WorldWideScience

Sample records for metadiafsaarsete murdude ravi

  1. HIV ravi võtab peagi sadu miljoneid / Kadri Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    HIV-positiivsete ravikulud on Eestis hüppeliselt kasvamas, kuna aastate eest nakatunud inimesed hakkavad nüüd vajama tõsist ravi. Lisaks diagrammid: Eestis levib HIV maailmas pea kõige kiiremini ; 2006. aastal nakatunud soo ja vanuse järgi

  2. HIV ravi võtab peagi sadu miljoneid / Kadri Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    HIV-positiivsete ravikulud on Eestis hüppeliselt kasvamas, kuna aastate eest nakatunud inimesed hakkavad nüüd vajama tõsist ravi. Lisaks diagrammid: Eestis levib HIV maailmas pea kõige kiiremini ; 2006. aastal nakatunud soo ja vanuse järgi

  3. Ravi Sundaram, Pirate Modernity: Delhi’s Media Urbanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diya Mehra

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The field of urban studies is a growing one as Indian cities transform beyond recognition. In his book Pirate Modernity: Delhi’s Media Urbanism, Ravi Sundaram tries to capture this transformation, using a theoretical lens little explored in existing literature. To wit, Sundaram is interested in ‘the evaporation of the boundary between technology and urban life’ which has produced ‘a delirious disorientation of the senses’ (p. 7. The examples of such evaporation and of a newly technologized u...

  4. Recent advances in Progeny testing program for Nili Ravi buffalo in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    A. Ghaffar; M.A Khan

    2010-01-01

    Progeny testing program was started in Nili-Ravi buffalo at Livestock Production and Research Institute (LPRI), Bahadurnagar, Okara in 1979-80. Initially buffalo bulls used at Livestock Experiment Station (LES) Qadirabad and Rakh Gulaman during 1964-78 were evaluated. Five out of ten at Rakh Gulaman and 10 out of 22 at Qadirabad bulls were positive. As none of these bulls were available, therefore, sons and grandsons of these bulls were selected for production of future candidate bulls. All t...

  5. NUTRITIVE VALUE OF JUMBO GRASS (SORGHUM BICOLOUR SORGHUM SUDANEFE SILAGE IN LACTATING NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A. TAUQIR, M. SARWAR1, M. A. JABBAR2 AND S. MAHMOOD

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to evaluate the feeding value of Jambo grass (Sorghum bicolour Sorghum sudanefe silage as a replacement of conventional fodder (Jambo grass; JG in the diet of lactating Nili Ravi buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis. Jumbo grass was ensiled with molasses (at 2% of fodder DM on large scale in bunker silos for 30 days. Two experimental iso-nitrogenous and iso-energetic diets were formulated with 75:25% of forage to concentrate ratio on DM basis that contained 75% of JG fodder or silage and 25% concentrate. Twenty early lactating Nili-Ravi buffaloes were divided into two equal groups and fed experimental diets for 60 days at ad libitum. First 10 days were given for adaptation to new diets and the rest 50 days for sample collection. Daily feed intake and milk yield were recorded for each animal. Milk samples were analyzed for crude protein (CP, fat, solids not fat, total solids and non-protein nitrogen. During last week of the study, a digestibility trial was conducted. The acid insoluble ash was used as digestibility marker. Intakes of dry matter (DMI, CP, neutral detergent fiber (NDF and acid detergent fiber (ADF were higher in animals fed control diet than those fed Jambo grass silage (JGS diet. A significant difference among experimental diets for DMI may be due to the presence of fermentation products in ensiled material that might have depressed the intake in silage based diets. The apparent DM, CP, NDF and ADF digestibilities were non-significantly different between both experimental diets, showing a trivial loss of nutrients during silage making. Milk yield (4% FCM and its composition did not show any treatment effect. The present results indicated that JG ensiled with 2% molasses for 30 days could safely replace the conventional fresh Jumbo grass fodder in the diet of lactating Nili Ravi buffaloes without affecting their milk yield.

  6. EFFECT OF SUPEROVULATION ON MILK YIELD IN THE NILI-RAVI BUFFALO (BUBALUS BUBALIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Ullah and M. Anwar

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This study determined the effect of superovulatory treatment on milk yield of buffaloes. Eleven lactating buffaloes of the Nili-Ravi breed were treated with follicle stimulating hormone for superovulation. Milk yield of these buffaloes was recorded for 15 days before and 15 days after superovulation. Milk yield of another 11 untreated buffaloes of similar lactation, during the same days, was also recorded and compared with that of treated buffaloes. This comparison showed no difference between the milk yield of treated and untreated animals. It was concluded that there was no ill effect of superovulation on milk yield in buffaloes.

  7. Assessment of Heavy Metals in the Fish Collected from the River Ravi, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghazala Jabeen*, Muhammad Javed and Hamda Azmat

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The toxicity of heavy metals viz. aluminium (Al, arsenic (As, barium (Ba, chromium (Cr, nickel (Ni and zinc (Zn in fish at three main public fishing sites of the river Ravi viz. Shahdara bridge, Baloki headworks and Sidhnai barrage has been studied from June, 2009 to May, 2010. The concentrations of heavy metals in the body organs (gills, liver, kidney, intestine, reproductive organs, skin, muscle, fins, scales, bones, fats of three fish species viz. Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhina mrigala were determined. The present results reveal that the toxicity of metals fluctuated significantly in fish at all the three sampling stations with season. The fish samples collected from all the three sampling stations had significantly higher aluminium and zinc. However, the fish at Sidhnai barrage showed significantly lower metallic toxicity, followed by that at Baloki headworks and Shahdara bridge. Significantly higher metals were observed in fish liver, followed by that of kidney, gills, intestine, reproductive organs, skin, scales, fins, bones, muscle and fats. The accumulation of metals in carnivorous fish body organs showed significantly direct dependence on the metallic toxicity of herbivorous cyprinids. Fish liver and kidney showed significantly higher abilities for the accumulation of all metals while accumulations were lowest in fish muscle and fats. The health status of river Ravi at three main public fishing sites viz. Shahdara bridge, Baloki headworks and Sidhnai barrage, with respect to eco-toxicity of Al, As, Ba, Cr, Ni and Zn was above the recommended permissible standards.

  8. Relationship of prepartum udder and teat measurements with subsequent milk production traits in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Chandrasekar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study was conducted to find out the relationship of prepartum udder and teat measurements with subsequent milk production traits in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Materials and Methods: A total of 12 Nili-Ravi buffalo heifers were selected from Buffalo Farm, Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Regional Station- Bir Dosanjh, Nabha, Patiala, Punjab. The udder length (UL, udder width (UW, udder depth, teat length (TL, teat diameter (TD, and teat distances were measured at fortnightly interval from 60 days prepartum until calving. After calving, 60 days total milk yield (TDMY, peak yield (PY, and days taken to attain PY (DPY were also recorded. The correlation coefficients of various prepartum udder and teat measurements since 60 days prepartum to calving with 60 days TDMY, PY, and DPY were calculated to find out the relationship between the traits in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Results: The result envisaged that all udder and teat measurements were increased gradually toward the date of calving in primiparous buffaloes. The UL, UW, left fore (LF and right rear (RRTL, RRTD, and the distance between LF to left rear (LR teat were positively correlated with 60 days TDMY. The UL and UW depicted positive but nonsignificant correlation with PY. Fore TLs showed positive correlation where as TDs and teat distances had a negative correlation with the DPY in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Conclusion: It was concluded that milk production performance could be assessed on the basis of prepartum udder and teat measurements in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes.

  9. Effect of oxytocin on serum biochemistry, liver enzymes, and metabolic hormones in lactating Nili Ravi buffaloes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Zafar; ur Rahman, Zia; Muhammad, Faqir; Akhtar, Masood; Awais, Mian Muhammad; Khaliq, Tanweer; Nasir, Amar; Nadeem, Muhammad; Khan, Kinza; Arshad, Hafiz Muhammad; Basit, Muhammad Abdul

    2015-01-01

    Studies reporting the effects of oxytocin on the health of lactating animals are lacking and still no such data is available on Nili Ravi buffalo, the most prominent Asian buffalo breed. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of oxytocin on physiological and metabolic parameters of lactating Nili Ravi buffaloes. Healthy lactating buffaloes (n = 40) of recent calving were selected from a commercial dairy farm situated in the peri-urban area of district Faisalabad, Pakistan. These buffaloes were randomly allocated to two equal groups viz experimental and control, comprising 20 animals each. Twice-a-day (morning and evening) milking practice was followed. The experimental and control buffaloes were administered subcutaneously with 3 mL of oxytocin (10 IU/mL) and normal saline respectively, prior to each milking. Serum biochemical profile including glucose, total cholesterol (tChol), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), total proteins (TP), C-reactive protein (CRP), liver enzymes aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), and metabolic hormones triiodothyronine (T₃) and thyroxine (T₄) were studied. Results revealed significantly higher (P ≤ 0.01) levels of glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-C, triglycerides, total proteins, and C-reactive protein in experimental (oxytocin-injected) lactating buffaloes compared to control group. Liver enzymes AST and ALT as well as serum T₄ concentration was significantly higher (P ≤ 0.01) in oxytocin-injected lactating buffaloes as compared to control animals. It was concluded that oxytocin had the key role in increasing the metabolic parameters and hormones, resulting in the optimization of production. But, at the same time, it may pose a threat to the animal health.

  10. Serum electrolyte and mineral variations during pregnancy and lactation in Nili-Ravi buffalo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhtar, M Saleem; Farooq, Abdul Asim; Muhammad, Syed Aun; Lodhi, Laeeq Akbar; Hayat, C Sikandar; Aziz, M Mushtaq

    2010-12-01

    The aim of present study was to determine the changes of sodium, potassium, chloride, copper, and zinc in serum of Nili-Ravi buffalo during pregnancy and lactation. The study was carried out on 25 Nili-Ravi buffaloes during March 2008 to February 2009 at Buffalo Research Institute, Pattoki, District Kasur. Blood samples were taken from each buffalo during early pregnancy (Phase EP), i.e., between 1 and 3 months gestation, mid pregnancy (Phase MP), i.e., between 4 and 6 months gestation, late pregnancy (Phase LP), i.e., between 7 and 10 months gestation, and during lactation (Phase LT). Serum sodium, potassium, and chloride were determined on a clinical chemistry analyzer whereas copper and zinc were determined on an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The mean serum sodium, potassium, and chloride concentrations varied non-significantly (P > 0.05) during pregnancy and lactation. With advancing pregnancy, copper increased and was significantly high (P < 0.05) during late pregnancy whereas during lactation copper concentrations dropped significantly (P < 0.05). The zinc concentrations increased non-significantly during early and mid pregnancy. There were significant differences (P < 0.05) in zinc concentrations during lactation compared with late pregnancy. This study demonstrates that concentrations of serum sodium, potassium, and chloride remain unchanged during pregnancy and lactation whereas serum copper concentrations increased and zinc concentrations decreased with advancing pregnancy because of the demand of the fetus at different periods of pregnancy.

  11. Isiku paigutamine kinnisesse asutusse psühhiaatrilise ravi eesmärgil : [magistritöö] / Mai-Liis Meigo ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Kai Härmand, Kristjan Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meigo, Mai-Liis

    2013-01-01

    Isiku tahtevastasest paigutamisest raviasutusse (tsiviilkohtumenetluse seadustik, psühhiaatrilise abi seadus), isiku põhiõigustest ja sellest tulenevast kohtupraktikast tahtevastase ravi läbiviimisel

  12. Isiku paigutamine kinnisesse asutusse psühhiaatrilise ravi eesmärgil : [magistritöö] / Mai-Liis Meigo ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Kai Härmand, Kristjan Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meigo, Mai-Liis

    2013-01-01

    Isiku tahtevastasest paigutamisest raviasutusse (tsiviilkohtumenetluse seadustik, psühhiaatrilise abi seadus), isiku põhiõigustest ja sellest tulenevast kohtupraktikast tahtevastase ravi läbiviimisel

  13. Trehalose improves semen antioxidant enzymes activity, post-thaw quality, and fertility in Nili Ravi buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Sajid; Andrabi, Syed Murtaza Hassan; Riaz, Amjad; Durrani, Aneela Zameer; Ahmad, Nasim

    2016-03-15

    Our objectives were to study the effect of trehalose in extender on (1) antioxidant enzymes profile during cryopreservation (after dilution, before freezing, and after thawing), (2) in vitro quality (after thawing), and (3) in vivo fertility of Nili Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bull spermatozoa. Semen samples (n = 20) from four buffalo bulls were diluted in Tris-citric acid-based extender having different concentrations of trehalose (0.0, 15, 30, 45, and 60 mM) and frozen in French straws. At post dilution, profile of sperm catalase (U/mL) was higher (P antioxidant enzymes activity, post thaw quality, and fertility in Nili Ravi buffaloes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Introducing a rain-adjusted vegetation index (RAVI) for improvement of long-term trend analyses in vegetation dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessollek, Christine; Karrasch, Pierre; Osunmadewa, Babatunde

    2015-10-01

    It seems to be obvious that precipitation has a major impact on greening during the rainy season in semi-arid regions. First results1 imply a strong dependence of NDVI on rainfall. Therefore it will be necessary to consider specific rainfall events besides the known ordinary annual cycle. Based on this fundamental idea, the paper will introduce the development of a rain adjusted vegetation index (RAVI). The index is based on the enhancement of the well-known normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI2) by means of TAMSAT rainfall data and includes a 3-step procedure of determining RAVI. Within the first step both time series were analysed over a period of 29 years to find best cross correlation values between TAMSAT rainfall and NDVI signal itself. The results indicate the strongest correlation for a weighted mean rainfall for a period of three months before the corresponding NDVI value. Based on these results different mathematical models (linear, logarithmic, square root, etc.) are tested to find a functional relation between the NDVI value and the 3-months rainfall period before (0.8). Finally, the resulting NDVI-Rain-Model can be used to determine a spatially individual correction factor to transform every NDVI value into an appropriate rain adjusted vegetation index (RAVI).

  15. Recent advances in Progeny testing program for Nili Ravi buffalo in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ghaffar

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Progeny testing program was started in Nili-Ravi buffalo at Livestock Production and Research Institute (LPRI, Bahadurnagar, Okara in 1979-80. Initially buffalo bulls used at Livestock Experiment Station (LES Qadirabad and Rakh Gulaman during 1964-78 were evaluated. Five out of ten at Rakh Gulaman and 10 out of 22 at Qadirabad bulls were positive. As none of these bulls were available, therefore, sons and grandsons of these bulls were selected for production of future candidate bulls. All the buffaloes at LPRI were evaluat`ed on Most Probable Producing Ability. The elite herd thus formed was used for production for future candidate bulls. Since then a continuous program is in operation at Govt. Livestock Farms and expanded to 27 field sub-centers involving private farmers in four districts Okara, Sahiwal, Faisalabad and Pakpattan. Since the initiation of this program in 1980’s, about 174 bulls have been put under progeny testing program and 137 bulls were evaluated by Daughter-Dam Comparison, out of which sixty eight buffalo bulls contributed positively in milk production of daughters. It is worth mentioning here that milk production of registered buffalo was recorded on monthly intervals in the field along with other necessary reproduction data required to compute the different traits of economic importance.Progeny testing program was started in Nili-Ravi buffalo at Livestock Production and Research Institute (LPRI, Bahadurnagar, Okara in 1979-80. Initially buffalo bulls used at Livestock Experiment Station (LES Qadirabad and Rakh Gulaman during 1964-78 were evaluated. Five out of ten at Rakh Gulaman and 10 out of 22 at Qadirabad bulls were positive. As none of these bulls were available, therefore, sons and grandsons of these bulls were selected for production of future candidate bulls. All the buffaloes at LPRI were evaluat`ed on Most Probable Producing Ability. The elite herd thus formed was used for production for future candidate bulls

  16. POSTPARTUM ANOESTRUS IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES MAINTAINED UNDER RURAL AND PERI-URBAN MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Anwar, N. Ullah, A. Mehmood and S.M.H. Andrabi

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available The trial was conducted to assess anoestrous problem in Nili Ravi buffaloes kept under rural and peri-urban management around Islamabad, during the months of October to December. One hundred and three buffaloes under peri-urban management and 40 buffaloes under rural management belonging to six and 21 farmers, respectively, were included in this study. Buffaloes that did not show heat signs for 6-12 months postpartum were considered anoestrus in this study. For inducing heat, two injections of cloprostenol were administered in silent oestrous buffaloes, whereas gonadotropin releasing hormone followed by cloprostenol was administered in true anoestrous buffaloes. A higher proportion of buffaloes (35% was noted in anoestrus under rural than under peri-urban management (17.5%, P=0.02. All the buffaloes diagnosed as silent oestrus responded to cloprostenol therapy by showing heat signs under both management systems. However 71% rural buffaloes diagnosed in true anoestrus showed heat symptoms compared to 100% peri-urban buffaloes followed by GnRH+cloprostenol therapy. Fixed time insemination (72 and 96 hours after 2nd cloprostenol injection resulted in a conception rate of 58% and 67% in rural and peri-urban buffaloes, respectively. An overall 33% conception rate was observed in true anoestrous compared to 83% in silent oestrous buffaloes. It is concluded that cloprostenol could be used successfully to induce heat and achieve an optimum conception rate in silent oestrous buffaloes during peak breeding season.

  17. Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in Nili Ravi buffaloes in the Punjab, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Khan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study was executed to determine the magnitude of bovine tuberculosis (BTB in buffaloes in native type of husbandry practices and impact of certain factors in the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in buffaloes in the Punjab, Pakistan. Three year cross sectional study was carried out on female population of Nili Ravi buffaloes (n = 2526 maintained at 10 Government Livestock Experimental Stations, and peri urban areas of the three major cites i.e., Lahore, Faisalabad and Okara. These animals were screened with comparative intradermal tuberculin test (CIDT by using two types of tuberculins i.e., mammalian and avian. The reaction of tuberculins injected was interpreted after 72 hours post injection. The data were analyzed by Chi-square test and Pearson correlation. Relative risk and other associated factors were calculated to describe the association with prevalence of tuberculosis in buffaloes. The prevalence of bovine tuberculosis on the basis of CIDT was 12.72%. The BTB among different livestock farms varied significantly (P8 years old age, body weight >550 kg, 3-6 parity, pregnant animals, and animals with >7 liters milk yield. The husbandry factors which greatly influence the prevalence was poor feeding (RR=2.615, high fly density (RR= 1.3474, poor management (RR=1.315, contact with wildlife (RR=1.4507, poor farm conditions (RR=1.4708, quarantine measures (RR=1.1557 and poor sanitation of farm (RR= 1.3701.

  18. Treatment of anestrous Nili-Ravi buffaloes using eCG and CIDR protocols

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zahid Naseer; Ejaz Ahmad; Nemat Ullah; Muhammad Yaqoob; Zeeshan Akbar

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To determine the effect of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and controlled internal drug releasing (CIDR) on estrus response, ovulation and pregnancy rate in Nili-Ravi buffaloes under field condition. Methods: Twenty anestrous buffaloes with more than 150 days postpartum were used in this study. To confirm anestrous condition, ovarian status and serum progesterone concentration were determined before the start of study. Buffaloes were randomly divided into eCG (n=10) and CIDR (n=10) groups. eCG group were treated with eCG (Chronogest 1000 I.U. i.m.), while CIDR group received CIDR devices for 7 days. All buffaloes in CIDR group were injected PGF2α (0.25 ug/mL; 2 mL; i.m.) one day before CIDR removal. Buffaloes were observed for estrus visually and were inseminated with frozen-thawed semen at detected estrus. Ovulation was confirmed by presence of CL 12 day post AI. Pregnancy diagnosis was done 50 days post AI. Results: Estrus response, ovulation rate and pregnancy rate were similar (P>0.05) among eCG and CIDR groups (90% vs. 80%; 78% vs. 75% and 50% vs. 60% respectively). Conclusion: It is concluded that both CIDR and eCG protocols are effective and promising remedies for the anestrous buffaloes under commercial as well as under field conditions.

  19. Estimated breeding values and genetic trend for milk yield in Nili Ravi buffaloes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ahmad

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Data on 263 pedigrees, breeding and performance records of 98 Nili-Ravi Buffaloes maintained at Livestock Experiment Station, Bahadurnagar, Okara, Punjab, Pakistan during the period 1991 to 2002 were utilized in this study to identify the high yielding elite buffaloes/bull mothers (dams to retain for further breeding for the on going progeny testing program in the country. The lactation records up to 6th parity were used for the analysis. The data were analyzed through Best Linear Unbiased Predictions (BLUP procedure. The breeding values were estimated by using Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML procedure fitting Individual Animal Model. The least squares mean for lactation milk yield was 2462.92 ± 195.93 kg. The average lactation length was 340.57 ± 61.70 days. Out of 98 buffaloes, 48 had positive breeding values (EBVs+. Within these 48 buffaloes (EBVs+, 16 were declared as elite buffaloes. The estimated breeding values for milk yield from animal model evaluations ranged from –922 to +2954 kg. The over all genetic trend for milk yield was found positive.

  20. Assessment of pesticide residues in flesh of Catla catla from Ravi River, Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhtar, Mobeen; Mahboob, Shahid; Sultana, Salma; Sultana, Tayyaba; Alghanim, Khalid Abdullah; Ahmed, Zubair

    2014-01-01

    The levels of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate, carbofuran, and cartap which were estimated in the flesh of Catla catla sampled from ten sites of Ravi River between its stretches from Shahdara to Head Balloki were studied to know the level of contamination of the selected pesticides by GC-ECD method. All fish samples were found contaminated with different concentrations of DDT, DDE, endosulfan, and carbofuran; however, DDT and DDE concentrations were more than the maximum residue limits (MRLs) about food standards, while endosulfan sulfate and cartap were not detected. Pesticide concentrations in the fish flesh were ranged from 3.240 to 3.389 for DDT, 2.290 to 2.460 for DDE, 0.112 to 0.136 for endosulfan, and 0.260 to 0.370 μg g(-1) for carbofuran. The findings revealed that the pesticide concentrations in the fish flesh decreased in the order: DDT > DDE > carbofuran > endosulfan. After Degh fall and After Hudiara nulla fall river sampling sites were found severely contaminated. It is proposed that a constant monitoring programs are needed to be initiated to overcome the present alarming situation.

  1. Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Flesh of Catla catla from Ravi River, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mobeen Akhtar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The levels of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE, endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate, carbofuran, and cartap which were estimated in the flesh of Catla catla sampled from ten sites of Ravi River between its stretches from Shahdara to Head Balloki were studied to know the level of contamination of the selected pesticides by GC-ECD method. All fish samples were found contaminated with different concentrations of DDT, DDE, endosulfan, and carbofuran; however, DDT and DDE concentrations were more than the maximum residue limits (MRLs about food standards, while endosulfan sulfate and cartap were not detected. Pesticide concentrations in the fish flesh were ranged from 3.240 to 3.389 for DDT, 2.290 to 2.460 for DDE, 0.112 to 0.136 for endosulfan, and 0.260 to 0.370 μg g−1 for carbofuran. The findings revealed that the pesticide concentrations in the fish flesh decreased in the order: DDT > DDE > carbofuran > endosulfan. After Degh fall and After Hudiara nulla fall river sampling sites were found severely contaminated. It is proposed that a constant monitoring programs are needed to be initiated to overcome the present alarming situation.

  2. Rapid assessment of visual impairment (RAVI in marine fishing communities in South India - study protocol and main findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madala Sreenivas R

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Reliable data are a pre-requisite for planning eye care services. Though conventional cross sectional studies provide reliable information, they are resource intensive. A novel rapid assessment method was used to investigate the prevalence and causes of visual impairment and presbyopia in subjects aged 40 years and older. This paper describes the detailed methodology and study procedures of Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI project. Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted using cluster random sampling in the coastal region of Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh in India, predominantly inhabited by fishing communities. Unaided, aided and pinhole visual acuity (VA was assessed using a Snellen chart at a distance of 6 meters. The VA was re-assessed using a pinhole, if VA was Results The data collection was completed in Conclusion There is a high prevalence of visual impairment in marine fishing communities in Prakasam district in India. The data from this rapid assessment survey can now be used as a baseline to start eye care services in this region. The rapid assessment methodology (RAVI reported in this paper is robust, quick and has the potential to be replicated in other areas.

  3. PREDICTION OF LACTATION YIELD FROM LAST-RECORD DAY AND AVERAGE DAILY YIELD IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. Khan, A. U. Hyder, I. R. Bajwa, M. S. Rehman and F. Hassan

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Different adjustment procedures were compared to determine if prediction of lactation milk yield using last record day information could be improved by using information on the average daily milk yield of the recorded lactation. Weekly milk yield records of 993 Nili-Ravi buffaloes for 2704 lactations were used for the study. Comparison of different procedures of lactation milk yield adjustment from partial/incomplete or complete lactations indicated that milk yield predicted from a linear regression equation, or from last test day information, was higher as compared to actual milk yield due to extrapolation to a higher base. Simple linear regression procedure overestimated the yield, especially in the later part of the lactation curve. Most precise adjustments were obtained when last test day and average daily milk yield information were included as predictors. The standard deviation of bias decreased and correlation between actual and predicted lactation milk yield improved with inclusion of average daily milk yield as a predictor along with the last test day milk yield. Last recorded milk yield information along with average daily yield of the recorded lactation period are suggested to be used for standardization of milk yield data in Nili-Ravi buffaloes.

  4. l-Cysteine improves antioxidant enzyme activity, post-thaw quality and fertility of Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bull spermatozoa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, S; Riaz, A; Andrabi, S M H; Shahzad, Q; Durrani, A Z; Ahmad, N

    2016-11-01

    The effects of l-cysteine in extender on antioxidant enzymes profile during cryopreservation, post-thaw quality parameters and in vivo fertility of Nili-Ravi buffalo bull spermatozoa were studied. Semen samples from 4 buffalo bulls were diluted in Tris-citric acid-based extender having different concentrations of l-cysteine (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 mm) and frozen in 0.5-ml French straws. The antioxidative enzymes [catalase, super oxide dismutase and total glutathione (peroxidase and reductase)] were significantly higher (P antioxidant enzymes profile, post-thaw quality and in vivo fertility of Nili-Ravi buffalo bull spermatozoa. © 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  5. Effect of oestrus synchronization methods on oestrus behaviour, timing of ovulation and pregnancy rate during the breeding and low breeding seasons in Nili-Ravi buffaloes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warriach, Hassan Mahmood; Channa, Aijaz Ali; Ahmad, Nasim

    2008-08-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the effect of oestrous synchronization methods on oestrous behaviour, timing of ovulation and pregnancy rate during the breeding and low breeding seasons in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. In Experiment 1, oestrous behaviour and timing of ovulation were determined from (n=34) oestruses. The mean (+/- S.E.M.) time of ovulation after the onset of standing oestrus was greater (P0.05) from those which were inseminated during the low breeding season (55.5%) and (30.4%), respectively. This study demonstrates clearly that (1) timing of ovulation in Nili-Ravi buffalo is about 30h after the onset of standing oestrus and (2) buffaloes can be successfully synchronized with optimum fertility using either PGF(2alpha) alone (detected oestrus) or using (Ovsynch protocol) during low breeding season, to calve during the period when milk availability is short.

  6. rAvis: an R-package for downloading information stored in Proyecto AVIS, a citizen science bird project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela, Sara; González-Hernández, Javier; Casabella, Eduardo; Barrientos, Rafael

    2014-01-01

    Citizen science projects store an enormous amount of information about species distribution, diversity and characteristics. Researchers are now beginning to make use of this rich collection of data. However, access to these databases is not always straightforward. Apart from the largest and international projects, citizen science repositories often lack specific Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to connect them to the scientific environments. Thus, it is necessary to develop simple routines to allow researchers to take advantage of the information collected by smaller citizen science projects, for instance, programming specific packages to connect them to popular scientific environments (like R). Here, we present rAvis, an R-package to connect R-users with Proyecto AVIS (http://proyectoavis.com), a Spanish citizen science project with more than 82,000 bird observation records. We develop several functions to explore the database, to plot the geographic distribution of the species occurrences, and to generate personal queries to the database about species occurrences (number of individuals, distribution, etc.) and birdwatcher observations (number of species recorded by each collaborator, UTMs visited, etc.). This new R-package will allow scientists to access this database and to exploit the information generated by Spanish birdwatchers over the last 40 years.

  7. Ravi rahastamise lepingu sõlmimise menetluse regulatsiooni ja selle alusel Eesti Haigekassa poolt välja kujundatud halduspraktika kitsaskohad ning nende ületamise võimalused : [magistritöö] / Alle-Riin Nõgols ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõgols, Alle-Riin

    2012-01-01

    Ravi rahastamise lepingu olemusest ja sõlmimiseks läbiviidavast haldusmenetlusest, Eesti Haigekassa õiguslikust seisundist EL konkurentsiõiguse tähenduses, tervishoiuteenuse osutajate võrdse kohtlemise võimalustest ravi rahastamise lepingute sõlmimise protsessis

  8. Ravi rahastamise lepingu sõlmimise menetluse regulatsiooni ja selle alusel Eesti Haigekassa poolt välja kujundatud halduspraktika kitsaskohad ning nende ületamise võimalused : [magistritöö] / Alle-Riin Nõgols ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõgols, Alle-Riin

    2012-01-01

    Ravi rahastamise lepingu olemusest ja sõlmimiseks läbiviidavast haldusmenetlusest, Eesti Haigekassa õiguslikust seisundist EL konkurentsiõiguse tähenduses, tervishoiuteenuse osutajate võrdse kohtlemise võimalustest ravi rahastamise lepingute sõlmimise protsessis

  9. The science and art of learning about cultures: Descriptions, explanations, and reflections In conversation with Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Founder, Art of Living

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritu Tripathi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available National cultural differences pose major obstacles to global business expansion. Managers, therefore, seek to learn more about cultures. Conventional managerial learning mostly draws from descriptive scientific models which have potential drawbacks such as unidimensionality, decontextualisation, and culture-level information. Explanatory models of cultural psychology can help overcome these limitations. Further, insights from a cross-culturally fluent authority provide reflective learnings. Toward this end, I engage in a conversation with Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, the founder of the Art of Living organization, on issues related to cultural identity in the global workplace in the Indian context.

  10. CORRELATION BETWEEN HYPO-OSMOTIC SWELLING TEST AND VARIOUS CONVENTIONAL SEMEN EVALUATION PARAMETERS IN FRESH NILI-RAVI BUFFALO AND SAHIWAL COW BULL SEMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A. LODHI, M. ZUBAIR, Z. I. QURESHI, I. AHMAD AND H. JAMIL

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to determine the correlation of hypo-osmotic swelling test with conventional semen evaluation parameters of fresh semen collected from two Nili-Ravi buffalo and two Sahiwal cow bulls. A total of 10 pooled samples (each comprising two consecutive ejaculates from each bull were collected. Each semen sample was divided into two parts. One part was used for the evaluation of semen by conventional method, while the other part was subjected to hypo-osmotic swelling test by using 150 mOsm/L sodium citrate fructose solution. The mean sperm positive to HOS test was 85.25% both in Nili-Ravi buffalo and Sahiwal cow bull semen. Statistical analysis of the data revealed a significant (P<0.05 positive correlation between progressive motility, morphologically normal spermatozoa, sperm viability and percentage of HOS test positive spermatozoa for both species. It was inferred that HOS test could be a valuable method for routine evaluation of semen for artificial insemination.

  11. BLOOD SERUM TESTOSTERONE LEVEL AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH SCROTAL CIRCUMFERENCE AND SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALO BULLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. SAJJAD, S. ALI, N. ULLAH1, M. ANWAR1, S. AKHTER AND S. M. H. ANDRABI1

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed at determining the blood serum testosterone level and its relationship with scrotal circumference and physical characteristics of semen in Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls. Semen samples were collected weekly from three buffalo bulls of 14 years age for 12 weeks and were evaluated for physical characteristics i.e. ejaculatory volume, sperm motility, sperm concentration, pH and sperm abnormalities. Jugular blood samples were collected from each bull at weekly intervals and analyzed for serum testosterorse concentrations. Mean (+ SE blood serum testosterone level (ng/ml, scrotal circumference (cm, semen volume (ml, progressive sperm motility (%, sperm concentration (106/µl, semen pH and total sperm abnormalities (% observed were 0.69 ± 0.12, 34.6 ± 0.9, 3.59 ± 0.41, 51.53 ± 2.23, 0.99 ± 0.07, 7.01 ± 0.08 and 11.67 ± 0.90, respectively. Positive correlations between testosterone level and scrotal circumference (r=0.414 and ejaculatory volume (r=0.348 were observed. However, no correlation of testosterone level with sperm motility (r=0.145, sperm concentration (r=0.264, semen pH (r=-0.208 and total sperm abnormalities (r=-0.242 was found. Similary, ejaculatory volume did not show any correlation with sperm motility percentage (r=0.115, sperm concentration (r=0.045, semen pH (r=-0.015 and total sperm abnormalities (r=-0.135. Sperm motility percentage had positive correlation with sperm concentration (r=0.347 and negative correlation with semen pH (r=-0.670. Sperm concentration was negatively correlated with semen pH (r=-0.501. It was concluded that in 14 years old buffalo bulls the level of serum testosterone and scrotal circumference and ejaculatory volume were positively correlated. The other semen quality parameters including sperm motility, sperm concentration, semen pH and sperm abnormalities were not related with serum testosterone level.

  12. Effect of Oxytocin Administration before Milking on Milk Production, Somatic Cells Count and fat Contents in Milk of Nili-Ravi Buffaloes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Saleem Akhtar*, Laeeq Akbar Lodhi1, Abdul Asim Farooq, M. Mazhar Ayaz, Maqbool Hussain, Mushtaq Hussain Lashari and Zafar Iqbal Chaudhary

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was escorted to know the effect of oxytocin administration before milking on milk production, somatic cells count and fat contents in milk of buffaloes. Twenty lactating Nili-Ravi buffaloes were randomly divided into two groups. Group A (n = 10 buffaloes were treated intramuscularly with 30 IU of oxytocin daily before the start of milking for the period of 7 days, whereas group B (n = 10 buffaloes were given no treatment and served as control. Milk samples were collected from all buffaloes 7 days before (Phase I, during (Phase II and after (Phase III the treatment. There were significantly higher (P<0.05 milk production (liters during phase-II in group A (8.57±0.07 liters buffaloes as compare to group B (8.40±0.04 liters whereas non-significant differences were recorded in the mean milk production between group A and B during phase-I (8.46 vs 8.43 liters and III (8.54 liters. Somatic cells count varied from 72.96 to 97.01 × 103 and 71.86 to 77.14 × 103 cells per ml in group A and B, respectively. Mean somatic cells count were significantly higher (P<0.05 in group A as compared to group B during phases II of study. During phase I, II and III, there were non-significant differences in fat percentage between two groups of buffaloes. It was concluded that milk production and somatic cells count in milk of Nili-Ravi buffalo were affected by oxytocin injection before milking whereas there was no effect of oxytocin on milk fat percentage.

  13. FEED INTAKE, WEIGHT GAIN AND HAEMATOLOGY IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALO HEIFERS FED ON MOTT GRASS AND BERSEEM FODDER SUBSTITUTED WITH SALTBUSH (ATRIPLEX AMNICOLA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. BHATTI, M. YOUNAS1, M. ABDULLAH, M. E. BABAR AND H. NAWAZ1

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available A feeding management experiment was conducted to determine the effect of Mott grass and berseem fodder substituted with saltbush on the performance of Nili-Ravi buffalo heifers. Fifteen buffalo heifers of 8 months age and 120 kg average initial body weight were divided into five equal groups and fed on T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 having Mott (Pennisetum purpurium, Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum, Mott+Saltbush, Berseem+Saltbush and Mott+Berseem+Saltbush, respectively. The experiment was completed in five phases of five weeks each. Higher (P<0.05 mean DM contents were observed in saltbush substituted diets (T3, T4 and T5 than T2 and T1. Crude protein contents were higher (P<0.01 in Berseem+Saltbush and Berseem alone. Ash contents were significantly (P<0.01 higher in saltbush containing diets as compared to Mott and Berseem alone. Mean daily DMI was higher (P<0.01 on T2, followed by T4, T1, T5 and T3. Daily water intake was significantly higher (P<0.01 in heifers on saltbush substituted diets. Highest daily weight gain was observed on Berseem alone and on saltbush combination diets. RBCs count was higher (P<0.05 on T1 and T3, and lowest on T4 (berseem+saltbush. WBCs count (P<0.05 were 9.19 ± 0.75, 9.63 ± 0.75, 9.34 ± 0.75, 8.85 ± 0.75 and 8.96 ± 0.75 × 103 μl-1 on T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5, respectively. Haemoglobin contents were higher (P<0.01 in heifers on saltbush containing diets and Berseem alone. PCV varied significantly (P<0.01 among treatments and was higher on saltbush substituted diets. Buffalo heifers performed better on Berseem and saltbush diets. It is concluded that saltbush can be incorporated in the conventional diets of Nili-Ravi buffalo heifers up to 50% as an alternate forage source when conventional fodders are short and their nutrient contents are low during severe winter and summer seasons.

  14. Influence of organic acids or fermentable carbohydrates on feeding value of urea treated wheat straw for Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls fed ad libitum diets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang-Shik Lee

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Four Nili-Ravi Buffalo bulls were used to study the influence of urea treated wheat straw (UTWS ensiled with organic acids or fermentable carbohydrates on nutrients digestibility and nitrogen (N balance. Four diets each having 50% dry matter (DM from UTWS ensiled with acetic acid (AD, formic acid (FD, acidified molasses (MD or corn steep liquor (CD were fed to ruminally cannulated bulls in a 4×4 Latin square design. Higher ruminal ammonia N at 3 and 6 h post prandial was observed with AD and FD diets. However, at 12 h post parandial, ammonia N was higher with MD and CD diets. The digestibility was similar across all treatments. The N balance was higher in bulls fed CD and MD diets than those fed AD and FD diets. Ensiling UTWS with fermentable carbohydrates compared to organic acids increases the N fixation in the matrix of cell wall fiber thus slowing its release at ruminal level that enhanced the N synchronization with carbon skeleton (fiber fermentation and this consequently minimizes N loss from the rumen. These results indicate that the UTWS ensiled with fermentable carbohydrates is of better feeding value for ruminants than UTWS ensiled with organic acids.

  15. Age related changes in the morphometric parameters of the Heart, Kidneys and Adrenal glands of Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Hussain

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Forty clinically healthy Nili-Ravi buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis were divided into two age groups of 20 animals each viz., young (12-48 months of age and adult (49-96 months of each sex. These studies revealed that the absolute heart weight, absolute kidney’s weight, the absolute adrenal gland’s weight, mean values of width of heart, circumference, thickness of wall of right and left atria, thickness of wall of right and left ventricles, mean values of length of right and left kidneys, width, circumference, mean values of length of the adrenal glands were significantly (P<0.05 higher in adult buffaloes than young ones. The average relative heart weight, relative kidneys weight and the relative weight of adrenal glands was significantly (P<0.01 higher in young buffaloes as compared to the adult ones. While the relationship of the width of right adrenal glands between young and adult buffaloes were recorded as non-significant. The results of the present study are the first report on the age related morphological changes in the heart, kidneys and adrenal glands of buffalo. These age induced anatomical changes may affect the rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS and hence blood pressure of an individual.

  16. Determination of Ovsynch Efficiency for Estrus Synchronization by Plasma LH and P4 Levels in Nili Ravi Buffalo during Peak and Low Breeding Seasons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Jabeen, M. Anwar1*, S. M. H. Andrabi1, A. Mehmood1, S. Murtaza2 and M. Shahab

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Oestrus synchronization may be used to overcome poor oestrus expression and seasonality of breeding in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis. The present work was conducted to compare the efficiency of an oestrus synchronization protocol “ovsynch” in Nili Ravi buffalo during peak (n=8 and low breeding seasons (n=11 by determining luteinizing hormone (LH peak and progesterone (P4 rise in blood plasma using ELISA. Buffaloes were administered gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH analogue (50 µg lecirelin; day 0 followed by prostaglandinF2α (PGF2α analogue (150 µg cloprostenol; day 7 and again GnRH analogue at 36 hours after PGF2α. Blood sampling for LH was started 12 h after PGF2α injection and done at 3 h interval up to 108 h. An animal was considered to have responded to ovsynch protocol if it showed LH peak within 48 h after PGF2α injection (and within 3-6 h after second GnRH injection and showed a P4 concentration of >2.0 ng/ml on day 18 after the 1st GnRH injection. 87.5% animals showed positive response to ovsynch protocol in term of oestrus and ovulation synchronization during the peak season as assessed by LH peak and P4 level while only 36.36 % animals responded to synchronization treatment during low breeding season (P<0.05. The LH peak in responsive animals was 11.48±1.98 and 10.38±1.77 ng/ml in peak and low breeding season respectively. It is concluded that ovsynch protocol in buffaloes resulted in a significantly better response during peak breeding season as compared to that in low breeding season.

  17. Effects of Varying Levels of Fungal (Arachniotus sp.) Treated Wheat Straw as an Ingredient of Total Mixed Ration on Growth Performance and Nutrient Digestibility in Nili Ravi Buffalo Calves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahzad, F; Abdullah, M; Chaudhry, A S; Bhatti, J A; Jabbar, M A; Ahmed, F; Mehmood, T; Asim, M; Ahmed, S; Kamran, Z; Irshad, I; Tahir, M N

    2016-03-01

    The study was carried out to explore the effects of replacing wheat straw with fungal treated wheat straw as an ingredient of total mixed ration (TMR) on the growth performance and nutrient digestibility in Nili Ravi buffalo male calves. Fungal treated wheat straw was prepared using Arachniotus sp. Four TMRs were formulated where wheat straw was replaced with 0 (TMR1), 33 (TMR2), 67 (TMR3), and 100% (TMR4) fungal treated wheat straw in TMR. All TMRs were iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous. The experimental TMRs were randomly assigned to four groups of male calves (n = 6) according to completely randomized design and the experiment continued for four months. The calves fed TMR2 exhibited a significant improve in dry matter intake, average daily weight gain, feed conversion ratio and feed economics compared to other groups. The same group also showed higher digestibility of dry matter, crude protein, neutral-, and acid detergent fibers than those fed on other TMRs. It is concluded that TMR with 33% fungal-treated wheat straw replacement has a potential to give an enhanced growth performance and nutrient digestibility in male Nili Ravi buffalo calves.

  18. Unistuste ravi kontrollitud / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Ameerika 2008.a. mängufilmist "Mässajate tänav" ("Revolutionary Road"), stsenarist Richard Yates'i samanimelise raamatu järgi Justin Haythe, režissöör Sam Mendes, operaator Roger Deakins, peaosades Kate Winslet, Leonardo DiCaprio

  19. Unistuste ravi kontrollitud / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Ameerika 2008.a. mängufilmist "Mässajate tänav" ("Revolutionary Road"), stsenarist Richard Yates'i samanimelise raamatu järgi Justin Haythe, režissöör Sam Mendes, operaator Roger Deakins, peaosades Kate Winslet, Leonardo DiCaprio

  20. Ravi rahastamise lepingutega seotud probleeme / Merike Varusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varusk, Merike, 1968-

    2014-01-01

    Igaühe õigusest tervise kaitsele ja riigi kohustusest tervishoiuteenuste korraldamisel. Ravikindlustusvahendite kasutamisest tervishoiukulude katmiseks, lepingute sõlmimisest ning vastavast kohtupraktikast

  1. Ravi rahastamise lepingutega seotud probleeme / Merike Varusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varusk, Merike, 1968-

    2014-01-01

    Igaühe õigusest tervise kaitsele ja riigi kohustusest tervishoiuteenuste korraldamisel. Ravikindlustusvahendite kasutamisest tervishoiukulude katmiseks, lepingute sõlmimisest ning vastavast kohtupraktikast

  2. Kunstikriitiku professionaalne paranoia ja selle ravi / Alvar Loog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loog, Alvar, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Vastulause raamatu "20. sajandi mõttevoolud" (Tallinn ; Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli kirjastus, 2009) arvustusele: Saar Johannes. 20. sajandi mõttevoolud : kogu talveks lugemist ja magamist. Eesti Päevaleht, 2009, 25. sept., lk. 12-13

  3. Teater kui katk, teater kui haiguste ravi / Kalev Kudu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kudu, Kalev, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Antonin Artaud' projekt tegevuskunsti festivalil "Diverse Universe". Projekti lavastas Tartu Üliõpilasteatri näitlejate ja Tartu Ülikooli kahe teatritudengiga Ph. Brehse Berliini performance'irühmast Open Space. Workshop Tartu Üliõpilasmajas 3.-6. maini ja 6. mail Sadamateatris etendus "Katk". Lisatud lavastaja ja osalejate arvamused õpikojast

  4. Kunstikriitiku professionaalne paranoia ja selle ravi / Alvar Loog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loog, Alvar, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Vastulause raamatu "20. sajandi mõttevoolud" (Tallinn ; Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli kirjastus, 2009) arvustusele: Saar Johannes. 20. sajandi mõttevoolud : kogu talveks lugemist ja magamist. Eesti Päevaleht, 2009, 25. sept., lk. 12-13

  5. Eurosaadikud andsid loa otsida mujalt ravi / Liisi Poll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poll, Liisi, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni algatatud direktiivi eelnõust patsiendi õigustest piiriületavas tervishoius, mille alusel võib Euroopa Liidu kodanik igas liikmesriigis arsti poole pöörduda ning arstiabi saada

  6. TLÜ teadlased andsid panuse avastusse, mis tõotab läbimurret Alzheimeri ravis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tallinna ülikooli teadlased professor Jan Johansson ja dr Jenny Presto teevad koostööd kolleegidega Karolinska instituudist, Cambridge’ist ja Lundi ülikoolist. Uurimisrühm leidis Alzheimeri tõbe käivitava molekuli ning seda on õpitud blokeerima

  7. Hemato-biochemical and clinico-epidemiological aspects of parturient hemoglobinuria in Nili-Ravi buffaloes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Khan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available For this study, 60 buffaloes suffering from parturient hemoglobinuria (PHU were randomly selected from field cases occurring in three districts of Punjab, Pakistan and simultaneously, 60 clinically healthy buffaloes of similar description from the same localities were included for case control study. Clinico-epidemiological data were collected. Blood/serum samples from all buffaloes were collected and analyzed. The most prominent clinical sign was passing of red to coffee colored urine. Milk production was reduced and respiration and pulse rates were significantly accelerated. Ruminal motility was significantly weak and reduced along with characteristic straining while defecating. The case fatality was 15%. A significantly high occurrence of PHU was observed in the winter season (41.8%. Maximum number of affected buffaloes (25.0% was in 4th lactation. Twenty-seven (45.0% buffaloes developed hemoglobinuria in the post calving period and majority (59.3% of these were within 1-23 days of calving. Of the 33 (55.0% PHU affected pregnant buffaloes, 18 (54.6% were in their third trimester. The highest cases of PHU were observed in buffaloes producing 10 or more liters of milk/day (42.5%. Recurrence of PHU was observed in 18.3% buffaloes. Mean values of total erythrocyte counts, hemoglobin concentration and packed cell volume were lower (P<0.001, while erythrocyte sediment rate was higher (P<0.001 in PHU affected buffaloes as compared to the values in healthy buffaloes. Neutrophils were significantly higher, while lymphocytes and erythrocytic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD were lower, in PHU affected buffaloes than in healthy buffaloes. Serum phosphorus, copper and selenium were significantly (P<0.001 lower, whereas potassium, iron and molybdenum (P<0.001 were higher in buffaloes suffering from PHU than healthy buffaloes.

  8. Effect of melatonin on maturation capacity and fertilization of Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis oocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Nagina

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the effect of melatonin supplementation of in vitro maturation media on in vitro maturation (IVM and in vitro fertilization (IVF rate of buffalo oocytes. Cumulus oocytes complexes (COCs were aspirated from follicles of 2-8 mm diameter. In experiment I, COCs were matured in IVM medium supplemented with 0 (control, 250, 500, and 1000 μM melatonin for 22-24 hours in CO2 incubator at 38.5°C with 5% CO2 and at 95% relative humidity. The maturation rate did not differ in media supplemented with melatonin at 250 μM, 500 μM, 1000 μM and control (0 μM. In experiment II, the matured oocytes were fertilized in 50 μl droplets of Tyrode’s Albumin Lactate Pyruvate (TALP medium having 10 ug/ml heparin for sperm (2 million/ml capacitation. The fertilization droplets were then kept for incubation at 5% CO2, 39°C and at 95% relative humidity for 18 hours. The fertilization rate was assessed by sperm penetration and pronuclear formation. Fertilization rate was improved when maturation medium was supplemented with 250 μM melatonin compared to control. In conclusion, melatonin supplementation to serum free maturation media at 250 μM improved the fertilization rate of buffalo oocytes.

  9. Some Considerations about the Bouchaud-Cates-Ravi-Edwards model for granular flow

    OpenAIRE

    Alamino, Roberto C.; Prado, Carmen P. C.

    2001-01-01

    In this paper we discuss some features of the BCRE model. We show that this model can be understood as a mapping from a two-dimensional to a one-dimensional problem, if some conditions are satisfied. We propose some modifications that (a) guarantee mass conservation in the model (what is not assured in its original form) and (b) correct undesired behaviors that appear when there are irregularities in the surface of the static phase. We also show that a similar model can be deduced both from t...

  10. Morphometric Evaluation of the Blood Pressure Related Organs in Nili-Ravi Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis With Advancing Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Hussain

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Forty clinically healthy buffaloes of either sex were divided into two age-groups of equal size i.e., young (12-42 months and adult (48-96 months. Histological sections were prepared by routine method and stained by H&E. AutoCAD® image analysis software and ocular micrometer were used for the morphometric evaluations. Studies revealed that the adrenal cortex of buffalo was divided into four zones, zona glomerulosa, zona intermedia, zona fasciculate and zona reticularis. The zona fasciculata was recorded as the widest and zona reticularis narrowest zone of the adrenal cortex. The volume of cardiomyocytic nuclei (μm3, volume of renal corpuscles (μm3×103, volume of nuclei of cells of zona glomerulosa (μm3, thickness of the zona glomerulosa, zona intermedia and zona fasciculata of adrenal cortex in adult buffaloes were significantly (P<0.01 higher as compared to their younger counterparts. It is conceivable that the development of blood related parameters showed an increase parallel to the advancing age in order to adjust with the increasing blood pressure due to physiological development process in buffalo.

  11. ULTRASONIC MONITORING OF FOLLICLES AND CORPORA LUTEA DURING SYNCHRONIZATION IN SUMMER ANOESTROUS NILI RAVI BUFFALOES AND THEIR SUBSEQUENT SUPEROVULATORY RESPONSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Irfan-ur-Rehman Khan, M. A. Rana and N. Ahmad

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available In the first experiment, effect of GnRH and PGF2α given intramuscularly, 9 days apart, was observed on induction of ovulation and synchronization of oestrus in anoestrous buffaloes during summer (n=2. Ovarian follicles and corpora lutea were monitored on every other day basis, using B-mode real time, transrectal ultrasonography. Oestrus detection was carried out twice daily. The diameter of the largest follicle on the day of administration of GnRH averaged 9 ± 0 mm. These follicles ovulated within 48 h after injection of GnRH. Interval to oestrus after injection of PGF2α was 63 ± 11 h. In the second experiment, effect of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH-p on follicular development in buffaloes during summer (n=2 was observed. FSH-p (total of 40 mg was administered intramuscularly in divided doses, twice daily on Days 10, 11, 12 and 13. PGF2α (2 ml was injected on Day 13. Ovarian follicles and corpora lutea were monitored on daily basis using real time, transrectal ultrasonography. Oestrus detection was carried out twice daily. Superovulatory response was measured and analyzed by comparing follicular development on Day 10, i. e. beginning of FSH-p treatment, (before and on Day of next oestrus (after. Superovulatory response was confirmed by determining number of corpora lutea on Day 7 after oestrus. Interval to oestrus after injection of PGF2α was 37 ± 10 h. Mean number of small follicles decreased (P<0.05 ‘after’ FSH-p treatment than ‘before’. Mean number of medium and large follicles and corpora lutea increased (P<0.05 ‘after’ FSH-p treatment than ‘before’. It is concluded that protocol of GnRH-PGF2α can induce ovulation and oestrus in buffaloes and reasonable superovulatory response to FSH-p can be achieved during summer when given during mid luteal phase.

  12. Serum Progesterone and Estradiol-17β Profiles in Nili Ravi Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis with and without Dystocia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Amjad Ali, Laeeq Akbar Lodhi and Faiz-ul-Hassan1*

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare serum hormone profiles (progesterone and estradiol-17β in buffaloes with dystocia and unassisted calving in three agro-ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan. One hundred and seventy three buffaloes (n=173 with assisted (dystocia and unassisted calving (normal birth were sampled for study. The results showed that the buffaloes suffering with dystocia had significantly higher (P<0.05 mean serum progesterone level compared with those having normal calving. The comparison amongst the agro-ecological zones revealed that serum progesterone level of dystocia cases in buffaloes of northern irrigated zone was significantly lower (P<0.05 compared with those in the southern irrigated zone and the arid zone, whereas the latter two did not differ between each other. No difference was observed in serum progesterone levels in normal buffaloes when compared amongst three agro-ecological zones. The serum estradiol-17β profile showed a significant (P<0.05 lower level in buffaloes with dystocia as compared to those with normal calving. Mean serum estradiol-17β level in the buffaloes affected with dystocia in the northern irrigated zone was significantly lower (P<0.05 compared to those in the southern irrigated zone and the arid zone wherein the latter two did not differ between each other.

  13. Assessing undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed Nili-Ravi buffalo bull sperm by using standard semen assays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ijaz

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST, eosin-nigrosin staining and normal apical ridge test (NAR were used to determine integrity of plasma membrane and acrosome of undiluted, diluted (cooled to 5oC and frozen-thawed sperm. Semen from seven bulls was used. For diluted and frozen-thawed sperm, three doses were pooled at 37oC. Percentage motility was assessed using a phase contrast microscope. A 50μl each of undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed semen was mixed with 500μl of 50, 100, 150, 150, 190 or 250 mOsm hypo-osmotic treatments of sodium citrate plus fructose and incubated at 37oC for 1 h. Total number of intact sperm (live of undiluted, diluted and frozen-thawed were assessed before HOST. Percentage motility decreased (P0.05, but varied significantly (P<0.05 within bulls. In conclusion, plasma membrane integrity of undiluted and diluted sperm was compromised during freezing and thawing. However, freezing had no effect on acrosomal integrity.

  14. Innovatsioon = Innovation

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    TÜ teadlased töötavad välja Philipsi tellimusel uut tomograafi; prof. Marika Mikelsaar pälvis bakteri ME-3 kasutamise eest Euroopa Liidu innovaatori auhinna; toruluude murdude fragmentide ühendamiseks koostatud leiutisele said patendi Aleks Lenzner ja Tiit Haviko TÜ-st ning Vladimir Andrianov EMÜ-st

  15. Kas ravi välismaal on igaühe teoreetiline õigus või praktiline võimalus? Euroopa Parlamendi ja nõukogu direktiivi 2011/24/EL Eesti õigusesse ülevõtmise mudel / Sille Allikmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allikmets, Sille, 1968-

    2014-01-01

    Piiriülese tervishoiuteenuse regulatsiooni arengust Euroopa Liidus. Patsientide varustamine vajaliku teabega, võrdne kohtlemine, eelloa nõue ja ravikulude katmise põhimõtted direktiivi 2011/24/EL alusel

  16. Kas ravi välismaal on igaühe teoreetiline õigus või praktiline võimalus? Euroopa Parlamendi ja nõukogu direktiivi 2011/24/EL Eesti õigusesse ülevõtmise mudel / Sille Allikmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allikmets, Sille, 1968-

    2014-01-01

    Piiriülese tervishoiuteenuse regulatsiooni arengust Euroopa Liidus. Patsientide varustamine vajaliku teabega, võrdne kohtlemine, eelloa nõue ja ravikulude katmise põhimõtted direktiivi 2011/24/EL alusel

  17. Ruminal characteristics, blood pH, blood urea nitrogen and nitrogen balance in Nili-Ravi buffalo (bubalus bubalis bulls fed diets containing various level of ruminally degradable protein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Shahzad

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Ruminal degradable protein (RDP is considered essential for ruminal microbial growth. This not only improves the ruminal fermentation but it also ensures an adequate supply of microbial protein to the host animal. One of the most effective methods to enhance ruminal microbial protein supplies to the host is an efficient utilization of non-protein nitrogen substances (Sarwar et al., 2004. This makes the ruminant animal production cost-effective through minimizing its ruminally undegradable protein (RUP needs (Blummel et al., 1999. Urea can be used all or a part of the supplemental protein to meet the dairy cow requirement (Russell et al., 1992. It is documented that exotic lactating cows perform equally good when urea contributes to build up 12 % RDP of the ration (Gould, 1969. However, scientific information regarding this effect in buffalo is limited. Therefore the present study was planned to determine the impact of varying level of RDP on ruminal characteristics, digestibility, blood pH, blood urea nitrogen (BUN and N balance in buffalo bulls.

  18. Raginal rannavormi / kommenteerinud Reet Puks, Merily Lehis, Helle Nurmsalu, Galina Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Ilusalongides pakutavatest salendavatest kehahooldusprotseduuridest aparaatidega - LPG edermoloogiline massaaž, Universal Contour Wrap, ULTRATONE intensiivne tselluliidiravi ja mittekirurgiline facelift, Shockmaster AWT meetod (akustilise laine ravi)

  19. Drug: D05248 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05248 Drug Freeze-dried inactivated tissue culture ravies vaccine (JP16) Vaccine [...r08301] 6 Agents against pathologic organisms and parasites 63 Biological preparations 631 Vaccines 6313 Viral vaccine...s D05248 Freeze-dried inactivated tissue culture ravies vaccine (JP16) PubChem: 47206964 ...

  20. 78 FR 69700 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... available (human). Inventors: Thomas B. Nutman, Ravi Varatharajalu, Franklin A. Neva (all of NIAID...--International PCT Application No. PCT/US12/62197 filed 26 October 2012 Licensing Contact: Kevin W. Chang, Ph.D...

  1. Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete sotsiaalne toimetulek / Virve-Ines Laidmäe, Maire-Liis Hääl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laidmäe, Virve-Ines, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete terviseseisundist, ravi kättesaadavusest ning toimetulekust haiguse ja igapäevaeluga. Uurimuse aluseks on rahvastikuküsitluse "Eesti 2003" ja küsitluse "Kroonilised reumatoloogilised haiged 2006" materjalid

  2. EULAR-i president toetab Eesti kolleege

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Reumatoloogide seltsi kutsel külastas Tallinna Oslo Ülikooli professor Tore Kristian Kvien, kes teiste hulgas kirjutas alla ka reumatoidartriidi bioloogilise ravi võimaldamist taotlevale memorandumile

  3. HIV-ravim võis saastuda tehases / Agnes Kuus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuus, Agnes

    2007-01-01

    Keemiliselt saastunud HIV-ravimi Viracept sattumine Eestisse on vähetõenäoline, kuid ohutuse huvides korjatakse kõik ravimid patsientide käest tagasi ning asendatakse ravimifirma kulul. Lisa: HIVi ravi

  4. Meditsiinidoktor Marje Oona / Heidi-Ingrid Maaroos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maaroos, Heidi-Ingrid, 1942-

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli polikliiniku ja perearstiteaduse õppetooli assistendi ja teaduri Marje Oona doktoritöö "Helicobacter pylori infektsioon lastel : epidemioloogilisi ja ravi aspekte" kaitsmisest Tartu Ülikoolis 12. jaanuaril 2005

  5. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2013-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Suri Dave Brubeck. CNN valis Euroopa parimad jazziklubid. Lahkus Ravi Shankar. Jagati latiinomuusika Grammysid. Suri jazzpianist Austin Peralta. Molde jazzifestivali korraldaja pani ameti aha. Suri John Tchicai

  6. Diabeedibuss liigub külast külla / Marju Past

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Past, Marju, 1963-

    2011-01-01

    Diabeediliidu poolt käivitatud projektist avastamaks diabeeti varajases staadiumis. Maakondade väiksemates asulates mõõdetakse erinevaid tervisele olulisi parameetreid ning määratakse vajadusel esialgne ravi

  7. Neljandik raviks end meelsasti välismaal / Marika Kusnets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kusnets, Marika

    2006-01-01

    Poliitikauuringute Keskuse Praxis 2005. aastal läbi viidud uuringust selgus, et 25% Eesti elanikest eelistaks ravi välismaal. Diagramm: Eelistused arstiabi saamise paiga osas erinevates elanike gruppides (%)

  8. Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete sotsiaalne toimetulek / Virve-Ines Laidmäe, Maire-Liis Hääl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laidmäe, Virve-Ines, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete terviseseisundist, ravi kättesaadavusest ning toimetulekust haiguse ja igapäevaeluga. Uurimuse aluseks on rahvastikuküsitluse "Eesti 2003" ja küsitluse "Kroonilised reumatoloogilised haiged 2006" materjalid

  9. Laanemetsa ja Sukmiti edukas raviseanss Bonnis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Bonni "Videonalel" pälvis Mari Laanemetsa ja Killu Sukmiti video "Ravi" noortepreemia. Videonale preemia - Calin Danil, tagasivaate preemia - Kenny Macleod. Eestist osales veel Kai Kaljo, kes enne "Videonalet" avas personaalnäituse Bratislavas Sorosi keskuse galeriis

  10. Laanemetsa ja Sukmiti edukas raviseanss Bonnis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Bonni "Videonalel" pälvis Mari Laanemetsa ja Killu Sukmiti video "Ravi" noortepreemia. Videonale preemia - Calin Danil, tagasivaate preemia - Kenny Macleod. Eestist osales veel Kai Kaljo, kes enne "Videonalet" avas personaalnäituse Bratislavas Sorosi keskuse galeriis

  11. V bolnitsu pod konvojem / Svetlana Krishciunas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krishciunas, Svetlana

    2003-01-01

    Tuberkuloosihaigete ravist ja sundravist Tallinnas. Kivimäe haigla pulmonoloogiaosakond suleti hiljuti. Praegu toimub ravi Põhja-Eesti regionaalhaiglas, Keila haiglas ja Kosel endises sanatooriumis. Kommenteerivad Viktor Vassiljev ja Rostislav Vassiljev

  12. Meditsiinidoktor Marje Oona / Heidi-Ingrid Maaroos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maaroos, Heidi-Ingrid, 1942-

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli polikliiniku ja perearstiteaduse õppetooli assistendi ja teaduri Marje Oona doktoritöö "Helicobacter pylori infektsioon lastel : epidemioloogilisi ja ravi aspekte" kaitsmisest Tartu Ülikoolis 12. jaanuaril 2005

  13. HIV-ravim võis saastuda tehases / Agnes Kuus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuus, Agnes

    2007-01-01

    Keemiliselt saastunud HIV-ravimi Viracept sattumine Eestisse on vähetõenäoline, kuid ohutuse huvides korjatakse kõik ravimid patsientide käest tagasi ning asendatakse ravimifirma kulul. Lisa: HIVi ravi

  14. Diabeedibuss liigub külast külla / Marju Past

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Past, Marju, 1963-

    2011-01-01

    Diabeediliidu poolt käivitatud projektist avastamaks diabeeti varajases staadiumis. Maakondade väiksemates asulates mõõdetakse erinevaid tervisele olulisi parameetreid ning määratakse vajadusel esialgne ravi

  15. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2013-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Suri Dave Brubeck. CNN valis Euroopa parimad jazziklubid. Lahkus Ravi Shankar. Jagati latiinomuusika Grammysid. Suri jazzpianist Austin Peralta. Molde jazzifestivali korraldaja pani ameti aha. Suri John Tchicai

  16. Nanomeditsiin / Kevin Bullis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bullis, Kevin

    2006-01-01

    Michigani ülikooli arstiteadlane James Baker loob nanoosakesi medikamentide juhtimiseks otse vähirakkudesse, mis võib kaasa tuua palju ohutuma ravi. Artikkel üldpealkirja all: 10 tulevikutehnoloogiat

  17. Akna varastamine : eesti Y-kirjandus / Berk Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Berk, 1975-

    2014-01-01

    Valdur Mikita, Erkki Luuk'i, Kiwa, Kaspari ja kirjanike rühmituse “14 NÜ” (Mait Laas, Paavo Matsin, Marko Mägi, Erkki Kadarik, Marianne Ravi, Maarja Vaino, Trip Jarvis, Johannes Üksi) loomingust

  18. Akna varastamine : eesti Y-kirjandus / Berk Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Berk, 1975-

    2014-01-01

    Valdur Mikita, Erkki Luuk'i, Kiwa, Kaspari ja kirjanike rühmituse “14 NÜ” (Mait Laas, Paavo Matsin, Marko Mägi, Erkki Kadarik, Marianne Ravi, Maarja Vaino, Trip Jarvis, Johannes Üksi) loomingust

  19. Nanomeditsiin / Kevin Bullis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bullis, Kevin

    2006-01-01

    Michigani ülikooli arstiteadlane James Baker loob nanoosakesi medikamentide juhtimiseks otse vähirakkudesse, mis võib kaasa tuua palju ohutuma ravi. Artikkel üldpealkirja all: 10 tulevikutehnoloogiat

  20. Milk yield and season of calving in buffaloes and cattle in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    I.R. Bajwa; M. S. Rehman; M Aslam; M.S. Khan; A.U. Hyder

    2010-01-01

    Seasonality of calving and its association with milk yield was analyzed in Nili-Ravi buffaloes and compared with Sahiwal cattle and Sahiwal (x Friesian or Jersey) crossbreds. Records of 9,174 lactations of Nili-Ravi buffaloes from four institutional herds, 22,499 lactations from five Sahiwal herds and 656 lactations from a crossbred cattle herd were used for comparison. All the herds were located in Punjab province of Pakistan where environment is tropical. Month of calving was important sour...

  1. Acoustic Inverse Scattering for Breast Cancer Microcalcification Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    ultrasound imaging Ravi Shankar Vaidyanathan*a, Matthew A. Lewis*a, Gaik Ambartsoumianb, Tuncay Aktosunb aGraduate Program in Biomedical Engineering...using a three-dimensional reconstruction algorithm”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electronics, 7, 918-923, (2001). [2] Oraevsky A.A., Andreev V.A...EXTERIOR SPHERICAL RADON TRANSFORM- BASED ULTRASOUND IMAGING Ravi Shankar Vaidyanathan, Matthew A. Lewis, Advanced Radiological Sciences UT Southwestern

  2. Targeting the I-Kappa-B Kinase Epsilon (IKKe) for Breast Cancer Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    inhibits growth and invasiveness of breast cancer cells. (under review, submitted to Breast Cancer Research) Appendix II. Bin Qin, Ravi S. Shukla , Kun...inhibitor of kappaB kinase pathways in oncogenic initiation and progression. Oncogene 2006, 25(51):6817-6830. 21. Sung B, Pandey MK , Nakajima Y, Nishida...Bin Qin, Ravi S. Shukla , Kun Cheng* Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2464 Charlotte

  3. Finite Elements, Design Optimization, and Nondestructive Evaluation: A Review in Magnetics, and Future Directions in GPU-based, Element-by-Element Coupled Optimization and NDE

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    Element Coupled Optimization and NDE S. Ratnajeevan H. Hoole1, Victor U. Karthik1, Sivamayam Sivasuthan1, Arunasalam Rahunanthan2, Ravi S...Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Toledo , Toledo , OH 43606-3390, USA. 3. The US Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and...PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Paramsothy Jayakumar; Ravi Thyagarajan; Arunasalam Rahunanthan; Sivamayam Sivasuthan; Victor Karthik 5d

  4. A High-Throughput Pipeline for the Design of Real-Time PCR Signatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-23

    available soon. A high-throughput pipeline for the design of real - time PCR signatures BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:340 doi:10.1186/1471-2105-11-340 Ravi...AND SUBTITLE A high-throughput pipeline for the design of real - time PCR signatures 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER...Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 1 A high-throughput pipeline for the design of real - time PCR signatures Ravi Vijaya Satya

  5. Õiguse tõlgendamise ja argumenteerimise võimaluste kasutamine Eesti Vabariigi Riigikohtu praktikas. Riigikohtu halduskolleegiumi otsus asjas 3-3-1-29-12 / Raul Narits, Einar Vene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Narits, Raul, 1952-

    2014-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendist 3-3-1-29-12, milles oli vaidluse all Eesti Haigekassa otsus, mis puudutas ravi rahastamise lepingute sõlmimiseks eriarstiabi ja hooldusravi teenuste, nende mahu ja osutamise kohtade kinnitamist. Lahendiga muutis Riigikohtu halduskolleegium oma senist praktikat mitmes haldus- ja halduskohtumenetluses suurt tähtsust omavas küsimuses ning kujundas sellest tulenevalt uusi põhimõttelisi seisukohti

  6. Kadi Pärnits : tööõnnetuste hüppeline kasv Eestis on tingitud ministri saamatusest / Piret Pert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pert, Piret

    2006-01-01

    Riigikogu sotsiaalkomisjoni aseesimees Kadi Pärnits peab vajalikuks tööõnnetus- ja kutsehaiguskindlustuse eelnõu toomist Riigikokku. Tema sõnul ei võimalda nõukogude ajast pärit süsteem tööõnnetuse ohvritele elementaarset kaitset, normaalset ravi ega tööõnnetushüvitist

  7. Valitsus toetas Lennart Meri hooldust 200 000 krooniga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 30. jaan. lk. 2. Valitsus eraldas raske haigusega võitleva president Lennart Meri möödunudaastase koduhoolduse eest tasumiseks 200 000 krooni, põhjendades rahaeraldust sooviga toetada maksimaalselt presidendi ravi ja hooldamist

  8. Accelerating Biomedical Research in Designing Diagnostic Assays, Drugs, and Vaccines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    environmental samples. Advances Anders Wallqvist, Nela Zavaljevski, Ravi Vijaya Satya, Rajkumar Bondugula, Valmik Desai, Xin Hu, Kamal Kumar, Michael...Contact him at awallqvist@bioanalysis.org. nela Zavaljevski is a research scientist at US DoD Biotechnology HPC Software Applications Institute. CISE-12-5

  9. A High-Throughput Pipeline for Designing Microarray-Based Pathogen Diagnostic Assays

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-10

    Ravi Vijaya Satya, Nela Zavaljevski, Kamal Kumar and Jaques Reifman* Address: Biotechnology HPC Software Applications Institute, Telemedicine and...bioanalysis.org; Nela Zavaljevski - nelaz@bioanalysis.org; Kamal Kumar - kamal@bioanalysis.org; Jaques Reifman* - jaques.reifman@us.army.mil

  10. Selgusid Betti Alveri preemia nominendid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Betti Alveri kirjandusauhinna nominendid: Sass Henno "Mina olin siin", Andrei Hvostovi "Lombakas Achilleus", Mart Kanguri, Jaak Ranna ja Ivar Ravi "Jaak Rand ja teisi jutte", Diana Leesalu "2 grammi hämaruseni", Jaan Pehki "Sisukord", Linnar Priimäe "Kelle tee on varjul", Leo de Sixtuse "Skarabeuse tsivilisatsioon". Vt. ka Eesti Päevaleht, 16. nov., lk. 15

  11. Betti Alveri sünniaastapäeval kuulutatakse välja järjekordne Alveri kirjandusauhinna saaja...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Kirjandusauhinna nominendid: Sass Henno. Mina olin siin ; Andrei Hvostov. Lombakas Achilleus ; Mart Kangur, Jaak Rand ja Ivar Ravi. Jaak Rand ja teisi jutte ; Diana Leesalu. 2 grammi hämaruseni ; Jaan Pehk. Sisukord ; Linnar Priimägi. Kelle tee on varjul ; Leo de Sixtus. Skarabeuse tsivilisatsioon

  12. The magic of fairy circles: Built or created?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahagian, Dork

    2017-05-01

    Fairy circles are rings of relatively dense grass in arid regions with sparse vegetation. The most famous examples are found in the Namib Desert. There has been an ongoing debate regarding the origin of these features, and a recent paper by Ravi et al. (2017, doi:10.1002/2016JG003604) sheds some light on this situation.

  13. Plaadid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Keith Jarret/Gary Peacock/Jack DeJohnette "Up for it", Wladislaw Szpilman "The original recordings of the pianist", Emanuel Ax "Haydn Piano Sonatas", Ravi Coltrane "Mad 6", Guano Apes "Walking On A Thin Line", Will Young "From Now On", Janis Joplin "The Essential"

  14. Aids Eestis nagu Botswanas / Mikk Jürisson ; interv. Svea Talving

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisson, Mikk, 1963-

    2004-01-01

    Kui Eesti ei taha jõuda olukorda, mis tekkis Botswanas, kus aidsiepideemia ravi ja tõkestamine haaras lõviosa riigi tuludest ning keskmine eluiga lühenes drastiliselt, tuleks haiguse levik võtta range tähelepanu alla ja uurida, mida tasuks õppida Botswana kogemusest

  15. Haematological and serum electrolyte responses in goats ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADEYEYE

    2016-07-21

    Jul 21, 2016 ... To prepare the implant for fracture treatment, 0.1. µg/ml of ... deionized sterile water. The BMP .... and aldosterone secretion with consequent water .... Texas. Pp. 239 – 257. Ramasamy V, Perumal N, Ravi SR & Subeer SM.

  16. 77 FR 18051 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; State of Colorado; Regional Haze State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... Impacts of Construction Activities c. Smoke Management d. Emission Limitations and Schedules for... Modeling. xviii. The initials LB mean or refer to lean burn. xix. The initials LNB mean or refer to low NO... programs, including measures to address RAVI; (2) measures to mitigate the impacts of...

  17. Aids Eestis nagu Botswanas / Mikk Jürisson ; interv. Svea Talving

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisson, Mikk, 1963-

    2004-01-01

    Kui Eesti ei taha jõuda olukorda, mis tekkis Botswanas, kus aidsiepideemia ravi ja tõkestamine haaras lõviosa riigi tuludest ning keskmine eluiga lühenes drastiliselt, tuleks haiguse levik võtta range tähelepanu alla ja uurida, mida tasuks õppida Botswana kogemusest

  18. Pool aastat Villa Benitaga : Riigikohtu halduskolleegiumi 29. novembri 2012 otsuse nr 3-3-1-29-12 mõju analüüs / Marelle Leppik, Maarja Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leppik, Marelle

    2013-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendist 3-3-1-29-12, milles oli vaidluse all Eesti Haigekassa otsus, mis puudutas ravi rahastamise lepingute sõlmimiseks eriarstiabi ja hooldusravi teenuste, nende mahu ja osutamise kohtade kinnitamist. Kaks riigikohtunikku jäid kohtuasjas eriarvamusele

  19. Uusi võimalusi pakkuv kasulik bakter / Villu Päärt, Siim Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päärt, Villu, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Äsja võitis Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 avastaja Tartu Ülikooli professor Marika Mikelsaar koos kolleegidega Soulis ülemaailmsel naisleiutajate konkursil kuldmedali. Bakterite omaduste uurimine jätkub. Marika Mikelsaare juhtimisel katsetati kõhutüüfusesse nakatatud hiirte peal, millist mõju avaldab see, kui antibiootikumi ravi ajal anda hiirtele ka ME-3 sisaldavat probiootikumi

  20. Alzheimer ja ämblikud - ühe niidi kaks otsa / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2015-01-01

    Ämblikuniit ja Alzheimeri tõbe põhjustavad naastud ajus on välimuselt peaaegu identsed ja tekivad bioloogiliselt sarnaselt. Tallinna Ülikooliga koostööd tegeva Rootsi teadlase Jan Johanssoni ja tema töörühma uurimistööst Alzheimeri tõvele ravi leidmiseks

  1. 77 FR 11809 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; New Hampshire; Regional Haze

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    .... EPA promulgated a rule to address regional haze on July 1, 1999 (64 FR 35714), the Regional Haze Rule... FR 35715, (July 1, 1999). B. Background Information In section 169A(a)(1) of the 1977 Amendments to... of sources, i.e., ``reasonably attributable visibility impairment'' (RAVI). See 45 FR 80084, (Dec....

  2. Group Centric Information Sharing Using Hierarchical Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Baltimore, MD, USA (June 2010 – Aug 2010). Programmer Analyst, Cognizant Technology Solutions, Chennai , India (Nov 2008 – July 2009...CollaborateCom), Crystal City , Virginia, November 11-14, 2009, pages 1-10. [3] Ravi Sandhu, Ram Krishnan, Jianwei Niu and William Winsborough, Group

  3. Alzheimer ja ämblikud - ühe niidi kaks otsa / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2015-01-01

    Ämblikuniit ja Alzheimeri tõbe põhjustavad naastud ajus on välimuselt peaaegu identsed ja tekivad bioloogiliselt sarnaselt. Tallinna Ülikooliga koostööd tegeva Rootsi teadlase Jan Johanssoni ja tema töörühma uurimistööst Alzheimeri tõvele ravi leidmiseks

  4. Plaadid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Keith Jarret/Gary Peacock/Jack DeJohnette "Up for it", Wladislaw Szpilman "The original recordings of the pianist", Emanuel Ax "Haydn Piano Sonatas", Ravi Coltrane "Mad 6", Guano Apes "Walking On A Thin Line", Will Young "From Now On", Janis Joplin "The Essential"

  5. Heteroepitaxial Diamond Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    signifi- minimize surface organic contaminants. The effects of sam- cantly damaging the epitaxial layers. The use of below pie charging XPS data...827. Thomas, R.J. Markunas, T.P. Humphreys, and R.J. Nemanich, 11. L.S. Plano , S. Yokota, and K.V. Ravi, Proc. 1st Int. Symp. in Wide Band-Gap

  6. Õiguse tõlgendamise ja argumenteerimise võimaluste kasutamine Eesti Vabariigi Riigikohtu praktikas. Riigikohtu halduskolleegiumi otsus asjas 3-3-1-29-12 / Raul Narits, Einar Vene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Narits, Raul, 1952-

    2014-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendist 3-3-1-29-12, milles oli vaidluse all Eesti Haigekassa otsus, mis puudutas ravi rahastamise lepingute sõlmimiseks eriarstiabi ja hooldusravi teenuste, nende mahu ja osutamise kohtade kinnitamist. Lahendiga muutis Riigikohtu halduskolleegium oma senist praktikat mitmes haldus- ja halduskohtumenetluses suurt tähtsust omavas küsimuses ning kujundas sellest tulenevalt uusi põhimõttelisi seisukohti

  7. Uusi võimalusi pakkuv kasulik bakter / Villu Päärt, Siim Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päärt, Villu, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Äsja võitis Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 avastaja Tartu Ülikooli professor Marika Mikelsaar koos kolleegidega Soulis ülemaailmsel naisleiutajate konkursil kuldmedali. Bakterite omaduste uurimine jätkub. Marika Mikelsaare juhtimisel katsetati kõhutüüfusesse nakatatud hiirte peal, millist mõju avaldab see, kui antibiootikumi ravi ajal anda hiirtele ka ME-3 sisaldavat probiootikumi

  8. Pool aastat Villa Benitaga : Riigikohtu halduskolleegiumi 29. novembri 2012 otsuse nr 3-3-1-29-12 mõju analüüs / Marelle Leppik, Maarja Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leppik, Marelle

    2013-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendist 3-3-1-29-12, milles oli vaidluse all Eesti Haigekassa otsus, mis puudutas ravi rahastamise lepingute sõlmimiseks eriarstiabi ja hooldusravi teenuste, nende mahu ja osutamise kohtade kinnitamist. Kaks riigikohtunikku jäid kohtuasjas eriarvamusele

  9. Liina Vahter aitab sclerosis multiplex'i põdejaid / Sergo Selder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Selder, Sergo

    2010-01-01

    Lääne-Tallinna keskhaigla närvihaiguste keskus on Eesti kõige suurem sclerosis multiplex'i kompleksse ravi keskus. Keskuse neuropsühholoogist Liina Vahterist, kes kaitses Tallinna Ülikoolis doktorikraadi, mille materjaliks kujunes SM keskuse töö ja patsiendid. Ta peab ka kliinilise psühholoogia loenguid Tallinna Ülikooli psühholoogia instituudis

  10. Russki "Tjulpan" pokoril lazurnõi bereg / Maria Davtjan, Tatjana Pinskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davtjan, Maria

    2008-01-01

    61. Cannes'i filmifestival on lõppenud. Vaatenurga preemia sai Kasahstani režissöör Sergei Dvortsevoi filmi "Tulp" ("Tjulpan") eest. Lisatud ka lühiintervjuu režissööriga. Ka mõnest filmist, nii auhinnatuist (Steven Soderbergh'i "Che", Clint Eastwoodi "Changeling") kui ilmajäänuist (Atom Egoyani "Adoration", Wim Wendersi "Palermo Shooting"), Sharon Stone'i juhitud heategevast AIDSi ravi toetavast oksjonist

  11. Improving Recovery from Catastrophic Bone Injuries: An Animal Model for Assessing the Bone Reparative Potential of Progenitor Cell Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    Liu, Y. Strecker, S., Wang, L., Kronenberg , M., Kalajzic, I. and Rowe, D. Characterizing the Osteogenic Potential of Mesenchymal Stem Cells and...Their Immediate Cellular Derivatives. J. Bone. Min. Res. 24: Suppl 1, Abst SA0220, 2009. 3. Kronenberg , M., Harrison, J., Ravi, N., Shin, D. and Rowe, D...Abst SA0227, 2009. 4. Harrison, J., Kronenberg , M. and Rowe, D. Tracking Expression of a Smooth Muscle Alpha- Actin-Red Fluorescent Protein (SMAA-RFP

  12. Delhi Dons question economics of Chamera hydel project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-03-01

    The economic feasibility of the Chamera hydroelectric project in India is discussed. This project is located on the Ravi River in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. It will have an underground powerhouse with an installed capacity of 540 MW with three turbines at 180 MW each. The research and estimated cost of the Chamera project are given. The time pattern of cash flow and the cost of electricity from the project are also discussed.

  13. Milk yield and season of calving in buffaloes and cattle in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.R. Bajwa

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Seasonality of calving and its association with milk yield was analyzed in Nili-Ravi buffaloes and compared with Sahiwal cattle and Sahiwal (x Friesian or Jersey crossbreds. Records of 9,174 lactations of Nili-Ravi buffaloes from four institutional herds, 22,499 lactations from five Sahiwal herds and 656 lactations from a crossbred cattle herd were used for comparison. All the herds were located in Punjab province of Pakistan where environment is tropical. Month of calving was important source of variation in lactation milk yield of Nili- Ravi buffaloes and Sahiwal cattle but not in crossbred cattle (due to wide variation. Interactions of month of calving with parity as well as with herd were significant (P<0.01 both for buffaloes and Sahiwal cattle. First parity lactation milk yield averaged 1813±23.2, 1305±11.0 and 2459±81.8 litres while averages of later parity animals were 1926±19.0, 1527±7.6 and 2842±54.2 litres for Nili-Ravi buffaloes, Sahiwal and crossbred cattle, respectively. Milk yield pattern in crossbreds was more similar to buffaloes than to Sahiwals. Yet, crossbreds calving in June produced statistically similar but numerically higher lactation milk yield (2950±170 litres than other months but this was not true for buffaloes and Sahiwals. Buffaloes and Sahiwal cows calving in January-February produced better lactation yields than those calving in other months. Different pattern of milk yield in the three dairy species can be used advantageously for sustainable milk supply throughout the year.

  14. Sex Difference in Susceptibility and Resistance to Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Chinchillas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-10-01

    depletion of cellular GSH can increase sensitivity to damage. In organ culture, cisplatin has been shown to increase Superoxide dismutase (SOD...individually non-traumatic could combine to produce substantial hearing loss and hair cell damage in chinchillas. If cisplatin depletes GSH and other...compound that increases GSH and GSH -peroxidase activity, significantly reduced threshold shifts in rats treated with cisplatin , and Ravi et al

  15. Bio-Mechatronics: From Insects to In-Vivo Mechatronics

    OpenAIRE

    Vaidyanathan, Ravi

    2013-01-01

    The Department of Automatic Control & Systems Engineering is pleased to announce the following seminar: Bio-Mechatronics: From Insects to In-Vivo Mechatronics Dr Ravi Vaidyanathan Department of Mechanical Engineering Imperial College Wednesday, 25th September 2013 at 14:00, LT02, Sir Henry Stephenson Building Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of precision engineering, electronic control, and systems thinking in the design of products and manufacturing processes. Bio-Mechatron...

  16. Engineering Bacterial Thiosulfate and Tetrathionate Sensors for Detecting Gut Inflammation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-03

    interest in using genetically engineered sensor bacteria to study gut microbiota pathways, and diagnose or treat associated diseases. Here, we...understood. Genetically engineered sensor bacteria have untapped potential as tools for analyzing gut pathways. Bacteria have evolved sensors of a large...Article Engineering bacterial thiosulfate and tetrathionate sensors for detecting gut inflammation Kristina N-M Daeffler1 , Jeffrey D Galley2, Ravi U

  17. A Computer System for Menu Evaluation and Related Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-11-01

    C00500 606000 ROAST BEEF BAKED HAM CREAM «RAVY PAPRIKA BUTTERED POTATOES LYONNAISE CARROTS CAULIFLOWER AU «RATIN SIMMERED BLACKEYE PEAS BUTTERED...002930 H00230 602000 60*000 C00500 608000 608500 PEA SOUP CRACKERS PORK CHOP SUEY TURKEY POT PIE OSBRIEN POTATOES STEAMED RICE BUTTERED... potatoes ) and finally by recipe portion cost (for 100 portions) from high to low. The recipe portion costs in each major category (1-9

  18. Evaluation of Historic Indo-Pak Relations, Water Resource Issues and Its impact on Contemporary Bilateral Affairs

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Tayyab Sohail; Huang Delin; Aqsa Siddiq; Farwa Idrees; Sidra Arshad; RehanMuhammad

    2015-01-01

    Being developed countries both Pakistan and India are striving for the economic development. Pakistan and India share a 1610 km long border. They share same language, dress and culture and also six watercourses, namely the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas, along with their numerous tributaries. Pakistan, like other countries of the region depends heavily on agriculture, with the greater part of the population relying on it for livelihood. As a result, water is not only...

  19. Development of HgCdSe for Third Generation Focal Plane Arrays using Molecular Beam Epitaxy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    chemomechanical polishing, or CMP ), or submerging the material and applying a potential difference ( electrochemical polishing). In addition to reducing...as Nate England, Eric Schires, and Dr. Ravi Droopad their work setting up the molecular beam epitaxy growth and characterization systems for the...would like to thank Dr. Craig H. Swartz at Texas State University—San Marcos for his work on the electrical characterization of Hg1-xCdxSe, and Dr

  20. Liina Vahter aitab sclerosis multiplex'i põdejaid / Sergo Selder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Selder, Sergo

    2010-01-01

    Lääne-Tallinna keskhaigla närvihaiguste keskus on Eesti kõige suurem sclerosis multiplex'i kompleksse ravi keskus. Keskuse neuropsühholoogist Liina Vahterist, kes kaitses Tallinna Ülikoolis doktorikraadi, mille materjaliks kujunes SM keskuse töö ja patsiendid. Ta peab ka kliinilise psühholoogia loenguid Tallinna Ülikooli psühholoogia instituudis

  1. The MSOM Society Student Paper Competition: Extended Abstracts of 2000 Winners

    OpenAIRE

    Jérémie Gallien; Serguei Netessine; Maher Lahmar; Hakan Ergan; Sergei V. Savin; Michael J Fry

    2001-01-01

    Each year the Manufacturing and Service Operations Management (MSOM) Society of INFORMS conducts a student paper competition. In Volume 2, Issue 2 of M&SOM, we published the extended abstracts of the 1999 winners in the hopes that this could become an annual event. Our hopes have become a reality. Sridhar Seshadri and Ravi Anupindi, New York University, cochaired the 2000 competition. The judges for the final round were Garrett van Ryzin, Columbia University; Yehuda Bassok, University of Sout...

  2. Russki "Tjulpan" pokoril lazurnõi bereg / Maria Davtjan, Tatjana Pinskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davtjan, Maria

    2008-01-01

    61. Cannes'i filmifestival on lõppenud. Vaatenurga preemia sai Kasahstani režissöör Sergei Dvortsevoi filmi "Tulp" ("Tjulpan") eest. Lisatud ka lühiintervjuu režissööriga. Ka mõnest filmist, nii auhinnatuist (Steven Soderbergh'i "Che", Clint Eastwoodi "Changeling") kui ilmajäänuist (Atom Egoyani "Adoration", Wim Wendersi "Palermo Shooting"), Sharon Stone'i juhitud heategevast AIDSi ravi toetavast oksjonist

  3. Comparison of Fatty Acid and Cholesterol Content of Pakistani Water Buffalo Breeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. Bhanger

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Present study evaluates the milk fatty acid (FA composition and cholesterol content of two main Pakistani dairy breeds water buffaloes, i.e. Kundi and Nili-Ravi (n = 25 for each breed. The buffaloes were housed together and received the same diet. The results show a significant variation (P < 0.05 in the FA content of the two breeds. The milk fat of Kundi buffalo was found to contain significantly lower (P < 0.05 amount of saturated fatty acid content than Nili-Ravi buffaloes (66.96 and 69.09 g/100 g. Determined mean monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA contents (27.62 vs. 25.20 g/100g and total trans fatty acids (3.48 vs. 2.48 were significantly elevated (P < 0.05 in the milk fat of Kundi buffaloes. Amount of fat and conjugated linoleic acid content was higher (P = 0.04 in Kundi buffalo as compared to Nili-Ravi buffaloes (7.00 vs. 7.78 g /100g and 0.80 vs. 0.71g / 100g, while cholesterol content was not different among both breeds ranging from 8.89 – 10.24 mg /dl. Present studies show that in future genetic selection programs along with altered buffalo nutrition may be able to result in optimum levels of various fatty acids in milk.

  4. Evaluation of AMPK Genes as Candidates for Production Traits in Buffalo Breeds of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Hussain

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The 5’-activated protein kinase (AMPK also called PRKA is a heterotrimeric protein complex that regulates cellular metabolism in response to nutritional stress in mammals. Total length of AMPK gene is 6500 base pairs. AMPK γ3 has 884 base pairs comprises of exon 3, intron 3 and exon 4. AMPK γ3 gene was studied on DNA from three buffalo breeds (Nili, Ravi and Nili Ravi of Pakistan. Amplification of this region was done from position 918 in exon to position 1802 just downstream of exon 4, using primers U1A-GAGCAAGGAGACAGCACTTCA (918-938 and U2B-ACCTGTAGCATGGTGTC GAAGA (1781- 1802 with Amplictaq Gold, at annealing temperature 60oC. Sequencing of PRKA γ3 UP SEQ1 5’-GACCTCAGCATCCAGGCT and PRKA γ3 UP SEQ2 5’-GACAGTAACTCCATCTTCCA was done. The results showed that at position 1069, Allelic frequency of C/T was 0.35, T/T was 0.05 and frequency of C/C was 0.40. At position 1343, frequency of A/G was 0.1 and A/A was 0.9. At 1381 position, frequency of C/T was 0.35, T/T was 0.05 and C/C was 0.6. At position 1488, the A/G was 0.35, A/A was 0.05and G/G was 0.6. The detected SNP at 1343 is A/G which is the ancient haplotypes of PRKAG3 in Nili Ravi buffalo breeds from Pakistan. These SNPs in AMPK gene can be used as marker for efficient utilization of energy in these three buffalo breeds of Pakistan that will increase the economic returns to farmers.

  5. A New In Vitro Model of Breast Cancer Metastasis to Bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 and 10–8 M menadione. The hFOB 1.19 line was conditionally immortalized by transfection with a gene encoding for the...2007) 24:385. Proceedings of the 11th International Congress of the Metastasis Research Society. Krishnan V1, Ravi D2 , Vogler EA1,2, and A.M...buffered medium containing various nutrients (e.g., amino acids, glucose, serum proteins, vitamins ). As cells grow, nutrients are depleted, waste

  6. Techniques for Exploiting Unlabeled Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    Moore, Ar- jit Singh, Jure Leskovec, Stano Funiak, Andreas Krause, Gaurav Veda, John Lang - ford, R. Ravi, Peter Lee, Srinath Sridhar, Virginia Vassilevska...based on ²-cover size, e.g., Benedek et al.[7]. The idea here is that suppose we have a known distribution D and we identify some hypothesis h that has...examples. Journal of Machine Learning Research, 7:2399–2434, 2006. 2.1.2, 5.1.2 [7] G.M. Benedek and A. Itai. Learnability with respect to a fixed

  7. Descripción de gemelos siameses de Bubalus bubalis bubalis (Búfalo), Sucre, Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Jaime De La Ossa V; Luis Altahona B

    2010-01-01

    El presente trabajo muestra el hallazgo de gemelos siameses de Bubalus bubalis bubalis (Murrah x Nili Ravi) en una la finca, dedicada a la explotación de esta especie de ganado y ubicada en el municipio de San Marcos, departamento de Sucre, Colombia. Los neonatos siameses se identificaron por las características externas con respecto al tipo de unión como isquiópagos sincéfalos. Se presentan datos de la necropsia y se describen órganos y estructuras internas de los animales.

  8. Descripción de gemelos siameses de Bubalus bubalis bubalis (Búfalo, Sucre, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime De La Ossa V

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo muestra el hallazgo de gemelos siameses de Bubalus bubalis bubalis (Murrah x Nili Ravi en una la finca, dedicada a la explotación de esta especie de ganado y ubicada en el municipio de San Marcos, departamento de Sucre, Colombia. Los neonatos siameses se identificaron por las características externas con respecto al tipo de unión como isquiópagos sincéfalos. Se presentan datos de la necropsia y se describen órganos y estructuras internas de los animales.

  9. Lääne pensionärid suunavad ravimitööstust üle maailma / Violetta Riidas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riidas, Violetta

    2008-01-01

    Ravimitootjate Liidu juhatuse esimees ja Glaxosmithkline Eesti juht Akshay Mody sõnul tahetakse arendada võimalikult häid ravimeid, kuid samas tuleb arvestada, et ollakse kasumit teeniv ettevõte, kes peab aktsionäridele raha tooma. Ravimiameti peadirektori asetäitja Alar Irs arvates on halb, et varem perefirmadena tegutsenud ettevõtted on muutunud rahvusvahelisteks kontsernideks, mis on orienteeritud eelkõige kasumlikkusele. Vt. samas: Ligi poole ravimiturust hõlmas Põhja-Ameerika; Violetta Riidas. Personaliseeritud ravi on veel kallis; Akshay Mody. Ravimiarendus sõltub baasteadusest

  10. A certain ambiguity a mathematical novel

    CERN Document Server

    Suri, Gaurav

    2010-01-01

    While taking a class on infinity at Stanford in the late 1980s, Ravi Kapoor discovers that he is confronting the same mathematical and philosophical dilemmas that his mathematician grandfather had faced many decades earlier--and that had landed him in jail. Charged under an obscure blasphemy law in a small New Jersey town in 1919, Vijay Sahni is challenged by a skeptical judge to defend his belief that the certainty of mathematics can be extended to all human knowledge--including religion. Together, the two men discover the power--and the fallibility--of what has long been considered the pinn

  11. Elulähedus enne ja nüüd / Marin Roose

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roose, Marin

    1991-01-01

    Kirjandusmuuseumi kevadsessioon 24. ja 25. mail Nüplis. Ülevaade ettekannetest: Piret Noorhani "Tagasi maailma lõpust", Mihkel Volt "Romantiline kunstnikumüüt ja orbiitlus", Marin Laak "Eesti kirjanikud eluläheduse kaevikuis", Pekka Erelt "Sõda A. Kivikase loomingus", Toomas Muru "Marginaale arbujate elulähedasest vaimulähedusest", Arne Merilai "Lähemale elulähedusele", Peeter Olesk "Vaimulähedus 1960. aastatel. Aga elu?", Piret Viires "Haiguste ravi, kontrollitud, Eesti noor proosa ja elulähedus"

  12. RETRACTED: Auricular prosthesis fabrication using computer-aided design and rapid prototyping technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Mayank

    2016-06-01

    At the request of the editorMayank Shah 'Auricular prosthesis fabrication using computer-aided design and rapid prototyping technologies' Prosthetics and Orthotics International, published online before print on October 8, 2013 as doi:10.1177/0309364613504779has been retracted. This is because it contains unattributed overlap withK. Subburaj, C. Nair, S. Rajesh, S. M. Meshram, B. Ravi 'Rapid development of auricular prosthesis using CAD and rapid prototyping technologies' International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery 2007; 36: 938-943 doi:10.1016/j.ijom.2007.07.013. © The International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics 2014.

  13. The role of MC1R gene in buffalo coat color

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) plays a major role in pigmentation in many species.To investigate if the MC1R gene is associated with coat color in water buffalo,the coding region of MC1R gene of 216 buffalo samples was sequenced,which included 49 black river buffalo (Murrah and Nili-Ravi),136 swamp buffalo (Dehong,Diandongnan,Dechang,Guizhou,and Xilin) with white and gray body,and 31 hybrid offspring of river buffalo Nili-Ravi (or Murrah) and swamp buffalo.Among the three variation sites found,SNP684 was synonymous,while SNP310 and SNP384 were nonsynonymous,leading to p.S104G and p.I128M changes,respectively.Only Individuals carrying homozygote EBR/EBR were black.The genotype and phenotype analysis of the hybrid offspring of black river buffalo and gray swamp buffalo further revealed that the river buffalo type allele EBR or the allele carrying the amino acid p.104S was important for the full function of MC1R.The in silico functional analysis showed that the amino acid substitutions p.G104S and p.M128I had significant impact on the function of MC1R.Above results indicate that the allele EBR or the allele carrying the amino acid p.104S was associated with the black coat color in buffalo.

  14. Targeted treatments for multiple myeloma: specific role of carfilzomib

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugumar D

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Dhivya Sugumar,1 Jesse Keller,2 Ravi Vij2 1Department of Internal Medicine, St Mary’s Health Center, 2Department of Medicine, Division of Oncology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, USA Abstract: Carfilzomib is a selective, irreversible proteasome inhibitor, initially approved in the US in 2012 as single-agent therapy for relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. Numerous Phase II studies have evaluated carfilzomib in the relapsed and refractory as well as the newly diagnosed setting, and Phase III studies are entering their final analysis. Data continue to grow to support its use as both single-agent therapy and in combination with immunomodulatory and other novel agents. This review discusses the role of carfilzomib in the treatment of multiple myeloma. Its mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, and role in clinical management will be reviewed. Keywords: relapsed and refractory, targeted therapy, proteasome inhibitor, novel agents

  15. Genetic diversity revealed in commercial varieties of Chrysanthemum (Dendranthemagrandiflora using RAPD markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.Lalitha Kameswari1, G.Anuradha2 , M. Pratap3and Hameedunnisabegum4

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Molecular characterization using RAPD analysis was carried out in 37 chrysanthemum genotypes.With 27 RAPD primers, total of 278 amplified fragments were scored.Out of which 271 were found to be polymorphic (97.4%. The genetic similarity ranged from a coefficient of 0.174 to 0.600 with an average similarity coefficient of 0.387 indicating a moderate diversity among the group of genotypes studied. In the present study, Ratlam Selection and Snow Cem were found to be the most genetically similar (0.60 followed by Akitha and Shintome with 55.3%. Cluster analysis based on UPGMA method led to the classification of genotypes intofour major clusters and seven minor clusters with one genotype each in cluster V (Arka Ravi, VI (Meera, VII(Asha, VIII(Silper, IX(Autumn Joy, X (Lilith and cluster XI (Chandrika.

  16. A Novel approach of Esthetic Management and preserving Vitality of Dilacerated Permanent Maxillary Lateral Incisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravi, GR

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Dilaceration of the permanent tooth usually is a consequence of traumatic injuries to the primary teeth. Although it may appear anywhere in the long axis of the tooth, i.e., crown, cementoenamel junction, or root, most often the root is involved. However, crown dilaceration is a rare condition representing 3% of the total injuries. Maxillary incisors are more susceptible to such injury and affected tooth may either erupt buccally or lingually or remain impacted. Hitherto, the treatment options also differ as per the clinical scenario. This article proposes a novel technique of restoring esthetic function of the affected permanent maxillary lateral incisor with crown-root dilaceration while preserving the vitality of tooth. How to cite this article: Achary RC, Ravi GR. A Novel approach of Esthetic Management and preserving Vitality of Dilacerated Permanent Maxillary Lateral Incisor. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):152-155. PMID:27365939

  17. First Record of Ticks in Free-Ranging Giant Otter (Pteronura brasiliensis in the Brazilian Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando César Weber Rosas

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Decline in the populations of the Smooth-coated Otter throughout its range of distribution and a perception that it is a 'keystone species' for riverine ecosystem stirred the idea of the presented paper. The species inhabits major freshwater wetlands throughout the south and south-east Asia and often comes into the direct conflict with humans for food and habitat. Further the species is also suffering with neglecting attitude and mismanagement due to lack of baseline information. Thus WWF India initiated the conservation work towards the documentation of the distribution of the species in Punjab in 2010. State wide population assessment surveys and secondary information obtained shows the occurrence of smooth-coated otters along some stretches of Rivers Beas, Sutlej and Ravi and Harike wetland in Punjab.

  18. A Novel approach of Esthetic Management and preserving Vitality of Dilacerated Permanent Maxillary Lateral Incisor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achary, Ravindranath C; Ravi, G R

    2016-01-01

    Dilaceration of the permanent tooth usually is a consequence of traumatic injuries to the primary teeth. Although it may appear anywhere in the long axis of the tooth, i.e., crown, cementoenamel junction, or root, most often the root is involved. However, crown dilaceration is a rare condition representing 3% of the total injuries. Maxillary incisors are more susceptible to such injury and affected tooth may either erupt buccally or lingually or remain impacted. Hitherto, the treatment options also differ as per the clinical scenario. This article proposes a novel technique of restoring esthetic function of the affected permanent maxillary lateral incisor with crown-root dilaceration while preserving the vitality of tooth. How to cite this article: Achary RC, Ravi GR. A Novel approach of Esthetic Management and preserving Vitality of Dilacerated Permanent Maxillary Lateral Incisor. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):152-155.

  19. EFFECT OF EXOGENOUS GnRH AND PGF2 ON POSTPARTUM ESTROUS ACTIVITY AND FERTILITY OF BUFFALOES DURING LOW BREEDING SEASON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafiq H. Usmani

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available Pluriparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes (n = 18 which calved during the months of November to July were treated with a single injection of 50 g of GnRH on day 30 postpartum followed by an injection of 150 g of PGF2 seven days later. Response of hormonal treatment in terms of induced estrus within 96 hours after the injection of PGF2 was 27.8%. Only 3 buffaloes conceived at the induced estrus giving an overall fertility response of 16.7%. During first three months postpartum, 61.1% of buffaloes resumed observable estrous activity with a mean postpartum interval of 53.71+15.6 days. Ten of eighteen buffaloes (55.5% became pregnant within 90 days postpartum with an average postpartum interval of 63.01+20.0 days. Retrospective grouping of experimental buffaloes that received hormonal treatment during initial stage (n=9 or terminal stage (n=9 of the low breeding season revealed that the estrus response (within 96 hours was higher during initial than the terminal stage (44.4 vs 11.1%; P<0.05. Cumulative estrous activity during first 90 days postpartum was also higher during the initial stage (77.7 vs 44.4%; P<0.05. The mean postpartum intervals to first observed estrus (47 .3 vs 64.5 days and to conception (56.8 vs 72.5 days were significantly shorter during the initial than the terminal stage of low breeding season. It is concluded that during the low breeding season, the early postpartum Nili-Ravi buffaloes show poor response to exogenous GnRH plus PGF2 treatment, in terms of induced estrus and subsequent fertility. The efficiency of hormonal treatment is; however, comparatively better during the initial than the terminal stage of low breeding season.

  20. Obituary: Ravinder Lal Kapur, M.D. 1938-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajit V. Bhide

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Prof. Ravinder Lal Kapur expired on Friday, 24 November 2006, at Bellagio, Italy, while on a sabbatical. The rude shock of this sudden demise from myocardial infarction shook his immediate family and a huge fraternity of friends, colleagues, students, patients and admirers. Our hearts go out to his beloved wife, Prof. Malavika Kapur, a clinical psychologist, Dr. Svapna Sabnis, paediatrician, his daughter and Dr. Sharad Kapur, his IT entrepreneur son. The fourth of five children and the only son of a respected doctor, he was born in pre-partition West Punjab in 1938. For many years later, Ravi would recall the horrors of the partition he saw at very close quarters, when he had to flee to India on a train. It shaped his attitude to violence, which he abhorred with an uncommon passion. He later sublimated this sense of horror by working with terrorists, trying to understand their psyche.The family eventually settled in Amritsar, where his father's practice picked up. Ravi did his medical graduation there and excelled in studies as well as in extra curricular activities, particularly singing and dramatics.After his medical degree, he was determined to take up psychiatry despite many of his clinical professors urging him to take up their respective specialities. Being preoccupied with the need to understand the mysteries of the mind, the advice of Prof. Vidyasagar and Prof. Neki spurred him to seek admission at the distant All India Institute of Mental Health (the present NIMHANS, already a Mecca for psychiatry and clinical psychology, at Bangalore. At AIIMH, he not only won a distinction at the D. P. M exam, but also the heart of Malavika Karanth, a clinical psychology student whom he married.[No abstract available.

  1. Nimotuzumab plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a multicenter, randomized, open-label Phase II study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babu KG

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available K Govind Babu,1 Kumar Prabhash,2 Ashok K Vaid,3 Bhawna Sirohi,3 Ravi B Diwakar,4 Raghunadha Rao,5 Madhuchanda Kar,6 Hemant Malhotra,7 Shona Nag,8 Chanchal Goswami,9 Vinod Raina,10 Ravi Mohan111Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore, 2Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, 3Artemis Health Institute, Delhi, 4Bangalore Institute of Oncology, Bangalore, 5Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, 6B R Singh Hospital, Kolkata, 7Birla Cancer Centre, Jaipur, 8Jehangir Hospital, Pune, 9B P Poddar Hospital and Medical Research Ltd, Kolkata, 10Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital, New Delhi, 11King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam, IndiaBackground: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of nimotuzumab in combination with chemotherapy (docetaxel and carboplatin versus chemotherapy alone in patients with stage IIIB/IV non-small-cell lung cancer.Methods: This multicenter, open-label, Phase II study randomized 110 patients to receive nimotuzumab plus chemotherapy (nimotuzumab group or chemotherapy alone (control group, and comprised concomitant, maintenance, and follow-up phases. Nimotuzumab 200 mg was administered once weekly for 13 weeks during the first two phases with four cycles of chemotherapy and docetaxel 75 mg/m2 and carboplatin (area under the curve 5 mg/mL*min every 3 weeks for a maximum of four cycles during the concomitant phase. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (sum of complete response and partial response. Secondary endpoints, ie, overall survival and progression-free survival, were estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Efficacy was evaluated on the intent-to-treat and efficacy-evaluable sets. Safety was assessed from adverse event and serious adverse event data.Results: The objective response rate was significantly higher in the nimotuzumab group than in the control group in the intent-to-treat population (54% versus 34.5%; P=0.04. A complete response and partial response were achieved in 3

  2. The efficacy and safety of adalimumab in ocular inflammatory disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arcinue CA

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Cheryl A Arcinue,1,2 Khayyam Durrani,1–3 Pichaporn Artornsombudh,1,2 Alaa Radwan,1,2 Ravi Parikh,1,2 Ana M Suelves,1,2 Sana S Siddique,1,2 Ian Chang,1,2 Janine M Preble,1,2 Charles Stephen Foster1–3 1Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institution, 2Ocular Immunology and Uveitis Foundation, Cambridge, 3Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adalimumab in the management of ocular inflammation at our institution. Methods: We performed a review of all patients with active ocular inflammation treated with adalimumab at our institution. Results: Seventy eyes of 49 patients were reviewed. The mean duration of follow-up was 19.6 months. Therapy with an average of 2.1 immunomodulatory agents had been attempted prior to adalimumab therapy. At 1-year follow-up, adalimumab was effective in achieving quiescence in 33 eyes (47%. The most common side effects were injection-site reactions, arthralgias, and nausea, occurring in two patients each. Adalimumab was discontinued due to side effects in 12 patients. Conclusion: These results suggest that adalimumab is an effective and safe therapeutic modality in ocular inflammation. Keywords: uveitis, biologic response modifier, TNF-α, adverse effects, therapeutic outcomes, scleritis, peripheral ulcerative keratitis

  3. Critical appraisal of a fixed combination of esomeprazole and low dose aspirin in risk reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Vachhani

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Ravi Vachhani1, Doumit Bouhaidar1, Alvin Zfass1, Bimaljit Sandhu1, Ali Nawras21Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia 23298–0341, USA; 2Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, Ohio 43606-3390, USAAbstract: Low dose aspirin (≤325 mg is routinely used for primary and secondary prophylaxis of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. The use of low dose aspirin is associated with two-to four-fold greater risk of symptomatic or complicated peptic ulcers. Risk factors associated with low dose aspirin induced gastrointestinal toxicity includes prior history of ulcer or upper gastrointestinal (GI bleeding, concomitant use of other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroid or warfarin, dual antiplatelet therapy, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori infection, and advanced age. Esomeprazole, like other proton pump inhibitors (PPIs is very effective in decreasing the risk of aspirin induced gastrointestinal toxicity. Although evidence to support esomeprazole or other PPIs for primary prophylaxis in aspirin induced gastrointestinal toxicity is limited, its role in secondary prophylaxis is well established.Keywords: esomeprazole, proton pump inhibitors, low dose aspirin, gastrointestinal toxicity, gastrointestinal bleeding

  4. EFFECT OF ANTIBIOTICS IN EXTENDER ON FERTILITY OF LIQUID BUFFALO BULL SEMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. AKHTER, M. SAJJAD, S. M. H. ANDRABI1, N. ULLAH1 AND M. QAYYUM

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to determine if a new antibiotic combination comprising of gentamycin, tylosin and linco-spectin (GTLS in extender is suitable for improvement in fertility of liquid buffalo bull semen through artificial insemination (AI. Two consecutive ejaculates per week (4 weeks were collected from three Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls of known fertility by using artificial vagina. The pooled ejaculates were split-sampled and diluted with skimmed milk extender (37oC; 10x106 motile spermatozoa/ml containing either SP (streptomycin 1000 μg/ml and penicillin 1000 iu/ml or GTLS (gentamycin 500 μg/ml, tylosin 100 μg/ml, lincomycin 300 μg/ml, and spectinomycin 600 μg/ml. Liquid semen was stored at 5°C for seven days. Fertility, based on 90-days first service pregnancy rate, was determined under field conditions. The fertility rates for SP-based vs. GTLS-containing liquid semen of buffalo bull were 58.55 and 60.00%, respectively, the difference was non significant. The fertility rates also did not differ (P>0.05 due to antibiotics at different days of storage of liquid semen at 5oC. In conclusion, GTLS, in skimmed milk extender compared to SP, did not significantly improve the fertility of chilled buffalo bull semen.

  5. Improved approximations for robust mincut and shortest path

    CERN Document Server

    Polishchuk, Valentin

    2010-01-01

    In two-stage robust optimization the solution to a problem is built in two stages: In the first stage a partial, not necessarily feasible, solution is exhibited. Then the adversary chooses the "worst" scenario from a predefined set of scenarios. In the second stage, the first-stage solution is extended to become feasible for the chosen scenario. The costs at the second stage are larger than at the first one, and the objective is to minimize the total cost paid in the two stages. We give a 2-approximation algorithm for the robust mincut problem and a ({\\gamma}+2)-approximation for the robust shortest path problem, where {\\gamma} is the approximation ratio for the Steiner tree. This improves the factors (1+\\sqrt2) and 2({\\gamma}+2) from [Golovin, Goyal and Ravi. Pay today for a rainy day: Improved approximation algorithms for demand-robust min-cut and shortest path problems. STACS 2006]. In addition, our solution for robust shortest path is simpler and more efficient than the earlier ones; this is achieved by a...

  6. Replantation of Displaced Underlying Successor and Marsupialization of Radicular Cyst associated with a Primary Molar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravi, GR

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Radicular cysts are by far the most common cystic lesions of the jaw. However, those arising from primary teeth are comparatively rare, comprising only 0.5 to 3.3%. The aim of this paper is to present clinical, radiographic and histopathological characteristics of radicular cyst associated with a primary mandibular molar causing unusual displacement of the permanent successor. Extraction of primary tooth along with extirpation of cyst was done under local anesthesia. The displaced premolar was also extracted and then replanted in the socket after proper alignment. Healing was uneventful and the space of missing primary molar was maintained by band and loop space maintainer. The relationship between intracanal medicaments and rapid growth of cyst, as mentioned in literature was observed in our case too. Thus, pulpotomy treated primary teeth should receive periodic postoperative radiographic examination and absence of clinical symptoms does not mean that a pulpotomy treated tooth is healthy. How to cite this article: Lamba G, Ravi GR. Replantation of Displaced Underlying Successor and Marsupialization of Radicular Cyst associated with a Primary Molar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(1):70-74. PMID:26124586

  7. Serotype Distribution and Demographics of Dengue Patients in a Tertiary Hospital of Lahore, Pakistan during the 2011 Epidemic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad MUNIR

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The dengue outbreak in Lahore, Pakistan during 2011 was unprecedented in terms of its severity and magnitude. This research aims to determine the serotype distribution of the dengue virus during this outbreak and classify the patients demographically. 5ml of venous blood was drawn aseptically from 166 patients with dengue like signs to test for the virus between the months of August to November 2011. The samples were sent to CDC, Atlanta, Georgia for the purpose of molecular assays to determine their serotype. RT-PCR protocol was performed targeting the 4 dengue serotypes. Out of 166 cases, dengue infection was detected with RT-PCR in 95 cases, all infected with the same serotype DEN-2. 75 % of positive cases were males while 25 % were females. Most positive patients were in the age range of 16 - 30 years. 33 % positive cases had accompanying bleeding. This is first study during the 2011 dengue epidemic in Lahore that reports DEN-2 as the only prevalent serotype. It also indicates that more infected patients were males, adults, within the age range of 16 - 30 years, the epidemic peaked in the month of November, Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF is manifested more in females, and that Ravi town was heavily hit by the dengue virus infection.

  8. Evaluation of ultraviolet light toxicity on cultured retinal pigment epithelial and retinal ganglion cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sankarathi Balaiya

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Sankarathi Balaiya, Ravi K Murthy, Vikram S Brar, Kakarla V ChalamDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, USAPurpose: Our study is aimed at evaluating the role of UVB light in inducing cytotoxicity in an in vitro model.Methods: RGC-5 and ARPE-19 cells were exposed to different time periods of UVB light: 0, 15, 30, and 45 min. They were subsequently examined for changes in cell morphology, cell viability (neutral red uptake assay, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS, expression of bax, bcl-2 and cytochome C by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and western blot, respectively.Results: Dose-dependent reduction in cell viability to UVB light was demonstrated with parallel increase in ROS. Increased duration of exposure (>15 minutes, was associated with increased expression of bax and cytochrome C, and absence of bcl-2 expression.Conclusion: UVB light exposure results in cell cytotoxicity. The concomitant generation of ROS and expression of apoptotic markers suggests the role of oxidative stress in UVB-mediated apoptosis in an in vitro model of retinal ganglion and pigment epithelial cells.Keywords: ultraviolet light, retinal pigment epithelium, retinal ganglion cell, reactive oxygen species, cytochrome C

  9. Bringing Astronomy Directly to New Audiences (50,000 People) at Outdoor Concerts and Music Festivals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, D.

    2014-07-01

    My NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) has brought astronomy to 50,000 music lovers at the National Mall (co-sponsor OSTP); Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Ravinia, or Tanglewood music festivals; and classical, folk, pop/rock, opera, Caribbean, or county-western concerts in parks assisted by astronomy clubs (55 events since 2009). Yo-Yo-Ma, the Chicago and Boston Symphony Orchestras, Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Tony Orlando, and Wilco performed at these events. MAUS combines solar, optical, and radio telescope observations; large posters/banners (From the Earth to the Universe; Visions of the Universe); videos; hands-on activities (Night Sky Network; Harvard-Smithsonian CfA); imaging with a cell phone mount; and hand-outs (info on science museums, astronomy clubs, and citizen science) before and after the concerts or at intermission. MAUS reached underserved groups and attracted large enthusiastic crowds. Many young children participated in this family learning experience-often the first time they looked through a telescope. Outcomes: While < 50% of the participants took part in a science museum or activity in the past year (survey result), they found MAUS enjoyable and understandable; learned about astronomy; wanted to learn more; and increased their interest in science (ave. rating 3.6/4). Taking science directly to people is effective in promoting science education!

  10. EFFECT OF LEVEL OF CONCENTRATE SUPPLEMENTATION ON GROWTH RATE AND AGE AT MATURITY IN GROWING BUFFALO HEIFERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. RAFIQ, M. A. CHAUDHRY AND M. A. JABBAR

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to observe the effect of supplementation of concentrate mixture alongwith green fodder on growth rate and age of maturity in growing buffalo heifers. Twenty seven heifers of Nili-Ravi buffalo, with 18-21 months of age and on an average 280.0 Kg body weight, were randomly divided into three groups A, B and C, with 9 animals in each group. All the groups were given chaffed green fodder ad lib. on group feeding basis. In addition, heifers of groups A and B were given 2.0 and 4.0 kg of concentrate mixture per head per day, while the group C received no concentrate and was kept as control. Daily green fodder consumption was 32.5, 30.00 and 37.50 Kg, with a growth rate of 0.558, 0.659 and 0.354 Kg in groups A, B and C, respectively. The age at maturity averaged 774, 728 and 993 days, while body weights were 411, 431 and 388 Kg in respective groups. The results revealed that the maturity age was significantly reduced (P<0.01 by concentrate supplementation compared with fodder alone. Cost of rearing of buffalo heifers up to age of maturity was 5829.00, 6862.00 and 8747.00 rupees in respective groups. Rearing of buffalo heifers on green fodder ad lib. alongwith supplementation of 2 Kg of concentrate mixture was economical.

  11. Open Praxis, volumen 4 issue 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Open Praxis

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available - Correlation between Performance and Quality of Academic Staff in National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN Olubiyi Adeniyi Adewale, Timothy Olugbenga Ajadi & Juliet O.Inegbedion (1-7 - Benchmarking E-Learning in UK Universities: Lessons from and for the International Context Paul Bacsich (9-17 - Structural equation modelling of factors affecting success in student’s performance in ODL-Programs: Extending Quality Management concepts Per Bergamin, Simone Ziska & Rudolf Groner (18-25 - Quality Assurance in Open and Distance Learning in India S.K. Gandhe (26-32 - Leading innovative approaches to the financial crisis Sarah Guri-Rosenblit (33-38 - TOWARDS KNOWLEDGE BASED ECONOMIES - the contribution of open distance learning strategies in addressing equity and inclusiveness issues in small states like Mauritius Jheengut (39-63 - New Approaches to Quality Assurance in the Changing World of Higher Education Maria Jose Lemaitre (64-75 - Entrepreneurship: New Challenges for Higher Education Institutions Josep Lladós (76-87 - A Psychometric Study in the Performance of Distance learners Ravi K Mahajan (88-94 - Managing Quality Assurance for Distance Learning Programs in Malaysia Mohd Ismail Ramli (95-101 - Employability and lifelong learning Hazel Simmons-McDonald (102-113

  12. Measurement of soil radioactivity levels and radiation hazard assessment in southern Rechna interfluvial region, Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabbar, Abdul; Arshed, Waheed; Bhatti, Arshad Saleem; Ahmad, Syed Salman; Akhter, Perveen; Rehman, Saeed-Ur; Anjum, Muhammad Iftikhar

    2010-10-01

    Rechna interfluvial region is one of the main regions of Punjab, Pakistan. It is the area which is lying between River Ravi and River Chenab, alluvial-filled. Radioactivity levels in soil samples, collected from southern Rechna interfluvial region, Pakistan, have been estimated by using gamma-ray spectrometric technique. (226)Ra, (232)Th, the primordial radionuclide (40)K, and the artificial radionuclide (137)Cs have been measured in the soil of the study area. The mean radioactivity levels of (226)Ra, (232)Th, (40)K, and (137)Cs were found to be 50.6 +/- 1.7, 62.3 +/- 3.2, 662.2 +/- 32.1, and 3.1 +/- 0.3 Bq kg(-1), respectively. The mean radium equivalent activity (Ra(eq)), outdoor radiation hazard index (H(out)), indoor radiation hazard index (H(in)), and terrestrial absorbed dose rate for the area under study were determined as 190.8 +/- 8.7 Bq kg(-1), 0.52, 0.65, and 69.8 nGy h(-1), respectively. The annual effective dose to the general public was found to be 0.43 mSv. This value lies well below the limit of 1 mSv for general public as recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection. The measured values are comparable with other global radioactivity measurements and are found to be safe for the public and the environment.

  13. Haptic Holography/Touching the Ethereal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Michael

    2013-02-01

    Haptic Holography, was perhaps, first proposed by workers at MIT in the 90s. The Media Lab, headed up by Dr. Stephen Benton, with published papers by Wendy Plesiak and Ravi Pappuh. -1 Recent developments in both the technology of digital holography and haptics have made it practical to conduct further investigations. Haptic holography is auto-stereoscopic and provides co-axial viewing for the user. Haptic holography may find application in medical & surgical training and as a new form of synthetic reality for artists and designers. At OCAD's PHASE Lab (Prototypes for Holographic Art and Science Explorations) workers are exploring hybrid forms of augmented reality, that combine haptics, interactivity and auto-stereoscopic imagery. Conventional Haptic environments, while presenting a 3D physics environment, typically provide a 2D visual work/play space. Orienteering in such an environment creates an uncertain spatial relationship for the user. Our group creates 3d models from which we create holographic constructs. The same model is used to create the physics environment. The two models are super-imposed. The result: Holograms you can touch.

  14. Repeated Ovum Pick-Up and In-vitro Embryo Production in Buffalo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Yang

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Transvaginal ultrasound-guided ovum pick-up (OPU was performed on 40 Nili-Ravi and Murrah buffaloes for consecutive 3 times each, at an interval of 3 days. A total of 936 follicles were aspirated, 643 oocytes were retrieved and 456 oocytes of them were usable. The recovery rate was 68.77% (643/935 and the percentage of usable oocytes was 70.92% (456/643, with an average of 3.80±0.23 oocytes usable per buffalo. The number of usable oocytes for the first, second and third OPU was 3.82±0.50;3.82±0.35; 4.05±0.43, respectively, and the difference among them was not significant (P<0.05. After in-vitro maturation (IVM, in-vitro fertilization (IVF and co-incubation with single layer of granular cells, the cleavage rate was 56.36% - 257/456, blastocyst formation rate was 20.39% (93/456 The result proved the feasibility of consecutive OPU at an interval of 3d and produce buffalo embryo via OPU-IVF. Further studies are needed to improve the efficiency of OPU-IVF.

  15. Effect of Hyalomma Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae on Milk Production of Dairy Buffaloes (Bos Bubalus Bubalis of Punjab (Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.U. Iqbal

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to estimate economic losses in terms of milk production caused by tick infestation in dairy buffaloes (Bos bubalus bubalis of Punjab (Pakistan. To this end, six hundred Nili-Ravi buffaloes infested with Hyalomma ticks (Acari: Ixodidae were selected and divided into two equal groups viz; A & B. The animals of group A were treated with various doses of 5% cypermethrine pour-on (Cipermetriven, Ivan Labs, Spain while those of group B were treated with propylene glycol (Propandiol - (1, 2, Merck as a sham treatment. Average milk production (L and butter fat (% was recorded before and after treatment in order to calculate post-treatment increase in these parameters (if any. An average daily increase of 1.15L in milk yield per animal with 1.31% more fat was observed in acaricide- treated animals. A dose-dependent effect of acaricide was found on the number of ticks as well as milk production and fat. The results provided a baseline data for further research on economic impact of tick nuisance to the smallholder dairy farming systems of Pakistan.

  16. A field study on artificial insemination of swamp and crossbred buffaloes with sexed semen from river buffaloes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yangqing; Liao, Yanqiong; Zhang, Ming; Yang, Bingzhuang; Liang, Xianwei; Yang, Xiaogan; Lu, Shengsheng; Wu, Zhuyue; Xu, Huiyan; Liang, Yunbin; Lu, Kehuan

    2015-10-01

    Sex preselection by flow sorting of X- and Y-sperm has been proven to be an efficient and economically feasible strategy for use in Holstein dairy cow breeding, and previous reports have demonstrated the feasibility of altering the sex ratio in buffalo species by using sexed semen in either artificial insemination or IVF. However, because buffalo reproductive physiology and farm management are different from Holsteins, factors involved in artificial insemination by sexed semen need to be further addressed before being applied in buffalo breeding at village-level husbandry. In this study, a total of 4521 swamp or crossbred (F1 or F2) buffaloes with natural estrus were inseminated with X-sorted sperm from river buffaloes, resulting in a 48.5% (2194 of 4521) pregnancy rate and 87.6% (1895 of 2163) sex accuracy in the derived calves. The pregnancy rate obtained with sexed semen from Murrah bulls was higher than that of Nili-Ravi, 52.5% (895 of 1706) versus 46.1% (1299 of 2815; P inseminations performed in different seasons (P insemination with sexed semen. The findings in the present study under field conditions pave the way for application of sexing technology to buffalo breeding under village-level husbandry and diverse genetic backgrounds.

  17. ROLE OF SINGLE INJECTION OF PROSTAGLANDIN F2 ALPHA ON BREEDING EFFICIENCY OF BUFFALOES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sajid Iqbal, Muhammad Aleem and Muhammad Amir Saeed

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, 20 Nili-Ravi buffaloes were divided into two equal groups. Group A buffaloes (treatment group were administered with prostaglandin F2 alpha (Lutalyse, Upjohn, 2 hours after calving while the group B buffaloes were not given any treatment and designated as control. The reproductive organs of each experimental buffalo were rectally palpated on days 14 and 21 postpartum, followed by twice a week rectal palpation until the first postpartum oestrus. The results revealed that cervical and uterine involution was completed significantly (P0.05. Follicular activity resumed independently of uterine involution. It was however, delayed slightly by the retained corpus luteum of pregnancy. The mean postpartum interval of initial follicular development was 21.20 ± 5.71 days in treated and 28.20 ± 8.75 days in control groups, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05. Postpartum oestrus interval was shortened in treated group (79. 50 ± 19.83 days as compared to control group (103.0 ± 17.45 days and the difference was significant (P< 0.05. So it seems beneficial to administer prostaglandin F2 alpha in postpartum buffaloes to reduce the period for uterine involution and enhance the subsequent reproductive performance.

  18. Replantation of Displaced Underlying Successor and Marsupialization of Radicular Cyst associated with a Primary Molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamba, Gagandeep; Ravi, G R

    2015-01-01

    Radicular cysts are by far the most common cystic lesions of the jaw. However, those arising from primary teeth are comparatively rare, comprising only 0.5 to 3.3%. The aim of this paper is to present clinical, radiographic and histopathological characteristics of radicular cyst associated with a primary mandibular molar causing unusual displacement of the permanent successor. Extraction of primary tooth along with extirpation of cyst was done under local anesthesia. The displaced premolar was also extracted and then replanted in the socket after proper alignment. Healing was uneventful and the space of missing primary molar was maintained by band and loop space maintainer. The relationship between intracanal medicaments and rapid growth of cyst, as mentioned in literature was observed in our case too. Thus, pulpotomy treated primary teeth should receive periodic postoperative radiographic examination and absence of clinical symptoms does not mean that a pulpotomy treated tooth is healthy. How to cite this article: Lamba G, Ravi GR. Replantation of Displaced Underlying Successor and Marsupialization of Radicular Cyst associated with a Primary Molar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(1):70-74.

  19. Effect of Vitamin E-Selenium Administration during Late Gestation on Productive and Reproductive Performance in Dairy Buffaloes and on Growth Performance of their Calves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. I. Qureshi, M. Siddiq, L. A. Lodhi, G. Muhammad1 and H. Jamil

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of vitamin E-selenium administration during last month of gestation in improving the productive and reproductive performance of dairy buffaloes and on growth performance of their calves. For this purpose, 40 Nili-Ravi buffaloes in their last month of pregnancy were randomly divided into two groups. The buffaloes in group 1 were treated with 10 ml of vitamin E-Se (Farvet Holland, containing 50 mg of vitamin E and 0.5 mg of sodium selenite/ml intramuscularly on day 30 and 15 prior to expected date of parturition, while buffaloes in group II served as control. All the experimental buffaloes were kept under similar management and feeding conditions. The data on productive performance showed that the colostrum production was 22% higher (P0.05 in Vit E-Se treated buffaloes (706.90  314.29L as compared to control group (663.85  225.46L. Data on reproductive performance showed that vitamin E-Se administration significantly (P0.05. It was inferred that the administration of vitamin E-Se during late gestation in buffaloes have beneficial effect on colostrum production, post partum estrus rates and conception rates.

  20. Antioxidant activity of capsaicin on radiation-induced oxidation of murine hepatic mitochondrial membrane preparation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gangabhagirathi R

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Ramachandran Gangabhagirathi,1 Ravi Joshi,2 1Bioorganic Division, 2Radiation and Photochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, Mumbai, India Abstract: Capsaicin is the major capsaicinoid in chili peppers and is widely used as a spice. It is also used for topical applications in cases of peripheral neuropathy. The present study deals with its role in modulation of gamma radiation-induced damages of the biochemical constituents of rat liver mitochondrial membrane (RLM preparation. The extent of lipid hydroperoxide formation, depletion in protein thiols, and formation of protein carbonyls have been biochemically assessed in the presence of varying concentrations of capsaicin in RLM. Decrease in the activities of the important antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase, which is involved in the scavenging of free radicals, and the mitochondrial marker enzyme succinate dehydrogenase have been also looked into. Capsaicin has been found to efficiently inhibit radiation-induced biochemical alterations, namely lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation. It also significantly prevented radiation-induced loss in the activity of antioxidant enzyme and the important endogenous antioxidant glutathione. The study suggests that capsaicin can act as an antioxidant and radioprotector in physiological systems. Keywords: capsaicin, gamma radiation, radioprotection, lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, enzyme activity

  1. Role of Wetland Ecosystems In Hydrobioecological Dynamics In Indian Punjab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh Ladhar, Satnam

    The State of Punjab in India, with a total geographical area of only 50,362 sq.kms, has a special significance for its contributions of foodgrains towards the central pool. The name Punjab, which included part of western Punjab, now in Pakistan, was derived from its five rivers namely Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jehlam. Now only Sutlej, Beas and Ravi rivers pass through the State and serves as its lifelines. Its rich soils and good irrigation system linked with hardworking farmers have made the country foodgrain surplus. Green revolution is the word linked to this state. Ancient agriculture had been mostly dependant on the rain water or surface waters available in rivers, streams, ponds, open wells, etc. Thus role of rivers, streams and manmade wetlands occupying just 23000 ha area cannot be ignored while appreciating the technological advancements in agricultural production. But recently tubewell systems have replaced the earlier systems of irrigation. This has also changed the view of farmers for surface water sources particularly seasonal rivulets and natural wetlands, which are thus being ruthlessly reclaimed creating serious imbalances in StateSs ground water table and sustainability of agro-economy. While the natural wetlands have suffered the most, the large man made riverine reservoirs made for water supplies, are also shrinking due to encroachments and upstream diversion. The overall water scenario in the State has undergone a tremendous change from earlier surplus to the scarcity and thus the bio-ecological dynamics has shown significant alterations over the time. Harike and Ropar Wetlands came into formation in 1952 with the construction of ma- jestic barrages over river Sutlej. Harike Wetland with original water storage capacity of 67,900 acre feet, receives 25 million acre feet of water through rivers Sutlej and Beas and diverts 29,984 cusecs (cubic feet per second) through three canals for ir- rigation and drinking water supplies in south western

  2. TÜRK TÜKETİCİLERİN ALMAN VE ÇİN ÜRÜNLERİNE YÖNELİK ÜLKE MENŞEİ ALGISI-PERCEPTION OF TURKISH CONSUMERS ABOUT COUNTRY OF ORIGIN EFFECT IN GERMAN AND CHINESE PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evrim İldem DEVELİ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ülke menşei etkisi uluslararası pazarlarda tüketicinin satın alma kararını etkileyen önemli bir değişkendir. Ülke menşe etkisinin önemli olduğu birçok ürün bulunmaktadır. Bunlar arasında parfüm, aksesuar, otomobil, moda tekstil ürünleri, tüketici elektroniği, yazılım vb. yer almaktadır. Bazı zamanlarda ülke markalarının grafiğinde düşüş görülebilir. Mükemmel ürünler tüketiciyi işletmeyi ürünün kalitesiyle değerlendirmeye sevk etmektedir. Ancak, tek bir kalitesiz veya kötü ürün tüketicinin işletme hakkındaki bu imajını yıkabilmektedir. Bugün dünyanın birçok yerindeki tüketiciler öncekinden daha zengin, daha bilgili ve üreticiler üzerinde daha fazla güce sahiptirler. Kültüre karşı olan hassasiyet yeni yüzyılın başarılı marka değerlendirmesinde önemli bir kriter haline gelmiştir. Bu çalışma ülke menşei etkisinin Türk tüketicilerinin Alman ve Çin ülkelerine karşı genel ülke tutumu ile bu tüketicilerin Alman ve Çin otomobil ve dvd ürünlerine karşı görüşlerini ortaya koymaya yönelik olarak yapılmıştır. Çalışmada Parameswaran, Ravi ve Pisharodi’nin (1994 Journal of Advertising’de yayınlanan “Facets of Country-of-Origin Image: An Emprical Assessment” adlı makalesindeki araştırma esas alınmıştır.-Country of the origin effect (COO is an important variable affecting consumer purchase in international marketing. There are many products where the COO is important to consumers, such as perfumes, accessories, automobiles, high-fashion clothes, consumer electronics, software and so on. Excellent products shape consumers start to equate a company with quality, but one single bad product may damage this perception. Sensitivity to culture could become one of the defining characteristics of the new century’s successful global brands. This research will look at COO effects with respect to discover Turkish consumers perception of general

  3. Matching Supernovae to Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-12-01

    One of the major challenges for modern supernova surveys is identifying the galaxy that hosted each explosion. Is there an accurate and efficient way to do this that avoids investing significant human resources?Why Identify Hosts?One problem in host galaxy identification. Here, the supernova lies between two galaxies but though the centroid of the galaxy on the right is closer in angular separation, this may be a distant background galaxy that is not actually near the supernova. [Gupta et al. 2016]Supernovae are a critical tool for making cosmological predictions that help us to understand our universe. But supernova cosmology relies on accurately identifying the properties of the supernovae including their redshifts. Since spectroscopic followup of supernova detections often isnt possible, we rely on observations of the supernova host galaxies to obtain redshifts.But how do we identify which galaxy hosted a supernova? This seems like a simple problem, but there are many complicating factors a seemingly nearby galaxy could be a distant background galaxy, for instance, or a supernovas host could be too faint to spot.The authors algorithm takes into account confusion, a measure of how likely the supernova is to be mismatched. In these illustrations of low (left) and high (right) confusion, the supernova is represented by a blue star, and the green circles represent possible host galaxies. [Gupta et al. 2016]Turning to AutomationBefore the era of large supernovae surveys, searching for host galaxies was done primarily by visual inspection. But current projects like the Dark Energy Surveys Supernova Program is finding supernovae by the thousands, and the upcoming Large Synoptic Survey Telescope will likely discover hundreds of thousands. Visual inspection will not be possible in the face of this volume of data so an accurate and efficient automated method is clearly needed!To this end, a team of scientists led by Ravi Gupta (Argonne National Laboratory) has recently

  4. Transforming Swamp Buffaloes to Producers of Milk and Meat Through Crossbreeding and Backcrossing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L C Cruz

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available There are two major types of water buffaloes in the world, the riverine type and the swamp type. The total number of Swamp buffalo is 37.6 M and represents 21.8% of the world’s buffalo population. The swamp buffaloes have played a major role in draft animal-dependent farming system. But intensified rice production became more pronounced in irrigated areas and this has led to increased utilization of small farm machineries, displacing significantly the draft buffaloes for land tillage. To some extent, the introduction of tractors for land preparation and transport for corn, sugarcane and other crops in production areas has similar effect. Utilization of the existing population of swamp buffaloes to meet the growing domestic demand for milk and meat, against the background of increasing farm mechanization, is a good reason to transform the huge number of draft animals into producers of milk and meat. According to the UNDP/FAO-assisted project in the Philippines carried from 1982 to 1998, that crossing swamp buffalo and riverine buffaloes, despite the differences in chromosome numbers, is producing crossbreds with high growth rate potentials and milk production abilities several folds over the swamp buffalo parents. The known fact that swamp and riverine buffaloes have different chromosome number, the diploid chromosome number of the swamp buffalo is 48 and that of the river buffalo is 50. When crossbreeding between the 2 buffalo types occur, males and females of the F1 generation are heterozygous for the fusion and are apparently fertile with chromosome 2n = 49. Three-way crossbred hybrids were obtained by (native buffalo x Murrah x Nili Ravi or (native buffalo x Nili Ravi x Murrah. They had two chromosome categories viz. 2n=49 and 2n=50, respectively. Crossbreeding Swamp with Riverine Breed is done for quality beef. Most of the NT produced TenderBuff is farm-bred or purchased from other suppliers as swamp buffalo yearlings and growth out for a

  5. Readers Respond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.N. Wig

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This is in response to the MSM theme monograph Academia-Industry Symposium 2007: Medical Practice and the Pharmaceutical Industry: And Ever the Duo shall Meet.I recall that it was just five years ago when you first wrote to me, informing me about the start of Mens Sana Monographs . I was excited because it was something new, something different that was happening in the field of mental health and philosophy in India.You have come a long way since then. In fact, it is amazing how rapidly MSM has progressed, as testified to by the present theme monograph. Your readers and contributors are no longer confined to India; you are now international in reach and outlook. Please allow me to wholeheartedly congratulate you. It is a remarkable achievement by any standard.The present volume is excellent in its design and contents. The two editorials by Jerome Kassirer and Joel Lexchin are outstanding and deeply thought provoking. The article by Martin Van Der Weyden is equally rewarding and has very useful information. The main monograph has been superbly, very competently, and comprehensively written by both of you.In the series "What Medicine Means To Me," I especially liked the piece by Helen Herrman. Her message of public health psychiatry is particularly relevant for developing countries.The book review of David Healy's book by Leemon McHenry is very refreshing and challenging. I congratulate you on your decision to publish it when other journals were still hesitating.And lastly, the obituary reference to my dear friend Dr. Ravi Kapur by Ajit Bhide and you were so touching; I cried all over again.So keep up your good work, dear friends. May God bless you and may you both achieve many more successes in your careers.

  6. Genetic and genomic dissection of Prolactin revealed potential association with milk production traits in riverine buffalo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadeem, A; Maryam, J

    2016-08-01

    Milk yield and quality has been a major selection criterion for genetic improvement in livestock species. Role of Prolactin gene in determining milk quality in terms of protein profile, lactose, lipids and other imperative macromolecules is very important. In this context, genetic profiling of Prolactin gene in riverine buffalo of Pakistan was performed and potential genetic markers were identified illustrating worth of this gene in marker-assisted selection of superior dairy buffaloes. Series of wet and dry lab experimentation was performed starting with genomic DNA isolation from true to breed representatives of indigenous river buffalo (Nili-Ravi). After amplification of coding regions of Prolactin gene, products were eluted and sequenced by Sanger's chain termination method and aligned to get variations in genomic region. A total of 15 novel variations were identified and analyzed statistically for their significance at population level, haplotypes were constructed, and association was estimated. Phylogenetic analysis was performed to evaluate the rate of evolution for Prolactin gene in various mammalian species. Lastly, biological networking for this molecule was predicted to get the bigger pictorial of its functional machinery. Pathway analysis was performed to find its physiological mode of action in milk synthesis. This is a first report toward complete genetic screening of Prolactin gene in Pakistani buffaloes. Results of this study not only provide an insight for potential role of Prolactin gene in milk-producing abilities of buffalo but also suggest new directions for exploration of more genes that may have promising role to enhance future milk production capabilities of river buffalo breeds of Asian region through marker-assisted selection.

  7. Lubricin as a novel nanostructured protein coating to reduce fibroblast density

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aninwene II GE

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available George Ejiofor Aninwene II,1 Zifan Yang,2 Vishnu Ravi,3 Gregory D Jay,2,4 Thomas J Webster1,51Department of Chemical Engineering and Program in Bioengineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA; 2School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA; 3Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA; 4Department of Emergency Medicine, Brown University, School of Medicine, Providence, RI, USA; 5Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaAbstract: Excessive fibroblast adhesion and proliferation on the surface of medical implants (such as catheters, endotracheal tubes, intraocular lenses, etc can lead to major postsurgical complications. This study showed that when coated on tissue culture polystyrene, lubricin, a nanostructured mucinous glycoprotein found in the synovial fluid of joints, decreased fibroblast density for up to 2 days of culture compared to controls treated with phosphate buffered saline (PBS. When examining why, similar antifibroblast density results were found when coating tissue culture polystyrene with bovine submaxillary mucin (BSM, an even smaller protein closely related to the central subregion of lubricin. Additionally, results from this study demonstrated that in contrast to BSM or controls (PBS-coated and non-coated samples, lubricin was better at preserving the health of nonadherent or loosely adherent fibroblasts; fibroblasts that did not adhere or loosely adhered on the lubricin-coated tissue culture polystyrene adhered and proliferated well for up to an additional day when they were reseeded on uncoated tissue culture polystyrene. In summary, this study provides evidence for the promise of nanostructured lubricin (and to a lesser extent BSM to inhibit fibroblast adhesion and growth when coated on medical devices; lubricin should be further explored for numerous medical device applications.Keywords: lubricin, antiadhesive, fibroblasts, mucin

  8. Sperm-egg penetration assay assessment of the contraceptive effects of glycerol and egg yolk in rooster sperm diluents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abouelezz, F M K; Castaño, C; Toledano-Díaz, A; Esteso, M C; López-Sebastián, A; Campo, J L; Santiago-Moreno, J

    2015-06-01

    Glycerol (GLY) and egg yolk (EY) are good cryoprotectants of avian and mammalian sperm, but in birds, they strongly inhibit the eventual fertilization of ova. Using the sperm penetration (SP-holes) assay and fertility trials, the present study investigates (1) the possible mechanism by which this contraceptive effect occurs in chickens and (2) the maximum concentrations of GLY and EY tolerated by fresh rooster sperm. Seventy Black-Barred Andaluza hens (five per treatment) were inseminated four times (twice per week) with 0.1 mL of fresh semen from roosters of the same breed diluted 1:1 (v:v) with Lake and Ravie medium containing different concentrations of GLY or EY. No adverse effects on acrosome integrity, sperm motility, or viability were seen with any concentration of GLY or EY. The number of SP-holes on perivitelline layer samples taken from above the germinal disc became progressively lower at GLY concentrations of 1.5% or greater (P > 0.05). No holes caused by sperms were seen in unfertilized eggs. The corresponding fertility results showed similar reductions when the GLY concentration was 1.5% or greater. No changes in the number of SP-holes were seen with increasing EY concentrations (0%-7.5%), nor were any differences in fertility observed, except for a reduction when 15% EY was used. The results therefore reveal that GLY affects the transit of sperms through the oviduct in their attempt to reach the infundibulum area, limiting their access to the ovum perivitelline layer. Egg yolk had no such effect, nor did it influence acrosome reaction capacity; its mechanism of contraceptive action therefore remains unknown. The maximum GLY and EY concentrations tolerated by the rooster sperm were 0.75% and 7.5%, respectively.

  9. Evaluation of Historic Indo-Pak Relations, Water Resource Issues and Its impact on Contemporary Bilateral Affairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Tayyab Sohail

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Being developed countries both Pakistan and India are striving for the economic development. Pakistan and India share a 1610 km long border. They share same language, dress and culture and also six watercourses, namely the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas, along with their numerous tributaries. Pakistan, like other countries of the region depends heavily on agriculture, with the greater part of the population relying on it for livelihood. As a result, water is not only vital for everyday needs, but a critical source for economic development. Water is a resource on which there is dependency of economy and no substitute. Pakistan and India are close neighbors and lied in South East of Asia. Apart from sharing border and history both the countries have various same customs and traditions.Both countries gained independence in 1947 from British Government, from the day of independence Pakistan has been facing lots of internal and external challenges. Apart from other conflicts, water issues also exist between Pakistan and India. After the nine years negotiation with the help of World Bank, they solved this issue but after some time it started again. Some kind of historical issues including water issues has been discussed in this paper. To judge the public opinion of the both countries, an interview survey was conducted by some international expert and from the people who are directly involved in these kind of profession of Indo-Pak relation. Analyses of interview with some statistic information and on the behalf of history some conclusions and suggestions were including at the end of this study.

  10. A new generation of topical chronic wound treatments containing specific MMP inhibitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shrivastava R

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Ravi Shrivastava, Nathalie Cucuat, Monika Rousse, Thomas Weigand, Pedro Neto, Claire Janicot, Christiane Shrivastava VITROBIO Research Institute, Issoire, France Purpose: Incidence of chronic wounds is constantly rising worldwide, but all currently available treatments are intended either to provide symptomatic relief or to assist cicatrization to some extent, but not to directly stimulate cellular growth. Physiologically, chronic wound healing simply requires cell growth to fill the injured cavity. To grow, our cells need to attach onto a cushion, called extracellular matrix (ECM, secreted by the mother cells and composed of multiple proteins. Recent scientific works prove that the concentration of certain matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs is extremely high in all chronic wounds and, because of their proteolytic nature, some MMPs completely degrade the ECM, hindering cell attachment and cell growth. The aim of this study was to identify, neutralize, and eliminate these MMPs from the wound surface so as to design an effective treatment for chronic wounds. Methods: Acute and chronic models of human epithelial and fibroblast cells were prepared on a defined ECM cushion in vitro and MMPs were added in the culture medium to identify the MMPs causing ECM disintegration for each cell type. ECM-degrading MMPs were then incubated with selected procyanidin-rich plant extracts (PCDs and cell growth was reanalyzed. Results: It was observed that: 1 multiple MMPs are involved in cellular matrix destruction; 2 ECM-destroying MMPs are specific with respect to cell type; and 3 specific PCDs may bind and neutralize selected MMPs. Conclusion: Topical application of specific plant PCDs to selectively neutralize ECM-destroying MMPs in acute and chronic wounds represents a novel approach for the treatment of superficial and deep skin wounds. Keywords: extra cellular matrix (ECM, matrix metalloproteinases, procyanidins (PCDs, tannins, ulcers

  11. Rapid assessment of visual impairment in urban population of Delhi, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Noopur; Vashist, Praveen; Malhotra, Sumit; Senjam, Suraj Singh; Misra, Vasundhara; Bhardwaj, Amit

    2015-01-01

    To determine the prevalence, causes and associated demographic factors related to visual impairment amongst the urban population of New Delhi, India. A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in East Delhi district using cluster random sampling methodology. This Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) survey involved examination of all individuals aged 40 years and above in 24 randomly selected clusters of the district. Visual acuity (VA) assessment and comprehensive ocular examination were done during the door-to-door survey. A questionnaire was used to collect personal and demographic information of the study population. Blindness and Visual Impairment was defined as presenting VA visual impairment. Of 2421 subjects enumerated, 2331 (96.3%) were available for ophthalmic examination. Among those examined, 49.3% were males. The prevalence of visual impairment (VI) in the study population, was 11.4% (95% C.I. 10.1, 12.7) and that of blindness was 1.2% (95% C.I. 0.8, 1.6). Uncorrected refractive error was the leading cause of VI accounting for 53.4% of all VI followed by cataract (33.8%). With multivariable logistic regression, the odds of having VI increased with age (OR = 24.6[95% C.I.: 14.9, 40.7]; p visual impairment is considerable in this region despite availability of adequate eye care facilities. Awareness generation and simple interventions like cataract surgery and provision of spectacles will help to eliminate the major causes of blindness and visual impairment in this region.

  12. Appraisal of radioactivity and associated radiation hazards in sand samples of four rivers of Punjab province, Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Khalid; Khalid, Muhammad Rizwan; Jabbar, Abdul; Akhter, Perveen

    2012-06-01

    Natural and anthropogenic radioactivity of sand and water samples collected from the four big rivers of Punjab province, Pakistan, was measured using a high-purity germanium detector coupled with a high resolution multichannel analyser. The average concentration of the naturally occurring radionuclides (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K in all the sand samples from the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Indus was found to be 22±0.6, 36±1 and 287±10 Bq kg (-1), respectively, while the concentration of the anthropogenic radionuclide (137)Cs was found to be below the minimum detectable activity, i.e. ~1.2 Bq kg (-1). All the sand samples have Ra(eq) concentrations lower than the limit of 370 Bq kg (-1). Indoor (H (in)) and outdoor (H (out)) radiation hazard indices were calculated for the samples to assess the radiation hazards arising due to the use of this sand in construction, and were found to be less than unity in the study area. Calculated values of the absorbed dose rate were less than the typical world average value of 59 nGy h (-1), and the annual effective dose rate was also less than the typical world value of 70 μSv, except in the Indus river, in which it is slightly higher then the world average. Results show that the measured values are comparable with other global radioactivity measurements. None of the studied riverbeds was considered a radiological hazard, and their sand can be safely used in construction.

  13. Thoracic computer tomography for the evaluation of the thymus gland in cases of myasthenia gravis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Druschky, K.F.; Stadler, H.W.; Daun, H.

    1981-01-01

    Hyperplasia of the thymus gland is observed in 65% of all patients with myasthenia gravis, while the incidence of thymus tumor is reported to be 8.5-28%. Conventional radiological techniques provide little information in the diagnosis of mediastinal lesions. Even a clearly developed thymus tumor can escape clinical detection. Since March 1978 thoracic computer tomography has been performed in addition to X-rays of the chest in a series of 19 patients with myasthenia ravis, 10 women and 9 men ranging in age from 15-71 years and in 3 patients with suspected thymomas but without myasthenia gravis. These examinations were carried out with a Somatom II (Siemens) since September 1979. On the average 15-20 scans were made at the level of the upper two-third of the sternum. The chest X-rays in 2 planes revealed signs of a thymus tumor in 3 female patients. Thoracic computer tomography showed definite signs of a space-occupying lesion in the anterior mediastinum in 11 cases. At thymectomy 6 patients were found to have hyperplasia of the thymus, 2 patients had a benign thymoma and 3 patients a malignant thymoma. In 6 cases computer tomography showed only slight changes and in 5 patients no pathological findings could be demonstrated in the thymus gland. Thoracic computer tomography is a relatively harmless diagnostic measure without any risk for the patient. It has a high resolution and great accuracy in the evaluation of the thymus gland and is therefore the method of choice for the diagnosis of patients with myasthenia gravis.

  14. Protein Carbamylation in Chronic Systolic Heart Failure: Relation to Renal Impairment and Adverse Long-Term Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson Tang, W. H.; Shrestha, Kevin; Wang, Zeneng; Borowski, Allen G.; Troughton, Richard W.; Klein, Allan L.; Hazen, Stanley L.

    2013-01-01

    Background Protein carbamylation, a post-translational modification promoted during uremia and catalyzed by myeloperoxidase (MPO) at sites of inflammation, is linked to altered protein structure, vascular dysfunction, and poor prognosis. We examine the relationship between plasma protein-bound homocitrulline (PBHCit) levels, a marker of protein lysine residue carbamylation, with cardio-renal function and long-term outcomes in chronic systolic heart failure. Methods and Results In 115 patients with chronic systolic HF (LVEF≤35%), we measured plasma PBHCit by quantitative mass spectrometry and performed comprehensive echocardiography with assessment of cardiac structure and performance. Adverse long-term events (death, cardiac transplant) were tracked for 5 years. In our study cohort, the median PBHCit level was 87 [IQR: 59, 128] μmol/mol Lysine. Higher plasma PBHcit levels were associated with poorer renal function (eGFR Spearman’s r= −0.37, p0.10 for each). Furthermore, elevated plasma PBHCit levels were not related to indices of cardiac structure or function (p>0.10 for all examined) except modestly with increased right atrial volume index (RAVi; r=0.31, p=0.002). PBHCit levels predicted adverse long-term events (Hazard ratio [HR]: 1.8, 95% CI 1.3– 2.6, p<0.001), including following adjustment for age, eGFR, MPO and NT-proBNP (HR: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.2–3.1, p=0.006). Conclusions In chronic systolic HF, protein carbamylation is associated with poorer renal but not cardiac function, and portends poorer long-term adverse clinical outcomes even when adjusted for cardio-renal indices of adverse prognosis. PMID:23582087

  15. Book Reviews | Reseñas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Book Review Editor, Barbara Hogenboom

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Violent Democracies in Latin America, edited by Enrique Desmond Arias and Daniel M. Goldstein; reviewed by Rivke Jaffe, p. 124Violence, Coercion, and State-Making in Twentieth Century Mexico. The Other Half of the Centaur, edited by Wil Pansters; reviewed by Markus-Michael Müller, p. 126Police Reform in Mexico. Informal Politics and the Challenge of Institutional Change, by Daniel M. Sabet; reviewed by Wil G. Pansters, p. 128Bribes, Bullets and Intimidation: Drug Trafficking and the Law in Central America, by Julie Marie Bunck and Michael Ross Fowler; reviewed by Sonja Wolf, p. 132Latin American Urban Development into the 21st Century: Towards a Renewed Perspective on the City, edited by Dennis Rodgers, Jo Beall and Ravi Kanbur; reviewed by Christien Klaufus, p. 133Latin America’s Turbulent Transitions: The Future of Twenty-First Century Socialism, by Roger Burbach, Michael Fox and Federico Fuentes; reviewed by Barry Cannon, p. 136Cuba and Its Neighbours: Democracy in Motion, by Arnold August; reviewed by Antonio Carmona Báez, p. 138Bolivia: Processes of Change, by John Crabtree and Ann Chaplin; reviewed by Gonzalo Rojas-Ortuste, p. 140The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Latin America, by Raúl L. Madrid; reviewed by Ton Salman, 142Intimate Indigeneities. Race, Sex, and History in the Small Spaces of Andean Life, by Andrew Canessa; reviewed by Annelou Ypeij, p. 145¡Américas Unidas! Nelson A. Rockefeller’s Office of Inter-American Affairs (1940-1946, edited by Gisela Cramer and Ursula Prutsch; reviewed by Darlene J. Sadlier, p. 146How a Revolutionary Art became Official Culture: Murals, Museums, and the Mexican State, by Mary Coffey; reviewed by Paula López Caballero, p. 148Sugar, Slavery, Christianity and the Making of Race, by Mark Edelman Boren; reviewed by Gert Oostindie, p. 150

  16. [Assessment right atrial function in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus by speckle tracking and three-dimensional echocardiography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, X Y; Shao, L; Zheng, Z L

    2016-12-20

    Objective: To evaluate right atrial function in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with normal pulmonary pressure by using two dimensional-speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI) and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography(RT-3DE). Methods: A totoal of 40 patients with SLE and 40 control subjects were collected between December 2011 and May 2014 from Ningbo Medical Treatment Center Lihuili Hospital. Right atrial global longitudinal strain (RAGLS) and all kinds of right atrium volume index (RAVI) were detected. Relationship between tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion(TAPSE), tricuspid annulus systolic peak velocity (S'), right ventricular myocardial performance index (RVMPI), ETV/e'TV and the right atrium parameters were analyzed. Results: SLE group's right atrium maximal volume index(RAVImax)(33.5±11.1) ml/m(2,) right atrium minimal volume index (RAVImin)(13.2±4.5) ml/m(2,) right atrium presystolic volume index (RAVIpre) (2.57±10.2) ml/m(2,) right atrium total emptying volume index(RAVIt)(20.2±8.1)ml/m(2,) right atrium active emptying volume index (RAVIa)(12.5±7.5) ml/m(2)) were increased .But right atrium passive emptying volume index(RAVIp)( 7.8±2.7) ml/m(2) and right atrial global longitudinal strain (RAGLS) (38.2%±7.7% ) were decreased (both Pright atrial function by 2D-STI and RT-3DE could diagnose right atrial dysfunction in early stage of SLE patients with normal pulmonary pressure. The method is simple, has significant clinical value.

  17. Management of pediatric tonsillectomy pain: a review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hansen J

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Jennifer Hansen, Ravi D Shah, Hubert A Benzon Department of Pediatric Anesthesiology, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA Abstract: Tonsillectomy is associated with significant pain and postoperative pain control is often unsatisfactory. We discuss the various strategies that have been investigated to control pain following tonsillectomy. Codeine is a weak analgesic frequently used in children for the treatment of mild-to-moderate pain, however, due to adverse events related to its metabolism, it has been contraindicated for postoperative pain in children since 2013. Intravenous morphine is frequently used for moderate-to-severe pain in children, however, its active metabolite can lead to respiratory depressant and other undesirable side effects. Hydromorphone is a commonly used alternative that has been studied infrequently. Alternatives to narcotic pain strategies have also been studied. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs are effective as analgesics, yet many practitioners avoid their use given the concern for postoperative bleeding. Intraoperative acetaminophen has been shown to improve postoperative pain and decrease recovery room time. Dexamethasone has been shown to improve postoperative pain, vomiting, and decrease airway swelling, and seems to be effective for use during tonsillectomy surgery. Ketamine has been shown to decrease analgesic requirements without adverse affects of hallucinations. Direct injection of local anesthetic into the tonsillar bed has been shown to be effective in improving pain control, however, there is concern that local anesthetic could be erroneously injected into the carotid artery and lead to devastating consequences. Optimal pain control regimens following pediatric tonsillectomy continue to be a challenge for both anesthesiologists and otorhinolaryngologists. Opioids are the most commonly used but are

  18. Freezing adversely affects measurement of vascular endothelial growth factor levels in human aqueous samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sankarathi Balaiya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sankarathi Balaiya Sandeep Grover Ravi K Murthy Kakarla V ChalamDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, USAPurpose: Aqueous levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF can be a surrogate marker of intraocular VEGF activity and a measure of efficacy of anti-VEGF treatment in a variety of vasoproliferative retinal disorders, including diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and central retinal vein occlusion. Measurement of the VEGF level may be adversely affected by premeasurement variables, such as freezing and delay, in sample analysis. We aim to evaluate the effect of storage and delayed measurement of human aqueous VEGF levels in these conditions.Methods: Aqueous samples collected from patients receiving intravitreal injection of bevacizumab for various retinal diseases were divided into two groups. In Group 1, the VEGF levels were analyzed on the same day; in Group 2, the VEGF levels were analyzed after 21 days of freezer storage (-80°C using immunobead assay. Statistical comparison using a paired t-test was performed between the two groups.Results: Thirty-one aqueous humor samples were collected, and the VEGF concentration for fresh samples was 7.8 ± 5.9 pg/mL (mean ± SD compared to 6.5 ± 6.0 pg/mL in frozen samples, resulting in a statistically significant difference (P = 0.03.Conclusions: Accurate measurement of the VEGF level is a vital component of clinical decision-making. Delayed analysis of VEGF levels in aqueous samples may result in significant sample degradation and lower levels of measured VEGF.Keywords: VEGF level, aqueous humor, immunobead assay, VEGF storage

  19. Interplay of micro-scale flow and fluid micro/nanostructure: Solutions of DNA and suspensions of single walled carbon nanotubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duggal, Rajat

    The dynamics of dilute solutions of DNA flowing in a scaled clown roll-knife free surface coating flow are investigated on multiple scales. The flow is generated between a rotating roll and a stationary glass knife. Extension of fluorescently stained DNA molecules is measured at the minimum gap at low roll speeds. The macroscopic flow is computed and microscopic predictions are obtained by simulating the DNA by Brownian dynamics combined with successive fine-graining (Sunthar and Ravi Prakash 2005). The simulations predict that the DNA should stretch almost to full extension near the roll surface in the region of minimum gap; this does not agree with experimental measurements. The assumption of linear velocity across the chains fails near free surfaces and is the likely cause of the discrepancy. At high roll speed two separation surfaces arise in the coating bead. The distribution of DNA extension is measured at the separation surface upstream of minimum gap. Slow nodular recirculations are present under the upstream and downstream free surfaces; unexpectedly, DNA molecules are stretched axially in these regions. Individual single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in aqueous suspension are visualized directly by fluorescence video-microscopy. The fluorescent tagging is simple, biocompatible, and allows observation of the dynamics of SWNTs in water. The rotational diffusion coefficient in confinement is measured and the critical concentration at which SWNTs in suspensions start interacting is determined. By analyzing the fluctuating shape of SWNTs, the persistence length of SWNTs is found to range between 32 and 174 mum, in agreement with theoretical estimates; thus, common SWNTs in liquids can be considered as rigid Brownian rods in the absence of imposed external fields. Drying microscopic drops of a suspension of individual SWNTs in aqueous solution of F68 pluronic surfactant exhibit complex dynamics. The drops dry on glass substrates forming a "crust" at the free

  20. Lasteaia ja lõbumaja vahel : eesti proosa 2008 / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2009-01-01

    ri v. Grauberg ja Monika Vidman "Viirus", "Tõbised" ning "Ravi"

  1. Lasteaia ja lõbumaja vahel : Eesti proosa 2008 / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2012-01-01

    ri v. Grauberg ja Monika Vidman "Viirus", "Tõbised" ning "Ravi"

  2. Sediment provenance, reworking and transport processes in the Indus River by U-Pb dating of detrital zircon grains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alizai, Anwar; Carter, Andrew; Clift, Peter D.; VanLaningham, Sam; Williams, Jeremy C.; Kumar, Ravindra

    2011-03-01

    We present new major and trace element data, together with U-Pb ages for zircon sand grains from the major tributaries of the Indus River, as well as the adjacent Ghaggar and Yamuna Rivers and from bedrocks within the Sutlej Valley, in order to constrain the origin of the sediment reaching the Arabian Sea. Zircon grains from the upper Indus are generally younger than 200 Ma and contrast with those from the eastern tributaries eroded from Himalayan sources. Grains younger than 15 Ma, which typify the Nanga Parbat Massif, comprise no more than 1-2% of the total, even in the upper Indus, showing that this terrain is not a major sediment producer, in contrast with the Namche Barwe Massif in the eastern Himalayan syntaxis. The Sutlej and Yamuna Rivers in particular are very rich in Lesser Himalayan-derived 1500-2300 Ma zircons, while the Chenab is dominated by 750-1250 Ma zircons, mostly eroded from the Greater Himalaya. The upper Indus, Chenab and Ravi yield zircon populations broadly consistent with the outcrop areas, but the Jhelum and the Sutlej contain many more 1500-2300 Ma zircons than would be predicted from the area of Lesser Himalayan rock within their drainages. A significant population of grains younger than 200 Ma in the sands of the Thar Desert indicates preferential eolian, monsoon-related transport from the Indus lower reaches, rather than reworking from the local rivers. Modelling of observed zircon ages close to the delta contrasts with modern water discharge. The delta is rich in zircons dating 1500-2300 Ma, while discharge from modern rivers carrying such grains is low. The modest size of the Sutlej, the richest source of these materials in the modern system, raises the possibility that the compositionally similar Yamuna used to flow westwards in the recent past. Our data indicate a non-steady state river with zircon transport times of 5-10 k.y. inferred from earlier zircon dating of delta sands. The modern delta zircons image an earlier, likely

  3. Bringing Astronomy Directly to People Who Do Not Come to Star Parties, Science Museums, or Science Festivals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald A.

    2013-01-01

    My successful programs have included telescope observations, hands-on activities, and edible astronomy demonstrations for: outdoor concerts or music festivals; the National Mall; churches, synagogues, seminaries, or clergy conferences; the Ronald McDonald House of Long Island (New Hyde Park, NY), the Winthrop University Hospital Children’s Medical Center (Mineola, NY); the Fresh Air Fund summer camps; a Halloween star party with costumed kids looking through telescopes; a Super Bowl Star Party; the World Science Festival (NYC); the Princeton University Science and Engineering Expo; the USA Science and Engineering Festival; and the NYC Columbus Day Parade. These outreach activities have reached thousands of people including many young girls. Information was also provided about local science museums, citizen science projects, astronomy educational sites, and astronomy clubs to encourage learning after these events. In 2010 I created Astronomy Night on the National Mall (co-sponsored the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy) with the participation of astronomy clubs, Chandra X-Ray Center, STScI, NASA, NOAO, NSF and the National Air and Space Museum. Since 2009 my NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) program has brought astronomy to 50,000 music lovers who attended the Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Tanglewood, or Ravinia music festivals or classical, folk, rock, pop, opera, or county-western concerts in local parks assisted by astronomy clubs. MAUS is an evening, nighttime, and cloudy weather traveling astronomy program combining solar, optical, and radio telescope observations; a live image projection system; large outdoor posters and banners; videos; and hands-on activities before and after the concerts or at intermission. Yo-Yo-Ma and the Chicago Symphony or Boston Symphony Orchestras, the McCoy Tyner Quartet with Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, the Stanley Clarke Band, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Patti Smith

  4. How Create an Astronomy Outreach Program to Bring Astronomy to Thousands of People at Outdoor Concerts Astronomy Festivals, or Tourist Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald

    2015-08-01

    I describe how to create an astronomy program for thousands of people at outdoor concerts based on my $308,000 NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) program (60 events 2009 - 2013), and the Astronomy Festival on the National Mall (AFNM, 10,000 people/yr).MAUS reached 50,000 music lovers at local parks and at the Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Ravinia, or Tanglewood Music Festivals with classical, folk, pop/rock, opera, Caribbean, or county-western concerts assisted by astronomy clubs. Yo-Yo-Ma, the Chicago and Boston Symphony Orchestras, Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Tony Orlando, and Wilco performed at these events. AFNM was started in 2010 with co-sponsorship by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. MAUS and AFMN combine solar, optical, and radio telescope observations; large posters/banners; hands-on activities, imaging with a cell phone mount; citizen science activities; hand-outs; and teacher info packet. Representatives from scientific institutions participated. Tyco Brahe, Johannes Kepler, and Caroline Herschel made guest appearances.MAUS reached underserved groups and attracted large crowds. Young kids participated in this family learning experience-often the first time they looked through a telescope. While < 50% of the participants took part in a science activity in the past year, they found MAUS enjoyable and understandable; learned about astronomy; wanted to learn more; and increased their interest in science (ave. rating 3.6/4). MAUS is effective in promoting science education!Lessons learned: plan early; create partnerships with parks, concert organizers, and astronomy clubs; test equipment; have backup equipment; create professional displays; select the best location to obtain a largest number of participants; use social media/www sites to promote the events; use many telescopes for multiple targets; project a live image or video; select equipment that is easy to

  5. Music and Astronomy Under The Stars after 4 years and 50,000 People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald A.

    2013-01-01

    Since 2009 my NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) program has brought astronomy to 50,000 music lovers at the National Mall (co-sponsor OSTP); Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Ravinia, or Tanglewood music festivals; and classical, folk, pop/rock, opera, Caribbean, or county-western concerts in parks assisted by astronomy clubs (55 events; 28parks). MAUS combines solar, optical, and radio telescope observations; live image projection; large posters/banners (From the Earth to the Universe and Visions of the Universe); videos; and hands-on activities (Night Sky Network; Harvard-Smithsonian CfA); imaging with a cell phone mount; and hand-outs(with info on science museums, astronomy clubs, and citizen science before and after the concerts or at intermission. Yo-Yo-Ma, the Chicago and Boston Symphony Orchestras, the McCoy Tyner Quartet, Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, the Stanley Clarke Band, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Patti Smith, Tony Orlando, and Ronan Tynan performed at these concerts. MAUS reached underserved groups and attracted large enthusiastic crowds. Many young children participated in this family learning experience-often the first time they looked through a telescope. Lessons learned: plan early; create partnerships with parks and astronomy clubs; test equipment; have backup equipment; create professional displays; select the best location to obtain a largest number of participants; use media/www sites to promote the events; use many telescopes for multipletargets; project a live image or video; select equipment that is easy to use, store, set-up, and take down; use hands-on astronomy activities; position the displays for maximum visibility (they became teachable moments); and have educator hand-outs. While < 50% of the participants attended a science museum or took part in astronomy programs in the previous year (based on our survey), they found MAUS enjoyable and understandable; learned about astronomy; wanted to learn

  6. Astronomy Outreach for Large, Unique, and Unusual Audiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald

    2015-08-01

    My successful outreach program venues include: outdoor concerts and festivals; the US National Mall; churches, synagogues, seminaries, or clergy conferences; the Ronald McDonald Houses of Long Island and Chicago; the Winthrop U. Hospital Children’s Medical Center the Fresh Air Fund summer camps (low-income and special needs); a Halloween star party (costumed kids look through telescopes); a Super Bowl Star Party (targeting women); Science Festivals (World, NYC; Princeton U.; the USA Science and Engineering Festival); and the NYC Columbus Day Parade. Information was also provided about local science museums, citizen science projects, astronomy educational sites, and astronomy clubs to encourage lifelong learning. In 2010 I created Astronomy Festival on the National Mall (co-sponsored by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy) with the participation of astronomy clubs, scientific institutions and with Tyco Brahe, Johannes Kepler, and Caroline Herschel making guest appearances. My programs include solar, optical, and radio telescope observations, hands-on activities, a live image projection system; large outdoor posters and banners; videos; hands-on activities, and edible astronomy demonstrations.My NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) program (60 events 2009 - 2013) reached 50,000 music lovers at local parks and the Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Ravinia, or Tanglewood Music Festivals with classical, folk, pop/rock, opera, Caribbean, or county-western concerts assisted by astronomy clubs. Yo-Yo-Ma, the Chicago and Boston Symphony Orchestras, Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Tony Orlando, and Wilco performed at these events. MAUS reached underserved groups and attracted large crowds. Young kids participated in this family learning experience - often the first time they looked through a telescope. While < 50% of the participants took part in a science activity in the past year, they

  7. Codelivery of zoledronic acid and double-stranded RNA from core-shell nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan W

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Li Chen,1 Yunfei Ding,2 Yongzhong Wang,3 Xingrong Liu,2 RJ Babu,1 WR Ravis,1 Weili Yan21Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Life Sciences and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China; 3School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, Hefei, ChinaBackground: Zoledronic acid, an inhibitor of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, has been shown to have both direct and indirect antitumor activity. However, its use in extraskeletal malignancy is limited due to rapid uptake and accumulation within bone. Polyinosinic acid-polycytidylic acid [poly (I:C] is a synthetic double-stranded RNA with direct antitumor cytotoxicity if it can be delivered to tumor cells intracellularly.Methods: Cationic lipid-coated calcium phosphate nanoparticles (LCP were developed to enable intracellular codelivery of zoledronic acid and poly (I:C. LCP codelivering zoledronic acid and poly (I:C were prepared using an ethanol injection method. Briefly, the ethanol solution of lipids was rapidly injected into newly formed calcium phosphate crystals containing poly (I:C and zoledronic acid, and the mixture was then sonicated briefly to form LCP. The LCP were fully characterized for mean diameter size and zeta potential, efficiency in loading zoledronic acid, cytotoxic effect in a B16BL6 melanoma cell line in vitro, and antitumor effect in B16BL6 melanoma-bearing mice.Results: LCP with a mean diameter around 200 nm and a narrow size distribution (polydispersity index 0.17 and high zoledronic acid encapsulation efficiency (94% were achieved. LCP loaded with zoledronic acid and poly (I:C had significantly greater antitumor activity than the free drugs in the B16BL6 melanoma cell line (P < 0.05. Furthermore, codelivery of zoledronic acid and poly (I:C by LCP had higher cytotoxicity than delivering poly (I:C alone by LCP (P < 0.05, indicating a synergism

  8. Spinal cord stimulation for treatment of the pain associated with hereditary multiple osteochondromas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirpuri RG

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Ravi G Mirpuri,1 Jereme Brammeier,2 Hamilton Chen,2 Frank PK Hsu,1,3 Vi K Chiu,4 Eric Y Chang1,2,5 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitaiton, 2Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care, 3Department of Neurological Surgery, 4Department of Medicine, 5Reeve-Irvine Research Center for Spinal Cord Injury, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA Objective: Hereditary multiple osteochondromas (HMO usually presents with neoplastic lesions throughout the skeletal system. These lesions frequently cause chronic pain and are conventionally treated with surgical resection and medication. In cases where conventional treatments have failed, spinal cord stimulation (SCS could be considered as a potential option for pain relief. The objective of this case was to determine if SCS may have a role in treating pain secondary to neoplastic lesions from HMO. Case presentation: We report a 65-year-old female who previously received both surgical and pharmacological interventions for treating HMO neoplastic pain in the lumbar, pelvis, femur, and tibial regions. These interventions either failed to offer significant pain relief or caused excessive lethargy. A SCS trial was then offered with a dual 16-contact lead trial leading to 70%–80% improvement in pain from baseline and 85% reduction in oxycodone IR intake. This was followed by permanent implantation of two 2×8 contact paddle leads (T7–T8 and T9–T10 interspaces. After 8-week follow-up, settings were further optimized resulting in an additional 30% improvement in pain compared to last visit. At 6-month follow-up, the patient reported continued pain relief. Conclusion: This case demonstrates the first successful use of SCS to treat both HMO and nonmalignant neoplastic-related pain. The patient reported pain improvement from baseline, reduced pain medication requirements, and subjective improvement in quality of life. Additionally, this case demonstrates the potential advantage of

  9. Frequent respiratory events in postoperative patients aged 60 years and above

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Broens SJL

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Suzanne JL Broens,1 Xuan He,1 Rachel Evley,2 Erik Olofsen,1 Marieke Niesters,1 Ravi P Mahajan,2 Albert Dahan,1 Monique van Velzen1 1Department of Anesthesiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, the Netherlands; 2Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK Abstract: There is limited information on the occurrence of respiratory events in postoperative patients after discharge from the postanesthesia care unit. We studied the respiratory rate (RR of 68 patients aged 60 years and above during the first 6 hours following elective surgery under general anesthesia to assess the frequency of respiratory events in the care unit and on the ward. RR was derived from the continuous RR counter RespiR8, measuring RR by quantifying the humidity of exhaled air. One-minute-averaged RRs were collected and analyzed to assess the frequency of postoperative bradypnea (RR 1–6 breaths/minute and apnea (cessation of inspiratory flow ≥60 seconds. Values were median (interquartile range or mean (SD. The median RR was 13 (10–15 breaths/minute. In the 6-hour postoperative period, 78% and 57% of patients experienced at least one bradypnea or apnea event, respectively. A median of ten (3.5–24 bradypnea and three (1–11 apnea events were detected per patient. The occurrence of respiratory events in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU was a predictor of events on the ward (bradypnea, r2=0.4, P<0.001; apnea, r2=0.2, P<0.001. Morphine consumption correlated weakly with respiratory events in the PACU, but not on the ward. Patients with apnea had significantly larger neck circumference than patients without (39.6 [0.7] versus 37.4 [0.8] cm, P<0.05. Bradypneic or apneic respiratory events are frequent in postoperative elderly patients and even occur relatively late after surgery. Continuous respiratory monitoring on the ward, especially in patients with risk factors, such as early occurrence of events, opioid use, and larger

  10. A Rare Occurrence of Shagreen Patch on the Face of a Pediatric Patient with Tuberous Sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ambey RAVI

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite this Article: Ravi A, Veerabhadra D, Richa G, Ngangbam S. A Rare Occurrence of Shagreen Patch on the Face of aPediatric Patient with Tuberous Sclerosis. Iranian Journal of Child Neurology 2012;6(1:39-42.Tuberous sclerosis is a neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by a clinical spectrum varying from severe mental retardation and incapacitating seizures to normal intelligence and lack of seizures, often within the same family(1. The younger the patients present with symptoms and signs of TSC (tuberous sclerosis complex, the greater are the likelihood of mental retardation (2. Skin features are very characteristic of the disease and help in the early diagnosis of the disease. Shagreen patch is one of the major diagnostic features of the disease. It is a less common skin lesion consisting of an excess amount of fibrous tissue similar to that found in scar tissues (3. It is a section of thickened, elevated pebbly skin like an orange peel. The name is derived from the French phrase “peau chagrinee”. It is usually found on the lower back, buttock, thigh and the nape of the neck commonly. In this case report we report a characteristic skin lesion, the shagreen patch in a six-year-old child with TSC at an unusual site (the cheek never reported before with the best of our knowledge.References: 1. Datta AK, Mandal S, Bhattacharya S. Autism and mentalretardation with convulsion in tuberous sclerosis: a casereport. Cases J 2009;2:7061.2. Haslam RHA. Neurocutaneous syndrome. In KliegmanRM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF (editors.Nelson Text book of Pediatrics,18th Edition. NewDelhi: Elsevier. 2008.P. 2485-6.3. Mallory SB (editor. Illustrated manual of pediatricdermatology, diagnosis and management, 1st Edition.UK:Taylor & Francis. 2005.P. 369-89.4. Roach ES, DiMario FJ, Kandt RS, Northrup H. TuberousSclerosis Consensus Conference: recommendationsfor diagnostic evaluation. National Tuberous SclerosisAssociation. J Child Neurol 1999 Jun;14

  11. Situación del búfalo de agua en Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Rosales Rodríguez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La historia del búfalo de agua en Costa Rica no es nueva, este animal llegó en el año 1974, gracias a una importación que hizo Japdeva, con el objetivo de incorporar una nueva alternativa de producción animal para el Atlántico costarricense.En esa ocasión, se importó un hato compuesto por dieciocho hembras y dos machos de la raza bufalypso, raza reconocida desde 1963, la cual se formó en Trinidad y Tobago a partir del cruce indiscriminado de las razas Murrah, Jafarabadi, Nagpuri, Surti y Nili-Ravi. El doctor Steven Bennett, creador de esta raza, buscó que los animales fueran bayos o amarillos para diferenciarlos, aunque el color de su piel es variable (negro, amarillento, esta característica aún no se ha fijado (Bourne. 1988.Estos animales se mantuvieron en la Finca Blanco, en Limón, como animales exóticos. Sin embargo, ocho años después, por intereses institucionales, Japdeva decide hacer una distribución de los doscientos veinticinco animales que formaban el hato. Los animales fueron enviados a diferentes instituciones, ubicadas en Bananito, Limón centro, La Bomba, Siquirres, Guápiles, Pococí, Puerto Viejo y Río Frío de Sarapiquí, Santa Clara y Muelle de San Carlos, Upala, Tres Ríos, y Palmar Sur, con el fin de fomentar esta actividad país.Las personas e instituciones que los recibieron, por desconocimiento, los trataron como si fueran vacunos, lo cual generó problemas con el manejo de los animales.Actualmente, se encuentran búfalos de agua en todo el territorio nacional, en su mayoría, con poca orientación en su producción. Pocos productores tienen claro el potencial que ofrece este animal para su explotación para producción de leche, para carga y en algunos terminan en el matadero (Rosales y Wingching, 2007.

  12. FEEDING COMPLETELY MIXED RATIONS BASED ON UNTREATED, UREA OR AMMONIUM BICARBONATE TREATED WHEAT STRAW TO BUFFALO CALVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanat Ali, M. Fatahullah Khan and Muhmmad Ayaz

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Eight young male buffalo calves of Nili-Ravi breed, randomly divided into two groups A and B (4 animals in each with a mean initial body weight of 115.3 ± 12.4 and 117.0 ± 7.3 kg respectively, were used for this study. Three is nitrogenous and is energetic completely mixed rations based on untreated (UWSR, urea-treated (Ur- TWSR and ammonium bicarbonate treated (Am- TWSR wheat straw, were prepared. Treatment of chopped wheat straw in mud houses with either urea or ammonium bicarbonate increased its crude protein content tom 3.2 (untreated to 8.7 and 9.5% (for treated respectively. The feeding trials were conducted in the 2 phases. During the Fist phase, the animals were fed Ur- TWSR and Am- TWSR for a period of 63 days. In the 2nd phase UWSR and Ur- TWSR were compared for a period of 76 days. At the end of each experimental phase a digestion trial was conducted. The results indicated that the animals fed Ur- TWSR showed the best average daily live weight gain (0.72 kg as compared to both the UWSR (0.59 kg and Am- TWSR (0.41 kg. The performance of the animals on Am- TWSR was the poorest. No significant differences were observed in the average daily teed intake of animals fed UWSR and Ur- TWSR. The animals fed Am- TWSR consumed; significantly (P <0.05 less feed as compared to UWSR and Ur- TWSR. The best feed conversion ratio was observed for the Ur- TWSR. The apparent digestibility coefficients for dry matter, crude protein, crude fibre and ether extract measured by total collection method indicated that Ur- TWSR was significantly (P<0.05 better digestible as compared to other rations. The cost per kg live weight gain in animals fed Ur- TWSR was significantly (P <0.05 less as compared to other rations. It is concluded that buffalo calves can efficiently and. economically be raised on completely mixed urea treated wheat straw based rations.

  13. EFFECT OF UN-DEGRADABLE PROTEIN SUPPLEMENTATION ON SEMEN QUALITY OF BUFFALO BULLS UNDER HEAT STRESS CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shafqat Hussain, M.M. Siddiqui and G. Habib

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available A study was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding un-degradable protein (UDP supplement on the semen quality of buffalo bulls during hot and humid part of summer season in Peshawar. Six Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls maintained at a semen production unit, Peshawar were randomly divided into two equal groups (control and treatment; Both groups were fed a basal diet of maize fodder ( 15 Kg/day/bull and wheat straw (6 Kg/day/bull. Bulls in the control group received 5 kg /day/head of a commercial concentrate while the treatment group was fed 3 Kg commercial concentrate and 1 Kg UDP supplement. Both supplements were iso-nitrogenous and provided 150g nitrogen /head/day. The diets were fed in a switch over design over two periods. Each period lasted for 32 days. One-week adaptation period was allowed at the start of each experimental period. In~sacco protein degradability at 12 hours incubation for commercial concentrate and UDP supplement was 72.87 and 43.46%, respectively. Mean ambient temperature, humidity and temperature-humidity-index were 32.01°C, 66.66% and 84.97, respectively: Semen volume of bulls in the control and treatment groups did not vary and averaged 6.87 ± 0.41 and 7.41 ± 0.56 mI/collection day with a mean sperm concentration of 1004.5 ± 69.06 and 969.14 ± 77.88 xI06/ml, respectively. Number, of defective sperms (head abl1ormalities, mid-piece defects, proximal droplet and tail defects in the control and treatment groups was not different. Feeding of UDP supplement did not influence the blood concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, urea al1d glucose. The absence of UDP effect on semen volume, and quality could be attributed to low thermal stress, feeding small quantity of UDP and less number of replicate bulls used in the present study.

  14. WE-G-17A-05: Real-Time Catheter Localization Using An Active MR Tracker for Interstitial Brachytherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, W; Damato, A; Viswanathan, A; Cormack, R [Dana Farber Cancer Institute / Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Penzkofer, T; Schmidt, E [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Pan, L; Gilson, W [Siemens Corporation, Corporate Technology, Baltimore, MD (United States); Seethamraju, R [Siemens Healthcare, Boston, MA (United States)

    2014-06-15

    ionizing radiation, with the potential to enable dosimetric guidance of catheter placement. We gratefully acknowledge support from the American Heart Association SDG 10SDG2610139, NIH 1R21CA158987-01A1, U41-RR019703, and R21 CA 167800, as well as a BWH Department of Radiation Oncology post-doctoral fellowship support. Li Pan and Wesley Gilson are employees of Siemens Corporation, Corporate Technology. Ravi Seethamraju is an employee of Siemens Healthcare.

  15. Targeting myeloid-derived suppressor cells augments antitumor activity against lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srivastava MK

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Minu K Srivastava,1,2 Li Zhu,1,2 Marni Harris-White,2 Min Huang,1–3 Maie St John,1,3 Jay M Lee,1,3 Ravi Salgia,4 Robert B Cameron,1,3,5 Robert Strieter,6 Steven Dubinett,1–3 Sherven Sharma1–31Department of Medicine, UCLA Lung Cancer Research Program, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 2Molecular Gene Medicine Laboratory, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, 3Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 4Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 5Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, 6Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USAAbstract: Lung cancer evades host immune surveillance by dysregulating inflammation. Tumors and their surrounding stromata produce growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines that recruit, expand, and/or activate myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs. MDSCs regulate immune responses and are frequently found in malignancy. In this review the authors discuss tumor-MDSC interactions that suppress host antitumor activities and the authors' recent findings regarding MDSC depletion that led to improved therapeutic vaccination responses against lung cancer. Despite the identification of a repertoire of tumor antigens, hurdles persist for immune-based anticancer therapies. It is likely that combined therapies that address the multiple immune deficits in cancer patients will be required for effective therapy. MDSCs play a major role in the suppression of T-cell activation and they sustain tumor growth, proliferation, and metastases. Regulation of MDSC recruitment, differentiation or expansion, and inhibition of the MDSC suppressive function with pharmacologic agents will be useful in the control of cancer growth and progression. Pharmacologic agents that regulate MDSCs may be more effective when combined with

  16. MicroRNA activity profile in the ovarian cancer cell line OVCAR3 identifies a proapoptotic effect of miR-23a

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andikyan V

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Vaagn Andikyan,1 Gregory Mullokandov,2 Judith Agudo,2 Ravi Sachidanandam,3,4 David Fishman,1 Alessia Baccarini,2 Brian D Brown2,3 1Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Science, 2Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, 3Tisch Cancer Institute, 4Department of Oncological Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA Introduction: Molecular profiling has revealed that many microRNAs (miRNAs are highly expressed in ovarian carcinoma. However, it is not yet known which miRNAs are biologically active (ie, they suppress expression of a target gene in ovarian cancer cells. Here we set out to determine the most active miRNAs in ovarian cancer cells. Methods: We performed miRNA molecular profiling by quantitative polymerase chain reaction array, and measured miRNA activity using a library of sensor vectors for 291 different conserved miRNAs. We inhibited miR-23a activity using a lentiviral-based decoy, and measured the percentage of apoptotic cells by flow cytometry. Results: Our miRNA activity profiling identified 54 active miRNAs in OVCAR3 cells, and found that over 150 miRNAs had no detectable activity. To study the function of an active miRNA, we selected miR-23a for further analysis. We inhibited miR-23a in OVCAR3 cells using a decoy vector, and found that there was decreased cell death compared to control (7.4%±1.4% versus 11.2%±0.5%; P<0.05 when the cells were treated with cisplatin. Moreover, the percentage of apoptotic cells was significantly lower in miR-23a inhibited cells compared to control (2.3%±0.4% versus 9.4%±2.6%; P<0.05. Conclusion: This study identifies the active miRNAs in OVCAR3 cells, and suggests that miR-23a may help to regulate chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer cells. Keywords: ovarian cancer, OVCAR3, microRNA profiling, miR-23a, apoptosis

  17. Yttrium-90 resin microspheres as an adjunct to sorafenib in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahvash A

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Armeen Mahvash,1 Ravi Murthy,1 Bruno C Odisio,1 Kanwal Pratap Raghav,2 Lauren Girard,2 Sheree Cheung,1 Van Nguyen,3 Joe Ensor,4 Sameer Gadani,5 Khaled M Elsayes,6 Reham Abdel-Wahab,1,7 Manal Hassan,1 Ahmed S Shalaby,1 James C Yao,1 Michael J Wallace,1 Ahmed O Kaseb2 1Department of Interventional Radiology, 2Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, 3Department of Pharmacy, 4Department of Statistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 5Department of Radiology, Saint Louis University Hospital, St Louis, MO, 6Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA; 7Department of Clinical Oncology, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt Purpose: The safety and efficacy of the combined use of sorafenib and yttrium-90 resin microspheres (Y90 RMS to treat advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is not well established. We determined the incidence of adverse events with this combination therapy in patients with advanced HCC at our institution and analyzed the treatment and survival outcomes. Materials and methods: We reviewed the records of 19 patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer class B or C HCC who underwent treatment with Y90 RMS (for 21 sessions while receiving full or reduced doses of sorafenib between January 2008 and May 2010. Therapy response was evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. We evaluated median overall survival (OS and progression-free survival (PFS as well as hepatic and extrahepatic disease PFS and incidence of adverse events. Results: The median patient age was 67 years, and portal or hepatic venous invasion was present in eight patients (42%. Ten patients received reduced doses of sorafenib. The median Y90 radiation activity delivered was 41.2 mCi. The partial response of Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors was observed in four patients (19%. The median hepatic disease PFS was 7.82 months, extrahepatic

  18. The effect of hypnosis on pain and peripheral blood flow in sickle-cell disease: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhatt RR

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Ravi R Bhatt,1 Sarah R Martin,1 Subhadra Evans,2 Kirsten Lung,1 Thomas D Coates,3,4 Lonnie K Zeltzer,1 Jennie C Tsao1 1UCLA Pediatric Pain and Palliative Care Program, Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA; 2School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia; 3Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 4Children’s Center for Cancer and Blood Diseases, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA Background: Vaso-occlusive pain crises (VOCs are the “hallmark” of sickle-cell disease (SCD and can lead to sympathetic nervous system dysfunction. Increased sympathetic nervous system activation during VOCs and/or pain can result in vasoconstriction, which may increase the risk for subsequent VOCs and pain. Hypnosis is a neuromodulatory intervention that may attenuate vascular and pain responsiveness. Due to the lack of laboratory-controlled pain studies in patients with SCD and healthy controls, the specific effects of hypnosis on acute pain-associated vascular responses are unknown. The current study assessed the effects of hypnosis on peripheral blood flow, pain threshold, tolerance, and intensity in adults with and without SCD. Subjects and methods: Fourteen patients with SCD and 14 healthy controls were included. Participants underwent three laboratory pain tasks before and during a 30-minute hypnosis session. Peripheral blood flow, pain threshold, tolerance, and intensity before and during hypnosis were examined. Results: A single 30-minute hypnosis session decreased pain intensity by a moderate amount in patients with SCD. Pain threshold and tolerance increased following hypnosis in the control group, but not in patients with SCD. Patients with SCD exhibited lower baseline peripheral blood flow and a greater increase in blood flow following hypnosis than controls. Conclusion: Given that

  19. Lasteaia ja lõbumaja vahel : Eesti proosa 2008 / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2012-01-01

    ri v. Grauberg ja Monika Vidman "Viirus", "Tõbised" ning "Ravi"

  20. Lasteaia ja lõbumaja vahel : eesti proosa 2008 / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2009-01-01

    ri v. Grauberg ja Monika Vidman "Viirus", "Tõbised" ning "Ravi"

  1. Association between multifocal soft contact lens decentration and visual performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fedtke C

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cathleen Fedtke,1 Klaus Ehrmann,1,2 Varghese Thomas,1 Ravi C Bakaraju1,2 1The Brien Holden Vision Institute, Clinical Trial Research Centre, 2School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the association between decentration of several commercial multifocal soft contact lenses (MFCLs and various objective and subjective visual performance variables in presbyopic and non-presbyopic participants. Materials and methods: All presbyopic (age >40 years, near add ≥+1.25 D and non-presbyopic (age ≥18 years, no near add requirements, spherical equivalent ≤-0.50 D participants were each fitted bilaterally with six and two MFCLs (test lens, respectively, and with one single vision lens (control lens. Lens decentration, ie, the x- and y-differences between the contact lens and pupil centers, was objectively determined. Third-order aberrations were measured and compared. Visual performance (high- and low-contrast acuities and several subjective variables was analyzed for any associations (Pearson’s correlation, r with MFCL decentration. Results: A total of 17 presbyopic (55.1±6.9 years and eight non-presbyopic (31.0±3.3 years participants completed the study. All lenses displayed a temporal–inferior decentration (x=-0.36±0.29 mm, y=-0.28±0.28 mm, mean ± SD. Compared to the control, a significant inferior decentration was found for the Proclear® MFCL Near lens in both groups (ypresbyopic =-0.26 mm, ynon-presbyopic =-0.70 mm and for the Proclear® MFCL Distance lens in the non-presbyopic group (ynon-presbyopic =-0.69 mm. In both groups, lens-induced vertical coma (C(3, -1 was, by at least tenfold, significantly more positive for the Proclear® MFCL Distance lens and significantly more negative for the Proclear® MFCL Near lens. In the presbyopic group, the correlation of total MFCL decentration with vision variables was weak (r<|0

  2. Cold Atmosphere Plasma in Cancer Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keidar, Michael

    2012-10-01

    velocity can have important implications in cancer treatment by localizing the affected area of the tissue and by decreasing metastasic development. In addition, cold plasma treatment has affected the cell cycle of cancer cells. In particular, cold plasma induces a 2-fold increase in cells at the G2/M-checkpoint in both papilloma and carcinoma cells at about 24 hours after treatment, while normal epithelial cells (WTK) did not show significant differences. It was shown that reactive oxygen species metabolism and oxidative stress responsive genes are deregulated. We investigated the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) with cold plasma treatment as a potential mechanism for the tumor ablation observed. [4pt] [1] Shashurin A., Shneider M.N., Dogariu A., Miles R.B. and Keidar M. Appl. Phys. Lett. (2010) 96, 171502.[0pt] [2] Shashurin A., Shneider M.N., Keidar M. Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 21 (2012) 034006.[0pt] [3]. M. Keidar, R. Walk, A. Shashurin, P. Srinivasan, A. Sandler, S. Dasgupta , R. Ravi, R. Guerrero-Preston, B. Trink, British Journal of Cancer, 105, 1295-1301, 2011

  3. Prognostic significance of urinary NGAL in chronic kidney disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patel ML

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Munna Lal Patel,1 Rekha Sachan,2 Ravi Misra,3 Ritul Kamal,4 Radhey Shyam,5 Pushpalata Sachan6 1Department of Medicine, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India; 3Department of Internal Medicine, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India; 4Epidemiology Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR, Lucknow, India; 5Department of Geriatric Intensive Care Unit, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India; 6Department of Physiology, Career Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD is a worldwide public health problem. Recently urinary NGAL (uNGAL has been proven to be a useful (potentially ideal biomarker for early detection of CKD. The aim of the present study was to examine the correlation of uNGAL with severity of renal impairment in CKD and to evaluate its prognostic value in these subjects. Methods: This was a prospective study carried out over a period of 24 months in subjects with CKD due to primary chronic glomerulonephritis. New cases of CKD stage II, III, IV aged between 18 and 65 years were enrolled as per KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guidelines 2012. A total of 90 subjects completed the study up to the end-point. The primary follow-up end-point was 18 months, or decreased glomerular filtration rate of less than 15 mL/min. Secondary follow-up end-point was the number of subjects who expired during this period. Results: Multiple regression model of estimated glomerular filtration rate showed significant associations with log uNGAL (β=0.38, P<0.001, Ca×PO4 (β=0.60, P<0.001, hemoglobin (β=0.37, P<0.001, urine protein (β=0.34, P<0.001, serum albumin (β=0.48, P<0.001, and systolic blood pressure (β=0.76, P<0.001. Receiver operator curve for uNGAL considering the progression of CKD showed area under the curve

  4. Interpretation and collation of field and remote sensed data in Indian Himalayan Glaciers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangewar, C. V.

    2011-12-01

    error which is duly reflected in the estimation of glacier recession/mass balance especially as in the case of Shaune garang glacier(Mukherjee &Sangewar,1997),Panchi Nala I(Patiseo),II(Shukla et al.2010) Gangotri glacier(Sangewar,1997). Glacier inventory of Himalayan glacier, mainly based on field data(Sangewar&Shukla,2009) and on remote sensed data(SAC/ISRO,2011) shows a wide variations in the number of glaciers(Gl no.) as well as glacierised area(sq km) viz. Chenab basin-Gl no.1278(GSI)/1569(SAC), Glacierised area 3058.99(GSI)/4016.91(SAC),Beas basin-Gl no.277(GSI)/335(SAC),Gl area-599.06(GSI)/698.06(SAC),Ravi basin-Gl no.172(GSI)/253(SAC),Gl area-192.75(GSI)/319.16(SAC),Bhagirathi basin-Gl no.238(GSI)/172(SAC),Gl area-755.43(GSI)/992.67(SAC) etc. Considering, wide variations in studies based on field based techniques and remote sensing method an approach is recommended as part of "Report of the Study Group on Himalayan Glaciers-2011" wherein over a selected glacier(s) integrated studies for glacier recession and mass balance by field and remote sensing techniques proposed. Thus the 'evolved model' can be extrapolated to other glaciers in a basin and on regional scale.

  5. Visual performance with multifocal soft contact lenses in non-presbyopic myopic eyes during an adaptation period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fedtke C

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Cathleen Fedtke,1 Klaus Ehrmann,1,2 Varghese Thomas,1 Ravi C Bakaraju,1,2 1The Brien Holden Vision Institute, Clinical Trial Research Centre, 2School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia Purpose: Multifocal soft contact lenses (MFCLs have been proposed and used for controlling the rate of myopia progression; however, little is known on the performance and adaptation with MFCLs in non-presbyopes. This study aims to evaluate the visual performance of four commercially available MFCLs in non-presbyopic myopic eyes during an adaptation period. Methods: Fifty-two experienced myopic contact lens wearers (67% female; mean age 21.4±2.0 years were enrolled in this trial and 40 completed the trial. Twenty-six participants (Group 1 wore Lotrafilcon B single vision (SV, control, Omafilcon A MFCL center-distance (D and center-near (N and the other 26 participants (Group 2 wore Lotrafilcon B SV, Lotrafilcon B MFCL N, and Balafilcon A MFCL N. Lens order was randomized. Participants wore each allocated lens for a minimum of 8 days over four scheduled visits (dispensing and three follow-up visits with a 1-week washout period between the lens types. At each visit, high-contrast visual acuity (HCVA (in logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR] and seven subjective performance variables (via questionnaire were obtained. Power profiles of each lens type, pupil size, and contact lens centration, with lens placed on the eye, were measured. Results: The SV control outperformed the MFCLs in all variables (P<0.05. There were no significant differences in HCVA over time, with the exception of monocular HCVA with Omafilcon A MFCL N, which at the end of the adaptation period had significantly (P<0.05 improved by 0.10 logMAR. No differences were found between visits for any subjective variables. Subjectively, Lotrafilcon B MFCL N performed best and was the only lens that did not decenter significantly

  6. Väike teatmik (Tartu paranoiakriitilise risoomi kohta / A Small Guide to the (Tartu Paranoiac-Critical Rhizome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aare Pilv

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper gives an overview of a network of authors who have been active since the end of the 20th century, mainly (but not only in Tartu. They can be characterized as having an experimental attitude and maintaining distance from the literary mainstream, but at the same time they do not try to be consciously polemical or novatory, because partly they repeat the techniques of the 20th century avant-garde and, what is maybe more important, they sidestep the dialectics of innovating or altering the literary canon. The network is not strictly organized; it is rather a rhizome that has some denser nodes (literary journals and mailing lists. There have been different attempts to name the phenomenon: Tartu avant-garde, microcosmic literature, cognitive realism, Y-literature, "eksp" and so on. I have chosen "paranoiac-critique" as the term that best captures the common characteristics of these authors and their artistic practices (some of the authors are active not only as text writers, but also as conceptual artists.The paper then gives a list, with commentary, of the most important groups and individuals of that movement. In the role of "predecessors" are the group 14NÜ (Paavo Matsin, Mait Laas, Marianne Ravi et al., which also experimented with the format of the book, and a company in Tartu that developed a specific actionist stylistics called "mugiv" (Marko Kompus, Mehis Heinsaar, Martiini, Kaspar et al.. The sovereign figure in the experimental network is Valdur Mikita, who has also academically researched the problems of creativity; he is also a theoretician and metapoet. An important institution for the network has been the literary journal Vihik (initiator Berk Vaher; the later editor of the journal Jaak Tomberg has also participated in activities of the Tartu Theatre Laboratory (managed by Andreas W, which has experimented with "technological theatre". In the middle of the first decade of the 21st century the network has gathered around the

  7. Ash in fire affected ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Paulo; Jordan, Antonio; Cerda, Artemi; Martin, Deborah

    2015-04-01

    the role of ash in fire affected areas. Acknowledgments The 'Litfire' Project (MIP-048/2011; 181 Pereira) funded by the Lithuanian Research Council, Soil quality, erosion control and plant cover recovery under different post-firemanagement scenarios (POSTFIRE), funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (CGL2013-47862-C2-1-R), Preventing and Remediating Degradation of Soils in Europe Through Land Care (RECARE) funded by the European Commission (FP7-ENV-2013-TWO STAGE) and European Research Project LEDDRA (243857) and COST action ES1306 (Connecting European connectivity research). References Balfour, V.N., Determining wildfire ash saturated hydraulic conductivity and sorptivity with laboratory and field methods. Catena. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.01.009 Barreiro, A., Fontúrbel, M.T., Lombao, A., Martín, C., Vega, J.A., Fernández, C., Carballas, T., Díaz-Raviña, M., Using phospholipid fatty acid and community level physiological profiling techniques to characterize soil microbial communities following an experimental fire and different stabilization treatments. Catena. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.07.011 Bodi, M., Martin, D.A., Santin, C., Balfour, V., Doerr, S.H., Pereira, P., Cerda, A., Mataix-Solera, J. (2014) Wildland fire ash: production, composition and eco-hydro-geomorphic effects. Earth-Science Reviews, 130, 103-127. Bodí, M.B., Doerr, S.H., Cerdà, A. and Mataix-Solera, J. (2012) Hydrological effects of a layer of vegetation ash on underlying wettable and water repellent soils. Geoderma, 191, 14-23. Burjachs, F., Expósito, I., Charcoal and pollen analysis: examples of Holocene fire dynamics in Mediterranean Iberian Peninsula. Catena. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.10.006 Burns, K., Gabet, E., The effective viscosity of slurries laden with vegetative ash. Catena. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.06.008 Cerdà, A. Doerr, S.H. (2008). The effect of ash and needle cover on surface runoff and erosion in the immediate post-fire period. Catena, 74 , 256

  8. Reviewer Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2016-06-01

    RRachit NegiRadhika MariappanRafiq MirRahul BansalRahul ChaturvediRahul DandekarRahul KatiyarRaihan BoyleRaja JebasinghRajarajan KRajeev BijalwanRajesh GaikwadRajesh GargRajesh KumarRajesh KunwarRajinder SamyalRaju PatilRakesh KakkarRakesh SharmaRam MandalRama SinghR KamathRanganatha S CRanjana SinghRanjeeta KumariRapolu YadagiriRashmi GodeRashmi HullalliRavi AvRavi ShankarRavikiran KamateRavleen BakshiReema KumariReetu SharmaRenu AgarwalRenu ChauhanRenu SulakheRicha SinhaRijul RanjanRijuta PandavRitika TiwariRitu KashyapRochak SaxenaRohit DhakaRuby KhanRuchi DharRuchi JuyalRuchir RustagiRuchita DixitRujul ShuklaRujuta HadayeRupali RoyS C GuptaS D KandpalS MohapatraS SaxenaSachin GuptaSachin PandeySachin YadavSadhana AwasthiJyoti SharmaSaima AkhundSamarjeet KaurSamreen KhanS ChakrabortySandeep BabarSandeep PanigrahiSandip KumarSanjay GuptaSanjay JhaSanjay PandeySanjay TripathiSanjay ZodpeySanjeev DaveySanjeev GuptaSanjeev KhichiSanjeev KumarS VaithiyalingamSarita SoodSatya LenkaS ChakrabortyS VarshneySayani DuttaSayed K MominSeema DiwanSeema JainSenthil Kumar S KShabnam AnsariShailendra KumarShailesh KawaleShailesh SumanShaili VyasShalini DwivediPooransinghShalini SrivastavShanta KhesSharvanan UdayarShashank K JShazia ShafiSheesham AgarwalSheetal PatelSheikh SaleemShereen SadiqShibani DattaShikha HandaShivani KalraShivani RaoShivender SinghShivraj BhimteShraddha MishraShveta SainiShweta RajpalShyam DixitS ShivalliS MukherjeeSimmi OberoiSindhuri RSitanshu KarSmiji ChiramalSmita ValekarSonal RaniSonali ChoudhariSonia TiwariSonu GoelSrikanth ReddyS RanganathanS Krishnan VSrishti DixitSubodh KarmakarSudharshini SubramaniamSudhir ChawlaSudhir GuptaS BhattacharyaSugandha JauhariSujan MarahattaSumana SamantaSumeet DixitSumit DhruveSumit JethaniSunder LalSuneel KaushalSunil GargSunil MisraSunita DhakedSunny AggarwalSuprakas HazraSurabhi MishraSuraj ChawlaSuraj SenjamSuravi PatraSurekha KishoreS TripathiSurya BaliSushil BansalSushil DalalSushil KabraSushil ShuklaSwapan Maji

  9. Editorial: Focus on X-ray Beams with High Coherence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Ian; Gruebel, Gerhard; Mochrie, Simon

    2010-03-01

    Williams, H M Quiney, A G Peele and K A Nugent Imaging of complex density in silver nanocubes by coherent x-ray diffraction R Harder, M Liang, Y Sun, Y Xia and I K Robinson Methodology for studying strain inhomogeneities in polycrystalline thin films during in situ thermal loading using coherent x-ray diffraction N Vaxelaire, H Proudhon, S Labat, C Kirchlechner, J Keckes, V Jacques, S Ravy, S Forest and O Thomas Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens Martin Dierolf, Pierre Thibault, Andreas Menzel, Cameron M Kewish, Konstantins Jefimovs, Ilme Schlichting, Konstanze von König, Oliver Bunk and Franz Pfeiffer Dose requirements for resolving a given feature in an object by coherent x-ray diffraction imaging Andreas Schropp and Christian G Schroer FLASH: new opportunities for (time-resolved) coherent imaging of nanostructures R Treusch and J Feldhaus Structure of a single particle from scattering by many particles randomly oriented about an axis: toward structure solution without crystallization? D K Saldin, V L Shneerson, M R Howells, S Marchesini, H N Chapman, M Bogan, D Shapiro, R A Kirian, U Weierstall, K E Schmidt and J C H Spence Analysis of strain and stacking faults in single nanowires using Bragg coherent diffraction imaging V Favre-Nicolin, F Mastropietro, J Eymery, D Camacho, Y M Niquet, B M Borg, M E Messing, L-E Wernersson, R E Algra, E P A M Bakkers, T H Metzger, R Harder and I K Robinson Coherent science at the SwissFEL x-ray laser B D Patterson, R Abela, H-H Braun, U Flechsig, R Ganter, Y Kim, E Kirk, A Oppelt, M Pedrozzi, S Reiche, L Rivkin, Th Schmidt, B Schmitt, V N Strocov, S Tsujino and A F Wrulich Energy recovery linac (ERL) coherent hard x-ray sources Donald H Bilderback, Joel D Brock, Darren S Dale, Kenneth D Finkelstein, Mark A Pfeifer and Sol M Gruner Statistical and coherence properties of radiation from x-ray free-electron lasers E L Saldin, E A Schneidmiller and M V Yurkov Microscopic return point memory in Co

  10. Astronomers Gain Clues About Fundamental Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    Carilli, this year's winners of the prestigious Max Planck Research Award of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and the Max Planck Society in Germany. Menten and Carilli have collaborated on research in this area for years, and Kanekar has pioneered the OH molecular technique. Kanekar, Carilli and Menten worked with Glen Langston of NRAO, Graca Rocha of the Cavendish Laboratory in the UK, Francoise Combes of the Paris Observatory, Ravi Subrahmanyan of the Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF), John Stocke of the University of Colorado, Frank Briggs of the ATNF and the Australian National University, and Tommy Wiklind of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Sweden. The scientists reported their findings in the December 31 edition of the scientific journal Physical Review Letters.

  11. Spanish Network on Effects of Wildfires on Soils. The view after 5 years of networking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordán, Antonio; Mataix-Solera, Jorge; Cerdà, Artemi

    2013-04-01

    , 2010 and Tenerife, 2012 (the next meeting will be held in Barcelona in 2014). In addition, several contributions, courses and workshops have been celebrated in Spanish or international forums as the EGU General Assembly, the International Meeting of Fire Effects on Soil Properties (FESP2011 and forthcoming FESP2013) and the International Conference on Geomorphology have been also sponsored. Other activities include the publication of book series (two volumes have been published: Cerdá and Jordán, 2010; Cerdà and Mataix-Solera, 2009. The third one is currently in preparation), books of abstracts (Díaz-Raviña et al., 2010; Jordán et al., 2009), a series of technical reports (in preparation) and special issues in international journals (in, for example, Catena, Geoderma, Environmental Research or the International Journal of Wildland Fire). A four-monthly journal (FLAMMA; http://grupo.us.es/fuegored/flamma) is published regularly since 2010 with an increasing audience and issues scheduled until 2014. Also, the network has promoted voluntary environmental actions and educational activities. 4. MAIN CHALLENGES The next challenges are to continue promoting the interaction between scientists, decision makers, forest management staff and end-users and to establish new connections with European institutions and research groups. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The Spanish Thematic Network "Effects of Wildfires on Soils" was supported between 2007 and 2009 by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (projects CGL2007-28764-E 2007-2008 and CGL2008-01632-E 2009). REFERENCES Cerdà, A. Jordán, A. (Eds.). 2010. Actualización de Métodos y Técnicas para el Estudio de los Suelos Afectados por Incendios Forestales [Updated methods and techniques for the study of soils affected by wildfires; in Spanish]. Cátedra de Divulgació de la Ciència, Universitat de València, FUEGORED 2010. Valencia. 521 pp. ISBN: 978-84-370-7887-8. Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J. (Eds). 2009. Efectos de los

  12. Thyroid Function Test Imbalance in Epileptic Children Under Anticonvulsive Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad TORKAMAN

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite this Article: Ravi Torkaman M, Amirsalari S, Saburi A. Thyroid Function Test Imbalance in Epileptic ChildrenUnder Anticonvulsive Therapy. Iranian Journal of Child Neurology 2012;6(1:43-44. Dear Editor,There have been many studies regarding the impact of antiepileptic drugs(AEDs on thyroid function. There are some challenging scopes which must beconsidered for conducting the study adressing the focused question. “Which oneof the thyroid hormones is related to the AEDs consumption?”. Some studiesdemonstrated that there may be alterations in all thyroid function tests (T3, T4 andTSH after antiepileptic therapy in children (1. Some studies concluded that longtermprescription of anticonvulsive medications resulted in a decline in serum T4levels, although it had no effect on serum TSH levels. However, changes in serumT3 level was challenging and it must be investigated further (2.There were some confounding factors which may interfere with the conclusion.One of them is the type of the study. There are various study plans for this purposesuch as cross-sectional, case-control, experimental, self-controlled cohort anddouble-blind randomized clinical trial studies. It seems that the proper protocol ofstudy for this propose is a double-blind randomized clinical trial study. By usingother designs, the authors cannot interpret the effect of AEDs on thyroid function;however, they can discuss the prevalence of thyroid hormone imbalance and thecoordination among T3, T4 and TSH.Moreover, one of the confounding factors is the thyroid binding globulin (TBGeffect. It has appeared that some of the AEDs may change the amount of TBGand in this way may affect the amount of thyroid hormones (3. Clonazepamand valproic acid do not have any enzyme inducing effects, but phenobarbital,carbamazepine, phenytoin and primidone may induce the hepatic enzyme (4-6. Therefore, it seems necessary to analyze each group of patients based on thetype of drug which is

  13. Abstracts from the 15th International Myopia Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Benavente-Perez

    2016-11-01

    against form deprivation myopia in chickens, by local signaling within the retina Ladan Ghodsi, William K. Stell O14 Contributions of ON and OFF pathways to emmetropization and form deprivation myopia in mice Machelle T. Pardue, Ranjay Chakraborty, Han na Park, Curran S. Sidhu, P. Michael Iuvone O15 Response of the human choroid to defocus Michael J Collins O16 What can RNA sequencing tell us about myopic sclera? Nethrajeith Srinvasalu, Sally A McFadden, Paul N Baird O17 Overview of dopamine, retinal function, and myopia P. Michael Iuvone O18 The eye as a "robust" optical system and myopia Pablo Artal O19 Effect of discontinuation of orthokeratology lens wear on axial elongation in children Pauline Cho, SW Cheung O20 Myopia prevention in Taiwan Pei-Chang Wu O21 Alternatives to ultraviolet light and riboflavin for in vivo crosslinking of scleral collagen Quan V. Hoang, Sally A. McFadden O22 Absence of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGC alters normal refractive development in mice Ranjay Chakraborty, Duk C. Lee, Erica G. Landis, Michael A. Bergen, Curran Sidhu, Samer Hattar, P. Michael Iuvone, Richard A. Stone, Machelle T. Pardue O23 Scleral micro-RNAs in myopia development and their potential as therapeutic targets Ravi Metlapally O24 Effects of the long-wavelength filtered continuous spectrum on emmetropization in juvenile guinea pigs Ruiqin Li, Qinglin Xu, Hong Zhon, Chenglin Pan, Weizhon Lan, Xiaoning Li, Ling Chen, Zhikuan Yang O25 Ocular and environmental factors associated with eye growth in childhood Scott A. Read O26 Overview- prevention and prediction of myopia and pathologic myopia Seang-Mei Saw O27 New insights into the roles of retinal dopamine in form-deprivation myopia and refractive development in C57BL/6 mice Shi-Jun Weng, Xiao-Hua Wu, Kang-Wei Qian, Yun-Yun Li, Guo-Zhong Xu, Furong Huang, Xiangtian Zhou, Jia Qu, Xiong-Li Yang, Yong-Mei Zhong O28 The effects of the adenosine antagonist, 7-methylxanthine, on refractive development in

  14. Wildland fire ash: future research directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodí, Merche B.; Martins, Deborah A.; Cerdà, Artemi; Balfour, Victoria N.; Santin, Cristina; Doerr, Stefan H.; Pereira, Paulo; Mataix-Solera, Jorge

    2014-05-01

    . Hydrological effects of a layer of vegetation ash on underlying wettable and water repellent soils. Geoderma, 191, 14-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.01.006 Bodí, M.B., Muñoz-Santa, I., Armero, C., Doerr, S.H., Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà, A. 2013. Spatial and temporal variations of water repellency and probability of its occurrence in calcareous Mediterranean rangeland soils affected by fires. Catena, 108, 14-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2012.04.002 Bodí, Merche B., Martin, Deborah A., Balfour, Victoria N., Santín, Cristina, Doerr, Stefan H., Pereira, Paulo, Cerdà, Artemi, Mataix-Solera, Jorge, Wildland fire ash: Production, composition and eco-hydro-geomorphic effects, Earth Science Reviews (2014), doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2013.12.007 Cerdà, A. 1998. Changes in overland flow and infiltration after a rangeland fire in a Mediterranean scrubland. Hydrological Processes, 12, 1031-1042. Cerdà, A. y Doerr, S.H. 2008. The effect of ash and needle cover on surface runoff and erosion in the immediate post-fire period. Catena, 74 , 256- 263. doi:10.1016/S0341-8162(02)00027-9 Dlapa, P., Bodí, M.B., Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà, A., &, Doerr, S.H. 2013. FT-IR spectroscopy reveals that ash water repellency is highly dependent on ash chemical composition. Catena, 108, 35-43. Doi:10.1016/j.catena.2012.02.011 Fernández, C., Vega, J. A., Jiménez, E., Vieira, D. C. S., Merino, A., Ferreiro, A., Fonturbel, T. 2012. Seeding and mulching + seeding effects on post-fire runoff, soil erosion and species diversity in Galicia (NW Spain). Land Degradation & Development, 23: 150- 156. DOI 10.1002/ldr.1064 Guénon, R., Vennetier, M., Dupuy, N., Roussos, S., Pailler, A., Gros, R. 2013. Trends in recovery of Mediterranean soil chemical properties and microbial activities after infrequent and frequent wildfires. Land Degradation & Development, 24: 115- 128. DOI 10.1002/ldr.1109 Martín, A., Díaz-Raviña, M., Carballas, T. 2012. Short- and medium-term evolution of soil

  15. Soil erosion after forest fires in the Valencia region

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Pelayo, Óscar; Keizer, Jan Jacob; Cerdà, Artemi

    2014-05-01

    spain. Annales Geophysicae. C531. Martín, A., Díaz-Raviña, M., Carballas, T. 2012. Short- and medium-term evolution of soil properties in Atlantic forest ecosystems affected by wildfires. Land Degradation & Development, 23: 427- 439. DOI 10.1002/ldr.1078 Mataix-Solera, J., Doerr, S.H. 2004. Hydrophobic and aggregate stability in calcareous topsoils from fire-affected pine forest in southeastern Spain. Geoderma 118, 77-88. Mayor, A.G., Bautista, S., Llovet, L., Bellot, J. 2007. Post-fire hydrological and erosional responses of a Mediterranean landscape: Seven years of catchment-scale dynamics. Catena 71, 68-75. Pausas, J.G. 2004. Changes in fire and climate in the eastern Iberian Peninsula (Mediterranean basin). Climatic Change 63: 337-350. Rubio, J.L., Andreu, V., Cerni, R. 1994. A monitoring system for experimental soil erosion plots. In: Rickson, R.J. (Ed.), Conserving Soil Resources: European Perspectives. CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 127-135. Rubio, J.L., Forteza, J., Andreu,V., Cerní, R. 1997. Soil profile characteristics influencing runoff and soil erosion after forest fire: A case of study (Valencia, Spain). Soil Technology 11, 67-78. Sanroque, P., Rubio, J.L., Mansanet, J. 1985. Efectos de los incendios forestales en las propiedades del suelo, en la composición florística y en la erosión hídrica de zonas forestales de Valencia (España). Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 22 (2), 131-147.

  16. Channel geometry and discharge estimates for Dao and Niger Valles, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musiol, S.; van Gasselt, S.; Neukum, G.

    2008-09-01

    Introduction The outflow channels Dao and Niger Valles are located at the eastern rim of the 2000-km diameter Hellas Planitia impact basin, in a transition zone with ancient cratered terrain and the volcanoes Hadriaca and Tyrrhena Patera (Hesperia Planum) on the one hand and fluvial, mass-wasting and aeolian deposits on the other hand [1]. Dao and Niger have alcove-shaped source regions similar to the chaotic terrains found in the Margaritifer Terra region, with flat floors, landslide morphologies and small, chaotically distributed isolated mounds. As [2] pointed out, the intrusion of volcanic material could be responsible for the release of pressurized water that can carry loose material away. This process could than have created a depression and an associated outflow channel. In contrast to [2] who made their calculations for Aromatum Chaos and Ravi Vallis, we have focused on Dao and Niger Valles for investigation, since they are spatially related to the nearby Hadriaca Patera. Heat-triggered outflow events seem likely. We follow the generally accepted assumption that water was the main erosional agent [3]. Furthermore we take into account that multiple floods with different volumes are more likely than a single event because of repressurization of an aquifer [4]. Background Hadriaca Patera Hadriaca Patera is among the oldest central-vent volcanoes on Mars, a low-relief volcano with a central caldera complex which consists predominantly of pyroclastic material. The erosional structure of degraded valleys on its flanks is indicative of dissection by a combination of groundwater sapping and surface runoff, attributed to a hydromagmatic eruption scenario [5]. Dao Vallis Dao Vallis is interpreted as collapse region of volcanic and sedimentary plains that have been eroded by surface and subsurface flow [5]. The approximately radial alignment to Hellas is interpreted as following deep-seated structural weakness zones generated by the impact. Small grabens and fractures

  17. Proceedings of the International Cancer Imaging Society (ICIS 16th Annual Teaching Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dow-Mu Koh

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents O1 Tumour heterogeneity: what does it mean? Dow-Mu Koh O2 Skeletal sequelae in adult survivors of childhood cancer Sue Creviston Kaste O3 Locoregional effects of breast cancer treatment Sarah J Vinnicombe O4 Imaging of cancer therapy-induced CNS toxicity Giovanni Morana, Andrea Rossi O5 Screening for lung cancer Christian J. Herold O6Risk stratification of lung nodules Theresa C. McLoud O7 PET imaging of pulmonary nodules Kirk A Frey O8 Transarterial tumour therapy Bernhard Gebauer O9 Interventional radiology in paediatric oncology Derek Roebuck O10 Image guided prostate interventions Jurgen J. Fütterer O11 Imaging cancer predisposition syndromes Alexander J. Towbin O12Chest and chest wall masses Thierry AG Huisman O13 Abdominal masses: good or bad? Anne MJB Smets O14 Hepatobiliary MR contrast: enhanced liver MRI for HCC diagnosis and management Giovanni Morana O15 Role of US elastography and multimodality fusion for managing patients with chronic liver disease and HCC Jeong Min Lee O16 Opportunities and challenges in imaging metastatic disease Hersh Chandarana O17 Diagnosis, treatment monitoring, and follow-up of lymphoma Marius E. Mayerhoefer, Markus Raderer, Alexander Haug O18 Managing high-risk and advanced prostate cancer Matthias Eiber O19 Immunotherapy: imaging challenges Bernhard Gebauer O20 RECIST and RECIST 1.1 Andrea Rockall O21 Challenges of RECIST in oncology imaging basics for the trainee and novice Aslam Sohaib O22 Lymphoma: PET for interim and end of treatment response assessment: a users’ guide to the Deauville Score Victoria S Warbey O23 Available resources Hebert Alberto Vargas O24 ICIS e-portal and the online learning community Dow-Mu Koh O25 Benign lesions that mimic pancreatic cancer Jay P Heiken O26 Staging and reporting pancreatic malignancies Isaac R Francis, Mahmoud, M Al-Hawary, Ravi K Kaza O27 Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm Giovanni Morana O28 Cystic pancreatic tumours Mirko D’Onofrio O

  18. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2012-08-01

    , Kingdom of Bahrain. The main objective of this paper was to develop a holonomic instructional strategy for Web-based and blended learning. This strategy is guided by the non-linear and interactive features of learning environments. The 15th article from India, on “A Study of Attitude And Perception of The Learners Towards Distance Education In Relation To Their Biographical Factors” written by Samir Kumar LENKA and Ravi KANT, from Maulana Azad National Urdu University. In this study, with the help of one self made tool and a sample of 150 graduate distance learners, it is revealed that gender plays no important role to develop positive attitude and perception. The 16th article arrived from Turkey on “Interaction In Distance Nursing Education” written by Belgin BOZ YUKSEKDAG, Anadolu University, Open Education Faculty, Eskisehir. The purpose of this study is to determine psychiatry nurses’ attitudes toward the interactions in distance nursing education, and also scrunize their attitudes based on demographics and computer/Internet usage. The 17th article arrived to us from India and written by Dhamdhere SANGEETA NAMDEV from Modern College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Ganesh-Khind, Pune, INDIA, on “Ict And Web Technology Based Innovations In Education Sector”. In this study, paper highlights innovation in education sector and libraries and impact of web 2.0 on students, teaching learning process, educational policies. Future 3.0 generation will be discussed in detail. The article is which numbered as 18 from Malaysia. Article is titled as “Cultural Variations In Learning And Learning Styles”, written by Pegah OMIDVAR and Bee Hoon TAN, Department of English Language, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Putra University. This study summarizes results of the existing research on cultural variations in learning styles. Limitations of the existing studies are discussed and some suggestion for future research is proposed. The 19th article is on