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Sample records for mentales ou mettre

  1. Développement : mettre les diasporas à contribution | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 oct. 2010 ... On recherche un ou une physiothérapeute d'origine éthiopienne vivant au Canada et ayant acquis des connaissances spécialisées sur le plan universitaire et clinique afin d'offrir bénévolement une formation de trois à six semaines aux membres du corps professoral du tout premier programme ...

  2. Un organisme de surveillance presse la société civile de se mettre à ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 oct. 2010 ... Un organisme canadien de surveillance d'Internet, qui a récemment aidé à ... risquent aussi de mettre en danger les personnes et les collectivités qu'ils ... Cette étude fournit des preuves que la sécurité de l'information est un ...

  3. Un organisme de surveillance presse la société civile de se mettre à ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 oct. 2010 ... Un organisme canadien de surveillance d'Internet, qui a récemment aidé à mettre au jour un vaste réseau présumé de cyberespionnage, presse les organismes voués au développement international de devenir beaucoup plus solides en matière de sécurité de l'information.À LIRE ÉGALEMENT.

  4. Sobrecarga dos cuidadores de crianças ou adolescentes que sofrem transtorno mental no município de Maringá - Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Aparecida Buriola

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar a sobrecarga do cuidador de criança ou adolescente com transtorno mental. Métodos: Estudo transversal, descritivo, exploratório, quantitativo, realizado com 82 cuidadores/familiares de crianças e adolescentes atendidos no Centro de Atenção Psicossocial infantil do município de Maringá, Paraná, Brasil. A coleta foi de dezembro de 2012 a julho de 2013, utilizando-se a Escala de Sobrecarga dos Familiares de Pacientes Psiquiátricos e um questionário sócio-demográfico. Resultados: Identificou-se sobrecarga objetiva elevada quanto à assistência em atividades da vida cotidiana, como supervisão na tomada de medicamentos, e sobrecarga subjetiva alta decorrente do convívio com comportamentos problemáticos. Conclusão: Nesse contexto é imprescindível vincular a família nas ações de cuidado prestadas nos serviços de saúde, sendo necessário que os profissionais atuem potencializando pontos positivos da convivência da família com essas crianças e adolescentes, sanando dúvidas e sendo o suporte da família para as dificuldades que surgem no convívio.

  5. ‘Choses Virtuelles. Les Objects Matériels Perdus Ou Trouvés Dans Les Études De Transfert Culturel’

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broomans, Pieternella; Andringa, Kim; Harry, Frédérique; Mareuge, Agathe; Terrisse, Bénédicte

    2015-01-01

    Petra Broomans s’attache à deux figures de médiateurs culturels, Constant Jacob Hansen et Philippine Wijsman, pour mettre en lumière le rôle joué par la perte ou la découverte de matériel – concret ou virtuel – dans les études de transfert culturel. L’attention portée au matériel permet de les

  6. O Manicômio Judiciário: saúde ou justiça? The Judiciary Mental Hospital: a question of health or of law?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelin Naked de Castro Sá

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available O Manicômio Judiciário, por ser um hospital-presídio, pode estar subordinado tanto à Secretaria da Saúde como à Justiça. Como elementos de análise dessa decisão, são apresentadas comparações estruturais e de recursos humanos entre o Manicômio Judiciário e a Penitenciária de Araraquara, entre a situação de recursos humanos do Manicômio em 1981 e 1984 e entre os salários de algumas funções de servidores ligados àqueles tipos de instituições. As conclusões apontam a Secretaria da Justiça como a mais adequada para subordinar o Manicômio Judiciário, desde que tomadas algumas medidas de modernização organizacional. É sugerido um quadro de pessoal estruturado percentualmente por subgrupos de funções. As propostas relativas ao pessoal necessitam ser tratadas em leis complementares que garantam, por sua hierarquia, o atendimento das condições excepcionais de trabalho do Manicômio Judiciário.As the Manicômio Judiciário (a Judiciary Mental Health Hospital is a hospital-prison it could be subordinated either to the State Health Department or to the Department of Justice. In order to reach a sound decision regarding this issue, structural and human resource comparisons as between the Manicômio Judiciário on one side and the Araraquara Prison on the other are provided. Comparisons between the status of the human resources of the Manicômio Judiciário in 1981 and 1984 and between the wages earned by workers exercising similar functions and belonging to similar institutions are also presented. The conclusion points to the Department of Justice as the most adequate institution to which the Manicômio Judiciário should be subordinated, provided some up-to-date managerial measures are taken. A personnel chart is suggested, showing percentages of people organized according to subgroups of functions. The proposals regarding personnel must be dealt with by, supplementary laws which guarantee, adequate provision for the

  7. Les représentations mentales du mode de production des produits alimentaires (France Mental representations related to food production modes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marielle Salvador-Perignon

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche se propose d’aborder le mode de production du produit alimentaire sous l’angle des représentations mentales en France. Dans le langage commun on entend souvent les termes « industriel » ou « artisanal » pour caractériser les produits alimentaires, sans que l’on sache vraiment ce que ces termes désignent. Le contexte actuel d’incertitude et de méconnaissance des systèmes de production chez les consommateurs nous permet d’émettre l’hypothèse de l’existence d’une représentation mentale du mode de production. Nous tentons de vérifier cette hypothèse par une étude qualitative à l’issue de laquelle les premières caractéristiques du produit alimentaire industriel ou artisanal sont précisées.This research approaches the food product through the mental representations concerning manufacturing processes. In the common language we often find such terms as “industrial” or “traditional” to qualify production methods and characterize food products, but do we know what these terms really mean? Uncertainties and misunderstandings regarding food production enable us to highlight the existence of consumers’ mental representations regarding manufacturing processes. Such representations have been studied by means of a qualitative study which enabled us to define the primary characteristics of industrial or traditional food products.

  8. Multivariate supOU processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole Eiler; Stelzer, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Univariate superpositions of Ornstein–Uhlenbeck-type processes (OU), called supOU processes, provide a class of continuous time processes capable of exhibiting long memory behavior. This paper introduces multivariate supOU processes and gives conditions for their existence and finiteness of moments....... Moreover, the second-order moment structure is explicitly calculated, and examples exhibit the possibility of long-range dependence. Our supOU processes are defined via homogeneous and factorizable Lévy bases. We show that the behavior of supOU processes is particularly nice when the mean reversion...... parameter is restricted to normal matrices and especially to strictly negative definite ones. For finite variation Lévy bases we are able to give conditions for supOU processes to have locally bounded càdlàg paths of finite variation and to show an analogue of the stochastic differential equation of OU...

  9. Moudre ou faire bouillir ?

    OpenAIRE

    Rowlands, Mike; Fuller, Dorian Q.

    2012-01-01

    Moudre ou faire bouillir ? Nourrir les corps et les esprits dans des traditions culinaires et sacrificielles en Asie de l’Ouest, de l’Est et du Sud. Les techniques de préparation alimentaire révélées par l’archéologie pour les différentes régions d’Eurasie, incluant l’utilisation des céramiques, des meules et des plantes domestiques, mettent en évidence des situations contrastées. En Asie de l’Ouest, la mouture, la fabrication du pain et les soles de cuisson en aires ouvertes pour le rôtissag...

  10. Menopausa ou Menopausas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkis Trench

    Full Text Available Na vida das mulheres existem marcos concretos e objetivos que sinalizam diferentes fases ou passagens de suas vidas, tais como a menarca, o rompimento do hímen, a última menstruação. São marcos visíveis no corpo físico e cada cultura os investe de sua rubrica. Na nossa cultura, historicamente, associam-se à menopausa inúmeras afecções (físicas e psíquicas. A partir do trabalho de Robert Wilson, publicado no livro Eternamente Feminina (1966, a menopausa adquire o estatuto de doença e a sua prevenção, tratamento e cura vinculam-se à terapia de reposição hormonal (TRH. Os diferentes discursos que circulam sobre a menopausa em nossa cultura não só contribuem para que tal associação seja mantida, como partem do pressuposto que as questões relacionadas à menopausa e envelhecimentos se apresentam igualitariamente às mulheres, independentemente de sua condição física, psíquica, social, econômica e cultural. O estudo tem como objetivo abordar alguns aspectos da construção da menopausa em nossa cultura e simultaneamente mostrar o quanto este evento deve ser percebido em seu caráter particular e relativo, e não como sendo da ordem do universal ou padronizado.

  11. Multivariate supOU processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole Eiler; Stelzer, Robert

    Univariate superpositions of Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (OU) type processes, called supOU processes, provide a class of continuous time processes capable of exhibiting long memory behaviour. This paper introduces multivariate supOU processes and gives conditions for their existence and finiteness...... of moments. Moreover, the second order moment structure is explicitly calculated, and examples exhibit the possibility of long range dependence. Our supOU processes are defined via homogeneous and factorisable Lévy bases. We show that the behaviour of supOU processes is particularly nice when the mean...... reversion parameter is restricted to normal matrices and especially to strictly negative definite ones.For finite variation Lévy bases we are able to give conditions for supOU processes to have locally bounded càdlàg paths of finite variation and to show an analogue of the stochastic differential equation...

  12. Enseigner aux eleves ayant des troubles emotionnels et (ou) des psychopathologies. Elabore pour les eleves ayant des besoins speciaux (Teaching Students with Emotional Disorders and/or Mental Illnesses. Elaborated for Eligible Special Needs Students).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This resource manual, in French, is designed to assist Alberta teachers in the identification and education of students with emotional disorders and/or mental illnesses. It takes a comprehensive look at six emotional disorders. The first section focuses on eating disorders. It describes the characteristics and symptoms of anorexia nervosa, bulimia…

  13. Narratiwiteit en die Ou Testament

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    INLEIDING. Die literêre benadering tot die Ou-Testamentiese narratiewe word algemeen as 'n alternatiewe paradigma in die Bybelwetenskappe aanvaar. Oor die filosofiese uit- gangspunte wat hierdie nuwe paradigma ten grondslag lê, bestaan daar egter nog weinig eenstemmigheid. Heelwat probleme van filosofiese en ...

  14. Impact des changements climatiques sur les écosystèmes alpins : comment les mettre en évidence et les prévoir ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nigel G. Yoccoz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Les écosystèmes alpins vont être grandement influencés par les changements climatiques à venir, mais d’autres facteurs, tels que l’utilisation des terres ou les espèces invasives, pourront aussi jouer un rôle important. Le climat peut influencer les écosystèmes à différents niveaux, et nous en décrivons certains, en mettant l’accent sur les méthodes utilisées et les données disponibles. Le climat peut d’abord modifier la phénologie des espèces, comme la date de floraison des plantes ou la date d’éclosion des insectes. Il peut ensuite affecter directement la démographie des espèces (survie, reproduction, dispersion et donc à terme leur répartition. Il peut enfin agir sur les interactions entre espèces – le couvert neigeux par exemple modifie le succès de certains prédateurs. Une caractéristique des écosystèmes alpins est la présence d’un manteau neigeux important et pourtant l’influence de la neige reste relativement mal connue, en particulier pour des raisons logistiques. Même si nous avons fait des progrès importants dans le développement de modèles prédictifs, surtout pour ce qui est de la répartition des plantes alpines, il reste à mettre en place des réseaux d’observations et d’expériences permettant de mieux tenir compte de la variabilité des écosystèmes alpins et des interactions avec le climat.Alpine ecosystems will be greatly impacted by climatic change, but other factors, such as land use and invasive species, are likely to play an important role too. Climate can influence ecosystems at several levels. We describe some of them, stressing methodological approaches and available data. Climate can modify species phenology, such as flowering date of plants and hatching date in insects. It can also change directly population demography (survival, reproduction, dispersal, and therefore species distribution. Finally it can effect interactions among species –snow cover for example

  15. Retardo mental Mental retardation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio M. Vasconcelos

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Esta revisão aborda as recentes descobertas da neurobiologia do retardo mental, enfatizando os novos recursos da citogenética, das técnicas moleculares e da neurorradiologia para esclarecer o diagnóstico. FONTES DE DADOS: O autor pesquisou o banco de dados MEDLINE da National Library of Medicine utilizando as palavras-chave "mental retardation", "developmental disability", "child" e "adolescent" em diferentes combinações, abrangendo o período de janeiro de 2000 a outubro de 2003. Também foram utilizados os bancos de dados das revistas científicas Pediatrics e New England Journal of Medicine através da palavra-chave "mental retardation". No total, o autor consultou cerca de 1.500 títulos de artigos e 500 resumos, e teve acesso direto a 150 artigos completos pertinentes. Quando oportuno, algumas referências dos artigos consultados também foram consideradas. O site Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man foi utilizado como fonte de informações em genética clínica. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: Em outubro de 2003, o total de síndromes genéticas associadas a retardo mental chegou a 1.149. Considerando-se o conjunto das causas genéticas ou ambientais e congênitas ou adquiridas de retardo mental, a avaliação diagnóstica atual é capaz de esclarecer a etiologia em 50 a 70% dos casos. CONCLUSÕES: O autor sugere uma avaliação diagnóstica do retardo mental em etapas lógicas, visando ao uso racional dos dispendiosos recursos da citogenética, biologia molecular e neuroimagem.OBJECTIVE: This paper describes recent advances in the neurobiology of mental retardation, emphasizing new diagnostic resources provided by cytogenetics, molecular testing, and neuroimaging. SOURCES OF DATA: MEDLINE (January 2000 through October 2003, using the following key words: mental retardation, developmental disability, child, and adolescent. Search of the Pediatrics and New England Journal of Medicine websites using the key word mental retardation. The

  16. Père ou pair? Décalages et ajustements co-énonciatifs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Préneron

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    L’objet de notre analyse dialogique et co-énonciative concerne la forme prise par la relation entre un père et son fi ls au cours d’échanges verbaux. Dans cette dimension relationnelle, nous avons cherché plus particulièrement à éclairer le statut d’énonciateur que chacun octroie à lui-même et à l’autre. Les images qu’un père et un fi ls ont l’un de l’autre et les places qu’ils occupent dans le dialogue sont en partie déterminées par leur statut de père et d’enfant. Ces places ne confi gurent pas un mode relationnel homogène. Au contraire, cet extrait de corpus est frappant par la grande diversité d’attitudes adoptées par le père avec son enfant: tour à tour il lui donne des ordres, des permissions, le réconforte, joue avec lui, lui propose des défi s ou rivalise avec lui. Daniel peut entrer dans le jeu proposé par son père ou s’y opposer, se laisser guider ou refuser, mais aussi être à l’initiative par des demandes ou des jeux. C’est cette diversité que nous tentons de mettre au jour, sachant que certaines séquences se caractérisent plus particulièrement par des décalages entre les interlocuteurs, alors que d’autres conduisent à des ajustements. Si la diversité qui caractérise cet extrait ne saurait être étendue comme caractérisant toute interaction père/enfant, l’analyse qui en est faite peut servir de repère pour l’étude de nouvelles interactions parent/enfant.

  17. Brand(ed) content ou la stratégie du contenu : cadrage pour l’analyse des nouveaux dispositifs publicitaires

    OpenAIRE

    Guellec, Laurence

    2015-01-01

    Le brand(ed) content désigne des opérations publicitaires visant à construire un contenu de marque plutôt qu’à mettre en vedette un produit, dans lesquelles la vidéo en ligne est l’élément clef du dispositif, permettant d’associer de façon interactive les consommateurs à la démarche de promotion. Si le franglicisme « brand content » s’est imposé dans le domaine français, les dénominations de « branded content » ou de « brand entertainment » ont essaimé dans la langue internationale de la publ...

  18. Behaviour of high O/U fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Davies, J.H.; Hoshi, E.V.; Zimmerman, D.L.

    2000-01-01

    Full text: The effect of increased fuel oxygen potential on fuel behaviour has been studied by fabricating and irradiating urania fuel with an average O/U ratio of 2.05. The fuel was fabricated by re-sintering standard urania pellets in a controlled oxygen potential environment and irradiated in a segmented rod bundle in a U.S. BWR. Preirradiation ceramographic characterization of the pellets revealed the well-known Widmanstaetten precipitation of U-409 platelets in the UO 2 matrix. The high O/U fuel pellets were clad in Zircaloy-2 and irradiated to over 20 GWd/MT. Ramp tests were performed in a test reactor and detailed postirradiation examinations of both ramped and nonramped rods have been performed. The cladding inner surface condition, fission gas release and swelling behavior of high O/U fuel have been characterized and compared with standard UO 2 pellets. Although fuel microstructural features in ramp-tested high O/U fuel showed evidence of higher fuel temperatures and/or enhanced transport processes, fission gas release to the fuel rod free space was less than for similarly tested standard UO 2 fuel. However, fuel swelling and cladding strains were significantly greater. In spite of high cladding strains, PCI crack propagation was inhibited in the high O/U fuel I rods. Evidence is presented that the crystallographically oriented etch features often noted in peripheral regions of high burnup fuels are not an indication of higher oxides of uranium. (author)

  19. CRISTOLOGIA: DE CIMA OU DE BAIXO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Dr. J. Galot

    1973-01-01

    Full Text Available "Cristologia de cima", "cristologia de baixo": as duas visões cristológicas revelam um problema essencial de método. Deve-se, na elaboração da cristologia, proceder a partir de Deus ou a partir do homem?

  20. Partage de connaissances ou partage de documents ?

    OpenAIRE

    Kolmayer, Elisabeth; Peyrelong, Marie-France

    1999-01-01

    Les évolutions technologiques et les discours managériaux semblent conduire à une vision "enchantée" de la gestion et du partage des connaissances dans les entreprises. Cette gestion passe de manière "évidente" par l'outil électronique. Or s'interroger sur les supports de connaissance, c'est moins s'interroger sur le passage du papier à l'électronique, que sur l'élaboration de connaissances ou d'informations "collectives", et sur leurs possibilités d'appropriation. Nous nous appuyons pour cel...

  1. Deux types de prédication, avec ou sans sujet: quelques illustrations colombiennes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Toutes les langues ne suivent pas dans leurs énoncés-phrases la division morpho-syntaxique Sujet / Prédicat. Plutôt que d’organiser le contenu de l’énoncé à partir d’une des entités dont on parle, certaines langues partent de ce qui est dit de ces entités, que cela soit appelé prédicat ou relation prédicative ou fonction prédicative, etc... Cette différente perspective se manifeste alors en un schéma de construction qu’on peut appeler “schéma holophrastique”, distinct du schéma “subjectal” ou schéma sujet / prédicat. L’article cherche à mettre à l’épreuve l’intérêt de cette distinction de schémas en en montrant l’usage dans quelques langues amazoniennes dont certaines sont présentées dans ce recueil. On voit que l’opposition entre schémas prédicatifs renvoie à une dimension qui doit être maintenue distincte de l’aspect ou de la voix, même si ces trois dimensions s’entrecroisent constamment. PREDICACIÓN CON SUJETO, PREDICACIÓN SIN SUJETO: EJEMPLOS COLOMBIANOS. No todas las lenguas siguen en sus oraciones la división morfosintáctica Sujeto vs. Predicado. En vez de organizar el contenido de la oración a partir de una de las entidades de las cuales se está hablando, algunas lenguas prefieren partir de lo que se dice de estas entidades, llámese predicado, relación predicativa, función predicativa, etc... Esta diferencia de punto de partida o de perspectiva se manifiesta en un esquema de construcción que llamamos “esquema holofrástico”, bien diferente del esquema sujeto/predicado llamado también “esquema subjetal”. Este artículo trata de poner a prueba el interés de esta oposición de esquemas mostrando su uso en algunas de las lenguas amazónicas, algunas de las cuales hacen parte de este compendio. Se ve por ejemplo que los esquemas predicativos remiten a una dimensión semántica distinta de la del aspecto o de la de la voz aún cuando estas tres dimensiones se entrecruzan

  2. Ensaio de linguagem ou linguagem de ensaio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Duarte

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Este texto é um ensaio de linguagem, ou seja, um ensaio sobre a linguagem. Mas é, também, a investigação da linguagem do ensaio, isto é, do tipo de escrita que entra em jogo na forma de prosa que chamamos de ensaios. Para tanto, ele mobiliza autores como Heidegger e, principalmente, Walter Benjamin, Lukács e Adorno. Todos eles, porém, entram em cena no intuito de ajudar num estudo sobre a importância da linguagem no enfrentamento da situação contemporânea do pensamento, cuja problematização filosófica fica evidente a partir das dificuldades, por exemplo, de escrever uma tese acadêmica tradicional.

  3. Mestre ou aprendiz: faces de um narrador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Antonio Ribas Hauck

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Narrar é, segundo Benjamim, uma forma de intercambiar experiências, e se direcionarmos nosso olhar para o sujeito dessa narrativa, o teremos em duas funções: ora como narrador mestre, ora como narrador aprendiz. Contar estórias é um instrumento útil para evitar o esquecimento e para provocar uma abertura de espaço para a criação. O presente artigo apresenta uma das inúmeras possíveis leituras sobre as estratégias utilizadas por Mia Couto, em Terra sonâmbula, na criação de sujeitos que narram, que contam estórias. Uma busca por esses narradores em trânsito, narradores flutuantes ou nômades. Sujeitos em constante ir e vir, transitando e destransitando entre mundos aparentemente paradoxais, mas que se encontram separados por uma tênue linha, que, a qualquer momento, pode fazer com que mestre e aprendiz troquem de campo e função, ou até mesmo exerçam ambas. Os dois aprendem estórias novas e contam estórias antigas em um ir-evir espaço-temporal. O comportamento desses narradores é marcado por viagens e mutações ininterruptas. Constituinte de uma literatura atravessada por elementos insólitos, em um trabalho minucioso com a linguagem e em constante diálogo com a tradição moçambicana, esse comportamento tornase referencial para a compreensão da história política e cultural do país.Palavras-chave: Narrador; Benjamin; Hibridismo; Oratura; Identidade.

  4. O CONHECIMENTO ORGANIZACIONAL: PRODUTO OU PROCESSO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia de Sá Freire

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetiva compreender como uma empresa pode mapear e identificar com mais precisão e agilidade o conhecimento visto que este é construido na mente humano, bem como gerenciá-lo de maneira a diminuir os riscos da sua transferência e integração entre pessoas, entre sistemas ou entre pessoas e sistemas. Para tal, foi elaborado o estado da arte sobre o termo “conhecimento”, entendendo seus processos com base em uma pesquisa qualitativa mediante revisão sistemática da literatura que levou a um amplo levantamento bibliográfico e documental. Os resultados alcançados por esta pesquisa apresentam a origem e evolução dos significados do termo, descreve o seu processo de construção na mente humana; a epistemologia disciplinar; alcança o posicionamento do conhecimento enquanto ativo organizacional e, finalmente entende o novo conceito conhecimento como um dos elementos intangíveis do capital intelectual, descortinando o caminho para atender ao objetivo deste estudo.

  5. Maternidade e trabalho: direito ou dever?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Almeida Gill

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo pretende investigar a relação maternidade e trabalho entre 1940 e 1949 em Pelotas, levando em conta que a função maternal, na maior parte das vezes, se apresenta à mulher como algo inerente à sua condição humana. Como fonte para esta pesquisa, se lançou mão dos processos da Justiça do Trabalho da Comarca de Pelotas, acervo este salvaguardado pelo Núcleo de Documentação Histórica da Universidade Federal de Pelotas. No intuito de contribuir para uma história das mulheres, foi realizado um levantamento quantitativo, no qual foram escolhidos para investigação somente os dissídios femininos. Sendo assim, se torna relevante analisar como era tratado o trabalho formal e as questões que envolvem a maternidade, entendida como gestação e cuidado com os filhos.

  6. Avaliação de propriedades psicométricas e de resultados da aplicação da versão brasileira do \\'Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview - TRACKING\\' em usuários da Estratégia de Saúde da Família acompanhados com ou sem cuidado colaborativo em saúde mental

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Moscovici

    2013-01-01

    Objetivos: Estudar a confiabilidade e validade de uma versão brasileira dos módulos Episódio Depressivo Maior (EDM) e Transtorno de Ansiedade Generalizado (TAG) do Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview TRACKING (MINI-TRACKING); comparar a evolução de pacientes com diagnóstico de EDM e TAG seguidos por equipes de Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) com acesso ao modelo de Cuidado Colaborativo (CC) em Saúde Mental versus um grupo de pacientes seguidos por equipes sem acesso ao CC. Met...

  7. op weg na 'n komprehensiewe geskiedenis van Ou-Israel

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    wee religieuse redes. Hierdie groep mense (gewoonlik gelowige Chris- tene en Jdde) glo dat die volk Israel deur God uitverkies is en dat God dus in 'n besondere sin in Ou-Israel se geskiedenis gewerk het en hom daarin geopenbaar het. Deur Ou-Israel se geskiedenis te bestudeer kom mens meer van God se openbaring ...

  8. Essay of Modelling water resources management of the Oued Righ ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of the Oued Righ watershed (Algeria) using the WEAP decision support system ... shows a remarkable reduction in water demand and return flows to the river channel Righ. ... Key-words: WEAP, water table, Scenarios, model, ArcGIS ...

  9. Mental Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mental disorders include a wide range of problems, including Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, ... disorders, including schizophrenia There are many causes of mental disorders. Your genes and family history may play ...

  10. Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel and act as ... stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from ...

  11. Mental Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the same time. For example, you may have depression and a substance use disorder. Complications Mental illness is a leading cause of disability. Untreated mental illness can cause severe emotional, behavioral and physical health problems. Complications sometimes linked to mental illness include: ...

  12. Normatividade, tecnicidade e/ou cientificidade da Biblioteconomia

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho Silva, Jonathas Luiz

    2013-01-01

    Este trabalho apresenta como problema uma questão que pode ser discutida a partir da seguinte pergunta: como ocorre o processo de construção da normatividade, da tecnicidade e/ou da cientificidade da Biblioteconomia? Discute também a construção de uma normatividade, tecnicidade e/ou cientificidade da Biblioteconomia, contemplando perspectivas em relação à organização e ao tratamento da informação, fontes, recursos e serviços de informação, práticas profissionais e estudos centrados nos usuári...

  13. Workshop ALOUD 'Onderzoek voor, door en met de OU'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gijselaers, Jérôme; De Groot, Renate

    2015-01-01

    Vraagt u zich wel eens af wat de doorsnee kenmerken zijn van de OU-student? Hoeveel studenten daadwerkelijk starten met de studeren? Wie van deze groep succesvol zijn? En welke verschillen er zitten tussen de faculteiten? En wilt u meedenken over wat voor details we van studenten willen weten voor

  14. Sidi Ali Ou Azza (L4): A New Moroccan Fall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chennaoui Aoudjehane, H.; Agee, C. B.; Aaranson, A.; Bouragaa, A.

    2016-08-01

    Sidi Ali Ou Azza is the latest meteorite fall in Morocco, it occurred on 28 July 2015 very close (about 40 km) to Tissint martian shergottite fall that occurred on 18 July 2011. It's one of the small group of 23 L4 ordinary chondrite falls.

  15. Measurement of natural radioactivity of the leaf Nefza (Oued belif)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fourati Sofiane

    2009-01-01

    Nefza region, specifically Oued Belif, has a unique geological diversity in Tunisia. That's why it was chosen to be a study of natural radioactivity. The results were encouraging and have allowed us to draw conclusions about the origin of the high natural radioactivity found in certain rocks.

  16. Gestion de l’usage d’une nappe par un groupement d’agriculteurs : l’expérience de Bsissi Oued El Akarit en Tunisie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iheb Frija

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available En Afrique du Nord, de nombreux aquifères sont surexploités, principalement du fait d’une agriculture irriguée intensive. Cependant, les politiques publiques qui ont cherché à réguler cet usage se sont montrées jusqu’à maintenant peu efficaces, du fait du manque de moyens et parce que les agriculteurs les considèrent comme peu légitimes. L’article analyse un cas de gestion collective de l’usage des eaux souterraines par les agriculteurs eux-mêmes, dans le cadre d’une association au Sud de la Tunisie. Dans la zone de Bsissi Oued El Akarit, l’administration multipliait dans les années 1990 les procédures de contrôle des puits, conduisant à de nombreux conflits. En 1999, les agriculteurs et l’administration se sont mis d’accord pour qu’un groupement de développement agricole soit créé spécifiquement pour contrôler les puits et forages dans cette zone. Depuis, le groupement a effectivement réussi à mettre en oeuvre un tel contrôle, mais reste toujours fragile financièrement car il ne s’auto-finance pas. Le processus de concertation qui a conduit à ce dispositif de gestion a réussi grâce à : i la posture de l’administration, à la fois ferme en matière d’application des lois en vigueurs, et ouverte à la concertation avec les agriculteurs, et ii aux compétences et à la légitimité des leaders du groupement. Cette expérience montre que, dans certains cas, les agriculteurs peuvent devenir partie prenante d’une cogestion des eaux souterraines pour un usage durable de cette ressource.

  17. Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... well Feeling guilty, worthless, or helpless Thinking about suicide or hurting yourself Other mental health conditions include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and personality disorders. For a good description ...

  18. Voltametric determination of O:U relation in uranium oxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carvalho, F.M.S. de; Abrao, A.

    1988-07-01

    Uranium oxide samples are dissolved in hot concentrated H 3 PO 4 - H 2 SO 4 mixture and the solution diluted with 1M H 2 SO 4 . One aliquot of such solution (A) is used to record the first voltamogram which gives the U(VI) content. To a second aliquot HNO 3 and H 2 O 2 is added to oxidise uranium to the hexavalent state (B) and the second voltamogram is recorded from 0.0 to 0.4 V X SCE. The O:U ratio in the original sample is calculated by the expression: O/U = 2.000 + [U (VI) soln.A/% U(VI) soln. B]. The method provides an accurate means for determining O to U ratios in high-purity uranium dioxide, fuel pellets and a variety of oxides prepared for developmental work on ceramic fuel materials. (author) [pt

  19. The multivariate supOU stochastic volatility model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole; Stelzer, Robert

    Using positive semidefinite supOU (superposition of Ornstein-Uhlenbeck type) processes to describe the volatility, we introduce a multivariate stochastic volatility model for financial data which is capable of modelling long range dependence effects. The finiteness of moments and the second order...... structure of the volatility, the log returns, as well as their "squares" are discussed in detail. Moreover, we give several examples in which long memory effects occur and study how the model as well as the simple Ornstein-Uhlenbeck type stochastic volatility model behave under linear transformations....... In particular, the models are shown to be preserved under invertible linear transformations. Finally, we discuss how (sup)OU stochastic volatility models can be combined with a factor modelling approach....

  20. Afasia global sem hemiparesia: AVC ou transtorno conversivo?

    OpenAIRE

    Negreiros,Daniel Philippi de; Fregni,Felipe; Scalco,Andréia Zavaloni

    2007-01-01

    CONTEXTO: A realização de diagnóstico neurológico e psiquiátrico em ambiente de emergência hospitalar com freqüência é uma tarefa complexa e exige colaboração interdisciplinar. Um dos diagnósticos diferenciais de doenças neurológicas é o transtorno conversivo, cuja característica principal é a presença de sintomas afetando funções motoras ou sensoriais, que sugerem desordem clínica ou neurológica, porém sem doença orgânica subjacente que explique o quadro. RELATO DE CASO: Os autores relatam o...

  1. Photometabolism of Heterocyclic Aromatic Compounds by Rhodopseudomonas palustris OU 11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasikala, C.; Ramana, C. V.; Rao, P. Raghuveer

    1994-01-01

    Rhodopseudomonas palustris OU 11 (ATCC 51186; DSM 7375) isolated from a pond of chemical industry effluent could anaerobically photometabolize heterocyclic aromatic compounds belonging to the pyridine and pyrazine groups only after a period of adaptation on pyrazinoic acid of 5 to 6 weeks. Growth on heterocyclic compounds was light dependent. The effects of various concentrations of heterocyclic compounds on growth suggest that higher concentrations of these compounds inhibit growth and are toxic. PMID:16349307

  2. Um estudo das edições de Ou isto ou aquilo, de Cecília Meireles A study of Cecília Meirelles' Ou isto ou aquilo editions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Sandra de Almeida Ferreira

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Localizar em sua materialidade a obra Ou isto ou aquilo, de Cecília Meireles, em suas edições - 1964; 1969; 1977; 1987; 1990; 2002 -; cotejá-las para compreender as formas pelas quais os textos são apresentados aos seus leitores, em diferentes tempos; e indagar como e por que essas formas são pensadas e concretizadas são desafios deste artigo. Esta pesquisa de cunho exploratório, à luz, principalmente, dos estudos da História Cultural, privilegia, no exame das diferentes edições, as partes externas que envolvem os poemas (o texto propriamente dito e suas ilustrações. Identifica e discute a produção de sentidos e valores ligados à educação do leitor, ao reconhecimento de uma escritora consagrada pela tradição literária, à singularidade da linguagem, à importância de uma prática prazerosa da leitura.This article brings the challenges of locating Cecília Meireles' book Ou isto ou aquilo (Either this or that in its materialness, with considerations on its 1964, 1969, 1977, 1987, 1990 and 2002 editions, as well as comparing these editions in order to understand the forms in which texts are presented to their readers at different times, and questioning how and why these forms are conceived and put into practice. In the light of studies on cultural history, in the analysis of the different editions, this exploratory research prioritizes the external parts that involve poems (the texts themselves and their illustrations. It provides identification and a discussion on the production of senses and values related to readers' education, the recognition of a writer who is consecrated by literary tradition, the uniqueness of the language used, and the importance of pleasant reading practice.

  3. Restauration de Sapho ou Le Chant de Raoul Verlet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie Courtiade

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available L'étude de Sapho ou Le Chant, modèle de fonderie en plâtre élaboré par Raoul Verlet et conservé au Musée d'Angoulême depuis 1926, a permis d'aborder un sujet courant, celui des plâtres fracturés par l'expansion de la corrosion d'armatures internes causée par l'humidité. La principale intervention s'est axée sur le remontage des fragments nécessitant la conception d'une structure de remontage en acier inoxydable. Les interventions  structurelles ont été complétées par des collages simples ou renforcés des fragments de grandes dimensions.The study of Sapho ou Le Chant, a plaster cast foundry created by Raoul Verlet and preserved in the Angoulême Museum since 1926, has allowed to approach a common problematic, that one of split plaster cast by the expansion of steel reinforcements corrosion, caused by high humidity conservation conditions. The main intervention concerned the fragments reconstruction requiring the design and the execution of a stainless steel pedestal. The structural interventions was completed with simple and reinforced stickings of the larger fragments.

  4. TEOLOGIA E ANTROPOLOGIA: ALIANÇA OU CONFLITO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulpiano Várquez Moro

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available A temática da relação entre Teologia e Antropologia (formulada em termos de relação entre dois sabores discursivos e autônomos ou duas ciências é, na teologia católica, um assunto relativamente recente. Como veremos a seguir, essa temática surgiu, ou ao menos explodiu, no início da década de sessenta... O que, a dizer verdade, é muito pouco tempo para consolidar um discurso como o discurso teológico cuja elaboração e amadurecimento são ritmados num compasso de séculos. É por isso que a sinceridade me obrigará a confessar desde o início desta aula dois receios ou duas cautelas em relação ao tema que aqui exporei, Observações preliminares, mas que, pela sua importância, fazem já parte do assunto na medida em que por ele estão determinadas.

  5. Eielson Air Force Base OU-1 baseline risk assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jarvis, M.T.; Jarvis, T.T.; Van Houten, N.C.; Lewis, R.E.

    1993-09-01

    This Baseline Risk Assessment report is the second volume in a set of three volumes for operable Unit 1 (OU-1). The companion documents contain the Remedial Investigation and the Feasibility Study. Operable Unit 1 (OU-1) is one of several groups of hazardous waste sites located at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) near Fairbanks, Alaska. The operable units at Eielson are typically characterized by petroleum, oil, lubricant/solvent contamination, and by the presence of organics floating at the water table. In 1989 and 1990, firms under contract to the Air Force conducted field studies to gather information about the extent of chemical contamination in soil, groundwater, and soil air pore space (soil gas) at the site. This report documents the results of a baseline risk assessment, which uses the 1989 and 1991 site characterization database to quantify the potential human health risk associated with past Base industrial activities in the vicinity of OU-1. Background data collected in 1992 were also used in the preparation of this report

  6. What Is Mental Health?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Myths and Facts Recovery Is Possible What Is Mental Health? Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social ... mental health problems and where to find help . Mental Health and Wellness Positive mental health allows people to: ...

  7. Múltipla autoria: crescimento ou bolha inflacionária?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Rochel de Camargo Jr.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar o aumento do número de autores por artigo em revistas científicas brasileiras de saúde coletiva. MÉTODOS: Foram pesquisados na base de dados LILACS artigos publicados em seis revistas de saúde coletiva e uma revista médica (para comparação, da coleção SciELO, com classificação Qualis, da Capes, igual ou superior a B-1, entre 1999 e 2010. Foram avaliadas a evolução da mediana de números de autores/artigo e a proporção de artigos com mais de quatro autores. Estimou-se a associação entre o triênio de publicação e a presença de quatro ou mais autores por artigo por meio de odds ratio de Mantel-Haenzel, ajustadas para o tipo de revista. RESULTADOS: Houve crescimento da mediana do número de autores e da proporção de artigos com mais de quatro autores para todas as revistas, principalmente no último triênio. As odds ratio para publicação de artigos com quatro autores ou mais, ajustadas para os tipo de revista, foram: segundo triênio: 1,3 (IC95% 1,1;1,4; terceiro triênio: 1,5 (IC95% 1,3;1,8; quarto triênio: 2,39 (IC95% 2,1;2,8. CONCLUSÕES: Periódicos científicos de saúde coletiva têm apresentado aumento no número de autores por artigo ao longo dos anos, independentemente da orientação editorial.

  8. Participação nos Lucros ou Resultados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Felipe Ferreira

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available A participação nos lucros ou resultados é uma forma de remuneração variável, pela qual não há incidência de encargos sociais, além de incentivar o aumento da produtividade, podendo assim ser utilizada pelas empresas como estratégia, para enfrentarem os desafios dinâmicos e competitivos em que atuam. Esta pesquisa caracteriza-se como sendo exploratória, com abordagem qualitativa e tem como objetivo conceituar e explanar as formas pela quais são praticadas a participação nos lucros ou resultados em empresas do setor alimentício em Santa Catarina, que foram escolhidas por meio do critério de acessibilidade e disponibilidade. Dos dados coletados, pode-se verificar que as empresas: COC Alimentos, Moinho Catarinense e Pepsico do Brasil utilizam a participação nos resultados e a Perdigão utiliza a participação mista. A Moinho Catarinense distribui para todos os empregados um salário nominal, como a CDC Alimentos, exceto para os gerentes. A Perdigão beneficia todos os empregados, sendo que 60% da distribuição é pelo lucro líquido e 40% por indicadores de desempenho. A Pepsico do Brasil distribui aos empregados operacionais 50% de um salário nominal e para os empregados da administração central um salário nominal, atrelado ao cumprimento de metas, especificadas no programa de participação nos lucros ou resultados.

  9. Mentalizing animals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasperbauer, Tyler Joshua

    2017-01-01

    Ethicists have tended to treat the psychology of attributing mental states to animals as an entirely separate issue from the moral importance of animals’ mental states. In this paper I bring these two issues together. I argue for two theses, one descriptive and one normative. The descriptive thesis...... holds that ordinary human agents use what are generally called phenomenal mental states (e.g., pain and other emotions) to assign moral considerability to animals. I examine recent empirical research on the attribution of phenomenal states and agential states (e.g., memory and intelligence) to argue...... that phenomenal mental states are the primary factor, psychologically, for judging an animal to be morally considerable. I further argue that, given the role of phenomenal states in assigning moral considerability, certain theories in animal ethics will meet significant psychological resistance. The normative...

  10. Proudhon, science ou métaphysique du travail

    OpenAIRE

    Lecerf , Eric

    2008-01-01

    La philosophie de Proudhon, même si elle trouve son concept essentiel dans la justice, est intégralement une philosophie du travail, non pas que le travail en constitue l'objet unique, mais car c'est en lui que les tensions du réel sont concrètement identifiables. C'est dans sa critique que l'agir humain se donne comme émancipation et/ou aliénation, autrement dit que la dialectique acquiert toute sa justification. La philosophie du travail de Proudhon donnera lieu à deux lectures opposées : c...

  11. Cinematic Orientalism: Bab el Oued City & The Time that Remains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volkan Yücel

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on orientalism as a cinematic paradigm in Islamic imagination. We compare two movies, “Bab el Oued City” (1994 and “The Time That Remains” (2009 that present different cases with regard to orientalism, fundamentalism and gender. We identify basic characters, their agency and roles in the whole setting. Our main argument about the movies, though originating from different contexts and historicity, is that they present somewhat conflicting cases with regard to issues we named above.

  12. Mental Byomdannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Tina Vestermann; Boye, Anne Mette; Borchmann, Inger Haarup

    Formålet med publikationen er at præsentere metoden "Mental byomdannelse". Metoden viser, hvordan man via midlertidig brug af grunde kan undersøge et steds potentialer, tage et område i brug tidligt i en byomdannelsesproces og derved bidrage til at opbygge en ny identitet for området. Mental...... byomdannelse går ud på at skabe bevidsthed om et byudviklingsområde overfor byens borgere, kommende beboere og fremtidige brugere af området allerede mens den fysiske omdannelse er i gang. I publikationen præsenteres en værktøjskasse, som giver redskaber og ideer til, hvordan man kan sætte en mental...... byomdannelsesproces i gang i byens rum. Publikationen udgør en afrapportering fra et støttet forsøgsprojekt hvor metoden ”Mental byomdannelse” er udviklet ved at afprøve ideerne om mental byomdannelse i to cases i Ålborg Kommune, hhv. i Østre Havn og Nibe by. Formålet med at anvende metoden i de to cases har været...

  13. MENTAL HEALTH: ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzdalifah M. Rahman

    2015-02-01

    of mental health, especially mental health needs to be developed with an Islamic perspective various studies and research, especially the development of mental health recovery means Islamic perspective.

  14. Pistola Finca Pinos: ferramenta ou arma de fogo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Grazinoli Garrido

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo pretende analisar a possibilidade de uso da ferramenta denominada “pistola finca pinos”, utilizada na construção civil, como arma de fogo na execução de crimes contra a vida. Serão examinados os tipos, as características e o mecanismo de funcionamento da pistola finca pinos e munição associada, em comparação às características da arma de fogo, com o objetivo de avaliar sua possível aplicação na prática de crime. Serão verificadas as normas regulamentadoras da venda e manuseio dessa ferramenta, assim como a análise de alguns casos de mortes decorrentes do uso da pistola finca pinos e a diagnose diferencial conferida a cada caso: homicídio, suicídio ou acidente.

  15. Renouvellement ou crise de l’imaginaire capitaliste?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfe, Harald

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution met en question l’imaginaire capitaliste : son noyau chez Castoriadis – maîtrise (pseudo- rationnelle, organisation bureaucratique – et ses métamorphoses contemporaines. On a parlé d’un "nouvel esprit du capitalisme" (Boltanski/Chiapello: organisation en réseau, des projets, autonomie relative du travail. Ces mutations de l’idéologie managériale et le développement correspondant de l’institution de l’organisation et du travail signifient-ils un véritable renouvellement de l’imaginaire capitaliste? Ou bien ces changements, avec leurs contradictions et leurs limites, sont-ils, au contraire, l’indice d’une crise profonde de la capacité d’innovation et de mobilisation des significations imaginaires sociales centrales du capitalisme?

  16. Les Ilenti ou maudire son prochain en turc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Altan Gokalp

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available La langue turque contemporaine dispopse d’un nombre important de formules d’invective et de malédiction qui relèvent d’un genre appelé ilenç ou ilenti, forme qui est connue depuis les premières inscriptions turques runiques de la Haute Asie. Bien que l’islam réprouve le fait de maudire son prochain, le genre issu d’une grande tradition turque ancienne est d’un usage commun chez les Turcs. Plus encore, la manière de maudire relève d’une tradition savante, d’un « Grand Parler » qui s’apparente aux genres littéraires les plus classiques comme l’épopée, le conte ou la poésie lyrique : la métrique, les rimes, l’usage des assonances obéissent aux mêmes règles que la grande tradition littéraire turque. En cela, le fait d’user de l’invective et de la malédiction est d’une certaine manière une prétention à la distinction et à la domination de l’autre. Les cibles de l’invective éclairent bien cette volonté de dominer et de détruire son ennemi (le corps, la famille, la maladie, une mort peu digne, etc..

  17. Numériser et mettre en ligne

    CERN Document Server

    Claerr, Thierry

    2010-01-01

    Rendre les collections accessibles en ligne est devenu pour les institutions culturelles, d'enseignement et de recherche, un des défis majeurs du début du XXIe siècle. Les projets sont dès à présent nombreux, et concernent tous les types d'établissements et tous les supports. Mener à bien une opération de numérisation et de mise en ligne requiert un ensemble de repères et de connaissances pour l'organisation et la mise en oeuvre d'un projet de numérisation durable. Donner les clés du domaine en se fondant sur des savoirs pratiques et concrets est l'ambition de cet ouvrage, qui fournit un mode opératoire précis pour chacune des grandes étapes à prendre en compte - de la capture à la conservation numérique, en passant par l'interopérabilité, le référencement, et en intégrant l'environnement juridique et réglementaire. Coordonné par Thierry Claerr et Isabelle Westeel, spécialistes du sujet et responsables de formations sur la numérisation et la création de bibliothèques numériques,...

  18. Mental health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lagerveld, S.; Houtman, I.L.D.

    2014-01-01

    The article will describe factors of influence on return to work RTW and evidence-based interventions that enhance return to work (RTW) after sick leave due to common mental health disorders (CMD). First the concepts of both RTW and CMD are outlined. Second, the sense of urgency for effective RTW

  19. Control mental

    OpenAIRE

    Bueno i Torrens, David, 1965-

    2013-01-01

    La revista especialitzada NeuroReport ha publicat un article que m'ha aportat nous elements de reflexió sobre els mecanismes neurals de control mental que, de forma innata, realitzem les persones com a part de la nostra vida social.

  20. Caractéristiques hydro chimiques des eaux de l'oued Seybouse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elle est à dominance domestique dans la majorité des points analysés, d'origine agroalimentaire au niveau de l'Oued Seybouse (Bentabouche) traduisant ainsi une meilleure biodégradabilité et enfin d'origine industrielle au niveau de l'Oued Maiz. Les eaux de l'Oued Seybouse et ses affluents présentent une qualité ...

  1. Videogame: é do bem ou do mal? Como orientar pais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Alves

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde a década de 70 milhares de crianças, adolescentes e adultos praticam jogos de computador ou videogame. O objetivo deste artigo foi identificar os efeitos deste artefato tecnológico para a cognição, sua aplicabilidade e sua influência sobre o comportamento e a saúde do jogador e, desta forma, delinear orientações para pais e profissionais de saúde que lidam com crianças e adolescentes. Na primeira parte do artigo são apresentados alguns efeitos negativos e positivos dos jogos; na segunda é proposto um conjunto de orientações que podem tornar a brincadeira mais segura; e na última parte, as considerações finais. Concluiu-se que o videogame é uma ferramenta capaz de aperfeiçoar as habilidades cognitivas e perceptivas, sendo os jogos educacionais apontados como uma experiência benéfica aos seus usuários, e que as repercussões negativas se referem, principalmente, ao efeito daqueles com conteúdo de violência.

  2. Kubrick com Foucault ou O Desvio do Panoptismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Capeller

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O panoptismo - um conceito fundamental para a compreensão da formação e do funcionamento das sociedades disciplinares ocidentais a partir dos séculos XVII-XVIII - apareceu em meados dos anos 70 nas análises empreendidas por Michel Foucault, em Vigiar e Punir, de um dispositivo carcerário setecentista então pouco estudado - o panopticum de Jeremy Bentham. Este artigo procede a uma releitura da teoria foucaultiana do panoptismo em que a crítica do dispositivo panóptico é retomada a partir do filme A Laranja Mecânica de Stanley Kubrick, enfatizando metodologicamente a relevância da ficção-científica, como um gênero,  na elaboração teórica das passagens e processos de transição que podemos observar entre as já conhecidas e estudadas formas disciplinares de sociedade e uma possível, ou suposta, sociedade porvir do controle. 

  3. Modelling soil salinity in Oued El Abid watershed, Morocco

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mouatassime Sabri, El; Boukdir, Ahmed; Karaoui, Ismail; Arioua, Abdelkrim; Messlouhi, Rachid; El Amrani Idrissi, Abdelkhalek

    2018-05-01

    Soil salinisation is a phenomenon considered to be a real threat to natural resources in semi-arid climates. The phenomenon is controlled by soil (texture, depth, slope etc.), anthropogenic factors (drainage system, irrigation, crops types, etc.), and climate factors. This study was conducted in the watershed of Oued El Abid in the region of Beni Mellal-Khenifra, aimed at localising saline soil using remote sensing and a regression model. The spectral indices were extracted from Landsat imagery (30 m resolution). A linear correlation of electrical conductivity, which was calculated based on soil samples (ECs), and the values extracted based on spectral bands showed a high accuracy with an R2 (Root square) of 0.80. This study proposes a new spectral salinity index using Landsat bands B1 and B4. This hydro-chemical and statistical study, based on a yearlong survey, showed a moderate amount of salinity, which threatens dam water quality. The results present an improved ability to use remote sensing and regression model integration to detect soil salinity with high accuracy and low cost, and permit intervention at an early stage of salinisation.

  4. Qualidade de vida, ponto de partida ou resultado final?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alby Duarte Rocha

    Full Text Available O que é qualidade de vida e o quanto podemos medir dela? Pensa-se em qualidade de vida como resultado das políticas públicas e desenvolvimento de uma sociedade, onde os determinantes socioambientais se manifestam como atributo de seus atores. Ao mesmo tempo, pode-se entender esta idéia no outro extremo da análise, a partir da percepção de uma população protagonista de sua realidade, do que vem a ser qualidade de vida segundo ela mesma. Partindo-se dos aspectos conceituais de qualidade de vida, passou-se a adotar os conceitos de diferenciais intra-urbanos como a melhor maneira de caracterizar os desajustes e as desigualdades urbanas, para assim entender os componentes da iniqüidade desse meio. A primeira iniciativa marcou a utilização do método genebrino ou distancial. Hoje, já na segunda versão desse método, incorporou-se a esse contexto outras metodologias que possibilitam maior consistência de análise para ampliar a validade dessas medições. Soma-se a esse contexto, a análise de cluster e o Sistema de Informações Geográficas, tanto no cenário intra-urbano, quanto intermunicipal.

  5. I Replicanti: culti abusanti e tecniche di manipolazione mentale / Les Répliquants : cultes destructifs et techniques de manipulation mentale / “Replicants”: destructive cults and mechanisms of mental manipulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santovecchi P.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Potenzialmente, tutti possiamo essere condizionati o condizionabili. È indubbio che ognuno di noi sia soggetto all’influenza di molti fattori: il luogo in cui nasciamo, la nostra famiglia di origine, le amicizie, la scuola, le esperienze di vita, senza sottovalutare i media e le varie mode e tendenze. Tutto contribuisce a plasmare la nostra identità e fare di noi ciò che siamo quanto a modo di pensare e di agire. Esiste però una tecnica ben più forte e subdola di condizionamento messa in atto, nel corso degli ultimi decenni, da culti che studiosi e osservatori non hanno esitato a definire “distruttivi”. Sono culti che aspirano al controllo completo della persona e delle sue risorse dai quali potremo proteggerci solo conoscendone a fondo i procedimenti. Mettere in chiaro i meccanismi del condizionamento mentale significa, quindi, cercare le radici ultime di ogni convivenza “civile”, risalire alle fonti stesse di ogni contratto sociale. Significa anche sondare i confini tra razionalità ed emozioni, tra meccanicismi cognitivi da tutti condivisi e particolari opinioni di un gruppo. Da qui la necessità di un’informazione specifica su come sia possibile influenzare le persone attraverso “processi condizionanti”. Potentiellement, nous pouvons tous être conditionnés ou objet de conditionnement. Il est indubitable que chacun de nous est soumis à l'influence de plusieurs facteurs : le lieu de naissance, la famille d'origine, les amitiés, l'école, les expériences de vie, sans sous-estimer l’influence des médias et des différentes modes et tendances. Tout contribue à modeler notre identité et à faire de nous ce que nous sommes, en termes de manières de penser et d'agir. Il existe cependant une technique bien plus forte et sournoise de conditionnement, mise en place, au cours des dernières décennies, par certains cultes que les spécialistes n’ont pas hésité à définir comme « destructifs » . Il s’agit de

  6. La métaphore, une question de vie ou de mort ?

    OpenAIRE

    Landheer, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    1. Introduction : métaphore et ambiguïtéEst-ce qu’il y a une relation essentielle entre la métaphore et l’ambiguïté ? Voilà la principale question à laquelle nous tâcherons de donner une réponse dans ce travail. Et du même coup nous nous proposons de re­mettre en cause a) la définition à notre sens un peu trop restrictive de l’ambiguïté donnée par Catherine Fuchs (1996) et b) la pertinence de la distinction traditionnelle entre métaphore vive et métaphore morte. 1.1. L’ambiguïtéEssayons d’abo...

  7. O paradoxo sublime ou a alforria da arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgínia Figueiredo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto, pretendo analisar a tese principal do ensaio “A verdade sublime” de Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, a qual poderia ser formulada do seguinte modo: a verdade sublime é o Ereignis, esse é o fundamento a partir do qual se desenvolveu uma dificílima operação que consistiu em modificar a tradição do sublime sempre apresentado negativamente naquilo que Lacoue-Labarthe chamou de "compreensão afirmativa do sublime ou da grande arte". O autor estabelece uma astuciosa aliança entre o que há de mais radical no pensamento de Heidegger e o sublime, tratado de maneira bastante polêmica, como a principal teoria da arte de Kant. Dessa articulação fundamental, pode-se concluir que ele não está apenas à procura de uma “Estética” (sequer de uma “Teoria da Arte” sublime, mas, em busca de algo que é muito mais ambicioso, a saber: de um pensamento do sublime. Portanto, na minha opinião, o ensaio lacouelabarthiano constitui, por um lado, uma referência indispensável não só a quem quer que pretenda estudar a tradição do sublime, mas, por outro, compreender o pensamento heideggeriano sobre a arte e sua tentativa de encontrar uma determinação mais essencial e, sobretudo, ousaria dizer, mais política da arte.

  8. Développement territorial autonome ou assisté

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaël Lagadec

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available L'économie calédonienne est emplie de contradictions : retard de développement, protectionnisme sans TVA, émancipation politique (Accord de Nouméa mais faible taux de couverture et importants transferts de la métropole… Cet article analyse, d'un point de vue fiscal, la soutenabilité du système néo-calédonien actuel : comment peut-il perdurer sans crise structurelle ? Quelle réforme fiscale proposer ? La section 1 justifie la réforme. La section 2 décrit le système économico-commercial calédonien. La section 3 présente les principes de la TVA ; la section 4 ceux de la TVA sociale. La section 5 analyse la substitution d'une fiscalité douanière par une TVA fiscale ou sociale.New-Caledonia's economy concentrates many contradictions: under development, protectionism, no VAT, political emancipation but high financial transfers from France… This paper analyses, from a taxation point of view, the sustainability of the current New-Caledonian economic system: how could this system persist without any structural crisis? Which tax reform should be proposed? The section 1 explains why tax reform is necessary. The section 2 describes New-Caledonia's economic and commercial system. The sections 3 and 4 present the principles of the VAT and of the social VAT. The section 5 analyses the opportunity to change New-Caledonia's customs tax for a VAT or a social VAT.

  9. Higiene mental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Gomez Pinzón

    1940-08-01

    Full Text Available El número cada día mayor de enfermos mentales, que hace “contraste con  la evidente disminución de enfermedades infecto-contagiosas, -lograda a favor de los modernos métodos de curación y profilaxis- es un hecho que está siendo comprobado “en todos los países civilizados y que constituye motivo de justificada alarma para cuantos se preocupan por cuestiones del orden biológico y social”

  10. Common Mental Health Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stock, Susan R.; Levine, Heidi

    2016-01-01

    This chapter provides an overview of common student mental health issues and approaches for student affairs practitioners who are working with students with mental illness, and ways to support the overall mental health of students on campus.

  11. Mental Labels and Tattoos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyatt, I. Ralph

    1977-01-01

    Discusses the ease with which mental labels become imprinted in our system, six basic axioms for maintaining negative mental tattoos, and psychological processes for eliminating mental tattoos and labels. (RK)

  12. Mental Illness Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News & Events About Us Home > Health Information Share Statistics Research shows that mental illnesses are common in ... of mental illnesses, such as suicide and disability. Statistics Top ı cs Mental Illness Any Anxiety Disorder ...

  13. MENTAL HEALTH: ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

    OpenAIRE

    Muzdalifah M. Rahman

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to explain the concept of mental health perspective Contemporary Psychology, describes the mental health of an Islamic perspective and describes how mental health recovery. The theory used is the concept of mental health perspective Contemporary Psychology, and the concept of mental health perspective Islamic Psychology Writing is writing method using qualitative research methods. Mental health is avoiding an Islamic perspective of all symptoms, complaints and...

  14. Publicar ou Perecer: a Esfinge do produtivismo acadêmico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janete Luzia Leite

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da reestruturação das condições e processos de trabalho dos professores no ensino superior hodiernamente, que introduz a lógica gerencial nas atividades docentes. Mostra como esta nova lógica adoece o professor física e mentalmente. Para tanto, analisa as últimas transformações no mundo do trabalho e como estas influenciaram diretamente a Reforma Universitária empreendida pelos governos do Partido dos Trabalhadores. Investiga também o atendimento existente nas universidades públicas brasileiras (2016, bem como entrevista docentes de vários cursos e universidades (2015-2016 a respeito das transformações ocorridas no seu labor. O resultado demonstra que a intensificação e precarização estão presentes em todo o trabalho acadêmico atualmente e que os professores têm consciência de que seu trabalho, hoje, passou a ser a fonte de agravos à saúde física e mental. Entretanto, recusam-se a procurar auxílio, para não serem estigmatizados por não suportarem as novas formas do trabalho docente nas universidades.

  15. Hier, ou comment transmettre les héritages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilyn Randall

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans ce roman-énigme, les héritages rompus et à transmettre sont d’abord celui des générations, surtout entre la mère et la fille, mais plus globalement celui du passé de l’humanité, les deux étant évoqués sous le signe de la rupture, de la perte et de l’oubli, d’où la nécessité d’un travail de transmission qui obsède les personnages du roman. C’est dans un « nous » à la fois énigmatique et indéterminé que se confondent le passé, le présent et le futur, la vie et la mort, la fiction et le réel, et la mémoire comme héritage rompu mais à restaurer. Qu’il s’agisse d’une mère et d’une fille disparue, des ruines du passé et du présent, ou du désir d’un Descartes agonissant de revoir sa fille décédée, le roman ne cesse de souligner la continuité du passé, du présent et de l’avenir. Et au fond de tout, il y a, comme toujours chez Brossard, la centralité de l’écriture et de la fiction comme première modalité de la transmission des héritages. L’expérimentation formelle, ici présente surtout dans la structure narrative du roman, est intimement liée à cette volonté de transmission : loin de bafouer l’héritage du passé philosophique, intellectuel et littéraire, l’inscription de cet héritage dans des formes nouvelles et souvent difficiles dans leur nouveauté donne à ce passé une forme et un sens nouveaux. In this enigmatic novel, the characters are obsessed with a series of interrupted lines of filiation and heritage that they seek to restore: at first between generations, especially between mother and daughter, and then more globally those of humanity’s past. Both personal and universal heritages are figured as rupture, loss and forgetting, fuelling the characters’ obsessive need to re-establish means of transmitting the past. An enigmatic and indeterminate “we” englobes the past, present and future, life and death, fiction and reality, and the memory of the

  16. Potentialisation de l'efficacite insecticide des poudres de feuilles ou ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Potentialisation de l'efficacite insecticide des poudres de feuilles ou amandes de neemier Azadirachta indica A . Juss par formulation avec la cendre de tiges de mil contre Sitophilus zeamais motsch. Et Sitophilus oryzae L. (Coleoptera : Curc.

  17. Latino Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How Do Mental Health Conditions Affect the Latino Community? Common mental health disorders among Latinos are generalized anxiety disorder , major ... quality care. Lack of Information and Misunderstanding about Mental Health Overall, the Latino community does not talk about mental health issues. There ...

  18. Complications du traitement traditionnel des fractures : à propos de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction : La médecine moderne, comme celle traditionnelle, concourt au rétablissement du bien être physique, mental et social. Au Sénégal comme ailleurs ces deux médecines se pratiquent à tous les niveaux. Faut-il établir un rapport de nécessité entre les deux ou mettre une nette séparation ; chacune évoluant pour ...

  19. Au fil du temps (1976 ou la loi du seuil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Singer

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Ayant choisi de vivre dans un camion, les héros d’Au fil du temps (film de Wim Wenders de 1976 font du seuil une expérience particulière. Celle de la rupture avec toute idée de foyer et celle du refus d’appartenance à la terre natale, cette terre allemande traversée par une frontière le long de laquelle ils vont voyager, et qui les renvoie à chaque instant aux traumatismes de l’Histoire. Sur le pare-brise du camion, l’extérieur (campagnes indifférenciées, villes à l’abandon… et l’intérieur se superposent. Au fil du temps questionne le paysage : il s’agit d’en décoller un à un les mythes qui le recouvrent. L’image alors n’est plus surface mais volume à traverser, à lacérer et découvrir ce qui est tissé dans le paysage. La démarche de Wenders est alors proche de celle d’un de ses contemporains : Anselm Kiefer. Le paysage allemand provoque le rejet parce qu’il y a là toujours plus que le visible : des strates et des strates de culpabilité que le mythe - et c’est sa fonction - a recouvert. Et qu’il s’agira ici, de soulever. Le choix du nomadisme, c’est celui d’un état de l’humanité antérieur à l’idée de patrie. Et c’est aussi celui de la solitude, comme prix à payer à ce refus d’appartenance et à cette mise à jour des mythes. L’appartenance à la terre allemande et à son Histoire est profondément problématique parce que les pères sont fondamentalement coupables. On se reconnaîtra alors des pères de substitution : des pères de cinéma (Nicholas Ray ou Fritz Lang. Et l’on substituera l’Histoire du cinéma à l’Histoire. Bruno est réparateur ambulant de projecteurs et Au fil du temps dressera, au gré de ses pérégrinations, un état des lieux du cinéma allemand des années soixante-dix : déliquescent, colonisé par les images hollywoodiennes. Il faut que cela change : état du cinéma ; état des protagonistes solitaires en quête d’une identit

  20. Mental kontroll under prestasjoner

    OpenAIRE

    Egeland, Helge

    2010-01-01

    Mental control in a performance setting was examined based on the theory of ironic processes (Wegner, 1994). The theory of ironic processes argues that attempted mental control can result in intentional or ironic effects. According to the theory, the outcome of mental control is mediated by (a) mental load, (b) concentration and suppression strategies, and (c) learning. These hypotheses were examined by reviewing research related to mental control in a performance setting. This...

  1. Autogestion des troubles de l'humeur et/ou d'anxiété par l'activité physique et l'exercice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Pelletier

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : L'activité physique et l'exercice constituent une stratégie d'autogestion importante pour les personnes vivant avec une maladie mentale. Cette étude visait à caractériser à la fois les personnes atteintes d'un trouble de l'humeur et/ou d'anxiété qui faisaient de l'exercice ou de l'activité physique pour aider à gérer leur trouble et celles qui n'en faisaient pas, ainsi qu'à identifier les facteurs facilitant l'activité physique et l'exercice et ceux constituant un obstacle. Méthodologie : L'Enquête sur les personnes ayant une maladie chronique au Canada - Composante des troubles de l'humeur et/ou d'anxiété de 2014 a été utilisée pour cette étude. Les répondants (n = 2 678 ont été classés en fonction de la fréquence à laquelle ils faisaient de l'exercice : (1 aucun exercice, (2 exercice une à trois fois par semaine et (3 exercice quatre fois ou plus par semaine. Nous avons procédé à des analyses descriptives et de régression logistique multinomiale. Nous avons pondéré toutes les estimations afin que les données soient représentatives de la population canadienne adulte vivant en logement privé dans l'une des 10 provinces et ayant déclaré avoir reçu un diagnostic de troubles de l'humeur et/ou d'anxiété. Résultats : Sur l'ensemble des Canadiens affectés, 51,0 % ne faisaient aucun exercice pour aider à gérer leur trouble de l'humeur et/ou d'anxiété, 23,8 % en faisaient d'une à trois fois par semaine et 25,3 % en faisaient quatre fois ou plus par semaine. On a établi un lien entre, d'une part, un âge plus avancé, des niveaux de scolarité plus bas et une suffisance de revenu du ménage plus faible et, d'autre part, une fréquence plus importante de l'inactivité. Les individus vivant avec un trouble de l'humeur (avec ou sans anxiété et ceux avec des comorbidités physiques étaient moins susceptibles de faire régulièrement de l'exercice. Les recommandations d'un médecin ou d

  2. Saúde mental: reconstruindo saberes em enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Bezerra de Oliveira

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available O manicômio, apesar de criticado, reformado ou mesmo negado, ainda é uma prática preponderante no cuidado às pessoas com transtornos mentais. Tal prática tem como princípio básico o isolamento do doente mental, contrariando todas as possibilidades de assistência centrada num humanismo ético. Este ensaio procura interpretar a institucionalização do asilo, da psiquiatria, da doença mental e o processo da reforma psiquiátrica, buscando contribuir para as reflexões acerca da desinstitucionalização e dos saberes e práticas de enfermagem em saúde mental.

  3. Inhibition: Mental Control Process or Mental Resource?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im-Bolter, Nancie; Johnson, Janice; Ling, Daphne; Pascual-Leone, Juan

    2015-01-01

    The current study tested 2 models of inhibition in 45 children with language impairment and 45 children with normally developing language; children were aged 7 to 12 years. Of interest was whether a model of inhibition as a mental-control process (i.e., executive function) or as a mental resource would more accurately reflect the relations among…

  4. International Student Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto-Welch, Susan L.

    2016-01-01

    This chapter describes the mental health status of international students in institutions of higher education, unique challenges these students face and their impact on mental health, and suggestions for ways to address these challenges.

  5. Mental Health Screening Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Releases & Announcements Public Service Announcements Partnering with DBSA Mental Health Screening Center These online screening tools are not ... you have any concerns, see your doctor or mental health professional. Depression Screening for Adult Depression Screening for ...

  6. Mental toughness in soccer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diment, Gregory Michael

    2014-01-01

    a systematic observation checklist of mental toughness behavior in professional soccer. Consistent with existing studies, the results created a systematic observation instrument containing 15 mental toughness behaviors. Practical implications include goal-setting, game analysis and self-modeling interventions...

  7. Malaysian mental health law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Nusrat N; Yahya, Badi'ah; Abu Bakar, Abd Kadir; Ho, Roger C

    2015-05-01

    The Malaysian Mental Health Act 2001 did not come into effect until the Mental Health Regulations 2010 came into force. The Act provides a framework for the delivery of comprehensive care, treatment, control, protection and rehabilitation of those with mental disorders. The Act governs the establishment of private and government psychiatric hospitals, psychiatric nursing homes and community mental health centres. This paper outlines the provisions of the Act and the Regulations.

  8. Comparison of Potentiometric and Gravimetric Methods for Determination of O/U Ratio

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farida; Windaryati, L; Putro Kasino, P

    1998-01-01

    Comparison of determination O/U ratio by using potentiometric and gravimetric methods has been done. Those methods are simple, economical and having high precision and accuracy. Determination O/U ratio for UO 2 powder using potentiometric is carried out by adopting the davies-gray method. This technique is based on the redox reaction of uranium species such as U(IV) and U(VI). In gravimetric method,the UO 2 power as a sample is calcined at temperature of 900 C, and the weight of the sample is measured after calcination process. The t-student test show that there are no different result significantly between those methods. However, for low concentration in the sample the potentiometric method has a highed precision and accuracy compare to the gravimetric method. O/U ratio obtained is 2.00768 ± 0,00170 for potentiometric method 2.01089 ± 0,02395 for gravimetric method

  9. Mental Health and African Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Mental Health Mental Health and African Americans Poverty level affects mental health ... compared to 120% of non-Hispanic whites. 1 MENTAL HEALTH STATUS Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years ...

  10. Nutrition and Mental Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Zena; And Others

    1972-01-01

    Prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine of 1944-45 had no detectable effects on the adult mental performance of surviving male offspring; birth weight was not related to mental performance; and the association of social class with mental performance was strong. (AL)

  11. POSIÇÃO DO CÓDIGO PENAL NOS CRIMES COMETIDOS POR ASSASSINOS EM SÉRIE, CONSIDERANDO, OU NÃO, SUA PSICOPATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Carolina Amaral Souza

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Atualmente, o assunto “serial killers” tem tomado conta de muitas séries de televisão, filmes e reportagens. Contudo, as informações sobre este tema apresentam equívocos e imperfeições. Este artigo visa, por um lado, caracterizar este grupo, diferenciando um psicopata de um psicótico. Por outro lado, discute sobre a aplicação de pena privativa de liberdade ou medida de segurança (Título V - art. 33 ao 42 e art. 96 ao 99, respectivamente, do Código Penal - Decreto-lei nº 2.848/1940, a partir do momento em que há conhecimento do estado de saúde mental do indivíduo acusado de ser um “serial killer”.

  12. Arte ou artefato? Agência e significado nas artes indígenas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Els Lagrou

    2016-11-01

    Um outro aspecto interessante, que sobressai nas duas contribuições, é a inter-relação entre a Antropologia da arte e Antropologia das coisas ou objetos. Pensar práticas e objetos artísticos sob a perspectiva antropológica significa desvendar relações sociais e intencionalidades neles condensados ou por eles transmitidos – ponto que, coincidentemente, está presente em outras seções desse número da Proa, inclusive na Galeria

  13. Mental Health and Mental Disorder Recommendation Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruchiwit, Manyat

    2017-12-01

    The characteristic differences among the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) countries in terms of trade and investment, society and cultural values, medical information and technology, and the living and working environment have become major health problems in terms of mental disorders. The purpose of this article is to identify the gaps in those aspects, to propose mental health and mental disorder recommendation programs, and to recommend policies for policy makers and research investors. A comparative analysis and literature review of existing policy, including overviews of previous research were used to generate a synthesis of the existing knowledge of the mental health and mental disorder recommendation programs. The review results recommend mental health and mental disorder programs for policy makers, research investors, and stakeholders in order to strengthen the directions for implementing these programs in the future. The healthcare provision in each country will not be limited only to its citizens; the healthcare markets and target groups are likely to expand to the neighboring countries in the context of changes in domestic and international factors, which have both positive and negative impacts according to the political, economic, and social situations of the influencing countries.

  14. Effets des extraits ou de la poudre de Spirulina platensis et Jatropha ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 juin 2015 ... générale, les extraits ou la poudre de Spirulina platensis ont eu des ... Mots clés: Biostimulant, croissance, Spirulina platensis, Jatropha curcas, Solanum lycopersicum .... Le test de ..... in antioxidant metabolites, enzymes, and.

  15. Le SIPAZ, ou journalisme pour la paix en Colombie | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    15 juil. 2011 ... À la suite de ces attaques contre le milieu social et culturel du pays, un groupe ... le SIPAZ — Sistema de Comunicación para la Paz (ou Système de ... ont établi des directives pour la gestion des nouvelles dans un guide de ...

  16. osteomyelite atypique ou centrale de la base du crane d'origine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    à une infection des sinus paranasaux, à un traumatisme crâ- nien ou à une ... Les complications graves comme l'ostéomyélite devraient se produire plus .... crâniens. CONCLUSION. L'ostéomyélite d'origine sinusienne est une pathologie rare.

  17. Determination of the O/U ratio in uranium dioxide pellets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuvik, V.; Krtil, J.; Moravec, A.

    1982-01-01

    The potentiometric titration method for the determination of the O/U ratio in pellets is verified. The sample is dissolved in purified conc. phosphoric acid at increased pressure and temperature under argon atmosphere. U(VI) content is determined by bipotentiometric titration with ferrous ions. An automated recording of titration curves is performed. The precision and the accuracy of analysis are estimated. (author)

  18. Systèmes d'information sanitaire ou santé sexuelle et reproductive ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 mai 2017 ... Systèmes d'information sanitaire ou santé sexuelle et reproductive des adolescents en Afrique de l'Ouest. Appel. Propositions. Programme(s) ... Sujet(s). Systèmes de santé, ADOLESCENTS, SANTÉ REPRODUCTIVE, DROITS EN MATIERE DE PROCREATION. Durée. 36 à 48 mois. Financée par. CRDI ...

  19. Resenha de: Le "Peso Politico de Todo el Mundo" d'Anthony Sherley ou Un

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eurípedes Simões de Paula

    1963-09-01

    Full Text Available FLORES (Xavier A.. — Le "Peso Politico de Todo el Mundo" d'An-thony Sherley ou Un Aventurier au Service de I'Espagne. École Pratique des Hautes Études. VIe section. Centre de Recherches Historiques. Paris. S.E.V.P.E.N. Collection "Bi-bliothèque générale". 1963.

  20. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  1. Homens gays com deficiência congénita e/ou adquirida, física e/ou sensorial: duplo-fardo social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica José Abreu Sousa

    Full Text Available O estudo apresentado, de natureza qualitativa e exploratória, enquadra-se na linha de trabalhos que procuram contribuir, através da fenomenologia, para a compreensão da perspectiva única de homens gays com deficiência congénita e/ou adquirida, física e/ou sensorial, no que concerne às vivências inerentes à deficiência física, bem como à sua orientação sexual. Nesse sentido, recorrendo a uma entrevista semiestruturada, o presente estudo procurou, através da descrição detalhada das experiências pessoais de dois participantes, compreender os seus valores, as suas crenças, as suas representações, as suas atitudes e opiniões, assim como as suas referências normativas. Entre outras conclusões, ressaltamos que, para além de as experiências de dupla discriminação serem relatadas de forma central pelos participantes, verifica-se, de igual modo, a emergência de significados existenciais alternativos que lhes possibilitem alcançar as suas expectativas quanto à vivência da homossexualidade e da sexualidade.

  2. Mental Pain and Suicide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verrocchio, Maria Cristina; Carrozzino, Danilo; Marchetti, Daniela

    2016-01-01

    ideation than depression. Conclusion: Mental pain is a core clinical factor for understanding suicide, both in the context of mood disorders and independently from depression. Health care professionals need to be aware of the higher suicidal risk in patients reporting mental pain. In this regard......Background: Mental pain, defined as a subjective experience characterized by perception of strong negative feelings and changes in the self and its function, is no less real than other types of grief. Mental pain has been considered to be a distinct entity from depression. We have performed...... a systematic review analyzing the relationship between mental pain and suicide by providing a qualitative data synthesis of the studies. Methods: We have conducted, in accordance with PRISMA guidelines, a systematic search for the literature in PubMed, Web Of Science, and Scopus. Search terms were "mental pain...

  3. Physiotherapy and Mental Health

    OpenAIRE

    Probst, Michel

    2017-01-01

    Physiotherapy in mental health care and psychiatry is a recognized specialty within physiotherapy. It offers a rich variety of observational and evaluation tools as well as a range of interventions that are related to the patient’s physical and mental health problems based on evidence-based literature and a 50-year history. Physiotherapy in mental health care addresses human movement, function, physical activity and exercise in individual and group therapeutic settings. Additionally, it conne...

  4. Disaster mental health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henderson, Silja; Berliner, Peter; Elsass, Peter

    2015-01-01

    In this chapter we focus on disaster mental health, particularly theoretical and research-based implications for intervention. The field of disaster mental health research is vast and impossible to cover in a single chapter, but we will visit central research, concepts, and understandings within...... disaster mental health and intervention, and refer to further literature where meaningful. We conclude the chapter with recommendations for further research....

  5. Síndrome de burnout ou estafa profissional e os transtornos psiquiátricos Burnout syndrome and psychiatric disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telma Ramos Trigo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: A síndrome de burnout é conseqüente a prolongados níveis de estresse no trabalho e compreende exaustão emocional, distanciamento das relações pessoais e diminuição do sentimento de realização pessoal. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste artigo foi realizar uma revisão bibliográfica a respeito da síndrome no Brasil e em outros países, considerando sua prevalência, possíveis fatores de risco para seu desenvolvimento, sua associação com outros transtornos psiquiátricos e conseqüências para o indivíduo e a organização em que trabalha. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se uma revisão bibliográfica utilizando-se a base de dados da MedLine, Scielo, American Psychiatry Association, Evidence-Based Mental Health, American College of Physicians, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Guideline Clearinghouse e da Organização Mundial da Saúde no período compreendido entre 1985 e 2006. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência da síndrome de burnout ainda é incerta, mas dados sugerem que acomete um número significativo de indivíduos, variando de aproximadamente 4% a 85,7%, conforme a população estudada. Pode apresentar comorbidade com alguns transtornos psiquiátricos, como a depressão. Os efeitos do burnout podem prejudicar o profissional em três níveis: individual (físico, mental, profissional e social, profissional (atendimento negligente e lento ao cliente, contato impessoal com colegas de trabalho e/ou pacientes/clientes e organizacional (conflito com os membros da equipe, rotatividade, absenteísmo, diminuição da qualidade dos serviços. Mais pesquisas devem ser realizadas para que mudanças positivas nas organizações de trabalho sejam baseadas em evidências científicas.BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome is consequent of prolonged levels of stress in the work’s environment. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this article are to obtain information about the syndrome’s prevalence in Brazil and in other countries, the risk factors

  6. Salud mental y adicciones

    OpenAIRE

    Boccalari, Paola

    2013-01-01

    La recientemente reglamentada Ley Nacional de Salud Mental 26.657 plantea amplias reformas en el ámbito de la salud pública. Este escrito se detendrá en uno de los puntos de la ley referido al lugar de las adicciones en las políticas de salud mental. Reflexionará sobre las conexiones entre la salud mental y adicciones. Si bien desde la nueva ley las adicciones forman parte de las políticas de salud mental, la “Y” conectora entre ambas, a la vez que unifica ambos campos, también hace pensar en...

  7. Tratamento da parada cardíaca experimental com adrenalina, vasopressina ou placebo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Ângelo Gomes Palácio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Na ressuscitação cardiopulmonar (RCP prolongada, o efeito dos vasoconstritores não foi plenamente esclarecido. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar o efeito pressórico da adrenalina e da vasopressina, e observar o retorno da circulação espontânea (RCE. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo, randomizado, cego e placebo-controlado. Após sete minutos em fibrilação ventricular, porcos receberam ciclos de dois minutos de RCP. Tentou-se a desfibrilação (4 J/kg uma vez aos 9 minutos e após cada ciclo, conforme o ritmo verificado, reiniciando-se a RCP imediatamente. Aos 9 minutos e depois de cada cinco minutos, aplicou-se adrenalina 0,02 mg/kg (n = 12 porcos, ou vasopressina 0,4 U/kg (n = 12, ou solução salina 0,9% 0,2 mL/kg (n = 8. A RCP continuou por 30 minutos ou até o RCE. RESULTADOS: A pressão de perfusão coronária aumentou para aproximadamente 20 mmHg nos três grupos. Com os vasoconstritores, a pressão alcançou 35 mmHg versus 15 mmHg com placebo (p < 0,001. Com vasopressina, manteve-se efeito de 15-20 mmHg após três doses versus zero com adrenalina ou placebo. Observou-se o RCE com frequência diferente (p = 0,031 entre adrenalina (10/12, vasopressina (6/12 e placebo (2/8. O tempo médio até o RCE não diferiu (16 minutos, nem o número de doses recebidas até então (uma ou duas. Entre os vasoconstritores não houve diferença significante, mas, frente ao placebo, apenas a adrenalina aumentou significantemente o RCE (p = 0,019. CONCLUSÃO: O efeito pressórico inicial dos vasoconstritores foi equivalente, e a vasopressina manteve um efeito tardio na ressuscitação prolongada. Apesar disso, comparando-se ao placebo, apenas a adrenalina aumentou significantemente a frequência do retorno da circulação espontânea.

  8. Steppic environments at the end of the upper pleistocene in southern Tunisia (Oued el Akarit)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brun, Annik; Guerin, Claude; Levy, Alain; Riser, Jean; Rognon, Pierre

    The cross section of the Oued el Akarit, 25 km North of Gabès, is of considerable importance for the paleoenvironmental reconstitution of South Tunisia at the end of the Upper Pleistocene. Grey or black silts and clays and greenish gray sands which overlap them, contain many paleontological remains: rodents, birds and Rhinoceros bones, Gasteropods, Foraminifera, Ostracoda and pollen. All these sedimentological, faunistic or botanical indications allow to consider that this area, between approximatively 35,000 and 22,000 yr. B.P., belonged to the steppe domaine. But this steppe was probably more dense and more diversified than the present-day steppe which receives 170 mm of rain (annual average). This conclusion is in good agreement with the other paleoenvironmental data from the Chott Djerid, the Matmata plateau or the Gulf of Gabès cores, areas situated at about 100 km to the West, the South or the East of the Oued el Akarit.

  9. Les Parcs Industriels Fournisseurs ou le choix de la proximité géographique

    OpenAIRE

    Sonia Adam-Ledunois; Jérôme Guédon; Sophie Renault

    2008-01-01

    International audience; La proximité géographique est régulièrement présentée comme le remède à de nombreux maux, la solution à des relations distendues voire rompues, et cela tant sur un plan social qu'économique. Nombre de décisions ou démarches, civiles, politiques ou stratégiques, placent ainsi la proximité au cœur des dispositifs envisagés (emplois de proximité, police de proximité, fête des voisins, pôle de compétitivité, systèmes de production localisés, districts industriels, etc.). L...

  10. Improved hydrogen production by uptake hydrogenase deficient mutant strain of Rhodobacter sphaeroides O.U.001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kars, Goekhan; Guenduez, Ufuk; Yuecel, Meral [Department of Biological Sciences, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara (Turkey); Rakhely, Gabor; Kovacs, Kornel L. [Institute of Biophysics, Biological Research Centre, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Szeged (Hungary); Eroglu, Inci [Department of Chemical Engineering, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara (Turkey)

    2008-06-15

    Rhodobacter sphaeroides O.U.001 is a purple non-sulfur bacterium producing hydrogen under photoheterotrophic conditions. Hydrogen is produced by Mo-nitrogenase enzyme and substantial amount of H{sub 2} is reoxidized by a membrane-bound uptake hydrogenase in the wild type strain. To improve the hydrogen producing capacity of the cells, a suicide vector containing a gentamicin cassette in the hupSL genes was introduced into R. sphaeroiodes O.U.001 and the uptake hydrogenase genes were destroyed by site directed mutagenesis. The correct integration of the construct was confirmed by uptake hydrogenase activity measurement, PCR and subsequent sequence analysis. The wild type and the mutant cells showed similar growth patterns but the total volume of hydrogen gas evolved by the mutant was 20% higher than that of the wild type strain. This result demonstrated that the hydrogen produced by the nitrogenase was not consumed by uptake hydrogenase leading to higher hydrogen production. (author)

  11. Hong-Ou-Mandel Interference between Two Deterministic Collective Excitations in an Atomic Ensemble

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jun; Zhou, Ming-Ti; Jing, Bo; Wang, Xu-Jie; Yang, Sheng-Jun; Jiang, Xiao; Mølmer, Klaus; Bao, Xiao-Hui; Pan, Jian-Wei

    2016-10-01

    We demonstrate deterministic generation of two distinct collective excitations in one atomic ensemble, and we realize the Hong-Ou-Mandel interference between them. Using Rydberg blockade we create single collective excitations in two different Zeeman levels, and we use stimulated Raman transitions to perform a beam-splitter operation between the excited atomic modes. By converting the atomic excitations into photons, the two-excitation interference is measured by photon coincidence detection with a visibility of 0.89(6). The Hong-Ou-Mandel interference witnesses an entangled NOON state of the collective atomic excitations, and we demonstrate its two times enhanced sensitivity to a magnetic field compared with a single excitation. Our work implements a minimal instance of boson sampling and paves the way for further multimode and multiexcitation studies with collective excitations of atomic ensembles.

  12. Prevalência de isquemia induzida por estresse mental Prevalence of induced ischemia by mental distress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Borges Barbirato

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: A cintilografia miocárdica com estresse mental parece induzir isquemia através de uma fisiopatologia particular quando comparada com a cintilografia, utilizando o estresse físico ou farmacológico. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de isquemia miocárdica induzida por estresse mental, em pacientes com dor torácica e cintilografia com estresse convencional normal, utilizando 99mTc-Sestamibi. MÉTODOS: 22 PAcientes foram admitidos com dor torácica na emergência, ou foram encaminhados ambulatorialmente ao serviço de medicina nuclear da nossa instituição, onde realizaram cintilografia miocárdica de estresse e repouso sem alterações isquêmicas. Então, foram convidados a realizar uma fase adicional com indução de estresse mental através do conflito de cores (Stroop Color Test com o objetivo de detectar isquemia miocárdica. Dois cardiologistas e médicos nucleares realizaram a análise cega dos dados perfusionais e consequente quantificação através do SDS (Summed Diference Score, pontuando os segmentos com alteração perfusional após o estresse mental e comparando com a imagem de repouso. A presença de isquemia miocárdica foi considerada com SDS > 3. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de isquemia miocárdica induzida por estresse mental foi de 40% (9 pacientes positivos. Nos 22 pacientes estudados não houve diferença estatística quanto ao número de fatores de risco, alterações hemodinâmicas induzidas pelo estresse mental, uso de medicações, sintomas apresentados, presença ou ausência de doença coronariana e variações da fração de ejeção e volume sistólico final do Gated SPECT. CONCLUSÃO: EM Uma amostra selecionada de pacientes com dor torácica e cintilografia miocárdica convencional normal, a pesquisa de isquemia miocárdica induzida pelo estresse mental através de cintilografia pode ser positiva em até 40% dos casos.BACKGROUND: The myocardial radionuclide imaging with mental distress seems to induce

  13. Mental Health staff views on improving burnout and mental toughness

    OpenAIRE

    Posner, Zoe; Janssen, Jessica; Roddam, Hazel

    2017-01-01

    Purpose- Burnout in mental health staff is acknowledged as a major problem. The purpose of this paper is to gain an understanding of mental health staff views on improving burnout and mental toughness in mental health staff.\\ud Design/methodology/approach-Ten participants from two mental health rehabilitation units across the North West of England took part in a Nominal Group Technique (NGT). Participants consisted of mental health workers from varied roles in order to\\ud capture views from a...

  14. La cohésion sociale : une solution ou un moteur de violence urbaine ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La cohésion sociale : une solution ou un moteur de violence urbaine ? 28 septembre 2016. Image. un policer qui gère une foule. Shaun Swingler. COLLECTION: HISTOIRE À SUCCÈS | VILLES SÛRES ET INCLUSIVES. La cohésion sociale peut jouer un rôle important dans l'établissement et le maintien de l'ordre dans les ...

  15. 49 Évolution de la pollution des eaux de l'Oued El Mellah (Djelfa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AKA BOKO

    La steppe Algérienne couvre une superficie de 20 millions d'hectares, en plus du manque des ressources en eaux que connaît ce domaine, vient s'ajouter le phénomène de pollution. La croissance démographique et urbaine importante de la ville de Djelfa accroît les quantités de rejets d'eaux usées dans l'oued El Mellah.

  16. Osteomyelite atypique ou centrale de la base du crane d'origine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction : L'ostéomyélitede la base du crâne esttypiquement secondaire à une otite externe nécrosante chez des patients âgés, diabétiques. Elle atteint l'os temporal et est habituellement due au pseudomonasaeruginosa. Dans sa forme atypique, l'ostéomyélite atteint les os sphénoïdal ou occipital sans otite externe ...

  17. Women and mental health

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kohen, Dora

    2000-01-01

    ... for the individual. Covering issues including perinatal psychiatric disorders, depression, eating disorders, schizophrenia, and alcohol and drug abuse - from a female perspective - Women and Mental Health will prove a valuable tool for all those working in the fields of mental health. Dora Kohen is a Consultant Psychiatrist and an Honorary Senior...

  18. Rural Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... social networks While there are drawbacks to small communities when it comes to mental health, there are positives as well. The close-knit ... to refer patients to facilities outside of the community. The Substance Abuse and Mental ... Administration (SAMHSA) maintains the 2016 National Directory ...

  19. Children's Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Mental health in childhood means reaching developmental and emotional milestones, ... is doing to improve access to care. Children’s Mental Health: What's New Article: U.S. Children with Diagnosed Anxiety ...

  20. Mental activity and culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofstede, Gert Jan

    2018-01-01

    How does culture affect mental activity? That question, applied to the design of social agents, is tackled in this chapter. Mental activity acts on the perceived outside world. It does so in three steps: perceive, interpret, select action. We see that when culture is taken into account, objective

  1. Mental Health - Multiple Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Well-Being 1 - Stress - Amarɨñña / አማርኛ (Amharic) MP3 Siloam Family Health Center Health and Well-Being ... Well-Being 2 - Mental Health - Amarɨñña / አማርኛ (Amharic) MP3 Siloam Family Health Center What Is Mental Distress - ...

  2. Women and mental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Unaiza Niaz

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Issues related to the mental health of women are a priority these days. Many international organisations working in the field of psychiatry are having sections on it now. This approach can go a long way in the improvement of the available mental health services for this population.

  3. A oitava face do poeta: o amor natural - erotismo tardio ou alquimia do amor?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Santa-Cruz

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Amor natural e filosofia natural. Lembrança de algumas das faces conhecidas do Poeta. A face velada: O Amor natural e hipertextualidade ostentada ou apenas simbolizada – epígrafes e símbolos reiterados de substâncias arcanas em permanente transmutação (paródia ou homenagem à Alquimia?. Salomão, Platão, Ovídio, Camões e Blake. Metamorfoses e ritualização e mistérios da palavra e dos corpos amantes. Signos-símbolos medievais, renascentistas e neológicos. Onde e como o amor? Locus terrenus vs ilha dos amores. O fogo, o Sol, o Rei, o homem; a água, a Lua, a Rainha, a mulher. A Rosa. Fauna e flora: natureza animal do Sol (masc. e natureza vegetal da Lua (fem.. Caos e cosmologia. Gênese da obra e origem divina do amor. Conjunctio e androginia da filha (ou obra do poeta-filósofo. O ciclo do amor que leva à morte, purificação e júbilo e, de novo, à fermentação, fixação... e renascimento.

  4. Celulares pagos por empregadores: “benefício” ou “malefício”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcia Cipriano

    Full Text Available Ao longo do século XX, os espaços e horários destinados ao trabalho eram isolados daqueles destinados à vida pessoal, familiar ou ao lazer. Na contemporaneidade, no entanto, tornou-se comum atender telefonemas de trabalho nos mais variados locais fora do horário de expediente e até mesmo nas férias. Uma das razões para esse novo tipo de comportamento é a concessão, pelos empregadores, de celulares com contas pagas aos seus funcionários. A presente pesquisa procurou investigar quais são as reações desses funcionários. Para tanto, foram conduzidas entrevistas de perguntas abertas com ocupantes de cargos de níveis gerenciais em empresas particulares do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Foi possível constatar uma ambivalência generalizada entre os entrevistados. Por um lado, eles consideram tal prática um “benefício”, porque também podem usar o celular da empresa para assuntos pessoais, o que representa uma boa economia. Por outro lado, no entanto, se ressentem da invasão, não remunerada ou previamente acordada, de seu tempo livre. Alguns chegam mesmo a se referir a essa concessão como um “malefício”, ou, ainda mais radicalmente, como uma nova forma de escravidão.

  5. SITUATION OF FLUORIDES RATE IN WATERS AND MAJOR CONSUMED FOOD IN WILAYA EL-OUED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Zobeidi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The effects of mineral salts in the drinking water, beneficial or harmful depending on their concentration, are known for many years and thus the problem posed by fluoride ions in the waters of the region (Fluorosis Dental and skeletal. This study proposes, the estimated daily intake of fluoride from its water distribution and the main food consumed per capita in the region of El-Oued (dates, tea, couscous, lentils, carrots, potatoes, pumpkin ..., which has a significant content of fluoride in their composition. In addition to the arid climatic conditions, the air temperature is very high in summer, leads to a strong human perspiration. This preliminary result leads us to propose a standard fluoride-specific region of El-Oued. The results showed that the majority of water samples and analyzed the main foods of the region of El-Oued is charged fluoride ions and exceed the maximum dose recommended for adults from 0.05 to 0.07 mg / kg / day.

  6. SITUATION OF FLUORIDES RATE IN WATERS AND MAJOR CONSUMED FOOD IN WILAYA EL-OUED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Zobeidi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The effects of mineral salts in the drinking water, beneficial or harmful depending on their concentration, are known for many years and thus the problem posed                     by fluoride ions in the waters of the region (Fluorosis Dental and skeletal. This                  study proposes, the estimated daily intake of fluoride from its water distribution and           the main food consumed per capita in the region of El-Oued (dates, tea,                          couscous, lentils, carrots, potatoes, pumpkin ..., which has a significant content of fluoride in their composition. In addition to the arid climatic conditions, the air temperature is very high in summer, leads to a strong human perspiration. This preliminary result leads us to propose a standard fluoride-specific region of El-Oued. The results showed that the majority of water samples and analyzed the main foods of the region of El-Oued is charged fluoride ions and exceed the maximum dose recommended for adults from 0.05 to 0.07 mg / kg / day.

  7. Mental Health and Asian Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Data > Minority Population Profiles > Asian American > Mental Health Mental Health and Asian Americans Suicide was the 9th leading ... Americans is half that of the White population. MENTAL HEALTH STATUS Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years ...

  8. National Institute of Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to content Home Health Information Health Information Home Mental Health Information Statistics Consumer Health Publications Help for Mental ... signs and symptoms of depression in men. More Mental Health Services Research Conference Register now for the nation’s ...

  9. Du journal papier au cyberjournal en pédagogie du projet avec des primo-arrivants : rupture ou complémentarité ? From printed newspaper to hypertext newspaper: rupture or complementarity in project work with recently settled pupils?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Lavry

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Mettre en place une pédagogie du projet avec un groupe de collégiens primo-arrivants dans le cadre d’une classe de Français Langue Seconde offre la possibilité d’entamer un travail à la fois sur les aspects structurels et pragmatiques de la langue. Cette pratique de classe permet en effet, lors de l’apprentissage du français, l’inscription des apprenants dans une activité langagière authentique. Le projet que nous avons organisé s’est développé en deux étapes : la première concernait la fabrication d’un journal papier et la seconde la réalisation d’un cyberjournal. Le passage entre ces deux étapes sous-entend une prise en charge complète par les élèves d’outils relevant des TIC (Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication, par exemple en ce qui concerne la création de pages Internet et l'entourage technique et donc une confrontation à de nouveaux supports d’apprentissage. En nous basant sur trois niveaux d’analyse (les activités d’apprentissage mises en place, le processus de collaboration et le rôle et la place de l’outil informatique nous déterminons les similitudes, nouveautés ou différences entre les deux formes du projet. Nous verrons ainsi que les processus de construction et de transformation des connaissances intervenant dans chacune des étapes sont soumis à un phénomène de rupture ou de complémentarité.Setting up IT-mediated project work with secondary school children in a French as a Second Language class gives the opportunity to work on both structural and pragmatic aspects of language. As far as the learning of French is concerned, this classroom technique allows learners to be involved in authentic language activity. The pedagogical project which we set up was organized in two stages: the elaboration of a newspaper followed by the elaboration of a cyber-magazine. The passage between these two stages implies the complete management by the children of the computer tools

  10. Facteurs associés au diagnostic tardif d'un trouble de l'humeur et/ou d'anxiété

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricky Cheung

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Cette étude examine les relations entre le délai écoulé avant l'établissement d'un diagnostic et les caractéristiques sociodémographiques et cliniques, ainsi que les relations entre ce délai de diagnostic et l'état de santé physique et mental des adultes canadiens ayant déclaré avoir reçu un diagnostic de trouble de l'humeur et/ou d'anxiété. Méthodologie : L'Enquête sur les personnes ayant une maladie chronique au Canada - Composante sur les troubles de l'humeur et d'anxiété de 2014 a été utilisée pour cette étude. L'échantillon de l'étude (n = 3 212 a été divisé en trois sous-groupes en fonction du délai de diagnostic : long (plus de 5 ans, modéré (1 à 5 ans et court (moins d'un an. Nous avons réalisé des analyses de régression logistique multivariées descriptives et multinomiales. Nous avons pondéré toutes les estimations afin que les données soient représentatives de la population canadienne adulte vivant en logement privé dans l'une des 10 provinces et ayant déclaré avoir reçu un diagnostic de troubles de l'humeur et/ou d'anxiété. Résultats : La plupart (61,6 % des adultes canadiens ayant déclaré avoir reçu un diagnostic de trouble de l'humeur et/ou d'anxiété ont dit avoir reçu leur diagnostic plus d'un an après l'apparition des symptômes (délai modéré : 30,0 %; délai long : 31,6 %. Après ajustement des caractéristiques individuelles, nous avons constaté qu'un délai modéré était significativement associé à la présence d'un faible nombre de comorbidités physiques ou d'aucune, qu'un délai long était significativement associé à un âge plus avancé, et qu'un délai long ou modéré étaient significativement associés à l'apparition de symptômes à un jeune âge. Finalement, un délai long était significativement associé à une santé mentale perçue comme « mauvaise » ou « passable » et à un nombre plus élevé de limitations d

  11. Digestibilidade in situ de cana de açúcar (Saccharum officinarum nas formas natural ou ensilada, adicionadas ou não de uréia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos de Sousa Lucci

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Doze ovinos com cânulas de rúmen foram empregados para comparar seis tratamentos, dispostos em um arranjo fatorial 2 x 3: cana de açúcar nas formas fresca (CAF ou ensilada (CAS x teores de uréia iguais a 0,0%, 0,5% e 1,0%. Foram estimadas: taxas de degradabilidade efetiva (DGE dos alimentos volumosos, concentrações de ácidos graxos voláteis(AGV e de nitrogênio amoniacal (N-NH3 e valores de pH do conteúdo do rúmen, além de concentrações de N-uréico no sangue. As taxas de DGE da matéria seca (MS mostraram-se semelhantes para CAF e CAS. A adição de teores crescentes de uréia às forragens resultou em diminuição linear da DGE da MS tanto da CAF como da CAS. No caso da CAS, a DGE da fibra em detergente neutro diminuiu linearmente com concentrações crescentes de uréia. Os valores de pH do conteúdo ruminal foram maiores para CAS em relação a CAF, mas não ocorreram diferenças devidas à adição de uréia. Os teores do conteúdo ruminal em total de AGV e os de ácido propiônico foram maiores para a CAF em relação a CAS; os de ácido acético, ao contrário, foram maiores para a CAS. Os teores de N-NH3 do conteúdo ruminal foram maiores para a CAS que para a CAF. Nos tratamentos com CAF e nos com CAS, as concentrações de N-NH3 no conteúdo ruminal e de N-uréico no sangue aumentaram linearmente com maiores adições de uréia. Concluiu-se que a adição de 0,5% e 1,0% uréia às forragens frescas ou ensiladas de cana-de-açucar não mostrou resultados satisfatórios e que CAF apresentou indícios de melhor qualidade nutricional que CAS.

  12. Women and Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... that are not there Extremely high and low moods Aches, headaches, or digestive problems without a clear cause Irritability Social withdrawal Thoughts of suicide Mental disorders can be treated : If you are unsure where ...

  13. Mentalization, embodiment and narrative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Køster, Allan

    2017-01-01

    of a strong interactive focus, it remains fundamentally rooted in a Cartesian ontology, overlooking embodied, expressive, enactive and sociocultural dimensions of social cognition. Furthermore, since mentalization theory was originally developed as a framework for understanding Borderline Personality Disorder...

  14. Obesity and Mental Illness

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    People with serious mental illness who are overweight or obese can benefit from taking part in a fitness program called InSHAPE where they receive help with fitness, weight loss, and even grocery shopping on a budget.

  15. Help for Mental Illnesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... local university health centers for their psychiatry or psychology departments. You can also go to the website ... may face different mental health issues than the general public. For resources for both service members and ...

  16. Psychoneuroimmunology of mental disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soria, Virginia; Uribe, Javiera; Salvat-Pujol, Neus; Palao, Diego; Menchón, José Manuel; Labad, Javier

    The immune system is a key element in the organism's defence system and participates in the maintenance of homeostasis. There is growing interest in the aetiopathogenic and prognostic implications of the immune system in mental disorders, as previous studies suggest the existence of a dysregulation of the immune response and a pro-inflammatory state in patients with mental disorders, as well as an increased prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients suffering from autoimmune diseases or receiving immune treatments. This study aims to conduct a narrative review of the scientific literature on the role of Psychoneuroimmunology in mental disorders, with special focus on diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic issues. The development of this body of knowledge may bring in the future important advances in the vulnerability, aetiopathogenic mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment of some mental disorders. Copyright © 2017 SEP y SEPB. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  17. Mental Health Medications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... for Mental Illnesses Clinical Trials Outreach Outreach Home Stakeholder Engagement Outreach Partnership Program Alliance for Research Progress ... public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy and security of drugs (medications), biological products, medical devices, our ...

  18. Mental health awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-07-22

    Independent, family-owned veterinary group White Cross Vets has been focusing on wellbeing. One of its clinic directors, Rob Reid, joined a group from the practice for some training in mental health awareness. British Veterinary Association.

  19. Hepatitis C: Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the Public Home Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Hepatitis C Home Getting Tested Just Diagnosed Treatment Choice Program ... Pain Mental Health Sex and Sexuality (for Hepatitis C) Success Stories FAQs For Health Care Providers Provider ...

  20. IMAGENS NO CALOR DA HORA OU A FÊNIX RENASCIDA DA IMAGEM DOCUMENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kati Caetano

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Apesar da freqüente discussão, tanto nos meios acadêmicos quanto nos midiáticos, envolvendo a crise da imagem documental, na esteira da propalada crise da cultura documental como um todo, não há como negar a proliferação de imagens e o incremento de uma produção assumida com esse propósito no universo das relações comunicacionais, seja ele impresso ou digital. Se, no domínio da arte, a ação hegemônica contemporânea consiste na desestabilização figurativa das imagens, do lado das mídias de produção massiva, afirma-se a sua estabilização como condiçãofundante do ato de documentar. Este trabalho não visa abordar as várias concepções de documental, porque parte do pressuposto de que esse aspecto se apresenta como resultado de estratégias figurativo-enunciativas de “fazer crer”, responsáveis por múltiplos regimes de sentido. De suas escolhas e agenciamentos decorrem modalidades interacionais amparadas na mediatez ou imediatez dos processos compreensivos, num sistema de valores condicionantes do ato comunicativo que coloca em evidência as funções prática, cognitiva, afetiva ou fiduciária (calcada em regimes de crençadas mediações simbólicas. A questão mais geral que norteia opresente texto é indagar como as diferentes mídias, do fotográfico ao virtual, operam com essas imagens e que tipos de implicações comunicacionais promovem.

  1. Imagens no calor da hora ou a Fênix renascida da imagem documental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kati Caetano

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Apesar da freqüente discussão, tanto nos meios acadêmicos quanto nos midiáticos, envolvendo a crise da imagem documental, na esteira da propalada crise da cultura documental como um todo, não há como negar a proliferação de imagens e o incremento de uma produção assumida com esse propósito no universo das relações comunicacionais, seja ele impresso ou digital. Se, no domínio da arte, a ação hegemônica contemporânea consiste na desestabilização figurativa das imagens, do lado das mídias de produção massiva, afirma-se a sua estabilização como condição fundante do ato de documentar. Este trabalho não visa abordar as várias concepções de documental, porque parte do pressuposto de que esse aspecto se apresenta como resultado de estratégias figurativo-enunciativas de “fazer crer”, responsáveis por múltiplos regimes de sentido. De suas escolhas e agenciamentos decorrem modalidades interacionais amparadas na mediatez ou imediatez dos processos compreensivos, num sistema de valores condicionantes do ato comunicativo que coloca em evidência as funções prática, cognitiva, afetiva ou fiduciária (calcada em regimes de crença das mediações simbólicas. A questão mais geral que norteia o presente texto é indagar como as diferentes mídias, do fotográfico ao virtual, operam com essas imagens e que tipos de implicações comunicacionais promovem.

  2. Coagulation and Mental Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Hoirisch-Clapauch

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The neurovascular unit is a key player in brain development, homeostasis, and pathology. Mental stress affects coagulation, while severe mental illnesses, such as recurrent depression and schizophrenia, are associated with an increased thrombotic risk and cardiovascular morbidity. Evidence indicates that the hemostatic system is involved to some extent in the pathogenesis, morbidity, and prognosis of a wide variety of psychiatric disorders. The current review focuses on emerging data linking coagulation and some psychiatric disorders.

  3. Mental sundhed i skolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wistoft, Karen; Grabowski, Dan

    Denne rapport sætter fokus på børn og unges mentale sundhed. Skolen kan gøre en forskel ved at skabe rammerne for en mental sundhedsfremmende skole, der tænker sundhedsbegrebet bredt. Men skolen bør ikke stå alene med ansvaret og derfor er der behov for en samlet strategi. En mentalt sundhedsfrem...

  4. Radiation and mental retardation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pochin, E.E.

    1988-01-01

    A brief article discusses mental retardation in children who had been exposed to ionizing radiation in utero. The time of greatest sensitivity is between the 8th and 15th week after conception and the time of lesser sensitivity between the 16th and 25th weeks. An examination of the thresholds for exposure indicate that severe mental retardation would not result from any present environmental exposures of the public. (U.K.)

  5. The Stigma of Mental Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overton, Stacy L.; Medina, Sondra L.

    2008-01-01

    Stigma surrounding major mental illness creates many barriers. People who experience mental illness face discrimination and prejudice when renting homes, applying for jobs, and accessing mental health services. The authors review the current literature regarding stigma and mental illness. They define stigma and review theories that explain its…

  6. Mental Health, Racism, and Sexism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willie, Charles V., Ed.; And Others

    This volume, successor to the 1973 volume "Racism and Mental Health," presents a range of perspectives on mental health, prejudice, and discrimination. Contributors are of multiracial, multiethnic, and gender-diverse backgrounds. They use their existential experiences to analyze pressing mental health and mental illness issues. Contributions…

  7. Les Fintech sont-elles une opportunité ou une menace pour les banques traditionnelles ?

    OpenAIRE

    Blanc, Aldwin; Sonney, Frédéric

    2018-01-01

    Dans ce travail, nous étudierons les potentielles opportunités et menaces que sont les Fintech pour les institutions bancaires. Cela nous permettra de savoir si, à l’avenir, ces entreprises vont s’imposer et remplacer les banques telles que nous les connaissons ou alors aider, forcer les acteurs traditionnels à effectuer leur révolution numérique pour répondre aux nouvelles attentes des clients. Afin de répondre à cette interrogation, les trois strates de l’environnement bancaire ont été anal...

  8. Effets De La Cuisson Ou De L\\'extrusion Du Niebe ( Vigna ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Quatre rations R0, R1, R2 et R3 contenant respectivement 0% de niébé, 15% de niébé cru, cuit ou extrudé ont été utilisées. Il ressort que la ration R2 a été la plus consommée comparée à toutes les autres. Le gain de poids et l'indice de consommation enregistrés dans le lot R2 n'ont pas été différents (P>0,05) de ceux du ...

  9. Rebelle De Fatou Keita Ou le Combat Feminin Contre la Patriarchie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le combat féministe est un sujet d'actualité dans une Afrique toujours gouvernée par des systèmes phallocentriques qui emprisonnent la femme ou l'enterrent dans la misère. L'écriture, parmi d'autres moyens, est une arme par excellence utilisée dans le combat contre le système patriarcal. L'écrivaine féministe s'en sert ...

  10. Harmonie du soir ou à la recherche de la … perfection formelle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina-Amelia Georgescu

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available A lire et à relire cette poésie, nous nous sommes toujours posé une question : se veut-elle être une manière d’exprimer la douleur pour un amour à jamais perdu, étant destinée uniquement au lecteur, ou bien pourrait-elle être interprétée comme un essai du poète de persuader l’être aimé du fait que le souvenir si religieusement gardé aux tréfonds du cœur pourrait être le germe d’un amour renouvelé ?

  11. Sensitivity of cesium chemistry to the O/U radio in UO2+x

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McFarlane, J.; LeBlanc, J.C.; Owen, D.G.

    1995-01-01

    The effect of O/U ratio on chemical reactivity was investigated in a cesium-iodide/uranium/tungsten system at temperatures up to 2200 K. It was found that slight changes in the oxidation of the urania had a large effect on reactivity. Crushed fresh fuel samples showed little reaction with CsI; however, slightly hyperstoichiometric fuel showed considerable reaction. The tungsten participated in the reaction by removing excess oxygen from the urania, eventually leading to a cesium tungstate species that was analyzed by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. (author)

  12. AUTOBIOGRAFIA: GÊNERO LITERÁRIO OU FORMA DE RECEPÇÃO

    OpenAIRE

    Adriano Carlos Moura

    2014-01-01

    Este artigo propõe, com a leitura dos livros Bar doce lar do jornalista americano J.R. Moehringer e Os cus de Judas do romancista português António Lobo Antunes, refletir sobre de que maneira a autobiografia pode ser considerada um gênero literário ou não. A realização dessa tarefa faz-se a partir de um estudo comparativo entre uma escrita autobiográfica e um romance, utilizando conceitos da obra O pacto autobiográfico do pesquisa...

  13. Miopatia miotubular ou centronuclear: relato de caso e revisão da literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roscicler Pereira de Sousa

    1977-09-01

    Full Text Available É relatado um caso de miopatia miotubular ou centronuclear em paciente de 13 anos de idade, do sexo masculino, com história de hipotonia e ptose palpebral congênitas. Estudos clínicos, eletromiográficos e anátomopatológicos (inclusive microscopia eletrônica evidenciaram achados comparáveis aos encontrados na revisão bibliográfica. São também discutidos os diagnósticos diferenciais e os achados de microscopia eletrônica.

  14. Abordagem clínica a canais radiculares calcificados e/ou atresiados

    OpenAIRE

    Veloso, Ana Catarina Rodrigues

    2017-01-01

    A Endodontia, ramo da Medicina Dentária, tem o objetivo de tratar patologias pulpares, permitindo assim, que as estruturas dentárias sejam mantidas em função na cavidade oral. O sucesso do tratamento depende de uma correta conformação, desinfeção e obturação canalar. Estes procedimentos podem estar comprometidos quando no canal existem calcificações, ou estes se encontram atresiados, impedindo o livre acesso apical. Localizar e manipular canais calcificados é um desafio pois a ...

  15. Salud Mental y desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Sarmiento Suárez

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre salud mental y desarrollo es tan estrecha como ignorada. Aunque ambas buscan potenciar las capacidades de los individuos para lograr un bienestar individual que redunde en la comunidad, la salud mental ha sido sistemáticamente excluida de los planes de desarrollo. Los problemas de salud mental afectan a millones de personas en el mundo quienes, al no recibir un tratamiento adecuado y oportuno, pueden desarrollar un trastorno. Se calcula que una de cada cuatro personas desarrolla algún tipo de enfermedad mental a lo largo de su vida. En tanto se cree que no es posible recuperarse de estas enfermedades, los recursos no están dirigidos a intervenir sobre ellas. Siendo absolutamente transversal a todos los aspectos de nuestras vidas, y por tanto un pilar fundamental en el desarrollo sostenible, el gasto global en salud mental es de menos de dos dólares por persona por día. Situación que no sólo impacta directamente sobre las tres dimensiones del Índice de Desarrollo Humano (IDH - salud, educación y estándares de vida - sino que perpetúa la condición de desigualdad estructural en que viven las personas con trastornos mentales. Mientras los problemas de salud mental afectan la esperanza de vida, los años de instrucción esperados y el Ingreso Nacional Bruto per cápita, siendo a su vez causa y consecuencia de la pobreza, las personas con trastornos mentales deben enfrentar numerosas barreras para el acceso a la educación, a las oportunidades de empleo y otras fuentes de generación de ingresos, debido a la estigmatización, discriminación y marginación que históricamente han vivido. Por tanto, si queremos que todos sean partícipes de las oportunidades de desarrollo, es necesario un cambio estructural donde desaparezca el estigma frente a los trastornos mentales, que permita posicionar la salud mental como eje de los planes de desarrollo y aumentar la inversión en la promoción de la salud mental y la prevención e

  16. Efeitos da prática mental na aquisição de habilidades motoras em sujeitos novatos Efectos de la práctica mental en la adquisición de habilidades motoras en novatos Effects of mental practice in motor skills acquisition in novice subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thábata Viviane Brandão Gomes

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudos de prática mental com sujeitos novatos apontam sua superioridade à ausência de prática. Entretanto, pré-teste ou familiarização usando prática física podem influenciar o efeito da prática mental. Este estudo investigou os efeitos da prática mental em novatos na tarefa praticada, assim como o posicionamento da prática física em relação à prática mental. Vinte e cinco universitários voluntários praticaram uma tarefa seriada de posicionamento e foram distribuídos em cinco grupos conforme o tipo de prática: física (GPF, mental (GPM, física-mental (GPFM, mental-física (GPMF, e grupo controle (GC que participou apenas dos testes. Uma Anova não paramétrica aplicada nos testes mostrou superioridade dos grupos com prática física (GPF, GPFM e GPMF sobre os grupos controle e prática mental. Ao considerar a pequena amostra utilizada, os resultados sugerem que a prática mental em sujeitos novatos depende da prática física para ser efetiva independente de seu posicionamento (antes ou após.Estudios de práctica mental con sujetos sin experiencia indican su superioridad en comparación a la ausencia de esa la práctica. Entre tanto, pre-test y familiarización usando práctica física pueden influenciar el efecto de la práctica mental. Este estudio investigó los efectos de la práctica mental en novatos en la tarea practicada, bien como el posicionamiento de la práctica física en relación a la práctica mental. Veinticinco universitarios voluntarios practicaron una tarea seriada de posicionamiento y fueron distribuidos en cinco grupos conforme el tipo de práctica: física (GPF, mental (GPM, física-mental (GPFM, grupo mental física (GPMF y grupo de control (GC que participó solamente de los testes. Una Anova no paramétrica aplicada en los testes mostró la superioridad de los grupos conforme el tipo de práctica física (GPF, GPFM y GPMF sobre los grupos de control y de práctica mental. Al considerar que la

  17. Acne e dieta: verdade ou mito? Acne and diet: truth or myth?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adilson Costa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos 50 anos, foram publicados inúmeros estudos com a finalidade de comprovar se a dieta está relacionada à etiologia da acne. Embora existam estudos antigos, que são bem difundidos entre os dermatologistas e negam a associação entre acne e dieta, seu delineamento científico é pobre. Recentemente, novos artigos demonstraram evidências contrárias às publicações anteriores. Sendo assim, os autores realizaram esta revisão bibliográfica com o intuito de averiguar se a dieta influencia direta ou indiretamente um ou mais dos quatro pilares etiopatogênicos fundamentais da acne: (1 hiperproliferação dos queratinócitos basais, (2 aumento da produção sebácea, (3 colonização pelo Propionibacterium acnes e (4 inflamação.Numerous studies were published over the last 50 years to investigate whether diet is associated with the etiology of acne. Although older studies well known by dermatologists that refute the association between acne and diet exist, their scientific foundation is weak. New articles have recently brought to light evidence contrary to previous findings. Therefore, we would like to investigate whether diet, directly or indirectly, influences one or more of the four fundamental etiopathogenic pillars of acne: (1 hyperproliferation of basal keratinocytes, (2 increase of sebaceous production, (3 colonization by Propionibacterium acnes, and (4 inflammation.

  18. Plantio direto de alface americana sobre plantas de cobertura dessecadas ou roçadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Cristina Silva Hirata

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o plantio direto de alface americana no verão sobre plantas de cobertura dessecadas ou roçadas em cultivos sucessivos. O trabalho foi desenvolvido no município de Álvares Machado, São Paulo, Brasil. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso, dispostos em parcelas subdivididas, com quatro repetições. O fator da parcela principal foram dois manejos das plantas de cobertura (dessecadas com herbicida ou roçadas e as subparcelas, seis espécies de plantas de cobertura (Cajanus cajan cv. IAPAR 43, Crotalaria spectabilis, Crotalaria juncea, Mucuna pruriens, Pennisetum glaucum e vegetação natural, além da testemunha sem plantas de cobertura. O manejo roçado apresentou desempenho inferior no primeiro cultivo da alface, todavia não diferiu do manejo químico no segundo cultivo. A cobertura do solo com mucuna apresentou maior produtividade da alface no primeiro cultivo devido ao excesso de palha das demais coberturas, o qual prejudicou o estabelecimento da alface. No segundo cultivo não houve diferenças entre as coberturas. A roçagem de plantas de cobertura é uma opção viável para plantio direto de alface sem herbicidas.

  19. Eficacia da limpeza ou desinfecao do meato urinario antes da cateterizacao urinaria: revisao sistematica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalena Cunha

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available As infeções do trato urinário associadas à cateterização são muito frequentes no contexto comunitário e hospitalar. Existem atualmente várias recomendações para sua prevenção, contudo, quando abordado o soluto a utilizar no meato urinário previamente à algaliação continuam a persistir dúvidas. Assim, este estudo procurou determinar a eficácia da limpeza do meato urinário com água ou soro fisiológico comparativamente à sua assepsia por meio de uma revisão sistemática com metanálise. Para isso foram seguidos os princípios propostos pelo Cochrane Handbook , a análise crítica realizada por dois investigadores e a análise estatística com recurso ao programa STATA 11.1. Podemos concluir que a limpeza ou desinfeção do meato urinário previamente à cateterização vesical não é estatisticamente significativa (OR=1,07, IC 95%=0,68-1,68, p=0,779, existindo alguma evidência de que a utilização de água/soro fisiológico reduz as taxas de ITU.

  20. État de santé, limitations d’activité, restrictions professionnelles et degré d’invalidité chez les Canadiens atteints d’un trouble de l’humeur ou d'anxiété

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Loukine

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Cette étude fournit, au moyen d’un échantillon de ménages fondé sur la population, le premier aperçu, chez des Canadiens adultes atteints de troubles de l’humeur ou d'anxiété, de leur état de santé globale et de santé mentale perçu, de leurs limitations fonctionnelles, de leurs restrictions professionnelles et de leur degré d’invalidité, ainsi que des facteurs associés à une invalidité grave. Méthodologie : Nous avons utilisé les données de l’Enquête sur les personnes ayant une maladie chronique au Canada – Composante des troubles de l’humeur et d'anxiété. L’échantillon est composé de Canadiens âgés de 18 ans et plus, atteints d’un trouble de l’humeur ou d’anxiété autodéclaré et habitant l'une des 10 provinces (n = 3 361; taux de réponse 68,9 %. Nous avons mené des analyses de régression logistiques multidimensionnelles multinomiales et descriptives. Résultats : Parmi les Canadiens adultes atteints d’un trouble de l’humeur ou d’anxiété, plus d’un quart ont rapporté un état de santé globale (25,3 % et de santé mentale (26,1 % « passable ou médiocre », plus du tiers (36,4 % ont mentionné avoir une ou plusieurs limitations fonctionnelles, la moitié (50,3 % ont déclaré qu’une modification de leur emploi a été nécessaire pour continuer à travailler et plus du tiers (36,5 % souffrait d'une invalidité grave. Les personnes avec troubles de l’humeur et d'anxiété concomitants ont mentionné de moins bons résultats : 56,4 % avaient une ou plusieurs limitations fonctionnelles, 65,8 % ont mentionné qu’une modification de leur emploi a été nécessaire et 49,6 % souffraient d'une invalidité grave. Après ajustement pour les caractéristiques individuelles, les personnes atteintes d’un trouble de l’humeur ou d’anxiété qui étaient plus âgées, dont le revenu familial était situé dans le quintile du plus faible revenu ou du revenu faible

  1. Observation of influences of mental health promotion and mental intervention on mental health status of professionals

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang, Shu-Qiang; Zhang, Jian-Ling

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To observe the influences of mental health promotion and mental intervention on mental health status of professionals. Method: 2878 professionals for physical examination were selected and randomly divided into treatment group and control group, with 1443 professionals and 1435 professionals, respectively. Then, the difference of mental health status before and after mental intervention between two groups was compared. Results: In treatment group, the proportion of people with heal...

  2. Deficiência mental e malformações em criança com translocações cromossomicas 5/13 Mental retardation and malformation in a child with 5/13 chromosome translocation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeriana Moura Ribeiro

    1976-06-01

    Full Text Available Os autores registram um caso raro de retardo mental e malformações físicas em paciente com anormalidades cromossômicas. A análise cromossômica do paciente revelou cariótipo aparentemente equilibrado. Entretanto, são consideradas as possibilidades de que nos eventos de quebra e rejunção dos cromossomos, tenha ocorrido perda de alguns genes para 5p e/ou 13q; mutação gênica ou, ainda, efeito de posições dos segmentos cromossômicos rearranjados.An unusual case of mental retardation and physical malformations with chromosome abnormalities in a 9 year old boy is reported. Chromosomal analy- sis showed either breakage and delation from some gens to 5p and/or 13q; genic mutation or, perhaps, efect of position in re-adjusted chromosomic segments.

  3. Public mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindert, Jutta; Bilsen, Johan; Jakubauskiene, Marija

    2017-10-01

    Public mental health (PMH) is a major challenge for public health research and practice. This article is organized in six parts. First, we will highlight the significance of PMH; second, we will define mental health and mental disorders; third, we identify and describe determinants of mental health and mental disorders on which we worked in the past 10 years since the establishment of the PMH section such as social determinants and violence. Fourth, we will describe the development of the EUPHA PMH section and provide details on vulnerable groups in the field of PMH, on violence as a main determinant and on suicide as an outcome which affects all countries in the European region. Fifth, we describe policy and practice implications of the development of PMH and highlight the European dimension of PMH. We will conclude this article by providing an outlook on potential further development of PMH as regards research and policy and practice. Finally, we hope that the EUPHA PMH section will contribute to public health in the next 25 years and we can contribute to improvement of PMH in Europe. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.

  4. Atheism and mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitley, Rob

    2010-01-01

    The exploration of the impact of religiosity on mental health is an enduring, if somewhat quiet, tradition. There has been virtually no exploration, however, of the influence of atheism on mental health. Though not a "religion," atheism can be an orienting worldview that is often consciously chosen by its adherents, who firmly believe in the "truth" of atheism-a phenomenon known as "positive atheism." Atheism, especially positive atheism, is currently enjoying something of a renaissance in the Western liberal democracies-a trend often referred to as the "new atheism." I argue that atheism, especially positive atheism, should be treated as a meaningful sociocultural variable in the study of mental health. I argue that atheism (just like theism) is an appropriate domain of study for social and cultural psychiatrists (and allied social scientists) interested in exploring socio-environmental stressors and buffers relating to mental health. Specifically, I argue that (1) atheism needs to be accurately measured as an individual-level exposure variable, with the aim of relating that variable to psychiatric outcomes, (2) there needs to be greater systematic investigation into the influence of atheism on psychiatry as an institution, and (3) the relation of atheism to mental health needs to be explored by examining atheistic theory and its practical application, especially as it relates to the human condition, suffering, and concepts of personhood.

  5. Romantic relationships and mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braithwaite, Scott; Holt-Lunstad, Julianne

    2017-02-01

    This paper reviews the research on relationships and mental health. Individuals who are more mentally healthy are more likely to select into relationships, but relationships are also demonstrably associated with mental health. The type of relationship matters - evidence suggests that more established, committed relationships, such as marriage, are associated with greater benefits than less committed unions such as cohabitation. The association between relationships and mental health is clearly bidirectional, however, stronger effects are observed when mental health is the outcome and relationships are the predictor, suggesting that the causal arrow flows more strongly from relationships to mental health than vice versa. Moreover, improving relationships improves mental health, but improving mental health does not reliably improve relationships. Our review of research corroborates the view that relationships are a keystone component of human functioning that have the potential to influence a broad array of mental health outcomes. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  6. Pakistan mental health country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karim, Salman; Saeed, Khalid; Rana, Mowaddat Hussain; Mubbashar, Malik Hussain; Jenkins, Rachel

    2004-01-01

    The Republic of Pakistan is a South East Asian country with a population of over 140.7 million. Its population is fast growing and the majority (70%) live in rural areas with a feudal or tribal value system. The economy is dependent on agriculture and 35% of the population live below the poverty line. Islam is the main religion and 'mental illnesses' are stigmatized and widely perceived to have supernatural causes. The traditional healers along with psychiatric services are the main mental health service providers. The number of trained mental health professionals is small as compared to the population demands and specialist services are virtually non-existent. Lack of data on prevalence of various mental illnesses and monitory constraints are the major hurdles in the development of mental health services. A number of innovative programmes to develop indigenous models of care like the 'Community Mental Health Programme' and 'Schools Mental Health Programme' have been developed. These programmes have been found effective in reducing stigma and increase awareness of mental illness amongst the adults and children living in rural areas. Efforts by the government and mental health professionals have led to the implementation of a 'National Mental Health Policy' and 'Mental Health Act' in 2001. These aim at integrating mental health services with the existing health services, improving mental health care delivery and safeguarding the rights of mentally ill people. A favourable political will and the help of international institutions like the World Health Organization are required to achieve these aims.

  7. Corrélats du bien-être chez les Canadiens présentant des troubles de l’humeur ou d'anxiété

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Orpana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Notre objectif visait à étudier les variables liées au bien-être, mesurées par une autoévaluation de la santé mentale (AESM très positive et une satisfaction élevée à l’égard de la vie (SV chez des adultes canadiens (âgés de 18 ans et plus présentant un trouble de l’humeur ou d'anxiété. Méthodologie : Nous avons utilisé des données nationales représentatives tirées de l’Enquête sur les personnes ayant une maladie chronique au Canada – Composante des troubles de l’humeur et d’anxiété (EPMCC-TAH de 2014 afin de décrire l’association entre bien-être et comportements d’autogestion (activité physique, sommeil et méditation ainsi que stress, adaptation et soutien social perçus. Nous avons eu recours à une régression logistique multivariée pour modéliser la relation entre ces facteurs et les mesures du bien-être. Résultats : Environ une personne sur trois atteinte d’un trouble de l’humeur ou d’anxiété a fait état d'une AESM positive. Les modèles de régression logistique ont révélé que plusieurs caractéristiques, comme un âge plus avancé, une autoévaluation de la santé générale positive, des limitations fonctionnelles moins nombreuses ainsi que la perception d’un moindre stress à l’égard de la vie, de meilleures capacités d’adaptation et d’un plus grand soutien social, étaient associées à des niveaux de bien-être plus élevés. Les comportements d’autogestion (entamer une activité physique, méditer, adopter de saines habitudes de sommeil et atteindre un certain nombre d’heures de sommeil chaque nuit n’étaient pas significativement associés à des mesures du bien-être dans notre modèle multivarié. Conclusion : Les adultes canadiens souffrant de troubles de l’humeur ou d'anxiété qui ont déclaré percevoir un niveau de stress plus faible, un plus grand soutien social et une meilleure capacité d’adaptation étaient plus susceptibles de

  8. Contribution to the study by infrared spectroscopy of addition compounds of boron fluorides and ethers-oxides or organic sulphides; Contribution a l'etude par spectroscopie infrarouge des composes d'addition des fluorures de bore et des ethers-oxydes ou des sulfures organiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le Calve, Jacques

    1964-03-09

    This research thesis reports the study of complexes formed with boron fluoride and ethers or organic sulphides. In a first part, the author recalls vibration modes of free boron fluoride and of this compound in a complex. In the next parts, he reports the analysis of infrared spectra of groups present in addition compounds (between 400 and 1500 cm{sup -1}). He discusses spectrum modifications of electron donors by formation of a coordination bound. Experimental conditions are presented in appendix [French] Nous avons enregistre les spectres infrarouges de 400 a 4000 cm{sup -1} des composes d'addition du fluorure de bore et des oxydes de methyle, d'ethyle et du tetrahydrofuranne a l'etat gazeux, a l'etat liquide et a - 180 deg. a l'etat solide. Nous avons egalement etudie les complexes du fluorure de bore et des sulfures de methyle, d'ethyle et du tetrahydrothiophene a l'etat liquide. Le groupement c-c-OBF{sub 3} des trois composes des ethers avait fait l'objet d'une analyse tres recente que nous avons discutee. La comparaison des spectres et leur evolution en fonction de l'etat physique nous a notamment permis de mettre en evidence un couplage des vibrations de valence symetrique ν{sub s}(BF{sub 3}) et ν(OB) avec celles de meme symetrie du squelette de l'ether, en particulier la vibration ν{sub s}(COC). Ce couplage rend illusoires les correlations qui avaient ete proposees entre la basicite du donneur et la position d'une bande attribuee hativement a la vibration ν{sub s}(BF{sub 3}). Pour les composes d'addition des sulfures, nous avons attribue les principales vibrations du groupement C-C-SBF{sub 3}. La vibration de valence degeneree ν{sub s}(BF{sub 3}) apparait vers 1180 cm{sup -1}. Les vibrations de valence symetriques ν{sub s}(BF{sub 3}) et ν(SB) sont couplees et se manifestent dans les spectres par deux bandes vers 800 et 600 cm{sup -1}. Enfin, une absorption vers 460 cm{sup -1} correspond a l'une des vibrations de deformation symetrique ou degeneree

  9. Mindfulness og mental sundhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wistoft, Karen

    2011-01-01

    Mindfulness is a way to practice 'healthy mindedness' – a form of self help that has been the subject for research and development of a number of new significant self-technologies, therapy and meditation treatment methods. To be mindful can help people to feel more relaxed (serenity) and fully...... alive. The article aims at describing realistic expectations to the contribution of mindfulness to health education work in the field of mental health. The article discuss ways in which mindfulnesss is connected with established health education in the mental health promotion field, and ways in which...... mindfulness breaks with established health education. Interest in utilising mindfulness and mindfulness-inspired methods in health-education intervention has increased in recent years. Mindfulness is seen here as an answer to how to achieve more accepting presence, and thereby a healthier mental life...

  10. Mental health informatics

    CERN Document Server

    Song, Insu; Yellowlees, Peter; Diederich, Joachim

    2014-01-01

    This book introduces approaches that have the potential to transform the daily practice of psychiatrists and psychologists. This includes the asynchronous communication between mental health care providers and clients as well as the automation of assessment and therapy. Speech and language are particularly interesting from the viewpoint of psychological assessment. For instance, depression may change the characteristics of voice in individuals and these changes can be detected by a special form of speech analysis. Computational screening methods that utilise speech and language can detect subtle changes and alert clinicians as well as individuals and caregivers. The use of online technologies in mental health, however, poses ethical problems that will occupy concerned individuals, governments and the wider public for some time. Assuming that these ethical problems can be solved, it should be possible to diagnose and treat mental health disorders online (excluding the use of medication).

  11. Poverty, social stress & mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuruvilla, A; Jacob, K S

    2007-10-01

    While there is increasing evidence of an association between poor mental health and the experience of poverty and deprivation, the relationship is complex. We discuss the epidemiological data on mental illness among the different socio-economic groups, look at the cause -effect debate on poverty and mental illness and the nature of mental distress and disorders related to poverty. Issues related to individual versus area-based poverty, relative poverty and the impact of poverty on woman's and child mental health are presented. This review also addresses factors associated with poverty and the difficulties in the measurement of mental health and illness and levels/impact of poverty.

  12. Baixo peso ao nascer e obesidade: associação causal ou casual?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Monteiro Ribeiro

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumoObjetivo:Apresentar as bases conceituais que explicam como eventos na vida intrauterina podem influenciar o desenvolvimento corporal e enfatizar a interrelação entre baixo peso ao nascer e risco de obesidade ao longo da vida.Fontes de dados:Google Scholar, Scientific Electronic Libraty Online (SciELO, EBSCO, Scopus e PubMed foram as bases de dados. “Catch-up growth”, “lifecourse health”, “disease”, “child”, “development”, “early life”, “perinatal programming”, “epigenetics”, “breastfeeding”, “small baby syndrome”, “phenotype”, “micronutrients”, “maternal nutrition”, “obesity” e “adolescence” foram descritores isolados ou associados para localizar revisões, estudos epidemiológicos, de intervenção ou experimentais publicados entre 1934 e 2014, com textos integrais, em português e inglês. Excluíram-se duplicidades, editoriais, resenhas e abordagens de doença diferente da obesidade.Síntese dos dados:Nos 47 artigos selecionados dentre 538 elegíveis, identificaram-se as hipóteses do fenótipo poupador, dos mecanismos epigenéticos e da plasticidade do desenvolvimento como fundamentais para explicar mecanismos envolvidos na saúde e nas doenças durante a vida. Elas admitem a possibilidade de eventos cardiometabólicos e obesidade terem origem em deficiência intraútero de nutrientes que, associados a suprimento alimentar excessivo às necessidades metabólicas nas fases precoces da vida, provoca alterações endócrinas. Todavia pode haver reprogramação fenotípica que supere ambiente restritivo intrauterino para nascidos com baixo peso a partir de oferta nutricional adequada. Assim, o catch-up growth indicaria recuperação da restrição intrauterina e se associaria a benefícios em curto prazo ou prejuízos no adulto.Conclusões:Na dependência de adequação nutricional nos primeiros anos de vida, a plasticidade do desenvolvimento pode levar à reprogramação fenot

  13. [Prevention of mental disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riedel-Heller, Steffi; Gühne, Uta

    2013-12-01

    Investment in prevention is a major public health requirement. Mental disorders are common and are associated with severe consequences. They are a major target for prevention. Based on vulnerabilitiy-stress-models the theoretical background for prevention in mental disorders is outlined. Effective strategies for children, adolescents, adults and individuals in old age do exist. Results regarding the prevention of depres-sion and psychoses are outlined and risk groups which require current actions are determined. Current activities towards a national prevention strategy in Germany are discussed. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  14. La disparition des loups ou essai d’écologie historique

    OpenAIRE

    Fabre, Éric; Alleau, Julien

    2017-01-01

    Si les loups ont disparu du territoire métropolitain, plus ou moins tôt dans les XVIIIe et XIXe siècles selon les régions, c’est parce qu’on les a activement chassés. Certes, l’affirmation est triviale, mais elle mérite qu’on s’y penche à nouveau en changeant le regard classiquement porté sur le phénomène de disparition de la grande faune. N’affirmer que le rôle actif de l’homme, c’est oublier que l’on observe un objet biologique : c’est nier la dimension écologique du problème. Inversement, ...

  15. My Son The Fanatic, de Hanif Kureishi, ou l’intégration à rebours

    OpenAIRE

    Révauger, Jean-Paul

    2012-01-01

    Utiliser un film, ou toute création culturelle, pour comprendre le social pose un certain nombre de problèmes méthodologiques. Un film n’est pas un « reflet ». Une création, même si elle se place sous le sceau du réalisme, a un rapport très fort mais indirect avec le contexte historique de sa genèse. Elle est le produit de la rencontre d’un contexte, d’un créateur doté d’une idéologie, d’un « habitus », d’un corpus de valeurs, des modes et techniques en vigueur dans le champ de la création au...

  16. Padrão fundamental de movimento : uma analise universal ou contextual?

    OpenAIRE

    Inara Marques

    1995-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho teve como objetivo verificar se houve modificação ou alteração nos níveis de desenvolvimento em relação ao objetivo da tarefa. Para este fim, os padrões fundamentais de movimento arremessar e chutar foram executados em duas situações diferentes: ao alvo e à distância e analisados em 50 crianças de 7 anos de idade. Estas crianças foram selecionadas na Escola Municipal de 10grau "Violeta Dória Lins", localizada no bairro Vila Rica, no município de Campinas (SP) e as tarefa...

  17. Hiperatividade: doença ou essência um enfoque da gestalt-terapia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Antony

    Full Text Available Este trabalho discute a hiperatividade considerando a metáfora do corpo da criança e o seu funcionamento psicológico, de forma a esclarecer se a sua expressão constitui doença ou um modo próprio de ser. O transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH tem sido extensivamente investigado em pesquisas que visam aprimorar os critérios diagnósticos e conhecer sua etiologia. Poucos estudos são orientados para elucidar a dimensão psíquica da criança hiperativa. A Gestalt-Terapia é uma abordagem fenomenológico-existencial assentada em teorias holísticas que reconhecem a multidimensionalidade do humano, enfocando a relação (o contato como ontológica à existência humana.

  18. Dor na psicanálise - física ou psíquica?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália Amendola Santos

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A dor tem se apresentado contemporaneamente como um tema importante para a psicanálise. Um dos móveis desse interesse é a fibromialgia, descrita por profissionais da medicina como uma síndrome caracterizada pela dor crônica na ausência de lesões ou sinais de anormalidade na maquinaria biológica. Levanta-se o impasse - como pensar psicanaliticamente uma dor que é física? Algumas leituras são propostas, tais como associações da dor com o estado melancólico, com inibições psíquicas e com a hipocondria. A dor é tomada como expressão de uma vivência traumática e não simbolizada.

  19. COMO NÃO LER FOUCAULT E DELEUZE? OU: PARA LER FOUCAULT E DELEUZE POLITICAMENTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Nunes

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute como interpretar a dimensão política da obra de Michel Foucault e Gilles Deleuze (com ou sem seu parceiro de escritura Félix Guattari, contrapondo-se a tendências e clichês interpretativos que são comuns tanto a alguns críticos quanto a alguns partidários destes autores. Em particular, questiona a ideia de que, para ambos, haveria uma relação de exclusividade mútua entre “micro” e “macropolítica”, tema que desenvolve em direções conexas – no tocante, por exemplo, a forma como ética e política se articulam no pensamento dos dois.

  20. Socialisme ou Barbarie: From Castoriadis’ Project of Individual and Collective Autonomy to the Collaborative Commons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evangelos Papadimitropoulos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I examine the content of socialism in the work of Cornelius Castoriadis in its potential relation to the current emergence of collaborative commons. I begin by analysing Castoriadis’ conceptualisation of socialism, as crystallised in the project of individual and collective autonomy, which was initially demonstrated in the journal Socialisme ou Barbarie (1949-1965 and evolved thereafter in his later writings. I continue by briefly presenting some basic points of criticism, after which I explore the potential compatibility of Castoriadis’ political project with the prospect of market socialism, as the latter emerges today in the form of collaborative commons. I argue, in particular, that collaborative commons echo Castoriadis’ conception of socialism in several respects. Finally, I critically develop a series of proposals made by Vasilis Kostakis and Michel Bauwens that could provide fertile ground for further discussion on the prospect of the commons.

  1. Maurice Couturier. Nabokov ou la cruauté du désir.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Alladaye

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available La lecture peut avoir partie liée avec la transgression. Maurice Couturier en apporte la preuve dans son dernier ouvrage, Nabokov ou la cruauté du désir, en enfreignant l’un des plus célèbres interdits nabokoviens, celui de la lecture psychanalytique de son œuvre. On se souvient des préfaces des romans où l’auteur ne se fait jamais faute de décourager la moindre velléité freudienne et d’une réponse des plus tranchantes administrée dans le cadre d’un entretien : « Laissons les crédules et les ...

  2. As relações de trabalho em uma empresa global: um novo paradigma ou neocorporativismo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaldo José França Mazzei Nogueira

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata das relações de trabalho em uma empresa global e foi resultado de pesquisa em uma montadora de caminhões instalada na região do ABC no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. A empresa estudada apresenta um padrão dos mais avançados na dimensão organizacional das relações de trabalho ou no local de trabalho considerado o contexto brasileiro. A solução de conflitos do trabalho nesta empresa aponta fortemente para um padrão negocial em relação ao estatutário (Zylberstajn e Pastore, 1985, o que levou alguns autores a indicar um modo de cooperação-conflitiva para lidar com as relações de trabalho (Rodrigues, 1997 e uma via institucionalizada de inserção dos trabalhadores nos processos de inovação tecnológica e gerencial (Bresciani, 2002. O esquema montado dentro da empresa foi resultado da estratégia do sindicato no local de trabalho e da gestão da empresa em particular da gestão de recursos humanos. A análise da experiência permitiu verificar além de um paradigma avançado de relações de trabalho, a afirmação de uma tendência ao corporativismo societário ou neo-corporativismo em relação ao corporativismo estatal típico do sistema trabalhista brasileiro.

  3. ALBA, organisation interaméricaine ou vénézuélienne ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Kourliandsky

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available L’«Alliance Bolivarienne des peuples de notre Amérique», ou ALBA, est de toutes les organisations interaméricaines celle dont l’identité est la plus originale. S’affirmant anti-impérialiste elle donne en effet à l’idéologie une place centrale qui commande la coopération entre ses membres. Mais l’ALBA au quotidien diffère-t-elle d’autres organisations d’intégration ? Le lien entre les différents pays qui la composent n’est-il pas au-delà de l’hommage unanime rendu à Bolivar bien davantage celui de pouvoir bénéficier du pétrole vénézuélien à un prix préférentiel ? L’ALBA, comme d’autres institutions latino-américaines, ne répond-elle pas à l’ambition d’un État, en l’occurrence ici le Venezuela, plus qu’à celle de construire un projet collectif pérenne? Ce lien entre le pétrole de son initiateur vénézuélien et l’ALBA, est une garantie pour le présent. Mais l’ALBA survivrait-elle à une alternance politique au Venezuela, ou à une chute des prix du baril affectant le nerf de l’organisation ?

  4. School Mental Health Resources and Adolescent Mental Health Service Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Jennifer Greif; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Alegria, Margarita; Costello, E. Jane; Gruber, Michael J.; Hoagwood, Kimberly; Leaf, Philip J.; Olin, Serene; Sampson, Nancy A.; Kessler, Ronald C.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Although schools are identified as critical for detecting youth mental disorders, little is known about whether the number of mental health providers and types of resources that they offer influence student mental health service use. Such information could inform the development and allocation of appropriate school-based resources to…

  5. Teacher Candidate Mental Health and Mental Health Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dods, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    Providing teacher candidates with a strong foundation in mental health literacy during their teacher education program is crucial in ensuring novice teachers are prepared to support the mental health needs of their students. In addition to responding to students, teacher candidates are typically at an age when mental health disorders are common…

  6. COMPLICA OU DESCOMPLICA? REFLEXÕES SOBRE DECISÕES DE FAZER OU COMPRAR NA MAIOR STARTUP BRASILEIRA DE EDUCAÇÃO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Carvalho Pereira

    Full Text Available RESUMO O caso narra a trajetória da startup de educação Descomplica desde a idealização da empresa até o seu crescimento, evidenciando os dilemas organizacionais relacionados às decisões de fazer ou comprar (the make-buy decision em seus processos-chave, com vistas a conciliar um crescimento exponencial de clientes com atenção especial na qualidade dos serviços prestados. A situação narrada acontece entre os anos de 2010 e 2012, tendo o fundador da empresa Marco Fisbhen como o principal personagem deste caso. O referido empreendedor, com a experiência acumulada de 17 anos ministrando aulas em cursinhos pré-vestibulares presenciais, resolveu gravar suas aulas e disponibiliza-las online com foco no Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio (ENEM, visando dar escala ao serviço prestado, utilizando a internet como principal mecanismo de distribuição. Os desafios enfrentados por Fisbhen e sua organização nascente na obtenção de investimentos também são tratados no caso, analisando os fatores positivos e negativos das opções de aportes financeiros disponíveis para a empresa. Como instrumento de ensino, o caso foi concebido para apoiar reflexões sobre empreendedorismo, gestão de negócios e de inovação em cursos de graduação e pós-graduação, proporcionando a discussão e o julgamento de estudantes sobre as vantagens e desvantagens de cada uma das situações narradas no documento. Como objetivo secundário, o caso oferece aos leitores uma abordagem sobre ferramentas para formatação do negócio, desenvolvimento e validação de ideias, inspiradas nos ensinamentos de Eric Ries e outros autores sobre startups e startups enxutas (lean startups. O caso ainda contempla uma série de informações sobre a educação no cenário brasileiro, destacando a tendência e aumento do crescimento do público-alvo da referida empresa com a unificação do ENEM em 2009.

  7. Dystonia: Emotional and Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Support Frequently Asked Questions Faces of Dystonia Emotional & Mental Health Although dystonia is a movement disorder that impacts ... emotion as well as muscle movement. For years, mental health professionals have recognized that coping with a chronic ...

  8. Mental Health Handbook for Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Atkinson, M; Hornby, G

    2002-01-01

    This text provides information on a range of mental health problems that confront teachers and discusses their underlying causes. It considers what schools can do to help pupils and reflects on the role of the mental health services.

  9. Epidemiology of Mental Retardation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heber, Rick

    Prevalence data on mental retardation is presented including international estimates on general prevalence, age directions, geographical variations within the United States, racial and ethnic variations, economic class distributions, family variations, and population distribution in institutions. Statistics are also provided in areas of specific…

  10. Mini mental state examination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kørner, Ejnar Alex; Lauritzen, Lise; Wang, August

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) is widely used in Denmark, but often in non-validated versions. In 2000 a cross-sectional workgroup decided on a new common version of the MMSE with a corresponding manual, which is validated for the first time in the present study. MATERIALS...... the severity of dementia disorders. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Feb-25...

  11. Recovery from mental illness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Kirsten Schultz; Friis, Vivi Soegaard; Haxholm, Birthe Lodahl

    2015-01-01

    Mental health services strive to implement a recovery-oriented approach to rehabilitation. Little is known about service users' perception of the recovery approach. The aim is to explore the service user's perspectives on facilitators and barriers associated with recovery. Twelve residents living...

  12. Nations for Mental Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available La Organización Mundial de la Salud ha establecido un programa especial denominado "Naciones unidas para la salud mental" con el fin de fomentar la salud mental en poblaciones subatendidas, con particular énfasis en las mujeres, los niños, los adolescentes, los refugiados y los pueblos indígenas. Uno de los objetivos del programa es crear una mayor conciencia entre el público y los gobiernos acerca del costo social y económico de los trastornos mentales y del abuso de sustancias. Un segundo objetivo es identificar y promover estrategias de colaboración para mejorar la salud mental que se puedan poner en práctica por medio de proyectos de cooperación técnica de nivel nacional dirigidos por las organizaciones del sistema de las Naciones Unidas, en colaboración con otras organizaciones internacionales gubernamentales y no gubernamentales. Ya están en marcha varios proyectos de demostración y otros se están planificando.

  13. Mental retirement and schooling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bingley, Paul; Martinello, Alessandro

    2013-01-01

    , which affect cognitive functioning at old ages, they are invalid as instruments without controlling for schooling. We show by means of simulation and a replication study that unless the model incorporates schooling, the estimated effect of retirement is negatively biased. This explains a large part...... of the “mental retirement” effects which have recently been found...

  14. Mental sundhed i skolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wistoft, Karen

    Baggrund: Skolebørns opfattelse af sundhed har i høj grad noget med deres selvbilleder, trivsel og sociale inklusion at gøre. Det viser en lang række nyere undersøgelser, der alle peger på, at det er nødvendigt at skærpe opmærksomheden på børn og unges mentale sundhed. Internationalt er der...... udviklet og afprøvet en række pædagogiske programmer, der kan bruges til at igangsætte aktiviteter, der fremmer børn og unges mentale sundhed i skolen. Især i USA, Australien og Storbritannien har der været fokus på evidensbaseret praksis og praksisbaseret evidens i denne sammenhæng. I Danmark har man ikke...... på sammen måde tilgængelig systematiseret viden herom. Sundhedsstyrelsen har gennem de senere år prioriteret indsatser og fremskrivning af evidensgrundlag til fremme af mental sundhed højt. Betydningen af børns mentale sundhed og overvejelser om, hvilken slags evidens der er behov for på dette område...

  15. Deploying the mental eye

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koenderink, Jan; van Doorn, A.J.; Wagemans, Johan

    2015-01-01

    Three observers performed a task designed to quantify their "pictorial relief" in visual awareness for a photograph of a piece of sculpture. In separate sessions, they were instructed to assume one of two "mental viewpoints." The main objective was to investigate whether human observers have such

  16. Incompatibility and Mental Fatigue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herzog, Thomas R.; Hayes, Lauren J.; Applin, Rebecca C.; Weatherly, Anna M.

    2011-01-01

    A straightforward prediction from attention restoration theory is that the level of incompatibility in a person's life should be positively correlated with that person's level of mental (or directed attention) fatigue. The authors tested this prediction by developing a new self-report measure of incompatibility in which they attempted to isolate…

  17. Pennsylvania Women's Mental Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Towns, Kathryn; And Others

    Women have undergone a revolution in their self-perception and their traditional relationships to work, money, marriage, and family. These social changes have implications for every aspect of women's lives, including their mental health. Because of the special problems and conflicts confronting women today, data need to be analyzed on policies,…

  18. Teen Mothers' Mental Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    SmithBattle, Lee; Freed, Patricia

    2016-01-01

    Psychological distress is common in teen mothers. High rates of distress are attributed to teen mothers' childhood adversities and the challenges of parenting in the context of chronic stress, cumulative disadvantage, and limited social support. We describe the prevalence of psychological distress in teen mothers; what is known about its origins and impact on mothers and children; factors that promote teen mothers' mental health and resilience; and the many barriers that make it difficult to obtain traditional mental healthcare. We also briefly review the few studies that test interventions to improve teen mothers' mental health. Because barriers to traditional mental health treatment are ubiquitous and difficult to remedy, the second article in this two-part series calls for nurses in healthcare settings, schools, and home visiting programs to screen pregnant and parenting teens for adverse childhood experiences and psychological distress, and to integrate strength-based and trauma-based principles into their practice. Creating a supportive setting where past traumas and psychological distress are addressed with skill and sensitivity builds upon teen mothers' strengths and their aspirations to be the best parents they can be. These approaches facilitate the long-term health and development of mother and child.

  19. Mental health and housing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kari-Koskinen, O; Karvonen, P

    1976-01-01

    With the present trend away from the designing of individual buildings and towards the systematic planning of whole residential communities, it should be possible to take mental health requirements into account at the planning stage. At present, sociologists are all too seldom consulted on matters of residential planning. When discussing the relationship between housing and mental health one cannot restrict oneself only to the external aspects of the house, but rather one must also consider the opportunities available for the members of the family to satisfy their own needs, both within the home and in its immediate surroundings. Factors which may affect residential requirements include geographical location, type and standard of dwelling and time and continuity of occupation. A move between two districts or groups representing different housing norms and values may lead to withdrawal symptoms in the individual. This may arise equally well from the remoteness of the country districts as from the conflicting pressures brought on by the abundance of contacts available in the large towns. Town life tends to heighten susceptibility to neuroses and personality conflicts. The character of a residential area may affect the mental health of its occupants. Faris & Dunham (4), in studying the incidence of various types of mental illness with an urban population, observed that schizophrenia was most common among people who were in some way isolated from social involvement. The striving for spaciousness in residential areas and the creation of a "summer city" or "garden city" image or a "family-centred way of life" may lead to unexpected problems and have a variety of social consequences. Mental health difficulties have been noted, for example, among housewives in "dormitory" towns or suburbs (11). The institutions required by a community may be grouped into four categories, representing the basic needs of its members. These are (1) economic institutions, (2) social and

  20. Policy for better mental health

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Layard

    2014-01-01

    Treating mental illness should be a top national priority, especially as proven psychological therapies effectively cost nothing. Richard Layard explains how CEP research has led to a new deal for mental health - but much remains to be done. Mental illness has much greater economic costs than physical illness - but evidence-based ways of treating mental health problems have no net cost to the Exchequer.

  1. School Mental Health Resources and Adolescent Mental Health Service Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Jennifer Greif; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Alegría, Margarita; Costello, E. Jane; Gruber, Michael J.; Hoagwood, Kimberly; Leaf, Philip J.; Olin, Serene; Sampson, Nancy A,; Kessler, Ronald C.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Although schools are identified as critical for detecting youth mental disorders, little is known about whether the number of mental health providers and types of resources they offer influence student mental health service use. Such information could inform the development and allocation of appropriate school-based resources to increase service use. This paper examines associations of school resources with past-year mental health service use among students with 12-month DSM-IV mental disorders. Method Data come from the U.S. National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), a national survey of adolescent mental health that included 4,445 adolescent-parent pairs in 227 schools in which principals and mental health coordinators completed surveys about school resources-policies for addressing student emotional problems. Adolescents and parents completed the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and reported mental health service use across multiple sectors. Multilevel multivariate regression was used to examine associations of school mental health resources and individual-level service use. Results Roughly half (45.3%) of adolescents with a 12-month DSM-IV disorder received past-year mental health services. Substantial variation existed in school resources. Increased school engagement in early identification was significantly associated with mental health service use for adolescents with mild/moderate mental and behavior disorders. The ratio of students-to-mental health providers was not associated with overall service use, but was associated with sector of service use. Conclusions School mental health resources, particularly those related to early identification, may facilitate mental health service use and influence sector of service use for youths with DSM disorders. PMID:23622851

  2. Assessment of Mental Status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finney, Glen R; Minagar, Alireza; Heilman, Kenneth M

    2016-02-01

    Assessing the mental status of patients with a neurobehavioral disorder is a critical element in the diagnosis and treatment of these patients. This assessment should always be performed after the patient's history it taken and a general physical as well as a neurologic examination is completed. The mental status examination commences with observing the patient's appearance and level of consciousness. The examiner should also pay attention to patient's social behavior, emotional state and mood. There are 3 major means of assessing a patient's mental status. One type attempts to determine if the patient is demented and the severity of the dementia as it pertains to their ability to perform activities of daily living as well as instrumental activities. A second type of assessment utilizes what may be termed as "screening tests" or "omnibus tests". These brief tests are performed independent of the patient's history and examination. The two most frequently used screening tests are the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). The third means of assessing a patient's mental status is by using specific neuropsychological tests that focus on specific domains of cognition, such as frontal executive functions, attention, episodic verbal and visuospatial memory, declarative knowledge such as language (speech, reading and writing) and arithmetical, as well as visuospatial and perceptual abilities. These neurobehavioral, neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological assessments of patients with a cognitive decline and behavioral abnormalities should often be accompanied by laboratory tests, and neuroimaging that can help determine the underlying pathologic process so that effective therapeutic and management approaches can be provided. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Mental Health: Keeping Your Emotional Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Basics Sports Safety Injury Rehabilitation Emotional Well-Being Mental Health Sex and Birth Control Sex and Sexuality Birth ... PPD) Home Prevention and Wellness Emotional Well-Being Mental Health Mental Health: Keeping Your Emotional Health Mental Health: ...

  4. Chicano Aging and Mental Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Manuel, Ed.; Ruiz, Rene A., Ed.

    Focusing on the direction future research on the Chicano elderly should take, the 10 papers address theory development, methodological approach, social policy and problems, mental health service delivery, and issues of mental illness. The first seven papers discuss: the theoretical perspectives of research pertaining to mental health and the…

  5. Mental Accounting and Economic Behaviour

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Antonides, Gerrit; Ranyard, Rob

    2017-01-01

    This chapter first presents an overview of research into mental accounting and its effects on economic behaviour. It then considers mental accounts posited to broadly categorize financial resources across the life-cycle, and those constructed for specific transactions. Mental accounting has several

  6. Improving Mental Health in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossen, Eric; Cowan, Katherine C.

    2015-01-01

    Students do not leave their mental health at the front door when they come to school. From wellness to serious illness, a student's mental health status is integral to how they think, feel, interact, behave, and learn. Decades of research and experience have laid a solid foundation and framework for effectively providing mental health…

  7. Mental health: More than neurobiology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fried, E.; Tuerlinckx, F.; Borsboom, D.

    2014-01-01

    The decision by the US National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to fund only research into the neurobiological roots of mental disorders (Nature 507, 288; 2014) presumes that these all result from brain abnormalities. But this is not the case for many people with mental-health issues and we fear

  8. Cannabis use and mental health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Gastel, W.A.

    2013-01-01

    Cannabis use has been implicated as a risk factor for mental health problems, (subclinical) psychotic symptoms in particular. If cannabis use was a cause of these problems, cessation would lead to improved public mental health. If cannabis use was a mere consequence of a predisposition for mental

  9. CONTINUIDADE E/OU RUPTURA: A REFORMA GERENCIAL DA ADMINISTRAÇÃO PÚBLICA BRASILEIRA NA ERA LULA

    OpenAIRE

    Giorgio Forgiarini

    2013-01-01

    Pretende-se com o presente trabalho tratar sobre o padrão de racionalidade incorporado à Administração Pública brasileira pela reforma gerencial, iniciada pelo Presidente Fernando Henrique Cardoso e, principalmente, sobre a sua continuidade ou não durante os mandatos de seu opositor e sucessor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2005 e 2006-2009). Para a elaboração do trabalho, traçou-se, num primeiro momento, a partir do método da revisão bibliográfica, um escorço histórico acerca dos diferente...

  10. The different origins of magnetic fields and activity in the Hertzsprung gap stars, OU Andromedae and 31 Comae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisova, A.; Aurière, M.; Petit, P.; Konstantinova-Antova, R.; Charbonnel, C.; Drake, N. A.

    2016-06-01

    Context. When crossing the Hertzsprung gap, intermediate-mass stars develop a convective envelope. Fast rotators on the main sequence, or Ap star descendants, are expected to become magnetic active subgiants during this evolutionary phase. Aims: We compare the surface magnetic fields and activity indicators of two active, fast rotating red giants with similar masses and spectral class but different rotation rates - OU And (Prot = 24.2 d) and 31 Com (Prot = 6.8 d) - to address the question of the origin of their magnetism and high activity. Methods: Observations were carried out with the Narval spectropolarimeter in 2008 and 2013. We used the least-squares deconvolution (LSD) technique to extract Stokes V and I profiles with high signal-to-noise ratio to detect Zeeman signatures of the magnetic field of the stars. We then provide Zeeman-Doppler imaging (ZDI), activity indicators monitoring, and a precise estimation of stellar parameters. We use state-of-the-art stellar evolutionary models, including rotation, to infer the evolutionary status of our giants, as well as their initial rotation velocity on the main sequence, and we interpret our observational results in the light of the theoretical Rossby numbers. Results: The detected magnetic field of OU Andromedae (OU And) is a strong one. Its longitudinal component Bl reaches 40 G and presents an about sinusoidal variation with reversal of the polarity. The magnetic topology of OU And is dominated by large-scale elements and is mainly poloidal with an important dipole component, as well as a significant toroidal component. The detected magnetic field of 31 Comae (31 Com) is weaker, with a magnetic map showing a more complex field geometry, and poloidal and toroidal components of equal contributions. The evolutionary models show that the progenitors of OU And and 31 Com must have been rotating at velocities that correspond to 30 and 53%, respectively, of their critical rotation velocity on the zero age main sequence

  11. X-ray diving in the center of Sh2-129: looking for the driving source of Ou4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosso, Nicolas

    2012-10-01

    The outflow phenomenon is associated both with the early and the last phase of the stellar evolution. Recently, a unique bipolar outflow with an angular size of 1.2 degrees was discovered in the blister HII region Sh2-129. Ou4, nicknamed "The Giant Squid", is to our knowledge the bipolar outflow with the largest angular size ever found. We propose joint XMM-Newton/EPIC (35 ks) and Chandra/HRC-I (16 ks) observations to look for the driving source of Ou4 and to clarify the nature of this object.

  12. Fatores influenciadores na decisão de produzir ou comprar: um estudo no sistema agroindustrial da cana

    OpenAIRE

    Consoli, Marcelo Henrique

    2007-01-01

    Dentre inúmeras maneiras possíveis para as empresas organizarem suas atividades e definirem suas fontes de obtenção de recursos, destaca-se duas formas polares, são elas: produzir internamente ou comprar no mercado. Dessa maneira, a opção por uma dessas formas ou até mesmo a opção por uma forma híbrida, define o grau de integração vertical adotada pela empresa. Este trabalho tem como objetivo levantar e classificar quais são os principais fatores considerados pelos gestores ...

  13. GENETIC DETERMINATIONS OF MENTALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. V. Osadcha

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The article is devoted to clarifying the role of physicality and psycho-physical characteristics of a person as a preconditions of the mentality forming. It is conducted a retrospective analysis of discourse on the mentality, the history of the concept, its temporal characteristics and collective conditioning. The concept of mentality has been widely studied in various fields of socio-humanities such as: history, psychology, and even marginal context of scientific discourses, including the esoteric. This study attempted to analyse the mentality phenomenon through the prism of the concept of experience. Methodology. The concept of experience was acquired by essential justification through the representatives of the phenomenological approach - the late Edmund Husserl, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Bernhard Valdenfels. On the other hand the concept of mentality as a form of collective unconscious experience was entered to the scientific vocabulary by the representatives of the French historical science - M. Bloch, L. Febvre, J. Le Goff and others. At the intersection of these two methods, historical and phenomenological, the genetic method has been established – as a history of coverage and experience of internalization. Thanks to the application of genetic method the transition of phenomenon into the concept was examined. Novelty. The problem of change dynamics of mental phenomenon, in particular psycho-physical nature of a person, which has been only mentioned in F. Braudel works but has not received the adequate theoretical coverage, is analysed. To explain the practices of physicality and causality of this factor the action component of the cultural the overview of developments of such authors as V. Rozin (2005, M. Epstein (2005, N. Brunov (2003, A. Soares, M. Farhangmehr, A. Shoham (2007, D. Vaskul, F. Vannini Hospital (2012 was committed. Conclusions. The transition to paradoxical behaviour that is oriented on sign, and not on signalling

  14. Mental health as rational autonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, R B

    1981-08-01

    Rather than eliminate the terms "mental health and illness" because of the grave moral consequences of psychiatric labeling, conservative definitions are proposed and defended. Mental health is rational autonomy, and mental illness is the sustained loss of such. Key terms are explained, advantages are explored, and alternative concepts are criticized. The value and descriptive components of all such definitions are consciously acknowledged. Where rational autonomy is intact, mental hospitals and psychotherapists should not think of themselves as treating an illness. Instead, they are functioning as applied axiologists, moral educators, spiritual mentors, etc. They deal with what Szasz has called "personal, social, and ethical problems in living." But mental illness is real.

  15. Síndrome SAPHO: entidade rara ou subdiagnosticada? SAPHO syndrome: rare or under-diagnosed?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozephina Gonçalves Guerra

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever os achados clínicos, radiológicos e patológicos da síndrome SAPHO e sugerir que, apesar de ser considerada rara, esta síndrome deve estar sendo subdiagnosticada por clínicos e radiologistas, provavelmente em função do desconhecimento das suas características. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo retrospectivo de seis casos confirmados desta síndrome, dando-se ênfase aos achados clínicos (idade, sexo e sintomas e de imagem (cintilografia óssea, radiografia convencional, tomografia computadorizada e ressonância magnética. RESULTADOS: A manifestação clínica inicial de todos os pacientes foi dor na parede torácica ântero-superior há pelo menos quatro meses. Todos apresentavam achados de imagem de processo inflamatório e/ou osteíte e hiperostose nas articulações da parede torácica ântero-superior. As alterações cutâneas da síndrome, tipo pustulose palmoplantar, estiveram presentes em cinco dos seis pacientes. Em nenhum dos seis casos o diagnóstico foi sugerido na consulta clínica inicial ou na primeira interpretação das imagens feita por radiologistas não especialistas em sistema músculo-esquelético. CONCLUSÃO: Os nossos achados estão de acordo com os descritos na literatura, devendo ser considerado este diagnóstico em todo paciente que apresente quadro doloroso de parede torácica acompanhado de manifestações dermatológicas e/ou osteíte.OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, imaging and pathological findings of SAPHO syndrome and to point out that although considered rare this syndrome may be under-diagnosed by clinicians and radiologists, probably due to unfamiliarity with its features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of six cases diagnosed in the last six years, with emphasis on clinical findings (age, sex and symptoms and imaging findings (bone scintigraphy, conventional x-ray, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging was conducted. RESULTS: The initial

  16. The genocidal mentality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lifton, R.J.; Markusen, E.

    1990-01-01

    Since the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the world has witnessed the insidious growth of a genocidal system-a constellation of men, weapons, and war-fighting plans which, if implemented, could put an end to life on this planet. In this book, the cast of mind that created and maintains this threat is examined and an alternative, more hopeful direction is suggested. This book draws on the lessons of the Holocaust- and presents a picture of the genocidal mentality. If we are to survive this genocidal mentality must give way to a species self, to a deepened awareness of belonging to a single species. This shift in mind-set would enable us to renounce nuclearism and to envision a genuine human future

  17. Mental illness: psychiatry's phlogiston.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szasz, T

    2001-10-01

    In physics, we use the same laws to explain why airplanes fly, and why they crash. In psychiatry, we use one set of laws to explain sane behaviour, which we attribute to reasons (choices), and another set of laws to explain insane behaviour, which we attribute to causes (diseases). God, man's idea of moral perfection, judges human deeds without distinguishing between sane persons responsible for their behaviour and insane persons deserving to be excused for their evil deeds. It is hubris to pretend that the insanity defence is compassionate, just, or scientific. Mental illness is to psychiatry as phlogiston was to chemistry. Establishing chemistry as a science of the nature of matter required the recognition of the non-existence of phlogiston. Establishing psychiatry as a science of the nature of human behaviour requires the recognition of the non-existence of mental illness.

  18. Mental Health Ethnography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringer, Agnes

    2017-01-01

    hospitalized, but to get inside the contemporary psychiatric institution and to participate in the social world of patients and professionals, I had to experiment with different ethnographic approaches. Ethnographies of mental health have become increasingly rare, and much research on language in psychiatric...... institutions is done by interview research. My study involved observing and participating in the day-to-day life at two mental health facilities: an outpatient clinic and an inpatient closed ward. The case study provides an account of some of the specific methodological problems and unanticipated events...... that emerged in the course of the study. It discusses the particular challenges involved in negotiating access in a hierarchical and conflict-ridden setting with tangible power differences between professionals and patients. I pay particular attention to the positions that became available to the researcher...

  19. The genocidal mentality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lifton, R.J.; Markusen, E.

    1990-01-01

    Since the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the world has witnessed the insidious growth of a genocidal system-a constellation of men, weapons, and war-fighting plans which, if implemented, could put an end to life on this planet. In this book, the cast of mind that created and maintains this threat is examined and an alternative, more hopeful direction is suggested. This book draws on the lessons of the Holocaust- and presents a picture of the genocidal mentality. If we are to survive this genocidal mentality must give way to a species self, to a deepened awareness of belonging to a single species. This shift in mind-set would enable us to renounce nuclearism and to envision a genuine human future.

  20. Desempenho de vacas Charolês e Nelore desterneiradas aos três ou sete meses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Restle João

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliado o desempenho de vacas Charolês (C e Nelore (N, agrupadas em três classes de idade, jovens (3 e 4 anos, adultas (5 a 7 anos e velhas (8 ou mais anos, desmamadas aos três (precoce ou sete meses no outono (tradicional. O peso no outono das vacas desterneiradas aos três meses (T3 foi 45 kg superior ao das vacas com remoção do bezerro aos sete meses (T7. O estado corporal aos sete meses também foi melhor nas vacas do T3 (3,3 contra 2,1 pontos. Vacas do T3 apresentaram maior ganho de peso do parto ao final do período reprodutivo e apresentaram maiores porcentagem de cio (81 contra 51% e prenhez (67,2 contra 37,3% e menor intervalo do parto ao primeiro cio pós-parto (102 contra 114 dias que vacas do T7. Vacas adultas apresentaram melhor estado corporal aos sete meses e tiveram melhor desempenho reprodutivo do que vacas velhas e jovens. A diferença na porcentagem de prenhez entre o T3 e T7 foi mais evidente nas vacas jovens (42,11 contra 12,5% e velhas (51,72 contra 35,71% que nas adultas (62,50 contra 53,33%. Vacas C foram mais pesadas que as N, ao parto, aos três e sete meses pós-parto e apresentaram melhor estado corporal aos sete meses. O efeito do desmame precoce no desempenho reprodutivo foi mais evidente nas vacas C. A porcentagem de fêmeas prenhes nas C foi de 80,60% para o T3 e 41,90% para o T7, já nas N as porcentagens foram de 45,50 e 30,00%, respectivamente, para o T3 e T7. Nas vacas C, a produção de leite e a amamentação apresentaram efeito inibidor, sobre a reprodução, mais marcante que nas vacas N.

  1. Afasia global sem hemiparesia: AVC ou transtorno conversivo? Global aphasia without hemiparesis: stroke or conversion disorder?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Philippi de Negreiros

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: A realização de diagnóstico neurológico e psiquiátrico em ambiente de emergência hospitalar com freqüência é uma tarefa complexa e exige colaboração interdisciplinar. Um dos diagnósticos diferenciais de doenças neurológicas é o transtorno conversivo, cuja característica principal é a presença de sintomas afetando funções motoras ou sensoriais, que sugerem desordem clínica ou neurológica, porém sem doença orgânica subjacente que explique o quadro. RELATO DE CASO: Os autores relatam o caso de uma paciente de 23 anos com apresentação clínica atípica de acidente vascular cerebral, afasia global sem hemiparesia, que foi inicialmente diagnosticada como transtorno psiquiátrico pelo serviço de clínica médica de emergência. CONCLUSÃO: Certas apresentações neurológicas podem ser interpretadas como transtorno conversivo pelas similaridades clínicas entre as duas desordens, raridade do quadro clínico, pela presença de sintomatologia psiquiátrica e fatores psicossociais nos pacientes neurológicos. Mesmo com apresentações neurológicas atípicas e sintomas psiquiátricos, pacientes com quadro sugestivo de transtorno conversivo devem ser sempre investigados de forma interdisciplinar.BACKGROUND: The neurologic and psychiatric diagnosis in emergency settings are difficult tasks and require interdisciplinary effort. Conversion disorder is one of the differential diagnosis for certain neurologic disorders. The main characteristic is motor or sensory deficits suggesting neurologic or medical condition, but without organic disease that explains the symptoms. CASE REPORT: We present a 23 year-old-woman with an atypical clinical presentation of stroke: global aphasia without hemiparesis. This patient was initially diagnosed with conversion disorder by the internal medicine service in the emergency room. CONCLUSION: Some rare neurologic diseases can be interpreted as conversive disorders due to some reasons

  2. Ville et prostitution : rivales ou riveraines ? City and Prostitution: Rivals or Neighbours?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Deschamps

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Sous l’égide de l’Association des maires des grandes villes de France s’est tenue à Nantes, en juin 2003, la “Première rencontre française et internationale des professionnels de la ville” intitulée Les politiques urbaines face à la prosti­tution. Mobilisation des villes pour la répression de la traite aux fins d’exploi­tation sexuelle, la prévention et l’aide aux victimes. À partir des “actes” de cette rencontre, d’une enquête de terrain, d’une revue de la littérature et de la presse quotidienne française pour l’année 2003, cet article questionne la généa­logie contemporaine de l’association de la prostitution aux villes et les raisons qui, à tort ou à raison, motivent cette association. Parmi ces raisons, se cache une instrumentalisation des plus ambiguës de la “jeune prostituée étrangère”, associée à son corps défendant à l’image d’une traite mondiale, donc tenta­culaire. La rencontre nantaise est alors, à l’échelle de la ville, l’illustration, ou la répétition, de mécanismes plus généraux.Under the aegis of the Association of mayors of major French cities, the “First French and international meeting of city professionals” was held at Nantes, in June 2003, entitled Urban policies in dealing with prostitution. The mobilization of cities in the repression of slavery for purposes of sexual exploitation, prevention and aid to victims. Based on the “acts” of this meeting, a field survey, a review of the literature and the daily French press for the year 2003, this article questions the contemporary genealogy of the association of prostitution and cities, and the reasons which, rightly or wrongly, motivate that association. Among these reasons, is hidden a most ambiguous instrumentalization of the “young foreign prostitute”, associated despite herself with the image of a worldwide, and hence tentacular, slave trade. Thus the Nantes meeting is, on a city scale, the

  3. Do estado da universidade: metida num sarcófago ou no Leito de Procrustes?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Olímpio Bento

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio chama a atenção para a grave doença que atingiu a Universidade nos nossos dias. O recurso à metáfora do 'sarcófago' e do 'Leito de Procrustes' visa: acentuar o facto de que a Universidade está a abandonar a sua missão tradicional e a sofrer transformações perigosas; expressar a esperança de que ela se liberte das forças que a constrangem e consiga ressuscitar numa forma nova. Com efeito, a Universidade está sendo capturada pela ideologia, pelo pensamento, pela terminologia e pelos interesses do neoliberalismo e do mercado. Consequentemente, ela perde autonomia e voz e deixa de ter identidade, linguagem e pensamento próprios. Em vez de ser uma instituição ao serviço da Humanidade, da sociedade, da cultura, da democracia e da liberdade, a Universidade torna-se um fator e instrumento de propagação das doutrinas e receitas dos potentados financeiros e 'mercadológicos'. Tudo isto é bem visível no 'reformismo' e nas orientações da sua reorganização e governação, na oferta e no perfil dos seus cursos. Tal como o mercado, a Universidade já não oferece nada; só vende. Assim, a Universidade é cúmplice e corresponsável pela crise civilizacional, cultural, ética, moral e social que grassa no mundo. Em conclusão, a Universidade está a tornar-se uma instituição humana e socialmente irrelevante, sem capacidade de irradiar influências exemplares e positivas. Para reverter a situação, os protagonistas da Universidade têm que a tirar do 'sarcófago' ou do 'Leito de Procrustes', no qual, por ação ou omissão, a deixaram aprisionar.

  4. Exercise Prevents Mental Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purnomo, K. I.; Doewes, M.; Giri, M. K. W.; Setiawan, K. H.; Wibowo, I. P. A.

    2017-03-01

    Multiple current studies show that neuroinflammation may contribute to mental illness such as depression, anxiety, and mood disorder. Chronic inflammation in peripheral tissues is indicated by the increase of inflammatory marker like cytokine IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β. Pro-inflammatory cytokine in peripheral tissues can reach brain tissues and activate microglia and it causes neuroinflammation. Psychological stress may led peripheral and central inflammation. Activated microglia will produce pro-inflammatory cytokine, ROS, RNS, and tryptophan catabolizes. This neuroinflammation can promote metabolism changes of any neurotransmitter, such as serotonin, dopamine, and glutamate that will influence neurocircuit in the brain including basal ganglia and anterior cingulated cortex. It leads to mental illness. Exercise give contribution to reduce tissue inflammation. When muscle is contracting in an exercise, muscle will produce the secretion of cytokine like IL-6, IL-1ra, and IL-10. It will react as anti-inflammation and influence macrophage, T cell, monosit, protein Toll-Like Receptor (TLR), and then reduce neuroinflammation, characterised by the decrease of pro-inflammatory cytokine and prevent the activation of microglia in the brain. The objective of the present study is to review scientific articles in the literature related to the contribution of exercise to prevent and ease mental illness.

  5. Radiation and mental retardation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pochin, E.E.

    1988-01-01

    The editorial comments on a report published by the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima updating information on the induction of mental changes in the light of the revised and more detailed estimate of doses of radiation during pregnancies received by those exposed at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The estimated risks are little changed. The likelihood of a threshold for exposure during the 16th to 25th week is confirmed-at 700 mGy (with a lower 95% confidence interval of 200 mGy). For the more sensitive time between the eighth to 15th weeks a linear model with no threshold still gives a statistically adequate fit to the data. Now, however, if linear models are tested without the constraint of postulating a threshold of zero, fits are obtained indicating substantial thresholds below which mental retardation would not result. When data on all children are included the maximum likelihood threshold value averages about 250 mGy on the different criteria tested (with mean 95% confidence intervals of 0 and 550 mGy). Or if the analyses exclude five children with conditions that themselves sometimes cause mental retardation a threshold of about 400 mGy is indicated (with mean 95% confidence intervals of 150 and 600 mGy). (author)

  6. L'ingénierie lexicale ou la description d'un objet entre l'invention et ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rbr

    ches et publications sur la chanson ou qui influencent son statut dans les champs ... observant les trois phases du cycle de vie terminologique (sa naissance, sa vie ... L'étape ultime de changement .... Matériaux pour une glottopolitique.

  7. The production of Φ in 200 GeV/nucleon S-U and O-U interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baldisseri, A.

    1989-11-01

    Preliminary results on the low mass resonances region (ρ, ω and Φ) from NA38 experiment are presented. The ratio Φ/ω is studied (for high ρ T dimuons) in correlation with the transverse neutral energy E T of the collision. This ratio increases with increasing E T , for both S-U and O-U interactions

  8. Problemas de saúde mental e tabagismo em adolescentes do sul do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M B Menezes

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a associação entre problemas de saúde mental e uso de tabaco em adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 4.325 adolescentes de 15 anos da coorte de nascimentos de 1993 da cidade de Pelotas, RS. Tabagismo foi definido como fumar um ou mais cigarros nos últimos 30 dias. Saúde mental foi avaliada de acordo com o escore total do questionário Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire e escore maior ou igual a 20 pontos foi considerado como positivo. Os dados foram analisados por regressão de Poisson, com ajuste robusto para variância. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de tabagismo foi 6,0% e cerca de 30% dos adolescentes apresentaram algum tipo de problema de saúde mental. Na análise bruta, a razão de prevalências para tabagismo foi de 3,3 (IC95% 2,5; 4,2. Após ajuste (para sexo, idade, cor da pele, renda familiar, escolaridade da mãe, grupo de amigos fumantes, trabalho no último ano, repetência escolar, atividade física de lazer e uso experimental de bebida alcoólica, diminuiu para 1,7 (IC95% 1,2; 2,3 entre aqueles com problemas de saúde mental. CONCLUSÕES: Problemas de saúde mental na adolescência podem ter relação com o consumo de tabaco.

  9. Desertification Assessment Using MEDALUS Model in Watershed Oued El Maleh, Morocco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hicham Lahlaoi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Along with being a dynamic process that affects large areas, desertification is also one of the most serious problems in many countries. The effects of this phenomenon threaten the sustainability of natural resources, namely water resources, agricultural production and major basic infrastructure, specifically roads and habitations. Several factors exacerbate this phenomenon such as the climate dryness, the geological and morphological characteristics of the terrain, the irrational use of space, population growth and the over-exploitation of vegetation and water resources. This work aims to evaluate the desertification index in the Oued-El-Maleh watershed, through the integration of key factors involved in the MEDALUS model (Mediterranean Desertification and Land Use within a GIS. The model includes among its indexes: climate, vegetation, soil and management. Each index was obtained by the combination of sub-indexes. All the factors, measured and integrated into a geographic information system, enabled us to spatialize, on a synthetic map, the degree of the desertification effect throughout the watershed. This map is a managing tool available for decision-making regarding the selection of priority areas in the fight against desertification. High sensitivity to desertification class represents only 35% of the watershed. This class is concentrated in the north of the study area that corresponds to plains and low altitude. This could be explained by the dominance of agro-pastoral activity and the presence of a big population pressure.

  10. Por uma universidade para o mercado ou para todos: democracia e emancipação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edite Maria Sudbrack

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available A temática abordada neste ensaio exige posicionamento das Políticas Educacionais no sentido de superação do atraso histórico das oportunidades de acesso, permanência e qualidade do Ensino Superior no país, na perspectiva de sua democratização. O texto é de caráter teórico, de natureza bibliográfica e qualitativa. O artigo discute os apelos da globalização neoliberal que transforma o conhecimento em mercadoria, impactando no processo de exclusão, sob as determinações originárias dos organismos multilaterais, os quais produzem a transnacionalização das Políticas Educacionais. No horizonte da utopia, reside a luta para que a educação, a cultura, a ciência e o conhecimento sejam tratados como bens a serem solidariamente compartilhados, ou seja como bens públicos, rumo à ampliação das oportunidades.

  11. Rabia al Adawiyya ou l'exaltation de l'amour Divin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Bakhta Abdelhay

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Nul ne pourrait parler de la mystique musulmane sans parler de Rabia al Adawiyya, cette ascète qui vécut toute sa vie cherchant son propre salut. Sa vie entière fut marquée par un dévouement inégalable à l'amour Divin. Notre intervention portera donc sur cette notion de l'amour Divin dans la poésie de Rabia qui, à travers chaque vers, nous emporte dans un monde euphorique ou l'amour de Dieu terrasse l'amour humain. Notre but est de voir comment l'option pour le mysticisme fut pour Rabia la voie pour parvenir à l'élévation religieuse qui réunit l'amour humain à l'amour Divin créant ainsi cette symbiose exaltante qu'est l'union de la créature à son créateur.

  12. Water resources between conditions of quality and quantity in the Oued Souf region!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miloudi, Abdelmonem; Remini, Bouallem

    2018-05-01

    Waters from the Terminal complex (TC) in the Souf region have been gushing since Spring1956 through the first drilling carried out in the municipality of Guemmar (El-Oued) to ensure the need for drinking water requirements. Water needs of the habitat and farmers are increasing with the population growth in the Souf region; there are 153 boreholes in the Terminal complex for Habitat needs, of which more than 80% are available for drinking water supply. These needs are causing negative consequences for the serene life of the Souafa by the phenomenon of water upwellings, the free water table, and the change in the quality of the waters from the Terminal complex. Our work will be conducted to produce a piezometric map of the Souf Terminal complex and to conduct a study on the quality of water resources in the Algerian south-east, leading to a diagnosis of pollution and its impact on the water. The quality of water resources is examined by the establishment of sampling and water analysis campaigns for both irrigation and public consumption, following the static measurement of water levels in the network boreholes of TC Monitoring.

  13. A tarefa dos intelectuais diante da realidade social: denúncia ou combate?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Borges Netto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto tem como proposta responder ao seguinte questionamento: qual a função do intelectual, denúncia ou combate? O que nos diz Florestan Fernandes sobre o papel do intelectual? Para correspondermos ao objetivo do texto, debatemos sobre as tarefas dos intelectuais no processo de transformação e democratização da sociedade brasileira, a partir dos escritos de Florestan Fernandes. Foi possível perceber que Florestan Fernandes segue uma tradição teórico-política de esquerda que defende a unidade entre ciência (teoria e política (prática. Disso compreende-se que Florestan Fernandes considera que tanto a denúncia quanto o combate são tarefas complementares inerentes à conduta do intelectual, porém, fica evidente o peso atribuído por ele à iniciativa prática da luta política, ao combate. Para melhor apresentarmos a nossa análise e os resultados construídos pelo nosso estudo, organizamos o texto da seguinte forma: 1 apresentamos o debate sobre os intelectuais nos escritos de Karl Marx e Antonio Gramsci; 2 analisamos o papel do intelectual no processo de transformação social nos escritos de Florestan Fernandes; por fim, tecemos nossas conclusões.

  14. O batismo de terra, ou Yaka, um romance polifônico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Geralda Miranda

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se com este estudo verificar o “jogo” discursivo polifônico presente no romance Yaka, do escritor angolano, Pepetela, a partir da observação do modo pelo qual os discursos dos narradores são elaborados, formando o todo romanesco. O objetivo não é apenas tentar compreender como as diferentes vozes dialogicamente constituídas colaboram para o acesso ao conteúdo e/ou significados da obra, mas como esse conteúdo é apresentado e significa para o leitor. Para tanto, serão analisados as vozes dos narradores e o discurso da personagem “Yaka” (estátua que, além de obra de arte africana, se apresenta como objeto mágico e dá título ao romance. Na tentativa de “desvendar” o emaranhado de discursos tecidos pelo autor, buscar-se-á, a partir dos conceitos de polifonia e dialogismo empreendidos por Bakhtin e o Círculo, embasar a leitura da obra, ambientada em Angola, durante quatro gerações de uma família de colonos portugueses. Tal abordagem crítica não exclui obviamente a análise da rede histórico-ficcional do romance, nem a análise de seu conteúdo político-ideológico.

  15. Louis Massignon l'amour mystique ou l'extase dans l'abandon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Keryell

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Parler de Massignon et de son Amour de Dieu n'est pas chose aisée. En effet, si les mystiques musulmans des premiers siècles de l'hégire ont été les hérauts de cet Amour : Al-Hallâj, Râbia al-Adawiyya, Al-Niffâri, Ibn Arabi, Ansâri, Al-Ghazâli, l'Amour de Dieu comme tel, n'est pas au cœur du "ilm al kalâm", de la théologie musulmane traditionnelle. Pour Massignon, langue et spiritualité étaient intimement liées. Si je devais me placer dans une perspective musulmane, je dirais que Louis Massignon se situe dans la ligne de la "wahdat al shuhûd", celle de "l'unicité du témoignage" ou Dieu se témoigne Lui-même en son mystère dans le cœur du soufi.

  16. Disreflexia autonômica: uma emergência ou não?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurimar Antonio Demenech

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo de caráter bibliográfico, envolvendo nossa antiga prática profissional, onde são descritos alguns problemas de disreflexia autonômica (DA. Esta é uma síndrome que ocorre em 85% dos pacientes com lesão medular ao nível da sexta vértebra torácica ou acima, que indica uma atividade reflexa anormal do sistema nervoso autônomo, de ocorrência altamente imprevisível e súbita, acarretando risco de vida para o paciente. Surge como resposta a estímulos que são inócuos a pessoas normais. São descritos quais os estímulos desencadeantes, bem como as formas de preveni-los e a assistência de enfermagem a ser prestada na iminência de uma crise.

  17. Vias bilíferas no tapir ou anta (Tapirus americanus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angélica Miglino

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Os autores estudaram as vias bilíferas do tapir ou anta (Tapirus americanus, após injeção do sistema excretor do fígado de 2 animais, machos e adultos, com látex Neoprene 650 corado, fixação das peças com solução aquosa de formol a 10% e dissecação. O ductus choledocus origina-se a partir da confluência do ramus principalis dexter e do sinister, sendo este animal desprovido de vesícula biliar. O ramus principalis dexter é formado pelos ramus ventralis lobi dextri, ramus medius lobi dextri, ramus dorsalis lobi dextri e ramus processi caudati, os quais se unem por diferentes modalidades. O ramus principalis sinister é formado pelos ramus medius lobi sinistri lateralis, ramus dorsalis lobi sinistri lateralis, ramus lobi quadrati, ramus ventralis lobi sinistri lateralis e ramus lobi sinistri medialis, com diferentes arranjos

  18. Mettre en place des solutions durables pour réduire la faim dans le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    16 déc. 2016 ... ... augmenter les revenus des familles d'agriculteurs et améliorer la nutrition dans l'ensemble des pays du Sud. ... mondiaux en sécurité alimentaire et en nutrition et des centaines de milliers d'agriculteurs, ... Articles connexes ...

  19. Mettre en scène l’actualité scientifique

    OpenAIRE

    Grison, Pauline

    2011-01-01

    À partir d’une enquête menée auprès des publics visitant l’espace Science Actualités de la Cité des Sciences et de l’Industrie, l’auteur met en lumière les difficultés rencontrées par les institutions muséales pour traiter l’actualité scientifique et montre, dans le cas du média exposition, la nécessité d’adapter la muséographie traditionnelle pour présenter au public d’une manière fluide et rapide une information souvent complexe et sans cesse renouvelée.

  20. Mettre l'information à la portée du personnel infirmier – Glenville ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 déc. 2010 ... On cherche à établir comment les ANP peuvent influer sur la prestation des soins infirmiers aux malades atteints de diabète, d'hypertension et de VIH. Dix-sept membres du personnel infirmier ont reçu un ANP contenant des logiciels médicaux (dont un dictionnaire médical et un guide de consultation en ...

  1. Mettre un terme à la violence faite aux femmes | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 nov. 2012 ... Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR) ... La violence contre les femmes ne se résume pas aux gestes posés. ... Dans une culture admettant la violence à l'endroit des femmes, ce fait est important; ... Indian Institute of Management

  2. Partenariat pour mettre les technologies de l'information et de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Department for International Development (DFID) du Royaume-Uni a conclu un partenariat avec les responsables du domaine de programme Technologies de l'information et de la communication au service du développement (TIC-D) afin de soutenir les recherches visant à améliorer les moyens de subsistance et la ...

  3. Partenariat pour mettre les technologies de l'information et de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Journal supplement features 10 years of West African health systems research. In the wake of the devastating Ebola virus outbreak in 2014, increased attention has been paid to West Africa's poorly functioning health systems. View moreJournal supplement features 10 years of West African health systems research ...

  4. Mettre en application les leçons des évaluations | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 févr. 2011 ... ... tous satisfaire aux mêmes critères d'excellence », mentionne Karen Ginsberg, gestionnaire de l'IPDET. « Avec de bonnes évaluations, les gouvernements et organisations sont à même de prendre de bonnes décisions concernant leurs programmes et projets. On peut alors parler de bonne gouvernance.

  5. Mettre fin à la violence faite aux femmes | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    25 nov. 2014 ... Légiférer ne suffira pas à changer ces perceptions; c'est une tâche à laquelle doit ... la situation dans son ensemble, y compris les attitudes à l'égard des femmes, ... A women raises her hand in a crowd of people in India ... Two Bolivian women with their young children, one woman talks on a cellphone ...

  6. [Mental Health: Concepts, Measures, Determinants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doré, Isabelle; Caron, Jean

    Objectives This article aims to situate the concept of mental health in a historical perspective. This article presents the most commonly used measurement tools in Canada and elsewhere in the world to assess specific and multiple dimensions of mental health; when available, psychometric properties are discussed. Finally, research findings on quality of life and mental health determinants are presented.Methods A literature review of concepts, measurement and determinants of mental health is presented in this paper. The selection of measurement scales presented is based on the findings of the research reports conducted by the second author, an expert on mental health measures, for Health Canada and Statistics Canada.Results Mental health is more than the absence of mental illness; rather it is a state of complete well-being, which refers to our ability to enjoy life and deal with the challenges we face. Accordingly, mental health and mental illness are not extremes of the same continuum, but distinct yet correlated concepts. The traditional conceptualization suggesting that mental health represents simply the absence of mental illness has been replaced, in the last few decades, by a more holistic characterization, which directly concerns public health. The components of mental health include emotional well-being/quality of life (QOL) and psychological and social well-being. Mental health influences the personal and social functioning of individuals, justifying the importance of intervening upstream to promote mental health. Specific scales are relevant for obtaining a detailed measure of one aspect of well-being in particular (emotional/quality of life, psychological or social well-being); however, to account for the global mental health status, measurement tools that integrate all three forms of well-being (emotional, psychological and social) should be privileged. A diversity of determinants at the individual, social and neighbourhood levels influence quality of

  7. De l’embauche à la démission ou les écueils du travail associatif dans les associations locales de solidarité internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Gateau, Matthieu

    2010-01-01

    A partir d’une pré-enquête réalisée dans deux associations de solidarité internationale impliquée dans le commerce équitable et partant du constat que le turn-over des salariés y est important, nous avons cherché à comprendre pourquoi, après quelques mois, les nouvelles recrues décident de mettre prématurément un terme à leur activité. Nous nous sommes intéressé à la fois aux organisations, aux salariés mais aussi aux bénévoles présents dans ces collectifs afin d’appréhender l’ensemble des in...

  8. New percepts via mental imagery?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Walter Mast

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available We are able to extract detailed information from mental images that we were not explicitly aware of during encoding. For example, we can discover a new figure when we rotate a previously seen image in our mind. However, such discoveries are not really new but just new interpretations. In two recent publications, we have shown that mental imagery can lead to perceptual learning (Tartaglia et al., 2009, 2012. Observers imagined the central line of a bisection stimulus for thousands of trials. This training enabled observers to perceive bisection offsets that were invisible before training. Hence, it seems that perceptual learning via mental imagery leads to new percepts. We will argue, however, that these new percepts can occur only within known models. In this sense, perceptual learning via mental imagery exceeds new discoveries in mental images. Still, the effects of mental imagery on perceptual learning are limited. Only perception can lead to really new perceptual experience.

  9. Mental health and disorders. Editorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich

    2014-01-01

    Mental health and mental disorders pose a tremendous challenge to the societal, health, and research policies in Europe, and sound advice is needed on a potential strategy for mental health research investment. Toward this goal, the ROAMER initiative ("Roadmap for Mental Health Research in Europe") was launched to map the current state of the art, to identify gaps and to delineate advances needed in various areas and domains of mental health research in Europe. To further stimulate discussions among the scientific community and stakeholders on how to improve mental health research and to promote an improved research agenda for the next decade, this IJMPR topic issue presents the overall ROAMER methodology as well as a series of selected papers highlighting critical issues of psychological approaches and interventions as outcomes of the ROAMER work package 5 "Psychological research and treatments". Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. Hawaii's public mental health system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanderVoort, Debra J

    2005-03-01

    The following article addresses the nature of and problems with the public mental health system in Hawaii. It includes a brief history of Hawaii's public mental health system, a description and analysis of this system, economic factors affecting mental health, as well as a needs assessment of the elderly, individuals with severe mental illness, children and adolescents, and ethnically diverse individuals. In addition to having the potential to increase suicide rates and unnecessarily prolong personal suffering, problems in the public mental health system such as inadequate services contribute to an increase in social problems including, but not limited to, an increase in crime rates (e.g., domestic violence, child abuse), divorce rates, school failure, and behavioral problems in children. The population in need of mental health services in Hawaii is under served, with this inadequacy of services due to economic limitations and a variety of other factors.

  11. Physiotherapy students’ mental health assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Gesouli-Voltyraki –E.; Charisi E.; Papastergiou D.; Κostopoulou S.; Borou A.; Alverti V.; Avlakiotis K.; Spanos S.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Educational environment has a serious impact on students’ mental health. Few data are available on mental health of Physiotherapy students. Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the mental heath of students in a tertiary Physiotherapy Department during the 3rd years of studies. Material and methods: 80 males and females physiotherapy students of the 5th and 6th semester of a tertiary Physiotherapy Department filled in the GHQ-28 questionnaire. Comparisons between groups w...

  12. Gaius Caligula's mental illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidwell, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    The strange behavior of emperor Gaius has been the subject of debate for many historians. Some charge him with madness and attribute it to his illness in A.D. 37, whereas others believe it occurred later, or else had nothing to do with his sickness.We have no real evidence to reconstruct his mental state. Therefore speculations about madness are fruitless, as they can't be proven. Also, his madness belongs to a discourse which originates mainly from the senatorial narrative that sought to discredit him through any means possible. Thus, his acts should be seen from other angles, and the search for "mad Caligula" abandoned.

  13. Stigmatization and mental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulsum Ozge Doganavsargil Baysal

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Stigmatizasyon represent a chronic negative interaction with the environment that most of people with a of diagnosis mental disorders. Different types of stigma may have harmful effects. Poor psychological well being, poor quality of life and poor self esteem are related stigmatization. In this article, definition and mechanism of stigmatization, influenced factors and consequences of stigmatization are reviewed. Stigmatization is a modifiable environmental risk factor. Integrating approaches against stigma in treatment may represent cost-effective way to reduce the risk of relapse and poor outcome occasioned by chronic exposure to stigma. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2013; 22(2.000: 239-251

  14. Mental models of radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saito, Kiyoko

    2005-01-01

    Laymen and experts participated in interviews designed to reveal their 'mental models' of the processes potentially causing the miscommunications between experts and the public. We analyzed their responses in terms of an 'expert model' circumscribing scientifically relevant information. From results, there are gaps even between experts. Experts on internal exposure focused mainly on artificial radiation and high level of radiation. Experts on radiation biology focused on medical radiation, level of risk, environmental radiation, and hot springs. Experts on dosimetric performance focused on atomic power generation and needs of radiological protection. It means that even experts, they have interests only on their own specialized field. (author)

  15. Eletrocardiografia em onças-pardas (Puma concolor anestesiadas com sevoflurano ou isoflurano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.R. Oliveira

    Full Text Available RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever os achados eletrocardiográficos de 11 onças- pardas (Puma concolor. Os animais foram sedados com 0,15mg/kg de detomidina associado a 5mg/kg de cetamina e mantidos anestesiados com sevoflurano (GSEVO, n=6 ou isoflurano (GISO, n=5. A frequência cardíaca foi de 95 ± 13bpm. As alterações observadas nos animais no GSEVO foram: atrial standtill com condução ventricular, episódios isolados de contração ventricular prematura, bloqueio atrioventricular de primeiro grau, diminuição da amplitude do complexo QRS, onda S profunda e aumento da amplitude da onda T. No grupo GISO, observou-se bloqueio de ramo direito do feixe de His, bloqueio atrioventricular de primeiro grau e aumento da amplitude da onda T. Arritmias não puderam ser associadas ao uso dos anestésicos inalatórios devido à não sensibilização do miocárdio às catecolaminas. Achados como o BAV de primeiro grau pode ter ocorrido devido ao uso de agonistas α-2 adrenérgicos. Este estudo aumentou o conhecimento sobre as alterações eletrocardiográficas em onças-pardas anestesiadas, entretanto mais estudos são necessários para correlacionar estes achados ao uso de agentes anestésicos.

  16. Por uma epistemologia do estranhamento, ou como interpretar em situações de limiaridade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosamaria Rocha

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Tomando como referência epistemológica efeitos provocados pela violência contemporânea, discursiva e midiatizada, o artigo problematiza lugares possíveis a serem ocupados pelas teorias da comunicação diante da violência como fato social demarcado por incessantes processos de simbolização. Propõe, neste sentido, a possibilidade de uma narrativa sobre a violência que toma por inspiração o princípio lyotardiano da anamnese, defendendo, igualmente, sua localização em uma linhagem teórica ancorada no pensamento crítico. Propõe, finalmente, identificar dinâmicas de consumo cultural que, no Brasil, sinalizam reapropriações de cenas de violência, seja para afirmá-la, seja para contestá-la ou contrapô-la. Palavras-chave: Violência; comunicação; consumo. Abstract Taking as an epistemological reference the effects of contemporary violence, both discursive and mediated, the article focuses on communication theories, considering among other facts the symbolic forms with which social violence is constructed. It postulates, in this direction, the possibilityof a narrative that takes for inspiration lyotard’s principle of anamnese, defending, equally, its localization in the theoretical framework of critical theory. Finally, intends to identify some dynamics of cultural consumption that, in Brazil, signal re-appropriations of violence scenes, either to affirm or contest it. Keywords: Violence; communication; consumption.

  17. Estilos motivacionais de professores: preferência por controle ou por autonomia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amélia Carolina Terra Alves Machado

    Full Text Available A motivação é fundamental para o envolvimento dos estudantes na escola. Para a teoria da autodeterminação, o estilo motivacional do professor, que pode controlar ou promover a autonomia, contribui para fomentar a ocorrência de tipos qualitativamente diferenciados de motivação. Neste estudo, de natureza exploratória, foram analisadas as interações entre dois professores e seus alunos. A amostra foi composta de acordo com o desempenho de 39 professores na avaliação do estilo motivacional, mediante a aplicação de um instrumento de autorrelato, problemas na escola. Desse total, dois professores, um com estilo motivacional promotor de autonomia e outro com uma orientação para o controle, tiveram suas aulas observadas em sete sessões, com o objetivo de levantar dados para a elaboração de um protocolo que continha categorias de interações. Foram então realizadas outras sete sessões de observação. Os resultados indicaram que, apesar de terem sido encontradas diferenças entre os desempenhos na avaliação do estilo motivacional, os professores interagiram com seus alunos de modo preferencialmente controlador. No entanto, o professor que promovia a autonomia interagiu de modo menos controlador no gerenciamento do tempo destinado para a realização das atividades em classe quando comparado ao professor controlador, além de oferecer feedback informativo. As implicações educacionais dos resultados são analisadas.

  18. O mexilhão Perna perna no Brasil: nativo ou exótico?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.S. Pierri

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A mitilicultura no Brasil se baseia no mexilhão Perna perna (Linnaeus, 1758, que é encontrado em todo o litoral brasileiro, sendo especialmente abundante do Espírito Santo a Santa Catarina. Nos últimos anos, foi lançada a hipótese de que P. perna seja uma espécie exótica no litoral brasileiro. A hipótese se baseia na análise da malacofauna presente em sítios arqueológicos. Todas as contestações levantadas não remetem à uma conclusão, pois precisam de estudos específicos, com metodologias claras, aliando arqueologia, ecologia e biologia molecular. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a condição de nativo ou exótico do mexilhão Perna perna no Brasil, a partir de levantamento dos resultados em sítios arqueológicos, de técnicas moleculares e de datação de conchas com C14. A datação indicou que as amostras de Perna perna do sítio arqueológico Rio do Meio/Jurerê, Florianópolis/SC, têm idade de 720±30 e 780±30 anos. O cálculo do tempo de divergência indicou que a separação das populações brasileiras e africanas ocorreu por volta de 200 mil anos. Os resultados apontam a presença da espécie no território brasileiro muito antes do descobrimento do Brasil pelos portugueses no ano de 1500, indicando que P. perna é de fato uma espécie nativa.

  19. FORMAÇÃO HUMANA OU PRODUÇÃO DE RESULTADOS? TRABALHO DOCENTE NA ENCRUZILHADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olinda Evangelista

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A metáfora da “encruzilhada” foi usada por Fernando de Azevedo, nos anos de 1920, para obscurecer os diferentes interesses de classes sob o litígio “tradicionais e renovadores” e definir o sentido burguês da escola pública. A encruzilhada de classe, então elidida por Azevedo, permanece e a essencial relação Capital-Trabalho tem sido dissolvida na designação “rico e pobre”. O debate proposto refere-se à encruzilhada do trabalho docente: produção de resultados ou formação humana. Baseadas em análises de documentos educacionais de Organizações Multilaterais, do Aparelho de Estado e numa literatura nacional e internacional, problematizamos as políticas destinadas aos professores, como as de recrutamento, avaliação, formação e gestão. Objetivamos colaborar para o esforço de compreender o horizonte do trabalho docente: compromisso com a educação da classe trabalhadora, promoção da contrainteriorização do projeto burguês, desalienação, formação da consciência crítica nos cursos de formação docente e nas lutas sociais, construção de um projeto histórico a contrapelo das demandas capitalistas. Concluímos que os professores são combatidos porque podem ensinar crianças, jovens e adultos a pensar historicamente de modo que questionem as relações sociais capitalistas e possam se ver como arquitetos do futuro, tendo como norte outra ordem social.

  20. WEB 2.0: DESAFIO INSUPERÁVEL OU OPORTUNIDADE PARA A INCLUSÃO DIGITAL?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Marafiga Camozzato

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo abordar a problemática da exclusão digital sob o enfoque do analfabetismo funcional, salientando a importância da inclusão social efetiva como elemento importante na definição dessas terminologias. Também é objetivo do artigo observar esses conceitos quando relacionados com a aceleração das necessidades sociais e econômicas trazidas pela sociedade conectada em rede, notadamente após o advento da Web 2.0. Busca-se questionar – sem responder - se o cenário atual é de desafio desanimador ou de oportunidade para a inclusão digital. Para isso, são analisadas as conceituações trabalhadas antecipadamente, de “analfabetismo funcional” e de “exclusão digital”, em comparação com as novas necessidades e oportunidades sociais surgidas a partir da conexão instantânea oferecida pelas redes sociais e plataformas de colaboração. Para fins de ilustração otimista, são apresentados alguns exemplos de iniciativas de inclusão digital em redes sociais inclusivas, as quais obtiveram resultados satisfatórios. Ao fim, tece-se alguns comentários sobre políticas governamentais aplicadas atualmente, apenas para reflexão quanto a sua utilidade no atual cenário tecnológico.

  1. O Marketing Relacional no mercado massivo: teoria ou prática real

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Wakabayashi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available O paradigma do marketing relacional, assim como seus precedentes, foi rapidamente incorporado no léxico e caixa de ferramentas da gerência de marketing. Junto com o conceito, os teóricos também elaboraram técnicas que são essenciais para tornar operativo o emprego do mesmo, sendo a mais importante, o desenvolvimento de um processo de gestão do cliente, e dentro deste o uso e a aplicação da pedra angular do enfoque relacional, o conceito do Valor do Ciclo de Vida do Cliente (Customer Lifetime Vale - CLV, e da ferramenta do valor presente dos fluxos futuros gerados (VAN por um cliente durante o período em que este conserve tal condição, que resulta essencial para tomar decisões sobre a estratégia de trabalho com os clientes que permite à empresa alcançar e/ou manter vantagem competitiva. A evidência encontrada leva a sugerir que, não obstante as empresas do setor são proclives a adotar o paradigma do marketing relacional, ainda coexistem com enfoques de conceitos de marketing transacional, isto pela incipiente aplicação do conceito e a técnica do Valor do Ciclo de Vida do Cliente (CLV em países da América Latina como parte do processo de gestão de clientes. A falta de aplicação do mesmo em setores dinâmicos como o consumo massivo constitui, em consequência, um tópico de interesse para a ciência administrativa e particularmente, para a disciplina do marketing; daí a intenção do artículo de chamar a atenção sobre este fato.

  2. Mental models of the operator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stary, I.

    2004-01-01

    A brief explanation is presented of the mental model concept, properties of mental models and fundamentals of mental models theory. Possible applications of such models in nuclear power plants are described in more detail. They include training of power plant operators, research into their behaviour and design of the operator-control process interface. The design of a mental model of an operator working in abnormal conditions due to power plant malfunction is outlined as an example taken from the literature. The model has been created based on analysis of experiments performed on a nuclear power plant simulator, run by a training center. (author)

  3. Bioética e pesquisa em saúde mental Bioethics and research into mental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlene Braz

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute as pesquisas no campo da saúde mental, analisando questões éticas envolvidas e uso do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. Para alcançar os objetivos, foram seguidos dois percursos principais: (1 breve histórico dos diferentes tratamentos e pesquisas com pacientes com transtornos mentais ou deficiência; (2 análise teórico-conceitual dos principais problemas relativos ao campo da saúde mental, quais sejam a noção de vulnerabilidade, competência e autonomia e o uso de grupos-controle com placebo. Duas perguntas principais move-ram a reflexão: se o paciente com transtornos mentais pode assinar o Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido e se uso de placebo é aceitável. Concluiu-se pela existência de posições antagônicas e contraditórias, indicando que a pesquisa em saúde mental está minada por vieses de difícil solução. Não se pode, entretanto, deixar de lado, pelas dificuldades, as investigações éticas que contribuam para a cura dos transtornos mentais, devendo se atentar para as mudanças que vêm ocorrendo em razão da Reforma Psiquiátrica no Brasil, que tem mudado concepções arcaicas acerca do que seja doença mental e de como esse grupo deve ser compreendido e tratado.This article discusses research in the field of mental health, examining the ethical is sues involved and the use of Informed Consent. In order to achieve these objectives two main approaches were used: (1 a brief history of the different treatments and research with patients with mental illness or disability; (2 theoretical and conceptual analysis of the main problems concerning the mental health field, namely the notion of vulnerability, responsibility and autonomy and the use of placebo control groups. Two main questions prompted the reflection on whether the patient with a mental disorder can sign an Informed Consent, and whether the use of a placebo is acceptable. The existence of antagonistic and contradictory

  4. Breakfast and mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, A P

    1998-09-01

    The objective of the present investigation was to study the relationship between breakfast consumption and subjective reports of mental health and health-related behaviours in a general population sample (126 subjects aged between 20 and 79 years). Individuals who consumed a cereal breakfast each day were less depressed, less emotionally distressed and had lower levels of perceived stress than those who did not eat breakfast each day. Those who consumed breakfast had a healthier lifestyle than the others in that they were less likely to be smokers, drank less alcohol and had a healthier diet. However, the relationship between cereal breakfast consumption and mental health did not reflect these differences in the smoking, alcohol consumption and diet. In conclusion, there is an association between breakfast consumption and well-being which cannot entirely be accounted for by differences in other aspects of diet or smoking and alcohol consumption. Further intervention studies are now needed to establish whether causal relationships and mechanisms underlie the associations seen in this study.

  5. Acute mental health care and South African mental health legislation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    information on mental health care outcome, to do a cost analysis and to establish a quality assurance cycle that may facilitate a cost ... clinical record reviews of mental health service delivery, training ... (d) describe the demographic and clinical profile of HIV positive ..... accommodate the differentiated but integrated care of.

  6. Acute mental health care according to recent mental health ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: This is the third of three reports on the follow-up review of mental health care at Helen Joseph Hospital (HJH). The study reviewed existing South African standards for mental health care facilities. Architectural principles and implications for the use of space were deducted from recent legislation. Objectives were to ...

  7. Acute mental health care and South African mental health legislation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: This is the first of three reports on a follow-up review of mental health care at Helen Joseph Hospital (HJH). In this first part, qualitative and quantitative descriptions were made of the services and of demographic and clinical data on acute mental health care users managed at HJH, in a retrospective review of ...

  8. Saúde mental versus doença mental

    OpenAIRE

    Sá, Luís

    2010-01-01

    Neste artigo são sintetizadas um conjunto de leituras realizadas para a moderação da mesa “Saúde Mental versus Doença Mental”. Pretendemos contribuir para a reflexão sobre a dificuldade de consensos para a definição objectiva de saúde e doença mental.

  9. Development of Mental Health Indicators in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Hyeree; Ahn, Dong Hyun; Song, Jinhee; Hwang, Tae Yeon

    2012-01-01

    Objective Promoting mental health and preventing mental health problems are important tasks for international organizations and nations. Such goals entail the establishment of active information networks and effective systems and indicators to assess the mental health of populations. This being said, there is a need in Korea develop ways to measure the state of mental health in Korea. Methods This paper reviews the mental health indicator development policies and practices of seven organizations, countries, and regions: WHO, OECD, EU, United States, Australia, UK, and Scotland. Using Delphi method, we conducted two surveys of mental health indicators for experts in the field of mental health. The survey questionnaire included 5 domains: mental health status, mental health factor, mental health system, mental health service, and quality of mental health services. We considered 124 potential mental health indicators out of more than 600 from indicators of international organizations and foreign countries. Results We obtained the top 30 mental health indicators from the surveys. Among them, 10 indicators belong to the mental health system. The most important five mental health indicators are suicide rate, rate of increase in mental disorder treatment, burden caused by mental disorders, adequacy of identifying problems of mental health projects and deriving solutions, and annual prevalence of mental disorders. Conclusion Our study provides information about the process for indicator development and the use of survey results to measure the mental health status of the Korean population. The aim of mental health indicator development is to improve the mental health system by better grasping the current situation. We suggest these mental health indicators can monitor progress in efforts to implement reform policies, provide community services, and involve users, families and other stakeholders in mental health promotion, prevention, care and rehabilitation. PMID:23251193

  10. The dating of the fourth volume of Guillaume-Antoine Olivier's "Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des insectes".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bousquet, Yves

    2018-01-01

    Despite the title page is dated 1795, the fourth volume of Olivier's Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des insectes was issued in two parts, one probably in 1795 and the second in 1800. All new taxa made available in this work have previously been dated 1795 in the literature. A list of new species described in 1795 and a list of those that have to be dated 1800 are appended. The genus Necrobia should be credited to Latreille, 1797, not Olivier, 1795.

  11. A crise energética argentina: fonte de conflito ou oportunidade de cooperação?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Paulo de Araujo Ribeiro

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Recentemente a crise enérgica na Argentina ganhou repercussão mundial.  Nesse sentido o presente artigo busca analisar essa situação e as implicações que ela terá no cenário regional e mundial, em termos de possibilitar a cooperação ou gerar conflito.

  12. Potenciais interações entre fármacos e produtos à base de valeriana ou alho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo F. Alexandre

    Full Text Available Atualmente, as potenciais interações entre fármacos e plantas medicinais e/ou medicamentos fitoterápicos são objetos de inúmeros estudos. Tais estudos são motivados pelo fato de que a fitoterapia é amplamente utilizada em associação com diversos fármacos. Nesta revisão, as informações sobre as principais interações entre produtos elaborados com valeriana ou alho foram localizadas, avaliadas e sistematizadas. Verificou-se que tais plantas podem alterar os perfis farmacocinéticos e/ou farmacodinâmicos de diversos fármacos, podendo provocar conseqüências graves aos pacientes. A valeriana pode aumentar os efeitos adversos dos benzodiazepínicos, reduzir a biodisponibilidade dos fármacos metabolizados pelo sistema P450-CYP3A4 e provocar hemorragias graves quando utilizada juntamente com anticoagulantes orais e antiplaquetários. O alho pode aumentar a biodisponibilidade dos relaxantes musculares, potencializar os efeitos terapêuticos e adversos dos hipoglicemiantes, provocar hemorragias quando administrado juntamente com anticoagulantes orais e antiplaquetários e reduzir a biodisponibilidade dos anti-retrovirais inibidores de protease. Porém, tais potenciais interações não são consensos na literatura, visto que há limitações metodológicas e diferenças significativas entre os estudos localizados. Mesmo assim, o uso de produtos à base de valeriana ou alho, associado com determinados fármacos, deve ser adequadamente monitorado por um profissional da área da saúde.

  13. Implementation of Enhanced Attenuation at the DOE Mound Site OU-1 Landfill: Accelerating Progress and Reducing Costs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hooten, Gwendolyn [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management; Cato, Rebecca [Navarro Research and Engineering; Looney, Brian [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC

    2016-03-06

    At the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Legacy Management, Mound, Ohio, Site, chlorinated organic contaminants (cVOCs) originating from the former solid-waste landfill have impacted groundwater in Operable Unit 1 (OU-1). The baseline groundwater remedy was groundwater pump and treat (P&T). Since the source materials have been removed from the landfill, the Mound core team, which consists of DOE, US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), Ohio EPA, and other stakeholders, is assessing the feasibility of switching from the active P&T remedy to a passive attenuation-based remedy. Toward this end, an enhanced attenuation (EA) strategy based on the creation of structured geochemical zones was developed. This EA strategy addresses the residual areas of elevated cVOCs in soil and groundwater while minimizing the rebound of groundwater concentrations above regulatory targets (e.g., maximum contaminant levels [MCLs]) and avoiding plume expansion while the P&T system is turned off. The EA strategy has improved confidence and reduced risk on the OU-1 groundwater transition path to monitored natural attenuation (MNA). To better evaluate the EA strategy, DOE is conducting a field demonstration to evaluate the use of edible oils to enhance the natural attenuation processes. The field demonstration is designed to determine whether structured geochemical zones can be established that expedite the attenuation of cVOCs in the OU-1 groundwater. The EA approach at OU-1 was designed based on “structured geochemical zones” and relies on groundwater flow through a succession of anaerobic and aerobic zones. The anaerobic zones stimulate relatively rapid degradation of the original solvent source compounds (e.g., cVOCs such as tetrachloroethene [PCE] and trichloroethene [TCE]). The surrounding aerobic areas encourage relatively rapid degradation of daughter products (such as dichloroethene [DCE] and vinyl chloride [VC]) as well as enhanced cometabolism of TCE resulting from

  14. Particularities of family planning in women with mental disorders Particularidades de la planificación familiar de mujeres portadoras de trastorno mental Particularidades do planejamento familiar de mulheres portadoras de transtorno mental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiane Gomes Guedes

    2009-10-01

    particularidades en el planificación familiar de ese público. No hubo asociación estadística entre los diagnósticos médicos y el uso correcto o incorrecto de los métodos anticonceptivos. Las mujeres portadoras de trastorno mental presentan una demanda para la atención de la planificación familiar específica e integral.Objetivou-se identificar o perfil gineco-obstétrico de mulheres portadoras de transtorno mental, verificar a associação entre diagnóstico médico de transtorno mental e uso correto/incorreto dos métodos anticoncepcionais e verificar diagnósticos, frequência de internações e variedades de medicamentos consumidos. Participaram 255 mulheres atendidas em um Centro de Atenção Psicossocial. Os dados foram coletados por meio de revisão de prontuário e entrevista estruturada. A hereditariedade de alguns transtornos mentais, internação psiquiátrica como causa de interrupção da anticoncepção, uso de anticoncepcionais que independem do controle pessoal, interação medicamentosa entre psicotrópicos e anticoncepcionais orais, participação do parceiro e/ou de familiares na escolha reprodutiva e prática anticonceptiva constituíram particularidades no planejamento familiar desse público-alvo. Não houve associação estatística entre os diagnósticos médicos e uso correto ou incorreto dos métodos anticoncepcionais. Mulheres portadoras de transtorno mental possuem demanda para atendimento de planejamento familiar específico e integral.

  15. Chronic diseases and mental disorder.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhaak, P.F.M.; Heijmans, M.J.W.M.; Peters, L.; Rijken, M.

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to achieve a better understanding of the relationship between chronic medical illness and mental distress. Therefore, the association between chronic medical illness and mental distress was analysed, taking into account the modifying effects of generic disease

  16. Substance Use and Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Alcohol Tobacco Learn More Substance Use and Mental Health Drugs and Alcohol Did you know that addiction ... Plus – also en Español Treatment Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA): SAMHSA’s National Helpline: 1-800-662- ...

  17. Teenage Pregnancy and Mental Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Corcoran

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the intersection between adolescent pregnancy and mental health. The research involving mental health risks for adolescent pregnancy and for parents who are teenagers are discussed. Depression and conduct disorder have emerged with the most attention. Research-based treatment of these disorders in adolescents is presented.

  18. Mental Disorders and Suicidal Intention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litman, Robert E.

    1987-01-01

    Explores use of psychological autopsies to clarify intention in suicide. Compares clinical experience with courtroom experience. Discusses the "decriminalization" of suicide and insurance concerns, mental disorders, and intention to commit suicide. Notes that capacity to have the intent to commit suicide is lost due to mental disorders only under…

  19. International Students and Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes-Mewett, Helen; Sawyer, Anne-Maree

    2016-01-01

    Since the early 2000s, reports of increased rates of mental ill health among young people worldwide have received much attention. Several studies indicate a greater incidence of mental health problems among tertiary students, compared with the general population, and higher levels of anxiety, in particular, among international students compared…

  20. What Do Mental Terms Mean?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Jay

    2010-01-01

    Psychologists and philosophers have long been interested in two questions: (a) What do mental terms mean? and (b) what role do mental terms play in explanations of behavior? In the current sketch I review how mediational neobehaviorism, cognitive psychology, and the radical behaviorism of B. F. Skinner address these questions. In so doing, I seek…

  1. Ortodontia como atividade de meio ou resultado? Orthodontics as a support or core activity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erivaldo Ferreira Lopes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta a Ortodontia como atividade de meio, abordando as obrigações profissionais e as formas de se evitar e de se defender de ações judiciais. A grande parte dos litígios entre pacientes e ortodontistas se dá pelo fato equivocado, que ainda perdura, de que muitos juristas consideram a Ortodontia uma especialidade de fim, quando, na verdade, sua prática está sujeita a fatores que a caracterizam como atividade de meio. A Ortodontia deve ser, portanto, considerada uma obrigação de meio, onde o profissional tem o dever de utilizar todos os meios possíveis para atingir as expectativas do paciente, sem, entretanto, ter a obrigação de atingir o resultado idealizado. O ortodontista deve ser responsabilizado somente quando incorrer em imprudência, negligência, imperícia ou em caso de propaganda enganosa. Para evitar litígios, o ortodontista deve ter uma boa conduta profissional, registrando e mantendo arquivadas todas as etapas do tratamento, efetuando diagnósticos diferenciados, baseados nas características individuais, e escolhendo e conduzindo adequadamente o plano de tratamento.This study presents Orthodontics as a support activity, approaching professional obligations and ways to avoid and defend against legal action. A considerable part of litigation between patients and orthodontists results from the mistaken fact, which still persists, that many scholars regard Orthodontics as a core activity. In reality, its practice is subjected to factors that characterize it as a support activity. Orthodontics must be, therefore, regarded as a support obligation, whereupon the professional has the obligation to make use of all means possible to meet the patient's expectations - without, however, having the obligation to achieve the idealized result. The orthodontist must be made responsible only upon acts of imprudence, negligence, malpractice, or in the case of false advertising. In order to avoid litigation

  2. Dos encontros entre palhaças ou pistas para uma cartografia lúdica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Bentes Flores

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo atravessa algumas pistas para a constituição de uma cartografia lúdica, perpassada pelo mergulho na sinceridade da autora em sua experiência de mulher palhaça amazônida, desejosa de estabelecer encontros e transcriá-los ou transvê-los em um processo criativo, que é também pesquisa. Para tanto, segue em busca dos caminhos que a levam aos encontros, a partir do conceito de ritornelo deleuziano, desvelando o delineamento de um olhar, atravessado por memórias da infância, trechos poéticos e recortes de conceitos, a partir dos quais reconhece a relevância da mulher cômica e do território amazônida onde a autora está situada, enquanto constituíntes de um mapa, construído em jogo, ora correspondente à própria pesquisa, ora ao processo criativo em que deve resultar. Entre potências pessoais de seu feminino amazônida, a autora revela o processo de entranhar-se no objeto de pesquisa e criação, assumindo-o em jogo para sua cartografia. ABSTRACT This article runs through some clues to compose a playful cartography, wrought by the dip in the author’s sincerity, on her experience as Amazonian clown woman, willing to set up mee¬tings and transcriate them in a creative process, which is research also. Therefore, the author follows in search of paths that lead to encounters, throw the deleuzian concept of refrain, un¬veiling the design of a look, crossed by childhood memories, poetic excerpts and concepts clippings, from which she recognizes the importance of the clown woman and the Amazonian territory, where her performance is located, as constituents of a map, built in game, sometimes corresponding to the research itself, sometimes to the creative process that it might result. Among her personal Amazonian female potency, the author reveals the process of becoming ingrained on the object of research and creation, assuming it on a game, for her cartography. KEYWORDS: Clown women, cartography, play

  3. Estudo comparativo do ciclo evolutivo de Rhodnius neglectus alimentados em pombos ou camundongos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liléia Diotaiuti

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available Baseados no encontro de 77,2% de reação de precipitina positiva para soro antiave de R. neglectus capturados em palmeiras da periferia de Belo Horizonte, estudamos o ciclo evolutivo de uma colonia recém-estabelecida no laboratório alimentada com sangue de pombo ou camundongo, na expectativa de demonstrarmos maior adaptação deste triatomíneo ao sangue da ave. Para comparação, estudamos o ciclo evolutivo destes insetos numa colônia há muito mantida em insetário. Nossos resultados mostram um desenvolvimento mais rápido da colônia recém- estabelecida, assim como do lote de triatomíneos alimentado em camundongo. Esses achados sugerem menor potencial biológico para triatomíneos criados por longo tempo em insetário em comparação a novas colônias. Sendo as aves os principais habitantes das palmeiras, a aparente preferência alimentar por sangue de aves demonstrada pela reação de precipitina parece ser circunstancial e não seletiva na busca do sangue com o qual o triatomíneo obteria melhor desenvolvimento.Feeding pattems of R. neglectus collected in palm trees around Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil were investigated. Precipitin tests showed 77.2% of avian blood. In view of these results, a new colony of R. neglectus established in the laboratory was fed regularly on pigeons or mice, in order to verify a possible better adaptation of this insect to the avian blood. As a control group a colony of R neglectus which has been maintained for several years in the laboratory was also observed. The results show a better development of the “new" colony in comparison with the old one, and of those bugs nourished with mice blood. Such findings suggest a poorer biological potential for triatomines maintained for long time in artificial conditions, in comparison with those living in the natural environment. As birds are the main vertebrate inhabitants of palm trees (the natural ecotope of R neglectus, the apparent feeding preference of

  4. Mes chers collègues, les moines, ou le partage de l’ignorance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Caillet

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Mes chers collègues, les moines, ou le partage de l’ignorance. Aucun statut ne m’a autant étonnée que celui de collègue qui me fut conféré par les moines du Grand monastère de l’Est, à Nara. Après avoir testé mes connaissances en matière de rituel, ces moines fort savants manifestèrent en effet, avec ostentation, leur ignorance. Pointant pour moi des détails liturgiques qu’ils tenaient pour incompréhensibles, ils prirent un plaisir évident à bavarder histoire et théologie, comme si je pouvais apporter quoi que ce soit. Cette mise en scène du caractère incompréhensible du rituel soulignait le caractère ineffable de cérémonies jadis accomplies au ciel par des entités supérieures. Je fournissais prétexte à décrire la vanité de l’érudition face à l’accomplissement des mystères et aussi l’importance de cette érudition pour renouer avec un sens originel irrémédiablement inconnaissable.My dear colleagues the monks, or the sharing of ignorance. No status has ever surprised me as much as that of “colleague” conferred on me by the monks of the Great Eastern Monastery of Nara. After testing my knowledge of ritual, these very learned monks made great show of their ignorance. Drawing my attention to liturgical details that they held to be incomprehensible, they took obvious pleasure in chatting about history and theology, as if I were capable of making the slightest contribution. This staging of the impenetrable nature of the ritual highlighted the ineffable character of the ceremonies performed in heaven long ago by superior beings. I provided a convenient pretext for describing the vanity of erudition in the face of the accomplishment of the mysteries, and also the importance of this erudition for renewing an original, irreparably unknowable meaning.

  5. Pacientes com desordem de consciência: respostas vitais, faciais e musculares frente música ou mensagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Claudia Giesbrecht Puggina

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: comparar sinais vitais, expressão facial e sinais eletroneurográfi cos basais com medidas durante os estímulos música, mensagem ou “silêncio” em pacientes em coma, estado vegetativo ou sedado e relacionar a pontuação da Escala de Resultado de Glasgow com a intervenção realizada. Método: ensaio Clínico Controlado Transversal Unicego para o pesquisador. A alocação foi aleatória nos três grupos (experimental música, experimental mensagem ou controle. Foram realizadas duas avaliações (sessões com intervalo de 40 minutos no mesmo dia. Resultados: a maioria dos 76 pacientes eram homens, entre 18 e 36 anos e internados por trauma. Encontraram-se alterações estatisticamente signifi cantes nas variáveis temperatura, expressão facial, eletroneurografi a e Escala de Resultado de Glasgow; alterações mais frequentes na sessão 2, nos pacientes em coma e estado vegetativo, no músculo frontal e no grupo experimental. Conclusões: a expressão facial e a eletroneurografi a parecem ser variáveis mais confi áveis do que os sinais vitais para mensurar consciência.

  6. Pacientes com desordem de consciência: respostas vitais, faciais e musculares frente música ou mensagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Claudia Giesbrecht Puggina

    Full Text Available Objetivos: comparar sinais vitais, expressão facial e sinais eletroneurográfi cos basais com medidas durante os estímulos música, mensagem ou “silêncio” em pacientes em coma, estado vegetativo ou sedado e relacionar a pontuação da Escala de Resultado de Glasgow com a intervenção realizada. Método: ensaio Clínico Controlado Transversal Unicego para o pesquisador. A alocação foi aleatória nos três grupos (experimental música, experimental mensagem ou controle. Foram realizadas duas avaliações (sessões com intervalo de 40 minutos no mesmo dia. Resultados: a maioria dos 76 pacientes eram homens, entre 18 e 36 anos e internados por trauma. Encontraram-se alterações estatisticamente signifi cantes nas variáveis temperatura, expressão facial, eletroneurografi a e Escala de Resultado de Glasgow; alterações mais frequentes na sessão 2, nos pacientes em coma e estado vegetativo, no músculo frontal e no grupo experimental. Conclusões: a expressão facial e a eletroneurografi a parecem ser variáveis mais confi áveis do que os sinais vitais para mensurar consciência.

  7. Buen Vivir Andino: Resistência e/ou alternativa ao modelo hegemônico de desenvolvimento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Pereira da Silva

    Full Text Available Resumo Este ensaio teórico problematiza a ética do Buen Vivir como forma de resistência e/ou alternativa ao modelo hegemônico de desenvolvimento que tem sido disseminado e implementado por organizações internacionais e corporações. Após a declaração das Nações Unidas sobre os direitos indígenas, em 2007 (MAMANI, 2010, o Buen Vivir alcançou status oficial nas Constituições do Equador e da Bolívia. O Buen Vivir é uma visão de mundo distinta da ordem internacional liberal institucionalizada no pós-II Guerra Mundial; fundamenta-se nas noções de cosmovisão relacional e pluriverso (ESCOBAR, 2011, multiverso (MAMANI, 2010 ou ecosofia andina (ESTERMANN, 2013, enunciados no Sul e subalternizados por mais de cinco séculos de colonialidade. Com base nestas noções, o ensaio enfatiza a importância de repensar, segundo uma abordagem decolonial, o papel desempenhado pelos Estados e organizações governamentais internacionais no que diz respeito ao desenvolvimento local. A análise crítica da literatura sugere a existência de múltiplas visões acerca do desenvolvimento que devem ser debatidas no âmbito de estudos organizacionais.

  8. Violência na teoria psicanalítica: ruptura ou modalidade de laço social?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Coelho dos Santos

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Haverá uma teoria psicanalítica da violência? Basta associar aviolência à pulsão de morte para explicar o crescimento destefenômeno no laço social contemporâneo? Se nos baseamos na teorialacaniana dos discursos, a violência é um sintoma ou é a rupturado laço social? O crescimento desse fenômeno deve ser analisadoa partir dos efeitos do objeto “a” em posição de ideal de nossacivilização ou como o efeito da abolição do Real como impossívelque o discurso do capitalismo promove? Essas hipóteses sãoexcludentes ou devemos articular uma à outra? Nossa reflexãoressalta os efeitos subjetivos da disjunção entre os elementos emjogo na estrutura dos discursos, verdadeira causa de fenômenoscontemporâneos como a violência.

  9. VA National Mental Health Statistics - 2015

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — VAMC-level statistics on the prevalence, mental health utilization, non-mental health utilization, mental health workload, and psychological testing of Veterans with...

  10. Mindfulness and mental toughness among provincial adolescent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kathryn van Boom

    psychological basis of mental toughness from within existing, evidence-based ... development of mental toughness among athletes. The existing studies have ... that advocated by cognitive-behavioural interventions and traditional mental skills ...

  11. Mental Health Concerns: Veterans & Active Duty

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... dialing 1-800-273-8255 and pressing 1. Mental Health Concerns There are three primary mental health concerns ... care or call 911. How Will Asking for Mental Health Treatment Affect My Career? Military personnel have always ...

  12. Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse and Mental Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is a term for when someone experiences a mental illness and a substance use disorder simultaneously. Either disorder—substance use or mental illness—can develop first. People experiencing a mental health ...

  13. Do modelo asilar-manicomial ao modelo de reabilitação psicossocial: haverá um lugar para o psicanalista em Saúde Mental?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Greca de Oliveira Carneiro

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Da desrazão ao doente mental e ao portador de transtorno mental, embora se operem deslocamentos importantes nas Instituições de Saúde Mental, o sujeito permanece excluído. Discute-se a proposta de uma instituição que possa sustentar a lógica do não todo, do caso a caso, onde não se pode escrever o universal ou formar conjunto. Apresenta-se a psicanálise aplicada ao campo da saúde mental como uma clínica do sujeito, fundada não na diversidade, mas na singularidade de sua relação com seu desejo e seu gozo.

  14. Les Amazoulous d’Abdou Anta Kâ ou la représentation tragique de la fratrie

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    N’golo Aboudou Soro

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans Les Amazoulous de Abdou Anta Kâ, Chaka est un « bâtard » devenu le guide de la multitude du peuple Zoulou. Au-delà de l’héroïsme mythique de Chaka qu’elle véhicule, la pièce permet de saisir l’accomplissement du destin glorieux d’un enfant renié par son père, pourchassé par ses demi-frères et qui réussit à s’imposer et à imposer la trajectoire qu’il a voulu donner à l’histoire de son peuple. Cependant, une tension gouverne les relations entre Chaka et son demi-frère. Cette rivalité aboutie à l’assassinat de Chaka. Ce fratricide, source de tragédie précipite Latyr dans la boue de l’histoire. Il est maudit pour son acte ignoble. L’œuvre donne l’occasion au dramaturge de mettre sur les planches la rivalité au sein de la fratrie. Kâ semble poser les problématiques de la fratrie et de la gestion de l’héritage dans la famille polygame africaine. In Abdou Anta Ka’s “Amazoulous”, Chaka is a "bastard" who became the guide of the Zulu multitude people. Beyond Chaka’s mystical heroism carries, the play allows to grasp the glorious destiny fulfillment of a child disowed by his father, chased by his half-brothers and who managed to impose and enforce the path he wanted to his people’s history. However, tension governs the relationship between Shaka and his half-brother. This rivalry resulted in the murder of Shaka. This fratricide, source of tragedy precipitates Latyr in the mud of the history. He is cursed for his ignoble act. The work gives the opportunity to the playwright to put on stage the rivalry among the siblings. Kâ seems to pose the siblings and heritage management in the African polygamous family.

  15. [Mentalization and theory of mind].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyl, Agnes

    2014-01-01

    Both concepts, mentalization and the theory of mind, describe metacognitive processes. Mentalization mainly concerns the reflection of affective mental states. In contrast, theory of mind focuses on epistemic states such as beliefs, intentions and persuasions. Gender differences have proved to be relevant for both, the development of mentalization and the theory of mind. However, there are few studies and findings are inconsistent. In an own study, we investigated the relationship between early competences in metacognition (tested in a false-belief-task second order) and narrative skills of kindergarten children. Results show that children who had successfully passed the theory of mind test tended to face conflicts more directly in the stories. In consequence, these children showed less narrative avoidance. However, differences were only found in girls and not in boys. The precise understanding of developmental differences in metacognition between girls and boys may be an important aspect with regards to improving mentalization based therapy of children.

  16. Cultural diversity and mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gopalkrishnan, Narayan; Babacan, Hurriyet

    2015-12-01

    Cultural diversity and its impact on mental health has become an increasingly important issue in a globalised world where the interactions between cultures continue to grow exponentially. This paper presents critical areas in which culture impacts on mental health, such as how health and illness are perceived, coping styles, treatment-seeking patterns, impacts of history, racism, bias and stereotyping, gender, family, stigma and discrimination. While cultural differences provide a number of challenges to mental health policy and practice they also provide a number of opportunities to work in unique and effective ways towards positive mental health. Ethno-specific approaches to mental health that incorporate traditional and community-based systems can provide new avenues for working with culturally diverse populations. © The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2015.

  17. Living with Mentally Ill Parent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadriye Buldukoglu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present review seeks to identify and analyze qualitative studies that examined experiences of children whose parents have a mental illness. This study reported that children whose parents have a mental illness had some common experiences. These experiences may have negative effects on children’s coping skills, resilience to tough living conditions and ability to maintain their mental health. In spite of these negative conditions, some of these children have much more self-confidence, resilience and independence because of inner development and early maturation. Some effective intervention programs are needed to promote information to children and other family members about mental illness, coping behaviors. Availability of such psychiatric services and nation-wide programs with professionals to deal with these problems should be organized properly to increase quality of life of these children. Furthermore, qualitative researches that explore the experiences of children whose parents with mental illness should also be conducted in our country.

  18. Presumptions respecting mental competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madigan, K V; Checkland, D; Silberfeld, M

    1994-04-01

    This paper addresses the role(s) played by presumptions regarding mental competence in the context of clinical assessment of decision-making capacity. In particular, the issue of whether or not the usual common law presumption of competence is appropriate and applicable in cases of reassessment of persons previously found incompetent is discussed. Arguments can be made for either retaining a presumption of competence or adopting a presumption of incompetence in reassessment cases. In addressing the issue and the arguments, the authors conclude that the question is really a public policy issue which requires legislative resolution. In writing this paper, the authors have drawn on their joint clinical experience at the Baycrest Competency Clinic. Though the authors' jurisdiction is the province of Ontario, their intent is to raise awareness and to prompt consideration of this issue both inside and outside Ontario.

  19. Efeitos do posicionamento e quantidade de prática mental na aprendizagem do arremesso do dardo de salão Effects of position and amount of mental practice in dart saloon throwing learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thábata Viviane Brandão Gomes

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A prática mental parece contribuir no processo de aprendizagem motora, mas ainda não estão claros os efeitos do posicionamento e da quantidade de prática mental em relação à prática física, sendo este o objetivo do presente estudo. Setenta e dois universitários de ambos os sexos e novatos na tarefa foram distribuídos em seis grupos de prática combinada (física e mental para a aprendizagem do arremesso do dardo de salão. Na fase de aquisição, os sujeitos realizaram 50 tentativas de prática física e 18, 90 ou 180 tentativas de prática mental (conforme cada grupo antes ou após a prática física. Dez minutos após a fase de aquisição foram realizados os testes de retenção e transferência. Não foi observada diferença significante entre os grupos nos testes. Os resultados indicaram que a quantidade e o posicionamento da prática mental não influenciaram a aprendizagem do arremesso do dardo de salão.Mental practice seems to contribute to the motor learning process but it is still not clear the effects of position and amount of mental practice in relation to physical practice, which was the aim of this study. Seventy two undergraduate students of both sexes and novice in the task were assigned in six groups of combined practice (physical and mental for learning the dart saloon throwing. In acquisition phase, subjects performed 50 trials of physical practice and 18, 90 or 180 trials of mental practice (according to each experimental group before or after physical practice. Ten minutes after acquisition phase it was performed retention and transfer tests. The results showed that amount and the position of mental practice did not influence dart saloon throwing learning.

  20. Disaster medicine. Mental care

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haginoya, Masato; Shimoda, Kazutaka

    2012-01-01

    Described are 5 essential comments of view concerning the post-disaster psychiatric care through authors' experience at the aid of the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami including Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident. Firstly, at the acute phase of disaster, the ensured safe place, sleep and rest are necessary as a direct aid of sufferers and their family. Insomnia is seen in many of them and can partly be a prodrome of disorders like post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). US Psychological First Aid (PFA) is useful for a guide of the initial aid for disaster, and translated Japanese version is available free. Public anxiety as a psychological effect can be caused even out of the disaster-stricken area by such factors as on-site news reports (inducing identification), internet information, economical and social confusion, forecasted radiation hazard, etc. Cool-headed understanding is required for them and particularly for complicated radiological information. The system for psychiatric treatment is needed as exemplified by its temporary lack due to the radiation disaster near the Plant and consequent prompt dispatch of psychiatrists from Dokkyo Medical University. Survived sufferers' grief and bereavement are said to tend to last long, to be complicated and deteriorated, indicating the necessity of management of continuous mental health. Alcoholism as a result to avoid those feelings should be noted. Finally, pointed out is the mental care for supporters working for recovery from the disaster, like policeman, Self-Defense Force member, fireman, doctor, nurse, officer, volunteer and many others concerned, because PTSD prevalence is reported to amount to 12.4% of rescue and recovery workers of US World Trade Center Disaster (9.11) even 2-3 years after. (T.T.)

  1. Smartphone Applications for Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vona, Pamela L.; Santostefano, Antonella M.; Ciaravino, Samantha; Miller, Elizabeth; Stein, Bradley D.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Many adolescents and adults do not seek treatment for mental health symptoms. Smartphone applications (apps) may assist individuals with mental health concerns in alleviating symptoms or increasing understanding. This study seeks to characterize apps readily available to smartphone users seeking mental health information and/or support. Ten key terms were searched in the Apple iTunes and Google Play stores: mental health, depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar, trauma, trauma in schools, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), child trauma, and bullying. A content analysis of the first 20 application descriptions retrieved per category was conducted. Out of 300 nonduplicate applications, 208 (70%) were relevant to search topic, mental health or stress. The most common purported purpose for the apps was symptom relief (41%; n = 85) and general mental health education (18%; n = 37). The most frequently mentioned approaches to improving mental health were those that may benefit only milder symptoms such as relaxation (21%; n = 43). Most app descriptions did not include information to substantiate stated effectiveness of the application (59%; n = 123) and had no mention of privacy or security (89%; n = 185). Due to uncertainty of the helpfulness of readily available mental health applications, clinicians working with mental health patients should inquire about and provide guidance on application use, and patients should have access to ways to assess the potential utility of these applications. Strategic policy and research developments are likely needed to equip patients with applications for mental health, which are patient centered and evidence based. PMID:27428034

  2. How to be Brilliant at Mental Arithmetic

    CERN Document Server

    Webber, Beryl

    2010-01-01

    How to be Brilliant at Mental Arithmetic addresses the twin pillars of mental arithmetic - mental recall and mental agility. Mental recall depends on familiarity with number bonds and plenty of opportunity to practise. Mental agility depends more on confidence with the number system and the four operations. Using the worksheets in this book, students will learn about: tens and units; addition, subtraction, multiplication and division; addition shortcuts; product squares; quick recall; number se

  3. Electrophysiological difference between mental state decoding and mental state reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Bihua; Li, Yiyuan; Li, Fuhong; Li, Hong

    2012-06-29

    Previous studies have explored the neural mechanism of Theory of Mind (ToM), but the neural correlates of its two components, mental state decoding and mental state reasoning, remain unclear. In the present study, participants were presented with various photographs, showing an actor looking at 1 of 2 objects, either with a happy or an unhappy expression. They were asked to either decode the emotion of the actor (mental state decoding task), predict which object would be chosen by the actor (mental state reasoning task), or judge at which object the actor was gazing (physical task), while scalp potentials were recorded. Results showed that (1) the reasoning task elicited an earlier N2 peak than the decoding task did over the prefrontal scalp sites; and (2) during the late positive component (240-440 ms), the reasoning task elicited a more positive deflection than the other two tasks did at the prefrontal scalp sites. In addition, neither the decoding task nor the reasoning task has no left/right hemisphere difference. These findings imply that mental state reasoning differs from mental state decoding early (210 ms) after stimulus onset, and that the prefrontal lobe is the neural basis of mental state reasoning. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. La rhétorique des slogans publicitaires russes postsoviétiques : tradition ou innovation ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smirnova-Cotet, Tatiana

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Résumé : L'objectif principal de la publicité en général et du slogan en particulier est de produire un certain effet sur le destinataire final: le consommateur potentiel doit mémoriser le slogan qui est associé à tel ou tel produit ou service et toute la gamme des émotions que ces derniers doivent susciter. Dans la plupart des cas, ce sont les moyens stylistiques qui assurent la mémorisation du slogan et ainsi produisent un effet sur le consommateur. Dans ce contexte, il serait intéressant de savoir si ces moyens ont changé depuis l'époque soviétique. Pour cela, il faut identifier les tropes employés aux deux grandes périodes étudiées (contemporaine et soviétique, voir quels sont les plus fréquents pour chacune d'elles, et pour quelle(s raison(s, pour comprendre au final ce qui pourrait expliquer la fidélité à certains tropes et le recours à de nouvelles figures dans la période récente. Les hypothèses émises dans le présent article se basent sur un corpus de slogans assez important et ne cessant d'augmenter qui inclut les slogans soviétiques du début du XXème siècle, principalement créés lors de la Nouvelle Politique Economique, les slogans des années 30, période de croissance industrielle, et les slogans qui accompagnaient les affiches publicitaires de la période après la guerre, quand, par exemple, V. TRUXACOV, travaillant dans le réseau du Magasin Central, a créé de nombreuses affiches pour des biens de consommations tels que tissus, aspirateurs, téléviseurs, etc. Ce corpus contient également les quelques slogans de la période de stagnation économique sous le règne de L. BREJNEV quand, dans les conditions de pénurie et de déficit, les produits n'avaient pas besoin d'être mis en avant. Tous ces slogans constituent le groupe de slogans soviétiques qui s'avèrent intéressants à comparer aux slogans de l'espace postsoviétique commençant par la publicité des pyramides financières (MMM

  5. L’utopie inaugurale ou les prémices du mythe chez Vicente Huidobro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Dumont

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una lectura de la obra “primitiva” del poeta chileno Vicente Huidobro, el análisis busca establecer la coherencia y la unidad de la primera etapa de constitución de una obra. En estas primeras producciones (1912-1925, Huidobro desarrolla estrategias de escritura que refuerza de un poemario a otro, poniendo en escena figuras poéticas de una estatura tan grandiosa como el proyecto de escritura que ellas animan. La ambición o la utopía “creacionista”, reivindicada en numerosos manifiestos huidobrianos del período, constituye el hilo conductor de este proyecto original, paralelo al que estructura la arquitectura semántica y conceptual de los poemarios. Este sueño inaugural se encarna de manera particular en Adán (1916, primera definición sublimada del Poeta “hacedor” de mundos ; un Adán que se determina también como anticipación de Altazor (1931. Es en este corpus primitivo que comienza a escribirse la historia - o la prehistoria – de un mito en perpetua evolución.A partir d’une lecture des recueils « primitifs » du poète chilien Vicente Huidobro, l’analyse vise à établir une cohérence et une unité au sein de la démarche initiale de fondation d’une œuvre. Ces premières productions (1912-1925 développent des stratégies d’écriture renforcées d’un recueil à l’autre, et mettent en scène des figures poétiques à la stature aussi démesurément grandiose que le projet d’écriture qu’elles soutiennent. De ce projet original, l’ambition ou l’utopie « créationniste », revendiquée dans les nombreux manifestes huidobriens de la période, est la parallèle directrice structurant l’architecture sémantique et conceptuelle des recueils. Ce rêve de l’inauguralité se voit porté plus particulièrement par la figure précoce de l’Adán de 1916, première définition sublimée du Poète « faiseur » de mondes ; un Adán qui se détermine aussi comme anticipation de l

  6. India mental health country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandelwal, Sudhir K; Jhingan, Harsh P; Ramesh, S; Gupta, Rajesh K; Srivastava, Vinay K

    2004-01-01

    India, the second most populated country of the world with a population of 1.027 billion, is a country of contrasts. It is characterized as one of the world's largest industrial nations, yet most of the negative characteristics of poor and developing countries define India too. The population is predominantly rural, and 36% of people still live below poverty line. There is a continuous migration of rural people into urban slums creating major health and economic problems. India is one of the pioneer countries in health services planning with a focus on primary health care. Improvement in the health status of the population has been one of the major thrust areas for social development programmes in the country. However, only a small percentage of the total annual budget is spent on health. Mental health is part of the general health services, and carries no separate budget. The National Mental Health Programme serves practically as the mental health policy. Recently, there was an eight-fold increase in budget allocation for the National Mental Health Programme for the Tenth Five-Year Plan (2002-2007). India is a multicultural traditional society where people visit religious and traditional healers for general and mental health related problems. However, wherever modern health services are available, people do come forward. India has a number of public policy and judicial enactments, which may impact on mental health. These have tried to address the issues of stigma attached to the mental illnesses and the rights of mentally ill people in society. A large number of epidemiological surveys done in India on mental disorders have demonstrated the prevalence of mental morbidity in rural and urban areas of the country; these rates are comparable to global rates. Although India is well placed as far as trained manpower in general health services is concerned, the mental health trained personnel are quite limited, and these are mostly based in urban areas. Considering this

  7. Disaster Management: Mental Health Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Math, Suresh Bada; Nirmala, Maria Christine; Moirangthem, Sydney; Kumar, Naveen C

    2015-01-01

    Disaster mental health is based on the principles of 'preventive medicine' This principle has necessitated a paradigm shift from relief centered post-disaster management to a holistic, multi-dimensional integrated community approach of health promotion, disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation. This has ignited the paradigm shift from curative to preventive aspects of disaster management. This can be understood on the basis of six 'R's such as Readiness (Preparedness), Response (Immediate action), Relief (Sustained rescue work), Rehabilitation (Long term remedial measures using community resources), Recovery (Returning to normalcy) and Resilience (Fostering). Prevalence of mental health problems in disaster affected population is found to be higher by two to three times than that of the general population. Along with the diagnosable mental disorders, affected community also harbours large number of sub-syndromal symptoms. Majority of the acute phase reactions and disorders are self-limiting, whereas long-term phase disorders require assistance from mental health professionals. Role of psychotropic medication is very limited in preventing mental health morbidity. The role of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) in mitigating the mental health morbidity appears to be promising. Role of Psychological First Aid (PFA) and debriefing is not well-established. Disaster management is a continuous and integrated cyclical process of planning, organising, coordinating and implementing measures to prevent and to manage disaster effectively. Thus, now it is time to integrate public health principles into disaster mental health.

  8. La relation éducative genlisienne, ou La distorsion du lien pédagogique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiane Guitard-Morel

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article évoque Madame de Genlis, connue pour ses fortes positions antiphilosophiques et ses implications dans un siècle en pleine ébullition intellectuelle. La préoccupation fonda-mentale des Lumières est la quête hic et nunc du bonheur terrestre de l'homme. L'une des clés pour ouvrir la porte de la félicité humaine se nomme éducation. La présente étude analyse comment Madame la gouverneur des princes s'empare du sujet éducatif, l'expérimente au-près des enfants d'Orléans et conçoit une oeuvre pédagogique originale, Adèle et Théodore. L'article discute la contribution de cet ouvrage épistolaire à la réflexion didactique éclairée et révèle comment la volonté de trop bien éduquer consume la nature humaine et altère la relation éducative nouée entre maître et élève.

  9. Somali Refugees' Perceptions of Mental Illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettmann, Joanna E; Penney, Deb; Clarkson Freeman, Pamela; Lecy, Natalie

    2015-01-01

    Nearly 13% of the U.S. population is comprised of foreign-born individuals, with Somalis constituting one of the largest resettled groups. Research suggests that, among Somali refugees, rates of mental illness are high. Yet research shows Somalis underutilize mental health services. Understanding their perceptions of mental illness and its cures may help practitioners to design more effective treatments for this population. Thus, this pilot study investigated Somali refugees' perceptions of mental illness and its treatments. Using purposive sampling, this qualitative study interviewed 20 Somali refugees using a semi-structured interview guide. Qualitative analysis yielded participants' perceptions of mental illness through their descriptions of physical symptoms accompanying mental illness, the stigma of mental illness, causes of mental illness, medical and non-medical treatments for mental illness, spirit possession causing mental illness, and the Qur'an as treatment for mental illness. Such information may help practitioners in the United States approach Somali clients in the most culturally coherent manner.

  10. Acute mental health care according to recent mental health ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acute care, treatment and rehabilitation as a 72-hour assessment unit in a .... resemble prisons, such as unnecessary bars on windows and one-way glass. ..... model to consider design solutions for other acute mental health care settings.

  11. Promoting Mental Health and Preventing Mental Illness in General Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Steve; Jenkins, Rachel; Burch, Tony; Calamos Nasir, Laura; Fisher, Brian; Giotaki, Gina; Gnani, Shamini; Hertel, Lise; Marks, Marina; Mathers, Nigel; Millington-Sanders, Catherine; Morris, David; Ruprah-Shah, Baljeet; Stange, Kurt; Thomas, Paul; White, Robert; Wright, Fiona

    2016-01-01

    This paper calls for the routine integration of mental health promotion and prevention into UK General Practice in order to reduce the burden of mental and physical disorders and the ensuing pressure on General Practice. The proposals & the resulting document (https://ethicscharity.files.wordpress.com/2015/09/rcgp_keymsg_150925_v5.pdf) arise from an expert 'Think Tank' convened by the London Journal of Primary Care, Educational Trust for Health Improvement through Cognitive Strategies (ETHICS Foundation) and the Royal College of General Practitioners. It makes 12 recommendations for General Practice: (1) Mental health promotion and prevention are too important to wait. (2) Work with your community to map risk factors, resources and assets. (3) Good health care, medicine and best practice are biopsychosocial rather than purely physical. (4) Integrate mental health promotion and prevention into your daily work. (5) Boost resilience in your community through approaches such as community development. (6) Identify people at increased risk of mental disorder for support and screening. (7) Support early intervention for people of all ages with signs of illness. (8) Maintain your biopsychosocial skills. (9) Ensure good communication, interdisciplinary team working and inter-sectoral working with other staff, teams and agencies. (10) Lead by example, taking action to promote the resilience of the general practice workforce. (11) Ensure mental health is appropriately included in the strategic agenda for your 'cluster' of General Practices, at the Clinical Commissioning Groups, and the Health and Wellbeing Board. (12) Be aware of national mental health strategies and localise them, including action to destigmatise mental illness within the context of community development.

  12. Desempenho de bezerros da raça holandesa com desaleitamento aos 28 ou 56 dias de idade, com ou sem aditivo à base de oligossacarídeo de manana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandi Décio

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Vinte e quatro bezerros da raça Holandesa foram utilizados num experimento com delineamento completamente casualizado, em arranjo fatorial 2x2 (desaleitamento aos 28 ou 56 dias, com ou sem a adição de oligossacarídio de manana à dieta, e seis repetições por tratamento. Não houve interação entre os fatores período de aleitamento e uso ou não de aditivo. O desaleitamento aos 28 dias, em comparação com 56 dias, resultou, aos 56 dias de idade, em menor peso final, menor ganho médio diário de peso, maior consumo de concentrado, menor consumo total de matéria seca e pior conversão alimentar. Não houve diferenças em relação às medidas corporais iniciais e finais de altura de cernelha, perímetro torácico e abdominal, embora o desaleitamento aos 28 dias tenha diminuído o ganho médio diário de perímetro torácico. Em um levantamento dos custos de alimentação, medicamentos e mão-de-obra veterinária, os animais desaleitados aos 28 dias apresentaram menor custo total individual e menor custo por kg de ganho de peso. O emprego do aditivo não afetou as dimensões corporais, porém resultou em maior ganho de peso, final e diário, e melhor conversão alimentar, reduzindo o custo médio por kg de ganho de peso.

  13. Study of the raw materials used in the manufacture of ceramics in Fran Ali (Oued Laou, Marruecos); Estudio de materiales usados en la fabricacion de las ceramicas de Fran Ali (Oued Laou, Marruecos)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrios Neira, J.; Martin de la Cruz, J. C.; Montealegre Contreras, L.

    2012-11-01

    The thermal behaviour, mineralogy, texture and micro-structure of the original rocks used as raw materials in the manufacture of ceramics of the potter community in Fran Ali (Oued Laou, Tetouan, Morocco) were studied. The original rocks of the alteration deposit are metapelites and altered philites from the Units Malaguide-Gomaride in the Baetic-Rifian mountain system. The techniques used by local potters and the water used to prepare the ceramic bodies were also studied. Original rocks are metapelites or filadios and raw materials belong to levels caused by exogenous or supergene alteration (quartz-illite and chlorite type clays). The ceramics studied by microscopy exhibit anisotropy. (Author) 15 refs.

  14. Sufism and mental health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nizamie, S. Haque; Katshu, Mohammad Zia Ul Haq; Uvais, N. A.

    2013-01-01

    Human experience in, health and disease, always has a spiritual dimension. pirituality is accepted as one of the defining determinants of health and it no more remains a sole preserve of religion and mysticism. In recent years, pirituality has been an area of research in neurosciences and both in the nderstanding of psychiatric morbidity and extending therapeutic interventions it seems to be full of promises. Sufism has been a prominent spiritual tradition in Islam deriving influences from major world religions, such as, Christianity and Hinduism and contributing substantially toward spiritual well-being of a large number of people within and outside Muslim world. Though Sufism started in early days of Islam and had many prominent Sufis, it is in the medieval period it achieved great height culminating in many Sufi orders and their major proponents. The Sufism aims communion with God through spiritual realization; soul being the agency of this communion, and propounding the God to be not only the cause of all existence but the only real existence. It may provide a vital link to understand the source of religious experience and its impact on mental health. PMID:23858257

  15. FastStats: Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Women’s Health State and Territorial Data Reproductive Health Contraceptive Use Infertility Reproductive Health Notice Regarding FastStats Mobile ... Use of Selected Nonmedication Mental Health Services by Adolescent Boys and Girls With Serious Emotional or Behavioral ...

  16. Mental health workers. Graduation daze.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Carol

    2003-09-11

    PCTs are likely to miss the national target on employment of graduate mental health workers. Pilots are showing success in reducing referrals. Managers must address career progression problems and define roles more clearly.

  17. Student Attitudes Toward Mental Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hare-Mustin, Rachel T.; Garvine, Richard

    1974-01-01

    Inquiry into the initial attitudes toward mental illness of students taking an abnormal psychology class indicates students' concerns and preconceptions and provides a basis for shaping the course to respond to student needs. (JH)

  18. Mental disorders induced by carbamazepine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizukami, K; Naito, Y; Yoshida, M; Nakanishi, T; Koizumi, J

    1990-03-01

    We present here a case with various physical and neuropsychiatric symptoms caused by the administration of carbamazepine. The patient suffering from right ophthalmic neuralgia showed fever, eczema, erythema, lymphoadenopathy, eosinophilia, vomiting, headache, dizziness, nystagmus, and various mental disorders which consisted of emotional instability, personality change, delusions of reference and persecution, depressive state, and hyperventilation syndrome during the administration of carbamazepine. The physical symptoms in the present case were conformable to the side effect of carbamazepine. The mental disorders appeared in a few days from the start of carbamazepine administration and disappeared after the discontinuation of the administration of this drug without antipsychotic therapy and have never relapsed until now. The mental disorders and the physical symptoms were in parallel with their clinical course. This kind of mental disorders induced by carbamazepine has not yet been reported.

  19. Mental health and therapeutic abortion

    OpenAIRE

    Rondón, Marta B.

    2016-01-01

    The concept of health is reviewed to argue that the mental component as inherent to the integral wellbeing, since mental and physical health are closely related. The relationship between depression and events of the reproductive cycle is described, especially concerning the risk posed by unwanted pregnancy, a risk factor for postpartum depression as reported in studies conducted in various parts of the world. Consequently, women with depression risk factors (history of previous depressive ail...

  20. Mental health in Tamil cinema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangala, R; Thara, R

    2009-06-01

    Tamil cinema is a vibrant part of the lives of many in south India. A chequered history and a phenomenal growth have made this medium highly influential not only in Tamil Nadu politics, but also in the social lives of the viewers. This paper provides an overview of the growth of Tamil cinema, and discusses in detail the way mental health has been handled by Tamil films. Cinema can be used very effectively to improve awareness about mental health issues.

  1. Reducing the Stigma of Mental Illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Kaylene; Bradley, Loretta J.

    2002-01-01

    Each year, an estimated 50 million Americans will experience a mental disorder while only one fourth of them will seek mental health services. Contends that this disparity results from the stigma attached to mental illness. Proposes that counselors must educate the general public about the misconceptions of mental illness and advocate for parity…

  2. Mental life in the space of reasons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinkmann, Svend

    2006-01-01

    This paper argues the Wittgensteinian point that we can undo the psychologizing of psychology by conceiving of mental life as lived in the space of reasons. It is argued that mental life - human action, feeling and thinking - is constituted by normative connections and necessities rather than...... that it violates our conception of mental illness as something mental, yet outside the space of reasons...

  3. 49 CFR 1572.109 - Mental capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... intelligence, mental illness, incompetence, condition, or disease, is a danger to himself or herself or to... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mental capacity. 1572.109 Section 1572.109... ASSESSMENTS Standards for Security Threat Assessments § 1572.109 Mental capacity. (a) An applicant has mental...

  4. Mental disorder in Canada: an epidemiological perspective

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Streiner, David L; Cairney, John

    2010-01-01

    ..., and analyses the prevalence of several significant mental disorders in the population. The collection also includes essays on stigma, mental disorder and the criminal justice system, and mental health among women, children, workers, and other demographic groups. Focusing on Canadian scholarship, yet wide-reaching in scope, Mental Disorder in C...

  5. Mental illness and employment discrimination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuart, Heather

    2006-09-01

    Work is a major determinant of mental health and a socially integrating force. To be excluded from the workforce creates material deprivation, erodes self-confidence, creates a sense of isolation and marginalization and is a key risk factor for mental disability. This review summarizes recent evidence pertaining to employment-related stigma and discrimination experienced by people with mental disabilities. A broad understanding of the stigmatization process is adopted, which includes cognitive, attitudinal, behavioural and structural disadvantages. Stigma is both a proximate and a distal cause of employment inequity for people with a mental disability who experience direct discrimination because of prejudicial attitudes from employers and workmates and indirect discrimination owing to historical patterns of disadvantage, structural disincentives against competitive employment and generalized policy neglect. Against this background, modern mental health rehabilitation models and legislative philosophies, which focus on citizenship rights and full social participation, are to be welcomed. Yet, recent findings demonstrate that the legislation remains vulnerable to the very prejudicial attitudes they are intended to abate. Research conducted during the past year continues to highlight multiple attitudinal and structural barriers that prevent people with mental disabilities from becoming active participants in the competitive labour market.

  6. Evolving society and mental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dipesh Bhagabati

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Numerous issues related to culture, occupation, gender, caste, and health, to name a few, have faced harshness of society from time immemorial. Reasons are debatable, ranging from somewhat understandable to completely unacceptable. There is no doubt that society is dynamic and it has changed its view on many of the issues with passing time. Mental health is one such issue which society has neglected for quite a long time. Even today, mental health and mentally ill people face stigma and discrimination in their family, society, and at their workplace. People do not feel comfortable talking about mental health, even if they know that there cannot be any health without a healthy mind. But, as Albert Einstein has said “learn from yesterday, live for today, and hope for tomorrow”, everything is not lost. The mentally ill patients who were once abandoned and left on their own have now started to get humane care and attention. This article discusses this very pertinent topic of changing society and mental health.

  7. Dangerousness and mental health policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hewitt, J L

    2008-04-01

    Mental health policy development in the UK has become increasingly dominated by the assumed need to prevent violence and alleviate public concerns about the dangers of the mentally ill living in the community. Risk management has become the expected focus of contemporary mental health services, and responsibility has increasingly been devolved to individual service professionals when systems fail to prevent violence. This paper analyses the development of mental health legislation and its impact on services users and mental health professionals at the micro level of service delivery. Historical precedence, media influence and public opinion are explored, and the reification of risk is questioned in practical and ethical terms. The government's newest proposals for compulsory treatment in the community are discussed in terms of practical efficacy and therapeutic impact. Dangerousness is far from being an objectively observable phenomenon arising from clinical pathology, but is a formulation of what is partially knowable through social analysis and unknowable by virtue of its situation in individual psychic motivation. Risk assessment can therefore never be completely accurate, and the solution of a 'better safe than sorry' approach to mental health policy is ethically and pragmatically flawed.

  8. The planetary nebula IPHASXJ211420.0+434136 (Ou5): insights into common-envelope dynamical and chemical evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Corradi, R. L. M.; Rodriguez-Gil, P.; Jones, D.; Garcia-Rojas, J.; Mampaso, A.; Garcia-Alvarez, D.; Pursimo, T.; Eenmäe, T.; Liimets, T.; Miszalski, B.

    2014-01-01

    While analysing the images of the IPHAS H$\\alpha$ survey, we noticed that the central star of the candidate planetary nebula IPHASXJ211420.0+434136 (also named Ou5) was clearly variable. This is generally considered as an indication of binarity. To confirm it, we performed a photometric monitoring of the central star, and obtained images and spectra of the nebula. The nebular spectrum confirms that IPHASXJ211420.0+434136 is a planetary nebula of moderately high excitation. It has a remarkable...

  9. Work family balance : mito ou aptidão : estudo empírico sobre antecedentes e consequências

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro, Ana Margarida Alexandre

    2016-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Marketing, apresentada à Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra, sob a orientação de Arnaldo Fernandes Matos Coelho e Joaquim Luís Medeiros Alcoforado. “Work Family Balance – Mito ou Aptidão? Estudo Empírico Sobre Antecedentes e Consequências” visa contribuir, com base na revisão bibliográfica, para a compreensão de quais as variáveis que contribuem para esse equilíbrio dinâmico e quais as repercussões. Este tema insere-se no Marketing Inter...

  10. De TMC à CARTAX ou d'un logiciel de recherche à un logiciel d'enseignement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Françoise DURAND

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available TMC est un logiciel qui permet de transcrire visuellement un tableau de données sous forme de matrice ordonnable. CARTAX est destiné aux enseignants, au sens le plus large du terme. Ainsi la carte devient document de recherche dès l'école: carte à jeter ou carte à refaire. Ne pourrait-on imaginer un logiciel complet mais ouvert prenant en compte la chaîne complète de traitement?

  11. Os novos horizontes da narrativa publicitária: haiku ou (r)evolução?

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Márcia Renata Queirós da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Relatório de atividade profissional de mestrado em Ciências da Comunicação A publicidade foi acompanhando os novos estilos de vida e hábitos do universo do consumo, tornando-se mais imediata, concisa e intuitiva. Vivemos na era dos elevator pitch ou elevator speech 1, como também são conhecidos, dos igniting talks (eventos de apresentação com regras rígidas de duração – 5 minutos/20 slides), do easy-friendly (expressão em voga transversal ao design, à arquitetura e à arquitetura d...

  12. Suplementação nitrogenada ruminal e/ou abomasal em bovinos alimentados com forragem tropical

    OpenAIRE

    Rufino, Luana Marta de Almeida

    2011-01-01

    Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar os efeitos da suplementação com compostos nitrogenados no rúmen e/ou no abomaso sobre o consumo, a digestiblidade, a dinâmica ruminal dos compostos fibrosos e os parâmetros do metabolismo dos compostos nitrogenados em bovinos alimentados com forragem tropical. O experimento foi conduzido entre os meses de junho de 2010 e fevereiro de 2011, sendo utilizados 4 novilhos Nelore, não castrados, com peso corporal médio (PC) de 227±11 kg, fistulados no rúmen e ...

  13. O idoso e a institucionalização: Melhoria de vida ou segregação

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Solange Marisa Figueiredo

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada para obtenção de grau de Mestre na especialidade de Psicologia Clínica. O presente trabalho tem como objectivo analisar a percepção que os idosos possuem acerca da sua qualidade de vida, dos sentimentos de solidão e da depressividade antes e depois da entrada numa instituição. Pretende-se mais especificamente saber se a institucionalização traz melhoria de vida ou se pelo contrário, provoca uma maior ...

  14. Parâmetros de indenização no acidente do trabalho ou doença ocupacional

    OpenAIRE

    Tagliari, Rômulo Augusto

    2013-01-01

    O presente trabalho pretende tratar de parâmetros de indenização decorrentes de acidente do trabalho ou doença ocupacional, abordando principalmente decisões judiciais e doutrina referente ao tema. Para tanto, faz-se uma breve análise do instituto da responsabilidade civil, discorrendo-se quanto aos seus elementos e hipóteses em que é caracterizada de maneira geral. Após, examina-se a infortunística, demonstrando as características do acidente do trabalho, de forma a esclarecer a sua caracter...

  15. Diagnósticos de enfermagem em cliente com (TCE e em seu familiar e/ou pessoa significativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anialcy Barbosa Faria

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem por objetivo relatar o estudo de caso de um cliente com TCE e em seu familiar e/ou pessoa significativa, levantando os Diagnósticos de Enfermagem segundo a Taxonomia I da NANDA (North American Diagnosis Association, utilizando-se a Teoria das Necessidades Humanas Básicas Afetadas de Wanda Horta. O estudo foi realizado no Hospital Universitário Antonio Pedro, UFF, onde foram encontrados 6 diagnósticos de enfermagem para o cliente e 1 para o familiar.

  16. Soil-fluid-structure interaction applied to the Oued Taht dam (taking into account the membrane effect.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasreddine Krenich

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is to analyze the dynamic behavior (modal behavior of the "Oued Taht" arch dam located at MASCARA, taking into consideration the effect of soil-fluid-structure interaction. The finite element code "Ansys" was chosen for the dynamic modeling of the dam that is the subject of this study. Three hypotheses were used for soil-structure interaction modeling; model with embedded base which corresponds to the case where the phenomenon of interactions soil-structure is neglected, model with ground of foundation without mass which consists in taking into account the kinematic component of interaction soil structure and neglecting the inertial component and the model with foundation soil with mass where the two components of soil-structure interaction are taken into account. For the fluid, the model of added masses (equivalent to the westergaard approach using the SURF element available in the Ansys code library was used. A comparison between the different models of the "Oued Taht" dam was made; it has been found that the taking into account of the soil-fluid-structure interaction phenomenon modifies the period of the system and that the modeling of the dam with and without fluid gives a very important difference of the periods. The results obtained were compared with those of the "Brezina" dam, which is a gravity dam located in BAYADH. The work has shown that the periods of the "Oued Taht" dam with soil-fluid-structure interaction modeling are very out of phase with the periods without fluid modeling (taking into account only the soilstructure interaction phenomenon. which is not the case for the Brezina dam where the periods for the two models are getting closer. The periods between the two models mentioned before are close to the dam of Brézina because the latter is a dam which participates much more by its own weight than by its vault (thickness of the vault varies between 36.3 m at the base and 5m in crest which is the

  17. My Son The Fanatic, de Hanif Kureishi, ou l’intégration à rebours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Paul Revauger

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Utiliser un film, ou toute création culturelle, pour comprendre le social pose un certain nombre de problèmes méthodologiques. Un film n’est pas un « reflet ». Une création, même si elle se place sous le sceau du réalisme, a un rapport très fort mais indirect avec le contexte historique de sa genèse. Elle est le produit de la rencontre d’un contexte, d’un créateur doté d’une idéologie, d’un « habitus », d’un corpus de valeurs, des modes et techniques en vigueur dans le champ de la création au moment de celle-ci et, comme le rappelle Bourdieu, de la stratégie du créateur par rapport à ses collègues/concurrents. Enfin, sans ajouter une note discordante supplémentaire aux théories de la réception, l’œuvre sera perçue de façon différente selon les publics. My Son the Fanatic sera donc perçu comme une œuvre satanique par les fondamentalistes musulmans, mais sans doute aussi chrétiens, comme une bluette charmante par les midinettes au grand cœur qui semblent être le public visé par la présentation publicitaire du film, comme une démonstration de la justesse de leurs thèses par les partisans de l’intégration, mais aussi par les émules de Huntington pour qui le choc des civilisations est inéluctable, enfin comme une manifestation irresponsable d’ « islamophobie » par les nostalgiques des politiques multiculturalistes d’antan. Les aficionados de Hanif Kureishi, auteur de la nouvelle sur laquelle le film est fondé, et scénariste du film lui-même, y retrouveront le plaidoyer pour la liberté individuelle et, en particulier, la liberté sexuelle qu’ils attendent, mais seront un peu surpris par les côtés didactiques, pour employer cet adjectif dans une acception qui déplait aux didacticiens, c'est-à-dire une volonté de démonstration un peu insistante.Using films, or, for that matter, any cultural artefact in order to reach an understanding of social issues raises a number of

  18. Une éducation sentimentale ou le roman d’amour de Salammbô

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geneviève Mondon

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available La transcription et l’étude des manuscrits préparatoires de Salammbô a permis de retracer la genèse du personnage féminin, en mettant en valeur son aventure personnelle. Les passages inédits, les marges et écritures interlinéaires apportent des éléments précieux pour construire le roman d’amour de l’héroïne, et lui donner une tonalité plus érotique, avant que Flaubert ne supprime, transforme ou masque habilement ces traces éphémères. Afin que les lignes soient plus nettes, ma recherche privilégie le point de vue de Salammbô, pour autant qu’on puisse connaître cette figure énigmatique. En laissant de côté, volontairement, les problèmes primordiaux du roman, la guerre historique de Carthage, la lutte mythique entre Tanit et Moloch, la grande Histoire et la mythologie, les batailles et les massacres, la lumière se concentre sur l’aventure sentimentale, absolument nécessaire dans un roman historique, l’auteur le sait. L’évocation du milieu social de la fille du suffète Hamilcar, l’analyse de son psychisme, de ses désirs, de ses rêves et de ses croyances apportent un éclairage sur sa vie de femme. L’examen d’un inédit comme les pages consacrées à la danseuse montre la volonté du romancier de créer un personnage séduisant et actif. Devant les guerriers a lieu l’« épiphanie », caractéristique des héros : le chant lyrique et la danse ésotérique en sont les signes manifestes. Après la rencontre, Salammbô et Mâtho, en proie au désir amoureux, se cherchent, se fuient et rêvent l’un de l’autre. Un inédit rapporte le songe de la jeune femme. Des expériences qui allient plaisir et souffrances, l’union mystique avec le serpent, la « baisade » contribuent à son éducation sentimentale mais la déception finale, l’échec du désir, est la vraie révélation.The transcription and study of Salammbô’s preparatory manuscripts enable us to retrace the genesis of the feminine

  19. Quantification of the effect of in-situ generated uranium metal on the experimentally determined O/U ratio of a sintered uranium dioxide fuel pellet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Narasimha Murty, B.; Bharati Misra, U.; Yadav, R.B.; Srivastava, R.K.

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes quantitatively the effect of in-situ generated uranium metal (that could be formed due to the conducive manufacturing conditions) in a sintered uranium dioxide fuel pellet on the experimentally determined O/U ratio using analytical methods involving dissolution of the pellet material. To quantify the effect of in-situ generated uranium metal in the fuel pellet, a mathematical expression is derived for the actual O/U ratio in terms of the O/U ratio as determined by an experiment involving dissolution of the material and the quantity of uranium metal present in the uranium dioxide pellet. The utility of this derived mathematical expression is demonstrated by tabulating the calculated actual O/U ratios for varying amounts of uranium metal (from 5 to 95% in 5% intervals) and different O/U ratio values (from 2.001 to 2.015 in 0.001 intervals). This paper brings out the necessity of care to be exercised while interpreting the experimentally determined O/U ratio and emphasizes the fact that it is always safer to produce the nuclear fuel with oxygen to uranium ratios well below the specified maximum limit of 2.015. (author)

  20. Integrating physical and mental health promotion strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Palma, Jessica Anne

    2010-01-01

    While health is defined as ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being’, physical and mental health have traditionally been separated. This paper explores the question: How can physical and mental health promotion strategies be integrated and addressed simultaneously? A literature review on why physical and mental health are separated and why these two areas need to be integrated was conducted. A conceptual framework for how to integrate physical and mental health promotion st...

  1. Television and the promotion of mental health

    OpenAIRE

    Milošević Ljiljana

    2011-01-01

    Current media campaigns, realized within national campaigns and actions on mental health prevention and promotion, are considered in this paper, in the context of expert public relation, as well as the whole society, towards mental health. Mental health promotion is determined as a range of activities by which individuals, community and society are being enabled to take control over mental health determinants and to improve it, but also as an action for improvement of mental health posi...

  2. Mental Retardation and Parenting Stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleni Siamaga

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Backround: The presence, upbringing and looking after of a mentally retarded child in the family, can become a threat to the mental health of its parents and is the main predisposing factor of stress for the parents.Aim: The purpose of this systematic review is (a to document the contemporary research bibliography related to the stress of parents with mentally retarded children, (b to aggregate the factors and secondary parameters based on the contemporary research related to the influence of the (child’s mental retardation on the parents and (c to show an intercultural aspect regarding the presence of stress to parents with mentally retarded children.Methods: Systematic review of research articles published in scientific journals included in the international academic databases HEAL-LING, SAGE, ELSEVIER, WILSON, SCIENCEDIRECT, MEDLINE, PUBMED, PsycINFO, Cochrane, EMBASE, SCIRUS and CINAHL having as search criteria and key words the terms («parental stress and mental retardation» [MeSH], «parenting stress and persons with special needs» [MeSH], «mental retardation and family problems» [MeSH], «stress and parents» [MeSH], «parenting and stress» [MeSH], «mental delay and parents» [MeSH], «developmental disabilities and family stress» [MeSH], «intellectual handicap and parenting» [MeSH], «maternal stress and child with disabilities» [MeSH].Discussion: The review has proven that all forms of mental retardation have an important -from a statistic point of viewimpacton the parents’ mental health. Anxiety, stress and depression are common symptoms mentioned by the parents.Additionally, there are individual variables such as the husband-wife relationship, the parents’ approach to their child’s disability, the parental strategies used in order to cope with the daily life of the child’s disability and the behavioural problems of their child, all of which contribute to the increase of the level of parental stress

  3. Malaysia mental health country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parameshvara Deva, M

    2004-01-01

    Malaysia is a tropical country in the heart of south east Asia with a population of 24 million people of diverse ethnic, cultural and religious backgrounds living in harmony in 330,000 km(2) of land on the Asian mainland and Borneo. Malaysia, which lies on the crossroads of trade between east and west Asia, has an ancient history as a centre of trading attracting commerce between Europe, west Asia, India and China. It has had influences from major powers that dominated the region throughout its history. Today the country, after independence in 1957, has embarked on an ambitious development project to make it a developed country by 2020. In this effort the economy has changed from one producing raw material to one manufacturing consumer goods and services and the colonial health system has been overhauled and social systems strengthened to provide better services for its people. The per capita income, which was under 1,000 US dollars at independence, has now passed 4,000 US dollars and continues to grow, with the economy largely based on strong exports that amount to over 100 billion US dollars. The mental health system that was based on institutional care in four mental hospitals at independence from British colonial rule in 1957 with no Malaysian psychiatrists is today largely based on over 30 general hospital psychiatric units spread throughout the country. With three local postgraduate training programmes in psychiatry and 12 undergraduate departments of psychiatry in the country--all started after independence--there is now a healthy development of mental health services. This is being supplemented by a newly established primary care mental health service that covers community mental health by integrating mental health into primary health care. Mental health care at the level of psychiatrists rests with about 140 psychiatrists most of whom had undertaken a four-year masters course in postgraduate psychiatry in Malaysia since 1973. However, there continues to be

  4. Sports psychiatry: mental health and mental disorders in athletes and exercise treatment of mental disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ströhle, Andreas

    2018-03-21

    Sports psychiatry has developed for the past 3 decades as an emerging field within psychiatry and sports medicine. An International society has been established in 1994 and also national interest groups were implemented, mostly within the national organizations for psychiatry, some also containing the topic of exercise treatment of mental disorders. Where are we now 30 years later? We systematically but also selectively review the medical literature on exercise, sport, psychiatry, mental health and mental disorders and related topics. The number of publications in the field has increased exponentially. Most topics keep remaining on the agenda, e.g., head trauma and concussion, drug abuse and doping, performance enhancement, overtraining, ADHD or eating disorders. Supported by the growing literature, evidence-based recommendations have become available now in many clinical areas. A relatively new phenomenon is muscle dysmorphia, observed in weightlifters, bodybuilders but also in college students and gym users. Further, sports therapy of mental disorders has been studied by more and more high-quality randomized controlled clinical trials. Mostly as a complementary treatment, however, for some disorders already with a 1a evidence level, e.g., depression, dementia or MCI but also post-traumatic stress disorder. Being grown up and accepted nowadays, sports psychiatry still represents a fast-developing field. The reverse side of the coin, sport therapy of mental disorders has received a scientific basis now. Who else than sports psychiatry could advance sport therapy of mental disorders? We need this enthusiasm for sports and psychiatry for our patients with mental disorders and it is time now for a broadening of the scope. Optimized psychiatric prevention and treatment of athletes and ideal sport-related support for individuals with mental disorders should be our main purpose and goal.

  5. Mentalization, insightfulness, and therapeutic action. The importance of mental organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugarman, Alan

    2006-08-01

    Continuing debates over the relative importance of the role of interpretation leading to insight versus the relationship with the analyst as contributing to structural change are based on traditional definitions of insight as gaining knowledge of unconscious content. This definition inevitably privileges verbal interpretation as self-knowledge becomes equated with understanding the contents of the mind. It is suggested that a way out of this debate is to redefine insight as a process, one that is called insightfulness. This term builds on concepts such as mentalization, or theory of mind, and suggests that patients present with difficulties being able to fully mentalize. Awareness of repudiated content will usually accompany the attainment of insightfulness. But the point of insightfulness is to regain access to inhibited or repudiated mentalization, not to specific content, per se. Emphasizing the process of insightfulness integrates the importance of the relationship with the analyst with the facilitation of insightfulness. A variety of interventions help patients gain the capacity to reflect upon and become aware of the intricate workings of their minds, of which verbal interpretation is only one. For example, often it seems less important to focus on a particular conflict than to show interest in our patients' minds. Furthermore, analysands develop insightfulness by becoming interested in and observing our minds in action. Because the mind originates in bodily experience, mental functioning will always fluctuate between action modes of experiencing and expressing and verbal, symbolic modes. The analyst's role becomes making the patient aware of regressions to action modes, understanding the reasons for doing so, and subordinating this tendency to the verbal, symbolic mode. All mental functions work better and facilitate greater self-regulation when they work in abstract, symbolic ways. Psychopathology can be understood as failing to develop or losing the

  6. O letrado e o guerreiro: ou dois ensaios sobre o âmago terrível da linguagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Janine Ribeiro

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available No seu conto “Famigerado”, Guimarães Rosa faz um guerreiro procurar um letrado, a fim de resolver questão de vida ou morte: foilhe dirigida uma ofensa, que deve vingar, ou um elogio, que pode aceitar? Como o guerreiro vem das montanhas do São Ão, podemos sugerir que provenha da intensificação de nossa língua portuguesa, língua do não, como disse Mário de Andrade, contrastando-a com as línguas do oil, do oc e do si. Podemos também, comparando essa passagem com o capítulo do Leviatã (1651 em que Thomas Hobbes define a linguagem, apontar um âmago terrível desta última, no qual ela é guerra – e só é pacificada ao tornar-se literatura, mas enquanto jogo, enquanto extirpação de seus poderes específicos e assustadores.

  7. Photographie et représentation de soi dans W ou le Souvenir d’enfance de Georges Perec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siriki Ouattara

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available W ou le souvenir d’enfance convoque ouvertement en son sein des éléments paralittéraires comme la photographie qui le déconstruit. Le désir de Georges Perec de reconstituer ou de reconstruire son histoire est si ardent qu’il lui a consacré ce roman particulier. Dans cette œuvre autobiographique atypique, l’auteur fait appel à diverses techniques de représentation de soi, la photographie. Cette dernière est un élément nouveau en littérature (même s´elle y est prise en compte depuis le dix-neuvième siècle qui redéfinit nombre d´habitudes littéraires. Ainsi, elle occasionne un renouvellement de l´écriture à travers l´institution de nouveaux rapports qui, tout en changeant les vieux rôles narratifs, invitent à dire autrement, voire à raconter différemment. La photographie offre alors l´occasion d´expérimenter une nouvelle discursivité de la représentation.

  8. Equipes de trabalho ou grupos de cooperativos na Semana Acadêmica Integrada do IFRS - Campus Osório

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Silva De Bona

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho é uma reflexão sobre a ação de uma comissão organizadora de um evento do tipo semana acadêmica integrada de ensino superior de três cursos do IFRS - Campus Osório, que aconteceu em maio de 2016. Tal reflexão tem o objetivo de discutir o que são equipes de trabalho ou grupos cooperativos segundo as teorias da administração que diferenciam grupos de equipes, e da educação que delineiam as ações de cooperar e colaborar como distintas, enquanto para a área da informática são similares. A metodologia é um estudo de caso ancorado em um relato de experiência sobre este evento, e que descreve como resultado a importância profissional de se distinguir termos conceituais tanto na teoria como na prática, pois tais podem se tornam um diferencial profissional para qualquer área atualmente, além das percepções e responsabilizações dos estudantes da comissão organizadora quanto as diferentes formas de atuar e trabalhar sejam em grupos ou equipes.

  9. Analysis of Aquifer Response, Groundwater Flow, and PlumeEvolution at Site OU 1, Former Fort Ord, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jordan, Preston D.; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Su, Grace W.

    2005-02-24

    This report presents a continuation from Oldenburg et al. (2002) of analysis of the hydrogeology, In-Situ Permeable Flow Sensor (ISPFS) results, aquifer response, and changes in the trichloroethylene (TCE) groundwater plume at Operational Unit 1 (OU 1) adjacent to the former Fritzsche Army Airfield at the former Fort Ord Army Base, located on Monterey Bay in northern Monterey County. Fuels and solvents were burned on a portion of OU 1 called the Fire Drill Area (FDA) during airport fire suppression training between 1962 and 1985. This activity resulted in soil and groundwater contamination in the unconfined A-aquifer. In the late 1980's, soil excavation and bioremediation were successful in remediating soil contamination at the site. Shortly thereafter, a groundwater pump, treat, and recharge system commenced operation. This system has been largely successful at remediating groundwater contamination at the head of the groundwater plume. However, a trichloroethylene (TCE) groundwater plume extends approximately 3000 ft (900 m) to the northwest away from the FDA. In the analyses presented here, we augment our prior work (Oldenburg et al., 2002) with new information including treatment-system totalizer data, recent water-level and chemistry data, and data collected from new wells to discern trends in contaminant migration and groundwater flow that may be useful for ongoing remediation efforts. Some conclusions from the prior study have been modified based on these new analyses, and these are pointed out clearly in this report.

  10. Water quality assessment of highly polluted rivers in a semi-arid Mediterranean zone Oued Fez and Sebou River (Morocco)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrin, J. L.; Raïs, N.; Chahinian, N.; Moulin, P.; Ijjaali, M.

    2014-03-01

    Oued Fez (one of the Sebou River tributaries - Morocco) allowed us to study and quantify the effect of the lack of wastewater treatment on surface water quality in semi-arid hydrological context. The analysis is based on field data collected from June 2009 to December 2011. Concentration and load patterns of nitrogen, phosphorus and chromium (used in the processing of leather) are compared in stable hydrological conditions during low flow and high flow periods in an eight-location sampling network. The Oued Fez and the Sebou River are characterised by severe pollution downstream from the city of Fez, particularly TN (mainly NH4 and Norg), TP (mainly Ppart) and TCr. The most polluted sites are those directly under the influence of domestic and industrial waste water inputs, particularly tannery effluents. Obviously, the concentrations measured at these locations are above all environmental quality standards. Pollutant loads are very heavy in the Sebou River and can contaminate the river course for kilometres. Moreover, as the water of the Sebou River is used for the irrigation of vegetables, serious problems of public health could arise. A better understanding of contaminant dynamics and self-purifying processes in these rivers will help implement actions and steps aimed at improving water quality in the Sebou River, which is the primary water supply source in Morocco and is used for agricultural and industrials purposes as well as for drinking water.

  11. Significance of mental health legislation for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health services: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayano, Getinet

    2018-03-29

     Mental health legislation (MHL) is required to ensure a regulatory framework for mental health services and other providers of treatment and care, and to ensure that the public and people with a mental illness are afforded protection from the often-devastating consequences of mental illness.  To provide an overview of evidence on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health servicesMethod: A qualitative review of the literature on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health services was conducted.  In many countries, especially in those who have no MHL, people do not have access to basic mental health care and treatment they require. One of the major aims of MHL is that all people with mental disorders should be provided with treatment based on the integration of mental health care services into the primary healthcare (PHC). In addition, MHL plays a crucial role in community integration of persons with mental disorders, the provision of care of high quality, the improvement of access to care at community level. Community-based mental health care further improves access to mental healthcare within the city, to have better health and mental health outcomes, and better quality of life, increase acceptability, reduce associated social stigma and human rights abuse, prevent chronicity and physical health comorbidity will likely to be detected early and managed.  Mental health legislation plays a crucial role in community integration of persons with mental disorders, integration of mental health at primary health care, the provision of care of high quality and the improvement of access to care at community level. It is vital and essential to have MHL for every country.

  12. Transtorno de ansiedade generalizada em idosos com oitenta anos ou mais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Flávio MF

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Descrever a prevalência de transtorno de ansiedade generalizada (TAG em uma população de idosos residentes em uma comunidade e com idade acima de 80 anos e comparar os padrões de sono, a função cognitiva e a taxa de prevalência de outros diagnósticos psiquiátricos entre controles normais e sujeitos com TAG. MÉTODOS: Para o diagnóstico de TAG, foram utilizados os critérios do "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM-IV. Selecionou-se uma amostra randômica e representativa de 77 sujeitos (35%, residentes em uma comunidade, entre todos os idosos com idade acima de 80 anos do município Veranópolis, RS. Os padrões de sono foram aferidos pelo índice de qualidade de sono de Pittsburgh e pelo diário sobre sono/vigília a ser preenchido ao longo de duas semanas. Cinco testes neuropsicológicos foram usados na avaliação cognitiva: teste das lembranças seletivas de Buschke-Fuld; lista de palavras da bateria CERAD (Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease; teste de fluência verbal e dois subtestes da escala de memória Wechsler. RESULTADOS: A prevalência estimada de TAG foi de 10,6%, cuja presença estava associada a uma maior ocorrência de depressão clinicamente diagnosticável, com um significativo maior número de sintomas depressivos, quando medidos pela escala de depressão geriátrica, e com uma maior ocorrência de depressão menor. Os padrões de sono e o funcionamento cognitivo, entre sujeitos com TAG, não estavam afetados. A gravidade das doenças físicas não variava entre sujeitos com TAG e os controles normais. A presença de TAG estava associada a um significativo pior padrão de qualidade de vida relativa à saúde. CONCLUSÃO: Em comparação com os estudos prévios, a prevalência de TAG é alta entre a população de idosos mais velhos. Esse transtorno ocorre em freqüente associação com a sintomatologia depressiva e também está associado a um pior padrão de

  13. Nutritional therapies for mental disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vieira Karen F

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 out of the 10 leading causes of disability in the US and other developed countries are mental disorders. Major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD are among the most common mental disorders that currently plague numerous countries and have varying incidence rates from 26 percent in America to 4 percent in China. Though some of this difference may be attributable to the manner in which individual healthcare providers diagnose mental disorders, this noticeable distribution can be also explained by studies which show that a lack of certain dietary nutrients contribute to the development of mental disorders. Notably, essential vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids are often deficient in the general population in America and other developed countries; and are exceptionally deficient in patients suffering from mental disorders. Studies have shown that daily supplements of vital nutrients often effectively reduce patients' symptoms. Supplements that contain amino acids also reduce symptoms, because they are converted to neurotransmitters that alleviate depression and other mental disorders. Based on emerging scientific evidence, this form of nutritional supplement treatment may be appropriate for controlling major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders, eating disorders, attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD, addiction, and autism. The aim of this manuscript is to emphasize which dietary supplements can aid the treatment of the four most common mental disorders currently affecting America and other developed countries: major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD. Most antidepressants and other prescription drugs cause severe side effects, which usually discourage patients from taking their medications. Such

  14. O Trote e a Saúde Mental de Estudantes de Medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Pereira Lima

    Full Text Available RESUMO Introdução A prática do trote é um fenômeno que teve início na Idade Média e ainda persiste em muitas universidades pelo mundo. No Brasil, embora seja um problema amplamente reconhecido, tem sido insuficientemente estudado. Objetivo Estimar a prevalência e identificar fatores associados à ocorrência de trote numa faculdade de Medicina pública, localizada no interior do Estado de São Paulo. Método Foi realizado um estudo transversal do qual participaram 477 estudantes de Medicina do primeiro ao sexto ano do curso. O questionário autopreenchido continha questões e instrumentos estruturados que permitiram avaliar: características sociodemográficas e da vida acadêmica, apoio social, sintomas depressivos, uso problemático de álcool (por meio do Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test – Audit, transtorno mental comum (por meio do Self Reporting Questionnaire – SRQ e se o participante sofreu trote que considerou abusivo ou se aplicou trote do qual se arrependeu posteriormente. Foi realizada análise bivariada e regressão logística para identificar fatores independentemente associados a cada um dos desfechos (ter sofrido trote que considerou abusivo ou ter aplicado trote do qual se arrependeu posteriormente. Resultados A taxa de resposta foi de 87,0%. Relataram ter sofrido trote abusivo 39,8% (IC95% 35,4% – 44,2% dos estudantes, enquanto afirmaram ter aplicado trote do qual se arrependeram 7,5% (IC95% 5,2% – 9,9% deles. Ter sofrido trote abusivo associou-se a: sexo masculino, não estar adaptado à cidade, apresentar menor escore na escala de apoio social e ter feito ou estar fazendo tratamento psiquiátrico e/ou psicológico após o ingresso na universidade. Ter aplicado trote, por sua vez, também se associou a sexo masculino, assim como a maior idade e maior pontuação no Audit. Conclusão Trote associou-se a sexo masculino e à procura por tratamento de saúde mental entre os que o receberam e a uso problem

  15. Population mental health: evidence, policy, and public health practice

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cohen, Neal L; Galea, Sandro

    2011-01-01

    ... on population mental health with public mental health policy and practice. Issues covered in the book include the influence of mental health policies on the care and well-­ being of individuals with mental illness, the interconnectedness of physical and mental disorders, the obstacles to adopting a public health orientation to mental health/mental ill...

  16. Does mental exertion alter maximal muscle activation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vianney eRozand

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Mental exertion is known to impair endurance performance, but its effects on neuromuscular function remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that mental exertion reduces torque and muscle activation during intermittent maximal voluntary contractions of the knee extensors. Ten subjects performed in a randomized order three separate mental exertion conditions lasting 27 minutes each: i high mental exertion (incongruent Stroop task, ii moderate mental exertion (congruent Stroop task, iii low mental exertion (watching a movie. In each condition, mental exertion was combined with ten intermittent maximal voluntary contractions of the knee extensor muscles (one maximal voluntary contraction every 3 minutes. Neuromuscular function was assessed using electrical nerve stimulation. Maximal voluntary torque, maximal muscle activation and other neuromuscular parameters were similar across mental exertion conditions and did not change over time. These findings suggest that mental exertion does not affect neuromuscular function during intermittent maximal voluntary contractions of the knee extensors.

  17. La prose d’idées espagnole et le paradigme de l’économie domestique ou l’économie dans la littérature (XVIe-XVIIe siècles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Laure Acquier

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude tente d’approcher le sens et les enjeux de la présence du paradigme de l’économie domestique dans la prose d’idées espagnole, en particulier dans la littérature nobiliaire et « économique » du siècle d’or espagnol. Inclus dans le vaste champ de la philosophie morale dont l’histoire ramène aux sources antiques et médiévales, le gouvernement de la maison (sens étymologique du terme « économie » peine à s’abstraire, dans les textes de cette « littératures d’idées », d’une chaîne conceptuelle analogique structurante qui la situe entre le gouvernement de la république (politique et le gouvernement de soi (éthique. Or à l’âge classique, la littérature est traversée par des tensions paradoxales qui lui permettent de conserver son rôle de creuset de tous les savoirs mais en même temps la conduisent à favoriser l’autonomisation progressive -mais jamais linéaire- des différents champs de la connaissance. L’article présenté s’attache à faire la part entre les adaptations génériques inventées par la prose d’idées pour s’approprier ces savoirs, l’instrumentalisation dans les discours de l’inclusion de l’« économie » dans la philosophie morale à des fins de stratégies sociales (individuelles ou catégorielles (collectives et les glissements épistémologiques que cela suppose. En passant par les strates de l’analyse générique, socio-historique et épistémologique d’un Discours économique (1652 dû à Antonio López de Vega, ce travail tente de mettre en valeur la promotion d’une « économie moralisée », qui jette les bases d’une possible évolution de l’« économie domestique » dépassant la gestion et l’administration de la maison.El presente estudio intenta medir la significación del paradigma de la economía doméstica en la prosa de ideas española, en particular en la literatura nobiliaria y económica del siglo de oro español. Incluido en el

  18. Copenhagen infant mental health project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Væver, Mette Skovgaard; Smith-Nielsen, Johanne; Lange, Theis

    2016-01-01

    such as physical and mental health, educational and labor market success, social network and establishing of family. Secure attachment is associated with optimal outcomes in all developmental domains in childhood, and both insecure and disorganized attachment are associated with a range of later problems......Background: Infant mental health is a significant public health issue as early adversity and exposure to early childhood stress are significant risk factors that may have detrimental long-term developmental consequences for the affected children. Negative outcomes are seen on a range of areas...... in the City of Copenhagen, Denmark. During the project a general population of an estimated 17.600 families with an infant aged 2–12 months are screened for two known infant mental health risks, maternal postnatal depression and infant social withdrawal. Eligible families (N = 314), who agree to participate...

  19. Adult Neurogenesis and Mental Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenfeld, Timothy J; Cameron, Heather A

    2015-01-01

    Several lines of evidence suggest that adult neurogenesis, the production of new neurons in adulthood, may play a role in psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia. Medications and other treatments for mental disorders often promote the proliferation of new neurons; the time course for maturation and integration of new neurons in circuitry parallels the delayed efficacy of psychiatric therapies; adverse and beneficial experiences similarly affect development of mental illness and neurogenesis; and ablation of new neurons in adulthood alters the behavioral impact of drugs in animal models. At present, the links between adult neurogenesis and depression seem stronger than those suggesting a relationship between new neurons and anxiety or schizophrenia. Yet, even in the case of depression there is currently no direct evidence for a causative role. This article reviews the data relating adult neurogenesis to mental illness and discusses where research needs to head in the future. PMID:25178407

  20. Zambia mental health country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayeya, John; Chazulwa, Roy; Mayeya, Petronella Ntambo; Mbewe, Edward; Magolo, Lonia Mwape; Kasisi, Friday; Bowa, Annel Chishimba

    2004-01-01

    This country profile for Zambia was compiled between 1998 and 2002. The objectives of the exercise were to first of all avail policymakers, other key decision makers and leaders in Zambia, information about mental health in Zambia in order to assist policy and services development. Secondly, to facilitate comparative analyses of mental health services between countries. The work involved formation of a core group of experts who coordinated the collection of information from the various organizations in Zambia. The information was later shared to a broad spectrum of stakeholders for consensus. A series of focus group discussions (FGDs) supplemented the information collected. There are various factors that contribute to mental health in Zambia. It is clear from the Zambian perspective that social, demographic, economic, political, environmental, cultural and religious influences affect the mental health of the people. With a population of 10.3 million and annual growth rate of 2.9%, Zambia is one of the most urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Poverty levels stood at 72.9% in 1998. In terms of unemployment, the most urbanized provinces, Lusaka (the capital city), and the copper-belt are the most affected. The gross domestic product (GDP) is US$3.09 billion dollars while per capita income is US$300. The total budget allocation for health in the year 2002 was 15% while the proportion of the GDP per capita expenditure for health was 5.6%. The HIV/AIDS prevalence rates stand at 20% among the reproductive age group 15-49 years. Political instability and wars in neighbouring states has resulted in an influx of refugees. Environmental factors affecting the country include natural and man-made disasters such as floods and drought, mine accidents, and deforestation. To a large extent in Zambia, people who are mentally ill are stigmatized, feared, scorned at, humiliated and condemned. However, caring for mental ill health in old age is positively perceived. It is

  1. Mental life in the space of reasons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinkmann, Svend

    2006-01-01

    causal ones. The consequence is that mental life is irreducibly moral, and if the sciences of mental life are to become adequate to deal with their subject matter, they should construe themselves as what was once referred to as moral sciences. It is argued that the source of the normativity of mental...... life is found in historically evolved social practices,although not all normativity is conventional or historically contingent. Finally, some objections to the idea that mental life is normative are discussed; first, that this idea represents an intellectualist or rationalist fallacy, and second...... that it violates our conception of mental illness as something mental, yet outside the space of reasons...

  2. Children in Rural Internet Café ——Ethnographic Investigation on the Internet Usage and Social Interaction of Left-behind Children in Ou Town Hubei Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Yun Guan

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper that takes Ou Town in Hubei Province as a case, studies the influence on the socialization of left-behind children after the intrusion of the Internet café industry into rural areas by ethnographic investigation. This study figures out a large number of migrant workers crowding into urban areas left nothing but the hollowing-out in rural regions. Unfortunately, the Internet café industry makes use of this chance to scramble for the children’s market. Mentally immature left-behind children find it hard to resist the temptation because of lack of self-control, so that they waste massive amount of time and energy in the virtue world. Despite they have experienced the "pleasure", and relieved from loneliness and boredom, their interaction activities have also been involved in the online game industry chain. This does not only exert impacts on the communication among people, but also on the construction of social capital in their social interaction, which leads to the disadvantaged accumulation of social capital. The group affected by the network, inadvertently learns at school and drops out one after another, ending up in their flow-life work from one city to another.

  3. Vendredi ou Les Limbes du Pacifique: uma nova perspectiva do individualismo moderno na sociedade contemporânea = Vendredi ou Les Limbes du Pacifique: a new perspective of modern individualism in contemporary society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jussara da Silva Rodrigues

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Considerado pelo crítico de literatura Ian Watt como um dos ‘mitos do individualismo moderno’, As Aventuras de Robinson Crusoe, de Daniel Defoe (1719, é um livro que exerceu e exerce grande influência no imaginário ocidental. Seu sucesso rendeu-lhe inúmeras reescrituras, conhecidas como ‘robinsoníadas’. Vendredi ou Les Limbes du Pacifique1, escrito em 1967 pelo francês Michel Tournier, é um dos intertextos mais ricos surgidos desde então. A adoção de uma perspectiva completamente nova rompe com o paradigma do homem branco civilizado e dota o texto de originalidade. Na nova versão, o individualismo de Robinson assume um caráter mais condizente com o pensamento da sociedade contemporânea. Este artigo busca, por meio de uma análise comparativa e de um estudo dos símbolos, ressaltar o potencial de Vendredi como mito do individualismo moderno na sociedade contemporânea.Considered by the critic of literature Ian Watt as one of the ‘myths of modern individualism’, The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe (1719 is a book that exerted and exerts great influence in the occidental imagination. Its great success rendered it numerous rewritings, known as robinsonades. Vendredi ou Les Limbes du Pacifique written in 1967 by the French Michel Tournier, is one of the richest intertexts ever emerged since then. The adoption of a completely new perspective breaks with the paradigm of the white civilized man providing the originality of the text. In the new version, the individualism of Robinson gets role more consistent to the contemporary society thought. This article aims to emphasize Vendredi potential as a myth of the modern individualism in contemporary society through its symbols and a comparative analysis.

  4. Mushroom Shiitake, is it mutagenic or antimutagenic agent? Shiitake, um cogumelo mutagênico ou antimutagênico?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilce Mara de Syllos Cólus

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Mushrooms have been consumed by eastern populations due to their edible and medicinal properties, for a long time. Over the years, there has also been a gradual increase in the consumption of mushrooms in the western countries, including Brazil. However, the benefits or harms that these mushrooms may cause to the human health are still uncertain. Shiitake (Lentinula edodes (Berk. Pegler is one of the most appreciated fungi in the Brazilian cuisine and its functional and nutritional properties have been extensively studied. Other characteristics of this basidiomycet have also been reported, including its antitumoral, antiviral, bactericidal properties, as well as being a homeostasis and biorhythm regulator. However, studies regarding its mutagenic and antimutagenic potential in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms are scarce. Knowledge of these biological properties is essential before a product can be recommended as food and/or drug. Therefore, its indication as a beneficial product to human health is premature since it is necessary to broaden studies on the mutagenic and antimutagenic activities of the mushroom Shiitake or of its active compounds.   Desde a antigüidade, os cogumelos vêm sendo consumidos pelos povos orientais devido às suas  propriedades medicinais e comestíveis e ao longo dos anos tem-se observado um aumento gradativo no consumo também nos países ocidentais, inclusive o Brasil. No entanto, ainda há dúvidas quanto aos benefícios ou prejuízos à saúde, decorrentes do uso destes cogumelos pelas populações humanas. Entre os cogumelos muito apreciados na culinária brasileira, destaca-se o Shiitake (Lentinula edodes (Berk. Pegler, um dos fungos comestíveis mais estudados quanto às suas propriedades funcionais e nutricionais. Já se tem conhecimento sobre várias atividades deste basidiomiceto superior, como antitumoral, antiviral, bactericida, regulador da homeostase e do biorritmo. No entanto, poucos trabalhos

  5. Comunidades científicas: condições ou estratégias de mudança

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lovisolo Hugo

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available São focalizados, comparativamente, os desenvolvimentos das comunidades científicas argentina e brasileira. O autor parte do paradoxo entre as condições (econômicas, culturais e educacionais que deveriam ter favorecido o resultado, o desenvolvimento das comunidades científicas argentinas, quando se comparam com as vigentes no Brasil ao longo do século. Rejeitando, a partir do paradoxo entre condições e desenvolvimento efetivo, uma leitura externalista, o autor defende a importância metodológica de estudar as estratégias a favor do reconhecimento e da legitimação do papel do cientista. Distingue dois tipos ideais de estratégia: a cientificista ou intervencionista e a academicista ou da renúncia. Após caracterizar os tipos ideais, interpreta, com base em material histórico, seus desenvolvimentos em ambos os países. No caso argentino, teria dominado uma estratégia intervencionista que confronta a universidade e a intelectualidade com os poderes dominantes, em especial, o do Estado, além de enfrentamentos significativos entre os defensores de cada estratégia. No Brasil, a estratégia academicista teria sido dominante, conciliando as diferenças e estabelecendo um padrão de colaboração entre comunidade científica e o Estado. As diferenças entre os dois desenvolvimentos são, portanto, vistas como diferenças entre as possibilidades de confronto ou interpenetração das duas estratégias entre si e em suas relações, principalmente, com o Estado. Sugere-se que para entender o desenvolvimento específico das estratégias em nível nacional, faz-se necessário formular algumas hipóteses sobre o modo de integração das estratégias científicas com as tradições políticas e de definição de identidades em cada país.

  6. Salud Mental... Antes y ahora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Velez-Laguado

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Comprender el concepto de Salud Mental es entender que la Salud depende de algo más que un buen estado físico; es el equilibrio o armonía entre las distintas dimensiones que conforman al individuo dentro de un entorno, que dada las condiciones de nuestro País, ha cambiado. Su prevención está dada por la adquisición de conductas saludables a partir de la implementación, las Políticas de Salud mental dentro de los Lineamientos Departamentales.

  7. [Mental disorders in primary care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herzig, Lilli; Mühlemann, Nicole; Bischoff, Thomas

    2010-05-19

    Mental disorders (depression, anxiety and somatization) are frequent in Primary care and are often associated to physical complaints and to psychosocial stressors. Mental disorders have in this way a specific presentation and in addition patients may present different associations of them. Sometimes it is difficult to recognize them, but it is important to do so and to take rapidly care of these patients. Specific screening questions exist and have been used in a research of the Institute of General Medicine and the Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine (PMU), University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

  8. Mental depression and kundalini yoga.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devi, S K; Chansauria, J P; Udupa, K N

    1986-10-01

    In cases of mental depression, the plasma serotonin, melatonin and glutamate levels are increased along with the lowering of urinary - 5 - hydroxyindole acetic acid, plasma monoamine oxidase and cortisol levels following three and six months Practice of Kundalini Yoga. The pulse rate and blood pressure in these patients are also lowered after Kundalini Yoga practice. Thus, the practice of Kundalini Yoga helps to maintain a perfect homeostasis by bringing an equilibrium between the sympathetic and parasympathetic activities and it can be used as a non - medical measure in treating patients with mental depression.

  9. Acute mental health care according to recent mental health ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: This is the second of three reports on the follow-up review of mental health care at Helen Joseph Hospital (HJH). Objectives for the review were to provide realistic estimates of cost for unit activities and to establish a quality assurance cycle that may facilitate cost centre management. Method: The study described ...

  10. Repercussões otorrinolaringológicas do abuso de cocaína e/ou crack em dependentes de drogas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nassif Filho A.C.N.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência de pacientes viciados em cocaína e/ou crack parece estar aumentando; portanto, o médico deve estar preparado para diagnosticar o uso de drogas. OBJETIVOS. Determinar se existem sinais típicos de uso de cocaína e/ou crack no trato respiratório superior ou na orofaringe em exame otorrinolaringológico comum. Orientar o médico no diagnóstico dos pacientes viciados nessas drogas. MÉTODOS. Foram estudados 18 pacientes viciados em cocaína e/ou crack, que estavam internados em clínica psiquiátrica, através de anamnese e exame otorrinolaringológico simples (rinoscopia anterior e orofaringoscopia. RESULTADOS. Foi impossível estabelecer uma correlação entre o tempo de uso, quantidade e freqüência no uso das drogas quanto aos sintomas e exame otorrinolaringológico. CONCLUSÃO. Devido à inespecíficidade no exame otorrinolaringológico do paciente viciado em cocaína e/ou crack, é necessário que o médico suspeite do abuso de drogas na história clínica; caso contrário, poderá não realizar este importante diagnóstico.

  11. Doação de alimentos: fetiche ou política de segurança alimentar

    OpenAIRE

    Gambardella, Alice Dianezi

    2005-01-01

    A Doação de Alimentos permanece como uma das atividades da Política de Segurança Alimentar. Tem sido ela um fetiche ou efetivamente um mecanismo constitutivo dessa política? Para examinar esta questão, foi elaborado estudo do desempenho do Banco de Alimentos do Município de São Paulo, no período de 2004. As dimensões e o alcance desta iniciativa de combate ao desperdício de alimentos serviram de base para a análise da atuação governamental sobre este tipo de ação e demais me...

  12. Le télé-achat : finalité ou usage par défaut des nouvelles convergences ?

    OpenAIRE

    Lenoir , Christophe

    2000-01-01

    HAL : hal-00558853; International audience; Le télé-achat relève-t-il d'une finalité ou d'un usage par défaut des nouvelles convergences ? A partir des questions de détermination technologique et d'indétermination des usages, cet article propose, au vu de l'évolution économique du secteur et de l'information économique véhiculée par ses agents, de s'interroger sur les conditions énonciatives de ces processus de communication et leurs conséquences sur le médium télévisuel.

  13. Hong-Ou-Mandel effect in terms of the temporal biphoton wave function with two arrival-time variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedorov, M. V.; Sysoeva, A. A.; Vintskevich, S. V.; Grigoriev, D. A.

    2018-03-01

    The well-known Hong-Ou-Mandel effect is revisited. Two physical reasons are discussed for the effect to be less pronounced or even to disappear: differing polarizations of photons coming to the beamsplitter and delay time of photons in one of two channels. For the latter we use the concepts of biphoton frequency and temporal wave functions depending, correspondingly, on two frequency continuous variables of photons and on two time variables t 1 and t 2 interpreted as the arrival times of photons to the beamsplitter. Explicit expressions are found for the probability densities and total probabilities for photon pairs to be split between two channels after the beamsplitter and to be unsplit, when two photons appear together in one of two channels.

  14. Sartre, en l’année de son centenaire : mauvais maître ou boussole éthique ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annie Cohen-Solal

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available En France, peu de centenaires ont fait l’objet, comme celui de Sartre en 2005, d’une aussi négative unanimité. Hormis Les Temps Modernes et Libération (dont il fut le fondateur, pratiquement toute la presse colporta les mêmes clichés, en le stigmatisant en mauvais maître, en penseur démodé ou encore en imposteur. Le magazine L’Histoire reprit de vieilles insinuations, sans fondement scientifique, sur les occupations du philosophe pendant l’occupation nazie. Le Nouvel Observateur poursuivit la salve, avec le titre accrocheur de « Faut‐il brûler Sartre ? »

  15. Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Gédéon

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans Asie du Sud-Est : enjeu régional ou enjeu mondial ?, Hugues Tertrais se livre à une analyse précise de la situation en Asie du sud-est au regard de la crise économique qui a secoué cette région du monde en 1997 et de ses conséquences. Soulignant la fragmentation de cet espace politique, caractérisé par sa très grande diversité culturelle et linguistique, l’auteur rappelle qu’il s’est édifié sur l’ancienne ligne de fracture entre monde chinois et puissances européennes, tout d’abord, puis...

  16. Motta Coqueiro ou a pena de morte: uma trama entre a memória social e a literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Teixeira de Souza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Motta Coqueiro ou a pena de morte, escrito em 1877, por José do Patrocínio, rememora o caso real do último enforcamento no Brasil, o do fazendeiro Motta Coqueiro, suposto mandante de um violento crime ocorrido no norte fluminense em 1852, controverso até a presente data, contra uma família de agregados, que vivia nas terras do citado fazendeiro. Porém, não restrito ao evento trágico, o romancista leva perspicazmente o leitor para uma narrativa, que ressalta o drama dos negros, dos agregados e do fazendeiro na estrutura colonial; que desnuda os critérios de cor e classe social no Brasil colônia; que evidencia o papel da Memória como uma ferramenta manipulável, ativa e estratégica nas relações sociais.

  17. « Comme des esclaves », ou les avatars de l’esclavage métaphorique

    OpenAIRE

    Morice, Alain

    2005-01-01

    Génériquement nommées, selon les institutions et les auteurs, « travail forcé » ou « esclavage (moderne) », voire « traite des êtres humains », certaines formes contemporaines de sujétion continuent d’être qualifiées en référence aux formes historiques de l’esclavage grec, africain et américain. Correspondant à une définition extensive et morphologique, l’esclavage métaphorique ainsi repensé range pêle-mêle un ensemble hétéroclite de rapports d’oppression et de mise au travail basés sur la co...

  18. Actualité de Capitalisme, socialisme et démocratie ou la dure survie du capitalisme selon Schumpeter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorval Brunelle

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Peut-on encore lire Capitalisme, socialisme et démocratie de l’économiste autrichien Joseph Alois Schumpeter soixante-dix années après sa première publication en 1942 ou soixante-deux ans après la mort de l’auteur en 1950? Il faut croire que oui puisque l’ouvrage en question est demeuré disponible tout au long de ces années et que son éditeur français Payot a même cru bon d’en rééditer un long extrait en 2011 sous le titre pour le moins accrocheur Le capitalisme peut-il survivre? un titre qui...

  19. De l'injure en pays maure ou « qui ne loue pas critique »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Taine-Cheikh

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Catherine Taine-Cheikh, qui s'intéresse au phénomène de l'injure dans la société arabophone de Mauritanie, commence par étudier les différents termes du dialecte hassâniyya qui relèvent de ce champ sémantique. Elle s'attache ensuite à montrer l'importance et la complexité de l'« effet injure », dans cette société fortement imprégnée par les valeurs de l'honneur où non seulement la critique mais aussi la louange peuvent apparaître comme des manifestations de l'injure. Passant en revue diverses situations empruntées à la vie quotidienne ou puisées dans des matériaux littéraires (écrits et surtout oraux, l'auteur relève diverses stratégies adoptées, soit par les injurieurs, soit par les injuriaires, pour tenter de maîtriser les effets des mots (ou gestes « déplacés ». Bien que le problème du contrôle de soi semble presque toujours primordial, la gestion de l'injure laisse apparaître une différenciation importante en fonction du sexe et du statut relatif des acteurs sociaux concernés.

  20. Contribution to the study of pollution of soil and water in Oued El Maleh area (Mohammedia, Morocco)

    Science.gov (United States)

    El hajjaji, Souad; Dahchour, Abdelmalek; Belhsaien, Kamal; Zouahri, Abdelmjid; Moussadek, Rachid; Douaik, Ahmed

    2016-04-01

    In Morocco, diffuse ground and surface water pollution in irrigated areas has caused an increase in the risk of water and soil quality deterioration. This has generated a health and environmental risks. The present study was carried out in the Oued El Maleh region located 65 Km to the south of Rabat on the Moroccan Atlantic coast. It covers a surface area of 310 km2 where agriculture constitutes the main activity of the population. This region is considered as a very important agricultural area, known nationally for its high potential for market gardening. This intensification has been accompanied by an excessive use of agrochemical inputs and poor control of irrigation and drainage. Consequently, salinization phenomena and deterioration of soil structure as well as water are about to create an alarming situation. In order to assess the state of pollution of waters and soil in the region, our study focuses on the determination of physicochemical parameters for the quality of water and soil. The obtained results from sampled wells and surface water show relatively higher values of nitrate and conductivity exceeding Moroccan national standards and revealing net degradation of water quality; therefore the water can be considered not suitable for human consumption and can induce a degradation of soil. The results of the studied soil show that the pH of these soils is weakly to moderately basic; they are usually non-saline with organic matter content moderately filled. Moreover, very high concentrations of nutrients (potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen) were recorded, highlighting poor management fertilizing vegetable crops in the region of Oued El Maleh.

  1. Fansites ou o "consumo da experiência" na mídia contemporânea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Graziela Gomes

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta resultados de uma pesquisa que pretendeu investigar uma faceta do consumo de mídia contemporâneo, especialmente associado ao uso da tecnologia digital. Para a realização da investigação, escolhi investigar e observar fansites de séries norte-americanas de TV, criados e administrados por fãs brasileiros para discutirem suas séries preferidas, divulgarem-nas, produzirem e trocarem entre si suas fanarts: fanfics, fanvideos, icons ou avatares, banners ou assinaturas e wallpapers. O resultado dessa investigação e observação participante demonstrou que, além de jovens, os participantes desses fansites vêm promovendo mudanças significativas no consumo de mídia. Em 2006, o confronto entre a Polícia Federal, a Associação de Defesa da Propriedade Intelectual (Adepi e o fórum Lost Brasil deixou evidente que esses jovens estavam dispostos a mudar os paradigmas de transmissão televisual no Brasil.This article presents some results of a research about an aspect of contemporary media consumption, especially associated to the use of digital technology. In this investigation were chosen Americans TV drama shows fansites, created and managed by Brazilians fans to discuss and diffuse their dearest shows, produce, show and change their fanarts: fanfics, fanvideos, icons, avatars, banners and wallpapers. The results of the investigation showed that this young people who take part in these fansites are promoting significant changes in media consumption. In 2006 the confrontation between Federal Police, ADEPI and Lost Brasil forum made clear that these fans are prepared to change the standards of TV transmission in Brazil.

  2. Significance of mental health legislation for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health services: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Getinet Ayano

    2018-03-01

    Conclusion: Mental health legislation plays a crucial role in community integration of persons with mental disorders, integration of mental health at primary health care, the provision of care of high quality and the improvement of access to care at community level. It is vital and essential to have MHL for every country.

  3. Stigma and Mental Illness: Investigating Attitudes of Mental Health and Non-Mental-Health Professionals and Trainees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Allison L.; Cashwell, Craig S.

    2010-01-01

    The authors explored attitudes toward adults with mental illness. Results suggest that mental health trainees and professionals had less stigmatizing attitudes than did non-mental-health trainees and professionals. Professionals receiving supervision had higher mean scores on the Benevolence subscale than did professionals who were not receiving…

  4. Media and Mental Health in Uganda

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mental health and the guiding factors for wider media coverage of mental health issues in .... involvement could make a bigger impact in society. Some of the .... Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 1998;8(3):213-28.

  5. Mental health, intimate partner violence and HIV

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conceptual framework linking mental health to HIV and IPV. This open access article is distributed under. Creative Commons licence ... mental disorders compromise quality of life and functional outcomes in HIV-positive individuals.

  6. Developing Mental Health Peer Counselling Services for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: There is a wide spectrum of mental health/behavioural problems ... Less than half of those found to be affected by mental illness are opportune to receive ... training module and immediately thereafter had a knowledge post-test.

  7. Mental Health: What's Normal, What's Not?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy Lifestyle Adult health Understanding what's considered normal mental health can be tricky. See how feelings, thoughts and behaviors determine mental health and how to recognize if you or a ...

  8. Mental Health Services in Southern Sudan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Siegal_D

    Editorial: Mental Health Services in Southern Sudan – a. Vision for the Future. Major mental illness exists all over the world with a remarkably .... minus one or both parents. ... There he taught and inspired child health professionals from all over.

  9. Mental Illness in Children: Know the Signs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... how you can help. By Mayo Clinic Staff Mental illness in children can be hard for parents to ... help they need. Understand the warning signs of mental illness in children and how you can help your ...

  10. Mental disorders, brain disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . Amongst DSM's most vocal 'insider' critics has been Thomas Insel, Director of the US National Institute of Mental Health. Insel has publicly criticised DSM's adherence to a symptom-based classification of mental disorder, and used the weight ...

  11. Boletín Salud Mental

    OpenAIRE

    anonymous

    2011-01-01

    Boletín informativo de los profesionales de la Red de Salud Mental del Servicio de Salud del Principado de Asturias Newsletter for professionals in the mental health network Asturias Servicio de Salud del Principado de Asturias

  12. Problemas de saúde mental e tabagismo em adolescentes do sul do Brasil Problemas de salud mental y tabaquismo en adolescentes del sur de Brasil Mental health problems and smoking among adolescents from Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M B Menezes

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a associação entre problemas de saúde mental e uso de tabaco em adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 4.325 adolescentes de 15 anos da coorte de nascimentos de 1993 da cidade de Pelotas, RS. Tabagismo foi definido como fumar um ou mais cigarros nos últimos 30 dias. Saúde mental foi avaliada de acordo com o escore total do questionário Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire e escore maior ou igual a 20 pontos foi considerado como positivo. Os dados foram analisados por regressão de Poisson, com ajuste robusto para variância. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de tabagismo foi 6,0% e cerca de 30% dos adolescentes apresentaram algum tipo de problema de saúde mental. Na análise bruta, a razão de prevalências para tabagismo foi de 3,3 (IC95% 2,5; 4,2. Após ajuste (para sexo, idade, cor da pele, renda familiar, escolaridade da mãe, grupo de amigos fumantes, trabalho no último ano, repetência escolar, atividade física de lazer e uso experimental de bebida alcoólica, diminuiu para 1,7 (IC95% 1,2; 2,3 entre aqueles com problemas de saúde mental. CONCLUSÕES: Problemas de saúde mental na adolescência podem ter relação com o consumo de tabaco.OBJETIVO: Analizar la asociación entre problemas de salud mental y uso de cigarro en adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Se analizaron 4.325 adolescentes de 15 años de la cohorte de nacimientos de 1993 de la ciudad de Pelotas, Sur de Brasil. Tabaquismo fue definido como fumar uno o más cigarros en los últimos 30 días. Salud mental fue evaluada de acuerdo con el escore total del cuestionario Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire y escore mayor o igual a 20 puntos fue considerado como positivo. Los datos fueron analizados por regresión de Poisson, con ajuste robusto para varianza. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de tabaquismo fue 6,0% y cerca de 30% de los adolescentes presentaron algún tipo de problema de salud mental. En el análisis bruto, la tasa de prevalencias de problema de

  13. Mental Health and the Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Henry C.

    1982-01-01

    Briefly reviews historical development of mental health and the law as a multidisciplinary field and considers variety of information seekers addressing certain topics of special importance. Pertinent information sources and services are outlined. Fifteen references and a recommended core library for fellowship programs in forensic psychiatry are…

  14. Media, Mental Imagery, and Memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Robert L.

    1978-01-01

    Thirty-two students at the University of Oregon were tested to determine the effects of media on mental imagery and memory. The model incorporates a dual coding hypothesis, and five single and multiple channel treatments were used. (Author/JEG)

  15. Early determinants of mental health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Räikkönen, Katri; Pesonen, Anu-Katriina; Roseboom, Tessa J.; Eriksson, Johan G.

    2012-01-01

    Environmental adversities in pre- and early postnatal life may have life-long consequences. Based upon a series of epidemiological and clinical studies and natural experiments, this review describes how the early life environment may affect psychological functions and mental disorders later in life.

  16. Causal Reasoning with Mental Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-08

    The initial rubric is equivalent to an exclusive disjunction between the two causal assertions. It 488 yields the following two mental models: 489...are 575 important, whereas the functions of artifacts are important (Ahn, 1998). A genetic code is 576 accordingly more critical to being a goat than

  17. Vestibulosympathetic reflex during mental stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Jason R.; Ray, Chester A.; Cooke, William H.

    2002-01-01

    Increases in sympathetic neural activity occur independently with either vestibular or mental stimulation, but it is unknown whether sympathetic activation is additive or inhibitive when both stressors are combined. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the combined effects of vestibular and mental stimulation on sympathetic neural activation and arterial pressure in humans. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), arterial pressure, and heart rate were recorded in 10 healthy volunteers in the prone position during 1) head-down rotation (HDR), 2) mental stress (MS; using arithmetic), and 3) combined HDR and MS. HDR significantly (P < 0.05) increased MSNA (9 +/- 2 to 13 +/- 2 bursts/min). MS significantly increased MSNA (8 +/- 2 to 13 +/- 2 bursts/min) and mean arterial pressure (87 +/- 2 to 101 +/- 2 mmHg). Combined HDR and MS significantly increased MSNA (9 +/- 1 to 16 +/- 2 bursts/min) and mean arterial pressure (89 +/- 2 to 100 +/- 3 mmHg). Increases in MSNA (7 +/- 1 bursts/min) during the combination trial were not different from the algebraic sum of each trial performed alone (8 +/- 2 bursts/min). We conclude that the interaction for MSNA and arterial pressure is additive during combined vestibular and mental stimulation. Therefore, vestibular- and stress-mediated increases of MSNA appear to occur independently in humans.

  18. Priming the Mental Time Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Bono, Maria Grazia; Casarotti, Marco; Priftis, Konstantinos; Gava, Lucia; Umilta, Carlo; Zorzi, Marco

    2012-01-01

    Growing experimental evidence suggests that temporal events are represented on a mental time line, spatially oriented from left to right. Support for the spatial representation of time comes mostly from studies that have used spatially organized responses. Moreover, many of these studies did not avoid possible confounds attributable to target…

  19. Pachyonychia Congenita and Mental Deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V Ramesh

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Pachyonychia congenital was seen in two different families. In one family the disease was present in only one child, while in the other family the disease was traceable in 5 generations involving 36 members. One individual had associated mental retardation.

  20. Mental map and spatial thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanzella Castellar, Sonia Maria; Cristiane Strina Juliasz, Paula

    2018-05-01

    The spatial thinking is a central concept in our researches at the Faculty of Education of University of São Paulo (FE-USP). The cartography is fundamental to this kind of thinking, because it contributes to the development of the representation of space. The spatial representations are the drawings - mental maps - maps, chart, aerial photos, satellite images, graphics and diagrams. To think spatially - including the contents and concepts geographical and their representations - also corresponds to reason, defined by the skills the individual develops to understand the structure, function of a space, and describe your organization and relation to other spaces. The aim of this paper is to analyze the role of mental maps in the development of concepts of city and landscape - structuring concepts for school geography. The purpose is to analyze how students in Geography and Pedagogy - future teachers - and young children in Early Childhood Education think, feel, and appropriate these concepts. The analys is indicates the importance of developing mental map in activities with pedagogy and geography graduate student to know that students at school can be producers of maps. Cartography is a language and allows the student to develop the spatial and temporal relationships and notions such as orientation, distance and location, learning the concepts of geographical science. Mental maps present the basic features of the location such as the conditions - the features verified in one place - and the connections that is to understand how this place connects to other places.

  1. Genetic Counseling in Mental Retardation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Peter

    The task of the genetic counselor who identifies genetic causes of mental retardation and assists families to understand risk of recurrence is described. Considered are chromosomal genetic disorders such as Down's syndrome, inherited disorders such as Tay-Sachs disease, identification by testing the amniotic fluid cells (amniocentresis) in time…

  2. Social inclusion and mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cobigo, Virginie; Stuart, Heather

    2010-09-01

    Recent research on approaches to improving social inclusion for people with mental disabilities is reviewed. We describe four approaches (or tools) that can be used to improve social inclusion for people with mental disabilities: legislation, community-based supports and services, antistigma/antidiscrimination initiatives, and system monitoring and evaluation. While legislative solutions are the most prevalent, and provide an important framework to support social inclusion, research shows that their full implementation remains problematic. Community-based supports and services that are person-centered and recovery-oriented hold considerable promise, but they are not widely available nor have they been widely evaluated. Antistigma and antidiscrimination strategies are gaining in popularity and offer important avenues for eliminating social barriers and promoting adequate and equitable access to care. Finally, in the context of the current human rights and evidence-based health paradigms, systematic evidence will be needed to support efforts to promote social inclusion for people with mental disabilities, highlight social inequities, and develop best practice approaches. Tools that promote social inclusion of persons with mental disabilities are available, though not yet implemented in a way to fully realize the goals of current disability discourse.

  3. Mental health in mass gatherings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahbaz Ali Khan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hajj pilgrimage, in Saudi Arabia, is one of the world's largest religious mass gatherings. We have similar mass gathering scenarios in India such as the Amarnath Yatra and Kumbh. A unique combination of physical, physiological, and psychological factors makes this pilgrimage a very stressful milieu. We studied the emergence of psychopathology and its determinants, in this adverse environment in mass gathering situation, in Indian pilgrims on Hajj 2016. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive study analyzing the mental morbidity in 1.36 lakh Indian pilgrims during Hajj 2016, using SPSS software version 19. Results: Totally 182 patients reported psychological problems. Twenty-two patients (12% required admission. Twelve (6.8% pilgrims reported a past history of a mental illness. One hundred and sixty-five (93.2% patients never had any mental symptoms earlier in life. The most common illnesses seen were stress related (45.7% followed by psychosis (9.8%, insomnia (7.3%, and mood disorders (5.6%. The most common symptoms recorded were apprehension (45%, sleep (55%, anxiety (41%, and fear of being lost (27%. Psychotropics were prescribed for 46% of pilgrims. All patients completed their Hajj successfully and returned to India. Conclusions: Cumulative stress causes full spectrum of mental decompensation, and prompt healing is aided by simple nonpharmacological measures including social support and counseling in compatible sociolinguistic milieu.

  4. Epilepsy and Comorbid Mental Retardation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Preventable and unpreventable causes of childhood-onset epilepsy associated with mental retardation were determined in 692 patients with epilepsy onset between 1977 and 1985 in a Nova Scotia population-based cohort studied in the Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.

  5. Mental Retardation: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poser, Charles M., Ed.

    A collection of writings by 17 authors, the text includes the following discussions: general principles of diagnosis and management of mental retardation, neurologic evaluation of the infant and child, psychological evaluation, educational information, and treatment of pseudoretardation, communicative disorders, and metabolic and endocrine causes.…

  6. Mental health in mass gatherings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Shahbaz Ali; Chauhan, V. S.; Timothy, A.; Kalpana, S.; Khanam, Shagufta

    2016-01-01

    Background: Hajj pilgrimage, in Saudi Arabia, is one of the world's largest religious mass gatherings. We have similar mass gathering scenarios in India such as the Amarnath Yatra and Kumbh. A unique combination of physical, physiological, and psychological factors makes this pilgrimage a very stressful milieu. We studied the emergence of psychopathology and its determinants, in this adverse environment in mass gathering situation, in Indian pilgrims on Hajj 2016. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive study analyzing the mental morbidity in 1.36 lakh Indian pilgrims during Hajj 2016, using SPSS software version 19. Results: Totally 182 patients reported psychological problems. Twenty-two patients (12%) required admission. Twelve (6.8%) pilgrims reported a past history of a mental illness. One hundred and sixty-five (93.2%) patients never had any mental symptoms earlier in life. The most common illnesses seen were stress related (45.7%) followed by psychosis (9.8%), insomnia (7.3%), and mood disorders (5.6%). The most common symptoms recorded were apprehension (45%), sleep (55%), anxiety (41%), and fear of being lost (27%). Psychotropics were prescribed for 46% of pilgrims. All patients completed their Hajj successfully and returned to India. Conclusions: Cumulative stress causes full spectrum of mental decompensation, and prompt healing is aided by simple nonpharmacological measures including social support and counseling in compatible sociolinguistic milieu. PMID:28659703

  7. mental health.pm6

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    QuickSilver

    2003-05-08

    May 8, 2003 ... grated approach to mental health care provision and the safety of the public. .... In the case of an application for assisted care the practitioners must establish whether ..... people be found to work on Review Boards? Consider ...

  8. DocSaludMental en netvibes

    OpenAIRE

    Onís, Ricardo

    2011-01-01

    DocSaludMental es un escritorio virtual que, a partir de la plataforma netvibes, permite el acceso a información especializada y actualizada mediante la sindicación de contenidos a todos los profesionales de la red de salud mental en el Principado de Asturias DocSaludMental is a virtual desktop that allows access to expert information and updated from content syndication to all professionals in the mental health network in the Principality of Asturias

  9. Perceived barriers on mental health services by the family of patients with mental illness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rr Dian Tristiana

    2018-01-01

    Conclusion: Families whose members suffered from mental illness still experienced barriers in relation to mental health services even with universal health coverage. Improved mental health services are related to the health insurance coverage, affordability, availability of mental health services and stigma reduction in the health professionals and wide community.

  10. Mental Health Service Delivery Systems and Perceived Qualifications of Mental Health Service Providers in School Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Decia Nicole

    2009-01-01

    Latest research on the mental health status of children indicates that schools are key providers of mental health services (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2003). The push for school mental health services has only increased as stakeholders have begun to recognize the significance of sound mental health as an essential part of…

  11. States Pass Diverse Slate of Mental Health Legislation in 2013. Mental Health: 2013 Legislative Session

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomsen, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    Recent violence in schools and on college campuses has brought into sharp focus the need to address mental health issues in educational settings. Getting students with mental health problems the help they need, without stigmatizing mental illness, may help prevent future tragedies. Children with mental health problems face a host of challenges,…

  12. Undergraduate Nursing Students' Attitudes toward Mental Illness and Mental Health Nursing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konzelman, Lois

    2017-01-01

    Historically, nurses have lacked recognition for the work they do, especially in the area of mental health. There is a shortage of qualified mental health nurses to meet the demand for services. Many rural areas in the United States have few or no mental health services to offer communities. Encouraging positive attitudes toward mental health…

  13. Integrating mental health into primary care: a global perspective

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Funk, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    ... for mental disorders is enormous 4. Primary care for mental health enhances access 5. Primary care for mental health promotes respect of human rights 6. Primary care for mental health is affordab...

  14. Quick Guide: Mental Health-Secondary Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Technical Assistance Center on Transition, 2016

    2016-01-01

    Recently researchers have begun focusing on young adults with mental health disorders transitioning into adulthood. Research exploring the importance of mental health support in secondary transition have yielded positive outcomes. For example, strong collaboration between educational and mental health agencies ensuring academic, employment, and…

  15. Orthognathic surgery for mentally retarded patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Becking, A. G.; Tuinzing, D. B.

    1991-01-01

    The surgical treatment of mentally retarded children for esthetic reasons is discussed. In mentally retarded adults a facial deformity can give rise to functional problems; in some cases a facial deformity can stigmatize the mental state. In selected cases orthognathic surgery may offer a solution

  16. WYOMING MENTAL ABILITY SURVEY, 1957-58.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LINFORD, VELMA

    A STATEWIDE PROGRAM WAS INITIATED IN WYOMING FOR THE PURPOSES OF DISCOVERING THE EXTENT OF MENTAL RETARDATION AMONG ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY STUDENTS IN THE STATE, DETERMINING WHERE THE MENTALLY RETARDED ARE FOUND, AND PLANNING AN EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM FOR THEM. GROUP MENTAL TESTS WERE APPLIED TO 67,620 CHILDREN WHICH REPRESENTED 91.8 PERCENT OF THE…

  17. Cannabis Use and Mental Health Problems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ours, J.C.; Williams, J.

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates whether cannabis use leads to worse mental health. To do so, we account for common unobserved factors affecting mental health and cannabis consumption by modeling mental health jointly with the dynamics of cannabis use. Our main finding is that using cannabis increases the

  18. People with Mental Retardation Are Dying, Legally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keyes, Denis; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Criticizes the institution of the death penalty for convicted criminals with mental retardation. Examples are given of cases in which juries were not told of the defendant's mental retardation before sentencing, and a list of defendants with mental retardation that have been executed since 1976 is provided. (CR)

  19. Effects of Mental Health on Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanderLind, Ren

    2017-01-01

    Learning can be hindered by students' mental health. Given the increased reports of mental health concerns among college students, it is imperative that we understand how best to provide supports to this population to help them learn and succeed. This is particularly significant given the body of research that demonstrates how mental illness may…

  20. Mental Fatigue Affects Visual Selective Attention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faber, Leon G.; Maurits, Natasha M.; Lorist, Monicque M.

    2012-01-01

    Mental fatigue is a form of fatigue, induced by continuous task performance. Mentally fatigued people often report having a hard time keeping their attention focussed and being easily distracted. In this study, we examined the relation between mental fatigue, as induced by time on task, and

  1. Positive mental health: is there a cross-cultural definition?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaillant, George E

    2012-06-01

    SEVEN MODELS FOR CONCEPTUALIZING POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH ARE REVIEWED: mental health as above normal, epitomized by a DSM-IV's Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score of over 80; mental health as the presence of multiple human strengths rather than the absence of weaknesses; mental health conceptualized as maturity; mental health as the dominance of positive emotions; mental health as high socio-emotional intelligence; mental health as subjective well-being; mental health as resilience. Safeguards for the study of mental health are suggested, including the need to define mental health in terms that are culturally sensitive and inclusive, and the need to empirically and longitudinally validate criteria for mental health.

  2. Les oasis de l'Oued Noun : dégradation du milieu naturel et perspectives de développement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EL MAHJOUB CHMOURK

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The oases of Oued Noun: degradation of the natural environment and perspectives of development. An oasis is considered as a vital space and a fundamental natural resource in the Oued Noun area. Irrigation water scarcity, desertification, terminal illnesses of different civilizations, space division and tininess of farms are all natural and economic constraints providing the oasis area from growing and developing. Officials have to be aware of those constraints and they need to urgently recommend solutions in the process of updating the local territory and in its potentialities valorisation.

  3. Utilização Potencial do Lenho de Acacia melanoxylon: a Crescer em Povoamentos Puros ou Mistos com Pinus pinaster - pela Indústria Florestal Portuguesa

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, António; Teixeira, Andreia; Anjos, Ofélia; Simões, Rogério; Nunes, Lina; Machado, José S.; Tavares, Mário

    2007-01-01

    A Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. (acácia-austrália ou austrália) cresce bem em Portugal, em povoamentos puros ou mistos com Pinus pinaster Aiton, ainda que apresente fortes constrangimentos ecológicos e legais. Apesar de algumas dificuldades, por exemplo na secagem, a madeira de austrália é usada em mobiliário e produtos manufacturados devido, principalmente, à sua textura e cor escura. Pode também ser usada para pasta, sendo plantada em muitos países com esse propósito juntamente com Acacia mangi...

  4. Contradictions In Mental Health: Stigma, Mental Health Literacy And Disclosure (Or Not Of A Mental Disorder Diagnosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    manuel torres cubeiro

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Mental illnesses affect 25% of any given population. The literacy of human population about mental health doesn’t not much the scientific knowledge available about Mental disorders (MDs. Developed countries invest in mental health less than their 9% of their GDPs. There is a contradiction, or discrepancy, between the incidence of MD in human population and how human societies react about them. This discrepancy has long been evident in the literature of medical sociology. In this article we analyze three medical sociology related concepts that have been coined to understand this contradiction: first, mental health literacy; second, stigma of mental ailments; and finally, the disclosure (or not of the diagnosis of a mental illness. With this article we try to solve short use of these concepts in medical sociology in Spanish.

  5. Mental Health Insurance Parity and Provider Wages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golberstein, Ezra; Busch, Susan H

    2017-06-01

    Policymakers frequently mandate that employers or insurers provide insurance benefits deemed to be critical to individuals' well-being. However, in the presence of private market imperfections, mandates that increase demand for a service can lead to price increases for that service, without necessarily affecting the quantity being supplied. We test this idea empirically by looking at mental health parity mandates. This study evaluated whether implementation of parity laws was associated with changes in mental health provider wages. Quasi-experimental analysis of average wages by state and year for six mental health care-related occupations were considered: Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists; Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors; Marriage and Family Therapists; Mental Health Counselors; Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers; and Psychiatrists. Data from 1999-2013 were used to estimate the association between the implementation of state mental health parity laws and the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act and average mental health provider wages. Mental health parity laws were associated with a significant increase in mental health care provider wages controlling for changes in mental health provider wages in states not exposed to parity (3.5 percent [95% CI: 0.3%, 6.6%]; pwages. Health insurance benefit expansions may lead to increased prices for health services when the private market that supplies the service is imperfect or constrained. In the context of mental health parity, this work suggests that part of the value of expanding insurance benefits for mental health coverage was captured by providers. Given historically low wage levels of mental health providers, this increase may be a first step in bringing mental health provider wages in line with parallel health professions, potentially reducing turnover rates and improving treatment quality.

  6. The promotion of mental health and the prevention of mental health problems in child and adolescent

    OpenAIRE

    sunmi cho; yunmi shin

    2013-01-01

    Improving mental health and reducing the burden of mental illness are complementary strategies which, along with the treatment and rehabilitation of people with mental disorders, significantly improve population health and well-being. A Institute of Medicine report describes a range of interventions for mental disorders that included treatment and maintenance, reserving the term “prevention” for efforts that occur before onset of a diagnosable disorder. Mental health problems affect 10&am...

  7. Generational attitudes of rural mental health nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowther, Andrew; Kemp, Michael

    2009-04-01

    To determine how attitudes of rural mental health nurses differ across generations. Survey. Mental health services in rural New South Wales. Practising mental health nurses. Survey responses. Survey response rate 44%. A total of 89 mental health nurses, clustered in inpatient units and community health centres, responded. Of these nurses, 4 were veterans, 52 baby boomers, 17 Generation X and 5 Generation Y. There are significant differences in how mental health nurses from different generations view their work, and in what is expected from managers. Managers need to modify traditional working styles, allowing greater flexibility of employment. They must also accept lower staff retention rates, and facilitate the development of younger staff.

  8. Rural mental health: neither romanticism nor despair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wainer, J; Chesters, J

    2000-06-01

    This paper explores the relationship between rural places and mental health. It begins with a definition of mental health and an outline of the data that have led to the current concern with promoting positive mental health. We then consider aspects of rural life and place that contribute to positive mental health or increase the likelihood of mental health problems. Issues identified include environment, place, gender identity, violence and dispossession and the influence of the effects of structural changes in rural communities. The paper concludes with a discussion of some of the determinants of resilience in rural places, including social connectedness, valuing diversity and economic participation.

  9. Mental health among students of pedagogical universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malinauskas R.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with questions of mental health among students of pedagogical universities. There were analysed differences in the level of mental health among sporting and non-sporting students. Two methods were used in the inquiry. Stepanov's questionnaire was used to estimate the level of mental health, Gundarov's questionnaire was used to evaluate psychical satisfaction. The sample consisted of 263 sporting students (athletes and 288 non-sporting students. Results have shown that the level of mental health among sporting students was higher than the level of mental health among non-sporting students.

  10. The Role of Empathy in Mental Attribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brunsteins, Patricia

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This work examines in what extent a notion of empathy may clarify mindreading’s debate. Taking into account an interdisciplinary and integrative notion of empathy, compatibility with mental attribution strategies both mental simulation and theory-theory, in non pure versions, is evaluated. Firstly, new empirical research is supposed to contribute strengthening an integrative empathy instead of theory-theory or mental simulation `s points of view. Secondly, new empirical research will bring better tools to distinguish between empathy and simulation. Consequently, the relationship between empathy and mental attribution theories may be better delimited and a full mental attribution theory may possibly be proposed.

  11. Cultural Variation in Implicit Mental Illness Stigma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheon, Bobby K; Chiao, Joan Y

    2012-10-01

    Culture shapes how individuals perceive and respond to others with mental illness. Prior studies have suggested that Asians and Asian Americans typically endorse greater stigma of mental illness compared to Westerners (White Europeans and Americans). However, whether these differences in stigma arise from cultural variations in automatic affective reactions or deliberative concerns of the appropriateness of one's reactions to mental illness remains unknown. Here we compared implicit and explicit attitudes toward mental illness among Asian and Caucasian Americans. Asian Americans showed stronger negative implicit attitudes toward mental illness relative to Caucasian Americans, suggesting that cultural variation in stigma of mental illness can be observed even when concerns regarding the validity and appropriateness of one's attitudes toward mental illness are minimized. Asian Americans also explicitly endorsed greater desire for social distance from mental illness relative to Caucasian Americans. These findings suggest that cultural variations in mental illness stigma may arise from cultural differences in automatic reactions to mental illness, though cultural variations in deliberative processing may further shape differences in these immediate reactions to mental illness.

  12. Public perception of mental health in Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Hasoon Saad

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background People who suffer from mental illness, the professionals who treat them, and indeed the actual concept of mental illness are all stigmatised in public perception and often receive very negative publicity. This paper looks at Iraq, which has a population of 30 million who are mainly Moslem. Mental health services and professionals have historically been sparse in Iraq with 1 psychiatrist per 300,000 before 2003 falling to 1 per million until recently and 1 primary care centre (40 Healthcare Workers including 4 General Practitioners to 35,000 population, compared with 1 GP per 1700 population in the UK. Methods We aimed to assess public attitudes and perceptions to mental illness. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire (additional file 1, which was designed specifically for Iraqi contexts and was made available in 2 languages. The survey was carried out in 500 participants' homes across 2 districts of Baghdad. Additional file 1 Public Perception of Mental Illness Questionnaire. Click here for file Results The response rate of the survey was 86.4%. The paper shows respondents views on the aetiology of mental illness, perceptions of people with mental illness and attitudes towards care and treatment of people with mental illness. Conclusions This survey of public attitudes towards mental illness in Iraq has shown that community opinion about the aetiology of mental illness is broadly compatible with scientific evidence, but understanding of the nature of mental illness, its implications for social participation and management remains negative in general.

  13. Mental illness among journalists: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoki, Yuta; Malcolm, Estelle; Yamaguchi, Sosei; Thornicroft, Graham; Henderson, Claire

    2013-06-01

    Mass media depictions of people with mental illness have a strong influence on public attitudes, to the extent that changes in these depictions can reduce public stigmatization of people with such illness. Journalists' mental health may influence their depiction of those with mental illness, but little is known about this. To investigate mental illness among journalists in five key areas: (1) journalists' mental health status; (2) journalists' personal attitudes towards mental illness; (3) attitudes and support journalists expect or have experienced from colleagues when they have a mental health problem; (4) effect of journalism's professional culture on the course of mental illness; and (5) effect of journalism's professional culture on mass media depictions of people with mental illness. We performed a systematic screening of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library regarding the study aims. We identified 19, 12, seven and four studies for aims 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. No articles were found for aim 5. The prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among journalists is higher than that among the general population. Journalists have positive personal attitudes towards mental illness, but there are perceived workplace disincentives to disclose mental health problems.

  14. Mental health triage in emergency medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, D; Pollard, C; Walpole, B

    1999-02-01

    The aim of this study was to: (i) develop a triage scale consistent with the National Triage Scale (NTS) for patients with mental health problems attending emergency departments; and (ii) to reduce emergency waiting times, transit times and improve skills assessing mental health problems. We developed a Mental Health Triage Scale (MHTS) consistent with the NTS. The MHTS was then implemented using a structured education package, and evaluated from March to August 1994. Further evaluation occurred after 2 years. A four-tiered MHTS was produced: category 2, violent, aggressive or suicidal, danger to self or others or with police escort; category 3, very distressed or psychotic, likely to deteriorate, situational crisis, danger to self or others; category 4, long-standing semi-urgent mental health disorder, supporting agency present; and category 5, long-standing non-acute mental health disorder, no support agency present. Patients with illness, injury or self-harm were triaged using combined mental health and medical information. Mean emergency waiting times and transit times were reduced. More consistent triaging for mental health patients occurred, and more consistent admission rates by urgency. Reduced mental health 'did not waits' showed improved customer satisfaction. Mental Health Triage Scale was considered appropriate by liaison psychiatry and its use has continued at 2 years follow-up. A systematic approach to mental health triaging produced a workable scale, reduced waiting times, transit times, and provided effective and consistent integration of mental health patients into a general emergency department.

  15. What does self rated mental health represent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daphna Levinson

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Unlike the widely used self rated health, the self rated mental health was found unsuitable as a proxy for mental illness. This paper analyses the relationships between the self ratings of physical health, mental health and overall health, and their association of with the objective indicators for physical and mental health. Design and methods. The study is a secondary analysis of data from a nationwide representative sample of the non-institutionalized adult residents of Israel in 2003 that was collected via computer-assisted personal interview methods [n=4859].Results. The self rated physical health and the self rated mental health were strongly related to each other yet the self rated mental health was not related to chronic physical conditions and the self rated physical health was not related to mental disorders. In a multiple logistic regression analysis, those with positive self rated mental health had 93 times the odds of reporting positive overall health whereas those with positive self rated physical health had 40 times the odds of reporting positive overall health. Conclusions. The self rating of mental health presents a qualitatively different dimension from mental illness. The self rated mental health is two times more important than the self rated physical health in predicting the self rated overall health

  16. Legal abortion for mental health indications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, R J; Ortega-Ortiz, A; Romans, S; Ross, L E

    2006-11-01

    Where legal systems allow therapeutic abortion to preserve women's mental health, practitioners often lack access to mental health professionals for making critical diagnoses or prognoses that pregnancy or childcare endangers patients' mental health. Practitioners themselves must then make clinical assessments of the impact on their patients of continued pregnancy or childcare. The law requires only that practitioners make assessments in good faith, and by credible criteria. Mental disorder includes psychological distress or mental suffering due to unwanted pregnancy and responsibility for childcare, or, for instance, anticipated serious fetal impairment. Account should be taken of factors that make patients vulnerable to distress, such as personal or family mental health history, factors that may precipitate mental distress, such as loss of personal relationships, and factors that may maintain distress, such as poor education and marginal social status. Some characteristics of patients may operate as both precipitating and maintaining factors, such as poverty and lack of social support.

  17. Mental health, participation and social identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannsen, Gundi Schrötter; Elstad, Toril

    2017-01-01

    pointed out how people with mental illness protect their identities through consealment in order to avoid stigmatisation. Changes in the organisation of mental health services, from a mainly hospital-based psychiatry towards mental health work in local communities, have highlited issues of participation......, social incluison and integration for people who live with mental health problems. Aiming to support people in daily life, community mental health services that facilitate active participation are encouraged internationally (WHO 2001b, 2005,2013). From these perspectives, we will present our studies from...... a Danish ond Norwegian community mental health service, and relate our findings and the discussion of them to the overall themes of participation, social identity and mental helath....

  18. What characterizes persons with poor mental health?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne Illemann; Davidsen, Michael; Kjøller, Mette

    2014-01-01

    analysed by means of logistic regression models. Results: Men and women with poor mental health are characterized by being single, having a long-term illness, not being able to rely on help from others in case of illness and by feeling that family and friends demand too much of them. Men with poor mental...... health were further characterized by being a heavy smoker, and having a BMI below 25. Women with poor mental health were further characterized by being 16-44 years old and sedentary in leisure time. CONCLUSIONS THE PREVALENCE OF POOR MENTAL HEALTH IS HIGHER AMONG WOMEN THAN MEN, AND DIFFERENT FACTORS...... CHARACTERIZE MEN AND WOMEN WITH POOR MENTAL HEALTH THE PRESENT FINDINGS SUPPORT THE NOTION THAT BOTH SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHICS AND LIFESTYLE FACTORS ARE INDEPENDENTLY RELATED WITH POOR MENTAL HEALTH WE SUGGEST TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ALL THESE AREAS OF LIFE WHEN PLANNING ACTIVITIES TO PREVENT POOR MENTAL HEALTH AND WHEN...

  19. [Distant mental influence on living organisms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonilla, Ernesto

    2013-12-01

    This article reviews studies of distant mental influence on living organisms, including mental suggestions of sleeping and awakening, mental influence at long distances, mental interactions with remote biological systems, mental effects on physiological activity and the sense of being stared at. Significant effects of distant mental influence have been shown in several randomized controlled trials in humans, animals, plants, bacteria and cells in the laboratory. Although distant mental influence on living organisms appears to contradict our ordinary sense of reality and the laws defined by conventional science, several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the observed effects; they include skeptical, signal transfer, field, multidimensional space/time and quantum mechanics hypotheses. In conclusion, as the progress of physics continues to expand our comprehension of reality, a rational explanation for distant mind-matter interaction will emerge and, as history has shown repeatedly, the supernatural events will evolve into paranormal and then, into normal ones, as the scientific frontiers expand.

  20. Causal reasoning with mental models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khemlani, Sangeet S.; Barbey, Aron K.; Johnson-Laird, Philip N.

    2014-01-01

    This paper outlines the model-based theory of causal reasoning. It postulates that the core meanings of causal assertions are deterministic and refer to temporally-ordered sets of possibilities: A causes B to occur means that given A, B occurs, whereas A enables B to occur means that given A, it is possible for B to occur. The paper shows how mental models represent such assertions, and how these models underlie deductive, inductive, and abductive reasoning yielding explanations. It reviews evidence both to corroborate the theory and to account for phenomena sometimes taken to be incompatible with it. Finally, it reviews neuroscience evidence indicating that mental models for causal inference are implemented within lateral prefrontal cortex. PMID:25389398

  1. Causal reasoning with mental models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khemlani, Sangeet S; Barbey, Aron K; Johnson-Laird, Philip N

    2014-01-01

    This paper outlines the model-based theory of causal reasoning. It postulates that the core meanings of causal assertions are deterministic and refer to temporally-ordered sets of possibilities: A causes B to occur means that given A, B occurs, whereas A enables B to occur means that given A, it is possible for B to occur. The paper shows how mental models represent such assertions, and how these models underlie deductive, inductive, and abductive reasoning yielding explanations. It reviews evidence both to corroborate the theory and to account for phenomena sometimes taken to be incompatible with it. Finally, it reviews neuroscience evidence indicating that mental models for causal inference are implemented within lateral prefrontal cortex.

  2. Causal reasoning with mental models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangeet eKhemlani

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines the model-based theory of causal reasoning. It postulates that the core meanings of causal assertions are deterministic and refer to temporally-ordered sets of possibilities: A causes B to occur means that given A, B occurs, whereas A enables B to occur means that given A, it is possible for B to occur. The paper shows how mental models represent such assertions, and how these models underlie deductive, inductive, and abductive reasoning yielding explanations. It reviews evidence both to corroborate the theory and to account for phenomena sometimes taken to be incompatible with it. Finally, it reviews neuroscience evidence indicating that mental models for causal inference are implemented within lateral prefrontal cortex.

  3. Crossing borders via mental bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keil, Dirk

    The project studies cross-border regional integration in Europe drawing on the example of the emerging Danish-German Femern Belt Region. It focuses on cross-border networking within public administration as part of regional integra- tion. My central question is how national-cultural differences...... influence coopera- tion, coordination and collaboration in administrative cross-border networks. In this connection the project asks after the perception of regional integration seen from the different national backgrounds. The research concentrates on the group of decision makers within the field of public...... administration, and in specific on the attempt to initiate and promote cross-border regional integration via the building of mental bridges between Danish and German parts of the Femern Belt Region. Here one of the first projects aiming primarily at building mental bridges in the Femern Belt Region...

  4. Hinduism, marriage and mental illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Indira; Pandit, Balram; Pathak, Abhishek; Sharma, Reet

    2013-01-01

    For Hindus, marriage is a sacrosanct union. It is also an important social institution. Marriages in India are between two families, rather two individuals, arranged marriages and dowry are customary. The society as well as the Indian legislation attempt to protect marriage. Indian society is predominantly patriarchal. There are stringent gender roles, with women having a passive role and husband an active dominating role. Marriage and motherhood are the primary status roles for women. When afflicted mental illness married women are discriminated against married men. In the setting of mental illness many of the social values take their ugly forms in the form of domestic violence, dowry harassment, abuse of dowry law, dowry death, separation, and divorce. Societal norms are powerful and often override the legislative provisions in real life situations.

  5. Promoting Teen Mothers' Mental Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freed, Patricia; SmithBattle, Lee

    2016-01-01

    In this second article in a two-part series, we call for the integration of strengths-based and trauma-informed care into services for teen mothers. Nurses working with teen mothers in health clinics, schools and home visiting programs can play a pivotal role in promoting their mental health. Many teen mothers have high levels of psychological distress and histories of adverse experiences that cannot be ignored, and cannot solely be addressed by referral to mental health services. Nurses must be prepared to assess for trauma and be open to listening to teen mothers' experiences. Principles of strengths-based and trauma-informed care are complementary and can be integrated in clinical services so that teen mothers' distress is addressed and their strengths and aspirations are supported. Potential screening tools, interviewing skills and basic strategies to alleviate teen mothers' distress are discussed.

  6. UM PASSARINHO NA MÃO OU DOIS VOANDO? DILEMAS DO GRUPO CARTEIRO AMIGO ENTRE SE EXPANDIR ORGANICAMENTE NA FAVELA DA ROCINHA OU SE ARRISCAR PARA ALÉM DA ZONA DE CONFORTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Oliveira de Araujo

    Full Text Available RESUMO O presente estudo está situado na Rocinha, a maior favela da América Latina. Durante os primeiros anos da década de 2000, nessa tradicional comunidade carioca, além dos problemas de ordem social e econômica – como trafico de drogas, violência urbana e saneamento básico – seus moradores não eram assistidos com serviços públicos básicos como a entregade correspondências pelos Correios, tanto pela violência, quanto em virtude da ausência de padronização de endereços em suas ruas e vielas. Nesse contexto, três empreendedores observam uma oportunidade e deixam seus empregos para criarem o Grupo Carteiro Amigo (GCA, uma iniciativa que transformou a realidade da comunidade. O artigo apresenta um breve histórico da empresa e, em especial, aborda o dilema do crescimento organizacional, refletindo sobre os desafios e oportunidades de aumentar a base de clientes na Rocinha ou de franquear o negócio para outras favelas do Rio de Janeiro e do Brasil.

  7. Avaliação da buprenorfina pelas vias intravenosa ou intramuscular em cães anestesiados pelo desfluorano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza Almir Pereira de

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar comparativamente os efeitos da buprenorfina, administrada pelas vias intramuscular(IM ou intravenosa (IV, sobre variáveis cardiovasculares, em cães anestesiados com desfluorano. Para tanto, foram utilizados dezesseis cães adultos, clinicamente saudáveis, distribuídos em dois grupos (n=8 denominados de GI e GII. Em ambos os grupos, a anestesia foi induzida com propofol (8 mg/kg, IV e em seguida os animais foram intubados com sonda orotraqueal de Magill, a qual foi conectada ao aparelho de anestesia volátil para administração de desfluorano (1,5 CAM. Após 30 minutos do início da anestesia inalatória, foi aplicado no GI buprenorfina na dose de 0,02 mg/kg pela via IV, enquanto no GII administrou-se o opióide na mesma dose porém pela via IM. Avaliaram-se: freqüência cardíaca (FC; pressões arteriais sistólica, diastólica e média (PAS, PAD e PAM; débito cardíaco (DC; pressão venosa central (PVC e pressão da artéria pulmonar (PAP. As colheitas foram feitas nos seguintes momentos: M1 - 30 minutos após o início da anestesia inalatória antes da aplicação do opióide; M2 - 15 minutos após a administração da buprenorfina; M3, M4 e M5 - de 15 em 15 minutos após M2. A avaliação estatística dos dados foi efetuada por meio de Análise de Perfil (p<0,05. As variáveis PAS, PAM, DC, PVC e PAP, não apresentaram alterações significativas de seus valores em ambos os grupos. Entretanto, a FC e a PAD apresentaram reduções significativas após a administração do opióide apenas no GI. Assim, pôde-se concluir que a buprenorfina administrada pelas vias IV ou IM não interferiu nos índices cardiovasculares de forma a manifestar efeitos clínicos importantes em cães anestesiados com desfluorano.

  8. OTIMIZAÇÃO DE CUSTOS DO TRANSPORTE PÚBLICO URBANO: COMPRAR OU VENDER UM ÔNIBUS USADO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Rodrigues da Costa

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Embora a discussão sobre a mobilidade urbana envolva as modalidades de transporte de massa, a maioria das cidades ainda se valem das frotas de ônibus. Esta pesquisa objetiva apresentar um modelo que propõe identificar o momento que poderá ser exercida a opção de vender ou comprar um veículo usado da frota de ônibus do sistema de transporte público urbano, por meio da aplicação da Teoria de Opções Reais (TOR. Pesquisas apontam que quando o veículo é novo os custos de manutenção são baixos, cobrindo basicamente as revisões de rotina e a substituição de componentes, porém depois de certa idade, esses custos vão aumentando. Neste sentido uma dúvida que sempre surge é decidir o momento adequado para adquirir ou se desfazer de um veículo usado. A teoria utilizada neste estudo, a TOR, foca no Modelo Binomial em Tempo Discreto. Metodologicamente, o estudo foi desenvolvido com dados reais de um caso específico de frota de ônibus que serviu de suporte para a construção e teste do modelo proposto e apoiou-se em dados de uma empresa de ônibus tradicional do Espírito Santo. O modelo proposto é validado por meio de exemplo numérico que identifica o momento para a tomada de decisão. No caso em estudo o modelo apresentou o momento da opção a partir do final do segundo ano de uso do ônibus. A metodologia aplicada e os resultados encontrados despertam para a necessidade dos gestores terem informações decorrentes dos dados das frotas e poderem tomar decisões mais seguras, especialmente o momento “ideal” para substituição da frota. Para o poder público, estudos dessa natureza podem gerar subsídios à elaboração de normativos pelas agências reguladoras com vistas ao atendimento pelas concessionárias e de parcerias público-privado.

  9. Misophonia: A new mental disorder?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Steven

    2017-06-01

    Misophonia, a phenomenon first described in the audiology literature, is characterized by intense emotional reactions (e.g., anger, rage, anxiety, disgust) in response to highly specific sounds, particularly sounds of human origin such as oral or nasal noises made by other people (e.g., chewing, sniffing, slurping, lip smacking). Misophonia is not listed in any of the contemporary psychiatric classification systems. Some investigators have argued that misophonia should be regarded as a new mental disorder, falling within the spectrum of obsessive-compulsive related disorders. Other researchers have disputed this claim. The purpose of this article is to critically examine the proposition that misophonia should be classified as a new mental disorder. The clinical and research literature on misophonia was examined and considered in the context of the broader literature on what constitutes a mental disorder. There have been growing concerns that diagnostic systems such as DSM-5 tend to over-pathologize ordinary quirks and eccentricities. Accordingly, solid evidence is required for proposing a new psychiatric disorder. The available evidence suggests that (a) misophonia meets many of the general criteria for a mental disorder and has some evidence of clinical utility as a diagnostic construct, but (b) the nature and boundaries of the syndrome are unclear; for example, in some cases misophonia might be simply one feature of a broader pattern of sensory intolerance, and (c) considerably more research is required, particularly work concerning diagnostic validity, before misophonia, defined as either as a disorder or as a key feature of some broader syndrome of sensory intolerance, should be considered as a diagnostic construct in the psychiatric nomenclature. A research roadmap is proposed for the systematic evaluation as to whether misophonia should be considered for future editions of DSM or ICD. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Mental and Medical sciences today

    OpenAIRE

    David L. Rowland; Ion G. Motofei

    2014-01-01

    Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences is designed as a free online, open access, interdisciplinary and peer-reviewed journal. The JMMS mission is to address ideas and issues related to mind and medicine, publishing scientific review and empirical papers regarding mental and medical health and disease. Our goal is to stimulate constructive debates among scholars, researchers, physicians, scientists and health professionals with respect to the latest discoveries and trends in the field. The jour...

  11. Mental images in episodic memory

    OpenAIRE

    Han, KyungHun

    2009-01-01

    Episodic memory, i.e. memorization of information within a spatiotemporal environment, is affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) but its loss may also occur in the normal aging process. The purpose of this study is to analyze and evaluate episodic memory in patients with AD by examining their cognitive skills in episodic memory through the introspection technique. A new method was used, wherein we assessed mental images of the subject's own past recalled in the mind like projected pictures and ...

  12. MENTAL DEPRESSION AND KUNDALINI YOGA

    OpenAIRE

    Devi, Sanjenbam Kunjeshwori; Chansauria, J. P. N.; Udupa, K.N.

    1986-01-01

    In cases of mental depression, the plasma serotonin, melatonin and glutamate levels are increased along with the lowering of urinary – 5 – hydroxyindole acetic acid, plasma monoamine oxidase and cortisol levels following three and six months Practice of Kundalini Yoga. The pulse rate and blood pressure in these patients are also lowered after Kundalini Yoga practice. Thus, the practice of Kundalini Yoga helps to maintain a perfect homeostasis by bringing an equilibrium between the sympathetic...

  13. Mental Equilibrium and Rational Emotions

    OpenAIRE

    Eyal Winter; Ignacio Garcia-Jurado; Jose Mendez-Naya; Luciano Mendez-Naya

    2009-01-01

    We introduce emotions into an equilibrium notion. In a mental equilibrium each player "selects" an emotional state which determines the player's preferences over the outcomes of the game. These preferences typically differ from the players' material preferences. The emotional states interact to play a Nash equilibrium and in addition each player's emotional state must be a best response (with respect to material preferences) to the emotional states of the others. We discuss the concept behind...

  14. The 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Rachel E.; Boulos, David; Garber, Bryan G.; Jetly, Rakesh; Sareen, Jitender

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey (CFMHS) collected detailed information on mental health problems, their impacts, occupational and nonoccupational determinants of mental health, and the use of mental health services from a random sample of 8200 serving personnel. The objective of this article is to provide a firm scientific foundation for understanding and interpreting the CFMHS findings. Methods: This narrative review first provides a snapshot of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), focusing on 2 key determinants of mental health: the deployment of more than 40,000 personnel in support of the mission in Afghanistan and the extensive renewal of the CAF mental health system. The findings of recent population-based CAF mental health research are reviewed, with a focus on findings from the very similar mental health survey done in 2002. Finally, key aspects of the methods of the 2013 CFMHS are presented. Results: The findings of 20 peer-reviewed publications using the 2002 mental health survey data are reviewed, along with those of 25 publications from other major CAF mental health research projects executed over the past decade. Conclusions: More than a decade of population-based mental health research in the CAF has provided a detailed picture of its mental health and use of mental health services. This knowledge base and the homology of the 2013 survey with the 2002 CAF survey and general population surveys in 2002 and 2012 will provide an unusual opportunity to use the CFMHS to situate mental health in the CAF in a historical and societal perspective. PMID:27270738

  15. Visual and Haptic Mental Rotation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoshi Shioiri

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that visual information can be retained in several types of memory systems. Haptic information can also be retained in a memory because we can repeat a hand movement. There may be a common memory system for vision and action. On the one hand, it may be convenient to have a common system for acting with visual information. On the other hand, different modalities may have their own memory and use retained information without transforming specific to the modality. We compared memory properties of visual and haptic information. There is a phenomenon known as mental rotation, which is possibly unique to visual representation. The mental rotation is a phenomenon where reaction time increases with the angle of visual target (eg,, a letter to identify. The phenomenon is explained by the difference in time to rotate the representation of the target in the visual sytem. In this study, we compared the effect of stimulus angle on visual and haptic shape identification (two-line shapes were used. We found that a typical effect of mental rotation for the visual stimulus. However, no such effect was found for the haptic stimulus. This difference cannot be explained by the modality differences in response because similar difference was found even when haptical response was used for visual representation and visual response was used for haptic representation. These results indicate that there are independent systems for visual and haptic representations.

  16. Stereotactic lesioning for mental illness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, M.-C.; Lee, T.-K.

    2008-01-01

    The authors report stereotactically created lesioning by radiofrequency or Cyberknife radiosurgery for patients with mental illness. Since 1993, thirty-eight patients have undergone stereotactic psychosurgery for medically intractable mental illnesses. Two patients had aggressive behavior. Twenty-five patients suffered from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and ten patients had depression. Another patient suffered from atypical psychosis. Bilateral amygdalotomy and subcaudate tractotomy were done for aggressive behavior. Limbic leucotomy or anterior cingulotomy was done for CCD and subcaudate tractotomy with or without cingulotomy was done for depression. In twenty-three patients, the lesions were made by a radiofrequency (RF) lesion generator. In fifteen cases, the lesions were made with Cyberknife Radiosurgery (CKRS). The Overt Aggression Scale (OAS) declined from 8 to 2 with clinical improvement during follow up period. With long-term follow up (meaning 57 months) in 25 OCDs, the mean Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Score (YBOCS) declined from 34 to 13 (n = 25). The Hamilton Depression scale (HAMD) for ten patients with depression declined from 38.5 to 10.5 (n = 10). There was no operative mortality and no significant morbidity except one case with transient urinary incontinence. Authors suggest that stereotactic psychosurgery by RF and CKRS could be a safe and effective means of treating some medically intractable mental illnesses. (author)

  17. La crise de l'eau : faut-il accroître l'approvisionnement ou améliorer ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    -Mellal à Marrakech, aller chercher l'eau est un travail d'enfant. Sur les plaines rocheuses où des chèvres maigrichonnes broutent une herbe peu abondante, garçonnets et fillettes qui n'ont parfois que trois ou quatre ans ...

  18. L'Amérique du Sud ou l'émergence d'un nouveau théâtre des ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    24 juin 2015 ... division du travail, ou encore les politiques restrictives au Nord. En Europe .... de recruter des candidats. Ceux-là œuvrent ..... stratégie d'inclusion au marché international, au moment où les dictatures s'effacent pour laisser la ...

  19. Geologie des Ida ou Zal (Maroc) Stratigraphie,petrographie et tectonique de la partie SW du bloc occidental du massif ancien du Haut Atlas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koning, de G.

    1957-01-01

    The present publication deals with the geology of the area known as the Ida ou Zal, situated principally in the Palaeozoic of the Western High Atlas mountains in Morocco. The area extends grosso modo between Argana (N), Sidi Idir (E), Menizla (S) and Tirkou (W); its centre lies at 34°10 N—12°65 W.

  20. Fast food ou comida regional? as preferências gastronômicas dos turistas que visitam Natal (RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna Alves de Araújo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa realizada por meio de um trabalho de conclusão do curso de Turismo, na Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, que teve como principal objetivo analisar as preferências gastronômicas, fast food ou pratos típicos locais, dos turistas que visitam Natal/RN. A pesquisa consistiu, além da pesquisa bibliográfica, da aplicação de 100 (cem questionários com turistas que visitaram a cidade nos meses de abril e maio de 2015. A partir dos dados coletados, verificou-se que a maior parte dos turistas que visitam Natal, opta pela comida típica regional, sendo importante destacar que a aproximação com a realidade local, é o principal elemento que justifica a escolha dos turistas por pratos típicos. Mesmo em menor quantidade, uma parte dos turistas opta pelo consumo de fast food, justificando-se tal escolha, por se tratar de pratos conhecidos e terem preços acessíveis. Identificaram-se ainda, outros aspectos na pesquisa, como a necessidade de existir um marketing turístico voltado para a gastronomia local e a imagem gastronômica da cidade ser vinculada aos frutos do mar, sendo este, um elemento diferenciador da cidade, em comparação a outros destinos.

  1. Spatial variation of nitrogen pollution of the water table at Oued M'Zab (Northern Algerian Sahara)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benhedid, H.; Bouhoun, M. Daddi

    2018-05-01

    The aim of our work is the study of spatial variations of the water table pollution of Oued M'Zab, in order to determine their abilities of use and the posed problems of degradation. The methodological approach we adopted is to make a spatial study of the variability of nitrogen pollution, as well as to classify water quality according to international standards. The main results obtained in this research show that NH4+ range from 0 to 0,143 mg.l-1 with an average of 0,048 ± 0,039 mg.l-1, the NO2- from 0 to 0,209 mg.l-1 give an average of 0,007 ± 0,033 mg.l-1, and the NO3- vary between 14,264 and 143,465 mg.l-1, with a mean value 54,594 ± 30,503 mg.l-1. According to W.H.O. standards, the majority of these waters are classified as polluted and not drinkable. Our research shows a degradation of the underground water resources in M'Zab Valley. It resulted that it is essential to regulate the use of water and set out other adjustments in order to safeguard the underground water resources so as to promote sustainable development in the valley of M'Zab.

  2. Qualidade de framboesas sem cobertura ou cobertas sobre o dossel e em diferentes espaçamentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Nogueira Curi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A framboesa é uma pequena fruta de grande importância econômica, que contém numerosos compostos fenólicos, com potenciais benéficos à saúde; porém, quando cultivada em regiões subtropicais, possui problemas com podridões pós-colheita. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi determinar a qualidade de framboesas cultivadas sem cobertura ou com o dossel coberto com cobertura plástica e em diferentes espaçamentos (3 x 0,50 m e 3 x 0,25 m. Foram avaliadas: a coloração dos frutos, a quantidade de antocianinas, vitamina C, cinzas, umidade, sólidos solúveis totais, açúcares, acidez, firmeza, incidência de ferrugem nos frutos e a composição mineral (nitrogênio, fósforo, potássio, cálcio, magnésio, enxofre, boro, cobre, manganês, zinco e ferro. Ao final, observou-se que cultivo com espaçamento 3 x 0,25 m e cobertas com cobertura plástica aumentou a qualidade das framboesas.

  3. Intervenção no abuso sexual intrafamiliar: ingerência invasiva ou proteção devida?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos, Viviane Amaral dos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto se propõe a discutir os aspectos jurídicos e psicológicos presentes no abuso sexual intrafamiliar. Pensamos a proteção da criança ou do adolescente a partir da constatação de que o maior número de abusos sexuais é cometido no seio das famílias e com maior frequência pelos pais e padrastos. Colocamos algumas questões com o intuito de melhor compreender a interface entre Psicologia e Direito na ingerência deste problema, com vistas à possível proteção e restauração de direitos das vítimas. Ressaltamos as contradições presentes e concluímos que a intervenção judicial pode ser determinante para a interrupção da violação do direito a uma vida digna e ao desenvolvimento sexual saudável tanto de crianças como de adolescentes. Reconhecemos que, apesar de a violência sexual intrafamiliar ocorrer no contexto privado, ela tem caráter social e público por atentar contra os direitos humanos básicos, e requer uma intervenção legal para restabelecer e garantir esses direitos

  4. Pax Americana ou o império da insegurança? Pax Americana or the empire of insecurity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Hurrell

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available No artigo pretende-se mostrar a posição dos Estados Unidos em um diferente contexto conceitual e histórico, como tentativa de escapar-se do imediatismo da discussão atual do país como um poder imperial ou hegemônico, trazidos pelos debates atuais. Revela-se assim, problemas de definições dos conceitos de imperialismo e hegemonia, assim como da dominação formal/infomal distorcendo a real imagem e posição da América do Norte no campo internacional nos dias atuais.The article intends to show the position of the United States in a different conceptual and historical context, as attempt to run away itself of the immediacy of the current debate of the state as one to be able imperial or hegemonic, brought for the current discussion. It discloses thus, problems of definitions of the concepts of imperialism and hegemony, as well as of the formal and informal domination, distorting the real image and position of North America in the international field in the current days.

  5. Motta Coqueiro ou a pena de morte: uma trama entre a memória social e a literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Teixeira de Souza

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Motta Coqueiro ou a pena de morte, escrito em 1877, por José do Patrocínio, rememora o caso real do último enforcamento no Brasil, o do mandante de um violento crime ocorrido no norte fluminense em 1852, controverso até a presente data, contra uma família de agregados, que vivia nas terras do citado fazendeiro. Porém, não restrito ao evento trágico, o romancista leva perspicazmente o leitor para uma narrativa, que ressalta o drama dos negros, dos agregados e do fazendeiro na estrutura colonial; que desnuda os critérios de cor e classe social no Brasil colônia; que evidencia o papel da Memória como uma ferramenta manipulável, ativa e estratégica nas relações sociais. Palavras-chaves: José do Patrocínio; Motta Coqueiro; Memória Social.

  6. EMPREENDEDORISMO INTERNO E CRIAÇÃO DE EMPRESAS: TRANSIÇÃO OU MUDANÇA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisete Barlach

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A atitude empreendedora é um elemento fundamental da carreira, manifestado tanto na criação de novas empresas e negócios quanto na atuação profissional intra-empreendedora pela criação, ou contribuição aos projetos internos das empresas. O presente artigo analisa e discute questões próprias da atitude empreendedora na dinâmica e mudança das carreiras. A paixão e desejo de autonomia energizam a busca de novos empreendimentos que alicerçam o início da mudança na carreira. Em função da demanda cada vez maior por profissionais com perfil empreendedor e da ambidestria organizacional, a principal discussão deste artigo alerta para outros elementos implicados na dinâmica das carreiras, tais como a adaptação das identidades, pela interface com novos círculos sociais e o desenvolvimento de novas habilidades e conhecimentos devido ao cuidado com novos problemas. Nessas mudanças estão os maiores desafios que dão ao empreendedorismo a necessária fertilidade para alimentar as carreiras.

  7. O CONTEXTO NORDESTINO NOS CORDÉIS O BALÃO DO DESTINO OU A MENINA DA ILHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Almeida dos Santos

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available

    A literatura de cordel possui um histórico cultural que abrange desde a poesia oral até os folhetos impressos que tratam de romances, pelejas, acontecimentos históricos, tragédias, narrativas fantásticas sobre reinos, príncipes, princesas, fadas e bruxas, entre outros. Os folhetos, embora sejam considerados universais, apresentam aspectos caracterizadores de uma realidade particular, muitas vezes marcada pelo contexto nordestino, local onde a literatura de cordel se consolidou no Brasil. Os cordéis O balão do destino ou a menina da ilha, apesar de tratarem de uma história de amor situada em um reino, remete ao imaginário do povo nordestino, ao retratar, sobretudo, os costumes do seu povo e sua religiosidade. Os valores morais e éticos do povo do nordeste também permeiam este folheto. O cordelista regionaliza alguns elementos presentes na narrativa, a fim de aproximar o leitor/ouvinte do universo da literatura de cordel.

  8. Contrefaire l’art ou contrefaire la nature : l’analogie artistique pour la restauration écologique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Light

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se présente comme une réflexion critique sur les thèses d’un certain nombre de spécialistes d’éthique de l’environnement quant à la valeur éthique des pratiques de restauration écologique. La principale référence de l’article est aux travaux de Robert Elliot, qui a assimilé la restauration d’espaces naturels dégradés à une contrefaçon : restaurer la nature ne peut être que le travail d’un faussaire. Mais, comme le montre Andrew Light, cette position est intenable : rejeter toute restauration de terrains plus ou moins dégradés, c’est se priver des moyens de faire la différence entre ce qui est gravement détérioré (un dépôt d’ordures ou complètement transformé (comme un paysage urbain et ce qui a été restauré. La position inverse n’est pas non plus tenable : dire que tout peut être restauré, que l’homme peut, à volonté, recréer la nature, c’est être prêt à accepter toutes les dégradations, puisque, de toute façon, on pourra restaurer un paysage naturel. Il faut donc trouver un critère permettant de distinguer entre bonne et mauvaise restauration. La référence est à la nature originelle : une nature restaurée peut-elle avoir autant de valeur qu’une nature originelle ? Dans cet objectif, Andrew Light propose une analogie entre la restauration écologique et la restauration des œuvres d’art. Proposant que l’on juge de la valeur de la restauration non sur l’intention de celui qui restaure, mais sur le processus, il ajoute à cela une distinction entre le processus et le produit ou le résultat, tout en suggérant que le produit ne soit pas considéré isolément, mais dans l’ensemble dans lequel il s’insère. Cessant de considérer la restauration écologique comme un faux ou une contrefaçon, mais en l’envisageant à la façon des restaurations d’œuvres d’art, Andrew Light propose ainsi des critères de distinction entre les différents types de

  9. Mulheres e a qualidade de vida: duas normas ou uma? Women and the quality of life: two norms or one?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Annas

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata da questão de como podemos avaliar as injustiças suscitadas pela existência de duas normas sociais distintas para a vida de homens e mulheres. Argumenta-se que essas injustiças tornam-se mais visíveis quando se confronta essa diferenciação tal como existe em sociedades de tipo "liberal" comn o modo como se apresenta em sociedades "tradicionais". Essa comparação pode revelar o papel que o apelo a uma noção de natureza humana pode desempenhar na crítica às injustiças de gênero, diversamenter do que sustentam as feministas que aderem ao relativismo cultural ou moral.How to evaluate the injustices arising from the existence of two distinct social normas for the lifes of men and women? The author argues that these injustices become more visible when the way this distinction appears in a "liberal" society is compared with the way it manifests itself in a "traditional" society. This comparison can reveal the role which an appeal to an human nature may play in the criticism of gender injustices, in opposition to the views of feminists who adhere to cultural or moral relativism.

  10. dicotomia ou complementaridade

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Henrique

    2015-01-01

    O poder materializa a capacidade de impor vontade a terceiros, num espetro que abrange do hard ao soft power; considera-se smart power a sua utilização equilibrada e complementar. Na atuação estratégica, os EUA recorrem ao hard power; a UE valoriza o soft power. A deriva estratégica resulta da importância da Ásia-Pacífico. A crise económico-financeira condiciona a alocação de recursos à defesa. A relação transatlântica garante, através da OTAN, a segurança da Europa. A redução dos investim...

  11. Le Baratze (ou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Blot

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El círculo de piedras Mendizabal 7, de 8 metros de diámetro,   presenta una corona externa constituida de grandes bloques   hincados en la tierra, y otra interna y tangente, de elementos idénticos sólo puestos en el suelo. El cajón central está compuesto de cuatro losas y una tapa. No hay depósito de huesos ni de carbón de leña ; sólo se encuentran dos herraduras, entre las cuales una completa de tipo medieval, que podrían permitir de pensar en una construcción del círculo en el periodo histórico.

  12. Paris ou la francophonie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verstraete Hansen, Lisbeth

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a reflection on what might be called the “global orientation” of French programs in Denmark. Several official reports and academic studies have emphasized the need of a clearer transition between the different educational levels involved with the teaching of foreign languages,...... school, the article shows that the vision and the place of this “global orientation” vary considerably according to the each level of the educational system....

  13. Protection Ou Partenariat

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cette période marquait le début de la transition alors que la phase des secours et ... Ces changements surviennent après une longue histoire d'intervention étatique ..... La figure 1.1, adaptée d'une typologie créée par Alan Fowler, constitue une ...... Sida (organisation suédoise pour le développement international), d'autres ...

  14. Mental toughness latent profiles in endurance athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeiger, Joanna S; Zeiger, Robert S

    2018-01-01

    Mental toughness in endurance athletes, while an important factor for success, has been scarcely studied. An online survey was used to examine eight mental toughness factors in endurance athletes. The study aim was to determine mental toughness profiles via latent profile analysis in endurance athletes and whether associations exist between the latent profiles and demographics and sports characteristics. Endurance athletes >18 years of age were recruited via social media outlets (n = 1245, 53% female). Mental toughness was measured using the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ), Psychological Performance Inventory-Alternative (PPI-A), and self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE). A three-class solution emerged, designated as high mental toughness (High MT), moderate mental toughness (Moderate MT) and low mental toughness (Low MT). ANOVA tests showed significant differences between all three classes on all 8 factors derived from the SMTQ, PPI-A and the RSE. There was an increased odds of being in the High MT class compared to the Low MT class for males (OR = 1.99; 95% CI, 1.39, 2.83; Pathletes who were over 55 compared to those who were 18-34 (OR = 2.52; 95% CI, 1.37, 4.62; Pathletes. High MT is associated with demographics and sports characteristics. Mental toughness screening in athletes may help direct practitioners with mental skills training.

  15. A study of the behaviour of irradiated or unirradiated grafts in the camera aquosa of irradiated and unirradiated animals; Etude du comportement d'un greffon irradie ou non, transplante dans la chambre anterieure de l'oeil d'un animal irradie ou non

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Djalali-Behzad, G [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-06-01

    Following grafts of new born mice spinal ganglia in the 'camera aquosa' of adult mice, the authors tried hematopoietic tissue grafts in the same conditions. The growth of iso-logous and hetero-logous bone marrow in the 'camera aquosa' showed that this tissue, even after exposure to supralethal doses, was capable of survival and growth. A counter-experiment with non irradiated bone marrow grafts in the 'camera aquosa' of rats delivered 700 rads led to the conclusion that the environment, intoxicated by exposure, acted on the graft so that after vascularization it became unable to grow. (author) [French] Apres avoir greffe des ganglions rachidiens de souriceaux nouveaux-nes dans la chambre anterieure de l'oeil de souris adultes, l'auteur a tente de greffer du tissu hematopoietique de la meme facon. La proliferation de la moelle osseuse isologue et heterologue, dans la chambre anterieure de l'oeil, lui a permis de mettre en evidence une certaine capacite de survie et de proliferation de ce tissu irradie meme a dose supraletale. Par une contre-experimentation, c'est-a-dire par la greffe de moelle non irradiee dans la chambre anterieure de rats irradies a 700 rads, il conclut que le milieu ambiant, intoxique par l'irradiation, agit sur le greffon de telle sorte que ce dernier, apres s'etre vascularise, devient depourvu de son aptitude de proliferation. (auteur)

  16. A study of the behaviour of irradiated or unirradiated grafts in the camera aquosa of irradiated and unirradiated animals; Etude du comportement d'un greffon irradie ou non, transplante dans la chambre anterieure de l'oeil d'un animal irradie ou non

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Djalali-Behzad, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-06-01

    Following grafts of new born mice spinal ganglia in the 'camera aquosa' of adult mice, the authors tried hematopoietic tissue grafts in the same conditions. The growth of iso-logous and hetero-logous bone marrow in the 'camera aquosa' showed that this tissue, even after exposure to supralethal doses, was capable of survival and growth. A counter-experiment with non irradiated bone marrow grafts in the 'camera aquosa' of rats delivered 700 rads led to the conclusion that the environment, intoxicated by exposure, acted on the graft so that after vascularization it became unable to grow. (author) [French] Apres avoir greffe des ganglions rachidiens de souriceaux nouveaux-nes dans la chambre anterieure de l'oeil de souris adultes, l'auteur a tente de greffer du tissu hematopoietique de la meme facon. La proliferation de la moelle osseuse isologue et heterologue, dans la chambre anterieure de l'oeil, lui a permis de mettre en evidence une certaine capacite de survie et de proliferation de ce tissu irradie meme a dose supraletale. Par une contre-experimentation, c'est-a-dire par la greffe de moelle non irradiee dans la chambre anterieure de rats irradies a 700 rads, il conclut que le milieu ambiant, intoxique par l'irradiation, agit sur le greffon de telle sorte que ce dernier, apres s'etre vascularise, devient depourvu de son aptitude de proliferation. (auteur)

  17. Current models of positive mental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanojević Dragana Z.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of positive mental health represents not merely the absence of mental disease but presence of high level of happiness and well-being. In this paper we mentioned shortly the earliest concept of mental health, presented by Marie Jahoda in the mid-twentieth century. After that, we described two traditions in understanding and researching of subjective well-being: hedonic and eudaimonic approach. First approach focuses on investigation of positive affects and happiness as emotional and life satisfaction as cognitive component of subjective well-being. Second tradition emphasizes potentials and competences that person develops to the highest level, in personal and social area. Both psychological and social well-being are core concept of positive mental health psychology, designated together as positive functioning. The psychological well-being comprises six dimensions: self-acceptance, positive relations with others, environmental mastery, autonomy, purpose of life and personal growth. Social well-being consists of five dimensions: social integration, social acceptance, social contribution, social actualization and social coherence. By integrating hedonic and eudaimonic well-being as well as absence of mental disease, Corey Keyes introduced concept of complete mental health. People with complete mental health have reported absence of disease during past year and presence of high level of emotional, psychological and social well-being (flourishing. People with incomplete mental health have also reported absence of mental disease but low level of positive functioning (languishing. Keyes thought there are people with complete and incomplete mental illness; both groups report presence of mental disease, but second group has high level of positive functioning. Models of positive mental health are widely used in research studies as well as in programs for prevention and promotion of mental health. .

  18. Australian Rotary Health: a major contributor to mental illness research and mental health awareness in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorm, Anthony; Sawyer, Michael; Gillett, Joy

    2012-08-01

    Australian Rotary Health (ARH) was established in 1981 with the goal of supporting family health research in Australia. Since 2000, ARH has supported research relevant to mental health and mental illness. This article describes the early history of the fund, the reasons for the move to mental illness research, some examples of research projects that have had a beneficial impact and the branching out into mental health community awareness raising and stigma reduction. ARH has emerged as a major non-government supporter of mental illness research. It has also effectively engaged Rotary clubs at a local level to increase community awareness of mental illness and to reduce stigma.

  19. Microbiota intestinal e desempenho de frangos alimentados com rações elaboradas com sorgo ou milheto e complexo enzimático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.R.S.C. Leite

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a suplementação enzimática em rações contendo milheto ou sorgo sobre a microbiota intestinal e o desempenho de frangos. Foram alojados 420 pintos - ensaio de microbiota - e 1.200 pintos - ensaio de desempenho -, submetidos aos tratamentos com sorgo ou milheto suplementados ou não com complexo enzimático. O delineamento utilizado foi inteiramente ao acaso, com sete repetições de 15 aves cada, para o ensaio de microbiota, e em blocos ao acaso, com cinco repetições e 60 aves por parcela para desempenho. Foram realizadas pesquisas de bactérias Gram-negativas e contagem do número total de microrganismos aeróbios do intestino delgado. A suplementação enzimática não afetou a microbiota intestinal de frangos aos 14 e 28 dias de idade. Houve efeito da suplementação enzimática nas dietas com sorgo para conversão alimentar na fase pré-inicial. Nas dietas com milheto, a suplementação melhorou o ganho de peso no período de um a 35 dias de idade. No período total de criação, de um a 42 dias, não foi observado efeito da suplementação para milheto ou sorgo. Conclui-se que a utilização da suplementação de enzimas em rações com sorgo ou milheto pode melhorar os resultados de desempenho, dependendo da fase de crescimento de frangos de corte.

  20. Desempenho de frangos de corte e digestibilidade de rações com sorgo ou milheto e complexo enzimático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Ricardo de Sá da Costa Leite

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a digestibilidade de rações formuladas com sorgo (Sorghum bicolor, ou milheto (Pennisetum glaucum e adição de um complexo enzimático comercial composto de amilase, carboidrases, proteases e fitase, e o desempenho de frangos de corte. Para avaliação de desempenho, foram alojados 1.800 pintos de corte machos em delineamento em blocos ao acaso, em arranjo fatorial 2x2, com quatro tratamentos (rações com sorgo ou milheto com ou sem adição de complexo enzimático e cinco repetições com 60 aves por unidade experimental. Nos ensaios de metabolismo realizados dos 10 aos 14 e dos 24 aos 28 dias, foram distribuídos 420 pintos machos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 2x2 (rações com milheto ou sorgo com ou sem adição de complexo enzimático. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e as médias comparadas com o teste F para contrastes ortogonais. Nas rações elaboradas com sorgo, a adição do complexo enzimático proporcionou melhores coeficientes de digestibilidade da gordura e do nitrogênio. A adição de complexo enzimático em rações formuladas com sorgo melhora a conversão alimentar somente na fase inicial de criação dos frangos, enquanto a adição de complexo enzimático não melhora o desempenho de frango nas rações elaboradas com milheto.

  1. RPPN, ECO TURISMO, POPULAÇÕES TRADICIONAIS E/OU RESIDENTES: DILEMAS DE UMA POLÍTICA DE ÁREAS PARTICULARES PROTEGIDAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isis Maria Cunha Lustosa

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo versa sobre a (UC Unidade de Conservação– (RPPN Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural e oEcoturismo como elementos de discussão – se há porparte da legislação de áreas protegidas particulares ocompromisso do reconhecimento das populações tradicionaise/ou residentes, bem como da efetiva participaçãodestas na conservação da natureza em RPPN tomando-se como base artigos do Decreto nº 1922/05.06.1996e da Lei nº 9.985/18.07.2000 do (SNUC Sistema Nacionalde Unidades de Conservação, o qual, insere a RPPNcomo área protegida oficial de propriedade particular reconhecidapelo (IBAMA Instituto Brasileiro de RecursosNaturais Renováveis, em âmbito federal, ou por órgãosestaduais do meio ambiente. Essa área é reconhecidatotal ou parcial por decisão do proprietário, permanecena sua posse e domínio com gravame de perpetuidade.O IBAMA considera que a RPPN proteja os recursosambientais pela relevância da sua biodiversidade, peloaspecto paisagístico ou por características ambientaisque justifiquem sua recuperação, concebendo-a atividadesque julgam não interferir negativamente na biodiversidade– a educação ambiental, os projetos científicose o turismo ecológico. Ou: a RPPN é mais um espaçoemergente em prol da turistificação de área protegidacriada na ideologia do ecoturismo?

  2. Antibióticos em tonsilectomias: terapêutico ou profilático? Necessário ou abusivo? Antibiotic use in tonsillectomies: therapeutic or prophylactic? Required or excessive?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otávio Bejzman Piltcher

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available A adenotonsilectomia é uma das cirurgias mais comumente realizadas na população pediátrica e adulta jovem. A morbidade pós-operatória de tal procedimento cirúrgico é importante incluindo odinofagia, disfagia, otalgia, febre, halitose, perda ponderal e redução da aceitação por via oral. Após a tonsilectomia, com ou sem adenoidectomia, a colonização da loja tonsilar aberta pela flora bacteriana oral causaria uma exacerbação da reação inflamatória local, piorando a dor pós-operatória. A hipótese de que a redução da população bacteriana na ferida cirúrgica aberta possa diminuir a inflamação local, promover o processo cicatricial e acelerar a recuperação pós-operatória determinou inúmeros estudos que abordaram a relação entre o uso perioperatório de antibióticos e a morbidade pós-operatória da adenotonsilectomia. Apesar desses estudos se definirem como avaliadores do uso profilático cirúrgico de antibióticos nessas cirurgias, não houve seguimento das normas de antibioticoprofilaxia cirúrgica internacionalmente aceitas, sendo que a maioria utiliza antibióticos por sete dias pós-operatórios. Através de uma revisão crítica da literatura, os autores discutem os prós e contras do uso de antibiótico nas tonsilectomias ou adenotonsilectomias, assim como a correta definição para sua utilização.Adenotonsillectomy is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the pediatric and young adult populations. The postoperative morbidity of this surgical procedure is often significant, including odynophagia, dysphagia, fever, halitosis, loss of weight and reduced oral intake. After tonsillectomy, with or without adenoidectomy, the colonization of the open tonsillar fossae by the bacterial population of the oral cavity would cause an exacerbation of the local inflammatory response worsening postoperative pain. The hypothesis that a reduction of the bacterial population of an open surgical wound could

  3. Aerobic stability of triticale silage in single culture or in mixtures with oat and/or legumes Estabilidade aeróbia de silagens de triticale em cultivo exclusivo ou em misturas com aveia e/ou leguminosas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valter Harry Bumbieris Junior

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to evaluate the aerobic stability and losses during the fermentation process of triticale silages in single crop or in mixtures with oats and/or legumes. The following crops were used for silage production: triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittimack, triticale intercropped with forage pea (Pisum arvense and triticale intercropped with oats (Avena strigosa Schreb, forage pea and vetch (Vicia sativa. The dry matter content and its recovery did not differ among the silages. Buffer capacity was higher for tricale silage intercropped with oats, forage pea and vetch(88.67 m eq. NaOH/100 g DM followed by triticale intercropped with forage pea (80.80 m eq. NaOH/100 g DM. Electric conductivity values were higher in the intercropped triticale silages. Triticale silage presented the lowest temperatures observed in the silos, and the silages of intercropped triticale silages presented higher heat retention and higher pH values. Silage of triticale intercropped with oats and legumes presented lower aerobic stability but it did not reduce the aerobic stability of the total feed. Dry matter recovery during storage and in stability evaluations in aerobiosis is similar among the silages.O objetivo neste trabalho foi avaliar a estabilidade aeróbia e as perdas durante o processo de fermentação de silagens de triticale em cultivo exclusivo ou em misturas com aveia e/ou leguminosas. As culturas utilizadas para produção das silagens foram: triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittimack; triticale em consórcio com ervilha-forrageira (Pisum arvense; e triticale em consórcio com aveia (Avena strigosa Schreb, ervilha-forrageira e ervilhaca (Vicia sativa. O teor de matéria seca e a recuperação de matéria seca não diferiram entre as silagens. A capacidade tampão foi maior para a silagem de triticale cultivado em consórcio com aveia, ervilha-forrageira e ervilhaca (88,67 m eq. NaOH/100 g de MS, seguida da silagem de triticale cultivado

  4. Malaysia's social policies on mental health: a critical theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mubarak, A Rahamuthulla

    2003-01-01

    This article aims to review the social policies on mental health and mental illness in Malaysia. Using critical theory, major policy issues pertaining to mental health and mental illness such as mental health legislation, prevalence rates and quality of services available to the people with mental health problems are discussed in detail. Implications of these issues on persons with mental health problems are critically evaluated. The paper highlights that the other countries in ASEAN region also require similar review by policy literature.

  5. Sexuality, vulnerability to HIV, and mental health: an ethnographic study of psychiatric institutions Sexualidade e vulnerabilidade ao HIV em saúde mental: um estudo de base etnográfica de instituições psiquiátricas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana de Souza Pinto

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents data from the ethnographic based formative phase of the Interdisciplinary Project on Sexuality, Mental Health, and AIDS (PRISSMA, sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH and carried out in two psychiatric institutions in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Results from ethnographic observations, focus groups, and key informant interviews with different groups of mental health care providers and day hospital and outpatient mental health clients regarding conceptions of sexuality and HIV vulnerability are described. The results suggest a diversity of notions about sexuality by both groups and point out the high HIV sexual risk in this psychiatric population. This formative phase has served as the basis for the cultural adaptation and creation of a Brazilian intervention for HIV prevention in the severely mentally ill, the feasibility of which has been successfully evaluated in the pilot phase.Este artigo apresenta dados da fase formativa, de base etnográfica, do Projeto Interdisciplinar em Sexualidade, Saúde Mental e AIDS (PRISSMA patrocinado pelo National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH e desenvolvido em duas instituições psiquiátricas da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. São descritos e discutidos os resultados obtidos nas observações etnográficas, grupos focais e entrevistas com informantes-chave realizados com diferentes grupos de profissionais de saúde mental e usuários de saúde mental do hospital-dia e/ou em tratamento ambulatorial, relativos às concepções de sexualidade e vulnerabilidade para o HIV. Os resultados sugerem uma diversidade de relatos e noções sobre o exercício da sexualidade por ambos os grupos e aponta para o alto risco sexual para o HIV nessa população psiquiátrica. Esta fase formativa embasou a adaptação cultural e a criação de uma intervenção brasileira para prevenção desse vírus em portadores de transtornos mentais graves cuja viabilidade foi avaliada

  6. Saberes e práticas do agente comunitário de saúde no universo do transtorno mental Knowledge and practices of the community health agent in the universe of mental disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Maria Mont'Alverne de Barros

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigação, de natureza qualitativa, objetivou conhecer os saberes e práticas do agente comunitário de saúde no universo do transtorno mental. Foram entrevistados catorze agentes que atuam na Estratégia Saúde da Família de Sobral, Ceará. Inferimos que a construção dos conceitos acerca do transtorno mental é um processo influenciado por fatores subjetivos e socioculturais e vinculado à vivência de experiências concretas. Os agentes comunitários de saúde utilizam diferentes parâmetros para conceituar uma pessoa com transtornos mentais, como padrões de normalidade ou anormalidade do comportamento e capacidade de realizar julgamentos de fato. O isolamento social emergiu como importante fator, tendo sido relatado, pelos diferentes sujeitos da pesquisa, como causa, conseqüência e como o próprio transtorno mental. O medo, como conseqüência da estranheza causada pelo comportamento das pessoas com transtornos mentais, foi identificado como um importante entrave à atuação dos agentes comunitários de saúde. As estratégias adotadas por estes profissionais, pautadas fundamentalmente no diálogo, revelam a preocupação com a inserção social e com a necessidade de envolvimento das famílias no cuidado das pessoas com transtornos mentais.This qualitative investigation aimed at collecting information about the knowledge and practices of the community health agents related to the universe of mental disorders. Fourteen agents working in the Family Health Program in Sobral, Ceará were interviewed. We deduced that the concepts of mental disorder are constructed in a process influenced by subjective and socio-cultural aspects and in connection with concrete experiences. The community health agents judge mentally disturbed persons on the basis of different criteria such as normal or abnormal behavior standards and the capacity to make judgments. Social isolation emerged as an important factor, considered by the different

  7. Anatomical Position of Mental foramen: a Review

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    Vinit Aher

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Mental foramen is a key factor in many of the surgical as well as clinical procedures in routine clinical practice. The variations of mental foramen with respect to position, size and number dose significantly alter the clinical implications of various intraoral treatments. The accurate knowledge of the mental nerve and its position helps the clinician for delivering local anesthesia effectively also placement of implants and dentures intraorally to replace missing teeth is important in prosthetic point of view. While doing the surgical procedures in this region the position of mental nerve and its foramen is of importance to avoid intraoperative neurovascular damage and to avoid postoperative neurosensory disturbances. The ethnic and racial variations are seen in the position of mental foramen, although a gender variation in same population has not been seen. Thus the knowledge of the position of mental nerve is important for day to day clinical practice of dentistry.

  8. New Developments in Mental Health and Community

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    Isabel Fazenda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The community mental health model implies a bio‐psycho‐social perspective of mental health/illness issues, as well as a set of values that advocate equity in service access, community treatment, respect for human rights, a recovery vision, promotion of independent living, social integration and user and family participation. In accordance with the priorities set by the European Union, mental health services must guarantee that these principles are applied in the prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and promotion of mental health. Inter‐sector cooperation is an essential part of developing transversal policies that ensure society’s involvement in mental health promotion. Advances in community mental health in‐ dicate the relevance of considering human rights both in policy development and in practice, of the recovery perspective and of the need to promote the participation of user and carer organizations.

  9. Mental pain: a multidimensional operationalization and definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orbach, Israel; Mikulincer, Mario; Sirota, Pinhas; Gilboa-Schechtman, Eva

    2003-01-01

    An operationalization of mental pain is presented in three studies. The first study describes the operationalization of mental pain and the factor structure of the items produced by a content analysis of self-reports yielding a scale with nine factors: the experience of irreversibility, loss of control, narcissistic wounds, emotional flooding, freezing, estrangement, confusion, social distancing, and emptiness. Study 2 tested the relationship between mental pain and depression and anxiety in a normal population. Study 3 focused on the relationship between mental pain and coping. Mental pain is conceptualized as a perception of negative changes in the self and its functions that are accompanied by negative feelings. It is suggested that it can be meaningfully applied to the study of different mental states, life conditions, and transitions in life.

  10. [Mental disease as disturbance of essential functions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schramme, T

    2015-01-01

    The article defends an interpretation of mental illness as mental dysfunction. It develops a concept in line with the naturalistic viewpoint in the philosophy of medicine. The concept of mental function is scrutinized. Functions are regarded as effects of traits that enable an organism to live independently. The significance of this theoretical perspective for the psychiatric practice is discussed. Finally, the developed conceptualization is compared to the current edition of the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM). It is emphasized that the theoretical conceptualization of mental disorder determines what may justifiably and in a scientifically valid way be deemed a disease entity. Nevertheless, the practical perspective needs an additional element of individual well-being as not every mental dysfunction involves impairment in this respect. It is claimed that the DSM takes a perspective similar to the one defended in this article.

  11. Mental and Medical sciences today

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    David L. Rowland

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences is designed as a free online, open access, interdisciplinary and peer-reviewed journal. The JMMS mission is to address ideas and issues related to mind and medicine, publishing scientific review and empirical papers regarding mental and medical health and disease. Our goal is to stimulate constructive debates among scholars, researchers, physicians, scientists and health professionals with respect to the latest discoveries and trends in the field. The journal pays special attention to interdisciplinary and integrative perspectives, focusing primarily on papers approaching mind and body as a unitary domain of study. Our supposition is that the study of the human body and mind needs to be better integrated—in fact should not be studied in isolation from one another, a position that originates fact from the collaborative efforts of the two main editors, namely a psychologist and a physician. As an example, the mind body problem—an age-old question—is still a much debated topic. Despite enormous progress in neuroimaging, it remains unclear how abstract ideas come to “control” the physical brain and body to generate actions, responses, and behaviors. Thus, abstract ideas of the mind (e.g., the desire to seek a promotion, to become famous, or to help those surrounding you can drive decision making and life choices more strongly than the concrete/ biological needs of the body (food, warmth, shelter, etc.. From a pathological perspective, heavy psychological and physical burden can “overload” the mind, creating a mental condition of stress which may then negatively impact bodily function through symptoms such as gastric ulcer, hypertension, and so on. From the opposite perspective, the body and brain can interfere with and direct the functioning of mind. The need for sleep, for example, is due to fluctuation of neuromodulators within the brain. When such neuromodulators are pharmacologically manipulated

  12. Vulnérabilité des familles dirigées par une mère adolescente ou jeune adulte faisant l'objet d'une enquête menée par un service de protection de l'enfance au Canada

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    W. Hovdestad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Les familles avec une jeune mère sont associées à un risque accru de mauvais traitements envers les enfants et de problèmes sociaux et de santé. Méthodologie : Une analyse du chi carré effectuée sur des données combinées des services de protection de l'enfance issues de l'Étude canadienne sur l'incidence des signalements de cas de violence et de négligence envers les enfants (ECI-2003 et ECI-2008 a permis de comparer 284 mères adolescentes (18 ans et moins et 800 jeunes mères (19 à 21 ans et leurs familles à 5 752 familles avec une mère de 22 ans ou plus. Résultats : Vingt-six pour cent des jeunes mères avaient 18 ans ou moins. La plupart recevaient de l'aide sociale comme principale source de revenu (68 % des familles avec une mère adolescente et 57 % des familles avec une mère jeune adulte contre 36 % des familles avec une mère de 22 ans ou plus. Les mères adolescentes et les mères jeunes adultes étaient plus susceptibles d'avoir été placées dans leur enfance que les mères de 22 ans ou plus (31 % et 23 % contre 10 % et présentaient plus fréquemment des facteurs de risque tels que l'alcoolisme (25 % et 23 % contre 18 % ou un manque de soutien social (46 % et 41 % contre 37 %. Les pourvoyeurs secondaires de soins dans les familles avec de jeunes mères étaient aussi associés à un plus grand nombre de facteurs de risque. Les familles de mères adolescentes ou jeunes adultes couraient un risque plus élevé de décision de placement de l'enfant pendant l'enquête (29 % et 27 % contre 17 %. Les mères couraient toutes le même risque d'être victimes de violence familiale et de présenter des problèmes de santé mentale. Conclusion : Dans cet échantillon de familles à risque élevé, les risques étaient plus importants pour les familles avec de jeunes mères que pour les familles auxquelles on les avait comparées. Le jeune âge de la mère pourrait être un bon critère pour repérer les

  13. Cultural Variation in Implicit Mental Illness Stigma

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    Cheon, Bobby K.; Chiao, Joan Y.

    2012-01-01

    Culture shapes how individuals perceive and respond to others with mental illness. Prior studies have suggested that Asians and Asian Americans typically endorse greater stigma of mental illness compared to Westerners (White Europeans and Americans). However, whether these differences in stigma arise from cultural variations in automatic affective reactions or deliberative concerns of the appropriateness of one’s reactions to mental illness remains unknown. Here we compared implicit and expli...

  14. Neurophysiological Correlates of Various Mental Perspectives

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    Thilo eHinterberger

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A common view of consciousness is that our mind presents emotions, experiences and images in an internal mental (re-presentation space which in a state of wakefulness is triggered by the world outside. Consciousness can be defined as the observation of this inner mental space. We propose a new model, in which the state of the conscious observer is defined by the observer’s mental position and focus of attention. The mental position of the observer can either be within the mental self (intrapersonal space, in the mental outer world (extrapersonal space or in an empathic connection, i.e. within the intrapersonal space of another person (perspective taking. The focus of attention can be directed towards the self or towards the outside world. This mental space model can help us to understand the patterns of relationships and interactions with other persons as they occur in social life.To investigate the neurophysiological correlates and discriminability of the different mental states, we conducted an EEG experiment measuring the brain activity of 16 subjects via 64 electrodes while they engaged in different mental positions (intrapersonal, extrapersonal, perspective taking with different attentional foci (self, object. Compared to external mental locations, internal ones showed significantly increased alpha2 power, especially when the observer was focusing on an object. Alpha2 and beta2 were increased in the empathic condition compared to the extrapersonal perspective. Delta power was significantly higher when the attentional focus was directed towards an object in comparison to the participant’s own self. This exploratory study demonstrates highly significant differences between various mental locations and foci, suggesting that the proposed categories of mental location and intra- and interpersonal attentional foci are not only helpful theoretical concepts but are also physiologically relevant and therefore may relate to basic brain processing

  15. Mental Practice : some observations and speculations

    OpenAIRE

    Lippman, L.P.

    1992-01-01

    The use of words such as mental practice, imagery, and rehearsal have great meaning in the psychological, motor learning and sport psycology literature. There exists logic and precedence to simplifyterminology and research that utilizes the paradigm where any kind of mental rehearsal is takin place. In fact, there is some justification that such a mechanism is and always have been an integral part of the learning process. A rubric incorporating mental practice into the mainstream of learning ...

  16. Enlightened Travelers and Their Mental Maps

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolay Aretov

    2015-01-01

    Enlightened Travelers and Their Mental Maps The issue of mental mapping of Eastern Europe (Wolff), posed during the Enlightenment, and the similar problem of the image of the Balkans (Todorova), are both multifaceted. This paper deals with three aspects of these processes and seeks to analyse them through the prism of the Orientalism-Occidentalism opposition. The article opens with a very general description of the Oriental mental maps on the part of 19th-century Bulgarian revolutiona...

  17. Mental health in schools and public health

    OpenAIRE

    Adelman, Howard S; Taylor, Linda

    2006-01-01

    Health policy and practice call for health and mental health parity and for a greater focus on universal interventions to promote, prevent, and intervene as early after problem onset as is feasible. Those in the public health field are uniquely positioned to help promote the mental health of young people and to reshape how the nation thinks about and addresses mental health. And schools are essential partners for doing the work.

  18. Factors for success in mental health advocacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hann, Katrina; Pearson, Heather; Campbell, Doris; Sesay, Daniel; Eaton, Julian

    2015-01-01

    Background Mental health advocacy groups are an effective way of pushing the mental health agenda and putting pressure on national governments to observe the right to health; however, there is limited research that highlights best practices for such groups in low-resource settings. In an effort to improve the scaling up of mental health in Sierra Leone, stakeholders came together to form the country's first mental health advocacy group: the Mental Health Coalition – Sierra Leone. Since its inception, the group has worked towards raising the profile of mental health in Sierra Leone and developing as an advocacy organisation. Design The study's aim was to investigate views on enabling factors and barriers associated with mental health advocacy in a low-income country using a community-based participatory approach and qualitative methodology. Focus groups (N=9) were held with mental health stakeholders, and key informant interviews (N=15) were conducted with advocacy targets. Investigators analysed the data collaboratively using coding techniques informed by grounded theory. Results Investigators reveal viewpoints on key factors in networking, interacting with government actors, and awareness raising that enabled mental health advocacy aims of supporting policy, service delivery, service user rights, training for service delivery, and awareness raising. The investigators outline viewpoints on barriers for advocacy aims in framing the issue of mental health, networking, interacting with government actors, resource mobilization, and awareness raising. Conclusions The findings outline enabling factors, such as networking with key stakeholders, and barriers, such as lack of political will, for achieving mental health advocacy aims within a low-resource setting, Sierra Leone. Stakeholder coalitions can further key policy development aims that are essential to strengthen mental health systems in low-resource settings. PMID:26689456

  19. The Fight against Stigma toward Mental Illness

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    Olcay Cam

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available In many health conditions, stigma is receiving increasing attention. Public stigmatization toward mental illness can affect particularly the patients and family memberships to help seeking behavior and treatment. These stigmatized persons in the society are deprived of rights and benefits. In this paper, reasons and consequences of stigma associated with mental illness are reviewed and combat against mental illnesses originated stigma are discussed. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(1.000: 71-78

  20. Factors for success in mental health advocacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hann, Katrina; Pearson, Heather; Campbell, Doris; Sesay, Daniel; Eaton, Julian

    2015-01-01

    Mental health advocacy groups are an effective way of pushing the mental health agenda and putting pressure on national governments to observe the right to health; however, there is limited research that highlights best practices for such groups in low-resource settings. In an effort to improve the scaling up of mental health in Sierra Leone, stakeholders came together to form the country's first mental health advocacy group: the Mental Health Coalition - Sierra Leone. Since its inception, the group has worked towards raising the profile of mental health in Sierra Leone and developing as an advocacy organisation. The study's aim was to investigate views on enabling factors and barriers associated with mental health advocacy in a low-income country using a community-based participatory approach and qualitative methodology. Focus groups (N=9) were held with mental health stakeholders, and key informant interviews (N=15) were conducted with advocacy targets. Investigators analysed the data collaboratively using coding techniques informed by grounded theory. Investigators reveal viewpoints on key factors in networking, interacting with government actors, and awareness raising that enabled mental health advocacy aims of supporting policy, service delivery, service user rights, training for service delivery, and awareness raising. The investigators outline viewpoints on barriers for advocacy aims in framing the issue of mental health, networking, interacting with government actors, resource mobilization, and awareness raising. The findings outline enabling factors, such as networking with key stakeholders, and barriers, such as lack of political will, for achieving mental health advocacy aims within a low-resource setting, Sierra Leone. Stakeholder coalitions can further key policy development aims that are essential to strengthen mental health systems in low-resource settings.