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Sample records for medium companies importancia

  1. Importance of the PyMES in the national development and in the project. Qualification and consultancy for the intelligent use of the energy in the micro, small and medium companies; Importancia de las Pymes en el desarrollo nacional y el proyecto. Capacitacion y consultoria para el uso inteligente de la energia en las micros, pequenas y medianas empresas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Diaz, Luis [Presidente del Consejo Directivo Nacional ATPAE, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    This document presents the complete structure of the program Qualification and consultancy for the intelligent use of the energy in the micros, small and medium companies. This program offers opportunities to increase the competitiveness of your company. In order to carry it out the Secretaria de Economia with support of the Asociacion de Tecnicos y Profesionistas en Aplicacion Energetica,(ATPAE) destined resources originated from contributors' taxes for the granting of the PyME funds. [Spanish] Este documento presenta la estructura completa del programa Capacitacion y consultoria para el uso inteligente de la energia en las micros, pequenas y medianas empresas, el cual brinda oportunidades para aumentar la competitividad de tu empresa. Para llevarlo acabo la Secretaria de Economia con apoyo de la Asociacion de Tecnicos y Profesionistas en Aplicacion Energetica, (ATPAE) destino recursos provenientes de los impuestos de los contribuyentes para el otorgamiento de los apoyos del fondo Pyme.

  2. Sales strategy in small and medium-sized food companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Renate; Stacey, Julia; Andersen, Lone Merete Schreiber

    2002-01-01

    All managing teams know that they have to deal with the company's strategy in handling the market. But how do they do it and on the basis of which beleifs and interpretations? A nearly completed PhD project has examined the way in which three small and medium-sized food companies define...

  3. The Strategist of Micro, Small and Medium Brazilian Private Company

    OpenAIRE

    Fontes Filho, Joaquim Rubens; Nunes, Geraldo Sant Anna

    2010-01-01

    The importance of micro, small and medium size companies (MSMC) to the economical development and job creation in the country hasn’t found parallel with respect to the production of theories in the strategy field, even considering the limited capacity of action of the MSMCs and the idiosyncrasies of their leaders. This article seeks to contribute to the understanding of the strategy formation processes in these companies by the nature of the strategic thinking of their strategists, having as ...

  4. Ecolabel and ecodesign. Aims impossible for small and medium companies?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luciani, R.; Andriola, L.; Masoni, P.

    2000-01-01

    It is commonly held by now that a policy of sustainable development in the production sector cannot be faced in terms of simply reducing the environmental impact at the end of the production chain but should be imprinted with a preventive approach which, intervening on the production cycles and the products themselves, helps minimize pressure on the environment. To be competitive manufacturing industry must contribute a determinant amount to sustainable development by reducing the material content of products and increasing their use value, through processes and products-services that are innovative, safer, cleaner and based on a low use of natural resources. To be effective and avoid merely shifting the problem, this work should not be aimed at the level of individual plants or industries but be broadly planned, taking into account the entire value chain and hence the product's whole life-cycle. In addition, support should be given to small and medium-sized companies that characterize Italian production, because they find it hard to use the tools of a product policy originally ideated for big business [it

  5. The contexts of implementing the enterprise resource planning system : in small and medium company

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Haicheng

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to discover the feasibility of the enterprise resource planning system (ERP) in small and medium companies (SMEs). In this thesis, the researcher will analyze the small and medium companies; adopt the environment, risk and ERP implementation life cycle. And study case, researcher will also compare the ERP system implementing in two different size companies. These can be important parts in the thesis. The cases are from Finnish brew manufacture group-Hartwall and ...

  6. Small and medium size companies competiveness in Croatian regional framework

    OpenAIRE

    Zlatan Fröhlich

    2013-01-01

    Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) represent an important part of the Croatian economy. In 2011 SMEs achieved a share of 50.2% of gross domestic product (GDP), 65.5% of employment and 42% of Croatian exports. In the paper will be elaborated importance of the small and medium enterprise sector in Croatia as well as presented institutional and legislative framework for the small and medium enterprise sector in Croatia and describe distribution of competences for making policy decisions related...

  7. Does Technology Transfer Help Small and Medium Companies? Empirical Evidence from Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dae-Hwan Kim

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available We challenge the view that technology transfer from big companies to small and medium (SM size companies helps SM companies to prosper. With a large dataset of SM companies in Korea, we utilize the stochastic production frontier (SPF model to examine the productivity of inputs and the generalized linear model (GLM to compare business performance between two groups of SM companies: SM companies that receive technology transfer and those that do not receive technology transfer from big companies. The empirical results demonstrate that the transfer of technology from big companies to SM companies help SM companies to enjoy productivity of capital. Nonetheless, SM companies receiving technology transfer were found to underperform in terms of labor productivity and profit margin compared to their counterparts. We further investigate the reasons why SM companies receiving technology transfer from big companies underperform relative to their counterparts, and our findings shows that the former do not export much of their product and face more difficulties such as lower price for their products imposed by big companies than the latter. By identifying the negative rather than the conventionally assumed positive effect of technology transfer, this paper contributes to the literature on the relationship between technology transfer and SM companies’ prosperity in the case of Korea. Our findings have important implications for how SM companies should strategize and rethink about the clauses embedded in the transfer of technology that they receive from big companies because technology transfer plays as a barrier to their prosperity.

  8. E-commerce in small and medium companies in the Republic of Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Heri Bezić; Astra Gašparini; Lidija Bagarić

    2009-01-01

    Fast progress of information-communication technology, distribution of computer networks and wider usage of Internet are basis for the new industrial revolution. Therefore, e-commerce presents new possibility of gathering competitive advantages on the world market, especially for small and medium companies. In order to determine the current stage of electronic readiness and electronic intensity of using the e-commerce in small and medium companies in Croatia, there was a research carried thro...

  9. Medium range production planning of "Tacer" company: a case study

    OpenAIRE

    Süer, Burak

    1994-01-01

    Ankara : Department of Management and the Graduate School of Business Administration of Bilkent University, 1994. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 1994 Includes bibliographical references. In order to foresee the potential problems related with production, a production plan is undertaken for the year 1994. Product classification is determined according to the annual sales volume of the company "Tacer". A production schedule is prepared in relation with the forecast d...

  10. Product development practice in medium-sized food processing companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harmsen, Hanne

    Market orientation has in numerous empirical NPD-studies been identified as critical for success. However, this study reveals a severe gap between the normative implications regarding market orientation and current product development practice in number of Danish food-processing companies. Through...... an action-research project it is attempted to increase the level of market orientation. Results show that market orientation can be improved, but that the change process is difficult and time-con and improvements rather incremental. Implications of results include a questining of the possibility...... of an almost automatic application of normative results, which often seems to be presumed in NPD-research....

  11. E-commerce in small and medium companies in the Republic of Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heri Bezić

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Fast progress of information-communication technology, distribution of computer networks and wider usage of Internet are basis for the new industrial revolution. Therefore, e-commerce presents new possibility of gathering competitive advantages on the world market, especially for small and medium companies. In order to determine the current stage of electronic readiness and electronic intensity of using the e-commerce in small and medium companies in Croatia, there was a research carried through micro, small and medium companies on national level. Although the acceptance of Internet technologies and implementation of e-commerce ensures to small and medium companies to compete on the world market with large companies and to have efective infuence on their growth and development, the research showed that Croatian micro, small and medium companies, despite of their high level of electronic readiness and implementation of modern information-communication technologies, are not favorable in their usage in everyday business. It is necessary to figure out the universal model to remove barriers for implementation and acceptance of e-commerce.

  12. POSSIBILITIES OF FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO SMALL AND MEDIUM HOTEL COMPANIES IN SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoljub Barjaktarovic

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:Small and medium hotel companies in the majority of developed tourist countries have dominant role in hotel industry. The same situation is with Serbia. An important precondition for successful business of a hotel is accepting and applying basic pillars of marketing concept i.e. satisfying needs and expectations of guests inorder to achieve profit. Small hotel companies have specific problems in their daily business. Top priority in management and surviving of hotels is cash, because fixed costs are very dominant so hotels earmark more resources for them than for marketing. This means higher engagement and involvement of the state in furtherdevelopment of small and medium hotel companies in Serbia. The state should provide favourable subsidized credit lines for small and medium hotel companies in Serbia, through appropriate support programmes.

  13. Analysis of technological innovation strategy for small and medium companies of the aeronautical sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Barbosa de Moraes

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The inherent risk in high-tech activity requires the construction of technological strategies that serve global strategy of the company. The present study aimed to characterize the technological position of small and medium technology-based companies of the aeronautical sector located in the Vale do Paraíba, and to examine whether these companies have a technological strategy formalized and disseminated. The adopted methodology was a descriptive exploratory research, carried out through in-depth individual interviews conducted with the small e medium company’s owners of the cities of Caçapava, São José dos Campos and Taubaté, Brazil. The authors concluded that it is necessary that companies, especially small and medium-sized, adopt a technological innovation strategy integrated with the company’s overall strategy. This will help keeping them competitive within their specificities, and not only in the domestic market, but also in international markets.

  14. The Concept of Sustainability in View of Micro, Small and Medium Brazilian Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Meirelles , Claudio ,; Sacomano , José ,; Papalardo , Fabio

    2014-01-01

    Part 1: Knowledge-Based Sustainability; International audience; The present moment in enterprises scenario show a triple crisis in financial, ecological and social aspects, forcing companies to revise their strategy to make a stand with sustainably in the market. Micro, small and medium organizations (MSMEs) are 99% of companies in the world, main source of employment and are having difficulties to adapt to this moment because of the lack of public policies, knowledge and innovation capacity....

  15. Graduate Student in Engineering, Hoped by Owners of Medium-and Small-Sized Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kida, Yoshihiro

    Medium-and small-sized companies have held up Japanese technologies which situated top level in the world as far. However, for the technologies of medium-and small-sized companies to keep the top-level in the 21 centuries, researchers and engineers are demand to have high technologies. Those engineers are hoped for to have not only “knowledge”, but also “creativity, feeling and experience”. Therefore, in order to create such professional engineers, educational institute must have a function by which a practical training and education can be conducted.

  16. Capital structure in medium-sized companies in Department of Boyacá, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Fernando Mejía Amaya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The study of capital structure is one of the financial topics of greatest impact, since among the theories that attempt to explain it,has not yet reached a consensus on the determinants and the behavior of funding decisions in companies. Research on the behavior of capital structure in small and medium size companies, is even more complex issue, since traditional models are mainly applicable to trade on the capital markets or in public interest companies. For this work midsize companies were selected, in the Department of Boyacá in Colombia as study population, applying a model that has been used in similar cases in other countries, in the study has empirically demonstrated preference for equity financing rather than debt, which in turn was preferred by companies with greater volatility in profitability and fastest growing.

  17. Different ways to organize the processes of financial administration : a field study of medium-sized Finnish companies

    OpenAIRE

    Nummela, Maria

    2011-01-01

    This research concentrates on exploring the ways how financial administration is currently organized in medium-sized companies in Finland. Decentralization, centralization and outsourcing are options that are available to different-sized companies. The study was executed as a field study in seven medium-sized Finnish companies that represent different branches. Furthermore, the research method was qualitative theme interview. As large companies have already established their financial service...

  18. Earnings quality across different reporting regimes: listed, large private, medium-sized, small and micro companies in the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, SIMING; Skerratt, L

    2017-01-01

    Purpose – Since the UK Companies Act 1981, different reporting standards have developed for different classes of company to reduce the reporting burden on non-listed companies. There are now different regimes for listed, large private, medium sized, small, and micro companies. This strategy raises the issue of whether earnings quality across the different classes of company is comparable. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses the smoothness of earnings to measure reporting qualit...

  19. Knowledge management in small and medium-sized companies; Wissensmanagement bei kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basu, M. [Netzwirtschaft, EWR Netz GmbH, Worms (Germany); Neises, C. [Regulierungsmanagement, regionetz GmbH, Dueren (Germany)

    2008-12-15

    Knowledge management has now also reached the energy economy, as first branch-specific seminars show. This awakening interest is very much to be welcomed, although until now it has been more the representatives of large energy companies who have made themselves heard. Public utilities, which as a rule are subsumed under the category ''small and medium sized company'', have other possibilities as well as limitations than large corporations when it comes to knowledge management. The present article explains what knowledge management is and how public utilities and regional supply companies can identify and make practical use of opportunities available to them through knowledge management while giving due consideration to their structural characteristics.

  20. Improved Cost Management at Small and Medium Sized Road Transport Companies: Case Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoltan Bokor

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium sized road freight transport companies located in Hungary are facing strong competition on the logistics market. An advanced cost management system supporting decisions on capacity allocations or pricing may be a competitive advantage for them and indirectly for the whole economy as well. Still, they generally apply simple, traditional cost calculation regimes, potentially sufficient in case of a homogeneous service portfolio. Nevertheless, road haulage companies with heterogeneous service structures may witness information distortions when using traditional costing methods. So it might be recommended for them to introduce better costing principles. To support an improved transport costing, a multi-level full cost allocation model has been set up and tested in this paper. The research results have pointed out that such a methodological development accompanied by the extension of the data collection mechanism can contribute to making the cost management systems of road freight transport companies more effective.

  1. Evaluation of satisfaction of users of erp systems in medium clothing confection companies in Fortaleza

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    Francismilton Teles

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the tools that help increase the competitiveness in small and medium companies is the use of ERP (Enterprise Resources Planning, which, when used properly, assist in planning, management and control. It is very important to check the success of such systems in companies and one of the most widely accepted means of analyzing them is by evaluating the satisfaction of its users. This paper assess the satisfaction of users of ERP systems in medium manufacturing clothing in Fortaleza, one of the largest centers of clothing confection from Brazil. The method used was the Survey Research, though which 117 users were interviewed in 25 companies and followed the evaluation model customized by Ely (2010, which are evaluated quantitatively the satisfaction of end users and key users of an ERP system. The results show, in general, users are satisfied with the ERP systems implemented. It was also verified by multivariate analysis, the model used was appropriate to the context of medium enterprises, because the statistical tests (Cronbach’s alpha, Bartlett’s Sphericity and KMO scores were very reliable.

  2. MACROECONOMIC CLIMATE AND THE SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZE COMPANIES IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Rădulescu

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium size companies (SMEs represent the engine of the economy in the member states of the European Union. In Romania, SMEs entered the post-crisis cycle in 2013 after a severe adjustment process under the impact of the Great Recession. The economic performance of SMEs is strongly influenced by the macroeconomic climate. The important role of SMEs in the economy has determined the Romanian government to implement several measures in order to support their activity. The present paper highlights the mid-term macroeconomic outlook for Romania, as well as the recent developments related to SMEs, along with the main measures implemented by the Government over the past years in order to support the development of these companies.

  3. Implementing Lean Manufacturing in Malaysian Small and Medium Startup Pharmaceutical Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Wan Mohd Khairi bin Wan; Rahman, Mohamed Abdul; Abu Bakar, Mohd Rushdi bin

    2017-03-01

    Domestic pharmaceutical industry has been identified by the Malaysian government as an industry to be developed under its 11th economic development plan. Most homegrown pharmaceutical companies fall under the category of small and medium enterprises (SME) and therefore need to be highly efficient in their operations to compete with the multinationals. Though lean manufacturing is a well-known methodology to achieve an efficient operation, only a small percentage of the local SMEs implement it. The study aims to determine the real success factors in lean implementation through systematic review of relevant literature on lean manufacturing implementation in local companies, onsite observation of a selected SME company, Global Factor Sdn. Bhd. (GFSB), that successfully implemented lean manufacturing followed by actual implementation of lean project at IKOP Sdn. Bhd., a small startup pharmaceutical company. Lean tools like Gemba, value stream map (VSM) and spaghetti diagram were used to analyze and improve a process at IKOP Sdn. Bhd. The literature review showed that the implementation of lean manufacturing at Malaysian SMEs involved in pharmaceutical industry is at its infancy. Study at GFSB indicated that successful implementation of lean manufacturing stems from management support, employee’s commitment, government support and knowledge on lean among employees. Application of lean tools in IKOP Sdn. Bhd. to improve the process cycle efficiency of hand sanitizer, i-Hand 4.0, has shown that the GMP guidelines are not jeopardized. The Kaizen improvement project resulted in 46.3% reduction in lead time. It may be concluded that implementing lean manufacturing in any small local startup pharmaceutical company is beneficial in reducing operational costs and increasing the efficiency and effectiveness and does not conflict with the existing GMP guidelines.

  4. The administration and the environmental behavior of the small and medium industrial companies: The case of a city of Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guzman Ramos, Aldo; Fernandez, Guillermina

    2001-01-01

    The present article approaches the subject of the management and the environmental behavior in the industrial activity, especially in the small and medium companies, a city of Argentina. It is considers that the environmentalist strategies can be a possible exit to the socioeconomic and environmental crisis, but single for the great companies; since the rest of the companies presents/displays serious difficulties (economic, social, psychological, etc.) in order to initiate a sustainable industrial development

  5. A comparison of workplace safety perceptions among financial decision-makers of medium- vs. large-size companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yueng-Hsiang; Leamon, Tom B; Courtney, Theodore K; Chen, Peter Y; DeArmond, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    This study, through a random national survey in the U.S., explored how corporate financial decision-makers perceive important workplace safety issues as a function of the size of the company for which they worked (medium- vs. large-size companies). Telephone surveys were conducted with 404 U.S. corporate financial decision-makers: 203 from medium-size companies and 201 from large companies. Results showed that the patterns of responding for participants from medium- and large-size companies were somewhat similar. The top-rated safety priorities in resource allocation reported by participants from both groups were overexertion, repetitive motion, and bodily reaction. They believed that there were direct and indirect costs associated with workplace injuries and for every dollar spent improving workplace safety, more than four dollars would be returned. They perceived the top benefits of an effective safety program to be predominately financial in nature - increased productivity and reduced costs - and the safety modification participants mentioned most often was to have more/better safety-focused training. However, more participants from large- than medium-size companies reported that "falling on the same level" was the major cause of workers' compensation loss, which is in line with industry loss data. Participants from large companies were more likely to see their safety programs as better than those of other companies in their industries, and those of medium-size companies were more likely to mention that there were no improvements needed for their companies. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Key Supplier Relationship Management: The Case of Croatian Medium-Sized and Large Manufacturing Companies

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    Dario Miočević

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The key supplier relationship management represents a vital organizational process. Companies should pay attention not only to managing customer relationships but also to managing relationships with suppliers in order to perform well. They should identify the extent to which a certain supplier adds value through the procurement process. In this line of reasoning, both theory and practice make a distinction between strategic (key and non-strategic (transactional suppliers. By employing the segmentation of the supply market, companies balance their supplier portfolio and are capable of identifying the key suppliers. They can also develop specific programs and initiatives that are aimed at preserving these relationships. In the empirical part of the paper, a survey was conducted on a sample of 123 medium-sized and large Croatian manufacturing companies. The structural model involving the relationship between the key supplier relationship management and value-oriented purchasing was tested. The results indicate that there is a statistically direct, positive and significant relationship between these two constructs. Likewise, the results stress that a theoretical conceptualization and operationalization of the key supplier relationship management construct is both valid and justified. Finally, the theoretical and practical implications and limitations of this study are offered.

  7. SIX SIGMA METHODOLOGIES: IMPLEMENTATION AND IMPACTS ON PORTUGUESE SMALL AND MEDIUM COMPANIES (SMES

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    Luis Fonseca

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Six Sigma is a disciplined approach for dramatically reducing defects and producing measurable financial results (Anand, 2006; Linderman et al., 2003. It should not be a simple statistical tool, but rather a strategic management approach by supporting key projects aligned with the business goals and customer requirements. Although associated with considerable Return on Investments, there is not enough evidence of Six Sigma application within Portuguese companies. It is the aim of this exploratory research to study Six Sigma utilization by Portuguese Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs. The descriptive analysis and the statistical tests carried out, point to lack of knowledge with this Methodology (Higher at Top Management level and a sense of comfort with the existing management systems (mainly ISO 9001. The authors recommend increasing Six Sigma training and education and additional studies to gather further knowledge and contribute to more competitive and sustainable organizations.

  8. [Evaluation of a grant program for improving health and safety in small and medium companies in Andalusia (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrillo Castrillo, Jesús Antonio; Onieva Giménez, Luis; Ruiz Frutos, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate a grant program for the development and support of occupational safety projects in small and medium companies (SMC) in Andalusia. The analysis includes data and results of the program between 2006 and 2008. We analyzed the program characteristics in terms of budget, proposals submitted and projects financed. The views of participating companies regarding the program were evaluated through a voluntary and anonymous postal survey. Occupational injury rates in 2006 and 2007 in a subgroup of companies that had obtained a grant in 2006 were calculated. Public investment in the program (> 17 million euros) covered 44% of the investment in occupational health projects proposed by participating companies. Nearly 50% of the projects presented received grant funding. The survey was completed by 573 companies (24% of the submitted questionnaires). Among grantee companies, 89% considered the investment to have been effective and 87% considered that working conditions in the company had improved. Most of the companies (>90%) considered that lack of economic resources is an obstacle for prevention activities and that these kinds of public subsidies are necessary. Occupational injury rates decreased between 2006 and 2007 (incidence rate 0.93; 95%confidence interval, 0.78-1.11). The grant program was viewed positively by participating companies and was accompanied by a reduction of occupational injury rates among grantee companies. These programs should incorporate evaluation criteria and indicators in their design. Copyright belongs to the Societat Catalana de Seguretat i Medicina del Treball.

  9. ANALYSIS OF THE COMPETITIVE MANAGEMENT OF THE SMALL AND MEDIUM COMMERCIAL COMPANIES OF ESMERALDAS, REPUBLIC OF THE ECUADOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Ruvin Quiñónez-Cabeza

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the competitive administration of the small and medium companies of the smallest trade of Emeralds, Republic of the Ecuador. The different companies related with activities are studied that have discharge it demands in the local population. In this sense, an empiric study has been developed through 344 surveys and personal interviews carried out proprietors, administrators and workers. Finally, the most outstanding revelations in this empiric work are commented, standing out those important barriers that limit the competitiveness of the studied companies

  10. Marketing Strategy Implementation: A Study of Small and Medium Companies in Indonesia

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    Asmai Ishak

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available A good marketing strategy does not always necessarily lead to successful marketing performance in an organization. It depends on how marketing people translate the strategy into action. A well formulated, but badly implemented strategy, will be effective (do the right things, but not efficient (do things right. While correct implementation of a badly formulated strategy will be efficient, but not effective. Firms need both effectiveness and efficiency to optimize their performance. This study, based on existing literature, identified a list of activities concerning the marketing strategy implementation, and investigated their nature in the process of the strategy implementation among small and medium companies in Indonesia. A tested structured questionnaire was used as a guidance in interviewing marketing managers -the respondents of the study. A total of 76 completed questionnaires were collected. Factor analysis was used to extract, if any, key dimensions across the data. This analysis resulted into four fundamental factors underlying 16 activities in marketing strategy implementation, namely commitment, consensus, evaluation and control, autonomy, and two factors representing 8 marketing performance that are financial, and strategic performances. Subsequently simple regression was performed to examine the impact of the four factors on the marketing performance. The study findings suggest that evaluation and control has greatest impact either on financial performance or strategic performance, followed by autonomy. Even though commitment and consensus influence the marketing performance, but their influences are not statistically significant.

  11. How internal processes benefit from IT investments and therefore enhance company's competitiveness - A case study of Slovenian small and medium sized companies

    OpenAIRE

    Habjan, Andreja; Popovic, Ales

    2007-01-01

    In the paper we presented a case of how IT impacts business process change and how can this enhance competitiveness. The case deals with implementation of internal server for use of documentation exchange in Slovenian small and medium sized companies and provides a framework of key factors of followed changes in inter processes that enabled better competitive position of the organizations taking part of the study. publishersversion published

  12. Importance and performance evaluation tools for small and medium companies: critical analysis of national versus international literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro César Bortoluzzi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to map the importance and performance evaluation tools for small and medium companies. This descriptive and qualitative study analyzed 33 national articles and 21 international ones. Regarding the importance of performance evaluation for small and medium companies, the literature highlights: (i it increases the success of the network; (ii it is useful for management; (iii it strengthens competitiveness; (iv it consolidates cooperation; and, (v it increases trust among partners. Comparing the national versus international literature on the importance of performance evaluation for small and medium companies, it can be noticed similar and complementary aspects, that is, there is not disagreement between the authors. The authors use tools consolidated in the literature, such as Balanced Scorecard; Benchmarking; Performance Prism and tools proposed specifically to evaluate small and medium networks. The main dimensions evaluated are: (i exchange of information; (ii value management in networks; (Iii level of network maturity; (iv benefits of collaboration; (v social capital; (vi collective efficiency; (vii network life cycle; (viii efficiency and inefficiency of the networks; and, (ix existence and intensity of the relationship between partners. The critical analysis regarding the performance evaluation concept adopted in the present study shows that the tools proposed or implemented to evaluate small and medium business networks have gaps in the process to identify criteria, measure ordinal and cardinally, integrate and generate actions of improvement.

  13. Innovation through Coopetition: An analysis of small- and medium-sized trust companies operating in the Liechtenstein financial centre

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    Sascha Kraus

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Coopetition has received increasing attention in the academic literature. Prior research has examined the benefits and risks of coopetition as well as its potential impact on innovation in many different contexts, including large companies and manufacturing industries. Surprisingly, despite the omnipresence of small- and- medium-sized enterprises (SMEs and the growing relevance of service industries, coopetition in these contexts has not yet been widely explored. This study seeks to broaden the present understanding of coopetition by finding an answer to the research question “How do small- and medium-sized trust companies apply coopetition in the Liechtenstein trust industry and how can this strategy facilitate innovation?” As such, the presented work investigates the application of coopetition by small- and medium-sized trust companies operating in the Liechtenstein financial centre. The qualitative expert interviews with major actors in the Liechtenstein trust industry reveal that coopetition is a frequently applied business strategy among Liechtenstein trust companies, members of the Liechtenstein financial centre and international competitors. The trustees’ conservative attitude, however, is found to be a typical barrier to coopetition, since it induces trustees to give priority to the protection of their own business. Nevertheless, coopeting partners recognise their ability to derive crucial benefits from their cooperative interactions with rival organisations in terms of possibilities to share resources, costs and know-how. Moreover, coopetition enables coopetitors to innovate their current business models.

  14. Modern methods of evaluation existing suppliers and suppliers selected by customer for small and medium-sized companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Jurová

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available On existing conditions on global market (almost identical quality, almost identical purchasing values companies have to definite the total rating of importance of evaluative criteria. In post-crisis period the problem of suppliers’ evaluation is one of the biggest, because companies had to use all resources and all possibilities to develop their own business. Many authors wrote about collaborative planning and warehousing as one of possibilities to optimization work inside supply chain. For this paper define small and medium-sized enterprises (SME as enterprises with the size of maximum 250 em­ployers. In literature was read we couldn’t find information about own system of suppliers evaluation for small and medium-sized enterprises. SME can have some different types of business and in this case need the universal system of eva­lua­tion. The research of this paper is oriented on small and medium-sized enterprises with different types of business. The new theoretical universal method of calculation for evaluation existing suppliers for small and medium-sized enterprises will present in this paper. This theoretical method is based on average values. This method includes traditional evaluative criteria (quality, delivery time and other (mobility of supplier, possibilities of new level of partnership. This method of evaluation can not be used for continual manufacture. New method can improve the total evaluation of supplier in small and medium-sized enterprises.

  15. Social Media Impact on Marketing and Operations of Small and Medium Companies: A Delphi study

    OpenAIRE

    Skoumpopoulou, D; Vlachos, I; San José, J

    2014-01-01

    This research project investigates the impact of social media, in particular the uses of the social media in Spain, the impact of the engagement concept for the companies, the influence of the word of mouth for the businesses and the effectiveness of social media marketing in Spanish companies. Qualitative data has been gathered from five Spanish companies that use social media providing rich and detailed information. The most common use of social media in Spain is branding and promotions but...

  16. How Business Guanxi Affects a Firm’s Performance : A Study on Chinese Small and Medium Sized Construction Companies

    OpenAIRE

    TANG, Wanyi; CHENG, Qian

    2012-01-01

    The Chinese term “Guanxi” literally refers to interpersonal relationships which have aroused growing interests among researchers and business practitioners. Common research interests are mainly centered on theoretical study and model building instead of applying them to business practices while this paper is aimed to investigate how business Guanxi works from a practical view, and in particular how business Guanxi affects the performance of small and medium-sized Chinese construction companie...

  17. An empirical study on the critical success factors of small to medium sized projects in a South African mining company

    OpenAIRE

    Du Randt, Francois Jean; Van Waveren, Cornelis Cristo; Kai-Ying Chan

    2014-01-01

    Projects that fail, for whatever reason, can impact negatively on society, organisations, and other stakeholders. A number of researchers have identified various critical success factors (CSFs) that can influence the outcome and success of a project. This research therefore aims to determine the CSFs that influence various success measures of small- to medium-sized projects at a South African mining company, Exxaro Resources’ Grootegeluk Coal Mine. Other objectives of this research include de...

  18. Film and television production in the Netherlands - a comparison between three medium-sized companies.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sanders, Willemien|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/30484957X; Puijk, Roel

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the different ways in which production companies established in similar ways can develop over time. It takes three Dutch private film- and television companies as cases. The research forms part of the Dutch component of a European partnership project, Success in the Film and

  19. U.S. Accounting Education: Misalignment with the Needs of Small and Medium Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Megan M.; Gandolfi, William R.

    2014-01-01

    This study looks to answer the question, "Does the current accounting educational system in the United States focus too heavily on the requirements of large (and SEC registered) companies at the expense of small companies and individuals who comprise the primary clientele of most practicing CPAs?" This investigation surveys CPAs…

  20. Software-as-a-Service and Cloud Computing, a solution for small and medium-sized companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bajenaru, A.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium-sized companies are an important part of today’s world economy, for their ability to offer new jobs but also for their capacity of innovation. At the same time, they are in a constant struggle with larger companies that take advantage of their negotiating power to impose their way of doing business to the SMEs. In an ICT enabled world, most large companies being intense ICT users, the lag of ICT adoption in SMEs may create a strong barrier between SMEs and large companies, promoting an over growing digital divide, the SMEs being in danger of being left out in some economic sectors. This paper aims at finding a possible solution in the Software-as-a-Service and Cloud Computing model, a rather new solution, yet more and more sought off by SMEs but also larger companies, especially considering the global financial and economic crisis, as well as evaluating the European Union’s main views and policies regarding the SAAS – Cloud model.

  1. Environmental management in small and medium-sized companies: an analysis from the perspective of the theory of planned behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Medina, Agustín J; Romero-Quintero, Leonardo; Sosa-Cabrera, Silvia

    2014-01-01

    In the business context, concern for the environment began to develop when pressure from the public administration and environmental awareness groups raised the specific requirements for companies. The Theory of Planned Behavior considers that people's conduct is determined by the intention of carrying out a certain behavior. Thus, the individual's intent is determined by three factors related to the desired outcome of the behavior: the Personal Attitude toward the Results, the Perceived Social Norms, and the Perceived Behavioral Control over the action. Therefore, the objectives of this paper are to clarify the attitudes of the managers of Canarian small and medium-sized companies about taking environmental measures, and try to demonstrate whether there is a relationship between the proposed factors and the intention to take these measures.

  2. Influence of Intuition and Capability on Accelerated Product Development in Big-Medium Scaled Food Companies in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pepey Riawati Kurnia

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available To face the pressure of competition, more and more companies perform accelerated product development by shortening the product development time so that the product will arrive at the market at the shortest time. Food industry has also performed accelerated product development. Using evolution theory, contingency theory, market-based view, and resource-based view a research model has been built. Results of the research’s initial identification show that food industry in Indonesia is in growth level towards maturity level. Meanwhile, competition in the food industry is in moderate level towards hypercompetition level. Tactics of accelerated product development often carried out is by simplifying the product development steps to eliminating the product development steps. The innovation type used is incremental innovation since it is fast and easy. Results of the research give information that intuition and capabilities are the main motivating factors for big-medium scaled food companies in Indonesia to accelerate product development.

  3. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TANGIBLE ASSETS AND CAPITAL STRUCTURE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED COMPANIES IN CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Harc

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The asset structure of companies should matter for financing decisions. Small and medium-sized companies in Croatia may use tangible assets as collateral, either providing more access to creditors or as a guarantee in case of bankruptcy. The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between tangible assets and the capital structure of Croatian small and medium-sized enterprises. Most previous studies have shown various relationships between tangible assets and leverage. This study has been conducted on a sample of 500 Croatian SMEs for the period between 2005 and 2010. The data used for the empirical analysis were taken from companies’ annual reports. The Pearson Correlation Coefficient is applied in order to examine the relationship between tangible assets and leverage measures. The results of this research indicate that tangible assets are differently correlated with short-term and long-term leverage. The relationship between tangible assets and short-term leverage is negative and statistically significant in all observed years. The relationship between tangible assets and long-term leverage is positive in all observed years and statistically significant. The results show that small and medium-sized companies use their collateral to attract long-term debt, which means that small and medium-sized companies use lower costs and the interest rate of long-term debt in relation to short-term debt. These findings correspond with the maturity matching principle, according to which long-term assets are financed with long-term financing and short-term assets are financed with short-term funds. These results suggest that tangible assets have a positive impact on the long-term debt of Croatian SMEs because tangible assets constitute a positive signal to the financial institutions, which can request the selling of these assets in case of bankruptcy. These findings are consistent with the trade-off theory which predicts a positive relation

  4. Quantitative marketing research on behavior of the small and medium companies on financial advisory services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duguleana, L.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of quantitative marketing research conducted among small and medium enterprises in Braşov County. The research identified organizational elements of the consumer behavior in the use of the financial advisory services. The objective is to determine whether there is association between firm size and the number of financial advice services outsourced. Results of the study will be based construction of the price policy for financial advisory firms, tailored to the financial constraints faced by small and medium enterprises in Romania.

  5. Equivalent expert career paths in small- and medium-sized companies – chance to gain and retain good employees or a threat for managers?

    OpenAIRE

    Konz, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Research questions: Does a manager in a small- and medium-sized company accept an expert on the same hierarchy level or are conflicts the consequences due to her/his power motivation? Methods: Questionnaire across different hierarchy levels in a medium-sized company Results: Managers are aware of the need for experts and claim that both careers are equal but are motivated by power and reputation and for that reason will not accept an expert on the same hierarchy level.

  6. HRM implications for network collaboration of small and medium sized companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kesting, Peter; Müller, Sabine; Jørgensen, Frances

    Collaboration in innovation networks is particularly important for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to remain competitive in a rapidly changing environment. Collaboration may however be particularly challenging for SMEs, due to their size and their inherent shortage of resources. In this paper...

  7. Trust as catalyst for the organizational performance. A focus on a medium-size IT Romanian company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badea Raluca

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In an environment where the shift from knowledge to social economy forces the company to identify a new sustainable approach to attire, motivate and retain employees, partners and shareholders, social capital and its elements seem to be the key. The focus of the article is to prove the contribution that trust, in its entirety, as primary component of the social capital, has on the organizational performance of the company. The centric piece of the paper is based on a quantitative research conducted in a medium size IT company and it is designed to support the hypotheses per which a high level of trust will positively influence the overall business results. Regardless if it’s societal trust, market trust, relationship trust or selftrust, the respondents are requested to assess its multiple dimensions as these are translated into the company’s principles and values, the leaders’ strategy to improve the life of the shareholders, the company’s brands and their impact on the consumers, the relationship between individual and his/her peers and managers, as well as the individual’s aspirational behavior to be a trusted colleague/employee. Analyzing the results of the questionnaire, trust as core element of the social capital appears to be a main factor that drives the competitive advantage, designed to boost the employees’ energy, increase the sustainability for the company, irreversibly gain the confidence of stakeholders and eventually act a catalyst for the individual and organizational performance. The in-progress results of this paper represent significant key findings that trigger a more advance research, at a larger scale, by evaluating other companies, with similar employees’ profile to confirm the magnitude of this influence and convince the business leaders to continue supporting the creation and leverage of social capital in general and strive to generate, build and maintain trust as a must have asset.

  8. An empirical study on the critical success factors of small to medium sized projects in a South African mining company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Du Randt, Francois Jean

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Projects that fail, for whatever reason, can impact negatively on society, organisations, and other stakeholders. A number of researchers have identified various critical success factors (CSFs that can influence the outcome and success of a project. This research therefore aims to determine the CSFs that influence various success measures of small- to medium-sized projects at a South African mining company, Exxaro Resources’ Grootegeluk Coal Mine. Other objectives of this research include determining the extent of the impacts of these CSFs on the different success measures of a project. The investigation suggests that there are correlations among CSFs, and that certain factors impact the outcome of projects far more than others. This research finds that the single most important CSF for small- to medium-sized projects is the selection of a competent project manager. The competent project manager is characterised by a group of interrelated CSF factors: good leadership, commitment, and learning from past experiences. Based on the research results, other CSFs are discussed and explored in order for recommendations to be made on how this mining company, and possibly other organisations, can achieve greater project success.

  9. MULTISECTORAL MODELS FOR ADVANCED KNOWLEDGE IN CULTURE AND SPORTS ORGANIZATIONAL ENTITIES, IN SMALL AND MEDIUM COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Mihai-Daian, CEAUSU

    2015-01-01

    The article used to identify functional and operational links, and determining the quasi-unlimited ecoknowledge in organizational culture and sports entities, in small and medium firms. It is shown that, in fact, increased in absolute economic indicators of ontemporary productive firms, in organizational culture and sports entities explained increasingly by innovation, springing from some new features, on specific contemporary environment organized / structured in corporate regime, by functi...

  10. Organizational Well-Being Factors. Determinants of entrepreneurship in small and medium companies of the defense sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena de Almeida

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available All over the world, the small and medium enterprises are more and more organized in consortia, cooperation networks, joint-ventures and strategical alliances allowing not only the reduction of uncertainty and turbulence of the markets but also the gathering of advantages which may make them more competitive. It is worth considering that the results of these relationships are affected by determinant factors which may inhibit or facilitate the entrepreneurship. Our aim is to evaluate the relationship between some of those determinants, association, inter-company cooperation, innovation in the methods of work and creativity—about the entrepreneurship in 236 small and medium enterprises of the national defence. One of the questions initially posed is if there is a significant relation between corporation, innovative methods of work, creativity and entrepreneurship. Secondly, if being creative is an attribute of the entrepreneur, can it have a mediator effect between innovative methods of work and entrepreneurship? A factorial exploratory analysis was made in main components (varimax rotation and multiple linear regression. The results show the direct relationship of the evaluated determinants and entrepreneurship and the partial mediator effect of the creativity between the innovation in the methods of work and entrepreneurship. These enterprises may expect to develop new methods of work as a high differential component concerning the competition and the more efficient use of knowledge and of the skills of the people who make part of the work team in order to increase their competitiveness.

  11. Evaluation of the perception and application of social responsibility practices in micro, small and medium companies in Barranquilla. An analysis from the theory of Stakeholders

    OpenAIRE

    Guillén León; Hamadys L. Benavides Gutiérrez; José María Castán Farrero

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the degree of comprehension and enforcement of social responsibility (SR) practices in micro, small and medium companies in Barranquilla (Colombia), based on the Stakeholders theory. Using an exploratory factor analysis on 779 companies it was found that the variables with a stronger explanatory influence for socially responsible performance are employees, environment, and community. By contrast, corporate management, value chain, and government/public...

  12. Mexico and emerging carbon markets : investment opportunities for small and medium-size companies and the global climate agenda

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vaughan, S.; Carpentier, C.L.; Patterson, Z.; Kelly, K.; De Alba, E.; Hoyt, E.A.; Breceda, M.; Ouimet, B.

    2001-11-01

    This report provides information to the financial services sector on major environmental issues in North America in an effort to identify potential financial opportunities in Mexico regarding the climate change agenda and those coming from possible carbon offset projects. As a non-Annex 1 country, Mexico is not obliged to meet domestic GHG emission reduction targets, but given the strong economic links between Mexico, Canada and the United States it is suggested that investment transfer links to climate change should follow existing international investment and trade patterns. This report examined three sectors in Mexico, including electric power generation, steel production and land-use change and forestry, in an effort to evaluate their potential for carbon reduction. The report identifies carbon-related opportunities involving small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) in particular because large companies are already better positioned to examine opportunities associated with the international climate agenda. SMEs, however, face many challenges in taking advantage of climate-related projects and associated investment opportunities, including higher entry and transaction costs, difficulty in accessing capital markets, and difficulty in estimating individual baselines and inventories. The report showed that the main carbon-related opportunity in Mexico's electricity sector are closely related to the planned expansion of natural gas use. This study also suggests that the climate agenda can contribute to changing Mexican forests from their current state of being a net source of greenhouse gas emissions, to becoming a significant carbon sink. tabs., figs

  13. The Way For Maintaning Customer Loyalty and Using of E-Commerce in Developing Company Such as Small and Medium Entreprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Ridwan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Way for Maintaining Customer Loyality and Using of E-Commece in Developing Company Such as Small And Medium Enterproses. This paper aims to analyze the way of maintaining customer loyalty of company in developing their business. One of the way is providing of customer loyalty program with the reward point given to their customer. Beside that, this study analyze also the usefulness of e-commerce in developing Small and Medium Enterprises. Definitely ,the use of e-commerce able to drive business of small and Medium Enterprises quickly and promptly. Involving e-commerce in developing small and medium enterprises (SMEsis very crucial and important. There are some potential benefits derived from the strategic use of e-commerce provide: i Enhanced customer services, ii Reduced transaction costs, iii Increased business efficiencies, iv Improved operational flexibility, v. Obtaining competitive advantages and vi. Improved product and service delivery. . This study use Descriptive Qualitative Analysis Method based on the observation of the current situation of e-commerce usefulness in developing company such as small and medium enterprises and the way of maintaining customer loyalty in business development This study shows that both low customer awareness about point-based reward programs and, not surprisingly, low redemption rates. More specifically, lack of awareness about the reward points programs and the redemption procedure was shown. The important conditions positively affecting redemption of reward points were found to include awareness of the reward point program, a positive attitude about the incentives, and average frequency of credit card usage. Also, redemption rates were higher for cards that had been issued more recently. This study find also that e-commerce has big part role in developing Small and Medium Enterprises. In this, e-commerce can develop promotion and selling volume of Small and Medium Enterprises by the smart electronic

  14. Vaccine Pipeline Has Grown During The Past Two Decades With More Early-Stage Trials From Small And Medium-Size Companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Thomas J; Kesselheim, Aaron S

    2016-02-01

    Many serious diseases lack safe and effective vaccines. Using a large commercial database, we examined trends in global vaccine research and development and found that the proportion of new vaccine candidates entering all stages of clinical development increased by 3-5 percentage points over the past two decades. Small and medium-size companies accounted for nearly twice as many new Phase I vaccine trials compared to large companies, but late-stage (Phase III) vaccine trials were dominated by large companies. There were no significant differences between vaccines and drugs in the probability of success in clinical trials or in profitability. Small and medium-size companies, including spin-outs from academic research centers, play an important role in innovative research and discovery. Our findings suggest that policy making targeted at smaller companies, such as prizes or opportunities for public-private partnerships, could support the development of new vaccines, particularly those targeting unmet medical needs and emerging public health threats. Project HOPE—The People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc.

  15. Evaluation of the perception and application of social responsibility practices in micro, small and medium companies in Barranquilla. An analysis from the theory of Stakeholders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillén León

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the degree of comprehension and enforcement of social responsibility (SR practices in micro, small and medium companies in Barranquilla (Colombia, based on the Stakeholders theory. Using an exploratory factor analysis on 779 companies it was found that the variables with a stronger explanatory influence for socially responsible performance are employees, environment, and community. By contrast, corporate management, value chain, and government/public sector condition the development of SR actions. Particularly, there is a weak perception and lack of will among owners and company managers to undertake comprehensive programs of social responsibility, as well as the formalization of those actions with an impact on the SR.

  16. Fostering Entrepreneurial Learning On-the-Job: Evidence from Innovative Small and Medium-Sized Companies in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baggen, Yvette; Lans, Thomas; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Kampen, Jarl; Mulder, Martin

    2016-01-01

    As economies become more innovation-driven, the need for entrepreneurial behaviour amongst employees working for existing companies increases in order to enhance the organisations' capacity to develop new ideas, products and services. Hence, entrepreneurial learning and the development of entrepreneurial competencies of employees on-the-job become…

  17. In Good Company : When Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Acquire Multiplex Knowledge from Key Commercial Partners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bojica, Ana Maria; Estrada Vaquero, Isabel; del Mar Fuentes-Fuentes, Maria

    2018-01-01

    This study explores the specific conditions under which key strategic alliances of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with commercial partners can become multiplex in knowledge exchange. Using survey data from a sample of 150 Spanish SMEs in the information and communication technology (ICT)

  18. Knowledge management as a support mechanism for improving software programmes in micro, small and medium-sized companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Capote

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Organisations have been forced to change their philosophy due to the vast amount of information made available when running software process improvement (SPI programmes and working in a way leading to maintaining and converting this information into knowledge in order to adapt and integrate changes quickly and thereby ensuring re-maining in the competitive market. This article presents some of the most significant antecedents in defining and im-plementing knowledge management (KM in SPI programmes which have been adapted for use in small software companies, as such management represents a philosophy of true organisational capital for companies involved in software improvement projects. The advisability of implementing KM in SPI programmes or projects arising from pri-mary knowledge management targets is analysed, as is its adaptation for such projects according to identified needs, especially related to documenting and manipulating tangible and intangible products produced in an SPI pro-gramme.

  19. Environmental Management in Small and Medium-Sized Companies: An Analysis from the Perspective of the Theory of Planned Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez-Medina, Agustín J.; Romero-Quintero, Leonardo; Sosa-Cabrera, Silvia

    2014-01-01

    In the business context, concern for the environment began to develop when pressure from the public administration and environmental awareness groups raised the specific requirements for companies. The Theory of Planned Behavior considers that people's conduct is determined by the intention of carrying out a certain behavior. Thus, the individual's intent is determined by three factors related to the desired outcome of the behavior: the Personal Attitude toward the Results, the Perceived Soci...

  20. Construction and application of an indicator system to assess the ergonomic performance of large and medium-sized construction companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezerra, Isabela Xavier Barbalho; de Carvalho, Ricardo José Matos

    2012-01-01

    This article proposes a system of indicators to evaluate the performance of companies in ergonomics for buildings. The system was developed based primarily on studies related to the performance evaluation of the construction industry and on Brazilian standards of ergonomics and work safety and had also the contribution of national and international indicators related to ergonomics, work safety, quality, sustainability, quality of work life and to organizational behavior. The indicators were named, classified and their components were assigned to compose the theoretical model SIDECE--System of Performance Indicators in Ergonomics for Building Construction (as for the Portuguese acronym), serving the major goals of ergonomics: health, safety and workers' satisfaction and production efficiency. The SIDECE is being validated along with the building construction companies in the city of Natal, Brazil, whose practical results, deriving from the application of instruments to collect field data, are under process, to be presented on the occasion of the 18th World Congress on Ergonomics. It is intended that the SIDECE be used by building construction companies as a support tool for excellence management.

  1. Analysis of the quality of service of small and medium size hotel companies in Bucaramanga and its metropolitan area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Monsalve Castro

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the hotel industry has been facing an increment of travelers willing to enjoy better conditions in tourist destinations. The demanding changes in tourist preferences, and the increasing range of offers that they find to meet their needs, has made the hotel industry to focus its attention to service. Therefore, in this document, the principles that impact the evaluation of a quality service are analyzed. This research takes a sample of 384 small and medium size hotel companies’ guests. A Likert type questionnaire is applied. Its evaluation is conducted through SPSS software through bivariate analysis. In the results, influential aspects were identified such as: encouraging customer loyalty, special offers, innovation, premises and equipment, human talent training, among others.

  2. [Workplace safety in private companies of freights and on the road workers: comparison between small and medium enterprises].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mannocci, Alice; Gabrijelcic, Simona; Di Thiene, Domitilla; Saulle, Rosella; Boccia, A; La Torre, G

    2012-01-01

    The road freight and passenger transport sector exposes the workers of this sector to a considerable health risk. Application of the relative legislation to safeguard worker's safety is an obligation for the employer. The aim of the study was to assess the application of current legislation in the trucking sector and ascertain whether there are differences between large and small enterprises. The study was conducted through direct interview with managers of road freight and passenger transport companies in the Lazio Region in 2009. Information was collected using a questionnaire composed of 77 items concerning risk assessment and organization aspects in the enterprises. The enterprisers were stratified by number of workers and drivers. To detect possible associations the Chi-squared and Fisher's Exact tests were used. A total of 42 enterprisers participated in the study. Significant differences were found between larger enterprisers (10 workers) and smaller enterprises (addiction and microclimatic conditions. Vibrations, night work and microclimatic conditions risks were assessed to a lower degree in the smaller enterprisers compared to the larger enterprises.

  3. Developing a Methodology Based on Action Learning to Facilitate the Adoption of ICT in Small and Medium-sized Companies in Costa Rica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nunez, Heilyn Camacho

    2010-01-01

    Helix Model) in order to support the SMEs sector. The concrete proposal of the research is to design collaborative project based on action learning approach (Revans, 1982) with partnership of the three sectors in order to address concrete ICT projects in SMEs. The project was carried out in the action......The aim of the thesis is to understand and explore better strategies to support the Small and Medium-sized companies sector in Costa Rica in the ICT adoption process. A strategy has been proposed which focuses on learning process and the interaction of university, industry and government (Triple...... research context, considering a holistic approach needed in the SMEs and fostering the multi learning perspective claimed in the triple helix model (Etzkowitz, 2008)....

  4. Challenges of small and medium sized companies at early stage of development: Insights from Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saša Petković

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to discover and understand factors that lead to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs shutdown in transitional economies, such as the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H. The paper provides some findings about main influencing factors that lead to SMEs shut down in the first years of operation from entrepreneurs’ and managers’ perspective and suggests certain measures that should be taken to secure their survival, development and growth. For the purpose of this paper, empirical research was conducted, using stratified sampling of 110 SMEs from Republic of Srpska (49% of B&H territory. The section on methodology explains the entry criteria for the study population and methods of data analysis. Respondents from the research sample identified the following factors as the main obstacles to successful development of their businesses: difficulties in the collection of receivables from debtors, complicated legal procedures that regulate the work and business operations of enterprises, high rates of taxes and contributions on wages, the negative impact of the global economic crisis and expensive and complicated procedures for obtaining loans from commercial banks. Respondents didn’t evaluate their personal traits, level of formal and informal knowledge from business management field or lack of entrepreneurial spirit and readiness for being proactive, innovative or risk acceptance as potential causes of business failure. With its limitation, the paper contains novel information and insights about SMEs business obstacles and challenges in economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina as a solid base for more comprehensive future research.

  5. O Estrategista da Micro, Pequena e Média Empresa Privada BrasileiraThe Strategist of Micro, Small and Medium Brazilian Private CompanyEl Estratega de la Micro, Pequeña y Mediana Empresa Privada de Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FONTES FILHO, Joaquim Rubens

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOA importância das micro, pequenas e médias empresas brasileiras (MPME para o desenvolvimento econômico e geração de empregos não tem encontrado paralelo no que tange à produção de teorias no campo da estratégia, consideradas as limitações da capacidade de ação das MPMEs e das idiossincrasias de seus líderes. Este artigo busca contribuir para a compreensão dos processos de formação das estratégias nessas empresas segundo a natureza do pensamento estratégico dos líderes-estrategistas e com base no comportamento declarado, adotando como referência a taxonomia das estratégias genéricas e dos processos cognitivos de tomada de decisão e pensamento estratégico. Tem como objetivo propor uma tipologia que permita compreender a natureza do pensamento estratégico desses gestores, identificando suas principais dimensões características e propondo instrumento que permita sua categorização e comparação. A aplicação de survey com amostra intencional formada por 70 estrategistas permitiu o uso de análise fatorial para construção das categorias e escala, e a observação que, no universo de estrategistas pesquisados no que tange a sua forma de pensar, a intuição é perspectiva complementar, não predominante, o caráter coletivo é acentuado na formação das estratégias, bem como a valorização do formalismo e a crença na importância de planejar e registrar as intenções.ABSTRACTThe importance of micro, small and medium size companies (MSMC to the economical development and job creation in the country hasn’t found parallel with respect to the production of theories in the strategy field, even considering the limited capacity of action of the MSMCs and the idiosyncrasies of their leaders. This article seeks to contribute to the understanding of the strategy formation processes in these companies by the nature of the strategic thinking of their strategists, having as reference the taxonomy of generic strategies

  6. FUTURE SCOPE OF WOMEN CARRIER IN THE PRINTING INDUSTRY: THE CHALLENGES OF WOMEN IN PRINTING OGANIZATIONS (A SURVEY OF TWENTY FIVE COMPANIES "SMALL, MEDIUM AND LARGE PRINTING ORGANIZATION" IN AREA "NCR DELHI AND HISAR, HR".)

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Azad Singh*

    2017-01-01

    Women carrier in printing organization today, printing industry is growing with an expositional rate & required skills manpower. In this survey based paper to getting recruit of women 10%small, 30%medium and 60% large scale print industry. Objective of this paper is too filled out manpower skills printing industries are seaking in B.Tech women printing students to bridge the gap between skills and required in printing organization. A survey 25 companies was carried out. the result indicated t...

  7. The anti-CO2 tax upsets the automotive fleets management. Car makers must adapt themselves. Deluxe cars spared. Small and medium size companies tempted by the long duration rental. At Biogen, medical visitors chose their vehicle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Larmor, P.

    2006-01-01

    Since the beginning of the year 2006, the pollution level is now taken into consideration in the calculation of the society vehicles tax. This measure completely upsets the management and allocation rules of provided cars. Therefore, the government foresees to relax its position. Car makers will have to propose new versions of their models with pollution levels in agreement with the tax categories imposed by the new regulation. Small and medium size companies are now tempted by long duration car rental contracts. Therefore, car rental companies foresee interesting opportunities with this fiscality stiffening. This press-kit analyzes the situation from the different points of view: fleet managers, car makers, users, company managers, car hirers. (J.S.)

  8. [Workplace Health Promotion in Small, Medium-Sized and Large Enterprises of the Health-Care Sector - Frequency, Reasons for the Company Management to Take Action and Barriers to Implementation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, E; Drexler, H; Kiesel, J

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to gain insight into worksite health promotion in small and medium-sized companies compared to large concerns in Middle Franconia. Action in worksite health promotion, obstacles and demand for networks for workplace health promotion were determined. A standardised telephone interview served for collecting data for this cross-sectional study. The interviewee was always the manager or their proxy. 106 companies were contacted. The results of this study were analysed via qualitative and quantitative methods in SPSS(®) 20. It was possible to reach and interview 80 companies, a return rate of 75.5%. More than half the companies (68.8%) implemented at least one activity for worksite health promotion, especially ergonomic measures and measures to promote physical activity. Taking the size of the company into consideration when analysing the results, previous study results are confirmed. With an increasing size of the company, the relative frequency of measures for workplace health promotion rises. The motivation for worksite health promotion ranges from keeping the employees healthy (38.2%) to worksite health promotion as part of the business culture (9.1%). 81.1% of the companies consider their activity in worksite health promotion to be successful. Furthermore, 80.0% of the firms that implemented worksite health promotion were supported by a partner like a health insurance (43.2%). Those companies that did not implement any activities for worksite health promotion, state as a prime reason that they did not think about it as yet (44.0%). Besides, 44.0% of the companies without any worksite health promotion would like to implement measures. 65.5% of the companies that already took action in worksite health promotion and 56.0% of the companies that did not would like to cooperate with other firms in a network for workplace health promotion. Mutual exchange is the most important factor for them. The results of this study show that almost half of

  9. La importancia de los organismos electorales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Urruty Navatta

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudia la importancia de los organismos electorales en la consolidación de la democracia como sistema político. Puntualiza que toda elección debe estar precedida de un marco regulatorio de jerarquía constitucional o legal que establezca las reglas de juego del acto electoral. El establecimiento de ese marco regulatorio excede la potestad reglamentaria que debe otorgarse al organismo electoral que prepara el acto eleccionario y la competencia del órgano que debe juzgarla.

  10. importancia para la enseñanza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción González Rodríguez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se realiza una revisión histórica, de aquellos estudios/experiencias relacionados con los procesos de fotosíntesis y respiración que contribuyeron a la desestimación de la “teoría del humus” como modelo de nutrición vegetal. También se incluyen aquellos problemas que preocupaban a los investigadores en ese marco histórico. Se pondrá especial énfasis en la evolución de la formulación de “la fotosíntesis”, ya que en dicho conocimiento se localizó “la clave” que otorgó a los vegetales una importancia vital para la supervivencia de la vida en nuestro planeta. La evolución del conocimiento en ese campo, permitió pasar de un modelo de nutrición vegetal centrado únicamente en el nivel organismo, a la elaboración y aceptación del modelo actual que contempla la nutrición en tres niveles: organismo, celular y ecosistema. Finalmente se muestra la importancia que esta revisión histórica tiene para la enseñanza de este tema.

  11. How does a medium-sized enterprise shape an environmental strategy: a case study in two companies from Bogotá, Colombia Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Fernanda Latorre Carrillo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Rev.esc.adm.neg This research study is based on Mintzberg´s theories (emerging and deliberate strategies as well as on Strategy as Practice. These theories are contrasted with the study outcomes of a multiple descriptive case done in two PyMES which are part of an Environmental Management Program of the Local Environmental Office of Bogota. This Case Study involved a service company and a production company which applied participative observation and a semi- structure interview as methods used to collect data. The authors accompanied both companies in the process of designing a strategic environmental plan, collecting information which revealed that the applied strategies were deliberate, led by middle manage-ment and arose as an answer to pressures exerted by the most stakeholders for the company. The results of this study showed the applicability of these conceptual frameworks to Colombian contexts and represented an important support to the study of environmental strategies in such contexts.

  12. Development of ESCO as a tool for realising energy efficiency in small and medium sized industry; ESCO = Energy Service Company; Udvikling af ESCO som vaerktoej til realisering af energieffektivisering i smaa og mellemstore erhvervsvirksomheder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, Ove Folmer (DS Haandvaerk og Industri, Odense (Denmark))

    2011-07-01

    The project carried out an advisory process in 10 different SME (small and medium-sized enterprises). The process was based on energy management and employee involvement in energy conservation activities, which has led to a wide variety of projects in companies that have focused on the initiation and solution of diverse energy-saving activities. Results of the project consist of a series of case studies that describe the processes that have been implemented in the company. The selected cases demonstrate the diversity of businesses, their energy saving potential and need for funding. It also describes and assesses the various financing possibilities, a model for qualitative advising in SMEs and a module for the training of the people involved - including installers, craftsmen and advisor. (LN)

  13. Privatised companies and market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salini, M. P.

    2001-01-01

    The Italian Government decided to adopt the public company structure where a little group of medium-term investors had the task of supporting the transition of the privatised companies to the market. The article examines the reasons for this decision and its failure in attaining the purpose, not excluding the possibility for the public company of imposing itself in the long period and in a context of a minor legislative intervention and more effective Corporate Governance rules [it

  14. Server usage in small and medium-sized companies: an empirical investigation into the actual need for network servers during the night and over weekends/holidays in small and medium-sized companies in the German-speaking part of Switzerland; Servernutzung in Klein- und Mittelbetrieben: eine empirische Untersuchung zum effektiven Bedarf von Netzwerk-Servern in der Nacht und an Wochenenden/Feiertagen in Klein- und Mittelbetrieben in der Deutschschweiz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gubler, M.; Peters, M.

    2000-07-01

    In order to acquire a representative statement about the effective number of network servers required for nighttime and weekend/public holidays in small and medium-sized companies, a telephone survey was conducted among 400 relevant companies in German-speaking Switzerland. Results: 1) Nowadays, around 80% of small and medium-sized companies in German-speaking Switzerland have an electronic data processing network. 2) The majority of those who have a network leave all their servers running at night (94%) and at the weekend/on public holidays (90%), although about one quarter of the units left on do nothing during the night and almost half do nothing at weekends. 3) About two thirds of the servers which function and carry out tasks during the night need less than three hours to do so. 4) An automatic switching on and off system would be welcomed: 57% of the respondents think the possibility of switching a server on automatically at a specific time or for a specific event would be good. 46% thought the possibility of automatic switch-off of a server when not in use and the simultaneous possibility of switching it on from the workplace. 5) In contrast, the reasons for rejecting these possibilities were rarely based on practical or technical matters but were caused by uncertainties, habits and previously gained convictions or doubts about the technical feasibility. Conclusion: There is a great deal of room to manoeuvre for the introduction of an automatic switch-on and -off system for network servers. Whether this room to manoeuvre can be utilized - alongside of the provision for technologically mature solutions - depends on the success of efforts to convince those responsible for its technical feasibility, its ecological desirability and economical benefits. (author)

  15. Neuroconduccion of the medium nerve in the carpal tunnel in data-entry personnel of two companies of telecommunications. Medellín. October-November 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis F. De Subiría

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetive: This study was carried out in order to know the comportment of the median nerve’s impulse speed at the carpal tunnel associated to the exposure time to the fingers’ repetitive motion risk factor. Methodology: This study was applied to data-entry personnel at two companies in the city of Medellin, Colombia, during October and November of 2005. Age, gender, labour exposure time, dominant hand and pathological antecedents associated to the carpal tunnel syndrome variables were investigated. Clinical test and a median nerve conduction test were applied to the workers. Discussion: 55 data-entry workers were evaluated, for a total of 110 hands. The survey included ages between 19 and 40 years old and an average age of 28; 86% of the studied subjects were women; 91% of surveyed subjects declared themselves as right-handed and 60% had a normal weight. Subjects had worked between 12 and 180 months as data-entry personnel with an average time of 83 months, working 48 hours a week. No relevant statistical link was found between labour exposure time and median nerve conduction. Results suggest that doing repetitive movements at work as the only risk factor is not a cause of nerve conduction disorder in the median nerve.

  16. Company reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-08-15

    The information presented in this article was summarised from INMET, Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) company web sites, daily alerts and regional geologist information sourced through the Department's Mining Information Directory in December 2007. A selection of mining company information updates are given from ASX listed mineral companies currently active in the central and northern regions of Queensland. Brief details are given of exploration and new developments of 9 mineral companies, 7 coal companies and 6 petroleum and coal seam gas companies in the central region and of 23 mineral companies and one coal company in the northern region. 1 map.

  17. E-PROCUREMENT: IMPORTANCIA Y APLICACIÓN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Fernández Quesada

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available En el trabajo se aborda uno de los aspectos externos del e-business: el e-procurement. Se valora la importancia de la utilización de la red en general y en la función logística y de compras, en particular. Partiendo de las actividades tradicionales de compras, se explicitan las ventajas que supone respecto a ellas el e-procurement y la importancia estratégica de su aplicación. Asimismo, se profundiza en el propio concepto de e-procurement y en su arquitectura desde el punto de vista de su implantación empresarial.

  18. Information diffusion system for encouraging small and medium-size companies to improve their environmental performances; Systeme de diffusion d'information pour encourager les PME-PMI a ameliorer leurs performances environnementales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gondran, N.

    2001-11-01

    Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) are the cornerstone of the French economy and job creation. However, due to financial and resource constraints, they are not inclined to look for environmental information autonomously. As a result, they often consider environmental issues as a constraint rather than a potential benefit. SMEs generally invest neither time nor money in order to reduce the environmental impacts of their activities and thus remain in an 'inactivity cycle'. Their global environmental impact cannot be neglected which makes their interested parties more and more concerned. The aim of this study is to analyse the environmental information system of SMEs in order to identify scope for potential improvements. The first hypothesis of this study is that SMEs do not have the knowledge that is necessary in order to implement a 'rational' pollution prevention policy. It is also assumed that access to environmental information is necessary for the SME to reduce the environmental impact of its activities. In order to validate these hypotheses and to identify which information channels contribute to the reduction of environmental impacts, a method is proposed to simultaneously evaluate the environmental policies of the SME and its ability to access to environmental information. This approach has been used to survey 47 SMEs. In addition, more than 300 pieces of information that were given to companies by two industrial associations were analysed. These data were analysed using principal component analysis, multiple correspondence analysis and chi square tests on contingency tables. The survey shows that SMEs favour direct contact with various organisations. The more a company is open to partners, the more it prevents pollution. Each SME has a different 'partnership profile' according to the area where it is situated, its level of independence, its status according to environmental legislation and its situation with respect to

  19. Current status and future prospects of research and development operations in traditional and complementary and alternative medicine manufacturing small- and medium-sized enterprises: a 2014 company-based survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miyoung Ahn

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs have played key roles in the economic growth and technical innovation of traditional and complementary and alternative medicine (T&CM. Research and development (R&D are critical activities for industrial progress. This study aimed to characterize the current status of SME R&D activities and to explore manufacturers’ perceptions of R&D expansion. Methods: Records of the distribution of T&CM SMEs and R&D resources detailed in the 2014 Statistics of Korea T&CM Industries survey, a previously conducted survey on the industrial status of the T&CM field, were reviewed. Data on the perceptions of R&D activities were investigated through a company-based survey covering 285 T&CM-manufacturing SMEs. Results: Greater than 99% of the 13,636 T&CM manufacturers at the time of the study were SMEs employing less than 50 workers. Natural cosmetics manufacturing SMEs (NC SMEs had the highest R&D expenditures. NC SMEs rely heavily on internal R&D operations, which may contribute to their strong need for R&D collaboration with public research institutions and expanded T&CM-promoted R&D programs. “Digestive system disorders” are the main target diseases for current herbal and dietary supplement manufacturing SMEs and herbal medicine manufacturing SMEs. These SMEs tend to view their own product-related business as a priority for future R&D investment. Conclusion: This study represents the first attempt to assess SME perceptions of R&D activities. The findings herein can inform the design of sustainable programs that support R&D by reducing the gaps between the perspectives of T&CM product makers and policymakers. Keywords: R&D, SME, South Korea, survey, T&CM

  20. Prevalencia e importancia pronóstica de la anemia en pacientes pluripatológicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Novo-Veleiro

    2012-03-01

    CONCLUSIONES: la importancia pronóstica de la anemia en pacientes pluripatológicos, resultado no comunicado previamente, refuerza la importancia de una valoración global y completa de estos pacientes.

  1. A Importância da Controladoria na Gestão de Riscos das Empresas Não-Financeiras: um estudo da percepção de gestores de riscos e controllersThe Controllership Relevance for Risk Management in Non-Financial Companies: a study of risk managers’ and controllers’ perceptionsLa Importancia de la Controladuría en la Gestión de Riesgos en las Empresas No Financieras: estudio de la percepción de gestores de riesgos y controllers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUIMARÃES, Iolanda Couto

    2009-09-01

    for them to be able to count on instrumental support that provides timely and adequate information, to ensure lower levels of mistakes and risk exposure. However, discussion concerning risk management in non-financial companies is still in its early stages in Brazil. Considering this gap, this study aims at assessing how Controllership has been acting in companies under the insight of risk and how it can contribute to risk management in non-financial companies. To achieve the proposed goal, a field research was carried out with non-financial companies that are located in the city São Paulo and listed in the São Paulo Stock Exchange (Bovespa. The research was carried out using questionnaires, which were sent do Risk Officers and Controllers of those companies with the purpose of evaluating their perception on the subject. The results of the research allow us to conclude that Controllership offers support to risk management, through information that contributes to the mitigation of the risks in non-financial companies.RESUMENEste estudio tiene el propósito de analizar la importancia de la Controladuría como apoyo a la gestión de riesgos en empresas no financieras, en la percepción de los gestores de riesgos y controllers. La gestión de riesgos es un asunto bastante debatido y difundido en el ambiente de las instituciones financieras. Naturalmente existen incertidumbres económicas, por consiguiente, las empresas no financieras deben adoptar medidas de prevención y control. Para que los gestores puedan tener seguridad en las tomas de decisiones, es imprescindible que tengan soportes instrumentales que les permitan acceder a informaciones oportunas y adecuadas, asegurándoles menor posibilidad de error y de exposición a riesgos. No obstante, los debates acerca de la gestión de riesgos en las empresas no financieras en Brasil todavía son incipientes. Considerando la existencia de esa laguna, este estudio tiene la finalidad evaluar la actuación de la Controladur

  2. Importancia del articulador semiajustable en la rehabilitación

    OpenAIRE

    María Elena Gutiérrez Hernández; Ileana Grau León; Gema Lauzardo García del Prado

    2003-01-01

    Se realiza un estudio sobre la importancia del articulador semiajustable en la rehabilitación protésica. Se define la oclusión dentaria como la relación que se establece entre las arcadas dentarias cuando estas toman contacto entre sí permaneciendo el arco inferior inmóvil con respecto al superior. Debido a que es fundamental en la rehabilitación protésica tratar de respetar la integridad funcional del paciente, nos proponemos como objetivo reestablecer los contactos en los deslizamientos dur...

  3. EL NIÑO QUE RONCA: IMPORTANCIA Y MANEJO

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Selim Abara

    2017-01-01

    El ronquido en los niños es el signo más frecuente de trastorno respiratorio del sueño (TROS). La importancia de estos trastornos reside en su alta prevalencia y las morbilidades asociadas, como trastornos neurocognitivos, rendimiento escolar deficiente, disfunción conductual, complicaciones cardiovasculares, consecuencias metabólicas y mala calidad de vida relacionada con la salud. La sospecha clínica se basa en una buena anamnesis y examen físico, aunque en muchos casos es insuficiente para...

  4. Acaros de importancia agrícola en Colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesa Nora Cristina

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available La acarología en Colombia ha contribuido de forma notoria al conocimiento de la diversidad de especies. Además los investigadores en este campo han desarrollado estudios sobre evaluación y manejo de los ácaros fitófagos. Los avances han sido importantes en los trabajos sobre aquellas especies depredadoras. Se puede afirmar que el país cuenta con información básica y aplicada sobre los ácaros, pero se necesita profundizar en algunos temas. Este documento adelanta el análisis de la retrospectiva de la acarología agrícola en el país y se detiene en consideraciones sobre las familias y especies de mayor importancia. Esta recopilación sobre los ácaros en Colombia, señala la trascendencia que tienen estos artrópodos.

  5. IMPORTANCIA DE LA POSVENTA EN LA MEZCLA DE MERCADEO ACTUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Prieto Sánchez

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la importancia de la postventa en la mezcla de mercadeo actual. Para lograr este propósito, se utilizó el método de la interpretación de los significados de la información, se llama información a los “datos” recolectados a través de la investigación documental. Se consultaron autores como: Cancer (2005, Kotler (2005, Reyes (2005,Villar (1997, Walther (1997. Con el resultado de la aplicación de este método se procedió a presentar los aspectos relevantes de la investigación: necesidad de la postventa, atención al cliente, postventa como estrategia competitiva, para finalmente plantear un nuevo modelo de organización de postventa.

  6. Company analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jenster, Per V.; Hussey, David

    This volume looks at the company appraisal as a whole, examining the continuing need to appraise companies as part of the continuing strategy process. Building from a sound basis of theory, the text aims to be practical and to give guidance to senior managers and others involved in the strategy...... process. It is thus a book primarily aimed at managers, but should also be useful for MBA students undertaking strategy assignments It provides helpful, practical guidance and identifies weaknesses of traditional methods. It also presents a variety of tools which may be used in the appraisal process...

  7. Exporting by Latvian companies: vitality, drivers of success, and challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Talis J. Putninš

    2013-01-01

    This paper sheds light on Latvian exporters – how active they are, what challenges they face, what makes them succeed or fail. Our study draws on a survey of 503 medium-sized Latvian companies. We find that most medium-sized Latvian companies are exporters (either directly or indirectly) and for a typical exporting company, export turnover constitutes more than half of its total turnover. Exporting companies tend to be larger, younger and faster growing than their non-exporting counterparts. ...

  8. EL NIÑO QUE RONCA: IMPORTANCIA Y MANEJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Selim Abara

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El ronquido en los niños es el signo más frecuente de trastorno respiratorio del sueño (TROS. La importancia de estos trastornos reside en su alta prevalencia y las morbilidades asociadas, como trastornos neurocognitivos, rendimiento escolar deficiente, disfunción conductual, complicaciones cardiovasculares, consecuencias metabólicas y mala calidad de vida relacionada con la salud. La sospecha clínica se basa en una buena anamnesis y examen físico, aunque en muchos casos es insuficiente para afirmar o descartar la existencia de un TROS; por esta razón es importante contar con pruebas específicas, entre las cuales la polisomnografía es el estándar de oro, pero es necesario establecer criterios para indicar estos exámenes debido a su disponibilidad limitada y a su elevado costo. La adenotonsilectomía es el tratamiento más común de TROS en los niños, sin embargo, el grupo de pacientes con comorbilidad de mayor complejidad requiere un estudio más completo y un tratamiento multidisciplinario. En esta revisión se actualizan los conocimientos acerca de los TROS y su manejo. Se propone un diagrama de flujo para el estudio y manejo de un niño que ronca.

  9. Importancia de la microbiota gastrointestinal en pediatría

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V P Zamudio-Vázquez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Las enfermedades del tubo gastrointestinal forman parte importante de la morbilidad y de la mortalidad mundiales; incluyen desde las enfermedades infecciosas, alérgicas, inflamatorias crónicas (como la enfermedad de Crohn y la colitis ulcerativa hasta padecimientos considerados como funcionales, como el síndrome de intestino irritable. En algunas de ellas el tratamiento puede ser difícil, ya que en ocasiones pueden existir diferentes teorías en relación a las mismas y en las que se han encontrado múltiples factores tanto psicosociales como genéticos. En los últimos años ha cobrado gran importancia el papel que desempeña la microbiota intestinal en la génesis de algunas de ellas.   Desde el siglo XV se describió la presencia de microorganismos en el tubo gastrointestinal, pero fue hasta que se originó la biología molecular cuando se logró un mejor conocimiento de la función y la composición del ecosistema gastrointestinal, el cual contribuye de manera importante para los procesos de digestión y absorción de sustratos de la dieta, así como para las funciones inmunológicas y protectoras de la microbiota gastrointestinal en cada organismo, lo que resulta esencial para comprender su participación en el tratamiento y en la prevención de múltiples enfermedades.

  10. SAFER - Company Snapshot - SAFER - Company Snapshot

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Company Snapshot is a concise electronic record of company identification, size, commodity information, and safety record, including the safety rating (if any),...

  11. Importancia del articulador semiajustable en la rehabilitación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elena Gutiérrez Hernández

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio sobre la importancia del articulador semiajustable en la rehabilitación protésica. Se define la oclusión dentaria como la relación que se establece entre las arcadas dentarias cuando estas toman contacto entre sí permaneciendo el arco inferior inmóvil con respecto al superior. Debido a que es fundamental en la rehabilitación protésica tratar de respetar la integridad funcional del paciente, nos proponemos como objetivo reestablecer los contactos en los deslizamientos durante los movimientos mandibulares una vez rehabilitado el paciente a su pauta masticatoria. El universo estuvo constituido por 8 pacientes, entre 18 y 34 años que presentaban restauraciones en primeros y segundos premolares en mal estado. Se rehabilitaron con restauraciones extra coronales utilizando el articulador semiajustable. Una vez concluida la rehabilitación solamente se realizaron ajustes oclusales al 25 % de los casos, mientras que el 75 % no requirió ajuste oclusal alguno. Esto demuestra la exactitud de la técnica empleada y la efectividad del articulador semiajustable para dicha rehabilitación.A study on the importance of the semiadjustable articulator in the prosthetic rehabilitation was conducted. Dental oclussion was defined as the relation established between the tooth arches when they get in contact and the lower arch remains inmobile in relation to the upper. Due to the fact that in the prosthetic rehabilitation it is fundamental to try to respect the functional integrity of the patient, we propose ourselves as an objective to reestbalish the contact in the slidings during the mandibular movements once the patient is rehabilitated to his masticatory pattern. The universe consisted of 8 patients aged 18-34 that presented restorations of the first and second premolars in bad state. They were rehabilitated with extracoronal restorations by using the semiadjustable articulator. On concluding the rehabilitation, oclussal adjustments

  12. Importancia clínica de las Chlamydias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Digna Llorente Molina

    Full Text Available Introducción: las infecciones por Chlamydia han alcanzado alta incidencia en el mundo. Constituyen importantes patógenos para los animales y el hombre. En la especie humana pueden ocasionar múltiples infecciones en diferentes órganos y sistemas de órganos. Objetivo: resumir los aspectos más novedosos relacionados con las Chlamydias en cuanto a sus características y formas de evitarla. Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre la importancia clínica de las Chlamydias en la especie humana y su elevada incidencia. Se consultó la base de datos Medline disponible en INFOMED, de donde se extrajeron referencias bibliográficas entre los años 1995 y 2011, acerca de algunos aspectos etiológicos, clínicos, diagnósticos y terapéuticos de acuerdo a los últimos apuntes más relevantes en la literatura médica sobre Chlamydias y su relación con el hombre. Resultados: la Chlamydia Trachomatis en particular responsable del tracoma, primera causa de ceguera prevenible, provoca un impacto deletéreo en la salud reproductiva, produciendo entidades como abortos espontáneos, rotura prematura de membranas, restricción del crecimiento intrauterino, endometritis, conjuntivitis y neumonía del recién nacido. Es responsable además de Linfogranuloma Venéreo, Uretritis no Gonocóccica, Síndrome de Reiter, Enfermedad Inflamatoria Pélvica, Síndrome de Fitz Hugh Curtis, Embarazo Ectópico Crónico, Dolor Pélvico Crónico y más recientemente Carcinoma Cervical, entre otras. Conclusiones: partiendo de la base del impacto social y económico que tiene la infección por Chlamydias en el mundo y en nuestro país, pudimos resumir los aspectos más novedosos en cuanto a los tipos, infecciones que causan y sus características, diagnóstico, terapéutica y medidas generales para evitarlas o reducir su impacto negativo en la sociedad.

  13. A inteligência empresarial e a biologia do conhecer: uma análise exploratória-qualitativa do setor de pequenas e médias empresas de consultoria de Belo Horizonte The business intelligence and the biology of knowledge: an exploratory-qualitative analysis of small and medium size advertising companies of Belo Horizonte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Erichsen Nassif Borges

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca contribuir para a ampliação dos estudos sobre Inteligência Empresarial e sua relação com o enfoque cognitivo da Biologia do Conhecer, a partir da observação de empresas de consultoria de pequeno e médio porte, tendo como referencial teórico a abordagem cognitiva da Biologia do Conhecer, de Maturana, utilizado nos estudos de Borges em sua tese de doutorado.This article searches to contribute for the amplification of studies about Business Intelligence and your relation with the cognitive approach of the Biology of Knowledge, from the comment of small and medium size advertising companies, using of the theoretical referential of the cognitive approach of the Biology of Knowledge, of Maturana, used in the studies made for Borges in its doctor thesis of.

  14. La importancia de los clusters para la competitividad de las PYME en una economía global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Capó-Vicedo

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la importancia de los clusters para las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas (PYME, en su camino hacia economías cada vez más globalizadas y basadas en el conocimiento. Para ello se estudia la influencia que tiene la globalización sobre las economías locales, así como la importancia de la concentración geográfica de las empresas para aumentar su competitividad. Entre las conclusiones obtenidas destaca el hecho de que en estas concentraciones se pueden establecer verdaderas comunidades de conocimiento, en las que éste se genere e intercambie, al mismo tiempo que se potencia la innovación, con lo que se consigue aumentar su ventaja competitiva. Finalmente, se estudia brevemente el caso del Cluster Textil Valenciano (España, validando lo visto en la parte teórica del artículoIn this work the importance of clusters for the particular case of SMEs is analyzed, in its road toward knowledge-based and globalize economies. In short the influence that globalization has about the local economies is studied, as well as the importance of the geographical concentration of the companies in order to increase their competitiveness. Among the obtained conclusions it highlights the fact that in these concentrations true communities of knowledge can settle down, where new knowledge is generated and exchanged, at the same time that innovation is empowered, and their competitive advantage is increased. Finally, the particular case of the Valencia Textile Cluster (Spain is studied, in order to validate the theoretical part of the article

  15. Importancia de la Manometría Anorrectalen la Infancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisy Naranjo Hernández

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Al registrar cambios de presión en órganos musculares huecos, el estudio manométrico anorrectal ha permitido llegar a conclusiones acerca del mecanismo de continencia anorrectal, la función esfinteriana y la sensación rectal. Se utilizó el método de catéteres perfundidos y balón intrarrectal para el estímulo por distensión. Se estudiaron 340 pacientes, 214 masculinos y 126 femeninos, con una edad promedio de 6,5 años. Se formaron 3 grupos: I. Constipación crónica, II. Crónica más encopresis y III. Incontinencia anal. Entre las variables manométricas que se estudiaron: presencia o no del reflejo rectoanal inhibitorio inducido (RRII, presión de reposo, longitud, tanto por ciento de relajación del mismo y volumen crítico capaz de desencadenar respuesta esfinteriana. Se realizó estudio de colon por enema y se halló mayor correlación entre megacolon radiográfico y el mayor porcentaje de ausencia manométrica del RRAI. El grupo II mostró mayor valor de presión basal del EAI con un menor tanto por ciento de relajación y un mayor número de casos con ausencia del RRAI. En el grupo III se obtuvo el valor más bajo de presión basal del EAI mayor por ciento de relajación y mayor número de casos con ausencia del EAI. Se demuestra la importancia del estudio en el manejo integral del niño con afecciones anorrectales, el que fue indispensable en el diagnóstico de la enfermedad de Hirschprung. Su empleo se recomienda en todos los servicios de Gastroenterología Pediátrica.On registering pressure changes in the muscular hollow organs, the anorectal manometric study has allowed to reach conclusions about the mechanism of anorectal continence, the sphincteral function and the anorectal sensation. The method of perfused catheters and intrarectal balloon was used to attain the stimulus by distention. 340 patients, 214 males and 126 females with an average age of 6.5 years old, were studied. Patients were divided into 3 groups

  16. IMPLEMENTING SMALL AND MEDIUM IT PROJECTS IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix DUMITRESCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Information technology is essential nowadays for all companies. Small enterprises are an important part of the economy and this article aims at providing some useful insight in implementing modern IT projects to their benefit. Due to the limited funding available for the IT infrastructure in most start-ups and small businesses, the projects should be adapted to fulfill the needs of the company for the lowest cost. The paper will start by defining small and medium project management theory and outlining the target of the study, small and medium sized companies. Next it will show a number of case studies of IT projects implemented in different types of small companies in Romania. Based on these implementations the article will draw some conclusions relevant to most small companies which need to design or improve their IT infrastructure.

  17. Gestão do desenvolvimento de produto em empresas de pequeno e médio porte do setor de máquinas e implementos agrícolas do Estado de SP Product development process management in small and medium-sized Brazilian companies in the agricultural machinery and implement industry sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos de Toledo

    2010-01-01

    The product development process (PDP, if well-structured and managed, can become a business process that directly influences the companies' competitiveness increase. The PDP in Brazilian SMEs in the agricultural machinery and implement industry Sector (AMI is little known since most publications on product development focuses on the reality of large and multinational companies, which have a quite different structure from SMEs. The purpose of this paper is to characterize and analyze the management maturity profiles of the product development process in small and medium sized Brazilian companies in the agricultural machinery and implement industry sector located in the state of São Paulo. Therefore, the addressed actions of PDP improvements in those companies can be undertaken. A survey research was conducted in 40 companies. An in loco interview was applied to the respective individual in-charge of PDP by means of a structured questionnaire. For the data analysis, descriptive statistics and the multivariate cluster analysis techniques were used. The findings indicated that the SMEs in AMIs of the state of Sao Paulo present a heterogeneous structure with respect to PDP management. Three groups of companies were identified in the sample with different maturity PDP profiles: Group I (20% of companies in the sample, Group II (50% of the sample, and Group III (30% of the sample. Differences in the management of PDP were observed, especially among companies of Group I (smallest level of PDP maturity and Group III (highest level of PDP maturity. However, despite the differences in PDP management presented in the groups of companies, according to the literature on PDP management, all groups are in the basic (initial maturity level of PDP. The identification of the maturity level, in which these companies are, can help the determination of activities that link the internal actions to improve the PDP of these companies and the proposal of specific public policies that encourage the

  18. Diagnóstico e intervenção em empresas médias: uma proposta de (reorganização das atividades do Processo de Desenvolvimento de Produtos Diagnosis and intervention in medium size companies: a proposal for (reorganization of activities in the Product Development Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Elisa Echeveste

    2010-09-01

    from different sectors, this paper presents a method for the structuralization of PDP activities. The proposal focuses on two specific elements: (i a method for intervention and (ii a method for activity organization. Together, they represent an effective alternative for medium size companies searching to improve their PDP organization.

  19. Fatores críticos de sucesso no gerenciamento de projetos de desenvolvimento de produto em empresas de base tecnológica de pequeno e médio porte Critical success factors in the project management of product development in medium and small technology-based companies (TBC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos de Toledo

    2008-04-01

    product developed considering its success or failure. Furthermore, the degree of such success depends on managerial factors applied during the project development. The objective of this article is to identify and analyze critical success factors in the project management of new products development in small and medium size TBCs. The developed projects analyzed were carried out by medical and hospital equipment companies (MHE or by process control automation (PCA sectors, both located in the State of São Paulo. The research method was based on a mapping survey applying a structured questionnaire to some companies. The data were collected from 62 companies, namely 30 in the MHE sector and 32 in the PCA sector, which have been carrying out those projects already. The results show that new products project management in TBCs should involve actions adding more value to the pre-development activities such as the assessment of the new product market potential, effective understanding of the market needs and synergy between the new product/project, and other company's products/projects. Besides, the results also increase the importance of improving managerial skills and project managers (or leaders interpersonal relationship. Generally, during the product development, these managers (or leaders should overcome the company's managerial and organizational deficiencies.

  20. SUPPLY –CHAIN AND LOGIC MODELS FOR THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    VISILEANU Emilia; ENE Alexandra; CĂRPUŞ Eftalea; MIHAI Carmen; SCARLAT Răzvan

    2014-01-01

    The textile and clothing industry is characterized by specific supply-chain models with companies situated in a complex cluster type structure. Depending on the size, the volume and the variety of production, companies can be classified as follows: large companies, griffes, medium size companies and subcontracting companies. The logic of companies is defined by the main feature of the textile and clothing field, namely the logic of collections, determined by the seasonality and classified ...

  1. The Digital Medium Meets the Advertising Message.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisenholtz, Martin

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the likelihood that companies will use online services as an advertising medium. Topics addressed include the art of interactive marketing; advertising in the digital age; early experiments with interactive marketing, including the use of videotex and videodisc; and recent trends that set the stage for interactive marketing to personal…

  2. Application of Method of Financial Risk in Serbian Companies - Survey Sample Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelisavka Bulatovic

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to obtain information on the use of financial instruments hedging the Serbian large and medium-sized enterprises, as well as to detect any differences between the characteristics of companies that use them or not used. Survey researches based on telephone interviews with financial or accounting managers with a stratified random sample of 101 Serbian companies and conducted in 2010. The contribution of this study comes from testing hypotheses about the relationships between the characteristics of Serbian companies and the use of financial instruments hedging. Finally, in the future, researchers should make use of this work and make a deeper study based on differentiation from Serbian companies. In this way, it would be possible to include different sizes of companies (on the number of employees to include different types of financial measures in relation to the size of the company, for example, the factor of annual revenues.

  3. Switching of servers in small and medium-sized companies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huser, A.

    2001-07-01

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) looks at the feasibility of switching off electronic data processing servers during periods of none-use, such as during the night or over the weekend. The results of a representative survey made in the German-speaking part of Switzerland are presented that have shown that acceptance is high if fully-developed and reliable systems are available. The feasibility of switching off servers, which has been demonstrated in four pilot installations, is discussed. In these projects, the goal was to cut operating times of central network components such as servers, printers etc. Measures taken to inform users of planned switch-off times and the possibilities they are given to change or override these are discussed. Other advantages to be gained from controlled, automatic shut-down of these components such as better reliability and security, time-savings for administrators and energy savings of more than 50% are discussed. The report recommends that further pilot projects be carried out with the ultimate goal of integrating the functions in commercial products.

  4. La importancia de la protección de las playas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Las playas son una parte importante de la vida en Estados Unidos. Las playas ofrecen un sinnúmero de beneficios para el medio ambiente, actividades recreativas y la economía local. Aprenda la importancia de las playas y cómo protegerlas.

  5. La importancia de palmas en el oeste de la cuenca Amazónica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balslev, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Las palmas forman un elemento conspicuo y dominante en muchos bosques tropicales en el oeste de la cuenca Amazónica. Existen alrededor de 100 especies de palmas en la zona, y tienen densidades de hasta 8000 individuos por hectárea. Además de su importancia ecológica, las palmas son de gran import...

  6. Uso de herramientas de mejoramiento y su incidencia en costos, fallas y factores de éxito de grandes y medianas empresas industriales del Valle de Aburrá Use of improvement tools and their impact on costs and on key success factors for large and medium industrial companies of Valle de Aburrá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Pérez Rave

    2010-01-01

    encontraron diferencias respecto al tipo de herramienta, lo que hace notorio el apoyo de la academia y el gobierno al mejoramiento de las PYMES, enfocando la estrategia no en el QUÉ, sino en el CÓMO interiorizarla en las personas.This paper describes the use of several improvement tools and benefit levels obtained in production processes in large and medium-sized enterprises of the Metropolitan Area of Medellín (Aburrá Valley. The impact on organizational factors such as quality cost, machine failure, planning, and scheduling failure, as well success factors, were analyzed. This study was conducted analyzing variables to make comparisons between groups of companies according to size. A sample of 40 medium-sized and large enterprises were analyzed using tools of descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. This study shows that medium-sized enterprises differ from large companies on use of improvement tools and the large firms gain greater benefit. This work also provides the academic and business community with a greater understanding of the influences in the performance of large and medium enterprises as a consequence of the use of improvement tools. In large enterprises that have implemented improvement tools in the last three years, lower quality costs and failures in planning / scheduling were found; whereas they were higher are higher in the medium firms investigated. There were no differences between the improvement tools regarding these variables, thus the support of academia and government to the improvement of SMEs is evident focusing on strategy rather than the "WHAT" but "HOW" to incorporate the improvement tool within people.

  7. Global gas company profiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    This report provides a detailed assessment of 60 of the top gas companies form around the world, analysing them according to their internal dynamics and in relation to their competitors. It devotes each chapter to an individual company, providing invaluable insight into the organisation's operational background, financial performance and strategic goals. Using the most up-to-date information available, Global Gas Company Profiles allows you to make detailed analysis of each company's performance and future direction. (author)

  8. MERGER ACCOUTING FOR COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUCIU GHEORGHE

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Companies, especially nowadays, are characterized through great mobility, fast circulation of capital, occurring in their chase for profit. In this context, companies look for alliances, economical and political assistance. These objectives can materialize through merging of companies. The merger can be internal (between Romanian companies or transboundary, which includes foreign companies. In order to correctly reflect these events, the merger operations must be regulated and must respect national and international regulations. One important request concerning the merger operations is that the accounting values of the assets, debts and ownership equity must be brought to the present financial value.

  9. Redescubriendo El suelo: Su importancia ecológica y agrícola

    OpenAIRE

    Noé Manuel Montaño; Rosalva García Sánchez

    2016-01-01

    Redescubriendo el suelo: su importancia ecológica y agrícola es un libro muy completo, actualizado y sin duda será de consulta obligada para quienes hacen investigación edafológica y como material elemental para los cursos de pre- y posgrado de suelo y materias afines, tanto en México como en América Latina.

  10. Importancia de la gerencia en la pequeña y mediana industria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Hernández Rojas

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Dada la importancia que siempre han tenido las pequeñas y medianas industrias dentro del panorama económico nacional y dado la complejidad que presentan en su creación y estructura administrativa, financiera y técnica, las gerencias de las mismas se convierte en una gestión primordial para lograr máximos beneficios como resultado de su actividad.

  11. “LA IMPORTANCIA DE LA GENERACIÓN DE CONTENIDOS EN EL CONTEXTO DIGITAL”

    OpenAIRE

    Neyra Rodríguez, Milagros Rocío

    2017-01-01

    La investigación tiene como Objetivo: Describir la importancia de la generación de contenidos en el contexto digital. Método: La investigación es de diseño no experimental, de tipo descriptivo. Conclusión: La generación de contenidos comunicacionales va directamente relacionada a los objetivos de producto, marketing, publicitarios, etc. Trabajo de investigacion Revisión por pares

  12. EL POTENCIAL DE LAS PREGUNTAS Y SU IMPORTANCIA EN EL APRENDIZAJE DE LOS NIÑOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherin Torres Torres

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Las preguntas están presentes a lo largo de nuestra vida, pues son la manera por la cual intentamos buscar respuestas o dar explicaciones a todo fenómeno que nos rodea, y desde este punto de vista que las preguntas cobran gran importancia en el desarrollo del aprendizaje de los niños, basándose en el enfoque de Investigación Dirigida, se desarrollo una unidad didáctica la cual se enfoco en potenciar los cuestionamientos por parte de los niños sobre el temas como el medio ambiente, el reciclaje y los problemas presentes en su entrono. Este escrito muestra cual es la importancia de potenciar los cuestionamientos y qué importancia tiene estos en el aprendizaje de los niños. Los resultados luego del desarrollo de la unidad didáctica evidencian que potenciar cuestionamientos en los niños, generan una respuesta positiva por parte de los niños, contribuyeron en la comprensión de la contaminación y el reciclaje.

  13. Open Source Telecommunication Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Liu

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Little is known about companies whose core business is selling telecommunications products that lever open source projects. Open source telecommunications (OST companies operate in markets that are very different from typical software product markets. The telecommunications market is regulated, vertically integrated, and proprietary designs and special chips are widely used. For a telecommunications product to be useful, it must interact with both access network products and core network products. Due to specifications in Service Agreements Levels, penalties for failures of telecommunications products are very high. This article shares information that is not widely known, including a list of OST companies and the open source projects on which they depend, the size and diversity of venture capital investment in OST companies, the nature of the commercial product-open source software and company-project relationships, ways in which OST companies make money, benefits and risks of OST companies, and competition between OST companies. Analysis of this information provides insights into the ways in which companies can build business models around open source software. These findings will be of interest to entrepreneurs, top management teams of incumbent companies that sell telecommunications products, and those who care about Ontario's ability to compete globally.

  14. Public Shareholdership Energy Companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kist, A.W.; Crone, F.J.M.; Hudig, D.F.; Ketting, N.G.; De Swaan, T.; Willems, R.

    2008-06-01

    National and international developments on the energy markets and changes in legislation and regulation require a renewed strategic orientation of energy companies and their shareholders. Decentralized authorities will have to reconsider their position as a shareholder in energy companies carefully. This report provides an overview of the recommendations of the Kist Commission on how provinces and municipalities can make a well-considered choice as shareholder of energy companies. [mk] [nl

  15. The Danish East India Company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig

    2005-01-01

    The article analysis the first Danish East India Company incorporated in 1616, which was the first Danish Stock Company and which has impacts even on modern Danish company la......The article analysis the first Danish East India Company incorporated in 1616, which was the first Danish Stock Company and which has impacts even on modern Danish company la...

  16. INNOVATIVE CULTURE IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aluisio Broering Mambrini

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In the last two decades, innovation has been a key driver of economic growth. Innovation is closely related to creating value and generating wealth through successful service to consumer needs. Thus, it is not necessarily restricted to the use of new knowledge generated from research, but on the development of new products or services that are obtained with creative use of knowledge, new or already known. This study aimed to identify management practices that promote a culture of innovation in small and medium enterprises and analyze how they contribute to the innovative capacity of these companies. The research method was the multiple case study with six small and medium businesses that have at least one case of significant innovation in its history. The main results showed that amongst the practices are: a performance in highly specialized niches and deep focus on customer needs; b strong investment and incorporation of new knowledge outside the company (open innovation; c speed and agility in the absorption and deployment of new knowledge and technologies; d retention of employees; e acting as an integrator combining diverse knowledge and technologies; f the information management of the knowledge acquired by the company; g little concern to patent the technology; h flexibility and informal, fluid and open communication between employees of the company that promotes agility in management and i the management of partnerships across the value chain, including the functional areas.

  17. Determinación de un Modelo de Negocios para Apoyar el Desarrollo de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa basado en Casos de Éxito (Development of a Business Model based on Success Stories to Support Small and Medium Size Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Quesada Pineda

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente proyecto tiene como meta principal delinear unmodelo de negocios para la introducción o mantenimiento a laeconomía de pequeñas y medianas empresas (pyme. El modelo sebasa en los resultados de encuesta a pymes exitosas en Costa Rica.La encuesta se diseñó a partir de un estudio extenso de la literaturaen pymes que identificó los factores más críticos que afectanel desempeño de las pymes. La encuesta se envió a más de doscientasempresas pyme y se obtuvieron veinticinco cuestionarioscompletos y en buen estado. Se utilizaron técnicas estadísticas parapurificar y validar los factores del modelo de investigación propuesto.Una vez depurada la muestra de datos, se hicieron análisis devarianza para evaluar las relaciones de los factores planteados. Losresultados indican que el éxito empresarial está íntimamente relacionadocon los factores Administración Estratégica y Recursos Humanos.Además, hay una fuerte relación positiva con el factor Procesosde Valor Agregado y Desempeño Empresarial. La limitaciónmás importante radica en el tamaño de la muestra, sin embargo, loresultados obtenidos son válidos y aplicables para otros proyectosacadémicos y, por supuesto, para fines prácticos.   ABSTRACT This work aims at establishing a business model forlaunching and/or managing Small and Medium size Enterprises(SMEs. The model is based on a survey made onsuccessful SMEs in Costa Rica designed using an extensiveSME literature research that identified the critical factorsaffecting SME performance. This survey was sent to morethan 200 companies and 25 very complete and valid questionnaireswere returned. Statistical treatment was usedto clean and validate the data who was then subjected tovariance analysis to establish relationships amongst factors.Results show entrepreneurial success is tightly related toStrategic Management and Human Resources, besides apositive relationship with Value Added Processes and Entrepreneurial

  18. Redução do lead time e entregas no prazo em pequenas e médias empresas que fabricam sob encomenda: a abordagem Worload Control (WLC para o Planejamento e Controle da Produção (PCP Lead time reduction and improved tardiness performance in small and medium sized Make-to-Order Companies: the Workload Control (WLC approach, a solution for Production Planning and Control (PPC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Thurer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A maior parte da literatura a respeito de Planejamento e Controle da Produção (PCP é focada em estudar e desenvolver aplicativos para grandes empresas, principalmente de ambiente repetitivo. Nesse contexto, são as poucas as alternativas para o PCP para pequenas e médias empresas que fabricam sob encomenda, as quais têm papel fundamental na atual economia brasileira. Em resposta a essa demanda, o presente trabalho objetiva apresentar uma abordagem para o PCP denominada Controle de Carga (Workload Control - WLC. Essa abordagem é reconhecidamente um método com potencial para trazer melhorias no lead time, no estoque em processo e na pontualidade de entregas em ambientes que fabricam sob encomenda (Make-To-Order - MTO. Primeiramente, o artigo apresenta a abordagem WLC, revisando e discutindo os principais assuntos tratados pela literatura internacional na área. Após isso, o desempenho do WLC é avaliado por meio de simulação. Os resultados mostram o potencial de melhorias no lead time e nas ordens em atraso que o WLC pode trazer a pequenas e médias empresas que fabricam sob encomenda. Dessa forma, o presente trabalho pretende contribuir tanto para a teoria a respeito de tal abordagem, praticamente introduzindo tal assunto na literatura brasileira, como para a prática, fornecendo e demonstrando, por meio de simulação, aos gerentes de PCP, uma alternativa para suas empresas trabalharem rumo a baixos lead times e de acordo com modernos paradigmas de produção, tais como o Lean Manufacturing e o Quick Response Manufacturing.The majority of Production Planning and Control (PPC literature is focused on the study and development of solutions for large companies, especially in repetitive environments. Therefore, there are few specific PPC solutions available in the literature for small and medium sized companies (SMC operating in a Make -to-Order (MTO environment. This paper presents the Workload Control (WLC, which is a useful PPC approach

  19. Virtual Company and Modelbank

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsteinsson, Uffe

    1996-01-01

    Ansøgning til Socrates programmet vedr. Tematisk netværk inden for området Virtual Company and Modelbank......Ansøgning til Socrates programmet vedr. Tematisk netværk inden for området Virtual Company and Modelbank...

  20. Conclusion: The balanced company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheuer, John Damm; Jensen, Inger

    2013-01-01

    This concluding chapter brings together the various research findings of the book "The balanced company - organizing for the 21st Century" and develops a general overview of their implications for our understanding of the balancing processes unfolding in companies and organizations....

  1. Company cases Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tølle, Martin; Pedersen, Jørgen Lindgaard

    2005-01-01

    The Danish part of the publication describes two Danish cases with foreign companies taking over Danish companies. The first case is from software industry where Datacentralen (DC) was taken over by American company Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) in 1986. DC delivered IT - solutions...... IT - solitions. CSC wanted to buy DC to penetrate the Nordic market. Some effects can be mentioned: Employment in CSC - DK is in 2003 1,700 persons or 2,600 including other companies bought up recently. In innovation positive effects can be registered from contacts with CSC - International. Not only from access...... - Laboratoriet, Benzon - Pharma and Pharma - Medica during years 1988 - 1991.Nycomed wants to establish itself as a company on European level.After a decade with different owners, fusions and splitting ups a construction in which head quarter and R&D move to Denmark close to Copenhagen. The importance...

  2. VULNERABILITY OF COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARMEAN ANDREEA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In present, the study of vulnerability of companies is increasing in every field due to the unstable economic environment influences. The object of this research is to define and identify vulnerabilities of companies and the establishment of evaluation methods at their level. This article emphasizes the importance and usefulness of one of the best known model in this way, from our point of view, namely Băileşteanu, Negrila Pattern. This pattern covers both external factors and internal ones, that increase vulnerabilities of companies, and fit the companies in which the state of vulnerability are (vitality, viability, vulnerability, high vulnerability, difficulty and high difficulty, with a matrix. The result of the research is that any company belonging to any field, can be analyzed using this model, and assigned to one of the conditions defined within.

  3. Hadrons in medium

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    medium properties of hadrons. I discuss the relevant symmetries of QCD and how they might affect the observed hadron properties. I then discuss at length the observable consequences of in-medium changes of hadronic properties in reactions with ...

  4. Medium is the message

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuipers, G.; Ritzer, G.

    2012-01-01

    "The medium is the message" is a phrase coined by Canadian media theorist Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), in his book Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (1964). In this book, McLuhan examines the impact of media on societies and human relations, arguing for the primacy of the medium -

  5. Importancia de la coordinación entre el comedor escolar y las familias en Cantabria.

    OpenAIRE

    Río-Sánchez, Sonia

    2013-01-01

    Actualmente por los diferentes estilos de vida que se llevan en nuestra sociedad, cada vez se da menos importancia al momento de la comida, muchas veces por falta de tiempo y otras de interés, por lo que los niños pueden llegar a tener una mala alimentación. La mala alimentación en edades tempranas puede ser la causa y el inicio de muchos problemas en el desarrollo del niño/a, como por ejemplo la obesidad infantil. Por eso es muy importante inculcar buenos hábitos alimenticios desde las pr...

  6. Climaterio y menopausia: importancia de su atención en el nivel primario

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Lugones Botell; Tania Y Quintana Riverón; Yolanda Cruz Oviedo

    1997-01-01

    Se realiza una revisión relacionada con el climaterio y la menopausia donde se relacionan sus bases anatomofisiológicas con los diversos aspectos biológicos, psicosociales, sexuales y con las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles y el cáncer ginecológico, en la que se resalta la necesidad de una atención diferenciada y especializada, así como integral, de estas mujeres, por la importancia que tiene mejorar la calidad y el estilo de vida para hacer prevención y promoción de salud.A review con...

  7. La importancia de la Inteligencia Emocional en los docentes en Educación Primaria.

    OpenAIRE

    Covacho-Antón, Arancha

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo refleja la importancia de la Inteligencia Emocional en los docentes, que parece estar en un segundo plano, siendo eclipsada por el cociente intelectual, pero no por no ser evaluada es menos importante. De aquí en adelante se verá cómo no hay una sola inteligencia, pues que para un éxito tanto laboral como personal son necesarias unas habilidades emocionales que ayuden a afrontar diferentes situaciones a las que los docentes se enfrentan día a día. Por tanto será tan importante un...

  8. EL POTENCIAL DE LAS PREGUNTAS Y SU IMPORTANCIA EN EL APRENDIZAJE DE LOS NIÑOS

    OpenAIRE

    Katherin Torres Torres

    2014-01-01

    Las preguntas están presentes a lo largo de nuestra vida, pues son la manera por la cual intentamos buscar respuestas o dar explicaciones a todo fenómeno que nos rodea, y desde este punto de vista que las preguntas cobran gran importancia en el desarrollo del aprendizaje de los niños, basándose en el enfoque de Investigación Dirigida, se desarrollo una unidad didáctica la cual se enfoco en potenciar los cuestionamientos por parte de los niños sobre el temas como el medio ambiente, el reciclaj...

  9. Importancia de los aspectos psicosociales en la enfermedad celíaca

    OpenAIRE

    Trini Fragoso Arbelo; Tamara Díaz Lorenzo; Elvira Pérez Ramos; Rebeca Milán Pavón; Ernesto Luaces Fragoso

    2002-01-01

    Se revisan los conceptos clínicos actuales sobre la enfermedad celíaca. Se definen con precisión los términos enfermedad celíaca activa, silente, latente y potencial. Se enfatiza en los aspectos psicosociales que influyen en su tratamiento y se trazan pautas generales acerca del manejo integral de los pacientes afectados, dada la importancia de la dieta sin gluten de por vida como único tratamiento.The current clinical concepts of celiac disease are reviewed. The terms active, silent, latent ...

  10. Invertebrados marinos de importancia comercial en la costa Pacífica de Panamá.

    OpenAIRE

    Posada, J. M.; Piedra, A.; Ross, E.; Díaz, J.M.; Sánchez, G. Nikolas; Guerra, Z.; De Leon, M.

    2014-01-01

    En la costa del Pacífico de Panamá se concentra el 95% de la actividad pesquera del país y el 80% de su población. La pesca es de suma importancia en nuestra economía, es el segundo producto de exportación después del banano y representa una fuente de empleo considerable para las poblaciones costeras. Los invertebrados marinos (langosta, camarón y moluscos) representaron, entre el 2003 y el 2012, un promedio del 11% del total de las exportaciones de los productos acuático...

  11. LA HIDROXIAPATITA, SU IMPORTANCIA EN LOS TEJIDOS MINERALIZADOS Y SU APLICACIÓN BIOMÉDICA

    OpenAIRE

    Margarita Victoria García-Garduño; José Reyes-Gasga

    2006-01-01

    La hidroxiapatita en los tejidos mineralizados reviste una gran importancia ya que se ha demostrado que es un material biocompatible, con aplicación biomédica en Odontología, Ortopedia y Cirugía Máxilofacial. Es el cristal principal de huesos y dientes ya que les confiere su dureza característica y, acompañado por la colágena, los huesos presentan determinada elasticidad. En la naturaleza se le encuentra formando parte de rocas metamórficas. En los tejidos vivos, la hidroxiapatita y sus precu...

  12. La importancia de los materiales en las viviendas de muy bajo coste

    OpenAIRE

    Salas, Julián

    1992-01-01

    El texto que sigue se encuadra en el contexto de intentar enmarcar la importancia considerable del capítulo de los materiales de construcción en el subsector de las viviendas de muy bajo coste en los Países en Vías de Desarrollo en general, y en Latinoamérica en particular. El autor trata de cuantificar, en forma global, la repercusión de los materiales en varios supuestos y como ésta aumenta al disminuir —prácticamente desaparecer— las partidas de instalaciones y acabados. De conformidad...

  13. La importancia del trabajo propioceptivo y de la fuerza en adultos mayores

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, Hernán

    2013-01-01

    Me decidí a realizar la siguiente ponencia para analizar y reconocer la importancia que implica el trabajo de la fuerza y la propiocepción en adultos mayores. El abordaje que efectuaré está enfocado en el desarrollo de la sarcopenia y el funcionamiento del sistema propioceptivo, como también el efecto que causa el ejercicio físico orientado hacia los problemas anteriormente mencionados. Analizaré los factores hormonales, neurales y la escasa actividad física que implica un creciente aum...

  14. Importancia del manual de los sistemas contables en el sistema de control interno.

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolás Valdés Rodríguez

    2007-01-01

    La dirección administrativa del país en los últimos 3 años ha insistido en la necesidad de profundizar en los mecanismos de control económico –financiero de las entidades, el presente trabajo va dirigido a contribuir en alguna medida a lograr ese propósito. El sistema contable de una Entidad forma parte indisoluble del Sistema de Control Interno de la misma, por la vinculación tan estrecha que existe entre los mismos. El objetivo fundamental del trabajo ”Importancia del Manual de ...

  15. Importancia médica de los alergenos de ácaros domésticos

    OpenAIRE

    Liliana Moreno; Luis Caraballo; Leonardo Puerta

    1995-01-01

    En la actualidad, los trastornos respiratorios están entre los problemas de salud más frecuentes y, entre ellos, el asma aparece como una entidad muy común en niños y adultos. El asma alérgica es una enfermedad multifactorial. El componente ambiental es de gran importancia, lo cual ha sido ampliamente documentado gracias a los avances científicos que en los últimos años se han dado en el campo de la alergología experimental. Los ácaros domésticos son la principal fuente de alergenos en el pol...

  16. IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE COMPANY: THE CASE OF COMPANIES FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Mahmutović

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The discourse of globalization and its effects have been the most current topic in the field of economics in recent times. However, empirical research on the impact of globalization on companies, especially in transition countries, is very scarce. This paper focuses on the study of the impact of globalization on the performance of companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina by analyzing their interrelationships. The findings, in the case of companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, have confirmed earlier findings about the double impact of globalization by showing, on the one hand, its positive effects and, on the other hand, the negative effects on the performance of the companies. Additionally, the research results have shown that negative effects are felt more strongly in the case of small and medium-sized companies than in the case of large companies.

  17. Importancia de las competencias en la formación de enfermería

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Latrach-Ammar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: conocer la opinión de los profesionales e internos de enfermería sobre la importancia de las competencias de egreso en la formación de estudiantes para la práctica profesional en la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad Mayor de Chile, en el 2008. Método: estudio descriptivo de tipo transversal; la recolección de datos se efectuó mediante una encuesta autoadministrada en dos grupos: internos y profesionales de enfermería. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó estadística descriptiva. En los resultados se observa que los grupos encuestados aprecian que las competencias asistencial, general, educativa y de sello son "muy importantes para el desarrollo profesional"; sin embargo, el grado de importancia varía dependiendo de la función que ejercen los encuestados. Conclusión: la presente investigación permite validar, por parte de los egresados y profesionales, las competencias adquiridas por los estudiantes durante su formación universitaria, las cuales responden a las exigencias laborales y permiten la integración de los profesionales a la gestión académica.

  18. LA IMPORTANCIA Y EL NIVEL DE DESARROLLO DE LAS COMPETENCIAS EN PSICOLOGÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Alonso-Martín

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar qué importancia y nivel de desarrollo otorgan a las competencias genéricas, además de observar en qué espacios didácticos reportan haberlas ido adquiriendo y/o desarrollando, así como conocer la organización y planificación de su tiempo de trabajo autónomo. La muestra está compuesta por 83 estudiantes de 3º, 4º y 5º de psicología. Los resultados muestran que el nivel de importancia de las competencias está por encima del nivel de desarrollo alcanzado; los espacios didácticos predominantes son las clases teóricas y las prácticas. El mayor porcentaje de tiempo está dedicado a trabajar en grupo y preparar exámenes. Se han encontrado diferencias significativas en función del sexo, turno y curso. Se plantean sugerencias de mejora para aumentar la calidad docente.

  19. La importancia de la oralidad en la cultura contemporánea. El caso de

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. María Eugenia Boito

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo titulado "La importancia de la oralidad en la cultura contemporánea. El caso de "El caldero de los cuenteros en Córdoba" la idea es analizar las manifestaciones de la tradición oral en un grupo cultural de la provincia de Córdoba, observando desde una mirada comunicacional cómo las diferentes expresiones culturales son convocadas por este grupo mediante la oralidad.Esta manifestación cultural fue elegida como objeto de análisis ya que por sus características no participa en ninguno de los tres circuitos culturales que –según los teóricos- caracterizan la dinámica de las culturas urbanas latinoamericanas y nos parece importante abordar la oralidad como componente de cultura latinoamericana. Esta forma de encuentro en donde la tradición cultural de los distintos grupos se hace presente es el objeto de análisis de este trabajo, tratar de comprender la importancia de lo oral en la cultura cotidiana, en las tradiciones propias y ajenas, en definitiva, en el imaginario social de nuestros pueblos.

  20. KNOWLEDGE IN LEARNING COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandrina Cristina VASILE

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Changes are the only constant value in the current unpredictable economy. Under these circumstances leaders and employees must manage the external and internal environment and bring profitability for their companies. This paper gives an introductory approach to different perspective over learning companies in international literature. Different theoretical aspects, models and theories are taken into account for having a higher visibility to the complex concept of learning companies from leadership side to multiculturalism as the firm profitability should be the final goal of each economic system. The article concludes that not the process of learning is important but the adaptability to every different environment must be seen as vital.

  1. Organizational factors affecting safety implementation in food companies in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinda, Thanwadee

    2014-01-01

    Thai food industry employs a massive number of skilled and unskilled workers. This may result in an industry with high incidences and accident rates. To improve safety and reduce the accident figures, this paper investigates factors influencing safety implementation in small, medium, and large food companies in Thailand. Five factors, i.e., management commitment, stakeholders' role, safety information and communication, supportive environment, and risk, are found important in helping to improve safety implementation. The statistical analyses also reveal that small, medium, and large food companies hold similar opinions on the risk factor, but bear different perceptions on the other 4 factors. It is also found that to improve safety implementation, the perceptions of safety goals, communication, feedback, safety resources, and supervision should be aligned in small, medium, and large companies.

  2. Local interstellar medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crutcher, R.M.; and Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley)

    1982-01-01

    Analysis of the velocities of optical interstellar lines shows that the Sun is immersed in a coherently moving local interstellar medium whose velocity vector agrees with that of the interstellar wind observed through backscatter of solar H Lyα and He lambda584 photons. The local interstellar medium consists of both cool clouds and warm intercloud medium gas, has a mass of perhaps approx.30 M/sub sun/, does not have severe depletion of trace elements from the gas phase, and appears to be material which has been shocked and accelerated by stellar winds and supernovae associated with the Sco-Oph OB association

  3. Company environmental communication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andriola, L.; Luciani, R.; Borghini, S.

    2001-01-01

    Environmental communication is becoming a sine qua non for companies which are more and more pressed by the need to reinforce communication with interested parties: environmental groups, local communities, local and national authorities, employees, share-holders, banks, insurance companies, customers and consumers. Reliable environmental information, just like economical and property data, is now required during both company take-over and financing, and in some cases it can affect insurance premiums. In fact, environmental guarantees are more and more often required because breaching environmental regulations can entail legal sanctions going as far as suspension of business. There now also Green investment funds that engage their resources only against specific environmental guarantees on the part of the companies that, before being selected for the investment, are submitted to rather accurate questionnaires by the investment manager [it

  4. Schildberg Construction Company, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA is providing notice of a proposed Administrative Penalty Assessment against the Schildberg Construction Company, Inc. for alleged violations at its locations at 1605 218th Avenue, Osceola, IA 50213 and 34466 Elkhorn Trail, Graham, MO 64455.

  5. Corporate Social Responsibility in Food Manufacturing Companies – Environmental Dimensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ľudmila Nagyová

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The degree of a company’s acceptance and integration of the CSR concept is directly reflected in the fundamental principles of the company. Through the environmental sustainability, a company can make a positive contribution to the society and the natural environment. Competitive and cost pressures are the key drivers of sustainable development in the industry. Today, many international food and drink companies are delivering excellent achievements. The present paper tries to highlight how much are food manufacturing companies committed to caring for the environment as a main component of their CSR strategy. In order to fulfil the defined objectives of the paper, the primary and secondary sources of information were collected and used, as well as there was used the method of interview, using a questionnaire (total number of respondents was 100 food manufacturing companies. In our research the highest percentage of large, SMC and micro companies indicated the reduction of negative operational impacts as the most important commitment of companies in relation to environment. Most large companies invest to installing pollution reducing technology to improve environmental quality (67% and utilizing more environmentally friendly raw materials (51%. These areas indicated the highest percentage as well as for SMC. In the case of large companies there are more visible movements in environmental practices than in micro and small-medium companies.

  6. HIRENASD medium unstructured

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Unstructured HIRENASD mesh: - medium size (16 million nodes, 39 million elements) - for node centered solvers - 31.05.2011 - caution: dimensions in mm

  7. Concept medium programme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Peter

    2005-01-01

    The present essay is an attempt to determine the architectural project of the 21st century in relation to a modern conception of space as the medium of architecture, and of sociality as its program...

  8. The virtual oil company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garibaldi, C.A.; Haney, R.M.; Ross, C.E.

    1995-01-01

    In anticipation of continuing declines in upstream activity levels over the next 15 years, the virtual oil company model articulates a vision of fewer, leaner, but financially stronger firms that concentrate only on their core competencies and outsource the rest through well-structured partnering arrangements. Freed from the ''clutter,'' these leading companies will be in better position to focus on those opportunities that offer the potential for renewed reserve and revenue growth

  9. Concept medium programme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Peter

    2005-01-01

    The present essay is an attempt to determine the architectural project of the 21st century in relation to a modern conception of space as the medium of architecture, and of sociality as its program......The present essay is an attempt to determine the architectural project of the 21st century in relation to a modern conception of space as the medium of architecture, and of sociality as its program...

  10. Rights and duties of members of a limited liability company

    OpenAIRE

    Jančíková, Tereza

    2008-01-01

    Summary: The reason for choosing the topic of my thesis was primarily the popularity of a Limited Liability Company as a form of a corporation suitable especially for small and medium-sized undertakings and practical usability of the knowledge about this issue. During their life businessmen and other legal persons encounter the form of Limited Liability Company almost daily and they participate very often in its business with a prospect of profit. This is why the knowledge about the rights an...

  11. Sources of Value Creation in Born Global Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Augustyniak Dobrochna

    2017-01-01

    Research about the phenomenon of rapid internationalization of small and medium size companies has evolved over the last two decades. Nevertheless, questions about business models or value creation in born global enterprises are rarely addressed in the literature. The objective of this article is to develop a theoretical framework for analyzing the sources of value creation in the business models of international new ventures (INV) global companies, starting with adapting the model by Amit an...

  12. Physician-owned companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostuik, John P

    2007-05-15

    The author relates his experience in the development of a spinal implant development company (K2M) that is significantly advised by physicians. To provide information about the development of a spinal implant company (K2M) advised by a group of professional spinal surgeons. To relate the federal laws (STARK and anti-kickback) as they pertain to surgeon-influenced companies. To discuss the role of a scientific advisory board. A self-developed company was developed together with significant, but minority physician financial input and majority scientific advice. A privately owned spinal implant development corporation (K2M) was developed 3 years ago. Physician financial participation was less than 20% (Stark laws state no more than 40%). Users of product are greater than 60% non-investor physicians. The development of a large scientific advisory board has been very influential in product development. A privately owned spinal implant company (K2M) has been developed strictly within Federal laws. Its board of scientific advisors that receives recompense commissurate only with effort significantly impacts the company policy.

  13. ATMEA and medium power reactors. The ATMEA joint venture and the ATMEA1 medium power reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mathet, Eric; Castello, Gerard

    2012-01-01

    This Power Point presentation presents the ATMEA company (a joint venture of Areva and Mitsubishi), the main features of its medium power reactor (ATMEA1) and its building arrangement, indicates the general safety objectives. It outlines the features of its robust design which aim at protecting, cooling down and containing. It indicates the regulatory and safety frameworks, comments the review of the safety options by the ASN and the results of this assessment

  14. Curculiónidos de Importancia Forestal en México Curculiónidos de Importancia Forestal en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Darío Salas Araiza

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Important forest weevils of the Mexican Republic were listed, taking as a base various of the principal insect collections of Mexico, the certificates of entry of the Colección Leopoldo Tinoco Corona of the ICA-UG (Instituto de Ciencias Agrícolas de la Universidad de Guanajuato, and reports in the literature. Cited are 33 genera and 54 species of weevils, standing out, for the number of species and ther wide distribution, the genus Pissodes with six species, and for the number forestal hosts on which they feed, Conotrachelus neomexicanus, with 10 pine species. In oak trees the larva of Curculio occidentalis and Curculio spp. damage almost 50% of the acorns. InProsopis and Acacia trees the genera Sibinia and Pantomorus predominate. Se señalan los curculiónidos de importancia forestal en la República Mexicana, tomando como base los catálogos de algunas de las principales colecciones de insectos de México, los registros de la Colección “Leopoldo Tinoco Corona” del ICA-UG (Instituto de Ciencias Agrícolas de la Universidad de Guanajuato y los reportes de la literatura. Se citan 33 géneros y 54 especies de curculiónidos; destacándose por el número de especies y lo amplio de su distribución el género Pissodes con seis; y por el número de hospederos de los que se alimenta, Conotrachelus neomexicanus con 10 especies de pinos. En encinos, las larvas de Curculio occidentalis y Curculio spp. se alimentan del interior de las bellotas, causando hasta un 50% de daño. En Prosopis y Acacia predominan los géneros Sibinia y Pantomorus.

  15. Local timber firm looking forward to develop on medium term

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BUCS Lorant

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to outline the challenges faced by a local timber company in struggle to resist on medium-term on the market. There will be revealed the challenges the company is facing, and also the ways to adapt to the changing world of timber industry. There will be presented a short history of the founding and the evolution of the company on the local and international market, pointing out the relevant events which have marked the life of the company during the years. There will also be presented a short review of the competition on the market and the marketing strategy and policies which the company is using to be able to face the new challenges.

  16. Defined medium for Moraxella bovis.

    OpenAIRE

    Juni, E; Heym, G A

    1986-01-01

    A defined medium (medium MB) for Moraxella bovis was formulated. Nineteen strains grew well on medium MB. One strain was auxotrophic for asparagine, and another was auxotrophic for methionine. Strains of M. equi and M. lacunata also grew on medium MB. All strains had an absolute requirement for thiamine and were stimulated by or actually required the other growth factors in the medium.

  17. Restricciones de liquidez en microempresas y la importancia del financiamiento informal en Baja California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Ramírez-Urquidy

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La estructura industrial de México incorpora una proporción significativa de agentes que emprenden negocios a escalas reducidas y en un esquema de informalidad. Esta condición los aleja de los mercados formales de crédito, por lo que enfrentan una restricción permanente de liquidez. Este artículo prueba la hipótesis de que existen microempresas (MES no restringidas a pesar de esta limitación formal. Los resultados ilustran esta posibilidad al encontrar, en una muestra de mes del estado de Baja California, lo que implica el acceso a financiamiento externo y la importancia de las fuentes informales.

  18. Importancia de la Fauna como alimento para los Bribri y Cabécar de Talamanca

    OpenAIRE

    Altricher, Mariana

    2016-01-01

    Muchos pueblos indígenas y rurales pobres de Latinoamérica usan la vida silvestre para su sustento y nutrición, pero la sobrecacería produce una disminución de la fauna, afectando a la gente y los ecosistemas. Este estudio evaluó la importancia de la fauna como alimento en la Reserva Indígena Talamanca Bribri-Cabécar entre junio del 2006 y julio del 2007. Se estimó el consumo de animales silvestres y domésticos en cuatro comunidades Bribris y dos Cabécar de Talamanca Alta (> 200 msnm) y nueve...

  19. La importancia del pensamiento estadístico en la Ingeniería de Fiabilidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Caro

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Existe de modo creciente una notable inquietud por el control de la calidad en el tiempo, lo que ha dado lugar a la búsqueda de métodos capaces de abordar eficazmente el análisis de la fiabilidad. Los estudios de Grado y Máster de Ingeniería suelen ofrecer asignaturas tales como Estadística, Estadística Industrial, Control y Gestión de la Calidad o similares, donde se estudia la importancia de la fiabilidad y la calidad de los sistemas. En el ejercicio de sus atribuciones los ingenieros deberían desarrollar una nueva forma de pensar. El pensamiento estadístico es una manera de pensar, de comportarse, de actuar, de trabajar, de interacción con otros.

  20. Importancia de los aspectos psicosociales en la enfermedad celíaca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trini Fragoso Arbelo

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Se revisan los conceptos clínicos actuales sobre la enfermedad celíaca. Se definen con precisión los términos enfermedad celíaca activa, silente, latente y potencial. Se enfatiza en los aspectos psicosociales que influyen en su tratamiento y se trazan pautas generales acerca del manejo integral de los pacientes afectados, dada la importancia de la dieta sin gluten de por vida como único tratamiento.The current clinical concepts of celiac disease are reviewed. The terms active, silent, latent and potential related to celiac disease are accurately defined. Emphasis is made on the psychosocial aspects influencing its treatment and general guidelines are drawn on the comprehensive management of the patients suffering from this disease, given the importance of diet without gluten as the only lifelong treatment.

  1. IMPORTANCIA DEL COMERCIO ELECTRÓNICO Y SU INCIDENCIA EN LA LOGÍSTICA DE APROVISIONAMIENTOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mitre Aranda

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available

    El trabajo recoge la importancia y evolución del comercio electrónico desde su concepción tradicional hasta su aplicabilidad vía internet. Se examinan las ventajas e inconvenientes de la red como soporte del comercio electrónico y se pormenoriza sobre la problemática y las ventajas e inconvenientes que el uso del comercio electrónico produce en las actividades logísticas, en general, y en las de compras, en particular.

  2. La importancia de la I+D+i en el futuro de la industria textil

    OpenAIRE

    Carrión Fité, Francisco Javier

    2004-01-01

    La innovación tecnológica es fundamental para operar con éxito en el actual entorno de mercado, que es abierto, globalizado y competitivo. Se define la misma y se hace énfasis de su importancia para el futuro del sector textil-confección en España. En los ámbitos de la cadena textil en los cuales la innovación abre nuevas posibilidades se citan los logros en procesos de fabricación de hilados, los textiles técnicos, los nuevos materiales conseguidos a través de las nanotecnologías y las n...

  3. How Well are Water Companies Engaged in CSR?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauesen, Linne Marie

    2014-01-01

    ” lie behind. Design/methodology/approach – The paper shows a qualitatively, ethnographic investigation and discourse analysis of privatized water companies from four different political and market economy nations; small- and medium-sized water companies from the social-democratic state of Denmark...... implications of this study suggest a transformation of political instrumentation from rule-setting to incentives making to make public water service companies even more engaged in “explicit” CSR to obtain more authenticity and a higher level of legitimacy in the field compared to the strong tradition...

  4. Estructura e importancia de la cadena productiva y comercial de la miel en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Magaña Magaña

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Los objetivos fueron analizar la importancia socioeconómica de la cadena productiva y del proceso comercial de la miel en México, así como examinar la problemática e influencia que dicho proceso ejerce en apicultor, en particular sobre el comportamiento de los precios, el valor generado y su distribución. Se utilizaron como marco metodológico y teórico los fundamentos del comercio interregional y de la economía de los mercados agrarios, los cuales permiten analizar la integración y relación entre los niveles de mercado. Se encontró que la importancia socioeconómica de la apicultura se limita principalmente a su aporte de divisas y generación de empleos e ingresos en el medio rural. El principal canal de comercialización de la miel a granel lo conforman el apicultor, los acopiadores rurales, la empresa comercializadora mayorista y el agente comercial internacional. La producción y comercialización de miel está integrada para su acopio, proceso y entrega al comercializador externo o, en su caso, su distribución al mercado interno, pero con limitado beneficio al apicultor. La cosecha y oferta de miel en el mercado se concentra en pocos meses; esta situación y la necesidad de liquidez de los productores, favorece la ventaja de apropiación de valor que tienen los otros eslabones de la cadena, en especial el mayorista, quien determina el precio. Así, el valor que se agrega a la miel en la cadena productiva y comercial no se distribuye equitativamente, y su diferencia estriba en la capacidad de apropiación o poder de mercado de cada participante.

  5. Countries and companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jenning, J.S.

    1990-01-01

    The trends and factors currently emerging are likely to have significant influence on the way the upstream oil and gas industry evolves in the coming decade. This paper discusses how these trends might influence events in the 1990s, particularly how they might influence relationships between host countries and companies in the oil industry. State owned companies will dominate the industry in resource terms. These statcos fall into three groups: a small group of technically able, financially sound, well-managed companies; a group of consumer statcos that have limited domestic production but significant domestic demand; a large group that are finding it difficult to maintain their production facilities in good standing to maximize recovery from their resources. This paper describes the future private sector as consisting of the Surviving Sisters and smaller, private companies very active in the upstream. How will these various players behave in the years to come? Conventional activity in the upstream will continue as companies seek to optimize their upstream portfolios

  6. Spiegel. Medium. Kunst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    and cultural perspective. From 1800 on, the great incentive was to push forward the material-physical and optical-mechanical and especially the media ‘exploitation’ of the mirror. The significance of the mirror as a central meta-medium of the visual emerged in a particularly striking way in the late 1830s....... That ricochets through media theory, theories of art and culture and through cultural historiography. A repository is one thing, a transmitter another: the distinction will act crucially on the quest for appropriate perspectives and classifications of what in terms of disciplines would rather appear...... or as synaesthesia gone mute. It stands in contrast with the mirror, which assumes the status of a medium facility or meta-medium of visual transference, encountering its only medial and operative limitation within the analogue or digital repository media. The present proposal for an artistic and cultural history...

  7. Companies as "Cyborgs"?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, Grahame

    This paper investigates the legal and commercial consequences of companies being considered as both an entity and a person in law – hence the notion of ‘cyborg’ in its title. It concentrates upon legal personhood and relates this particular feature to the issue of corporate citizenship. In turn...... corporate citizenship provides a link to considering the political role of companies, since in claiming citizenship they are implicitly at least claiming a particular set of political rights consequent upon that status, and announcing a particular politically constrained context associated...... with their operational characteristics. But what would be involved in granting companies full citizenship rights in the image of natural person citizenship? The paper explores this issue in connection to the differences between corporate social responsibility and an earlier idea of the socially responsible corporation...

  8. Chinese Companies in Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Kessler

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, some of China’s leading firms have made headlines with their European expansion, by either opening new facilities or by acquiring or merging with significant enterprises in Europe. The goal of this paper is to contribute to the existing literature by examining Chinese enterprises expanding into Switzerland. The study also allows some conclusions for Chinese companies entering Central and Eastern Europe. We analyze via interviews the motivations of Chinese companies to expand into Switzerland as well as their behavior and the impediments in their internationalization process. Our findings show that Chinese companies fail to take advantage of certain benefits of western economies (such as open information and stable rule of law. To move forward efficiently, they should develop competence in dealing systematically with readily available market information, building professional networks that recognize a separation between business life and personal life, and managing their Chinese and foreign employees in the foreign cultural environment.

  9. RESTRUCTURING COMPANIES UNDER CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hezi Aviram SHAYB

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nobody is planning to fail, but many companies are failing because of lack of planning. Real business experience showed during the years that crisis can be prevented, avoided or limited. If detected in time, the risks associated with the crisis can be mitigated and the effects can be diminished, with the condition that the actions required are done fast, in a sharp and accurate manner. When it comes, a crisis brings an intense level of pressure and under these conditions there is no time or room for mistakes. Delays, losing focus and lack of planning will bring a company one step away from failure. The right way to deal with crisis, if required measures are not done in time, is to minimize the losses and reposition in the best way possible. Analysing the success stories of some of the biggest and strongest companies in the world, led to an important conclusion: the majority of these companies were in the situation to face huge crises which threatened their ability to survive in certain moments, on their way to success. With the right planning and by setting a proper organisational structure, the negative aspects of the crisis can be turned into benefits and opportunities for the company. The most critical challenge for management is to assess the level of exposure to risk of the company and identify the key points to focus on in order to overcome the crisis and create value. In order to set up a strong plan in dealing with crisis, a business organisation needs reliable, efficient and effective tools and this is what this article is all about.

  10. Aspectos conceptuales y empíricos de la financiación de nuevas empresas en Colombia Conceptual and empirical aspects of the financing of new companies in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Barona Zuluaga

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación empírica sobre la utilización de diferentes fuentes de financiación por parte de empresas nuevas en los primeros anos de vida. El principal soporte conceptual del estudio es el paradigma del ciclo de crecimiento financiero desarrollado por Berger y Udell (1998, el cual explica satisfactoriamente los hallazgos encontrados en el componente empírico del estudio aquí presentado, que se basa en una encuesta realizada a 130 empresarios de la Ciudad de Cali (Colombia. Los entrevistados reportaron de manera mayoritaria el uso de recursos propios y de familiares y amigos y la retención de utilidades en los primeros anos de vida de una empresa. Le sigue en importancia a estas fuentes, la financiación provista por establecimientos de crédito; llama la atención la importancia relativa del leasing. Las recomendaciones mas importantes incluyen: fortalecer las fuentes de capital semilla, darle mayor peso en los cursos de finanzas de nivel universitario al estudio de los problemas de las empresas nuevas y MIPYMES, adelantar una reforma financiera que facilite la emisión de acciones y mejorar la cantidad y calidad de información pública disponible sobre la financiación de las empresas objeto de este estudio.This article presents the results of an empirical research on the type of financial resources used by a sample of new enterprises in their early years of life. The main conceptual support of the study is the financial growth cycle paradigm developed by Berger and Udell (1998. This paradigm successfully explains the findings in the empirical component of the study presented here, which is based on a survey of 130 entrepreneurs in the city of Cali, Colombia. The survey results highlighted the importance of the use of financial resources provided by the owner and theirs family and friends, and of the retention of profits in their companies in the early years. Next in importance is the

  11. Study on Municipal Energy Companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-07-01

    This is a summarizing overview of the local, renewable energy initiatives that are grouped under the heading of 'municipal energy company'. A municipal energy company (or sustainable energy company) is a local energy company that initiates, coordinates and/or manages sustainable energy projects with the primary objective of realizing the climate objectives. [nl

  12. COMPANY ACTIVITY FINANCIAL RISK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caruntu Genu Alexandru

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In economic and financial activity, risk is an inherent financial decisions, encountered in daily agenda of managers of companies. Unexpected changes in the price of a product development not only affect the financial results of a company, but can cause even bankruptcy. In fact, the nature of financial decisions involve uncertainty. Financial decisions are made based on cash flows under future contracts, which are par excellence incerte.Activitatea an enterprise that holds any weight in the industry is subject to risks, since it can not predict with certainty different components of its outcome (cost, quantity, price and operating cycle (purchase, processing, sales.

  13. Companies as "Cyborgs"?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, Grahame

    with their operational characteristics. But what would be involved in granting companies full citizenship rights in the image of natural person citizenship? The paper explores this issue in connection to the differences between corporate social responsibility and an earlier idea of the socially responsible corporation......This paper investigates the legal and commercial consequences of companies being considered as both an entity and a person in law – hence the notion of ‘cyborg’ in its title. It concentrates upon legal personhood and relates this particular feature to the issue of corporate citizenship. In turn...

  14. Concept medium program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Peter

    2003-01-01

    The present essays is an attempt to dertermine the architecural project of the 21st century in realation to a modern conception of space as the medium of architecture, and of society as its program. This attempt adopts the internal point of view of an architect in describing a modern architectura...

  15. Radon in geological medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hricko, J.

    1995-01-01

    The paper presented deals with behavior of the radon in geological medium and with some results of the radon survey in Bratislava and Kosice regions. 1) The a v has been detected in the holes 0.80 m deep. The density of observations - 3 reference areas (one represents 20 stations) per 1 km 2 . The radon risk maps in 1:25000 and 1:50000 scales have been compiled. The 56.8% of the project area lies in low radon risk, 37.6% in medium radon risk and 5.6% in high radon risk. Follow-up monitoring of the equivalent volume radon activity (EVRA) at the flats, located in the areas with high radon risk of the surface layer, has showed values several times higher than Slovak limits (Marianka, Raca, Vajnory). The evidence that neotectonic is excellent medium for rising up emanation to the subsurface layer, is shown on the map. The tectonic zone of Liscie udolie in Bratislava-Karlova Ves area has been clearly detected by profile radon survey (a v > 50 kBq/m 3 ). 2) At present, northern half of the area of Kosice in question was covered by radon survey. The low and medium radon risks have been observed here, while localities with high radon risk are small in extent. The part of radon risk and soil permeability map from northern Kosice area is shown. (J.K.) 3 figs., 2 refs

  16. Role of Relationship Marketing in Small and Medium-Sized Entreprises

    OpenAIRE

    Ružica Butigan; Ivana Mahnić

    2011-01-01

    Along with marketing, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are commonly associated in literature with relationship marketing which results in marketing networks. This paper examines the specific characteristics that differentiate large companies from small and medium-sized enterprises, and the reasons that prevent SMEs from engaging in traditional marketing within the scope of marketing mix. The paper also shows that the key characteristic which distinguishes small from large companies is a pr...

  17. Training in the Mexican company: a study of job training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alma Lilia Sapién Aguilar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The processes of training and instruction in a medium-sized Mexican company are not being understood as an investment that contributes to business success.The aim of this study was to analyze these processes. The methodological approach was exploratory and descriptive with a non-experimental or ex post facto design. The Mexican Business Information System was consulted and 17 medium-sized companies in the industrial sector were randomly chosen. The results indicated that in the median Mexican company decisive actions must be taken in order to achieve that training and instruction are no longer seen as an unnecessary expense. They need to be understood as the best investment one can make in human resources. Therefore, training and instruction must become a part of the work culture of any organization.

  18. DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS IN TRUCK COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bibiana Kaselyova

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Design of experiment (DOE represent very powerful tool for process improvement vastly supported by six sigma methodology. This approach is mostly used by large and manufacturing orientated companies. Presented research is focused on use of DOE in truck company, which is medium size and service orientated. Such study has several purposes. Firstly, detailed description of improvement effort based on DOE can be used as a methodological framework for companies similar to researched one. Secondly, it provides example of successfully implemented low cost design of experiment practise. Moreover, performed experiment identifies key factors, which influence the lifetime of truck tyres.Design/methodology: The research in this paper is based on experiment conducted in Slovakian Truck Company. It provides detailed case study of whole improvement effort, together with problem formulation, design creation and analysis, as well as the results interpretation. The company wants to improve lifetime of the truck tyres. Next to fuel consumption, consumption of tyres and their replacement represent according to them, one of most costly processes in company. Improvement effort was made through the use of PDCA cycle. It start with analysis of current state of tyres consumption. The variability of tyres consumption based on years and types was investigated. Then the causes of tyres replacement were identified and screening DOE was conducted. After a screening design, the full factorial design of experiment was used to identify main drivers of tyres deterioration and breakdowns. Based on result of DOE, the corrective action were propose and implement.Findings: Based on performed experiment our research describes process of tyres use and replacement. It defines main reasons for tyre breakdown and identify main drivers which influence truck tyres lifetime. Moreover it formulates corrective action to prolong tyres lifetime.Originality: The study represents full

  19. Medium-energy physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1980-01-01

    One of the basic challenges of medium-energy physics is the development of a clear picure of the manner in which pions propagate in nuclear matter. Since the pion is a basic quantum of the nuclear force, understanding its propagation in nuclei contributes to our understanding of the basic nature of nuclear forces. Key to such understanding is a comprehensive and precise experimental description of pion interactions both with complex nuclei and few nucleon systems. This is a major objective of the ANL effort in medium-energy physics. Experiments are carried out as a part of a comprehensive nuclear program, and, because of this perspective, the pion studies are expected to give new insights into the nature of nuclear forces. At the present time, almost all experimental activity is concentrated on measurements using various pion beams of the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility

  20. Liquid chromatographic extraction medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horwitz, E. Philip; Dietz, Mark L.

    1994-01-01

    A method and apparatus for extracting strontium and technetium values from biological, industrial and environmental sample solutions using a chromatographic column is described. An extractant medium for the column is prepared by generating a solution of a diluent containing a Crown ether and dispersing the solution on a resin substrate material. The sample solution is highly acidic and is introduced directed to the chromatographic column and strontium or technetium is eluted using deionized water.

  1. Hadrons in the medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leupold, Stefan

    2005-01-01

    QCD, the theory of the strong interaction, has a non-trivial vacuum structure. One way to characterize this structure is by means of non-vanishing matrix elements of quark or gluon operators, the condensates. In hot and/or dense enough strongly interacting media, QCD is subject to phase transitions or rapid crossovers. Consequently, the condensates typically change with density and temperature. An exciting aspect of hadron physics is the question how these changes affect the properties of hadrons which are put in a strongly interacting environment. Here vector mesons deserve special attention as they couple directly to (virtual) photons. The latter can decay into dileptons which leave the strongly interacting system untouched. Via that process information about possible in-medium modifications of the vector mesons can be carried to the detectors. With the ω-meson as an example I will review our current understanding of the connections between in-medium changes of condensates and the in-medium changes of the properties of hadrons. (author)

  2. Company profile: tengion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertram, Timothy

    2009-05-01

    Founded in 2005, Tengion is a clinical-stage organ regeneration company with products in urologic, vascular and renal regeneration based on its proprietary Autologous Organ Regeneration Platform. Tengion uses biocompatible materials and a patient's own (autologous) cells to assemble neo-organs or neo-tissues that are designed to catalyze the body's innate ability to regenerate. Tengion is a fully-integrated organization, with scalable US and European manufacturing and distribution capabilities, experienced research, development, clinical and commercial teams, and significant intellectual property. The company's corporate headquarters and commercial manufacturing facility are in East Norriton, PA, USA, and its research offices, a development laboratory and a pilot manufacturing facility are located in Winston-Salem, NC, USA. Tengion's product candidates may ultimately address the most critical problems facing organ and tissue failure patients, enabling people to lead healthier lives without donor transplants or the side effects of related therapies.

  3. The Leimert Phone Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl Baumann

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The Leimert Phone Company is a design collaborative that seeks to reimagine the phonebooth. We are repurposing old payphones for civic engagement and storytelling on local streets. The project was born in Leimert Park, a neighborhood in South Los Angeles famous for its African American culture. Across the country, public phonebooths are dying. Is this a hidden opportunity to reclaim physical space and shift the narrative of the neighborhood? We go beyond booths as wifi hotspots. This project reveals an ambitious strategy for a “payphone redesign,” mixing installation art with mobile technology and activism. Members of the Leimert Phone Company include a diverse mix of artists and technologists from Leimert (anchored by KAOS Network and the nearby University of Southern California (USC.

  4. Happy oil companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maincent, G.

    2009-01-01

    The decay of demand, the bad financial results of the first half of 2009 and the hypothetical depletion of reserves must not hide a reality: oil companies are passing through the economic crisis without much trouble. Even if profits have marked time in volume (-57% for BP, -65% for Shell..), the net margins have not significantly suffered and the available cash remains comfortable (14 billion euros for Total as an example). The perspectives offered by the new offshore sites (like Santos in Brazil) added to the fabulous promises of the Iraqi market where 'majors' can now make their come-back will be the key of success of oil companies. The overall exploration-production investments should start up again by the beginning of 2011. For the only offshore drilling domain, they should rise up by 32% during the 2009-2013 period which represents a sum of 367 billion dollars. (J.S.)

  5. La importancia de la cultura y la política en los procesos de desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Isla

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta una reflexión pormenorizada sobre la compleja relación de la antropología como ciencia social con la práctica del desarrollo en tanto intervención tendiente a transformar (mejorar los modos de vida de las poblaciones más relegadas. Se detallan una serie de núcleos temáticos que consideramos centrales para comprender más acabadamente el por qué de la relación enrevesada entre antropología y desarrollo. Asimismo se discute la importancia fundamental de los aspectos políticos y culturales de los procesos de desarrollo considerando a dichos procesos como espacios en los que permanentemente se consolidan y reformulan relaciones de poder entre las partes involucradas dando lugar a un sinnúmero de giros, marchas y contramarchas que se apartan substancialmente de los proyectos esbozados. Finalmente, proponemos -desde la antropología- retomar el análisis vigilante de estos aspectos políticos y culturales para dar lugar a procesos de intervención más controlados y más favorables para quienes los reciben.

  6. La importancia del faccionalismo en la política mesoamericana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bueno Bravo, Isabel

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last few years, mesoamerican studies have focused on power structure analyses which had formerly been left to the wayside but which, nevertheless, have been valued as key elements in the political development of European states. One of these aspects has been group power struggles to obtain political control. This article will explore the importance of factionalism as a dynamic factor in the complex mesoamerican politics of the postclassic period.

    Durante los últimos años, los estudios mesoamericanos están interesándose sobre ciertos aspectos que habían quedado soslayados al analizar las estructuras de poder y que, sin embargo, han sido valorados como elementos claves en el desarrollo político de los pueblos europeos. Uno de dichos aspectos ha sido la lucha de los grupos de poder por obtener el control político. En este artículo abordamos la importancia del faccionalismo como factor dinámico en la compleja política mesoamericana del período Postclásico.

  7. Las estrategias competitivas y su importancia en la buena gestión de las empresas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Castro Monge

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Las estrategias competitivas que desarrollan las empresas son un factor fundamental para saber la forma en que éstas van a competir en los mercados y de ellas dependerá si se tiene o no éxito en su gestión empresarial. Es de suma importancia que las empresas puedan identificar la estrategia o conjunto de estrategias más eficaces para competir eficientemente. Solo estableciendo la estrategia pertinente se pueden lograr las metas y objetivos propuestos por las empresas. Para que una estrategia sea exitosa, ésta debe ser coherente con los valores y las metas, con los recursos y capacidades de la misma, con su entorno, con su estructura y sistemas organizativos. El ensayo pretende entonces hacer un análisis de las cinco tipologías de estrategias competitivas más importantes tratadas en la literatura: Miles y Snow (1978, Porter (1980, Miller (1987, Mintzberg (1988 y Kotler (1992. Se trata de de encontrar sus cuestionamientos, similitudes y diferencias y se pretende dar una guía para que las empresas establezcan la estrategia que mejor se adecúa sus características.

  8. Repositorio de objetos de aprendizaje: importancia de su uso en la Universidad de Oriente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ing. Alfredo Díaz-Calzada

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available La creciente producción de materiales educativos en formatodigital ha promovido la aparición en estos últimos años, de repositorios que concentran valiosos recursos para docentes, estudiantes e instituciones educativas, en general.En la actualidad los proyectos de Repositorios de Objetos de Aprendizaje (ROA han ido en aumento, es por esto que este trabajo aborda el tema de los ROA y su uso en la Universidad de Oriente, para su desarrollo se hace una revisión de los conceptos básicos de los Objetos de Aprendizaje, ya que no se podría hablar de los ROA sin antes mencionar estos tipos de objetos y después se plantea el porqué del uso de este en la Universidad de Oriente y la estrategia a seguir para su implementación, además de la importancia que tiene la utilización de estos repositorios en la enseñanza-aprendizaje.

  9. Importancia agroecológica del coyul (Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca C. Ramírez Hernández

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart. es una especie que se extiende desde el Pacífico mexicano hasta Centro y Sudamérica. El fruto (coyul es apreciado desde la época prehispánica, sin embargo, su consumo ha disminuido frente a otros frutos nativos y así como de los introducidos con mayor aceptación en el mercado. Se realizó un estudio en San Blas, Nayarit, México, en el que se llevó a cabo la caracterización de un agroecosistema típico donde se explotan poblaciones silvestres y cultivadas de coyul de forma tradicional y se resaltó la importancia económica, ecológica y cultural de la especie. Asimismo, se realizó la caracterización fisicoquímica del fruto; la pulpa y la semilla son fuente principalmente de grasas. De esta especie se pueden obtener subproductos tales como aceites comestibles, alimento para ganado, artesanías, entre otros; igualmente se exponen alternativas de uso llevadas a cabo por otras regiones y países que puedan conducir a conservar espacios ecológicos y culturales.

  10. Las enfermedades infecciosas y su importancia en el sector avícola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Andrés Jaimes Olaya

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Dentro del contexto de un país cuyas mejores capacidades se encuentran en el sector agropecuario, la industria avícola se ha convertido en uno de los sectores más promisorios y de mayor crecimiento en Colombia. Por esta razón, actualmente se vienen implementando programas para el mejoramiento de la calidad de los productos avícolas, con el objetivo no solo de mantener el crecimiento de la industria,sino de poder expandir las fronteras de exportación. Sin embargo, la avicultura enfrenta un gran reto encuanto a su producción, debido a que las enfermedades infecciosas que afectan a las aves continúan siendo una problemática importante del sector, aun por encima de la alimentación y la genética. En este artículo se presentan elementos de relevancia referentes a la industria avícola, así como en relación con las enfermedades de control oficial y algunas de las enfermedades infecciosas que más la aquejan, enfatizando en la importancia de la intervención en el manejo y control de dichas enfermedades.

  11. La importancia de la educación ambiental ante la problemática actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Róger Martínez-Castillo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Recibido 15 de febrero de 2010 • Aceptado 17 de marzo de 2010 • Corregido 05 de abril de 2010   El sistema de desarrollo dominante, con sus políticas neoliberales y enfoques mercado-céntricos contribuye a agravar los problemas socio-ambientales, bajo un contexto de la globalización del mercado. Por eso, la preocupación por el manejo sustentable del ambiente, hace imperiosa la necesidad de estructurar una educación ambiental que forme e informe acerca de esta problemática. En este sentido, la educación ambiental viene a constituir el proceso educativo que se ocupa de la relación del ser humano con su ambiente (natural y artificial y consigo mismo, así como las consecuencias de esta relación. De esta manera, la educación ambiental debe constituir un proceso integral, que juega su papel en todo el entramado de la enseñanza y el aprendizaje. Para ello, es necesario establecer un proceso educativo que cuestione la relación de cualquier tema o actividad del ser humano, dentro de un análisis de la importancia o incidencia en la vida social y ambiental, como es la parte pedagógica y su esencia política.

  12. La importancia de los activos intangibles en la sociedad del conocimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonidas Torres Citraro

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available La finalidad del presente artículo es establecer la fuerte vinculación que existe entre el conocimiento y los activos intangibles, siendo que estos son los grandes desconocidos en la valoración de las empresas y en el cálculo de las cuentas nacionales, en especial el PIB y la productividad. Fue el investigador Robert Solow, en 1956, uno de los primeros en señalar la importancia del conocimiento en el crecimiento económico, expresando que este es una función de capital, trabajo y conocimiento. Desde la década de 1990 viene creciendo la inquietud sobre la necesidad de analizar y medir los diferentes tipos de activos intangibles para incluirlos, con su justo valor, tanto en las cuentas nacionales como en los estados financieros de las empresas. Pero dichos activos tienen unas características muy especiales, las cuales hacen de su valoración monetaria una difícil tarea. Es impostergable profundizar su análisis y estudio para que no sigan siendo ignorados o minimizados en las prácticas cotidianas de las empresas y los mercados.

  13. LA HIDROXIAPATITA, SU IMPORTANCIA EN LOS TEJIDOS MINERALIZADOS Y SU APLICACIÓN BIOMÉDICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Victoria García-Garduño

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La hidroxiapatita en los tejidos mineralizados reviste una gran importancia ya que se ha demostrado que es un material biocompatible, con aplicación biomédica en Odontología, Ortopedia y Cirugía Máxilofacial. Es el cristal principal de huesos y dientes ya que les confiere su dureza característica y, acompañado por la colágena, los huesos presentan determinada elasticidad. En la naturaleza se le encuentra formando parte de rocas metamórficas. En los tejidos vivos, la hidroxiapatita y sus precursores están organizados en diferentes grupos animales como los corales, estrellas de mar, etc. Como biomaterial se realizan investigaciones para determinar sus formas óptimas de aplicación, ya que la hidroxiapatita de diferentes orígenes da resultados distintos, y como biomaterial constituye un reto en la investigación ya que no se descarta que por los avances en medicina genómica pueda contribuir a reconstruir órganos a partir de células madre. En este trabajo se revisa y analiza las propiedades físicas, químicas y de biocompatibilidad de la hidroxiapatita a través de las investigaciones reportadas en el tema y los trabajos publicados por los autores en el campo del esmalte dental humano.

  14. Osteomielitis: Criterios actuales e importancia para el Estomatólogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Morán López

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Entre las múltiples afecciones que se presentan en el complejo bucofacial se encuentra la osteomielitis, una enfermedad ósea poco frecuente, que con el advenimiento de los antibióticos ha dejado de ser un problema de salud para muchos países del mundo. Dada la importancia que tiene su conocimiento para el estomatólogo, se recopilan criterios actuales sobre esta entidad en lo referente a la etiopatogenia, manifestaciones clínicas, diagnóstico y tratamiento, especialmente cuando afecta al maxilar o a la mandíbula. Tomando como base algunas consideraciones generales, y abarcando varios elementos, se exponen las características macroscópicas y microscópicas de las lesiones causadas por esta enfermedad.Among the various affections of the orofacial complex is osteomyelitis, a rare bone disease that, with the introduction of antibiotics, has cesed to be a health problem in many countries. Given the importante of the detection of this disease by the dentist, present criteria on this entity as to etiopathogenecity, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment are collected, specially when the maxilla or the jaw is affected. Taking some general considerations and a number of elements as a basis, some macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of the lesions caused by this disease were set forth in this paper.

  15. Climaterio y menopausia: importancia de su atención en el nivel primario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Lugones Botell

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza una revisión relacionada con el climaterio y la menopausia donde se relacionan sus bases anatomofisiológicas con los diversos aspectos biológicos, psicosociales, sexuales y con las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles y el cáncer ginecológico, en la que se resalta la necesidad de una atención diferenciada y especializada, así como integral, de estas mujeres, por la importancia que tiene mejorar la calidad y el estilo de vida para hacer prevención y promoción de salud.A review concerning climateric and menopause is made and their anatomophysiological bases are related to the different biological psychosocial and sexual aspect and to non-communicable chronic disease and gynecological cancer. it is stressed the need of giving these women a diferentiated, specialized and com0prenhensive attention so as to improve their quality of life and their life style and to prevent diseases and promote health.

  16. Company Administration Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-01-01

    evaluation was made of each task performed by the representative companies to determine the necessity for performing the task. Also, an evaluation was - I...from the 1st and 4th divisions at Forts Riley and Carson. In addition to dis- cussing the necessity for performing each task and the possible...request for approval will be submitted to Department of the Army, ATTN: DACA -CSJ. The request must contain, as a minimum, a statement that all check

  17. AN INVESTIGATION INTO MEDIUM-SIZED MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Schilirò

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper provides an investigation of medium-sized Italian industrial enterprises that have become multinational companies. It concetrates on the set of medium and medium-large enterprises who seem to grow more in foreign markets, either through exports or through foreign direct investment. The work also offers a descriptive empirical picture of the performance of medium-sized Italian multinationals, which is compared with the performance of large corporations. From this analysis, which is based on several data sources, it is possible to outline a profile regarding the medium-size italian multinational enterprises; the aim is to understand the complex strategy towards internationalization of these companies, where the dimension of production is important and, therefore, innovation has a key role. Also the commercial dimension is crucial, because it leads to point to the direct supervision of foreign markets and to look very carefully at the customers, offering them a wide range of services. Finally, the paper highlights some critical issues that the medium sized multinational enterprises have to face for competing: namely, the stagnant productivity, the high taxation, the insufficient institutional support for internationalization, the bureaucracy and its high costs, the lack of skilled human capital available in the labor market due to inadequate policy training.

  18. Habilidades digitales relacionadas con el medio y el contenido: la importancia del nivel educativo : Medium and content related Digital Skills: the importance of education level of attainment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Deursen, Alexander Johannes Aloysius Maria; van Dijk, Johannes A.G.M.; Peters, O

    2017-01-01

    Este artículo se centra en uno de los factores considerados cruciales para explicar la brecha digital: la posesión diferencial de las llamadas "habilidades digitales de Internet". En este artículo, se estudia el peso de las variables sexo, edad, nivel educativo, experiencia con Internet y frecuencia

  19. Size matters when we talk about corporate social responsibility: the case of portuguese companies

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Joel; Silva, Amândio

    2014-01-01

    Social responsibility arises as a measure of the corporate policy that goes beyond the production activity, thus covering also the social and environmental activities. This issue has been gaining importance over time. The number of companies that are implementing socially responsible actions has been growing steadily even though it is still centered on large and medium sized companies. Social responsibility is an accessible theme to any company of any size, once the social and enviro...

  20. Company Vision and Organizational Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vojko Toman

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The effectiveness of a company is largely dependent on the company itself; it depends above all on its corporate governance, management, and implementation, as well as on decision-making processes and coordination. Many authors believe that organizational learning and knowledge are the most relevant aspects of company effectiveness. If a company wants to be effective it needs to create and realize its vision; to do this, it needs creativity, imagination, and knowledge, which can be obtained or enhanced through learning. This paper defines vision, learning, creativity and management and, above all, their relationships. The author argues that company vision influences the learning and knowledge of employees in the company through the vision’s content, through the vision-creating process, and through the vision enforcement process. Conversely, the influence of learning on company vision is explained. The paper is aimed at the use in the practice of companies and helps them to increase their effectiveness.

  1. Avaliação do sistema de treinamento e desenvolvimento em empresas paulistas de médio e grande porte Assesment of the training and development system in medium and large companies from the state of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keli Cristina de Lara Campos

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Atualmente a aprendizagem no trabalho vem sendo cada vez mais relevante, fato que leva ao investimento em treinamento. O presente trabalho objetivou avaliar este sistema e para tanto participaram 300 empresas do Estado de São Paulo com mais de 100 funcionários. Os instrumentos, enviados por correio, foram devolvidos em até 60 dias. Os resultados indicam pouco controle dos gastos em Treinamento, visto que 44,67% das empresas não têm conhecimento do valor investido nesta área. 70,33% das organizações relatam analisar sistematicamente as necessidades de Treinamento, enquanto 73,67% controlam a eficiência do mesmo. A maneira de controle mais utilizada é o feedback informal (50,33%. As futuras necessidades de Treinamento se encontram nas áreas de administração de negócios e estratégia (12,22% e de gerenciamento de pessoal e supervisão (11,78%. Apesar de muitas empresas detectarem a necessidade da aprendizagem de novas habilidades, os recursos investidos em Treinamento ainda são pouco sistematizados e requerem maior atenção.Nowadays work learning is becoming more and more relevant, a fact that leads to training investiments. This research aimed to evaluate this system and to do so 300 companies from Sao Paulo state with more than 100 employees were investigated. The questionnaires have been sent by mail and returned in 60 days, the maximum. The results show little control in training expenses, since 44,67% of the companies do not know the amount spent in training; 70,33% of the companies confirm that they systematically analyze the training needs, while 73,67% control the efficiency of training. The most used way of controlling training is informal feedback (50,33%. Future needs of training are located in the business administration and strategy areas, (12,22%, personnel management and supervision (11,78%. Although many companies have recognized the need of learning new abilities, the resources invested in training are not enough

  2. Organizational architecture of multinational companies

    OpenAIRE

    Sikorová, Lenka

    2009-01-01

    The main goal of the bachelor thesis Organizational Architecture of Multinational Companies is to elaborate the overview of organizational structures that are used by modern global companies. The thesis contains an analysis of such companies development, principles of functioning, pros and cons and the opportunities which these brings. It also contains a description of the basic concepts associated with organizational architecture such as globalization, multinational companies and organizatio...

  3. IMPLEMENTATION OF QUALITATIVE RULES IN COMPANY`S INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna WOLNOWSKA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In the article there were presented chosen issues of quality management. Important role of information and work processes in companies were emphasized . Based on eight rules of quality management, TQM standards and ideas of discipline pioneers like Deming, Juran, Crosby and Shewart, author has constructed way of using chosen rules and assumptions to company`s information circulation. Analogy, suggested by author, has not only emphasized importance of information as a company`s resource, but also has pointed to possibility of improving ways of managing this information.

  4. Environmental performance assessment of a company of aluminum surface treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Catieri Ramalho

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article was to evaluate the environmental performance of a medium-sized company that provides services for surface treatment of aluminum. The treatment is known as anodizing. The research method was qualitative numerical modeling. The environmental performance of the company was organized into five constructs: atmosphere, wastewater, energy and natural resources, solid waste, and legislation and management. Nineteen indicators were chosen to explain the five constructs. Ten employees of the company prioritized the constructs and evaluated the situation of the indicators by means of a scale of assessment. By means of a mathematical model, the general performance of the environmental operation was calculated at 74.5% of the maximum possible. The indicators that most contributed to the performance not to reach 100% were consumption of electricity and water consumption. The construct of worse performance was natural and energy resources. These are the priorities for future environmental improvement actions that the company may promote.

  5. Analysis of companies' environmental strategies for a green society

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarmento, Manuela; Durao, Diamantino; Duarte, Manuela

    2006-01-01

    The present research is based on a survey sent to large, medium and small size companies, located in Portugal and within what are considered the most pollutant industrial sectors. The analyses of the results, processed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 11.0, show that generally companies are concerned with the implementation of clean processes, green products and eco-equipment to have a cleaner environment, i.e. a more sustainable society. Statistically, the results show that the 98 potential polluting companies are moderately contributing for a green society (x m =3.1) regarding the ten environmental strategies under research. It can also be concluded that, globally, environmental strategies are directly linked to the companies' size. (author)

  6. Spiegel. Medium. Kunst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    to human talent, came the millennia of untiring labours and the play of art and science and thought. The human love-affair with reflection (to cite Mark Pendergast’s subtitle - Mirror/Mirror: A History of the Human Love Affair with Reflection [New York 2003]) has always been a platonic one and I hold...... and cultural perspective. From 1800 on, the great incentive was to push forward the material-physical and optical-mechanical and especially the media ‘exploitation’ of the mirror. The significance of the mirror as a central meta-medium of the visual emerged in a particularly striking way in the late 1830s...

  7. Organizational architecture of multinational company

    OpenAIRE

    Vrbová, Tereza

    2012-01-01

    The Bachelor's Thesis ,,Organizational architecture of multinational company" sets the target to analyse organizational structures used in multinational companies at present. In the teoretical section is briefly described development of this subject, basic concepts associated with organizational architecture such as globalization, multinational companies and organizational architecture. I also generalized main characteristics of organizational forms and describe their pros and cons. The pract...

  8. Multilingualism in Companies: An Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Tamah; Strubell, Miquel

    2013-01-01

    This thematic collection of four papers explores a number of perspectives on companies in which multiple languages are used. The "organisational" perspective concerns the question of how the presence of or demand for multiple languages in the company is managed--how companies are guided by national and other policies in regard to the use…

  9. The European Model Company Act

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cleff, Evelyne Beatrix

    2011-01-01

    an increasing influence on the framing of company legislation, such as the choice between mandatory or default rules. This article introduces the project 'European Company Law and the choice of Regulatory Method' which is carried out in collaboration with the 'European Model Company Act Group'. The project aims...

  10. National companies : performance, ventures, utility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Didier, F.

    1994-01-01

    The author shows how a performing National Company can efficiently contribute, in line with the producing State, to the negotiation with International Companies and the success of large oil ventures contemplated by reserves-short countries. Fully entrepreneurial, the National Company will usefully ''explore'' touchy matters, and bring closer national rationale and petroleum rationale. (Author)

  11. The Aggressive Competitiveness Influence on the Retailer Company Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Benedito Oliveira Junior

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aggressive competitiveness refers to the company tendency to challenge direct and intensively its competitors when entering into a market or to enhance its position outperforming its rivals. An approach about aggressive competitiveness shares the traditional view of "strength-weakness-opportunity-threat", another view consistent with the hyper-competitiveness model, and the third view follows the dynamic competitiveness line. However, researches have not yet focused either on the motivations or on the strategic guidelines before the attack or on the direct relationship between Aggressive Competitiveness (AC and Retailer Company Performance (CP through a qualitative and quantitative study. Within this context, the objective of this research was to analyze: i the impact of the AC in the retail CP; and ii the effect of company size factor (medium/large versus micro/small in this relationship. It was carried out a mixed survey in two stages. In the first it was used a qualitative approach, through multiple case study with eight companies. Then, in the second phase it was held a survey with 64 companies. The results indicate a positive and significant impact of the AC on the CP, but this impact is not different between medium and large sized enterprises versus micro/small sized companies. This research contributes theoretical and empirically to the literature about AC of retail companies, generating subsidies for managers to adopt a more aggressive attitude in the competitive dynamics of the retail market. The practical cases studied here corroborate the influence of AC on the CP. Specifically it demonstrates the AC importance for the survival and growth of the company in increasingly dynamic, turbulent and competitive markets.

  12. DENSE MEDIUM CYCLONE OPTIMIZATON

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerald H. Luttrell; Chris J. Barbee; Peter J. Bethell; Chris J. Wood

    2005-06-30

    Dense medium cyclones (DMCs) are known to be efficient, high-tonnage devices suitable for upgrading particles in the 50 to 0.5 mm size range. This versatile separator, which uses centrifugal forces to enhance the separation of fine particles that cannot be upgraded in static dense medium separators, can be found in most modern coal plants and in a variety of mineral plants treating iron ore, dolomite, diamonds, potash and lead-zinc ores. Due to the high tonnage, a small increase in DMC efficiency can have a large impact on plant profitability. Unfortunately, the knowledge base required to properly design and operate DMCs has been seriously eroded during the past several decades. In an attempt to correct this problem, a set of engineering tools have been developed to allow producers to improve the efficiency of their DMC circuits. These tools include (1) low-cost density tracers that can be used by plant operators to rapidly assess DMC performance, (2) mathematical process models that can be used to predict the influence of changes in operating and design variables on DMC performance, and (3) an expert advisor system that provides plant operators with a user-friendly interface for evaluating, optimizing and trouble-shooting DMC circuits. The field data required to develop these tools was collected by conducting detailed sampling and evaluation programs at several industrial plant sites. These data were used to demonstrate the technical, economic and environmental benefits that can be realized through the application of these engineering tools.

  13. CSR in TSL companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna DYCZKOWSKA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available TSL companies are characterized by high dynamics of an increase of incomes, and hence increased shipping. Owing to a rational policy in the area of the consolidation of production and distribution, they may boast of a better use of the means of transport. The purpose of this article is to present the activities in the area of the eco-friendly CSR aspect in the activities of TSL companies taking into consideration particularly logistic operators. The research methods used in the study include an analysis of secondary data, observations and comparative analyses. Road transport in the shipping structure comes first and it constitutes 84% of freights. In the year 2009, in Poland greenhouse gas emissions from road transport amounted to 42.5 million tons (4.84% of the EU member states and CO emissions were 41.9 million tons (analogically, 4.83% of environment pollutions in the European Union. This causes an emission of fumes into the atmosphere. The policy of sustainable development pursued by logistic operators under corporate social responsibility is a response to the abovementioned data. They take decisions concerning social and environmental aspects. The activities of TSL companies under CSR need to provide an answer to customer expectations and needs, and they have to cause an increase of competitiveness on the market. The selected four largest logistic operators conduct the following eco-friendly activities on the highest level: fume emission reports and the control of these emissions, transport of hazardous goods (ADR, voluntary services in the scope of environmental protection and cooperation with eco-friendly organizations. There are those activities which call for improvement: a limitation of the emission of fumes, waste management and sewage treatment policy.

  14. Measuring the Company Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ion Stancu

    2006-01-01

    According to the logics of the efficient capital investment, the management of the investment of the saving capital in the company’s assets must conclude, on the end of the financial year, with a plus of real value (NPV > 0). From this point of view, in this paper we suggest the usage of an investment valuation model for the assessment of the company managerial and technological performance. Supposing the book value is a proxy of the just value (of assets and operational results) and supposin...

  15. Company profile: Spider stories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giuliani, Andrea

    2008-06-01

    SpiderBiotech is a biotech company that has carried out extensive research and development on peptide-based anti-infectives, with five people involved in R&D activities and a strong network of industrial and academic partners experienced in the field of anti-infectives. SpiderBiotech has also created a proprietary library of bioactive peptides and lipopeptides (both linear and dendrimeric) active against bacterial and viral infections. At the moment they have two ongoing projects: the most advanced is focused on the development of a panel of peptide based antibiotics. The second project is related to novel antiviral drugs to treat acyclovir resistant Herpes virus infections.

  16. VUJE, Inc. Company mission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    VUJE is an engineering company that performs design, supply, implementation, research and training activities, particularly in the field of nuclear and conventional power generation. Our earlier research specialization in the field of nuclear power generation has gradually diversified into design and engineering activities during performing particular tasks. Nowadays we are able to provide all activities related to construction, operation, modernisation and finally termination of operation mainly of power generating facilities. Our objective is to offer complex, professional and quality solutions according to our customers' needs and thus assist to show real asset of nuclear energy generation. (author)

  17. Contribution of service companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sole, L. M.; Cortes, A.

    2002-01-01

    The most influential aspect when choosing the model of contract between Client and Contractor relapses into the maturity reached by both parts. The service supplier will have to show his competence with his resume, not only technical, but also of actual actions concerning availability reliability, maintainability, security, environment and costs. That maturity may have been the reason why most of the service companies, of national scope, that carry out maintenance of nuclear power stations electricity and instrumentation nowadays, are present from the assembly and implementation phases of these nuclear power stations. (Author)

  18. Las Enfermedades del Arroz y su Importancia Económica en el Valle del Cauca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernal Correa Alberto

    1940-12-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de la presente tesis es el resultado de una serie de experimentaciones y observaciones que he llevado a cabo durante año y medio en la Estación Agrícola Experimental de Palmira y en los cultivos industriales del Valle del Cauca. Parte de este estudio pertenece al programa que he desarrollado desde el departamento de fitopatología de la Estación y parte a conclusiones que he obtenido en algunos trabajos que he efectuado en cultivos industriales. Con este estudio he querido relacionar muy estrechamente la importancia de los sistemas de cultivo del arroz, con la patología económica de esta planta. El cultivo del arroz, desde el punto de vista patológico, es económicamente posible en el Valle del Cauca y si en algunas ocasiones se han presentado serios disturbios de origen patógeno en las plantaciones, se ha debido en gran parte a la ignorancia absoluta que caracteriza a la mayoría de nuestros agricultores en lo que respecta a la sanidad vegetal. Estos disturbios bien pueden considerarse como provocados por los arroceros; unas veces por importación de las enfermedades, especialmente en las semillas, y otras veces por favorecer con sus sistemas culturales la persistencia o mayor intensidad de las afecciones. Quiero contribuir con el presente trabajo a una mejor orientación en los sistemas de cultivo y especialmente demostrar que la sanidad vegetal es tan importante en el éxito de una empresa agrícola, como la sanidad humana en las empresas que dependen del factor obrero. La sanidad vegetal, lo mismo que la sanidad humana, debe comenzar desde el origen del individuo y continuarse de acuerdo con las necesidades que exigen los diferentes estados de su vida. Teniendo en cuenta que siempre es mejor prevenir que curar.

  19. Insectos de importancia forense en cadáveres de ratas, Carabobo - Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Liria Salazar

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Determinar la composición de la entomofauna asociada con cadáveres de ratas, para identificar las especies de importancia forense en Carabobo, Venezuela. Materiales y métodos: Se estudiaron los insectos en nueve cadáveres de ratas de laboratorio. Diariamente cada rata (cadáver + bandeja con tierra de sustrato fue recogida para obtener la fauna asociada. Con los datos de abundancias se calcularon índices de diversidad y equidad, y se empleó el análisis de componentes principales. Resultados: Se colectaron 13 590 insectos, de los cuales 14,8% correspondieron a cadáveres y 85,2% a bandejas. El orden Diptera fue el más abundante (94,2% seguido por Coleóptera e Hymenóptera (0,2%. Las especies de Diptéra más importantes fueron: Calliphoridae: Lucilia cluvia (Walker, Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann y C. megacephala (Fabricius; y Muscidae: Musca domestica Linnaeus. También se encontraron algunos coleópteros como Dermestes ater DeGeer (Dermestidae y Staphylinidae. Conclusiones: La equidad y diversidad fue baja, debido a la dominancia de especies, y la poca sensibilidad de los índices de diversidad a la presencia de especies raras. Se observó la sucesión de especies en donde L. cluvia se relaciona con los primeros días, seguida por C. albiceps y C. megacephala. Se recomienda continuar con estudios relacionados, para su uso como herramienta de ayuda en la medicina legal en Venezuela.

  20. LA IMPORTANCIA DE LA IMAGEN PAÍS: EL CASO DE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Pipoli de Azambuja

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available La imagen país es un tema que está cobrando cada vez mayor importancia en los últimos años, debido a lacompetencia que se está generando entre los países por captar turistas e incrementar sus exportaciones araíz de la globalización. Actualmente, los países se preocupan más por la imagen país que están proyectandoy, por consiguiente, de la percepción favorable o desfavorable que los consumidores tendrán del país.La presente investigación constituye un estudio exploratorio cuyo objetivo es determinar los componentesde la imagen país de los Estados Unidos, desde la perspectiva de los consumidores del Perú y de Francia. Seeligió a los Estados Unidos para efectos del presente estudio porque es el país del que proviene el mayorflujo turístico al Perú y constituye el principal mercado de destino de su oferta exportable; mientras que enel caso de Francia ocurre todo lo contrario: tiene un bajo índice de turistas y de comercio. Ello permiterealizar la comparación de los resultados de dos muestras: una con un alto nivel de familiaridad (Perú y otracon un bajo nivel de familiaridad (Francia, dado que en ambos mercados se aplicó el mismo cuestionario,bajo las mismas condiciones, y se midieron las mismas variables e indicadores.

  1. IMPORTANCIA E IMPACTO SOCIAL DE LA TUBERCULOSIS EN LOS NIÑOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnolia Arango Loboguerrero

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Sin importar lo significativa que es la existencia de la tuberculosis (TB infantil, esta ha sido olvidada y subestimada hasta ahora y es de importancia secundaria en los programas de salud pública y en la clínica. Por inmadurez inmunológica y fisiopatogenia, hay expresiones clínicas inespecíficas, diversas y muy variables; presenta además dificultades en el diagnóstico por ser causada por poblaciones bacilares escasas, es decir es paucibacilar y difícil de detectar en las baciloscopias; las muestras son dispendiosas de recolectar debido a la limitación normal que tiene el niño para expectorar hasta los 4 a 5 años, lo cual hace que exista un bajo rendimiento de la positividad de los estudios.

    IMPORTANCE AND SOCIAL IMPACT OF TUBERCULOSIS IN CHILDREN

    ABSTRACT

    No matter how significant children tuberculosis (TB might be, it is a forgotten condition, so far underestimated, of secondary importance in public health programs and from its clinical aspect. Due to immunologic immaturity and physiopathogeny, there are non specific different and very variable manifestations, showing diagnostic difficulties for sputum being paucibacillar, germs not readiliy found in bacilloscopies; sputum samples are hard to collect, since children younger than 5 have trouble in coughing up, so bacilloscopies are seldom positive.

    Keywords: Tuberculosis, Koch bacillus, children pneumopathies

  2. Enteropatógenos de importancia en salud pública

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maribel Riveros

    Full Text Available La diarrea continúa siendo la tercera causa de muerte en niños menores de 5 años, pese a los avances recientes en el manejo y prevención de esta enfermedad. Es causada por múltiples patógenos, sin embargo, la prevalencia de cada uno varía según el grupo de edad, la zona geográfica y el escenario donde se registran los casos (comunitario vs hospitalario. Los patógenos de mayor relevancia en salud pública son aquellos asociados con mayor carga de enfermedad, severidad, complicaciones y mortalidad. En nuestro medio, el norovirus, Campylobacter y las E. coli diarrogénicas, son los patógenos más prevalentes a nivel comunitario en niños. En este artículo se revisa la epidemiología local y las potenciales áreas de desarrollo en cinco patógenos seleccionados: rotavirus, norovirus, E. coli productora de toxina Shiga (STEC, Shigella y Salmonella. De estos, el rotavirus es el más importante en la población pediátrica y el principal responsable de la mortalidad infantil por diarrea. La introducción de la vacunación contra rotavirus en nuestro país tendrá un importante impacto en la carga de enfermedad y la mortalidad por diarrea. Sin embargo, se requieren estudios de vigilancia para determinar el impacto de la vacunación y el cambio en la epidemiología de la diarrea en el Perú luego de la introducción de nuevas vacunas, así como la vigilancia de las tasas de resistencia antibiótica para las bacterias de importancia clínica.

  3. Importancia del manual de los sistemas contables en el sistema de control interno.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Valdés Rodríguez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La dirección administrativa del país en los últimos 3 años ha insistido en la necesidad de profundizar en los mecanismos de control económico –financiero de las entidades, el presente trabajo va dirigido a contribuir en alguna medida a lograr ese propósito. El sistema contable de una Entidad forma parte indisoluble del Sistema de Control Interno de la misma, por la vinculación tan estrecha que existe entre los mismos. El objetivo fundamental del trabajo ”Importancia del Manual de los Sistemas Contables en el Sistema de Control Interno”, es destacar la utilidad práctica, técnica y organizativa que tiene el Manual para elevar la eficiencia del trabajo contable de las Entidades y su repercusión positiva en la eficiencia el sistema de Control Interno establecido. Los beneficios que aporta el Manual radican en que crea una base normativa contable adecuada a las características de cada entidad. Como se sabe en las transformaciones económicas realizadas en el país, la existencia de dos monedas en el trabajo económico-contable de muchas entidades, la puntualización del objeto social y la cartera de productos y servicios han complejizado el trabajo contable, requiriendo una mayor adecuación a las características propias de cada entidad, lo cual se logra con la realización del Manual.

  4. Importancia de implementar el bienestar animal durante embarque y desembarque de bovinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Marcela Arias Sánchez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available La ciencia del bienestar animal permite dar al animal las condiciones idóneas para mejorar su calidad de vida, esta ciencia evalúa el estado de un individuo frente a los intentos de afrontar los cambios del ambiente, basándose en el estado físico, fisiológico y mental de cada animal. En los sistemas de producción bovinos se desarrollan actividades que conllevan cambio de ambiente para los animales y el aumento de la interacción humano – animal, lo que ocasiona una alteración de las condiciones físicas, mentales y fisiológicas del animal, donde la actividad que genera mayores alteraciones en los bovinos es el transporte, especialmente el embarque y el desembarque, debido a las caídas, golpes, resbalones y cambios de ambiente que se reflejan en la presencia de hematomas, fracturas, contusiones y aumento de los niveles de estrés. Lo cual genera  lesiones de la canal que son el resultado de un impacto de los tejidos blandos acompañado de la ruptura de vasos sanguíneos y alteración de las propiedades organolépticas de la carne, donde el parámetro más importante es el pH, ya que si éste aumenta por los elevados niveles de estrés ante-mortem, favorece la proliferación de microorganismos, reduciendo así la vida útil del producto y convirtiendo el producto en un riesgo para la salud pública. Es por ello que el presente artículo busca identificar y analizar la importancia de implementar el bienestar animal en las actividades de embarque y desembarque en los sistemas de producción bovinos.

  5. Importancia diferencial de los componentes fundamentales de la esquizotipia: un metaanálisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ascensión Fumero

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La esquizotipia puede entenderse como un trastorno incluido en el espectro de la esquizofrenia o como rasgo psicométrico que comprende 3 dimensiones: cognitivo-perceptual, interpersonal y desorganización cognitiva. La primera se relaciona con creencias extrañas y experiencias perceptuales inusuales; la segunda, con anhedonia y déficit en relaciones interpersonales, y la desorganización se identifica con pensamientos, conductas y lenguaje raros. Diferentes estudios han intentado esclarecer cuál de estas dimensiones es el componente esencial del constructo. Para dar respuesta a esta cuestión se llevó a cabo un metaanálisis en el que se realizó una revisión sistemática de las principales bases de datos que comparan las dimensiones de esquizotipia asociadas con diferentes áreas temáticas: composición factorial, síntomas clínicos y marcadores de vulnerabilidad. A partir de 300 artículos encontrados, se seleccionaron 27 estudios. Los resultados indicaron que la dimensión interpersonal parece estar más relacionada con la sintomatología clínica, mientras que la dimensión cognitivo-perceptual predomina en la investigación sobre marcadores de vulnerabilidad. La desorganización cognitiva contribuye a ambas temáticas. Se concluye que las dimensiones de esquizotipia tienen una importancia diferencial en función de las áreas de funcionamiento psicológico en estudio.

  6. Importancia de la gerencia del conocimiento: contrastes entre la teoría y la evidencia empírica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Augusto Bernal Torres

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio analiza la importancia que las organizaciones dan en Colombia a la gerencia del conocimiento, para responder a los retos del actual orden económico mundial. Para ello se aplicó una encuesta a 2.249 personas en 83 organizaciones de diferentes tamaños y sectores de actividad económica, localizadas en la ciudad de Bogotá. En general, los resultados indican que la gerencia del conocimiento no es una práctica usual en estas organizaciones, situación que contrasta desfavorablemente con el alto grado de importancia que las organizaciones en los países desarrollados dan a estas actividades, consideradas como estratégicas para potenciar su capacidad innovadora y competitividad sostenible. Rasgos estos de los que en general adolecen las empresas en Colombia y los cuales son necesarios potenciar.

  7. Building a Scoring Model for Small and Medium Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Răzvan Constantin CARACOTA

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to produce a scoring model for small and medium enterprises seeking financing through a bank loan. To analyze the loan application, scoring system developed for companies is as follows: scoring quantitative factors and scoring qualitative factors. We have estimated the probability of default using logistic regression. Regression coefficients determination was made with a solver in Excel using five ratios as input data. Analyses and simulations were conducted on a sample of 113 companies, all accepted for funding. Based on financial information obtained over two years, 2007 and 2008, we could establishe and appreciate the default value.

  8. Synergic motives and economic success of mergers of Czech companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Sedláček

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the motives for mergers and acquisitions is the synergy effect, which can take several forms. This paper tries to find out whether mergers implemented at the Czech market bring positive or negative synergies. The basis of our investigation is the database of the companies that implemented a merger within 2001–2009; out of these, the companies that published their financial statements in a digitalized form were selected. We monitored the development of six indicators characterizing the economic status of a company. The values of these indicators were compared for all participating companies before the merger and for the successor company three years after the merger. The hypotheses were formulated so that they expressed an expectation of a positive synergy brought about by mergers. However, hypothesis testing has not provided a clear result. A positive effect of a merger on the key indicator of net assets, whose growth means an increase in the accounting value of the company after the merger, has been proved for small and medium-sized companies only. The effect of mergers on the increase in indicators has been confirmed for retained earnings from past years and personal costs. Further research will concentrate on the relations between the indicators with the aim to create an integral indicator for the economic success of mergers.

  9. La Importancia del Uso de Internet en el Gobierno de la Empresa para Generar Confianza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria del Mar Alonso Almeida

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La globalización de la economía y los escándalos financierosen algunas empresas han hecho que la informaciónsobre el funcionamiento y gobierno de las empresas sea unasunto crítico para la confianza en éstas y para el buen funcionamientodel mercado de capitales. La información sobrelas empresas, no sólo reduce los riesgos sobre las inversiones,sino que reduce las asimetrías de información e incrementala transparencia de la empresa frente a todos los grupos deinterés. El uso de la tecnología de Internet permite a las empresasponer un gran volumen de información a disposiciónde los terceros interesados en cualquier parte del mundo, conun bajo coste. Pero lo que es más importante, permite restablecerla confianza perdida en la empresa. En este trabajo sevan a explicar las herramientas existentes para el desarrollodel gobierno corporativo a través de Internet y se van a proporcionarpautas para la toma de decisiones en este aspectopara las empresas.   ABSTRACT The economy’s globalization and financial scandals in severalbusinesses have made critical the information about theoperation and management of companies for investor’s trustand the good operation of the capitals market. The informationabout companies not only reduces investment risks butalso reduces the information asymmetries and increases thecompany’s transparency to their stakeholders. The use of Internettechnology allows companies to place a great bulk ofinformation with a very low cost to third party disposition anywherein the world. But more importantly, it allows reestablishingany lost confidence in a company. In this paper, existingtools for the development of corporate management will beexplained, and steps toward the decision making process willbe provided.

  10. IMPORTANCIA DE LA VALORACIÓN DE LA EMPRESA FAMILIAR: LOS PROBLEMAS DE ILIQUIDEZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Andrés Rojo Ramírez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available It is clear the importance of Family Business (FB around de word and the impact of family managers on company value. Nonetheless, little has been research on the importance of knowing the value of BF for the management and succession planning.This work brings us closer to this problem, and in particular the issue of lack of marketability and securities' illiquidity, which usually exist in FB, which is reflected in its value, demonstrating the practice of reducing a rate of between 20 por 100 and 50 por 100 of value without a clear theory that supports this.Seeking to avoid the subjectivity some practice-oriented models have been developed, either by looking for percentage according to the type of company, or incorporating the specific risk onto rate when using the discount cash flow model. Within this orientation fits the model of AECA (2005 with value reductions of around 20 por 100.The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the reality of the valuation of the company and, in particular, the FB, opening a line of research under-exploited in Europe and Spain, however, is of considerable practical significance.

  11. Go abroad, young company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harvie, W.

    1996-01-01

    The high cost of oil production in Canada has meant that Canadian oil and gas producers, especially juniors, are looking overseas for new opportunities. They do so, free of the relentless competition common in Alberta, hefty land costs, government regulations, farmers and environmentalists. For example, Trans-Dominion Energy has ongoing exploration in Senegal, Africa, Epic Energy is running tests on drill cores from the Aktash field in Ukraine, and Eagle Energy has completed a horizontal well in the Belli oil field in Tunisia. Seven Seas Petroleum purchased 35% in the Dindal and Rio Seco Association contracts in Columbia, while Cordex Petroleum acquired a 50% interest in the Laguna Los Capones field in Argentina. Another company, Canadian Occidental Petroleum Ltd. (CanOxy), has been drilling in Yemen since 1990 with complete success. Production tops 185,000 barrels per day, of which CanOxy holds a 52% interest. The company has since focused on prospects in the Ejulebe field offshore Nigeria, the Turan basin in Kazakhstan, offshore Vietnam in the Nam Con Son basin, offshore Thailand and onshore Columbia. Gulf Canada Resources and Talisman Energy have also had impressive results in Indonesia

  12. Ecological Research of the Voluntary Disclosure about Listed Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jing-Jing; Yan, Guang-Le

    In the paper, the research subject is the ecological relationship between the Small and Medium-sized Enterprises(SMEs) and the Large-scale Enterprises(Les). From the perspective of ecology, setting up the competitive model basic on the Logistic model, and carrying out further analysis about the voluntary information disclosure of listed company, then getting the strategic choice about the voluntary information disclosure and the ecological explanation of false information, and the dynamic mechanism and strategy of the voluntary information disclosure of listed company.

  13. The Intangible Assets, the Hidden Wealth of the Romanian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florentina MOISESCU

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Many of the Romanian companies are familiar with the intellectual capital notions but are hesitant to implement an assessment and measuring methodology of intangible resources. As in the case of the small and medium enterprises, such reticence is even higher, the study focused on measuring the performance of the intellectual capital in a micro-enterprise, by using the VAIC method. The structured methodology may be applied by such companies too only by means of internal resources, without involving additional costs, and the obtained results are easy to interpret and may be used in the value added indicators management reviews.

  14. Sources of Value Creation in Born Global Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augustyniak Dobrochna

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Research about the phenomenon of rapid internationalization of small and medium size companies has evolved over the last two decades. Nevertheless, questions about business models or value creation in born global enterprises are rarely addressed in the literature. The objective of this article is to develop a theoretical framework for analyzing the sources of value creation in the business models of international new ventures (INV global companies, starting with adapting the model by Amit and Zott [2001, 2010] to early internationalizing venture. Current literature on international entrepreneurship, business models and value creation is also used as a basis for suggesting future empirical research recommendations.

  15. The Balanced Company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    in their environments. Communication specialists need to make balanced decisions which take the different value systems and assumptions of stakeholders into consideration. Change specialists need to balance the need for continuity and change. Managers need to make balanced decisions about whether to achieve goals...... that a company is respected in wider society and behaves according to ethical standards. Strategists and Leaders need to make balanced choices about long-term goals and the allocation of resources. They need to analyse, understand and adjust strategies to market, political, value and technology related changes...... is to be achieved and what should be avoided? • Through what types of processes are the criteria, conditions and values that are to be realised or taken into consideration constructed and decided upon? • What characterises the content, differences and complexity of the different types of values and criteria...

  16. A forward looking company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Christian, David A.

    2004-01-01

    The article is an excerpt of an interview with David A. Christian, Senior Vice President-Nuclear and Chief Nuclear Officer, Dominion Generation conducted at NEI's Nuclear Energy Assembly in New Orleans, Louisiana on 13 May 2004. It highlights the company's energy diversity, and in particular, activities related to early-site permits and possible future plans for nuclear power plant development in the U.S. The interview touches on questions related to the Consortium (composed of Dominion, AECL Technologies, the U.S. subsidiary of AECL, Hatachi America and Bechtel Power Corp.) and the DOE financial support involved (approximately 50%) along with comments related to job impacts, energy security and climate change impacts, human resource issues (particularly about getting high school students interested in jobs related to the nuclear industry) and public policy. The interview ends with a discussion of investment interest and the state of standardization in the industry

  17. Service supply company experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shouldice, S.P.

    1995-01-01

    The motivations for a small company to go international were reviewed, as well as the efforts required to identify markets compatible with what one has to offer. The variety of approaches taken to capitalize on the perceived opportunities were summarized. Motives for going international include minimization of risk by market diversification, revenue growth, and improved profitability where there is a run-up in demand. Getting started usually includes the following six steps: (1) selecting a target market, (2) interpreting market needs, (3) understanding local decision making, (4) deciding on a proposal, (5) seeking project financing, and (6) overcoming hurdles. Setting up shop also implies seeking market commitment, finding suitable long-term accommodation, finding suitable local workers, and exploring local sourcing for materials and equipment. Having a competitive advantage is essential to penetrating international markets. A cost advantage is the most valuable. Patience, persistence and perseverance were also identified as essential virtues

  18. Importancia biotecnológica de la microbiodiversidad. Los nuevos cazadores de microbios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Piñero Bonilla

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo está orientado a destacar la importancia biotecnológica de los microorganismos con especial referencia al área alimentaria y agrícola, en el contexto histórico y latinoamericano. Los microorganismos han sido recursos valiosos para la humanidad desde que el hombre comenzó a producir sus alimentos artesanalmente incorporando los procesos fermentativos para la transformación de las materias primas o consumiéndolos directamente. Ya en el siglo XIX, con la ayuda del microscopio se empiezan a entender los principios que rigen estos bioprocesos y los estudios posteriores permitieron determinar la utilidad de los microorganismos y su potencial económico para la producción de insumos comercializables, lo que condujo al desarrollo de la microbiología industrial, la base de la biotecnología, la cual se ha ido fortaleciendo con el uso de las herramientas de la ingeniería genética y de las técnicas de la biología molecular con las que se ha podido detectar e identificar una gran variedad de microorganismos incluso de ambientes extremos en los que los métodos de cultivo convencionales han fallado. El potencial encontrado en la microbiodiversidad es parte de una importante actividad científica conocida como bioprospección, para seleccionar los microorganismos con características que le confieran valor comercial. De esta manera, la búsqueda se ha dirigido principalmente hacia los organismos productores de insumos agrícolas, farmacológicos y alimentarios así como su aplicación en actividades de biorremediación. En este sentido, los microorganismos representan un aporte significativo para la ciencia y la economía de los países latinoamericanos, por lo que algunos de ellos y según sus necesidades, han desarrollado líneas de investigación en bioprospección microbiana como parte de las políticas en materia de ciencia y tecnología.

  19. Importancia de los acontecimientos vitales como factores de cambio en el ciclo vital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis MELERO MARCOS

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: A lo largo del ciclo vital, los individuos experimentan una serie de acontecimientos que, sin duda, influyen en su desarrollo individual y colectivo. Tales acontecimientos parecen introducir cambios en la vida de los sujetos. El presente trabajo pretende analizar la importancia de los acontecimientos vitales como factores de cambio, desde la consideración de que el estudio de los mismos es consustancial con el estudio del ciclo vital. Desde este punto de partida, se ha establecido la existencia de diversos tipos de clasificaciones de acontecimientos, como la aportada por Rodrigo (1985, que plantea la existencia de tres tipos de eventos, eventos normativos relacionados con la edad, eventos normativos relacionados con el tiempo histórico, y finalmente, un tercer tipo de acontecimientos considerados como no normativos, que solamente son experimentados por algunos sujetos a lo largo de su vida. Analizaremos aquellos factores que adquieren significado en el desarrollo de los acontecimientos vitales y en la forma como los perciben los individuos que los experimentan, desde la revisión de los principales modelos explicativos, polarizados en dos grandes paradigmas, organicista y mecanicista, así como el intento de aproximación a través de modelos contextúales-dialécticos a una posición intermedia entre el paradigma organicista y el paradigma mecanicista.ABSTRACT: Throughout the vital cycle, individuals undergo experiences which no doubt exert an influence on their development. The present article analyzes the importance of vital events as change factors. We assume their inseparability. Adopting the classification established by Rodrigo (1985 we distinguish three classes of events, namely, normative events related to age, normative events related to historical time and non normative events which are not universally experienced by all subjects. We will analyze those factors which have relevant meaning in the development of vital events

  20. La importancia de los materiales en las viviendas de muy bajo coste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salas, Julián

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available This text fits into the context of the attempt to emphasize the considerable importance of the factor of the construction materials in the subsection of low cost housing in Developing Countries in general and in Latín America in particular. The author tries to quantify, in a global manner, the repercussion of the materials through different assumptions and to show how it increases as the sections of installations and finishes diminish —in fact, practically disappear—. In accordance with this and as a consequence, the author discusses the necessity to use autochthonous materials and to support the research and technological development which lay stress on the use of alternative materials and the re-use of agro-industrial waste. As a pan of the Chapter V reproduced here, a special Section entitled "The Industry of Construction Materials" is contemplated, a section which we omitted and which can be found in n.º 198 of this Quarterly where it was originally published.

    El texto que sigue se encuadra en el contexto de intentar enmarcar la importancia considerable del capítulo de los materiales de construcción en el subsector de las viviendas de muy bajo coste en los Países en Vías de Desarrollo en general, y en Latinoamérica en particular. El autor trata de cuantificar, en forma global, la repercusión de los materiales en varios supuestos y como ésta aumenta al disminuir —prácticamente desaparecer— las partidas de instalaciones y acabados. De conformidad y como consecuencia de lo anterior, el autor se ocupa de la necesidad de emplear materiales autóctonos y de apoyar la investigación y el desarrollo tecnológico que ponen énfasis en la utilización de materiales alternativos y la reutilización de desechos agro-industriales. Formando parte del Capítulo V que se reproduce, se contempla un apartado específico con el título "La Industria de Materiales de la Construcción" que hemos omitido, remitiendo al lector

  1. Measuring the Company Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Stancu

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the logics of the efficient capital investment, the management of the investment of the saving capital in the company’s assets must conclude, on the end of the financial year, with a plus ofreal value (NPV > 0. From this point of view, in this paper we suggest the usage of an investment valuationmodel for the assessment of the company managerial and technological performance. Supposing the book value is a proxy of the just value (of assets and operational results and supposing the capital cost iscorrectly estimated, we evaluate the company’s performance both by the net present value model, and also by the company’s ability to create a surplus of the invested capital (NPV >0.Our paper also aims to identify the performance of the financial breakeven point (for which NPV is at least equal to zero as the minimum acceptable level for the company’s activity. Under this critical sales point, the company goes through the undervaluation of shareholders fortune even if the company’s sales are greater than accounting breakeven point. The performance’s activity level is one which the managers recover and surpass the cost of capital, cost which stand for the normal activity benchmark.The risks of applying of our suggested model we support go down to the confidence of accounting data and of the cost of capital estimating. In spite all of this, the usage of a sensitivity analysis to search anaverage NPV would leads to the company’s performance valuation within investment logic with a high information power.

  2. Measuring the Company Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Stancu

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the logics of the efficient capital investment, the management of the investment of the saving capital in the company’s assets must conclude, on the end of the financial year, with a plus of real value (NPV > 0. From this point of view, in this paper we suggest the usage of an investment valuation model for the assessment of the company managerial and technological performance. Supposing the book value is a proxy of the just value (of assets and operational results and supposing the capital cost is correctly estimated, we evaluate the company’s performance both by the net present value model, and also by the company’s ability to create a surplus of the invested capital (NPV >0. Our paper also aims to identify the performance of the financial breakeven point (for which NPV is at least equal to zero as the minimum acceptable level for the company’s activity. Under this critical sales point, the company goes through the undervaluation of shareholders fortune even if the company’s sales are greater than accounting breakeven point. The performance’s activity level is one which the managers recover and surpass the cost of capital, cost which stand for the normal activity benchmark. The risks of applying of our suggested model we support go down to the confidence of accounting data and of the cost of capital estimating. In spite all of this, the usage of a sensitivity analysis to search an average NPV would leads to the company’s performance valuation within investment logic with a high information power.

  3. Modeling renewable energy company risk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sadorsky, Perry

    2012-01-01

    The renewable energy sector is one of the fastest growing components of the energy industry and along with this increased demand for renewable energy there has been an increase in investing and financing activities. The tradeoff between risk and return in the renewable energy sector is, however, precarious. Renewable energy companies are often among the riskiest types of companies to invest in and for this reason it is necessary to have a good understanding of the risk factors. This paper uses a variable beta model to investigate the determinants of renewable energy company risk. The empirical results show that company sales growth has a negative impact on company risk while oil price increases have a positive impact on company risk. When oil price returns are positive and moderate, increases in sales growth can offset the impact of oil price returns and this leads to lower systematic risk.

  4. Internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Zoran Paunović; Darko Prebežac

    2010-01-01

    Highly developed countries, which are similar to Croatia by size and population, highlight the importance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as holders of export activities and key factors in raising the competitiveness of the entire economy. In this paper authors research the concept of internationalization of SMEs. Analyzing the influence of decision makers on the process of internationalization and showing its advantages and disadvantages for the respective company and country, t...

  5. Principles of European Company Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2010-01-01

    The article focuses on how much we have in common in Europe within company law and its development, and on the principles which are the determining factors for the activities of European companies. The article shows that what we have in common greatly outweighs what divides us......, and this is presented in the article as the provisional capstone of 400 years of joint European development of company law....

  6. Coomunication Culture in a company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M V Korotitskaya

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The article substantiates the interconnections between the level of communicative culture in a company and the level of management, which shows the investment and financial attractiveness of the enterprise. The article reveals principles and methods of sociocommunicative technology, whose application positively affects the state of communicative culture of within a company. Application examples of these principles and methods in management of power grid companies in the Belgorod region are also given.

  7. Quality management in shipping companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đergović Dragana M.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available As international business becomes more competitive, companies are finding that they need to work more effectively to stay in business. Quality assurance has become very important to the majority of production and service companies with international activity. Shipping companies were also required to implement a quality management system. The huge importance of safety in maritime transport operations resulted in the International Safety Management Code (ISM Code by the International Maritime Organization. The general management system principles embodied by the maritime ISM Code and generics ISO standards, have enabled their complementary application in establishing a quality management system in shipping companies, within a safety management system as its subset.

  8. Importancia de la administración eficiente del capital de trabajo en las Pymes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Aguilar, Juanita

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyze the importance of an efficient administration of working capital, as a strategy to achieve the operation of SMEs and their permanence in time. Working capital is the minimum cash that every company needs to execute its operating activities normally. Proper management of the asset enables to have the necessary liquidity to cover short-term obligations, as a result of the efficient application of the cash conversion cycle. For this, a methodology of documentary analysis was applied taking as reference secondary research sources, such as books and scientific papers. Based on the above, the theoretical foundations of working capital, their methods of calculation and a review of research on the management of working capital in Latin American SMEs were analyzed. As a result, it was determined that working capital is a financial tool that every manager must pay attention and spend time, because it determines the survival of a company in the early years of its existence. On the other hand, there are some calculation methods to estimate working capital, each has its essential characteristics and its application depends on the activity to which the organization is committed.

  9. Information Technology in Small Medium Enterprise: Logistic and Production Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizio Pighin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents and discuss a survey which describes how small-medium enterprises (SMEs implement and use their information system with respect to their logistic and production processes. The study first describes the rationale of the research, then it identifies the characteristics of the companies and detects their general attitude towards information technology (IT. In the following section the paper presents a set of detailed processes to verify the structure and workflow of companies and how IT supports their processes. In the last part we study the influence of some company characteristics to effective use of processes and to different technological approaches, to support defined logistic and production processes. The novelty of the study and its interest, both in academic and institutional context as in the real world, resides in the opportunity to verify and understand the different attitudes of SMEs towards information technology in defining, organizing, planning and control their processes.

  10. Internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Paunović

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Highly developed countries, which are similar to Croatia by size and population, highlight the importance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs as holders of export activities and key factors in raising the competitiveness of the entire economy. In this paper authors research the concept of internationalization of SMEs. Analyzing the influence of decision makers on the process of internationalization and showing its advantages and disadvantages for the respective company and country, this research introduces the most common models on the basis of which this process is implemented in practice. A case study of a small export company from Croatia illustrates the process of internationalization to the U.S. market and provides useful information to the companies which are planning to enter new markets.

  11. Company profile VUJE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2007-01-01

    At the present time the whole world realizes the serious need for energy for the preservation of perpetually sustainable development. A distinctive place in the life of modern society belongs to electric energy,its safe production and reliable delivery according high standards of quality. When our company was established 30 years ago, we assumed research and development challenges directly related to the safe, reliable and economical production of electric energy from nuclear power plants, as well as the elimination of potential negative influences on the environment and employees. During our existence, we have gradually expanded our activities and specializations. Our first job was ti train plant personnel. We trained specialists to meet the needs not only of (what was then) Czechoslovakia, but also of Germany and Hungary. Gradually, we also met the problems of processing and storing radioactive waste, maintaining the service-life of our equipment and deactivating and disposing of contaminated devices at the end their operating lives. Industry requirements and concerns led use to broaden our services in energy production to include renewable sources of energy. Our youngest division of activity deals with the distribution of hydro-electrical energy via the electric grid. By continually updating the specialized skills of our employees and by investing in the latest equipment, our challenges and operational issues in the energy sector. Responding to developmental trends and the requirements of our consumers, we have established a system of quality management, which complies with the ISO 9001 and 14001 standards certified by the LRQA Corporation of Great Britain. Throughout the years, our company has been consistently proving to the operators of power facilities, both in Slovakia and abroad, our viability and high, innovative potential, in recognition of this, in 2005, when we participated in the sixth EU Framework Programme in R and D, the Slovak Ministry of

  12. Company Value Anatomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Nelson Guedes de Carvalho

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The seminal propositions by Modigliani and Miller started a new study area in modern finance theory. Over time, their basic assumptions were relaxed, to the extent that, nowadays, situations in which they can be fully applied, with consistent and satisfactory results, are rare. On the other hand, as this simple set of propositions became known worldwide and was easily applicable, it was adopted as a rule of thumb for general enterprise valuation. However, in situations without methodological bias, the resulting enterprise values obtained by traditional methodologies are abstruse and do not allow for the analysis and management of the individual values that make up the firm and own capital values. In order to avoid this kind of abstruseness in company valuation, this study theoretically deducts an alternative valuation methodology, which permits the identification of assets’ value independently of their financing; moreover, we identify the gain on debt value that the debt provides to the shareholders, the debt tax shield and the value loss of assets and tax shield due to the increase in shareholder risk because of the leverage capital structure.

  13. Importancia del profesionalismo médico ante las exigencias de la humanidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raidel González Rodríguez

    2014-11-01

    álisis educativos los capacita en la identificación de necesidades relativas al proceso docente y en cómo resolverlas, lo cual convierte cada expediente curricular en un permanente problema científico, que les permite intervenir y resolver los problemas propios de la pedagogía dentro del aula y en los procesos extensionistas en su contexto. (4 Sin embargo, de este aspecto que integra la profesionalidad del médico-profesor universitario se adolece en estos tiempos. (5 De las reflexiones expuestas se deriva la necesidad e importancia de la calidad de la profesionalidad médica universitaria en todas sus dimensiones, lo cual trasciende a la eficacia de la gestión docente, encumbra su labor como profesional y permite resultados pertinentes al cumplir con su responsabilidad social de formar egresados competentes, integrales, con deberes ante la sociedad y a la altura de los lineamientos actuales del país

  14. Organisational architectres of multinationale companies

    OpenAIRE

    Křivanová, Jana

    2009-01-01

    At work I try to define a few concepts - globalization, multinational companies and organizational architecture. Should also bring the development and analyze the structures of multinational companies, and show their use in practice. Zoom in further development of organizational structures with regard to the global crisis.

  15. Oil companies and human rights

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandler, Geoffrey [Amnesty International (United Kingdom)

    1997-11-01

    This article highlights the need for oil companies in the future to take into account human rights in corporate decision making. The influence oil companies can bring to bear on government violating human rights, excuses for not voicing condemnation of abuses, and the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights are discussed. (UK)

  16. A research company in transition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hatcher, S.R.

    1989-01-01

    The role of Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd's Research Company is to perform the research, development, demonstration and marketing needed to apply nuclear sciences and their associated technologies for the maximum benefit of Canada. This article by its president, Dr S R Hatcher, describes the Research Company as it attempts to fulfil its mission in very altered circumstances. (Author)

  17. Gamification in a Consulting Company

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blaauw, Frank; Bazylevska, L.; Aiello, M.

    2014-01-01

    Gamification refers to the use of game-design elements in a non-gaming context. The consulting company Capgemini has set up a rudimentary Gamification platform to help motivating the people to do extra work for the company in their spare time. In order to re- ward people for this effort, they can

  18. Pro Forma Registration of Companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2010-01-01

    The article analyses the view taken by Community law on companies' pro forma registration in another EU or EEA country. Community law recognises pro forma registration under company law, i.e. a brass plate is sufficient, whereas it does not recognise pro forma registration under tax law, i.e. a b...

  19. Online Company-stakeholder Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Rikke Augustinus; Morsing, Mette

    Based on a systematic data collection we study one of the first pioneering company-stakeholder communication campaigns in social media: the case of energy company Vattenfall A/S’s pan-European campaign ‘The Climate Manifesto’. Our findings challenge the general assumption, that stakeholder intera...

  20. Responsibilities of Companies towards Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monray Marsellus Botha

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Central to company law is the promotion of corporate governance. An important question in company law still today is in whose interest the company should be managed. Corporate governance needs to address the entire span of responsibilities to stakeholders of the company such as customers, employees, shareholders, suppliers and the community at large. The promotion of human rights in the application of company law must also take place. This is extremely important given the significant role of enterprises within the social and economic life of the nation. The interests of various stakeholder groups in the context of the corporation as a "social institution" should be enhanced and protected. Because corporations are part of society and the community, like all of us, it is required of them to be socially responsible and have greater accountability to all stakeholders of the company. Although directors must act in the best interests of shareholders collectively they must also consider the interests of other stakeholders. Sustainable relationships with all the relevant stakeholders are thus important. The advancement of social justice is thus important to corporations in that they should take note of the Constitution, labour legislation and company law legislation when social justice issues are dealt with. Employees have become very important stakeholders of companies and their needs should be taken into account in the bigger corporate governance and social responsibility framework.

  1. A strategy for company improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howley, L

    2000-03-01

    Strategies based on the kaizen methodology are designed to continuously improve company performance without the need for large capital investments. This article looks at how one company used simple kaizen principles to its advantage, achieving 67% increase in productivity and 10% reduction in the standard cost of product.

  2. La importancia de la microeconomía schumpeteriana: un análisis de panel para Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Ter Wengel, Jan; Ferreira, Gilma Beatriz; Salgado Pinzón, Lorena; Suárez Cruz, Luis Miguel

    2009-01-01

     Con una base de datos longitudinal se muestra para Colombia la importancia del nacimiento, supervivencia y crecimiento de las empresas en el crecimiento industrial. Así, se demuestra un aspecto fundamental de la mal llamada “destrucción creativa”. Lo que se encuentra es creación en que las empresas de mayor productividad se expanden y –destrucción– desplazan a las empresas más ineficientes. Este proceso explica cerca de la totalidad del crecimiento de la productividad industrial. El aporte n...

  3. Las aguas subterráneas transfronterizas México-Estados Unidos: importancia e invisibilidad dentro del contexto del TLCAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo HATCH KURI

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo identifica la importancia del agua subterránea transfronteriza México-Estados Unidos, en relación con el vacío jurídico que predomina en su regulación en las diferentes escalas que intervienen en el uso, manejo y extracción de la misma y el significado de la escasez hídrica en la configuración del discurso hegemónico de seguridad nacional en el panorama neoliberal de integración regional del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN.

  4. La importancia de la tecnología en el desarrollo de América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Vera-Vassallo, Alejandro

    2014-01-01

    El documento gira en torno a tres ejes de la reflexión sobre el tema de la importancia de la tecnología para el desarrollo productivo y empresarial de América Latina y el Caribe. En la primera parte, el autor intenta bosquejar la posición relativa de América Latina y el Caribe, en materia de desarrollo tecnológico y competitividad internacional, con respecto a otras regiones del mundo tanto desarrolladas como en vías de desarrollo. En la segunda parte, se destaca brevemente las característica...

  5. La educación ambiental y su importancia en la relación sustentable: Hombre-Naturaleza- Territorio

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald Fernando Quintana Arias

    2017-01-01

    Objetivo. Promover la importancia de la educación ambiental en el fortalecimiento de la relación sustentable Hombre-Naturaleza-Territorio en 8 niños y niñas observadores de aves de la primaria María Berchmans. Metodología. Entre agosto y noviembre del 2015 desarrollé un estudio de caso basado en el aprendizaje vivencial, social y experiencial, que se dividió en dos fases en las que se encontraban 19 actividades clasificadas dentro de siete...

  6. Las aguas subterráneas transfronterizas México-Estados Unidos: importancia e invisibilidad dentro del contexto del TLCAN

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalo HATCH KURI; María Verónica IBARRA GARCÍA

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo identifica la importancia del agua subterránea transfronteriza México-Estados Unidos, en relación con el vacío jurídico que predomina en su regulación en las diferentes escalas que intervienen en el uso, manejo y extracción de la misma y el significado de la escasez hídrica en la configuración del discurso hegemónico de seguridad nacional en el panorama neoliberal de integración regional del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN).

  7. Análisis de la importancia de la inteligencia emocional en la motivación de los trabajadores

    OpenAIRE

    Troya Mendoza, César Armando

    2014-01-01

    La importancia de esta investigación radica en identificar la influencia de las emociones en la motivación de las personas en determinados ambientes laborales, el caso de estudio de es la Secretaría Nacional de Educación Superior, Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación – SENESCYT en su Coordinación General Administrativa – Financiera. Asimismo, se investigan las interrogantes siguientes: cómo influye y cuáles son las condiciones favorables que permiten que las personas se motiven ...

  8. La anticipación defensiva en los deportes de equipo: Un estudio de la importancia otorgada a sus variables

    OpenAIRE

    Guzmán, José Francisco; García Ferriol, Ángel

    2002-01-01

    El presente estudio pretendió identificar las principales variables que inciden sobre el éxito en la anticipación defensiva y realizar una jerarquización de su nivel de importancia a partir de las opiniones de los propios practicantes del deporte. El estudio se realizó con una muestra de 181 estudiantes de Educación Secundaria y Universidad, todos ellos con experiencia deportiva extraescolar, de edades comprendidas entre 16 y 20 años, a los cuales se les administró un cuestionario de 10 ítems...

  9. Intervención educativa e importancia de las rutinas en niños/as con Autismo

    OpenAIRE

    Martín González, Ángela

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo se centra fundamentalmente en la intervención educativa con niños/as que presentan autismo, así como en la importancia que tienen las rutinas en niños/as que presentan estas características. La intención de este trabajo es orientar a los docentes a cerca de algunas estrategias educativas para que la educación de estos niños/as sea satisfactoria. Para ello presentaremos primeramente las características de este trastorno, así como los tipos de autismo que existen, para despué...

  10. A importancia das associações para a democracia:uma análise segundo a perspectiva tocquevilliana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Esser Reis

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available No presente artigo nos propomos a analisar a importancia atribuida por Tocqueville às associações civis e políticas como meio de combater a tendência natural dos homens no Estado Democrático,ao isolamento e à indiferença pública, posto que essa tendência constitui-se como ameaça à liberdade e impede que a democracia reine no mundo político.

  11. La importancia de rescatar, preservar, mantener y cuidar la micro cuenca del Río Magdalena, Distrito Federal

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús Sales Colín; Miguel Ángel López Flores; Leticía Contreras Hernández

    2002-01-01

    El presente trabajo presenta una justificación desde el punto de vista ambiental sobre la importancia de rescatar, preservar, mantener y cuidar la micro cuenca del Río Magdalena, Distrito Federal, México, donde se alberga el último río vivo de la ciudad de México. Este río está sometido a una variedad de impactos ambientales, encontrándose en la reserva ecológica de la delegación La Magdalena Contreras, espacio que, además, presenta una concatenación de la problemática ambiental d...

  12. Aspectos bioecológicos de importancia para el control de Aedes aegypti y otros culicidos en el ecosistema urbano

    OpenAIRE

    Marquetti Fernández, María del Carmen

    2007-01-01

    Conocer la influencia del Programa de Erradicación de Aedes aegypti en la incidencia, y abundancia de culícidos incluyendo el vector del dengue en el ecosistema urbano es de importancia ya que las enfermedades transmitidas por estos constituyen problemas prioritarios de salud en Cuba. El presente trabajo aporta conocimientos novedosos con relación a la bioecologia de Aedes aegypti y otros culícidos, como Culex quinquefasciatus y Gymnometopa mediovittata, así como la caracterización de los háb...

  13. Previsional Dimension of Management in Romanian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion VERBONCU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We will insist in our analysis on the managerial situation of the four types of firms defined by dimensional characteristics - micro, small, medium and large - working in almost all sectors: industries, trade, transport, agriculture, services, so on. Analysis of managerial viability refers to various fields, coming from the company’s feature of “management system”, as follows: strategies and policies, methodological, decisional, informational, organizational and human resource management, leadership, efficiency, effectiveness, competitiveness and sustainability of management system. For this purpose were used important information sources, such as: results of a special survey developed during August - October 2011, based on questionnaire, dedicated to managers and specialists from enterprises, trainers from higher education, researchers and management consultants; interviews’ results based on questionnaire of entrepreneurs and managers of SMEs with the occasion of achieving White Paper of SMEs in 2011, during March-April 2011; theoretical and pragmatic experience of the authors of this study and other members of Romanian Academic Management Society; authors’ involvement in management consultancy offered to companies over the past 22 years and literature from our country and abroad regarding management of Romanian companies.

  14. The ABC-paradox: is Time Driven ABC relevant for small and Medium sized enterprises (SME)?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fladkjær, Henrik Find; Jensen, Erling

    -books and in curriculum at most business schools. But ABC is not used very much by the compa-nies. Especially in small and medium enterprises ABC is rarely implemented. This is primarily due to two things: First, the ABC model is too difficult to implement. Second, the data foundation for the model is not available...... in the required quality in the ERP systems used by the businesses. In this article we will explore ways of overcoming these two related problems. We will explore these issues particularly in relation to small and medium enterprises. Through a theoretical analysis and practical implementation in a medium sized...... manufacturing company we will analyse whether it is possible to create a satisfactory decision making foundation using a TDABC as a less complex cost model in the company. We have analysed our way to the conclusion that compared to ABC, the TDABC model provides the management with a number of pragmatic...

  15. La educación ambiental y su importancia en la relación sustentable: Hombre-Naturaleza- Territorio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald Fernando Quintana Arias

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Promover la importancia de la educación ambiental en el fortalecimiento de la relación sustentable Hombre-Naturaleza-Territorio en 8 niños y niñas observadores de aves de la primaria María Berchmans. Metodología. Entre agosto y noviembre del 2015 desarrollé un estudio de caso basado en el aprendizaje vivencial, social y experiencial, que se dividió en dos fases en las que se encontraban 19 actividades clasificadas dentro de siete categorías. Resultados. El desarrollo tanto de habilidades cognitivas “duras” como de habilidades socioemocionales “blandas” exponiendo diferentes ambientes educacionales, incentiva un aprendizaje activo que fortalece la relación sustentable Hombre-Naturaleza-Territorio. Conclusión. La generación de una conciencia de conservación ambiental al contemplar la importancia de la educación escolar en la relación Hombre-Naturaleza-Territorio lleva a la apropiación de la biodiversidad (natural-cultural y a generar aprendizajes significativos.

  16. Hongos de importancia agrícola presentes en moscas de la fruta del valle de Ica, Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E. Tipismana

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo fue aislar e identificar hongos de especímenes de moscas de la fruta de los géneros Ceratitis (Macleay y Anastrepha (Schiner, del valle de Ica, Perú. Se aislaron hongos pertenecientes a los géneros Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Mucor, Penicillium, Rhizoctonia, Rhizopus y Trichoderma;así como levaduras y micelios estériles. Los recuentos de hongos presentaron rangos entre 8x103 a 8x104 UFC/g para el género Ceratitis; y 7x103 a 7x104 UFC/g para el género Anastrepha. El IVI% (Índice de Valor de Importancia demostró que Cladosporium es el género con mayor valor ecológico con un 78,05%. El Índice de Similitud de especies de hongos entre ambos géneros de mosca de la fruta analizados fue 0,5. Los resultados obtenidos confirman la presencia de hongos en moscas de la fruta; y se deduce el posible impacto de estos dípteros en el área agrícola como potenciales agentes vectores de enfermedades fúngicas para los cultivos locales de importancia económica.

  17. Distribución actual e importancia epidemiológica de las especies de triatominos (Reduviidae: Triatominae en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge A. Molina

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la distribución geográfica y la importancia epidemiológica en la transmisión de la enfermedad de Chagas de las 23 especies de triatominos presentes en Colombia, tomando como base los registros bibliográficos existentes en el pais y las colecciones de referencia del Laboratorio de Entomologia del Instituto Nacional de Salud y del Centro de Investigaciones en Microbiologia y Parasitologia Tropical de la Universidad de los Andes; además, se realiza un análisis de las condiciones ecológicas en las cuales han sido registrados triatominos en los paises con fronteras con Colombia para poder establecer la presencia de posibles especies que aún no se han registrado en nuestro pais. De esta manera. existe la posibilidad de tener en Colombia especies con hábitos silvestres como: Alberprosenia malheiroi. Belminus laportei y Cavernicola lenti, preentes todas ellas en los departamentos amazónicos; Triatoma nigromaculata en la Cordillera Oriental y con hábitos intradomiciliarios; Panstrongylus chinai con posibilidad de encontrarse en hábitats selváticos o en las viviendas de los colonos de la Amazonia debido a su atracción por la luz y Alberprosenia goyovargasien hábitats silvestres de la frontera con Venezuela. Se resalta la importancia de la vigilancia entomológica a nivel nacional como estrategia para reforzar los estudios de triatominos silvestres en Colombia.

  18. Importancia de los estudios fisiológicos en los cultivos de flores de exportación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orozco de Amézquita Martha

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available La Fisiologla Vegetal estudia el funcionamiento de las plantas y los procesos vitales que regulan su crecimiento, desarrollo y producción. En últimas, las respuestas de los vegetales dependen de lo que ocurre a nivel molecular, de organelos subcelulares, de células, de tejidos y órganos y de las
    interrelaciones entre ellos, todo ésto modulado por
    las condiciones ambientales. De la anterior definición, se deduce la importancia que tiene la investigación de los procesos fisiológicos en el desarrollo de la floricultura. En la actualidad, el manejo de plantas productoras de flores bajo
    invernadero en la Sabana de Bogotá está basado en el interés de los floricultores por mejorar y aumentar
    la calidad de la producción, lo cual ha originado un importante conocimiento emplrico, acompañado del empleo de técnicas recomendadas por expertos internacionales, que han suplido
    los requerimientos necesarios para la producción. Por lo anterior, Arbeláez (1985 opina que un aspecto de vital importancia en el desarrollo futuro de la industria de flores será el poder contar con investigación suficiente que genere la tecnologla adecuada a las necesidades y condiciones colombianas.

  19. Impact of virtualization process on the competitiveness of small and medium sized firms

    OpenAIRE

    Najda-Janoszka, Marta

    2011-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of the impact of virtualization process on competitiveness of small and medium sized firms. The developed methodology for measuring the level of organizational virtualness has been effectively applied to a wide range of businesses, both large and the smallest companies representing traditional and high-technology sectors. Through statistical analysis it has been confirmed that virtualization process has a positive impact on competitiveness of companies. Howev...

  20. Clusters e redes de cooperação de pequenas e médias empresas: observatório europeu, caso alemão e contribuições ao caso brasileiro Clusters and cooperation networks of small and medium-sized companies: analysis of european and German experiences and contributions to the brazilian case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateus Cecílio Gerolamo

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta os recentes estudos sobre clusters e redes de cooperação de pequenas e médias empresas na Europa, realizados pela Comissão Européia, bem como a descrição da atual estratégia de desenvolvimento de redes de competência na Alemanha (Kompetenznetze Deutschland, abordando especificamente o caso da região de Berlim e Brandemburgo. O objetivo principal é, por meio das análises dos programas europeus de desenvolvimento de clusters e redes de cooperação entre pequenas e médias empresas, verificar possibilidades de adaptação para a realidade brasileira no que se refere a arranjos produtivos locais e parques tecnológicos. Em linhas gerais, pequenas e médias empresas pertencentes a clusters na Europa têm demonstrado desempenho acima da média quando comparadas às demais empresas de seus respectivos setores. O aumento da competitividade de clusters e o crescimento econômico regional estão fortemente associados ao investimento em inovação. Esse é o caso da Alemanha que incentiva o desenvolvimento de inovação por meio de suas redes de competência. A região Berlim-Brandemburgo retrata o exemplo de uma estratégia coerente de desenvolvimento local. Pode-se dizer que possíveis alternativas para o Brasil seriam o apoio mais direto do poder público, foco em inovação e definição de processos para gerenciamento das redes de cooperação.This paper presents studies on clusters and cooperation networks of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs developed by the European Commission, as well as a description of the current German strategy for developing competence networks (Kompetenznetze Deutschland, focusing specifically on the case of the regions of Berlin and Brandenburg. The main goal of this work is to analyze the experience of the European and German initiatives and to verify the possibilities of adapting such initiatives to the context of local productive systems and technology parks in Brazil. In

  1. Pions in the nuclear medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chanfray, G.

    1996-07-01

    We discuss various aspects of pion physics in the nuclear medium. We first study s-wave pion-nucleus interaction in connection with chiral symmetry restoration and quark condensate in the nuclear medium. We then address the question of p-wave pion-nucleus interaction and collective pionic modes in nuclei and draw the consequences for in medium ππ correlations especially in the scalar-isoscalar channel. We finally discuss the modification of the rho meson mass spectrum at finite density and/or temperature in connection with relativistic heavy ion collisions

  2. Cost and Management Accounting Practices: A Survey of Manufacturing Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali UYAR

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to explore cost and management accounting practices utilized by manufacturing companies operating in Istanbul, Turkey. The sample of the study consists of 61 companies, containing both small and medium-sized enterprises, and large companies. The data collection methodology of the study is questionnaire survey. The content of the questionnaire survey is based on several previous studies. The major findings of the study are as follows: the most widely used product costing method is job costing; the complexity in production poses as the highest ranking difficulty in product costing; the most widely used three overhead allocation bases are prime costs, units produced, and direct labor cost; pricing decisions is the most important area where costing information is used; overall mean of the ratio of overhead to total cost is 34.48 percent for all industries; and the most important three management accounting practices are budgeting, planning and control, and cost-volume-profit analysis. Furthermore, decreasing profitability, increasing costs and competition, and economic crises are the factors, which increase the perceived importance of cost accounting. The findings indicate that companies perceive traditional management accounting tools still important. However, new management accounting practices such as strategic planning, and transfer pricing are perceived less important than traditional ones. Therefore, companies need to improve themselves in this aspect.

  3. East India Company Logbooks - Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This collection consists of images of 1,235 ship logbooks created during British East India Company voyages. Period of record 1786-1834, peaking in 1804. The...

  4. LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENTS IN SLOVENIAN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Kohont

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we study the relationship between the company and the leaders. We are interested what is characteristic of leadership in the best Slovenian companies. We used standardised employee questionnaire and data gathered in the Golden thread project. We observe the situation in these companies in the period between 2007 and 2014 to find out if there are any significant changes in leadership developments. Special attention in leadership observation is devoted to 1. The fundamental relationship between the company and the leaders, 2. The role and quality of leaders work, 3. Organizational culture, climate and relationships, 4. Entrepreneurship and innovation, 5. The quality of the working environment, 6. The personal growth and development and 7. Emotional commitment. The analysis represents an insight into current leadership situation and shows that the recent developments were heavily marked by the economic crisis, especially in 2009.

  5. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE FOR INSURANCE COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ignatiuk

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The current state and future trends for the world and domestic insurance markets are analyzed. The description of business intelligence methodology, tools and their practical implication for insurance companies are provided.

  6. Perceptions of work environment priorities: Are there any differences by company size? An ecological study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordlöf, Hasse; Wijk, Katarina; Westergren, Karl-Erik

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Earlier studies suggest that the quality of handling occupational health and safety (OHS) activities differs between companies of different sizes. Company size is a proxy variable for other variables affecting OHS performance. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate if there is an association between company size and perceptions of work environment prioritizations. METHODS: Data from 106 small- and medium-sized Swedish manufacturing companies was collected. One manager and one safety delegate at each company rated different aspects of their companies’ work environment prioritizations with a 43-item questionnaire. Ratings were aggregated to a summary statistic for each company before analysis. RESULTS: No significant differences in perceptions of priority were found to be associated with company sizes. This is in contrast to earlier studies of objective differences. The respondents in small companies, however, showed significantly greater consensus in their ratings. CONCLUSIONS: Company size does not appear to be associated with perceptions of work environment prioritizations. Company size is an important proxy variable to study in order to understand what factors enable and obstruct safe and healthy workplaces. The work presented here should be viewed as an initial exploration to serve as direction for future academic work. PMID:26409368

  7. Determinants of the company value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamila Růžičková

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, there are many conceptions involving creation of the company value, as it is the main objective for the owners. However, there are still many companies interested primarily in the different company’s objectives and enhance its competitive position differently. The aim of the paper is to present and analyze the viewpoints of Czech and foreign specialists on the issue of company value creation. The paper provides the determination of factors positively influencing the company value, the description of their characteristics, and on the basis of a detailed academic discussion proposes conclusions. Attention is paid especially to the value drivers which are not recorded in the financial documents.The introduction of the paper gives a brief overview of the topic. The paper is divided into three main parts. The first part introduces the effective cost management. It clarifies the concept of the managerial accounting and explains its contribution to the creation of the company value. The second part deals with the external relationships of the company. It focuses on the buyer-supplier relationships and offers the detailed perspective on the specific issue of the agricultural companies and their competitiveness in relation to the land leases. The third part concentrates on the internal company environment, namely on the human capital potential and its effects on the value of the company. In the concluding part, the findings are summarized. Based on the results, the figure describing the determinants and generators of the company value is formed. This figure can be considered a systematic procedure how to create a company value.All findings are supported with the literature review e.g. Armstrong (2007, Fibírová and Šoljaková (2005, Marinič (2008, Petřík (2007 and Porter (2004. Within the paper elaboration, the analysis and synthesis as scientific methods were used for explanation of the experts’ points of view and then summed up as the

  8. COMPANIES WITH MARKET POSITIONING BRANDS

    OpenAIRE

    Ruxandra Radoviciu; Filimon Stremtan

    2009-01-01

    Positioning a company on the market by the usage of brands is defined as the act ofdesigning the supply and its image on the market, so as to occupy a distinct place in the minds of theirtarget audience. The role of positioning in developing marketing strategy to differentiate products andservices involves the selection of attributes that are considered important for consumers. In order togain a strong position on the market the companies must perform a market analysis, an internalanalysis an...

  9. Which Companies Benefit form Liberalization?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baghdasaryan, Delia; la Cour, Lisbeth; Schneider, Cédric

    2016-01-01

    Theoretical research shows that competition has positive effects on productivity, for companies that are initially efficient, but not for unproductive firms. Our empirical analysis on a panel data of Czech companies, years 1995–2004, confirms this result. In addition, our analysis shows that when...... economic reforms affect both domestic and foreign competition, controlling for domestic competition is crucial when assessing the impact of trade liberalization. Otherwise, the effect of trade liberalization on firm productivity is upward biased....

  10. financial analysis of the company

    OpenAIRE

    Pojerová, Jana

    2008-01-01

    The main goal of this bachelor thesis called "Company Financial Analysis" is to evaluate the financial situation of ZS Kosova Hora a.s. in the years 2005 2013 using standard methods of financial analysis. To achieve this goal horizontal and vertical analyses, ratio analysis, pyramidal decomposition of the ROE indicator and solvency and bankruptcy models have been used. In all these areas the selected company has been compared with a selected sample of other agricultural enterprises and its fi...

  11. International Companies in Fragile States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Patey, Luke; Kragelund, Peter

    Denmark must not fail to promote corporate social responsibility in fragile states. International companies remain active in these environments, and often worsen rather than alleviate poor governance. Financial transparency and human rights initiatives offer the first step in ensuring that this d......Denmark must not fail to promote corporate social responsibility in fragile states. International companies remain active in these environments, and often worsen rather than alleviate poor governance. Financial transparency and human rights initiatives offer the first step in ensuring...

  12. LA IMPORTANCIA DE LA SOCIOLOGÍA JURÍDICA EN LOS PROCESOS GLOBALIZADORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Alfonso Algora Buenafé

    2016-01-01

    reflection of the historical and cultural context of a people. Globalization promotes human movements generators rules respond to new social relations. Through the Roman Empire of public international law or the laws issued by the colonizing states are examples of the need to regulate new social realities whose actors are different social groups. It is evident how the processes of regional integration, which initially have an economic and tariff target, have resulted in the creation of standards and supranational institutions that affect social relations between citizens of different countries. The European Union is an example of this globalization phenomenon tending to dilute national entities in favor of European regional integration. The relationship between globalization and the transfer of sovereignty generates a key question: the law must be ahead of the company or the company who gives guidelines for positivization of the standard? So the work of the legislature as a protector of good community stands and identifies and analyzes the social challenges that currently face the law: globalization and modernization of the criminal practice, migration and minorities, thus establishing as basic aspects of the social, geographic, chronological and socioeconomic.KEYWORDS: Sociology; Law; legal phenomena; globalization processes.

  13. Differential Medium for Vibrio cholerae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrank, Gordon D.; Stager, Charles E.; Verwey, W. F.

    1973-01-01

    A differential medium designed for rapid presumptive identification of Vibrio cholerae was described and shown to be useful for enumeration of viable cholera vibrios in the presence of other intestinal bacteria. Images PMID:4764406

  14. Medium effects in direct reactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karakoc, M; Bertulani, C

    2013-01-01

    We discuss medium corrections of the nucleon-nucleon (NN) cross sections and their influence on direct reactions at intermediate energies ≳50 MeV/nucleon. The results obtained with free NN cross sections are compared with those obtained with a geometrical treatment of Pauli-blocking and Dirac-Bruecker methods. We show that medium corrections may lead to sizable modifications for collisions at intermediate energies and that they are more pronounced in reactions involving weakly bound nuclei.

  15. Analysis Of Employee Engagement And Company Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Mekel, Peggy A.; Saerang, David P.E.; Silalahi, Immanuel Maradopan

    2014-01-01

    Employee could be a competitive advantage of a company if company manages its employees well. The success of a company could be seen from how a company manages their employees and engages their employees. Most of big companies put their employees in top priority in order to keep their top performance. These big companies manage their employees and try to engage their employees so that their employees could generate high performance. In this study, employee engagement is the factor to examine ...

  16. Human resource policy and Danish multinational companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fleming, Daniel; Søborg, Henrik

    A study of Danish multinational companies' human resource policy in their subsidiaries in Malaysia and Singapore.The sample of companies consists of 8 Danish multinational companies with activities in both Malaysia and Singapore.......A study of Danish multinational companies' human resource policy in their subsidiaries in Malaysia and Singapore.The sample of companies consists of 8 Danish multinational companies with activities in both Malaysia and Singapore....

  17. 75 FR 22689 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Regent Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Regent Insurance Company AGENCY: Financial... following company: Regent Insurance Company (NAIC 24449) Business Address: One General Drive, Sun Prairie... renewal as long as the companies remain qualified (see 31 CFR part 223). A list of qualified companies is...

  18. 75 FR 11228 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Pennsylvania Manufacturers Indemnity Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Pennsylvania Manufacturers Indemnity Company....C. 9305 to the following company: Pennsylvania Manufacturers Indemnity Company (NAIC 41424... renewal as long as the companies remain qualified (see 31 CFR part 223). A list of qualified companies is...

  19. 75 FR 11228 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company....C. 9305 to the following company: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company (NAIC 36897). Business... tong as the companies remain qualified ] (see 31 CFR part 223). A list of qualified companies is...

  20. LA IMPORTANCIA DEL HIGIENISMO Y LA POTABILIZACIÓN DEL AGUA EN LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA (1860 -1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Palomero González

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El siglo XIX se caracteriza por numerosos cambios tanto a nivel social como estructural de la pobla - ción: se produce un acelerado desarrollo urbano sin planificación y carente de servicios que da lugar a una mala calidad de vida y numerosas epidemias. Estos cambios tienen como resultado un nuevo movi - miento, el Higienismo, que pretende mejorar las condiciones de vida de la población. En España, todas las reformas higiénicas se desarrollaron mediante los planes de Ensanche. Uno de los puntos clave de este pensamiento es el abastecimiento de agua potable como medio para evitar enfermedades. La ciudad de Valencia es un claro ejemplo de la importancia de este movimiento y cómo el abastecimiento de agua es un elemento clave en la mejora de la calidad de vida de las personas.

  1. Importancia de la donación de células madre en pacientes con anemia de Fanconi

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Martín, Lucía

    2014-01-01

    La importancia de la donación tanto de médula ósea como de sangre del cordón umbilical se debe a que contiene unas células denominadas células madre. Estas células pueden ser de dos tipos: embrionarias, que se obtienen de la sangre del cordón umbilical, y maduras, que se pueden obtener de la médula ósea y de sangre periférica. La capacidad que tienen estas células y las hace tan especiales es que pueden dividirse formando nuevas células madre, o formar otras células más especializa...

  2. Importancia del conteo de células somáticas en la calidad de la leche

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Reyes, Juan Manuel; Bedolla Cedeño, José Luís Carlos

    2008-01-01

    Este trabajo es una revisión sobre la importancia de las células somáticas en la calidad de la leche. Las células somáticas son, entre otras, células blancas propias del organismo que le sirven como defensa a la glándula mamaria de la vaca contra organismos patógenos. La determinación del contenido de células somáticas de la leche del tanque, o de los cuartos de la glándula mamaria de las vacas, es el medio auxiliar de diagnóstico más importante para juzgar el estado de salud de la ubre de un...

  3. La importancia de la expresión artística en Educación Infantil

    OpenAIRE

    Gallego-Villar, Naiara

    2014-01-01

    En este Trabajo Fin de Grado se analiza la importancia que tiene la expresión artística en Educación Infantil. Para ello, se ha realizado una revisión bibliográfica, para llevar a cabo los diferentes apartados que componen el marco teórico. Se han analizado los aspectos básicos del desarrollo infantil, la relación entre este desarrollo y la expresión artística según las teorías de Gardner, los tipos de expresión artística presentes en Educación Infantil y el papel que desempeña la expresión a...

  4. Concienciar al alumnado de Educación Primaria sobre la importancia de cuidar el medio ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Blas-Guinovart, Marta

    2014-01-01

    En este Trabajo de Fin de Grado (TFG) se muestra la evolución que ha sufrido la educación ambiental a lo largo del tiempo y la importancia que ha ido adquirido en los currículums de las distintas etapas educativas. También se hace un repaso a los distintos programas de educación ambiental que se desarrollan en el territorio español y la vinculación de la familia con la educación ambiental. Además, incluye una propuesta de intervención para un grupo de 5º curso de Educación Primaria de la Esco...

  5. La Importancia del Intangible en la Empresa de Internet: Una Propuesta de Medición Contable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Fuentes Martín

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available En el presente documento de trabajo se analiza la importancia de intangible en el valor de la empresa de Internet y por tanto en la obtención de financiación para la misma, la problemática de su contabilización, así como un estudio empírico en el que se propone la aplicación de una metodología basada en las técnicas operativas proporcionadas por la teoría de los subconjuntos difusos, a la identificación, y posterior tratamiento de los intangibles generadores de ventaja competitiva y su inclusión en un "balance invisible.

  6. LA IMPORTANCIA DE LOS EJES DE FIJACIÓN DEL PAISAJE URBANO EN LA EDUCACIÓN VIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Nina, Mónica Marianela; Filippeti, Rosana; Pauletto, Selva del Valle

    2012-01-01

    La enseñanza de los ejes de fijación en el espacio urbano son elementos que deben ser vinculados con la educación vial ya que la misma no forma parte del diseño curricular en la educación formal. El propósito del presente trabajo es que a través de la enseñanza de las funciones de las arterias de circulación como calles, avenidas, rutas, autopistas se busca la toma de conciencia de los jóvenes de la importancia de conocer los principios de la educación vial para prevenir los accidentes de trá...

  7. IMPORTANCIA Y DESAFÍOS DE LA CONSERVACIÓN DE Vanilla spp. (ORQUIDACEAE EN COSTA RICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jos\\u00E9 Bernal Azofeifa-Bola\\u00F1os

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir la importancia y los principales retos del uso, manejo y conservación del género Vanilla en Costa Rica. Los temas tratados fueron: taxonomía en el país y a nivel mundial, datos sobre recolección y nuevas estimaciones de parientes silvestres, la importancia económica, ecológica y social, el acervo genético de las especies costarricenses, la situación del cultivo a nivel mundial (área cosechada, producción, rendimiento, principales países productores, causas que disminuyen el potencial productivo de las especies, los métodos de cultivo, la posibilidad de extinción de Vanilla planifolia y el potencial genético existente en el país respecto a la concentración de vainillina. Se expone una estrategia integral de conservación que pretende perpetuar los recursos fitogenéticos de vainilla en bancos de germoplasma a través de un sistema formal de producción de semillas, para su utilización ulterior con fines de mejoramiento, investigación y producción comercial. Además, mediante un uso sustentable se protegerán las especies y variedades costarricenses. Las personas, físicas o jurídicas, que utilicen dicho material deberán generar a los proveedores beneficios monetarios, o no monetarios, por el uso de los recursos a través de un sistema justo y equitativo. Las condiciones agroecológicas de Costa Rica así como el material genético de vainilla tanto silvestre como cultivado abren la posibilidad de desarrollar modelos productivos basados en la agricultura orgánica.

  8. Social Media Marketing for a Business : And a case company in Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Kuki, Timo

    2017-01-01

    This is a commissioned work for a medium sized business about to endeavor in the world of social media marketing. The company intends to increase their prevalence on the web and particularly to launch their portfolio on the social medias such as Facebook. Social media has become such a big player in the daily lives of people, that companies of all sizes should pay attention towards whether to use it as a marketing channel. The culprit on this occasion is the case company, and their endeavo...

  9. Conocimientos que tienen las personas docentes sobre neurociencia, e importancia que atribuyen a los aportes de ésta en los procesos de enseñanza aprendizaje.

    OpenAIRE

    Román Solano, Marianela

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo nace del interés por reconocer y validar la importancia e impacto que puede tener la incorporación de la neurociencia en el sistema educativo costarricense, por lo que tiene como objetivo conocer y reflexionar sobre los conocimientos que tienen un grupo de docentes respecto a este tema; así como la importancia que atribuyen a los aportes de la neurociencia en los procesos de enseñanza aprendizaje. Además, tuvo como fin identificar sí en la formación profesional de quie...

  10. Importancia relativa de los factores determinantes de los niveles séricos de 25-hidroxi-colecalciferol en la enfermedad renal crónica

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Caravaca-Fontán; Boris Gonzales-Candia; Enrique Luna; Francisco Caravaca

    2016-01-01

    Introducción: El origen de la carencia de vitamina D en la enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) parece multifactorial, pero es incierta la importancia relativa de cada uno de sus potenciales determinantes. Objetivos: Determinar los factores asociados a los niveles de 25-hidroxi-colecalciferol (25OHD) y su importancia relativa en una cohorte de pacientes con ERC prediálisis. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes incidentes en una consulta de ERC, excluyendo a aquellos que recibían suplem...

  11. The European Company : From a Swedish private company perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Öster, Alexandra; Alm, Cecilia

    2006-01-01

    The development within the European Union is that we are heading towards a common internal market. The law has during the year become more harmo-nized within the Union in many areas. The company law within the European Union has become harmonized through several company law directives and the freedom of establishment, which is included in the EC Treaty. The aim of an internal market is about to be achieved, but there are still differences between the systems of law within the Member States. T...

  12. "The Medium and the Message."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowan, Andrew

    Radio communications have been as necessary to the development of Canadian territories north of the 60th parallel as roads, schools, medical services, and airstrips. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation did not pioneer broadcasting in northern Canada, but its Northern Service has been the only broadcasting company north of the 60th parallel for…

  13. Social world interactions: how company connects to paranoia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collip, D; Oorschot, M; Thewissen, V; Van Os, J; Bentall, R; Myin-Germeys, I

    2011-05-01

    Experimental studies have indicated that social contact, even when it is neutral, triggers paranoid thinking in people who score high on clinical or subclinical paranoia. We investigated whether contextual variables are predictive of momentary increases in the intensity of paranoid thinking in a sample of participants ranging across a psychometric paranoia continuum. The sample (n=154) consisted of 30 currently paranoid patients, 34 currently non-paranoid patients, 15 remitted psychotic patients, 38 high-schizotypy participants, and 37 control subjects. Based on their total score on Fenigstein's Paranoia Scale (PS), three groups with different degrees of paranoia were defined. The Experience Sampling Method (ESM), a structured diary technique, was used to assess momentary social context, perceived social threat and paranoia in daily life. There were differences in the effect of social company on momentary levels of paranoia and perceived social threat across the range of trait paranoia. The low and medium paranoia groups reported higher levels of perceived social threat when they were with less-familiar compared to familiar individuals. The medium paranoia group reported more paranoia in less-familiar company. The high paranoia group reported no difference in the perception of social threat or momentary paranoia between familiar and unfamiliar contacts. Paranoid thinking is context dependent in individuals with medium or at-risk levels of trait paranoia. Perceived social threat seems to be context dependent in the low paranoia group. However, at high levels of trait paranoia, momentary paranoia and momentary perceived social threat become autonomous and independent of social reality.

  14. Organizational factors and the attitude toward health promotion in German ICT-companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Julia; Nitzsche, Anika; Ansmann, Lena; Ernstmann, Nicole; Ommen, Oliver; Stieler-Lorenz, Brigitte; Wasem, Jürgen; Pfaff, Holger

    2012-09-01

    This study takes a first step toward examining the relationship between organizational characteristics and the perceived attitude toward health promotion in companies from the perspective of chief executive officers (CEOs). Data for the cross-sectional study were collected through telephone interviews with one CEO from randomly selected companies within the German information and communication technology (ICT) sector. Multivariate logistic regression analysis (LRA) was performed, and further LRA was conducted after stratifying on company size. LRA of data from a total of n = 522 interviews found significant associations between the attitude toward health promotion and the company's market position, its number of hierarchical levels, the percentage of permanent positions and the percentage of employees with an academic education. After stratification on company size, the association between the attitude toward health promotion and both market position and the percentage of employees with an academic education was still present in small companies. There were no significant relationships between the attitude toward health promotion and the structural characteristics of medium-sized and large companies. The preliminary results of the study indicate that a perceived attitude toward health promotion in companies can be explained, to a certain degree, by the intraorganizational characteristics analyzed. Our key findings highlight that efforts toward establishing a positive attitude toward health promotion should focus on small companies with a lower market position and a greater number of employees with a lower education level.

  15. Founders of share companies under the Ethiopian share company ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article explores the Commercial Code and other laws of Ethiopia regarding founders – who they are, liabilities and benefits - who are also called 'promoters' by many other company laws. To some extent, it also looks into the business practice based on documents like memorandum of associations, articles of ...

  16. How to Analyze Company Using Social Network?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palus, Sebastian; Bródka, Piotr; Kazienko, Przemysław

    Every single company or institution wants to utilize its resources in the most efficient way. In order to do so they have to be have good structure. The new way to analyze company structure by utilizing existing within company natural social network and example of its usage on Enron company are presented in this paper.

  17. TRANSNATIONAL COMPANIES: DEFINITION, SPECIFICATION AND ADVANTAGES

    OpenAIRE

    TAHIRLI, Ozlam

    2017-01-01

    Thetransnational companies are considered to be the most complex and modern formamong the companies, however it has certain factors that makes it more obligedcomparing to other ones as well. Beforewe overview the structure and factors of transnational companies we shouldreview all forms of companies and determine its general definitions.

  18. Regulatory scientific advice in drug development: does company size make a difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putzeist, Michelle; Mantel-Teeuwisse, Aukje K; Gispen-De Wied, Christine C; Hoes, Arno W; Leufkens, Hubert G

    2011-02-01

    To assess whether the content of Scientific Advice (SA) questions addressed to a national drug regulatory agency is associated with company size. This may help to increase understanding about the knowledge, strategic, and regulatory gaps companies face during drug development. A cross-sectional analysis was performed of SA provided by the Dutch Medicines Evaluation Board (MEB) in 2006-2008. Definition of company size was based on ranking by total revenues (Scrip's Pharmaceutical Company League Tables 2008). The content of each SA question was scored according to predefined domains (quality, nonclinical, clinical, regulatory, and product information), their subdomains (e.g., efficacy), and a selection of additional content variables (e.g., endpoints, choice of active comparator). In total, 201 SA documents including 1,087 questions could be identified. Small, medium-sized, and large companies asked for SA 110 (54.7%), 40 (19.9%), and 51 (25.4%) times, respectively. Clinical questions were asked most often (65.9%), mainly including efficacy (33.2%) and safety questions (24.0%). The most frequent topics were overall efficacy and safety strategy. Small companies asked quality and nonclinical questions more often (P companies (P = 0.004). Small companies asked significantly more clinical questions about pharmacokinetics, including bioequivalence, than medium-sized and large companies (P < 0.001). The array of topics addressed in SA provides an interesting outlook on what industry considers to be still unresolved in drug development and worthwhile to discuss with regulators. Company size is associated with the content of SA questions. MEB advice accommodates both innovative and noninnovative drug development.

  19. Orchestrating Company Development in SMEs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riis, Jens Ove

    2003-01-01

    Over a period of several years many companies undergo a transformation with signifi­cant improvement in performance. We have studied such a process in seven SMEs to achieve a better understanding of how the change process was initiated and orches­trated. A rather complex picture has emerged...... suggesting a multitude of dimensions and aspects to be employed when interpreting the findings. The metaphor of orchestration seems well suited to describe company development as a process of bringing a broad spectrum of areas and aspects into play, in parallel and in series. It implies following a score...

  20. Starting a Small Instrument Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warburton, W. K.

    1997-03-01

    The author is now the owner of an 8 person company that develops specialized electronics to support the detectors used at synchrotron radiation facilities and is spinning this expertise off into developing spectrometry instruments for specialized medical markets. This talk will begin with a short history illustrating the random walk processes leading to the present situation and then consider some of the issues which a small company must deal with in order to survive. From this perspective, the author will then extract a list of steps the prospective physicist/entreprenuer can take, while still a student or post-doc, to prepare for success in growing a small business.

  1. Chemistry of the interstellar medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Umanskij, S.Ya.

    1979-01-01

    Some aspects of chemistry of interstellar gas-dust clouds are considered. The specific attention is paid to the molecule formation in the interstellar medium. Discussed are the process of hydrogen atom recombination on interstellar specks of dust as well as the formation of double-atom molecules. An ion-molecular mechanism plays the main role in the origination of multiatom molecules. It is noted, that the real progress in chemistry of the interstellar medium will be determined by the development of laboratory investigations at ultralow temperatures and study of the processes proceeding on solid surfaces

  2. Four state companies are markedly different

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aalund, L.R.

    1995-01-01

    The Journal continues its profiles of state owned oil companies with a return to the Persian Gulf, South America, and a first time look at the state oil company of Romania, one of Eastern Europe's most active and oldest producers. The government of Kazakhstan's activities are also covered in this report. These profiles detail the organization of the companies, with emphasis on upstream and downstream operations. Support functions, though essential to a company, are not covered in detail. Company projects and capabilities are only described in this report when necessary to put the company in perspective. Following are the profiles of state companies for Bahrain, Kuwait, Romania, and Venezuela

  3. THE SOCIAL MEDIA IMPACT ON SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZED BUSINESSES

    OpenAIRE

    Mihai Alexandru Constantin Logofatu

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to be a short introduction to social media and discusses on few ways in which small and medium sized businesses in Romania can take advantage of this hot topic. Through the use of social media every company can reach a global audience with less effort, time and money. In a world shaped more and more around social platforms the customer behaviour has completely and forever changed and those leaders and organizations that understand and embrace this new type of communication, co...

  4. Testing of the 3M Company Composite Conductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stovall, John P [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL; Kisner, Roger A [ORNL

    2010-10-01

    The 3M Company has developed a high-temperature low-sag conductor referred to as Aluminum-Conductor Composite-Reinforced or ACCR. The conductor uses an aluminum metal matrix material to replace the steel in conventional conductors. The objective of this work is to accelerate the commercial acceptance by electric utilities of this new conductor design by testing four representative conductor classes in controlled conditions. A unique facility called the Powerline Conductor Accelerated Testing (PCAT) Facility was built at ORNL for testing overhead conductors. The PCAT has been uniquely designed for testing overhead bare transmission line conductors at high currents and temperatures after they have been installed and tensioned to the manufacturer's specifications. The ability to operate a transmission line conductor in this manner does not exist elsewhere in the United States. Four classes of ACCR cable designed by the 3M Company have been successfully test at ORNL small, medium, large and small/compact. Based on these and other manufacturer tests, the 3M Company has successfully introduced the ACCR into the commercial market and has completed over twenty installations for utility companies.

  5. Micropropagation of dahlia in static liquid medium using slow-release tools of medium ingredients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klerk, de G.J.M.; Brugge, ter J.

    2011-01-01

    Growth of dahlia shoots in vitro was ca. 4 times faster in liquid medium than on solidified medium. In liquid standard medium (3% sucrose, macroelements according to Driver–Kuniyuki Walnut medium, microelements according to Murashige–Skoog medium, 0.44 µM benzylaminopurine), the major medium

  6. Animal Locomotion in Different Mediums

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wetlands are repositories of unique biodiversity. Wetlandorganisms are well adapted to their habitat, lying at theinterface of aquatic and terrestrial environments. In order tounderstand their adaptations in a better way, it is essential tograsp the basic properties of the medium in which variousorganisms live. This is attempted ...

  7. Animal Locomotion in Different Mediums

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Fishes, moving in water encounter drag forces, which can be of considerable magnitude. If sudden movement is required to catch prey or escape predators in a viscous medium, it is only possible by the contraction of fast, white muscle fibres, which rely on anaerobic glycolysis pathways. Therefore, it is not surprising that.

  8. Molecular spectroscopy of interstellar medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Varshalovich, D.A.; Khersonskij, V.K.

    1980-01-01

    Experimental data obtained in the investigation into molecules of interstellar medium by molecular-spectroscopic methods are discussed generally. Ion-molecule reactions play a significant part in the formation of multiatom molecules in the interstellar medium as well as reactions proceeding on the surface of interstellar dust. More than 50 types of molecules have been detected in the interstellar medium at present. In a wide range of wave lengths over 500 spectral lines belonging to various molecules and molecular fragments have been recorded. Interstellar molecules permit to investigate interstellar gas from all the sides. They are a suitable indicator of the isotope composition of interstellar gas. Radio observations of interstellar molecules make it possible to effectively investigate kinematics and space structure both separate gas-dust complexes and total gas distribution in Galaxy. It is noted that achievements of molecular spectroscopy of the interstellar medium radically change representations of the chemical composition of interstellar gas, of isotope abundance and organic substance in the Universe

  9. Hadron photoproduction at medium energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dainton, J.B.

    1985-04-01

    Results from measurements of multibody photoproduction at medium incident photon energy (2.8 to 4.8 GeV) are presented and discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on topics which are not well understood and which therefore motivate experiments with the upgraded electron accelerator and storage ring ELSA at the University of Bonn, FR Germany. (author)

  10. Importancia del trabajo de enfermería en la clasificación. Una revisión bibliográfica

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco Jiménez, Soledad

    2017-01-01

    Cartel presentado en el 3er Congreso Internacional de Comunicación en Salud (3ICHC), celebrado los días 19 y 20 de octubre de 2017 en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. El objetivo de este trabajo conocer la importancia del triaje o clasificación de pacientes en la atención segura proporcionada al paciente.

  11. Importancia de los lipopéptidos de Bacillus subtilis en el control biológico de enfermedades en cultivos de gran valor económico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franklin Eduardo Sánchez Pila

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Se determinaron los avances en el control biológico de enfermedades en cultivos de importancia económica, en donde Bacillus subtilis tiene un rol preponderante, puesto que sus lipopéptidos demuestran su efectividad al momento de controlar un rango muy amplio de enfermedades que atacan a los cultivos de mayor importancia en nuestro país y en el mundo. En los tres cultivos analizados se dan detalles de la efectividad de Basillus subtilis para el control de las enfermedades más devastadoras. En Magnaporthe ryzae se determina que la severidad puede ser detenida con gran efectividad, por lo que será necesario ampliar la experimentación hacia la protección de la semilla del arroz. Para Rhizoctonia solani los resultados exhibidos son muy alentadores. Esta enfermedad es de mucha importancia no solo en el cultivo de papas, sino que en toda la variedad de solanáceas y leguminosas cultivadas principalmente en el callejón interandino. En tanto que para Mycosphaerella fijiensis se detallan excelentes resultados ante un patógeno extremadamente agresivo y que su control trae grandes impactos en la población y en el ambiente. Ante lo manifestado el Bacillus subtilis se perfila como uno de los principales agentes biocontroladores para lograr un correcto manejo fitosanitario de los cultivos de mayor importancia en nuestro medio.

  12. Perceived barriers to entry: are there any differences between small, medium-sized and large companies?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kemp, R.G.M.; Lutz, C.H.M.

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to provide empirical evidence about the importance of barriers to entry. In particular, the perceptions of firms are considered. Three questions are addressed: which entry-barriers are important in the perception of firms in the Dutch economy? Do these perceptions

  13. PECULIARITIES OF EVALUATION OF BUSINESS CONTINUITY UNDER AUDIT OF LARGE AND MEDIUM AGRICULTURAL COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Kucherenko S. A.; Terskikh A. A.

    2014-01-01

    The article is devoted to the research of perspective application of methods of the assessment of continuity activity of audited persons by auditors. The authors proved the primary use of the approach based in application of methods of the fuzzy setanalysis in audit

  14. Why small and medium chemical companies continue to pose severe environmental risks in rural China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Guizhen; Zhang, Lei; Mol, Arthur P J; Wang, Tieyu; Lu, Yonglong

    2014-02-01

    In China, rural chemical SMEs are often believed to still largely operate below the sustainability radar. This paper investigates to what extent and how chemical SMEs are already experiencing pressure to improve their environmental performance, using an in-depth case study in Jasmine County, Hebei province. The results show that local residents had rather low trust in the environmental improvement promises made by the enterprises and the local government, and disagreed with the proposed improvement plans. Although the power of local residents to influence decision making remained limited, the chemical SMEs started to feel increasing pressures to clean up their business, from governments, local communities and civil society, and international value chain stakeholders. Notwithstanding these mounting pressures chemical SME's environmental behavior and performance has not changed radically for the better. The strong economic ties between local county governments and chemical SMEs continue to be a major barrier for stringent environmental regulation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. The Electric Company Writers' Notebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.

    This handbook outlines the curriculum objectives for the children's television program, "The Electric Company." The first portion of the text delineates strategies for teaching symbol/sound analysis, including units on blends, letter groups, and word structure. A second section addresses strategies for reading for meaning, including…

  16. Financial management for small companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruce Hansen; Jeff Palmer; Jeff Palmer

    2000-01-01

    The wood-products industry is characterized by many small manufacturers that lack the staff to compile and analyze information on their operations and investments. Two computer programs, FRAN and JEFFI, have been developed by the USDA Forest Service at Princeton, West Virginia,to help small companies better analyze and monitor current performance, and better evaluate...

  17. Resensi Buku: The Living Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayu Chairina Laksmi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Book ReviewJudul buku    : The Living CompanyPenulis    : Arie de GeusPengantar    : Peter M. SengePenerbit    : Harvard Business School PressTahun terbit    : 1997Tebal    : xiv + 214 hal

  18. Chinese Companies in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hong, T.M.; Pieke, F.N.; Stam, T.

    2017-01-01

    The rapid growth of Chinese investment in the Netherlands has been cause for both excitement and anxiety. Many of the companies and other investors are still unknown and the background and objectives of their investment often remain unclear. This research takes a close look at fourteen Chinese

  19. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN A COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrică Stoica

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available All organisations are primarily interested in maintaining and increasing intellectual capital assets, and knowledge management represents only a manner of supporting the satisfaction of this interest and of laying stress on this type of assets. A mistaken conception, according to which at the level of a company there is a finite knowledge store that can be “managed”, reflects nothing but the fact that, at the beginning, many companies have overlooked the general aim of their business. The intangible part is immaterial, difficult to describe, quantify and measure. The intangible asset has and creates value and that is why the evaluation of intellectual property does not represent a simple activity. From a modern viewpoint, organisational learning does not consist only in obtaining new knowledge, but also considers its employment in carrying out the activities of the company, and so it contributes to the generation of new knowledge. The success of companies depends on the personnel’s ability to understand, manipulate and develop information. In case of epistemic economy, the improvement of the innovation capacity, the creation of value and wealth are based on the division of knowledge.

  20. Sales Training for Small Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinder, James F.

    1974-01-01

    The author suggests methods a sales manager in a small company can use to train effective salesmen; he defines the sales manager's role, and cites internal and external training resources. The absence of sales training courses in metropolitan Canada is noted. (AJ)

  1. DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN POLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Szwacka-Mokrzycka

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The private sector, dominated by small and medium enterprises (SME, has been rapidly developing in Poland. Small and medium enterprises are defined as economic entities hiring not more than 250 employees and have turnovers lower than 50 million euros per year. The functioning of small and medium enterprises supports a decrease in unemployment, contributes to introduction of innovative operations and products as well as significantly influences GDP generation. The SME sector faces many barriers limiting their development. They include mainly social, financial and law barriers. Operations of the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development, Academic Business Incubators and other entities support small entrepreneurship. Recently, marketing in small and medium enterprises has particularly influenced their survival. A marketing programme consists of four elements a product, price, distribution, and promotion and is described as the marketing mix. In the paper, results of research in randomly selected enterprises of the SME sector are presented. The aim of the research was to diagnose a range of marketing operations’ use in these companies. The conducted research displays that marketing activity is used mainly for promotion in the investigated enterprises and to a small extent for managing a product’s portfolio in a firm. 

  2. 75 FR 61246 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Darwin National Assurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-04

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Darwin National Assurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Darwin National Assurance Company (NAIC 16624). Business Address: 9 Farm... subsequent annual renewal as long as the companies remain qualified ] (see 31 CFR part 223). A list of...

  3. 77 FR 25535 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Pacific Employers Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Pacific Employers Insurance Company AGENCY....C. 9305 to the following company: Pacific Employers Insurance Company (NAIC 22748). Business Address... prior to that date. The Certificates are subject to subsequent annual renewal as long as the companies...

  4. 78 FR 15123 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Atlantic Specialty Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Atlantic Specialty Insurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Atlantic Specialty Insurance Company (NAIC 27154). BUSINESS ADDRESS: 150... Certificates are subject to subsequent annual renewal as long as the companies remain qualified (see 31 CFR...

  5. 75 FR 60865 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Allied World Reinsurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Allied World Reinsurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Allied World Reinsurance Company (NAIC 22730). Business Address: 199... subsequent annual renewal as long as the companies remain qualified (see 31 CFR part 223). A list of...

  6. 77 FR 25536 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Endurance American Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Endurance American Insurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Endurance American Insurance Company (NAIC 10641). Business Address: 333... subsequent annual renewal as long as the companies remain qualified (see 31 CFR part 223). A list of...

  7. 77 FR 8956 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Integrity Mutual Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Integrity Mutual Insurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Integrity Mutual Insurance Company (NAIC 14303). Business Address: P.O... Certificates are subject to subsequent annual renewal as long as the companies remain qualified (see 31 CFR...

  8. 76 FR 77591 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Aspen American Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Aspen American Insurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Aspen American Insurance Company (NAIC 43460). Business Address: 175... subject to subsequent annual renewal as long as the companies remain qualified (see 31 CFR part 223). A...

  9. 78 FR 19366 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Ohio Security Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Ohio Security Insurance Company AGENCY.... 9305 to the following company: Ohio Security Insurance Company (NAIC 24082). BUSINESS ADDRESS: 62 Maple... subject to subsequent annual renewal as long as the companies remain qualified (see 31 CFR part 223). A...

  10. 78 FR 35017 - Prairie Power, Inc. v. Ameren Services Company, Ameren Illinois Company, Ameren Transmission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Prairie Power, Inc. v. Ameren Services Company, Ameren Illinois Company, Ameren Transmission Company of Illinois; Notice of Complaint Take notice that on May 31, 2013, pursuant.... (Complainant) filed a formal complaint against Ameren Services Company, Ameren Illinois Company and Ameren...

  11. 75 FR 14436 - Ameren Corporation, Illinois Power Company, Central Illinois Light Company, Central Illinois...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Ameren Corporation, Illinois Power Company, Central Illinois Light Company, Central Illinois Public Service Company, Ameren Energy Resources Company, LLC, AmerenEnergy Resources Generating Company; Notice of Filing March 18, 2010. Take notice that on March 15, 2010, Ameren Corporation...

  12. Understanding Discrimination in Hiring Apprentices: How Training Companies Use Ethnicity to Avoid Organisational Trouble

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imdorf, Christian

    2017-01-01

    Children of immigrants from non-EU countries face particular problems to access apprenticeship training in German-speaking countries. In this context this article asks how recruiters in small and medium sized companies (SME) make sense of national and ethnic origin when hiring new apprentices. The author proposes Boltanski and Thévenot's theory of…

  13. Use of sales and operations planning in small and medium-sized enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał Adamczak

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Increasing competitiveness in the market, customer expectations related to the shortening of the deadlines and the reduction of prices of products and services force companies to improve the efficiency of internal processes. The integration of planning process is one of possible ways to achieve this aim. The integration of planning processes by the use of SOP model (Sales and Operations Planning is a method to implement this idea. The study allowed to identify ways to implement the process of sales and operations planning in small and medium-sized enterprises. Material and methods: The study was conducted in companies from different industries. The research method was in-depth interviews conducted with managers of companies or persons occupying management positions in the organizational process of implementing sales and operations planning. Results: During the survey, 10 companies were asked about the use of sales and operations planning, its elements and organizational aspects of its development, by the company. Conclusions: The use of sales and operations plan is closely dependent on the size of the company and its localization in the supply chain. Small enterprises are not interested in the integration of the planning process due to the small scale of operations and the centralization of decision-making process. Medium-sized enterprises, due to the increased complexity of the processes of planning, see the benefits of their integration in the SOP model.

  14. RISK IDENTIFICATION TOOLS – POLISH MSMES COMPANIES PRACTICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwona Gorzeń-Mitka

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to present risk identification tools in Polish micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs. Risk identification is a key element of the risk management process in companies. Correctly fitting risk identification tools affect the accuracy of management decisions. The result of research is to identify the leading risk identification tools used by MSMEs. The study was conducted in 2010-2012 using a mixed survey-monographic method and questionnaires. The qualitative data were obtained during the study.

  15. The end of regulated sales tariff of electricity for companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-09-01

    Within the frame of electricity market opening, regulated sales tariffs of electricity for companies are to be suppressed in January 2016. This note first indicates the three main types of clients who are concerned by these tariffs, indicates the objective of the suppression of the so-called green and yellow tariffs. It gives an overview of the presently existing offers in France, and notices the very slow transition of clients towards new offers. It describes what medium and high consuming sites must do to change their contract

  16. ANALYSIS OF ROMANIAN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES BANKRUPTCY RISK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulcsar Edina

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Considering the fundamental role of small and medium enterprises in Romanian economy, this paper aims to quantify the level of their bankruptcy risk for 2009 and 2012 period, after debuting of financial crisis. The main reason of selecting this type of companies is that they represent the backbone of national economy. They have an indispensable role, because they offer jobs for great part of population and their contribution for GDP stimulation is considerable. In this paper it was applied two default risk models, namely the well known Altman’s Z-score model, based on five financial ratios and a bankruptcy predictor model developed by Teti et. al (2012 used firstly exclusively for Italian small and medium-sized enterprise for 2006-2009 period. The model proposed by Teti et. is based on the investigation of financially distressed and financially non-distressed Italian small and medium-sized enterprises during the financial crisis by using a discriminant analysis model. They conclude that there are four financial ratios, which characterized well the small and medium-sized enterprises bankruptcy risk. These variables are financial ratios, like: Debt/Total Assets, Return on Sales (ROS, EBIT/Interest Expenses and Working capital/EBIDTA. They consider that small and medium-sized enterprises require a particular approach in terms of bankruptcy risk analysis. In present study I try to compare the efficiency of traditional bankruptcy risk model with a small and medium-sized specific model. The necessary database for present analysis is ensured by simplified financial reports of 120 small and medium-sized enterprises registered in Bihor County. The selected enterprises are operating in manufacturing industry (21,67% and trading (78,33%. Present investigation has an important value in actual economic background, where the healthiness and sustainability of small and medium-sized enterprises is a great issue. The results of study shows contradictory

  17. Industrial Physics Careers: A Large Company Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zollner, Stefan

    2009-03-01

    Statistical data from the American Institute of Physics and the National Science Foundation show that only about a third of physics graduates get permanent jobs in academia. A few work in government labs and hospitals. The majority of physics Ph.D.s, however, find employment in the private sector (industry). This trend has been increasing, i.e., recent Ph.D.s are even more likely to start careers in industry. Industrial physicists work in small, medium or large companies in a broad range of fields, including aerospace, semiconductors, automotive, energy, information technology, contract research, medical, chemical, optics, etc. They are also represented in fields outside of physics, such as finance. Even the ``inventor'' of the Powerball lottery game is a Ph.D. physicist. In my talk, I will describe pathways to success for an industrial physicist, from the perspective of employment in three different large corporations. Based on the NIST Baldridge criteria of Performance Excellence, I will discuss how to achieve and measure organizational success through focus on products and customers. Individual performance is linked to the goals of the organization. Performance has two components: Goals and behaviors. Both are key to success as an individual contributor or manager.[4pt] References: [0pt] http://www.aip.org/statistics/trends/emptrends.html [0pt] http://www.aps.org/about/governance/committees/commemb/index.cfm [0pt] http://www.quality.nist.gov/

  18. CSR performance of global forest products companies and IT companies

    OpenAIRE

    Xiong, Ying

    2009-01-01

    As the global economy grows rapidly, certain environmental and societal problems have become challenges. This pushes more and more global companies to integrate those concerns in their business operations, in the form of corporate social responsibility (CSR). This thesis analyzes leading global companies’ CSR performance by using forest and IT industry as comparable cases, in order to point out the strength and weakness of CSR practice, and to indicate the proposal for CSR development. The st...

  19. COMPARATIVE STUDY: LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY VERSUS UNLIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Cristea

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Our goal is to differentiate between the legal regime of the limited partnership and that of the unlimited company, by drawing a comparison between civil and special settlement in terms of the following criteria: definition, contributions, capital divisions, the Articles of Association, registration, management control, withdrawal/exclusion of a partner, dissolution/ liquidation. The opinions expressed in the chapter devoted to conclusions are relevant to Romanian and French Law as well.

  20. SUPPLY –CHAIN AND LOGIC MODELS FOR THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VISILEANU Emilia

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The textile and clothing industry is characterized by specific supply-chain models with companies situated in a complex cluster type structure. Depending on the size, the volume and the variety of production, companies can be classified as follows: large companies, griffes, medium size companies and subcontracting companies. The logic of companies is defined by the main feature of the textile and clothing field, namely the logic of collections, determined by the seasonality and classified into several types: planning, fast-fashion, fast fashion/ planning. The market share defined by stylistic content, product quality and price determine their typology: mass-market, bridge, diffusion, prêt-a-porter/haute-couture. The study conducted on a number of companies in the textile-clothing industry revealed the following: high share of SMEs (75%, dominant role of garments in the production (74.5%, fast-fashion logic of imitating companies is predominant (94% and mass-market type products have the highest market share (71%. Success in national and international challenges that must be faced by the textile - clothing sector: complete liberalization of world trade, the implementation of quality standards, the adoption of the EU Customs Code and relocation can be provided only by changing the supply -chain models and business strategies with a focus on short series products with high customization and fictionalization, new models of e-commerce services, e-business, etc

  1. Cooperation with assets management companies as the investment activity of insurance companies

    OpenAIRE

    Sinitsyna, T.

    2008-01-01

    The article explores the peculiarities of investment activity of local insurance companies there is analyze of one of the option using the investment opportunities of insurance companies in the way of cooperation with assets management companies.

  2. Company Portfolios Answer the Question: What Do You Know about My Company?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Michelle L.

    2001-01-01

    Job seekers can demonstrate their knowledge of a potential employer by developing a company portfolio. Elements include company history, mission, values, and goals; size and location(s); financial status; and recent changes in the company and industry. (SK)

  3. Royal Dutch Petroleum Company annual report 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    The Royal Dutch Petroleum Company has no operations of its own and virtually the whole of its income derives from its 60% interest in the companies known collectively as the Royal Dutch/Shell Group of Companies; the other 40% is owned by the Shell Transport and Trading Company, p.l.c. The company is engaged in the oil, natural gas, chemicals, coal and metals businesses throughout the world. The annual report summarises the year's results and analyses earnings in each industry segment. Financial statements for the year ended 31 December 1992 are presented. The Group companies' estimated net quantities of crude oil, natural gas and coal are given

  4. Medium modifications with recoil polarization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brand, J.F.J. van den [Nationaal Instituut voor Kernfysica en Hoge Energiefysica, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Ent, R. [CEBAF, Newport News, VA (United States)

    1994-04-01

    The authors show that the virtual Compton scattering process allows for a precise study of the off-shell electron-nucleon vertex. In a separable model, they show the sensitivity to new unconstrained structure functions of the nucleon, beyond the usual Dirac and Pauli form factors. In addition, they show the sensitivity to bound nucleon form factors using the reaction 4He({rvec e},e{prime},{rvec p}){sup 3}H. A nucleon embedded in a nucleus represents a complex system. Firstly, the bound nucleon is necessarily off-shell and in principle a complete understanding of the dynamical structure of the nucleon is required in order to calculate its off-shell electromagnetic interaction. Secondly, one faces the possibility of genuine medium effects, such as for example quark-exchange contributions. Furthermore, the electromagnetic coupling to the bound nucleon is dependent on the nuclear dynamics through the self-energy of the nucleon in the nuclear medium.

  5. Medium modifications with recoil polarization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brand, J.F.J. van den; Ent, R.

    1994-01-01

    The authors show that the virtual Compton scattering process allows for a precise study of the off-shell electron-nucleon vertex. In a separable model, they show the sensitivity to new unconstrained structure functions of the nucleon, beyond the usual Dirac and Pauli form factors. In addition, they show the sensitivity to bound nucleon form factors using the reaction 4He(rvec e,e',rvec p) 3 H. A nucleon embedded in a nucleus represents a complex system. Firstly, the bound nucleon is necessarily off-shell and in principle a complete understanding of the dynamical structure of the nucleon is required in order to calculate its off-shell electromagnetic interaction. Secondly, one faces the possibility of genuine medium effects, such as for example quark-exchange contributions. Furthermore, the electromagnetic coupling to the bound nucleon is dependent on the nuclear dynamics through the self-energy of the nucleon in the nuclear medium

  6. Importancia del aprendizaje organizacional como mecanismo que favorece la consecución de los objetivos organizacionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Ramírez, Mónica

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presuroso mundo globalizado de hoy, las empresas deben dar cumplimiento a exigentes normas de competitividad. Asimismo, la productividad se encuentra asociada a la adaptación e innovación que posibilite la sostenibilidad y el crecimiento dentro de un sector específico . Por eso el desarrollo organizacional ocupa un lugar clave dentro del ejercicio empresarial, pues los conocimientos y habilidades con los que cuente la empresa para enfrentar los retos del entorno constituyen la única estrategia de éxito. Este artículo tiene por objetivo destacar la importancia del aprendizaje organizacional como mecanismo que favorece la consecución de los objetivos organizacionales, desde una revisión teórica; cuando se ha entendido y cultivado este concepto puede surgir el pensamiento sistémico, quinta disciplina de Peter Senge. El fortalecimiento del talento humano en la organización es fundamental porque impacta en los resultados finales.

  7. Identificación de especies de anopheles de importancia médica en el departamento de Sucre, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladis Pérez Rodríguez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia los mosquitos Anopheles, subgénero Nyssorhynchus tiene una gran importancia en medicina tropical ya que este subgénero contiene la mayoría de las especies vectoras de la malaria encontradas en el país. El departamento de Sucre, localizado al norte de Colombia, presenta condiciones bioclimáticas que favorecen el desarrollo de insectos pertenecientes al subgénero Nyssorhynchus; sin embargo, el conocimiento sobre este es escaso. Con el objetivo de verificar la presencia de especies del subgénero en dos subregiones del departamento de Sucre (La Sabana y Golfo de Morrosquillo, se realizó un inventario de mosquitos Anopheles, utilizando para su captura cebo humano. Para la identificación de las especies se utilizaron claves taxonómicas. Se coleccionaron un total de 221 especimenes pertenecientes a cinco especies del subgénero Nyssorhynchus: A. albimanus, A. triannulatus, A. marajoara, A. pseudopunctipennis y A. nunestovari de las cuales dos son consideradas como vectores principales de la malaria (A. albimanus y A. nunestovari y una como vector secundario (A. pseudopunctipennis. (Duazary 2006; 2:104-109

  8. LA IMPORTANCIA DE LA INNOVACIÓN EN EL PRODUCTO PARA GENERAR POSICIONAMIENTO EN LOS JÓVENES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WILSON GIRALDO PÉREZ

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo de investigación financiado por la Universidad de los Llanos presenta, de forma jerarquizada los factores de innovación que los consumidores aceptan como válidos para mejorar los procesos de posicionamiento y compra de productos que se ofrecen en el mercado. En este caso, los consumidores son jóvenes, hombres y mujeres, con edades que oscilan entre 16 y 24 años, residentes en Villavicencio (Colombia quienes participaron del estudio cuantitativo. Así se planteó como hipótesis que existe una relación positiva entre las características demográficas del consumidor (edad y nivel socioeconómico y la innovación del producto; los resultados evidencian que este grupo etario, mayoritariamente, se muestra sensible al análisis económico, puesto que gran parte de ellos dependen financieramente de un adulto y eso limita sus posibilidades de compra y consumo. En orden de importancia jerárquica, para los encuestados, la mayor calificación la obtuvieron los factores de: valor de uso y calidad percibida del producto y la menor calificación corresponde al precio de estos, finalmente no se evidencia la existencia de correlación alguna asociada a los elementos demográficos de los jóvenes de la ciudad y los factores de innovación.

  9. Probing the local interstellar medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suess, S.T.; Dessler, A.J.

    1985-01-01

    The paper concerns the location of the heliospheric shock, in view of the discrepancy between the theoretical and experimental values. To determine whether the discrepancy may be attributed to parameters used to describe the local interstellar medium [LISM], the authors applied a sophisticated model of solar-wind expansion to deduce a range of parameters for the LISM. Both the interstellar magnetic field and the pressure due to galactic cosmic rays are considered. (U.K.)

  10. ATLAS honours two Swiss companies

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    On 18 June 2003, ATLAS presented awards to two Swiss companies, Cicorel SA and Isola Composites AG, the suppliers of the electrodes and the composite bars for the electromagnetic calorimeter. "Physicists' dreams could not become reality without industry's active participation and creativity", said Peter Jenni, ATLAS spokesman, congratulating two of the collaboration's suppliers, to which it presented awards on 18 June. Swiss quality was the order of the day, since the two companies, Cicorel SA and Isola Composites AG, which are both involved in the production of components for the electromagnetic calorimeter, are located in Switzerland's Jura region. "You have taken up and met a challenge that bordered on the impossible", added Peter Jenni. The suppliers who received the ATLAS award: Hans Wyss from Cicorel SA (left) and Constant Gentile from Isola Composites (right).Circorel SA produced enough electrodes to cover an entire football pitch. Each electrode, measuring 2 square metres, consists of three layers of...

  11. Best Practices in Brazilian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catia dos Reis Machado

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Competitive intelligence (CI is a systematic and ethical collection, analysis, dissemination and management of information about the external environment that may affect the plans, decisions and operations of the organization. Knowledge management (KM can be seen as a tool to promote organizational knowledge through the use of activities designed to identify, create, store, share and use knowledge. Companies face a challenge in the era of knowledge, it is the extraction and management of knowledge produced by people in the organization. CI and KM combined generates organizational intelligence. The exploratory study, based on literature and multicase study, we sought to identify best practices in processes of CI and KM in Brazilian companies. We identified practices related to the CI design process, the stages of the CI, the use of networks, and knowledge management. We also identified, points of attention on the internal/external organizational environment.

  12. Happy oil companies; Heureux petroliers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maincent, G

    2009-08-27

    The decay of demand, the bad financial results of the first half of 2009 and the hypothetical depletion of reserves must not hide a reality: oil companies are passing through the economic crisis without much trouble. Even if profits have marked time in volume (-57% for BP, -65% for Shell..), the net margins have not significantly suffered and the available cash remains comfortable (14 billion euros for Total as an example). The perspectives offered by the new offshore sites (like Santos in Brazil) added to the fabulous promises of the Iraqi market where 'majors' can now make their come-back will be the key of success of oil companies. The overall exploration-production investments should start up again by the beginning of 2011. For the only offshore drilling domain, they should rise up by 32% during the 2009-2013 period which represents a sum of 367 billion dollars. (J.S.)

  13. Safety in a Manufacturing Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kopczewski Marian

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The safety systems include the functioning of the institutions of a state, central, and local government, businesses, and social organizations. Research in this discipline should contribute to the development of the theoretical foundations and systems of national and international security and operating systems in the area of technical safety. Technical safety engineering should deal with a design, build, operation, and decommissioning of technical measures in order to minimize the opportunities and the size of their negative impact on the environment, people, and the good of civilization. With this in mind, the main purpose of the research was to evaluate the safety of technical manufacturing company that uses a wide machine park. A plant manufacturing parts and components for automobiles was the audited company.

  14. Earnings Management in Polish Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Brzeszczyński, Janusz; Gajdka, Jerzy; Schabek, Tomasz

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents results of the investigation of a phenomenon known as "earnings management'' (EM) among the companies listed on the Polish stock market. The distribution of earnings per share (EPS) for the stocks around the threshold value of "zero" and the threshold of "recent performance" was analyzed in the period of years 1997-2010. Moreover, the changes of earnings for the stocks, which are suspected to manipulate their earnings, were also investigated. The results, which indicate as...

  15. Risk management in construction company

    OpenAIRE

    Nučič, Jernej

    2011-01-01

    In master's thesis I discuss the field of risk management process in construction projects from the viewpoint of a building contractor. I present risk overview, previous research in this area and a new approach to risk analysis in construction by project components. The proposed methodology for risk management in a construction company, described in this thesis is based on the proposed checklist. Proposed checklist includes all identified risks in terms of building contractor and ...

  16. Business Plan : Cultural consultant company

    OpenAIRE

    Absiye, Mohamed

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to study the circumstances of immigrants in Finland with the intention of establishing a consultant company that would help the immigrants in their integration process in Finland. The primary data of this study were obtained from the results of the “survey on work and well-being among people of foreign origin” conducted between 2015 until 2016 by Statistic Finland. Additionally, the author did background research on the institutions of Finland and respect...

  17. International Financial Reporting standard for Small and Medium-sized entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z Koppeschaar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The International Financial Reporting Standard for Small and Medium-sized entities (IFRS for SMEs was published as a standard by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB during July 2009. During 2007 South Africa became one of the first countries and the first country in Africa to early accept the proposed accounting standard (exposure draft of an IFRS for SMEs. The accounting standard will probably also be accepted by numerous other countries. The aim of this article is to investigate the applicability of this accounting standard. The results indicated that the IFRS for SMEs remains too comprehensive for the majority of small companies. The IFRS for SMEs does not satisfy the needs of South African users of small company financial statements, and as a result the accounting requirements should be simplified. KEYWORDS: Financial accounting; Financial reporting requirements; IFRS for SMEs; Small companies; Users of financial statements; Small company financial statements.

  18. Strategic management in micro, small and medium-sized businesses in relation to financial success of the enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Švárová

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium sized enterprises play an essential role in the economy of the Czech Republic as a report of development of small and medium-sized enterprises and its support from 2010 announces. They are the source of development of towns, regions and the state itself. Small and medium-sized enterprises represent 99.84 % of the whole business subjects. Statistic data underline this position- they indicate that small and medium-sized enterprises employ 2/3 employees. Therefore, occupying small and medium-sized enterprises are to be taken as priority.Strategic management on the level of small and medium-sized enterprises is, as number of authors write, diverse. Small enterprises including micro have less access to capital, they have no money for employing specialists in the field, and they solve administration primarily. The aim of this follow-up GAJU project contribution concerned on process analysis of small and medium-sized enterprises is to summarize the gained results from the view of comparison of the level of strategic management in small and medium-sized enterprises.Nowadays, numbers of enterprises are thinking about whether they are able to remain in the market as an established company, they explore the possibility of improving its position. There is a question for small and medium-sized enterprises management- can strategic management be used as an instrument for increasing competitiveness? The results show that SMEs with a clearly defined strategy show better results of financial health (IN99 and ROA than companies without a defined strategy. In terms of business focus, we were able to demonstrate positive relationship between strategy and finance only for companies in the construction industry, on the significance level of 0.05. Compared to manufacturers and service-providing companies where this relation is not statistically significant.

  19. Medium Theory and Social Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tække, Jesper

    The  paper  first  gives  a  tentative  theoretical  explanation  of  the  concept  of media,  based  on  the  dichotomies  of  actual/potential  (meaning),  form/medium  (appearance),  and  substratum/material  content  (extension  in  time  and  space).  This  theoretical  explanation  presents......  seen as medium  for  formation. Finally  the  paper  takes  the micro  level  perspective  by  applying  the  theory  to  newsgroups,  interpreting  them as self-organizing interactive systems giving a differentiated and diversified scope for social  inclusion.  ......The  paper  first  gives  a  tentative  theoretical  explanation  of  the  concept  of media,  based  on  the  dichotomies  of  actual/potential  (meaning),  form/medium  (appearance),  and  substratum/material  content  (extension  in  time  and  space).  This  theoretical  explanation  presents......  the  possibility  for  observation both of a social micro and a social macro level from a medium perspective. In the next  section  the paper  frames  the macro  level by  a  tentative  synthesis of  the medium  theory  and  the  sociological systems theory briefly describing a socio...

  20. Influence of product innovations on financial performance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Tabas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective of this article is to determine possible effect of product innovations on the financial performance of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Czech Republic. The pilot research has been realized on the statistical sample of 100 companies which were categorized into three basic groups; service companies, trade companies, and production companies. As the measure of innovation effect, the authors applied the deviation of production power, i.e. the ration of EBIT to assets, of a business entity from the industry average while the industry average of production power was selected especially in order to reduce the influence of the economy cycles. In the three categories of companies, different effects of product innovations have been observed. In the service companies and trade companies, the positive effect is limited because of potential simplicity of imitation by competitors. More positive effect of product innovations has been observed in production companies which can protect the products or production processes better then service companies or trade companies where the product innovations are mostly connected with extension of extension of services portfolio offered. For the conclusion, the authors provide suppositions and designs for their future research in this problem of innovations’ effectiveness measurement.

  1. Financial performances of Romanian wood industry companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitim DEARI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyze financial performances of 40 selected Romanian companies for the 2009-2013 period. The selected companies operate in the wood industry and we have used panel type data to perform a quantitative analysis. We have found that companies with higher total assets, current assets, average inventory and accounts receivables have higher sales. It seems larger companies with higher total and current assets (especially accounts receivable are more profitable than their counterparties. Similarly, larger companies with lower current assets, average inventory and accounts receivable have lower assets turnover. Companies with lower average inventory have higher ROA and assets turnover. Larger companies have more total and current assets, net profit, average inventory and accounts receivable than their counterparties, however they seem to display lower assets turnover and current to total assets ratio. Companies with higher current to total assets ratio have higher assets turnover and ROA.

  2. Multinational Oil Companies and Corporate Social Responsibilities ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Niger Delta Region, Nigeria), the concept of corporate social responsibility must be fully imbibed by the multinational oil companies. Therefore, this study examines multinational oil companies and corporate social responsibilities with particular ...

  3. Members in Individual Types of Business Company

    OpenAIRE

    Holub, Petr

    2007-01-01

    62 MEMBERS OF INDIVIDUAL TYPES OF BUSINESS COMPANY The thesis concentrates on the following other than proprietary rights and duties of a member of Business Company: loyalty duty, right of the member to participate in governance of the Business Company, duty to follow the ban on competition, due diligence duty. The first chapter is introducing the reader into the topic by explaining the basic concepts with which the legal regulation in the field of status of the member in the company is worki...

  4. INNOVATION MANAGER AND HIS POSITION IN COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KATEŘINA HRAZDILOVÁ BOČKOVÁ

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The presented paper deals with the importance of innovation manager in company. It analyses the actual state of definition of innovation manager in companies, it is dealing with their qualities and qualities of ideal innovation manager. The paper solves the placement of position of innovation manager into the company organization structure. It recommends the ideal placement of innovation manager position in the organization structure in company working in “Production, sale and operation of amusement and gaming technology”.

  5. Innovation manager and his position in company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kateřina Hrazdilová Bočková

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The presented paper deals with the importance of innovation manager in company. It analyses the actual state of definition of innovation manager in companies, it is dealing with their qualities and qualities of ideal innovation manager. The paper solves the placement of position of innovation manager into the company organization structure. It recommends the ideal placement of innovation manager position in the organization structure in company working in “Production, sale and operation of amusement and gaming technology”.

  6. Study of the fermentative activity of Hansenula anomala and production of chemical compounds of sensory importance Estudio de la actividad fermentativa de Hansenula anomala y producción de compuestos químicos de importancia sensorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldir Estela Escalante

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The fermentative behaviour of Hansenula anomala RIVE 7-1-5 was studied in order to evaluate the production of chemical compounds of sensory importance. The results demonstrated that the strain ferments very well monosaccharides and also sucrose and maltose. Its fermentative activity was inhibited at concentrations of 100 mg/L of sodium metabisulphite in the medium. Furthermore, it was able to produce 5,81±0,1% (v/v of ethanol. Agitation of the culture medium increases the production of higher alcohols (679,2 mg/L and ethyl acetate (206,0±8,0 mg/L, but on the contrary affects the production of acetic acid (196,0±7,0mg/L. Glycerol production was similar in static (without agitation and shaken cultivation. During batch cultivation carried out in biorreactor under aerated conditions the growth rate (μ reached value of 0,13 h-1 and, it was also observed production of acetic acid at levels of 4,2±0,3 g/L. The oxygen concentration in the medium affects its metabolism, thus insufficient amounts of oxygen would provoke a respirofermentative metabolism with production of ethanol, higher alcohols, esters and acetic acid. The control of aeration during fermentation is a useful tool to control the balance between the respiratory and fermentative activity and thus; synthesis of compounds of sensory importance in the production of non-traditional fermented beverages.Se ha estudiado la actividad fermentativa de Hansenula anomala RIVE 7-1-5 con el objetivo de evaluar la producción de compuestos químicos de importancia sensorial. Los resultados mostraron que fermenta bien monosacáridos y también sucrosa y maltosa. Su actividad fermentativa es inhibida a concentraciones de 100,0mg/L de metabisulfito de sodio en el medio. Además, es capaz de producir 5,81±0,1 % v/v de etanol. La agitación del medio de cultivo incrementa la producción de alcoholes superiores (679,2 mg/L y etil acetato (206,0±8,0 mg/L, por el contrario disminuye la producción de

  7. Characterisation of social impacts in LCA. Part 2: implementation in six company case studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreyer, Louise Camilla; Hauschild, Michael Zwicky; Schierbeck, Jens

    2010-01-01

    , Restrictions of freedom of association and collective bargaining, and Child labour (Dreyer et al, 2009a). These impact categories are considered by the authors to be among the obligatory impact categories in a Social LCA. The characterisation models combine information about the way a company manages its...... or industrial branch or sector) of the company. The resulting indicator score represents the risk that violations take place of the labour right represented by the impact category. Results The social impact characterisation is performed for each of the six case studies using the methodology earlier developed...... is required. The possibility to apply country- or industry sector-based information is discussed, and while it is found useful to identify low-risk companies and eliminate them from more detailed studies, the ability of the screening methods to discriminate between companies located in medium and high risk...

  8. Comparison with cost control in “Internet +” tourism company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanlan Chen

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of Internet in China, the Online Travel Agent (OTA represented by Ctrip, Qunar, Tuniu and eLong has an increasingly intense competition with the traditional travel agency. In the industries with full competition, small and medium-sized enterprises mainly rely on the operation cost control to enhance profits. In this paper, based on the empirical research on the listed online tourism companies and offline tourism companies in China, it is found that there is no significant correlation between the transaction cost rate and the time and scale of the offline tourism company; there is a negative correlation between the transaction cost rate and the operating revenue and enterprise scale of the Internet tourism company; if the enterprise achieves economies of scale, its cost advantage will be greater than that of the traditional tourism enterprises.

  9. 78 FR 64911 - 2013 Company Organization Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-30

    ...-census years. Smaller companies may be selected if an organizational change within the company is... census will be conducted for the year 2017. The data collected in the Company Organization Survey will be... survey are needed to aid the efficient performance of essential governmental functions, and that these...

  10. 76 FR 62759 - 2011 Company Organization Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ...-census years. Smaller companies may be selected if an organizational change within the company is... economic census will be conducted for the year 2012. The data collected in the Company Organization Survey... survey are needed to aid the efficient performance of essential governmental functions, and that these...

  11. Know your company - and its environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte, Hans; Jørgensen, Betina

    2006-01-01

    How does a company perceive its environment and its role in its environment? What constitutes a company's identity, and how strong is this identity? Does it for instance manifest itself clearly in the company's actions, in its strategies and products? These are questions that Professor Hans Skytte...

  12. Assessment Of Shell Petroleum Development Company Extension ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study assessed Shell Petroleum Development Company Extension Services in Etche Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Data were gathered form four categories of respondents drawn from the Company\\'s staff and the communities. A total of 180 respondents participated in the study. means scores and ...

  13. Vertical integration of HRD policy within companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wognum, Ida

    2001-01-01

    This study concerns HRD policy making in companies. More specifically, it explores whether so-called vertical integration of HRD policy at different organizational levels occurs within companies. The study involved forty-four large companies in the industrial and the financial and commercial

  14. Power companies international year book 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1996-12-01

    The Power Companies International Yearbook covers around 250 major international power generating and distributing companies worldwide, giving a comprehensive overview of this dynamic global industry. Both publicly and privately owned companies are features. It details financial performance, ownership status, affiliated businesses, activities, operations, key personnel, type/capacity of generation, subsidiary activities and plans for diversification within and outside the global power sector. (Author)

  15. CHARACTERIZATION OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMES OF POMERANIAN REGION IN SIX SIGMA METHODOLOGY APPLICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Six Sigma is related to product’s characteristics and parameters of actions, needed to obtain these products. On the other hand, it is a multi-step, cyclic process aimed at the improvements leading to global standard, closed to the perfection. There is a growing interest in Six Sigma methodology among smaller organizations but there are still too little publications presented such events in the sector of small and medium enterprises, especially based on good empirical results. It was already noticed at the phase of the preliminary researches, that only small part of companies from this sector in Pomerian region use elements of this methodology. Methods: The companies were divided into groups by the type of their activities as well as the employment size. The questionnaires were sent to 150 randomly selected organizations in two steps and were addressed to senior managers. The questionnaire contained the questions about basic information about a company, the level of the knowledge and the practical application of Six Sigma methodology, opinions about improvements of processes occurring in the company, opinions about trainings in Six Sigma methodology. Results: The following hypotheses were proposed, statistically verified and received the answer: The lack of the adequate knowledge of Six Sigma methodology in SMEs limits the possibility to effectively monitor and improve processes - accepted. The use of statistical tools of Six Sigma methodology requires the broad action to popularize this knowledge among national SMEs - accepted. The level of the awareness of the importance as well as practical use of Six Sigma methodology in manufacturing SMEs is higher than in SMEs providing services - rejected, the level is equal. The level of the knowledge and the use of Six Sigma methodology in medium manufacturing companies is significantly higher than in small manufacturing companies - accepted. The level of the knowledge and the application

  16. Development of brachytherapy medium doserate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atang Susila; Ari Satmoko; Ahmad Rifai; Kristiyanti

    2010-01-01

    Brachytherapy has proven to be an effective treatment for different types of cancers and it become a common treatment modality in most radiotherapy clinics. PRPN has had experience in development of Low Dose Rate Brachytherapy for cervix cancer treatment. However the treatment process using LDR device needs 5 hours in time that the patient feel uncomfort. Therefore PRPN develops Medium Dose Rate Brachytherapy with radiation activity not more than 5 Currie. The project is divided into two stages. Purchasing of TPS software and TDS design are held in 2010, and the construction will be in 2011. (author)

  17. A Heterogeneous Medium Analytical Benchmark

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ganapol, B.D.

    1999-01-01

    A benchmark, called benchmark BLUE, has been developed for one-group neutral particle (neutron or photon) transport in a one-dimensional sub-critical heterogeneous plane parallel medium with surface illumination. General anisotropic scattering is accommodated through the Green's Function Method (GFM). Numerical Fourier transform inversion is used to generate the required Green's functions which are kernels to coupled integral equations that give the exiting angular fluxes. The interior scalar flux is then obtained through quadrature. A compound iterative procedure for quadrature order and slab surface source convergence provides highly accurate benchmark qualities (4- to 5- places of accuracy) results

  18. Charmed hadrons in nuclear medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tolos, L.; Gamermann, D.; Molina, R.; Nieves, J.; Oset, E.; Garcia-Recio, C.; Ramos, A.

    2010-01-01

    We study the properties of charmed hadrons in dense matter within a coupled-channel approach which accounts for Pauli blocking effects and meson self-energies in a self-consistent manner. We analyze the behaviour in this dense environment of dynamically-generated baryonic resonances as well as the open-charm meson spectral functions. We discuss the implications of the in-medium properties of open-charm mesons on the D s0 (2317) and the predicted X(3700) scalar resonances. (authors)

  19. IMPORTANCIA DE LA INVESTIGACIÓN EN LA FORMACIÓN DE ESTUDIANTES EN LA MODALIDAD A DISTANCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Eriberto Cifuentes Medina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo diserta acerca del papel y la importancia de las asignaturas de “Introducción a la investigación” y “Metodología de la investigación” en la formación de tecnólogos, que se ofrece en la modalidad de estudios a distancia. En conclusión, se hace necesaria una reflexión acerca de las generalidades de investigación, normatividad para la presentación de trabajos e informes, y la elaboración, sustentación de proyectos y artículos de investigación como principios fundantes de la proyección en esencia y existencia de la investigación. Las asignaturas mencionadas hacen parte del proceso académico-investigativo y parten de lo que se ha observado en la realidad estudiantil, en los procesos académicos y en la experiencia docente; todo ello con el fin de concretar posibilidades de cambio, acción y trasformación de su labor como regentes en farmacia y administradores del sistema de la salud, teniendo en cuenta las condiciones de la “Educación a distancia” en la que los estudiantes se forman de la mano del aprendizaje autónomo, pero también a la necesidad de acudir a la investigación desde la realidad y contexto que los rodea con bases teóricas consistentes y en aras de ejercer su profesión de una manera eficiente.

  20. Importancia, contribución y estabilidad de antioxidantes en frutos y productos de tomate (Solanum lycopersicum L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. Luna-Guevara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Los antioxidantes (AA son compuestos capaces de inhibir o retardar la oxidación, mediante la “captación” de radicales libres; también estabilizan hidroperóxidos o inactivan el oxígeno singulete. Los frutos de tomate han sido considerados una fuente importante de AA “nutricionales” (vitaminas A, C y E y AA “fitoquímicos no nutritivos” (licopeno, flavonoides, flavonas y compuestos fenólicos totales, cuyo consumo está relacionado con su potencial antimutagénico y propiedades anticancerígenas. Las condiciones ambientales durante el cultivo como: intensidad de luz, pH del suelo, frecuencia de riego, tipo de fertilización, pueden afectar la composición química del fruto. Asimismo, durante la maduración del tomate, se inducen varios cambios metabólicos relacionados con la biosíntesis de compuestos, incluyendo el licopeno y otros carotenoides. También se ha demostrado que ciertas operaciones de manejo post cosecha y procesamiento del tomate (cortado, empacado y almacenado pueden alterar la concentración de micronutrientes (vitaminas y minerales y de compuestos AA. De acuerdo con los antecedentes mencionados, en la presente revisión se abordará la importancia de conocer los factores pre y post cosecha que afectan el contenido de AA en el tomate; asimismo, se destacará la estabilidad de los compuestos fitoquímicos contenidos en frutos sometidos a diferentes condiciones de procesamiento. Esta información resulta útil para la industria de los alimentos, además de fomentar el consumo de compuestos funcionales.

  1. La importancia de la visualización en el aprendizaje de conceptos matemáticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella Nora Gatica

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos tiempos, el estudio de la visualización en el pensamiento matemático es objeto de numerosas investigaciones, en parte, posiblemente, debido al surgimiento de la computadora como un recurso didáctico para la comprensión de conceptos matemáticos. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre la importancia de poder relacionar e interpretar imágenes visuales (utilizando manipulables virtuales con la información que está dada en forma simbólica. Presentamos una propuesta didáctica para la comprensión del concepto de exactitud del método de Simpson utilizándose la interfase gráfica de MATLAB, GUI (graphical user interface, la cual fue puesta en práctica con alumnos de la asignatura Cálculo Numérico de la carrera Ingeniería Electrónica. El uso reflexivo y creativo de las nuevas tecnologías permiten dar un significado concreto a las nociones matemáticas. Por esta razón es necesario el diseño de nuevos materiales utilizando esta nueva metodología, donde muestren su uso efectivo en el aula. Del análisis realizado en la evaluación escrita y en el examen parcial de la asignatura, observamos que esta nueva metodología permite afianzar la comprensión y fijar el concepto con mayor facilidad a los que se someten a la enseñanza predominantemente algorítmica.

  2. Importancia de la semiología del dolor en el diagnóstico de un proceso inflamatorio pulpar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés 0 Pérez Ruiz

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El dolor es un síntoma de extraordinaria importancia en la práctica estomatológica y particularmente en lo concerniente a las alteraciones de la pulpa dentaria. Con el objetivo de profundizar en el conocimiento de las fases por las que atraviesa un proceso inflamatorio pulpar, que permiten predecir sus manifestaciones dolorosas, se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre el tema con un enfoque multidisciplinario y básico-clínico. Se utilizó el método documental para el análisis y tratamiento de la información ofrecida por las fuentes teóricas. El sitio en Internet Google fue empleado como fundamental motor de búsqueda y Lilacs, Hinari, Medline y PubMed fueron las bases de datos más revisadas. La clasificación del estado de inflamación pulpar, que atiende a eventos histopatológicos que no se pueden visualizar, resulta más difícil. Se podría lograr mayor precisión en un diagnóstico basado en el curso que sigue el dolor, de acuerdo a la magnitud del compromiso inflamatorio y apoyado en la rica semiología que se puede obtener si se sigue la trayectoria de las variables del estímulo nociceptivo. El incremento y profundización de los conocimientos en este campo contribuiyó significativamente a un mejor diagnóstico y tratamiento de los procesos inflamatorios pulpares.

  3. Characteristics of small medium contractor entrepreneurs: a study of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setiawan Harijanto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The success of entrepreneurship as an important driving force for business success cannot be separated from the role of entrepreneurs. Therefore study about entrepreneurs in contractor business in Indonesia is considered important to be carried out. This study is aimed at identifying the characteristics of contractor entrepreneurs who owned small medium contractors in Indonesia. The study is conducted based on eight characteristics of entrepreneurs that have been identified from the literatures: risk taking, innovativeness, need for achievement, internal locus of control, self-confident, tolerance of ambiguity, need for autonomy and proactiveness. The study adopts qualitative research approach in which the data are collected from interviews with the owner of small medium contractors in Indonesia. Then the data are categorized by a coding process using NVivo 10 software and analysed using thematic analysis with inductive approach. The study found several specific characteristics of Indonesian small medium contractor entrepreneurs that are related to the eight characteristics of entrepreneurs but under the circumtances of contractor business. After all characteristics were examined further, they are mainly linked to projects, clients and business. This finding is in accordance with the nature of contractors as project based companies.

  4. Training in nuclear engineering companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perezagua, R. L.

    2013-01-01

    The importance of training is growing in all business areas and fields and especially in hi-tech companies like engineering firms. Nuclear projects are highly multidisciplinary and, even in the initial awarding and pre-construction phases, need to be staffed with personnel that is well-prepared and highly-qualified in areas that, in most cases, are not covered by university studies. This article examines the variables that influence the design of specific training for nuclear projects in engineering firms, along with new training technologies (e-learning) and new regulatory aspects (IS-12). (Author)

  5. Should my company use Bitcoin?

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, Rui

    2014-01-01

    This work project analyses the possibility for a company to trade their goods and services for bitcoins, by joining the Bitcoin network. It analyses the technological and business requirements to join the Bitcoin Network by looking at Bitcoin’s potential to act as a mean of exchange for trade, unit of account and store of value. The analysis points to the motives, benefits and risks for investors to use the Bitcoin as a traditional currency and recommends on strategies for addressing those ri...

  6. Talent management in the company

    OpenAIRE

    Hrdinová, Šárka

    2013-01-01

    This Master's Thesis deals with the issue of talent management at Tesco Stores ČR a.s. The main goal was to create an action plan for cooperation with talent's at Tesco Stores ČR a.s. leading to an increase in employee engagement. Through a detailed study of specialized literature, talent management and its processes, employee development, succession planning, career management and performance management were defined. An analysis of the current system of talent management in the company was c...

  7. Analytical support management shipping company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Tarasenko

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article to determine areas of improvement of the economic analysis of the shipping companies tested, allowing to identify the problems of organization and methods, which are as follows: lack of regulation of economic analysis, unregulated and methods of economic analysis, using methods such as coefficient method, absolute differences method relative differences groupings balance method, while as factor analysis and correlation are ignored. Proved that today the priority targets of management that should be subject to economic analysis are: analysis of the efficiency of the fleet; analysis of the efficiency of transport services; analysis of the cost of transport services and costs; analysis of the efficiency of resource use.

  8. 77 FR 75263 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Termination; ULLICO Casualty Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Termination; ULLICO Casualty Company AGENCY... Company (NAIC 37893) under 31 U.S.C. 9305 to qualify as an acceptable surety on Federal bonds is... bonds, including continuous bonds, currently in force with above listed Company, bond-approving officers...

  9. Regulating Listed Companies: Between Company Law and Financial Market Law in Danish Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Nis Jul

    2011-01-01

    The article discusses different elements and aspects of the regulation of listed companies in particular whether such regulation should be placed in company law or in financial marked law.......The article discusses different elements and aspects of the regulation of listed companies in particular whether such regulation should be placed in company law or in financial marked law....

  10. 17 CFR 256.01-2 - Application to service companies doing business with nonassociate companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... services or construction for associate companies at cost, it contemplates situations in which the service... deemed beneficial to the associate companies may be charged to associate companies subject to.... In computing charges to associate companies for any fiscal year, any net credit in this account must...

  11. 78 FR 62616 - Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, LLC; Notice of Transfer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... Hydroelectric Company, Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, LLC; Notice of Transfer of Exemption 1. By letter filed September 23, 2013, Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company informed the Commission that they have changed its name to Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, LLC for the Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Project...

  12. 77 FR 25349 - Mutual Insurance Holding Company Treated as Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... same manner as an insurance company. The Final Rule harmonizes the treatment of mutual insurance holding companies under Section 203(e) of the Dodd- Frank Act with the treatment of such companies under... companies have no equity interests. Membership rights are held by their policyholders. Policyholders are...

  13. 77 FR 14058 - BNSF Railway Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Trackage Rights Exemption--Union Pacific Railroad Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement, Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) has agreed to grant trackage rights to BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) over a portion of a line of railroad known as the...

  14. 77 FR 67442 - Soo Line Railroad Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-09

    ... Surface Transportation Board Soo Line Railroad Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-- BNSF Railway Company BNSF Railway Company (BNSF), pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement (Agreement), has agreed to grant temporary overhead trackage rights to Soo Line Railroad Company d/b/a Canadian Pacific...

  15. 78 FR 63564 - BNSF Railway Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ... Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Trackage Rights Exemption--Union Pacific Railroad Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement, Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) has agreed to grant overhead trackage rights to BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) over the following UP rail lines: (1) From...

  16. 77 FR 60742 - BNSF Railway Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption--Union Pacific Railroad Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement dated August 10, 2012, Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) has agreed to grant restricted temporary trackage rights to BNSF Railway Company...

  17. Saliva as a diagnostic medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pink, Richard; Simek, Jiri; Vondrakova, Jana; Faber, Edgar; Michl, Petr; Pazdera, Jindrich; Indrak, Karel

    2009-06-01

    This is a review of current knowledge on the use of saliva, gingival cervical fluid and mucosal transudate in the detection of some oral and systemic diseases as well as drugs. Oral fluid is a diagnostic medium that can be easily collected and with minimal invasion but it has been neglected in the past. Today, saliva is being used more often to diagnose: HIV virus, oro-facial and systemic tumors, cardiovascular disease and in detecting addictive substances. Neutropil levels in saliva may also indicate successful bone marrow transplant. Oral fluid is now systematically being researched and oral fluid analysis is being compared with the analysis of other diagnostic media such as blood and urine. A number of recent studies have focused on oncogenic marker detection and its monitoring in saliva. The latest clinical and laboratory findings on diagnostic markers of oropharyngeal carcinoma in oral fluid could be the beginning of their wider use as a diagnostic medium. Oral fluid can also be also used to diagnose other malignancies such as breast cancer which was one of the first malignant tumors to be detected using genetic protein biomarkers. Raised levels of CA15-3 and the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor have been found in patients with breast cancer and elevated levels of CA 125 and the glycoprotein complex in the saliva of ovarian cancer patients. Doubtless, the diagnostic value of saliva, aided by current technological development will increase rapidly in the near future.

  18. Unsaturated medium hydrocarbons pollution evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Di Luise, G.

    1991-01-01

    When the so called porous unsaturated medium, that's the vertical subsoil section between both the ground and water-table level, is interested by a hydrocarbons spill, the problem to evaluate the pollution becomes difficult: considering, essentially, the natural coexistence in it of two fluids, air and water, and the interactions between them. This paper reports that the problems tend to increase when a third fluid, the pollutant, immiscible with water, is introduced into the medium: a three-phases flow, which presents several analogies with the flow conditions present in an oil-reservoir, will be established. In such a situation, it would be very useful to handle the matter by the commonly used parameters in the oil reservoirs studies such as: residual saturation, relative permeability, phases mobility, to derive a first semiquantitative estimation of the pollution. The subsoil pollution form hydrocarbons agents is one of the worldwide more diffused causes of contamination: such events are generally referable to two main effects: accidental (oil pipeline breakdowns, e.g.), and continuous (underground tanks breaks, industrial plants leakages, e.g.)

  19. COMPANIES GROUPINGIN ALGERIAN AND COMPARATIVE LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H’oriya SOUIKI

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A business cluster is the merging of two businesses or more, under the authority of one company called the parent company; the companies under its control are called the affiliates. What raises the debate about business clustering is the contradiction that may appear, at first glance, in the modus operandi of this business cluster and the relationship existing between its structures, knowing that the affiliated company has a legal independent status, but is at the same time subordinate to the parent company and subject to its control. The absence of an independent and detailed legal text to organize the mysteries of this giant economic structure makes this debate more intense.

  20. Narrative Accounting Practices in Indonesia Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inten Meutia

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to reveal creative accounting practices in the form of narrative accounting occuring in companies in Indonesia. Using content analysis, this research analyzed the management discussion and analysis section in the annual report on the group of companies whose performance had increased and declined in several companies listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange. This research finds that the narrative accounting practices are applied in these companies. The four methods of accounting narratives are found in both groups of companies. There are stressing the positive and downplaying the negative, baffling the readers, differential reporting, and attribution.

  1. NEW RSW & Wall Medium Fully Tetrahedral Grid

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — New Medium Fully Tetrahedral RSW Grid with viscous wind tunnel wall at the root. This grid is for a node-based unstructured solver. Medium Tet: Quad Surface Faces= 0...

  2. 17 CFR 250.12 - Exemption of certain public utility companies from the definition of subsidiary companies of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... utility companies from the definition of subsidiary companies of holding companies. 250.12 Section 250.12... REGULATIONS, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Registration and General Exemptions § 250.12 Exemption of certain public utility companies from the definition of subsidiary companies of holding companies...

  3. Finland's leading natural gas company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2000-01-01

    The ownership structure of Finland's leading natural gas company, Gasum, changed fundamentally in 1999, and the company is now no longer a subsidiary of Fortum Corporation. 'Our new strong and broad ownership base will enable us to develop the natural gas business and pipeline network in Finland in response to the requirements of our Finnish customers', says Antero Jaennes, Gasum's Chairman and CEO, who stresses that Gasum is committed to remaining the leading developer of the Finnish natural gas market and the number-one gas supplier. Natural gas usage in Finland in 1999 totalled 3.9 billion m 3 (38.7 TWh), unchanged from 1998. Natural gas accounted for 11% of Finland's total primary energy need, as it did in 1998. The proportion of natural gas used in district heating rose by 2% to 36%, and moved down 2% in power generation to 10%. Industry's use of natural gas fell 1% to 17%. 75% of natural gas was used in combined heat and power (CHP) generation in industry and district heating. In 2000, Gasum expects to sell 4 billion m 3 of natural gas (40 TWh)

  4. Mapping of moveout in a TTI medium

    KAUST Repository

    Stovas, A.

    2012-01-01

    To compute moveout in a transversely isotropic medium with tilted symmetry axis is a very complicated problem. We propose to split this problem into two parts. First, to compute the moveout in a corresponding VTI medium. Second, to map the computed moveout to a TTI medium.

  5. 27 CFR 19.914 - Medium plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medium plants. 19.914... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS DISTILLED SPIRITS PLANTS Distilled Spirits For Fuel Use Permits § 19.914 Medium plants. Any person wishing to establish a medium plant shall make application for and obtain in...

  6. Optimization of medium composition for apple rootstocks

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2011-05-02

    May 2, 2011 ... work of MS medium was also empirical and was deve- loped to optimise the mineral composition of the medium for growth of tobacco callus. A subsequent development such as Woody Plant Medium (WPM) (Lloyd and. McCown, 1981) was based on this previous process. 6-Benzylaminopurine (BA) and ...

  7. Influence of a company member on the management of a limited company

    OpenAIRE

    Lepka, Jaroslav

    2012-01-01

    Influence of a company member on the management of a limited company Petr Hanka Abstract The thesis deals with the legal relation between the member of a limited company and this company with focus on his influence on company's management. The paper concentrates mainly on particular rights of non-proprietary nature, which are entrusted to the member by the Commercial Code and recently by the Business Corporations Act for a purpose of the perfomance of the member's influence. The thesis takes ...

  8. A Company's Internal Potential to Implement a Strategy to Acquire a Competitive Advantage: Action-Research Within a Mexican CompanyHttp://Dx.Doi.Org/10.5585/Riae.V9i2.1657

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Gabriel Sánchez Trejo

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The small business in Mexico made an important contribution to the economic and social development of the country. Nevertheless, they present constant difficulties to reach a global and durable performance due to its specific characteristics. The generation of an internal development constitutes an alternative to compete with enterprises of the same size and with big companies in an external environment increasingly competitively and unstably. This article presents an intervention-research in a medium company where the socioeconomic theory was applied and developed dynamical strategic capacities having a direct impact in the organizational and social performance of the company.

  9. Approaches to training in companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnoler Patrizia

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The need to address generational change and the challenges of a global market in terms of maintaining productivity require small and medium enterprises, mainly of an artisanal nature, to rethink training. The challenges mainly concern production capacity, which is increasingly problematic given that demand does not allow for long-term schedules and enhancement of human resources. There are many tensions and just as many needs for improvement, and training is therefore the space in which to collect and rework in order to restore a new perspective of sustainable and quality change.

  10. Medium-size nuclear plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vogelweith, L.; Lavergne, J.C.; Martinot, G.; Weiss, A.

    1977-01-01

    CEA (TECHNICATOME) has developed a range of pressurized water reactors of the type ''CAS compact'' which are adapted to civil ship propulsion, or to electric power production, combined possibly with heat production, up to outputs equivalent to 125 MWe. Nuclear plants equipped with these reactors are suitable to medium-size electric networks. Among the possible realizations, two types of plants are mentioned as examples: 1) Floating electron-nuclear plants; and 2) Combined electric power and desalting plants. The report describes the design characteristics of the different parts of a 125 MWe unit floating electro-nuclear plant: nuclear steam system CAS 3 G, power generating plant, floating platform for the whole plant. The report gives attention to the different possibilities according to site conditions (the plant can be kept floating, in a natural or artificial basin, it can be put aground, ...) and to safety and environment factors. Such unit can be used in places where there is a growing demand in electric power and fresh water. The report describes how the reactor, the power generating plant and multiflash distillation units of an electric power-desalting plant can be combined: choice of the ratio water output/electric power output, thermal cycle combination, choice of the gain ratio, according to economic considerations, and to desired goal of water output. The report analyses also some technical options, such as: choice of the extraction point of steam used as heat supply of the desalting station (bleeding a condensation turbine, or recovering steam at the exhaust of a backpressure turbine), design making the system safe. Lastly, economic considerations are dealt with: combining the production of fresh water and electric power provides usually a much better energy balance and a lower cost for both products. Examples are given of some types of installations which combine medium-size reactors with fresh water stations yielding from 10000 to 120000 m 3 per day

  11. [Mortality among able-bodied population in industrial cities in accordance with specific enterprise forming a company city].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tikhonova, G I; Gorchakova, T Iu; Churanova, A N

    2013-01-01

    The article covers comparative analysis of mortality causes and levels among male able-bodied population in small and medium industrial cities of Murmansk region in accordance with specific enterprise forming a company city. Findings are that, if compared to Murmansk having no enterprise forming a company, other industrial cities in the region, situated in the same climate area, demonstrated higher levels of mortality among the male able-bodied population with the death causes associated etiologically to occupational hazards on the enterprises forming a company city.

  12. Corporate social responsibility as a challenge for Czech companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Gurská

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The term „Corporate social responsibility“ is an umbrella term embracing theories and practises relating to how business manages its relationship with society. In the last decades the development of companies responsible behaviour has been influenced by several facts. One of them is the existence of multinational enterprises. They have an elaborated firm strategy, a value system and bring the CSR concept in partial divisions. CSR enterprises also take the advantage of differentiation from the competitors and want to be successful on unified markets. Generally there is an effort to improve unfavourable situation in the environment and the society (global warming, corruption, insufficient community support, bad working conditions. The corporate responsibility has been supported by many foundation projects in the Czech Republic, e.g. two month’s employment support campaign “JSOU ZDRAVÍ?” for disabled people (NFOZP created by the foundation Nadační fond. Czech firms have a possibility to use several portals like educating portal Boussole CSR, its aim is to approximate the responsible business mostly to small and medium sized enterprises. Currently there exist many publications regarding this topic and the companies have a big chance to get into customers’ awareness as a corporate responsible firm, like the attendance at national/international competitions. However, the firms are using other possibilities too. They participate on project creation (e.g. „Stáže manažerů bez bariér“, they establish a fair-trade stand directly in their companies or try to add an value to their business (cleaning company with a respect to the environment.

  13. MANAGING ECONOMIC EFFECTIVENESS OF MARKETING IN TRANSNATIONAL COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana Bulkot

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose. The purpose of the study is a generalization of international experience with regard to marketing efficiency control and development of qualitative and quantitative methods to be implemented in the estimation of marketing activity of TNCs. Methodology. The survey is based on research, conducted for 60 companies in the spring of 2015 (32% of which were Ukrainian and 68% – offices and affiliates of international companies, namely Bayer, Coca-Cola, Pepsi Co, Mondelez, Mars, Mintel, Cargill, and many others. The practical results of monitoring the effectiveness of annual plans of named companies done by authors through implementing original author’ methodology based on presenting key performance indicators (KPI. Results. The theoretical approaches to the estimation of marketing efficiency are analysed. The conditions, under which the organization is working by analysing external environment and internal company’s potential, are determined. It is substantiated by the authors that direct development of marketing plans should be based on marketing objectives, developed as a result of the situational analysis. It is proved that monitoring the effectiveness of annual plans may be done by implementing key performance indicators that enable to develop quantitative evaluation system of the organization’s strategy, based on control of its goals. The results of the research allowed authors to distinguish two major groups of effectiveness indicators for TNCs, which are financial and marketing indicators. In this standpoint, financial indicators are divided into costs’, productivity and profitability indicators and to the marketing effectiveness indicators belong market indexes, competitiveness indexes, and client’s indicators. Practical implications. The proposed methodology can be implemented for the qualitative and quantitative estimation of marketing effectiveness not only in TNCs but in small and medium business companies as well

  14. 17 CFR 270.3a-3 - Certain investment companies owned by companies which are not investment companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the definition of the term “investment company” by section 3(b)(1) or 3(b)(2) of the Act (15 U.S.C... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certain investment companies owned by companies which are not investment companies. 270.3a-3 Section 270.3a-3 Commodity and...

  15. Haplotipos de la hemoglobina S: importancia epidemiológica, antropológica y clínica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter E. Rodríguez Romero

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre la drepanocitosis y los diferentes haplotipos del gen que codifica la subunidad betas de la globina ha permitido llegar a entender mejor las manifestaciones clínicas de aquella enfermedad. El uso de mejores técnicas de laboratorio permite descartar la presencia de otros factores hereditarios capaces de ocultar el verdadero genotipo hemoglobínico. La heterogeneidad clínica de la drepanocitosis, afección caracterizada por la presencia de una hemoglobina anormal denominada HbS, depende de las concentraciones de hemoglobina fetal (HbF, la razón de cadenas Ggamma a cadenas Agamma en la molécula de globina, las concentraciones de 2,3-difosfoglicerato, la presencia de mutaciones ligadas, los haplotipos del gen betas, la presencia simultánea de alfa-talasemia, y factores ambientales. En particular, los polimorfismos Senegal y árabe-saudí o indio del conglomerado de genes que codifican la subunidad betas se asocian con una evolución clínica menos grave, mientras que los haplotipos de la República Centroafricana (CAR o Bantú, Camerún y Benín se asocian con drepanocitosis grave. De todos, el haplotipo CAR es el de peor pronóstico (concentraciones de HbF de menos de 12% y razón de Ggamma:Agamma propia de la edad adulta. Estos polimorfismos del ácido desoxirribonucleico, una vez caracterizados, adquieren enorme importancia como marcadores antropológicos y genéticos. En las Américas, los haplotipos betas permiten entender mejor las raíces ancestrales africanas de las poblaciones de raza negra. Se ha comprobado la presencia de variedad genética no solo entre las diferentes poblaciones negras de las Américas, sino también dentro de un mismo país, como se observa en Costa Rica.

  16. Anatomía de la arteria temporal superficial: importancia quirúrgica: estudio piloto en cadáveres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.J. Pradel-Mora

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El conocimiento preciso de los patrones vasculares permite mejorar los resultados de la reconstrucción regional del pabellón auricular y el diseño de colgajos regionales dependientes de la arteria temporal superficial para la reconstrucción facial. En México, no contamos en la actualidad con descripciones anatómicas de las variantes vasculares normales de la arteria temporal superficial. El objetivo de este trabajo es la descripción de las variantes anatómicas de la arteria temporal superficial a través de la disección de este vaso en 12 regiones tempo-parieto-occipitales en cadáveres. Nuestros resultados muestran que la arteria temporal superficial siempre se divide en dos ramas, una anterior y otra posterior, la distribución de ésta se sitúa en el cuarto más posterior de la región temporal, con una bifurcación alta. La distribución de la anatomía vascular, tomando en cuenta el calibre mayor de la arteria temporal superficial con respecto a la arteria auricular posterior, la ausencia de esta última en 4 de las regiones estudiadas, así como la distancia de dichos vasos con respecto al conducto auditivo externo, sugieren que en nuestra población la irrigación del pabellón auricular depende de la arteria temporal superficial, restándole importancia a la aportación del riego sanguíneo de esta región por parte de la arteria auricular posterior. Nuestro estudio arroja resultados que indican la existencia de variaciones importantes en la anatomía vascular regional que justifican la realización de estudios posteriores que permitan una descripción mas detallada de la misma para aumentar el éxito de las intervenciones quirúrgicas.

  17. FACTOR NUCLEAR kB (NF-kB: SIGNALOSOMA Y SU IMPORTANCIA EN ENFERMEDADES INFLAMATORIAS Y CÁNCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy P. Echeverry R.L

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available El factor nuclear kB (NF-kB es un dímero constituido por proteínas de la familia Rel. El NF-kB se encuentra en el citoplasma unido a proteínas inhibidoras (IkB. Las IkB son fosforiladas por diferentes cinasas que hacen parte del signalosoma como las cinasas de IKKa e IKKb y el modulador esencial de NF-kB (NEMO, la proteína cinasa activadora de mitosis (MAPK o p38 y la cinasa inductora de NF-kB (NIK. Estas cinasas al ser activadas por señales dependientes de citocinas y luz ultravioleta, fosforilan las IkB provocando su ubiquitinación, su degradación por proteosoma y la subsecuente liberación y translocación al núcleo de NF-kB. Recientemente se le ha dado una gran importancia al NF-kB en la vía de señalización desencadenada por estrés oxidativo, estrés genotóxico y daño en el DNA. A diferencia de la vía denominada clásica, en esta ruta ocurre una SUMOilación de NEMO y translocación al núcleo. En el núcleo NEMO interactúa con la proteína de la ataxia telangiectasia mutada (ATM activada en respuesta a modificaciones en la cromatina y daño en el DNA. El complejo ATM/NEMO es translocado al citoplasma donde la ATM fosforila a las IKK llevando a la ubiquitinación y posterior liberación de NF-kB que es translocado al núcleo. NF-kB desencadena procesos de supervivencia incluyendo el aumento de la transcripción de enzimas antioxidantes como la superóxido dismutasa, catalasa y glutatión. Estas enzimas participan en el control de los niveles de especies reactivas de oxígeno en la célula. La sobreactivación de NF-kB se relaciona con inflamación y cáncer. En la actualidad se desarrolla una búsqueda de fármacos que actúen sobre moléculas del signalosoma de NF-kB, no sólo para el manejo de enfermedades inflamatorias sino también para el uso durante el tratamiento de tumores resistentes a radio y quimioterapia.

  18. MOTIVACIÓN: PERSPECTIVAS TEÓRICAS Y ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES DE SU IMPORTANCIA EN EL ÁMBITO EDUCATIVO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Naranjo Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como propósito revisar el concepto de motivación, su evolución histórica, los tres principales enfoques relacionados con esta, a saber, conductual, humanista y cognitivo; y, además, presentar algunos aspectos de importancia sobre la motivación en el ámbito educativo. El enfoque conductual enfatiza que las personas actúan motivadas por beneficios o recompensas que puedan recibir. El humanista subraya las cualidades del ser humano, su capacidad para desarrollarse y su libertad de elección. De este enfoque se estudian las teorías motivacionales: Jerarquía de las necesidades de Maslow, Existencia, relación y crecimiento de Alderfer y la Teoría de las necesidades de McClelland. El enfoque cognitivo señala que lo que se piensa que puede ocurrir determina lo que sucede; así, las percepciones de los eventos influyen sobre las emociones y los comportamientos. Si la persona cree que fracasará es probable que fracase y si piensa que tendrá éxito posiblemente lo logre. En esta perspectiva, los pensamientos guían la motivación. De este enfoque se revisa la Teoría de las expectativas de Vroom, la Teoría de la equidad de Adams y el Modelo de fijación de metas y objetivos al que se refiere Trechera. Sobre el ámbito educativo se analiza especialmente la relación entre emoción y motivación y la relación entre la Teoría de las atribuciones y el desempeño académico. Se presentan algunos motivos que pueden orientar el comportamiento estudiantil y, finalmente, se estudian las motivaciones intrínseca y extrínseca, y su influencia en el rendimiento académico del estudiantado.

  19. La fusión bancaria en Venezuela. Importancia de las TIC en la banca universal y microfinanciera nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flor Villalobos de Bastidas

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Con la entrada en vigencia de la Ley de Instituciones del Sector Bancario en el año 2010, se prevé que se produzcan transformaciones y fusiones de bancos bajo los modelos de banca universal, por la cual se realizan todas las operaciones de intermediación financiera y sus servicios conexos y de banca microfinanciera cuyo objeto principal es fomentar, financiar y promover las actividades de producción de bienes y servicios de las pequeñas empresas industriales y comerciales, de los microempresarios y microempresas y de la economía popular alternativa. En tal sentido, el objetivo del presente artículo es el anlisis de la fusión en las entidades bancarias venezolanas y la importancia de las tecnologías de la información y comunicación (TIC como recurso que dinamiza el proceso de fusión así como su relevante aplicación en la banca universal y microfinanciera. En cuanto a la metodología se revisaron fuentes documentales y electrónicas, realizndose una investigación descriptiva y cualitativa de la actualidad bancaria venezolana. Los resultados permiten afirmar que la fusión bancaria en Venezuela es un proceso regulado por el Estado, en el cual intervienen los recursos tecnológicos tanto como factor que dinamiza el proceso de fusión como de herramientas estratégicas para la fluidez de las operaciones de intermediación financiera. Como conclusiones se señala que en los nuevos escenarios de la banca venezolana se despliegan las innovaciones tecnológicas como instrumentos que generan nuevas opciones de negocios y que su aplicación constituye desafío del sector bancario venezolano para ofrecer a los usuarios un amplio catlogo de productos y servicios financieros, realizadas hoy día con flexibilidad, agilidad y la comodidad que demanda la sociedad actual.

  20. Tattoo: a multifaceted medium of communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Wymann

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This article suggests the systems theoretical distinction of form/medium as a useful tool for distinguishing social phenomena that might look as if they stem from the same process. This is shown to be the case for the tattoo and tattooing. The tattoo is conceived as a medium of communication through which different forms of communication emerge. Tattooing is one of these forms of communication that shapes the medium in a particular way. The current article sheds a special light on its intricate, communicational constellation, for which the concept of parallax is suggested. Law, medicine and cosmetics as other forms of communication use the medium of tattoo in their own way as well. The form/medium distinction allows us to grasp these different forms of communication, while it shows that they share the tattoo as medium. The article’s ultimate goal is to illustrate that the tattoo figures as a multifaceted medium of communication.

  1. SAFETY AUDIT IN HATCHING COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Bujna

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A safety audit in a hatching company in order to improve the hatching quality and poultry breeding, poultry products and production by reducing risk factors and improving safety was performed. In the article is discussed the safety audit consisting of several parts such as an audit questionnaire and FMEA methods (analysis of causes and consequences of failures where there are specified potential risks arising at work. These risks are evaluated, and corrective measures are defined to reduce the formation of potential risks. It examines the process of retraining employees on occupational safety and health, personal protective equipment and fire protection. To optimize the production, a compound feed production programme was designed.

  2. Medium-Based Design: Extending a Medium to Create an Exploratory Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rick, Jochen; Lamberty, K. K.

    2005-01-01

    This article introduces "medium-based" design -- an approach to creating "exploratory learning environments" using the method of "extending a medium". First, the characteristics of exploratory learning environments and medium-based design are described and grounded in related work. Particular attention is given to "extending a medium" --…

  3. Current information technology needs of small to medium sized apparel manufacturers and contractors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wimple, C., LLNL

    1998-04-01

    This report documents recent efforts of the American Textile Partnership (AMTEX{sup TM}) Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) Project to identify opportunities for cost effective enhanced information technology use by small to medium sized apparel manufacturers and contractors. Background on the AMTEX/DAMA project and objectives for the specific DAMA Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) effort are discussed in this section. The approach used to gather information about current opportunities or needs is outlined in Section 2 Approach, and relevant findings are identified and a brief analysis of the information gathered is presented in Section 3 Findings. Recommendations based on the analysis, are offered in Section 4 Recommendations, and plans are suggested for DAMA follow-on in Section 5 Future Plans. Trip reports for each of the companies visited are contained in Appendix E - Company Trip Reports. These individual reports contain the data upon which the analysis presented in Section 3 Findings is based.

  4. Design of an interdisciplinary engineering elective scoped around collaboration with Small Medium Sized enterprises (SME)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Nynne Budtz; Ulrich, Mai-Mai; Pontoppidan, Maja Lund

    2014-01-01

    a real life setting elective course, involving small and medium sized enterprises (SME) in engineering education. How do you engage with companies without compromising the learning outcome? How you manage the expectation from the companies and still maintaining the student responsibility for the problem...... in the process of transforming the department into a hotspot for engineering innovation and entrepreneurship. Alongside this a much bolder step of introducing innovative competencies as a general intended Learning Outcome for the whole education4. The driver of this change will be the introduction...... of a compulsory 10 ECTS element with focus on interdisciplinary and industry collaboration for all Bachelors of Engineering at The Technical University of Denmark in 2016. As collaboration partner the elective has chosen to work with small and medium sized enterprises (SME) as more than half of the value added...

  5. THE RELATIONSHIP MARKETING APPLICATION IN SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SABOU FELICIA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the importance of relationship marketing, the communication between customers and romanian small and medium-sized enterprises, analyzing also how are investigated and resolved the complaints received from the customers. In the paper, I made a study through I analyzed if the small and medium-sized enterprises undertake investigations about the reasons which they have lost customers. The study was conducted during january - february 2016, the main research methods used in the study were observation, documentation, analysis and market survey. Also, I chose the study questionnaire as research tool. From this study resulted that 79,31% of companies surveyed, were concerned and investigated the reasons they lost customers. Customer satisfaction is very important to business success, so it is recommended that companies must pay attention to the customers reactions and customers dissatisfaction consequences.

  6. FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE VERSUS NON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE. CASE STUDY AT ANTIBIOTICE TRADING COMPANY IASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beleneºi Mãrioara

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The actual economical conditions, the effect of global crisis and the efforts to pass this turning point, does force trading companies toward an extremely balanced management of performance. Now, when financial indicators are neither so spectacular nor so relevant, and when the principles of a durable development are mentioned over and over, the exigencies of companies’ external environment are higher and higher. This reality does force the companies to pay more attention to social responsibilities’ assuming and investment into green innovation, as well as to the field of information’s communication in a relevant way, which should gather financial, social and environment information. The absence of a normalized balance of financial and non-financial indicators used in measuring companies’ global performance, does allow them selecting of “agreed” indicators which should reflect the company under the light of high performance. But, the same reason urges the searcher for some research studies of the most adequate diagnostic model of global performance, which should faithfully reflect company’s current status. The purpose of this study is to measure the global performance of ANTIBIOTICE Trading Company, taking into account, both financial and non-financial indicators for a period of 5 years. For the financial years 2006 and 2008 company’s global performance is an acceptable one, while for the financial years 2007, 2009 and 2010 the global performance is a medium one. It should be highlighted the lack of involvement or transparency regarding social and environment responsibility in 2006 and weak financial performance in 2008, indicators which positioned the company to an acceptable level.

  7. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COLLABORATION INTER-COMPANIES: EXPERIENCES OF LOGISTIC PROCESSES IN THE INDUSTRIES OF THE ELECTRONIC VALLEY OF MINAS GERAIS – BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osmar Vieira de Souza Filho

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate aspects of logistics management in companies in a cluster, with interest in the analysis of logistics strategies based in integration and collaboration amongst the companies of the cluster. It was found that the logistics strategies are individual and companies do not search for alignment in their strategies. Thus, they fail to exploit the potential synergies arising from geographic proximity and similarity of operational processes. This attitude helps to inhibit the formation of partnerships, associations and cooperation between the companies, which could be an adequate strategy to overcome the weaknesses and deficiencies of small and medium enterprises acting individually.

  8. Premium Forecasting of AN Insurance Company:

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouladvand, M. Ebrahim; Darooneh, Amir H.

    We present an analytical study of an insurance company. We model the company's performance on a statistical basis and evaluate the predicted annual income of the company in terms of insurance parameters namely the premium, the total number of insured, average loss claims etc. We restrict ourselves to a single insurance class the so-called automobile insurance. We show the existence of a crossover premium pc below which the company is operating at a loss. Above pc, we also give a detailed statistical analysis of the company's financial status and obtain the predicted profit along with the corresponding risk as well as ruin probability in terms of premium. Furthermore we obtain the optimal premium popt which maximizes the company's profit.

  9. Crucial market demands and company competencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Bjarne; Stacey, Julia

    1999-01-01

    More and more, it is acknowledged that a company's success depends on it being capable of complying with the market's demands and wishes. It is, however, not always obvious, how the individual company will be able to meet the market's demands. A recent MAPP study has investigated this topic...... and identified a number of central market demands, which Danish food companies are faced with. Moreover, the study has identified which competencies are required to meet these demands and have also looked at howsuccessful companies structure some of these competencies. The study takes its point of departure...... in a literature review of MAPP's research. Results show that there are 27 central market demands, retail and consumer demands that Danish companies ought to be able to live up to. The study has also identified which competencies food companies must possess to be able to meet market's demands. Results from three...

  10. Dreams of a New Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aden Evens

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problematic at best, the desire for a transparent interface nevertheless drives much of digital culture and technology. But not the Web; or at least, not Web 1.0. Thoroughly commercialized, comfortably parsed into genres, serving billions of pages of predigested content to passive consumers, the World Wide Web as developed in the '90s unabashedly embraces its role as medium. While so many digital technologies work to hide their mediacy--drawing in the user with a total simulated sensorium, dematerializing the resistances of size and weight, untangling the knots of cables tying user to machine and machine to cubicle, minimizing the interface--Web 1.0 proudly clings to the browser as a glaring reminder of its medial character. While Web 2.0 has not forsaken the browser altogether, it nevertheless seems to offer a different sort of mediation. Arising alongside the atomization of browser functions, the ubiquitization of connectivity, and the coincidence of producer and user, Web 2.0 retains the form of a medium while reaching for the experiential logic of immediacy. This is not the immediacy of the transparent interface; rather, Web 2.0 effects an immediate relationship between the individual and culture. The interface does not disappear, but its mediacy is subsumed under the general form of cultural participation. Focusing on the "version upgrade" from Web 1.0 to 2.0, this essay will explore the implications for mediacy of this transition, noting that the fantasy of immediacy which drives Web 2.0 is layered and complex. The typical account of immediacy proposes to eliminate the interface and so construct a virtual reality (VR. But Web 2.0 mostly sidesteps the virtual, propelled instead by a fantasy of intuition in which the Web already knows what you want because it is you. Crucially, fantasies about the digital are effective: the computer's futurity inhabits our world, finding its expression in politics, advertising, budgeting, strategic planning

  11. Russian Enterprises and Company Law in Transition

    OpenAIRE

    Nysten-Haarala, S.

    2001-01-01

    Privatization and company law have been the most important instruments of transforming Russian enterprises. State enterprises have been privatized and modern company law governs how they function, but privatized companies have not changed their business culture. Privatization did not divide management and ownership and did not create efficient stock markets to monitor managers. Managers were able to keep their authoritarian methods inherited from socialist management and rent-seeking in the a...

  12. The Limited Liability Company: An Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Wayne Wells; Gary Yoshimoto

    1993-01-01

    In recent years, businesses in many states have been given the opportunity to select a new form in which to conduct business called the limited liability company. This form provides the advantage of the personal liability protection of a corporation, while being taxed as a partnership. If most states create the limited liability company and current issues of uncertainty are favorably resolved, the limited liability company should become the most advantageous business form for most small and m...

  13. Offshore Companies and the Fiscal Paradise

    OpenAIRE

    CORINA ALEXANDRA VITELAR

    2006-01-01

    The present article introduces the reader in the problem of tax heaven and offshore companies. We tried to present, both positive and negative aspects of this problem. On one hand, this type of companies can help a multinational corporation in its economical and financial global projections, but, on the other hand, these companies can be use as extremely efficient instruments of tax evasion and money laundry

  14. Financial management of the construction company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antosova, Karolina

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper informs about the financial management in the construction company. The work describes problems of the management, its tasks, goals, dependencies on the size of the construction company and progress in the construction production and also introduce topic of the risks in the construction business. Also controlling and reporting in the construction company together with basic tools are described in example of Metrostav a.s. in this work.

  15. HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN BRAZILIAN COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Y.

    2017-01-01

    The article considers the analysis of human resource management practices for Brazilian companies. The country-specific context and organizational behavior peculiarities of Brazil define the companies’ approach for HRM practices. The example of “CCR Group” is considered as a case study example. Analysis from company structure, culture specific context, current situation of human resource management not only in this company, but also in Brazil, in order to give the recommendation about how to ...

  16. 17 CFR 256.311 - Other service company property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other service company property... (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Service Company Property Accounts § 256.311 Other service company...

  17. Significance assessment of small-medium sized reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanno, Minoru [Japan Atomic Power Co., Research and Development Dept., Tokyo (Japan)

    2002-12-01

    Preliminary assessment for deployment of small-medium sized reactor (S and M reactor) as a future option has been conducted at the JAPCO (Japan Atomic Power Company) under the cooperation with the CRIERI (Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry). Significance of the S and M reactor introduction is listed as follows; lower investment cost, possible siting near demand side, enlarged freedom of siting, shorter transmission line, good compatibility with slow increase of demand and plain explanation of safety using simpler system such as integral type vessel without piping, natural convection core cooling and passive safety system. The deployment of simpler plant system, modular shop fabrication, ship-shell structured building and longer operation period can assure economics comparable with that of a large sized reactor, coping with scale-demerit. Also the S and M reactor is preferable in size for the nuclear heat utilization such as hydrogen production. (T. Tanaka)

  18. Content Marketing for Small/Medium Online Re-tailers: Case Lamnia

    OpenAIRE

    Ngo, Mai

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to acquire a deeper knowledge of content marketing, its relevance to small and medium online retailing businesses, and to examine the implementation of content marketing strategy by the case company. The research is done in parallel with the case company’s marketing development activities, thus it also determines the effectiveness of different content marketing tactics that were used. The data for the theoretical part of this thesis was collected from secondary da...

  19. Development of software tool support for enterprise architecture in small and medium-sized enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Dumeez, Joost; Bernaert, Maxime; Poels, Geert

    2013-01-01

    Part 4: Enterprise Modelling Approaches and Tools for Agility and Flexibility; International audience; Enterprise architecture (EA) is used to improve the alignment of different facets of a company. The recognition for the need of EA in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) has recently risen as a means to manage complexity and change [1]. Due to the specific problems and characteristics of SMEs, a different approach is necessary. CHOOSE was therefore developed as an EA approach focused o...

  20. A Systematic Approach to Strategy Formulation for Medium-Sized Shipyards

    OpenAIRE

    Ma'ruf, Buana

    2007-01-01

    A more comprehensive strategy formulation has an important role for sustainable competitive advantage of the shipbuilding companies in the global market. The nature of shipbuilding industry differs from general industry, therefore a strategy formulation model should be developed based on its own characteristics and business environment. This paper presents a proposed strategy formulation model for medium-sized shipyards both in business and corporate levels. A new approach was developed based...

  1. MODEL FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Stoyanova

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the author for the creation of the Entrepreneurship Model is to present it as an instrument for increasing the competitiveness of small and medium enterprises in the agrarian sector. The strengths and weaknesses of the company must be matched with the opportunities and threats that arise from the external environment so that it can realize and strengthen its competitive advantages and avoid threats. Firm strengths should focus on exploiting the potential of the environment.

  2. Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in international business: A survey of recent literature

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Klaus-Dieter

    1996-01-01

    It is often argued that the process of globalization has mainly favoured large-scale multinational companies which are able to organize their business efficiently within internal hierarchies. However, globalization has not only pushed cross-border intra-finn transactions but also other arrangements among firms such as licensing or subcontracting that fall short of ownership involvements. This opens up new opportunities for small and medium sized enterprises, too. The paper provides a general ...

  3. DETERMINANTS OF SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY EXPENDITURES OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES FROM BIHOR COUNTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saveanu Tomina Gabriela

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the social responsibility expenditures of small and medium enterprises (SME in Bihor County. In line with the literature we consider donations and sponsorship the expression of philanthropic behavior of companies. Positioned at the top of the CSR pyramid such actions are some of the few on which there is consensus in considering forms of CSR. Explaining the factors that drive such expenditures at the level of small and medium enterprises fills in a gap in the scientific knowledge both at international and national level. Particularly in Romania, the CSR processes are less studied and seem developed mimetically by large companies from the example of multinational companies. However the data provided in this paper reveals that a significant number of small and medium enterprises are engaged in CSR actions, as almost 20% of SME with registered profit donate money. The factors explaining this orientation are in line with the literature as the size of the enterprise influences both the decision to donate and the amounts donated. The larger a company in terms of profit, turnover and number of employees the bigger the chances it donates money and the amounts donated are larger. The data was extracted from the National Agency of Fiscal Administration regarding expenditures of small and medium enterprises in 2013. Future studies should include information regarding the destination of these expenditures. More, in order to fully explain CSR at SMEs level qualitative data is needed regarding the motivations of managers for such actions and the reasons behind the choice for a specific area or action.

  4. 78 FR 22801 - Request for Comments on Developing a Program To Provide Loan Guarantees to Small- or Medium-Sized...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... manufacture of innovative products, processes, or ideas developed by research funded in whole or in part by... companies for small- or medium-sized manufacturers to finance projects that re-equip, expand, or establish a... commercialize an innovative product, process or idea developed by research funded in whole or in part by a grant...

  5. Exploring corporate sustainability integration into business activities. Experiences from 18 small and medium sized enterprises in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Witjes, S.; Vermeulen, W.J.V.; Cramer, J.M.

    Although companies have shown a growing awareness of the importance of Corporate Sustainability (CS), integration of CS into their business activities is still problematic. Most of the CS research focuses on large corporations, with limited discussions of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs).

  6. Liquidation of Limited Companies Dissolved by Courts

    OpenAIRE

    Dvorníková, Jiřina

    2012-01-01

    As a topic of my dissertation I have chosen a " Liquidation of capital commercial companies cancelled by a court." The reason to choose this topic was the fact, that it is a process not discussed by the professional public as much, including the "forced company liquidation", which is executed on the base of court decision. The reason was the situation, when there is a constant growth of dysfunctional companies, that are unable of further business activity and the bodies of such companies do n...

  7. Valuating the Investment Efficiency of Distribution Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Karajica

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The task of this study is to valuate the investment efficiency of distribution companies. Although a series of publications and studies has been dedicated to this topic, it is difficult to find a general consensus in defining the investment efficiency of a company. Nevertheless if we simplify an imaginary  company as a production unit in which a series of actions transforms inputs to outputs, efficiency can be understood as like an effort to achieve maximum value of the outputs together with minimum usage of inputs, where the inputs constitute investments by a company. The investment efficiency of a company can be measured by expressing the absolute values of selected inputs and outputs, a relative expression of inputs and outputs, and perhaps an expression of the difference between them. However, an examination of the efficiency of a certain company is impossible without a valuation of other companies. In view of the amount of benchmarking, it should be emphasized, that this study is dedicated to a certain category of benchmarking, which we may term investment benchmarking. This benchmarking can be defined as a comparison of companies in terms investment efficiency. The purpose of this comparison is not only to investigate levels of investment efficiency and to relate them to other companies from the same branch, but also to locate the greatest efficiency and indicate potential improvement. 

  8. Rhetorical Features of the Company Website

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anne Ellerup

    2002-01-01

    Recent years have seen a growing body of literature ceoncerned with the World Wide Web as a new form of communication, and numerous discussions on composition, structure and design of successful company websites are being held in all kinds of forums within and outside the Internet. However, most...... will discuss the functional and the compositional aspects of corporate communication on the World Wide Web by comparing company websites with traditional market communication media. I will focus on linguistic and visual features of the company website and briefly account for some of the media constraints...... related to the production and reception of company websites....

  9. Relocating a Company within the EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    This article analyses how a public or private limited company can be relocated in another EU country via establishment of a subsidiary in the second country, followed by a reverse vertical merger (the parent ceases to exist and the subsidiary is the continuing company). The consideration...... for the merger is shares in the subsidiary, which can be effected by giving the parent company's shares in the subsidiary to the parent company's shareholders, but after the shares have taken a brief respite in the subsidiary as own shares...

  10. Performance evaluation of Central European companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Fiala

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a modelling approach for performance comparison of Central European companies on three levels: country, industry, and company. The approach is based on Data Envelopment Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process. The proposed model consists of two basic sections. The first section estimates the importance of selected industries in the countries, whereas the second section evaluates the performance of companies within industries. The results of both sections are synthesized and finally the country performance is estimated. The evaluation is based on the data set resulting from a survey of companies from selected industries.

  11. Zipf's law in income distribution of companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuyama, K.; Takayasu, M.; Takayasu, H.

    1999-07-01

    Distribution functions of annual income of companies are analyzed based on two company databases. A clear power law distribution consistent with the Zipf's law can be confirmed for Japanese companies over more than three decades in income scale. Similar distributions can be confirmed in some other countries. It is confirmed that such power laws hold in most of job categories with slightly modified exponents. An annual income of a company is about two orders of magnitude smaller than its total assets, and the growth rate distribution of income is nearly independent of the income size in contrast to the case of growth rate of assets.

  12. LOCATION DECISIONS OF MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia P. BLĂJUȚ

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the location decisions of foreign direct investments by the most important global multinational companies in Romania. The study covers the top 100 multinational companies, according to Fortune and underline that all of them have the headquarters location in the United States. In particular, this analysis presents the distribution of global companies based on the main industry and major economic sectors. The first company, from the rank 100, that invests in our country is Exxon Mobil (the number two on the list and has numerous projects in petroleum refining industry in many other countries, because energy sector is one of the most important ones in the global economy.

  13. Dust in the interplanetary medium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mann, Ingrid; Lamy, Herve [Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); Czechowski, Andrzej [Space Research Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw (Poland); Meyer-Vernet, Nicole; Zaslavsky, Arnaud, E-mail: ingrid.mann@aeronomie.b [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Meudon (France)

    2010-12-15

    The mass density of dust particles that form from asteroids and comets in the interplanetary medium of the solar system is, near 1 AU, comparable to the mass density of the solar wind. It is mainly contained in particles of micrometer size and larger. Dust and larger objects are destroyed by collisions and sublimation and hence feed heavy ions into the solar wind and the solar corona. Small dust particles are present in large number and as a result of their large charge to mass ratio deflected by electromagnetic forces in the solar wind. For nanodust particles of sizes {approx_equal}1-10 nm, recent calculations show trapping near the Sun and outside from about 0.15 AU ejection with velocities close to solar wind velocity. The fluxes of ejected nanodust are detected near 1 AU with the plasma wave instrument onboard the STEREO spacecraft. Although such electric signals have been observed during dust impacts before, the interpretation depends on several different parameters and data analysis is still in progress.

  14. Studies in medium energy physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green, A.; Hoffmann, G.W.; McDonough, J.; Purcell, M.J.; Ray, R.L.; Read, D.E.; Worn, S.D.

    1991-12-01

    This document constitutes the (1991--1992) technical progress report and continuation proposal for the ongoing medium energy nuclear physics research program supported by the US Department of Energy through special Research Grant DE-FG05-88ER40444. The experiments discussed are conducted at the Los Alamos National Laboratory's (LANL) Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) and the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) facility of the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The overall motivation for the work discussed in this document is driven by three main objectives: (1) provide hadron-nucleon and hadron-nucleus scattering data which serve to facilitate the study of effective two-body interactions, test (and possibly determine) nuclear structure, and help study reaction mechanisms and dynamics; (2) provide unique, first-of-a-kind ''exploratory'' hadron-nucleus scattering data in the hope that such data will lead to discovery of new phenomena and new physics; and (3) perform precision tests of fundamental interactions, such as rare decay searches, whose observation would imply fundamental new physics

  15. The interstellar medium in galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    1997-01-01

    It has been more than five decades ago that Henk van de Hulst predicted the observability of the 21-cm line of neutral hydrogen (HI ). Since then use of the 21-cm line has greatly improved our knowledge in many fields and has been used for galactic structure studies, studies of the interstellar medium (ISM) in the Milky Way and other galaxies, studies of the mass distribution of the Milky Way and other galaxies, studies of spiral struc­ ture, studies of high velocity gas in the Milky Way and other galaxies, for measuring distances using the Tully-Fisher relation etc. Regarding studies of the ISM, there have been a number of instrumen­ tal developments over the past decade: large CCD's became available on optical telescopes, radio synthesis offered sensitive imaging capabilities, not only in the classical 21-cm HI line but also in the mm-transitions of CO and other molecules, and X-ray imaging capabilities became available to measure the hot component of the ISM. These developments meant that Milky Way was n...

  16. Financial management practices in successful Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrik Petrus Wolmarans

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Although the success of small, medium and micro enterprises (SMEs is extremely important for the South African economy, their failure rate is amongst the highest in the world; some researchers estimate as high as 90 percent. Research has shown that the lack of financial management skills and application of financial management practices are some of the biggest factors contributing to SME failure. However, it is not clear from the literature which of these skills and practices are more important than others. This study aims to fill this gap by determining which financial management skills are relevant for successful SMEs. A survey was done on a sample of owner-managers of successful SMEs who had been asked, firstly, whether they performed different financial management practices and, secondly, how frequently they performed these in their companies. The study concludes that practices regarding working capital as well as profitability are much more relevant than those regarding a balance sheet or strategic finance. Similarly, financial practices related to cash flow and decision making are more relevant than those related to planning or analysing. It may be true, due to the high risk and volatile environment of SMEs, as well as the challenges that are often underestimated, that financial practices which academics regard as important are not always implemented by these companies.  This study contributes to the existing body of knowledge as it determines the relative relevance and frequency of use of financial management practices by successful SMEs. KEY WORDS Small and medium enterprises, Financial management practices, Successful SMEs, Entrepreneurship education

  17. Why job autonomy matters for young companies' performance: company maturity as a moderator between job autonomy and company performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Preenen, P.T.Y.; Howaldt, J.; Oeij, P.R.A.; Dhondt, S.; Kraan, K.O.; Jansen, E.

    2016-01-01

    Although the positive impact of job autonomy has been widely shown for individual-level employee outcomes, research on job autonomy and company-level outcomes has been surprisingly scarce. Therefore, among 3,311 companies in the Netherlands, we investigate the relationship between employees' job

  18. [Company health promotion as a possible preparatory stage of effective rehabilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köpke, K-H

    2012-01-01

    In Section 20a of Book 5 of the German Social Code (SGB V), the legislator obliged the health insurance funds to carry out company health promotion in cooperation with the accident insurance agency in charge. He thus created a foundation for more health and secure earnings or employment potential in the companies. At the same time company health promotion permits detecting threats to this potential. That helps to identify a possible need for rehabilitation at an earlier stage and to take appropriate action.To verify whether and how this instrument of preventive health policy is being used, an empirical study explored the actual application of that legal provision in small and medium-sized enterprises in particular. The law, administrative measures and company everyday evidence were set against each other under legal and de facto aspects, which showed obvious deficits in applying the law. Proposals for better company health promotion are derived from these findings. In the first place, actors in administration and self-management of the statutory health and accident insurance schemes are addressed to this end, in anticipation of enhanced implementation. A premature reduction of earning capacity could thus be counteracted. Pension insurants could retain gainful employment for a longer time, companies would have a more reliable employee basis. Social insurance carriers, notably the health and pension insurance schemes, would have to spend less in the end. A development like that would be a benefit for all--including the state. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. An empirical analysis of strategy implementation process and performance of construction companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaidi, F. I.; Zawawi, E. M. A.; Nordin, R. M.; Ahnuar, E. M.

    2018-02-01

    Strategy implementation is known as action stage where it is to be considered as the most difficult stage in strategic planning. Strategy implementation can influence the whole texture of a company including its performance. The aim of this research is to provide the empirical relationship between strategy implementation process and performance of construction companies. This research establishes the strategy implementation process and how it influences the performance of construction companies. This research used quantitative method approached via questionnaire survey. Respondents were G7 construction companies in Klang Valley, Selangor. Pearson correlation analysis indicate a strong positive relationship between strategy implementation process and construction companies’ performance. The most importance part of strategy implementation process is to provide sufficient training for employees which directly influence the construction companies’ profit growth and employees’ growth. This research results will benefit top management in the construction companies to conduct strategy implementation in their companies. This research may not reflect the whole construction industry in Malaysia. Future research may be resumed to small and medium grades contractors and perhaps in other areas in Malaysia.

  20. Process of value co-creation and its impact on innovation strategy in service companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Ruiz-Moreno

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This article analyzes the factors that influence on the capacity of service firms companies to adapt to changing environment. It analyzes how the critical dimensions of the innovation process influence the gap generated by the difference between the current level of innovation of the company and the level developed by competitors. Design/methodology/approach: Companies were selected from the database Duns and Bradstreet 2000. A sample of companies in Spain in a relatively homogeneous geographic, cultural, legal and political space was chosen. The questionnaire was sent to a total of 200 companies, most of them being large and medium enterprises. Findings and Originality/value: The results show that customer involvement in the innovation process is greater in service firms that have greater innovation gap and are more proactive. Formalization and decentralization present low innovation gap. Limitations: This study is focused on Spanish companies. This work presents the characteristics of a cross-sectional study. Practical implications: In order to better adapt to the environment, firms need to present a greater fit between results on innovation and customer expectations. Therefore, it is very important to accurately detect user needs throughout the innovation process. Originality/value: Our results provide guidance in decisions that are deliberate and which may affect the degree of proactivity of innovation in services. We have advanced in the implications of customer participation in business results. Keywords: Innovation gap, customer participation, decentralization, formalization, service firms.

  1. Strategic options for newly entering companies into the wine sector in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radka Šperková

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Market environment is currently characterised by a constant dynamic development and changing conditions. The wine sector in the Czech Republic has passed and still passes through a number of changes which affect the decisions of business entities that are considering whether to enter the industry or not. The importance of strategic management is on the rise in this area as well as the significance of a company strategies creation which give the company the instructions how to use their distinctive ability and transform it into a competitive advantage. With regard to the distribution of market shares of each of the companies in the market, it is considered that the market will enter two different size firms, i.e. company A and B, in which the fundamental assumptions have been chosen so that they simulate two extreme examples of enterprises that might emerge in the market. The two chosen types of businesses are proposed recommendations focused on the most effective entry with the use of a methodological tool – GE Matrix (General Electric. For the micro-enterprise (company B it was a careful entry with minimising the entry investment, differentiation of production and subsequent gradual increase of the market share. For medium-sized enterprise (company A it means the need of high investments, primarily to the purchase of technology and marketing.

  2. Medium of Instruction in Thai Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanjavanakul, Natpat

    The goal of this study is to compare classroom discourse in Thai 9th grade science lessons with English or Thai as a medium of instruction. This is a cross-sectional study of video recordings from five lessons in an English-medium instruction class and five lessons in a Thai- medium instruction class from a Thai secondary school. The study involved two teachers and two groups of students. The findings show the use of both English and Thai in English-medium lessons. Students tend to be more responsive to teacher questions in Thai than in English. The findings suggest the use of students' native language during English-medium lessons to help facilitate learning in certain situations. Additionally, the study provides implications for research, practice and policy for using English as a medium of instruction.

  3. Capital Structure Determinants of Small and Medium Enterprises in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša Šarlija

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Most of the research about capital structure is focused towards two theories: trade off theory (TOT and pecking order theory (POT. The idea is to explore which theory works better in certain conditions and identify the key determinants that affect the capital structure of the company. However, in different countries different determinants with opposite relation to the leverage are found to be significant. Besides, most of the previous researches are oriented on listed companies. The aim of this paper is to analyse the capital structure of small and medium enterprises in Croatia through the analysis of the fundamental determinants of the capital structure. The research was conducted on a data sample of 500 SMEs in Croatia in the period of 2005–2011. On the unbalanced panel data set a linear regression is applied. Influence of determinants on leverage is estimated by a static panel model with random effect and with fixed effect estimation. Four capital structure determinants are analysed: growth, size, profitability and tangible assets. The results of this research support the pecking order theory confirming that SMEs in Croatia are primarily financed frominternally generated funds that affect profitability, growth, tangible assets and enterprise size.

  4. Optical illusions induced by rotating medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zang, XiaoFei; Huang, PengCheng; Zhu, YiMing

    2018-03-01

    Different from the traditional single-function electromagnetic wave rotators (rotate the electromagnetic wavefronts), we propose that rotating medium can be extended to optical illusions such as breaking the diffraction limit and overlapping illusion. Furthermore, the homogeneous but anisotropic rotating medium is simplified by homogeneous and isotropic positive-index materials according to the effective medium theory, which is helpful for future device fabrication. Finite element simulations for the two-dimensional case are performed to demonstrate these properties.

  5. 78 FR 43197 - Duke Energy Florida, Inc.; Florida Power & Light Company; Tampa Electric Company; Orlando...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ...; Orlando Utilities Commission; Notice of Compliance Filings Take notice that on July 10, 2013, Duke Energy Florida, Inc., Florida Power & Light Company, Tampa Electric Company, and Orlando Utilities Commission...

  6. 77 FR 73114 - BNSF Railway Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption--Union Pacific Railroad Company AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board, DOT. ACTION: Notice, correction. SUMMARY: This...

  7. Do General Practices of Management Play Role as Drivers for Employee Job Satisfaction in Pakistani Entrepreneurial Companies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Nikolaevich Polbitsyn

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Using general practices of management is management philosophy; many organizations practice these tools that endeavor to improve their efficiency and competitiveness in the business markets. It is an integrated approach to reaching and maintaining high-quality production and services focusing on the maintenance and continuous improvement of operations in order to satisfy or exceed the customer satisfaction. Many researchers have done a lot of work on other management practices; total quality management is an important one of them in this competitive era, which has rarely studied especially in small and medium size entrepreneurial companies in Pakistan. This quantitative research study tried to determine the impact of Total Quality Management practices on job satisfaction level of the employees of those small and medium size companies based on new and creative ideas in the capital city. The conducted survey among 550 employees of small and medium size entrepreneurial companies in the capital of Pakistan got 200 employees response properly in filling out the questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed after applying software (version 20 Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Multiple regression was applied to test the proposed model, which was found satisfied. Leadership and top management support were founded the most dominant practice among the selected Total Quality Management practices which has a significant effect on employee job satisfaction. The findings of this study prove that the implementation of Total Quality Management practices can help in increasing employees’ job satisfaction which intern would increase Productivity of small and medium size entrepreneurial companies.

  8. Investigating the relationship between auditor’s opinion and stock return in the companies listed at Tehran stock exchange market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Akbar Farzinfar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This research investigates the relationship between auditor’s opinion and stock return in the companies listed at Tehran stock exchange market. In this study, all required data are collected from aware shareholders and provide a sampling of 130 questionnaires, the data collected over the period 2010-2011 using test methods such as computer software, data analysis and statistical methods to answer research questions. According to research result through questionnaires and tests, there is a significant relationship between stock returns and the auditor's opinion, in fact, for aware shareholders of the company the auditor’s opinion has a special message. This message is based on the results of study hypothesis in comparison with previous research with regard to changes in the questionnaire and provides assumptions that are more detailed. The first finding is that unqualified audit report has a positive impact on stock returns of companies with a medium to low degree. Adverse audit report has a negative impact on stock returns of companies with medium to high degree. Disclaimer of audit report has a negative impact on stock returns of companies with medium to high degree. Finally, qualifying paragraphs, which modified the items of income statement items have more impact in comparison with qualifying paragraphs which modified the Balance Sheet items.

  9. Ownership and Control in the Entrepreneurial Firm: An International History of Private Limited Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Timothy Guinnane; Ron Harris; Naomi R. Lamoreaux; Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

    2007-01-01

    We use the history of private limited liability companies (PLLCs) to challenge two pervasive assumptions in the literature: (1) Anglo-American legal institutions were better for economic development than continental Europe’s civil-law institutions; and (2) the corporation was the superior form of business organization. Data on the number and types of firms organized in France, Germany, the UK, and the US show that that the PLLC became the form of choice for small- and medium-size enterprises ...

  10. PDCA cycle as a part of continuous improvement in the production company - a case study

    OpenAIRE

    Marta Jagusiak-Kocik

    2017-01-01

    The paper presents a case study of the practical use of Deming cycle in a manufacturing company, from the plastics processing industry, from the sector of small and medium-sized enterprises. The paper is a study of literature in the field of continuous improvement and characterized by a cycle of continuous improvement, called the Deming cycle, or PDCA cycle. This cycle was used as a solution to quality problems which occurred during production of photo frames: discolorations and ...

  11. How small wine Italian company from Puglia can enter the Chinese-Shanghai market

    OpenAIRE

    Tramacere, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    This paper encompasses the strategy for small-medium wine companies from Puglia (Italy) to enter the Chinese market. The study was conducted to understand the reasons why the excellent quality wine from Puglia has no penetration in the Chinese market. The research took into consideration the position in terms of production, size and exports in the world of Italian producers from Puglia and their competitors in China. After analysing the market and the opportunities, the report ...

  12. Leading Players of the Global Petrochemical Industry. Overview of Groups - SWOTs - Benchmarking - Company Profiles and Financials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-02-01

    This study presents: The medium-term and mega trends of the industry market developments and geographical segments; The competitive landscape and the main corporate rankings; The main conclusions of the report, summarised in 10 analytical slides. Content: 1. Overview: The Sector, Ranking, Performance Analysis; 2. Company Profiles: ExxonMobil, Total, BASF, Dow Chemical, Reliance Industries, Sabic, LyondellBasell, Mitsubishi Chemical, LG Chem, Sumitomo Chemical; 3. Sources; 4. Annexes

  13. Southern company energy storage study :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellison, James; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Black, Clifton; Jenkins, Kip

    2013-03-01

    This study evaluates the business case for additional bulk electric energy storage in the Southern Company service territory for the year 2020. The model was used to examine how system operations are likely to change as additional storage is added. The storage resources were allowed to provide energy time shift, regulation reserve, and spinning reserve services. Several storage facilities, including pumped hydroelectric systems, flywheels, and bulk-scale batteries, were considered. These scenarios were tested against a range of sensitivities: three different natural gas price assumptions, a 15% decrease in coal-fired generation capacity, and a high renewable penetration (10% of total generation from wind energy). Only in the elevated natural gas price sensitivities did some of the additional bulk-scale storage projects appear justifiable on the basis of projected production cost savings. Enabling existing peak shaving hydroelectric plants to provide regulation and spinning reserve, however, is likely to provide savings that justify the project cost even at anticipated natural gas price levels. Transmission and distribution applications of storage were not examined in this study. Allowing new storage facilities to serve both bulk grid and transmission/distribution-level needs may provide for increased benefit streams, and thus make a stronger business case for additional storage.

  14. Chemically defined medium and Caenorhabditis elegans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szewczyk, Nathaniel J.; Kozak, Elena; Conley, Catharine A.

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: C. elegans has been established as a powerful genetic system. Use of a chemically defined medium (C. elegans Maintenance Medium (CeMM)) now allows standardization and systematic manipulation of the nutrients that animals receive. Liquid cultivation allows automated culturing and experimentation and should be of use in large-scale growth and screening of animals. RESULTS: We find that CeMM is versatile and culturing is simple. CeMM can be used in a solid or liquid state, it can be stored unused for at least a year, unattended actively growing cultures may be maintained longer than with standard techniques, and standard C. elegans protocols work well with animals grown in defined medium. We also find that there are caveats to using defined medium. Animals in defined medium grow more slowly than on standard medium, appear to display adaptation to the defined medium, and display altered growth rates as they change the composition of the defined medium. CONCLUSIONS: As was suggested with the introduction of C. elegans as a potential genetic system, use of defined medium with C. elegans should prove a powerful tool.

  15. Sala situacional y procesos electorales en Venezuela: Importancia del soporte técnico y estadístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Gregorio Villa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study carries out a reflection about the reference guidelines for effective technical and statistic support in a situation room which aims to attend an electoral process. The paper provides the main concepts for the understanding of Statistics as a scientific discipline and the situation room as a tool to organize cooperative work in order to gather, process, analyze, and assess useful information to support decision-making. A diagnose of the activity related to an electoral situation room is presented based on the role of the actors involved: private companies, consulting firms, political organizations, and the electorate. As a conclusion, the importance of innovation and technology use ishighlighted, as well as of statistical packages for technical support, without banning strategic thinking as a fundamental action in decision-making

  16. BARRIERS AND OPPORTUNITIES OF APPLICATION MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING IN MICRO AND SMALL COMPANIES TROUGH ACCOUNTING SERVICES COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Beuren, Ilse Maria; Universidade Federal do Paraná - UFPR; Barp, Adriano Dinomar; Universidade Regional de Blumenau - FURB; Filipin, Roselaine; Universidade Regional de Blumenau - FURB

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the barriers and possibilities of application management accounting in micro and small companies through accounting services companies. A questionnaire, made of questions drawn from the research of Marriott and Marriott (2000), was sent to the customers of 35 accounting services companies in a municipality in southern Brazil and the accessibility sample comprises 109 micro and small companies. The data analysis was initially performed by using descriptive statistics, s...

  17. Qualification requirements for a gas supply company. The example of an urban company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adam, J.

    1997-01-01

    The question 'How competent does a gas supply company have to be' is currently on the minds of many company managers. In the paper is given the answer by an urban company in Germany. For the company are defined its core business which cannot be entrusted to external contractors and the safety-related activities which can be entrusted to service providers. As well is given an overview about the organisation of the technical division and its fields of activity. (au)

  18. PBL - Problem Based Learning for Companies and Clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamburg, I; Vladut, G.

    2016-07-01

    Small and medium sized companies (SMEs) assure economic growth in Europe. Generally many SMEs are struggling to survive in an ongoing global recession and often they are becoming reluctant to release or pay for staff training. In this paper we present shortly the learning methods in SMEs particularly the Problem Based Learning (PBL) as an efficient form for SMEs and entrepreneurship education. In the field of Urban Logistics it was developed four Clusters with potential of innovation and research in four European Regions: Tuscany - Italy, Valencia - Spain, Lisbon and Tagus - Portugal, Oltenia – Romania. Training and mentoring for SMEs, are essential to create competitiveness. Information and communication technologies (ICT) support the tutors by using an ICT platform which is in the development. (Author)

  19. Taxonomía y biología de las filarias de animales silvestres y de importancia sanitaria en la República Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Notarnicola, Juliana

    2004-01-01

    El trabajo de tesis doctoral amplió el conocimiento de los filarideos en animales silvestres y abordó la dirofilariosis canina en la ribera del Río de la Plata por su importancia como enfermedad zoonótica en Argentina. Se prospectaron 1.339 micromamíferos (roedores, murciélagos y marsupiales) y 192 dasypódidos (Xenarthra) provenientes de 14 provincias de la República Argentina y se contó con material procedente de la República Oriental del Uruguay. Para evaluar el estado actual de l...

  20. Fenómenos mitocondriales y nucleares relacionados con la resistencia a la apoptosis. Importancia del estrés oxidativo.

    OpenAIRE

    Judith Mora, Nancy

    2009-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se ha estudiado la relación entre el núcleo y la mitocondria y la importancia de la compartimentación del GSH durante la resistencia a la apoptosis inducida por el tratamiento con cisplatino. Así mismo, se ha evaluado la implicancia de la proteína bcl-2 en la compartimentación del GSH como mecanismo de resistencia a la muerte por apoptosis. Para ello se ha utilizado la cepa celular MCF7 wild type y un homólogo que sobre-expresa la proteína bcl-2.Los resultados muestran ...