WorldWideScience

Sample records for meerschweinchen seine zucht

  1. Politische Bildung im Kontext von Regierung, Unterricht und Zucht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Rucker

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776-1841 gilt als der Begründer der wissenschaftlichen Pädagogik. In diesem Beitrag wird zu zeigen versucht, dass Herbart die Unterstützung politischer Bildung als eine Aufgabe von Regierung, Unterricht und Zucht bestimmt und in seinem Werk wichtige „Bausteine“ für eine Theorie der politischen Bildung unter den Bedingungen von Erziehung vorlegt hat. Nach Herbart ist das politische Selbst- und Weltverhältnis auf Sachverhalte bezogen, die nicht nur die Lebensführung einzelner Menschen, sondern die Lebensführung einer Mehrzahl von Menschen betreffen. Nicht das Zusammenleben von Menschen generell ist jedoch Orientierungsgesichtspunkt des politischen Selbst- und Weltverhältnisses, sondern nur das problematisch gewordene Zusammenleben. Politik ergibt sich nach Herbart aus einem Konflikt hinsichtlich der Frage, wie das Zusammenleben von Menschen geregelt sein sollte. Während die Regierung lediglich mittelbar einen Beitrag zur politischen Bildung leistet, indem sie die Voraussetzungen für Unterricht und Zucht bereitstellt, fungieren die beiden zuletzt genannten Formen von Erziehung als die eigentlichen Medien, in denen die politische Bildung im Sinne Herbarts ihren Ort hat.

  2. Danish seine - An environmental friendly fishing method?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noack, Thomas; Eggers, Florian; Frandsen, Rikke

    of the total landings where the seine fleet and catches are decreasing. The Danish seine is a specific type of encircling net to catch demersal fish. It is characterized by moderate fuel consumption and no use of heavy weights or doors, probably resulting in a relatively gentle bottom-contact and low...

  3. Danish seine – Ecosystem effects of fishing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noack, Thomas

    In 2014, the project “Danish seine – Ecosystem effects of fishing” got initiated in order to establish a better scientific understanding around Danish anchor seining and its effects on the environment. By comparing catch profiles of Danish seiners and demersal otter trawlers, we could show...

  4. Predicting the effect of seine rope layout pattern and haul-in procedure on the effectiveness of demersal seine fishing: A Computer simulation-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, Nina A H; Aarsæther, Karl G; Herrmann, Bent

    2017-01-01

    Demersal Seining is an active fishing method applying two long seine ropes and a seine net. Demersal seining relies on fish responding to the seine rope as it moves during the fishing process. The seine ropes and net are deployed in a specific pattern encircling an area on the seabed. In some variants of demersal seining the haul-in procedure includes a towing phase where the fishing vessel moves forward before starting to winch in the seine ropes. The initial seine rope encircled area, the gradual change in it during the haul-in process and the fish's reaction to the moving seine ropes play an important role in the catch performance of demersal seine fishing. The current study investigates this subject by applying computer simulation models for demersal seine fishing. The demersal seine fishing is dynamic in nature and therefore a dynamic model, SeineSolver is applied for simulating the physical behaviour of the seine ropes during the fishing process. Information about the seine rope behaviour is used as input to another simulation tool, SeineFish that predicts the catch performance of the demersal seine fishing process. SeineFish implements a simple model for how fish at the seabed reacts to an approaching seine rope. Here, the SeineSolver and SeineFish tools are applied to investigate catching performance for a Norwegian demersal seine fishery targeting cod (Gadus morhua) in the coastal zone. The effect of seine rope layout pattern and the duration of the towing phase are investigated. Among the four different layout patterns investigated, the square layout pattern was predicted to perform best; catching 69%-86% more fish than would be obtained with the rectangular layout pattern. Inclusion of a towing phase in the fishing process was found to increase the catch performance for all layout patterns. For the square layout pattern, inclusion of a towing phase of 15 or 35 minutes increased the catch performance by respectively 37% and 48% compared to fishing without

  5. Aet Piel : oluline sisekujunduselement on viltune sein / Gitte Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Gitte

    2003-01-01

    Poolkaares ehitatud korterelamus on Aet Pieli kujundatud korteris üks sein viltu. Esmapilgul häirivana mõjunud sein sai oluliseks sisekujunduselemendiks. Eritellimusel valmistatud mööbel on tammepuidust. A. Pieli kommentaarid. Ill.: plaan enne ja nüüd, 9 värv. vaadet

  6. Codend selectivity in a commercial Danish anchor seine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noack, Thomas; Frandsen, Rikke; Krag, Ludvig Ahm

    2017-01-01

    Danish seining (or anchor seining) is a fishing technique that is gaining increasing attention because itis considered to be a fuel-efficient fishing method with low environmental impact. However, scientificdocumentation of the selectivity characteristics of Danish seines is lacking, and the gear....... The estimatedselectivity curve of dab indicated, contrary to cod and plaice, low retention of individuals below MLS.Confidence limits for larger length classes of cod and red gurnard were relatively wide. For plaice, theestimated selection factor, which is the length with 50% retention divided by mesh size...

  7. US Tune Purse Seine Fleet History & Activity Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NMFS SWR has collected historical vessel information on the U.S. tuna cannery baitboat and purse seine fleets for many years. The database's first record of a...

  8. 77 FR 41754 - Fishing Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-16

    ... Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery AGENCY: National Marine... program in the Southeast Alaska purse seine salmon fishery. NMFS conducted a referendum to approve the..., Chief, Financial Services Division, NMFS, Attn: SE Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Buyback, 1315 East-West...

  9. 78 FR 33810 - Fishing Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-05

    ... Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery AGENCY: National Marine... reduction loan for the fishing capacity reduction program in the Southeast Alaska purse seine salmon fishery... July 22, 2012. Since then, all harvesters of Southeast Alaska purse seine salmon must pay the fee and...

  10. 77 FR 26744 - Fishing Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery AGENCY: National Marine... of reduction payment tender of Southeast Alaska purse seine salmon permits. SUMMARY: The National... Southeast Alaska purse seine salmon fishery. The program authorizes NMFS to make payments to permit holders...

  11. 77 FR 12568 - Fishing Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery AGENCY: National Marine... Salmon Fishery. NMFS will hold a series of public meetings with Southeast Alaska purse seine salmon... to Paul Marx, Chief, Financial Services Division, NMFS, Attn: SE Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Buyback...

  12. Seinäjoen kuntosaliohjaajien koulutustaustan, ravitsemusosaamisen ja ohjaustyylin kartoittaminen

    OpenAIRE

    Kumpunen, Miia

    2016-01-01

    Tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli kartoittaa Seinäjoen kuntosaliohjaajien koulutustausta, ravitsemusosaaminen ja ohjaustyyli. Tavoitteena oli, että kuntosalit saavat tutkimuksen avulla tietoonsa mahdolliset koulutustarpeet. Kuntosaliohjaajien koulutuksen ollessa hyvällä tasolla myös asiakkaiden saama ohjaus on laadukkaampaa ja he hyötyvät tästä enemmän. Aineisto kerättiin lomakekyselynä, joka sisälsi strukturoituja ja avoimia kysymyksiä. Ensimmäinen aineisto kerättiin syksyllä 2015 kuntosaliohja...

  13. Lymphome malin non hodgkinien du sein et VIH: à propos d'un cas ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le lymphome malin non-hodgkinien (LNH) représente 0,5% de tous les cancers du sein. Son diagnostic est essentiellement histologique. Nous rapportons un cas de LMNH du sein chez une patiente de 42 ans et chez qui la sérologie VIH est positive. L'objectif de cet article est de discuter les aspects cliniques, ...

  14. 76 FR 61985 - Fishing Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Salmon Fishery AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric... Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery (Reduction Fishery). The fee system involves future landings of... Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Rulemaking, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910 or by calling...

  15. 76 FR 29707 - Fishing Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... Salmon Fishery AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric... loan for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery (Reduction Fishery). The fee system involves...: SE Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Rulemaking, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910...

  16. 77 FR 19004 - Fishing Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    ... Capacity Reduction Program for the Southeast Alaska Purse Seine Salmon Fishery AGENCY: National Marine... Salmon Fishery. DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before 5 p.m. EST April 13, 2012. ADDRESSES: Send... Seine Salmon Buyback, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910 (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  17. A Sein Island in renewable electric power autonomy? Analysis of the Government's project for the Sein Island

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flocard, Hubert; Le Gorgeu, Jean-Pierre

    2018-01-01

    Even if the Sein Island emits less CO 2 emissions than 700 vehicles, the Government set an objective of 50 per cent for renewable energy production within its multi-year energy planning (PPE). The objectives of the authors is herein to analyse the credibility of these PPE objectives, more particularly as far as electric power autonomy is concerned. They used available and precise data related to the island's energy consumption. They show that this 50 per cent coverage can indeed be reached, but with investments which are not justified when the population size and current resulting pollution are considered. They also outline that diesel engines will still be used from time to time, and that their emissions will not even be reduced as diesel units will not operate in optimal regime. Therefore, they regret that such objectives have been imposed to the island without any detailed preliminary study

  18. The beach-seine and gill-net fisheries are South Africa's oldest ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    Previous works on the South African gill-net and beach-seine ... catch and effort between four different regions along the South ... evaluate participation in and management of the ... mesh on the West Coast and the Southern and Eastern.

  19. (Medienbildung und Informatik. Informatische Bildung muss mehr als Coding sein!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Autenrieth

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Niemand kann die Wichtigkeit der Informatik für unsere Welt abstreiten. Fast jeder Aspekt unseres Lebens steht in einer bestimmten Art in Verbindung mit Software. Es ist daher logisch anzunehmen, dass Kinder die Fähigkeit benötigen die Technik, die sie verwenden, zu verstehen und diese auch kritisch zu betrachten. Dieser Umstand macht Informatik zu einem wichtigen Teilaspekt der Medienbildung. Weiterhin erweitern die Fortschritte aus der Computerentwicklung unsere Fähigkeit Probleme zu lösen in einer bisher unbekannten Dimension. SchülerInnen werden neue Fähigkeiten lernen und einüben müssen (Computational Thinking um diese revolutionären Veränderungen, die der technische Fortschritt mit sich bringt, auszunutzen. Die Schlüsselfrage wird dabei sein, welchen Ansatz man wählen wird, um diese Fähigkeiten auszubilden und welche politischen Beweggründe dahinterstehen. Die aktuelle politische Lage zeigt eine wirtschaftliche Orientierung, die ähnlich ist zur Stärkung der MINT-Fächer vor einigen Jahren, welche ebenfalls von der Wirtschaft gefordert wurde. Bildung muss jedoch mehr sein als die Erfüllung von aus der Wirtschaft stammenden Wünschen. Nobody can deny the importance of computer science for today’s world. Almost every aspect of our daily lives is somehow connected to a piece of software. It is therefore only logical to assume that our children need the ability to comprehend and critically examine the technology they are using, which makes computer science an important issue for media education. Furthermore, advances in computing have expanded our capacity to solve problems at a scale never before imagined, using strategies that have not been available to us before. Students will need to learn and practice new skills — computational thinking skills — to take full advantage of these revolutionary changes brought about by rapid changes in technology. The key issue will be the approach on how to teach children these skills

  20. Infection par le VIH chez les patientes atteintes de cancer du sein en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'objectif était de déterminer la prévalence de l'infection à VIH chez les patientes atteintes de cancer du sein et de comparer les caractéristiques anatomocliques et thérapeutiques de ces cancers du sein par rapports aux patientes non infectées par le VIH. Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective et analytique comparant les ...

  1. Biodegradation of Mexel 432 By Bacteria From the Seine River

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allonier, A.S.; Khalanski, M.

    1996-01-01

    This report deals with a study of the biodegradation of a filmogenic organic product (Mexel 432) usable in the fight against corrosion, scale and fouling, presenting a certain interest in the research of processes enabling a functional and environmental efficiency for the cooling systems of thermal power stations. The study of the degradation of this product is followed by a global colorimetric method. It shows that the product is stable on the long-term in demineralized water. On the other hand, its rate of disappearance in river waters is significant (50 % in 2 or 3 days). In this phenomenon of disappearance, biodegradation seems to play a part. Some bacteria from the natural environment (river Seine) have been isolated. Two of them seem to play a significant part, since they can degrade the product in three weeks. During the degradation, the amines with long chains (more than six carbons) of the Mexel, measured by the colorimetric method, disappear. The other compounds generated by the biodegradation process are not identified. (authors)

  2. USE OF MIRROR PATTERN CUTTING OF NETTING MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF LAKE BEACH SEINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Nazarov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Justification and calculation of a new methodological approach to the construction of a standard beach seine (502 / 302 х 3.75 with the use of the properties of mirror netting ensuring the saving of the netting material, reduction of weight, price and drag resistance. Methodology. The carp age group selectivity of the constructed seine was assessed within fish fauna monitoring based on the catch analysis of monitoring gill nets with mesh sizes of 30-130 mm according to generally accepted methods [9, 10]. Calculation of netting materials and ropes was carried out according to generally accepted methods [12-14]. Seine resistance was calculated according to N. T. Senin formula for different netting materials and the angles of the movement of different seine parts in water [2]. The gear reliability and data processing were carried out according to standard methods [11, 14, 15]. Findings. A variant of the construction of the maximum lightweight beach lake seines made of mirror pattern netting taking into account the properties of the mirror pattern netting material, reduction of weight, price and drag resistance has been proposed. The provided recalculation of the properties of a serial seine made of rhombic mesh for the mirror netting seine taking into account netting properties allowed: 1 reducing the seine drag resistance value by 1,4 times; 2 reducing the weight of netting materials by 16.3% compared to the prototype; 3 increasing the seine selectivity when fishing older age groups of carp in non-drainable ponds. Originality. We presented the method of the calculation and construction of lake beach seines made of mirror netting, analyzed the technological stages of the construction of mirror netting, determined main qualitative and technological parameters, which had effect on the conditions of the construction and reliability of such fishing gears. A new method of the use of an insert of the combined netting material cutting ensuring

  3. Reactive transport modeling of nitrogen in Seine River sediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbarzadeh, Z.; Laverman, A.; Raimonet, M.; Rezanezhad, F.; Van Cappellen, P.

    2016-02-01

    Biogeochemical processes in sediments have a major impact on the fate and transport of nitrogen (N) in river systems. Organic matter decomposition in bottom sediments releases inorganic N species back to the stream water, while denitrification, anammox and burial of organic matter remove bioavailable N from the aquatic environment. To simulate N cycling in river sediments, a multi-component reactive transport model has been developed in MATLAB®. The model includes 3 pools of particulate organic N, plus pore water nitrate, nitrite, nitrous oxide and ammonium. Special attention is given to the production and consumption of nitrite, a N species often neglected in early diagenetic models. Although nitrite is usually considered to be short-lived, elevated nitrite concentrations have been observed in freshwater streams, raising concerns about possible toxic effects. We applied the model to sediment data sets collected at two locations in the Seine River, one upstream, the other downstream, of the largest wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) of the Paris conurbation. The model is able to reproduce the key features of the observed pore water depth profiles of the different nitrogen species. The modeling results show that the presence of oxygen in the overlying water plays a major role in controlling the exchanges of nitrite between the sediments and the stream water. In August 2012, sediments upstream of the WWTP switch from being a sink to a source of nitrite as the overlying water becomes anoxic. Downstream sediments remain a nitrite sink in oxic and anoxic conditions. Anoxic bottom waters at the upstream location promote denitrification, which produces nitrite, while at the downstream site, anammox and DNRA are important removal processes of nitrite.

  4. Precision and relative effectiveness of a purse seine for sampling age-0 river herring in lakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devine, Matthew T.; Roy, Allison; Whiteley, Andrew R.; Gahagan, Benjamin I.; Armstrong, Michael P.; Jordaan, Adrian

    2018-01-01

    Stock assessments for anadromous river herring, collectively Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus and Blueback Herring A. aestivalis, lack adequate demographic information, particularly with respect to early life stages. Although sampling adult river herring is increasingly common throughout their range, currently no standardized, field‐based, analytical methods exist for estimating juvenile abundance in freshwater lakes. The objective of this research was to evaluate the relative effectiveness and sampling precision of a purse seine for estimating densities of age‐0 river herring in freshwater lakes. We used a purse seine to sample age‐0 river herring in June–September 2015 and June–July 2016 in 16 coastal freshwater lakes in the northeastern USA. Sampling effort varied from two seine hauls to more than 50 seine hauls per lake. Catch rates were highest in June and July, and sampling precision was maximized in July. Sampling at night (versus day) in open water (versus littoral areas) was most effective for capturing newly hatched larvae and juveniles up to ca. 100 mm TL. Bootstrap simulation results indicated that sampling precision of CPUE estimates increased with sampling effort, and there was a clear threshold beyond which increased effort resulted in negligible increases in precision. The effort required to produce precise CPUE estimates, as determined by the CV, was dependent on lake size; river herring densities could be estimated with up to 10 purse‐seine hauls (one‐two nights) in a small lake (50 ha). Fish collection techniques using a purse seine as described in this paper are likely to be effective for estimating recruit abundance of river herring in freshwater lakes across their range.

  5. Afrique-sur-Seine: A new trend in Francophone African literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Наталья Сергеевна Найденова

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the prerequisites and main stage of formation of a new trend in francophone African literature commonly known as Afrique-sur-Seine. The article outlines its main characteristic features and touches upon its development prospects.

  6. Fecal bacteria in the rivers of the Seine drainage network (France): sources, fate and modelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servais, Pierre; Garcia-Armisen, Tamara; George, Isabelle; Billen, Gilles

    2007-04-01

    The Seine river watershed (France) is a deeply anthropogenically impacted area, due to the high population density, intense industrial activities and intensive agriculture. The water quality and ecological functioning of the different rivers of the Seine drainage network have been extensively studied during the last fifteen years within the framework of a large French multidisciplinary scientific program (PIREN Seine program). This paper presents a synthesis of the main data gained in the scope of this program concerning the microbiological water contamination of the rivers of the Seine drainage network. The more common indicator of fecal contamination (fecal coliforms) was mainly used; some complementary works used E. coli and intestinal enterococci as alternative fecal indicators. Point sources (outfall of wastewater treatment plants) and non point sources (surface runoff and soil leaching) of fecal pollution to the rivers of the watershed were quantified. Results showed that, at the scale of a large urbanised watershed as the Seine basin, the input of fecal micro-organisms by non-point sources is much lower than the inputs by point sources. However, the local impact of diffuse non-human sources (especially surface runoff of pastured fields) can be of major importance on the microbiological quality of small headwater rivers. Fecal contamination of the main rivers of the Seine watershed (Seine, Marne, Oise rivers) was studied showing high level of microbiological pollution when compared to European guidelines for bathing waters. The strong negative impact of treated wastewater effluents outfall on the microbiological quality of receiving rivers was observed in different areas of the watershed. Once released in rivers, culturable fecal bacteria disappeared relatively rapidly due to mortality (protozoan grazing, lysis) or loss of culturability induced by stress conditions (sunlight effect, nutrient concentration, temperature). Mortality rates of E. coli were studied

  7. Survie au cancer du sein à Rabat (Maroc) 2005-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mechita, Nada Bennani; Tazi, Mohammed Adnane; Er-Raki, Abdelouahed; Mrabet, Mustapha; Saadi, Asma; Benjaafar, Noureddine; Razine, Rachid

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Le cancer du sein représente un problème de santé publique au Maroc. L’objectif de ce travail était d’estimer le taux de survie au cancer du sein chez les patientes habitant la ville de Rabat. Méthodes Etude pronostique réalisée chez les patientes diagnostiquées pour cancer du sein de 2005 à 2008, habitant la ville de Rabat et enregistrées au registre des cancers de Rabat. La date d’inclusion dans l’étude correspondait à la date de confirmation histologique du cancer. L’estimation de la survie a été réalisée par la méthode de Kaplan Meier, et la comparaison entre les différentes classes d’une variable a été réalisée par le test de log rank. L’étude des facteurs associés à la survie a été effectuée par le modèle de Cox. Résultats Durant la période d’étude 628 cas de cancer du sein ont été collectés. Le pourcentage de décès était de 19,9%. La survie globale à un an était de 97,1%, elle était de 89,2% à 3 ans et de 80,6 % à 5 ans. En analyse multivariée la survie au cancer du sein était statistiquement moins bonne chez les patientes âgées de plus de 70 ans (p<0,001), ayantune grande taille de tumeur (p<0,001), un stade avancé d’adénopathies (p=0,007), présentant des métastases (p<0,001) et non traitées par hormonothérapie (p=0,002). Conclusion Une grande taille de la tumeur et la présence de métastases sont des facteurs de mauvais pronostic du cancer du sein d’où la nécessité de renforcer les programmes de dépistage. PMID:28292106

  8. 50 CFR 216.24 - Taking and related acts incidental to commercial fishing operations by tuna purse seine vessels...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... including the use of the high intensity lighting system. In the event a sundown set occurs where the seine... International Review Panel, prosecution by the United States is not recommended. Any such recommendation will be...

  9. Modélisation environnementale de l'estuaire de la Seine

    OpenAIRE

    Bacq, Nicolas; Cugier, Philippe; Grasso, Florent; Le Gendre, Romain; Le Hir, Pierre; Lemoine, Jean-philippe; Riou, Philippe; Schulz, Elisabeth; Thouvenin, Benedicte; Verney, Romaric

    2015-01-01

    Dans le cadre du programme de recherche Seine-Aval 5, différentes stratégies de modélisation numérique sont mises en place pour aider à répondre aux questionnements scientifiques et sociétaux associés au fonctionnement physique, biologique, chimique et écologique de l'estuaire de la Seine (ex. projets RESET et HYMOSED). Les forçages météo-marins (vent, vague, marée) et hydrologique (débit) contrôlent le fonctionnement hydro-morpho-sédimentaire et biogéochimique de l'estuaire, modifiant ainsi ...

  10. Estimating seabed pressure from demersal trawls, seines, and dredges based on gear design and dimensions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eigaard, Ole Ritzau; Bastardie, Francois; Breen, Mike

    2016-01-01

    such as logbook data. Here, we take a different approach starting from the gear itself (design and dimensions) to estimate the physical interactions with the seabed at the level of the individual fishing operation. We defined 14 distinct towed gear groups in European waters (eight otter trawl groups, three beam...... trawl groups, two demersal seine groups, and one dredge group), for which we established gear “footprints”. The footprint of a gear is defined as the relative contribution from individual larger gear components, such as trawl doors, sweeps, and groundgear, to the total area and severity of the gear...... to enable the prediction of gear footprint area and sediment penetration from vessel size. Application of these relationships with average vessel sizes and towing speeds provided hourly swept-area estimates by métier. Scottish seining has the largest overall gear footprint of ∼1.6 km2 h−1 of which 0.08 km2...

  11. Love and Grace in Heidegger´s 'Sein und Zeit'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Östman, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Martin Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit presents one of the most striking reflexions on human facticity, i.e. the fact that Dasein fundamentally exists in a world letting Dasein and world be co-extensive. By quoting two central personages in theology, Pascal and Augustine, Heidegger refers to a concept...... of love that is constitutive for Dasein’s facticity to truth and to knowledge. By investigating the claim that love is as good as absent from Sein und Zeit, the article intends to show that the scanty references to love nevertheless have a central role in Heidegger’s early work and, furthermore, why...... Heidegger returns to it in his later thinking. Interesting in this regard is the connection between the theological concept of love and Heidegger’s concept of ‘world’. The article places Heidegger’s Destruktion of the metaphysical tradition in the realms of his Dasein analysis focussing on facticity. Taking...

  12. MENYOAL KESENJANGAN ANTARA DAS SOLLEN ISLAM DENGAN DAS SEIN PRAKSIS KEHIDUPAN KAUM MUSLIMIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Suyono

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:This paper embarks from the question why the valuable Islamic ethics cannot be ethos grounded in the nation-state Muslim majority country-including in Indonesia? Phenomena such as the majlis taklim, majlis dhikr, interest pilgrimage exceeds the quota, the Islamic banking activity is equally excited, is real. However, it is not enough. Muslims should master the science, economics, and the strategic role of national politics. Islamic ethics is Dassollen, the Muslims condition is DasSein. ProphetMuḥammad has abled to unite Das sein andDassollenin his life, because Islam hasbecomehis bloodso that he is a mirror and store front of Islampar excellence. Muslims, as his follower, not been able todo like him. Al-Amir ArsalanSyākib, Muḥammad ‘Abduh, MohammadIqbal, Muḥammadal-Ghazālī, Ḥassan Ḥanafihavetried to formulatehow tobridge the gapbetween Das sollenandDasSein forMuslims. Theyhave adeep concern about thewide gapbetweenDasSeinpraxis in life of Muslims with DassollenIslamicteachings in slogan ya’lu walā yu’la ‘alaih. Whileatthe same timetheyseehowthe berufethos of Calvinismcouldencouragethe ethos ofmoderncapitalismto its adherentsin Western Europe, a Zen Buddhistethoscouldpushthe Japaneseintothe Asiantigers, andspirit Confucius encouragethe Korean peopleintothe Asiandragon. Abstrak:Tulisan ini berangkat dari pertanyaan mengapa etika Islam yang adiluhung itu tidak bisa membumi menjadi etos bangsa di negara-negara yang mayoritas penduduknya Muslim–termasuk di Indonesia. Fenomena seperti majlis taklim, majlis zikir, minat menunaikan ibadah haji melebihi kuota, aktivitas perbankan syariah tak kalah bersemangat, adalah nyata. Namun, itu tidak cukup. Umat Islam seharusnya lebih dari itu dalam penguasaan ilmu pengetahuan, ekonomi, dan peran strategis politik kebangsaan. Etika Islam itulah Das Sollen, keadaan kaum Muslimin itulah Das Sein. Muhammad Rasulullah telah mampu menyatukan Das Sein dan Das Sollen dalam hidupnya. Hal

  13. RRS "Discovery" Cruise 282, 30 Jun - 01 Aug 2003. The environment and ecology of Seine and Sedlo Seamounts, NE Atlantic

    OpenAIRE

    Bett, B.J.

    2004-01-01

    The general aim of the cruise is to undertake a range of physical, chemical and biological investigations on and around Seine and Sedlo Seamounts. Specific objectives for the cruise included: a) the recovery of two current meter moorings from Seine Seamount (originally deployed from FS Poseidon in March 2004); b) to make underway observations of upper water column currents and zooplankton migrations (using ADCPs and 10 kHz echosounder); c) to assess water column hydrography, primary productio...

  14. ''Distribution and behaviour of plutonium in the waters of the channel and of the seine estuary''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia, K.

    1997-01-01

    Excess dissolved plutonium has been measured in the coastal waters of the Channel, from Granville to Boulogne, probably due to sorption-desorption processus. In the Seine estuary, in situ measurements and experimental studies showed that the plutonium desorbs himself from particles in low salinity waters. The desorbed plutonium originates in marine and/or fluvial dissolved Pu. Marine dissolved Pu(V), originating from La Hague plant discharges and from atlantic waters, is reduced and sorbed when the salinity decreases onto estuarial particles: Isotopic Activity Ration 238 Pu/ 239 , Pu(IR) of marine dissolved Pu(V) is about 0.7. Fluvial dissolved plutonium originates from atmospheric fallout and from an internal river source: fallout plutonium (IR=0.05) is unreactive with salinity while 45% of river plutonium (IR>1.7) flocculates at 0.5 g l -1 . Desorbed plutonium may have various origins, depending on the Seine liquid discharges and on the tidal coefficient. When the marine waters do not migrate upstream, the low salinity waters encounters particles marked essentially with marine plutonium and the IR of desorbed Pu is about 0.7. The activities of desorbed plutonium are too low to have any influence on the distribution of plutonium in the coastal waters on the Seine Bay. When the marine waters migrate upstream, the low salinity waters meet particles marked essentially with river plutonium (IR>1.7) and desorbed plutonium has a very high IR. These estuarine conditions are encountered five to seven month a year and implicate an increase of the IR of 0.1 of the plutonium present in the coastal waters of the Seine bay (1.2.-1.3.). (author)

  15. Quantifying seining detection probability for fishes of Great Plains sand‐bed rivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mollenhauer, Robert; Logue, Daniel R.; Brewer, Shannon K.

    2018-01-01

    Species detection error (i.e., imperfect and variable detection probability) is an essential consideration when investigators map distributions and interpret habitat associations. When fish detection error that is due to highly variable instream environments needs to be addressed, sand‐bed streams of the Great Plains represent a unique challenge. We quantified seining detection probability for diminutive Great Plains fishes across a range of sampling conditions in two sand‐bed rivers in Oklahoma. Imperfect detection resulted in underestimates of species occurrence using naïve estimates, particularly for less common fishes. Seining detection probability also varied among fishes and across sampling conditions. We observed a quadratic relationship between water depth and detection probability, in which the exact nature of the relationship was species‐specific and dependent on water clarity. Similarly, the direction of the relationship between water clarity and detection probability was species‐specific and dependent on differences in water depth. The relationship between water temperature and detection probability was also species dependent, where both the magnitude and direction of the relationship varied among fishes. We showed how ignoring detection error confounded an underlying relationship between species occurrence and water depth. Despite imperfect and heterogeneous detection, our results support that determining species absence can be accomplished with two to six spatially replicated seine hauls per 200‐m reach under average sampling conditions; however, required effort would be higher under certain conditions. Detection probability was low for the Arkansas River Shiner Notropis girardi, which is federally listed as threatened, and more than 10 seine hauls per 200‐m reach would be required to assess presence across sampling conditions. Our model allows scientists to estimate sampling effort to confidently assess species occurrence, which

  16. Modelling microbiological water quality in the Seine river drainage network: past, present and future situations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Servais

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The Seine river watershed is characterized by a high population density and intense agricultural activities. Data show low microbiological water quality in the main rivers (Seine, Marne, Oise of the watershed. Today, there is an increasing pressure from different social groups to restore microbiological water quality in order to both increase the safety of drinking water production and to restore the possible use of these rivers for bathing and rowing activities, as they were in the past. A model, appended to the hydro-ecological SENEQUE/Riverstrahler model describing the functioning of large river systems, was developed to describe the dynamics of faecal coliforms (FC, the most usual faecal contamination indicator. The model is able to calculate the distribution of FC concentrations in the whole drainage network resulting from land use and wastewater management in the watershed. The model was validated by comparing calculated FC concentrations with available field data for some well-documented situations in different river stretches of the Seine drainage network. Once validated, the model was used to test various predictive scenarios, as, for example, the impact of the modifications in wastewater treatment planned at the 2012 horizon in the Seine watershed in the scope of the implementation of the european water framework directive. The model was also used to investigate past situations. In particular, the variations of the microbiological water quality in the Parisian area due to population increase and modifications in wastewater management were estimated over the last century. It was shown that the present standards for bathing and other aquatic recreational activities are not met in the large tributaries upstream from Paris since the middle of the 1950's, and at least since the middle of the XIXth century in the main branch of the Seine river downstream from Paris. Efforts carried out for improving urban wastewater treatment in terms

  17. Impact of boat generated waves over an estuarine intertidal zone of the Seine estuary (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deloffre, Julien; Lafite, Robert

    2015-04-01

    Water movements in macrotidal estuaries are controlled by the tidal regime modulated seasonally by the fluvial discharge. Wind effect on hydrodynamics and sediment transport is also reported at the mouth. Besides estuaries are frequently man altered our knowledge on the human impact on hydrodynamics and sediment transport is less extended. As an example on the Seine estuary (France) port authorities have put emphasis on facilitating economic exchanges by means of embankment building and increased dredging activity over the last century. These developments led to secure sea vessel traffic in the Seine estuary but they also resulted in a change of estuarine hydrodynamics and sediment transport features. Consequences of boat generated waves are varied: increased water turbidity and sediment transfer, release of nutrient and contaminants in the water column, harmful to users, ecosystems and infrastructures generating important maintenance spending. The aim of this study is to analyse the impact of boat generated waves on sediment transport over an intertidal area. The studied site is located on the left bank in the fluvial part of the Seine estuary. On this site the maximum tidal range ranges between 1.25 and 3.5m respectively during neap and spring tide. The sampling strategy is based on continuous ADV acquisition at 4Hz coupled with turbidimeter and altimeter measurements (1 measurement every minute) in order to decipher sediment dynamics during one year. Our results indicate that sediment dynamics are controlled by river flow while medium term scale evolution is dependent on tidal range and short term dynamics on sea-vessels waves. 64% of boat passages generated significant sediment reworking (from few mm.min-1 to 3cm.min-1). This reworking rate is mainly controlled by two parameters: (i) water height on the site and (ii) vessels characteristics; in particular the distance between seabed and keel that generate a Bernoulli wave (with maximum amplitude of 0.6m

  18. Cancer du sein au Maroc: profil phénotypique des tumeurs | Khalil ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le cancer du sein est le plus fréquent chez la femme et figure parmi les principales causes de mortalité liée au cancer. La curabilité de ce type tumoral est en augmentation, grâce aux programmes de dépistage et aux progrès thérapeutiques, qui ont certes augmenté la survie des patients. Mais des défis restent à relever en ...

  19. Kunnan strateginen johtaminen - tutkimus Seinänaapurikuntien strategiaprosessien ominaispiirteistä ja kunnanjohtajista strategisina johtajina

    OpenAIRE

    Rannisto, Pasi-Heikki

    2005-01-01

    Tutkimusmenetelmät ja tutkimustehtävä Tutkimuksen tehtävänä on selvittää kunnan strategiaprosessi ja strateginen johtaminen kunnanjohtajan kannalta sekä kunnanjohtajan rooli strategian käytäntöön viemisessä. Tutkimuksen kohdekuntina ovat Etelä-Pohjanmaalle sijoittuvan Seinänaapurit -seutukunnan seitsemän kuntaa. Tutkimuksessa tarkastellaan ja arvioidaan kohdekuntien strategiaprosesseja ja kunnanjohtajien toimintaa strategioiden maastouttajina. Lähdeaineistona ovat kansainvälinen strat...

  20. Interactions between small cetaceans and the purse-seine fishery in western Portuguese waters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wise

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Marine mammal interactions with Portuguese purse-seine fisheries operating in four different ports (Figueira da Foz, Sesimbra, Setúbal, Sines were studied (July-October 2003. Observers accompanied commercial fishing vessels and monitored 48 fishing trips. An interview survey of skippers was also carried out (n = 36. Three species of marine mammals were observed in 31 sightings during the commercials trips but only the species Delphinus delphis and the category Delphinidae were observed to interact with fishing activities. Small cetaceans were observed to sink, gather or disperse school fishes and damage gear. Mean CPUE and fishing effort values did not change significantly in the presence of dolphins (H = 0.06 and H = 0, both p>0.05. Results from Figueira da Foz indicate that cetaceans are attracted to fishing grounds with a high abundance of their prey-species. Fishermen reported three by-catch events off Figueira da Foz. Compared with other fisheries, purse-seine fishing does not seem to be among the most damaging to marine mammals.

  1. Modelling the spatial behaviour of a tropical tuna purse seine fleet.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim K Davies

    Full Text Available Industrial tuna fisheries operate in the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, but concerns over sustainability and environmental impacts of these fisheries have resulted in increased scrutiny of how they are managed. An important but often overlooked factor in the success or failure of tuna fisheries management is the behaviour of fishers and fishing fleets. Uncertainty in how a fishing fleet will respond to management or other influences can be reduced by anticipating fleet behaviour, although to date there has been little research directed at understanding and anticipating the human dimension of tuna fisheries. The aim of this study was to address gaps in knowledge of the behaviour of tuna fleets, using the Indian Ocean tropical tuna purse seine fishery as a case study. We use statistical modelling to examine the factors that influence the spatial behaviour of the purse seine fleet at broad spatiotemporal scales. This analysis reveals very high consistency between years in the use of seasonal fishing grounds by the fleet, as well as a forcing influence of biophysical ocean conditions on the distribution of fishing effort. These findings suggest strong inertia in the spatial behaviour of the fleet, which has important implications for predicting the response of the fleet to natural events or management measures (e.g., spatial closures.

  2. Lasten ulkovaatteiden kevät-kesämalliston seinäesillepano-ohje : case: Reima Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Järvenoja, Annika

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö tehtiin Reima Oy:lle. Työn tavoitteena oli kerätä asiakkaiden mielipiteitä lasten ulkovaatteiden seinäesillepanoista. Tutkimuksen pohjalta tehtiin seinäesillepano-ohje kevät-kesämallistolle. Reiman omat myymälät sijaitsevat pääosin Kiinassa, Suomessa ja Venäjällä. Kevät-kesämalliston tuotteiden vaihtelevuus välikausivaatteista ohuisiin aurinkosuojavaatteisiin koettiin myymälässä haasteelliseksi. Tavoitteena on tutkia lisäksi, mistä maiden kulttuurien eroavaisuudet johtuvat, ja mi...

  3. Une autre nature en ville: l'aménagement de la boucle nord des Hauts-de-Seine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Carré

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Confined to parks and forests, nature in French urban areas has been used as an instrument for urban planners and developers. Recent urban projects have sought to give natural systems a fuller role in territorial development. This new function can be considered a radically new approach. At the same time, current redevelopment projects must also integrate existing facilities. The redevelopment of the banks of the Seine by the Hauts-de-Seine council is a good example of this new role that nature can play in urban revitalisation. Maps show the constraints and issues that must be taken into account.

  4. Geochemistry of dissolved and suspended loads of the Seine River, France: anthropogenic impact, carbonate and silicate weathering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, S.; Gaillardet, J.; Allègre, C. J.

    1999-05-01

    This study focuses on the chemistry of the Seine river system, one of the major rivers in Europe, and constitutes the first geochemical investigation of both suspended and dissolved loads of this river. The Seine river drains a typical Mesozoic-Cenozoic sedimentary basin: the Paris basin, constituted of limestones mixed or interbedded with terrigenous sediments derived from the paleoreliefs bordering the Mesozoic and Cenozoic seas. In the context of quantifying the global influence of carbonate and silicate weathering on atmospheric CO 2 consumption, the Seine river offers the possibility of examining weathering rates in a flat sedimentary environment, under temperate climatic conditions. One of the major problems associated with the Seine river, as with many temperate rivers, is pollution. We propose, in this paper, 2 approaches in order to correct the dissolved load of the Seine river for anthropogenic inputs and to calculate weathering rates of carbonates and silicates. The first uses the dissolved load of rivers and tries to allocate the different solutes to different sources. A mixing model, based on elemental ratios, is established and solved by an inversion technique. The second approach consists in using the suspended load geochemistry. Under steady state conditions, we show that the geochemistry of suspended sediments makes it possible to estimate the amount of solutes released during the chemical weathering of silicates, and thus to calculate weathering rates of silicates. The total dissolved load of the Seine river at Paris can be decomposed into 2% of solutes derived from natural atmospheric sources, 7% derived from anthropogenic atmospheric sources, 6% derived from agriculture, 3% derived from communal inputs, and 82% of solutes derived from rock weathering. During high floods, the contribution of atmospheric and agriculture inputs predominates. The weathering rate of carbonates is estimated to be 48 t/km 2/yr (25 mm/1000 yr). Only 10% of carbonates

  5. Suivi après le traitement du cancer du sein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sisler, Jeffrey; Chaput, Geneviève; Sussman, Jonathan; Ozokwelu, Emmanuel

    2016-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Offrir aux médecins de famille un résumé des recommandations fondées sur les données probantes pour guider les soins aux survivantes traitées pour le cancer du sein. Qualité des données Une recherche documentaire a été effectuée dans MEDLINE entre 2000 et 2016 à l’aide des mots-clés anglais suivants : breast cancer, survivorship, follow-up care, aftercare, guidelines et survivorship care plans, en se concentrant sur la revue des lignes directrices publiées récemment par les organismes nationaux de cancérologie. Les données étaient de niveaux I à III. Message principal Les soins aux survivantes comportent 4 facettes : surveillance et dépistage, prise en charge des effets à long terme, promotion de la santé et coordination des soins. La surveillance des récidives ne se traduit que par une mammographie annuelle, et le dépistage d’autres cancers doit suivre les lignes directrices basées sur la population. La prise en charge des effets à long terme du cancer et de son traitement aborde des problèmes courants tels la douleur, la fatigue, le lymphœdème, la détresse et les effets indésirables des médicaments, de même que les préoccupations à long terme comme la santé du cœur et des os. La promotion de la santé met en relief les bienfaits de l’activité chez les survivantes du cancer, avec l’accent mis sur l’activité physique. Les soins aux survivantes sont de meilleure qualité lorsque divers services et professionnels de la santé participent aux soins, et le médecin de famille joue un rôle important dans la coordination des soins. Conclusion Les médecins de famille sont de plus en plus souvent les principaux fournisseurs de soins de suivi après le traitement du cancer du sein. Le cancer du sein doit être considéré comme une affection médicale chronique, même chez les femmes en rémission, et les patientes profitent de la même approche que celle utilisée pour les autres affections chroniques en

  6. Urban metabolism and river systems: an historical perspective – Paris and the Seine, 1790–1970

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Barles

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyse metabolic interaction between Paris and the Seine during the industrial era, 1790–1970, a period marked by strong population growth, technological changes, and the absence of specific legislation on environmental issues. The viewpoint focuses on exchanges of waters and wastes between city and river, quantifying them and tracing their evolution in the light of the strategies implemented by the stakeholders in charge. The study combines industrial ecology, local history and the history of technology. From 1790 to 1850, waste matters, and especially excreta, were considered as raw materials, not refuse: they generated real profits. The removal of human excreta aimed not only at improving urban hygiene, but at producing the fertilizers needed in rural areas. Discharging them into the river was out of the question. But after the 1860s, several factors upset this exploitation, notably domestic water supply: night soil became more and more liquid, difficult to handle and to turn into fertilizer; once utilised, the water had to be removed from the house; at the same time, the sewerage system developed and had negative impacts on the river. Even so, Parisian engineers continued to process sewage using techniques that would not only ensure hygiene but also conciliate economic and agricultural interests: combined sewerage system and sewage farms. Both of these early periods are thus noteworthy for a relative limitation of the river's deterioration by urban wastes. Not until the 1920s, when domestic water supply had become the standard and excreta came to be considered as worthless waste, was the principle of valorisation abandoned. This led to important and long-lasting pollution of the Seine (despite the construction of a treatment plant, aggravating the industrial pollution that had been in evidence since the 1840s. Analysing the priorities that led to the adoption of one principle or another in matters of urban

  7. 50 CFR 216.92 - Dolphin-safe requirements for tuna harvested in the ETP by large purse seine vessels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dolphin-safe requirements for tuna... MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling § 216.92 Dolphin-safe requirements for tuna harvested in the ETP by large purse seine vessels. (a) U.S...

  8. Socio-natural dynamics of COGEPOMI plans for diadromous-fish management on the Garonne and Seine rivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BARTHÉLÉMY, Carole

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Comparison of two Committees for diadromous-fish management on the Garonne and Seine rivers raises questions on the different types of biodiversity management. What are the strong points, the weak points? What lessons may be drawn for collaborative biodiversity management?

  9. Chelles (Seine-et-Marne). 10-18, rue Sainte-Bathilde.

    OpenAIRE

    Paccard, Nathalie

    2018-01-01

    Après un diagnostic réalisé en 2011, une fouille a été menée durant l’été 2013 sur une emprise de près de 2 000 m2, au sud du centre historique de Chelles. Ce secteur, qui est la zone d’investigation la plus méridionale du bourg médiéval, est encore très mal connu. Il s’agit au xviiie s. d’un espace dévolu au jardin de l’abbaye. La fouille a porté essentiellement sur une aire empierrée, reconnue sur près de 1 000 m2 au sein de l’espace décapé, mais qui se poursuit au-delà des limites d’empris...

  10. Estimating escapement of fish and invertebrates in a Danish anchor seine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noack, Thomas; Madsen, Niels; Mieske, Bernd

    2017-01-01

    The codend is generally presumed to be the place where the main selectivity of fish occurs in towed fishing gears, but other parts of the net have been found to contribute to the selectivity process of several invertebrate species. This means that conventional selectivity or survival studies may......) invertebrates from the forward parts of the seine net. For seven species of demersal fish, most fish escaped through the lower panel close to the codend. All invertebrate species were found in higher numbers in the collecting bags than in the codend where many organisms escaped in the lower panel of the wings...... or the belly. Mean levels of visible damage ranged from 1.00 to 3.25 for collected invertebrates and were similar for all gear parts. Common starfish (Asterias rubens), however, showed highest damage in the extension part of the net....

  11. Estimation of seafloor impact from demersal trawls, seines and dredges based on gear design and dimensions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eigaard, Ole Ritzau; Bastardie, Francois; Breen, Michael

    a different approach using the gear itself (design and dimensions) for understanding and estimation of the physical interactions with the seafloor at the individual fishing operation level. With reference to the métier groupings of EU logbooks, we defined 17 distinct towed gear groups in European waters (11...... otter trawl groups, 3 beam trawl groups, 2 demersal seine groups, and 1 dredge group), for which we established seafloor “footprints”. The footprint of a gear was defined as the relative contribution from individual larger gear components, such as the trawl doors, sweeps and ground gear, to the total...... types based on a review of the scientific literature. For each defined gear group a vessel-size (kW or total length) – gear size (total gear width or circumference) relationship was estimated to enable the prediction of gear footprint area and sediment penetration from vessel size. The implications...

  12. Potential denitrification and nitrous oxide production in the sediments of the Seine River Drainage Network (France).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garnier, Josette A; Mounier, Emmanuelle M; Laverman, Anniet M; Billen, Gilles F

    2010-01-01

    To investigate bottom sediment denitrification at the scale of the Seine drainage network, a semi-potential denitrification assay was used in which river sediments (and riparian soils) were incubated for a few hours under anaerobic conditions with non limiting nitrate concentrations. This method allowed the nitrous oxide (N(2)O) concentration in the headspace, as well as the nitrate, nitrite, and ammonium concentrations to be determined during incubation. The rates at which nitrate decreased and N(2)O increased were then used to assess the potential denitrification activity and associated N(2)O production in the Seine River Basin. We observed a longitudinal pattern characterized by a significant increase of the potential rate of denitrification from upstream sectors to large downstream rivers (orders 7-8), from approximately 3.3 to 9.1 microg NO(3)(-)-N g(-1) h(-1), respectively, while the N(2)O production rates was the highest both in headwaters and in large order rivers (0.14 and 0.09 N(2)O-N g(-1) h(-1), respectively) and significantly lower in the intermediate sectors (0.01 and 0.03 N(2)O-N g(-1) h(-1)). Consequently, the ratio N(2)O production:NO(3) reduction was found to reach 5% in headstreams, whereas it averaged 1.2% in the rest of the drainage network, an intermediate percentage being found for the riparian soils. Finally, the ignition loss of sediments, together with other redundant variables (particulate organic carbon content: g C 100 g(-1) dry weight [dw], moisture: g water 100 g(-1) dw, sediment size production.

  13. Agriculture and groundwater nitrate contamination in the Seine basin. The STICS-MODCOU modelling chain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ledoux, E.; Gomez, E.; Monget, J.M.; Viavattene, C.; Viennot, P.; Ducharne, A.; Benoit, M.; Mignolet, C.; Schott, C.; Mary, B.

    2007-01-01

    A software package is presented here to predict the fate of nitrogen fertilizers and the transport of nitrate from the rooting zone of agricultural areas to surface water and groundwater in the Seine basin, taking into account the long residence times of water and nitrate in the unsaturated and aquifer systems. Information on pedological characteristics, land use and farming practices is used to determine the spatial units to be considered. These data are converted into input data for the crop model STICS which simulates the water and nitrogen balances in the soil-plant system with a daily time-step. A spatial application of STICS has been derived at the catchment scale which computes the water and nitrate fluxes at the bottom of the rooting zone. These fluxes are integrated into a surface and groundwater coupled model MODCOU which calculates the daily water balance in the hydrological system, the flow in the rivers and the piezometric variations in the aquifers, using standard climatic data (rainfall, PET). The transport of nitrate and the evolution of nitrate contamination in groundwater and to rivers is computed by the model NEWSAM. This modelling chain is a valuable tool to predict the evolution of crop productivity and nitrate contamination according to various scenarios modifying farming practices and/or climatic changes. Data for the period 1970-2000 are used to simulate the past evolution of nitrogen contamination. The method has been validated using available data bases of nitrate concentrations in the three main aquifers of the Paris basin (Oligocene, Eocene and chalk). The approach has then been used to predict the future evolution of nitrogen contamination up to 2015. A statistical approach allowed estimating the probability of transgression of different concentration thresholds in various areas in the basin. The model is also used to evaluate the cost of the damage resulting of the treatment of drinking water at the scale of a groundwater management

  14. Estuarine conservation and restoration: the Somme and the Seine case studies (English Channel, France).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducrotoy, Jean-Paul; Dauvin, Jean-Claude

    2008-01-01

    Megatidal estuaries such as the Seine and the Somme (North-Western France) are rather well delimited and human impacts on them are well understood. Since the middle of the 19th Century, there has been a slow but irreversible degradation of the state of these English Channel estuaries. However, current conservation and restoration strategies tend to freeze habitats in a particular state, their status being defined, most often, through a patrimonial or utilitarian approach. Connectedness between biotopes (sensu habitat+community) has a tendency to be neglected, especially with regard to main ecological gradients, i.e., salinity. In this paper, evaluation methodologies are proposed with the intention of assessing changes to ecosystem functions, under anthropogenic disturbance, controlled or otherwise. The Seine (a heavily industrialised ecosystem) is compared to the Somme (considered here for its pseudo-natural features) in order to discriminate between oceanic processes (siltation and plugging of estuaries) and anthropogenic influences. Preservation and restoration of habitats rely on a robust scientific methodology. The multi-scale approach adopted in the projects presented here relies on sensitive socio-ecological assessment procedures, tools for evaluating ecological quality, and well-built monitoring programmes based upon pertinent indicators. Such managerial tools were used to refine strategies and make them compatible with the sustainable co-development of resources in a European context. This paper demonstrates how scientists were able to acquire and apply knowledge in the field of rehabilitation and restoration. Jointly with managers and policy-makers, they have brought scientific information and socio-economics together in order to answer questions about the restoration of sites or habitats and to anticipate future propositions in the spirit of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM).

  15. Ontogenetic optimal temperature and salinity envelops of the copepod Eurytemora affinis in the Seine estuary (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dur, Gaël; Souissi, Sami

    2018-01-01

    Temperature and salinity are important factors shaping the habitats of estuarine ectotherms. Their respective effect varies along the life history moments of species with a complex life cycle. Estuarine species, particularly those living in the salinity gradient, are concerned by habitat changes that can reduce their fitness. Consequently, efforts to define the importance of those two environmental variables on developmental stages are required to enable forecasting estuarine species' future distributions. The present study focuses on the main component of the Seine estuary's zooplankton, i.e. the calanoid copepod Eurytemora affinis, and aims: (i) to establish the role of temperature and salinity in designing the habitat of E. affinis within the Seine estuary; and (ii) to model the habitat of three groups of E. affinis defined through the life cycle as follows: all larval instars (N1-N6), the first to fourth juvenile instars (C1-C4), and the pre-adult and adults instars (C5-Adults). For this purpose, data from intensive field studies of zooplankton sampling during 2002-2010 were used. The fine-scale data, i.e., every 10-20 min, on density and abiotic conditions (salinity, temperature) provided inputs for the computation. We established regions in salinity-temperature space where the three groups of developmental instars exhibit higher densities. The computed habitats differ between developmental groups. In general, the preferendum of salinity increases with ontogeny. The optima of temperature are rather constant between developmental stages (∼14 °C). Our model can be used to determine E. affinis functional habitat (i.e., the spatial relation with structuring factors), to carry out retrospective analysis, and to test future distributions. The present study also emphasizes the need of data from appropriate sampling strategies to conduct habitat definition.

  16. Agriculture and groundwater nitrate contamination in the Seine basin. The STICS-MODCOU modelling chain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ledoux, E. [Centre de Geosciences, ENSMP, UMR Sisyphe, Fontainebleau (France)]. E-mail: emmanuel.ledoux@ensmp.fr; Gomez, E. [Centre de Geosciences, ENSMP, UMR Sisyphe, Fontainebleau (France); Monget, J.M. [Centre de Geosciences, ENSMP, UMR Sisyphe, Fontainebleau (France); Viavattene, C. [Centre de Geosciences, ENSMP, UMR Sisyphe, Fontainebleau (France); Viennot, P. [Centre de Geosciences, ENSMP, UMR Sisyphe, Fontainebleau (France); Ducharne, A. [Laboratoire Sisyphe, CNRS/Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France); Benoit, M. [INRA, Station de Recherche SAD, 662 avenue Louis Buffet, 88500 Mirecourt (France); Mignolet, C. [INRA, Station de Recherche SAD, 662 avenue Louis Buffet, 88500 Mirecourt (France); Schott, C. [INRA, Station de Recherche SAD, 662 avenue Louis Buffet, 88500 Mirecourt (France); Mary, B. [INRA, Unite d' Agronomie Laon-Reims-Mons, Laon (France)

    2007-04-01

    A software package is presented here to predict the fate of nitrogen fertilizers and the transport of nitrate from the rooting zone of agricultural areas to surface water and groundwater in the Seine basin, taking into account the long residence times of water and nitrate in the unsaturated and aquifer systems. Information on pedological characteristics, land use and farming practices is used to determine the spatial units to be considered. These data are converted into input data for the crop model STICS which simulates the water and nitrogen balances in the soil-plant system with a daily time-step. A spatial application of STICS has been derived at the catchment scale which computes the water and nitrate fluxes at the bottom of the rooting zone. These fluxes are integrated into a surface and groundwater coupled model MODCOU which calculates the daily water balance in the hydrological system, the flow in the rivers and the piezometric variations in the aquifers, using standard climatic data (rainfall, PET). The transport of nitrate and the evolution of nitrate contamination in groundwater and to rivers is computed by the model NEWSAM. This modelling chain is a valuable tool to predict the evolution of crop productivity and nitrate contamination according to various scenarios modifying farming practices and/or climatic changes. Data for the period 1970-2000 are used to simulate the past evolution of nitrogen contamination. The method has been validated using available data bases of nitrate concentrations in the three main aquifers of the Paris basin (Oligocene, Eocene and chalk). The approach has then been used to predict the future evolution of nitrogen contamination up to 2015. A statistical approach allowed estimating the probability of transgression of different concentration thresholds in various areas in the basin. The model is also used to evaluate the cost of the damage resulting of the treatment of drinking water at the scale of a groundwater management

  17. Cancer du sein au Cameroun, profil histo-épidémiologique: à propos de 3044 cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engbang, Jean Paul Ndamba; Essome, Henri; Koh, Valère Mve; Simo, Godefroy; Essam, Jean Daniel Sime; Mouelle, Albert Sone; Essame, Jean Louis Oyono

    2015-01-01

    Décrire les caractéristiques épidémiologiques et histo-pathologiques des tumeurs malignes du sein au Cameroun. Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective descriptive portant sur les tumeurs malignes du sein, colligées, dans les registres des différents laboratoires d'Anatomie Pathologique publiques et privés repartis dans cinq régions (centre, littoral, Ouest, Nord-ouest, Sud-ouest), pendant une période de 10 ans (2004-2013). Les paramètres étudiés étaient la fréquence, l’âge, le sexe, la localisation, le type et le grade histologique, et les récepteurs hormonaux. Un total de 3044 cas de cancers du sein a été recensé, soit une fréquence annuelle de 304,4 cas en moyenne. Le sexe féminin était le plus représenté avec 2971 cas (97,60%) et les hommes avec 73 cas (2,40%), soit un sexe ratio (H/F) de 0,02. L’âge moyen des patients était de 46±15,87 ans, avec des extrêmes de 13 et 95 ans. Selon la localisation, le sein gauche était atteint dans 1244 cas (52%) et le sein droit dans 1115 cas (47%). Au plan histologique, on retrouvait essentiellement des carcinomes avec 96,50% des cas, des sarcomes 1,39%, des lymphomes 1,07% et la maladie de Paget du mamelon, 1,03%. Les tumeurs épithéliales étaient infiltrantes dans 2049 cas (84,46%), avec une prédominance du carcinome canalaire infiltrant (1870 cas) et non infiltrantes dans 377 cas (15,54%). Le grade histo-pronostic de SBR avait révélé une prédominance du grade II dans 66% des cas. Les cancers du sein restent une pathologie fréquente au Cameroun et atteignent principalement la population féminine en âge de procréer. Ils sont caractérisés par la prédominance du carcinome canalaire infiltrant. PMID:26523182

  18. ``Distribution and behaviour of plutonium in the waters of the channel and of the seine estuary``; ``Distribution et comportement du plutonium dans les eaux de la manche et de l`estuaire de la seine``

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, K

    1998-12-31

    Excess dissolved plutonium has been measured in the coastal waters of the Channel, from Granville to Boulogne, probably due to sorption-desorption processus. In the Seine estuary, in situ measurements and experimental studies showed that the plutonium desorbs himself from particles in low salinity waters. The desorbed plutonium originates in marine and/or fluvial dissolved Pu. Marine dissolved Pu(V), originating from La Hague plant discharges and from atlantic waters, is reduced and sorbed when the salinity decreases onto estuarial particles: Isotopic Activity Ration {sup 238}Pu/{sup 239}, Pu(IR) of marine dissolved Pu(V) is about 0.7. Fluvial dissolved plutonium originates from atmospheric fallout and from an internal river source: fallout plutonium (IR=0.05) is unreactive with salinity while 45% of river plutonium (IR>1.7) flocculates at 0.5 g l{sup -1}. Desorbed plutonium may have various origins, depending on the Seine liquid discharges and on the tidal coefficient. When the marine waters do not migrate upstream, the low salinity waters encounters particles marked essentially with marine plutonium and the IR of desorbed Pu is about 0.7. The activities of desorbed plutonium are too low to have any influence on the distribution of plutonium in the coastal waters on the Seine Bay. When the marine waters migrate upstream, the low salinity waters meet particles marked essentially with river plutonium (IR>1.7) and desorbed plutonium has a very high IR. These estuarine conditions are encountered five to seven month a year and implicate an increase of the IR of 0.1 of the plutonium present in the coastal waters of the Seine bay (1.2.-1.3.). (author).

  19. Justkui tükike Euroopat keset Seinäjoge : Apila-raamatukogu võlub suursuguse arhitektuuriga / Mervi Heikkilä ; intervjueerinud Mariliis Panov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heikkilä, Mervi

    2013-01-01

    Intervjuu Seinäjoe Apila-raamatukogu juhatajaga raamatukogust, mis esitati 2013. a maineka Euroopa Liidu moodsa arhitektuuri preemia konkursile, Mies van der Rohe auhinnale, kuigi võitjaks ei valitud

  20. Vivre avec ou par le risque à l’île de Sein ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annaig Oiry

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available L’île de Sein, située au large des côtes finistériennes, fait figure de « territoire du risque » par excellence : cette île basse est confrontée à de fréquentes et violentes tempêtes, la population vit « avec le risque » de submersion depuis des générations tout en voyant la probabilité des aléas catastrophiques augmenter en raison de la carence en aménagement et des conséquences probables du réchauffement climatique. L’image du risque, notamment les photographies de tempête, sert de support à la diffusion d’un sentiment anxiogène justifiant des actions de gestion du risque, mais entretient aussi un sentiment de fascination à l’égard des épisodes tempétueux. Cependant, les îliens portent un regard bien plus critique sur le spectaculaire véhiculé par de telles représentations. Le présent article se penche sur ces rapports entre représentations sociales du risque et iconographie du risque.This article stresses on relationships between hazard’s social representations and iconographies. As an illustration, Sein Island (located near by the Brittany coast, in Finistère. This island is considered as a symbol of natural hazard territory: indeed this low island has been confronted for decades to face significant flood hazard that is nowadays strengthened by the consequences of global warming and a lack of infrastructures. Pictures of flood hazards, and more particularly pictures of storms, are used in order to spread around the fear of natural disasters. This fear justifies the management policies implemented on the island. However islanders criticize pictures which are too spectacular and too distorted. Those gaps between hazard’s representations and iconographies are the main subjects of this article.

  1. Long term prospective of the Seine River system: Confronting climatic and direct anthropogenic changes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ducharne, A.; Baubion, C.; Beaudoin, N.; Benoit, M.; Billen, G.; Brisson, N.; Garnier, J.; Kieken, H.; Lebonvallet, S.; Ledoux, E.; Mary, B.; Mignolet, C.; Poux, X.; Sauboua, E.; Schott, C.; Thery, S.; Viennot, P.

    2007-01-01

    To explore the evolution of a human impacted river, the Seine (France), over the 21st century, three driving factors were examined: climate, agriculture, and point source inputs of domestic and industrial origin. Three future scenarios were constructed, by modification of a baseline representative of recent conditions. A climate change scenario, based on simulations by a general circulation model driven by the SRES-A2 scenario of radiative forcing, accounts for an average warming of + 3.3 deg. C over the watershed and marked winter increase and summer decrease in precipitation. To illustrate a possible reduction in nitrate pollution from agricultural origin, a scenario of good agricultural practices was considered, introducing catch crops and a 20% decrease in nitrogen fertilisation. Future point source pollution was estimated following the assumptions embedded in scenario SRES-A2 regarding demographic, economic and technologic changes, leading to reductions of 30 to 75% compared to 2000, depending on the pollutants. Four models, addressing separate components of the river system (agronomical model, hydrogeological model, land surface model and water quality model), were used to analyse the relative impact of these scenarios on water quality, in light of their impact on hydrology and crop production. The first-order driving factor of water quality over the 21st century is the projected reduction of point source pollution, inducing a noticeable decrease in eutrophication and oxygen deficits downstream from Paris. The impact of climate change on these terms is driven by the warming of the water column. It enhances algal growth in spring and the loss factors responsible for phytoplankton mortality in late summer (grazers and viruses). In contrast, increased seasonal contrasts in river discharge have a negligible impact on river water quality, as do the changes in riverine nitrate concentration, which never gets limiting. The latter changes have a similar magnitude

  2. Le début du ive s. av. J.-C. dans l’espace culturel sénonais : les habitats de Bois d’Echalas à Ville-Saint-Jacques et de Beauchamp à Varennes-sur-Seine (Seine-et-Marne dans le contexte de l’interfluve Seine-Yonne The beginning of the 4th century BC in the the cultural space of the 'Sénonais': the settlements of Bois d’Echalas at Ville-Saint-Jacques and Beauchamp at Varennes-sur-Seine (Seine-et-Marne in the context of the land separating the Seine and the Yonne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc Séguier

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available L’étude de deux habitats du début du ive s. av. J.-C. installés à proximité de la confluence Seine-Yonne permet de définir le faciès mobilier de cette partie du Bassin parisien au cours de La Tène B1a, notamment grâce à l’association d’un important cortège de céramiques locales et importées et d’un mobilier métallique significatif. L’analyse des structures de conservation et du mobilier conduit à établir une hiérarchie des établissements. Celui de Ville-Saint-Jacques, Bois d’Echalas, occupe une place prééminente dans le système social mis en place dans la région considérée, alors que celui de Varennes-sur-Seine, Beauchamp, se révèle d’un niveau inférieur. Au-delà de la comparaison entre les deux sites, c’est une lecture socio-économique de l’organisation territoriale qui est proposée.The study of two settlements of the beginning of the 4th century BC near the confluence of the Seine and the Yonne enables us to define the movable culture of this part of the Paris basin during La Tène B1a, notably because of the association of an important series of local and imported ceramics and significant metal articles. The analysis of the structures of conservation and of furniture lead to the establishment of a hierachy of settlements. That of Ville-Saint-Jacques, Bois d’Echalas, occupied a prominent place in the social system set up in the region in question, whereas that of Varennes-sur-Seine, Beauchamp, proved to be of a lower level. Beyond the comparison between the two sites, what is presented is a socio-economic lecture on territorial organisation.

  3. Characteristics of Beach Seine Fishery of East Java: Facing Ministerial Decree of Marine Affairs and Fisheries No. 2/2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewa Gede Raka Wiadnya

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Catch biomass and time-trend perception of Beach seine fishery were studied during 2015, from four different sites in East Java: Padikde Madura, Santan Island Banyuwangi, Prigi Beach Trenggalek, and Dangkal Beach Pacitan. The study aimed to assess the impact of recently Ministerial Decree (No. 2/2015 on this particular fishery. Catch biomass was analyzed based on swept area method. Time trend perception was traced back from fishermen in relation to reduced catch biomass, catch size, habitat degradation, and income contribution from the fishery. The results showed that Beach Seines in East Java are considerably subsistence. It swept fixed-bottom habitats of 1–9 ha. Average catch biomass for all sites was 15±19.4 kg trip-1. With low price of fish catch, fishermen cannot place down their family income solely from this livelihood. Beach seine is more as to maintain tradition of subsistence. Fishermen clearly observed the reduced in catch biomass and catch size compared to what it used to be (±30 years ago. With very low contribution to total catch in the region, negligible impact to habitat degradation, and consumed no fuel subsidy, it is no real reason to include this gear in general ban through Ministerial Decree of Marine Affairs and Fisheries.

  4. Water to atmosphere fluxes of 131I in relation with alkyl-iodide compounds from the Seine Estuary (France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Connan, Olivier; Tessier, Emmanuel; Maro, Denis; Amouroux, David; Hebert, Didier; Rozet, Marianne; Voiseux, Claire; Solier, Luc

    2008-01-01

    This study presents an original work on measurements of stable and radioactive iodinated species in the Seine estuary (France), with estimates fluxes of volatile gaseous species from water to the atmosphere. Various iodinated compounds were identified in water and air in particular 131 I in water, what is unusual. Concentrations and behaviour of iodinated elements in the Seine estuary seem similar to what has been observed in other European estuaries. MeI (Methyl Iodide) and Total Volatile Iodine (TVI) fluxes from water to air vary between 392 and 13949 pmol m -2 d -1 and between 1279 and 16484 pmol m -2 d -1 , respectively. Water to air flux of TVI for the Seine river was estimated in the range 4-46 kg y -1 . Measurements of 131 I in water varying between 0.4 and 11.9 Bq m -3 . Fluxes of 131 I from water to atmosphere are in the range 2.4 x 10 5 -1.3 x 10 7 Bq y -1 , close to an annual discharge of 131 I by a nuclear reactor

  5. Die Entdeckung des Higgs-Teilchens oder wie das Universum seine Masse bekam

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Im Oktober 2013 setzte der Nobelpreis für Peter Higgs und François Englert den vorläufigen Höhepunkt in der verrückten Geschichte um das sogenannte Gottesteilchen, das Higgs-Boson. Schon im Juli des Vorjahres hatten die Physiker weltweit gejubelt: Mehr als fünfzig Jahre nachdem Peter Higgs und andere Wissenschaftler die Existenz des Teilchens theoretisch begründet hatten, war es im gigantischen Teilchenbeschleuniger CERN gefunden worden. Jetzt erzählen Harald Lesch und seine Co-Autoren, warum sich rund um das Higgs-Teilchen so viele skurrile Missverständnisse und mediale Sensationen ranken. Gewohnt kurzweilig und gut verständlich enthüllen sie, wie aus dem verzweifelt gesuchten „gottverdammten Teilchen“ das Gottesteilchen wurde, dass der Urknall nicht simuliert werden kann und dass Schwarze Löcher nicht unbedingt alles verschlingende Monster sind. Dabei wird deutlich, dass die Suche nach den geheimnisvollen Kräften, die das Universum, unsere Erde und letztlich auch uns Menschen zusammenhalten...

  6. Nuclear safety and radiation protection report of the Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear facilities - 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    This safety report was established under the article 21 of the French law no. 2006-686 of June 13, 2006 relative to nuclear safety and information transparency. It presents, first, the facilities of the Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear power plant (INB 129 and 130, Aube (FR)). Then, the nuclear safety and radiation protection measures taken regarding the facilities are reviewed: nuclear safety definition, radiation protection of intervening parties, safety and radiation protection improvement paths, crisis management, external and internal controls, technical situation of facilities, administrative procedures in progress. The incidents and accidents which occurred in 2011, are reported as well as the radioactive and non-radioactive (chemical, thermal) effluents discharge in the environment. Finally, The radioactive materials and wastes generated by the facilities are presented and sorted by type of waste, quantities and type of conditioning. Other environmental impacts (noise, microbial proliferation in cooling towers) are presented with their mitigation measures. Actions in favour of transparency and public information are presented as well. The document concludes with a glossary and a list of recommendations from the Committees for health, safety and working conditions. (J.S.)

  7. Nuclear safety and radiation protection report of the Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear facilities - 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-06-01

    This safety report was established under the article 21 of the French law no. 2006-686 of June 13, 2006 relative to nuclear safety and information transparency. It presents, first, the facilities of the Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear power plant (INB 129 and 130, Aube (FR)). Then, the nuclear safety and radiation protection measures taken regarding the facilities are reviewed: nuclear safety definition, radiation protection of intervening parties, safety and radiation protection improvement paths, crisis management, external and internal controls, technical situation of facilities, administrative procedures in progress. The incidents and accidents which occurred in 2010, are reported as well as the radioactive and non-radioactive (chemical, thermal) effluents discharge in the environment. Finally, The radioactive materials and wastes generated by the facilities are presented and sorted by type of waste, quantities and type of conditioning. Other environmental impacts (noise, microbial proliferation in cooling towers) are presented with their mitigation measures. Actions in favour of transparency and public information are presented as well. The document concludes with a glossary and a list of recommendations from the Committees for health, safety and working conditions. (J.S.)

  8. Hydrodynamic characteristics of knotted and knotless purse seine netting panels as determined in a flume tank.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Hao; Xu, Liuxiong; Hu, Fuxiang

    2018-01-01

    Nylon (PA) netting is widely used in purse seines and other fishing gears due to its high strength and good sinking performance. However, hydrodynamic properties of nylon netting of different characteristics are poorly understood. This study investigated hydrodynamic characteristics of nylon netting of different knot types and solidity ratios under different attack angles and flow velocities. It was found that the hydrodynamic coefficient of netting panels was related to Reynolds number, solidity ratio, attack angle, knot type and twine construction. The solidity ratio was found to positively correlate with drag coefficient when the netting was normal to the flow (CD90), but not the case when the netting was parallel to the flow (CD0). For netting panels inclined to the flow, the inclined drag coefficient had a negative relationship with the solidity ratio for attack angles between 0° and 50°, but a positive relationship for attack angles between 50° and 90°. The lift coefficient increased with the attack angle, reaching the culminating point at an attack angle of 50°, before subsequent decline. We found that the drag generated by knot accounted for 15-25% of total drag, and the knotted netting with higher solidity ratio exhibited a greater CD0, but it was not the case for the knotless netting. Compared to knotless polyethylene (PE) netting, the drag coefficients of knotless PA netting were dominant at higher Reynolds number (Re>2200).

  9. Hydrodynamic characteristics of knotted and knotless purse seine netting panels as determined in a flume tank.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Tang

    Full Text Available Nylon (PA netting is widely used in purse seines and other fishing gears due to its high strength and good sinking performance. However, hydrodynamic properties of nylon netting of different characteristics are poorly understood. This study investigated hydrodynamic characteristics of nylon netting of different knot types and solidity ratios under different attack angles and flow velocities. It was found that the hydrodynamic coefficient of netting panels was related to Reynolds number, solidity ratio, attack angle, knot type and twine construction. The solidity ratio was found to positively correlate with drag coefficient when the netting was normal to the flow (CD90, but not the case when the netting was parallel to the flow (CD0. For netting panels inclined to the flow, the inclined drag coefficient had a negative relationship with the solidity ratio for attack angles between 0° and 50°, but a positive relationship for attack angles between 50° and 90°. The lift coefficient increased with the attack angle, reaching the culminating point at an attack angle of 50°, before subsequent decline. We found that the drag generated by knot accounted for 15-25% of total drag, and the knotted netting with higher solidity ratio exhibited a greater CD0, but it was not the case for the knotless netting. Compared to knotless polyethylene (PE netting, the drag coefficients of knotless PA netting were dominant at higher Reynolds number (Re>2200.

  10. Identification et prise en charge des femmes ayant des antécédents familiaux de cancer du sein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heisey, Ruth; Carroll, June C.

    2016-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Résumer les meilleures données portant sur les stratégies d’identification et de prise en charge des femmes qui présentent des antécédents familiaux de cancer du sein. Sources d’information Une recherche a été effectuée sur PubMed à l’aide des mots-clés anglais suivants : breast cancer, guidelines, risk, family history, management et magnetic resonance imaging screening, entre 2000 et 2016. La plupart des données sont de niveau II. Message principal Une bonne anamnèse familiale est essentielle lors de l’évaluation du risque de cancer du sein afin d’identifier les femmes qui sont candidates à une recommandation en counseling génétique pour un éventuel test génétique. On peut sauver des vies en offrant aux femmes porteuses d’une mutation au gène BRCA des interventions chirurgicales de réduction des risques (mastectomie bilatérale prophylactique, salpingo-ovariectomie bilatérale). Il faut encourager toutes les femmes qui présentent des antécédents familiaux de cancer du sein à demeurer actives et à limiter leur consommation d’alcool à moins de 1 verre par jour; certaines femmes sont admissibles à la chimioprévention. Il faut offrir aux femmes dont le risque à vie de cancer du sein est de 20 à 25 % ou plus un dépistage poussé par imagerie par résonance magnétique en plus d’une mammographie. Conclusion Une vie saine et la chimioprévention (chez les candidates) pourraient réduire l’incidence du cancer du sein; le dépistage poussé pourrait entraîner une détection plus précoce. Le fait d’aiguiller des femmes porteuses d’une mutation au BRCA vers la chirurgie de réduction des risques sauve des vies. PMID:27737991

  11. Comportement de l'espèce “Salmo trutta” dans le bassin de la Seine. Suite et fin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARRIGNON J.

    1968-04-01

    Full Text Available Since a certain time, it is observed, in the spring, in Low Seine, that Salmonidae are coming together. These concentrations concern yearling subjects. Besides, a certain number of adult fisches, marked in Ile de France in 1961-1962-1963, have been captured downstream very far from their introduction point. Because of the investments supported by fishmen for restocking the rivers as well with immediately catchable trouts than with fry and young trouts, it became necessary to try to understand the reasons of the runnings down that has been recorded and to calculate their importance. These investigations have been carried out by a systematic marking of the fishes organized on the whole of the four great hydrographic Regions of the River Seine : — Bassin of the Upper Marne ; — Bassins of the Upper Seine and Upper Aube ; — Bassin of the Upper Aisne. On the 31th October 1967, on 30.030 marked subjects, 3.138 have been caught and recorded. On these 3.138 subjects, 3.049 had not left the Bassin into which they had been introduced. The general mark-returns percentage, reaches 10,15% and the percentage of the distant returns is 3,06‰ The highest returns percentage is this of the Upper Bassin of the River Aisne, where, locally, 34,80% of the marked fishes have been captured. But it can be noted a running down rate in Lower Seine and in the sea of 2,94‰ for the Upper Marne; 2,20‰ for the River Aube and the Upper Seine and 4,71‰ for the Ile de France. The highest removing is this of a trout introduced in Ardennes Country and which has been caught at Dunkerque Harbourgh after a travel of 805 kilometers, 530 of wihch made in fresh water. Investigations by marking have been completed by biometrical studies carried out on samples drawn of Lower Seine, at the time of the big concentrations of the winter end. A certain number of constatations derives from it : — There are groups of fishes which are inclined to run down-stream, more than the others

  12. Seasonal variations in the characteristics of superficial sediments in a macrotidal estuary (the Seine inlet, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesourd, S.; Lesueur, P.; Brun-Cottan, J. C.; Garnaud, S.; Poupinet, N.

    2003-09-01

    Seasonal variations in the sedimentary regime in the mouth of the Seine river, a macrotidal estuary, are described for a 3-year period. The aim of this study is to characterize and to understand the main governing mechanisms, using data from more than a thousand of superficial sediment grab samples or box cores gathered throughout the study period. Analyses of lithofacies and rheological properties were carried out. The distribution of sediments is governed by seasonal meteorological variations. The surface covered by mud reaches a maximum (40% of the total mouth area) during winter. After the winter, the soft mud deposits are progressively redistributed throughout the whole estuary area and onto the shelf. During the lowest freshwater flow at the end of summer, the fine-grained sediments cover less than 20% of the river mouth area. These seasonal variations mainly depend on the river discharge intensity, but are also linked to wave activity. In the study area, the amount of fine-grained deposits after high river flow periods depends on (1) volume of mud erodable within the estuary, (2) the duration of the flood tidal influx, and (3) the duration preceding the particular annual high river flow. During the last decades, filling of the estuary upstream from Honfleur has led to a downstream shift of the fine-grained sediment deposition area; following this, the present-day mud deposition area is in the open part of the estuary, in the subtidal shallow area. Subsequently, fresh mud deposits undergo intense hydrodynamical and meteorological effects, and are partly reworked by waves and tidal currents effects. In this study, it is shown that the behaviour of suspended matter and of superficial sediments is strongly influenced by short but intense events including high river flows and gales.

  13. Contribution of heterotrophic bacterial production to the carbon budget of the river Seine (France).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servais, P; Garnier, J

    1993-01-01

    Bacterial activity was measured in the river Seine by two methods, (3)H-thymidine incorporation into DNA and (3)H-leucine incorporation into proteins. Both incorporation rates are characterized by low values upstream of Paris, a large increase just downstream of the outfall of the Achères treatment plant effluents, and then decreasing values further downstream. The covariation of both activities is demonstrated by the constancy of the molar ratio (leucine to thymidine incorporation rate) in the range of 6 to 8 for all the samples, except in the perturbed area where it is higher (15 to 35). These high values of molar ratio are linked to the introduction into the river of large sized bacteria ([Symbol: see text]1 µm) with higher incorporation rates per cell or biomass unit than the small autochthonous bacteria (rates of large bacteria were on average 3.7 times higher than those of small bacteria. Bacterial production was calculated with experimentally determined conversion factors (0.5 × 10(18) cells per mole of thymidine incorporated and 900 gC per mole of leucine incorporated) and by taking into account the activity of both size classes of bacteria measured through fractionation experiments (post-incubation filtration). Production estimated in the perturbed area downstream of Ach6res was very high, up to 60 µgC liter(-1)h(-1) in the summer. Carbon consumption by bacteria in the area perturbed by the Ach6res effluents was calculated assuming a growth yield of 0.2 and compared to the load of biodegradable organic matter discharged by the treatment plant. In summer, an additional supply of organic matter is required to account for the intense bacterial activity, suggesting the importance of phytoplankton production in the carbon budget.

  14. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (pah) In The Bulk Precipitation of The Seine Estuary, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motelay-Massei, A.; Ollivon, D.; Garban, B.; Chevreuil, M.

    The evolution of industry and the rising of population have resulted in deep changes in the quality of the environment. Nowadays much more often the attention of analysts is focused on the presence of organic pollutants in precipitation, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or pesticides. Atmospheric inputs play a significant role in semivolatile chemicals cycling and alter so the hydrological cycle. PAHs are semi- volatile organic contaminants of great environmental concern because of their car- cinogenic properties. PAHs are produced primarily during incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and wood. Major sources of PAHs to urban atmosphere include au- tomobile traffic, home heating, municipal incinerators and industrial emissions. De- spite their production in urban and industrial sites, PAHs occur at high concentra- tions in rural areas due to their persistence and ability to be transported over long distances. The aim of this investigation was to obtain information about occurrence of organic trace components in precipitation in the Seine Estuary. It was also of in- terest to investigate the spatial and temporal variability of PAHs in the bulk (wet and dry) deposition occurring in the estuary region and to estimate PAH deposition flux on watershed (urban, industrial or rural). Precipitation samples were collected at four locations in the Seine Estuary: the first is an industrial site (Le Havre), two are urban sites (Rouen, representative of urban area influenced by heavy traffic and Notre-Dame de Gravenchon, near from an industrial center) and the last one is ru- ral (Evreux). Each of the sites is located close to a meteorological station. Sam- pling is performed weekly since March 2001. In our analytical conditions, "total PAH" includes 15 compounds: naphthalene (NAP), acenaphtene (ACE), phenanthrene (PHE), anthracene (ANT), fluoranthene (FTH), pyrene (PYR), benzo(a)anthracene (BaA), chrysene (CHR), benzo(b)fluoranthene (BbF), benzo(k)fluoranthene (Bk

  15. Equivalence factors for standardizing catch data across multiple beach seine nets to account for differences in relative bias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallett, Chris S.; Hall, Norm G.

    2012-06-01

    We describe a method for modelling the relative effects of seine net biases and for deriving equivalence factors to standardize fish abundance data sets collected using multiple sampling gears. Nearshore fish communities were sampled from 10 sites in each of the basin and riverine portions of the Swan-Canning Estuary, Western Australia, using beach seine nets of three different lengths (21.5, 41.5 and 133 m). The resulting data were subjected to generalized linear modelling to derive equivalence factors relating catches from the two larger net types to those from the 21.5 m net. Equivalence factors were derived on the basis of functional habitat guilds of fish (small benthic, small pelagic, demersal, pelagic). Prior to standardization, catches from the 41.5 and 133 m nets consistently underestimated fish densities relative to those from the 21.5 m net. Following standardization, the degree to which fish densities were underestimated by the two larger nets was reduced and/or eliminated for most guilds, and particularly in the case of the 133 m net. For both of the larger nets, standardized estimates of total fish density across all species were far closer to those recorded using the 21.5 m seine, thus indicating that standardization of the fish abundance data had greatly reduced the overall effects of the biases introduced by the different net types. This approach could be applied to other systems and sampling methods, to facilitate more robust comparisons of fish abundances between studies with divergent sampling methodologies.

  16. The fantastic in Thomas Mann's Der Tod in Venedig and Joseph und seine Brüder

    OpenAIRE

    Nolan, Tom

    2011-01-01

    The thesis includes an introductory survey of recent relevant secondary literature and a coda dealing with the fantastic as a manifestation of Schiller’s ‘Spieltrieb’. Its main body, however, is comprised of three substantial chapters prosecuting two interlinked arguments: (1) that Der Tod in Venedig and Joseph und seine Brüder are fantastic narratives and (2) that the fantastic in these narratives works hand in glove with Mann’s philosophical concerns. In order to demonstrate that the fir...

  17. Landward Perspective of Coastal Eutrophication Potential Under Future Climate Change: The Seine River Case (France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie Raimonet

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Studies quantifying the impact of climate change have so far mostly examined atmospheric variables, and few are evaluating the cascade of aquatic impacts that will occur along the land–ocean continuum until the ultimate impacts on coastal eutrophication potential. In this study, a new hydro-biogeochemical modeling chain has been developed, based on the coupling of the generic pyNuts-Riverstrahler biogeochemical model and the GR4J-CEMANEIGE hydrological model, and applied to the Seine River basin (France. Averaged responses of biogeochemical variables to climate-induced hydrological changes were assessed using climate forcing based on 12 projections of precipitation and temperature (BC-CORDEX for the stabilization (RCP 4.5 and the increasing (RCP 8.5 CO2 emission scenarios. Beyond the amount of nutrients delivered to the sea, we calculated the indicator of coastal eutrophication potential (ICEP. The models run with the RCP4.5 stabilization scenario show low variations in hydrological regimes and water quality, while five of the six models run with the increasing CO2 emissions scenario (RCP8.5 leads to more intense extreme streamflow (i.e., higher maximum flows, lower and longer minimum flows, resulting in the degradation of water quality. For the driest RCP 8.5 projection, median biogeochemical impacts induced by decreasing discharge (until −270 m3 s−1 in average are mostly located downstream of major wastewater treatment plants. During spring bloom, e.g., in May, the associated higher residence time leads to an increase of phytoplankton biomass (+31% in average, with a simultaneous −23% decrease of silicic acid, followed downstream by a −9% decrease of oxygen. Later during low flow, major increases in nitrate and phosphate concentrations (until +19% and +32% in average are expected. For all considered scenarios, high ICEP values (above zero lasted, indicating that coastal eutrophication is not expected to decrease with changing

  18. Estimating juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) abundance from beach seine data collected in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta and San Francisco Bay, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Russell W.; Kirsch, Joseph E.; Hendrix, A. Noble

    2016-06-17

    Resource managers rely on abundance or density metrics derived from beach seine surveys to make vital decisions that affect fish population dynamics and assemblage structure. However, abundance and density metrics may be biased by imperfect capture and lack of geographic closure during sampling. Currently, there is considerable uncertainty about the capture efficiency of juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) by beach seines. Heterogeneity in capture can occur through unrealistic assumptions of closure and from variation in the probability of capture caused by environmental conditions. We evaluated the assumptions of closure and the influence of environmental conditions on capture efficiency and abundance estimates of Chinook salmon from beach seining within the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta and the San Francisco Bay. Beach seine capture efficiency was measured using a stratified random sampling design combined with open and closed replicate depletion sampling. A total of 56 samples were collected during the spring of 2014. To assess variability in capture probability and the absolute abundance of juvenile Chinook salmon, beach seine capture efficiency data were fitted to the paired depletion design using modified N-mixture models. These models allowed us to explicitly test the closure assumption and estimate environmental effects on the probability of capture. We determined that our updated method allowing for lack of closure between depletion samples drastically outperformed traditional data analysis that assumes closure among replicate samples. The best-fit model (lowest-valued Akaike Information Criterion model) included the probability of fish being available for capture (relaxed closure assumption), capture probability modeled as a function of water velocity and percent coverage of fine sediment, and abundance modeled as a function of sample area, temperature, and water velocity. Given that beach seining is a ubiquitous sampling technique for

  19. Novel ambler class A carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase from a Pseudomonas fluorescens isolate from the Seine River, Paris, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girlich, Delphine; Poirel, Laurent; Nordmann, Patrice

    2010-01-01

    A Pseudomonas fluorescens isolate (PF-1) resistant to carbapenems was recovered during an environmental survey performed with water from the Seine River (Paris). It expressed a novel Ambler class A carbapenemase, BIC-1, sharing 68 and 59% amino acid identities with beta-lactamases SFC-1 from Serratia fonticola and the plasmid-encoded KPC-2, respectively. beta-Lactamase BIC-1 hydrolyzed penicillins, carbapenems, and cephalosporins except ceftazidime and monobactams. The bla(BIC-1) gene was chromosomally located and was also identified in two other P. fluorescens strains isolated from the Seine River 3 months later.

  20. The Psychology of Violent Conflict in Failing States: A Review of the Scientific Literature (Psychologie des Conflits Violents au sein d’etats en Deroute: Analyse de Publications Scientifiques)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    Sommaire ..... Psychologie des conflits violents au sein d’états en déroute: Analyse de publications scientifiques Donald M. Taylor; Michael J. A...in parenthesis at the end of the title) The Psychology of Violent Conflict in Failing States (U) Psychologie des conflits violents au sein d’états en

  1. Reconstruction of the historical inputs of radionuclides and metal contaminants in the fluvial part of the Seine estuary through the analysis of their sedimentary records

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vrel, Anne

    2012-01-01

    The Seine estuary is the outlet of a highly anthropogenized catchment area. Marginal areas of the river have trapped fine-grained sediment particles which a number of contaminants are bound to; they give access to the sedimentary records of the past decades. Corings were carried out in three areas: the Seine River, the upper Seine estuary, and at the river mouth. After dating, these cores have led to reconstruct the history of the inputs particulate elements in each of these areas. The comparison of the time series of elemental concentrations between (i) suspended matter during the last decades and (ii) dated sediments along the cores shows that the latter are representative of the former. Particulate fluxes of 55 stable elements and 18 radionuclides were estimated, from 1960 to 2002. Comparison of data acquired in the Seine River and in the upper estuary led to distinguish and quantify the intra-estuarine sources of contaminants that are dominated by phosphogypsum discharges during the 1970's in the Rouen harbour area (upper estuary). The intensity of tidal pumping up to the upper estuary was quantified using transuranics activity ratios. Based on the atmospheric 137 Cs activities over the last decades and core derived 137 Cs activities, a transfer model from the watershed to the river, based on a solid wash-off transfer function by runoff and erosion, is then proposed. (author) [fr

  2. Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoretic Analysis of Ammonia-Oxidizing Bacterial Community Structure in the Lower Seine River: Impact of Paris Wastewater Effluents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cébron, A.; Coci, M.; Garnier, J.; Laanbroek, H.J.

    2004-01-01

    The Seine River is strongly affected by the effluents from the Achères wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) downstream of the city of Paris. We have shown that the effluents introduce large amounts of ammonia and inoculate the receiving medium with nitrifying bacteria. The aim of the present study

  3. Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoretic Analysis of Ammonia-Oxidizing Bacterial Community Structure in the Lower Seine River: Impact of Paris Wastewater Effluents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cébron, A.; Coci, M.; Garnier, J.; Laanbroek, H.J.

    2004-01-01

    The Seine River is strongly affected by the effluents from the Achères wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) downstream of the city of Paris. We have shown that the effluents introduce large amounts of ammonia and inoculate the receiving medium with nitrifying bacteria. The aim of the present study was

  4. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoretic analysis of ammonia-oxidizing bacterial community structure in the lower Seine River: Impact of Paris wastewater effluents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cebron, A.; Coci, M.; Garnier, J.; Laanbroek, H.J.

    2004-01-01

    The Seine River is strongly affected by the effluents from the Acheres wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) downstream of the city of Paris. We have shown that the effluents introduce large amounts of ammonia and inoculate the receiving medium with nitrifying bacteria. The aim of the present study was

  5. Optimal and centralized reservoir management for drought and flood protection via Stochastic Dual Dynamic Programming on the Upper Seine-Aube River system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiavico, Mattia; Raso, Luciano; Dorchies, David; Malaterre, Pierre-Olivier

    2015-04-01

    Seine river region is an extremely important logistic and economic junction for France and Europe. The hydraulic protection of most part of the region relies on four controlled reservoirs, managed by EPTB Seine-Grands Lacs. Presently, reservoirs operation is not centrally coordinated, and release rules are based on empirical filling curves. In this study, we analyze how a centralized release policy can face flood and drought risks, optimizing water system efficiency. The optimal and centralized decisional problem is solved by Stochastic Dual Dynamic Programming (SDDP) method, minimizing an operational indicator for each planning objective. SDDP allows us to include into the system: 1) the hydrological discharge, specifically a stochastic semi-distributed auto-regressive model, 2) the hydraulic transfer model, represented by a linear lag and route model, and 3) reservoirs and diversions. The novelty of this study lies on the combination of reservoir and hydraulic models in SDDP for flood and drought protection problems. The study case covers the Seine basin until the confluence with Aube River: this system includes two reservoirs, the city of Troyes, and the Nuclear power plant of Nogent-Sur-Seine. The conflict between the interests of flood protection, drought protection, water use and ecology leads to analyze the environmental system in a Multi-Objective perspective.

  6. Preparation to the question of the sense of being in Martin Heidegger's thought. An introduction to the 'Existential analytic' of Dasein: Sein und Zeit - Was ist Metaphysik - Rektoratsrede

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Esengrini, S.

    2004-01-01

    In order to prepare the field for an analysis of the role played by Sein und Zeit inside Heidegger's pathway of thinking, it proves decisive to show the theoretical horizon from which this first fundamental work of his takes its start. That is why, on the basis of Heidegger's hypothesis that the

  7. Het digitale sport medisch dossier: zucht of zegen? [Digital Sport Medical Record: Sigh or a blessing?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stege, J.P.; Fleuren, M.A.H.; Knaap, E.T.W. van der; Stubbe, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    Sinds 2004 zijn er verschillende initiatieven ontplooid rondom de ontwikkeling van een digitaal Sport Medisch Dossier (SMD). Uit gesprekken met de Vereniging voor Sportgeneeskunde (VSG) blijkt dat er vooral problemen worden gesignaleerd met de ingebruikname van het digitale SMD. In het voorjaar van

  8. Summer use of the tidal freshwaters of the River Seine by three estuarine fish: Coupling telemetry and GIS spatial analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Pichon, C.; Coustillas, J.; Zahm, A.; Bunel, M.; Gazeau-Nadin, C.; Rochard, E.

    2017-09-01

    Acoustic telemetry and GIS-based spatial analysis were used to investigate the summer habitat use and movement patterns of three fish species in the tidal freshwaters of the Seine estuary (France). Experimental displacement of tagged individuals of thin-lipped grey mullet (Liza ramada), European eel (Anguilla anguilla), and common bream (Abramis brama) were conducted to test for their spatial fidelity and home range establishment. Most tagged individuals (95%) successfully returned to their previously occupied capture site, showing spatial homing abilities. The studied upstream tidal freshwater segment of the Seine estuary was regularly used by grey mullet as a part of its larger summer home range, while European eel and common bream were resident in this segment. The fidelity of eel to small nocturnal refuges and the regular use of intertidal waterbodies at high tide by grey mullet and bream suggested that they possess a capacity of acquiring spatial memory of habitats in a fluctuating environment. Importantly, the scale of movements travelled by each species was positively related to tidal phase. Grey mullet and bream, both visual feeders, exhibited short-term tidal movements to known habitats, providing food resources and contiguous resting habitat suggesting that they have shown behavioural strategies adaptive to fluctuating environments. Eel, in contrast, was found to have a different strategy strongly related to diel dynamics: it stayed in subtidal habitats rich in refuges that remained available at low tide. The results of this study emphasize the importance of restoring intertidal waterbodies and the relevance of considering the availability of adjacent subtidal habitats providing refuge at low tides.

  9. Assessing the relation between anthropogenic pressure and PAH concentrations in surface water in the Seine River basin using multivariate analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uher, Emmanuelle, E-mail: emmanuelle.uher@irstea.fr [Irstea, UR HBAN Hydrosystèmes et bioprocédés, 1 rue Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, CS 10030, 92761 Antony cedex (France); FIRE, FR-30204 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris (France); Mirande-Bret, Cécile [LISA, 61 avenue du général de Gaulle, 94010 Créteil (France); Gourlay-Francé, Catherine [Anses, 14 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 94701 Maisons-Alfort Cedex (France)

    2016-07-01

    Understanding the relation between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in freshwater and anthropogenic pressure is fundamental to finding a solution to reduce the presence of PAHs in water, and thus their potential impact on aquatic life. In this paper we propose to gain greater insight into the variability, sources and partitioning of PAHs in labile (or freely dissolved = not associated to the organic matter), dissolved and particulate phases in freshwater. This study was conducted using land use data as a marker of anthropogenic pressure and coupling it with chemical measurements. This study was conducted on 30 sites in the Seine River basin, which is subjected to a strong human impact and exhibits a wide range of land uses. Half of the sites were studied twice. Labile PAHs were measured by semi-permeable membrane devices (SPMDs), and dissolved and particulate phases by grab samples. Partial least squares regressions were performed between chemical measurements and data of anthropogenic pressure. The results indicate different sources for the dissolved phase and particles. Dissolved and labile phases were more related to the population density of the watershed, while particles were more related to a local pressure. Season and land use data are necessary information to correctly interpret and compare PAH concentrations from different sites. Furthermore, the whole data set of the 45 field deployments comprising labile, dissolved, total and particulate PAH concentrations as well as the physico-chemical parameters is available in the supplementary information. - Highlights: • A large-scale deployment of semi-permeable membrane devices was performed at the Seine Catchment scale • Partial least squares regressions were performed between chemical measurements and data of anthropogenic pressure • The results seem to show a PAHs release from particles to dissolved phase slower than in laboratory work • Dissolved and labile phases were related to a pressure at

  10. EFEKTIVITAS ALAT TANGKAP MINI PURSE SEINE MENGGUNAKAN SUMBER CAHAYA BERBEDA TERHADAP HASIL TANGKAP IKAN KEMBUNG (Rastrelliger sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ifa Nur Rosyidah

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In fish catching activity, the fishermen in Banyuanyar district use mini tools for catching fish (purse seine and use light assist tools for an operation in the night day. The light, that is used, is kerosene pressure lantern and mercury lights or lamp that is used on water surface (surface lamp. This kind of light is used to collect “pelagic” fish that has positive phototaxis characteristic. Puffer fish’s response towards different sourse of light, that’s kerosene pressure lantern and mercury light is needed to be known. Therefore, we can know the source of light that is more effective in order to collect the fish. It is hoped that the productivity of puffer fish will be developed for the fishermen. During the research with ten times repeating, the total account of puffer fish’s haul that is resulted with two different treatment  by using kerosene pressure lantern and mercury light is that 810 kg and 1.460 kg. The data of puffer fish’s haul that is gotten after using Mann-Whitney test shows that the kerosene pressure lantern and mercury light not to really different, especially in the haul of puffer fish in significant standart (0,05 is 2,262, while in Mann-Whitney test account is 0,171. That means the fishermans in Banyuanyar can use kerosene pressure lantern and mercury light for catching fish as the light assist tools for an operation in the night day. Keywords     :   Purse Seine, Mercury Light and Kerosene Pressure Lantern, Puffer Fish (Rastrellinger sp..

  11. Une ferme du début du IIIe s. av. J.-C. au “ Marais du Colombier ”, Varennes-sur-Seine (Seine-et-Marne : analyse archéologique et environnementale A farm from the beginning of the 3rd Century BC at 'Marais du Colombier', Varennes-sur-Seine (Seine-et-Marne: archaeological and environmental analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc Séguier

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available La fouille, en contexte d’archéologie préventive, du site du “ Marais du Colombier ” à Varennes-sur-Seine (Seine-et-Marne, a permis d’étudier un établissement rural daté de la première moitié du IIIe s. av. J.-C. installé dans une zone basse et humide de la plaine située à l’aval du confluent Seine – Yonne. L’établissement, structuré autour d’une zone vide interprétée comme une cour ou un espace horticole, rassemble presque toutes les composantes d’un établissement rural : habitation, greniers et autres bâtiments annexes, silos, puis et fosses. Parmi les bâtiments, l’habitation se distingue par l’adoption d’un plan ovalisé s’accordant probablement avec l’hypothèse d’une charpente à ferme, ce qui en fait l’un des plus anciens témoignages de ce type de charpente pour l’âge du Fer. De nombreux macrorestes végétaux, conservés dans plusieurs puits, dont le puits principal 5003 situé à proximité de la maison, permettent une analyse paléobotanique. Le croisement des données archéologiques, archéobotaniques (carpologie, anthracologie, xylologie et archéozoologiques permet de restituer un milieu environnant marqué par une grande biodiversité et son exploitation (plantes cultivées, milieux de collecte, élevage, chasse. Tous les éléments convergent pour voir dans cet établissement agricole une unité de production dotée d’un niveau de vie aisé, mais sans marque d’ostentation. L’organisation de l’établissement est assez différente de celle de la plupart des habitats de La Tène ancienne et du début de La Tène moyenne de l’espace sénonais, et semble préfigurer celle des sites à enclos de la fin de La Tène moyenne et de La Tène finale. La présence de restes humains apporte, quant à elle, des éléments sur la gestuelle funéraire liée aux enfants morts en bas âge et sur les pratiques cultuelles en contexte domestique.The rescue excavation of the Marais du

  12. Marine pollution originating from purse seine and longline fishing vessel operations in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean, 2003-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Kelsey; Haynes, David; Talouli, Anthony; Donoghue, Michael

    2017-03-01

    Fisheries observer data recorded between 2003 and 2015 on-board purse seine and longline vessels operating in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean reported more than 10 000 pollution incidents within the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of 25 Pacific countries and territories, and in international waters. A majority of the reported purse seine pollution incidents related to dumping of plastics waste. Other common pollution incidents related to oil spillages and to abandoned, lost or dumped fishing gear. Data analysis highlighted the need for increased monitoring, reporting, and enforcement of pollution violations by all types of fishing vessels operating in the Pacific region; a regional outreach and compliance assistance programme on marine pollution prevention and improvements in Pacific port waste reception facilities.

  13. Perspectives d'introduction d'un marketing des services au sein des banques publiques Algériennes : Cas de la B.A.D.R.

    OpenAIRE

    Lachachi-taleb, Meriem

    2014-01-01

    Le premier chapitre présente les fondements théoriques relatifs au marketing des services ainsi qu'au concept de servuction et enfin au marketing mix des services dans le deuxiéme chapitre.Le troisiéme chapitre est consacré au marketing bancaire et au plan marketing dans le chapitre suivant, une étude de cas au sein de la B.A.D.R.Banque.

  14. Influence of the water quality improvement on fish population in the Seine River (Paris, France) over the 1990-2013 period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azimi, Sam; Rocher, Vincent

    2016-01-15

    Over the past 20 years, rules concerning wastewater treatment and quality of water discharged into the environment have changed considerably. Huge investments have been made in Paris conurbation to improve waste water treatment processes in accordance with the European Water Framework Directive. The interdepartmental association for sewage disposal in Paris conurbation (SIAAP) carried out a monitoring of both fish assemblages and water quality in the Seine River around the Paris conurbation (France) since the early 90's. The main goal of this study was to estimate the influence of the water quality improvement on fish. On one hand, the study confirmed the improvement of the water quality (dissolved oxygen, ammonia nitrogen, organic matter) in the Seine River, mostly focused downstream of Paris conurbation. On the other hand, an increase of the number of species occurred from 1990 (14) to 2013 (21). Moreover, changes in the river Seine assemblages happened over that 23-year period with emergence of sensitive species (ruffe, scalpin and pike-perch). The improvement of the water quality was also reported with respect to the Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI). However, no variation of pollutant concentrations in roach, eel and chub muscles has been observed. An exceedance of the environmental quality standards have even been reported all over this period as regards mercury and organochlorine.

  15. Effects of heavy metal contamination on the macrobenthic fauna in estuaries: The case of the Seine estuary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dauvin, Jean-Claude

    2008-01-01

    Heavy metal contamination levels are generally higher in estuaries than in the open sea. Some estuaries, the Seine estuary for example, have particularly high pollution levels of metals, yet continue to support a very high benthic biomass and remain quite productive. Measurements of sediment contamination are highly variable due to diverse chemical analysis methods, sediments origin and sources of contaminants found in the estuaries. Salinity appears to be the principal factor controlling contaminant distribution in the sediment and the overlying and/or interstitial waters; it also affects the bioavailability of contaminants in estuarine sediments. Of course, the response to contaminants varies greatly among species and assemblages. Trace metals explain only a small part of the variation in benthic community structure. Some species, such as the shrimp Crangon crangon, appears vulnerable to metal pollution, while other species, such as Scrobicularia plana, are able to tolerate quite high levels of cadmium in their tissue. This paper demonstrates the wide variability of benthic responses to contamination, which is probably due to the high spatio-temporal heterogeneity of the estuary. To reduce the problems due the heterogeneity and variability observed to date in the available results, it will be necessary to encourage integrated estuarine studies, in which sedimentologists, chemists, and biologists work together on the same campaigns at the same sites

  16. Buffering of suspended sediment transport in lowland river during low water stages: quantification in river Seine using environmental radionuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonte, P.; Le Cloarec, M.F.; Dumoulin, J.P.; Sogon, S.; Tessier, L.; Mouchel, J.M.; Thomas, A.J.

    2000-01-01

    This study was undertaken to test the application of environmental radioactive tracers for estimating sediment mass and sediment residence time in rivers. A continuous sampling of the Seine river suspended matter (SM) using sediment traps was made during two months, between Paris and the estuary, along a 120 km long river section. The hydrological regime corresponded to the low water stage, where the SM transport is reduced. The measured tracers in the SM include short-lived natural ( 7 Be, 234 Th xs ) and artificial ( 131 I) radionuclides, as well as the longer-lived natural 210 Pb xs and its descendant the 210 Po. 137 Cs was used to check grain-size effects. A simple steady state model allowed us to estimate the total sediment mass, i.e. the SM, plus the resuspendable matter (RM), and the sediment residence time. Despite their different half-lives (8 to 53 days) and their different geochemical properties, consistent results were obtained with 131 I, 7 Be and 234 Th xs . The best estimate of the sediment mass present in the river is (24-41)·10 3 tons; it is essentially composed of the RM which is 10-17 times more abundant than the SM. In these hydrological conditions, the sediment residence time is quite long (1.6-2.8 months). (author) [es

  17. Infection par le VIH chez les patientes atteintes de cancer du sein en Guinée (Afrique de l'Ouest)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traore, Bangaly; Diane, Solomana; Sow, Mamadou Saliou; Keita, Mamady; Conde, Mamoudou; Traore, Fodé Amara; Kourouma, Tidiane

    2015-01-01

    L'objectif était de déterminer la prévalence de l'infection à VIH chez les patientes atteintes de cancer du sein et de comparer les caractéristiques anatomocliques et thérapeutiques de ces cancers du sein par rapports aux patientes non infectées par le VIH. Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective et analytique comparant les dossiers de patientes atteintes de cancers du sein histologiquement confirmés, infectées ou non par le VIH à l'unité de chirurgie oncologique de Donka, CHU de Conakry, de 2007 à 2012. Nous avons colligé 278 patientes présentant un cancer du sein dont 14 (5,0%) infectées par le VIH et 264 (95,0%) non infectées par le VIH. Les différences observées entre ces deux groupes de patientes étaient respectivement: âge médian (36,8 vs 49,0 ans), la ménopause (21,4% vs 53,4%), le nombre des patientes traitées (50,0% contre 77,1%) et la survenue de décès (78,6% vs 50,8%). Aucune différence n'a été notée dans la présentation clinique, histologique et le retard de consultation. Dans notre étude, la prévalence de l'infection à VIH chez les patients atteints de cancer du sein est élevée. L’âge jeune des patients, la faible accessibilité au traitement et la mortalité élevée doivent être confirmés par une étude sur un échantillon plus large. PMID:26523196

  18. Connaissances des médecins généralistes de Mohammedia (Maroc) concernant le dépistage du cancer du sein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zine, Karima; Nani, Samira; Lahmadi, Imad Ait; Maaroufi, Abderrahmane

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Le cancer du sein représente un problème de santé publique majeur au Maroc. C'est le premier cancer chez la femme. L'objectif de ce travail était d'évaluer les connaissances des médecins généralistes (MG) en matière de dépistage du cancer du sein dans la préfecture de Mohammedia Maroc. Méthodes Nous avons mené une étude transversale, descriptive, exhaustive incluant les 97 MG exerçant dans les établissements de soins de santé de base du secteur public et privé de la province de Mohammedia. Résultats Le taux de participation était de 87%. L'âge moyen des MG était de 49,6 ± 8,1. Quatre-vingt pour cent (n=55) des MG ont donné une incidence incorrecte, 77,6% (n=85) ont reconnu l'existence d'un plan national de prévention et de contrôle du cancer (PNPCC) au Maroc, et 67,1 des MG ont rapporté l'existence d'un registre du cancer au Maroc. Le secteur d'activité était associé significativement avec les connaissances des MG sur le PNPCC et sur l'existence d'un guide de détection précoce du cancer du sein avec respectivement (p=0,003 et p=0,001). Une association significative entre l'ancienneté et l'existence d'un guide de détection précoce du cancer du sein et d'un registre du cancer du sein a été retrouvée avec (respectivement p=0,005 et p=0.002). Conclusion À la lumière de ces résultats il faudra renforcer les connaissances et les pratiques des MG par la promotion de la formation initiale et continue sur le dépistage. PMID:27800098

  19. Revisiting the vulnerability of juvenile bigeye (Thunnus obesus) and yellowfin (T. albacares) tuna caught by purse-seine fisheries while associating with surface waters and floating objects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scutt Phillips, Joe; Pilling, Graham M; Leroy, Bruno; Evans, Karen; Usu, Thomas; Lam, Chi Hin; Schaefer, Kurt M; Nicol, Simon

    2017-01-01

    Tuna fisheries catch over three million tonnes of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) each year, the majority of which come from purse-seine vessels targeting fish associated with man-made fish aggregating devices (FADs). A significant challenge for fisheries management is to maximize the efficiency of skipjack tuna catches whilst minimizing the bycatch of small and immature bigeye (Thunnus obesus) and yellowfin (T. albacares) tuna, for which long-term sustainability is uncertain in 75% of the world's stocks. To better manage the issues common with this fishing method, an improved understanding of tuna behaviour around FADs is necessary. We probabilistically classified the vertical behavioural patterns of 50 bigeye and 35 yellowfin tuna (mean fork length 72cm and 70cm, respectively) electronically tagged throughout the western and central Pacific Ocean into shallow and deep states, using a state-space modelling approach. The occurrence of surface-association behaviours, defined as an individual remaining in a shallow state for 24-hours, was examined in relation to known capture events and FAD density. In general, surface-association events for both species were short and lasted on average less than three days, although events as long as 28 days were observed, and were more common in yellowfin when in archipelagic waters. Events were longest immediately following tagging in 62% and 17% of bigeye and yellowfin, respectively. Surface-association behaviour was not generally estimated just prior to recapture, being either non-existent or shorter than two days for 85% of bigeye and 74% of yellowfin. Current management measures in purse-seine tuna fisheries involve periodic or spatial closures for FAD use. If the chief benefit to purse-seine fishers of surface-association around floating objects is in locating schools in horizontal space at short-term time-scales, rather than holding fish near the surface for extended periods, controlling the number of sets made on FADs

  20. Revisiting the vulnerability of juvenile bigeye (Thunnus obesus and yellowfin (T. albacares tuna caught by purse-seine fisheries while associating with surface waters and floating objects.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joe Scutt Phillips

    Full Text Available Tuna fisheries catch over three million tonnes of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis each year, the majority of which come from purse-seine vessels targeting fish associated with man-made fish aggregating devices (FADs. A significant challenge for fisheries management is to maximize the efficiency of skipjack tuna catches whilst minimizing the bycatch of small and immature bigeye (Thunnus obesus and yellowfin (T. albacares tuna, for which long-term sustainability is uncertain in 75% of the world's stocks. To better manage the issues common with this fishing method, an improved understanding of tuna behaviour around FADs is necessary. We probabilistically classified the vertical behavioural patterns of 50 bigeye and 35 yellowfin tuna (mean fork length 72cm and 70cm, respectively electronically tagged throughout the western and central Pacific Ocean into shallow and deep states, using a state-space modelling approach. The occurrence of surface-association behaviours, defined as an individual remaining in a shallow state for 24-hours, was examined in relation to known capture events and FAD density. In general, surface-association events for both species were short and lasted on average less than three days, although events as long as 28 days were observed, and were more common in yellowfin when in archipelagic waters. Events were longest immediately following tagging in 62% and 17% of bigeye and yellowfin, respectively. Surface-association behaviour was not generally estimated just prior to recapture, being either non-existent or shorter than two days for 85% of bigeye and 74% of yellowfin. Current management measures in purse-seine tuna fisheries involve periodic or spatial closures for FAD use. If the chief benefit to purse-seine fishers of surface-association around floating objects is in locating schools in horizontal space at short-term time-scales, rather than holding fish near the surface for extended periods, controlling the number of sets

  1. Remanence of lead pollution in an urban river system: a multi-scale temporal and spatial study in the Seine River basin, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayrault, S; Le Pape, P; Evrard, O; Priadi, C R; Quantin, C; Bonté, P; Roy-Barman, M

    2014-03-01

    Total lead (Pb) concentration and Pb isotopic ratio ((206)Pb/(20)7Pb) were determined in 140 samples from the Seine River basin (France), covering a period of time from 1945 to 2011 and including bed sediments (bulk and size fractionated samples), suspended particulate matter (SPM), sediment cores, and combined sewer overflow (CSO) particulate matter to constrain the spatial and temporal variability of the lead sources at the scale of the contaminated Seine River basin. A focus on the Orge River subcatchment, which exhibits a contrasted land-use pattern, allows documenting the relation between hydrodynamics, urbanization, and contamination sources. The study reveals that the Pb contamination due to leaded gasoline that peaked in the 1980s has a very limited impact in the river nowadays. In the upstream Seine River, the isotopic ratio analysis suggests a pervasive contamination which origin (coal combustion and/or gasoline lead) should be clarified. The current SPM contamination trend follows the urbanization/industrialization spatial trend. Downstream of Paris, the lead from historical use originating from the Rio Tinto mine, Spain ((206)Pb/(207)Pb=1.1634 ± 0.0001) is the major Pb source. The analysis of the bed sediments (bulk and grain size fractionated) highlights the diversity of the anthropogenic lead sources in relation with the diversity of the human activities that occurred in this basin over the years. The "urban" source, defined by waste waters including the CSO samples ((206)Pb/(207)Pb=1.157 ± 0.003), results of a thorough mixing of leaded gasoline with "historical" lead over the years. Finally, a contamination mixing scheme related to hydrodynamics is proposed.

  2. Cancers du sein bilat?raux synchrones et grossesse a l'institut Joliot Curie de Dakar (S?n?gal)

    OpenAIRE

    Zongo, Nayi; Sawadogo, Yobi Alexis; Some, Some Ollo Roland; Bagre, Sidpawalmd? Carine; Ka, Sidy; Diouf, Doudou; Dieng, Mamadou Moustapha; Gaye, Papa Macoumba; Dem, Ahmadou

    2016-01-01

    D?crire notre strat?gie diagnostique et th?rapeutique dans les cancers du sein bilat?raux synchrones pendant la grossesse. L??ge gestationnel au moment du diagnostic du cancer ?tait respectivement de 7; 21 et 25 semaines. Il s'agissait de stade IV et IIIA respectivement dans deux et un cas. Elles ont toutes b?n?fici? d'une chimioth?rapie dans deux cas pendant la grossesse (6TEC et 3AC) et dans un cas apr?s l'accouchement. Une mastectomie bilat?rale a ?t? r?alis?e dans un cas. Une patiente est...

  3. Tod in den Anden. Ein Brief Francis Halls an Humboldt 1831 und seine historischen und politischen Hintergründe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Schmuck

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der Forschungsreisende Francis Hall kam als Soldat nach Südamerika und betätigte sich hier auch als Pflanzensammler, Reiseschriftsteller und Bergsteiger. Er war Freund und Briefpartner Jeremy Benthams und versuchte gemeinsam mit Jean-Baptiste Boussingault den Chimborazo zu besteigen. Der liberale Journalist wurde 1833 in bürgerkriegsähnlichen Unruhen in Ecuador ermordet. Der einzige Brief Halls an Humboldt, in dem er diesen für die Naturerschließung des Landes zu gewinnen versucht, eine Sammlung andiner Pflanzen übersendet und seine Einschätzung zur politischen Lage und Zukunft Südamerikas kundtut, wird hier veröffentlicht und kommentiert. Abstract The British explorer Francis Hall was active in South-America as a soldier, a collector of plants, a writer of travelogues and a mountaineer. Together with Jean-Baptiste Boussingault he failed in ascending the Chimborazo. Friend and correspondent of Jeremy Bentham and also liberal journalist, Hall was killed during riots in Ecuador in 1833. In one single letter addressed to Humboldt, which is presented here, Hall tries to awaken interest for Ecuador, develops his views on the political future of South America and sends a collection of plants from the Andes. Resumen El explorador británico Francis Hall llegó a América del Sur como soldado y allí también se dedicó a la colección de plantas, a escribir sobre viajes y a hacer alpinismo. Intentó subir al Chimborazo con Jean-Baptiste Boussingault. El periodista liberal, amigo de Jeremy Bentham con el que también mantenía correspondencia, fue asesinado en los disturbios de 1833 en Ecuador. En la única carta de Hall a Humboldt, que está publicada y comentada aquí, Hall intenta despertar el interés de Humboldt por la naturaleza del país enviando una colección de plantas andinas y dando su opinión sobre la situación política y el futuro de América del Sur. (Traducción: Christine Lebas

  4. An experimental study on dredge spoil of estuarine sediments in the bay of seine (France): A morphosedimentary assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marmin, Stella; Lesueur, Patrick; Dauvin, Jean Claude; Samson, Sandrine; Tournier, Patrice; Gallicher Lavanne, Albert; Dubrulle-Brunaud, Carole; Thouroude, Coralie

    2016-03-01

    Studies on the consequences of dredging on estuarine morphology and its sedimentary dynamics are common, but the impacts of dumping dredge spoil in coastal open settings are rarely found in scientific literature. An experimental study was conducted over the period 2012-2013 to monitor the physical impacts of dredged material dumped at two adjacent sites (one million cubic metres at each) on the inner shelf of the Bay of Seine in France (eastern part of the English Channel, La Manche). As recently reinforced in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), knowledge on the location and intensity of human impacts (e.g. on marine ecosystems) is critical for effective marine management and conservation. So, two methods of disposition were tested to evaluate the impacts of dumping on the environment and thus propose recommendations for future dumping. The strategy is based on a Before-After-Control-Impact (BACI) approach, in which the spatio-temporal variability was studied by analysing the morphological and sedimentological characteristics over a period of 28 months, from November 2011 to April 2014, also including recovery of the seafloor after cessation of the dumping activities. The first experimental dumping operation (MASED) was carried out regularly for 8 months at a single point and generating a conical deposit of 5 m in height, while the second dumping (MABIO) lasted for 12 months involving four steps in the dumping process. In the second case, a wider area was covered, leading to the formation of a smaller deposit of 2 m in height. The dumped deposits consisted of muddy fine sand, whereas the inner shelf seafloor in this area is covered with fine to medium sand. As a result, muddy fine sand accumulated at or near the two dumping sites, with a maximum mud (i.e. particles4 Φ) content of 50% compared todredged material remained at the end of the dumping periods. After dumping ceased, a further 5% of material for MABIO and 20% for MASED, was transported out

  5. [Reporting and interviewing delays in contact investigation of tuberculosis, Seine-Saint-Denis, from April to June 2008].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fourcade, C; Le Mab, G; Vincenti-Delmas, M

    2012-08-01

    In France, one of the main components of the tuberculosis control program is contact investigation around all tuberculosis cases. For this purpose, all cases of tuberculosis are to be reported to the health authorities (Centre de lutte antituberculeuse) within 48 hours of diagnosis. The Centre then conducts an initial patient interview within three days of the report in order to establish a list of contacts requiring evaluation. Given that a delay in action may play a role in the continued disease transmission, it appeared necessary to study more precisely this subject in a French area with a high annual new case rate, the Seine-Saint-Denis. A descriptive and retrospective study included all tuberculosis cases reported and received between April and June 2008. The two periods were statistically analyzed with socio-demographic, clinical-biological and investigations data. For the 148 cases reported during this period, a first interview was required for 123. The average time period between initiation of anti-tuberculosis therapy and reception of the report was 11.08 days. The overly long delay could be explained in part by the inappropriate use of the notification form (45.5%) designed for non-urgent collection of epidemiological data, and in part by the underuse of telephone reporting (8.1%). The first interview was not performed for 19 cases and the average time between reception of the notification and the patient interview was 6.58 days. Having the patient's phone number appeared essential to meet the deadline (odds ratio: 5.3; 95% confidence interval [1.7-16.9]). Few interviews were made in person. Shortage in financial and human resources and the delayed case reporting could be part of the explanations. Deadlines were met much better for cases of pleuro-pulmonary tuberculosis compared with other localizations, for reporting (39.2% versus 13.5%, preports some risk factors associated with delayed action and highlights the need for improved reporting of

  6. Skipjack Tuna Availability for Purse Seine Fisheries Is Driven by Suitable Feeding Habitat Dynamics in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Noël Druon

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available An Ecological Niche model was developed for skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis, SKJ in the Eastern Central Atlantic Ocean (AO and Western Indian Ocean (IO using an extensive set of presence data collected by the European purse seine fleet (1998–2014. Chlorophyll-a fronts were used as proxy for food availability while mixed layer depth, sea surface temperature, dissolved oxygen, salinity, current intensity, and height anomaly variables were selected to describe SKJ's abiotic environmental preferences. The resultant ecological niche included both mesoscale eddy-type productive features that displayed latitudinal range in the IO to large scale upwelling systems that shrink and swell seasonally in the AO. Overall, 83% of all free swimming school sets (FSC and 75% of drifting fish aggregating device sets (dFAD that contained SKJ occurred within 25 km of favorable feeding habitat. In the AO, 34% of dFAD sets were made more than 100 km away from this habitat, mostly in the surface chlorophyll-a poor environment of the Guinea Current. These distant sets represent 10% of dFAD sets in the IO and 8% of all FSC sets. Our results suggest that the Mozambique Channel in the IO, with its simultaneously favorable feeding and spawning conditions, may seasonally offer a better SKJ nursery habitat than the Guinea Current which shows a substantially poorer feeding capacity. With the exception of this latter area, our results also suggest that fishing accessibility will be higher in months where the size of the favorable feeding habitats are reduced, likely because this reduction drives a geographical contraction in SKJ populations. The observed relationship between the annual size of favorable feeding habitat and both annual catch rates and total catches in the IO is consistent with the near-full exploitation of this stock that has occurred since the 2000s. Moreover, it suggests that annual habitat size could be used as an indicator of growth capacity for this

  7. „Relax. You’re Dressed!“. Der Herrenanzug im Career Building und seine Thematisierung in Musicvideoclips

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gudrun Schäfer

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Gudrun Schäfer zeigt an Beispielen aus der aktuellen Zeitschriftenwerbung und aus Karriereratgebern sowie anhand von zwei aktuellen Musikvideoclips, dass der Herrenanzug – selbst da, wo er als problematisches Symbol für Konventionalität fungiert, – nach wie vor als Referenzpunkt für ‚unangreifbare‘, universale professionelle Bekleidung gelten kann. Vor allem als Dresscode für Bewerbungsgespräche wird der Herrenanzug bzw. das Kostüm oder der Hosenanzug als weibliches Pendant als ein „Rettungsanker“ in einem Meer von Unsicherheiten angesehen. Seine Funktion als Symbol männlicher Souveränität und Universalität wird jedoch zunehmend in Frage gestellt, und der universale Geltungsanspruch des Herrenanzugs erodiert: Konventionelle ‚Banker- und Managerkleidung‘ wird abgelehnt, da die Berufstände durch die aktuelle Wirtschafts- und Finanzkrise stark in Misskredit geraten sind. In IT-Berufen geht der Trend zu deutlich informellerer Kleidung. Der höhere Anteil an Mitarbeiterinnen führt in einigen Unternehmen dazu, dass variierte – wenn auch adaptierte – Dresscodes gelten. Nicht zuletzt ist ein Trend zur stärkeren Körperbetonung und damit Individualisierung der Anzugmode zu verzeichnen, der mit der zunehmenden Pflicht zur zur ‚Körperarbeit‘ und Körperdarstellung auch bei Männern zusammenhängt.Using advertizing found in current magazines and career guides as well as two music video clips, Gudrun Schäfer shows that the man’s suit continues to be understood as a reference point for “intangible” and universal professional clothing, even when it also functions as a problematic symbol for conventionality. The suit, as well as the female equivalent of skirt suit or pantsuit, is considered dress code for job interviews and in this manner becomes the “anchor” in a sea of uncertainty. However, increasingly more people are questioning its function as a symbol of masculine sovereignty and universality, thus eroding

  8. Maison, immeuble et compagnie : le singulier pluriel du logement de banlieue : enquêtes dans les Hauts-de-Seine 1840-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine Le Bas

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Familier du paysage de proche banlieue parisienne (Hauts-de-Seine, le logement sous appentis a séduit les spéculateurs malgré une promiscuité que rejettent des ouvriers rêvant d’un toit familial. Des philanthropes leur bâtiront des maisons complexes tandis qu’une mixité fonctionnelle (travail, commerce, service de plus en plus rare à Paris, affecte le logement de proche banlieue. En organisant la complexité de l’espace urbain et de ses flux, l’urbanisme opère une distinction fonctionnelle dissolvant cette mixité, par le dépassement des types architecturaux.The tenement building, a familiar type in the suburbs of the Hauts-de-Seine department, close to Paris, was frequently put up by speculative builders, even if the promiscuity they supposed was generally rejected by workers who would have preferred their own, individual homes. Some philanthropical builders offered complex housing types, and buildings associating accommodation and other functions (work, commerce, services affected housing in the suburbs, although such types were rare in the capital itself. Organising the complexity of urban space and its circulations, town planning operated a functional division that dissolved this mixity by going beyond existing building types.

  9. Modeling interactions of agriculture and groundwater nitrate contaminants: application of The STICS-Eau-Dyssée coupled models over the Seine River Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavakoly, A. A.; Habets, F.; Saleh, F.; Yang, Z. L.

    2017-12-01

    Human activities such as the cultivation of N-fixing crops, burning of fossil fuels, discharging of industrial and domestic effluents, and extensive usage of fertilizers have recently accelerated the nitrogen loading to watersheds worldwide. Increasing nitrate concentration in surface water and groundwater is a major concern in watersheds with extensive agricultural activities. Nutrient enrichment is one of the major environmental problems in the French coastal zone. To understand and predict interactions between agriculture, surface water and groundwater nitrate contaminants, this study presents a modeling framework that couples the agronomic STICS model with Eau-Dyssée, a distributed hydrologic modeling system to simulate groundwater-surface water interaction. The coupled system is implemented on the Seine River Basin with an area of 88,000 km2 to compute daily nitrate contaminants. Representing a sophisticated hydrosystem with several aquifers and including the megalopolis of Paris, the Seine River Basin is well-known as one of the most productive agricultural areas in France. The STICS-EauDyssée framework is evaluated for a long-term simulation covering 39 years (1971-2010). Model results show that the simulated nitrate highly depends on the inflow produced by surface and subsurface waters. Daily simulation shows that the model captures the seasonal variation of observations and that the overall long-term simulation of nitrate contaminant is satisfactory at the regional scale.

  10. Multiconfiguration electromagnetic induction survey for paleochannel internal structure imaging: a case study in the alluvial plain of the River Seine, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rejiba, Fayçal; Schamper, Cyril; Chevalier, Antoine; Deleplancque, Benoit; Hovhannissian, Gaghik; Thiesson, Julien; Weill, Pierre

    2018-01-01

    The La Bassée floodplain area is a large groundwater reservoir controlling most of the water exchanged between local aquifers and hydrographic networks within the Seine River basin (France). Preferential flows depend essentially on the heterogeneity of alluvial plain infilling, whose characteristics are strongly influenced by the presence of mud plugs (paleomeander clayey infilling). These mud plugs strongly contrast with the coarse sand material that composes most of the alluvial plain, and can create permeability barriers to groundwater flows. A detailed knowledge of the global and internal geometry of such paleomeanders can thus lead to a comprehensive understanding of the long-term hydrogeological processes of the alluvial plain. A geophysical survey based on the use of electromagnetic induction was performed on a wide paleomeander, situated close to the city of Nogent-sur-Seine in France. In the present study we assess the advantages of combining several spatial offsets, together with both vertical and horizontal dipole orientations (six apparent conductivities), thereby mapping not only the spatial distribution of the paleomeander derived from lidar data but also its vertical extent and internal variability.

  11. Problématique de la prise en charge des cancers du sein au Sénégal: une approche transversale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gueye, Serigne Modou Kane; Gueye, Mamour; Coulbary, Sophie Aminata; Diouf, Alassane; Moreau, Jean Charles

    2016-01-01

    L’heure où les thérapeutiques innovantes se multiplient dans le cancer du sein, des pays moins nantis comme le Sénégal accusent encore un retard considérable dans la prise en charge globale de ce type de cancer. Au Sénégal, même si la prise en charge des cancers du sein avancés est actuellement bien codifiée, les résultats en terme de survie et de morbidités sont encore médiocres vu les retards diagnostiques et les traitements mutilants, parfois onéreux et mal tolérés, devenus nécessaires. Pour ces cancers avancés, les défis qui restent à relever résident dans l’érection de centres de soins palliatifs et le développement de la pluridisciplinarité pour améliorer la qualité de vie et l’accompagnement des malades. En revanche, pour les cancers infracliniques ou potentiellement guérissables, les défis restent immenses car il s’agira de les dépister, de bien les localiser et les diagnostiquer aussitôt (biopsie écho guidée ou stéréotaxique) mais également de les opérer de façon précise et entière (repérage – exérèse in sano et radiographie de pièce opératoire) tout en limitant les complications comme celles du curage classique (biopsie du ganglion sentinelle). Il s’agit là autant d’objectifs auxquels nos structures de santé ne sont pas toujours préparées. Cette mise au point est une analyse situationnelle sur les écueils contextuels qui grèvent encore la prise en charge globale des cancers du sein au Sénégal. PMID:28154696

  12. Annie Crépin, Vers l’armée nationale. Les débuts de la conscription en Seine-et-Marne, 1798-1815

    OpenAIRE

    Catros, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    Spécialiste incontestée de l’histoire sociale du fait militaire au XIXe siècle, Annie Crépin nous propose un nouvel ouvrage dans le prolongement de ses précédents travaux sur la conscription. Son étude est centrée sur la Seine-et-Marne, particulièrement propice à l’étude des conscrits pour avoir fait partie des départements ayant pleinement accepté les levées décidées par l’Empereur. L’auteur a largement puisé dans les archives du Service historique de la Défense – registres matricules des ré...

  13. IMPLICATION DE CERTAINES MUTATIONS DANS LES GENES BRCA1 ET BRCA2 SUR LA PRÉDISPOSITION AU CANCER DU SEIN ET AU CANCER OVARIEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucian Negura

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Le cancer du sein, ainsi que celui ovarien, est une maladie fréquente chez les femmes, ayant un traitement assez difficile et, malheureusement, de sérieuses répercutions sur le physique ; c’est pourquoi il s’avère essentiel que la maladie soit dépistée dès les phases précoces. La prédisposition génétique est responsable de 5% des cancers et de 25% des cas apparus avant l’age de 30 ans [Breast Cancer Linkage Consortium, 1997]. Nous présentons ici l’implication des gènes suppresseurs des tumeurs BRCA1 et BRCA2 sur cette prédisposition.

  14. Les enseignantes et enseignants sont-ils égaux face aux contraintes organisationnelles au sein des établissements du second degré ?

    OpenAIRE

    Cau-Bareille, Dominique

    2016-01-01

    Cet article présente une partie des résultats d’une recherche-action menée en France dans le champ de l’enseignement du second degré à la demande de deux syndicats. Celle-ci visait à comprendre les rapports de genre au sein des établissements et à éclairer les problèmes de harcèlement au travail évoqués plutôt par des femmes. Nous aborderons ici cette problématique sous l’angle des formes d’engagements dans l’activité professionnelle, en croisant le modèle ergonomique de l’activité de travail...

  15. The exclusion of the body in Sein und Zeit and the denial of a phenomenology of the body in Heidegger’s thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Johnson

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Through a reflection on the lack of a detailed thematization of the human body in Sein und Zeit and, considering the denial of a «phenomenology of the body» in Zollikoner Seminare, this paper aims to develop the methodical advice behind Heidegger’s treatment of human corporality. In this context, we will emphasize the incompatibility between the kind of being of Dasein and the kind of being that make up the traditional interpretation of the body: the body as a thing. Based on the foregoing, this study will discuss on the necessity to concentrate the attention on the ontological belonging of the body to the being of human being by the attempt to deploy an existential consideration of human corporality.

  16. Impacts of Climate Change and of Anthropisation on Water Resources: from the Risk Assessment to Adaptation, the Case of the Seine Basin (including Paris, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habets, F.; Viennot, P.; Thierion, C.; Vergnes, J. P.; Ait Kaci, A.; Caballero, Y.

    2015-12-01

    The Seine river, located in the temperate climate of northern France and flowing over a large sedimentary basins that hosts multilayer aquifers, is characterized by small temporal variations of its discharge. However, the presence of a megacity (Paris) and a wide area of intensive agriculture combined with climate change puts pressure on the water resources both in terms of quality and quantity. Previous research projects have estimated the impact of climate change on the water resource of the Seine basin, with the uncertainties associated to climate projections, hydrological models or downscaling methods. The water resource was projected to decrease by -14 % ± 10 % in 2050 and -28 +/-16% in 2100. This led to new studies that focus on the combined impact of climate change and adaptations. The tested adaptations are: a reduction of the groundwater abstractions, evolution of land use, development of small dams to « harvest water » or artificial recharge of aquifers. The communication of the results of these projects to stakeholders have led to the development on new indicators that better express the risk on the water resource management, especially for the groundwater. For instance maps of the evolution of piezometric head are difficult to interpret. To better express the risk evolution, a new indicator was defined: the evolution of the groundwater crisis duration, ie, the period when the charge of the aquifer is below the crisis piezometric level defined by the stakeholders. Such crisis piezometric levels are used to help defining the period when the groundwater abstraction should be reduced. Such maps are more efficient to communicate with water resources managers. This communication will focus on the results from the MEDDE Explore 2070 and ANR Oracle projects.

  17. Suspended Sediment Dynamics in the Macrotidal Seine Estuary (France): 2. Numerical Modeling of Sediment Fluxes and Budgets Under Typical Hydrological and Meteorological Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, E.; Grasso, F.; Le Hir, P.; Verney, R.; Thouvenin, B.

    2018-01-01

    Understanding the sediment dynamics in an estuary is important for its morphodynamic and ecological assessment as well as, in case of an anthropogenically controlled system, for its maintenance. However, the quantification of sediment fluxes and budgets is extremely difficult from in-situ data and requires thoroughly validated numerical models. In the study presented here, sediment fluxes and budgets in the lower Seine Estuary were quantified and investigated from seasonal to annual time scales with respect to realistic hydro- and meteorological conditions. A realistic three-dimensional process-based hydro- and sediment-dynamic model was used to quantify mud and sand fluxes through characteristic estuarine cross-sections. In addition to a reference experiment with typical forcing, three experiments were carried out and analyzed, each differing from the reference experiment in either river discharge or wind and waves so that the effects of these forcings could be separated. Hydro- and meteorological conditions affect the sediment fluxes and budgets in different ways and at different locations. Single storm events induce strong erosion in the lower estuary and can have a significant effect on the sediment fluxes offshore of the Seine Estuary mouth, with the flux direction depending on the wind direction. Spring tides cause significant up-estuary fluxes at the mouth. A high river discharge drives barotropic down-estuary fluxes at the upper cross-sections, but baroclinic up-estuary fluxes at the mouth and offshore so that the lower estuary gains sediment during wet years. This behavior is likely to be observed worldwide in estuaries affected by density gradients and turbidity maximum dynamics.

  18. Pierre Charmoz : La montagne à seins nus, un roman érotique de montagne, ou de la destruction du mythe alpin par le langage Pierre Charmoz: La Montagne à seins nus, or, the Debunking of the Alpine Myth trough Language Pierre Charmoz, La Sierra de los pechos desnudos o la destrucción del mito alpino por el lenguage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Mestre

    1996-05-01

    Full Text Available La Montagne à seins nus de Pierre Charmoz est l'un des rares romans de montagne dans lequel l'érotisme joue un rôle important. C'est également une tentative de remise en cause des mythologies sur lesquelles le roman de montagne s'appuie, pour n'en garder que l'aspect léger et humoristique.La Montagne à seins nus, by Pierre Charmoz, is one of these few mountain novels in which eroticism plays a major part, it is also an attempt at debunking the mythologies on which alpine novels traditionally rest. It keeps only laughter and a gentle spirit of derision from it.La Sierra de los pechos desnudos, de Pierre Charmoz, es una de las raras novelas de montaña en las cuales el erotismo ocupa un lugar preponderante. También se empeña en derribar los mitos sobre los cuales suelen construirse las novelas alpinas tradicionales. De éstos permanece la risa, y uno disfruta mientras se hace burla de ellos.

  19. Dynamics of phytoplankton productivity and exopolysaccharides (EPS and TEP) pools in the Seine Estuary (France, Normandy) over tidal cycles and over two contrasting seasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morelle, Jérôme; Schapira, Mathilde; Claquin, Pascal

    2017-10-01

    Exopolysaccharides (EPS) play an important role in the carbon flux and may be directly linked to phytoplankton and microphytobenthos production, most notably in estuarine systems. However the temporal and spatial dynamics of estuarine EPS are still not well understood, nor how primary productivity triggers this variability at these different scales. The aim of this study was to investigate the primary productivity of phytoplankton and EPS dynamics in the Seine estuary over a tidal cycle in three different haline zones over two contrasted seasons. The other objectives was to investigate the origin of pools of soluble carbohydrates (S-EPS) and transparent exopolymeric particles (TEP) in phytoplankton, microphytobenthos or other compartments. High frequency measurements of productivity were made in winter and summer 2015. Physical and chemical parameters, biomass and EPS were measured at hourly intervals in sub-surface waters and just above the water sediment-interface. Our results confirmed that high frequency measurements improve the accuracy of primary productivity estimations and associated carbon fluxes in estuaries. The photosynthetic parameters were shown to be strongly controlled by salinity and by the concentrations of suspended particle matter at the smallest temporal and at spatial scales. At these scales, our results showed an inverse relationship between EPS concentrations and biomass and productivity, and a positive relationship with sediment resuspension. Additionally, the distribution of EPS appears to be linked to hydrodynamics with the tide at daily scale and with the winter at seasonal scale. At spatial scale, the maximum turbidity zone played an important role in the distribution of TEP. Our results suggest that, in the Seine estuary, between 9% and 33% of the S-EPS pool in the water column can be attributed to phytoplankton excretion, while only 0.4%-1.6% (up to 6.14% in exceptional conditions) originates from the microphytobenthos compartments

  20. Fine-grained sediment spatial distribution on the basis of a geostatistical analysis: Example of the eastern Bay of the Seine (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méar, Y.; Poizot, E.; Murat, A.; Lesueur, P.; Thomas, M.

    2006-12-01

    The eastern Bay of the Seine (English Channel) was the subject in 1991 of a sampling survey of superficial sediments. Geostatistic tools were used to examine the complexity of the spatial distribution of the fine-grained fraction (discussed. Within this sedimentary unit, the distribution of the fine fraction is very heterogeneous, with mud patches of less than 4000 m diameter; the boundary between these mud patches and their substratum is very sharp. The distribution of this fine fraction appears to be controlled by an anticyclonic eddy located off the Pays de Caux. Under the influence of this, the suspended material expelled from the Seine estuary moves along the coast and swings off Antifer harbour, towards the NW. It is trapped within this eddy because of the settling of suspended particulate matter. Both at a general scale and a local scale the morphology (whether inherited or due to modern processes) has a strong influence on the spatial distribution of the fine fraction. At the general scale, the basin-like shape of the area facilitates the silting, and the presence of the submarine dunes, called "Ridins d'Antifer", clearly determines the northern limit of the muddy zone. At a local scale, the same influence is obvious: paleovalleys trap the fine sediments, whereas isolated sand dunes and ripples limit the silting. This duality of role of the morphology is therefore one of the reasons why the muddy surface is extremely heterogeneous spatially. The presence of an important population of suspension feeding echinoderm, the brittle-star Ophiothrix fragilis Abildgaard, has led to a local increase in the silting, and to the modification of the physicochemical and sedimentological parameters. A complex relationship is shown to occur between the amount of fine fraction and the number of brittle-stars (ind. m -2). Classical statistical methods are not appropriate to study the spatial distribution of the mud fraction, because the spatial component of the percentage of

  1. Mémoire du travail et des expositions professionnelles aux cancérogènes Work account and occupational exposures to carcinogens. Survey in Seine-Saint-Denis (France) Memoria del trabajo y de las exposiciones profesionales a agentes cancerígenos. Encuesta en Seine-Saint-Denis (Francia)

    OpenAIRE

    Annie Thébaud-Mony; Béatrice Leconte

    2010-01-01

    Selon les estimations officielles, en 2000 environ 32 millions de travailleurs européens (de l’Europe des 15) étaient exposés à des cancérogènes. Depuis 2002, considérant la maladie comme « événement-sentinelle » pour la connaissance des activités de travail exposant aux cancérogènes, le Groupement d’intérêt scientifique sur les cancers d’origine professionnelle (GISCOP93) mène une enquête permanente auprès de patients atteints de cancer en Seine Saint Denis (France). S’appuyant sur les récit...

  2. Management of the post accidental situation applied to Nogent-Sur-Seine nuclear power plant environment. First results of the decontamination of soil and food chain working group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allain, E.; Mignon, F.; Cessac, B.; Gallay, F.; Metivier, J.M.; Reales, N.; Gofette, R.; Mahot, M.

    2004-01-01

    From the beginning of 2002, Troyes prefecture has initiated a reflection about the management of a nuclear crisis caused by an accident at the Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear power plant. Five workshops have been created, dealing with the following themes: 'Administrative and economic organization', 'Health risk assessment and the epidemiology', 'Monitoring of environment', 'Movement in the contaminated area' and 'Decontamination of soil and Food chain'. The first results of the 'Decontamination of soil and Food chain' working group, which involves the District Agricultural and Forestry Department, the Farmer's Association, the Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety and the Veterinary Division are presented in the poster. The scenario that had been developed for the accident considers the release of 3 radionuclides ( 131 I, 134 Cs and 137 Cs) in the environment. The scale of the crisis didn't require the evacuation and the sheltering of the population during the emergency phase. The consequences on the local agricultural products (cereal, beetroot, vine, milk, cow meat...) have been assessed up to 50 km and different strategies of agricultural countermeasures have been studied regarding to the local constraints (soil types, surfaces and quantities concerned) and to the consequences of their implementation (waste types and quantities, costs). Then, decision-making diagrams summed up the technical results and allowed to deepen the global thought. (author)

  3. Tidal influence on the distribution of hydrophobic organic contaminants in the Seine Estuary and biomarker responses on the copepod Eurytemora affinis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cailleaud, K. [Universite Bordeaux 1, CNRS, ISM-LPTC-UMR 5255, Laboratory of Physico- and Toxico-Chemistry, 351 Cours de la Liberation, 33405 Talence (France) and Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille - Lille 1, Laboratoire d' Oceanologie et de Geosciences, UMR CNRS 8187 LOG, Station Marine de Wimereux, 28 Avenue Foch, 62930 Wimereux (France) and Faculte des Sciences et Techniques du Havre, LEMA-UPRES EA3222, Laboratoire d' Ecotoxicologie-Milieux Aquatiques, GDR IMOPHYS, 25 rue Philippe Lebon, 76058 Le Havre (France); Forget-Leray, J. [Faculte des Sciences et Techniques du Havre, LEMA-UPRES EA3222, Laboratoire d' Ecotoxicologie-Milieux Aquatiques, GDR IMOPHYS, 25 rue Philippe Lebon, 76058 Le Havre (France); Peluhet, L.; LeMenach, K. [Universite Bordeaux 1, CNRS, ISM-LPTC-UMR 5255, Laboratory of Physico- and Toxico-Chemistry, 351 Cours de la Liberation, 33405 Talence (France); Souissi, S. [Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille - Lille 1, Laboratoire d' Oceanologie et de Geosciences, UMR CNRS 8187 LOG, Station Marine de Wimereux, 28 Avenue Foch, 62930 Wimereux (France); Budzinski, H. [Universite Bordeaux 1, CNRS, ISM-LPTC-UMR 5255, Laboratory of Physico- and Toxico-Chemistry, 351 Cours de la Liberation, 33405 Talence (France)], E-mail: h.budzinski@ism.u-bordeaux1.fr

    2009-01-15

    To elucidate tidally related variations of hydrophobic organic contaminant (HOC) bioavailability and the impact of these contaminants on estuarine ecosystems, both PCB and PAH concentrations were investigated in the dissolved phase and in the suspended particulate material (SPM) of the Seine Estuary. Both PAH and PCB highest levels were observed in surface and bottom water when SPM remobilizations were maximum, in relation to higher speed currents. In parallel, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities were investigated in the copepod Eurytemora affinis. Significant decreasing AChE levels were measured during the tidal cycle and between surface and bottom copepods related to salinity and to HOC concentration variations. Significant increasing GST levels were also observed when HOC concentrations in the water column were the highest. This study underlined the need to standardize sampling procedures for biomonitoring studies in order to avoid interfering factors that could modify biomarker responses to chemical exposure. - Variations of contamination of E. affinis and enzymatic responses have been studied over a tide cycle in view to improve the use of this copepod for biomonitoring.

  4. Tidal influence on the distribution of hydrophobic organic contaminants in the Seine Estuary and biomarker responses on the copepod Eurytemora affinis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cailleaud, K.; Forget-Leray, J.; Peluhet, L.; LeMenach, K.; Souissi, S.; Budzinski, H.

    2009-01-01

    To elucidate tidally related variations of hydrophobic organic contaminant (HOC) bioavailability and the impact of these contaminants on estuarine ecosystems, both PCB and PAH concentrations were investigated in the dissolved phase and in the suspended particulate material (SPM) of the Seine Estuary. Both PAH and PCB highest levels were observed in surface and bottom water when SPM remobilizations were maximum, in relation to higher speed currents. In parallel, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities were investigated in the copepod Eurytemora affinis. Significant decreasing AChE levels were measured during the tidal cycle and between surface and bottom copepods related to salinity and to HOC concentration variations. Significant increasing GST levels were also observed when HOC concentrations in the water column were the highest. This study underlined the need to standardize sampling procedures for biomonitoring studies in order to avoid interfering factors that could modify biomarker responses to chemical exposure. - Variations of contamination of E. affinis and enzymatic responses have been studied over a tide cycle in view to improve the use of this copepod for biomonitoring

  5. Water - The radiological health of rivers: releases are very much controlled downstream power plants. What do hospital releases represent? The Seine reserves a surprise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2015-01-01

    After a brief presentation of the role of the IRSN in the control of the radioactivity present in waters and in the control and follow-up of all sources of radioactivity, a first article briefly present the hydro-collector network, indicates that some point samplings of sediment and aquatic species are performed, that a national network of beacons for a continuous radioactivity measurement is installed in the main French rivers, downstream nuclear installations, and that advanced measurement techniques are used to detect very small level of tritium. Maps giving a brief indication of the radiological condition of the Loire and Rhone are provided. A second article addresses the control of releases downstream power plants, and evokes the legal context and the associated objectives and produced documents. The third article discusses the risk associated with hospital wastes and releases (liquid and solid effluents), how radioactivity is controlled between the hospital and tap water distribution. The last article reports and comments the results obtained by an analysis of historical pollutions trapped in the sediments of the Seine: 40 year-old traces of plutonium have been discovered, due to an accidental release from a CEA installation in Fontenay-aux-Roses, with no detrimental impact on population or on sewer workers

  6. Evaluation of a spatialized agronomic model in predicting yield and N leaching at the scale of the Seine-Normandie Basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaudoin, N; Gallois, N; Viennot, P; Le Bas, C; Puech, T; Schott, C; Buis, S; Mary, B

    2016-09-22

    The EU directive has addressed ambitious targets concerning the quality of water bodies. Predicting water quality as affected by land use and management requires using dynamic agro-hydrogeological models. In this study, an agronomic model (STICS) and a hydrogeological model (MODCOU) have been associated in order to simulate nitrogen fluxes in the Seine-Normandie Basin, which is affected by nitrate pollution of groundwater due to intensive farming systems. This modeling platform was used to predict and understand the spatial and temporal evolution of water quality over the 1971-2013 period. A quality assurance protocol (Refsgaard et al. Environ Model Softw 20: 1201-1215, 2005) was used to qualify the reliability of STICS outputs. Four iterative runs of the model were carried out with improved parameterization of soils and crop management without any change in the model. Improving model inputs changed much more the spatial distribution of simulated N losses than their mean values. STICS slightly underestimated the crop yields compared to the observed values at the administrative district scale. The platform also slightly underestimated the nitrate concentration at the outlet level with a mean difference ranging from -1.4 to -9.2 mg NO 3  L -1 according to the aquifer during the last decade. This outcome should help the stakeholders in decision-making to prevent nitrate pollution and provide new specifications for STICS development.

  7. Analisa Teknis Pemakaian Kombinasi Lampu Metal Halide Dan Led Sebagai Pemikat Ikan Pada Kapal Pukat Cincin (Purse Seine Dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Konsumsi Bahan Bakar Genset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Septian Ragil Wibisono

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Saat ini lampu Metal Halide dipakai sebagai pemikat ikan  oleh nelayan Purse Seine. Peggunaan lampu tersebut memerlukan daya Genset yang besar karena satu lampu Metal Halide berdaya 1500 Watt. Semakin banyak lampu Metal Halide yang digunakan semakin besar pula konsumsi bahan bakar Genset. Dalam upaya penghematan energi bahan bakar maka digunakan lampu LED sebagai alternatif pemikat ikan. Lampu LED dikenal sebagai lampu yang hemat energi. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mengetahui dan membandingkan konsumsi bahan bakar Genset saat menggunakan kombinasi lampu Metal Halide dan LED. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan mengambil data konsumsi bahan bakar Genset untuk menyalakan sejumlah lampu Metal Halide dan lampu LED, kemudian dilakukan analisa regresi untuk mendapatkan model persaamaan konsumsi bahan bakar Genset. Selanjutnya dilakukan ekstrapolasi untuk memprediksi konsumsi bahan bakar saat Genset dengan jumlah lampu tertentu. Hasilnya dengan besar fluks cahaya yang hampir sama, saat penggunaan 6 lampu Metal Halide konsumsi bahan bakar sebesar 13.606,03 liter, dan saat menggunakan kombinasi lampu 1 Metal Halide dan 25 lampu LED konsumsi bahan bakar sebesar 13.255,63 liter, yang artinya terjadi penghematan bahan bakar sebesar 2,58%.

  8. Nogent-sur-Seine plant - Report on the complementary safety assessment of nuclear facilities in the light of the Fukushima accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This CSA (Complementary Safety Assessment) analyses the robustness of the Nogent-sur-Seine plant to extreme situations such as those that led to the Fukushima accident and proposes a series of improvements. Robustness is the ability for the plant to withstand events beyond the level for which the plant was designed. Robustness is linked to safety margins but also to the situations leading to a sudden deterioration of the accident sequence. Safety is not only a matter of design or of engineered systems, it is also a matter of organization. So issues like EDF's crisis organization, the organization of radiation protection, and work organization via subcontracting are also taken into consideration. The creation of a nuclear rapid action force (FARN) is proposed: this will be a national emergency force made up of specialized teams equipped to intervene in less than 24 hours on a nuclear site hit by an accident. This report is divided into 8 main chapters: 1) features of the site, 2) earthquake risk, 3) flooding risk, 4) risks due to other extreme natural disasters, 5) the loss of electrical power supplies and of heat sink, 6) management of severe accidents (accidents with core melt), 7) task subcontracting policy, 8) synthesis and list of improvements. 4 following appendices review: EDF's crisis organization, the FARN, radiation protection organization and accidental event trees. (A.C.)

  9. Cancers du sein bilatéraux synchrones et grossesse a l'institut Joliot Curie de Dakar (Sénégal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zongo, Nayi; Sawadogo, Yobi Alexis; Some, Some Ollo Roland; Bagre, Sidpawalmdé Carine; Ka, Sidy; Diouf, Doudou; Dieng, Mamadou Moustapha; Gaye, Papa Macoumba; Dem, Ahmadou

    2016-01-01

    Décrire notre stratégie diagnostique et thérapeutique dans les cancers du sein bilatéraux synchrones pendant la grossesse. L’âge gestationnel au moment du diagnostic du cancer était respectivement de 7; 21 et 25 semaines. Il s'agissait de stade IV et IIIA respectivement dans deux et un cas. Elles ont toutes bénéficié d'une chimiothérapie dans deux cas pendant la grossesse (6TEC et 3AC) et dans un cas après l'accouchement. Une mastectomie bilatérale a été réalisée dans un cas. Une patiente est décédée. Les autres étaient vivantes mais toutes métastatiques. Une hypotrophie fœtale a été notée dans un cas. Le diagnostic du cancer est tardif dans cette association. La chirurgie est faisable et le type de chirurgie serait seulement fonction du stade du cancer. La chimiothérapie est possible avec moins de complications fœtales aux deux derniers trimestres. PMID:27279967

  10. Un modèle cognitif computationnel de représentation de la connaissance au sein des environnements virtuels d’apprentissage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Najjar

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de la représentation des connaissances au sein des environnements virtuels d’apprentissage (EVA et du fait de la nature relationnelle et structurée de ces connaissances, leur exploitation nécessite de faire appel à des processus d’analyse capables de traiter et de manipuler un grand volume de données structurées. Dans ce sens, un modèle de représentation trouve sa pleine utilité pour la recherche et le traitement automatique d’information guidant le raisonnement, le diagnostic et la prédiction d’un système tuteur dont la tâche est de fournir des suggestions, des exemples et des explications bien adaptés à chaque apprenant. Nous présentons dans cet article un modèle pour représenter la connaissance du domaine et celle des usagers utilisant des EVA. Le modèle s’inspire des recherches en intelligence artificielle sur la modélisation computationnelle et des théories de la psychologie cognitive qui expliquent l’activité cognitive humaine en termes de sous-systèmes de la mémoire et de leurs processus. Ces sous-systèmes (implémentés dans un EVA, parce qu’ils sont similaires à ceux utilisés par l’apprenant, facilitent, d’une part, l’identification de la connaissance acquise correcte ou erronée, et suggèrent, d’autre part, la planification d’une séquence d’activités pédagogiques pour améliorer de manière significative le niveau cognitif de cet apprenant.

  11. Les dispositifs de fiction cinématographique au sein du documentaire Récits d’Ellis Island, de Georges Perec et Robert Bober (1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Tourneur

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Traces et Mémoires, les titres des deux parties qui composent Récits d’Ellis Island réalisé par Georges Perec et Robert Bober entre 1978 et 1980, peuvent être perçus comme résumant les enjeux majeurs du film : la restitution, à partir de vestiges, de ce que fut ce lieu de passage de millions d’émigrants, devenu « lieu de mémoire » et une volonté de considérer ces destins dans leur singularité. Dans la première partie, Traces, le texte écrit et lu par Georges Perec relie Ellis Island à un questionnement personnel sur leurs propres origines et leur identité. Perec et Bober ne s’attachent pas à une reconstitution exacte du passé, projet voué à l’échec, mais vont créer un espace fictionnel au sein du projet documentaire à travers la mise en scène de photographies (la plupart sont de Lewis Hine et datent du début du XXe siècle dans les lieux même où furent réalisées les prises de vue. Photographie et cinéma ainsi confrontés leur permettent de mener à bien une réflexion sur l’exil, la transmission d’une histoire et d’y projeter leur propre questionnement autobiographique, de l’ordre du possible, du potentiel.

  12. Metal contamination budget at the river basin scale: an original Flux-Flow Analysis (F2A for the Seine River

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Lestel

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Material flow analysis and environmental contamination analysis are merged into a Flux-Flow analysis (F2A as illustrated for the metal circulation in the Seine River catchment. F2A combines about 30 metal flows in the anthroposphere (14 million people and/or metal fluxes in the environment (atmosphere, soils, and aquatic system originating from two dozens of sources. The nature and quality of data is very heterogeneous going from downscaled national economic statistics to upscaled daily environmental surveys.

    A triple integration is performed: space integration over the catchment (65 000 km2, time integration for the 1950–2000 trend analysed at 5 year resolution, and a conceptual integration resulting in two F2A indicators.

    Despite the various data sources an average metal circulation is established for the 1994–2003 period and illustrated for zinc: (i metal circulation in the anthroposphere is now two orders of magnitude higher than river outputs, (ii long term metal storage, and their potential leaks, in soils, wastedumps and structures is also orders of magnitude higher than present river fluxes. Trend analysis is made through two F2A indicators, the per capita excess load at the river outlet and the leakage ratio (excess fluxes/metal demand. From 1950 to 2000, they both show a ten fold improvement of metal recycling while the metal demand has increased by 2.5 to 5 for Cd, Cu, Cr, Pb and Zn, and the population by 50%.

  13. Linking community tolerance and structure with low metallic contamination: a field study on 13 biofilms sampled across the Seine river basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fechner, Lise C; Gourlay-Francé, Catherine; Tusseau-Vuillemin, Marie-Hélène

    2014-03-15

    It is difficult to assess the biological consequences of diffuse water contamination by micropollutants which are present in rivers at low, even sublethal levels. River biofilms, which respond quickly to changes of environmental parameters, are good candidates to acquire knowledge on the response of aquatic organisms to diffuse chemical contamination in the field. The study was designed as an attempt to link biofilm metal tolerance and metallic contamination in a field survey covering 13 different sampling sites in the Seine river basin (north of France) with low contamination levels. Cd and Zn tolerance of heterotrophic communities was assessed using a short-term toxicity test based on β-glucosidase activity. Metal tolerance levels varied between sites but there was no obvious correlation between tolerance and corresponding water contamination levels for Cd and Zn. Indeed, metallic contamination at the sampling sites remained subtle when compared to water quality standards (only two sampling sites had either Zn or both Cu and Zn concentrations exceeding the Environmental Quality Standards set by the EU Water Framework Directive). Yet, multivariate analysis of the data using Partial Least Squares Regression revealed that both metallic and environmental parameters were important variables explaining the variability of metal tolerance levels. Automated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis (ARISA) was also performed on both bacterial and eukaryotic biofilm communities from the 13 sampling sites. Multivariate analysis of ARISA fingerprints revealed that biofilms with similar tolerance levels have similar ARISA profiles. Those results confirm that river biofilms are potential indicators of low, diffuse contamination levels of aquatic systems. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Mass balance and decontamination times of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in rural nested catchments of an early industrialized region (Seine River basin, France).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gateuille, David; Evrard, Olivier; Lefevre, Irène; Moreau-Guigon, Elodie; Alliot, Fabrice; Chevreuil, Marc; Mouchel, Jean-Marie

    2014-02-01

    Accumulation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soils and their subsequent release in rivers constitute a major environmental and public health problem in industrialized countries. In the Seine River basin (France), some PAHs exceed the target concentrations, and the objectives of good chemical status required by the European Water Framework Directive might not be achieved. This investigation was conducted in an upstream subcatchment where atmospheric fallout (n=42), soil (n=33), river water (n=26) and sediment (n=101) samples were collected during one entire hydrological year. PAH concentrations in atmospheric fallout appeared to vary seasonally and to depend on the distance to urban areas. They varied between 60 ng·L(-1) (in a remote site during autumn) and 2,380 ng·L(-1) (in a built-up area during winter). PAH stocks in soils of the catchment were estimated based on land use, as mean PAH concentrations varied between 110 ng·g(-1) under woodland and 2,120 ng·g(-1) in built-up areas. They ranged from 12 to 220 kg·km(-2). PAH contamination in the aqueous phase of rivers remained homogeneous across the catchment (72 ± 38 ng·L(-1)). In contrast, contamination of suspended solid was heterogeneous depending on hydrological conditions and population density in the drainage area. Moreover, PAH concentrations appeared to be higher in sediment (230-9,210 ng·g(-1)) than in the nearby soils. Annual mass balance calculation conducted at the catchment scale showed that current PAH losses were mainly due to dissipation (biodegradation, photo-oxidation and volatilization) within the catchments (about 80%) whereas exports due to soil erosion and riverine transport appeared to be of minor importance. Based on the calculated fluxes, PAHs appeared to have long decontamination times in soils (40 to 1,850 years) thereby compromising the achievement of legislative targets. Overall, the study highlighted the major role of legacy contamination that supplied the bulk of

  15. Present and future potential habitat distribution of Carcharhinus falciformis and Canthidermis maculata by-catch species in the tropical tuna purse-seine fishery under climate change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nerea eLezama Ochoa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available By-catch species from tropical tuna purse seine fishery have been affected by fishery pressures since the last century; however, the habitat distribution and the climate change impacts on these species are poorly known. With the objective of predicting the potential suitable habitat for a shark (Carcharhinus falciformis and a teleost (Canthidermis maculata in the Indian, Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans, a MaxEnt species distribution model (SDM was developed using data collected by observers in tuna purse seiners. The relative percentage of contribution of some environmental variables (depth, sea surface temperature, salinity and primary production and the potential impact of climate change on species habitat by the end of the century under the A2 scenario (scenario with average concentrations of carbon dioxide of 856 ppm by 2100 were also evaluated. Results showed that by-catch species can be correctly modelled using observed occurrence records and few environmental variables with SDM. Results from projected maps showed that the equatorial band and some coastal upwelling regions were the most suitable areas for both by-catch species in the three oceans in concordance with the main fishing grounds. Sea surface temperature was the most important environmental variable which contributed to explain the habitat distribution of the two species in the three oceans in general. Under climate change scenarios, the largest change in present habitat suitability is observed in the Atlantic Ocean (around 16% of the present habitat suitability area of Carcharhinus falciformis and Canthidermis maculata, respectively whereas the change is less in the Pacific (around 10% and 8% and Indian Oceans (around 3% and 2 %. In some regions such as Somalia, the Atlantic equatorial band or Peru’s coastal upwelling areas, these species could lose potential habitat whereas in the south of the equator in the Indian Ocean, the Benguela System and in the Pacific coast of

  16. L’Entrepreneuriat au sein de la famille. Marchands et entrepreneurs en Inde Entrepreneurship in the Family Context: Merchants and Entrepreneurs in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harald Tambs-Lyche

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Malgré le déni de Max Weber, l’essor actuel de l’économie indienne montre que non seulement l’esprit du capitalisme, mais aussi l’entrepreneuriat, sont bien présents en Inde. Dans cet article, j’analyse les stratégies commerciales des Gauda Saraswat Brahmanes du Sud Kanara (autour de Mangalore, sur la côte Ouest de l’Inde, en utilisant le modèle d’entrepreneuriat proposé par Fredrik Barth (1962, 1967. Fidèle à la tradition du « capitalisme de portefeuille » (Baily 1989, ces marchands distribuent leur capital entre des filières sûres mais modérément rentables, et des projets novateurs et profitables mais risqués. L’entrepreneur, ici, n’est que rarement l’individu, car il s’agit le plus souvent d’une stratégie orchestrée par la famille, qui se confond à son tour avec la firme familiale. Cette orchestration exige des chefs de famille un souci constant de management qui se manifeste en écoutant les idées des cadets et en leur confiant des rôles qui les gratifient au sein de l’entreprise familiale, tout en gardant la main sur la stratégie globale de la firme.In spite of Max Weber’s views, the present growth in the Indian economy shows rather conclusively the presence both of the spirit of capitalism and of entrepreneurship in India. In this article, I analyse the commercial strategies of the Gauda Saraswat Brahmins of South Kanara (around Mangalore, on the West coast of India, using the model of entrepreneurship proposed by Fredrik Barth (1962, 1967. True to the tradition of portefeuille capitalism (Baily 1989, these merchants distribute their capital between safe but moderately remunerative ventures, and projects that are profitable but risky. The entrepreneur, here, is rarely an individual, rather we see a strategy orchestrated by the family, which in its turn corresponds to the family firm. This organisation demands constant attention from the head of the family, who must listen to the ideas of

  17. SlideDog / Siim Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Siim

    2015-01-01

    SlideDog on multimeediumi esitluse tööriist, mis võimaldab ühendada PowerPointi esitlused, PDF-failid, Prezi esitlused, videoklipid, helifailid, veebilehed ja palju muud üheks sujuvaks esitluskogemuseks konverentsil, seminaril või muul üritusel

  18. Sein on ees / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Laurent Cantet ja Françoise Begaudeau filmist "Seinte vahel", mis on pooldokumentaalne lugu probleemsest klassikollektiivist Prantsusmaa ühes riigikoolis. Filmi aluseks on kooliõpetaja Françoise Begaudeau romaan

  19. LA DIVERSITÉ DÉPLOYÉE AU SEIN DE L’UNIVERSITÉ D’ENTREPRISE : L’APPLICATION CONCRÈTE D’UNE VALEUR ADOPTÉE PAR LA DIRECTION GÉNÉRALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Drummond-Guitel

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available La diversité devenue une valeur incontournable adoptée par les grands groupes, encore faut-t-il trouver les moyens concrets pour l’intégrer dans les pratiques des ressources humaines et dans les mentalités des personnes. Le présent papier a pour but de montrer comment les valeurs de la diversité adoptées par la direction générale ont été déclinées et appliquées dans un processus de sélection de candidats pour une formation continue au sein d’une grande organisation internationale. A travers l’application d’une méthode qualitative de recherche, 10 (dix dirigeants ayant conçu la formation et 42 (quarante-deux managers ayant suivi le programme confirment l’atteinte du but stratégique de cette formation, autrement dit, l’atteinte d’une vision partagée (SENGE, 1991, à travers la consolidation d’un fort sentiment d’appartenance à la culture organisationnelle (SCHEIN, 1995. Les managers ont été sélectionnés selon leurs différentes professions, cultures nationales et différents secteurs d’activités, confirmant ainsi une promotion de la diversité au sein de l’organisation.

  20. Influence of military low-level flight noise on the inner ear of guinea pigs. Der Einfluss von militaerischem Tieffluglaerm auf das Innenohr des Meerschweinchens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gehrig, W.; Meyer, P.; Kuhl, K.D.; Schmidt, R.; Gruetzmacher, W. (Greifswald Univ. (Germany). HNO-Klinik); Ising, H. (BGA, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Wasser-, Boden- und Lufthygiene); Ishi, K.; Merker, H.J. (Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Anatomie)

    1992-03-01

    The influence of different rises in noise level and - in cases of the repeated passage of aircraft - the impact of varying intervals between the events was to be investigated. The experimental animals used were pigmented guinea pigs of 250 to 500 grammes body weight. The auditory thresholds were measured on the anaesthesized animals by derivation of the acoustically evoked brain stem potentials from the EEGs. For the noise exposure of the animals, two types of military low-level flight noise were used: one flight overhead with a rise in noise level of 7.5 dB/s, and a second one with 75 dB/s.-unlike other cases of damage to the inner ear through noise, the damage sustained in this case was not restricted to the basal convolution but was observed in all four cochlear convolutions. This suggests a particularity of the harmful effect of low-level flight noise, which it is planned to follow up in the future. (orig./MG).

  1. Mémoire du travail et des expositions professionnelles aux cancérogènes Work account and occupational exposures to carcinogens. Survey in Seine-Saint-Denis (France Memoria del trabajo y de las exposiciones profesionales a agentes cancerígenos. Encuesta en Seine-Saint-Denis (Francia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annie Thébaud-Mony

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Selon les estimations officielles, en 2000 environ 32 millions de travailleurs européens (de l’Europe des 15 étaient exposés à des cancérogènes. Depuis 2002, considérant la maladie comme « événement-sentinelle » pour la connaissance des activités de travail exposant aux cancérogènes, le Groupement d’intérêt scientifique sur les cancers d’origine professionnelle (GISCOP93 mène une enquête permanente auprès de patients atteints de cancer en Seine Saint Denis (France. S’appuyant sur les récits recueillis auprès des patients et sur l’expertise des spécialistes en matière d’exposition, une démarche d’analyse et de classement des activités exposées a été réalisée pour l’élaboration d’un répertoire des activités de travail en présence de produits/procédés cancérogènes. L’objectif de cet article est de mettre en perspective cette nouvelle base de données par rapport à quelques sources d’information concernant l’exposition professionnelle aux cancérogènes, déjà disponibles en ligne, en montrant l’apport d’une méthode de recueil d’information fondée sur l’expérience et la parole des travailleurs.According to official estimates, in the year 2000, approximately 32 million European workers (in Europe 15 were exposed to carcinogens. Since 2002, considering the disease as a "sentinel-event" for understanding the work activities that expose workers to carcinogens, the GISCOP93 research group has been carrying out an ongoing survey on patients with cancer in Seine-Saint-Denis (France. Based on the patients’ narratives and on the expertise of exposure hazard specialists, an analysis and classification of the exposed working activities was carried out to build a new database of work activities in the presence of carcinogenic products/processes. The aim of this article is to present this database in relation to some other sources of information on occupational exposure to carcinogens

  2. The Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear power plant, at the service of a safe, competitive and CO2-free power generation in the heart of the Champagne-Ardenne region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    In less than 20 years, Electricite de France (EDF) has built up a competitive park of 58 nuclear power plants, with no equivalent elsewhere, which represents an installed power of 63.1 GW (85% of EDF's power generation). Inside this nuclear park, the national power generation centre of Nogent-sur-Seine comprises two production units of 1300 MW each (2600 MW as a whole). The facility generated 14.35 billion kWh in 2009, i.e. 2.8% of the French national power generation and about 1.5 times the energy consumed in the Champagne-Ardenne region. This brochure presents the life of the power plant under various aspects: power generation, safety priority and culture, maintenance investments, respect of the environment, long-term fuel and wastes management, local economical involvement, transparency and public information, key figures and dates. (J.S.)

  3. Les oléoprotéagineux dans les systèmes de culture : évolution des assolements et des successions culturales depuis les années 1970 dans le bassin de la Seine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schott Céline

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available For the last forty years oilseed and high-protein crops have undergone important changes in terms of area and localisation in France. On the Seine basin example, we show that the specialisation of the farming systems and the agricultural regions has strongly changed the cropping patterns by reducing grasslands which were replaced by a constant increase of the wheat area in a one hand and by a dramatic increase, from the eighties, of the rapeseed, field pea and sunflower areas in another hand. Then from the nineties, rapeseed has gradually replaced field pea and sunflower, the areas of which have fallen. The decrease in the number of cultivated species has led to a clear trend to the simplification and the shortening of the crop successions: short crop successions based on rapeseed (as rapeseedwheat- barley or rapeseed-wheat-wheat and cereal successions (as wheat-wheat-wheat, wheatwheat- barley or wheat-barley-barley have strongly increased on the Seine basin over the last twenty years. The crop succession shortening, that causes crop protection problems towards weeds, insects or diseases, is only possible in relation with an intensive use of pesticides: thus the increase of the rapeseed area is positively correlated with the increase of the average number of plant pest controls, especially with herbicides. These agricultural dynamics have negative impacts on environment and enhance the economical risks the farms have to cop with. As a consequence, a new crop diversification, supported by policy-making and agricultural production networks, seems to be a strong future issue.

  4. LA DIVERSITÃ DÃPLOYÃE AU SEIN DE LâUNIVERSITÃ DâENTREPRISE : LâAPPLICATION CONCRÃTE DâUNE VALEUR ADOPTÃE PAR LA DIRECTION GÃNÃRALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Drummond-Guitel

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available La diversité devenue une valeur incontournable adoptée par les grands groupes, encore faut-t-il trouver les moyens concrets pour lâintégrer dans les pratiques des ressources humaines et dans les mentalités des personnes. Le présent papier a pour but de montrer comment les valeurs de la diversité adoptées par la direction générale ont été déclinées et appliquées dans un processus de sélection de candidats pour une formation continue au sein dâune grande organisation internationale. A travers lâapplication dâune méthode qualitative de recherche, 10 (dix dirigeants ayant conçu la formation et 42 (quarante-deux managers ayant suivi le programme confirment lâatteinte du but stratégique de cette formation, autrement dit, lâatteinte dâune vision partagée (SENGE, 1991, à travers la consolidation dâun fort sentiment dâappartenance à la culture organisationnelle (SCHEIN, 1995. Les managers ont été sélectionnés selon leurs différentes professions, cultures nationales et différents secteurs dâactivités, confirmant ainsi une promotion de la diversité au sein de lâorganisation.

  5. Bei dem Kranken sein. Einige biblische Gedanken

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Warzecha

    2007-09-01

    Die Leute, die die schwer Kranken pflegen, den biblischen Volontären ähnlich, müssen selber ihren Glauben entwickeln und im Gebet verharren. So unterstützen sie nicht nur die Kranken und ihre Familien, sondern auch vertiefen ihre Spiritualität und nicht den Sinn ihres Dienstes bezweifeln.

  6. Das CARNOTsche Paradigma und seine erkenntnistheoretischen Implikationen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schöpf, Hans-Georg

    Der vorliegende historisch-kritische Essay führt die Eigentümlichkeiten der klassischen phänomenologischen Thermodynamik auf das von CARNOT geschaffene Paradigma zurück und greift einige damit zusammenhängende Fragen auf.Translated AbstractCARNOT's Paradigm and its Epistemological ImplicationsThe present historic-critical essay traces the pecularities of classical phenomenological thermodynamics back to the paradigm, created by CARNOT, and takes up some questions to which this paradigm gives rise.

  7. Parcellaires fossoyés du Haut Empire des plateaux de Brie : Jossigny/Serris et Moissy-Cramayel (Seine-et-Marne. Approche méthodologique de l'étude des réseaux Ditch-marked land division from the Early Roman Empire, the Brie plateau: Jossigny/Serris and Moissy-Cramayel (Seine-et-Marne. Methodological approach to the study of networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Desrayaud

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Deux opérations archéologiques préventives à Jossigny/Serris et à Moissy-Cramayel en Seine-et-Marne (Île-de-France ont permis de révéler l’existence de réseaux de fossés gallo-romains sur plusieurs dizaines d’hectares. Des zones d’habitat et/ou d’activités ont également été décelées. Les bases de ces réseaux sont posées pendant la fin du Ier s. av. J.-C. ou la première moitié du Ier s. ap. J.-C. Au cours du IIIe s. ap. J.-C., les secteurs d’occupation et les fossés sont abandonnés. Ces fossés, pour la plupart rectilignes et couvrant parfois plusieurs centaines de mètres de longueur, pouvaient remplir la triple fonction de drain, de limite parcellaire et d’enclos de contention/protection. Leurs morphologies ainsi que leurs contextes pédologiques et topographiques semblent traduire une volonté de drainage des sols, pouvant correspondre à une mise en culture. Une méthodologie visant à l’analyse des orientations et des localisations des axes supposés des vestiges linéaires (fossés, murs, chemins… a été développée. Elle a permis d'émettre l'hypothèse d'ensembles “ orthogonaux ” contemporains. Des études comparatives et statistiques ont également été menées sur la possible existence de modules de distance et de surface. Il semble que les superficies des lopins enclos “ orthogonaux ” aient pu être fondées sur des modules correspondant ou se rapprochant d’unités antiques connues. Pour les deux sites étudiés, ces éléments nous paraissent constituer de forts indices de la présence d’un réseau de drainage agricole correspondant à un découpage parcellaire au moins en partie orthonormé.Two rescue archaeology excavations, near the French villages of Jossigny/Serris and Moissy-Cramayel (Paris area, Seine-et-Marne, have revealed the presence of Gallo-Roman ditch networks covering tens of acres. Activity areas and/or habitation sites have also been detected. The bases of

  8. Sein oder Nichtsein”: Zur Konstruktion muslimischer Identität im IS-Journal Rumiyah. ("To be or not to be": On the construction of Muslim identity in the IS journal Rumiyah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Ohl

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Der Islamische Staat (IS gilt im Hinblick auf die Nutzung des Internets gemeinhin als versiertester Akteur unter extremistischen Gruppierungen. Seine Online-Aktivitäten nutzt er dabei zu verschiedenen Zwecken: Sie ermöglichen unter anderem die Radikalisierung und Mobilisierung von unterschiedlichsten Gruppen, Fundraising oder die Planung und Durchführung von Attacken. Eine besondere Rolle wird hierbei im westlichen Kontext dem Magazin Rumiyah zuteil, stellt es doch eines der Leitmedien islamistischer Propaganda dar. Zudem wird in diesem Magazin ein bestimmtes Bild eines Muslims dargelegt, welches den idealtypischen Vorstellungen des IS entspricht. Über diese Vorstellungen wird versucht, eine einheitliche kollektive Identität der Angehörigen des Islams zu zeichnen – die eigene. Das Ziel dieses Beitrages ist es daher aufzuzeigen, welche Einstellungen und Praktiken vom IS als muslimisch attribuiert werden und mit welchen Mitteln er dieses Bild konstruiert. Hierfür wurden mit einer qualitativen Inhaltsanalyse nach Mayring die ersten zehn Ausgaben von Rumiyah analysiert. Der Fokus der Untersuchung lag jedoch hierbei nicht auf den Effekten kollektiver Identitäten für die Individuen, sondern vielmehr auf ontologischen Fragen der kollektiven Identitäten. Der Beitrag beginnt zunächst mit einer kurzen Einführung in die Forschung zu kollektiven Identitäten. Im Anschluss werden die Ergebnisse der Untersuchung präsentiert. Die Studie versucht dabei zu zeigen, dass die muslimische Identität in Rumiyah vornehmlich über zwei Faktoren gezeichnet werden soll: Handlungsanweisungen und In-Group vs. Out-Group Mechanismen. Weiterhin zeigt sich im Vergleich zum Vorgängermagazin Dabiq auch, dass der IS neue Schwerpunkte in der Verbreitung seiner Ideologie setzt. Galt lange Zeit der Westen als stärkstes Feindbild, wird in Rumiyah vor allem eine intra-muslimische Abgrenzung unternommen. Abschließend werden prominente Lösungsansätze f

  9. Le Phénomène Wolf-Rayet au Sein des Etoiles chaudes de Populations I et II: Histoire des Vents stellaires et Impact sur la Structure nébulaire circumstellaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosdidier, Yves

    2000-12-01

    -pics de BD +30 3639 suggère une anisotropie transitoire de la distribution des fragments dans le vent; (3) Le phénomène WR apparaît purement atmosphérique: la cinématique des sous-pics, les amplitudes et les échelles de temps caractéristiques des variations, ainsi que les accélérations observées sont similaires pour les deux populations. Mais, pour HD 826, une accélération maximale d'environ 70 m/s2 est détectée, valeur significativement plus importante que celles rapportées pour les autres étoiles WR pop. I & II (environ 15 m/s2). La petitesse du rayon de HD 826 en serait la cause; (4) Comme pour les WR pop. I, de grands paramètres (β supérieur ou égal à 3-10) sont requis pour ajuster les accélérations observées avec une loi de vitesse de type beta. La loi beta sous-estime systématiquement les gradients de vitesse au sein de la région de formation de la raie CIIIl5696; (5) Les vents WR pop. II étant fragmentés, l'estimation des taux de perte de masse actuels à partir de méthodes supposant les atmosphères homogènes conduit à une surestimation i) des taux de perte de masse eux-mêmes, et ii) des masses initiales des étoiles avant qu'elles n'entrent dans la phase WR. IMPACT DES VENTS: (1) Au périastre, de la poussière est détectée dans l'environnement de la binaire WC+OB WR 137. La formation de poussières est soit facilitée, soit provoquée par la collision des deux vents chauds; le rôle capital de la fragmentation des vents (fournissant une compression localisée supplémentaire du plasma) est suggéré (2) La nébuleuse M 1-67 affiche une interaction avec le milieu interstellaire (MIS) non-négligeable (``bow-shock''). Les champs de densité et de vitesse sont très perturbés. Ces perturbations sont reliées, d'une part, à l'histoire des vents issus de WR 124 durant sa propre évolution, d'autre part, à l'interaction avec le MIS. Les fonctions de structure des champs de densitéet de vitesse de M 1-67 ne révèlent aucun indice

  10. Concept de service innovant et d'incitation au développement durable: étude de faisabilité d'un système d'échange implémenté au sein d'un réseau de parties prenantes

    OpenAIRE

    Nginamau, Maria Prisca Mbuilu; Fragnière, Emmanuel; Place, Christophe

    2014-01-01

    implémenté au sein d’un réseau de parties prenantes. En réaction à la crise financière de 2008 et après un vote unanime le 29 mai 2013 à l’Assemblée Générale d’APRÈS-GE, qui regroupe près de 250 membres, la Chambre de l’Économie Sociale et Solidaire a décidé de coopérer dans le processus de création d’une monnaie complémentaire porté par le groupe Monnaie Grand Genève ou Grand Genève : une monnaie solidaire et APRÈS-GE, comptant près de 70 personnes bénévoles actives. Ce projet débutera effec...

  11. Faciliter la transition vers un système de gestion électronique des documents: retour d'expérience du déploiement en cours au sein de l'hôpital neuchâtelois

    OpenAIRE

    Beuret, Dominique; Gurtner, Jean-Luc; Thiébaud, Marc

    2016-01-01

    Mettre en place un système de gestion électronique des documents (GED) n'est pas un long fleuve tranquille, encore moins dans une structure aussi complexe qu'un hôpital réunissant plusieurs milliers de collaborateurs. Son impact structurant bouleverse l'organisation du travail, les habitudes et les pratiques des collaborateurs. Ce travail de certificat étudie les réactions générées au sein de l'hôpital neuchâtelois dans le contexte du déploiement d'une GED et se penche plus particulièrement s...

  12. Generalized study of the return to equilibrium of a particle in a plasma (Fokker-Planck formalism) (1961); Etude generale du retour a l'equilibre d'une particule au sein d'un plasma (formalisme de Fokker-Planck) (1961)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salmon, J [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Faculte des Sciences de Caen, 14 (France)

    1961-07-01

    The author examines the problem of the return to equilibrium of a particle in a plasma and completely explains Fokker-Planck equation. After that, he studies the possibility of interpreting the return of the test particle to Maxwellian distribution, using the development - which is obtained. He discusses the validity limits of the Rosenbluth, MacDonald and Judd approximation. (author) [French] Examinant le probleme du retour a l'equilibre d'une particule test au sein d'un plasma en equilibre, l'auteur cherche a expliciter completement l'expression de l'operateur de Fokker-Planck. Il etudie ensuite les conditions de coherence, c'est-a-dire la possibilite pour le developpement obtenu de traduire le retour de la particule test a l'etat maxwellien et discute des limites de validite de la formule de 'Rosenbluth, Mac Donald et Judd'. (auteur)

  13. Der Cranach-Altar im Veitsdom - seine Entstehung und sein Untergang

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šroněk, Michal; Horníčková, Kateřina

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 58, č. 1 (2010), s. 2-16 ISSN 0049-5123 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA800330902 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511; CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : St Vitus cathedral * Lucas Cranach * Prague * altar decoration Subject RIV: AL - Art , Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  14. Gisbertus Voetius (1589-1676). Sein Theologieverständnis und seine Gotteslehre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beck, A.J.

    2007-01-01

    Gisbertus Voetius was the first rector and 'primarius theologiae professor' of Utrecht University in its beginning years. Although he is regarded as one of the most important and influential Reformed theologians of the 17th century, his extensive oeuvre, which predominantly resulted from active

  15. 3-minute Stephen Hawking. His life, theories and influence; Stephen Hawking im 3-Minuten-Takt. Sein Leben, sein Werk, sein Einfluss

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsons, Paul; Dixon, Gail

    2013-09-01

    3-minutes Stephen Hawking offers a compact introduction to life and work of this impressing scientist. This book is devided into three parts: Hawking's life, his theories, his influence. Each part offers fascinating reading material for one hour. The partial themes of this book are served up in practical 3-minute portions.

  16. Work/Family Balancing and 24/7 Work Schedules: Network Analysis of Strategies in a Transport Company Cleaning Service: Concilier travail-famille et horaires 24/7: analyse réseau des stratégies au sein du service de nettoyage d'une compagnie de transport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefrançois, Mélanie; Saint-Charles, Johanne; Riel, Jessica

    2017-11-01

    'horaire, mais aussi dans l'inclusion au sein du réseau de relations. L'article conclut en proposant des pistes de solutions concrètes pour la réduction de ces inégalités.

  17. LESIONS INFRA CLINIQUES DU SEIN A LIBREVILLE (GABON ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    de foyer de micro calcifications d'allure évolutive et suspecte (11%). Une reprise chirurgicale a été jugée nécessaire pour 17 cas de carcinomes canalaires invasifs du fait des marges d'exérèse insuffisantes : 5 mastectomies selon Patey et 12 mastectomies partielles associées, à chaque fois, à un curage ganglionnaire.

  18. Jakub Horčický (Sinapius) und seine Nobilitation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Smolka, J.; Purš, Ivo

    -, č. 14 (2014), s. 101-113 ISSN 1213-5372 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP405/12/1268 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : alchemy * heraldry * symbols * Rudolf II * Voynich manuscript Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  19. Aufschaeumbarer Metallkoerper, Verfahren zu seiner Herstellung und seine Verwendung

    OpenAIRE

    Baumeister, J.; Veltl, G.; Zimmer, N.

    2003-01-01

    WO2003069002 A UPAB: 20030910 NOVELTY - Production of an expandable metal body comprises compacting a mixture containing at least one metal and at least one gas-splitting expanding agent to form a semi-finished product, in which the particles of the metal are tightly bound to one another and form a gas-tight seal for gas particles released from the gas expanding agent. DETAILED DESCRIPTION - A mixture of powdered or liquid metal and powdered or liquid metal-containing expanding agent intermed...

  20. Smoothed Bootstrap und seine Anwendung in parametrischen Testverfahren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handschuh, Dmitri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In empirical research, the distribution of observations is usually unknown. This creates a problem if parametric methods are to be employed. The functionality of parametric methods relies on strong parametric assumptions. If these are violated the result of using classical parametric methods is questionable. Therefore, modifications of the parametric methods are required, if the appropriateness of their assumptions is in doubt. In this article, a modification of the smoothed bootstrap is presented (using the linear interpolation to approximate the distribution law suggested by the data. The application of this modification to statistical parametric methods allows taking into account deviations of the observed data distributions from the classical distribution assumptions without changing to other hypotheses, which often is implicit in using nonparametric methods. The approach is based on Monte Carlo method and is presented using one-way ANOVA as an example. The original and the modified statistical methods lead to identical outcomes when the assumptions of the original method are satisfied. For strong violations of the distributional assumptions, the modified version of the method is generally preferable. All procedures have been implemented in SAS. Test characteristics (type 1 error, the operating characteristic curve of the modified ANOVA are calculated.

  1. 50 CFR 300.223 - Purse seine fishing restrictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... wood or other rigid material able to support a minimum of 100 lb (34.1 kg) without breaking or.... (vi) Sea turtle resuscitation. If a sea turtle brought aboard appears dead or comatose, the following... retention of a dead sea turtle for research. In releasing a sea turtle the vessel owner or operator must: (A...

  2. De l’autorité à l’affect : transformation des paternités au sein de la jeunesse ouagalaise scolarisée (Burkina Faso From Authority to Affection: The Transformation of Paternity Roles among Schooled Ouagalese Youth (Burkina Faso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacinthe Mazzocchetti

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article porte sur la transformation du rôle de l’homme en tant que père au sein de la jeunesse scolarisée ouagalaise (Burkina Faso, Afrique de l’Ouest. Pour les jeunes hommes scolarisés, à la différence du reste de la fratrie, la logique “classique” d’ascension sociale, d’accès au statut de chef de famille, était jusqu’il y a peu celle des études débouchant sur un emploi, lequel permettait de se marier et d’entretenir un foyer. Aujourd’hui, suite à la crise socioéconomique qui touche ce pays, beaucoup de ces jeunes hommes, qui ont pourtant étudié durant de nombreuses années, qui se sont sacrifiés afin de réussir pour eux mais aussi pour leur famille, n’accèdent pas à la réussite et à la reconnaissance ; ils sont incapables de rendre à ceux qui les ont aidés, incapables de se marier… Se pose dès lors la question de la possibilité d’être “père” quand les conditions économiques et sociales ne permettent plus d’entretenir une famille. Une relation autre qu’autoritaire et nourricière est à inventer. On observe dès lors une redéfinition progressive de l’image de l’enfant et des rapports père/enfants. Les désirs et besoins de descendance se transforment et en vis-à-vis, l’éducation et l’investissement affectif diffèrent.This article deals with transformations in the role of men as fathers among schooled Ouagalese youth (Burkina Faso, West Africa. For the educated young men, unlike the rest of the extended family, the “classical” logic of social advancement, of access to the status of family chief, until recently, has been that of study leading to employment, which in turn allowed them to marry and support a household. Today, due to the socio-economic crisis that has hit the country, many of these young men, although they have studied many years and have sacrificed in order to succeed, for themselves as well as for their families, do not reach their goals and gain

  3. A Phenomenological Heat Transfer Model of SI Engines – Application to the Simulation of a Full-Hybrid Vehicle Un modèle phénoménologique de transfert thermique au sein de moteurs à allumage commandé — Application à la simulation d’un véhicule full-hybride

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dubouil R.

    2013-02-01

    ICE on its thermal behaviour. Especially, it appears that the efficiency of the engine is less penalized than expected by the cold state of the engine. Finally, a parametric study of the modeled engine and a research of a possible optimization of the engine efficiency and the warm-up period are done. Un véhicule hybride électrique permet des économies de carburant non négligeables grâce à une meilleure utilisation du Moteur à Combustion Interne (MCI sur des points de régime-charge à meilleurs rendements. Cependant ce fonctionnement particulier a un impact sur le comportement thermique du MCI, en particulier, pendant sa période de chauffe après un départ à froid. En effet, le moteur peut être arrêté lorsque le véhicule est à l’arrêt (système Stop&Start ainsi que pendant les phases de propulsion en électrique pur (possible à vitesse faible si l’état de charge de la batterie est suffisamment élevé entraînant un manque de source de chaleur et donc un ralentissement du réchauffement du moteur. De plus, l’utilisation du MCI avec des charges plus importantes lors de la recharge des batteries provoque une augmentation de la puissance thermique disponible issue de la combustion. Les stratégies de contrôle d’un véhicule hybride (répartition d’énergie entre les deux types de propulsion : thermique et électrique ont un effet important sur sa consommation finale. Ainsi, la simulation phénoménologique 0D de véhicules hybrides est utile afin d’évaluer l’efficacité de ces stratégies. Cependant, il existe un nombre très limité d’études où la période de chauffe du moteur thermique est prise en compte dans ce type de simulations. Un outil de simulation utilisant le logiciel Amesim a été développé afin de simuler la montée en température du MCI utilisé dans un système de propulsion hybride parallèle. Le modèle est construit afin de prendre en compte les phénomènes thermiques ayant lieu au sein de cet élément. Un

  4. Manque-t-il de dirigeantes au sein des think tanks ? | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 sept. 2017 ... À l'aide de sa nouvelle Politique d'aide internationale féministe, le Canada démontre son engagement à augmenter le nombre de femmes assumant des rôles de leadership sur le plan économique. Dans le même ordre d'idées, le cinquième objectif de développement durable vise la réalisation de l'égalité ...

  5. From COBRA to the Seine, August 1944: A Microcosm of the Operational Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-09

    while Patto , c,,rducted operational maneuvers in the German rear. Hill 217 was decisive t erra i r. The 2nd SS Piz Div reached almost to St.Hilaire by...with Eberbach as a r-eplacement for- vonr Funick. But the combined effects oif TOTALIZE, stiffening pressure at lortamii aria Patto -n’ 5 cuit north

  6. ANALISIS DAYA SAING PERIKANAN CAKALANG (KATSUWONUS PELAMIS PADA ALAT TANGKAP PURSE SEINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    fajriah fajriah

    2014-12-01

    The result showed that; Skipjack fishery business using in Kendari has a good competitiveness in both domestic and international market. This result implied that the skipjack fishery business in Kendari is economically and financially feasible, and will become more competitive if supported by government's policy on input and output prices of the skipjack fishery business

  7. Echography and operated or irradiated breasts; Echographie et seins operes, irradies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baratte, B.; Neel-Paprocki, V.; Grumbach, Y. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, 80 - Amiens (France)

    1995-12-31

    Since 1985, the medical survey of patients operated even for benign or malignant initial breast injury comprises an X-ray mammal examination and a mammal echography. Until 1993, the echography was performed with a CGR scanner device with a 7.5 MHz barrette. Now, a GE RTX 400 device with two MHz barrettes is used, one with a removable interposition equipment and the other for echography controlled punctures. Echographic modifications are dependent on the treatment used: partial or complete surgery and/or irradiation. Early and late normal echographic aspects must be known. Echography is particularly efficient for the diagnosis of post-surgery hematoma, lymphocele and abscess and for the detection of recurrence in the case of dense breast. Its combination with X-ray radiography can solve most diagnosis problems. In any case of doubt, puncture or tru-cut biopsy must be done, and if not sufficient, the use of NMR imaging remains of great help. (J.S.).

  8. The beach-seine fishery off Durban, KwaZulu-Natal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1996-07-23

    Jul 23, 1996 ... the mean weight of a crate of fish, mean lengths of fish caught .... or beyond the Natal Sharks Board protective shark nets. (approximately 300 m offshore). ..... Spotfin flathead. White karanteen ... Great barracuda. Yellow stripe ...

  9. The draft Geoblocking Regulation and its possible impact on B2C contracts / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2017-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu määruse eelnõust, mis käsitleb siseturul asukohapõhist piiramist ja muul viisil diskrimineerimist kliendi kodakondsuse, elukoha või asukoha alusel ja selle eelnõu võimalikest tagajärgedest

  10. Les traces du "recyclage" dans des cahiers d'eleves de Seine-et-Marne et des Hauts-de-Seine (Impact of Teachers' Inservice Training on the Work of Students from the Seine-et-Marne and the Hauts-de-Seine Districts).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguttes, Pierrette; Le Goff, Josiane

    1980-01-01

    Reports the results of an investigation on institutes for elementary school teachers inservice training, based on questionnaires directed to the trainees and the educators, and on an analysis of students' work. Focuses on various aspects of French language teaching and especially on grammar and vocabulary exercises. (MES)

  11. Radiation-induced pemphigus vulgaris of the breast; Pemphigus vulgaire radio-induit du sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vigna-Taglianti, R.; Russi, E.G. [Department of radiotherapy, Santa Croce e Carle general hospital, Via M. Coppino, 12100 Cuneo (Italy); Denaro, N. [Oncology department, university of Messina, Via consolare Valeria no 1, 98100 Messina (Italy); Numico, G. [Department of medical oncology, U. Parini hospital, 11100 Aosta (Italy); Brizio, R. [Department of histopathology, Santa Croce e Carle general hospital, Via M. Coppino, 12100 Cuneo (Italy)

    2011-07-15

    Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare autoimmune muco-cutaneous bullous disease. Patients with a history of pemphigus vulgaris - who need radiotherapy - may show a long lasting bullous cutaneous manifestation, typical of pemphigus, within radiation fields. The literature describes fewer than 20 radio-induced cases. While systematic corticosteroid therapy has proven to be useful, topical treatment used in association with corticosteroid therapy is rarely described. To our knowledge the use of modern dressing products has never been described. We report our experience in a case in which modern dressing products were usefully associated to systemic therapy. (authors)

  12. Imagerie par modulation acoustique de conductivite electrique destinee au diagnostic du cancer du sein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gendron, Mathieu

    This thesis describes a new medical imaging technique for determining the electrical conductivity distribution of tissues in a body region with a resolution comparable to that of current ultrasound techniques. The new technique, henceforth referred to as "Acousto-Electric Conductivity Modulation" (AECM) imaging, is based on the interaction of a sound wave with an electrical field. In its simplest form, four electrodes located near the region to be imaged apply a low-amplitude electrical current and measure the potential difference arising from current flow in the tissues. A focused ultrasound transducer directs a pressure wave to a voxel of the region of interest, modifying its conductivity distribution and, as a result, the amplitude of the potential measured by the electrodes. An image of the conductivity distribution can thus be constructed point-by-point by moving the electrodes and transducer to scan the object. In this context, the acoustic wave acts as the localization agent while the electrical potential provides a measure of the local conductivity change that occurs in the voxel. The first model presented in the thesis is based on the use of bipolar acoustic waves for excitation. This waveform is generally used with narrow band transducers. Acoustic waves generated by an ultrasound transducer driven with a burst of sine waves consists of alternating compression and rarefaction phases which tend to cancel each other in terms of the conductivity changes they produce. However when the thickness of the target object is small compared to the wavelength of the acoustic wave, this cancelling effect will not occur and the AECM signals will have sufficiently high amplitude to achieve image reconstruction using successive transducer positions to scan the region of interest. By extracting from the spectra of the AECM signals the amplitude of the peak at the excitation frequency, a map of the acousto-electric sensitivity of the system can be obtained. This map is then used to reconstruct the electrical conductivity distribution. The second model presented in the thesis uses a unipolar acoustic wave to generate AECM signals of relatively large amplitude. There are two aspects related to this type of wave. The first aspect is that the acoustic modulation is unidirectional if the applied pressure is unidirectional. As a result, a positive pressure only produces an increase in electrical conductivity and this will result in a large AECM signal even when the thickness of the object is large. The second aspect concerns the shape of the acoustic field. Since the unipolar acoustic wave is not focused, it modulates the conductivity over a large area, and thus the associated AECM signals needs to be processed through a reconstruction algorithm so as to recover local conductivity. In this model, the data required for image reconstruction are acquired by rotating the transducer around the target object. An experimental setup has been developed during our project to get values of certain parameter that are required to define the numerical models. The setup comprises a large tank which is filled with water and in which are immersed the ultrasound transducer, a hydrophone and a measurement cell. The acousto-electric interaction takes place within this cell. A computer controlled positioning system allows precise displacements of the transducer relative to the hydrophone and the measurement cell. This cell comprises a cavity in which the object to be analyzed is placed and that is then filled with an electrolytic solution. The cavity is closed on two sides by an acoustic window to allow propagation of the ultrasound wave and on another side by six Ag/AgCl electrodes that are used to apply current and to measure the resulting electrical potential. Mammography is presently the most widely used medical imaging procedure for breast cancer screening. The average sensitivity of this technique is 80 % but it is less for younger women. According to recent studies, MRI offers a higher sensitivity and the possibility of detecting very small tumors, thus allowing earlier treatment. The operating costs of MRI systems are at the moment too high to consider using the modality for breast cancer screening on a large scale. AECM imaging could eventually provide an interesting compromise between operating costs and the sensitivity required for screening patients of all ages. (Abstract shortened by UMI.).

  13. Radiotherapy for breast cancer and pacemaker; Radiotherapie pour un cancer du sein et stimulateur cardiaque

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menard, J.; Campana, F.; Bollet, M.A.; Dendale, R.; Fournier-Bidoz, N.; Marchand, V.; Mazal, A.; Fourquet, A.; Kirova, Y.M. [Oncologie-radiotherapie, institut Curie, 26, rue d' Ulm, 75005 Paris (France); Kirov, K.M.; Esteve, M. [Departement d' anesthesie-reanimation-douleur, institut Curie, 75005 Paris (France)

    2011-06-15

    Purpose. - Patients with permanent cardiac pacemakers occasionally require radiotherapy. Therapeutic Irradiation may cause pacemakers to malfunction due to the effects of ionizing radiation or electromagnetic interference. We studied the breast cancer patients who needed breast and/or chest wall and lymph node irradiation to assess the feasibility and tolerance in this population of patients. Patients and methods. - From November 2008 to December 2009, more than 900 patients received radiotherapy for their breast cancer in our department using megavoltage linear accelerator (X 4-6 MV and electrons). Among them, seven patients were with permanent pacemaker. All patients have been treated to the breast and chest wall and/or lymph nodes. Total dose to breast and/or chest wall was 50 Gy/25 fractions and 46 Gy/23 fractions to lymph nodes. Patients who underwent conserving surgery followed by breast irradiation were boosted when indicated to tumour bed with 16 Gy/8 fractions. All patients were monitored everyday in presence of radiation oncologist to follow the function of their pacemaker. All pacemakers were controlled before and after radiotherapy by the patients' cardiologist. Results. - Seven patients were referred in our department for postoperative breast cancer radiotherapy. Among them, only one patient was declined for radiotherapy and underwent mastectomy without radiotherapy. In four cases the pacemaker was repositioned before the beginning of radiotherapy. Six patients, aged between 48 and 84 years underwent irradiation for their breast cancer. Four patients were treated with conserving surgery followed by breast radiotherapy and two with mastectomy followed by chest wall and internal mammary chain, supra- and infra-clavicular lymph node irradiation. The dose to the pacemaker generator was kept below 2 Gy. There was no pacemaker dysfunction observed during the radiotherapy. Conclusion. - The multidisciplinary work with position change of the pacemaker before radiotherapy and everyday monitoring permitted the safe treatment of our patients. Updated guidelines are definitely needed with more details about acceptable doses at the different parts of the pacemaker. (authors)

  14. Réseautage au sein des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique sont essentiels au financement et à la promotion de la recherche et de l'innovation. Une récente étude de délimitation de la portée financée par le CRDI a souligné le rôle important qu'ils jouent dans les réseaux scientifiques nationaux en Afrique subsaharienne.

  15. How should communal gas supply be organized?; Wie muss eine kommunale Gasversorgung organisiert sein?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolters, T.

    2000-06-01

    Reliable gas supply requires a reliable and economical organisational and procedural structure. These aspects were discussed theoretically and with the aid of examples in a diploma thesis which received a DVGW award. [German] Eine sichere Gasversorgung verlangt auch nach einer planvollen und angemessenen Aufbau- und Ablauforganisation eines Unternehmens. In einer vom DVGW ausgezeichneten Diplomarbeit wurden diese Aspekte theoretisch und an Beispielen eroertert. (orig.)

  16. Humboldt der Seefahrer und sein Marinechronometer Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Nautik und Meereskunde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Kortum

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, Spanish and German. HUMBOLDT the Navigator and his ChronometerA Contribution to the History of Navigation and OceanographyHUMBOLDT acquired a remarkable precision time-keeper instrument shortly before he left Paris for his Journey to the Neotropics (1799-1804. This chronometer was made by the famous Swiss-French watchmaker Louis BERTHOUD (1753-1813 with the series number 27. It had belonged to "the celebrated BORDA", as HUMBOLDT stated in his "Personal Narrative". Jean Louis BORDA (1733-1799 was a 18th century French navigator, mathematician and cartographer, who invented or improved a number of geomagnetic instruments. HUMBOLDT used this pocket chronometer for his routine astronomic and geomagnetic observations and to fix the longitude of his position while on board a vessel in the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. Until John "Timekeeper" HARRISON developed his famous "H 4" chronometer in 1773, a strategic invention for a maritime power as Great Britain, the longitude was a major navigational problem. HUMBOLDT, who confessed that he had a "peculiar predelication for the sea", developed great nautical skills, and his findings were much better than those of the pilots. Furthermore he used the chronometer to observe and calculate ocean currents and to improve the geographical coordinates and thus the maps for many places in Latin America. So, beside his thermometer and barometer, the chronometer certainly was a very basic instrument in the state-of-the-art collection of scientific equipment he bought before leaving Europe.

  17. 76 FR 283 - International Fisheries; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Vessel Capacity Limit in the Purse Seine Fishery...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... of implementing a capacity management regime, the United States chose to further limit its fleet... Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) Resolution on the Capacity of the Tuna Fleet Operating.... industry consistent with the IATTC management framework. DATES: These regulations become effective on...

  18. The integrity concept and its implementation; Das Integritaetskonzept und seine praktische Anwendung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roos, E.; Herter, K.H.; Schuler, X. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). MPA; Koenig, G. [EnBW Kernkraft GmbH, Neckarwestheim (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    The safety of nuclear power plants is mainly based on the assumption that operational and accidental loads on mechanical components and systems that must not fail due to their safety relevant importance can be controlled. This implies that the respective quality is available and assured over the complete projected lifetime. In this context the term ''break preclusion'' is often used which is commonly defined as the ''leak-before-break'' demonstration based on fracture mechanical analysis in connection with fulfilled basic safety for design and manufacture. Usually it is not taken into account that for guaranteed break preclusion the controllability of any possible operational damage mechanism is of crucial importance. On the contrary, the integrity concept as implementation of the basic safety concept taking into account the particular plant-specific preconditions constitutes a closed master plan that accommodates for the necessity of a multi-level safeguarding and continuous actualization. The integrity concept is part of the aging management for mechanical components and systems. The practical implementation of this concept for integrity confirmation is demonstrated for the case of the feed water lines within the containment of the NPP GKN1. [German] Die Sicherheit von Kernkraftwerken basiert wesentlichen darauf, dass die aus betrieblichen Belastungen und aus postulierten Stoerfallen resultierenden Beanspruchungen mechanischer Komponenten und Systeme, die entsprechend ihrer sicherheitstechnischen Bedeutung nicht versagen duerfen, sicher beherrscht werden koennen. Dies setzt voraus, dass die hierzu erforderliche Qualitaet ueber die gesamte Betriebszeit zur Verfuegung steht. Oft wird in diesem Zusammenhang der Begriff ''Bruchausschluss'' verwendet, unter dem haeufig ausschliesslich der ''Leck-vor-Bruch''-Nachweis durch eine bruchmechanische Analyse in Verbindung mit einer basissicheren Auslegung und Herstellung verstanden wird. Dabei wird nicht beruecksichtigt, dass fuer die Gewaehrleistung von Bruchausschluss die Beherrschung der Ursachen von im Betrieb moeglichen Schaedigungsmechanismen von entscheidender Bedeutung ist. Im Gegensatz dazu stellt das ''Integritaetskonzept'' als Umsetzung des Basissicherheitskonzepts unter Beruecksichtigung der jeweiligen anlagenspezifischen Voraussetzungen ein geschlossenes Gesamtkonzept dar, das der Notwendigkeit einer mehrstufigen Absicherung und ''laufender'' Aktualisierung Rechnung traegt. Das Integritaetskonzept ist Bestandteil des Alterungsmanagements fuer mechanische Komponenten und Systeme. Am Beispiel der Speisewasserleitung innerhalb Containment der Anlage GKN 1 wird dessen praktische Anwendung zum Nachweis der Integritaet aufgezeigt. (orig.)

  19. Levels and trends of organohalogen compounds in mussels from the Seine estuary in 1981 - 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansson, I.; Moisan, K.; Guiot, N.; Truquet, I.; Munschy, C.; Tronczynski, J. [IFREMER, Nantes (France)

    2004-09-15

    Even though the use of many organohalogen compounds have decreased or even ceased during the recent years, the release of these contaminants to the environment from different sources continues. The research efforts of the last two decades provided evidence of the spread throughout the global environment of certain persistent organic compounds and quantitative understanding of the mechanisms of the distribution of these and other compounds in the environmental reservoirs, including living organisms and human population. It appears that these compounds are now embedded in the natural biogeochemical cycles. The recent data reveal also pulses of banned POPs in air concentrations in U.S. and Canada. Furthermore, the inventory of a global cumulative usage of PCBs shows also that usage of theses chemicals were highest in western central Europe (ex. France, Benelux, UK and Germany), in eastern U.S. and in Japan, and that in these countries significant amounts are still deposited on various sites. Finally, it has been found, that certain of the ''novel'' contaminants are organohalogens (brominated, fluorinated chemicals) and might be indeed of environmental concern, because they have been shown to be mobile, persistent and toxic and some are bioaccumulative. The long term environmental monitoring enables to reveal temporal trends of concentration levels in the marine environment. These data is also necessary to verify if the international measures undertaken to phaseout, reduce losses and emissions of POPs, are effective. There are different ways of performing observation programs but marine mussels, as filtering organisms, have proven to be useful for biomonitoring and assessment of the current state of a site. In our study, we have undertaken the retrospective analysis of ''classic'' and ''novel'' persistent organic contaminants in the archived samples of marine mussels (Mytilus edulis) collected over the past 22 years within the French National ''Mussel Watch'' Network (RNO). The aim of this study was to achieve a better understanding about levels and trends for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), pp'- DDT, pp'-DDE and pp'-DDD ({sigma}DDT) and brominated diphenyl ethers (BDEs). The comparison between the trends of already banned and novel organohalogen compounds rises new research questions. The analysis in one series and in one laboratory of the archived samples increases the precision of this investigation.

  20. The nuclear phase-out and its consequences; Der Atomausstieg und seine Folgen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ludwigs, Markus

    2016-07-01

    As a lesson from the Fukushima nuclear disaster, a radical change has taken place in climate and energy policy in Germany since 2011. This is characterized by the phase-out of the nuclear energy, which is fixed by the 13th Atomic Enforcement Act, by the end of 2022. This entails a multitude of complex legal questions and subsequent problems. The latest decisions are the forthcoming decisions of the BVerfG on the constitutional consistency of the nuclear phase-out law and nuclear fuel tax, Vattenfall's much discussed arbitration award before the ICSID arbitration court, and controversial legal questions both in the context of the decommissioning and dismantling of nuclear power plants and the disposal of highly radioactive waste. In addition, the moral-ethical evaluation of the nuclear phase-out and the power turn-around is the focus of the interdisciplinary approach. The problem clusters are analyzed by the contributions of the anthology. He documents a conference organized by Professor Dr. Markus Ludwig, which took place on April 8, 2016, at the University of Wuerzburg, within the framework of a project funded by the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung (''The Law of the Energy Transition''). [German] Als Lehre aus der Atomkatastrophe von Fukushima ist in Deutschland seit 2011 ein radikaler Wandel in der Klima- und Energiepolitik erfolgt. Praegend hierfuer ist der durch die 13. Atomgesetznovelle fixierte Ausstieg aus der Kernenergie bis Ende 2022. Damit verbunden ist eine Vielzahl komplexer Rechtsfragen und Folgeprobleme. Aktuelle Schlaglichter bilden die anstehenden Entscheidungen des BVerfG zur Verfassungskonformitaet von Atomausstiegsgesetz und Kernbrennstoffsteuer, die vieldiskutierte Schiedsklage von Vattenfall vor dem ICSID-Schiedsgericht sowie die kontroversen Rechtsfragen sowohl im Kontext der Stilllegung und des Rueckbaus von Kernkraftwerken als auch hinsichtlich der Endlagerung hochradioaktiver Abfaelle. Daneben steht in interdisziplinaerer Perspektive die moralisch-ethische Bewertung von Atomausstieg und Energiewende im Fokus. Den derart skizzierten Problem - komplexen gehen die Beitraege des Sammelbandes nach. Er dokumentiert eine von Professor Dr. Markus Ludwigs organisierte Tagung, die am 8. April 2016 im Rahmen eines von der Fritz Thyssen Stiftung gefoerderten Drittmittelprojekts (''Das Recht der Energiewende'') an der Universitaet Wuerzburg stattfand.

  1. Effects of social factors on fishing effort: The case of the Philippine tuna purse seine fishery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Libre, S.V.D.; Voorn, van G.A.K.; Broeke, Ten G.A.; Bailey, M.L.; Berentsen, P.B.M.; Bush, S.R.

    2015-01-01

    High fishing effort remains in many of the world’s fisheries despite a variety of policies that have been implemented to reduce it. These policies have predominantly focused on models of cause and effect that ignore the possibility that the intended outcomes are altered by social behavior and

  2. Das Barbarenbild des Poseidonios und seine Stellung in der philosophischen Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinar Müller

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available The author gives an account of the ideas of the Greeks (Herodot, Hippocrates, Plato, Aristotle about the barbarians. They hesitate between admiring some barbarians, or, on the contrary, considering them unvalued people in comparison with the Greeks, and the theory of the climate, which would be definitive on the formation of the men’s bodies and souls. Poseidonios discusses this problem in a well known fragment in which he tells how the Mariandins submitted to Heraclea because they found themselves inferior. We can come across with traces of his thought on Cicero, De re publica III and Strabo, VI. In conclusion, Poseidonios justifies the Roman world power because its superiority, and this because the climate of Italy. However, he insists that this power must be used with justice and blames the bloody actions of the Sicilian slave war.

  3. Oswald Croll und die Symbolik des Titelblattes seines Werkes Basilica chymica

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Purš, Ivo

    -, č. 15 (2015), s. 64-87 ISSN 1213-5372 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP405/12/1268 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : paracelsian alchemy * art history * iconography * Oswald Croll Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  4. Laenusaaja õiguste kaitse SMS-laenu lepingute puhul / Kalev Saare, Karin Sein, Mari Ann Simovart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saare, Kalev, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    SMS-laenu lepingutele kohaldatavad normid, laenuandja teavitamiskohustus ja tarbija võimalused lepingust taganeda. Laenuandja intressi-, viivise- ja leppetrahvinõuded, intressikokkuleppe lubatavuse piirangud

  5. Developpement dune methode de simulation de pompage au sein d'un compresseur multi-etage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumas, Martial

    Surge is an unsteady phenomenon which appears when a compressor operates at a mass flow that is too low relative to its design point. This aerodynamic instability is characterized by large oscillations in pressure and mass flow, resulting in a sudden drop in power delivered by a gas turbine engine and possibly important damage to engine components. The methodology developed in this thesis allows for the simulations of the flow behavior inside a multi-stage compressor during surge and, by extension, predict at the design phase the time variation of aerodynamic forces on the blades and of the pressure and temperature at bleed locations inside the compressors for turbine cooling. While the compressor is the component of interest and the trigger for surge, the flow behavior during this event is also dependent on other engine components (combustion chamber, turbine, ducts). However, the simulation of the entire gas turbine engine cannot be carried out in a practical manner with existing computational technologies. The approach taken consists of coupling 3-D RANS CFD simulations of the compressor with 1-D equations modeling the behavior of the other components applied as dynamic boundary conditions. The method was put into practice in a commercial RANS CFD code (ANSYS CFX) whose integrated options facilitated the implementation of the 1-D equations into the dynamic boundary conditions of the computational domain. In addition, in order to limit computational time, only one blade passage was simulated per blade row to capture surge which is essentially a one-dimensional phenomenon. This methodology was applied to several compressor geometries with distinct features. Simulations on a low-speed (incompressible) three-stage axial compressor allowed for a validation with experimental data, which showed that the pressure and mass flow oscillations are captured well. This comparison also highlighted the strong dependence of the oscillation frequency on the volume of the downstream plenum (combustion chamber). The simulations of the second compressor demonstrated the adaptability of the approach to a multi-stage compressor with an axial-centrifugal configuration. Finally, application of the method to a transonic compressor geometry from Pratt & Whitney Canada demonstrated the tool on a mixed flow-centrifugal compressor configuration operating in a highly compressible regime. These last simulations highlighted certain limitations of the tool, namely the numerical robustness associated with the use of multiple stator/rotor interfaces in a high-speed compressor with high rates of change of mass flow, and the computational time required to a simulate several surge cycles.

  6. Facilitation de la collaboration et de l'échange d'information au sein ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'un des principaux objectifs du programme telecentre.org du CRDI est de soutenir les télécentres et leur milieu partout dans le monde. Ce projet permettra à telecentre.org de mener une enquête sur l'utilisation des techniques de collaboration sociale que rendent possibles les nouveaux outils et services du Web 2.0.

  7. Rotermanni laudsepatöökoja rekonstrueerimine Tallinnas / Raivo Kotov, Andrus Kõresaar, Marti Sein...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Ill.: lõige, 4. korruse plaan, 2 välis- ja 2 sisevaadet; olemasoleva hoone kohale kavandati kolm eraldiseisvat majakat; arhitektuur: KOKO Arhitektid; konstruktsioonid: Neoprojekt; reklaamibüroo Brand Manuali kontori sisekujundaja: Maarja Mikkin

  8. Reformator Jan Hus - Rezeption seines Lebens und Werks in der modernen Zeit

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šebek, Jaroslav

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 31, č. 59 (2017), s. 19-24 ISSN 0936-7454 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Jan Hus * Modern History * church history Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  9. Faciliter l'échange de connaissances et tisser des liens au sein du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Institution. Fundación Acción Social, Educación y Tiempo Libre, ESPLAI. Pays d' institution. Espagne. Site internet. http://www.fundacionesplai.org. Contenus connexes. Appui au réseautage et au renforcement des télécentres communautaires au Mali. En Afrique de l'Ouest francophone, les télécentres luttent pour atteindre ...

  10. Nuclear safety and radiation protection report of Nogent-Sur-Seine nuclear facilities - 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-01-01

    This safety report was established in accordance with articles L. 125-15 and L. 125-16 of the French environmental code. It presents, first, the NPPs (INBs no. 129 and 130). Then, the nuclear safety and radiation protection measures taken regarding the facilities are reviewed: nuclear safety definition, radiation protection of intervening parties, safety and radiation protection improvement paths, crisis management, external and internal controls, technical situation of facilities, administrative procedures in progress. The incidents and accidents which occurred in 2012, if any, are reported as well as the radioactive and non-radioactive effluents discharge in the environment. Finally, the radioactive materials and wastes generated by the facility are presented (type of waste, quantities, conditioning process). The document concludes with a presentation of the actions of communication and public information made by the direction of the facility. A glossary and the list of recommendations from the Committees for health, safety and working conditions are given in appendix. (J.S.)

  11. Pangakontode arestimine pangakontode Euroopa arestimismääruse menetluses / Irina Pavlovskaja, Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pavlovskaja, Irina

    2014-01-01

    Euroopa Liidus 15. mail 2014 vastu võetud määrusest nr 655/2014, millega luuakse pangakontode Euroopa arestimismääruse menetlus, et hõlbustada võlgade piiriülest sissenõudmist tsiviil- ja kaubandusasjades. Artikkel põhineb autori 2014. a kevadel Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnas kaitstud magistritööl "Pangakonto arestimine kaitsemeetmena Euroopa Liidu tasandil Euroopa pangakonto arestimise määruse valguses"

  12. The ``eco-syndrome`` and what causes it; Das Oeko-Syndrom`` und seine Ausloeser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voack, C. [Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Dermatolologie und Allergologie; Borelli, S. [Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Dermatolologie und Allergologie; Ring, J. [Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Dermatolologie und Allergologie

    1997-01-24

    Headache, tiredness, skin irritation etc. may be the results of adverse effects on health due to toxic substances in residential buildings and at workplaces. Possible causes of syndromes that are hard to objectify but associated with serious afflictions such as the ``eco-syndrome`` or Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS) and the Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) are listed. (VHE) [Deutsch] Bei Kopfschmerzen, Muedigkeit, Hautirritationen u.ae. besteht die Moeglichkeit einer gesundheitlichen Beeintraechtigung durch Schadstoff im Wohn- oder Arbeitsbereich. Moegliche Ausloeser fuer schwer objektivierbare, aber mit hohem Leidensdruck verbundene Krankheitsbilder wie Oeko-Syndrom(Multiple Chemical Sensivity, MCS) und SBS (Sick-Building-Syndrom) werden aufgelistet. (VHE)

  13. Reading electricity meters over the Internet; Stromzaehler uebers Internet auslesen. Flims nutzt sein Kabelnetz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santner, G.

    2006-07-01

    This short article discusses the experience gained by the local electricity utility in Flims, Switzerland, on reading out its customers' electricity meters via the Internet. The utility uses the cable-TV network - which it also operates - to automatically transmit counter values to the utility's central server. Remote locations send data via the GPRS mobile network. The system provides consumers with monthly bills and allows the utility to plan mains-loading in a better way. The advantages of the system are discussed, in particular with respect to the liberalisation of the electricity market. The extension of the system to provide remote metering of gas and water is also discussed.

  14. Engagement militant et politisation des mobilisations au sein des oppositions urbaines à Istanbul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clémence Petit

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La Municipalité du Grand Istanbul met en œuvre depuis quelques années une « politique de transformation urbaine » pour faire d’Istanbul une ville moderne et compétitive sur la scène mondiale. Les mobilisations locales et les mouvements protestataires se multiplient pour infléchir une politique qui domine aujourd’hui l’agenda urbain « néolibéral » et empêcher les démolitions et déplacements de population escomptés. Au-delà de la distance au politique généralement affichée – condition de légitimité dans le système sécuritaire mis en place en Turquie après le coup d’État de 1980 – ces « oppositions urbaines » sont traversées par des débats sur la place du politique dans la mobilisation. À partir de l’étude sociologique de deux associations de quartiers et de deux mouvements de « professionnels urbains », cette contribution analyse le travail de définition des cadrages et répertoires d’action propres à chaque mouvement. Elle fait apparaître le rôle de ces professionnels urbains dans la requalification politique du désaccord qui divise les oppositions urbaines entre une stratégie « experte » et une stratégie plus politique. L’analyse met néanmoins en évidence le caractère dynamique et relatif – en termes de contextes et d’échelles – des stratégies d’appropriation des politiques publiques locales et des processus de politisation des « mouvements urbains ».The Istanbul Greater Municipality has been implementing for a few years numerous ‘urban renewal projects’ to change Istanbul into a modern and competitive city on the global scene. Reacting to the demolitions and evictions of entire neighbourhoods caused by these projects, some inhabitants and ‘urban professionals’ mobilize within new movements and neighbourdhood associations. Beyond the distance they usually show towards politics – a condition of legitimacy in the securitarian system introduced in Turkey after the 1980 coup d’etat - these urban movements are going through struggles for defining the place of the political in the mobilisation. From the sociological study of two neighbourdhood associations and two movements of « urban professionnals », this contribution analyses the work for defining the framing and the repertoire of contention peculiar to each movement. It reveals the role of urban professionals in the political requalification of the division of the urban oppositions between a strategy of « expert » action and a more political-oriented strategy. Nevertheless, the analysis highlights the dynamic and relative character – in terms of contexts and scales – of the appropriation strategies of local policies and of the politicization process of urban movements.

  15. Nuclear safety and radiation protection report of the Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear facilities - 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-01-01

    This safety report was established in accordance with articles L. 125-15 and L. 125-16 of the French environmental code. It presents, first, the NPPs (INBs no. 129 and 130). Then, the nuclear safety and radiation protection measures taken regarding the facilities are reviewed: nuclear safety definition, radiation protection of intervening parties, safety and radiation protection improvement paths, crisis management, external and internal controls, technical situation of facilities, administrative procedures in progress. The incidents and accidents which occurred in 2013, if any, are reported as well as the radioactive and non-radioactive effluents discharge in the environment. Finally, the radioactive materials and wastes generated by the facility are presented (type of waste, quantities, conditioning process). The document concludes with a presentation of the actions of communication and public information made by the direction of the facility. A glossary and the list of recommendations from the Committees for health, safety and working conditions are given in appendix

  16. Bombardier extends its TRAXX locomotive family; Bombardier erweitert seine Lokomotivfamilie TRAXX

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vitins, J. [Bombardier, Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2005-07-01

    Bombardier has extended and optimised its TRAXX locomotive platform, launched in 2003, with the addition of a multi-system locomotive and the introduction of technical innovations. The developments centre on the multi-system loco TRAXX F140 MS, which gained approval in a very short space of time and is already being successfully operated by SBB as type Re 484 for freight traffic between Switzerland and Italy; the TRAXX F140 DC, recently ordered by Angel Trains Cargo for Italy's DC network, and the 2nd series of the proven AC loco TRAXX AC2, operated by Railion in Germany as type BR 185.2. All these locomotive types reflect the development work undertaken with a view to accommodating the various national train protection systems through the new ETCS-compatible Bombardier ATP (Automatic Train Protection) system, together with chopper-controlled power conversion in DC networks. (orig.)

  17. Das Luthertum in Böhmen und seine (Nicht)Reflexion bei den Nuntien am Kaiserhof

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černušák, Tomáš

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 2 (2018), s. 257-267 ISSN 1805-790X Keywords : Nuncius * Papacy * Bohemian lands * Lutheranism Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  18. Polymorphie des associations au sein des forêts : Déterminants ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 mai 2014 ... Derived maps are useful for rational management whose effectiveness can be enhanced by coupling withal .... représente un vecteur des observations possibles sur les différents descripteurs ... générale de la forêt repose sur la dérivation d'un placeau-type qui correspond au « placeau modal », pas.

  19. Genotoxicity and activation of cellular defenses in transplanted zebra mussels Dreissena polymorpha along the Seine river.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Châtel, Amélie; Faucet-Marquis, Virginie; Gourlay-Francé, Catherine; Pfohl-Leszkowicz, Annie; Vincent-Hubert, Françoise

    2015-04-01

    The aim of the present study was to confirm the relevance of studying DNA adduct formation in a field study. In that context, freshwater mussels Dreissena polymorpha, collected in a reference station, were transplanted in different sites with a pollution gradient. After one and two months, mussels were collected and DNA adduct formation was analyzed using the (32)P post labelling technique on both gills and digestive glands. In addition, the expression of genes involved in the detoxification system (catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), HSP70, aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), P glycoprotein (PgP), metallothionein (MT)) was assessed by RT-PCR. DNA adducts were observed at amount comparable to data from literature. Increase of DNA adducts after two months of transplantation could be correlated with strong modulation of gene expression implicated in detoxification processes. Indeed, PgP and HSP70 gene expressions were similarly induced in gills and digestive glands while SOD and CAT expressions were down regulated in both tissues. AHR, GST and MT genes were differently regulated depending upon the tissue studied and the level of contamination in the different sites. We demonstrated that mussels transplanted in the different stations with pollution gradient were able to biotransform PAHs, assessed by DNA adduct formation and the high decrease of detoxification genes. Specific DNA adducts pattern obtained after one and two month mussel transplantations demonstrated the relevance of DNA adduct as biomarker of environmental pollution. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. The price to be one of the first one; Der Preis, einer der Ersten zu sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2012-12-15

    The energy policy turnaround will not be obtained for free. After all, how expensive will it be to us, if we would dispense with the energy policy turnaround? Under this aspect, the contribution under consideration presents the following three statements: (1) The actual support by the Renewable Energy Law (EEG) is an investment which pays off for the economy and society (Philipp Vohrer); (2) The Federal Government has to stop the Renewable Energy law and to lead the energy policy turnaround to success by means of a competitive model (Hubertus Pellengahr); (3) In the face of the follow-up costs of an unabated climatic change or the nuclear risks, the withdrawal from atom and coal can be obtained cheap comparatively (Marcel Keiffenheim).

  1. 75 FR 54078 - International Fisheries; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Vessel Capacity Limit in the Purse Seine Fishery...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... Environmental Policy Act and the IRFA are available at http://swr.nmfs.noaa.gov/ or may be obtained from Rod..., United States, Vanuatu, and Venezuela. The current Cooperating Non-Parties, Cooperating Fishing Entities...

  2. The coal mining industry in Vietnam and its challenges; Steinkohlenbergbau in Vietnam und seine Herausforderungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martens, Per Nicolai; Pateiro Fernandez, Jose B.; Ahmad, Shakeel [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Inst. fuer Bergbaukunde I; Cramer, Thomas; Deissmann, Guido [Brenk Systemplanung GmbH, Aachen (Germany); Fuchsschwanz, Marcus [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Lehrstuhl fuer Geotechnik

    2010-04-15

    The province of Quang Ninh in the north of Vietnam is the most important coal mining region in the country. The NBCC (Nui Beo Coal Company) operates several open-cast mines. Large quantities of overburden have to be removed and dumped in the immediate environment. The creation of these heaps up to 300 m high is accompanied by many environmental problems. In particular ground and surface waters are contaminated by ''acid mine drainage''. Furthermore, large emissions chiefly in the form of dust occur as a result of the working and dumping depending on the season. In addition the stability of the heaps is sometimes greatly endangered. In the German-Vietnamese Research Association Mining and Environment in Vietnam (RAME) the aspects of coal mining with an effect on the environment are dealt with in various sub-associations and protective measures worked out jointly. (orig.)

  3. Pluralisme politico-social et processus décisionnel au sein des institutions communautaires

    OpenAIRE

    Mangas, Araceli

    1999-01-01

    The general intention of these reflections is to identify the set of characters that give them a pluralist and tolerant political and social identity perspective. In order to seek what is thought and what is reality in the philosophical-political system of the Treaties now in force, we examne philosophy or explicit inspiration or underlying integration over its instruments, their content and its very purpose, and the existence or not of a pluralistic inspiration of the decision making process.

  4. Ethanol and its potential for downsized engine concepts; Ethanol und sein Potenzial fuer Downsizing-Motorenkonzepte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwaderlapp, Markus; Adomeit, Philipp; Kolbeck, Andreas [FEV GmbH, Aachen (Germany); Thewes, Matthias [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Lehrstuhl fuer Verbrennungskraftmaschinen

    2012-02-15

    The intense discussion of e-mobility has withdrawn the public attention from alternative fuels - which appears inadequate when the properties and potentials of ethanol fuels for combustion engines are considered. FEV and RWTH Aachen University investigated to which extent this alternative fuel could be conducive to CO{sub 2} reduction. (orig.)

  5. Numerical and experimental analysis of the hydroelastic behavior of purse seine nets

    OpenAIRE

    Riziotis, V. A.; Katsaounis, G. M.; Papadakis, G.; Voutsinas, S. G.; Bergeles, G.; Tzabiras, G. D.

    2013-01-01

    The paper presents a general three dimensional hydro-elastic tool for the analysis of different types of fishing nets and aquaculture facilities. Flexible net strands are modeled by non-linear truss elements having two nodes. Hydrodynamic loads due to relative motion of the net with the surrounding fluid are computed using the Morison equation. The coupled hydrodynamic-elastodynamic equations are solved using finite element (FE) approximations. Furthermore, experimental data are presented for...

  6. 76 FR 23964 - Fisheries in the Western Pacific; Pelagic Fisheries; Purse Seine Prohibited Areas Around American...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... are managed under the Pelagics FEP. The Council prepared Amendment 3 to the Pelagics FEP to address... animals, such as pelagic fishes and sea turtles, tend to congregate to naturally-occurring floating..., vessel monitoring system (VMS), and the use of safe sea turtle handling techniques. BILLING CODE 3510-22...

  7. Age of the middle Palaeolithic site of La Butte d'Arvigny (Moissy-Cramayel, Seine-et-Marne); Datation du site paleolithique moyen de la Butte d'Arvigny (Moissy-Cramayel, Seine-et-Marne)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laurent, M. [Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie, Lab. de Travaux Pratiques de Genie Chimique, 75 - Paris (France); Laurent, M.; Bahain, J.J.; Voinchet, P.; Ricard, J.L. [Lab. de Prehistoire du Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Institut de Paleontologie Humaine, UMR 6569 du CNRS, 75 - Paris (France); Rousseau, L. [Amiens Univ., Lab. de Sedimentologie et de Geochimie, 80 (France)

    2000-04-01

    The middle Palaeolithic site of La Butte d'Arvigny, close to Melun, was dated using electron spin resonance (ESR) method on burn flint. Five analysed burnt flints give a mean age of 90 000 years, which ascribes Arvigny to the Mousterian laminar complex of northern France. (authors)

  8. Kui Eesti 1991. aastal taas iseseisvaks sai = Als Estland 1991 seine Unabhängigkeit Wiedererlangte / Henning von Wistinghausen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wistinghausen, Henning von

    2007-01-01

    Eesti taasiseseisvumise perioodil oli Henning von Wistinghausen Saksamaa Liitvabariigi peakonsul Leningradis. Tema mälestused Tallinnas veedetud 19. augustist 1991, kohtumisest Rein Müllersoniga, järgnenud pöördelistest sündmustest Venemaal ja Balti riikide taasiseseisvumisest. Wistinghauseni määramisest Saksamaa saadikuks Eestis

  9. Michael Angelo Unterberger und seine Nachfolger im Dienst des böhmischen und mährischen Adels

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valeš, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 67, 1/2 (2013), s. 174-183 ISSN 0029-9626 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Unterberger * Plandry * Breitenau * Vienna * aristocracy * Zebo * Gedon Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  10. Les artisans de la paix au sein des sociétés en transition | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The Justice Project in South Asia. As countries in South Asia move toward greater economic integration, a range of interconnected challenges to constitutional and human rights guarantees are emerging. View moreThe Justice Project in South Asia ...

  11. Renovación del sujeto y hermenéutica. La ausencia de Nietzsche en Sein und Zeit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel TORRES VIZCAYA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Tomando como referencia determinados conceptos clave de la historia de la metafísica (tales como sujeto o tiempo, se intenta escrutar la posibilidad de un acercamiento entre el Heidegger de Ser y Tiempo y el pensamiento de Nietzsche. Todo ello, culmina en la sugerencia de que nos hallamos ante una nueva encentadura que tiene como referencia insoslayable el marco apolíneo-apofántico y dionisíaco-hermenéutico, desde el que quizás sea posible -y hasta necesario- ensayar una lectura nietzscheana de Heidegger.ABSTRACT: Using as reference certain key concepts of the history of metaphysics, we will deal with the prospects for a reconciliation between Heidegger in Time and Being and Nietzsche's ideology. In the end we will be suggesting that we are in the face of a new approach which must inevitably be referred to within the Apollonianapophantical and Dionysian-hermeneutical frames, from which we might -or even need to- try an interpretation of Heidegger through Nietzsche's eyes.

  12. Geschlecht als Leistungsklasse. Der kleine Unterschied und seine großen Folgen am Beispiel der "gender verifications" im Leistungssport

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Marion

    2006-01-01

    Die Geschlechtersegregation im (Hoch-)Leistungssport mit unterschiedlichen Wettbewerben und Regeln für Frauen und Männer wird mit der körperlichen Geschlechterdifferenz und der damit verbundenen sportlichen Leistungsfähigkeit begründet. Unklar bleibt jedoch, warum nicht auch andere Merkmale, deren Korrelation mit sportlichen Leistungserfolgen mindestens genauso offensichtlich ist, zur Bildung von Leistungsklassen herangezogen werden. Beispiele hierfür sind die Körpergröße oder die ethnische H...

  13. UNTERWEGS-­‐‑SEIN IN EUROPA ZWISCHEN VERGANGENHEIT UND ZUKUNFT. BENJAMINS UND BOBROWSKIS „WANDERER“

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Behre

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In his Denkbilder, the Jewish philosopher and homme de lettre Walter Benjamin describes scenes from European metropolises. He offers a glance at quite heterogeneous and freely chosen life styles of the turbulent nineteen-twenties to sketch a possible future for Europe. Today’s reader of the Denkbilder can hardly suppress the memory of a political and personal crisis, namely that of Benjamin’s flight across the Pyrenees, which ended in the Spanish harbour town Portbou. In the poem Der Wanderer, the writer Johannes Bobrowski, a resident of East Berlin, captures the life of a wanderer who depends on the hospitality of others, because he is either persecuted or his freely chosen lifestyle requires him to roam about. For both authors, travelling becomes a substitute for “Heimat” and also a way of life that represents the future of Europe. This forward-looking attitude is based on the experience of cataclysmic events that have been memorably expressed in highly literate apocalyptic images. The writer and graphic designer Christoph Meckel emphasizes how life rises out of ruins only to return to them, by embedding the lyrical process in Eastern European villages, thereby creating a country for which Bobrowski had chosen the mythological name “Sarmatia”, which stands for a messianic utopian vision shared by Benjamin and others.

  14. ‘n Kritiese bespreking van roskam se seining van apartheid as grondslag van die Suid-afrikaanse samelewing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. van Loggerenberg

    1963-03-01

    Full Text Available Segregasie is al deur vele ondersoekers histories tot ’n tradisie uit die stigtingsjaar 1652 met die aankoms van Jan van Riebeeck herlei. Roskam sion dit egter as 'n beleid wat veel later aanvaar is. Hy sien dit as beleid wat bepaalde groepe van die bevolking as 'n politieke eenheid, kragtens ’n sosiale hiërargie, van mekaar wil afskei, isoleer. Dit is vir  hom duidelik dat die politieke eenheid van Ordinansie 50 van 1828 nooit werklikheid geword het nie, en die tradisie van blanke heerskappy pas vir liom as heleid beter in die huidige situasic as segregasie. Roskam is dan van oordeel dat ..white supremacy” daarom die juiste en omskrywende betekenis van segregasie is.

  15. Fluchen und Flamen, um ein Mann zu sein? Die Verknüpfung von Geschlecht und Sprache durch Vorurteile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Döring

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Die hier besprochene Monographie der Linguistin Anja Gottburgsen beschäftigt sich theoretisch und empirisch mit sprachbezogenen Geschlechterstereotypen, also mit unseren Vorstellungen darüber, ob und wie Männer und Frauen jeweils in spezifischer und distinkter Weise sprachlich kommunizieren. Im Theorieteil der Arbeit wird der aktuelle Stand der soziolinguistischen und sozialpsychologischen Diskussion zu Geschlecht, Sprachverhalten und Stereotypisierung kritisch referiert und die Bedeutung von sprachbezogenen Geschlechterstereotypen erläutert. Im empirischen Teil berichtet die Autorin die Ergebnisse von drei Fragebogen-Studien mit deutschsprachigen Studierenden. Es zeigt sich, dass bei Studierenden unabhängig von Geschlecht und Geschlechtsrollenorientierung stereotype Vorstellungen über das sprachliche Verhalten von Männern und Frauen verbreitet sind.

  16. Wie authentisch kann die Sprache in Lehrwerken des Franzoesischen sein? (How Authentic Can the Language of French Textbooks Be?)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gartenschlaeger, Rainer

    1977-01-01

    Recommends for dialog in textbooks a "didactic" rather than a purely natural character, avoiding obtrusive characteristics of any particular speech level. However, for exercises in auditory understanding, familiar colloquial style should be emphasized. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  17. Die Position des Rätoromanischen und seine Beziehungen zum Deutschen, Französischen und Italienischen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Bauer

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Dialektometrie (DM ist eine induktive Methode, die es erlaubt, in Massendaten versteckte Oberflächenmuster und Tiefenstrukturen zu entdecken und mittels multipler, computergestützter Visualisierungen sicht- und damit auch interpretierbar zu machen. So bietet die DM u.a. eine Reihe von Möglichkeiten, Relationen zwischen den untersuchten Objekten (das sind in der Regel alle in einem Sprachatlas datenseitig abgebildeten Dialekte aufzudeckenund kartographisch in verschiedenster Form zu modellieren, um solcherart u.a. die Position einzelner Dialekte bzw. Geotypen im gesamten Beobachtungsraum näher bestimmen zu können. In diesem Zusammenhang hat es sich als durchaus nützlich erwiesen, zusätzliche Vergleichspunkte mit akrolektalen, also auf Standard- bzw. Hochsprachen bezogene Datenserien einzubauen. Im vorliegenden Fall konnten solcherart wechselseitige, je nach innerlinguistischer Ausrichtung der gewählten Corpora unterschiedlich ausgerichtete Einflüsse der Großsprachen Französisch und Italienisch auf die oberitalienische Dialektlandschaft sowie auf die drei Mitglieder der Sprachfamilie Rätoromanisch (nach Gartner 1883 bzw. ladino (nach Ascoli 1873 aufgezeigt werden. Dem Sprachkontakt aller genannten Idiome mit dem Deutschen konnte hingegen sowohl über die Visualisierung der relativen Präsenz von Germanismen mittels einer Dichtekarte als auch über eine gesonderte dialektometrische Ähnlichkeitskartierung nachgegangen werden, wobei interessante Einblicke in die von verschiedenen Substrat- und Adstratwirkungen abhängige, z.T. deutlich divergente Bewirtschaftung der rätoromanischen Teilräume gewonnen werden konnten.

  18. 76 FR 17811 - Western Pacific Pelagic Fisheries; Prohibiting Purse Seine Fishing in the U.S. EEZ Around Guam...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... fishing, such as fuel, food, crew time, and ice, while also increasing safety risks for small vessels that...' 164[deg]40' French Frigate Shoals 23[deg]45' 166[deg]15' Gardner Pinnacles 25[deg]00' 168[deg]00' Maro... semicircles of the 50-nm areas that lie between Nihoa Island and Necker Island, French Frigate Shoals and...

  19. Reactor accidents and how to protect oneself from them. Emergency measures. Schutz bei Atomunfaellen. Vorbereitet sein auf den Notfall

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerosa, K

    1986-01-01

    The Chernobyl reactor accident has sharpened our sense of nuclear energy risks and dangers. Much as we hope it to never occur again in the future we know that there is no way of guaranteeing this to be the case. What is to be done in case of another reactor accident with radioactive radiation threatening to destroy us and the environment. Emergency measures protecting and saving our lives and health cannot be taken but with sufficient information at hand. The book informs about measures to be taken under emergency conditions. Nuclear energy and its alternatives, preventive measures, adequate nutrition and advice for pregnant women and for children are among the further subjects dealt with.

  20. L'institutionnalisation des délibérations dans l'espace public au sein ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Based on the different variances of neo-institutionalism, this paper attempts to analyse the process through which public space deliberation is becoming a real institution in the Bamileke chieftaincies of Western Cameroon. It demonstrates that far from appearing as a spontaneous generation, public space deliberation ...

  1. L’église Notre-Dame-des-Pauvres à Issy-les-Moulineaux (Hauts-de-Seine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Vignes-Dumas

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available L’église Notre-Dame des Pauvres d’Issy-les-Moulineaux est l’une des toutes premières églises construites dans la proche banlieue parisienne après les bombardements de la seconde guerre mondiale. Datée de 1954-1955, elle est l’œuvre du tout jeune architecte Jean-Blaise Lombard associé à l’architecte Henri Duverdier. Destinée à une population ouvrière très défavorisée et réalisée avec un très petit budget, elle attire cependant l’attention de la critique par la liberté de son architecture caractérisée par l’ampleur du sanctuaire et l’importance attribuée aux verrières réalisées par le peintre Léon Zack. Les dispositions liturgiques d’avant-garde ainsi que l’unité de son décor dominé par l’art abstrait - où interviennent aussi le maître verrier Jean Lesquibe, les sculpteurs Maxime Adam-Tessier et Irène Zack -, en font un édifice clé de la reconstruction en Île-de-France.Issy-les-Moulineaux’s church, Notre Dame des Pauvres, « Our Lady of Poor People », is one of the very first churches built in close Parisian suburbs after Second World War bombings. Dated from 1954-1955, it is a very young architect’s work, Jean-Blaise Lombard, associated with architect Henri Duverdier. Meant to serve a very disadvantaged working class and made with a very small budget, it attracts the critics’ attention thanks to the freedom of its architecture, characterized by the large size of the shrine as well as by the importance ascribed to stained glass walls realized by painter Leon Zack. The avant-garde liturgical lay-out, together with the décor unity dominated by abstract art - where glassmaker Master Jean Lesquive and sculptors Maxime Adam-Tessier and Irène Zack intervene - made this church a key edifice in Île-de-France post-war rebuilding period.

  2. Mapping media representation of the Seine river flood to assess the impact of communication on Paris resilience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicari, Rosa; Tchiguirisnkaia, Ioulia; Schertzer, Daniel

    2017-04-01

    By the 2000s increasing attention among academics, as well as practitioners, has been devoted to the implementation of resilience. Putting the concept of social-ecological resilience (Holling, 1973) into practice involves relevant changes in policy and decision-making. Indeed, the social-ecological resilience approach emphasizes the need to apply the principle of subsidiarity, i.e. to decentralize risk management, to encourage citizen participation and share responsibilities (Tanguy, 2015). The concept of social-ecological resilience draws attention to the the impact of social construction of the reality- and therefore of the influence of media and other cultural contents, individual and groups knowledge, perceptions, emotions - on urban development. In this framework, communication between municipalities and citizens, especially a two-ways dialogue (i.e. participatory communication), has become a keystone of resilience strategies since it facilitates mutual understanding, shared goals identification and cooperation. Going beyond theory and implementing resilience requires resilience metrics: such indexes allow decision makers to compare the costs of resilience enhancement actions with the economic, environmental, social, and sanitary costs of non-action. However important gaps persists between theories and applied metrics of resilience. For instance, operational resilience metrics are usually defined with the help of semi-quantitative indicators that are applied to variables aggregated up to the outer scale of the system, not across the various spatial scales of the system. This research exploits recent computer aided text mining techniques to explore web communications and map press and social media representation of flood resilience, as well as identify the main opinion makers in the city of Paris. This approach allows a quantitative analysis of communication impacts, in terms of frequency and quality, and it is meant to be a basis to define new resilience communication indicators that take into account the interplay among different resilience drivers and between multiple spatial and temporal scales. This research is being undertaken in partnership with Veolia.

  3. Age of the middle Palaeolithic site of La Butte d'Arvigny (Moissy-Cramayel, Seine-et-Marne)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laurent, M.; Laurent, M.; Bahain, J.J.; Voinchet, P.; Ricard, J.L.; Rousseau, L.

    2000-01-01

    The middle Palaeolithic site of La Butte d'Arvigny, close to Melun, was dated using electron spin resonance (ESR) method on burn flint. Five analysed burnt flints give a mean age of 90 000 years, which ascribes Arvigny to the Mousterian laminar complex of northern France. (authors)

  4. Breast cancer in elderly person: which role for radiotherapy; Cancer du sein chez la personne agee: place de la radiotherapie?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horn, S. [Centre Oscar-Lambret, Lille (France); Cutuli, B. [ICC Reims, Reims (France)

    2011-10-15

    The authors briefly discuss the issue and practices of treatment of elderly women suffering from breast cancer. Even if radiotherapy is sometimes forgotten in such cases, disease characteristics and the tolerance capacity of the patient must be considered before implementing treatment protocols. Short communication

  5. Berührt sein – Ein Fallbericht zur Rolle von WATSU (WasserShiatsu) in der Rehabilitation nach Polytrauma

    OpenAIRE

    Schitter, Agnes Maria; Fleckenstein, Johannes

    2017-01-01

    Hintergrund: Die herausragende Bedeutung von Körperkontakt für den Menschen ist bekannt und nachgewiesen. Während aber intensiver Körperkontakt in der medizinischen Versorgung von Frühgeborenen etabliert ist, wird Berührung in schulmedizinische Therapiekonzepte für Erwachsene bisher nur marginal integriert. Massnahmen aus der Komplementärmedizin berücksichtigen den individuellen Bedarf an körperlicher Nähe und leisten einen klinischen Mehrwert für den Gesundungsprozess. In besonderer Weise...

  6. La place du roman Der Untertan au sein de l'œuvre d'Heinrich Mann

    OpenAIRE

    Teinturier , Frédéric

    2009-01-01

    Der Untertan is one of the central works in H. Mann's production : this novel is an achievement and reveals the author's esthetical and political evolution. Furthermore, this novel shows an original conception of literature, because the words of the characters are completed and qualified by the ones the novelist expresses in his essays. Besides, Der Untertan can be regarded as the counterpart of Die kleine Stadt: only the confrontation of both novels makes it possible to understand the author...

  7. Kajian Efektivitas dan Efisiensi Rantai Distribusi Hasil Tangkapan Menggunakan Alat Tangkap Purse Seine di Tpi Paiton dan Tpi Mayangan Probolinggo

    OpenAIRE

    Huda, M Miftachul; Sutjipto, Darmawan Ockto; Jauhari, A Alfan

    2013-01-01

    Rantai distribusi merupakan salah satu kunci dalam keberhasilan suatu kegiatan penyaluran hasil tangkapan untuk mencapai konsumen. Jumlah rantai yang ada didalam suatu kegiatan distribusi juga mempengaruhi dari harga dan kualitas barang yang di distribusikan. Ikan yang merupakan barang mudah rusak, memerlukan perhatian khusus untuk mengetahui tingkat efektivitas dan efisiensinya dalam proses distribusinya. Khususnya distribusi ikan berasal dari Tempat Pelelangan Ikan Paiton dan Tempat Pelelan...

  8. Hypo-fractionated whole breast irradiation: Pro and cons; Irradiation hypofractionnee dans le cancer du sein: pour ou contre?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cutuli, B. [Institut du cancer Courlancy, 38, rue de Courlancy, 51100 Reims (France); Fourquet, A. [Institut Curie, 26, rue d' Ulm, 75005 Paris (France)

    2011-10-15

    The continuous increase of breast cancer (BC) incidence, the logistic constraints of the protracted standard 5-week radiations regimen have led to test short hypo-fractionated whole breast radiation therapy schemes. Three prospective randomized trials and a pilot trial have been published. Large numbers of patients were included, with follow-up duration ranging from 5 to 12 years. The conclusions of these trials were similar, showing local control and toxicity equivalent to those of the standard regimen, and supporting the use of three schemes: 42.5 Gy/16 fractions/3 weeks, 40 Gy/15 fractions/3 weeks or 41.6 Gy/13 fractions/5 weeks. However, the patients in these trials had favourable prognostic factors, were treated to the breast only and the boost dose, when indicated, was delivered with a standard fractionation. Hypo-fractionated treatment can only be recommended in patients treated to the breast only, without nodal involvement, with grade < 3 tumours and who are not candidate to chemotherapy. If a boost is to be given, a standard fractionation should be used. Particular care should be taken to avoid heterogeneities leading to high fractional doses to organs at risk (lung and heart). (authors)

  9. Debate: Pro intraoperative radiation therapy in breast cancer; Debat: pour la radiotherapie peroperatoire dans le cancer du sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubois, J.B.; Lemanski, C.; Azria, D. [Departement de radiotherapie, CRLC Val-d' Aurelle-Paul-Lamarque, 208, rue des Apothicaires, 34298 Montpellier cedex 5 (France); Gutowski, M.; Rouanet, P.; Saint-Aubert, B. [Departement de chirurgie, CRLC Val-d' Aurelle-Paul-Lamarque, 208, rue des Apothicaires, 34298 Montpellier cedex 5 (France)

    2011-10-15

    The use of intraoperative radiation therapy in breast cancer patients started about 20 years ago. Several retrospective and prospective studies have been published. Intraoperative radiation therapy was initially given as a boost to the tumour bed, followed by whole-breast irradiation. These studies have demonstrated the feasibility of the technique, with local control rates and cosmetic results similar to those obtained with standard treatments. Accelerated partial breast irradiation yields local recurrence rates as low as those observed after whole-breast irradiation. Intraoperative radiation therapy as a single irradiation modality with a unique dose has been investigated in recent prospective studies showing satisfactory local results. Intraoperative radiation therapy can be proposed either as a boost or as a unique treatment in selected cases (tumour size, nodal and hormonal status, patient's age). Intraoperative radiation therapy can be delivered by orthovoltage (50 kV) X-rays from mobile generators, or by electrons from linear accelerators, mobile or fixed, dedicated or not to intraoperative radiation therapy. (authors)

  10. L'institutionnalisation des délibérations dans l'espace public au sein ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    seriane.camara

    16 sept. 2010 ... prise de décision occuperont une place importante dans cette étude, l'accent sera surtout mis sur le processus par lequel la délibération dans l' ...... autorités traditionnelles mettent en œuvre pour essayer de faire face aux.

  11. Tehingu vorminõuded ja nende järgimata jätmise tagajärjed / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Tehingu vorminõuete uuendustest 2002. aasta 1. juulist kehtivas tsiviilseadustiku üldosa seaduses. Vorminõude ulatusest ja funktsioonidest. Vorminõude järgimata jätmise tagajärgedest vastavate Riigikohtu lahendite põhjal

  12. Public debate on the Penly 3 project. Construction of an electronuclear production unit of the Penly site (Seine-Maritime)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    After a presentation of the objectives of the Penly 3 project, this report gives an overview of the context of electricity production (increasing world demand, geographically unbalanced energy reserves with fluctuating prices and a tendency to increase, French energy assessment, electricity peculiarities, electricity production and consumption in France in 2009, climate change issue). It presents the Penly 3 project and its alternatives within the frame of the French environment and energy policy. The project is then presented in terms of safety objectives, of design choices, of environmental improvements (water sampling, thermal, chemical and radioactive releases, wastes, sound and visual impact, foreseen cost and financing), and then in terms of socio-economical impact. The main steps of the project are briefly indicated

  13. Der "Mere-Exposure-Effekt" in der Mensch-Technik-Interaktion und seine Auswirkungen auf das Nutzererleben

    OpenAIRE

    Vogel, Marlene

    2016-01-01

    Der Umgang mit interaktiven Schnittstellen technischer Geräte gehört heute zum Alltag vieler Menschen. Diese Schnittstellen werden durch die zunehmende Funktionalität der Geräte komplexer. Beispielsweise sind die heutigen Mobiltelefone, sogenannte Smartphones, mit ihrer unterstützenden und umfangreichen Funktionalität nicht mehr aus dem Leben vieler Menschen wegzudenken. Dabei ist es nicht nur der effiziente Umgang mit der Technik, der u. a. für die Kaufentscheidung eine Bedeutung hat. Vielme...

  14. 10 Contribution à la régulation de la température au sein d'un ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ALI

    Cette dégradation est influencée par plusieurs facteurs tels que : le pH, la température, la teneur en eau, etc. [2]. La température au ... Le digesteur étudié est de type batch, rempli à moitié dont l'autre moitié sert pour contenir le gaz produit. Le substrat utilisé .... coefficient d'absorption de la plaque; G éclairement solaire;.

  15. Dissolution process of atmospheric aerosol particles into cloud droplets; Processus de dissolution des aerosols atmospheriques au sein des gouttes d'eau nuageuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desboeufs, K

    2001-01-15

    Clouds affect both climate via the role they play in the Earth's radiation balance and tropospheric chemistry since they are efficient reaction media for chemical transformation of soluble species. Cloud droplets are formed in the atmosphere by condensation of water vapour onto aerosol particles, the cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). The water soluble fraction of these CCN governs the cloud micro-physics, which is the paramount factor playing on the radiative properties of clouds. Moreover, this soluble fraction is the source of species imply in the oxidation/reduction reactions in the aqueous phase. Thus, it is of particular importance to understand the process controlling the solubilization of aerosols in the cloud droplets. The main purpose of this work is to investigate experimentally and theoretically the dissolution of particles incorporated in the aqueous phase. From the studies conducted up to now, we have identify several factors playing on the dissolution reaction of aerosols. However, the quantification of the effects of these factors is difficult since the current means of study are not adapted to the complexity of cloud systems. First, this work consisted to perform a experimental system, compound by an open flow reactor, enabling to follow the kinetic of dissolution in conditions representative of cloud. This experimental device is used to a systematic characterisation of the known factors playing on the dissolution, i.e. pH, aerosol nature, aerosol weathering... and also for the identification and the quantification of the effects of other factors: ionic strength, acid nature, clouds processes. These experiments gave quantitative results, which are used to elaborate a simple model of aerosol dissolution in the aqueous phase. This model considers the main factors playing on the dissolution and results in a general mechanism of aerosol dissolution extrapolated to the cloud droplets. (author)

  16. Lennureisija õigus saada hüvitist : Euroopa Liidu lennureisijate õiguste määrus / Karin Sein, Age Värv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2013-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi ja nõukogu määrusest nr 261/2004. Reisijate õigusest rahalisele hüvitisele, lennuettevõtja hüvitise maksmise kohustusest ning kohtusse pöördumisest hüvitise nõude esitamiseks

  17. Small product, big renaissance. Module current inverters: Revival of an obsolescent technology; Kleines Produkt, grosser Neuanfang. Der Modulwechselrichter war tot, jetzt koennte seine Renaissance bevorstehen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bosworth, Melissa; Podewils, Christoph

    2009-10-15

    Module current inverters were among the first inventions in the short history of photovoltaic conversion. They convert d.c. modules into a.c. modules and were very popular in the mid-nineties. As solar systems became bigger, however, the market demanded stronger, central current inverters. By 2005, module current inverters were no longer offered by manufacturers as they had high failure rates and low efficiencies. Now, they are having a comeback. (orig.)

  18. Results of the second campaign of the breast cancer detection in the Finistere; Resultats de la deuxieme campagne de depistage du cancer du sein dans le Finistere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muller, M.; Dupre, P.F.; Wong, N.; Pradier, O.; Collet, M. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, 29 - Brest (France); Foll, Y. [ADEC 29, Brest (France)

    2007-11-15

    Some number of quality indicators of the detection is to be improved: the rate of participation (R.E. > 70 %), the positive predictive value of the biopsy (R.E.=75 %) and the proportion of cancers detected without a ganglionic invasion (R.E. > 70 %). (N.C.)

  19. Uranium and rare earth elements in the seine estuary as a consequence of phosphogypsum discharge. Detection using the shore crab Carcinus maenas as a bio-indicator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chassard-Bouchaud, C.

    1997-01-01

    Phosphogypsum containing uranium and rare earth elements has been released into French northern coastal waters. As a consequence marine organisms, such as the crab Carcinus maenas, were contaminated. This bio-indicator organism was investigated using two microanalytical methods: X ray spectrometry associated with electron microscopy and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) connected to an image processing system. The main tissue targets of bioaccumulation were shown to be the exoskeleton and the gills in which the target organelles were sphero-crystals and lysosomes. (author)

  20. Uranium and rare earth elements in the seine estuary as a consequence of phosphogypsum discharge. Detection using the shore crab Carcinus maenas as a bio-indicator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chassard-Bouchaud, C. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 75 - Paris (France)

    1997-12-31

    Phosphogypsum containing uranium and rare earth elements has been released into French northern coastal waters. As a consequence marine organisms, such as the crab Carcinus maenas, were contaminated. This bio-indicator organism was investigated using two microanalytical methods: X ray spectrometry associated with electron microscopy and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) connected to an image processing system. The main tissue targets of bioaccumulation were shown to be the exoskeleton and the gills in which the target organelles were sphero-crystals and lysosomes. (author) 4 refs.

  1. Improving the monitoring of a dumping site in a dynamic environment. Example of the Octeville site (Bay of Seine, English Channel).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méar, Yann; Poizot, Emmanuel; Murat, Anne; Beryouni, Khadija; Baux, Noémie; Dauvin, Jean-Claude

    2018-04-01

    Dredged sediments have different physical and chemical characteristics compared with the sediments in place, which generates multiple effects on the environment. In this study, we show that the sampling strategy used to monitor the effects of dredge spoil deposition on the surrounding environment can lead to different interpretations. It appears that sediment sample replicates may or may not be necessary, depending on the studied area, the prevailing environmental forcings before sediment sampling and the combination of these two factors. The proposed modus operandi allows us to optimize both the confidence on the obtained results and the cost of the sediment studies (sampling and laboratory analyses). The results are based on the sediment fine fraction, which is considered as a key environmental component due, for example, to its strong association with the structure of benthic faunal communities as well as its role in the build-up of pollutants. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Dissolution process of atmospheric aerosol particles into cloud droplets; Processus de dissolution des aerosols atmospheriques au sein des gouttes d'eau nuageuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desboeufs, K.

    2001-01-15

    Clouds affect both climate via the role they play in the Earth's radiation balance and tropospheric chemistry since they are efficient reaction media for chemical transformation of soluble species. Cloud droplets are formed in the atmosphere by condensation of water vapour onto aerosol particles, the cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). The water soluble fraction of these CCN governs the cloud micro-physics, which is the paramount factor playing on the radiative properties of clouds. Moreover, this soluble fraction is the source of species imply in the oxidation/reduction reactions in the aqueous phase. Thus, it is of particular importance to understand the process controlling the solubilization of aerosols in the cloud droplets. The main purpose of this work is to investigate experimentally and theoretically the dissolution of particles incorporated in the aqueous phase. From the studies conducted up to now, we have identify several factors playing on the dissolution reaction of aerosols. However, the quantification of the effects of these factors is difficult since the current means of study are not adapted to the complexity of cloud systems. First, this work consisted to perform a experimental system, compound by an open flow reactor, enabling to follow the kinetic of dissolution in conditions representative of cloud. This experimental device is used to a systematic characterisation of the known factors playing on the dissolution, i.e. pH, aerosol nature, aerosol weathering... and also for the identification and the quantification of the effects of other factors: ionic strength, acid nature, clouds processes. These experiments gave quantitative results, which are used to elaborate a simple model of aerosol dissolution in the aqueous phase. This model considers the main factors playing on the dissolution and results in a general mechanism of aerosol dissolution extrapolated to the cloud droplets. (author)

  3. Étude de la variabilité du génome mitochondrial comme facteur de susceptibilité au cancer du sein

    OpenAIRE

    Blein , Sophie

    2014-01-01

    A large part of the genetic component of breast cancer risk (BCR) is still unexplained. Therefore I studied if variants of the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) might explain a part of this risk. In fact, mitochondria is the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which contribute to genomic instability and tumor development. As a first axis of research, I studied potential interactions between some nuclear and mitochondrial variants, in conjugation to alcohol consumption. Despite the large ...

  4. Characterization of a time-of-flight mass spectrometer and its applications in the study of solid surfaces; Charakterisierung eines Flugzeitmassenspektrometers und seine Anwendungen in der Festkoerperoberflaechenuntersuchung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mazarov, P.

    2006-12-21

    The object and the purpose of the present work was to develop, to assemble and to start running a new TOF (time of flight) mass spectrometer for imaging SNMS analytic which is optimized for the analysis of highly molecular secondary ions. The most important purpose was the characterization of the TOF mass spectrometer. The obtained mass spectra of indium, tantalum and silver clusters reflect the excellent properties of the TOF mass spectrometer for the detection of large clusters with good detection efficiency up to masses of 16000 amu. The possibility of the deflection of selected saturated atom and cluster peaks serves for further improvement of the detection efficiency for large molecules. The accessible mass resolution was determined to be of the order of m/{delta}m=1000 in the high mass region. Numerous measurements were carried out to characterize the useful yield of this spectrometer. For a best possible adaptation of the TOF mass spectrometer for the detection of highly molecular particles, a device for post-acceleration of the detected particles by up to 10 keV were inserted directly before the MCP detector. The detection efficiency of positive secondary ions was determined for different post-acceleration voltages for the example of sputtered indium cluster ions. In addition, a new method was developed for the quantitative determination of the spectral ionization probability {alpha}{sup +}({nu}) of sputtered particles as a function of the emission velocity. The next application of the TOF mass spectrometer is the analysis of complicated organic molecules in solid state surfaces. During measurements of the photo-ionization behaviour of neutral tryptophan molecules, it was found out that a stable molecular ion signal is generated in the SNMS spectrum with h{nu}=7.9 eV can only be observed by the use of a continuous ion beam or very long (ms range) ion pulses. (orig.)

  5. Conversation sur les préoccupations scientifiques et les perspectives de recherche au sein du Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Visuelle et Sonore du Monde Contemporain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Arlaud

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available La présent conversation a été pensée comme l'opportunité de présenter le "Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Visuelle et Sonore du Monde Contemporain", de l'Université Paris 7 - Denis Diderot. Il a été crée en 1992 par monsieur le professeur Dr. Jean Arlaud, anthropologue et cinéaste, directeur auteur et réalisateur de plus de vingt filmes sur des sociétés de tous les continents, dans le même esprit que Jean Rouch, son directeur de doctorat. Ce laboratoire, qui regroupe actuellement 35 chercheurs statutaires et associés, développe des programmes de recherche en Asie Centrale (population Kalash, culture populaire et identité, Asie du Sud-Est ( danses masquées, musique, silat, Îles du Pacifique (Vanuatu, Etats Unis (population Cajun, Afrique (population nilotiques Nyangatom, populations Dogon et Bambara et Europe (anthropologie urbaine, anthropologie rurale, identité, migrations/changements. Ce dialogue, fruit de l'initiative du doctorant brésilien Luiz Eduardo Robinson Achutti, chercheur associé au laboratoire, présent la démarche scientifique et méthodologique du laboratoire. A travers les paroles du Dr. Jean Arlaud, du Dr.Pascal Dibie, de la Dra.Christine Louveau de la Guigneraye et Achutti, sont abordés les sujets et les préoccupations actuels de ces chercheurs, questions sur l'anthropologie de proximité, l'approche poétique, la pratique du travail avec les images et les sons, la ville comme lieu de recherche et les connections entre anthropologie et multimédia.

  6. Töö vastuvõtmine ja töövõtja vastutus ehitusvigade eest / Piia Kalamees, Kalev Saare, Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Piia, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    Töö vastuvõtmise kohustusest, töö valmimise ja vastuvõtmise õiguslikust tähendusest ja mõjust, töövõtja vastutuse ulatusest ja vastutusmudeli erisustest, ehitustöö valmiduse määratlemisest. Eesti ja Saksamaa seaduste ja kohtupraktika võrdlev analüüs

  7. Recettes pour la paix, les droits & le bien-être concoctées au sein de la Genève internationale

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    Cette diversité de recettes est une vitrine d’exemples du travail ainsi réalisé par les organisations basées à Genève, illustré sous une forme innovante, et incluant également des propositions de menus composés de trois plats élaborés par des Chefs cuisiniers exerçant dans des hôtels 5 étoiles sur la place de Genève.

  8. Franz Selety (1893-1933?). His cosmological investigations and the correspondence with Einstein (German Title: Franz Selety (1893-1933?). Seine kosmologischen Arbeiten und der Briefwechsel mit Einstein)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Tobias

    In 1922, Franz Selety, university-bred philosopher and self-educated physicist and cosmologist, developed a molecular hierarchical, spatially infinite, Newtonian cosmological model. His considerations were based on his earlier philosophical work published in 1914 as well as on the early correspondence with Einstein in 1917. Historically, the roots of hierarchical models can be seen in 18th century investigations by Thomas Wright of Durham, Immanuel Kant and Johann Heinrich Lambert. Those investigations were taken up by Edmund Fournier d'Albe and Carl Charlier at the beginning of the 20th century. Selety's cosmological model was criticized by Einstein mainly due to its spatial infiniteness which in Einstein's opinion seemed to contradict Mach's principle. This criticism sheds light on Einstein's conviction that with his first cosmological model, namely the static, spatially infinite, though unbounded Einstein Universe of 1917, the appropriate cosmological theory already had been established.

  9. The new radiation protection law 2018 and its significance for radiography; Das neue Strahlenschutzrecht 2018 und seine Bedeutung fuer die Radiographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaps, Charlotte; Soelter, Barbara; Steege, Andreas [Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Zerstoerungsfreie Pruefung e.V., Berlin (Germany)

    2017-08-01

    The European Directive 2013/59 / Euratom (Euratom Directive) requires the Federal Government, pursuant to Article 106 of this Directive, to transpose the content of the directive into national law by 6 February 2018. The aim of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Construction and Reactor Safety (BMUB) is, in addition to the implementation of the directive, to simultaneously make use of the possibility to modernize, improve and make more effective the radiation protection law. Directive 2013/59 / EURATOM will be incorporated into German law by the new Radiological Protection Act (StrlSchG) and other regulations on the level of an ordinance. The Radiological Protection Act, the Radiation Protection Ordinance and the X-ray Ordinance will be replaced by the StrlSchG. It is interesting to see the year 2017 under the point of view that the regulations at the level of regulation need to be elaborated. In particular, since the separation in radiation protection and X-ray regulation is not continued. Users could also experience this time pressure in 2018 when, in addition to the Radiation Protection Act, a large number of ordinances become legally binding. [German] Durch die europaeische Richtlinie 2013/59/EURATOM (Euratom-Richtlinie) ist die Bundesregierung gemaess Artikel 106 dieser Richtlinie verpflichtet, die inhaltlichen Vorgaben bis 6. Februar 2018 in nationales Recht umzusetzen. Das Ziel des Bundesministeriums fuer Umwelt, Naturschutz, Bau und Reaktorsicherheit (BMUB) ist es, neben der Umsetzung der Richtlinie, gleichzeitig die Moeglichkeit zu nutzen, das Strahlenschutzrecht zu modernisieren, praxistauglich zu verbessern und vollzugsfreundlicher zu gestalten. Die Richtlinie 2013/59/EURATOM wird durch das neue Strahlenschutzgesetz (StrlSchG) und weiteren Regelungen auf Verordnungsebene in das deutsche Recht eingehen. Das Strahlenschutzvorsorgegesetz, die Strahlenschutzverordnung und die Roentgenverordnung werden vom StrlSchG abgeloest werden. Interessant wird das Jahr 2017 unter dem Blickwinkel, dass die Regelungen auf Verordnungsebene erst noch erarbeitet werden muessen. Insbesondere, da die Trennung in Strahlenschutz- und Roentgenverordnung nicht fortgefuehrt wird. Auch die Anwender koennten diesen zeitlichen Druck 2018 zu spueren bekommen, wenn neben dem Strahlenschutzgesetz, noch eine Vielzahl an Verordnungen rechtskraeftig werden.

  10. Extraprostatische Expansion des Prostatakarzinoms und seine Beziehung zu den Resektionsrändern bei der radikalen Prostatektomie aus Sicht des Pathologen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noll P

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Das Prostatakarzinom stellt heute in der westlichen Welt das am häufigsten diagnostizierte Karzinom beim Mann dar. Entsprechend dieser Häufigkeit werden zunehmend radikale Prostatektomien durchgeführt. Die histologische Aufarbeitung des Operationspräparates liefert dem Urologen die wichtigsten Prognosefaktoren des Prostatakarzinoms. Hierbei besteht ein enger Zusammenhang zwischen der extraprostatischen Ausdehnung des Tumors und seiner Beziehung zu den Resektionsrändern. Anhand einer eigenen Untersuchung an 200 radikal operierten Prostatakarzinomen konnte gezeigt werden, dass hierbei die Lokalisation, der Malignitätsgrad und die Größe des Tumors entscheidende Bedeutung haben. Die Ermittlung dieser Parameter ist abhängig von einer standardisierten Untersuchungstechnik auf der Grundlage einer vollständigen histologischen Aufarbeitung der Prostata.

  11. Marketing Tools for Increasing Proactivity in Technical Information Centers. (Les Outils de Marketing dans la Stimulation de la Proactivite au Sein des Infocentres)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    CLust, IICr. 3. Sales Promotion - All efforts designed to stimulate the customer to make a purchase. If ’v,,rs usually include direct incentives for the...decals. remiote. "* Sales promotion Uniform, lapel pin, audio-visual, exhibits and displays, advertisements, direct mail, posters, giveaways

  12. Warum will Charles Bovary kein Hausarzt mehr sein? – zur Medialität von Interviews mit angehenden Allgemeinmediziner_innen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niklas Barth

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Im Zentrum dieses Beitrags stehen Interviews mit Ärzt_innen in Weiterbildung (ÄiW zum Facharzt/zur Fachärztin für Allgemeinmedizin. Aus der Analyse dieser Texte kann man erstens lernen, wie sich Motive überhaupt als plausible Motive darstellen lassen. Dabei sieht man zweitens, dass die Kommunikation von Kontingenz in diesen Erzählungen geradezu als Ressource benutzt wird, die Kontingenz einer zu erzählenden Geschichte zu bewältigen. Vor allem aber gerät drittens in den Interviews die Medialität des Forschungsprozesses selbst in den Blick. In der selektiven Form dieser Erzählungen liegt selbst schon ihr Befund. Eine Soziologie, die die Erzählungen ihrer Informant_innen fast trotzig für Krücken hält, um zum Leben selbst durchzustoßen, kann von diesem medientheoretischen Hinweis womöglich profitieren. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs160317

  13. Tarbijalemüügilepingu sätete kohaldatavus tarbijast liisinguvõtja ja müüja vahelises suhtes / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2012-01-01

    Liisinguvõtja õigustest liisingueseme puuduste korral ning tarbijalemüügi imperatiivsete sätete kohaldamisest. Võlaõigusseaduse § 365 lõige 1 Euroopa Liidu tarbijalemüügidirektiivi (1999/44/EÜ) kontekstis

  14. La place de la traduction et de l’interprétation au sein des services publics espagnols : historique, situation actuelle et perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Valero Garcés, Carmen

    2014-01-01

    1. Introduction En 1998, j’ai rédigé un article intitulé « ¿Traducción e interpretación en los servicios públicos ? ¿De qué me hablas ? ¿Una nueva especialización ? » dans le cadre des Troisièmes rencontres de la traduction qui se déroulèrent à l’Université d’Alcalá de Henares (Madrid) avec pour thème : nouvelles tendances et applications de la traduction. Cette communication faisait figure d’OVNI au milieu de travaux qui portaient sur les avancées technologiques et sur leur application concr...

  15. Melun (Seine-et-Marne, ancien prieuré Saint-Sauveur : première synthèse des campagnes 2000-2005 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrice Henrion

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available En 1995, l’étude de la crypte  du début du xie siècle, conservée sous le chevet de l’église de l’ancien prieuré Saint-Sauveur , nous persuadait de l’indéniable intérêt du site et d’un fort potentiel archéologique qu’il était nécessaire de saisir si l’on voulait comprendre son origine et son évolution. Les travaux de fouille engagés par le Service municipal de l’archéologie dans les années 1997-1999 (fouille de la crypte et des premières travées de la nef auraient pu apporter cette connaissan...

  16. X- or gamma ray converter and manufacturing method for its cathode system. Roentgen- oder Gammastrahlenkonverter und Verfahren zur Herstellung seines Kathodensystems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baeuerlein, R; Uhl, D; Diepers, H; Jablonski, K H

    1981-09-17

    The X-ray converter serves for application in medical diagnostics. For the cathode system of the converter a system based on low-pressure ionography is suited making use of the X-ray photoelectric emission. The electrodes of the cathode system consist of double-layer films with two external conduction layers and an insulator in between. As an auxiliary voltage can be applied between the individual layers the field gradient in the holes may be adjusted, thus increasing the quantum yield.

  17. Selective localization of neptunium-237 in the nuclei of mammalian cells. Localisation selective du neptunium-237 au sein des noyaux des cellules de mammiferes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galle, P.; Boulahdour, H. (Faculte de Medecine, 94 - Creteil (FR)); Metivier, H. (CEA Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (FR). Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire)

    1992-01-01

    After injection in the rat of soluble neptunium salt, the distribution of this element was studied at the subcellular level by electron microscopy and electron probe microanalysis. Abnormal structures have been observed by electron microscopy in the nuclei of hepatocytes, and the same structures have also been observed in the nuclei of the proximal tubules cells of the kidney. These structures are formed of clusters of very small and dense particles, several nanometers in diameter. The clusters are localized in the central part of the nuclei and they are separate from nucleoli and heterochromatin. Electron probe X-ray analysis of this cluster have shown that they contain neptunium associated with phosphorus. In the cell containing neptunium inclusions, other non specific lesions are also observed (nuclear pycnosis, mitochondrial depletion).

  18. La qualité en industrie, application : travail sur la qualité produit au sein d'une industrie agro-alimentaire

    OpenAIRE

    Ispa, Myriam

    2004-01-01

    L'important développement industriel et les évolutions sociales majeures de ces dernières décennies sont à l'origine de l'avènement de la qualité qui occupe aujourd'hui une place à part entière dans les entreprises. Son importance est universellement reconnue et elle se situe maintenant au coeur des dernières théories managériales. Après avoir défini le concept de qualité et retracé son évolution au cours du temps, cette étude établit, dans un premier temps, une présentation complète du manag...

  19. The novel energy industry law and its impacts on the market and the natural gas sector of industry; Das neue Energiewirtschaftsrecht und seine Folgen fuer Markt und Branchen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wetzel, U.; Weyand, M. [eds.

    1999-10-01

    The book gives an in-depth, though easy-to-digest analysis of the completely revised German energy industry law and the deep-cutting changes brought about for the German natural gas industry as a marketer at home and in the European deregulated Internal Market for energy. Apart from explaining the legislative texts and their interpretation in line with the legislative intent, the authors present valuable, practice-oriented information for marketers challenged by the open market and the need for developing optimized cost and revenue management strategies as well as risk management strategies. The information confers the basic insight into novel marketing instruments and opportunities, enabling readers to assess with required reliability emerging market developments, develop their own corporate strategies in response, maintain and strengthen their shares of the market, elaborate risk management strategies and alliances, and exploit and observe the chances and restraints set by the legal framework. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Das Buch beschreibt die Auswirkungen des neuen Energiewirtschaftsrechts detailliert und verstaendlich. Neben den Rechtsgrundlagen veroeffentlicht es auch konkrete Informationen zu einem optimierten Kosten- und Erloesmanagement und schildert umsetzbare Konzepte fuer ein erfolgreiches Risikomanagement. Damit schafft das Buch Grundlagen, um - die kommenden Entwicklungen zuverlaessig einzuschaetzen, - konkrete Unternehmensstrategien zu entwickeln, - Marktanteile zu halten und auszubauen, - Risiken gezielt zu begegnen, - rechtssicher zu handeln. (orig.)

  20. Digitaalse infosisu lepingutingimustele vastavuse hindamine. Euroopa ühise müügiõiguse eelnõu / Karin Sein, Siiri Kuusik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2014-01-01

    Digitaalse infosisu kvaliteedi hindamisest, ligipääsust, tehnilistest kasutuspiirangutest, koostalitlusvõimest ja ühilduvusest. Autoriõigusest tingitud kasutuspiirangutest. Puudulikust informatsioonist ja turvalisusest. Artikkel põhineb osaliselt Siiri Kuusiku 2014. aasta kevadel kaitstud magistritööl

  1. Walter Schottky. Atom-theorist and electrotechnician. His life and work until the year 1941; Walter Schottky. Atomtheoretiker und Elektrotechniker. Sein Leben und Werk bis ins Jahr 1941

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serchinger, Reinhard W.

    2008-07-01

    In this first scientific biography of Walter Schottky at the one hand the origin of his scientific and technical works is reproduced and put in the physical-historical connection of his time. At the other hand his special role in the research strategy of the Siemens company becomes clear, which could in the framework of this research project for the first time be identified. Also psychological aspects were essentially included in the study, because else the binding of the particular more corresponding to an ivory-tower than and industrial physicist personality of Schottky to the Siemens trust not would be understandable. The example of Walter Schottky shows the importance of the researching individuum, which until today undoubtly can be an important element of company-internal innovation processes not only contrarily but also in the transition to scientific team work.

  2. Analyse de systèmes de production au sein du périmètre irrigué du Tadla (Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parfonry, R.

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Farming systems analysis in the irrigated area of Tadla - Morocco. The project "Survey of the soils under irrigation and drainage" executed in one of the 9 areas irrigated of Morocco (The Tadla is the purpose of taking stock, with the help of observations, measures and tapping of available data, of a system of develop land in cruising speed. It cornes forward to determinate "outstanding factors of a develop land with irrigation" in order to estimate the efficiency. The objectives were distributed among the 4 following subjects : Survey of the soils Farming systems Irrigation and drainage Irrigations forecast. This publication achieves the synthesis of the enquiries collected together by the analysis of the farming systems.

  3. Les représentations sociales liées au lieu de résidence au sein du parc de Bercy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teddy Arrif

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Notre recherche se propose d’analyser les représentations et les pratiques spatiales des usagers du parc de Bercy situé dans le 12ème arrondissement de Paris. La littérature nous a conduit à poser l’hypothèse d’un lien fort entre ces représentations et pratiques d’une part, et la proximité résidentielle. L’enquête menée auprès des usagers du parc de Bercy a confirmé au moins partiellement notre hypothèse. Elle a permis également de pointer l’importance de l’accessibilité au parc notamment pour les usagers résidant hors de l’arrondissement. Enfin, elle confirme la nécessité de prendre en compte les pratiques et les représentations des habitants dans l’aménagement des parcs publics parisiens.Our research aims to analyze performances and practice space users Parc de Bercy in the 12th arrondissement of Paris. The literature has led us to ask the assumption of a strong link between these representations and practices on the one hand, and the nearby residential. The survey of users of the Parc de Bercy confirmed at least partially our hypothesis. It has also point to the importance of accessibility to the park especially for users outside the borough. Finally, it confirms the need to take into account the practices and representations of residents in the management of public parks in Paris.

  4. La place d'Ekain (couche VII au sein du Magdalénien basco-cantabrique : nouvelles contributions sur l'organisation des productions lithiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathieu Langlais

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre los yacimientos excavados y estudiados por J. Altuna y su equipo, la cueva de Ekain presenta una secuencia estratigráfica (ALTUNA & MERINO, 1984 y un complejo parietal (ALTUNA & APELLANIZ, 1978 esenciales para la comprensión de la evolución del Magdaleniense en el País Vasco y de sus relaciones con Cantabria y los Pirineos. Situados cronologicamente entre las fases inferiores y medias del Magdaleniense, las producciones líticas del nivel VII de Ekain se resisten a integrarse en los esquemas que definen una y otra fase. Esta contribución aporta nuevos elementos al debate a partir de una aproximación comparativa de la organización de las producciones líticas de Ekain, en relación con las de otras series regionales clásicas y atípicas.

  5. Optimum sample length for estimating anchovy size distribution and the proportion of juveniles per fishing set for the Peruvian purse-seine fleet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Joo

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The length distribution of catches represents a fundamental source of information for estimating growth and spatio-temporal dynamics of cohorts. The length distribution of caught is estimated based on samples of catched individuals. This work studies the optimum sample size of individuals at each fishing set in order to obtain a representative sample of the length and the proportion of juveniles in the fishing set. For that matter, we use anchovy (Engraulis ringens length data from different fishing sets recorded by observers at-sea from the On-board Observers Program from the Peruvian Marine Research Institute. Finally, we propose an optimum sample size for obtaining robust size and juvenile estimations. Though the application of this work corresponds to the anchovy fishery, the procedure can be applied to any fishery, either for on board or inland biometric measurements.

  6. Kuidas hageda teises Euroopa Liidu liikmesriigis teadmata aadressil elavat võlgnikku? Kohtudokumentide kättetoimetamise ja tagaseljaotsusega seonduvad probleemid / Haide Hermet, Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermet, Haide, 1970-

    2014-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest kohtualluvusest Eesti tsiviilkohtumenetluse seadustiku § 75 lg 1 ja Brüsseli I määruse järgi. Kohtudokumentide kättetoimetamise määrusest 1393/2007. Euroopa Kohtu lahendites kehtestatud standarditest ja Eesti kohtupraktikast

  7. Kahjustatud isiku omaosalus kahju tekkimisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Piia Karu ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Piia

    2005-01-01

    Kahjuhüvitise vähendamine sõltuvalt kahjustatud isikust tulenevatest asjaoludest või ohust, mille eest kahjustatud isik vastutab ; kui kahjustatud isik aitas ise kahju tekkimisele kaasa või suurendas juba tekkinud kahju ; isiku surma põhjustamise, tema tervise kahjustamise või talle kehavigastuse tekitamise korral ; omaosaluse tagajärjed

  8. Génomique comparative et évolutive au sein du complexe d’espèces Leptosphaeria maculans-Leptosphaeria biglobosa

    OpenAIRE

    Grandaubert, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Leptosphaeria maculans ‘brassicae’ (Lmb) est un champignon filamenteux de la classe des Dothideomycètes faisant partie du complexe d’espèces Leptosphaeria maculans-Leptosphaeria biglobosa composé d’agents pathogènes des crucifères. Lmb est particulièrement adapté au colza (Brassica napus) et provoque la maladie qui lui est la plus dommageable : la nécrose du collet. Dans le but de mieux comprendre et contrôler cette maladie, l’équipe d’accueil a initié un projet de génomique visant à identifi...

  9. Génomique comparative et évolutive au sein du complexe d’espèces Leptosphaeria maculans-Leptosphaeria biglobosa

    OpenAIRE

    Grandaubert , Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Leptosphaeria maculans ‘brassicae’ (Lmb) is a filamentous ascomycete from class Dothideomycetes. It belongs to the Leptosphaeria maculans-Leptosphaeria biglobosa species complex which comprises pathogens of crucifers. Lmb is specifically adapted to oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and is responsible for the most damaging disease of this crop: “stem canker”. In order to better understand and control the disease, the host team initiated a genomic project aiming at systematically identify genes inv...

  10. The discovery of the Higgs particle. Or how the universe got its mass. 3. ed.; Die Entdeckung des Higgs-Teilchens. Oder wie das Universum seine Masse bekam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lesch, Harald (ed.) [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Astronomie und Astrophysik

    2013-07-01

    Higgs - that is a physicist, a field, a particle. 1964 only the idea of Peter Higgs and some other physicists existed: A theory for specialists of particle physics. Since the 1980th years then in the underground at Geneva the largest machine of mankind was built - consisting of a nearly 27 kilometers long ring tunnel and gigantic detectors. In this enormous facility, called LHC (Large Hadron Collider), particles were accelerated nearly to light velocity. In its collisions they should produce the predicted Higgs particle. Finally in 2012 the detection succeeded - the Higgs particle exists really. And also a Higgs field exists. It penetrates the whole cosmos and mediates to the particles the property of the rest mass. Nearly men have never came to the big bang. And Peter Higgs received 2013 with Francois Englert the Nobel prize of physics. Harald Lesch and his coworkers report from the expensive search for the Higgs particle, the theoretical conditions and consequences for the particle physics. They clarify what it's called ''God particle'' or fears about a black hole arising in the LHC experiment. An exciting narrative about the foundations of our universe and the fascination at the fringe of the recognizable reality.

  11. Abschlusskompetenzen für alle Gesundheitsberufe: das schweizerische Rahmenwerk und seine Konzeption [Learning Outcomes for Health Professions: The Concept of the Swiss Competencies Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sottas, Beat

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available [english] Modern conceptions of education are based on normative goals concerning learning outcomes in terms of competencies to acquire. The objective of the Swiss competencies framework was to define general and profession-specific learning outcomes for Bachelor’s and Master’s degree programmes in nursing, physiotherapy, occupational therapy (ergotherapy, midwifery, nutrition counselling, and technicians in medical radiology. In addition, national authorities needed an instrument that allowed the integration of the old professional trainings into a nationally-harmonised education system and that showed the specificities of the levels (higher vocational education; bachelor and master degree at university level. While the general learning outcomes were derived from legal bases, the profession-specific learning outcomes are elaborated according to the competency-based CanMEDS framework. In the CanMEDS framework, knowledge, skills, and attitudes are condensed into meta-competencies which in turn are divided into seven roles, including the medical expert (central role. Taxonomic characteristics and indicators were elaborated in an iterative process that involved regulators, the universities of applied sciences and professional organisations. For the degree programmes mentioned above, the framework developed focuses not only on professional expertise, but also on collaboration with other health professions. Moreover, the interface-management in care taking processes is a critical success factor. Based on this conception, three levels of objectives were identified: general competencies, profession-specific learning outcomes and learning objectives to be implemented in the universities of applied sciences. The general competencies are composed of four dimensions and apply to all health professionals. The profession-specific learning outcomes for the Bachelor’s and Master’s degree programmes are outlined with 3 to 5 indicators each in all seven professions concerned. The definition and identification of these learning outcomes allows locating the different study programmes on the correct level of tertiary education. The resulting competency framework can be applied to all health professions. The general and job-specific learning outcomes are a coherent, coordinated set of standards, which represent the objectives of Bachelor’s and Master’s degree programmes in a differentiated way and promote inter-professional collaboration. [german] Eine moderne Bildungskonzeption basiert auf der Regelung mittels normativen Zielen über die zu erwerbenden Kompetenzen. Im Rahmen des Projektes Abschlusskompetenzen galt es, für die Schweiz allgemeine (gesundheitspolitische und berufsspezifische Ausbildungsziele für die Studiengänge Pflege, Physiotherapie, Ergotherapie, Hebamme, Ernährungsberatung und medizinisch-technische Radiologie auf Bachelor- und Master-Stufe zu erarbeiten. Zudem war ein Integrationsinstrument notwendig, um die alten Berufsbildungen in die abgestimmte nationale Bildungssystematik zu überführen. Die allgemeinen Kompetenzen sind aus Rechtsgrundlagen abgeleitet. Die berufsspezifischen Kompetenzen basieren auf dem kanadischen Rollenkonzept von CanMEDS, in dem Wissen, Fähigkeiten und Fertigkeiten in „Metakompetenzen“ verdichten werden, die das professionelle Handeln in sieben Rollen aufgliedern. Die Rolle Experte wird eigenständig definiert. Die taxonomischen Ausprägungen und Indikatoren wurden in einem iterativen Prozess unter Einbezug der Regulatoren, der Fachhochschulen und der Berufsorganisationen erarbeitet. Für die genannten Ausbildungen ist es gelungen, eine Konzeption zu entwickeln, welche nebst dem fachlichen Können im engeren Sinn die Zusammenarbeit mit anderen Gesundheitsberufen und das Schnittstellen-Management als entscheidende Erfolgsfaktoren behandelt. Aus dieser Konzeption wurde in der Schweiz eine Hierarchie von drei Zielebenen abgeleitet: die allgemeinen und die berufsspezifischen Kompetenzen sowie fachspezifische Lernziele. Die allgemeinen Kompetenzen umfassen vier Dimensionen und gelten für alle Health Professionals. Die berufsspezifischen Kompetenzen wurden für die sechs Berufe auf Bachelor- und Masterstufe mit jeweils 3 – 5 Indikatoren umschrieben. Die definierten Abschlusskompetenzen erlauben eine niveaugerechte Verortung auf der Hochschulstufe. Das entwickelte Kompetenzenkonzept lässt sich auf alle Gesundheitsberufe anwenden. Die allgemeinen und berufsspezifischen Abschlusskompetenzen sind ein kohärentes, horizontal zwischen sechs Gesundheitsberufen abgestimmtes Normenwerk, welches die Ziele auf Bachelor- und Masterstufe differenziert darstellt und einen Beitrag zur Befähigung zur interprofessionellen Zusammenarbeit leistet.

  12. Radiopharmaceutical prescription in nuclear medicine departments; La prescription medicale des radiopharmaceutiques au sein d'un service de medecine nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biechlin-Chassel, M.L. [Radiopharmacie, service de pharmacie, Centre hospitalier de Chambery, 73 - Chambery (France); Lao, S. [Service de medecine nucleaire, CHU-Hopital de l' Archet, 06 - Nice (France); Bolot, C. [Service de pharmacie, hospices civiles de Lyon, groupement hospitalier Est, 69 - Bron (France); Francois-Joubert, A. [Service de medecine nucleaire, centre hospitalier de Chambery, 73 - Chambery (France)

    2010-11-15

    In France, radiopharmaceutical prescription is often discussed depending to which juridical structure the nuclear medicine department is belonging. According to current regulation, this prescription is an obligation in a department linked to hospital with a pharmacy department inside. But situation remains unclear for independent nuclear medicine departments where physicians are not constrained to prescribe radiopharmaceuticals. However, as radiographers and nurses are only authorized to realize theirs acts in front of a medical prescription, one prescription must be realized. Nowadays, computerized prescription tools have been developed but only for radiopharmaceutical drugs and not for medical acts. In the aim to achieve a safer patient care, the prescription regulation may be applied whatever differences between nuclear medicines departments. (authors)

  13. Suivi et modélisation de la dynamique des cyanobactéries dans les lacs urbains au sein de leur bassin versant

    OpenAIRE

    Silva , Talita

    2014-01-01

    Urban lakes, often artificial, are fully integrated into the urban environment and perform several roles that are important for the sustainable functioning of cities. These ecosystems are strongly affected by human activities such as urbanization, land use changes and surface imperviousness which raise runoff in volume and speed, causing greater carrying capacity and greater pollutant load to aquatic receptors. Because of these anthropogenic activities, many lakes in the world are eutrophic a...

  14. Tarbijate õiguste kaitse Euroopa müügiõiguse eelnõus: kas kõrgem tase Eesti tarbija jaoks? / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2013-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni ettepanekust luua vabatahtlik ühine Euroopa müügiõigus (EÜM) ning Eestis kehtivast regulatsioonist tulenevalt võlaõigusseadusest. Artikkel põhineb 32. Eesti õigusteadlaste päevadel peetud ettekandel, mille autor pidas Tartus 4. oktoobril 2012

  15. Välisriigis toimunud abielulahutuse tunnustamine Eestis : [magistritöö] / Rasmus Kuklane ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuklane, Rasmus

    2008-01-01

    Välisriigis toimunud lahutuse tunnustamine Eestis Euroopa Liidu liikmesriigina (Brüssel II bis määrus) või rahvusvaheliste lepingute alusel (Haagi 1970. a. konventsioon, õigusabilepingud riikide vahel), kohtupraktika analüüs

  16. Hypo-fractionated radiotherapy in the treatment of breast cancer in elderly patients; Radiotherapie hypofractionnee dans le traitement du cancer du sein de la personne agee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Merikhi, T.; Meziane, A.; Laarit, I.; Bali, M.S.; Bendjazia-Djemaa, A. [CHU de Constantine, Constantine (Algeria)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report an assessment on the long term of the efficiency and toxicity of a hypo-fractionated radiotherapy scheme: 5 Gy on d1 and d3, 6,5 Gy on d15 and d17, and 5 Gy on d29 and d31. The study is based on 144 patients treated between 1990 and 2007. Results are presented in terms of average follow-up, of survival rate without relapse by 5 and 8 years. This treatment could be a good solution to reduce therapeutic delays and a good response to expectations of elderly patients suffering from breast cancer. Short communication

  17. Notre-Dame du Raincy (Seine-Saint-Denis, chef-d’œuvre des chapelles de la banlieue ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine Le Bas

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Territoire érigé en commune en 1869, Le Raincy doit, dans le cadre concordataire, se doter d’une église à la mesure d’un essor démographique qui gonfle le nombre de ses paroissiens. Le curé, Victor Nègre, qui bénéficie à l’issue de la Grande guerre d’un don lié aux victimes de la Bataille de la Marne, doit donc concevoir à la fois une église paroissiale et un mémorial. Après divers projets, les architectes Auguste et Gustave Perret se proposent d’édifier une église vaste et légère pour un coût raisonnable. L’édifice s’inspire d’un programme basilical à tour-porche assez traditionnel ; mais l’audace structurelle des voiles minces de la nef et des bas-côtés, l’emploi d’un matériau - le béton armé - jusqu’alors quasi inédit dans ce type d’architecture, et le processus constructif retenu, fondé sur une standardisation poussée de la production d’éléments modulaires et de leur assemblage, en font un édifice très novateur. Au terme de treize mois de chantier, c’est une église de banlieue qui émerge, dotée des équipements nécessaires à la vie paroissiale, mais aussi un sanctuaire conforme à la réforme liturgique amorcée au début du siècle. Un riche programme iconographique résultant de l’étroite collaboration du curé, de l’architecte et du peintre (Maurice Denis y développe et y noue trois thématiques (christique, marial et patriotique dont la synthèse inaugure un nouvel art sacré. Malgré le choc initial de sa réception, l’église du Raincy devint, à l’étranger d’abord, puis en France, le prototype d’une architecture religieuse moderne et économique, genre dans lequel les frères Perret s’illustrèrent par une œuvre abondante jusqu’à la fin de leur carrière. La reconnaissance officielle de l’église - classée en 1966 - assura la pérennité d’une œuvre dont le matériau principal et les verrières appelaient d’urgentes restaurations, aujourd’hui achevées.The Paris suburb of Le Raincy became an independent commune in 1869 and, in accordance with the Concordat of 1801, was expected to build a church to accommodate its growing numbers of parishioners. After the First World War, the parish priest, Victor Nègre, received a donation destined to honour the victims of the Battle of the Marne, and the church he had to conceive was consequently both a parish church and a war memorial. After various other projects, the architects Auguste and Gustave Perret put forward a design for a vast, airy building which could be erected at a relatively low cost. Their building was of basilical inspiration with a fairly traditional tower-porch. But the church was nonetheless a highly innovative building in terms of its construction techniques: the thin concrete walls for the nave and side aisles; the use of reinforced concrete, then almost unheard of in religious architecture; the building techniques used, based on considerable standardisation in the production and assembly of modular elements. The church took thirteen months to build and resulted in an edifice with all the facilities necessary for parish life, but which was also a sanctuary in harmony with the liturgical reforms undertaken at the beginning of the 20th century. The decoration of the church was particularly rich, resulting from the close collaboration between the priest, the architects and the painter Maurice Denis. The themes dealt with, turning around the figures of Christ and the Virgin Mary, and with patriotic overtones, announced in their synthesis the inter-war renewal of sacred art. Despite initial reticence in the face of the church’s modernity, it was soon recognised, first abroad and then in France, as a possible prototype for modern, economic religious buildings. The Perret brothers pursued this type of church building, with numerous examples, up to the end of their career. The recognition of the church’s heritage values - it was given statutory protection (classé in 1966 - guaranteed the building’s survival: the original reinforced concrete and the stained-glass windows were in urgent need of restoration, but this restoration has been completed today.

  18. Radiotherapy for breast cancer: respiratory and set-up uncertainties; Irradiation du cancer du sein: incertitudes liees aux mouvements respiratoires et au repositionnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saliou, M.G.; Giraud, P.; Simon, L.; Fournier-Bidoz, N.; Fourquet, A.; Dendale, R.; Rosenwald, J.C.; Cosset, J.M. [Institut Curie, Dept. d' Oncologie-Radiotherapie, 75 - Paris (France)

    2005-11-15

    Adjuvant Radiotherapy has been shown to significantly reduce locoregional recurrence but this advantage is associated with increased cardiovascular and pulmonary morbidities. All uncertainties inherent to conformal radiation therapy must be identified in order to increase the precision of treatment; misestimation of these uncertainties increases the potential risk of geometrical misses with, as a consequence, under-dosage of the tumor and/or overdosage of healthy tissues. Geometric uncertainties due to respiratory movements or set-up errors are well known. Two strategies have been proposed to limit their effect: quantification of these uncertainties, which are then taken into account in the final calculation of safety margins and/or reduction of respiratory and set-up uncertainties by an efficient immobilization or gating systems. Measured on portal films with two tangential fields. CLD (central lung distance), defined as the distance between the deep field edge and the interior chest wall at the central axis, seems to be the best predictor of set-up uncertainties. Using CLD, estimated mean set-up errors from the literature are 3.8 and 3.2 mm for the systematic and random errors respectively. These depend partly on the type of immobilization device and could be reduced by the use of portal imaging systems. Furthermore, breast is mobile during respiration with motion amplitude as high as 0.8 to 10 mm in the anteroposterior direction. Respiratory gating techniques, currently on evaluation, have the potential to reduce effect of these movements. Each radiotherapy department should perform its own assessments and determine the geometric uncertainties with respect of the equipment used and its particular treatment practices. This paper is a review of the main geometric uncertainties in breast treatment, due to respiration and set-up, and solutions proposed to limit their impact. (author)

  19. TPA: Freie Hand für freien Handel? : US-Präsident Bushs Auseinandersetzung mit dem Kongress um seine handelspolitische Autorität

    OpenAIRE

    Braml, Josef; Schmucker, Claudia

    2007-01-01

    "Am 1. Juli 2007 endet die Vereinbarung, wonach der Kongress die vom amerikanischen Präsidenten vorgelegten internationalen Handelsabkommen nur noch als ganzes, das heißt ohne Änderungsanträge annehmen oder ablehnen kann. Damit wird auch die Verhandlungsmacht des Präsidenten auf internationaler Ebene (u.a. im Rahmen der Doha-Runde in der Welthandelsorganisation, WTO) berührt, nämlich Vereinbarungen ohne Wenn und Aber politisch durchsetzen zu können. Wie gut stehen Bushs Chancen, parteiü...

  20. Particle acceleration inside PWN: Simulation and observational constraints with INTEGRAL; Acceleration de particules au sein des vents relativistes de pulsar: simulation et contraintes observationelles avec le satellite INTEGRAL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forot, M

    2006-12-15

    The context of this thesis is to gain new constraints on the different particle accelerators that occur in the complex environment of neutron stars: in the pulsar magnetosphere, in the striped wind or wave outside the light cylinder, in the jets and equatorial wind, and at the wind terminal shock. An important tool to constrain both the magnetic field and primary particle energies is to image the synchrotron ageing of the population, but it requires a careful modelling of the magnetic field evolution in the wind flow. The current models and understanding of these different accelerators, the acceleration processes and open questions have been reviewed in the first part of the thesis. The instrumental part of this work involves the IBIS imager, on board the INTEGRAL satellite, that provides images with 12' resolution from 17 keV to MeV where the SPI spectrometer takes over up, to 10 MeV, but with a reduced 2 degrees resolution. A new method for using the double-layer IBIS imager as a Compton telescope with coded mask aperture. Its performance has been measured. The Compton scattering information and the achieved sensitivity also open a new window for polarimetry in gamma rays. A method has been developed to extract the linear polarization properties and to check the instrument response for fake polarimetric signals in the various backgrounds and projection effects.

  1. 3,6-Bis(2-pyrazinyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazin: Ein neuer mehrfunktioneller Ligand und sein syn,fac-konfigurierter Bis(tricarbonylchlororhenium)-Komplex

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sarkar, B.; Kaim, W.; Schleid, T.; Hartenbach, I.; Fiedler, Jan

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 629, - (2003), s. 1353-1357 ISSN 0044-2313 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OC D14.20; GA MŠk OC D15.10 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4040901 Keywords : carbonyl ligands * heterocyclic ligands * rhenium Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 1.127, year: 2003

  2. Debate about breast cancer: 'Cons: Intraoperative radiotherapy'; Debats autour du cancer du sein: 'contre' la radiotherapie peroperatoire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourgier, C.; Heymann, S.; Verstraet, R.; Biron, B.; Marsiglia, H. [Departement de radiotherapie, institut Gustave-Roussy, 114, rue edouard-Vaillant, 94800 Villejuif (France)

    2011-10-15

    Early breast cancer incidence increases owing to mammography screening. Hypo-fractionated radiotherapy is more and more proposed in women with low local relapse risk breast cancer, especially accelerated partial breast irradiation. Various irradiation modalities have been reported: brachytherapy, intraoperative irradiation, 3D-conformal accelerated partial breast irradiation. We describe limitations of intraoperative irradiation and the advantages of alternative techniques. (authors)

  3. There is not always a need for diesel engines. Modern city busses powered by gas turbine engines; Es muss nicht immer Diesel sein. Moderne Stadtbusse mit Gasantrieb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruner, G. [Oesterreichische Automobilfabrik OeAF - Graef und Stift AG, Wien (Austria)

    1994-12-31

    Due to increasingly blocked roads and an increasing problem with the pollutant emission, public transportation in city centres is getting increasing attention. In order to reduce the exhaust emissions caused by the traffic, the individual traffic is to be excluded from the city centres, and a larger number of urban busses is to be applied instead. One characteristic feature of the urban busses must be extremely low pollutant emission. Methane, propane and butane all have a high potential to meet the requirements of environment-friendly drive systems. (orig.) [Deutsch] Aufgrund zunehmend verstopfter Strassen und eines damit verbundenen, steigenden Abgasemissionsproblems gewinnt der oeffentliche Verkehr in innerstaedtischen Gebieten staendig an Bedeutung. Um die verkehrsbedingten Abgasemissionen zu vermindern, wird der Individualverkehr mehr und mehr aus den Stadtzentren ausgeschlossen und statt dessen vermehrt Linienbusverkehr angeboten. Die eingesetzten Stadtbusse muesen extrem niedrige Schadstoffemissinen aufweisen. Methan, Propan und Butan beispielsweise weisen ein hohes Potential auf, die Anforderungen an schadstoffarme Antriebssysteme zu erfuellen. (orig.)

  4. Solid ion-conducting material, its use, and method for its manufacture. Festes Ionenleitermaterial, seine Verwendung und Verfahren zu dessen Herstellung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wichelhaus, W; Weppner, W; Hartwig, P

    1984-04-19

    The invention concerns a solid ion conducting material for a battery. Lithium nitride and lithium halogen compounds are mixed in the required mol ratio under an inert gas, compressed and the compressed substance is quickly heated in a nitrogen atmosphere to 460 to 550 deg C, and then tempered at 350 to 450 deg C until the reaction is finished. The lithium halogen compound and lithium metal can also be mixed in the required mol ratio and heated under nitrogen. Here the required temperature is 150 to 500 deg C. The lithium nitride halogen compouhnds exist as crystals. They are suitable for use as the electrolyte in batteries.

  5. Understanding and predicting size selection in diamond-mesh cod ends for danish seining: A study based on sea trials and computer simulations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herrmann, Bent; Krag, Ludvig Ahm; Feekings, Jordan P.

    2016-01-01

    described by a double logistic selection curve, implying that two different size selection processes occur in the cod end. The double selection process could be explained by an additional selection process occurring through slack meshes. The results imply that the escapement of 46% and 34% of the larger...... Atlantic Cod and Haddock (those above 48 cm), respectively, would be through wide-open or slack meshes. Since these mesh states are only likely to be present in the latest stage of the fishing process (e.g., when the cod end is near the surface), a large fraction of the bigger fish probably escaped near...

  6. L'utilisation du cadrage des conséquences au sein des messages de sante publique : bilan et perspectives pour la recherche en marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Balbo, L.; Gavard-Perret, M.L.

    2010-01-01

    Cahier de recherche n° 2010-03 E3; Prospect theory (Tversky and Kahneman, 1979; 1981; 1986) implies that people's decision making processes are not entirely rational, and that preferences may be affected by the way in which information is presented. This theory introduces the “framing effect”; i.e. to what extent does the framing of information influence its perception. This communication aims at providing a synthesis on the academic works related to the study of “framing effect” (Tversky et ...

  7. Appearance and reality. The waste incinerator Vienna Spittelau totally believes in environmental compatibility; Sein und Schein. Die Muellverbrennungsanlage Wien-Spittelau setzt ganz auf Umweltvertraeglichkeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boeckh, Martin

    2010-09-15

    In any city of the world an incineration plant might have become the landmark. Vienna is an exception. What looks like a monument for the artist Friedensreich Hundertwasser, is more than that. It is an indication of environmental protection practiced in the midst of a large city.

  8. Particle acceleration inside PWN: Simulation and observational constraints with INTEGRAL; Acceleration de particules au sein des vents relativistes de pulsar: simulation et contraintes observationelles avec le satellite INTEGRAL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forot, M

    2006-12-15

    The context of this thesis is to gain new constraints on the different particle accelerators that occur in the complex environment of neutron stars: in the pulsar magnetosphere, in the striped wind or wave outside the light cylinder, in the jets and equatorial wind, and at the wind terminal shock. An important tool to constrain both the magnetic field and primary particle energies is to image the synchrotron ageing of the population, but it requires a careful modelling of the magnetic field evolution in the wind flow. The current models and understanding of these different accelerators, the acceleration processes and open questions have been reviewed in the first part of the thesis. The instrumental part of this work involves the IBIS imager, on board the INTEGRAL satellite, that provides images with 12' resolution from 17 keV to MeV where the SPI spectrometer takes over up, to 10 MeV, but with a reduced 2 degrees resolution. A new method for using the double-layer IBIS imager as a Compton telescope with coded mask aperture. Its performance has been measured. The Compton scattering information and the achieved sensitivity also open a new window for polarimetry in gamma rays. A method has been developed to extract the linear polarization properties and to check the instrument response for fake polarimetric signals in the various backgrounds and projection effects.

  9. Traditional crop for biodiesel. Castor oil could be an alternative, but it is a problematic additive; Traditionspflanze fuer Biodiesel. Rizinusoel koennte eine Alternative sein - problematisch als Beimischung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ristau, Oliver

    2012-11-01

    As the demand for energy crops like soy is increasing, so are prices. The castor-oil plant may soon become one of these crops. An Israeli-Brazilian cooperation project is to raise the yields of this old culture plant and make it profitable.

  10. Internal mammary chain irradiation in breast cancer: State of the art; Radiotherapie de la chaine mammaire interne dans les cancers du sein: etat des lieux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auberdiac, P.; Cartier, L.; Hau Desbat, N.H.; De Laroche, G.; Magne, N. [Unite de curietherapie, departement de radiotherapie, institut de cancerologie de la Loire, 108 bis, avenue Albert-Raimond, BP 60008, 42271 Saint-Priest-en-Jarez cedex (France); Chargari, C. [Service d' oncologie radiotherapie, hopital d' instruction des armees du Val-de-Grace, 74, boulevard Port-Royal, 75230 Paris cedex 5 (France); Zioueche, A. [Service de radiotherapie, CHU Dupuytren, 2, avenue Martin-Luther-King, 87000 Limoges (France); Melis, A. [Departement d' oncologie medicale, institut de cancerologie de la Loire, 108 bis, avenue Albert-Raimond, 42271 Saint-Priest-en-Jarez cedex (France); Kirova, Y.M. [Service de radiotherapie oncologique, institut Curie, 26, rue d' Ulm, 75005 Paris (France)

    2011-04-15

    Radiation therapy has a major role in the management of infiltrative breast cancers. However, there is no consensus for the prophylactic treatment of the internal mammary chain (IMC), with strategies that show strong differences according to centers and physicians. Indications for internal mammary chain radiotherapy are debated, since this treatment significantly increases the dose delivered to the heart and leads to potential technical difficulties. Important prospective data recently suggested that internal mammary chain radiotherapy would not be necessary, even in cases of internal or central tumor locations, or in patients with positive axillary lymph nodes. Although these data warrant confirmation by two other prospective trials, there is evidence that the indications for internal mammary chain radiotherapy should be careful and that high quality techniques should be used for decreasing the dose delivered to the heart. This review of literature presents the state of art on the radiotherapy of internal mammary chain, with special focus on the indications, techniques, and potential toxicity. (authors)

  11. Recommandation argumentée de ressources pédagogiques au sein d'un écosystème apprenant

    OpenAIRE

    Chahrazed , Mediani; Abel , Marie-Hélène

    2016-01-01

    National audience; Un écosystème apprenant est un ensemble cohérent composé de biocènes de formation favorisant un « apprentissage ensemble » basé sur l'échange et le partage de connaissances et/ou de compétences pour mieux réussir un projet commun. Les biocènes de formation sont variés et profitent de l'avancée des technologies de l'information et de la communication. Ainsi, la plateforme MEMORAe est un environnement de collaboration organisé autour d'un ensemble d'écosystèmes apprenants par...

  12. Das Mäzenatentum des Grafen Johann Wenzel von Gallas und seine Festivitäten in Rom 1714–1719

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Krummholz, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 27, Oktober (2016), s. 35-53 ISSN 0940-4007 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Johann Wenzel of Gallas * Rome * envoy * patronage * Habsburgs * opera * festivities * Baroque Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  13. Le cycle de l'eau et les activités au sein de l'espace rural. Enjeux globaux, solutions locales et régionales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrier, Alain; Tuzet, Andrée

    2005-02-01

    The analysis of the water cycle emphasizes the weight of surface evaporation compared to rain and the weight of water availability compared to evaporation. The ocean is a huge machine producing water vapour contrary to the continents, where evaporation is limited by plants that must shield themselves from drying and particularly by bare soils where the surface drying slows down the water losses. The availability of water for the biosphere depends on the difference between rain and evaporation. This difference, often called 'net supply', can be modified by anthropogenic actions on the vegetation; for example, the anthropogenic actions such as drying climate (reducing evapotranspiration) increases the net supply; on the opposite, the large development of more and more covering vegetation (arboreous system, bocages, savannah...) decreases the net supply (larger surface evapotranspiration all over the year). Moreover, the feedback between climate and continental interface can modify the rainfall pattern and the thermal equilibrium, leading ecosystems to extreme situations such as drying climate and desertification (ET lower and lower) or equilibrium situations corresponding to large development of vegetation (ET close to EP). The anthropogenic pressure and the human food requirements lead human beings to keep nearly the whole available water of the biosphere, particularly to practise irrigated agriculture. This practise is on average two times more efficient than the rainy agriculture (which is why it is attractive); moreover, its water efficiency decreases according to the environment and its aridity. Except for arboreous systems and agroforestry, agriculture is always a system that leads more or less towards aridity, but we have to bring it under control and to make it sustainable. A good management of the whole rain requires an efficient organization of the territory to optimise the water consumption in order to protect the environment and its biodiversity, to increase the agricultural production, to avoid pollutions and to reduce everywhere it is possible the natural degradation (deforestation-aridification-desertification), even to reverse it. It is the reason why, in situations nearly always unstable and very often difficult, water is inseparable from environment, and any approach on water management cannot be imagined and evaluated out of the context defined by the triptych 'anthroposphere-biosphere-technosphere'. To cite this article: A. Perrier, A. Tuzet, C. R. Geoscience 337 (2005).

  14. Üürilepingu erakorraline ülesütlemine üürniku makseviivituse tõttu / Kaidi Urgas, Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urgas, Kaidi, 1989-

    2013-01-01

    Võlaõigusseaduse § 316 kohaldamise teoreetilistest alustest ja rakendamise praktikast Eesti kohtutes ning seaduse ajakohastamise vajadusest, et poolte õigused ja kohustused paremini tasakaalu viia. Üürileandja ülesütlemisõigus Šveitsi ja Saksa õiguses

  15. Neli tellisseina / Pille Nagel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nagel, Pille

    2012-01-01

    Konkursile Wienerberger Brick Award tagasivaates vaadeldakse nelja maja seinalahendusi: programmeeritud sein (Gantenbeini veinikoda Šveitsis, Bearth & Deplazes, II preemia 2008. a.), laagerdunud sein (Kolumba Muuseum Kölnis, Peter Zumthor, I preemia 2008. a.), kohalik sein (Bloemsingel kortermaja Groningenis, Marlies Rohmer, nominent 2012. a.), sakraalne sein (Liechtensteini parlamendihooned Vaduzis, Hansjörg Göritz, I preemia 2010. a.)

  16. Evidence of different stoichiometries for the limiting carbonate complexes of lanthanides(3); Mise en evidence d'un changement de stoechiometrie du complexe carbonate limite au sein de la serie des lanthanides(3)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Philippini, V

    2007-12-15

    Two stoichiometries have been proposed by different laboratories to interpret measurements on the limiting carbonate complexes of An{sup 3+} and Ln{sup 3+} cations. The study of the solubility of double carbonates (AlkLn(CO{sub 3}){sub 2},xH{sub 2}O) in concentrated carbonate solutions at room temperature and high ionic strengths has shown that on the one hand the lightest lanthanides (La and Nd) form Ln(CO{sub 3}){sub 4}{sup 5-} whereas the heaviest (Eu and Dy) form Ln(CO{sub 3}){sub 3}{sup 3-} in the studied chemical conditions, and on the other hand, that the kinetics of precipitation of double carbonates depends on the alkali metal and the lanthanide ions. The existence of two stoichiometries for the limiting carbonate complexes was confirmed by capillary electrophoresis hyphenated to an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (CE-ICP-MS), used to extend the study to the whole series of lanthanides (except Ce, Pm and Yb). Two behaviours have been put forward comparing the electrophoretic mobilities: La to Tb form Ln(CO{sub 3}){sub 4}{sup 5-} while Dy to Lu form Ln(CO{sub 3}){sub 3}{sup 3-}. Measurements by time resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) on Eu(III) indicate small variations of the geometry of Eu(CO{sub 3}){sub 3}{sup 3-} complex, specially with Cs{sup +}. Although analogies are currently used among the 4f-block trivalent elements, different aqueous speciations are evidenced in concentrated carbonate solutions across the lanthanide series. (author)

  17. How about a slightly more? The PLUS energy school Rostock. A refurbishment project serving as a model; Darf's ein bisschen mehr sein? Die PLUS Energieschule Rostock. Ein Sanierungsobjekt, das Schule machen koennte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wollensak, Heidi [Wollensak Architekten, Wismar (Germany); Institut fuer Gebaeude + Energie + Licht Planung, Wismar (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    Since the implementation of the Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV) the construction industry makes every effort of energy-optimized construction and renovation. In order to implement the recent energy policy objectives of the Federal Government also the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) set a signal: Within the research project 'Energy-efficient schools' under the program 'Energy-optimized building' three selected schools should produce more primary energy than it needs for its own operation. The European School of Rostock (Federal Republic of Germany) is the largest of these PLUS energy schools - the first phase of construction will soon be occupied.

  18. Evaluation of late effects, esthetic results and quality of life after conservative treatment of breast cancer?; Evaluation des effets tardifs, du resultat esthetique et de la qualite de vie apres traitement conservateur du cancer du sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geffrelot, J.; Toudic-Emily, F.; Delozier, T.; Switsers, O.; Allouache, D.; Delcambre, C.; Segura, C.; Levy, C.; Dupont, M.; Joly, F. [Centre Francois-Baclesse, 14 - Caen (France)

    2009-10-15

    Purpose: to evaluate the delayed toxicity of two patterns of adjuvant radiotherapy including a breast irradiation, at the dose of 48 Gy in 20 seances and five weeks or 57.60 Gy in 24 seances and six weeks in case of majored factors of local recurrence risk. The secondary objective were the auto evaluation by the patient of the esthetic result and the influence of this last one on the quality of life. Conclusion: the delayed toxicity was dominated by the fibrosis low to moderated one, without any significant difference between the doses of 48 Gy and 57.60 Gy. The esthetic result evaluated by the patient, globally good, seemed however, damaged with the last pattern. A bad esthetic result, without affected the global quality of life was associated to more specific breast symptoms and damaged the perception of the body image. (N.C.)

  19. Results of conservative treatment with surgery and radiation therapy of 132 non-palpable ductal carcinomas in situ of the breast; Resultats du traitement par chirurgie conservatrice et irradiation de 132 carcinomes canalaires in situ non palpables du sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amalric, R.; Brandone, H.; Dubau, A.; Hans, D.; Brandone, J.M.; Robert, F.; Pollet, J.F.; Amalric, F.; Rouah, Y.; Thomassin, L.; Giraud, D.; Henric, A.; Martin, P.M.; Romain, S. [Academie mediterraneenne d`oncologie clinique, Polyclinique Clairval, 13 - Marseille (France)

    1998-01-01

    Retrospective analysis of results of treatment of 132 subclinical ductal carcinomas in situ, non-palpable. Patients were treated with limited surgery and 70 Gy radiation therapy (70 Gy). With a median follow-up of 7 years, the total recurrence rate was 6 % and the actuarial rate at 5 years 4 % and at 10 years 13 % at. These have no influence on recurrence on the specific actuarial survival rate which was 100 % at 10 years. In spite of five infiltrating recurrences of seven, no metastasis appeared 48 months after the salvage surgery. The global rate of breast. The global rate of breast preservation was 92 % at 7 years. Therapeutic indications were developed taking into account the present analysis and a literature review (2,338 in situ ductal carcinomas, palpable or not, treated with conservative surgery, with or without adjuvant radio-therapy). (author)

  20. Implementation of FCI heating system to the control system of Tore-Supra; Integration du systeme de chauffage FCI au sein du reseau de controle commande du Tokamak Tore Supra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wisniewski, S

    2001-11-01

    This report presents the implementation of the ion cyclotron resonance heating system (FCI) to the instrumentation and control system of the Tore-Supra tokamak. The new plasma heating system involves 3 antennas delivering 12 MW that are required to maintain fusion reactions. This paper is divided into 8 chapters: 1) thermonuclear fusion and Tore-Supra tokamak; 2) hardware system around Tore-Supra, in this chapter the control system and the data acquisition and processing systems are presented; 3) functional analysis, this analysis defines the different needs concerning timing and pilot-controlling, a preliminary proposition of hardware equipment is made; 4) operating modes of FCI; 5) communication within the control system network; 6) communication with the supervisory system of the power stations; 7) management of data exchange with SMX generators; and 8) control of the rate of stationary waves during the injection of power into the plasma.

  1. Casino Capitalism and Its Legitimacy Impact on the Politico-administrative State in Macau Der Kasino-Kapitalismus in Macau und seine Bedeutung für die Legitimität des politisch-administrativen Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonny Lo

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Casino capitalism has its dialectical tendencies in Macau. On the one hand, it stimulates economic growth, provides employment, and strengthens the post-colonial state in Macau during the period of economic boom. On the other hand, casino capitalism can widen the income gap between the rich and the poor, generate addictive gambling, and de-legitimize the post-colonial state in Macau during the global and regional economic downturn. The weaknesses of the politico-administrative state in Macau, including the absence of institutional checks and balances, the frail civil society and the relatively docile mass media, have magnified the negative impacts of casino capitalism on Macau. In response to the negative ramifications, the Macau government has taken measures to be more interventionist, to enhance social welfare, and to prepare contingency plans that would tackle the sudden bankruptcy of any casinos. The central government in Beijing also displays contradictory considerations when it deals with Macau’s casino development, supporting the casino industry while simultaneously encouraging the Macau government to diversify its economy. Overall, casino capitalism not only has contradictory impacts on the Macau city-state but also reveals the inherent contradictions of Beijing’s policy toward the territory’s over-dependence on the casino economy. Der Kasino-Kapitalismus ruft in Macao widersprüchliche TEndenzen hervor: Einerseits stimuliert er das wirtschaftliche Wachstum und stärkt den post-kolonialen Staat in wirtschaftlichen Boomphasen, andererseits kann er aber auch dazu beitragen, dass sich die Einkommensunterschiede zwischen ärmeren und wohlhabenderen Schichten verstärken und damit in Krisenphasen zur Deligitimierung des postkolonialen Staates beitragen.

  2. Radioimmunoassay of serum myoglobin and its signifance for diagnosis and therapy of musculoskeletal diseases. Der radioimmunologische Myoglobinnachweis im Serum und seine Bedeutung bei der Diagnostik und Therapie von Skelettmuskelerkrankungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiessling, W.R.

    1982-01-01

    A commercial test kit for radioimmunologic proof of myoglobin in serum was tested with regard to its specificty, sensitivity, precision, reproducibility, recovery and use in the diagnosis and therapy of musculoskeletal diseases. In the serum of 164 healthy control persons (age: 2-79 years) the individual myoglobin concentrations ranged from 4 to 60 ng/ml. Among 300 patients with muscular diseases extreme myoglobinaemia in acute rhabdomyolysis, polymyositis and dermatomyositis and different progressive muscular dystrophies could be detected. Slightly increased myoglobin concentrations could be proved in a number of patient with amyotrophic lateral sklerosis, neural muscular atrophy and in all cases of spinal muscular atrophy of the Kugelberg-Welander type. Confirmed DMD patients exhibited in about 80% of the cases hypermyoglobinaemia, and about 11% of 43 possible DMD patients showed an increase in myoglobin. Taking acute rhabdomyolysis and myositis as an example, it was found that myoglobin correlates well with the clinical course of these diseases and permits safe inferences as to the efficiency of the therapy chosen.

  3. Kes peab posti- või Interneti-müügi lepingust taganemisel kandma esialgsed postikulud? : Euroopa Kohtu otsus asjas Handelsgesellschaft Heinrich Heine GmbH vs. Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V. / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtu lahendist, mille kohaselt on Euroopa Liidu kaugmüügidirektiiviga vastuolus müügilepingu klauslid, mille järgi lepingust taganemise korral esialgseid postikulusid tellijatele ei tagastata

  4. Neo-adjuvant radiotherapy focused by Cyberknife in the breast cancer: phase one test of Cyberneo dose escalation; Radiotherapie neoadjuvante focalisee par Cyberknife dans le cancer du sein: essai de phase I d'escalade de dose Cyberneo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bondiau, P.Y.; Courdi, A.; Lallemand, M.; Peyrote, I.; Chapellier, C.; Ferrero, J.M

    2007-11-15

    The principal evaluation criterion is the maximum tolerated dose ( limiting dose if toxicity {>=} grade 3, recommended if toxicity {<=} 2). The deep cutaneous toxicity is evaluated by two independent observers by colorimetry, macro photographs and video capillaroscopy. The secondary evaluation criteria are the easiness of surgery, the therapeutical effect evaluated on the surgery piece (Sataloff classification) and the measurement of the quality of life. (N.C.)

  5. Auf den Spuren des verschollenen Polarforschers Baron Eduard Toll und seines Freundes Hermann Walter auf der Kotelny-Insel / Erki Tammiksaar, Roland Walter, Hans-Otto von Walter... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammiksaar, Erki, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Baltisakslaste koostööst kuulsa vene polaaruurija Dmitri Šparoga seoses baltisaksa polaaruurija Hermann Walteri säilmete ringimatmisega Kotelnõi saarel. Hermann Walter osales Eduard von Tolli Sannikovi maa otsimise ekspeditsioonis. Hermann Walteri põhjalik iseloomustus

  6. Etude rétrospective et descriptive des solutés massifs au sein du C.H.0 de Tlemcen Durant les années : 2008, 2009 et 2010

    OpenAIRE

    NEGADI, Sihem; RAHMANI, Fatima Zohra; ROUANE, Fatima Zohra; SADOK, Soumya; SEBiH, Mohammed Zaka ria.

    2012-01-01

    Durant cette humble étude, plusieurs constatations ont été révélées *Les cristalloïdes prennent une place prépondérante en milieu hospitalier et la diversité des classes; Ainsi, le sérum salé 9%o est le chef de fil avec une stabilité des pourcentages de consommation d'une année à une autre et le service de néphrologie est le premier utilisateur surtout en été. Les solutés hypotoniques sont beaucoup moins utilisés que ceux isotoniques; ceci est expliqué par leur moindre effic...

  7. Tarbijalepingute kohtualluvuse probleemid Brüsseli I määruses: milliste ohtudega peavad arvestama oma kaupu või teenuseid piiriüleselt pakkuvad ettevõtjad? / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2014-01-01

    Millal võib ühes liikmesriigis elav tarbija, kes on ostnud kauba või saanud teenuse teises liikmesriigis asuvalt ettevõtjalt, esitada ettevõtja vastu hagi oma elukohariigi kohtusse. Euroopa Kohtu lahenditest kohtuasjades Alpenhof, Mühlleitner ja Emrek

  8. Kant’s Critique of Political Eudaimonism in Über den Gemeinspruch das mag in der Theorie richtig sein, aber taugt nicht für die Praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiorella Tomassini

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Kant’s position on the link between law and the natural impulse toward happiness is examined. If the State is established to satisfy particular ends, the result is a justification of despotism and popular rebellion. Two hypotheses are given: a the principle of happiness should be replaced by the idea of a general legislative will as the only normative-evaluative criterion for the legitimacy of political obligation; and b this juridic principle a priori requires the sovereign and the people to adopt the perspective of general will to judge the prevailing political power.

  9. Walther Gerlach (1889-1979) and his way to the successful experimental physicist until around 1925; Walther Gerlach (1889-1979) und sein Weg zum erfolgreichen Experimentalphysiker bis etwa 1925

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huber, Josef Georg

    2014-12-15

    Walther Gerlach (1889-1979) was born in Wiesbaden-Biebrich and studied physics at the Eberhard-Karls-Universitaet in Tuebingen, where he did his doctorate in February 1912. In this work, there is no room for a complete biography either as it would exceed the scope of this thesis. It is restricted to the first part of his life, which is treated in detail. The aim of this thesis is to understand Walther Gerlach's development into a successful physicist, to find out what influenced him and to identify his achievements during this period until 1925. To gain a greater insight into his personal development the circumstances in his family as well as the conditions regarding his education in school and university will be investigated. His way of dealing with friends and colleagues is analyzed and his approaches to physical problems discussed. The personality of the physicist Gerlach rather emerges from the sum of details observed and examples quoted. However, some events in his life can be named, which show that his achievements did not happen by chance but are connected to his career. This thesis ends more or less with the beginning of the year 1925, when Gerlach accepted the chair for physics in Tuebingen.

  10. La lutte contre la corruption au sein de l’espace de liberté, de sécurité et de justice au moyen du droit pénal

    OpenAIRE

    Zanin , Hadrien

    2016-01-01

    Since the mid 1990s, more than ten international instruments aimed at fighting foreign bribery have been adopted. Globally, the increased trade has necessitated the establishment of an interstate cooperation likely to respond to the growth of cross-border crime. Furthermore, the harmonization of legislation, through binding international commitments, was the only way to reduce distortions of competition. A turnaround has thus been made: the implicit authorization, or sometimes even the promot...

  11. Roof returns. Software for production estimates need not be expensive, but the user must study them; Was das Dach bringt. Programme zur Ertragsprognose muessen nicht teuer sein - nur einarbeiten muss man sich

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Podewils, Christoph

    2010-05-15

    Anyone interested in installing a solar power plant will sooner or later be interested in production estimates. With the aid of the internet, those who do not believe the manufacturer's data can make their own production estimates. There are online tools for a rough estimate but also professional programs for in-depth analysis. Some of them are even free of charge. (orig.)

  12. Assessment, modelization and analysis of {sup 106} Ru experimental transfers through a freshwater trophic system; Evaluation, modelisation et analyse des transferts experimentaux du {sup 106}Ru au sein d`un reseau trophique d`eau douce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vray, F

    1994-11-24

    Experiments are carried out in order to study {sup 106} RU transfers through a freshwater ecosystem including 2 abiotic compartments (water and sediment) and 3 trophic levels (10 species). Experimental results are expressed mathematically so as they can be included into a global model which is then tested in two different situations. The comparison of the available data concerning the in situ measured concentrations to the corresponding calculated ones validates the whole procedure. Analysis of the so validated results lightens ruthenium distribution process in the environment. The rare detection of this radionuclide in organisms living in areas contaminated by known meaningful releases can be explained by a relativity high detection limit and by a slight role of the sediment as a secondary contamination source. (author). 78 figs., 18 tabs.

  13. The future of breast cancer radiotherapy: From one size fits all to taylor-made treatment; L'avenir de la radiotherapie du cancer du sein: de la taille unique au sur-mesure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hennequin, C. [Service de cancerologie-radiotherapie, hopital Saint-Louis, 1, avenue Claude-Vellefaux, 75475 Paris (France); Azria, D. [Departement de cancerologie radiotherapie, CRLC Val-d' Aurelle-Paul-Lamarque, rue Croix-Verte, 34298 Montpellier cedex 5 (France); Universite de Montpellier I, 5, boulevard Henri-IV, CS 19044, 34967 Montpellier cedex 2 (France); Inserm U896, institut de recherche en cancerologie de Montpellier, CRLC Val-d' Aurelle-Paul-Lamarque, rue Croix-Verte, 34298 Montpellier cedex 5 (France)

    2011-10-15

    Various subgroups of breast tumours have been identified during the last 10 years according to the risk of local relapse. Prognostic factors for local relapse are age, surgical margins, tumour size, Her2 expression and hormonal receptors status. For tumours with a high risk of local relapse, an increased in boost dose or the addition of new drugs (trastuzumab, anti-angiogenics, PARP inhibitors) could be considered. For low risk tumours, hypo-fractionated, accelerated partial breast and intraoperative radiotherapy are being evaluated. The classical schedule (45-50 Gy to the whole gland followed by a boost dose of 16 Gy) is no longer the universal rule. Treatment individualization, according to clinical and biological characteristics of the tumour and - possibly - to the radiobiological profile of the patient, is likely to be the future of breast cancer radiotherapy. (authors)

  14. Appi - tarbijast võlgnik kolis välismaale! : kommentaar Riigikohtu lahenditele asjades 3-2-1-114-12 ja 3-2-1-123-12 / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2013-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendist 3-2-1-114-12, milles vaieldi füüsilisest isikust võlgniku pankroti väljakuulutamise kohtualluvuse üle. Lahendist 3-2-1-123-12, milles vaieldi, kas ja millistel tingimustel on Eesti kohus pädev läbi vaatama hagi Eestist lahkunud tarbijast krediidisaaja vastu

  15. Assessment of safety culture within the radiotherapy department of the Bordeaux University Hospital Centre; Evaluation de la culture de securite au sein du service de radiotherapie du centre hospitalier universitaire de Bordeaux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leysalle, A.; Vendrely, V.; Sarrade, C.; Boutolleau, J.B.; Vitry, E.; Trouette, R.; Maire, J.P. [Hopital Saint-Andre, 33 - Bordeaux (France)

    2010-10-15

    The assessment of the safety culture within a radiotherapy department has been performed by using a Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). It assesses the safety environment, the team cooperation quality, the satisfaction related to professional activity, the approval of management actions, the perception of the work environment quality and of logistic support, and the acknowledgment of the influence of stress on performance. The survey has been performed before and after the support intervention of a hospital audit and expertise mission in relationship with the National cancer Institute (Inca). The comparison of results before and after this support intervention shows a general score improvement for the SAQ. Short communication

  16. The crisis bears the chance. The nuclear conflict with Iran and the impact on the nuclear non-proliferation regime; In der Krise liegt die Chance. Der Atomkonflikt mit Iran und seine Auswirkungen auf das nukleare Nichtverbreitungsregime

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meier, Oliver

    2014-10-15

    The contribution on the nuclear conflict with Iran and the impact on the nuclear non-proliferation regime covers the following topics: Iran and the verification of non-nuclear -weapon states, the system of nuclear safeguards, the application of new verification instruments, verification of possible military research and development activities, the limitation of proliferation relevant activities, delivery guarantees as mean for non-proliferation, Iran and the handling of contract violations, graded reactions, political issues, problems of harmonization, capacity and process deficiencies, before the ninth non-proliferation verification conference, approaches for strengthening the non-proliferation regime, recommendation to the German politics.

  17. "Weil Man da Uber Seine Probleme Reden Kann . . ." Partielle Geschlechtertrennung aus der Sicht der Schulerinnen und Schuler ("Because There, You can Talk about Your Problems . . ." Partial Separation by Gender from the Perspective of Male and Female Students).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biskup, Claudia; Pfister, Gertrud; Robke, Cathrin

    1998-01-01

    Examines the results of interviews with elementary school children that gauged the attitudes towards and reasons for a partial separation by gender. Proposes an occassional separation of girls and boys for special pedogogical intervention. Discusses the findings. (CMK)

  18. Macro-scale turbulence modelling for flows in porous media; Modelisation a l'echelle macroscopique d'un ecoulement turbulent au sein d'un milieu poreux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinson, F

    2006-03-15

    - This work deals with the macroscopic modeling of turbulence in porous media. It concerns heat exchangers, nuclear reactors as well as urban flows, etc. The objective of this study is to describe in an homogenized way, by the mean of a spatial average operator, turbulent flows in a solid matrix. In addition to this first operator, the use of a statistical average operator permits to handle the pseudo-aleatory character of turbulence. The successive application of both operators allows us to derive the balance equations of the kind of flows under study. Two major issues are then highlighted, the modeling of dispersion induced by the solid matrix and the turbulence modeling at a macroscopic scale (Reynolds tensor and turbulent dispersion). To this aim, we lean on the local modeling of turbulence and more precisely on the k - {epsilon} RANS models. The methodology of dispersion study, derived thanks to the volume averaging theory, is extended to turbulent flows. Its application includes the simulation, at a microscopic scale, of turbulent flows within a representative elementary volume of the porous media. Applied to channel flows, this analysis shows that even within the turbulent regime, dispersion remains one of the dominating phenomena within the macro-scale modeling framework. A two-scale analysis of the flow allows us to understand the dominating role of the drag force in the kinetic energy transfers between scales. Transfers between the mean part and the turbulent part of the flow are formally derived. This description significantly improves our understanding of the issue of macroscopic modeling of turbulence and leads us to define the sub-filter production and the wake dissipation. A f - <{epsilon}>f - <{epsilon}{sub w}>f model is derived. It is based on three balance equations for the turbulent kinetic energy, the viscous dissipation and the wake dissipation. Furthermore, a dynamical predictor for the friction coefficient is proposed. This model is then successfully applied to the study of turbulent channel flows. (author)

  19. Pilot study of an 'integrated boost' with fractionation into four weekly sessions in breast radiotherapy; etude pilote de 'boost integre' avec fractionnement en quatre seances hebdomadaires dans la radiotherapie du sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gabelle-Flandin, I.; Beneyton, V.; Dusserre, A.; Sihanath, R.; Villele, C. de; Henry, I.; Vassal, S.; Tessier, A.; Giraud, J.Y. [CHU de Grenoble, Grenoble (France); Balosso, J. [Universite Joseph-Fourier, Grenoble (France)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report a pilot study which aimed at demonstrating the feasibility of an 'integrated boost' technique within a treatment comprising four sessions a week, in order to increase machine availability. The reduction of the number of sessions resulted in 20 to 30 per cent increase of machine availability. The technique does not increase acute toxicity. Late toxicity is still to be assessed. Short communication

  20. Prospective and comparative assessment of toxicity of adjuvant concomitant chemo-radiotherapy after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer; evaluation prospective et comparative de la toxicite de la chimioradiotherapie concomitante adjuvante apres chimiotherapie neoadjuvante dans le cancer du sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marchand, V.; Angelergues, A.; Gobaux, V.; Kirova, Y.M.; Campana, F.; Dendale, R.; Reyal, F.; Pierga, J.Y.; Fourquet, A.; Bollet, M.A. [Institut Curie, Paris (France)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report a prospective assessment of toxicity a treatment comprising an adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and a comparison with a treatment comprising only radiotherapy. Two sets of patients have been treated for a breast cancer between 1997 and 2002 by association of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy with or without concomitant chemotherapy. Late toxicity has been assessed prospectively according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. Acute toxicity has been noticed in medical files. The analysis of 142 treatments reveals that the concomitant administration of chemotherapy to radiotherapy after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and surgery is associated with an increase of acute toxicity without increase of long term toxicity. Short communication

  1. Risk Analysis of Flare Flame-out Condition in a Gas Process Facility Analyse des risques des conditions d’extinction de torche au sein d’une installation de traitement de gaz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zadakbar O.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Flaring is a common method of disposal of flammable waste gases in the downstream industries. Flare flame out (flame lift-off or blow-outs often occurs causing toxic vapors to discharge. The toxic gases released may have hazardous effects on the surrounding environment. To study the effect of inhalation exposure of these toxic gases on human health, the four steps of the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency framework with the field data to quantify the cancer and non-cancer health risks are integrated in this paper. As a part of exposure assessment, gas dispersion modeling using AERMOD and UDM-PHAST is applied in two different conditions of normal flaring and flare flame out during a particular climate condition in Khangiran region. Recommendations to avoid flare flame out conditions are also presented here. Le torchage est un procédé courant d’élimination des gaz résiduaires inflammables dans les industries de traitement. L’extinction de la torche (par décollage ou soufflage de flamme provoque souvent une émission de vapeurs toxiques. Ces gaz toxiques libérés peuvent présenter des effets dangereux sur le milieu environnant. Pour étudier l’effet d’une exposition par inhalation de ces gaz toxiques sur la santé, cet article croise les quatre étapes de la démarche de l’EPA (Environmental Protection Agency, Agence de protection de l’environnement avec les données d’exploitation afin de quantifier le risque sanitaire cancérologique et non cancérologique. Dans le cadre de l’estimation d’exposition, une modélisation de dispersion des gaz utilisant AERMOD et UDM-PHAST est évaluée dans deux configurations différentes de torchage normal et d’extinction de torche à l’occasion de conditions climatiques particulières dans la région du Khangiran. L’article propose également des recommandations destinées à éviter les conditions d’une extinction de flamme de torche.

  2. Pffffff... The German energy turnaround so far focused on photovoltaic conversion, but this may soon be over; Pffffff... Die Energiewende bestand bisher vor allem aus dem Zubau der Photovoltaik. Das duerfte vorbei sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Podewils, Christoph

    2012-04-15

    The German government is cutting funds for photovoltaic conversion. Fewer new photovoltaic plants are to be constructed, and reimbursement rates will be lower. At the same time, higher demands are made especially on operators of small and medium-sized systems. Defendants were able to prevent the worst in the newly amended Renewables Act, but only just.

  3. The energy turnaround is in progress. The EEWaermeG (Erneuerbare-Energien-Waermegesetz, Act on Power Generation from Renewable Energy Sources) and its consequences; Die Energiewende ist eingelaeutet. Das Erneuerbare-Energien-Waermegesetz (EEWaermeG) und seine Folgen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mardo, Dietrich

    2009-06-29

    The Erneuerbare-Energien-Waermegesetz (EEG) is the first legislation ever that dictates the use of renewable energy sources for new buildings. By 2020, the share of renewables in end use energy consumption is to amount to 14 %. The new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and has initiated all kinds of prognoses. It appears that a world-wide energy revolution may have begun. This is the first of a series of articles in ISOLIERTECHNIK on all relevant renewable energy sources. (orig.)

  4. La crítica de Kant al eudemonismo político en Über den Gemeinspruch das mag in der Theorie richtig sein, aber taugt nicht für die Praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiorella Tomassini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se examina la posición de Kant con respecto a la vinculación del derecho con el im - pulso natural a la felicidad: si Estado se establece para satisfacer fines particulares, se termina justificando el despotismo y la rebelión popular. Se plantean dos hipótesis: a el principio de la felicidad se debe reemplazar por la idea de una voluntad general legisladora como único criterio normativo-evaluativo de la legitimidad de la obliga - ción política; b este principio jurídico a priori obliga al soberano y también al pueblo a adoptar la perspectiva de la voluntad general para juzgar el poder político vigente.

  5. Influence of the main components of an electric-powered vehicle on its E/E architecture; Einfluss der Hauptkomponenten eines elektrischen Fahrzeugs auf seine E/E Architektur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wagemann, Rolf; Holzmann, Frederic; Hack, Christine; Wagner, Gunnar [Intedis GmbH und Co.KG, Wuerzburg (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    The diminution of energy resources and the increase of CO{sub 2} emissions are high motivation for the willingness for developing electric vehicles. That is why we can see currently a huge range of vehicle concepts starting from different hybrids up to full electric vehicles with different performances. Electric driveline is already established in production and railway transportation but did not play a huge role in the vehicle transportation until today. Thus a significant jump transfer from energy technology to the world of vehicles has to done and to comply with the typical safety and reliability requirements of that domain. Beside the possibility to reach the zero emission targets, the new vehicle platform provides new innovation spectrum for vehicle construction. The E/E architecture is the core part of the vehicle platform by bringing together the new components and functions. Hereby the architecture has to provide a safe and convenient integration platform to the new technologies. A developing process, established at Intedis, starting with the definition fo safety and reliability requirements in parallel to general behavior and simulation of virtual proto-types ensures to achieve goal. (orig.)

  6. Sentinel-lymph node procedure in breast, uterine cervix, prostate, vulva and penile cancers: Practical methodology; La pratique de la technique du ganglion sentinelle dans diverses indications: sein, col uterin, prostate, vulve et verge. Methodologie pratique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brenot-Rossi, I. [Centre de Lutte Contre le Cancer, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, 13 - Marseille (France)

    2008-08-15

    The nodal status is the strongest prognostic factor in early stage cancers. The sentinel-lymph node (S.L.N.) is defined as the first draining lymph node of an organ; the lymph node status is determined by the histological results of S.L.N.. The lymphadenectomy, with high morbidity, is realised only in case of metastatic S.L.N.. The S.L.N. identification, in most of cases, is performed using the combination of blue dye and radiocolloid {sup 99m}Tc injections. The purpose of this article is to give some practical details about the S.L.N. isotopic procedure in breast cancer, vulva and penile cancer, uterine cervix and prostate cancer. (author)

  7. The cost of the nuclear energy-turnaround. An early nuclear phase-out and its consequences; Die Kosten der Energiewende. Ein zeitiger Ausstieg aus der Nuklearenergie und seine Folgen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baran, Metin

    2013-10-01

    The booklet on the consequences of an early nuclear phase-out includes a description of the value creation strategy in the electricity market and the basic relations of the electricity price formation and a survey and evaluation of selected studies. The analysis was performed for the following studies: Energy policy scenarios for a nuclear phase-out in Germany; Economic consequences of a nuclear phase-out in Germany; Transformation of the electricity production systems with a forced nuclear phase-out - a contribution on sustainable energy systems following the reactor accident of Fukushima; Cost of a nuclear phase-out until 2022 in Germany and Bavaria.

  8. Collisions entre véhicules et animaux en liberté : état des lieux à partir d'une enquête au sein de la police

    OpenAIRE

    Lehaire, François; Morelle, Kevin; Lejeune, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Les accidents de la route impliquant des animaux sauvages sont de plus en plus nombreux. En se basant sur les données recueillies par les zones de police en Wallonie, il est possible d’avoir une vision plus claire de la problématique. Dans le cas du cerf et du sanglier, il apparaît clairement que la hausse des accidents est liée à l’augmentation de leurs populations.

  9. Präferenzen, Wohlergehen und Rationalität – Zu den begrifflichen Grundlagen des libertären Paternalismus und ihren Konsequenzen für seine Legitimierbarkeit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klonschinski Andrea

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Der libertäre Paternalismus (LP genießt in Politik, Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit eine große Popularität, die er insbesondere zwei Merkmalen verdankt: Erstens stützt sich der LP auf verhaltensökonomische Ergebnisse, die zeigen, dass individuelle Entscheidungen oft nicht der neoklassischen Rationalitätskonzeption entsprechen, sodass Individuen durch sogenanntes Nudging zu besseren, ihren wahren Präferenzen entsprechenden Entscheidungen verholfen werden könne. Zweites ist damit der Anspruch verbunden, das Wohlergehen der Individuen, wie sie selbst es verstehen, zu erhöhen. Dieser Beitrag zeigt anhand einer dogmengeschichtlichen Analyse der zentralen, dem LP zugrunde liegenden Begriffe Präferenz, Nutzen, Rationalität und Wohlergehen, dass der LP diesen Anspruch nicht einlösen kann. Eine detaillierte begriffliche Analyse ist deshalb geboten, weil diese Konzepte in der Ökonomik immer wieder für Missverständnisse sorgen. Eine theoriegeschichtlich informierte Untersuchung wiederum ist notwendig, da diese Konfusion insbesondere auf der Tatsache beruht, dass der Gehalt dieser Begriffe sich im Laufe der Zeit gravierend verändert hat und sich die verschiedenen Bedeutungen heute z. T. wechselseitig überlagern.

  10. Leben heisst ein Kämpfer sein : zum Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit am Beispiel der modernen Eisenhüttenkunde and der Technischen Hochschule Aachen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krebs, S.

    2007-01-01

    To Live is to be Fighter - On the Relatioship of Science and Public Illustrated by the Example of Modern Ferrous Metallurgy at the Technical University Aachen. - The contribution pursues the question of how Fritz Wüst, professor of ferrous metallurgy at the Technische Hochschule Aachen (1901-1921),

  11. We let the electricity giants shrink. Anti-nuclear activists can be successful even against the largest companies; Wir lassen die Stromriesen schrumpfen. AtomkraftgegnerInnen koennen sogar gegen die groessten Konzerne erfolgreich sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-12-15

    In the newsletter the authors discuss the issues economic situation of the large electricity companies in Germany, the governmental energy policy, the ongoing financial support by the government, and the possibility to shutdown all German nuclear power plants without electricity shortcomings.

  12. A model for the description of the coolant mixing and its application to the analysis of boron dilution transients in pressurized water reactors; Ein Modell zur Beschreibung der Kuehlmittelvermischung und seine Anwendung auf die Analyse von Borverduennungstransienten in Druckwasserreaktoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kliem, Soeren

    2010-08-15

    A model for the realistic description of the coolant mixing inside the pressure vessel of a pressurized water reactors has been developed and validated. This fast running model is based on the linear superposition of response functions on Dirac-pulse-like perturbations of the coolant parameters. It has been implemented into the coupled code system DYN3D/ATHLET nad serves as the interface between the one-dimensional thermal hydraulic system code ATHLETE and the 3D neutron kinetic core model DYN3D. By help of this model, the coolant mixing inside the reactor pressure vessel can e simulated in an efficient manner. A methodology for this analysis of hypothetical boron dilution accidents has been developed, which is based on the newly developed model for the coolant mixing. This methodology consists of a combination of stationary and transient calculations including a realistic treatment of the mixing of deborated slugs on the way towards the reactor core. The degree of conservatism can be adjusted by the variation of the initial size of the deborated slug. This new method was applied to two different boron dilution accidents. Besides the start of the first main coolant pump with a deborated slug of coolant in the cold leg of the primary circuit, a deboration event during the operation of the residual heat removal system was investigated. The results of the parameter study for a reactor core with a generic loading pattern demonstrated in both cases, that although the shut-down reactor becomes re-critical safety relevant cladding temperature limits are not reached, even if maximum possible volumes of the deborated slug are considered. The main reason for these results is the use of realistic time-dependent distributions of the boron concentration at the inlet of each fuel assembly.

  13. Fluchen und Flamen, um ein Mann zu sein? Die Verknüpfung von Geschlecht und Sprache durch Vorurteile The Manliness of Swearing and Flaming-On The Role of Stereoptypes in Research on Gender and Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Döring

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Die hier besprochene Monographie der Linguistin Anja Gottburgsen beschäftigt sich theoretisch und empirisch mit sprachbezogenen Geschlechterstereotypen, also mit unseren Vorstellungen darüber, ob und wie Männer und Frauen jeweils in spezifischer und distinkter Weise sprachlich kommunizieren. Im Theorieteil der Arbeit wird der aktuelle Stand der soziolinguistischen und sozialpsychologischen Diskussion zu Geschlecht, Sprachverhalten und Stereotypisierung kritisch referiert und die Bedeutung von sprachbezogenen Geschlechterstereotypen erläutert. Im empirischen Teil berichtet die Autorin die Ergebnisse von drei Fragebogen-Studien mit deutschsprachigen Studierenden. Es zeigt sich, dass bei Studierenden unabhängig von Geschlecht und Geschlechtsrollenorientierung stereotype Vorstellungen über das sprachliche Verhalten von Männern und Frauen verbreitet sind.Linguist Gottburgsen presents both a theoretical and empirical analysis of speech-related gender stereotypes -of common ideas about “male” and “female” ways of speaking. Gottburgsen takes a critical look at current socio-linguistic and social-psychological literature on gender, language behaviour and stereotyping and explains the meaningof language-related gender stereotypes. She furthermore presents the results of three survey studies of German-speaking university students. According to these studies, university students, regardless of sex and of their ideas about gender roles, continue to have quite stereotypical views on “gender-appropriate” language behaviour.

  14. Virtual reality devices integration in scientific visualization software in the VtkVRPN framework; Integration de peripheriques de realite virtuelle dans des applications de visualisation scientifique au sein de la plate-forme VtkVRPN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Journe, G.; Guilbaud, C

    2005-07-01

    A high-quality scientific visualization software relies on ergonomic navigation and exploration. Those are essential to be able to perform an efficient data analysis. To help solving this issue, management of virtual reality devices has been developed inside the CEA 'VtkVRPN' framework. This framework is based on VTK, a 3D graphical library, and VRPN, a virtual reality devices management library. This document describes the developments done during a post-graduate training course. (authors)

  15. Developpement d'un modele analytique pour l'analyse en elasticite lineaire de champs de deformation et contrainte au sein d'un polycristal. comparaison avec la methode des elements finis =

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bretin, Remy

    L'endommagement par fatigue des materiaux est un probleme courant dans de nombreux domaines, dont celui de l'aeronautique. Afin de prevenir la rupture par fatigue des materiaux il est necessaire de determiner leur duree de vie en fatigue. Malheureusement, dues aux nombreuses heterogeneites presentes, la duree de vie en fatigue peut fortement varier entre deux pieces identiques faites dans le meme materiau ayant subi les memes traitements. Il est donc necessaire de considerer ces heterogeneites dans nos modeles afin d'avoir une meilleure estimation de la duree de vie des materiaux. Comme premiere etape vers une meilleure consideration des heterogeneites dans nos modeles, une etude en elasticite lineaire de l'influence des orientations cristallographiques sur les champs de deformations et de contraintes dans un polycristal a ete realisee a l'aide de la methode des elements finis. Des correlations ont pu etre etablies a partir des resultats obtenus, et un modele analytique en elasticite lineaire prenant en compte les distributions d'orientations cristallographiques et les effets de voisinage a pu etre developpe. Ce modele repose sur les bases des modeles d'homogeneisation classique, comme le schema auto-coherent, et reprend aussi les principes de voisinage des automates cellulaires. En prenant pour reference les resultats des analyses elements finis, le modele analytique ici developpe a montre avoir une precision deux fois plus grande que le modele auto-coherent, quel que soit le materiau etudie.

  16. Utilisation de la PCR-RFLP sur de l'ADN chloro-plastique pour l'étude des relations phylogénétiques au sein du genre Phaseolus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baudoin JP.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Phylogenetic relationships among 74 accessions belonging to six species of Phaseolus are investigated using variation in chloroplast DNA assessed according to a PCR-RFLP protocol. Three fragments of chloroplast DNA are amplified using universal primers, and then digested with 10 restriction enzymes. Thirty-six haplotypes are identified on the basis of the polymorphism in fragment number and size. Three main phylogenetic groups, strongly supported through bootstrap analysis, are identified: (1 accessions from Phaseolus lunatus and Phaseolus xolocotzii; (2 accessions from Phaseolus glabellus; (3 accessions from Phaseolus vulgaris, Phaseolus polyanthus and Phaseolus coccineus. Within the third group, accessions of Phaseolus coccineus are scattered along the phylogenetic tree, which provides some evidence that coccineus accessions are paraphyletic with respect to Phaseolus vulgaris and Phaseolus polyanthus. An analysis of molecular variance applied on four species show that they are significantly differentiated with 79% of molecular variance among species and 21% within species. The results agree with previous investigations on chloroplast DNA variation in the genus Phaseolus, and suggest that PCRRFLP methods, which are technically less labour-intensive than previous methods, are of great value for phylogenetic investigations at the generic level.

  17. "Kann jemand, der diese Musik gehört hat, […] noch ein schlechter Mensch sein?" – om Wieslers forandring og kunstens påståtte rolle i denne prosessen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roswitha Skare

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The Life of Others (2006 has been a successful film, winning the Oscar for Best Foreign Feature in 2007. It is a film about surveillance, but also about  the lives of artists and writers in East Berlin in the middle of the 1980s, and about what role  literature and art played in the GDR and in the events of autumn 1989. The article focuses on the way the film portrays Wiesler’s transformation from hard-boiled Stasi officer into the guardian angel of his target, and shows how art – both literature and music – plays an important role in this process.

  18. Leping kinnisvaraarendaja ja kinnisasja omandaja vahel : kas müügileping või segatüüpi leping? Kommentaar Riigikohtu otsusele tsiviilasjas 3-2-1-98-09 / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendist 3-2-1-98-09: A & M Invest OÜ kassatsioonkaebus Tallinna Ringkonnakohtu 30.03.2009. a otsusele A & M Invest OÜ hagis K. Radiku ja M. Radiku vastu hüvitise 1 950 946,70 krooni väljamõistmiseks

  19. Praktische Festigkeitsberechnungen im Maschinenbau

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böge, Gert; Böge, Wolfgang

    Ziel aller Festigkeitsberechnungen ist die Ermittlung der vorhandenen Spannung und der Nachweis, dass ein konstruiertes Bauteil mit Sicherheit "hält". Seine geforderte oder erwartete Tragfähigkeit muss unter allen denkbaren Umständen gewährleistet sein, es darf z. B. auch bei Dauerbelastung in der vorgeschriebenen Lebensdauer nicht brechen oder seine Form bleibend so verändern, dass es seine Funktion nicht mehr ausreichend erfüllt.

  20. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    10 févr. 2015 ... Key words: Cancer du sein bilatéral synchrone, Facteurs de risque, histologie, traitement, Pronostic ... avaient six fois plus de risque de développer un cancer au niveau du sein controlatéral que les femmes âgées de plus de 40 ans. .... définition d´un cancer du sein bilatéral simultané, ce qui rend l'étude ...

  1. Etude du système de déclenchement électronique pour le projet HL-LHC et recherche de nouvelle physique dans le spectre de masse invariante top anti-top au sein de l'expérience CMS du LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Beaupère, Nicolas; Perriès, S

    This manuscript describes my thesis work within the CMS experiment of the LHC collider. It presents both subjects on which I worked: a detector subject and a data analysis subject. The first subject, detector, is situated within the framework of the HL-LHC project which plans an increase by a factor five the instantaneous luminosity. Such an increase and the preservation of the high level trigger (HLT) system, generate new constraints on the CMS detector. This is particularly true for the electronic trigger (L1) system. The CMS collaboration intends to implant this within tracker detector. the associative memorie method is proposed. However, associative memorie method require a clever preselection of electric signals to be usable. The cluster width method is proposed to preselecte electric signals. The optimization of this method, in particular geometrical parameters of modules and thresholds applied for the electric signals preselection, is the result of my own work. It is detailed throughout the part III of...

  2. Polymorphismes protéique et génomique au sein des morchellaceae : mise au point d'un outil moléculaire adapté à l'étude de l'écologie du genre morchella en milieu forestier

    OpenAIRE

    Wipf , Daniel

    1997-01-01

    Non disponible / Not available; Les morilles présentent une grande diversité de formes, difficiles à interpréter même pour les spécialistes. Ceci a engendré un grand nombre de classifications différentes. Par ailleurs, ces champignons présentent une grande variabilité de modes de vie, qui semblent fortement influencés par des facteurs micro-écologiques. Nous avons développé un outil moléculaire basé sur le polymorphisme de l'ADN ribosomal qui permet à la fois de clarifier la systématique ambi...

  3. Des données textuelles et planimétriques à l’analyse des dynamiques paysagères et foncières. Le cas de Blandy-les-Tours (Seine-et-Marne) du XVIe au XIXe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Rossi, Albane

    2016-01-01

    Cette étude doctorale repose, en grande partie, sur la mise en parallèle de données textuelles et planimétriques, modernes et contemporaines, intégrées dans un système d’information géographique. Les documents concernés (un terrier-censier du XVIe siècle, un terrier associé à un plan du XVIIIe siècle, et le cadastre napoléonien de 1845), en inventoriant parcelles et tenanciers/propriétaires, ont en commun de présenter de nombreux renseignements sur la structuration de l’espace rural : la prop...

  4. Une activité politique féminine conservatrice avant le droit de suffrage en France et en Italie. Sociohistoire de la politisation des femmes catholiques au sein de la Ligue patriotique des Françaises (1902-1933 et de l’Unione fra le donne cattoliche d’Italia (1909-1919.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magali Della Sudda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche historique qui croise les apports des études de genre, de la science politique et de la sociologie religieuse met en lumière la façon singulière dont les militantes d’action féminine catholique sont venues à la politique en France et en Italie durant les premières décennies du XXe siècle. Deux associations catholiques féminines de masse ont fait l’objet de cette analyse comparée : la Ligue patriotique des Françaises active de 1902 à 1933 et l’Unione fra le donne cattoliche d’I...

  5. Autorongiga teises riigis põhjustatud liikluskahju: millise riigi õiguse järgi hinnatakse ühe kindlustusandja võimalikku tagasinõuet teise kindlustusandja vastu? Euroopa Kohtu otsus liidetud kohtuasjades C-359/14 ja C-475/14 / Karin Sein, Andru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2017-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtu kohtulahenditest nr. C-359/14 ja C-475/14. Veduki ja haagise omaniku tsiviilvastutusest Saksa õiguses. Kindlustusandjate tagasinõudeõigusest veduki ja haagise Eestis kindlustamise korral

  6. Forecast evaluation of the impact of the concomitant chemoradiotherapy after conservative breast treatment on the esthetic satisfaction: difference between physician and patient assessment; Evaluation prospective de l'impact de la chimioradiotherapie concomitante apres traitement conservateur du cancer du sein sur la satisfaction esthetique: difference entre l'appreciation du medecin et celle des patientes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toledano, A. [Hopital Tenon, APHP, 75 - Paris (France); Garaud, P.; Le Floch, O.; Calais, G. [Henry Kaplan, CHU, 37 - Tours (France); Bollet, M.; Fourquet, A. [Institut Curie, 75 Paris (France); Serin, D. [Institut Sainte-Catherine, 84 - Avignon (France); Miny-Buffete, J. [CHU Minjoz, 25 - Besancon (France); Favre, A. [CHR La Source, 45 - Orleans (France); Azria, D. [CRLC Val-d' Aurelle, 34 - Montpellier (France)

    2006-11-15

    After conservative surgery of mammary glands, the concomitant chemoradiotherapy leads a significant increase of delayed effects ( stage over or equal to 2). The esthetic result is also subjective. The patients satisfaction is superior to the physician's ones after conservative treatment of mammary glands and is not only determined by delayed toxicity. Several methods of evaluation allow to find an esthetic result more harmful after concomitant chemoradiotherapy. (N.C.)

  7. Ideologisch motivierte Bauaufgaben für die sozialistische Gesellschaft in der jungen Sowjetunion und ihre konzeptionellen Veränderungsprozesse : Der Geniekult und seine Architektur in der Sowjetunion: eine Analyse von Kolumbusdenkmälern für Santo Domingo im allgemeinen Spektrum Sowjetischer Denkmäler: Teil III

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schmidt, D.W.

    2007-01-01

    Architecture of the Soviet avant-garde is widely known in its basic ideas. Specialized research, however, concerning the development of certain building types is still a desideratum. So, monographic studies of the communal housing typology are unknown as well as those of memorial typology. The

  8. La chapelle de la résidence universitaire Jean-Zay à Antony (Hauts-de-Seine) par Eugène Beaudouin : matériau traditionnel de l’architecture religieuse et création contemporaine

    OpenAIRE

    Florence Margo-Schwoebel

    2009-01-01

    Après avoir mené à Antony la construction de la résidence universitaire Jean Zay en dix-huit mois (1954-1955), grâce à des procédés de construction industrialisés, Eugène Beaudouin compléta son projet d’une chapelle indépendante, réalisée selon des procédés traditionnels et consacrée en 1961. Dans cette chapelle Sainte-Croix, l’architecte renouait avec une certaine approche historiciste, sans pour autant rompre avec la création contemporaine. Son goût affirmé pour la prédominance du dessin s’...

  9. Re-irradiation after salvage mastectomy for local recurrence after a conservative treatment: a retrospective analysis of twenty patients (Nancy: 1988-2001); Re-irradiation parietale apres mastectomie de rattrapage pour recidive d'un cancer du sein apres traitement conservateur: etude retrospective sur 20 patientes (Nancy: 1988-2001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Racadot, S.; Marchal, C.; Charra-Brunaud, C.; Peiffert, D.; Bey, P. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, Service de Radiotherapie, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Verhaeghe, J.L. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, Service de Chirurgie, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    2003-12-01

    Purpose. - To retrospectively assess the efficacy of post-mastectomy re-irradiation for local relapse of breast cancer. Patients and methods. - Twenty patients, initially treated by conservative surgery and radiotherapy (50 Gy in 25 fractions over 5 weeks) were treated from 1998 to 2001 for a local relapse by salvage mastectomy and re-irradiation (either electron or photon beams). Mean age was 53 years (31-71). Reasons for re-irradiation were that the local relapses were inflammatory (4 pts), multifocal (5 pts), cutaneous (5 pts), involved the nipple (3 pts) or because the surgical margins (either muscle or skin) were involved (3 pts). The median dose of re-irradiation was 45 Gy (33-65) in 15 fractions over 33 days. Mean follow-up was 48 months (5-97). Results. - Fifteen patients remained free of a second local recurrence and 10 were still alive, without metastasis. Neither the dose of re-irradiation nor the irradiated surfaces were prognostic factors of local control (P = 0.877 and P = 0.424). Five patients developed radiation-induced pneumonitis without functional respiratory impairment. The incidence of pneumonitis seemed to be related to the biological dose of re-irradiation (P = 0.037). Other late complications occurred such as pigmentation changes (12 pts), telangiectasia (8 pts), chondritis (2 pts), parietal fibrosis (7 pts), rib fractures (4 pts), severe pain (11 pts) and lymphedema (2 pts). The increase in biological equivalent dose was highly statistically linked with the occurrence of disabling pain (P = 0.0123). Conclusion. - Parietal re-irradiation achieves good and lasting local control with an acceptable rate of acute complications but with a risk of disabling late sequelae such as severe pain. (author)

  10. Reduction of the greenhouse effect by geological mineral in-situ sequestration of CO{sub 2} in basic rocks: bibliographic synthesis and possibilities in France. Final report; Reduction de l'effet de serre par sequestration geologique minerale in-situ de CO{sub 2} au sein de roches basiques: synthese bibliographique et revue des potentialites en France. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marechal, J.C.; Lachassagne, P

    2004-07-01

    The report constitutes a first bibliographic study defining the environments the most adapted to the geological mineral in-situ sequestration of CO{sub 2}. For each environment the lithology and the rocks permeability and porosity are analyzed. Thus the possible rocks and deposits in France are presented. (A.L.B.)

  11. La circulation des déchets au sein de l’Union européenne. Etude des rapports entre le régime mis en place par le Titre II du Règlement n°1013/2006 et la circulation des marchandises.

    OpenAIRE

    Krack, Noémie

    2017-01-01

    La gestion des déchets n’a pas toujours été une priorité pour nos sociétés, et ce même si les Romains et les Grecs faisaient figure de précurseurs. Les découvertes scientifiques relatives aux épidémies de grandes ampleurs, telle la peste noire, démontrèrent l’importance d’un traitement correct des déchets. En effet, leur abandon et leur accumulation sont responsables de la prolifération de germes et microbes pathogènes. Or il faut savoir qu’à l’époque les cités occidentales étaient malsaines ...

  12. Is it always possible to respect dose constraints for target volumes and organs at risk within the frame of breast radiotherapy after conservative treatment?; Le respect des contraintes de dose aux volumes cibles et aux organes a risque est-il toujours possible dans le cadre d'une radiotherapie du sein apres traitement conservateur?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renoult, F.; Faivre, J.C.; Charra Brunaud, C.; Tournier-Rangeard, L.; Lostette, J.; Huger, S.; Marchesi, V.; Peiffert, D.; Marchal, C. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, 54 - Nancy (France); Xemard, S. [Centre hospitalier Jean-Monnet, 88 - Epinal (France)

    2010-10-15

    The use of three-dimensional breast radiotherapy after a conservative treatment allowed cardiotoxicity as well as the dose delivered to lungs to be significantly reduced. However several bibliographic references give different dose constraints. Based on the constraints given by the Oncological radiotherapy French Society (SFRO), the authors analysed whether these recommendations could be actually respected within a daily practice. Based on a sample of 91 patients, the authors collected the following data: mammary gland volumes receiving respectively 95 and 107% of the dose before the boost calculation, heart and pulmonary volumes receiving different dose levels. Coverage constraints are indicated. It appears that the present technique does not allow the constraints to be respected in a majority of cases. Short communication

  13. Substancinė Dievo formos kaita kaip meninė Visybės reprezentacija (pagal Thomo Manno romaną Juozapas ir jo broliai | Substanziales Werden der Form Gottes als künstleriche Repräsentation des Ganzen (nach der Tetralogie Joseph und seine Brüder von Thomas Mann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juldita Nagliuvienė

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Anhand der Polemik zwischen der Totalitätsphänomenologie von Emmanuel Lévinas und der Selbstphänomenologie von Ernst Bloch werden in diesem Artikel die Erscheinungen Gottes, mit denen sich das patriarchalische Subjekt in die Beziehung eingetreten ist, analysiert. Vor allem aktualisiert man den substanziellen Inhalt der künstlerichen Gottesform, deren Wurzeln in der primitiven archaischen Ikonographie der Babylonier und der Ägypter liegen. Das Bild Gottes verwandelt sich in der Situation der Begegnung aus der Substanz des unförmigen Steines, die pfallische Intentionen des Helden akzentuiert, in die symbiotische Form eines Menschentieres (oder Gottes-Tieres, das als Fremde Gott auf der Ebene der Erzählung funktioniert und den Numenaspekt durch die künstliche Form der animalischen Gottheit in sich trägt. Durch die Maske des Tieres strebt der göttliche Begegnungspartner, der das Werden Gottes aktualisiert, nach der Verwandlung in die Gestalt eines sterbenden und wieder auferstehenden Menschen-Gottes, der den sündigen Menschen erlösen kann. In der Tetralogie von Thomas Mann existiert diese Ebene des Nochnicht-gewordenen-Gottes als utopische Stufe der vollkommenen Beziehungen zwischen Mensch und Gott. Die Begegnung zwischen dem tierischen Gott und dem Helden geschieht im Roman in der Traumsphäre, die den Dialog zwischen dem Kunstding und dem Menschen möglich macht. Auf der Traumebene wird der Prozess der Metamorphose einer Gottheit dargestellt, aber sie erscheint als ein schon verwandeltes Wesen, das die Antropomorphie des Erlösungsprinzips aufnimmt, und dem Helden erst im bewussten Zustand begegnet.

  14. Hypothyroidism following cervical irradiation in the management of carcinoma of the nasopharynx and of the breast: a prospective study on eighty-four cases; Hypothyroidie apres irradiation cervicale dans le traitement des cancers du nasopharynx et du sein: etude prospective a propos de 84 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daoud, J.; Siala, W. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire-Habib Bourguiba, Service de Radiotherapie Carcinologique (Tunisia); Guermazi, F. [Service de Medicine Nucleaire de Sfax (Tunisia); Besbes, M. [Institut Salah-Azaiez de Tunis, Service de Radiotherapie Carcinologique (Tunisia); Frikha, M. [Service de Carcinologie Medicale de Sfax (Tunisia); Ghorbel, M.; Drira, M. [Service ORL de Sfax (Tunisia); Abid, M. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Hedi-CHAKER, Service d' endocrinologie du Sfax (Tunisia)

    2005-05-15

    Purpose. - 1/ To evaluate the incidence of hypothyroidism following radiotherapy in the management of breast and nasopharyngeal carcinomas, 2/ to define the role of a systematic post therapeutic screening. Patients and methods. - From January 1996 through March 2001 a systematic evaluation of the clinical and the biological thyroid function was performed on a cohort of 84 patients that received supraclavicular irradiation. Selected patients had either a mammary (37 cases) or a nasopharyngeal (47 cases) carcinoma. Initial work up included thyroid inspection and palpation, and biological tests: serum FT4 and TSH levels, radio-immuno-chemistry, completed by dynamic thyroid stimulation, using TRH, in case of border line low T4 or isolated high TSH levels. Tests were repeated every three months the first year, and then every six months. Replacement therapy with L Thyroxine was administered in case of hypothyroidism. Results. - All selected patients had a normal function initially. With a mean two years follow up (1-5 years), 24 patients (29%) experienced hypothyroidism, half of whom (13 cases) being purely biological. Five patients (11%), with a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, presented also with associated pituitary failure. Clinical symptoms were minor or mild in all cases. Hypothyroidism was detected at a mean 21 months follow up. In 2 patients, hypothyroidism disappeared spontaneously within 6 months. Possible predictive factors were evaluated: age of the time of radiation, gender, percentage of irradiated thyroid, total dose, dose per fraction, tumour type and chemotherapy. Only age appeared significantly correlated with thyroid dysfunction (range: 10-30 years, P = 0.002). Conclusion. - Hypothyroidism is a frequent and certainly underestimated complication following radiotherapy of the neck. In such patients, a systematic clinical and biological evaluation every three months the first year, and then every six months until five years is recommended. (authors)

  15. L'appel à l'art et la culture comme médiation pour une transformation des regards sur les personnes atteintes de maladie d'Alzheimer : étude psychodynamique des enjeux de rencontre entre malades et familles au sein de quatre EHPAD

    OpenAIRE

    Alemagna, Leslie

    2016-01-01

    Aging in our current society, in which death is constantly pushed backwards, places the elderly at risk of exclusion from the social sphere. "Aging young": here is the paradox we are facing every day. The way society views the elderly, especially those suffering from Alzheimer's disease, is pejorative, referring to dependence, decline and decay. Alzheimer's disease is often defined as “severing of connections” , often seen as an impediment to communication and relationships, especially with f...

  16. Detection of magnetic monopoles in the future neutrino telescope Antares and characterization of the photomultiplier pulse treatment; Etude de la detection de monopoles magnetiques au sein du futur telescope a neutrinos antares et caracterisation des performances du traitement des impulsions des photomultiplicateurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ricol, J.St

    2002-10-01

    Grand unified theories (GUT) involve phase transitions in the early universe, that could create topological defects, like magnetic monopoles. Monopoles main characteristics are shown and in particular energy losses and flux limits. High energy neutrino telescopes offer a new opportunity for magnetic monopole search. The study of the photomultiplier pulse treatment by the Antares detector front-end electronics indicates that this one is well adapted to the telescope needs. The pulses detailed analysis has allowed to obtain a time measurement precision lower than 0.6 ns and electronic noise and saturation have no relevant effect on the telescope performances. Relativistic monopoles generate a large amount of light, that leads to an effective area for the Antares detector of about 0.06 km{sup 2} for velocities {beta}{sub mon} = 0.6 and 0.35 km{sup 2} for velocities {beta}{sub mon} {approx} 1. Monopole track are well reconstructed and the velocity determination is made with an error lower than few percents, which represents a decisive result for the background rejection, caused by high energy muons with a velocity {beta}{sub {mu}} {approx} 1. The very dispersive light emission of monopoles below the Cherenkov limit, 0.6 {approx}< {beta}{sub mon} {<=} 0.74, via the delta-rays produced by ionisation, does not allow an accurate expecting signal and the bad reconstructed muons rejection must be improved. Above the Cherenkov limit, {beta}{sub mon} {>=} 0.8, bad reconstructed events can be rejected from the Cherenkov emission parametrisation. A magnetic monopole signal can then clearly be distinguished from background. (author)

  17. Study of protection devices against the effects of electric discharges inside a very high voltage generator: the Vivitron accelerator; Etude de dispositifs de protection contre les effets des decharges electriques au sein d`un generateur de tres haute tension: l`accelerateur Vivitron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nolot, E

    1996-10-31

    The Vivitron tandem is a large electrostatic accelerator comprising a Van de Graaff generator designed to reach terminal voltages of around 30 MV. The machine is limited at rather lower nominal voltages (about 20 MV) due to the sensitivity of the insulating column structure to transient overvoltages. These are induced by electrical discharges in compressed SF{sub 6}. This thesis first aims at analysing the fundamental reasons of electrical discharges in order to limit the probability of their occurrence. Then we simulate the transient overvoltages induced and present some improvements which may lead to a stable behaviour of the Vivitron at nominal voltages higher than 20 MV. Initially we deduce discharge onset voltages and actual breakdown field limitations in the different gap geometries from analysis of possible breakdown mechanisms in compressed SF{sub 6}. In a second part, some electrical characteristics of the insulating column structure are measured at high voltage. Fast rising oscillating waves induced by sparking in the Vivitron, along with the associated energies,are determined in the third part. The last part deals with new surge protections of the insulating column structure. Spark gaps with precise onset voltage and optimized shielding electrodes are discussed. ZnO-based varistors designed for operation at very high fields have also been developed in order to reduce transient overvoltage values. (author). 122 refs.

  18. Long term results of hypo-fractionated mammary radiotherapy as exclusive treatment of elderly patients suffering from a beast cancer; Resultats a long terme de la radiotherapie mammaire hypofractionnee comme traitement exclusif des patientes agees souffrant d'un cancer du sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chargari, C.; Kirova, Y.; Laki, F.; Savignoni, A.; Dorval, D.; Dendale, R.; Bollet, M.; Fourquet, A.; Campana, F. [Institut Curie, 75 - Paris (France)

    2010-10-15

    The author discuss the results obtained on 29 elderly patients exclusively treated between 1995 and 1999 by mammary irradiation (32.5 Gy) in 5 fractions over 5 weeks, and then with a lower additional irradiation (13 Gy) in two fractions. They discuss the efficiency of this hypo-fractionated radiotherapy without breast conserving surgery. Short communication

  19. La libre circulation des personnes au sein de l’espace de la C.E.M.A.C : entre mythes et réalités Free movement of people within the Central Africa Economic and Monetary Community : between myths and reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Loungou

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La question de la libre circulation des personnes est une des pierres d’achoppement entre les Etats membres de la Communauté Economique et Monétaire de l’Afrique Centrale (C.E.M.A.C. Cette mésentente est liée à une multitude de raisons, dont certaines participent de constructions imaginaires développées en particulier au Gabon et en Guinée équatoriale. Trois grands mythes sous-tendent le refus manifeste de ces deux Etats d’appliquer le principe communautaire de la libre circulation des personnes ; il s’agit des mythes de l’invasion démographique, de la spoliation économique et de la perversion sociale associée à la délinquance d’origine étrangère. Fortement ancrées dans les consciences nationales, ces représentations s’expriment à travers des politiques migratoires et des pratiques frontalières particulièrement discriminatoires à l’égard des ressortissants de la sous-région.The issue of free movement of people is one of the stumbling blocks between the Members of the Central Africa Economic and Monetary Community (C.A.E.M.C. This disagreement is related to many reasons, some of which are part of imaginary constructions developed especially in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. Three great myths are underlying the apparent reluctance of these two states to apply the principles of free movement of people: the myth of demographic invasion and the myths of economic and social perversion associated with the crime of foreign origin. Deeply rooted in the national consciousness, these representations are expressed through migration policies and border practices which are particularly discriminatory against nationals of the sub region.

  20. Biological data collected aboard the NOAA Ship NANCY FOSTER during cruise #NF0805, March 11th - March 24th, 2008. Biological data collected during larval collections in St. Thomas April 1- 8th, 2008. Gear used was light traps and beach seine.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Biological data collected from plankton collecting gear aboard the NOAA Ship NANCY FOSTER during cruise #NF0805, March 11th - March 24th, 2008 as part of the Coral...

  1. Potential risk and benefit of the combination of trastuzumab to chemotherapy and radiation therapy in non-metastatic breast cancer; Benefice et risques potentiels de l'association du trastuzumab a la chimiotherapie et a la radiotherapie dans le cancer du sein non metastatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belkacemi, Y. [CLCC Oscar-Lambret, Universite de Lille-2, Dept. d' Oncologie-Radiotherapie, 59 - Lille (France); Laharie-Mineur, H. [CLCC, institut Bergonie, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Gligorov, J. [APHP, Hopital Tenon, Cancer-Est, 75 - Paris (France); Azria, D. [CLCC Val d' Aurelle-Paul-Lamarque, Inserm, EMI 0227, 34 - Montpellier (France)

    2007-09-15

    Trastuzumab (Herceptin) is the first humanized monoclonal antibody targeting the HER2 antigen in breast cancer. HER2 receptor has been individualised 20 years ago. During the past 10 years, trastuzumab administration has radically modified the prognosis of the patients that are treated for HER2 positive breast cancer. Its efficacy has been demonstrated in the metastatic and adjuvant settings. While, trastuzumab based-regimens became the standard of care in the treatment of HER2/neu positive breast cancer, the optimal combination (concurrently or sequentially) to chemotherapy and radiation therapy is still unknown. Indeed, while the concurrent administration of trastuzumab and anthracyclines is not recommended because of a high risk of cardiac toxicity, there is no published data on the best sequence of trastuzumab and radiation therapy administration, particularly when internal mammary chain is involved. The benefit/risk ratio of the concurrent and sequential administration of trastuzumab with chemotherapy and radiation therapy will be discussed in this review. (authors)

  2. Une analyse longitudinale de la réussite des étudiants « en ligne » ou « en classe » : le cas d’un cours de marketing suivi au sein d’une université québécoise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Menvielle

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Les études comparatives sur les résultats des étudiants suivant des enseignements en ligne ou en classe ont été nombreuses et les résultats démontrent, dans l’ensemble, qu’il n’y a pas prépondérance de l’une ou de l’autre des formes d’enseignement. Nous présentons ici une étude sur la réussite des étudiants de 1ercycle universitaire d’un cours de base en marketing, dont nous avons suivi les résultats entre l’été 2008 et l’hiver 2009 avec le même professeur. Un échantillon de 373répondants a ainsi été formé et les résultats démontrent, entre autres, qu’il n’y a pas de différences significatives pour un même type d’examen entre les étudiants de ces deux groupes. Par contre, lors d’évaluations différenciées pour chaque groupe, les étudiants suivant un cours en classe réussissent mieux que leurs homologues en ligne.

  3. Reduction mammaplasty and radiation therapy can allow breast conservation in patients with breast cancers not initially treatable by tumor-ectomy; Apport de la plastie mammaire de reduction, associee a la radiotherapie, dans le traitement conservateur des cancers du sein non accessibles a une tumorectomie de premiere intention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Otmezguine, Y.; Calitchi, E.; Cothier, I.; Feuilhade, F.; Le Bourgeois, J.P.; Baruch, J. [Hopital Henri-Mondor, 94 - Creteil (France)

    1997-09-01

    A protocol combining reduction mammaplasty (RM) and radiation therapy was developed as an alternative of mastectomy in patients with breast cancers larger than 3 cm in diameter. This protocol was used in 51 patients between 1983 and 1990. Indications were extensive microcalcifications (n = 17; 33 %) ; residual tumor after neo-adjuvant therapy larger than 4 cm in diameter (n 18 ; 35 %); extensive DCIS (n = 4; 8 %) or tumor located within an area of fibrocystic disease (n = 6; 12 %); presence of a bifocal lesion (n = 12 %); area of fibrocystic disease (n = 6; 12 %); and presence of bifocal lesion (n 6; 12 %). Surgery consisted of tumor-ectomy removing a wide margin of skin and mammary gland, followed by immediate remodeling of the breast, same-side axillary node clearance, and symmetrization of the other breast. A radiation dose of 45 Gy was delivered to the entire mammary gland. Adjuvant therapy was given before and/or after therapy according to the institution`s routine breast cancer protocol. During the mean follow-up of 8.1 years, four patients (8 %) developed a local recurrence, which has treated surgically. The five-year disease-free survival rate was 76 %. The cosmetic result was good or very good in 78% of cases. RM plus RT is a reasonable alternative to mastectomy in patients with large breast cancers, although further work is needed to refine its indications. (authors). 15 refs.

  4. Identification des freins et des leviers dans la coopération médecin généraliste-pharmacien d'officine, au sein d'un programme d'ETP sur l'ostéoporose (Projet SIOUX)

    OpenAIRE

    Mettavant , Laurie

    2014-01-01

    Non disponible / Not available; L’ostéoporose post-ménopausique est un enjeu important de santé publique. A l’heure actuelle, nousdisposons de moyens thérapeutiques efficaces permettant d’envisager une meilleure prise en charge,mais l’adhésion du patient à son traitement conditionne le succès thérapeutique. Les patientes peuventintégrer un programme d’éducation thérapeutique et prolonger leur suivi dans le cadre du projetSIOUX (Suivi Intégré de l’Ostéoporose par les URPS-X) au CHR de Metz-Thi...

  5. Low temperature oxidation, co-oxidation and auto-ignition of olefinic and aromatic blending compounds: Experimental study of interactions during the oxidation of a surrogate fuel; Oxydation, co-oxydation et auto-inflammation a basses temperatures d'alcenes et aromatiques types: etude experimentale des interactions au sein d'un carburant-modele

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanhove, G.

    2004-12-15

    The low-temperature (600-900 K) and high-pressure (5-25 bar) oxidation and auto-ignition of the three position isomers of hexene, of binary mixtures of 1-hexene, toluene and iso-octane, and of a surrogate fuel composed of these three compounds were studied in motor conditions using a rapid compression machine. Auto-ignition delay times were measured as long as intermediate products concentrations during the delay. The results show that the oxidation chemistry of the hexenes is very dependent on the position of the double bond inside the molecule, and that strong interactions between the oxidation mechanisms of hydrocarbons in mixtures can occur. The data obtained concerning the surrogate fuel give a good insight into the behaviour of a practical gasoline after an homogeneous charge compression. (author)

  6. Road traffic,NO{sub 2} exposure and respiratory system of the child in the VESTA study; Trafic automobile, exposition au NO{sub 2} et fonction respiratoire de l'enfant au sein de l'etude VESTA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gauvin, St.; Amro, S.; Zmirou, D. [Faculte de Medecine, Lab. de Sante Publique, 38 - La Tronche (France); Le Moullec, Y. [Lab. d' Hygiene de la Ville de Paris, 75 (France); Sahraoui, F. [Hopital Trousseau, 75 - Paris (France); Pin, I. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire 1-Michallon, 38 - Grenoble (France); Neukirch, F. [INSERM U 408, Faculte de Medecine Xavier Bichat, 75 - Paris (France); Momas, I. [Faculte de Pharmacie, Lab. d' Hygiene et Sante Publique, 75 - Paris (France); Lauvergne, N. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de l' Archet, 06 - Nice (France); Poilve, M.P. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Purpan, 31 - Toulouse (France); Chiron, M. [Institut National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Securite (INRETS), 69 - Bron (France)

    2000-07-01

    The purpose of VESTA study is to assess the role of air pollution associated with automobile exhaust on the occurrence of childhood asthma. A case-control study is underway in 4 French cities (Paris, Grenoble, Toulouse and Nice). Cases are 'incident' asthmatics (less than 2 years since first diagnostic); controls are non asthmatic children chosen at random among a pool of relatives of the cases, after provision for overmatching on home location. The children, 4 to 14 years of age at inclusion, must fill in questionnaires that describe their past and present life environment. They also must carry during 48 hours passive monitors for NO and NO{sub 2}. This paper deals with the association between the respiratory function, measured at the enrollment of children, and personal NO{sub 2} exposure or proximity of their home and school to traffic. This work also allows assessment of the relative contribution of different emissions sources on personal NO{sub 2} exposure. The respiratory function (FEVI and PEFR) was measured with a One-Flow tester, a portable electronic device. NO{sub 2} personal exposure was measured by passive Ogawa samplers continuously worn during 48 hours. Exposure to traffic exhausts was assessed through an index based on a time-weighted average of the traffic density to road distance ratio (I/D), where I and D were calculated for the home and school addresses. Time spent daily at home and at school, as documented by the time activity diary, was used for weighing the school and home I/D ratios. The most influential variables that predicted NO{sub 2} personal exposures were the traffic index, the use of a gas cooker at home and the background pollution (partial R2 ranks from 0.33 to 067). No association was found between the respiratory function and the levels of NO{sub 2} personal exposure. Nevertheless, the FEVI or PEFR values were associated to traffic index, in 2 out of 4 cities. These results suggest that exposure to traffic exhausts may alter the respiratory function of children, according to the city. (authors)

  7. Radio-induced breast cancers exhibiting aggressive anatomo-pathological characteristics: retrospective study of the long-term follow-up committee of the French Society of Child Cancers; Cancers du sein radio-induits presentant des caracteristiques anatomopathologiques agressives: etude retrospective du comite de suivi a long terme de la Societe francaise des cancers de l'enfant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demoor, C.; Mahe, M.A.; Supiot, S. [ICO Rene-Gauducheau, Nantes (France); Vathaire, F. de [Inserm UMRS 1018, institut de cancerologie Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif (France); Oberlin, O. [Institut de cancerologie Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif (France); Noel, G. [Centre Paul-Strauss, Strasbourg (France); Brillaud, V. [Institut Bergonie, Bordeaux (France); Bernier, V. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, Nancy (France); Laprie, A. [Institut Claudius-Regaud, Toulouse (France); Claude, L. [Centre Leon-Berard, Lyon (France)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report an analysis of clinical-pathological characteristics of radio-induced breast cancers registered in six French centres. 82 breast cancers concerning 75 women have been analyzed in terms of patient age, cancer type, interval between both cancers. It appears that radio-induced cancers exhibited significantly more aggressive characteristics. The screening of young women at risk is therefore recommended for an early diagnosis and treatment. Short communication

  8. Exclusive radiotherapy and concurrent endocrine therapy for the management of elderly breast cancer patients: Case study and review of hypo-fractionated schemes; Hormonoradiotherapie exclusive dans la prise en charge du cancer du sein de la personne agee: cas clinique et revue de la litterature des schemas hypofractionnes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auberdiac, P.; Cartier, L.; Malkoun, N.; Chauleur, C.; De Laroche, G.; Magne, N. [Departement de radiotherapie, institut de cancerologie de la Loire, 108 bis, avenue Albert-Raimond, BP 60008, 42271 Saint-Priest-en-Jarez cedex (France); Chargari, C. [Service d' oncologie radiotherapie, hopital d' instruction des armees du Val-de-Grace, 74, boulevard de Port-Royal, 75230 Paris cedex 5 (France); Melis, A.; Jacquin, J.P. [Departement d' oncologie medicale, institut de cancerologie de la Loire, 108 bis, avenue Albert-Raimond, BP 60008, 42271 Saint-Priest-en-Jarez cedex (France)

    2011-12-15

    Normo-fractionated radiotherapy is standard for adjuvant management of patients treated with breast conservative surgery for breast cancer. However, many elderly patients are not eligible to such strategy, either because of concurrent diseases, or because the tumor is inoperable. Several protocols of exclusive radiotherapy have been reported in the literature, frequently using hypo-fractionated radiotherapy and endocrine therapy. We report a case of a patient treated with exclusive endocrine and radiotherapy and address the state of the art on hypo-fractionated schemes for the management of elderly breast cancer patients. While hypo-fractionated radiotherapy does not compromise the oncologic or cosmetic outcome, there is no prospective data that assesses the place of radiotherapy for the exclusive treatment of elderly patients. This strategy should be further assessed in clinical randomized trial. (authors)

  9. Hypo-fractionated radiotherapy of breast cancer: long term results of a set of 80 cases treated in the radiotherapy department of the Oran university hospital; Radiotherapie hypofractionnee dans le cancer du sein: resultats a long terme d'une serie de 80 cas traites dans le service de radiotherapie du centre hospitalier universitaire d'Oran

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boukerche, A.; Yahia, A.; Madouri, R.; Belmiloud, H.; Dali-Youcef, A.F. [Service de radiotherapie, CHU d' Oran, Oran (Algeria)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report the assessment of the local and locoregional control and of the acute and late toxicity of adjuvant hypo-fractionated radiotherapy in breast cancer treatment. During 1998, 80 women have been treated by conservative or radical surgery and hypo-fractionated tele-cobalto-therapy (36 Gy in five fractions of 3 Gy a week, and a boost of 15 Gy in five fractions in case of conservative surgery). Results are discussed in terms of local and locoregional recurrence, tolerance, late toxicity, global survival, and tumour classification. The irradiation scheme seems perfectly achievable but a greater number of patients and a longer follow-up are required to better assess the efficiency and aesthetic results. Short communication

  10. Locoregional recurrence in patients suffering from a triple-negative breast cancer: interest of a systematic adjuvant ganglionary irradiation; Recidives locoregionales chez les patientes atteintes d'un cancer du sein triple-negatif: interet d'une irradiation ganglionnaire adjuvante systematique?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clerc, J.; Sunyach, M.P.; Duruisseaux, M.; Mignotte, H.; Bajard, A.; Tredan, O.; Carrie, C.; Arnaud, A. [Centre Leon-Berard, Lyon (France)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report the assessment of locoregional recurrence percentage within women suffering from a triple-negative breast cancer without ganglionary attack, in order to examine the interest of a systematic adjuvant ganglionary irradiation. Nearly 250 women have been treated for a breast cancer between 1999 and 2009 in the Leon-Berard Centre in Lyons. All had surgery followed or not by a chemotherapy and/or a radiotherapy. The locoregional recurrence rate is not very high, but the authors cannot yet be sure to systematically propose this treatment. Short communication

  11. Prognosis value of molecular sub-types in breast cancers free of ganglionary invasion after mastectomy and impact of radiotherapy; Valeur pronostique des sous-types moleculaires dans les cancers du sein indemnes d'envahissement ganglionnaire apres mastectomie et impact de la radiotherapie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Selz, J.; Stevens, D.; Jouanneau, L.; Labib, A.; Le Scodan, R. [Hopital Rene-Huguenin, Saint-Cloud (France)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report the assessment of the prognosis value in terms of local control of molecular subtypes in patients suffering from breast cancer without ganglionary invasion, and of their predictive value for adjuvant irradiation. Medical files of nearly 700 patients have been analyzed. Some had an irradiation after mastectomy, some hadn't. The distribution of molecular sub-types is indicated, and the relationship with relapse is examined. The different molecular sub-types do not allow sub-groups with high risk of relapse to be defined. Breast cancers of stage pN0 after mastectomy seem to have a very good prognosis. Short communication

  12. Contribution of the deep-inspiration breath-hold technique in patients treated for a left breast cancer by mono-isocentric conformational irradiation; Apport du blocage inspiratoire profond chez des patientes traitees pour un cancer du sein gauche par irradiation conformationnelle mono-isocentrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zioueche, A.; Mege, A.; Bodez, V.; Rauglaudre, G. de [Institut Sainte-Catherine, Avignon (France)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report a study which aimed at assessing the benefit of a deep-inspiration-breath-hold on heart sparing in 31 women treated in the left breast or wall and locoregional ganglionary areas by three-dimensional conformational irradiation with field-in-field optimization. All heart and lung parameters (delivered doses) have been significantly improved by a deep-inspiration-breath-hold. Short communication

  13. Dosimetric comparison of standard bi-dimensional radiotherapy, mono-isocentric three-dimensional and arc-therapy for a bilateral breast cancer case with ganglionary attack; Comparaison dosimetrique pour un cas de cancer du sein bilateral avec atteinte ganglionnaire de la radiotherapie bidimensionnelle standard, la radiotherapie tridimensionnelle mono-isocentrique et l'arctherapie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnaud, A. [Centre Leon-Berard, Lyon (France); Bodez, V.; Alric, K.; Chastel, D.; Mege, A. [Institut Sainte-Catherine, Avignon (France)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report a study which aimed at determining the optimal radiotherapy technique for a patient operated from a bilateral breast cancer with ganglionary attack and peculiar thoracic conformation. A dosimetric study has been performed. Target volumes and lung and heart coverages have been compared for three techniques: bi-dimensional and three-dimensional radiotherapy, and arc-therapy. It appears that arc-therapy would allow a dosimetric and therapeutic duration gain without improving the target volume coverage while increasing doses delivered to organs at risk. Short communication

  14. Search for the supersymmetric partner of bottom quark at DO at Tevatron. Studies on missing transverse energy; Recherche du partenaire supersymetrique du quark bottom au sein de l'experience DO aupres du TeVatron. Etudes sur l'energie transverse manquante

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calvet, S

    2007-09-15

    Supersymmetry, the extension of the Standard Model of particle physics, is searched for, by trying to observe the supersymmetric partner of the bottom quark (b-bar). This search is performed by using events with a final state comprising 2 coplanar b-quark jets and missing transverse energy and coming from a sample of 992 pb{sup -1} of data collected by the D0 detector at the Tevatron, the Fermilab pp-bar collider. The absence of an excess of events in comparison to Standard Model expectations leads to exclude sb masses up to 201 GeV and neutralino masses up to 94 GeV. The missing transverse energy has been studied carefully under 2 points of view, because of its fundamental role in this search. First, at the level of the trigger system which allows the online selection candidate events, and then during the process Z {yields} {nu}{nu} + jets that is an important background noise and in which the transverse momentum of Z turns into missing energy because of the no-detection of the neutrinos. (author)

  15. Thermal and airflow prediction in buildings by associating models with different levels of details within an object-oriented simulation environment; Prediction des performances thermo-aerauliques des batiments par association de modeles de differents niveaux de finesse au sein d'un environnement oriente objet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mora, L.

    2003-09-01

    The design of innovative HVAC systems, as well as the evaluation of the comfort of occupants requires a detailed estimation of airflows and heat transfers within building zones. Zonal and CFD methods can in principal provide such details, but in practice they are difficult to apply to study a whole building over long periods of time. In this study, we propose a new simulation platform based on the object oriented simulation environment SPARK to treat most of building zones using the nodal approach. This modeling method considers each zone as a fully and instantaneously well mixed volume. In this case, each zone can be characterized by a unique computational node where temperature, pressure and concentration are determined. Then, some specific rooms are studied with more details. In order to see the impact of these details on the entire building model, we propose different coupling methods depending on models associations between the nodal approach, and zonal or CFD room models. After a brief presentation of the different modeling methods used in this study, we attempt to demonstrate the interest to use one method instead of another depending on the room characteristics or the modeler's objectives. We then present the developed platform in which we solve both nodal and zonal models, and we couple detailed room models with the first method. Finally, a few applications demonstrate some capabilities of the developed platform to not only adjust the level of detail for each room model, but also propose new ways of research. In fact, the last application shows a new coupling method between zonal and CFD methods. In this approach, the first method acquires the airflow structure from results obtained using a CFD model in the room. Consequently, the developed platform has numerous applications, to study the dynamics of heat and mass transfers in buildings as well as in their immediate surroundings. (author)

  16. Search for the supersymmetric partner of bottom quark at DO at Tevatron. Studies on missing transverse energy; Recherche du partenaire supersymetrique du quark bottom au sein de l'experience DO aupres du TeVatron. Etudes sur l'energie transverse manquante

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calvet, S

    2007-09-15

    Supersymmetry, the extension of the Standard Model of particle physics, is searched for, by trying to observe the supersymmetric partner of the bottom quark (b-bar). This search is performed by using events with a final state comprising 2 coplanar b-quark jets and missing transverse energy and coming from a sample of 992 pb{sup -1} of data collected by the D0 detector at the Tevatron, the Fermilab pp-bar collider. The absence of an excess of events in comparison to Standard Model expectations leads to exclude sb masses up to 201 GeV and neutralino masses up to 94 GeV. The missing transverse energy has been studied carefully under 2 points of view, because of its fundamental role in this search. First, at the level of the trigger system which allows the online selection candidate events, and then during the process Z {yields} {nu}{nu} + jets that is an important background noise and in which the transverse momentum of Z turns into missing energy because of the no-detection of the neutrinos. (author)

  17. Breast cancer risk and residence near industry or traffic in Nassau and Suffolk Counties, Long Island, New York; Risque de cancer du sein a proximite d'installations industrielles ou du trafic routier dans les comtes de Nassau et de Suffolk (Long Island, New York)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis-Michl, E.L.; Melius, J.M.; Kallenbach, L.R.; Ju, C.L.; Talbot, T.O.; Orr, M.F.; Lauridsen, P.E.

    1999-06-01

    The objectives of the study is the influence of the vicinity of an industrial area or an important road traffic, on the risk increase of a breast cancer. The results show a relation between the breast cancer for women after the menopause and a life near chemical industrial area.

  18. Intégration verticale et niveau du risque au sein des compagnies pétrolières internationales. Impact sur la volatilité des bénéfices de 15 compagnies entre 1980 et 1989 Vertical Integration and Risk Level in International Oil Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perruchet D.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available On regroupe couramment les diverses activités pétrolières en deux ensembles que l'on dit complémentaires : l'amont et l'aval. On emploie alors le terme d'intégration verticale pour exprimer le fait qu'une même compagnie soit présente tant à l'amont qu'à l'aval. L'intégration verticale est étudiée ici sur la période 1980-1989 à travers quinze compagnies pétrolières : six Majors et neuf Indépendants. Les volumes d'activité des deux secteurs considérés présentent des évolutions contrastées selon les compagnies et les années. En effet, la recherche d'une intégration verticale plus complète - c'est-à-dire d'une plus grande présence en amont - peut découler de deux logiques différentes. D'un point de vue industriel, si l'amont constitue souvent le fondement de l'activité des compagnies, il existe de plus des facteurs de sécurité d'approvisionnement, d'économie de transaction et d'économie d'échelle. D'un point de vue économique, dans la mesure où les ventes du secteur amont sont les fournitures du secteur aval, c'est l'antisymétrie des résultats des deux secteurs qui est un atout. Il s'agit donc d'analyser les liens entre l'intégration verticale et la stabilité des bénéfices. Sur la période considérée, et pour l'ensemble des compagnies, le coefficient de corrélation entre les bénéfices amont et les bénéfices aval est négatif. L'étude, compagnie par compagnie, montre que plus les compagnies sont intégrées verticalement et plus leurs résultats sont anticorrélés. De même, l'étude des répercussions sur la volatilité des bénéfices est concluante. On constate que la volatilité du bénéfice global (amont et aval est pour chaque compagnie inférieure à celles des bénéfices sectoriels. Des estimations économétriques confirment ces observations. Les Majors se caractérisent par des volatilités faibles, tandis que d'autres compagnies, à forts risques sectoriels, limitent la volatilité de leur bénéfice global du fait d'une intégration verticale importante. Ainsi, trois facteurs agissent principalement sur la stabilité des profits des compagnies pétrolières : la taille de la firme, la diversification géographique des activités, l'intégration verticale. Cette dernière caractéristique peut compenser la faiblesse relative dans les autres domaines. Enfin, on peut noter que l'intégration verticale semble particulièrement bien adaptée en période de forte variation des prix du brut. International companies are usually active in several sectors of activity throughout petroleum operations. Different petroleum activities (exploration, production, transport, refining, distribution, etc. are grouped in two sectors that are said to be complementary, i. e. upstream and downstream. The term vertical integration is used to express the fact that the same company is present both upstream and downstream. Vertical integration is examined here for the 1980-1989 period via a sampling (representative of the diversity of sizes and situations of fifteen oil companies : Exxon, Royal Dutch-Shell, British Petroleum, Mobil, Amoco, Atlantic Richfield, Phillips, Conoco, Occidental Petroleum, Unocal, Sun, Arrierada Hess, Keer McGee, Murphy, and Tosco. Vertical integration is measured by a simple physical ratio, i. e. the ratio of the annual volume of liquid hydrocarbons produced to the annual volume of hydrocarbons refined. The volumes of activity of the two sectors considered have contrasting evolutions depending on the companies and years. Whereas in most companies the volumes of crude oil produced have been increasing, there is in particular a decrease in the volumes processed downstream. The sampling of companies retained reveals a highly contrasting situation in the levels of integration. Nonetheless, for the companies examined as a whole, vertical integration increased slightly during the period considered. Indeed, the search for more complete vertical integration can be detected, i. e. greater presence upstream. This may stem from two different forms of logic. From the industrial standpoint, whereas the upstream sector is often the basis for the activities of companies, various advantages are associated with the progression of integration, i. e. reliability of supplies, economies in transactions and economies of scale, controlling the added value, etc. From the economic standpoint any diversification of activities tends to lower the overall risk taken by the firm. Likewise, to the extent that sales by the upstream sector are supplies to the downstream sector, the antisymmetric nature of the results of the sectors is an asset. The problem is then to analyze the links between vertical integration and a fundamental risk indicator, i. e. the stability of profits. The net annual profits are examined by sector of activity, excluding exceptional elements. It is quite obvious that these sectorial profits depend mainly on the level of crude-oil prices. For the period considered and for the companies as a whole, the correlation coefficient between upstream profits and downstream profits is negative. A company-by-company survey shows that the more companies are vertically integrated the more their results are anticorrelated. An econometric assessment confirms these observations. Graphic representations illustrate the reverse evolutions of sectorial profits for the period. Likewise, the analysis of the repercussions on the volatility of profits is conclusive. On the basis of the data gathered, it can be seen that the volatility of profits by the downstream sector is great for the period. Whereas that of the upstream sector is less, it can be seen in particular that the volatility of the overall profit (upstream and downstream is less for each company than the volatilities of the sectorial profits. Furthermore, a measurement of the profit variation coefficient - with regard to the rate of vertical integration - shows that, for strongly integrated companies, the volatility of profits is reduced. Checked econometrically, this relation can be seen clearly on the reduced graph. Companies with high sectoral risks succeed in limiting the volatility of their overall profit as the result of extensive vertical integration. Other companies, because of their specific natures, deviate from the straight line of least squares. It is either the very small-size companies having very volatile profits or the Majors that are characterized by low volatilities, even for sectorial profits. Hence it can be assumed that three factors mainly act in favor of the stability of the profits of oil companies, i. e. the size of the firm, the geographic diversification of its activities, and its vertical integration. This last characteristic may make it possible to compensate for its relative weakness in the other fields. This economic type outlook should be linked to a more general preoccupation to reduce fluctuations and hence risks. Lastly, it can be seen that vertical integration seems to be especially well suited in a period of strong variations in crude-oil prices.

  19. Comprendre l'expérience de lecteurs désengagés lors d'un projet de cercle de lecture au sein d'une équipe de hockey de jeunes garçons au Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolicoeur Manon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche collaborative réunissant un entraineur de hockey et une chercheuse vise à décrire l'impact de l'expérimentation d'un dispositif de cercle de lecture auprès d'une équipe de jeunes garçons francophones de 9 et 10 ans du Nouveau-Brunswick (Canada. L'étude se penche particulièrement sur le vécu de trois lecteurs désengagés participant au projet. L'analyse qualitative des données recueillies par entrevues, questionnaires et observations démontre que la motivation a été soutenue et généralisée durant toute la tenue du cercle de lecture et que les lecteurs désengagés ont évolué vers l'engagement.

  20. Constraints to organs at risks: a simple tool to uniform and secure the prescriptions and the realisation of dosimetry in a radiotherapy department; Contraintes aux organes a risque: un outil simple pour uniformiser et securiser les prescriptions et la realisation des dosimetries au sein d'un departement de radiotherapie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mirabel, X.; Horn, S.; Le Tinier, F.; Attar, M.; Dewas, S.; Lacornerie, T.; Nickers, P.; Sarrazin, T.; Lartigau, E. [Centre Oscar-Lambret, 59 - Lille (France)

    2009-10-15

    The generalisation of the three dimensional conformal radiotherapy, then the conformal radiotherapy with intensity modulation, the receipt of a dosimetry scanner, two tomo-therapy devices and a cyberknife modified deeply our practices. The delineation of every organ at risk and the prescription of constraints to organs at risk became systematic. The new technologies by their possibilities in term of accuracy, conformity and tracking lead us to choose new therapy indications in situations where the control of dose to organs at risk is particularly crucial (hypo fractionated intra and extra cranial stereotaxic). This context make us feel the necessity to use a data base of constraints to organs at risk, for the classic fractionation and the hypo fractionation. An array containing all the data has been published as posters, it is displayed in large format in the work area for doctors in the area of simulation and data acquisition as well as dosimetry. (N.C.)

  1. La forja de Isidro Gomá como adalid del antirrepublicanismo en la Iglesia de España (1927-1933 Comment le cardinal Gomá devint le fer de lance de l’antirépublicanisme au sein de l’Église d’Espagne (1927-1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Ceamanos Llorens

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo investiga la labor realizada por Isidro Gomá y Tomás al frente del obispado de Tarazona y Tudela (1927-1933. Gomá, arzobispo de Toledo y primado de la Iglesia de España (1933-1940, es una de las principales figuras por la que se han interesado los historiadores de la Guerra Civil española a causa del apoyo que concedió a los sublevados. Sin embargo, el período previo a su nombramiento como Primado permanece desconocido. En estas líneas se muestra como, durante su estancia en Tarazona, Gomá dirigió con mano firme su diócesis y, llegada la República, se enfrentó con contundencia a las reformas laicas, consolidándose como un referente fundamental en los medios integristas y antirrepublicanos católicos. Esta circunstancia llevó al Vaticano a pensar en él cuando decidió cubrir la vacante sede de Toledo.Cet article porte sur le travail réalisé par Isidro Gomá y Tomás lorsqu’il était à la tête de l’évêché de Tarazona et Tudela (1927-1933. Gomá, archevêque de Tolède et primat de l’Église d’Espagne (1933-1940, est l’une des figures principales à laquelle se sont intéressés les historiens de la guerre civile espagnole, notamment en raison de l’appui qu’il fournit aux révoltés. La période qui précéda sa nomination comme Primat reste toutefois méconnue. Les lignes qui suivent montrent comment Gomá a dirigé d’une main de fer son diocèse durant son séjour à Tarazona et comment il s’est radicalement opposé –après l’avènement de la République– aux réformes laïques, devenant ainsi un référent fondamental parmi les milieux intégristes et antirrépublicains catholiques. C’est d’ailleurs pour cela que le Vatican a pensé à lui lorsqu’il fallut pourvoir le siège de Tolède resté vacant.This article examines the work of Isidro Gomá y Tomás in the see of Tarazona and Tudela (1927-1933. Gomá, the archbishop of Toledo (1933-1940, is one of foremost personalities studied by Spanish Civil War historians, because of the backing he gave to the rebels. However, the period prior to his appointment as Primate of the Spanish Church is still unknown. This article shows how Gomá, during his time in Tarazona, led his diocese with a firm hand, and when the Republic came, took a hard line against the secular reforms, establishing himself as a key figure in the extreme antirepublican Catholic media. This led the Vatican to take him into consideration when it decided to cover the vacant see of Toledo.

  2. HIT-Sanyo: Revolutionary technology, what is the truth and what a hoax? New technology from Japan tested in Germany; ''Sanyo-HIT: Revolutionaere Technik oder mehr Schein als Sein?''. Neue Technik aus Japan in Deutschland erprobt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rust, T. [Atmosphaere GmbH, Laatzen (Germany); Kohake, D. [Fachhochschule Gelsenkirchen (Germany). Fachbereich Elektrotechnik; Rossner, M. [Fachhochschule Coburg (Germany). Fachbereich Elektrotechnik und Informatik

    2004-07-01

    The new modules from Japanese manufacturer Sanyo with the HIT-Technology are supposed to have the worlds best efficiency. In addition the manufacturer claims that by the HIT-Technology the modules supply more energy output compared to conventional crystalline solar modules. This article tries to prove these statements by outdoor investigation. Measurements of one grid connected system, which contains Sanyo, Kyocera and Ersol modules, show that Sanyo modules have at least 7% more energy output than the other modules. DC-measurements at Sanyo and BP modules even prove that due to the low temperature coefficient the Sanyo modules cope better with high cell temperatures compared to the BP ones. In addition the inspection sheets given by Sanyo seem to contain lower power data than determined in field measurements which may be caused by the different spectral consistence of the test light in Japan. The data collected during the second half of 2003 reveals that systems with Sanyo modules can provide 7% and more plus of energy output than systems with other well-known modules. Nevertheless it will be interesting to gather long time data of plants with Sanyo modules in order to achieve a statement of how the energy output evolves during the period of at least one year. (orig.)

  3. La chapelle de la résidence universitaire Jean-Zay à Antony (Hauts-de-Seine par Eugène Beaudouin : matériau traditionnel de l’architecture religieuse et création contemporaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Margo-Schwoebel

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Après avoir mené à Antony la construction de la résidence universitaire Jean Zay en dix-huit mois (1954-1955, grâce à des procédés de construction industrialisés, Eugène Beaudouin compléta son projet d’une chapelle indépendante, réalisée selon des procédés traditionnels et consacrée en 1961. Dans cette chapelle Sainte-Croix, l’architecte renouait avec une certaine approche historiciste, sans pour autant rompre avec la création contemporaine. Son goût affirmé pour la prédominance du dessin s’y conjuguait à un jeu subtil sur la notion de « vérité du matériau », chère à l’architecture de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle. Mais le parti pris architectural semi-souterrain lui permettait surtout de développer un espace liturgique dramatisé, autour de la symbolique du baptême, en rapport direct avec les grands projets contemporains d’architecture religieuse.Using industrialised construction techniques, the architect Eugène Beaudouin was able to complete the building of the Jean Zay university residence, at Antony, in eighteen months, between 1954 and 1955. After completing this hall of residence, the architect then designed an independent chapel, built with traditional techniques and consecrated in 1961. In this Sainte-Croix chapel, Beaudouin renewed a certain historicist approach although he did not turn his back on contemporary creation. His pronounced taste for the predominance of design was associated with a subtle play on the notion of ‘the truth of the material’, one of the key architectural precepts of the second half of the 20th century. But the half-underground architecture also allowed him to create a dramatised liturgical space, around the symbolism of baptism and in relation to other contemporary projects in religious architecture.

  4. Study of the absorption and energy transfer processes in inorganic luminescent materials in the UV and VUV region; Etude des processus d`absorption et de transfert d`energie au sein de materiaux inorganiques luminescents dans le domaine UV et VUV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayolet, A

    1995-11-29

    In order to find a green emitting phosphor showing high quantum efficiency and a short decay time which can be used in the color Plasma Display Panels developed by Thomson-TTE-TIV company, a VUV spectrophotometer built at IPN Orsay, using the synchrotron radiation from the SUPER-ACO storage ring as an excitation source, allow us the simultaneous recording of the luminescence excitation and diffuse reflectivity spectra of the inorganic compounds in the UV-VUV range. In addition, this experimental set-up enable us to determine the luminescence quantum efficiency of phosphors in the whole energy range of investigation. The chemical synthesis of rare-earth ortho-- and metaborate and rare-earth ortho- and metaphosphate doped with trivalent lanthanide ions cerium, praseodymium, europium and terbium have been made. The energy variation of the thresholds of the luminescence excitation mechanisms in function of the nature and the structure of the host matrix is discussed. We have determined the influence of the nephelauxetic effect and the crystal field intensity on the energy of the f-d inter-configuration transitions. The variation of the luminescence quantum efficiency of the dopant ion is interpreted through the `impurity bound exciton` model. The systematic comparison of the cerium and terbium trivalent ions spectroscopic properties in the Y(AG)G host lattice series stands to reason that the self-ionized state of the luminescent center plays an important role in the rate of the non radiative relaxation. It is the redox power of the host matrix which imposes to the luminescent center, the energy of this state. (author) 134 refs.

  5. Pleural mesothelioma: dose-response relation at low levels of asbestos exposure in a french population-based case-control study; Mesotheliome pleural: relation dose-reponse a faibles niveaux d'exposition a l'amiante dans une etude cas-temoins au sein d'une polulation francaise

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwatsubo, Y.; Pairo, J.C.; Boutin, C.; Menard, O.; Massin, N.; Caillaud, D.; Orlowski, E.; Galateau-Salle, F.; Bignon, J.; Brochard, P.

    1998-03-01

    The objectives of this study were to study the dose-response relationship between professional exposure to asbestos and the supervening of the pleural mesothelioma in general population. This work notes an excess of death by pulmonary cancer among the asbestos-cement workers but one can regret the weakness of the exposure estimation (only one source of exposure is considered) and that some others risk factors have not been taken into account (tobacco, for example). (N.C.)

  6. 76 FR 28457 - In the Matter of Certain Toner Cartridges and Components Thereof; Determination Not To Review an...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ...'l, Ltd. of Zhuhai, China; Ninestar Technology Co., Ltd. of Zhuhai, China; Ninestar Management Co., Ltd. of Zhuhai, China; Zhuhai Seine Technology Co. of Zhuhai, China; Seine Image Int'l Co. of Shatin...; Nano Pacific Corp. of South San Francisco, California; Ninestar Tech. Co., Ltd. of City of Industry...

  7. Long-Term Low Tide Monitoring Data for Fishes, Shrimps, & Crabs in Oyster Landing Creek, North Inlet Estuary, Georgetown, South Carolina: 1983-2003.

    Data.gov (United States)

    Baruch Institute for Marine and Coastal Sciences, Univ of South Carolina — Seine samples of the nekton community were taken every 2 weeks with a 6-millimeter mesh bag seine at low tide, in an intertidal creek pool in the Oyster Landing...

  8. Einkauf trifft Industrie 4.0

    OpenAIRE

    Henke, Michael; Schulte, Axel T.

    2016-01-01

    Der digitale Strukturwandel wird ohne den Einkauf nicht erfolgreich sein. Allerdings gehen die Meinungen über seine Rolle weit auseinander. Sie reichen von "aktiver Treiber" bis "lediglich Unterstützer". Deshalb muss sich der Einkauf stärker in die Diskussion um Industrie 4.0 einschalten

  9. Coaching im Zeitalter der Hyperkomplexität

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stelter, Reinhard

    deutsche Soziologe und Systemtheoretiker Nicklas Luhmann den Begriff „Kontingenz“ eingeführt, der beschreibt wie etwas ist (war, sein wird), sein kann, aber auch anders möglich ist. Kontingenz beschreibt den frustrierenden Zustand, dass alles auch anders beschrieben, erklärt und gelöst werden kann. Doch...

  10. 50 CFR 600.725 - General prohibitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... Longline. F. Recreational fishery F. Hook and line, rod and reel, spear. 9. Atlantic Bluefish Fishery (FMP.... Purse seine, seine. C. Mixed species pot and trap fishery C. Pot, trap. D. Bluefish, croaker, flounder... Bluefish Fishery (FMP): A. Bluefish, croaker, and flounder trawl fishery A. Trawl. B. Pelagic longline and...

  11. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    30 janv. 2017 ... dominés respectivement par le cancer du sein dans 27,6% des cas, les cancers digestifs dans 15,8% .... vessie, de l'utérus (corps ou col) et du sein qui métastasent au foie .... Distant metastases from head and neck cancer.

  12. Alkylphenolic compounds and bisphenol A contamination within a heavily urbanized area: case study of Paris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cladière, Mathieu; Gasperi, Johnny; Lorgeoux, Catherine; Bonhomme, Céline; Rocher, Vincent; Tassin, Bruno

    2013-05-01

    This study evaluates the influence of a heavily urbanized area (Paris Metropolitan area), on receiving water contamination by both bisphenol A (BPA) and alkylphenol ethoxylate (APE) biodegradation product. The study began by investigating concentrations within urban sources. In addition to the more commonly studied wastewater treatment plant effluent, wet weather urban sources (including combined sewer overflows, urban runoff, and total atmospheric fallout) were considered. The initial results highlight a significant contamination of all urban sources (from a few nanograms per liter in atmospheric fallout to several micrograms per liter in the other sources) with clearly distinguishable distribution patterns. Secondly, concentration changes along the Seine River from upstream of the Paris Metropolitan area to downstream were investigated. While the concentrations of BPA and nonylphenoxy acetic acid (NP₁EC) increase substantially due to urban sources, the 4-nonylphenol concentrations remain homogeneous along the Seine. These results suggest a broad dissemination of 4-nonylphenol at the scale of the Seine River basin. Moreover, the relationship between pollutant concentrations and Seine River flow was assessed both upstream and downstream of the Paris conurbation. Consequently, a sharp decrease in dissolved NP1EC concentrations relative to Seine River flow underscores the influence of single-point urban pollution on Seine River contamination. Conversely, dissolved 4-nonylphenol concentrations serve to reinforce the hypothesis of its widespread presence at the Seine River basin scale.

  13. Odoo-toiminnanohjausjärjestelmän käyttöönotto openSUSE Linux -järjestelmässä.

    OpenAIRE

    Hietala, Jesse

    2016-01-01

    Seinäjoen ammattikorkeakoululla on käynnissä projekti teollisen internetin laboratorion rakentamiseksi. Laboratoriota tullaan käyttämään opetukseen ja tutkimiseen. Tämän työn tarkoituksena oli tuottaa toimiva toiminnanohjausjärjestelmä rakenteilla olevaan teollisen internetin laboratorioon. Tämän lisäksi tuli myös kirjoittaa tehdystä työstä mahdollisimman yksityiskohtainen ohje Seinäjoen ammattikorkeakoulun käyttöön. Työn toimeksiantajana toimi Seinäjoen ammattikorkeakoulun Tekniikan yksi...

  14. Limfjordens Fiskeri 1890-1925

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, A. Lif Lund

    2003-01-01

    not be used. Traditionally the majority of the fishermen were against seine fishing, because it disturbed fishing with standing gear, and the government had in the 1907-fisherylaw illegalized the technology. But because of the economic crises the fishermen in 1922 agreed to request the government to ease......Fishing the Limfjord 1890-1925 – biology, economy and management. The subject of research is why the Danish government in 1923 and 1925 passed a law, which in the Limfjord allowed the use of motor driven winches for pulling seines on board. In order to examine the question, I analyze the fishery...... of gear used in the Limfjord was the so-called “standing gears”, which is pound nets, gillnets, traps and hooks. Even though the Danish-seine in 1848 was invented in the Limfjord, by a local fisherman, the use of all types of seine was limited. The fishermen still preferred to invest in standing gears...

  15. Aufforderung zur Intervention. Ein Versuch über Guy Debord.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Ballhausen

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Die konstruktive Auseinandersetzung mit Guy Debord und der Situationistischen Internationale (SI dauert erfreulicherweise an. Auch die medienspezifischen Implikationen seines Denkens und Wirkens sind immer wieder Teil aktueller Debatten um Möglichkeiten und Limits partizipativer Strategien.

  16. Viimane sõna MRP tähenduse ja retseptsiooni uurimisel / Heino Arumäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arumäe, Heino

    2005-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Lipinsky, Jan. Das geheime Zusatzprotokoll zum deutsch-sowjetischen Nichtangriffsvertrag vom 23. August 1939 und seine Entstehungs- und Rezeptionsgeschichte von 1939 bis 1999. Frankfurt am Main, 2004

  17. AMRMS Aerial survey database

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — An aerial monitoring program was conducted during the period 1962 - 2003 in cooperation with aerial spotters working for the commercial purse seine fleet. Flights...

  18. Bycatch in net-fisheries, particularly gillnet fisheries, is a global ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Marine & Coastal Management, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Private Bag, X2 Rogge Bay 8012, Cape ... catch in the fisheries, to describe the socio-economic ..... substantial when “blind” seines were made in the dark.

  19. Sea turtle in-water population survey and tagging data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Capture efforts, using several different fishing gear (pound nets, long haul seines, gill nets, and trawls) were conducted to evaluate the growth rates, sex ratios,...

  20. Atlantic menhaden adult tagging study

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Atlantic menhaden are a schooling forage fish species, which are subject to a large commercial purse seine fishery. Atlantic menhaden are harvested for reduction...

  1. rapport sur l'atelier

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Joseph E. Diop

    26 nov. 2015 ... DIALOGUE STRATEGIQUE : POUR UNE GOUVERNANCE FONCIERE ..... des lois foncières au sein des institutions politiques africaines. La manière ... de citer le recrutement de jeunes juristes pour former les populations.

  2. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    28 oct. 2013 ... Key words: Cancer du sein chez l'homme, diagnostic, traitement, facteurs pronostiques. Received: ..... BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes in breast cancer families. ... breast disease: clinical, mammographic, and ultrasonographic.

  3. Atlantic menhaden processing plant test tagging data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Atlantic menhaden are a schooling forage fish species, which are subject to a large commercial purse seine fishery. Atlantic menhaden are harvested for reduction...

  4. Aquaculture et environnement: aspects réglementaires : journées d'études, Nantes, 6-7 octobre 1993

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1994-01-01

    ...) L'aquaculture in Italie; 6) L'aquaculture au sein de la Communaute economique europeenne; 7) Freshwater aquaculture in the United States, complying with environmental protection law and policy; 8...

  5. [Johann...] / Jacek Wijaczka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wijaczka, Jacek

    2003-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Ulrich Müller. Johann Lohmüller und seine livländische Chronik "Warhaftig Histori". Lüneburg : Verlag Nordostdeutsches Kulturwerk, 2001 (Schriften der Baltischen Historischen Kommission. Bd. 10)

  6. 78 FR 37840 - Endangered Species Recovery Permit Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... activities to capture, seine, electrofish, PIT tag, collect vouchers, and preserve larvae) the Razorback... vouchers) the conservancy fairy shrimp (Branchinecta conservatio), longhorn fairy shrimp (Branchinecta longiantenna), Riverside fairy shrimp (Streptocephalus woottoni), San Diego fairy shrimp (Branchinecta...

  7. Aluminum or steel? Mounting systems for solar generators - a practice report; Aluminium oder Stahl? Montagesysteme fuer Solargeneratoren - ein Praxisreport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schnitzer, Sandy [Mounting Systems GmbH, Rangsdorf (Germany); Hannemann, Lydia

    2013-10-01

    Mounting systems for solar generators must be solid and reliable as long as possible so that they carry the modules. Which material is best? [German] Montagesysteme fuer Solargeneratoren muessen solide sein, damit sie moeglichst lange und zuverlaessig die Module tragen.

  8. Tunne bossanova plaadiümbriselt / Gitte Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Gitte

    2004-01-01

    Kahekorruseline eramu (285 m2), mille merepoolne sein on klaasist. Läbiv idee - silmside loodusega. Arhitekt ja sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets, tema kommentaar. Ill.: I ja II korruse plaan, 13 värv. vaadet

  9. Integrated chemical and biological assessment of contaminant impacts in selected European coastal and offshore marine areas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hylland, Ketil; Robinson, Craig D.; Burgeot, Thierry; Martínez-Gómez, Concepción; Lang, Thomas; Svavarsson, Jörundur; Thain, John E.; Vethaak, A. Dick; Gubbins, Mattew J.

    This paper reports a full assessment of results from ICON, an international workshop on marine integrated contaminant monitoring, encompassing different matrices (sediment, fish, mussels, gastropods), areas (Iceland, North Sea, Baltic, Wadden Sea, Seine estuary and the western Mediterranean) and

  10. Sea Turtle Satellite Telemetry Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Sea turtles captured in various fishing gear (pound nets, long haul seines, gill nets) were outfitted with satellite transmitters so that their movements, migratory...

  11. What is a Natural Conception of the World?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Philipse, H.

    2001-01-01

    Examines competing intellectual strategies used by analytic and Continental philosophers to answer questions pertaining to a natural conception of the world. Natural versus naturalist conception of the world; Transcendental strategy of Martin Heidegger's 'Sein und Zeit'; Aspect of abstraction

  12. Past and present fish species recorded in the estuarine Lake Ichkeul ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... as an over-wintering area for migratory birds, particularly Palaearctic waterfowl. ... of gears, including a dragnet, gillnet, trammelnet, frynet and beach-seine. ... Increasing human pressures, particularly reductions in catchment freshwater ...

  13. Evidence of independent action of neurohypophyseal peptides on osmotic water flow and active sodium transport in the same target organ: studies on RANA esculenta skin and bladder (1961); Arguments en faveur de l'independance des mecanismes d'action de divers peptides neurohypophysaires sur le flux osmotique d'eau et sur le transport actif de sodium au sein d'un meme recepteur: etudes sur la vessie et la peau de RANA esculanta L (1961)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourguet, J; Maetz, J [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    Neurohypophyseal peptides produce on the skin and bladder of certain amphibia simultaneous increases of the passive osmotic permeability to water and active transport of sodium. The present work shows that oxytocin and two of its analogues arginine-8-oxytocin (arginine vasotocin) and lysine-8-oxytocin (lysine vasotocin) may produce the same increase of water permeability, while stimulating in quite different ways the sodium transport. This is the case for both skin and bladder. In other words, there is no correlation between natriferic and hydro-osmotic activities. The results are interpreted as evidence that neurohypophyseal hormones act on not one, as previously assumed, but two targets, inside the same epithelial cell. (author) [French] Les peptides neurohypophysaires produisent simultanement une augmentation de la permeabilite osmotique passive a l'eau, et une stimulation du transport actif de sodium sur la peau et sur la vessie de certains amphibiens. Ce travail montre que l'ocytocine et deux de ses analogues, l'arginine 8-ocytocine (arginine vasotocine) et la lysine-8-ocytocine (lysine vasotocine ) entrainent un accroissement identique de la permeabilite a l'eau, mais stimulent de facon differente le transport de sodium. Ceci est vrai aussi bien pour la peau que pour la vessie. Autrement dit, il n'existe pas de correlation entre les activites natriferique et hydrosmotique. Les resultats suggerent que les hormones neurohypophysaires agissent non sur une seule cible comme on l'avait cru, mais sur deux cibles se trouvant dans la meme cellule. (auteur)

  14. [18F]-FDG imaging with an ''hybrid'' CDET gamma-camera a tool for the detection of breast cancer recurrence; La scintigraphie au [18F]-FDG realisee a l'aide d'une gamma-camera ''hybride'' TEDC, un outil diagnostique performant pour la detection des recidives du cancer du sein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grahek, D.; Montravers, F.; Kerrou, K.; Younsi, N.; Mabille, L.; Zerbib, E.; Achaibou, F.; Beco, V. de; Colombet, C.; Petegnief, Y.; Talbot, J.N. [Hopital Tenon, 75 - Paris (France)

    2001-05-01

    We searched for recurrence of breast cancer after a curative treatment by means of [18F]-FDG imaging using a 'hybrid' gamma-camera with coincidence detection (CDET). The 44 patients whose examinations are currently evaluable were referred either for occult disease (rising blood levels of tumor markers CEA or CA 15.3 without detectable lesions at conventional work-up) in 20 cases or for a recurrence suspected at imaging or assessed histologically in 24 cases. In the first clinical setting FDG-CDET had a 100 % sensitivity (13/13) and a 71% specificity (5/7); in the second clinical setting, the corresponding values were 90% (18/20) and 100% (4/4); globally the values were respectively 94% (31/33) and 82% (9/11). In 11 cases (35%), the recurrence appeared at CDET as an isolated focus, that left open the opportunity of a targeted therapy by radiotherapy or surgery. CDET detection of FDG did allow localisation of occult disease and of foci that were smaller than 10 mm. This modality could develop rapidly (as long as the number of patients referred is not too large) and would allow the clinician to prescribe it as a first line examination in case of rising tumor marker levels, in order to avoid useless imaging procedures in those patients. Its excellent sensitivity and positive predictive value (94%) favours the detection of recurrences at an early stage when they can be treated by a targeted therapy. Concerning detection of bone metastases, FDG-CDET appeared more efficient than conventional scintigraphy (sensitivity at lesion level = 75% versus 44%). (author)

  15. Soil, climate and the environment - an indissociable threesome. Soil carbon and global changes: reciprocal impacts; Carbon in all its forms; Echomicadas, a new tool to analyse carbon 14; Biotransformation of metallic trace elements by soil micro-organisms; Absorption and distribution of metallic elements in plants; Dynamics of metallic contaminants in agricultural systems; Is photo-remediation for tomorrow? Hyper-accumulator plants; Sediments, tell me the Seine history... The complex history of plant feeding by the soil; The environmental analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hatte, Christine; Tisnerat-Laborde, Nadine; Ayrault, Sophie; Balesdent, Jerome; Chapon, Virginie; Bourguignon, Jacques; Alban, Claude; Ravanel, Stephane; Denaix, Laurence; Nguyen, Christophe; Vavasseur, Alain; Sarrobert, Catherine; Gasperi, Johnny; Latrille, Christelle; Savoye, Sebastien; Augusto, Laurent; Conan Labbe, Annie; Bernard Michel, Bruno; Douysset, Guilhem; Toqnelli, Antoine; Vailhen, Dominique; Moulin, Christophe

    2016-01-01

    The articles of this file on the relationships between soils, climate and the environment discuss the reciprocal impacts of soil carbon and global changes with the objective of reduction of greenhouse effect and of increase of carbon sequestration; the various forms of carbon are presented and their properties commented ; a compact radiocarbon system (ECHoMiCADAS) is presented, developed by the Laboratory of sciences of climate and environment (LSCE) and designed for the analysis of carbon 14; an article describes how micro-organisms can play a crucial role in the transformation of soil pollutants by modifying their chemical speciation and thus their toxicity; strategies based on the absorption of metallic trace elements present in the soil to control physiological processes in plants are discussed, with applications to agriculture, food supply and to the environment; researches related to the study of effects of metallic contaminants in agricultural systems are evoked, and the reasons for a slow development of phyto-technologies, notably phyto-remediation, for pollution control and decontamination of soils and liquid media, are explained. Other themes are presented : hyper-accumulator plants which present very high contents of non-essential (As, Cd, Hg, Pb, Se) or essential (Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni) elements, are slowly growing, and display a limited biomass, but could be used for a phyto-extraction of metals from contaminated soils; how analysis and dating of sediments can reveal the presence of contaminants, and therefore give an insight into human activities and regulations, and into their impact on the river; how plants are able to develop strategies in their search for nutrients in different types of soils, even poor ones, and presentation of the various disciplines, methods and techniques used for environmental analysis with their applications to installation and site control, or to the study of pollutant migration

  16. Management of patient with hepatocellular carcinomas by in situ injection of iodine-131 labelled lipiodol solution (Lipiocis) in the Biophysics and Timone APHM University Hospital Central Service; Prise en charge des patients atteints d'hepatocarcinome par injection in situ d'une solution de lipiodol radiomarque a l'iode 131 (Lipiocis) au sein du service central de biophysique et de medecine nucleaire du CHU Timone APHM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sigrist, S

    2008-07-01

    The aim of this work was to determine what are the prognosis factors in term of global expectation of life at patient receiving a treatment by Lipiocis, to estimate the tolerance at this treatment in order to choose patient which will be the best candidates to this treatment and to define more precisely the criteria of patient inclusion and follow-up. A study including 35 patient having received one or several Lipiocis injections between May 2003 and May 2007 has been carried out. The results of this study are given. Lipiocis seems to be a well tolerated treatment which has proved its efficiency. (O.M.)

  17. La mediazione familiare nei casi di affido dei figli/e e violenza domestica: contesto legale, pratiche dei servizi ed esperienze delle donne in Italia / Family mediation in child custody cases and domestic violence: legal context, logic of services and women's experiences in Italy / La médiation familiale dans les cas de garde d’enfants et la violence conjugale : le contexte juridique, les pratiques au sein des services et les expériences des femmes en Italie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariachiara Feresin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available L’applicabilità della mediazione familiare in contesto di violenza domestica (VD è oggetto di discussione. Scopo della ricerca è esplorare il ruolo della mediazione familiare nella gestione degli affidi dei figli in situazione di VD, analizzando le esperienze, conoscenze e significati di differenti attori sociali, quali avvocati, assistenti sociali e donne separate con figli, vittime di VD, e la documentazione inerente. I risultati mostrano che la VD viene occultata durante la mediazione. I professionisti spesso ignorano la VD e di conseguenza applicano la mediazione; ex-coniugi e genitori vengono presentati come distinti; i pattern di potere e controllo agiti dal partner violento durante la relazione continuano in queste occasioni. La mediazione, che dovrebbe essere centrata sul miglior interesse del bambino, si focalizza sul miglior interesse dei padri. I professionisti non conoscono la Convenzione di Istanbul. La sicurezza di donne e bambini/e viene messa a rischio. Le recours à la médiation familiale dans le domaine de la violence conjugale (VC fait l’objet de débats. Cette recherche a pour but d’examiner le rôle de la médiation familiale dans les cas de garde d’enfants en situation de VC, analysant les expériences, les connaissances, les valeurs de différents acteurs sociaux (par exemple, avocats, travailleurs sociaux, femmes séparées avec enfants, victimes de VC ainsi que des documents ad hoc. Les résultats montrent que la VC est dissimulée pendant la médiation. Les professionnels souvent ignorent la VC et par conséquent utilisent la médiation ; ex-conjoints et parents sont par ailleurs présentés sous la forme de deux entités distinctes ; les modèles de pouvoir et de contrôle appliqués par le conjoint violent dans la vie familiale continuent d’être utilisés durant ces occasions. La médiation, qui devrait protéger avant tout l'intérêt de l'enfant, s’adresse au contraire à l’intérêt des pères. Les professionnels ne connaissent pas la Convention d’Istanbul. La sécurité des femmes et de leurs enfants est mise en danger. The family mediation’s applicability in domestic violence (DV cases is discussed. Aim of this research is to explore the role of family-mediation in the management of child custody in DV cases, analysing the experiences and knowledge of different social actors - lawyers, social workers and separated women with children, victims of DV - and legal documents. Results showed that violence against women and children was concealed. Professionals ignore DV and so apply mediation as a rule; ex-spouses and parents are presented as distinct from each other; the perpetrators’ patterns of power and control continue during mediation. Family mediation should be focused on the children’s best interest but it is focused on the fathers’ best interest. Professionals unknown the Istanbul Convention. The safety of children and women was put again at risk.

  18. Contribution to the study of gas and liquid transfers inside damaged concrete walls under thermo-hydric stress: application to confinement buildings in test and accidental conditions; Contribution a l'etude des transferts gazeux et liquide au sein des parois en beton endommagees sous sollicitation thermo-hydrique: application au cas des enceintes de confinement en conditions d'epreuve et accidentelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laghcha, A

    2006-07-15

    The aim of this work is the study of fluid transfers induced by two types of stresses (test of tightness and LOCA-type accident), inside a concrete wall integrating the inhomogeneities and singularities susceptible to be present inside the confinement building of a nuclear reactor. After the study of several types of concretes, based on the permeabilities and types of gas flows involved, the experimental phase has permitted to test at scale 1 (1.3 m thickness) and in test and accidental conditions, a concrete composition which fulfills a representativeness criterion. The modeling part has been carried out using the thermo-hydro-mechanical model of non-saturated porous media, recently embedded inside the Code-Aster of EDF. The synthesis of physical observations and of numerical simulations has permitted to better constrain the different roles of the porous structure, in particular about the transposition between a air flow and a air + steam flow. (J.S.)

  19. The Supreme Allied Commander’s Operational Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    the Seine below Paris , and then began converging toward the northern line of march just below the first. A third line broke off from the second in a...toward the Seine Basin and Paris .” Therefore, in the aftermath of Goodwood Eisenhower felt both disappointed and deceived. After Goodwood, Eisenhower...command. Simultaneously, Bradley’s armies were to “[capture] Brest , [protect] the southern flank of the

  20. »Just cut them up like regular children.« : Eraserhead (USA 1977, David Lynch)

    OpenAIRE

    Höltgen, Stefan

    2010-01-01

    Zwischen 1970 und 1977 entsteht in fünfjähriger Dreharbeit mit Unterbrechungen und unter extrem schwierigen Produktionsbedingungen David Lynchs erster Spielfilm "Eraserhead". Vorbereitet wurde er in mehrfacher Hinsicht durch das Frühwerk des noch jungen Regisseurs. Seine kinetische Skulptur "Six Men getting sick", sowie seine Kurzfilme "The Alphabet" und "The Grandmother" verhalfen ihm nicht nur zu Stipendien (etwa der AFI für "The Grandmother"), sondern etablierten auch ein Motivinventar, au...

  1. Ein Ausblick auf Supply-Chain-Management im Jahr 2016

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wieland, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Wie sieht Supply-Chain-Management im Jahr 2016 aus? Was erwartet uns? Vieles deutet darauf hin, dass SCM in Zukunft sogar noch mehr auf den Kunden gerichtet sein könnte als bisher.......Wie sieht Supply-Chain-Management im Jahr 2016 aus? Was erwartet uns? Vieles deutet darauf hin, dass SCM in Zukunft sogar noch mehr auf den Kunden gerichtet sein könnte als bisher....

  2. Falsche und richtige lexikographische Definitionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergenholtz, Henning

    2005-01-01

    Lexikographische Definitionen sollten wahr sein, man kann dabei relativ leicht die fehlerhaften aussortieren. Das lexikographisch Interessante besteht in Begründungen für die Wahl zwischen mehreren wahren Möglichkeiten.......Lexikographische Definitionen sollten wahr sein, man kann dabei relativ leicht die fehlerhaften aussortieren. Das lexikographisch Interessante besteht in Begründungen für die Wahl zwischen mehreren wahren Möglichkeiten....

  3. OPERATION COBRA. Deliberate Attack, Exploitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-05-25

    to attack Sens, then continue to Troyes , on the Seine River. CCA was in the north, crossing the Loing River at Souppes against light resistance and...advanced from Troyes and prepared positions close to Sens. Under strong artillery support, a task force from CCA (TF Oden) attacked the enemy frontally...movement towards the Seine River on 24 August with an advance toward Troyes . Facing the combat command were what remained of the 51st SS Brigade, light

  4. Sähköinen tilausjärjestelmä. : Case ravintola Prikka.

    OpenAIRE

    Radwan, Riitta-Maria

    2014-01-01

    Seinäjoen ammattikorkeakoulun restonomiopiskelijoiden opetuksen siirtyminen Kauhajoelta Seinäjoelle Framin alueelle toi tullessaan haasteita, koska esimerkiksi opetus- ja tuotantokeittiöitä sekä ravintolasalia restonomien opetuksen käyttöön Framin alueella ei ollut lainkaan. Keittiöille ja ravintolasalille löytyi paikka, ja ne valmistuivat syksyllä 2013 Frami E -rakennuksen 1. kerrokseen. Tuotanto- ja opetuskeittiöt sekä ravintolasali tehtiin laitekannaltaan nykyaikaisiksi. Niiden teknolo...

  5. Connaissances, attitudes et pratiques des prestataires de santé des ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... des prestataires interrogés avaient respectivement une bonne connaissance des facteurs de risque et des moyens de dépistage. Les signes évocateurs et les examens complémentaires nécessaires au diagnostic du cancer du sein étaient connus par 15,3 % des prestataires. La définition du cancer du sein et les moyens ...

  6. Milton Friedman: nicht nur ein 'Monetarist'!

    OpenAIRE

    Leschke, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Milton Friedman war einer der größten Ökonomen des letzten Jahrhunderts. Seine intensive Auseinandersetzung mit dem Keynesianismus und seine Gegenthesen haben die ökonomische Wissenschaft gespalten, aber auch vielfältige Diskussionen befördert. Als streitbarer Verfechter der Marktwirtschaft hat er die Wirtschaftswissenschaft nachhaltig beeinflusst. Martin Leschke würdigt das Lebenswerk Milton Friedmans, der Ende Juli 100 Jahre alt geworden wäre. Milton Friedman was one of the most prominen...

  7. Vom Milch trinkenden Sonnentau (Drosera spec.) zum schlafenden Wassersalat (Pistia spec.): Charles Darwin als Botaniker

    OpenAIRE

    Rutishauser, R

    2009-01-01

    Charles Darwin wird oft nur mit der Evolutionstheorie in Verbindung gebracht. Die vorliegende Arbeit betont Darwins Verdienste bei der Erforschung von Pflanzen. Seine Beobachtungsgabe verbunden mit experimentellem Geschick verhalfen Darwin zu botanischen Entdeckungen, für die wir ihn am 200. Geburtstag ebenso ehren sollten wie für seine mit natürlicher und sexueller Selektion verbundene Evolutionstheorie. Für die Pflanzenzüchtung und damit für die Evolution bedeutsa...

  8. Uses of biogas produced by digestion of wastewater sludge. The SIAAP's experience feedback and projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amosse, S.; Nedelec, R.

    2010-01-01

    The SIAAP, in charge of the purification of the Great Paris wastewaters (8 M inhabitants), handles 2.7 Mm 3 /day. Five wastewater treatment plants permit to dean these wastewaters before they are discharged into the receiving environment: 'Seine Aval' (Acheres, 1,7 Mm 3 /day), 'Seine Amont' (Valenton, 600 000 m 3 /day), 'Seine Centre' (Colombes, 240 000 m 3 /day), 'Seine Gresillons' (Triel-sur-Seine, 100 000 m 3 /day) and 'Marne Aval' (Noisy-Le-Grand, 40 000 m 3 /day). Biogas produced by digestion of sludge provides a part of the energy required by the five sewage treatment works. Energy recovered from biogas have been used by the SAV site since 1940. As soon as the first part of this plant started up, biogas was used as fuel to heat digester, to produce power through biogas engines and to drive blowers. In the 60's and 70's, dual-fuel engines were brought into service, and then in 1992, a gas turbine was installed. Nowadays, a combined heat and power (cogeneration) project is in progress with the installation of two gas turbines, each generating 5 MW. All of these installations had allowed a 70% energetic autonomy ratio on 'Seine Aval' site. Then, new treatment units were introduced. Thus, energy consumption has increased, with only 60 % of energy demands being covered. By 2020, a complete make-over of the 'Seine Aval' plant will be done. This should allow to cover about 70% of energy demands, partly thanks to biogas reuse. New plants are currently being constructed. All of them will include sludge digestion process providing biogas. With the 'Seine Gresillons' plant upgrading, digestion process will occur on site. Biogas will be used in a cogeneration system to produce both electricity (that would be either used on site or sold commercially, this has not been decided by now) and heat for digesters heating. The new 'Seine Moree' plant will be built in the city of Blanc-Mesnil. A partnership with the Syctom (an association in charge of treatment and reuse of the

  9. Investigations performed on the compost worm Eisenia fetida and selected species of earthworms concerning the intake of HCB and pyrene with the goal of deriving a bioaccumulation test; Untersuchungen zur Aufnahme von HCB und Pyren durch den Kompostwurm Eisenia fetida und ausgewaehlte Regenwurmwildarten. Ableitung eines Bioakkumulationstests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vespermann, A.; Riepert, F.; Pflugmacher, J. [Biologische Bundesanstalt fuer Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Inst. fuer Oekotoxikologie im Pflanzenschutz, Berlin (Germany)

    2003-07-01

    The man issues of the studies described were the validation of a test design for the assessment of the bioaccumulation potential of environmental pollutants and the applicability of Eisenia fetida as a model-organism and artificial soil (OECD) as a standard test substrate. The test organisms used were E. fetida of our own breeding stock and Allolobophora caliginosa, Allolobophora chlorotica, Allolobophora longa and Lumbricus rubellus sampled from a field site. Test soils used were the artificial soil (OECD) and a BBA field soil. Soils were each contaminated with 10 mg HCB and Pyrene per soil dry-weight. Within the test period of 4 weeks, samples were taken weekly for residue analysis in the worms and soils. Bioaccumulation factors (AF) calculated for E. fetida and the free-living species were in the range of 10-17 (HCB) and 0.9-1.7 (Pyrene) depending on the soil used. By re-calculation of the concentrations in soil to concentrations in soil water, the resulting bioconcentration factors are compared with published BCF values determined from QSAR's of other worm species and fresh water fish. It could be concluded that the existing earthworm tests (OECD 1984, ISO 1998) represent an appropriate design for testing the bioconcentration potential of chemicals in soil. (orig.) [German] Ziel der beschriebenen Untersuchungen war die praktische Ueberpruefung eines Methodenentwurfs zur Erfassung der Bioakkumulation von Umweltchemikalien mit Eisenia fetida, der Eignung von E. fetida als Modellorganismus und des OECD-Kunstbodens als Standardsubstrat. Als Testorganismen wurden aus eigener Zucht der Kompostwurm Eisenia fetida und nach Feldentnahme Allolobophora caliginosa, Allolobophora chlorotica, Allolobophora longa und Lumbricus rubellus eingesetzt. Testboeden waren der OECD-Kunstboden und ein Boden vom Versuchsfeld der BBA in Berlin-Dahlem. Beiden Boeden wurden die Testsubstanzen Hexachlorbenzol und Pyren in einer Konzentration von 10 mg/kg Bodentrockengewicht zugemischt

  10. STATUS OF SMALL PELAGIC FISHERY IN THE MAKASSAR STRAIT BASED AT THE NORTHERN PART OF JAVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Turni Hartati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The coastal of Makassar Strait is one of main fishing grounds for purse seine vessels from northern part of Java which based at the following landing sites, i.e. Pekalongan, Tegal and Juwana. The purse seine fishery predominantly targets small pelagic fish. This paper attempts to present the current condition of small pelagic fishery in the Makassar Strait. Catch and effort (trip data between 2004 and 2011 from the three landing sites were used to estimate Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY using Schaefer & Fox models. The results showed a decreasing trend in the catch rate, from 30.83 tons/trip in 2004 to 12.27 tons/trip in 2011. The estimated MSY is at the range of 34,705- 37,930 tons with optimum efforts for 2,234-2,500 purse seine trips. Thus the level of purse seine fishing effort in 2011, i.e. 3,078 trips, was exceeding the optimum effort. The decreasing trend in the catch rate may indicate overfishing is occurring between 2004 and 2011. For management of the small pelagic fisheries in the waters of Makassar Strait, important action recommended is fishing effort restrictions. The effort allowed would be only in the range of 2,234-2,500 purse seine trips, and the fishing capacity needs to be controled.

  11. Entretiens avec Tanguy Viel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Nowotnick

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Ausgehend vom Thema, zu dem Tanguy Viel im November 2015 an die Bergische Universität Wuppertal eingeladen wurde: "Un auteur français sur les pistes du roman américain", entwickelt der Autor in einem einleitenden Vortrag seine Ideen zur Intertextualität und zur Intermedialität, kommentiert eingehend seine schriftstellerische Entwicklung, die Entfaltung seines narrativen Werkes sowie den eigenen Schreibprozess. In der sich anschließenden Diskussion, in der sich Tanguy Viel mit Fragen aus dem Publikum auseinandersetzt, geht der Autor detailliert auf seine literarische Verpflichtungen, die Ästhetik und metanarrative Dimension seiner Texte und sein Verhältnis zum Leser ein. Auch die Bedeutung des Verlags Editions de Minuit als Sammelbecken einer bestimmten Ausprägung der literarischen Avantgarde in Frankreich wird beleuchtet. In der Summe eignet sich die Wiedergabe dieser "rencontre littéraire" sehr gut, um sich ein authentisches Bild von dem literarischen Selbstverständnis eines bedeutenden Autors der französischen Gegenwartsliteratur zu machen.

  12. Zwischen Commonsense und Wissenschaft Mathematik in der Erziehungsphilosophie A. N. Whiteheads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sölch, Dennis

    Obwohl Whitehead heute wie selbstverständlich als Philosoph rezipiert wird, so hat er seine wissenschaftliche Laufbahn doch als Mathematiker begonnen. Lange Zeit war er gemeinsam mit Bertrand Russell als Autor der Principia Mathematica unter Mathematikern und mathematischen Logikern deutlich besser bekannt als unter Philosophen. Doch selbst von denjenigen, die sich mit Whiteheads Überlegungen zur Metaphysik, zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte und zur Theologie befassen, werden seine Schriften zur Philosophie von Erziehung und Bildung häufig kaum beachtet. So entgeht es leicht, dass Whitehead nicht nur ein auf theoretischem Gebiet brillanter Mathematiker war, sondern sein theoretisches Fachwissen im Hinblick auf pädagogische und didaktische Relevanz fortwährend reflektiert hat.

  13. Environmental impacts from Danish fish products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thrane, Mikkel

    This dissertation presents an assessment of the environmental impacts from Danish fish products in a life cycle perspective (from sea to table). The assessment is carried out in three steps ? and includes a MECO analysis, a quantitative LCA and a qualitative LCA. The results are used to discuss...... current environmental policies addressing the fishery, landing and auction, the fish processing industry, wholesale, transport, retail, and use.It is concluded that considerable improvement potentials exist in the fishing stage, which also represents the largest environmental impact potential compared....... It is suggested that passive and semi-active fishing methods such as Danish seine, purse seine, gillnet and long line represent a significant improvement potential compared to trawl. And it is shown that the energy consumption can be reduced with a factor 15 by substituting beam trawl with Danish seine...

  14. Kada parašytas vadinamasis Krauzės žodynas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincentas Drotvinas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available WANN WURDE DAS SOGENANNTE WÖRTERBUCH VON KRAUSE GESCHRIEBEN?ZusammenfassungDer Beitrag hat das Ziel, das Entstehungsdatum des sogenannten handschriftlichen deutsch-litauischen Wörterbuches von Krause nachzuprüfen. Bisher besteht die Meinung (J. Lebedys, daß dieses Wörterbuch im 17. Jh. geschrieben worden ist und sein Autor (oder der Besitzer Andreas Krause (gest. 1655 gewesen sein könnte. Mit Hilfe von Wasserzeichenanalyse haben wir aber fest­gestellt, daß das Wörterbuch auf Papier der Papiermühle von Johann Wilhelm Steinmetz (1720— 1749, ehem. Ostpreußen geschrieben worden ist. Da nicht Andreas Krause der Autor dieses Wör­terbuches gewesen sein konnte, müßte man das erwähnte Wörterbuch weiterhin als anonym betrach­ten.

  15. KARAKTERISTIK TEKNIS ALAT TANGKAP PUKAT CINCIN DI PERAIRAN TELUK APAR, KABUPATEN PASER - KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahiswara Mahiswara

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Pukat cincin merupakan salah satu alat tangkap yang dioperasikan nelayan di Perairan Teluk Apar, Kalimantan Timur. Pukat cincin Teluk Apar tergolong pukat cincin jaring lingkar dan menggunakan material sederhana dalam konstruksinya. Penelitian pukat cincin bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik secara teknis. Metode deskriptif-observatif digunakan untuk menghimpun data. Analisis data digunakan untuk menentukan nilai rasio antara daya tenggelam dan daya apung. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa, nilai rasio antara daya tenggelam dan daya apung pukat cincin Teluk Apar adalah 1,68. Penggunaan material polyvynil chloride (PVC dan batu kali, mengurangi efektivitas pukat cincin. Penggunaan material yang tepat (kuningan untuk cincin, timah hitam untuk pemberat, penambahan waktu rendam rumpon dan meningkatkan kemampuan jangkauan daerah penangkapan dapat mengoptimalkan kinerja pukat cincin Teluk Apar.  Purse seine is one of the fishing gear that operated in Teluk Apar water, East Kalimantan. Teluk apar purse seine is categorized a ring net and constructed by using simple materials. The aims of study is to determine the technical characteristics of teluk apar purse seine. Descriptive and observation methods are used to gather data. Analysis of the data used to determine the value of the ratio between the sinking force and buoyancy. The result showed that the ratio between the sinking force and buoyancy of teluk apar purse seine is 1,68. The use of polyvynil chloride (PVC and the stone, reducing the effectiveness of purse seine. The use of appropriate materials (bronze for ring and plumbum for sinker, the addition of FADs soak time and improve the fishing ground coverage can optimize the performance of Teluk Apar purse seine.

  16. Search for the supersymmetric partner of the top quark in the channel stop anti-stop {yields} e{sup {+-}} {mu}{sup {+-}} sneutrino anti-sneutrino b anti-b in D0 experiment at the Tevatron. Calibration of the D0 electromagnetic calorimeter; Recherche du partenaire supersymetrique du quark top dans le canal stop anti-stop {yields} e{sup {+-}} {mu}{sup {+-}} sneutrino anti-sneutrino b anti-b au sein de l'experience D0 aupres du TeVatron. Calibration du calorimetre electromagnetique de D0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendes, A

    2006-10-15

    Symmetry is one of the most natural extensions of the standard model. At low energy it may consist in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model which is the framework chosen to perform the search of the stop with 350 pb{sup -1} of data collected by D0 during the run-IIa period of the Tevatron. We selected the events with an electron, a muon, missing transverse energy and non-isolated tracks, signature for the stop decay in 3 particles (stop {yields} bl sneutrino). Since no significant excess of signal is seen, the results are interpreted in terms of limit on the stop production cross-sections, in such a way that we extend the existing exclusion region in the parameter space (m(stop), m(sneutrino)) up to stop masses of 168 (140) GeV for sneutrino masses of 50 (94) GeV. Finally, because of the crucial role of the electromagnetic calorimeter, a fine calibration was performed using Z {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -} events, which improved significantly the energy resolution. (author)

  17. Search for the supersymmetric partner of the top quark in the channel stop anti-stop {yields} e{sup {+-}} {mu}{sup {+-}} sneutrino anti-sneutrino b anti-b in D0 experiment at the Tevatron. Calibration of the D0 electromagnetic calorimeter; Recherche du partenaire supersymetrique du quark top dans le canal stop anti-stop {yields} e{sup {+-}} {mu}{sup {+-}} sneutrino anti-sneutrino b anti-b au sein de l'experience D0 aupres du TeVatron. Calibration du calorimetre electromagnetique de D0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendes, A

    2006-10-15

    Symmetry is one of the most natural extensions of the standard model. At low energy it may consist in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model which is the framework chosen to perform the search of the stop with 350 pb{sup -1} of data collected by D0 during the run-IIa period of the Tevatron. We selected the events with an electron, a muon, missing transverse energy and non-isolated tracks, signature for the stop decay in 3 particles (stop {yields} bl sneutrino). Since no significant excess of signal is seen, the results are interpreted in terms of limit on the stop production cross-sections, in such a way that we extend the existing exclusion region in the parameter space (m(stop), m(sneutrino)) up to stop masses of 168 (140) GeV for sneutrino masses of 50 (94) GeV. Finally, because of the crucial role of the electromagnetic calorimeter, a fine calibration was performed using Z {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -} events, which improved significantly the energy resolution. (author)

  18. Rapport sur le déroulement de l'expérience sur le double échange de charge des mésons $\\pi^{+} \\pi^{-}$ de 70 MeV/c effectuée les 14-15 mai 1965 au CS du CERN par le Départment de Physique Corpusculaire CRN Strasbourg Utilisation d'un bobinage supra-conducteur niobium-zicornium (dans HE liquide) donnant 42 KG pour aider la détermination du signe des pions au sein des émulsions chargées en lithium isotopique

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva. Emulsion Experiments Committee

    1965-01-01

    Rapport sur le déroulement de l'expérience sur le double échange de charge des mésons $\\pi^{+} \\pi^{-}$ de 70 MeV/c effectuée les 14-15 mai 1965 au CS du CERN par le Départment de Physique Corpusculaire CRN Strasbourg

  19. Lehrbuch Guided Imagery in Music (GIM)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maack, Carola; Geiger, Edith Maria

    Guided Imagery in Music (GIM) ist eine musikpsychotherapeutische Methode, bei welcher der Patient eine Auswahl meist klassischer Musik in einem entspannten Zustand hört und sein Erleben (= Imaginationen) der Therapeutin mitteilt. Theoretische Hintergründe, klinische Anwendung, sowie methodenspezi......Guided Imagery in Music (GIM) ist eine musikpsychotherapeutische Methode, bei welcher der Patient eine Auswahl meist klassischer Musik in einem entspannten Zustand hört und sein Erleben (= Imaginationen) der Therapeutin mitteilt. Theoretische Hintergründe, klinische Anwendung, sowie...

  20. Kunst und Revolution.John Berger und der sowjetische Bildhauer Ernst Neiswestni

    OpenAIRE

    Artinger, Kai

    2011-01-01

    John Berger war einer der einflussreichsten Kunstkritiker der Linken in den 1950er Jahren in Großbritannien. Er spielte eine zentrale Rolle in den Diskursen über die Situation der Kunst und ihre Zukunft. Bezeichnend für sein Kunstverständnis war es, ausgetretene Pfade zu verlassen und den herrschenden Kanon zu ignorieren. Daher erfasste sein Blick auch die osteuropäische Kunst. Seit 1953 besucht er mehrfach die UdSSR und die DDR. Als unabhängiger Marxist lehnte sich Berger an den Strategien...

  1. Mobile Officen sisustussuunnitelma : Rytmikorjaamon liikkuvan ihmisen työpisteet

    OpenAIRE

    Talvitie, Satu

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö käsitteli toimistotilan sisustussuunnittelua luovan tilan konseptilla. Työn tarkoituksena oli antaa selkeä kuva sisustussuunnittelusta, toimistosuunnittelusta ja luovan tilan merkityksestä. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tehdä sisustussuunnitelma Rytmikorjaamon Mobile Officeen. Mobile Office tehdään liikkuvien ihmisten työpisteiksi. Opinnäytetyön toimeksiantajana toimivat Sisustuskeskus Sella, Seinäjoen kaupunki, Selmu Ry ja Seinäjoen teknologiakeskus. Opinnäytetyön teoriaosuud...

  2. Gaming

    CERN Document Server

    Duke, Richard D

    2014-01-01

    Als Richard Duke sein Buch ""Gaming: The Future's Language"" 1974 veröffentlichte, war er ein Pionier für die Entwicklung und Anwendung von Planspielen in Politik, Strategieentwicklung und Management. Das Buch wurde zu einem viel zitierten Standardwerk. 2014 feiert die von Richard D. Duke gegründete International Simulation and Gaming Association (ISAGA) ihr 45-jähriges Bestehen. Gleichzeitig legt Richard D. Duke eine überarbeitete Auflage seines Klassikers vor.   Inhaltsverzeichnis TABLE OF CONTENTSAcknowledgments Preface SECTION I1. The ProblemSECTION II2. Modes of Human Communication3. Mode

  3. Dynamics of Cercospora zeina populations in maize-based agro ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La variation dans le temps au sein d'une population, est fonction de facteurs relatifs à l'écologie, la biologie et l'histoire de vie des pathogènes. Elle varie d'un être vivant à un autre et d'un écosystème à un autre. L'objectif de cette étude était d'évaluer la variabilité génétique au sein des populations de Cercospora zeina ...

  4. Proteste in Venezuela und die Krise des Chavismus

    OpenAIRE

    Mijares, Víctor M.

    2014-01-01

    Seit Wochen demonstrieren in Venezuela Gegner der Regierung von Nicolás Maduro gegen Gewaltkriminalität, Inflation und die Einschränkung bürgerlicher Grundrechte. Die Regierung antwortet mit Repression und lässt einen führenden Oppositionspolitiker verhaften. Venezuela steht vor einem neuen Zyklus der Instabilität. Das während der Präsidentschaft von Hugo Chávez (1999-2013) etablierte sozioökonomische Modell stößt schon im ersten Amtsjahr seines Nachfolgers Nicolás Maduro an seine Grenzen: Ve...

  5. Albert Keding zum 65. Geburtstag

    OpenAIRE

    Pietsch, Torsten

    2014-01-01

    Herr Albert Keding beging am 2. März 1997 seinen 65. Geburtstag. Er wurde in Schreitlacken, Kreis Samland (Ostpreußen) geboren, wo seine Eltern einen Landwirtschaftsbetrieb besaßen. Dort wurde das Interesse des Jubilars zur Landwirtschaft geweckt. So besuchte Albert Keding später in Dassow-Lütgenhof (Mecklenburg) eine Fachschule für Landwirtschaft, wo er seine Vorliebe für Gräser entdeckte. An diese Ausbildung schloss sich ein Landwirtschaftsstudium an der Martin-Luther-Universität in Halle a...

  6. Vergleich von ADEPT2 und BPMN

    OpenAIRE

    Reich, Sandra; Müller, Michael; Hood, Norman

    2013-01-01

    Bei den Sprachen zur Geschäftsprozessmodellierung existieren neben dem weitverbreiteten BPMN noch weniger bekannte Sprachen wie ADEPT. Da BPMN zunehmend zum Quasi-Standard der Geschäftsprozessmodellierung wird, stellt sich zunehmend die Frage um die Daseinsberechtigung für die anderen Sprachen. Sie müssen BPMN in Teilbereichen überlegen sein und auch die Werkzeugunterstützung muss ausgereift genug sein, um mit den gebräuchlichen BPMN-Werkzeugen mitzuhalten. So verspricht ADEPT beispielsweise ...

  7. Jointness through vessel capacity input in a multispecies fishery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Gårn; Jensen, Carsten Lynge

    2014-01-01

    capacity. We develop a fixed but allocatable input model of purse seine fisheries capturing this particular type of jointness. We estimate the model for the Norwegian purse seine fishery and find that it is characterized by nonjointness, while estimations for this fishery using the standard models imply...... are typically modeled as either independent single species fisheries or using standard multispecies functional forms characterized by jointness in inputs. We argue that production of each species is essentially independent but that jointness may be caused by competition for fixed but allocable input of vessel...

  8. Early death and long life in history: establishing the scale of premature death in Europe and its cultural, economic and social significance

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Robert

    2009-01-01

    'Bis zum späten 18. Jahrhundert und auch darüber hinaus war der vorzeitige Tod für die Menschen unabhängig von ihrem sozialen Status eher die Regel als die Ausnahme. Der vorzeitige Tod gab Anlass zu vielfältigen Diskussionen über seine ökonomische und soziale Bedeutung, über unterschiedliche, z.B. religiöse Deutungen und besondere Formen des Gedenkens, über seine kulturelle Repräsentation und politische Instrumentalisierung sowie die Rolle von Ärzten und anderen Berufsgruppen bei der Begrenzu...

  9. Safety of drinking water supplies to suburban Paris: analysis and control of radioactivity at Choisy-le-Roi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rapinat, M.; Philipot, J.M.; Cadet, J.L.

    1990-01-01

    The Syndicat des Eaux d'Ile de France and the Compagnie des Eaux have undertaken several stringent actions, to analyse and control radioactivity at Cholsy-le-Roi, 150 KM downstream from Nogent/s/Seine:- founding in 1985 a new laboratory branch for radioactivity measurement. - adding new elements to the existing alarm network (automatic analysis of the raw water quality). - studies for the treatability of radioelements. - using protected resources (ground water). -set up of a second treated water feeder between the river Seine and the river Marne areas. Others projects are under study, such as the creation of a raw water reservoir and increasing the capacity of treated water stockage. (author)

  10. 33 Erfolgsprinzipien der Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gassmann, Oliver; Friesike, Sascha

    2012-01-01

    Alle Unternehmen wollen innovativ sein, nur wenigen gelingt es. Warum schaffen einzelne Unternehmen echte Durchbr{ü}che, w{ä}hrend die meisten nicht {ü}ber lustlose Me-too-Produkte hinauskommen? Innovation l{ä}sst sich nicht einfach verordnen - aber es gibt Erfolgsprinzipien, denen die besten

  11. Adapting the ADAM Manikin Technology for Injury Probability Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-02-19

    Personnel Caused by Ejection from Navy Aircraft. IN: Medical- Legal Aspects of Aviation. Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, Advisory Group On Aerospace...Gierke, H.E., Kaleps, I. Blodynamic Motion and Injury Prediction. Separata Revista Portuguesa Medicina Militar, 33(1), 1-3 (1985). 926. Vulcan, A.P

  12. 1 Species Diversity and Relative Abundance.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    from beach seine landings along the central coast during the study period. Landing sites were Winneba, Saltpond and Cape Coast. (Fig. 1). Fish identification was done in the laboratory using manuals (Schneider, 1990;. Kwei & Ofori-Adu, 2005). The identifications were to the family and species levels. Various fish species ...

  13. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    4 déc. 2017 ... Cancer du sein chez l'homme: à propos de 40 cas et revue de la ... age was 62 years, the mean consultation time was 12 months, self-exam of a peri- ... 7,5%) et la maladie de Paget a été retrouvé dans 1 cas (soit 2,5%).

  14. Strontium 90 activity in drinking water of Paris area from 1963 to 1972

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jeanmaire, L.; Patti, F.; Gros, R.

    1976-01-01

    Strontium 90 was determined in drinking water of the Southern Paris area from 1963 to 1972. Activities usually below 1pCi/l were related to the Seine river flow and decreased with a half-life of about five years [fr

  15. La correspondance de direction de conscience : écrire pour contester les rôles de genre ? L’exemple d'Henriette de Lestrange (1908-1931)

    OpenAIRE

    Muller , Caroline

    2013-01-01

    International audience; Le parcours d'Henriette de Lestrange par le biais de sa correspondance avec son directeur de conscience : comment la correspondance avec le directeur permet de contester les normes de genre et les rapports de force qui existent au sein du couple, et la place de l'écrit dans ce processus.

  16. Fish Assemblages in Three Northwest Florida Urbanized Bayous before and after Two Hurricanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    A six-year survey (1993 - 1998) is summarized for fish collected from chemically-contaminated, urbanized bayous in northwest Florida. Fifty-two monthly collections (January - November) were conducted by trawls and seines at 22 sites located in three adjacent bayous associated wi...

  17. The biology of Tilapia rendalli and Oreochromis mossambicus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1998-04-07

    Apr 7, 1998 ... ies management is critical to ensure the sustainability of the ... are used for subsistence agriculture by the rural community ... monthly from selected sampling sites in the lake between. October 1995 and September 1996 (Figure 1 l. Fish were col- lected from the dam using 30 m seine nets with mesh sizes of.

  18. Seroprevalence des anticorps anti-HBc chez les donneurs de sang ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'hépatite virale demeure une priorité pour les centres de qualification des produits sanguins labiles au Togo. Objectif: Déterminer la séroprévalence des anticorps anti-HBc au sein des donneurs de sang en vue d'estimer le niveau de risque ...

  19. Renaissance des Mittelalters (Teil 2) : oder Alte Fragen mit Neuen Antworten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    drs. Frans van den Reep

    2014-01-01

    Frans van der Reep widmete sich im ersten Teil seines Kommentars (KM Magazin, Nr. 90, Juni 2014) den überraschenden Parallelen zwischen dem digitalen Heute und dem weit entfernten, mittelalterlichen Gestern. In dieser Ausgabe setzt er dies fort und führt die Gedankenkette hin zu den Ähnlichkeiten

  20. 50 CFR 216.93 - Tracking and verification program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... purse seine fishing, processing, and marketing in the United States and abroad. Verification of tracking... the Agreement on the IDCP. (d) Tracking cannery operations. (1) Whenever a U.S. tuna canning company..., canning, sale, rejection, etc.). (4) During canning activities, non-dolphin-safe tuna may not be mixed in...

  1. Uruguay : tous les projets | Page 5 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Région: Argentina, South America, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, North and Central America, Uruguay. Programme: Emploi et croissance. Financement total : CA$ 352,841.00. Participation sociale à la santé au sein du MERCOSUR. Projet. Avec l'aide du CRDI, l'Instituto de la Salud, Medio Ambiente, Economia y ...

  2. Can Cooperative Management of Tuna Fisheries in the Western Pacific Solve the Growth Overfishing Problem?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bailey, M.L.; Rashid Sumaila, U.; Martell, S.J.D.

    2013-01-01

    Tuna fisheries in the western and central Pacific Ocean are important globally for both food and economic security. Yellowfin and bigeye tuna stocks in this region are declining, in part due to the juvenile bycatch of these species by the purse seine fishery using floating objects and fish

  3. South African shore-angling is primarily recrea- tional, and there has ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spamer

    Inspectorate in the Cape coastal provinces and by the. Natal Parks ..... in the Eastern Cape, general overfishing and beach- seining in the ..... South-Western Cape, with an assessment of the effect of .... Society for Fish Biology: 31–41. Brouwer ...

  4. Usus politicus evangelii

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Ebeling plaas met die formule 'usus politicus evangelii' 'n tema op die tafel waaroor Jürgen. Moltmann en hyself radikaal van mekaar verskil. Ons het wat dié tema betref met 'n egte status. 118.'Denn “usus legis” scheint mir in der Tat eine theologische Begriffprägung Luthers zu sein' (Ebeling. 1967c:62–63). Hoofstuk 8.

  5. 2221-IJBCS-Article-Ngodo Melingui Jean Baptiste

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    données du SIGIF II via Internet. Ce transfert ... Recherche et exploitation documentaire. Composée ... Internet. Phase de terrain: Collecte des données. Marquage physique. Selon le projet .... traçabilité du bois au sein de la STBK a eu des.

  6. Custom Ontologies for Expanded Network Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    for Expanded Network Analysis. In Visualising Network Information (pp. 6-1 – 6-10). Meeting Proceedings RTO-MP-IST-063, Paper 6. Neuilly-sur-Seine...Even to this day, current research groups are working to develop an approach that involves taking all available text, video, imagery and audio and

  7. BPM Column (Business Process Management Column) - No.5

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reichert, M.U.; Rinderle, S.B.; Weber, B.

    Inhaltliche Schwerpunkte dieser Kolumne bilden Arbeiten zu Fehlern in Prozessmodellen und zur Definition von Prozessänderungen. Prozess-Management-Technologie wird in der Praxis nur dann sinnvoll einsetzbar sein, wenn Prozessmodelle fehlerfrei spezifiziert und später auf hoher Abstraktionsebene

  8. Verbraucherpolitik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strünck, Christoph; Reisch, Lucia A.

    2018-01-01

    Verhaltensökonomik, dass eine „sanfte“ Verhaltensbeeinflussung (nudges) sinnvoll sein kann. Die Politikwissenschaft kümmert sich stärker um die kollektiven Interessen von Verbrauchern. Neue Formen der Interessenvermittlung, die Gestaltungsoptionen sozialer Netzwerke sowie Varianten der kollektiven Rechtsdurchsetzung...

  9. Mensch und Maschine in Übersetzungsprozessen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Gyde

    2014-01-01

    gebrauchstauglich sein. In meinem empirischen Projekt zur Erforschung notwendiger Kompetenzen, zum Übersetzen, Revidieren und zum Pre- und Post-Editing, TraREdit, arbeite ich mit den Sprachen Deutsch, Dänisch und Englisch. Trotz offensichtlicher Mängel von Maschinenübersetzungen muss man erkennen, dass diese besser...

  10. Gar nicht so negativ : Die funktionale Rolle von Ärger in sozialer Interaktion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sasse, Julia; Spears, Russell; Gordijn, Ernestine H.

    2016-01-01

    Ärger wird traditionell als negative Emotion klassifiziert. Die Effekte, die Ärger in sozialer Interaktion erzielen kann, können aber durchaus positive sein – es kommt ganz auf die Umstände an. Grundlegend für das Verständnis der Bedeutung von Ärger aber auch anderen Emotionen in sozialer

  11. ÉTUDE DE CAS — Quito, Équateur : Les fermes de Quito, sources d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    agriculture urbaine d'abord mis de l'avant par la municipalité de Quito pour ... mais en mai 2002, AGRUPAR était créée au sein de la Dirección de Desarrollo Humano Sustentable (Division du développement humain durable).

  12. Agent des projets et des partenariats (h/f) | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Gestion de projets. L'agent(e) : fournit un encadrement technique, notamment en analysant les rapports d'étape, en participant à des ateliers, en effectuant des recherches ... travaille et contribue à l'élaboration du plan de travail de la Division et du portefeuille de projets en découlant, au sein de la structure de la DPDA; et.

  13. Diversity of selective and non-selective fishing gear and their impact ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This survey was conducted in Al-Kalakla Fishery (KF) and Jabel Awlia Dam Fishery (JADF) in the White Nile River, Khartoum state to identify the selective and non-selective fishing gear. The results showed the selective fishing gear represented by gill-nets and seine nets (beach nets) in both fisheries with clear variation in ...

  14. Nekton communities in Hawaiian coastal wetlands: The distribution and abundance of introduced fish species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard Ames MacKenzie; Gregory L. Bruland

    2012-01-01

    Nekton communities were sampled from 38 Hawaiian coastal wetlands from 2007 to 2009 using lift nets, seines, and throw nets in an attempt to increase our understanding of the nekton assemblages that utilize these poorly studied ecosystems. Nekton were dominated by exotic species, primarily poeciliids (Gambusia affinis, Poecilia...

  15. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 601 - 650 of 3286 ... Vol 21, No 1 (2015), Complication de prothèse intermédiaire, Abstract ... Wakatou Mama, Gamedzi K Akakpo-Numado, Hubert Tekou ... de Mohammedia (Maroc) concernant le dépistage du cancer du sein, Abstract.

  16. Seasonal size distribution of three-spined stickleback in an intermittent/perennial stream system

    Science.gov (United States)

    To better understand patterns of habitat use by fish in an intermittent stream, we have been investigating the early life history of three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). We collected three-spined stickleback and other fishes using dipnets, seines and minnow traps ...

  17. Three-spined stickleback seasonal size and length-at-age distribution in an intermittent/perennial stream system

    Science.gov (United States)

    We examined the early life history of three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) to better understand fish habitat patterns in an intermittent stream. We collected three-spined stickleback and other fishes using dipnets, seines and minnow traps during the summer 2010 low-...

  18. Vom Dämonischen. Zur politischen Medientheorie des Daniel Suarez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Barberi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Romane des Programmierers Daniel Suarez sind weit mehr als reine Fiktionen. Seine terminatorischen Inszenierungen des Endkampfs zwischen Maschinen und Menschen basieren auf äußerst realen Studien zu derzeitigen (Kriegs-Technologien, die als politische Steuerungsmedien eingesetzt werden.This is a review of Daniel Suarez's books Daemon (2009, Darknet (2011 and Kill Decision (2013.

  19. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    9 juil. 2015 ... Abstract. La gigantomastie juvénile ou hypertrophie mammaire virginale est une augmentation pathologique supérieure à 1500 cm3 du volume des deux seins chez l'adolescente. Elle entraine des répercussions psychologiques et physiques importantes. Les traitements médicaux sont décevants laissant ...

  20. Minimalismist nostalgiaga / Varje Talivee, Piret Veigel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talivee, Varje

    2004-01-01

    Heledate seintega avaras ruumis on värvitud üks sein šokolaadipruuniks, seinale on tõmmatud lai hele triip efektvärviga. Toas on kirju eebenipuu-spooniga laud, punasest siidist lühter, põrandal pärsia vaip jm. 12 ill

  1. Feste Wortgruppen/Phraseologie II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farø, Ken Joensen

    2015-01-01

    In diesem Aufsatz wird eine skizzenhafte Einführung in das Phänomen der festen Mehrwortverbindungen gemacht. Der Gegenstand wird definiert, seine Relevanz dargelegt, und wesentliche begrifflich-terminologische Probleme werden diskutiert, darunter die umstrittenen Kernbegriffe Phrasem und Idiom, die...

  2. Le risque alimentaire: de l'évaluation à la perception

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Claude Fischler est Directeur de recherche au CNRS. Il poursuit au sein du CETSAH (Centre d' études transdisciplinaire-sociologie, anthropologie, histoire) des recherches sur l' alimentation (pratiques, représen-tations, comparaisons transculturelles) et la perception du risque (ESB, OGM, crises alimentaires récentes).

  3. Are African penguins worth saving? The ecotourism value of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... on the availability of sufficient prey, competition with South Africa's purse-seine fishing fleet should be limited through management strategies that lessen the potential effects of fishing on prey available at the local scale. Keywords: economy, investment, revenue, tourists, valuation. African Journal of Marine Science 2012, ...

  4. : tous les projets | Page 39 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Malgré des garanties constitutionnelles, la violence au sein et à l'extérieur du foyer constitue une menace omniprésente et une réalité quotidienne pour une grande majorité de femmes et de filles en Inde. Sujet: VIOLENCE. Région: India. Programme: Governance and Justice. Financement total : CA$ 799,800.00.

  5. Assessing the Impact of Current National Policies to Reduce Salt ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Instituto de la Salud, Medio Ambiente, Economia y Sociedad (ISALUD) a organisé, en 2004 et 2005, deux ateliers régionaux pour discuter de l'utilité et de l&... Voir davantageParticipation sociale à la santé au sein du MERCOSUR ...

  6. Intertidal mangrove boundary zones as nursery grounds for the mud ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the tidal, diurnal and seasonal occurrence of juvenile crabs in three habitats (intertidal-flat boundary zones, inside the mangroves, and in channels) in small creeks (Mida, Kilifi and Mtwapa) and Gazi Bay, on the coast of Kenya. Sampling was done with scoop nets and seining at receding tides and via ...

  7. reformierte dogmatik zwischen konfessioneller bindung und der

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Leidensgeschichten dieser Welt zur Sprache zu bringen. Sein Einfluß auf die dogmatische Theoriebildung bleibt freilich hinter seinem Einfluß auf das allgemeine Problembewußtsein einer bestimmten kirchlichen Öffent- lichkeit zurück. In der Geschichte der evangelischen Dogmatik im 20. Jahrhundert hat die reformierte ...

  8. South of Sahara | Page 35 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    South of Sahara. Sud du Sahara. Read more about Approfondissement des connaissances et renforcement des capacités en matière de sexospécificités au sein du programme ACACIA. Language French. Read more about Acacia Gender Learning and Capacity Strengthening. Language English. Read more about Soutien ...

  9. Arukad asjad võtavad maailmas võimu / Tiiu Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leis, Tiiu

    2009-01-01

    Arukate toodete disainiprojektist. Näited tudengite töödest: vibreeriv padi, vaikne sein, soojendav vest, helineeldematerjalid, valgustundlik kardin, tattoo-printer, helendav sall, riknemist tuvastav pakend, digivanaema, perereliikvia Relic, maksevahend-käevõru Smart-pay

  10. Vom Geheimen und Verborgenen : Enthüllen und Entdecken in der Medizin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nagenborg, Michael; Müller, Sabine; Müller, Melanie; Rosentreter, Michael

    2017-01-01

    Wer den kleinsten Teil seines Geheimnisses hingibt, hat den anderen nicht mehr in der Gewalt, so Jean Paul. Diese Erkenntnis findet sich auch in dem Titel des vorliegenden Bands reflektiert, in dem Aspekte des „Verborgenen“ und „Geheimen“ in der Medizin interdisziplinär untersucht werden. Aus

  11. Kõltsu mõis = Kõltsu Manor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Kõltsu mõisa peahoone restaureerimisest ja sisearhitektuursest lahendusest. Sisearhitektid Ea Andla ja Kaire Kemp-Tišler (SAB ArtAku). Arhitekt Jüri Irik. Vitraažidega lükandseina tegi Valev Sein. Kaminaahju sepistas Heigo Jelle

  12. Jalutuskäik Tallinna galeriides laupäeval, 17. XII / Juta Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Juta, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Jaan Elkeni ja Anu Põdra ühisnäitus "Mina ja tema" Deco galeriis kuni 30. XII. Kristin Kalamehe näitus "Mehed" Tallinna Linnagaleriis kuni 1. I 2006. Alice Kase joonistused Hobusepea galeriis 13.-19. XII. Rita Raave näitus "Vana sein" G-galeriis kuni 31. XII

  13. Schneller befördert werden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Claussen, Jörg; Grohsjean, Thorsten; Luger, Johannes

    2015-01-01

    Karriere: Manager, die in ihrem Unternehmen aufsteigen wollen, stehen häufig vor einem Dilemma: Einerseits sollen sie Teamspieler sein, andererseits aus der Masse hervorstechen. Eine Studie zeigt, wie sich dieser Widerspruch auflösen lässt....

  14. Kindlusvilla Pirital = Fortress-villa in Pirita

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kahe mahuga villa 250 m2): tänava pool on ühekorruseline must kuup, millega risti asetseb valge kahekorruseline kast. Üks sein on paekivist. Arhitekt Sten Ader. Sisearhitektid: Sten Ader, Triin Metsaviir. Projektbüroo: SKAD Arhitektid. Valmis: 2007. 2 plaani, 3 värv. välisvaadet, sisevaade

  15. Eine neue Tornaria aus dem Ostindischen Archipel (Tornaria Sunieri)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stiasny, G.

    1921-01-01

    Da aus dem malayischen Archipel durch die Siboga-Monographie Spengels (2) zwar eine Anzahl Enteropneusten, jedoch nur eine einzige Tornaria bekannt worden ist, war anzunehmen, dass noch andere Tornarien in diesem Gebiete nachzuweisen sein würden. Von dieser Erwartung ausgehend wandte ich mich an

  16. Iluravi või totaalne muutumine / Madle Mühlbach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mühlbach, Madle

    2008-01-01

    Maal asuva eramu uuest sisekujundusest. Sisearhitekt Aivar Mühlbach. Elutoa põrand on tammelaudadest, trepitagune sein ja tualettruumi seinad on kaetud kuldkollase looduskiviga. Köögist eraldatud elutoas on firma Mang kaarekujuline diivan, Poul Henningseni disainitud valgusti Artichoke jm. 13 värv. vaadet

  17. Omapärased lubadused tekitasid küsimusi / Marko Suurmägi, Gert Kiiler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurmägi, Marko, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Valik Viljandi linna puudutavatest valimislubadustest koos kandideerijate Tarmo Looduse (Isamaaliit), Andres Nuut (Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond), Kalle Jents (Reformierakond), Mart Salumäe (Kodune Viljandi), Hillar Sein (Ettevõtlik Viljandi), Karl Õmblus (Keskerakond), Valentine Alvre (Kristlik Rahvapartei) ja Rahvaliidu kommentaaridega. Tabel: Lubadused

  18. Partenaire d'affaires en ressources humaines (h/f) | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    à-d. des solutions de recrutement et de dotation) au sein du portefeuille de clients ... à la promotion et à la mise en oeuvre de la stratégie de gestion des talents en ... les politiques et lignes directrices ainsi que les valeurs de dotation et les lois ...

  19. Job Satisfaction in the Coastal Pelagic Fisheries of Senegal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sall, Aliou

    2012-01-01

    The marine fishery in Senegal, West Africa, is a major source of employment and food security. It currently faces the consequences of ecological degradation. This paper examines job satisfaction among small-scale purse seine fishers, who constitute one of the dominant fishing metiers in Senegal. The research sample consists of 80 purse seine…

  20. Büroohoone kui elus mäng / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2005-01-01

    Arvutimämgust inspireeritud Martin Aunini projekteeritud büroohoonest Tetris Tallinnas Mustamäel Mustamäe tee 46. 2005. a. valminud hoone fassaadid teeb eriliseks lasuurvärvidega rohe-kollaseks värvitud betoon. Projekteerija: EA Reng. Konstruktor: IB Pike. Infograafika: Andres Rohtla. Kommenteerivad M. Aunin ja Värvistuudio Parem Sein juhataja Margus Pootsmaa