Sample records for mesoatoms

  1. Cosmic Rays and Clouds, 1. Formation of Lead Mesoatoms In Neutron Monitor By Soft Negative Muons and Expected Atmospheric Electric Field Effect In The Cosmic Ray Neutron Component (United States)

    Dorman, L. I.; Dorman, I. V.

    We extend our model (Dorman and Dorman, 1995) of cosmic ray atmospheric electric field effect on the case of neutron monitor. We take into account that about 0.07 of neu- tron monitor counting rate caused by negative soft muons captured by lead nucleons and formed mesoatoms with generation of several MeV energy neutrons from lead. In this case the neutron monitor or neutron supermonitor works as analyzer which de- tects muons of only one, negative sign. It is very important because the atmospheric electric field effect have opposite signs for positive and negative muons that main part of this effect in the muon telescope or in ionization chamber is compensated and we can observe only small part of total effect of one sign muons. On the basis of our gen- eral theory of cosmic ray meteorological effects with taking into account of negative soft muon acceleration and deceleration in the Earth atmosphere (in dependence of di- rection and intensity of electric field) we discuss the possibility of existing this effect in cosmic ray neutron component and made some rough estimations. REFERENCES: Dorman L.I. and Dorman I.V., 1995. "Cosmic-ray atmospheric electric field effects". Canadian J. of Physics, Vol. 73, pp. 440-443.

  2. Galileo-invariant theory of low energy pion-nucleus scattering. III

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mach, R.


    Using two versions of the Galileo-invariant optical model, π - - 4 He elastic scattering cross sections were calculated in the energy interval 50 to 260 MeV. Level shifts and widths of several light π-mesoatoms were estimated in the Born approximation. Whereas the (A+1)-body model appears to be more suitable in the resonance region, the two-body model yields surprisingly good results for both the low-energy scattering and the characteristics of π-mesoatoms. (author)

  3. Quasipotential approach to the Coulomb bound state problem for spin-0 and spin-/sup 1///sub 2/ particles

    CERN Document Server

    Rizov, V A; Todorov, I T


    A recently proposed local quasipotential equation is reviewed and applied to the electromagnetic interaction of a spin-0 and a spin-/sup 1///sub 2/ particle. The Dirac particle is treated in a covariant two- component formalism in the neighbourhood of the mass shell. The fine structure of the bound state energy levels and the main part of the Lamb shift (of order alpha /sup 5/In(1/ alpha ) are evaluated with full account of relativistic recoil effects (without using any inverse mass expansion). Possible relevance of the techniques developed in this paper to fine structure calculations for meso-atomic systems is pointed out. (14 refs).

  4. Explanation od sudden temperature dependence of muon catalysis in solid deuterium

    CERN Document Server

    Gershtejn, S S


    It is indicated, that the elastic scattering of the d mu-meson atoms in the solid deuterium at sufficiently low temperatures (as well as of slow neutrons) occurs on the whole crystalline lattice practically without energy loss, and the inelastic collision with the phonon excitation is low.Therefore, the resonance formation of the dd mu-molecules in the solid deuterium takes place before the d mu mesoatoms thermalization and it explains practically observed independence of the dd mu-molecules formation rate and muon catalysis of the temperatures

  5. Schwinger variational principle in charged particle scattering by mesic atoms and atoms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zubarev, A.L.; Podkopaev, A.P.


    The way for solving the strong channel coupling method equation with the use of the Shcwinger variational method is proposed. The equation obtained is valid for atomic and mesoatomic physics when the account of the large number of closed channels is necessary and virtual transitions in continuum. In this variational method the trial functions are chosen in the form of expansion into eigenfunctions. The region of the equation validity is found. The problems of the e + H and p-dμ scattering are studied. The e + H scattering length turns out to be 1.8 a. u. which is in accordance with other results. The scattering cross section for p-dμ scattering is equal to 5.7x10 -21 cm -2 which also qualitatively is in agreement with results obtained elsewhere. The bound state which is stable relative to the decay into a positron and hydrogen atom is found for the e + H system [ru

  6. The Schwinger variational principle in the quantum-mechanical three-body problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Podkopaev, A.P.; Subarev, A.I.; Wrzecionko, J.


    The Schwinger variational principle (SVP) is applied to problems of atomic (e + H scattering), mesoatomic (p(dμ) scattering) and nuclear (pion-deuteron scattering) physics. The convergence of the Schwinger variational iterative method is investigated. It is shown that in some cases there occurs a pathological convergence. It means that the iterative procedure is convergent, but not to the exact solution. The method of strong coupling of channels is reformulated on the basis of SVP. it permits the summation over all closed channels. The obtained equations are applied to the calculations of the low energy scattering parameters of the following processes: e + H → e + H; πd → πd. The dependence on πN scattering lengths and effective radii is investigated. It is shown that the contribution of closed channels to the π - d scattering length is 30 percent