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Sample records for merusk vallo olle

  1. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseadus : kommenteeritud väljaanne / toimetuskolleegium: Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Berit Aaviksoo, Oliver Kask, Lasse Lehis, Lauri Madise, Ülle Madise, Kalle Merusk, Lauri Mälksoo, Raul Narits, Vallo Olle, Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kommentaaride autorid ja sisu: Sissejuhatus / Raul Narits, Lauri Madise, Heinrich Schneider. Preambul / Raul Narits, Heinrich Schneider. I ptk. / Kalle Merusk, Taavi Annus, Madis Ernits, Heiki Lindpere, Lauri Madise. II ptk. / Oliver Kask, Madis Ernits, Taavi Annus, Peeter Roosma, Rait Maruste, Eerik Kergandberg, Ivo Pilving, Uno Lõhmus, Merilin Kiviorg, Einar Vene, Ülle Madise. III ptk. / Oliver Kask. IV ptk. / Lauri Madise, Aaro Mõttus, Jüri Põld, Tiina Runthal. V ptk. / Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Ülle Madise, Jüri Põld, Urmas Reinsalu. VI ptk. / Kalle Merusk, Jüri Põld. VII ptk. / Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Jüri Liventaal, Jüri Põld. VIII ptk. / Lasse Lehis. IX ptk. / Kristi Land, Heiki Lindpere, Lauri Madise, Heiki Pisuke. X ptk. / Oliver Kask, Enn Markvart, Jüri Põld. XI ptk. / Ülle Madise, Janek Laidvee, Heinrich Schneider. XII ptk. / Berit Aaviksoo, Mihkel Allik, Enn Markvart, Raul Narits, Aare Reenumägi, Peeter Roosma. XIII ptk. / Raul Narits, Uno Lõhmus, Madis Ernits, Jüri Põld. XIV ptk. / Vallo Olle, Arno Almann, Jüri Liventaal, Ülle Madise. XV ptk. / Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Aaro Mõttus. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseaduse rakendamise seadus / Oliver Kask, Raul Narits, Peeter Roosma. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseaduse täiendamise seadus / Berit Aaviksoo, Julia Laffranque, Ülle Madise, Jüri Põld. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseadus 1990-2008 : bibliograafia (seisuga september 2008) / koost. Maia Ruttu

  2. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseadus : kommenteeritud väljaanne / toimetuskolleegium: Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Oliver Kask, Lasse Lehis, Heiki Lindpere, Uno Lõhmus, Ülle Madise, Kalle Merusk, Raul Narits, Vallo Olle, Jüri Põld, Heinrich Schneider

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Kommentaaride autorid ja sisu: Sissejuhatus / Raul Narits, Heinrich Schneider, Lauri Madise. [Preambul] / Heinrich Schneider. I ptk. / Kalle Merusk, Taavi Annus, Madis Ernits, Heiki Lindpere, Lauri Madise. II ptk. / Uno Lõhmus, Taavi Annus, Madis Ernits, Oliver Kask, Eerik Kergandberg, Rait Maruste, Peeter Roosma. III ptk. / Oliver Kask. IV ptk. / Jüri Põld, Lauri Madise, Aaro Mõttus. V ptk. / Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Ülle Madise, Jüri Põld, Urmas Reinsalu. VI ptk. / Kalle Merusk, Jüri Põld. VII ptk. / Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Jüri Põld. VIII ptk. / Lasse Lehis. IX ptk. / Heiki Lindpere, Kristi Land, Lauri Madise, Heiki Pisuke. X ptk. / Oliver Kask, Enn Markvart, Jüri Põld. XI ptk. / Heinrich Schneider. XII ptk. / Raul Narits, Aare Reenumägi, Peeter Roosma, Enn Markvart. XIII ptk. / Uno Lõhmus, Madis Ernits, Jüri Põld. XIV ptk. / Vallo Olle, Arno Almann, Ülle Madise, Jüri Liventaal. XV ptk. / Eerik-Juhan Truuväli, Aaro Mõttus. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseaduse rakendamise seadus / Raul Narits, Peeter Roosma, Oliver Kask. Märksõnastik / koost. Ülle Madise, Peep Pruks. Kasutatud õigusaktide lühendid / koost. Virgo Saarmets. Eesti Vabariigi põhiseadus 1990-2002 : bibliograafia / koost. Maia Ruttu

  3. Legal issues concerning local governments / Vallo Olle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olle, Vallo, 1966-

    1997-01-01

    Valla/linna põhimääruse õiguslikust regulatsioonist, kohaliku omavalitsuse korralduse seadusest, äriseadustikust, munitsipaalettevõtete ümberkujundamisest ja nende õigusaktide väljunditest Tartu linna põhimääruses ning teistes Tartus tehtud õiguslikes otsustustes

  4. Vallo Reimaa : Kavas ei ole mingit omavalitsuse reformi / Vallo Reimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimaa, Vallo

    2007-01-01

    Regionaalminister Vallo Reimaa vastab online-intervjuus küsimustele, mitu maakonda on Eestis nelja aasta pärast, mida ta arvab ideest kaotada regionaalministri koht, kas on reaalne vähendada nii omavalitsusi kui ka ametnike arvu

  5. Mõnedest küsimustest seoses kohaliku omavalitsuse korralduse seaduse uue redaktsiooniga / Vallo Olle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olle, Vallo, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    Omavalitsusüksuse õigusaktidest, volikogu koosseisust ja pädevusest, vallavanema, linnapea jt. valla- või linnametnike ülesannetest, kohalikust eelarvest ja maksudest, omavalitsusüksuste koostööst, välissuhetest ja suhetest riigiorganitega vastavalt uuele kohaliku omavalitsuse korralduse seaduse eelnõule

  6. Mõnedest kohaliku omavalitsusega seonduvatest õiguslikest küsimustest / Vallo Olle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olle, Vallo, 1966-

    1997-01-01

    Valla/linna põhimääruse õiguslikust regulatsioonist, kohaliku omavalitsuse korralduse seadusest, äriseadustikust, munitsipaalettevõtete ümberkujundamisest ja nende õigusaktide väljunditest Tartu linna põhimääruses ning teistes Tartus tehtud õiguslikes otsustustes

  7. Maakondlik omavalitsusliit kohaliku omavalitsuse reformi kontekstis : [magistritöö] / Tõnis Roots ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Vallo Olle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roots, Tõnis

    2010-01-01

    KOV süsteemi reformimist tingivatest teguritest, põhiseaduslikest tingimustest, maakondlike omavalitsusliitude õiguslikust staatusest ja pädevusest kehtivas õiguskorras ja selle muudatustest seoses kohalike omavalitsuste reformiga

  8. Kontoririietus võiks säilitada inimese isikupära / Kristina Herodes, Lana Vallo, Janeli Salumets ; intervjueerinud Mirjam Simmer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herodes, Kristina, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Kaubamaja loovjuhti Kristina Herodese, jumestuskunstniku Lana Vallo ja Goldwelli turundusjuhi Janeli Salumetsa soovitusi kontoritöötajate ja töövestlusele minejate rõivastuse, jumestuse ja soengute osas

  9. Oral Administration of Heat-Killed Lactobacillus gasseri OLL2809 Reduces Cedar Pollen Antigen-Induced Peritoneal Eosinophilia in Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toshihiro Sashihara

    2008-01-01

    Conclusions: We demonstrated that the oral administration of heat-killed L. gasseri OLL2809 suppresses eosinophilia via the modulation of Th1/Th2 balance. These observations suggested that heat-killed L. gasseri OLL2809 might potentially ameliorate the increased number of eosinophils in patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis.

  10. Late Quaternary faulting in the Vallo di Diano basin (southern Apennines, Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villani, F.; Pierdominici, S.; Cinti, F. R.

    2009-12-01

    The Vallo di Diano is the largest Quaternary extensional basin in the southern Apennines thrust-belt axis (Italy). This portion of the chain is highly seismic and is currently subject to NE-extension, which triggers large (M> 6) normal-faulting earthquakes along NW-trending faults. The eastern edge of the Vallo di Diano basin is bounded by an extensional fault system featuring three main NW-trending, SW-dipping, right-stepping, ~15-17 km long segments (from north to south: Polla, Atena Lucana-Sala Consilina and Padula faults). Holocene activity has been documented so far only for the Polla segment. We have therefore focused our geomorphological and paleoseismological study on the southern portion of the system, particularly along the ~ 4 km long Atena Lucana-Sala Consilina and Padula faults overlap zone. The latter is characterized by a complex system of coalescent alluvial fans, Middle Pleistocene to Holocene in age. Here we recognized a > 4 km long and 0.5-1.4 km wide set of scarps (ranging in height between 1 m and 2.5 m) affecting Late Pleistocene - Holocene alluvial fans. In the same area, two Late Pleistocene volcanoclastic layers at the top of an alluvial fan exposed in a quarry are affected by ~ 1 m normal displacements. Moreover, a trench excavated across a 2 m high scarp affecting a Holocene fan revealed warping of Late Holocene debris flow deposits, with a total vertical throw of about 0.3 m. We therefore infer the overlap zone of the Atena Lucana-Sala Consilina and Padula faults is a breached relay ramp, generated by hard-linkage of the two fault segments since Late Pleistocene. This ~ 32 km long fault system is active and is capable of generating Mw ≥6.5 earthquakes.

  11. Lactobacillus bulgaricus OLL1181 activates the aryl hydrocarbon receptor pathway and inhibits colitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takamura, Takeyuki; Harama, Daisuke; Fukumoto, Suguru; Nakamura, Yuki; Shimokawa, Naomi; Ishimaru, Kayoko; Ikegami, Shuji; Makino, Seiya; Kitamura, Masanori; Nakao, Atsuhito

    2011-01-01

    Increasing evidence suggests that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway has an important role in the regulation of inflammatory responses. Most recently, we have shown that the activation of the AhR pathway by a potent AhR agonist inhibits the development of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis, a model of human ulcerative colitis, by the induction of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the large intestine. Because several strains of probiotic lactic acid bacteria have been reported to inhibit DSS-induced colitis by unidentified mechanisms, we hypothesized that particular strains of lactic acid bacterium might have the potential to activate the AhR pathway, thereby inhibiting DSS-induced colitis. This study investigated whether there are specific lactic acid bacterial strains that can activate the AhR pathway, and if so, whether this AhR-activating potential is associated with suppression of DSS-induced colitis. By using AhR signaling reporter cells, we found that Lactobacillus bulgaricus OLL1181 had the potential to activate the AhR pathway. OLL1181 also induced the mRNA expression of cytochrome P450 family 1A1 (CYP1A1), a target gene of the AhR pathway, in human colon cells, which was inhibited by the addition of an AhR antagonist, α-naphthoflavon (αNF). In addition, mice treated orally with OLL1181 showed an increase in CYP1A1 mRNA expression in the large intestine and amelioration of DSS-induced colitis. Thus, OLL1181 can induce activation of the intestinal AhR pathway and inhibit DSS-induced colitis in mice. This strain of lactic acid bacterium has therefore the potential to activate the AhR pathway, which may be able to suppress colitis. PMID:21321579

  12. Oral administration of heat-killed Lactobacillus gasseri OLL2809 reduces cedar pollen antigen-induced peritoneal eosinophilia in Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sashihara, Toshihiro; Ikegami, Shuji; Sueki, Natsuko; Yamaji, Taketo; Kino, Kohsuke; Taketomo, Naoki; Gotoh, Minoru; Okubo, Kimihiro

    2008-12-01

    Lactobacillus gasseri OLL2809 strongly stimulates the production of interleukin (IL)-12 (p70) by innate immune cells. Thus, it is expected to ameliorate allergic diseases. We investigated whether the oral administration of heat-killed L. gasseri OLL2809 suppressed eosinophilia in cedar pollen antigen-challenged mice. BALB/c mice sensitized with Japanese cedar pollen extract were intraperitoneally challenged with the same extract. The mice were orally given heat-killed L. gasseri OLL2809 at doses of 0.5, 1, or 2mg/day throughout the experimental period (21 d). After 24 hours of the challenge, the eosinophil number and cytokine levels in the peritoneal lavage fluid and the serum antigen-specific IgG levels were determined. On administering varying amounts of heat-killed L. gasseri OLL2809, the number of eosinophils among the total number of cells was significantly reduced in all groups. In addition, the eosinophil number significantly decreased, and the eosinophil-suppression rate significantly increased by 44% in the 2-mg group. Although the serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G2a and IgG1 levels were not affected, the IgG2a/IgG1 ratio increased significantly in the 2-mg group compared with that of the control group. Furthermore, the administration of heat-killed L. gasseri OLL2809 resulted in the induction of IL-2 and reduction in granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor levels in peritoneal lavage fluid. We demonstrated that the oral administration of heat-killed L. gasseri OLL2809 suppresses eosinophilia via the modulation of Th1/Th2 balance. These observations suggested that heat-killed L. gasseri OLL2809 might potentially ameliorate the increased number of eosinophils in patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis.

  13. Enhanced natural killer cell activation by exopolysaccharides derived from yogurt fermented with Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makino, Seiya; Sato, Asako; Goto, Ayako; Nakamura, Marie; Ogawa, Miho; Chiba, Yoshika; Hemmi, Jun; Kano, Hiroshi; Takeda, Kazuyoshi; Okumura, Ko; Asami, Yukio

    2016-02-01

    Yogurt is generally recognized as a beneficial food for our health, but research into its physiological effects has focused mainly on intestinal dysfunctions such as constipation and diarrhea. We previously found yogurt fermented with Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1 (hereafter OLL1073R-1) could reduce risks of catching the common cold and flu in human trials. It was assumed that immunostimulatory exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced from OLL1073R-1 play an important role in this context. However, few studies have examined the immunostimulatory effects of traditional Bulgarian yogurts fermented with different strains of lactobacilli and their metabolites. Therefore, we screened 139 L. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus strains and identified OLL1073R-1 as the most robust producer of EPS. This strain was also the only strain that induced the production of IFN-γ in vitro. Oral administration of the EPS or yogurt fermented with OLL1073R-1 and Streptococcus thermophilus OLS3059 (OLL1073R-1 yogurt) augmented natural killer (NK) cell activity and induced IFN-γ production in spleen cells in mice, whereas 2 other yogurts fermented with other strains had no effect on NK cell activity. Cellular preparations of the OLL1073R-1 strain also slightly augmented NK cell activity, but were less effective than EPS itself. The EPS-dependent stimulation of NK cell activity was abrogated in IFN-γ knockout mice and in myeloid differentiation factor 88 knockout mice. Furthermore, IFN-γ production from spleen cells stimulated with EPS was completely blocked with both anti-IL-12 and anti-IL-18 antibodies in vitro. These findings suggest that NK cell activation by OLL1073R-1 yogurt is EPS-dependent, occurs via IL-12- and IL-18-mediated IFN-γ production, and requires myeloid differentiation factor 88. We showed that traditional Bulgarian yogurt could exert immunostimulatory effects by selecting starter strains and part of the mechanisms depend on IFN-γ inducible EPS produced

  14. Amphibians of the “Cilento e Vallo di Diano” National Park (Campania, Southern Italy: updated check list, distribution and conservation notes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Romano

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we present the results of our field and bibliographic survey on the amphibians of the “Cilento and Vallo di Diano” National Park (Southern Italy. Two hundred and thirty three spawning sites (167 original and 66 derived from literature, and 11 amphibian species were found. Reproductive activity was recorded for Salamandra salamandra, Salamandrina terdigitata, Triturus carnifex, Lissotriton italicus, Bufo bufo, Hyla intermedia, Rana italica, Rana dalmatina and Pelophylax synkl. hispanica. The distribution record of many species is widely improved with respect to bibliographic data. Our results also suggested that preservation and restoration of small aquatic sites, in particular of the artificial ones, such as stony wells and drinking-troughs, are fundamental for an appropriate conservation management of amphibians in the “Cilento and Vallo di Diano” National Park.

  15. Structure determination of the neutral exopolysaccharide produced by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Calsteren, Marie-Rose; Gagnon, Fleur; Nishimura, Junko; Makino, Seiya

    2015-09-02

    The neutral exopolysaccharide (NPS) of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus strain OLL1073R-1 was purified and characterized. The molecular mass was 5.0×10(6) g/mol. Sugar and absolute configuration analyses gave the following composition: d-Glc, 1; d-Gal, 1.5. The NPS was also submitted to periodate oxidation followed by borohydride reduction and Smith degradation. Sugar and methylation analyses, (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometry of the NPS or of its specifically modified products allowed determining the repeating unit sequence: {2)Glc(α1-3)Glc(β1-3)[Gal(β1-4)]Gal(β1-4)Gal(α1-}n. The structure is compared to that of exopolysaccharides produced by other Lactobacillus bulgaricus strains. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  16. Effects of Lactobacillus plantarum Strain OLL2712 Culture Conditions on the Anti-inflammatory Activities for Murine Immune Cells and Obese and Type 2 Diabetic Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toshimitsu, T; Ozaki, S; Mochizuki, J; Furuichi, K; Asami, Y

    2017-04-01

    Studies on the health-promoting effects of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are numerous, but few provide examples of the relationship between LAB function and culture conditions. We verified the effect of differences in culture conditions on Lactobacillus plantarum OLL2712 functionality; this strain exhibits anti-inflammatory activity and preventive effects against metabolic disorders. We measured interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-12 production in murine immune cells treated with OLL2712 cells prepared under various culture conditions. The results showed that the IL-10-inducing activities of OLL2712 cells on murine immune cells differed dramatically between OLL2712 groups at different culture phases and using different culture medium components, temperatures, and neutralizing pHs. In particular, exponential-phase cells had much more IL-10-inducing activity than stationary-phase cells. We confirmed that the Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) stimulation activity of OLL2712 cells depended on culture conditions in conjunction with IL-10-inducing activity. We also demonstrated functional differences by culture phases in vivo ; OLL2712 cells at exponential phase had more anti-inflammatory activity and anti-metabolic-disorder effects on obese and diabetic mice than those by their stationary-phase counterparts. These results suggest that culture conditions affect the functionality of anti-inflammatory LAB. IMPORTANCE While previous studies demonstrated that culture conditions affected the immunomodulatory properties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), few have comprehensively investigated the relationship between culture conditions and LAB functionality. In this study, we demonstrated several culture conditions of Lactobacillus plantarum OLL2712 for higher anti-inflammatory activity. We also showed that culture conditions concretely influenced the health-promoting functions of OLL2712 in vivo , particularly against metabolic disorders. Further, we characterized a novel mechanism by which

  17. Effect of Formic Acid on Exopolysaccharide Production in Skim Milk Fermentation by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishimura, Junko; Kawai, Yasushi; Aritomo, Ryota; Ito, Yoshiyuki; Makino, Seiya; Ikegami, Shuji; Isogai, Emiko; Saito, Tadao

    2013-01-01

    In yogurt, the formation of formate by Streptococcus thermophilus stimulates the activity of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus). However, there have been no reports how formic acid acts on the exopolysaccharide (EPS) production of L. bulgaricus. Here, the effect of formate on the EPS production in skim milk by L. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1 was investigated. After incubation for 24 hr with 100 mg/l formate, cell proliferation and lactic acid production were accelerated. The viable and total cell numbers were increased about ten- and four-fold, respectively. The amount of EPS in culture with formate (~116 µg/ml) was also four-fold greater than that of the control (~27 µg/ml). Although elongation of cells was observed at 6 hr of cultivation in both cultures, cells cultivated with formate returned to a normal shape after incubation for 24 hr. The sensitivity to cell wall hydrolase and composition of surface layer proteins, as well as the cell membrane fatty acid composition of L. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1, were not influenced by formate. However, differences were observed in intracellular fatty acid compositions and sensitivity to antibiotics. Cell length and surface damage returned to normal in cultures with formate. These observations suggest that formic acid is necessary for normal cell growth of L. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1 and higher EPS production.

  18. Oral administration of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subspecies bulgaricus OLL1073R-1 suppresses inflammation by decreasing interleukin-6 responses in a murine model of atopic dermatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kano, Hiroshi; Kita, Junko; Makino, Seiya; Ikegami, Shuji; Itoh, Hiroyuki

    2013-06-01

    The oral intake of Lactobacillus spp. can provide beneficial effects to the host by modulating the immune response. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an allergic inflammatory disease mediated by various immune responses. In this study, we examined the effect of a Lactobacillus strain, Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1 (OLL1073R-1), on AD development in a murine model of AD that was developed by the topical application of mite antigen in NC/Nga mice. The oral intake of heat-killed OLL1073R-1 cells inhibited both the development of dermatitis and the elevation of an acute inflammation marker, serum amyloid A. Another bacterial strain, Lactobacillus rhamnosus OLL2984, exerted no inhibitory effects on dermatitis. The oral intake of heat-killed OLL1073R-1 cells also attenuated secretion of IL-6 from lymph node cells in response to mite antigen and reduced IL-6 levels in inflamed tissues, such as auricles. Production of IFN-γ or IL-4 was not influenced by OLL1073R-1 intake. We also found that inhibition of IL-6 signaling by gp130-Fc (a fusion protein consisting of the extracellular portion of glycoprotein 130 fused to the Fc region of human IgG1) markedly decreased the severity of dermatitis in NC/Nga mice. Moreover, secretion of IL-6 by lymph node cells was augmented in NC/Nga mice compared with that in BALB/c mice. These results indicate that IL-6 plays an essential role in the development of dermatitis in the NC/Nga mouse model of AD, and that OLL1073R-1 inhibits dermatitis, at least in part, by suppressing the IL-6 response. Copyright © 2013 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Kunstiülikool on nagu pioneeride palee kunstiring / Vilen Künnapu, Meeli Truu, Eerik Olle...[jt.] ; interv. Gea Velthut-Sokka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Arhitektid V. Künnapu ja M. Truu, sisearhitektid I.-E. Schneider, E. Olle ja M. Peri ning kinnisvaraarendaja A. Aavik vastavad küsimustele, millises ülikoolis nad omandaksid eriala, kui nad oleksi praegu tudengid, Eestis saadava hariduse konkurentsivõimelisuse kohta maailmas, mida nad tahaksid praegu enda täiendamiseks õppida?

  20. Integrated Hydro-geomorphological Monitoring System of the Upper Bussento river basin (Cilento and Vallo Diano Geopark, S-Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guida, D.; Cuomo, A.; Longobardi, A.; Villani, P.; Guida, M.; Guadagnuolo, D.; Cestari, A.; Siervo, V.; Benevento, G.; Sorvino, S.; Doto, R.; Verrone, M.; De Vita, A.; Aloia, A.; Positano, P.

    2012-04-01

    The Mediterranean river ecosystem functionings are supported by river-aquifer interactions. The assessment of their ecological services requires interdisciplinary scientific approaches, integrate monitoring systems and inter-institutional planning and management. This poster illustrates the Hydro-geomorphological Monitoring System build-up in the Upper Bussento river basin by the University of Salerno, in agreement with the local Basin Autorities and in extension to the other river basins located in the Cilento and Vallo Diano National Park (southern Italy), recently accepted in the European Geopark Network. The Monitoring System is based on a hierarchical Hydro-geomorphological Model (HGM), improved in a multiscale, nested and object-oriented Hydro-geomorphological Informative System (HGIS, Figure 1). Hydro-objects are topologically linked and functionally bounded by Hydro-elements at various levels of homogeneity (Table 1). Spatial Hydro-geomorpho-system, HG-complex and HG-unit support respectively areal Hydro-objects, as basin, sector and catchment and linear Hydro-objects, as river, segment, reach and section. Runoff initiation points, springs, disappearing points, junctions, gaining and water losing points complete the Hydro-systems. An automatic procedure use the Pfafstetter coding to hierarchically divide a terrain into arbitrarily small hydro-geomorphological units (basin, interfluve, headwater and no-contribution areas, each with a unique label with hierarchical topological properties. To obtain a hierarchy of hydro-geomorphological units, the method is then applied recursively on each basin and interbasin, and labels of the subdivided regions are appended to the existing label of the original region. The monitoring stations are ranked consequently in main, secondary, temporary and random and located progressively at the points or sections representative for the hydro-geomorphological responses by validation control and modeling calibration. The datasets

  1. Exopolysaccharides from Lactobacillus delbrueckii OLL1073R-1 modulate innate antiviral immune response in porcine intestinal epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanmani, Paulraj; Albarracin, Leonardo; Kobayashi, Hisakazu; Iida, Hikaru; Komatsu, Ryoya; Humayun Kober, A K M; Ikeda-Ohtsubo, Wakako; Suda, Yoshihito; Aso, Hisashi; Makino, Seiya; Kano, Hiroshi; Saito, Tadao; Villena, Julio; Kitazawa, Haruki

    2018-01-01

    Previous studies demonstrated that the extracellular polysaccharides (EPSs) produced by Lactobacillus delbrueckii OLL1073R-1 (LDR-1) improve antiviral immunity, especially in the systemic and respiratory compartments. However, it was not studied before whether those EPSs are able to beneficially modulate intestinal antiviral immunity. In addition, LDR-1-host interaction has been evaluated mainly with immune cells while its interaction with intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) was not addressed before. In this work, we investigated the capacity of EPSs from LDR-1 to modulate the response of porcine IECs (PIE cells) to the stimulation with the Toll-like receptor (TLR)-3 agonist poly(I:C) and the role of TLR2, TLR4, and TLR negative regulators in the immunoregulatory effect. We showed that innate immune response triggered by TLR3 activation in porcine IECs was differentially modulated by EPS from LDR-1. EPSs treatment induced an increment in the expression of interferon (IFN)-α and IFN-β in PIE cells after the stimulation with poly(I:C) as well as the expression of the antiviral factors MxA and RNase L. Those effects were related to the reduced expression of A20 in EPS-treated PIE cells. EPS from LDR-1 was also able to reduce the expression of IL-6 and proinflammatory chemokines. Although further in vivo studies are needed, our results suggest that these EPSs or a yogurt fermented with LDR-1 have potential to improve intestinal innate antiviral response and protect against intestinal viruses. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Oral lichen planus (OLP), oral lichenoid lesions (OLL), oral dysplasia, and oral cancer: retrospective analysis of clinicopathological data from 2002-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casparis, S; Borm, J M; Tektas, S; Kamarachev, J; Locher, M C; Damerau, G; Grätz, K W; Stadlinger, B

    2015-06-01

    This 10-year retrospective study analyzed the incidence of malignant transformation of oral lichen planus (OLP). The study also included dysplasia and oral lichenoid lesion (OLL) in the initial biopsy as a potential differential diagnosis. A total of 692 scalpel biopsies were taken from 542 patients (207 [38.2%] men and 335 [61.8%] women). Clinical and histopathological parameters were analyzed. The parameters gender (p = 0.022) and smoking behavior (p oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Smoking and joint disease appeared to be significant risk factors. Treatment with tretinoin in different concentrations (0.005-0.02%) significantly improved diagnosis. Twelve patients (8 female, 4 male) showed malignant transformation to OSCC within an average period of 1.58 years. The malignant transformation rate (MTR) was higher for OLL (4.4%) than OLP (1.2%). If the first biopsy showed intraepithelial neoplasia, the risk of developing OSCC increased (by 3.5% for squamous intraepithelial neoplasia (SIN) II and by 6.7% for SIN III). Although we cannot rule out that OLP is a premalignant oral condition, we can confirm that OLP had the lowest MTR of all diagnoses.

  3. Eestlased kinometropolis / Olle Mirme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mirme, Olle, 1973-

    2002-01-01

    Berliini 52. filmifestivali Panorama valikprogrammi kavas olnud Peeter Simmi Eesti-Läti ühisfilm "Head käed" saavutas hea publikuedu ning jagas Manfred Salzgeberi auhinda, mis on mõeldud subtiitrite tegemiseks filmi levitamisel euroopa ekraanidele. Žürii tõstis esile Toomas Raudami stsenaariumi originaalsust ja P. Simmi režiid. Pikemalt ka pressikonverentsist

  4. Olle Höök Lectureship 2015: The World Health Organization's paradigm shift and implementation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stucki, Gerold

    2016-06-13

    The World Health Organization's (WHO) paradigm shift, implied by the launch of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), is inextricably entwined with the emergence of rehabilitation as a key health strategy of the 21st century. To enable health systems to scale up rehabilitation we must spearhead the implementation of the ICF in rehabilitation towards its system-wide implementation in the healthcare system at large. In this essay, based on the Olle Höök lecture 20151, it is argued that the launch of the ICF in 2001 represents a paradigm shift, as it has enabled the WHO to more comprehensively act on its mandate and has guided WHO policies to shape the health system in response to population functioning needs. It is shown that this paradigm shift has important implications for rehabilitation, including its conceptualization and scientific methods. A prerequisite for the system-wide implementation of the ICF in clinical practice, policy, and research, is the availability of practical tools that allow for the universal and standardized description of functioning. Finally, some reflections are presented on how we may foster the system-wide implementation of the ICF by applying approaches from the implementation sciences.

  5. Regionaalpoliitika vajab maakonda / Vallo Reimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimaa, Vallo

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Sõnumitooja, 22. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 22. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 22. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Lääne Elu, 23. aug. 2007, lk. 6; Pärnu Postimees, 23. aug. 2007, lk. 15; Nädaline, 23. aug. 2007, lk. 4; Võrumaa Teataja, 25. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Koit, 25. aug. 2007, lk. 6; Järva Teataja, 28. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Sakala, 28. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 28. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Tartu Postimees, 29. aug. 2007, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Põhjarannik, 6. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 6. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Infopress, 7. sept., nr. 36, 2007, lk. 6-7; Virumaa Teataja, 11. sept. 2007, lk. 15. Regionaalhalduse kontseptsioonist, riiklike ja omavalitsuslike funktsioonide lahutamisest maakonna tasandil. Maavanemale pandud ligi 380 funktsioonist seostub enamik järelevalvega omavalitsuste üle, riiklike ja omavalitsuslike funktsioonide lahutamisel läheks omavalitsusliidule üle ainult väikene osa maavalitsuste tegevustest

  6. Auto Euroopa Liidus kallim / Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oll, Sulev, 1964-

    2001-01-01

    Euroopa Liiduga liitumisel tuleb uue auto eest välja käia vähemalt 10 000 krooni rohkem, kuna plaanide kohaselt ei tohi liikmesriikides autode hinnaerinevused ületada 12%. Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti, 28. märts 2001, lk. 7

  7. Milline on ilus maja? / Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oll, Sulev, 1964-

    2008-01-01

    Ilusatest majadest ja arhitektuurikonkursside võiduprojektidest. Konkursist "Brick Award". Tallinna sünagoog valiti rahvusvahelise tellisarhitektuuri aastaraamatusse "brick'08" (arhitektid Lembit-Kaur Stöör, Andrus Kõresaar, Tõnis Kimmel arhitektuuribüroost KOKO Arhitektid). Loetletud konkursi "Aasta betoonehitis" võitjad läbi aegade. Kommenteerivad Margit Mutso, Emil Urbel

  8. Effects of yogurt fermented with Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1 on the IgA flow rate of saliva in elderly persons residing in a nursing home: A before-after non-randomised intervention study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Yuko; Fujino, Kazuhiro; Saruta, Juri; Takahashi, Toru; To, Masahiro; Fuchida, Shinya; Shimizu, Tomoko; Kamata, Yohei; Misawa, Kyoko; Tsukinoki, Keiichi

    2017-12-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the alterations in the salivary IgA levels of elderly persons administered yogurt fermented with Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) OLL1073R-1, which has been reported to reduce the risk of colds. Salivary immunoglobulin (Ig)A plays an important role in the defence of the oral cavity mucous membrane against foreign antigens and pathogens. Accordingly, low levels of salivary IgA are associated with an increased risk of upper respiratory tract infection. Furthermore, salivary IgA secretion has been reported to decrease with age. Recently, several studies have reported that certain strains of Lactobacillus and their products can modulate the immune response, but there are currently few studies on the effects of on the IgA level in human saliva. This was a before-after non-randomised intervention study. Thirty-seven elderly persons (mean age, 82.7 years) residing in a single nursing home ingested 112 g of the yogurt every morning for 12 weeks. The participants' saliva was collected before and after 4, 8 and 12 weeks of yogurt intake. Our results showed that yogurt intake affected the concentration of IgA in the saliva (P < .0001). Additionally, yogurt intake and the body weight of the participants affected the IgA flow rate of saliva (P = .0003 and .03, respectively). Continuous intake of yogurt fermented with L. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1 may help improve the mucosal immune function in elderly people with weakened immune systems. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S and The Gerodontology Association. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Halduskohtumenetluse seadustiku eelnõu olulisematest muudatustest menetluses / Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merusk, Kalle, 1949-

    1998-01-01

    Protsessiosalistest, esimese astme menetlusest (sh. tuvastus- ja otsustusmenetlus), apellatsioonimenetlusest, kohtukuludest ning kohtulahendi täitmisest vastavalt halduskohtumenetluse seadustiku eelnõule

  10. Las pank tuleb kiiresti kliendi juurde / Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomet, Vallo, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    Autor on seisukohal, et pank võiks ise otsida klienti, kellele teha laenupakkumine, ning selgitab, kuidas seda ideed ellu viia. Sama süsteem võiks kehtida ka innovatsioonis, riskiprojektide puhul ja ettevõtluses

  11. Eestlased korjavad Guatemala dzhunglis eksootilisi taimi / Vallo Nuust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuust, Vallo, 1962-

    2002-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli botaanikaaed ja botaanikaaia sõprade selts saadavad Guatemalasse ekspeditsiooni, et hankida rajatavasse kasvuhoonesse troopikataimede kollektsioon. Kaart : Tartlased lendavad maajade maale

  12. Venemaast saab pehme impeerium / Leonid Gozman ; interv. Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gozman, Leonid

    2003-01-01

    Venemaa Ühendatud Energiasüsteemide juhatuse liige Leonid Gozman vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad riske äriajamisel Venemaaga, Eesti liitumist EL-iga, Kremli suhtumist Venemaa oligarhidesse, varanduslikku kihistumist, poliitilist arengut Venemaal

  13. Kremlis pannakse paika maagaasi hinnatõus Eestis / Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomet, Vallo, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    Vene riigiduuma esitas 8. juulil peaminister Mihhail Fradkovile pöördumise, milles palutakse vaadata üle Eestisse, Lätisse, Leedusse, Ukrainasse ja Moldovasse tarnitava gaasi hind. Lisa: Eesti Gaasil on üle 120 000 kliendi. Vt. samas: Gaasitrass Saksamaale. Kaart: Gazprom osaleb uue gaasitoru rajamisel; Gazprom - Vene riigi rahasalv. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Eesti Gaasi müügiteenuste ettevõtte direktori Raul Kotoviga

  14. Ekspress Grupp laieneb Lätti ja Euroopasse / Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomet, Vallo, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Hans H. Luige meediafirma teatas, et viib oma aktsiad börsile. Vt. samas: Mida arvate aktsiaemissioonist ning kas ise ostaksite aktsiaid? Kommenteerivad: GILD Bankersi juhtivpartner Rainer Tamm, Kristjan Lepik tarkinvestor.ee'st, Allan Martinson Trigon Venture Partners'ist, riigikogu liige Olari Taal; Hans H. Luik ja Priit Leito vastavad Päevaleht Online'i lugejate küsimustele. Priit Leito. Tellijad kuuluvad ise kirjastajate hulka

  15. Ragn-Sells ja Cleanaway - kartellikokkulepe Tallinnas / Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomet, Vallo, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Mustamäel toimunud prügiveo konkursil toimunud võimalikust kartellikokkuleppest Cleanaway ja Ragn-Sellsi vahel. Kommenteerivad Tõnu Tuppits ja Jaanus Tamkivi. Vt. samas: Kokkulepe toob trahvi ja trellid; Intervjuud: Remmelg: eesmärk on konkurendid prügiärist välja süüa; Argo Luude: pakkumiste sarnasus on juhus. Lisa: Prügifirmade tõenäoline kokkumäng Mustamäel. Kaart: Tallinna prügiveo piirkonnad

  16. Koole hakkavad haldama riiulifirmad / Toivo Tänavsuu, Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2006-01-01

    Kümme Tallinna kooli antakse 30 aastaks erafirmade renoveerida ja hallata. 32. keskkooli majandusjuhi Ants Ivaski, Kalev REC juhatuse liikme Peeter Lillestiku, U. S. Investi juhatuse liikme Tarmo Tomaki, RKAS-i juhi Jaak Saarniidu seisukohti. Vt. samas intervjuud Kaia Jäppineniga. Lisa: Rendisumma erineb mitu korda

  17. Ross : Eesti liitub euroga praegu kehtiva kursiga / Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomet, Vallo, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Euroga liitumise kursi otsustavad liikmesriikide rahandusministrid, liituva riigi rahandusministril on vetoõigus ebasoodsa kursi korral. Eesti Panga asepresidendi Märten Rossi sõnul säilib Eesti liitumisel euroga praegune kurss. Diagramm: Eurole ülemineku ootused

  18. Eesti logistikaturg otsib uusi lahendusi / Vallo Arumäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arumäe, Vallo

    2008-01-01

    Balti Logistika Baltikumi juhi sõnul muutuvad logistikaettevõtted lihtsatest teenusepakkujatest strateegilisteks ärinõustajateks, standardteenused muutuvad personaalseteks teenusteks. Balti Logistika pakutavast VMI (vendor managed invetory) terviklahendusest Eesti ettevõtetele, mis impordivad kaupu kolmandatest riikidest; logistika nn. kiirabiteenusest

  19. Vallo Reimaa : "Statussu regionalnogo tsentra nado sootvetstvovat i za nego nado borotsja" / Vallo Reimaa ; interv. Aleksei Starkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimaa, Vallo

    2007-01-01

    Regionaalminister vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Jõhvi gümnaasiumi juurdeehituse rajamist ja riigilt selleks toetuse taotlemist, linnade konkurentsi regionaalkeskuse staatuse saamiseks, Ida-Viru maavanema kandidaate. Minister on seisukohal, et tuleb toetada kõike, mis tugevdab Jõhvi kui regionaalkeskuse staatust, ja regionaalne gümnaasium on just selline objekt

  20. Estonia : Toward Post-Communist Reconstruction / Aadu Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oll, Aadu

    2006-01-01

    Pärast Eesti annekteerimist NSV Liidu poolt 1940. a. hävitati Eesti Vabariigi kõik seaduslikud süsteemid ja julgeolekustruktuurid. Eesti territoriaalne NKVD (nõukogude julgeolekuteenistus) rajati järelvalvet teostama Balti riikides. Nõukogude režiimi iseloomustus, KGB ja kommunistliku partei osa Eesti ühiskonnas, KGB ja GRU aktiivsus Eestis ülemineku perioodil, nõukogude süsteemi kokkulangemine, totalitarismist vabanemine

  1. Tsemendirahva kolmekordne pidu / Tapio Aura, Aleksander Nikolajev ; interv. Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aura, Tapio

    2005-01-01

    Kunda tsemenditootmisel täitus 135 aastat ja Kunda sadamal 200 aastat. Oma ettevõtete käekäigust räägivad AS-i Kunda Nordic Tsement tegevdirektor Tapio Aura ja Kunda sadama direktor Aleksander Nikolajev

  2. Kolmekihiline Kopli tort Märjamaal / Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oll, Sulev, 1964-

    2010-01-01

    Marje Jurtšenko dokumentaalfilmist "Aeg on siin", mis räägib aastast Eesti eri paikades elava nelja 7aastase lapse elus. Filmi esilinastas filmis osalenud Fredile ja tema koolikaaslastele Märjamaa kinos Helk kinomehhaanik Hans Veimann

  3. Eesti meister peresõbralikkuses : Eesti Post / Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oll, Sulev, 1964-

    2001-01-01

    Äripäeva ning ajakirja Pere ja Kodu konkursil pälvis Eesti kõige peresõbralikuma firma tiitli Eesti Post. Tabel: 30 peresõbralikumat firmat. Tabel: Eesti Post toetuste jagamisel keskmisest heldem

  4. Nõia järeltulijast Ilmari Karrost tehti tõsielufilm / Vallo Nuust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuust, Vallo, 1962-

    2002-01-01

    Meelis Piller on teinud tõsielufilmi Ilmari Karrost, kes räägib filmis oma linnanõiast vaaremast Katarina Blumbergist ja Äksi nõiast Emilie Elisabeth Jürgensist. Filmi näidatakse 26. aprillil Tallinnas tarbekunstimuuseumi näitusel "Nõia nõu"

  5. Lekkiv Rahvaliit ja kaitsjad õiguskaitseorganite vastu / Kärt Anvelt, Vallo Toomet, Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anvelt, Kärt, 1973-

    2007-01-01

    Autorite hinnangul üritatakse avalikkuse tähelepanu maadevahetusest ja väidetavast korruptsioonist kõrvale juhtida. Nende arvates võib väita, et kapost ega prokuratuurist infot ei leki, kui keegi lekitab, siis on need rahvaliitlased. Lisa: Prokuratuur ja kapo ei pääse tribüünile

  6. Peep Aaviksoo kukutas EMT-kesksus / Jaan Männik ; interv. Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männik, Jaan, 1945-

    2003-01-01

    EMT nõukogu esimees ja Eesti Telekomi juhatuse esimees Jaan Männik vastab küsimustele, mis on seotud Peep Aaviksoo lahkumisega Eesti Mobiiltelefoni juhi kohalt. Vt. samas: Aaviksoo selgitab lahkumise põhjusi. Peep Aaviksoo kiri. Kommenteerivad Radiolinja Eesti juhatuse esimees Sami Seppänen, Tele2 Eesti juhatuse esimees Üllar Jaaksoo, Ühispanga analüütik Sven Kunsing

  7. Maakonnaettevõtted kardavad võistelda / Siim Raie, Tea Varrak ; interv. Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raie, Siim, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Kaubandus-Tööstuskoja peadirektor Siim Raie Eesti ettevõtete konkurentsivõime edetabelist ja ettevõtluse arengust maakondades. Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse juhatuse esimees Tea Varrak konkursi "Ettevõtluse auhind 2005" tingimustest

  8. Ettevõtja staatust näitab auto ja telefoni omamine / Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oll, Sulev, 1964-

    2000-01-01

    Fafo Rakenduslike Sotsiaaluuringute instituut Norras viis läbi elutingimuste uuringu Eesti leibkondade seas. Uuringu järgi oli ettevõtjatest eelmise aasta lõpus auto 70%, töötajaist aga alla 50%. Diagrammid

  9. Severe acute pancreatitis and selective decontamination (Results of a Illulticentel' contl'olled clinical trial)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.J.T. Luiten (Ernest)

    1998-01-01

    textabstractFrom a mild self-limiting disease, development of multiple organ failure and frequently septic complications towards a fulminant course resistant to any type of treatment, acute pancreatitis is a disorder that has numerous causes, an obscure pathogenesis and an often unpredictable

  10. Imevaip kui majanduse šanss / Sulev Oll ; kommenteerinud Ants Reinumägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oll, Sulev, 1964-

    2010-01-01

    Ekspordiks tootvad Eesti ettevõtted on uuel tõuslainel - teenivad kasumit ja värbavad uusi töötajaid. Vaibatootja Narma LV, metallkonstruktsioonide valmistaja OÜ Contractor, elektrimootorite komponentide tootja AS Kolmeks

  11. Advokaadi kutse-eetika õigusteoreetilised alused : [teadusmagistritöö] / Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvin, Ain, 1959-

    2010-01-01

    Advokatuuri rollist, advokaadi kutse-eetikast, kliendi huvid vs avalikkuse huvid advokaadi kutse-eetika vaatevinklist, kutse-eetika põhiprintsiipidest, advokaadi sõltumatusest, lojaalsusest, konfidentsiaalsusest

  12. Efektiivne kommunikatsioon menetlusosaliste õiguste tagajana haldusmenetluses : [teadusmagistritöö] / Anno Aedmaa ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aedmaa, Anno

    2003-01-01

    Kommunikatsiooni e. teabevahenduse ühiskondlik tähendus ning selle seos haldusmenetlusega, menetlusosaliste õigused - selgituste andmine ning isiku nõustamine, dokumentidega tutvumine, õigus olla ära kuulatud, haldusakti põhjendamine ; kommunikatsioon haldusmenetluses Euroopa Liidu kontekstis. - Kaitses 16. 01. 2004. a. Tartu Ülikoolis

  13. Isikuhaldus : [bakalaureusetöö] / Jüri Mölder ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mölder, Jüri

    1996-01-01

    Isiku tõendamine (isikutunnistus, pass, diplomaatiline pass, meremehe teenistusraamat, kaitseteenistuse tunnistus), kodakondsus, välismaalased (välismaalase pass, ajutine reisidokument, viisad, elamis- ja tööload), perekonnaseisu tõendamine (sünniakt, abieluakt, abielulahutusakt, nimemuutmisakt, surmaakt), vaidluste lahendamine ja vastutus.Vt. ka: Juridica (1996) nr. 6, lk. 292-294

  14. Tegevuslubadega seotud õiguslikke probleeme : [bakalaureusetöö] / Arnika Kalbus ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalbus, Arnika

    2003-01-01

    Avalik huvi kui ettevõtlusvabaduse piiramise alus, tegevuslubade mõte ja eesmärk, tegevuslubadega sätestatud piirangute õiguspärasuse probleeme, loa menetlus kui haldusmenetluse eriliik, tegevusloa menetlus eriseadustes

  15. Toomas Peterson : Austan neid, kes on ise vähemalt krooni teeninud / Toomas Peterson ; interv. Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Toomas

    2004-01-01

    Endine Lennuameti peadirektor, nüüd toitlustusäriga tegelev Toomas Peterson tema vastu esitatud süüdistustest maksupettuses ja kriminaalmenetluse lõpetamisest. Lisa: Toomas Petersoni CV; Sündmuste käik

  16. Max Jakobson : Vene ohtu täna veel pole / Max Jakobson ; interv. Vallo Toomet, Urmet Kook, Kaarel Tarand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jakobson, Max, 1923-2013

    2003-01-01

    Balti riikide NATOga liitumise mõjust julgeolekule Läänemere regioonis, Euroopa Liidu kaitsepoliitikast ning Venemaa ja islamiterrorismi ohust julgeolekule. Vt. samas: Toomas Hiio ülevaade Max Jakobsoni elust ja tegevusest

  17. Ärge võtke kasumit elujõu arvelt! / Anzori Barkalaja ; küsitlenud Sulev Oll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Barkalaja, Anzori, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Intervjuu Tartu Ülikooli Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia direktori Anzori Barkalajaga, kelle sõnul ei tohiks riik inimeselt, kes oma südamelähedast tööd niikuinii teeksid, elujõudu varastada ega nende arvelt kasumit võtta

  18. Isikuandmete kaitse Eestis ja vastavus Euroopa Ühenduse õigusaktidele : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kristjan Laurits ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurits, Kristjan

    2001-01-01

    Andmekaitse olemus, isikuandmete kaitse allikad Eestis, isiku põhiõiguste kaitse isikuandmete töötlemisel, Eesti seaduse vastavus EL nõuetele, isikuandmete kaitse Soomes, Rootsis, Lätis, Leedus, Venemaal, andmekaitset korraldav riigiasutus

  19. Õigushariduse akrediteerimise õiguslikest alustest ja protsessist Eestis (Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonna näitel) / Kalle Merusk, Raul Narits, Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merusk, Kalle, 1949-

    1998-01-01

    Õigusteaduse õppekavade akrediteerimisest eri kõrgkoolides ning Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonna tegevusest. Lisatud ülevaade olulisematest teadustöödest Tartu Ülikooli avaliku õiguse instituudis ja eraõiguse instituudis 1997. a. ning Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnas 1993.-1998. a. kaitstud magistritööde ja teaduskonna õppejõudude poolt mujal kaitstud tööde nimekiri

  20. Ravhusvaheline õigus siseriiklikus õiguses ja selle rakendamine Riigikohtu praktikas : [bakalaureusetöö] / Triin Niinemets ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niinemets, Triin

    2001-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise õiguse ja siseriikliku õiguse vastastikune positsioon, rahvusvahelise õiguse allikad, kehtivus siseriiklikus õiguses, Eesti välislepingud, rahvusvahelise õiguse kohaldamine Riigikohtus

  1. On legal bases and process of accreditation of teaching of law in Estonia (University of Tartu Faculty of Law case) / Kalle Merusk, Raul Narits, Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merusk, Kalle, 1949-

    1998-01-01

    Õigusharidust andvate õppeasutuste akrediteerimisest; Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnast ning selle avaliku õiguse ja eraõiguse instituutidest, õppeprogrammist, magistri- ja doktoriõppest ning teadustegevusest. Lisatud andmed 1993.-1998. a. kaitstud teadustööde kohta, õppejõudude osalemise kohta seaduseelnõude ettevalmistamisel ning publikatsioonide kohta

  2. Meediakontsentratsioon demokraatlikus ühiskonnas ja selle õiguslik regulatsioon : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kuldar-Jaan Torokoff ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Torokoff, Kuldar-Jaan

    2001-01-01

    Kaasaegne massimeediamaastik, meediakontsentratsiooni areng (USA, Saksamaa, Eesti), liitumise dimensioonid, kontsentratsiooniimpulsi põhjused, kontsentratsiooni reguleerimisest, kontroll, Euroopa initsiatiiv multimeedia arvamusvõimu takistamisel

  3. Konkurentsiõiguse rakendamisest Eesti telekommunikatsioonituru liberaliseerimisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Tanel Järvet ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järvet, Tanel, 1976-

    1999-01-01

    Euroopa Ühenduse konkurentsiõigus telekommunikatsioonituru reguleerimisel, konkurentsiõiguse allikad Eesti telekommunikatsioonituru reguleerimisel, Eesti telekommunikatsiooniturg, probleemid liberaliseerimisel, sideamet

  4. Õigustloovad aktid Eesti õiguskorras ja riigi keskhaldusorganite aktidena : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kristjan Kenapea ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kenapea, Kristjan

    1995-01-01

    Õiguse normatiivsus, õigusakti liigitus, õigustloova akti liigitus ja kehtivus, riigi keskhaldusorganite õigustloovad aktid (presidendi seadlus, otsus, käskkiri), vabariigi valitsuse õigustloovad aktid (määrus, korraldus), ministrite õigustloovad aktid (määrus, käskkiri)

  5. Era- ja avaliku sektori koostöö kohaliku omavalitsuse tasandil : [bakalaureusetöö] / Anders Tsahkna ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tsahkna, Anders, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Lõpetas TÜ õigusteaduskonna kevadel 2006. - Era ja avaliku sektori koostöö olemus, omavalitsusüksuste tulubaasi ja maksevõimet mõjutavad tegurid, eeldused ja seaduslikud võimalused PFI (private finance initiative) kasutamiseks ning avalike ülesannete lepinguliseks delegeerimiseks

  6. Halduskohtu pädevus halduskohtumenetluse seadustiku paragrahvide 3 ja 4 põhjal : [bakalaureusetöö] / Ero Liivik ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivik, Ero, 1971-

    2000-01-01

    Halduskohtu pädevuse piiritlemine Eesti, Saksa ja Prantsuse haldusprotsessiõiguses, avalik-õiguslik vaidlus, halduskohtu ja konstitutsioonikohtu pädevuse eristamine, loendi element (toiming, viivitus, haldusakt, asutus ja ametnik), halduskohtu ja tsiviilkohtu pädevuse eristamine, halduskohus ja põhiseadus

  7. Riigisaladus kui informatsioonivabaduse piirang ja sellele juurdepääs : [bakalaureusetöö] / Ene Lehiste ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehiste, Ene

    2001-01-01

    Salastatud info kui infovabaduse piirang, riigisaladuse mõiste kehtivas õiguses, salastatud teabe kaitse meetodid, riigisaladuse juurdepääsu alused, julgeolekukontrolli läbiviimine (NATO-s, WEU-s)

  8. Maa asendamise ja ostueesõigusega erastamise kord Tallinna linnas : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kersti Kägi ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kägi, Kersti

    1995-01-01

    Maade asendamine ja ostueesõigusega erastamine maareformi osana, õigusvastaselt võõrandatud maa asendamine, maa ostueesõigusega erastamine; maa asendamise kord Tallinna linnas, maa ostueesõigusega erastamise kord Tallinna linnas

  9. Kohaliku omavalitsuse eelarve aastatel 1918-1993 : [bakalaureusetöö] / Mare Aasmäe ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aasmäe, Mare

    1993-01-01

    Kohaliku omavalitsuse eelarve, selle kujundamise alused ja kord aastatel 1918-1940 (riiklikud laenud, kohalikud maksud, kohalike omavalitsuste eelarve, riiklik järelevalve, linna- ja valla omavalitsuste eelarved), 1941-1989 (riigimaksud ja -lõivud, rajoonilise alluvusega linnade, alevite ja külanõukogude eelarved), 1989-1993 (õiguslikud alused, eelarve tulud-kulud, järelevalve)

  10. Erakondade rahastamise õiguslik reguleering : [bakalaureusetöö] / Arne Koitmäe ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koitmäe, Arne, 1975-

    1999-01-01

    Erakonna mõiste ja funktsioonid, erakondade rahastamine: erainitsiatiiv (partei liikmemaks, liikmete lisamaksed, erakorralised maksed, annetused) ja riiklik toetus (maksusoodustused, riigi poolt osutatavad teenused, parteide riigipoolne rahastamine), erakondade tulude ja kulude kontroll ning avalikustamine, riigipoolne rahastamine

  11. Miljonitehing : Kalev müüdud - jumal tänatud, kõik murest lahti / Andres Reimer, Holger Roonemaa, Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimer, Andres

    2007-01-01

    Kalevi ja Tere toiduainetööstusettevõtete müügist investeerimisfirmale Alta Capital Partners. Vt. samas: Alta Capital Partners; Holger Roonemaa, Kristjan Jõevere. Finantsinspektsioon: Kalev rikkus head tava

  12. Effect of Sibutramine on Plasma C-Reactive Protein, Leptin and Adipon ectin Concentrations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Contr olled Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vincentis, Antonio; Pedone, Claudio; Vespasiani-Gentilucci, Umberto; Picardi, Antonio; Derosa, Giuseppe; Maffioli, Pamela; Sahebkar, Amirhossein

    2017-01-01

    Sibutramine is an anti-obesity medication whose effects on weight loss have been widely explored. Moreover, limited number of studies also evidenced its correlates on adipokines and proinflammatory markers; however, their results have not been conclusive. Hence, a systematic review and meta-analysis of available evidence was conducted in order to calculate the effect size of sibutramine therapy on C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin and adiponectin concentrations. Seven randomized clinical trials with a total of 601 subjects met the eligibility criteria. Random effect meta-analysis evidenced a significant decrease in plasma levels of CRP and leptin (weighted mean difference [WMD] -15.58%, 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: -28.84, -2.33, p=0.021 and WMD -9.25, 95%CI: -15.73, -2.78, p=0.005, respectively) and increase of adiponectin (WMD 9.86%, 95%CI: 1.76, 17.96, p=0.017) following sibutramine therapy. Subgroup analysis showed a greater CRP-lowering effect of sibutramine with doses sibutramine. Possible impacts and relevance of these alterations on cardiovascular risk profile remain to be clarified, especially in post-hoc analyses of sibutramine outcome trials among people without pre-existing cardiovascular disease. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at epub@benthamscience.org.

  13. Konverents andis piirkonna arengukava koostamiseks avalöögi / Helve Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Helve, 1958-

    2007-01-01

    Ülevaade Põltsamaal toimunud arengukonverentsist, millega alustati üle linna piiride vaatava arengukava koostamist aastani 2025. Konverentsi peaesinejateks olid Põltsamaa linnavolikogu liige Margus Oro, linnapea Jaan Aiaots ning regionaalminister Vallo Reimaa. Vt. samas: Vallo Reimaa: Keskus-tagamaa süsteemis maakonnas kolm linna

  14. Õigusteaduse osa Eesti õiguskorra kujunemises : teaduskonverents professor Kalle Meruski 60. juubeli auks / koost. Peep Pruks. K. Meruski bibliograafia: Maia Ruttu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Sisu: Programm. Õigusteaduse rollist Eesti Vabariigi põhiseaduse aluspõhimõtete sisustamisel / Raul Narits. Keskkonnaõiguse kodifitseerimise teaduslikud alused / Hannes Veinla. "Kord Vestmann peal ja Piibeleht all, siis jälle..." : praktika ja õigusteaduse vahekord õiguse kujundamisel 19. sajandi Läänemereprovintsides / Marju Luts-Sootak. Teaduslik analüüs tsiviilõigusloomes / Paul Varul. Õiguslaenud ja võrdlev õigusteadus Eesti eraõiguse süsteemi kujundamisel / Irene Kull. Professor Meruski juubeliks / Märt Rask. Kolleegi kiituseks / Raul Narits. Professor Kalle Merusk : õpetaja ja inimene / Ivo Pilving. Kalle Merusk : valikbibliograafia 1990-2009 / koost. Maia Ruttu

  15. Ajakirjandusliku väljendusvabaduse erisused : ajakirjandusvabaduse aspekt sõnavabaduse piiramisel, arvestades Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu praktikat : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kristjan Ots ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ots, Kristjan, 1976-

    2001-01-01

    Sõnavabaduse mõiste, koht konstitutsioonis, sõnavabaduse piiramise piirid, tsensuur, ajakirjandusvabaduse eristamine sõnavabadusest, ajakirjandusliku väljendusvabaduse põhimõtted, ajakirjanduse funktsioonid, sõnavabaduse aspekt, teabevabaduse aspekt, teotamine e. difamatsioon, ajakirjandusvabaduse piiramine õigusemõistmise huvides

  16. Omandi sundvõõrandamise instituut Eesti Vabariigi ja Saksamaa Liitvabariigi õiguskordades : (võrdlev käsitlus) : [bakalaureusetöö] / Mait Laaring ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaring, Mait, 1979-

    2003-01-01

    Sundvõõrandamise instituudi ajaloolisest arengust, mõistest, omandigarantii olemusest, sundvõõrandamisest ja sotsialiseerimisest (natsionaliseerimisest), sundvõõrandamise õiguspärasuse eeldustest, tagajärgedest, kohtulikust vaidlustamisest

  17. Õigusvastaselt võõrandatud vara tagastamine ja kompenseerimine ning sellega seotud kohtulikud vaidlused : [bakalaureusetöö] / Eve Lill ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lill, Eve

    1996-01-01

    Õigusvastaselt võõrandatud vara tagastamise ja kompenseerimise menetlus ja vaidlused, halduskohtu pädevus ja vaidluste liigid seoses õigusvastaselt võõrandatud vara tagastamise ja kompenseerimisega

  18. Teenetemärgid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli kollektiivi liikmetest saavad Eesti vabariigi 87. aastapäeva puhul riikliku autasu külalisprofessorid Stig Erik örjan Ohlsson ja Uno lõhmus, professorid mati Erelt, Volli kalm, kalle merusk, Aadu Must, Paul varul, Jaan Eha, bibliograaf Marika Meltsas

  19. Advokaadibüroo toetab tudengeid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonna dekaan prof Kalle Merusk ja advokaadibüroo Luiga Mody Hääl Borenius esindajad kirjutasid alla statuudile "Teldersi sihtkapital", mille vahenditest hakatakse rahastama üliõpilaste osavõttu Teldersi-nimelisest rahvusvahelise harjutuskohtu võistlusest

  20. English for lawyers / Liina Soobik ; [preface: Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soobik, Liina, 1955-

    2001-01-01

    Kasutatud tekstide autorid: Peep Pruks, Merit-Ene Ilja, Ilona Nurmela, Kristi Raba, Andreas Kangur, Raul Narits, Peeter Roosma, Kalle Merusk, Maret Altnurme, Jaan Ginter, Aare Tark, Norman Aas, Lasse Lehis, Hannes Veinla, Jaan Sootak, Eerik Kergandberg, Paul Varul, Jaanus Ots, Urve Liin, Irene Kull, Merle Muda, Gaabriel Tavits, Andres Vutt, Kadri Siibak, Ellen Ridaste, Heiki Pisuke, Andrus Siibak

  1. HP fotovõistluse finalistid veebis / Henrik Roonemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roonemaa, Henrik

    2002-01-01

    Hewlett-Packardi koduleheküljel on üleval rahvusvahelise digitaalfotograafia konkursi HP Invision Digital Photography Awards 2002 finalistide tööd, nende hulgas Katrin Arraku foto "Minu kala Vallo"

  2. Spiral volostnoi istorii / Olga Tarassova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarassova, Olga

    2005-01-01

    Haldusreformi käigus plaanivad Jõhvi vald ja linn ühineda ühtseks haldusüksuseks. Jõhvi linnavolikogu esimees, ajaloolane Vallo Reimaa annab ülevaate nimetatud piirkonna haldusjaotusest alates 1816. a.

  3. Kunstfotograafid tõid pildid Valka / Marje Laugen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laugen, Marje

    2004-01-01

    Valga kultuurikeskuses avati Ungari Vabariigi Smogy maakonna algatatud rahvusvahelise kunstiprojekti Changing World Images raames fotonäitus "Teatriprintsiip eesti fotos". Näituse organisaator Raivo Behrsin, kuraator Peeter Linnap. Vallo Kalamehe kommentaar

  4. Jõhvi kiriku eelmise altari küljes kuni aastani 1900 olnud Balti aadli vapid on taastatud ja kirikusaali seintele kinnitatud / Peeter Kaldur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldur, Peeter

    2005-01-01

    29. IX vapid õnnistati, avati vappide osadega vitriinid. Vappide avamisele eelnenud konverentsil tutvustas vappe Vallo Reimaa, Porkuni linnusest rääkis Jevgeni Kaljundi, Jõhvi kiriku orelist Peeter Kaldur, E. Bornhöhe Jõhvi perioodist Peeter Olesk

  5. 24. IV avati Tartu Kunstimajas...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Vallo Kalamehe ja Peeter Linnapi kureeritud fotonäitus "XXL. Eesti fotoklassika". Osalevad Herkki-Erich Merila, Tarvo Hanno Varres, Peeter Laurits, Toomas Kalve, P. Linnap, V. Kalamees, Malev Toom, Madis Palm, Tõnu Tamm, Meelis Lokk

  6. Dramaatiline road-movie Henrik Visnapuust / Janika Kronberg ; intervjueerinud Brita Melts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2009-01-01

    Karl Ristikivi Seltsi ettevõtmisel valminud dokumentaalfilmist "Henrik Visnapuu üheteistkümnes kiri. Lugu poeedi viimasest kümnest eluaastast 1941-1951", idee autorid Janika Kronberg ja Vallo Kepp. Esilinastus 4. dets. Tallinnas

  7. Neli TÜ teadlast said riigi teaduspreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    2015. a. teaduspreemia pälvisid TÜst rakendusviroloogia prof. Andres Merits, polümeersete materjalide tehnoloogia prof. Alvo Aabloo, psühhofüsioloogia prof. Jaanus Harro ning pediaatria prof. Vallo Tillmann

  8. Kohustuslik kohtueelne menetlus halduskohtusse pöördumisel vangistusseaduse § 1¹ lõike 5 ja lõike 8 näitel : [magistritöö] / Maarja-Liisa Käärid ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kalle Merusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärid, Maarja-Liisa

    2010-01-01

    Kohustusliku kohtueelse menetluse olemusest ja vastavusest EV põhiseadusele, efektiivsusest ja vastavusest eesmärgipärasusele, kaebuse lubatavusest ning menetlemise võimalikkuse problemaatikast kohtupraktikas

  9. Is Online Learning Suitable for All English Language Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuama, Settha; Intharaksa, Usa

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to examine online language learning strategies (OLLS) used and affection in online learning of successful and unsuccessful online language students and investigate the relationships between OLLS use, affection in online learning and online English learning outcomes. The participants included 346 university students completing a…

  10. The Impetus Behind the Creation of the United States Naval Reserve

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-17

    oll.libertyfund.org/Texts/Jefferson0136/Works/ Vol10 /0054-10_Pt04_1805.html; Internet; accessed 21 February, 2005. 17Henry Adams, History of the United...Vol. 10 (1803 – 1807). [book on-line] available from http://oll.libertyfund.org/Texts/Jefferson0136/Works/ Vol10 /0054- 10_Pt04_1805.html. Internet

  11. Differential metallothionein expression in oral lichen planus and amalgam-associated oral lichenoid lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, G-G; Servato, J-P-S; Borges, F-C; Rosa, R-R; Siqueira, C-S; de Faria, P-R; Loyola, A-M; Cardoso, S-V

    2018-05-01

    Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease mediated by T cells, which manifests as reticular (white) or erosive (red) lesions, that are eventually painful. Oral lichenoid lesion (OLL) are distinguished from OLP by the presence of precipitating factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of metallothionein, which is involved in anti-apoptotic pathways and the anti-oxidative response, could serve as a differential diagnostic for OLP and OLL. We evaluated the expression of metallothionein in 40 cases of OLP and 20 cases of OLL using immunohistochemistry. White OLP has higher concentrations of metallothionein than red OLP in basal and parabasal layers. Moreover, metallothionein was more frequently observed in the cytoplasm and nuclei of basal cells in OLP patients compared to the same regions of OLL cases. Metallothionein levels are related to OLP severity and may contribute to a differential diagnosis between OLP and OLL.

  12. Filaggrin gene mutations and the distribution of filaggrin in oral mucosa of patients with oral lichen planus and healthy controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, K R; Johansen, J D; Reibel, J; Zachariae, C; Rosing, K; Pedersen, A M L

    2017-05-01

    Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown aetiology affecting the skin and oral mucosa. Oral lichenoid lesions (OLLs), like oral contact reactions, may resemble oral lichen planus (OLP) both clinically and histopathologically. As OLP and OLL are hyperkeratotic diseases and filaggrin is essential to keratinization, the distribution of filaggrin may be altered in these lesions. To investigate whether patients with OLP/OLL have (i) altered distribution of filaggrin in the oral mucosa; (ii) a higher incidence of mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG); (iii) active dermatoses, apart from cutaneous LP, than healthy controls; and (iv) patients with OLP/OLL and a defect in the FLG have more widespread oral lesions and report more symptoms than OLP/OLL patients without a concomitant defect in the FLG. Forty-nine Caucasian patients (42 women and 7 men, mean age 61.0 ± 10.3 years), with symptomatic OLP, OLL or stomatitis, and 29 matched healthy controls underwent a clinical oral and dermatological examination, oral mucosal biopsy and filaggrin genotyping (testing for R2447X, R501X, 2282del4). Smear tests for Candida spp. were performed in all patients to exclude oral candidiasis. Immunohistochemistry were performed using poly- and monoclonal filaggrin antibodies. The immunoreactivity for filaggrin was significantly more intense in the oral mucosa in the patients with OLP/OLL compared with healthy controls (P = 0.000025). No difference was noted in the incidence of defects in the FLG and active dermatoses between patients and healthy controls. No difference was noted in extension and number of symptoms reported by patients with OLP/OLL with or without a concomitant defect in the FLG. OLP/OLL is associated with an altered distribution of filaggrin in the oral mucosa independently of defects in the FLG. Patients with OLP/OLL did not display more active dermatoses other than cutaneous LP when compared to healthy controls. © 2016 European Academy of

  13. High percentage of oral lichen planus and lichenoid lesion in oral squamous cell carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruokonen, Hellevi M A; Juurikivi, Aino; Kauppila, Timo; Heikkinen, Anna Maria; Seppänen-Kaijansinkko, Riitta

    2017-08-01

    Oral lichen planus (OLP) and lichenoid lesions (OLL) are regarded as precursor lesions of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with potential for malignant transformation. This potential is not clear due to difficulties in diagnosis of OLP and OLL. Our aim was therefore to evaluate previously identified OLP and OLL as precursor lesions in OSCC and to identify cancer related etiological factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption. We retrospectively reviewed all cases (total 323, comprising 164 females and 159 males) with OSCC treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases and Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital during 2015. Confirmed by histopathological biopsy, 58 (17.9%) had OLP and 13 had OLL (4.0%) as precursor lesion. Patients with OLP were slightly older than those without it. OLP was more common in females than in males (p < .0001). TN class 1 tumors were more prevalent among patients with OLP or OLL (p = .006) and cancer relapses less common (p = .005). Smoking was less frequent in patients with OLP and OLL (p < .0001). Also alcohol abuse was less frequent among these patients (p < .001). Our findings confirm the importance of active follow-up of all patients with OLP and OLL even in patients who do not fit a traditional high-risk category for OSCC.

  14. Academics are Reading More Electronic Journal Articles in More Subjects, Using Varying Strategies to Find and Manage Them. A Review of: Ollé, C., & Borrego, Á. (2010. A qualitative study of the impact of electronic journals on scholarlyinformation behavior. Library & Information Science Research, 32(3, 221-228.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina E. Carter

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To assess how the increase in number of electronic journals available to academic scholars has changed their information-seeking or consulting behaviour, with respect to 1 the amount and diversity of sources they read; 2 strategies they use to keep up-to-date in their fields; 3 use of personalized information services; 4 determining the value and relevance of articles; and 5 personal management of scientific information. This study is a follow-up to an earlier quantitative study (Borrego, Anglada, Barrios, & Comellas, 2007 in the same setting.Design – Qualitative, using an open-ended questionnaire, followed by personal interviews of a small group of the respondents.Setting – Universities that are members of the Consortium of Academic Libraries of Catalonia (CBUC, which is made up of the eight public Catalan universities and the National Library of Catalonia, Spain.Subjects – One hundred thirty-seven scholars from the member universities of diverse ages and disciplines. Eleven of these academics were selected for personal interviews.Methods – The authors used a two-staged approach to gather comments from researchers on their use of electronic journals. First, an open-ended, self-administered questionnaire (with some pre-testing donewas sent by e-mail to some 490 academics who had provided e-mail addresses in the quantitative study; 137 were returned and analyzed. Personal interviews were then conducted with 11 scholars who had given the most detailed answers in the questionnaire. Their ages ranged from 28 to 67; each was from a different discipline, and from six of the universities.Informed consent sheets (describing the study and guaranteeing anonymity were given to the 11 interviewees. Personal interviews were conducted in the subjects’ offices by one of the authors, and lasted between 45-60 minutes. In the interview stage, the authors wanted to examine: use and assessment of the library, access to electronic information, and impact of e-resources on information behaviour. Subjects were also asked to provide three suggestions on improving access to scientific information.Main Results – The amount of reading and number of electronic journals and other sources consulted among the scholars who participated in this study has increased. Three-quarters of survey respondents consult more journals and read more articles. The scholars reported that they are grateful for the increase in electronic information and its enhanced ease of access, and are not overwhelmed by it. Their reading has become more discriminatory, though, with many reporting “skimming” much of what they read to save time. Scholars keep up-to-date in three main ways: web browsing of journal issues, library database searches, and TOC e-mail alerts. More than 90% of survey respondents reported conducting database searches. Google and Google Scholar were often mentioned ahead of specific library database names. In determining value and relevance of an article, its author and abstract are key for scholars. In addition, personal information management techniques used by scholars were all over the board. The three main methods were use of print or electronic folders, reference management software, and no system. Many of the academics felt their information management systems were “rudimentary” (p. 225.The request for suggestions and comments on the questionnaire was not answered by “most of the sample” (p. 226. Those who did respond to this request asked for more library resources. The main complaint expressed by scholars concerned the difficulty and complexity of finding journal article content using the Library website (e.g., varying databases, difficulty of interpreting what journal electronic and print holdings are available. Because of this, a number of scholars used Google to find library-subscribed content.Conclusion – By having greater and easier access to e-journals, scholars accessing the CBUC read more articles from more disciplines. Scholars would prefer a simpler library interface to search for online content. Due to the complexity of finding article content, they use web search tools like Google and Google Scholar to get to what they need faster. The authors of this study believe research should be conducted on the use of the Consortium’s metasearch tool to reduce the complexity. Research should also be conducted on value-added features of search interfaces for particular disciplines.

  15. "Medvezhii" ugol Jevrosojuza / Jevgeni Ashihmin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ashihmin, Jevgeni

    2007-01-01

    Regionaalminister Vallo Reimaa, Ida-Virumaa maavanem Riho Breivel, Kirde-Eesti piirivalveülem Aimar Kess, Alajõe vallavanem Natalja Varkki, Vasknarva külavanem Vadim Ivanov ja kohalik aktivist Aleksandr Petuhhov arutasid Alajõe valla ja Vasknarva küla probleeme

  16. Omadega ei plõksita / Mari Rauba

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rauba, Mari

    2007-01-01

    Saaremaal 16. korda peetud miniteatripäevadel sai Grand prix' Rakvere Gümnaasiumi Teatriansambli näitetrupi Pühapäeval kell 4 "Sacco ja Vanzetti, lavastajaks Vallo Kirs. Rakvere Linnanoorte Näitetrupp osales festivalil Daniil Harmsi looga "Juhtumisi"

  17. Värviline hobi seaduse piirimail / Marek Mühlberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mühlberg, Marek

    2007-01-01

    Tartu kõrgema kunstikooli rektor Vallo Nuust grafiti ühiskonnakriitilisest olemusest, sellega seonduvatest probleemidest, Kristjan Bachmann ja Ivari Lipp grafitientusiastidena grafiti õppimis- ja õpetamisvõimalustest. Grafitite tegemine valesse kohta võib olla varavastane süütegu, mille eest tuleb karistust kanda. Kommenteerib Lõuna politseiprefektuuri korrakaitseosakonna preventsioonitalituse komissar Marina Paddar

  18. Skulptorid õpivad ametit nüüd tuulekindlas hoones : Tartu Kõrgem Kunstikool avab täna uued ruumid / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli Eha tänava õppehoone uutest ruumidest, kommenteerivad Vallo Nuust, Mati Karmin. Õppehoone rekonstruktsiooni eelprojekt valmis arhitektuuribüroos Künnapu ja Padrik. Kunstikooli toimetiste sarjas ilmusid Peeter Linnapi raamat "Silmakirjad" ja parimate diplomitööde teoreetilisi osi koondav kogumik "Lend 2006"

  19. 14. ja 15. X viibivad Hiina kunstiakadeemia kutsel...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Hangzhou rahvusvahelisel moedisainiharidust analüüsival konverentsil viibivad Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli rektor Vallo Nuust, tekstiiliosakonna juhataja Aet Ollisaar ja tekstiiliosakonna meister Signe Vilde. TKK delegatsiooni üks eesmärke Hiinas on TKK ja Hiina kunstiakadeemia või mõne teise Hiina kunstikõrgkooli õppejõudude vahetuse programmi algatamine

  20. "Rambo" ründab Eestit äkki tulevikus / Aivar Aotäht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aotäht, Aivar, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Miks ei ole Ameerika märulitriloogiat "Rambo" näidanud ükski eesti telekanal ? Kommenteerivad Kanal 2 programmidirektor Olle Mirme, TV 3 programmidirektor Jüri Pihel ja ETV pressiesindaja Toomas Luhats

  1. Sisearhitektuuri uudised / Aino Ingrid Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Aino Ingrid

    2006-01-01

    Keraamiliste plaatide müügisalongi "Interno" uue sisekujunduse autorid Eerik Olle ja Ahti Petersoo. Viking Windowsi peakontori (Jüri Okas) uue sisekujunduse ja "Sämmi grilli" (Toomas Rein) uue sisekujunduse autor Taevo Gans

  2. Eesti langeb korruptsiooni tabelis / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti on uurimisfirma Transparency International koostatud korruptsiooni tajumise indeksi tabelis 133 riigi seas 33. kohal, olles võrreldes eelmise aastaga langenud neli kohta. Tabel: korruptsiooni tajumise indeks 2003. aastal erinevates riikides

  3. Aasta jagu filme linastus pealinnas ühe matsuga / Katrin Nielsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nielsen, Katrin

    2001-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali huvitavamaid filme : Jan Hrebejk'i "Lahus olles me kaotame" (Tšehhi Vabariik 2000), Oliver Hirschbiegeli "Eksperiment" (Saksamaa 2001) ja Bille Augusti "Laul Martinile" (Rootsi - Taani 2001)

  4. Gaboni riigipea lahkub presidendipaleest vaid jalad ees / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2005-01-01

    Kesk-Aafrika riigi Gaboni president Omar Bongo püüab detsembris toimuvatel presidendivalimistel taotleda enda tagasivalimist. Bongo on juhtinud Gaboni 38 aastat, olles sellega Aafrika riigipeade hulgas kõige staazhikam valitseja

  5. Nägemine piltide kaudu : Fotograafia antropoloogiast / Jay Ruby

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruby, Jay, 1935-

    2010-01-01

    Fotograafia ja sotsiaalteaduste suhtest visuaalse etnograafia seisukohalt. Uurimisprojektist, mille sihiks on mõista kõikide fotograafia liikide kultuurilist rolli ja funktsioone inimeste elus antropoloogilisest vaatenurgast, olles huvitatud kultuurilisest ja kommunikatiivsest, mitte hinnangulisest algest

  6. Isamaaline tundmus : Eesti ja Soome kirjamees Jüri Tilk ehk Yrjö Virula / Anu Pallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pallas, Anu, 1960-

    2010-01-01

    Avaliku elu tegelasest, ajakirjanikust ja karskuskirjanduse rajajast Jüri Tilgast, kes 19. sajandi lõpul töötas aktiivselt üldtuntud rahvajuhtide kõrval, olles ka Ado Grenzsteini lähim aatekaaslane

  7. "Surmaeelsed kogemused" võivad olla vaid uni / Alo Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Alo

    2006-01-01

    Surmasuust tagasi pöördunud inimeste kogetud valgusaistingud ja kehast lahkumise illusioonid võivad olle põhjustatud unelaadsest seisundist. Lexingtoni Kentucky ülikooli neuropsühholoogi Kevin Nelsoni uuringutest

  8. Simulatsioon, situatsioon, kaos / Rain Tolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tolk, Rain, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Provokatiivse teleprogrammi "Ekskursioon" (Kanal 2) võrdlus ameerika ja inglise analoogidega - "Da Ali G Show" ja "The Awful Truth & TV-Nation". Lisatud Kanal 2 programmijuhi Olle Mirme kommentaar ja "Provokatiivseid saateid ja momente eesti teleajaloos" lk. 126

  9. Reflections on the fight agnaist the image of shamanism / Art Leete

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leete, Art, 1969

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Sundström, Olle. Kampen mot "schamanismen" : Sovjetisk religionspolitik gentemot inhemska religioner i Sibirien och norra Ryssland. Studier av inter-religiösa relationer 40. Uppsala: Universitetstryckeriet 2007

  10. Rõnok polutshil signal / Kairi Teesalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teesalu, Kairi

    2008-01-01

    Eluasemeturul on müügipakkumiste arv hakanud sujuvalt langema, olles kahanenud sõltuvalt linnast kuni paarikümne protsendi võrra. Diagramm: Tartu ja Tallinna korteriturg. Kommenteerivad Tõnu Toompark ja Maia Daljajev

  11. Ameerika närvilised geeniused / Karlo Funk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Funk, Karlo, 1971-

    2000-01-01

    IV Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali filmidest : "Olles John Malkovich" ("Being John Malkovich") : režissöör Spike Jonze ja dokumentaalfilm "Ameerika film" ("American Movie") : režissöör Chris Smith

  12. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    W ith R olle's theorem as a starting point,w e dis- cuss som e geom etric and other aspects ofthe dis- .... at the equilibrium positions in a certain ¯eld of force. T his ¯eld is one due to a particle placed at each .... B y the hypothesis that R olle's property holds for f , there are at least r ¡ 3 zeroes of f 0 w hich are outside ¢ and are ...

  13. VLSI Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    Interpretation of IMMEDIATE fields of instructions (except ldhi ): W (c) (d) (e) sssssssssssss s imml9 sssssssssssssssssss...s imml3 Destination REGISTER of a LDHI instruction: imml9 0000000000000 Data in REGISTERS when operated upon: 32-bit quantity...Oll x l OOOO OOOl calli sll OOlO getpsw sra xxzOOll getlpc srl OlOO putpsw ldhi OlOl and zzzOllO or ldxw stxw Olll xor

  14. Clinicopathologic Correlation of Oral Lichen Planus and Oral Lichenoid Lesions: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mravak-Stipetić, Marinka; Lončar-Brzak, Božana; Bakale-Hodak, Iva; Seiwerth, Sven; Majstorović, Martina; Grce, Magdalena

    2014-01-01

    Oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL) are clinically and histologically similar lesions but their treatment planning and prognosis are different. The review of the literature indicates numerous criteria to distinguish these two lesions; however there is a lot of inconsistency. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the correlation of histopathology and clinical OLP and OLL diagnosis and to clarify which histopathologic criteria could best distinguish these two diagnoses. A retrospective study showed that clinically diagnosed 92 OLPs and 14 OLLs have been confirmed histopathologically in 52.2% and 42.9% of cases, respectively. In addition, histopathology showed statistically significant more eosinophils (P < 0.0005), plasma cells (P < 0.0005), and granulocytes (P < 0.05) in OLL than OLP. To establish histopathological diagnosis of OLP and OLL it should be mandatory to define the type of cells in mononuclear infiltrate, which can be associated more accurately with clinical feature and patient history. Therefore, currently accepted diagnostic criteria for OLP and OLL should be modified and validated on a larger number of patients taking into account particular distinguishing histopathological features. PMID:25531004

  15. Noored kineastid tõid Eestile teise koha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Šveitsis Einsiedelnis toimunud 72. ülemaailmsel harrastusfilmitegijate festivalil UNICA võitis kuldmedali Andrew Bond Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolist lühimängufilmiga "Vene suurus", hõbemedali Vallo Toomla Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolist lühimängufilmiga "Koolja" ja pronksmedali Katri Haava Eesti Kunstiakadeemiast animafilmiga "Valel poolel", kõik kolm on tudengitööd. Riikide arvestuses saavutas Eesti programm teise koha

  16. Eesti noored tulid harrastusfilmide festivalilt kolme karva medalitega / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    Šveitsis Einsiedelnis toimunud 72. rahvusvahelisel sõltumatute filmide festivalil UNICA võitis kuldmedali Andrew Bond Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolist lühimängufilmiga "Vene suurus", hõbemedali Vallo Toomla Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolist lühimängufilmiga "Koolja" ja pronksmedali Katre Haav Eesti Kunstiakadeemiast animafilmiga "Valel poolel". Riikide arvestuses saavutas Eesti filmikava teise koha. 2011. a. ekraanile jõudvast Andrew Bondi lühifilmist "Legend vägevast seebist"

  17. Rakvere teatrinoored triumfeerisid taas / Aarne Mäe, Marina Loshtshina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäe, Aarne, 1967-

    2007-01-01

    Saaremaal 16. korda peetud miniteatripäevadel sai Grand prix' Rakvere Gümnaasiumi Teatriansambli näitetrupp Pühapäeval kell 4. Žürii otsust kommenteerivad Velvo Väli, Urmas Lennuk ja Vallo Kirs. Publikupreemia, žürii huumoripreemia sai Rakvere Linnanoorte Näitetrupp Daniil Harmsi looga "Juhtumisi". Ka teistest "Jää jumalaga puberteet!" festivali võitjatest

  18. Eesti filminoored said auhinnalisi kohti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Luksemburgis toimunud 73. rahvusvahelisel UNICA harrastusfilmide festivalil said eesti filmitegijad kaks medalit ja ühe diplomi tudengifilmide konkurentsis. Hõbemedali võitis Vallo Toomla lühimängufilm "Elisabeth von Ungern-Sternmeer" ja pronksmedali Martti Helde lühimängufilm "Külm on". Mõlemad esindavad Balti Filmi- ja Meediakooli. Diplomi pälvis Stella Salumaa Eesti Kunstiakadeemia animatsiooniosakonna lõputööga, animafilmiga "Elu kilukarbis"

  19. Cultural Resources Survey, Harry S. Truman Dam and Reservoir Project, Missouri. Volume 2. Historical Resources: Historical Gazetteer and Mitigation Recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-02-01

    500 library to the City. EB, II, 123 Appleton Township (St. Clair) Organized in 1880 and named for the town. HHSC, 1000 Ararat School (St. Clair) A...Spanish words, monte and vallo, meaning a combination of hill and valley. 1VH, 857 Old Papinsville Road (earlier Osage Warpath) Given for the town. Old...Amith Cedar ideal Allen Benton local figure Antich Bnto Bibica Antioch Benton Biblical Ararat St. Clair Biblical Arkansas St. Clair situation Arnica

  20. Symptomatic oral lesions may be associated with contact allergy to substances in oral hygiene products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristine Røn; Johansen, J D; Reibel, J

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Dental materials and oral hygiene products may be responsible for oral contact allergic reactions. We aimed to determine the occurrence of allergies in patients with symptomatic oral lichen planus (OLP), oral lichenoid lesions (OLLs) and stomatitis and investigate if patch testing could...... identify contact allergies to dental materials and oral hygiene products in these patients. METHODS: Forty-nine patients (7 men, 42 women) aged 31 to 77 years (61 ± 10.3 years) with symptomatic OLP, OLL or stomatitis and 29 healthy age- and gender-matched control subjects were included. They underwent.......01). Avoidance cleared symptoms in all cases. CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Allergic reactions to aroma substances in oral hygiene products are common in patients with symptomatic OLP, OLL and stomatitis....

  1. Oral lichen planus to oral lichenoid lesions: Evolution or revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudhia, Bhavin B; Dudhia, Sonal B; Patel, Purv S; Jani, Yesha V

    2015-01-01

    The diagnosis between different diseases may be impaired by clinical and histopathologic similarities, as observed in the oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesion (OLL). Inspite of similar clinicopathological features; etiology, diagnosis and prognosis differ which mandates separation of OLL from OLP. Hence, it is essential for the oral physician and oral pathologist to be familiarized with the individual variations among clinicopathological features of OLP and OLL as well as to obtain a thorough history and perform a complete mucocutaneous examination in addition to specific diagnostic testing. The difficulties faced to establish the diagnosis between these two pathologies are widely investigated in the literature with a lack of definite conclusion. This review is an attempt to throw some light on these clinicopathologic entities with the aim to resolve the diagnostic dilemma. PMID:26980966

  2. Is oral cancer incidence among patients with oral lichen planus/oral lichenoid lesions underestimated?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Moles, M A; Gil-Montoya, J A; Ruiz-Avila, I; Bravo, M

    2017-02-01

    Oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL) are considered potentially malignant disorders with a cancer incidence of around 1% of cases, although this estimation is controversial. The aim of this study was to analyze the cancer incidence in a case series of patients with OLP and OLL and to explore clinicopathological aspects that may cause underestimation of the cancer incidence in these diseases. A retrospective study was conducted of 102 patients diagnosed with OLP (n = 21, 20.58%) or OLL (n = 81) between January 2006 and January 2016. Patients were informed of the risk of malignization and followed up annually. The number of sessions programmed for each patient was compared with the number actually attended. Follow-up was classified as complete (100% attendance), good (75-99%), moderate (25-74%), or poor (<25% attendance) compliance. Cancer was developed by four patients (3.9%), three males and one male. One of these developed three carcinomas, which were diagnosed at the follow-up visit (two in lower gingiva, one in floor of mouth); one had OLL and the other three had OLP. The carcinoma developed in mucosal areas with no OLP or OLL involvement in three of these patients, while OLP and cancer were diagnosed simultaneously in the fourth. Of the six carcinomas diagnosed, five (83.3%) were T1 and one (16.7%) T2. None were N+, and all patients remain alive and disease-free. The cancer incidence in OLP and OLL appears to be underestimated due to the strict exclusion criteria usually imposed. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Structural Design of a 6-DoF Hip Exoskeleton using Linear Series Elastic Actuators

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Xiao

    2017-01-01

    A novel hip exoskeleton with six degrees of freedom (DoF) was developed, and multiple prototypes of this product were created in this thesis. The device was an upper level of the 12-DoF lower-body exoskeleton project, which was known as the Orthotic Lower-body Locomotion Exoskeleton (OLL-E). The hip exoskeleton had three motions per leg, which were roll, yaw, and pitch. Currently, the sufferers of hemiplegia and paraplegia can be addressed by using a wheelchair or operating an exoskeleton wi...

  4. Elmut Paavel : Soomlased tulnuks Eestisse niikuinii / Elmut Paavel ; interv. Rein Raudvere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavel, Elmut, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    AS-i Valga Lihatööstus tegevjuht põhjendab kolmveerandi aktsiate müümist Soome suurimale lihatööstusettevõttele Atria Group Plc. Kommenteerivad: Otepää lihatööstuse Edgar juht Maie Niit ja Eesti Lihaliidu juhatuse esimees Olle Horm

  5. Estonia beyond the edge / Eric Kluitenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kluitenberg, Eric

    2004-01-01

    Festivali "Interstanding" üks initsiaatoreid arutleb 1990. aastate meedia festivalidel käsitletud teemade tähendusest eesti kultuurile ja selle identiteedile. 1999. aastal toimunud kolmanda festivali teemaks oli "Ülalpool piire - põgenemine marginaalsuse eest". Eestist saanud uute poliitilis-majanduslike ja globaalkultuuriliste võrgustike osa, olles olnud omamoodi vahetsooniks

  6. Pärnu uue kunsti muuseumis on näitus "Kümme aastat moodsat kunsti Pärnus varakapitalistliku Eesti tingimustes"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Osalevad Peeter Allik, Mila Balti, Chintis, Margit Joonas, Toomas Kuusing, Hannes Paldrok, Meeland Sepp, Inge Ting, Taje Tross, Andrus Joonas, Bille Tuul, Mariliis Beilmann, Olle Meyer, Sorge, rühmitus Non Grata, Asta Isak, Marianne Männi, Ville-Karel Viirelaid

  7. Pjotr Sedin maadleb raskustega / Kaisa Tahlfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tahlfeld, Kaisa

    2008-01-01

    Pjotr Sedini firma OÜ Grove Invest seitse Tallinna kesklinna kinnistut arestiti ja pannakse 420 miljoniga enampakkumisele. Vt. samas: Sundmüüki läheb seitse krunti; Grove Investi osalusega ettevõtetel on võlad kaelas. Kommenteerib Olle Orm. Küsimustele vastab vandeadvokaat Terje Eipre. Diagramm: Majandustulemused

  8. A humidity sensitive two-dimensional tunable amorphous photonic structure in the outer layer of bivalve ligament from Sunset Siliqua

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Weigang; Zhang, Gangsheng

    2015-01-01

    A humidity sensitive two-dimensional tunable amorphous photonic structure (2D TAPS) in the outer layer of bivalve ligament from Sunset Siliqua (OLLS) was reported in this paper. The structural color and microstructure of OLLS were investigated by reflection spectra and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The results indicate that the reflection peak wavelength of the wet OLLS blue-shifts from 454 nm to 392 nm with the increasing of air drying time from 0 to 40 min, while the reflectivity decreases gradually and vanishes at last, relevant color changes from blue to black background color. The structural color in the OLLS is produced by a two-dimensional amorphous photonic structure consisting of aligned protein fibers, in which the diameter of protein fiber and the inter-fiber spacing are 101 ± 12 nm. Water can reversibly tune the reflection peak wavelength and reflectivity of this photonic structure, and the regulation achieved through dynamically tuning the interaction between inter-fiber spacing and average refractive index. - Highlights: • A humidity sensitive two-dimensional tunable amorphous photonic structure • Water can reversibly tune the reflection peak wavelength and reflectivity of this photonic structure. • This photonic structure may yield very useful template for artificial structures

  9. A humidity sensitive two-dimensional tunable amorphous photonic structure in the outer layer of bivalve ligament from Sunset Siliqua

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Weigang, E-mail: abczwg15@163.com [College of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Chuzhou University, Chuzhou 239000 (China); Zhang, Gangsheng [College of Material Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004 (China)

    2015-07-01

    A humidity sensitive two-dimensional tunable amorphous photonic structure (2D TAPS) in the outer layer of bivalve ligament from Sunset Siliqua (OLLS) was reported in this paper. The structural color and microstructure of OLLS were investigated by reflection spectra and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The results indicate that the reflection peak wavelength of the wet OLLS blue-shifts from 454 nm to 392 nm with the increasing of air drying time from 0 to 40 min, while the reflectivity decreases gradually and vanishes at last, relevant color changes from blue to black background color. The structural color in the OLLS is produced by a two-dimensional amorphous photonic structure consisting of aligned protein fibers, in which the diameter of protein fiber and the inter-fiber spacing are 101 ± 12 nm. Water can reversibly tune the reflection peak wavelength and reflectivity of this photonic structure, and the regulation achieved through dynamically tuning the interaction between inter-fiber spacing and average refractive index. - Highlights: • A humidity sensitive two-dimensional tunable amorphous photonic structure • Water can reversibly tune the reflection peak wavelength and reflectivity of this photonic structure. • This photonic structure may yield very useful template for artificial structures.

  10. Kloonimiskuningas osutus tüssajaks / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Lõuna-Korea teadlane Hwang Woo-Suk astus möödunud aasta lõpus pettuses süüdistatuna tagasi Souli ülikooli professori kohalt, olles varem alusetult väitnud, et on saavutanud läbimurde geenitehnoloogias ning suudab tõhusalt tüvirakke luua

  11. Ülihiidtäht Betelgeuse kaotab massi / Jüri Ivask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ivask, Jüri, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Betelgeuse, heleduselt teine täht Orioni tähtkujus, on punane ülihiid - üks suurimaid tähti, mida teatakse. Olles vaid mõne miljoni aasta vanune, läheneb Betelgeuse juba oma eluea lõpule ning peab peagi plahvatama supernoovana

  12. Serum cytokine profile and clinicopathological findings in oral lichen planus, oral lichenoid lesions and stomatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristine Røn; Johansen, Jeanne Duus; Reibel, Jesper

    2017-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine if clinical and histopathological variables in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP), oral lichenoid lesions (OLL), and generalized stomatitis display different cytokine profiles and if concomitant contact allergy influences this profile. Forty-nine pat......The objective of this study was to examine if clinical and histopathological variables in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP), oral lichenoid lesions (OLL), and generalized stomatitis display different cytokine profiles and if concomitant contact allergy influences this profile. Forty...... analyzed and compared between groups. Nineteen patients had OLP, primarily with ulcerative lesions on the buccal mucosa, 19 patients had OLL, and 11 patients had generalized stomatitis. All patients had oral symptoms, mainly stinging and burning. Nineteen patients and 10 healthy subjects had contact...... higher levels of IL-6 than the healthy subjects. Interferon-γ, IL-12p40, and IL-12p70 were below detection limit. Our findings indicate that OLP, OLL, and generalized stomatitis cannot be discriminated by means of the selected serum cytokines, and that the presence of concomitant contact allergy does...

  13. Filaggrin gene mutations and the distribution of filaggrin in oral mucosa of patients with oral lichen planus and healthy controls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, K R; Johansen, J D; Reibel, J

    2017-01-01

    candidiasis. Immunohistochemistry were performed using poly- and monoclonal filaggrin antibodies. RESULTS: The immunoreactivity for filaggrin was significantly more intense in the oral mucosa in the patients with OLP/OLL compared to healthy controls (p=0.000025). No difference was noted in the incidence...

  14. Загадочное исчезновение акций / Артур Тооман

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тооман, Артур, 1971-

    2009-01-01

    Zircon Technologies AS-i ostu jaoks Gate Capital OÜ loonud isikud väidavad, et üks ettevõtte loojatest - Aleksandr Kuzin, olles ainus juhatuse liige mõlemas ettevõttes, kandis 51% aktsiatest oma ettevõttele Pidev OÜ ja kandib ettevõtte vara oma firmadele

  15. Permian Triassic palynofloral transition in Chintalapudi area ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Palynoassemblage-IV (Group II) is characterized by high percentage of taeniate disaccates chiefly. Lunatisporites spp. .... to the age assignment and identification of dis- ..... us pollenites. Platy saccus. Sch eurin gip olle nites. Ib is porites. In ap ertu ro pollen ites ..... graphic classification based on microfloras, macrofloras,.

  16. Iisraeli sõdurid murdsid jõuga Palestiina vanglasse / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Palestiina võimude teatel tungisid Iisraeli sõdurid 14. märtsil Jeeriko vanglasse, olles tapnud ühe vangivalvuri ja ühe kinnipeetu ning nõudsid Iisraeli turismiministri Rehavam Zeevi tapmises süüdistatava Palestiina Vabastamise Rahvarinde (PFLP) juhi Ahmed Saadati väljaandmist. Lisa: Kriis

  17. Monopol suretab kohaliku loomakasvataja / Oleg Gross ; interv . Illar Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gross, Oleg, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Väike-Maarja jäätmetehase monopoolse seisundi vastu sõna võtnud OG Elektra omanik Oleg Gross on kindel, et jäätmetehasega suretatakse kohalikud väiksemad lihatootjad välja. Kommenteerivad talupidaja Jüri Järvet ja Rakvere Lihakombinaadi direktor Olle Horm

  18. Aeg hakata Delli aktsiale mõtlema / Tõnis Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Tõnis, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Delli asutaja Michael Dell on uuesti tegevjuhi kohal olles asunud ettevõtte päästmiseks kulusid kärpima ja tegema ümberkorraldusi, vahetades välja mitmed tippjuhid. Diagrammid: Aktsia hind; Majandusnäitajad

  19. Vera Poska-Grünthal - Eesti riigimehe tütar ja naisõiguslane / Kairi Ilison

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilison, Kairi

    2010-01-01

    Riigivanema ja poliitiku Jaan Poska tütrest Vera Poska-Grünthalist (1898-1986), kes oli tuntud ajakirjanik ja naisõiguslane. Põgenes Teise maailmasõja ajal Rootsi ja asutas seal 1952. aastal ajakirja "Triinu", mis lõpetas ilmumise Torontos 1995. aastal, olles Eesti naiste ühendaja vabas maailmas

  20. Kujundusideid / Ketlin Priilinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priilinn, Ketlin, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti sisearhitektide Annes Arro, Jorma Holmi, Kaire Kemp-Tishleri (kamina sepised Heigo Jelle), Andro Kööbi, Rein Lauri (seintel Anne Parmasto ja Rein Kelpmanni maalid), Taso Mähari (eramu arhitekt Emil Urbel, seinal Lemming Nageli maal "Punane joon all - Burn Out"), Eerik Olle, Meelis Pressi ja Anu Vainomäe kujundatud elutoad. 33 värv. ill

  1. Estonian living in safest of times / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2010-01-01

    Peaminister Andrus Ansip ütles kevadisi riigikaitsekursuseid avades, et tema hinnangul elab Eesti julgeoleku seisukohalt oma ajaloo ilmselt kõige turvalisemat etappi, olles NATO ja Euroopa Liidu liige. Kursuste avamistseremooniast võtsid osa ka kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo, välisminister Urmas Paet, siseminister Marko Pomerants ja kaitseväe juhataja kindralleitnant Ants Laaneots

  2. Vtorostepennõje ljudi na ekrane "Tjomnõh notshei" / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali filme n.ö. "väikestest inimestest" : Kira Muratova "Väikesed inimesed" (Ukraina 2001), Artur Aristakisjani "Koht maa peal" (Venemaa 2001) ja Jan Hrebejk'i "Lahus olles me kaotame" (Tšehhi Vabariik 2000)

  3. Umer Ritshard Farnsvort

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Suri iseenda käe läbi ameerika näitleja Richard Farnsworth, kes sel aastal 80-aastasena sai Oscari osa eest David Lynchi filmis "Straight Story", olles vanim kõikidest, kes kunagi parima meesnäitleja Oscari saanud

  4. Põud : [luuletused] / Enn Tuuling

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuuling, Enn

    2002-01-01

    Sisu: Põud ; Aian ; Inne pikset ; Süküsõdang tarõn ; Üü tulek ; Rebäse külä vana sann ; Vana maja ; "Kes oll̀ tuu miis, kes sinno ehit ..." ; Pööningul ; Talv 1960/61. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 358-359

  5. Märtsis selgub Eesti parim tööandja / Raigo Neudorf, Agne Narusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2004-01-01

    Konsultatsioonifirma Fontes korraldas koostöös rahvusvahelise ettevõttega Hewitt Associates uuringu, mille põhjal selgub Eesti parim tööandja. Küsimusele uuringus osalemise põhjuse kohta vastavad AS-i EMT personalijuht Milvi Tepp ja AS-i Tallinna Küte personaliosakonna juhataja Ene Olle

  6. Hans Jürman 85 : Hans Jürman: kes ma olen? / Hans Jürman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürman, Hans, 1923-2014

    2010-01-01

    Hans Jürmani lapsepõlvest, kooliaastatest ning ülikooliajast. Olles hariduselt eesti filoloog on Hans Jürman töötanud ka apteekrina ja õpetajana, kuid suurema osa oma elust raamatukogudes, põhiliselt Tallinna Keskraamatukogus ja Eesti NSV Riiklikus Avalikus Raamatukogus, viimasel ajal tegeleb terminoloogiaga

  7. Pärnus tähistatakse moodsa kunsti 10. aastapäeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaatenäitus Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseumis. Näitusel osalevad Peeter Mudist, Mila Balti, Chintis, Margit Joonas, Toomas Kuusing, Hannes Paldrok, Meeland Sepp, Inge Ting, Taje Tross, Andrus Joonas, Bille Tuul, Marliis Beilmann, Olle Meyes, Sorge, Non Grata, Asta Isak, Marianne Männi

  8. Estonian social dialogue in the context of European employment strategy / Raul Eamets, Epp Kallaste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eamets, Raul, 1964-

    2003-01-01

    Sotsiaalne partnerlus on Euroopa Tööhõivestrateegia läbivaks tööpoliitika kujundamise meetmeks, olles olulise tähtsusega nii rahvusliku kui kohaliku tasandi tööhõive meetmete kujundamisel. Eestis on sotsiaalne partnerlus nõrgalt arenenud

  9. Evaluation of patients with oral lichenoid lesions by dental patch testing and results of removal of the dental restoration material

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Buket Şahin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: Oral lichenoid lesions (OLL are contact stomatitis characterized by white reticular or erosive patches, plaque-like lesions that are clinically and histopathologically indistinguishable from oral lichen planus (OLP. Amalgam dental fillings and dental restoration materials are among the etiologic agents. In the present study, it was aimed to evaluate the standard and dental series patch tests in patients with OLL in comparison to a control group and evaluate our results. Materials and Methods: Thirty-three patients with OLL or OLP and 30 healthy control subjects, who had at least one dental restoration material and/or dental filling, were included in the study. Both groups received standard series and dental patch test and the results were evaluated simultaneously. Results: The most frequent allergens in the dental series patch test in the patient group were palladium chloride (n=4; 12.12% and benzoyl peroxide (n=2, 6.06%. Of the 33 patients with OLL; 8 had positive reaction to allergents in the standard patch test series and 8 had positive reaction in the dental patch test series. There was no significant difference in the rate of patch test reaction to the dental and standard series between the groups. Ten patients were advised to have the dental restoration material removed according to the results of the patch tests. The lesions improved in three patients [removal of all amalgam dental fillings (n=1, replacement of all amalgam dental fillings with an alternative filling material (n=1 and replacement of the dental prosthesis (n=1] following the removal or replacement of the dental restoration material. Conclusion: Dental patch test should be performed in patients with OLL and dental restoration material. Dental filling and/or prosthesis should be removed/replaced if there is a reaction against a dental restoration material-related allergen.

  10. A project proposal for the construction of underwater archaeological nature routes into the Protected Marine Area of Santa Maria di Castellabate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Agizza

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The coast from Punta Tresino to Ogliastro at the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano is rich in caves while the bottom is cloaked in seagrass meadows on which shipwrecks dating from the Roman era and World War II were found. Natural landscapes, above and below water, interspersed with eloquent archaeological landmarks: coastal quarries, a roman harbour, remains of maritime villa with aquaria for fish farming. For this multileveled territory, a project proposal for the construction of underwater archaeological nature routes which aims to promote new ways of using archaeological heritage would be desirable.

  11. Meteotsunami ("Marrobbio") of 25-26 June 2014 on the Southwestern Coast of Sicily, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šepić, Jadranka; Vilibić, Ivica; Rabinovich, Alexander; Tinti, Stefano

    2018-04-01

    A major tsunami-like event, locally known as `marrobbio', impacted the southwestern coast of Sicily on 25-26 June 2014. The event was part of a chain of hazardous episodes in the Mediterranean and Black seas during the last week of June 2014 resulting from an anomalous atmospheric system ("tumultuous atmosphere") propagating eastward over the region. The synoptic patterns and vertical structure of the atmosphere over Sicily at the time of the event indicate that atmospheric wave ducting was responsible for the generation of tsunamigenic air pressure disturbances that produced especially high sea level responses ("meteotsunamis") at certain sites along the Sicilian coast. The strongest sea level oscillations were observed at Mazara del Vallo, where a 1-m meteotsunami bore, propagating upstream in the Mazaro River, was generated. The combined effects of external resonance (Proudman resonance on the western Sicilian shelf) and internal resonant conditions (bathymetric and topographic characteristics of specific sites) were found to be the key factors that caused the meteotsunami (marrobbio phenomenon) on the coast of Sicily and the meteobore at Mazara del Vallo.

  12. Atomic-Scale Imaging of Surfaces and Interfaces. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Held in Boston, Massachusetts on November 30-December 2, 1992. Volume 295

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    ofrindi idual siruxtural ui.inix cn. hoes er, be atitntcdiru Aith current comnputer hardwa~e A firsit oi Xr Model for the detect structure max be...02115 ABSTRACT Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to image the surface atomic structure of hydroxyapatite lCaI0(PO4 )6 (Oll)2 1, HA. and...The structure and chemical nature of the minerals hydroxyapatite and brushite have been studied extensively in biological researchf-t0 HA is found

  13. Leben mit Estland : Paul-Gerhard von Hoerschelmann zum 80. Geburtstag / Heinrich Wittram

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wittram, Heinrich

    2012-01-01

    Olles Põhja-Elbe Jutlustajate Seminari direktor alustas Paul-Gerhard von Hoerschelmann koostööd Eesti Evangeelse Luterliku Kirikuga 1988. aastal. Nõmmel sündinud pastori pojana olid tal selle koostöö arendamiseks igati head eeldused. 1997. aastal sai Paul-Gerhard Hoerschelmannist EELK Usuteaduse Instituudi rektor. Aastatel 1996-1998 teenis ta väikesearvulist saksakeelset kogudust Tallinnas. Aastast 2006 EELK' aupraost

  14. Strength and Microstructure of Ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-11-01

    Forex - one particular alumina ceramic, I our own detailed crack ample, the relatively large values of r, and c* for the VI observations, and those of...particularly toughness indices, 1i71", indicating that there is sonic the c° , T parameters. However, the indentation mcth- kind of trade -o1Tbetwecn...macroscopic and microsnpic odology takes us closer to the strengths of specimens toughness levels, and that this trade -off is cont’olled by with natural

  15. Conference on Occupational Health Aspects of Advanced Composite Technology in the Aerospace Industry Held in Dayton, Ohio on 6-9 February 1989. Volume 2. Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-03-01

    intrinsic psycho- social stressors (long work hours, cahcer- phobia , misinformation from health care providers, labor-management friction, media hype) with...critical materials led the way for many of the military, industrial and social changes of the past. Historians have named periods after materials, such as...ORGANIC 10 STEEL AND TITANIUM COMPOSITES oL-L I 1960 1970 1980 199 200 01 YEAR -- rv 21 Figure 4 Structural material distributions - ,ibsoniu diid

  16. re ipit tion re onstru tion using ringEwidth hronology of rim lyn ed r ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    r nges from IHHEEIUS mF hue to he vy r inf ll it does not grow in the e stern rim l y eyond q rhw lF he ringEwidth hronology of rim l y n ed r @eh. IIUIEEIWVVAD prep red from tree ores olle ted from two disjun t m ture forests in western rim l y . @figure IAD h s een used in the present studyF het ils of the methodology ...

  17. Army Helicopter Crashworthiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-01

    telescoping characteris- S . I N tics when struck from above by the crewm~an in a hard landing/ cr’ish. The design is to be ItIst 3SQ 30 1 to is 20 28...aurVivable 015 Am-ny rotary-winq accident* froms January 1972 to beembuar 1942. Vioure 16 shows the rOll frequency of ocCurrence4 whon only impacto of *25

  18. Uus Saksamaa lubab väikeriigid oma hõlma alla võtta / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen

    2005-01-01

    Nii väikeriigid kui ka maailma suurriigid on huvitatud sellest, milliseks kujuneb Saksamaa välispoliitika Angela Merkeli võimul olles: esimese kolme ametis oldud nädala jooksul võib järeldada, et Angela Merkel ei jätka Gerhard Schröderi sirgjoonelist välispoliitilist kurssi, vaid eelistab balansseerida erinevate suurvõimude vahel, unustamata samas ka väikeriike. Lisa: Angela Merkel

  19. A Topological Model for Parallel Algorithm Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    effort should be directed to planning, requirements analysis, specification and design, with 20% invested into the actual coding, and then the final 40...be olle more language to learn. And by investing the effort into improving the utility of ai, existing language instead of creating a new one, this...193) it abandons the notion of a process as a fundemental concept of parallel program design and that it facilitates program derivation by rigorously

  20. Ehitusmeistrist arhitektiks - G. F. W. Geist Tartu linnaruumi kujundajana 19. sajandi esimesel poolel / Epi Tohvri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohvri, Epi

    2004-01-01

    Ehitusmeistri ja arhitektina töötanud Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Geisti tegevusest Tartus 1810-1846, mil ta etendas olulist rolli Tartu linnaruumi väljaehitamisel, olles pea kõikide linna ja kroonu tellitud avalike hoonete (kaubahoov, hobupostijaam, kreiskool, vaestemaja, haigla jne.) ning kirikute plaanide koostaja ja ehitustööde juhataja, arhitektuuriõpetaja ja lõpuks ka arhitekt

  1. The investigation formation of complexes of Fe(III) and Fe(II) in the water solution of imidazole at 298 K

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radjabov, U.R.; Yusupov, Z.N.; Sharipov, I.Kh.

    2001-01-01

    C H lm=0.1 mol/l, C F e(II)=1·10 - 4 m ol/l and iron sterns: 0.10, 0.25, 0.50 and 1.00 mol/l. It is established that in the investigated systems form at different on composition mono-, polynuclear, homo-- and heterovalent coordination compounds. In aids of the oxidation function accurate the composition, defined the constants formation and domination sphere of complex forms

  2. Planeering kui kaasaegne teos par excellence : kas tulevikku saab välja mõelda? = The plan as a contenporary work par excellence : can the future be made up? / Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammis, Toomas, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Tulevikku saab kavandada läbi visioonide, läbi erinevate erialade teadmistest kokku lõimunud loomingulise akti, mis ei saa kunagi olla liiga täpne. Planeering saab olla teatav süsteem, mis suudab lõputult produtseerida väikseid üsna täpselt koha- ja keskkonnatundlikke produkte, jäädes ise pidevasse loomisse ning pooleliolekusse, olles pidevas interaktsioonis ühiskonnaga viimast lõputult monitoorides ja muutes

  3. Väike luulekaleidoskoop. III / Jürgen Rooste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rooste, Jürgen, 1979-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade järgmistest luuleraamatutest: Anmann, Aarne. Südametunnistuse mälestuseks. Tartu : A. Anmann, 2009 ; Ilmet, Peep. Meilmail. Tallinn : Varrak, 2009 ; Kasemaa, Andrus. Lagunemine. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2009 ; Kuus, Anti ; Oll, Sulev. Öö mõte on kuus. Tallinn : Akta A. K., 2008 ; Meres, Triinu. Lagunemine. Tartu : Hermes, 2009 ; Tasuja, Triin. Provintsiluule. Tartu : Värske Rõhk, 2009

  4. Response of the Rumen Microbiota of Sika Deer (Cervus nippon Fed Different Concentrations of Tannin Rich Plants.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhipeng Li

    Full Text Available High throughput sequencing was used to examine the rumen microbiota of sika deer fed high (OLH and low concentration (OLL of tannin rich oak leaves. The results showed that Prevotella spp. were the most dominant bacteria. The most predominant methanogens were the members of the order Methanoplasmatales. The dominant rumen protozoa were Entodinium longinucleatum, Eudiplodinium maggii, and Epidinium caudatum, and the fungal communities were mostly represented by Piromyces spp. Moreover, the relative abundance of Pseudobutyrivibrio spp. (P=0.026, unidentified bacteria (P=0.028, and Prevotella spp. (P=0.022 was lower in the OLH group than in the OLL group. The concentration of propionate in the OLH group was greater than in the OLL group (P=0.006. Patterns of relationships showed that methanogens belonging to the order Methanoplasmatales were negatively correlated with Treponema spp., Ent. Longinucleatum, and acetate. Methanosphaera stadtmanae was positively correlated to propionate, while Methanobrevibacter ruminantium was negatively associated with Methanobrevibacter thaueri and Methanobrevibacter millerae. Tannins altered the rumen microbes and fermentation patterns. However, the response of the entire rumen microbiota and the relationship between rumen microorganisms and the fermentation parameters were not fully understood.

  5. Serum cytokine profile and clinicopathological findings in oral lichen planus, oral lichenoid lesions and stomatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, Jeanne Duus; Reibel, Jesper; Zachariae, Claus; Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge

    2017-01-01

    Abstract The objective of this study was to examine if clinical and histopathological variables in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP), oral lichenoid lesions (OLL), and generalized stomatitis display different cytokine profiles and if concomitant contact allergy influences this profile. Forty‐nine patients and 29 healthy age‐ and gender‐matched subjects were included. Demographic and clinical data immunohistochemical findings in mucosal specimens, results of contact allergy testing, and serum levels of tumor necrosis factor‐α, interferon‐γ, interleukin (IL)‐6, IL‐10, IL‐12p40, and IL‐12p70 were analyzed and compared between groups. Nineteen patients had OLP, primarily with ulcerative lesions on the buccal mucosa, 19 patients had OLL, and 11 patients had generalized stomatitis. All patients had oral symptoms, mainly stinging and burning. Nineteen patients and 10 healthy subjects had contact allergies, primarily to fragrance ingredients. Patient groups did not differ with regard to oral symptoms, clinical pattern of the lesions, or contact allergy. Serum cytokine levels did not differ between the different patient groups and were not related to histopathological findings. The patients had higher levels of IL‐6 than the healthy subjects. Interferon‐γ, IL‐12p40, and IL‐12p70 were below detection limit. Our findings indicate that OLP, OLL, and generalized stomatitis cannot be discriminated by means of the selected serum cytokines, and that the presence of concomitant contact allergy does not influence the cytokine expression. PMID:29744205

  6. Designing a point-absorber wave energy converter for the Mediterranean Sea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Archetti, Renata; Moreno Miquel, Adria; Antonini, Alessandro; Passoni, Giuseppe; Bozzi, Silvia; Gruosso, Giambattista; Scarpa, Francesca; Bizzozero, Federica; Giassi, Marianna

    2015-01-01

    This work aims to assess the potential for wave energy production in the Italian seas by the deployment of arrays of heaving point absorbers, specifically optimized for mild climates. We model a single-body WEC, consisting of a cylindrical heaving buoy, attached to a linear electric generator placed on the seabed. The model includes both hydrodynamic and electromechanical forces. The results show that the best buoy-generator configuration at the selected sites (Alghero and Mazara del Vallo) is given by a 6 to 10 kW device and with a buoy with diameter between 4 and 5 m. This device can be brought to resonance, increasing the performances, by adding a submerged sphere. These results are encouraging and enlarge the perspective on wave energy production in the Italian seas. [it

  7. Modeling of a Point Absorber for Energy Conversion in Italian Seas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Archetti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper, we investigate the feasibility of wave electricity production in Italian seas by the deployment of the Seabased wave energy converter (WEC. A numerical model of the coupled buoy-generator system is presented, which simulates the behavior of the wave energy converter under regular waves of different wave heights and periods. The hydrodynamic forces, including excitation force, radiation impedance and hydrostatic force, are calculated by linear potential wave theory, and an analytical model is used for the linear generator. Two buoys of different radii are considered to explore the effect of buoy dimension on energy conversion and device efficiency. The power output is maximized by adding a submerged object to the floating buoy, in order to bring the system into resonance with the typical wave frequencies of the sites. The simulation results show a very good agreement with the published data on the Seabased WEC. The model is used to estimate energy production at eight Italian offshore locations. The results indicate that the degree of utilization of the device is higher than 20% at the two most energetic Italian sites (Alghero and Mazara del Vallo and that it can be considerably increased if the floating body is connected to a submerged object, thanks to the resonant behavior of the WEC. In this case, the degree of utilization of the device would be higher than 40% at most of the study sites, with the highest value at Mazara del Vallo. The work enlarges the perspective, to be confirmed by experimental tests and more accurate numerical modeling, on clean electric power production from ocean waves in the Italian seas.

  8. Esimene foto Tallinnast? / Tõnis Liibek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liibek, Tõnis

    2007-01-01

    Kõigi eelduste kohaselt võiks vanim Tallinna kujutav foto pärineda ajavahemikust 1845-55. Suure tõenäosusega võib vanim Tallinna foto asuda Saksamaal, olles ümberasujate poolt kaasa võetud. Teadaolevalt vanim Tallinna fotojäädvustus pärineb 1850. aastate lõpust, reservatsioonidega võiks see olla Tallinna Linnamuuseumis säilitatav ülesvõte Toompeale viivast äsja valminud Falgi teest. Tallinnas tegutsenud esimestest fotograafidest.

  9. Identification and Quantification of the Water Soluble Components of JP-4 and a Determination of Their Biological Effects upon Selected Freshwater Organisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-30

    minutes. Absorbances ere read at 630am on a Perkin-Elmer (Coleman 124) double beam speztrophotonater and compared to a standard curve made from para ... aminophenol (PAP), 0.05mg to 0-00oll Q- "lagM.Lnat RfteklpMi4I &&all UndWE 0.5m1 of aninopyrine stock solution (7.0mg/mI buffer) was added to the...on the HPLC column mill be collected and counted in a liq- uid scintillation counter G. Scanning electron microscopy will be used for studying gross

  10. Mida õpetab Georgia sõda / Martin Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Martin, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Pärnu Postimees 16. aug. lk. 19. Autori hinnangul tuleks Gruusia konfliktist tehtavatest järeldustest tingituna tugevdada olulisel määral Eesti kaitseväge ja relvastust, Venemaa ründe all olles aga loobuda Lääne nõudest vaherahu nimel tagasi tõmbuda. Samuti tuleks arvestada ka asjaoluga, et kohalik venekeelne kogukond on riigile sisepoliitiliselt suureks ohuks. Autori sõnul on ka Eesti esindatus välismissioonidel ressursside raiskamine ning oma vägede koju toomine tugevdaks riigi kaitsevõimet

  11. Eesti proosa 2007 - kultuuri ja tsivilisatsiooni vahel / Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Peeter, 1978-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade 2007. aasta eesti proosast. Käsitletakse järgimisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Ene Mihkelson "Katkuhaud", Jaan Kaplinski "Seesama jõgi", Toomas Vint "Mäluauguga naine", Mehis Heinsaar "Rändaja õnn", Maimu Berg "Unustatud inimesed", Mihkel Mutt "Siseemigrant", Vahur Afanasjev "Kaadrid otsustavad", Epp Annus "Sina, Matilda", Ivar Sild "Tantsiv linn", Tiina Laanem "Väikesed vanamehed", Olle Lauli "Niguliste õpilased", Aarne Biin "Linna valitsemine", Jaan Aps ja Joonas Sildre "Hinglõõm". Ka Armin Kõomäe loomingust. Artikli aluseks on Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi 2007. a. eesti kirjanduse ülevaatekoosolekul peetud ettekanne

  12. snerti lEhissip tion flux me surements over south f y of feng l during ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    his p per des ri es me surement of irEse p r meters nd estim tion of sensi le nd l tent he t fluxes y the snerti lEhissip tion99 te hnique over south f y of feng lF he d t were olle ted on. y g r u ny during fyfwi E ilot ruise during the period PQrd y to er IWWV to IPth xovem er. IWWV over south f y of feng lF he fluxes re estim ...

  13. Evaluación de hidrogeles para aplicaciones agroforestales

    OpenAIRE

    Barón Cortés, Andrés; Barrera Ramírez, Ingrid Xiomara; Boada Eslava, Luis Francisco; Rodríguez Niño, Gerardo

    2010-01-01

    Con hidrogeles sintetizados por medio de la técnica de polimerización en suspensión inversa (PSI), compuestos por acrilamida y acrilato de potasio entrecruzados con N, N’ metilen-bis-acrilamida y que presentan diferentes comportamientos desde el punto de vista de capacidad y velocidad de hinchamiento, módulo elástico y propie-dades de liberación, se estudia la modificación de las propiedades hidráulicas de un suelo tipo franco arcilloso realizando curvas de retención de humedad, empleando oll...

  14. xumeri l simul tion of the m rine ound ry l yer hr teristi s over the fy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    se surf e temper ture nd surf e rel tive humidity th t re olle ted on o rd y g r u ny F he tive onve tion se @from QIst y to er EE. Pnd xovem erA here fter referred s g seEI nd the suppressed onve tion se @Qrd EE Sth xovem erA referred s g seEPF por g seEID the model initi l ondiE tions re prep red using the verti l profiles ...

  15. Essays on Industry Portfolios and Macroeconomic News

    OpenAIRE

    Järvinen, Jari

    2000-01-01

    Viime vuosina tiedotusvälineissä on aktiivisesti tulkittu osakemarkkinoiden päivittäisiä liikkeitä erilaisten uutisten perusteella. Usein uutisoidaan esimerkiksi, että "osakekurssit laskivat odotettua parempien työllisyyslukujen vuoksi" tai, että "inflaation kiihtyminen nosti korkoja ja laski pörssikursseja." Erilaisten taloustilastojen julkistamispäivät ovatkin tärkeitä ajankohtia sijoittajille, sillä mikäli ne poikkeavat markkinoiden keskimääräisistä odotuksista, tulisi näillä uutisilla oll...

  16. Electronic Properties of Functional Biomolecules at Metal/Aqueous Solution Interfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Jingdong; Chi, Qijin; Kuznetsov, A.M.

    2002-01-01

    in electronic properties and stochastic single-molecule features and can be probed by new methods which approach the single-molecule level. Olle of these is in situ scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) in which single-molecule electronic properties directly in aqueous solution are probed. In situ STM combined...... with physical electrochemistry, single-crystal electrodes, and spectroscopic methods is now a new dimension in interfacial bioelectrochemistry. We overview first same approaches to spectroscopic single-molecule imaging, including fluorescence spectroscopy, chemical reaction dynamics, atomic force microscopy...

  17. Romanian Libray Science Distance Education. Current Context and Possible Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia-Adriana Tomescu

    2012-01-01

    We thought it would be very useful to propose a model of teaching, learning and assessment for distance higher librarianship tested on www.oll.ro, Open learning library platform to analyze the impact on students, and especially to test the effectiveness of teaching and assessing knowledge from distance. We set a rigorous approach that reflects the problems facing the Romanian LIS education system and emphasizes the optimal strategies that need to be implemented. The benefits of such an approach can and classified as: innovation in education, communicative facilities, and effective strategies for teaching library science.

  18. Structural Health Monitoring 2007: Quantification, Validation, and Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-01

    Sflf·Dial.nosis 11:00-11:20 Roton;:raft. Lallllcll """’~ LesM.u Lea.. td ~lllSpirfd ’Id C.libralioll P~IlOStic:s S)’S1.~:IV Piptiiltt$, a.d i.SH;\\1...Strllttural Hnlill Mooitonn or Real Brld "In’ l!Iln No.·,,1 Flbf,r tit At«lel"OllWler ,.299 10.20 -10:40 M. Bruns. Th. Nllschl::e-Pa I, K 011 er, llJ Braunsch

  19. Friday Harbor Marina Expansion Study--San Juan Island, Washington: Final Detailed Project Report and Environmental Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-04-01

    1) nor at any other land or water site in the area. The existing wood enclosed plastic flo- tation chambered breakwater would continue to deteriorate...large bates of absorbent chips on hand to deal with minor oil spills. We have ordered from Crowley Environmental Services, Seattle, Washington 100 3M TY...Oll ’ ih ICbI of 811) , ,* (&) Power or natural #;41%4 the ibuve ifllomiiuci is true snd1. Luniple:it Is i U.6~ I. ( i.iilu hat~ ihr lca . a&icn.y mai~y

  20. Characterisation of Fibre Reinforced Titanium Matrix Composites. (La Caracterisation des Materiaux Composites a Matrice de Titane Renforces par Fibres)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    consolidation des materiaux composites sont disponibles pour la fabrication de composants structuraux. A l’eure actuelle, certains pays diveloppent des...mat~itmru te si -Le6prouveite rayonimee perniet d’approcher ces caract~nstiqtues en uldisant des plaques disponibles stir 22-4 I ll/ol1N a12/ollN a22...Compe’: tesi Septernher I193. 23-2 are unlikely to behave as homogeneous components in service other factors become materials. The combination of elastic

  1. History of the Organization and Operations of the Committee of Operations Analysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1944-01-01

    indu.atrlal tar&eta for 8- _’".’"’"_’’’,’’’ Of·. lgbt .onths, the effect would be to impair very c .... ,,’Q .. "’· the olipAoitq of the Weatern .Axis to...figure for 1944 III1.ght be achieved. The Ori6ntal EoertOll1at, ·,.tatedthllt;, ot! the haitI ! of 9S way. and of existing techniquee, • of 300,000 tou

  2. Enterprise risk management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eaton, C. [Enbridge, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2015-07-01

    Enterprise risk management (ERM) is a relative new, holistic and strategic approach for managing risks in modern organizations. ERM builds on and extends traditional risk management (RM). Risk is the effect of uncertainty on objectives - positive and/or negative. Risk management is a set of practices used to understand and address risk. ERM is a form of RM that emphasizes risk aggregation and integration. Risk aggregation is combining individual risks into categories ({sup r}olled up{sup )}. risk integration is embedding RM into organizational contexts ({sup b}uilt in{sup )}.

  3. Vello Vinn : Eripära eesti graafikas = A curiosity in Estonian graphic art / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Klaasikunsti õppinud Vello Vinn kerkis 1970-ndatel aastatel esile oma oforditehnikas peenekoeliste tööde erilisusega, luues kummastavaid kooslusi, kus eri valdkondadest pärit komponendid olid aheldatud ootamatustesse seostesse. Tol ajal kuulus ta vaieldamatult eesti graafikakunsti tippu, olles fantaasiaküllane visionäär, kelle teostes ilmnes selge sotsiaalkriitiline mõõde. Rahvusvaheliselt on tuntuks saanud ka oma eksliibriste ja raamatuillustratsioonidega, viljelnud ka kollaaži. 1990-ndaist aktiivne sürrealistliku rühmituse "Para '89" liige, osaledes edukalt mitmetel välisnäitustel

  4. Effects of Ionization-Induced Smog on Air Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-30

    MAR 33 APR eoiton may n* wJse vi+til Ctn l en u SEC’.ITY C ,SSIC-ACN OF -’S PAGE All Ott 𔃻t OitlDOrn are OllOel.i UNCLASSIFIED %N UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY...reported around 5.85 om and 7.5 pim . However, these were not observed in our measure- ments with nitric acid deliberately added to the air sample...term buildup of absorption in the 6.7 pim to 7.4 pm range and a shorter-lived (8 minute decay) absorption near 6.2 pm, and a shorter-lived absorption

  5. Selected Works of Oded Schramm

    CERN Document Server

    Benjamini, Itai

    2011-01-01

    This volume is dedicated to the memory of the late Oded Schramm (1961-2008), distinguished statistician. Throughout his life, Oded made profound and beautiful contributions to mathematics that will have a lasting influence. In these two volumes, Editors Itai Benjamini and Olle Haggstrom have collected some of his papers, supplemented with three survey papers by Steffen Rohde, Haggstrom and Cristophe Garban that further elucidate his work. The papers within are a representative collection that shows the breadth, depth, enthusiasm and clarity of his work, with sections on Geometry, Noise Sensiti

  6. Relational Programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-01

    be illustrated by example. If ’z’ is the name of an individual and ’C’ is the name of a class (set), then ’ zEC ’ means that the individual denoted by ’z...will abbreviate this un z. Conversely, if C is a single element class, then un-1 C selects the unique member of that class: un-1C = Lz( zEC ). It is...Professor Peter Henderson1 Department of Computer Science SUNY at Stony Brook Long Island, NY 11794 Dr. Olle Olsson Department of Computer Science

  7. Production of carcinogenic acetaldehyde by Candida albicans from patients with potentially malignant oral mucosal disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gainza-Cirauqui, M L; Nieminen, M T; Novak Frazer, L; Aguirre-Urizar, J M; Moragues, M D; Rautemaa, R

    2013-03-01

    Production of carcinogenic acetaldehyde by Candida has been suggested to contribute to epithelial dysplasia and oral carcinogenesis. Oral lichen planus (OLP), oral lichenoid lesion (OLL) and oral leukoplakia (OL) are potentially carcinogenic oral diseases where colonisation by Candida is common, but acetaldehyde production by Candida has not been studied. Acetaldehyde production in ethanol (11 mM), glucose (100 mM), ethanol-glucose (11 mM and 100 mM) or red wine (1200 mM ethanol) incubation by Candida albicans from patients with OLL (n = 6), OLP (n = 16), OL (n = 6) and controls (n = 6) was measured by gas chromatography. Participants completed a questionnaire regarding their smoking habits and alcohol consumption. All Candida albicans isolates produced potentially carcinogenic levels of acetaldehyde (>100 μM) in all incubations containing ethanol. The control group isolates produced the highest acetaldehyde levels. Isolates from smokers produced more acetaldehyde in all incubations than those from non-smokers. The difference was significant in ethanol-glucose incubation. Isolates from patients who were both smokers and drinkers produced the highest amounts when incubated in ethanol, ethanol-glucose and wine. Candida albicans isolated from potentially carcinogenic oral diseases can produce mutagenic amounts of acetaldehyde. Cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption may favour adaptational changes resulting in the upregulation of candidal acetaldehyde metabolism. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. All rights reserved.

  8. Epidermal growth factor receptor expression in different subtypes of oral lichenoid disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortés-Ramírez, Dionisio-Alejandro; Rodríguez-Tojo, María-Jose; Coca-Meneses, Juan-Carlos; Marichalar-Mendia, Xabier; Aguirre-Urizar, José-Manuel

    2014-09-01

    The oral lichenoid disease (OLD) includes different chronic inflammatory processes such as oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL), both entities with controversial diagnosis and malignant potential. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EFGR) is an important oral carcinogenesis biomarker and overexpressed in several oral potentially malignant disorders. To analyze the EGFR expression in the OLD to find differences between OLP and OLL, and to correlate it with the main clinical and pathological features. Forty-four OLD cases were studied and classified according to their clinical (Group C1: only papular lesions / Group C2: papular and other lesions) and histopathological features (Group HT: OLP-typical / Group HC: OLP-compatible) based in previous published criteria. Standard immunohistochemical identification of EGFR protein was performed. Comparative and descriptive statistical analyses were performed. Thirty-five cases (79.5%) showed EGFR overexpression without significant differences between clinical and histopathological groups (p<0.05). Histological groups showed significant differences in the EGFR expression pattern (p=0.016). Conlusions: All OLD samples showed high EGFR expression. The type of clinical lesion was not related with EGFR expression; however, there are differences in the EGFR expression pattern between histological groups that may be related with a different biological profile and malignant risk.

  9. Assessment of the financial implications for laparoscopic liver surgery: a single-centre UK cost analysis for minor and major hepatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu Hilal, Mohammed; Di Fabio, Francesco; Syed, Shareef; Wiltshire, Robert; Dimovska, Eleonora; Turner, David; Primrose, John N; Pearce, Neil W

    2013-07-01

    Laparoscopic hepatectomy is progressively gaining popularity. However, it is still unclear whether the laparoscopic approach offers cost advantages compared with the open approach, especially when major hepatectomies are required. Data providing useful insights into the costs of the laparoscopic approach for clinicians and hospitals are needed. The aim of this study is to assess the financial implications of the laparoscopic approach for two standardized minor and major hepatectomies: left lateral sectionectomy and right hepatectomy. A cost comparison analysis of patients undergoing laparoscopic right hepatectomy (LRH) and laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy (LLLS) versus the open counterparts was performed. Data considered for the comparison analysis were operative costs (theatre cost, consumables and surgeon/anaesthetic labour cost), postoperative costs (hospital stay, complication management and readmissions) and overall costs. A total of 149 patients were included: 38 patients underwent LRH and 46 open right hepatectomy (ORH); 46 patients underwent LLLS and 19 open left lateral sectionectomy (OLLS). For LRH the mean operative, postoperative and overall costs were £10,181, £4,037 and £14,218; for ORH the mean operative, postoperative and overall costs were £6,483 (p costs were £5,460, £2,599 and £8,059; for OLLS the mean operative, postoperative and overall costs were £5,841 (p = 0.874), £5,796 (p cost advantage of the laparoscopic approach for left lateral sectionectomy and the cost neutrality for right hepatectomy.

  10. Why is the central area of the Alburni Mts in southern Italy so full of caves?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cafaro, Simona; Gueguen, Erwan; Parise, Mario; Schiattarella, Marcello

    2016-04-01

    The Alburni Mts represent one of the most important karst area of southern Italy, with about 250 registered caves. Located in the southern Apennines, they constitute an impressive carbonate massif within the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Campania-Lucania platform. The study area is located inside the National Park of Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Alburni, and is bounded by two major rivers: the Calore and Tanagro rivers. This area has been repeatedly affected during Pleistocene by the activity of a regional, partly blind, NW-SE-striking fault system responsible for several huge earthquakes. The massif is limited to the north by an important normal fault zone (Alburni Line), whereas towards the E-SE it is bounded by a complex fault system linking the Alburni Mts to the Maddalena Mts across the Auletta basin and the Vallo di Diano valley. The entire massif is structured by NW-SE trending transtensional faults delimiting half-graben basins, and offset also by NE-SW trending faults. In particular, structural and geomorphological data have shown that the central area of the calcareous ridge is characterized by a relative structural low rhombic-shaped in planimetric view. Approximately 180 karst caves of the known 250, including some of the most significant from a speleological viewpoint, are located in this area. Is this simply due to repeated exploration activity in the last 25 years in this specific sector or might it be related to geological matter? New morphometric and structural data suggest that a relevant transversal structure, consisting of a complex NE-SW fault system, responsible for the genesis of the downthrown area in the central sector of the flat-topped ridge, was able to create the tectonic framework for the development of a great number of karst caves which present peculiar features and hydrological behaviour due to such structural controls. In this contribution we present and discuss these data, aimed at contributing to increase the knowledge on an area of sure

  11. Liver melanomacrophage centres and CYP1A expression as response biomarkers to environmental pollution in European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) from the western Mediterranean Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basilone, Gualtiero; Gargano, Antonella; Corriero, Aldo; Zupa, Rosa; Santamaria, Nicoletta; Mangano, Salvatore; Ferreri, Rosalia; Pulizzi, Maurizio; Mazzola, Salvatore; Bonanno, Angelo; Passantino, Letizia

    2018-06-01

    The goal of the present study was to verify the suitability of using melanomacrophage centres (MMCs) as response biomarkers of marine pollution in European anchovy, which are short-lived, migratory, small pelagic fish. This suitability was verified by analysing the MMC density and cytochrome P450 monooxygenase 1A (CYP1A) expression in livers of anchovies from four areas of southern Italy. Age 2 anchovies sampled from three areas exposed to pollutants of industrial/agricultural origin (Gulf of Gela, Mazara del Vallo and Gulf of Naples) showed liver areas occupied by MMCs and numbers of MMCs that were significantly higher than those in the anchovies from Pozzallo, which is a marine area not subjected to any source of pollution. Anti-CYP1A immunoreactivity was observed in the hepatocytes of all specimens sampled from the Gulf of Gela. These findings suggest the utility of liver MMCs as biomarkers of exposure to pollutants in this small pelagic fish. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. From Perceived Values to Shared Values: A Multi-Stakeholder Spatial Decision Analysis (M-SSDA for Resilient Landscapes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cerreta

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper puts forth a Multi-Stakeholder Spatial Decision Analysis (M-SSDA which combines Multi-Stakeholders Decision Analysis (M-SDA and GIS processing based on a collaborative, hybrid and adaptive evaluative approach to support the elaboration of enhancement strategies designed for resilient landscapes. This methodology has been tested in the research project “Cilento Labscape: An integrated model for the activation of a Living Lab in the National Park of Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Alburni”, which was conducted in the Cilento National Park (Southern Italy. The aim of the methodology is to find alternative touristic routes for the promotion of the Park. The different steps in the process will be described, as will the employment of multiple tools/techniques (interviews, GIS tools, Semantic Analysis, and Geo-Statistical Analysis to improve the reliability of the decision-making process. The most relevant results of the methodology will also be outlined in terms of the transition from the identification of the perceived landscape’s values to the acknowledgement of the shared values, and their consequent employment for the outlining of new thematic itineraries for the Park. To realise sustainable territorial strategies and preserve the landscape through bottom-up decision-making processes, the different local communities need to gain a new awareness of their identity shared values and make an active contribution towards promoting and managing their site-specific resources.

  13. Review of photodynamic therapy in actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marica B Ericson

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Marica B Ericson1,2, Ann-Marie Wennberg1, Olle Larkö11Department of Dermatology; 2Department of Physics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, SwedenAbstract: The number of non-melanoma skin cancers is increasing worldwide, and so also the demand for effective treatment modalities. Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT using aminolaevulinic acid or its methyl ester has recently become good treatment options for actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma; especielly when treating large areas and areas with field cancerization. The cure rates are usually good, and the cosmetic outcomes excellent. The only major side effect reported is the pain experienced by the patients during treatment. This review covers the fundamental aspects of topical PDT and its application for treatment of actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma. Both potentials and limitations will be reviewed, as well as some recent development within the field.Keywords: photodynamic therapy, actinic keratosis, basal cell carcinoma

  14. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Janika Kronberg, Rutt Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Afanasjev, Vahur. Kosmos. Tallinn : Jutulind, 2008 ; Hvostov, Andrei. Võõrad lood. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2008 ; Lauli, Olle. Niguliste õpilased. Tallinn : Verb, 2007 ; Rooste, Jürgen. Tavaline eesti idioot. Pärnu : Ji, 2008 ; Talvet, Jüri. Silmad peksavad une seinu. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2008 ; Beekman, Aimée. Proovielu. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008 ; Kivi, Aita. Lähedal. Tallinn : Ajakirjade Kirjastus, 2008 ; Beekman, Vladimir. Alles see oli. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2008 ; Viiding, Elo. Püha Maama. Tallinn : Tuum, 2008 ; Nõu, Helga. Peaaegu geenius ehk Schrödingeri kassi otsimas. Tallinn : Atlex, 2008 ; Unt, Lii. Parim näitleja linnas. Varanasi päevaraamat. Tallinn : Eesti Ekspressi Kirjastus, 2007 ; Sild, Ivar. Tantsiv linn. Tallinn : Tuum, 2007

  15. Analysis of Air Force Secondary Power Logistics Solution Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    for the F-1 5 award that thc SPLS contract has 9 option years during which the contracting offi cer mUSI determine whether the price for each option...slaled III part 2. $p..",:lal ..!lOrIS muSI he la ~cn 10 m:lkc ~ure Ihal i lone~’\\\\ e ll 0.11)1.𔄀 nOI "prolif ’ ’’l th ;l t\\ tr ForN’, .:~p.:n6...Iludil r~’I,:Oll1mendfllioll thai prup;:r dtlenlli’lO’ll\\)ll for hundling mUSI ~ obl:ained. NOfl-OOIlcur 11’,lh Ic \\’el 01 dclCnlllnftltOTl rtl

  16. Hirm, raha ja armastus / Margot Visnap, Kadi Herkül, Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnap, Margot, 1959-

    1999-01-01

    Teleteatri aastaringist - ETV kaheksa lavastust seitsmelt lavastajalt : Toomas Hussar/Ervin Õunapuu "Linnapea ehk Hirmu põhivormid". Rezh. T. Hussar. Eetris 1. jaan. 1998; A.H. Tammsaare/Ain Prosa "Ma armastasin sakslast". Rezh. A. Prosa. Eetris 24. veebr. 1998; Dennis Potter "Sa oled koor minu kohvis". Rezh. Vilja Palm. Eetris 1. jaan. 1999; Ain Prosa/Karl Ristikivi "lihtne lugu, lõpuga". Rezh. Ain Prosa. Eetris 28. nov. 1998; Betti Alver/Margus Kasterpalu "Tuulearmuke". Rezh. Elo Selirand. Eetris 23. mail 1998; Faama Filmi ja ETV teleteatri koostöö "Isa", sts. ja rezh. Mart Kivastik. Eetris 28. märtsil 1998; "Lilled Leale", sts. ja rezh. Olle Mirme Toomas Vindi novelli põhjal; Rein Saluri "Andke neile andeks", lav. Talvo Pabut. Eetris 19. okt. 1998

  17. Acoustic properties of Indian Ocean manganese nodules in relation to physical constitution and chemical composition

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mukhopadhyay, R; Ramana, Y.V.

    . India. 337 338 R. MurmoP~mavAv and Y. V. R.~NA 14- l~- S • 2*E :,3" r4" r • / / / / ~ot//Q IN ,# ,.. o~:; ill It? Q g S||lCeOUS ClOy (SCl CENTRAL INDIAN BASIN sx O IttS 0 loe a,tO OCEAN S Ilic i ,~o 'de ~ScJ LEGEND S~} SS... ...... ,, lee lie O L. O,?e O'll I IOO k I'11. f~ leo 0 Seal ment l"ranslllonl S T ) i i zoe O Pet eg~: clay IPCI I IsoO I t I Fig. I. Location of the samples (sediment distribution after UDIN'rSEV, 1975). were polished using fine carborundum powder...

  18. Mathematical methods for hydrodynamic limits

    CERN Document Server

    Masi, Anna

    1991-01-01

    Entropy inequalities, correlation functions, couplings between stochastic processes are powerful techniques which have been extensively used to give arigorous foundation to the theory of complex, many component systems and to its many applications in a variety of fields as physics, biology, population dynamics, economics, ... The purpose of the book is to make theseand other mathematical methods accessible to readers with a limited background in probability and physics by examining in detail a few models where the techniques emerge clearly, while extra difficulties arekept to a minimum. Lanford's method and its extension to the hierarchy of equations for the truncated correlation functions, the v-functions, are presented and applied to prove the validity of macroscopic equations forstochastic particle systems which are perturbations of the independent and of the symmetric simple exclusion processes. Entropy inequalities are discussed in the frame of the Guo-Papanicolaou-Varadhan technique and of theKipnis-Oll...

  19. Geophysical Investigation in Support of Beaver Dam Comprehensive Seepage Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    29 JANUARY 1986 1118.35 3 MARCH 1986 1117.10 43 _9_ KANSAS CITY 65S city 630 FigreD.MiteNa rLA~c c roof To PMMEE OZRKS oll 4) 4 c0 x 9 c~ c 4) 154 iL...8217 q 10 S To F S T I U yI: 0 E H N IN sb a ITIU M C F T E A K E UOE S CRI P T 10N I N E T 0 s N s ~ LIYESTW *IE T I LIGHT To IAIRK i; RAYO I 31 1 ILl...VARlIER IV ISTE Figure 3. Geologic column 00 K 0 0 A~ V. 44 z u w LL0 s.- US LS C.) zo WECC; w0 0 Ř 4, + + +S + 4+ 03 4- + + z oO Z I 4- x 144 0

  20. Patrones de uso de sitios naturales y artificiales por Branta bernicla nigricans (Anseriformes: Anatidae en Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur, México Habitat use patterns of the Black Brant Branta bernicla nigricans (Anseriformes: Anatidae in natural and artificial areas of Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Israel Martínez Cedillo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En el complejo lagunar Guerrero Negro-Ojo de Liebre-Exportadora de Sal inverna el 31% de la población de Ganso de collar (Branta bernicla nigricans que utiliza México (31 000 aves en promedio. Nosotros realizamos censos de punto mensuales (noviembre 2006 a abril 2007 en tres sitios para determinar: (1 los efectos de la época del año y del sitio en la estructura poblacional (grupos de edad y (2 la relación del nivel de marea con la abundan- cia y la proporción de aves alimentándose. La proporción general de adultos fue de 0.68. Esta proporción fue mayor en invierno que en primavera. Por sitio en LGN y ESSA disminuyó y en LOL se mantuvo constante. El incremento de aves inmaduras entre el invierno y la primavera se relaciona con su partida primaveral tardía. La alimentación del Ganso de collar en LOL (el sitio de mayor abundancia fue independiente del nivel de marea, lo que se puede relacionar con dos conductas: (1 que las aves se muevan a lo largo de la laguna, para aprovechar el desfase, de hasta cuatro horas en el nivel de marea o (2 que modifiquen sus estrategias de alimentación, para consumir el pasto flotante.The Black Brant is a common inhabitant of the Western Artic American tundra, which migrates to Southern Pacific coasts during the winter season. Approximately, 31 000 birds (31% constitute the Mexican population of Brants at Guerrero Negro, Ojo de Liebre, and Exportadora de Sal lagoon complex; nevertheless, there is little information about the distribution patterns and zone usage. At Guerrero Negro Lagoon (GNL, Ojo de Liebre Lagoon (OLL, both natural sites, and at Exportadora de Sal (ESSA, artificial site we determined by monthly censuses (from November 2006 to April 2007, 08:00-16:00h and observed: (1 season and site effects on population structure (age groups, and (2 the tide level relationship with the abundance and proportion of feeding birds. Within a total of 150 observation hours and 98 birds, our results showed a

  1. Isolation, characterization, and antibiotic resistance of Vibrio spp. in sea turtles from Northwestern Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavala-Norzagaray, Alan A.; Aguirre, A. Alonso; Velazquez-Roman, Jorge; Flores-Villaseñor, Héctor; León-Sicairos, Nidia; Ley-Quiñonez, C. P.; Hernández-Díaz, Lucio De Jesús; Canizalez-Roman, Adrian

    2015-01-01

    The aerobic oral and cloacal bacterial microbiota and their antimicrobial resistance were characterized for 64 apparently healthy sea turtles captured at their foraging grounds in Ojo de Liebre Lagoon (OLL), Baja California Sur (BCS), Mexico (Pacific Ocean) and the lagoon system of Navachiste (LSN) and Marine Area of Influence (MAI), Guasave, Sinaloa (Gulf of California). A total of 34 black turtles (Chelonia mydas agassizii) were sampled in OLL and eight black turtles and 22 olive ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) were sampled in LSN and MAI, respectively from January to December 2012. We isolated 13 different species of Gram-negative bacteria. The most frequently isolated bacteria were Vibrio alginolyticus in 39/64 (60%), V. parahaemolyticus in 17/64 (26%), and V. cholerae in 6/64 (9%). However, V. cholerae was isolated only from turtles captured from the Gulf of California (MAI). Among V. parahaemolyticus strains, six O serogroups and eight serovars were identified from which 5/17 (29.4%) belonged to the pathogenic strains (tdh+ gene) and 2/17 (11.7%) had the pandemic clone (tdh+ and toxRS/new+). Among V. cholerae strains, all were identified as non-O1/non-O139, and in 4/6 (66%) the accessory cholera enterotoxin gene (ace) was identified but without virulence gene zot, ctxA, and ctxB. Of the isolated V. parahaemolyticus, V. cholerae, and V. alginolyticus strains, 94.1, 33.4, and 100% demonstrated resistance to at least one commonly prescribed antibiotic (primarily to ampicillin), respectively. In conclusion, the presence of several potential (toxigenic) human pathogens in sea turtles may represent transmission of environmental microbes and a high-risk of food-borne disease. Therefore, based on the fact that it is illegal and unhealthy, we discourage the consumption of sea turtle meat or eggs in northwestern Mexico. PMID:26161078

  2. Isolation, Characterization, and Antibiotic Resistance of Vibrio spp. in Sea Turtles from Northwestern Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan A. eZavala-Norzagaray

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aerobic oral and cloacal bacterial microbiota and their antimicrobial resistance were characterized for 64 apparently healthy sea turtles captured at their foraging grounds in Ojo de Liebre Lagoon (OLL, Baja California Sur, Mexico (Pacific Ocean and the lagoon system of Navachiste (LSN and Marine Area of Influence (MAI, Guasave, Sinaloa (Gulf of California. A total of 34 black turtles (Chelonia mydas agassizii were sampled in OLL and eight black turtles and 22 olive ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea were sampled in LSN and MAI, respectively from January to December 2012. We isolated 13 different species of Gram-negative bacteria. The most frequently isolated bacteria were Vibrio alginolyticus in 39/64 (60%, V. parahaemolyticus in 17/64 (26% and V. cholerae in 6/64 (9%,. However, V. cholerae was isolated only from turtles captured from the Gulf of California (MAI. Among V. parahaemolyticus strains, six O serogroups and eight serovars were identified from which 5/17 (29.4% belonged to the pathogenic strains (tdh+ gene and 2/17 (11.7% had the pandemic clone (tdh+ and toxRS/new+. Among V. cholerae strains, all were identified as non-O1/non-O139, and in 4/6 (66% the accessory cholera enterotoxin gene (ace was identified but without virulence gene zot, ctxA and ctxB. Of the isolated V. parahaemolyticus, V. cholerae and V. alginolyticus strains, 94.1%, 33.4% and 100% demonstrated resistance to at least one commonly prescribed antibiotic (primarily to ampicillin, respectively. In conclusion, the presence of several potential (toxigenic human pathogens in sea turtles may represent transmission of environmental microbes and a high-risk of food-borne disease. Therefore, based on the fact that it is illegal and unhealthy, we discourage the consumption of sea turtle meat or eggs in northwestern Mexico.

  3. Isolation, characterization, and antibiotic resistance of Vibrio spp. in sea turtles from Northwestern Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavala-Norzagaray, Alan A; Aguirre, A Alonso; Velazquez-Roman, Jorge; Flores-Villaseñor, Héctor; León-Sicairos, Nidia; Ley-Quiñonez, C P; Hernández-Díaz, Lucio De Jesús; Canizalez-Roman, Adrian

    2015-01-01

    The aerobic oral and cloacal bacterial microbiota and their antimicrobial resistance were characterized for 64 apparently healthy sea turtles captured at their foraging grounds in Ojo de Liebre Lagoon (OLL), Baja California Sur (BCS), Mexico (Pacific Ocean) and the lagoon system of Navachiste (LSN) and Marine Area of Influence (MAI), Guasave, Sinaloa (Gulf of California). A total of 34 black turtles (Chelonia mydas agassizii) were sampled in OLL and eight black turtles and 22 olive ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) were sampled in LSN and MAI, respectively from January to December 2012. We isolated 13 different species of Gram-negative bacteria. The most frequently isolated bacteria were Vibrio alginolyticus in 39/64 (60%), V. parahaemolyticus in 17/64 (26%), and V. cholerae in 6/64 (9%). However, V. cholerae was isolated only from turtles captured from the Gulf of California (MAI). Among V. parahaemolyticus strains, six O serogroups and eight serovars were identified from which 5/17 (29.4%) belonged to the pathogenic strains (tdh (+) gene) and 2/17 (11.7%) had the pandemic clone (tdh (+) and toxRS/new (+)). Among V. cholerae strains, all were identified as non-O1/non-O139, and in 4/6 (66%) the accessory cholera enterotoxin gene (ace) was identified but without virulence gene zot, ctxA, and ctxB. Of the isolated V. parahaemolyticus, V. cholerae, and V. alginolyticus strains, 94.1, 33.4, and 100% demonstrated resistance to at least one commonly prescribed antibiotic (primarily to ampicillin), respectively. In conclusion, the presence of several potential (toxigenic) human pathogens in sea turtles may represent transmission of environmental microbes and a high-risk of food-borne disease. Therefore, based on the fact that it is illegal and unhealthy, we discourage the consumption of sea turtle meat or eggs in northwestern Mexico.

  4. Fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition of the subcutaneous fat from iberian pigs fattened on the traditional feed: “Montanera”. effect of anatomical location and length of feeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narváez-Rivas, Mónica

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Fatty acid and triacylglycerol compositions of 200 samples of subcutaneous fat from two different anatomical locations (rump and adipose tissue covering the Biceps femoris muscle of Iberian purebred pigs reared on “Montanera” were determined. Significant differences were found for the majority fatty acids and for some triacylglycerol species (PPS, PLPo + MLO, PLO, PLL + PoLO, SOS, SOL, OLL among the two anatomical locations, being the rump location less saturated. The activity level of the key enzyme involved in lipogenesis differed (p Biceps femoris, increases faster than that of the subcutaneous fat covering a muscle with low oxidative metabolism, as Longissimus dorsi.Se ha determinado la composición de ácidos grasos y de triglicéridos en 200 muestras de grasa subcutánea procedentes de dos localizaciones anatómicas (rabadilla y tejido adiposo que recubre el músculo Biceps femoris de cerdos ibéricos puros alimentados en “Montanera”. Se encontraron diferencias significativas para la mayoría de ácidos grasos y para algunos triglicéridos PPS, PLPo + MLO, PLO, PLL + PoLO, SOS, SOL, OLL entre las dos localizaciones anatómicas, siendo la rabadilla la menos saturada. El nivel de actividad de la enzima involucrada en la lipogénesis defirió significativamente (p B. femoris, aumenta más rápidamente que la de la grasa subcutánea que recubre un músculo con bajo metabolismo oxidativo, como el Longissimus dorsi.

  5. Safeguarding saproxylic fungal biodiversity in Apennine beech forest priority habitats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggi, Oriana; Lunghini, Dario; Pecoraro, Lorenzo; Sabatini, Francesco Maria; Persiani, Anna Maria

    2015-04-01

    The FAGUS LIFE Project (LIFE11/NAT/IT/135) targets two European priority habitats, i.e. Habitat 9210* Apennine beech forests with Taxus and Ilex, and Habitat 9220* Apennine beech forests with Abies alba, within two National Parks: Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Alburni; Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga. The current limited distribution of the target habitats is also due to the impact of human activities on forest systems, such as harvesting and grazing. The FAGUS project aims at developing and testing management strategies able to integrate the conservation of priority forest habitats (9210* and 9220*) and the sustainable use of forest resources. In order to assess the responses to different management treatments the BACI monitoring design (Before-After, Control-Intervention) has been applied on forest structure and diversity of focus taxa before and after experimental harvesting treatments. Conventional management of Apennine beech forests impacts a wealth of taxonomic groups, such as saproxylic beetles and fungi, which are threatened throughout Europe by the lack of deadwood and of senescing trees, and by the homogeneous structure of managed forests. Deadwood has been denoted as the most important manageable habitat for biodiversity in forests not only for supporting a wide diversity of organisms, but also for playing a prominent role in several ecological processes, creating the basis for the cycling of photosynthetic energy, carbon, and nutrients stored in woody material. Especially fungi can be regarded as key group for understanding and managing biodiversity associated with decaying wood. The before-intervention field sampling was carried out in Autumn 2013 in 33 monitoring plots across the two national Parks. The occurrence at plot level of both Ascomycota and Basidiomycota sporocarps was surveyed. All standing and downed deadwood with a minimum diameter of 10 cm was sampled for sporocarps larger than 1 mm, and information on decay class and fungal morphogroups

  6. Odessa Tsunami of 27 June 2014: Observations and Numerical Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šepić, Jadranka; Rabinovich, Alexander B.; Sytov, Victor N.

    2018-04-01

    On 27 June, a 1-2-m high wave struck the beaches of Odessa, the third largest Ukrainian city, and the neighbouring port-town Illichevsk (northwestern Black Sea). Throughout the day, prominent seiche oscillations were observed in several other ports of the Black Sea. Tsunamigenic synoptic conditions were found over the Black Sea, stretching from Romania in the west to the Crimean Peninsula in the east. Intense air pressure disturbances and convective thunderstorm clouds were associated with these conditions; right at the time of the event, a 1.5-hPa air pressure jump was recorded at Odessa and a few hours earlier in Romania. We have utilized a barotropic ocean numerical model to test two hypotheses: (1) a tsunami-like wave was generated by an air pressure disturbance propagating directly over Odessa ("Experiment 1"); (2) a tsunami-like wave was generated by an air pressure disturbance propagating offshore, approximately 200 km to the south of Odessa, and along the shelf break ("Experiment 2"). Both experiments decisively confirm the meteorological origin of the tsunami-like waves on the coast of Odessa and imply that intensified long ocean waves in this region were generated via the Proudman resonance mechanism while propagating over the northwestern Black Sea shelf. The "Odessa tsunami" of 27 June 2014 was identified as a "beach meteotsunami", similar to events regularly observed on the beaches of Florida, USA, but different from the "harbour meteotsunamis", which occurred 1-3 days earlier in Ciutadella (Baleares, Spain), Mazara del Vallo (Sicily, Italy) and Vela Luka (Croatia) in the Mediterranean Sea, despite that they were associated with the same atmospheric system moving over the Mediterranean/Black Sea region on 23-27 June 2014.

  7. Flood susceptibility assessment in a highly urbanized alluvial fan: the case study of Sala Consilina (southern Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Santangelo

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the risk assessment to alluvial fan flooding at the piedmont zone of carbonate massifs of the southern Apennines chain (southern Italy. These areas are prime spots for urban development and are generally considered to be safer than the valley floors. As a result, villages and towns have been built on alluvial fans which, during intense storms, may be affected by flooding and/or debris flow processes.

    The study area is located at the foothills of the Maddalena mountains, an elongated NW-SE trending ridge which bounds to the east the wide intermontane basin of Vallo di Diano. The area comprises a wide detrital talus (bajada made up by coalescent alluvial fans, ranging in age from the Middle Pleistocene to the Holocene. Historical analysis was carried out to ascertain the state of activity of the fans and to identify and map the zones most hit by past flooding. According to the information gathered, the Sala Consilina fans would appear prone to debris flows; in the past these processes have produced extensive damage and loss of life in the urban area. The watershed basins feeding the fans have very low response times and may produce debris flow events with high magnitudes. Taking into account the historical damage, the fan surface morphology, and the present urban development (street orientation and hydraulic network, the piedmont area was zoned and various susceptibility classes were detected. These results may represent a useful tool for studies aiming at territorial hazard mapping and civil protection interventions.

  8. Western Sicily (Italy), a key area for understanding geothermal system within carbonate reservoirs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montanari, D.; Bertini, G.; Botteghi, S.; Catalano, R.; Contino, A.; Doveri, M.; Gennaro, C.; Gianelli, G.; Gola, G.; Manzella, A.; Minissale, A.; Montegrossi, G.; Monteleone, S.; Trumpy, E.

    2012-12-01

    Oil exploration in western Sicily started in the late 1950s when several exploration wells were drilled, and continued with the acquisition of many seismic reflection profiles and the drilling of new wells in the1980s. The geological interpretation of these data mainly provided new insights for the definition of geometric relationships between tectonic units and structural reconstruction at depth. Although it has not produced completely satisfactory results for oil industry, this hydrocarbon exploration provided a great amount of data, resulting very suitable for geothermal resource assessment. From a geothermal point of view western Sicily is, indeed, a very promising area, with the manifestation at surface of several thermal springs, localized areas of high heat flux and thick carbonates units uninterruptedly developing from surface up top great depths. These available data were often collected with the modalities and purposes typical of oil exploration, not always the finest for geothermal exploration as in the case of temperature measurements. The multidisciplinary and integrated review of these data, specifically corrected for geothermal purposes, and the integration with new data acquired in particular key areas such as the Mazara Del Vallo site in the southern part of western Sicily, allowed us to better understand this medium-enthalpy geothermal system, to reconstruct the modalities and peculiarities of fluids circulation, and to evaluate the geothermal potentialities of western Sicily. We suggest that western Sicily can be taken as a reference for the understanding of geothermal systems developed at a regional scale within carbonate rocks. This study was performed within the framework of the VIGOR project (http://www.vigor-geotermia.it).

  9. Oxygen transport enhancement by functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (FMP) in bioprocesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ataide, Filipe Andre Prata

    The enhancement of fluid properties, namely thermal conductivity and mass diffusivity for a wide range of applications, through the use of nanosized particles' suspensions has been gathering increasing interest in the scientific community. In previous studies, Olle et al. (2006) showed an enhancement in oxygen absorption to aqueous solutions of up to 6-fold through the use of functionalized nanosized magnetic particles with oleic acid coating. Krishnamurthy et al. (2006) showed a remarkable 26-fold enhancement in dye diffusion in water. These two publications are landmarks in mass transfer enhancement in chemical systems through the use of nanoparticles. The central goal of this Ph.D. thesis was to develop functionalized magnetic nanoparticles to enhance oxygen transport in bioprocesses. The experimental protocol for magnetic nanoparticles synthesis and purification adopted in this thesis is a modification of that reported by Olle et al. (2006). This is facilitated by employing twice the quantity of ammonia, added at a slower rate, and by filtering the final nanoparticle solution in a cross-flow filtration modulus against 55 volumes of distilled water. This modification in the protocol resulted in improved magnetic nanoparticles with measurably higher mass transfer enhancement. Magnetic nanoparticles with oleic acid and Hitenol-BC coating were screened for oxygen transfer enhancement, since these particles are relatively inexpensive and easy to synthesize. A glass 0.5-liter reactor was custom manufactured specifically for oxygen transport studies in magnetic nanoparticles suspensions. The reactor geometry, baffles and Rushton impeller are of standard dimensions. Mass transfer tests were conducted through the use of the sulphite oxidation method, applying iodometric back-titration. A 3-factor central composite circumscribed design (CCD) was adopted for design of experiments in order to generate sufficiently informative data to model the effect of magnetic

  10. Chemical characterization and thermal properties of kernel oils from Tunisian peach and nectarine varieties of Prunus persica; Caracterización química y propiedades térmicas de los aceites de semillas de variedades tunecinas de melocotón y nectarina de Prunus pérsica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chamli, D.; Bootello, M.A.; Bouali, I.; Jouhri, S.; Boukhchina, S.; Martínez-Force, S.

    2017-07-01

    A comparative study was conducted to determine the fatty acids, triacylglycerol compositions and thermal properties of Tunisian kernel oils from the Prunus persica varieties, peach and nectarine, grown in two areas of Tunisia, Gabes and Morneg. Qualitatively, the fatty acids composition and triacylglycerol species were identical for all samples. Oleic acid (67.7-75.0%) was the main fatty acid, followed by linoleic (15.7-22.1%) and palmitic (5.6-6.3%) acids. The major triacylglycerol species were triolein, OOO (38.4-50.5%), followed by OOL (18.2-23.2%), POO (8.3-9.7%) and OLL (6.3-10.1%). The thermal profiles were highly influenced by the high content of triolein due to the importance of oleic acid in these oils. Moreover, the fatty acids distribution in TAG external positions was determined as corresponding to an α asymmetry coefficient that was between 0.10 and 0.12, indicating a high asymmetry in the distribution of saturated fatty acids in the position sn-1 and sn-3 in the TAG species of all samples. [Spanish] Se ha realizado un estudio comparativo de aceites tunecinos obtenidos a partir de las semillas de variedades de Prunus persica, melocotón y nectarina, cultivadas en dos zonas de Túnez, Gabes y Morneg. Cualitativamente, la composición de ácidos grasos y de especies de triglicéridos fueron idénticas para todas las muestras. El ácido oleico (67,7-75,0%) fue el ácido graso principal, seguido del linoleico (15,7-22,1%) y el palmítico (5,6-6,3%). Las especies principales de triacilglicéridos fueron la trioleina, OOO (38,4-50,5%), seguida de OOL (18,2-23,2%), POO (8,3-9,7%) y OLL (6,3-10,1%). Los perfiles térmicos fueron muy influidos por el alto contenido de trioleina debido a la importancia del ácido oleico en estos aceites. Por otra parte, se determinó la distribución de ácidos grasos en las posiciones externas de los TAG correspondiendo a un coeficiente de asimetría α entre 0,10 y 0,12, lo que indica una alta asimetría en la distribuci

  11. Physicochemical Properties of Malaysian Jatropha curcas Seed Oil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jumat Salimon; Rozaini Abdullah

    2008-01-01

    Jatropha curcas oil was extracted using n-hexane as solvent in the Soxhlet extraction method. The physicochemical properties of Malaysian Jatropha curcas oil were evaluated. The result showed that the Jatropha seeds consist of 60% (dry w/ w) crude oil. The physicochemical properties showed that the seed oil contained low moisture level of 0.02±0.01%, acid value (1.50±0.07%), iodine value (91.70±1.44 mg/ g), peroxide value (0.66±0.04 miliequivalence/ kg) and saponification value of 208.5±0.47 mg/ g respectively. Gas chromatography analysis showed that oleic acid (46.00±0.19%) appears as dominant fatty acid in seed oil followed by linoleic acid (31.96±0.19%) and palmitic acid (13.89±0.06%). High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) results showed that the dominant triacylglycerols present were PLL (22.00%), POP(16.48%), 000(16.48%), 00L(16.23%) and OLL(13.00%). (author)

  12. AFOSR (Air Force Office of Scientific Research) Technical Report Summaries, October-December 1986

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    Li LC~~~ C’:i OLL-r C, t’---~~ 7L L >, C~’-C (A f6 -c a. - Lr z - j- > L < C.L C, --- -- Cil m- i Ci c C cc <~ C2- C: CfL’Clf S CLUL 0-’C L al~ C0...n 3C LC - - U -L Cl - rn. xLI -0 - i a CCU W > U .0 -Mu V) C~ c v.(D 0) L) U L m cl c c c > 0 m,) MC0) z JLN < 0 rn C) aCCa - zi C-- -( ECIC , :zz...8217)O Ln .1. tE C- L C, 0 - m m7 r, 7C D 01 n L )cC t- 62 0) L) L L it L)C L C L.-) a)mC - r e 7C -. f6 L- a, -2 Ci -CI D- > w Ul WU mit C > Cin - .~ 0

  13. Measurement of the branching fractions and forward-backward asymmetries of the Z0 into light quarks

    CERN Document Server

    Grandi, Claudio

    1997-01-01

    Using approximately 4.3 million hadronic Z0 decays collected with the OPAL detector at LEP between 1990 and 1995, we measure the branching fractions of the zo into up-type and down-type light quarks, Rq, and the forward-backward asymmetries, AFB (q) . High-momentum stable particles are used to tag parton flavours and double tagged events are used to determine the flavour tagging efficiencies. Assuming flavour independence of strong interactions and SU (2) isospin symmetry, we measure: Rd,s/(Rd + Ru+ R,) = 0.371 ± 0.016(stat.) ± 0.016 (syst.) and AE-e(d, s) = 0.068 ± 0.035(stat.)± O.Oll(syst.), when the branching fractions and forward-backward asymmetries of down and strange quarks are set to be equal. The results are essentially free of assumptions based on hadronisation models. These results are in agreement with the Standard Model expectations and are used to infer the left and right handed couplings of strange/down quarks to the Zo , yielding gf" = -0.44�g b� and g�' = +0.13�g ;�.

  14. Identification and Prediction of Latent Classes of Hikers Based on Specialization and Place Attachment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hwasung Song

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to extend previous research by combining the specialization and place attachment concepts. Applying a latent profile analysis (LPA to data from hikers on the Olle Trail of Jeju Island in South Korea (N = 428, we classified hikers who share similar profiles based on multiple dimensions of specialization and place attachment, and examined correlates of the derived typologies for drawing managerial implications. We also explored associations between these typologies and outcome variables of hikers. LPA identified three subgroups: “novice” (38%, “affection-driven” (40%, and “expert” (22%. The findings indicated that these groups differed in their past experience and socio-demographic characteristics, such that the “affection-driven” and “expert” groups have more experience in the setting than the “novice” group. These typologies also showed significant associations with hikers’ satisfaction and revisit intention; thus, “novice” hikers tended to be less satisfied with their hiking and the setting. Furthermore, the “novice” group reported lower intention to revisit the setting. Our findings reveal that LPA can be a useful tool for identifying subgroups of individuals who have engaged in particular sets of strategies by incorporating multiple activity-place dimensions.

  15. Ching Chuan Kang AB, Kung Kuan, Formosa. Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO). Parts A-F.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-04-11

    jt: PERCENTAGE FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE Iso - 1 4Qo (FROM HOURLY OBSERVATIONS) VISIBILITY (STATUTE MILES) CEIUNG ,FEET, [ 0 >_6 :>5 -4 _3 2 -2 I I >_I...73,1 76,7 79,2 8o?0, 81,4 81,7 82,1 8628 82,8 82,8 2,a 82.8 82.8 >- 1500 52@ 7i),3 7,6 79, 8 s7 83,s 83,9 64,2 84.6 8a5,3 8j,1 8583 85:3 8503 85,3 1 200...19,0 46,0 7Z 252 06.06 7v9 00 7.9 ).,Z 1 4,8 3.2 17,9 42,5 7,2 252 Ol-L1 70 11,5 7.5 o.3 .#0 7,.1 7,5 23,0 25.0 6,4 252 12-14 4- iso , 9o,1 ,3 0,3 4.0

  16. Study Circles in Online Learning Environment in the Spirit of Learning-Centered Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simándi Szilvia

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In the era of information society and knowledge economy, learning in non-formal environments gets a highlighted role: it can supplement, replace or raise the knowledge and skills gained in the school system to a higher level (Forray & Juhász, 2008, as the so-called “valid” knowledge significantly changes due to the acceleration of development. With the appearance of information technology means and their booming development, the possibilities of gaining information have widened and, according to the forecasts, the role of learning communities will grow. Purpose: Our starting point is that today, with the involvement of community sites (e.g. Google+, Facebook etc. there is a new possibility for inspiring learning communities: by utilizing the power of community and the possibilities of network-based learning (Ollé & Lévai, 2013. Methods: We intend to make a synthesis based on former research and literature focusing on the learning-centered approach, online learning environment, learning communities and study circles (Noesgaard & Ørngreen, 2015; Biggs & Tang, 2007; Kindström, 2010 Conclusions: The online learning environment can be well utilized for community learning. In the online learning environment, the process of learning is built on activity-oriented work for which active participation, and an intensive, initiative communication are necessary and cooperative and collaborative learning get an important role.

  17. Abnormal auditory forward masking pattern in the brainstem response of individuals with Asperger syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Källstrand

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Johan Källstrand1, Olle Olsson2, Sara Fristedt Nehlstedt1, Mia Ling Sköld1, Sören Nielzén21SensoDetect AB, Lund, Sweden; 2Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry, Lund University, Lund, SwedenAbstract: Abnormal auditory information processing has been reported in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD. In the present study auditory processing was investigated by recording auditory brainstem responses (ABRs elicited by forward masking in adults diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS. Sixteen AS subjects were included in the forward masking experiment and compared to three control groups consisting of healthy individuals (n = 16, schizophrenic patients (n = 16 and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder patients (n = 16, respectively, of matching age and gender. The results showed that the AS subjects exhibited abnormally low activity in the early part of their ABRs that distinctly separated them from the three control groups. Specifically, wave III amplitudes were significantly lower in the AS group than for all the control groups in the forward masking condition (P < 0.005, which was not the case in the baseline condition. Thus, electrophysiological measurements of ABRs to complex sound stimuli (eg, forward masking may lead to a better understanding of the underlying neurophysiology of AS. Future studies may further point to specific ABR characteristics in AS individuals that separate them from individuals diagnosed with other neurodevelopmental diseases.Keywords: asperger syndrome, auditory brainstem response, forward masking, psychoacoustics

  18. Lastekirjandus 2008 kurja kriitiku pilgu läbi / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aasta eesti lastekirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Piret Raud "Printsess Luluu", Aino Pervik "Presidendilood", Kristiina Kass "Petra lood", Kätlin Vainola "Mia, Konrad ja avanevad uksed", Kerttu Soans "Külaline vannis", Wimberg "Härra Padakonn", Leelo Tungal "Seltsimees laps", Kadri Hinrikus "Miia ja Friida", Ivar Soopan "Kõik poisid ei saa suureks", Siiri Laidla "Raamatukogunõid Rosaalie", Siiri Laidla "Armas hunt", Reeli Reinaus "Saladuslik päevik", Tiia Selli "Neletriin ja Kapi-Kaarup", Markus Saksatamm "Võlur Sinku-Vinku ja nõiatrall", Evelin Samuel "Ükskord, kui sadas vihma", Mikä Keränen "Varastatud oranž jalgratas", Ivo Parbus "Draakon Rudolf", Urmas Nemvalts "Väikeste meeste lennumasinajutud", Lehte Hainsalu "Väike valge", Jaan Tangsoo "Mina ja minu pere", Aidi Vallik "Pints ja Tutsik", Heiki Vilep "Horlok ja Ürgvärava võti", Evelin Samuel "Hiigelsoojad pilvelambad", Sulev Oll "Hea tuju kuju", Paul-Eerik Rummo "Kui lähed teele koidu eel", Heljo Mänd "Suve suurmüük", Heljo Mänd "Sügise süda", Heljo Mänd "Kevade reklaam", Heljo Mänd "Talve Top", Ülo Pikkov. Presidendi torukübar

  19. Changes in Acylglycerols composition, quality characteristics and in vivo effects of dietary pumpkin seed oil upon thermal oxidation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeb, Alam; Ahmad, Sultan

    2017-07-01

    This study was aimed to determine the acylglycerols composition, quality characteristics and protective role of dietary pumpkin seed oil in rabbits. Pumpkin seed oil was thermally oxidized and analyzed for quality characteristics and acylglycerols composition using reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). Oxidized and un-oxidized oil samples were fed to the rabbits in different doses for two weeks. The changes in the serum biochemistry, hematology, and liver histology were studied. The levels of quality parameters such peroxide value (PV), anisidine value (AV), total phenolic contents (TPC), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), conjugated dienes (CD) and conjugated trienes (CT) significantly increased with thermal treatment. HPLC analyses revealed ten individual triacylglycerols (TAGs), total di-acylglycerols (DAGs), mono-acylglycerols (MAGs), and total oxidized TAGs. Trilinolein (LLL), 1-oleoyl-2,3-dilinolinoyl glycerol (OLL), triolein (OOO) and 1,2-distearoyl-3-palmitoyl glycerol (SSP) were present in higher amounts and decreased with thermal treatment. Animal's studies showed that oxidized oils decreased the whole body weight, which was ameliorated by the co-administration of un-oxidized oils. The levels of serum biochemical parameters were improved by co-administration of pumpkin seed oils. There were no significant effects of both oxidized and un-oxidized pumpkin seed oil on the hematological and histological parameters of rabbits. In conclusion, nutritionally important triacylglycerols were present in pumpkin seed oil with protective role against the toxicity of its corresponding oxidized oils.

  20. Chemical characterization and thermal properties of kernel oils from Tunisian peach and nectarine varieties of Prunus persica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chamli, D.; Bootello, M.A.; Bouali, I.; Jouhri, S.; Boukhchina, S.; Martínez-Force, S.

    2017-01-01

    A comparative study was conducted to determine the fatty acids, triacylglycerol compositions and thermal properties of Tunisian kernel oils from the Prunus persica varieties, peach and nectarine, grown in two areas of Tunisia, Gabes and Morneg. Qualitatively, the fatty acids composition and triacylglycerol species were identical for all samples. Oleic acid (67.7-75.0%) was the main fatty acid, followed by linoleic (15.7-22.1%) and palmitic (5.6-6.3%) acids. The major triacylglycerol species were triolein, OOO (38.4-50.5%), followed by OOL (18.2-23.2%), POO (8.3-9.7%) and OLL (6.3-10.1%). The thermal profiles were highly influenced by the high content of triolein due to the importance of oleic acid in these oils. Moreover, the fatty acids distribution in TAG external positions was determined as corresponding to an α asymmetry coefficient that was between 0.10 and 0.12, indicating a high asymmetry in the distribution of saturated fatty acids in the position sn-1 and sn-3 in the TAG species of all samples. [es

  1. Mu süda on mägedes : [luuletused] / Robert Burns ; tlk. Ralf Parve, Ants Oras, Urmas Tõnisson, Kullo Vende, Mart Mäger, Georg Eduard Luiga, Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, Karl August Hermann, Johannes Vau, Lydia Koidula, Ado Grenzstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burns, Robert, 1759-1796

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Mu süda on mägedes ; Hing mägises Shotis ; Mu isa oli farmer ; Künnipoiss ; Noor neiu vanal mehel ; Vana Rob Morris ; Meg veskilt ; Veski-Meg ; Willie pruulis õlut ; John Odratera ; Hägisele ; Shotlased, nüüd seiske kindlad! ; Invernessi neid ; Kuradi tants aktsiisiametnikuga ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / tlk. Ralf Parve ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / / tlk. Ants Oras ; Nii ja naa ; Hiirele ; Eleegia Peg Nicholsoni surma puhul ; Vaga Willie palve ; Epitaaf vagale Willièle ; Värsid poeet Fergussoni portree alla ; Lõikuskuu laul ; On kaldal kõrkjad reas ; Mu arm on nagu ruske roos ; Mu arm... ; Oo, mu arm on verev, verev roos ; Esimene suudlus lahkudes ; Mõte karmist saatusest ; Oh näeksin tühja nõmme peal ; Kui näeksin ; "Kui üksi olles näeksid, neid..." ; Käies pikas rohus ; Värsiread ; Mind naine tihti taob ; Rõõmus lesk ; Willie Wastleì naine ; Mul on naine ; John Anderson / tlk. Urmas Tõnisson ; Jaan Anderson / tlk. Karl August Hermann ; Sügiselaul ; Kündja ja lill ; Kodu ; Ometi ; Kõige kiuste ; Kui õis, mis õitseb heinamaal ; Põlev armastus ; Hans ja Krõõt : [luuletused]. Epigramme: Raamatukoi ; Impromptu ; Puudus. Ammustele aegadele : [luuletus]. Autori kohta eluloolisi andmeid lk. 179

  2. Construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP

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    Söderhamn O

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Olle Söderhamn1,2, John Olav Bjørnestad1, Anne Skisland1, Christina Cliffordson21Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad and Kristiansand, Norway; 2Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, Trollhättan, SwedenAbstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP using structural equation modeling. The instrument is a 12-item self-report instrument, developed in the Scandinavian cultural context and based on Kohlberg’s theory. A hypothesized simplex structure model underlying the MDSP was tested through structural equation modeling. Validity was also tested as the proportion of respondents older than 20 years that reached the highest moral level, which according to the theory should be small. A convenience sample of 339 nursing students with a mean age of 25.3 years participated. Results confirmed the simplex model structure, indicating that MDSP reflects a moral construct empirically organized from low to high. A minority of respondents >20 years of age (13.5% scored more than 80% on the highest moral level. The findings support the construct validity of the MDSP and the stages and levels in Kohlberg’s theory.Keywords: Kohlberg, scale testing, simplex structure model, structural equation modeling

  3. Non-polar lipids characterization of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) seed by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with flame ionization/mass spectrometry detection and non-aqueous reversed-phase liquid chromatography with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fanali, Chiara; Beccaria, Marco; Salivo, Simona; Tranchida, Peter; Tripodo, Giusy; Farnetti, Sara; Dugo, Laura; Dugo, Paola; Mondello, Luigi

    2015-07-08

    A chemical characterization of major lipid components, namely, triacylglycerols, fatty acids and the unsaponifiable fraction, in a Quinoa seed lipids sample is reported. To tackle such a task, non-aqueous reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry detection was employed. The latter was interfaced with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization for the analysis of triacylglycerols. The main triacylglycerols (>10%) were represented by OLP, OOL and OLL (P = palmitoyl, O = oleoyl, L = linoleoyl); the latter was present in the oil sample at the highest percentage (18.1%). Furthermore, fatty acid methyl esters were evaluated by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection. 89% of the total fatty acids was represented by unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters with the greatest percentage represented by linoleic and oleic acids accounting for approximately 48 and 28%, respectively. An extensive characterization of the unsaponifiable fraction of Quinoa seed lipids was performed for the first time, by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with dual mass spectrometry/flame ionization detection. Overall, 66 compounds of the unsaponifiable fraction were tentatively identified, many constituents of which (particularly sterols) were confirmed by using gas chromatography with high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. Chemical characterization and thermal properties of kernel oils from Tunisian peach and nectarine varieties of Prunus persica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Chamli

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available A comparative study was conducted to determine the fatty acids, triacylglycerol compositions and thermal properties of Tunisian kernel oils from the Prunus persica varieties, peach and nectarine, grown in two areas of Tunisia, Gabes and Morneg. Qualitatively, the fatty acids composition and triacylglycerol species were identical for all samples. Oleic acid (67.7-75.0% was the main fatty acid, followed by linoleic (15.7-22.1% and palmitic (5.6-6.3% acids. The major triacylglycerol species were triolein, OOO (38.4-50.5%, followed by OOL (18.2-23.2%, POO (8.3-9.7% and OLL (6.3-10.1%. The thermal profiles were highly influenced by the high content of triolein due to the importance of oleic acid in these oils. Moreover, the fatty acids distribution in TAG external positions was determined as corresponding to an α asymmetry coefficient that was between 0.10 and 0.12, indicating a high asymmetry in the distribution of saturated fatty acids in the position sn-1 and sn-3 in the TAG species of all samples.

  5. Changes in Acylglycerols Composition, Quality Characteristics and In vivo Effects of Dietary Pumpkin Seed Oil upon Thermal Oxidation

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    Alam Zeb

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the acylglycerols composition, quality characteristics, and protective role of dietary pumpkin seed oil (PSO in rabbits. PSO was thermally oxidized and analyzed for quality characteristics and acylglycerols composition using reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD. Oxidized and un-oxidized oil samples were fed to the rabbits in different doses for 2 weeks. The changes in the serum biochemistry, hematology, and liver histology were studied. The levels of quality parameters such peroxide value (PV, anisidine value (AV, total phenolic contents (TPC, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS, conjugated dienes (CD and conjugated trienes (CT significantly increased with thermal treatment. HPLC analyses revealed 10 individual triacylglycerols (TAGs, total di-acylglycerols (DAGs, mono-acylglycerols (MAGs, and total oxidized TAGs. Trilinolein (LLL, 1-oleoyl-2,3-dilinolinoyl glycerol (OLL, triolein (OOO and 1,2-distearoyl-3-palmitoyl glycerol (SSP were present in higher amounts and decreased with thermal treatment. Animal's studies showed that oxidized oils decreased the whole body weight, which was ameliorated by the co-administration of un-oxidized oils. The levels of serum biochemical parameters were improved by co-administration of pumpkin seed oils. There were no significant effects of both oxidized and un-oxidized PSO on the hematological and histological parameters of rabbits. In conclusion, nutritionally important triacylglycerols were present in PSO with protective role against the toxicity of its corresponding oxidized oils.

  6. Characterization of seed oils from fresh Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) and wine processing waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ku, C S; Mun, S P

    2008-05-01

    The physicochemical characteristics, fatty acid (FA) profile, and triacylglyceride (TAG) composition of seed oils from fresh Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) fruits and traditional Bokbunja wine processing waste were determined in this study. Oil contents of the fresh seeds and the seeds from wine processing waste were similar, accounting for about 18% of dry weight. The free fatty acid (FFA) content between the two seed oils was significantly different (0.50% for fresh seed oil and 73.14% for wine seed oil). Iodine, conjugated diene, saponification values, and unsaponifiable matter were very similar in the oil samples, but the specific extinction coefficients at 232 and 270 nm of wine seed oil were higher than those of fresh seed oil. Linoleic (C18:2, 50.45-53.18%, L) and linolenic (C18:3, 29.36-33.25%, Ln) acids were the dominant FAs in the two seed oils, whereas oleic (C18:1, 7.32-8.04%, O), palmitic (C16:0, 1.55-1.65%, P), and stearic (C18:0, 0.65-0.68%, S) acids were the minor FAs. LLL, OLL, LLLn, OOL, LLnLn, and OOO were the abundant TAGs, representing >90% of the oils.

  7. Self-care and anticipated transition into retirement and later life in a Nordic welfare context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Söderhamn O

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Olle Söderhamn1–3, Anne Skisland1,2, Margaretha Herrman31Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad and Kristiansand, Norway; 2Centre for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Grimstad, Norway; 3Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, Trollhättan, SwedenAbstract: Few studies have appeared in the health care literature on the meaning of transition into retirement and later life. However, this predictable-involuntary transition may influence personal health and well-being, and studying it from a self-care perspective could be useful. The aim of this study was to illuminate aspects of self-care in a group of middle-aged individuals in relation to their anticipated transition into retirement in the Nordic welfare context. A total of 13 individuals, aged 55 to 65 years, were randomly chosen from the total number of inhabitants in three municipalities in mid-west Sweden. Conversational interviews took place, during which the informants shared important events in their lives that had occurred from early childhood until the present time, together with thoughts about their anticipated future developmental transition into later life. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. After content analyses and interpretation, a comprehensive picture of the phenomenon was revealed. The results showed that there were opportunities, expectations, wishes, concerns, and worries related to the transition into retirement and old age among informants from both rural and urban municipalities. Self-care, in connection with this, depended on motivating and demotivating factors. Autonomy and mature dependence seemed to be positive driving forces for reaching a successful transition into later life. Supporting autonomy should be a way of facilitating the transition into retirement and later life.Keywords: aging, autonomy, motivation, older people, successful aging

  8. Effect of closed drainage system on edema and ecchymosis following rhinoplasty: a randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamran Asadi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to minimize edema and ecchymosis following rhinoplasty through a closed drainage system to address concealed hemorrhage.Methods: This study was designed as a prospective، double blinded, randomized contr-olled study. Fifty one patients who underwent septorhinoplasty were included in this study and divided in two groups. In group A, a closed drainage system was applied in the most dependent posterior septal area following septal harvesting. Concealed bloody secretions were drained out of mouth in a vacutaner tube during three concecutive post operative days. In control group, group B, exactly the same classic rhinoplasty opera-tion by the same surgeon was done as for study group except omitting the closed drainage system. Degree of supra-tip and eyelid edema was evaluated on post operative days through photographic and software image analysis. Edema and ecchymosis rating of eyelids and ecchymosis of paranasal and cheek area done based on photographic analysis by independent plastic surgeons using a defined grading system.Results: Eyelid ecchymosis was reduced significantly on post operative day 14 in the study group (P=0.03. Ecchymosis of paranasal and check was reduced considerably likewise on days 7 and 14 in group A using Mann-Whitney test (P=0.03. There was no significant deference regarding supra tip edema on post operative days. The same hold true for the eyelids edema.Conclusion: Significant decrement observed in eyelids ecchymosis on day 14 and para-nasal and cheek ecchymosis on postoperative days 7 and 14 in study group. There were no positive effects regarding supra tip and eyelid edema reduction using closed drainage system to evacuate concealed haemorrhage in posterior septum space. There could be different etio-pathologies for two common morbidities following rhinoplasty that should be addressed separately.

  9. Yogurt Feeding Induced the Prolongation of Fully Major Histocompatibility Complex-Mismatched Murine Cardiac Graft Survival by Induction of CD4+Foxp3+ Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchiyama, M; Yin, E; Yanagisawa, T; Jin, X; Hara, M; Matsuyama, S; Imazuru, T; Uchida, K; Kawamura, M; Niimi, M

    Yogurt is a nutrient-rich food and the beneficial effects of yogurt on both health and immunomodulatory effects are well documented. In this pilot study, we investigated the effects of commercially produced yogurt R-1 on alloimmune responses in a murine cardiac transplantation model. The R-1 is produced by Meiji Co., Ltd., and contains live and active lactic acid bacteria (lactobacillus bulgaricus OLL1073R-1) mainly. CBA (H2 k ) mice underwent transplantation of a C57BL/6 (H2 b ; B6) heart and received oral administration of 1 mL, 0.1 mL, and 0.01 mL of R-1 from the day of transplantation until 7 days afterward. Additionally, we prepared one group of CBA recipients given 1 mL of R-1 sterilized by microwave for 7 days. Histological and immunohistochemical studies were performed. Naïve CBA mice rejected B6 cardiac graft acutely (median survival time [MST]: 7 days). CBA recipients given of 1 mL of R-1 had significantly prolonged B6 allograft survival (MST, 27 days). However, other doses of 0.1 mL and 0.01 mL of R-1 did not prolonged allograft survival (MSTs, 9 days and 8.5 days, respectively). Also, CBA recipients administered microwaved R-1 had no prolongation of B6 allograft (MST, 9 days). Histological and immunohistochemical studies showed the cardiac allograft from R-1-exposed CBA recipients had preserved graft and vessel structure and the number of infiltrated CD4 + , CD8 + , and Foxp3 + cells in R-1-exposed CBA recipients increased, respectively. In conclusion, our findings imply that yogurt containing active lactic acid bacteria could change alloimmune responses partially and induce the prolongation of cardiac allograft survival via CD4 + Foxp3 + regulatory cells. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Post-death cloning of endangered Jeju black cattle (Korean native cattle): fertility and serum chemistry in a cloned bull and cow and their offspring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun Young; Song, Dong Hwan; Park, Min Jee; Park, Hyo Young; Lee, Seung Eun; Choi, Hyun Yong; Moon, Jeremiah Jiman; Kim, Young Hoon; Mun, Seong Ho; Oh, Chang Eon; Ko, Moon Suck; Lee, Dong Sun; Riu, Key Zung; Park, Se Pill

    2013-12-17

    To preserve Jeju black cattle (JBC; endangered native Korean cattle), a pair of cattle, namely a post-death cloned JBC bull and cow, were produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) in a previous study. In the present study, we examined the in vitro fertilization and reproductive potentials of these post-death cloned animals. Sperm motility, in vitro fertilization and developmental capacity were examined in a post-death cloned bull (Heuk Oll Dolee) and an extinct nuclear donor bull (BK94-13). We assessed reproductive ability in another post-death cloned cow (Heuk Woo Sunee) using cloned sperm for artificial insemination (AI). There were no differences in sperm motility or developmental potential of in vitro fertilized embryos between the post-death cloned bull and its extinct nuclear donor bull; however, the embryo development ratio was slightly higher in the cloned sperm group than in the nuclear donor sperm group. After one attempt at AI, the post-death cloned JBC cow became pregnant, and gestation proceeded normally until day 287. From this post-death cloned sire and dam, a JBC male calf (Heuk Woo Dolee) was delivered naturally (weight, 25 kg). The genetic paternity/maternity of the cloned JBC bull and cow with regard to their offspring was confirmed using International Society for Animal Genetics standard microsatellite markers. Presently, Heuk Woo Dolee is 5 months of age and growing normally. In addition, there were no significant differences in blood chemistry among the post-death cloned JBC bull, the cow, their offspring and cattle bred by AI. This is the first report showing that a pair of cattle, namely, a post-death cloned JBC bull and cow, had normal fertility. Therefore, SCNT can be used effectively to increase the population of endangered JBC.

  11. Nutritional screening of older home-dwelling Norwegians: a comparison between two instruments

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    Söderhamn U

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ulrika Söderhamn, Bjørg Dale, Kari Sundsli, Olle SöderhamnCentre for Caring Research-Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, NorwayBackground: It is important to obtain knowledge about the prevalence of nutritional risk and associated factors among older home-dwelling people in order to be able to meet nutritional challenges in this group in the future and to plan appropriate interventions. The aim of this survey was to investigate the prevalence of home-dwelling older people at nutritional risk and to identify associated factors using two different nutritional screening instruments as self-report instruments.Methods: This study had a cross-sectional design. A postal questionnaire, including the Norwegian versions of the Nutritional Form for the Elderly (NUFFE-NO and Mini Nutritional Assessment – Short Form (MNA-SF, background variables, and health-related questions was sent to a randomized sample of 6033 home-dwelling older people in southern Norway. A total of 2106 (34.9% subjects were included in the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses.Results: When using the NUFFE-NO and MNA-SF, 426 (22.3% and 258 (13.5% older persons, respectively, were identified to be at nutritional risk. The risk of undernutrition increased with age. Several predictors for being at risk of undernutrition, including chronic disease/handicap and receiving family help, as well as protective factors, including sufficient food intake and having social contacts, were identified.Conclusion: Health professionals must be aware of older people's vulnerability to risk of undernutrition, perform screening, and have a plan for preventing undernutrition. For that purpose, MNA-SF and NUFFE-NO can be suggested for screening older people living at home.Keywords: aged, risk factors, undernutrition, screening

  12. Coastal erosion in Sicily: geomorphologic impact and mitigation (Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liguori, V.; Manno, G.

    2009-04-01

    The coast of Sicily region stretches about 1400 km, bathing three different seas: the North tract, from Messina to Capo San Vito wash to the Tyrrhenian Sea, the oriental side, from Messina to Capo Passero, wash to the Ionian Sea, and finally the southern side wash to the Mediterranean. Of these, 395 km are made up of beaches and 970 km from rocky shores. The coastal morph-type were analyzed in relation to their evolutionary trend (backspace or advancement of the seaside), can be summarized as follows: a low shores of torrent plain (Messina), low shores with salt (Trapani), low shores beaches edged with dunal systems, subject to backspace, where urbanization has reduced or eliminated the internal sand dunes, shores on marine terraces, with beaches at the foot (Agrigento) and high shores non-affected of real phenomena of backspace, but subject to often dangerous events of detachment and collapse of blocks (high rocky shores). The marine and coastal environment is a complex and articulated, in balance with the Earth's environment, in which live together, but through different dynamics strongly interacting, ecosystems and marine ecosystems typically transition. The increasing density of population concentrated along the shores, the gradual expansion of activities related to the use of marine and coastal resources, are some of the issues that threaten the delicate balance of nature and the sea coast. The sicilian coastal areas most subject to erosion are those in Ragusa shores areas in south-eastern of Sicily, where the critical areas interesting low coastline and high shores. Following the coast, between Capo Peloro and Milazzo (Messina),where the erosion affects the coast with a low of about 23 km. In the coastal between Capo St. Marco and Capo Feto (Trapani) the critical areas interesting the low coastline and, in part erodible bluffs. One of this case is localized in the town of Mazara del Vallo. In general, the phenomenon erosive affects almost all the sicilian

  13. Measuring forest floor evaporation from interception in prescribed burned forests in Southern Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giuditta, Elisabetta; Coenders-Gerrits, Miriam; Bogaard, Thom; Wenninger, Jochen; Greco, Roberto; Ialongo, Gianluca; Esposito, Assunta; Rutigliano, Flora Angela

    2016-04-01

    Wildfires are one of the major environmental issue in the Mediterranean area. Prescribed burning (PB) is increasingly used in Europe as a practice to reduce fire risk, through dead fine fuel reduction. Several studies have focused on fire effects on vegetation and soil microbial community, but very few on ecosystem processes involved in water cycle. This study aims to estimate interception by the litter and fermentation layer and the successive evaporation flux in laboratory conditions, using a water balance and 2H and 18O isotopes mass balance calculation, in order to assess PB effects on the hydrology and ecosystem in pine plantations. PB was carried out in spring 2014 in three pine plantations of Southern Italy, dominated by Pinus halepensis (Cilento, Vallo di Diano e Alburni National Park, CVDANP), P. pinaster (Vesuvio National Park, VNP) and P. pinea (Castel Volturno Nature Reserve, CVNR). A dataset concerning the effects of PB on vegetation structure, floristic composition, microbial biomass and activity in the fermentation layer and 5-cm of soil beneath is available for the same stands. In each plantation, two cores of litter and fermentation layer were sampled in a burned area and in a near unburned area (control), respectively, with a collector to extract an "undisturbed" core. Then, each core was transferred in a lysimeter installed in the Water Lab of Delft University of Technology. In total, three lysimeters were set up and each experiment was carried out in duplicate. The laboratory had constant temperature, and both temperature and relative humidity were recorded every 15 minutes. To simulate rainfall, ~1 litre of tap water was sprinkled uniformly on the lysimeter with a plant spray (equivalent to 32 mm of rain). The precipitation was sprinkled every 3 days for a period of two months. Soil moisture and temperature were measured during the experiment every 15 minutes in the top and bottom of the litter and fermentation layer. Interception water was

  14. Crustal-scale alpine tectonic evolution of the western Pyrenees - eastern Cantabrian Mountains (N Spain) from integration of structural data, low-T thermochronology and seismic constraint

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeFelipe, I.; Pedreira, D.; Pulgar, J. A.; Van der Beek, P.; Bernet, M.; Pik, R.

    2017-12-01

    The Pyrenean-Cantabrian Mountain belt extends in an E-W direction along the northern border of Spain and resulted from the convergence between the Iberian and European plates from the Late Cretaceous to the Miocene, in the context of the Alpine orogeny. The main aim of this work is to characterize the tectonic evolution at a crustal-scale of the transition zone from the Pyrenees to the Cantabrian Mountains, in the eastern Basque-Cantabrian Basin (BCB). We integrate structural work, thermochronology (apatite fission track and zircon (U-Th)/He) and geophysical information (shallow seismic reflection profiles, deep seismic refraction/wide-angle reflection profiles and seismicity distribution) to propose an evolutionary model since the Jurassic to the present. During the Albian, hyperextension related to the opening of the Bay of Biscay yielded to mantle unroofing to the base of the BCB. This process was favored by a detachment fault that connected the mantle in its footwall with the base of a deep basin in its hanging wall. During this process, the basin experienced HT metamorphism and fluid circulation caused the serpentinization of the upper part of the mantle. There is no evidence of seafloor mantle exhumation before the onset of the Alpine orogeny. The thermochronological study points to a N-vergent phase of contractional deformation in the late Eocene represented by the thin-skinned Leiza fault system followed in the early Oligocene by the S-vergent, thick-skinned, Ollín thrust. Exhumation rates for the late Eocene-early Oligocene are of 0.2-0.7 km/Myr. After that period, deformation continues southwards until the Miocene. The crustal-scale structure resultant of the Alpine orogeny consists of an Iberian plate that subducts below the European plate. The crust is segmented into four blocks separated by three S-vergent crustal faults inherited from the Cretaceous extensional period. The P-wave velocities in this transect show anomalous values (7.4 km/s) in the

  15. Highly selective and sensitive determination of copper ion by two novel optical sensors

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    Mehrorang Ghaedi

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available New optical sensors for the determination of copper ion by incorporation of 1,1′-(4-nitro-1,2-phenylenebis(azan-1-yl-1-ylidenebis(methan-1-yl-1-lidenedinaphthalen-2-ol(L1, 1,1′-2,2′-(1,2-phenylenebis(ethene-2,1-diyldinaphthalen-2-ol 1(L2, dibutylphthalate (DBP and sodium tetraphenylborate (Na-TPB to the plasticized polyvinyl chloride matrices were prepared. The tendency of both ionophores (L2 and L1 as chromoionophore was significantly enhanced by the addition of DBP to the membrane. The proposed sensors benefit from advantages such as high stability, reproducibility and relatively long lifetime, good selectivity for Cu2+ ion determination over a large number of alkali, alkaline earth, transition and heavy metal ions. At optimum values of membrane compositions and experimental conditions, both sensors’ response was linear over a concentration range of 7.98 × 10−6 to 1.31 × 10−4mol L−1 and 1.99 × 10−6 to 5.12 × 10−5 mol L−1 for L2 and L1, respectively. Sensor detection limit based on the definition that the concentration of the sample leads to a signal equal to the blank signal plus three times of its standard deviation was found to be 3.99 × 10−7 and 5.88 × 10−7 mol L−1 for L2 and L1, respectively. The response time of the optodes (defined as the time required reaching the 90% of the peak signal was found to be 5–8 min for L2 and 20–25 min for L1 based sensor. The proposed optical sensors were applied successfully for the determination of Cu2+ ion content in water samples.

  16. Lived experiences of self-care among older physically active urban-living individuals

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    Sundsli K

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Kari Sundsli,1,2 Geir Arild Espnes,3 Olle Söderhamn21Department of Social Work and Health Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway, 2Centre for Caring Research, Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway, 3Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources HiST-NTNU, Department of Social Work and Health Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management, NTNU, Trondheim, NorwayBackground: Promoting physical activity is a public health priority in most industrial countries, and physical function is an important factor when taking into consideration older people’s self-care and health. Despite the increasing challenges associated with urbanization and the aging population, urban life appears to be positive in many ways for urban dwellers. However, the manner in which older people live in urban settings and how this influences their ability to take care of themselves should be considered important knowledge for health professionals and politicians to acquire. The aim of this study was to describe the lived experiences of self-care and features that may influence health and self-care among older urban home-dwelling individuals who are physically active.Methods: Ten subjects, three women and seven men, who were aged 65–82 years and identified to be physically active, were interviewed. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed according to the descriptive phenomenological method devised by Giorgi.Results: Our findings showed beneficial self-care. The participants lived active everyday lives and were frequently physically active. They were part of a supportive, inclusive, and promoting fellowship, and they had the opportunity to travel. They utilized their competence and experienced making themselves useful. It was a privilege to be part of a family life as a husband, wife, parent, and/or a grandparent. They

  17. Participation in physical and social activities among home-dwelling persons with dementia – experiences of next of kin

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    Söderhamn U

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Ulrika Söderhamn,1 Bjørg Landmark,2,3 Sissel Eriksen,2 Olle Söderhamn11Center for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, 2Institute of Research and Development for Nursing and Care Services, Municipality of Drammen, Drammen, 3Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud University College, Drammen, NorwayIntroduction: To be next of kin to a home-dwelling person with dementia is known to be a heavy burden, especially early in the process. Studies have revealed a need for information and support during the disease process. Likewise, there is support for the positive impacts of physical and social activities for wellbeing in home-dwelling people with dementia. It is important to obtain experiences from next of kin whose spouses or parents participate in such physical and social activities.Aim: The aim of this study was to elucidate the experiences of next of kin to home-dwelling persons in an early stage of dementia who had an opportunity to participate in organized physical and social activities.Method: The study has a qualitative design. Focus group interviews were conducted with ten next of kin to home-dwelling dementia sufferers, who participated in physical and social activities in an activity center. The interview texts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.Findings: In the analysis, two categories emerged: "a break in the everyday" and "being attended and cared about." Two sub-categories identified in each of the two main categories were: "need of relief" and "meaningful activities;" and "being confirmed" and "sharing experiences and getting advice and help," respectively. These categories were interpreted in an overall theme: "contentment with adapted activities and group meetings provided with a person-centered approach."Conclusion: Adapted physical and social activities led by highly qualified personnel can provide needed relief and support to the next of kin, and

  18. Phenomenological perspectives on self-care in aging

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    Söderhamn O

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Olle SöderhamnCenter for Caring Research- Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, NorwayAbstract: Self-care is a central concept in health care and may be considered as a means to maintain, restore, and improve one's health and well-being. When performed effectively, self-care contributes not only to human functioning but also to human structural integrity and human development (ie, to a dynamic and holistic state of health. Self-care as a clinical concept is relevant for health care professionals, and it should be meaningful to investigate it at a philosophical level and to further elaborate upon this concept. The aim of this article is to discuss and elaborate upon a phenomenological perspective on self-care in aging that is relevant for the health sciences. Self-care may be preliminarily regarded as a fundamental perspective for the conscious older individual, and as a way of being in the world with both the objective body and with the lived body. The lived body is the personal center of perception and the field of action, and it is also the center of self-care. The potentiality or ability for self-care activity and self-care activity itself are structures given to perception, with self-care ability as an integral part of the lived body. The actualization of self-care ability comes about through a certain meaning, which can be regarded as an important driving force. It is constituted by communication, a healthy lifestyle, and by building meaning and socializing. Successful self-care involves having contacts with the health care system, being conscious of a sound lifestyle, being physically and mentally active, being engaged, having social contacts with family and others, as well as being satisfied, positive, and being able to look forward. One fundamental cornerstone is serenity on behalf of the individual. Self-care can facilitate transitions, and it may also be an outcome of transitions

  19. Role of ESAT-6 in renal injury by regulating microRNA-155 expression via TLR4/MyD88 signaling pathway in mice with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhong-Qi; Wang, Zhi-Kui; Zhang, Lei; Ren, Yue-Qin; Ma, Zhong-Wei; Zhao, Nan; Sun, Fu-Yun

    2017-08-31

    The study aims to investigate the underlying mechanism involved in the early secretory antigenic target-6 (ESAT-6) in renal injury through regulation of the expression of miR-155 through the oll-like receptor (TLR)-4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-infected mice. Sixty C57BL/6 mice with MTB-induced renal injury were randomly assigned into control, MTB, mimic, inhibitor, inhibitor + ESAT6, and inhibitor + ESAT6 + TAK242 groups. Body weight, the ratio of kidney weight to body weight (Kw/Bw), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and serum creatinine (Scr) of mice were measured. Flow cytometry was used to detect renal activation in mice. Expressions of miR-155 and ESAT6 were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blotting was used to examine the expressions of ESAT6, TLR4, and MyD88. Expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-17 (IL-17), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) were measured by qRT-PCR and ELISA. Compared with the control group, the BUN and Scr levels as well as the expression levels of miR-155 , TLR4, MyD88, TNF-α, IL-17, and IFN-γ increased, while Kw/Bw decreased in the MTB and mimic groups. In comparison with the MTB group, the above indexes except Kw/Bw were elevated in the mimic group, but were reduced in the inhibitor group, while the Kw/Bw dropped in the mimic group but increased in the inhibitor group. Compared with the inhibitor group, the Kw/Bw decreased while the rest of the indexes increased in the inhibitor + ESAT6 group. ESAT6 may induce renal injury by promoting miR-155 expression through the TLR-4/MyD88 signaling pathway in MTB-infected mice. © 2017 The Author(s).

  20. Mastimännid ja muu mets : mitmekülgsuse võlu Eesti proosast aastal 2007 / Sirje Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Sirje, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade 2007. aasta eesti proosast. Käsitletakse järgimisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Ene Mihkelson "Katkuhaud", Andrus Kivirähk "Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu", Jaan Kaplinski "Seesama jõgi", Tõnu Õnnepalu "Flandria päevik", Toomas Vint "Mäluauguga naine", Indrek Hargla "French ja Koulu Tarbatus", Kalle Käsper "Buridanid IV", Jaan Tooming "Teekond mäe südamesse", Ustav Mikelsaar "Tunnimehed", Henn Mikelsaar "Teema variatsioonidega", Reet Kudu "Pidupäevad võõrsil", Mara Maret Aronovich "Tagasikäiguga edasi", Aimée Beekman "Proovielu", Valentine Nõlvak "Ellujääja : mälestused", Mehis Heinsaar "Rändaja õnn", Maimu Berg "Unustatud inimesed", Mats Traat "Sarviku armastus : valik kultuuriloolisi novelle", Mihkel Mutt "Siseemigrant : novellid Rui taevalike kommentaaridega", Paavo Kivine "Kaks kavaleri", Kärt Hellerma "Ma armastasin David Copperfieldi", Piret Bristol "Paralleelmeri", Imre Siil "Mereröövlite loss", Kalju Saaber "Issanda loomaaed. Viru sektor", Veiko Märka "Lendas üle marmortahvli", Vahur Afanasjev "Kaadrid otsustavad, ehk, Sööbik ja Pisik seiklevad jälle, ehk, Eesti rahva lühike, kuid õnnelik ajalugu, Ehk kirjalik komejant tühjusest", Aarne Ruuben "Lugusid Anveltist ja Kingissepast", Epp Annus "Sina, Matilda", Peeter Helme "Puudutus", Ivar Sild "Tantsiv linn", Tui Hirv "Tähe tänav. Per musica ad astra", Tiina Laanem "Väikesed vanamehed", Angela Hofberg (pseud.) "Päev nagu elu", Marion Andra "Vähemalt...", Olle Lauli "Niguliste õpilased", Aarne Biin "Linna valitsemine", Erik Tohvri "Mürgiliblikas", Riina Kangur "Elisa", Kerttu Rakke "Küpsiseparadiis", Epp Petrone ja Dagmar Reintam "Õun ära süüa?", Elme Väljaste "Päriselu Proletariaadi puiesteel", Ketlin Priilinn "Hõbeingel", Ira Lember "Kohvik pärnade all", Paul Pajos "Krimijutud edasijõudnuile", Andres Anvelt "Punane elavhõbe", Klaara ja Kaarel Kivi "Mõrvasügis", Tiit Sepa "Hommik ühele", Lembit Uustulnd "Ruutuemanda sündroom : rahvusvaheline

  1. Being old and living alone in urban areas: the meaning of self-care and health on the perception of life situation and identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundsli K

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Kari Sundsli,1,2, Geir Arild Espnes,3 Olle Söderhamn21Department of Social Work and Health Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 2Centre for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway; 3Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, NorwayBackground: Living alone in urban areas when getting old is an important and necessary field for research as the growth of the urban population worldwide increases, and due to the fact that people live longer. How older people manage their self-care and health, and how this might influence their identity and life situation may be very important to understand when planning for a new, upcoming older generation. The aim of this study was to elucidate the meaning of self-care and health for the perception of life situation and identity among single-living older individuals in urban areas in southern Norway.Methods: A phenomenological–hermeneutic approach inspired by Ricoeur was applied. Nine single-living older persons in urban areas, 70–82 years of age, and identified to be in good health were interviewed. The interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using a phenomenological–hermeneutic method.Results: Strength and a time dimension characterized the meaning of self-care and health for the perception of life situation and identity as narrated by the group of single-living older individuals in urban areas in southern Norway. The informants were, as older individuals, caring, autonomous, and robust characters, who had gone through difficult times in life, and in a resilient way moved towards a new future. They valued and were grateful for what they had learned in their lives and could go forward and still experience and explore.Conclusion: Self-care is significant in the perception of life situation and identity among single

  2. 2009 EVALUATION OF TRITIUM REMOVAL AND MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LUECK KJ; GENESSE DJ; STEGEN GE

    2009-02-26

    Since 1995, a state-approved land disposal site (SALDS) has received tritium contaminated effluents from the Hanford Site Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF). Tritium in this effluent is mitigated by storage in slow moving groundwater to allow extended time for decay before the water reaches the site boundary. By this method, tritium in the SALDS is isolated from the general environment and human contact until it has decayed to acceptable levels. This report contains the 2009 update evaluation of alternative tritium mitigation techniques to control tritium in liquid effluents and groundwater at the Hanford site. A thorough literature review was completed and updated information is provided on state-of-the-art technologies for control of tritium in wastewaters. This report was prepared to satisfy the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) Milestone M-026-07B (Ecology, EPA, and DOE 2007). Tritium separation and isolation technologies are evaluated periodically to determine their feasibility for implementation to control Hanford site liquid effluents and groundwaters to meet the Us. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 40 CFR 141.16, drinking water maximum contaminant level (MCL) for tritium of 20,000 pOll and/or DOE Order 5400.5 as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) policy. Since the 2004 evaluation, there have been a number of developments related to tritium separation and control with potential application in mitigating tritium contaminated wastewater. These are primarily focused in the areas of: (1) tritium recycling at a commercial facility in Cardiff, UK using integrated tritium separation technologies (water distillation, palladium membrane reactor, liquid phase catalytic exchange, thermal diffusion), (2) development and demonstration of Combined Electrolysis Catalytic Exchange (CECE) using hydrogen/water exchange to separate tritium from water, (3) evaporation of tritium contaminated water for dispersion in the

  3. Volunteering in dementia care – a Norwegian phenomenological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Söderhamn U

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Ulrika Söderhamn1, Bjørg Landmark2,3, Live Aasgaard2, Hilde Eide3, Olle Söderhamn11Center for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway; 2Institute of Research and Development for Nursing and Care Services, Municipality of Drammen, Drammen, Norway; 3Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud University College, Drammen, NorwayIntroduction: The number of people suffering from dementia will increase dramatically in the future, and this will be a great challenge and concern for health care services. It is assumed that volunteers will strengthen community health care services more in the future than they do today.Aim: The aim of this study was to elucidate lived experiences of working as a volunteer in an activity center with adapted activities for home-dwelling people with early stage dementia.Methods: Qualitative interviews were implemented in a group of nine female volunteers from an activity center in southern Norway. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed with a descriptive phenomenological method. Results: Volunteering in an activity center for home-dwelling people with early stage dementia was reported to provide experiences of being useful and feeling satisfied with performing a good job. It was an advantage for the volunteers to have had experiences from life in general, but also as a health professional or as being the next of kin of a dementia sufferer. It was important for the volunteers to focus on the dementia sufferer and show caring behavior, and interaction with and the appreciation of the health care professionals were also important. The volunteers were motivated by being able to have influence and participate in the planning of the work, to be a part of the social setting, and to learn. However, for some volunteers it was difficult to adjust to an appropriate role.Conclusion: In order to promote volunteering in a caring context, mutual

  4. Living alone, receiving help, helplessness, and inactivity are strongly related to risk of undernutrition among older home-dwelling people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomstad ST

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Solveig T Tomstad1, Ulrika Söderhamn2, Geir Arild Espnes3, Olle Söderhamn21Department of Social Work and Health Science, Faculty of Sciences and Technology Management, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway and Centre for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway; 2Centre for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway; 3Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources HiST-NTNU, Department of Social Work and Health Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management, NTNU, Trondheim, NorwayBackground: Being at risk of undernutrition is a global problem among older people. Undernutrition can be considered inadequate nutritional status, characterized by insufficient food intake and weight loss. There is a lack of Norwegian studies focusing on being at risk of undernutrition and self-care ability, sense of coherence, and health-related issues among older home-dwelling people.Aim: To describe the prevalence of being at risk of undernutrition among a group of older home-dwelling individuals in Norway, and to relate the results to reported self-care ability, sense of coherence, perceived health and other health-related issues.Methods: A cross-sectional design was applied. A questionnaire with instruments for nutritional screening, self-care ability, and sense of coherence, and health-related questions was sent to a randomized sample of 450 persons (aged 65+ years in southern Norway. The study group included 158 (35.1% participants. Data were analysed using statistical methods.Results: The results showed that 19% of the participants were at medium risk of undernutrition and 1.3% at high risk. Due to the low response rate it can be expected that the nonparticipants can be at risk of undernutrition. The nutritional at-risk group had lower self-care ability and weaker sense of coherence. Living alone, receiving help

  5. European Society for Swallowing Disorders – European Union Geriatric Medicine Society white paper: oropharyngeal dysphagia as a geriatric syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baijens LW

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Laura WJ Baijens,1 Pere Clavé,2,3 Patrick Cras,4 Olle Ekberg,5 Alexandre Forster,6 Gerald F Kolb,7 Jean-Claude Leners,8 Stefano Masiero,9 Jesús Mateos-Nozal,10 Omar Ortega,2,3 David G Smithard,11 Renée Speyer,12 Margaret Walshe13 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands; 2Gastrointestinal Physiology Laboratory, Department of Surgery, Hospital of Mataró, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Mataró, 3CIBERehd, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain; 4Department of Neurology, Antwerp University Hospital, University of Antwerp, Born Bunge Institute, Edegem, Belgium; 5Department of Translational Medicine, Division of Medical Radiology, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden; 6Clinique Bois-Bougy, Nyon, Switzerland; 7Department of Geriatrics and Physical Medicine, Bonifatius Hospital, Lingen, Germany; 8Long Term Care and Hospice, Ettelbruck, Luxembourg; 9Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Neuroscience, University of Padua, Padova, Italy; 10Department of Geriatric Medicine, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain; 11Clinical Gerontology, Princess Royal University Hospital, King’s College Hospital Foundation Trust, London, UK; 12College of Healthcare Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia; 13Department of Clinical Speech and Language Studies, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Abstract: This position document has been developed by the Dysphagia Working Group, a committee of members from the European Society for Swallowing Disorders and the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, and invited experts. It consists of 12 sections that cover all aspects of clinical management of oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD related to geriatric medicine and discusses prevalence, quality of life, and legal and ethical issues, as well as health economics and social burden. OD constitutes impaired or uncomfortable transit of food or liquids

  6. Integrated Detection and Prediction of Influenza Activity for Real-Time Surveillance: Algorithm Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spreco, Armin; Eriksson, Olle; Dahlström, Örjan; Cowling, Benjamin John; Timpka, Toomas

    2017-06-15

    of a winter influenza season has an exponential growth of infected individuals. For prediction modeling, linear regression was applied on 7-day periods at the time in order to find the peak timing, whereas a derivate of a normal distribution density function was used to find the peak intensity. We found that the integrated detection and prediction method detected the 2008-09 winter influenza season on its starting day (optimal timeliness 0 days), whereas the predicted peak was estimated to occur 7 days ahead of the factual peak and the predicted peak intensity was estimated to be 26% lower than the factual intensity (6.3 compared with 8.5 influenza-diagnosis cases/100,000). Our detection and prediction method is one of the first integrated methods specifically designed for local application on influenza data electronically available for surveillance. The performance of the method in a retrospective study indicates that further prospective evaluations of the methods are justified. ©Armin Spreco, Olle Eriksson, Örjan Dahlström, Benjamin John Cowling, Toomas Timpka. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 15.06.2017.

  7. Fission track dating: methodology and thermo-chronological applications in alpine and continental margin contexts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sabil, N.

    1995-06-01

    The fission track dating method has proved to be unique in thermo-chronology by its capability to describe the final phases of the cooling history and denudation of metamorphic massifs, like the thermal history of sedimentary formations or the dating of some volcanic materials. In this work we describe this method and present a series of new analytic techniques and calibrations which we realised in the aim of further use in geology. We discuss a few examples of such applications. In the french Occidental Alps, the analysis of fission track on apatite samples from the granites of the Sept Laux (Belledonne massif), in the Eau d' Olle valley, suggests that this method could bring a contribution to the actual discussion about the origin of some alpine valleys. The fission track method suggests that the opening of this valley could be the consequence of an active faulting from the middle Miocene until the present. The characterization of fluvial deposits through their detrital apatites fission tracks record could eventually be used to study river captures related to changes tectonic regimes. Therefore we studied the apatites of a paleo-delta located in the Isere middle valley at the sub-alpine 'sillon' level, and of two valleys, those of the Arc and of the Breda, located up the delta. The distribution of the fission track ages of those mineraIs has not confirmed a previously suggested model, which proposed that the studied paleo-delta could be associated with a paleo-Arc rather than a paleo-Breda. In the Moroccan Occidental Meseta, three granitic massifs located in the Rehamna have been selected for a thermo-chronological study. The analysis of the fission track in zircons and apatites of these granites recorded the thermo-tectonic events which have affected the Meseta ever since the opening of the Central Atlantic Ocean some 200 Ma ago. We show how a numerical simulation model recently (1994) proposed for the analysis of fission track in apatites allows us to specify

  8. Development of advanced technologies for biomass pyrolysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ran

    The utilization of biomass resources as a renewable energy resource is of great importance in responding to concerns over the protection of the environment and the security of energy supply. This PhD research focuses on the investigation of the conversion of negative value biomass residues into value-added fuels through flash pyrolysis. Pyrolysis Process Study. A pilot plant bubbling fluidized bed pyrolyzer has been set up and extensively used to thermally crack various low or negative value agricultural, food and biofuel processing residues to investigate the yields and quality of the liquid [bio-oil] and solid (bio-char] products. Another novel aspect of this study is the establishment of an energy balance from which the thermal self-sustainability of the pyrolysis process can be assessed. Residues such as grape skins and mixture of grape skins and seeds, dried distiller's grains from bio-ethanol plants, sugarcane field residues (internal bagasse, external and whole plant) have been tested. The pyrolysis of each residue has been carried out at temperatures ranging from 300 to 600°C and at different vapor residence times, to determine its pyrolysis behavior including yields and the overall energy balance. The thermal sustainability of the pyrolysis process has been estimated by considering the energy contribution of the product gases and liquid bio-oll in relation to the pyrolysis heat requirements. The optimum pyrolysis conditions have been identified in terms of maximizing the liquid blo-oil yield, energy density and content of the product blo-oil, after ensuring a self-sustainable process by utilizing the product gases and part of char or bio-oil as heat sources. Adownflow pyrolyzer has also been set up. Preliminary tests have been conducted using much shorter residence times. Bio-oil Recovery. Bio-oil recovery from the pyrolysis unit includes condensation followed by demisting. A blo-oil cyclonic condensing system is designed A nearly tangential entry forces

  9. Postmodernistlikke jooni eesti noore režissuuri lavastustes 1969–1975 / Postmodernist Traits in the Performances of Young Estonian Directors 1969-1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rein Heinsalu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Teesid: 1960. aastate lõpus toimusid eesti teatris suured muutused. Ilmus nähtus, mida hakati nimetama nooreks režissuuriks. Eeskätt on see seotud Evald Hermaküla, Jaan Toominga, Kalju Komissarovi, Kaarin Raidi jt nimedega. Noor režissuur tõstis mässu ahtaks muutunud realismi raamide vastu, mis ei vastanud noore põlvkonna teatriootustele. Olles mõjutatud ideeliselt radikaalsest eksperimentaalteatrist USAs, aga ka Jerzy Grotowski katsetustest ning teistest avangardsetest liikumistest, muutis see füüsilist teatrikeelt. Tõusis improvisatsiooni osakaal. Teater lakkas olemast dramaturgiliste tekstide esituskoht, vaid hakkas otsima etendustes vahetut kohalolu. Tajuprotsessi hakkas juhtima mängu põhimõte. Suured müüdid dekonstrueeriti, autoritaarsusele vastanduti. Seksuaalsus ilmutas end uuel jõul, toetatud alateadvuse impulssidest. Uue laine radikaalsus kestis 1970. aastate lõpuni, mil see sulandus peavoolu. Murrang teatriesteetikas mõjutas kogu järgnenud teatriperioodi, seda on kutsutud ka eesti teatri kuldajaks. SU M M A R Y Young directors emerged in Estonian theatre at the end of the 1960s. More specifically, during the years 1969–1974 many new directors’ names appeared on theatre posters, and the fundamental changes in the language and content of the theatre at the end of the 1960s and the 1970s began to be associated with these names. Most important among these are Evald Hermaküla, Jaan Tooming, Kalju Komissarov, and Karin Raid. Within a short time these young directors changed prevailing assumptions about the purpose, means, and content of the theatre in Estonia. This phenomenon came to be referred to as the breakthrough, or the new wave; later on, in sum, as the renewal of theatre. A generational change was taking place in the theatre, and in this framework a different language of theatre emerged, which began carrying innovative emotional and aesthetic paradigms. As in the Anglo-American cultural space, this new

  10. Selected Abstracts of the 12th International Workshop on Neonatology; Cagliari (Italy; October 19-22, 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2016-10-01

    Aufiero, L. Dall'Oglio, P. De Angelis, A. Villani, P. Bagolan, R. CutreraABS 12. FROM MAZARA DEL VALLO: PRAWNS IN CHILDREN'S DIET FOR THE ROOTS OF MEDITERRANEAN CULTURE • I. FarnetaniABS 13. THE METABOLIC FINGERPRINT OF TERM INFANTS WITH NORMAL AND INCREASED FETAL GROWTH • Ch. Fotakis, M. Zoga, Th. Tsiaka, Th. Boutsikou, D.D. Briana, K. Dendrinou, A. Malamitsi-Puchner, P. ZoumpoulakisABS 14. IN THEIR MOM THEY FIND THEIR ENTIRE WORLD, NOT JUST THE MILK: A REVIEW OF LITERATURE ABOUT SKIN-TO-SKIN • C. Ortu, S. Atza, D. Licheri, M. Crisafulli, A. DessìABS 15. UNEXPECTED PAINLESS DUODENAL ULCER IN A GIRL WITH REFRACTORY IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA (IDA DUE TO H. PYLORI (HP INFECTION • F. Marino, S. Rossin, F. Rigon, V. Rametta, G. Passarella, F. Rimondi, C. Santagati, M. Berardi, S. Innaurato, E. Michelin, C. Lorenzetto, L. Nai Fovino, S. RugolottoABS 16. EARLY CLINICAL AND SEROLOGIC MARKERS OF BILIARY ATRESIA: ANALYSIS OF THREE CASES IN NORTH SARDINIA • C. Solinas, M.L. Cassitta, A.R. Carta, A. Cualbu, G. Olzai, D. Alberti, M.G. ClementeABS 17. GASTRIC PNEUMATOSIS IN AN EXTREMELY PRETERM INFANT: A CASE REPORT • C. Loddo, V. Dell'Orto, S. Shankar Aguilera, Y. Soreze, D. De LucaABS 18. RISK FACTORS OF FETAL ARRHYTHMIAS • I. Ignatko, A. Strigakov, A. RodionovaABS 19. MALFORMATIVE PATHOLOGIES IN FETAL AUTOPSIES: A FOCUS ON CARDIOVASCULAR AND GENITOURINARY SYSTEMS. OUR DECENNIAL EXPERIENCE • M. Paudice, B. Spina, F. Todeschini, U. Leone Roberti Maggiore, S. Ferrero, L. Tegaldo, E. Fulcheri, V.G. VelloneABS 20. ROLE OF IMAGING IN NEONATAL ARTERIAL AND VENOUS STROKE • A. Cosseddu, A. Lai, M. Scarano, L. Saba, M. MarrasABS 21. UNEXPECTED ENDOCARDITIS IN A PRETERM INFANT • G. Passarella, C. Santagati, F. Rigon, F. Rimondi, V. Rametta, M. Berardi, F. Marino, S. Innaurato, E. Michelin, C. Lorenzetto, L. Nai Fovino, E. Baraldi, O. Milanesi, S. Rossin, S. RugolottoABS 22. SHOCK IN NEONATES: DON'T FORGET THE HEART! • M. Furno, E. Aru, D. Congiu, P