K.

    2013-12-01

    Oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans has influenced the evolution of ocean chemistry and diversification of early life. A number of large manganese (Mn) deposits are distributed in the Paleoproterozoic sedimentary successions that were formed during the great oxidation event (GOE) around 2.4-2.2 Ga (Meynard, 2010). Due to the high redox potential of Mn, occurrences of Mn deposits have been regarded as important evidence for a highly oxidized environment during the Paleoproterozoic (Kirschvink et al., 2000). Furthermore, because Mn oxides strongly adsorb various elements, including bioessential elements such as Mo, formation of large Mn deposits may have affected the seawater chemical composition and ecology during the Paleoproterozoic. However, the genesis of each Mn deposit is poorly constrained, and the relationships among the formation of Mn deposits, the evolution of atmospheric and ocean chemistry, and the diversification of early life are still ambiguous. In this study, we report the Re-Os isotope compositions, rare earth element (REE) compositions, and abundance of manganophile elements in the Mn carbonate ore and host sedimentary rock samples collected from the Nsuta Mn deposit of the Birimian Supergroup, Ghana. The Nsuta deposit is one of the largest Paleoproterozoic Mn deposits, although its genesis remains controversial (Melcher et al., 1995; Mucke et al., 1999). The composite Re-Os isochron age (2149 × 130 Ma) of the Mn carbonate and sedimentary rock samples was consistent with the depositional age of the sedimentary rocks (~2.2 Ga) presumed from the U-Pb zircon age of volcanic rocks (Hirdes and Davis, 1998), suggesting that the timing of Mn ore deposition was almost equivalent to the host rock sedimentation. The PAAS-normalized REE pattern showed a positive Eu anomaly in all samples and a positive Ce anomaly only in the Mn carbonate ore. These REE patterns indicate the possible contribution of Eu-enriched fluids derived from hydrothermal activity

  15. MoEDAL expands

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2011-01-01

    The MoEDAL collaboration deployed a test array of 18 plastic Nuclear Track Etch Detector (NTD) stacks – covering an area of 1 m2 – in the MoEDAL/VELO cavern at Point 8 of the LHC ring in November 2009. This small array was supplemented by a further 110 stacks this past January. The MoEDAL test array, which now covers an area of 8 m2, will reveal its secrets early in 2013. The full MoEDAL detector will be installed in the next long shutdown of the LHC in 2013.   View of the MoEDAL detectors installed at Point 8 of the LHC ring in January 2011. MoEDAL (Monopole and Exotics Detector At the LHC), the seventh LHC experiment, was approved by the CERN Research Board at the end of 2009. Its goal is to search for very specific exotics such as highly ionising massive stable (or pseudo-stable) particles with conventional electrical charge and magnetic monopoles. “The main LHC experiments are designed to detect conventionally charged particles, with conventional ionisation patte...

  16. Li-adsorption on doped Mo2C monolayer: A novel electrode material for Li-ion batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Veenu; Tankeshwar, K.; Saini, Hardev S.

    2018-04-01

    A first principle calculation has been used to study the electronic and magnetic properties of pristine and N/Mn-doped Mo2C with and without Li-adsorption. The pseudopotential method implemented in SIESTA code based on density functional theory with generalized gradient approximation (GGA) as exchange-correlation (XC) potential has been employed. Our calculated results revealed that the Li gets favorably adsorbed on the hexagonal centre in pristine Mo2C and at the top of C-atom in case of N/Mn-doped Mo2C. The doping of Mn and N atom increases the adsorption of Li in Mo2C monolayer which may results in enhancement of storage capacity in Li-ion batteries. The metallic nature of Li-adsorbed pristine and N/Mn-doped Mo2C monolayer implies a good electronic conduction which is crucial for anode materials for its applications in rechargeable batteries. Also, the open circuit voltage for single Li-adsorption in doped Mo2C monolayer comes in the range of 0.4-1.0 eV which is the optimal range for any material to be used as an anode material. Our result emphasized the enhanced performance of doped Mo2C as an anode material in Li-ion batteries.

  17. Spin-Orbit Coupling Controlled J<mo>=>3mn> stretchy='false'>/mo>>2mn> Electronic Ground State in <mn>5mn>d>3mn> Oxides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, A. E.; Calder, S.; Morrow, R.; Feng, H. L.; Upton, M. H.; Lumsden, M. D.; Yamaura, K.; Woodward, P. M.; Christianson, A. D.

    2017-05-01

    Entanglement of spin and orbital degrees of freedom drives the formation of novel quantum and topological physical states. Here we report resonant inelastic x-ray scattering measurements of the transition metal oxides Ca3LiOsO6 and Ba2YOsO6, which reveals a dramatic spitting of the t2g manifold. We invoke an intermediate coupling approach that incorporates both spin-orbit coupling and electron-electron interactions on an even footing and reveal that the ground state of 5d3-based compounds, which has remained elusive in previously applied models, is a novel spin-orbit entangled J=3/2 electronic ground state. This work reveals the hidden diversity of spin-orbit controlled ground states in 5d systems and introduces a new arena in the search for spin-orbit controlled phases of matter.

  18. Suppression of superconductivity in Nb by IrMn in IrMn/Nb bilayers

    KAUST Repository

    Wu, B. L.

    2013-10-10

    Effect of antiferromagnet on superconductivity has been investigated in IrMn/Nb bilayers. Significant suppression of both transition temperature (Tc) and lower critical field (Hc1) of Nb is found in IrMn/Nb bilayers as compared to a single layer Nb of same thickness; the suppression effect is even stronger than that of a ferromagnet in NiFe/Nb bilayers. The addition of an insulating MgO layer at the IrMn-Nb interface nearly restores Tc to that of the single layer Nb, but Hc1 still remains suppressed. These results suggest that, in addition to proximity effect and magnetic impurity scattering, magnetostatic interaction also plays a role in suppressing superconductivity of Nb in IrMn/Nb bilayers. In addition to reduced Tc and Hc1, the IrMn layer also induces broadening in the transition temperature of Nb, which can be accounted for by a finite distribution of stray field from IrMn.

  19. 99Mo production by 100Mo(n,2n)99Mo using accelerator neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sato, Nozomi; Kawabata, Masako; Nagai, Yasuki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji; Kin, Tadahiro; Konno, Chikara; Ochiai, Kentaro; Takakura, Kosuke; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Hashimoto, Shintaro

    2013-01-01

    We proposed a new route to produce a medical radioisotope 99 Mo by the 100 Mo(n,2n) 99 Mo reaction using accelerator neutrons. A high-quality 99 Mo with a minimum level of radioactive waste can be obtained by the proposed reaction. The decay product of 99 Mo, 99m Tc, is separated from 99 Mo by the sublimation method. The proposed route could bring a major breakthrough in the solution of ensuring a constant and reliable supply of 99 Mo. (author)

  20. Sorption of {sup 99}MoO{sub 4}{sup 2-} ions on commercial hydrotalcites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serrano, J.; Gonzalez, H.; Lopez, H.; Aranda, N.; Granados, F.; Bulbulian, S. [Delegacion Miguel Hidalgo, Mexico (Mexico). Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares

    2005-07-01

    {sup 99}MoO{sub 4}{sup 2-} sorption behavior on 3 commercial hydrotalcites, produced by Sasol Chemie, was studied through batch experiments. Only one of them showed high sorption capacity. This product, the MG70 was identified by XRD diffraction analysis as hydrotalcite (Mg{sub 6}Al{sub 2}(OH){sub 16}CO{sub 3} x 4H{sub 2}O), while the other two, MG50 and MG30, were identified mainly as magnesium aluminum hydroxide hydrate, MgAl{sub 2}(OH){sub 14} x 3H{sub 2}O. Calcined MG70 (CMG70) was used to retain about 298.17{+-}8.3 mg of {sup 99}Mo-MoO{sub 4}{sup 2-} (MG70-{sup 99}MoO{sub 4}). When this material was packed in a glass column, the generated {sup 99m}Tc was eluted by using NaCl or HNO{sub 3} aqueous solutions. Saline solutions eluted {sup 99m}Tc with considerable amounts of {sup 99}Mo while 0.1 M HNO{sub 3} eluted {sup 99m}Tc together with a such small amount of {sup 99}Mo that the {sup 99}Mo {mu}Ci/{sup 99m}Tc mCi ratios are close to the value recommended by the American Pharmacopeia. (orig.)

  1. Evaluation of Some (n,n'), (n,γ), (n,p), (n,2n) and (n,3n) Reaction Excitation Functions for Fission and Fusion Reactor Dosimetry Applications; Evaluation of the Excitation Functions for the 54Fe(n,p)54Mn, 58Ni(n,2n)57Ni, 67Zn(n,p)67Cu, 92Mo(n,p)92mNb, 93Nb(n,γ)94Nb, 113In(n,n')113mIn, 115In(n,γ) 116mIn, and 169Tm(n,3n)167Tm Reactions. Progress Report on Research Contract No 16242

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zolotarev, K.I.; Zolotarev, P.K.

    2013-12-01

    Cross section data for the 54 Fe(n,p) 54 Mn, 58 Ni(n,2n) 57 Ni, 67 Zn(n,p) 67 Cu, 92 Mo(n,p) 92m Nb, 93 Nb(n,γ) 94 Nb, 113 In(n,n') 113m In, 115 In(n,γ) 116m In, 169 Tm(n,3n) 167 Tm reactions are needed to solve a wide spectrum of scientific and technical tasks. Activation detectors based on these reactions may be used in the field of reactor dosimetry. Furthermore, the 54 Fe(n,p) 54 Mn reaction is often used in experimental nuclear physics as a monitor reaction for measurements of unknown cross sections by means of the activation method over the neutron energy range from 5 to 15 MeV. The 93 Nb(n,γ) 94 Nb reaction is also very promising for using in retrospective neutron dosimetry for determination of total neutron fluence during a campaign of a reactor. In the existing version of the International Reactor Dosimetry File and the new extended version named as IRDFF data for excitation functions of 67 Zn(n,p) 67 Cu, 92 Mo(n,p) 92m Nb, 113 In(n,n') 113m In, and 169 Tm(n,3n) 167 Tm reactions are absent. Data for these reactions are also absent in the JENDL/D-99 dosimetry file. Excitation functions of 67 Zn(n,p) 67 Cu and 169 Tm(n,3n) 167 Tm are presented in the TENDL-2012, EAF-2010, JENDL-4.0, JEFF-3.1/A, MENDL-2 libraries. Cross section data for the 67 Zn(n,p) 67 Cu reaction up to 20 MeV are given also in the JENDL/HE-2007 library. Excitation functions of the 92 Mo(n,p) 92m Nb and 113 In(n,n') 113m In reactions are evaluated in the EAF-2010 and JEFF-3.1/A libraries. Cross section data for the 113 In(n,n') 113m In reaction are given also in the TENDL-2010 library. It is necessary to note that neutron data in the JEFF-3.1/A and JENDL-4.0 libraries were evaluated up to 20 MeV. Neutron data in the TENDL-2012, EAF-2010, MENDL-2 and TENDL-2010 libraries had been evaluated up to 30 MeV, 60 MeV, 100 MeV and 200 MeV, respectively. Neutron cross sections in the MENDL-2, TENDL-2010 and TENDL-2012 libraries had been obtained on the basis of pure theoretical model calculations

  2. Low Temperature Mechanical Properties of Scandium-Modified Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloys

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Senkov, O

    2002-01-01

    Tensile properties of three wrought alloys, (1) Al-10Zn-3Mg-1.2Cu-0.15Zr, (2) Al-10Zn-3Mg-1.2Cu-0.15Zr-0.39Mn-0.49Sc, and (3) Al-12Zn-3Mg-1.2Cu-0.15Zr-0.39Mn-0.49Sc were studied in T6 and T7 conditions at 298K and 77K...

  3. Crystal structures of KM(AsF{sub 6}){sub 3} (M{sup 2+} = Mg, Co, Mn, Zn), KCu(SbF{sub 6}){sub 3} and [Co(HF){sub 2}]Sr[Sr(HF)]{sub 2}-[Sr(HF){sub 2}]{sub 2}[AsF{sub 6}]{sub 12}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mazej, Zoran; Goreshnik, Evgeny [Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovakia). Dept. of Inorganic Chemisrty and Technology

    2015-05-01

    The KM(AsF{sub 6}){sub 3} (M{sup 2+} = Mg, Co, Mn, Zn) and KCu(SbF{sub 6}){sub 3} compounds crystallize isotypically to previously known KNi(AsF{sub 6}){sub 3}. The main features of the structure of these compounds are rings of MF{sub 6} octahedra sharing apexes with AsF{sub 6} octahedra connected into infinite tri-dimensional frameworks. In this arrangement cavities are formed where K{sup +} cations are placed. Single crystals of CoSr{sub 5}(AsF{sub 6}){sub 12}.8HF were obtained as one of the products after the crystallization of 3KF/CoF{sub 2}/SrF{sub 2} mixture in the presence of AsF{sub 5} in anhydrous HF. The CoSr{sub 5}(AsF{sub 6}){sub 12}.8HF is monoclinic, C/2c (No.15), with a = 26.773(5) Aa, b = 10.087(2) Aa, c = 21.141(5) Aa, β = 93.296(13) {sup circle}, V = 5699.9(19) Aa{sup 3} at 200 K, and Z = 4. There are three crystallographically non-equivalent Sr{sup 2+} cations in the crystal structure of CoSr{sub 5}(AsF{sub 6}){sub 12}.8HF. The Sr1 is coordinated by ten fluorine atoms from eight different [AsF{sub 6}]- anions, meanwhile Sr2 and Sr3 are bound to nine fluorine atoms provided by one HF and eight AsF{sub 6} units or by two HF and six AsF{sub 6} units, respectively. The Co{sup 2+} is coordinated distorted-octahedrally by six fluorine atoms from two HF molecules and four different AsF{sub 6} units. All those moieties in the crystal structure of [Co(HF){sub 2}]Sr[Sr(HF)]{sub 2}[Sr(HF){sub 2}]{sub 2}[AsF{sub 6}]{sub 12} are connected into tridimensional framework. The CoSr{sub 5}(AsF{sub 6}){sub 12}.8HF is a unique example of compound where HF molecules are directly bound via fluorine atoms to two different metal centres.

  4. Crystal structures of KM(AsF6)3 (M2+ = Mg, Co, Mn, Zn), KCu(SbF6)3 and [Co(HF)2]Sr[Sr(HF)]2-[Sr(HF)2]2[AsF6]12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mazej, Zoran; Goreshnik, Evgeny

    2015-01-01

    The KM(AsF 6 ) 3 (M 2+ = Mg, Co, Mn, Zn) and KCu(SbF 6 ) 3 compounds crystallize isotypically to previously known KNi(AsF 6 ) 3 . The main features of the structure of these compounds are rings of MF 6 octahedra sharing apexes with AsF 6 octahedra connected into infinite tri-dimensional frameworks. In this arrangement cavities are formed where K + cations are placed. Single crystals of CoSr 5 (AsF 6 ) 12 .8HF were obtained as one of the products after the crystallization of 3KF/CoF 2 /SrF 2 mixture in the presence of AsF 5 in anhydrous HF. The CoSr 5 (AsF 6 ) 12 .8HF is monoclinic, C/2c (No.15), with a = 26.773(5) Aa, b = 10.087(2) Aa, c = 21.141(5) Aa, β = 93.296(13) circle , V = 5699.9(19) Aa 3 at 200 K, and Z = 4. There are three crystallographically non-equivalent Sr 2+ cations in the crystal structure of CoSr 5 (AsF 6 ) 12 .8HF. The Sr1 is coordinated by ten fluorine atoms from eight different [AsF 6 ]- anions, meanwhile Sr2 and Sr3 are bound to nine fluorine atoms provided by one HF and eight AsF 6 units or by two HF and six AsF 6 units, respectively. The Co 2+ is coordinated distorted-octahedrally by six fluorine atoms from two HF molecules and four different AsF 6 units. All those moieties in the crystal structure of [Co(HF) 2 ]Sr[Sr(HF)] 2 [Sr(HF) 2 ] 2 [AsF 6 ] 12 are connected into tridimensional framework. The CoSr 5 (AsF 6 ) 12 .8HF is a unique example of compound where HF molecules are directly bound via fluorine atoms to two different metal centres.

  5. Microchemistry of neutron irradiated 12%CrMoVNb martensitic steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Little, E.A.; Morgan, T.S.; Faulkner, R.G.

    1992-01-01

    Non-equilibrium solute segregation has been studied in a 12%CrMoVNb martensitic steel following fast reactor irradiation at 465 C and correlated with the development of M 6 X η-phase. Cr, Ni, Si, Mo, P and Mn are all shown to exhibit positive segregation to lath boundaries and are subsequently incorporated into M 6 X precipitates. The co-segregation of a combination of these elements which include P and Si, and possibly Cr or Mo, appears to promote M 6 X formation

  6. The effect of Mn substitution on the structure and magnetic properties of Se(Cu sub 1 sub - sub x Mn sub x)O sub 3 solid solution

    CERN Document Server

    Escamilla, R; Rosales, M I; Moran, E C; Alario-Franco, M A

    2003-01-01

    The effects of Mn substitution on the structure and magnetic properties of the SeMO sub 3 (M = Cu sub 1 sub - sub x Mn sub x) solid solution have been studied. Rietveld refinements of the x-ray diffraction patterns of these samples indicate that the manganese ions occupy copper sites. This replacement induces significant changes in the M-O bond lengths that give rise to abrupt decreases of the [M-O sub 6] octahedral distortion. In contrast, the M-O(1)-M and M-O(2)-M bond angles remain essentially constant. The magnetic behaviour of this solid solution was studied in the temperature range of 2 K < T < 300 K. The temperature dependence of the inverse magnetic susceptibility is well described by the Curie-Weiss law at high temperatures, in the composition range studied. We found that the substitution of Mn for Cu induces a sharp drop in the saturation moment of SeCuO sub 3. At about 10% of Mn there is a change from positive to negative Weiss constant theta sub W that is mainly due to the [M-O sub 6] octahe...

  7. Effects of dietary manganese contents on 54Mn metabolism in mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sato, I.; Matsusaka, N.; Kobayashi, H.; Nishimura, Y.

    1996-01-01

    Several parameters of 54 Mn metabolism were noted in mice maintained on diets with manganese contents of 80 to 8000 mg/kg. Excretion of 54 Mn was promoted as the dietary manganese contents increased. Clearance of 54 Mn from the liver, kidneys, pancreas, and spleen was markedly accelerated by feeding mice a high-manganese diet, but clearance from the muscles, femurs, and brain was relatively insensitive to the dietary manganese. Manganese concentrations in the tissue were regulated homoestatically upto the dietary manganese content of 2400 mg/kg, but marked accumulations of manganese occurred when mice were given 8000 mg/kg diet. No toxic symptoms were found up to the 2400 mg/kg diet, but consumption of the 8000 mg/kg diet was less than for other diets. These results suggest that an oral intake of excess manganese is effective for promoting the excretion of 54 Mn from a body contaminated with this isotope. (author)

  8. Microstructure, mechanical property, corrosion behavior, and in vitro biocompatibility of Zr-Mo alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, F Y; Wang, B L; Qiu, K J; Li, L; Lin, J P; Li, H F; Zheng, Y F

    2013-02-01

    In this study, the microstructure, mechanical properties, corrosion behaviors, and in vitro biocompatibility of Zr-Mo alloys as a function of Mo content after solution treatment were systemically investigated to assess their potential use in biomedical application. The experimental results indicated that Zr-1Mo alloy mainly consisted of an acicular structure of α' phase, while ω phase formed in Zr-3Mo alloy. In Zr-5Mo alloy, retained β phase and a small amount of precipitated α phase were observed. Only the retained β phase was obtained in Zr-10Mo alloy. Zr-1Mo alloy exhibited the greatest hardness, bending strength, and modulus among all experimental Zr-Mo alloys, while β phase Zr-10Mo alloy had a low modulus. The results of electrochemical corrosion indicated that adding Mo into Zr improved its corrosion resistance which resulted in increasing the thermodynamic stability and passivity of zirconium. The cytotoxicity test suggested that the extracts of the studied Zr-Mo alloys produced no significant deleterious effect to fibroblast cells (L-929) and osteoblast cells (MG 63), indicating an excellent in vitro biocompatibility. Based on these facts, certain Zr-Mo alloys potentially suitable for different biomedical applications were proposed. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Energy levels of 56Mn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Assche, P. H. M.; Baader, H. A.; Koch, H. R.

    1971-01-01

    The low-energy spectrum of the 55Mn(n,γ)56 Mn reaction has been studied with a γ-diffraction spectrometer. These data allowed the construction of a level scheme for 56Mn with two previously unobserved doublets. High-energy γ-transitions to the low-energy states have been measured for different...

  10. Determination of the compositeness of resonances from decays: The case of the Bs<mn>0mn> stretchy='false'>→mo>J stretchy='false'>/mo>ψf>1mn> stretchy='false'>(mo>>1285mn> stretchy='false'>)mo>

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molina, R.; Döring, M.; Oset, E.

    2016-06-01

    We develop a method to measure the amount of compositeness of a resonance, mostly made as a bound state of two hadrons, by simultaneously measuring the rate of production of the resonance and the mass distribution of the two hadrons close to threshold. By using different methods of analysis we conclude that the method allows one to extract the value of 1-Z with about $0.1$ of uncertainty. The method is applied to the case of the $\\bar B^0_s \\to J/\\psi f_1(1285)$ decay, by looking at the resonance production and the mass distribution of $K \\bar K^*$.

  11. The study of major, trace and rare earth elements geochemistry in Shahrestanak Mn deposit, south of Qom: Implications for genesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Maanijou

    2015-04-01

    hydrothermal processes. It seems that hydrogenous processes have not had significant role on the genesis of the Shahrestanak Mn deposit. During deposition of Fe and Mn from hydrothermal solution, they separated from each other and produced different Fe/Mn ratios in sedimentary exhalative deposit (SEDEX. The Fe/Mn ratios are 5.7 to 40.35 (ave., 11.33. Very high and very low ratios of Fe/Mn can be interpreted as fractionation and separation of these two elements from transportation during hydrothermal activities and mineralization. So, high Fe/Mn ratios here can be considered as in submarine hydrothermal deposits. Cann et al. (Cann et al., 1977 suggested that Fe/Mn ratios in volcano-sedimentary and hydrothermal deposits are so variable and characteristic. Hydrothermal deposits are in close relationships with ferruginous silica gel which itself formed from submarine hydrothermal outpouring and discharging of metals in marine sediments. So, Si wt. % versus Al wt. % is high in exhalative activities. The average Si/Al ratio is 4.86 in the Shahrestanak deposit which is in the range of hydrothermal deposits (SEDEX. Nicholson (Nicholson, 1992 suggested Na versus Mg content diagram for distinction between fresh water, shallow and deep marine environments. Bonatti et al. (Bonatti et al., 1992 introduced Fe-Mn-(Co+Cu+Ni*10 ternary diagram for distinction between marine sedimentary and hydrothermal Fe-Mn deposit. According to this diagram, hydrothermal oxides depleted in Ni, Cu, Co and zinc relative to sedimentary-marine deposits. Nicholson (Nicholson, 1992 suggested that hydrothermal Mn deposit distinguished with Zn, V, Mo, Cd, Li, Sr, Sb, Pb, Cu, Ba, and As and sedimentary deposit with enrichment in Ni, Cu, Co, Sr, Mg, Ca, Na and K. Hydrogenetic ferromanganese deposit has higher enrichment of Ni, Cu and Co relative to hydrothermal (exhalative deposit. Low contents of Cu, Co and Ni indicate low input of these elements from hydrothermal activities and derivation of Zn from hydrothermal

  12. Application of Mn/MCM-41 as an adsorbent to remove methyl blue from aqueous solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Yimin; Wang, Xi; Kang, Yuan; Shu, Yuehong; Sun, Qiangqiang; Li, Laisheng

    2014-09-01

    In this study, the application of Mn loaded MCM-41 (Mn/MCM-41) was reported as a novel adsorbent for methyl blue (MB) from aqueous solution. The mesoporous structure of Mn/MCM-41 was confirmed by XRD technique. Surface area, pore size and wall thickness were calculated from BET equation and BJH method using nitrogen sorption technique. FT-IR studies showed that Mn were loaded on the hexagonal mesoporous structures of MCM-41. It is found that the MCM-41 structure retained after loading of Mn but its surface area and pore diameter decreased due to pore blockage. Adsorption of MB from aqueous solution was investigated by Mn/MCM-41 with changing Mn content, adsorbent dosage, initial MB concentration, contact time, pH and the temperature. Under the chosen condition (25°C, 0.02 g adsorbent dosage, 6.32 pH, 50 mg L(-1) MB, 1 wt.% Mn), a high MB adsorption capacity (45.38 mg g(-1)) was achieved by Mn/MCM-41 process at 120 min, 8.6 times higher than MCM-41. The electrostatic interaction was considered to be the main mechanism for the dye adsorption. The experimental data fitted well to Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherms. The adsorption of MB on Mn/MCM-41 followed pseudo-second-order kinetics. Thermodynamic parameters suggested that the adsorption process is endothermic and spontaneous. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Single d-metal atoms on F(s) and F(s+) defects of MgO(001): a theoretical study across the periodic table.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neyman, Konstantin M; Inntam, Chan; Matveev, Alexei V; Nasluzov, Vladimir A; Rösch, Notker

    2005-08-24

    Single d-metal atoms on oxygen defects F(s) and F(s+) of the MgO(001) surface were studied theoretically. We employed an accurate density functional method combined with cluster models, embedded in an elastic polarizable environment, and we applied two gradient-corrected exchange-correlation functionals. In this way, we quantified how 17 metal atoms from groups 6-11 of the periodic table (Cu, Ag, Au; Ni, Pd, Pt; Co, Rh, Ir; Fe, Ru, Os; Mn, Re; and Cr, Mo, W) interact with terrace sites of MgO. We found bonding with F(s) and F(s+) defects to be in general stronger than that with O2- sites, except for Mn-, Re-, and Fe/F(s) complexes. In M/F(s) systems, electron density is accumulated on the metal center in a notable fashion. The binding energy on both kinds of O defects increases from 3d- to 4d- to 5d-atoms of a given group, at variance with the binding energy trend established earlier for the M/O2- complexes, 4d period, group 7 atoms are slightly destabilized compared to their group 6 congeners in both the F(s) and F(s+) complexes; for later transition elements, the binding energy increases gradually up to group 10 and finally decreases again in group 11, most strongly on the F(s) site. This trend is governed by the negative charge on the adsorbed atoms. We discuss implications for an experimental detection of metal atoms on oxide supports based on computed core-level energies.

  14. E<mn>5mn> decay from the Jπ<mo>=>11mn>/>2mn>-> isomer in Ba<mn>137mn>

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moran, K.; McCutchan, E. A.; Lister, C. J.; Zhu, S.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chowdhury, P.; Greene, J. P.; Lauritsen, T.; Merchan, E.; Shearman, R.

    2014-10-01

    A new gamma-decay branch has been found from the well-known 661.659(3)-keV J(pi) = 11/2(-), T-1/2 = 2.552(1) min isomer in Ba-137 which is populated in the beta decay of Cs-137. The new 377.9(3)-keV gamma ray connects the isomer to the low-lying 283.5 keV, J(pi) = 1/2(-) state. It is of near-pure E5 character. The decay has a gamma branching ratio (Br-gamma = Gamma(gamma)/Gamma(tot)) of 1.12(9) x 10(-7). The new decay has a B(E5) of 0.71(6) W.u. [ B(E5) down arrow= 6.5(6) x 10(5) e(2) fm(10)], a value consistent with other "single-particle" E5 decays in the region. The new decay branch is of topical interest, as it competes with the much-sought "two-photon" second-order electromagnetic decay from this state.

  15. Prediction of two-dimensional diluted magnetic semiconductors: Doped monolayer MoS2 systems

    KAUST Repository

    Cheng, Yingchun

    2013-03-05

    Using first-principles calculations, we propose a two-dimensional diluted magnetic semiconductor: monolayer MoS2 doped by transition metals. Doping of transition metal atoms from the IIIB to VIB groups results in nonmagnetic states, since the number of valence electrons is smaller or equal to that of Mo. Doping of atoms from the VIIB to IIB groups becomes energetically less and less favorable. Magnetism is observed for Mn, Fe, Co, Zn, Cd, and Hg doping, while for the other dopants from these groups it is suppressed by Jahn-Teller distortions. Analysis of the binding energies and magnetic properties indicates that (Mo,X)S2 (X=Mn, Fe, Co, and Zn) are promising systems to explore two-dimensional diluted magnetic semiconductors.

  16. RoMo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Esben Warming; Hornbæk, Kasper

    2011-01-01

    In TUIs, physical/digital conflicts can occur when the digital model does not match the model implied by the spatial lay- out of tangibles. We show how tangible tabletop interfaces (TTI) can be modified to allow robot movement of tangi- bles, thereby avoiding conflicts. We present RoMo, an open...... source Java library that allow existing TTI applications to perform robot movement, and demonstrate its functionality with three applications....

  17. Low-activation Mn-Cr austenitic stainless steel with further reduced content of long-lived radioactive elements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Onozuka, M.; Saida, T.; Hirai, S. [Mitsubishi Heavy Ind. Ltd., Yokohama (Japan); Kusuhashi, M.; Sato, I.; Hatakeyama, T. [The Japan Steel Works Ltd., Chatsu-machi 4, Muroran 051-8505 (Japan)

    1998-06-01

    Low-activation austenitic stainless steel based on Mn-Cr non-magnetic steels has been developed. The alloying elements of long-life activation, such as Ni, Mo and Co, were eliminated and substituted with Mn along with an addition of N. A Mn-Cr austenitic stainless steel, 24.5Mn-13.5Cr-0.02C-0.2N, has been developed successfully. Examined material properties, including mechanical, thermal and magnetic properties, as well as weldability and characteristics of corrosion resistance, are presented. It was found that the alloy has excellent material properties virtually equivalent to those of 316SS. In this study, the applicability of the Schaeffler, DeLong and Hull constitution diagrams for the stainless steels with low Ni and high Mn contents was also examined. The boundary conditions distinguishing the single austenite phase from the others have been identified for the Mn-Cr steels. (orig.) 22 refs.

  18. Low-activation Mn Cr austenitic stainless steel with further reduced content of long-lived radioactive elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onozuka, Masanori; Saida, Tomikane; Hirai, Shouzou; Kusuhashi, Mikio; Sato, Ikuo; Hatakeyama, Tsuyoshi

    1998-06-01

    Low-activation austenitic stainless steel based on Mn-Cr non-magnetic steels has been developed. The alloying elements of long-life activation, such as Ni, Mo and Co, were eliminated and substituted with Mn along with an addition of N. A Mn-Cr austenitic stainless steel, 24.5Mn-13.5Cr-0.02C-0.2N, has been developed successfully. Examined material properties, including mechanical, thermal and magnetic properties, as well as weldability and characteristics of corrosion resistance, are presented. It was found that the alloy has excellent material properties virtually equivalent to those of 316SS. In this study, the applicability of the Schaeffler, DeLong and Hull constitution diagrams for the stainless steels with low Ni and high Mn contents was also examined. The boundary conditions distinguishing the single austenite phase from the others have been identified for the Mn-Cr steels.

  19. Electronic and magnetic properties of 3d-metal trioxides superhalogen cluster-doped monolayer MoS2: A first-principles study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Dan; Niu, Yuan; Zhao, Hongmin; Liang, Chunjun; He, Zhiqun

    2014-01-01

    Utilizing first-principle calculations, the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of monolayer MoS 2 doped with 3d transition-metal (TM) atoms and 3d-metal trioxides (TMO 3 ) superhalogen clusters are investigated. 3d-metal TMO 3 superhalogen cluster-doped monolayers MoS 2 almost have negative formation energies except CoO 3 and NiO 3 doped monolayer MoS 2 , which are much lower than those of 3d TM-doped structures. 3d-metal TMO 3 superhalogen clusters are more easily embedded in monolayer MoS 2 than 3d-metal atoms. MnO 3 , FeO 3 , CoO 3 , and NiO 3 incorporated into monolayer MoS 2 are magnetic, and the total magnetic moments are approximately 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 μB per supercell, respectively. MnO 3 and FeO 3 incorporated into monolayer MoS 2 become semiconductors, whereas CoO 3 and NiO 3 incorporated into monolayer MoS 2 become half-metallic. Our studies demonstrate that the half-metallic ferromagnetic nature of 3d-metal TMO 3 superhalogen clusters-doped monolayer MoS 2 has a great potential for MoS 2 -based spintronic device applications. -- Highlights: •TMO 3 superhalogen clusters incorporated into monolayer MoS 2 were investigated. •TMO 3 doped structures have much lower formation energies than TM doped structures. •TMO 3 cluster-doped MoS 2 are thermodynamically favored. •Significant charge transfers between O atoms and Mo atoms in TMO 3 doped structures. •MnO 3 , FeO 3 , CoO 3 , and NiO 3 incorporated into monolayer MoS 2 are magnetic.

  20. Cyclic Oxidation of High Mo, Reduced Density Superalloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James L. Smialek

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Cyclic oxidation was characterized as part of a statistically designed, 12-alloy compositional study of 2nd generation single crystal superalloys as part of a broader study to co-optimize density, creep strength, and cyclic oxidation. The primary modification was a replacement of 5 wt. % W by 7% or 12% Mo for density reductions of 2%–7%. Compositions at two levels of Mo, Cr, Co, and Re were produced, along with a midpoint composition. Initially, polycrystalline vacuum induction samples were screened in 1100 °C cyclic furnace tests using 1 h cycles for 200 h. The behavior was primarily delimited by Cr content, producing final weight changes of −40 mg/cm2 to −10 mg/cm2 for 0% Cr alloys and −2 mg/cm2 to +1 mg/cm2 for 5% Cr alloys. Accordingly, a multiple linear regression fit yielded an equation showing a strong positive Cr effect and lesser negative effects of Co and Mo. The results for 5% Cr alloys compare well to −1 mg/cm2, and +0.5 mg/cm2 for Rene′ N4 and Rene′ N5 (or Rene′ N6, respectively. Scale phases commonly identified were Al2O3, NiAl2O4, NiTa2O6, and NiO, with (Ni,CoMoO4 found only on the least resistant alloys having 0% Cr and 12% Mo. Scale microstructures were complex and reflected variations in the regional spallation history. Large faceted NiO grains and fine NiTa2O6 particles distributed along NiAl2O4 grain boundaries were typical distinctive features. NiMoO4 formation, decomposition, and volatility occurred for a few high Mo compositions. A creep, density, phase stability, and oxidation balanced 5% Cr, 10% Co, 7% Mo, and 3% Re alloy was selected to be taken forward for more extensive evaluations in single crystal form.

  1. The effect of Mn substitution on the structure and magnetic properties of Se(Cu1-xMnx)O3 solid solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Escamilla, R; Duran, A; Rosales, M I; Moran, E; Alario-Franco, M A

    2003-01-01

    The effects of Mn substitution on the structure and magnetic properties of the SeMO 3 (M = Cu 1-x Mn x ) solid solution have been studied. Rietveld refinements of the x-ray diffraction patterns of these samples indicate that the manganese ions occupy copper sites. This replacement induces significant changes in the M-O bond lengths that give rise to abrupt decreases of the [M-O 6 ] octahedral distortion. In contrast, the M-O(1)-M and M-O(2)-M bond angles remain essentially constant. The magnetic behaviour of this solid solution was studied in the temperature range of 2 K 3 . At about 10% of Mn there is a change from positive to negative Weiss constant θ W that is mainly due to the [M-O 6 ] octahedral distortion introduced by the substitution of the larger Mn ions in the structure. The M- H isotherms show a weak ferromagnetism at about 52 K in SeMnO 3

  2. Diffusion barrier performances of thin Mo, Mo-N and Mo/Mo-N films between Cu and Si

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Song Shuangxi; Liu Yuzhang; Mao Dali; Ling Huiqin; Li Ming

    2005-01-01

    In this work, we have studied the diffusion barrier performances of Mo, Mo-N and Mo/Mo-N metallization layers deposited by sputtering Mo in Ar/N 2 atmospheres, respectively. Samples were subsequently annealed at different temperatures ranging from 400 to 800 deg C in vacuum condition. The film properties and their suitability as diffusion barriers and protective coatings in silicon devices were characterized using four-point probe measurement, X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy analyses. Experimental results revealed that the Mo (20 nm)/Mo-N (30 nm) layer was able to prevent the diffusion reaction betw