Muradyan, R.M.; AN Armyanskoj SSR, Byurakan. Astrofizicheskaya Observatoriya)
The expressions relating the parameters of the Metagalaxy with the fundamental constants of elementary particle physics are considered. Two well-known cosmological relations of Dirac and Stewart are derived. A new expression for the possible angular momentum of the Metagalaxy is obtained through the fundamenal constants
The well known ''cosmological coincidences'' of Stewart and Dirac relating fundamental constants of micro- and megaphysics are discussed. It is shown that the relations can be derived on the basis of the hypothesis on possible rotation of Metagalaxy. A new relation for the angular momentum of Metagalaxy is obtained
Full Text Available The article is devoted to the changes that have occurred over the last year in the author’s cos- mological picture of the world. As before, the author starts from the hypothesis of fractal Universe. From this follows that since the density of such a Universe is equal to zero, Universe, as a whole, can- not either expand or contract. In the previous works the author did not realize that in the framework of the accepted hypothesis (of the fractal Universe the processes of contraction of metagalaxies (and other cosmic macro-systems cannot prevail over the processes of their expansion and the other way around in. And therefore, the Universe, as a whole, cannot evolve. The evolution (in the “progres- sive” direction could occur only in metagalaxies taken separately on the stage of their expansion. At the stage of contraction, the results of local evolutions, including advanced forms of life, are always destroyed. As a consequence, any form of life arising in metagalaxies is unavoidably local, both — in time and space. Wherever any form of life has appeared, it is doomed to destruction in the process of contraction of metagalaxies. Locality of hotbeds of life in the fractal Universe is aggravated by impossibility for residents of different metagalaxies to contact, because the distances between them are much larger than the metagalaxy sizes (all fractals are arranged in such a way. So a signal propagates between nearest metagalaxies during the time that is much larger than the duration of their gravitational cycles of expansion and contraction.
Избрехт А. Р.
Full Text Available It is observed the spherical model of the Metagalaxy (Metagalaxy here is the observed part of the Universe with the observer in the center of the sphere. Using the General Relativity Theory, it is studied with mathematical methods the possibility to explain the cosmological redshift of distant galaxies with the influence of gravitational field of the sphere’s matter and relativistic Doppler’s effect for lightwaves. It is motivated the statement that the father away the center of sphere is the more the observed redshift of galaxies’ spectra is. Based on the calculations of the matter density of the sphere and the main cosmological relation of lg (cz and m, the correspondence of the observed model to studies is shown. It is explained the vicinity of the observed matter density in Metagalaxy to critical value, calculated according to the Expanding Universe Theory. Based on the spherical model of Metagalaxy, it is proposed the hypothesis of quasars nature explanation.
Джахая Л. Г.
Full Text Available Metagalaxy in finite spatial and temporal boundaries is qualitatively certain material formation, a single, coherent financial system in the boundless expanse of the universe. Material substrate is Metagalaxy metagalactic vacuum as a real physical environment and the arena of action of all material processes in the Metagalaxy. In Metagalaxy there are two types of interactions: gravity and electromagnetism are two excited states Metagalactic vacuum, all the other interactions ("weak", "strong" are the consequence of these two fundamental interactions. Inertial motion of the real weight in a vacuum explains the paradox of d'Alembert-Euler, and gravity - "rolling up" in the "potential well" real masses and "black holes". The main feature of the metagalactic vacuum is its unequal optical density. In addition to the local optical inhomogeneities with the index of refraction greater than unity (n>1, the giant optical inhomogeneity is all metagalactic vacuum, with a maximum optical density (nmax in the center of Metagalaxy, c (n =1 "here" and "now" ("Time of Life " and then to (n <1 on the periphery of the Metagalaxy and s (n = 0 at its edge. At the heart of the author's cosmological model is based on two laws: the creation of pairs of particles and antiparticles in strong gravitational fields of rotating "cosmological black holes" and the Magnus effect. It's enough to born neutron-antineutrons páry, they scatter in opposite directions, and neutrons, according to the Magnus effect, go into outer space, and be absorbed antineutrons "black hole", all the remaining particles are obtained in the beta decay of a neutron into a proton, an electron and antineutrinos and is ready hydrogen. This calibration will gather around the "cosmological black hole" isotopes of hydrogen atoms (75% and helium (25%, which will form protogalaxies - on the principle of "one cosmological black hole - one protogalaxy" with a primary hydrogen-helium cloud, it is ejected from
Хайтун С. Д.
Full Text Available Cosmology studies the Universe as a whole, while only the interior of a sphere with radius of about 13.7 billion light years is available for our observation. Therefore, cosmology is overloaded by too strong (fantastic hypotheses, which, however, are often considered by cosmologists as statements "strictly proven by science”. The purpose of the article is to simplify the cosmological picture of the world following the principle of economy of thought in order to discard fantastic assumptions. To do this, we employ only one hypothesis that can not be called fantastic: the Universe is fractal. From this follows a chain of consequences: (1 the Universe is infinite; (2 its mass density is equal to zero; (3 only our Metagalaxy, having survived the Big Bang, is expanding, not the Universe; (4 our Metagalaxy is a black hole; (5 the process of Metagalaxy’s unfolding started some time ago; (6 the acceleration of cosmic expansion can be explained without the conception of dark energy with its quite fantastic properties; (7 if the Earth is not the center of our Metagalaxy, it is possible to observe spherical asymmetry of acceleration of the cosmic expansion.
Full Text Available According to the experimental analysis conducted by P.-M. Robitaille, the 2.7 K mi- crowave background, first detected by Penzias and Wilson, is not of cosmic origin, but originates from the Earth, and is generated by oceanic water. In examining this problem two fields must be considered: (1 the Earth Microwave Background, the EMB, present with the 2.7 K monopole and 3.35 mK dipole components; (2 the weak Intergalactic Microwave Background, the IMB, which is connected to the entire Metagalaxy. This conclusion meets our theoretical considerations. First, the field density of the EMB, being inversely proportional to the field volume, should decrease with the cube of the distance from the Earth’s surface, while its dipole anisotropy, which is due to the motion of the entire field in common with the Earth, is independent from altitude. Therefore, the EMB monopole should not be found at the 2nd Lagrange point (1.5 mln km from the Earth, while the dipole anisotropy should remain the same as near the Earth. Sec- ond, according to General Relativity, the motion through the IMB in a referred direction manifests the three-dimensional rotation of the entire space of the Metagalaxy.
Aharonyan, F.A.; Vardanyan, V.V.
The electron-photon shower production in the field of the microwave background radiation (MBR) is considered. The absolute flux of ultrahigh-energy cascade gamma-rays (E>or approx.5X10 19 eV), resulting from the Π-meson photoproduction in the field of the MBR is obtained
Bulyzhenkov Igor E.
Full Text Available Non-empty space reading of Maxwell equations as local energy identities explains why a Coulomb field is carried rigidly by electrons in experiments. The analytical solution of the Poisson equation defines the sharp radial shape of charged elementary densities which are proportional to continuous densities of electric self-energy. Both Coulomb field and radial charge densities are free from energy divergences. Non-empty space of electrically charged mass-energy can be described by complex analytical densities resulting in real values for volume mass integrals and in imaginary values for volume charge integrals. Imaginary electric charges in the Newton gravitational law comply with real Coulomb forces. Unification of forces through complex charges rids them of radiation self-acceleration. Strong gravitational fields repeal probe bodies that might explainthe accelerated expansion of the dense Metagalaxy. Outward and inward spherical waves form the standing wave process within the radial carrier of complex energy.
It is shown that Mach's principle and the general principle of relativity are logical consequences of a 'materialistic postulate' and that general relativity implies the validity of Mach's principle for a static (or quasistatic) homogeneous and isotropic universe, spatially self-enclosed. The finite velocity of propagation of gravitational field does not imply a retardation of inertial forces due to the distant masses and therefore does not exclude the validity of Mach's principle. Similarly, the experimentally verified isotropy of inertia is compatible with this principle. The recent observational evidence of very high isotropy of the actual universe proves that the 'anti-Machian' Godel world model must be rejected as a nonphysical one. This suggests the possibility of a renaissance of Einstein's first cosmological model by considering-in the spirit of an older idea of Herbert Dingle-a superlarge-scale quasistatic universe consisting of an unknown number of statistically oscillating regions similar to our own, momentarily expanding, metagalaxy. (author)
This paper gives some complementary aspects on the problems of the matter-antimatter metagalaxy model and its cellular structure, as being proposed by Klein and Alfven. A previously outlined one-dimensional model of a magnetized matter-antimatter boundary layer is updated and extended, by introducing amended nuclear annihilation data, and by making improved approximations of the layer structure and its dependence on relevant parameters. The critical beta value obtained from this model leads to critical plasma densities which are not high enough to become reconcilable with a cellular matter-antimatter structure within the volume of a galaxy. Additional investigations are required on the questions whether the obtained beta limit would still apply to cells of the size of a galaxy, and whether large modification of this limit could result from further refinement of the theory and from the transition to a three-dimensional model. Attention is called to the wide area of further research on ambiplasma physics, and on a three-dimensional cell structure with associated problems of equilibrium and stability. In particular, the high-energy ambiplasma component has to be further analysed in terms of kinetic theory, on account of the large Larmor radii of the corresponding electrons and positrons
In the first place I have reviewed the true foundation of Einstein's theory of general relativity, the so-called principle of equivalence, according to which there is no essential difference between "genuine" gravitation and inertial forces, well known from accelerated vehicles. By means of a comparison with Gaussian geometry of curved surfaces-the background of Riemannian geometry, the tool used by Einstein for the mathematical formulation of his theory-it is made clear that this principle is incompatible with the idea proposed by Mach and accepted by Einstein as an incitement to his attempt to describe the main situation in the universe as an analogy in three dimensions to the closed surface of a sphere. In the later attempts toward a mathematical description of the universe, where Einstein's cosmology was adapted to the discovery by Hubble that its observed part is expanding, the socalled cosmological postulate has been used as a kind of axiomatic background which, when analyzed, makes it probable that this expansion is shared by a very big, but still bounded system. This implies that our expanding metagalaxy is probably just one of a type of stellar objects in different phases of evolution, some expanding and some contracting. Some attempts toward the description of this evolution are sketched in the article with the hope that further investigation, theoretical and observational, may lead to an interesting advance in this part of astrophysics.
Long GRBs observed in the very wide energy band. It is possible to separate two subsets of GRBs with high energy component (E > 500 MeV) presence. First type events energy spectra in low and high energy intervals are similar (as for GRB 021008) and described by Band, power law or broken power law models look like to usual bursts without emission in tens MeV region. For example, Band spectrum of GRB080916C covering 6 orders of magnitude. Second ones contain new additional high energy spectral component (for example, GRB 050525B and GRB 090902B). Both types of GRBs observed since CGRO mission beginning. The low energy precursors existence are typical for all types bursts. Both types of bursts temporal profiles can be similar in the various energy regions during some events or different in other cases. The absence of hard to soft evolution in low energy band and (or) presence of high energy precursors for some events are the special features of second class of GRBs by the results of preliminary data analysis and this facts gives opportunities to suppose differences between these two GRBs subsets sources. Also the results of long GRB redshifts distribution analysis have shown its shape contradiction to uniform population objects one for our Metagalaxy to both total and various redshifts definition methods GRBs sources samples. These evidences allow making preliminary conclusion about non-uniformity of long GRBs sources population.
There now seems to be strong evidence for a non-cosmological interpretation of the QSO redshift - in any case, so strong that it is of interest to investigate the consequences. The purpose of this paper is to construct a model of the Hubble expansion which is as far as possible from the conventional Big Bang model without coming in conflict with any well-established observational results (while introducing no new laws of physics). This leads to an essentially Euclidean metagalactic model (see Table I) with very little mass outside one-third or half of the Hubble radius. The total kinetic energy of the Hubble expansion need only to be about 5% of the rest mass energy. Present observations support backwards in time extrapolation of the Hubble expansion to a 'minimum size galaxy' Rsub(m), which may have any value in 0 26 cm. Other arguments speak in favor of a size close to the upper value, say Rsub(m) = 10 26 cm (Table II). As this size is probably about 100 times the Schwarzschild limit, an essentially Euclidean description is allowed. The kinetic energy of the Hubble expansion may derive from an intense QSO-like activity in the minimum size metagalaxy, with an energy release corresponding to the annihilation of a few solar masses per galaxy per year. Some of the conclusions based on the Big Bang hypothesis are criticized and in several cases alternative interpretations are suggested. A comparison between the Euclidean and the conventional models is given in Table III. (orig.)